Skip to main content

Full text of "The Pånjábí Dictionary"

See other formats


This is a digital copy of a book that was preserved for generations on library shelves before it was carefully scanned by Google as part of a project 

to make the world's books discoverable online. 

It has survived long enough for the copyright to expire and the book to enter the public domain. A public domain book is one that was never subject 

to copyright or whose legal copyright term has expired. Whether a book is in the public domain may vary country to country. Public domain books 

are our gateways to the past, representing a wealth of history, culture and knowledge that's often difficult to discover. 

Marks, notations and other maiginalia present in the original volume will appear in this file - a reminder of this book's long journey from the 

publisher to a library and finally to you. 

Usage guidelines 

Google is proud to partner with libraries to digitize public domain materials and make them widely accessible. Public domain books belong to the 
public and we are merely their custodians. Nevertheless, this work is expensive, so in order to keep providing tliis resource, we liave taken steps to 
prevent abuse by commercial parties, including placing technical restrictions on automated querying. 
We also ask that you: 

+ Make non-commercial use of the files We designed Google Book Search for use by individuals, and we request that you use these files for 
personal, non-commercial purposes. 

+ Refrain fivm automated querying Do not send automated queries of any sort to Google's system: If you are conducting research on machine 
translation, optical character recognition or other areas where access to a large amount of text is helpful, please contact us. We encourage the 
use of public domain materials for these purposes and may be able to help. 

+ Maintain attributionTht GoogXt "watermark" you see on each file is essential for in forming people about this project and helping them find 
additional materials through Google Book Search. Please do not remove it. 

+ Keep it legal Whatever your use, remember that you are responsible for ensuring that what you are doing is legal. Do not assume that just 
because we believe a book is in the public domain for users in the United States, that the work is also in the public domain for users in other 
countries. Whether a book is still in copyright varies from country to country, and we can't offer guidance on whether any specific use of 
any specific book is allowed. Please do not assume that a book's appearance in Google Book Search means it can be used in any manner 
anywhere in the world. Copyright infringement liabili^ can be quite severe. 

About Google Book Search 

Google's mission is to organize the world's information and to make it universally accessible and useful. Google Book Search helps readers 
discover the world's books while helping authors and publishers reach new audiences. You can search through the full text of this book on the web 

at |http: //books .google .com/I 








Under the patronage of the Punjab Government. 



Ji£e7rvber) JLKolIsol College CovLrtctl. 



Db. H? M^ CLARK, 
Of A.iixvitsctT. 



JSf a Ijf r I : 


JL l\ righU reierved. 

J. SINE, Esq., llo., 

Director of Public Instruction, Punjab, 








Tn 1841 the Lndhiana Mission sanctioned the compilation of a Punjabi Dictionary, 
ftnd in 1849 a prospectus with a specimen page of the Dictionary was issued, and 
in 1854 the book was published under the super visiou of the lato lamented Revd. 
Dr. Kewton. After some years the Punjabi Dictionary was out of print. 

In 1884 Mr. Denzil Ibbetson, the then Director of Public Instruction, Punjab, 
was of opinion that a new Punjabi Dictionary should be prepared. *' The Ludhiana 
Dictionary was almost wholly confined to the dialect spoken at t^u* pi c^, \;as meagre 
in every respect, and was out of print." The Ludhiana Mission \wm irI. ready to 
nndertake the publication of a revised and enlarged edition. The 1'. nj i.i '. -ovoruincnt, 
in its letter No. 203, dated 4th June, 1884, asked the late Mni. m Ik. sukii il.ti, Pro- 
prietor of tbe Koh'i'Nur Press, to bring out a revised and enlarged Dictiu.i /, and 
prooiised to encourage the venture by purchasing copies of the book, and gi..) ving a 
bonos, — both aggregating in value to Rs. 6,000, — on the condition that the book met 
▼ith the fall approval of the Punjab Text-Book Committee. 

Sir Charles Aitchison, the then Lieutenant-Governor of the Punjab, was 
iocUned to think that in .the new book it would be advantageous to give as full a re- 
presentation as possible of the Pnnj&bi dialects, and not confined to those ])rcvalent 
in the country round Am ritmr and Jullundur only ; and t]iat the forms ol speech 
met with in Multin, the Bn-r country and Rawalpindi should be adequately treated* 
The new book has been prepared according to the directions of the Punjab Govern- 
ment, and brought out under the supervision of the Text- Baok Commit boe. The 
specimen pages, which were submitted to that body by Munshi Harsukli liai, first of 
all in May 1886, were closely scrutinised. After the form and arro-ngomcn t of the 
book had met with the approval of the Committee, the first sixteen pages were sub- 
mitted to it for examination. Every page of the book was shown to the Committee 
before it was printed off. The first three letters of the alphabet wore not yet com- 
pleted, and the work was still in its early stage when M mshi Harsnkh Rai died, and 
in April 1891 the Government transferred the work to us. Dr. J. Sime, Director of 
Public Instruction, took a personal interest in \\\q work, and instructed us to finish 
it as quickly as possible what had been already delayed very long. We had to order 
large quantities of new type in c Jer to expedite the printing. 

Our thanks are due to Bhai Maya Singh, the Compiler ; to the Proprietors 

of the Ludhiana Mission Press for making use of their Dictionary ; to the late 

Mr. E. O'Brien for his very full and excellent Glossary of the Multani dialect ; to 

Malak Tulsi Ram of Mnlt&n, Lala Dhani Ram of Rawalpindi, and Bhai Eahan Singh 

of Baluchistan for their help in supplying us with new materials ; to the Rev. 


E. Qnilford, who was so kind as to ofEer to read the proofs, and whose help in th% 
early stages of preparation was particnlarlj valnable ; to Dr. H. Martin Clark, w^ho 
has seen almost the whole book through the press ; to Mr. J. Wilson, m.a., Deputy Com- 
missioner of Shahpur, who very kindly looked over 72 pages of the book ; to Messrs. 
W. Bell and J. Campbell Oman, the late and present Secretaries of the Punjab Text- 
Book Committee, and to LaJa Eunj Behari Thapar, the Assistant Secretary of the 
Committee, who always returned the proof s sent to the Committee punctually and 
passed them for printing ; to Bhai Ourmukh Singh, Sardar Dharm Singh, and Pandit 
Bhanu Datt, members of the Committee, who looked after the Punjibi section of the 
proofs at one stage or other of the work ; and last, though not least, to Mr. Williams, 
the Superintendent of our English Press, who has worked hard in seeing the book 
through the Press. Mr. Maconachie's excellent book, the Agricultural ProverhSf and the 
Oazetteers and Settlement Beports of the several Punjab Districts, which constitute a 
veritable mine of historical, statistical, ethnographical, agricultural, geographical, and 
other useful information, proved very useful to us, and our warmest acknowledgments 
are due to the authors or yrriters of these valuable publications. 


ProprietorSf Mufidri-'Am Press. Lalicre. 


TBe drief feature oi the present work is as full a representation as possible of all 
Ihe Pnnjib dialects spoken between the Jnmna and the Indus. In addition to the 
dialects spoken in the central districts, the forms of speech met with in Multin, 
Rawalpindi, &c., have been adequately treated. Words and idioms peculiar to the 
several professions and tribes, many of which constitute the very pith of the Punjabi 
language, have been carefully collected and adequately dealt with. The every- 
day language of the cultivating classes as well as agricultural terms are also given 
in the Dictionary, and will be of help to those whose duties bring them into con- 
tact with the people. The weU-known literary works in the language are not written 
in the dialects spoken by the people, and it is the words comprised in the latter that 
have been treated at great length. In order to know all about the people we have to 
know the language they ordinarily express themselves in in their daily life and work» 

The book contains many words which belong to Medicine, and particularly to 
Botany. These have been explained at some length. The use and significance of 
Somatic words have been illustrated by quotations from the every-day speech of the 
people, from their songs, love-stories, poetry, ballads, and legends. 

The Dictionary includes all words which are of Sanskrit, Hindi, Persian, or Arabic 
origin, but which now form part of the Punjabi as spoken in the Province. These have 
been treated in more or less detail as occasion arose. Where different forms of the 
same word are to be explained, and where they have no equivalent expression 
in Hindustani or Hindi, they are treated at length. 

It may be mentioned here that great care has been taken to determine the deri- 
vations and roots of a large number of such words as have been corrupted from the 
Sanskrit, Hindi. Persian, and Arabic. The words of the present Dictionary are 
arranged according to the English Alphabet. This arrangement will give every facility 
to those who know little Onrmukhi or nothing of Ourmukhi Alphabet. To make 
the work useful to scholars and to ensure correctness of pronunciation the principal 
words are given also in Gurmukhi. 

It remains now to mention something about the form of the language. The 
Province comprehends a great variety of tribes, which in most cases differ in languages 
or dialects in common use. According to the native proverb, a change of dialect is- 
yercepiihie at every twelve hos, and experience verifies the assertion. The Punjabi 
consists of three distinct dialects, the Multdni, the Pofhohdri and the FahofL 

The geographical distribution of the languages prevailing in the Punjab is as 
follows ;— ^ 


Eindu — Rohtak, Dehli, Kamal, Gargaon, south Hissar, south Umballa. 

Punjdbi proper (a). — Amritsar, Lahore, Gnjranwala, part of Qnji*at, Sialkot, Gur- 
daspur, Jullundhar, Hoshiarpur, Ludhiaua, Ferozpore, north Umballa, north Hissar. 

(h) Multdni. — Multan, MuzafFargarh, Jfaang, Montgomery, Dera Ghazi Khan, and 
southern part of Dera Ismail Khan ajid the Native State of Bahawalpur. 

(c) Po^AoAefrf.— Rawalpindi, Jhelum, Shahpur, part of Gnjrat, part of Hazara^ 
and Cis-Indus Bannu. 

(c?) Pahdfi, — Kangra, Simla, Jammu, and those portions of Hoshiarpur, Sialkot^ 
Umballa, Gujrat, Jhelum, and Rawalpindi which border on the hills, 

Pashto. — Peshawar, part of Hazara, Kohat, Trans-Indus Bannu. 

The Punjdbi is akin to its sister Hindi, both being derived from the Sanskrit and 
the Prakrit. It contains many Sanskrit, Hindi, Persian and Arabic words, but has a 
large vocabulary of its own. For Hindi and Pashto the student can consult the 
Dictionaries of those languages. 

For the form of the Punjdbi Proverbs it is sufficient to give an extract from 
Mr. Maconachie's Agricultural Proverbs. " The form of the Punjdbi Proverbs is 
generally, as elsewhere, a rhyme. Other characteristics are alliteration, a jingling 
rhyme inside the line, and occasionally a pun. Sometimes the rhyme extends to more 
than two lines, but rarely to more than three in succession ; and it is an interesting* 
point as affecting the precise sound of the letters concerned that a word ending in 
r will not seldom be made to rhyme with one ending in 1 ; kJiet again is put to 
rhyme with bhed. The cotnmonest form perhaps of metre is a succession of trochees, 
but a characteristic and very interesting variation is given in such proverbs as 
heff nd tatk nd*pety where the first line of the rhyme consists of a single word of one 
syllable, bet^ while the second line has four syllables, nd ton nd pet, giving great 
rhythmical effect as well as added emphasis of meaning.'^ 

The most popular form of literature in poetry is Bait, 5»r, JDojrhds. Whenever 
a gathering takes place for pleasure or for work they sing Surdn in the Mdjhd or 
Dofhds in Multia, and Baits generally in cities. One man sings a Sur, Bait or 
JDorhds, another man answers with another Sur, Bait or Dojrhds. The subjects of 
these Surdns, Baits, Dofhdt are the joys and pains of love, separation from the loved 
one. Baits and Dofhds have two lines. 

It will be interesting here to show distinctions in the parts of speech of Punjdbi 
and its branches, Multdni and Pofhohdri, Pofhohdri and Multdni differ from pure 
Punjdbi in having most of their inflections different from it and from each other. 
At the same time, they have many in common with Punjdbi, The case endings of 
the genitive dd, di, de in Punjdbi are the same in Multdni, but in Pofhohdri, ni in 
singular and ndn in plural. In Multdni the ablative takes the affix on or postposition 
kanHn. The dative in Multdni, on the other hand, uses the case affix Mn, which is 
distinct from the Punjdbi ni«?. 



In MuHdni the Pronouns are, on the whole, like Punjabi except that asdn (we), 
tuadn (jon\ are used instead of Punjdhi asin tusli^j but there is a distinction in 
Pronoans in the Potkohdri, which is as follows : — 

First person singular. 

O, Merd 
D. Mainun 
Ab. Maithon 



. Mdrhd 
, Meki. 

Mdfrhe kolon. 

Sdfhe koUm. 


Tuhdfe than. 


Usdn, usin, 
. Uskiy uhM. 

Unhdn kl. 

First person plural. 
G. Asdddysddd 
D. Aedn^n, sdnUn 
Ab. AsdnUy $dde kolon 

Second person singular. 
G. Terd 
D. TainUn 
Ab, TaitJion . . 

Second person plural. 
G. Tusddd, tuhddd . 
D. Tusdn, tuhdn^n . 

Third person singular. 
G. Uhdd, uhdi 
Ab, Uhte 

Third person plural. 
D. Unhdvk n4n 

Instead of the Indefinite Adjective Pronoun, Instrumental case, kisne^ in Potho' 
hdri, kusne is used. There is the following distinction between the Interrogative 
Pronoan of pure Punjdhi and Pothohdri. 

N. Kau^ Kufi. 

G. Kihdd, hisdd . Kfisdd. 

D. Kinhdn n4n . Kunhdn nUn. 

In Multdni the verb differs from Punjdbt and Pothohdn in the form of the 
Infinitive, which in Punjibi and Pothohdri ends in nd, and in Multdni in n. 

Panjdhi and Poilwhdri . Kamd To do. 
Multdni Karan To do. 

The Present Participle in Punjdhi is formed by adding dd to the root of the verb, 
fts harddj from karnd (doing). With verbs whose roots end in vowels, it inserts the 
nasal between the root and dd, Siajdndd (going). Multdni forms the Present Participle 
of neater verbs and of verbs whoso roots end in a vowel, like Panjabi^ as mardd. 


(dying) ; khdndd (eating). Transitive verbs insert en between tbe root and rfrf, and 
shorten the vowel of the root if long, as mdran (to beat) ; marendd (beating). In Potho^ 
hdH the Present Participle is formed by adding he to the Infirmitive, as kamdhe (doing). 
The Present Participle of the Passive voice is formed by adding if^dd to the root, 
being shortened if long. 


ttarijan (to be 

Mdrejdnd (to 
be beaten). 

The Future in Multdni and Pothohdri is peculiar to themselves, and resembles 
neither Punjdbi nor Hindi, Intransitive verbs form the future by adding the follow- 
ing terminations to the roots. The difference between Pofhohdri and Multdni in this 
respect is that sdr^ of 1st person singular is also the same as in Ist person plural ia 
Pofhohdri, but in Multdni it changes. 




Mdran, to beat 

Mdmdy to beat 

Present Participle Passive* 
Marindd (being beaten). 

Mdrid jdndd (being beaten)^ 





1st person 

. Sdn 


, I will die. 

2nd person 



. Thou wilt die. 

3rd person 

. Si 



. He will die.. 

1st person 

MarHngd . 

. I win die. 

2nd person 


• Thou wilt die.. 

3rd person 


. He will die. 

Ist person 

. S^f^ 


marsdn We will die; 

2nd person 

. So 


. You will die. 

3rd person 



. They will die. 

1st person 


. We will die. 

2nd person 


. Fou will die. 

3rd person 

. Marange 

. They will die. 

In Multdni and Pothohdri Transitive verbs form the future by adding esdf^ to the 
root and shortening the vowel of the root if long. 

Multdni, Pothohdri, Punjdbi. 

Mdresdn . MdrHngd 

Mdreset^ • Mdregd 

Mdresi , Mdregd 

MdresHf^ . Mdrdnge 

Mdreso . Mdroge 

Mdresin . Mdrange 

I will beat. 
Thou wilt beat. 

He will beat. 
We will beat. 
You will beat. 
They will beat. 


In MvUani and PofhohdH the future passive is formed by adding Ud^^ to the 
root, the vowel of which, if long, is shortened. 

MuUdrU and Pofhohdri. Funjdbi. 

MdrUdi^. . Marii jdwdngd. , 

MdrUef^* . Mdrid jdwegd, 

MdrM* Mdrid jdegd. 

Mdris^i^, • Mdre jdwdngi. 

Mdrisi, • Mdre jdoge. 

Mdriiin. . Mdre jdfige. 

In Punjdbij Popiohdri and MuUdni the Past Participle^ whether active or passive, 
Ib formed by adding id to the root, as mdrid^ beaten. 

The mode of transliteration which is adopted throughout the work is as follows :— ^ 

^ O ^ DH #A 

^•1 A a S IJ tt 

I will be beaten. 
Thou wilt be beaten* 
He will be beaten. 
Wq will be beaten. 
You will be beaten. 
They will be beaten. 













































































d ^ 








i ^ 










A. for Arabic. 
H. „ Hindi. 
K. „ Kangra or Pahdri. 
M. „ MultdnL 
Nat. „ Natural. 
Ord. „ Order. 
P. „ Persian. 
Pot Pot. for Pothohdn. 
c. w. for Construed word. 






panjAbI dictionary. 



^ ^W (I) — Come, aniraperative of v. n. 

Aund (2) — The sound with which ein- 
gera begin their music. 

AB nro *• w. /. (-P.) Water, G^ii2a6, 

rose-water) ; splendour, elegance, bril- 
liancj, dignity; lustre (in gems), temper 
(uf steel, <fcc.), edge, sharpness (of a sword, 
^)'- — ab'iUzna, s, m. Provision, drink 
and food : — db-ddr, a. Brilliant, polished, 
^ good water (as. .gems), well tempered 
{u steel): — db-dari, #. /. Brilliancy 
(of gems), temper or polish (of steel), 
sharpness (of a sword) i-r-db-haydtj $, m. 
Water of life ; immortality ; a fabulous 
8rpring hidden from human eyes : — 
vj-kdr, s, m. A distil Ip'-^r seller of 
spirituous liquors : — a^-H"' -', *. /. ^^Jfie 
business of -^ distiller ; a tavern ; liquqp 
shop; a duty on the manufacture and- 
^le pf spirituous liquors; eVcipo '- -^^ 
ib'khord, s. tn.^li,fiarrow-mouthed earllP* 
en or metal vessel used for diflWj|in^ 
out of, a cup for drinking -•^ate^ 'a 
goblet: — db-nd or dh-nde, s. m. The 
perpendicular tube of huqqd on which 
the chilam is fixed. 

ABAD YH^T^ a. Corrupted from the 

Persian word Abdd. Cultivated, peopled, 
inhabited, pleasant; full of buildings 
and inhabitants ; and in composition in 
the sense of city or village, as Wazirdbdd, 
the city of Wazir: — ahddhond, v. n. To be 
cultivated and inhabited: — abdd kamdj 
^' fl. To build, to cultivate, to make a 
place inhabited and populous: — abdd 
rallied, V, n. To be happy and prosperous. 

aoua with Abdd. 

a. (P.) Synony- 


abAdAnI n(Ep^r^s.f. (P.) A 

habitation ; a cultivated; populous, plea- 
sant place ; populousness, prosperity. 

ABADf YM^^ 8. f. (P.) Synonymoiis 
with Abdddni, 

ABAJ >Mqti 5. m. Corrupted from th« 
Arabio word Ajab, See Ajab, 

ABAKDABAK nt^oT^B^oT *./. Re- 
proving, chiding, rebuking severely^ 

ABAsf tAWI^ 8. /* Gaping, yawn- 
ing : — abdsi dufki or laWy v. n. To gapo 
to yawn. 

ABASS YM^TT a. (8), Without choice 
helpless, powerless. 


Ais^Tfeed b^ 

weeping or 
God! ^ 

8.m.,f)oc. I^athe^O Fatherl 

by children in the ti^^ of 
crying instead oiT^H^ltdy Oh 

ABBAL W^35 »• Corrupted from the 

Arabic word Avval, First, prior, fore- 
most, chief, greatest, highest, best, excel-* 
lent ; — s, m. The first or earlier part, 
beginning ; — ad. At first, in the l5^in-» 
ning, in the first place or instance* « 


ABB A? w Ah A 

) U(thnd. 

V. n. To start up suddenly ; u q* 






( 2 ) 


ABBHAR rV[3B s, w. Payment of 
revenue withoafc produce of land ; c. w, 

abbhyAgat 8. m. VH ^M'd i a ) 

ABBEYAGATAl? f. /. n T^IH'dldd 3 

Sanskrit Ahhydgat, lit. arrived. A 
visitor, a stranger, an ascetic; a faqir 
{bhikhdi-i) who travels from one place to 
another as a beggar. 

ABBHYAS >)rg5Trj7 s. m, Sanskrit 

Ahhyds, Practice, study, the frequent re- 
petition of a thing in order to fix it in the 
memory '.-—jog-abbhyds, s. m. The practice 
of Jog (abstract contemplation) in order 
to attain union with the Supreme Being. 

abbhyAsan rH3^rj\^s.f, | 

ABBHYAsf WgCTTft s, m. ) ^^^ 

Studious, one who is well practised in 
reading :—^o(jr abbhydH, 8. m. /. One 
who is well practised in Jog (abstract 
contemplation) in order to attain union 
with the Supreme Being. 

ABDHtfT mr^S s.m. 1 

A Hindu faqir or devotee who wor- 
ships Shiva or any other god, neglects 
the ceremonies of I'eligion, and goes naked 
or clothed having the body smeared with 

ABDIJmANNA m^WnST s. m. 

Obscene or abusive song by women at 
weddings ; c. w. bolted. 

ABEJAR YH^WSa, Corrupted from 
the Persian word Bezdr, Displeased, 
angry, out of humour, (vul.) sick. 

ABER tH^ 8.f. (iS.) Being out of 
time, delay ; i. q. Awer, 

ABERE >M§§ ad. (S,) Latej i q, 

ABET ABB VH^H^ ,./. (H.) Saying 
oh thou ! an expression of scorn. 

ABGAT >>}^dld *./. Corrupted from 
the Sanskrit word Apagat A miserable 
state, perdition : — abgat marfidi v, «. 
To die without fulfilling certain religious 

ABHAG m^rgy ,. m, or/. (S.) Misfor- 
tune, ill-luck, calamity ; — a. Unfortunate; 

abhAga >Mg»gn «. «.) 

-. > Anunfor- 

abhagan >Mg^^ 8.f. ) 

tunate, destitute person; — a. Unfortunate. 

ABHAGAT WggiH *. /. (S.) Want 
of devotion ; irreligion ; want of faith ; 
unbelief, impiety; disregard, indifference, 

ABHAof Wgrgft a. {S.) Unfortunate, 

unlucky, ill-starred ; destitute ; — 8. w. 
An unfortunate or unlucky wight. 

ABHAGTASr niSgiH^ *./., a. (S.) 
An irreligious woman ; indifferent. 

ABHAI >Mg a. Sanskrit Abhaya, Free 

from fear, undaunted, courageous, bold ; 
secure, safe; — «. m. Fearlessness. 

ABHAKKH YM^Vf a. Not eatable, un- 
lawful, forbidden ; wrong. 

ABHANG >MggT a, (S.) That which 
cannot be broken, (a title of God), 

ABHAO >MgT§ 1^. m. (S.) Non-ex- 
ABHAW >M^^ ) istence; extinction, 

annihilation; disappearance; absence; 
want, poverty. 

ABHARAM yMSnaW s. m., a. {8.) 

Without doubt ; without credit, respect 
or character ; not to be relied upon. 

ABHAU yH^a. Corrupted from the 
Sanskrit word Abhaya. See Abhai. 


ABHET ni§3 > fest, without dis- 

ABHEW YM§^ ) tinction or separa- 
tion ; indistinguishable, having no diffe- 
rence ; indivisible. 

ABHMAN mgiTS «. rn. Sanskrit 

Abhimdn, High opinion of one*s self, 
self-conceit, haughtiness ; vain-glory, 


( 3 ) 





A proad, liaughty^, self-conceited, arro- 
^lat, high minded person. 


ABmiiNTAf >M3WS3^ 

(S) Pride, arrogance. 

ABHRt^N >>03?S «./. A Blight 

swelling ; a tumour. 

ABHtf >>n^ «. m. Unripe wheat or 
barley roasted in the ear. Also AbH. 

IBHULL VH^?5 a. Unerring. 

ifif VMT^ a. (P.) Aqnatic, watery; 

moist, humid ; having much water, heing 
well watered, (as a country); having the 
colour of water, watery hlue, light blue. 

ABJIukA YH^t^QoH './. Corrup- 
tion of the Sanskrit word Updjivikd, 
Livelihood, subsistence, means of living ; 
nctuals; food. 

iBKA y}R3on «• ^- Fear, dread of a 


IBKADABKA WSonS^ofT 8. m. 

Snubbing and rebuking severely. See 
Ahak dahdk. 

ABNASf YM^r^TTft a. Sanskit Ahi- 

ndtU. Exempt from loss or decay ; inde- 
structible, imperishable, etei*nal, im- 
mortal, everlasting ; safe, entire, (a title 
of God). 

ABRA VHQ^^T 8. m. (P.) The outer 

fold of a double garment, (opposed to 
Attar or lining of a cloth). 

ABRAK YM^P^oT 8. m, {A.) Talc, mica. 

^Bf n{9^ *. /. (P.) A kind of thick 

or shining paper variegated or marbled 
(paper) ; — o. Clouded, mottled ; having 
the appearance and colour of clouds. 

ABRO WScf )'•/• Corruption of the 
ABRlJ tH^ ) Perwan word Ahr4. 

Honour, character, reputation; rank, dig- 
nity : — 4bro utdrx^dy V. a. To drag down 
the character and reputation (of) ; to 
abuse, to vilify ; to commit an inde- 
cent assault (upon): — udhe-kol hwQ hi rihi 
hai, dpfii abr^ lai haithd hai. He hasn't a 
fai'thing left, his dignity is all he sits in* 

ABlJ >MTg,.m. SeeJr6A4. 

ABtJjH YH^? a, (S.) Not compre- 
hending, unintelligent, stupid ; void of or 
deficient in understanding or sense ; un- 

ABYANNA W^CrST s. m. (P.) 

Water revenue. In the Multan district 
Re. 1 to Rs. 2per J^iWr collected in iTAar//. 

achAchet nfB^BH \ od' iM) 


ly, unawares : — achdchet hik dddhl sohnin 
trinuit d nikathi. Suddenly a very beau- 
tiful woman came out. — Story of the 
Four Fools. 

ACHALL >MB<f? a. Sanskrit * AcTial 

Immoveable; fii*m, fixed; stationary, 
stagnant ; established, settled ; — 8. m. A 
mountain as Himdchaly Himdlaya moun- 

ACHAMBHA nn§3V 8. m. (H.) 

Wonder, astonishment; a prodigy, strange 
and new matter ;— a. Rare, wonderful. 

achA^jak we^oT ") ad. 

ACHAIJ-CHAKK nra^SBSr [-Unex- 
ACHA^JfCHET niBS^H ) pect- 

edly, unawares ; suddenly, all of a 
sudden; all at once ; unwillingly, uncon- 
sciously : — oh tdn achatt'Chakk-i-margiyd 
hat. He died unexpectedly. 

ACHAND VlfS? a. {8.) Dull, not sharp, 

incapable of being sharpened, rough ; of 
dull understanding ; untaught ; not pas- 


( 4 ) 


ACHAR nraU a. (5,) Immoveable; 
^fixed, stafcionarj; inanimate : — char 
*acTta}\ 8. m. /. Things animate and inani- 
mate; the whole world; organic and 
inorganic' ^mtare. 

ACHAR ^ilB^H |if. m. (5.) Manner 

ACHAR nrarg ) of life, conduct, be- 
haviour; common practice; custom, usage; 
an established rule of conduct, religious 
observances; essential rites and ceremo- 
nies ; pickles : --uhdd achdr hharisht ho giyd 
Ivii. His manner of life is abominable. 

ACHARAJ nranjfT *. m. Sanskrit 
Acharyd. A spiritual guide or teacher, 
especially one who invests the student 
with the sacred thread, instructs him in 
the Vedas and the mysteries of religion ; 
a great Pundit ; a master of science ; the 
title affixed to names of learned men ; a 
sect of Brahmans who perform the 
obsequies of the dead. 

ACHARI niHT^ ) s. m. (S.) A 

ACHARf >M^^ 3 strict observer of 
religious ceremonies ; one who fulfils the 
regulations and ordinances of religion ; 
a devotee ; pious, holy man ; a fanatic ;— 
a. Fit for pickles, in a state fit to be 
made*into pickles. 

ACHARJ >MBU?T s.m. Sanskrit ^/?^. 

charya. Wonder, admiration ; an extra- 
ordinary event, miracle ; a prodigy, as- 
tonishment ; — a. Astonishing, wonderful, 

ACHARJAljr »reUf7S 8 

ACHARjf niBU?f} s 
forms wonders and miracles. 

A person 
who per- 

ACHARN nitJdtS ) B. m. (S.) Manner 

ACHARN nroUJS I of life ; conduct, 

deportment; custom, usage; practice, 
institute ; religious observance. 

ACHARWAiirT nra^u^sH *• w. 


8, W, ") 

A person of virtuous conduct ; a strict 
observer of religious ceremonies; a 
devotee ; pious, holy person. 

See Acliduak, 


ACHCHAWf >}fe^ s. f. RestlesB 
ness; c. w. laggf^i, 

ACHCHHA nfgf a. (H.) Good; ser- 
viceable; useful; fit; excellent; nice, 
fine; sound; hale; healthy ; salubrions 
(as climate); genuine, pure, unadul- 
terated; pleasant, pleasing, agreeable, 
j amiable, kind, benevolent, humane ; vir- 
tuous, righteous; well-behaved; clever, 
skilful (workman); proper, suitable,' 
fitting; favourable, propitious; luckj, 
fortunate; happy; prosperous; reason- 
able, moderate, cheap; fertile, produc- 
tive (soil) ;-nai. Well, correctly, pro- 
perly, nicely ; finely ; opportunely ; yes, 
very good, very well, all right ; granted, 
true ; quite right ;—exclam. Well ! very 
good ! very well ! how fine ! well done ! 
bravo ! capital I all right \-—achchhe ach- 
chhe, 8. m. The good, superiors, great 
men; men of birth, rank or learning: — ach^ 
chhi tarah or achchhi tarah ndl^ ad. Weil 
properly, carefully, in a fitting manner' 
suitably ; abundantly, as one could wish, 
satisfactorily ; adequately :— achchhe ttm 
achchhd. The best of all ; the very best; 
— achchhd kamd, v. a. To do good; 
to do well or right; to make (one) 
well, to restore to health, to heal, to cure : 
— achchhd lagged, v. a. To be pleasing, 
agreeable, or palatable, to please; to 
appear pretty or becoming, to look well ; 
to become, benefit, suit; to afford pleasure; 
to derive pleasure or enjoyment, to enjoy[ 
to relish, to have a good effect, to prove 
beneficial, to benefit: — achchhd hond or 
hojdnd, V. n. To become or get well, to 
recover; to be healed or cured; to be in 
good health : — achchhd tdn ndn Khudd yd 
Farmeshar dd hat. The name of God 
only is excellent or righteous. This idiom 
is used when it is intended to show the 
weakness of human nature, 


) ed 

from the 

Sanskrit word Akshar. A letter of the 
alphabet character : — hidh mdtd or bidhd- 
id de achchhar or akkhar. Predestina- 
tion ; fate, destiny ; the hand of destiny. 


( 6 ) 




WS^thT s. /. 

AGHCHUT >>IB3a. 09.) Ut Fixed. 

Incormptible, eternal, immortal ; — s, m. 
An epithet of God. 

ACHET nVBB a. (8.) Out of (one's) 

mind or senses, senseless ; careless, in- 

ACHHA >)PST a. Corrupted from 
Achchhd, Good, well. 

ACHHAI >M^ I a. Not liable to decay; 

AKHAT ti{Q ) imperishable, everlast- 

ACHHAP rifSTS 9' w. {M,) Corrupt- 
ed from JJchhdf^ The cloth spread over 
the corpse of a Muhammadan when car- 
ried to the grave. It is usually given 
to the grave-digger as his wages: — 
I'o^r huite di achhdf nuuhrU dd. A dog's 
grave and a biercloth of silk and cotton. 
—Proverb used of anything out of place. 

ACHHED n^^ a. (H.) Indivisible, not 
to be broken. 

ACHHI^DA mf^^ a. Dear, darling' 
belored ; impertinent. 

ACHHOH mSU ) a. (E.) Untouch- 

ACHHIJh mSU V ed, unsusceptible 

of defilement from touch ; of so rapid a 
motion as to elude the touch of any one. 

ACHHtfHT >MSU3a. (H.) Not cap- 
able of being demed by touch. 

^CHPAL nfBV35 a- (S) Restless, 
uneasy, agitated, impatient; unsteady, 
catering; irresolute; variable, inconstant, 
ficJfle, wanton, giddy, skittish ; active, 
»wift, brisk, sprightly, playful, frisky, 
Vivacious; inconsiderate; careless; unruly, 
refractory, restive, headstrong, self-will- 
^1 obstinate, perverse, wayward. 

AGHPALAf nra^WP^ s, f. (E.) 

Restlessness, inconstancy, playfulness, 
^totoaness, Ac. 

Ad tiV^S «• w» Sanskrit AdL Begin- 
ning, commencement, starting point; first, 
prior, primary, primcBval : — ad-ant, «. m. 
The first and the last ; the beginning and 
the end ; from head to foot ; throughout : 
— ddjugddy a. From eternity ; eternal 
(an attribute of God) : — ddpurkh, s. m. 
A title of God ; the first cause ; the First 

Ap tiV^ s, /. A garden aqueduct ; a 

screen, shelter, protection ; crookedness, 
a line across the forehead : — dd khdlf^d 
or akhdlatkj v, a. To clear the watercourse. 

ADA >M^»./. (P.) Grace, beauty; 

elegance ; graceful manifer ; charm, fasci- 
nation ; amorous signs and gestures ; 
blandishments, coquetry; habit; — (A.) 
The act of bringing to completion ; ac- 
complishment, performance, (of obliga- 
tions) ; fulfilment ; payment or discharge 
(of debts) : — €tdd hojdnd or hoftd, ». n. To 
be paid, to be discharged ^of a debt), to 
be fulfilled (an obligation): — addkarnd, 
r. a. To pay, to liquidate, to discharge, 
to fulfil, to perform, (spoken of debts 
and obligations) ; to coquet : — add pat 
jdf^i, orpaifiif v, n. The forming of a 

Ada y>f'^' 9. m. Protection, shelter. 

ADAB >M^^ »• w. (A.) Respect, de- 
ference, honour; discipline, training; good 
manners; courtesy, politeness ; urbanity ; 
— adah kanid, v. o. To respect, to behave 

ADAL W^ISS «• ^' (^') Justice, equity, 
rectitude; c. ta, karnd. 

ADAL yMT^35 «• Corrupted from the 

Arabic word AdtL Just, equitable, up- 
right, sincere. 

ADALAT WtJ'ftsf *• /• C^) Justice, 
law, equity ; a court of law, justice or 
judicature; a tribunal, bench: — addlat 
gharj s. m. A court-house : — addlat kamd, 
V. n. To administer or dispense justice, 
to exercise judicial powers ; to judge, to 
try a suit at law. 


( 8 ) 


APH we *. f' (M.) A main irriga- 
tion channel. 

ADHAK >MIIor a. Sanskrit Adhik. 

More, greater, abandant, excesBive, ad- 
ditional, augmented; — ad. Exceedingly, 
abundantly ; greatly, very ; in ezcesa (of), 
too much; too great ; over and above; in 
addition to; besides; — #. /. A diacritical 
mark ( — ) placed over the left side of a 
letter to denote a reduplication of sound : 
— adhakkot^^ *, /. (in geom.) An obtuse 
angle ; c. to, adJiak kamd. 

ADHAM rUTJH a. (8.) Mean, vile, con- 
temptible ; very low; inferior ; low, hum- 
bio, wretched; — *. t?i. Alow pei*8on ; a 
vile wretch; the meanest or most un- 
worthy person ; a great sinner, offender*: — 
adham ttdhdrati^ t . m. An epithet of the 
Deity (as He who gives support or sal- 
vation to the lowest and most unworthy.) 

ADHAN >MXn?J ) *. m. (S.) Pregnancy* 

A DHAN W^TS ) conception:— yar6A 

adhdi^ s, m, A ceremony performed on 
the first indication of pregnancy ; one 
of the $a^9kdr9 or essential rites of 

ADHAtt nfrrg 

AdhAr ti{rqt^ 

^ 9. m. 
3 alim< 

(H.) Food, 
aliment, victuals'; 

6uppoi*t, nourishment, taking a light 
ivpast; satisfaction, comfortable state of 
mind, assurance, sufficiency: — ik pal di 
sharmii^dgi sdre din dd adhdr, A moment*s 
shame, a day*s focM.!, i. e., by shameless- 
ly demanding food for a moment, one 
gets his nourishment for a whole day, 
(a sarcasm on the shameless) ; a patron, 
a supporter ; c. ir, ^)tl^ 

ADHARM nnTcTH s. m, (S.) Jrreli- 

gion, unrighteousness ; impiety ; crime, 
sin, immoi*idity, wickedness, iniquity, in- 

ADUARMf nmcnft 

«,/. I An irre- 
». m. J ligious 

or wicked person; — a. Unrighteous, im- 
pious; immoi'al, iniquitous, sinful, un- 
just, heartless, cruel ; deprived of caste. 

ADHARMTAf WraWHT:^ ^. f. 

Unrighteousness, wickedness, <&c. 

ADHELA W^JS' «. fn. (M.) Half a pice. 

ADHEIK m^'S s. {H.) Middle aged, 

just past the prime of life, (applied most 
frequently to women). 

ADHf nnrft*./. A half. 

ADHIL m^ftlSS *./. (M.) A half, a 
share in a well. 

ADHfgf Wxffe I a. (8.) Humble, 

AOHftiT Wmi5 ) subject, submissive, 

obedient, dependent, obsequious, docile* 
meek, lowly : — -par adhiii sufye sukh ndh' 
One dependent upon another is not happy 
even in dream. 

ADHft?TAf nrtteH^ «. /. (S.) 

Humility, subjection, obedience, depeiu 
dence, obsequiousness, submissiveness, 
meekness, servility. 

ADHKAR YM^o^ld *• «*• C^) Cor- 
ruption of the Sanskrit word Adhikdr, 
Authority, power ; jurisdiction, rule, ex- 
tent of dominion, a kingdom, office, appoint- 
ment, possession, pixjprietorship; inheri- 
tance; right, title, privilege : — adkdrdefkd^ 
r. a. To give authority (to), to authorize ; 
to invest with power or authority ; to con- 
fer a right; to appoint: — adhkdr rakkhf^d^ 
r. rt. To have authority ; to have aright or 
claim ; to hold an office or appointment: — 
adhkdr kamd, r. n. To exercise authoritv, 
to administer, to go vera, rule, control, 
dc. : — adhkdr mi/fia, v. a. To obtain an 
office or appointment, to be invested with 
power or authority, to obtain a title. 


adhkAra^j y MMot'dA «. /. ) 

ADHKARf ndToH^ *. m.) 

ed from the Sanskint woi-d AdhikdH. A 
proprietor, sovereign, ruler, an owner, one 
possessing authority (»\bsolute or derived), 
right, title, privilege; one empowered; 
heir, agent. 


( 9 ) 


». / {M.) A 

ADHLlPl >>fXTa5"Vr 

ADHLOPI Wtn^lft J by which 

A person becomes owner of half a well and 
h*if of an estate ; e. g. : — A sinks, ei well 
ia B's land, clears the jungle, and brings 
the land under cultivation. A becomes pro- 
prit^bor of h:ilf the land and B of half the 
well The estate, consisting of the well 
and land attached^ becomes the property 
of A and B in equal shares. A is said to 
take and B to give adhldpL Sometimes 
(especially in lands near rivers, where 
wells are not necessary) clearing the 
juDgle and bringing the laud under 
cultivation confer proprietorship of half 
or lew, though a well is not sunk. 

ADHMUL y^fWrrSS s. m. Noise, up- 
roar, distur^iance j e. to. machdund or 

ADHRAS »{XTarW 9, m. A kind of 
thin cotton cloth. 


«. m. Night- 

ADHSALI »fTTJr^ t. m. (K.) A 
person taking the landlord's share of 
grain and paying half the revenue. 

ADHURA Wygr a. (H.) Half ready, 
half done, half dressed, immature (as a 
foetus, ifec.) ; unfinished, defective ; weak, 
feeble ; helpless ; c. tc, adhurd kamd or 

iOHNl »r 'gA' «. a. {M.) To 

mb, to shampoo (the abdomen with 
sil, «kc.) 

ADHORAN >>m^?y ) I,, a. To un- 

ADHORNA Wi^giyi" i stitch, rip, 

ADHRiJ nfTTHnr ». m. Sanskrit 

adhirflj, A sovereign, an emperor, a 
superior lord, a suzerain, lord para- 
mount : — mnhdrdj Adhrdj, b. m. King of 
kings, emperor. 

ADHRAK y^fCT^TSC «. w. Corrupted 
from the Hindi word adrak. Fresh or 
Dudried ginger : — bandar hi jane adkrak 
dh iavad. What does the monkey know 
of the taste of ginger, viz., a low person 
caonot appreciate a noble sentiment. 

ADHRA5IG >H U3 ' a r 8. m. Sanskrit 
<idkang. Palsy, paralysis, hemiplegy. 

ADHRANGGAN >>f W3j rS «/ 

ADHRANQGI WXT^'ifrl' s. m. 

{B.) One vho is struck with the palsy, 
a paralytic. 

ADHUT yx^s 


». m. 



9-/. ) rupted 
from the Hindi word AbdkuL See 

) $, m. 

ADHUAFi »rgr»f^ 

ADHWAIJ nnr^^ J $. m. The 
half of a thing, generally applied to a 
bottle of small size ; one side of leather, 
or a piece of cloth. 

ADHYARA >lfTTCrBT ,^ ^. 

Addhydrd in Adah. 


ADIST WT^WS" «. Sanskrit adrithL 

Invisible, unseen ; — s. m. Unforeseen dan- 
ger, fortune, fate. 

APITTH >H f «} 6 «. ^, not. dUh, 
Invisible, unseen ; L q. AndiUh, 


ADKAR y>i^6L'3 «. m. Corrupted 

from the Hindi word adrak. Fresh 
ginger ; i. q. Adhrak. 

ADLA BADLA >>f^ar 9 ti d&'l »• m. 

ADLI BADLI W'S^ H^?^ *• / 

(//.) Exchange, alteration : — adli hadli 
karnn, v. a. To exchange, to barter, to 
confuse, displace : — adld badli karnd, 
adal da badal karna, adld badld laxjid^ v, 
a. To take revenge ; «. 9. A dal badaL 

ADLI >H viwi «. Jtt8tr equitable, up- 
right See AddlalL 


( JO ) 



APLUN Wgr^^ #. »». {M.) The 

reservoir or hole into which water from 
a well falls out of the nudr before pass- 
ing into the dd or watercourse. Also 
called kJia4d or olu. 

ADMl »*«"^WV f. m. (J.) A de- 

•oendant of Adata ; a human being 
(man or woman), individual^ people : — 
ddmi annj dd kird hai. Man is the worm 
of grain, vtV, man -oannot live without 
food, or is wholly dependent upon nourish- 
ment and food ; adult ; a sensible, or honest 
man : — ddr/ti nahin mildd. An honest 
man is scarce \ servant, attendant ; — tern 
ddmi kitthe hai t Where is your servant ? 
— ndmi bandund, v. a. To humanize, 
civilize ; to teach manners : — adtrU hond or 
hcjdud, V, n. To become a man, attain to 
manhood ; to become civilized, learn man- 
ners, &c. 

ADNA W'S'TST a. (A,) Inferior, little, 

low, mean ; u person of no consequence : — 
€uind iambarddr, a. m. Inferior lambardur 
(headman of a village) : — adnd mdlak^ s. m. 
Inferior proprietor. 

ApOL 'W^TS a. (ff) Immovable, 
fixed, unshaken ; steady 

ADRAK >>r^cfa' «. rn. (U.) Fresh 
gingt*r ; i. ^. Adhrak, 

ADRAS W'H'Hfl' 9. m. A kind of 
cloth ; lining of the cloth. See Aadrai, 

ADR ASS A >>f^3'W»' 9. m. A kind 

of sweetmeat made of rice, flour and 
sugar. See Andramd. 

ADUAIN »f^>>fr%S ^ «./ (ff.) 
ADWAIN l^^^rftr^ V A bed 

ADWAN »f^^rS J cord, a 

cord inserted in the foot of a bedstead 
to ti<;!:hten the bottom ; i. q. Dan^ or 

ADUL y>t^VS s. m, (A.) Declining, re- 
fusing, disobeying : — adul hukmi or kukain 
adwu 9, /. Disobedience to a positive 
order, rooedinjr, deserting, returning : — 
<w/w/ hukam hojnnd or honn, v. n. To be 
refused, to be rejected, to be disobeyed :— 
adui hukam kamdy t. a. To refuse, to 
reject, to disobey. 

AFAT WS^gr f. f. Corrupted from 
the Arabic woid dfdi (pi. of dfat). Erils, 
calamities, misfortunes, dangers ; Satan, 
devil, evil spirit, mischievous imp. 

AFAT >H'^53' {A.) EvU, calamity, 

misfortune, danger ; trouble, difficulty, 
disaster ; pest, plague: — q/at vichch phas- 
5 a or phat-jdndy v. n. To be involved iu 
misfortune, trouble ; to be overwhelmed, 
with misery, affliction, Ac. ; to be en- 
tangled in difficulties i—afat dund, v. t». 
To be overtaken by any calamity ; to be 
smitten by Divine wrath. 

AFTM >lfafhf 9. f. (ff,) Corruption 

of the Sanskrit word ahiphen. Opium : — 
afim dendy v. a. To giv* opium ; to 
poiiion, kill by poison. 

AFIM AN rx'^hr^s •. f- 

AFIMI >HlsHft 9, m: 

iff.) Aa 






(SO called by the Arabs), the renowned 
Greek philosopher ; an epithet npplieii 
to a boaster : — AJlntun dd bachehd, 9. m. 
A person of overweening pride ; an arix>- 
gant, disdainful man. 


Insurrection, confusion, revolution, con- 
sternation, alarm ; c. w. paiuL 

a. Surplus, 

superfluous ; 




AFROTN >>f <g3t/i' ' 

AFRI »f3^ 

AFRiN rn^Bht 


intj. Corrupted 
' from the Persian 
word d/rin. Bravo I 

well done ; — f. m. Praise, applause ; c. w, 

^'■" ^' 

iz. nt '.r*. 


h -m . 


( n ) 




AFSOS >>f3^7r r m. {P.) Sorrow, 

kmeotation, concern, vexation, grief, 
r<?gret ;'>t/i4;. Ah ! alas ! ah me ! what a 
pity ! : — a/^os dund^ karnd^ khdtid, v. n. 
To fe«l regret, sorrow, to regret, to grieve, 
sorrow, sigh, to lament, bemoan ; to take 
ta heart ; to express sorrow or regret 
(for) ; to feel or express pitj (for). 

iFTABi l^ H'tf^'U ' «' rn. (M.) A 

water jag of brass or copper with a 

iFWAH y>rs^?^ ) (pi- o^ A^^» 

lu. months.) Humour, doubtful news, 
fame, report : — afwdJi uddniy v. n. To- be 
fcpread (rumour). 

AQ >>f '"3r ». w. or / The tape of 
the sngarc^De ; fire. 

AG AD >>r3rC "' ^' Corrupted from 

tiie Arabic word a*qd. A knot ; the 
mt&rnage knot, m^^rriage ; a compact, 
agreement ; i. q. Aakd. 

AGiDH lllcfPM a. {S) Fotfeomless, 
unfathomable, very deep: — w^am agadh 
par brahm so ; jo jo koKe $o muktd ho. 
Uoattainable, uufathomable is that su- 
preme Brail m ; whoever utters (his name) 
is emancipated. 

AGiHAN l>|dl'J> ad. Before, forward, 
ahead, ix> front. Also Gdhdii. 

AGAL BAGAL>H3raf ^STSTHS ad'. (Hj 
AsiJe, from side to side, near at hand, 
ftt one's side : — agal bagal rakkhud, v. a. 
To put one aside or awaj, put on one side. 

AGAM y^CBTU a. fS.) ImpassabFe, in 

ftcceflsible, imp>erviou9, bottomless, deep, 
uafordable, ttimccomplishable, incoinpre- 
Leasible ; nu limited, unbounded. 

AGAMM >>f3r>r •. m. Sanskrit agam. 

Piitority, secrecy, something unknown, 
sfature event; a Hiiida Scripture dic- 
tated by Mabadevd ;. a shastra contain- 
ing spells and incantations ; a shastrd 
or work on occult science; in (law) a 
voucher or docuinent : — agamm bdchchvd 
or vtfcAcAnd, v. n. To determine the future, 
W> foretell, to prophesy : — agamm baktd 
or vakid^ i. m. Foreteller, predictor ; 

one who tells the doctrines of aycmiin : — 
aggam biddyd or viddyd^ ». /. The art 
or science of foretelling : — agamm giydfti- 
8. m. The knowledge of secret and future- 
events : — agamm giydnan or giydm^ ». /> 
or m. A prophet or prophetess ; one who- 
knows or predicts future- eveulu, a progs- 

AG AN >>r3fra » / (^.) Sanskrit agni. 
Fire ; the fire of thtj stomach ; the diges- 
tive faculty,. appetite : — agan b'dn^ 9. m. A 
kind of firowork, a ffre arrow ; a terra in 
astrology : — Agan-boi, t. m. A steamer : — 
agan horn' or kotar, «. m. Sacritiet by fire, 
burnt sacrifices, offering, oblations to fire :. 
— agan kund, t. m. Fire pit, a hollow 
for kindling fire in. 

AGAN y^rsfi conj. But; nevertfaalaia. 

AGANH >>f3rf\J ) ad Before, forward, 

AGANH AN>>f3r^^ ) in front i-^A^df^h- 
hondf V. n. To go before, to go on; to* 
go away; i.q. AgohAit^ 

AG A NT >>fafra?3r a* Sanskrit agii^i. 
Innumerable, incalculable. 

AGAR nrarg* t. m. (£r.) Sanakril 
agura$. Aloe- wood, a kind of fragrant^ 

AGAR BAGAR^ "WaiH" 9dl|?( 


$. m. 


Trifling employment or talk, trifles,, 
trash \r—a. Promiscuous ; compgaed o^ 
odds and ends ; mixed. 

AGARE nrijr'^ ad. Before, ahead; 

AGAFII >>rar^ «. / {H.) Tha rope or 

cliain used for tying a horses's head or 
forefeet ; the front ; the forepart ; fora-. 
feet; — ad. Before, forward, in froBt, 
onward ; further on ; — agdri pickhd^h *•/• 
The front and heel ropes with which a 
horse is fastened. 

AGAS >>fHr''^ «. m* Corrupted from' 

the Sanskrit word dltat. The sky, the 
firmament, the heavens ; space ; air ; the 
fifth element of the Hindus, more subtla 
than air, Kther :— oydir-fta/, «./ The nam* 
of a vine or creeper {Ciucuta rtJUasa) that 
grows on trees not having its roots in the 
ground. For further uiformation see Akd». 


( 12 ) 


A6 AST y^rSnrS «• *». a thing formed 
of paper, somewhat after the fashion of 
an umbrella, and turned constantly over 
the head of a bridegroom, as part of the 
marriage ceremony ; i. q. Sargast. 

AOAT Wr^rar «. /. {S) ' Sanskrit 
dgati. Coming, arrival, income ; attention, 
kind treatment, entertainoent, courtesy, 
respect, consideration : — dgat bhagaty s.f. 
Attention, a kind reception, entertain- 
ment: — ngat hhdqai karnd or harni^ v. a. 
To entertain, to show attention, (a 
friend) : — dgat hona, v, n. To be 
received : — dgat kamd, v. a. To receive 
(money &c.): — a^jfat paindy v. n. To be 
acceptable (a present, &c.) 

AQiU »I^F§ \ 8,m.{H.)A fore- 
AOAlflJ mnn*^'*) runner, a leader, 

a guide ; — a. Going before, pre- 
Tioufi, prior ; — ad. Beforehand, in ad- 
▼aaoe, before : — agdu jdnd^ v, n. To go 
before, to go out to meet or receive any 
one : — agdu dendt v. n. To give in ad- 
vance, to give 8is an earnest. 

AGE l»|rat ad. (H.) See Agge. 

AGEOB PIGHHEQE lilfitd' fWSli' 

ad. See Aggaf pichchhar or Agge pichehhe 
in Agg€, 

AGERE >>rol'^ A<^ Before, in front 

AOET wits* 9^ / Doing a thing 
before the proper time. 

AGETA W^ty ) a. Being before 

AQETARE >HSt3% ) *^« proper time ; 


AGO >>rSr 9' f' Corrupted from the 
Hindi word ag. Sanskrit agni. Fire, 
flame ; heat, excessive heat ; (met.) anger, 
passion j love, lust, hatred, jealousy ; 
intense hunger ;— a. Very hot, irritable, 
sharp, quick ; scarce and dear ; high- 
priced {agg de mull or bhd) : — agg bhabold 
k6Hd^ ». «. (Corrupted from ag babuld 
ko^i ) To be enraged : — agg bhakhdund 
or' ^^iund, v. a. To inflame; to 
excite sedition; to foment quarrel clan- 
destinely : — agg bharkand, r n. To be 
stirred, blown or kindled (fire); to be 
inflamed, excited, roused : — agg bhar- 

kdu7id. or bdlnd, v. a. To inflame ; stim- 
ulate, excite : — agg bujhdnd or btcjhdti7idf 
V. a. To extinguish a fire ; to quench 
one's thirst, satisfy hunger, lust, appetite, 
fbc. ; to appease a tumult, to settle a 
quarrel, to still resentment : — agff bujhna^ 
V. n. To be put out (fire), to b« 
quenched or satisfied (thirst or hanger, 
&c.) : — ayg dend, v. a. To apply the fire, 
to burn a Hindu corpse : — agg lagdun , 
V, a. To apply fire (to), set on fire ; to 
burn, consume ; to kindle the fire of 
strife, sow dissension, make mischief, 
cause a quarrel, create a disturbance ; to 
infiame, to excite, cnragje : — agg laggnd^ 
V. n. To take fire, to be enraged, to be 
very hungry ; — agg lain nun dttnd^ v.-n. 
To come to get fire, spoken of a friend 
who goes to visit another, and leaves 
him quickly : — agg lain dund^ ghar tvdli 
ban-bailhndj v. n. To come to get fire and 
become owner of the house ; it is said of a 
person who gets possession of anything 
without any kind of privilege and rights 
or it is said of a person who comes 
for a certain purpose, and becomes 
successful in another, or of a person, who 
comes to take a part of a thing, and 
becomes the owner of the whole : — agg id 
he pdni nun bhajjndj v. a, (lit. to set on 
fire and run for water.) To play tricks, to 
deceive ; to pretead to appease a quarrel, 
which one has purposely excited ; — agg 
Id tamdahd dekhnd or vekhnd^ v. a. (Lit. 
to set fire to a house and enjoy the sight.) 
To raise disturbance, foment a quarrel 
or do mischief simply to enjoy the fun : — 
agg Idund^ v. a. To set fire to, to 
inflame ; to enrage, to raise disturbance : 
— a«7p paindt v, n. To be very hot, to 
feel the burning (of heat, grief, hunger, 
&o.) : — agg pdni dd vair hand, v. n. 
To be completely antagonistic as fire and 
water are ; natural antaconisra, mortal 
enmity : — agg phuknd or phuke jdnd, v. n. 
To feel great heat (in the stomach) to 
be greatly excited, enraged, transported 
with rage : — agg nun phuk mdrnd^ v. a. 
To blow or stir the fire ; to blow the 
coals : — agg varhnn^ v. n. To raia fire, 
(applied to the extreme heat of the sun 
or to a hot fire of canon or musketry in 
battle) : — agq vichch pdni pdund^ v. a. Sa 
agg bujhdnd. 

AGQ A >>r3F «. w. The front ; fore part; 

foreground ; t^s front (of the body) ; the 
private parts (of the body); the first 


( 13 ) 


charge or assault ; the future ; the titDe 

to come, the morrow, hereafter : — a^gd 

hkcri hond^ v. n. (lit. ts be heavy in front. ) 

To bo pregnant : — aggd bhori karnot 

V, a. To commit sins : — aggd dhaknd, 

«. <*. To cover the private parts of the 

hodj: — aggd mdrd jdnn, v. «. To have no 

descendant in future : — aggd mdmd, v. a. 

To attack or strike in front : — aggd 

pickchhdy a. m. The private parts of tlie 

bod^ ; the cloth forming the fore and back 

part of a jnmd from tlie neck to the 

waist: — aggd pichckhd dekhnd or vekhiid, 

«L a. To look before aud after ; look all 

iroQad ; to be careful or cautiods : — aggd 

piekchhd 9oehnd, v, n. To think about, 

deliberate, consider : — aggd raur pickchhd 

^ukur. Fast run fast lose, (the more 

haste the leas speed). 

AGGALWlNQHI l^dTS^^l WV ad. 
Before, from before. 

AGGAR >>i'§rS 9' nu (5.) The forepart 
of a thing ; — a. Prior, first. 

AGGAR PICHCHHAiet>H^^tirarg[ ad. 
Before and after. 

AGGE >>f di ad. Corrupted from the 

Hindi word dge. Before, in front, in the 
presence of, confronting ; opposite, facing ; 
in Tiew, in sight ; in the time ; in 
advance ; foremost ; fore, beyond, onward, 
farther, farther on, more, more than 
this ; in farther ; next in time or place, 
there, afterwards; thereupon, after that; 
formerly, in former times; already ; — 
^ep. Before, beyond : — agge agge, ad. 
(emphat. of agge.) In advance, before ; 
ahead, later on, by and by, hereafter ; — 
agge dundy v. n. To como forward, come 
io sight ; to advance, approach, draw near ; 
to confront, face, defy, challenge ; to come 
between, to interfere ; to come to pass, 
happen, occar, befall, betide, to come 
upon (rctributively) ; to reap what one 
has sown ; to come to light, be discovered, 
— aigge dhar laindy v. n. To get before, 
to place, Hy or put before ; to cause (one) 
to go before, keep (one) in sight ; to put 
forward ; to outstrip, to surpass, to pass 
(as a horse > in a race) : — agge hond, 
». fv To go before, advance : — agge 
lamn, v. n. To bring forward ; set 
forth ; to place, sit or lay before one, to 
pfeaeat :— a^^« Idund^ v. a. To bring 
forward, advance, to bring before : — af;ge 

lagg ckallnd, v. n. To go before, to be 
defeated :—agge nMalnd or nikal jdxkd, 
V. a. To pass, or go before, to pass one : 
— ogge pichchke, ad. One after another, 
successively, in succession, in a line ; be- 
fore and behind ; front and near ; in the 

absence of ; behind ; one's back ; again : 

agge pichchhe challnd, v, n. To move in 
a line or row ; to follow one after the 
other i—agge rakkhnd, or sulf laind^ v. a. 
To throw OTie under, to subdue, to place 
or lay before ',—agge ton halnd, v, n. To 
give way, go back i—agge v'adh jdnd, or 
vadhrid, v. n. To go before, advance, go 
forward, ahead, to go forward to meet 
and escort a visitor ; surpass, exceed • 
to challenge :^-agge vekh he ehallnd, v, n! 
To walk looking before; to go with the 
eyes open ; to be careful .--agge vekhnd, 
V, 7L To look before, keep the eyes open) 
take oare ; to look the future. 

AGGION »ffgi€^) ad. Beforehand, 

AGGOif >>rr3t^ ) before ; previously; 

in anticipation ; from before. 

IGGYA ^fiirwr s. / (S.) A command, 
order, instruction, direction; permission, 
leave ; authority, edict '.--aggyd bhang, g,f. 
Disobedience, insubordination i^dggpd 

kdr, a. Subject, obedient to orders : 

dggyd kdrl, a. f. Obedience i-^dggyd 
karnd, v. a. To give orders, to com- 
mand; to instruct, direct, to permit, 
allow i—dggyd man, a. Subject, obedient 
to orders :—dggyd man-nd or vichch rahnd, 
r, n. To obey, submit :—dggyd pdlnd^ v[ 
n. To continue to obey orders for a 
length of time i—dggyd patrd, i. m. 
Written order or authority, warrant, 
edict '.-^dggyd vichch Idund, v. a. To 
bring under authority ; control, to obey : 
— dggyd vichch rakkhnd, v. a. To keep 
under authority, t. q. Aqyd, 

AGGYAN >H5i UPTT ». m (S.) Igno- 
rance, especially ignorance of divine things; 
foolishness, folly, stupidity. 

a. m. ) 



An ignorant person, one who has not 
the knowledge of God ;— a. Unknowing, 
foolish, thoughtless, inconsiderate; i. q. 


( T* ) 


Ignoranoe, fooHtthiiess, folly. 


AOH >>f »*r f. m. (M,) The price current, 

the ixuirkei price : — agh bkannan^ v, n. 
To fix (lit. to Wreak) the price current : — 
kan^tk kii/,% agh bhanni A<ct? Wiiat was 
the price fixed for wheat t — Of/h mdrndi 
V. a. To reduce the ourreut price. 

AOHALAN >>{UfT^ps^ UM.)v, a. To 

Ha (ig aland, 

AOHAftA DUOHFtA »f «Vafr ^'^'^T 

a. Fat, partly rough, utiseemly. 

AOHAIJ^N y>f^V^S «. / A high- 
minded woman, one jealous of her honour, 

AOHAM >>r^'^l' «. «»• A person of 
high spirit, one jealous of his honour. 

AGHAftPUNA nVV^TJ^ «. m. High- 
miudedness, jealousy of one's honour. 

AGH A WAN >>|«rn?7S' v. a. (AT.) To 

fetch a good price. From a^A, the price 
current : — jaindi khari aghdve un kui} 
h^r karan ndl kiyd Aatf Why should 
he whose standing crop sells well trouble 
himself to prepare heaps of cleaned corn ] 
— Froverb, 

AQLA >>{dld&' a, ^//.j Prior, preceding, 

former, the formost, the first, late, re- 
cent ; old, belonging to a piist age or 
time; other, second, next, coming. 

AQLERA 'WSrS^'S^ a. (The month) 
After tho next, more, additional 

AQLERI >>f ar^^t a. F^in. of A^Urd 

AGLI nr^rst a. Fem. of Agld. 

AGLI war 35^ s, f. (M.) A piece cut 
from an arundinaceous plant, like sugar- 
CAut or joiAir, from one knot to another, 
for eating. 

AQMAN "WBTinTSr t. »». One who 
goes before. « guide. 

AOOOHAR >HStdd a. (S.) Impei-cepti- 

ble, unseen, unknown, invisible ; independ- 
ent (Supreme Being). 

AGOLNA >>f at A A'' V. a. Corrupted 

from the Hindi word agwnd. To watch ; 
take care of. 

A(?RAHEJANA l ^/ai d ' D »4' <&' «- «• 

To be seized, to be hindered, to be enooiu- 
passed with trouble or debt. 

AGRAHUNA »f aid'0&« v. a. To get 

before and hinder one's progresft, to- 
prevent^ to press a demand (especially iu 
case of debt), to seize. 

AGUAM »AGI?AM »faTa>f Ud l ^H 

s* 77*. Trilling employment, or talk ; 
trifles, trash ; i. q^ Agar bagar. 

AQU l^rgr *. m. {H.ykguid; leader ;— 

ad. Forward, before, ahead, heretofore :* 
— agti paind or laind, v. n. To go before 
to flatter, to wheedle. 

AGWAHA »f3r?r;r I t. m. A guide, 
AG WAN »fm^n!^ I a leader. 

AG\VA»A »f3r^^'" •. m, )(££.) The 

AGWAl.lI >H3r;?^l I. / 1^ front, the 
fore part ; the space in front of a house ; 
a guide i—agurdri bhannatii or laiui^ v. a. 
To gnash, to show the teeth (an a tiger) ; 
to gape, to yawn. 

AGYAN >>farCT^75r «. w. (SJ see 


AGYANI >rt dl W ft! « m. (H.) See 


AH l>nr pvn. This. 

kViy^^i. /. (P.) A sigb :— iA *arfU 

khdnU mdrnt^ v. a. To si^h : — ad. Yes ; 
— iatj. Alas ! ; — pron. This. 

AFfA WTjr V. n. {Jf.) "Was" is the 

third person singular and masouUae of an 
aorist of a substantive verb the rest of 
which is lost : — sayad dhd mukhtdr tihdn 
vichch pesh AU Gohar de. The Say ad 
was agent for them in AU Qohar's 
presence. Story of Saifal : — /«AcAi dhi 
lak ku'} nikal gdwb. She wished for a 
slim waist, but a pot belly came. — Pro- 
verb; i. q. Sdf Si from Aond. 




( 15 ) 


AHl AHA >Hvr **W^ I *"&• I^rayo ! 
AHAHA >»{jrjl j W«ll done ! 

AHAJAHA ^>>fU'" TTtr r^cwi. (Used 
chkflj in the plur.) Such like. 

IHAL y>P^3rSS 9- 9n, {M.) Manure ; c. w. 

AHALI nfU^ s./. (M.) The price 

paid to a ahepherd for totlieririg his sheep 
or goata in a field during the niglit 
in order to manure it. The ushr4 rate 
per night is one pan ( >- J sat»r) of wheat 
per tcora of sheep or goats ; a village' 

AHiLI >l4J>dl^ A m. (Af.) The bul- 
lock which carries the scavenger's mack. 

AHlN y>(U^ ad. (H.)A,not hdn, yes. 
No don't / — intj. O ! hoaiken ! not so ! on 
ne accoant ! by no means ! 

IHAK WOiS «. w». ot/. Hail :—n7ran 
fHiintt V. ». To hail ; t. q. Ahi^, or Aihan^ 

AHANGKAR »|3blld »• «»• f^/) Pride, 
egotism, conceit, arrogance, haughtiness \ 
i, q. Hankdr. 

AHANGKARAN 'W^'dC^'S 9, / ) 

AHANGKARl VX^oCr^ s. .^, f 
(H). Proud, conceited, arrogant, haughty 
person ; an egotist ; i, q. HankoraUy 

AHAR y^xJ^'d «• •"• Sanskrit word dhar. 
Aliment, food, victuals ; provision, suste- 
nance : — aJ^nr kan^a, v. n. To dine ; eat ; 
make a meal. 

AHAR ^H'vicf •• ^' Occupation, en- 
gagement, effort^ exertion, continuance ; 
care, anxiety ; stooping of one end of a 
bag, or sack throw u over a beast of 

IHARI >>|'UaT 9. m. An anxious or 
engaged person. 

AHARI >H\]>dt »• ^*. (^0 Ono ^^^ 
eats ; — €k ahdri, s, m. One who eats once 
a day : — ek ah art sndd harti ek nnri iadd 
jfttL He who takes food once a day is 


always considered to deserve the merit of 
observing a religious fast, and he who is 
true to one wife always deserves the merit 
of a celibate. 

AHBHU >H'U«| '\j. m. Unripe wheat 

A H BU WTJET >or barley half roaat- 

AHBU l>rTf Jed in the ear :— 
dhbu karnd^ v. n. To roast dec. ; i. q, Abku.. 

AH I) A >>{U3^ \ 9, TO. Conflict, quar- 

AHpA WJeJ"" f relling, opposition, 
hostility, animosity, enmity. 

AHE >>rd' V. n. (if.) "Were"— the 

third person plural masculine of an aorist 
of a substantive verb the rest of which is 

AHT »rTlt V. n. (if.) ** She was "—See 


#. m. 

AHiTAHi nrftn^ 
AHiATAHiA i^iftnr 3zft>>r 

». f. A phrase used to denote the privi- 
ties of the sexes or rather as pointing at 
them, (language of abuse). 


AHIN WZft' t. / (i/) " They were" 

the third person plural and feminine of 

an aorist of a substantive verb the rest of 
whicb is lost. 


r / A locust ; small 



f. Laziness, 


AHLAK>>f'J35oC j negligence, 
lence, sluggishness, 

AHLAK AN »r7 g<Ad f. A ^"^' '^' 
AHLAKAN » ^ ' J<H>olg i/l ^^^•^*' 
AHLAKl >>fU?5ofl' f. m. | sluggish 

AHLAKI >M^^crt #. m. J person; 

a sluggard. 

AHLANA »|«UW^ s. w. A bir4*i nest. 


( 16 ) 


A man belonging to u particular tribe of 
Sikhs ; a native of Ahliiwdl in the Kapur- 
thald State ; the family designation of 
thtf Kaja of Kapurthala. 

AHMAD nfUVre* ». m. U.) The 
namft of Muhammad the prophet of Islam. 


Opposite each other, mutually opposite. 

U'QHTSQ* «€?. From the opposite side. 


a. Opposite each other, mutually opposite. 

AHNA >>1'JS>' V. «. To say. 
A HO y^^ ad. Yes. 




anvil ; a locust. 

AHBAT nrUlT^ ) «• f- Corrupted from 

AHRAT l^fJc^d ) tlie Hindi word 
<lr«<. Partnership iu trade, selling goods 
oa commission, percenUge ; mutual deal- 
ing, connection, agency. 

AHRATAN »IJc!(:^«& 
AHRiTAN >>rU^3^ 
AHftATI 1/i(UW^ 
AH RATI >H«J5*^ 

AH?t ATU nfU?r^hH»' 

i. m. 


AIBAN ■W53' «. /^ I A faulty, Tioious, 

AIBI WHt «. tn. ) blame- worthy, 

immoral person; a ^lerson of bad character; 
— a. Faulty, immoral, vicious. 

AiP 'wS* a. So large, so great. 




A partner in trade, one who sells on cora- 
missien, one who has dealings of any sort 
with another. 

AHTARAFI>H» Jdd"<il «• / {^) ^ 
tax on shopkeepers 

!a. Of this 
height, of 
this size, 
so large, 
of such an age. 

AIDHAR '^hrSr ad. Here, hither, this 


AIDHARDIN iShTH^ ^ ad. By 
AIDH ARDION n^WdPtiG* \ thii ^ay, 


byway of 
this place. 

ad. Hence, henceforth, 

from this, from this 

AHULA l>f'3W «. m. A ooond 

openining in a fire-place on which an 
extra pot may be set ; i. q. AuJild, 


AHULAHNA >MnJ35U^ v. n. To be 


destroyed, te be wasted, to be spoiled. 
AHULAHUNA1^«J<»"J4« v. a. To 

8 ^ 

destroy, to waste, to spoil, 

AHUH >>ry^ s.f, (Af.) Mustard ;f.y. 

AI yii intj. ! (used in address or calling 

out to one) ; — pron. These \ ». q. Eh. 
AT #. /. Death, calamity : — di chaldit a. /. 
Receipts and disbursements. 

AIB "^^ 8, m. (A.) Fault, defect, a 

vice, blemish, sin, disgrace, infamy : — 
aib lagdundf v. a. To impute fault, to find 
fault with; to speak ill of; decry: — aib 
kaddhand or vekhna. v. a. To find fault 
with, to pick out faults : — aib ddr^ a. 
Immoral, faulty, unprincipled. 


( 17 ) 


AIHRAN ^OdA« /• ^ blacksmith's 


All 1?|^ prcH. Tbese rery, the same, 
pnlv thei^e:— au an, *. /. The act of grin- 


Ai5 >lf aJ. Thus, in this way. 

AIN WS « >»• Holfs in bottom of a pold 
cr 64a. o/i6 to let grain out. 

AIN >MS P**^- ^®» *^^' ^* ^ ^- ^- ^ "' ' — 
a. ExHct ;— od Exactly, quite;— «. in. 
i.Wffin Dudh) Summer and winter, solsti- 

rial ^lay. 


©'., g. y. Supplications, beseeching ; c, w. 

irSAK l^teof •. f' Spectacles, glasses 
tfi assist the sight. 
TXAN iSfer T a. So Much, this 

}ad. By this way, 
by way of this. 

AIN'S l5fW "1 «. «• Corrupted from 
AINSH ^fjf J the Arabic word Aish. 

?l#«aare, delight, joy, happiness ; luxury, 
inimft] satisfaction ; sexual intercourse ; c. 
V. kamA, manduna. 

ilNBTON nffe^" 

. f, A coil, a twist, 
convolution, a wrench, 


AiNTH rvrs 

itiffness ; obstinacy, pride, arroppance, 
tffeftation, cramp, self-importance, airs, 
strut ; c w. ainl ke ehcMnd, 

AlCTfiWA W52^ «•» To writhe, 

to cramp, to twist, to put on an air of 
cofiseqoence, to walk affectedly. 

AIPAH WV3 ^^i' J5ut, except, nerer- 

A IB* A >}fgp 8, m. The name of the second 
letter of the Gurmukhi Alphabet. 

IIRA Wfegr) f. m. An old and 
A I P I a y V rotten cloth ; an em- 

-^^^^ >)|gT j bankment made to 

hold up rain ; a stock of wheat chaff tha 
outside of which is plastered over with clay; 
— a. m. (M.J A foundation: — jihin md 
tihin mdst ; ka/idh aire te dti. As Is the 
mother so is the aunt ; the wall will return 
to its foundation. — Proverb: — aird or aird 
gaird or air gair, a. Other, foreign, strange. 

AIRAN )?teS »• / See Ahran. 

AIR GAIR )f>|U BI? '• m. A foreigner, 
a stranger, an alien. 

AiRi AiRA ni^ nrarl #. / twi. 

AIRO AIR ^ ^ J light:— aira 

air mildiydn or raldij/dn, ad. In the ming- 
ling of light and darkness, at twilight. 

AIS >>|j? pron. This, Ac. ; i. q. M, 

AISA YMTIT a. (H.) Such ; similar, re- 
sembling ; — ad. Thus, so, &c. :-i-ai$d iaisd^ 
ad. Such and Such, so — bo ; — *. m. Such a 
one, a scoundrel ; one accused : — aise otM, 
ad. Thus : — aisd waisd, waisif a. So — 
so, indifiorent, insignificant, worthleps, 
inferior, poor, bad ; — ad. indifferently 

AISH YifR i. m. (A.) Pleasure, joy, 
delight, happiness ; i. q. Aina, 

AISI nWt o. fff) Feminine of aiad:-^ 

aiai taisij 8. f. Disgrace, dishonour, in- 
famy, ignominy; a pelite way of expressing 
anything unmentionable ; c w. karnd, 
mnrndf mardund. 

Also )l|5 «. Such ;— ad Thus. 

AIT n(B F''^^' This : — aii H, ad. Now, 
Kbis time, the present year : — aii hi wdri^ 
ad. In this time : — aitkion or aUktiif ad. 
From the present time or year. Also 
corruption of /titwdr. 


( 18 ) 


AITHE 1^ ad. Here; I q. EikM, 
AITHOlSr r^ ad. Hence ; i. q. Mlhon. 

AITNA W3S* "1 a. Corrupted from the 
AITNl ^tgj^ J Hindi word Itnd. So 

mach, this much ; thus iquch ; so many ; 
go ; — aitne vichchf ad. At this moment ; 
in the meantime; meanwhile; upon this. 

AITWAR >M3^?^ *• «•• Corruption o! 

the Sanskrit word Adilydwdr, Sunday, 

AIU]^ TO^ad, Thus. 

AlVES^ nl%^ ad. Thus, in this way; 

gratuitously, in vain : — aiven kaivtn, ad. 
In vain. 

AJAB YHfT? '• vn. (A.) Wonder, aston- 
ishment ; admiration ; — a. Wonderful, 
astonishing, marvellous, strange, extraor- 
dinary, rare ; droll. 

AJAB YMTF?'- 1^ Corrupted from the 

Arabic word Azdb. Pain, torment, misfor- 
tune, martyrdom, punishment, difficulty : 
"^dh viehch phasnd, v. n. To be involved 
in trouble, to be entangled in difficulties. 

AJAPPH YHtTli «• m- Corrupted from 

the Hindi word Ujad. Very stupid, 
ignorant, &c. : — t. m. A fool, a very stupid 

A JAIN YMTTS^ oi. Corrupted from the 

Arabic word Zdid. Worthlessly, unneces- 
sarily, suddenly, unexpectedly, unawares. 

AJAJ y>PtTfT <*- Corrupted from the 

Arabio word Ajiz. Incapable, unable, 
weak, exhausted, humble, dejected, help- 
less; e. V). Hon a or karnd. 

AJAJI WtTtft i. / Corruption of the 

Arabic word Ajizi. Weakness, meekness, 
humility, inability, submissiveuess, stipplica- 
tion, dejection, helplessness ; e. w. kamd. 

AJAL YMtTTS <• ^' (A.) Death, the 

predestined time of death ; natural death ; 
fate; (met.) a creditor who peremptorily 

demands the repayment of a debt at tl 
appointed time. 1 

AJA]^ tippTt ad. Tet, hitherlo. i 

AJAN «M7T?? ad. IM.) Till today, yj 

AJANA WW2T 9. n. To come, to iJ 
fall, to happen. 

AJAPP VMTTU a. A. not, jap worshij 

Not suitable for the kind of worshi 
callHd jap. 

AJAR y)it1io '• M. Corrupted from t\\ 

Persian word Atdr. Sickness, disordei 
disease ; trouble, afliction, outrage, in 

AJAR A YMTP^SP <• ^* Corruption of tb 

Arabic word Ijdrah. Hire, rent, privilege 
or income sold or let for a fixed sum, tlii 
farming of revenue : — ajdrd ddr or ajnr^ 
ddr, 8. m. A lease holder, a farmer of latK 
or of revenue, one that has purchased tb( 
labour of another ; the holder of monoplj' 
contractor : — ajdrd dnran or ajdre ddran^ 
f. /. The same as the preceding, as far a( 
applicable to a woman, th« wif^ of ajdn 
ddr : — ajdrd dM or a^nre ddrij #. / 
Farming or contracting for rent or revenue 
lease holding, &c. 

AJARAN YMtfldA t. /. \^ Corrupts 

AJARI yXf^T^ t. m.J from th< 

Persian word Azdri. A sick or afflicted 
person, a patient. 

AJA^I Y>FfT^ #. m. A shepherd o 
goat- herd. 

AJAT YHtT^ a. (U.) A not, jdi race 

Out caste, expelled from one's caste; i 
low caste. 

AJAYA mtTOifT a. {M.) Corrupted fron 

the Arabic word Zdid. Vain, uselcai 
unnecessary ; lost, perished : — nd katn di 
nd hdr dd, ajdyd chughd jdl dd. Of n( 
use and of no good — a worthless log o 
jdl wood.— Proverb : — nd deve nd Jchdvd 
ajiyd 8hdh aadde. He would neither lem 
money, nor advance grain for food ; it J 
absurd his calling himself a ihSk. — Frwtirl 


( 1^ ) 


AJE YM^ ad. Yet, hitherto ;— aje Uk or 

Hkar, a/i. To this day ; as yet, till now, 
Qp to this time. 

AJEHA YHf^iJI 't- Boeh ;— ad In snch 
» roftnner, thus, dso :• — Fern. JjehL 

AJHAIB >MHd)4 <id. Comipted from 

the Persian words Az gaSb, Hiddenly, 

AJGAR YMTTBI? «. m. (£r.) i4; a goat 

^ pAter, lit. a goat eater. Species of 
Krpent, the bodcoustrictor, a dragon. 

iJHAK YH^oT 8, f, Hinderaoce, obstruc- 
tion; e. w. jdnd 

AJHAKNA ri\Hol^\v. n. To bf> hindered, 

to be obstructed, to stand still through 

AJIHA YMftTZP a. Such ;— od. In such 
I maimer, thus, so. 

AJIRAN > MtfldA «•/ (5.) indigestion, 
htnlence ; — a. Indigestible, unwholesome. 

AJIT YXtOd •• / ^ "^*> J^^ conquer. 
Iiinncible, unsubdued, unconquered, un- 


^^ITAN IMtfl^T? •• «»• Corruption of 
the English word " adjutant " 

AJIUKA WtftfoT It./ (H) Sanskrit 

inx:Ki rijqf^Qsp J Upajivikd. Sub- 

nstfnce, ; livelihood ; means of supporting 
We; Tictuals ; food. 

WIV Wfl^ a. fHJ Sanskrit i4/u». 
Lifeleas, deprived of life, inanimate. 

^^ J WfT o^' To day : — e^ pajj, ajj kaU 

OT }>haJk, ad. To day or to morrow, soon, 
in a few days. : — ajj ttk or ttkar or tak, or 
^ad. Hitherto; to this day ; as yet,j 
tiU next; up to this time : — ajj kail karnd 
OT(f<uaud, V. n. To put off (fulfilment of 
* promise) from day to day ; to delay, to 

AJJA9 Y>tfift «. in. A flock of sheep or 

AJJO *M^ ad. Tbis very day. 
AJJOIir »fR^ ad From this day. 

AJMATOA WHW€^ V. a. To try, 
to prove, to test ; to examine. 

AJOG >MTT'3T fl. iff) A not jop fit 
Unsuitable, unfit, improper ; inadequate. 

AJO^ YH^? »■«». (H,) lit, not joined. 

Disagreement, dissension, disunion ; — a. 
Without an equal, not connected j unpaired, 

A J WAIN WH^^feS •. w. (H.) Cara- 

way, the seed of a plant of the dill kind, 
(Ligusticum Ajowan). A kind of aniseed. 

AKA DENA WofT %5PT v, a. To dis- 
please, to offend, vex. 

AKAD3I niofneift 8. f. Corrupted 

from the Sanskrit word Ekadn, The ele- 
venth day of the lunor month, on which 
Hindus generallj keep fast ; i. q. Akdt8i. 

AKAHAT YMoilO^ «• ♦». Corruption of 
the Sanskrit word Ek khashi. Sixty one. 

AKAHK YMo{dd «• / First ploughing. 

AKAHRl mSrargT ) «. single, oi one 
AKAHRI y> )o[Ocfl y^^^ only;—!, m. 
or /! A single thing. 

AKAJ WSITtT a. (^O Useless, vain, 
good for nothing ; — ad. Uselessly, worth- 
lessly, in vain. 

AKAL moTTSSa. (S.) A prio. kdl time; 

also death. Out of time, untimely, un- 
seasonable, immortal, (a title of God) : — 
Akdl Bunggd, 8. m. (lit, pavilion of im- 
mortality.) A place of the 6th Gurii of 
the Sikhs at Amritsar opposite to tlie 
entrance of the Golden Temple, where 
the pauhal the Sikh rite of baptism is 
administered to converts: — akdl matU or 
mirty 8. /. An untimely death, unnatural 


( 20 ) 



Heath ; sudden death : — oktil mirti^ 9. m. 
One who dieH an untimely death : — akal 
murai or fmrkh, /t. m. The immortal one, 
(God.): — Akfil purkh In ckhnd, he hkaje 
dev ko aur ; janam jauinn bharmat phire 
lai nn sukh lei ihaur. One who worships 
another god save thf inimoital one, (ie. 
God), falls into transmi^rmtion of souls 
and finds no piMce of rest. 

AKAL AN VHoTOSS ^' / An immortal 
one ; a IVnmle ii« votee of the J kali class. 

AKALI moT?^ 

AKALIA Y Ho( r j^y> (r J mortal onej the 

name of a clans of Sikh devotees, who 
wear hlue dress and iron wenpons over their 
persons ; a male dovotee of the Aknlt class. 

AKALL yMoTT? ) a. Corrupted from 

AKALLA yj^Sf^j the Hindi word J l«/^. 

Free from complexity, simple, sinjrle, sole, 
solitary, lonely: — akalla, aknllti, ad. Alone, 
by oneself, singly, apart: — ahalla dvkalln^ 
a. lit. single or double ; single, solitary, 
entirely alone : — akall khura, s. m. One 
who eats alonn. 

AKANWEN nfara^ 8. m. Ninety one, 

AKAFl Y)Pc?^ i «• / Crookedness, 
AKAH )f>|To('3 y affectation, strutting, 

consequence, vanity: — akarboj, $./. An 
affected person ; fop ; swaggerer; — a. Vain, 
conceited, proud. 

AKAR WoTO^ «. w. (S.) Appearance, 
AlKAR ti^U^r form, aspect, shape, 
statue, liken ebs, hint, sign, token. 

uses the wealth of another but the sinner's 
(miser's) wealth is useless. 

AKAHA WofTgi a. Single, sole, lonely: — 
akdrn dukoroj a. Single or two. 

AKARA YMVoTS^t. m. Hard, stiff. 

AKARATH TMoITgi? <>• {S^ Answering 

no purpose, fruitless, unprofitable, Tain, 
useless ; — aW. Without design, in vain : — 
aknrath jnno, v. n. To be wasted, to be 
turned to no account : — ki§e da dhan 
^ki khae pdpi da tndl okdnUk jde. One 


kind of medicine. For English or Latin 
name see Powell's Panjab Products^ and 
Stewart's Panjab Plants. 

AKABNAWSra??! «'•«• To writhe 
AKA^NAniora^ I to cra«p. to be 

I cramped, to be- 

AKA?N rmS^ J come stiff or div 

torted, as once's limbs ; to strut affectedly, 

to stretch one's self on awaking from sleep, 

to defy openly ; wrangle, quarrel, fight. 

AKAS ^MofTJI *! ,. m. (S.) The sky, 
AKAS Y}(1ofT7T ] the firmaroent, the 

heavens ; space ; air ; the fifth element of 
the Hindus more subtle thnn air ; aether ; 
— Akd» hnn^j s. J. A revelation, a voice 
from heaven, oracle : — akas hel, ». /! A 
parasite vine or creeper tliat grows on 
trees, which has neither roots nor leaves : — 
akas hiri^ 8. f. Precarious living, living on 
what Providence may send from day to d^jr 
depending for subsistence on Provi<lenc>' 
alone, without using means to procure food: 
— okns birtij 8. f. One whose suhsistence 
is fortuitous : — ak6» dip or diwo^ 8. m. 
A lamp which the Hindus hang aloft on 
a bamboo, in the month Kdtak, an elevated 
lantern, a beacon : — akos mandalf 8. J' 
The atmosphere ; the celestial sphere ; the 
heavens : — dkof paun, 8. f. A wind i" 
the upper region ; inhaling Hnd holding 
the breath, fa practice of Jogis), 

AKASI niornft t./. Hindi word Masi 
Eighty one. 

AKATSl n(o(l«jlO ». ^. Corrupted 
from the Sanskrit word Mkidti, See Ahddki 

AKATTAR YHoldid a- Agreeiag, con- 
spiring ; united, unaoimons. 

AKATTH VMoT^ a. (S) Not to be spoken, 

unfit to be mentioned, inexpressible, 
unntterable, obscure. 

AKATTH mSrS^ f. f«. {H.) Gathering to- 

gether,colle€tion, union; gathering together 
of relatives and friends to a feast gi^en 
in commemoration of one's near relative 


( n ) 


iXATTHl y>l93Ta. .(^0 Anembled 

toother ] collected in one and the same 
fkc«y united, not separate ; — ad AH to- 
gether ; c. t0. Aona and ham&, 

iKATTI nfoTH^ «<«^ Gorniptedfrom 
Uw Hindi word /A^k. Thirty one. 

iKillNl irMoflQ^I v.a. Todisploaae, 
to offend, to rex. 

iSBAL l^odll^ «• •»• Cormpted from 

tl» Arabic word IJihdl, Admission, oon- 
fesKion, acknowledgment ; acceptance (of a 
bood, bdU, ^.,) ; acquiescence, assent (in 
law) ; prnatige, prosperity, good fortune ; 

iKBlLI IfMot^l^ 9. m. Oaa who 

admits ; accepts (a bond, bill, te.) 

AKBIT YMoTTH A ^ Oorrttptkm of the 

Arabic word AqlaL The next world, the 
vorld to come ; future state : — oUai 
W9garn& or Iduxrtb kaarni or hair faiita, v. 
a To risk heaven. 

^^ ^^MoTS Ambio word AgdL A knot ; 
the marriage koot^ marriage, a^^mpact, 


kSSi lf)(^ eoft^. Of. 

^^^19 mdc/) ^ Once. 

^IfflAI m^ a. Sanskrit Ahtkaf. E?er- 

hstiog, not li&ble to decaji imperishable, 
pmBsaent, durable. 

^^^^HXLA$ nraOSS «*«• (Jf.)Tocleaa 
^t a vatcrcourse^ 

iUAK l}(l%(3 «. m. A word, a saying : 

-(if.) r. a, ». To say, to tell, to inform : 
^wkt dkkan ds na oMan te nd dkhan de 
«ipU aihan "ahmak dd katn hoL Not to 
■^ when one should and to speak when 
«» skouid not^ is the act of a fooL-«- 

^^^9 'WPS «• «»• A saying, an adage, 
tpioTerb^ something made up. 

AEHAIirp nrW? A {S,) Unbroken, en* 

tire, whole, indivisible, indestructible ;— -s. 
fit. The Deity, Supreme Being : — <ikhan4 
palht 9, m. The reading of the whole 
Qrantb (Sikh Scripture) uninterruptedly, 
and unceasingly. 

AEHAB y>P%r3 <• m. Corrupted from the 

Arabic word Akhir, The last^ the end, the 
end of time ; — s, / The last day ; — ad. 
At last, finally, at length:— oi^Aor dufd 
or duniy v, n. To be the extreme degree 
of heat, cold, disorder, injustice, tyranny or 
cruelty: — akharchuknd or chukni, v, ck, is. 
To oppress, to be cruel : — dkhar hond^ «• 
fik To be over; to come to an end; te 
expire ; die out ; to breath one's last 

AEHA9A >)P:(T^ «. m. (IT.) A place of 

wrestling or fencing, any place of assem- 
bling for sport or other purpose ; also court 
circus ; a court : — Indar dd akhdrd^ a, m, 
lii, Indra's court ; a place of gaiety :— i- 
addhdn dd ctkhdrd^ «. iti. A class of Hindtl 
or Sikh sddhiis who do not settle in one 
place ; the head assembly of the order of 
Hindu and Sikh devotees that travel from 
one place to another ; a house and place of 
Hindu or Sikh tddhi$ like an abbey : — 
€Jchdrd jamdut^d^ v. a. To collect a 
crowd; to form an assembly. 

AEH19HA yM%(TS[Or )$. m. (M.) Ut 
KHA9HA \f^[ZP ) An arena, a 

court. An Indigo ground oonsisting of 
one or more sets of indigo-vats ; the hole 
into which the water from the vats runs 
out, and the place where the indigo is 
dried . In Dera Ohisi Khan and M usa&r- 
garb Districts khdrhd is also used for a 
cattle-road ; the arena where cattle jostle 
one another. 

a Corrupted firom 
the Arabic word 

lEHABI mt^f^ 

AKHiRi np*M 

AkhrL Last, late, or belonging to tha 
end, final, ultimate: — dkhaH char tha^hkd^ 
ik m. The last Wednesday that falls 
annually in the mouth «q/ar, which is 
observed as a festival by the Muhamma- 
dans with much solemnity and rejoicing, 
their prophet having found himself on 
that day well enough to walk abroad lur 
the first time after a very severe illnessi 


( M ) 



4.KHAT rmf3 9. /. A word, a laying 
lome thing spoken* 

IK-HATTAR YHotvJdd b. f. Oomiption 

of the Hindi word Ik^ hatU»r. Seventy 

AKHiUT nWT@g g, /. Hindi word 
Kahdvat, A word, a saying, a report. 

AKHE W^ conj. Or. 

AKHi npvft ,. 

AKHYl y)|r>:P;;jr g. 

AKHIR >>0^ #. m. Corruption of the 
Arabic word Akhir. See Akhar. 

IKHNA >MT>i^ V. a., n. To tell, to com- 
mand, to say. 

AKHONA n\^^ #. m, (Poi.) The cavity 
of the eye. 

AKHRAT WVigrH «• f' Corrupted from 
the Arabic word AkhiroL The next world, 
the world td come ; a future state— d^bAra^ 
$aiaajmdt v. a. To do good deeds that 
maj procure salvation. 

AKHROT nW^ #. m. A wakut - 

AKHSAR )r)f(f71U »• Corrupted from the 

Arabic word Aksar. Many, much, most; 

ad. Mostly, often, usually, generally ; at 
length, finally, frequently : -^ak/isar hoyd 
hardd hai. This is frequently the case j 
it frequently occurs ; it often happens; 

• f. q. Aksar, 

AEHTA YMbfT^ f« m. Corrupted from 

the Persian word Akhid. A castrated 
animal (specially a horse) ; a gelding : — 
ak/Ua hond^ v» fi. To be castrated, gelded: 
— cikhid kOfrndj v, n. To castrate, geld. 

LKHTYAR nW3Waf i. m. Corrupted 

from the Arabic word Ikhtydr. Choice, 
will, pleasure, discretion ; disposal, man- 
agement, control, power, authority ; right ; 
privilege ; liberty; official position or power, 
jurisdiction i^^kktydr hondj v. h. To 
have or hold a right or title (to) ; to have 
the power; to be at liberty, to be 

privileged, authoriied, Ac, to have it fta 
(one's) power, to be able I'-akkiydr milnd^ 
r. n. To be invested with power or author- 
ity '.^akhtpdr tichch hand or rahmd, v. n. 
To be in (one's) power, to be subject to 
the authority (of), to be dependent (on.) 

AKHUTT nW^ a. A not, khuU ezhaut%^ 

ed. Inexhaustible i^akhuU bhan4dr, jl iia 
Inexhaustible storehouse. 

AKHWANNA nW^TJsf g. m. Tbm 

cavity of the eye. 

AKI WofI a. (A.) Rebellions, self-willed. 

disobedient ;—f. m. Ah insurgent; — dU 
hand, V. n. To rebel i^dki (hand, b, m. 
A station of rebels :—dW Vidnd pdund^ 
V, a. To appoint a station or place foi 

AKIRT GHAN nifegn ll|3 a. Sani^ 

krit kfUghan, Ungrateful, wanting in gnit> 
tude, enable to appreciate favour. 

ARE >)|o? 9. m. The name of a plan| 

(containing an acrid milky juice), which 
grows abundantly in sandy jungles: — akk 
Hddd, i. m. A kind of large green graa 
hopperi^akk-jdnd, r, n. See Akknd. 

IKKA BAKKA nV^ ^Tofl •. m. A 

play thing of clay made by children; 
{met,) an ugly person. 

AKKALKAN nfofeoH?? a. BewilderecJ. 

confused, perplexed, confounded, astounded^ 

distressed, non-plused. •—•nerd ji akkal 

kdn d giyd hai. My mind is confounded. 

AKKE KAR JHS^oTTU aJL Certainly ; 


AEKH JfMW f./ Corrupted from the Sso^ 

krit word Aksh. Eye, organ of sight; sigbtj 
look, glance, regard, observation; judgment^ 
seiwo i-'dkkh duni or djdni or dukhni ov 
dukhni duni, v. n. To have an inflatnma* 
tioh of the eyes, to be blear-eyed :—akkh 
laehd *«, ad Secretly, steathily i—akkk 
haehd ke du^d, v. n. To come in secretly 
or by stealth, slink or steal In i—akih 
haehdund^ v. n. To avoid the eye (of), tP 


( M ) 


ilsde tbe obAenration (of)/ to avoid seeing 
or iBoddng^ to pretend not to know (one); 
to Hum tke eyes aside, to steal away 
seoetlj and hiddesiij^-^kkh haehna^ v. n. 
To take off one's eyes ; to have one's atten- 
tioo takm off: — akkh badaind or hadal 
Inma, v. n. To regard with altered looks ; 
to view with variable regard, to be fickle or 
izxx>]istant ; to be changed, to withdraw 
ooeSs &voar or afif^ion from anyone : 
^^aUth hand htmiy v. n. lit The eyes 
to be closed ; to die ; to be blind i^akkh 
hamd iar 2at«t, v. n. To shot the eyes, to 
elcae the eyes ; fall asleep ; die ; to turn 
away, to take no notice, to turn from 
amothery to treat one with neglect :«^ 
«tt* harab^bar kama or ro^Ano, v. n. To 
pveaervo (one's) look or regard unaltered, 
to keep friendship or regard unaltered ; 
lo looJc in another's face steadfastly; 
fiot to be ashamed: — akkh barah-bar nd kar 
or rakkh gakm^ v. n. (Not to be able to 
look steadfastly in another's face), to be 
ailoLined :- — akiA^ hhar ke vekhnd^ v, n. To 
bok (at) till (one's) curiosity is fully 
ntisfied ; to stare steadily on, long at; to 
bestow a foil gaze (upon) ; to cast angry 
koks (at)/ to Cast amorous glances (at) : — 
aUA hhar taint , 9. n. To have eyes full of 
lean, to he ready to weep or cry : — akkh 
tkarhSund, V, n. To raise the ey^ (in 
•ager, Ac), to look angry ; to be intoxicat- 
ed : — aikh eharhna^ «. n. To have eyes 
heavy or drowsy (from intoxication or 
want of sleep or head-ache) ; to have eyes 
oarked up by debauch ; to have the eyes 
turned up (in death), to be dying : — akkh 
ckurana^ r. n. lit. To steal eyes ; not to 
attend to, to avert eyes through shame or 
dislike, &<:. ; to avoid the sight of any ope, 
lo pretend not to know :-^akkh dabhnd, 
9. a- lit. To shut one's eyes ; to forbid 
hj signs: — akkh dakhaunn or vakhdund^ 
«L a. lit. To show ooe's. eyes; to frighten, 
lo nenance, to look angry or threating ; 
la restrain, to brow beat i--akkh di kotht, 
a /. The cavity of the eye, the socket 
flf the eye ball r-*aibXrA (H IvM, a / (Jf.) 
A play common among children being a 
kind of hide and seek :--<tkkh ghuma^ v. n. 
To look at with anger;— aWA jhamkn&^ 
«L IL lit. To have the eye lids joined, to 
vxok, to fear : — akkh jornd^ v. n. To 
look steadfastly i^akkh ka4dhni^ v. n. 
Bee aikh nakolni i-^akkh kholnii, v, n. To 
open one's eyes f to wake from sleep ; to 
be awake ; to be awara ; to be wise and 

prudent, to discriminate, to discern, ta 
be judicious ; to revive, to recover new 
strength or life i-^akkh lapdni or lagnuni^ 
V. n. To fix the eyes (on), to contrscl 
friendship or affection for anyone, to fall 
in love, to sleep: — akkh lagni^ v. n. lit 
The eyes to close ; to fall sleep, to dose ; 
to have the eyes fixed on arvother (as 
object of affection), to' be enamoured (of); 
to sleep : — akkh Idl karni or kar lainiy v, n* 
To turn red with rage ; to be angry : — 
akkh lardund, v. n. To look steadfastly 
(atX meet stare with stare ; to wink as a 
hint; to interchange glances; to cast 
amorous glances ; make love with the 
eyes ; to communicate secret by signs :— 
akkh larna or larni^ v. n. To encounter 
the eyes of another; to exchange lova 
glances; to meetf with one's, lover unex- 
pectedly : — akkh luknnx or chhapani, v. n. 
lit. To hide one's eyes ; to be ashamed 
of an improper act ; to be proud, to ignore 
one's old acquaintance i-^akkh mnmd^ v, 
n. To wink ; to stop any one by a sign, 
to make amorous signs with the eyes : — 
akkh fnatakkdf 8, m. Ogling, an amorous 
look or gesture . — akkh milani, v. a. To 
look (one) in the face, gaze full in tha 
face (of) ; to exchange looks or glances ; to 
contract friendship : — akkh milniy v, n. To 
look steadfastly. See akkh larni : — akkh 
mil or mich janij or lainiy v, n. To clost 
one's eyes ; to die, to perish;— aitM ruikdl' 
m or nili pili kamdy v. n. To change 
the colour of the eyes and the face from 
excess of anger, to turn red with rnge ; 
to look angry: — akkh pharkn a or phurkndj 
V. n. To feel a pulsation in the eye, con- 
sidered as an omeu of some desirable event, 
as the meeting of friends and relatives ; 
a pulsation in the right eye of a man or 
the left of a woman, is a favourable omen, 
the reverse disastrous; — akkh phenid or 
pher lainiy v. n. To turn the pupil of tha 
eye in agony (as in death) ; to show 
aversion after friendship ; to withdraw 
one's favour, affection, kindness ; to turn 
away the eyes (as from grief or displeas- 
ure): — akkh phutindy v, n. To have oue's 
eyes knocked out or put out ; to lose an 
eye ; lose ones sight : — akkh snhmng 
kamd See akJch barahbar kamd : — akkh 
uchchi nd kar saknd or kamd, v. n. To 
be unable to raise the eyes (through 
shame, &c.) : — akkh viehch raraknd^ v. fk 
To get a mote into the eye ; to be seen 
with envy and dislike : — akkh vithch itf 


( U ) 


hand. V. n. To have a speck on the eje- 
bafl ; to be seen with envy and dislike : — 
ahkh&n ctgge aaron phtdni^ v. n. To see 
•pectral illasions ; to become suddenly 
blind, as by fainting, &c. : — akkhdA agge 
phim&t V. n. To be always before (ones) 
eyes ; to be ever in (one's) mind : — akkhdn 
vichch charhi duni, v. n. To have a film 
over the eyes ; to be wilfully or intention- 
ally blind ; to pretend from pride not to 
know one's old acquaintance : -^akkhdn 
vichch 4o^e paine, v. n. To have red lines 
in the eyes caused by drink or joy and con- 
sidered as a feature of beauty; also caused by 
disease :»akkhdn vickck ghaUd ghcUtndi v> n. 
lit To throw dust into the eyes ; to pilfer 
or snatch away anything quickly and pri- 
vately, to cheat, to deceive: — €ikkhdn pakk- 
idna,v, n. To become dim (the eyes) from 
long expectation ; to look out anxiously for 
anyone: — akkhdn vichch raxak painty v. 
n. To have a pa*n in the eyes : — akkhdn 

. vichch rdt katnit v. n. To pass t^e night 
awake ; not to sleep : — akkhdn te baithnd^ 
0. ». lit To sit on the eyes ; to sit on a 
elevated place ; to become dignified ; to be 

^ treated with great consideration : — akkhtn 
§ukh hond^ V. n. To have consolation by 
meeting friends, to be glad :—akkin sukh 
kaleje lhan4 hond^ v- n. lit To have 
consolation in the eyes and comfort in 
the heart ; to console oneself, 

AKKHA YM^ «• m. One end of a bag 

or sack thrown over a beast of burden : — 
(Jf.) $, m. One side of a pair of camel 
panniers (kajdwdj, 

AKKHA WW $.nk A Baying^ a word, 
a riddle, 

AKEHAB yMW3 '• ^' Ck)mipted from 

the Sanskrit word Akihar, A letter of the 
Alphabet See also Ach, chhar* 

stupid ; very impertinent ; very conceited. 

AKENA ^ol^ V. ft. To be offlmded, 
to be displeased, to fret, to be vexed. 

AKL YHo(M«./. (A,) Wisdom, intelligence, 

sense, reason, intellect, understanding, 
mind, knowledge, opinion: — akl chakkar 
ihdndi «. n. To be at one's wit's end ; to 
be confused or distracted :-''aU da amnhd^ 

«. III. lit Blind to sense, a fool, bloel^ 
head:— <iA;^ ddpurd^ s. m, <Jronie,) A fooj 
blockhead - — akl de dainhh lag dun €k * <^ 
ghore dordnCf v. n. To use one's sense ; t| 
form vain fancies or theories ; to theorize 
— akl de^di v. n. To give sense to, t^ 
instruct, counsel : — akl de naunh lahdr^f^^ 
lit To cut or pare the nails of uaded 
standing; to act carefully and judioiocalj 
to sharpen wits : — oJU dordund or kh€grci 
kamdf V, n. To use one's sense ; exercia 
one's powers, to act wisely; to consider 
think: — akl mdre idnd^ v, n. To losj 
sense or understanding; to be out c^ 
one's wits ; to act carelessly : — akl bc^fji 
or akl mand or aJd v?andf a. Wise, seri 
sible, intelligeut, having a good underBtaxi<] 
ing : — akl , bandi or akl mondi or aJ^ 
wandif a. /. Wisdom, sound* sense, i 
good understanding, sagacity, discretion 
ingenuity, cleverness. 

AKLAPA ^0(^144^ a. Beng alcm« 

having no one to depend on, single ; t. ^ 

AKLIA WSre^hM'*! a. Wlse» hawJ 

AKUYA n totttlM' J '^i » «^ 


AEOTARSAU >Mo?ddi9 a* One hxn^ 
dred and one. 

AKKA >)|lo(dl a. Stiff, (usually appHe(^ 

to fiour) :— (IT.) «. m. A kind of diseaa^ 
which occurs in November and Decemberj 
The front legs of animals get stiff and ar^ 
moved with difiBculty. It seems a sort o^ 
of rheumatism. 

AKigiAIND IH ct^Vi l »• /• Stiffiaesa^ 
AE^AIl^DH >| |y^*|j L strut, Ac,; i f ^ 

AKRAO ^>(oraTf J ^*«r. 

AKB1T7NA ^o(|^lQdl v.a. To make 
sti£^ to cramp, Ac. 

AKSAR IMSTTI^o. (A,) Host, maiijj 

much ; a great many ; — od Ofteni usual* 
ly, for the most part, generally. 

AETALI 'tfif^C^^ 9^ f. Hindi worA 
IkidUt. Forty one. 


( 2« ) 


AEVTAK yMo(Sb'c{ A HI. Union, ooneord ; 
ft coofedeittcy. 

AKWAKJJA nfsd^ 9. m. CornipUon 
of the Bansknt word Jik^^^anckijaai. Fifty 

AKWA8SI Wof^nf^*./ Bread baked 
ex ooe aide only. 

IL YMnS)? «. / The mane of a horse ; 

]30geD J ; descendant ; the name of a tree 
fx^aa the root of which a red colouring 
matter is extracted for staining leather, 
the nuiie of the colour iteelf j— (J^^(W, 
a /. lit. 61 aignifies the issue born to the 
^u^hter, and tdad, the issue of a son. 
Offspring; children, progeny, descendants, 
family, dynaaty. 

a pOlar or vail for holding a lamp, &c., a 
Biche in a waU -.--{Pot) 8. f. Calling, 
a call : — aid bholdj a. Simple, artless, free 
fnm guile, open, sincere, stupid. 

ALA >»n^ «. / C^'J A voice, a cry :— 
a«& ianHa aid ndhin nakaU. lHo sound or 
err came' from me. Story of the Three 

ILABBH VMTS^ a. A not, lahh obtain- 
able. Unobtainable. 

ALAGG VHSSSi a. A not, lag to adhere. 
Fnatlached, unconnected, disconnected, 
separated, disjointed, dislocated ; separate, 
distinct ; lonely, solitary ; excluded ; liber- 
ated, disengaged ; free, independent; 
pkced apart or aside ;— ad Apart, aloof; 
tfiuMler ; alone ; at a distance, at liberty:— 
§lagg olagg^ a. Holding aloof;— ad. 
Separately, individually ; e. w. hondy 
hjdna^ dend, hamd <md rahind. 

ALIHI mZSVdt ad. Divine, Supreme ;— 
trnwe. OiGod. 

ALiHSl *HWUe]l 9. f. A dirge, a 
ALAHUN >M55»OS > mournful song 

ALAH0NI mss^g^ J ^^^^^ ^ ^^^« 

by the woman, the "wife of a barber or 
who l^ids a company of mourners 3 

f. q. Aldicant 

ALAJ yKSSHFT '• ^- Corrupted from 

the ArHbic word, Il^j. Healing, remedy, 
cure, medicine ; medical treatment ; pun- 
isbment ; — alaj . kamd, v. n. To heal, to 
cure i to remedy ; to correct ; to chastise. 

A LA J J yXCdti a. free from shame. 

ALAKA VM^Iotl 8. m. (A.) Attachment, 

dependence, connection, relation, affinity ; 
concern, interest ; part, reference ; inter* 
course ; a province, division (of territory), 
district, parish; a tenure, an estate, a manor; 
business : — alake ddr^ $, m. The person 
who becomes responsible for the payment 
of a village rate; — aldkd or aldke ddri^ «. f. 
Responsibility for the payment of a village 
rate : — alokd rakkhnn^ v. n. To be con- 
nected (with;, to be dependent (on), to be 
related (to) ; to have to do (with;, to have 
concern or interest (in). 

ALAKKH yH?5^ a. Corrupted from the 

Sanskrit word Alakih, Indefinite, invisi- 
ble, imperceptible;— «, m. One of the titles 
of God ; a form of salutation among a class 
of mendicants (jogiej : — alakkh jage. Lit. 
the invisible. May one watch over thee ; 
or may God spring up in your hearts, (a 
cry uttered by jogis in begging i-^aUJckh 
jagdundf v. a. lit to invoke the invisible ; 
to utter the cry (aldkkh jdge) ; to ask alms 
in the name of God : — alakkh dhari or 
dhdran^ a. f. A person who acknowledges 
no deity but Brahm, 

ALAM y>P3^ «• Corruj)ted from the 
Arabic word Alim, Learned, sage, intelli- 
gent;— «. m. A learned man; the world, 
the universe ; the public ; scene, time, 
period : — dlam fdjal, «. m. A man of 

ALAIJG WTS^ 9, m. or / (M.) A Leap, 
a wall, a rampart. 

ALAUG WRBT «. f' Sexual desire (of 
a mare). 

ALAlSfGGNA nPe^^R? v. «. lo lust 
(a mare). 

ALANKAR W^fsnU 9. m. or /! ^3.) 


< 36 ) 



lit. ornament, jewels. KhetoriCt ornate 
^ composition ; figure of speech^ sounding, 
notes (in music) i-^alan^dr bAami, v, n. 
. To sound. 

ALANMBHA ^HTSgr 1 s. m. Blwe, 
ALANBHA yH55TgT ] light, flash:— 

kiyd jdnai^ tdn ^atffft koi hain.gTutr mere 
vichch ayd ; jisne tan man mere tain isk 
aldnmbhd Idyd, How do I know who 
you are who came into my house and kin- 
dled a' blaze of love in my body and mind. 

ALA? yH?5^ Is. J. (S.) Tuning the 
ALAP VHRji'S^ I Toioeforsingixigyprelade 

to singing, taking the pitch, running over 
the different notes previous to singing ; 
intercourse, conversation, association. 

ALAPNA n!?5^V2? ) v. a. (S.) To 

ALAPNA nFTSRf^T j take the pitch of 

a tune, to sing by note, to run over the 
different notes previous to singitig; to 
sing, to tuoe.^ 

ALAS W!ISH 8. m. (ff.) A not, lae to 

move, to labour. Inactivity, lack of energy, 
indolence, laziness, idleness, sloth, drowsi- 
ness, sluggishness; i. q, Alkae, 

ALASI . n(I235jft 

}a. (HJ I 
tive, lazy, i 


lent, slothful ; drowsy, weak : — 8. /, or m, 
A lazy person, a sluggard; t. q, AlkoBi, 

7 ». /. 

J from 

ALAS ni3?TO 
ALAis y Mwfe^ 

word Aldieh, Filth, pollution, oontamina- 

the Persian 

ALAT y>n353«-^- i^) A tool, imple- 
ment, instrument ; utensil, apparatus ; 
membrum virile ; penis, 

ALAWAN nnJST^S V, n. (J/.) To 

speak ; to make a noise, as an animal : — 
chiith hhawan te eamajh aldwan elydnen 
ddmi dd kamm kai To ruminate and to talk 
with discretion is the duty of a wise man. 

ALAWAWI » m i ^<Si B. f. {M.) 8^ 

ALBELA nCStW \b. m, A fop, a beau 
ALBELI y)^; 5^jj | {] J — «. Simple, inn., 

cent, artless :~^i/it/6 nin alhelie hick arte pn 
bain atooZ^are rei/i- . Oh artless, poor eoni 
thou art going astray from the right path 
Bfwjam of Lata Bihdri LalL 

ILEDUALE yMT^^^y]^ ad. On al 
Bidee, round about. 

ALEL >H^9?.s. 771. A colt which Jins 

never been ridden ;«-—a^ Not broken to 
work (as a horse). 

ALETI nR^ 8, f. {M.) A low lyini; 

grajBs, it is very hardy, and dseful in 
seasons of drought. It is dug up and 
givea to cattle. Sheep and goats graze 
on it. 

ALE TOLE r^ ^ 8. n*. A fjse 
promise, deception. 

ALGAN >M553rS I ft /: A line or pole 
ALGANI »H jJbdtcin J ^ ^^^^ clothes on. 

ALGARJ nnSBratT »: Careless, in 


ALHNA nf55US^ «. m. (M.) A bini's 

jxGBt^ushndk chiri te dhudnk vich Alhnd, 
A clever sparrow ; why, it built its ne^st 
in the dhudnk^ (that part of a ohimuey- 
less native house in which the smoke 
collects and soot formp). 

ALHUWALLi WZSO^TZJ^inff *- fru 

A particular tribe of Sikhs. See Ahluwa- 

LI YHi^^n ^* /« A small niche in a wall : 

— Hi bholif a. Simple, artless, free from 
guile, open, sincere, stupid. 

LI VMS^ 8. /. (A.) The tame of 
Muhammad'ff son-in-law, (he web, accord- 


( 27 ) 


■'C tn the bnnniij the fourth Jchalifd or 
.-'isaor of Mahammad« but Shic^ make 
'. 11) the direct successor, not acknowledge 
.iZ she other three khai^huk) 

'•^-I^ *HJSm * ^- The name of a tree ; 
.lledaLo Anmhaltdty {Coisia fistula) : — 
I J pJidh «• f- The fruit of the alis, 

iUAyJJiL>)f35tTtTO5 *. im. Oormp- 
- i c-f the Hindi word AljinjaL Care and 

.'..'JilAKl IMd6Jidl ^> «* Gotttipted 

frjm tbd Hindi word Uljhani. To be 
-!.tats:lwl, to be involved in a quarrel or 
.<£nides ; to quarrel, to debate. 

'I>flAl^ WSrST© 8. m. Corrupted 

''I'm the Hindi word TJ^hdn. Entangle- 
ifeLt, perplexity. 

'.yi{AU?A y]U6iilQd> «. n. Oorrup- 

r 1 of the Hindi word Uljhaui^d. To 
Kttficrle, to ravel or e&twist (as thread), 
Yi&volTe, to embroil, to cause a quarrel. 


«. fn. A young bullock not 


i^U) yoke. 

illiS >MSdlM *. / Oormpted from 

tbr Hindi word Alkas. Laziness, sloth, 
i:oTsi&esB, idleness. See Alaa. 

y of the Hindi 
word AUcasi. 

- A lazy, slothful, drowsy, idle person. 

•*^^ *H55 s. f, A name of a vegetable, a 

kizd of sqvash, (i gr. ^^(^), a kind of 
>'^d; asomame, a title (either honour- 
'^^ or dishonourable) : — aU^cMj 8, m, 


—%lldh ho akhar. God is ^^reat ; recited 
when standing, sitting and kneeling at 
prayer, and also when slaughtering an 
animal ; an exclamation of surprise and 
i-esignation, kci'-^Alldkbeii, alldh xodli ; lit 
God the preserver. Farewell ; adieu ! God 
speed \ good bye 1 


Vain talk or business, trifling toj'ioj;:, vani- 
ty ; idle excuse; — alUnn gallam hakkndr. 'vl 
n. To talk absurdly, foolishly, to talk non- 

ALLAN t^^^ 8. m, A name given to 

pulse or meal of Indian corn cooked with 

ALLA5 PALLAB >M75S[ '^JRPTS *. ^n. 


ALLHAFl )rM<!J^0<4 a, (H.J Young, un- 
initiated, uninstructed or untaught in 
business, not broken to work (as an animal), 
unskilful: — allhar hasdbf ad, Arabic word 
al-al-hiadb. Suspense account : — allkar 
ha8db dend, v. a. To make advances to be 
adjusted afterwards; to make {layments 
en accounts 

ALLON )^)nS5* s, f. An uneasy sensation 
in any part of the body ; irritation. 

ALLWALALLl T^ ^^ih^ a. Simple 

che&t of 

^I'LI |)Qg5l a. Unripe (fruit), half 
larded (grain), imperfectly healed (a 

UH 1)^513 «. ftL iA.)Qoi) tbe 

h^Magz^AUc^ftdtdhl t»(;. An 
'&]i]Dati(m of surprise and approbation : 

ALMAL ritSnWS «• f I>ii't. 

4iALMARI >M35W# 8. f. A 
drawers^ a bpok case* 

ALOP >M2oV ^' Corriipted from ihe 
Sanskrit word Lup. Invisible, unseen, con- 
cealed, defaced, retired, run out, destroyed; 
latent : — alop hond or hojdnd, 'd. n. To 
be concealed, become invisible ; to vani3b, 
disaf^pear, to' be out of sight ; to cease to 
be, to be extinct. 


ALP >)l95lf a. (5.) Little, small, of little 

value, insignificant, few, short, feeble : — 
alp-bal or saJcti a. Of little strength, weak: 
'^Ip'bvddhi 8. f,y a. Weak-minded, unwise, 
ignorant, silly :— oZp hdr^ 8, m. Modera- 
tion in eating, abstinence : — atp-hdri, 


( 28 ) 


a. Taking little food, moderate in eating, 
abstemious^ abstinent; — «. m. Moderate 

ALPAGG yH9SV^ «. Corruption of the 

Sanskrit word Alpaghya. Knowing little, 
ignorant; — 8. m. A person of d^eeUve, 
meagre, limited knowledge. 

ALP ATA yM95V? B. f. f&; Smallneas, 

ALSAN W553RS e, / See AUuaft. 

AL3ANA WjSTItS^ 0. Sleepy ; (used 

chiefly with 7iain, as cUadne nat^, sleepy 
eyes), sleepy headed, drowsy : — cUedna^ 
V. n. To be drowsy, to slacken. 

ALSET >H7S^? •• /. C^J Sham, hum- 

bug ; deception, fraud, double dealing, 
duplicity ; unlawful attachment ; differ- 
ence, discrepancy (in accounts) ; a confused 
a'nd Unsettled state (of Accdunts). 

ALSETANmaj^HS*./. 1 (fl:> Be- 
ALSETI >M55^ 8,m. I ceptive^ 
artful, crafty person. 

ALSETIYA m^S^^hfP 8. m. A person 

. who leaves his accounts in an unsettled 
and confused state aad is slow in paying 
his debts. 

ALSI >M?^ s, /. Flax, linseed {Linwm 


ALSI YHT^^Tft *. w. See Ala$l 

ALT A *>(253^** ^' A. farinaceous pow- 
der dyed red and yellow, which the Hindus 
throw on each other's clothes during the 
Holt festival. ' 

ALU >)ffJ5 *• ^•* (^-J An esculent root, a 

potato, {Solanum tuberotumy.-^alu iuihArd, 
i*. pi. (J^.) Dried plum, prune {jfritnUt 


ALUCHA )f>t<^tli 9. m. Corrupted from 
.the Persian word AltUikL A kind of 

small plum (Prunue analifplia). 

LTJ NA W^^ a. A not, without, 

salt. Without salt| deficient in saltne 
tasteless, insipid. 

M Y^n^a, M.)OomBKm, public, gen€ 
ordinary, plebeian;—*, m. The comro 
people, the vulvar:— aw Uidsh or ihi 
rftttr «• «i. The nobles and the x>lebeia 
high and low, peculiar and popular, 

M AL AN nfMT^ 5. / 1 A pereon n 

^ ♦ 

ing drinks and drugsi especuJlj opii 
and poppy heads. 

AMALLKA9E nnj^^gf^ 

noise; or perceptible motioii. 

ad. Slow 



AMA51 l^THTK *. «•• Corruption of 

Antbic word Imam. A priest, a leader 
religious matters among the Muhamn 
dans, one who leads in prayer (nima 
patriarch, prelate, chief ; a large bead 
the head of a rosary (which remains fii 
in. the hand, is not turned over in cou 
ing) :^anndm hdrd or hdri, a. m. or f. 
kind of temple in which the festival of 1 
Moharum is celebrated, and service h 
in comihemoration of il2»and hiss 
Haaan S Euaair^ and where offerings 
made to the dead ; it is generally a sou 
building with a cupola on the top:— am. 
jddd^ a. m. Descendant of an amdm, co 
monly used la reference to Haaan a 

AMAMA VHU^ *• i»- Corrupted fr( 
the Arabic word ImdmaK A sheet wr^ 
ped round tiie head as a turban ; tia 

AMAN VMHT?? »• / (4-) Safety, eecun 

protection, deposit, oharge, anythi 
gifen in trust ;*-«. n^ Corrupted from t 
Arabic word Imdn, Faith, religion \ 
amdn-ddr, a, conscientious, faithf 
honest, ^rue^ ^uppght, just) trustworth 
—a.' w». A trustee or depository : —aiTii 
ddri, 8. f. Faithfulness, truth, hones^ 


( 39 ) 


irwt, charge i^amdn ffuduiia^ v, n. lit 
T" Ijee one's conscience. To break one's 
f td, iiitb ; to forfeit one's integrity, to 
\vn% faitbitfss or xlishonest, play ^Ise :— 
^21 :» fcrtiiRo, V. n. To believe, to have 
M- jiut faith in, to be converted to a faith: 
-flwaa rakkhi^d, v. n. To consign or 


^^4AX )fMMS «. «. \a.) Secnrity, safety: 

-3SB» anion or omo^ eAatn, #. m. 
Peaee, tranquillity; c. w. oman vkk 

*^^ M nUfef #• m. BeUeL trust 

ripened in straw .-^lapke di amb, s, «i. 
A npe mango dropped from the tree ; i. 
q* Amb. 

*. m, (Pot) The 

^^^i Wra o. r&>^ Undying, immor- 

^ loDf-lived, perennial, everlasting ; an 
•^piibet of the Deity ; a title given to gods : 
-^*»«r Idl^ ». wi. Eternal, undyini?, 
*fpli«d only to the unceasing flow of 
ir^ rivers i-^amar lok^ t. m. Heaven ; 
•^ r^on of immortals or gods; para- 
'^ii:ytmar hand or hqfdnd, v. n. To be- amr a r i nf. _ 
i« iiDwrtal ; to liTe for ever ; to en^ ^^^^ ***^ 

AMBIH lit^ET? 

breaking of a fastt ._ 

I See iljihiA or A'ar. 


cnt and dried in a green state. 

AMBLI Ifj^lSlfSf s. f. Oorropted from 

the Hindi word ImUl The tamarind tree • 
also Its fruit ; t. g. Ambli or ImbU or ImU. 


AMBALTAS IjJ^gsSHTH ^. /: Corrupt 

ed from the Hindi word Amaltds. The 
name of a tree, (Cai&artoparpus fistula), 
the seed of which is much used in medi- 
cme, as a cathartic; also the fruit of the 
tree ; (called alia oralih) ; t. q. AmmaUdi 

«^jkftdng life. 

»Sfl8AT >MH»gH «./ Cotrnpted ftom 

s^AnKc word Imdrat: A "pablio edi- 
w.»b«JdiBg; s habitatiott; fortifica- 
"f -«n<<'a/t gty,s.m. A maaon's yard 
"""lej*. J, jtTnb&rat. 

^W njH^ <; /. (A.) The litter 

* rtkh people nt on an elephant : vhen 
tflai ao ««opj it ia caUed a JUmkU j an 
Mted CMiopy, a dome; i. q. omMri or 

WfftW la/ Cornip. 
Onr^ J tion of the 

J^ werd iimd»a#. The day when 

Z!??v^^ ?^^ *'*® "* conjunction; 
A^i^J*^ of the last half of the moon 
^%ef new moon; 

HW «• HI. Corrnpted from the 
,^nt word Am. A mango ; the mango 

^'•jagi of mangoes dried in the sun :— 
"•^w, I. «. Jiiioe of tb' niango ; manso 
"^i-faa dd amb, a m. A mango 


the heavens ; the atmosph/Bre .-^ambtff 
PoU or «e«, »./, A vine or creeper {Ou$cuia 
r^exa) that grows on trees, having no 
roots or leaves. 

LMBIBAT JiJipgrH. *. / Corrnpted 
from the Arabic word Imdrat. See 

lMBABI 1g9^ o. Corruption of the 

Hindi word am^ar. Pertaining to the sky. 
depending on rainfall (the condition ofcer! 
tain lands which cannot be artificially 

ttitn'a.r "' *'' ^''' ^"°^^ 

^^M tl9^ .. /. Mother, (used 

M M exclamation of distress or in the lan- 
guage of affection, as hde ni m«ri ambar4t ' 
alas, my poor mother ] -.-du ni intti 
ambap* ! Come my dear mother) ; i. «. 



MBARI )a9^P^ «. / Corrupted from 
Uie Arabic word Amari. See Amdri. 

MBIT JiJ^ie "1 , „. chafinR. in- 
MBAU i,^^[tQ / flammation oaoaed 


( 80 ) 


by rubbing. 

AMBAUNA >]^giQ^' r. a..Tociiafe, 
to inflame by rubbing. 

AMBl ^^'S^ 8. f. A green mango half 

kind of turmeric. 

AMBIB Y^^'S 9, m. Corruption of 
the Arabic word Amir. See Amir, 

AMBIRI >]^^Ut «• /. Corrupted from 
the Arabic word Amiri. See Amir I 


V. n. To be 
yj|g;gT J chafed, to 

become inflamed by rubbing ; i. q. Anh 
jdnd and Afibnd, 

AMBOH riV^ 8.m. 

AMBOHi ni^dt^'/ 


(P.) A crowd, 

AMBRAT >H5ra3 . 1 8. m. Corrupted 

word Am fat See Amrat, 
AMBRATI niyydl 1 «./ corrupt- 

ft ^ ^ 




WHf^ i 

ad. From opposite sides. 

Opposite each other, mutually opposite. 

AMH SAMH nro WV 8. /. Protection. 
AMIi^ *>mft>jr' ». / pi- Unripe 


wheat or barley roasted in the ear. 
AMIiSr. >>fn^ i^tj. (A.) Amen, so be it 

AMI^ JAMIN >}Olf tn^ qd. Safely, 
safe and sound. 

AMIR >)OftU 8. m. (A.) A grandee, 

ruler, lord, prince, noble, chief; a person 
of rank or distinction ; liberal, open-hand- 
ed or large-hearted person ; a gentleman. 

AMIRI>>flft^ 8./. (A:) A principality, 

the rank or dignity of an a^ir, nobility, 

AMIT nrftre a. (B.) Indelible, undy- 
ing, iudostmctible, imperishable, un- 
changeable, undefaced. 

AMKA TUXoT a. (/?.) Such a one or 

thing : — amkd dhamkd, s. m. Trifle, tri- 
fling, a person of little estimation. 

AMLA yiW^8. m. Corrupted from the 

Arabic word Amlah. Establishment, office, 
clerk, official. 

Hindi word Amirati, See Amrati. 
AMBUA )l3^%>fr 8' »»• A mango 


tree ; — a. Of the colour of tender mango 
leaves, green with a tinge of yelldw. 

AMBT wis a. Which cannot bo oblit- 


a. Opposite each other, mutually oppo- 

AMMA rfyp J «./ 

• ■ 


lr>|T}495' 8- fn. The name of a 
medicinal plant {PhyUanthus embbica).' 

Mother ;'^intj. 

t^lft I Uh! mother i^-^mmd- 

mahiUar, 8. m. An orphan, motherless ; 
— ghar fioAt/i d&ne ammnn pihan challi! 
No grain in the house and mother going 
to grind : — Proverb Ujsed of a person who 
pretends to do what is beyond his power 
or position. 



( 31 ) 


' ^W'H^ •• ^' Service, order, 

(used onlj with manna) : — 6>mna fnanna^ 
c. lew ' lie be subject, to be compelled, to 
serre, to obey, to wait upon, to treat with 
consideration or attention. 

a. (//.) Corrupted 
from the Sanskrit 

AMULAK >HJ?3355f 

word Amuhja. Priceless, of great value, 
precious, inestimable, invaluable. 

AMEtAT >>rH9r3 I*, m. (S,) The food 
^ ^ ^^T >>fMfeg J of the gods, the water 

of life, nectar, anythino^ sweet ; ambrosia, 
antidote, water ; wine, (title given to wine 
l>v drunkards); immortality / — amrai 6ani, 
6. f. Sw^uet and holy language : — amrat 
phalf 8, m. Sweet and pleasant fruit: — 
amrai ras^ s, m, Swoet juice or syrup ; 
u q. AmbrcU. 

AMBI >>Of^*- / (^.) A mother, affec- 
tionate, diminutive, from ammdn^ a mother : 
— m^at man jihin bkal hdn ndamrijihdn. 
An auBt is like a mother, but her heart is 
not like a mother's heart. — Proverb ; 
%, q. AmbrL 

AMRITI Ti>aife^ «. f- A kind of sweet- 

less: — amuhrpund, a. Ignorance, stupid- 
ity, recklessness ; «. q. Muhar. 

AMUKK ^ifHoT a. Inexhaustible, un- 

AMOL 1»Ilf9S <»• {S>) Destitute of root 
or origin, without capital. 

AHITLL yMH9F a. Priceless, inestima- 

AMOaiDl l»|THgi^ ad. (M.) TJn- 
necessarily^ uselessly. 

^^ ^lP2S '• ^' Shame, modesty ; affecta- 

uw ; — an aH $. J. A nod, a sign, a mys- 
teriotttf altusioD, affectation ; manner, 

modesty ; —(in kdn^ s. f, Shame. 

ANADAK »|7;i^g ,. m.rn,) Disres- 

pect, disregard, irreverence, indignity, 
affront, slight ; c. w. kamd. 

ANAT »fSr^». / {M.y Failure of 

rain or of the rising of a river or canal ; 

ANAJ nr^^TtT 8. m. Corn, grain, food, 

(incorrectly pronounced ndj) :—andj da 
kirdf 8. m. Grain-wor.m, one who subsists 
on cori^, (a man). 

ANAN y}f7P (3f.) An egg; the eye- 
ball: — 8ukkd dhingar dnen laha^of. What — 
can a dry thornbush bear eggs ? — Proverb. 
" Do men gather grapes of thornsr, or 
figs of thistles 1 " : — change kdran gichc/ii 
ghuien di aggon potendi dnen. It is for 
your good you are throttled, yet you 
protrude your eyeballs. — Proverb^ 

ANAND nrs^r 


8, m. 


(S.) Joy, 
happiness, pleasure, 

delight; ease, tranquillity; content: — 
anand or atiandU, a, Happy, glad ; de- 
lighted, overjoyed .• — anand ho. Are you 
happy ? Are you well ? How do you do ? 
— annnd hand, 8. m. To be happy, to be 
delighted (with), to dsrive pleasure (from) : 
— anand karnd, v. a. To rejoice (at or in 
consequence of) ; to enjoy: — aiiand mangaf-, 
8. »», Mirth, revelry^ comfort :—*. m. An 
epithet of the Deity :— anand mat, a. 
Blessful, blessed : — anaiid sarup, a. God, 
Supreme Spirit. 

ANANDI nfS^ 1 a. (5.) Overjoyed, 
AN AUDI >HT?5^J delighted, happy, 

ckeerfuK'— anandi mahdn mat, «. f. A 
name of the great Hindu Goddess. 

ANAUDTAI nfAtid^if] ». / Joy, hap. 

ANINIT l^fA'Ald^- / Corruption of 

the Persian word Andniyat Egotism, 
boasting, arrogance, seif-oonceit. 


( 32 ) 




a,{S. AM.) Bound- 
less, endless, eter- 

ual, infinite ; (an epithet of God) ;— ». m. 
A cord with fourteen knots or a bracelet 
of silver or gold, which the Hindus tie on 
their right arm on the fourteenth lunar 
'day (of full-moon), of Bhddon, which is 
sacred to Vishn^ and called Anaat 
rhaudas or AnaJii chauden. 

• ■ 

ANAP SANAP >>R5^ TTS^ a.m (Z/.) 

SoTuething unsuitable and injurious ; 
every sort of thing, bad as well as good ; 
an accumulation of calamities ; ' pain and 

ANAR >}17%^^'^' i^') A pomegranate 
{Funica graTiatum) ; a kind of firework : — 
andr dan a, 8, tiu Pomegranate seeds. 

AM A EC AN >>r<SMcb «• «n. A silly, unskil- 
iul, inexpert, clumsy woman. 

ANARBIDDYA >«Ay ftTtlM" ) f. / 

ANASVIDDYA ni?5»gff^^ j Unskil- 

fulness, clumsiness silliness, ignonuKSe, 

Al^Aftl >>f??T^ 9. m. An tunakilfQ], in- 

expert, clumsy person ;an illiterate, igno- 
rant person; blockhead, fooli idiot; a 
novice, a bungler. 

ANABPUNiL »(75Tgy5T 8. m. See 


ANARTH IttC^ a. (S.) Meaningless, 

nonsensical, absurd, fruitless, improper; 
vain ;— «. fn. Absurdity, disadvantage ; 
, fin unmeaning aet, a strange event, a cala- 
mity, misfortune, wrong, injustice, oppres- 
sion, offence, guilt, sin ; 0. w, kamd. 

master. Without husband or master, 
without a protector, without a <;bi«f or 
sovereign ; helpless, an orphan, humble, 

ANAUNA nfJJtfST V. ». To call for, 
to procure. 

ANB >>f5 *• *»• A mango. . . . 

AUBAH igfej 8. m. (Pot) The breaking * 

of a fastening, (as of a well) ; t. ,g, Ambak 
or Aar. .1 

ANBAN »fSgS U. / Dkmgree- " 
ANBANT »fS^33 ) ment, difference, 
misanderetanding, disunion. ' 

ANBHAI »f3|)a. PearlesB, Aiant^ 
ANBHAU ^U^fless. 

< . 




ANARTHI WS^ 8.m/j who 

jierforms a strange act, one who brings a 
calamity on another, or inflicts evil with- 
out sttti&cient reason; a mischief-maker, 
suiner, transgressor. - 

ANATH IfriTS^ «. (S.),A not 'ndil^ 

a. Unerring) without 

ANBUHA msftwUI >« .Unl 
ANBUHU msfennftj^Mlfinarried. 

ANBIDDH >»l3f^a. Imperforate, 

ANBOH >>f§a ». m. (P.) Bee Amb»h: ■ 


ANBOL nrSfSS a. Speechless. 

AlSrOH nre 8,f,\H,) Flame, glat«, 

blaze, flash ; heat, warmth, fire ; mater- 
nal affection, passion, lust; difficulty, trial : 
— 8dnch nun koi dnch nahtn. Fire touch'eth 
not (has no effect upon) truth* truth htm 
nothing to fear. 

AHJTCHALA tiiB^B. m. (3.) The end 

or border of a cloth, ^1, sheet, dc. ; a 
sheet used by JogU. 

ANCHHUH nfSfii:^: (».) the un. 
touched, not defilable by touch. 

ANCHll^T VMdf^d ^ (B.) Thought- 

less, unreflecting, inconsiderate, uncon- 
cerned, unsolieitQus, regardless. 




< 33 ) 


ANOHINTA msf^fer ,, /. Thonght- 

lesaness, uiatifiiition, indifference. (Rare- 
ly used.) 

ANCHODYA IWE^S^PHT a. A bastard, 

a wicked person : — anchodyd tabbar, 8. m. 
A wicked family. 

ANP Y)P3 s. «i, or f. Testicle; the 

9ggB of bjAm : — dnd phuftHt\ v. a. To have 
a lai*ge progeny of ants. 

AND JMI^j./. Seei^Wfi. 

AXDAJA >Hti'tl' ?' w. Corrupted from 

the Persian word Ai^ddzd, A rough 
appi«>ximation, estimation or valuation ; 
a ^es8 at weight or measurement ; time 
in music; mode, manner, ^iy\e :— amlaje 
«ai, ad. In due measure or proportion ; 
approximately or by guess :—andnjd 
kaim^ r. a. To judge of; to estimate the 
valne of; to estimate roughly ; to guess or 

AKpAB niHSig *. /. (^ot.) The 
desire of a female buffalo for the male. 

AKDAR W^^ $. /v The intestines, en- 

traila; — C^-) ""f^^' » child: — dndrdnhhuk- 
khtydn te fnucKh te chaul. An empty sto- 
mach but grains of rice on his moustache. 
— Prov. used of a person who being in 
want swaggers to keep up appearances : — 
indriH id dp vichh dt larnd^ v. n. To be 
hungry : — dndrdn da vihar^ 8. m. A child, 

XNQAR W3H o. Uncastrated, en- 

~~ . • 

ANDAR >>te3 «. *»• (P) The inside ; 
■ j f np . Within, in. 

ANDABDION XHtJdfe^' ) ptep. From 
ANDA&DON ni^3^ f the inner 

ANDABO]^! >>te^ jprcp- From within, 
oat of « 

itNDABWADHXr VMHfd^^l^ «. / 
(M,) Hiccough. 

• s^ 

Sanskrit word And. An egg: — undde dend, 
V. a. To lay i^^g^ \-—(M.) The load' on one 
side of a camel : — wld dnddd, s. w. 
The near load— paWa dnddd, s, m. The 
off load. 

AiXDEKHYA* )rMS%fe5fT a. Unseen, 

invisible, undiscovered. 
ANDESA >M%W 8. m. (P.) Corrupted 

from the Persian woi^d Andeshd. Thought, 
apprehension, suspicion, care, concern, 
anxiety, dread, fear, danger ; c. w. karnd. 

ANDH )r>rq a. Blind, dark ;— *. m. 

Darkness, blindness : — andh ghor, 8. m. 
Dee^p darkness: — andh gnhdr^ s. m. Deep 
darkness or raistinese ;. darkness owing 
to clouds of dust : — undh nagrt heddd rdjd. 
An unjust king, and darkness (tyranny) 
prevails in the city : — andkkdr, «, w. 
Darkness, a WioUs storm of dust aiid 
wind ; tyranny^ misrule : — andh-kup^ 8. 9n. 
A well whose mouth is closed, or a well 
filled up with rubbish, hence* a hell. 

ANDHA Wqr a. Blind, dark, obscm-e, 

difn.i-raadW dhundj a. . Blinding, blind, 
indisciiminate, excessive, violent, outrage- 
ous, rash, wild: — 8. f. Blindness, rasJiness, 
wildness, violence, excess, outrage, dis- 
turbance ; m isgo vera men t, anarchy ;—rad. 
Blindly, indiscriminately, Wildly, rashly, 
violently, outrageously : — andhd dhund 
lufdrui, V. a. To squander outrageously, 
spend most extravagantly. 

ANDHA ' WgT 8.m.' A measure, trial, 

examination, test : — dndhd sdndhd, 8. m. 
Connection, relationship, partnership, 

ANPHAR nJlTH a. m. (M.) Darkness, 

hence tyranny, misrule : — andhdr plyd 
sarkdr nun jo chor badhe kutwdl nun. 
' Blindness has fallen on the Sarkdr when 
it ip the thief that arrests the KotwdL 
— Prov. used to signijhr a gross perver- 
sion of justice ; i. q, Andhkdr. 

ANDHARA nh^rgT a. (M.) Dark :— 
Dtwe dt chutt tale amlhdrd. It is dark 


( 34 1 


under the lamp. Prov. (An^lice. The 
^bblef*8 wife is wijrst shod.) ' 

A^DffiCRr IritUT^ 8, /. (M.).. A dust 
' B^CRtn ;' tyranny, misrule. 

Neighbourhood, vicinity. 
ANDHLA y>FQ9^ a. (H.; See i4»dW. 

Cj5fr )ed, t 

unclean ; 

ANDHOYA' yj,^^ 

-rrM^ihotti or andhol ddl^ $. m. Unhusked 
pulse. . ^. . - 

ANDITTH >MSfe5 o. Uuseen, iavisihJe. 

ANDOAS )fMt!di4 ». m.*Liiiing, « kind of 

."-"' ' *. •••• 

thin cotton clpthr ... 

ANDRF nro^ «. J^ The gutft, the en- 

^ ^^ fc • * 


•^PU^ ^0^1^ ^' UacasiBated) ^titil:^ ) t^. 
ANEK '^^UaoT a. (&). Hore -thasi one, 

Vfeveral:*— afMA; ^Mr, a« Muliiftxrm : 
— anek kdl^ ad. A long time : — anek rvp, 
a^ Multiform, of various kinds, of variable 
mind) fickle I'—anek vidh or bjUA, a. Of 
difEerent ways. 

ANO ^MBT '• ^^ Body, limb, member, part ; 

friendship :-*-a99 ^MlV ' ^^Z v* '^' To 
be mutilated, to be cut off (a limb^ z-— aii^ 
hhang kamdy v. a* To cut off (a hmb), to 
mutilate: — ang h(M^ U. Maimed, having lost 
a limb ; having an engagement partially 
fulfilled: — a^ hamd or jmmd, v.^n, Te 
.accompany, tp defend '^—fiifg -lagndy o. n« 
To be Drought in contact with the body, 
to be embraced : — ang laind^ v. n. To take 
shares or fees (spoken Bv barbers, Brah* 
mans and mirdtu at weddings) ; to num* 
ber; to point out: — ang lagdund, v, u. 
To embrace, clasp; to put on, to wear 
(clothes) ; to unite oi* join, (as in mar- 
riage).iT-a{iSr Mi#f« s. «i/ Relationship, 
kin ; — -prep. In company with, along 
' ~ t, always accompanying. 

AIJIQANT >>tgi2^i./'(i(:) Th^ grains 

that radMun .t>n the threahinf^^lMir after 
the heaps t>f com have been.«amoved. 
Generally the Angant is the perqniaste of 
the moc^» (leather worker or shoemaker.) 
. In some parts iigoes t^ the tenant, in 
others the landlord takes a small quantity 
of grain fix)m the tenant's shave of 4he 
crop in return for leaving him the 
Angant, When the Anginuff has beeii r^ 
moved, the grains embedded in the dust 
of the threshing-floor still r0maiii>*.»'Bhe8e 
are ealled the inid^i, "which is generally 
the perquisite of th«« inocAs»- : . ^. - 

; ' # * 

ANGAR »i}gra *. /. (Pot.y A cat or 

rent, a scratch -or tear t^^akiytdtkig'^iHhrp, 
as a thom» Ac. • » * ' > i ; >• 

ANGAR ni^lIT^ *. Wf. (Pot.) A coal of 


ANGASr YHSF'ftf m.(Jf .) That arrange. 

ment of the ^MT of a Persian- wh^t'oy 
which water is raised to a i fiiiiihUmiliTii 
^ Jbeight above the inouth of the welli '.Ifeia 
effected by lengthenixi^ thai par^ ti the 
Bhurjal or axle of the horizoirtal lantern- 
wheel, which is below the large wheeL 

. to the 'desiited height ; && La0i Hirtki 
the perpendicular wheel at one eiid tand 
the Saif and Mdlh at the other, 'b^mg 
raised on to a scaffolding. The* gear 
worked at railway stations to raise yater 
into the tanks is an Atjigdn. An Angdii 
is used when the masonry cylinder has 

f been built so high that thi) prdinai*y gear 

cannot work at the mouih of the well. 

• ■ • _ * 

ASTGAT >MSBI3 a* In a bad stat^ 6r Mi- 
dition, in a state of 

ANGGA ni^ s. VI. (RO A ooU teach* 

ing down to the knees, an upper gastnsBt, 
l^Jong tunic worn alike bv the JBindas aad 
Muhattmadans of the N^ W. PL; Hie 
former tie it on the right, and Am lUier 
on the left side of the breast. 

ANGGAK )r>|m €( s. m. An'ixaminW. . 
ANGGAS >H9m 8. m. Comqitcd ft^m 


( 35 ) 


theSanfikrit word Aaktu. An izHm instra- 
(Dent used by elephnnt driven, having 

Tobnng^ obedienoe, t* reduce to sub- 


iNflQAf pii^rk t^^ns ^13? »• ♦». To 

ketpproved,* t9 be accepted*' 

* ' ■ r ■ 

iiaroorenngtliebiieaitSjiisedby wimieii; 
^*«. «k er «/. *A relation,* ^insmaa -or 
buwomair;.- a partner in trade ^'-^a^ggi 
kar, jC «. or /. A companion, a co-partner, 
agreement, aoqniescenoe, a^ent, cpne.ent, 
woeptanoe,' bnbmission, acknowledgment, 
mhrnamij otuao^A e- «o- karni: z U Mggt 
kin,i.f. CompanioxLsbipi.eo-parttterelup, 

.NOGrrHX yi^BltSV '• m- Alax^ fire. 
pkee, receptacle for fire, a fire-stand. 

,-** _ » - - 

^ /• r^^^ of 

' %|i^> A smaU tee-place-, a; vessel for 
■ lA&Bg fire, a brasier, grate, hear&, 
'^hafaj^^diflh; a db(Sflmej% 

^W00CHH4 t^gt ^ m. A cloth 

^l^li Hindtt^ ;^ten ronnd the waist 
^ea hashing and afte^ards use to wipe 
rpbasdves with, a towel| a handkerchief ; 



tlie Hindi word Ukglt* A finger: — 
.^||^'dM^orJ»nia«'t^. f».'^. tQ pat 
<iMs iuger on ;' to find fault with, cnti- 
ott; pick boles I overeooae, haarass:^— 
^^997^1 jiha^ndy v. n. To catch hold of 
liiftjqgff in IrarnJTig to wirik^ to ge^ a 

_ v, a. (lU^ to make onto dance on 
^ftim^), to make fun of ; toridienle ; 
*» nrtkefittle ' al z—arnggtOCnfMund, tr. a. 
<^ pikt one's fingemt one ; i* q, Unglu 


^ttWoM in a healing igore ; — anggur 

T'^^^tfr. To become eoaitd and healthy 

U wound.) 

r u* 

tender blade of corn or grass just sproai» 
ing from the ground, a bud ; — a. Of or 
belonging to the gs^i^i-^-^mgg&rihig^' s. 
m. Vineyard, a grape garden : — angguri 
iiVfci, 8,f: €hrape riiubg8bT'>--^aHggirrkLri£bj 
#. /. QvApe wine, 

ANGGUS irHHTH 9. m. Seq yljijfi^v. 

•■^ • » • 

ANGQITTH n(i|p5 i #. w. A thnmb, 
ANOGirrHit >flgp^Ja brg toe :- 

a^gifhi chumnd, v. a. (lit. to kiss the 
thumb). To flatter, play the sycophant : 
— €Mog4(hd dakhdund or vaJchauni, v, o. 
To show the thumb ( in defianoe or 
derision, or to signify h desire for sexual 
intercourse, (an attitude used by women 
in blandishi^ent, also an obscene gsstura 
made in abuse by men) ; to turn o£E with 
a joke ; to withhold, refuse. 

A^GGlTTHf Wt^p^ f, /. A filtger 
ring, a toe ring. 

ANQQlTTHRJi ni^tSW s.,m 
worn on the thumb or big toe. 

ANQGTXR n ldlM ' d 

Ai^TGGrAR^ nigroTra 

Hin<U word Angdra: A ooaJ of fii«, a live 
coal : — anggyir varhnd, v. n. (Kt.) Ttf Wtin 
fire ; to be very hot. , •• • 

AiiQQYXRT nfepifl^ *• / A smati 

coal'of fire '.'—anggyiri vargd, cuk Bed ha 

AfitGHART »fS^>l93 .V wrought, 
AliTGHAIlTX YHS^^lin J unshaped, 
not right, imperfect ; ontaugbt. 

A?JGINT >H2ftl33 


ed, beyond calculation, sumberless.* 
ANGNi^ nv^^ V- a* 7c examine, to 

from the 

f3 ) a. 

7^ ) able, 


I I 


( 36 ) 


prove, to try, to ascertain, to judge, 
to guess, to think. 

ANQRAKKHA nl^raV « w. A coat 
reaching down to the knees. See Anggd. 
ANGYARI nfgiXrP^ I?. /. See Anggyari, 

ANHAR mhlU ». wi. (M.) A groom's 

man, the best man. The two nights 
before a marriage. among Muharamadans 
are called jdggd and inch On the day 
after the mel the bridegroom's party 
start for the bride's house, where the 
wedding takes place. The a^/wir remains 
in attendance on the bridegroom from 
the jdggd till the bridegixjom returns 
home after the wedding. The dnhar^ 
while on duty carries some weapon of 
iron. Before the people were disarmed 
it used to be a sword ; now it ia only a 
knife. His presence is supposed to be 
efficacious in keeping off j-irw, to whose 
attacks bridegrooms are especially ex- 
posed : — tedt dnhar d4 Icerhi nMvan ni- 
shdnin ; gurhiydn akkhin Jchair hovn t^rdd 
for nimdntn. What are the signs and 
marks of your best man ? amorous eyes, 
bless you i and he moves with a humble 
gait; an entire (uncastratcd) animal, 
opposed to khassi, 

ANHEB >M^? *. w. Corrupted from 

the Hindi word Andher. Darkness ; in- 
justice, oppression ; violence, wrong ; 
misrule, misgovemment ; calamity : — 
anher dund, v, n. To be impertinent, to be 
overcome by passion ; to be imprudent : 
— anher ghupp gher, a. • Very dark, dark 
as pitch : — anher hamd or Ttuichdund, v. a. 
To tyrannize, oppress ; to be or become 
indifferent to, to make a disturbance, to 
riot : — anher khdttd^ 8. m, (lit. darfc pit.) 
Misrule, tyranny ; unfairness in accounts 
or dealings. 

ANHERA VM^B^ 8. m. Corrupted from 

the Hindi word Andherd. Darkness, 
obscurity ; — a. Dark, obscure, dim ; mu^h 
anhere, ad, (lit. when the face is indis- 
tinguishable owing to darkness ; when 
there is not sufficient light to see clearly.) 
At the first dawn of da.y, very early in 
i he morning; c. f^. karnd. 

ANHERr W^^ 8. f. Comqpiioftt)f 

the Hindi word Andhert. A storm ; dark- 
ness : — a. Dark : — anhert kofh-t^ s. f. Dark 
chamber; obscure black hole; (rfiet.) sto- 
maoh ; tomb. 

ANHOND mSUTg. 8, m. Destitutiou, 
want, necessity. 

ANHONr YMA^c^ s. m. What never 

can happen, an impossibility ZT^a, Impos* 
sible, unusual, extraordinary. 

ANFL >M?^!Wa. Spotless. 

A^NTN BAHANTN nV7?f ^U'X)' fi^- 
In pretence. 

ANITT *Mfe?a.(^.) Transitory, pcrlBh- 

able, inconstant: — eh paddrafh aniit hai. 
This thing or substance is transitory or 

ANJ >)1fTa. (M.) Spporate, distinct:— 

anjo anj thid id gdlyd hik thid id hachyd. 
United you stand, divided you fall.— 
Proverb : — chandrt rann de panL mbho 
anjo anj. The ill-starred woman had five 
sons ; all remained separate f jx>m one 
another — Proverb, - 

ANJAN>K?IS *• w- Corruption of engine. 

Steam engine : — s. f. The name of a collr- 
rium used chiefly to blacken the eyelidi 
and beautify the eyes. 

ANJAN *Mct1"rt a. Ignorant, stupid, 

foolish ; unaware, undesigiiing, unwitting, 
unknowing ;— «. m. A sti'ange or igno- 
rant person : — anjdn ha^ind, v «. To piay 
the stranger, to pretend ignorance of » 
person or thing. 

ANJH tVi^ad. Thus, so. 

ANJHAL nre?5 *. /. The shade of « 

demon, the demoniacal influence; sk^- 

A'NJHir - »l^) 8. m, Corrupted from 
ANJHir ^^ J the Hindi worf Jf»^ 


( 37 ) 


Tear, tears : — dnjhu kemd, v. a. To shed 
(t«ars), or to pretend to weep : — dnjhu 
k%rmd^ v. n. To How (tears), to shed or drop 
tears ; to weep : — dnjhu ponjhdund, v, a. 
To caofie one's tears to be wiped awaj ; 
to console, to comfort : — dnjhu punjnd, v. 
n. {lit. to wipe away one's tears.) To be 
solaced, comforted. 

iNJfL nltftSf *./. (6?r.)TheNew Testa- 
msnt, tlie Gospel. 

AKJTR ySirtt^ 9. w. (K) A fig (Ftcus 

ANJLr >HtieOI *• /• Joining the palms 

of the hands and lifting them np to the 
forebead in token of reverential saluta- 
tion ; or joining the palms of the hands 
and hollowing them so as to hold or sup- 
port anything. 

ANJOR titS^s. f. Difference, dis- 
agreement, disunion ; misunderstanding. 

AN*K YKSoT a* See Aneh. 
AKKAS WtoTT «• ^' See Anggas. 

AXKATTITX nfSarf^^ a. Uncut, 
unreaped, nnharvested. 

AXKH >MSM »./. Pride, a high sense of 
honour, high*mindedness. 

ANKHT W2WT »• High-minded, proud, 
squeamish, jealous of one's honour. 

kSTAXS WSM^ '• '^^ Corrupted from 

^e Sanskrit word Anumdn. Inference, sup- 
^'^aition, hypothesis, conjecture; analogy, 
(in logic) conclusion ; respect, considera- 
tion : — cMmdn ndL ad, Inferentially ; at 
a guess; c. w. kamd. 

ANMANA mSHS^ a. (JT.) Dull, heavy, 

languid, thoughtful, agitated, regretting, 
lad, troabled in mind, sickly, dissatis- 

ANMANANA nfSMST^P v. n. (Jff.) 

To .. be perplexed, dejected, agitated, 
trioubled in mind. 

ANMANA'DNA mSWH^f S» v,a, (jff.) 
To perplex, agitate. 

ANMULL VH^MTS" o. CoiTupted from 

the Sanskrit word AnmoL Precious, in* 
valuable, beyond all price : — anmuUd, ad. 
Without payment. 

ANN 7i{^ '8. m. (H.) Grain, any edibles 

made of grain ; food, nourishment : — ann 
dd ktrd, 8. m. Grain- worm ; man: — ann ddtdy 
8. m. Food giver, provider, supporter, 
benefactor, patron, master, lord : — ann 
jal or ann pdni^ 8. w. or /. Meat and drink ; 
provisions : — ann jal kamd or pdn kamd, 
V, a. To eat, take food or dine, make a 
meal : — ann kut, 8. m. A festival celebrat- 
ed by Hindus on the day following the 
Dexcdli by offering a large quantity of 
victuals to the Brahmans and Sddhus in a 
temple dedicated to Vishnu : — ann nun 
-tvaddhiyd ruh nd kamd^ v. n. To derive no 
pleasure from food ; to be indifferent, or 
averse to food : — Unn^purnd^ s. f. Satiety; 
name of a goddess, the Ceres of Hindu 
mythology : — ann rasy 8: m. Chyle. 

ANNA ?)P?5« 8, m. An anna, the 16th 

part of a rupee ; the eyeball : — dnnd 
haJhdndy 8, m. Excuse, pretext, pretence : 
— dnnd hacchd^ 8. m. Fice, cash. 




V. n. To go about begging, to be in great 

ANNHA ^^MS^ «. t». Corrupted froin 

the Hindi word Andhd, A blind man : — 
annhd wande 8h%mt mur ghif dpnedn 
nun de. A blind man distributes sweet- 
meats and gives over and over again to his 
own relatives and acquaintances. — Prov. 
used of a man who shows parti- 
ality : — a. Blind : — annhd handund or 
karnd, v. a. To put one's eyes out ; thrpw 
dust in one's eyes ; befool, deceive : — 
annhd hand, or hcjdndy t?. n. To be or be- 
come blind ; to lose one's sight ; not to 
see ; to close or shut one's eyes ; to look 
another way, to pretend not to see. 

ANNHr )Qf^ s. /. Corrupted from the 


( 38 ) 


Hmd} word AndhL A blind woman ; — 
a. Blind. 

ANNIA WfeW )«. rn. Corrupted 
ANNI Atr ynft5y>pQ ) from the Sanskrit 

word Anyde. Wrong, injustice, outrage, 
oppression, tyranny. 

ANNrXr mfiSW^ )a. Corrupted 
ANNIAIN ynfcSWfeS J from tke San- 

skrit word Anydi. Unjust, unequitable, 
lawless, oppressive ; — s, m. or/. An un- 
just or lawless person. 

A^OKH Y)ict^ *• ^- Sometbing uncom- 
mon or wonderful ; a rarity. 

ANOKKHA ti{^}fT a. (H,) Uncommon, 

rare, wonderful ; extraordinary ; singu- 
lar, peculiar, novel, new, strange ; low, 
base, mean. 



. (B.) 

educated, anleamed, unlettered, illiterate, 

ANRAKKH >MSW ) a. (H.) Not 
ANRAKKHA yMS3V ) abstemious, 

intemperate ; neglected, unph)tected, un- 

ANRAS YMdd^ a. (S.) Without juice, 

tasteless, disagreeable ; — s. m. or /. In- 
sipidity, want of flavour or enjoyment, 
• disgust, nauseousness ; coolness, distaste ; 
disagreement, misunderstanding between 

ANRrT YMcbcHB o. (S.) Contrary to 

custom, rule, usage, or practice, unusual; 
— 8, /. Irregularity ; unceremoniousness. 

AtifRUCH Yhedt) a- Disagreeable, not 

relishable, not relished ; not containable ; 

ANRUCHDA ntdddt!' o- Without 

relish, unpleasant. 

ANS WS^ ) *'. /. Corrupted ' from the 
ANS y;^ ) Sanskrit word Ansh, A 

part, divisiou, portion, right, essence ; a 
fraction ; a degree of a circle ; offspring, 

ANSAR Yt^A^^d «• »*. Corrupted from the 

Sanskrit word Ani^sdr. Conformity to 
usage: — ^a«^ ^. According (to), agree- 
ably (to), answering (to), in pursuance 
(of), in conformity (with), following, 
like, as in, after. 

ANSr >M?Jlft *. /. (Pot) A kind of figure 

drawn on the ground in the form of the 
head of a rake, by which a superstitious 
ceremony is performed to prognosticate 
the visits of friends, and so forth. 

ANSIKKH WSftW )a. Corrupt- 
ANSIKKHIA yHSftWW ) ^^ ^^ ^^® 

Hindi word Annkh or Atutkhd, Un- 
learned, uninstructed, untaught. 

ANSUNr >MSg?ft a. (S.) Unheard, 

ANSUNYAN rMSgS^n 8, Those 

persons that might not have heard of a 
thiner before : — A nsunydn nun kion sundondA 
phirdd hain. Why do you go hither and 
thither telling the thing to those persons 
who might not have heard it before. 

ANT >M3 )$, m. (flf.) End, comple- 
ANT y^^lj C tion, the ntmoet extent, 

farthest degree ; limit, boundary ; period ; 
result, fruit, consequence ; the close of 
life, death ; knowledge, secret, myster}', 
riddle : — kar bhcUd ho hhald ant hhale dd 
hhald. Do good, reap good, the fruit of 
good is good ; — a. Fmal, ultimate, last : 
— ant hot or samen or usele, $, m. The last 
time, the end of time, the time of death, 
dying moments; — ad. After all, at last : 
— ant nun or vichch, ad. In the end» 
at last, finally, ultimately : — ant »t»(i tan 
marndn hai. In the end we must die : — 
ant shumdr, s. m. Calculation, limit. 


( 39 ) 


\ knot, 

(H.) A 


ASTSXST n v<iWsi 

tiosKf Tclationship, partnersliip, mtimacy, 
intrig'oe, assignation : — dnf Idgnij v, n. 
To soffer loss, to get into a knot, to be 
connected : — dnf Iduni, v. n. To tie a 
knot, to bring about a coxmection ; to 
injure in trade. 


AKT yW3 8. /. See Antrt. 


s. m. (S.) Understanding, mind, soul, 
conscience, heart ; that which is in the 
TTiiw^^ thought, will, intention, motive. 

AXTAR >M3 »• ^- (-8^) Interior, inside ; 

sonl, mind, heart, supreme spirit; mys- 
tery, secret; difference, contrast; hole, 
opening; internal; — a. Interior, internal ; 
x^eer ; — ad. On one side, out of the way, 
apart, separate, without -y—prep. Within, 
between, amongst: — aniar hhao, s. m. In- 
ternal or inherent nature or disposition : — 
€imtar hodh^ s. m. Consciousness: — antar 
Mayan, s. m. Profound meditation:— 
OMiarjdmh a. Pervading the inward parts, 
knowing the secrets of the heart, (an at- 
tribute of God.) 

ANTARA >M^ s. TO. (H.) A verse, any 

verse of a song, excepting the first ; con- 
seci^uence, distinction, difference. 

ANTO W5 ) 8. TO. or /. Used with 
ANTHNI *UT57^ ) ^9t^ or unfhn} as unth 

dnfh or unthnt dnthni. Camels and such 
like beasts of burden. 

ANTHAKK >>R5^of a. Unwearied, un- 

XNTRI WH^'-/- Corrupted from the 
UbiH word Antrim A gut, or entrail. 

ANU >M^*. w. (S.) A small particle 
of matter, an atom ;-^a. Atomic, minute : 

— anu pdn, s. m. A vehicle (in medicine), 
anything in wliich medicine is mixed, to 
facilitate the taking of it, or which is 
swallowed after the medicine. 

ANUGRAH ni^dl^ '. /. (S.) Favour, 

kindness, indulgence. 

ANUL YMT^TS '•/• SeeAul 
ANULA yMT§9SV s. TO. See Auld. 

ANUN tl^W ^^- /• (^') Mucous or muco- 
pus, such as is voided in tenesmus. 

ANITP >H75V a- (JOT.) Beautiful, incom- 
parable, best, rare. 

ANUTPANN niSfaiRT) a. Un- 
ANUTPATT yMS@3y3^) ci-eated, 

un produced. 

ANWAHNDA >MS^fif^ •• *n. (^O 

(lit. withop.t working), from ** an " ne- 
gative particle, and wahndd present parti- 
ciple of wahuy to move, to work. Hence (1) 
an extra share of the produce, or extra 
rent, taken by a landlord when he has 
cleared the jungle and brought the land 
under cultivation himself, before letting 
it to a tenant. Here the share is called 
Antoahndd because the tenant did not 
work at the clearing of the jungle ; (2) a 
share of the crops taken by one who contri- 
butes nothing to the labour or working ex- 
pense : e. gf., A lends B money, and instead 
of getting his interest in cash receives a 
share in the produce of the land. That 
share is called Anwdhndd because A 
gets it without working the land. 
Again, B mortgages his land to A for a 
sum of money, but continues to cultivate 
the land, paying A a shaie of the crop in 
lieu of interest, A contributing nothing to 
the working. The share paid to A is 
called Anwahndd, 

ANWAT ^WS^Z s. TO. ) (H.) A silver 

ANW Ajr WS^i^ '• /• ) orn»™ent for 

the big toe, worn by women. On the 


( 40 ) 


upper part is fastened a shield of silver 
or enamel. 

ANWATT Wd^cTa. Untwisted, at par 

ANWALA YMisf^l s. m. (H,) The name 

of a sub-acid fmit (Phyllanthue etnblica) 
which is used for medicinal and dyeing 
purposes and for making pickles ; the 
name of the tree on which it gix)ws : — 
dmotUdftdr^ s. f. Sulphur, brimstone ; t. q. 

AP WV prow. (F.) Self, one's self, itself ; 

he, himself; you, yourself; they, them- 
selves: — dp bhald jagg bhald. Good 
yourself, the world is good; — dp mare 
jogg parlo. When I am dead the 
world to me is dead ; — s. m. Selfishness, 
egotism : — dp hitt^ s. /. That which has 
bef^len oneself, the story of one*s own 
sufferings : — dp sudrtht, s. m. Pursuing 
one*s own object, selfish, self-seeking : — 
dp vichch di, ad. Among themselves, 
mutually ; — dp vichch di lafnd, v. n. To 
fight with eacn other or one another. 

APACHCHHARA Wfeg^ *. /. Cor- 

ropted from the Sanskrit word Apsard, 
A female dancer in the court of Indra ; 
a beautiful woman. 

APADDAR >>W^9F 8, m. Corrupted 

from the Sanskrit word TJpadrav. Vio- 
lence, injury, oppression, injustice, ty- 
ranny, insult, calamity, excess ; disturb- 
ance, rebellion, tumult. 

APADDARr y){lj^^ 

. /. ) 

. m. J ed 

Corrupt - 

the Sanskrit word TJpct&uri. An oppres- 
sor, a tyrant ; turbulent, violent; a person 
of skill, one who possesses great inventive 
genius ; t. 9. Updddaran or upaddart. 

PADH nWnj 8, /. Corrupted from the 

Hindi word Vpddh. Violence, injury, 
injustice, tyranny; trouble, annoyance, 
mischief, disl^urbance. 

TADHr VMljncft a. Corrupted from the 

Hindi word Upddhu Violent, unjust ;- 
8. m. Oppressor, tyrant. 

A'PA'N ynn^T 8, m. or /. {pL of dp) We. 
(Used in the Mdlwd districts.) 

APA'O YKVT^ 8, m. Corrupted from the 

Sanskrit word Updy. Scheme, plan, expedi. 
ent ; contrivance, stratagem, way, course, 
means ; remedy, resource, preparation :— 
kuchh apdo mukt dd, karre jagg rahini 
nahtn. Make some plan to get salva- 
tion, you will not always live in this 
world ; c. to. kamd. 

APAR ntVrg a. (8.) Boundless, inter- 

minable, infinite, excessive, impassabje, 
unsurpassed, unrivalled. 

APARADH nfirarir ,. ^. (s.) Fault, 
guilt, crime, transgression ; c. w. karnd. 

APARADHANnfQgTIJS)a.; s. n... /. 
APARADHr Wrarxft l(H,) Guilty, 

an offender, sinner, a transgressor, crimi- 
nal ; %, q, Aprddhan, Aprddht. 

APARAMPAR nW^Hl/ig > «. (H.) 
APARAPAR yMiraryrg ) Bound- 

less, infinite, (a title of Ood) :-^ieri mah 
md^ aparampdr or apard pdr hai. Oh 
God ! thy grandeur or glory is infinite. 

APARAN »WWS 1^. a. (If.) To seize; 

to catch ; — udde tittar apafde. He can 
catch flying partridges.— Prov. used iroD- 
ically of persons who consider them- 
selves very sharp. 

APAS YH^VT? pron. (H.) Each other, 

one another :— dpas vich (ft, ad. Among 
themselves, mutually: — dpas vich larnd, 
V. n. To fight or quarrel with each other 
or one another : — dpas vich rahtHdj v. n. 
To live together, to live together as man 
and wife. 

APATTH >)1l|^ a. Unsuitable; incom- 
patible, (in medicine) contra^indieated ; 
unfit as food or drink in particular com- 
plaints ; unwholesome. 


( 41 . ) 


APAVITTAR yUVf^^ a. Corrupted 

from, the Staflkxit word Apavttrd. Un- 
holy, impure, profane, nnclean, defiled. 

• ■ 


Corrupted from tEe Sanskrit word Apavit- 
TotSii, Impurity, uncleanness, nnboli* 

XPDHAJIAP nnfXT^ar ad, Spontane. 

APE 1^^ pron. One's self : — dpe op, ad. 
One's self. 

APHARA m^lTST,. m. A swelling of the 
belly, Ac. c. w. charhnd or paind. 

APHAHNA iTMSrg^ v. a. To cause to 

swell by over-feeding, Ac. ; to give one 
money to the extent of his utmost desirea ; 
caosal of Apphamd. 

APHARN A W^US^ V. n. Corrupted from 

the .Hindi word Aphamd. To. $well out 
(belly) ; to be satiated, gorged, overload- 
ed (stomach) ; to exceed bounds*, to be 
pufited np with pride ; to be unduly elated 
with success ; to boast, swagger ; to be 
or become very rich. 

APHRAT YMSB^ 8. f, (H.) A swelUng 

of the belly (from over-feeding) ; a but- 
feit, gorging ; superfluity. 

APHRAUNA VM^d'Q^I V. a. To feed 

. one till his stomach swells ; to cram ; to 
satiate ; to give one money, Ac. to his 
heart's desire. 

APHROr yM??Q^ »' f' Income obtained 

by any means besides one's salary, per- 

APHUR rUf^ a. Being free from de- 

APHURAN mf ^iS ) * 

APHURNA ntinsY ) <rf 

• VI, Absence 

AP JAS VKMtlTI 9, m. Corrupted from th e 

Sanskrit word Apayashs. Dishonour, dis- 
grace, infamy, ignominy. 

APKARM yMVISmX *. w. Corrupted 

from the Sanskrit word Apakarm. A 
mean or unworthy action ; wickedness. 

APKARMr YMHoigift * 

r. m. I 


APMAN y){mn3 *• '»'*• Corrupted from 
the Sanskrit word Apamdn. Disrespect, 
disgrace \ contempt ; an afbx)nt ; c. u\ 

APNA >Mnj^ a.. Corrupted from the 

Hindi word Apnd and gen, of dp. Oi or 
belonging to self, own ; personal, private, 
individual, peculiar ; — «. m. One's o^n 
kindred, relatives, friends: — dpnd dfmd, a. 
Each his own ; respective ; particular, 
special; individual : — dpnd hegdnnd or 
pardydy s. m. Relations and strangers ; 
friends and foes ; — dpnd hond^ v. n. To 
become one's own ; to become attached 
to one ; to become one's creature ; to be- 
have like a relation, act as one's own 
kindred : — dpnd kar laind or hand laind, v, 
a. To make (a person or a thing) one's 
own ; to appropriate to one's use, possess 
one's self of, help one's self to ; to own ; 
to usurp ; to gain an ascendency over 
(a person), to win (a person) over to 
one's side, to' attach (a person) to 
one's self, make (another) one's crea- 
ture :—a;mi k%td pdund or dpm karsi 
hharnt, v, n. To reap the fruit of one's 
own misdeeds, to reap what one has sown : 
— dpnd rdg gdund or dpnimdre jdnd, v, n. 
To sing one's own praises, blow one's 
own trumpet, to boast; to be full of one's 
own grievances or affairs : — dpne a^gae 
kande &^W, v, n. To sow thorns m 
one's own way ; to injure one's self : 
— dpne dp vtch mast hond, v. n. To 
glory or revel in one's own means, to 
rejoice in one's independence ; t6 be in- 
different to fortune; to be independent : 
— dpne kwrke, ad. As carefully as 


( 42 ) 


if it were one's own : — dpne pairin kuhdri 
mdmtor kaht mimi^ v. «. To chop off 
one's own feet, to be one's own destroyer 
or enemy : — dpniwaUon^ ad. On one's own 
part or side :-— <fpne wallon sahh kujh harnd 
or w6h Idund, f), n. To do all in one's 
power : — dpnt <yfmijagah or thdn. Each in 
its proper place ; respective or assigned 
places : — dpnt dpni paini, v. n. To be 
keen, each after his own interest or 
affairs — dpnt dhdi pa khichrt (Uagg pakd- 
tftSf, t?. n. lit. to cook one's own khichrt 
(rice boiled with split pnlse and spices) 
all for one's self. To have one's own way : 
— dpift ntnd sound, v. n. To sleep as or 
whep one pleases ; to be one's own master ; 
to be free from all care or anxiety : — 
dpfdnind aaund ate dpn% n(nd ufthnd. To 
sleep at pleasure, and to wake at pfeasnre. 

AE^jAlT nWi'ftid «. /• Family re- 
lations, kindredship; intimacy, friend- 

APOAPlirA nffiJWVST pron. One's 
own, several, respective. 

iPODHAf WQ^n^ "1 #. /. Spon. 
APODHAP W»?XIIl| >taneity;— a. 
APODHAPf nnO^T^ J Spontane. 
' ous ; — ad, Spontaneonsly. 

APO!^ TipiSt ad' Of himself, of itself ; 

of his own accord ; spontaneonsly ; inten- 

APOTARAnA nr^JH^'S^ o. Barefooted. 

APPA9 VMU9 a. Uncultivated or nn- 
tilled (land.) 

APPA^NA WJ^fTS^v- n. To arrive, to 
oome to hand. 

APPEAL yM99? a- Gorrnpted from the 

Sanskrit word Apkal. FroitlesB, barren, 
vain, nnprodnctive, unprofitable, ineffec- 
tual, nseless. 

APPHARNA m^d^l t;. n. See Aphamd, 
APRADH nflj^rq «. m. See Aparddh. 

aprApAr wm^Vcf ) ^p^'^^p^r- 

APSAGA?? >)R|l4d1l& s. w. Cormpted 

from the Sanskrit word ApoMtkun. Ill- 

APTA YHUS^ «. /. Corrupted from the 

Sanskrit word Apdd, Calamity, misfor- 
tune, disaster, evil, danger, trouble, 

APt^T niyn 

APUTT yjixjrg 


. (8.) OhildlcsB. 

APUTTHAnW^o. Inverted, reveised, 
tamed back. 


AR niaf Conj, And. 

A^ YH? 8. /. Stoppage, obstmciion* 

balking, standing fast, contrariety, ob- 
stinacy; c. w. hojdxiy baifh jdm and 

AR W3 s. /. (K) A shoe-maker's awl ; 
the point of a goad ; shame. 

ArA y)fiO' 9, m. A large saw. 
A|lA tifrgts.m, (M.) A sand-hill. 

ARADHljrA nranjST^./. (8.) Wor- 

ship, adoration, religious service ; devo* 
tion, propitiation; supplication, accom- 
plishment ; — i;. a. To worship, to adore, 
to serve ; to propitiate, to supplicate. 

ARAF >>r3S a. Gorrnpted from the 

Arabic word Arif. Wise, sagacious, in- 
genious ; skilled in divine matiare, poe* 
sessing knowledge of Qod and his kmg- 
dom, and of the way of walking well with 
Him ; pious, devout ; — s, m. A holy man, 
a saint. 



( « ) 


.RAHA yjOfcF «• *»• ^ gr^fl* preserve, 

a place where grass is cultirated for the 
Qse of Gk>remment, and others are pro- 
hibited from catting it. 

Rif N YMcl^cl' f' '»• ^ caste among 

Mabammadons emplored in _ 

and in cnltivating lanos for ihe^ prodnc- 

tioQ of vegetables, Ac. ; t. 9. Bdim, 

A RAIL VM97S «• Obstmctive, obstinate, 
perverse; u q. Afyal, 

<A.) Essence, spirit, sap ; sweat. 

i^RAM ^^H^n^ «• ^' Corrupted from the 

Persian word Aram, Best« repose, quiet, 
ease, relief, comfort, convenience ; well- 
being, health ; easy condition or circum- 
stenoes, competency :—ariii» ehdhund^ v. 
a. To desire repose, need rest: — ardm 
desd, V. a. To afford relief; to ease, 
appease, relieve ; to comfort, soothe ; 
to restore to health, cure, heal : — a/rdm 
kad or hojAnA^ y. n. To derive ease, 
comfort, convenience, fto., to become 
well; to become better; to recover: 
-^artful kamd or kardrnd^ v. . a. To 
restore to health, onre, to heal: — ardm 
ka/nd or laind^ v, n. To take rest ; to 
reoover from, fatigue, Ac ; to rest, repose, 
lie down, sleep ; to loll ; to be idle ; to 
lire at ease, onjovment : — a/rdwi fuf2, ad. 
With ease, easily; at one's ease, at 
leisure, comfortably, conveniently, without 
pain or anxietv : — aardmfy pd^nd, v. n. To 
obtain ease, re&ef, comfort, &c., to find 
rest, renose, and become quiet, to recover, 
get well. 

ARANBH n^ )s.m.{8.) Beginning, 
&BANBH ir}P^3 C commencement, un- 

dertsking ; effort, exertion ; c. w, kamd. 

A&A^H^A nv€^^ ) a. (S.) To 
ARANBH^lA ndis^ )hegm, 

^^^^ *H^ V. n. (if.) To he stopped. 

to be arrested: — man^d id ((^nigydy pamyd 
td galyd ; fake we lagge te jowdn un afyd. 
Betrothed, a man is hung up (is done 
for) ; married, he is miped ; money is 
spent and a young man is caught. — 

ARARAT llfSSfT? *• wt. Roaring, mak- 
ing a great noise, rumbling, crying 


ARASAUJjA nraSrfjPT ,;. n. To 

to make a great noise, to rumble, to cry 
aloud. ^ 

ARA^POPO VM^^lTO * *»• A fortune. 


A^Atl >M3^ »• w. Stoppage, balking. 

AltAU^rA YMs^lQ^I V. a. To stop, to 

cause to stand fast, to shut, to put in ; to 
meddle ; to make a great noise. 

A^AWA^jT m^l^fd^ «. a. (Jf.) To stop, 

to arrest, to entanff le .* — garCb de hdl nim 
afdwan lage Ao^ii. They began to entangle 
the poor man's son. 

ARB )^>f99 «. m. Corrupted from the 

Sanskrit word Arhhud, One hundred 
millions ; — (A.) Arabia. 

A9B lf>|{i^^ a. Crooked, perverse; stupid; 

— 8. tit. A foolish talker, an ignorant, 
unpolished person. 

kV^A}^ nffSri^ <. m. (J?.) A strip of 

cloth worn by Hindu Sddhus, passing 
from the waist between the thighs and 
fastened behind. 

A^BAljrGA >MW^3n ) a. (JSr.) Crooked, 
AIJBI^GA > ^gjPgjH ) uneven; one 

who walks obliquely ; unprincipled. 

ARBELf md^^ 
ARBELA?f n{3^ 

5t ) * / 

from the 



( 44 ) 


Hindi word Albeit. Artleas, simple, in- 
nocent ; i, q» Albeit, 

AlglBH IflfSS o,' See Arb. 

ARBf Yhd^ ^' f' '^^^ name of an escn- 

lent root ; the corruption of the Arabic 
word Araht^ the Arabic language : — arbi 
ghordj 8. m. The Arab horse. 

ARCHA YMcTB' «• /. (S.) Devotion, 
adoration, worship ; an image. 

ACIDAL >)l9(t:M *• /. Corrupted from 

the English word ** order." Duty of a 
servant or a peon ; attendance on a chief. 

A^DALt VhrltSMi «• /• Corruption of 

the English word "orderly." An orderly ; 
a peon in regular attendance on an 
official, or a chief, for conveying mes- 
sages* or carrying letters and orders, or 
watching the entry of a palace^ &c. An 
attendant who runs before his master's 

ARDAS YMU^'Tf 8.f. (H.) Petition; 

a letter, representation, request, entreaty, 
supplication, an offering (to a Deity), 
used mostly by the Sikhs ; c. w. Ka/md, 

ABDAsfYA Wg^TTjftBP 8.f, Petitioner, 

supplicator, one who ofiPers (to a Deity) ; 
a Sikh priest who offers prayers (to 
the Deity.) 

ARDBAJAR ^MS^^THH «• "^ "^he 
common market, the open street. 

ARDHAWA IW^in^ 8. m. Coarsely 
ground meal, food for horses. 

AREL VU^9S ^- /• "^^^ Eame of a tool 

used by gold-beaters ; an instrument 
through which wire is drawn. 

A^BNGA^f m^'dl^ s, /. A mode of 

wrestling with the legs ; — afingafi 
parCngafty s. f. Complicated matters. 

ARERE ^Ifoo f^' Nearer, very near; 
t. q. Urere, 

A9SS ^M^TT 8. /. Co&Tulsioix. com. 
plication ; difficulty. 

ARE?! n(8^ )- 8. /. 

ARE?f (PiiAi?) ni^^HuF^ ) T'** 

small piece of wood fixed like the fungs 
of a ladder between the two ropee of 4 
Persian wheel, and to which ihe pot^ are 
tied: — mdlh arejrcM or arerniy v, n. Tu 
fix the rungs in a mdlh, 

ARQAJA VHddM^ *. i». (S.) Th# 

name of a perfume of a yellow colour, 
and compounded of scented ingredients. 

ARGAL >>lddlM «• «»• One or two lega 

of a horse different in colour to the rest 
of the body. If all four are of. the 
same colour, it is considered a good 
point; four white stockings fbre al^o 
good, two bad, and one very bad. 

ARGA?A lllddlf^l «• f^ Riding scho&L 

ARGHA WB^ a. m. a copper vesael 

shaped like a boat, used by Hindus in 
pouring out their libations. 

ARGH DENA VH^Uf §2? t,. f». Ta 

peup libations to the sun, kc^ to make 
an offering to a god» 

A^HAT >MT9H * /• See AKfot. 

ARHI YH^^vft *. /. (M) A mirror ; s 

woman^B thumb ring, with a small mirrer 
fixed in it. See Arsi, 

ARHIUlJI nid(ll6* *. /. (M.) Mustard 

(Brassica juncea,) To be distinguished 
from Ifssun (Bra88ica eruca,) 






Ajf >M^ 8. /. {R.) Perversily, naughti- 
ness : — Aft mdr, 8, m, A dissolute fellov, 
ail astute fellow, knave, rogue, rascal ; 
a lascivious, lewd fellow ; c. w. Mdmd. 


( 4r> ) 


kRi m'Uf '• /* A small or hand saw ; 

a kind of laz^ cucumber ; — a. Helpless, 
in need ; — art ho^d, v. n. To be helpless, 
to be dependent, to be under obligation : 
—M kamd^ v, a. To bring into a state 
of dependence, to bring under obligation. 

ASti ^^IT^ ^- w- A friend^ a companion ; 
% Bsnd-hill. 

AHfA YM'^'M' <• m- A kind of large 

ARIA >MfkW \ intf. Oh ! Ho ! HaUoo ! 
ARtEif)(^^ ) Friend! (addressed to a 

man or woman by females generally.) 

arikkA nffkofr 

8. m. 


tripping, an obstacle, check, obstruction, 
opposition, resistance : — arikkd dhdund or 
paund, V. n. To obstruct, to make difficul- 

AfilND YMIo^ *• /• The castor-oil tree, 

(Bdeifuu comvuunts) : — arin4 dd tely s. m. 
Castor-oil, used medicinally and for burn- 
ing; %. q. ffarind. 

UtO yUP^Q s, m. (Pot.) A word used 
to call buffaloes. 

ARINGGA y)|(kdi> *. w. A mode of 

wrestUng; tripping, an obstacle : — af^nggd 
haringgd^ s. f. Something crooked ; the 
luune of a play : — afinggd mdmd, v. a. To 
thwart, obstruct. 

^^W3tT s, /. Corrupted from the 

Arabic word ^rv. A petition, request; 
breadth, width (of a piece of cloth) : — 
*«7 manjf, s. f. Request, petition ; c. w, 

^A YHV^TfT g.f. Age, lifetime. 

ARJ AX m^ft??? *■ w. Sanskint Arjun. 
The fifth Guru of the Sikha. 


ABJr *>1dffl «•/• Corrupted from the 

Arabic word Arzt, A written petition, 
memorial, request, representation, lettei* 
(from an inferior) : — afj{ nevts^ 8. m. 
One who writes petitions for suitors, a 
scrivener, d" notary ; c. w, deud or latnd. 

ARJO >M9fH ) ». /• Corrupted from 


the Persian word jfrzu. 

Hope, desire, wish ; want, supplication, 

ARK MARK nT^oT WafST «/. Blandish, 
meat, coquetry ; i» q. Afak mafak, 

ARKNA y>f|i)o(£i V. n. Corrupted from 

the Hindi word, Afknd. To be stopped, 
to be prevented, to adhere, to stick, to 
stop ; to stay, to delay ; to spell one's 
words ; to be unable to read fluently. 

ARL y>tdM «• /• The bolt of a door, made 
of wood, and attached to the frame. 

ARLr YM39^ 9- /• The b<^t of a door, 

made of wood, and attached to the frame; 
a small bolt or latch, the pin in a hvlt 
lock's yoke. 

ARMAN VHgfWS *• ^' (P) Desire, rest 

wish, inclination, longing ; hope, eager- 
ness ; sorrow, regret, remorse, repent- 
ance : — armdn nikdlndy or nikdl laind^ 
V. a. To satisfy one's longing, gratify 
one's wishes : — armdn nikdlnd, v. n. To 
be satisfied or gratified : — armdn rah 
jdnd^ V. n. To be disappointed of one's 
wiahes or hopes, to have one's hopes or de? 
sires ungratified. Also used vulgarly for 

ARNA >H33Tr. n. To stop, to stick 
fast, to baulk. 

ARNA >Hg35^ 8. m 
ARNr nfg^ . 

m. ) {H.) A wi 
. /. ) falo. 

Id buf. 


( ^ ) 


AROG VM^BT a. (S,) Free from disease, 

sound, healthy, well ; — 8. w. A healthy 
. person. 

AROGAN m^BTS «/• )(S.) One free 
AROGr VM^^ s. m. ) from sick- 
ness ; a person in perfect health. 

AROK Y)loo( a. Unhindered, free from 

AlftOS-PAROS m^lT^*. m. (H.) 
Vicinity, neighbourhood. 

AROSr-PAROSr >»#3ftl|#jft .. m. 

A neighbour. 

ARPAN m^llS s. m. (8.) Offering, 

gift, sacrifice ; a sum set apart for 
religious or charitable purposes; c. to. 

ARPARWARnpgifg^ig^.w. Family, 
dependents, attendants, descendants. 

ARPNA YMBVET V. a. (JET.). To pre- 
sent an offering, to surrender. 

ARs mgn 

ABSH ni^ 


s. m, (A,) A roof ; a 
throne ; the ninth hea- 

ven, where the throne of Gtod is supposed 
to be (the term used by Muhammadans) : 
— arsh kursh, s. m. The throne and seat 
of the Almighty; the highest dignity. 

ARTA WH3T 8, m, A ceremony per- 
formed by the Sikhs in adoration of the 
Supreme Being by waving burning lamps 
before their holy book the Qranth Sahib; 
the hymns in praise of God sung on the 
occasion of performing the ceremony ; a 
platter containing a burning lamp with 
several wicks. 

AilTALA ntSfHTS^ «. w. (J.) Defence, 
protection, shelter, a screen. 

ARTE VHd^ 8, m. (S.) Interpretation, 
definition, meaning, signification, sense, 

intention, design ; request, begg^g ; cause, 
accounts, sake; benefit. 

ARTHAT >>rangiHa«. (JET.) That 


to say, namely ; to wit ; for example, for 

ARTHr nra^ 

ARTHfA >Mg^bfMT 


. (S.) Needy, 

desirous, having an object to accomplish, 
self-interpsted, designing ; — ». m. A peti. 
tioner, supplicant, beggar. 

ARTr nrg^ «. /. (S.) a ceremony 

performed in adoration of the gods by 
waving burning lamps round the head 
of the image, or before it, accompanied 
with boisterous music and ringmg of 
bells ; hymns sung in praise of the gods 
worshipped on the occasion of perform- 
ing the ceremony; a platter containing 
a burning lamp with several wicks. 

A^U W^ 8. m. A peach (Prunu8 doiMs- 

ARUGH y^dtJ ^' Unpalatable, naofle- 
ous, disagreeable. 

ARUCHNA >MdtJd< «• »• To be ub- 

palatable, to be disagreeable. 

ARITJ >Mofi «• w. (-4.) Ascent, rising, 
increasing in dignity; dignity, honor. 

ARUNGGA m|[^ «. m. Hindi Jrfliwy^'. 
The bar of a door ; an obstacle. 

ARUNGNA n{§9n9 V. ». To fasten, 
(a skirt of a cloth, &c.) 

ARI7P )^M9V a. (S.) Shapeless, de- 
formed, ugly. 

ARITRF YM^^ «./. Manure, a dung-hill. 

A^TAL nicJIHM a. Stepping, refns- 
ing to go (a horse), obstinate, perverse. 


( 47 ; 


AS WW "1 «. /. Hope, dependence, 

ASX >M^ > confidence, trust, reli- 
ASH4' y)TOt J ance, protection; ex- 
pectation of issue or offspring : — ds puri 
homi. V. n. To be gratified in one's de- 
six^; to have one's hopes or expecta- 
tions' fulfilled :— a^ pura hat deaJ, v. a. 
To gratify (one's) desire, to fulfil the 
wishes (of) ; answer the prayer (of) :— 
ds raUkhmi or hond, v, a. To entertain or 
cherish a hope ; to desire, to look (to), 
to expect (from), to rejpose trust in, to 
have confidence in;— a«f vant, or vanti, 
«. m.,/. One who is hopeful, an expectant. 

. > pron, Uur. 


ASADH >MIPXI a. (8.) Unholy, evil. 

minded, thievish, unsettled, unaccom- 
plished ; impracticable, impossible ; in- 
credible ; dangerously ill) incurable. 

ASAG A^ VMHHTS *• ^- Corrupted from 
the Sanskrit word Ashhun, A bad omen. 

ASAHAN WURFiww. See Asdnun 

ASAK >M'MoI s. i». Corrupted from the 
Arabic word Ashiq. Iiover. 

ASAK ^HWoT s. m, or/. One who is not 
& relation ; non-relationship. 

ASAK AT nWora*./. Corrupted from 

the Sanskrit word AshakH, Weakness, 
inability, incapacity ;— a. Fond, attached. 

ASAKH mWy a. (iST.) Not trust- 
worthy, without credit or reputation, of 
bad faith ;— «. /. Bad faith. 

ASAKr VMrnsft *. / Corrupted from 

the Arabic ww^ Ashaki, Love, being in 
love, love-making, amorousness ; t. q. 

ASAKTI' s.m.r HH6lS 





A lazy, sluggish, indolent person ; a slug- 
gard ; — a. Weak, powerless, impotent. 

ASAMAJH nrRK9 «• Without un- 
derstanding, foolish. 

ASA^IARTH YMTIHlfB? ) a. (S.) 
ASAMARTHA n!Tr3W3^ } Weak, 

powerless, unfit, incompetent ; — s, f. 
Weakness, impotence. 

ASAMARTHr s, m. ni7TK9^ 

Impotent, incompetent, a weak or power- 
less person. 

ASAMBHAV nWMg^ a. (8.) Uncom- 
mon, absurd, inconsistent, incompatible, 
unlikely, unreasonable, impossible. 

ASAMr VM7n)ft«./.,m. Post, employment ; 

a tenant, one who cultivates another's 
land on an agreement to give part of the 
produce; a debtor; culprit, deiendant. 

ASAN VM^'A '• ^- Corrupted from the 

Arabic word Ihsdn, Beneficence, favour, 
kindness, obligation ; c, w. kamd,^ rnkkhnd. 

ASAN YMTirS a. Corruption of the Per- 
sian word Asdn. Easy, commodious, con- 
venient; c. w. hondy kamd. Also written 

ASAljI t^fVpron. We. 

ASAN tiVH^ «• w- (S.) A stool, seat, 

a woollen rug on which Hindus sit to 
perform their devotions, or to take their 
food ; posture, attitude, sitting, parti- 
cularly the attitudes used by jogis in 
their devotional exercises, of which they 
enumerate eighty four ; modes of sexual 
intercourse (36 in number) ; sitting with 
crossed legs : — dsanjamdund, v. n. To have 
a good gnp with the thighs (in riding), 
to sit firmly, stick (on) : — dsoM lagdund^ 
V. n. To sit down, settle, take up one's 

ASANPA nm^pron, SeeAsddd. 


( ^S ) 


ASANG >M1^ o. Shameless; undoubt- 
ed ; — s. m. Bad society. 

ASANGAT Wn^IH *. /. Bad com. 
* pany. 

ASA'NF mrppft .^. /. Corrupted from 

the Persian word Asdni. Facility, easi- 

ASANKH nnS>4 a. Corrupted from the 

San^rit word Aaankhyd. Countless, in- 

ASANSA YMl$7|T)a. Corrupted from 

ASANSA IfMTrnr J the . Sanskrit word 

Asanshaya. Without anxiety, free from 
solicitude, undoubted. 

ASANTOKH YH^^V »• w. (6.) Dis- 
content, dissatisfaction, displeasure. 

ASANTOKHAN ^Mlft^t*^ ^'-^l^ ^^^" 
ASANTOKHr TM'W^^ft ** *^ ) *^^^- 
tented, dissatisfied person. 

ASANIJN >>rJP5 pron. To us. 

ASATT nm^ a. IS.) Corrupted from 

the Sanskrit word, Aioitya. False, wron^ 
untrue, unrighteous ;— 5.- m. UntruiS' 
nnrighteousneas ; c. w, kamd, 

ASAURr »WTf^t -| ,.^. (^) 
mjmm WTHf ^t V The x..„e, 
ASXWABr »TOT^t J of certain 
kinds of songB and music {rdgsi). 

ASBiffi niTI^I^ ». «. M.)App«ra(u8. 

matOTialB; goods, property; fnmitnwj, 
articles, things; commodities; stores 
provisions ; baggage, luggage. 

ASE-LAGG^A nr^^S^SI t. n. To be- 
come pregnant (spoken of cattle.) 

ASGAH YHTraiTU «. Unfordablo 


\e name 

SAR VHTT? s. m. {A.) Impression, 

influence, effect, result, consequence, fruit, 
c. w, hond, kamd : — fff.J Corruption of the 
Sanskrit word Agur, A wretch, a demon, 
evil spirit (the Asars are said to inhabit 
the South Pole, and are considered to be 
demons of the first order, and at constant 
enmity with the gods) : — aear pcuar, a. 
Useless, trifling, worthless. 

SAR VM^'d *• w. Mark, sign ; width 

of a wall ; — a. According to, in agree- 
ment with ; sapless, unsubstantial, un- 
profitable, vain. 


WTUS ^- Unprotected, ex- 

^l%8 flexu98a. 

ASHAK yiPQSr 8. m. Corrupted from 

the Arabic word Athiq, Lover, paramour - 
a careless fellow. ' 

ASHAKr mWoh 8, /. Cormption of 

the Arabic word Ashiqi. Love, court- 
ship ; c. w. kartid, 

ASHARAH VMiUldU «• w. Sign, signal, 
loTe glances, ogling ; c. w. kamd. 

ASHK YMVoT Cormption of the Arabic 

word Ishq, Love, passion :—<wi^2'ccW, 
8. m. The American Jasmine (Quamoc^ 
lit vulgarU,) Also written Ishq-pechd. 

ASHKE >WEP$ tii<^*. Corrupted from the 

Arabic word Jfshke. Bravo ! 

ASHKEL nrer^W 8. m. (M,} Phi, 
treachery, a false snii.^ashkendd IdlA he; 


( 49 ) 


ctshkel kithdon nkhan var^an is. He is 
the father of plotters ; where need he go 
to learn treacherj ? — kachery compli- 

ASHRAP nnSrgT^ *. m. (A.)pl of Shari/, 

Nobles, grandees, gentlemen, men of high 
extraction ; — a. Well-born, of good f ami- 
Ij, noble, gentle, meek, mild ; honourable, 
respectable, refined, courteoas, ni'bane. 

ASHEAFAT nrerar^fH s.f, (A,) Gen- 
tleness, affability; amiability; civility, 
urbanity, honour, respectability, courtesy; 
politeness, good breeding, good manners. 

ASHT rWffE 9. m. Eight i—aaht hhuji, 

a. Possessed of eight arms : — asJifpadi, 8, f. 
Containing eight verses:— a,*A^ siddhia, s.f. 
Semi-divine beings of great purity and 
holiness, specially characterised by the 
eight supernatural facultie3, of which 
animdn is the first ; a personification of 
the powers and laws of nature when 
they are subjecied to the human will by 
holiness and austerities. 

ASHTMr »ra^ *./.(«.) The eighth 

day of the moon, when the Hindus wor- 
ship Burgd :—janam ashfmi, s. f. The 
eighth day of Bhadra Krishna paksK the 
birthday of Krishna. 

ASIDDH n{ftrq'a.(«0 Imperfect, not 

effected, not ready, unproven, invalid, 
false, making false pretensions to super- 
natui-al powers. (Rarely used.) 

word Ashirhdd. Blessing, benediction, 
salutation; c. v. dend or Jcarnd. 

ASrS >MTftH ) 8.f,(E.) Prayer, 
ASrS^tr Wftrr^ ) blessing, benedic- 

tion; return of compliments from a 
superior (Hindu.) 

ASK >H7?or */ m. Corruption of the 

Arabic word Ishk. See A,U. (Seldom 
used* ) 

ASKAR WTorgra. Corrupted fix)m the 

Arabic word Aksar. Most, many, muHi ; 
—ad. Often, usually, for the most part, 
generally. * » 

ASKAT lOmSCS '. f. Seo Asakt. 
ASKATA^r nmoTBS s.f. ) See Asa. 

^SKTf ,jn,5j^ 

»• »»• 1 kaian. 




Well-bom, noble, 

geumne, of a «ood disposition, gentle, 
mild high-sp.nted; free from vice (ani- 
m&hj :—tunl ffhord. A quiet horse. 

ASFN >)nfl" pron. (pi. of main.) We. 

Ism-PAsm mrjft^ vrjft^ ^. on 

the sides, roundabout. 

ASfBBAD WftH^I^-j ,. ^. „r/. 

*>l*fld^"tf I Corrupted 
Wlfldyi^ j from the 
'M'Wld^'^ Sanskrit 




principal sum, stock in trade; truth 
reality ;— o. True, excellent, real! 


longing to the vicinity, i-oundabout. 

LSLf rm^ a. (A.) Original, radical, 
essential, genuine, true. 

.SMAN nm^r^s.m. Corruptedfromthe 

Arabic word .rf^waw. Heaven, sky, firm a- 
ment '.—asm an de tdre tornd, v. n. lit. To 
puJl down stars fi'om the sky; to be very 
skilful or expert in business or trade :-- 
anwdnndl galldn kanjd, v. n. To reach to 
the sky ; to vie with the sky (in height) • 
tobeveryhigh;to cvoeed in might or 
appearance i—asnidn tU.n diqgud, v. n To 
di'op from the sky, to fall from the 
clouds; to be undervalue J ; to be regard- 
ed as worthless. 

SMANf nUWr^ a. Hearenly. celes- 
tial, divine ; sky-coloured i—asucdnt gold. 


{ SO ) 




s. m. A calamity from heaven, divine | A S-PAS WHVT! 


s, m. Vicinity. 

AHMEDH »HlIpTI *. *»• Corrapted from 

t'lo Sanskrit words Ashav wedh. The 
U (n-se sacrifice. One of the greatest of 
the* saorifices performed by kings, with 
intricate details, and an clahoi'at<^ ritual, 
on assumption of universal domain. 

ASNA XKHJ? s. Wv or/. Corrupted from 

the Persian word Afihnd. An acquaint- 
ance, a friend, intimate friond, a 
lover ; sweetheart ; paramour, mistress, 
concubine ; — a. Acquainted, knowing. 

^^NAf WRT?^ *• /• Corruption of 

the Persian word Ashndi. Acquaintance, 
friendship, intimacy, familiarity; con- 
tu'ci ;o!i, relatioiiship ; carnal intercourse : , 
T-<iu>rcit ashndi\ s. /. Knowledge by sight 
only, a foimial acquaintance. 

ASNAN WWA'i *♦ •»• Corrupted from 

the Sanskrit word /I .$^7W?. Bathing, ablu- 
tion, purification: — Gangd ashndn^ 8* m» 
Bathing in the Ganges. 


proximity, neighbourhood ; neighbours ; 
• — ad., pr^p. Around, on all sides, round- 
about, close to, on evtry side ; here- 
abouts ; right and left :— a. Neighbour- 
ing, adjacent ; adjoiulug, all about, all 

ASPASLA nnrVTT^ a. Pertaining to 

the vicinity, being immediately round- 

asnAnan >MWA'Aci; *• / 



ne who 

hahitaally .with the view of washing 
away sin, or of acquiring merit. 

ASOBHA nriSgr s.f. (H.) A bad re- 

piitation, a bad name, or a bad appear- 

ASOCH YH^B Or- (ff) Inconceivable, 

not to be effected by reflection or study ; 
un cared for. 

ASOCHf nW^ «. (^O Careless, in- 
different, auconoerned. 

ASOG m^cd «. /. (V) Base, tranquill- 
ity, comfort, cheerfulness. 

ASOOf >M^^ a,' (^ ) At case, nmnoleet^ 

pd, cheerful. 

vASPAT nirWrg s. /. steel. 

ASRA WJigT s. f. Trust, reliance ; 

dependence, assurance ; confidence ; 
hope, expectation ; pi*otection, security ; 
help ; means of subsistence, livelihood. 

ASRAL nWaro 5. m. A kind of 
largie serpent ; an alligator. 

ASRAM n(nraM s. m. (//.) Abode, 

residence (of a religious man) ; hermit- 
age, college, school ; a class or rciigloua 
order (of which four are specified in the 
ancient books, referable to the di.ifererit 
periods of a Bi-ahinan's life, viz. {1) 
During youth the BraJivuxclidri who 

. devotes his life to study religious exer- 
cises, nusterity, and eelibacy ; (2) Dur- 
ing manhood the Qar'mMiviho lives in 
the world and rears a faniiJy. (3) Dur- 
ing ad\ anting age the Vdnparastlui who 
retires from the world with his family 
and passes his life in devotion iu the 

' forest. (4) During old ni^'-e the Sanydsi^ 
who, dead to the world, subsists onaimi?. 

ASRAM Wngr^T 8, m. Rest. See Ardtn. 

ASRIT Wflfddt *• '^' C^) A depend- 
ant, one that .truste or depends on an- 

ASSA WW s.m,,f. A rod, a sceptre; 

desire ; hope ; a musi'^'al mode, the name 
of a son * — dssd pdssd^ ad. On all &;dos ; 

ASSAR W^3 *. w. or/. A youth. 

Asse-laggnA nP""^ Vy3(SJ ^ « To 

become pregnant (spoken of cattle). 


( 51 ) 



ASSf TMrft *•. /. The sliarp margin of 
anything, as of a board ; — a. Eighty. 

ASSfA wftyXT i *. w. The eightieth 

ASStJ TM?^ *. w. The name of the 6th 

month of the Hindu year (from middle 
(if September to middle of October). 

AST WTI3 s. w. (n.y Setting of the 

nan, sunset, evening, twib'ght ; the west ; 
the ashes of the dead, the bones and 
other parts which remain un consumed 
after cremation: — ast a^t karnd, v. n. To 
welcome, to receive in a familiar manner, 
ia take pains, to make one welcome :— 
asi he^ast' baknd, v. n. To talk noxhsensev 

ASTA Wn^ a. See Asafthd, 

ASTA JANA WRH^ TT^T V. n. To stop, 

to pause, to stand still, to rest ; t. q. 

ASTAK >MTr3or s. f. A song in honour 
of a tutelary saint or deity. 

ASTAM-PASTAM nW^V Vl!^^s.m. 

. Little things, odds and ends, trifles^ knick- 
knacks. . 

A STAR y)fJT^ s. m. (P.) The lining of 

a garment :-*-'^/.^^r bft.<Mr^ s. m. Clothes 
of every driSfripdon, dry poods of various 
kinds: — attar kdru s. f. IMasttM'ing, the 
work done in plaster; c. to, karnd. 

ASTAR f^t^a. Corrupted from the 

Sanskrit word Asfhxr. Restless, unsteady, 
unstable, uncertain ; Satan ; wicked. 

ASTAUNA nfnBT§^tr. n. See Astdjdnd. 

astAwa nWH^ / «. w. A 

ASTAWARA y HJ^jl^-j T ) drinking 
vessel with a spoilt like that of a teapot. 

ASTE YH'H^ ^^- Corrupted from the 

Persian word Ah'stah. Slowly, gently ; 
gradually ; at one's convenience. 

ASTHAN THWHIi 8. m, (i/.) Plnce, 

locality, spot ; post, seat, station ; abode, 
residence ; temple, shrine. 

Establishment, the act of aBtablinh- 
xag, appointment-: — -asthdpcM kami, c. >t. 
' To establish, to dedicate, fix, set. 


ASTHAWAR y H;<tj'^d 

) ed 

Corrupt - 
from the 

Sanskrit word Sathar^ Finn, steady, 
stable, atagnant, immovable. 

4.STHt5L >MTW?5 a. (S.) Large, not 


ASTi nW^ *. A Tbe ashes of the de«d ; 

the bones and any cither part« which re^ 
main unconsumed after cremation* 

ASTIn lOtTFT^fe *. /. Persian word 
Astin. The sleeve of a garment. 

ASTfSAN nW^tnS *' ^' Cormpied 

from the English word " Station. ^Railw ay 

ASTM! WR^lft s. /. See Ashtmi 


ASTNA yHUdi} V. ». To set, (the sun). 
kSlT W^ *. w- Tears; t. q. Ansu. 
ASUAR WRWg s. m. See Asunir. 
ASUARf yjTOW^ s. /. See Jstcdri. 

ASUBH W^ a. Bad, unfortunate, 

unfavourable, inauspicious, unlucky, 

ASXJDDH WHlf a. Sanskrit word if ««i<?A. 
Impure, incorrect, inaccurate ; mistaken. 

ASUJH yMffSF a. Invisible, blind, igno- 

ASWAR YMM^'d a. (P.) Mounted, 

riding (on anything) ;— «. ift. A rider 
a horseman, a mounted soldier. 


( 52 ) 


ASWiRT n <H<^'cfl 9. f, (P.) Convey- 
ance', fas a horse, elephant, eamel, carri- 
u^e, cle.) ; the name of a musical mode. 

AT rnZs'/AM.) Alluvial deposit, 

ArAr ^. m. YMHT^ ) (ff.) One who 
ATA I^ s. f. mgrfes > has taken up a 

business different from that of his fore- 
fathers; unskilful (applied especially to 

ATAINK >M^^ a. Separate, alone. 

ATAK >M2or*. 7. Prevention, check; 

stopp.'^fje, interruption; hindrance, ob- 
sti»uotion ; the river Indus, the name 
<*f a town near Peshawar, on the banks 
of the Indus river: — a(<ikiinataky s, f. 
Blandishment, coquetry. 

ATAKNA >H5Ior2? V. n. To be stopped, 

tn he prevented, to adhere, to stick in 
-tlj*^ throat ; to be unable to read fluently ; 
nn realised, (money) ; to draw one's 
it eation. 

* • . * ' 

ATA LA >M3T35T*. w. A heap, a pile 

or bai^srage^ a platform (of earth or 
misonry work) to sit on, such for exam- 
pie, a^ IS often made round the trunk of 
fv- trc»e. 

A.rALL rtt^ a. (B.J Immovable, 

fixed, stafcionaiy, unchangeable, immut- 
able: permanent, lasting, final, eternal. 

ATAX W3S *. m. {M.) A party of Yfo- 

^leri coJlected to spin thread together ; a 
Spinning Bee:— a^an di khi( bhaj gai. The 
^r.:nnmg party broke up i-^dtan di rann 
V7 har na kamm. A woman at a spinning- 
pa* tr is not of the slightest use, (Pro- 
verS. on the way women waste their time at 
sr inning parties) :-^tan vkhmheliydnnit 
IMin te hasen; rnainkun hijh taun dost de 
raUn dihdn naUn chain. In spinning 

parties the girls are always playing and 
laughing ; without you, friend, I haVe no 
rest by night or day. 

ATANK >M^or a. See AtainJc. 

ATAR ^Q{3 s. m. CoiTuptod from the 

Arabic word Ifar. Perfume, fragranro, 
essence: — atarddn^ s. m. A perfnme box; 
an ornament worn by women on the 

ATAR r^ a. Vexed, troubled, dis- 
tressed ; needy. 

ATAR W3^ s.m. {A.) A maker or 

seller of perfumes and essences. A drug- 
gist ; an apothecary. 

ATARrnfHT^ #. /, (J.) The buainw* 
of a druggist. 

ATARF W2Tf^ *./. (H,) A small room 
built on the i\)of of a house ; balcony. 

ATARAUNA >M^dlQ6» t7. n. To be. 
have impudently ; to give one*s self airs. 

atAsata nrgnie^ ) *• «»« G^vin^ 

ATA SATHA nicJ'Wai ) or taking a 

quantity by guess, a random estimate ; 
i, g. Afsafd. 


ATAU *M^^ *. w, Th© fact of bebg 
contained (in anything.) 

ATBAR WB^Spg 8, m. Corrupted from 

the Arabic word Eteb4r. Belief, faith ; 
confidence, trust, reliance ; authonty ; 
respect, regard, esteem ; veneration : — 
atlfdr khond, v, n. To lose o^e'8 credit j 
c. tc^. kamd, rakkhnd, 

ATE >M^ eonj. And ; i. g. Te. 


a. (B.) Unsupported, nn- 


( 53 ) 


stable, restless ; petrified with astonish- 

ATERAN W$U3 s.m. A reel. 

ATERNA >H^3^ r. a. To reel, to 

make up thread into skeins. 

ATHA W3^*. »». The name of the 
figure 8 ; the sum of 8. 

ATHAH • nWU a, (S.) Deep, unford- 
able, unfathomable, bottomless. 

ATHAHAT WS^U^ a- Sixty-eight. 

ATHAHRA nf^lOcJI «. The 18th year ; 

\a shoe equal in length to 18 fingers' 

ATHAHRVAl^>«5n3g^ a- The eight- 

^THAf mS^ «. Twenty-eight. 

ATHAKK W9^ ei. Unwearied, untir- 
ingy indefatigable. 

ATHAMNA nTOH^ v. n. To stop ; to 
b^ supported ; to set, (the sun). 

ATHAN W^S«- ^- West; the side 
whei*e the sun sets. 

ATH^lSfGA y>i6'dl^ s. m. See A (hog. 

AthannA >MiyA<i;' V. n. To sot, 

(the Btm.) 


ATHANH W?0 dd. Below, down, 
tinder, beneath. 

ATHXNNf nrSTJ^ ) 5./. (H. ) An eight- 
ATHAJtfNf niSTSt ) anna piece. 

ATHANWEN yM6IA$* Ninety;eight. 

ATHAR »frgg s, m. (Af.) A donkey'i 

saddle : — uhhe di qaiink jw dnije jo dthar 
VI ghih vavii. Do not bring a she-aas from 
the north, for she will take a\yay even 
your saddle. — Proverb applied. to men 
who marry wives from the north ; Mul- 
tanis considering themselves the salt of 
the earth. 

ATHARAn WS^ a. Corrupted from 

the Hindi word A (hdrah. Eighteen. 

ATHARf »|rq^ *. m. A permanent 
servant, (not a day l&bourer.) 

ATHARNA >MI6dl<ii' ^- »• To become 
partially dry. 

ATHARWAN niMd^cb »- m. (S.) The 

name of the fourth Veda : — atharwaii ved 
or bed hakndj v. n. . To speak ungramma- 
tically or absurdly. 

ATHASf ni3^ a. Eightj.eight. 

ATHATTAR ti^S^ a. Seventy-eight. 

ATHATTf >M5^ ^i Thirty-eight. 

ATHAUNA n46'0i' a. Eightfold. 

ATHfA W<^tn{T >. »». {M.) CortrtiTSted 

from the Arabic word Ahdtah, A 
plot or strip of land with known boun- 
daries! A .part, of, land attached to a 
well which is set apart from the rest 
far sonw! definite purpose, e. g,^ to be left 
• fallow, or to be cultivated. An Afliid ia 
always a plot of arable land. 



( 54 ) 


ATHlANf WfeWJ^ s. /. An eight 


iTBJSk mngrS^ V, n. To set, (the sun). 

ATHOG W3BI 9. m. (M,) An eighth 
share^ especially of land. 

iTHOK >)TOor s. m. (M.) Is a portion of 

grain of which the tenant gets one-eighth 
out of the proprietor's half-share on some 
well or of his part of land ; in other cases 
instead of Athok a handl of the standing 
crop is allowed. 

ATHON >M^ s. m. The evening, the 

time of sunset, (Used in Malwd dis* 

4 ' 

ATHRf Wtlcfl*/' A deep earthen dish 
in wbielv tobacco is prepared* 

ATHTALI W5H^ a. Forty-eight. 

AtStJAN n^^W )*,!». A scorpion; 
ATHt^HAN >j|§^ yi. g. Jl^ihdn. 

ATHUARA YMS^H^ *. w. See Afhwird, 
ATHU^T W55 *. m. See if^Aoii. 
ATHUiJISrA nro^v. n. See ifiAa»«a'. 

(iS'.) A class of 


ATBfVrA nra^ Oonj. Or. 

€% w 

ATHWAWJA »l3^tT»ff. Kfty-eight. 

ATHWA^i. n i6^'^ ' «. «. The eighth 
^Vi eight days, a week. 

ATIAlA »Mf^*HT?5T ,. m. See Atili. 

ATf SiB VM^hP^ ». m. Diarrhoea, dy- 
aentrj, Tiolent porging. 

ATfT >M^ s. w. ) 

Hindu faqlrsy an ascetic, a devotee, a 

ATITH nffeg ) s. m. (8.) A guest, » 
ATITHI yjll^yl J stiunger, a poor person, 

a person entitled <o hospitality :— a/ tV/if 
*^r<z, ,«. m. Attentions paid to a guest, 

ATKA >M^orT ) 4. «. Hindrance, 
ATKAU Y}f5[orT§ ) stoppage. 


ATKAL W^oTO 9, /. r^^.;^ Guess, con- 
jecture ; supposition ; rough computa- 
tion or estimate ; judgment, opinion : — 
alkal ndU ad. By guess, approximately, at 
random : — afkal pachcM, a. or s. m. At 
random, uncertain ; landom guess^ mem 
conjecture ; — ad. By guess, at i-andom. 

ATKAlJ nicio^'Q a. That which stops 
or tarries, capable of stopping. 

ATKAU^fA WcioflQi'i;. a. To hinder, 

obstruct, stop ; confine, restrain ; attat^h, 
join together; suspend, postpone, put off. 

ATMA >)r3W «. »». (»5) Soul, spirit ; 

the reasoning faculties, the mind, the 
understanding: — dtmd 'parnidtrnd^ «. w». 
The Supreme Spirit. 

ATOL >>f§?5 a. (//.) Unweighablf, 

ATREUN >Md[56" ad. (Pot.) The day 
before yesterday, the day after to-mon*ow. 

ATSATA nrjT?^ 

) 5. Wl. 

\ sa(d» 

See Afd- 

ATT yM3" ad. Very, extremely 


{ 55 ) 


■■ ,. .r 

ATTA tl{^l ,. w. A hank or bundle of 
thread wound regularly round a reel. 

ATTA W^ *. m. (H.) Flour, meal, any 

A kind reception 
courteous weloome. 

or salutation^ a 

ground grain ; — a. Worn-out, decayed : 
— dfte Hchck lun (lit. salt in flour) Not 
tnuch, very little, a small fraction (Anglice^ 
a needle in a hay stack) ; c. tr. hond ; 
— d{td ghdtd 8. m. {M.) (lit. flour and 
sheep.) A vow commonly m,ade. A 
person vows that if his wish is grant- 
ed he will give a feast of chapdtU and 
a sheep at some chosen shrine. When 
the sheep ia killed, its head and shoulders 
become the perquisite of the incumbent 
of the shrine : — ^ir Jihdnidn sdiydn, 
maikun ddrhi diva mam fedd d^d ghd(d 
deadn. O holy master Jihanidn! grant 
me ft beard and T will give you an dfd 
ghdtd, (Jihanidn is a shrine in Muzaffar- 

ATTH >M3r a. Corrupted from the San- 

skrit word Ashf, Bight; — af(h gundj a. 
Eightfold : — atfk pakar, s. rn. The eight 
' watches of the day and night ;' a day and 
a night : — aUh pahri roti. One who takes 
food once in twenty-four hours : — affh 
9attK «■ *»• Sixty-eight. 

ATTHMf nRJ^ft ^ 8. /. Corrupted 
ATTHEN ri\^ > ^rom the Sanskrit 

ATTHON >)f§= J yiOT^ Ashpfkl See 

ATlt WSl *•/• A hank of thread, or skein 

auchat-jAna >5?gZf7r3? 
auchatnA yJtee^i 

to be separated* 

AUpA yHS^ pron. As lai^ or as small 
as he, she, or it ; as much as. 

AUDH >Mm «. «». or /• Cormpted from 

the Sanskrit word Aioadhi, Time^ limit, 
boundary ; promise, agreements 

AUDHA y>i^ B. m. A strip of leathav 

(especially a piece connected with ih9 
stirrup of a mounted soldier in which his 
spear rests), a stirrup, strap, a port of 
the girth. 

AI7GAN >){9n£ #.m. Corrupted from 

the Sanskrit word Auagun, Defect, 
blemish, fault; demerit, wortlilessness, 
sin, evil, vice ; harm ; mischief, contempt : 
— auganhdr, auganhdri^ augoHwa^ty iMi^og* 
tcanti, 8. m. or /. One' that has defects. 

AUGAN >3?3in5 8. m. Corrupted from 

the Arabic word Afghan, The name of % 
race of people who inhabit the country 
to the N. W. of the Panjab ; t. q, f^afhdn. 

AUGAnI nranSt*. /. Corruption of the 

Arabic word Afghani. Of, or relating 
so wound that the threads cross each | p^v Jl ^' ^ J9 ^ ngoag^i 

other at each turn. 

ATTNA W^S^ v. n. To be contained, 

(in a thing), to be filled up. 


ATL^TT >H<J<J a. Inexhaustible. 


AU W9 inter. {UL come.) Used in 
calling poultry and other animals. 

AUBHAGAT wQgdl:5)* «. Sans. 

AubhAgat yH^ QgidH ) ^^^^ Aubhakti. 

AUGANAN >HdM/>d #- / Aa Afghan 


AUGAT nraiH 8, f. A miserable statOj 
perdition; i. q, Aukat, 

AUGIIA5 >S^V^ 8. m. A class of faqirs 

among the Hindus, whose habits ar« 
very tilthy, and who wear brass rings 
in their eai's ; a headstrong person : — a 
Ill-formed, awkward, uncouth. 


( 56 ) 


■ ■ ■ ■ - ■ - '--" 

AUGHf l?|uf| s. /. Corrupted from the 

Hindi word Augi. The fringe at the end 
of a piece of cloth; a long whip nsed m 
training horses- a pit in which elephants 
• are entrapped.' 

AUGUIS >)?""3TS «• ^- See Augan. 

AUJAR WH^ '. »•. Corrupted from the 

Arabic word Auzdr, Implement, weapon, 
tool, apparatus. 

8. f. Corrupted from the 


Hindi word Vjhar. A wroag way, a 
devious way : — aujkar chabjd or jdnd^ v. 
n. To go where there is no way. 

AUKA.5 Wora[ 8. w. Difficulty, distress. 
AUKAT >l?or3 *. /. See A^gaL 

,AUKAT IQ^SPH^/- State, circumstances ; 
means, reeoui'ces ; ways and means. 

.^UKH >>f^ s. m. Difficutly ; distress. 
.AUKHA >>Wa- Difficult, distressed. 


AUKHAD W'y^ 1 s. f. Corrupted 
AUKHAD! >5?>:(^ p- from the Sanskrit 

AUKHAT r^\f3 J word Au^had. 
Medicine, remedy. 

AUKHf >)W!*./- Distress, distressed 
condition ;—^i. Difficult, distressed. 

AULA MAULA >M?5T i?35^ a. Coptent 

with the lot alloted by Providence, sim- 
ple in manners. 

AULANGH W?5T^ s, m. A long step, a 

AULf WmI *. /• ^ STaeAl kind of Atdd, 

AULfYA nlS^M' *. w. (A.) pi of 

Wall. Friends of God, the prophets, the 
apostles, saints, ]>'(>iis or holy men :— 
auliyd Allah, s. m. I'liends of God. 

AULON VH75" ^' f- ' A^ imaginary sensa- 

tion of someih-MCP in t>:e flesh, a sense of 
itching, impulse, to; c. w. latjnL 

Aunt W^S *. m. Coming, amval. 

AU:sr iS^ ad. This or that side. 

AUNA W§2T 1'. n. To come, to ap- 
proach ; to arrive, reach to, attain to 
to be acquired ; to know how. 

AUNSAR niira *. ^- or wi- See Ausau 
AUNSf nflft s. /. See Ansi, 

AUNT Ws 8.m. j A childless 

AUSTARA W^ s.m. > person, one 
AUNTARf yJi^ s.f. J without 

issue. Also Auntard nakJiatard, Auntari 


AUL Y^TS «• *«• The umbilical cord, 
navel string ; t. j. Anul. 

Aula W@35T s. m. corrupted from the 

Sanskrit word A'mlak, The name of a 
medicinal plant and its fruit. The fruit 
is used when green for pickles, (Thyllan* 
thus emblica) : — dulesdr or auldsdr, s. /. 
Purified sulphur. 

AUR >M3 s. f. A diy season, want of 

rain, drought, scarcity ; famine ; c. w, 

AURNA ^5l3S^ ^- ^' To come to mind, 

to be remembered ; to occur, to take place, 
to be procured, to be possible. 

AUS ^5J7! pron, (obi. cases of uh). That, 
him, her, it. 


( 57 ) 


AUSAN yJ^H^ «. »»• Sense, courage, 
presence of mind ;* i. q. Husdn, 

ATJSAR >SW3 8, m. or /. A beat in 

muflic ; time, opportunity ; season, chance, 
occasion ; difficulty, hardship, distress : 
— ausar chukhjd, t\ n. To lose a beat (in 
music), to lose an opportunity. 

AUSTANA nJTR^ST r.n. To be separ- 
ated (as plaster fix)m a wall, or as the 
heart from an object) ; i. q. Auchatnd. 

AUSTAUIJA >5?W^«04' V, a. To cause 
to be separated. 

AUT nl3 "j 

AUTARA r)\jp >a. SeoAunt. 

AUTRf rvi^ J 

ATJTAI/ JANA ^<d<M>H' A' ) p. ». To 
AUTALJJA >3s^?5Sf ) be mis- 

placed, to be mislaid, to be missing. 

AUTAR ^3^ *. «*. CoiiTuipted from the 

Sanskrit word Avatar, An incarnation 
of the Deity. The Hindus reckon ten in- 
carnations of the god Vishnu: — l8t,lfacA/i, 
the fish ; 2nd, Kackky the tortoise ; 3rd, 
Bardh^ the boar ; 4th, Narsintfh^ the man- 
lion ; 5th, Bdwan, the dwarf; 6 th, Parsrdm; 
7th, Enm ; 8th, KrishiiA; 9th, Buddha; 
10th, Kal (J I or Niakalank, which is yet to 
appear on the culmination of the Kaljug, 
(the iron age, the age of sin) ; a pious or 
distinguished person in the language of 
flattery or respect is also called an aw/a r; 
a bad, wicked, quarrelsome person (ironi- 

^ ) 5. 

m. or /. An 

. m. ) 

{M.) A 


AUTARf ^gr^ s 

person: — khd autarak da mdl, jo aqlc kun 
vi gdl. Take the property of a childless 
man and you will lose all that you al- 
ready possess.— Proverb: alluding to 
the bad luck supposed to attend one who 
plunders a childJe-sj* man. 

autAr! i9i3^ 

AUTARf Jf ^gi 

(met.) spoken of one who is very devout. 

AUTAUSfA ni<;iQ^V V. a. To boU ; to 
turn upside down. 

AUTNA yJteST V. n. To be boiled ; to be 
turned upside down. 

AVA y)P^ 8. m. See jftcd. 

AVAGAT ni^giH t. f. (8.) That at- 
tribute of God by which He is free from 
the ordinary conditions of human natui'o ; 
a. Omnipresent, free fix>m the ordinary 
conditions of human life. 

AVAipA y}f^^ a. Ill-tempered, per- 
verse, cross. 

AVASS W^TT <id. Certainly. 


yX^^ s. m. ) lateness. 



ad, {S.) Late, out of 

8, m. ) 

AVICHAR mfsgtJ'd *• /• Want of 
consideration and judgment. 

avichAra^j yMfed'dA 
avighAr! >Mfed»cft 

a thoughtless, inconsiderate person. 

AVIDDIYA mfeltTy* './• C6rruptod 

fi'om the Sanskrit word Aridyd. Igno- 
rance, (especially in matters connocted 
with religion), stupidity j want of know- 

AVINAS mr^^lM 8. m. Corrupted 

from the Sanskrit word Ahinds. Exemp- 
tion from loss or injury ; safety. 


( 58 ) 


AVINASf Wfe^Tft a. CoiTuption of 

the Sanskii't word Ahtnaahi. Indestruc- 
tible, imperishublc, everlastings eternal, 

AVIBTHA Wfeg^ ad. In vain, 

AVIRODH mfe^ *• «*• Fi-eedom 
from animosity. 

AVIRODH A^jT nifed^d «■/• 
AVIRODHf >Mfe94) 
has no animosity; 

8.f. ) One 
. m, y who 

AVTAR Y>K-fld «• wi- Sec Autdr. 

AWA ^W?^ «• ***• A potter's kilij, a 

brick-kiln : — died ut jdndy v. n. * To 
become known as an immoral and idle 
family; i. q. Avd. 

AWADH m^TJ ) «. m. /. ^^^J Pro- 
AWADHI lf){^xft ) tnise, agreement ; 

limit, boundary ; excess. See Audh. 

AWADHITT yM?^3 9. m. A class of 

ascetics who go about naked and smear* 
od with ashes ; t. q, Abdhut. 

AwAGAMAiir ^Jl'^'dlHSl s.m.(H.) 
AwAGAUtr W^rilS > Coming 
AWAGAWAy nf^ai^sj and go- 
ing ; transmigiutioii of souls ; — a. Ground- 
less, improper ; useless ; lost, ruined. 

AWAGGIYA m^f^'CIt 8, f. From 

the Sanskint word Avngyd. Contempt, 
despite ; disi*egurd ; fault, sin* 

AWAf >M^^cT «• /• Rumour, report 
hearsay ; news of one's aiTival. 

AWAJ WgTt? »./, Corrupted fi«ora the 

Persian woi'd Atcdz, Sound, voice, report ; 
fame ; echo ; a whisper, sentence : — 
hhdri (tirdj, s. /, A hoarae or deep voice : 
— au'dj dund, v, n. To become audible, 
to be heai*d : — awdj haiflind, i\ n. To 
become hoai^so fix)m cold or singing; to 
lose the voice : — mrdj detjd, v. a. To 
call out (to), shout (to), hail ; — 1\ n. To 
produce a sound ; to answer a call : — 
awdj l'a<fdiindy v. n. To call or cry out 
(one's waives); to sing; to raise the 
voice (in singing) : — aicdj laind, r. u. "To 
read one or moi*e verses fix)m the Sikh 
Scripture for the fii*Kt time at the time 
of opening, or before the commencement 
of any religious ceremony ; — mvdj kadhnd^ 
r. n. To give out a sound ; to brines 
forth or produce a sound ; to speak : — 
awdj Idiujdy v. a. To raise the voice in 
singing: — kann rich awdj jmini, v. n. 
To happen to hear, to oveihear ; to 
catch any sound ; to speak in the ear. 

AWALLA>>R?5^ ) a. Outrageous, 
AWAL^A >>|^553I ) crazy. 

AWAN W^n^ ) 5. m. The name of a 
AWAN y>iT^75 ) Muhammadan sect; a 

Jat tribe. 

AWANDHA >M^TTIT5.m.(iV.)Theh^dof 

a watercourse ; the opening fi*om a water- 
course into a field : — nwdndhd hadhdn, v. 
a. To close the mouth of a watefTH)ui'so 
or the oj en'ng into a field : — awdndhd 
Id wan J V. a. lit, to apply ; to open : — 
awdndhd ralnt-dd^ v. n. An expression 
used of a great bribe-taker. 

AWArA W?TUT«. »». Corrupted from 

the Persiati word Award. Vagabond ; 
destitute of name or character; c, tc, 

AWkVii tH^J^ 8. m. Blaze of fire. 
AWASTHA YM^nijI s. /. State, con- 


( 59 ) 


dition ; situation (frequently UHcd in an 
unfavourable Bcnse) ; any particular 
state varying" with the progress of time, 
a« youth, old age, &c. 

AWATAR W?3Tg ,. m, .An incarna- 
lion. See Aiitdr» 


tory oi*con- 

AWATTf n^ 

•trar3'-ininded persons; those who con- 
tinually thwart the wishes of others. 

AWBSLA >M%TO5T «• Careless, indiffer- 

ent, negligent, without concern ; i. q. 

AWGAH^A VH^dl'Ui* «^>»- To enter, 
to immerse. 

kwt W^ *• /. A potter's small kiln, 

# • 

a small brick-kiln : — diet Iduni^ v. n. To 
fill the kiln. 

AWIGUN ^Mfe^TE 8. m. See Augan. 

AYAL Wrn?5 s, m. /. The name of a 
horse ; a flock of sheep or goats. 

ATALf >M5TO^ ^. m. A shepherd. 

AYA^?A WJFS^ d' Ignorant, artless ; 
of immature age. 

Ay A5A W5I3^ *. wi. The name of the 
letter A; L q. Aird, 

AYATWAR W5I3^Tg ,. m. Sunday. 

AYOJ WTOI 0" Unsuitable, unfit, un- 

~ /-> 

AYYA? WifS ». wi. A flock of goats 
or sheep ; i. g. Jjjar. 

BAB ^rg g. m. (A.) Affair, mode, man- 
ner,, state, condition ;—f>rep. Respect, 

BABAL ^rgjf ,. nu (H.) Father, (a 

term used by daughters, and especially 
in the songs which ai»o sung at weddings.) 

BABAN m|li s, m. A bier for an 

aged person (prepared by Hindus at 
great expense, as a mark oi respect) ; the 
chai'ioteer of Gods. 

BABARING ^^f^ s..f, Saitskrit 

Vayu Vidanga. A medicinal seed (Em^ 
helia rebes) employed to remove flatu- 
lence or rheumatism. ; i, q, Vavafing. 

BABAT W^B s. m, or/. (A,) Affair, 

matter ;~-pr<?p. With respect to, con- 
ceraing, on account of, about, with re- 
gard to, in the matter of; in behalf of, 

BABB ^g^ s. m. Father; (used generally 

in Kangra and other hill district^ in the 

BABBA ^W^ *.♦»; The name of tbo 
letter 75 (^) in the Gurmukhi character. 

BABBA tfitf* t, m. Father, grand. 

father, old man; the head of the 
order of nwnks ; a- term of respect, ^sir, 
sire ; a form of address used by beggars 
towards the master of a house and other 
persons. (It is from the Turkish word 


BABBAR hihid *• »». The fore-part 

and sides of the body, extending fixjm 
the lower extremity of the ribs up to the 
neck ; the lower part of an earthen ves- 
sel, the top of which has been broken 

BABBf :g^ *. /. A kiss. 

^-- -I — 


( 60 ) 


JUBBRI7 IjiTcJ 8. m. A kind of round, 

thick broad ; prepared and eaten general- 
ly by people in hill districts. 

BABrA l^[^lfn{l a. m, (PoL) The name 
of a small bird ; Peena. 

DABOHA ll^ijl *. m. {Pot) A ppider. 

BABRANA 4lJdlA> )s.f. The long 
BABRf YAN (jli)J)yHT ) loose dishevel- 
ed hair of ^faqir ; i. q[ Bdwariydn, 

BABIT ^tg $. m. A title of res- 

poot ; Sir, Esquire, Master ; a man of 
family or of distinction i a cl^rk or 
writer in an office. 

to abide by a promise, to be true to 
one's word, to keep faith. 

BACHAO ^BT§ s, m. (J7.) Defcnco, 

protection,, preservation, deliverance, es- 
cape ; remainder; salvation. 

BACHAU'^B^Q s. w. One who saves 

or preserves ;— a. Worthy to be pixj- 
served or saved. 

BACHAUNA '^grl^^.^. To save, 

protect, defend, preserve, \c^\> \ to 
^ maintain, support, sustairi ; to screen, 
ooncoal, defmud, steal; to assist, help ; to 
set free, liberate, to lay by, save up ; to 
clear the way, get out of the way. 


*./. (^0 A kind of tre6 

{A coda Arahica) tho wood of which is 
much used in making cart wheels and 
agricultural implements, and the bark is 
usod in tanning leather and in dintilUng 

BACH inB)^./.(i7.) An exaction of 

BACHH <iIs ) labour and produce made 

by Government in addition to the regular 
taxes, an assessnient, an impost ; — back 
higdr, «, /. Compulsory collection of 
revenue; exaction of labour without 
compensation } i, g, V4ch, vdchK 

BACHA ^^gr a. m. See Bachdo, 

BAOHAK ^argsr f. m. A readers i. q, 


s. m. One who saves 

or preserves ; saviour ; deliverer. 


8. m. The eggs of fish, 

reptiles or insects; the young of fish, 
reptiles, locusts, &c., newly hatched ; the 
offspring of the same in a moi-o ex- 
tended sense ; the young of animals ; 
children, offspring :—hachch fcicAcA, s. m. 
Little children, little eggs. 


5. m. or/, (F.) Young 

B A CH A K tVt3Fo( i. m. A mincing, smack, 
ing sound in eating ; %, q, Machak, 

BAGHAN ^^TS *. fn. A word, dis- 
course, speech ; agreement, promise ; 
giving the hand in confirmation of one's 
word r—ftoc^an dend or mdmd,v,n. To 
promise, to make an agreement : — bachan 
Iciind, V. n. To obtain a promise : — bachan 
pdlnd^ V. n. To stand to one's bargain, 

of any animal ; a child, son, youth, boy, 
lad ; a thoughtless or inexperienced per- 
son ; — a. Childlike, innocent; simple; 
inexperienced, thoughtless. 

BACHCHAL H'^'fS a. Stupid, igno* 

BACHCHARWAL ^g^^TJJ ,. ^., /. 
One who has children. 

BACHCHAT ^H *• /. Balance. 

balance of an account ; savings, remain- 
der, surplus ; gain, profit, interest. 


BACHCHHf ^J'----/-^-«- 


( 61 ) 


-i>.- ..'C 

BACHCHf '^l^s.f. The female yourp 

of any animal ; a female child, a little 

girl, daughter ; wood or other material 

nsed^ in repaivinf? anything:— ?;a<5fcr;)t 

ldiMd,v.n, To Rplice, to rep^iir, to till 

in, to wed^e, to support. Also a term L, , ^ ^ ^ . #^ ^ 

used in the play Gullidandd (tipcat.) BACHHIKIyA tl^oflM ' 

colt; 1. q. Vwchhertd, Vachherfi\ Vachh^rti. 

ACHHfK ^^ ,. /. A herd of 

BACHCHf ^ng^ 8. /. One side of 

the under jaw ; (forlwth «ideB the plural 
18 used): — idchchlydn khul jdniydn^v.n. 
The wateiing of the mouth. 

BACHCHPU^A :gBy3T ,.w. y 

BACHCHWAfN ire^f^T B,f. J 

BACHCH^f ^B"^ «./. ) An infant, 
BACHCHU g^ «./. J a child (a 

term of endearment) : a young son, a son ; 
— Voc. son ! also Bachchrie, 

BACHHAiST '^^ s. /. pi (Pot. J The 

comer of the mouth ; an earthen pot 
with a wide mouth. 

BACHHA? Ijl^ff *. /. Rain driving 

against a building; rain falling aslant, 
wind and rain; {/net.) the rushing to- 
gether of men from every direction; 
t. q. Vdchhar. 

BACHHERA ^§gT ,. m. A colt ;^ 

nakand hachhei-d, 8. w. Ut An unridden 
colt ; {met.) an inexperienced or thought- 
loss person ; *. q, Vachhei'd. 

BACHHERf g^ s. /. A foal ; t. q. 

BACHHERTA ySd^l s. tn, 1 A 
BACHHERTf ^g^.. /. L very 
BACHHERT^ MQ^^ s. m. j young 


BACHHClf ^S^../. V A calf. 
BACHII5115 ^g^,. ^. 

BACHHUNfiTA ^f SSt V. n. To bo 

separated, to be in want of anTthing, to 
be at a loss for want of something. 

f ^ 

M ti H'C V. «. See Bach- 

BACHKAnA ^do(lA» )».«. A child's 
BACHKANf ggsrr^J shoe; i. g. 
Bichhkdnd, hichhkdni. 


V. n. To be sarod^ 

to save oneself, escape, effeot one's 
escape; to be spared, set aside, Uid 
by ; to remain over, to be left : to be 
spared recover, survive, live ; to tam 
away (from), shrink (from) ; to avoid, fly 
(from). ^ ' 

BACHNA gig^T V. a. To wad ; to 

collect (taxes) ; i. q. V4chnd. 

BACHOLAg^,.«.)One who medi- 
BACHOLf^tj^,./.^ ates between 

two parties, whether for making peace or 
for negotiating any other business, a 
mediator ; a go-between ; t. q. Vachold 
or Vachoh. 

B.\CHPA^B^..«..1 An *"*''"*' » 
BACHpf ^B^,./ Lhild; a term 
BACH5I^ ^g^ a..m. J of endearment. 


( 62 > 


BACH-RAHt?A lit^dUdl ^' «• To be 
over, or to remain over.^ 

BACHt5NG5A75^BT3»«. m.) A very 
BACHING?! tjSdIgfl *' /• > B™*^1 
child ; (spoken by way of ridicule.) 


a, (PJ Bad, evil, wicked, 

nanghty, mischievous ; a hog, swine (used 
by Muhammadans, aud in abuse) : — 
biid'bu, s. f, A bud or offensive smell, 
Btink, stench : — had-bild^ s. f. Rubbish, 
unhealthy food : — hnd-dud, s. f. Curse, im- 
precatioil, malediction: — hdd-feli^ s.f. Evil 
deeds, misdeeds; adultery, illicit int«z- 
course : — -bad-goi, s, /. Speaking ill 
of one, slander, detraction : — had-jdt, 
a. Low-born, low, mean, base ; vicious, 
cori'upt; unprincipled : — had-kar, a. 
Dissolute, licentious, profligate, adul- 
terous : — had'kdri^ s. /. Profligacy, 
licentiousness, adultery, prostitution, 
unlawful sexual interoourse, unnatural 
offence : — had-majd, a. Having a bad 
taste, unsavoury, ill-flavoured, insipid, 
tasteless: — had-md*, 8. m. A person of 
irregular life, a notorious character, 
immoral ; a vagabond, vagrant, rogfue, 
rascal, scoundrel, knave : — had-masi^ s. /. 
Vagrancy, loose conduct, villainy :—^ad' 
ndm^ a. Of bad repute, disreputable, 
notorious : — had-ndm hond, v. n. To get 
a bad name, to become infamous : — had-mm 
hamd, r, n. To destroy one's good name, 
injure one's reputation, defame : — bad- 
ndmi^ s. /. Ill-report, defamation, dis- 
repute, dishonour : — bad-nasib, a. Ill-star- 
red, unlucky, unfortunate, wretched, 
miserable : — bad-nay at or bad-nitd^ a. 
Ill-disposed, of bad intentions, malevo- 
lent ; covetous, avaricious : — bad-parheji, 
«. /. Intemperance, excess ; dissipation, 
debauch : — bad-rang, a. Discoloured, faded 
(colour) ; of different colours (a card) : — 
hcui-rdhi^ s. /. Devioosness from the right 
path, enticement I'-^bad^hagan, s, m. A 
bad omen : — bad-thakal or niraty a. Ill- 
looking, ill-shaped, ugly, not handsome, 
not beautiful. 

BAD TSP^ 8. m. Lum venerea) Syphilis; 
— (11.) Debate, discussion, dispute ; 

alloy, mixture of a baser with a sn- 
pei-ior metal ; — prep. Corruption of the 
Arabic w>rd Bdl, After, aftorwanls ; — 
a. IJn io.3epta3ile, not ad aitteil, inadmis- 
sible, rejeeteti ; uuraeti,riing; not right, 
useless, worthless. 

BApA ^gfgr «. corrupted from the Hindi 

woi-d Bard, Large, big, great, great in 
age (comparatively) ; t. q, Vaddd. 

BADABADf ytfiytfl ad. With emula- 
tion, contentiously, in spite of opposi- 
tion ; by force or violence ; i. q» Bado^ 

BADAL 1J^35 *• *»- Change, alteration, 

exchange, substitution, retura .: — hnd/d 
df'tidy V. a. To change ; — badaljdnd, v, n. 
See Badahid : — badaU hiind, r. o. To 
take in exchange, to exchange. 

BADALNA tftii^A' «'•»»> To be changed 

or altered ; to change, alter ; to assume 
another form ; to shift, tuni round, to 
he i*emoved, to be transferred ; to lose 
colour, fade ; — v. a. To change, alter ; 
to exchange, barter; to substitute one 
thing for another, to disguise ; to mis- 
represent, pervei-t ; to transfer, remove; to 
transform, transmute; to shift (ones 

badalwAU5?A tit;<H)^»Q4' 

Causative of Badalnd. To cause to bo 
exchanged, to have, or get, changed or 
altered. See Badahid. 

BADAM ^tr'ri *• ^ Corrupted from 

the Persian word Bdddm. An almond 
(Amygdala dulcis:) ; an Indian fi*uit re- 
sembling the almond. {Teiminalia cui^ 

BADAmI <it:**ft «M *. »». .Corruption 

of the Pei'sian word Bdddmi, Almond- 
coloured, almond-shaped. 

V. a. 

BADAN HtfA 9fn.(A.) Body; privi- 
ties (whether of male or female) : — badan 


( 63 ) 


phaJm, V. n. To be covered with an 
eruption, pustules, boils, itch : — Indnu 
toffid, V. w. To train the body by gyni- 
ii«<«tic or athletic exercises : — hndan 
tntni, V. w. To feel pain in the botly, or 
in tie bones ; to have the body stretched 
or bent ; to have the body trained by 
gymnastic exercises. 

BAD An <Jt!^<i »- *>•• A carpenter's or 
blacksmith's sledge ; t. q, Vadin, 

BApANAK 1)^Ic&q( <- /. A kind of 
lai^-gi^ined wheat ; i. q, Vcufdnak, 

BADAN5?A lltj'i^' «. ft^ Corrupted 

from the Hindi word Beddnd, The fiMiit 
of the mnlberiT tree ; the name of a sweet- 
meat resembling the mulberry, made of 
' gmimd gram, gki, and sugar: — andr 
haddnifd OT haddpnd andr. — ff. «t. A pome- 
pmnste of ex'^ra quality grown in 
Afghanistan, said to be seedless. 

BADAR ^^id «.wt. One that removes 
or casis out evil spirits. 

BAPARNA H^ldcS' V. a. To remove, 
to cast out. 

haddal chdl, ft, /. The flying of clouds : — 
haddal fjaj}nd, gf^rjndy (furhkand, i>. n. To. 
thunder: — haddal phafnd, v, n. Dis- 
persion of clouds ; to become clear : 
— bold baddul^ a. Deuf ; careless. 

BADDALf ^tTe^ •• /. A small cloud. 

BADDALWAf ^IRp?!^ ,. /. Cloudi. 

ness z-'haddalwdi dd din, g. m. A cloudy 
day. -^ 


*. w. Pecuniary means, 

ability; something extraordinary and 


*. m. The stubble of wheat, 

BAPARIT ^d'd 8. m. An ancestor ; a 
great man. . 

BAPAUL '5"5?5 a. Misshapen, ill-con- 
structed, crooked, iigly. 

BApBOL ^d<4W *./. j A person 

BADBDI4A ii^^^l 8. TO. y of lofty 

?. /. J sp 

proud and disdainful talker, a talkative 
person, a chattei^box ; i. 5. Bodbdl, 

BApBOLf il^:M<M)t « 

speech, a 

BAPP ^^ 8. /. The name of a vege- 
table, a sort of pumpkin j i. q, Ghiyd. 

BADDAL ^F275 «• ^' Corrupted from 
the Sanskrit word Band. A cloud : — 

maize or other crops still standing in the 
field ; a chip ; the cutting o^ timber ; a 
cut in a piece of wood :—hfiddh dend, 
V. a. To cut i^hadih khdund, v. a. to 
bite ; 1. q. Vaddh, 

BADDH TJlf s.f, A bubo;— (fif.) Slangh. 

t^r, killing, murder, destruction :—^o- 
haddh, s. f. Slaughter ^ of cows ; — a. 
More, excessive ; L q, Vaddh. 

BAppnA 'E[^ 8. m, A cut, a mark 

left by a shai-p instrument, a crease in 
the skin ; a callisity produced by friction; 
t. q. Vaddhd. 

BADDHA :5in a. Fastened, tied ; im- 

BADDHA ^5Tlfr 8. m7 Increase^ aug- 
mentation, advance, progress ; premium j 
t. q. Vdddhd, 

BADDHAK ^Tfof «. ♦». (//.) A bird- 
catcher, a fowler ; a butcher. 

BADDHARf '^^^ s, /. A dog's collar ; 

the strap of a sandal drawn . over the 
foot to fasten it ; i. q. Vuddhari, 


( 64 ) 


iH i' 

BADDHB ^^ a. Increase ; three, (the 

term used instead of three in weighing 
anything) ; t. q. VdcUU^e, 

BAppHf W^ «• »»• -A. oftrpenter. 

B4.ppHerA ^5^ST V. a. To cut; to 

kill ; to bit-e (as a dog) ; to earn, gain, 
make money ; t. q. Vadipind, 

BADDHt^ ^ra^ a. More than enough, 
superfluous ; i. q, Vdddhu. 

BADDI yitTI «• /• Flatulence ; rheu- 
matism ; a term applied to a variety of 
diseases supiioued to be produced by the 
influence ol the air; — a. liheumatic. 

BADDOljl ^' ^ . 
BADDtJ ^^ J 

B ADDO M V. , , „, ^jj Aro^j, ^ribe; 


BADDt5 ^^ a. Notorious, infamous ; c. 
%o. }umd^ kanid, 

BADDtjRA'ISI UtTd' «• »»• (-Po/.) A man 

who wastes his time among wpmen, and 
does not attend to his business. 



8, m. A tribe of Juts. 

«. m. An ancestor ; t. q. 

ing ; wages for reaping ; a. q. Vadhii 

BADHAf ^XT^Bt 9. f. Congratulations 

on the occasion of births and marriages ; 
benedictions ; congi»atulatory gifts ; pi-e- 
sents to servants at births and mar- 
riages ; c. w. dend ; i, q. Vadhdi. 


virulence of a disease, &c.) 

t 8, m. An i 

) crease, (in tj 


BApHAL Hm^ 8. w. The Jack tree 
and its fruit ; i. q, Kaffhal hadhal 

B ADHAN TSJj;^ v. n. (M,) To tie, to 

fasten, to imprison, to stop, to finish off: 
--jatt te phait haddlie chanfje. It is well 
to bind the wound and entangle the jdt.— 
Prov. cuiTent among money-lenders and 
landlords on the necessity of keeping the 
agriculturist in debt. ■ 

BADHAN -^PQJT; s. m, (Fot) A sti- 
pulated snm given to certnin function- 
aries and faqirs at weddings ; u}KVadhdn, 


BAPHANGGA it^idjl 5. m. Slan^ftie, ■ 
killing ; cutting ; c. w. hond, kamd. 

BADFARA!?G yitJ^ddl *. wi. The 

venereal disease, syphilis. {Lit, The 
Eui*opean disease.) 

BApH 'SP^ ». /. The edge of a cutting 

instrument ; cutting ; excess in eating ; 
*. q. Vddh. 

BADHAf ^^1^ «. /. Reaping, harvest- 

BApHANS ^gWDTTjy. m. The name 
a song ; one of the rdgs. 

BADHAU hm\Q 8. w. Increase, an| 

mentation, advancement ; c. to. horn 

BADHAiJ yi|l§ a. Susceptible of in- 


IADHAU^iA tJljlQir „. a. To 

to cause to advance ; to lengthen ; i. q. 


( 65 ) 


BApHi.DNA Ijitj'Qdl •• «• Causative 

of Badhnd. To cause to be cut, harvested, 
or slain ; ». 9. Vadhdund, 


5. m. A gold or silver 

ring put on the neck of a child in con- 
nection with a vow ; t. j. Vadhdtca, 

BADHEJ H^ti s, m. See Bandhej, 
BADHEjt Hl^f^ a. See Bandh^l 

BADHELt? ^^?5 a. (M.) Tied up. 

When used of cattle it means stall-fed ; 
t. e.y cattle that do not go out to gp*aze. 

BADHERA liU^ a. Much, many ; 
t. q. Vadheri. 

I BADHf i|ltll «. /. Reaping, harvest- 
' ing; t. q. Vadhi, 


BADHf K l|tf|o( a. More, excessive; 

'T' i. G. Yadhtk, 




ime -ADHNA ^tleS' «• /• ^^ earthen water 
. vessel with a spout like a teapot. 

a^kDHOTAR ^^ ) s,f. Ri 
?^HOTARf ^|q4t ) excess. 

/iow^HOTARf tjljJ] ) excess, (applied 

^^j to the small portion of grain 

A. remtbins after dividing the heap 

f ^^' Jreen the landlord and the tenant, 

measures going to the latter and one 

le former alternately.) 

^1^ 5. 972. A cutter ; one that 
^ed tools of any kind ; %, q, Tddki, 

BADHWAf ^q^l^ s, /. Wag«B for 

increasing or enlarging anything ; t\ q. 

BADHWAU$rA ^TT^rg^T ». a. To 

cause to be increased or advanced ; i. q, 
Vadhiodund. . 

BADHYA imUl a. Cormpted from the 

Hindi word Barhiyd. Of good quality, 
superior, fine, first-rate, superfine, tip- 
top ; costly, dear, high-priced ; t. , g. 

BADf ^^ 8, f, (P.J Badness, wicked- 
ness, evil, ill, mischief ;—(ifO Theft, 
stolen property: — chorhadt ndh ydr jangK 
ndL The thief with the stolen property, 
and the lover with the woman (are the 
best evidence.) 

BADf TS[t^ 5. /. See Bdddi. 

B ApiAf ^fe>)P^ ». /. Greatness, ex- 
cellence, magnanimity, magnifying ; res-' 
pect ; t. q, Vadidt. 

BADlAUljA ^(kmiQcb> ^' «. To ap- 
plaud, to praise, to eulogize, to make 

BADlHAljip ^rf^RI% a. Large, stout, 

fat, well-grown, of a good breed ; (spoken 
of a mare, cow, or buffalo.) 

BADfYA ^'tfly *• »»• ^ l^g® ^^P» 

goblet, bowl, (generally of copper or 

BADLA l|tfd»6' «• «»• Exchange ; in lieu, 

instead ; substitute ; return, recompense ; 
compensation, reparation, restitution, re- 
dress ; requital, retaliation, revenge ; 
c. w, dend, laind. 


( 66 ) 



BADLA ^it^M^ ^. w». Brocade ; a certi- 

ftcate given to a servant of Govornraent 
in the Juinmu State stating the terms 
of his service. 

BADLAGAM ^ti^dHH a- Hard- 

• mouthed (a horse), not obedient to the 
reins ; disobedient, rebellious ; rude, dis- 
respectful or impudent. 

BADLAf ^tf^l^ ». /. Rate of ex- 

BADLAKHf-DHUPP ^^?5'>|W= .. /. 

The clear sunshine coming out from 
between clouds. 

BADLAt^ lit5<M>lQ «• Exchangeable. 

»ADLAIHirA i|tfd5>Qcbl V' «• Causative 

of Badalnd, To exchange, to alter, to 
cause to be altered, to cause to be ex- 
changed. See Badalnd, 

BADLE C|t!^ prep. For the sake of , 

in the place of, instead, in exchange, in 
return for. 

BADLf ^tf^ *• /• A small cloud ; 

change ; exchange ; barter ; transfer ; 
. substitution, instead, in lieu ; a person 
or thing taken in exchange for another ; 
substitute, relief (of a watch): — hadli 
vichch^ ad. In exchange for, 

BAD^jA 1^2? ». «* To apeak; to 

settle, appoint, nominate ; pradestinate ; 
to stipulate, agree ; to make a vow, 
to pledge one's word, to wager ; bet, 
stake ; to acknowledge, ownj admit; to 
heed, mind, regard, care for ; — *. m. A 
goblet; i. q. Bidnd. 

BADNAmA ^^^IHT 9. m. A great 
man ; an elder relation. 

BADO-BADf '9%^^ ad. With emula- 

tion, contentiously, in spite of. See 

BADPHlTLGf ^8:f (K^ft ) ». /. Exin- 
BADPHlJLf ^5|5J) ] vagance, 

expenditure ; vain boasting, a vaunting uf 
one's self by act or word. 

BADRA ^trd' s, w. A bag of money 

containing one thousand Rupees ; — {"M.j 
The name of a month (from the mid«iJi» 
of August to the middle of September) 
— Proverb.—jBflkira de pind te Katink da 
chhd hare dd chdh. To eat dates in Badra. 
or drink buttermilk in Katik^ is U) 
court fever. 

n ». m. ) 



from the Persian word Bcidraqa. 
Guide; guard, escort, convoy; felk^w- 

BADSAH <|it:J1iU s, m. Corrupted fi-om 

the Persian word Padishah. King, mon- 
arch, sovereign, lord, master; owner, 
governor, proprietor -.--hddsdh jddd, g. m. 
A prince : — badsdhjddi, s. f. A prinoesi, 
queen ; t. q. Pddsah, Pdtudh, Batsdh. 

BADSAHAT ^'tJ«ldd > *. /. Cormpt. 
BADSAh! t|ltii4'J? ) ed from ih% 

Persian word Pddshdhat or Pddshdki 
Royalty, sovereignty ; kingdom, realm, 
empire, dominion, State, rule, goreru- 
ment, reign, sway ; c. w. kamd. 

BADSAhI t^ltfW'Jl a. Cori-upted from 

the Persian word Pddshdhi. Royal, ktn^- 
^y»^ regal, sovereign, imperial: — bddsdhi 
addlat, i, f. Royal courts of justice ; — 
bddsdhi amdrat, s. f. Royal buildings :— 
bddsdhi ghar, s. m. Royal family, dynas- 
ty ; Royal household : — bddsdhi huJ^m, 
8. TO. Royal edict ox* irhandate : — bddsdhi 
kharch, Royal or princely expendi- 
ture from the privy purse ; c. vk Pddsdh 
or Pdtsdh, Bddsdh, 

BADtJntjA ^iidil v. a. To give a bad 


( 67 ) 


uame, to accuse falsely, to calumniate ; 
t. q. Vaduhud. 

BADWA^ ^^r?T^*./. A female J?(wWw. 

BAFA ^IgT a. Cormpted from the 

Arabic word Vafd, Fulfilling a promise ; 
tidelitj, faithfulness; effect: — bafdddr, 
a. Faithful, true to one's word, loyal : 
— hofiddrty s. /. Faithfulness, fidelity ; 
e. w. kamd, 

BAFAT m^ld «. /i Oorruption of the 

Ai-abi^ word Fafdt. Death : — hdfdtdn dd 
mahtnd, s, m. The month in which 
Muhammad died : — bafdt sanrif^ s. j. The 
death of Muhammad ; an annual feast 
iu commemoration of Muhammad's death: 
--bdrd^ hafdtdn, a, /. The twelve days 
oa oa<^ of which (it is not known exactly 
which) Muhammad died. 

liAPTA ^ l ^d ' #. m. /P.J A kind of 
lilk cloth, thick and fine. 

BAG <t'dk •• ^' -A. kind of coarse cloth 

embroidered all round with silk of various 
colours ; — (A.) A garden, an orchard : — 
hig hag, hag hdgdn, ad. Rejoicing, de- 
lighted, happy, cheerful, pleased : — hdg 
l*aij hond or hqjdnd^ v. n. To be delighted, 
^o rejoice exceedingly : — hdghdn or fan, 
«. m, A gardener : — haghdni, s.f, Grarden- 
iug ; office of gardener : — hdg wdld^ s. 
«i. Owner of a garden, gardener ; — (JET.) 
Kein, bridle : — hdg chhut, a, Uncontrol- 
able, left to go or act at will, galloping : 
—hdg chhuf danrnd, v. n. To gallop at full 
speed: — bdg dhilli chhadd dend, v. a. To 
give a loose rein ; to give the rein, to 
give a horse his head, set a horse at full 
gallop ; to leave one to himself : — hdg dor 
or dori^ 8, m. A leading rope, halter ;-^bdg 
hattJwn cJihadnd. v. n. To let the rein loose, 
to lose control or power : — hag hatthon 
dihu^ni^v, «. To lose the control or power 
(ovep) something ^ to get beyond control, 
to lose a chance or opportunity :—baV 
^hichchnd, r. n. .To rein in (a horse) ; 
to curb, to check, restrain, control :— 
^9 mornd, v, n. To pull the reins ; turn 
ft horse ; to take a turn, to dry up (the 
pustules of smalUpox) i-^bdg parwdr, «. m. 

Children, issue :—hdg phardi, *. w. The 
holding by the sisters of the bridegroom 
of the rein of his horse. This is a part 
of the Hindu marriage ceremonies ; the re- 
ward which is given to the sister of a 
bridegroom when she leaves him after 
having led or attended hira a short dis- 
tance on the wedding journey : — 6aV 
ufhdnd, V, n. lit To lift the rein ; to give 
(a horse, ) the rein, to set (a horse) at 
full speed ; i. q, Vdq. 

'/ V. a. 

bagahmarnA ^gpUHTHS 

BAGAHUNA ^ djiyg f 

throw, to cast, to fling j i. q. Vaydh mdrnd 
or Vagdhund. 

BAGAIR ^dld od. Without, exclu- 
sive of. . 

BAGAL Ifdl^ «. w*. (P.) Armpit, side, 

gusset in the armpit of a garment ; an 
enclosure; a piece of ground ; a wall, a 
hedge ; enclosure : — hagal-bajdund, v, n. 
To flap the arms against the sides ; 
(met.) to be highly pleased, to be 
triumphant, to jeer, to jest : — bagal hond 
or hojdndy v, n. To turn aside, to go aside, 
to go out of the way: — hagal gat^dh 
8. m. Stinking armpits, smell procee<l- 
ing from the armpits : — l>agal garm kamd, 
V. n. To embrace or sleep with (a 
woman) : — bagal la grid , v. n. To keep on 
one side of the road (horse, a cart, carriage, 
&c) :*-bagal laind, v. o. To surround, to 
get ahead of ; to throw around : — bagal 
idki, 8 f. A particular mode of tying 
on a sheet or a blanket, by which it is 
made to pass under each arm and over 
the opposite shoulder successively: — hagal 
vichch dabdund or mdrnd, or bogle mdrnd, 
V. a. To carry off under one's arms, to 
conceal under the armpit : — bagal vichch 
laind^ or hagle lalnd, v. a. To embrace. 

BAGAL-GAN 4dl<M>dlA« /. CPot.) Smell 

proceeding from the armpits, stinking 

BAGALf ^SRO^ s. f. A small bag 

swung at the side, usually carried by 
faqirs to beg. 


( 68 ) 


13AGALNA ildlM^I r. a. To make a 

detour and get ahead of one, so as to 
stop Lini; to enclose (a piece of ground.) 

BAGAJgl ildlc^ «. /. A kind of grass of 

which coarse ropes are made ; red rice 
of a coai'se quality. 

BAGAR "grgfg ,, f.^m. The notch at 

the end of an arrow that fits on the bow 
string, a notch at the end of a stick, or 
pole ; the name of a district in Bikaner. 

BAGAR ^cfTU «. /. Corrupted from the 

Persian word Began Impressment of 
workmen and carriage, forced labor with 
or without payment : — hai^dr (dlnd, v, n. 
To work in a half-hearted or perfunctory 
manner, to work carelessly. 

BAGArI ^9W^ «. tn. Corruption of 

the Persian word Begdri, A forced 
labourer, one who works under compul- 
sion from Government ; one pressed to 
carry burdens for individuals or the 
public : — bagdri phafndy v. a. To press 
one into service with or without pay. 

BAGG ^31 8. m. A herd of cattle ; I g. 

BAGGA ^ggiT a. White ;-». w. A white 
ox ; a kiss. 

BAGGHf W^ ) «• /. A buggy, a 
BAGGf ggj^ ) horse-fly, a gig. 

BAGGf T^^ a. White i-^baggi dain, 
«. /. Rupee, (literally the white witch.) 

BAGGHMAl!JJ^9Rnr a. m. \ Throw- 
BAGGHMIn toW s. f. I ing, (a 
BAGGHTA WH^ ^./. I spear, 
BAGGHT;Af ; ^j|^ «. /. J bludgeon, 


BAGGHU ^^ $. m. Thick and fat ; 

stupid ; a stupid person ; scarecivw ; 
a bugbear. 

BAGGI ^idl I 8.f, A kiss ; a herdsman. 

BAGH W^ s, m. A tiger;— (3f.) A 

kind of coarse cloth, embroidered all 
round with silk of various colours, wore 
by women ; a sort of richly-embroidtred 

BAGHAMBAR ^TUrag ,. „^, The akin 
of a deer or a tiger. 

BAGIIAR ^giXirg ,. ^, Condiments prt- 

pared by frying spices with ghee or oi', 
seasoning for food, melted ghee i-^haghdr 
de^ or Idundy v. a. To season, to fry 
spices in ghee, 

bAgha^billA ^WtSlftjW I*. «. A 

wild cat; a large tom-cat; (met.) a 
large uncouth looking man. 

BAGHARNA ^^M^g^T V. a. To seacoR 
with heated ghee or oil. 

BAGHARWAU^jrA ^^ Jdsg'Qd ' t>.a.To 

cause to be seasoned. 

BAGH-BAGHAT ^g^^ra^J^nS 8. m. The 

hoarse rambling noise made by a camel 
or tiger. 

BAGHBAGHAUlirA ^Urguirg^T ) 

B AGHB AGH KARNA ^pira^X[or3?5T ) 

V. n. To rumble, to make a rambling 
noise ; (as a camel or a tiger.) 

BAGHEL ^fu}^^ 8. /. A term in partridge 

fighting to denote a beaten or runaway 
partridge ; one who runa away; properly 


( 69 ) 


BAGHELA ^^Ws. m. ) A tiger's BAGLA V^^s, m. The nameof a white 

BAGHf 5gmft s. in. A bubo ; strik- 
ing the arms against the sides to mani. 
fest joy : — bdghi pduni^ v. a. To flap 
the arms against the sides, at the same 
time making a loud tremulous sound 
(done by beggars to excite compassion.) 

BAGHlAS ^gfiWflS > 9,m. A wolf; 

BAGHIA^f ^rfUpW^ ] » Pi©c« of 

wood of which one end rests on the ground, 
and the other on the JhaUan (»'. «., the 
beam across t^e mouth of the well on 
which the Baghidr supporting the laf(h 
rests.) One end of the axle of the Bair 
(the wheel on which the buckets hang) 
rests on it. The well works easier thus 
than if the axle worked on the Jhallan, 

BAGHlA?f ^ftWP^ Is./. Ashe- 
BAGHIYA»f ^fUror^ j wolf; an 

instrument made of a thin reed split at 
one end, used by Muhammadans in the 
operation of circumcision ; an apparatus 
used in repairing a sugar press cylinder 
when broken : — bagkidricharkni, v. a. To 
apply the haghidri. 

BAGHlSrf 55ni|^i./. A tigress. 

BAGHI7N 'SP^i. m. (M,) The snub- 
nosed or true Crocodile (Crocodilus palus- 
trig) found in India only in one lake in 
Sindh. It is identical with the species 
found in the Nile. In the Indian rivers 
the long-nosed variety (i. c, Alligator) 
alone exists. 

BAGfCHA s. m. ^ofltl' [ Corrupted 
BAGf CHf B. f, ggft^ j from the 

Arabic word Bdgtchd. A small garden, 
iu which flowers, fruits or vegetables are 
thrown ; an orchard or gi»ove. 

15 AGIHA5 ^RjlOlfj s.m.) See Baghidr 
BAGIHA^f IjPdIOIgfl ft/. \&Baghidrt. 

bird, a paddy-bird, the lesseribis, a species 
of hei'on :—bayld bhagat, s, m. One having 
a white exterior, like a Bagld, but with a 
heart full of rapacity and covetousness ; 
a false devotee (one who pretends or 
I tries to pass for a bhagat) j a hypocrite, a 
cunning, ai-tful fellow. 

BAG^jA <ldie^ V. n. To move, to flow, 
to run, to go hastily ; to blow ; i, q, Vagnd, 

BAGOCHA ^6T^. fn. Destitution, 

want of something, scarcity; u o. Fa- 

BAGO^JA ^2? V. a. To injure, to 

defame, to calumniate, to slander, to 
waste; *. q. Banggond, 

BAG5A €fiOia»*. m. A kind of coverlet 

made without wadding, made of cotton 
from Bdgar; made of cotton as distin* 
guished from wool, 4c. 

BAGSf ^rgi^ J ,. ^. ^ native 

BAGSIJA €|idlgOr ) 8. m. CoiTupted 
BAGStJA ^gipMT jfrom the Hindi 
word Baksud. See Bahaud, 

B AGUCHOHNA tidltfe ' V. n. To be des- 
titute, to want, to be badly off for 
want of soipething, to remain in want of 

BAGUL 4dJM 8. /. See BagaL 

BAGULA ^^[35^*. m. SeeBagald. 

BAGULf ydl*^#./. SeeBagalt. 

B^GtJN W^ 8. m. See Bdgh^n. 


( 70 ) 


BAH t^^ij, 8, /. Power, ability, strength 
i. q. Vdh, 

BAHA ^>U' 8. m. An arm of a river 

or canal ; an axe-helve, a hoe-handle, 
width, breadth ; priee. 

BAHABA TS[ZPW «• m. (K.) Rent or tax 
paid on a sheep^rnn. 

BAHADAR tigitid a- Corrupted from 

' the Persian word Bahadur, Brave, bold, 
courageous, high-spirited; — & «i. A 
heix), a champion, a knight. 

BAHADARf ^SRT^dt «• /• Corrupted 

from the Persian word Bahdduri. Brave- 
ry, courage, valor, heroism. 


BAHADARf AN tJO'tfJlW «. /. The 

name of gold ornaments worn by wo- 
men in the ear ; gold ear-rings. 

B AHAf 73U^ «. /. Ploughing ; i. q. Va- 

BAH A J ^TJIflf t./. {KA Ploughed land 
ready for sowing. 

BAHALNA ^0*^2? v. n. To cause 
to sit, to station, to set. 

BAHAN ^US V. n.(3f.) To sit :— M^< 

fe hahan nd dene ie medd urdd tolin. 
Prov. — The shopkeeper won't even let 
him sit down in the shop, and he says, 
oblige me by weighing my purchases ; 
used of a person who asks favors of 
those who have already shown hostile in- 
tentions towards him : — bhd chdwan di te 
rhauke di $ain te haithi. — Pi»ov. she came 
<)nly to get a light, and she has now 
taken her seat as mistress of the hearth. 

BAHANGGA Hk^S #. m. 1 a Bahinggd 
B AHANGGf ^jijf^ 8. /. ^ with its fix- 

tures and load. 

BAHANNA ^OTJjf 1 8, fn. Corrupted 
BAHAN^A ^O l ^gjl j from the Persian 

word Bahdnah, Pretence, evasion, ex- 
cuse, pretext, contrivance; means, 

BAHAR ^RFU 8. f. The spring, bloom ; 

beauty, elegance; delight, enjoyment, the 
pleasures of the senses, taste or culture ; 
season : — hahdr luffndy v. a. To snatch 
pleasure or delight (from), to revel in. 

BAHAR ^gUU «. t». Flow, rhythm. 

BAHAR 4>Od 6. m. The outside;— od. 

Out, outside; externally, outward, with- 
out ; abroad, beyond ; — intj. Out ! away ! — 
hdhar bhtta/Tf or andar 8, m. Inside and 
outside ; — ad. In and out; within and 
without i^bdhar hondy ». n. To be outside 
of ; to deviate, wander from ; to dissent 
from, disagree: — bdhar hon jdndt or bdhar 
phiran jdndy v. n. To go to answer a 
call of nature, to go to a privy (generally 
used by women) to walk : — bdhar kamd or 
kaddhndy v, n. To exclude; turn out, 
dismiss, expel ; put out ; go away ; to put 
out of caste, excommunicate ; divorce (a 
wife): — bdhar thdn^ 8, m. A village: — 
bdhar todld^ wdliy 8. tn. or /. An evi] 
spirit, demon. 

grjJ^f^^JT J wild cat. 


8ee Bdhghar. 

BAHArI ^0»^ 1 »• /■ A broom :— 
BAHARU l]OI^ J baJidrt dend or pherndy 

V. n. To sweep : — bahdri phirtit, v, n. 
To be entirely cleared and cleansed ; to 
be desolated, to be execrated, 

BAHArI ^0*dl a. Belonging to tho 


( 71 ) 


BAHARLA ^IJd Ml a. Outer ;-^ m. 
A hog, 

BAHATTAR IJU^a. Seventy-two. 


a. In one's second childhood, in one's 

BAHAU liOlQ 9. m. Plowing, float- 

BAHAtf liii^Q a. Fit for flowing and 
ploughing ; i. q. Vahdu* 

BAHAITIJA ^O'Qe' ». «. To cause to 

flow, to make to float; to let down a rope 
into a well for drawing water ; to cause 
to sit ; t. q. VahdtuuL 

BAHELi ^uM 9-f' A woman who saun- 
ters about idly. 

BAHE^A '^^W 9. m. A fruit used 
medicinally {Belleric myrobalans,) 

BAHETA uOd' «. m. Carrying loads, 
any work done by beasts of harden. 

BAHGA? ^TUHiaF «, m. 1 A liug- 
BAHGARf ^5^331^ #. /. y bear, an 
BAHGU^t q i OdM 9. w. 1 imagi- 
nary object of terror: — bdhgaf ftiWrf, 9, m. 
A wild cat (spoken to frighten children.) 

BAHr ^Ol «./. An account book, a 

register, a merchant's or banker's book, 
stitched together a^ one end instead of the 
side ; — baht khdttd^ s. m. Account books ; 
ledger ; a set of books kept by merchants 
or bankers. — i q Tahu 

BAhI W^ 9. / The sidepiece of a 

bedstead; a ridged cylinder of gold or 
• silver worn on the arm by women as an 
ornament; the side of anything ; the ram- 
parts of a fort, (t. «., the portions of wall 
between the towers) ; ploughing, agri- 
culture:— 6aW tdhi, 9 /. Pillaging as 
practised by women in the beginning of 
the month Magh, On two days of hdM 
tdhi^ visits of guests are considered pro- 
pitious in places west of Lahore. 

BAmCHALH?A ^ib d«i' V. «. 

To begin to flow (water) ; ^mef J tolose a 
sense of truth and honour; to become 
unprincipled and unscrupulous; to be 
dishonest and covetous; to indulge in 
excessive luxury. 

BAHI-JAIJA H(ljt4'i' V. n. To sit, to sit 

down, (used by people in hill districts); to 
float away, to be ready to sink ; (jneL^ 
having the same meaning as Bahi challna. 

BAHIK H^ilcl 9. f. Common or open 

ground near a village where cattle are 
gathered together, and walk about, or lie 
down ; inability to rise, weakness or 
sickness producing such inabilitv (used 
of the lower animals.) i-^hahik jdndy v. n. 
See Bahiknd. 

BAHIKAU^A yRjoilQi^r. o- To cause 
to err, to mislead, to deceive, to baulk. 


V. n. To say or 

do what is out of place, to err, to make 
a mistake, to act contrary to sense and 
propriety; to be baulked, to be dis- 
apiwinted, to be deceived ; to be intoxi- 
cated; to be weak and unable to rise 
without assistance (used of the lower 

BAHIKAL ^(oo(M a. Given to sit- 
ting ; (spoken of a horse, ox, or other 
animal that refuses to work, or to be 
driven, and obstinately sits down.) 

BAHIL ^ftjK 9./. A two-wheeled car- 

riage, a riding cart ;— 6a7u7-w?a?, 9. m. 
A coachman. 


( 72 ) 


BAHILAUljA uRJW'QA' v. a. To 

amuse, to entertain, to divert, cheer, en- 
liven, solace; %. q- Valdund. 

BAHIUJA llRjMd^ r. n. To be amused, 
to be entertained, to be diverted, Ac. 

BAHIM ^SUlH «. *». Corrupted from 
the Arabic word Vaham. See Vaham. 

BAHIMAN ^[ftWS 9 /A Corrupted 
BAHIMr :gftjjft 9. m, J from the 
Arabic word Vakmi, See Vahmi. 

BAKllS ^Rjd 9.m. See Vuhin. 

baggage establishment of an army ; i. q. 

BAHIRA <l(vJd» s.m. A Bearer, (t. e,, 
house servant.) 

BAHI5A (iRl^l 9. m. 1 A bullock, a 
BAHI?f ^jRjgfl 5./. J young bull, a 


BAHI5A ^iRl^l 8. «i. Eating stale 

bread and drinking water drawn the day 
before; (practised as a religous rite bj 
Hindus on the Tuesdays of the month 
Chet, in the worship of the Sitld Devi the 
Goddess of Small-pox.) ; %. q. Bdhjri, 


bahiriAhoiA ^rfbfewSfenp o. 

^^^..n.. ^ apertux. in the I 1^11, ^^J^^^^^^^^ 
wall of a house, fort, or city, lor ifetting I 
out water ; a spent. ^ fWj^TS gftjH .. / Corrnpted from tL. 

BAHHiTA ^ftlc?„.«. To flow ; to float, I Arabf. >ir<^aA«. Altercatiou. diapuf. 

' ' controversy, 

to sink; to sit; i, q, Yahind, 

BABl^Qk ^Rjd)i 9, m. A bamboo used 

for carrying burdens by being equally 
loaded at both ends and balanced on 
the shoulders, t. g. Vahingd. 

BAHIl^Gf gf^ B. f. A Bahingd 
with its fixtures and loads. 

BAHISe^A ^ftre^rV- **• ^^ dispute, 
to discuss, to argue* 

BAHIST gfturg B. m. ClSF^V^^ ^^ 

BAHI^fOf ydjdtn «. m. A sister's hus- 

the Persian word Bihish 



BAHISTf H?tii\S 8, m.,/ cJt^P*^ 

from the Persian word BihishtiX^^^ 
u A 1 XI- - 1 ^ dwellers in heaven; a Muhamrf|^*° 

liAHIR ^fu&«. m. Sexual appetite, lust. 
IIAHIP ^ftra 1*. /. A heifer; {. q. 


BAIlfR 15ZftU,*. /. A crowd; 


BAHITAR, '^^8,m. A beast of 

den ; especially an ass, mule, or ponV ' 
t' q. Vahitar, 


BAhImAn ^l^f^ I ^- Twenty-secouf 

BAHfYA <«iJlvfi 8.7n, SeeBdhyd. 


( 73 ) 


BAHJ ^iOH prep. Without ;—a«rZ 

bdjhon khuh khdlL Without wits the well 
is empty, i. e., extravagance will ex- 
haust the largest treasures; — 8, m. A 
clod of earth ; a ploughed field ; — t. f. 
(K) Ploughed land ready for sowing. 

BkEJ^k ^IUHc^> 9' w. See JBdhifd, 

BAHLA <i*d«>'l a. Much, more, very 
BAHLI ^9TU?^J niuch, many; exces- 
sive ; abundant; — €td. In a great degree, 
much, well ; extremely, exceedingly. 

BAHLtJ ^^<J§ 8. m. A bug-bear ; i. q. 

BAHMAN ^mjfS #. m. Corrupted from 

the Sanskrit word Brahman, A Hindu 
priest; the highest civste of Hindus; a 
kind of g'reen and red coloured bird. 

BAHMANf ^rOH^ «. /. Corruption 

oi tho Sanskrit word JBrahmanu A 
female of the Brahman oaste ; a species 
of lizard about six inches in length, and 
having a red tail ; tho name given to a 
oat (sarcastic) ; the name of a disease in 
which tho eyelashes fall out ; a disease 
which affects certain cereals, %. e., two//*, 
mdnh, mung, and, according to some, 
joeiona and hemp also. The disoaso 
jihows itself in October; white spots 
(cJiiUiJ appear on the leaves ; only plants 
here and there are affected. No grain 
forms. The name Bdkmani comes from 
the custom of Brahmans who adorn 
themselves with white spots of Sandal. 

BAHN HOc£ s. w., f. The surface of 

a roughly plouj^hei field; flowing; a kind 
of tree (Pajmlm BnphratiraJ ;—v, n. (M.) 
To sit;— W/t fe /W/an ii'i dure ie inMd 
urdd toUn. 'The shopkeeper won't even 
let him sit down in the shop, and he 
says " Favour me by weighiTig my pur- 
chasea."— Prov. used of person?? who ask 
favours of those who have alre:vly shown 
themselves hostile to tliem. 

BAHN 'Spij 8, f. The arm ; (met.) a 

protector, an assistant ; a brother :-^ 
idhn gahnij v. a. To hold one's arms, i, e. 
to pi*otect : — bdhn fu(ni or bhajni, v. a. To 
have one's arms broken, i. e., to lose 
a friend or protector by death. 

BAHN A ^rU5^ «?• »• See BahiQd. 

BAHNAlSinJ iJIJAi «• *»• A kind of 

cloth : at the time of dyeing knots are 
tied in some places, and these parte of 
the cloth remain white. 

BAHNDOL ^US€?5 »• (^') C^tivat- 
ed; t. q. BikndoL 

BAHNf yiO^ «- ^' (^') A slave girl, a 
maid servant. 

BAHNOf ^dAjfl «• ^- ^ Bister's bus- 

band, a brother-in-law; %. g. Banot, 
Bhanat, Bhanvayyd, 

BAHNlJ gas «./. (^') A kind of 
shawl worn by women. 

BAHODAH yiOtilU aJ. Immediately, 

inptantly, at onoe, without stopping ; t. q. 

BAHOLA l|d^^ «• ^- A kind of adze. 

BAHRA l]fOc|l «• '^' A term used to 

denote twelve villages inhabited chiefly 
by a caste of jats ; any collection of 
twelve villages inhabited or owned by 
people of one caste ; (there are many such 
iii.-^t.inccsi of ownership in the Panjab) ; 
-—(I. Of a lon.E^th equal to twelve fingers' 
breadth, (spoken of shoes) ; opposed, 
a.nraiiist ; without, excluded from ; — ad. 
Witlioat, with opposition, with contra- 

BAHRf ijtyj) s. f. The name of a caste 


( 74 ) 


of Khattriei ; collection of twelve castes of 

BAHROHAL l|CI^09S *• m. (if.) The 
axle bf a^ ChdkU (a horizontal wheol.) 

BAHRlJ ^T^g ,. w. A helper ; t. g. 

BAHTERA ^O^d' «• Much, many, 
enough, a gi*eat deal ; i. g. Bahuterd. 

BAHU ^cj »• w. Deceit ; — hdhu mdmd, 

V. a. To make a false pretence in order 
to secure an object ; — a. Much, many : — 
hahu'hachan, s, m. Much speaking : — 
hahU'biddid, s. /. Store of knowledge, 
varied learning : — bahu-bidh, a. Of many 
sorts, various, multiform, expert, acquaint- 
ed with many ways or methods : — bahu 
darsi, a. Seen in manv forms, an actor, 
a mimick : — bahu guna^ s, m. One who 
is skilled in the arts and sciences, one 
who has many good qualities ; a vessel 
used for a variety of purposes : — bahu- 
ranggt, a. Variegated, various, variable 
in colour, changeable, appearing in 
various lights : — bahu rup^ s, m. Mi- 
micry :—bahu rupi, a. Multiform : — bahu 
rup%, bahu ruptd, s, m. One who assumes 
a variety of forms and appearances, a 
mimic, one who personates different cha- 

BAHU l^fil «. /. A daughter-in-law, a 

son's wife, in some places simply a wife, 
the lady of the house, the mistress : — gheu 
sauodre sdlnd te vaddt bahu dd ndn. It is 

• • • 

the ghee that flavours the vegetables, but 
the elder daughter-in-law gets the praise. 
— Prov. used of persons who become 
famous without much labor : — bahu beft, 
9. /. Wives and daughters ; ladies : — 
bahu bet% or dhi bhain sdriydn de hundi 
hai. All have wives and daughters, 
or daughters and sisters. — Prov. used 
to persons who cast glances at the female 
relatives of others. 

BlHULf IjlO^ f. /. A sleeve. 

BAHim ^ ad, (M.) Much, very :— 

thord khafid te bahun sud. Little labour 
and great profits :— bahun gund, a. One 
who is skilled in arts and science ;. one 
who has many good qualities :—6aWei 
idrdf a. Very much, very many. 

BAHUNA ^IJc^r V. a. To plough ; to 

comb ; to unmoore, (a vessel), to cause to 
sail ; to wield, (a sword) ; i. q. Vahdumi. 

BAHITNA ^gST a. Destitute, in want. 

BAHU9 40 B ad' Again, at length, 
still, yet ; an imperative of v. a. Bahur- 

BAHU5I 4>OrI inter. An exclamation 

used in crying for help, nearly equivalent 
to Duhdt ; (commonly expressed as uh 
bdhurt bdhufi kardd hai, he is crying for 
help) ; t. q, Bauhrt, 

BAHlfS TiUTT a: Corrupted from the 

Arabic word Fahtuh, (pL, of Vahsh.) 
Foolish, senseless, stupid. 

BAHTJT ^R]3 ^' Much, many, enough ; 

"-ad. In a great degree, much, w^Il, 
considerably : — bahut karke, ad. Mostly, 
frequently, generally :— bahut idrd, •. 
Very much, very many. 

BAHUTA ^Od' «• Much, many .— 
bahutd adrdy a. Very much, very many. 

BAHUTAIT ^53»feH ) t. /. Abund- 
BAHUTAT ^ Jj l ^ ) anoe, plenty. 

BAHUTERA ^09dl «• See Bahterd. 

BAHUrf 9U<n «•/• ^ wife, a bride; 
i. q, Vahufi, 

I " ■ 


( 75 ) 


BAHTJTPVfSk ^J^MS* »■ «• Wife- 
hood, brideship ; t. {• Bahiit'pund. 

BAHUTTA ?gO^I t. w. An ornament 

worn on the npper part of the arm ; %, q, 
Barwaf'td^ Bhanoaftd, 

BAHYA X|1iJM' «. ~- A district, tract 

embracing twenty-two Tillages; one known 
in Tehsil Mogd, 

BAf a^^n «• Twenty-two ;— #. m., /. 

Brother, (contraction of Bhdiy used aronnd 
Amballa) ; a title often given to a father 
or grandfather in and around Lndhiana ; a 
title given to Marhatta ladies ; a term 
applied to various diseases. See Bdddi; 
i. q. Vdi. 

BAI ^ 8. m., /. (A.) Selling, sale, fixing, 

value, (of a thing) : — hai ndmah^ «. m, 
A deed of sale, a bill of sale. 



m. Fritters made of 

wheat, which Hindu married women re- 
ceive from their parents, together with 
some money, as presents for their mother- 
in-law, or father-in-law, or the oldest 
relative in the family, on Karvd OJuxuth^ 
a festival which occurs in the month of 
Katak ; on this occasion every married 
woman fasts and worships the Karvd (an 
earthen pot filled with water.) 

^ j a di 

Breadth, width ; 
drum beaten with 

bAiA t|"ftiW 

bAiAn gifigrnn 

the left hand ; — a. Left ; (used chiefly in 

BAlBKOer 4l(\ji|o(d t./. The north- 
west point of the compass. 

BAID c(ti «- wi. A doctor, a physician, 

one who practices the art of healing ; i. q 

BAIDAK 5t:o( 8. m. The science of 
medicine, the art and practice of medi- 

cine ; i. q, Vaidah, 

BAID^A ^t!rj* «• ^- -^^ empiric, a 
quack ; also a young rogue, a brat. 

BAf HMA^? yiiflOIT ) a. Twenty 
BAf HWAl? ^|I^O^i ) second. 

BAIKHAR c[^B 8. w. {M,) Corrupted 

from the Arabio word .Sai, sale, and 
Khar^ the root of the Persian 
word KhaHdan^ (to buy.) A broker. 
Used specially of a person who buys a 
crop of unripe dates, watches it while 
ripening, picks the fruit, and sells it by 
retail. Under the government of Diwan 
Sawan Mall the Baikhars were an import- 
ant body. The government took the 
whole of the date-crop, no right of the 
owners of the land to the fruit being 
admitted. Each year in Hdrh (June- 
July) the date-crop was valued and 
sold at a fixed price to the Baikhar8^ 
who were usually the persons who had 
bought the fruit of the same trees in 
former years. From the time of sale 
they had to bear all expenses of watch- 
ing, picking, drying and selling by retail. 
The price fixed was rigorously exacted. 
Bain or a fall in the price of dates of 
course caused them much loss, but no 
remissions were allowed on this or any 
other account. The British government 
has, however, admitted the right of th« 
owners of the soil to the date trees, upon 
which a cash assessment has been made. 
Baikhan are now those who buy the 
nnripe crop from the land owners, and 
watch, harvest and sell the fruit. The 
trade is very profitable. They absorb 
most of the profits that have arisen from 
the grant by Government of proprietaiy 
rights : — haikhardn de ajah chdle ; hik 
mdnh khafdey khdnde sard sale. The ways 
of haiklvars are wonderful ; they work for 
one month, and live a whole year on the 
profits ! 


8, m. Heaven, the 

heaven of Vishnu, paradise: — haikunfh 
dhdm, 8. m. A house like paradise. 

BAIL ^(^ 8, m, A bull, an ox ; met. a 


( 76 ) 


blockhead ; also ill-conduct, as gamb- 
ling, lewdness, : — hailddr ' or hailt^ a. 
Vicious, dissipated, given to evil habits, 
as gambling, intemperance, lewdness, 
deceitlal, deceiving, a cheat. 

BAIN 'SiS ^- '^- Word, language, 

speech :— bain hdvli or hauri^ 8. /. A 
covered spring. 

chandise, trade ; transaction. 

BAIPARr ^V^ 8, m. Corrupted from 

the Sanskrit word Tayapdri- A trader, 
a merchant. 

BAIN "SH^ s,m. Recounting with lamen- 
tations the virtues of a deceased person ; 
c. w. ydme ; i. 5. Vain, 


*. m. A man re- 

markable for stoutness and strength, but 
not for wit ; a stupid fellow. 

BAINCHHARf ^*^cfl *• /• ^ barren 

female buffalo (used for carrying burdens 
and ploughing lands) ; a woman who is 
fat and strong, but has little sense j a 
stupid wench. 

BAIR ^[^ *. m. Enmity, animosity, 

hostility, antipathy, malice, ill-will : — Jaf 
te sande da hair nahin jdndd. The malice 
of the Jat and the male buffalo is xin- 
quenchable ; i. q. Vair. 



s. /. The wheel on which 
the well pots are strung and 

BAINDA 'STS^ a. Crooked, athwart, 
away ; of a crooked disposition. 

BAINGAN 5 die ) «• 'n^' Brinjals, the 
BAINGGAN ^^^ ) egg-plant, (Sola- 

nuvi metoiigena) . 

BAIGGNf ^dfc^ a- 0* *^ ^^^ ^^ 

an egg-plant, purple. 

BAINS HT1 «. m. A tribe of cnltivatoPB. 

BAINT ^3 a. Corrupted from the 

Pei'sian word Bed. Rattan, cane : — haini 
laffdnrid or mdrnd, v. n. To beat with 
ji cane, to flog ;— a. /. Corruption of the 
Arabic word Bait. A couplet, verse :— 
haint Id], s. m. One who sings verses:— 
laitbdji.s. /. Singing of verses. These 
hnintif have no rules of poetry and are 
composed and sung extempore by even 
the illitei-atc persons, generally by 

BAIPAR ^N^ «• ^- Corruption of the 
Sanskrit word Vayapdr. Traffic, mer- 

revolve. It is made up of 28 spokes, 
(tir) 28 tires, (vangas) and 19 cross 
pieces, (jphal% or phalri) connecting the 
outer and inner tires on which the well 
ropes and pots rest. 

B AIRA "^cP «• »»• -A. piece of wood set in 

the small beams of a roof when crooked, 
to make them lie firmly ; t. q. Vartjdy 

BAIRAG ^dMI »• wi. Separation; 

freedom from passion or worldly attach- 
ments ; renunciation of worldly pleasure*, 
seclusion from the world ; devotion, aua- 
terity, penance. 

BAIRAGAN ^d^dld •• /• Tbo wife of 

a Bairdgi ; a small cross-shaped wocxkn 
instrument, or a piece of iron, which 
Bairdgis and other faqir$ place under 
the armpit to lean upon as they sit iu 
contemplation . 

BAIRAgI ^d'dft »• ^- Separated from 

worldly desires or passions ; ascetic, devo- 
tee ; a class of Hindu faqirs who roam 
about the country and practise certain 

BIARAK "lUor ) 9. m., /. A fla> . i 
BAIRAKH :^'3^ ) banner, an enL - jifn 

police or military lines. f 


( 77 ) 


B AIRAJJ ^dct 6. f. ) An enemy ; t. q. 
^gy s. W.J Vaii-an, Vairi, 


BA151AH01A tfknrotenfTa. un. 

scrupulous ; stupid ; void of sense. 
BAIS ^qTT ) 9. m. One of the four 


BAISH ^5f J primary Hindu castos; 
». q. Vais, Vaith, 

BAISAK tWoT .. /. (K,) A place 

where cattle rest after drinking, or during 
the heat of the day. 

BAJSANTAR flR? ,. f. Fire :-haxsan. 

tar devtd ghkr lagge tdn jdppe or jane, 
Une knows the power of ^e only when 
it burng one's own house.— Prov. used of 
persons who are altogether indifferent 
to the distress of others, and realise 

\* J^^^y ^^^^ *^®y tliemselves are in 

pAlSf gifejft ,./. A Province of 

twenty-two States, (spoken of a hill 

BAISNO tjn§ ) ,. ^. Cormpted from 
BAISHNO ^5^ j the Sanskrit word 

BaUhnav, Hindus who prefer the wor- 
ship of Vishntt to that of any other god ; 
thochws includes many sects. The name is 
also commonly applied to vagrant mendi- 
cants who bear the marks and insignia of 
FwAnw, and repeat hymns in honour 
of his incarnations, especially under the 
forms of ^ma and KrUhna, and who 
aDstain n*om meat. 


BAIS^ qg35 ,. „, p^ f^^ ,j^^ 
in tie stomach; colic. 


BAITHAK t3or ,. /. A parlour; 

a seat; place or building where male 
visitors, whom it is not desired to intro- 
duce into the house amongst the women, 
are received for business or pleasure- 
act or state of sitting ; a kind of exer ' 
ciso ; (in the last sense used always in 
the plural batfhkdn kadhniydn.) 

BAITAL tSTW 1. m., /. An idler, a 
fool, a wanderer, a vagabond, 

BAITALf tgij^ ,. /. Forty-two. 

BAITHAHirA t3I?52T K.«. causatiye 
BAITHAUl^A ^(^^] of Baithnd. To 

cause to sit; to cause to engage in any 
business ; to set at any work ; to fix in 
tine proper place. 

m a 

BAITHMAlSI tsW ^a. Sitting 
BAITHWAlSI f5^ (sitting posture: 
^A«rf« jord, down a* the heel 


V. N. 

To sit down, to 

Bit ; to be firmly settled, to be placed in 

Btat:on to engage in a particular bis? 
ness , to be well practised or ex^rt ; to 
be without emnlovment . ^^u ^"*'' ' ^ 

MM. V. «.'xtT^2Jer:5?j 

haxthni, V. n. To be cured of a bZ 

BA J ^TfT ,. i». Corruption of the Persian 
yrotdBdz. A hawk, a falcon; music- 
playing on a musical instrument:-^,-^^^' 
*.«. One who sports with hawks I 

? f V^Z' ' ,«amekeepert-W,v«r.' 
«. /. Training of, and sporting with 
hawks or falcons, the oifice'^and bwin^ 
of a falconer -.-ididdrni, *. /. The wtfS 

mstruments ; playing on musical instra 


( 78 ) 


BA J ^^ti s. m. Corruption of the Persian 

word Bde, (Used as an affix.) A player : — 
jue W;, #. m. A gambler : — randi bdjy $. m. 
A whoremonger ; — ad. Again, as in ; — hdj 
duniy V. a. To abjure ; to decline, to leave 
off, to desist, to abstain : — hdj rakhnd, v. 
a. To hold back, to restrain, to dissuade, 
to repress, to withhold, to detain: — 
hdj rahina^ v. a. To abstain, to desist, to 
cause to forbear, to shun. 

BAJAJ ^tilfi s. m. Corruption of the 

Arabic word Bandz, A cloth merchant ; 
a draper, mercer. 

BAJAjf JblHTfl) ,. /. Corrupted from 

the Arabic word Bazdzi, The business 
of a Bajdj, selling cloth, linen draper, the 
trade of a mercer. 

BAJAK t|fi^o( s, m. A musician, a player 

on an instrument, a sower of seeds ; %. q. 

BAJittXUNX ^TP ^iQ^I V. a. To 
perform, to execute, to obey. 

BA JAN </fi^ s. m. Gormpted from the 

Arabic word Vazan. Weight: — hajan- 
ddr, a. Heavy, weighty ; t. q. Tajan. 

BAJAB ^fi^o '- ^« Corruption of the 

Persian word Bdzdr. A market, a street 
in which wares are sold, a b€uar, 

BAJARBATTtJ (if^d^^ »• «• The 

name of a hard seed; it is not eaten, but 
used as a charm, and tied round a child's 
neck to ward off the evil eye; t. q, 
Najar baftu, 

BAJARf T^t^jT^ a. Corrupted from ths 

Persian word Bdtdri. Pertaining to the 
market; sometimes used to denote a 

woman of bad character: — hdjdri aurat^ 
8, /. A prostitute. 

BAJARf A ^tTT^bW 8, m. Living in 
the Bdzdr. 

BAJiffltJ ^fT^g *. t». Of, or belonging 

to, the Bdzdr: — as bdjdru hlidbwr^ s. J- 
Unauthentic news. 

BAJA'UNi< Ijfir^^l v. a. To play on a 

musical instrument ; to call with a loud 
voice, to speak openly, to do or perform, 
execute, to cai ry out : — galpia dhol bajdund, 
f. a. To do whatever one is compelled to 
do : — ^hok bajdundy or fhok hajd he laind, 
V. a. To examine, test, to teat the purity 
of a coin by its ring (pdrkhnd) : — icdjjd 
hajdundy v. a. Ut. to play on a musio^ 
instrument ; (met.) to cohabit, to have 
sexual intercourse with ; t. g. Vajduad, 

BAJANTARf ^[f7H3^ #. m. 
BAJANTABIJ ^7?75^ «• /• 
BAJANTRf ^fTS^ *. ^' 
One who plays on musical instruments. 

BAJE ^Iff a. Some, a few, several. 

BAJB ^^ j pr^' Without, bo- 

BAJH qiS^ > sides, except : — ahd 
BAJHOljr -ST^ J bo^Jum khuh tta'K. 

Without wits (in the owner) the well be- 
comes empty. — ^Prov. used of persons 
who spend money extravagantly. 

BX jf ^Fnl *• /• Corrupted from the 

Persian word BdzL Play, sport, game ; 
a stake (at play), a wager, bet, a game of 
chance, hasard :— W/< hdmi, v. a. To lose 
a wager i—hdji jV *-» or laijdni, v, a. To 
win a game ; to be victorious or snccess- 


( 79 ) 


ful ; to come off best; to be first : — hdji 
khedni, v, n. To play a game: — bdji 
lagdund, v. n. To lay a bet or wager ; 
to gamble : — hdjt gar, s. m. A gymnast, 
one who performs feats of agility, a 
tumbler, a rope-dancer : — bdji gami^ i. f. 
The wife of an acrobat ; a woman who 
performs feats of agility : — bdji gari^ s. f. 
The business of an acrobat, per- 
forming feats of dexterity. Also a sub- 
stantive termination ajs kahutar bdji, 
pigeon -flying ; randi bdji, adultery, whore- 

BAJJ t|f-| 8.f» A blemish occasioned by 

the loss of a member, as an eye, ear, 
finger, arm, leg; fracture (of an article 
of furniture) ; tearing (of a book) ; a flaw ; 
a defect ; sometimes also ' used of 
disaster or injury befalling any busi- 
ness ; c. to. pat jani, 

DAJJA ^Ifi 1 f. m. A musical instru- 
ment, music ; a fool^ an idiot ; — a. Mad, 
idiotic, foolish : — bdjjd hajdund, v. a.> lit. 
to play on a musical instrument ; met, to 
cohabit, to have sexual intercourse: — 
b4jjd gdjjdf, 8. m. All sorts of musical 

BAJNf <fti^ <• /• A percentage of the 

produce of a field set apart in divid- 
ing between the Government and the 
ximinddr for the benefit ^ of the poorer 
classes, as weavers, blacksmiths, mirdiis^ 
(a custom of the Sikh regime); i. q. 

BAJOG eitidi '• «• Corrupted from the 

Sanskrit word Viyog, Separation of 
friends (especially lovers) from each 
other ; the grief arising from such 
separation ; — a. Separated, parted, sever- 
ed ; c. w. hond, hqjand; i. q, Vayog. 

BAJOGf IJ^dfl '• ^- Corruption of 

the Sanskrit word Viyogi. One separat- 
ed (from his or her beloved) ; ». q, 

BAJRA '^f^ 9' i». A boati a patMoger 
boat, budgerow. 

BAJJAITTA ^tPfe^' ) av Injured, 
BA JJARATTA ^^^rggi ) broken, 

fractured, torn, having lost a limb. 

BAJJAR <4fi d «• Heavy, weighty; 

bringing bad luck; (spoken of certain 
kinds of gifts, such as elephants, gold, 
copper, &c.) ; «. q, Jabbar, 

BAJJHNA ^539 17. n. To be bound, 
tied, fastened, involved; imprisoned. 

BAJJI Iflt^n A female idiot or fool. 

BAJJNA 'Sn^TP V. n. See Vajjna. 

BAJ JUtl ^Tffa *. »t. An idiot, a man 
out of his senses, a half-witted person. 

BAJRA Wf^ i.rn.) A kind of grain 
BAJRf tjl^J) *'/ ) (=P«««5tm ipica^ 

turn) resembling broomcom. The bread 
made of this grain is very coarse : — bdjr€ 
di iMehri, generally produced and nsed 
as food in Mahod, 

BAS6 IjM #. m. Corrupted from iha 

Persian word Bdzi. An arm, a wing, a 
part of a door, a side of a window, a side 
of a bedstead; vnet. a friend, a com- 
panion, a brother : — hdjuband^ #. m. An 
ornament worn on the arm, a bracelet. 


^TR^ #. i». A sub-division of 

BAJWAITi ^trt^n ) 5.W. One that 
BAJWAYYA tJtH^lHl ) plays 
cal instrument. 

on a muBi- 


( 80 ) 


BAJTAFAT ijMMI^d »• ^. f^) 

Corrapted from the Persian word Bd^d- 
fat. Kent payable by a mortgagee to a 
mortgagor to keep the right of the 
latter alive. It varies from one-fifth 
to one-seventh of the amount paid as 
Itch or rent ; sometimes the amount paid 
is merely nominal. The custom of paying 
hdzydfat prevails chiefly in the Sangurh 
Tehsil and in the Northern parts of the 
Dera Ohazi Khan district. 

BAK ^E[S[ f • nn. Talking nonsense, chat- 
tering: — hak jhak, s.f. Prating, talk- 
ing nonsense : — hak hak karnd, v. n. To 
prate, to chatter. 

BAK hl^cl i- ^' Word, speech; i. q, 


Tfe3 ) »^vi^ 

A forest tree, 
having a thick 

nmbrella-Bhaped top (melia atedracK) 

BAKAL JANA ^oTW W^) v. n. To 
BAKALNA tjo^^A' ) ^ ^^- 

f cmed, perplexed, agitated, embarrassed ; 
to be very thirsty. 

BAKAM ^[cTH 9* /• The heart-wood 

of Oaeidlpina $appan used for dyeing a 
kind of red, logwood; i, q. Vakam. 

BAKMr ^oTlIt "1 #. /. Colored with 
BAKAN ^ T H^ J Bakam / v, n. ( Jf.) 

To bleat (like sheep) ; to talk sillily. A 
boy who was being taken to school 
met a goat on the way which was 
being taken to be killed, and was 
bleating, addressed it thus : — hakdi keun 
Thain ghidM kuhan vaindin^ hoi pajrhan tdn 
fuihin ghidht vainde. Why dp you bleat P 
They are only going to kill you ; they 
are not taking you to schooL The saying 
has now become a proverb. 

BAKAK ^o(d '• ^- Corrupted from the 

Arabic word Vaqar, Dignity, honor, 
character, value, worth demand ; t. g. 

BAKlR ^ora 

ka^tf 9. /., m. 

) *. w., /. A goat : — 
\ hakar koiaw^ hahar 

A goat-butcher. 

BAKAUNA ljo(lQ<t1 v. ». To cause 
to chatter or talk nonsense. 

BAKAWAD t(o(«^lt!) „ ^ ^ ,^ 
^ > See Bakwad, 

BAKWADH tjo(^'lj ) 

BAKAWADAN <«o(iS5it:e 


BAKAWADr ^o<»^'rJ] 

BAKAWADIN t}o(l^'(tid 

Bee Bahtvddan, 

BAKBAKA ^oC^lo^i a. Nauseouj, 
nauseating, insipid. 

BAKBAKAT lJo(i|o(lc! »• «*. Prating, 

chattering; nausea. 

BAKBAKAWA i|o(l4o(lQ6> ^^^^ To 

feel nausea, to be sick in the Btomach ; 
(governed by jt or dil.) 

BAKB AKf iJo((Jo^ «. /. Nausea ; e. w. 

BAKE-PAU^jTA ^T^Htg^T v. n. To bo 

engaged in close combat. 

BAKHA 9V(T«. m, A particular kind 
of stitch, overstitch ; c. w, kamd. 


( 81 ) 


BAKHA'DH '^hpJJ s, /. Envy, hatred; 
quarrel, straggle ; «. q. Bakhodh, 

BAKHADHAgr ^VfTTJ^ *. /. ) An envi- 
BAKHADHf ^VfUft s,m. j ous per- 
son, a hater. 

BAKHA;-HU1SII>A ^5*r^^ a. Off the 
road, on one side (also n'sed adverbially). 

BAKHXN ^VS *• »»• Explanation, 

BAKHAN^A 1TOTJ53T v, a. To explain, 
to describe, to define. 

BAKHiORA igryrgr ». w. A basket or 

box for holding knick-knacks attached 
to th 6 underside of a cart ; a kind of red 
spotted cloth used by women for 
making petticoats. 

BAKHARf ^>4T^ *. /. A granary ;— 
(K.) A fireplace in a wall ; t. q. Bikhdrt. 

BAKHARNA ^Vjg^T v. a. Td separate, 
to put apart. 

BAKHASNA ^gWHS^ t'- ^. See Bakhsnd. 


BAKHASWAU^fA ^W ^ijlQcb ) ^o^- 

rnpted from the Persian word Bakhshwd- 
nd. See Bakhsdund. 

BAKHE^A ^Q^ 8. m. Wrangling, 
disputing, contention, quarrel. 

3^ *. w. f 


A wrangler, a disputer, a contentious 
person, one given to quarrelling, 

BAKHERNA ^^gj^T v, a. To scatter. 

B AKBE5YA irQ^lin *. m. A wrangler, 
a quarrelsome peirson. 

BAKHIAUNA ^ftnrMT|^ v. a. To 
stitch according to a special mode. 

BAKHfL ^%}!3S s. m., /. Niggard, a 
miser ; an envious person, a wretch. 

BAKHfLf ^>:f)^ ». /. Stinginess, 
niggardliness, parsimony, avarice, envy. 

BAKHODH 'E[^ s.m. Envy, hatred; 
t. q. Bakhddh. 

BAKHODH AN ^gVq^*. /. ) An en- 
BAKHODHf gi5^ B.m.y vioua 

or malicious person ; t. q, Bakhddhan, 


8, m. Part, portion, 

AKH9A ^TVf3T a. A cow or female 

buffalo that has givon milk for some 
time ; rich, thick (milk) ; i. q. Khdngar. 

AKHRl ^TVf^ 8, /. (Jreen mangoes 

sliced and dried (commonly used in the 


( 82 .) 


B AKHSANA' ^^TTS^ ) t;. o. Corrupted 
BAKSANA' ^o(H<^ ' ^ from the Persian 

word Bakhshand. To give, grant, bestow, 
confer, endow j excuse, forgive, pardon. 

BAKHSANJOG ^%f7T?^^ a. Capable 
of bestowing or forgiving. 

BAKHSAUNA ^VfTrf^ > v. a. Cor- 
BAKSAUNA ^o^fl'Qd ' ) ^V^^^^ of 

the Persian word Bdkhshwdnd. To pro- 
cure forgiveness ; to procure the grant 
of anything. 

BAKHSf ^5Wft } s. m. Corrupted from 

BAKSf ^p5nft ) *^® Persian word 

Bdkhshi. Paymaster (in Muhammadan 
and Sikh armies) ; a General or Com- 

BAKHSIljlD g>:ffife a. Forgiving. 

BAKHSf S ^^nftr? ) 8. /. Corrupted 
BAKSf S ^o{|fln ) from the Persian 

word Bakhshtah. A present, gift ; reward, 
honorarium, gratuity, liberality; forgive- 

BAKH6hA ^UT 8. w. A place pre- 
pared by Hindus (and others), in me- 
mory and for the worship of departed an- 
cestors. It consists of a pit and a pillar 
formed of the earth dugfrora it; (theix? aiv 
generally three or four together, hence 
commonly used in the plural.) 

BAKHYA ^trCFT s. m. A particuhir 
kind of stitch, overstitch ; i. g. Bakkd. 

BAKf ^lofl a. Arabic word Bdqi. 

Remaining ; in arrears, still due, 
imperishable, everlasting, eternal ; — 8. tn. 
Remaining portion, residue ; what is left 
over ; balance due, ai-reai's, outstanding«, 
balance of an account ; overplus, surplus, 
excess : — bdki ehali dund, v. n. Balance 
still continues to be brought forward : 
— hdkt chukdndf v. a. To pay the 
balance due, liquidate a debit balance, 
make good a default : — hdkt de din, s. vi . 
The remaining period ; the remainder of 
one's life ; — hdkt kadhnd, r . a. To strike 
or carry forward a balance; a balance 
sheet : — hdkt ugrdhtwdy v, a. To collect 

BAKIL ^toclM ^' ^' Corrupted from 
the Arabic word VakiL See VakiL 

BAKf Lf IJoHd^ «• /. See VakiU. 

BAKHT ^5^f3 s, m. Corrupted from 

the Ai'abic word Vagt. Time : — (P.) Lot, 
fortune, good fortune, luck ; (iix>nically) 
misfortune, calamity ; — Bakht nun phari- 
yd, V. n. To be in great tix)uble ; c. w, 
jmind ; i. J. Vakht, 

BAKHTAWAR ^Iftjlsfd a. Fortunate, 

lucky ; rich, wealthy ; (ironically) un- 
lucky, unfortunate ; poor. 

BAKHTAWARf ^t) d'^cf) s. f. 

Good fortune, prosperity ; (ironically) 
misfortune, ill-luck, adversity. 

BAKK tto(' s. w. A fawn, a young buck ; 

the bark of a tree ; skin or shell, (of a 

«. /. pi 


Wheat, gram, maize, and other grain boiled 
whole and eaten with condiments, such as 
poppy seed, salt, pepper, or oil. 

BAKKAMNA ^oTHS^ v. n. To be near 

the time of bringing forth young (use^ 
of animals.) 


( 83 ) 


BAKKH ^\r «. /. The' side i^hakkh 

hhdr, ad. With the side resting on 
some support; — a., ad. Separate; asunder, 
apart : — bakkh'hqjdQdy v. n. To be separat- 
ed, to go aside ; i. q, Vakkh. 

BAKKHAR ^^^ *. w. Stock in trade, 

capita] ; (particularly spoken by oilmen) ; 
*. q. Vakklhar. 

BAKKHf ^>f^ s. /. The side under 

the armpit, rib : — hdkkhi hhdr, ad. With 
the side resting on some support ; i. q. 

BAKKHQ.BAKKH ^M^>f «• Sepa- 
rated from one another; i. q. Vakkho 

BAKKHO.BAKKHf ig^ "^^ od- Se- 
parately ; i. q. Vakkho Vakkht. 

BAKKHRA ^VTB^ a. Divided, separate; 
t. q. Vakkhrd. 

BAKKI tjloTl ». /. Vomiting : — uhnun 

hdkki dundh luii. He is vomiting (pro- 
perly uhkt or uhdki). 

BAKKf ^gioT^ s. f. A fawn, a young 

roe ; the name of a mare of Mirza's, 
famous for its swiftness. 

BAKKONDf tToftH «• /• Pregnant, 
(applied to animals) ; i. q. Vakkondt. 

BAKKRA yoTd' s. m. A he-goat :— 

Bakhrediindn kad ttkar khair mande gt ? 
How long will the mother pray for the 
safety of her kid ? (from the butcher.) 

BAKKRf yoTcfl «• /• ^ she-goat. 

BAKKRl5 '^5^§ s. m. (K.) A he-goat. 

BAKKULfAlSr '^^Zl^tiP s, f. pi See 


BAKLA IJo(<H>l The lesser Ibis ; t. q. 

BAKLA ^ToreST ,. m. A kind of grain. 

BAK^TA ^oTST V. n. To prate, to 

chatter, to talk nonsense; to talk 
obscenely or filthily. 


8. m, A he-goat; i. q. 

BAKRf ((o(^' 8. /. A she-goat ; i. q. 

BAKRf D ((otcfltf »•/• Corrupted from 

the Arabic word Baka/r-id, A festival 
observed by the Muhammadans on the 
10th of the month Zilhij, in commemora- 
tion of Abraham's readiness to sacrifice 
his son Ismail; sheep, goats, oxen, and 
camels are sacrificed on this occasion. 
It is also termed fd-uz-zuhd. 

a kid. 

s. m.ff. A young goat, 

BAKROTA gSr^^ 8. m. A young, 

full-grown he-goat; (met.) a youth, a man 
of diminutive stature. 

BAKROTf ^o(9^ 8. f. A young female 

goat almost full-grown; (rnet.) a mar- 
riageable girl, a girl of diminutive 
stature but of age. 


( 84 ) 


BAKSl^X ^oTWW 8.m. A buckle j i. g. 

BAKTA ^oTB^ *. m.y /. A speaker, 
preacher, reader ; a garrulous person. 

BAKWAD ^o(^ltf »• w- Prating, chat- 

BAKWADA$[ <<o(^it:e 
BAKWADf ^o(<lt^ 
BAKWADIN ljo(<^ l fec ! 



babbler, one who talks nonsense, one who 

BAKWADH ^Sreni s. m. Prating, 
talking nonsense ; t. g. Bakdwddh, 

BAKWADHA^? «IO(^«MC s. f. 

bakwadhI ^orarift i. m. 

BAKWADHHJ ^o^Tf^,. /. > One 
BAKWAHDAy tjot^lJtid ^' /• 
BAKWAHDf tio^ij r o^ *• w. 

who talks idly ; a prater, a babbler ; %, q. 

BAKWAH <1o(^iO 

BAKWAs ^asrenr 

BAKWAN t|o{<j l A 

s. m. Prating, 
" talking nonsense. 

BAKWAHA Ijot^iOl «. m. A talkative 
person, a prater, an idle talker. 

BAKWAHI <^0(^iJ] 
BAKWASA^T ^o(<^lltcb 
BAKWASf ^o(^ » *fl 


A prating 

XL ^JJPS 8. m. Hair ; a crack in a cop, 

glass, or earthenware ; a prop, a support, 
a dependence ; wind, breeze Ac : — hdl 
hannht kandi mdmij v. n. To hit a shell 
suspended by a hair ; (met.) to judge or 
act with perfect accuracy : — hdl hingd nd 
hond, V, n. Not to let a hair be crooked ; 
t. e. to let not the least harm be done : — 
hdl Idundy V, a. To aid one in supporting 
a burden, to help one in difficulties; — hdl 
tor^ 8. m. A pimple, a sore, a small boil 
caused by the' breaking or pulling out 
of a hair of the body ; t. q, Vdl. ; — s, m,, 
f, A child, an infant, a boy or girl not 
arrived at maturity : — hdl awtuthd, s. j. 
The period of childhood : — hdl hachche^ 
8, m. Children, family : — hdl hhogy s* m. 
An offering to KrUhna or other deities in 
the morning : — hdl huddh or huddhtj 8. /. 
Childlike intelligence, no more sense than 
a child, silliness, foolishness, stupidity; — 
a. Having no more wits than a child ; silly: 
— hdl gopdlj 8, m. Children ; disciples, 
pupils (used by faqtrs\ a term of 
endearment : — hdlp<in, halpund, f . ' m. 
Childhood: — hdl rand, hdl vidwd^ ». /. 
A child-widow. 

B AL ^C^ 8. m, A crook, a bend, a twist ; 

hdl ddr, a. Crooked, bent, twiste4 ir-hcd 
dendy v. o. To twist, wind : — hal khdndy 
V. n. To coil (as a serpent) ; to be 
vexed, to turn or twist with vezaiion. or 
rage ; to make a circuit ; i. q, Val ; 
strength, power; a sacrifice, an offering: 
— hal hakJcrdf 8, /. A goat that has 
been offered to a Devt, or that is set 
apart to * be sacrificed : — hot hal jdndn 
V, n. To be sacrificed or devoted to 
the interests of anyone : — hal hhaJckhy 
8. m., /. An offering, that which has been 
offered, a devoted thing ; that which is 
good-for-nothing; one who eats what 
has been offered to a divinity, (it being 
supposed that he does so at his peril) : — 
hal chhal^ 8, m. Force and fraud ; arti- 
fice, trick : — hal ddn, 8, m. The act of 
sacrificing a victim, an offering: — hal 
surd, a. Very powerful, very strong : — 
hal mdn, hal wdn, halwant^ a. Strong, 
powerful, mighty. 

BALAM {fi^ri 9. m. A lover, one be* 
loved, a husband. 


( 85 ) 



BALA HW *• /• Calamity, misfortane ; 

bug-bear, an evil spirit ; demon ; — a. 
Horrible, frightful, quarrelaome ; smart : 
— bald laind or halain Jmna^ v, a. To 
take on oneself the calamities of another ; 
to draw the hands over the head of 
another in token of taking all his mis- 
fortunes upon oneself ; — bald ton^ ad. No 
matter, never mind. 

BALA "^W '• ^' ^ beam, a large 
round J)ole ; ». q. Void, 

Ml ear-ring ; ad. Above : — hdld hhoUk^ o. 
Artless, having childlike simplicity ; 


BALAIT tiJJ!> l fe:J 

J from 

the Arabic 

word VaUyat. A country, a foreign 
country. See Valdyat. 

BALAITI tifttfe j) 9.m.)raUitaM, 


BALXJ ^?5TtT 8. m. That which is given 

to carpenters and other artisans among the 
Hindus, also to the Brahmjanfl,^ on the 
first and second days after Biwali. 

BXLAK UI^oT 9. m.. /. A child, a boy, 

a ^v\i—hdlak gahu, s. m. Childish 
obstinacy -.—bdlaJe puna, bdlakwdin, $. w., 
/. Childhood- 

BALALLA ^W55^ s. m. \ Foolish, sim- 
BALALLf t^ihi^^ ^ /• J P^e ; » «i"y 

person ; i. q* ValaUa- 
BALAM inZISH «. »• A lover, a beloved, 

a husband. 

sticks, but Shatiken bnms Jowdr stalks. 
— Prov. used of a person who does a 
foolish act in order to appear peculiar. 

BALANA igTJSS^ «?• «• To canae to 

bum, to kindle : — d%wd bdlnd, v. a. To 
light a lamp. 

BALANBHA ^^1^1 s, m. See Ald^hhd. 

BALANGH ^^T^tUf s. f. (M.) Jumping, 
leaping ; a jump, a leap ; i. q. Uldngh. 

BALNf ^1^^ V. a. To kindle :—agg 
bdlnif V. a. To kindle a fire. 

BALAPA^? ^T^l|3 s. m. Childhood. 

B ALAS ctM'H '• ^- Pleasure, delight ; 
enjoyment ; amorous pleasure. 

BALAIUJA l|^l@<^T V. a. To amuse, 
to divert, to entertain. 

BALAUB If^d <»• Corrupted from the 
Persian word JBillaur. Crystal. 

BALAYYAN^?55n ) s. /. (pi of 
BALAYTAN ig;j5niff J BaW.; Calamities 

BALCHH A5 •qrjjgg s. f. The name 
of a medicine or perfume. 

BALCHHf ^T55^ ,. /. (P.) A small 

brush, a brush for whitewashing : a small 
brush of hogs' bristles, used by jewellerii 
and goldsmiths. 


s, w*» 



(M.) To set fire to, to bum i—Jok ha^de 
lakaridnShaHkenbdleidnde. People bum 

BALD ^125^ 



8. m. A bull, an ox. 

s. m. \ 

A herd oi 

a? ' ' ■' 


i 86 ) 


BALBDf «t^t^. «. m. Oae who hei-ds 


BALEBA ^^(jl a. Much, many, 
long (time) ; — ad. Enough. 

BALEWA lido 4^ *• *»• Cteods and 

chatties ; furniture ; baggage ; arma- 
menta; i. q. Valewd. 

BALQAM ^AdlM '- f' Phlegm. 

BALGAMf 44^61)11 a. Subject to 

phlegm, liable to cough ; feeble, delicate, 

BALGA^J ^Mdl^ 1 «. /. The wall, 

with which a piece of g^uad ia enclosed ; 
t. q, Valgan^ Valgun, 

BALHAB ^ftOld T.a. Sacrificed, 
BALHARf tIJftd'JI J devoted, (to the 
interests of any one) ; c. w. jdnd. 

BALHf ctCOlJi '• ^* C^') ^ small 
meadow or field, or aide of a stream. 

BALH^rA Ha&A ' *. m. 1 A kind of 
BALHljrf tj^^ 8. /. J earthen pot 

with a wide mouth. 
BALHRf HiSS '• «»• (^') See *«^*- 

BALI ^B[iS§t *• Strong, powerful ;— 

s, f. Sacrifice ; a pole, a setting pole :— 
idli mdrni, v. a. To use setting poles -, 
t. q. Volt, 

BALIHAB l|0^O>d «. Sacrificed;— 
tn^*. Well done! t. q. Balhdr, 

BALIHARA^JT ^iRfeOIdd ». «' A 

pole stretched horizontally to support a 
weaver's loom; a similar pole used ti> 
hang clothes on, &c. 

BALIHARf Hi^l/lcft a. Sacrificed : «- 

balihdn jdiklj v, n. To be sacrificed, to 
he devoted. 

ccnj, Cortrupf- 
ed from the 


BALKAN ^^e(<b 

Persian word Jcdke. But, even, nay. 

BALKA ^fT^SSn <. m. A disciple or 

pupil, a young follower (of a faqir), 
a follower ) a little boy. t. q, BaUuc^ 

BALKAR il^Jbofld «. m. Strength, 
power, pride, conceit, vanity. 

bAlkatArA C|id4o{<;'di *. fw A 

species of swallow. 

BALKE JOS^ coni, (P,) See Balk, 

BALKHf 199S;%j| «./. The fringe at th<; 
end of a piece of cloth. 

SALKr ^HTSoft s. /. A female dis. 

ciple of a/a^tV; the wife of a Bdlkdim 
little girl. 

BALL ^^ s. /. The leather thon^ 

used in drawing a mhdggd (drag over 
ploughed ground) ; used also in plough- 
mg and carriage \^ad. To one side \ i^ q- 

BALLA <|<oi «. w. A bat. 


( 87 ) 


J - 

BALLA <|l(ni s. m, A foar*8ided piece 

oi timber, a rafter ; also tbe lifting of 
the niugdar^ (dumbbell) as exercise. 

HALLAI T^^ infj. Bravo! 

BALL AM 9?5h '• /• A spear:-— fca^iaw 

harddr^ s. m. A spearman: — balam 
harddriy s. f. The business of a spear- 

HALLE 'E^ infj\ Bi-avo ! well done ! 

BALLU '9?5 ». m. Ability, skill, dexter- 
'^jy acquisition. 

BALM A m^i^ 8. m. A lover, a husband, 
V. q, Bdlam. 

BAL^A Hihit^ «• ^* "fo be kindled, 

to bam, to blaze ; to surround, to go 
around so aa to get ahead of one ; to 
twist ; i. q. Valna. 

hKhSk WSSS^ V' <^' "^o canse. to 

bum, to kindle, to cause to crack, to 
breiUc partifklly; to crack, (spoken of 
giass^ earthenware, Ac.,) i—^puld hdhd^ 
If, a. {Hi, to bum a. heap of grain) to do 
a vicious act, to perpetaite a crime ; to 
taint one*s/ character. 

BALOCH ^JG59 ^* .^* '^^^ name of a 

race of men in Sind, Bahawalpur; a 

BALOCHNf ^ER§^^ #. /. A female 

BALOKNA 4^c(<S* «. w. A boy's 

pigment-stand (used by school boys in 
writing on their wooden tablets.) 

BlL^f UlihS «•/ -Agwl, a daughter. 

BALRf 'SlSi'S \^ «*• CK) A small 
BALRtJ ^^^ j meadow or field, or 

side of a stream. 

B^TF ^l^^cH ^- /. A wooden vessel 

used for watering cattle ; ^Iso used by 
apothecaries ; a bucket. 

BALTOH ^?5^ 1 a i«. A large 

BALTOHA Urt^O ' J ^"^» cooking 

vessel of from one to two maunds' 
capacity ; *. q, Valfoh, Valfohd. 

BALTOqf mh^%Si'»f' A small brass 

cooking vessel ; t. q. VatfohL - 

BALtj <fic> «. w. A bugbear, an evil 

spirit; an imaginary demon (used to 
frighten little children); sand: — hii^ 
sdht^ s. f. A kind 6i sweetmeat. 

BALtfCHHf H^S «• /• A small 

brush made of hogs* bristles, nse^ by 

BALITNA ^^^I s, /. (Pot J A whirl, 

BALIJnDHAR m^HT? #• m. The 

scratching of a cat ; the marks of its 
claws ; c. to. mdrnd, satfudi ^tt!S^i t. 9. 

BAL171?DHAENA li^^tld^l V. a. To 
scratch ; i, q. Talundhamd^ 

^. I . I 


( 88 ) 



BALITNGA ^<gdl' s. m. 

BALirisrGf yttdft s. f. 
BALiri?GRA ^g^gra^ s. m. 

BALITNG^f ti<5dlr(l *• /• 

A kit. 


BALttB ^75B «• w»-i /• -^ child ; a 


BAM ^H «• /• (-^O ^ medium musi- 
cal tone ; a line for measuring the depth 
of water ; a shaft of a carriage ; a mum- 
bling sound made by the worshippers of 
tShtvd supposed to be pleasing to him, 
ad ham hholi Mahddeo! ham ! ham ! 

BAM TPH 8. /. A medium musical 
tone ; a kind of fish. 



from the Arabic word Bemdlak Depriv- 
ed of one's proprietary rights, excluded 
from one's possessions or property ; with- 
out an owner. 

BAMA^ ^gWS *• ^ See BoWii. 

BAMAR ^TH^ *• Corrupted from the 

Persian word Bimdr. Ailing, ill ; unwell, 

BAmAREJANA 13^l9t{ldl v. n. 

To have a return of a fit of lunacy, to 
Ife mad ; to be devoid of intellect ; to be 
out of one's wits. 

BAMArI ^>r^ 8. m. Corruption of 

the Persian word Bxmdri. Illness, 
tlisoase, disorder, complaint, indisposi- 
tion, sickiiesH. 

BAMB 1§^ "1 8. m. The spout of a 
IMkMBk'^gfm .r fountain; a jet ; a 

hollow bamboo or pipe for conveying 

water; — a. Belonging to a jet or 



8. m. A fringe. 

o. Much, plentiful, 

BAMBf HA 7|^r 8. m. The name of 
a small bird ; L q, Bahihd, Bajrd, Bijrd^ 

B AMBtjL ^^39 «, m. Corrupted from 
the Hindi word Bahul. See Babul 

BAMHAN "^^ifS *• ^- Corrupted from 

the Sanskrit word Brahman. See Bdhman^ 

BAMHANAtJ ^SPJ^P^ «. m,,/. Brahman- 

BAMHANETA ^W^ #. m. A Brah- 
man's son. 

BAMHANBTf ^V^^ «. /. A Brahman's 

daughter, wife ; i. q. Bdhmani^ Borah- 

BAMHANf l^rnj^ 8. f. A iemale 

Brahman ; a stye on the eyelid \ a species 
of lizard ; i, q, Bdhmani, 

BAMM ^Tlf « ^- See Bam, 


8. m. A wilderness, a forest : 

—hanhandstt ; 8. /. Wild fruit, a pro- 
duction of the forest :^—hanbajtr, s, m. 
A person who has chaiw of a forest 
within a district : — hanhasy hanwas^ 8. w. 
Living in the wilderness, undertaking 
to live in a desert ; the condition or state 
of living in the wilderness: — hanhdsi^ 
hajw)&8iy bdnhdsanj bamjcd8an, 8. m., f. A 
hermit : — banrndhfiu^ hcmmdnas, 8, m. A 


( 89 ) 


wild man : — bcmpasuy 8. m. A wild beast : 
— bcmrdjdi s. m. The king of the forest ; 
a lion. 

BA^ ^rS *' ^« Coarse twine made of 

muttfy bdgaf ; an arrow ; a rooket nsed 
in battle, a species of dog ; the name 
of a hill tree ; (Inercus incanaj ranciditjr 
of ghee, maggots <in ghee) ; — e. /. Tem. 
per, qaalitj, habit, manners ; loss, dis- 
advantage :—bdn pat jdni or patmt^ v. n. 
To contract a habit :--&in lo^g^^ t;. n. 
To lose. 

BAN^ *./. A well or reservoir, with 

steps leading down to the water : — hdn 
ban hamdy v. a. To publish a secret, tb 
speak openlj ; to chatter, to cry. 

vegetable kingdom. 

BANAT ir?53 "I ». /. Combmation, 
BAUNAT TP^ I oonfederacj, Mend- 
BAJJAT ^^53 J ■''^P» P«*oe, treat- 
ment, interconrse; c. «r. ha^at ImtUhaii. 

BANAT 92^ *. /. Corrupted from 

the Hindi word Bdndt Woollen doth, 

BANAt! d^l^ a. Corruption of the 

Hindi word BdndtL Made of woollen 
cloth or broadcloth : — bandti juttty s. f. 
Shoes partly made of bxx>adcloth. 

SANA ^ST*.m. (if.) The cultivation P^^ ^^J^f *. w. The make, shape. 

of one independent cultivator; as a 
whole, a share in a well ; (figuratively) 
an imperative of v. a. Bandund: — band 
bandidy part, a. Ready-made, finished, 
complete, entire, perfect. 

BANA <|»<5i «. m. Profession, business, 

. employment, calling. yocatioB ; dress (used 
by the Sikhs generally) ; the woof in 

BAnA ^jl^i 8, m. Appamtus ; furniture, 

instruments, implements ; arrangements ; 
— bdnd bannhnd, v. a. To get ready all 
the necessary material and implements 
to build a house ; to marry. 

BANAFSHA i|/>^til 8. m. The violet. 

(Viola odorata) : — banafshe dd phuUy 8. m. 
A violet. 

or form (a person or thing), decoration, 
embellishment, adornment. 

BANATJT ^/>|Q^ *./. Corrupted from 

the Hindi word Bandvaf. Make, manu* 
faoture, contrivance, invention; affecta- 
tion, sham. 

BANAR <tA^^ 8, m. (K.) A thick piece 
of oak wood. 

BANASPAT 4AMtl3 1 *. /. Cor- 
BANASPATf ^SJW^J ruption 

of the Hindi word BandspaU, Forest 
leaves and blossoms, wild fruit; the 

BANCHAR ^CtJO »• ^-i /• ^ animal 

that wanders or feeds in the wilderness ; 
(applied chiefly to monkies, but also 
to the bear and other wild animals.) 

BA^CHARYA <4dt)dM> «. w. Au 

animal that roams in the wilderness. 

BAISID 1^^ 8. m. A fastening, knot, bond, 

bondage, a string; embankment; stop, 
page, hindrance, obstacle ; custody, im- 
prisonment; dexterity; a trick in wrest- 
ling ; a scrap or slip of paper : — baitd 
band, 8. m. Every joint, every inch : — 
band band pharejdmi or juf jdndy v. ». To 
have pain in all one's joints (as in 
rheumatism), to be seized with pain in 
the joints : — band band a^d ^o^rndy v, a. 
To disjoint, to separate inch by inch ; — 
a. Closed, shut, fastened, stopped ; still, 
stagnant ; suffocated, silent ; put out of 
caste, excommunicated : — uhdd huqqd pdm 
band hat. His smoking or drinking with 


( 90 y 



others has been intordicted, i. e. he is 
excluded from all social fellowship ; 
ostracised: — hand haijdf s. m. Cholei*aic 
diarrhoea ; c. w, karnd, hojid. 


s. m. Rice, ddl, &c., nnhnsk. 


s. m. The buttocks. 

ed ; the lamps which remain in pounding 
spices, medicines, &c. to be pounded 
again ; a kind of mixed food which 
is given to cows and female buffaloes to 
increase their milk ;, — «. /. Division, dis- 
tribution, a poHion of a field: — band 
chhaddndj v. a. To distribute; i. q. 

BAND 'SP^ s. /- Corruption of Band. 

BAND 'SPS *• /• Loss, disadvantage. 

B ANDAUNA ^tflQd' »?• tt- To eansc t4> 

be taken hold of (one's feet) in token of 
profound respect, to oblige one to take 
hold of (one's feet.) 

B ANDAUNA XI glQil v. a. To 



s, m. Corruption of the 

Persian word Bandah. A human being ; 
a man ; a slave, a servant ; a term ex- 
pressing self-abasement (used in address- 
ing a superior) ; name of the Batragi 
disciple or the military chi^f of the Sikhs 
after their tenth Gum. 


a. Bow-legged, having 

crooked legs or hands, 

BANDA IJIti' * Separate, aside :— 

bdndd rahind, v. n. To remain aloof, not 
to interfere. 

BAND AG A ^tidl' «• ^- Compliments, 

BANDAGf ^^^ s.f. Service, wor- 
ship, devotion, compliments. 

BANDAR t|itI6) 9. m. Corrupted from 

BANDAR ^^3 ) the Sanskrit word 

Bdnar. A monkey, an ape ; (met. J a fool. 

BAliTDARf ^>t;^) 8. f, A female 
BANDARf l5^^ ) monkey. 

to be divided or distributed; i. q, 

BANDA WA ^ggn^T s. m. One who is 

employed to superintend the division of 
a zvminddrs gain, and to assign the por- 
tion due to the landlord. 

BANDBAST (itf^i^d *• ^*- Corrupted 

from the Persian word Bandobast. Settle- 
ment, land revenue settlement; regulation, 
aia*angement, economy, management. 

BANDDHA W^ «• w. ^ sti-anger, a 

foreigner ; sojourner, one who is in » 
foreign country ; — a Strange, foreign :^— 
bdnddhejdndj v. n. To go abroad; i,q. 

BAIS^DH ^rq tf. /. A prohibitiojj, 

embargo laid on ; a verbal agreement or 
promise to do a thing within a certaim 
period; rate, price fixed in some 

BANDHA IJXP s, w. An articl«u 

BANDHA 111141 8. w. An article sefc 

apart as a pledge for the payment of a 
sum of money ; a portion of property de- 
voted to religious or charitable purposes, 
for the recovery of a person from 
sickness ; a piece of red thread put round 
the neck as a memento for the fulfilment 
of a vow ; anything forbidden to be sold 
publicly; anything entrusted to onej 
person, and which others are prohibited 
from selling. 


( 91 ) 


HAljIDHAK ^i|o() 8. m. Corrupted 

iJ ADHAK ^TJoT ) ^^0°^ *^^® Sanskrit 

-word Bandhaka or Vadhaka. A bird- 
catcher, a fowler ; a murderer. 

BANDHAN ^XT5 «• ^- J'astening, a 

bandage; bondage, obstacle, hindrance, 
- practice, daily observance, 

BAISIDHAP l^TW *• •*• Corruption 

of the Sanskrit word Bandhava, A 

BANDHEJ ;^I}f| «. m. (JI.) Parsimony; a 

medicine taken to prolong pleasure in 
carnal intercourse ; a mode of tying on 
a pagri ; the act of tying a cord at in- 
tervals on a roll of cloth, as practiced 
by dyers, before it is put into the 
dye, to prevent the colouring of the 
parts which are bound ; permanency, 
stability; order, arrangement; a stipu- 
lated sun given to certain faqirs at 
weddings to prevent them from giving 

BANDHEjr ^QtO o. Dyed with white 

•pots, or spaces made by knotting or 
tying before coloring, (cloth, Ac.) ; one 
who follows certain rules in diet, Ac. 

BANDHNlf ^njS «' w. See Bdnhnanu., 
BANDHtJA 1S5W *• ^' ^ prisoner. 

BANDf 75^ «. /. f'em. of Bandd. A- 

person, an individual ; a woman ; a maid 
fiervanti a female slave ; a prisoner, a 
captive i-^andi khdnd, s. m. A prison ; 
--bandi man, handi wdn^ 8. ^^j /• A 
prisoner, a captive. 

BAND! ^it^ s, /. A maid servant, a 
female slave. 

B ANDI ^T^ s. f. A ' staff armed with 

iron rings at the lower pftrt :— a. So© 

B AI^IDNA ^tli' V. a. To take hold of 

(one^s feet) in token of profound respect ; 
— 8. /, Respect, salutation 

BANDNA ^g^^T 1'. <u To divide, to 


BANDOlA ^refeW s, m. {M.) . A 
species of snake. 

bandrA jjtifi' *. 

BAKDRf ^ti^ s 

See Bandd, 

BAISID^K Iftloi 8. /. . Corrupted from 

the Arabic word Banduq. A musket, 
rifle, a fowling-piece : — handuk hhamd^ v. 
a. To load a gun : — handuk chhaddnd 
or chaldnd, r. a. To discharge a gun, 
to tire, to shoot. 

BANDt5^KCHf ^ifWtfl 



8. m, A mun* 
keteer, a 

BANDt^KRA ^troCf^i s. m. A heavy 

gun, shorter than a musket, a blunder- 

BANDlTKRf Tg^S^ *. /. A gun 

shorter than a musket, but not so heavy 
as a Bandukrd, 

BANERA H^gr s, w. That part of 

a wall which is raised a foot or po above 
the level of the roof. 


B ANG ^31 «• /• An ornament worn on 

the wrists, made of glass or lac ^ 4 
bracelet ; a small curved arc used in 


( 9a ) 


m ftViTig an oil press ; a stannic prepara- 
tion taken internally as a tonic or aphro- 
disiac: — ghore n4n tang, mard nun bang. 
For a Horse a tight girth, for a man an 
aphrodisiac. — Prov. ; uq. Vang, 

Bk^Q W3i •• /"• T^® crowing of a 

cock; the voice of the Qiki calling 
Muhammadans to prayers :—bdng dena, 
V. m. To crow (a cock), to call to prayers. 

BAI^GGA I|ldn *-^'*- T'^® person who 
calls to prayer ; a large top. 

BAlSfGGALA ^gfer s.m. Bengal. 

BA^GQALAN i3bP?5S s. /. A Ben. 
galee woman ; a female snake charmer. 

BA^GGAlI ;$dl>^ *.in.,/.A native or 

-tibie language of Bengal ; a snake charm- 
wt—bhukhhd BanggdU, 8. m. (lit. a hun- 
gry Bi^igAloe*) A loafer i an aimless wan- 
derer. ' 

BAi^GGAB ^grgfg s. w. Land depend- 
ent on rainfall ; hard, barren soil; the 
name of a district including Kaithal, 
Jhind, &c, 

BAljrGQA^f M6\S ^Z- C^^) ^ *®™ 

used in the game of Ka/udi. One player, 
with arms folded close to his breast, 
presses the hand of the other player with 

BANGGARNA ^dPdA^ V' «• To be 

open and undisguised (in doing anything) 
. a. To challenge ; i. g, Vanggdmd. 

BANGG^?A ^dUt' 8, m. An ornament 

worn by women on the forehead; a string 
fastened round the neck of a vessel to 
serve as a handle. 

BAnGG^jTA ^rgfel «. o. To tar, to 

oil, to grease, (the wheels of . a cart or 
carritkge) ; (met) to cohabit, to have 
sexual intercourse ; t. q. ^^dnggmi. 

BANGGOijA ^HfS* V. a. To injure, to 
defame, to slander, to waste. 

BANGGBI ^^t^T^ s.f. A kind of bracelet 

worn by women;' (commonly used in 
the plural.) 

• v/ 

BAljrGGRir l|idlg s. m. a native of the 

Bdnggar Districts. (Vide Supra Bdng^ 

• v^ 

bAijggarnI ^rara^ ) 5./. A 

BAlJilGGBlANf ^raffeWJ^f ^»^i^« 
of Bdnggar. 

BAi^GG! nidrO «./. A small top. 

bAnggu igr^ 

summons others to prayers. 

BAI^GGULA ^dT^I «. m. A bungalow, 
an upper room. 

BA^?GGULf l^dUS^ s. f. A smaU 

BAlijIGGIH^A W3n5T «• w- An ornament 

worn by women on the forehead; a 
string attached to a cooking vessel to 
serve as a handle, and to vessels for 
drawing water from a well. 

BAlSIGGU^f ^dUO *' /. A kind of 

bracelet worn by women; a mode of 
wrestling ; e. to. pdtmd. 

BANGGU^f 4^5^) «./. A kind of hoe 
BAljIGGlJ^f ;§^^f used for hoeing 



( 93 ) 



fn. A thatched 

cottage, such as used to be occupied by 
Europeans ; a summer house ; i. q, Ba^g^ 


BANH ^T<J s. /. The arm ; (met J a 

protector, an assistant; a relation, a 
brother ; — (M.) A wife : — Jumerdf mulldn 
de ghar sJiddtydn; dil tang te bdkdn 
khtishadidn. On Tl^prsdays there is joy- 
in the mulldn' H house; his heart is 
niggard, but his arms are open (to 
receive offerings). — Prov. on the avarice 
of Tfiulldwi : — iindt hdnh luu gdi. His 
wife has eloped: — hdnh gahini or pharni^ 
V. a. To hold one's arms ; to protect : — 
hdnh hhajjnt or tnffnt, v. n. To have 
one's arms broken; to lose a friend or 
protector by death. 

BANHAf Hcb'^ '• /• Fastening, the 
cost of fastening (anything.) 

banhAn igrgr ,. /. pi of Bdnh ;— (if.) 

A male slave: — uh ummati te Say ad 
hdnhdn. Himself one of the common herd 
and he has a Sayad as his slave. — 

BANHAUNA ^R5T§3f V. a. To cause 
to be bound, fastened, shut. 

BANHIn 'SPlSf *. /. (If.) A female 

slave : — mdlikdntn di hdnh/n didh mAlikd- 
nin. The lady's slave girl gives herself 
the airs of a lady and a half. — Prov. on 
the insolence of servants. 

BANHNAN^ ^idAS ) *. m. Plan, 

BANHNtJ ig[hj?5 ) P^°*' counsel, 

arrangement, disposal, adjustment; tying 
(oloth) before dyeing, to produce varie- 
gation ; a small cord used for tying up a 
coiled rope. 

BAN! <|i^l s.f. Word, speech, language, 

the devotional service of the Sikhs ; a 
sacred utterance (usually metrical) of a 
holy man, such as Kabir or one of the 
Gurus :—bdntkdr, s, m., a. An architect, 
a composer, an author, a beginner ; in- 
telhgent, sagacious, acute ;^hdnikdri, 
»' /. Architecture, composition, skilful 
• workmanship; intelligence, sagacity 
acuteness. ' 

BANlABAfiTAlA :gfenfTg3Tfe>MT ,. 

Ready-made, finished, complete, entire, 

BANfT ^^Jte) a. Corruption of 
BANfTA gj^l the Persian word- 

Badniyat. Greedy, covetous, avaricious, 

[T ) #. m. 

T J from 

the Hindi 

BANfYA ^» a1^i 
bAnIyAn ^^t?^ 

word Banyd. A caste among Hindus ; a 
Hindu shopkeeper, a grain-dealer; 
(Ironic) a miser ; a timid person, a 

baniyAin ^QsM ' feA \».f. A wife, 

BANIYAW ^fe^TT^ J daughter or 
sister of a Bdmyd. 

BANJ M^ti s, m. Traffic, trade : • 
merchandize ; i, q. Vanj. 

BANJArA ^'STRPs.m. A trader, 

a special caste ; an expoi-ter or carrier of 
grain ; a street-seller of ear-trinkets and 
brass i-ings ; i, q. Vanjdrd. 

BANJARf g^fp^ 

Banjdrdy a female of the Banjdrd caste • 
i. q Yanjdran, Vanjdrl 

) *. /. Th< 
J wife of 



( 94 ) 


(time, life); i. q. Vanjdund, 

BAI4JH ^§5^ a. Barren (a woman) ; 
— 8. m. A bamboo ; i. q» Vanjh, 

BANJHULf ^AtjJi(] \ fife; « pipe made 
of bamboo ; i. q, Vanjhli. 


To pat out of caste 

BANJRr ^t^ *./. (3f.)Land irrigat- 
ed by canal water alone. 

BANK TgtoT^./. An ankle ornament worn 

by women, commonly made of silver ; a 
bracelet made of silver or gold; a wooden 
dagger used in fencing; a lai^e vessel for 
oil or ghee, made of skin :—hdnkpatd, s. m. 
Fencing with wooden daggers ; dagger 

BAIJIKA ijio(T a. Crooked, of crooked 

disposition, dissolntc, licentions ;— *. /. 
A debauchee, a beau, a fop. 

answer (a purpose); to be, to become, 
to be of use; to be counterfeit; to 
succeed, to prosper (work) : — bannd 
fhannd, v. n. To be adorned or 
prepared; well-dressed. 

BANNAOr il<Sd(t ». /. A specimen ; 
i. q, VannagL 

BANNDUA HA'tfW 9. /. The cere- 

mony of swingitfjg a young child over a 
heap of mud on the 12th of the let 
pakh of BhadoHy (practised by Hindu 

BANNH (|A *. m. Corrupted from the 

Persian word Band, and Sanskrit Bandh, 
Binding, fastening, stoppage, costive- 
ness ; an embankment thrown up to 
prevent an inundation ; a dam, a dyke ; 
obstruction, interruption ; a stoppage of 
the excrementary or urinary passage, 
a lock (on a canal) : — harmh mdmd, 
IdunA, V, n. To make a dyke, to intercept, 
to set a boundary. 

BANNHA^ ^S?rS f wt. A tie, a liga- 

ture, a cord with which anything is 
tied ; a bond of union. 

bAijkpu^vtA ^Tory^T 

) *. w. C 
j edness ; 


pishness, debauchery; disorderly con- 

BANNA ^3^ s, m. A boundary, a 

border, a side, a limit ; a bridegroom :— 
hanni channd, 5. la. A boundary, 
a border, a limit ; earth thrown up into 
a ridge to form a boundary. 

BAISINA ^eA' »• ^- To be made, 
to be prepared ; to agree, to chime ; to 

BANNH^rA IJ^^I V. a. Corrupted 

from the Hindi word Bdndhnd, To bind, 
to tie, to fasten, to put together, to 
construct, to make ; to shut, to stop : — 
samd hannhndy v. a. To make a good 
scene or pictui*e ; to produce harmony. 

BANNt ^aI" »• /• A bride; ar red 

earth used by potters for colouring 
vessels ; woollen yarn dyed yellow with 
the flowers of the phuldht ; a ridge of 
earth made by children in a play called 
Kuhadd{\—(M.) High -lying tract« of 
land infringing the Kur or old Indus 
bank ; another name for a band. 

BANNO ^^ .*. /* A bridge, a lady 


( »5 ) 


(an expression of endearmeAt) ; a name 

BANNWAn TSR^ s, w. The upper 
part of a shoe. 

(a sister's hnsband.) 

A brother-in-law, 


banautA :gj§gT 

commission agent. 

8, m. One who 
does business on 
commission, a 

BANRA TS7^ *. m. A bridegroom; 
t. g. Banna, 

BANRf 4<S^ »• /• A bride; t. y. 

BANSA^jf <t<^He ) a. Of a particular 
BANSl ^S^ft ) sect, race, or family 

(used in comp. as Kahtr hansi^ a descend- 
ant or disciple of Kahir). 

BANSr ^Tjft 8, /. A bamboo used for 

balancing a doli ; a slender reed of 
which huqqa stems are made. It 
is also used by weayers and artificial 

BAi^ISLA ^fj|35f 8, m. A small silver 

vessel for tilky (marks made on the 
forehead) used at weddings. 

^ flate; 




m. Offspring, a de- 
scendant, genealogy, 

pedigree, stock ; race, linCf lineage, house, 
family: — bans lochan^ 8. m, A white 
flinty substance found in the joints of 
bamboos (also called tahdshir) ; u q. 

BANS 'SPT{ «. ^« A bamboo, a rod :— 

bans ie charhdund, v. a. lit. To stick or 
raise up on a bamboo ; (met.) to hold up 
to ridicule, infamy, to disgrace : — hdiu te 
charhnd^ t?. n, lU. To climb up on a 
bamboo; (met.) to be held up to ridicule 
or infamy, to get a bad name, to be 
notorious, to be branded with infamy : — 
hdns phor, tor, s. m. The name of a 
caste who work in bamboos. 

ANSA ^TJJT 8. m. The name of a 

medicinal plant, from the leaves of 
which a red dye is extracted. 

BAljISLf H^i\i& 

BAijisuLf ^[igjft 

money-bag; *. q. Vdn8U, 

bAi^srI H^hS 

BAlJSURf tfinJI 

A fife, a 
a purse, a 

A kind of 
or flute. 

) *. /. Com« 
1 bination, 


ba^t-banA q^-jti^ i 

preparation, confederacy, friendship, 
peace, treatment, intercourse ; t. q. 

BAISIUR ^7^9 «. /. A net for catch- 
ing wild animals ; t. q. Bdur. 

BANURA HlQd' *• /•> ^- A fool ;— a. 
Mad, insane ; t. q. Bdurd. 

BANWAf HA^<>n s. /. The cost of 
making anything. 

BAIJWARA ^T^gr a. See Bdnurd. 


( 96 ) 


BANWARf tJA^'J) *. w. An epithet 
applied to Krishna. 

BANWAUNA iJAs^lQcS;! v, a. To have 
made, prepared, mended, or adjusted. 

BA^WAYYA ^S^5n *. m. A manu- 

BANWEN yr^$' 8. m. Ninety-two. 


bAnyAisi hl \ ^U\l 

T J the Hi 

A caste among 
Hindus, a gi*ain 

seller ; (ironic) a miser; a niggard ; a 
timid person ; i, q. Bdmyd. 

BANYAIN t|A*d>fi;A ) «./." A female 
BANYANf ^A(H'<^ ) o^ *^e ^^^^y<i 
caste ; i. q. Bamydin^ haniydni. 

BAP ^Rf s. m. Father. 

bAparnA ^gnf3^ 
bApnA ^ujst 

/ t?. a. 
^ pen, to 

To hap- 

BAPPU W^' b. m. 
times O father!) 

Father (some- 

BAR ^gf 8. m. Width (of cloth) ; a bless- 

inpr, a happy dispensa^.ion of Pro- 
vidence ; a disease which is characterised 
by staggering : a bride-groom -.-^har jog^ 
bar pardpat, a. Man-iageable (a girl), 
arrived at puberty :—har dend, v, a. To 
bless ; to give in marriage i^har michnd, 
V. a. To compete or cope with j i. q. 

S^5 ^3 *. w», /. The banyan tree, 
(Ficus Indica)y the Bengal fig. 

BAR ^Tg 8. m. A door ; the month of a 

vessel, a layer of clay, brick, or stone in 
a wall; a turn; a stroke, a blow; 
food for cattle, as grain or oil cake ;~ 
8. /. Time, occasion; a dirge snug 
for those slain in battle ; a song of pra ise ; 
a barren country, a jungle, the name of 
the woody country west of Lahore ; — s. f. 
(M.) Corrupted from the Persian word 
Ambdr, A store, a heap, a heap of com 
on a threshing-floor : — bar chdwan^ t?. a. 
To divide and remove the heaps of 
com on a threshing-floor: — hdr chdwan te 
kidmat dwaai. To divide the heaps of 

com is as bad as the judgment day. 

Prov. creditors, relations, servant*, 
religous mendicants, and everybody 
with any claim whatever, come to see 
what they can get when a crop is being 
divided; i, q, Vdr. 

^-^9 W3 s. f. Edge, margin, a fence, a 

hedge ; a line (of soldiers) :—hdr jhdrnt 
V. a. To fire a volley, to fire' by plaJ 
toons \—{Fot,) A cotton plant ; t. q, Vdr. 

BA^A TEp^ 8. m. A sheepfold, an en- 
closure ; a kind of fortification, a breast- 
work ; ground on which melons 
Ac., are planted; a district near 
Peshawar famous for its rice, hence the 

name of ^ rice grown in that place : 

hard dend, v. a. To distribute money 
among beggars and Bi*ahmans formed 
in a circle, at weddings ; — a. (M.) 
Brackish (used of water, also of waste 
salt soil), a good example of Bdrd water 
is that found in the Sindh Sagar 'Ihal: 
^khuh hard jamtn dd ujdrd. When the 
well water is brackish the fertility of 
the land is destroyed.— Prov ; i, q. Vara, 


(made by frying) ; 
noble, high ; t. g. Vard. 

s, m. A preparation of ddl 

Great, big > 


( 97 ) 


BABA ^^ 8. m. Suspicion, charge, 

calumny, false accusation : — hard hhuddij 
ad. Corrupted from Brae Khudde, ad. For 
God's sake :—hard hait^ a. Forgotten, 
worthy of no consideration ; c. w. dend, 

BABA TEP^ a. Equal, as dasdn ierdn dd 

hardy equal to ten seers : — hdre dundy v, a. 
To be equal, to be a match for; — 
x. m. A leather bucket ; time, ages ; a 
cupping instrument, an instrument for 
drawing wine ; quantity; work, business ; 
end, at the point of death : — a^gle hdre 
Jioke hctchchna, v. n. To be cured when 
at the point of death : — a^ale hdre vichch^ 
ad. In former ages : — hard pafnd, v. a. 
To accomplish a work : — hdrd Idund, v. a. 
To di*aw (wire) ; to cup : — hdrd singgd, 
hdrd sangydy «. m. A st£^, antelope ; i, q, 

Equal (in 


BARABAR ildl^d )a. 
BARABBAR tjj^l'j ) 

quality) ; fitting ; exact ; even ; parallel ; 
straight, direct ; uniform, balance^ ; 
of the same age ; befitting, regular ; — 
s. m. An equal ; — ad. Regularly, 
constantly, always ; incessantly, precisely, 
approximately ; side by side, in a line ; 
«. 1^. karndy hond. 

Sanskrit word Vairdgu. Freedom from 
passion or worldly attachments ; renun- 
ciation of worldly pleasures, seclusion 
from the world; devotion, austerity, 
penance : — bardg laim, v. n. To renounce 
th^ pleasures of the world ; to lead the 
life of an ascetic. 

BARAGAN ^grgj^ ,. /. corrupted 

from the Sanskrit word Vairdgan. A 

female of the Birdgi class ; a BirdgVs 

staff or crutch, a small crooked stick 

having two ear-like projections on the 

BARAGH '^i^pUi s. m. (K.) A leopard, 
a panther. 

BARAg£ {fd'oO'. w. Corrupted from 

the Sanskrit word Vairdgi. One who has 
subdued his worldly passions and retired 
from the world ; an ascetic or recluse ; 
a class of faqirs who are under a vow to 
abstain from flesh and wine. 

BARAH ^raU «.t». Twelve villages ; 
{M.) Bitter. 

BARABAR! ^cJI^cH ) f. /. EquaHty, 
BARABBARf tjd^^ \ evenness, 
•ompetition ; t. q. Kamd. 

BARABBU ^gg" #. m. (K^ A grisly 

BARACHHAn ^grgT ,. /. pi The 
comer of the mouth. 

BARADRr yd'tjdT '. /. Brotherhood, 

men of the same caste ; kinsfolk, frater- 
nity, community, society. 

BARAG ^grgr $. m. Corruption of the 


f. m. 


from the Sanskrit word Brahma. The 
Supreme Being ; the all-pervading, th© 
self-existent, the absolute; the divine 
cause and essence of the world, from 
which all things are supposed to proceed, 
and to which they return : — harahm hhoj, 
s. m. Feeding of Brahmans : — harahm 
chart, 8. m. A religioQs student ; a 
Brahman from the time of his investi- 
ture with the Brahmanical thread till 
he becomes a householder; one who 
studies the Vedas under a spiritual 
teacher; an ascetic, a class of I^indu 
Sadhtis : — harahm 4^nd%, s. f. A medi. 
cine: — harahm gaydn, s. m. Spiritual 
wisdom, divine knowledge, theology : — 
harahm gaydnt, s. m. One versed in 
divine knowledge:— 6ara^m hatyd, s. f. 
The murdering of a Brahman : — harahm 
loky $. m. The world of Brahma, the 
heavenly region. 



( 98 ) 


BARAHMA ^UUIP s, m. Barahm 

in the character of the Creator ; first of 
the Hindu triad. 

BARAHMAN UdOHS *• w. Corrupt- 
ed from the Sanskrit word Brahman, 
The highest caste amongst Hindus ; a 
Hindu priest, one of the sacerdotal caste. 

BARAHMAND t^dOl Tg s. m. The 
globg, the world, the universe. 

BARAHMANf ^UUH^ «. /. The 

wife of a Brahman ; a female of the 
Brahman caste. 

BARAJMAN ild^HH^ a. Presid- 
ing ; shining ; present. 

BARAJ^JA ^d'tld' V. n. Corrupt. 

ed from the Hindi word Birdjnd. To 
grace, to sit majestically; to preside; 
to enjoy one's self, to be in health, 
to secure independence, to live, dwell; 
%, q, Birajna, 

BARAK ildoC 8. f. ) Corrupted from 
BARKA ^gofT JJ. m. ) the Persian 

word Varq, A leaf of a book, a leaf of 
paper; gold or silver leaf ; i. 3. Vark, 

BARAKKf iJdoft s. f. An Afghan 

BARAKNA ^goTST V. n. To be 

well coated or glazed (e. j^. with sugar,) 
to come out smooth and white (spoken 
of cakes and other confectionery) ; to be 
very clean and pure (refined sugar) ; 
i. q. Varaknd, 

BARAL ^^35 s. m. Intoxication, 

insanity, madness ; shamelessness ; c. w, 

BAR AM ^STUW *• »*• A wound in the 
heart ; sorrow ; L q, Varam, 

bArambAr ti i dti ' d 


ad. Often. 

BARMH '^^ 8. m. See Barahm. 

BARAK <40<S »• »^- A caste {xised 

,of the four Hindu castes) ; colour; dress ; 
way, manner ; a letter of an alphabet :— 
haran shankar, s. m. A man who does 
not scruple to eat with one of a difEerent 

BArAn ^grgr s, »». Corrupted from the 

Hindi word Bdrah. Twelve : — bdrdm 
dart, s. f. A house having twelve doors, 
a summer house : — hdrdn singgd^ s, r/*, 
A stag, an antelope i^hdrdn tdld, a. 
Very deceitful, utterly untrustworthy, 
knavish : — hdrdn patthar, s, m. The bounds 
of a cantonment. 

BARAi^DA <4diS> 8, m. Corruption of 

the Persian word Bardmdah, A veran- 

BARANjf ^gtft a, /. A small nail, 
a tack. 

bAranmbAr gr^jrarg ad. «;• 



s. m. Vain talk, 

prating, false boasting, (c. w, kamd^ 
mdrnd) ; the name of a low caste much 
given to begging and roguery, a person 
belonging to that caste. 

BARA? ijdlr^ 8, m. The name of 

a caste of Jots around Bhafhindd ; — 
hardr bans, s. m., /. A person belonging 
to, or descended from, the Bardf caste : — 
Bardfdn dd meld^s, m* A special fair 


( 99 ) 


held in spring : — Bardf hanas sarnior^ 
«. m. The title of H. H. the Baja of 

BAR A rI ^dRl a- Given to vain 
talking", of doubtful veracity. 

IVARAS ^cJH s. m. A year: — Ixpras 

gandky s, f. A birthday (lit. a yearly 
knot, from the practice of tying a knot 
on a string every recurriiig birthday, as 
a record of one's age). 

BARASIS^A (|dJ4d> V. n. To rain; 
i. q, Vassnd, Varhnd. 

BARAST^Hf ggimft *. /. The clothes 

given to the bride by the bridegroom's 
father on the day of the wedding ; i. q, 

BARAT ^gn s. wt. A fast, fasting ; 

customL ; practice : — harat sarat, «. m. A 
division, portion ; intercourse, mutual 
commiviications or dealings ; use, usage, 
business, treatment. 

To prate, to talk to no purpose. 

BA5BA?rri tisJ^gfllH' > s. m. One 
BA9BA5YA t)-jt|gjl#i' ) w^o prates 
or talks idly, a babbler. 

BA5BILLA ^ « rfft|<!^ i 

wild cat; I g. BdharUlld. 


BARAT ddl^ *. A Part, lot, share ; 
a bridegroom's wedding party. 

BARATf H^y^ i: «. One of a wed- 
ding party. 

BARiUNA ^d ' gS » «. a. To amnse, 
to divert, to entertain (generally young 

to talk incoherently in one's sleep. 
BARBAD ^g-gr^a. Wastod, thrown 
77' ^^^f' '"?** "^'^ed; plundered ; 

BAItBOL <«Sq?5,. m. | A 

BA9B0LA ga^t55» ,. «. Y per- 

BA5B0Lf g=rt3^ '• f. J son 

of lofty speech, a proud and disdainful 
talker, a talkative person, a chatterbox. 

BARCHHA ^oS' «• w- a long spear. 

BABCHHf ^g^ ,. /. A , spear 

shorter and more slender than the 
Barchlid : — harchhi mdr^ 8, m. A spear- 

BARDA :ggp5T s, m., /. a slave. 

B ARDf Mxif^ $. /. A female slave ; 
a uniform. 


BAREHr ;g%jf| ,. /. Land lying 
fallow for a whole year. 

BARBMAljI g#wf ) ,. „. Cotton 
BAl^EWA^ g^T ) seed ; t. q. Vareicdn. 

baretA gt3T,. «) 

"^^i^ »• /•) bank. 


A sand- 


"«' ^^^« mainly; e. v,. kamd. 

} i.m. 

Mutter. BARETHA ^§3? «. A washerman, 

BARETHA^r ^§33 a. A washerwoman. 


( 100 ) 


V. a. 

BARF Ifd^ *. /. Snow, ice. 

BARFAnI ifd^'i^n «• Cold as snow ; 
cooled with snow, snowy. 

BARFf H^S *• / ^ ^i^d o^ sweet- 

BARG ^Odl «• W' A. consonant ; a 

class of letters having' a guttural sound ; 
a class ; a piece of bread ; dress ; i. q. 

BARGA ^ddl' »• *»• ^ V^^^ ®* ^^^ 

inserted at the side of a crooked rafter 
to make it lie straight; the wooden 
support placed over the corpse on which 
the earth filled into a grave rests ;• 
Like; t. g. Vargd. 

BARGALAuerA ^ddlM>Q<&> 

Corrupted from the Persian word 
Targaldund. To inveigle, to persuade. 

BAIE^H '^P9 *• /• The edge of a sword, 

or knife ; the cord stretched between the 
two sets of spokes of a spinning wheel, 
forming a base for the band. 

BARHA ^dU" «• wi. A year ; %, q, Varhd. 

BARHAt6 lldO'Q «• liil^olj to rain, 
about to rain ; t. q. Farhdu, 

BARHAUIjiA iJdcl'Qd"' ^' a- To cause 
to rain ; to pour down ; i q, Tarhdund, 

BA^HBILLA ^'UftrTy' ♦. ♦»• A wild 
cat ; i. g. JBdharhiUd. 

BARHf Nf llddl^l '. /• See Barstni. 

BA^HKAlSrA ^ISoTET V. n. To roar 

(as a bull), to speak in a gruff, hoarse 

BARHlJ^J i|d<|£ *. /. Swelling (from 
a boil or other cause). 

BARf j^^ a. Acquitted, discharged ; 
c tD, hondj kamd, 

BARI ^iqI «. /. A window ; time, 

turn ; a cotton plant ; (in this 
sense used locally) ; a small earthen 
vessel used for sugarcane juice ; a 
vessel made of raw hide, used for oil 
or ghee ; a piece of wood between the 
Nisdr^ and on which the latter rests ; 
— s. m, {2f.) A JBdr camel. 

BArI <iI^ s. f. An enclosure, a 

garden, an orchard, a melon patch ; 
the pastoral charge of a Brahman or 
the circle of clients from whom he is 
entitled to fees; (met,) offspring; i. a. 

BARIAM ^RJOPK o. Bold, strong, 


brave ; ». g. Varidm. 

BA$I <4r(l ) «./. A preparation 

^A^iAlSir ^^t^ ) ^^ e^Ti^^ ^dl and 

ARlAmjA ^fevM'^S' «• *•• To be 

fulfilled (a desire), to be realised 
(an expectation), to receive its reward 
(a work). 

BARIKKA ^fdoT* «• -»»• The name 
of a low caste of Muhammadans. 

BARjAU^fA iidt4lGdl ^' <^ To 
cause to be forbidden ; t. g. Varjdund» 

BARKA i|do(* 8, m. A leaf of a 
book; a. g. Varhd. 


( 101 ) 



8» fn. 

ed from the Arabic word Barqanddz, 
A policeman, a constable, a village 

BARKAl^LDAjf ^do(er:"tfl 


) The 

duties of a policeman or a village 

BARKAlglf (|do(|0 9.f. A small piece 
of cloth. 

B ARKAT lldofrj *. /. Blessing ; good 

fortane, prosperity. It is used instead 
e£ the number one by shopkeepers, in 
counting, and by those who weigh out 
grain f6r wholesale dealers. 

BABKH A *3gfg>f €- /. Rftin i—harkhd 
ruit^ $, /. The rainy season ; i. q, Varkhd. 


i. q, Tarkhnd, 

V. n. To rain; 

BARMOR ^T^il? *. /. A kind of 
coarse woollen cloth with a long nap. 

BARNA IfcJA' *• w- The name of 

a fruit tree; a present of clothing 
or pearls sent to the bride before marriage 
by the family of the bridegroom. 

BARNA <|i^<^i v. a. To dedicate an arti- 
cle (usually money) by passing it round 
the head of a friend or relative in token 
of attachment and devotion to him, after 
which it is given away to the poor ; — 
8. m. Giving charity after the ceremoiiy 
described above ; i, g. Vdmd. 

BA^NA '^Iji^^r V, a. To cause to 
enter ; %,- q. Vdrnd. 

BA9NA ^Iftc^i V. n. To enter ; i q. 

BARNA^ 4dAd» «• w- Narration, 

a hearsal, description, explanation ; 
e, w, ka/md. 

BARLAT ^dM^^ '• /• Foolish talk, 



BARL , ^dM 9, m. Intoxication, insan- 
ity ; c. %o, Jdnd, 

'BARMA ^UW s. f. a gimlet; an 
auger, an awl ; i. q. Varmd. 

barmAu^jA ggW@<S? V- o- To 

bore ; ». g. Varmdund. 

BARMf ^gnaflft *. /. The hole of a 

snake ; an ant-hill ; a small gimlet or 
drill ; *. q, Varmi, 

^d) *. /. Provisions, food, 
SI ^^*l rations, supplies; — havif 

hardbhar^ ctd. Opposite, face to face. 

BAROBAR IJ^lId a- Even, equal. 
See Bardhar. 

BAROBARf ^3(f^ s. /. Evenness, 
equality. See Bardhari, 

BAROBArI tjId^'JI ) ad. In turn ; 
BAROB ATTf tJIdtTcn ) *• ^' Vdrovdrt, 

BAROTA <*d<:* *. m. ) A young Bar 
BAROTf tj^^ 8. /. ^ or banyan 

tree ; also the fruit of the tree. 


( 102 ) 


BAROTWAlA Jb)^:^^!^! «. f. (^0 

A partner. 

BARR ^ «• /• C^) A^disease peculiar 

to horses. 


8. m. Vain talk, one 

who speaks at random, and on whom 
reliance cannot be placed. 


s. m. (KJ 

A descriptive term applied to a big field 
in which there is a standing crop. 

BARRAL ^ra75 «. w. (^0 A beam 
on which the ceiling is supported. 

V. n. To talk 


incoherently in one's sleep ; to prate, 

BAR^lf 9drD <• /• A woman of the 
Bardr caste j a.woman who talks vainly. 

BARSAt^ Hd^lQ fl- Likely to rain, 
about to rain. 

BARSAUlSfA ^grnQ^E^ v. a. To cause 

to rain ; to bestow upon. 

BARSf$lf ^diUcSf) ^ /. A Muhamma- 

dan ceremony in which, after a year's 
interval, ofEerings are made in the name 
of the dead ; i, q, Varhtnu 

BARSNA ^^T^v.n, To rain. 

BART ^33 s, m. Fast -.—hartrndn, a. 

In use, in vogue, current, the present 
(time): — hartwdrd, s. m. Use, usage, 
custom, manner ; communication ; c. w. 


#. m. A y»ar. See Baras, 

BARTA <|^*Ji s. w. a small piece of 

wood with which astronomers and school 
I boys write on the grrouud. . 

BARTA t|id:$' «• /• A narration, a rela- 
tion, a tale ; eonversation : — bdrid Idk, 
or Idhh, 8. /. The advantages of con- 
versation : — kathd bdrtd, s. /. Sto^y 

BARSAJ??A HdHlH^I «* a- To beat:! 
with a shoe, to slap, to castigate. 

BARSAR 'ijdHd »• *»• Estimate, estima- 

jiQn . — a. Equal: — harsar dund, r. «. 
To compete or cope with. 

BARS At ^BW3 *•/• ^^^^^ the rainy 
season; the monsoon. 

BARSAtI ^Urn^ 8,f. A leaky house; 

the name of a disease in horses ; a water- 
proof ; — a. Belonging to the rainy season. 

] BARTA^ Ijddd «• ^- A vessel, veten- 

sil ; — 8, /. Use, business, treatment ; a 
woman who fasts. 

BARSAt6 ddJ^I^ a; Fit to be put on 

in the rains (clothing) ; produced in the 
rains (grass.) 

BARTArA 4dd'd* «• w. A share ;— 
o. Current ; t. q, Vartdrd, 

BARTf ^O:^ «• ^' OiiG who fasts. 

BARTNA ild^^l V. n. To deport one's 

self, to behave, to have dealirigs with ; 
i. q, Varind. 

BARTOljI l]dd «• /• Use, treatment, 

business, occurrence,* communication, 
friendly intercourse ; i. j. Varton, 


( 103 ) 


BAKU ^3 «• f^ BreftdUi, width (spoken 
of cloth) ; a bridegroom. 

BART& 'S(B *• ^' 

A kind of coarse 

BARt^T ^^ 

BARtJD ^gigtl 

Bdrud. Gunpowder. 

*. 711. Corrupted from 
the Persian word 

the Hindi word Baisdkh, The first 
month of the solar year of the Hindus 
beginning generally on the ' 1 1th or 12th 
of April. 

BASA'KHf ^W>:ft «• /• Corruption of 

the Hindi word Baisdkhi. The first day 
of Baisdkh, which is a Hindu holiday ; a 
prop for a JTuimh, 

BASAKNAGNf t|H^o(A'dlAl 

8. m. ) 

The name of the fabaloas snake which is 
said to be coiled round the earth to keep 
it from bursting. 

BARt^Pf A ggijhH^ *r *»• Corruption of 

the Hindi word Bahripyd. One who 

assumes various disguises, an impostor, 

a hypocrite ; a caste of Hindus that use I 

pack animals. *f BASA^ WRS »■ »». A vessel, 

BARt^Rf ^f# »• / Pimples ; erup- 

BARWA ^U^ ». «*• The name of a 

Bdani or mode in music by which deer 
and serpents are said to be charmed ; a 
gtyl© of poetry. 

BARWALA 1!|d<>W '• '^' ^ ^**^^- 
man, a village policeman ; » caste of 


sister or daughter of a Barwdld, 

BARWATTA ^d^c: ' «• *»• ^ o^^^" 
ment worn on the arms ; L q. Bahuffd, 

BARYAM ^^CTM o- See Baridm ; i, q, 

BAS ^ni s. TO. Dwelling, residence, 
lodging ; i. q. . Vd^. 

BASA '^JVP 8, TO. See BdsJid, 
BASAKH "^^^IVf 8, TO. Corrupted from 

BASAIJIT ^TI3*./. The spring of the 

year, extending from the middle jof 

March to the middle of May accordiixg to 

the Shastars, but reckoned among the 

common people from February to April ; 

the name of a Bdg : — hasant panchmt or 

panchmin, e, /. The fifth day of the 

second half of the month of Mdghy famous 

of old among the Hindus, and in later 

times among the Sikhs who observe it as 

the anniversary of Guru Har Gobind's 

decease ; on this day the people general^f 

used to wear yellow turbans: — hasant 

' rutt, 8, /. The spring season : — Jnuant 

phulniy 17. a. The flow^riiig. of the 

mustard plant. 

BASAljITAR ^^ 8, /. Fire-, the God 
of fire ; u q» Baisantar, 

BASANTf ilJIJ) 8, /. A yellow gar- 
ment ; — a. Yellow. 

BASAR Tjrrg 8, n\' Turmeric ; i. q. 

BASAT IJJ^I^ 8, /. Corrupted from the 

Hindi word BxsdL Capital, stock, 
estate ; means. 


( 104 ) 


BASATf ^W^ ) 

8. m, A petty 
mercliaiit, a 

BASAinsrA ^WW^T r. a. To people, 

to colonize, to cause to dwell, to bring 
under cultivation, to settle in a country. 

BASEBBA iii\H^ 8, m. Dwelling, abid- 
ing, residing ; i. g. Ycuebhd, 

BASEEH ^^%( a. Corruption of the 
Hindi word Vishesh. Much, more. 

BASEKHTA 15^^J3T *. /. Abundance, 
excellence, superiority. 

BASEBX Hl\^ 8' m. A dwelling, living 
place ; a bird's nest ; a night's lodging. 

BASHA ^Ijyil 8. m. The name of a 

bird of prey ; — a. Crafty, artful ; 
dextrous ; t. g. Bdsa, 

BASHAKNAG lJltio(A>dl #• «». See 


BASf Wf^S' /• (Pot.) Eighty.two;— 
8, Til, Resident, inhabitant. 

BASIKir ^rf^ 8. m. (K) A tenant. 

BAStLA ^4]^! 8. m. Cause, medium, 

mediation, instrument, instrumentality ; 
t. q. Vasild. 

BASffH ^iOs 8. w. One who mediates 

between parties (commonly used of one 
'Vvrho is officious.) 

BASf WAN Hlfl^i *. m. A boundary, 
a border. 

BASNA t|IHA') 8. /. Smell, odour; 
BASHNA tim^l ) desire, wish. 

BASNA ^nST V. n. To dwell, to reside; 
inhabited, built ; t. q. Vfund. 

BAS^i H^H^ 8. /. A money-belt tied 
round the body ; «. q. VdswC. 

BASOA )Q^?y>P «, ^ A Hindu holiday 

occurring on the first of the month 

BASON ^Qh^ 8. f. Population, an in- 
habited place, a settlement, a dwelling 
house ; i. q. Vason, 

BASRA ^^^1 8. m. Face, counte- 

BASS ^TT 8. w. Power, authority ; 

opportunity, advanti^ ; enough, 
sufficient ; — hcus kamdy v. a. To over- 
power, to submit ; to stop, to put an 
end to, to have done with : — ba88 vichch 
dundj V. n. To be in one's power; — intj. 
Enough ! no more ! so ! that will do ! 
that's all! See Va88, 

BASSA ^7n 8. m. Living, residing; 
%, q. Va88d, 

BASSf Hl*ri a. Stale, not fresh, 
BASSIT ^EpH 8. m. A resident. 


». /. Thing, matter^ 

substance, goods and chatties, baggage ; 
sweetmeat ; t. q. Vast, 

BASTA m\d^ 8. m. A cloth in 

which anything is folded up, a parcel, a 
bundle (of papers or books) ; a periodical 
allowance of provisions made to servants. 


( 105 ) 


BASTANf ^7?3^ *. /. A cloth in 

which clothes are wrapped up for safe 
keepings : — bastani or hastani wdld^ s. m. 
The keeper of a great mau's wainlrobc. 

BASTAR ^M^ s. m. Wearing ap. 
pare! ; clothes, raiment. 

BASTHA m\W s- 'fn. Corrupted from 

the Sanskrit word -4vaj?^Aa. Time, age; 
i. q. Vasthd. 

BASTf '^TT^ 8. /. An abode, a 
village, an inhabited place, population. 

discount on cheques, a percent ; a twist, 
twisting ; the charge made for twisting; 
(e. g. a rope) ; i. q. Vanddi^ 1 'a/ai. 

BATAIL ^f§?5 

(thread. ) 

8. m. 


BATAKH gg>:j 

A duck, a duckling ; a goose. 


8. f. Corrupted fr«ra 
the Arabic word Bat 

B ASTU ^^^ ) s. /. Thing, goods and 
BASTtf^TfJI chatties; sweetmeats; 

i. q. VasiUy Vastu. 

BASirXlSr 'S[W^ *. w. A dwelling 
house, a place of residence. 

BASITLA: H^i^^ ff. m. I A kind of 
BASITLI IJHmI *• f' S *^^® nsQ^ 
by carpenters, a mason's hammer. 

BASUTf 55^ 5. /. A kind of brush- 


*./. {K.) Footpath, a road. 

BAT ^1*5 s. f. A word, matter,, tiling, 
tale, tradition, legend, story, fable. 

BATAN ^^HS «• ^' Inward, interior, 
hidden or concealed ; mind, heart. 

BATANDRA y^itJd" *• ^ Exchange 

of work among women, as one spinning for 
another, and getting sewing done in 
exchange ; i, q. Vatdndrd, 

BATARNr SJ^X) *• /• Corrupted from 

the Hindi word Baitarni. The river 
over which Hindus suppose the souls 
of the departed pass when entering 
the tiext world ; also a cow ^ offered to 
Brahmans when any one is dying, with a 
view to facilitate a safe passage over 
the said river. 

BATASA ^fHTH' 5. m. A kind of sweet- 
meat, a sponge cake ; i. q^ Fatdsd, 


s. VI. Profit or gain 

Bat ifH^ 8, /. Distance, space ; way ; 
». g. Vdf. 

^ATAf "SRJ^ 8, /. Division of 

produce ; the system of taking revenue 
in kind ; the landlord's share of a crop ; 
percentage charged by money-changers, 

resulting from an exchanpfe of commo- 
dities ; a traveller :—a. Exchangeable, 
that which may be bartered. 

BATAITN y^Q 8. rn. Brinjalls, the 
egg-plant, {Solanuin metongena). 

BATAUNA HrJlQiT v. a. To pass, 

to spend time ; to express by movements 
•f the hand or eye, to gesticulate. 


( 106 ) 


BATAUNA ^cJ'QA' t?. a. To change, 

to exchange, to alter ; to cause to be 

BATEHRf y^OcH «• /• Rations or 

provisions sent by the family of a bride 
to the lodgings of the bridegroom and 
his party on the first day of the wedding 
ceremony, it being contrary to practice 
to receive them under the bridal roof on 
the first day; (this custom prevails only 
among the higher classes of Hindus.) 

BAT LA ^Tg35T s. m. (M.) A stammerer. 


8. m 

8. m 


baterA y$d^ 

BATERf 'S[^ s, /. 

species, a quail (Cotumix oUvacea.) 

BATBRAH ^^cTU *. m. (K.) A 

BATHERA ^^UT a. Much, many, 

BATKRA ^llJcP ^- «*• The two 

folds of a quilt sewn and ready for 
filling in cotton ; — a. Unfilled (the 
folds of a quilt.) 

BATIHARA ^Elfeurgr s. m. One who 

takes a wife for his son from a person, 
and gives his daughter to the son of that 
person in exchange. 

BATf SA ^^tlT a. Composed of 32 

ingredients (medicines) ; having 32 teeth 
(a man) j containing 32 stories (a 

BATf T ^HlH ^' Passed, gone, elapsed, 

bye-gones: — hatitmdn^ a, Ti*ansient, tran- 


to elapse. 

r. «. To pass away. 



^^U 8. /. "1 

A lar^e 


of about one or two maunds' capacity, in 
wJiich Hindus cook food when largpe 
quantities are required. 

BATNA ejCtS' *• "^^ ^ mixture of the 

meal of chand (a kind of vetch), oil, and 
some fragrant substance. This is u.sed 
as a substitute for soap, (as it makcB 
the skin soft and delicate), by the bride 
and bridegroom when bathing on the 
marriage day ; i. g. Vafnd. 

BATNA ^<:e« «. m. 
BATNf y<I<J^ 8. /. 

8, 171- 

An instmnient 
with which 
ropes and fina 

cords are manufactured, (especially the 
Janeu, or Brahmanical thread) ; i. q. 

One who is 
the 8am« 

BATNAMA y^iA'H^ *. m. ) Oi 
BATNAMf 1J^J9lft'/- )^^ 

name as a husband's father, mother, 
brother, sister, or uncle ; (spoken 
by wives, the mentioning of the name of 
an elder relative of a husband being 
forbidden among Hindus.) 

BATOHLf ^$U5ft *. /. A bird 
sembling a Bafer, but smaller. 


BATOLNA hi^ih^^ «. a. To collect, 
gather together. 

BATPA?t ^[^VW '-w. A highway, 
man, a villain. 

BATPARf ^^SflT^ *. /. Highway rob- 


( 107 ) 


BATRf hi\dS '. / A single word, 
part of a word* 

BATSAH ^i-^H'U «. w. Corrupted 
from the Persian word Bddshdh, See 


8. m. Nausea, faintness ; c. w. 

aunt ; a term in the games chaupar and 
chhikri ; c. to, paind ; — s. /. Fraud, 
deception ; a degeee of moisture in the 
ground which makes it fit for the 
plough ; c. w, duni or deni ; ability, art, 
skill ; proper degree, right consistency 
(a term in cookery): — is nun likhan 
di bait (or vatt) ckangt dundi hat. He 
writes well : — hun batt (or vatt) sir dyd. 
Now it is done, or brought to the right 
consistency ; t. q, Ohatt, 

^^— ^ 

BATT <X^ 8, m. A weight; sultriness; 

enmity, displeasure ; twisting, a twist or 
wrinkle ; a frown ; a twisting of the 
bowels, pains in the bowels, gripes ; not 
•nfficiently soft (used of ddl which remains 
hard from deficiency of water in which 
it has been soaked) ; >. q. Baff, 

BATTA ZF^ 8. ,m. A weight, a stone ; 

discoxint ; revenge, defect i^-baffd saffd, 
8. m. Exchange in trade, exchanging one 
article for another ; barter ; c. w. dend, 
laggndy Idund ; *. g. Vaftd, 

BATTA <(i<;i 8. m. A large brass 

basin; the green fruit and blossoms 
of the KaHr tree (Acacia leucophlcea) ; 
when half ripe, it is called deld, and used 
for pickles ; when quite ripe and red, 
it is called penjhu. 

make it fit for the plough ; also applied 
to the proper season for ploughing land ; 
t. q, Vattar. 

BATTARf ^-^ a. See Battt. 

B ATTHAL efo M *• wi. A large earthen 

BATTHALf H6i& s. f. A small 
earthen basin. 

BATTHIT -^t^ 8. m. A weed used 

for food when grain is scarce (Chenopo- 
dium album et murale ;) the name of a 
creek near Kangra. 

BATTf W^ s.f. A kind of brass basin ; 
extra rations to soldiers. 


*. w., o. A lamp wick, 

thirty-two : — batti dhdrdn, 8. /. 
milk, (which is supposed to 
thirty-two streams) : — batU 
bakhshnd, v. a. lit» To pardon 
milk, i, e. to renounce any 
maternal sympathy, to ward 
judgment which the son must 
himself by any dereliction 


flow in 



claim to 
off the 
bring on 
of filial 

^3or ) 8. f. A duck, 
^ J duckling ; a goose. 


BATTAR Si;^ 8. /. Moistening of 
l»nd (by irrigation or rain) sufficiently to 

BATTI i[^ I 8. f. A five-seer weight; 

a small stone ; a lamp wick ; a pill ; 
i, q. Vaffi. 

BATTNA a^^l V, a. To twist ; to 

acquire, to gain, to make a profit ; — 
matthd ba((ndy v. ». To frown, to be 
displeased ; i. q, Vaffnd, 

BATLTA ^95^ *• ^- ^ pocket, a silver 

bag of triangular form suspended in 
front of a bride's trousers ; a bag, a 


( 108 ) 


BATl/A ^93W «. w. The quantity 

of cotton taken up at one time to spin, 
(answering to the '' distaif full," though 
much less in point of actual quantity) ; 
the cotton ia made, into such portions or 
hatue when carded ; i. q, Funt. 


BATlTNGARf ^31^ s. /. 
BATI/Nf WE^ '• /• 

A great talker ; an ostentatious person. 
BATWAL ^3^5155 8. m. (A'.) A 
village messenger and watchman. 

BATWANf y^^'dl s, /. A clod 

used by Mnhammadans after urinating 
to absorb the last few drops ; i, q, Vatwdni. 

BAUHA^l ^iiJS ad. Agai^. 

BAUHARNA )30rJd* ^' n. To come, 

to arrive, to come at a critical time to 
save one from an enemy, to relieve 
distress or affliction. 

BAUHKAB ^USrar*. /. A broom; 
t. q. Bahdri. 

BAUlILf ^UJJ^t B. /. The milk of a 

cow, buffalo, or goat which has newly 
brought forth young. It is boiled and 
eaten with sugar. 

BAUL q<V) 8. m. Urine, (this term 
generally used by Muhammadans). 

BAULf ^7^ ) *• /• A walled 

BAULI ^g^Ol r spring, (generally in 

BAURf 'SPQ^ J the hills) ; a well 

in which there are steps leading down 
to the water, (generally in the low 
country). In some hauU8 there are 
covered chambers where people rest 
and take refreshments during the heat 
of the day. 

BAUNA qf<tl *. m. A dwarf ; i. q. Vau/id. 

BAUN BAUN ^ST^ s, f. An emptv 

noise, a vain attempt, the disgrace con- 
sequent on a failure ; c. w. hajjnii — 
haun hann hajj gni. The tiling was a 
failure ; the affair has resulted in dis- 

BAUNCH §% s. w. A thicket or 
impenetrable jungle. 

BAUNGA 3dl' *• w- ) One who ia 
BAUNGf §^ 8, /. ) silly, but amia- 

ble ; one who is not able to keep a 
secret ; a talkative person. 

BAUR ^5 8. /. A net or snare for 
catching deer. 

BAUBA ^^ a. Mad, insane. 

BAURAN §gT 8. /. pi. A kind of 

noose or net for catching animals ; i. 9. 

BAURf A ^aiW *• w- A low caste of 

people notorious for theft. They general- 
ly use Baur for catching animals. 

BAWA ^5^ 8, /. Corrupted from the 

Arabic word Vahd. Epidemic, plague, 
pestilence ; (ironic) title given to a 
mischievous woman ; c. tp. paint. 

BA WA ^1^1 8. w. A title given to the 

male descendants of the first three 
Gurus of the Sikhs ; a /a^iV or sddhu ; 
the head of an order of monks; 
a form of address used by beggars or 
sddhus towards the master of a house and 
the people generally ; a term of respect 
equivalent to Sir; (European children are 
called hdwd log by native servants.) 



a. Fifty-two. 


( 109 ) 


BAWARA <ii^o' a. Mad, insane, stupid ; 
t. q. Baurd. 

BkWARk^ W^) «. /. Hair too 
BkWAHtXlf Ijl^^ lfMT ) short to be 

tied up into a knot ; %, q. Bdbartydn. 
BAWAsfR ^^llfld 8, /. Piles. 

BAWATTX tf^^d'l *. m. An ai-mlet 
with an amulet. 

B AWESU i|Q4)yHr *. m. One suffering 
from piles; %. q, MatoeM. 

BAWESf Al? 44^>Dnr «. /. pi Piles ; 
i. q. Mamendn. 

BXWf ^1^ s. /. Feminine of Bdwd, 

BAYA ^PJP 9. m. Sweetmeats present- 
ed by every married Hindu woman to 
her znother-in-law, or to any elderly mem- 
ber of her family, on the day of Karwd 
cha^ik', «. q. Baid, 

#. f». Width, breadth. 

BATAS <|iffiH *. m. The name by 

which Krishna Devipayana, the great 
Sanskrit scholar, sage and author of 
the Yedanta Darsana, the fountain of 
Yedant philosophy, is generally known. 
It means the " divider,*' and as he is 
reported to have first divided and arrang- 
ed the Yedas, the name was given him, 
and hence he is also sometimes called 
Ved Bayas. He was called Devipayana 
because he was bom on an island. The 
name of one of the five rivers of the Punjab ; 
it is corrupted from the Sanskrit Vipasa, 
to unbind. The story is that a sage, 
tired of life, bound himself hand and 
foot, and threw himself into its waters, 
• but the river unbound his cords, and 
deposited him unhurt on the bank ; 

diameter : — baydsardhy s. m. The half 
of a diameter ; t. q, Vayds, 

BAYYA '^EPI^ ) 8, m. The weaver 

BAYYA?tA ^XifgTJ bird (Phceus 


BE ^ The second letter of the Persian 

Alphabet ; — inter. ! (spoken by women 
in addressing children) ; c. w. Ve ; — -prep^ 
Without, in want of : — he akhtydr, a. 
Without self-possession, incompetent ; — 
ad. Involuntarily, naturally : — he akhU 
ydri^ 8. /. Want of self-possession or 
authority: — he akly a. Without sense, 
without understanding, silly : — he ahli, 
8,f. Want of sense, foolishness, silliness: 
— he anty a. Endless, infinite (title of 
God.): — he ardm^ a. Restless, uneasy, 
ill : — he ardmiy ». /. Restlessness, uneasi- 
ness, disquiet, illness: — he-athdr, a. Cor- 
rupted from he ithdr. Of no credit or 
estimation, not iarustworthy, incredible ; 
faithless ; suspicious, incredulous : — he 
atbdri. Corruption of he ithdrt, a. Want 
of credit, discredit, untmstworthiness, 
faithlessness : — he hdhdrj he hahdrd^ he 
hahdri, a. Out of season : — be chain, a. 
Restless, uneasy, ill: — hechaini,8,f. Rest- 
lessness, uneasiness, illness.: — he dakhl^ 
a. . D isp ossessed, ejected ; — he dakhlt, 
8, f. Want of possession, dispossession, 
ej^tion : — hedav, a. Fearless, undannt- 
ed ; bold : — he dard, a. Unfeeling, unsym- 
pathisiug, merciless, pitiless : — he dardt, 
8. f. Want of feeling : — he dareg, a. Un- 
merciful regardless, inconsiderate.; — he 
daregi, 8. /. Mercilessness, want of feel- 
ing, cruelty : — he daul, a. Ill-fashioned, ^ 
mis-shaped ; ugly : — he dauU, 8. /. Ugli- 
ness, clumsiness ; disorder : — he dhafk, a. 
Fearless, bold ; — ad. Fearlessly, boldly : 
— be dil, a. Disheartened, dissatisfied, 
displeased ; — he dili, s. /. Dissatisfaction, 
displeasure:— be dtn, a. Without re- 
ligion, irreligious, faithless : — he dint, 
8. /. Faithlessness, irreligion : — he doe, 
he dosdj he dost, a. Innocent, faultless : — 
he faidd, a. Unprofitable, useless, to nq 
purpose ; — hefikar, a. Free from care or 
anxiety, contented : — hefikrt, 8.f. Free- 
dom from care or anxiety; content- 
ment: — he gam, a. Without anxiety, 
careless, indifferent; — he garni, s. /. 


( 110 ) 


Freedom from anxiety, carelessness, in- 
difference; — be gami-d, o. Corrupted 
fi-om be gumrdh. Careless, fearless, un- 
concerned, thoughtless, indifferent ; 
-^e gamrdhi, *. /. Corruption of be- 
gumrdhl Fearlessness, thoughtlessness, 
indifference }— 6e garj, a. Pisinterested, 
unselfish; indifferent :— be garji, s, /. 
Disinterestedness, unselfishness ; in- 
difference ;—6e gundh, a, ^ Innocent, 
faultless, sinless:— fte gyndhi, », f. 
Innocence— 6e hayd, be hidu.a. Shame- 
less, immodest:— 6c haydt, be hajji, 
g f, Shamelessness, immodesty : — be- 
hisdb, a. Quite out of the account, 
out of the question ; impossible ; innu- 
merable : — be has, be Iwsh, a. Senseless : 

U hosU, 8. /. Senselessness :— 6e ijjat, 

a Corruption of be izat. Disgraced : — 
be iiJatU *. /. , Corrupted from beizatl 
Disgrace i—be imdn, a. Without religion, 
infidel; without conscience, unprincipled, 
corrupt, faithless; false, treacherous; 
dishonest, fraudulent :— be %rmn% or be 
iraangi, 9. /. Irreligion, infidelity, 
dishonesty, breacli of trust, unfair deal- 
ing ; falseness, perfidiousness ;— be insdf, 
a Unjust :— be irudfi, s.f. Injustice ; - 
be jdu a. Distressed, sick:— be kal, 
a Corrupted from the Sanskrit word 
Vaydkal, Restless, uneasy, serio^ly ill : 

^jkaZi, 9. /. Corruption of the Sanskrit 

word Vaydkalt- Restlessness, uneasiness* 
agitation:— be ^<iV, a. Worthless, without 
work or employment ; idle, doing notb- 
ing:-be kdri, 9, /. The state of b«a« 
unemployed :- be kardr, a. See b€ cha^ 
QT be araw:— be Jcardrl, 9. /. Bee be 
ardmi or be chain%:—be khabar, a. 
Without knowledge (of), uninformed; 
without intelligence, ignorant, stupid :— 
be khabri, 9, /. Ignorance, stupidity— be- 
khud, a. Out of one's mind through sick- 
ness, in a fit :—be lagdnt, a. Unbndled ; 
licentious :— be laUj, a. Shameless, dis- 
respectful :— be lahdji, 8. /. Immodesty, 
disrespect :— be lajj, a. Shameless:— 
hemukh, a. Inattentive, indiscreet, imper- 
tinent ; indifferent to the Guru s advice: 
—be mutdj, or be mtUhdj, a. Free from 
want, free from care ; having abundance ; 
independent : — be inuti\jh or be muthdjt, 
s. /. Freedom from want or care, in- 
dependence; a forked stick on which 
Sikhs spread the cloth through which 
they strain Bhang: — benasibya. Unfor- 
tunate:— be na8tbh «. /• Misfortune, ill- 
fate :— be oldd, be olddd, a. Having no 

issue, childleuB : -^be pofdgi J 8,f. Openness, 
immodesty : — be rahm^ a. Merciless, 
8. /, Mercilessness : — be rid or be rayd, 
cruel : — be rahmt^ a. Unprejudiced, 
sincere, without hypocrisy ; — be aahrd^ a. 
Impatient : — be sabn, a. Impatience : — 
be sahur, a. Foolish, wanting in common 
sense, without understanding: — besahurtj 
8. /. Wanting common sense, stupidity, 
folly : — be 8amjhj a. Without under- 
standing, foolish, silly : — be sawfhi, 
8. /. Want of understanding, stupidity, 
folly : — be earm, be sharruj a. Immodest, 
shameless : — be sarmt, be 8harmij 8. /. 
Immodesty, shamelessness: — be sawdd^ 
be eatodddf be 8aivddt, a. Tasteless, 
insipid, without relish : — be-scmddi^ 8. /. 
Excban^ of angry words, quarrel :— 
be shamar, a. Numberless, numerous: — 
be8udh, besurty a. Out of one's senses, 
out of one's mind through sickness, 
senseless ; foolish, wanting in under- 
standing : — be 8urd, a. Having a bad 
voice (in music); ugly : — be tab, a. Faints 
ed, agitated ; Restless ; impatient ; ill :^- 
be tdbiy 8. /. Faintless ; restlessness ; im- 
patience: — be tartu, a. See be rahm : — be 
torn, 9, f. See be rahmi: — 'be taur^ he 
taurdy a. Badly formed: — be wakufj a. 
Foolish, stupid, silly: — be wakufi^ 8, f. 
Foolitfli&ess, stupidity : — be tMir, be wa^ 
a. Without power or autitoritj^ 
lUtresisting : — be u^oet, 9, H< 

^E-BE ^^ 8, > Lad;^ (iufi4 ospeeiaUj 

in addressf ng a sister, mother, mother-iit- 
law» or any elderly woman, as a term 
ol endearment or respect J 

BECHNA $d<S1 ». a. To sell, dispose 
of, transfer. 


8. m. Corrupted from the 

Sanskrit word Veda, The scriptnres of 
the Hindus ; divine knowledge. There 
are four Bedds^ i, e. Rig or Rekh, YAjnr 
or Tdjush, S4m&, AthjuVd ; cane, willow 
(ScUix elegana ; fragilis and vimanilis/i — r 
bed muek or mushky 8, m. Musk willow, 
(Saltx caprea) celebrated for its frag- 
rance. It is used medicinally ns a 
8harbat ; t. q» Ved, 

BEDAN Qt!A 9. /. Pain, ache, a£Biction, 



( 111 ) 


BEDA^ ^tfd^ «• /• A woman of the 
Bed% caste. 

BED ANT ^t5J $. m. Corrupted from 

the Sanskrit word Veddnt. The suhstance 
of Vedas ; name of a particular Hindu 
system of philosophy and theology. 

BEDiNTf :^€i=fl f, m. Corruption of 

the Sanskrit word Veddnti. One who 
is conversant with the Beddnt system, a 
follower of the Vedanta philosophy. 

BEDHA ^TJT s, m. Yermin that infest 

cattle, horses^ i. e. ticks and lice, also 
the nit of a louse. 

BEDHNA ^IJA> «. /. See Bedan. 

BBDf $^#. /. A division of the 

Kha;br% caste, %. e. that to which Guru 
Nanak belonged ; a man of that caste,, a- 

male descendant of Guru Nanak ; $. f, 

A wooden canopy or pavilion underneath 
which Hindu marriages are performed ; 
a place prepared for putting on the sacred 
thraadr (JoamX ; an aitar ; i. ^ VM. 

BEO %ar 9. w. A i[ugal title, corres- 
ponding' with that of Khim among the 
P4^i£n8i hmSise^ rapidity ;--a(2. With 
haste, quickly, soon : — beg viehck thmdy 
«« a. To be in heat (cattle.) 

BBGAM ^^m a, /. A queen, a lady ; 
a title of Mugal ladies. 

BBGAMf ^^nlt a. Of, or relating to 

a Begam; — #. /. A superior kind of 

BEGi^NA ddPA')a. Not related, 

BBGANRA ^cH'Arf' ) foreign, strange, 

alien, unknown; not one's own: an- 
other's {pwdyd.) ; — #. m, A stranger, 

BEGAR ^oi>d *. /. Forced labour, forc- 

ing men, carriages, and beasts of burden 
into service ;—66^rfr tdlnd, v, n. To 
work carelessly; ». q. Bagdr. 

BEGARr ^^gn^,./. One who works 

under compulsion (whether paid or not,) 
a person forced to work (with or without 


BEH T(%i 8. w. A hole, a perforation ; 

— #. /. Poison, (mineral, viegetable or 
animal) ;— *. m. (If.) Seed ; *. q. Veh. 

BEHA ^Ur a. Stale, not fresh :— 

hehd tahehd, a. Stale, three days' stale; 
^s, /. Food lying stale for three days/ 


dam^, injury, insipidity; lackiig 
relish, want of shame« 


#. m. Coriander seed. 


BBHAN ^X!fX *. /. A filly fron 
months to two years' old. 

BEHf ^ttjf 9. f. The sweetmeats placed 

before a* wddding party at ih% bride's 
house after the marriage ceremony, 
generally after noon for tw« days con- 
tinuously ; t. q. Mifthd bhatt ;--a. Stale ; 
^beh4 tabehi, a. /. a. Food stale for three 
days ; stale food ; not fresh i—hehUdnd 
V, n. {K,) To sit down. " ' 

BEH^ ^g^ji 8, t». Jl yard, a court ; 
a compound; i, q. Vehrd, 

BEHT ^OH ^. ni. (JBT.) A plank. 

BEIL ^l^e^ 8, m, A seccmd ploughing; 
i. q, l)ohar. 

BEri^ ^cT *. w. An irregular stream 

with a clay bottom, having the appear- 
ance of a canal. 


( 112 ) 


BEJHAR %9? #. /. Several kinds 

of grain mixed together ; i. g. Oajar or 

BEJ JA ^ff* •• wi. False pretensions : — 

h^dmdmd, v, n. To make false pre- 
tensions, to play tricks. 

BEKAL ^o(M a. Corrnpted from the 

Sanskrit word VaydkaL Restless, nn- 
easy, agitated, out of order. 

BEKALf ^oTT^ *. /. Corruption of 

the Sanskrit word Vaydkali. Restless- 
ness, uneasiness, agitation. 

BEKtJ ^a 8. m. (K.) A kind of grass. 

BEL hlih *• /• ^ yviGj a creeping plant ; 

tendrils and leaves worked on clothes, 
shoes, embroidery, flower tissue ; tape, 
barbs; length (of a lion, dog, horse, 
bullock) ; money given to dancing girls, 
players, barbers, and others, at wed- 
dings and feasts ; descendants, offspring ; 
a team of two or more pairs of oxen : — 
M huffd, f . m. Shrubs and creepers ; 
flowers (on clothes), leaves and tendrils 
worked on wood, any flowered border: — 
helddr^ a. Leaves and . tendrils on 
cloth, woodwork ; long, of good 
length (a cow, horse) : — bel vadhnd, v. n. 
To bear fruit, to have offspring, to main- 
tain the line ; — (M.) A oangerous dis- 
ease in camels, few escape from it. It may 
occur at any time, and is said to be caused 
by the animal not getting the condi- 
ments it requires. Swelling of the 
rectum and of the whole body up to the 
hump is the most conspicuous symptom ; 
a second ploughing ; t. q, Vel, 

BELA ^^1 f . m. Time, an interval, occa- 
sion ; leisure ; %. q. Veld. 

BELAN ^9S3 ft./. TheroUerof aBugar 

. mill, or a cotton cleaner or gin ; the axis 
of a Persian wheel i a cylinder of wood. 

metal or stone ; a roller, a rolling pin ; 
t. q, Velan, 

BELCnr ^MtO'/. A goat or sheep 
skin colored light green. 

BELDAR ^35^gTg ,. m. One who works 

in mortar, &c,, with a hoe or a spade ; a 
labourer whose work is to dig or delve. 

BELI ^cil '• ^- -^ friend, companion ; 

co-worker; lover; — (M) An agriculturist, 
a labourer ; a term of endearment among 
the Zamindars ; a protector ; a servant ; 
— tho hdl mivkdl dd, td AUah belt mdl da. 
If this is the state of the herdsman, God 
alone can protect the cattle: — dum nd 
belt, king nd hcUhidr. A mirdsi does 
not make a good servant, nor a fiddle- 
bow a good weapon. — Prov, 

BELLA ^TSt s. m. Wilderness, a place 

abounding in grass or reeds, as on the 
margin of a river, a marsh or moor ; a 
second or third pair ol oxen in a team. 

BELlti^ A ^TSS? «• m- A flugar- jnill ; a 

machine for seeding cotton;, a rolling pin; 
a small roller for rolling flour into a cake 
(rofi) ; the stick (also, called ^^temi) 
with which the hand of a^ bridegspoom is 
struck as a part of a marriage cere- 
mony; — v. a. To press (sugarcane); to 
seed cotton ; to roll (dough) ; to mash 
(ddlj ; to strike the bridegroom's hand ; 
t. q, Velnd, 

BEL^r ^COcl '• /* -^ machine for seed- 
ing cotton, a small rolling pin ; — v. a. 
To seed (cotton), to roll (dough.) 

BELIFLA ^75^ «. in. See Berard. 

BELttA ^C60P s. m. A small cup (made 
of brass or copper.) 

BENANTf ^aS *• /. Supplication, 

offering to a deity, entreaty, prayer; 
request ; t. q, Bettti, 


( 113 ) 


Karo henanti sun mere mttd, 
Sant fahl ki held ; 
rhdn khdt chalo Hari Idhd, 
Age btshan suheld. 

Offer prayers (to God), listen to me 
my friend, this is the time for serving 
the holy men ; if you earn in this world 
to take with you the favour of God as 
profit, the Supreme Being will protect 
(save) you in the next. 

BENAWA ^A'<c' a. Indifferent to the 

world (faqir), having no worldly cares 
or anxieties ; dead to the worid ; a sect 
of faqtrs. 

BBNDHWA ^'M^I 8. m. Defect or 

disorder in a mother's milk, causing 
aickness in the child ; c. to, laggnd. 

BENDHWAR ^'ijijld a. Deeply in- 
volved, in embarrassed circumstances) 
heavily in debt. 

BEJSTT ^S^»./. SeeBenanti. 

BBR ^53 '• «• A plum, the jujube 

(Zwyphus^ jujuba)^ the name of a fruit 
and of the tree on which it grows ; — 
8. /. Time by time, often. 

BE^ ^W *• *'*• A coarse rope, made of 

grass, straw : — ber haffui, 8, m. The 
wooden instrument used in making grass 
or hemp ropes ; c. w, haffnd, 

BERA ^O^ ^- ^' Roasted meat, a 

BE^A ^^1 8, m. A large boat, a raft, a 

float, a fleet ; an army, a troop, militia 
: — herd doh haifhnd or duhh jdnd^ dubhnd or 
gark jdndf or hond, rurhndj v, n. To sink (a 
boat) ; to lose all (in one's possession) ; 
to die (a son or other near relative) : — 
hefd dohidy v. n. The rolling of a boat ; 
impending ruin, ; — herd par hond or 
^ggnd, v, n. To be free from troubles, 
to succeed, to gain one's ends : — herd pdr 
kamd or Idund, v. a. To ferry over a raft 
or boat ; to overcome difliculties ; to help 
one through some transaction : — sapdht- 
ydn dd herd, *. m. A regiment or body 
of soldiers ; c. w, pdund. 

BERARA ^g^T 8. m. Wheat and 

chana (gram) mixed or grown together ; 
(met.J a person having parents of 
different castes ; i. g. Belrd. 

BERA?f ^g^ ,. /. Wheat and chand 

(gram) mixed together; property, posses- 
sion, &tock, principal : — berari hik or 
vikjand, v. n. The sale of all a man 
possesses, t. e. to become bankrupt, to 
lose every thing. 

BE^HA ^[SJ 8, w. A yard, a court ; 
i\ q. Verhd, 

BE^HMf ^^ s. /. Having two 

layers (as bread), with ddl between:— 
berhmi rofi, 8. /. A cake made in two 
layers, with ddl between the layers. 

BERf ^g| g, f^ Tj^g j^ ^^^^ CZizyphu8 

Muba); a time, delay; a division of 
the Khaftri caste ;—8. m. A man belong- 
ing to that caste. ® 

^E^f ^^ i- /. A boat, a fetter; (for 

reference of these meanings see Berd) ; 
(pL bertyan) irons fastened to the legs of 
prisoners; restraint; (met) nuptials 
wedlock :—bert paind, v. o. To be put 
in irons, to be imprisoned ; (met.) to bo 
tied in the bonds of wedlock : —beri pdund, 
V. a. To cause to be put in chains '.— 
heri kaUnd or vaddhnd, v, n. To be taken 
off (one's chains) ; to be freed, discharged 
released ; to be freed from any restraint 
or obstruction ; c. w. pdund. 

BERWA ^g^ ,. m. Distinction, 
doubt, separation, difference;!, q. Verwd. 

BESAN ^713 8. m. The meal or flour 
of chand (gram) ; i. q. Vesan. 

BESAtir ^7T^ a. Made of the meal 

or flour of chand and wheat i—besani rofi^ 
8. / Bread made of besan and wheat 

BESAR ^Tfg *. m. A nose-ring. 


( 114 ) 


BESKl ^Tloft«. /. C^) Watching 
harvested grain till it is divided between 
the proprietor and tenant. 

BESK^ tUf s. m. (K.) The watchman 
of harvested grain. 

BESLA ^W «• Careless, indifEerent, 
negligent, without concern ; L q. VesUi, 


V. n. (K.) To sit. 

BESRA t^rar .. m. The name of a 

bird of the hawk kind. 
BBSWA ^W^) J,./. A prostitute, har- 

BESWAl? t^ ) ^^*' "'^'"''^ ' * '''''"^'' 
of doubtful character, 

BET ^ «. w. A ratan, cane; the cut of 
clothes, cutting out clothes. 

BET ^^ «. '^' I^o^» alluvial lands, or 
islands in the bed of rivers. 

betA ^^ «• ^- ^ ^^^ ' ^y^ ^^^^^ ' * 

form of address used by faqvrs towards 
their disciples and others :— Ma 6anat*- 
ni, V. a. To adopt a son. 

BEUR ^Qd ) «. m. A woman's bo- 
BEWAR ^^g) dice. 

BEURA ^Qd^ «. w. SeeBerra 

BE WA ^^ *. /., a. Widow ; wandering 
about, going astray (in latter case used for 
cattle) ; c. w. hond. 


8, f. See Behe,. 

BHA gf «. w. Rate, price, price current, 

market price ; profit, advantage : — hhd 
charknd or vaddhnd, v. n. To rise in 
price,'to be at a premium : — hhd chukdna, 
V, a. To fix a price, rate : — hhd gkaimi, 
V, n. A fall in the market rate ; — Cor- 
rupted from the Sanskrit word BhardUi. 
Brother ; friend ; a familiar form of ad- 
dress as friend, my friend, my dear; — (M.) 
A share; fire :— 6Aa didh hhd. (lit. a 
share and a share and a half). A 
mode of dividing the produce between 
landlord and tenant, by which the former 
gets two fifths and the latter three fifths. 
This mode of division is also called 
panjdu or panjduanjji. 


8. f. A sudden stench. 

BETXL ^^195 *. w. Corrupted from the 

Sanskrit word Vetdl A demon, an evil 
spirit ;— a. Out of tune. 

BETf ^[€\ «• /• ^ da^g^ter ; a girl. 

BEUlflT "^S^ \ «• /• Shape, the cut 
BENUT S 'Q J \ and fashion of clothes, 
cutting out clothes ; i. q. Veunt. 

BEUNTAlSrA ^Q'rJcP ^- «• To cut out 
clothes ; t. q. Veuntand. 

BEUNTAUyA ^6'd'§i' ^ «• To 
cause clothes to be cut ; i. q. Veunldund. 

or a bad smell ; a sudden burst of flame ; 
madness ; fierceness, heat ; — a. Enkind- 
led; mad, having hydrophobia; c. w. 
jdndj paind, uUhnd. 

BHABAKNA s{4g7^ v. n. To be 

teased, to be provoked ; to rush sudden- 
ly upon one; to roar, to thunder; 
to turn red with anger; to burst into 
flame, to blaze up suddenly ; commonly 
used in the principal form with ^ija, 
as uh kutfd mainun hhahak he pid. Tho 
dog bai'ked and rushed at me. 

BHABBAR sf^d ) a. Suffering 
BHABBARA ^tf gr ) from goitre ; 

swollen (the stomach) ; fat. 

BHABBr ojiy n 
bhAbbo gr 

r-^ ) wife; 

A brother's 
a mother. 


( 115 ) 


(grenerally used in towns, where grandsons 
called the grandmother as mother and 
the mother as Bhdbbi), 

BHABKA g^gfoP 8. m. A small drinking 

vessel made of Bhart (an alloy of brass) ; 
a large copper surah i or gdgar (country 
still) used to distil liquor or spirits. 

BHABKAUNA o|^o(lQ(^l r. a. To 
cause to bark ; to tease, to provoke. 

BHABKf of^oH *. /. Rushing with 

fury ; threat, menance, intimidation : — 
giddar hhahkij 9, /. The snarling of a 
jackal, bullying ; a timid person's threat ; 
also feminine of Bhabkd. 

BHABKA ofl^lTJl 8, m. A caste of the 

Jaini persuasion (chiefly employed in 
traffic), a man of that caste. 

BHAB^I S'^rI *• /• A woman of the 

Bhdbrd caste ; object, purpose, negotia- 
tion or demand ; c. w. bhalni, 

BHABl&KA g^95r »• w. A flame, a 
blaze ;^-a. Beautiful ; real ; c, w, hond. 

awkward, not nicely made ; foolish, 
ignorant ; simple. 

BHADDAN y'tTi «• wi. Shaving of the 

head at the death of one's relative (a Hindu 
custom), of a child at a certain age con- 
sidered as a necessary Hindu religious 
ceremony; met. the being stripped of 
everything, bankruptcy ; c. to, kanodund. 

BH ADD AR oJtTd «• Oood, fine :— 

bhaddar kdli, s. /. An epithet of the 
goddess Burgd. 

8, m. See Bhaddan. 
8, m. (K.) A brass 

9t:o(CO '• »»• A wild 


cooking pot. 


BHAB^T 393 ». /. Ashes from a 

shrine with which Hindu worshippers 
smear their foreheads ; ashes which 
Hindu devotees rub on their bodies ; 
c. w, lagdund, malnd, 

BHABl&Tf 35^ «. /• The ashes or re- 
mains of a dead body after cremation ; 
wealth, riches, prosperity. 

BHABt^Tf A gg^bW 8. m. A faqir 
who besmears himself with ashes. 

plant, sometimes used medicinally. 

BHADON gi$^ 8, m. The fifth month in 

the Hindu solar year (from the middle of 
August to the middle of September.) 



W 8, m. ) 

BHACHCHH^TA ^gc? ^' «■ To devour, 
to eat greedily ; i. q. Bhakkhnd. 

BHADD g^ 8. m. A crack, a crevice, 
(also see Bhaddan.) 

BHADDA gt^i a. Clumsy, uncouth, 

Advantage, gain, profit, benefit (spoken 
ordinarily of persons and in the ne^- 
tive sense) : — is te ki bhadrakd hond hai f 
What good can be expected from him ? 

BHADRON ^lt;3* *. m. See Bhddun. 

BHAP^RA oI^^I 8. m. (II.J A lamb, 

(diminutive of Bhed, a sheep) : — bhed 
dd bhadurd, fakd pure dd purd. — Prov. 
Buy a lamb and you will get your money 
back in full. 

BHAG gSI *. /. Ptidendum muUebere. 

BHAG o^i^I s, m. Corrupted from the 

Sanskrit woi'd Bhdgu, Fate, fortune, lot, 
destiny ; portion : — bhdg bhari, a., s. f. 
Fortunate, pi-osperous ; also a woman's 
name ; (Ironic) unfortunate, unlucky : — 
bhdg hin, a. Destitute of good fortune, 


( 116 ) 


unfortunate : — hhdg Utgdundj v. n. To 
allot, to apportion : — bhdg lagnd^ v. n. 
To become fortunate ; to have child- 
ren: — hhdgwdn, a. Fortunate, lucky, 
prosperous ; munificent, charitable, kind : 
— hJuigwdni, ». /. Good fortune-, good 
luck, prosperity : — hfidgwcMt, hhdgwantiy 
8. /. A fortunate woman. 

BHAGA grgp a. (ilf.) Corrupted from 

the Hindi word Abhdgd. Unlucky; bad. 
The omission of the negatire m Multani 
is curious, for in the cognate dialects 
the adjective of the same form as hhdgd 
means fortunate, good: — hhdgd kuttd sain 
punwde. It is an unlucky dog that causes 
its master to be abused : — hhdgd chhokar, 
s. m. A bad boy : — hhdgd hhdgd^ s, m,. 

BHAGAL 3m?5 8. m. Trading without 
capital, bankruptcy. 

BHAGALr S^dl^ ) a. Bankrupt, 
BHAGALfA g j|g; [ ^) r)g J unreliable (in 

trade) ; an extravagant sx>ecalator. 

BHAGAN grgrS o-. «•/• Having a part, 

thrifty ; prosperous, ; — 8, /. A female 
partner, a fortunate woman ; a woman's 
proper name. 

BHAGANDAR 'ofditfd s, m. A boil in 
about the anus ; a fistula in ano. 

BHAGAR sldHd s, m. See Baghdr, 

BHAGAR 3^313 s. m. A sub-division 
of Rajputs. 

BHAGArA ofdPfj^ «. /• Earth brought 
from the shrine of Nagdhd, 


BHAGTU ggig 


m. Corrupted 
from the Sanskrit 



word Bhakt. A worshipper, a devotee ; 
a religious man ; a pious, holy man : — 
hhagcU kdnd, s. m. The part of religious 
books which relates to worship : — 

hhctgat vachchhal, a^ Kind to devotees or 
worshippers (an epithet of 6od)< 

BHAGAUpA '§^W e.m'^ 
BHAGAU^l AN o|^-j^ ,. /. 
BHAGAUftf gigyt s,f. 

fled from battle, a fugitive^ given to 
speaking, at random, saying one thing 
to one, and another thing to another; 
unworthy of credence ; a random speaker ; 
a coward. 

BHAGAUTAggfBT..-. A sword. 

BHAGAUTf g^*^ 8, /. Corruption of 

the Sanskrit word Bhagvati, The chief 
goddess ; a sword. 

BHAGEL gi§t35 a. Cowardly, fearful, 

disposed to run away, (in battle), on^that 
has run away. 

BHAG'GAL ^^TTSa. Beaten (quail>; 

9. m. A coarse black blanket (commonly- 
spoken of an old and torn one) ; the prin- 
cipal sum, (mtU.) 

BHAGGljg^tf. m. A name of a sub- 
division of Jats. 

BHAGf grgfj 8, m. Having a share ; 

sharing; a fortunate, prosperous person ; 
a partner, a partaker. 


V. o. To wet, to soak. 

BHAGTAN ^dldd «• / A female 
worshipper or devotee. 

BHAGTAf g^IH^ \ ' f Worship, 
BHAGTf ^^\S ) devotion ; sane 


BHAGTIA sfdlj)y>r s. m. A musician 
who accompanies dancing boys. 

BHAGtf^A Sfdi^i) ir. m. A cradle ; the 
BHAGlJjSf adi g fl ) seat in a swing ; 
i. g. Bhanggurd, 


( 117 ) 


BHAGWA Sdl^i) a. Salmon-coloured. 
BHAGWAN ^jC<J| ^ reddish-yellow, 

ochro coloured, coloured with geru (a red 
earth) or majtfh (maddar Rubia munjista) 
(fafiirs* clothes) : — bhagwd kaprd or tdkt, 
jf. wi,, /. Faqirs' cloth, i, e. Religious 
devotees (wear salmon coloured clothes.) 

BHAGWAN ^dl<>A«- wt. (S.) The 
Supreme Being, Almighty God. 

BHAGWAT g'^rSH*. ni. The name 
of one of the most celebrated of the 18 

BHAGWAT ggi^H) t. m. The 
BHAGWAl^T ^dl^d ) Supreme Being, 

Almighty God : — Bhagtoat gitdj e. m. 
Name of a philosophical and religious poem 
(a portion of the Mahabharata) held in 
the higfhest esteem by the Veshnvas; the 
book used in Hindu worship. 

BBAH gT;3 8. /. Fire; ardent love; 

splendour, elegance, brilliancy; c. w. 
Idgni, lagdnt. 

8. m. I 

A little earth- 
en furnace of 

bhahArA gurgr 

BHAHARf g^jT^ 

goldsmiths where fire is kept for melting 
metals ; i. q. Pahdrd, 

BHAHAU?A gg^ s.rn/( A wooden 
BHAHAU?f gg^ ,. /. f scraper (for 
throwing away horse's dung.) 

BHAHI grftj ^ ../.A slight appearance, 
BHAHIg^ J a slight tinge, (of any 

BHAHORA 3^3^ 8. m. A Hindu cere- 

mony performed after the 7th month of 
^e Erst pregnancy ; c. w, charhnd ; i. q. 

BHAI g *./. Fear, dread, alarm, terror: 

—bhaimdn, a. Fearful, tiresome, afraid, 
alarmed ; having the fear of God. 

BHAI gi^l $, w. A brother ; a cousin, 

a kinsman ; a friend ; a term applied by 
women, by way of respect, to their father- 
in-laws, husbands' elder brothers, and 
other male relatives ; a man famous for 
piety. This term is generally applied to 
every Sikh, and especially to the priests 
and Mahants of Sikh Temples and Dharm- 
sdlas ; a Gurmukhi teacher :—bhdi band, 
8. m. People of the same caste, 
blood relations, kinsmen i^bhdi bandi, 
8. f. Relationshi]), brotherhood, frater- 
nity : - bhdi chdrd, 8. m. Tribesmen, 
men of the same caste ; brotherhood, 
friendship i—bhdi tcdl, 8. m, A partner' 
co-sbarer i-^bhdi wdli, 8, /. Partnership! 

BHAf sT^ Inter. I say ! adverbial ad- 
junct diminutive of Bhdt^ used for Sir, or 
brother, as nd bhal, no sir, no brother. 

BHAf A S^nV 8. m. A title of honor 

given to Furbids ; also voc, of £Mt\ O 
brother ! 

BHAfA cfi^^ s. m. The term applied 

by younger brothers and sons, by way 
of respect, to their elder brothers and 
fathers, and also to elder relations, and 

8. m. Great fear. 


imminent danger, peril; distress; u q. 

BHAHjT g3 8. f. A sister i—blidin, bhard, 
8, /., w. Brother and sister. 

BHAIN g" 8. /. Bleating of a sheep ; defeat, 

discomfiture ; loss : — bhain bhain kamd, 
r. n. To bleat, to be docile, to be obedi- 
ent, to be submissive i—bhain karjdnd, 
V. n. To acknowledge defeat ; to submit 
to losses. 

BHAIISIGGA i'af' I a. Croa8-eyed, 
BKAimQi faflf squint-eyed, 


( 118 ) 


BHAINS Wt^ s.f. ) 
BHAIl^SA ^W s, m. ) 

habitants when war is at hand ; pro- 
perty carried away through fright : — s. m. 
(M.) A threshing floor, 

8. rn. The name by which a superior 
kind of guggal (Bdellium) is distin- 
guished ; a fragraftt gum resin, the pro- 
duct of Balsamodendron Boxburghsi and 
several species of amyris. 

' ^*<'fl y M^drdr<y 5 BHAJAN SHS *• «*• Devotion, wor- 
ship ; a hymn, a psalm ; c. w. kamd. 

BHAJAUIS^A gy^T^^n V. a. To cause 

BH AI? 33 s, /. A bad habit : --hkair 
munhy hhair munhdy a. Ugly face. 

g^t ) a. Bad, evil, w] 
^-X| \ simple: — hhaii 

wretched ; 
hhaire kamdn 

BHAI^f f^ 

dd hhaird plud. The fruit of evil deeds 
is evil.— Prov. 

BHAIRAVr "^d^l *•/• Ara>i(8ong) 
sung in the mornings 

BHAI?IIA §fkW ) intj. bad per- 
BHAI?fB §^$ ) soiii simpleton! 

to run away ; to drive away ; to caose to 
be worshipped. 

BHAJjf g^tf^ «• /• -A. present of fruit 

and sweetmeats, sent by the parents 
of a bride or bridegroom to their friends 
and relations when inviting them to the 
wedding ; a mode of preparing vege- 


lose ; to flee, to escape. 

) V. n. 
I break ; 



IT J »si 

The name of 
Hindu god, one of 

the incarnations of Shiva, '.-—Bhavron 
je^, s. ,tt. The name of a song. 

BHAIWALAPA §^?25^ *• «*• (^') 

Partnership (especially in land) i—bhau 
waldpd chune patd. Partnership is hair 
pulling :— Prov. alluding to the frequent 
quarrels amongst partners. 

BHAI'YA g'iilW 8. wi. See Bhatd. 

BH Af YA^J gclMcS *• ^' ^ *i*le ^^ 

Purhid men. 
BHAIYANAK ^CPHoT a- Frightful, 

alarming, dreadful, awful, terrible, for- 
midable, horrible. 


bhAja? gTtT3 

1 8. /. Flight (of an 
i army) ; flight of in- 

BHAJNA StTS' V' «• To worship, to 

BHAJNf K 3f5TSlor «• «»• A worshipper. 

BHAJWAR oflH^d «. w. (M,) A 
threshing floor. 

BHAJWAUNA gtl^'f^' ti, a. To 

cause to be worshipped ; to cause to be 
sent, to send, to despatch. 

BHAKANDAR sMxi^i s. m. See Bha- 

bhakar-bhakar-khAnA gsra 

3or3V2? V- «• To devour whatever 
comes to hand, to eat greedily. 

BHAKH 'Ski 8. /, Heat produced by 

fever, slight fever : — bhakh-hhakh kamd, 
V, n. To shine, to glitter (spoken of 
bright weapons ; also of a handsome 


( 11^ ) 



W^ ) s, f. Speech, 

^rfiiprHr J form of 

Rpeecli, a dialect or language ; the Hindi 
language ; chattering of birds. 

BHAKHAUNA gfVP^ST v.a. To kindle; 
to provoke, to put in a rage. 

bhakhlAu^tA 3M35^S^ v. n. To 

be heated (the body as in fever) ; to 
speak incoherently (in sickness or sleep.) 

BHAKHl^A gM?? V' ♦*• To be heated 

to a high degree ; to be inflamed ; to be 

BHAKHNA STVfS^ t;. n. To speak to. 

BHAKKH g^ 8. m. A slight heat of 

the body, (as on the approach of fever, or 
when the fever has nearly subsided) : — 
hhakkh laund, or lanni. The glow over 
a heated surface, the appearance of a 
heated sandy plain from a distance ; 
a form of mirage ; whim, fandy :— aA piyd 
hhakkhdn chhdnt da hai. He talks all 
sorts of nonsense. 

BHAKKH^A g^fe^ v. a. To devour : 

— hcmd bhakkhndi v, a. To take air ; i. q, 

web, like that of a spider, forms across the 
top of the plant, and prevents the ears 
from fonning. 

BH AKRUL ^ol^ih a. Filled with dust, 
covered with dust. 

BHAKRITLNA ^o{^<H>A' v. a. To fill 
with dust, to cover with dust. 

BHAKt^AggYMT a. Foolish. 

f^ \ medici 

A thorny 
medicinal plant 

BHAKKH^lA g^f^ 
BHAKK9A gsf 

(Tribulus alatus) ; it is also used by the 
poor as food, (especially in famine ) 

BHAKRAIN gof%^ «. m. (M.) A 
mallet for breaking lumps of earth. 

BHAKftf gST^ 8, /. (M.) A disease in 

plants. It attacks barley in August and 
the beginning of September. It is attri- 
buted to excessive dryness ; according to 
some a sort of spider does the mischief ; a 

BHAL SCO 9. /. Doubt, suspicion ; 
swelling (especially of the legs.) 

BHAL "S^ISS '• /• Search, inquiry ; in- 

BHALA giCO' '• ^^ Spear, a lance. 

BHALA 355^ ) a. Good, excellent ; well ; 

BHALB g^ J — od. Well ;— ». m. Ad- 
vantage, benefit, profit : — hhald changgdj 
a. Excellent, virtuous ; good ; healthy, 
well : — hhald mdnas, 8. m. A polite 
person ; a gentleman ; a reispectable man, 
a guileless, meek person, a nobleman 
(ironic) a fool ; a wicked person, a rascal 
— hhcLle dd hhald. lit Good yields good 
— hhald laggndy v. n. See J chchhd laggiid. 

BHALATTHA ^ifm f 8, m. Pushing, 
shoving, force ; skill in wrestling. 

BHALERA 375^^ 
BHALERA^A ^j$^-jj 



BHALIAf gftSW^ 8. f. Goodness, 
excellence, virtue ; benefit, advantage. 

gft^W^ ) «. /. A cow, 



buffalo that has given milk for a long 
time, but has not yet become pregnant 
{gahhhan) . 


( 120 ) 


BHALJNA W^t^ V, n. (Pot.) To be 

entangled, to be involved (in a quarrel 
or love affairs.) 



ad. To-morrow. 


s, /. Reputation, fame ; 

honour, distinction : — bhall hJutt, a. 
Well-known, well-reported on, notable, 
distinguished; well-done, well-performed; 
well-g^wn, luxuriant. 

BHALL A sic^^ 8, m. A caste among 

the Khattrts of Sarin ; a man belonging to 
that caste ; the descendants of the third 
Guru of the Sikhs ; a fried cake made of 
pulse (mdnh or mung% d% ddl) and eaten 
with curds : — kdnji pdbhaUd, «. m. A fried 
cake made of gram meal steeped with 
mustard and spices in water (used most- 
ly in the plural) ; i. q. Bard, Vara, 

BHALLA j^l^l t. m. See Bhdld, 

bhalmansau gysWcHT^ «• ^• 
BHALMANsr g?5>rsift ». /• 

Goodness, worthiness, integrity, a good 
action, honorable conduct. 

BHALNA ^^<S'r V. n. To be doubtful, 
to be suspicious, to make a mistake. 

BHALNA W^TP V. a. To search, to 

seek, to investigate, to ask for, to see, 
(used mostly with vekhnd.) 

BHALWAn 375^3 8,m. Corrupted 

from the Persian word Pahlvdn. An 
athlete ; a wrestler ; hero, champion. 

BHALWANf 335^T^ </. An athle- 
tic exercise ; heroism ; wrestling. 

BHAMAISI gW 1 cofij. Fi-om 
BHAMEI^I Wi^ >BhduHd, If aU 
BHAljjIWE^I gr^ J though, perhaps, 
either. See Bhdwen, 


fly, a moth. 

# m. A butter- 

BHAM?! 3TYr^«. /. A blazing fire. 


s. f. Flight, a rout (of an 

army), a line or mark made, by trampling* 
down, in standing crops for purposes of 
division ; small change for a Rupee; pur- 
chase of wedding articles ; the sun, the 
beams or rays of the sun : — ehdm b?idn^ 
i. f. The dawn of day, daybreak. 

BHANA griST 8. m. (M.) A pattle-pen. 

BHAtjTA 01^1 *. m. Desire, wish, will, 

view, estimation ; the will of God, fate, 
destiny : — past tense, irreg. (of Bhdundjy 
(to please, to be acceptable). 

BHANAf 'STSJ^ 8. /. Breaking, beat- 


i^^ C sister'i 

BHANAJ-JAWAf ^l^f^t^^i;/) ». 

A sister's son-in-law. 


BHA^TAE grSof 8. f. Desire, appetite, 

taste, relish ; (spoken of that for which 
one has no relish) as, chauldn te meri 
bhdnaJc gai hot hat, I have lost my in- 
clination for rice. 


( 121 ) 


BHANALAItJlA sl^><Sd> 

V. a. 


BHANAN 3SS 9, o. (Jf.) To break, to 

break into (a house) ; to fix a price : — 
ohdt haf^t hhani. His shop was broken 
into : — agh hhanany v, a. To fix the mar- 
ket price : — ddne bhanan^ v. a. To bor- 
row money, with a promise to repay it 
iu ^rain at a fixed rate. 

BHANAUIJA sJA'OA' V' a- To cause 

to be broken ; to cause to be put on ; to 
cause to be dressed : — hhdn bkandnnd, 
V. a. To purchase goods on occasions of 
marriage : — ropaiyd bhandund, v. a. To 
change (Rupee) money. 

BHANAU^f ^^^QS * /• Clothes 
giren at weddings and funerals. 

BHANAUTf gS^ '. /• W The 

act of fixing a price ; borrowing money 
and promising to repay it in grain at a 
fixed rate. The lender's profits on such 
loans are enormous, 

BHAlJBAL-BHtJSB ^^MslP a- n^pl- 

Wandering, not knowing what to do 
c. w, khdnd. 

BHA^BA? gng[3 )f.m. Alarge,blaz. 
BHANBA5 ' gm-j J ing fire, a great 

tumult ; c. to. machndj machdund. 

BHANBA?A-BHtfN ^(jj^lg a. Des- 
troyed, annihilated ; leaving no trace. 

BHANBA^lf Sf>4fj) \s.f. A large blaz- 
BHAlJBASf ^^r^ ) uig fire. 

• • 

BHAN-BHAN gt§[T a. Desolate, void and 

waste, stripped of its glory (a city, a 
palace, or house) ; c. w, kamd : — bhdn 

bhdn bilUdn, s, /. A round game amongst 
children who go round and round 
repeating the words bhdn bhdn bilUdn, 

BHANBfRA ^iOd' «• w. (M,) An 

insect which attacks indigo and mofh, 
in drought, and is driven away by rain. 

BH ANBf Rf Sii\S s. /. A spinnet ; a 

toy, a kind of top, a winged insect that 
appears at the close of the rains, a butter- 

BHANBOLA S^W '• m- A plant 

bearing a small red fruit, the leaves of 
which are used medicinally. (StxmdiaS' 



of the way, to knock down ; to tear to 
pieces ; to worry. 

BHAlSTB^f ^nS'f' A casteof Khaitris, 

BHANDsSf. i». An actor, a mimic, 

a buffoon, one who sings or recites verses 
in abuse of another, with a view to 
injure his character ; one who lampoons 


8. m. Corrupted from 

the Sanskrit word Bhdndak. A household 
vessel, a dish, a pot, a pan : — sahhnd ate 
halkd bhdndd bahui, or bahun kharake, 
or kharkdd hau An empty or light vessel 
makes a great noise. — Prov. used of 
noisy fools. (Empty vessels make most 
sound) \—(M.) A government granary. 
Under the Sikh government, large 
domed buildings called Bhdndds, were 
erected at the head-quarters of the 
Districts (Kdrddrs) in which grain paid 
in as revenue was stored. Part of the 
work of the local officers was to sell this 
grain by auction at the Bhdndds. 


( 122 ) 


BHANDAR sS^g*. m. A treasury; 

a store-house, godown, warehouse ; a 
sddhu or fdqir^s kitchen ; a sddhu*8 
food ; the stomach ; a company of girls or 
women met for spinning. 

BHANDARA ^grgr #. m. a sadhd or 

fagir*t cooking place ; a fagtr or sddhu^s 
food, a feast given to sddhus. 

US*/ ) 

^ «. VI. ^ 

A trea- 
surer ; 

BHAlJipARf ^gr 

a storekeeper ; a sddhu's or faqtr*8 cook, 
a house steward ; a caste of Khattris, 
a person belonging to that caste : — data 
de^ bhanddri da pe{ phafe. The bene- 
volent gives, but the steward sorely 
grieves. — Prov. used of those who become 
jealous when they see another pros- 

BHANPE JANA ^%1V^ ) v. n. 

BHAlSipiA jA^jtA §^riVWS^ ) s®® 

Bluindi hand in Bhand^' 


prep. With reference to. 

with regard to, in the estimation of, i 
the favour of. 

BHANE JA c|^t4l f . m. (M.) A si.. 

ter*s son. 

BHANBjf g^tft #. /. (MO A sister', 


BHANE WOISI JAWAf ^j^ j'^^ i ^ f 

#. m. (Pot.) A sister's daughter's has. 

BHANEO NjOH fl A W 6 ) 


#. /. (Pot.) A sister's son's wife. 


9. m. A sister*! 

BHAlJpf ^^ «. /. Slander, infamy, 

bad reputation, ignominy, ill-fame, 
abuse, injury : — Bhandi hond or machnd^ 
V. fi. To be defamed, to be abused, to be 
slandered, to be rendered infamous. 

BHANpigrA ^iW^v. a. To slander, 

to abuse, to defame, to injure one's repu- 
tation, to hold one up to ridicule in his 

BHAljipSARADHf #37^^^^ #. /. 

Abuse, defaming, slander, calumniating, 


BHANpiJA ^gW 9. m. An abusive 

song or recitation, words composed and ^ ^ ._ ^,.^^ 

uttered to defame another's character. gd ha4dhndyV.n, Tomakeupadeficiencv 

ter's daughter. 

BHANG ^gr)#./. An intoxicating 
BHANG grgf j drug or potion mad« 

from the leaves of Cannabis Sattva : 

bhang de bhdrejdndor gudchnd^ v. n. To h% 
wasted, to be cast to the winds :— bhang 
de bhdre gudund^ v. a. To cause to be des- 
troyed, to cause to be cast to the winds. 

BHANG &3is. /. Breaking, inju- 

ry, destruction, pause, intermission. 

BHA'IJGA grgp ,. m. (M.) a share. 

BHANGGA grgfr ,. m. Defect, injury; 
fault, interraption ; damage, loss : — bhdng^ 


( 123 ) 


or loss:— o^Za pickhld bhdnggd kaddJ^ 
?a, V. n. To make up for past and 
fatiire losses. 

n \^ 

BHANGGAN W^TS s. /. A woman 

who drinks bhang; a female of the 
•weeper caste; also a woman belonging to 
the Bhanggi Misal. 

BHANGGA? ^W? «. m. One addicted 

io, or intoxicated with bhang ; a foolish, 
stnpid person ; a talkative person :— ' 
hhanggar khdnd, a. m. A bhang shop, a 
place where bhang is prepared or sold. 

i^ s. m.) 

O w 

BHANGGARA gBra» ) .. m. An earth 
BHAISIQGArA f gfigrf bronght from 
the shrine of Nagdhd.' 

BHANGGBRA J jl d' «. 

deals in bhang 

«. m. ) 

A cradle, 
the seat 

To sleep in a cradle ; to enjoy lif^ to b» 

Far"" ■"' ^-o^-Bfui'd^ing 1": 

BHA^GGU i|f^,^. A tribe of /a/.. 

BHANGBA iBrai ) .. «. A danc. 
«^^^GRA grgjgrf ,hich i, often 
danced in villages; c w. ^«grf. 

BHANGTJS igpi ,. 
aboriginal tribe. 

BHAW #?T .. / Defeat, flight; 
who I J^t 'ZidL?T^^^J^'^ *^« San': 


«»• (If .J An 

BHAlsrOQBRiA HOIA # gifew 
vltcW a. Intoxicated with bhang. 

BHAl^QGBB KHAnI #^^^251 

BHANGGf igi^ .. «. One who drinks 

tiV'S^u^ °^ ^^^ *''«'^« ^^^ion or MuaU 
of the Sikh Common-wealth that flourish- 
ed Wore Maharaja Ranjit Singh acquir- 
ed fall power, and from many of whom 
he conqaered a large portion of their 
dominions ; a man belonging to that Misal 
!j °1 Ji* sweeper caate ; one intoxicat- 
ed with bhang ; a foolish, stnpid or talka. 
«ve person. "" 

BHANGQtf B f^ ,. „. chand soaked 

»nd eaten either raw or cooked in 
^ or oil, with salt and other condi- 



»• «. A sister's son, » 

BHA^jjr gTs?ft ) .. /. A .i.f,, 

BHAlSIJr g,^ ] d^ht,,^ ^ ^^ 

ce, oh- 


BHAwf gitft ,. /. Hindnu, 

stacle, opposition ; prejudicing the .„ 
terests of another -.-bhdnji mdr , « a' 
marplot, a killjoy. See ^aW' '^ 

BHAiifjfN giHl./. (ar; Coi^pted 

from the Sanskrit word Bhdj; lit. A share • 
the share of cotton which is eiyen^' 
wages to the women who pick it u 
vanes from one-fourth to one-aixW-A. 
of the quantity picked. When i?:™! 
8 abundant, and the picking sewon^t 
Its prime, the share of tho^piS t 
small ; but when the crop is sS and 
picking laborious, the sWe U Se 
*er chune U adh set Uhdnjin. What T nJ^T 
one seer and expect half ^ 'wages I-p'^'^^ 
used of those who pay too mich for ^7 


( 124 ) BHAPPA 

down at the 

bhannmAn gs 


heel (a shoe). 

BBU^lirof Se^n \s. m. A sister's 
BHANOJA '3^W Ihasband, a bro- 
BHANOlJilJA g^iqi I ther-in-law. 
BHA^OYA g^5p ) 

work done on an emergency ; also used 
of those who expect too much. 

BHANMATA WT^HS^ 8. m.) Cormpt- 

BHANMATf gr^jf^ '• /■ ) ®^ ^™ 

the Sanskrit word Bhdnumati. A jnggler, 
conjurer ; the feats performed by jug- 
glers ; jugglery, legerdemain, sleight of- 

BHANN g^ *• "W^* -A. crease, a mark 

produced by doubling or folding ; broken 
pieces of Reed mingled with cotton : — 
*. /. Beating, striking, breaking ; c. w. 
ckdrhniy khdniy suftnd or suttni : — bhann 
ghar, s. m., /. Tearing and mending, 
Di*eaking and making ; doing now 
this and now that, not pursuing any 
settled plan ; turning down, twisting, 
spraining ; change of money ; getting 
money in some way or other ; c. w, 
hhann ghar kamd, 

BHANNA 3252? v, a. To break ; to 

twist : — ghar or jhuggd hThaiwd^ v, a. To 
break open, (a house), to commit burg, 
lary: — haul karar hhanmdj v, o. To 
break a promise or vow : — bukkal vichch 
rori bhcMndf v. a, lit. To break a lump 
of gur (crude sugar) under the arm ; to 
keep secxret, to whisper into one's ears. 

BHANNF grST^ s. /. Backbiting; 

opposition ; defect, fault ; placing ob- 
stacles, hindering : — bhdnnt mdrnty v, a. 
To place obstacles in one's way ; to 
find out all one's faults in his absence 
with a view to thwart one's plans or 
projects ; to backbite ; to oppose, to 

BHANSALf gr^TTO^ #. fn. (M,) A 


s. m. Sort, kind, class ; 

way, manner, method : — bhdnt bhdnt de^ 
a. Of various sorts, of different kinds, 
miscellaneous, multifarious : — bhdnt bhdnt ^ 
di boll bolna, v. n. To prevaricate, 
to lie. 

BHANWAR g^g #. /. Awhiilpool 


bhanwarA ^^^ i 

I *. m. 

J bee. 

A bumble 
a lai^ 

black bee, a beetle found on lotnii 
flowers : — bhanwar kali, a, /. A kind of 
halter or chain Xf or horses, and dogs) ; 
a swivel. 

f ) «. m. A sis . 
fj ) ter's has- 

bhanwayyA gs^iin 

BHANwrYYA gs^ 


BHAPH gr^ #. /. steam, vapour ; ©r. 

halation ; — bJidph dund, or ehhaddnd, or 
nikalnd, v. n. To emit steam, vapour : — 
bhdph dend, deni, r. n. To steam (medici- 
nally) as in a vapour bath ; to steam 
(clothes as the washermen do) ; — bhdph 
laind, v, a. To inhale steam (msdici. 

BHAPHArA sI^I^I 8 m. The inhala- 
tion of steam (medicinally) ; c. w, laind^ 

BHAPHlirA gi^STr.a. To inhale steam 

(medicinally^ ; to know, to understand 
by signs, to find out, to comprehend. 

BHAPPA gifr ,. m. a kind of pottage. 

or porridge, made by grinding grain 
coarsely, and boiling it in water ; rice 
overboiled, so that the grains are in a 


( 125 ) 


nieaHure dissolved, and adhere to one 
another in a mass instead of being 
separate ; rice and ddl boiled together, 
a term of endearment, used by mothera 
to their childi*en. 

BHAR sl^ $, m, Falness, abundance, 

plenty ; force, stress ; an imperative of 
V. n. Bkamd ; — ad. But, even ; — a. 
Full, whole, entire, all, whole, up to, as 
much, as far as, e. g. ser bhar, full one «er, 
umar bhar, during tiie whole of life: — bJnir 
dundt V. n. To be full (heart), to be 
touched, to be melted : — angUr bhar dund, 
V. n. To heal by g^nulations ; to 
granulate, (a wound) : — bkar dend^ v. a. 
To fill up ; to pav (a debt) ; to make 
one pay ; to make one prosperous or 
rich : — gudhi bhamd, v, a. To give 
evidence ; see also Bhamd : — bhar jdnd^ 
V. n. To be filled : — ka/pre bhar jdnd, 
V. n. To be soaked or polluted (clothes) : 
— meld bhar jdnd, v. n. To be crowded 
(a fair) : — pair bhar jdnd^ r. n. To be 
polluted (a foot) : — bhar pdund^ v. n. To 
. receive in full, to be paid in full ; to 
be discharged or liquidated (a debt) ; 
to be satisfied ; to get a due reward 
for one's deeds ; met. to be denied one's 
due rewards or rights, or privileges ; 
— phord bhar jdnd^ v. n. To be full or 
ripe (a boil) ; met. to be full to bursting: 
— bharpur, a. Full, filled up, brimful, 
replete ; present, omniscient (a title of 
the Supreme Being) ; saturated, cramm- 
ed ; complete ; satisfactory : — tMn or 
jagah bhar jdnd, v. n. To be filled or 
crowded, to safEocation ; to be inundated. 


8. f. The price of the pros- 

titution of a wife, daughter, or other 
female relative ; c. w, kluini ;— *. w. (M.) 
An oven. 

BHAR 3Tg[ 8, m. A load, a burden, 

weight : — bhdr chafhdtmd, v. a. lit. To 
put one under a burden ; to make one 
under an obligation, to oblige : — bhdr 
charhnd, v. n. lit. ^To be under 
burden ; to be under obligation, to be 
obliged : — bhdr utdrnd^ v. a. To help 
to set down a load or burden, to get 
rid of a burden or responsibility ; to 
discharge or perform one's duty ; to re- 
deem, to deliver from ; to make atone- 

ment : — bhdr uiTuind, v. a. To lift up a 
burden ; to be responsible for another ; 
to help another :—bhdr vichch dund, v. n. 
To be conceited, to be proud ; to show 
unwillingness to do something for an- 
other so that he may promise to help in 
one's own emergency and need ; or to 
rouse in him a feeling of gratitude :— 
bhdr vanddnd, or vanddund, v. a. lit. To 
divide a burden ; to help one ; to rclievts 
one from responsibility ; to assist one in 
distress i—munh de bhar dtggnd, v. n. To 
fall on the face or headlong ; to lose the 
whole of one's property. 

BHARA S^i^i o. Heavy, burdensome, 

fat, bulky ; ill, aching ; onerous, diflS- 
cult ; valuable, precious ; conceited, 
proud : — bhdrd gaurd, a. Grave, solemn ; 
patient, not liable to provocation ; c. w. 
bhdrd gaurd hand or ho rahind ; — *. w. (M.) 
Fees paid for catching fish. 

BHA^A grgfT ,. /. Rent, hire, fare :— 

bhdfG dd tattu, 8. m. A hired pony ; the 
slave of necessity or habit. 

BHARA 'g^ a. Corrupted from th« 

Sanskrit word Bhardtd. Brother ; coi^w 
sin; friend. 

BHARA-DBNA g^T^^ v. a. Sea 

BHARAr ggr^ *./. Reading, teach- 
ing ; compensation for the same : — lardi 
bhardi, 8. f. Fighting, quarrelling. 

BHARAr ggr;^ 8. m. Acfeseof Mii- 

hammadans whose profession is to beat 
drums and play fiddles, and 8in«> songs 
(geiierally in pi*aise of the Pir of Nigdhd.) 
as they go begging; a man belonging to 
that caste ; a drummer ; a devotee iur 
charge of a shrine or tomb ; — 8. f. 
Filling anything, price paid for filling ; 
fees paid to a watei-caiTier. 






A iemAU 


( 126 ) 


B HA RAN gigj^ V. n. (M.) To spread 
or bring out from a kiln. 

BHARANT ^^ *. /. gee Bharautl 


s. f. (8.) Wandering, 

going astray ; error, mistake ; ignorance 
(especially in religious matters) ; devia- 
tion from the path of truth ; misconcep- 
tion concerning divine knowledge; doubt, 

BHARA'R sT^T^ g, m. A large rent in 
a garment. 

BHA^AS ggn? «./. The steam which 

issues from the heated earth after the 
iirst rains ; the heat which is spon- 
taneously generated in moist substances ; 
c. w. laggnd. 


8. m. Corrupted 

fix)m the Sanskrit word Bharu^ta, 
Degraded, debauched ; pollutad ; vicious, 
desolate, impure; unclean, corrupt; c. w. 
kamd, hond, jdnd. 

BHARASHTiirAgg^f^STn «.„. See 
BHARASTOA ^riH^^ I J Bharuhf. 

BHA^ASNA g^TTTc^T V, a. To become 

hot spontaneously (as in the course of 
fermentation, or in moist substances) 
used commonly in the|?ar^ form, hhardsid 
lioidy heated ; to emit a bad smell. 

BHARAU gg 8, m. (K.) A small hut 
where water is kept for travellers. 

BHARAU ggr^ 8. m. Brother; 
fxiend ;—intj. pi brothers ! O friends ! 

BHARAUN g^ ,. m. (K) A fee 

paid to the man who divides the grain 
between proprietor and tenant. 


V. a. See Bhar^ 


BHARAU^irA o{^lQc^l i;. a. Cormptcd 

from the Hindi word Fhadhdnd, which is a 
corruption of the Sanskrit word Path. 
To cause to read or study, to teach, "to 
instruct, to counsel, to advise ; to caase 
to be read or studied ; to bring together ; 
to bring into hostile contact, to foment a 
quarrel, to cause a fight. 

BHARAUT g^^ ,. /. Filling (as of a 
hole or ditch; ; style. 

BHARAUTf g^Ht ,. /. Advising 

against any measure, or in opposition to 
the will of another, giving contrary 
advice ; c. w. bhardunL 

BHARAWA sfd'sfl 8. m. Clothing, 

dress; fashion of dressinif \—inti. O 
brother! O friend! 

BHARBA gg^ #. m. See Bharhdu, 

BHARBAT gU^rg ^ ^. The time, 

from 3 a. m. to daybreak ; a name of a 
rdg, or mode of music. 

BHARBATr ^d^ljt «. /. A name of 
a Rdgni. 

BHARBATTA gg^^ 8. m. The eye- 
brow; t. q, BharwaUd, 

BHARBAU gcW^^ 8. m. Custom, 
habit ; revolution of time. 

BHARBHA5AU5?A ^^^S^lQd* t. n. 

To crackle, to blaze ; to flame up suddenly 
(fire) ; to start with terror, to start in 
sleep, to be terrified or confused. 


( 127 ) 


BHARBHARf ^^siS */. A sudden 

nse in the market price of grain ; wonder, 
alarm ; o. tr. laggani, lagg utthni. 

BHA^BHt^NJA SftgtlT^. m. ) One 


BHAJ^BHt^Njf g^ 

follows the trade of roasting gi'ain. 

BHARDAH Siriti^ii */. Intense thirst; 
great heat (of the sun.) 

BHARDAN Sdt;'A «•> *• ^- Leading, 

respectable ; president of any society, 
leader ; Tnet, in bad sense : — chor uchakkd 
chauhdrij gunddi rann bharddn : — thieves 
pickpockets and rascals are headmen and 
leaders, and profligate women are the 
respectable. — Prov. nsed of those who 
being immoral and impostors pretend to 
lead societies and be reformers, or of those 
who exercise inflnence over the people by 
machinations and deceptions. 

BHARELI o|9^ 8. /. An enigma, a 

BHARERA g%B! a. Heavy, weighty, 
fat; elderly; valuable. 

BHARf g^ *. /. A cooly's load fof 

grass, grain, wood), a sheaf of straw or 
of unthreshed grain : — hari hhari^ a., 
*./. Pregnant, prosperous ; one who has 
many children. 

BHARf gr^ 8, m. One who lets out 

oxen, carts and asses on hire, one who 
carries a load for hire, a pack carrier. 

BHARr ofi^l a. Heavy, burdensome, 

weighty; large, bulky, voluminous; 
swollen, fat; onerous, difficult ; valuable, 
costly ; sick, aching ; severe, serious ; 
dangerous; — aggd hhdri hand^ v. n. lit. 
To be heavy in front ; to be pregnant : 
"^ggd hhdri kamd, v. n. lit, to make 
the future heavy, or full of troubles, t. e,, 
^ commit sins:— au'rf; bhdri hond, 

V. n. To become hoarse or to have 
a husky voice : — uh than bhdri hai^ khabar- 
ddr othe nan jdtn. That place is haunted 
by evil spirits, mind that you do not go 
there : — sir bhdri hond, v. n. To have a 
headache : — eh din merewdste bhdri hain. 
These days are un propitious to me :^eh 
chij nd kitdin, bhdri hai. Do not eat this 
thing, it is indigestible. 

3HARIA 3f^YHT a. Filled :-War*a 

hoid^ a. To be bursting with rage : — 
bharid pitd, a. Filled with anger, in a 
rage, very angry. 

BHARIlSip gf^ *. m. A red wasp. 

BHARINGGf gf^gf^ *./. A medicinal 

wood brought from the hills, (Clerodendon 

BHARISHT gfeir^ ) a. Corrupted from 
BHARIST ^fan^ J the Sanskrit word 

Bhrashf, See Bharasht 

BHARIST5?A ^Pd i^<J^ T J becursed, 

to be damned, to be rebuked severely; 
to be impure, to be polluted. 

BHARjAf gUfTT^ ,. /. A wife of 
brother, cousin, or a friend. 


BHARK g^oT 8. f. Splendour, ele- 

gance ; blaze, flash ; ostentation ; explo- 
sion, burst ; rage, fury, passion. 

BHARKXUNA g3ofT§ST v. a. Cau- 
sative of Bharknd. 

BHA9KEL '3^7S «. Timorous, 
easily alarmed, wild, untamed (a cow.) 

BHA^Kr '3^o(\ 8, /. Intense thirst, 


( 128 ) 


thirst in feverishness ; terrifying words, 
. language adapted to alarm a person, and 
bring him to accede to one's views ; 
flying off or starting suddenly ; c. w, dem, 

BHA^KfLA gasftW^a. Splendid, shin- 
ing; alarming. 

BHARKisrA sl^otc^l V. n. To burst 

forth, to take fire ; to be passionate or 
bum with fierceness ; to speak sharply or 
harshly ; to be angry, to be incensed. 


s. m. Doubt, suspi- 

cion, misapprehension, error, mistake, 
deviation ; credit, character, reputation : 
— bharm bhd bannd or handund, v, n. 
To establish one's credit or reputation : 
— bharm ddr, a. Doubtful, uncertain, of 
doubtful reputation ; credible : — bharm 
harndy v, a. To question ; to doubt, to 
suspect : — hha/rm bhd jdnde rahindy v, n. 
To be betrayed (a secret) or exposed 
(pretension) ; to be discredited : — bharm 
gudnd, or gudundy v. a. To remove doubt ; 
to lose one's credit or character. 

BHARMAR 3ar>TO *•/• A blunder- 

BHARMARDANA ggWdtf^A' « fear- 
less, undaunted; brave, resolute; bold, 
courageous (used generally with the 
imperative ho) i—odardd kefin hain- 
bharmarddnd ho ! Why do you despair ? 
' be courageous ! 

V. a. 



deceive, to bring into error ; to delude, 
to induce, to gull, to perplex. 

BHARMr SUlft ) «• Suspicious, 
BHARMfLA ggjflW ) ^^^^*^^^' '^- 

certain, needlessly scrupulous, mistaken, 
being in error or doubt (especially in 
religiouB matters.) 

BHARM^A ggUST V. n. To be in 

error, to doubt, to be in suspense or 
uncertainty ; to go astray, to wander, to 
travel from one place to another, or one 
country to another, for the sake pf cheer- 
ing one's mind. 

BHARNA gg^T V. n., o. To be full or 

filled up ; to be complete ; to b© poured 
in ; to be stored, to be accumulated ; to 
pay (a Eundt, debt) ; to be refunded or 
liquidated (a debt) ; to be satisfied ; to 
be compensated ; to . bear, endure, to 
suffer : — band4k yd top hhamd^ v, a. To 
charge or load a gun : — chauki bharnd^ 
V. n. To pass the night at a sknne 
with a view to make offenngs: — 
jarmdnd bhamd, v, a. To pay a fine : — 
angur bhamd, v. o. To granulate or 
heal (a wound) : — khet or paili bhamd, 
u. a. To water or irrigate (afield): — 
rang bhwmd^ v, a. To paint at oolonr 
(a picture) : — haprebhamd, v. n. ¥o soak 
(clothes) : — lahu nil hatth bhamd^ v. ». 
To defile the hands with blood ; to be mer- 
ciless or fight hard :—pdn% bliarnd, v, a. 
To give water (as a water carrier doee) ; 
mei, to be subordinate, to seek any cme's 
favour or help. 

BHARNf gg^ s. f. The syrup that 

separates from sugar when placed in the 
sun to dry, a superior kind of molasses ; 
enjoy ; reward i—jaisi kami iaisi bhar7ii. 
As you do so will you get. 

BHARO g^ «. «»• A watering place 

for travellers furnished with vesseli 
ready filled with water ; i. 3. ChhabiL 

BHAROf a5^ ) »• «*• ^^® ^^^ 

BHAROiA ggfenpj ^^^^^ ^p^^ 

travellers at a Bharo. 

BHAROL gt?5 •. m. (M.) The axle of 
the horizontal wheel ; i. g. Takkld. 



( 129 ) 


BHABOLA 3fd?5' )#. m. A clay re- 

BHAftOLA ifSW } c^P^^^l® ^01* grain, 

an eartben bin, in tbe sbape of bay- 
stack, used for holding grain ; —a. met. 
Fat; swollen : — ndiydn dd hharoUj s, m. 
lit. Barber*8 bin : met. a term nsed by 
jugglers (wbo tame bears and get 
their livlibood by exhibiting them) to- 
wards their bears when they perform : 
— 9ujj he bharold Jumdj v. n. To swell 
to tbe extreme ; to be very angry. 

BHAJELOLf slr(^ '• ^* A small clay 

receptacle for holding grain ; an earth- 
en bin for holding cpoking pots or milk 

BHAROSSA 9qIP $. m. Corraptad from 

the Sansknt word Vardthd. Belief, 
faith; trust, hope, expectation. See 

BHAROTA 0dC' #. m. ) A small ban- 
BHAROrr g^^ f./. ) die of grass, 

unthreshed grain, wood. 

BHART sidd '• m- ^^ Alloy of cop- 
per and lead; material for filling up 
hollows ; met. belly i-^^bhart hhamdj v. n. 
To fill, to stuff ; to supply a deficiency : — 
ierd hhart nahtn hharadj lit. Tour belly 
does not fill ; — Prov. applied to those 
who are avaricious or gormandise. 

bhartA 993T 
bharthA 337 


m. A husband, 

BHARTHA 399 «. ml A preparation 

of the batdum or brinjal made by roast- 
ing in hot-ashes, and eaten with salt 
and condiments : — bhafthd Jumd^ v, n. 
To roast a brinjal in hot ashes ; 
mH. to be burst ; to be decayed ; to be 
overdone ; c. w. kamd. 

BHA^THt} VW^ '• m* Noise, chfcmour, 
uproar, din ; e. to. machdund^ pdund. 

BHARTf 33^,./. Material of wood, 

earth, or rags for filling up a oavity ; 
burden, freight, means of freight ; enlist- 
ment, enrolment, recruiting ; — (i. Enlist- 
ed, enrolled ;— *. w. (M,) A way of using 
the p/pd (a dnr measure) :'-bh4irti bhama, 
V. a. A padding of rags ; to load beasts 
of burden ; to fill vacancy or empty 
place i—bhartt homd, v. n. To be enlisted 

or recruited for an army or police : 

bhartt Aamd, t>. a. To fill or load ; to 
accumulate or store up ; to raise (an 
army of soldiers), to enrol or recruit; 
to supply or give nourishing or nutri- 
tious food : — bhartipdusdj v, a. To fill 
up an empty place to ceil or roof. . 

BHARtJA 9^ i, m. A pimp, a 

pander ; a man without shame : — bhardd^ 
ptm, bharudpund, ». m Pandering to the 
lusts of others, the business of a pimp. 

BHAR17HNA SlgOd> > v. a. To strip 
BHARir^rA gggpi J the bark off a 
tree ; i. q, BharHh^. 

BHARUNNf gg?r1,. /. (M.) A 

beam below the horisontal wheel corres- 
pondihg to the ««;«?, on which the 
axle of the chakli or chvhakhli rests 


V. a. See 

BHARWAr Sa^n^*./ Causiiigto 
be filled up ; wages paid for filling. 

BHARWANA srd^>A> *./. (M.) The 
name of a tribe. 

BHARWANNr ^d^A^I #. m. (M.) 

A block'jrf wood, in the centre of which 
a small hollow is made, into which 
the axle of the horiaontal ^heel fits 
and revolves. On the edge of the 
BharuHMni one end of the axle ol the 
vertical wheel also rests and revslves. 


( 130 ) 





armlet with ah amdlet, the eyebrows j 
t. q, Baivai.d, 

BHARWAU5?A gg^T^^T v, a. To 

cause to be filled ; to cause to be paid, 
to cause to be taken (water) ; to cause 
to be reitored or made good. 

BHAS gn? *. m. Light ; steam :—blids- 
kar or bhdsmdny i . m. The sun. 



) the 

Corrupted from 
Sanskrit word 

Bhdsha. Speech, form of speech; a 
dialect or language. 

BHASA gW «. «^. Sour, acrid (an 
eructation) heartburn ; i. q. Bhashhcud. 



Bumed, reduced to ashes : — hhasam lagd* 
und, V. a. To smear the body with 
ashes : — hhaaam kamdy t?. a. To bum or 
reduce to ashes : — hhasam hond, v. n. To 
be consumed, to be reduced to ashes ; to 
be digested or assimilated. 

BHASAR grra »• /• Eating greedily: 

— hJuLsar hhasar khdnd^ v. a. To eat un- 
couthly and greedily, to eat whatever 
comes to hand. 

BHAS-BHASA gUgTlT a. Sour, acrid 
(wind from the stomach.) 

BHAStjTA giHc^' V. a. To see, to per- 
ceive, to know, to jadge ; — v. n. To 
appear or to be, to bo known. 

BHASNABHtJs giK^^o. Entirely 

BHASS gjT s. /. Ashes : — hhas$ dakdr, 

s. m. Belching, acrid eructation, indiges- 
tion ; — bhass khardhhd^ s. m. Devasta- 
tion, desolation, ruin; difficulty, per- 

BH ASS AR '3K3 a. Dusty (land.) 
BHASSf gift s. /. Dust. 

BHASSRA gjfgr*. m. a kind of 

grass with small burs that adhere to 
the clothes. 



f. m. Boiled rice; i. q. 

BHATAKNA gScT^T V. n. See 

BHATA^f ac!'<^ «./. A female of the 
Bhatf caste ; i. q. Bhattani, 

BHATER o{9d «. w. A head cook. 

BHATETA g5<n t. wi. ) The child of 

BHAfETr g$^ *• /• ) a ^^H \ »!«> 

(in disrespect) any one of the Bhaff caste 

BHATHIAlA gfentnSST *. m. ] a small 
BHATHIAl! gfeWt5^«, /. [furnace 
BHATHIAR gf^SYlF? «• *»• ) or oven 

for parching or roasting grain ; the shop 
of a grain purcher: — bhafhidr khdna, 
8, m. The shop of a gi*ain parcher ; an 
inn, caravansarai, an eating house : — 
hhathidr pundi 8. m. The business of a 

8» m. 

bhathiArA gfeW3^ 


bhathiAra^ sf^^Mi^S «./• 

BHAfHlARf Sf^YHT^ »• /• 


( 131 ) 


sutler, an innkeeper, one who lets rooms 
to or prepares victuals for travellers in 
a sard J one who parches grain for sale. 

BHATHORt^ sod \ *. m. A cake 
BHATHITHAR 360d I of leavened 
BHATHt^HRA 360d' j bread; bread 
BHATHIJrA gsgr } cooked with 
leavened flour or yeast to make it rise. 

BHAt! gr^ «. / fM.) a rent-free 
grant of land to a Brahman. 

BHATf W^ *• /• ^^^^ bestowed in 

alms on a Brahman or fakir by a ruler : 
— hhdti ddr, 8. m. One to whom land is 
given as Bhdfi. 

BHAtI A W^tW '• ***• ^ Hindu caste, 
a man belonging to that caste. 


a. Wandering, 

BHATf JA slJltfl 
BHATrrA S^tlifT 

#. m. A brother's 

son, a nephew : — 

hhatij hdhu or 

tuwfc, 8. /. A brother's daughter-in- 

BHATf Jf Slsfitfl ) #. /. A brother's 
BHATf Y ' ^^U\ J daughter, a niece. 

BHATKA g^oT*. w. Anxiety; long- 
ing; doubt, suspense; fear. 

BHA^KANA BZSCSf V- ^' To wander 

hither or thither, to go astray ; to miss 
the right path, to take the wrong way ; 
to wander after, to long or pine for ; to 
deviate from the right path. 

BHATKAUJirA g^ofrfst V. a. To 

mislead, to bewilder, to deceive, to scare, 
to cause to wander. See Bhafkand. 

going astray ; deviating from the right 
path ; longing for, wandering after : — 
bhafkdd da phirnd, v, n. See Bhafknd : — 
inerdji las&i nun bhatkdd hai. I have a 
longing desire for buttermilk : — keun 
hhafkdd phirdd hain,jo ktLchh naaibdn dd 
hai 8oi mil jdwegd. Why are you 
wandering hither and thithtr ? whatever 
is fated for you, that only you will get : — 
Prov. used of those who are making 
futile efforts. 

s. /. A female of the 

Bhatt tribe. 

BHATONA g^T a. (K.) Mad, 


BHATORir 3HB *. nt. (K.) BhaihorA. 

s, in,, i 
s.f. J 

A low caste of 
Brahmans who 

subsist by begging and assume various 
disguises to pass for gddhus (devpteesji a 
person belonging to that caste. 

BHATRf W3€\ ) B, /. 
BHATBf Jf gn^ V ^^ 

(M,) A 

daughter, a niece. 

BHATRf JA SfddlHI ) *. w. A bro- 
BHATRfrA ^aJjlH ' ) *^®^'» ^on; 
a nephew. 


8. m. A bard) a division 

of Brahmans who sing in praise of 
persons in the hope of remuneration ; 
a learned man, a scholar, a philosopher. 


8. m. (K.) Boiled rice : — 

pahdfi mitt kiake bhatt khde tekhiake. With 
whom do the hill folk have friendship ? 
whenever they have eaten one's cooked 
rice away they go ! — Prov. used of those 
who never come ne6r a pei'Son after they 
attain their object. 


( 132 ) 



s. m. Food taken to 

fanners and agricnitarists while at 
work in the fields ; additional allowance ; 
travelling allowance ; extra pay to public 
servants or soldiers. 

BHATTAN 3375 *. m. (K.) A mallet 
for breaking clods. 

BHATTA^jrf ^ 

A female of 
the Bhaft caste. 


bhattehAbA S^'U^ i 

BHATTEHABf wi'iir^ 

BUATTf 3c T '. m. The name of a 
caste of SdjpuU. 

BHATTf 'S'^ «. /. Food prepared for 

the family of a deceased person bj a 
relation or friend ; grain given by a 
zamindar to a blacksmith as payment 
for farm implements. 

BHATTIAR sf^bf^ ) *. m. 
BHATTIArA yfffin i gi ) Bhattehdi 

BHATTNf S^ct 9' /• A female of 
the Bhatt caste. See Bhattani, 

A person who takes food to labonrers in 
the field. 

BHAT7H 35" 9. m. A grain parcher's 

oven ; a fnmace, a kiln : — hhaffh pat 
oh Bond jehfd Jcanndn win gdle. Golden 
ear*rings that pain the ear, or cut the 
flesh, should be thrown into a furnace. — 
ProY. used of anything which, though 
precious, pains the wearer. 

BHATTHA 36' «• m* -^ furnace, an 
oven, a kiln ; a brick-kiln. 

BHATTHf 33^ «. /. A small 

furnace or oven; a grain parcher's shop ; 
a kiln, a brick-kiln ; a distillery, a distil- 
ler's fireplace ; a washerman's cauldron ; 
e. w. eharhdundy ehdrhnd ; — (M.) A place 
where indigo is dried. The sediment 
of indigo from the vats is placed on a 
cloth on sandy ground. No precautions 
are taken to prevent the sand from blow- 
ing into the indigo ; this is thought rather 
an advantaffe than otherwise, for 
the sand increases the weight of 
the indigo : — hhafthi hharan^ v. n. 
To spread indigo out to dry. 


I «. m. A cake 
i of fermented 

bread ; t . q. 

BHAU V '• ^- Fear, terror, alarm, 
dread, danger, awe, haaard ; •. q. BhaL 

BHAU 3^ '- ^* -^ bugbear, a hobgob- 
lin, an imaginary being held in 
ierrorem over children ; i. q. Bhaid^ h4a. 

BBL&U 3^ '- ^* Rftte, price; value 

profit, advantage : — ddar hkdu^ hhdu 
bhagtU^ 9. m. Respect, treatment, rever- 
ence, courtesy, munificence, goodness : — 
hhdu bhaUd^ bhuttd^ «. m. Ri^ price, 

BHAt) 3^ '• f*** (^0 A brother, a 

little boy; ft form of address to kill 

BHAtJA 3§W *. «»• Terror. See 


( 133 ) 


BHAUJAL §tT75 s. m. See Bhaijal 

BHAULf §5^ ) s. m. (M.) Paying 
BHAULl ^lQ(V^ ) a share of the pro- 
duce as revenue or rent, the cutting 
and gathering being done vnder the 
inspection of a servant of the Gk>vem- 
ment or landlord as the case may be ; 
superintendence of the cutting of crops 
that have been raised by partners; (ap- 
praisment of a standing crop is termed 

BHAUN gT *. w. Dizziness, vertigo : 

— b?taun dend^ v. a. To turn one 

I'ound and round : — hhaun jdnd, v. n. 

See Bhaund: — hhaun laindj v, n. To 
turn round and ronnd, to revolve* 


) V, n. 
) to 

To bark; 
scold, to 


s. m. The temple of a 

JJevi; an ant-hill : — hhaimdn wdli ten 
iaddi jai. Oh goddess ! owner of 
shrines, be thou ever victorious I (spoken 
in praise of Devi.) 


» S^ ) V. n. 
W^ J to r 

storm ; to talk nonsense, to talk to no 
purpose ; to beat the air. 

BHAUNKAUNA g'o(lQd ' t;. a. To 

cause to bark, to cause a person to com- 
plain or fret bjr neglecting his wants, or 
disregai'ding his advice. 

8. in. A bee ; the 
soul ; a black dog : 
— hhawrkalt or 
hhaut^rkali^ *. /. 


bhaurA fgr 

A halter. 

BHAU5 #3 s. m. The sound of a shoe- 

To turn round, 
revolve, to turn 

8, m.l A 

8, /. \ JXt 

back ; to be dizzy ; to make a circuit 
in the air (as a kite or other bird) ; 
to turn or come away ; to withdraw ; to 
avoid, to shun ; to stop, to discontinue • 
to forbear ; to give up ; to abstain from. 

bhAunA ^Tggn ,. 
bhAunf ^t 

§2? 8, m. ) Choice, desire, 
@^ s. f. y will, wish, plea- 
sure, taste, preference ; belief, faith ; 
blind faith ; fancy, imagination : — 17. ». 
To be agreeable, to be pleasant, to be 
suitable ; to be beloved. 

BBA.ITlSrDtJ g^ a. Foolish, silly, simple, 

BHAXJNf §^ 8. f. The wheel over 

which a well rope passes ; a similar 
wheel in a loom* 

BHAU^lA §W 8. 
BHAU^lf g^ 

dirt off altogether prior to removal ; 
t. q. Bhahaufd, Phauhrd. 

wooden imple- 
ment for scraping 

BHAURf f ^ ) 5. /. A ring or 

BHAUlJRr g=^ J curl of hair, (man 

and some of the lower animals, as the 
horse) ; a corn on the toes ; — (Fot.) A 
wooden ring in the spindle of a wheel. 

BHAWAKKA5 S'^of^ 8, m. A butter- 
fly, a moth. 

BHAWALf Sti^T^ 8. f. (MO Division 

of a crop ; the portion of the crop which, 
under native rule, was taken as tha 
Government share and is still so taken by 
landlords, who pay the land revenue in 
cash to Government on behalf of their 


( 134 ) 


BHA'WAN 'Si^Ti v. n. (M.) To 

BHAWAN g^T 8. m. The eyebrows. 

BHAWAN 3^i *. m. A house ; a 

temple, a shrine : — Mdtd dd hhawan^ 
8. m. A shrine of Devi, 

BHAwAi^ W^ conj\ If, although. See 


B HA WANA sfl^il V. n. See Bhdund. 

BHAWA^TG 9^01 *. w*. A species of 

BHAWANf g^lj^ *. /. Fate ; the name 

of a Devi^ the goddess, of small-pox, 
and the wife of Mahddeo. 

BHAWATLf S^TeaJt)f./. Turning 
BHAWAWr g^T^^f round and 

round, vertigo: — hhawdtliydn dend, 
V. a. To turn round and round, 
to cause to make a circuit ; to marry 
a couple, a portion of the marriage 
ceremony amongst Hindus. The bride 
walks round a blazing fire thrice, 
followed by the bridegroom, and then 
the bridegroom goes round once, follow- 
ed by the bride. 

BHAWATTA g^^ a. m. See Bhar- 

BHAWEN gr^ conj. Corrupted from 

Bhdund. lit. Thou may est, a conditional 
term meaning if, I, thou, he, she, we, 
Ac., please, as bhdwen jdwe bhdwen eihe 
rake. He can go, or he can stay ; al- 
though, though ; either or whether. 

BHAWf gr^ft '• /• The immutable 

decreee or counsel of God ; the will of 
God ; fate, destiny. 



BHAWJAL ^^f^ih »■ /. The water 

or ocean of existence ; fear, danger ; 
i. q, Bhaijal, Bhainjal. 

BHAY giiT 8. w. Fear, awe, dread, 

danger : — hhaymdn, a. Fearful, afraidf 
terrified; t. q. Bhai. 

BHAY ANA sMW «• See Bhidnd. 

BHAYANAK sWT^oT a. Dreadful, 
terrible, formidable ; i. q, Bhaiydnak. 

BHAYYA gcfr 8. m. A brother ; (used 

commonly by Purhxda) ; a title given to 
Maharaja Ranjit Singh's attendants : — 
bhayyd chdrd, 8. m. Members of a com- 
munity, brethren. 

BHE 5 8. m. Corrupted from the Per- 
sian Behhy a root. The root of the water- 
lily (Neulumhiam 8pecio8um), It is used 
both medicinally and as a food ; i. a 
Bheh, Bhen 

BHED g^ *. m. A secret, a mystery ; 

difference ; — bhed dend, v. n. To give 
a clue or betray a secret : — bhed kkolnd, 
V. n. To divulge a secret, to betray : — 
bhed khulnd or khull jdnd, v. n. To be 
betrayed or exposed (a secret, a mystery): 
— bhed rakkhndy v. n. To keep secret : 
— bhed laind or pdund, v, n. To discover 
a secret, to get a clue, to spy out. 

BHEP g§r 8.f. A sheep ; met. t^ timid 

person : — bhed dd bachchd or leld, 8. m. A 


8,m. Aram;t. 7. Chhatid 



( 135 ) 


BHEDA^jI^^S 8. f. 1 One who un- 

BHBDf %^ s. m. / derstands 

BHEDf A ^^tW «• *»• ) mysteries, one 

acquainted with secret matters, or with 
another's secrets ; a secret agent, a spy ; 

BHBDI §^ *• /• ^ sheep. 

BHEDtJ §■§«• ^'f /• (^) ^ram, a 

BHEH %iS 9. m. The root of the water- 
lily. See Bhe. 

BHBKH §>* «. w- Corruption of the 

Sanskrit Vesh. Dress, manner; dis- 
<faiiie ; a sect of Hindu faqirs, such as 
Jogts, Sanydds, BairaaU, Uddsu ; e. w. 
It^ndnnd, dhdmd, kamd ; t. q- Bhes. 

BHBKH-DHARf §>f^^ ) *. m. A 
BHBKHf %\Si V S /**5»>i » 

Midh4;—a, Deceitful, dishonest, un- 
certain, unreliable, changeable. 

BHEJJA %iV «. *»• Brain ; marrow ; 
t. q. Mijjh. 

BHEJ^^A 9l4£l V- a. To send, to des- 
patch, to transmit, to remit. 

BHELA ^7? «• ♦»• Buttermilk, 

BHELLA ^75^ 5. m. ) A lump or cake 
BHELLf ^iPS ' ^ «. /• ) «^ 9^r. ^ i* is 

made up for the market, weighing two 
or three seers. 

BHELSA ^35W «. m. ) A habit, a 
BHELSf ^^jf] «. /. ^ custom ; a mis- 
take ; mistaking one person or place for 

BHElJil ^ *. wu The root of the water-lily 
See Bhe, 

BHBR ^3 9. m. Butting or fight- 
ing (cattle, sheep) ; disputing, quarrel- 
ling ; bringing together, comparison : — 
sdhndn dd bher, s. m. lit The butting 
of sacred bulls ; met the fightings or 
quarrellings of kings or great men. 

BHE^^fA 9^d;l V. a. To excite a 

quarrel; to oom|)are (especialljr ac- 
counts) ; to contribute, to give in ex- 
change ; to pay a debt ; to give an un- 
favourable answer; to shut, to close, 
to lock up. 


a. Quarrelsome, one in 

the habit of exciting quarrels i-^patthar 
hheru, 8. m. One who can make even 
the stones quarrel. 

BHES %J\ 8, m. Dress, style of dress, 

manner; disguise; c. to. hadalnd, 


8, /. A sacrifice, an offering ; 

a song of praise in honour of a Devi : 
^hhet charhdundj dend, kamd, v. a. To 
present, to offer; to sacrifice: — hhef 
hond, V. H. To be sacrificed, to fall a 
victim i-^bhet host, «• w- Bawdry, the 
business of a procurer : — bhef pujd, 8. m. 
Offerings to superiors :—hhe( pund^ i. w, 
Procuring, pimping. 

BHET %S '• *"• Corrupted from the 

Sanskrit Bhid. A secret, a mystery ; 
difference ; i. q- Bhed, 


( 136 ) 


One who dis- 
cerns or under- 

BHETf §^ 

stands mysteries, one acquainted witli 
secret things, acquainted with another's 
secrets ; a secret agent : — ghar dd bheh 
htird hundd hai, lit. The secret agent of 
the house is dangerous, i. e. a servant 
or near relative acquainted with anyone's 
scerets can ruin him by betraying them. 




9^C #. /. 1 A pimp, a go- 
s. f, ) between, a 

#. m. 

BHETH %^ s, m. (K,) The steep side 
or bank of a field, plateau or hill. 

BHEUNA sQct' 1 V. a. To wet, to 

BHEUN^jrA SG'rfn [ floa^» ^ 8*^P •— 
BHEUl^f ^Q*^ ) massu hheun hond, 

V. n. To come out or grow (whiskers), 
to arrive at the age of puberty. 

BHf ^ ad. Also, likewise, even. 

BHIAL f^YMTJS «• w- ^ partner, a co- 
sharer, one associated with another in 
any business (especially in the cultivation 
of land) '.-^hhidlpund, s. m. Partnership. 

BHiALr fenro^ i. /. Partnership 
(especially in the cultivation of land.) 

HIAnA fe>M^ «• Afraid, terrified, 

frightened :— ;;* hhidnd, a. Afraid in 
heart, heartless ; restless, agitated. 

BHICHCHHAK fegoT s. m. Corrupt- 
ed from the Sanskrit word BhUcshu. One 

who asks alms, a beggar, a mendicant. 

BHICHCHHiA fegVn^ s. m. Corrup- 
tion of the Sanskrit word Bhikshd. 
Alms, begging. 

BHip f^3 *. /. (Tot.) Corrupted from 
the Hindi word Bher. A sheep. 

BHIGAU^JtA fWdl>Q<&l V. a: To wet, to 
soak, to steep. 

BHIGGANA fedfi' t;. n. To get wet, 

to be wetted. 

BHIGGAsfedfrf I o. Injured by rain 

) a. 
f or 

BHIG05 f^B?? f ^^ moisture, (grain.) 

BHIGG^jrA fe^feTr. n. To wet, to 
Boak, to steep. 


V. a. To 

BHIJADE^jTA (s(t4"$A" 
BHIJAUNA {^f{\Q^ \ ) wet, to 

soak, to steep ; to cause to be wetted or 
soaked ; to cause to be sent ; to cause to 

run away, to defeat. 

BHIJJA^ TstT^ a. Injured by rain or 
moisture (grain) ; t. q, Bhtggar, 

BmjJNA fsTtTS' V. n. To get wet, to 
be soaked, or steeped. 

BHIJONA tsflil V. a. To wet, to 

damp, to soak or steep. 

BHIJOR f^tT3 a. Injured by moistuTe 
(grain) ; t. q. BhiJJar, Bhiggar. 


( 137 ) 


BHIKAR fesra s. m. (K.) Clods :~ 

bhikar hfydn dend, v. a. To break clods 
of earth with a mallet, as in rice-fields. 

BHIKH ^Vf *. /. Corrupted foom the 

Sanskrit word Bhikshd Alms, charity ; 
— hhikh man pi'i^ v. n. To beg, to ask 
for alm^ : — hin mdnje innfi milen ; mange 
mile nd bhlkh. Those who do not ask, 
may get pearls, but those who ask may not 
get even aliris : — Prov. used of those who 
become wealthy without any exertion, 
and of those who can get nothing not- 
withstanding all their struggles to obtain 
riches : — hhikk viangdund, v. a. To 
reduce to beggary. 

BHIKHARANfeW3S«. /• \ One who 
BHIKHA'Rr feliJT^ s- rn. 



alms, a beggar. 




rao(' 8. f. j A lump of 

tson s. m. > earth or 

%of? «./.w., J clay, a clod ; 

a mass of oilcake or other substances, 
lumps of raw sugar that have softened 
through heat or moisture and become one 
mass ; c. w. hajjhnd, hond. 

BHIKKH f^}dr 8. f. Begging ; i. q. 

BHIKKHAK feV^ «• w- One who 
begs, a beggar ; i. q, Bhichchhak. 

BHlL guS *• ''^' A tribe of freebootei*s 
in Central India. 

BHfLANf ^tro^ s. /. A female 

BHILAWA (seO'Sci *. w. a poisonous 

fruit used medicinally (Semecarpus ana- 
cardium) . 

BHfMSAIN ^hf^S s. m. One of the 

Pandus famous for his rapacity and 
great size ; a glutton ; a man of great 
size, a Hercules. 

BHfNSAINf ^hW^^ a. Delicious, 

dainty, very good : — hhrmsaini kapur, 
8. m. A superior kind of camphor 

BHINAK feSof 8. f. A low distant 

sound of flies ; buzzing, humming ; 
mraour ; intelligence, news: — hhinak painiy 
V. n. To be heard, to hear. 

BHUJTAKNA feioidl V, n. To buzz, 

to hum, to swann, to fly about 
soiling everything on which it sits (as 
a fly) ; to be spoiled by flies (food) ; to 
be injured or become mouldy by long 
lying disused : — makkhidn bhinakndy v, n. 
lit. The buzzing of flies ; to sit idle, 
to have nothing to do. 

BHflsi.BHrN #t§^*. /. The humming 
of a bee, or a wasp ; c. w. karm. 

s, m. 


Swarming, buzzing, thronging (of flies). 

bhi^bhinAuna feefcPs^A ' Qd ' t?. 

n. To swarm, to buzz, to fly about 

BHf IJip g^ 5. /. The penis of a dog. 

BHfNpf M\^ ) 8. /.A vegeta- 
BHlNpf f^ J ble. Lady's finger 

(Hibiscus esculentus) : — hkt^di tort\ s. /. 
A small gourd used as a vegetable (Lufa 


( 138 ) 


BHINDU f^ 8, m. A kind of hornet. 

BHINGGARA f^dHd^ s, m. Earth 
from the Nagdlid Shrino. 

BHINKAUNA feioJiOiT V. a. To 

cause to alight, buzz, fly about (flics) ; 
to expose to the flies: — makkhlydn 
bhinkdund, v. a. To attract flies by 
exposing food or sweets ; met. to sit^ 
idle, to have nothing to do. 

STET *• ^^- Difference, separa- 
tion : — bhinn bhinn, ad. Apart, sepa- 

BHINNA HOIA fejff^feWpar^ a. 

(irreg. from Bheund.) Wetted, steeped, 
soaked ; imbued, engrossed, engaged. 

BHINNAUt?A fkSSrfST t;. a. To be 

dizzy, to whirl round (the head), to be 

BHtR ^fe 8, f. A crowd, a multitude, 

a throng, swarm ; poverty, distress ; 
difficulty, trouble: — bhCr bhdr blur 
bhirakkd, 8. m. A crowd, a swarm of 
poojile : — bkir- hond, v. a. To be over- 
crowded : — bhir bantui^ bhlr painty v. n. 
To be en(ang"led in diilieulties: — blur 
karnd, hgdund, u. a. To crowd, to a warm. 

BHIR/^ SlST / »• Narrow, straighten- 
BITI'Rr ^I^J ed, close, tight, close- 

pa'jkcd, small. 

bhirAo fkaf^f 

BHIRAWA f^gr^ 


intj. O brother ! 
; — s. m. Brothers. 

r. a. To cause 

to fight; (cattle, sheep), to induce, to 

persuade, to instigate. 

BHIRXA fefid' V. n. To fight, to injure 

one another (cattle, sheep), sometime* 
spoken of men also as quarrelling. 

BHIRNA ^^c^I v. a. To shut, to close 
to pen, to fence, to lock up. 

BHIST fer^H *• *"• Corrupted from the 

Persian word Bihisht Paz'adise, heaven ; 
i. q. Bahisht. 

BHISTA fo^ii-5i «• wi. A water-carrier 
(humorously so called). 

BHIST Ay fkH3S s. f. ) Corrupted 

BHISTF f^K^ *• »«^ \ ^^^ *'^® ^^^' 

sian word Bihisliti. A Mahammadan 
water-carrier, a dweller in heaven ; — a. 
Relating or pertaining to paradise, 
heavenly, celestial. 

BHfT '^tSs.f. Sand; wall, a fiissure. 
BHIT f^ s. m. (Pot) A door. 

BHITAf f^^l^ s. f. Contamination, 

pollution (by touch) ; reward given to a 
go-between ; the wages of a pimp. 

BHITAUNA ferST§3^ ^' «• To cause to 

be polluted, to cause to be defiled (food) 
by touch ; to cause to prostitute, to cause 
to pimp. 

BHITT fo(^ s.f. Contamination, pollution, 

defilement (by touching food) ; t. <?. 



( 135 ) 


BHITTA fe^ ,. m, A kind of clay, 

which is dissolved in water, and used by 
schoolboys instead of ink. 

BHITTAR%e^ a. Impare, defiled, 

polluted, (as by touching an earthen 

BHITTf f^H^ s. f. A kind of food 

given to nightingales and other kept 
birds; deceipt, trick, fraud, allurement; 
knavery; ill-advice.; c. w. dend, 

BHITTNA feed* i'. a. To defile, to pel- 

lute, to render impure (as by touching 
a Hindu's food.) 

BHITTU .f^*. «i. (K) A door, apart 
of a door, a board. 

BHITTU? feg^ a. See Bhitiar, 

BHIYAK feliflSr 8.f, A place where cat- 
tle rest during the heat of the day. 

BHIYAL f^lTOS s. m. A partner 

(especially in cultivating and tilling 
land). See Bhidi • 

\ anc 

The fine dust 
and small frag- 

BHIY.4a.r f^WS^ s.f, SeeBhidlL 

BHO g 8. m. Chaff. See Bhoh ;--hJi^ 

chalnd, v. a. To wheedle, to coax, to per- 
suade, to instigate. 

nurse ; 

BHOA giTMT s. m. . A male 

the share of cotton or saffron received by 
a gatherer. 


ments that remain after removing a 
pile of dried cowdung. 

BHOCHHA §gT 5. m. Strength, energy, 

vigour, (commonly used negatively) : — 
merd bhochhd nikal giyd. My strength 
is gone, t. e. I am very tired. 


s. /., m. A woman's 

sheet or wrapper ; a kind of shawl worn 
by women. 

BHOCHHANf tg^,./. (M.J A child's 
veil or shawl, a small veil. 

/ a. Hornless, having very 
) an 


BHOpi g^ J small horns (an ox, cow) ; 

hairless, bald ; ugly, ill-favoured, shaven- 
headed (an abuse applied to women). 

BHOG #g[,. w. A gift; a delicacy, 

dainties ; offerings made to an idol- 
pleasure, enjoyment; sexual inter- 
course, animal gratification: a cere- 
mony perfoimed by the Sikhs after 

i)aAi6 (bikh scripture) :—6Aoy -*o&M, 
«• m.. Pleasure, enjoyment, sexual 
pleaauro, sexual intercourse -.—hhogkamd, 
LJ^' -^^ .^"^o °J" enjoy sexual inter- 
coarse .-iAoy lagdnnd, v. a. To oat. to 
Uke food ; to otter food or dainlies 
to an It lol ■-blu>gpdund, v. n. To read the 
whole Qranth (Silch scripture) and per- 
torm a ceremony at the close which 
cousujtsm the distribution of a sweet- 
meat called kardh. 

BHOGANiai^ ../. ^One who has 
BHOGF gg^ ». w. J abundance of 

everything, one fond of good things, 
a good liver ; a man or woman of plea.sui4 
one given up to canial pleasures, a rake a 


( 14^0 ) 


debauch eo : — hhojan hard or hart, s. m.^f. 
One fond of delicacies; one addicted to 


V. n. To enjoy, to feel 

pleasure, to relish, to revel, to have sexual 
intercourse; to bear, sufEer, endure 
(paiu or misfortune) ; to reap the fruit 
of one's evil deeds. 

BHOH 3vl «• *"• ChafE (of various 

kinds of pulse) : — hhoh hojdnd^ v. n. lit. 
To become chaff ; to be fatigued, to 
be greatly exhausted:— 6^o/i kar dend, 
V. a. lit. To reduce to chaff, to vanquish 
an adversary ; to beat mercilessly. 

BHOHA '3iP 8, m. See Bhod, 

BHOHRA gvld' '• w- -A. dungeon ; a pit 

in which potters place newly-made 
vessels to keep them moist. 

BHOJ gtT «• wi. The name of a Raja, 

yikramaditya*8 successor ; a feast held 
on the birth of a male child in honor of 
his ancestors : — hh^ parband, «. m. A 
book written in praise of Bhoj : — bhoj 
patlar, 8. m. The bark of a hill tree, 
(Betula hhojpatra) used in making um- 
brellas, tubes for huqqa^^ writing, and 
for other like purposes. 

BHOJAN Sfi^ 9, m. Pood, diet, 

provisions; victuals, bread: — hhojan 
kamdy pdund or hhojan shddan kamd^ 
V. n. To eat, to partake of food. 

BHOJKf oftHOU «. w*. The priests who 

officiate and receive the offering at the 
shrine of Bevi^ especially at Kang^a and 
Jowalamukhi. They profess to be 
Brahmins, but this is not certain. 

BHOL 935 «• /• A. mistake, an error ; 

punishment inflicted on a schoolboy for 
making errors ; c. w, dend, laind. 

BHOL A 9f35^ ) ». m. An error, a mistake, 
BHOLr 'B[^§\ ) (especially in counting) ; 

— a. Sincere, simple, simplc-mindefl, 
guileless, artless, innocent : — bhold bhdla^ 
hholi IJidli, a. Simple ; innocent : — Bhota 
ndthy 8. in. An epithet applied to Shiva. 

BHOM 9H«. m. Corrupted fi*om the 

Sanski*it word Bhumt. Land : — hhymddn^ 
8. m. Present of land to a Brahman. See 

BHON ^ 8. f. Cori'uption of the Sans- 

krit word Bhumi. Land, soil, earth ; coun- 
try, estate: — hhon8ur,8.m. lit. An earth- 
pig; a turnip (a term used by Sikhs). 

BHOl^ICHA'L Siti^ih 8. m. An earth- 
quake ; i. q. Bhochdl. 

BH014CHAL 3'tJ9S * ^-y / Compas- 
sion, perplexity; disorder, tumult. 

BHONDA gr^ a. Ugly, ill-favoured ; 
t. q. Bhundd. 

BHOR 9^ 8. m. Dawn, morning, day, 

break (generally used hy Hindus) : — 
hhoT hhor ke khdnd^ lit. To break into 
small bits and eat ; to spend money 
economically, or little by little (especially 
used of those who have no employment 
and are obliged to live sparingly on 
their savings.) 

BHORA of^i 8. m. A crumb, a small piece, 

a morsel, a little ; gold-dust : — hhard 
churdy 5. m. Crumbs of bread, chips of 

BHORHA 3BT 8. m. A dungeon. See 


( 141 ) 


BHORI sdl *•/• ^"V fi»»e powder ; per- 
suading, coaxing ; c. w. pduni, 

BHORNA W^37? v. a. To shell (maize), 

to break or crumble ; to make into pieces, 
to take dishonestly for one's own use ; to 
squeeze anything out of another. 



*. w. / Fudendunn wu- 
^7T^ i.fyliehre, Valde 

BHUAbA gnr^ s. m. a place en- 

closed with a thorn hedge, outside of 
a village, where cattle are kept ; i. n 

BHUADNA' gnnf^Tt. «. Toe 


BHOTi?X ieSIr. a. To wheedle, to 

ooax, to instigate, to flatter with the 

object of gaining an end ;— ^#. m. A 
flatterer, a deceiver. 

BIIOTO ^ #./., m. An ignorant hill 

man, an ignoramus, uaiiormed person, 
a simpleton j— a. Simple, easily duped. 

to turn, to make to revolve, to turn 
pmhibit, to interdict. 

BHUATNf ^nV^l ^^. Turing 
BHUAUNf gyMTf^f round and 

round ; swimming in the head, dizziness 
vertigo; c. w. dead, charhjdnd. 


». /. Hot ashes. 


stack of chaff. 

9- m. (PoL) A 

BHUBBH S#,./. Crying violently, 
outcry ; c. ti». warm. 

BHlJ g #. /. Land, earth. 
BHI^A gVMT*./. A father's sister. 
BHUANG fJfMar #. w. See Bhawahg. 

BHTJANf 3>MT7^ A /. An epithet of 
Vevt; i, q. Bhatcdnt, 

BHUArA gVMr^T ,. m. Prevalence (of 

an epidemib or other sicknesa), a severe 
vifiitaticm (of any disease) in a particu- 
lar locality. 



(vegetables, eggs). 




To roast 

8. m. An earth. 

quake j i. q. Bhonckdl. 

BHUCHANG ^^ ,. ^,. ^ ^lack- 


BHUCHAlSrGGf f^-*t ,. 
title given to Akdli Sikhs. 


BHUCHAPPA fBlfT,. «. A kind of 

firework. It is a bamboo filled with 
various chemicals which in burning 
throw out lights of different colours 


( U2 ) 


BUUCHCH gB 8. w. A fat, corpulent BHUGGA gd|f #. «. A pi^eparation of 

man (spoken in derision) : — a. Barbar- 
ous, ignorant ; fat, gross. 

BIIUCHCHAR ^^3 *. m. A well 

fed, over-gi'own, corpulent man ', a fat 
Jog ; —a. Well-fed, fat (^especially a dog ; 
niet. man) ; c. to. banud^ /*oga. 

BHUCnLAUgIA ^dM>Q<£' t?. a. To 

persuade by sinister means, to wheedle, 
to coax, to deceive. 

BHtJjil 3$ a. See Bhuhe, 


ad. On the ground ; — 

«. w.,/. (M.) Land: — Bhuenphor. *. m. 
lit. the earth splitter. The Fhelipma 
calotropodu. Is grows in sandy places 
is very succulent and juicy, has fine 
flowera an inch and a quarter long. It 
has a giii/h of 6 or 8 inches and is about 
2J ft. high. It springs up in February 
and March, fissuring the ground in all 
directions, hence its name. It is used 
for sores in horses, and as fodder for 
oxen, camels, and goats whose milk it 
is said largely to increase. The name 
is also given to the TuUpa stellata^ 
the bulbs of which are eaten in many 
places as food and by animals. They 
are regularly sold in the bazars of 
Peshawar: — bhuenphor nird khir Jiai. 
Bhunnphor is nothing, but milk :—ret 
rahdi tibbi jdi, pnidd thid bhuenphor. I 
sowed sand, sand hills came up, bhuen- 
phor was all the crop. — Song. 

shed in which chaCP is stored. 


8. tW. 

Soe Bhukal. 

BHUGAT ggr3 9. f. Earthly comfort, 

whatever is to be enjoyed in this world, 
thf? good things of this life, whether 
necessai'ies or luxuries :- -bhugat nidn, 
a. Present, passing (time), 0(5curring, 
happening :- —hhugat ^aurno, v. n. To be 
entangled, in difficulties or troubles:— 
bhugai sudrnd, v. a. To give one trouble ; 
to put ono into difficulties or miseries. 

sesame (HI) seed with sugar ; — a. Rott-en. 
decayed, injured by moistui-e, or otHcr 
causes (wood, gi*ain and other things) 
without substance : — bhuggd kuffxii^ 
V. a. lit. To prepare til seed with 
sugar ; met. to cohabit, to have sexu&l 
intercoui*se with (an abusive term) : — 
bhugjd kutdundj v. n. lit. To cause to 
make a prejiainition of til. seed witli 
sugar ; met. to cause to be cohabited 

BH0G?f 3dlc^ *. /. A species of 

plum or date, a first fruit of a young h^r 
ti*eo (Zizyphu9 jujuba) ; m,et. a naked 

BHUGTA^jTA '§B\d^^ «^- «• To suffer 

to endui*e, to bear up ; to enjoy ; to 
use, to spend, to use up ; to settle Math ^ 
to suffer the penalty. See Bhugtdund. 

BHUGTAUNA Sfdld'f^ v. a. To 

execute, to discharge ; to finish ; to dis- 
pose of, to have done with ; to settle, 
to adjust ; to pay a debt, to liquidate, 
to square an account. 

BHUHE 3Jj a. Angry, enraged, in a 

passion ; fearless, bold ; forward, in- 
solent ; c. to. dundy hond. 

BHIJhAR g^ra »• /. ^ine rain ; 
money given to Brahmans at weddings. 

BHU'HARNA SUcf?? v. n. To be about 

to rise (moon). 

BU^i^ g^ 8. m. (M.) The OrienUl 

plane (Platanus orientalis) also the 
Edwardsia vtoUis a small shrub with a 
Hne vellow flower common in Trans Indus 
and in the Salt range. 


g?r) ^ 81 

-The arm ; met. 
supporter, a helper, 

a friend : — bhnj band^ t. m. An ornament 


( 143 ) 


worn on the upper pavt of the arms 
(commonly Bahuf(d), 



3t?3F * 

. m. A anake, a 

BHLTJjf ^ffl 

Vegetables or 
*eens boiled and 

afterwards fried in gJiee or oil. 

BHUJJNA StTST V. n. To be parched 

(grain), to be roasted < meat), to be baked 
in hot ashes (an ear of Indian corn, vege- 
tables) ; to be heated with anger, to Hy 
into a passion. 

BHITK 3or 8.f. A single leaf or blade 

of an onion top ; — (M.) Small payments 
of grain given byway of alms at harvest; 
time to faqirs, 

BHITKAL W3CZS )*. /. (M,) The 
BHLTKALf gSfJ^ ) Asphodelus fisttdo- 

tus lit. buds of the earth, the leaves 
of which are like an onion, but without 
its bulb and smell. It is abundant as a 
Held weed and grows among the crops, 
of the spring harvest. The seeds are 
ground and made into bread of a very 
repulsive appearance, which is eaten by 
the poor in time of scarcity. They are 
also used medicinally under the name of 
binghar hij. The weed is very in- 
jurious to the crop among which it 
grows. A watering before ploughing 
and plenty of subsequent ploughings 
always destroy it ; t. q. Bhugdt. 

Bh6kAN gSfH '• /• (^•) The cane- 
tube with which a drill is worked. 

BIIUKIA'NNA 3on3^ 8. m. A hole or 

broken place in a wall, a break or gate 
in a hedge ; the urinary bladder. 

I^HUKAUyA gbf l Q<*; » r. o. See Bhaun- 

BHUKHAIL W^iZS ) a. Excessively ' 
BHUKHAULA§ViT§35T J hungry, rav- 

enous, impatient for food. 

BHl/KHAN ^S s, m. Corrupted from 

the Sanskrit word Bhushan, A jewel, 
an ornament ; tnet. a worthy man, one 
who is an ornament to his place or profes- 
sion, or of his society or country. 

BHUKKi< gsn 8. m. A blast of wind 
with dust ; also see Bhuggd. 

BHUKKH 9^ 8, /. Hunger, appetite 

eagerness, inordinate desire : — bhukkk 
lagni, v, n. To be or feel hungi*y, to have 
an appetite : — bhukkk marjatti, v. n. To 
pass away (hunger or appetite) : — 
bliukkh Tudmd, v. a. To repress one's 
appetite ; to mortify oneself. 

BHUKKHXg^ )a.,<.m.,/. Hungry, 
BHUKKHf ^^) having a keen ap. 

petite ; greedy, inordinately desireouB ; 
poor ; a pauper, a beggar : — bhukkhd bhd- 
nd, bhukJchan bhdnd, a. Hungry and poor, 
destitute of the common necessaries of 
life,, wanting food and not knowing 
where to get it: ^bhukkhd moid hoia^ 
8, m., /. A famine sti*icken or famished 
person ; a greedy person. 


• Having no 
food, poor. 

penniless, poverty stricken ; very hun- 

BHUKKf Sofi «./. Powder (especially 
of chaff), anything pulverized. 


V. a. 

To pprinkl« 

(anything in the form of a powder as salt 
on food, or a' medicine on a sori^) 


( 144 ) 


BHl^KyA SOC^' «'> »*. A dirision in the 

stem of a bamboo, i. c. tbe space between 
two joints ; a hollow fife to let oat any 
thing ; a silly, talkative man. 


BHlTK^lf 3ofSt». /• A division i 

the stem of a slendei' bamboo; a 
hollow fife ; a disease of horses:— 6/tw A- 
^^tti fihaUi or va^ni, v. a. To have diar- 

BHUKWAUNA gsrS^S' V. a. Caus- 
* ative of Bhukknd which see. 

BHULADENA g^l^d"^ t?. a. See Bhu^ 

BHULA'f dW^kO*/- Deceiving, decep- 
tion, beguiling, leading astray ; c w. dent, 

BHULAU^jTA 335^2^ v. a. To forget ; 

to cause to forget, to catise to en*, to lead 
astray, to mislead. 

BHULAWA 335ngT«. m. Error, mis- 

take, forgetting ; doubt, uncertainty and 
deception, cheat, trick. 

BHULBKHA3?5Vn». w. Error, mistake 

(especially in accounts) ; doubt, uncer- 

BHULL 9<55" •• /• -^^ error, a mistake; 

a fault, an omission ; a neglect, negli- 
gence ; — hhull hhtilekhe, ad. Erroneously, 
mistakingly: — bhull chukk^s.f. Blunder, 
mistake; — bhull honi, v, n. To be 
mistaken, to fall into error: — bhull jdnd, 
V, n. To err, to make a mistake; to 
forget. See Bhullnd. 

BHULLA 975^ 7 «• Mistaken, err- 
BHULLlA Sf^nlY jing J forgetting:— 

hhulld IhaM, bhullU hhaildd, a. Erring, 
wandering, led astray, deceived i — hhuUd 

vissarid^ comp, past. a. Forgotten 
not remembered; a state of doubt and 


BHULLNA 3rt^A* t- «. To forget, to 

blot out fi^om remembrance ; to go astrfty. 
to go wrong ; to blunder, to err, to make 
a mistake; to be vain, to be proud. 

BHULS Si'ihH »• ^- A division of JaU, 


a. Burnt (the hand), roast- 

ed too much, burnt in the roasting ; met. 
enraged, angry. 

BHULSAUNA g?5W€S^ V. a. To 

cause to be roasted, burnt, scorched, 
charred, or branded. 

BHULSCTA 3?57T3f ) roast in hot 

ashes, to burn (the hand, or foot), to 
char, to scorch, to brand. 

BH15m g>| 9.f. The earth, land, the 

ground i^bhurnddfif s. m. A present of 
land ; money given at Hindu weddings 
to the bridegi'oom's family priest by the 
bride's father. 

BHlTMfA f^flW 

BHlTMfAN ilftW 

BHUMfYA^ gifiCf 
a serpent. 

s. m. A citizen* 
an inhabitant, » 
native ; a snake, 

BHI7N ^ 8. /. The eaHh, the ground ; 

breaking wind ; — s. nt. (Af.) Chaff and 
straw of grains — ba^gd bhuMj s, /. The 
chaff and straw of wheat and barley :— * 



( H5 ) 


miS9d bhun, *. m. The chaff and straw of 
peas, gra,m% ^ mofh, mung, mdnh, mohrt\ 
(masar) : — bhun . bhun kamd, v. n. 
To blow a trumpet ; to break wind: — bhun 
lok, s. /. This world, the present state. 

BHUNAf g^T^ *. /. Wages for parch- 
ing grain. 

BHUNAUNAfH^fgft;. 4. to cause 

to be parched, roasted or baked, in hot 

«. m, A small 

BHtJljipt} ^^s.m. ^eBUndl 




od. On the ground. 


winged insect. 

bhu^chAl §b<95 '. 


to distribata. 

m. An earth- 

V. J*. To eat ; 

BHITNI) |g ,. «. A waap ; a beetle 

that buiTows in dnng; a yellow marked 
bamble bee :-Kdbali bh494, ,. m. A blue 
colonrod wasp .—bhiH^H cH khakkhar nin 
chherna, v. a. To stir up a wasp's nest'- 
met. to stir up evil, to fight with rascals. 

BHUNpA^gr » «. An aboriginal tribe, 
a man belonging to that tribe. 

BHl/Npf 1^ ../. Att insect that in- 
fests wheat ; an insect that eats and 
uijures vines ; a caterpillar. 

BHUNG §^,.m. The doubling pi 

Jl.^f K*'*'' *'0°'"«t'ng of two or more 
n^£^ ?«^«*1 *«?«ther J fuhiess and 
puckenng ,n a seam, a pucker, a plait 

BHUNGA ^ .. «. CM.J A ransom, 
a gift made to recover stolen property. 



over the head and shoulders by child 
ren; a head drew Woftx by Hindus 'a 
rilatfv"""' °' * P'^'--* - o^^neZ 

'HUNGGNA #gfe , ,. To sponge 

upon, to gain fwJm by mean tricks 
(used only in the part-icipal forS!- 

khdfda hat He lives on what he can 
squeeze out of his friends. • 


»• «. A cloth of two 


BHUlsfDLAONA a^cO'Se- .. a. To 

or more breadths (lai^erttan a bkunaaii 
thrown over the head? ''**?5'W 

BHtJ^f p^,.^. A term of affection 
applied to a cat. 


'• wi. A tobacco worm. 

BHUNNA ^i^^va. To parch, to 
roast, to bake in hot ashes. 

BHUNNE g^^.. Hoasted. baked:- 
l^hunne tittar «4dune, V. a. To flv iv>a-t 


( 1*6 ) 


BHtJp 3V 
BHirPAL ^ip^ 
BHtJPAT ^ygf 

s.'m. Ldrd of the 
earth, a king, a 
soyei*eign, a ruler 

BHtJB 9^ #. fw. Fine rain, a drizzling 

Hhower ; money giren to Brahmana at 
weddings ; t. g. Bhuhar. 

BHT^RA SB? s. m. A striped blanket, 

i. e., light brown with black stripes or 
black with white stripes ; a division of 
Jats ; — a. Brown : — hhurd jatodm^ «. m. A 
term applied to a tame bear by jugglers. 

BHUBBHtnUL TSg^T a. Brittle, worth- 

less, flime work); short, tender, (pie 
crust), broken up, crambled: — man dd 
Uyr £/UftfYi, a. Fickle-minded. 

BHUBBHtJBAU^A ||dgdl8d> «• ^ 
To polveriaei to redace to powder. 

BHtS'Rf S^«« A amall light coloured 
blanket witk black stripes ;— a. Brown. 

BHURJAL 39713)5 s.m. (M.> The axle 

of the horizontal lantern wheel of a Per- 

BHURjf ^dtO »./• Corrupted from 

the Sanskrit word Bharjjan to fry. 
Cireons or vegetables boiled and after- 
wards fried in ghee or oil. 



gH?IV3r9 *. wi. See 

BHURNA 'SB7? V »* To be broken 
(glass or other brittle substance) ; to 

crumble, .to become pulveriaed $ to 
become poor, to be reduced in circniA- 

BHI^RNA WBT? V, n. To cast rays be- 
fore hand, to be on the point of riaing' 
(moon) . 

BHIJ^THA WSW •' ^' SeeBkarthd. 

BHUS sTTT «• ». Habit, practice^ 

(generally spoken of the use of injnriona 
drinks or drugs, as the practice, children 
eating earth, coal) ; weakness, disease 
arising from such habit ; anmmia, chaJBf ; 
c. w. bhamd, pamd. 

BHt^S SnR a. Corrupted from Behosh* 
Sensless, stupid slovenly. 

BHUSARf gUcH «* / (^0 A oake 

made of two unbaked pieces of bread witli 
sugar between them. The edges of iLa 
pieces of bread are joined and the whole ia 
biJced. This is a favourite food in the 
cold weather, 

BHtfSARNA gUdAI ^'^ '^o ^ P^- 
fed up with pride or rage. 

BHUSERA 37)6' a* In the habit of 

eating or drinking something injurious 
weakened or otherwise unfavorably 
affected by such habits ; t. q. BhuMtid 

BHUSNA 9 MA' v. n. To be in the 

habit of taking something injurious, 
to be diseased and debiiiated by snob ha- 
bit (used ordinarily in the latter senee 
and in the principal form hhuwid haid.) 

bhussepakAr g^ 'tfcfd «. •*. 

See BhcLu. 

BHUSSf StH #. /. The chaff of 
wheat and other grains ; bran. 


( H7 ) 


BHUSSiA HOIA f ftfyM'tJfe nff a. 
See Bhuserd. 


s. m. An evil spirit, a 

demon, fiend, goblin ; met. an nglj or 
wicked person ; an element ; the name 
of a caste of Jats ; — a. Gone, past (time 
or tense): — lihttt balakk^ s, m. Satanic 
disposition, anger, petnlence, ill nature : 
— bh4t hoke chambafnd, v, n. To cling 
to one as an evil spirit — bhut ka44^^^ 
V. a. To de8ti*oj the influence of an evil 
spirit, to exorciBe. 

BHUTAf 5Sn^ •. /. Wheedling, de- 
ceiv'ing, flattery ; e. w. tiubti. 

BHUTAJiJfT g;^ s. «. A hill region 
nortli-east of Simla. 

BHt^TAR 933 «. nk Demoii, eTilapirit ; 
an evil minded persoa. 

BBt^TXB W3^ « ^' (^0 Corrupted 

from the Sanskrit word PUm. A 

BHtJTARf ^3^ '• /' (^O Ownership 
in land ; rent ; i. q. Lichch. 

BHUTAUiirA oJ^lQil V. a. To cause to 

be deceived or wheedled, to suffer one*s 
self to be wheedled : — main us te dpne dp 
nun hhutdundd rehd. I continued to be 

• • • 

deceived by him. 



A demon, a 
goblin ; a 

BHtf trA gddi *. *». (ifO ^ py^^ of 

a leaf of the date-palm, the pinnas are 
made into baskets, matting and ropes. 


«> m. A division of Jats. 

BI f^ a. (J/.) SocOBd. another. 

BI ^ «. m. Corrupted from the Sanskrit 

word Vij. Seed, a cutting of fi plant 
(as sugar-cane for seed) ; cause, source, 
origin ; the semen of man or anim al s ; a 
son; — bi nds hond^ v. n. To be utterly 
destroyed, to become extinct (a family) : 
— bt nds karndf v. a. To destioy, to 
annihilate : — btpd6ndj v. a. To sow seed ; 
to be cause of ; e. w, paind ;— -*. /. A 
title of respectgiven to prostitutes ;-— od 
Also, too, even ; t. j. By, 

BlA i^tnP a., ad. (Jf.) Other, an- 

other ; second, again : — khdwe bid^ 
marige bid. One ate it aiod another 
was heaten. — Prov. used when one 
has profited by a thing while another is 
punished for it. 

BfABAtiT lOoi>4l3«. m. Corrupted 

from the Persian word Baydbdn. A 
desert, a trackless desert : — ujdr bidbdm 
#- /. Wilderness. 

BIADH f^>)irq $, m, Wrangle, quarrel ; 
pain, anguish, grief. . 

BIAH f^^HT^ «, m. Corruption of the 

Sanskrit word Vicah. Marriage, wed- 
lock ; a. wedding. See VidK 

BIAHNA f^Y»rj^l V, a. To marry 

(a wife), to get (a son or daughter) 
married ; t. q, Vidhund. 





( 148 ) 


BIAH^tJ i^WUS a. Pertaining to 

a wedding ; a suit of clothes, given 
to the bride by the bridegroom's father, 
two days after maniage. 

BlAf fevMT^ 8. f. Cracking of the 

heels from cold ; sowing seed ; seed 
time ; grain given by zamindars to car- 
penters and others at the time of sowing. 

BIAHTA f^YMiU-fi a. Married, 
lawfully wedded (a woman.) 

BIAJ icfyHM 9' ^* Interest, divi- 

BIAJA? f^>>nt?3) #. i». An 

BIAJARfA f^niHRI^blP) ^s'^'^- 

BlAjf ftfWtft) o. Put out on in- 
BlAJtJ f^YM^> terest, lent on 
usury (money) ; — #. m. An usurer. 

BIAKAL ft>>norS5) o. Corrupted 
BIAKDL fay ^l^rt ) ^ni the Sans- 
krit word Viydkul, Pernlexed, agi- 
tated (in mind), confounded, troubled, 
harassed, distressed ; restless, uneasy. 

BIAN f^YHT^ 8. m. Explanation, re- 
lation, discourse, narration, account, 
statement, exposition ; c. to. hamd. 

BIA^A i^>)r2? «• ^' ^ pledge, an 

earnest ; a small sum given to seal a 
bargain, the thing pui^chased remain- 
ing with the seller; i. g. 8d%\ — s. /. 
(K.) An icy wind which blows od the 
high passes at certain seasons. 

BlANDA^t feWt!3) B. m. A bride- 
BIANDHA^ fijWtjrf ) groom; *• ff. 

BIA^GU (\|Wdl 9. vt. A wooden tcK>} 

used by shoemakers in working leather 
to soften it and prepare it for use. 

BlA^JWEN fVimid^* «• Ninety.itwo. 

BIAP f^fYMTll *. /. A malignant in- 
fluence, a curse. 

BIAP^A feWV^T r. n. To dwell, to 

pervade ; to extend, to be diffnsefl ; 
to be effected, or influenced ; to pass, to 
occur, to happen ; to come to in one*s mind . 

BIAB (V|Y|fid 9. m. A basket made of 

rushes used baling out boats ; the Deodar 
(Cerdrus deodara) identical with the cedar 
of Lebanen. It is one of the best timber 
trees in the world, its wood is in com- 
mon use in the Punjab ; %, q. Dtdr^ Deo^ 

t - ■ 


BIAR f^^id ) «. m. A vegetable or 
BIA9 f^nr? ) ^^it left for seed ; t. q. 

m. {I^oU) . Grain 

.xm ■:"r . x-- , j ^^r:.^r£a 

biArA ftWBT B. 

given by zamindars to carpenters and 
others at seed time. 

BlAS f^YMTR *. m. A celebrated 

Bisht, the supposed compiler of the 
Purans ; one learned in all sciences ; 
the name of a river in the Punjab. See 

BlAsf (^)r>|i;4) a. Eighty-two. 

BiBA <j)<i|i s. m. A term of endearment 
addressed to a little boy ; i. q. Btbhd, 

BfBA^^h^ #. m. A vegetable or fmit 

• - 1 WJ 

S lTT.r-.'. t . .afJJJ. 


( 149 ) 


left for seed, cacnmbers over ripe and 
unfit to be eaten ; — a. Ill-formed^ ngly. 

5^ #. m ) 

Worthy, good, 
excellent, humble. 

BfBABf *fly^*./. A smalUifearor 

vegetable left for seed; — a. Dried np, 
wrinkled (the face) spoken in derision. 

BfBBA l|W' #. 
BfBBf -^^ 

of a mild disposition ;— ». w., /. A term 
of endearment to a little boy or a girl. 

BIBEK |c|^o( *. m. Discrimination, dis- 
cretion ; sense, intelligence ; knowledge, 
divine knowledge; strictness in religi- 
ous ol^servances ; high principle. 

BIBEKf f^^oft 8. m. A person of dis- 

crimination, a religious, conscious, high- 
principled man : — bibeki Singh, a. m, A 
Sikh strict in his religious observances. 

BIBHt^T fegg: *. /. corrupted from 
the Sanskrit word Bhab^t See BhabUt 

BlBI ^1^ *• /• A lady, a mistress, a 

term of endearment addressed to a little 
girl, sister, daughter ; a. form of address ; 
a form of address to a husband's sister. 

BlCH ^tj *• ^Wr- Interval, intermediate 
space ; i. q, Vitth, 

BICHAL ni^'35 «• ^- Damage, injury ; 

dispute, difPerenco, falling out ; distance, 
space between places ; i. q. Vickdl. 

BICHALA [qt^i^^ 8, m. Distance, space 
between two things. 

BICHALE f^tJ'd^ prep. In the midst 
of, between ; i. q. Vichdle. 

BICHALNA ftpBJSHTt;. n. To be spoil. 

ed, to be corrupted, to be damaged; to 
become an enemy, to raise a mutiny' to 
contend ; to turn, to lend, to slip, to 
break one's promise, to become insolent 
to foil ; 1. q, Vichalnd. 

BICHALNA ftltS ' ttA' t;. a. To spoil, 

to damage; to excite (any one), to raise 
a mutiny or insurrection ; to make a bank- 
rupt ; t. q. Vichalnd, 

BICHAR f^grg a. m. Consideration, re- 
flection, thought, judgment; t. q. Vichdr 

BICHArA [^dld> o. Helpless, forlorn, 

destitute, poor; — *. i». A poor or un- 
fortunate person. 

BICHARAK f^tdldof«.m. a thought. 

ful, considerate person, one who exer- 
cises his judgment. 

BICHARNA (^tJld<SV V. n. To think, 
to consider, to reflect, to judge. 

BICHARNA ftltJdA' t;. n. To go 
through, to travel. 

BICHBICHALE fatjfatJ'J^ prep. 

In the midst of, in the very midst of ; 
*'. q» Vichvichdle, 

BICHCH f^prep. In, within, in the 
midst of; i, q. Vichch. 

BICHCHHARNA fe^SS^t;. n. To 
be separated ; i, q. Vichchharnd, 

BICHCHHlJ f^rSa. m, A scorpion. 

bichhA denA 

( 150 ) BIDAIGf 

BICHHA DBNA fesrfe t?. a. To 

spread (a bed, bedding, carpet,) ; to knock 
down, to beat down ; t. 9. Vichhd- 

BICHHARNA feg^H^ «• ♦»• To be 

parted, to be separated ; i. g. Vichh- 

BICHHAUgfA fV]3<? «. m. A bed, 
bedding ; t. q. Vichhaund. 

BICHHAUtjrA ftl^'Qd* a- To spread 

(a bed, bedding, carpet, Ac.) j ». g. 

BICHKAL fa^o( » J6 
Vichkdhd, Vtchkdl 

) s. fft. 1 
( midst ; i. 




prep. In 
the midst of, 

between ; — ad. In the midst ; t. q- 
Vickkdhcy Vichkdle, 

BICHKAnA f^BoTOI s. m. ) Achildt 
BICHKANf ftltJoCAl •• /• y ^^^® ' • 

small water skin, anything small ; a 
dancing boy or girl ; a yonng girl bronght 
np to a life of prostitution ; t. g. Bach- 

BICHHNA f^S2?' ^' ♦»• To be spread, 
to be flat ; to be mild ; i. q. Vichhnd. 

BICHHO9A f^S^ 9i rn. Separation ; 
t. g. Vichhord. 

BICHHO^llSrA ft§3^v. «. To 

separate (friends, relatives) ; ». g. 

BICHHtJA l^gW^ ». w. A kind of 

dagger, a ring the upper side of which 
is broad, worn by women on the toe ; the 


The name of a disease, the cholera. 

BIOHKAR ft^oJTg prep. In the midst 



bichhwAuna {V|^<iQd> V- «. 

To caase to spread ; %, g. Vichhwdund. 


BIGHLA f^BTS^a- Belongings io lbs 
middle, inner ; t. g. Tichld. 

BICHLAUIJA (VjdMI§^l V. «. To spoil; 
t. g. Bichdlndy Vichldund. 

BICHOLA t*d«" i, m. 

BicHOLr :g#5^ * /. 

BICHOLfA ti^jjfl yMT *.m./. 

A go-between, a mediator ; t. g. Vichold. 

BIDA (i|t;"«. m. Corrupted from th« 

Arabic word Vtdd. Bidding farewell, an 
adieu; parting, dismissal ;— a. Dismis- 
sed, parted, having taken leave. 

BIDAlGf fati'fedfl s. /. A present 

given on letting one go, a parting 
gift ; a present (of clothes and monej) 
given by the bride's father to the 
bridegroom on the day of departure; 
i. g. Viddigi, 


( 151 ) 


BIDAM ^^TH *• w. Corrupted from tliis 
Persian word Bdddm. See Baddm, 

BIDAlJGGf f^t^dH » / The art or 
practice of medicine ; t, g. Vada^ggu 

BIDXJJ^A fWtf'Qct' ^- «To cause to 
bet, to cause to settle. 

BIDD fVjxi *• / ^ bundle of sweetmeat, 
OP clothes or shawls, a bundle. 

BippH ftr^*. wt. The pieces of wood set 

obliquely at the edge of a well to support 
the wheel oii which the rope runs {when 
one piece of wood with a fork is used, 
it is called kuhir); bulk, size. 

BlpDH^A' ftl^gt v. a. To set up, and put 
in order for use (a sugar press.) 

BiDDiA fe^V)p Corrupted from the 

Sanskrit word Vidiyd, Knowledge, skill, 
wisdom ; science, learning ; met. trick, 
deceit : — biddidrtU, «. w. A seeker after 
knowledge, a student, a scholar : — hiddid 
mdn^ biddtatcdn, a. Wise, skilful, scientific, 
learned : — chauddn hiddid nidhdn, a. Vers- 
ed in the fourteen sciences ; a master of 
practical sciences; Ironic, an ignorant 
man, a fool : — harahm, hiddid, $. f. Divine 
knowledge, science concerning religion. 

BIDDMAN fe^JFS «• Present, manifest, 

BIDDNA f^3^r. o. To set up newly 

cut sesatne for the purpose of sunning and 
drying it. 

BIDH fexi 9. f. Corrupted from the 

Sanskrit word Vidht. Manner, mode, 
way, kind ; art, contrivance; arrangement; 
a sacred precept, statute.; a name of 

Brahma.; balance of account^ adjust- 
ment of an account ; — h'dh vidtd, s. f. 
The name of a I)evi supposed to preside 
over matters of destiny (considered by 
some the same as Mdyd) : — hidh melnd 
or mildund, v, a. To check, balance an 
account ; to strike a balance. 

BIDHATA fezngt ,. m. Corrupted from 

the Sanskrit word Vidhdtd. The con- 
triver and arranger of all things, the 
Creator, Brahma, God ; destiny. 

BIDHAUi?A faillgc^ l V, a. To cause 

to be perforated or bored ; t. q, Vidhd- 

BIDHfA f^zflmi a. See Bidhyd, 

BIDHNA fenpSTt. /. A name of 

Brahma, Supreme Being; destiny, 
fate, doom (liidkmdtd.) 

BIDHWA ferpST 5. /. Corrupted from 

the Sanskrit word Yidhwd, A widow ; 
i. q. Vidhunt. 

BIDHYA f^ITOT a. Shrewd, cautious ; 

frugal; circumspect, skilful ; acquainted 
with many ways, modes, or methods. 

BIDiA fefeW *. w. A farewell, 
adieu ; c. w. hond, karnd. See Bidd. 

BIDRI fVjtidl rt., 9. f. Spoken of a 

particular kind of huqqd, made of a mix- 
ed metal inlaid with silver ; a bundltr 
of shawls ; t. q. Bidd. 

BIGAH f<t^O «. n*. .A measure of 


( 152 ) 


land containing ionv Icandh, varying in 
different places (as fixed by British law 
120 feet square) ; i. q. Vigah. 


prep. With- 
out, except, be- 
sides ; i. 9- 

BIGAL f^dld^' «• «*• Corrupted from 

the English word " bugle." A trumpet 
bugle ; the sound of a bugle ; c. w. 
hondy kamd, sunnd. 

BIGAR fe^U P^^' Without, except, 
besides ; i. q. Bigaity Bagair. 

BIGA? fe^T^ »• w. Damage, injury, 

misunderstanding between friends, quar- 

BIGAR i^^g s, f. (M.) Corrupted 

from the Persian word Begdr. Forced 
labour for all kinds of works, also 
applied to enforced contribution of sup- 
plies for troops and to any sort of call 
made on the civil population for Govern- 
ment purposes. See Bagdr. 

BIGARr f^iar^ s- /• (^O ^ forced 
labourer. See Bagari, 

BIGA5NA f\jdlc4<S> ^' »»• To be spoils 

ed, to be damaged, to fail ; to fall out, 
to quarrel, to bo troublesome ; to 
commit adultery. 

BIGARNAftldl'f^A' V. a. To spoil, to 

damage, to mar ; to cause to fall out 

BIGA^I^ f^31Tg[ «. w. A mischief 

maker, one who spoils, a breaker up of 

BiGA^iwAutiA fttdlrf^'Qd^ *' «• 

To cause to be spoiled, damaged. 





prep. See 
Bigair, Bagair^ 

BIGHA5? f^^MS «• '»• Hindrance, 

obstruction ; damage, injury ; c. tr. 

BlGpAuijA f^dlrflQdl V. «• To 

spoil, to damage, to mar; to cause to 
be spoiled. 

BIH ftlU «. /. Poison ; tV j. Vih. Vts. 

Bfn ^0 *• ♦»• -^ quince (Cydenia 

vulgaris) ; a kind of raisin ; a pomegra* 
nate : — hih dd marabhd, s, m. Quince 
jam, a preserve used as a sweetmeat : 
— Hh dandy s, m. Quince seed (used 
medicinally) f a street, a lane ;- 
Twenty; *. g. Vth, 


f^cjidlf^i J 



name of a tune 

or song sung at mid-night;. — (K.) 
Dawn : — hdrri hihdgj ad. An early 

BIHAjAKTA feOM'A' V. n. To pass 

away, to be spent (time, life) ; i. g. 
Vihd jdnd. 

BIHAJHf fevP^ 

bihAjI f^ 

9. f. Buying 
a little at a 


( 153 ) 


time with money acquired on loan from 
usurer ; buying for nse, as distinguished 
from buying for sale or from living on 
one's own produce (spoken of grain) ; 
— a. Bought for use (as distinguished 
from raised at home, or not bought for 
sale) : — bihdji kkdnd, v. a. To borrow a 
small amount from a usurer: i. a 

BIHAJHNA ftidliic*:') t^. a. To buy, 
BIHAJ^^A f^cFTf^I^T) to purchase. 

BIhAK (V|OIo{ s,f. (Its) A place where 

cattle sit afte^ drinking or during the 
heat of the day ; i. g. Shiydk. 

BIHAL (Vium *. m. Leisure, dis- 

engagement ;—(af.; A second plough- 

BIHAN ftiO" a #. /. (afjt A colt, a 

BIHA^jraOAM ftlcldlH ».wfc One who 

has no fixed place of abode ; Skfaqir who 
Bubsista on alms. 

BIH^CN^ faUIAA ' V. «. To pass 

BIHAEf fejl^ .. ^. An epithet 
of Krishna. 

^^Hf f^ s, ^. ^ quince; a lane, 

a street. SeeDay^.f, (K,) A raised 
piace to sit on in front of a house under 
an overhanging roof. 

^^^V ftdte 8, m. A sewer, a drain. 

SIHIND^ fefte *. m. A custom by 

which women are allowed in the bei?Jn. 
amg of the month of Mafjlt (January) to 
^ey contributions on travellers or to 
P^Uage them with impunity, to a small 

BIHLA [qo^i a. At leisure, disengaged ; 

BIHOG f^9gr %. «. Separation, ab- 
sence (especially of lovers) ; t. g. Biyog, 

BIHOGA^ir ftlddlS.. /. ) A lover 
BIHOGf ft[5gft*.m. j suffering the 

pangs of absence or separation from a 

BAHOTBf fe^H^,./. (K.) Married 


BIH?A te«r ,. «,. \ A court, a yard 
BIH5f feu^ ,. /. ] snrroonded by 
buildings ; ». q. Vihfd. 

BfH^f lAOjSfl*./. A score. 

BiH9Mf isr feuariif^> ,. / ^ y^^ ^^ 

BHUlWfls, tog^ j bread, consisting 

of two cW<M baked together, with 
ground pulse between them; it 

BIHU feg .. „^ Poison J t". 5. Vihu. 

Bf HWAn ^kr^ a. Twentieth ;-,. „. 
Twentieth day. 

BitSABHAN fe:^hjmui^,.^. Of.) 

Prom fcirf second and M6Ja'» to-morrow 
(.atftan 18 corrupted from the Ar«W« 
word Subah.) fhe day after to-m^tlr 

Bf J yltT ». m. Seed ; grain, source, 

cause :—UJmdtar, s. m. A small qnanti. 
ty, a very few, the minutest remnant :— 
btj nas hosa, v. n. To be utterly destroy. 


( 154 ) 


ed, to become extinct fa family) : — 
hij nds kai-ndy v. a. To destroy, to an- 
nihilate :— 6y hattdry 8. m, (K.) Recov- 
ery of the seed grain with interest oat of 
the harvest heap ; ordinarily it is recov- 
ered at the rate of four to three ttrchokdy 
or five to four chapanchd on the seed act- 
ually sown. 

BIJA ^f-|l s. m. (M,) A sugarcane cut- 
ting. The sugarcane is cut from No vem- 
l)er to January. The canes intend- 
ed for cuttings for the following year's 
crop are stacked in heaps and covered 
with earth. In February and March 
the heaps are opened and cut into pieces, 
and the cuttings planted : — hijd raidwany 
V. n. To plant sugercane cuttings. 

BIJAf f^t?T^ 8.f. Sowing. 

b1 JAK ellflOC 8. m. Corrupted from the 

Sanskrit word Vijak, A ticket tied to 
goods or attached to bags to mark their 
contents, prices ; a list, an invoice, a 
label, a. price ticket. 

BIJAR Os^'d '• ^' ^ BOwer; a hdzdvy a 

BIJArA (VjH'd^ 8, m. (M.) A seedling : 

— bijdr Idwan, v. a. To plant out seed- 

BIJAUNA ftlfl'Oi^ V. a. To cause to be 

BI.TJ f^?T ff. /. Lightning ; an unexpect- 
ed oppression, a sudden calamity ; c. w. 


BIJLf f^TT?^ 8, /. Lightning :- 

hijlipaindy v. n. To be struck by light- 
ning, to be destroyed by lightning ; c v. 

Bf JNA iDHcS' v. a. To sow, to plant. 

BIJOG f^H3I 8. i». Parting, separa- 

BIJOGf (c|t7dn ^- w.,/. One separat<^ 
from his or her beloved ; c. to, Tumi. 

BIJRAnr f^trandt *./ (M.) a present 

of grain made by a cultivator at sowing 
time to his menials, i. *e. the carpenter, 
potter, barber, smith, shoemaker and 
farm-servants. The rate varies, bat 
usually the first three get six seers of 
grain, the leather-worker three seers, 
and the f arm-servant<8 eight seers for each 
pair of bullocks, working on the eai^te; 
a cess levied by the Sikh Qovemmtot at 
harvest, nominally as - repayment for 
advances of seed which might or might 
not have been made. 

BIJYA fV)HM' 8. f. A plant from 

which an intoxicating potion is made ; 
the Indian Hemp ; Cannabis satita. 

BIKAL (Vfoce^ a. Confused ; mad, 
insane i entangled. 

BIKAR [«fO(lo 8. m. Change for the 
> worse, deterioration ; disease. 

I BIKAT (^o(<! 8. /. A picket (cor- 

rupted from the English word picket) ; 
Difficult, toilsome, dangerous. 


Indian badger (^tele8 or Arctonyx coU 
laris) ; "inet, a stupid, ill-favoured person. 

BIKAU f^o(vQ 8. m. Sale, selling; 




( 155 ) 


BIKAt}(V|o(l@ a. For sale, saleable; 
». q. Vikdu, 

BIKATJ^A fV|o{lQ^I V. a. To cause to 
be sold ; t. q. Vikdund, 

BIKH f^Vf *. m. Poison^ i. q. Vikh 
Bihy Bis. 

BIKHADH f^^jni 8, m. Hatred, dis- 
agreement, quarrelling, contention ; oppo- 
sition, contraiety ; L q, Bakhddh, 

bikhAdha^? f^VXIS»./J 

BIKHADHf feVfnft «. w. I ^ 

quarrelsome person j t. q. Bakhddhan, 

BIKHARA ftwa^ a. See BiM^rd. 

BIKHARNA t^*i3S^ ». n. To be 
spread oat, to be scattered. 

BIKHIA fefWW '. «• Poison; 
tobacco ; ft bad thing. 

BIKHODH T^TJ * m. Haired, dis- 
agreement, quarrelling. 

BIKHODHA^? fe^IIS*./.) A 
BIKHODHf fe"5lft '• *»• ) quarrel, 
some person. 

BIKH?tA ft^fS' a. Difficult, imprac- 

ticable, inpassable, impenetrable ; com- 

BIKHRAU^?A f^d'Oe" V. n. To 
scatter, to spread out. 

BIKKARf ftloUfl 8, /. Selling, sale ; 

bikkarmAjIt ^oTdM'tDiiJ '•^• 

Corrupted from the Sanskrit word 
Vikramaditya. The name of a celebrat- 

ed Hindu king of Ujjain. He was one 
of the wisest of Hindu kings. He is 
said to have driven out the Sakas (Scy- 
thians) and to have ruled over almost 
all north India. He was a great patron 
of literature. Kine great literary men 
flowished at his court, and many legends 
exist of his prowess. He is said to 
have been killed in battle with Saliva- 
hana king of the Deccan in Kali yuga 
3044. The Hindu era (Samvat) which 
begins 57 B. C. is reckoned from 

BIKKAHMAjfTf faeTdiJ ' ffl:/! a. Of 


or belonging to BikkarmdjU (commonly 
spoken of the epoch, which dates from 
B. 0. 57.) 

BIKKHiA ftrfUhP s.m. See Bikhid. 

BIKRAL f^ofdlM a. Corrupted from 

Sanskrit word Vikardl. Prightful, dread, 
ful, terrible, hideous. 

BIL [<|M #. w. The cornice round the 
opening in an earthen grain-bin. 

BfLA iDmI 8. m. Colic;— a. (M.) 
Ready to cry in play ; timid, cowardly. 

BILAIT (Vi^lf^d «. /. Corrupted from 

the Arabic word Vildit. A country, 
especially the country of foreign rulers 
of India as England, Afghanistan ; i. q. 

bilAitai? feW'fesse^. /.) A 

BILAlTf (VjWfe^ *• ^- ) foreign- 
er, a European or English person, 
a native of Afghanistan ; — a. Foreign ; 
European, American, of or relating to 
Afghanistan ; an Englishman. 

BILALLA flWSTP a. Uneducated, ill- 
mannered, ill-bred j| stupid, clumsy, fool, 
blockhead, idiot ; i. g. Vilalld. 


( 166 ) 



BILA^iTD fVlAtf o. Corrupted from the 
Persian Bcdand, High, lofty. 

BILAljlD (V|d6<ti ) 8. f. Corruption of 
BILAlJinDf l^j^tjt ) *^® Persian 
Balandt, Height. 


$» vi% 

bilanggA fVldSsP 

BILAl^GGA^? (VjMdUS »•/• 

BILAljrGGH fla??^ *. /. 

BILAlJGGeil faj^SdT ^ *•/• 

A pole suspended from the ceiling by a 
cord at each end, on which clothes are 
hung, a rope stretched for a similar 
purpose; i. q, To999S^' 

BILATHf fejST^ *./. A piece of 6*71 

wood of the Bael tree, used for mixing* 
the coloured unguents applied by 
Hindus to the forehead between the eye* 
brows as sectarial marks; «. q, Chandfhi. 

ffL The name 
a musical 

bilAnI ftlWAl 

BILANfl? {^WA\ 

• ^of Beli. 

A lady 

friend, a lady lore^ a mistress :^WA 
$edi hUdnin jo kkald hujjd fedi hare 
missmdnin, A nice mistress you have 
who regales you with shoe-beatings and 
insults. — Prov. 

BILAP WSBW *• ♦*»• Corrupted frem the 

Sanskrit word Vildp. Weeping, wailing, 
lamentation, mourning ; c. w. ha/mi, 

BILAPNA f^ZS^US'^' *• 'fo lament, to 
mourn, to wail. 

BILArA fejS^ *.m.rM:> An island. 

BILAS f^^lM «. tw. Pleasure; delight, 
joy ; i. 9- karnd. 

BILAsI (Vj^llO a. VoluptittWiB, given 
to pleasure, jovial. 

bilaul fkr^hs ) «. 

BILAWAL ^[^551^^ J of 
mode (rdgni.) 

BILBILAT ftR5fte«<r «• «. Complain- 
ing grievonsl/, crying, blabbering. 

BILBIL/mSA ft<<M>fti<H» l ga i V. n. To 

be restless, to be distressed, to complaiD 
with pain or grief, to cry, to blubber. 

BILCHHA^JtA fe?5SS» t^. n. To live 
luxuriously, to be extravagant.. 

BILEL f^R^ *. /. A low 


BILGA^ fe253IS«/- A pole OP rope 
stretched horizontally to haatg clothes on. 

BILf PAP f^T^HlOf 3, f. Lamentation, 
mourning ; i. q, VUtpdp, 

BILKANA I^S^oTS^ v. n. To sob, to cry 

bitterly ; to have a longing desire ; i, qt, 

BILKAUNA f^Mo(lQd> «• •• To cause 

to cry or sob ; to put or keep in a 
state of longing ; t. q, YiUcdund. 

BILL ftiR' 8. m. The Indian Bael (Aegle 

marmelos.) The fruit has astringent pro- 
perties, the shell of the fruit is used for 
holding snufE or other powderedmedicine; 
a greenish hue in the eye, the colour of a 
cat's eyes. 



( 157 ) 


BIL Lftl^V 9. m. The Bnglieh word hUl 
and used in tlie same soDse. An account, 
bill of exchange, a draft, a cheque. 

billA w7P *• ***• -^ ™*^® ^*^*» * *^™" 

cat ; a badge, a medal, a tablet or flat 
piece of metal or of cloth or of threads 
such as worn as a badge by peons, police- 
men ; — a. Having light brown eyes 
like a cat : — highafy or bdhar btlld, a, m. 
A wild he-cat; a bugbear, a hobgoblin. 

BILLAM feWM) «. /. Delay, long 
BILA^B ^Ijj^JtJ J stay, procrastination, 


To stop, 

billamnA (^MMS' «« ^^ 

to tarry, to remain, to procrastinate, to 

BILLAUtirA f^9595T@^f;. n. To weep 
bitterly, to cry, to mourn. 

bill! ftr?Sl '• /- ^ she-cat ; a bar, a 

door catch for keeping it shut or open ; 
an iron implement for cutting or cleaning 
radishes and pumpkins : — billi lotan^ «. /. 
The name of a medicine (Valeriana ojjvd" 
nalej^ so named from its effects on cats, 
who are so overcome with its fragrance 
that they roll about in ecstasy. 

BILP [ci^cf 8, m. Lamentation, mourn- 
ing, weeping, grief ; c. w, kamd. 

BILPATTf ftSSira^ 8. /. Leaves of the 

hUl tree presented as an offei'ing to 
Shiva to whom the tree is sacred 

BIMA ^W^ 8. m. Insurance, the pre- 
mium paid on an insurance. 

BImAR ^!>n<3 '• ^ Ailing, ill-disposed, 

unwell, sick ; — 8, m. A sick man, a 

BIMABF qhr^'-/- Illuess, indisposi- 
tion, sickness, disease. 

BIN ^qi «, m. Seed, a cutting of a plant, 

(as sngercane) for seed i-rMn holnd^ v, n. 
To be defeated^ to he of bad reputa- 

BltiT TsfVS '*/• -A name applied to two 

kinds of musical instruments, the one a 
stringed, the other a wind instrument : 
— hinkdry t. m. One who plays on the 
stringed Um, 

BIN XWS \ prep. Without, exclusive 
Bll^A f^^l) of, except, save. 

Bf NA ^te^ t. /. (K,) The true musk 

deer, (moachns mMchifertu)^ The musk 
deer commonly so called (tra^tUua me- 
minnd) have no musk gland. 

BINASHA^G ftR^jfHT ) ad. Certain. 
BINSHANQ fa^^ gi ) ly, without 

doubt ; dauntlessly, fearlessly, boldly. 

BiNB ^E[tf a. Swollen from rain, overflow- 
ing fa stream, a pond) as jalbinb; an 
image, shadow, a form reflected or repre« 
sented : — btnb bolnd^ v. n. To be notori- 
ous, to be defeated, to be held up to 


BIND f^ *. /. Semen virile, 

gentale ; moment, small space of time ; 
a drop ; blood ; point i^haff bind, 8, m. 
A small space of time, the twinkling 
of an eye i—raH bind, e.f. A very little. 

BIND cllS «•/• ^ coarse rope of grass or 

withes, coiled within a kachchd well, as a 
support to keep the sides from falling 
in ; a musical instrument used by snake 
charmers to charm serpents ; a ledge, a 
ridge ; the coupling of a dog and a 
bitch ; entanglement in any difficulties ; 
c. to. bajdund, phcu jdnd^ phasndn 


• T^ 

< 15? ) 




M. Thtt ;ti«e (aricket 
one of the Aoridiidae, 

BiijipA fto 

a very noisT insect, which abouaos in the 
hills, a beetle ; a species of child'6 rattle 
which whirls with a loud clatter; a 
bundle of the leaves of the edible Arum 
ifdUowM twenty in number; the handle 
of anaze ; tiw*. a noisy or chattering 

Bil^Di "5^1^ «. /. l^be foretaost pair of 

bullocks yoked in a laiige cart ; the 
yoke placed on th^ neck of an ox which 
woi'ks 9SH oil press-: it is simply a 
curved piece t>f 'wood. 

BI^lDf f^^ ♦. / A cipher, a dot ; 

the name of an ornaflient worn by wo- 
men on the forehead. 

Bf NDI A ^)^|y}{V *. m. The leading ox 
in a team of three or five. 

BfNf ifl^ s.f.lU, The nose of any thing; 

the fiat of a book, pocket book ; the piece 
of wood attached to the edf^ of one 
leaf of a door on the outside which over- 
laps the other leaf also ; %k« guard of a 

Bf^i JD^H s.f. The ^rist i—h ini pharni, 

V. n. For one to catch the wrist with both 
hands while the other who has been 
caught tries to free his wrist ; a mode 
of wrestling with hands. 

BIKNA |€|<S' '• ^^' ^ coarse mat made 

of pressed sugercane ipaccht) ; a pad or mat 
placed on the head to support a burden, 
a mat of grass, or reeds on which any ves- 
sel is placed. 

SINDNA f§€(S^ ^' *• To apply a hindi 

or small cipher (io a draft or note of 
hand^ to imply that the money has 
been received ; to put dots (about a 
word or letter) signifying that it is cross- 
ed out. 

BTIJG nS^I •• *»• Crookedness, uneven* 
ness ; u q. Fw- 


a. See in far, 
having a 

BiijiGGA ragp 

biuggAtaiiiijiggA OSdridQ^dfi 

a. Crooked, uaereu ; having the hce 
•verted, diapleaaed, angry ; i. )■ F%^'. 

BINHAf (Vl^l^n '• / Perforaticm, 
payment for boring ; ». q- YinKai, 

BINHAUSA fte9<P *- « To cause 

to be perforated or pierc^ ; t. g. Vinki-^ 

bInnAkAr ^^ l o{ld 

good apprehension of things, prudent, 
knowing, sagacious, discreet, having 
common sense. 

Bf NNAkAb! iflA ' c^ l cft * / A good 

knowledge of things, wisdom, common 
sense, sagacity, cleverness. 

BINNHljA f^rZ^c? V' «• To perforate, 
to bore, to pierce : i. 9. TinnhMa, 

BINNt^ kRS '• «•• Any thing placed on 

the head by coolies or women to support 
a burden, a small mat to sit on ; i,.q. 

BINSNA ftrSn^ V. n. To die, to ex- 
pire ; to be killed, to be destroyed. 

Bl^f f^S^ *•/ Supplication, pray- 
er, petition ; t. q. Bemit^ Benamtd. 



< 160 ) 





8. f. A calamity, 
distress, a misfor- 
tune, adyeisity, 



suffering, pain; plague ; e. w* vichchpaind, 

BIPPHALNA I^^<S6<S> } v.n. To be 
BIPPHARNA fa ' ^^/p ) cross or an- 

grjy to be refractory, to quarrel. 

BIPRf T f^lf^l? #. /. Corrupted from 

tbe Sanskrit Viprtt. Bisaffection, 
hostility, enmity ; opposition ; — a. Hos- 
tile, ikntagonidtic, unfriendly, opposed ; 
informal, irregular ; <. 5. karnd. 

Bf B JS\^ s. tn, A hero ; a brother (so- 
called by a sister) ; also a supposed class 
of invisible beings (fifty two in number), 
bttpematural power ; — a. Heroic, gal- 
lant, chivalrous : — Wr halt, s. /. An ear 
ring : — birhauhtv^ #. /. The name of a 
small insect, a ^ecies of Goccits with a 
back red and soft like velvet, generally 
^een in the rains ; a scarlet fly. 

^^$ ^rt f • f-t m* A volume made up of 

several distinct treaties, a book compos- 
ed or edited ; a range, a row ; the back- 
part of a book ; a boundary line between 
fields ; meadows or wood lands reserved 
for the use of government, a collec- 
tion ; c. to. bannhnd, hannJini, 

BI^A ^1^ 9. m. The stopper of a bottle, 

jar or flask of surmd ; beetle leaf prepar- 
ed for chewing ; a linen button : — bifd 
chakknd^ chukknd, uthdnd, v. a. To under- 
take some difficult enterpiise : — ghundi 
bird, g. m. A loop and button attached to 
a chogd or kurtd. 

BIRAGAN t^gtaRP 8 /. Corrupted from 
the Sanskrit word Vairdgan. See Bardgan, 

BlRAOf fegrgft *. m. See Bairdgl 

BIRHA f^^Ur 
BIRHON f^siil 

8. m. The pain ex- 
perieneedby Ipveirs 
in consequence of 

separation from each other; reparation 


V. n. To enjoy one- 

self ; to Hve in heafth, eas^ coirtent and 
independence ; to live, to dwell ; to 
graoe or adorn a meeting, to preside 
i. q, Bardjnd. 

BIRAJMAN fVjd'HM^ a. Brilliant, 

shining, presiding ; being in ease and 
independence ; t. j. Bardjmdn, 

BIRAK te?or»./. Acla^eringor rust- 

ling sound as of footsteps ; aii ihtima« 
tion of approaching danger ; 0. w, laini 
painty " ' 

BIRAMH^JA ftgWJS'K.n. To stay, 
BIBAMNA f^^Tf^ ) to stop, to re. 

main away from home ; to be pleas- 
ed with the scenes of a foreign country 
and to take up one's abode in it. 

BIRAlSr f^gr^ )«./. Corrupted from 
BIRA^af fad'cid ) tte Sanskrit Vdrt, 

Lands dependent for irrigation on rain in 
contradistinction to chdhi lands, which 
are watered by wells ;^a. Waste, depo- 
pulated; t. q. Virdn. 

BIRAnA ftld'A" s. m. A waste, 
solitude : — a. Strange, foreign. 

BIRAT f^g? 8. m. A circle, a segment 

fin Geometry):— fctVa^^&fljtci, s, m. Part 
of a circle:— 6im^ turyd, s. m. The fourth 
part of a ciixjle i-^gajdH hirat, s. m. Simi- 
lar circles i-^tul birat, *. m. Equal circles 


( 160 ) 


BIBAT fV|d''£{ «• /• Corrupted from the 

Sanskrit Vrdt. The party which ac- 
companies the bridegroom party to a 
wedding ; i. g. Bardt, 

BIRAt! flldlj) *• wi. One who joins a 
marriage procession ; {. g. Bardti, 

BIRBIRf fegfe^ t. /* Small boils 

. or pimples which come out on the body ; 
c w. uihni, 

BIRCHH f^US »• '^' Corrupted from 

the Sanskrit Vriksh, A tree, a 
plant: — halap hirchh, a. m. One of 
the fabulous trees of paradise said to 
yield whatever may be desired. 

BIRD fVldti «• ^- Daily use, prac- 
tice, task ; the garb of ektadhu: — hirdkar- 
nd, V. n. To repeat the name of God, to 
worship (properly Vird) : — bird khildr' 
nd, V, n. To be shameless. 

BIRDH (\|d^ «• Cld, aged:— Wrd^ 

av<i8th4, B, /. Old age:— 6irdfc sartr, 
s, m. An infirm, weak or aged person. 

BIRHf (<foJl ) inter. An exclama- 
BlRf fij^ ) tion used to restrain 

BIRHOU f^dO «• w- See Birah. 

BIRt^Rf i^d^ «• /• ^« eruption of 
small pimples ; t. q. Baruri, Bivhiri. 

BIRK ftlrfoj s, /. See Birah. 

BIRKH (\jdM «• ^- ^ ^^^^- See 

BIRK^jA ftfUSr^ t^. «. To speak, 

to utter a word ; to speak under com- 
pulsion ; this term is used when one is 
threatened to make him speak. 

BIRL fVldM «• / A small edifice, 

a very fine split; met. difference; t. q* 

BIRLA |q 0(3^1 a. Corrupted from the 

Sanskrit Virala. Pine, scarce, rare, 
wonderful ; uncommon, one of a thou- 
sand ; ». q. Virld 

BIRLAP [^d^lU *. ^. Sorrow, 

grief, mourning, weeping bitterly ; c. it, 
kamd; i, q. Virldp, 

BIRMAUlSrA ft[gW§S^ V, a. Te caaae 

to stop, to amuse, to allure, to reduce t» 

BIRODH f^dU «• w- Enmity, dispute,. 

contention, contrariety, opposition ; t. 9. 

BIRODHf feBlft 

^f' 1 Q^ar- 
8, m. > ref- 
BIRODHf A dj^lDYHT «./. m. J some. 

contentious, one who* makes himself 
objectionable ; an enemy ; t. q. Virodhan. 

BIRT ftra3 »• /• I^ivelihood, 


tenance : — dkd$ hirt, $^ /. Uncertain 
sources of maintenance, one who has not 
any apparent means of livelihood. 

BIRTHA flig^ a. Worthless, use- 
less, vain ; — txd. Worthlessly, uselessly, 
in vain, fruitlessly ; — ». w. A dead 
letter, a nullity. 

BIRTHf (^d^ o- See BirtU ;— «. /. 

(K.) A vampire who is said to take the 
shape of a leopard to devour people. 

BIRTf (qT^Hl «•/• Attention, oonoen* 
tration of mind. 


( 161 ) 


BIRUDDH ftr^Xf a. Opposite, adv^erse. 

contradictory ; — ad. On the contrary, 
in opposition, against ; %. q. Virtiddh, 

BIRWA (<|d^l. 9, m. A plant, a tree ; 

i. In want (of something), in need, 

BIS |V|71 s,f. Poison, venom, poison of 

reptiles or insects. The root and other 
parts of various species of Aconite (A 
napellut. A. ferox^ A lurtdum^ A plama^ 
turn) ; anger : — his gkolnd, v. n. lU, 
To vomit poison ; to be restless, to be in 
agony (applied to the contertions of a 
snake when being killed) ; to .speak ill of, 
to sneer at, to take revenge :— 6t» dend, 
V. ». To administer or give poison : — 
his khdnd, v. a. To swallow or take poi- 
son : — his khaprd, s. m. A medicinal plant. 
(Ptimula speciosa) ; the Draco volans ; a 
smadi perfectly harmless lizard, popular- 
ly supposed to be virulently poii^onous ; 

« • • 

BfSA ^TTT *• •»• "A. dog with twenty 

nails (some having only eighteen); a 
kind of amulet worn to ward of eviL 

BISAH f^J^lvl «- ^' Trust, faith, con- 
fidence, reliance ; c. w. khdnd^ kamd. 

BISAHAN (V||{lviA «* /• A stench or 

BlSilBUNA ftiUlOA ' V' ». To make 

to believe, to inveigle by inspiring false 
confidence ; t. q, Visdhund. 

BISAKH ImH^ '• '"*• Corruption of 

the Sanskrit Vishdkh. The name of the 
first month of the a^itronomical and th' 
second of the civil year, beginning in the 
middle of April ; l q, Basdkh, Visdkh. 

BiaAKHf f^l^rtf^ g./. Corrupted fron 

the Sanskrit VutdkhL The name of the 
first day of the month Biidkh ; t 


fair held on that day in different towm 
of the Panjab ; a bamboo for supporting 
khas di tatits put against doors in the 
hot weather. 

BISAISTBHAR fa j?^^ s. m. An epi. 
thet of Ood ; a title of Krishna. 

BISAlSDH fenhj^ ,. /. A stenph, 
BISANH fawa> > •Bti^. 

BISAISTDHA ftuhlTa. Fetid, foul smel. 

BISAR f^TH^ 9. f, Turmerio (Curcuma 
longa) ; i. g, Visdr, Haldt. 

BISAR DBiirA ftrJre€s» V. a. See 

BISARJA?? (VjMdH£ *. m. From 

the Sanskrit Visarjan, A prayer re- 
peated by Brahmans or other worship, 
pers at the close of worship for the pur- 
pose of giving the devtd his dismissal ; 
dismissal of a devtd; throwing the 
image of deity into holy water as the 
concluding rite of a festival ; c. w. 

V. a. To 
foi^t, to 
cause to 

bisArnA ftiWdA' 
bisarnA fa^dA ' 


BISA'T ftrW3 s. m. Capital ; stock in 

BISEKH f^tfa. Prom the San- 

skrit Vitheih. Excellent, peculiar, 

special, particular; abundant; t. f. 

Peculiarity, distinction. 

3ISEKHTX ^143» I ,. / 
ilSBKHTAf f^1^3l^(Bxoellenoe. 



( 168 ) 



1^. Corrapted 
from tli9 Glanskrit 

BlflHlN f^97 
BISAN ftrrijj 

Vuhnu, One of the Hinda triad, the 
-Deity in the character of the Preserver ; 
Viihnuy the husband of Lakshmi ; God : 
— bishanpadd, bishanpatd^ s. m. A song 
in praise of Vishnt^^ sang by lus votaries 
to the accompanimeint • of trumpets : — 
hishanvuni, «. vn. ]^?^.^7^ ceremonifHl 

BISHNf f^9?^> #. A ^ lo^er» » 

the favourite . amongst the visitors of a 

? restitute, iei s^asualist, a debatichee. 

BlSf ^Irft «. /. A score ; a bitoh that 
lias twenty nails. 

BXSMAD ftWWe *• AiMiod, Mto- 

• I ■ 

controls his anger ; a species of plant ; 
any antidote to a poison. 

BISSAKlirA films' V. n. To iest;to 

oxtingn^h or bum opt (a^ lamp); f. g. 
Vissammi ; i. q. Bisianmd, 

«. m. 

bissahbholA faijd^j op 

Forgetfnlness, error, mistaket, i^miss, 
a blunder : — bissar bhol, ad, Uninten- 

BJSSABjrA fj^Hd^l t^. n. yo slip 

from the memory, to be forgotten, to 
espape the recollection ; to fozge^ to bo 
mistaken ; i. q. Biuarni, VietHarud^ 

BISrA ft|#1<i) «. m. B^semapit, 
BISHTA falJ^I I oirdnre ; t. j. Vuh^. 

BISTAH f^TI^) JL fii. AM. bed. 
BISTABA f)jTT^) ding. 

the abode or resting place of a fagir ; 
«. v^ k%chfiduii4* vu^hfftm^t Aora|». • 



BISMAU^jA f^MUlQd'l •• •• To 
eztingaish (a lamp). 

BISMH^ ftrnOnSS »■ sacrificed an 

BISBAM f^McfH t. «b ^3Vom the 

Sanskrit Visrdma. Rest, repose, ease, 
conif ort ; a pause, a stop : — bitrdm kar^ 
na, V. a. To irest, take rest, repose ; 
to lie down, to sleep ; t. g. Visrdm. 

bi3rAij^jA (UMdiQ^i V>, «• To 

_ rail ■ mr \ • ^ ^ *. - v*^.' * - 

forget, to cause to forget, to derive out of 
one's mind, to mislead ; t. q. VindunS. 

BIST^JBl fttH3»3 '^ «. 

extention spreading out, diffusion, p]x>- 
liatity ; enlargement ; explanation* 

BISTiOlNA (^Md.l^A' v.^. To spread 
out| to enlai^ ; to explain. ' 

BISUAD f^ljmit! a. Insipid, flaTOc^ 
less .; t . g. Besawdd^ Binodd, 

BISt^GHKA f^^BoP) 9,^ .Si9kn6si| 
BIS^TKA f^TIHoP) ^^^^ vomiting 
and purging, cholera. 

BISWA f^n^ «. m, The twentieth 

part of a thing, partionlarly - of a h(ga\ 
of land ; a part, a portion. ; — hih Inaw 
qA, Almost to a certainty ; t. q. ^^<Mi^. 



( 1*8 ) 



Bf SWiOff l^ltn^ a. Twentieth ; t. q, 

BISWAS ^TPPTT 9. w. Doabt, appre- 

bensiaiiy hesitation ; wiiielrBiiiibn ; tnut, 
faith ; c. fo. kamd^ liaund. 

BIT f^ BttUc, dbM^ slatare ; abU- 
itj, power^ n^eana ; wealthy (ftabstance ; 

BITAl! f^H^ a- Forty-two. 


V. a. To look with astonish, 
ment at anj thing, to staw at; 

tfTAUBf^S^ r.f: Akiniofbird'. 


«: To fail, 
fall oat, to 

BrrCBN^ fa^^^ l f to 

disagree, to li» s— raged; to be snlky, 
to be rebellioxis'; t^ llei^ sfoiled, to 
be damaged ; t. g. Viifamd. BifftHndi 

BITHA ftigr ) f. r Pkin, affile 
BITHIX f^rfl^nP ) ^ion, distress ; cir- 

comBtaaees, naarative, deiailr 
QITHAK f^^^SC }$.m. SifMse, dis- 


BITHAK fan i qt ( tanos. 

MfHAU ^6A^* f^-^ A Iarg« earthen 

Tessel need bj djrer^'; an "epithet given 
to Krishna in Daccan; t. q, B^ihaJ, 

BipUEUNA ;(^6'0^l V. a* To oanse 
ti>sift^^:ta«eaty.^\Betile. SeevB^Aitis'. 

BiTr ^}^#,/. Of J A 

pap made of graiii and ikse^ lor ietdxnm 
birds ; ». g. B&t^^t: 

BITfT diJItl a. PtfMd ttiraj, gone : 

-^hUttnidn^ €L Transient ; {. g. Ba^{^ ; 
e* 19. hond, 

BiTfT^A ftiaflad ' «• • To pM. 


BITTH fe^ ) #. /. Space, distance. 
BITTHU ftl^ y separation (bf friends). 

BITTHU ^ jt..^. rit^. 
BrjTHAiirA f)3S^ v. !•: To di£g^ 


BITTULNA fM^P537 1;; h; To turn t<r 

I enrd; to oo«igal«to (milk)^ to be in a 
9mJ^h»9ii and perspiration. 

BIYAL fe^reS #./. rw;:^ flitotJKif/. 

BO ^ A /t Bad smell ; ^mei, pride, arro- 
gance ; a part of the gear of a loom ; — • 
bo nihaljdnii v: n. lit: To emit a bad 
smdll; met, to spread (bad news.) 

BOBX *9^ ) 8. m. Goods Und cbattels, 
BOBBA ^^IQT) property, wealth (spoken 

, of a man's property by one inimically 
disposed.-) '< - •' 






(164 ) 


BOBI §ql ) »./• Sister ; also mother, 
BOBO ^3 1 (* ^r°^ ®^ special endear- 


BOOHJ^A ^03* V. a. To catcli (a ball 
in play or any falling object.) 

B0P^3*./. Graia *^** .^*^ become 

musty from age or dampness j—fifv) 
A flood, the annual rising of a river :— 
Je bod dve, td bakht vadhdve\je na ave, ta 
hurd hhdve. If the flood come, it brings 
us good 'luck, if it dOes not cbme, 
drought consumes us. — Fi-ov, 

BOP A fe/. m. (U.) A cluster of 

flowers or fruit, especially of the tobacco 
plant, the flowers of which are picked oft 
ui order to give strength to the leaves :- 
lode bhanan, v, n. To pluck tobacco flow- 
er» ; i. 3. Ou^^ 

*BODAL ^^!^ «•/• A bottle (oorrup. 
tion of the English word.) 

BODDA ^^) a.. Injured by age, de- 
BOPPA :§^)cayed, worm-eaten, rot- 
ten (wood, cloth) ; worthless, stale ; 
weak ; feeble ; faint-hearted, timid. 

BODDA ^^ B. /. A woman's hair 
(spoken in anger' or contempt.) 

BOPpr i^'^ a. Fern, of Boidd ;— *. /. 
Old musty grain ; t. q. Bod. 

BODDf^^'^ «. /. The small tuft cf 

hair that a Hindu retains on the crown ; 
c. to. fnanniy rakhMi* 

BODH ^TI s. f. Wisdom, understand- 
ing, knowledge. 

BODHA^IJf ) a. Intelligent, ingenious. 
BODHf §l|^ ( sensible. 

BODHAR txra s. m. (M,) A ram, eo 
called betweep the ages of 6 ta 12 months.- 

BODLA ^tfA^. *. fn. A class of Moham- 

madan faqin supposed to be able to 
avert the evil eftn^te of the bite of ;a mad 
dog; — o. Simple, unsophisticated, -silly. 

BOOOA ^igp n. m. (M.) A species of 

the pulse called mo^;^. (PJ^asdofu aeonite^ 

BOGH :§Uf #. m, (MJ A kind of worth- 
less date, the fruit of which is hollow. 

BOGNA <tdlA' #•«»• A rope, or cloth, 

attached to a pot, or any similar 
vessel, as a temporary '"handle ; t. q. 

BOHAL $0M $. f. The. grain heap 

after threshing and winnowing ; — (M.) 
Small amounts of grain given in 
alms at harvest time to faqirt \ t. q. 

BOHA9 Qo^.f. m. The banyan tree. 
(Ficus Indica) ; t. g. Bohif. Bofh. 

BOHAB ^U'd «- m- C^v) The garret 

or attic room under the roof of a house ; — . 
{M,) Dust raised by sweeping, sweep- 
ings, dust, rubbish. 

BOHKAR ^Uoi:^ 


)i. q. 

(M,J A broom 

BOHIft Cfira «• «»• (^') ^ banyan 
tree (Fiou$ Indica) ; t. q. Bohdr^ Both. 


( IM ) 


BOHLt ^0^ •' / A BiBall heap of 

grain or anything else ; a collection of 
wozms, ants ; a collection of worms (in a 
Bore or carcase); •'. 5. BohuU ; — (M.) The 
first day's milk of cows and buftaios new- 
ly calved ; %, q. BauhU, 

BOH^rf ^OdH »• /• Th® first sale made in 

the morning wh'oh must always be a 
cash, transaction ; the first money 
received during the day by shopkeepers. 

OHUL 1)0^'- wi. A heap of grain 

(especially wheat) on a threshing floor, 
winnowed and ready for storing. 



collection of worms ; t. q. Bohli, which 

BOHU9 'Sfn^ 9. m. See Bohir. 


8, m. A burden, a load, a 

heavy weight ; met. trouble, a load of 
care : — hojh hond, v. n. To be costive, 
to be constipated. 

BOJHAL q^TS «• Heavy, burden- 
some, difficult to be borne ; indigestible. 

BOJJHA ^7^. m. A burden, a load 
to be carried by enforced labor. 

BOK ^o( 8. m. A he-goat of superior 

quality kept for breeding purposes ; any 

BOKKA i^ 9. w. A leather bucket 
used in drawing water from a well 

BOKKf §or1 * /. A small leather 
bucket ; a child's trousers (Provincial.) 

®0I^ ^?5 t. m. Speaking, manner of 

speaJcing, a voice ; that which is spoken 
word:~fcoi W/«, ,. «,. p«>,Sy: 
success, superiority (much used by 
faqirt, Brahmans ; m a benedic- 
iion) ^Parmeshar terd hoi hdlld rahkhM. 
May God give you success z-^hol haqdr. 
htgdr, a. Foul-mouthed, abusive, ill- 
tempered ; one who spoils a business 
by ^ unseemly speaking z^bol hagdr4 
htgaru, s m. f. Spoiling a business 
by unseemly lancrnaffe ; foul-mouthed, 
ill-speaking:— 60/ luUrd, s. in, the sound 
of human voices, the sound of quarrel- 
hng :~fcoZ chdl 8. /. Conduct,deport. 
ment, {ht speaking and acting) ; inter- 
course, acquaintance ; dispute, quarrel : 
—hoi utthna, v. a. To spealc out, to 
exclaim ; to a dispute or quarrel. 

dal, a. Entirely deaf. 


«. m. ) 
' f) 

Deaf person ; — a. 
Deaf :-^hold bad^ 

BOLAKAS ^<M>'oirf) a. Given to 
BOLAR $3519 ) mean prating, 
talkative, quarrelsome, contentious. 

BOLArA 5^1^ 8, m. The sound of 

voices in talking, the sound of quawel- 
hng ; the chirping of birds ; a collec- 
tion of many partridges kept for the 
sake of alluring others into the net • 
the sound made by decoy-birds. ' 

BOLDA fe^ 8. m. lit That which 

speaks, the soul, the heart, the mind, the 
life, the inner man. 



8,f. Quarrelling, disputing; talk, con- 


( 160 ) 


BOLLf UW^ «• /• ^ord, language, a 

hint, an intimation ; reviling, reproacli : 
—bolli dend, v. o. To bid, (at an 
auction) :—boZ« khdni, v. n. To be 
reviled, to be abused, to be ridiculed, to 
be defamed :—6oZK, Iduni^ mdmiy v. a. 
To reproach, to revile :— freUi tholli^ f./. 
Taunt, ridicule, raillery:— fcottiaii bolmi, 
i?.a. To chirp ; to speak or sing in a differ- 
ent tunes ; to abuse. 

talk, to utter a vor4, to sound, to emit 
a sound, to tell, to say ; to chirp, chirrup, 
to twitter ; to dispute, to qua^rreL 

BOMf §>ft *. m, A caste of Rajputs. 

A sack; ^ ba^ in 

BORA ^^ 9' fn.. 

which things are carried on the backs 
of pack animals ; a coarse bag: — (M.J 
A measure of grain varying in wei^giit 
from 6 maunds 16 seers, to 10 maancU. 


». a. (M.) Toditiwn, to 

sink : — dpni heri hof dittL Ton 
sunk your own boat. 


f . m. See Bokar, Boktr, 

BON iSt 

) *. m. 

J mir 

A weaver of Chw 

BORf ^^ 8* /. A sack, a bag of sack' 

cloth, which can hold about seven or 
eight maunds, a bag fpr loading gooda 
I on oan^ls, Sac. ; a large coarse purse. 

BOljipr ^J\ ) «. w. An abusive term 
B0Npt5 ^^ ) for the passive agent in 


BONf §^ »• /• ^ female of the Bond 

B01?KRr ^6L4\ s, /. (K.) A broom ; 
t. g. Bauhkary Bohdri^ Bahdri, 

BOR Mb «• «*• ^ ^^^^ ^^ ^^^^ ^^ ^^^^^^ 

ornament, worn on the feet, loins, arms, 
sometimes so made as to tinkle ;— (If.^ 
Meat, flesh. 

BOR^A ^qcT^ 8.nL A slight shower of 
rain, deficient rain« 

BOSA istJV «•«• Akiat. 

BOT ^3 y «. tiu An nnfeaihered yoniig 
BOT i^ ) sparrow ; a large bit of fleah, 

(spoken in derision.) 

BOT^ ^? <• «^ (^') ^ plant, A young 
rice plant. 


8, m. A break, a crack (in 

a vessel), removing one of a series or 
a row so as to make a deficiency ; loss, do- 
feet, injury ^of teeth) ',—(M,) See Bod. 


a. Broken (a tooth) ;— #. en. 

One whose tooth is broken ; an earthen 
vessel which has its upper part broken. 

^OTAL 1ET335 s. /. A botOe (Cor- 
rupted from the English.) 

BOTf ^^ 8. nu (K,) A Brahman 

BOTTA iS^ 8. m.> A _ , 

•^ \ A yonng camel. 

BOTTf ^g^ s. /. J 


( 167 ) 


BOTTA ^^\ s. m. . A sugar-cane slip for 

BOTT^ 5^7 *. /., m. A amall piece of 
aeBh;— ("ITJ A cook. 

BOWAf it^r;^ $. m. (K^ A ahepherd. 

BirA ^|yMf «. /. An epithet of a Devi ; 
— (M.) A father's sister. 

BIJAL 2^^!^ «, m. Scarcity arismg 
from drought, or famine. 

BUAR ^g>M^ *. w. A stock or plant of 
sesame that has borne no seed. 



(a dog). 


a. Crop*eared; hav- 
ing very small ears 


a /. (M.) A woman's breasts 

: — hihi kdnun hube l)dr{ thie pien The 
Iftdj's breasts liave become heavier 
than herself. 

Bt^BA ^pjT $. m. The month, the face 
t>f a child. 

BUCHKA ^BW i. m. Cormpted from 

the Arabic word Bmqehah. A bundle of 


BUCHKARNA g do(ldA ' V. a. To 

call ahorse, cow or other animal by mak- 
ing a special sound. 

BUCHKf 5Boft,. /. Corruption of 

the Arabic word Buqchah, A small 
bundle (of clothes) r-Wn margai ndng- 
gi dh% dd ndn huchki. lit. The mother died 
naked, the daughter's name is huchh%. 
— Prov. concerning those who are 
ostentatious, or of those who boast of 
having much while they really have no- 
thing at all. 


V. n. (M,) To sink, 

BUBBH igg $. /, Crying, sobbing ; 
e^MO. mirfi\;i.q, Bhuhhh. 

Bt^Bf '^^ 9.f. A kiss; the mouth; 
the face (of any thing.) 

iitJCHA^ 5^(3 ,. m. Corrupted from 
the English word huicher. A but<;her. 

BlJCHAR geg ,. ^. (M.) Husks of 

the great millet (Sorghum vulgare) with- 
out grain. 

todive, to be drowned ;-.lfttZ/a« budan 
tjwn/iir Hta, hatth, 4e^ manjUr kd Hid. 
The Mullah preferred to be drowned 
rather than give his hand (by which 
he would have been saved) :— Prov. on 
the avarice of Mulldhe. He would not 
even give his hand to save himself. 

BUDDH grf^./., m. Sense, under- 
standing, wisdom, discretion, intellect, 
quickness of apprehension, discrimina- 
ti^^ Wednesday :-.6ttiWAin4fn, buddhwdn; 
a. Wise, sensible, intelligent, sagacious :— 
huddhwdr, s,m, Wednesday ;— a. Five ; (in 
the argot of shopkeepers, especially of 
cloth merchants.) 

old man. 


Old ; — s. m. An 

BUppHABf ^^ .. /. f 


An old per- 
son (spokeu 


( 168 ) 


BUPPHBALED g^TO^ a. (W. old 

bull) O'd, like an old bull, t. e, old 
enough lut nevertheless devoid of under- 
standing ; stupid, silly. 

BUppHf 5^1 #. /. An old women, 

a woman, a term applied to any woman 
when addressing her in a disrespectful 
way, sometimes used instead of mother 
as be buddhieyO mother. 

BUDDHf H'lH s, /. Wisdom, under- 
standing, sense, discretion, intellect: — 
huddht mdn or wdn^ s. m, A wise, 
sagacions man ; an examination in Gur- 
mnkhi held by the Punjab Uniyersity. 

BUDDH SUHAGAN ^tTljO'dlS ». /• 

An old woman whose husband is still 
living: — huddh suhdgan ho. May your 
husband live till you are alive. Is a 
benediction given by an elderly woman 
or by a priest or a sddku, to a young 

In old ago. 

BUDHKA gXI5fT*.«k. A boy's pigment 

stand; it is used by tQhool boys in 
writing on their wooden tablets, 

BUDHKA H^ofY a. Preoarions, Icim 
ward, smart (a child.) 

BUpHRA 5^5^ ,. m. 


An old pepw 
son (spok^fe^ 

BUDKf §^ ),./. A golden 

BTJDKiAN ^^Q^y^ J coin worth five 

BUDDHO^^'^) «• ♦»• Bom on 
BUDDHtJ gg' J Wednesday ; silly, 

stupid, foolish ; a dunce, an idiot 
BUPPNA 5^7? t;. n. (M.) To dive, 

to be dipped, to be drowned, to sink; 
t. q. Budan, Dubbnd. (of which it is a 

BUDH ^TJ s. m, (M.) A river inlet. 

BUDGAR y^fdld *• ^' (^0 ^ heavy 

piece of wood used for gymnastic ex- 
ercises ; a dumb bell ; i. 9. Bugdar^ 

BupHApA TOi4r| ^ ^ ^^^ ^ 

BUPHEPA ^^i^|T ) 



Corruption of 
the Arabic 

BUpn BHAS Hii$H\ r, m. An old 


word Bugchah, A bundle carried on the 
back or on the head ; a bundle of clothes ; 
t. q. Btichkd, Buchki. 

BUGDAR ^dl^d *. m. See Bndgar, 


BUQG gdl «. m. A cloth ease op oover^ 

ing (especially of a. sword, gun, shield, 
musical instrument, drum) ; a state 
officer entrusted with the scourge. 

BUGGHAR '§UJ^ a. Fat-oheeked. 

BUH ^O «• /• A muous discharge 

that passes from a buffalo in the early 
stage of being with calf. 

BITHA gtP 9. m. A door, a window, t 
house :~-^Aar dd MAi d^'e dd hmd, 


( 169 ) 


{Uf. to turn the door of the house) To 
waste monej, to spend all a man 
possesses on any one case or thing. 

BUHAL ^cR5 «• ^- T^® grain heap 

after threshing and winnowing; — (M.) 
A yearly f^ to a spiritual teacher (mur- 
shtd) . The Murahids go around to their 
disciples' houses and demand their hukal 
in the naost shameless manner, and even 
carry off articles by force if refused. 
If the disciples are slow in giving, the 
fiiurshids curse them and heap most filthy 
abuse on them. Refusals are very rare. 
The murshids kno^Ti as phuUdgewalas, 
t. 6. who give amulets to their disci- 
ples, are notorious for this kind of ex- 
tortion z—buhal de nd idnjhuge kun bhd 
lenddin. Give the huhul, if you do not 
I will set fire to your house. This is a 
mild specimen of the way in which 
murshidB stimulate their disciples. 






BUHAB ^U'd ^- ^^ Conduct, be- 

Kayiour ; business, calling ; trade, traffic, 
commerce, bargain. 

BUBOliX ^\3W 9- m. A kind of adae. 

BUHUL <40^ «• ^ A ^^P (especi. 
ally of wheat.) 

BUHUijf gUgft ** /. See BohwiL 

BtJf 2f^*. /• (Pot) "The smener" 

a name given to tKe following plants :-^ 
Crotaliaria hurhia (Legwmfu>9ae) used 
for ropes, and as a cooling medicine. 
Ophelia alata (Oentianacea) used as a 
tonic and febrifuge. Franeoeuria crupa 
(GampositcB) used in veterinary medicine 
for wounds and bruises. Balloia limbata 
(Labiatae) a fodder for goats, used for 
the gums children and for Opthalmia in 
man and beast. Plectranthtu rugoius 
(Labiatae) the well known "Flea plant." 
It keeps off fleas and forms some sorts of 
" Insect powder." : — Bui cKhofi^ s. /. Taw 
deria pelosa (Salsolacea) used medicinal- 
ly : — but kaldn, 8. /. Aema bovii (Amarant 
aceae) the woolly fruit is used for stuff- 
ing pillows and also medicinally. 


8. m. A child (used near Sar- 

hand); — (M.) Spreading the hand before 
the face. This is considered a most inBult 

ing gesture. 

BttjH 99 $.f. Understanding, dis- 
BUHARA '^kPB^ 8. m. I fJtf.J Abesom; cretion, wisdom. 
BUHARf 501^^. /. 3 the fruit ^b^jj^ g^,. ^. A stopper of a bottle; 

stalk of the date-palm after the dates are a menstruous cloth \^(M.) The act of 
plucked :— «cM lch<^%jia%nde lambe buhdre; | spreading out the hand bef<»e a person's 

face, the pabn being towards him. This 
is a very grave insult. 

8ah{ nd dhatn fdM iede Jcvre Idre. A tall 
date-tree which has long fruit-stalks ; 
I did not know, love, that your pro- 

mises were false. — Song. 

BUHArI IjiJlJ) «• /• A broom ;— a. 

Skilled in trade ; upright and honest in 
business transactions; not very pure. 

BUHARNA ^Una^ V. a. To sweep. 
BtJHeil 'SiKS^ «. /. <^') SeeBohni. 

'^ItBUJjl 5?f^ *./. The stopper of a bottle 
— bujji Idchif 8. m. A small cardamum. 

BUJEA 'Q"^ *. i». ") Corrupted from 
BXJJKf S tloft *• /• j *^® ^^^ ®^ 


BtJjLf SfilT^ B. f* A cylindrical ear 


( 170 ) 


(Pot.) A 
monkey (from 

8. m. ") O 

B. f. ) of 

the Ara- 

BtJjO rf 

the Persian hoazna, 

BUKCHA gSra^ f . m 

BUKcnr ^cttfl 

bio word JSu^c^^. See Buchkd, Buehkt. 

BUKHAR 5^f^ *. w. Steam, a 

glowing heat ; fever ; grief, anguish, an- 
ger, wrath, excitement; a basket or 
box attached to the nnder-side of cart 
usedfor holdingkniok^knacks ; a granary. 

BTJKKkRk ^rorgr $. m. A kind of 

cloth used for woman's trousers: — 4Ut 
hukhdrdj a.m. The Bokhara or purple 
plum (Prunua domesHcusJ 

BUKHArI 5Vr^ «. /• A granary. 

BtJKHAR 5>ra «• Fat and stout 
with little sense ; t. g. Bustar. 

BXJKIL gforjS B. .m., /. (M,) A kind 

of plant, growing in light sandy soil, 
it springs up with the crop, and chokes 
it; a way in which women wear their 
sheets, the end is carried across the 
breast and thrown over the shoulder : — 
nd hwrkd nd hukil, te behi masture. She 
a modest woman \ why she wears neither 
vail nor hukiL — Prov. 

BUKK ^SC 9. m. A double handful, 

the cavity formed by the lower borders 
of the two hands being put together. 

BTJKELA ^oP '• ^- ^ handfull of 
dust brought by the wind ;i, q. Bhvkkd. 

BUKKAL HdCiS s. /. See Bukkul. 

BUEKHA 1?^ a. Of large stature and 

little sense. 
BUKKNA ^oT^I V. n. To roar (as 

a lion) ; to make a loud ' bleating (a 

goat) ; to be filled with pride ; to b« 
brave and fearless. 

BUKKO BUKK ^"^oT ad. By 


B CTKKUL ^TTS *. /. A mode of put- 
ting on a shawl or sheet, with one end 
hanging down behind over the shoul- 
ders; e. it. mdrni. 

Bt^Ktal ^pSC^ *. /. A small jet steam 

as from a hole in a vessel, a jet ; rr w. 

bukrAlia hoiA go(d'ft6^H'^fe W 

part. a. Agitated, perplexed, very 
thirsty ; going about bellowing (the 
males of bufEaloes or goats in heat) ; fill, 
ed with pride, puffed up withan-ogance. 

BUKRALNA gSranSn? V. n. To be 

very thirsty ; to be perplexed ; i. q. Bak^ 

BT^LA T^S^ 8. m. (M.) A pendant 

ornament of gold worn in the cartilaga 
of the nose. 




BULAHAT ^d6>0^ ». /. CalUng, 

BULAE ^MW 8. m. A trinket worn 
in the nose. 


a. See Bikind, 

bulAbA g^ i ^ i 

m. The sonnd 
human voices ; 

noise ; the sound made by decoy-birds. 
BULAU^JA gSSlfSTr. a. TocaU, to 


( "1 ) 


Bummon, to send for, to invite ; to con- 
dole with. 

BULAwA ^^1^1 •. m. Summon, call, 


BULBX7L ^9S^75 «. /. The Indian 



BTJLEL ^m7? *•/• Sound, voice of 

speaking, the sound of human voices, 
word, manner, intelligence, news ; i, a, 

BULHI^? 5^53 *. f. (M) The 

fresh water dolphin found in the Ganges 
at its mouth (Platanista Oangetieae). 

Bthi ^3^ 8. f. (M.) Originally a 

water channel or streani of water ; a 
share in the water or in the land 
irrigated from it. 

BUlgkt ^^\}f\ ».f. The price of wear- 
ing; t. q. Bindi. 

BtJNAR H^ld *. m. (K) A thicktft 
of oaks. 


8, m. A lip. 

BULLA ^^[75^ 9- f»- A blast of wind 
(especially the dry south wind.) 


$.f. The porpoise 

or dolphin ; a piece of iron used as a 
mould in forming the eye of an axe or 

bull! "gsf^ *• /• (^) A large section 

of the tribe of the Miankhels and Bar- 
bars, amongst whom both the land and 
water are divided. 

BULWAUijA g ^^lQd' t7. a. See 

BUNAUT 5?7g<r 8. «. Corrupted from 

the Hindi word Bandvat Construction, 
structure, formation, manufacture ; work- 
manship, handiwork; frame, form; fa- 
shion; fabrication, foi^ery, perjury 

BtJljIBA ^^ tf. m. A bubble, of froth 

or foam ; a small piece of (xMon wool used 
as a stopper of a little bottle, or used 
to clean a wound. 


8, f, A drop, a drop of 
water or medicine ; cloth 

that has been tied in dyeing so as to 
leave spots or patches of white (used 
• by women for petticoats.) 

BUNp 5^ ' »»• The rectum, the anus : 

— bund bhirikkd, bhirihU^ 8. /. Mutual 
sodomy : — bund pdrnd, v. a. (lit, to 
crack the anus.) To put one in a great 
fright:— 6ttn^ pdfna, v. w. (lit. the 
anus to be cracked.) To be in a great 
fright: — bun4 chafndj v. a. (lit to lick 
the anus). To fawn and flatter, to toady : 
— bun^ mardund, v. n. To suffer sodomy, 
as a catamite : — bund mdmd, v. a. To 
commit sodomy : — bund ragarnd, v, n. 
(lit to rub the anus). To try or labour 
very hard : — bun^ vichch gunk nd hand, 
17. n. (lit to have no faeces in the rectum) 
To be extremely poor — bun4 vichch ungal 
dendj v, a. (lit, to thrust one's finger 
up the fundament.) To harass, to vex, 
to annoy. 

BUNDAg^*. m. A man's ear trinket, 
an ear ring. 

BlJ^frpA ^||y *. m. The part of a carrot, 

turnip, radish, and similar vegetables 
where the green top joins the root. 


( 172 ) 


BthSTDf T^f^ 8.f, The nam© of a Bweet- 

meat ; it is of two kinds, the one coarse, 
the other finer, with a coating of sugar : 
— bundi de laddu, s. m. Balls of hundi 
sweetmeat consisting of the meal of grams, 
ghi, and sugar. 


0*s /\ 

A na 





8'f' A 



vince of Central India, the Central Pro- 

BUNDRAL jytfdirt ) 8. /. (K.) Mat-- 

ll^ ) ting of rice 

BUNfifA ^S2? f. n. To weave. 

BUNNH 525 prep. (K,) Below, 
neath, under ; down ; i. q. BunK 



BUNGGA I^Utr 8. m. A seat, sitting ; a 

habitation ; a house, especially one of the 
costly buildings erected by the Sardars 
around the Golden Temple at Amritsar ; 
the lofty peak in which an Akdli finishes 
his head dress. 

BUNH gS ad. (K.) Downwards or 

below : — hunk jdnd^ v, n. To go down > 
i g. Bunnh. 

BUNIAD 5tey>re «•/• Foundation ;— 
(M.) A superior proprietory right in land. 

BUNIADf gfi^THT^ a. Belonging 
to the foundation ; — a. (M.) Ancestral. 

BUNNHA gST a., 8. m. Stupid, silly, a 
blockhead, an idiot. 


BIHJWAf 55^n^ 8. f. The price af 
weaving ; weaving. 

BUNWAUt?A ^A^'OA" v. a. To cause 
to be woven, to cause to be made. 

BUPAR gira «• w. Corrupted from 

the Sanskrit word Vaydpdr. Trade, 
merchandize, commerce. 




». /. ^ Cormp. 
8, m. J tion of 

the Sanskrit word Viydpdri, A dealer, a 
trader, a merchant. 

buniAdar ^(XyMrtf'd «• /• (^0 A 

woman that owns the Bunidd, 

BUR 2d s. m. The nap of cloth : — 8. 

f. (M.) A woodshaving ; a rag torn oE 
his cloth by a faqir and given to his 
disciple and kept by the latter as an 
amulet :—/a5<r di bur te amir d% dur 
barabbar han. The faqtr'8 rag is as good 
as the merchant's pearl. — Frov, 

BUR gg 8. m. The fructi^ng dust 

which is formed in the anthers of plants, 
pollen, farina ; sawdust ; a green scum 


( 173 ) 


that is formed on the surface of stag- 
nant water : — bur de laddu^ s. m. {lit, a 
sweetmeat made of the green scum 
aforesaid) Deception, ostentation. 

B15rA ^B^ 8. m. Wheat bran ; refined 

sugar; — hurd surd, or chhdn hurd, s. m. 
Wheat bran and husks of gram mixed 
together ; — a. Light brown, (used of the 


a. Bad, ill, evil (physical- 

ly or morally); hurtful, pernicious; un- 
favorable, unfortunate ; merciless, cruel ; 
hateful, odious ; — a. m. Injury, harm, 
mischief, ill-conduct ; a wioked person, 
an enemy : — burd bandund^ v. n. To 
cause to fall in one's estimation : — burd 
banndf v, n. To be considered as an evil ; 
or mischievous person : — burd bhald, s, m. 
Abusive language : — burd chttTncmd, v. 
n. To think ill off: — burd din pdund, or 
paind^ v. n. Presents made to a Hindu 
widow by her own and her deceased 
husband's relatives on the 11th or 13th 
day {hirtfd day) after the death of her 
husband : — burd hdly s, m. A deplorable 
or bad state : — burd hdl kamd, v. a. To 
reduce to a wretched condition : — burd 
kamdy v. a. To do wrong, to hurt : — 
burd lagnd, v. «. 0pp. of Achchhd lagnd 
— : burd mandund, v, n. To take ill, to 
take amiss. 

BUBAIRS^^dM #. m. A kind of 
^lant (Bhadodefidron arbareum). 

Bu^ 9^ 8, m. ^ Having no ears, 
Bu^I V^ *. /. ) having the ears cut 

off entirely or partially ; one whose ears 
Az^ mutilated ; one whose nose is bored. 



BURANG g^ 8. m. (U.) A black 
variety pulse. (P<^86olu8 mase). 

BU^AT ggp^ 8. m. Talking or crying 
out in sleep. 

BTJ9AUNA f^STi;. t». To talk 

in sleep, to cry out in one's sleep, to 
talk incoherently in one's sleep. 

BU^BHASS 533^ s. m. An old 

BU9BU5AT§g§gp5r*./. Muttering, 
chattering, talking foolishly. 

q^ 8, m, A large family. 

t. m. The BeMa bhcjpaitra. 

BURAlA yd>M> «. »*• The noise of BURHAkA 
liTunan voices;*, q. Buldrd, hhuqqd. 

BU9BU9AUNA gSS^iW^T t;. n. To 
mutter, to chatter, to talk nonsense. 

BUpBUjf H^H^ 8. /. A smaU bubble. 
BTJBCHHA gUgf ,. m. a spear, a lance ; 

Perverse, impolite, rude, nnpolish- 
ed ; stupid :^-hureKh€ gardi, #. /. Rebel- 
lion, msurrection ; mntiny. 

BDBCHHNA gggJSI «. a. Tocut slight- 
ly, to trim with goissors. 

BURD ^g^ ,. /. Cocks, partridges. 

nightingales kept for fighting for wagers : 
—a. ^ived, destroyed, lost, laid down : 
—bwdhojdnd, V. a. To perish, to lose 
every thing, to go to ruin. 

BURDO BURDf §^$§3^ ,. «. To 

fight cocks, and other birds on the condi- 
tion that the winner of the game takes 
both birds. 

Sr9U'0(i f . m. The noise of 



( 174 ) 


JBURHAL QdU'C^ '• w- -A. deplorable or 
bad state, wretched condition. 

BUJBlBU^f §^^# «. /. A small 

BUIli ^Ol «• ^6™- o^ Burd. 

BtJjfA H^^W «• wt. The cog or tooth of 
a cog wheel. 

BURlAf gfeW^ 8. /. Evil, badness, 
wickedness, mischief, 

BURIAR ^fcJ^d '•^' Anerildoer, 
a bad man. 

BURJ ydM »• ^- A tower, a bastion ; 

balloon, a kind of firework ; a constella- 
tion, one of the Zodiacal signs. 

BURjf ^dtO «. /• A small tower ; a 

pillar or heap of mud erected to 
demark boundaries ; — (M,) A mud 
platform on which a watcher stands. 

BURSAUNA ^dM'Qd' «• »• To cut 
or trim leather. 


#, m. Biting, a bite, the 

BURSNA ^dMA* V. o. To cut slight- 
I ly, to trim leather. 

BURIYAR ^(cJM>d o. See Bnridr. 

Bt^SAR UMd <^- Tall and stout but witl) 
little sense ; i. g. Bu$tar^ Bukhar. 

BUSARI ^M^ s.f. SeeBhutari. 

BUSAUNA gUT^^T ». a. To cause to 

BUSBUSAT §1WW;Z *. m. Sobhinf. 

complaining, murmuring ; rottenness, 

BUS BUS karna gTOlRra^ I r. 

BUS BUSAUNA t<i4^i4 l Qcfci ) » 

To snivel, to sob, to be ready to wetp, 
to be on the point of weeping. 

BUSBUSf Al!? ^nFraiflW s. /. Sobbinr. 

quantity taken at a bite ; a mouthful, 
a morsel. 

BURKA S^of^ *• ^- (From the Arabic 

word Burqd.) A veil covering the entire 
person and furnished with eyeholes 
(worn by Muhammadan women mostly 
when they go abroad,) 

BURKf ^gsft s, /. Fern, of Burk, 

BURKNA 5do( A' ^' •« '^^ sprinkle, 
to wet^ 

BUSKNA IJMotAI V. n. To sniTel, to 

BUSSA "mP a. Of sad countenance. 

sorrowful ; unadorned, without jewelry ; 
of unusual appearance. 

BUSSNA TTRT^ v. n. To rot, to stink. 

BUSTAR ^rra a. Fat and stout with 
little sense. 


( 175 ) 





* g. w. See Butt. 

8, m. A stalk or plant of chand 

(Gicer arietum) ; family, race, household ; 
a boot (corruption of English.) 

BTJtA ^^T $, m. A bush, a shrub, a 

tree, a stalk of grain, a plant, a flower 
or fio^are stamped or worked on cloth ; 
the reed grass (Saccharam sara) : — dkdi 
h^fe te mian hdghdn. Two trees and a half 
and mmn (the gentleman) for a gardener. 

BUTAIT gH'feH s. f. (Corruption of 

the Hindi word Buhatdt.) Abundance, 

a. Flowered, figur- 

ed (as chintz.^ 

a^TEMAR ^^W^g a, m. lit. One who 

clears jungle. A person who acquires a 
tenure of land by clearing the jungle 
and bringing the land under cultivation . 

Bl^TEMARf g^H^ 9, m. lit. The act 

of clearing jungle. The tenure acquired by 
clearing jungle and bringing land under 
cultivation. The nature of the tenure 
so acquired has varied at different times, 
and now varies according to locality. 
Under former Governments clearing the 
jungle and bringing the land under cul- 
tivation usually constituted the hutemdr 
proprietor of the whole or half of the 
mnd cleared. At present he is generally 
entitled to become only a tenant with 
occupancy rights in the land cleared. 
On the banks of Indus he becomes only 
an occupancy tenant. On the Chenab he 
may become owner of half or a third 
or occupancy tenant of the whole of the 
land cleared, according to the agreement 
made with the onginal proprietor. 

Bt^TH H^ *. m: The mouth and face of 

a horse, camel, or other animal ; filling, 
up to the brim ; vexation : — buth chdjrhnd^ 
V. n. To fill up to the brim ; to vex. 


BUTHA g^ $. m. ") The mouth of 
BUT Hi Ml|| •. /. \ animal, a snout. 

BUTHA^^a. (M.) Rotten. 

BUTHA^t gijl^ 8. m. The face and 

mouth, the face and mouth of an 
animal: — hiUhdr bhann 8attad, v. a. 
To break a man's face (spoken in anger.) 
Anglice. To punch the head* 

BUTHA5^?A g^^f^^T V. a. To beat, to 
assault, to inflict damage on the face. 

Bt^TH^fA '^^Sl^ t;. a. To fill up to the 

BtJTf ^T^ 8. /. Hemp ; a herb, any 

medicinal herb; a flower or figure on 
cloth or leather. 


8. m. An idol ; an image ; 

a shot taken at coxori^^ in the course 
of a certain game ; — a. Silent, speechless, 
dumb ; stupified, senseless ; c. to. hand 


9. m. The gum without the 

teeth, a toothless gum (spoken of am 
infant or an old man.) 


a. Without ornament, un- 

adorned, without bracelets. Also see 


8. m. Fraud, deception. 

trick, cajolery, overreaching ; means, 
power, ability ; c. w. ilrndf vidrm. 

BUTTAR y^6 «• ^*- A subdivision 
of Jats. 


( 176 ) 


BUTTHA ^§S^ Past tense irref^. oi Bars- 
nd, to rain ; i. q, VufUid. 

BUTTHA ^P^T 8. w. A root of a jawar 

ft talk ; the core of a boil, or sore ; 
pi*oad flesh ; a clot of blood. 

BUTTf H^O 8,f, Labour, (especially 

compulsory) ; unrewarded service (of 
barbers and Brahmans) ; c. w. jdnd, karnd 


s. m. See Butt, 


CHA ^ ». /• Corrupted from the Hindi 

word Chdh. Desire, wish ; love ; avidi- 
ty ; appetite, hunger ; liking ;— an im- 
perative form of w. a. Chdundj rise. It 
is generally used as prefix before some 
verbs such as chdke lidund^ ckd laind 
chddend; i-q- Chdh. 

CHAB ^T^ 8, f. The act of chewing ; 
anything to chew as parched grain. 

CHABAf tJ^I^ «• /• The act of chew- 
ing parched grain. 

CHABAK gr^of *. m. (P.) A whip ; a 

hardship ; — chdhak mdmd, v, n. To whip, 
to lash : — chdbak sudr, s, m. A rough 
rider, one who breaks in horses ; a jock- 
ey : — chdbak sudrtj s. f. Breaking in 

CHABAL tJ^A «> '• ^-^ /• Stupid, 

silly ; blockhead, idiot ; a degraded, low 

CHABAtJ tJ^lQ »• ^' O^® ^^^ chews 

CHABAUtJA tm\Q^^v,a. To cause to 
be chewed ; to chew, to masticate. 

CHABB^lA g^St t;. n. To champ, to 

grind between the teeth, to crunch, to 
chew anything dry and hard, as parched 
corn, sugar-candy. 


7S Is./. 


A tribe who 
the banks 


of K4hnuw4n lake in the Gurdaspur dis- 
trict ; they snare wild fowl, catch fish 
and prefer these pursuits to agi*iculture. 

CHABHAK ^f^oT t. /. A pricking 

pain in the eye or other tender part ; 
c. w. mdmd ; i. q, Chubhctk. 

CHABHOLA eBw s. m. A stroke or 

hurt in the eje-.^-chahhold jhdrndy v, a. 
To perform a ceremony (throwing oil 
into water and looking at it) by which 
a hurt is supposed to be removed from 
the eye ; t. q, Jhahhold. 

CHABf NA tJi/)<S' » »»• Anything chew- 

edand eaten between meals (as parch- 
ed grain ) ; day food of the poor in 
Oudh consisting of parched grain par- 
taken of two or three hours before 
the midday meal. 


tJ«»eOA' ) «^. a. Tc 

To work 
in the 

mouth, (as food in the process of mas- 

GHABtt B^ a. Fit to be chewed 

GHABt^TRA 'BW^ 9. m. An earthen 

or masonry platform to sit on ; a police 
office, a custom house. 

ghAchA grgT 


A father's 
younger brother, 

an uncle ; children sometimes address 
their fathers also by this term. 


( 177 ) 


CHACHf BH^ ) 8. /. Father's 

CHACHCHf grg^ ) younger brother's 


CHACHIGAL tjftjdlj^ «. m. (M.) A 

horizontal bar moving on a pivot round 
a vertical post. It is used to teach child- 
ren to -walk. 

of meal, used as a term of contempt ; 
adegraded person i—chagal chaff, s. m., / 
One who eats the leavings of every one • 
met. a person of low, mean disposition. 

CHAGALNA tJOICdTS^ t;. a. To defile 

food or drink, as a dog or a child, by 
eating of it, thereby making the remain- 
der unclean ; to eat without appetite. 

CHADAR B»^g j ,. /. A sheet, a 
CHADABA tJ"t!d' [shawl; sheet iron, 
C HAD DAB ^^^ J copper, zinc or 

tin ; a kind of firework in imita- 
tion of a waterfall ; a cascade, an 
inclined plane for a sheet of water to 
pass over; the ceremony (among Sikhs) 
of marrying a widow to a brother or 
other relative of the deceased husband. 
It consists in having a single sheet 
spread over the contracting parties by 
the ofiiciating grantht: — chddar chhatt, 
s, f. A cloth spread under the roof 
as a coiling. 


See Chagldund. 

> V, a. 


s. m. The groin : — 

chadde gdte hat dendy v, a. To bring 
the neck down to the groins, as in the 
wrestling ; to subdue, to bring under. 

CHADDHA ^^T ,. m. The name of 
a caste of KhatrU ; also a caste of Jats. 

of a tribe. 

«. m. (M.) The name 

CHA DEJirA gr^^T r. o. To give, to 
take up and give; to raise up. 

CHADIAUNA gfen|t§^ V. a. To 

bring the neck down to the groin, to 
throw (as in wrestling) ; to subdue, to 
bring completely under. 

CHAGAL tJdIM *. /• The leavings 

CHAGATTA HgiHT 8. m. A title of 

the Mugal dynasty of Dehli ; a man 
of fine portly appearance and bearing. 

CHAGLAUNA ddlWgg l V. o. To 

cause to be defiled ; i, q, Ohag(dwdund. 

CHAH tJ'U «• /. Desire^ wish, love, avid- 
ity, appetite, hunger, liking; tea. 

CHAHA B^n *. rn. The lower stratum 

of a mud roof which may consist either 
mud or of bricks ; a snipe ; c, to. pduni. 

CHAHAK tJ>UO( a. Affectionate; one 
that desires ; a lover. 

CHAHAL tJIJM *. m. A sub-division 
of Jats. 

CHAHARNA gruaST v. a. To raise, 

to cause to mount or ascend, to set on ; 
to offer in sacrifice ; to cook relish or 
eatables for bread. 

CHAHAT ^1^3 8. /. Desire, will, wish- 
ing, liking; love. 

CHAHE f^ij s, m. pi. The eyes (spok- 
en of a hawk, the eyes of which are 
artificially closed on its first being 


( 178 ) 


caught, xmtil it lias become somewliat 
tamed). It ia also used metaphori- 
cally : — chahe hhulne» The removing of 
the covering from the eyes; obtaining 
increase of knowledge ; tne casting off 
all modesty and shame. 

CHAHE '^Jq conj. Either, or. 

chahichahAt BftraU^ •• »»• 

The singing of birds, warbling, twitter- 

chahichahAu^A tjRjdU>Qc^i «'• 

a. To sing as a bird, to warble. 

OHAhI DA tJ'Jltll a. Desirable, pro- 
per, necessary. 

CHAHIKA gftlon «. w. A kind of fire- 

CHAHIK^iA 'dRjo(<&l V. «. To sing 

or sj^eak in a pleasing style like a 
nightingale ; to make a noise like a 

CHAHIL BAHIL BftTB^SftlW ^»^ /. 
CHAHIL MAHIL tlR]j6Hp0tt ) '• «*• 

Jollity, merriment, cheerfulness, mirth. 

CHAHLIA tJIdd^nP s. m. The year 

40th especially the year 1840 . of Bik- 
armajit, memorable for a famine which 
occurred then ; the period of forty days 
for performing any vow. 

CHAHMAN B^innS a- Desirous^ a 

CHAHNA ^Prn? *• /• Desire, wish ; 

GHAH^A tjKJC^ V* ^* ^o desire, 

to love, to wish, to like, to choose, 
t o demand, to ask, to want, to need, to 

require, to pray, to attempt, to be on 
the point of doing a thing. 

CHAHOISI t*0 ] a. All four i^chdhmn 
CHAHUl;? By [ chakki, ad. In the fonr 
CHAHtJlJ gvl ) q^iarters of the world : 

— chahun choran di mdr. ilU the 
punishment of four thieves). A severe 
punishment, heavy calamity : — chakum 
disd, 8. f. The four quarters or countries of 
the world : — chahun aty ad. All four sides. 

chAhwelA yiU$<H)T «. ^ (^'J 

(lit Butter-milk time) so called because 
field labourers then break their fast with 
a bit of bread and butter-milk (chhd) 
an hour and a half or a couple of hours 
after sunrise ; %. q> Chhdkicela, . 

CHAHYE tS^O^ a- ^f- ^' (^^"^ ^^^ 

si,) Desirable, necessary, prop^ ; also 
used impersonally, it ought to be. 

CHAfisr CRkU gr^^ter^ 0^. With 

great pleasure, cheerfully, joyfully ; tho 
whempering and weeping of children* 


«. m. Wisdom, intelli- 

gence, discretion, sense ; condition, state, 
good state ; a fan for winnowing, 

CHAK xA^ci 8. m, A slit in a garment ; 

a boor ; a caste of Jats, Bdmfhd^ the 

fiaramour of Hfr is known as chdk : — a. 
nsolent : — chdk chuhand, a. Healthy 
and vigorous, of buoyant spirits ; cau-> 
tious : — chdkpund, 9, m» Insolence j im- 

CHAE BoT 8. m. (M.) A division of 

land with defined boundries ; the mouth ; 
the circular wooden frame on which 
the masonry cylinder of a well is built ; 
a circle:— cnaJcdJr^ «. m. (1) The owner of 
the chak or circular wooden frame on 
which the masonry (nrlinder of a well 
is built. Hence chakdar means owner of 
the well, as opposed to owner of the 
land attached to the well. In tiiift 


(l 17& ) 


fense lie is also called Hlahddr, i, e, own- 
er of the bricks of the well.-(2) The pro- 
prietor of land on a tenure common in the 
Bonth-westem Punjab. Sawan Mall, find- 
ing the owners unable to cultivate their 
land, encouraged outsiders to sink wells 
and cultivate the fields. Those who sunk 
wells were called ehaJcddrSy and the old 
proprietors zamindars or mukaddams. 
When the proprietors (zamindars) were 
powerful enough thej made the chakddr 
pay an investiture fee called pag^ ^99^^ 
9aropd^ or jhufi on sinking his well. 
Sawan Mai secured to the proprietors 
the payment of a quit-rent called hah 
zamtnddrij and mdlikdndy varving from 
about } to 2^ seers of ffrain m the 
maund, from the chakdar whom the 
tawindar maintained in possesion, or in 
the management of the cultivation if he 
{ihe chakddr) ^d. not cultivate the ground 
himself. This description of tenure had ex- 
isted before, but Sawan Mall was the first 
to regulate it and give the name chakddr 
{chakddrs were known as ridyd before his 
time.) The chdkddr^s tenure is heritable 
and transferable ; he can locate tenants, 
end is not liable to ejection even if he 
' fail to pay his rent to the zamindar. 
The rent paid by a tenant to the chaJc- 
ddr is called lichh on the banks of In- 
dus, and ka9&r on the Chenab and in 
Hultan. Since the introduction of Brit- 
ish rule the chakddrs have been called 
inferior proprietors (mdlikdn adnd) and 
the old proprietors (mdlikdn did) superior 
proprietors, : — chakddri, s, /. The tenul'e 
of a chakddr ; also see chakk. 

CHAELAL t^oCM ^- ^* Horizontal and 

vertical well wheels ; the size is determin- 
ed by the number of cogs. These vary 
from 20 to 32. The most useful wheels for 
a well of medium depth are those of 28 
cogs. In deep wells the machinery used 
is heavier and stronger, and 32 cogs 
are the number generally used* 

CHAKANf BoP^'. /• Ot) Fern, of 
Chdkij which See. 

CHAKAB ti'otd 9- ^' ^ servant, an 
under servant. 

CHAKAB t^occl '• *»• See Chdkkar. 

CHAKARA garar s. m. A kind of 
fiddle, a young buck, a male fawn. 

CHAKARr Boft^ i. f. A young doe, 

a femald fawn i—^chori chdkdri, «. f. 
Theft. "^ 

CHAKABPATi Bofgy^ > s. m. An 
CHAKABWATf ^o(d^:/] ) emperor, 
an universal sovereign. 

CHAKABYA BoTBCP B. m. A disputei-, 
a quaxrelsome person ; a servant. 

OnKKkTJ^A tJot l gcfc l V. a. To cause 
to be lifted ; I q. Chukdund. 

CHAKCHAL gSrarW s. f. An insti- 
gator of evil, an evil doer ; a vicious 
and mutinous woman. 

CHAKCHUJ^HAB tJotd^^ ) #. /. 
CHAKCHtJlsiDHAB ^o(^^^ J a 

kind of mole, a muskrat, a kind of fire- 
work :— cAo* chundhoflr chhernd, v. n. 
To stir up evil, to foment quarrel. 

CHAKHA BV *. m. The daily share 

of gur given to the labourers working 
a sugar-press. 

CHAKHACHtJKHf BVHlft s.f. Dfs- 

cord, quarrelHng ; c. to. honi, kami, lagni, 

CHAEHAf HVfr^ s. f. Tasting fcom- 
monly used in the plural.) 

CHAKHABr gn:(^ *. m. (M,) Cover 
of a chnrn. 

CHAKHAlHirA HV@2? t;. a. To cause 
to be tastod; to give a specimen of. 



( 180 ) 


CHAKHAUTi B^^ s.m. Tasting 

food ; — chakhauti hami, v. a. To taste, to 
eat delicacies. 



avaxint \ 


Inter, Go I 
away. ! begone ! 


Healthy and vigorous; of buoyant 
spirits; cautious. 

CHAKHMAK BW4or| »./. A flint; 
CHAKHMAKH ^Vf;^^ ) disagreement. 

CHAKHWAYYA B>4^^ * i». One 

who tastes and one who eats well, a 
hearty eater. 

CHAkI gtoft 8, /. A flat or circular 

piece of soap : a bite \^8. m. (M.) An 
oil man, one whose trade it is to 
extract oil ; — Ldl hitdh farmdndi yun, 
chdH iomd hhirdiyd huen ; khal khdwe te 
kitua motdf 4dn4 di ddn4 te ddh rupayd 
chhofd. The boiok of the law speaks tnus ; 
why did the chdk% make the bullocks 
fight ; having fed it on oil-cake and 
made it fat, he must give a bullock 
for the bullock and ten rupees as a 
fine. An oilman's bullock fought with 
and killed the QdzCe bullock. The oil man 
went to the Qdzi who had not heard of 
the encounter, and asked whether an 
owner was responsible if two animals 
fought. '* No " said the Qdzi ; but as 
soon as he heard his bullock had been 
killed, he decided the case as stated in 
the lines above ; which have become 
poverbial for persons who decide cases 
iu their own favour. 

CHAKr ^oft 8. f. (M.) See Chakki. 

CHAKIR gfoTU *. /. The line of di- 

vision which divides one man's share 
of a field from another. 

CHAKK ^oT 8- ^- A frame of wood 

on which the wall of a well is built ; a 
potter's wheel ; a large vessel in which 
the inspissated juice of the sugar-cane 
is poured to cool ; the land of a vil- 
lage ; a quarter of the world ; a bite ; 
: — chakk hannhnd, v, a. To measure 
out a piece of land (to be given to 
some one) and set up marks around it, 
to inhabit a village ; c. w. mdmd. 

chakeA Biff 8, w. 

milk, thick, sour milk ; 

Thick, well- 

CHAKKAN tJoHA o. Very thick, 
thick; t. q, Chikdn, 

GHAKKAR tJo(d 9. m. A ring, m 

circle, a circular course ; a circuit ; the 
circular lines on the palm of hands and 
soles of feet ; a sharp edged iron discus 
worn on the head by Akdlis^ and used 
as a weapon ; the course of time ; giddi- 
ness, vertigo J perplexity, difficulty: — 
chakkar hannhna^ r. a. To whirl rapid- 
ly round : — chakkar dendy v. a. To 
cause to move round: — chakkar khdke 
dund or paunchnd, v. n. To arrive at a 
place by a circutous route: — chakkar 
khdndy V. n. To whirl, to revolve, to 
take a round about road ; to be giddy 
(head) : — chakkar Tndmd, v. n. To make 
a circuit, to walk or travel or go on a long 
journey: — chakkar vichch dund, v. n. 
To be entangled in difficulties : — chakkar 
vartit 8, 7n, An emperor, a sovereign of 
the world. 

CHAKKHf B¥"1 8. f. A tast« :— 

chakkhi deniy Idnni^ v. a. To give a taste, 
to teach a hawk to hunt by giving him 
a taste of blood or of flesh ; to tame. 

CHAKKHNA B>fe' t'. a. To taste. 

CHAKKf tJoTI 8. /. A hand-mill ; 

a cake of anything such as soap, refined 
sugar, the tail of the dumbd or fat 



( 181 ) 


tailed sheep ; a single root of the zamin- 
AwjMi; a river east of Pathankot which 
divides the Gordaspnr from the 
Kangra district : — chakktjhond, or pthnd, 
f. n. lit To grind in a mill ; to tell 
a long tedious tale i-^tinnen rah kurdh; 
mard nun chakki; rann nun rdh; gan^e 
nun gdh. Three roads are * bad roads ; 
the hand mill for a man; any road at all 
(tiavelling on foot on a journey) for 
a woman^ the threshing floor for a 
buffalo. — Prov. 

HAKKLf BcTT^ g. f. See GhakU. 

large fruit of the citron kind, the shad- 
dock or pomeUo (Oitrua decumana). 


*. m. The name of 

f. m. A clasp- 
knife, a pen knife. 

CHAKKtf B^ ) 
CHAKKtJ gr^ j 

CHAKLA tloCMi i. m. An open square 

in a city ; a district ; a brothel ; a street 
inferittd with houses of ill fame; any 
quarlo* of a town, especially the prosti- 
tutes* quarter ; a small round board or 
stone on which dough is rolled ; a kind 

^L^^\ ^^^*^5 * <^P of liquor;— a. 
Wide, broad, round. 

#. /. Width, 


CHAKLf gSraO*. /. Roundness; a 

%mall board or stone on which dough is 
rolled; the root of a tree taken up with 
a round mass of adherent earth ; the per- 
pendicular wheel of Persian well :— 
chakliddr, a. Round and hard (spoken 
of a boil.) 

CHAKLf giofaft ,. /. A flat, circular 
piece of wood ;^a. Flat, circular. 

CHAKMAK goWoT s. f. A flint ; 
t. q, Chakhmakh. 

CHARNACHtjR tJo<A ' ^d a. In 

pieces, shivered to atoms, broken to 
pieces; tired out; c, w. hand, kamd. 

a bird ;^a. Having four equal sides, 

CHAKOTA B^ f. m. (K.) Fixed 

rent or any Msessment generally used 
when it IS partly in kind. 

CHAKRAUL g o(d»g<» .. /. A dia- 
ease in the feet of hones. 

CHAKRf grsr^ ,. /. s^^^ ,^p,^y. 


debating ; quarrelling ; the tail of the 

awnbd nnfmn * a. omall _: o- 

dumbd sheep ; a small ring or discos • 

chakodhrA B^^gi) ,. „i. 1 

CHAKOTRA g^ j nanxe of 


CHAKRf A gsr^lnif .. i». a dispa. 
ter : one who works as a servant. 

CHAKSIJ gisrg ,. «. The name of 
a medicine generally osed for opthalmia. 

CHAKTf gor^*/ A circular piece 
of leather or wood on which tobacco is 

S^!S° iS.* "^T °* P'^Pared tobacco 
shaped like a cheese ; a round cake of 

CHAKlJgTg ,.^, A penknife, a knife. 

CHAKULX tJO^Ob' «. w. See Chakld. 

CHAKULf B^ ../. Roundness. See 

CHAKWA ^oTlf $. m. A kind of 
bird &med in Hindi poetry, the Ruddy 


( 182 ) 


CHAKWAf tdo(<l|^<./. Recompense 
for porterage. 

CHAKWAU^jTA ^oRlfST v. a. To 
cause to be lifted. 

CHAKWATTA Bof^ .. «». One 

who takes up and carries away anything ; 
one capable of carrying a heavy load; 
a strong man. 

CHAKWf ti6t4\ *. f. The female of 
the Ghdkivd. 


ff. m. (M,) A flood, the 

spreading out of the river over the low 

CHAL tj'M '• /• Movement, pace, step, 

gait, conduct, habit: — cMl fhdl^ chdl 
wdl, 8. /. Gait, motion, manners, be- 
haviour, breeding, politenes : — chdl bdj, 
a. Deceitful, treacherous, fraudulent: 
— chdl chalndy v, n. To behave, act, 
conduct oneself ; to deceive, to cheat, 
to trick : — chdl kuchdl, s. /. Misbehavi- 
our, misconduct. 

CHALA tJ^i 8.f. Moving, movement ; 

the firing of a gun ; activity of trade, 
currency of things ; a kind of fish : — chald 
dendf v. a. To defeat : — chald laind^ v. n. 
See Ohaldund. 

GHALA tji^i 8. m. Going, movement, 

departure ; moving a chessman or dice 
counter ; way, manner, process ; trick, 
deceit; policy, hypocrisy ; conduct, habit ; 
a man of. diabolical disposition. 

CHALACHAL tJM>dM ) #. /. 

CHALACHALf tJ Wdfti ) ^^'P®- 

tual motion, incessant movement; going 
out of the world, dying ; the unceasing 

ravages of death as in the time of pes- 
tilence ; preparation for a journey. 


V, a. To take up, 

to take away ; to be taken away from 
this world, to be dead: — aar te chd 
laindj v, a. To exalt one, to treat one 
with consideration, to receive one with 
open arms. 

CHALAK tiWdl a. Corruption of the 

Persian word chdldk. Active, alert, 
clever, ingenious, dexterous, expert, 
nimble, fleet, swift; artful, designing, 
tricky: — chalak log^ *. m. Sharpers, 

CHALAKf tJtfloO «./. Corrupted from 

the Persian word chdldki. Activity, 
alertness, nimbleness, celerity, dexterity, 
agility, fleetness, cleverness, ingenuity, 
stratagem, mancevre ; tricky craft, 
fraud: — chaldH ndl, ad. By unfair 
means, fraudulently, dishonestly; c. ir. 

CHALAN ^B352 *• ^' Conduct, be- 
haviour ; fashion, mode, manner, custom, 
ceremoney ; currency of coin, circula- 

CHALAN tJJ>SA '• M- See Chald. 

CHALAN ^975^ *• «*• -^ desjjatch ; 

a certificate of despatch, an invoice, 
way-bill, bill of loading ; a criminal case 
sent up for trial by the police; c. tr. 
hond^ kamd. 

CHALAnA tJ'M'A' '• ^ Death :— 

chaldnd kamd, karjdndy v. n. To die, 
to breath one's last, to expire. 

CHALAl^jIT tJdSd '- ^' Passing, 
currency, being in force. 


( 183 ) 



chalAwan g^sr^T 

\ porai 

Fit for tem- 
porary use. 

CHALAUi?A gjS^fS^ V' a- To set in 

motion, to stir ; to impel, to drive, to 
direct, to nrge ; to conduct, to manage ; 
to issue, to circulate, to make current 
(coin) ; to enforce, to discharge (a gun), 
to shoot ^an arrow) ; to defeat. 

CHALBICHAL B3Sf^B75 »• /• ^^' 
cord, separation ; the spoiling of work. 

be gone! 

Inter, Go,! 

a. The 


CHALCHALA ^ihtiiV «•«»• See Ohald. 

CHALDAL d^tf^ «• w»- ^ moving 

CHAL PHAL ^TJS^e^ «• /• <^*' 

motion ; manners, behavioar, breeding, 

CHALETtJ ^2^|[ s. m. (K.) Stubble 
or straw of Indian com. 

CHALHA ^?51 «. m. A place where 
dirty water is thrown, a sink. 

CHALHf A grsStW #. w. The year 
40; f. 9. Chdhltd. 

CHAlI tJI^ a- ^'orty ;— #. m. (Conduct, 
habit; a woman of diabolical disposition. 

8, m» 

s, m» 

CHALfHA dgiflOW 1 


cHALfsfA de^*fly* ff 

CHALfSWAN tJ<^*<^ l 

the fortieth day after a death when 
the faqtrs are fed. 

CHALITTAR tj(^^ & w. Corrupted 

from the Sanskrit word Charittar. 
Behaviour, disposition ; deceitful con- 
duct; the tricks of jugglers, enigmati- 
cal and deceitful language ; fraud ; 
cleverness ; biography. 

CHALITTRAN tjf^ddA «• /• 
CHALITTARA tjftibdd * 
CHALITTARf dft^dVfl 
CHALITTARNf gffesgj^ 5 f. 

One who makes false pretensions or 
who speaks falsely or enigmatically ; 
one who resorts to tricks to conceal his or 
her evil deeds. 

CHAL JAnA tJMf4>d> r. «. To be 

spoiled, to be very greedy, to be 

CHALLA B75^ 9. m. (K,) Ditch be- 
hind land or house to entrap or 
carry off drainage from hill above ; also 
a drain to carry ofE water from field. 

CHALLA tJW »• *»• See CUld. 

CHALLltirA tJM^' ^* »• To move, to 

go, to proceed, to walk, to go off, to 
pass, (as coin) ; to be discharged (as 
a gun) ; to flow ; to behave ; to soil ; 


( 184 ) 


to work, to answer; to succeed; to 
avail ; to last, to serve ; to fly (an ar- 
row) ; to have diarrhcea. 

CHALLtJ Wl^ 8, m. A goer :—chdllu 

hojdnd, V, n. To flee :—chdll& Jear dend, 
V. a. To put to flight :^ch4U4 har 
laindy v. n. To overcome. 

CHALNA B35^ v. n. To spoil, to 

to glitter ; to glow, to flash, to beam ; to 
be polished, to prosper, to flourish ; to be 
angrv; to flare, to fire iip;—chamak 
utJmd, V, n. To spring up (because of 
rage or alarm) ; to be kindled (fire.) 

tJ'no5 / B, /. Insolence. 


) auda 

rot, to decay, (aa frtfti^ . ^,^,^ ,^^, 
a. Spoiled, decayed, rotten; vwdoious : 

CHALNf dMAl a. Current, pass- 
able (coin) ;— 5. /. (K.) An iron sieve. 

CHALTf '€MJ) s. m. (M,) A grain 
measure; an ox-load. 



GUI dhdl 

CHALWESHTr ^ih^aS t. m. (MJ 

Men selected to lead a tribe in time of 

CHAM WH 8. m. Leather (not or- 
dinarily used, except in composition 
and poetry) i^tMm he ddm, s. m. Leath- 
er monev (once current) :— c^m he 
ddm chaldund, v. a. lit. To introduce 
leather currency ; to stretch one's 
authority to the utmost to oppress : 
—chdm charikk, s. f. A bat i—chdm 
34 huddhy a. Having good parts, cap- 
able of learning, intelligent. 


tinence; rudeness ;-cAa'ma/ yaW, r. n. 
See Chdmalnd. 

3HAMALNA gTH55pSJ ^. «. To be in. 

sclent ; to make a great noise .--chdmalid 
naia, a. Insolent, audacious. 

CHAMAR ^Jjg s, m. The tail of the 

yak (PoepJuiguagrt mmm ^ i med cm grand 
occasions as a fly disperser hntakti. q. 
thauvi Chanwar 

CHAMAB B7{T^ s. m. A low caste ; a 

man of low caste who deals in hides or 
works in leather i^-ehamdr battnd, cha^ 
mdr vattnd, s, m. Bird cherry (Cerasus vel 
Frunus puddum.) It attains a girth of 20 
inches; t. q. Chamidr. 

CHAMARf ^W!^ ,./. A female of 
the Chamdr caste ; %, q. Chamidri, 

CHAMATKArA gifgorrgrj Pomp, 
grandeur ; amazement ; haste. 


w. From the 

dour, flash, gleam, brightness, glitter : 
— chamak damak, s, /. Glitter, splen- 
dour: — chamakddr, a. Shining, beam- 
ing, glittering. 

CHAMAKNA BWSrST V. n. To shine. 

Sanskrit Chcmpaka, A tree bearing 
fragrant yellow flowers Michelia cham- 
paca; also the name of the flower; 
-—a. Having large white spots (a' 
horse) ; t. q, Ghanbd, 

CHAMBAL BiraZBJ *. / The name 
of a cutaneous disease (Psoriasis.) 

OHAMBA^NA ^H^^T? V. n. To cUng 
to ; to be psAted, gummed, or glued on 


( 185 ) 


to persecute ; to have sexnal intercoarse 
^with, to make an indecent assault npon ; 
to claap, to embrace, to stick to ; to 
charge falsely. 

CHAMBEIif tJ^^ « /• Jessamine. 

J{ismvmi,m grandifiorumt : — chamheli da 
tely 8. tit. Oil of jessamine ; t. q, Ghanbeli. 

CHAMBH ^g *. m. (K.) The high 
bank or clifE of a river, 

CHAMCHA 'BVB^ «• ^- ^ spoon, a 

CHAMCHf ^BM^ '• /• ^ sDMkll spoon. 



CHAMEJE^NA Bi^SR?7 ^' «• Cans, of 

Chamarnd. To cause to adhere ; i. q. 

CHAMBTf Bi^ »• / (^') A ^**- 

CHAMGIDDA9 BXPdlt^^ ♦• »*• 
CHAMGIDDA?f BXf^^^ «• /• 
CHAMGIDllf BWfere^*- /• 

8, m. i 

A per- 
son of 

of long pointed beads much in the shape 
of jessamine buds and strung on twist- 
ed silk ; i. q, Champdkalu 


cause to shine, to make to glitter ; to 
polish, to smooth ; to excite, to enrage, 
to stir up ; to put spices and pepper in 

CHAMLAUJilA BW WQA ' t^. a. To fon- 
dle (a child) ; to render insolent ; to pro- 
voke, to excite feelings of hostility, to 
encourage a quarrel between persons ; 
to make a feint of retreating (an army) 
with a view to draw on the enemy. 

CHAMM ^Vfa.m, Hide, leather, skin : 

— chammras, a. m. A sore on the foot 
caused by the galling or friction of a 
tight shoe : — t^fntn ndhejrndj v. a. To 
skin, to flay ; to beat so as to take off the 
skin : to beat severely : — chamm vaddhndy 
V, a. lit To cut the skin ; to hairass, to 
give one trouble ; to grind one to the 
utmost (generally used by debtors when 
they are short of money and are com- 
pelled by creditors to pay up.) 

A bat. 

chamiAr BftfWU 

CHAMlARf gftprMT^ 

low caste who works in leather. See 
Chamdr, Chamdrt. 

chamkAhat HHoHU^ s. f. 

chamkArA BWoTgi s.m, 
chamkAt BMsn^ * /• 

Glitter, splendour, glai*e, light, flash. 
CHAMKALf B^lfoTT^ '•'. /. A necklace 

t. q. Chamchd. 

s. m, A spoon ; 

CHAMMAL B>{7S 9. m. The name of a 

cutaneous disease; i.q, CiMmhaly Chan- 

CHAMMA^INA Bll^f?? ^' a. To stick 

to, to adhere to ; t. q. Ghimmafnd, See 


8, m. } 

A piece of 
leather; the 

leather put on the legs of prisoners to 
protect them from the chafing of the iron 
fetters ; the bit of leather used to keep 
the flint of a gun firm in the cock. 


( 186 ) 



CHAMPA ^V s, m. The name of a 

flower : — champakalif s. /. An orna- 
ment worn by women around the neck. 
See Chanhd, ChdmkalL 

CHAMPAKALf ^lot^n «• /• («**• ^ 

bud of champd.) A trinket worn on 
necklaces. See Chdmkali. 

CHAMPAT HO^rA ^^^^1 t;. a. To 
vanish, to depart , to run away. 

udhernd, v, a. To beat so as to take 
off skin ; to beat severely : — sukk ke 
ehamrd hond, v. n. To dry so as to be 
like a skin ; to dry extremely ; to be 
lean and emaciated in the extreme; to 
waste so that nothing is left except skin 
and bones. 

CHAMRAKH BlfU¥ «• /• ^ part of 

the apparatus of a spinning wheel made 
of leather ; leather trousers ; met, a 
thin, lean person. 

CHAMRAS BW37T »• /• ^ sore on 

a foot caused by the friction of a shoe ; 
i. q. Chammras in Ghamm. 

CHAMRIKKA BWfeofT a. Made by 

a Chamidr ; of or belonging to a 

chamyAr HWcng 

OHAMYARf ^>|Xrr^ 


8, m. ) i 


CHAn B^ 8, m. (M.) A name of bird 

considered sacred among Hindus ; the 
blue or Indian jay ; i. q, Nilkanfh. 



8, m. A kind of sugar- 

gram ; (Gicevy arietium) : — cJiand hhurhu 
te hhatth dhdu or chand tapsi te hhdr 
hhanesi, lit. The gram will jump and will 
burst the oven : — Prov. used of the 
poor who, by their utmost efforts, can- 
not injure the great or influential 
i. e., a poor man cannot cope with a 
wealthy one ; t. q. Ghholld, 

CHANA '^37^ 8, m. The scale of a fish ; 
t. q. Ghannd. 

CHAI^AL tJA'M «. /• (^') A paved 

road or flight of paved steps down a 
hill side ; i. q. Okhwdl. 

CHANAN ti ' AA «• w- Light :—dil 

or andar dd chdnan^ 8, m. Spiritual ilia- 
mination ; enlightenment of the mind or 

8, m. ) Mi 

5. /. \ li 

light ; 


CHAtjA B2? s, m. A kind of pulse, 


CHANANf ^1^^^ 

awning ; a disease of horses i-^hdnoMt 
mdr jdnij v. n. To be withered or 
spoiled by the flash of the lightning 

CHANAR tJ^'d «. /• The oriental 

plane (Platanus orientalis). It grows 
luxuriantly in Kashmir, the wood is high- 
ly esteemed for gun stocks. 

CHANAT gj93 9. /. (K.) See GhandL 

CHA^jrATHf tJdl^ *. / A small piece 
of sandal wood. 

CHANBA ^7PBP8.m. (M.) Corrupted 

from the Persian word Panjdk. The 

CHANBA ^^^ 8. m. The jessamine tree 
and flower. See Ghambd, 

CHANBAL ^Hih *. /. See Chamhal, 

CHAlSBELf ^-uSi 8, /. See ChamUli. 


( 187 ) 


chAistbhAn ^[fgi 


signs of life 

and activity in a place ; confused hum 
of bnman voices in a city or village ; the 
din of business, the prosperity of a place. 

CHANCHAK B^UoT }ad. From 
CHA^jTCHAKK ti'ddoT ) t^eSan- 

akrit Aguindt, Unnecessarily, uselessly ; 
suddenly, all at once ; unwittingly, uncon- 
sciously, unexpectedly, unawares; L q, 

CHANCHAL ^B9S «• Restless, playful, 

wanton ; active, clever; — ehanchaldi, cJian- 
ehalpund^ chanchaltdt^ s. /. Restlessness, 
activity, cleverness, playfulness, wan- 
toness ; i. q. Achpldi, 

CHAND :gn5 

jgvp) of € 

The moon ; a term 
endearment used 

in addressing children ; met. a beautiful 
person ; the sufix to some Hindu names 
tf. g. Amir Ohand ; a circular piece of 
cloth in the upper part of a cap or 
hat ; an ornament like a half moon : — 
chand grdhn, s. m, A lunar eclipse : 
hdndmdri, s.f. Target practice. 

CHANDA ^^ *. m. The upper side of 

a quilt ; the moon : a collection, a sub- 
scription for charitable purposes : — 
chandd kamd, v, a. To make a collec- 
tion, to raise a subscription. 



mean person, one of low caste, hybrid, 
mongrel ; an outcaste : a merciless 
wretch ; miserly ; a malignant, or blood- 
thirsty person : — chanddl chaunkariy s. f. 
A communitv of four or more bad 
meju—chanddlpund, «. /. Meanness, 

CHA^TDAN tJtJA «. rn: Sandal wood, 

(Santalum cUhum) used for boxes, orna- 
ments, Ac. and also for marking the fore- 
head by Hindus, medicinally considered 

to be coolinc^ and to clear the complexion : 
— chandanhdr, s. m. A i^ecklace. 

moon : 

CHANDAR ^^g 8. in. The 

— Ghandarbansi^s. m. The face of tho 
moon ; the lunar race of kings ; the second 
great line of Kshatriya dynasties in India. 
This lunar race of kings reigned at Has- 
tinapura (Dehli) ; they claimed descent 
from Soma (the moon) the child of the 
Rishi Atri, and the father of Budha, who 
joined himself to the solar race by mar- 
rying tho daughter of the solar king 
Ikshvaku. He had a son Aila or Purura- 
vas whose great grandson Yayate had 
two sons Puru and Yadu from whom 
sprung the two branches of the lunar 
line. In the line of Yadu Krishna and 
Balarama were bom, and in that of Puru 
Dushyanta and Bharata. Ninth from 
him came Kuru and fourteenth from him 
Santanu who had a son Vichitravirya 
and a step son Vyasa. The latter mar- 
ried the two widows of his half brother 
and had by them Dhirtarashtra and 
Pandu, the wars of whose sons are re- 
corded in the Mahabharata : — cTiandar 
hhdn, a. Ill fated, wretched; also a 

£ roper name : — chandar pund, s. m. 
[isfortune, ill fate, misery, wretched- 
ness : — chandarmukMj a. Moon faced, 

CHANDARA ^^^ #. m. A whit 

low ; a cold in the head ; a boil on 
hand or fingers ; — a. Unfortunate, ill-fated, 
miserable, wretched, undone ; — chandari, 
dd. Son of a wretched woman 

CHANDARH t?tfs40 «• m. A division 
of Jats living west of the Bd'oi, 

CHAljIDARMA ^tfdlT ». «*• The 

CHAljIDtJA H^SfW *. wi. A circular piece 

of cloth in the upper part of a cap 
or hat ; a small round cake for children 
made of flour ; a coloured awning 
stretched over the Granth or over a 
bride or bridegroom in the ceremony of 
Mdnydn at weddings ; any small round 
piece of cloth matting ; a metallic plate. 


( 188 ) 


CHANDAUllil ^StQ^I v. a. To cause 
to be sharpened by hammering. 

CHAUDELf d^aO > *. /. A name 
CHAlJDERf ^^^ ) given to a fine 

kind of turban, from the name of the 
place, where it is made. 

CHAND hojAnA t3si3ti"e' ) V. «• 

CHAND HONA ^^Q^T 5 Tobe 

made destitute of all one's possessions, 
to be destroyed ; to be oppressed, to be 

CHAlJinDl yi^fl ». /. silver ; money, 

wealth, riches ; profits, grain, emolu- 
ments : — chdndi da pattrd or warq^ «. fH. 
Silver leaf. 

OHANpi ^^ *./. The name of a 

Hindd Devi or Durga; a goddess of 
war or fire ; a furious woman : — chcundt 
charhnd, lit To be influenced by Ohan$i ; 
to be very angry ; to be very passionate, 
to be mad with wrath ; — chavidi 
kamdf v. a. To be insolent. 

CHANDf ^§^ 8. w. (K,) Counting, 

CHANpiAU^jA vSfewQd* «?. »• See 

CHANplSrA tJ^d' V' «• To sharpen 

by hammering ; (e. y. a hoe) ; to sharpen 
one's intellect, to bring one to his sense, 
to educate, to cultivate one's faculties. 

CHANDOA ^€W) «. TO. SeeChanda- 

CH ANDRAPPAN ^tSd^S ) «• »^- Mis- 
CHANDRAPPUN ^^xi^ ^) ^oi'*^^^' 

ill-fate, misery, wretchedness. 
CH ANDRf '^^^ 8, /. (M.) A disease 

of camels. This, which consists in an 
eruption of boils, is rarely fatal and occurs 
at any time. The cause is unknown. Black 
pepper, and ^^* mixed together are given ; 
or iMuar (Ervum lens) boiled with salt and 
red pepper. The boils are opened with a 
needle or sliced off with a knife, la 
very bad cases branding is resorted to. 

CHA^IDtJA ^^W 8, m. See Chanda' 

CHANpwAf 't9y<>3^ «• /. The cost 
of sharpening a hoe or plough-share. 

To cause to be sharpened by hammering. 

CHANG ^31 8. m. The name of a 
musical instrument. 

CHAnG W3l I '• /• ^ <^ry. a 

CHAljlGGAR ghara) shriek; c. t*. 



8, m. A swinging 

cradle in which an image of the infant 
Krishna is placed at the celebration of 
his birth ; a kind of litter in which 
Hindu widows were carried to the fune- 
ral pyre to be burned ; a lark. 

V. a. 


BW ) a. i 

Good, exc el- 

fortAnate, favourable ; healthy, well ; — 
ad. Well: — changgd bhald, a. Good, 
sterling ; sound ; in health, vigourous, 
uninjured ; tolerable, passable, fair. See 



A paw, 

claws ; the hollow of the hand ; c. v 

CHANGGA5 t9di?< *. wi. The name 

of a low caste ; a man of that caste, 
whose profession is to winnow threshing 
grain. They are Gypsies ; and their name 
recalls the term Zingari applied to the 
Gypsies of Europe ; — a. See Changgd. 


( 189 ) 


CHANOQA^f ^3f^ 


8. /• A Changgaf woman. 

CHANGGER ^^U *. /. A shallow 

basket made of bamboo or reed, ased 
for flowers or garlands or for holding 
frait at marriages. 

CHANGGERA ^^^ a. Good; of 
good qualitj ; of an excellent kind. 

CHANGGBRTii ^^U^ «. m. Dim. of 

Ckangger, A smal] shallow basket ; — 
a. Good, excellent, well. 

CHANGGIXf ^f^P^I^ * /. Goodness, 

CHANGGIARA ^ftUM^ s. m. A kind 
of bird ; a spark. 

s. m. I 

CHAlirGGIAftf gf^|VH»^ 

A spark of fire : — changgidrC Iduni, lit. 
To hurl fire-brands or sparks; to sow 

CHAl^JtJs %Wn *. m. (M.) A miser :— 

chanjus kha4te te jtmtn khde. Only 
the gronnd benefits from the miser's 
earnings, i. e. misers do not spend money 
bat bury it in the ground; i. q. Kanjus 

CHAISIKAR t9o(ld *. rn. (Pot.) Clink- 

ing, trinkling ; ringing ; i, q. Jhankdry 

CHANNA ^^JJT 8. m. The gable end 

of a house ; side or side wall of a house ; 
the mud walls upon which the beam of a 
well (Kdnjcm) rests : — channd hannd^ s, w. 
Boundaries of two villages, neighbours. 

CHANNA W^ s. m. The scale of a 
fish ; %. q. Chdnd. 

CHANNA^ir g?55 8, m. Dertved 

from the Sanskrit word Chandan, San- 
dal wood, (Santalum album) ; the sec- 
tarial mark on the forehead and other 
parts of the body made with this wood : 
— channan hircKh or rukhhy 8, m. The 
sandal wood tree. ; the wood ground fine 
is used for sectarial marks by Hindus 
and is also used medicinally : — channan- 
&ur, 8, m. Sawdust of the sandal wood 
used with incense : — channanhdr, s. m. 
A costly kind of necklace ; t. q, Chandan. 

(Pot.) A lunar eclipse. 

8, tn. 

CHANH grU «. w. (M.) A kind of 

hird, the blue jay, the Indian roller 
(Caracia Indica of Jerdon). 

CHANjf ^tft s. f. A kind of red 
spotted veil worn by women. 


tJAft 8. m. (K) A hole 

made in a system of surface drainage in 
the border of a field to drain out the water 
in it, above that depth (platoe.) 

8. m. ) Thi 
*. /. ) of 

The tail 

CHAl^rWARf ^^^ 

yak (Bosgrunniens) ; a flapper to wave 
off flies or used as a mark of res- 
pect or royalty; c. w, Jhuldnd ; i. q. 
Chmar, Chaur, 

CHANWATf t9^l^ 8.f. See Chaxodti. 


( 190 ) 


CHAP ^nj 8. m. (M.) A dam which 

does not completely stop the flow of 
water in a canal. A dam of this des- 
cription is usually made of brush-wood. 

CHAPAL 'BV^ a- Quick, brisk, 

glancing, vivid, brilliant, wanton, restless, 
volatile, playful, fluent in speech :— 
cJiapaltdi, 8. /. Wantonness, playful- 
ness, volatility in speech or behaviour. 

CHAPALESf gil^lft 8' /. (P) 
Fawning, sycophancy ; flattery. 

CHAPAR BVg 9. /. (If.; A wedge :— 

Musd hand vaUi chapar ukhgr dl Direct- 
ly Miisd turned his back, out came the 
wedge. — Prov. 

CHAPAUL 'BMVi 9. w. A sudden 

irruption of an enemy, or a maranding 
party i^chapaul mdrnd, v. a. To x>ounce 
upon a place unawares. 

CHAPE^l bQ3 *• /• Derived from 

the Sanskrit word Chapef, A slap, a 
flap, a blow ; a sudden misfortune ; loss, 

to throw with the hand (as mud against 
a wall) ; i. q. Chamernd. 



A flake of mud 



8» fn 

71. ) 

See Chaper. 


caked and dHed by the sun; a cover 
or lid of the clay vessel called Bha- 
rold, or BharoU ; met. a fat deformed 
person : — chapar chullhd, 8. m. A cover 
for a fire place ; met. an uninformed 
man, a fat and deformed person. 

icg and pressing the limbs and body, 
shampooing; generally used as muttln 
chdpi ; c, w, kamt. 


8. m. A kind of 



8. m. The noise made by a dog in eat- 
ing or lapping ; prating, chattering ; 
c. w. karnd» 

CHAPA^f gnj^ s. f. Dim. of Chapar ^ 
A scale of dried mud. 

CHAPAR KANATfAg^Ido{A»2fl*H») 
CHAPA? KANATf A gil^foTJ^^hW ) 
A knave, a scoundrel, a rascal. 


5. m 

CHAPATf ^BV^«/- Unleavened bread 

made thin in the form of the griddle cakes 
of Scotland, the common bread of India. 

CHAPLA ^gireS^ s. /. Lightning; a 
restless woman. 

CHAP^ilA BVST V. n. To be vexed, 
to be irritated, to become angry. 

CHAP^tA B^VS^ v. a. To squeeie 
and press the limbs, to shampoo. 

CH APNf giR^ *. /. (M.) Cover of a 

CHAPPA gijl^. «i. An oar; the breadth 

of four fingers ; a bullock with smaU 
horns standing straight up : — chavj4 
Idund^ or mditid, v. n. To row (spoken 
especially of a long oar used in water 


( 191 ) 


too deep for the bottom to bo reached 
"with poles ; to help one in his business so 
as to make him snccessfnl : — chappd 
hhar. About four finger's breadth ; any 
thing (especially a piece of bread) 
equal to four fingers in length, breadth 
or height ; a small piece. 

CHAPPAN gife 8, m. The cover of 

an earthen vessel (made likewise of 

CHAPPAR gira *./. i?m. of Chapar ; 
1. q, Pachchar, 

CHAPPNr BlJ^ 5./. Dim, oi Chappan. 

The cover of an earthen vessel with a 
small mouth, as a jar, ghard ; the patella ; 
— chappntdn hkanndy v. n. To break 
covers of earthen vessels by jumping from 
a basket, done by a bridegroom a little 
before starting for the hride's father's 
house on the day of marriage ; also by 
boy who is to be vested with a sacred 
thread Qaneu) : — chappni rich nakk dob 
Ice marnd or murjdnd, v, n. lit. To dip the 
nose into a chappni and so to drown, i. e, 
to drown oneself in a spoonful of water; 
to be greatly ashamed ; to be ready to 
die with shame :— kauldode di chappni, 8.f. 
The ripened seed vessel of the haul, or 
so called Indian Lotus (Nelum hium spe- 
ciosum.) The seeds are eaten and are 
also used medicinally. 

CHAPPtJ gy 8. m. (M.) A flat bottomed 

boat with a straight stem and bow; 
an oar, 

shell lac. 

*. m. Purified lac, 

CHAP^f gOJ^*./. Dm. of Chdpar 
*. q. Chdpari. 

CHAPpf Tg;n^ sj. (M.) A small flat 

piece of wood about a span long and 
of the width of a finger. Spiritual guides 
(murshid) sell to their disciples (murtd) 
chapris of Ak wood (calotropis procera) 
With the following Persian words written 
on them :-^gark shud lashkar-uFarun 
dar daryd-uNil Drowned was the army 
of Pharoah in the river Nile. The dis- 

ciples wear these chaprisround their necks 
as a prophylactics against remittent fever. 

CHAP^A'S g^j^nr Is,/. Corrupted 
CHAPE As gZjgiTI ) from the Per- 
sian word Chap o rdst A metallic plate 
(on a belt) with an inscription on it, 
worn on the breast by certain func- 
tionaries, as a badge of office. 

wife of a Chaprdsi. 

CHAP?Asf BV^lft ] s.f. Any 
CfiAP?AsfA gi|gTlfl»|T ) one hav- 
ing on a Chaprds, a messenger or other 
servant who is in the habit of wearing 
a Chopras, a peon, an orderly ; a bailiff, 
a process sei*ver. 

CHAPTA ^V^ o. Flattened, com- 
pressed, shallow. 

CHAPTr BV^ ,. /. (1.) A manual- 
stick, guiding rod or ruler used by 
artists. (2.) Any small thin flat slip of 
wood, joined to an another and larger 
piece, e. g, a thin slip attached to loose 
fitting door or window, to make it close 
properly, or to fill up a crack or break 
in it. (3.) Sapphicism. Gongressus libi- 
dinosus duarum mulierum, (4.) Instru- 
mentum in formae memhrt virilis corio 
concinnatum quo mulieres lihidinosae 
utuntur I'—chapii larni, or khelni v, n. 
Idbidint sapphicae indulgere. 


8. f. Pasturing, grazing. 

feeding : — char char karnd, v. a. To 
prate, to chatter, to babble, to talk 
much and to little purpose, to speak 

CHA? ^^ 8. /. The skin which grows 

finger nails, at their proximal lud, a peg 
for hanging things on ;-— «. m. (Pot.) A 
bug bear ; l q, Chif. 

CHAR ^rg a. Four i^chdrhdj, a. Ac 

tive; enterprising, intelligent, prud- 
ent :— cAtfV hdji 8. f. Activity, intelli. 


( 192 ) 


gence : — char hdgi, char hdk, s. /. A Kash- 
miri shawl, the ground work of which is 
divided into four squares ; the name of 
a. place in Afghanistan i^chdr hhuji, o. 
having four arms (Vishnu or Devi) : — char 
dawdlii 8.f, A court yard, enclosure; a 
wall round a city, a rampart : — chdrdin, 
8. m. lit. four days. A few days i—chdr din 
di hahdr, lit. four day's pleasure. A few 
day's pleasure : — chdr harf, lit. four 
letters. A little knowledge : — chdr jdmd 
8. m. lit. four folds of cloth. A^ padded 
saddle used by natives : — chdrjdti^ a. m. 
A division of the Khatri caste compris- 
ing four sections (gotaj the members of 
which intermarry among themselves, but 
remain separate from other Khairis, a 
man of that caste ; a similar division 
among the Brahman caste : — chdr jug, s. 
m. Four ages, i. e. according to Hindus 
Sat jug, Dudpar, Treid, Kali jug. These 
correspond respectively to the Golden, 
silver, copper and iron ages of Western 
mythology: — chdr khdndy khdnid, a. 
Checked, chequered; — 8, m. Chequered 
cbth, check muslin, cloth, ornament- 
ed with squares :-^hdr kunt, s. m. The 
four quarters of the world ; the 
whole, world :^cWr mukhi, a. Having 
four faces (Brahma) : — chdr paiae, a.m. lit. 
four pice. Money , competence, easy circum- 
stances :—c?MJrW/f,«. m. The princij[)les 
of Atheism or Agnosticism : — chdrwakid, 
8. m. An atheist, a sceptic, one who 
denies or doubts the existence of God, a 
materialist : — chdr ydr, a. m. The four 
successors of Muhammad, i. e. Abu 
Bakar, Umar, Usmin, and All. 


a, m. A wooden instrument 

used by shoemakers for stretching a 
shoe that is too tight; a boot tree; i. g. 

CHARA H^ *• '^- ^oddBV for cattle ; 

help, support, remedy, power, ability ;— 
(K.) Stepping stones in a stream;-- 
(M.) A cattle road through fields 
with wattled fences on both sides. 

CHARAD B^^ s- ^»- ^ ^®^P ^^'''''^ 
or sore ; i. q. CJiarghal, Charligal. 

charag gd«3I ^- ^^- ^ ^*™P- 

CHARAGr BU^gft *. /. The offer- 
ings made to the keeper of a shrine of 
the Mohamedans to enable him to keep 
the lamps burning ; money paid at a 
ferry, to ferry men as a bakshish over 
and above the regular tolls. 

CHARAH tidU ) 8. m. Fodder, 

CHARAHA ^^JI ) food for cattle 

whether stored or in the field. 

CHARAf yd'iH *. /• Pasturing, 

feeding; wages of a shepherd or cow- 

CHARAIT B%3 a. m. (M.) A tenant- 
at-will . 

CHARAITA bIH^ «• w- The plant 

Ophelia chirretta. A medicine used for 
purifying blood. 

CHARAJ B^tT «. wi. Derived from 

the Sanskrit word Aacharj. Prodigy, 
wonder, astonishment ; an extraordinary 
evil, a great calamity; i q. Acharj. 

CHARXK tJdloT 8. m. A cowherd, 

a shepherd. 
CHARAKH ^3¥ «• '^' ^ windlass ; 

a grindstone; a turner's lathe; a 
brazier's lathe ; the celestial spheres, sky 
. — chardkh charhnd, v. n. To turn ; to 
polish :—<J^rai^ charhdund, v. a. To 
cause to be turned or polished ; to make 
active ; to make one notorious :—c?iaraAr^ 
dend, V. n. To turn round, to revolve ; 
to melt (metals.) 

CHARAKHRf BUM^ «•/• The wheel 
on which the ropo of a well bucket 
turns ; any small wheel over wluL'h a ivpt* 
plays ; a pulley ; t. q. Charkhuri^ 

CHARAKNA ^goTST V. n. To make 


( 193 ) 


a creaking noise (as a bedstead) ; 
%, q, Ohetrkand. 

CHARAnD dd'ti ) s. f. Grazing 
CHARANDH ^ggfzj jland, a place 

for grazing ; a pastnre : — chardnd chare 
nd chare^ tim% bhare. Whether he 
graze in the grazing land or not, the 
grazing-tax must be paid. — Prov. 

CHARAS BSHR)*. /. A preparation of 
CBLARAS ^^If J bhang (Cannahes Indica 

or Scdiva) which is smoked for its in- 
toxicating qualities, the resinous exuda- 
tion of the leaves and flowers ol the 
plant collected while the dew is 
Rtill on them and prepared for use as 
an intoxicating drug; a large leather 
well bucket drawn by oxen, a mode 
of irrigation much used in the N. W. 
P. and Mdlwd. In other parts of the 
Punjab the Persian wheel is the common 

CHARAUN tJdlQ& #. f' The wages 
of a shepherd or cowherd. 

CHARAUfiTA tddl6d> V. a. To feed, to 

CHARAUNA t^gj l gcb' t'. «. To vex, to 

tease ; to prejudice ; to excite, to pro- 
voke ; t. q. Ohifdund, 

CHARAwA ^rf l ^l #. m, (M,) A 

circular casing of matting in which 
grain is stored. 

CHARB tkb<4 «• ^at. good, excellent ^ 

overcoming, overpowering, victorious, 
predominant ; c. to, hond. 

CHARBEDAR dd^t^'d *»«. An ost- 
ler, a groom. 

CHARBEDARf ^g^^rgf} ^. /. The 
Cosiness of a groom. 

CHARBEDARNf tJd^ti'dAl *• /. 

The wife of a groom. 

CHARBf ^rg^ s, f. Pat, grease :— 

akkhdn agge charbt dunt, v. n. To 
have a film over the eyes ; to be wilfully 
or intentionally blind ; to be conceited 
or proud. 

CHARBILLA B dfafti s. m. One who 
begs food from door to door j a chatterer. 

CHARCHA datJ» *• «*. Talking over 

an event, gossip, report, rumour, men- 
tion, discourse, conversation :-*(2Aarm 
charehd, a, m. Religions conversation • 
i. q» kamd. ' 


T ) 1% n. Tc 
I 3 babble, to 

To prate, to chatter, to 
talk much and to 

little purpose, to speak rapidly and 
insolently ; i, q. Oharpar kamd, chif 
chif karnd. 

CHARE gT§ a. All four, 

CHARETAR B ^dd b, m. (M.) A fuel 

yard or place where the stock of fire- 
wood is stored up. 

CHARG tJddl s. m, A kind of Lawk, 
a bird of prey. 

CHARGAIftlA gggtS? s. m. \ 

CHABGAINi g djiA ' *• »«. I 

CHARGAi^if gggi^ ,. /. 

CHARGAINf Bg^ «• /. 


( IM ) 


A babbler, a chatterer, a prater; talk- 
atiye, loquacious. 

CHABGHAL BT^^M^S'- «*• ^ deep 
wound or sore^, i, q. Oharhgal, 

CHABH S3 *./. A trenek dug in the 

ground, and used as a fireplace, when large 
dinners are to be cooked and several 
pots are to be set on at one time ; fod- 
der ; ». q. Churh^ Senji, 

OHABHA S3^ 9. m. See Charah, 

CHA^HA gn|T *. w. (M.) {lit one 

who ascends.) A date-picker. A chdrhd 
gets from six to eight rupees wages per 
mensem: — ydr atdddkoikKaUn dd chirhd ; 
chhdl marendd hhair horn, jiven haran 
ubdUid. My lover is a date-picker ; bless 
you ! ho bounds tui swift as a deer. — 

OHASHAr SVV^ #. /. An ascent; 

an invasion ; money paid for raising 

a trooper. 

t. m, A 


OHARHAU WP% •• w- Bising, 

overflowing (as of a river) ', ascent, 

CHAIlHAtJ dH'jQ «• ^^>^*^ *o 

rise (as the moon) ; fit for riding (a 
horse) ; fit to be raised (as water.) 

CHAJtHAUNA tJU^Qd^ V. a. To 

lift, to raise, to cause to ascend ; to 
cause to ride ; to drink (wine) ; to im- 

bibe ; to ofEer in sacrifice, to dedicate, 
to devout : — asmdn te chafhduMj v. n. 
To praise up to skies, to magnify : — -fauj 
charhdund^ v. a. To lead an sinnj. 
See CJharhnd, 

CHA^HAwA B18^ «. w- Offer- 
ings made at any religious place. 

cha^hAyat tJM'Md *»*. 0^- 

one who mounts.) A rider ; a tenant* 
at-will, a tenant put in by the landlord 
to cultivate land for a time-opposed to 
a butemdr tenant who clears the land 
and thereby acquires rights of occupancy 
in it. The chafhdyat ordinarily pays 
an extra rent (ajfwah^fdd) because he 
has not cleared the land. 

CHABHGAL tJ^dlM «• *»• J^ deep 
wound or sore ; i. q» Charghal. 


GHABHf B^ ^/- "^^^ stalk and 

leaves of jc^r (Sorghum vtdgare): — 
bdgof or kdngar t^unrhi^ s.f, A kind of 
cAarAt the stalk of which is not sweet: 
— cJuirhi tor, s, /. A sweet kind of 
eharht the stalk of which is frequently 

CHABHf f tJoJ)< '• /• ^ ^»* » 

a garment, caused by its catching on 
something ; t. g. Jharif, . . 

CHA9H iXtSk dWf4>d' ')v.n. To 
CHA^HNA tiH^l 3 ascend, to 


climb, to ride, to mount ; to be offered up 
as a sacrifice, to be presented ; to die, to 
breathe one's last ; to soar, to fly ; (o 
rise, to be swollen (a river) ; to rise in 
value or price; to be raised (the voice 
in singing) ; to be staing (a bow), to be 
tightened or braced (the strings of a 
musical instrument) ; to embark or go on 
board ; to be put in the scale ; to be restored 
to its place, to set (as a bone) ; to march, 
or go in procession (as a wedding psrty) : 
— ^^i eharhnd^ v. n. To be suooeae- 


( 196 ) 


f ni in life, to have a great influence : 
— noMhd ehafhndf v. n. To go to the 
head, to take effect, to be under the 
influence of (poison or intoxication ) : 
— rang chafhnd, v, n. To be spread over, 
put on; to be painted:— cIm charhnd^ 
V. n. To pass, lapse (a portion of daj) : 
— tap chafhnd, v, n. To get an attack 
of fever : — dumam dd charhnd, v. n. To 
marcli against by an enemj or to as- 
sault : — -jinn chafhndj v. n. To be in- 
fluenced by evil spirits ; met. to talk 
nonsense: — kiidb te charhnd^v, n. To 
be put down, to be registered : — kackathr^ 
charhndy v, «. To go or be dragged to 
court, to have recourse to law : — hise de 
haWh te eharhnd, v, n. To fall into one's 
clutches j — karjd yd tcmkhdh charhnt^ 
V, n. To be added, to be increased ; 
to fall in arrear (debt or pay.) 

GHA^H^A tJISd' t?. a. To raise ; 

to caase to mount or ascend ; to set on 
(as vessel on the fire) ; to cook some thing 
to eat with bread; to offer in sacrifice. 

CHA^HOA BSthMV Is.m. (M,) A 
CHARHOTA tJa^M ' ) washerman and 

dyer. The chafhod is a recognized vil- 
lage servant, and gets a fixed share of 
the crop at harvest. His pay is either 
from 20 seers to 2 maunds per well, or one 
pax in each wUh («. s., one-sixty fourth) 
of the ral kdm^ or cultivator's share; 
in return for which he washes clothes. 
This he does in the mornings. His 
afternoons are spent in dyeing, which he 
does by the niece, cha^ngfrom Bs. 1-6 
to Bs. 1-12 per petticoat, 5 or 6 annas 
for a rcuM. He also cooks rice at 
weddings, getting two annas per caul- 
dron and a cloth worth 10 annas. 


#. /. Gk>ing up, ascend- 

^Sr» E^^^E ^:^^ one place to another, 
starting, setting out on a journey; the 
movement of an army ; an invasion ; 
mounting a horse, riding, mode of rid- 
ing ; pomp and grandeur (as of a pro- 
cession or of a wedding party^ ; a religious 

CHABHTf tiUS 9. /. Bising, promo- 
tion ; mounting, riding, mode of riding. 

CHA^HtJ gry ,. rn. A rider; one 
that raises a thing; sacrificer. 

CHABHtt g^ ,. m. A fire place for 

a (2^ or large cooking pot, the charM 
much larger than the ordinary fire- 
place (OhvUhd.) 

CHABf B^ ,. /. (M.) A trench ; 

jawdr (Sorghun Vtdgari) grown for fod- 
der i—chari hurji, $. /. The boundary 
trench and pillars of a village. 



#. m. 


CHABITTABA^ dRj^'d«- /. ") See 
CHARITTARf gjfe^ft m. \ CU- 

httar, CkaliUanMi 

CHABjAt?A tJdHId' V. a. To enter, 

to go through, to effect (as sickness the 
body, instruction or affliction the mind) ; 
to be very ill ; to grase ; to snap or miss 
fire (a gun.) 

CHABKA t)O0(i')a. {M.) Gracing; a 
CHABKu B^JoT 3 9^^ feeder, used of 

CHABKANA tJdofd' v. n. To make a 

creaking noise (as a bedstead) ; t. q. 

CHABKAfA tido(<;i s. m. A low- 
fellow, a ragamuffin ; an elephant keep- 
er, one who cuts forage for an elephant. 

CHABKHA ^o4^ '• ^* A spinning 
wheel ; the bodily frame (in ridicule.) 

CHABKHA^f Bg*f^ s. /. See 
CHABKHf 43B%ft #. /. A small spin- 


( 1»6 ) 


niixg wheel j the wheel or block on which 
the rope of a well turas ; an engine of 
torture used bj the Mnhammadans to be- 
head the Sikhs in their persecutions ; a kind 
of firework ; — a. Having or abound- 
ing in CharkhU, dependent on wells 
for irrigation (a country). 

CHARN t^dA I B. m. Afoot, feet: 
CHARNf ^d/fl ) -<*»^ *^»» »• /• 

A shoe: — cham dh(Ae pini, «. n. lit. To 
drink the water in which one's feet have 
been washed ; to show affection or res- 
pect, to do honour to : — cham dhur, s, m. 
The dust of the feet ; favour shown 
a disciple :— cham haul, s, m. Lotus- 
footed, the holy feet : — chami lagnd 
or pavnd, charnphafnd or chami hatth Idu- 
nd, V. n.^ To falfat one's feet, to hold one's 
feet ^in the aet of isupplication or as a 
token of revweftoe) ; to be subdued, to 
admit one's authority : — cham sewd, s, f. 
Devotion to a OurUj waiting on and serv- 
ing him. 

CHABNA 'tJdA> *• ^- Anything 

for cattle to eat out of, as a blanket 
suspended by the four comers, a 4»^ugh, 
a manger ; half trousers, breeches ; — v. 
n. To graze, to feed, to paature ; to 
spread (as oil in cloth) ; to snap or 
miss fire (a gun.) 

CHARNAMAT 'tJd/^>H3 b, m. The 

water with which feet of an idol have 
been washed, given to votaries ; the 
water after washing the feet (of one 
held in reverence) ; a little wat«r 
taken from a holy river, or tank. 

CHARNATHf BUX^ »• /• See 

CHARNf t3t32^ *. /• ^i^' of Ohamd. 

Anything for cattle to eat out of, 
a manger ; t. q. KhurlL 

CHARO ti'Q a. All four : — chdro pdse^ ad. 

On all four sides : -^hdro bannen, ad. 
lit On all four boundaries : altogether, 
completely, entirely. 

CHAROKA ^toP I a. Old, an- 
CHAROK^jA BtsrS^) ^^^^^^ ^^ ^^'^' 

en time, of a former age ; ». 3- C^irkdr 
Chirokd, Ghiroknd. 

CHAROLf tJd^ » «* (^') ^ ^*™* 
boo wicker tray, round deepening towards 

CHABOLfTA gfsto »•«• (^■) -^ 

stile in a hedge leading into a field, also 
called lagdni. 



well flavoured, hot with pepper; 
smart in conversation, pert. 

CHARPARAHAT B3*4d»OC *. /• 7 

charparAt BB14^^ '• ^- ^ 

Good flavour, high seasoning; smartness, 

HARPARf B9y^ «• /) ^ 
HARPARf A ^^IJ^tyHT^- ^- 5 8™*^*' 

pert person, a fluent talker, a chatterer ; 
active, smart, fluent, talkative. 

[T 3 cow c 

The hide of 
or buffalo used 


CHARSA ggii 

for drawing water from wells mostly 
used in Malted j a leather well bucket 
drawn by oxen : — charsd hhar^ s, ffi. A 
hidefnl, a bucketful. 

CHA9SAN tJs^Kcb 
CHA9Sf ^3jft 

s. m. ) 

A smoker of 


( 197 ) 


CHABt^ ^1? 9. i». (M.) Aspy ; a Booat 

stationed by thieves to give warning of 
the approach of intruders ; i» q. Hera. 

CHARt^Kf tJdofl 9. m. (M.) Measure 

of proprietory right in water. It is 
equal to 1/16 of a vehal or 45 minutes 
flow. This term is used in Dera I. K. 
among the Barhar9» 

CHA^tr^GOA^f tJ^dUll 9,f, A 

young sparrow; any small bird, then 
used with chirh as chifi chajringgafi :*- 
chifi df, charunggaft di^ rihi di, muidfir 
di :— 'The portion of the birds ; of the 
small birds ; of the wayfarer ; of the 
stranger. Words repeated by the Punjabi 
farmer over the first hauofuls of seed 
oast into the field. 

CHABWA tJ'd^' f. m. A small pony. 

CHABWAHA dd<>ill 9. m. A herds- 
man, a shepherd or neatherd. 

€ H ABWAHI dd^lJ) 9, /. A shepherd. 

ess, the wife of a shepherd or herds- 
man ; the business of a shepherd or cow- 

CHABWAi tid^'iO »./. The wages 
of a herdsman. 

chabwAla dd^sW '• *»• a oow- 

herd, shepherd or goatherd. 

CHABWALOf dd^lJ&'^dn 9, /. The 
business of a herdsman; wages of a herd. 

CHABWAUijrA Bd<>Qd' ^- «• To 
cause to be pastured. 

CHABWEDAB BdQt!>d 9,m. A groom ; 
i. q. Charheddr, 

chabwedAb! tld<tf<c/) s. f. 

CHABWEDiOtPU^Agg^^fgygl,. ,^. 

The business of a groom ; i. q. Char. 

CHABWEDABNf dd^tf ' dcO * /. 
The wife of a groom, 

CHABWl tJd^ *. /. ;— Fat, gi^ase ; 

— 9, m. (M.) A brass vessel called a 

CHABTA ddM> a. (M.) Mad. 

CHA8 fjn B. /. Sharpness, keenness, 

an edge as of a knife or rasor; beauty, 
taste; show :--c/kMdir, o. Sharp, keen, 
beautiful, bright, showy, tasteful. 

CHASAK BTVoT 9. /. A sharp throb- 
bing or shooting pain ; t. g. OhU, Chobh, 

CHASAK5^A fiMtt^ v.a. To ache; 
to throb. 

CHASAM grW ,. /. The eye. 

CHASKA BToTV 8,m. Belish, taste, 

predilection, ard^it desire ; habit : — chas- 
xebdj, 9, m. /. Voluptuous, sensual ; one 
who lives to gratify the appetites, a per- 
son of sensual habits, an epicure, a volup- 
tuary, a debauchee i^cJuukeb^fi, #. /. 
Sensuality, epicureanism, voluptuousness. 

CHASKtJ WPl^ 9. w. See Ohdk9i. 


A spring, a 

fountain : — chaameddr^ a. Having a 
springing fountain or fountains. 

CHASJjTf tJIM^ «./ Akind of syrup, 

flavour, relish, a mixture of sweet and 
sour; a vessel in which syrup is 


( 198 ) 


CHAT tJC «•/• An excoriation, a hnrfc or 

Bore which has destroyed the skin so 
that the raw flesh is seen. 

CHAT W^ '- /• Taste, relish, zest, 

fondness, predilection, longing ; a sense 
of gnawing (spoken of the stomach), a 
sensation of hunger; a mess for cattle 
made of flonr, salt and water : — chdf Id- 
una, V, a. To give one a taste for a 
thing ; to tame :— ^Aa/6 laggnd^ v. a. 
To acqnire a taste for a thing, to be- 
come habituated to a thing, to be 


«. m. (M.) An armful. 

CHAfAf d^l^ ». /. Licking; a 

mat made of grass, rushes, palm leaves, 
cocoanut fibre, sugar-cane stalks or other 

CHATAK tJ^o( 8. /. Brilliancy, beauty 

(of colour) ; predilection, taste, longing ; 
a split, a crackling noise, a crash; dis- 
cord, disagreement ;— a. Brilliant, beauti- 
ful, (spoken of colours) i^-^ehaiak jdnd, 
V. n. See GhafaJmd ; t. g. Chefak, 

CHATAK tJ^'bl ». m, A wound, a 
scar, a mark. 

and remove.) To defer an applicant 
to a future day, to put oflp with promises, 
to divert from an object or pursuit. 

CHATANN B3?r a. Rational, intel- 

ligent, having understanding, sensible: 
cautions, wideawake, aware, acquainted ; 
t. 9, ChaUann, 

CHATAE ggg \ a. Ingenious, 
CHATAR W3^i clever, shrewd, 
CHATARA tJdd'j wise, intelligent ; 

cunning, dexterous i-^ckatarbht^^ «. m 
An epithet of Krishna :^cKatartdi, s.f. 
See Chatardi. ^ 

CHATARAf B3Sr^ #. /. Cleverness, 

shrewdness, expertness, cunnini? • r. a 
Chataridi, Chatrdi, » > »- 9- 

chatArnA ddHdA t 

remind ; $. q. Chitdmd. 

V. a. 


f s.m. 
) a G 

A smack, 


chatAka ddWi 


crash, an explosion or the sound caused 
by these ; shining of the sun. :— cAa/tf- 
khe ddr, a, Delicious. 

CHATAKH^A B^¥S* ) V, n. To be 
CHATAKt^A tJ^O<d ' ) separated, 

to be split, to be rent, to crack, to 
burst out, to make a crackling noise; 
to be resplendent ; to be displeased, 
to be out of humour; — s, m. A slap. 

CHATALNA BHSTOS* J r. a. (lit 

chAtAl^A tJ ' ^ ' ttd' I ^ *^^® ^P 

CH ATARNf tJddX) •. /. See Chitiam£. 

CHATAUBTA dd ' Q gl i^. a. To dause 

to be licked ; to waste (money) ; to 
make to eat ; to bribe. 

CHATKAr! gesn^ *./. A clicking 

sound as that of drawiug a cork, made 
with the tongue; c. tr. mdmi, 

CHATKARNA ddo( I dA ' t;. a. To 

make a clicking sound with the tongne 
by way of exciting a horse ; t. q. 2VcA- 

CHATAPAT g^TUe ad. Repeatedly, 

successively, quickly, immediately. 
CHATAPAyf HSni^,./. See Chafpaiu 

CHATERA g§gi^. m. A painter of 



( 199 ) 


pictures : one who works figures in metals, 
an engraver; •, q. Ckiterd. 

CHATKiUS^A d^oIlQ^I ]ftta.To 




to crack, to cause to make a crackiiog 
noise ; to snap (the fingers) ; to smack 
(the lips) ; to split ; to rend, to sepa- 
rate ; to cause to ^ off ; to irritate; to 
excite to qnarrelling. 

CHATKfLA g^ofhPP a. Splendid, 
(in oolonr) ; elegant, spruce ; delicious. 

CHAf^jf d^fdl #. /. A mixture of 

various condiments used as a relish ; a 
medicine prepared in the form of a 
thick mixture like a syrup i^cka^mi 
hojdnd^ V. n. To disappear quickly, to be 
swallowed instantly as anything si^uiy 
is swallowed. 

CHATPATT BSV^ ad. Quickly, has- 

tily, immediately :~cka(pat( hatulj v. n. 
To be sharp ; to die suddenly. 

CHAT?A t;l"C«i s. m. *) A disciple, a 
CHAT*r ^ \ ^J\ i. /.) learner. 

CHATRif dddl^ B. /. See Chatarii, 

chatbbbA tJddd' #. w. Of.) 

See Chaterd. 

CHATRIK giHfeSr t. m. The pied 

cuckoo or pipikd (Cuculus melan6kucoi) 
supposed to drink rain drops only. 

CHATOR ^^g 8. w. /. j One who 
CHATOBA tJ^d> '. W' [ is fond of 
CHATORf g;^ ,. / ) delicacies 
or dainties, an epicure ; greedy. 

CHATPATA B^T^eTa. Quick; deli- 
cious, striped. 

chatpatAhat ti<iq<;iOd *. /. 

Haste, perturbation. 

CHATT ^3 ,. «. (K) A stone 
trough for cattle to drink out of. 


8, m. Licking, making 



V. n. 

To be perturbated, to be confused. 

CHATPATF B^V^ ,. /. Haste, 
perturbation ; c. ic. laggni. 

CHATPATf A B^V^blP \ a. Haying 
CHATPATTA g^i^^lXH? ) stripes 

of different colours; quick, active, 
urgent, unwilling to wait. 

clean (as with a lick);— a. Quickly, 
immediately, i—chaitpatfy ad. Quickly, 
hastily, immediately :—c^a^/ &<m<|, v, n. 
To be finished, to die, to be destroyed : 
-^chatt kamd, v. n. To use up; to 
take all off the beard; to destroy : 
--chaff karjdnd, v, n. To eat with 
zest : — chaff lawd, v. a. To lick, to eat ; 
to take a bribe. 

CHiqrrA gr^ *. m. a large earthen 

CHATT AM B^ fl. Clean, shaved; 

eaten, finished z-^^haffam hond, v. n. 
To be completely exhausted, to be finish- 
ed, to be destroyed, to die : — chaffam 
kamdf V. a. To lick up, to make clean 
work of a thing ; to finish ; to shave off 
all the beard ; to destroy. 

CHATTAR B^ s. m. (M.) The 

term applied to a male camel* when 
four years old. 


( 200 ) 


OHATPH '^^s.f. The ceremony of 

feeding Brahmans and othen on BOob 
0pecial occasions, as the consecration of 
a well, tank, or honse. This is done to 
expiate the nilt supposed to hare 
aocraed to those concerned in the 
work by the killing of insects in the pro- 
cess of digging the well and raising the 
buildings ; c. uj, kamd^ karM. 

CHATTHA BJ? «. m. A watering 

trough for cattle, dKs. ; the name of 
a minor caste of Jat$, 

CHATTHtJ ^S «. w. A wooden mor- 
tar ; the centre of a whirlpool where it 
appears hollow, a hollow circular piece of 
wood or simUarl^ shaned earthen vessel 
coTcred with skin ana used as a drum. 

CHATT^ ^l<rn «•/• ^ !««« earthen 

CHATTf a^l «. /. A fine, a for- 

f eit, a penalty ; loss, damage ; expen^, 
charges :— €fcaW^ chapatfi, chaffi ehipiri, 
ckafti chdrd, cha{ti chM, *. /. A fine, a 
penalty :— c^aft< cfewl, hharni, v. a. To 
pay a fine ; to pay for ; to incur expenses, 
to suffer a loss :~^ha4ti laaniorpaimi^v. 
n. To be fined :— cAa«/ Wtwil, v, a. To 
impose a finet-^nJ^I khtum h(td dohte 
nun chatt^ paJL The grandmother 
marries a husband and the grandson is 
fiued for it— Prov. used of those who 
are wrongly punished for ofEences com- 
mitted by others. 

CHATT^i d^A' «• w. To lick, to 

lap ; to be operative, to effect, to 
infiuence ; to eat, to waste, to destroy; 
to take bribe. 

CTTAyytf ^^9' i»- ^ wooden morter ; 

met a great eater, one who is good for 
nothing but to eat ; one who spends all 
he can get ; t . q. OhaffhA. 

CHATUni H^d* '• *^' 
CHATt^Bf y^J\ »• /• 

keeping meal and grain ; used also for 
chumifig milk and for other purposes. 

cause to be licked (as a sore by a 

The coulter of a 
ugh (both the iron 

GHAU S ) t./. 
CHAtJ ^3 ploi 

point and the piece of wood to w^ich 
It is attached) i^-chau in^, v. «. To be 
calm and patient; to be gentle and 

taste, pleasure \ ♦. g. OAi. 

CHAUAnI €W2^ )«./. AsmaU 
CHAUANNf €yM2S^ ) ^^^ ^^ 

equal in value to four annas. 

CHAUBACHCHA ^dtjl t. f». Corrup. 

ted from ChdlAochiM. Ut. the young or 
son of a well. A reservoir of mason- 
work, ususally built on to a well -, 
i. g. Chuhachchd, 

shaubAbA ^yid* «• «*• ^» ^VV^ 

room of a house usually on the roof, and 
with four windows whence the name ; 
%, g. Ohubdrd. 

OHAUBf '9^ a. Twenty four ; «\ q. 
Chawfy Chauv^, 


( 201 ) 


i 3 



the twenty-fourth. 

J four towers. 

CHAUBURjf :9gaffft 

CHAUDAljr §^ a. 

Fourteen : — 

chauddn tahak, s, m. "^ Fourteen regions, 
seven above and seven below this earth. 



^ a. 




Angry, ready 
fight, bellicose. 

*. /. Rage, 
readiness to 

CHAUDARf §^ 8, f. A house 
with four dooi*s, one on each side. 

CHAUDAS ^^JJ 8'f. From the Sans- 

krit Chautardashi. The fourteenth day 
of the waxing or waning moon ; the four- 
teenth or the twenty-ninth day of the 
lunar month. 

CHAUDHAR ^JJ^ ^ ../. The 

CHAUDHARAf ^TJB^ \ office of 
CHAUDHARAIT B^ra'ten [ a head- 
OHAUDHRAT ^irarg I man 


The business of a Chaudhart, 


chaudharAin dMd ' fed 

CHAUDHARNf :g q^^^ 
of a CJiaudhari. 

s. f. 

CHAUDHARf ^XJ^ | s. m. The 
CHAUDHRf ^g^ ) head-man of 

a village or of a trade; the head-man 
in a nation or in a caste (barddari) ; a 
head-man in a bazar or a lane ; an hono- 
rific term of address especially among 
the Jdts. 


1 a. Four- 
3 teenth. 

CHAUFER ^U I ad. All around, 
CHAUFERE ^§ )on all sides. 

CHAUGA ^gn a. Having four teeth 

(spoken of young cattle). The term used 
to specify a male camel up to four 
years old. 

CHAUGAN §gFJ^ 5. m, A plain; 
an open square in a city. 

CHAUGANf ^anj^ a. A plaited 
huqqd stem. 

CHAUGGA ^gn a. See Chaugd, 

CHAUGHARA §U(gT $, m, A house 

with rooms built on the four sides of an 
open court ; a kind of cardamum with 
four divisions. 

CHAUGIRD ^f^g^ ad, prep. Round- 
about, around, about, all around. 

CHAUGIRDE §ftra$ ad. Round- 
about, all around. 


( 202 ) 


CHAUGUNA gajH? a. Foarfold, four 


CHATJH ^d 8, m, A spot, a stain ; 
c. 10. laggnd. 

CHAUH/<N ^cTC «• w^- The name 
of a caste of Rajputs, 

CHAUHAR ^Ug #. /, A fourth 

CHAUHAT ^Ue a. Sixty-four. 

chauhattA ^TT^ 

5. m. A place 

where two streets or markets cross each 

CHAUHATTAR ^U^ i;. Seventy- 
four; i.q. Chuhattar, 

Seventy- four. 



T 8. m. The year 

CHAUHATWAN 30ci^ ' a. Sixty, 


8. TO. The year 

CHAFHUl? ^ o. Fonr ChauhuM 
cAoraii d* mdr, A terrible beating. 

CHAUK ^oT *.TO. An 

open square 

in a city, the main street or central 
thoroughfare of a city ; a plain ; a 
square place prepared on the ground over 
which flour and perfumes are sprinkled 
at weddings and on other occasions of re- 
joicings. On the floor marks are made by 
a Brahman to obtain favourable omens 
from the planets (NaugraJ^s)^ and these 
marks are worshipped by the bride 
and bridegroom, or other parties con- 
cerned ; a head ornament (of silver or 
gold) worn by women. Chauk pumdy 
V. n. To fill a chauk or square with 
flour and perfumes at weddings, <feo. 
i. q. Chaunk. 

CHAUKA ^oP «. m. The figure four. 

CHAUKA'N ^^ 8.m, (M,) Number 

four ^generally spoken of money, as 
four pice, four cowries.) 

CHAUKANNA ^oRy a. Alarmed, 

startled, wary, watchful, on the qui 
rive, circumspect : — chankannd hond, v. n 
To be alarmed, to be watchful, to be 
wide awake. 

CHAUKAR ^oTS 9. m. Tho sacred 

thread worn by high caste Hindus ; four 
stringrs ; — a. Good, fine, right, excellent, 
agreeable, suitable, well done. 

CHAUKARE ^o^^ a. Good, ri^ht, 

CHAUKARf ^oT^ 8. f. A bound ; a 

leap; four webs of cloth all of the 
same kind. See Chaunkaru 

m m 

CHAUKARU ^3or^)nr *. m. a bed 
woven with a cord of four strands. 


( 203 ) 


CHAUKAS ^oTTT a. Warj, cautious, 

prudent, careful, watchful, active, at- 
tentive, intelligent ; c. w, rahtnd, 

CHAUKASAl ^oTTRT^ ) s. f, Atten. 
CHAUKASf :§of7ft J tion, cai-eful- 

ness, watchfulness, circumspection. 

CHAUKATH ^^ofcS ^ s. f. A door or 
CHAUKATH §5^ j window frame; a 

bedstead; i. q. Chukdfh. 

CHAUKATHA ^oTOT s. 7n. The form 

or frame work of the body (applicable 
to all things animate, except birds) ; 
i. q, Chuhdthd, 


CHAUKHA^l :§tf3 a. Good, fine, 

right, excellent (generally used in the 
plural form as ChaukJuire) / t. gr. 

CHAUKHAT -^^f^ s. f. A frame of a 
door or window ; i. q. Ckugd(h, 

hoofs) Cattle. 

8. m. (liL four 

CHAUKf ^oft s.f. A chair, a seat, 

a throne, a safe for victuals, a watch, 
a guard, a police-station, an out-post, a 
band of musicians, a pilgrimage to 
certain sacred places, having certain 
rights 01 emoluments in connection with 
the pilgrims on a pilerrimage : — chauki 
hahdlni, bahdum, haifhdlni, baithduni, v. 
n. To place a guard, to set a watch : — 
chaukty hhanni or mdrm^ v. n. To smuggle 
: — chauki hhamt, v. n. To make offer- 
ings to gods or goddess, to worship, to 

sleep on the ground instead of a bed 
from religious motives, to fulfil a pil- 
grimage without sleeping on a bed- 
stead, to keep vigils. When a company of 
pilgrims halt at a place on their way, 
those who intend to join the band come 
in fi*om the surrounding villages, 
and with them come many of their 
friends, who keep watch through 
the night and return home the next 
morning : to pay custom : — chauki 
kami, v. n. To hold a musical concert 
before a g^eat man or Granth Sdhih : — 
chauki dent, v. n. To give one a seat, to 
keep watch ; also the same as chauki 
hharni : — chauktddr, 8. m. A watchman, a 
sentinel, guard, a village policeman : — 
chauktddri, s. f. The office of a watch- 
man, the tax on account of watch or 
ward, fees or wages paid to the town 
or village watchman : — chaukiddrni, 8, f. 
The wife of a chaukiddr : — chakt pahrd^ 
*. m. One's turn of watch or guard 
: — chauki pahrd dend, v. n. To keep 
watch or guard ; i* q, Chaunku 

CHAUKKA ^of^ #. w. A place smeared 

with mixture of cow-dung and earth 
where Hindus eat ; a cooking place. See 

OH AUKOR ^ofU «• ^our sided, quad- 

OHAUKt^NA ^oTST a. Four cornered, 

CHAUL B^ I 8, m. Rice (as it ia 
CHAUL ^iQm ) sold in the market) : 

— cJiaul ku hhar, a. Little, a feather 
weight (lit. the weight of a grain of rice.) 


hAulA gifsji 

name of a caste among Arofds, 

1 8. TTb. A pre; 
fT ) tion of rice, 



( 204. ) 


CHAULApA ^25^ a. Consisting of 

four strings, as a chaplet, a string of 
beads or pearls, made of four strands. 



s, m. Four 

chaumAhAn ^-tpjji 

pay ; {, q. ChuTndhd, Chumdhdn. 

CHAUMANA §WST a. Holding four 

maunds, able to carry four maunds, sell- 
ing at four maunds for a rupee, weigh- 
ing four maunds. 

CHAUMASA ^WTTP a. Weighing 

four mdsda; — 8, m. The rainy season, 
which comprises the four months Hdrh, 
Sdwariy Bhddon, Assu; i. q. Chumdsd, 

CHAUMUKHA ^WV ) o. Hav- 

CHAUMTJKHfA ^W>|tw [ ing four 

CHAUMUKHYA ^yVfXiIT ) sides 

or faces ; a name of Brahma ; a lamp 
with four wicks on opposite sides ; 
a. q. Ghumukhid. 

CHAUerA ^^ a. Four-fold;—*, m. 
A herd of kine ; a collection of cattle. 

CHAUgrA BT@2T a. To raise, to lift. 

CHAUIJK ^^ s.Tn. See Chauk. 

CHAU^KA #^ f. m. A place 

smeared with a mixture of cow-dung and 
earth where Hindus cook, eat or wor- 
ship ; the act of smearing the place ; a 
square stone or brick ; destruction; ruin; 
spoilation : — chaunkd hhdndd karnd, v. n. 
To plaster the ground (with the mixture 
of cowdung and earth) and to wash and 
scrub the cooking pans in preparation 
for food :— chaunkd dend, pdund, phernd, 
V. n. To smear a place with cow-dung ; 

to deny ; to refuse payment : — Chaunkd 
milnd, mil jdnd, r. n. To be_ destroyed; 
to be ruined. 

CHAUNKAJElf ^diS *• / A bound, a 

leap, the leap of a deer, four -webs of 
cloth of the same kind : a commu- 
nity of four men : — chaunkari hhami or 
utthnij r. a. To leap, to spring, to bonnd 
: — chaunkari hhulljdnt, v. a. To make 
a miscalculation in one's movements ; 
to be out of one's reckoning ; to be 
perplexed ; to be at a loss ; to lose one's 
presence of mind (being entangled in 
some diflBculty) ; to forget to leap : — 
chaunkari mdrnd or mdr haithnd^ r. n. 
To sit cross-legged : — chanddl chaunkari 
8. /. A community of four or more 
bad men. 

CHAUNKA^f A dotf^YlT «. m. A bed 

woven with a cord of four strands. 
CHAUNKf B^l *. /. See ChaukL 

CHAUNK^tA ^§^or2? r. n. To startle, 
to cry out (as a puppy.) 

CHAUNP §^ 8. /. Wish, desire, 

strong inclination, the pleasure one has 
in doing a thing : — chaunpkali^ *. tiu A 
kind of necklace worn by women. 

CHAU^PA §^ 8. m. The jessamine ; 
a kind of sweet smelling flower. 



^ 8, m. Dice ; 
j dice cloth ; 


game analagous to the race game play- 
ed with dice, also called ^xicAm ; 
t. q. Chaupar Chaupaf, 

CHAUPf ^ift 8, m. One who has 

pleasure in doing anything. 


( 205 ) 


haunpnA ^V7? «• / 

sure, love ; ». 5. Chaup, 

CHAUNPUR B"y3 s, m. A dice 
cloth ; t. q. Chaupai. 

CHAUNPU^fA ^Hl^^rMT 8. m. A 
dice player. 


CHAUNSf PAINSf ^^Tfr^lft '• /• ) 

Having four hundred or five hundred 
threads in the width (a kind of cloth.) 

chaunsAlA §71TJ5T $, w., /. A 

horse or mare up to four years old ; 
%, q. Chiisdld. 

CHAU^SAR d'j4d 8. m. The name of 

a game, chess, a chess board : — chaunsar 
khedndj v, n. To play chess. 

CHAUNTA ^^ ^ 5. m. A four 

CHAUNTARA ^^gi I cornered or 
CHAUUTApA ^^331 I square plat- 
CHAUNT^lA ^' ggT I form or ter- 

race, raised to sit on, a platform to 
sit on, a place smeared with a mixture 
of cow-dung, earth and water where 
Hindus cook, eat and worship. 

CHAUNUKRA dAo(d> «. Four 

CHAUPA ^\p 8. w. A kind of flower : 

— chaupdkali, 8, m, A kind of necklace 
worn by women. 


I a. Four 
j sided, 

spoken of inanimate things, t. c.,'a bottle, 
pillar, stick, timber. 

CHAUPAf ^IJ^ I ,. /. From the 
CHAUPAf ^Hr^ ) Sanskrit Chaturth^ 

padi. A kind of four lined verse, the 
measure of which consists of four feet. 

CHAUPAIA ^§tnfl?y)r 8. m, A quad- 


*. m. See (Jhauu' 
par, Chaunpaf. 

CHAUPATT §l|e ad. Suddenly, 

violently, without provocation :-^chaupaft 
deg dend, v, a. To throw down violentl 
ly i—chaupaff diggnd, v, n. To fall 
down violently i-'chaupatf mdrnd, 8aitnd, 
V. n. To cast down with violence, to 
destroy ;—a. Flat. 



a. Four leaved • 
a four leaved 

CHAUPHAL 5^35") a. Having four 
CHAUPHAU ^^[^5 folds; c. w. 


CHAUPHAL ^^l^ a. Having the four 

sides entire (as a brick), lying on 
the back, falling on the back, flat ; c. w. 
dtggndy digg patnd, gir paind. 

CHAUPHA5 §^Tg a. Split or broken 
into four pieces ; c. w. kamd. 

CHAUPNA ^IWs.f. Desire, wish, 
love; t. q. Champ. 


( 206 ) 



CHAIHl ^9[ s, m. Destruction; deso- 
lation ; obstinacy ; — a. Desolate ; bereft : — 
chaiir chdnan, chaur chdnam, a. Reckless ; 
licentious; luxurious ; wandering: — chaur 
chapatjy chupaff, a. Completely destroy- 
ed or lost ; i. q. hond. 

CHAUR ^g 8, m. The taU of a lion 

when raised over the head ; the tail of 
the Yak used as a fly-brush : — chaur 
dhdlndy jhobidy v. a. To wave a fly- 
brush over one*s head. 

CHAURA -93' 5. m. A man who has 

a large heavy beard grey with age (spok- 
en in derision) ; — a. Having a white 
heavy tail somewhat like the Tibetan 
Yak (spoken of cattle), also a white and 
gi-ey bullock, the tassel of whose tail 
has black hairs outside and white inside. 

CHAU^lA ^gr a. Wide, broad:— 

chanrd hondy r. n. To be widened, to be 
extended, to insist on or enlarge one's 
demands, to insist upon. 

CHAURAhA dd^Or s. m. A place 
whei*e two roads ci\>ss each other. 

CHAUt^f ^gn^ s, /. Width, breadth. 

CUAURAlslG ^^gi s. m. See Ghurang, 
CHAUUA^'JJA ^ttr a. Fifty-four. 
Cn.\URAIJJM.«iI ^%HMf| a. Fifty- 

cuAUHA^jwAi>i g^H^i ) f^^wth. 

ClTAUllANMK!^ #3»?rff | a. Ninety- 
CHAUUANWKljI ^d»A^^ ) ^^^^ 

CHAUUAS ^^m a- Squaiv, four 

buUhU manjr sJdtMi (spokeu of a gun 
whvwo bon> \s not i»uua.) 

CHAURAS ^?TT a. Square. 

CHAURASf ^gTTft a. Eighty-four;— 

8. f. The 84,00,000 (births to which 
sinful mortals are doomed) : — chaurdsi- 
lakkh, 8, f. All varieties or different 
stages of transmigrations : — chaurdix 
bhognd, v. n. To undergo all the trans- 
migrations of one's fate, to be punished 
for one's sins ; i. q, Churdsu 


8. m. A cross 

road, a place where two streets cross 
each other; i. q. Chaurdhd. 


8. m. See (Thau- 


CHAD^tAUNA ^ gj l Q<£ f v. a. To 
widen, to enlarge ; i. q. Churdtuui. 

CHAURf ^^ 5. /. See Chaur, 


CHAUgf ^^ a. Fern. of chaurd;^ 

8. /. (M,) The sloping stick fixed in 
the share (kur or munni) of a plough, 
and at the top of which, the handle 
(mtithid) is fixed, the leg of a slaugh- 
tered and dismembered animaK 

CH AURf mAR ^^hf^ s. /. (3f. lU. 

shoulder stricker). A kind of paralysis 
of the limbs. 

CHAURSAf ^gjT^ 8, f. Square- 



*. m. A destroyer (of 

ono*s own property), a desolator, a 

CHAUSA '^TP A. Having' four hundred 
threads in the width (a kind of cloth). 


( 207 ) 


— chausd painsd, a. Having four or 
five hundred threads in the width (a 
kind of cloth) ; — s. rru (M.) Fondness for 
sweetmeats. This sometimes becomes a 
passion, persons having been known to 
sell their furniture and all they possess 
to gratify it. 

CHAUSALA ^WJ5T ,. m. (M.) A 

horse or mare up to four years old ; i. q. 

CHAUSAR ^TRT *• w. The name 

of a game ; chess ; a chess board : — 
chausar hhednd^ v, a. To play chess. 

CHAUSf ^ift *) 8. f. See 

CHAUSf PAISf ^^rf^Orft) Chaunst 

• / 


CHAUT ^3 8, m., (M.) A gi'ain mea- 
sure varying in amount, generally about 
a bushel. 

CHAUTAL 9rf"W| s. m. A 
CHAUTAR ^%3^ ) in music. 


CHAU^H ^3 8. /. (M.) A measure of 

capacity equal in weight to from one 
maund twenty- four seers to two maunds 
twenty seers. Its weight varies in al- 
most every town. 

CHAUTHA ^9^ a. Fourth, returning 

on fourth day (quartan fever), an attack 
of fever on the fourth day, an assem- 
blage of relatives and brotherhood on the 
fourth day after a death. 

CHAUTHAf ^;^[^ s. f. The fourth 
part or a quarter. 

CHAUTRA ^3UT 5. w. See Chauntd. 

CHAUTTHA ^W I a. Fourth;— 
CHAUTTHf ^W^ y-'^ Fourth day. 

CHAUTALf ^:jl^ a. Forty.four. 

CHAUT ARA 5bd' I 5. w. An ele- 

CHAUTA?A ^SW J ^^^^^ P^®*^® 

for sitting; made of bricks or earth ; 
i. q. Thard: 

CHAUTArA B'SHBT a kind of thin 
cloth ; a measure of four beats. 

CHAUT ARf 5 3^ a. Thirty-four. 

CHAUTH ^g s, f. The fourth day, 

past or future ; — a. The fourth past or 
future, the fourth of the lunar month ; 
— ad. Four days ago, four days hence. 



a. Thirty-four. 



a. Twenty-four. 

B^^^^ a. Twenty 

CHIW ^T^ 8. m. The same as Chdu :~ 
Chaw laiy ad. For the sake of pleasure. 

chAwal Bt^<55 
chAwar ^ i ^j 

^ 8, m. 

Husk drice; 

CHAWAN tJIs^cS V' a. (M,) To lift, 
to raise. 


or splinter 

d^ldffij s.f. A 
tJ^ I ^ ) small stick 

burning at one end ; 



208 ) 


a brand burned at one end and quench- 
ed ; met. the fire of discord ; irritating 
language : — ckawdti Iduf^i, v. a. To apply 
a burning brand to anything ; to excite 
the passions of any one by irritating 

CHAWTHA W^W s, vu Quartan 
fever; i, q, Chauthd. 

CHE '^ s. f, A sound used to call 

goats : — cheche, 8. f. A goat (used 
by children only) ; i. q. Chke. 


CHEB %^ s. m, (K.) Turf used to 

stop a gap in the bank of a rice field or 

CHECHAK Qdb( 5. /. Small-pox. 

CHED %^ s. /. (M.) The term 
used to specify a ewe after it is a year old. 

CHEHA^nA Qo^^I v. a. To glue 

two pieces of leather with paste and 
hammering; i, q. Chiharnd, 

CHEKH ^§^ 8, /. (K.) The line 

which divides one man's portion of a 
field from another. 

CHEKRf ^oT^ 8, f, (Pot.) The 

lower stratum of a mud roof, which may 
be either of mud or brick ; i. g. Phaska, 

CHEL "^ilS^f.CM.) The loins, the waist : 

— chel da main patkd desdn. I will give 
you a girdle for your loins. — Marriage 

CHELA %7^ 
CHELf %^ 

8. W. ^ 


A disciple, 
pupil, a learner, 

a follower, (especially a follower of a, 
Hindu god or goddess or of some Muham- 
madan Pir : — chela chdnid. chela chdtrd, 
5. m. A disciple, a follower. 

CHELKf QMoH 8. m. (M.) An 

ornament for the waist, consisting of a 
broad belt of silver chains worn round 
the loins, mostly by Hindu, but also 
by a few Muhammadan women. 

CHELRf ^35^ 8. f. (M,) Feminine, 

diminutive of Oheld. A woman pos- 
sessed by a Jinn or evil spirit. Women 
so afflicted repair to certain religious 
shrines, — Jalalpur in Multan, Shahr 
Sultan in MuzafPargarh, Uch in Baha- 
walpur, Pir Katal in Dera Ghazi Khan 
— to have the evil spirits cast out. 
The patients sit together, barehead- 
ed, on the ground and sway their 
arms and bodies about to the sound 
of a drum. An attendant of the 
shrine goes round beating them with 
a whip, while another gives them 
scented oil (phulel) to put on their 
heads and to drink. The performance 
ends by the exhausted women being 
dragged away by their relations. 

CHEMBAR ^l{^3«»»- (^') A species 

of g^ass very common in the Bar, it 
appears to thrive in every kind of soil, 
— sandy, clayey or saline. With good 
rain it attains a fair height, and is very 
dense in growth. It is deemed one of the 
best sort of grass ; t. q. Chhimhar. 


gether ; to paste. 

r. a. To stick to- 

CHEPtJ ^y 8, w. The Himalayan 

black bird, remarkable for its power 
of imitating the sounds of birds. It is 
called the mimic among birds. 

CHER ^H s, m. {M.) A labourer. 


( 209 ) 


CH£R ^3 '• /• Vexation, irritation ; 
provocation, nickname ; «. g. Chher. 

CHERA t3d' '• ^' A disciple ; a pupil j 
a servant ; a slave. 

CHERlT^^ir. w. (M,) A herdsman ; {. q. 


CHESHTA ^^K.m./. Enjoyment, 
CHESTA ^TRJT) pleasure, quarrel, 

contest, motion, exorcise, application, 
endeavour, search, bodily functions. 

CHETTA ^y^ $. m. Memory, recol- 
lection, mind, thought, perception, con- 
sideration, imagination. 

CHEULf ^§5^ i. /. A kind of 
silk cloth. 



#. /. A report, a 


*. w. The Hindu name of 

the first- month in the Civil year, 
beginning fi^om the middle of March. 

CHETA %3\ 8. m. See Chcttd. 

CHETAK #^or 8. /. Love, care, 

anxiety, concern, readiness, expertness, 
diligence, taste, relish, fondness ; c. w. 
laggnd, laggniy Idundy Iduni. 

CHETAN §3?5 s, m. A sentient 
being, soul, spirit; Divine soul. 

CHETAXN %37^a. Intelligent, having 

understanding, rational, wide-awake, 
aware, cautious, acquainted, sensible, 
attentive, animate, sentient ; c. w. Jwnd, 

CHETAE^ ,. n,. Seo CIu>t. 

CHHA IS^ 8, f, A shade, a shadow; 

— (M,) Buttermilk : — sadke JciH teri 

chhdy €L8dkun kutte, kdnun chhurd or 

teri chhd chhaddi, sanun kutttdn tJion 

chhudd, I let you off the buttermilk 

you were to have given me if you will 

only deliver me from the dogs. A 

faqir who was begging for buttermilk, 

and was attacked \>j the house dog, 

addressed the owner as above. — Prov. 

used of those who, in expectation of 

getting something from a person, comes 

to grief at his hands. 

CHHAB gfl^ 8, /. (M,) A dam in a 

canal that raises the water level, but 
does not completely stop the flow. 
An impervious dam which completely 
stops the water is called 8uk bandh or 
gandhd ; i, q. Chhdp, 


8,f, Beauty; splendour; 

brilliancy; shape; fashion; form; figure ; 
c, w, Nikalnd. 


8. m. (if.) A flat basket 

^HETNA §HST V, a. To remember, 

|o think of, to reflect upon, to deli- 
o«rate on, to determine, to be aware of 
to repeat the name of God, to wor- 

made of hufd (Saccharum sara) or 
date leaves ; a kind of shoe or sandal, 
consisting of a flat sole without sides, and 
secured to the foot by straps passing 
diagonally across the toes and one 
passing round the heel. 

CHHABBA g^ *. m. An ornament 

(made of silver or gold and silk) worn 
by Sikh children on the head (mostly 
used by villagers.) 


( 210. ) 


CHHABBA 'S^ '• ^' ^ ^^^ basket 

njsed for keeping bread, sweetmeat and 
fruits in on the occasion of Hindu 
marriages ; one scale (or side of pair 
of scales.) : — kise chhdbhe pure nd hond. 
JSfot to come to any terms by any way. 

CHHABBf ^H^ a. Twenty.six. 


9, Tn. A muzzle, a 

small basket: — chkdlhu demi, v. n. To 
stop the mouth from speaking and 
eatmg; to muzzle. 

CHHABrawAl!? C»^0<> ) a. Twenty- 
CHHABf SWAl^ ^tflH^i ) sixth. 

CHHABfL ^iSiih 8, f. From the 

Arabic 8<$btL A place where water is 
dealt out gratuitously: — ckhaM Iduni, 
V, a. To give a drink of water gratis ; 
to be of loose character (a woman.) 

CHHABfLf g^tS^ 


8* tn, I a. 
#. /. J si 


up the purchases of customers; it is also 
called the Dhdk» 

chhachhohrA sSu^r a. Tri. 

fling, puerile, airy, mean, contemptible, 
childish, showy, ostentatious : — chka- 
chhohrdpan, s. /. Childishness, shallow- 
ness ; meanness, baseness, display, show. 

GHHACHHrA ^I^M' a. Impure 


a. Forsaken, abandon- 

ed, wicked (generally applied to a 
wicked woman) ; i. q. CliJiufiar. 

GHHADAM GJtf'H »' ^' A quarter 
of a pice (properly cTiheddm.^ 


s. m. Clothing: — 

CHHAB]^! ^mS s.f. A small bas- 
ket : — chhdbfi dhm{^ or todhunt^ v. n. To 
work or live by hawking articles for 
sale : — chhdbfi todld, b, m, A hawker. 

CHHACHHA €^ .. m. The name of 

the 12th letter of the Gurmukhi Alpha- 
bet; «. q, Chhichhd. 

CHHACHCHHARA ^g^d ' «. rn. The 

BiUea frondoaa, a tree which has a red 
and purple flower called Kesu, and 
the leaves of which are used by 
shopkeepers and confectioners to wrap 

Bhojan chhddan^ b, m. Eating and 

CHHApAUNA ^^iQ^I V. a. To 
release, to cause to be set at liberty. 


CHHADD CflHApp«rA ^^^^^ 

i;. a. To leave finally ; to leave perma- 
nently ; to abandon entirely ; to give up 

CHHApp DElSrA S^2^) r. a. To 
CHHAppNA ^^^1 5 ^®*^ 5 ^ 

let alone ; to forsake ; to release ; to 

CHHApp 3ktSk STTTTS^ V. n. To 

leave behind ; to abandon. 


< 211 ) 


CHHAGAL SBI75 *' m- C^) A 

basin for washing hands ; «'. }. Qangi 

CHHAGAL ST^T9S «• /• A leatlier 

water bag, a leather bottle with a spoat 
to it. 

CHHAH gm $. /. Buttermilk :— 
chhdioeld, m. m. See Chdhtoeld. See Ohdh. 

CHHAHA^tJ SvF^ $. w. Very thin 
' poor buttermilk. 

CHHAHI gfb 9. f. A hiding place, 

ambush, a parapet, a rampart, a nar- 
row pass between two hills: — chhahi 
mdmd^ v. n. See Chhahtnd. 

CHHAHHsTA S^T^f V. ». To lie under 

a covert, to lie in ambosh, to couch 
preparatory to springing upon the 
prej; %. q, Ohhahind. 

CHHAI^ #./. Mortality, frailty, des- 

CHHAI SHSi ' /• Ashes, dark spots on 

the face, or on a mirror; the spots 
seen on the face of the moon; c. w, 
pai jdnd. 

CHHAiA Sn^W ^* ^' -^ shade, a 

shadow, the reflection of any object 
(eqpeciaJly of an eclipse) in water, or 
in a mirror ; influence. 

CHHAIHNA BiSS^ V, n. To lie under a 
covert, to lie in ambush ; i, q, Ohhahind, 


I o. B 
\ some: 

Beautiful, hssti* 
•chJiail chhM^ 

Idj chhail bdnkd^ chhail jawdn^ ». m. A 
beautiful or handsome man, a beau. 

GHHAILTANA S^dA^ <• «»• An in- 
visible being supposed to move in a cir* 
cular orbit round the world, called by 
Hindus Yogxni, 

") «. HI. Cj 

j hajdune. 

Cymbals ; c. w. 


CHHAI^f ]§^ 8. /. A chisel for cutting 

CHHAINTAL ^TSJX '• «». Trick, 

fraud : — chhainial bdj^ 9. m. One who 
plays tricks, one skilled in tricks, a 

CHHA jf |jlf4) 9, m. (M.) A winnower. 

He is paid in grain — five ^pcu in 
each pafh winnowed, or from two or 
four seers in a maund. 

CHHAJJ Sti *• w. A winnowing 

basket or instrument, tray made of 
kdnnd or fiZused in winnowing, sifting 
grain, and carrying things. 


9, m. The eaves of a 

house, a sun-shade, a cornice, a bal- 
cony, a peak; long and heavy beard; 
a man with a heavy and long beard. 


The cobra (Naja T^pudians) ; t. q* 
Fhanyaty Khafappd* 

CHHAJLf 9H?^ s. f. A winnowing 

instrument laiger than a ehhajj used to 
winnow the threshig floor : — #. m, 
(M,) A flattened or expanded head or 
hood of a snake. 


( 212 ) 


CHHAJ^A StT^ '• w, (M.) A tribe 

of Jats who claim descent from tbe 
royal race of the Bhaftis of Jessalmer. 
Thej came to Mnltan tinder Rao Ke- 
bar, a chieftain of their own, and 
settled here. Kehar is a name of note 
in Bhat(t annals. One Kehar was 
contemporary of the Khalifa-nl-Walid, 
A. D. 731. He and his sons advanced 
the BJiatti kingdom of Jessalmer. An- 
other Kehar ruled Jessalmer in the six- 
teenth centnry, and his son conquered 
all the Multan country up to the 
Indus. The Chhajras marry their 
daughters to their own tribesmen only, 
but receive the daughters of other Jat 
tnbes in marriage. 

CHHAKAf €of^ *./. Eating. 

CHHAKAUfiTA ^o{lQ£V v. a. To cause 

to be eaten : — amrat or pauhal chkakdund. 
v»n. To administer the ceremony of Sikh 
baptism, to baptise (a Sikh): — -pofilial 
parshdd chhukdund or dend, v. a. lit. To 
baptise ; met, to punish one severly ; to 
take revenge. 

CHHAKK ^oT «• /• Presents given to 

a bride by her maternal grand-parents ; 
a present given to bards. 

CHHAKKA ggt 8, m. The figure six, 

the quantity represented by the figure 
six, a stanza of six lines, a term used 
in the game called chaupa{ : — ehkakJcd 
. paud, 5. m. (lit. the figure 6 and 1). 
This term is used in the play chattpar 
representing number six and the ace 
in the play : — chhakkd paud karnd^ v. a. 
To loiter; to play tricks ; *. g. Chhikkd. 

CHHAKKAR ^oT^ s. m. Half a 

CHHAKNA SoTS^ v. a. To eat:— 

y. n. ^ To be filled, to be satisfied, to be 
intoxicated, to be asleep : — chhakke rahind, 

V. n. To be in a state of repose, to be 
asleep, to be happy, to be full, to be 
in a state of inebriation — atnrat ot 
pauhid chhaknd, v. n. To take tbe Sikh 
baptism, to be baptised. 

CHHAKOR g$g 8. m. (Pot.) A 
small shallow basket made of bamboo. 

CHHAKNA ^o(^i«. m. A large and 

capacious cart, a two-wheeled bullock 
cart, a waggon. 

CHHAK^lf SoT^ 8. /. A small twty 

wheeled carriage on which only two or 
three persons can sit ; a kind of game 
played with cowries^ a throw of six dices 
or covcrxe8 ; an aggregate of six ; in tto 
last sense ; t. q, Chhikru 


8. w. Fraud, trick. 

a ghost or demon : — CKhal knmdy r. n. 
To deceive, to play tricks : — chhal laixd, 
V. a. To deceive, to cheat one : — chial 
bal, 8. m. Trickery ;— (If .^ Dry mukkai 
plants ; the overflowing of water, a flood. 

CHHAL ipi^;. /. A bound, a spring, 

jumping, leaping : — chhdl mdrnd^ v. ». 
To leap, to come forward, to do anr 
chivalrous act, to be liberal, to bestow 
anything upon. 


8. m. (M.) See ChhaUd, 

CHHAlA W!^ *• -^^ Skin, a gall a 

blister ; — a. (M.) Of or belonging to a 
goat ; i. q. Chhdlld. 

CHHALAf €95^ ^ /. Fraud, trick : 

— chhaldt khdnL v. n. To be deceived, 
to be cheated. 

CHHALAkA €95Ton s.f. (M.) The 
sound produced by striking water, splash. 


( 213 ) 


CHHALAKNA 'SIPSSCS^ v. a. To make 

a noise as of water splashing in a vessel ; 
gurgling in the bowels ; to move and bo 
agitated (the bowels or water) ; to splash ; 
to be spilt (water) by snch motion ; 
the dashing of waves or of the spray. 

CHHALANGH S^S^ 1 s. f. A 
CHHALAiJGH @35TU( ) spring; aleap; 

a jump : — chhdldngh mdrnl, v. n. To 
leap ; to skip ; to jnmp. 

skip ; to jump. 

chhalAunA cSTS^Qd' «• »• ^o 

cause to be deceived or cheated. 

CHHAL CHHABf LA €39S^^ '• ^• 

A fop ; 1. g. Chhail chhabila. See 

Rippling; murmuring ; purling ; gurgling. 

CHHAL chhalAunA g35S35T§5T 

V. n. To ripple ; to mui-mur. 

CHHAL CHHIDDAR ^j^fetTd s. m. 
Plot; stratagem. 

CHHALEPA €^3^ 9, m. A ghost ; 
a demon ; a deceitful man ; a dwarf. 

CHHALf 'S^ a. Deceitful ; mis- 

CHHAlI ^I^ 8. /. The surging of 

CHHALIA SS^hMT 8. m. A deceiver ; 

a cheat. 

CHHALIrA lg?^)cP «• m. A kind of 

fragrant lichen (Parmelia ehamehadalis) 
used as a drug, reputed to be tonic, 
astringent and depurative; t. g. Okharird^ 

CHHALfYAN ^^lff> *. /. (M,) 
See Chandri, 

CHHALKAUNA c»Mo(lQdl «?. «• To 

spill ; to cause to overflow. 

CHHALL 'SZS 9. f. The overflowing 
of water ; bark. 

CHHALLA S?5^ 3. w. A plain 

finger^ ring ; a song i-^hichtwdld 
chhalld pid sdthon mangedd ; fuf gai 
yari dosid, khat pid fakhindd. The 
ring of my little finger is being asked 
back from me. Friend ! Our engage- 
ment is broken o£E ; a letter is being 
written. — Song, 

CHHALLA g^T? s. m, A gall; a 

blister : — chhalld paind^ v. n. To be 
galled : — chhalld phehnd, v, a. To open 
a blister : — chhdlld phisnd, v. n. To 
be broken (a blister.) 

CHHALLA^f Al? S?l$^bf)P ,. /. pi. 

See Chhannidn. 


CHHALLE KOTHf s1g^ ,./. (If.; 

A house for the occasional prostitution 
of married women. 

CHHALLf ST^i ,. /. A^ ear of 

Indian com ; a hank of yam ; an 
enlargement of the spleen which 
sometimes occurs after an attack 
of fever ; a stiffness and soreness of the 
limbs ; the rising in the .flesh produc- 
ed by a blow ; a honeycomb. 

CHHALNA S^ST? v. a. To deceive; 
:to cheat. ' 



( 214 ) 


CHHALTA €75^ «•«»• A deceiver ; 
a cheat; i, q, Chhalid. 

See Chham ckham. 

$• m. 

CHHAMAK SYloT 9. f. A stick ; a 

rod ; a twig of a tree ; a switch for driv- 
ing animals; — (M.) An advance of 
cash by a land-owner to a farm-ser- 
Tant (rdhak) when he enters service. 
The chhamctk remains with the servant 
daring service, and is refunded when 
he leaves his master: — uchchi qori 
patli chhamak jaindi ehel. Tall, fair, 
and slight, with a waist like a rod. — 
Story of Sahibdn and Mirzd, 

CHHAMAK^irA ^HoTST V. a. To fry ; 
— (K.) To draw (a sword). 


A thorny vine producing a yellow 

CHHAMBALf SK97^ «. /. (M.) A 

hand-barrow for removing earth and 

CHHAM CHHAM 'SWSH «• «». Bain- 
ing hard ; c ir. harsnd^ varhnd. 

CHHAMKAU^A 5H o{'Qd' t;. a. To 
cause to be fried. 

CHHAlJf S^ a/. A shade; a shadow. 

CHHAI^ gIS »• ^- Wheat ; bran :— 
ehhdik hwriy f . m; Bran of any kind of grain. 

CHHA^A S^ «• ^' Scattering; 

sowing; fine pulverised manure used 
for top-dressing : — chhdnd dev<in or deund^ 
V. a. To top-dress. 

CHHAlgrAr WS^ «•/• Straining; 
sifting ; the price of sifting. 




s. /. The sound of glass ; the ringing^ 
of metals ; the ringing of small bells ; 
the clanking of fetters. 

CHHAI^AkA ^^Io(I 8. m. a ringing 
or tinkling noise. 


a. To sift; 
strain ; to 

chhAistan WSX 
chhAijanA Sf^Sf 

filter ; to cull ; to select ; — #. «•• A 
sifting instrument of grain larger 
than a sieve. 

CHHAtiTANl WIS^ « /• A sieve ; a 

cullender : — chhdnani chhduani h<md^ 
V. n. To have holes or to be pierced 
through like a sieve ; to be decayed or 

CHHANAKAUt^A ^dc(lQd' v. n. See 


CHHA^AK^A 'SSSTP v.n. To ring; 

to tinkle; to clink'; to clank; — 
s. m. A plaything of wood or metal 
used by children. 

CHHANiOJ^A ^d>§£V f^' «. To 

cause to be sifted ; to cause to bo 

GHHAli^BH ^ 


i. 111. A lake ; a 

CHHANCHHAN ^^^/^ #. /. The 

tinkling sound of ornaments worn on the 
feet ; c. vf. kamd ; — $, m. (M.) The planet 
Saturn, Saturday ; a small mound at the 
cross-streets of towns on which Hindus 
offer oil and burning lamps on Saturdays 
in order to avert the evil influence of 


( 215 ) 


Satnm : — chhanchhan hale^ hul hold f^le^ 
When the chhanchhan bnms all calamities 
are averted. Hindus repeat these words 
as they place the lamps as offerings. 

CHHAiyD S^ *. w. Measure in 

music ; measure of verses ; metre ; in- 
decent verses which the bridegroom 
is made to recite by the bride's 
female attendants or friends; trick ; fraud 
• — ^handhdj^ f . tn. A man who knows 
the art of composing a chhand ; a deceiver ; 
a rogue: — chTkomd band^ 8. m. Deceit; 
trick; fraud: — chand parband^ s.m. A 
measure in verse; metre; a kind of 
poetry not in common use : — chhand 
pdvnaj V. a. To recite indecent verses at 

CHHAISTD 'S^ *•/• Vomit (not used 

without prefixing the word upar; as 
upa/r ckhand). See Chhdni. 


8. m. (M.) The 

trunk of a tree with the branches lop- 
ped off* 

tion ; a share ;— fWv) The stem of a 
date when cut down and trimmed of 
its branches. It is used for rafters, 
and when hollowed out for acqueducts. 

CHHAljlDAK S^goT *. m. (M,) Chaff, 
ftc., winnowed out of grain ; t. g. Chhaf- 

CHHAIJDAN 'SJ^7> V. a. (M,) To 
prune; to lop. 

CHHAND AN ^tJA) #.«. A deceiver; 
CHHANDf 1^ ) a rogue. 

• w 

CHHA^DDA SJ^ 9.m. See Chhdndd. 

CHHANp^?A ^g^T V. a. To dean 

by shaking ; to winnow ; to sift ; to shake 
the dust out of a garment or carpet :i^ 
v. n. To vomit; to disgorge. 

CHHAl^GAR ^^IH *. w. (Mi) A wander- 

ing tribe who husk rice ^ other grain ; 
gypsies ; by some the English name for 
gypsies, ZiTigari, is supposed to be 
derived from the term ; t. q. Cha^ggar. 

CHHAIj^G grgi s. m. Twigs cut off 
from a tree. 

CHHAnGGA gfgn B,m. A person 

with six fingers ; a person with six 
fingers on each hand, or six toes on 
each foot. 

CHHANGGAf ^dPlJ) *. /. Pruning 
compensation for pruning. 

CHHAlfGGAUNA ^^Ff^ v. a. To 

cause to be pruned or trimmed (trees or 
shrubs) ; to cause to be killed. 

CHHAlsrGQNA gfafeTt;.a/ To 

to lop ; to cut off the twigs of a tree ; 
to tnm ; to clip. 

CHHAlSrGGWAf igfel^ ,. /. Com. 
pensation for pruning. 

CHHAISTGGWAWA ^dfeigg T v. a. 

To cause to be pruned or trimmed (tree 
or shrubs) ; to cause to be killed. 

OHHANHA grSr a. Mew ;— t. m. A 




Saturn, Saturday ;— a. Clever; naughty; 
one who makes a great noise :— CA;ki' 



nichchharwdr^ s. m. Saturday :--chhanich' 
chhar'dund, v. n. To come ander the 
influence of Saturn or one's evil star. 

CHHA1SIJJ05 sittna i^ wftr^sT 

V. n. (Pot) To shake; to throw into 

CHHANKAnA ^Ao( ' A ' V, a. See 

V. a. 


CHHANKA^irA ^<i;o<d ' 

jingle; to ring; to tinkle ; to clink; to 
clank ; — *. w. A jingling plaything 
made of wood and metal used by child- 
ren ; a rattle: — chhcuikand chhankdundy v, a. 
To be impatient ; to be half-hearted ; to 
complain in disappointment : — chhankand 
kanggan^ s, m. (M.) A jingling orna- 
ment worn on the wrist. 

CHHAljIK AljlG A^J gS^3RS ) s. w. 
jingling ornament worn on the wrist. 


^ 8, m. Clin 
J ing; tink- 

chhaijikAr ^ofTg 

ling ; ringing ; %. q. Jhankdr. 


To ring a bell; to rattle (a chain; 
money) ; to jingle. 

CHHANN gj^ #. /. A thatched roof ; 
a shed with thatched roof and sides 

SC>^ 9. m, I A metalli 
5JA^ '• /• ) drinking 


CHHANNf gpj 


CHHA^irN'A gST? V, n. To be sifted ; 
to bo winnowed ; to be shaken out 

(dust) ; to be strained (as water) ; to 
become old and thin (cloth) ; to be 
wasted (clothes). 

CHHA^JNA' gT3J9 V. a. To sift ; to 

strain ; to filter ; to cull ; to select; t, q. 

CHHANNf STST^ 8. /. A sieve ; a 

cullender : — cKkdnni hond^ v. a. To 
have holes or to be piei*ced through like 
a sieve; i. q, Chhdnani. 

CHHANNf Al;? SST^bW ) s. /. (If.) 

CHHANNANfAN ^^dl^ H^) ^ ®^®^® 

made of leather for sifting meal : — ehhan- 
nanidn bhamd, v. a. The performance of 
a ceremony by the brother and brother's 
wife of the bride, or failing them any 
other near relatives. Accompanied by 
girls, they go round the house occupied by 
the bridegroom and his party, the brother 
draws water from some well near at hand 
and his wife throws it in again without 
approaching the brink. 

CHHANT S i< 8. /. Selections; cuttings ; 

refuse (of cloth) : — chhdnl kar laind, v. a. 
To select; to separate good from bad. 

CHH^NTA ST^ *. w. The thong or 

lash of an ox whip (a whip has usually 
two such, sometimes four). 


STT CHHTJiJT ^\^^\i ) See 


CHHANT^JA ghcT^T V. a. To select ; to 

choose ; to separate ; to cut down ; to cut' 
short ; to abridge ; to curtail ; to cut ; to 
clip; to prone ; to cut out ( cloth); to 
thresh, to separate com from the husk; 
to sift. 


( 217 ) 


8, f. Sifting 

CHHXNU S^§ ] s. f, A shadow or 
CHHAljIUIir gT@^ > shade:— c^^>tiAaVa, 
CHHANW gf^ ] a. Umbrageoas, 



the price of sifting. 

To cause to be sifted or strained or 
washed ; to cause dust to be shaken out 
of a thing. 

^ CHHAP 'gn4 8. /. A ring of gold or 

(Pot) A play common among child- 
ren being a kind of hide-and-seek; 
i g. Lukan michi or miti. 

CHHAPAN HOtlA SVSfe v. n. 
To be invisible. 

CHHAPANJJA SlJtTTa. Pifty-six. 





f • m. 


large curtained bedstead. 

silver, but also generally of any metal, 
worn on the finger ; a seal ; a stamp ; 
an impression (on clothes) ; printing : 

— mohar chhdp^ 8, /. A mark on ^ r tt t' — » lA 

weights or measures to show theiiT fCHH APATHY A 6H»g2? ^.o. To cause 

currency ; the village seal used to im- xu-xj i. jj. a 

press grain heaps with; the custom- *«. ^!_P!:i?!^'*. !! !**"?!! '.^_°f;°5* *" 
house stamp on goods which have 
paid duty ; a sectarial mark represent- 
ing the lotus ; the trident delineated on 

be concealed ; to cause to be veiled. 


Chhapal chhapaU 

CHHAPKALf SVoT?^ 8. /. A lizard; 
the gecko. 


V. a. To be hid ; 

the body by the worshippers of Vishnu ; 
order and seal of any Judicial Court 
fixed on any house or shop'under suspicion 
or to execute some decree by selling its 
property at auction ; c. w. dend. 

CHH APAf SM^ 8, f. Printing ; 
stamping ; cost of printing or stamping. 

CHHAPAI glT^ 8. /. A kind of 

poetry containing six lines. 

4cHHAP]SfA gnjSTt;. a. To print ; to 

CHHAPAkA SVar e, m. The sound ^ ^^^^^ . ^o bring out an impression, 
produced by striking water j haste ; 
°'^^®^*- 4cHHAPPA SUjf ,. m. Printing; 

CHHAPAKf SIJ^ 8. f. A kind of 
eruptive disease (Nettle-rash.) 

to elude or escape observation ; to set 
(sun, moon, star) ; to be printed. 


q. Ckhajp, 

8' m. Splash, splash; i, 



8, /. 

stamp ; impression ; edition ; a thorn 
bush ; a hedge : — chhdppd khdnnd, s, m. 
Press ; printing office : — chhdppd dend^ 
V. a. To check ; to stop : — chhappd Idu^ 
ndf V. a. To print ; to stamp ; to hedge ; 
to enclose with a hedge (used general- 
ly in the plural form) : — udd dd chhdppd 
chotmbarna^ lagndy v. n. To be suspected 
or blamed (an innocent person) ; to bring 
a charge against a person. 


( 218 ) 


HHAPPAB 'SVTB 9' «*• A thatched 

roof : — chhapparhds, 8, m. Thatched 

housea or huts; — a. Living under 
thatched roofs. 

CHHAPPA? SMH «. »»• ^ po^d 5 

CHHAPPRf €^^ »•/• ^ thatched 

CHHAP^f ^SU^«- /. A small pond. 

. CHHAPWAf SM^I^ *. /. Cost of 

Etamping or printing ; stamping ; print- 

to lie husked in a mortar; to caiise 
to be leaped by the bull (cows and similar 

CHHARHA Sa^ *. «*. An arm of a river. 

I CHHARf S^dt «. /. A mixture of 

ashes and water with which a crucible 
is coated on the inside to aid m pojn- 
fying gold or silver; c. w. bannhm. 

CHH A?f g^ «. /. A stick, a rod, a 

switch ; the leaf stalk of a date tree: — 
ckhariydn. pZ, b. /. Flags for religioiLS 
ceremonies among Muhammdan ; kickn. 

CHHAPWAUNA S^^^lQcS" t?. n. To 
cause to be printed or stamped. 

CHHA^L S3 '• /• A bamboo or pole 

used for a spear handle; the pole of 
spear ; a kind of medicine : — chhar 
vuimif t7. If. To kick (a cow or buffalo). 

CHHAR S^«-/- Ashes:— cAWrc^Aa5»W, 

«• m« A fop : — chhdr dudh\ s. /. Four 
walls ; a wall on the four sides of any 
thing (properly char dudli) ; — (M.) A 
water-cut &om a canal with a large 
head of water. 

CHHA^A S3^ o, Alone; empty ; without 

famOy or chhattels ; unmarried ; without 
company : — chhard chhatdmg, a., «. m. 
Without family ; living alone ; bachelor ; 
— f. m. A bundle of rope or strings. 

CH HA ^ X f 'SW^ ». /. Wages for husk- 

ing grain in a mortar ; a sum given to a 
shepherd for graxing cattle. 

CHHlRAK Sigsr «. /. The sixteenth 
part of a seer, two ounces;!. 9. Ckhatdmk. 

CHHARfLA ^^^T $, m. An ox 
that kicks ; a kind of medicine. 

CHHARf l1 S^tT^ '•/- Acsowthat 
is addicted to kicking. 

CHHARf RA S^a' «• «»- ^ fi-agrant 
drug ; *. q. Chhdlird^ which see. 

CHHA^LNA 'SS?? «'• «• *ro huR grain 

in a mortar ; to copulate (animals of 
the cow kind) ; to beat, to chastise. 



CHHARir BAU ^dtjl 
the thrush, a blister 

gig > «./. Thi 
tfd^'Q ) of a di 

The name 

OHHAT 'SZ 9' /- The sixth day of the 
lunar month. 

CHHAT 53 *. m. (M.) Broadcast 
sowing ; u q. Chhattd, 


( 219 ) 



,./.ThethoBgorla8hofanox cEEATARf g^../. A small nmbr^lla j 
whip ; — (M,) A rope, thick at one end +v^ x i. , 

and narrowing down to a lash at the ^Vf, T? ^^ * mushroom ; a place of a 
other, which is whirled round the head I *'^'*^*' ^^^ ascetic), 
and cracked in order to drive birds 

away from crops : — chhdf vajdvauy v, n. 
To crack ^ chhd(. 


8. m, A hand stick. 


cause to be roofed. 



V. a. To 

CHHATA €r?a. (M,) Wide spreading J 

full ; loose (used of a tree ; the beard or 
the hair of the head) : — chhate, s. m, A 
mode in which girls wear their hair ; 
the front hair cut square across the 
forehead, and the back hair loose and 
unplaited : — tede sir chhatte, ydr, asdkun 
ni€L8 pai lainhdL Love, your hair is un- 
braided; my beard is just appearing. — 

CHHATAf ^^1^ #. /. The price o 

V, a. To 

cause to be winnowed ; to cause to be 
washed ; to cause to be copulated with : 
to cause to be selected. 

CHHATH 53 ,. /. The sixth day 
of the lunar month ; t. q. Chhaf. 

CHHATHf g^ s, f. The sixth day 

after childbirth, being the day on which 
the mother leaves her private apart- 
ment ; the sixth of the month. 

winnowing or washing; *. g. Ckkaf^ ^ CBKATt ^ ,. /. A stick; a branch 

of a tree ; a walking stick ; a religious cere- 
mony in connection with child birth ;— 
(M.) A measure of capacity equal in 
weight to from twelve maunds thirty- 
two seers to twenty maunds. Two boras 
make a chhati, and two chhatis onepafh, 

CHHATf gl^ ,. /. The breast ; the 
paps ; the teats ; the dugs. See Eikk. 

CHHATf SA Ig^iWs.m. A medicinal 

prepaiation containing thirty-six in- 
gredients ; a great knave. 

CHHATfsf g^jft i. f. A very 

deceitful abandoned woman who is 
acquainted with thirty-six kinds of 
fraud ; great rogue. ' 


*. m. Chaff and rubbish winnowed 
out of grain. 

CHHATAf 'SW^ * /• Broofing ; the 
price of roofing. 

CHHATAN 'S^Tiv. a, (M,) To scatter:-— 

hij ehhafan, v, a. To sow broadcast 
— opposed to ndU devan ; to sow in 
drills ; i. q. Chhaitd. 

CHHATANK g^ *./. The six- 
teenth part of a seer; two ounces. 

CHHATAlSrKf g^foft s.f. A weight 

equal to the sixteenth part of a seer; 
a boat equal to the sixteenth part of a 

CHHATAR ^M 8. m. A large umbrella ; 

an awning over a king; a religious 
teacher or bridegroom : — chTiatar dhdran, 
s.f. A queen : — chhatar dMri, s, m. A 
king; a prince. 


( 220 ) 


CHHATljA ^l<;i' «• «• See Chhdntnd. 
CHHATNX B^S^ V. n. To be select- 

ed ; to be copulated with ; to be lean :— - 
ehhaiid hoidy o. Noted ; notorious ; dis- 
tingriislied (for bad quali ties) ; lascivious. | CHHATTSfA 

CHHATTf S^2^ '• /• A s*^^ ^^^ load- 
ing on to beasts of burden ; ». g. Chhaff. 

CHHATTf ^\^^ S'f' SeeChhdU^\ 

V. a. To winnow 


S3^ '• w». J 
S3^ * / ! 




CHHATJRORA gg^jdd' *. t»- ) term 

used of sheep after twelve months ; old a 
ram; an ewe. 

CHHATRT ^dS *•/• SeeCMatori. 

CHHATT 'S^ s. /. The sack used for 

loading beasts of burden; a shower ; a 
severe attack of small -pox ; t. q. Chhaffi. 

CHHATT g3 s. f. A iwf ; a ceUing. 

CHHATTA SH^ s. m. A ram ; a kind 

of wine; a honeycomb; a tuft of hair; 
Having a roof, roofed. 

GHHATTA gf^ 8. m. An umbrella ; 
a thatch; a roof. 

CHHATTA 'S^ ». «. Scattering; 

grain ; to copulate (a bull with a cow) ; 
to wash (clothes) ; to make one notori- 
ous ; to defame one : — chltaptyd hoid^ a. 
Noted; notorious; lascivious: — chkafce 
jd^d, V. n. To be copulated with (a 
cow by a bull). 

CHHATT^A g35» V. a. To roof 

(applicable to flat roofs.) 

OHHATTRAg^ «. m. See Chhattard. 

CHHATTRf g^^ s, f. The name of 

a caste ; the second and military caste 
of Hindus ; a Hindu Rajput. 

CHHATWAf SH^?T^ ». /• Roofing; 
the price of roofing. 

CHHATWAf tf<i^«^ *. /• Winnow- 

ing ; washing ; the price of winnowing 
or washing; a present given to the 
cowherd for the services of the bull 
when a cow has been leaped. 

fihowering; sowing (seed) broadcast: — ^^ 

chhaftd demi, t». a. To poar ; to pour CHHATWAfYA Id^^M' *• *»*• ^ 

buttermilk ; to scatter ; to sow (seed) ; 

to disperse. 

eHHATTA^? ^cTA s. m. Refuse of 
anything winnowed ; met, a bad woman 

CHHATTARA g^ *. m. A ram. 
CflHATTARf g^ *. /. An ewe. 

CHHATTI S^ a. Thirty.six ;—*./. A 

part of a silk cloth sent by one to rela- 
tives and friends in out stations; to gather 
together on a Akaith. 

winnower ; «. g. Chliaticayya. 

CHHATWAUNA 'S^^J^SJ ^- «• '^^ 

cause to be winnowed ; to cause to be 
washed (clothes) ; to cause to be 
selected ; to cause to be cut ; to cause to 
be trimmed (as the branches of a tree). 

CHHATwAuerA SH^§C? v- «• To 

cause to be roofed. 


s. fa. 

Unsatisfied long- 

ing, wish or desire : — chhau duhhndi 
V. a. To have one's desires g^tified. 


( 221 ) 


CHHAUppA g^s. m; The saddle of 

an ass, male, or pony ; a bit of fuel 

CHHAUH gtJ s. m. Lying in wait ; 

fear ; donbt ; suspicion : — chhauh laind 
or fndmd, t?. «. To lie in wait ; to lie 
concealed : — chhauhpaind, v. n. To lie 
in fear ; to be suapicioas or doubtful. 

CHHATTISI gT^ s. f. Sbade ; shadow. 

CHHAUNA §J9 8, m. The young of 

any animal ; a dwarf ; any animal of 
dwarfish, stature ; a young man ; a 

CHHAUl?A S'Oci;' V. a. To cover ; 

to overshadow ; to spread over ; to roof; 
to thatch. 

CHHAU^f glQ^ I 8.f, 


A camp, 

barracks or huts for soldiers : — chhdunt 
pduxLtf V, n. lit. To make a canton- 
ment ; met, to sit at one*s door in order to 
extort some favour or to get 


• ■ 

chhAurA grfgr 

f 8, m. 
J a Bht 

A shade ; 
shaded place 

CHHE %a. Six. 

CHHEA %tHf a. Six. This foim is 

used by shopkeepers when they weigh 

CHHEBAL ^Sl'SS s. m, (M.) A green 
slimy water weed. 

CHHEBAR #gg 8, /. (M) News. 

A traveller is always asked by those 
he meets about the Ohhehar^ and in re- 
turn gives his latest news. 


8, m. A hole ; a p erf era- 

CHHEDI g^ ad. Quickly ; sharply ; 
soon ; immediately; at once ; t. q. Chheti, 


St^A^ V. a. To bore; to 

;— a. Resembling a shadow. 



chhawayyA ^^ta 

V} 8, m. 
fT ) thai 



# ._ ^ 

CHHAYA SHflT^. /. Shade. 

CHHEDNf %^^ 8.f. A shoemaker's 

awl ; in the Punjab this instru- 
ment is used only to cut leather, not 
to bore holes, and its blade is always 

CHHEHNA §U5T r. n. To be rent 
or torn. 

CHHEf gl^t a. Only six; all six; ». q. 


7 a. Nine 
"3 six ; I. 


Ckhiydnwen, Chhidntcen, 

CHHE J gfT 8. f. A bed ; bedding ;— (M.) 

A game of single-stick played at marri 
ages by Hindus. The combatants 
stand in a circle holding short sticks 
and strike at one another. The sticks 
are struck at and not the bodies of 
the combatants. 


( 222 ) 


^ «. m. 

T \ maini 



CHHEK soT 9' ^' -^ ^ole ; a perfora- 
tion ; c. w, h<mdj paind ; t. g. Chhed, 

CHHEKA^t ^O^ prep, ad, a. After ; 

afterwards ; subseqiientlj ; at last ; the 
last ; e. w, hond, kamd. 

CHHEKA?f §or^ 

last ; the last one ; nnfortnnate ; mean ; 
miserable creature. 

CHHBKAUlirA gc(lQci; l r. a. To 

canse to be rent or torn ; to cause to 
be perforated ; %, q. Chhikdund. 

CHHEKNA %g[7? V. a. To split ; to 

tear ; to rend ; to separate ; to bar or 
excommunicate (from caste) ; to cast 
off ; to bore ; to perforate : — huqqd pditi 
chhekf^, V, n. To put out of caste ; to send 
to Coventry. 

CHHEKWAlSr Sotsfi a. (M.) That 

which is drawn; used of water from a 

CHHEKWAYYA go^^Up 9, m. One 
that tears or rends ; t. q, Ohhikwayyd- 

ghhelA Sts^ 

CHHELf %^ 
after one year old. 


s, m. ^ 

The term for a 
he or she-goat 

Eleuiine flagellifera, A kind of grass with 
a creeping stem that sends up tufts of 
leaves at short distances. It is very 
common in the Sindh Sagar Thai, and 
very good for fodder. 

CHHEO §§ a. Six; all six. 

CHHER %^ 8, m. A hole in the teeth ; 
pasturing buffaloes at night: — chher 

ehugdundjV. a. To pasture buffaloes 
especially at night: — ehherdn painiamg 
To become hollow (teeth). 

V. n. 


8, f. The act of teazin^. 

vexing or irritating ; a nickname ; rein- 
forcement ;—(M.) A gang of workmen 
supplied by the owners of lands irrigated 
by a canal ; tomake the annual clearance 
and repairs. The labourers are distri- 
buted over the land-holders benefitted 
by each canal, each of whom is bound 
to supply his quota of labour, or in 
default to pay a fine of eight annas a 
day for each man absent : — chher Jduintf 
karnty v. n. To teaze ; to irritate. 

OHHE^A %W S' m. A herdsman ; » 


8, m. (If-; An indivi- 

dual of a chher or gang of workmen 
on a canal for canal administrative 
purposes, and for distributing the re- 
quired number of labourers over the 
land-holders who receive water. Ninety 
days* labour is considered one chhera 
in the Multan district. In Muzaffargarh 
one chherd is a single day's labour. 

CHHE^AN ^gfS «• «• (^) '^^ ^^^® 

cattle to pasture ; to provoke :—jangal 
jattnd chherie, hatii te kirdr ; hen ^ 
muhdnd jo hhan ghaisin htdhdr. Vex not 
the JcU in his jungle, or the kirdr in 
his shop, or the toatman at his ferry, 
for they will break your head (lit. 
mouth) if you do. — Prov. 

GHHEietNA ^S7? «• a- '^o teaie ; to 

worry ; vex ; to, touch ; to lance a sw^el- 
ling or boil ; to speak of ; to mention ; 
to begin or to start a subject of conversa- 
tion ; to drive out cattle to pasture ; to 
make ; to run (a horse). 


with the feet. 

^ 17. a. 
) to 

To beat ; 



( 223 ) 


CHHEUR gSg s. m. A wooden frame 
built into a wall to give strength to it. 

CHHf ^ a. Six, 






a. Sixty- 

CHHlANWElSr femTst" a. Ninety- 


CHHiAsf feWlft a. Eighty.six, 

CHHlAUl?AfeW§ST|a. Six-fold. 

CHHIBBA5 f^^ s. m. (M.) See 

CHHICHCHHA fegl *. m. The twelveth 
letter of the Garmukhi Alphabet, 

CHHfCHHA gtg» ». w. A kind of sauce 
made of mangoes. 

CHHICHHOHRA fe^Od' «• See Chha- 

CHHICHHOLNA P^5<H>A' t;. n. To 
rinse ; to cleanse ; i, g. Hangdlnd, 

CHHICHHRA feggi s. m. A kind 

of tree {Butea frondosa) whose large 
leaves are gathered in the jungles and 
brought into the towns, where they 
are used by shopkeepers to wrap up such 
purchases of their customers as curd, 
butter, sweetmeats, sugar. 

CHHICHH^iA feS^ *. m. The flabby, 

withered skin of old age; the skinny parts 
of meat ; the prepuce ; a shred of meat ; 
on the outskirt of a joint ; an outer 
trimming; — (M.) A tree (Butea fron^ 
dosa)^ the red flowers called kesu are 
used for dyeing and making red 
powder to throw about at the Holi 
festival : — hilli kun khdli chkichhredn de 
sufne. The cat dreaming of the trim- 
ming. — Prov. used of those who are 
very anxious of getting their object. 

CHHfCHHYA cil^M ' #. m. See 


CHHIDAf Psiti ' ^l s. /. Boring ; the 
price of boring. 

CHHIDAUNA fetilQd" V. a. To 
cause to be pierced, separated or bored. 

CHHIDDAR PeJtTd s. m. A hole ; a 

perforation ; a vacuity ; a defect ; a flaw 
(moral or physical) ; deception ; fraud ; 

CHHippf feg^ 1 s. /. The refuse 
CHHIDDr fg^^ 3 parts of cotton ; 

phlegm ; mucous ; the thick viscid matter 
secreted in the throat ; the refuse which 
remains after straining buttermilk. 

CHHIDNA fetfd' v. n. To be pierced ; 
to be bored, 

CHHIDRA feS^ a. Porous; ar- 

ranged at a distance ; not closely set 
(teeth) : — ehhidre Tiond, v, n. Not closely 
set or arranged (teeth); generally used 
in the plural. 

CHHIDWAf fe^^T^ »./. Boring J 
the price of boring. 


( 224 ) 


CHHIDWAUljA feti^lQi" V. a. To 
cause to be perforated or bored. 

CHHIGGA fe3F a. Having six teeth 

(cattle), or at the commencement of 
sixth year« 

CHHIGU^fA f^dld> o- Sixfold. 

CHHfH ^tvF ***'^- ^ ^°^ ^^^ *^ 

incite cattle, or induce them to drink 
water; sometimes it is used to drive 
them away ; an unmeaning expression 
used by washermen when bringing 
down the clothes upon the washboard. 

CHHIHAUNA feuds' V. a. To 

cause to be slightly torn (cloth, 

CHHIH^A feOA' V. n. To burst ; to 
be slightly torn. 

CHHrHO ^t9 »»'^- See Chhih. 

CHHUAtJ fe?rQ s, w. One who is 

inclined to withdraw or waste money 
from his capital ; a spendthrift ; — a. 
Susceptible of being separated j i-eut. 

chhijat:^?A fc»t4>Qd* <-• «• To 

separate or waste (money) ; to discon- 

rope by which the yoke is connected 
with the seat of the well; a long 
stick which is between the bull's yoke 
and a square wooden frame, slightly 
loaded, drawn by oxen in treading* oat 
grain : — gadke di chhik, s, f. The girth 
of a donkey's saddle : — jandare di chhik^ 
8, /. The rope by which the lai^e 
rake is pulled : — madhdni di chkik, s. f. 
The strap by which the chumer of 
a churn is turned. 

CHHIJJ jA^A fetlli'^ 



^ t?. n. 
J be e 


rated or was*.d i^as money) ; to die ; 
to be discontinued ; to be rent ; to be- 
come tattered, especially the sacred 

GHHIK feoT s. f. (M. PotO Lit. Pul- 
ling, hence the rope by which any- 
thing is pulled ; a long twisted leather 

CHHrK ^te 8. /. (PoL) The quanti- 
ty of water or other liquid drunk 
without taking breath ; the act of drink- 
ing that quantity ; i. g. Dik, Jhik. 

CHHTKA feoft 8. m. {M,) See Chhikkd. 

CHHIKAN fcJo(A V' a- r^f.) To pull, 

to drag ; to draw ; to challenge (wrest- 

CHHIKAUtrA feo(lQi^ V. a. To draw ; 

to cause to be drawn ; to cause to 
sneeze ; to cause to smoke (a pipe) ; to 
cause to be torn (cloth ; shoes) ; to cause 
to eat. 

CHHIKK feoT*/- Sneezing; a sneeze ; 
c. w, dund ; »*. q. Nichchh, 

CHHIKKA fcJoM ^*'. «»• A network 

or loop of strings or cords to hang 
anything on ; the strings of a hahanjd. 

CHHlKKf feoH * »w. (If.) A cradle 

made of rope hung from the roof of 
the house in which milk pots are 

Vm fi.« a. 



squeeze; to smoke (a pipe); to draw- 
in the smoke; to draw; to take (pro- 


( 835 ) 

CHm^ GHHIl^ 

CHHIKKULf ftf^j^fl 

CHHIK^A fkoTH^ «. m- A waggon, a 

A. .very 
8 mal 1 


CHHIKl^f f^SC^s.f. A sort of chess, 

played with six or seven c(ywries ; a small 
basket made of the branches of pilchhl 
generally ased by oonfectioners; c. to. 

CHHIKWAYYA feo(^"M » •. m. One 

who takes away, 6ne who draws ; one 
who smokes. 

GHHILA f^^8.m. Forty days of child- 
birth, when a grand purification takes 
place ; forty days when a man sits in 
seclusioD to worship; the period of 
forty days. 

CHHILAf Icj^l^ f./. Paring, peeling, 

barking; the price of peeling, barking; 
stripping tobacco. 

CHHILAR fk?^^ ) «. w. /. A young 
CHHILARtJ fessra) kid. 

CHHIIiAUtf A fejS^Q^T t;. a. To cause 
to be peeled, pared, barked, skinned. 

CHHILK feed's of "I 
CHHILKA (cM^ofi I « «* / Skin, 
CHHILL ^9S j rind, bark, shell. 
CHHILLAK {^if^ol J 

GHHILLA9 (cM35f( 8, m. Bark, skin, 
rind ; met, a rupee. 

CHHILL AT (c^d)«* /• A piece of 

CHHILT f^M siskin, bark, rind, 

a splinter or thorn in the flesh. 

CHHILL^SrA (y^<^l V. a. To peel, j 

to pare, to bark, to strip off the rind, 
to skin, to gall, to cut (with a knife.) 


OHHIMAhI fel^ l dl ) 8. /. Six 
CHHIMAHf^ fe^l J)* I months; 
six months' pay. 

f§S \8. m. A pool of 

CHHUjTB"" ^g 3 water wliere 

bushes and reeds are thickly grown 'puq* 
Chhambh^ Chha/i^hh. 

CHHIMBH ^ 1 ^./.Asplin. 
OHHIMBHAS (ggj, LT'^.t 
CaHnUBH f^ J tirig. of 

which baskets are made. 

GHHIN 16^ 8, /. A moment, an in- 
stant ; twinkling of an eye ; the sixtieth 
part of a ghafi : — chhin 5Aar, ad. In a 
moment, in an instant: — ehhin mdlar^ 8. Ifi. 
A moment. 

CHHINAl fe3TO)»./. A strumpet, 

CHHINAR feS^ ) a prostitute, abad 

woman, a harlot: — c%Mn<{/tMft|e{, s. m. 
See Ohhindld. 

CHHINAlA (cJAI^I 8. m. Whoredom, 
prostitution ; — a, /. See Chhindl. 

CHHf 1!!^ BA fi\'hP 8. m. A caste ; a washer- 
man ; a calico printer ; a kind of snake. 

CHHfNBAl? ^fqS 8,f. The wife of 
a Ohhih^bdy a female of the Chhinhd caste. 

CHHf 1SJIBA5 ^hS?^. w. {M,) See Chem^ 

CHHf NDA ^fgr 8. m. A hole. 

CHHUjTG f^ ) ». /. A thia stick. 

GHHI^GH f§Ur) a stick with sharp 

point ; a pointed piece of silver or gold to 
bring out soraps of food from teeth. 

GHHINOLA rSdlM> «• "»• (^0 See 


CHHief CHHUilf fe^ fe^ a. Se- 
duced to atoms or to pieces ; c w, Aotid, 
kar dead ; i. q. Chin^i, Vkin^i, 


( 226 ) 


CHHINJH f^ 8. /. Wrestling :— 

ehhMhpduf^i^ v, n. To wrestle ; to quarrel, 
to fight each other ; e. to. pcUx^i, 

CBHUSKA f^SoT ) 8. m. Sprink- 

CHHIt^KAof^rSSnf) ling of water 

on roads; sprinkling of rose-water 
and other colours on the occasion of 
marriages and festivities. 

CHHUSTKA^irA fe<fcc<<^» V. H. To sprin- 

kle ; to bestow upon, to give alms liber- 
ally : — hatth chhii^kai^ v. n. To distri- 
bute aims freely. 

CHHHi[KAU«rA figAot l Qd' V. a. Cans. 
of Ohhifkkaif^d. 

CHHINN BHINN f^f^ «. nt. Cut 
up, destroyed, scattered. 

0HHflSr7 '^tZ 9. /. Calico; u q. Chhif. 
CHH! O T^ itUj. See OhUh. 

CHHIOG {fS^Qsil 9. m. (M.) A sixth 

GHHIPAKi f^lfof) «. /. A sudden 
eruption of piles on the body. 

CHHIPAU f^lJT^ 8. m. Concealing, 
hiding, secrecy. 

CHHIPAUJJA f^l|T§S^ v. d. To hide, 
to conceal, to cover, to veil. 

CHHIPKAli f^UoRfld «. /. A house 

CHHIPl(jrA %l|SV V. n. To be con- 

cealed, to foe hid, to elude or escape ob- 
servation ; to veil or put on a mask ; to 
set (the sun, moon, stars) : — ckhipde 
pkirt^d, V. n. To be in hiding; t. q. Luk^. 

CHHIP CHHIP KE f|(l| f^ $ ad. 


CHHIfl ^9 8.f. (Pa.) A little raised 

skin on the margin of the finger nail ; 
t. q. Chof. 

CHHI {lA l^t^ 8. m. See Ufd. 

CHHIftAf ^g^plSi *./. Pastunng;the 

wages of taking herd or flock oat to 

CHHI^AUtSrA fk^vg^I V. a. To csaose 

to be mocked ; to cause to be begun, or 
to begin. 

CHHIB CHHIBA f^ f^BI a., «. m. Po- 
rous ; a very thin kind of cloth (as gauze) ; 
t. g. Jhifjhird. 

CHHIRE f^ tn^. Begone ! (a word 
used to drive away a cat) ; t. g. Chhure. 

CHHI9HAM fk^lf 8. f. Anger from a 
slight cause, fretf nlness, vexation ; c. w. 

CHHIftHMf f^^pA a. Irritable, irasd- 
ble, fretful, easily provoked, touchy. 

GH^IBKA fc$do(l 8. m. A by-path, a 
l|y-way, a foot path, a track. 

cshi^eA f^SFoH 

on roads. See Chhiiikd. 

CHHIItKAVA f^^ot^ V. a. To sprinkle. 
See ChhinkoBd. 

CHHI»KAU5?A fkSon§Sf f . o. To 

cause to be sprinkled ; «. q. Ohhii^kau^. 

CHHI9NA f^^TP I V. n. To begin, 

GHHIflNl fe^j^ ) to enter (upon a 

work), to embark (in an enterprise) ; to 
go to pasture (as a herd of cattle or 
flocks of goats or sheep) ; to flow (as 
blood) ; to continue ; to quarrel ; to t»n- 
tinue to cough. 

CHHIBOHA (c^SoI «./. (M.) The 
of a washerman. 

CHHI^T f^SFH « /• Beginning, com- 
mencing ; the prancing of a ahorse. 

(cdSIOCv ) 8. m. Spri 
(es^oCiQ J ling of ws 



( 227 ) 



doth having six hundred threads in the 
chain (cloth.) 

CHHf T ^ ,. /. Calico ; 4. q. ChJUf^f. 

CHnffA ^te? *./., a. (If.) A branch 

of Indos is named ChhUd on account of 
its vagaries ; mad i-^hhifi kuM jalebidp 
dirdkhi. What! a mad bitch to guard 
sweetmeats. — Prov. 

CHHITA fe^ e. m. A handstick, a 

CHHITAli fegij^ a. Forty-Six. 

CHHITAHLf A fegigj^ .. „. The 
year 46Ui. 

chhitAnk fe^ToT )»./. Theieth 

CHHITAlsrKf fe^isft ) part of a seer. 

g-^ncea; two ounces weight,.'.,. 

CHHITARNA feHTO! p. «. To be 
scattered, to be spread. 

CHHIff fe^ ,. /. A handstick, a 

CHHlfKA i^coci a. Stout but thin-:— 

chhttkd jotedn, s. m. A* stout man but 
not fat. 

CHfllTRf feg^ ,. / A small old shoe. 

OHHITBUlSlfeH^bfMi ../.pi Small 
old shoes. 

CHHITBAD^A Prfdd l Qg T «. «. To 
beat with a shoe, to scatter, to spread. 

CHHIT?AtJ¥A fed^J'Qg V. a. To 

CHHITT fi^ »• /. The splashing of 
mnd and water, spattering, sprinkling, 
S « J * ^°* ; a spot ;-a. Bespattered, 
deWed, polluted, impure, depraved, bad : 
mi sc h ierona, qnarrolsome. 


'HHTppA ^^ •w. Scattering, (grain 
•Bed in a field) ; sprinkling, splashing ;- 
ehht^ de§d or pdund, v. n. To scatter, 
(grain or seed in a field), to sprinkle 
wat« with the hand. 

CHHITTAB ^.. «. A very old 

and worn oat shoe :-cAA»«ar khdte, v, a. 

To get a shoe beating ; to sijfer hnmiUa- 

tion, taunts :—eAAt^ter Wr»e, lduBe,v. a. 

iiS* ST* * *»»*»ng. to taunt; i. q, 

CHHlirffli ^^ a. Angry, sullen; 

ashamed, confused -.—chhiuhd ho^d, v. n. 
To be ashamed. 

CHHOCHHA ^ a. Worthless, n«». 
less, invalid ; equal to nothing. 

CHHODA i^p I ,. «. (If.) stump, of 

GHHOpA §ST) the date tree. 

CHHOHAB §09 •. m. A boy, » 

^i—ehhoharpwtit, $. «. Childhood ; «. g. 
t/MHAitr, (Spoken west of the Bavi.) 

OHHOHLA §U95I 0. Quick, faasiy, 

OHHOHLA §tIST V. «. To touch, to 
feel, to meddle with. 

^ boy, a lad, a 
girl, (spoken 
^TOBt of the Am' 
and east of the 


CHHOHEf fg^ 

«. m. 

CHHOa t?5» ) t. 

chholU iTsiJp 

CHHOLfA §21^ 

chholtja ^ignn} 

CHHOP §l| ,. «. Ro„3 ^f ^t^^^ 


spread on an winnowing instrument by a 
company of women respectively at nifffat 
for spinning on the following day ; cf w. 


( 228 ) 


OHHOBA Sg» 8. m. (M.) A way of 

using ibefopd, 
CHHOT §3 #./. Impurity, defilement : 

—chhai jUra^, V. o- To remove rop- 
posed impurity or defilemwit from the 
eyes when sore, by passing burning 
straw around the bead, or by tbrowmg 
oil in water and looking at it, . 

CHHOT ^Z 9. f. Remission ; a certain 
percentage remitted on tbe payment of 
a loan wbicb bas been beld at inter^t ; 
remission of revenue, reduction m the 
araessment : — chliof chha44'^^'» \^ ^^ 
leave tbe grain on tbe tbresbing floor for 

tbe sweeper ; c. w. def^. 
CHHOTAf g<iltfl s. /. Smalhiess, little- 
neas ; t. q* ChhufH* 



little, small ; 

young, younger, junior; common, low, 
mean, weak, paltry, contempfcn>le ; nar- 
row, niggard, low-minded :— cfc*<#» oaul, 
chhMi peslutb Jcamdy v. a. To make 

watOTi-^fcAo^ *«^^' *• «*• (^^ t P •*? 
{AiparaguB r(u»nu>aus), yrhwh is furrnsh. 

ed witb smaU spines, is common m 

parts of tbe Salt Range, Siwahk tract, 

and otber bills. Its root is used medi- 

dually for man and beast :--h*o^ tewir, 

s. m. (K). A pbfcut (Andromeda fastf^^ 

aia) wbicb strongly resembles heather, 

commonly found at tbe Bias basin ^- 

ejidtbick i-^ckhattd ^^ /• ^ «1 ^^'> 
Sowing broad oast :—eMiom sdhab, s.m. 
A subordinate European officer?--c**aM 
wt»,«.«»- A tree {8aloadaralnd^) tbe 
w^ of wbicb is uaeleas " even for 
burning; ^ tbe leaves are eaten by camels. 
Pieces of wood are crittied ,to long dis- 
tances for sale, as it is much favoured for 
tootb sticks {muw6k) by Mubammadans, 
wbo use tbeirs for a number of tomes. 
Tbe employment of it thusissaidto be 
good for tbe digestion, and speeddy to 
cure bleeding gums x^-chhaM wa^ff, a.m. 
Young and old; great and small, all; 
higband low, rieb and poor; v g. OhhcfA. 

ihhottI S^ «• f* ^ ^^^' ^^ 

^hhafti kam4,v.a. To 

make water (used by women) : _ 

ldn4, s, /. A plant (.Wc^ ^V'J^T:^} 
Bbundantly grows in the Panjab and 
its erowtb is said to indicate a very 
infenor soil. Sajji could be prepared 
from this plant. It is eaten by camels r— 
chhotti mauM, e. /. (K.) Tbis pliini 
(So^numxanthocarpnm), generally taiown 
Iskandfdri, is common tbrougbout »e 
Paniab plains. In some places ite f®«** 
are eaten. They »« also applied for 
bruises and in otitis. Tbe fruit bk^^^ 
is officinal, being bruised and applied for 




(K) An axe for 


CHHOV S^ ». w 
cutting woods. 


CHHUA^f fW^ »' f' Candle ; t q^ 

CHHUArA ^nV^s,m. Tbe date tree; 

also its &nit. 
CHHUAuyA fWfS» "O- Toainae 

to be touched. 
CHHUBB S^ )». m. A bandage; 
CHHUBBA g^gt )c: «. pdund; i. q. 

8uhh. ^ 

OHHUBBf g^ 8. f. A small bandage ; 

CHHUCHCHH €5 #. m. Congealed mer- 
cury (a state wbicb alcbemists suppose 
it to assume from tbe influence of a cer- 
tain berb). 

CHHtJCHHA gS» a. Wortblees, useless. 

CHH^CHHf ^^ 8. /. Tbe part of a 
gun stock in wbicb tbe ramrod is in- 
serted; a Uttle vessel for drinking water. 


To drive away oontemptnouely ; to set a 
dog on anytbing. 


( 229 ) 


CHHUCHHUHAR ^^Od «• «» A boy, a 

lad : — chhuehhuharpuji^dy s. m. Boyishness, 
littleness, a want of spirit ; weariness. 

CHHUCHHUHRA SS09* a. Boyish, 

pnerile, little, spiritless, mean, trifling, 
airy» contemptible ; i, g. Ohhachhohrd. 

CHHUOHHtf^AR gjtid ) s.f. A 

CHHUCHHtJlSrDHAR ^{nj ) mole, 
a mnakrat. 

CHH6ch1 g^*./. (If.) A fish of the 

herring family (Glupea chapra) common 
in the riven and ^ihanft* 

CHHUPWAXHJTA gsiffgf) Ckufl. of 

ChJu4^^ Tooanse to be released; to 
release, to separate, to deliver, to rid 
from ; to emit or discharge (semen): — 
raU, kMhk, laM ekku4dtm, v. a. To 
caose to bleed :~§dh ekhiiiuiid, v. o. 
To cause to give np a chain to a betrothed 
girl ; t. q. Chhafwdu^. 

CHHUHAf §Un^«./. Touching ;grind- 

i^ (gain):--^AAi«Wt def^ or khdt^i, v. n. 
To be touched, to be influenced, to bo got 
the bet>ter of, to be at fault, to yield. 

CHHtJBCAR gOg 8. m. (If.) A boy :— 

thhUharut^ dt rann tdkolnd thive. Let no 
one be the wife of boys. — Pror. 

CHHUHARAgUtgr*. m. The date tree 

and its fmiU'—ehhuhdrd de^d^ milled, 
o. a. To betroth. 

CHHtfHAT gUg s. /. Touch, conta- 
mination; o. to. lagg^ 

CHHUHAU^A fUrf^V v. n. To cause 
to touch. 

CHHtJHIR gfira *./. (If.) A gxrl:- 
iihh4hmdi^ hon^ Shaiidu ^ pandh 
ina9^. Even Satan praya for protec* 
ticm from girls. — Prov. 


gUM^ I a. Active, 
gOM> ) sprightly; i. q. 

chhuhlA itJS^i 


CHHUHJirA fUSiy. a. To touch. 

CHHUHNA SOS^C to feel, U> 

CHHUHULA Sg??) meddle with.. 


CHHUHURA fg^T) lad.-c;^*f»A«r 

jw^il, g, m. Boyishness; littleness, a 
want of spirit; i. q. Chhohar. 

CHHtJf 1^ s. m. (Pot.) A light 

hatchet with a narrow blade, chiefly used 
in cutting the malhd or her bush.^ ^ 

CHHULKA^A €9Sir^ V. n. To be 

frightened, to overflow; to be spilt, 
to splash, to spill ; to void urine. 

CHHdMBAR 1^ ,. «,, A rustic, 
a clown. 

Sy^) lad.^c 



) ». /. Root ; trace, track ; 
J posterity ; a troop, * 

forcesj an army ; diminution : — ehh^f^kar 
de^if Vj a. To diminish : — chh^f^ hof^i 
V. n. To be diminished : — ekMi^ mnkduf^i] 
V, a. To diminish, to bring to one end, to 
root up, to have no trace or track! to 

9, m. 

t: •/. 

child's rattle. 

pL Fetters. 

CHH^Nf 1?^ s. f. (Poi.) The cover 

of an earthen vessel (made likewiie of 
earth); t. q, Ohappai^, 

CHHtfNfljI gj<f ». /. (If.) The Kd of a 
ghafd : — ehk4fUn hhanna§, v. a. To break 
the lid of a ghofd at the bride's chambeF* 
door is a general custom at mazriages* 


( 230 ) 


The chhUnif^ ia placed, with a small piece 
of money under it, before tlie threshold of 
the chamber, and the bridegroom, as he 
goes in, stamps on and breaks it. The 
company oongratulate him. The money 
is the perquisite of the potter. 

CHHUNNE SE ^i^% a. Contagious, 


The sound of frying fat; a rattling 

CHHUPAU^A §IJT§^ V. a. To hide. 
See Ohkipdftn^i, 

CHHUPlirA ^1431 r. n. To be hid, to 

be concealed, to elude or escape observa- 
tion. See Ghhip^. 

CHHURA ggr «. m. A large knife. 

CHHUBAK S^oT 8, f. Haate, rapid- 
ity, speed, quickness: — chhurak karke 
nikal jJM^ v. n. To go away quickly, 
to go away with haste or rapidity : — 
chhurak mutk^ §. /. Walking with haste ; 
e. w. kamd : — chhurak phardhi^ bilH^ 8, m. 
A snare for birda. 

CHHURE 3% ifUj. Begone! (a word used 
to drive away a caA) ; i. q. Ohhire. 

CHHUR HOJA^A ^d^t4l'dO ^' «• 
CHHUa HOSA Sg^ 3 To get 

away« to begone (like a cat on account of 
fear) ; met, to keep silence, to be silent 
on account of fear. . 

CHHURf S;;^ 8. /. A small knife :— 

fniffhi chkuri, f. /. Iti. A sweet knife ; cold 
steel ; one who ruins another with a 
smooth face, or secretly; a wolf in 
sheep's clothing. 

CHHt^T S3 8.f. Touch, contamination, 
defilement ; c. w. laggii^i, 

CHHt^T ^Z «• /• Acting or speaking 

wiihont restraint op consideration, run- 
ning furiously ; «. w, koftd. 

CHHUTlAf ^{iiW}^B. /. LittleneM. 

CHHiryKARA g^Srai^*. *». DeUver- 

ance, freedom, escape, disengagement, 
liberation; liberty, exemption; release, 
discharge, acquittal ; c. w. dei^d^ hand- 

CHHU'PT g^ prep. But, except ; wre, 
leaving, without, besides. 

CHHUTT 53 od. Without hinderance ; 
i, q. Achhut, 

CHHUTT A5 ^rf a. Forsaken, aban- 
doned (as a wife by a husband) ; feee. 

CHHUTTf g^ 8. f. Leave, holiday ; 

discharge, disengagement, leisure, per- 
mission, freedom : c. to. deii^ ^'ll<» mdlm^. 

CHHUTT^rA g%ST V. n. To be freed. 

to escape, to escape from ; to be separat- 
ed, to be alienat^ to be discorded ; to 
be liberated, to be set free, to be diamia- 
sed, to be discharged or acquitted; to be 
redeemed (a mortgage) ; to cease, to atop» 
to be given up, to be relinquished ; to leave 
(the breath), to die ; to be set in motion, 
to start ; to go off, to fire (a gun) ; 
eopulaUone liberari^ semen emittere. 

GHfA^BO^A tn^Ml^fiOa. Uneven, 
CHfNAl!ilB09A ^St^gq^) (as thread); 

ill-shaped, imperfect. 

CHIB6 f^^ #. m. A bruise, an indenta- 
tion (in a metallic vessel.) 

(a metallic vessel.) 

CHIBBHA5 ftjW«< 
CHIBHA? feg^ 

Indented, braised 

' ) «. 911. A 

) fruit 

small wild 

found on the east & south of the Sntlej 
among kharif crops ; met* a deformed 
person: — chibbhofef^ de hdr te ieei. He 
will pay at the chihhhof harvest; t. e. 
he will never pay it. 

CHIBBf (tJtiJl*./. (JUT.) The spotted owlet 

(button owl of Europeans) — alfteae hrwauL 
\ (Jerdon). Besides being a bird of ill omen, 


( 231 > 


it is considered extremely ngly : — ehibri 
da chihrd te na^ N4r BiU. She has the 
face of an owlet and her name is N^r 
BiU (Lady of light.).— Prov. 

GHICHA tJltJ^ «-m. A woman's breast; 

CHIOHAB (tJdd «. w. (K) Debris. 
CHfCHBAHUTf tfldt|y<j) 8.f. Bee 

CHf CHCHA5 (Uds^ B. m. A tick :— 

thamm chichehof^ 5. m. Hi. A tick of skin ; 
a man that is not easily shaken off. 

CHfCHf ^h^ s.f. The Uttle finger, 
the little toe. 

CHfCHAK ^teoT *./. Small-pox. 

CHf CHKA tfldofl 8. m. A thin skin 
separated after small-poz. 

CHICHLAUlirA fadWQd ' t^. n. To cry 
out, to scream, to shriek. 

*. /. A play among boys. Some boys hide 
themselves, and some go to mark lines 
on walls; when the latter return, the 
former go to erase those lines, and when 
they come back, all boys go to see whe- 
ther all lines are erased or not. They 
count those lines which are not erased ; 
and the party, who marked the lines, is 
entitled to get something from the other 

CHICH^f feg^ ,./. A small tick .— 

^ww chtchrt, s.f. lit. A small tick of the 
«cin ; a woman who makes herself a pest 
by hanging on where she is not welcome. 

CHlCHEf feg^ ,. m. (K,) A small, 

J^ther slender, shrubby plant (Flectran- 
^«« rugogua}, abundant in the Panjab 
^malaya, and occuring in the Salt 
^^ge. In those places it is used as 
bedding to keep off fleaa. 


^te^g^ »./. The 




name of a small insect, a species of 
cochineal with a back red and soft like 
velvet, generally seen in the rains ; a 

CHIDDA f^^«.iii. a little lac ball with 
which children play, 

CHippH f^ 9. «., /. A person of small 


CHIDHAB feljig ad. (If.) On aU 

CHIFAlA f^rSW a. (jr.) Slippery, as 
of a hill side or any thing hard to hold. 

CHIGA fegn 9, m. (M.) The name of 
a male camel up to 7 years' old. 

CHIGGA f^cin)c». Fat and flat 

CHIGGHA f^afup) (applied to the 

human face and the body) : — chigghd 
ehapfdy a. Clean with ghee^ Ac., (generally 
applied to the human face.) 

GHIgH ^)U( 9. /. A mark made on the 

flesh by a tightly bound cord ; c. to. jpai 

CHIH 1^^ 9. m. Anger ; insistence, per- 
sistence ;.love, affection: — chih ehofhdu^d^ 
V. a. To cause to make obstinate, to 
cause to make angry: — chih chafki^d, v. n. 
To be obstinate, to persist ; to be angry, 
to insist ; c. to. ehafhjdf^i, ehafh^i. 

CHIhABATT ^ta^^ «• *»• Crying, 
weeping, lamentation; c. to. paifid. 



8. m, A mark, a spot, a stain, a scar, a 
sign, a symbol, a token by which any- 
thing is known, feature, signature. 



( 232 ) 


CfflHAilNA f^Os^A' t?. a. To join to- 
gether two layers of letrfiher with paste, 
as in making shoes. 

CHfHL tflOM »•/• The name of a Wrd 
of preji a kite; the pine tree, pine 


CHfHAV tJlOst ) ». /• CHttten, gum. 
CHf H9 ^^3? ) miness, clamminess, 

stickness; closeness, churlishness, sor- 

didness ; the pine tree. 

CHfH^A tflOs^O a-. »• «•• /• CHutin- 
CHfH?f tfld^)) ous, gummy, tena- 
eiouB^ ayaricious ; a miser. 

CHfj ^ttT g.f. A thing i^-eUj hast, cUj 
waH, Mi waMt »•/• Things, chatties, 

CHIJAKRf rdt4>o(^ «. «*. {^) Is a 
plant (Podophyllum Ewodi). Its hand- 
some red fruit (ripe in September and 
October) is inspid, and the natives do not 
praise it much, although they eat it in 
most parts. 

CHULA fd^W 9.m.(K). A small 
ttee, or as generally seen, a large shrub 
(FraaAnw xanthoityUoides) common m the 
arid tracts on the Sutlej and Chenab, 
and in the Jhelam basin. It very rarely 
reaches 5 feet in girth and 25 feet high. 
Its wood is hard, heavy and strong, but 
being small, is mostly only used for 
hanSes and for fuel. 

CHfjO ^^ 8.f. A thing (used only in 

speaking to children.) 
CHIK feoT *./. A kind of screen or cur- 

tain made of split bamboos ; cheque (cor- 

rnption of the English word Oheque) ; 

— (K.) Soil, ground- 

GHIK ^tof «./• Corrupted from the 
Sanskrit word OhUkdr. A scream, a 
shriek, a ory :— cW* chthdrd, cUk ehiha^ 
fdj8.m. Weeping, crying. 

CHIKA feoP ». »». See Ohikhd. 

0HIKA5 ftJo(£ s. m. Flowering od 
cloth or plaster, embroidary. 

CHfKAN tOolA »• «• I« a toee(Riiosy. 
mous fimbriata) common in many places 
in the Panjab. It does not grow to a 
great size, and is not valued for oonstrac* 
tion, but the wood is oloso-grained and 
tough, and spoons are made of it. The 
leaves are eaten by goats, and on the 
Sutlej the red seeds are stmng into 
ornaments for the head; u g. Ba^ ehU' 

CHIKArA feopgr 8. m. A kind of 
fiddle; a fawn; noise, nproar. 

CHIKA^f ftJo(^«. /. Thin mud ; a kind 
of fine wood {Buxui sempervir e ng) of 
which combs are made. 

CHIKAmjA feorfgl W a. To cause 

CHf KAUSA ti]o(i§dl ) to cry out or 

to shriek, to cause to wail, to cause to 

CHfKH ^h* 8.f. A shriek, a scream, 
wailing; c. w. peuni, mdr^\ t. g. Ohik. 

OHIKHA feV «•/• A bier, a funersJ 
pile, a pyre ; ». q. Ohikd. 

OHfKHA ^hr «t. )«• Thin and 

CHfKHf ^dWt /• J ^0"; «^ 

having a shrill voice j a person with a 
shrill voice. 

CHfKHJjA '^\\fSfv.n. To cry out, to 
scream, to wail ; t. q> OUhttd- 

cHiKiAu^A feftwrfs^ »• ^ i^^ 

To scream, to shriek. 

CHIKKAN ftTo^lA «• Thick, of a thick 
consistence (spoken of fluids.) 

CHIKKA? (tJoT^i «• w. CdTupied 
from the Sanskrit word Kachehar. Mud, 
miro ; met. a slothful, slovenly person:- 
chikkar chibhhar, 8. m. Mud.*— cAiWt^ 
eher or chhef, s. m. {M) lit The mud 
gang; the gang of statute labourere 


( 233 ) 


ammoned for emergent work while the 
anala are mnniiig. The annual dear- 
noe and repiars of the inundation- 
Bbnala are done hy chhefoa^ or statute 
abonrers, while the canals are dry ; but 
F any emergent work is required to be 
xecuted while the canals are running, 
.dditional chhefoa (called chikkaf chhefj 
tr the mud gang, because they have to 
v-ork ¥Fhile the day has been turned 
nio mud by the canal-wat^) are 

ifKlSA t/)o{d> > sticky, smooth}— 
ifKU^?A tO^dOt;.!!. To leak. 

if Kl^A t^oce^ »• a- To cry out, to 
ahriek, to scream, to wail ; ft. q. £a«4t 

HKNAHAT ftjo(A«lJ<!)»./.Oil,fat, 

ilKNAf (tJo(A>in ) grease. 

HfK^f ^toR^ a. Oily, greasy, 

sticky; — «./. Clay, soil, hard land: — 
ehikf^i fnitfl, 8. f. A kind of clay. 

EIKt^ljl f^^ s. m, {M,) A mixture of 

barley-flour, turmeric and sweet-oil, 
rubbed over the bodies of the bride and 
bridegroom before marriage by the 
fnirdsaua or mirdsi. Persons of rank rub 
a little on the arms or other parts. 
Among JcUs the whole body is rubbed. 
Its supposed effects are to increase per- 
sonal beauty and stimulate passions; 
i. q, Baftid^ Vapki. 

HIL ra95 ^' /• -^ large flat stone or 

nfL tH^V '•/• The pine tree (Pi 


excelii)^ pine wood ; a kite; ft*, q. OMhL 

)HILA ItJC^i *. w. A period of forty 

days observed for certain religious pur- 
poses by Muhammadans or other religious 

fraternities in the east; forty days 
after child birth : — child hannhll^ij v. a. 
To appoint a period of forty days for a 
religious observance : — child kamd^ chile 
baifh^paii^dj v, a. To spend forty days in 
fasting, reading some verses of the Qurdn 
in some private room or place, and some 
times in an unfrequented forest; i*. a. 

CHf LA tD^' '• m- A small tree (Ccue- 

aria tometUosa) commonly found near 
the Indus basin. The timber is whitish, 
soft and brittle, and is only used for . 
small wood-work, but is said to furnish 
good fuel. . In some places the fruit is 
used for poisoning fish, 

CHILAK (tlMo{ s.f. Shining, bright- 
ness, glitter, polish. 

CHf LAE iSlihcl s. f. {Hi) The namo 

of an ornament worn by woolen on the 
ear; i. q, Dan^. 

CHILAE^A f^TSoTS^ V. n. To shine, 
to glitter. 

CHILAM ftJ^H 9. f. The bowl of a 

pipe, a pipeful of tobacco; the large 
esrthen stand of huqqd^ which contains 
the tobacco and fire and which is placed 
on the top of the rod or other pipes : — 
chilam hharf^i, v. a. To prepare the 
chilam^ to fill a pipe ; to serve or wait 
upon one. 

CHILAMCHI f^r?S>n^ 9. /. A wash- 
hand basin of metal. 

CHILAT ftJ^ld 9. /.{Hi.) The name 
of a male goat up to ono year old. 

CHILOGJA f^TSSftT «• «»• Corruption 

of the Persian word Chilgoaahm A kind of 
fruit, used medicinally and considered 
strengthening, the seed of the edible 
pines (Pinus gerardiana,) 

CHf LH ^^t?§ »' /• See Chlhl, Ohil 

CHILHAbA (tJMU>d> ) 8' m. (If.) The 

CHILHARO fa^ ' ^ ) 8iun of forty, 
about forty. 


< ^4 ) 


CHILKAnA ftJJAo^W B. w. (If.) lit 
polishing. Wages for polisliiiig ; a deduc- 
tion of &om half to one anna per rupee, 
in addition to interest, made fn)m a loan 
by the lender. Thns a. kirdf lending one 
hundred rupees deducts six rupees and 
four annas as chilkdnd; but he enters one 
hundred rupees in his books and charges 
interest on the full hundred. The Sikhs 
had seyeral sort of rupees. Ndnak Shdfd 
struck in samhat 1844-45 was the final 
coin. Chilkdnd was levied to make up 
the difference between the value of the 
standard and other rupees. 

CHILEArA (tJd6o(ldl 8. m. Bright- 
ness, glitter, polish. 

CHILKAIUJA ftJMoflQ^O v. a. To 

CmLKAWAl? ftJtto{l^^ ) cause to 
shine, to polish. 

CHILKI (tJAoH 8. f. A kind of Nd- 
nak Shdhi rupee (of a purer metal than 
the original Ndnak Shdhi rupee) ; a kind 
of rupee worth ten annas, current in the 
Jammu and Kashmir State. 

CHILEOR^A (tlMo{dd> V- »• To 
shine (after raining), to rise (the sun.) 

CHILLA (t^i «. m. The string of a 

bow: — ehUld jhofdu^^ v. a. To draw a 

CHIllA fSCih^ 8. m. BoeChOd. 

CHILIif it^Ml 8. /. A pony or mule load 
of grass, Ao. 

CmiiOTA (tJ^d> ) 0. m. (£). A small 

CmLOTt^ {tiiS^ ) tree {LOsaa tp.) 

which is not unfrequent in parts of the 
Pttnjab Himalaya up to the Ghenab. In 
some places in Ghamba, an oil, expressed 
from the fruit, is burned. 

CHILt^CHf (tJMtJI 8. m.(ir.) A broad- 
ish leaved tree {Iris NepaltnsiB.) 

CHiL<hjrGHiLt^ f^^ ^;^ t. m. 

Throbbiiig, chattering continuously, as 

i« ckOm^ hanul, v. n. To 

throb, to be noisy, to chatter without 
intermission, as chickens in the absence 
of the hen ; to have severe pain in a boil 
and wound. 

CHfMA ^tW ^ 
CHfMAH ^ ^ ^, j^ 

CHIMBA^AU^A f^lJ^lQcb' V' c 

To cause to stick to, to cause to adhere 
to, to climb up. 

CHiMBA^jAerA f§^[S W^ 7 r. «. 

CHIMBA5NA figtj^j^l 3 To ad 

here to, to hang on, to cleave to, to stick 
to ; to copulate. 

GHIMBARI f^^cH 8.m. Is aplasi 

{Doctyloetenium ^gypticumm) common in 
many places throughout the plains of tk 
Panjab. Its seeds are occasionally eaie^ 
in times of scarcity, and it is reckozH' 
good as a fattening and a nulk-pi^ 
ducing pasture ; t. q, Madhdnd. 

GHlMBABi ^hl^^ 8,m. Is a plant 

{Eletuine flagellifera) abundant in maof 
of the more arid parts of the Panjab 
plains, especially towards the ivest. In 
some places it is a favourite with cattle. 

GHIME^NA f^ri)?^ V. a. To cause 
to adhere ; i. q, Ohamepid. 

GHIMMA9NA f^MHZST V. ft. To sd- 

here, to stick to. 
GHTMTA f^WS^ 8.m. Tongs. 

GHIMt^NA f^lJJS^ I #. m. A kind ol 
GHIMtf NAH feifSU ) ^^^ «^ *>"^- 

CHIMYAKBI fe UMIot^ «. m. See 


CBftS ^tS 8.f. A plaits a fold in s 
garment (petticoat.) 

CHI^A tfl^l s. m. A kind of grain, a 

sort of millet {Pameum fnHiaeeum) f 
M^ khUdftd, V. n. lit. To throw dW«tf; 
•le^. to weep bitterly. 


( 235 ) 

cmNNfl ihnnh 


tl^^AG feSBI*./. A Bpark; prickly 
leat ; ardor nrinsd ; c. tt;^ mdr^it patui^ 

tltiTAaf (tJ^df) «• /> A kind of pati- 
dcige ; a spark ; met an actiye lad» 

Vmki feST^ »./. Laying bricks, 

ki*ranging ; mode or manner of arranging ; 
compensation for brick laying. 

[I^AKNA ftJd^o{<S> t;. n. To speak 

LINAR feS^g 8. /. the name of a 

iiTce (P2a^anf<« orientdlis), the wood of 
w^hich is highly esteemed, and used for 
pin stocks. 

LINAb! (tJA>'^ a* Hade of chindr; 
>f a chindr colour. 

IINAt PtJAId *. /. {^) A paved 
road or flight of paved steps down a hill 
side ; %, g. Ohandly Okhtodl. 

IHjrAU'P fe^T^ 8. f. Arranging, 

piling, brick-laying, plaiting; mode or 
manner of plaiting, piling. 

[lerAU^rA fe^rf^ v. a. To cause 

o be plaited ; to cause to be piled or 
>uilt up. 

:ilSIBA5«rA f^^fSfSI v. n. See 
77^imbar jdikd. 

In CHfN ^ #«. /. A scream, a 

hriek: — cMi^ chin kamd, v. n. To 
cream, to squeal, to screech, to make a 
hrill noise ; to kill by degrees. 

list CHUjf fe^ f^ a. Bix>ken 

J pieces, reduced to pieces : — chifki chifki I 
ojdf^t hofkd, V. n. To be broken to 
ieces, to go to pieces: — chif^i chilli 
ardef^f kamdj ». a. To break into pieces. 

iljrp ^^fg 8. /. The quantity of 

^ater, or other liquid, drunk without 
aking breath, the act of drinking that 
luantity ; ♦. q, Jhlk. 


OHf IjIDHf ^'tft 8. /. A piece of loaiher 

. attached on both sides of an axis of 
a carriage near wheels. 

CHnSTDH MUsTDH f^fljll a. Run 

together, confused, obscure, not clear; 
c% w. kamd, 


OHfljlG. "^f^ «. /. (If.) Groaning from 
pain ; t. q, H49g> 

OmiSrGGHAB f^U|i;5f ,. /. a acteam, 

OHIIjIGGHABNI f^lllTcRSf ». n. To 

scream, to screech. 

OHiisrQGiAsA f^fW^ i^ m. 

ommQil^t f^f^pMT^ s. f. 
cmwaYA^f f^fto^ .. / 

A spark (of fire) z^chinggidfi Idu^, v^fi. 
lit. To set a spark ; to foment a quarrel, 
to sow a seed of disunion, to sow dissen« 

CHIliirGHNA f^URS! v.n. (Jf.) To 

strain at stool ; to strain at lifting a 
burden ; to obstruct ; i. q. Killh^d. 

CHfNf ^h^ 8. /. Sugar, porcelain, 
crockery ware ; — a. Pertaining to China, 

CHf^jf :^t^ s.f. A kind of millet of 
red variety {Panicum miliiiceum,) 

CHIlSrjARf ^H^ 8.f. The begin- 
ning of strife :—cAtn;arf chhef^i, v. ». 
To begin a quarrel. 

CHfNNA W^s.m. A light chestnut 
sorrel (applied to horses and pigeons.) 

CHUJNA (tJCA' V. a. To arrange, 

to pile up, to lay (bricks); to plait 

CHIUNH MINNH f^ ftfe «. Se. 

Chi^dh Mivdh. 

CHfN pfN 

( 236 ) 


CEi}^ p1^ lihif 8. /. The qnernlons 

notes of a bird that has been caught ; 
met complaint, discontent: — c^^v ^^9^ 
kamd, t\ a. To complain, to be dissatis- 
fied, to make excnses, to refuse assent. 

CHUJT (tldd ) *./. Laying bricks, 
CHItiTTf fij^J ) lAason work, piling 

np any thing in an orderly manner ; plait- 
ing cloth, 

CHUjTTA f^gi I *. m. Thought, reflec- 

OHHirrA fe^gfjtion, solicitude, care, 

Anxiety, concern ; cark, dole, fret : — 
chi^td chtkhd barahhar. Care and pyre 
are equal ; t. e. the pyre bums the dead 
and care kills the living : — ktiehh ehif^td 
iioMii, ad. It does not matter, never 

CHIP ^1| #. /. Obstinacy, insisting, 

vexation, teasing, abashment, . imita- 
tion: — cA^ chafhdutiit de^y v. a. To 
make obstmate, to teaze: — chip laggt^iy 
V. n. To be obstinate ; to feel obstinate ; — 
«. m. (K) A fish trap of bamboo or osier 
under a weir in a stream : — chip ehip^ 9. m. 
Adhesion, coherence : — chip ^ipdfj $• /• 
Adhesiveness, glutinous. 

CHIp ^|1| 8.f. Olue, gluten, any vis- 
cous substance, adhesiveness or vis- 
cosity ; a mixture of oil with the juice of 
hohaf or thohar, used for catching birds ; 
«. q. Kdppd, Pdkkd. 

CHIPAK f^lfoT '•^•Sticking, adhesion. 


CHIPAKSA f^PUotS* V. n. To stick, 
to adhere. 

CHf PA? ^HlW 8.m. A glutinous or 
adhesive substance, a hanger on"; me^. a 

CmPAT^f A f^WScP t'- *»• To stick, 
to adhere, to be united, to be joined. 

CfflPKAU^fA rd^o(lQd^ V. a. To 
cause to adhere, to make to stick. 

CHI PLA ^Hn9 a. Sticky, glutinous, 

CHIPtirA f^IJSf v.n. To be abashed, 
to be vexed, to be irritated. 

CHIPPf f^lft B. /. An oval shaped 

vessel or dish, usually made of wood, 
used by 8dhd4 or faqirs ;— {M .) A piece 
of cloth tied with stick in order to make 
pigeons to run away. 

CHIPP^A f^ilSt V. a. To join, to 

piece ; to clean strings or cords of hemp; 
to stamp cloth ; — o. n. To stick to« 

CHIPItA f^llSfV a. Having the eyes 
filled with matter, blear»eyed. 

CHIP$t} f^lfa 8. m. A blear-eyed 

man, a man whose eyes are clogged with 
matter (spoken contemptuously.) 

CHIB Itjd 9. m. Space of time,. a long 

time : — chir Idu^d^ v. a. To delay, to 
spend a long time : — chir laggt^ v, a. To 
be spent (a long time): — chirkdl^ s, fn. A 
long time : — chir pichchhe^ pichchho^^ ad. 
After a long time. 

CHI$ (tjs< «./. Vexation; a hangnail. 

CHIB tJid «• m. A slit, a rent; a 

sharp pain; — *. f. (M,) Oum; cir. dw^i — 
chir phdf hami^ r. a. To open by lancing 
(a boil) ; to tear, to rend. 

CHf RA tlld' '• ^'^ ^ turban of varie- 
gated colours, (especially of a red colour) ; 
a rent, a rip, a cut, a slit ; — chtrd de^d^ 
'V. n. To open by lancing (a boil or 
other swelling.) 

CHI^A |tJ9)l »• m* A male sparrow 
met. a dwarf, a man of little stature. 

cnmAf (tjdi^ H /• "^^ pnce of 

CHIbAI tjld'j/l ) splitting and of 

sawing timber and boards ; compensation 
lor lancing boils. 

CHIRAK {tmU 8.f. Excrement 
voided in small quantities, mHCM, piu. 


< 237 ) 


^THiaAKA (tJd'^* 0. Of old time, of 
long duration, requiring a long time> 

"CHIBAKt^A f%Uof3» v.n. To void by 

stool very little at a time; to make a 
otealdng noise as an old bedstead. 

GHfRAN tfldA '. /. A handfol (of 

CmjgSUJii, {tid^Q^l «. «. To tean, 
to Tex. 

OHIBAUt^A fijd'§A ' V- a- To cause 
to be split, or rmt, to oanse to be sawed 
(boards, Ac.) ; to canse to be opened by 
lancing (a boil, Ac.) 

CHIEAU^Ijf Rjg'tO «. /. A kind of 

OHI9OHI5AT tea fe^^*. Ilk Prat. 

ing^ohattering; the sound of wood burn- 

CH15 OHi? kabnA teafegf ^gjs! 

V. «• To prate, to chatter; to sputter 
{meat in xoastmg.) 

CHi^H tslffj '• /. Glntionsness , adhe- 
siveness ; closeness, churlishness ; the 
pine tree, pine wood 5 t. q. Chthar- 

<7HI$HA tilljO o. Gummy, glutinous, 

CHI$Hl ^fl|) tenacious; met, a miser ; 
i. q. CMhfi. 

CHIgHAwA (tJdO ' <i ». m. See 
CHfBf ^1^ «./, A letter, an epistle ; 

CHI$f (tJlD ff. /. A female sparrow ; 

met, a middle sized man, a dwarf: — 
chifiTnity s. fit. A sparrow catcher, a 
bird catcher : — ehifi mtphafaJni^djphafka/i^e 
pdu^, p. n. la. Not a sparrow has to 
flutter; not a single person can come 
into, or pass (any place) : — ehifii^ dd 
maran te quiring da hdaed, lit The death 

of sparrows and jokes of downs-^Prov. 
used where a strong man does not care 
to injur a weak person: — chifi tar* 
hhd^, 8. m. (Pot.) The name of a bird. 

CHI51AHAN (tjfk^MlOA)'- /• The 

CmjlAlSroH tefenfixi 3 smellof 

a burnt leather, of an extinguished 
lamps, of stinking oil. 

CHIBAU^irA fegif^l „. a. SeeCAatrf. 
CmBf ^? f^^ ad. After a long time. 

cmsnsTG tefggi ^ ,./. A 
CHi5iisrGlAEf tef^feinfi^ l^^^ 

an Itch ; c «. chhini, pai^L 

cHiBK fegar-j 

CHIRKU fij^^ t».in. Space of time, 
CHIftKAfeg^flj "W""*- 

CHmMA^tlT fe^W8TO».m.Asmart. 

ing pain, acrimony, smarting. 

CHISMISAlUlA fiig<(> i rf l Q^ I v.n. 
To smart. ** 

CHI5NA tea[?STr. a. To be teased, to 
be vexed, to be provoked. 

CHfRNA^!g?5l r.a. To rend, to rip 
up, to slit, to split, to divide longitud- 
inally with a saw ; to lance (a boil, a 

CHIBNA fegS! v.n. To be slit, to be 
torn, to be rent, to be sawed. 

CHIRNf (tJd^ »./. A kind of tree 
(Litsma galanica.) 

CHIRf PHUL fe^tew .. M. A kind 
of tree. ** 

CHIROKlirA fetsrSI a. Of old time, of 

long duration, requiring a long time ; i. q, 


( 238 ) 


CHf Btt ^l^lg 8. m. A skein of thread ; 
one who rencU, teat*8 or saws* 

CHfBWA^ tfld^l a. Split ;-cA*tW» 
1^9^, 8. m. (if.) Split dates. 

CHf RWIN tfldfeA *. / f»f J The 

fruit of the date-palm which has been 
cut open, the stem extracted and dried* 

GHI9 WA ^^^ ')8.nL A preparation 

CHI5WE ftj^^pj.) of rioe; t.e. rice 

soaked, parched and beaten in a mortar ; 
(the word is commonly used in the plural.) 

CHiawAf PtJd^l^ «./. Sawing, tear^ 

ing, cutting; compensation for sawing, 
tearing, slitting. 

CHiRwAuiK^A PtJd^ ' Qg ' 

V. a. To 

cause to be slit or rent, to cause to be 
sawed (boards.) 

CHf 8 ^fjj s. f. Throbbing of a sore, a 
sharp pain; c. tv. ko^ pai^i^ mdr^ 

CHISA feflf 8.m. Day and night. 

GHISSA f^^ a. Handsome, beautiful, 
nice, fine. 

CHIST ftJKd 8. m. A sect of Muham- 

CHISTf ^fj^ I ,. m. A man of 
CHISHTf ftjjtfj ) the 0;iM^ caste. 

CETf itK 8. f, A strip of cloth, a rag, 

a scrap ; a strip of paper on which ad- 
dress of one is written to whom a packet 
is despatched; — (if.) Obstinacy, insist- 
ing, vexation, teazin^, abashment ; a flat 
plain : — chtf hoar ^iuP hU, He made a 
plain of it, or he made aclean sweep of it. 

CHITA ^•5i 8. m. Urine ; a leopard : — 

Mti hhijduii^f kamd^ tvagdu^^ v. a. Hi, 
To pass urine, to make water (the term 
used by the Sikhs). 

CHiyAK Pd<fo( «• /• Dirtiness, filth; 
glittering of the sun. 

CHITAKSA fe^SrS^ v.n. Tobooam« 
dirty (the head). 

OHtTAMtirA ftJdMS') ^» A' IVi i»« 

CHITAMnA ftj^n^l I member, to eon- 

sider, to think of, to cogitatci to deter- 

OmTAMJirf f^HM^ s. f. Conriidera* 
tioni thought, cogitation ; caiv, oiixiety . 

CHIT ANN (tJ^<^ a. Rational, reaflon- 

able, ih possession of the senses; can- 
tious, wide, awakej aware ; i. q. Cheto$m^ 

OHITAPAB f^;3nj^ ». m. (if.) White- 

CHITA$ (tJddf 8. fit. See OhUtar. 

CHITARGUPT rddddji rH*.w.Yama'a 

register, the recording angel ; supposed 
angels (accordinff to the Hmdu Mytholo- 
gyji who are said to record every person's 
good and bad actions daily dtiring the 

GHITAREAR (tJddc{ld'f»- Apoiii- 
ter, a portraitrpainter ; i, q. OhiUarkdr, 

CHITARKARf (tJddot ' cfl */• Paint- 

ing, portrait-paintinff; the aft of paint- 
ing ; t. q. Ghittarkdfi. 

CHITArnA PddidA' v. a. To remind, 

to make known, to warn, to apprise, to 

CHITAR^f [tJddiT*./. An aocom- 
plished and fascinating woman ; the second 
of the four classes (». e. Padmafii^ Chiiarjui^ 
Saukh^ij Rastwat) into whidi the Hindus 
divide women, according to their charac- 
teristio of beauty, &c. 

CHITAUerA Pdd>Q'dV t;. a. See CW- 

CHITERA (tj9d> «. m* A picture pain- 

ter, engraver, one who works figures on 


( 239 ) 


OHITOUPT ftlddjM? ». OT. Corrupted 

from the Sanskrit woi-d Ohitrgvpt. See 

CHfTHALNA ^Hih^l^a. To tread 

under foot, to trample down, to bruise, 
to cmsh. 

CHITHAUlirA Pdtj l gdU .a. To cause 
to be crashed, ground. 

CHrrmA? fe?^ ../. (Jf.)AoiuB- 

ter of stars j t. j. Khittid^, Qi^tdn. 

CHfTHSA tD^^jl s. m. A rag; a 
tattered garment. 

CHITKABBA (tido{iJd> a. Spotted, 

CHITKAl?A fe^ar^T s. m. A spot, a 

speck, a blot (used comznonlj in the 
plnral as chiikai^e). 

CHITKA^l Pd^o<A% ./. A bolt. 

CHITKABf fa^oCcfl s.f. Ui^ing on 
cattle by the clicking noise made in 
drawing the tongue from the palate. 

CHITLA fegRla. 8ee Ohitkahrd. 

CHITMAIJA f^3H2JT r. a. To remem- 
ber, to consider. See Chitcmjkd. 

CHITRA (tidd* ». m. Corrupted from 

the Sanskrit word Ohitrak. A leopard : 

(3f.) Ut The spotted one; a fish, the 
mnrrel (Ophtocophalus iwaraKtw)— also 
called mhol It grows to three or four 
feet in len^h, and has an eje-Iike spot on 
the caudal fin, and five large spots along 
the side, whence its name. It has few 
bones, but is insipid eatim. 

CHITEBRA ftidddl *.i».(Z^.) A pain- 
ter ; t. g, Ohiterd. 

CHITfil fe3jfl ) ,. /. The but. 

CHIT?f Aiy ^S^Mpl I tocks of a 

CHITT f^ s. m. The mi^d, the 

senses, the heart ; memory ; understanding ; 
attention, notice, consideration ; a pain- 
ting ; — 8. /. A cotprt worn on the back, 
so as to lie flat ; — a. Lying on the back 
with the face up i—chtU hojdxkd, ho^d, 
V, n. To lie dead ; met to sleep a sound 
sleep: — chitt kamd, v. a. To remember; 
to wish, to desire, to have a desire or 
liking : — chitt kardef^d or hamd, tr. n. To 
kill ; to throw (an adversary) on his back 
(in wrestling) :—<;Ai« Idw^d, logdu^d, 
lagg^dj V, n. To attend, to pay attention 
to, to apply to :— <5Ai« ton laihjdfi^d, v. n. 
To escape one, to be forgotten \— chitt 
wichch rakkhnid, v. a. To instil in the 
mind, to inipress, to fix deeply :—c/i»« 
fndtdld, a. Painted or stained with 
diverse colors, variegated, many colored, 

CHITTA ^57 a. White, fair ; met. a 
rupee : — ehitfe kapfe te edldmdn di chafft. 
White clothes and ml^ns a dead loss.' — 
Prov, refers to men who wear white 
clothes and who have no right to do so. 

CHITTA f^l *.m. A leopard; a 
kind of medicine, a species of charditd, 

0HITTA»f^3a,.«. The buttock, the 


chittabkAb Ptfedot i d *. •!. A 

painter of pictures, an engraver, one who 

does ornamental carving in wood; a. 

Ornamented with painted figures (as a 

CHITTARKARf f^HUofT^ ,. /. 

Picture painting, ornamental carving, 
painting of any sort. 

CHITTARNA PtTddcS ' V. a. To paint 
pictures, to work figures in metals and on 
ornaments; to paint the &oe of a girl or 
a boy on festivals. 

CHITTA TASDf K (^ HW^ t. m. 

(If.) The preliminary statement of hold- 

CHITTHA f^^ 9. in. An aooount^ a 

memorandum of money paid; wages, 
especially of state servants ; a long letter j 
a story or couplets written on paper 
mended or folded:— <jA^W tdmi, v. a. To 
pay servants' wages, to pay a biU, to 
clear accounts. 


( 240 ) 


CHITTHf f^J^ e. /. A letter, a note ; 

a certificate, an order; scratching of the 
skin of human body by any previons 
hurts : — hui^i chiffM^ 9. /. A draft : — 
chittH de^i or p&wi^if v, a. To have re- 
course to law, to file a plaint. 

CHITTH^jA f^^^T V. a. To chew, to 
grind ; to crush, to destroy. 

CHITTf f^^ a., 9. /. Pem. of (7W^. 

The female of the bird called Idl or 9wrkh ; 
a sweetheart (in a bad sense.) 

CHITTf f^^ *. /. A small comt*, 

the back of which has been broken or 
worn, so that it will lie with face up, 
(used in play); a spot ; a mark of bak- 
ing on bread. 

CHlTTJirA ftJtf^l V. a. To apply colours 

(to a wall), to an ornament with pictures, 
to work figures (in metals.) 

OHITTBA ftTdd' 9.m. A leopard. 

CHITWAlirf (tJd<d1 «•/• Considera- 
tion, thought, cogitation ; care, anxiety ; 
i, q. Ohitamf^i ; c. to. lagg^. 

CEtlT^ CHf THjT ^^1^ '^f^ V. n. Peep- 
ing as a young chick or bird ; c. ir. kamd, 

CHIWAlHirA fti5g l QAi V. a. See 

CHO '^ 9. m, A creek, a rivulet ; a 

stick of wood partially burnt ; — (KJ) A 
water-fall in low hills, the bed of a 

CHOA '^tiV 8. m. Water-fall in drops 

or a stream (as trickling down the side 
of a rock or from a leaking roof), water 
oozing from an orifice ; — (M.) Water 
stratum: — chod chan^daii^ channa^^ 9. m. 
A perfume (musk, amhergr\9y safEron and 
the juice of the flowers of the Arbor trUtUy 
ground together to a paste). 

CHOB ^m 9, /. A stick, a club; a 

pole, a tent pole ; a mace ; drumstick : — 
chohehii^iy 9.f. A kind of medicine, a 

China-root {fimiUui Ohina^--chahdiry r. m. 
A mace bearer : — chobdan^y 9. /. The 
wife of a mace bearer: — ehobdMf9.f, 
The business of a mace beaoBr. 

CHOBAK 'Q^gC i. m. (K.) Trap door 

in ceiling leading to upper story by 

C7H0BAB '^^g 


plump person. 

CHOBBA ^IJV 9. m. Gonmpied front 

the Sanskrit word Chahtrvaidi. hi. A 
Bmhman, acquainted with the four Yedas 
but now applied indiscriminately to the 
Brahmans and especially to the attendr 
ants at the shrines of Mathra, Bindraban^ 
and Benares, notorious for their eating 
capacity ; — a. (in comp,) as, do ehothdj of 
two poles, supported, by two poles; ikh 
chohhd, of one pole ; tye. a tent supported 
by one pole. 

CHOBBf ^^) 

CHOBf ^ } " '^"^" 

CnOBH ^9.f. A perforation, a how 

made by piercing a puncture ; an inflam- 
mation of \he eye. 

CHOBHA ^91 9. m. FHoking, piercing', 

a perforation, a puncture; a dip, a 
diver, immersion; a dish composed of 
cooked rice, ghee and sugar ; the furnace 
of a sugar factory ; c. w. def^, Iduikd. 

CHOBHA^ i3si^ 9. f. A small per- 
foration, a very small hole made by prick- 
ing or piercing, a minute puncture. 

GHOBHf ^^ 9. f. (K.) The race of a 
water-mill by which water escapes. 

CHOBH^irA ^dsl^l V. a. To pierce, to 

perforate, to make a hole, to prick, to 


ff. m. One that pricks or 



( 241 ) 


CHOCHA ^ 8. m.)^*^^ accusation, 
CHOCHf :§^5./. C s^Picion, cal- 

•^ nixmy. 

CHOCHI.A ^tJM> *. «». Coquetry, 

plajfolness, blandishment, endearing arts 
and expressions, tojishness : — ehochlebdj, 
choehle hatthd, s, m. A man who deals 
in blandishments: — choehle kamd^ v. a. 
To practice blandishments. 

K 8. m. A man given to 

CHOD ^x^ 8. m. (used only in comp.) 

A fornicator; as, hhaifi chad (a pepetrator 
of incest with a sister; (a term of abuse); 
an imperative of v, a. Ohodad. 

CHOD^jA g^52T V. a. To have sexual 

intercourse with, to copulate; met to 
teaze, to irritate, to give much trouble ; 
to take hard work. 


CHOG ^^gi 8.f. The food given by 

. birds to their young, the food of birds in 
general ; plaiting; e. w. pduf^i; %. q. 

CHOGA ^0|i 8. m. Corrupted from the 

Persian word Chogjah. A long woolen or 
cotton coat with long sleeves ; a Mugal 
over-coat, a cloak. 

CHOGGA ^^ 8. m. Pood for birds 
in general. See Ghog. 

CHOGGHA ^§V -^8. m. Hollow 
CHOGGHB ^tIJ|jZ. ) places made with 

fingers in hot bread to pour ghee in them 
• to make it delicious, (used commonly in 
the plural) ; e. ip. M^^O^i hu^hfke. 

9^0SA CHAJSIDAS mP%^S)8. m. 

CHOHA CHANNAiir ^O l dAd ) See 
cM cha^^daa in Ohod. 


^- o. To peep (as the young of birds) ; 
to dazzle with splendid hues, to have 
a brilliant colour. 

CHOHL iStiih ) «. m. Cheer, laugh- 
CHOHUL ^35 ling, jollity, 


ment, amusement; c. to, kamd; i, a. 
Chuhul ^ 

CHOHULBAJ ^Urt^l ' H *. m. 
CHOHULAS ^0353 8. f. 
CHOHULl ^^ ,. ni. 

A cheerful, merry, jovial person. 
CH0HU5 ^^ a. Vexy sour. 

CHOI tic I 8. /. A narrow passage in 
the hills, a defile ; a small stream of water. 

CHOlA ^f^np 8.m. See Ohod. 

CHOICr ;§fe3 ,. /. UefuBe in cotton, 
cotton with particles of the leaves of the 
plant mixed with it ; t. q. Cho^. 

CHOJ ^^8. m. Subtleness; beauty, 

luxury pleasure, delight; coquetry, 
bland^hment. ^ 

CHOJAl? ^tTS /. |a. Subtle; 
CHOjf ^?ft ^, Jbeautiful, 

luxurious; one who lives in pleasure- a 
coquette. ' 

CHOK BSr 8, TO. A kind of medicine 
used for curing the itch (especially in 
camels) ; stabbing, piercing, pricking. 

CHOKA tJO(» 8. TO. A wound made by 
piercing a small trident iron (used to 
pierce or prick mangoes or pieces of 
meat, Ac., before cooking) ; a person 
employed to weed a field ; in the first 
sense; c. w. de^d, mdr^d, 

CHOKAS #5rS V. a. (Jf.) To hoe. 

CHOKAR #ora *./. Bran ; altercation. 

CHOKABf ^oT^ s. TO. A reasoner, a 

dispnter, a wrangler. 
CHOKf ^oft t.f. (Jf.) Hoeing, weeding. 

CHOKKHA ^V a. Qood,pnre.genn^ 
me, fine, choice; much, sufficient. 


( 242 ) 


GHOEEHI ^^«/ Goodness, parity, 


5T ) *. m. 
pL ) (Gic 

(3f., £!.) Gh*aiii 
icer orMtfium); i. q. 

mineness, excellence ;- 
[ee Ohokkhd; %. q. Ohukhdi. 

CHOKNA ^ofST V. a. To pierce, 

to siab ; to plant seeds by making a little 
hole in the ground ; to prick (pastry, 
moat or fruit, &o.) before cooking it. 

OHOEUB ^oT? s. /. Bran; reasoning, 

altercation, disputation; a tc. kamd; f. 9. 

CnOKTJRf ^oidl s. m. A reasoner, a dis- 
puter, a wrangler. 

CHOLA dftl 8, m. A kind of coat, a long 

coat, a cloak ; the body : — chold hadalfkdi 
V. a. To transmigrate : — choU chha44^% 
V. n. To die. 

cholA ^951 

CHOLE :§^ 

GHOLHA ^35? g, m. A dainty:— 

choUieKir^ chdhehdrd, cholhehdri^ 9. m. /. 
A por^n who eats dainties stealthily. 

CHOLf ^30l «•/• A short gown worn 

by women reaching only to the waist, 
and covering their breast only, a waist 
coat, a jacket ; the body of a gown, the 
upper part of a g^armcnt ; a boddioe. 

CHOLNA ^M^I 17. a. To eat, to eat 

a mouthful of sweetmeat, or a little date 
at the end of performing certain religious 

OHOL^A ^3S? «. m. See Ohdli. 

CHOLTAL ^M^ljrb 8. m. (K.) Hindi 
kitchen or room of the chidhd ; t. 9. BmoI. 

CHOMAhA BHRT '• ^- See Chumdhd. 
CHOMAsA ^U'Tn 9. m. See OkumM. 

CHO^ ^5«./. Refuse of cotton ;— (If .) 

a cotton picker ;— a. GkUihered, picked, 
selected, chosen. 

CHOI? fe ) r i /""ii.?^]!!' ^ *^' 

^ ^^ ( tract (milk) from a mil- 
CHOljrA ^giSJ)^y plant or tree;— «.«. 

To leak, to drop down. 

CHOftlDtJ '^^ 8. m. One who is expert 

in hitting a mark; met. one who eats 
what belongs to another; one who ob- 
tains an object without labour. 

CHONGGf^^^ •. /. Toll i-'-^^hnnggi 

kami^ V. a. To take toll, to obtain pro- 
fit ; i. q* Chwj^gqt, 

GHO^f ^3^ 8. f. A cotton picker; 

picking cotton. 

CHOP ^l| 8. m. A kind of red cotton 

shawl with a silk embroidered edge worn 
by women. 

GHOPA '^ip 8. m. (If.) The manner 

of sowing cotton seeds done by hands : — 
ehopd ndl^ v. fi. To sow rubbing the earth 
with the hand or a small brush gently 
oyer the seeds. 

CHOPA^ ^HSf t. HI. Grease, butter. 

GHOPA^f ^l|^ a. Smeared with oil, 

anointed ; buttered (bread) : — ndle do do 
ndle chopafidi^. lit. Two (breads) and 
buttered. — ^Prov used of those who are 
anxious to get many good things at a 

GHOPAl^^A ^If^S^ V. a. To smear 
with oil, to butter, to anoint. 

GHOP$A ^§lf^ 8. m. A division of 


GHOB ^^8.ffu A thief, a pilfer; eoa- 
pioion, doubt, mistrust. 

OHO^hA 'Q^ t. m., a. {U) Proiraoted 

painful illness ; failing, (used of a well 
which ^ves little wat^) ; — ^^MMa dd 
changgd ie pdnii ddehofhd. Good to look 
at, but faifing in water.-^Prov. 

OHOBf ^^ 8. /. Theft, stealing, em- 
bezslement; hiding, ooaoealment ^—<dk)^( 


< 243 ) 


chahdri^ 8. f. Theft t-^hori yM chdkarl 
bdjh waaile ndK Theft, adultery and em- 
ployment cannot be oommitted or got 
without mediation. 

chobtA ^;2?,. 

oHOBTf §g^ 

8. m. ) 

A thief, a pilfer. 

CHOSSA -^rtV 5. m. ") A file; an i 
CHOSSf ^^ ,./. ) menttoci 


ent the 

pages of a book equal ; — a. Good, nice, 
fine ; delicious : — chaMgd cJ^ossd. a. De- 


A thief. 

CHOT ^xZ 8. /. A blow, contusion, a 

wound, an injury, a hurt, a stroke; a 
damage ; an ornament worn on the crown 
of the head by a child : — chot kami or 
W«©<, f?. a. To hurt, to give a' blow, to 
bite; to cast a spell or charm: — ehof 
kJidf^i or laggtti, v. n. To get hurt, to 
receive a blow ; to suffer a damage or 
loss ; to come under charm or spell : — 
nagire M chof ndl^ ad. Publicly, openly. 

CHOfA ^§;JT 8. m. (M.) A strip of cloth 

between the legs attached to a string 
about loins. 

CHOTA ^ 8. 

CHOTf #^ 

CHOTf ^§^ 8, /. (MO Rent, (sometimes 
used for rent instead of Lich). See Lich. 

CHOTI^A ^3ST a. Light, trifling, 
mean, contemptible. 

CHOTfA ^•^gl^.w. ) A top, peak, sum. 

CHOfTf ^^ B.f. ) mit ; a large 

lock of hair on the crown of the head, 
the top of the head 5 i. q. Boddd, Boddu 

CHUAf ^y>|T^ '•/• Compensation for 

milking; the wages for dropping, drip- 
ing or distilling ; the wages of a porter. 

CHUAlS^ ^)|>{I B. i»i. (K.) A oomsca- 

tion, a meteor, a falling star ; a corusca- 
tion made by lighting one end of a 
stick and twirling it round ; a canal in 
Muzzaf argarh is fancifully named Ohudn ; 
». g. Ghc, ChuatL 

CHtjAl!? ^^H^ *. m. A young melon 

cucumber, pumpkin or other fruit of that 

CHUAjjrf gW^) 8.f. A four anna 
CHUAlir^rf girjj^ 3 piece. 

OHUApf ^YM^ 8. f. A pole, a bamboo 

used for i-aising a load to be deposited 
on the back of a beast of bui'den ; a polo 
or bamboo used for sailing a boat, a 
setting polo ; a stick of wood partially 

CHUATf §yM^ 8.f. dim. of Oho. A 

splinter or small stick burnt at one end, a 
brand (whether burning or extinguish- 
ed): — ehudU Idun^^ r. ». To ignite, to 
exdte ; i. q, GhawdH. 

OHUAUIJA gnpfS»v.a. To cause to 

djnop or drip ; to distil ; to draw off ; to 
milk ; to cause to raise or lift a burden, 
to help one to lift a load. 

GHUBAGHCHA tJlJVjl 8. m. A smaU 

reservoir of mason work, commonly adja- 
cent to a well ; i, q, Chabctchchd. 

CHTJBAbA ^efid> 9, m. An upper 
story of a house with a flat roof .. 

CHUBBHf B^«./. Immersion, a dip, 
diving ; e. tr. Idw^i, mdn^. 

CHUBH ^g 8, m. (Tot) A hurt or stroke 

in the eye : — chuhh ^kdfkd^ v. a. To per- 
form a ceremony by which a hurt is 
supposed to be removed from the eye ; 
i. q. Chahhold, JhahJiold. 

CHUBHAf '^3^ 9.f. Piercing, prick- 

CHUBHAK ggST 8.f. I A pierdng 

OHUBHKA tJdo(I 8. m. ) pain ; a sud- 
den pang. 

CHUBHAlHirA d^lQc!;' v. a. (cans, of 

Chuhhad.) To pierce, to prick, to per- 
forate, to puncture. 


( 244 ) 


CHTJBHKf ^35(1 ^ /. Immersion, a dip ; 

a piercing pain ; a kind of arabesque or 
ornamental work of goldsmiths, jewellers, 

CHUBHi?A B3S» v,n. Tobesirackor 

thrnst into, to pierce, to bo pricked, to be 
pierced, goaded, or stabbed. 

CHtJ CHA gtd' 8* in,, ) A young one, an 

CHtJCHf H^ 8, /. 3 infant ; a wo- 

man's breast (applicable when unusually 

CHUCHCHAg^|a. Bleareyed, sore 

CHUCHCHl ^^) (the eyes.) 

CHUCHCHDR 5%U a. Heavy and 

strong, robust, coarse. 

CHUCHKAnA ddofW »./. (M) The 
name of a tribe. 


a. pi. Bleareyed, sore (the eyes); t. q, 

CHUDAf dt!>i/l«./. The price of pros- 

CHUDAK g^ToT I 8. /. m. A 

CHUDAKAL '^S^ySCR person given 
CHUDAKA^ g^Torar tovenery; a 
CHUDAKKAL g ^Tottt libidinous, 
CHUDAKKA9 ^^5f3 J lustful person. 

CHUDAl^D B^ a. Angry, ready to 
fight or quarrel ; c. w. h^d, 

CHUDARf g^ 8. /. A house with four 
doors, one on each sides ; %.q. ChaudaH. 

CHCTDAS g^ 8. m. \ 

CHUDAsA B^W*. m. I Copulation, 

CHUDAsf §5!jft5./. J ^®^^^y. 

CfllJDAlHirA ^tf'Qii' »• a- To act the 

rake, to act lewdly; Yiri amplexibwu «s 
8ubmiUere {mulier,) 

CHUpp ^%«./. Vulva. 

CHUppO ^g^5./. A whore, aproBt£tnte, 
(a term of abuse to women) ; t. q. Jkuddo. 

CHUpptf ^g^ 8. m. (?i^. of or belonging to 

Ohu44) A term of abuse or reproach, 
applied particularly to a man who winks 
at immoralities on the part of his wife ; 
t. q. Jhud^4. 

CHUDHRAf dMd>^ ) s. f. The office 

CHUDHRAIT d^d>Qf 6 ) ^^ ^ork of a 

CHUDHRAH? BXra^feS)*. /. The 

CHUDHRA^f ^^d'Al Jwife of a 

CHUDHRAMMA gxrair s. «."! The 
CHUDHRAMMAlSI%XraH'*«»- j^^^s^- 

chudhrAt d^d'd s. /.J ^/ " 


CHUDWAf g^^T^ 8.f. The price or 
wages of prostitution. 

OHUDWAUiirA dtJ^'Qcb' «• «• To 
cause to copulate ; i, q. Ohuddunkd. 

CHUDWAYYA B?^ 8. i». A man 
given to venery, a libidinous person. 

CHUG AD B^\ti ) ^.w. An owl, a screech- 

nrrrrn a t ^. C ^^^ » * backbiter, 

OHUGAL gaiM) a telltale; a pebble 

to fill up the hole of a chilam of a huqqd:— 
chugal bdj, chugal khor, 8. m. A back- 
biter, a tattler i—chagalbdj4, chugal khori, 
9* /. Backbiting, tattling. 

CHUGAf do|i^«./. Compensation for 
pasturing, feeding. 8ee Ohugnd. 

CHUGAl! UgnasJ,./. (if.) Chewing 
the cud ; i. q. JuffdU, VgdlL 


( 245 ) 


CHUGAN ^OTTS »• «*• -^ open plain, an 
open square in a city. 

CHUGAJJI ^dHt^n »• Plaited (a huqqi 

CHUGATUJA tJdl'6dl «• «• To pasture 

(cattle), to feed (birds) ; to cause to be 
selected or chosen ; to cause to be picked 
(as cotton.) 

CHUGGHAL B^X|^ a. Reamed out so 
as to be too light (a rupee or other coin.) 

CHUGHABA ^[U|^«. m. A house with 

rooms, on the four sides of an open court ; 
a kind of cardamom with four divisions. 

CHUGIRD drdldtf tid.y prep. Round 
about, on the four sides. 

CHUG LAllgA B13T ^S' v. a. See 

CHUGLf ^dl^ './. Backbiting, tat- 

tling : — chugU khdfk(^ v. n. To backbite, to 
tattle : — ekugUkhor, s. m. A backbiter, 
a telltale: — chuglikhorii «./. Tattling, 

CHUG^A ddid' «• »• To peck, to pick 

up food with the beak ; to plait (cloth); 
to eat, to graze ; to select, to choose ; to 
pick (as cotton) ; to rifle, to strip (as a 
thief) ; to pluck or pull out (hair) ; t. q. 
Chug laif^a. 

CHTJGWAf ^dl<>^ 9. /. Compen- 
sation for pasturing cattle, or feeding 
birds; compensation for picking (as cot- 
ton) ; compensation for culling, plucking 
out, picking up or pulling out any thing 
(especially hair.) 

CHUGWAUijA ^dK^Q^I V. a. To 

cause to be pastured; to cause to be 
picked up (food by birds) ; to cause to be 
plucked or pulled out (as hair) ; to cause 
to be selected or chosen ; to cause to 
be picked (as cotton) ; to cause to be 
rifled or stripped (as by thieves.) 

CHt^HA tJiJi «. f». A rat, a mouse ; a 

dry mucus from the nose: — ckAhemdr^ 
8, m. A kind of bird : — ch4he,dai^ pau^h- 
ehl, 8. /. A kind of bracelet consisting 
of beads like a rat's teeth strung in silk. 

CHUHAef ^§vrS «• ^- ^ caste of Bdj- 

CHtJHAljrpf tjlj^ «• /• A pinch ; i. q. 

CHUHAljf 'tJd>^ «• /• A kind of liquor 

mixed with certain spices, drunk by 
women after childbirth ; i, q, Ghhuiif^i. 

CHUHARHTA '^d^<^l 8. m. A well 
with four Persian wheels in it. 

CHUHASMA ^d'llHV )a. Having 

CHUHASMAlSr ^UTTWf I four sto- 
ries (a house), pertaining to the fourth 

CHUHATTA ^ifef *. i». A market 
square, a market where four roads meet. 

CHUHATTAR Bld^ a- Seventy four. 

CHUHATTARWAlJI ^0^^ a. Seventy 

CHUH GHUHAUsA ^ddd'Qd' f . n: 
To chirp, to peep, to sing, to warble. 


V. n. To be of a deep red ; to chirp, to 
peep (as a chick or young bird.) 

CHl^Hf ^01 8. /. A rat, a mouse. 

CHt^HMAR ^UH^ '. ni. The name 

of a bird that preys on field mice ; a 
mouse trap. 

CHIJhsA ddiji *. m. I The name of a 
CHtJH^f gg^ 8. /. ) very low caste, 

whose busmess is sweeping, a sweeper ; 
riMt, a person of very despicable nature :— » 
chuhfi 8arochj 8. /. A herb used medi- 


( 2M > 


CHUHTI BUct *•/• Kokmg cotton to 
pieces wiw the fingers. 

CHUHUB ^g? 9. m. A wonnd made 
by piercing, a perforation. 

OmJHUBSA gg^^r r. a. To pierce, 
to perforate ; ». g. Ohahhnd. 

CHUHUL figSS «. m. Laughing, merri- 

ment, jollity, festivity, joy, mirth, cheer ; 
ridicule ; c w. kami. 

UUUUUIiA^^g^S^ /. la. Meiry, 

CmUhuLI tJ0d6l ••• 3 joyous, one 
who langhs or ridionlss. 

CHUHUB ggg a. Verysonr. 

CHuJ tJff «, m. A hawk nider a year 
old, a hawk that has not yet hunted. 

CHt^jA df|l t. m. Cormpted from the 

Persian word Oh4sah, A yonng fowl or 
bird; a delicate, handsome man under 
the age of twenty. 

CHtfK ^cT t. /. Error, blunder, mis- 
take; — t. m, (Pot.) A comer of a 
ehaddar at dopaffd. 

OHITK BoT «./.(Pot.) AthruBt(with a 
pointed instrument or stick) ; t . g. HujjJL 

CHtf KA ^SP t. m, A kind of yege- 
table used as greens. 

CHUKAf §o(l^ «./• The price of rais- 
ing a thing ; raising. 

CHUKAnA ^clWv. o. See ChmUu^ 

OHUKATH ^Sn3 •• /• 1^0 frame of 

anything, consisting of four pieces of 
timber, as of a door, a bedstead ; met. the 
bodily frame (of a man, horse.) 

CHUKATHA ^o(16> «• •»* The small of 
the back, the loins (of a man, horse). 

CHUKAUSrA ^o(iQd> r.o. To cause 
to bo raised; to make an end of; to kill » 

to pay ; to settle, to decide (a cause), io 
adjust (the price of a thing), to dear 
accounts, to discharge (debt). 

OHUKAUrf ^of«jt «./. The snm agreed 
upon as the price of a thing. 

OHUKAwA ^Sn? »• ni. The rent of a 

village or district, the price agreed upon 
for anything, fixed price. 

cation, enticement. 

CHTIKHAf B^f^ €. /. Purity, good- 
ness, genuineness, excellence ; uq. OhokkiL 

CHUKHth^jA ^[^tP a. Quadrangn- 
lar; %. q. Ohaukh4njd. 

CHUKK TgiS[ 8.f. An error, a mistake, 

amiss; c io. Aoa^; acrook in the backus 
stoop ; a strain in the loins; e. w» pats^ i-^ 
hhuU ehukk^ B.f. A mistake, an errorr^ 
chMkk lotai, V. a. See Ohukk^d, 

CHUKKA Bop $.m. AHnd ofv^- 
table used as greens ; u g^ Ohdki. 

CHUKKH "^ki 8. f. A smaU pieeeof 
gold, silver, copper, or other metal* 

CHUKKHBBD^ ^ ft^ od Ev«T 

moment, constantly, incessantly; u 9* 

CmjKK?jA BSrS^r. a. To raise, to 

lift up, to take up; to induce, toexdte* 
to parsuade ; to undertake ; to finish r' 
V. a. To miss, to foi^t, to err: to 
slip or escape (from the memory) ; to be 
adjusted (the price of a thing} ; to be 
finished ; to be discharged (debt) ; also 
ekukk tota^ 

GHt^KLA ^fS{?SV K M, The hip, the 
CBj6K}$k ^qTS? } rump. 

CHXJKSAf gsrHf^ t. /. Wariness, at- 
tention, oiroumspeotion, watohfalnesBi 
alecinses, cautaon. 


( 247 } 



CHUEtf.(^A d^^l a. Qnadxangiilar. 

CHUKWAf dot^llO «• /. The price 

of raising or lifting a thing; raising, 
lifting up. 

CHUKWAUBrA ^c^^ i QA' v- «• To 
cause to be lifted ; to cause to be adjusted 
(the ]»ice of a thing). See Chukdu^d. 

CHttL ^25 *. /- The pivot part of a 

hinge, a tenon : — ch4hvtng{ haiyi, v. n. lit. 
To be crooked (a tenon)- met. to be angry, 
to be displeased, to be ill. 

CHttLA ^95^ 9. m. The hip bone ; the 
upper part of an ox yoke. 

CHXTLA ^995? $. 7». A haadfnl ; wash- 
ing the month after eating, gargling; 
c. w. hamd. 

GHULAI ^^I^ 8.f. A kind of greens. 

chttlbulA B2Sng95T | ». w. a 

CHULBPLfA ^ j^S^I W ) res 1 1 e s s, 

nervous person, one whose whole frame 
is agitated. 

chulbulAt ^A§9S><! } »' /• Flut- 

CHULBULf dtt^j^ 3tering,rest. 

CHULBULATJ^A ^^ib^J6 ' Q£ t v.n. 
To fluttez, %} be restlesT; %. q. CktUchw 

CHUIiCHUL ^95B9S *. /. The sound 
produced by water dropping at intervals 
(spoken of obstructed urine); fluttering, 
restlessness; wantonness. 

chulchulAu^A ^<M>d^6'QA » v. n. 

To flutter, to be restlessT to be agitated, 
to spring nervously as one does when 

CHULCKJLf §W§ji(t.#. /. Flutter- 
ing, restlessness. ** 

CHULB !?§) ,^ BeeChMllU 

CHULHA gjy) 

CHULf ^[9^ «./. The hand so arranged 

as to hold water; a handful: — chuU 
bhar^ ad. Am much as a handful, a full 
chuU : — rJiuU kamd^ v. a. To gargle : — 
ehuU pdundf or chhaif4^y or dea^^ v. a. 
To devout, to consecrate ; to declare a 
purpose of abstinence from anything ; to 
avoid, to forsake, to resign : — chuU hohrl^ 
9. /. (?.) Maize {Zea moM.) 

chulihAb Bftsorg ,. m. /. The 

owner of a fire-place, a baker. 

CHTJLLAlSrGNA gftd l A » r. a. {Fot.) 
To draw irater oat of « oiatem aad well ; 

-^ -^ J. A fire-plaee. 

CHUMAhA BWU') «. «. Ponnnonths' 

CHUMAHAljJBHIUrJ pay , ,-. j. Ofa. 

CHUMAsA B>0W*. m. The four 
months included in the rainy season; 
i. e. HdrK Sdwan, Bhddoi^, Ats4, (from 
the middle of June to the middle of 
October); %. q. ChonuUd. 

CHUMAXHirA BWf3?tt.a. To cause 
to be kissed. *^ 

CHUMMA ^s.m. A kiss. 

CHUMMJirA BWS»«^. a. To kiss:- 

ehummiid chaffnd, v. a. To kiss and 
liok ; to love groatly. 


faces or sides (i^]oken particularly of a 
lamp with four wicks on opposite sides) ^ 
having four comeni. ' 

CHUMUTOA BlJS^f t;. a. To be en- 

gaged in close combat ; to be engaged 
in any work; %. q. Juff^. 

/ a. Having 


( 248 ) 


GHt^N ^3 8' m- ^eal, bran ; dast, fil- 
ings : — cMn hh4n^ 8. m. Bran, any coarse 
remains from grinding wheat or other 
grain ; met poor, coarse food. 

CHuliJf 'S 8. /. (P.) A creaking sound 

produced by friction against any hard 
metal, a sonnd produced by breaking 
wind ; — ad. Why, wherefore ; — v. n. To 
question, to object : — ch4n-ch4n, 8. f. The 
sound made by children beginning to 
speak ; the peeping of chickens ; refusal, 
denial : — ch4^ cMn^ 8. /. The notes of a 
sparrow, the chirp of birds. 

CHuNA ^^1 8, m. Lime of a coarse 

quality: — eh4ne gachch,^ a. Cemented 
with Ume. 

CHU^Al ^dl^ t. /. Plaiting; the 
price of plaiting, selecting, picking. 

CHtJNA^f ^Afj) \s. f. A kind of red 

CHUNAftf tJAv^ ) '^oil worn by wo- 
men; %. q. Ghunni. 

CHU^jAUT ^d>Q^ «• / Plaiting 

clothes ; the work of a brick layer, pil- 
ing up. 

GHtJljjp ^3 8. f. Tearing flesh from 

boiies with the teeth, pulling to pieces, 
gnawing; sucking the breast without 
obtaining any milk ; fleecing one who is 
poor already. 

CHUlSrp ^^ )»./. (M,) An angle, a 

CHUl^pn/^ ) comer of a house and 

CHt^ljiipA wSP t. m. A knot of hair 

on a person's head ; hair braided on the 
top of the head; the comb of a cock. 

CHUiypAlUjA ^^>Qd* V. a. To cause 
to be hit (a mark.) 

CHtJ^jjpAutjA ^iflQd' ^' «• (Cans, 
of Chtu^i^) To cause to be pulled to 

OHWDHA ^tp a. Bleareyed, having 
weak eyes ; ». q, Chunnah. 

CHUlSrDHAK ^TlSr *• /- Btarlii^j 
c. uf, Idufkif laggi&i 

CHtJlSIpHf ^^«./. Pinching, taking 
up the skin between the thumb and 
finger :— c&lif^M bhanki or waddkf^ v. a. 
To cut the skin stretched with the finger 
and thumb: — eh4nfhi pd^^i^ ^\^ "^^ 
put a draught of medicine with tJie 
finger and thumb into the sore eyee. 

CHtfljipf '^^8./. (dim. ofOMhf4d.y A 
small knot of hair on the head of a 

CHU^PSA ^QlWS^v.a. To hit a mark 

with a gulel or a gun, or with cawfis; 
met to obtain an object with labour. 

CH6^PI?A ^^^I v. a. To pull to 
pieces, to tear flesh from a Jlx)ne with the 

. teeth, to gnaw, to craunch bones (aa a 
dog) ; to suck the breast without obtain* 
ing any milk; to fleece one who is poor 

CHtJNE^!f §# 8. m. pi (M.) The 

hair of the head :— tiatrf* nuuU W» rang 
laggd, mihnil hai^hde rod^: cM«e» te 
intor kartn, jtun dichl de tode. The new 
mosque has been painted, the bald collect 
and take their seats ; like the young of 
a camel, they refuse to wear hair. — Song. 

CHUISIQ ^&gi 8. /. A small portion of 

anything ; a small portion of grain and 
cotton and bran, &c., brought to a shop to 
buy something in exchange of them ; 
a sample ; a company of persons ; the part 
of a grist taJcen . by the miller f-^ 
(if.) A handful ; that share of the crop 
which undeiT former Governments was 
paid to the haiwdl or incumbents of 
shrines either by Governments or land- 
owners. It is still g^ven in some parts 
to incumbents of shrines : — pheran ai iH 
te chw^ ghaian dihushutH. What! un- 
able to turn (the handmill) and clever 
at putting in handfuls of grain. — Prov. 

CnUlljrGGHAf ^dup;^ «./. a wetnorse; 
the wages of a wetnurse. 

GHU1iirGGHA]G[A ^UIS* V. a. To snok 
(milk.) ^ 


( 249 ) 



CHUNGGf ;§fgft *. f. An office where 

town duties are collected ; town duties ; 
a tax levied on merchants by weighmen, 
being a handful of whatever is weighed, 
the handful of grain from a horse's feed 
taken bj the sou, a small portion of any- 

CHt^NG^rt jjl^^ 8, f. Anything given 
to children to'suck for amusement. 

C Ht^Nf g^ 8. /. The dust and frag- 
ments of precious stones ; the dust of 
bruised puLse. 

CHt^Nf AGt^ND gj^lW^^ s. /. A 
kind of gum. * "" 

CHU^J ^tT «./. The bill or beak of 

a bird ; anything bill shaped : — chunj 
bhanaiy dohtk^y 17. n. To peck; — chunj 
mdr^iy V. n. To peck ; met. to fight with 
each other. 

CHU^?NA BSS^ V' CL, To plait (clothes) ; 

to build up in layers (as a mason) ; to 
select, to choose; to pick (as cotton) ; to 
put in order. 

CHUNNHA ^251 a. Bleareyed, having 

weak eyes, blinking, seeing with the eyes 
half closed, dimsighted. 

CHUNNf ^?^ ^ 5. /. A child's vail or 

CHUNRf dAcflJ shawl, a small vail; 

a kind of embroidered vail or shawl worn 
by married girls on their marriage days, 
other festivals and on occasions of joy 
and merriment ; a kind of red veil worn 
by women. 

CHU^T BS3 «• /• Plaiting clothes ; 

CHU^Tf dd^ «. /. Plaiting; piling 
up; selection. 

CHU^IWAN B2^ a. Selected, select, 

HUPAf BV^ «•/• A verse consist-. 

ing of four feet ; sucking (sugar-cane, 
mangoes) ; i. q. GluypiL 

HUPAiA ^fyifey>ff 8. m. A quadruped. 

HUPAK W4i^ 8. m. The peel of sugar- 

CBXLB which is sucked ; one who sucks 

HUPATT Btfe a. Lying flat; fallen 

on the back ; — ad. Suddenly; violently: — 
chauf chupatt hcjdx^d, ho^a^ v. n. To be 
mined, to be brought to povei-ty ; to be 
destroyed, to be wasted, to be injured : — 
chupatt mdn[id, v. n. To throw down vio- 
lently on the back ; to destroy ; — chupatt 
inikaliad, v. n. To arrive suddenly. 

CHUPATTA WJr?P ) a., 8. m. f. Hav- 

CHUPATTf Btf^ 3 ^^S ^^^ leaves 

springing from the same point, four' 
leaved (a plant) ; paper folded into four to, 
write accounts upon. 

CHUPAUNA ^V@3f I ti. a. To cause 

CH^PAUlilA mjlQ^I 3 to suck (sugar 
cane), to cause to be sucked. 

CHUPHAL B^raS a. Having four 

comers (as a brick) : — chuphdl diggtid or 
jd pained, V. n. To fall with the hands 

CHUPHER H^) ad. On all sides; 

CHUPHERE g§^ 3 1. q. Ghophere. 

CHt^P LAI^A gij;!^ST| V. a. * To suck 

CHlJPiirA gilS' 3 (sugar-cane 

or fruit). 

CHUPP Bif «./. Silence, stillness ;~a. 

Silent, still : — inter. Hush ! silence ! 
peace ! ; — chupp chdn, chupp chdp, chupp 
chupdtd, chupp chupltd^ a., ad. Silent ; si- 
lently ; secretly, stealthily ; peaceably : — 
chupp hitdy chupp karitd, a. Silent, per- 
verse, refractory, restive, cross, obstinate, 
pert : — chfipp kamd, v. n. To be still : — 
chupp rahind, v. n. To be silent : — chupp 
clwr, a. {M.) Perveree, not disposed to 



( 250 ) 


CHXJPBAI ^l^f^ »• /. Bmeffiring, 
axvoiiiting ; compensation for the fiame. 

to be smeared wiih^^ or oil, to cause to 
be tf&ointed. 

CHUB, ^^l^ftf./. Afirephoeemadebydig- 

Sing a hole in the gron»d : — okur ka^r- 
te^l'<4^ tkfk To make<aack« fire 

CHTJft 53 «./- Vulva- 

CduB ^^ B. m. Pieces, hti^gments ; pow- 
der, filings, atoms : — chir hojdtkd. AofKf , 
V. n. To be broken to pieces ; to become 
tired, to be ezhaustoa; to be flagged 
out : — eh4r kami^ v. a. To break to pieces ; 

CHt^RA ^g^ I ^ m. Gkuabs, 

CHt? RA BHtfB A^^M^ i ) pieces, frag. 

ments, filings : — eh4ird ch4rd hamd^ v. n. 
To braise, to powder. 

€nt$$A ^^) 8, m. A set of brace- 

CRtljL ^^ 3 lets extending £rom the 

wrist up the forearm, bangles made of lac, 
ivory worn by women: — ch4jrgar^ a. w. 
One who makes or sells bangles of ivory. 

CHUBAhA ^^101 i. m. Gross roads, 

the place where two roads intex^iect each 


CHURAl dd'M «• ^' A kind of field pea 
(LaihyruB aaJtiwu). 

CHt^BAN t5^C% \ 9* ^' Fine medicine 

CHt^BA^ tidd S ni«ed together given 
to promote digestion. 

CHUBA^rO ^3dl '• m- The fonr limbs 

tied together; (a preliminary to the eat- 
ing olE of a goat's head in sacrifice) ; eat- 
ing off the head and feet of an animal 

Bit one blow ; cutti^ withsnch dextferitj 
as to prevent the escape of a bird that liaa 
been let go beneath : — ckarOMg raJckhm^ 
9, a. To injar one by deception ; to throw 
down (in wrestling) -, c. a. fcofMi — ^'*'*^ 


CHXrBAl|?JjA ^[&fn a. Fifty foiir. 

cmjBAijjwA^ bSrh^ •• *'»*^ 


obkibAijmes ^dF<5^ ) *• 
cmmAfirwBisi ^^i^$* ) ft>«p- 

CHUBA5 MTJBA5 ^ds^i^d^ ^ 
Withered, warped, bent, twisted. 

OHTTBAsC dd^iQ «• Eighty four ; 
Hinda mythology, the 84,00,000 (births, 
to which sinfal mortals are doomed): — 
churiisi or churJM lakkh, s.f. AH the 
varieties or different stages of *r»8- 
migration: — churisi hhogi^, «. »• ^o 
undergo all the transmigrations of one 8 
fate, to be panished for one's sins: — 
ehurdii kajfi jdnd, *c#|i, ». »• To be 
saved, to get salvation. 

OHUBASTA ^dMd^ s. m. See C*«- 

CHU5AUt?A ^fil@^1 V. a. To widen. 

CHUBAU^A ^d'Qd' ^- «• '^o «*^ ^ 
take away, to take captive. 

CHUBCHUBA ^d^d' «• ^' A species 
of very smuU bird: a great talker. 

CHU5EL B^9S »• /. A witeh ; a hag ; a 
ghost of the woman who died while preg- 
nant or in child-birth ; a fory, harridan, 
beldam ; a dirty or ngly woman. 

GHUBQ ^cIBI «•/• Chirping. 

GHUBOA^A ^ddlfl »• *• To chirp; 

to speak as childn^n. do when beginxiing 
to talk. 

CHUflHAMM ^UUH «• «»• Acting like 
a sweeper ; foolish and shameful conver- 
sation or conduct. 


< 251 > 


C7HU5HAN ^^ V. w. (M,) To be ill 
of a lingering and painfnl disease. 


lOJJT V, n, (M,) To die a lingering 

death : — thdlld ehufh chufh maren. Qod 
grant yon may die a lingering death ! — 

CHtJRf '^^ 8. f. A kind of food ; bread 

broken and mi^ed up with sugar and 
ghee ; c. w, kaml^ kufthfki 

CW6^i ^^ 8. f. A bracelet of gold or 

silver, a bangle made of lac, or ivory, or 
glass worn by women on forearm : — (^i4ft' 
gar^ s, m. One who makes or sells bangles 
of lac : — ch^i saroch^ 8. /. A kind of 
herb nsed medicinally. 

CHURK^jA ^do(d* V' n., 8. m. To 

chirp ; chirping of birds ; met, to speak, 
to atter a word slowly. 

CRISrmA '^^J^ 8. m, A dish consisting 

of bread broken and mixed up with ghee 
and sngar ; a dish prepared by Hindus 
on the occasion of nutking vows. 

CHtjRNA ^[UJSt V. a. To break into 

small pieces (bread), to make tbe kind of 
food called eh^rmd, or chM. 

CHtJs B7I 9. m. Sacking. 
CHUSAf ^W>i\ 8.f. Sucking (fruit.) 
CHUSAK ^lilo( 8. m. A sucker. 
CHtfSAlilA ^n^tr. a. To suck. 

CHUSAlHirAgjn§3Ti,.a. To cause to 
suck (fmit.)'* 

cmjsKAiirA gjrsnST r. fi. <Pot.) to 

speak, to utter a word ; i. q. J^tuhawd. 
CHUSKA^f BTfoT^ a/, a sip. 

OHUBKABf A ^USr^W 8. wt. A si|). 
per, one who sips. 

CHXJSMA ^7nr 8, m, Oairnpbod from 

the Persian word Cha8hfnah, A fountain; 
t. q. Ghasmd. 

CHtf SyA dJ4d' V- «• *^ STick. 

GHtJS^f ^i\^8.f. A sucking instru- 

CHTJST ^7!3 a. Active, clever, fleet, 
vigorous; ingenious; tight; lively. 

CHtJsTA dl^^l 8. i». The hip, the 

rump, the frame work of the body ; a 
skeleton: — ch^8ti htllnd^ v. n. To be 
lean and weak : — chluitd nikal dw^^ v. H, 
To be so thin that the bones all show. 

CHUSTf BTT^ #. /. Vigor, activity ; 
ingenuity ; tightness ; adroitness, alertness. 

CHt^T "^gj 8. /. Vulva, pudendum muli" 

CHUT B3 *. ti*. (M.) The anus ; the 

part of a carrot, turnip, radish, dxs., 
where the top and the root join ; i. q. 

CHUTA ^^iS^s.m. (M.) A gall on the 

back of a horse or ass. Also used meta- 
phorically : — te^ vi ehufd 8arhdr kareifde* 
The Grovemment is gallmg even you too. 

CHUTAR ^^Id 8, m. Four threads 

together ; cloth woven with four threads 
together ; music having four beats in a 
measure, sUng to the style' of poetry 
called kabitt. 

CHUTArA H3^ «• Of four threads 
(cloth) ; belonging to the kind of tune 
oalled <^fUdr, 

CHUTA?! ^3^ 8. f. (dim. of Chuttaf) 
A small buttock of a child. 

CHUT A?1A ^SB^Inf^ 8. m. A ta^n with 
hug^ buttocks. 

CHUTHAfgigi^ ,./. Afourthparfc^a 




( 252 ) 


CHI^THf g^ 8, f. The pivot of a door 

hinge^ the sooket in which the pivot turns; 
also applied to both together: — chUthi 
pattf^ij r. a. To lift a door off its hinges. 

CHl^Tf A g^tW «. m. A mean, spirit- 
less man ; one who is indifferent to un- 
chaste conduct among the females of his 
family ; i. g. GhHtyd. 

CHUTKA d^dfl 8. m. A large handful, 

as much as can be taken up with the 
hand and the fingers extended : — chutkd 
hhat, a, A full handful. 

CHUTKALA §<i6lW *• ^- ^ charm, 

an amulet; a marvellous, incredible 
saying; pleasantry, wit, humour; any 
wonderful medicine; pleasantry, wit, 
. humor -.--chuikald chhaddnd, v. n. To 
invent a playfully mischievous story. 

CHUXKf ^^ofl 8, /. A small handful, 

as much as may be taken up with the 
thumb and fingers ; a pinch of anything, 
• as much as may be taken up with a 
thumb and finger ; a snap of the fingers ; 
a pendant sometimes attached to a nose 
ring : — chuthi bajdutid, r. a. To snap the 
fingers : — chuiJci hhar, a. ' A full hand- 
ful : — chuthi vyichch kamm hor^d, v. n. To 
be performed (any work) quickly. 

CHUTLA d<fM'l 8, m. A lock of hair 

hanging from the top of the head, a cue 
' or lock of hair worn behind. 

CHUTNA BHS^ v. n. (M,) To throw 

or shoot at a mark ; to obtain an object 
without labor ; t. q, Phun^fid. 

CHUTRAMMA B3^}fT a. Strongly 

pockmarked, ugly ; t. q. Khakkhar 

CHUTT ^ 8,f. Vulva; ». q, GMt. 

CHUTTAII. ^?^ *. m. The buttock :— 

chuttaf kutduf^dy v. a. lit. To suffer so- 
domy ; met, to suffer a great deal from 
the hand of anyone, to sustain a loss for 
other's sake, to work hard for an- 
other : — chuttaf kutffke^ v, a. lit. To commit 

sodomy ; met. to take hard work (from 
anyone) : — chuttaf icakhduue^ r. n. To turn 
tail : — chuttaf tcajdui^e, v. n. lit. To beat 
one's buttocks; to lament; to grriere 
over ; to be overjoyed. 

CHUTTO #§ 8. /. A whore. 

CHUTTtJ B^ «. m. A term of reproach ; 

one on whom sodomy is practised ; t . q. 

CHtJTYA gg^P «. m. See CMUid. 

D— (^, ^, 5, ^) 

DA ^ prep, (sign of the genitive cnse 

masculine ; an auxiliary or a prefix after 
some verbs used in the Sialkote district 
as a peculiarity of the place as main 
giyd dd,) Of: — s. /. Side, direction; 
time, opportunity ; turn, innings ; strata- 
gem, manoeuvre, artifice, trick ; a trick in 
wrestling ; ambuscade, ambush ; a throw 
of dice : — dd defidj v, n. To give one his 
turn: — dd kamd^ v. a. To make use 
of a trick in wrestling : — dd khdw, v. n, 
dd lagdund, v, n. To stake, to wager, 
to bet, to hazarad : — dd laggiadj v. n. To 
get a chance or opportunity :^-f2a lai^, 
V. n. To take one's turn or seize one's 
opportunity: — dd paif^y v. n. To be 
thrown (dice), to have a good throw, to 
throw high (dice) : — To be tricked, to be 
taken in :—dd te chafhdufkd, v, a. To 
bring under one's power : to get a grip of 
one's opponent in vrrestlingi—jetdinjtsdn, 
mdhiydy tedd naukar rahisdn ; laggd dd 
dwaf^ dd^ ydr meid^ tdn matn mUlnd rahisdn. 
O Mdhi ! while I live I will romain thy 
slave; my love! if an opportunity of 
coming occurs, I will not tarry at all. — 

pA ^ 8. m. (If.) Way, manner, mode 

: — maiMM 4d nahii^ dndd. The mode does 
not come to me ; I don't know how to 
do it. 

DAB^gjgf 8.f. (P&t.) A land which re- 
tains rainfall ---jisdd ddb usdd Babh. He 
who owns dab land (retaining rainfall) 
with him is GK>d. 


( 253 ) 


DAB t^i^ s. /. The upper cross-stick of 

a door-frame ; pressure, depressare, im- 
pression ; a land ploughed after a rainfall 
and smoothed by a wooden drag {st&hdgd) 
and kept for the purpose of sowing wheat 
and gram ; met. a snub, a threat ; — ddh 
deni, V. n. To press dosm. 

DAB grg s.f, (M.) The powdery dust on 

land produced by kallar (saline efl3ore- 
scence) or much traflBc. Dab differs from 
dh^f in that the former is dust on the 
ground while the latter is dust in the 

DAB A ^[^ 8. m. See Bdhdu :—ddbd dahh, 
ad. Hastily, instantly; — dahd he, ad. 
By force or compulsion ; — dahd haiih^d, 
latfid, V. n. To usurp :-^dahd dabi, dahi 
dahdiy a. Covered, concealed, restrained 
: — dahd def^f v. n. To press down ; to 
bury : — dahd mdrnd, v. a. To conceal 

DABAIL ^^^ s. /. A subject, one under 

DABAK^jA t!4o(ctl 17. »., a. To crouch, to 

skulk ; to snub, to chide : to strike the 
strings of a musical instrument ; to beat 
gold or silver wire. 

pABALi 9<f^ 8, m. Corrupted from the 

English word Double : — dabal roH, 8. f. 
The bread eaten by Europeans. See 

DABALLKE t!^^0^ od. Bee dabbke in 

DABALLNA t!^MA> ». a. See dabb 
chdfhtii in Dabb. 

DABA^rA tf^l^VI t,. „. See Dabdund. 

I^ABAR rJ^^d *. /. A land of stiff clay 

}--kheH btje ddbar nd gor nd hhappha^. 
Ii you cultivate ddbar (stiff clay), you 
will have neither tomb nor burial ; i. e, 
you will be ruined. 

DABA9 DABA? ^^^ ^^^ ,,. n. 

Walking or running with heavy and 
noisy steps ; c. w, kamd. 

D ABAU Xl^^Q a. m. Pressure ; influence, 
strength, power, authority ; resignation, 
submissiveness .—dabdu manf^d, v. n. To 
stand in awe, to submit, to be influenced ; 
t. q. Dabd. 

DABAtJ t:«l»0 a. Pressed down, de- 
spirited, unable to speak for one's self ; 
overweighted in front (a cart) opp. of uUr, 

DABAU^tA titJ'Qd l t;. a. To press 
down, to bury ; to snub, to overcome ; 
to sow ; to make a layer ; to keep posses- 
sion by force or fraud, to usurp. 

DABB ^rg 8. /. Pressure i-^dabb chdrh- 
«<, dabb detfi, v. a. To threaten, to intimi- 
date:— iaft^ defkd, V. a. To bury, to inter ;— 
dabbrakkhnd, latfid, v, a. To withhold, to 
detain, to stop ; to keep possession by force 
or fraud : — dabb Zai'o/, v. a. To over- 
power, to get the better of ; to conceal 
(secret) :—da66 he, ad. Forcibly, vio- 
lently, hardly:— ia66 he wdh^rajj he khdh. 
Plough hard and eat your fall. 

PABB 9«f 8. m. A spot, a mark ; — 
8. f. A brace, a fastening, a bond, a 
girdle, a kind of pocket:— ^a66;?o»jaW, 
^abb rahijdfkd, v.n. To become spotted, to 
be spotted i—dULbb bannhf^i, v. a. To tie a 
thing up in one's girdle, to tie up one's 
girdle:— ^66 kafabbd, ^abb khafabbd, a. 
Spotted, particolored, black and white. 

DABBA ^ 8. m. (if). A bini-trap of 
kdndn reeds. One side rests on the 
ground ; the other is raised and sup- 
ported by a stick to which a string is 
attached. The other end of the string 
IS held by a concealed person who, on 
seeing birds come under the trap, pulls 
the string, and the trap falls on them. 

DABBA g^ ,. m. A small box ; a 
bookshelf ; a leather oil vessel with a 
large mouth; a bullock with large 
blotches of colour ;-^». Spotted, speckled, 
black and white, variegated; crooked, 
cnrved :--dabbd kke8, 8. m. A kind of 
cloth black and white :-dabbe ka^hin 
ndjdf^da ; 8tdhe rdh chalM hd^. I never 

know a crooked road ; I go a straight 
path. ° 


< 254 ) 


dABBA ^ngr $. m. Snubbing, chiding, 
threatening, awing i—ddhhd dhdwi^ 8, m. 
Threatening, beating; c. w, defki. 

p ABB AL 9^995 8. m. Corrapted from the 

English word Double:— ^^^«^F»"^' *• «*• 
The current coin of pice in compansOTi 
to Namk Shdhi paisd:-'4fMal rwpayyd, 
8, m. The ourrent coin of rupee in com- 
parison oiNdnak SUJii rupee-, %. g. J^ahoL. 

DABBH ^ 8. m, A water flag ; a species 
of spear grass used in several ceremo- 
nies x—buSdhid^ ihaggidn M tvdhi, uggS 
dahhh te IcdhL Land ploughed by old 
cattle, grows only ddbhh grass. See 

DABBf ^^ 8. m. (M). Aball, aplayball. 

P ABBf ^^ a. Spotted, black and white ; 
crooked;—*./. A very small round wooden 
or metallic box, a casket in which gems 
are deposited ; a spotted bitch ; — a. (Jf.) 
^hht manjh, 8. /. A bufFalo with a con- 
cave spine:— AibMi^^ mdmiin, v. a. To beat 
the bridegroiwn with gabble while sit- 
ting to perform the marriage ceremooies. 

D ABBJjrA iiHiS^ V' «• «• To press ; to 
press down, to bury. 

pABBtJ 'S^ 8. w. A spotted dog; met. 
a fat man, 

DABDABA t;yt!*i» »• ^t. corrupted 
from the Arabic word Dahdahah. A ma- 
gisterial character, influence, state or 

PABPABAUSA tf^d^lQdl V. a. To 
fill wiih tears (the eyes). 

DABEL ^CT(85 *• ^ See Dabail. 
DABGAR tf^dld )«•«*• ^ drawer 
DABKAlA^^oT^lnP) o^ ^^^ ^8old 
wire; a manufacturer of fafRpo*. 

DABI^KA ifCfl^lA'l V. a. To preus 

back, to push back. 
DABJAnA ^CTWS^ ^ «•• See DOnd. 

DABEIA X!<10(' 8, m. Thveatem'ng, 

chiding; swelling: — dabhd de^, dalki 
mdmdf V, a. To threaten. 

DABEA^A ?raoR? ^'^' SeeDeAak- 

DABE:An¥rA ^IJcE^Q^&l v. a. To snub, 

to check, to chide, to threaten ; to eauw 
gold or silver wire to be beaten. 

DABKATYA ^l)o(4f|l 8. m. A gilder, 
a beater (of wire); t. g. IkikM. 

DABKl imJ\ 8. f. SeeDabU. 

DABLA ^^^I 9. m. {M.} A snaB 
round box for jewels. 

dabmepaib ^^9iK^3 ) J. ^^ 

DABWEISJIPAIB ^(|^^3 ge»tle«tep8. 

ad. Witb 

DABNA tf^A* «. m. (M.) This word is 
used before ohdh ^ well) the nnne way 
as rds is used when speaking of catUe. 

DABti(A riHS^ «• *• ^^ ^ pressed 
down ; to be buried ; to be afraid ; to be 
concealed; to be quelled or puTl down 
(insurrection) ; to be cocked, to be res^ 
trained or suppressed; to yield to 
authority or force, to come under one's 
power, to be overcome, to be overawed. 

pABOLfA 3^2f$tnF *. m. One who 
dives, as in excavating a weB, or who 
dives into ocean for peiffls. 

PABO^A 3§ST V. a. To dip, to im- 
merse, to cause to sink, to drown; to ruin ; 
to give in marriage (a girl) to a poor or 
impotent man:--Vkit^ fabofkdj v, a. To 
bring disgrace on one's name. 

DAB5tA^ei9gt#.i,i. An inferior kind of 

thatch, a house witb an indifferently 
eoBstructed roof ; a kind of Sweetmeat 
eaten by pregnant women ; threatening; 
C.W. mdrfkd. 



( 255 ) 



DAB5 A ^m^ 9. m. ) {M) A flat stand 

dAB^I ^m4l '* / ) o^ ^^^7 ^^ which 

pots are placed when taken oilE the fire, 
oliere is a belief that if the soot from 
the bottom of a pot blacken the floor of a 
lionse, it inll caose headache Uy the per* 
son parsing over the blackened place. 

D AB$t^ GHlTS^tS^ B^Sf'AITI^ a. Mean 
spirited^ not able to do any thing. 

DABWAUJsTA ifU^lQ^I v.n. Tocanse 
to be pressed or bnried. 

PAGH ^ig 8. f. {K.) Plrovender or 

dry food for cattle :—j4fd jhamdoi^ poshe 
dock; HM hkaro jefh^ thick. He who 
stores np provender (for his goats) in 
Poh^ reaps the benefit in Je^k.. 

DACHCHHA^A ^fe^I ». m. Corrupt- 
ed from the Sanskrit word JDafaAtiui. 
A present to Brahmans on solemn or 
sacrificiai occasions^ a fee, a reword ; 
c. f0. deikd\ i, q, Dakkkod. 

pACHI aPBi «,/ A female camel when 
she is to bring forth her first yeang one. 

DAD t;*t; B. f. A gift, giying ; jastioe, 
equity ; a frog :—ddd farydd, g. /. A 
cry or application for justice, or redress ; 
c. IT. karni. 

pAp W8 «•/• A shriek, a cryj c. w. 
nikaljdfki, mifni, 

dAdA ^^^8.m. A bard who sings the 
praises of families ; a family j)pest. 

D ADA DAf ^^ ^15^ #. /. A nurse. 

D ADAK t:"t:«C b. ». Patemal anoestors 
(generally used in the plural.) 

dADAKA tf^tfofl a. Pertaining to pa- 
>temal ancestors, 

dAdAR tJ'tid ». w. A frog. 

pApAR ssicl 8, m. (Poi.) A ifed wa^ ; 

i. q. Dharind. 

daikauhrA ^^!)$tu^ ^ ,. «. pi,th«p. 

DAD-AUBi ^^1^ j in law'B 
father, wife or hnsband's grand father. 

PApp #9 ../. A she frog. 
DADD ^t; «./. AringwomL 

DADDA ^P*. m. The name of the letter 
(^ij in the QurmukU alphabet. 

PAppA 1^%T 8. m. The name of the letter. 

(s) in the GwrmukU alphabet ; the outer 
shell of gram, a pod of gram, pease. 

DAddA W^ )*•*. A paternalgrand 
PADDA Sr%l \ father. 

daddarA ^Iggr 


Partially ripe. 

DADDARf^^^^/. A ringworm. 

pAppHA ||i «* m. I a. Strong, firm, 

pAppaf 9r%| /. ) powerful; obsti- 
nate impertinent, violent: — id^he nil 
rddMtdnkeMfnanwiehcKshdddi. Is there 
I any pleasure to the mind in cultiyating 
I partnership with a powerful man. — Prov. 

DADDHSA ^Xr^I t?. »- Tobfebum^; 
to be vexed, to be poor and miserable. 

DADDf ^^ 8. f. (M.) A proprietary 

DADDf ^r^ |». /. The wife of a 

pADDt SfT^ > Vdddd. 

pApptf ro ,. m. A male frog. 
DADBHAS ^B^UJ? ) 8. /. Wife or hus- 

DADESH ^^) band's grand njo- 
ther, father-in-law s mother. 


( 256 ) 


DADH ^XJ B.m, A bubo; a burning; 

an nnbappy, unfortunate, miserable 
person, an unsuitable word; an enemy. 


8, /» Firmness of mind. 

pADHAR 9MO ^* ^- 0^0 A cutaneous 
disease, a ringworm. 

DADHE^HA 93d^«.m. (M.) a bird 

of the babbling thrush family, {Gatarrhosa 
caudaia — Jerdon.) 

pApHf S1^ 9. f. Fem. of ^tSddhd. 

DADH^f W^^ 9'f' 0^) Ghreenears 

of wheat or pods of gram roasted for 

DAdI ^I^ 8. /. The wife of a Diddd. 

pADlAmjA SfewQ??^- »• To cry 
with fear, to be alarmed, to be frightened. 

DADKA ^STCoP a. Pertaining to pater- 
nal ancestors. 

DAD PIUT ^ETC ftf^3 s, f. Friendship 

between parties continued from father 
to son ; the mutual bearing of marriage 
and funeral expenses by sucm friends, /f 

DADt} ^JTg $. f. The founder of a Hindu 

sect whose followers are numerous in the 
Panjab and North West Provinces; a 
frog: — Ddd4pa9ih^8.m. The sect found- 
ed by Ddd4 i—BddA pa/^thiy 8.m. A fol- 
lower of Ddd4. 


5^ 8. m. A frog. 

DAF ^^ 8. m. /. A party, a body of 

DAFA tf^' «• *»*• i-^') O*^® *™®» ^^^ 
turn ; section ; paragraph, article : — dafd- 
ddvy 5. m. An officer of infantry or caval- 
ry, commanding a small body of ^en ; 
a police officer : — dafdddri, 8, /. An office 
or rank of a dafdddr: — dafd hojdi&dy 
ho^y r. n. To be repelled, to be removed ; 
to be destroyed ; to be off ; to be tai*ned 

back: — dafd kamd, v. a. To repel, to 
remove, to destroy, to dispel, to avert, to 
prevent ; to ward off ; to guard or provide 
against : — dafd Idui^i, v. a. To frame a 
charge : — dafd laggiikiy v, n. To be framed 
(said of a charge). 

pAFF grg 8, /. Corrupted from the 

Persian word Daf. A flat dram or 
tambourine without the brass cymbols. 

DAFRf tf^rO «. /. ) A kind of tam- 

D APRf ti^S «• w- ) boirine ; ill re- 
port, defame, spreading of bad news; 
c. to. lagdui^, laggn^i, mac&tlt» madiAuii; 
t. q, Ddryd. 



8. m. 

A book, a 

volume, a journal, a record, a register; an 
office ; an establishment ; met, a loii^ story 
or report : — daftar khdndy 8. in» An 

Ql ^ ff. m. lit. A 
^|y}|T3 record keeper; 



one who has charge of the stationery of 
the office and arranges and binds the 
books, rules the papers, mends pens, and 
prepares envelopes, Ac. 

DAG ^31 *. TO. (Jf.) A road. Dag is 

used in the north of the Muzaffaigarh 
district and vdt in the south ; — {K.) A 

DAG ^1^1 8. TO. A spot, a stain, a speck ; 

a mark ; a blemish, a fault ; a brand, 
stigma; bad name, abloquy; a wound; 
a sore ; sorrow, grief ; loss, damage : — 
ddg hel, 8. /. Marking off the lines for 
a road, a line of road ; mark : — ddg 
def^dy V. a. To brand, to cauterize: — 
ddg lagduody v. a. To sully, to stain, to 
blacken, to vilify, to defame : — ddg lagg^% 
V. n. To be burnt or branded ; to be 
damaged ; to got a bad name : — ddgtrdli, 
ddg ddr, a. Spotted ; branded ; stained, 

DAG 901 <>• Formless, shapeless, simple, 
clownish, rough. 



( 267 ) 


DAGA t!dl' «. fn- Corrupted from the 

Persian word Dag.(l. Deceit, deception, 
imposture, treachery; cheat, artifice, 
delusion : — dage bdj, a., s. m. Deceitful ; 
a cheat, swindler, rogue ; a traitor: — dage 
hdjiy s. f. Cheating, treachery, trickery, 
imposture ; Tnala fides, villany ; c. w. 
dendj kamd. 

D AG ADH ^gilT 8, /. Burning to ashes : 
— dagadh hojdud, hond, v. n. To be burnt. 

DAGADHNA tfdlMA' v- a- To bum to 
ashes ; to teaze, to vex, to chide, to revile. 

DAGAN tr«die a./. Having a blemish- 
ed character. 

DAGAR ^gig 8, m. (M,) Hollow lands 

retentive of moisture. The only lands 
that can be cultivated in the D. I. Khan 
district without canal or hill stream 

DAGAR t:dl^ s, m, A road, a path, a 

highway :—-dagar dagar Jcarde jdnd, v. n. 
To step quickly and make a thumping 
noise with the feet. 

pAGAR ^idld «• ^. A long grained 
wheat ; i. q. Wadduak. 

DAGAUNA tJdnOdI V. a. To fire (a 
gun) ; to brand ; to kindle. 

DAGDAGATtJdItidllcI*./. Splendour, 

sparkling, twinkling (as of gold or a 

dagdagAuna gg [tidi'Q gy i 

DAG dag KARNA ^gi ^craST) 

V. o. To shine, to glow, to gleam, to 

DAGDAGAUNA ^dl^dl ' Qd ' v,n. To 

shake, to waver, to be restless and un- 
settled, to be tossed about. 

pAGDAGf ^dl^dft s, /. The noise of 
the beating of drums. 

PAGGA ^gp 8. m. A drum-stick :— c^- 
9d Idutid, mdmd, v. n. To beat a drum, 

tambourine : — ikJce dagge pind^ ma/^gt^d^ 
V, n. lit. To beg the* whole village with 
a beating of one drum-stick ; t. e. to do 
many things at a time.— Prov. used to 
express impossibility of doing many 
things at a time. 

DAGGAR ^^gra *. m. (M.) A group of 
wells in Cis-Indus (in the Thai ; in Trans- 
Indus in the Damdn) ; a bare stretch of 
waste unenclosed by laihs {Daggar cul- 

DAGGHAL ^U|35 «. Thrown straight, 
ly in wrestling ; c. w. pduf^d. 

DAGGf ^gft *. /. A bundle of things 

carried on the shoulder ; e. to. chakkfki. 

DAGH DAGH ^eui^Uf o. Bright, shin, 
ing (face) ; e. to. kamd. 


DAGf ^[Tgft a. m. Spotted, stained, 

marked; polluted, spoiled; branded; 
having a blemished character, disgraced' 
dishonoured ; c. w, kamd. ' 

DAGLA t:OIM> *. m. A loose quilted 
garment ; i. q, Bhagld. 

DAGMAG gfgWgr «. unsteady, totter- 

ing, shaking, shivering, quivering, rip- 
pling. ° ^ 

DAGMAGAt 3fgmBF<r *. m. shiver. 

ing, tottering, wavering, rippling, flar- 

dagmagAunA ggrWHirf^T t,. „. to 

shake, to shiver, to tremble ; to totter, to 
waver, to ripple, to flare (as a blaze). 

DAG^jA rrdie* «;. «. To be kindled, ta 
be fired (a gun). 

BAGI^A tT'die' V. a. To fire (a gun) • 

to cauterize, to bum (a dead body.) See 
ddg dei^d in JDdg. 

DAGULA rZf^t^i 8. m, Se^Dagld; BHagld^ 


( 258 ) 


DAH ^RJ ». w. Flame, fire, burning, con- 
flagration, ardonr ; pain, mef , sorrow ; — 
(jr.) Drought :—^dh defkd, v. n. To light 
the funeral pile; to become a cause of 
a great sorrow ; c. w. laggf^dy IduiOid. 

DAH grci «. «»• Envy, malice; spite; 

spreading; an imperative of r.a. Ddhii^i] 
— «./., a. (M.) News, information ; ten : — 
ddh de^d, v. n. To be caught ; to get a 
person engaged to any business, especially 
what is difficult:— cWA dittd chor nahin 
mardd. A thief that has been given 
information is not caught (lit. does not 
die). — ^Prov. 

DAHA "Sip Is.m, A stick fastened to 
DAhA 'S^p)the necks of cattle to keep 

them from running away ]—{M.) A tribe 
of Jats who wei-e originally Rajputs and 
still retain the Bijput title of Rai. 

DAHA ^n^ «• Ten (the word used in 
multiplication);—*, m. The first ten days 
of the Muharram. See Dahid. 

dAha ^e^uT 


DAHAf 3Un^ 8, /. Compensation for 
watering horses and other cattle ; com- 
pensation for spreading beds. 

DAHAJ ^rOtl «• /• ^ burning thirst 
in a feverish state. 

dahAkA tW'oli 
dahAkhA ^gcPV 


r*. m. 


DAHAkA aO'o( 1 8, m. (M,) The sum of 
ten, al>oiittea. 

pAHAN SUS t>. n. (M.) To fall. 

DAHAnA ^iFJ? «• ^- '^^ mouth; the 
BtifE bit of a bridle. 

DAHAR guu «• /• (^^ ^•) ^^ ^y™f 

' land i—dhdn daliar dd ar hhd shahar dd^ 
Rice in the low lying lands and maiite^ 
rate in towns. 

DAHAR tf>OcJ «• /• ^ i*^ *<*°*^' * 


DAHARNA t;>Or<A> t7. a. To gnaw, to 
grind with the back teeth. 

dahAunA "^dlQ^T V fit- (ca^- *^^ 

Ddhnd). To cause a bed to be spread ; 
to cause a horse, cow, buffalo to be watw 
ed ; to cause one to be engaged to any 
kind of business, especially what is diffi- 
cult, (in the last sense cans, of JDahtfia^) 

DAHAWA^ gUn?S V. o. (M.) To 

throw down. 

DAHE J ^sdfT *• '^' Corrupted from the 
Arabic word Bahez, A bride's portion, 

DAHEJA5 ^dtra «• Pertaining to 
a dower. 

DAHf ^Sdt 8. f. See DaMn. 

DAHiA ^ftjW 8. m. The ten days 

of the MuTiarram, in which effigies of the 
tombs of Hassan and Hussain are carried 
about and finally buried ; the effigies and 
tddds themselves. 

DAHIAI? ^t(ljW «• ^- Th® right hand 
or side. 

DAHIDARDAHf tjRjtJdtfJ) «• ^en 

yards long and ten broad. 
D AHIJ AIJ SfiTHS t • n. To be obtained. 

DAHIL ^eftraS \»- ♦»• Veaxi—dahil 

DAHIL gftraS ) *«"»<* *"^ ***^»^ 
V. n. To fear : — fahU jdtd, v, n. To 

1)6 afraid. 


( 259 ) 


-^ * ^^^ ^^ t /\ r t?. n. To fear. 

3?AflIL6rA ^PvJttA 'j 

D AHf N ^^ 5, /. Sour milk, coagulat- 

ed milk: — dakin jamdufid, v. a. To 
coagalate milk: — dakin riraknd, v. a. To 
chum coagulated milk : — dahin sir wichch 
pdufid, V, n. To wash or clean the hair 
of the head with coagulated milk. 

DAHH^A trflie' «?• «. n. To bum, to 
torment ; to be burnt, to be tormented. 

I)AHI5rA 9(0^1 r. n. To be occupied, 

to be deeply engaged, to be zealous in 
any work ; to begin to work ; to begin to 
wrestle, to fight, to quarrel; to be 
spread (as a bed) ; to cohabit. 

DAHIND ^Pfltf s. m. A giver. 

DAHINDf tiJ)'^ 8.f. An earthen 

vessel in which milk is coagulated; 
milk offered to a deotd. 

DAHISAR ^ftnra ^ 8. m. A giant 
DAHISIR ^(^(^d [• with ten heads 
DAHISIR ^ (^(^j J slain by Ram 
Chandra ; Ravana. 

D AHISERA ^Sfb^fiUT 8. m. Ten seers ; 
a weight of ten seers. 

DAHK SUoT «./. A shooting pain in 
the head or eye ; i. q. Tardt, 

DAHKAU^^A ^Uorrf ^ r. a. To 
cause to be kindled or burnt. 

DAHK^irA SUofST e.«. To be kindl- 
ed, to be burnt, 

DAHL 5^335 g,f. See Daha. 
DAHLA t:OM< 8. m. Ten (of cards.) 


DAHHrA t:OA» a. On the right, on the 
right hand side. 

DAHNA ^erofST 1;. n. (if,) To plough land. 

DAH^jtA SmS^ t?. a. To spread (as a 

bed or spinning instrument); to spread 
out (for grain) ; to water a horse, cow, 
<&c. ; to engage a person in business of 
any kind; L q. Ddhufid, 

DAROLtl ^^^igfnp s. n. (K.) A smaU 

tree (Ficus cartcordes) which grows wild 
in waste places in the plains Cis and 
Trans -Indus, and is common in the 
Himalaya. Its fruit is eaten by people. 

DAhrA ^T^jgr 8, m, A division of the 

DAH^A tf^OrJl 8. m. The beard, a long 

DAH^f tflO^ 8. /. The beard i—hohaf d4 

ddhri, a. /. Hanging roots of the banyan 
tree: — him ddhfi^ a. Having a long 
beard : — kuchckliar haith he ddhfi khohf^a. 
To pluck out one's beard while sitting in 
I his lap. — ^Prov. used when a great harm 
or mischief is done under the disguise of 

DAHUNA grg^T r. a. See JDdhud. 

DAl t!ci 8. m. God ; destiny ; — voc, daii 

Oh God; — dai mdridf a. Accursed of 

DAI tl'^l 8. f. m. Corrupted from the 

Persian word Ddyah, and from the San- 
skrit word Apatydd. A nurse, a wet nurse, 
a dry nurse, a midwife ; a superior maid- 
servant, a lady's maid ; an attendant of 
a bride whose business it is to instruct 
her in the performance of the ceremonies ; 
the side or stand that children run to in 
playing ; one who is in wait or watches 
his opportunity, a shrewd penetrating 
person; a giver; — a. Knowing many 
tricks in wrestling; crafty: — ddi bannJiMj 
V. a. To determine, to resolute, to make 
up mind ; to arrive at a gaol ; to gird up 
loins : — ddi kolonpet chhapdwQd or gujjhd 
hof^d or lokdut^d. Ut, To hide one's belly 
from a midwife ; to attempt to conceal 
what can not be hidden. 

DAlA tife^ 8. /. Corrupted from the 
Sanskrit word Dayd, Pity, compassion. 


( 260 ) 


aercy, kindness, sympathy, fellow-feeU 
ing: — bifk data sidh haail. Without 
mercy or sympathy (a man is) jnst like 
a butcher : — daid nidn, did wain, a. Mer- 
ciful, compassionate ; c. 1(7., duf^ij kam'L 

DAIa ^T^hW *. w. Desire, wish, deter- 

mination, resolution : — ddid bannhtid, v. n. 
To determine, to be resolute, to hold a 
firm will. 

DAIHA SiF ^' ^« A long stick fastened 

to the necks of cattle to keep them from 
running away ; i, q, Ddhd. 

DAIH^jA ^§U3? V. a. See DaUiid, 

DAIK ^feoT s. m. f. A giver; (in 
comp.) yielding, producing. 

DAIM xJf I ad. Perpetually, con- 

DAIM '^if^K 3 tinually, always : — 

sir kdimjang ddim. When the head is 
existing, battle is durable ; i. e, as long 
as a man is living, there is possibility of 
his doing many things. 

DAIMB ARJA^JA #jraUtT^ ) V. a. 

DAIMBARNA ^ tfd^ l ) To be 

surprised, to be astonished, to be filled 
with consternation. 

pAIJT ^TS } *•/• A witch, a wizard, 
pAHJ ^i|^^ j an old woman reputed 

to have an evil eye, a female goblin ; 
fnet. an old ugly woman: — dain de 
huchchhaf mundd de^d, ho^id. To entrust 
a child to a witch's lap, (said of a child 
entrusted to one's natural foe). — Prov. 
used of all things entrusted to the care 
of one's bitter enemy. 

DAf N DAf N ^T^ ^T^ ad. By some 
pretext or other. 


^ Odlrt *• ^' The sound of beating of 

drums ; the violent beating of drums : — 
dainhgaf dulllvd^ 8. m. A fat man but 
of small stature. 

DAIRA tJ'ftjd' *• ^* A Mnsalman 


DAIT %3f ') 8. m. Corrupted from the 

DAINT ^3 ) Sanskrit word Baitya. A 

demon, a giant (in Hindu mythology), • 

DAITANf #3^ I*./. A female 
DAINT ANf ^'^^ J demon, a giantess. 

DAJ tiM ] 8. /. Corrupted from the 
pAj ^TtT 3 Sanskrit word JDdy. A 

bride's portion, a dowry, a property 
that a bride takes to her husband's 
house : — ddj dahej, ddj daui^y s. f. The 
same as JDdj : — chundhi huri te panj 4ih 
ddj. A blear-eyed bride and five camels 
for a dowry ; t. q. Baliej. 

dAjal t;»t*e6 w. ^ 

DAJA? ^eTtra m. 
DAJARA ^t=?^m. 
DAjA?f ^Vf^f. 




a., 8. m. f. Fit to 
be given to a 
» bride as a part of 
her dower ; met, 
of a little value. 

worthless; a cloth, vessel, or ornament, 
&c., of a little value. 

DAJH ^rg «. /. a burning thirst in a 
feverish state. 

DAJKAR ^tToT^ 8. m. A small shrnb 

(Flacourtta sepiaria) which occurs about 
Delhi, in the arid tract to the west, in 
the Salt Range, and on the skirts of 
the Suleman Range. Its wood is too 
small to be of use, and the spines are so 
strong that its twigs cannot be oaten by 
cattle, but the leaves are thrashed out 
for them. The fruit is small, hard, and 
insipid, but is said to be eaten by people. 

DAK ^gof 8, m. {M.) A division, a piece. In 

the annual clearance of the inundation- 
canals, the work is said to be done by 
Dak when each village on a canal clears 
a fixed length, and by sujrh or suhf when 
the labourers of all the villages work 
together throughout. 


( 261 ) 


». m. {M.) A turnip intended 

to go to seed. The leaves are cut off 
about four inches above the root, and the 
root is scarified with a cutting instru- 
ment. This is supposed to make it send 
up a strong seed-stiEilk ; i, q. Dakk. 

DAK ^Io( s, nu a small red fruited tree, 

^Rihes ruhrum) which frequently occurs 
in the Panjab Himalaya up to the Indus. 
Its fruit is nearly worthless ; a grape : — 
gtddar ddk, s. f. m. A pretty climber 
\Cis9U8 camosd) which is found in several 
valleys and occurs in parts of the plains. 
It is eaten by camels in the latter, and 
in Janimu the root ground with black 
pepper is applied to boils. 

I)AK ^loC «. /. A relay of men or horses 

for the post ; pdlki bearers, a mail, a post 
office : -an imperative of v. n. Ddkfid: — 
dak hangldy s. m. A house built by Gov- 
ernment in an important stations for 
the convenience of European officers on 
tour : — ddk chauhi, 8. f. A stage or sta- 
tion where a relay is posted : — ddk ddk ke 
martidj v. n. To be exhausted by vo- 
mitting: — ddk • gdfi^ «, /. The mail 
train : — ddk ddr, a. m. lit. One in charge of 
a mail ; a doctor : — ddk dd ghord, s. m. A 
horse used on ddks or relays :—ddk ghar 
or khdfui, 8, m. A post office : — ddk la- 
gdufkd, V, a. To post relays of cattle or 
runners : — ddk laggf^dj v, n. To be laid a 
ddk or relays of men or horses, to be or- 
ganized a post. 

DAkA ^10(1 8, m. Robbery, plunder, an 

attack by a gang of robbers, or dacoits; 
the collection of plunderers: — ddkd 
mdmd, v, n. To commit robbery : — ddkd 
paiil^d, V, n. To be attacked by dacoits. 

DAKACHRt? t!o{tJd *• rn. (K.) A large 

species of tree (Saxifraga Ugulata) with 
great leaves and handsome flowers, often 
found glt>wing on rocks, in the Panjab 
Himalaya up to tho Indus and Trans- 
Indus. The leaves are frequently used as 
plates, and the root is bruised and applied 
to boils or for ophthalmia in some of the 
places where the plant grows. The root 
is also officinal, generally called Pakhdn 
hhed. It is reckoned absorbent, and given 
in dysentery and cough. 

dakA dak 

• • 



a. See Dah 



DAKAN ^eoR5 1^. ». (if.) To be divided. 

DAKAN FoTJS v. a. (Jf.) To atop, 

to prevent, to check .-—mli^rf daAri<f hue 
8arkdr vnchch. M4i8d is detained by the 
Sarkar;i.g. JDakk^d, 

DAKAN WoCS '- /. A witch. See 

DAKANIJ SoH^ 8. m. (M.) The fruit 
of the dek tree ; *. q. Dhakoni- 

DAKAR WSC^ b. /. (3f.) Any fertile 
clayer ground where water collects. 

p AKAR ^o(td ». /. Belching, bellow- 

ing, eructation; roaring, calling alond ; 
c. w. laifid. 

DAKArI xid^S »' rn, (K.) Is a tree 

(Hedera Helix) which is common in the 
Panjab Himalaya and occurs in the Salt 
Range and Trans-Indus. It is stated 
to be a favourite food of goats, and in 
Kullu the leaves are said to be added to 
the beer of the country to make it strong. 

DAKARNA s)o(ld6' t?. n. To belch, to 

bellow ; to swallow; to roar ; to embezzle, 
to misappropriate ; to boast. 

DAKAUT g5?3 I f. m. Corrupted 

P AKAUNT g;^ 3 from the Sanskrit 

word DakpUt, A caste of Brahmans 
who consider themselves able to bear the 
calamity of Jahbarddfky &nd therefore do 
not hesitate to receive it. They are 
generally skilled in astrology. 

pAKAUTNf ^B2ft) s.f. A female 

P AKAU!SITi?f ^oTddl ) of J?akaui. 


a. Full to the brim 

(a vessel) : — ^aJe ddk hoii^, kamdy v. n. a< 
To overflow ; to have a severe headache, 
to have weakness of the brain. 


( 262 ) 



DAKH ^TV( s, f. A grape, a raisin : — gid- 

dar ddkh nd appfe thUth kauri. The jack- 
al could not reach the grapes, he spat 
and said pooh ! they are sour. — Prov. 
> used of those who, being unsuccessful in 
their attempt to obtain anything, hate 
the thing itself. 

DAKHAL ^tfi? *• /■ Entrance, access ; 

intrusion, interference ; occupancy, occu- 
pation, possession; pain, grief, distur- 
bance ; the influence of an evil spirit : — 
dakhal de^d, v, a. To interfere ; to admit 
or allow one to enter : — dakhal kamd^ v. a. 
To take possession : — dakhal laiiad^ pdwid^ 
V. a. To hare access, to obtain posses- 

DAKHAL ^fTVfSS «• Entering, penetrat- 
ing, arriving ; included or comprehended 

* in; inserted, entered, registered; filed; 
enlisted, enrolled; deposited ; — s, m. An 
entry in a book or accounts; taking 
possession (of land) : — dakhal daftar, s, m, 

. Placed on record, filed with the record : — 
ddkhaX khdraj, a, /. (Jiit. inclusion or se- 
clusion). A transfer of land under one 
name to another name in the G-oyem- 
ment register of landed proprietors, 
mutation of names ; c. w. hot^a, karnd, 

DAKHALA 'gT^JJ^T 8. m. The entrance 

of a wedding party into a city or village ; 
entrance fees. See JDdkhal. 

DAKHANA WkfTSJ 8. m. (3f.) A divi- 
sion of the Arofos, 

DAKHANGtJ ^5^^ *• ^- A slender 

plant {Delphinium coeruleum) with li,s;ht 
blue flowers is common on the Sutlej. 
Its root is applied to kill the maggots in 
the wounds of goats. 

DAKHAR ^Vra o. {M.) 01d:--pa< 

ddkhar te kujrl hur. An old husband, and 
h4r for his bride. — Prov, 

DAKHAwA ^*f^ )«. w. Show, 
DAKELAwA ^tJ55T^3 ostentation, 
display ; pretence, disguise. 

DAKHLA ^S^fJP 8. m. Injury, daxn^ge^ 

attack ; prejudice, disturbance : — dakhli 
hof^d, V. n. To be injured, to be disturb- 
ed: — dakhld karndt v, a. To injure, to 
give pain, to attack, to disturb. 

DAKHNAnAN ^tfS^lJ? s. m. (iT.) 

The period between 24 Hdfh and 8 
Sdwan: — dakhndndn kd ddh nd ddmim 
roti nd dangrdn gjhdh. The drought of 
Dakhndndn means neither bread for men 
nor grass for cattle. 

DAKH^A W^f^ a. (M.) P a i n f ul :— 

khdwan sdkhrd, pachdwan ddkhrd. Eating 
is pleasurable, digesting painful; x. q. 

D AKHNt^TA ^>4^3T I ir. m. A disease 
DAKHIJtrA Tvi-nTT \ in which the 

urine is passed with difficulty and pain ; 
t. q, Dukha^td. 

dAkhi5dAnA tW ^^ «• «»- ^ 

grape seed; me^.*"pain, trouble, afliic- 
tion : — ddkhd ddnd de^d, v. a. To give 
pain, trouble ; to vex : — ddkhii ddf^d laifid, 
V, n. To be pained. 

pAKf 910(1 8, /. Vomitting, cholera, 

an epidemic disease ; c. w. dufii^ paijd^i^ 

pAKf A ^10(1 op s. m. A postman. 

DAKfjAN tloHflcS V' «• (^) See 


DAKIkA ^S(|oj7 *• ^« A minute, a 

moment, a small portion of time or space ; 
a subtle question. 

DAKK ^of 8, m. A spring, a bound, a 

DAKK ^oT 8, m. Hinderance, obstruc- 

tion; a piece of raddish, &c ; an imperative 
of V, a. Dakkud. See Dak, 

DAKEZA 9o(i *. m. A bit of straw, 

rubbish; hinderance, a stoppage, a plug; 
a branch of the palm tree, prickly pear ; 
protection : — dakkd i^d, v. a. To plug, 
to stop up, to shut up, to hinder. 



( 263 ) 


T^AKKARk 9o(d^ »• ^* -A. piece of 

anyihixig ; — a. Bude, presmnptuous, im- 
pudent, wicked. 


r. n. To wave, to be restless, to be un- 
settled, to wander about without any 

DAKKH "^kf 8. m., a. Taste, relish ; ap- 
pearance; beautiful; — s,f,(M,) A young 

DAKKHA 5>JT *. m. A stretcher used 

to keep open the mouth of a leather 
well-bucket. See also Dakkd, 

DAKKHA^? ^>:fS ^-^^ Corrupted from 

the Sanskrit word Dakhisha'Q, The 
south, the southern part of India, Deccan. 

"DAKKHA^rA ^^kfS^ s. f. Corruption 

of the Sanskrit word Bahhiahand. Alms, 
charity, a money given to a Brahmin, 
after a feast or for performing religious 
ceremonies, a fee. 

I a. 

from the San- 

D AKKH A^ ^ki^ 

DAKKH^rf ^^kf^ 

skrit Bakhuhanl. Pertaining to the 
south, inhabiting Deccan : — dakkha^i 
bdjj'd, 8, m. A masical instrument used 
first in Deccan. 

DAKKf ^oft *./. A vine (Vitis Indica.) 

Its grapes of varying quality are raised 
at most places in the Fan jab plains, those 
of Peshawar being the best. 

pAKKyA 3orS^ V. a. To hinder, to 

obstruct, to block up, to fence, to check, 
to prevent, to retanl, to impede, to stop. 

pAKKBA ^oKd^ '• ^' See Dakkard. 
pAKlgrA 9io(<S' ^- «• To vomit. 

PAKRA 9o(di 9. m. (If.) A slice of a 

turnip, either for immediate consumption 
or to be dried and stored. 

DAKRAU^tA gsrarf^PT r. a. To belch, 
to rift on account of acidity from indi- 
gestion ; to vomit ; to boast ; to low (as 
an ox) ; to cry bitterly with pain. 

DAKIJ gr^ «. m. a robber, m dacoit, 
a bandit. ^ 

D AkiJ PHAL ^^9S t. «. A shrub 
(Elma^nus conferta) the flowers of which 
have a pleasant odour. The flowers are 
officinal in the Panjab, being considered 
cardiac and astringent. 

DAKYA 9io(lf1i 8. m. A postman ; %. q. 

DAL tr'W) 8. /. Corrupted from the 
pALgrjIjI Sanskrit word I}a2. A split 

pea of gram, mdnh, m'&nai, masar, mafh, 
harhar, 8fc. :—dttd^ ddl, ddl dffd, 8. m, Ut. 
Flour and ddl, ddl and flour ; food, vic- 
tuals : — ddl chtkndy 8. m. A medicine used 
for syphilis i-^ddl chini, 8. f. Cinamon or 
bark of the Laurus co88ia or cinnoTnomum 
alhifiorum:^ddlch6h,ddlhald,8.f, SeeDdr 
choh : — ddl dalyd, 8, m. Poor and coarse 
diet ; something or other i—ddl gal^i^ 
V, n. lit To be made soft as ddl by boil- 
ing ; to be united in heart, to avail or 
be efEective, to have an advantage, to 
succeed : — ddlgar^ 8. m. One who splits 
ddl : — ddl wichch kuchh kdld kdld ho^d^ 
V. n. Ut To be (a fly or) something black 

in the ddl ; to be something amiss : 

ghar di murgi te pardi ddl He has a 
fowl at home and yet he eats oth^ peo- 
ple's ddt—^VroY, used of a man who 
neglects his wife and seeks company 
abroad: — bdhar di murgi ddl.hrahbar, A 
fowl got abroad is equal to the ddl got 
at home.— Prov. nsed of those who are 
not avaricious to get much money abroad 
but are content to ha^v© a little at 
home : — ddl rofi kh£h te nakk di 8edhejdh. 
Bat simple food (lit pulse aad bread), 
and follow your nose ; t, e. be economical 
and spend according to your means. 

DAL ^35 8. m. An attny, a multitude, a 

swarm; — an imperative of ». a. Bcd^i 
;— (-^0 A lake :—i?aZ 6<fi^aZ, *. i». Thick 



( 264 ) 


cloudfi, an immense army : — dal dal, s, m. 
A quagmire, a slongh : — dal mat, s, m. 
Breaking, mbbing, grinding: — dal mal 
aafffkin or dal saMf^d, v. a. lit To grind ; 
met to tremple or crush under foot : — 
daU^ rdjdy maUn hhetL The manure is to 
the field "what the armj is to the Raja. 

DAL 9M 8, m. A leaf of a Tuld tree ; 

thickness; a dice with which chaupaf 
is played ; sheet of water : — ^oZ ddr, a. 

DAL ^i^ 8. m. A branch, a bough ; 

issue : — anrdn dd kuchh rahe gd par 
kdmi dd ddl nd m4L lit. Others will leave 
something behind, but the adulterer will 
leave neither a branch nor a root (i. e. 
nothing). — Prov. used to express bad 
results of adultery. 

DALA 9^1 8, m. ^ A strong loam; a 

DAL A ^^1 8, f, ) large lump, a clod ; 

a piece of meat (a term used by the 
Sikhs) ; — (If.) A narrow cloth worn by 
Hindus round the waist and between the 
leffs, especially when bathing: — ndgaiwi 
nddald te ashndn "karqn chcUd. No lotd 
and no loin-cloth, yet he has gone to 
bathe ! i. g. Ai^ggochhd, Sdfd. 

PAlA ^1^1 f. m. A large branch. 

DALAI tfWiO *./. Breaking or grind- 
ing grain ; wages for the same. 

PALAKIJA ^^di^ V. n. See DaU 

DALAL ^525^55 »• »«• ^ broker, a go- 
between in business, transaction. 

DALALGf ^ZSWaft) ». /. The busi- 

DALALf t;Wtt1 ) ^^ ^^ * ^^' 

between, brokerage ; the commission of 
abroker i^kolidn dt daldli dd mtf»A kdld. 
lit, Jn the brokerage of charcoal one's 
face is bhickened, or coal brokers, black 
faces, (who can touch pitch and not be 

DALAN t^C^C^ 8.m, Cormpted from 

the Persian word Ddldn, A ball, a 

DALANG tf^idl s. m. (Pot^ K.) A man's 
pace ; i. q. Uldngh,' 

DALAsA tfjUb'^l *• W' ComforC, cofnso- 

lation, solace : — daXdsd de^d, r. a. To 
soothe, to console, to solace ; to encoaragc, 
to pat. 

DALAUlgrA tJtt'QS' t. a- To dense 

to be bruised or coarsely groimd; to 
cause to be given. 

DALBA t;^^' 8. m. A bait; deceit, 

fraud, deception : — dalhd de^d, r. a. To 
deceive, to bait, to entice by baiting'. 

DALEL rii^ih 8. f. Cor. of Bnglisli word 

Drill. A punishment drill to policemen 
and soldiers for their misconduct or 
neglect of duty : — dalel holnd, r. a. To 
give one extra drill as a punishment* 

DALBR trWd la. Bold, brave, oour- 
DALEL tf^M) Ageoua; liberal, 
generous ; not miser. 

DALERf ^i^^ I ff./. Boldness, bra- 
DALELf ^^^Q ) very, courage, 

liberality, generosity. 
DALH 375*./. (M.) The hole of an old 

well, an old disused well; the fat of 
cows, sheep or goats extracted eiad boiled 
down to tallow ; t . 5. Khu^^lh. 

DALHAK gjJgoT «./. Glitter. 

DALHAKNA gTSof^T V. n. To gKtter, 
to shine (as a pearl.) 

DALHEA ^iScP 8. /. A disease in 
which the eyes continue filled with water. 

PALHKAwA g?§on§S^ V. a. To 
cause to glitter (a pearl.) 


( 265 ) 


DALI 9mT '• /- ^ small Inmp, a 
small clod ; betel nut ; — {M.) See Dald, 

OALI 9^<!oT ^- /• A branch) a bongb, 

a twig ; a basket of frrdt or vegetables 
(especially when brought by the gardener 
as a present), a present offered to an 
officer (especially to an European officer), 
or a great man on any f estiyal or other 


8, nu 1 

DALIDDARTAf ^ ftgtfdd 

Corrupted from the Sanskrit word 
Bdridr. Poverty, pauperism, wretch- 
edness; idleness, rubbish, sweepings, 

DALTDDARA^r tjfefadd /• ) 
DALroDABf a^i^ m. ] "' 
Poor, indigent, wretched ; idle ; a wretch. 

DALf J t:^H «. /. Corrupted from the 

Persian word BahUz, A portico, a thre- 
shold, an entry to a house. 

DALf JA tJM^HI *. w. (if.) Coarsely 
ground grain. 


8, f. Proof, argument, 

reason; love; interest; attention, in- 
teliect : — daltt kamd, v. a. To argue, to 
reason; to dispate, to raise objections : — 
dalil liund, v, o. To adduce proof, to 
argue, to plead. 

DALf MALf KARNA ^^sSi W35t ofU?? 

t?. a. To feel bruise and rub (abusive.) 

a wave. 

*./. A basket; a billow. 

DALLf ^a^ 

8m 171. f 

s.f. ) 

A go-between, 
a dissolute man 

or woman, a broker who goes between, 
a bad man or woman. 

^ALLf 1^;^ 8. m. A tree (Gedrela toona 

DALLPU^rA^JSy^T*./. The busi- 
ness of Balld, 

DALNA ^53525? V. a. To bruise with 

mill-stones, to grind coarsely, to crack 
grain in a mill : — dalna malnd^ v, a. To 
feel and rub (abusive.) 

DALIJchA tf^tJI s. m. (Jf.) Corrupt- 

ed from the Persian word KaUchaK A 
small carpet, a rag: — zdl dd murid 
ie daMchd khardb. A henpecked husband 
(lit. a wife's disciple) has his cai^et in 
bad order. — Prov. 


s. m. A shrub (Abelta 

triflora,) which grows abundantly in 
many places. It has a petty scented 
flower, and is eaten by goats, but ap- 
pears to be of no special use. 

DALWA tlM^I 8.m. SeeDalhd. 

DALWAf tfM^lif) s.f. The price paid 

for bruising and grinding grain ; bruising 
and grinding grain. 

DALWAIYA ^e?^X7 8. m. A giver ; 
«• g. Dilwayyd. 

DALWAuyA titt^ l Qd l t;. g. To cause 
to be bruised or coarsely ground. 

DALTA t!CO^' «• w. Grain coarsely 
ground, porridge. 

DAM ^gj{ 8. m. Breath, life ; a moment, 

an instant ; boasting, pride ; elasticity ; 
power, strength; the treadle of a 
weaver : — dambdj, 8. m., a. A deceiver ; 
artful, treacherous: — dam hdj4, 8, /. 
Deception, imposture : — dam hai^d hoiid^ 
V, n. To hold one's breath, to be unable 
to speak or answer ; — dam band kamd^ 
V. a. To silence one ; — dam bharnd, v. n. 
To confess, to acknowledge ; to believe in : 
— damchhaddfidj v.n. To breath one's last, 
to expire ; — dam ehafha^ndi v. a. To hold 
breath as in jog ; — dam chafhnd, v. «. To 
pant, to be out of breath : — dam chorduf^d^ 
V, a. To feign fainting or death: — damdn 
dd gdfhd houd, v. n. To be patient or per- 


( 266 ) 


severing i-cfam dd Uh hau Life is blessing 
enough : — dam daldsd, s, m. False hopes, 
Boft words, make-believe; — dam de^d^ 
V, a. To deceive ; to die ; to leave to sim- 
mer, or stew over a slow fire; — dam ghui 
jdftd^ ghufte jdf^di dam ghutfid, v, n. To be 
suffocated ; — hardam, dann dam^ ad. Every 
moment, incessantly, successively : — ih 
dam lai. For a moment; — dam kamd, 
V. a. To blow as a conjurer, to breathe 
on (with a view to remove evil effect) ; to 
leave to simmer, to cook in steam : — da/m 
kardufid, v. a. To cause to be breathed 
an f--'dam 1ehdu%kd, v. n. To have pa- 
tience; to wait or bear patiently; to 
be deceived; to be dressed over a 
slow fire (a stew); — danb khichchf^d or 
toafpiidy V. n. To remain silent; to take a 
wmjff or pull ; — dam^ khttshak AoQd, v. n. 
liL To be dried up (breath), to curdle, 
to freeze one's blood; to be afraid (of 
one); — dam lagdwidj v, a. To smoke 
violently (the huqqa) : — dam laggi^d, v. n. 
To smoke ; — dam lai^d^ v, n. To rest 
oneself, to halt, to stay ; — dam 
mdmd, v. n. To boast ; — dam nikalnid, 
V. n. To go out (one's breath) ; to breathe 
one's last, to expire ;to be dying for love : 
— damroktkdy v. a. To choke, to suffocate; 
— dam Tukk jdf^d^ v. n. To be suffocated 
or choked ; — dam sddhf^dy v. a. To hold 
in one's breath as a religious exercise, 
as some faqirs are said to do for hours 
together :—dam tut jdw, futtf^d^ v,n. . . To 
be unable to hold one's breath, to be out 
of breath; to be dying; — dam ult jdn^d, 
ulftkdy V, n. To be choked, to be suffo- 
cated; to be confused, to be confounded ; 
to be troubled with asthma: — dam 
wadhdux^dy v. a. To exercise one-self 
in holding his breath: — dam wadh^d, 
V. n. To have an exercise in holding one's 
breath ; to be encouraged; — dam wichch, 
ad. In a second; — dam fjoichch du^d, 
V. n. lit. To come in a second ; to be 
cheated, ta be taken in; — dam wiehch 
Idund, V. a. To delude, to impose on; 
to bring into one's trials ; to ensnare ;— 
hoi dam dd pardhuf^d hau The life is 
but a moment's guest or a man is to live 
for a moment only. 

DAM ^W *• ^' ^^^ twenty-fifth part 

of a pice; price, money; a snare for 
catching birds i-^ddm hi^i, khet pidj4. 

Money borrowed on interest (an "bad as) 
the pidji (bhugdt) weed to a field ; t. q, 

DAMA 'gHT*. m. Asthma; a plant iFago' 

nia cretica): — patrdwdld damtM^ *. « 
A slender straggling thorny plaat (4SnZa- 
numgracilipes) found Trans-Indua, in the 
Salt Range, and as far east as Iiabcre 
and Montgomery. In some places the 
small fruit is eaten; in others it is said 
to be collected by hakims to be applied 
in otitis. The leaves are officinal. 

DAMAG ^Wrgi \ s. m. Cor. !of the 
DAMAK ^JWoT ? Arabic word l>afw^. 
DAMAK ^WoT ) The brain ; pride, 

haughtiness, conceit: — damdg na paia 
jdnd, V. n. To be unable to satisfy the 
demands of one's pride : — da/mag wigar^A, 
V. n. To show one's air to; to be in- 
solent or haughty; to have brain disease, 
to become deranged. See Sir. 

DAMAK ^5>lor 8. m. Ardour, gUi- 

ter; — chamuk damak^ $. /. Glitter, 

DAMAKNA ^eWoTS^ t'. n. To shine, 

to glitter. 

DAMAK^A ^PH^oraf^ *. m. A whiff ci 

a huqqd. 

DAMAlA ^JTOJT 8. m. The tail of a 

turban, a cloth bound over a turban and 
allowed to hang down loose behind; 
a raised turban in a conic form worn by a 
AkdU with steel circles and knives on 
his head. 

DAMAmA ^HTHT s. m. (P.) A large 
kettle drum; pomp and show. 

DAMAIJ ^n(S «• «*• The skirt of s 
garment ; the skirt of the hills ; the conn* 
try between the hills and the Indus. 

DAmAISIDOL ^T^iy^ *. t»., a. Corrupt- 
ed from the Sanskrit word Dhdwan dolan* 
A wanderer; destitute, forlorn; %. q- 


( 267 ) 


DAMAnH ISIPQ 8. m. (If.) A plant 

(Fagonta cretica) is found in the Thai 
daring the summer. Camels eat it, and 
medicine is prepared from it to check 
impurity of the blood ; t. q. Damd. 

DAMDAMA ^^F5W '• **• -^ mound, 

a raised battery ; a monument raised in 
commemoration of great Gtxriis among 
the Sikhs. 

DAMGA JA ^eWaifll 8. m. Vain boast- 

BAMI ^'HI 8. m. A hawk either tame 
or wild, but which mewed while wild, 

DAMf DA ^»ft^ 8. w. (M.) A large 

DAMIYA ^5ftfffn 8. m. A small spinous 

weed (Fagonta cretica.) common in most 
parts of the Panjab plains. The plant 
is given as a febrifuge and tonic, and in 
the Peshawar valley it is administered 
to children as a prophylactic against 

DAMKA^A ^Wol^ 8. m. A circular 

piece of leather surmounting the spindle 
of a spinning wheel to serve as a base 
for the broach. 

damkAu^tA ^HSP^JSJ t- «• To 

cause to shine. 

I)AMM ^cU 8. m. Price, money, wealth; 

the twenty-fifth part of a pice ; (in the 
last sense the same as ddm) :---dammd^ 
sdhd, 8. m. A proportionate distribution 
of a bankrupt's property among his 

DAMMAE 9NH«-t»- (^0 A tribe of 

Jats who were originally called Ldf. 
They migrated from Sindh and still 
bear the Sindhi honorific title of jam. 
They claim to be superior to other Jats 
in not giving their daughters in marriage 
outside their own tribe, bat they often 
break this rule. 

pAMMH 3W 8. m. A bum, a brand : — 
^ommft cfo&a, «. a. To biim» to brand $ 

to light, to kindle ; — dammh Idufidt v, a. 
To bum, to brand ; to kin^e, to defame, 
to taunt, to reproach. 

PAMMH]^A 9>[c^ V. a. To bum, io 
brand; to taunt, to reproach. 

DAMNI ^TJ|2^ 8. f. A scrap of a 

shroud kept by the relatives of a deceased 

DAMODAB ^nH^SB \ 9' ^. An epi- 

) thetof OoA 


an epithet given to Kishna by his 

D AM^A ^Wgr 8. nt. Gold and silver, 
a rupee, wealth. 

DAMJElf ^H^ ». /. A quarter of a 

D AMTtJRA ^HH^ 8. m. A plant 
{Hyo8cyamu8 niara)^ frequent in waste 
ground near houses in the Panjab 
Himalaya, where it is stated to be eaten 
by cattle. The seeds are on the Sutlej 
said to be poisonous, and are officinal in 
the plains for their narcotic effects; t. q, 

DAMlJsA ^Syrn s. m. Soe 2>mtf#rf. 

DAN ^T; 8, f. (M,) A pile of jowdr, 

hdjrd or any fodder ;— •*. i». The falling 
of the sticks in the play called ge^dn ; 
the fulfilling of one's purpose; t. q, 

DA^? t!'c£ ^« ♦»• A gift, grant, alms; 
charity ;—#. /. (Pci.) A cord with which 
the bottom of a bedstead is tightened : 
— ddn de%d, hamd, v, a. To make a gift 
or grant, to bestow alms : — ddn pdtar^ 
8. m, lit, A vessel for alms ; a person 
entitled to gift: — ddfi punn, 8. m. 
Charity, alms : — ddfipunn dd tioeldy 8. m. 
lit, A timd.or opportunity for charity 
(spoken aloud by beggars and VahaftU 
in the bazars and streets, when the moon 
or sun js eclipsed) i^-^ddiyd ddfty 8, m. 
Charity for knowledge, teaching gratis. 


8, m. (if.) Force, violence. 



( 268 ) 


DAnA ^T^ I a. Wise, sage, prudent, 

DANA ^^l ) sagacious; met. foolish 

: — ddni hindj a. Wise, intelligent, know- 
ing, clear sighted, prudent, prominent. 

DA^^A t^i^ji 8. m. Grain, com; com 

or pulse (especiallj gram, split gram 
given to horses) ; rations ; a pestle ; dice 
(gamblers) ; a pimple, pustule; also name 
given to fruits ; a grain of any thing (as 
sand) : — dd^ ddr, a. Granulated : — 
ddf^d dUf^dj dwi^kd, s. m. Grain : — ddii^d 
Jchdt^d, 8, TO. Provisions, victuals: — 
hJuukhds dd ddnd, 8. m. Poppy seed : — 
mdld dd ddfkd, 8. to. Bead: — mdtd 
dd dd^d, 8, to. Small pox : — ddf^d pdf^i 
8. m. Food, and drink, bread and water; 
livelihood :—ddlkd pdi^i ufh jdtidf v,- n. 
To eat food and drink water no longer ; 
to die : — ddt^d phakkd, 8, to. A species 
of grain : — ^har dd^d nd phakkd, ammdn 
vihwa gai or ehalU. No grain in the 
house and mother going to grind. — Prov. 
nsed of those persons who are boasting 
in vain : — ddif^e dd^e sir mohar hai. 
Every grain is sealed ; i. e. every grain 
is destined by whom it is to be eaten. 

DANAf t:A"^ ) 8. /. Wisdom, saga- 

DAlf Af tr'A'^n ) city, good sense, 
prudence ; met, foolishness. 

DANAU tJA'QV See Band. 

93 1 8. TO. Hypocrisy in re- 

^9 3 ligious matters ; adop- 
tion of different disguises ; craftiness ; 
a brand, a bum : — Sarnhh dhdrnd^ v, n. 
To adopt different disguises : to be hypo- 
crite, to show friendship externally 
while the heart is full of enmity: — 
^i^hh def^d, v, a. To bum, to brand, to 
light, to kindle, to in&ame: — danhh 
IduWf v,\a. To bum, to brand ; to kindle ; 
to stigmatize ; t. q. Davvmh, 


• • 


DAiSTBHisrA #32? 


To bum, 

brand; to light, 
to kindle; to inflame; to stigmatize. 

) V, a. 
3 to bra 

L fi&h of 

It 18 the 

danbhrA Sggr*./. (3f.) 

the carp family (Lo&eo rohita.) 
best fish in this part of the 

DA^^D %^ "J 8. TO. Cormpted from 
pAND %^ ) the Sanskrit word I>ant. 

Tooth, tusk ;— (M.) A name applied in 
the Gunal valley (in Dera Ismail KIi»n 
district) to get revenue demand ; a tooth 
of rake or comb : — dand hofd, «. w»- One 
whose teeth are broken: — dudh de dand. 

lit. Milk teeth ; to be yet a child. dand 

ghafdi, 8. f. The fee given to one for read- 
ing or writing something, compensation 
given to a Brahman for performing 
religious ceremonies : — dand jhafr^Bj t»- «• 

To fall out or be broken (teeth) : dand 

kadht^e, v. a. lit. To show one's teeth, 
to grin : — dand khand dd chUfd^ 8. m. -A. 
cMrd made of ivory worn by a girl on 
occasion of her marriage : — dand 
khaife hand, v. n. lit. To set on edge 
(the* teeth) ; to be dishearten ; to be 
defeated '.-—-dand khatte kamd, v. a. To set 
on edge (the teeth) ; to dishearten, to 
discourage, to frustrate, to defeat : — 
dand la^gxkd, mdmd, v. n. To bite : — 
dand pihiiie, v. n. To gnash one's teeth, 
to be in a great rage : — dandd^ wicJich 
ungU deud, v. n. To put or press one'« 
forefinger between his teeth, as one does 
when he is struck with astonishment, 
or remorse ; to be amazed, to wonder ; to 
repent : — dand wajjf^e, v. n. To chatter 
(the teeth), to gnash (the teeth). 



^i^") *. TO. (M.) Ai 
ghg) full grown; 

An ox, a bull 
met. a fool. 

DAND sT? 9. f. Punishment, damage, 

a fine ; a cry, a noise ; the name of an 
ornament worn round the arm above 
elbow (generally called idd); an athletic 
exercise in which the hands are placed 
on the ground and then bending down 
so as almost to touch the earth with 
the breast : — ^aa^ hhamd^ de^^ v. s. 
To pay damages, to pay a fine— da«^ 
ka44^^ii pelf^if V. n. To exercise one-self 
in ^9^ : — (jkm^ 2a»Q(l, v. n. To levy a 


( 269 > 


fine :— r^' ^^, s. f. Punishment by 
the Goyernment : — qlai^ machduikii piu- 
t|i, V. n. To make a noise, to cry out. 

DA^dA ^I^)«. hi. a pile, a heap, 

DAISTDA %^) (of the chaff of wheat, 

gram, Ac.,) ; the tooth of a saw, rake, 
{ja^rd)^ or of a comb ; a notch in an 
edged tool (generally used in theplnral) ; 
— {M,) A high barsdl part of the 
district between the Pachid and the 
Sindh. Iirigation in the Daredl is mostly 
by wells. 

DAljrpA %S^ 8. m. A stick, a staff, a 

club, a thick post, a flag-staff :—^a«ie 
fffajdut^ej V. n. To wander about for 
begging from shop to shop with beating 
sticks (by Suthraa) ; to play on sticks : 
— dande mdr, 8, m. One who is in the 
habit of beating with a stick : — dandd 
thoharj 8, w. The name of a prickly 
plant {Euphorhia Boyleana) ; its milk is 
used as a medicine. 

DANDAL ^^^JSS *-w- (K.) a kind 
of wooden plough used after the ground 
has been ploughed once, and smoothed 
by a mace, the clods are again broken 
and smoothed by a mace. 

DAIJDALA $tfW s. m. The eaves 
of a house. 

DA^D AlI ^tJ'Sfl I «. m. A harrow, 
DAlSJlDALf §^ljj^ ) a wooden rake ; 
i. g. BdtaH, 

DANDA^ €f^IS *•/• A faint, swoon, 

stuper: — dandaxk pai jdf^i^ 2iato»» »• «• 
To faint, to go off in a swoon. 

DANDAnA §tfW '-^^ The tooth of 
a saw, or of a comb. 

dakdanAu^tA ^At!A>Q3^ «, n. 

To rejoice, to continue happy. 

DANDARWA tltfd^' '-'^^ A plant 
(^Seopolia praeaUa) common in waste 

grounds in parts of Chenab basin, and 
apparently found sparingly Trans-Indus 
in tho plains. In the hills the leaves 
are applied to boils, and are also said to 
be poison, the mouth erwelling from their 
touch, and the head and throat being 
affected when they are eaten. 

DANDAsA ^ri^W 9. m. The bark of 

Akhrof (Jtiglatu regta) tree used for 
women's tooth sticks, or for chewing to 
give a red colour to the lips ; it is said 
to prevent the formation of the tartar. 

pAljrpAUT #^H ) '• «». Corrupted 
DA^DAUT %§g) from the San- 

skrit word Dan^vat. Prostration before 
Gk>d, or a superior, or a god with one's 
face on the ground, a Hindu salutation, 
obeisance : — dan^ut kamd^ v, n. To pro- 
strate oneself. 

DANDAYYA %^^ 8. m. A kind of 
hornet or wasp. 

DAlSTDELf Xl^i^ 8. /. (M.) A plant. 

DAlSipf %^ 8. /. A division of San- 

ydd SddMs ;—(M.) The upright stick 
of the churning staff. 

pANpf %9] 8. /. A handle ; the beam 

of a pair of scales ; penis, memhrum 
virile] the name of a. silver or gold orna- 
ment worn by women in the ear; a 
straight or strait path ; the hoop of a 
signet ring ; the hoop of fruits, Ac. ; 
a mendicant who carries a staff in hia 
hands : — ^a«d» hUtlj ». /. (Gleome ruta). A 
small inconspicuous plant with a yellow 
flower and a strong rutaceous smell, 
which is common in many places in the 
Panjab plains from the Sutlej west- 
ward, and up to the Suleman Bange. In 
the Southern Panjab the plant is pound- 
ed and taken for colic. 

DANDf %^ 8.f. Fem. of Dani ; a rope 

stretched across the side rails of a bed- 
stead near the foot, to serve as a base 
for the bottom which is woven round it 

(270 ) 


on one mde, »nd tHe cording rope on the 
other ; a heap of sand, &c. ; the name of 
a conntry. 

pA^pfA 'S^tnV «• vt. See Da/ndyd. 

DA^Dlli ^ti)*!>l ». m. (M.) A thin 

straw of silver or gold with a sharp 
point m the neck in order to clean the 
teeth after taking food ; %. q, Chhing, 

DAl^TD^A ^t;4> V. a. To apply the 
teeth to, to nibble, to eat. 

DAljrDf Jt %^^tS 8, /. The teeth in the 

two jaws : — dancUf batpikif tra^{, v, n. 
To clench the teeth. 

DA^HDKAN ^tio(A «• «»• (PoL) See 

DA^iTDO ^^ *./.") A person with 
DAlliTDtT tr^t! «. w». ?• prominent npper 
DA^jTOtJ ^ig *. m. J teeth. 

DAljjfDO DA¥A^^T2T|,. m. The 

DA^iTDtt D AlgrA ^ ^131 ) name of 
a medicine. 

DAlSrDJtlKKA ^tfdToC s. f. Gnash, 
ing the teeth. 

DAl^t^BA ^^yi «.m. A plant (Uyo^- 

eyamuB nigra) freqnent in waste ground 
near honses in the Panjab Himalja, 
where it is eaten by cattle. The seeds 
are on the Sntlej said to be poisonous, 
and are officinal in the plains for their 
narcotic effects ; «. q. DanU£rd. 

pA]$rpYA dsHfP t. «i. A collection of 

market duties; a strong clnb; a clot 
worn hy females. 

DAliirO ^xH <^' Stmck, astonished, amaied; 

— «./. (J^.) An embankment in a stream 
turn water into a canal : — dang dudl^ 
damg dawdl^ #. m. Appnrtenanoee, for. 
nihire, apparatss; c «». Aoni, haji^ 

DAl^G- sTST t« m« A stmg of a seorpicn 

or a wasp, or other venomons injsects 
or reptiles ; a time ; — (M,) A dsie in 
that stage of ripeness when ofne side 
turns brown and soft, as if it had been 
stung : — dai^g chopof^dj v, a. To show 
friendship externally while the heart is 
full of enmity, to endeavour to satisfy 
one with flattering words : — ^ang did 
dttd, 8, m. Flour for a time ; t. «. as much 
as is required once: — diang lai^ghdu^a^ 
V. a. To pass a time, to complete a 
period : — 4^ng mdmd^ v. a. To stin||^ : — 
kanUne di ydri waihiihen or ufh4ei^ dd dLa^g. 
The friendship of the base is like a scor- 
pion's sting. — Prov. 

DAISIG ^THI *. m. (If.) Corrupted from 

the Persian word Ddg,. A spot, stain, 
mark : — thtU ihtU heft Mti waindi pd^d ; 
Makke wanj dhdnwtn^ medd ydr laga dang 
nd lahsid. The boat is being shoved off 
and moving further from the shore ; my 
love ! you should go and bathe at Mecca ; 
this stain will be removed (in no other 
way.).— Song. 

pAlSTG gr^ 8.f. A stick carried in the 

hand, a staff, a club ; — ddng mdmiy v. a. 
To cane : — chordn de kapfe te ddngdn de 
gaj. Stolen property (clothes) and clubs 
for yard measures : — Prov. used of any 
property sold at comparatiyely cheapest 

DA^^GAUTRA dd?:(> «. «. (Pot) See 

DANGGA^fgn A quarrel, aedi. 

tion, riot, disturbance, breach of the pub- 
lic peace : — dangge hdj^ 8. m* One who 
commits a riot, one who quarrels:—* 
dangge hdji^ 8, /. Quarrelling, sedition : — 
danggd kamd, v, a. To commit a riot, to 
make a disturbance ; c. ir. ho^. 


8* lit. 

Any preparation 

applied to cloth, Ac., previous to colouring 
it ; a platform of stone with earth in the 

DANGGAf ^dl^ 



contentious; seditionB, iBMstions; tnrba- 
lent| riotous. 


( 271 ) 


DA^GGAIT ^§^ t.m.f. A qu»rr«l. 
some, aeditiooB penoo. 

DANGGAt %3r9S »• «i. A crowd, a 

mnltitiide ; »n amphitheatre ; arena 
especially for wrestling. 

pAlSIGGAB #gra *. «. Cattle ; met. 
a stupid, a simple man. 

pANGGARf rfidlcfl I s. m, A man of 

DANGQARTJ ^ijl^ 3 little sense ; a 

stapid or foolish fellow; one who lives 
all the time among cattle. 

DANGG^jTA 3 did' ^-n. To sting. 

I>ANGf ^igft 8.f, (if.) A circular iron 

vessel in which grain is roasted : — ddngi 
ddtaldmunh^tenainEoshan Kkdt4n, A 
face like the bottom of a ddngi and her 
name is Lady of lAght i-^chandn jo 
ddngi wichch fapde air apf^d bhaf^de. 
The gram that jumps in the frying-pan 
breaks its own head : — Prov. ; i. g, 

dAnqo pAi^Gf gfgf grgft a. 

Fighting with sticks ; c. vo, lafyi^d. 

DANGSHALTS ^ dltitt^H *. m. A 

plant (Cemvallaria verticiUcUa.) It has a 
pleasant flavour. 

D-^Nf sT^ 8. f. (M.) The beam of a 
pair of scales. 

PANJH§^J^./. Thirst ; deficiency:— 

DANJH grgrj ^lyAiAM^W,*./. Thirst 
and hunger; scarcity. 

pA^K Sof 8. m. The sting of a venom- 
ous insect or reptile. See Dang. 

I>ANK grsr s.f. SeeDdk. 

PANKA ^ofT 8. m. Corrupted from 
the Sanskrit word Dai^. A drum stick, 

a double drum, a kettle drum :-^nhe 
di chot Iduni, v, n. To proclaim by beat 
of drum ; to speak out or in public 

PANKA W8P *. m. See JDdkd. 
pAlSTKtf arrgr ,. ^. a n>bber. See 


PAnKATA WoCnp i.m. A postman; 
t. q. Ddhld. 

DANN ^ 8. /. A pil6 of stalks of 
Jowdr^ Ac. 


DANN S75 ,./. Penalty, pnnishment, 
a fine. See Danel. 

• » . 

DANNA ^TS? 8. w. A stick used in 
the play called ge^i ; ». q. 0^4^ 

DANNA ^r^ a., #. m. Wise ; a 
grain pit, store, a pit where money is 
kept ; a grave:~danwtf binnd, a. Wise 
sagacious, knowing; i. g. Band. * 

PANNAN #SS ,. /. ^M.) A tooth 

brush, rather a stick which serves that 
purpose ; t. q. Ddta^. 

o. t7. To iBbe, to 



PANNI ^2^ «. /. (M.) A thin wooden 

handle. The handles of a wooden spoon 
{doi), razor and fan, and the beam of a 
pair of hand-scales, are called Danni. 

DANNO ^I ft 8. m. A demon, a giant 

DAnT ^13 8.m. A tooth. Sceda/^d-,— 

(K)\ A weed (Baliospermwn Indtctsm) 
common at places in the Panjab Siwalik 
belt and Cis and Trans-Indus. Its seeds 
are cathartic, and probably furnish 
greater part of the Jamdlgofd of the drug- 

DANT %S ». w. A giant, a lacrge ele- 
phant. SeeDait . . 


( 272 ) 


DA!?Tf %^ 8.f. A yellow mineral 

drag used for medical purposes and 
painting ; artemisia elegaru. This plant 
aas a very wide range of g^wth, being 
found np in the Himalaya, and abounding 
in many parts of the Pan jab plains, 
especially in the arid desert tracts. Its 
branches appear to be officinal in the 
Pan jab, their smoke being considered 
good for bums, and their infusion is 
given as depurative. 

DANtJ t!'^*» w** Pomegranate (Pttntca 
gratiatus); u q. NaspdL 

DAIJU tj'W «• w*. Side, direction; a 

rope tied to a horse's feet to keep him 
from running away. 

DAlJUJirf ^Q^ f . /. A gold ornament 
worn by women on their forehead ; i, q. 

r. m. 1 
e.f. \ 

(M,) A rope 
by which 

the forelegs of an animal are tied to- 
gether when g^razing, a hobble. DdnwaiU 
IB a triple cord of silk, either plain or 
strung with beads, which women wear 
on the head, with each end tucked behind 
an ear. 

pAijjrwANpoL iji^i^j6 «. tn. a 

wanderer. See Bawdi^dol^ ddmd^doL 

pA??WAR ifi^d «. rn. (M.) A spider. 

Colic in animals is supi>08ed to be caused 
by their eating a spider with the grass : — 
^Mi^toar wdi^ge^ $<ibbo kamm fareb dd his, 
like a spider, all his deeds are treacher- 

DAisrwARAwAiir j^d ' ^db »• «• (^') 

To hobble, to tie two leg^ of an animal 
together to prevent its straying. 

DAP ^fV $. m. See Dtp. 


I A gallop, galloping, 
) running; curse, rebuke. 

") V. n. T 
j to ruBb, 

To gallop, 
to run; 


DAPAf jifA -gu^^ 

to rebuke: — dapaf defkd^ v. n. To make 
(a horse) to run; to rebuke. 

DAPHI gr^ 8. m. (If.) A wooden 

trowel with a round handle used for 
stirring sugar-cane juice, rice and meat 
while cooking. 

DAPHALA?? 3^1353 8. /. 

DAPHAlI ^^Ij^ 8. m. 

DAPHALtA ^^IjJ j ^O P '• ^* 

on tambourine. 

DAPHLA 9QeO> '• m. A sort of tam- 

pAPHLf S^Sft)*./. Diminutive of 

DAPH^f ^^^ ) ^aphld :--dapm or 

daphfl wajjx^i^ v, n. To be disgraced by 
quarrelling or disputing; i. q. Dafjri. 

DAPPA^ '^S^Z 9. m. See Dapaf. 

pAPPH ^pg 8. m. A tambourine ; t. q, 


DAPPHA S%» 8. m. (M.) The eye of 
a needle; u q. Nakhd. 

pAPPH^rA ^^S' ^' a- To eat and 

drink to excess, to gormandize. 

pAP^AinirA gi|57§ST ^' a. To 


D AR ^y 8. m, A door ; price, rate, price 

established by Gk>vemment : — dor bhich- 
chhak, dar bichchh, «. m. A beggar: — dar- 
dar vhimdj dar badar phtmd^ dar badar 
mdH dd phirx^df v. n. To go from door to 

P AB 3H 8. m. Fear, terror, alarm :— 

4ar de^d, pdujj^df v. a. To intimidate, to 
frighten, to put in fear : — ^r ndl^ ad. 
By intimidation : — kt ^ar ha%, intj. Fear 
nothing, never mind, no matter. 


( 273 ) 


^^5 ^^ s. f. The sound of a body 
falling forcibly on the ground ; silence :— 
dar jamifk tejd puind, v. n. To fall flat 
on the ground i-^dar mdmU waUfki, v. n. 
To remain silent. 

pAR ^rg 8, f. The line of birds in 
flight, the line of cattle, while running ; 
a flock :— dJr det^d, v. a. See Ddma, 

D ARa ^g? 8, m. A passage ;— 5, /. (3f .) 

A fish common in the rivers and dhands 
(Rohtee coh'o— Day). It attains three or 
four inches in length, and is good to eat. 

BArA tJ'd" s. /. Corrupted from the 

Sanskrit word D(fr. Wife;— *. m. Name 
of the Persian King vanquished by Alex- 
ander the Great; the name also of the 
eldest son of Shah Jahan one of the 
Mughal Emperors. 

DARA ^?3T 8. m., a. An Ahmad Shdhi 

rupee ; concealment ; promiscuous, good 
and bad together ; ripe mangoes' taken as 
they fell down from a mango tree: — dard 
fndma, v. n. To disappear, to hide, to go 
into concealment (spoken of a collection 
of people). 

DARAB ^?gq 8, w. See DoH i^-darab 

Mr, 8. m. A tree (Pinus hngifolia)- 
See Chilh, 

DARABB ^^g 8.m. The sound of a 

body falling flat on the gi-ound i—darabb 
karke diggi^d, t\ n. To fall down flat. 

DARABBAR ^eU^^ s. /. (Z.) a 

smooth grassy place or lawn. 

DARABH ^gg 5. m. (if.) A strong 

coarse grw^fl (EragrosHs cynosurotde^) 
with long roots. It remains green all the 
year round, is poor fodder, and very diffi- 
cult to eradicate ; i, q. Babbh :~-darahh. 
wait, s, f, A poor soil overgrown with 
a. coarse grass :-;;min(ia'r darabh dipdr 
hin. Ztmindars are roots of darabh.—Frov 
(Rulei-8 change, hut ziminddrs last for 

DARABf ^gn^../. A scale for weigh- 
ing light articles, such as pearls ; a stick 

from which a plumb line is hung;-- 
8, m. {Pot.) A servant of mules. 

DARAGA?f tJddlrfl s. / (3f.) a 

cAopaii baked on one aide only. With 
the unbaked side covered with o^^ and 
placed next the hair, it is put on the 
head as a cure for headache : ». a. Lhaa- 
gari, ^ ^ 

DARAGHIRAN ^gfUlH;^ ,;. «. (M) 

To lengthen, to protract. 

DARAfN ^3^,.^. (7f.) An inflated 

buffalo's skin used as a buoy in ferrviuff 
a stream. . ^ ^ 

DARAIS. ^grfej? .. /. Desire, ^t. 
need ; t. q. Barda. 

DARAK ^g^ ,. ^ Knowledge J 

entrance ; interference ; c. w. Deorf. 
PARAK^ ^gioT >.a. Timid, 
DARAKA g ^ji^^ i f cowapdly, fear- 
CARACAL =w ji,. ., \ fal. 

DARAkH ^gitf ,. f. ^M.) A grape , 
u 5. Bdkh, 

DARAKHAN ^U>:fTS ,. ^. (^j ^ 

carpenter:— c2araA-/ia« pakhi, s, m A 
wood-pecker (lit. the carpenter-bird) — 
tama latthd te darakhdn wiesarid When 
the wish was satisfied the carpenter was 
forgotten.— Prov. ; t. j. TarkUtk. 


> ) 



w. A tree. 

DA5AKKA ^^1,,^. Crouching:^ 

darakkd mdrnd, v. n. To threaten to 
awe. » ^ 

DARAKIJA .^gSr^T ..„. Tobecrack. 
ed, to be split, to have a diarrhoea. 

DAR Am ^^or^r„. «. To skulk, 
to crooch, to be awed. 

DARAL ^gSJ ,. ^. j, t^ ^p^^^ 
toona serrata). 


< 274 ) 


». wi, (M.) A 
kind of aoil, con- 

DAJALLA tffTj^l «. m. Heavy rain; 

a profnse distribution of wealth; e. q, 

DA?AM ^^l^W «. w. See Dif^. 
DARAMA? ^egwSf 


sisting of a thin layer of clay, with sand 
immediately below. With abundant 
irrigation it produces the finest crops of 

DARAMM ^^ 8, m. The sound of a 

body falling flat on the ground : — 
daramm karke diggxid, dtggpai^, v. n. To 
fall down flat ; u g. Bafabb, Bhafabb, 

DARAN ^igj^ 8. m. {K). See BanH. 

darAnge ^^grgl ,. w. (x:.) a shrub 

{Sageretta oppositifolia); t. q. Giddafddkh, 

DARAnGIJ tfd'dl «. wi. {K.) A shrub 

(Berchemia spinosd) which is not uncom- 
mon from the Sutlej to the Chenab. In 
most places the small black fruit is only 
eaten by goats, in a few men also eat it. 

DARANf tJd'dl s, /. The wife of a 
husband's younger brother. 

DARA^ l^dff ) *• '»"'• Coarsely ground 
BARAGA ^^-{1 ) grain or medicine: — 

daraf pharof, darafd pharafd, s, m, lit. 
The same as daraf\ anything not care- 
fully done. 

DARAR tJd*d '• '"*'* A rent, a crack. 

DARA^NA tJdrIA' V. a. To grind 
coarsely, to bruise ; to subdue. 

DARAS ^d'W «• w. See Bardis. 

D A^AlJ tJrfQ »' ^- The bucket wheat 

{FagttpyniTn esculentum) chiefly used by 
Hindiis, as it is to them phalokdr^ u e., 
lawful to be used during their fasts. 

DARAiJ ^dl@ «. Terrible, formidable. 

DARATHjtA tif^lQ^T V. a. To conceal, 

to crouch. 

DARAUNA ^d'Qd' »• a- To make 

afraid, to alarm, to frighten ; — a. Fright- 
ful, dreadful, terrifying, tremendous. 

DARAwA ST^T^ *. m. Fear, an in- 
strument of terror; — (M.) A scarecrow. 

DARAWf t!d^ s, m, (K.) See Baral. 

DARB t;d^ *• w« Wealth, property, 

DARB A t:f<^' «• ^- -A. hen-house, a 

DARBA$I. tid^'C *• '"^' ^ door-keeper. 

DARBANANf tfd^l'A^ '• /• A 

female door-keeper, a door-keeper's wife. 

DARBAR tfd^^d «. ^' ^ court, a 

hall of audience, the holding of a court, 
royal audience, a levee held by a 
Native Prince or high English oflScer ; 
a council of a Native State including 
the Chief : — darbdr Jor darbdr sdhiby 8,m, 
The common appellation of the great 
Sikh Temple at Amritsar, also used in 
the case of some other places sacred to 
the Sikhs in other parts of India; 
an appellation of Oranth Sdhib (the 
Sikh Scripture) ; c. w. karnd. 

DARATf tld'^ ) «. /. A sickle ; t. q. 
DARATf tid'cH 3 ^*<» ^<^^^- 

DA?IBA5A t^fj^fjl 8. m. A mixture of 

fluid and solid food ; a kind of sweet- 

DARBAr! tidyJ! a.. 8. m. Pertain- 
ing to the court, attending court ; one 
entitled to a seat in a Barbdr^ a courtier. 

DARBf ^g^ 8. m. A rich man. 

DARCHfNf tJidtftdl «. /. See JDd/- 
chit^i in Bdl, 



( 275 ) 


DARCHOB t;>dtJii s. f, A tree 

{Jierheris aristata) which is found in Trans- 
Indus hills. Its stems are used as dia- 
phoretic, and laxative in rheamatism. 
The root is nsed largely in the native 
sysstem. of medicine to cure pain in the 
Btotnach and in diarrhcea, and is also 
nibbed with oil externally in cases of 
rheumatism. The dried extract of the 
root rcusaut is externally nsed as a purga- 
tive for children, and especially as 
an application on the eye in cases of 

DAUD ^cJt; «./. Pain; pity; sym- 
pathy ; grief, sorrow : — dardband, dard- 
mand^ dardwand, a. Compassionate, sym- 
pathetic, afflicted. See Fir. 

DARDAlSr trdtre «. f.lSeedard-mand 
DARDI ^Htfl s. m. \ in Bard. 

DARDARA tidtid' «. Coarse, half 
pounded (as flour). 

I) AREK ^9o( "l «. /. The name of a tree. 
DAREK ^^oT ) See Bakaii^, DheTc, 

DARENDlJ t!9^ *• ^- (^') A small 

tree (Adelia serrata) common in the 
Siwalik tract up to the Chenab. Its 
wood is used for fuel and charcoal. 

DARER tj9rf «. /. Pressing down, 
grinding ; awing ; c. to. heth dwQd. 

DARE5A t^dW *• wi. Very hard rain. 

BARE^NA ^83J^ t7. a. To press 
down, to grind ; to awe. 

DARES t!§fl) «. ^., o. A kind of 

DARESH ^9ti ; c^^^^J (^^' 0^ ^^«' 
word Dress), in order, in a line, regular. 

DARGAH tfddMO I «. /. A court; 
DARGAhA tfddMd' ) ^J^^ presence ; 

a Muhammadan shrine, or the tomb of 
Bome reputed saint, an object of worship 
And pilgrimage. 

DA9H ^JT3 sf. See Dakar. 

DA^HA tf*rf' «• «*- A long and thick 

DARHALD tJ'ddSJt; 8. m. See Ddr- 

DARh! ^^) *• /• T^® beard;— (If.) 
pA^lHI ^l-i] j An earthen pot for cook- 
ing: — ddfhi shekhdn di ie kamm shai' 
tdndn de. His beard is that of a priest 
but his acts those of fiends. 

DA5HNA tJ'^A' V. a. To chew, to 

devour, to grind with the teeth ; to eat 

D ARHUTT tfr^d'd «. -w. The son of a 
husband's younger brother. 

D ARI ^Ql *. /. A carpet ; also suffix to 
some words such as hdrdn dari, 

DArI ti'dl '• /• Receiving, entertain- 
ing, treating kindly, also suffix to some 
words such as khdtarddrl ; a female slave 
taken in war (properly), but used as a 
term of sportive abuse. 

DArI ^rgja. Obstinate, impertinent, 

violent, sui^icious or bad character 

dArIA t;*J]^ »•^• 

bourine ; u q. Bdriyd, 
DARiA ^feW 


i 8* ffl, 

) met. 

A river ; 
a person of 

vast knowledge or information : — dartd- 
hurd, 8. m. Land carried away by the 
encroachments of a river, diluvion: — 
darid hurd hojdnd, v. n. To be cut away 
by a river: — darid hurdi, s. /. Dilu- 
vion '.—darid chafHd, The rising of a* 
river; i. g. Daryd. 


< 276 ) 


DARIAFAT ^fevMngg ». w. Under- 
standing, knowledge; discovery; c. w. 

DARlAf ^fe>M^ 8. /., a. Corrupted 

from the Persian word Darydi. Belong- 
ing to a river or sea ; a kind of narrow silk 
cloth of various colours {gros de Naples) ; 
satin: — daridi ghord, .«?. m. The Hip- 
popotamus^. — daridi narel, 8. f. The 
sea cocoanut. 

DARfDAf tiJltJIilt*. /. A midwife. 

DARIDDAR ^(cTtid *• w. ) 

DARIDDARTAf ^f ^tfdd'^ *• /• ) 


Poverty^ wretchedness ; %, q, Baliddar, 

DARIDDARl? ^f^^^S «. /. | A 
DARIDDARf ^f^^g| s. m.Jpoor 
wretched person ; i, q, Baliddat^. 

DARIGHA ^feuiT a. {M). Corrupted 
from the. Sanskrit word Diragh. Long. 

DARIGHIRA ^rfefUigr a. (If.) Some- 
. what long. 

DARf J^A ^i^tTS^ s, m. A shoe- 
maker's tool. 

DARI^JKHARf ^(cJA^^ «• m. It is 

a tall herbaceous plant {Datisea canruihina) 
exceedingly like hemp in appear^tnce. In 
some of the places where it grows, the 
yellow root is used to aid in^ dyeing ted; 


DARIRH ^fe^ ) 6'f- I-'i" 
DARI^HTA ^f^gr ) of mind, 
solation, strength ; i. g. Difb. 


DARIS-y ^IcJMc! 8. /. Sight, vision:— 
darisf k^t, kur^f, s. m. An enigma. 

DARISTANT ^fijW^id s. m. An 

•illastration, a palpable, a simile, an in- 
stance, a precedent. 

DARIl^N ^fgg'cS 8. m. {K,) Pome- 
granate {Punica granatum). 

DARJ ^UtT «. /. Corrupted from the 

Persian word Darz. A seam or suture (of 
a garment), a crack, a crevice; — s. tn. 
Insertion, entry, registration ; c. tef, kama. 

DARJ A ^^tlT s. m. Corrupted from the 

Arabic word Darjah. A step, a degree ; 
rank, dignity ; compartment : — darje 
hadarje, ad. Each in his own degree ; in 

DARJAN tJdtid ^' /• ^ tailoress, 

the wife of a tailor ; a dozen (cor. of 
English word dozen). 

D ARjf ^cJtlt s. m. Corrupted fitjm the 

Persian word Barzi. A tailor: — darji- 
gari, s.f. The business of a tailor. 

D ARKANA tidctil V. n. See Daraknd. 

D ARKAlSr A ^f}o(C' ^'- »*■ See Dofok^a. 

DARKAR tldcrf^ 8.f.,a. Need, neces- 

sity ; required, necessary, needful, want- 

DARKAiJn t;do{l§^ «. /. {FoL) The 

fruit of the Dhek tree. 

DARKAUNA ^3ofT@SI r. a. To snub, 
to awe, to make crouch. 

DARKHAWASTf ^U>;r?T7|^ a. (3/) 



AR ^rgjl^rg | «. /. Agree- 
ARf ^Tgj4^ig[.) ment, stipu- 
lation, adjustment of a dispute ; making 
false pix)mises. 

DARMAhA ^UK^ ) *• w. Monthly 
DARMAhAN ^gwrgfT ) wages. 

D ARNA tJSfA' ^ «• To hide oneself 
through fear (as a bird.) 

DARNA 3ig?5T V. a. To throw, to 



X ^n ^) 


pARNA 3UJ5T V. «. To fear, to be 
alarmed, to be frightened. 

DABO ^^ s, m. (fi-.) Wbeat (Trtticum 
cBstivum) ; t. q. Kauak. 

DAROB ^§g s. m {Tot.) A largest 

prickly shrub ((7ara^a»a ragacanthoides) 
which occurs in Hazara. 

DAROGA trddl' «. m. Corrupted from 

the Persian word Ddrogah. A superin- 
tendent, the head-man of an office:— 
darofjd dbkdrl, s. m. A superintendent 
of distillery i—darogd jel khdnd, s. m. 

DAROHAL tf ddW s. m. (3f.) Rubbing 
the palm of the hand against the face of 
a person, which is a very gross insult. 
It is an aggravated form of Bujjd. 

DAROHf ^^ s.f, (3f.) An oath:- 

tain kUn hajrat Sulemdn di darohi, jo agen 
mard medd chd nitohi. I swear to you 
by the prophet Solomon, it was yo^ who 
formerly carried off my husband. 

DAROf ^t^ I ,. ^. BoUl, 
DAROHf ^§tft I appeal to any 

DAROK 5§or 8, m. (M.) Running, 

a rush : — panhdi darok pait^dile tdin. 
The run of. a weaver is only as far as 

DAROKHA ^e^T 8, m. (Pot.) A lamp- 
stand with a wall; t. q. Dawdkhd.^ 

DAROK^f StoT^*. /. pf.) Dim. of 

Darok : — maif^ sharm kan4^ darokfi bdhar 
gins. From shame I made a rush and 
went out.— Story of the Four Fools. 

DAR0PA9 ^^l^s.f.(Pot.) Abroad 

consisting of two layers like the two 
crusts of a pie generally cooked with 
butter or ghee; i. g. X^gpaf. 




8. m. The bark of the 

hirch tree (Betula Bhojputra) ; i. q. 

ARPAN ^^SMS ^.w. A mirror, a 
looking glass. 


RS / «. rn. 
9<£ ) from 

DARPHOKfirA ad€<«d ' *. m. A 

DARRO ^ 8. /. {Pot.) A magis- 
terial character, state, dignity. 

DARS ^3T? 8. m. Corrupted from the 
Sanskrit word Darsh. Light, seeing,' 
appearance; a lesson, a leeture :— ^lar* 
pars, 8. m. Seeing and touching (spoken 
of an idol or other sacred object andf 

DARSAL tJd «'<»«./. (M) TUsido.. 
post of a door-frame. 

the Sanskrit 

word I}ar*Aan. Sight, appearance, seeing- 
an interview, viait ; the sight of an. 
image of a god or a temple; one of the 
SIX religious or philosophical systems of 
Tj ^^^^^^J * crystal earring worn by 
Jogis ; the orthodox sects of Hindus^ % / 
Brahman8, Sanydsts and Jogiei—darsai 
dena, t?. a. To give one a sight of himaeM 
to appear before one :—fatah darmxk. The 
mode of salutation adopted by Banda 
Baii-agithe military leader after Guru 
Govind Singh :^jharokkd darsaf^, ,. «,. 
Ihe window in the palace of Dehli or' 
Lahore in the Mughal times, through 
which the great Mughal used to show 
himself, to the people below :--t?ar*an 
kama, v. a. To see, to have an interview • " 
to visit a sacred shrine-^ar^ao parsat^[ 
8. m. Seeing and touching (spoken of ^ 
idol or other sacred object or any saint)- 
interview, meeting or visit. 

I>ARSA$rf ^UTr^|a. Good-looking,- 
DARSHA^lf ^g^r^l beautiful, hand- 
some, comely, worthy to be seen.— 
darsaiat, darshatki jawdfky 8, m. A good- 
looking young man, a handsome youn^ 
man i—darsam, darshani deuhrh 8x /. The 
out door of a temple; the name of the 
threshold leading to pass the bridge to the 
Golden Temple at AmAtBari-^darsa^i 
(kirwdjjdy 8. m. A gate leading to Guru kd 
B(uar&tAjnriiBSLT:^dar8hamhundiy s, /. 
A bill of exchange or draft payable at sight. 


( 278 ) 


DARSHA^jfA t!dUAi W I 
DARSANfK ^BTJT^ ^""'^ "'""''''' 
DARSHANfK tidtiAlot J ^ ^^ ^^^'^' 

DARTtJ t!drl s,f, A tree {Amaranthus 

D AJltJ ^T3 «. m. The shell of the pome- 
granate, a pomegranate ; i. q. Ddfam. 

DARU tl^d *• *>*• Gunpowder; a draught 

of medicine, drug; cure, remedy; wine, ar- 
dent spirits: — daru darmaly 8. m. Medi- 
cine; application of medicine: — ddr4 
darHtU^ a. m. Tunica granatum. See 

8, m. A timid person, a 


dariJd ^^^ 
dAriJd tl'dtJ 

3 I 


The praise of 
Muhammad ; bless- 

ings: — darHd pafhi[i<l, v. a. To praise, 
to bless, to call down blessings: — dar4d 
fdtiah, 8, m. Obsequies. 

DAptJ'H ti^d »• wi. The sound of a 

body falling Hat on the ground. See 
Bafamniy Darabb, Dhofahh, 

DARIJhAL ^dvJJf 8. m. (ilf.) Dragg- 
ing: — kef hi nibhai mukaddamd kare; dar4- 
hot vd bhoge te take toi bhare. Who is the 
luckless woman that will go to law, she 
will suffer dragging and lose her money 
too. — Prov. 

DARl^HAN tJddA" V. a. (If.) To drag 

along the ground, to drag into court : — 
jHZuU de putarharan sdmbhid, dar^h daruh 
mdr ghatius. The weaver's son had a pet 
deer, and he dragged it about till he 
killed it: — in kUn daruh dariih ke mu- 
Jcaddmd jitsdn, I will drag him about till 
I win the case. — Kachaihri amenttiea. 

D ARUKAN tfdo^A v. t». (3f .) To run :— 

chdty chor, churdsi assdn, hamld hitd chorduj 
drukiose asadn, Idnat chordn, ahdbds assdn. 

There were four thieves, and exg-hty-ft— 
of us ; the thieves attacked ns, we n: 
away; damn the thieves f well done <xr 
side! — A story told in mockery of tiieco^^ 
ardice of Kirdrs. 

)AlllJKRf ^gar^ 8. m. (TT.) A pmrj 

climber {Cissus camosa) which is found '^ 
several of the valleys and occurs in paro 
of the plains. It is eaten by camel» ir 
the latter, and in Jammu the root ^toxllI 
with black pepper, is applied to boil* 
i, q. WaMr, Giddaf ddkh. 

^ARt^MAL ?raW55 8. m. {]d^) Cor- 
rupted from the Persian word Jumiai 
A collection, a horde. 

lARI^MBf ^|M^ 8.m. (Pat.) A 

plant ^Arundo donax) which is common 
wild and frequently cultivated in ih** 
Panjab plains. The leavea are used for 
fodder, and the stems for hukah-tabes, 
chiks (screens), baskets, hurdles- t. g 
Nafy NafL ' * ^' 

(K.y A weight 

DARIJn ^go s. m. 
equal to eigixtjhinHs, 

DARi5i?DA ^^ 8, m. See IHnsd. 

DARU^A ^^ 3. m. {M.y A fish be^ 

longing to the carp family {Rarbug chrin 
8opteru8 of Day and Beavan) common m 
the rivers and dAancfc. It attains four 
and five inches in length, and is good 
to eat* 



DARlJs ^e^ 8. m. (PoL) A shrub 

{CalUcarpa incana). In Hazara the leaves 
heated are applied to rheumatic joints. 

DARUST xidUd a. Right; true, just, 

proper, fit, sound, entire, accurate. See 

DARUSTf ^'dH^ «. m. Rectitude, 

soundness, fitness, propriety, amendment^ 
reformation, accuracy, arrangement. 

t:^gS» s. m. ) Spirits, wine, 
8. f. J spirituous 



< 279 ) 


^' i lusbuid's younger brother. 

The son of a 

ffV ) rapt 


pted from 

lRwajjA ?g g^ tTT 

ihe Persian word Dcurvdzah, A door : — 
iarwdjd mdrnd, v. a. To shut the door: — 
iarwdjd uch^ kaddhtkd, saUf^d, v. n. To 
frequent, to visit a place frequently. 

IRWATYA irg^CT ) a. Fearful, 
IRWAIYA sT^^Qfr j timid, coward- 

ARWARf ^g^r^ 8, m. See DarhdH. 

ARWES tfd^fr ) a.m. A dervise, 
ARWESH ^^B I a Muhammadan 
f aqir, a beggar. 

»ARYA ^girp^ *. m. Ariver. See 

>ARYAU ^B^^)Darid. 

^^RYA ^rgCfT ,. 7». A kind of tam- 
bourine ; 1. g. DaV«. 

^^^YAf ^girn^ ,./. A kind of silk 
cloth. See DaridL 

IJAS ^^ a. Ten ; an imperative of v, iu 

DassT^d : — das dudr, s, m. The ten pas- 
sages for the bodily functions, viz., the 
eyes, the ears, nostrils, month, peniV, 
anus and the crown of the head: — das- 
g^lkd, o. Tenfold. 

pAS ^ ,. ^. The bite of a reptile, a 
sting :— ia, ji^i^ ^^ n. To sting, to bite. 

^AS ^rjf g. ^. A servant, a slave ; a de- 
pendant, subject ; a follower; a disciple ; a 
suffix to the names of Hindds i—ddspund, 
«. w. The servitude, the condition of a 

I^ASAdh tJH'M *. m. The name of a 
W caste ; a man of this caste. 

DASADHNf td*<iyi1 *. /. A female 

DASAHIRA tfWRjy 8.m. The name 

of a Hindu festival observed in honour 
of Rama*s victory over Ravanli. 

DASAUjrA t;W>Qi> V. a. To cause to 
be shown or told. 

DASAUISTDH ^TfTJ s.m. A votive offer- 

ing of one-tenth of the estimated value of 
a person or animal given to a deotd 
or pir ; a tithe ; one-tenth of one's pro- 
perty or income given as a charity (among 
the Sikhs) ; i, q. JDaswandh, 



son or animal for which a votive offering 
has been made ; i. g., Daswai^dhl. 


5. m, J 

DASAWAR ^i^ l ^g^ 

8, m. Corrupt* 
ed from the 

word Deshdpar. Import ; another or 
foreign country, a place of importation to 
or exportation from : — dasaur chafhf^ 
V, n. To be required for exportation, to be 
in demand abroad ; to be high and deai:» 

DASAURf ^T|T@^n 

DASAURf ^M L«-^^^'^^^^^«- 

D ASAWARf ^WW^J '"^ *" " ^'"'^ 

country i—dasauH mdl, s. m. Imported 
goods, foreign products. 

DASERA ^^ ,. m. Ten seers, a 
weight of ten seers ; i. q. JDahiserd. 

DASI tJ'HI 8. /. A female servant, a 

slave :-^harn ddsi, s. /. lU. A slave of 
foot ; met. a shoe. 

DASf JAl? t:^tf£ V. n. (3f.) To h^ 
thrown at wrestling. 


^( 2gD ) 


D'ASMAN ^W^ a., 8, m. See Baswdn. 

DASMf ^fTRjft 8. f. Corrupted from the 

Sanskrit word DashmL The tenth day 
of the lunar fortnight. 

DASODISA ^SfelT^ s. f. The ten 

sides or regions, *. c.^ north, south, east, 
west, N. E., S. B., S. W., K W., above 
and below. 

DAsoaiAHRf feSSfarnra^ ^./. a 

method of sharing by which one takes ten 
and the other eleven parts, a wager by 
. which oue party takes ten parts and 
the other one, a rate of interest by 
which eleven is paid for ten. 

DASOKA? riHdi^ s.m.{M,) One who 
'get& a fall in wrestling, * 

DASOTHA ^5^ ». m. Ten out of a 

hundred of rerenae given to the head- 
"man of the village. 

D'ASSA igfniT 

pAssA "srm 

m^ A calf 's dung. 

DASSAN ^S t?. o, (If.) In wrestling 

to throw an adversary on his back. 
Anything short of this is not considered 
a fall ; t. q., PiUh Iduni, 

DASSAN grjTS t?. a. (if.) To tell, to 

show, to explain : — hhath ranndn di do8ti ! 
kknri jinhin di matt ; dpen Idf^didn dosti 
te dpen dendtdn dass. Cursed be the love 
of women ! their wit is in their heels ; 
they of themselves make love, and of 
themselves go and tell : — Story of Sdhihd 
and Mirzd ; ». ,g. Bassf^d. 

DASSAR ^7|H 8, m. The other end 

or side ; a second time, another turn ; 
(Mot much used) ; ». q.'Bussaf. 

DASSf ^ift 8, /. The nnwovBn . threads 

cut off from the end of a pieee of cloth :*— 
d^sHS^ pdui^iiny - unntdn^ v. a. niei. To 
cause loss, injury or damage. 

DASSNA t*WA« V. a. To show, ta di- 

rect, to tell, to teach, to imply, t-^ 

DASSPAINA ^Jl^^f V. n. To be toR 

to be informed. 

dasspAunA ^mrf5» V. «. T» 

tell, to inform. 

DAST ^HH 8, nu A purge, & stool, & 

loose stool; hand : — dost du^e, v. n. To hare 
diarrhoea: — dastdwar, a. Purgative, ca- 
thartic : — da'itgir^ 8, m. Patron ; an epi- 
thet of Muhammad : — dost kdr, s. m. 1 
handicraftsman, a manufacturer, a crafts- 
man, an ai*tizan : — 3.a$t hdri, s. f. Hand- 
work, handicraft : — daetkhat, 8. m. Hand 
writing, signature, initials, an endorse- 
ment : — dastkhati, a. Signed, bearing- sig- 
nature : — dost Ifigoikfi, V' a. To have loose 
stools — dast nikaljdfie, v, n. lit. To have 
diarrhoea ; rmt. to be very, to be 
very afraid. 

DASTA ^JT3T 5.m. A handle, hilt; a 

pestle ; a quire of paper ; a detachment 
of an army : — gnl dastd, 8. m. A nose- 
gay, a flower bed. 

DASTAK tjAsJof 8. m. Demurrage, a 

fine imposed and renewed daily for delay 
in obeying orders ; knocking at the door. 


dastakU ^TlHoftyMT 

sioned to execute Basfak, 

) 8. i». One 
3 coram is- 

DASTAnA ^fHH^ *. ^. Corrupted 

from the Persian word Bastdnah, A 

DASTAR ^eiTHtg s, w. a turban :— 

dastdr bai^d, 8. w. A man, not a woax&n^ 
a learned man : — dastdr bandit *. /. 
Wearing new turban by one on the KirU 
day of his relative's death. 


#. m. A ten-string- 

ed musical instrument. 


( 281 ) 



I «. /. Cor- 
3 rnption of 

dastabkhAnA ^l?HgV3P *• «. 

Corrupted from the Persian word Das' 
tarkhuwdfk. A table cloth; a piece of 
cloth spread on the ground on which the 
food is laid ont and around which guests 
squat and dine. 


dastAbej ^iT3T^tT 

the Persian word Dcutdvez, A deed, a 
document, a bond. 

DASTf ^T?^ a.,B,f. Of or from the 

hands ; a small handle ;—(M.) A kind 
of bracelet consisting of beads of various 
shapes strung on sUk. Dastis are dis- 
tinguished by several names according 
to the shape of their beads ; i. a. Faunh- 


B ASTtjR tJM^d «. nv. Custom, fashion, 

mode, manner : — dast^r-uUamal, s. m. 
Rules of practice, manual of regulations ; 
a code of laws, a hand-book -.-—dastur^ul- 
amal paficdridn, s, m. The po^Wrif* hand- 
book; c. w. bannhind. 

BASTtjRf tJM^cf) 8. /. Perquisites 

paid to servants by those who sell to 
their master, a customary percentage 
retained out of moneys paid ; a commis- 
sion or percentage on sale ; commission 
of a broker. 

DASTl^Rf A ^7!^^h)|T ) ». m. One 
DASTtjRf yA t!H.j<J)H I ) well vers- 
ed in the cnstoms and laws ; one who takes 


a., g, m. Tenth ; 
the tenth day 
after one's death: 

•^daswdi^dudr^ 8, m. The crown of the 

BASWANDH ^J{^ 8. m. A votive 
offering made to some god or goddess or 
jpf when the child becomes ten years old; 

a tenth part of income spent by one 09 
charitable purposes or given to one's 
Qur^ (a Sikh term) ; 1. q. Dtuau^dh. 

ASWANDHf ^Wllft 8. m. See 


*. m. (M.) A feint in wrest- 

ling, a feint generally ; the ceremony of 
opening or. dedicating a new house or 
garden, Ac. :^at jdudy v . n. See 
Datiad :—4at ^ khdnd, v. a. To eat to 
satiety, to cram. 

DAT ^i< *. w. /. A stopper, a cork ; an 
arch, a vault ; c. w. detkd, Idui^i. 

D At ^rg «. /. Bountif ulness, giving ; 

DATA tJijji «. m. ") A giver, a person 
DATf ^ri^ s.f.) of great liberality, 
benefactor ; Grod, Creator. 

DATA^jT t!'dA «• /• A tooth brush, 

rather a stick which serves that purpose; 

DATAR trij'd «• wi. "I A giver, a 
DAtAR ^1^1^ *. m. 1 munificent 

DATAbI ^H^ '• /• I person; a 
dAtAr! ^ I ^ r J] * /> J title of 
God ; the act of giving, munificence. 

dAtarI W3^ ) 

DATf W^\"^' 

A sickle. 

DATHA W^ »• W' (^O A bundle of 

sugar-canes prepared and tied together 
for passing through the sugar-press ; t.g. 

DATIALiJ ^jfdWA *. w. (K,) Light 
early breakfast ; u q. Shdhioeld, 

DATiJlA 5^2T V. n. To stop, to 
stand still, to stand firm. 


( 282 ) 


DAT^sTA W^S^ v. a. To check, to 
hinder, to stop up ; to cram^ 

DAtr£ ^3^|f./, AmcMoi—chike 

pATRf grg^) ddtH kapan hlyofen 

hdnen ; rufhi man%j4i^, jan% mange maut 
bahdnen. Taking a sickle, you are stand- 
ing ready to cut reeds ; we quarrelled ; 
let us be reconciled, death is seeking an 
excuse. — ^Song» 

pATTA 5^ a. Fat, strong, athletic ; 

stupid : — 8. m, A stopper, a plug, a cork ; 
an obtruder. 


8, m. A bundle of grass 

t)r hemp ; a bundle of sugar-canes (what 
is passed at once through the mill) ; a 
pile of paper; <j. w. de^ lat^d:-- 
datthegar, s, m. One who parcels out 
hemp, grass for another who twists, an 

^A^THAL 5335 ,. m. The knll of 

DATTHAL ^^|,. «. Any valu- 
©ATTHAR ^T^gj .blea, as jeweli, 
money, property ; things. 

©ATTH^TA 53^ r. n. To begin to 
wrestle, to be spread (a bed). 

DATTHijA ^eSf^ ) V. n. To be 

DATTflLAICiA tTtlrt^ l I obtained 

gratuitously, to be twisted in (the 
strands of a rope) •, to take gratuitously 
to twist in. 

D ATTtjR ^r^ ,^ ^ jy^^ BtTumoni. 
<«»• See DhaiUri, 

DAU ^I^ g. m. Side, direction; am- 

bush, deception, snare :—ddu ghdu, ddu 
ghdt, 8. TO. Ambush; a kind of play 
among boys; c. w. mdmd; i. q. Dd. 

DAtJ ^@ a., 8. m. Stupid, foolisii: a 
fool, an idiot. 

Dl^Bi ^§^)«. m., /. A kind cf 

DAl^Df xiQril ) siirnb that bears s 

flower like chamomile {Chrysanthemum 
indicum) ; a kind of armor ; a kind of fir^ 
work ; a kind of white wheat : — diii 
Jchdni, 8, /. A kind of white wheat 

PAUL §55 

». /. Mode, 


I V. a. Tc 
3 shape. 

To form, to 

method, shape ; constitution, health :— 
hi daul hau How do you do P how are 
you ? what is about your health ? .— 
hedaul^ a. Shapeless, ill-shaped. 

DAULA §55T,. trt. A kind of fiah ; tie 

arm of a human being from the elbow to 
the shoulder ; the foreleg of an aninul 
from the knee to the shoulder. 

DAULA tflQd^l) 8. m. A gold or eilra 

DAULA ^iQ^'I) washer, one who 

washes the' sand of a river to obtain 
gold ; one who lies in ambuscade, one 
who watches his opportunity for anj 


DAULAT Xl'i^'d 8, TO. Wealth, moner, 

riches, fortnnes : — daulat khdndy s. «. 
A treasure house ; a dwelling place, a 
seraglio : — daulat mand^ a., «. to.. Rich, 
wealthy ; a rich person : — daulat inandi, 
8. /. Wealthiness, the state of being- rich. 

D AULLA ^"55T a., 8. to. Indifferent, care- 
less ; the name of a/ogtr : — dauUd matiUA, 
a. Careless ; simple, having a little 
knowledge : — Daulle 8hdh dd ck4hd, s. «. 
lit. The rat of Daulld Shdh ; a man hat- 
ing very small head. (The shrine of 
Baulld Shdh is in the town of Gujrat.) 

DAUi? tf@S *] «. /. ^. The coi^ 
DAlHiJ ^rQgr L with which the bottom 
pAUijr - ^iQ^ J of a bedstead is tight- 
ened ; the foot or declivity of a monn- 


( 283 ) 


tain ; the skirts of a coat ; a rope tiod to a 
horse's feet to keep him from running 
away : — ddutk laggna, v. a. To take hold 
of one's skirts, (i. c, to seek protection.) 

pAUN gT 8. m. Burning, the homing 

of a jungle ; indignation ; thirst : — diaun 
daun kamd, v, a. To beat a drum, to 
publish by heat of drum ; to disgrace by 
publishing one's crimes with the beat of 
a drum. 

DAlHirA tJiQi* V, a- To tie a rope to 

the feet of a horse or an ass to keep him 
from running away ; to hopple. 

pAUljipf §^ s. /. A kind of tam- 
bourine ; a proclamation ; a very small 
boat: — 4^undi piitni or phirni, r. n. 
To be proclaimed : — daundi pUduni^ 
phero^, phirdu^i, v. a. To proclaim. 

DAU^jf §^ 8. f. A very small boat. 


A gold ornament 
by young 

women on their forehead ; speckled 
cloth, a piece of a shroud preserved by 
the relatives of a deceased person. 

DAUR §^ 8, m. An earthen vessel 

with a wide mouth ; a circular pot round 
trees for watering them ; time, turn, 


8, /. Running, race; an 

invasion, irruption, a sally ; running 
hither and thither: — daur dkUp, 8. f. 
Labour and fatigue, efEoi*t, endeavour, 

DAURA ^^i 8, m. Corrupted from 

the Arabic word Daurah. Walking 
about, traversing, going on tour ; time, 
vicissitude, a turn ; a turn of disease ; 
an earthen vessel with a wide mouth : — 
daure sapurd, 8, m. Commitment for trial 
before the Sessions : — daure 8apurd kamd, 
v* a. To commit to the Sessions. 

I^AU^A §3^ 8. m. One who runs 
ahead to show travellers the way, a 

guide, a messenger :—rfa?/fa JawW, 8. /. 
Incessant going and cx)ming, labour and 

DAUSAhA ^grgi ,. ^. A guide, a 

DAU$AK ^f)io( 8.m. A fast runner. 

V. a. To cause 


to run, to send (a person) ; to soar on the 
wings of fancy : — piddah daufduisd, v\ n. 
Ut. To cause to run a peon ; met, to eat 
a little opium, after the fixed amount 
has been taken, with a view to enjoy 
more intoxication. 

DAURf §^ 8. /. A small earthwi 

vessel with a wide mouth (especially in 
which spices are bruised.) 

DAU?5irA ^^^ r. ». To mn, to go 
fast, to make haste, to gallop. 

DAURtJ §g «. m. A kind of tam- 

DAUT §3 I ,. m. Corrupted from 

DAUT ^|Q^3 the Arabic word Drfra^. 

An invitation to a feast, a feast ; e, w, 
defidy kamd. 

DAUTf ^1@^ *. /. One invited to a 

8, m. See Bdu. 


DAWA ^^ 1 8. /. Medicine; a 

DAWAf ^^gneT ) remedy, cure : — dawd 

ddrHj dawd darmaU 9. m. Medicinal 
treatment : — dawd ddr4 kamdj v, a. To 
treat a patient : — dawd laggt^i, v. n. To 
be effective (a medicine) : — dawd khdf^i^ 
V. a. To take a medicine :—-dawdi mubdrak^ 
8, w. A plant {Clerodendron Siphonanthus)^ 
which is occasionally seen in gardens. 
Its roots and leaves are officinal. 


( ^ ) 


DAWA ^gt^ )». m. Claim, demand: 

DAWAH ^ngU) —ddweddr, s. m. A 

claimant, plaintiff, plainter, snitor : — 
arji ddwdy s, /. A written plaint : — 
joMfdh diwd^ s, m. An answer to a plaint : 
— ddwd karvd, v. a. To claim, to sue, to 
institnte a claim ; to make pretentions 
to : — ddwd hhdrij hof^d, v. n. To be dis- 
mifised a suit or claim .--•-^tra kkdrij 
kamdj v. a. To dismiss a suit or claim. 

DAWADSf t!^'t!*ll *. /. See Dawdist. 

DA WAH? tJ^'ftjd ». /. The cord with 

which the bottom of a bedstead is tight- 
ened ; t. q. Adwaif^^ Dautl> 



ons term.) 

S^3|«. /. An in 
'fVf d J disunion (i 

inkstand ; 
a religi- 

DAWAKHA?! ^^S'Vfi^) *. /. A lamp- 



DAWAL t^^'M *• / Corrupted from 

the Persian word Biwdr, A wall ; a 
giver: — dawdl gir, s, m, A bracket; 
a cloth lining on the wall of a room, the 
stock of a wall shade ; a wall lamp. 

DAWAlA tf^'M' « *»• Bankruptcj, 

insolvency ; a circle : — dawdle hoi^d, v. n. 
To urge one's claims on a creditor, to 
press a suit: — dawdld nikal jdfid or 
nikalf^d, v. n. To be declared a bank- 
rupt, to become a bankrupt. 

DAWALf tf^l?^ «• /• A leather strap, 

a belt ; a festival which occurs in Octo- 
ber or November each year, %. q. DewdU, 

DAWALfA ^^T3^tW| *. w». Abank- 

DAWALYA tf^IMM') "ipt. an in- 

DAWA^ tJ^'A 8.m. SeeDtWtt. 

DAwAN ^T^ *. m. A rope tied to a 

horse's feet to keep him from running 
away ; t. g. Daufk. 

DAWA^A tf^>A< a. Mad, careleu. 
See Biwd^d. 

DAwAnDOL 9T^T^ a. A wanderer; 
i. q. pdmdndolj ddnwdndol. 

DAWAPAR ^l^njg 8. m. The thii^ 

Jugg or brazen age, (of the Hindu mytho- 
logy) comprising 8,64,000 years; iq. 

DAWllif tj^lcfl «, /. A door frame. 

DAW At tf^iy «./• An inkstand; 
i. q» Dawdt, Dawait. 

DAWATA^JT ti^yd »• *»• C^) The 

beam on floor between door posts on 
which door shuts. 

DAWATHf it^\^ «. /. {Pot) One 

who takes a wife for his son from an- 
other man, giving a daughter to a Ron 
of his in exchange ; %, q. Wat(df 

DAwf JSP^ S' /. (^0 A shrub (Grulta 

tomentosa) with a fine red flower, which 
grows abundantly in many parts of tlie 
Siwalik tract, and in the Salt Range. 
Th-* MTood is only used for fuel, being 
Fii-il 1 he flowers are employed in 
•i; ciiitr, and in medicine are considered 
astringent, and applied in plaster for 
headache. The leaves are officinal in the 
Panjab. In Eangra, part of the plant 
is stated to be used in the preparation 
of spirits. 

DAWOLfA tf^^W ». «*• This grass 

(Eragrostis cynosuroides) is frequent 
throughout the Panjab plains. It is 
coarse, but is said to be liked by buffaloes 
and having long roots, to remain pretty 
fresh throughout the year ; t. q. Dahbh. 

DAYA ^B5P) «•/. Mercy, kind- 

DAYALGf tIMWdflj ^^^ ^^ompM- 

sion, favour ; the act of grace : — daydmant 
daydwdn, a. See Daydl, Didl^ Diyi^ 



( 286 ) 


DAyA ^njn «. /. Desire, wish, pur- 
pose ; plaint, claim; determination, re- 
solution ; nurse : — ddyeddr^ s. m. A 
claimant, a plaintiff, one who bears a 

DAYAK t^iVIOC s, ra. A giver, (in 
comp.) giving, yielding, producing. 

DAYAL ^eXfTOT a- Merciful, 

kind, compassionate, gracious ; i. q. Didl, 

Dl^ ^ prep. (gen. of BS) Of ; an impera- 
tive of V, a. Be^i ; a demon, an evil 
spirit, a ghost (cor. of D<*i) : — de chhadd' 
Ua, V. a- To give up, to relinquish 
an right : — de de^dy v. a. To give, to 
present^ to pay in full : — de laif^, v. a. 
To give bountifully : — de mdmd, v, a. To 
demolish, to throw down : — de thdp^e, t\ n. 
To set up an image on wall for 
worship. See Dd. 

DEGHKA ^tJofl 8. m.l A metal- 

DECHKf %B5ft ». /. ) lie pot for 

cooking ; t. q, Degchd^ Degehi. 

PEDAB ddd) '• w- (^') ^ male 
BEDAR %^gr) frog; u g. Da44, 

DEDH %^ a. One and a half: — 

^h gat, 8. /. A kind of dance :—dei,h 
pd, 8, m. Six chhtfdi^ke or 12 ounces, three 
eighths of a seer :--4edh pa khichfi alag 
pakdund, V. a. To cook khUhfi sepa- 
rately three eighths of a seer. — Prov. 
To have opinions and ways of one's own. 


a. OiDedh. 

DBDHETAKLA ^Odiot^l 8,m,(M) 

Wheat or barley when the ear is forming 
but has not come out of sheathing 

pEpHl %^ 8. /. {M.) A threshold. See 

DEO %3T 8. /. A caldron, a large metal* 

lie pot ; a place of the Sikhs where 
bhang is bruised, and distributed for 
drinking to the J./rclZi9; a kitchen, food: — 
deg teg fatah, lit. Victory of kitchen 
(emblem of material wealtli) and sword 
(emblem of political power) (a Sikh term, 
used also on the coins issued by the 
Sikhs in their independence). 

DEOAR ^dld *. m. (K.) A small tree 

{Ftcus oppositifolia) with very rongh 
leaves not uncommon in the Paniah 
Siwalik tract up to the lUvl. The 
fmit is not eaten. In Kangra the milky 
juice is said to be used medicinally. 

DEGCHA ^dltJ'^- i». ) A large me- 

DEGCHf $dl^ 8, f. ) tallic pot for 

cooking ; copper or stew pan; t. q, BecKkd. 

DEGH ^^U( 8. m. The same as Beg. 

pEG^f A ^giH? t;. a. To cause to fall, 
to throw down, to cause to fall sick. 

DEH $U 8, f. Day ; the body ; a village 

(cor. of Persian word Beh): — dek ubwre, 
chafhe. Sun rise : — ndn wad^d deh 8ui^j. 
A great name and a rained village. — 

DEH AL ^OW 8. /. {K,) See Dtiwdta^. 

DEHf $^ 8. /. The body :—8(>ne wargi 

dehi, Ut. The body like gold, i. e., hand- 
some or beautiful constitution of the body. 


A yellow hornet. 

DEHRA ^\JI^')8,m. A sacred sepul- 

DEHBA 9Ud'5 ^^^ monument, a 
0uru^8 seat, a temple, > shrine. 

DEf "^^8./, Corrupted from the San- 
skrit word Bevi, A female deiiy; a 
dsAighter ; a suffix to the names of !ffind« 

DEfN $# V. a. (Fut. imp. of def^d). 
To give. 




( 286 ) 


DEJKA $?Ton } s.m. A large cop- 

DEZCHA %ol^1 ) per pot for cook- 
ing; t. q. Degchd, Deehkd. 


A small copper pot 
for cooking ; %. q. 

DBJKf #fToft 

DEKCHf ^bttfl 

DechH, Degcht. 

PEK 9or '• ^- The name of a tree; 

t. q. Dhekj Bakain, 
DEEH 5^V( intj. Lo! behold ; i. q. Welch. 

DEKHA DBKHf $V ^\Si «• /. See- 

ing ; knowing one by sight, a slight ac- 
quaintance ; — ad. In imitation, through 
rivalry, t. q. Wekhd Wekhi. 

pEKHA^jT %}4S V. a. (if.) To see. Pre- 
sent participle: dekhdi; Future: dekhsdfk ; 
Past participle : diithd : — rondi mar waisdn, 
Odman yar, dekhdi tedidn rdhin, I 
shall die of weeping, Gaman love, see- 
ing your courses. — Song: — akkhin ndl 
phul nddifthd te ndn Gul Bihil She 
never saw a* flower with her eyes, and 
her name is Lady of Flowers ! — Prov. 
used of ostentatious persons. 

DEKHDB DEKHDE ^tf% $>:f$ ad. 

Before one's eyes, in one*s pesence. 

DEKH^jTA %>:JS^ v.o.n. Present paHidplei 

dekhdd; Future: dekhe gd, dekhsdn ; Past 
participle : dekhid^ ^itthd. To see, to look 
at, to observe, to inspect ; to perceive, to 
find, to experience ; to search, to seek ; to 
feel ; to try, to examine ; to take care ; to 
look for, to expect : — dekhid hhdlid, hoid, 
a. Seen and tried : — dekhid jdfid. To be 
seen; it will be seen : — dekh de rahi jdfid, 
V. a. To gape in vain (with disappoint- 
ment), to lose opportunity: — dekhde 
rahif^d, v. n. To look after, to keep 
watch ; t. q. Wekhnkd- 

DEKHWAYYA $VJ^iir 8. m. A be- 
holder, an inspector. 
I)ELA 8^1 '^ s. m. The eyeball; 

X)£LHA I^MI > the unripe fruit of the 
DELLA ^ jjL l J Karir tree {Capparis 

aphylla) . It is generally used into pickle 
with mustard or oil to be eaten with 

PELA9 9Mrf <^' Having a large eye- 
ball, not looking beautiful. 

DBMBHtf §% 1^ 

DEMHtf §^ ,. ^. ^ y,i,^^ 



1 8, f. m. 

j thing 

8. 718, 

homety a waap. 

Debt, liability, any 
that is given (as 

money lent, a present) ; giving; — {K.) 
A witch, a male witch : — dei^ ddr, s. m., a. 
A debtor ; obliged, thankful : — def^ dari^ 
8. f. Debt : — derj hdr^ s. m. A giver ; 
God : — detk laif^, s. f. Dealtngs. 

DBti^A ^^1 8. m. To give, to confer, to 

endow, to impart, to assign, to allot, to 
administer ; to afEord, to yield, to produce; 
to pay, to discharge, to liquidate; to g^ ve in 
charity, as & gift; to lay on, to impose, to 
inflict (as dutch de^d) ; to put, to thrust, 
to derive in; to put on, to apply: — 
hachchd dei^d, v. a. To breed, to calve. 

DElJIBHtJlil yg 8. m. (If.) A wasp, 
a yellow hornet ; t. q, Pembh4. 

DB^jlDLtf $^^?5 *. w. A small plant 

{Hypericum perforatum^ common in many 
parts of the Himalaya. It is not oflBci- 
nal, but is recommended in Arabic medi- 
cine for a vermifuge. 


8. f. (JT.) A small sh^b 

{Lonicera quinquelocularis^ which grows 
most abundantly in the Pan jab Himalaya 
and Trans- Indus. It is eaten by and 
g^ven as fodder to cattle. 

DBl^TH ^n 
DEljIH #"3 

rU ^ «. m. The sun, i 
\"%} ) hhdr^ 8. m. 

a day \-de*h 
(Pot. If.) 

The east : — ^ienh hhdrd, a. Easterly : — 
denh Idh, 8. m. The west : — ^h Idhd, a. 
Westerly: — uUhi pardesi^ ^enh waddd 
de) jitthe taui^ wanjudi^^ oho des parde. 


( 287 ) 


Bise, stranger, the daj is far advaBced ; 
whither jou have to go is a strange 
coantry. — Song: — ^ienh hhale te mittar 
hhale. When the day is good, then a 
h*iend too is good. — Prov. 

DBWTHAR $*tJd «• •»• {Pot) A shmb 

{Callicarpaincana.) In Hazara the leaves 
heated are applied to rhenmatic joints. 

DE^jlTt^RtJ ^^TSE 9, m. A shrab {Hyos- 

cyamus niger,) Its seeds are poisonous 
and are officinal in the plains for their 
narcotic effects. 

DEODAB ^QtJId «. fn. SeeDidr. 

DEOKHADIR #f>ffeU '- ^. A very 

prickly shrub (Mimosd ruhicaulis) which 
grows in the outer hills, up to near 
the Indus, and is at times found on the 
banks of rivers and canals. In Chumba 
the bruised leaves are applied to bums, 
and the fruit appears to be officinal. 

DEB 3U «• m- (-^0 ^ husband's bro- 

ther : — nilckd ^er, «. m. A husband's 
younj^r brother : — waddd der, s. m. A 
husband's elder brother; i. q, Beur^ 


8. /. Delay, tardiness, 
slowness ; a loog time ; — 
€ul. Late : — der ho^t, 
l^gg^i^ V. n. To be late: — 

der kami, v, a. To be behind time: — der 
iagiu^i, 2i««{, v. a. To delay, to tarry: — 
der nil, ad. Late, from a long time: — der 
takk adm For a long time ; t. q. Abery Awer. 

DERA %^ ) «. w. A dwelling or 

pERAH 93U ) encampment, a tent, a 

camp, an equipage; ahouse in which males 
live; a place where sddhUs orfa^s kve: 
— dereddr, s. m A person who lives in «. 
Deri :--derd khapd kamd, lagdmd, Idu^ 
r. a. To pitch one's tent, to encamp ; to 
linger, to delay:— ^ferrf Jcamdy 4^d 
jamduitd, 4>erdpdufid, v. n. To put up. 

) •. /. (if. 
3 band's sii 

(if.) A hus- 
sister ; i. q^ 

DERAjlf §B^ 

DBRAiirf i^xP^ 


DES ^7T 8. m. Corrupted from the San- 
skrit word Desk. Countiy, territory ; the- 
plains (in opposition to the mountains) ; 
an air or song sung at midnight — des 
bodes or des pardee phirf^d, v. n. To travel 
about one's own or foreign country, to see 
the world: — des bhdkhd, s.f. The parti-^ 
cular dialect or language of a country, 
the vernacular : — des chhajd jd^d, v, n. 
To leave one's own country or home, to 
emigrate : — des chdl, s. /. Local usage 
or observance, custom or fashion of the 
country; a national usage or ordinance : — 
des dasantar, s, /. The boundaries of a 
country or district: — des ^hdl, s, /. A 
national custom : — des kasU, a, A coun- 
try bom, produced in the country : — 
des nikdldy s. m. Exile, emigration: — des 
nikdld cle^d, v, a. To banish from the 
country : — des tcdld, «. m, A native of 
the country. 



iL ^nrgrjs u. /. A 

^B ^f)l^r^ 3 tional 


nance or usage. 

DES ADHAl $111^*^ s.m. A national 

DESAl^ ^H^ s.f. A country woman ;— 

(If.) An Indian com produced from the 
country seed. 

DESl ^7iT a., s. m. Belonging to the 

country, provincial, local, indigenous ; 
a native, a country person, a citizen ; a 
musical mode: — -pardesai^, pardesi^ s.f, i»» 
A foreigner. 

DEU ^9 8. m. Corrupted from the San- 
skrit word Dev. A god, a deity ; a demon, , 
an evil spirit; — deu Wtt<, s. f. The 
lang^ge of the gods, Sanskrit: — deu ddno^ 
s. m. A demon : — deu lok, s. m. The world 
of the gods, the Hindu Heaven: — deu lok 
nUnjdi^d, v. n. To be translated to the 
Heaven ; to die : — deu ndgri, s. f. The 

.. .at 


(288 ) 



Hindi alphabet or language : — deupHjdy 
!• tiu Idolatry, worship of the gods : — 
deuf<kjak^ a. m. A worshipper of deities, 
or idols. 

«. m. A sub-division of 


pEUpH %^^ 9. /. IncreMing one 

half; exaggerating for the purpose of 
exciting one's anger; the under strings 
of a musical instrument, being an octave 
higher than the upper ones ; in the second 
sense ; c. tr. Idu^i* 

P£U;>HA 9@€I o. One-half more than 

it was, having half as much more add- 
ed ; — 9, m. Any thing used as a means of 
increasing courage in training a wrestler, 
or fighting bird. 

pEUDHf %%^ I #./. A threshold, 

DEUH^f d@0«j) ) an entry. 

DEUHRA %Qira^ 9. m. A temple:— 

Hind4 p4ie deuhri, Musalrndn nuuU; 
Ndrnten 9otp4jty4 nd deukrd vd maait A 
Hindt^ worships a temple and a Muham- 
madan a mosque; Ndmdev worshipped 
one who is neither temple nor mosque, 
i. e., God. 

DEUR ^©H *. m, A husband's younger 

brother ; a brother-in-law : — deurd^i^ 9. f. 
The wife of a husband's younger brother, 
a sister-in-law. 

pEU^HA %%^ 9. m. See l)ef4hd, 

pEUftHf dQW) «* /• A threshold. 

DEUTA %@3T $, m. A god, a deity; 

a good man, a gentleman; a simple man ; 
a simpleton ; me^. a bull ; a serpent ; a 
bad man, a mischievous fellow. 

.DEW ^!9 «. m. A god : — dewosthdn^ 9, m. 

An idol temple. See Deu, 

BEWA ^^1 «. ffu A goddess: — dewd leud, 

s. /. GKving and taking, traffic, barter, 
oommezce . — dewd rd%if 9. /. A goddess. 

) V. a, (M." 
) tre89fU 

{M.) TogiTe, 
participle z 

r)EWA¥ %^s 
DEWAJjr ;^^5 

iendd\ Future: d,e9d^\ Past participUz 
dittd: — dtfvan hard, s. m. A giver; God: — 
jt^d dUi h%9 td roji id ded. He (God) has 
given him life, He will also give him 
subsistence. — Prov. 

DBWf %^ s. /., a. A goddess the great 

goddess ; a good lady, a chaste or piona 
lady; a beautiful woman ; met. a bad 
woman : — deud didr, 9. m. A tree {jOupres- 
9U9i toruhsa) ; t. q. Deodar. 

DEVTTA $^ai *. w. A god. See Deutd- 

DEWAlA ^^1^1 #. i». The temple of 
a goddess. 

DEWAl! $^^ 9. f, A festiral 

occurs in October or November, in 
which the houses and streets are iUumi- 
nated and a grand fair beine held at 
Amritsar ; a s^p ; t. g. Diwali. 

DEWAR $^a s. f. A husband'a 
younger brother; t. g. Deur. 

D H A Xfl a,m. (HC.) A shrub. See DdwL 

pHA ^ 8. /. Falling, destruction, de- 
molition, ruin; sighing. See Dhdh. 
DHAB ^^ 8. m. Shape, form ; fashion. 

style ; manner, mode, method, way ; prac- 
tice, custom, habit ; behaviour, conduct; 
dexteritv, art, skill, knowledge; posi- 
tion : — dhab djdi^, v. n. To have skill, 
manner, way : — dhabpai jd^d^ v. n. To be 
accustomed, to form manner or habit ; to 
be in the habit of: — dhab nV Ao»i(, v n. 
To be exact, to be in a proper mode, way 
or position: — ^hab te d jdf^d. v. a. To 
come under one's clutches, to come under 
one's influence. 

DHAB T|T^ 8. m. A kind of wheat 


DHAB Igi^ 8. /. An unwalled tank or 

pond, A natural pool, a lake, a deep de- 
pression in the eai'th. 


( 289 ) 


DHABA ^^ 8. m. Habit, custom :— 

dhahd paired, v, n. To be in the habit 
of, to form manners or habits. 

DHABBA TJ^ 8. m. a slap; a stain, 
stigma ; c. to. laggw^ mdmd, paifkd, 

DHABBA ^qi *. m. A sub-division 
of the KJiattrU. 

DHABBALA ^m^\ 8. m. I A cloth tied 

DHABBALf if^^ 8. f. ) 1 o o s e 1 y 

round the loins and reaching to the feet. 

DHABB KACHAURf TJ^ oP^ut 8, /. 

The act of beating with the hand or 

PHABf A ^^nn *. m. A skilful man. 

DHABBA IgfnP 8. m. A copper 
coin equal to double pice ; i. q. DhaHd. 

DHACHAR ^Bg .. m. Way, mode, 
manner ; trick ; t. q. Dhuchchar. 

DHACHARAIS ^^93 s. /. | A skilful 
DHACHARf ^g^ .. m. j person, 
an artful, tricky person. 

PHADAN ^1^3 s. f. A kind of mnsi- 
cian, a singer. 

DHApAS^rgjI ,. «,. Firmneas of 
mind, confidence, animation, encourage- 


Hjafki^wajjiiyl, v. n. To sound the tambou- 
rine :~dAadd bajdunh wajdufki, V. n. To 
Sr'^^°'' t^® tambourine :—hahuH dUmni 
fhadd naUn wajjdL Many female must 
Clans cannot collectively play on the tam- 
^unne (satisfa^torily).ilpi;ov. used7n 
tne evils of doing any work collectively. 

^3 ) 5. /. A kind of 
^9^3 bourine ;— i h 

a 4- i 


DHADD IRf «./. The excrement of a 

buffalo (so called when very copious; 
sometimes also applied to man.) 

DHADDA TJXn *. w. The name of the 
letter (TJ) in the Gurmukhi alphabet. 

DHAppA ^gr 8. m. The name of the 
letter (^) in the Gurmukhi alphabet. 

DHADDAL 1^35 s, /. The same as 

Bhadd ; hot dust, hot ashes ; i, q, Bhadd 
BhuddaL ^ 

DHADDAR ifeU U.f. An itching 
DHADDARf TJ^ \ in groins. 

DHADHA TinqfT 8.m, See Bhai Bhai 
or Tlidh Thdh, 

dhAdhI ^t^ 

DHApf ^T^3 sician, a singer, a 

panegyrist ; a musician who sings songs 
in praises of the Sikh Gurus or who 
relates the chivalrous acts of the Gurus 
or Sikh warriors ; a beggar who pronounces 
exaggerated praises of those from whom 
he receives charity. If he obtains no 
alms, his praises rapidly change to curses, 

DHAptf ^ s. m. A point of the 
compass soutfand west, a wind blowing 
from that direction, a wind blowing from 
the north in the hills at the morning 
time; a species of nightingale, the maif^d. 

DHAG Tjgi 8, m. {K) A precipice ; i. q. 

DHAGA^JA ydll^l 8. m. Force, power, 

DHAGANE M^\\^ ad. Forcibly, by 

violence, without purpose :—;/or dhagd^e, 
ad. The same as dhagdue. 

DHAGA5 irar^ 8. m. A paramour, a 
violent man. 


( 290 ) 


DHAGG iraijJ./. A huge kettle-drum; 

a term used in a game called gkanchdl 
which boys are accustomed to play : — 
dhagg iuf^tf v. n. To win in the above 

DHAGGA L|I dM 9. m. A thread, a 

string ; a thread of life ; (If.) a small 
string of thread or hair, by which the 
Jugar (the leather rope by which the 
yoke is fastened to the plough shaft) is 
attached to the kilU (a peg going through 
the plough shaft) : — dhdggd hannhfid, v. a. 
To tie a thread on the wrist (a ceremony 
performed by Hindu women in the month 
of Bhddon): — dhdggd kholf^dj v. a. To 
loose a thread from the wrist (a cere- 
mony performed by Hindn women in the 
month of Magghar, when breads oijowdr 
are broken and mixed up with guf or 
shakkar, (this grain is not eaten by them 
80 long) : — dhdggd karduf^d, v. a. Gaus. of 
dhdgga kamd -.--dhdggd kamd^ v. a. To 
read a spell or incantation on a string 
to be worn about the neck of children, 
women and men as an amulet to protect 
them from the evil eye and the influence 
of an evil spirit : — dhdggd pduf^dj v. n. To 
thread a needle : — dhaggd tatvit, s. m. 
A charmed string and an amulet: — 
Hindu kachchd dhdggd han, lit, Hindus 
are like loose spun thread, i.e., the caste 
of Hindus can be easily broken. 

pHAGGA ^BF 9' ^* -^ small sized ox ; 

met. a foolish or stupid person, a simple 
man : — mdfd dhajga sabbhe rog. lit. The 
weak small sized ox is liable to all kinds 
of diseases. — Prov. used to show that 
general debility is the cause of all dis- 
eases, or a man of weak constitution is 
liable to all kinds of diseases. 

DHAGGA^l irai^l 8. /. A kind of 
DHAGG^l ijgi^j native bread 
made very broad and thin. 

DHAGGf ^ggft 8. f. A small sized cow. 
DHAGGA A^oif)' '• ^* ^ paramour. 
DHAG^f I7dlr^ «• /. An adultress. 

pHAGlHirA t^ldld* a. Two and a half 

* fold. 

DHAH ZJTU tntj. Ah! alas!—-*. /. A 

sigh, a lamentation ; (If.) a disease of 
buffaloes. It occurs at the commence- 
ment of the cold weather and is attri- 
buted to the animal getting a chill ; 
the bank of a river where the stream is 
cutting in : — dhdh mdrnt, v. n. To sigh, 
to exclaim with a pitiful voice. 

DHAH W^) «•/• Falling (in wrest- 
DHAHI ^ftl) l"ig) ; demolition, de- 
struction, ruin ; land cutting by a 
stream ; sighing, a lamentation ; an im- 
perative of V. a. Dhdhfid : — dhdh khdifii, 
ahah paif^dy dhah jdfid, v. n. To be 
thrown down in wrestling ; t. q. Dhahi- 
fkd : — dhdh def^dy Zat'i^a, dhdh «i^<l, r. a. 
To throw down in wrestling, to over- 
throw ; to demolish, to raze : — dhdh 
laygr^i, v. n. To be cut down (a land) by 
a stream, to be destroyed by a river : — 
ij,hdh mdmiy v. a. To cry, to groan, to 
make a noise ; (t. q. Dhdh). 

DHAhA '^RP 8. TO. The bank of a 

river, the high ground which has not 
been overflown by the current of a 

PHAHAf ^i} \ ^ 8. /. Falling, dilapi- 
dation, falling on the back in wrestling, 
^hahdi khd^i, v. n. To be thrown down. 

DHAHAUiirA ^OlQ^I V. a. To cause 

to throw down, (in wrestling), to cause 
to fall, to overthrow, to bring to ruin. 

DHAHI^jA tdluc' ^- **• P^^^ent partid- 

pie : fhatthdd, dhainhdd ; Future : dhatthe 
gdj dhahegd; Past participle: dhaUhid, 
dhaihid. To fall down, to fall on the 
back in wrestling ; to go to ruin, to be 
demolished, to be defeated: — dhaUhid 
hoid, a. Fallen, in a ruined state. 

DHAHlgrA ^lOil V. a. To throw down, 

io overthrow, to demolish, to throw a 
person down in wrestling. See Dhdh, 


( 291 ) 


DHAf IP^ 8. f. Invasion, attack ; haste ; 
c. w. kami, 

DHAf W^ a. Two and a half i—^hdi 

gund, a. Two and a half fold i^-dJidi 
kkani, V, n. To be orercome or thrown 
down in wrestling (properly ^hahdi 

pHAlA ^e^fe W a. Two and a half fold 

(an arithmetical term); the bank of a 
river (properly Dhdhd). 

DHAf A ^gn^bW )8.m,A weight 
DHAf A ^^t>>r 3 eqaal to two and 

a half seers ; a calamity of two and a 
half years supposed as caused by the evil 
influence of Saturn; — a. Of two and a 
half. . 

PHAf DENf ^ #^ t,. n. To fall, to 

sit before any one and obstinately refuse 
to leave in order to extort compliance 
with some demand, to force an invita- 
tion by remaining till dinner is brought 
in, (generally used in the plural form) • 
1. q. Dhamd mdmd. 

DHAIDHAI :^:^n ,./. The 


of a fall- 

ing wall, the sound of a cannonading, 
the sound produced by beating any one 
with the hand and shoe ; c. w, paifkidn, 

DHAIJAnA ^tTTSTU. n. To fall 
DHAIKHAtrf ^^f^\ down, to be 

mined, to be demolished ; to fall down 
on the back (in wrestling) ; %. q, Dhahv^d. 

1)HAILA ^JPP a. Lazy, not active, 
loose, inattentive, willing to relinquish 
a quarrel ; c. w. hof^d. See Dhilld. 

1>HAIN g^f s,f. Corrupted from the San- 
skrit word Bhenu, A cow i^kdm dhatn, 
*• /. According to Hindu mythology the 
supposed Indra's cow, who grants every- 
thing asked of her ; a cow that irives 
oiuch milk. ^ 

DHAfNXJl^^*. m. A kind of rice;— 

DHAfN^T^ j s. /. (M,) A wisp of 

hemp added from time to time to a rope 
that is being twisted. 

DHAItrA ^|^)t;. n. See Dhah 

DHAIPAItrA tfe) jdud in Dhah. 

DHAfYA Ig^fup s. m. A supposed 

evil influence of stars on a certain person 
for two and a half years according to the 
Hindu astronomy. See Dhaid \—{Pot.) 
the time between 15 to 26 Kitak i—di 
^halyd dirdhi; jatte mdn hhtfoU pdi. 
When Dhaiyd (the 'time between 15 to 
25 Katak) has come for sowing, the 
peasant puts his (dead) mother into the 
granary. — Prov. showing the urgency of 
sowing work in the favourite period call- 
ed Dhajiyd. When the husbandman has 
thus started, he cmu not find time even to 
bury his mother properly. 


Shape, form, manner; 
fashion, costume; atti- 

tude, posture ; a flag, a banner, an ensign, 
a standard ; a pole with a strip of cloth 
attached in fulfilment of a vow, near 
some place of worship i—dhajd dhdri, 
8. m. A very rich man ; — dhaj hannh7k% 
V, n. To put oneself in a particular 
attitude or style of dre^^ :— dhaj khafi 
karni, v. a. To erect a standardf as an 
indication of the possession of a crore of 
rupees on a temple : — saj dhaj, s. m. 
Pomp, grandeur and splendour, elegance, 
grace : — dhaj uthdutii, v, n. To assume 
the way or manner of another. 

DHAJA TIt?T 8. f. Corrupted from the 

Sanskrit word Dhairay. Satisfaction. 
See Dhiraj. 

DHAjf LA XItft25^ a. Of good shape or 

DHAJjf iftft s. f. Corruption of the 

Sanskrit word Dhaii, A shred or narrow 
strip of cloth : — dhajjidn ttdduf^idn, t\ a 
To tear out pieces ; to punish ; to tear 
into pieces (one's character), to expose 


< 292 ) 



pHAK ^of 8. m, A cover, a lid (used 
in composition.) 

DHAK tpoT «. /. Fame, report, renown, 

name ; pomp, gloiy ; fear, terror:; — (K.) 
A tbick mat for sitting, made of plaited 
pressed sngar-cane ordinarily called 
iyinndy m^rhd\ i. g. Dhdng, 

pnAK ^glcT s. /. The side, the hip ; a 

ehhichhrd tree (Butea frondom) : — dihdke 
chukk laifid, chakkfidj mdrnd, laindt 
t7. n. To seat a child on the hip : — 
^hdk mdrni, v. n. To walk coqnettish- 
Ij . — ^ie sir te ghafd, medi 4^^ ^^ 
ghafie ; pakar nan gisnt sajanin^ medisengi 
khafie^ There is a gluifd on your head 
and a ghard on my hip ; my love ! don't 
lay hold of my wrist, my companion is 
waiting. — Sonjr. 

pHAKAi «0(i^ «. /. Covering, 
pensation for covering. 

pHAKAlS «o{^ V. n. {M) To imprison. 

^Present participle : ihaketydd ; Future : 
'^hakesin : F<i8t participle : d^ailcta : — ^ 
wele dhake hdsse. At that time we were 
m jaiL 

^)HAKAR ^oTO ». 'm. Emnlation, 
boasting, pride ; c. tc. mdrnd ; * q, J^han- 

DHAK ARA^f ^SnUS ^ f'\^ boaster; 
pHAKARf ^ofT^ *. m, ) i- q^ V^^" 
kdra^iy -Dhankdri. 

DHAKAUJirA ^o(«0<i;* ». a. (Cans, 
of Dhakk^d.) To cause to be covered, 

DHAKAu^irA iJo^iQd* ^' «• (^^^s- ^^ 

Dhakknd,) To cause to be pushed or 

dhakdhijnnA Tjorgs* a- (Pot) 

Dwarfish and fat. 

DHAKELDE^rA yo?*b$ST| v. a. To 

DHAKEUfA ^O^M<bl| pnsh, 

to shove, to thrust. 

DHAKELO TTSti^) s. m.f. One who 



^ 8. lit. /. One trbo 
) pushes or 

DHAKH Xpifff. m. (K.) A morsel. 

DHAKf JA^jT ^oftttS »• ^ (^ ) To be 

imprisoned, {Passive of JDhakankO 

DHAKK TJoT «• T^^* A push, a shoTe, a 

stroke ; rejection, putting back ; curse : — 
dhakk balakkd, walakka^ s, m. Force. 
violence, mutual pushing. — tain dhur 
dargdh di dhakk wo/gge. May the curse of 
Almighty God fall upon you ; c. w. pai^i^ 

pHAEK ^of 8, m. /. A prisoner; an 

imperative of v, a. Dhakhad ; the name 
of a tree the flower of which is quite red ; 
a hostage (either male or female) ; a 
thick forest where dhdk trees are often 

DHAKKA XJoP ». w. Pushing, shoving ; 

force, violence, oppression, hardship; 
maliciousness ; damage, loss, calamity : — 
dhakkd or dhakke dend, Uut^e, r. n. To 
shove, to push ; to turn out ; to bring 
any calamity on one ; to disgrace : — 
dhakke khdne^paifie, v. n. To be pushed, to 
be knocked, to be kicked about : — dhakke 
hdjy 8. m. f. One that pashes or shoves ; 
an oppressor, an impudent person : — 
dhakke hdji, 8. /. Pushing and shoving ; 
force, violence ; — dharm dhakkd, s, -nu 
Knocks and blows suffered at any re- 
ligious fair, to suffer a loss on account 
of religious matters ; to be excommuni- 
cated from caste : — dhakke dhore kha^d, 
v. n. To wave ; to be restless, to be un- 
settled ; to wander about without any de- 
pendence : — hikk dd dhakkd hamd, v. n. To 
be obstinate, to be stubborn, to show vio- 
lence or force : — dhakke jdi^d, v. n. To 
be cursed : — dhakke Uzggtkdj v. a. To suffer 
a shock ; to suffer a loss or damage, 
to meet with misfortune ; to turn out ill. 

PELA.KKA ^oH ^'^"^ -^ passage between 
two hills. 


( 293 > 



s. m. Matnal pasliing, shoving, jostlinff. 

DHAKKA5 Xra^ «. w./. A flat and 

rough wood ; a violent person, one who 
uses force ; a malicious person ; a fat man. 

DHAKKH XW 8. /. A young louse ; met 

a small sized girl : — dhakkh ku, a. Little, 
small, very small. 

DHAKKHf Tjyt s. f. A small earthen 
pot used in cooking for children. 

pHAKKI i^ol] 8»f, A narrow passage 

between two hills; a jungle of ^hdk 

DHAKKMAKAU^A ^SfW^gi ,. m. 
A large ant. 

pHAKK^rA ^goTST V. a. To cover, to 

shut, to conceal, to hide. Present partici' 
pie : dhakkdd ; Future : dhakkega; Past 
participle : dhakkid, 

DHAKK^rA TTdC^ v. a. To push, 
to thrust, to shove, to oust. 

DHAKKODHAKKf Tl^Tjfof) ad. For- 
cibly, violently, by pushing and shov- 

pHAK^fA ^oT^T s, m. ") A cover, a lid, 

pHAK:6Jf ^oT^ «. / ) a small cover 
or lid. 

PHAKONf ^<?c*n «• /. The fruit of 
the Dhek tree. 


pHAKOBA ^o(d> s. m. (M.) A prison- 



) s. m. T 
) bend of 


river, or way, a crook in a piece of tim- 
ber ; a crook in a cloth. 

PHAKWANJA ^c<^t40 s, m. De- 

PHAKWAlSIjf ^ofttft ) c ep t i o D, 
phantom ; fable. 

pHAKWAf Votsfl^ s.f. Covering; 
compensation for covering. 

pHAKWAU^rA ^o<^ » Qa I v. a. (Caus. 
of phakktkd,) To cause to be covered, 

PHAL ^i^ s. /. A shield ; protection ; 

inclination, slope, declivity ; usage, cus- 
tom, fashion, currency ; an instalment of 
revenue ; import ; diminution of metal 
in melting : — dhdl hdnchh, wdf^hh, *. /. 
An instalment of revenue ; a collection of 
different duties: — ^hdlpai^f or pduj^i^ v. a. 
To collect revenue, &c : — dhdlrndf^, wdUi '• 
m, A declivity, a slope ; one of an easy 
and obliging disposition : — ^hdlmdf^, dMU 
wdn, a. Inclining, sloping ; cast (metal) : — 
dhdl talwdr, s, m. lit. Shield and sword - 
met. an animal or thing with one horn or 
side erect and the other bent downward. 

dhalAI ^7^1^ 

)of I 

The price 

dhalAxh? ^35if5 

pouring, melting. 

PHALAINT '^<S*:J s, m. An armed 

servant in the train of a great man • a 
constable, a targeteer* 

DHALAK ^35or«. /. Boiling, slipping 
down ; twinkling. 

PHALAKNA ^BJ^oT^T U. n. To be 

PHALKNA ^35or3»3 slackened, to 

be loosed ; to slip down, to roll ; to be 
poured out, to spill; to twinkle. 

PHALANA ^\^^ \ V. a. To melt, to 
mould, to form, to figure, to shape, to 
coin ; to throw, to cast; to pour out; ta 
decline; to offer stores for sale where 
encamped (merchants.) 

PHALAU^TA ^<K> ' Qd l v.a. To cause 

to be cast, to cause to be melted, to cause 
to be poured out. 

DHALIArA XlffenfTgr ,. m. Ropes tied 
so as to put them to the neck and 
mouth of a cow, bullock and buffalo 
and ended to the nape of neck ; delusion. 
See Maiii^h, 


( 294 ) 


^)HALKAU ^Mo{|Q ». wi. Rolling?, 

slipping down ; pouring ; twinkling ; 

DHALKAwA ^Mo(lQdl V. a. (Cans, 
of Dhalakfid,) To roll or slide down. 

DHALNA ^B55S^ )v, n. To be 
DHALJA^jTA SWrararrC cast, to be 

poured out, (as wine into a cup), to 
spill ; to roll ; to decline (as the sun or 
day) ; to melt (as snow or metal) ; to be 
reduced (as the days of life), to become 
old ; to be softened or appeased ; to be 
imported — dhaldi chhdn, dhaldd par- 
•chhdnwdn, lit. The changing shadow, 
the changes of fortune. 

DhAl^jtA ^IAcb> *• "^^ ^ ^^^ of 

stone used for magical purposes ; a gold 
or silver ornament worn sometimes as an 

DHALNA ^55?5T t;. a. See Dhila'^d. 

DHALtJ ^T^ a., 8. w. Sloping; 
a caster of metals. 

DHALt^KHlSf A IR5>43^ ^'- «• To smear 
the surface of a biead slightly with 

pHALWAf ^d6<l^ »•/• Pouring out, 
melting; the price of pouring out, 
melting metals. 

PHALWAU^A ^tt^'s^ ^' ®" '^^ 
cause to be cast, to cause to be melted, 
to cause to be poured out ; to cause to be 
imported, to cause to make sloping. 

DHAM TpW s. m. Place, dwelling, house, 

PHAmA VnV s. m. A species of 

drum, one end of which is closed with 
wood, and the other covered with skin. 

T)HAMA XI>n «• wu A small spinous 
weed {Fagonia crettca) common in most 

parts of the Panjab plains. The plant 
is given as a febrifuge and tonic, and in 
the Peshawar Valley it is administered 
to children as a prophylactic against 

3 NoLse^ 



uproar; jumping and making noise ; c ir. 

DHAMADHAM ITHniH «. m. The. 

noise made by beating rice, Ac., with a 
large wooden pestle. 

DHAMAhAN IJHT^ g. m. The name 

of a plant used medicinally and in mak- 
ing ink ; the indurated smoke which 
attaches itself to a chimney or to the 
ceiling and timbers of a room; t. q, Lha- 

DHAMAK XUfoT s. f. A thump, a blow,, 
a noise of footsteps ; throbbing. 

DHAMAkA 7n(to[^8,m. A blow, the 

noise of a heavy body falling on the 

DHAMAKKA ^V^ 8.m. A thump, 
a noise ; a sound of drums. 

DHAMAKNA XTMoTST v.n. To strike, 
to thump, to throb, to palpitate. 

DHAMAL TIW35 *./. A kind of leap- 
ing and whirling practised by a class of 
Masalman faqirs called Jaldli or VJia-- 
malt : — dhamal pdut^i, v. n. To leap and 
whirl ; to make a great noise.- 

DHAMALf Xnr;^ 8. m. A class of 
Muhammadan faqirs, 

DHAmAN lgT>|T 8. m. A kind of sbefl ; 

an earthen ball used in play ; a tallj ; 
1. q. Dhdwdn, 

DHAMAiir TTOS I *. m. A kind of 

DHAMAN 11113 ) wood used much 

for hahangU on acconnt of its strength ; 
a kind ot serpent ; a kind of grass (Pen- 


( 296 ) 


nietum cenchroides,) common in many 
parts of the Panjab plains, and reckoned 
one of the best of all the wild grasses for 
forage, both for cows, and horses. It is a 
thick, juicy, pale green grass and grows 
to a considerable height in favourable 
years. This grass, the ziminddrs heWexey 
if in good condition, gives a semi-intoxi- 
cating effect to the milk of buffaloes who 
graze on it. 

DHAmAN TJtlfi 8,m. See Dhdmmd. 

iHAMA^ TJVJIS 1 8. m. A cere- 

►HAMANH "^WS } mony performed 

by Hindns after 13 days of child-birth 
when chapdti and Hrd are distributed 
amon^ the relatives; (Pot.) a period 
of child-birth, a condition of lying in 

u 1 a. 
K ) rate of 

At the 
two and 

^hAmana 'WV^ 

►HAMANf WWc§t 
a half mannds for a rupee. 

>HAMAR IlWg 8. /. A kind of music 

much practised in the hoU and attended 
by a particular mode of keeping time. 


8, m, 1 



ing a great noise with the feet. 

dhambalA ^^535T 


DHAMBf? ifgt^ *. /. A crowd. 
See Dhamdr, 

BHAMBOftf 4#^ «. /. A yellow 
wasp ; t, q, Bhamori. 

DHAMCHAKKA5 TTJfgora *• ^. 
See Dhamachchaf. 

DHAMIAN TTjftyHlV m. a prickly 

bush or plant which is generally burnt 
in ovens ; i. q. Jowdnh. 

1 V. o. 
I To 

gallop (of a horse.) 

DHAMKAt TJHSn^ 8.m. T] 
noise of footsteps. 

dhamkAdenA TrMon€s' 
dhamkAu^iA TTHSr^fsi 

threaten, to snub, to daunt. 

DHAMKf TDfoft s. f. Threat, menace: 

— dhamki wichch dufid, v, n. To be 
frightened, to be coerced by one's threats. 

DHAMKfRf ^Woft^ 8, f. A small 

round wooden or earthen drum used in 
children's play. 

DHAMMA TjrilT ,. m. An invitation to 

a Brahman for feast ; a great feast ; i, q, 

DHAMMAtJT XJ^fe t;. n. (If.) Corrupt- 
ed from the Persian word Bamidan. To 
dawn, to break forth (a dawn) : — dham- 
man laggi rdt. Night began to turn into 
dawn; — (BT.) A small tree (Orenna 
elasticaj Orewia oppo8itifoUaS) 

DHAMMA^DHUSSA xfW3gi?T s, m. 

Making a great noise with the" feet; ». q, 
Bhamaf dhu88d, 

DHAMMfNWEI^ l5fft35T s, m. (M.) 

Earliest dawn : — dhammintcele mulldn 
karin pukdr, yd Bahb Sdln; hot chokkhd 
mar, jedo dwdn ddnd laddi. At earliest 
dawn the MuUdns breathe a prayer, 

Lord God ! kill a rich man to-day, that 

1 may return from his house with a bul- 
lock-load (of offerings). — Song on the 
avarice of Mulldt^8, 

DHAM^lf im^ 8. /. (IT.) A common 

garden and field weed (Portulaca oleracea^ 
Fortulaca 8ativa) found in the plains. It 
is often eaten as a pot-herb, especially 
in times of scarcity. The fresh leaves are 
used as a cataplasm in erysipelas. The 
seeds are considered cooling and astrin- 



( 296 ) 


gent, and given as demulcent in internal 

DHAMO^f Tn^ »•/• A yellow wasp; 

i. g> 


. m. i A 
?. /. J wi 

with the 


fist; t. q, Mukkd. 

DHA^ IT3 *• *"" Wealth, money, 

riches, fortunes, property ; cattle, a herd 
of catties; the sign Sagittarius : — dhan 
md'Q't dhafi imn, dhanpdtar^ dhaf^ waiit, 
dhaH wanti, 8. m. /. A rich person : — 
(2/uzQ wdld, 8. m. A rich man; a 
herdsman : — dhai(^ <2.Wq hot^dy v. n. To 
be blessed : — dha'^^laiiady v, n. See 

DHAIS^ H'<£ «. 'T^' Rice, (before it is 

separated from the husk), the rice plant 
(Oryza «aHra), charity, alms, gift (cor. of 
Dtftt) ; what one has a right to, what 
is lawful and proper, a right; preg- 
nancy : — dhdi(^ kudhif^y s. m. Charity 
proper or improper: — dhuppdn howen 
addh barsdU; tdn dhdndn jo nd ihein 
dardti. When the sun shines in the 
middle of the rains, don't put sickle to 
the rice. — Prov. Dry weather in the 
rainy season is considered bad for the 
rice crop. 

DHA^A ^'i' t?. a. To throw down, 

to overthrow ;— «. m. A crowd ; i. g. 
Dhdhrkd, Dhdufid. 

DHANADH IJ6'€ «•' »• «• ^>ch, weal- 
thy ; a rich person. 
DHA15AK -q^Sf ) *• «• Cormpted 
DHANAKH TJ?Pi ) from the Sanskrit 

word Dhanush. A bow;— (X.) Rain- 
\tow.-dhaiiak bdn, ». m. Bows and 

DHANAK -q^or »■ ^- (^O ^ ^^^^ **"^^ 
in wheat fields ; a disease of wheat In 
March and April the grain shrivels up 
fnTbecomes black, bitter aad ci^ed :- 
CakdddhanaktUgui. The wheat has 

become diseased. 

DHA^^AN in^ s.f, pi Parched 

grain ; a woman's breast who bears when 
past age ; c. w. bhuaxidy bhujnidn. 

DHANAlJiTTAR TJ?^ 1 s, m. The 

DAANAlJITARf l\^M ) name of a 

physician in the court of Indra (properly 
Dhanantar waid^ ; a very learned and in- 
telligent man. 

DHANAP TJ^Ha.,8.f. Arrived at the 

age of maturity (a cow) ; a cow -when 
young with her first calf, or just of age 
to become in calf. 

DHANASARf tlcS^Hj) */• The name 

of a musical mode which is performed 
only in the evening after three o'clock : — 
annhi dhandsari machduf^i, v. a. To talk 
nonsense ; to go on irregularly. 

DHANATTAR IJS'HU «. m, A gar- 
den flower (Clitoria tematea), the leaves 
and seeds of which are officinal, the 
farmer being given in infusion for erup- 
tions, and the latter being aperient. 

DHANAWAN Tlftl^A v.m,(M.) To 

give the bull to the cow, to become in 
calf (used of cows and bufEaloes.) 

DHANCH ^gng | #. m. a frame, a 
DHAISjICHA ^figr) plan; a scheme; 

mode, manner, way, method. 
DHAlSip fSfg ) 8. /. (M.) A pool left by 
DHAljip ^g ) the Indus where it re- 

cedes ; the bed of a nalah may in this 
way be turned into dhand ; t. 5. Dhnnnh. 

DHANDA "^^ «. m. Business, work, 

employment, avocation, occupation : — kar 
karsdne jhad, 8haitdne, karsdne chokhd 
dhandd ; jtnh4n karsdne chhadie hhande 
halyohandd mandd. Till the land and quit 
devilry, it is the best occupation, those 
who leave it off, their condition is bad.— 
Prov. preference is given to the culti- 
vation of land over beggary and idleness. 

• * ■ 

( »7 > 


DHANDA ^1^1 «. m- A bullock, a bull, an 
ox; rtieU a foolish or stupid man ; a simple 


DHANDAL Hi l ^ I g S «. /. Busine 
engagement, Tirork ; entanglement. 


DHAljrDALl ip^JSt 

3 tri 

trick, the con- 

fusing of things with a view to deceive; 
wrangling: — dhdndal machniy pat^i, v. n. 
To occur (a trick); attacking of a band of 
policemen over gamblers in a gambling 
house with a view to arrest them : — dhdn- 
dal paii^ij machiuf^i, v. a. To make 
subterfuge; to attack gamblers (by 

DHANpAli '%W7S «• Astonished, 
perplexed; absorbed. 

DHANDALf iQf^JSt a. Engaged in 
business, occupied. 

DHANDALf Tp^S^ ,. ^. T One 

DHANDALf A TJT^J^brMT ,. ^. I ^ho 

DHANDALA?? U\riih<t s, /. [ uses 

DHANDALYA qi^^l^l s. m. J s^ib- 

DHANDH %^ 8,f. (M,) A lake, a 

depression in the ground that fills with 
water in the rainy season, a branch of a 
river ; i. q. Dhann, Dhannh, 

DHAnDHAn X|fqT s, /. The booming 

of cannon, the sound of a drum ; the 
sound of beating with shoes ; i. q. Dhdh 

PHAN DHAn KARNA ^ ^ Sfgj^ 

«. n. To whistle (as wind through an 
empty vessel); to sing (as a singing in the 
bead) ; t. q. Sdn 8dn kamd. 

DHANDHlJ ^ «./.(if.) The wind 
that blows very strong ; i. q, Lhdd4. 

DHANpf ^grgf B, f. A cow; met. a 
foolish or stupid woman : the same as 

DHANDOHirA fe^^^l V. a. See 

DHANDOBA ^^^8.m, A public pro- 

clamation, a proclamation accompanied 
by beating of drum : — dhandord det^d^ 
phemd, r. n. To proclaim :-^^n(iiori 
phtmd, V. n. To be proclaimed ; V. q. 

DHANDORf A 'Sf^tW »• ^- A pro- 

DHAlSipsf ^ l ^gfl s.f. SeeDhdf^. 

DHANG- IJTgy *• /. w. Fame, report, 

renown, name; rumour; pomp, glory; fear, 
terror; % q, Dhdk, dhdnk ;—{K.) A flail 
or rather a stick used to thresh com. 

DHAIJG ^?T •• *»• Behaviour, conduct, 

mode, manner, method, way ; frame, 
mould ; marriage or other festival or joy- 
ful occasion :—-dhamg wang^ s, w. The 
same as Dhang. 

DHA^GA ^idl> B.m. A crook used 

for pulling down the branches of trees, 
for goats, sheep and camels ; — {Pot., M.) 
A rope, a cord with which a cow's legs 
are tied to prevent her kicking when 
milked ; (t. g. Nidfkd) : — m^ng ghane^ til 
path dedar idp judr ; hdU uh sardhiye 
jo dhdnge sefe wdr. Sow m4ng thick, 
sesamum thin, juar at a frog's jump ; 
praise the ploughman who throws cotton 
seeds in at a rope's length. — Prov. 

DHANGA ^dl' «• w- A crooked word 

or action, something fictitious on which 
reliance can not be placed, a fabrication 
: — dhange Idutke, v. a. To fabricate a 
story, to speak or act in a crooked 

liW " = 


{ 298 ) 


pHA.1^05?A ^gig! V. a. To hopple, to 

tie a horse's feet, or head and, feet to- 
gether to prevent him from running 
away when let out to pasture; to cohabit 
with a woman. 

DHA^jIGtJ ^gigi I *. w. The same 

DHAI?H "qig 8.f, (If.) pi JDUnhtn, 

A complaint : — ashik mai^ dudin dhdn- 
hin ka/r ghindd mailuhe. It is bj making 
prayers and complaints that a lover 
gains his object. — Pro v. 

DHANHAi^ qiAlji ».m. (M.) Con. 

ander seed (Coriandrum sativum) ; t. q, 
Dhanidt DharUdi^^ Dhaniyd* 

DHA^lf T[^ a., *. m. Rich, wealthy ; 

a rich person :— d^ft^ jdf^df v. a. To be 
copulated, to be cohabited (a cow, 
buffalo): — jahdn dhaf^i paunche nahin^ 
tahdn paunche wididwdr^. Where a rich 
person can not go there a learned man 
can reach. — Prov. used to show prefer- 
ence to a learned man over a rich person. 

pnA^l ^1^ 8.f, A crowd, a multi- 
tude, a class, an assembly: — ihdi&i 
hannhf^i, v, a. n. To assemble : — dihdf^i 
jamdu^i, Idu^i, v. n. To sit together : — 
^hdxki hhanafii, v. a. To disperse a 
crowd ; to perf otn a certain play. 


DHANfAl? T^^M 

plant is eaten as a vegetable, and the 
seeds as a condiment. The latter are 
also used medicinally, being g^ven in 
decoction for colio, and in the Yundni 
system for cerebral diseases. 

DHANf JA¥ XR^ttTS V, n. (M.) To be 

given the bull (of a cow) ; to become in 
oalf (used of cows and bufEaloes.) 

DHAN J Cfi^ti *. i». (M.) Corruption 

of the Sanskrit word Dhdny, Rice, 
seedling rice still in the nursery. 

^ 3 der 6 

seed. The 

DHAlSilK Ijiof *./• See DW«^, I>Wk. 
DHANKAR %oTO «. «^- Emulation, 

boasting, pride. See Dhakdr. 
DHAI^KARAlSf ^o^ldd «• /• 7 S o e 

DHANKARf ^o(l^ 9. m. } Dha. 

kdrafk, Dhakdrt. 

DHA^AKH TJISM «• «»• See Dhc^^ak. 

DHANKH fr%f 8. /. (Pot) A young 

DHANN TJ7^ 8. m. Thanks, blesfu 

ings ; — a. Blessed, happy : — dhannhdd, 
8, m. Congratulations, thanks : — dhaun 
hhdg, dhanndhann, intj, Blessingtt on 
you ! bravo ! well done ! — dhann dhann 
hqfdf^dj V, fi. To be blessed, to be 
praised : — dhann gdn da Jdyd, jisne sard 
mulk wtsdyd. Bravo ! cow's son who 
has rendered the whole country popu- 
lous. — Prov. used in praise of bullocks. 

DHANN ^gS \ 9. f. A pond, a lake, 

PHANNH ^^ ) any excavation filled 
with water ; t. q. Dhat^. 

DHANNA XTS^ 8, m. A proper name ; 

a famous hhagat (devotee): — dhannd sefh^ 
8. m. A very rich man. 

DHAIJNA HiA* V. o. To subdue, to 

bring into subjection ; to copulate (as a 
bull with a cow). 

DHANNf '^?Si «• /• ^ part of the 

country near Pothohar : — dhanni gheb, 
ghep, 8. /. A part of the Panjab which 
produces fine horses. 

DHAljfS IjnF! 8. w. An iron spike ; 

coughing from taking snuff, or from the 
fumes of tobacco, pepper, Ao.; the cough 
(of a horse, cow*, 4c.) : — dhdns iaoi, v. a. 
To threaten. 

DHAliJISlSfA HflH^l V. n. To cough (a 
oow, horse). 


( 29d ) 


DHANT TpH «./. A metal, an ore, 
a mineral ; tperma genikkle, iemen virile :— 
ihi»t paiU ho^i or toagui, v. n. To goffer 
from seminal disorder. 


'HASPK Xr^ I ,. „. A bow; 

'HA5IUKH -q^ I t. J. Bham, 


HANPKHf ir^vft ,./. The bow of a 

cotton carder. 

IANiJ ins ^./. (K.) Bice land. 

limit V7i^^ 9. m, (M,) A 
professional weigher, a Hindu who in 
batdi village weighs out the grain to 
« divided ; t. q. DhafwiL 

ANWAN T^^?; V, n. (M.) To bathe. 

'ment participle : dhdndd ; FfUure : dhdn- 
;» ; fast participle : dhdntd :-—tohhe tu 
mdin, Sahibd, te pdni dxk pild; eho 
m hitten lakid, hat dhdnwan dijd. Mir- 
—Yon are bathing in the lake, 8dhibd; 
nie give me water to drink. Sdhibd.— 
'gs have lapped this water, it is a 
thing place.— Story of 8dhihd and 

TWJn ) *. w. Corian- 
^JWT 3 der seed. See 



ODHA Tjr^ ad. Immediately, 
antly, at once, without stoppinj?- 

^ M*^ 8. f. The sound of a drum ; 

^ V ^ *. m. A slap, a 

Ta^ VhloYT, a stroke 

'PHA TI%T J with the hand :— 

ha laggf^d, v. n. lit. To be struck (a 
) with the hand ; to sustain or suffer 
nage or loss (either on the death 
'tie, or bv any other way) :—dhapphd 
'. mamd, v. a. To strike (a blow) 
the hand; to damage. 

DHAPPHAR Xfeg ,. m. The swelling 

oocasioned by the bite of a mosquito or 
other insects, similar swfeUings pro- 
duced by other causes; the same as 
Bhappd ; c. «?. idw&d, mdmi, paif^d* 

pHAPP^jA ^^IRJT v. n. To cover, to 
shut in, to conceal; t\ q. T^dppfikd^ 

DH AR tJH 8. f. The navel or umbilical 

vein ; the displacement of the umbilical 
vein causing severe pain \ c» w. paif^i ;— 
dhaf dahhod, v» a. To compel, to 
threaten; to abuse; — dhar ZaiQtf, r, a. 
To catch, to hold, to lay hold, to seize, 
to put to one's charge: — dhar mdrrU^ v. n. 
See Dhamd: — dhar rukkhfid, v. a. To 
keep, to retain ; i. q. Bharan^ 

DH A? Xt^ 8. f. The body from the 

head downwards ; a heap of mixed grain 
and straw after threshing and l^fore 
winnowing : — dhaf mdre jdtkd, rahi jdfkd^ 
V. n. To have paralysis. 

DHAR XU^ 8. m» /. A line, a stream, a 

current ; milk (pi. dhdrdn) ; the ridge of 
a mountain ; the edge of a sword, knife, 
Ac. ; urine ; — s. f. (K,) A sheep-mn ; — • 
• 8. m. ( Jf .) An exclamation used for crying 
help; i. g. Bdhufii — dhdr or dhdrdvk 
defid, V. a. To cause to drink the milk 
of a buffalo and kid from the teat ; nutt, to 
take revenge : — dhdr or dhdrdn laixid, v, a* 
To drink the milk of a buffalo and kid 
from the teat:— rf^r kaddhf^ij v, n. To 
milk (a cow, &c.) ; to sharpen an edge of 
a tool : — -dhdr IdiiQi, v. a. To sharpen an 
edpred tool ; — dhdr mdrni^ i». n. To piss, to 
make water ; to dull the edge of a tool ; 
Tnet. to care a little, not to care for, to 
disregard, to scorn. 

DHAS tp^ 8. /. A band, banditti, a 

multitude, an overwhelming multitude 
or crowd of robbers ; — irUj. Ah ! Alas ! 
thieves : — dhdrpaini, v. n. To be attack- 
ed by a band of robbers. 

DHA^A Xf^) 8. m. A company, a party. 


DHARA JJ^l ) a partial party ; a party 

who have one sided opinion; a weight 
made up to a given amount by iixQ help of 


( 300 ) 


bricks, &c.^ something thrown into the 
opposite scale to balance a vessel in -which 
a liquid ifi to be weighed i—^M.) A heap 
of mixed grain and straw after threshing 
and before winnowing : — dhard dhaf 
mdm4, V. «. To beat one violently or 
with a great fury, 

DHArA X(t^ 8. m. Plunder ; banditti, 

a crowd, a multitude : — dhdfd lohfd, intj. 
Oh ! alas ! thieves ! : — dhdrd mdrnd, v, a. 
To attack (as robbers), to plunder in 
bands ; to take something by cheating : — 
dhdrd paif^^ t*, tk To occur (an assault 
by robbers), to be attacked by robbers. 

PHAbA '^(^ s. m, A thatched roof 

before a door of any hotise or shop to 
prevent the sun and hard rains ; — (M,) 
A line of cattle tied together with one 
long rope and fastened on land in order 
that they may manure it. 

DHArA ^>d' 8, Tn. A stream, a cur- 

DHARADEISTA yd'^c!;' «• »• See 
Dhanodtufid. ^ 

DHARAf Tran^ 8. /• Hire for taking 
care of articles. 

DHARAK TT^oT 8. f. m. Fear, fright, 
horror, terror. 

DHAJEIAkA Tigrsn «. m. a crash, the 

report of a jrun or pistol, any sudden 
snapping sound. 

DHA^AK^A TjgSrS^ ^- ♦»• To palpi- 

tate with fear, to be terrified ; to throb 
(the heart). 

DHA^tALL TJWPi «• Naked. 

DHA^ALLA XI335T 8. m. The sound 

of rain or hail, the voice of a multitude, 
the noise of a hammer ; a crowd, abun- 
dance, a heavy shower. 

DHARAN TjgjS €. /. The umbaical 

vein, a displacement of the umbilical vein 
causing great pain ; mode, manner, more- 
ment, conduct ;— -f. a. (Jtf.) To keep, to 
place : — dharan patfii, t;. n. To be dis- 
placed (the umbilical vein): — dharan 
ihdnh sir dw(^i, v, n. To become (the 
umbilical vein) in a proper place. 

DHAR AN TJJBTi 8. /. The quantity of 

anything weighed at once: — dharan 
kamdy v. a. To assume, to adopt to 
take on oneself ; to bear ; to put on 
{jane^ dhdran Jcamd,) 

DHARAP^jTA tRfOI^ 1?. a. To satigf j. 

DHARAS XTB^ «• ^' Hope ; satisfac- 
tion ; {, q. Bharwds, 

DHAR AT TI33 ) '• ^- The business 
DHA5ATH q«jq 3 °^ ^ Bharfcdi (a 

weigher); a tax on sales, («. c, one or 
two or three pices per rupee on all 
grains and other things sold by zimMin 
or others taken from the purchaser, and 
on all things imported and sold in a 
village taken from the seller) ; a heap 
of grain or quantity of other merchan- 
dize collected to be weighed. 

DHARAU$rA l4d ' Q6 ^ t?. a. To caiwe 
to put, to keep ; to o we . Present pa rtici'pk : 
dhardundd ; Future : dhard4ngd ; Pfl-*^ 
participle : dhardid : — main terd hi dha- 
rdundd hdn» What do I owe yon ? 

DHARAwA Tigi^ a. Supporting, 

sustaining: — ji dhardwd^ a. Adapted to 
support or sustain (the heart.) 

DHARE JAnA XI§ WZ^ v. n. To be 

apprehended, to be imprisoned. 

DHARE K TJ^Sr 8. f. The name of » 

tree (Melia Azedarach,) This tree is 
liked by the people for its pleasant 
shade and verdure in the hot weather, 
and is generally planted by them a* 
wells. Its wood ih yellowish, soft, 


< 301 ) 


brittle, and weak, but is bitter and not 
subject to the attacks of insects. The 
leaves and fraits are officinal. The fruit 
is greedily eaten bj goats and sheep. 
The seeds are considered hot and are 
given in rhenmatism, and in Eangra 
pounded and mixed with apricots they 
are rnbbed in for the same disease; i, q. 
Bakai% dhek, 

)HAREL XId?5 s. /. A concubine. 

)HAEEWA IjQ^I 8. m. The act or 

ceremony of taking a concubine ; t. a, 


HABGHUNNA Tigufer ,. /. {Pot.) 

The fruit of the Bharek, Dhek tree ; t. q. 


HARf I|T^ 8. /. w. A shelf; a line, 

lineament; (in comp.) a holder, a posses- 
sor ; a suffix to proper names and other 

lARl TJ^ 8.f, A weight of ten seers; 

iqual to the weight of ten seers ; the fold 
>f a piece of cloth; the line made on the 
ips with missi ; the plaited hair on the 
emples of a woman ; — (If.) The mode 
Q which women wear their hair after i 
larriage and for the rest of their life- 
ime — the braids on the fore-head un- 
laited, and t}ie back hair plaited into a 
m^ tail: — dhati jwmdux^i or ZJut}^, v, n. 

make the line on the lips with mi88i ; 
• plait the hair on the temples, 

Ati^k^ TJ^W «. /. pi (3f.) 

^aves ; also the same as Bharl :-^daryd 
laridn pid marendd. The river is 
lling in waves. 

ariapahria xrtkwiraftnw ) 

m. Crying out for assistance; — intj. 

1 ! ala» ! thieves ! 

lRIQG Xmq^ 8. m., a. Iniquity, 

preseion; a matter of regret ; worthless, 
no value ; — intj, Ab ! oh ] alas ! — 
Id dharigg janam hat. His existence 
cvorthless ; t. q, JDhamgg, 

DHAIIKA TT^oTT 8, m. | Fear, horror, 

DHA^Kf ilfjoH s. /. 3 trembUng; 
throbbing, palpitation ; c. iv. paif^d, 


To drive in ; to push one from place to 
place for any work; to compel oneta 
work hardly and not to give leisure to 

DHA9KAU5?A IJgjo< l Qg T t;. a. To 


DHAPKtirA XraoTST V, n. To palpi- 

tate with fear, to be terrified; to throb:— 
ji dharknd, v. n. To throb (the heart) ; 
1. q, JDhafakf^d. 

DHARM TJ^8.m. Religion, faith, 

belief, creed; justice, righteousness, 
truth, conscientiousness, honesty; reli- 
gious observances; duty, obligation; 
ca«te ceremonies ; merit : — dharm arth^ 
8. w. A charitable grant, religious en- 
dowment: — dharm dtmdy s. m. A holy 
person, a good man, a pure spirit: — 
dharm atUdr^ a., *. m. lit. An incarna- 
tion of dharm; holy; a holy man: — 
dharm hharuf kamd, v. a. To destroy 
one's caste :-^^rm chhin, 8, m. An 
apostate: — dharm chukknd, v. n. To 
swear by one's faith, to take an oath : — 
dharm dJ putt handttfid, t?. a. To adopt 
by law(a son): — dharm dhakke^ 8, m. 
Knocks and blows suffered for religious 

purposes ; to be turned from caste : 

dharm ghari, 8. f. A clock that strikes :— 
dharm kamduiad, v. n. To work out one's 
salvation : — dharm karnd, v. n. To do 
good, to practise virtue; to give alms : — 
dharm mdrat, 8, m. lit. An image of 
dharm ; a form of address used by Brah- 
mins and beggars towards a Raja or a 
rich man : — dharm ndl, ad. In good faith ; 
honestly, sworn on one's faith: — dharm 
Bdjy Rat 8, w. An epithet of 7amd 
{Pluto) \ a kingdom where justice is 
administered: -d^rm sdl, dharm 8dld, 
8. f. A rest-house for travellers, a pill 
grim, an alms-house, a religious place 
among the Sikhs in which Qranth is 
opened, and it is held to the same rever- 
ence as a mosque among the Muham- 
madans . — dharm 8d8tar^ 8hd8ta^^ 8, w. The 

dharmA dharm! 

( 802 ) 


Hindu laws Qr scriptures: — dharm tipeUsh* 
8. m. Moral, or religious instruction : — 
haih dharmt, s. /. Faithlessness, irreli- 
gion; persistence. 

DHARJiA DHARMf TigH^ ^^^^l ad 

DHARMO dharmI -qxlH xigjft ) 

Swearing to another, in good faith. 

dharmAuta^t ttum^H3 «• /. ) 

DHARMAUTf Iig>P§3t *• rn.,) 

Righteous, honest, upright person. 
DHARMf IT^lft a., a. 9». Faithful, true ; 

a just person, a righteous man, a religi- 
ous and faithful person ; an epithet of 
Haqiqat Rai, a Hindu lad of 13, who was 
mercilessly killed hy a Mnhammadan 
Goremor of Lahore at the instance of a 
Qazl of Seilkote for refusing to embrace 

DHARNA "XjgST V. a. To put or set 

down, to place, to keep, to locate; to set 
(a vessel) on fire for oookinia^ ; to bring 
an action against, to bring to trial ; — ^. m. 
Sitting at one's door fasting in order 
to extort some favour: — agge dhf»rnd, 
v^ n« See agge Idttf^d in Agge: — dd te 
dhflmd^ V. n. To pledge, to stake: — ^ 
dharni def^, dhamd mdmd. Compelling 
payment of a debt, or compliance with 
any demand by sitting at one's door. 

DHARNA q^dA* V, a. To determine, 

to resolve ; to take, to take on oneself, to 
assume, to adopt; to hold, to bear, to 
sustain to have, to keep; to owe; to 
put on,' to wear (as jane4 dhdmd), 

DHARNf TJBJST «. /• A turner's bow. 

DHAROH IJcJO »• '''*• Fraud, deception, 

DHAROHAR lI^Qd «• /• ^ *"^*' 
charge, anything given in charge, a 

DHAROHf 'y5d! »■ wi. A deceiver. 

DHARPOSH XpgijB *.w*. (^.) A large 
species (Saanfraga Ugulata)^ with great 
leaves and handsome flowers, often found 
growing on rooks in the Panjab Hima- 
laya up to the Indus. See Dakachr^. 

DHARRA ifgr 8. m. (Af.) The name of 

the water shares on which the />^Zm 
(water channel or stream of water or a 
share in the water) of the Mutfdz^i and 
Midifkhel (tribes of Dera Ismail Klian) 

) land:- 

The earth, 
— dharti te^ ad. 

DHART lygg 


On the earth, in the world: — dharti mJtdf 
8. /. Mother earth : — dhart halUt^ 8. m. 
The earthquake. 

DHARUGG Xra%T «• «^. See DhaHgg. 

DHARTJh XjaU «. «»• Corrupted 

fram the Sanskrit word Dh4v. The 
polar star. 

DHARtJH^irA IIHU5? ^' «• To strip 
(a tree) ; ». g. Dh^hud. 

DHARtf R Ijgg ff. tit. A plant (Dios- 

eorea deltatdea) which grows abundantly 
in many parts of the Panjab Himalaya, 
and Trans-Indus. The n)ot is used in 
Kashmir for washing the pasham for 
shawls, and there and on the Chenab and 
Sutlej for washing woollen cloth. The 
leaves are officinal in the plains. 

DHARWADENA «4d<>^2^ ^•«- See 

DHARWAf il^^l^ *. m. f. The 

village accountant and weighman, a 
weigher, a professional weigher ; weigh- 
ing, pay for weighing: — dharwdi gart, 
giri^ 8. f. The business of a weigher. 

DHARWAf IJd<^l^ •• /• The same 
as Dhariffdi ; also see Dhanil* 

DHA^WAll? ira^'ffeS 9.f. The wife 
of a Dhaf'rdL 

dhArwAn n»d^'<S «• C^) '•'^** 

which is kept, that which is selected ; 
that (sheaf) which is selected by the 
reaper as his wages. The reaper's wage 
is one sheaf of corn out of every forty. 
Great scheming is used to make the 
sheaf as big as possible ; ». g. Ldif Ldw*' 


( 308 ) 



DHARWAS ira^Tfl ,. m. Hope, ex- 
pectation; satisfaction, eomfort; tmst, 
confidence ; i. f . I)hard$. 

DJIARWAU^A TT d^lgA t V. a. Cans, 
of Bhami, To bring: aii action fcgainst, 
to bring to trial ; to c^nse to set a cook- 
ing vessel on fire ; to canse to pnt or 

DHARWf liy^n *. m.)Aplun. 
DHARWA^ i|l;j^^ B. /. ) derer. 

DHASA DE^jrA Tjrn %^ V. a. See 

DHASAK ITOISr I r. m. Fear, 
DHASAkA llHFon ) dread; congh. 

DBAS AL m\i^ 8. /. The name of an 
eruptive disease. 

DHASAN TIHS •. /. Sinking (as in a 

mire) ; a qnagmire ; the state of being 
tlimst in. 

DEASAlS XUn^ 8. m. A slough, a bog, 
a qnag^mire^ nmddj ground. 

DHASAtJ tIJP§ a. Soft, not solid, pene- 
tartvble. * 

DHASAtJ XU^ 8. m. Sinking (in 
mire), penetrating. 

»HASAlH?A Xraff^T ) V. a. Cans, of 

DHASA^jtA m\ \ ^\ ]l)hasrid. To 

toake sink, to thrust in ; to cause to pene- 
trate (in a mire), to enter, to pierce. 

t^HASNA Wt^ 9. m. A Support ; de- 
pendence: — ^hdsryd hzffdt^ai^ IduQd, v. a. 
To take a support with a wall or any 
*^ing ; to have dependence on any person 
or toy thing. 

^HASJirA TmS^ tr. H. To sink (as in 
^aire), to penetrate, to enter; to interfere. 

DHASSA XTTRT 8. m. Smelling; chid* 

ing, threatening, awning i-^Mbbd dhdBBd, 
8. m. The same as Vhdud* 

DHASSiirA ifHi* V. n. To drive 
quickly. See agtje Iduf^d in Agge* 

DHASWAUijrA TTJl^rggT v,a. Cans, 
of DhoBnd. To cause to penetrate. 

DHAT TI3 *. /. A bad habit, or prac- 
tice ;c. w. pati^i, 

DHAT TJigr *. /. A metal, an ore, a 

mineral; 8perma genU<de, 8emm virHe\ 
u q. Dhdnt 

DHAtA ^T^ I 8. m. A long hand- 

DHATHA ^T5T ) kertohidf tied over 

the turban and ears, a pidoe of cloth tied 
under or over the beard to make the hair 
incline upward or towards the ears 
(used generally bv the Sikhs); c. w. 
hannhndiu q. JUiathd. 

DHATAM ^T^^M 8, i». Final order, 

ultimatum (the word used in the Sikh 
reign by Maharaja Sher Singh.) 

'bH A^TA ^^ 8. m. A bull ;— a. Heavy, 

strong, fat, athletic; tyrannical, overbear- 

pHATTH ^ a. Full, thick. 

DHTTHA ^5T a. Fallen. 

DHATt^RA XI3UT B. m. The thorn-apple 

(Datura stramonium,) Its seeds are used 
in poisoning, and are given medicinally in 
asthmatic complaints, being sometimes 
smoked with tobacco thus, and for vi- 
cious indulgence. The leaves are appKed 
to boils and ulcers, and are also smoked 
with tobacco for asthma : — dhatHrid hoid^ 
a. Having drunk the juioe of the ^(hom^ 
apple, uader its effects. 

DHATt^Rf TJ^8,f. (M.) A pin of 

wood going through the gdthrd (inner 
vertical piece of wood connecting the 
upper and lower cross-bars) and prevent- 
ing the upper and lower cross-bars from 
separating Irom it; i. q. Phdnnd. 


( 304 ) 


DHAU Xn@ 8. m. A large tree {Lager- 

sirsBfnia parviflora.) Its timber is yel- 
lowish, elastic, and tough, and is valued 
for agricultural implements. 

DH AtJA ^@W 8. m. A kind of double 

pHAuau^fA ^laj^ **• '^^^ *^^ ^ 

half fold. 
DHAUKH^A ^>f^ ) V. n. To bel- 
DHAUKi?A "^oTS^ ) low, to bawl, 

to blow on bellows ; t. q. DhaunJaiid. 
DH AUKH^jlf T^\f^ 1 9, f. Bellows ; 

DHAUL "^te; ». m., a. A bull (accord- 
ingto Itindu mythology) who upholds 
the earth on one horn, and when tired 
upholds it on another horn, the earth- 
quake occurs ; natural law that sustains 
the globe (used by €hir4 Ndnak in the 
Japji) ; a slap, a thump ; white :— 
dhaul dhappd, dhapphd, s. m. ^ ^^y- 
thumping and slapping: — dhaul dMk , 
a, m. A tree (Erythrina arborescens)* 
with large prickles growing trom the 
young stem and branches, which is com- 
mon wild in the Siwalik tract, and occurs 
further up to the Chenab. It is also 
seen occasionally planted in the plains. 
It grows to 50 feet high in its natural 
habitats, and has a striking appearance 
with its handsome red flowers which 
blossom before the leaves show. Its wood 
is white, soft, and tough, and seive- 
hoops and scabbards are made of it, and 
it is occasionally employed for making 
short planks for roofs i^dhaul dafhd, 
ddfU, 8, m. /. See in Dhauld. 

DHAULA "535^ ) a.,8.m.f. White; 
DHAULf ^5^ 3 a white or gray hair; 

a white ox i-^dhauU dhdr, 8. f. The name 
of a ridge of mountain near Kangra 
covered with snow i^-dhauld ddfhd, ddfhi, 
8, m,. f, A white bearded man:— 
dhauld jhdUd, 8. m. Grey hau- head (used 
in contempt for a female.) See Jhaffd"— 

shdh wi dhauU, duddk widhauld, lit. Bat- 
ter-milk is white and milk is white. — 
Prov. used of careless fellows, or of those 
who are indifferent both to loss and ta 

m. A palace. 


DHAULtJ T^^ 8. w. A species of 

sugar-cane of a white colour and full of 
knots ; a species of grass ; a ballock of 
a white colour : — dhauUk dhaulU, itUj. Oh 
white 0x1 (calling the cattle by the 
name of its colour.) 

DHAIHir ^te «• /• Th® i^aP® o^ *^® 
neck; a weight of twenty seers; » 
caste among the KhairU, 

pHAU^ilA ^tQ^I t;. a. Tothrow down, 

to demolish, to raze. 

PHAU^A §S^ a. Two and a half. 

DHAIUJlA iJST V. n. To blow bellows ; 
to be weak and inflrm. 

DHAlHifA IJlQ^I V, n. Corrupted from 
the Sanskrit word Dhdvan. To run, to 
make haste; to dash at, to make an 
attack; to be satisfied with; to be a 
parent:— d^i J hoid, a. Satisfied with ; 
having offspring. 

DHAUNCHCHA W^ «■ Four and 
a half, (an arithmetical term.) 

DHAUNf TJlQ^ »./. An attack, a 
dash, a sudden invasion ; c. «?. kami ; 
t. q. Dhdi. 

DHAU^ff T^^ 8, /. The name of a 
famine that occurred in 1869 of Bik- 
ramdjit when wheat sold for twenty seers 
for the rupee. 

DHAUNJAlgrA ^2hFrS^ «. n- To sink 
( a wall, earth) beneath. 

PHATJNKA §oP 8. wt. A nap:— 

ihaunkd latf^d, Iduif^d, v, a. To sleep ft 
little while, to get a nap. 

DHAUNKH^A "^^^fST ')v. a. To bel- 

DHAUljIKiSfA ^*5rS» ) low.. See 


( 305 ) 


DHAUNKNf T^^oT^ 1 

. ^-,- a r '•/• Bellows; 

DHAUNKHNf ^lifSt ) 

DHAtJNK^A ^Sr^ 8. m. See Dham- 

DHAU^f "9^ *•/• The tanned hide 
of a cow or bnfEalo : — dkaufl Idh satft^i^ 
Idhn^i, udhertki, v, a. lit. To skin ; to 
heat so as to take o£E skin; to beat vio- 

DHAUljIS TTW «./. A threat, threatening, 

menace ; trick : — dhauns def^i, v, a. To 
hold out a threat, to menace; to deceive: — 
dhauns wichch duj}d, v, n. To be tricked. 

DHAU¥Sl?A ^T?3f v.a. To threaten. 

DHAUNSSA ^'TT '8. m. ) A large kettle- 

DHAUllilSSf ^'ift s. /. 3 drum :— WA- 

di mdn ne dhaunssd jdyd hai ? What 
mother bore such a powerful son, t, 6., no 
one can be bold to cope with him. 

DHATHfTSYA ^TTOfT b. m. One who 
beats on a kettle-drum leading an army. 

DHAURA ^gi ». m. See DWq. 

DHAwA TJ^ 8, m. A long expedi- 
tious march, running, an invasion, an 
attack, an assault, overrunning an 
enemy's country; a messenger; the 
name of a plant which yields a red 
flower (Grislea iomentosa,) Its flowers 
are used as a medicine to stop dy- 

DHAWAf ^1^1^ 8.f. Demolishing; 
the price of demolishing. 

DHAwAN ^gr^ 8, m. A kind of shell, 
an earthen ball used in play ; a tally. 

DH AWAlJIH JJ^ 8. m. The indurated 

smoke which attaches itself to a chimney 
or to the ceiling and timbers of a room. 
See Dhamdhdn, 

DHAWAT TP^,S 8. m. Running, 

wandering hither and thither, going 
astray, one (mind) that runs. 

pHAWAUBrA ^^V@^l v. a. To cause 

to be carried; to cause to be thrown 

1 t. m. 

3 a t 

The name of 

tree and also of 

its flowers ; t. g. Bhdwd : — dhdwi Jchurd^ 
8. f. See Ddicd: — dhdwi sufaid, 8. m. 
A tree {Buxus sempervirens,) See Chikfi, 

PHED ^g3 *. m. The name of a tribe 
of workers in leather ; a crow. 

pHEpHf %^ I *. w. /. An ear 
DHEplJ ^3 3 ment consisting of a 


gold or silver pipe worn in the lobe ; at 
the outer end is a stud, jewelled or 

DHEK "^oT 8, f. A kind of tree. See 

DHEKA ^0(1 1 8, m. Actio in con" 

DHEKKA ^"Sn 3 gre88u cum muliere I 

(5. «7. Idun^dj mdmd; 

Bom of illicit 
intercourse; illegitimate; wicked, lasci- 
vious (an abusive term) ; — dheke khd^e^ 
dheke khdnde phirf^d, v. a. To wander 
hither and thither, to be in a wretched 
condition, to be in a ruined state. 

HEKAN DHAKf %S[7> ^gToft a. 

Worthless, of no value, of little impor- 

DHEKBAJt^D ^o{ij^^| 8. m. A 

pHEKWAJl^D ^ots^tjrf ) wicked, 
lascivious person. 

DHEKCHAl ^o(d<M '• /• Wicked, 
lascivious conduct ; ill-step ; a bad custom. 

PHEKPWA ^oW^T 8, m. Rakish, 
ness ; folly, wickedness. 


'( 806 ) 


DHELA "^^ s. m. Half a pice. 

DHELA ^35^ s. m. A lump of clay» 

a clod, a lump ; — iheld chautJi^ s, m. See 
Patthar chauth, 

pHELAR %JSSB s. m. (M.) The reed 

(Jcdndn) of the Succkarum $ara when 

DHELf "^^ 8. f. A piece [of eight 
annas, half a rupee. 

pHEMH ^14 8. /. A lump of^earth, or 
clod. i. q. phvm. 

DHEJ? TtcE *' /• See Dhatu- 

DHENDHA ^^ 8. m. (M,) The 

wheel of a well on which the rope-ladder 
with the earthen pots is hung; i. q. 

DHENWAN q^^i 8, m., a. Milk, sour 
milk; giving milk (an animal). 

DHER ^3 8. m, A heap, a pile ; a quan- 
tity, abundance ; gratuity ; — a. Memj, a 
great many, much, more: — man hardmi 
hujjtdn dher. When the heart is evil, ex- 
cuses are many. — Prov. 

DHERA ^cJ' *• ''^' ^ wooden instru- 
ment for twisting yarn. 

DHEf ^dl *• /• -^ heap, a small pile ; 
a share : — jawdn di dheri te gadhd rakh- 
ivdld. A heap of barley, and an ass to 
guard it, t. e., a thief to guard a pro- 
perty. — Prov. 

pHERNf Qd&^ «• /• The handle of a 

cotton mill, a rod round which carded 
cotton is rolled. 

DHERlS" %3 8. m. See Dherd. 

DHEStJ %n 8. /. A kind of child's play, 

(used gen'erally in the plural) ; c. w. 

DHETA ^^3T a. (M.) Having a daugh- 

ter, belonging to a daughter, (corruption 
of dhi a daughter, and an affix etd coming 
from the Sanskrit affix et, meaning " to 
be provided with" or "to possess as oi^e's 
own. ") 

DHETH ^§5 ) 8, m., a. Forwardness, 

DHETHA tid' ) presumptuousness; 

pertness, impudence ; forward, presump- 
tuous, impudent, pert. 

DHEU$rA *$@3» 8. m. Old grain, 

old wheat : — ddtd kdl parakkhie, dheu^i 
Phaggaf^ mdnh ; ghar di ndr parakkkie je 
dAatt palle ndnh. Giver (i. «., one who 
g^ves alms) is tested in famine, old grain 
in Phaggam (February and March), 
and one's wife is tested when (he) has no 
money in his pocket, (t. e., is short of 

DHf ift ") f. /. A daughter ; (M.) 

DHf A xftWj the pupil of the eye:— 

dhi dhidtiij 8, f. Daughter and sister 
of one's family : — dhi putt, dhi putfar^ 
8. m. /. Son and daughter ; children: — 
dhid puttd, jmttar, s. m. /. Sons and 
daughters; children: — mai h&n akkhin 
di dhi kanun pidre. It is dearer to mo 
than the pupil of my eyes. 

DHiA PWT *• ''"'• Corrupted from the 

Sanskrit word Adhyde, A chapter (of a 
book), a section. 

DHf A ^rrfT s. m. A stick, a rod ; *. g. 

dhiAhan (VjWdi 

DHlAHNf ftfWO^ 

dhian ftmns 

*. /. A daugh- 
ter, a sister ; 


any female descendant of a daughter or 
sister ; (sometimes applied to the daugh- 
ter, (fee, of a son, brother or friend) ; ». q- 

DHIAN ftpMT^ «. m. Consideration, 

attention, contemplation, meditation, 
reflection, thought, advertency. See 


( 307 ) 



DHlAljrA ftpWS^ 8. m. The son or 

other male descendant of a daughter or 

DHIANANA f^WTJS^T r.a. To see, to 
observe, to give attention, to consider. 

DHlA5iff ftWP^ «. /. The same as 

Bhidkafi'; a daughter or sister of one's 
family, (the word is used by lirahminsy 
MirdHsy or any other to a daughter or 
sister of AJaJTndfi,) 

DHlANNf OmCn^ a., 8. m. Contem- 
plative, given to meditation ; a religious 
man given to Divine contemplation (used 
as giinni^ dhidnni.) 

D HI ATT A ftwrgr ^ a. Belonging to 

DHfATTA XfhHHT ) a bride, bridal, 
on the side of a bride. 

DHlAU ftjn^ 8. m. See Dhid. 

DHlAUlSrA ftlyMT§ST v. a. To re. 

member, to meditate on, to think on, 
to repeat (the name of God, or of a 

PHIBBA f^gi 8, m. (Pot.) A bullock ; 

a hill, a small elevation, a heap of sand; 
*. q- Dibbd, 

ach, bowels; the womb; pregnancy: — 
ihidd bharnd, v. n. To fill one's belly; 
to continue to live i—kkottdwi dhidd bhar 
'^indd hai. An ass even fills hid own 
stomach.— Pro V. used of extreme selSsh- 
^688 '.—dhidd boliad, gnr, gur kamd, v. n. 
io ramble (the stomach), to suffer from 
indigestion :--dAi'cW hojdud, hand, v. n. 
Ao be pregnant :--d;wcW karnd, v. a. To 
T'Jj^ child, to cause to be pregnant .— 
f^mndl, a. Tregn^nt :— dhidd ndl 
"l^^gjand, V. n. To be empty belly, to 
De hungry, to sink or bo depressed (the 
stomach for want of food) .—dhidd wichrh 
jamna, v. n. To store in one's belly ; 
^ keep to oneself (a secret) i—^hidd 

mchch wal paifkd, v. n. To ache (one's 
sides with laughter) : — wadde dhidd 
wdldy 8. m, lit, A person having a large 
belly; me/, a rich man, a man who holds 
some influence in society, or some posi- 
tion in the eye of Government : — rakkhe 
vH dhidd te ujdfe m dhidd. The belly 
keeps a man, and the belly ruins a 
man.--Prov ; t, q. Pet 

PHippAL (VsM a. Having a large 

DHIDD A^jT ftf^3 s. m. (M.) A weed 

found in rice fields supposed to be de- 

pmppf f^^ 8.f, A small belly; 

a bulge or elevation in the fore part of 
a turban : — dhiddi ddr, a. Having a 
bulge or elevation; counterfeit (money). 

DHfDO r!^ 8, m. The name of 

PHIG 1^01 prep. Near, by, with. 

DHIGAnA ftign^T s.m. Wrong, in- 
justice, oppression, force ; t. g, Dhagdt^d, 

DHIGAIJE ftjgn^ ad. Violently, 
forcibly, unjustly. 

PHIGARA (^dMdn s. m. The high 

PHIGG f^ I bank of a river; 

a high place, a crumbling precipice, a 
mountain, a hill, a piece of land to be 
thix)\vn by rush of water of a river, or 
by some other cause ; c. w. Dhaltiad. 

DHiGGf phAu^tA f^gft ^§3^ 
pHiGGf dhAhdenA f^gft ^ l o^cb i v 

pHIGGf pHAUNf f^gft ^t^ 
x\ a. To lose spirit or courage. 

pnfBA ^0' s. m. A stick, a rod; 



DHIHALlJ OjO*<§ « / (S:.) A small 
earthen pot, used to carry small presents 



< 308 ) 


of cord, ghi^ &c., which a man takes to a 
friend or a patron's house when he goes 
to visit him ; i. q. Hdndu 

dhihattA f^Kra^ «. Belonging to a 

bride ; i, q. Dhiatti, 

|)-lti» I *. m. Depi 
ftlHI@ ) reUance, 




c. w. iuiiid, der^d, 

DHUAU^rA fVjH'QS' ». «• To pursn. 

ade one to believe, to endeavour to pro- 
duce confidence ; to cause to believe. 

DHIJ^jrA filtT2? V. n. To hare con- 
fidence, to place reliance. 

pHIKA^T f^oTS V. n. (If.) To low 

softly (as a cow wanting her calf or her 
food) : — gdn dhikdi khari hai. The cow 
is standing and lowing (for her calf, or 

DHIKLKA ftrafT 8. m. (M,) See Dhakkd : 

— dhikke dhore, 5. m. Wandering about, 
blundering not to know how to do what 
one has undertaken. 

DHIKKAR fijoTO*. wt. A curse, 

dhikkAra?? (ITofldd /• 

dhikkArI ftfe 


dhikkAr^jtA fiTo^'dd ' ^' a. To 

reproach, to curse. 

DHILAK^irA f^Sren ^^ «. To be 
poured out, to spill ; to roll, to slip down, 
to hang down ; to be slackened, to be 
loosened ; i. q. Dhalaknid. 

DHILKAU^tA r^<M>o{lQ^I V. a. To 
pour out, to spill ; to roll, to slip down. 

DHILL \Xadf> *• /• Lateness, delay; 

laziness, inattention, looseness, remiss- 
ness : — dhill matthj s, /. Delay, lateness, 
tardiness, laziness ; c, to, hof^ij kami. 


4oOS wi. ) 

a. (joose, not 

DHILLA ^55^ m. 

DHILLA? f^9S? ^- y *ig^* 5 ^*^y» 

renuBS, in- 

attentive, late : — ^hilli. matfhi^ a. Lazy, 
remiss, slow. 

DHILLHON f^2^ 1 *. m. A division 
DHILLOliT f^^ 3 of JatB. 




». /. A lump of 
earth, a clod. 

DHfMA XftW m. 1 a. Patient, gentle, 

DHfMf T^ii^f' ) mild; slow, low:— 

dhime dhime, ad. Slowly and slowly, 
patiently, considerately :---dhimd karnd, 
V. a. To lessen, to moderate, to miti- 
gate, to soften. 

DHIM DHIMf fewfejft 8. m. A kind 
of tambourine. 


PHIMKA9A f^Mofgr 

1 «. m. 

3 Faldnd. 


DHf NDA ^fgr 8, m. A ball of earth 

put in a sling and shot to fly away 
birds from fields. 

DHfNG ift^ 

^fgr 3 la 

(Jlf.) A very 
large crane re- 

sembling birds which congregate in flocks 
during the cold season ; a species of 
heron ; i. q, Lamdhitig, 

DHING ftjgr 


wife, or paramour, a man who forces a 
woman to give in one who insists noleru 
volens upon his demand being complied 

4]'dl 3 tyranni 

A man who 
izes over his 


( 809 ) 



dhInoA shAhI 


Force, • violence, 
Forcibly, violently. 

compulsion ; — ad. 

A thom- 

bnsli, a 

bramble : — rih, utte dhingaH dunde jande 
chimbarL There is a bramble on the 
road that catches the comer and goer. — 
Riddle. Answer : A hukkd. 

pHiNGGAR f^gra 


8. m. ^ 

A small 

a bramble ; a kind of musbroom cooked 
and eaten with bread ; surety ; calamity, 

Old^ ) buckei 

A well- 
bucket attached 

DHtNGULf f§(msS{ 
pHfNGALf ^ 

to a pole which works on the lever 
principle ; a mode of cutting clotb 
rectilinearly by which one-third is taken 
from the length and added to the 

DHINNAIJ ft^AA *. w. The name 
of an inferior kind of rice. 

BHf NWAN Xfte^ #. m. The same 
as Dhe^wdn. 

DHIR ftrar*. /. Partiality, protec- 
tion, defence, help ; party : — dhir dhir 
^ de^d, V. n. To be indebted to every 
party or to every individual, (i. e., to 
inany persons.) 

^MR XI|3 *. /. Drawing, pulling : — 
dhir ghasit, 8. /. Pulling and dragging ; 

^HIR Tjtg 8, m, A sub-division of 
the KhatrU. 

1 '. /. 
) froi 

from the Sanskrit 

dhIr Tflg 
dhIraj iftgH 

word Dhirya, Patience, sedateness, gravi- 
ty, firmness, deliberateness, slowness, 
gentleness : — -dhiraj hannhf^dy v. a. To set 
one's heart at ease, to silence, to satisfy 
one self: — dhiraj mdfkj a. Patient^ 
sedate, grave, deliberate, not hasty, slow, 
genilei—dhirajtd dhlrajtdl, 8. f. Ther 
same as dhiraj. 

DhIrA iftgT "> a. Patient, 

DHlRAjf Ijldtfl •) grave, firm, de- 
liberate, not hasty, gentle, slow,, hesitat- 
ing, stopping ; c. w. hoQid, 

PHIRAK feUof 8. m. A violent purg- 
ing : — dhirak nikal jSi^d^ mkali^i^ v, a. 
To have a violent purging; vtet, to be 
afraid, to be cowardly* 

DHf RE Xf|§ ad. Slowly, violently, pa- 
tiently, firmly, deliberately. 

DHf Rf Tfl^ 8. /. The pupil of the 

DHIRIG (ll(cJdl)a. Cursed, worth- 
DHIRIGH ftlfeni ) less ; t. q. Dharigg. 

DHf^lNA 1^3^ V. a. To pull, to 

draw, to drag, to trail: — dhifnd, ghasiif^df 
V. a. To pull and drag ; i. q, DhUhf^d. 

DHIRWAf ftrSrer^ B. f. Pulling, 
dragging ; hire for palling, drawing or 

DHIRWAS Pra^TH 8.m. See D^r- 

DHIRWAU^A (l<^^>Qcb! t7. a. To. 
cause to be pulled or dragged, 

DHITH f^ 8, f. Firmness of 

mind : — dhith hannhni. v. n. To be 
encouraged, to be resolute. 


( 310 ) 


pnf T H ^^te ) a. Obstinate, forward, 

pHf THA ^61 ) impudent, presump- 
tuous, pert; shameless: — ^kithwdl^ dhifh- 
wain, 8, f. Forwardness, impudence, 

DHITH Af feS^ s. f. Forwardness, 
impudence, petulance, presumption. 

DHITKAR ftl3onUi>. m. SoeDhak' 
kdr, Dhikkdr, 

DHIIHirA ftlf^ a. Giving milk (an 
animal) ; properly Dhe^wdn. 

pHlWA fe^ *. m. Pretext, pre- 
tence : — ihiwi dhamd, «. a. To make 

DHO *^ «. m, A washing : — dhopaii^, 
V. n. To be washed. 

DHO ^ 8, m. Circumstance, event, 

case, incident; opportunity, chance, 
accident ; lot ; the handle of a large 
wooden rake (ja«dr<f) ; an imperative of 
r. a. Dhot^d : — dho dend, v. a. To bring 
near, to bring -.--dlio dhukkfid, v, n. To 
be favourable (opportunity), to occur, 
to cliance. Also see Dhoh. 

DHOA ^y)P 8. m. Fruits and flowers 

presented by inferiors to superiors on 
festival days. 

DHOBA T^ ) 8. m. 
DHOBf TOt^ ) inan. 

A washer- 


8. f, A washer- woman. 

DHOpA ^W ) «• w- A kind of shell 

pA ^W) 
dhA t^i 

DHODHA ^^) used by boys in play; 

a bread otjowdr or hdjrd\ a small dahd, 
idjid; calumny, false imputation, ac- 
cusation; in the latter sense; c, w, 
patthf^d, thapptid. 

DHOH qU «• ^- Fraud, cheat, de- 
ceit ; c.w. kamd ; i, q» Dharoh, Bhokklid. 

pHOH ^Zi 8. m.f. A support, rest; 

approach ; an appointment for two 
litigants to meet at a certain ploce to 
have their dispute adjudicated upon :— 
dhoh jdndy v. n. To go to the place 
appointed for two litigants to have their 
dispute adjudicated upon :—dhoh fdnud, 
V, n. To have support (of a wall or 
anything), to rest. 

DHOHA VsP 8. m. 1 

^ , - . I A deceiver, a 
DHOHA^? HUS ,. /. j- „heat. 

DHOHf "^ «. /. 

DHOHA^ir 'gUS ». a. (if.) To carry, 

to remove* Prssent participle : dhu- 
hfindd: Future \ dhtihesdn: Past participle: 
dhopidi dhoyd ; i. q. Dhofkd, 

pHOH^rA ^Oc£T t?. a. To bring near, 
to cause to approach ; to shut (the door.) 

DHOI ^8l 8. /. Approach, entrance, 

admittance, access ; interference, intru- 
sion; c. to, milm. 

DHOf 'mi\ a. Washed, washed oil :— 

dhoi ddl, 8. /. Pulse with the husk 
washed off. 

DHOKHAl^rA *9vfST V. n. See Dhaun- 

DHOKKHA "q^f! 8. m. Fraud, cheat, 

deceit, deception, make-believe, delusion; 
false colour or appearance : — dkokkhe h^Ji 
8, m. A deceiver : — dJiokkhe bdii, s. J- 
Fraud, imposture : — dhnkkhd dt iia, v. a. 
To chevd i-'dhokkhd Jiond, v. a. To be 
deceived, to be djiudod : — dhnkkhe wichch 
ra\fchnd, r. a. To feed with false hopi'S 
or promises : — dliokkhd khdfid, v. n. To be 
misled, to be seduced, to be deceived by 
appearance ; to miss one's footing, to slip. 

DHOL "qjS s. m. (K.) A term applied 

to a turn of the whole water of ktf? 
(stream) :— J/w/ dend,. v. a. To divert 
a stream into another channel. 


( 311 ) 


pHOL ^^(^ s. m. A di'um ; the nprip^ht 

cog^vheel of a Persian well ; a beloved (in 
the last sense used in poetn) ; incli- 
nation, slope : — dJiol dhdly dhol dhamakkdj 
s. m. Beating a dram or other mnsical 
instrument : — d}u)l wajdu^dj t\ a. To 
pi ay on the drum. 

pHOLAK Uihii 1 

DHOLAKf ^oft j^dr^m.*^* ^ "^""^^ 

DHOLKf #55of|J 

DHOLA^ iSih<t «• /• A beloved (poetic); 
a druninier. 

DHOLANA ^g25ST t'. n. To incline, or 

draw (towards one) ; — s. m. A gold or 
silver instmment worn by women in 
neck ; i. q. Dhohad. 

" 8. m. A drummer. 


DHOLfA #5^ 
pHOLKf tocfl 

pHOLf ^2oi *• /• ^ gii^^i a drummer. 


PHOLLA ^TSfT 9. m. A beloved (used 

it) poetry) ; the name of a famous lover ; 
a boy. 


V. a. 

See DhoUaad. 

BHOMAU^IA "^JTS^T v. a. To proclaim, 

to cause a rumour to spread ; i. q. Dhu- 

DHON IJ^ 8. m. Water that has been 

^ed, water in which any thing is 
Washed ; a mean, worthless fellow. 

DHON ^ 8. m, (if.) A shed or stall 
for bullocks. 

PHONA ^^ 17. a. To carry (a burden) ; 

to remove, to transport; to cause to 
approach, to make go near ; to diut (the 

DHONA TJiS^ V, n. Corrupted from th© 

Sanskrit word Dhduan, To wash, to 
clean, to cleanse, to wash out, to efface. 

DHOND TT^ 8. m. (X.) A big wood 
■ pigeon. 

pHONG ^ dl '• '"*• Mimicry, disguise, 
counterfeit dress, deception. 

pHONGf ^^ 8. m. A mimiq, a play 

DHONITAR iJfcSdd «. m. (K.) Bhohi's 
ghdff a place for washing clothes. 

DHOPA^jT i^lf£ V. n. (3f.) To be 

DHOPPA ^Tfl 8. m. Fraud, deception, 

trick : — dhoppe hdi\ 8. m. A deceiver, a 
cheat: — dhoppe hdji, 8, /. Fraudulency, 
trick : — dhoppd defidj v. n. To deceive : — 
dhoppd khdWf v, n. To be deceived ; t. g. 


DHOR ^ 8, m. Dust. 

DHO9 XIST 1 *• w. Roughness ; a ridge 
_ „ r i^i. i ^^ elevated land, a rough 
IJHOSAqfJi) and high earth; a curse :— 

dhakke dhofe^ 8, m. See it in Dhakkd. 

8. m. 

Corruption of the 

Sanskrit word Dhuray. A oattle; a 
foolish or stupid person ; — (Af.) A 
depression in the ground that fills 
with water in the rainy season. 

DHGRA '^^ 8. m. (M.) The man who 

feeds a sugar-cane press with fresh canes* 
(datthd,) gets one blanket and a pair of 
shoes ; a depression in the ground that 
fills with water in the rainy season. 

DHORA ^d* 1 8, m. An insect that in- 

^ ^r\ r ^ests grain, a weevil ; — 

DHORI Igdl 3 (M.) A depression in the 

ground that fills with water in the rainy 


( 312 ) 


DHORE Mo P^^' 'Sesjc (used in and 
about Kaithal.) 

DHORI XJ3T 1 «• wi. An ox ; ♦. g, 

dhoryA iJdMO P^^- 

DHORMA ^^J-P 8. m. A rupee, aome- 
times also a pice. 

BHOTAR l}^d »• /• ^ very thin 
coarse kind of cotton cloth. 

DHOTTf ^^ 8. /. A cloth worn by 

Hindus round the waist between the 
legs and fastened behind : — dhoiti parshdd, 
8, m. lit. One who wears a dhottij {con- 
tempttiously) a shopkeeper especially 
a hanyd who knows only of his business 
and is a miser ; also spoken in some parts 
of the Province of men who lack courage. 

DHOWAR q^ld ». w. {K) Rice land 

in which wheat sown to be followed by 

DHOYArI XJIHT^ 8, w. (M.) A share 

paid to the man who watches the reapers, 
it amounts to one-eleventh of the produce. 

DHt^ XT 8. m. The same as DliaHih. 

pHtJA ^5W *• wi. The buttock, the anus ; 

the back : — dhad khard karnd^ v. n. To 
try utmost ; t. g. Bund, Chittaf^ Chuitaf, 


DHUAhAN g>MTUT ,. m. Soot. See 

DHUAf TWT^ 8. f. Washing, the price 
of washing. 

pHUAf ^>>P^ 8. /. Carrying or con- 

veying a burden; compensation for the 

DHtJ An 'VW 8. m. Smoke ; an ignit- 
ed pile of chaff and rubbish around 
which people warm themselves in cold 
weather: — -dhiidn Iduf^d, pduiad, v. a. n. 
lit. To collect an ignited pile of chafiE 

and rubbish; to sit obstinately before 
one's door to extort a favour or right : — 
dhUdn laggrkdj v, n. To feel (smoke), 
i, e., trouble from smoke; to soot. 

DHUAlSIKH^rA gmKfST t?. a. To form 
soot ; to smoke. 

DHTJANS "gWTT*./, The flour of the 
washed pulse of Tndnh. 

DHTJATJ^TA ^gW^S^ V. a. To c&nse 
to be washed, to cause to have washed. 

DHUAUT "gW^ #./. Washing, 
style of washing. 

DHTJBBALf "3^5?! 8,f. Bunches of 

com or grass standing rank and thick ; 
any loose garment for covering the legs ; ; 
(properly DhabhaU.) 

DHUCHCHAR ^tJd «• w. Opposition; 

altercation, argument ; dodge, subter- 
fuge, trick ; c. w, Ddhufid. 

DHUDDAL "g^JJ I f. /. Hot dust, 
DHUDDAR ig^g ) ashes. 

DHUDH ^|«. w. Butting, knock- 

pHUp ^0 ) ing against, striking 

a blow ; c. to. mdmi, 

DHl5 J)W6 IJXf *. w. The sound of a 
conch or horn ; c, w, kamd. 

DHl^Df ^g^t 8. m. A small tree 

{Ficus caricorde8.) Its fruit is eaten by 

DHUH <jvl 8. m, A severe pain in tbe 

belly; an imperative of v, n. DMh^d:— 
dhUh gTutstfj 8. /. Pulling and hauling; 
arresting and bringing to atrial. 

PHTJhA ^UT "I s. /. The buttock, 
pHl^Hf ^^ I the anus ; the back. 
pntff §;rf^ J See Bund. 


( 313 ) 


DHiJhB JA^A yOt< ' A ' V' »• To be 

dragged ; to be very hungry {kcUejd) ; to 
feel sensation in the stomach (either on 
account of hunger or any disease.) 

DHIJhsA IJOil V, a. To puU ; to drag 
ont ; to draw ; to cram, to stuff. 

DHtJf IJjT ^^ #./. A small pile of burn- 
ing wood, chaff, &c., around which 
Muhammadans sit while they listen to 
the praises of Pir Sayad Ahmad, See 

DHU JJ ^?q *. m. A heap. 

DHUKA ^ofT I 9, m. Arrival, 

nprmrilTT "mm^ (approach (especially 
DHUKAU ^oHH 3 arrival of a bride- 
groom's party in the city or village of a 
bride's father with great pomp.) 

pHUKAN ^oTS t?. n. (M.) To arrive; 

to be procurable, to be got. Present 
participle: ^hukkd^ dhukdd\ Future: fhuk- 
sdi^ ; pcut participle : ^hukkid : — mdl 
ihukkd hat. The cattle have come home : 
— b4he ^hukki janj te sio hufi de kann. 
The bridegroom's party has arrived 
at the door, and (the bride's party are 
saying) bore the bride's ear! (t. e., they 
are not ready). — Prov. tised of those 
who are lazy and do work at the 
eleventh hour: — hik dhukkdi nahin te 

* • 

main du pamisdn. One (wife) can't be 
got and (he says) *I will marry two'! — 
Prov. used of those who brag of their 

PHUKAUSA go^ l Q<^l V. a. To cause 
to arrive or approach. 

DHUK DHUKA jjotjJo< ' *. m. Dan- 

ger, anxiety, apprehension, perturbation, 
reflection, consid citation ; a slight pain 
or uneasiness about the heart. 

DHUK DHUKf ljo(j4ofl s. /. An oma- 
ment worn by women on the breast. 

DHIJKH XHf 8. /. An imperative of 

V. n. Dhukh^d. Ignition, kindling ; 
beginning to bum : — da^g dhukh paif^i, 
V, n. To hear some trace of stolen pro- 
perty or cattle : — dhukh ufthf^ij v. a. To 
begin to bum; to have the sensation in 
the feet, or other parts of the body, 
caused by being benn robed from pres- 
sure; also see doss dhukh paif^i. 

DHUKH Tp^ 8. /• A burning sensation, 

^ glow caused by a temporary cessation 
in the circulation of the blood; c. w, 

DHt^KHA? '^k(^ '. /. Water in 
which pulse has been cooked. 

DH[JKHAUi?A "gvnfS^ t;. a. To 

kindle, to cause to burn. 

DHUKH DHUKHA "g^fW #. m. 
Anxiety ; i. q, Dhukdhukd. 

DHUKH DHUKHf XI\fg>:ft s. f. A 
kind of disease; also see Lhnk dhuki, 

DHUKHijA ^WST V, n. To ignite, to 

begin to take fire ; to have a burning 
sensation in the feet or other parts of 
the body ; to be tired, or benumbed (of 
any part of the body) ; to exhibit signs 
of enmity or ill-feeling between two 


DHUKKiirA ^sra? 


(bridegroom's party); to come home 
(cattle from pasture); to come (an ox or 
male buffalo) near yoke, or about it- i"* 
yoked; to be procurable, to \^v jrot •- '/- . 
dhukkod^ V. n. To be favoui:u»" , ( 
tunity), to occur, to chance. 

DHULAf "gw^ ' / ' 

wages for washing. 

DHULAf ^i6"ift *• / 

for carrying or convev'»-c 

V. n. 

to arrive 


V. n. 

DHULAK^A ^jJ!)o<d' 

inclined, to roll, to roll down ; to li 
to become old ; i. q. Dhilalnd. 


( I 



( 3U ) 


. - T I fc. 

DHULAI^ M^'2 CI- ^^ ^eed of washing, 
fit io be washed. 

DHtriiAUtirA "gwOi" v. a. To cause 
,to be washed. , ; 

PHULAU^JA ^ttlQil V. o. , To 
canse to carry or convey (a bnrden) ; 
to cause to be inclined (the heart.) 

DHULAUT UWQ<L \ »• /. Manner 

DHULAWAX 5^1^^) or style of 
washing, .washing. 

DHULDHULf "gSSTQW^ «• /• Shaking, 
nhiyering, springing, the motion of a 
foetusdn tb&womb. . 

PHULKATUJA ^§9Soft§^ V. a. To 

loU down, to roll (a stone); to make lie 
down ; to kill. 

f. A person of indecision . of character, 
a fickle-minded person. 

PHULNA §A^ v. n. To incline, to 
attend to. 

pHULWAf §M<>^«./- Carrying or 

conveying (a burden) ; carrying grain 
home (from field) ; .compensation for the 
same; t. q, Dhudi. 

DHULWAf gSS^T^ s.f. Washing, 
pay for washing. 

DHULWAUglA Ijtf ^iQA ' t'- a. To 
cause to be washed. 

PHULWAU^A ^tt^^ ' QA ' ^ «. To 

cause to carry or convey a burden; to 
canse (a buixien) to be carried or con- 

DHt?M 5W «• ^' Corrupted from the 

Sanskrit word TumuL Noise, clamour, 
tumult, bustle; repoi-t; rumour; fame: — 
dhum dhdniy s.f. Pomp, parade; noise. 


bustle, tumult : — dkA*n dhdmf ItmniU 
7nach4^itii, v. a. To make a noise, to cry 
aloud; to resound with songs of mirth 
and revelry: — dMm dhdm machfii^ r. n. 
To be noised abroad, to resound ; to be 
famous, noted, notorious. 

DHtjMl XTHl *• w. A noisy, boiBterous 
man; one who makes a tumult. 

DHUMM TJJf 8. f. Tumult, noise, 

bustle; rumour, fame; c w» pav^i^ 
vuichfki' See Dh4m, 

DHUN g^ I if. /. ^ Corrupted 

DHUN TIJ5 ) from the Sfi-nskrit word 

Dhuni. Thought, intenticm, ^ inclina- 
tion, any absprbing thought j air, tune : — 
dhuti dhufkh 9, /. A musical instru- 
ment made of wires ; t. q. Tuo^uQi. 

DHulJ^ "2 «. w. Corruption of the 

Sanskrit word Dh4m. Smoke: — dh4n 
dhUn^ 8, m. The sound of a conch or 
horn. See Dh^dt^. 

pHtJ^iT ^ 8. /. Breaking wind. 



V, n. See Dh4hfid. 


DBJJJSAKR^k ^TS^ifST I V. a. To 
DHU^jTAKlSrA "gSoTcP ) bow cotton. 

DHUND life *. /. A mist, a fog, hazi- 
ness, obscunty ; fine dust ; a disorder of 
the eyes, dim-sightedness ; c. w. hotki, 


DHtJ^jip ^3 8. /. Search, seeking, 

investigation, pursuit: — dihund fhdndi^ s.f- 
Search, seeking, a thorough search ; c. w. 

pHD^pAf ^^1^ *./. Seeking, search- 
ing ; pay for the same. 

pHt^NDANT ^#H a- One that seeks. 

PHUNDAR ^?3 8. /. The backbone, 
the loins ; i. q. Kand. 


( 81« ) 



DHUNTDARf ^Sf^t «• /• The back- 
bone, prolapsus ant. 

pHUNpAtt ^^§ 1 8. m. A 

pHUNpAULA 4?T§9^ 3 seeker, a 


pHmiipAiryA ^3^©^ ». a. To cause 
to be searched or sought.* 

DH t^Np a ^^ 8. /. See Dk4ni. 

1 a.m. 


pHtJ^pHJirA- S^5^ 7 ^•*- To seek, 

pHt5NpjB[A ^32^ 3 to search, to 
look for. 

DHU^DLA tJ^J?! a. Foggy, misty, 
dim, dull. 

dhundukAr ilteonu 

a heavy mist, a thick haze. 

PHUNQANA #gnST s. m. (Jf.) A 

fish of the siluridae family (Pseudotropi- 

us garua.) It is insipid eating. 


PHUNGAR ^gpg I 5. m. Smoking 

DHUNGAR '"^giTg 3 a milk vessel 

with the fumes of ghee i—dhungdr de^d^ 
idtifidy v.. a. To smoke, a milk vessel. 

PHUNGARNA ^gngST ) v. n. To 

DHUNGARNA 5gTTg<S^ 3 sraoke a 
milk vessel withthe fumes of ghee. 

DUtlSi "g^ 8. f. A small ignited pile 

ot chafF ; (t. q. DhUdn) ; a method of 
exorcising demobs and^ evil spirits, 
and removing the influence of an evil 
eye or securing one .against the influence 
of witchcraft, by burning aromatic sub- 
stances : — dhiUf^i detkij v. a. To exorcise: — 
dhui(ii dhukhdui^, milgdHfii, v. a. To 
Kindle a fire : — dhui^i IdwQi^ v. a. To 
make a fire and sit by it in order to 
extort a favour. 

DHUtiTKHAf "g^Vn^ s. /. Carding, 
i bowing ; price of carding. 

cause cotton to be bowed. 

DHU^KHf TJSk^ ) .. f. The in- 

DHU^JKf XJifift ) Btrument with 
which cotton is bowbd. 

3 stru 

• i <' 


DHUNN Jf^ I 8. m. An enlarged or 
DHUNN . ^ J5 3 protruded navel. 

PHUNNA^ilf ^cSctl »• /• The back- 
bone ; i. j. Dhun^ri, 

. • > - .' • 


DHUNNf fj^r-^- "^^ "''"''• 

biH^NNtJ "gS »• »»• The tree (Ficea 

WehUana) is abundant in many parts of 
the Panjab Himalaya, frequently form- 
ing dense forests at or near the highest 
belt of arboreous vegetation up to the 
Indus. The fibres of the trunk are often 
twisted, and the wood is white, soft, coarse- 
grained, and rots' readily when there is 
much moisture, so that this is one of the 
least valued of llimalayan conifers. 
Even, on the Bias, howevpr, it is said 
to lapt as shingles for two or three, and 
under cover for five, or six years. And 
in Murree, where the rairi-fall is smaller 
than in the east' rtnd where there is a 
dearth oi the better timbers, this is fre- 
quently used for shingles and indoor work 
even in European buildings, and is found 
to last fairly well. In parts of the 
Jheluiti basin the twigs and leaves are 
much used as fodder. 

DHUNPAINA IRS^?? v. n. {M.) To 

grow black. 

DHt^NtJ ITS 8. m. The tree (Tpoum 

haccata) ojcura in many parts of the 
Panjab H imalay a up to the Indus. 

DHU5?yAn XfSTfT 8. m. A cotton 
carder ; i. q. Penjd. 


( 316 ) 


DHtSr TJlf 8. /. Incense; a plant (Dch 

lomiasa macrocephala, Juniperus communis) 
which is not uncommon from the Sutlej 
np to the Indus, often growing on the 
crests of ridges. The odorous root is 
locally used as incense offered at shrines 
«nd to Rajas, and the flowers also are 
placed in temples on the Sutlej. The 
lomised root is likewise applied to erup* 
tions, and a decoction of it is taken in 
colic, Ac., and some part of the plant is 
msed medicinally. The root is from 
many places exported to the plains, some- 
times after being pounded and made up 
into cakes with its own juice. It is 
t)fficinal in the Panjab plains. It is con- 
sidered cordial, and given in puerperal 
fever: — dh4tp denkd^ v, a. To bum in- 

DHUPlA^jf "gflpW^ <»• (^0 Hot:— 

^ddM dhupp dhupidfki^ tcdU kardi par^i 
pd^L The sun has become so hot, that 
the cultivation cries for water, 

DHtJPNA XP-R? ^' ^ To perfume, to 
saturate with the fumes of burning 

DHUPP TIV *. /. The sun, sunshine, 

sunlight, heat of the sun : — dhupp chhdn, 
s.f, lit. Light and shade; shot silk, 
a kind of glittenng cloth of two kinds of 
coloured silk threads : — dhupp chafUjafiit 
V. a. To rise (the sun), to be broad day- 
light: — dhupp paif^i, V. n. To be sunny: — 
dhnppe rakkhtii, v, n. To put in the sun ; 
to dry. 

DHUR Xra 8, m. Extremity, end; be- 

ginning,"*origin ; an axletree, axis; — a. 
Exact:— oci. All the way, throughout:— 
dhur dargdh, 8, f. lit The very court, the 
very presence ; the very presence of king 
or dod: — dhur dargdh di m4r waggfki^ v, n. 
To be cursed by God : — dhur jand, v, n. 
To go to the very place appointed, to 
arrive at the limits :— ^'o dhd diwdnd dhur 
dd. For he was mad from the begin- 
ning. — Story of SaifaL 

DHtJ? "US s.f. D^st. anything pulve- 
rized :—cAarao dh4r,8,f. The dust of 

feet (spoken of the dust of any saint's 
ieet):—-dh4f kot^ s, m. An outer wall or 
rampart of a city thrown up for de- 
fence: — kHf dem4nh dh4f! lit May dust 
be in the mouth of lie, t.6.y may duBt be 
in my mouth if I lie ! — Imprecation. 

DHtJR ira «• /• W Thick mist or 

DHURA U^I 8, /. An axis, an axletree. 
DHtJRA VW 8. w. See DhUdi, 

DHt^^A 5^ *• ^* '^^^ ^"® ^^^* ^^ 
anything pulverized, the flour in which 
a lump of dough is rolled preparatory 
to baking ; a red sort of powder applied 
by females to their lips to give them 
a red colour. 

DHURAf Xrar^ 8, f. (M.) A fee 

paid for fixing the shaft of the plough 
in the boot to the carpenter. 

DHU^AKlirA gHoTST 5./. Doubt, 

suspense, distraction of mind, hesitation, 
palpitation; — v. n. To palpitate, to qui- 
ver, to be in doubt and suspense, to be 
perplexed, to hesitate ; t. q. Dhafakad. 

DHUREL M^'SS «• /• See Dharel 

DHURf XTat »• /• -Aji axis, an axle- 

DHtJRf *g^ 8, wi. A small ash- 
coloured bird with a long tail. 

DHU^KA "5Sfor' «. w. I Suspense, dis- 

DHU^Kf "g^oft «. /. ) traction of 

mind, apprehension, alarm ; «. g. Dhafkdf 

DHU5Kt?f I[3or^ «. /. See DfcofM. 

DHURK??! ^ddtdH '• /• Viol en* 
purging; c. w. wctgn^t^ chdh^i^ ehhwfpai. 

DHU^KlJ lj«jrf 8. m. See Dhafkd. 

DHURLf mARNI TJdd^ira^ v- »• 

To shake, to movef (the foetus in the 


( 817 ) 


womb) ; to leap, to jump, to ran yio- 

DHTJBNA "^3^ 8. m. See Dhurd. 
DHdBOH 44^0 9. m. See Dharoh. 

DHUROHf g^dt «• /. A deceiver; 
i\ g. DharohL 

DHIJROl^ '^^ad. From the beginning ; 
from the very place or time. 

DHURRE IJdd «. wi. pZ. See Dhajji. 

DHURPAD gcT^re ) «• ?». corrupted 
DHURPAT TiaU3 ) from the San- 

skrit word Dhuvpad. A kind of Hindu 
poetrj or song. It has in each verse 32 
nhort syllables with pause and rhyme 
at the 8th, 16th, and 24th. 

DHUSAlH?A IJH i Q^I V. n. To thrust 
in. See Dhasdun^d^ 

DHtJs^jA "JflSF «. a. To cram, to 

stuff; to run forward as a ram when 
about to butt. 

DHTJSS Zfjl 1 8. f. Rushing head fore- 

DHuS ^J\ ) most : — dhuss mdmi^ v, n. 

To rush head foremost, to push with the 
head or snout, to butt. 

DHUSSA ^HT 8. m. A kind of fine 
stuff made of shawl wool. 

DHUSSA? '^nW 9. /. Coarae cotton 
cloth of iireg^ular texture. 

t^HU-pA -^ a., 8. m. (if.) Morally 

had; a wretch:—-^ nd jdne dhuft^ te 
fthaiikdn kan4is^ rufhL The wretch Imows 
iiot how to give, and quarrels with her 
partners, (for not contributing their 
share).— Prov. 

^Ht^Tyf ydl^l 9.f. {M.) Violent 
purging, diarrhoea ; ». g. BhUkfki. 

pHUfT ^% *./. The hump on the 
backs of certain cattle. 

DH6ttA ^H'a. Fat, (like a buffalo) ; 

met. Stupid, foolish, void of sense ;-~ 
8. m. A male buffalo. 

DHTJtTJ ^ 8. m. A trumpet 

Dl ^ prep, (sign of gen. fern, from 
Dd) Of. 

Df A ^^\nV 8. m. A lamp :— <«il eiUU, 
8* /. A match ; t. q, Biwd. 

I>IAL ftfyM^S? a. See Daydl 

DlAlJT few) iwep. (, 
BiA^ ^tWj from Dd). Of, 

DIAR feW9 9. m. The name of a 

tree (Oedrue deodara)^ which grows in 
many parts of the Panjab Himalaya. 
Its timber is strong, sufficiently elastici 
and not too heavy, and, on the whole, 
may be reckoned one of the best coni- 
ferous timbers in the world. In the 
Panjab the boats in use are mostly built 
of it. From the wood, often that of the 
roots, is extracted by a process of des- 
tructiye distillation, an oil, which is 
dark-coloured and thickish, with an 
empyreumatic odour, and resembles 
crude turpentine in some respects; t. q, 

DIB feg 

DIBBH feg 

This species (Typha" 

angusttfolia) is com- 
mon in marshes in most parts of the 
Panjab plains. The roots are eaten in 
Kashmir and on the Sutlej. The lower 
succulent part of the stem is used for 
clearing the water of the swollen river, 
which it does speedily and effectually. 
The stems are used in making sieves in 
Kashmir. The leaves are in many parts 
used for roofs of houses ; in Kashmir 
the thatch of the boats is constructed of 
them, and in the central and eastern 
Panjab and KulM floor and other mats 
are generally made of them. In some 


( 318 ) 


places also they are made into boat- 

^ ropes.- In Peshawar, and elsewhere, the 

down of the ripe fruit is nsed to bind 

mortar for wall-plaster ;, also the .same 

' as Dob, Dabhh» . 'I 

PIBBA y^rSP I ». m. The same as 
DIBBA ^Sp 3 Dahhd. 
piBBf f^^ ) «• /• i^L small round 
ipiBfTA' (^|f|li|l) wooden or metallic 

box for keeping ornaments, gems or 
opium; i. 9* .J)ahhd ;'r^8, m* \Pot,) A 
wide mouthed metallic pot, a large 
mouthed open metallic pot made of cop- 

Jer; in the l^t sense; t. ^, PaHld.r-^ 
ihbipuri, s. w. A lazy family, the 
wandering fellows. 

piBpiBf faijP^^ ». Jf- A kind _o£ 
a small tambourine. 

pip feS '-^Z- ^ femalfe frpg;». q. J?o44< 
Used also as a term of great endearment 
^towards children by their parents. 

pf b' ^.ti, 8* m. ..Seeing;— ^i Mi» ^- ^• 
*' A ^eer, one that sees,. a^ beholder; . one 

that lodks at women with an evil eye, 
' oile - who ogles i-^did- hdjii «. /. Seeing, 

beholding, sight-seeing, looking at 
• women- with> an evil eye; feasting one's 

eyes ; ogling:— dWiifjt Khudd raji. The 

pleasut^s of the eye with, the approval 

of Gdd*. — ^*ro▼. used by those who are in 
' the habit -of ogling in order -to show that 

the ogling is an innocent pleasure, hence 

they do not commit sin. 

¥ T 


) 8. m. Sight, appear- 
) ance, aspect, visit. 

didAr fetf'd 
dIdAr 5^^t3 

interview; the sight of one's beloved : — 
diddr defkdr v, a. To show one]s self, to 
granjt-an interview, to show his or her 
'face -(by one's beloved) :-r<ij^<^^ laif^d, 
V. .a. To get a sights to see, to obtain an 

' interview, to see the face of the beloved : 
'^jjal diddr, «. m. lit Brigh^^ppear- 
ance, <used in addressing letters in Gur- 

» nmkhi to respectable persons.) 

DIDAlif fetf ' ^ a. Corrupted from 
the Persian word DiddH, Good-looking, 

handsome, wortliy t^ b^ seen, beautiful, 
conspicuous, comely. 

Df DDA ^f%t 9. m. Oorrupted from 

the Persian word IHdah, The eye (nsed 
in the plural IHdde,) 

DjIDD ANf ^%?^ 8. vh \ ^ery. spi- 
nous plant {Astragalus muUt^eps) with 
yellow flowers, somewhat resembling 
gorse. It grows Trans-Indus and in the 
Salt ' Range. *^ It is ^t times 'Oeaten by 
cattle, and in the Salt Range, the calyces, 
which have a sweetish pleasant taste, 
are eaten ; on, the Chahab the seeda are 
given for colic. It is used also for 
leprosy. . . ^ 

DIDH fepH «.Vm, (3f.J One and a 

half: — dt^^ pd dttd chuhdre rasoL A 
' ^quarter and a half of a quarter of a seer 
of flour, and* he is going to feast the 
neighbotlrhood. — PiV)'^. need of u miser ; 
t. q. De^h.'i ;•;...... »> • 

DIDRIAN fetjRl^H^^j/. K\A:large, 
straggling, prickly climber {Qaascdpinia 
sepiaYta) with fine yellow flowers, 

. which, gixjws wild, in * the •, outer ^ Panjab 
Himalaya. In * Chaniba' the bruised 
leaves are applied to^bums.- 

DIDRIAR fe^fenra *. wi.^ ^ A very 
prickly shrub - of some •, siae, {Mivwsa 
ruhicaulis) which grows in the outer liilis 
up to near the Indus, and is at times 
found on the b^uks of rive^^ or canals, 
some way into the plains. Jn Qhamba 
the bruised leaves are applied to burns, 
and the fruit appears to be officinal. 

DIG fe^ 8. f. The eye ; t. q. JHrag. 

Df GAR ^tgra «'. f/' ^»*- Another, 

other .--—(iigrar di nimdjr «• /•' ' The 
Muhammadan afternoon prayer between 
4-dO,' and BUnAet* — digar ttfUj s. w. The 
time for performing the lUnufj digar, 

DIGAU^JA f^dnQd' P' «• To cause 
to fall, te throw down; to overturn, to 

DIGGA l^gn 8. m, (M.) A walking 


( 319 ) 


• • • , 

piQGSrA , . t^BRP I V. n. .To fall, 

PIGGPAT^A J^%t55?) tq drop; to 

lie on the haak m -^reatHng; to be re- 
dnced or degraded; .to fall in battle ; to be 
affected with aiiy disease :; — d^^Hef ^haih- 
«i, V. n. To stumble and fall. ' 

DIH (tjij An ijnper. of v, d. Dend. 
Give; — '8. /. Th^ body ; i.q. Deh! 

DIHAL fciiWi ''• /• Sweetmeat, and 
moQe J giv^n .to Brahjnins at weddings 
. and ottJier. joyful occafiiion^. 

piHAli^fA feUSJSTi;. n. The flow 
of pus (pux^a.lent matter) from the' ear ; 

I>IHA?A fVf 0*?<' I »• «»• A day:— 

DIE AM fkU^X bOU de ghar kdj, 

ch4he ra^nd nuso; Jcoi ^ihdrd hacho^ td 
parei^paren nctchcho. There is a wedding 
in the ^cat*8 bouse, oh mice ! don't be 
fascinated; if you would escape for a 
single day, then dance at a distance. — 
Prov. , ' 

DIHAsI fed'jfl ) s, m., a. A day; 

piHA^tf f^lT^ ) daily labour, waged; 

DIHRA (VfOd* \ B. m. A temple ; a 

pIHRA fcfOd' ) QuH'a * seat or tomb 
(der(f), a sabred monument ; a shrine; i:q. 

TAk 9|oC«- /• Drinking without taking 
breath ; c. w. Idufki- 


pIKANt^ f^o{t^ 8, m. The fruit of the 
Dek tree. 

PIKPOLLA feoT^TfS^ *. wt. Motion 

or sh 

or shaking (as a gdfi or ekkS) ; i, q, 
"^ ' f, Hod. 

dikhAdeijA fevfr^^T v. «. s 


•• show, to 

DlKHAf f^l^ «./.. .Showi^ig, show. 

appearance^ display; the inspection of 
registered women of ill fame under the 
^^jitagkHw Diseaaei?, Ajci:—4ihh4l de^i, 
V, a. To appear,- to be «eenJ to seem: 
,i.q. Wihhdl , .^,- ' 


dikhlAu^tA feifljpf^ 

S^e Dtkhdu^d, Wikhduf^d. 

DIKHALf feV?^*./. SeeBikhdi: 

— dtkhdU dend, V. n. To' seem, toappefo*, 
to reveal, to maziifest. 

DIKBAtJ' feV§' a. Comely, ^worthy 

to be seen ; externalv 

'-■*** ' • •■. , , ' ' • '» .' 

DIKHAIH?A feV^^T r. a. To show. 

to point out, to exhibit, to display, to 
-manifest, to ^y^al; t. q. Wikhduud. 

DIKHAwA. fevjT^T ,. m. Show, pa- 
geantry, exhibition, ostentation; a guide. 

DfKHiA ^IftpW 8. m. Corrupted 

from the San3krit word Dikshd. The 
initiation of one as a disciple of some 
saint or Ireligious guide. 

DlKHLAf fet^rt'^n '. / Showing, 

show, appearance,*display i-r-dikhldt de^i^ 
t>. n. To appeary to seem, to be, sein. 

DIKHLAUJJA fet(55T^S^ I V. o. See 

dikhlA Bt!Sk ^!ms^^ ) IH 
dikhlAwA fe>4;B^ *. m. 


dikhwaiyA fey^iin 




flffT I 8. m. 
fJJ'P ) beh< 



a spectator, an obserrer. 

DIKK fcof 5. /. m. Corrupted from 

the Arabic word Big. A hectic fever, 
chronic fever, consumption (properly tap 
dikk)] trouble, vexation, perplexity. 


( 820 ) 


annoyance ; met one who politically ruins 
another such as consumption gradually 
consumes the body of a person;— a. 
Troubled, annoyed, perplexed, vexed: — 
dikk ddri, s, /. Trouble, vexation, annoy- 
ance, distress; narrow circumstances, 
poverty : — dikk hof^d, v. n. To be irritat- 
ed, to be troubled, to be annoyed: — 
dikk kamd, kar de^d, dikk kar mdrnd, v. a. 
To trouble, to annoy, to perplex, to tease, 
to harass. 
DIKKAT ftjofn 8, /. Corruption of 

the Arabic word Diqqat. Trouble, per- 
plexity; uneasiness; abstrusity, intricacy, 
a delicate affair. 
DIKKf ^oft 8. /. A sense of heavi- 
ness in the stomach, constipation of 
bowels; c. w. Aout. 

PIKKO DOLE f^a#^ »• »»• Motion 
and shaking (as in a gdH or ekkd)\ wan- 
dering hither and thither not knowing 
what to do, perplexity of mind; c. w. 
khdfk^. See Dakke 4^le. 

DIL few 8. w. Heart, mind, soul, 
conscience, affections:— (it7bar, dilddr, 
a. m. Heart-ravisher, a sweet-heart:— 
dilhaH dend, V. a. To encourage, to pat :— 
hedtl, a. Onwilling, dispirited:— 6e(i»ji, 
B. /. Unwillingness, reljictance:— dii 
hhdnd, v, n. See dilpasand i-^dil bhijjiQ4, 
V. n. To be amused, to be pleaded, to be 
in trust, to consider trustworthy. See 
dil laggndi'-^il hurdkarnd, v. n. To 
vomit; to take ill, to be displeased:— ^J 
chald, dil Ugd, a. Wliatever wins the 
heart, pleasing, delightful, darling; stout- 
hearted, brave, resolute, generous:— dtZ 
chalnd, V, a. To desire, to be greedy:— 
dil dd hddsdh, 8. m. Monarch of one s 
own heart:— <ia dd da/ryd hofkd, y-n. io 
be bountiful as the sea, munificent:— 
dil ddri, 8. /. Seeking another's pleasure: 
—dil dend, dil Ugqr^d, v. n. To give one s 
mind to, to apply one's self in earnest:— 
dil dukhduf^, V, a. To hurt one s feel- 
ings:— dii dukHd, V. n. To hurt ones 
feelings:— dtW^ «• Melancholy :—d»Z 
girl, 8. f. UelB.ncholji—dil horde Jaufid, 
V a To put one's heart or mind to an- 
other:— diZ jamd, 8. /. Satisfaction:— 
diljamd kamd. v. a. To give ^sm-ance 
or confidence; to satisfy one:— dti hhatfd 

hond, V. a. To be displeased, to he 
offended: — dil khattd karnd, v. a. To 
sour one's temper; to displease or offend 
one: — dil khush kamd, v. a. To divert, to 
amuse, to cheer :-'-£KZ laggt^d, v, n. To be 
attached to, to be fond of, to be in love 
with, to be entertained, to be amused, to be 
pleased : — dil pasand^ a. Agreeable, plea- 
sant ; — 8. f. A small round gourd {OitruUus 
ffulgariB var. fistulostu) commonlj culti- 
vated near Multan and Lahore. It is 
sown about April, andripens in July, and 
is cooked as a gourd, and has a pleasant 
flavour when young, but the seeds are 
troublesome as it gets old: — dilpdw^d, 
V, a. To find out one's disposition, to 
find one agreeable or congenial : — dilphas 
jdfkd.phasnd^v. n. To be caucht, (the heart), 
to fall in love : — dil phern^d^ v, a. To turn 
one's affection from: — dilphirf^dyphirjdi^d, 
V, a. To be disgusted, to be sick of; to be 
estranged, to revolt from: — dil rakkhd, 
dil rakkhi kamd, v, a. To possess one's 
heart or affections, to please, to satisfy, 
to oblige :— (i»7 ihaihani^a, v. n. To be set- 
tled, to be consoled: — dil uchhal^d, v. n. 
To be full (the heart) ; to be sick at the 
stomach : — dil wichch rakkh'^d, v. n. To 
keep to oneself, to keep secret; to be 
annoyed within : — dil wdld^ dil wdU, 8. tn. 
/. Bold, courageous; generous, liberal:— 
dil wadhaui^di v. a. To encourage: — dU 
wadhnkd, V. a. To be encouraged. 

plL ^ih 9. m. Stature, bulk, siae^ 
body : — ill daul^ a. m. Figure, shape. 

pf LA ^W «• ^' ^ '^^» * ^^' 

DILA (tf^V 8. m. A tree (Odina wo- 
dier) which attains a considerable size 
in the Siwalik region, and up to near 
the Indus, and in the Salt Range. The 
outer wood is very subject to worms, the 
iuner is dark-colored and tolerably dura- 
ble when well-seasoned, being used for 
door-frames. The gum is used in cloth 
printing and is officinal, being given in 
asthma, and as a Qordial to women. 

Df LA tfld^l \ 8.m, A short species 

pf lA ^tSP ) (Arundo Phragmitet 

Cyperus tuherosus, Sdrpua mariiimus,) i* 

common in marshes in the Panjab plainfl- 

Sandals are in winter made of its stems, 


( 321 ) 


and when fresh it makes fair forage, bat 
it soon gets very dry. 

DILAsA^A ftf<M)IMdV J 8. m. Com. 

DILASSA fejfSnr^ ) fort, consola- 
tion, solace ; encouragement : — dtldssd 
dend^ t?. a. To soothe, to solace, to 
console; to encourage; to pat; ♦. q, 

DILAU^JA ft;A>Qd> t;. a. To cause 
to be given, to cause to give, to put in 
possession ; i, q, Diwdui^d. 


a. Brave, in- 
trepid, daring, 

DILAUB fe??g 

dilAur fewQd 
dilAwar (tfjj^l^d 

courageous, generous, liberal-minded. 
DILAURf fe(g^ 1,./. Bravery, 
DILAURf fejjrf^ ^ courage, bold- 

DILAWARf fiitt'^^ J ness; gener- 
osity, liberality. 

pILH fejg ,. m. (M,) Corrupted 
from the Sanskrit word Bali, A clod : — 
Kkamise shode di ^ilhen kdni di. Poor 
Khamise has to put up with clods. — Prov. 

DILHJjA fe?|3f V. n. See Dihalnd 

^^^^ (t:«n a. Belonging to the heart, 
sincere, cordial, hearty. 

DILLA reajT ,. m. (If., Pot.) An 

earthen water pot, a ghard, Dilld is in 
nse on the banks of the Indus and in 
Bera Ghazi Khan ; ghafd in the rest of 
the Mnltan country. 

DiLLf f^JS^ 8, m. Dehli (commonly 

^tten Delhi), the former capital of 
Hindustan :—DilU wdld, DilU todlaf^, wdU 
»• m. f. An inhabitant of Dehli. 

dilwaiyA fejJb^M ' ) 

WlwayyA ^25^1^1" "" '^^"'" 

DILWAUijA fett^ ' Q g t;. a. See 

dimAo fewBi) ^ ^ ^ 

dimAk feHTorr" ^'''^'"^'• 

Df MAK ^tifSC 8. /. A white ant. 
PIMBH f^g 8.m. SeeDa^hh. 

pIMMAN fy>f?J 8, /. (M.) A fish of 

the siluridsD family (Gallichrou8 checkra" 
Day) very common in the rivers and 
fhands. It attains five inches in length, 
and is good eating. 

DIMMUK f^ifoT s. m. A plant (flfoZen- 

anthus sp.) found in parts of the basins of 
the Chenab and Jhelum. The pounded 
root is applied to abscesses. 

DIMIJSSA fe>pflT 8. m. A wooden in- 
strument by which a large wooden pail 
is fixed in the ground ; i, g. Dam^«a. 

DIN }X!7> *• w- I^ay* time : — din bidin^ 

ad. Day by day, every day, daily, from 
day to day : — hurd din pat jdfid, v. n. 
To befall evil days, to be unfortunate ; 
to become a widow : — burd pdufid, v, a. 
To perform the ceremony of giving clothes 
and ornaments to a widow on the 13th 
day (Kiryd day) of her husband's death : — 
din chafhe, ctd. Late in the morning : — din 
chafhduf^d, v, a. To be or begin late, to 
delay: — din chafh^d, dmd, v. n. To rise 
(the sun), to advance (the day): — din 
dhale, ad. In the afternoon : — din ^haludy 
^haldejdud, v. n. To decline (the sunj, 
to close (the day), to grow late : — din 
dehdre, din ditoin, ad. In open day, in 
broad daylight, in public : — din kaitrid^ 
din kafi Jcamd, v, n. To pass one's days 
in hardship or pain; to be passed in 
hardship (one's life) : — din man, s. m. 
The length of the day (astronomical 
term) : — din pujj^e, v. n. To arrive (the 
time, season), to be numbered (one's 
days), to come (death); to be about to 
give birth (to a child) :--^inphirjdlke, din 


( 322 ) 


fnur j(he, mUr duf^e, v. a. To take a 
favourable turn, to begin to prosper 
after adversity : — din p4re Aon-e, v. n. To 
be in the 0th month of pregnancy :-— 
din pfire hame, v. n. To drag on one's 
days, to live a life of pain and sorrow : — 
din rainhde ndl, ad. Before snnset. 

Df^? ^te 8. m. (8.) Poor, needy, humble; 

(A.) faith, religion: — dind handM, din 
hanJM, s. m. The friend of the poor, an 
epithet of God : — dirid ridth, s. m. Sup- 
porter or Lord of the poor, an epithet of 
God :—diu diydl, s, wi. Merciful to the 
poor; an epithet of God: — difk tdi, 8. /. 
Humility, meekness: — ditk ddr.a., 8, m, 
Eeligiotts, pious ; one who is faithful to 
the Muhammadan religion; one who is 
newly converted to Isldm: — diihddri^ 8, f. 
Piety, attention to religion, righteous- 
ness:— <iiO di lardi, 8, /. A religious 
war, a crusade: — dixt dd^ or dif^o di^^ 
pukdrfkd, t?. n. To raise the standard 
of a religious war : — dt'tJ dw^ydny «. m. 
This world and the next, both worlds: — 
(Wu du^ydn thonjdi^d, v, ». To be depriy- 
ed of happiness in both worlds: — din 
guduikd, V. n. lit. To lose religion, to 
have no faith, to become dishonest, to be- 
come a convert to another religion on 
account of any worldly temptation: — 
din wichch mildui^d, v, a. To convert to 
one*s faith : — dtO gndid dufii 8e dufii nd 
chain sdtk, pair kuhdrd mdrid gdfal apne 
hdth. The religion or faith is lost for the 
Bake of this world, (i. e., for worldly 
temptations), and this world will not 
accompany you ; oh! careless fellow you 
have cut your own feet (with an axe) 
•with your own hand. — ^Hymn used of 
those who have indulged themselves 
in the pursuits of worldly things by 
unfair means at the sacrifice of their 
conscience and religion, and of those 
who change their religion for the sake 
of any worldly benefit. 

DfNA DANTST ^A'tjIiSWif <^- Cor- 
rupted from the Persian word IHdah 
ddn%8t Intentionally, wilfully, deliber- 



8. m. See Dofi- 

piNQ tsf^T 8, m. Crookedness^ a crook 

a warp : — ding phafingdy a. See Dingd 
tafingd in Dingd, 

DINGA (^dM a- Crooked, warped : — 

^iij^gd iofii^gd, a. {Pot.) Crooked, uneven ; 
having the face averted, displeased : — 
kutte di pUchhar or p4chhal kahen tcanjhU 
wichch pd rakkhid hi Unwen dingd rahid hd. 
Some one had put a dog's tail inside a 
flute, but it remained as crooked as l>e> 
fore. — Prov. used of an incurably bad 
habit ; i. q. Wii^d. 

DIljirGER f^gig 8. m. A yellow and 

parti-colored kind of peas {Cajanus In^ 
didM) common in the eastern and central 
Pan jab. It is rarely cutivated in fields by 
itself, but generally in narrow strips 
round other crops. The pulse is said to be 
easily digested^, and is suitable for in- 
valids; i. q. Harhar^ Harwdnh. 

pINGH f^ 8. f. A foot, a step, a 

pace: — ^ingh hhami^ paUf!^{y pu(fn4, v. a. 
To quicken one's step ; t.' q. Uldngh, 

piNGRf r^dl^l 8.f. A herbaceous 

plant {Pluchea sp.) found Trans-Indus 
and in the Salt Range. It is eaten by 
goats, and appears to be officinal ; %. q. 


DINH reO 9. m. A day. 

dI Nf til<£l «• Religious, pertaining 

to religion, spiritual; of the same re- 

piWH f^5 8.f. Thirst; the stomach, 

the belly: — dinjh hharke khdf^d^ v. n. To 
eat a bellyftill. See DcMJh. 

DING DIN fe^feSoi. Day by day, 

DINS A feSW 8. w. A moderate siaed 

tree (Hess dipyrena) not uncommon in the 
Pan jab Himalaya up to near the Indus. 
The wood is not esteemed. On the Beas, 
the leaves are oooawonally given as 
fodder to sheep. 


( 823 ) 


DfO ^^ 8. m. This fem (Pt&ris 

aqutlind) is abnndant in many parts 
of the Pan jab Himalaya. It is certainly 
eaten at times as a pot-herb in various 
parts. The fronds are generally used 
in quite a yonng state, and are sometimes 
nsed to pnt nnder the eazth of roofs. 

pf pf O ^t^ '^\^ 8. /. The cry made 

by villagers to recall straying bnftaloes 
to the herd. 

DIP fev 8, m. (K.) A fish trap, con- 

sisting of a basket with a small hole at 
the top ; and bait is pnt to draw fish into it. 

DIP ^|c[ 8. m. A lamp ; an island, a con- 
tinent, a region or clime of the earth, (the 
Hindu philosophers say that terrestri- 
al globe contains seven dips or islands, 
encompassed by seven seas) : — dipmdld^ 
s. /. A row of lamps, an illumination 
that takes place on the occasion of Diwdli 
festival in the month of Kitak* 

Df PAK ^tySr** «** A lamp; a rig or 

musical mode sung at evening, an evening 
Bong or hymn. 

DfRAGH ^|gU( a. Jjcmgiy^diragh «tr, 
*. m, A long vowel. 

DIRA^f fegi^ 8, f. The wife of a 

husband's younger brother; t. q. Bar 


) mi 

wu Firmness of 

DlitHTA feS3T ) mind, permanence. 

MPHAK fe^ ». f. (Pot) The rind 
of a pomegranate ; t. q, Naspil. 

WRIST feferi^ s.m. aeeDarisf. 

DiaiSTilsrT fefaj<<iirf .. m. See Xfa- 

^° fc#f ^. /. An imper. of v. a. Dissi^i. 

°ight; side, quarter; — die paif^d, v. n. 
To come into sight, to become visible. 

DIS A f^fTjT 8, /. Corrupted from the 

Sanskrit word Dishd. Side, quarter, 
direction ; point of the compass; a neces- 
sary :--c/itfro« disd, s. m. Four sides, 
four direction; — disdjdw, v. n. To goto 
stool, to ease oneself: — disd sM, «. in. An 
inauspicious conjunction of the heaven- 
ly bodies; a sign in the heavens con- 
sulted on commencing a journey; the 
direction in which it is deemed unlucky 
to travel on particular days : — dur disd^ 
8. m. Deplorable, or bad state, wretched 
condition, woeful or accused state. 

DISAljITAB fej^ ,. m. Foreign 

DISAUR feSU ") «. m. Another 
DISAUR fe^lQ g C or foreign 
DISA War fijj^ r ^^ J country. 

a: Belonging 
to another 
- country, fo- 
reign, im- 

DISAURf f^^ 

DisAuRf ferrf ^ 
DisANURf ferrrf^ 

DISAWARf fe Tt l^^ 
DISAlJWARf feni^cfl J 
DISAU^fA fewrg^i;. a. To tell. 
DISHA fe^n 8, /. The same as Disd. 

DISSAJiT ^HS ") V' »• To appear, to 
piSS A^jT f^TTS r ^e s®6^» *o ^® visible. 
DlSSJf A ftfU^f J Present participle : 

dissddy dissdd; Future: ^issdn, dtssegd; 
Past participle: diUhd: — dissafk or dissafk 
dd changd amldfi dd khardb. Good to 
look at, but evil in deeds: — ditthd 
hoid,a. Seen: — ^iffhd bhdlid, a. Seen 
and examined. 

DIST fejT^ 

pisT feris 

Darisht. Sight, vision; the eye: — dis. 
hunt, s. /. An enigma, a riddle; i. q, 

Corrupted from 
the Sanskrit word 


( 324 ) 



DISTANT fefld'a 8. m. Corrupted 

from the Sanskrit word DarUtdnt, A 
simile, a parable, an illustration, an in- 
Btance, a precedent. 

DlURf ^QfH 8. f. Moving the middle 

finger ; — diupi detiij «. a. To anger one 
hj moving the middle finger. 

Df TIT tflQ^ 9. /. A lamp stand, 

Df WA tH^' I *• /• ^ 1»™P :— ^w?4 wZif, 
pf WA ^^1 ) «. /• A match, a luci- 
fer; i. q. Did, 

diwAkhA fe^nift 8 
diwAkhI f^ 

yf^ 8. m.'i 

^ »• /. 3 

A lamp- 

DIWAL (tf^lM! «• ^- /• ^ giver; 

(corruption of IHwdr) a wall. See 

DIWAlA (tfScW *. m. A temple; 
bankruptcy; c. to. ka^hf^d. 

DIWALf (tl^l^ 8.f. A strap; a 

Sikh or Hindu festival of lamps. See 
IHpmdld in Dip. 

DIWAN ftf^'A)*. -w. A court of au- 
DlWA^jT ^i^TJjj dience, a tribunal, a 

court, a royal court ; a secretary, a min- 
ister, a financial minister of a State; 
Sikh religious assembly, (such as Khdlsd 
Diwdn) :—-diiodn khdnndy s, m. A hall of 
audience, a chamber, a public room de- 
tached from the house. 

DIWAnA ftf'sSW 8. m., a. Corrupted 

from the Persian word IHwdnah, A mad 
man; crazy, mad, possessed of a demon. 

DIWANf fe^l^ 8, /. A civil court; 

the office of a steward or minister of 
State; — a. Civil, pertaining to affairs of 
State, mad. 

Df WAR ^t^Tg 8, /. A wall. 

DIWARf fe^ ' J) s. f. {K.) A Httle door, 
or passage through a wall. 

Df WAT t?]^^ s. f. A lamp-stand. 

DIWAT fe^af 8.f. An inkstand,— 
(if.) A lamp-stand. 

DIWAU^fA fe^lQdl V. a. To give, 
to cause to give. 



\ °- 

) T( 

Two ; — •po8tpo8iti<m (M.) 
Towards, in the direction of ;— 

(K.) 8, /. Wheat (Triticum sestivum) : — 
do bar J 8, m. Double breadth (of cloth) : — 
do ha/rd, a. Of double breadth (cloth): — 
do dhdr, do dhdrdj a. Two-edged, a sharp 
edged (a sword) : — do dild, a. Double- 
minded : — do din dd pardkuf^d, 8, m., a. 
lit A guest for two days ; transitory : — 
do gwf^dy a. Two fold : — do hatthin taufi 
wajjf^iy V. n, lit To clap with both hands, 
to meet half way: — do jia? ndly a. Hav- 
ing two lives, pregnant: — do jibbkdy a. 
Double-tongued: — do jiw4, a. Double- 
minded; pregnant: — do ku, a. About 
two: — domUhdn, a. Double-mouthed: — 
do ndli, a. Double-barrelled (a gun) : — 
do puf, 8. m, A pail' of mill-stones ; heaven 
and earth ; a kind of bread : — -do puf 
milne, v. a. lit. To meet two stones of a 
mill ; to meet day and evening, to set (the 
sun): — do p^i8t, a. Having two genera- 
tions: — dosdldn a. Two years old: — biit 
Rdvi do chafh July am te Ji chhofyam tedi 
kolh. My body has mounted and gone 
to the Ravi, but I have left my soul with 
you. — Story of Sdhibd and Mirzd. 

doAb €nra 

doAbA ^yxi^i 
doAbbA ^rvFEP 

8, m. 

A tract of 
land or country 
lying between two 


DOABA^J §»MT^;5 8. f. A woman of 

the Dodbbd ; (M.) a variety of Indian 


( 325 ) 


^ J. m. 

3 with 

(if.) A camel 
two teeth to 5 

pOAK fnloT 

years old, and a mare from 2 years to 3^ 
jeara old, and also havingr two teeth 

pOB 9^ $. f, A dip. a dive, a plunge ; 

faint ; grief, sorrow : — dob deind, v. a. To 
dip, to immerse ; to dye, to colour; to 
rain, to lose ; met. to get a bad name, to 
injure any cause :— <Io6 pai^dy v, n. To 
faint: — nakk ^h he marndy v. n. To 
die by drowning one's nose, %. a., to be 
mach ashamed. 

DOBBA WTp t.f. A dip (of the pen), 

immersion ; soaking ; — ^hhd sohkd^ 8, m. 
A calamity, ruin, destruction. 

pOBBtj 9 d 8. m. An immerser, one 

who sinks (anything) under water ; — a. 
Deep enough to be immersed in standing 
erect, overhead, very deep. 

POB^A ^IJ^I t;. a. To dip, to im- 
merse, to sobmerge, to cause to sink; to 


DOD f ^ i. f. (if.) 
formed at weddings. 

DODA §^ a. (if.) 
poppy head. 

A ceremony per- 

Base; — «. m. A 

pOpA ^gi I *. m. A poppy head 

pOppA^"^) (Papcbver somniferum) ; — 

{K) A small tree (Pyrus Kumaonensxs) 
coramon in many narts of the Panjab 
Himalaya : — gul doad, mal ^o^, *. m. A 
plant (Leucas Gephalotes) common in the 
^egtern Panjab plains. The plant is stirr- 
^ in milk for its odour, and is officinal, 
being reckoned stimulant. 


DODAX #^or I *. /. A plant, 
DODHAK §TIof 3 weed (Sonchua 

oleroceiw, Convolvulus pluricaults, Andra- 
^ne telephioides) common in many places 

throughout the Panjab plains. It i» 
eaten by cattle, and is reckoned cooling, 
and used as a vegetable : — hafd dodak 
f. m. A weed (Euphorbia thymifolid) 
common in parts of the Panjab plains. 
Its juice is said to be a violent purgative, 
the fruit and flowers by name Hajdr 
ddnd are officinal : — kulfd dodak^ 8. m. 
See D4dal 

DODAL ^^^55 8, m. A shrub (SpirsBa 

Lindleyana) with fine white flowers the 
handsomest, and one of the commonest of 
the Himalayan species of Bpireea. 

DODAN ^^25 «• w, (K,) A handsome 

smallish tree (Sapindus detergens) not 
uncommonly planted in the valleys as far 
as the Ravi. The timber is white, soft, 
and weak, and is not of great use. In 
Kang^ its leaves are used as fodder. 
The seeds are also officinal, being given 
in cases of salivation, in epilepsy and as 

dodarkAn ^sgofTS ». ^. (J^f.) A 

raven, a mountain crow ; u q* Roheldlcdi^. 

pOpH S^ 8. m. (if.) The ravelled 

ends of a piece of cloth, badly- woven 
cloth which is all warp and no woof : — 
buchkd hd patt dd wichcho nikthd d^dh. 
The bundle was of silk ; it turned out to 
be ragged ends inside ! — Prov. A whited 

DODHA ^4J(i 8. m. Gbeen maize, an 
ear of com in the milk. 

DODHl^flft 8. /. The milky juice of 

the poppy; the milk of g^een com, 
the starch of wheat ; a potation prepared 
from dry poppy heads ; a kind of food 
prepared from various milky fluids (such 
as that of wheat, maize, almonds, chdr 
magzy 8fc) 

DODfA$^hMT 8.m. BeeDHdhU. 
DODRtJ $t!^ *. wi. See Dinsd. 


8, m. See JHdridn, 



( S26 ) 


pOG-A 9dl' 9, m. The name of an ear 

ornament worn by girls, (generally need 
in the plural.) 

DO GAL A $gR5T a., *• m. Haying two 
seeds, mongrel ; a Eurasian. 

DOGANA^gpS^ 8. m. Bowing the 

body twice in prayer, a form of prayer 
among Mohammadans ; u g. Dngdnd. 

POG-AR 90id 8. m* The name of a 

caste among Mahammadans; the name 
of the oonntry abont Jammn. 

pOGARNf ddld<^ *. /. A female of 
Dog or caste ; a native of Dogar. 

D0QHA5 §^^3 »• /• Two water pots 

carried on the head one on top of the 
other ; a kind of child's play. 

DOGf ^^ «, w,, a. Two degrees, the 

second place ; in the second place, second 
(in degree). 

DOGLA ^BTSSI 9. m. See Dogdid. 

pOORA ddld' «. m. I A native of 
pOGRf ^a i Jl « /.) 2>o^ar;— a. Ofor 
pertaining to J^ogar. 

POH ^JJ 8, m. (If.) Corrupted from the 

Sanskrit word DofA. A fault; a sin, 
blame; an imper. of v, a. Dohan;-^ 
nachch m jdfte te wefhe te ^h. Does not 
know how to dance, and blames the 
ooartyai*d. — Pro v. : — 8obbho dioh ningar te 
nd ^o\ at Yah4dan kandh aire te di. 
Give not all the blame to the girl, you 
Jewess ! the wall returns to it<« founda- 
tion, (i. e., nature will out). — Song: — nd 
ioK begdni gdi^^ mdre lati te hha%tte bdnh. 
Do not milk a strange cow, lest she kick 
and break your arm. — Prov. 

DOHA ^xP 8. m, a kind of Terse; a 
man who milks, a milkman. 

DOHAJ ^UtT 8. m. Milking. 
DOHA^? $UT a. (obi, of dowen) Both. 

POHAN grUJS V, a, (If.) Corruption 

of the Sanskrit word DHh. To milk. 
Fre8ent participle: duhendd; Future: 
^Aihesdi^ ', Past participle : ^udJid. 

DOHAR ^d^ 8. /. A second plough- 
ing at riffht angles to the first ; reduplica- 
'tion; a kind of cloth, a double shawl:— 
dohar pdunlj v. a. To plough both 
ways: — d(}har Idui^i, v. n^ To do anj 
thing twice. 

DOHASMA #an7WT I a. Having two 

DOHAsmA^J ^UTJUf I stories (a 

DOHATBAHtf ^Jd^^ «• /• The 
wife of a daughter's son. 

DOHATJUAf #a3gn|T^ *. w. The 
husband of a daoghter's daughter. 

DOHATPOT ^U3i?H «. ^. A grand- 
soil, a daughter's son, grandsons or 
daughters by sons or daughters. 

DOHTRA ^UHgr s. m. a grandson, 
the son of a daughter* 

DOHATRf %JH^ 8.f. SeeDohtart, 

DOHATWA^ ^Od^ ' A 9, m. A 
daughter's offspring (used collectively). 

DOHAwA #UT^ 8. m. (If.) A milk, 
ing vessel. 

DOHf $vft *. /. Complaint. See Duhdi 


DOHIA §fbw r '^^ ^ milkman. 

DOHfN ^%Sf «• (iiistr. of Dowe^) 


( S27 ) 


m^mm-^is- iTigiiiji - 1- 1. 

DOHIRA ^ftrSn '• ^- ^ kind of verse; 
1. 9. Bohdy Dohard, Dohrd. 

DOHjf ^vI?lT 8. w. A milkman ; t. q, 


DOHLA tiUW' »• '»». A bee-hive, a 

cavity in a wall in which bees are do- 

DOHNA ^US' V' n. To milk ;— ». m. 

A milk pail, any vessel in which a 
cow is milked. 

DOHlrf $U^ s. f. A small milk pail 
or milking vessel of any kind. 

DOHBA $0^1 a. Double ;— ». m. A 
kind of verse. 


8. m. A kind of verse; 

i. q. Doha, Dohard. Bohird^ Dohrd. 


«. ffi. Bepetition, 

DOHRtJ $UU «. «. (K.) A ladle for 

oil, g\ee. 



The son of 

DOHTRf %J^ ) ft/. A grand- 
DOHTf $^^ I daughter, a daugh- 
ter's daughter. 

POnULKA gOj; ! )A ' t;. a. To pour, 
to shed. See Duhlai(kd. 

BOHYA ^tnSfl 5. w. Ck» who milks, 
a milkman. 

V^l Scf «. /. A small wooden spoon : — 

i^hag^s.m, (if.) (ZiY.the spoon heron). 

^ke spoou bill {Plaialea leucorodia^-Jer' 

don :— jat9 de Aa^A dot huhh mare 8oi, He 

^0 holds the spoon dies of hunger. — 

DOJAKH ^-fPdl 


m. Corrupted 
from the Persian 

word Dozakh. Hell : — dojah p4rd hamdf 
V, n. To fill one's belly ; to pass miser- 
able days. 



*. /. 




8, /. 




8. m. 

the Per- 


*^ J n 

8, m. 



8 1 a n 

word Bozakhi. Hellish, devilish, ona 
fit for hell, a great sinner. 

DOJH ^f5 8. m. Milking. 
DOJHA^J ^Jii «. /. A milkmaid. 
DOJHf $^ «, w. A. milkman. 

DOK $or «. /. The fire* pair of teeth it 

horse gets after he begins to shed his 
milk teeth ; t. q, Bokk 

DOKA goH «. m. A fltop, hindrance; 

milk remaining in a cow's teats after 
milking her;— (If.) A date in th© 
second stage of ripeness when it has be- 
come yellow or purple, and is still quite 
hard : — dokd or doke lai he rahisid. Not to 
return without some obstruction or re- 
proach or suffering. 

DOKH '^ki 8, m. Faulty blame, vice, 

sin, injury, blemish, defect, disorder: — 
dokh d&itd, V. a. To blame ; «v f. B08. 

DOKHAN $"^2^ 8, /. I One who is to 

DOKHf ^y^ 8. m. j blame, a ainner, 

one who has a blemish, an injiiriotta 
person;^ — a. Inimical, ill-disposed, male- 
volent, malignant. 

DOKHLA ^^tfiRT 8, m. (if.) An earthen 
mortar for husking grain; t. g. JTkhhU. 

DOKH^jfA §MS» V. fc To cuise, io^ 


( S88 ) 


DOKf $5ft ,. /. The first pair of teeth 

a horse gets after he becnns to shed his 
milk teeth: — doM lidu^l, v, a. To get 
these teeth ; t. q. Boh. 

pOL 355 «. m. /. A well-bucket 

made of iron ; moving, shaking, roving, 
rambling; swelling by walking (a wound) ; 

DOL Ktb «• *»• 0^') An earthen 
sancer-shaped cnp for drinking water. 

DOLA 93^ 8, m. A kind of sedan or 

litter, a dooley; (Jkf.) a milkpail: — 
^14 def^i, V, a. To give one's daughter 
to a superior bj way of tribute. 

DOLA t!W^ «• w- (^') -An earthen 
vessel for bringing water from the well. 

DOLAIjIGH ^W^ ) 8. /. (Pot) A 
DOLAISIGH 'duiui ) step, a pace. See 

DOLCHI SSS^t «• /• ^ ■^'lall metal 
well-bucket ; a leather mug. 

DOLI §5^ 8. /. m. Dim. of Bold A 

small sedan or litter ; a sick person, a per- 
son who is influenced by an evil spirit ;— 
{Fot) An earthen milking vessel with 
a wide mouth :— ^2* feA*W"0», khtddufki, 
V. o. To throw down (a person in- 
fluenced by an evil spirit) into ecstasies 
shaking his head and speaking through 

DOLf §J^ a. Second in rank or 
degree (in the play called khutUnUr.) 

DOLNA dd6A0 «• "^^ ^ earthen vessel 
DOLljA Sih^J ^^ which cattle are 

milked, a mug; a small well-bucket; — 
V. n. To move, to shake, to be shaken, to 
rove, to ramble, to roam; to be dis- 
heartened, to be discouraged, to lose 
presence of mind. 

DOM $M ^' Corrupted from the Persian 
word Doyam. Second, next; inferior. 

POMQA 9ViW 8' rn. A young musi- 
oian or bard (a word of contempt.) 

DO^jr ;£" postposition (If.) Towards. 

See Do. 

DONA ^e2? 8. m. (JT.) See J>urungi\ 

a shrub {Daphne oleoides) whicH is com- 
mon at places on most of the rivers in the 
Pan jab Himalaya and also occurs Trans- 
Indus. In Chamba, gun powder charcoai 
is made from the wood. The bark is 
given for colic, and it is used by wx>men 
for washing their hair. On the Chenab, 
the leaves or an infusion are g^ven for 
gonorrhoea, and applied to abscesses. 

pONA 'S7>t 8. m. (if.) Leaves folded 

up to hold sweetmeats and small gro- 
ceries ; i. g. Diinnd. 

DONDDA ^f^ a. Having two teeth 
(spoken of cattle). 

pONDRt} ^*Sd a. Having no branches 
or leaves (a tree) . 

POIJOA 'B"3P $, m. 


A ds e p 

poisiOHf fHxft . /. [ l^^\^2 
VOVot #^ *./. J 

DONNA ^"^ 8. m. See D4nnd. 

DONNA ri A* »• «*• The name of ft 
part of the country in the Jullundnr 
Dodbf a country lying between two small 

DONO^ $J§^ a. Both ; %. q. Dowen. 

DOR 9d 8. /. A rope, a string, a thread; 
a string of kite. 

DOR 5c3 *. «». See Dodal; a species 

(Arum curvatum) grows at many places 
in the Panjab Hamalaya. On the 


( &^ y 


Jhelam and Sutlej it is dtAted to have 
poisonoas qualities. In Kalln the seeds 
are said to be given with salt for colic 
in sheep. 


«. m. (M.) Two fold. 

POJA fel a, (If.) Double. 

DORA 'e^ B. m. Cloth quiHed With- 
out cotton. 

DORA 9^^ 8. m. A line, a cord, a 

thread, a string ; an ornament worn by 
the bride at weddings ; a ladle ; strings 
(of the border of a Khes and Dutahi) 
tNvisted (used in the plural) ; a red line 
in the eye; — a. Deaf: — andhd dojakhi 
k iord bihuhH. The bHnd go to hell, 
And the deaf to heaven. — Pro v. (The 
blind are supposed to be suspicious and 
treacherous; the deaf simple and inno- 
cent) : — dord den^d, V, d. To pour ghee 
on food : — i^r^ pav(ke, #. a. To have red 
lines into the eyes. 

D0?HA ^3U» *. i». (M.) A kind of 

Verse consisting of two lines. J^arhds 
form the chief unwritten poetry of the 
country, and are universally sung wher- 
ever Jats collect for pleasure or work. 
Dorhds sometimes deal with love stories 
bat are rarely indecent. They afford the 
greatest amusement both to singers and 
the listeners and compare favourably 
^th songs of the Fol di rol d^ ri do type to 
vrhioh they exactly correspond. Some 
throw great light on rustic native thought 
and manners. Dofhda are of three kinds. 
'^ (1) those containing sense in both lines 
ft&d the sense is connected as : — main 
^rdft maindd ydr Kurethi ; hikH gdlhoi^ 
iardi Musulmdn kareat, I am a kirdf 
woman, my lover is Kureahli I foor only 
one thing, f . «., that he will make me a 
Uuhammadan. — ^(2) those containing 
Bense in each line but unconnected, the 
result being nonsense as : — gd4n gori dd 
gibd alUhdn ; te^i hewafdi dd, Oamand ydr, 
n4 ham aUhdn. fhe red cow haw a new 
horn calf ; of your infidelity, O&man love, 
1 was not aware.^^(JJ) those having 
the first line shorter than the second and 

oontaining only a few unmeaning words 
to rhyme with the second line, which 
generally has some sense as: — hat wahin 
Jhaldrin ; rondi mar waisdn, Odmnnd ydr, 
d4hd4 tedtdn rdhin. Some Jhdldrs are 
working; G'jman love! I shall die of 
weepinjg t^t the sight of youi courses. 

DOBf ^^^ 9. m. (K.) A tree {Cedrela 

toona serrata) found in most of the valleys 
np to near the Indus. The Wood is often 
very red, and it has a strong foeted smell 
when fresh ; a plant {Polygonum Bistorta) 
common at places in the Panjab Himalaya. 
On the Sutlej t&e root is said to bd 
applied to abscesses, and it is officinal 
in the plains, being very astringent; t. q. 

t)ORl got «• /. A string, a cord, a 

rope ; an ornament worn by the bride ai 
a wedding ; hope, trust, belief, f aithi 

DORIA 93h)P «• **»• Striped cotton 
cloth ; a dog-keeper. 

bos ^J{ 8, m. Corrujited from the 

Sanskrit word Dosh. Fault, vice, sin, 
blemish, defect, disorder ; blame ; charge, 
accusatioii ; (incomp.) people : — do8deiikd, 
lagdwi^d, IdwQd, v. n. To accuse one of a 
crime : — dos laggxkii v, n\ To be accused 
of a crime. 

DOSALLA $JTO5I 8. m. A pair of 
shawls ; — a. Two years old. 

DOSA^ ^H5 *• /• -^ woman who is in 
fault, a criminal ; one who has a blemiflh« 

doshAi!?dA $5fr^ 


fr^ ^ 8. m. A de- 
1^ ) coction; t. qt 

DOSHAllA ^W^ 8. TO. A pair ai 
shawLs; i. q. Dushdlld. 

t>OSt ^cnt o., a. m. Faulty, criniinal, 
vicious, defective ; a leper. 


( 330 ) 


UOSlSrA '^Wi'T 0. a. To criminate, to 
prononnce guilty, to blame. Present parti- 
ciple: dosdi) Future-, dosegi; Past parti- 
ciple: dosii: — doeii Jioii^ a. See DosL 


«. m. A friend ; a lover, 

sweetheart, paramonr : — dost dir^ a. 
IViendly : — dost 4ariy 8, f. Friendship. 

DOSTf ^T?^«./. Friendship, affection, 
amity, love. 

DOTA #^«. m. (M) A young profli- 
gate (used by women of men). 

DOTAHf §3dt «. /• A Knd of double 

cotton shawl worn by villagers in winter 
and generally spread on beds ; *. g. Dutahi. 

DOTLf §35^ s. f, (JT.) A term used in 

Kullu to describe the. grazing grounds 
round villages. 

DOU #^ 


^*\ « f a. 


DOYAK ^IffoT *. m. (If.) A camel of 
five years old ; u g. Doak. 

DtJ ^ a. (If.) Two. 

DUA ^VHI 8, /. A blessing, a bene- 
diction, a prayer ; medicine :—had dud,^ 
9, m. Calling down curses on: — d%ia 
diHty 8, m. Medicine, treatment; reme- 
dy, onrei—dud ddr4 kamd, v. a. To 
treat a patient :—dud det^i, v. a. To pray 
for; to give medicine: — dud kamiy v, a. 
To pray; to give or take medicine : — dud 
khair,s,f. A blessing, a good wish:— 
dud laggf^i, r. n. To be effective (a medi- 
cine) :— rftii par^ni, V. a. To read the 
praises of God in the Kurin :— cftitf saldm 
JbaM, »• »• To send or say one's com- 
pliments or blessings. 

DtJ A FW «. «*• The figure (2) ;— a. An- 
other, second, other ;— dAf dudl^ a. An- 

DUAB ^W5 1 s. m, A countiy 
DUAbA ^5W^ ) between two rivers ; 

the country between the Bias and Sutlej 
so called ; t. q. Lodbhd. 

DUADSf §nr^*ft «. /. The twelfth 
day of each half month ; ». q. Dudtsi, 

DUAf ^eirMT^ «./. Medicine. Seelhi. 

DUAIT ^n\i3 8. /. Difficulty, double- 

mindedness, separation, want of union 
and friendship ; believing in a multipli- 
city of deities ; iDelieving one-self separat- 
ed from Qod, or one's soul different from 

DUAlT^Wfed «• /• ^ inkstand; 
1. q, Dawdty Dawdit. 

DUAKHNA ^nWS' V' «• (Jkf.) To 
form soot; t. q. Dhudkh^d^ 

DUAL ^V)TO5«-/« a giver; a wall:— 

dad dudly a. Other, another : — dudl gir^ 
8. m. A cloth lining the wall of a room; 
a wall shade; a leather strap ; i. g> 

DUAliA gWTP •'^* Circumference, 

suburb ; bankruptcy ; ornaments :^-duaU 
^(f, V. a. To hang on to one, to compel 
one, to take something : — dudld kaddhi^a^ 
V, a. To declare one's self a bankrupt:— 
dudld mfcoZtja, v. n. To become bank- 
rupt ; t. q> Bawdld. 

DUALE ^WW T^V' Round about. 

DUALf ^niltffl «. /. Corrupted fronx 
the Sanskrit word IHpdlL The festival 
occurring in the month of Kattak^ when a 
grand illumination takes place ; a leather 
irirdle, a strap : — dudli hand, «. w. A 
sepoy, a soldier; %. q. DawdU, DivaU. 

DUALf A 5W3^1»n )*•*». A bank- 
DUALYA ^nraSW J rupt, an in- 

fi» * 

solvent ; t. g. Biicalia 


( 331 ) 


DTIAN 5>HT g. m. (3f.) A small light- 
ed heap of rubbish ; a place of such rub- 
bish ; t, q. BJiiidn, 

DUANf ^yXrg^ | «. /. a silver piece 
DUANNf 5»r<<t3 of two anna*. 

DUAnKH ^nW 5. /. (If.) Soot; *. g. 
Dhudnkhy Dhudnh, 

BUAPAR ^>HnfH 8, m. The third y«^^ 

or brazen age, comprising 8,64,000 years 
in which E!rishna was born. 

DI^AR ^WjS 8, m. A door, entrance, 

gate, gateway :—(lttrfr sdkh, 8. f. The 
side piece of a door frame. 

DUARE ^Wo prep. Before the door; 
through, by, by means of. 

BXJARKA ^^TfrgofT «. m. The name of 

a place of Hindu pilgrimage near the 
mouth of the gulf of Gutch on the western 
coast of India. 

DUAT gWg ,. /. An inkstand; i. q. 
Bawit^Biwdt, Dudit. 

I>UATSf 5nP3i;ft *. /. See VuddH, 

DUAUNA §W§^ v. a. (cans, of 

-D^sa,) To cause to bo given, to cause 
to give. ^ 

DIJb^^. ^. (x.) This well-known 


gJ^s (Cynodon dactyhn) is abundant 
except in the lightest soils, and the most 
arid localities throughout the Panjab 
plains. On account of its rooting stolons 
aiid close growth when watered, it is 
well adapted for turfing, and is generally 
^sed for that purpose. It is the best of 
all grasses for fattening and milk-pro- 
ducing powers ; *. q. Khahhal. 

DtJfiADlJ ^^ ad. Openly, face to 
^ace; {.q.^Dmad^h. 


0(0A' V. n. To go up and down; to 
come tears into the eyes. 

DUBAL ^^[95 a- Corruption of the 
Sanskrit word Durhcd. Weak, powerless^ 

dubaltA 5g353» ls.f. 

DUBALTAf g^rtd^jjl 3 ness, 



DUBArA ^grgr ad Corrupted from 

the Persian word Jhhdrah. Twice, a 
second time. 

DUBARAN ^ifldA t?. a. (If.) To 
water the land a second time. 

DUBAU f^ ,. m. A dip, a dive^ 

pUBAtJ ^^iQ a. Liable to sink; 

deep enough to be immersed in standing 
erect, over the head, very deep; on the 
point of being immersed; that will sink, 
{%. e., any thing heavier than water) ; — 
*. m. An immerser, a dipper ;t. q. JDobM. 

DUBAU^JA flflQ^T t;. a. Cans, of 

Dubbed, To cause to sink, to immerse; 
to demolish, to ruin. 

pUBB Sq 8. m. A dip, a dive, immer* 

sion, sinking: — d,uhh jdnd, v. n. See 
JDubhfid: — ^bh mamd, v. n. To drown 
one-self; to be very much ashamed. 

DUBBA ^^ 8.m. (If.) A depression 
in the ground filled with water, a pond. 


a. Difficult. 

DUBDHA ^hm\ 8. /. Doubt, suspense, 

dilemma ; ambiguity, uncertainty ; dis- 
quietude or •perplexit J :-^ubdhd mei^ 


P1]PEAE QUBHAE ^ 399^ > 


dowen gai mdyd mili nd Bdm, In disquie- 
' tude of mind (one) lost both, neither 

he got wealth nor conceived God.-^-JE*rov. 
' nseid about the failure in doubt. 

PUBHAK pUBHAK ^gST ^9or v. n. 

Glitt^rx glittering ; going i;p and down j 
c. tp, Ifamd^ 


DUBHAKHf A ^gpr*!^ | ,. w. One 

DUBHAsf A ^STjftyjtr ) whp under- 
stands two languages, an interpreter. 

PUBHAN ggS r. n. (M.) To be 

milked. Present participle: dubhdd; 
, Fuiuve: duibhadij^; Past participle: dubhd. 

DTJBHASRA ^grjrar a.s,m. Double- 

^ngu^4 ; on^ who changes sides, a man 
of duplicity. 

PUBHKA ^SOC" 8. m. 1 Water drawn 
pUBHKl ^^oft '*• /• ; ^^sh from a 

well; a dip, a dive: — d,uhhhe dd pdfii, 
8. m. Water drawn from a well.' 

DUBHT A 533^ 8, /. See Dubdhd, 

pjJBKl ^HJ\ 9.f. A dive, a dip;— 
{Pot.) A kind of tambourine; t. q. JDaur^. 

DUBLA tm^l o- Corrupted from the 
Sanskrit word Durbal. Lean, emaciated. 

DTJBLAf ^Uttlifl *- /. Leanness, 

PUBBNA 9 ci^jl v.n. Present particip- 
le: dttWW/T Future: duhhegd: Past par- 
ticiple: duhhid, iuhbid hoid. To dive, 
to be dipped, to be immersed, to sink ; 
to set (the sun); to be absorbed (in 
business) ; to be ruined, to be lost, to be 
done for; to be disgraced, to get a bad 

pUBOLf A f"SS^inP *. «». One who 

dives, as in excavating a well, or one who 
dives into the ocean for pearls. 

DUCHITT ^f^H ) «. ^^i^fi^ *^® 
DUOHITTA a^Bl ) Bain4 occupied 

with two object?, absent mi^dod, waver- 

DUCHITT! ^Ptjyi 8. /. Abeenee of 

mind, suspense. 


a. Foolish : — d4d(f dhdri^ 

8. m. A kind of Muhantmadan fcujif^i 
called also Maddri. 

DuDAL ^^35 «• ^^ (■^•) A common 

weed {Taraxa^mm officinale) in the Pan- 
jab Himalaya. In many places the 
young plant is eaten as a vegetable, and 
is officinal in Kashmir. The leaves are 
found in the Himalaya, as in Europe to 
be excellent food for tame rabbits : — Eu- 
phorbia Helioscopia, 8, w,^ A commoxi 
field-weed in spring tKroughoat the 
Panjab plains and the Siwalik tract. 
The milky juice is applied to eruptions, 
and the seeds are given with roasted pep- 
per in cases of cholera. 

DtJDAGRtJ g^nraif «. w. {K.) A 

cHmbing species {Fiewi reticvlaiay found 
in the Panjab Siwalik tract and Hima- 
laya up to near the Indus. 

pUpp 3% 8. m. /. A hole, the hole of 
a mouse ; crookedness in feet, 

DUDDA WW o.' Having crooked feet, 




8, m. Gorraption of 
the Sanakrit word 
Dughd. Milk; the milky 

juice of certain plants:— cWftrfn di duddJi, 
8. m. lit.. SpaiTOw's mUk ; rare things, 
(spoken gMier^lly of those things which 
aie rafdy found): — dtiddh chajikdi v. a. 
To milk :-r-(iiMWA churdwd, r. «. To 
keep back its milk(acow, buffalo) :--*««* 
ddubiU, »• m. lit The boiUng of milk; a 
sadden fit of passion or aeal which is soon 
over :— dtuW* de dand or dmddh d4d^ da^j 
diifh 8. m. Milk teeth :---ikWW dhdxi, 
8. m. One who Uvea on milk alone (some, 
sddh^ live on milk and do not take 
food) z-^-dudd^^ hdrhXLd,, v. o. To boii 
(milk) :—duddh poitkd, «. n. To fgrm (the 




( 888 ) 


jaiQe before the grain) :-^dttddh piduif^y 
r. a. To suckle, to gire suck to :—^uddh 
■pi^d^ V. n. To drink milk, to niick: — 
dttdilhputt, 8.m. Cattle and children: — 
duddh putt witdi Wtf, 8. m. A man or 
woman rich in cattle (wealth) and o£E- 
spring : — duddhin nahiwem^ ptttiinphalen. 
May you bathe in inilk ana rear many 
children, or may you abound in cattle 
and children'; (a bene^ctlon) : — duddh 
jmtt agge dw^a^ v. a. To perish cattle and 
children, (a curse) : — duddh utar duf^d, 
uttarrid, 17. n. To be full (udders, teats), 
to feel affection for: — duddh wargd, a. 
White as milk, very white : — duddh bat- 
thalr 8. m. (K.) See D4dcd, 

DUDDHf ^rft a. Having a milky 

]uice ;-*»#. /, A woman^s breast; the 
name of a plant; — a. Having a milky 

Dl^DFRAS ^ti^^H 8,w. (K.) This 

tree [Vopulus cihiitik) is common wild in 
the Pan jab Hamalaya up to the Indus 
and grows to a largo size, occasionally 
reaching 10 feet in girth, and its 
leaves resemble those of the pippal. The 
wood is.aoft and not valued, but is nsed 
for water troughs, and in Hazara occasion- 
ally for gun stocks. In some places the 
leaves are used as fodder. There is a 
plentiful fioss rouiid the seeds, which 
has at times been recommended for 
pnrpeses of ^^nulaoturing paper. 

a. One ttftd a half ; t. q» 

^ uieudh. 

jy6DUk 9^ ^' Having half as much 
more added, one half more; t. q. Deufhd. 

DUDHAIL 5f^25 a- Giving milk. 

D^DHApAR ^TJUra 8. m. (K.) A 

tree (Euonyimis fimhriatd) is common in 
^x^^j places in the Panjab Himalaya up 
to near the Indus, It doejs not grow to a 
' g^t size, and is not valued for censtruc- 
tion, but the wood is close-grained 
and tough, and spoons are made of it. 
The leaves' are eaten, by goats, and on 
the Sntlej the red seeds are strung in^to 
ornaments for the head. 



very sharp (& 

dudhAr ^^^Ki 
dudhArA g qTgr 


ptJpHl §1^ 8.f. A threshold, a thresh- 
old of royal palace {Mdlwd dialect); — a. 
one half more : — ^iidhi jaf^t, IdttQi, v, a^ 
To add one-half to a thing-; to take 
fifty per cent, interest* 

DtJDHfA tf^W ». rn. See mdhyd; 

' a plant {Awnitysm Napellu8) is frequent 
in parts of the Panjab Himalaya. Th© 
root of this plant is called dMhii maurd 
(Aconitumferox) and is used for destroying 
wild animals. In Europe, aconitina, the 
most virulent poison known, is extracted 
from the root of this plant. In Ohaznba 
it is ground and applied externally, after 
scarification, for headache. It is officinal 
in the plains, being reckoned anodyne, and 
used externally and internally for bron- 

DUDHKAL ^ljo(M' *. w. The name 
of a plant containing milky juice. 

D^DHLAK ^TI55or 8, m. A common 

weed (JlicrorhynektiS' nndicauUs) through- 
out in the plains. In the southern Pan- 
jab the plant is used medicinally in 

DUDHlJA ^^nP *. m. Milk, white- 
wine (spoken bj faqirs). 

Dl^DHYA^qiiJI 8. m. The colour ot 

milk; arsenic ; — a. Giving milt, contain- 
ing milky juice; white like marble ; raiw,. 

DUDKAR f^esng ) *./. Reproof,, 
DUDKAbI 5Cor^> rebuke, anubbr^ 
ing, a curse ; i, q. Bwrkdr, Dutkdr. 

DUDKARNA g ^otldA ' ^ P^ a. To re- 
buke ; i. q, Burkdmkd, Butkdr^d. 

Ut^DLA ^tltt> *. m. (Ky Afinetred 
{Frunu8 l^adtu), with handsome bunches 


( 83* ) 


of wliiie flowers in April, which grows in 
many parts of the Pan jab Himalaya np 
to the Indus. The wood is not mnch 
Talued, but is used for ploughs, railings 
and for spoons. The fruit is eaten by 
the people, but has a mawkish astringent 
ta8t<e; t. q, Jdmr^H jammHn: — Syringa 
Emodi, A shrub occurring at many 
places in the Panjab Himalaya up to 
the Indus. The wood is white and close- 
grained, and carves well. The leaves are 
eaten by goats. 

DtJDSHAMBAR tJtffi^d s, m. (K.) 

A shrub (Desmodium tiltaBfolium) of much 
wide distribution, being found abun- 
dantly in many places on all the rivers. 
It is eaten by cattle, and the twigs are 
used for tying loads together. The 
tough bark in used as a paper-making 
and textile material. The leaves appear 
to be officinal by name Shdl pami. 

DtJOLf ^5^5^ s. m. {K.) See IkidcU. 

DtJDtJ 5^ «. wt. A sound like that of 
a kettle-drum ; t,q, DhMM, 


^gjgp 3 (amusi 

musical term.) 

DUGAnA t;ai"0' »• '»»• Bowing the 

body twice in prayer, a kind of Muhamma- 
dan prayer in which two inclinations of 
the body are made. 

DUGA^LA ^dPffi 9' w. Two balls in- 

serted in a gun at once; a rifle canning 
two balls, a double-barrelled gun ; c. w. 

pUGpUGf ^dl^dO ^-m- Atambou- 

DUGGAL ^dlM 8. m. A division of 
KhatHs, ^ 

PUGGH 3U{ «. m. A thick head of a 

DUGH5A ^Uigpr a. (preceded by 
aghrd). Entangled (thread); difficuh. 

DFGIHirA ^dl^V a. Double. 
DlJGTjRtf g^ ,. ^, (K.)8eeI>£dagT4. 

DUHAf ^anf) twCT' Corrupted from 
the Sanskrit word Dwihi. Mercy I 
Justice !— «. /. Crying out for justice, 
appeal, plaint ; an oath ; a double por- 
tion, reduplication; milking, pay for 
milking .—duhdi de^i, v. a. To appeal, 
to cry out for justice : — duhai Hh4%^ #. /. 
Reiterated appeals, reduplication Mid 
triplication: — dAiJuH iihdi def^i^ r. n. T«> 
complain, to cry for justice; i. q, 

DUHAJAR ^OMrf) 8, m. A second 
DUHAjtf ^^Ifj ) husband or wife ; 
t, q, MdjjH, 

DUH AR ^eUg 9. m. See Bohar. 

PUHUHJIA 9U9S3^ V. a. See 


DUHARFf ^Od^1 a. H^- Two lettered ; 

DUHASAMAN t!d>Mlf ) a. Having 

n a. 

[T 3 U 

DUHASAWAn ^^ l ^^ i 3 two (rtoriea, 
pertaining to the second story. 

DUHATTHA5 mArn! tiO'tlgjI TO?^ 

17. n. To clap with two hands, to strike 
with two hands, to strike two hands on 
the earth in rage, or in a great sorrow. 

DUHATWAl? 5U3^^ 8. m. A 
daughter's offspring (used collectiyely.) 

DtJHAUljfA 'gdlQil v.n. To cause to 

DtJHBADtJn tf d^tf d oci. Openly, ftwse 
to face; i. q, D4had4. 


( 385 ) 


DUHEli ^OmO o. Difficult. 

DUHITTA tjIcTd* a- Double-minded. 

DUH^rA tJdcb'l ^' a- To milk;— «. m. 
A wide monthed milk vessel. 

DtlH^irf 50^ «. /. A waall milk 

duhurA ^OcF 

Double, tbick, 

duhrAu t!OdiQ 


I a. ] 
) fat. 

tJdd'Q ") *• «»• Bedupli- 
tidd'Q ) cation, reitera- 

duhbAih?A ^dd'QiO ^^ «• To 

DUHURAuyA t!dd'Q<t > ' ; double, to 
repeat, to reiterate, to reduplicate. 

DUHT 5tI3 \ #. m. A daughter's 
DUHTA §U3T V son:-^^^ haM, 

DUHTBA ^Odd ' ) «• /• The wife of 

a daughter's son : — duht judi, 8. m. The 
husband of a daughter's daughter: — 
duhtjpot, «. m. A grandson, a daughter's 
son : — dohht wdf^^ 8, m. A daughter's o£E- 
gpring (used collectively.) 

BTJHTf 5U^ I 8.f. A daughter's 
BUHTRf ^drf^ ) daughter. 

PUHUL^A 9395^ V. a. To pour, 
to shed, to make useless. 

BUHUN ^ po8tpont{on (If.) To- 
wards, in the direction of. 

DUHTJEAM ^y^H «• /• Reduplica- 

^til ^r^ ,. y. Separation, the state of 
being two. 

DUI ^te a. Two. 


«. /. The second day of a half 


DtJjA g 

month (lunar), the second day of lunar 

8, /. Beating with a shoe. 

Second, other, an« 

DUK ^oT *. m. (If.) The eye of a 
needle : — aiH di duk wichchon katdr 4thdn 

• • • 

di langhi toaii^dhi, A string of camels is 
passing through the needle's eye. — Prov. 
used of an impossibility. 

DUKALLA ^oti^l a. Two together 

but separated from all others, two by 
themselves: — akaUd, dukcdld, a. lit Single 
or double ; single, unaccompanied. 

DUKAN 'goTO 8. f. A shop, a retail 

store, a workshop : — dukdn chalduf^i^ v, a. 
To do a good business : — dukdn ddr^ «. m. 
A shop-keeper : — dukdn ddrij *. /. Shop- 
keeping, trade, buying and selling: — 
dukdn ddrofiki 8. /. A female shop-keeper, 
the wife of a shop-keeper: — dukdn kami^ 
V, a. To keep or open a shop : — dukdn 
lagdu^i, V. a. To open or set out a shop; 
to display one's wares. 

DUKH ^^ 8, m; Pain, affliction, dis- 
tress: — dukhddij dukh ddik, dukh ddifi^ 
a., 8, m. /. Painful, grievous ; giving 
pain, one who gives pain: — dukh de^^ 
V. a. To give pain : — dukh hartd, dukh 
hhanjafi, 8. m. One who relieves or re- 
moves pain or sorrow; an epithet of 
God : — dukh lagqind, v. a. To feel pain: — 
dukh pdu^d, v, n. To bear pain, to suffer 
pain or trouble, to experience difficulties, 
to take pain : — dukh sukh, 8, m. Pain and 
pleasure: — dukh 8ukh dd sdnjhd AoQd, v, n. 
To show one's sorrows or pleasures, to 
assist one in grief and pleasure: — dukh 
wandfidy v, a. To share one's grief or 
sorrows ; to sympathise or condole with 


( 386 f 


DUKHAN ^tf3? t\ n. ^If .) To smoulder. 

DUKHAiJ ^V^ «• '»»• 0»e *^at gives 
pain, any thing that distresses. 

DUKHAXH?A ^g>4iQ^< V. a. To give 

pain, to distress ; to touch or probe so 
as to hart a sore. 

DUKHAWAN ^%n^3 tj. o. (If.) To 



a,, *. w. /. SufEer- 
*" ing pain or afflic* 
tioU) unfortunatci 

poor, indigent; distressed in mind, 
sick at heart ; aggrieved, sorrowful ; a 
great sufferer j an nnfortuiiite wretch : 
—dukhi hoQd, V. n. To be sorely afflicted 
or distressed : — jaf^am dd dukhiyd, 8, w» 
A wretch foredoomed to life-long suffer- 
ing:— -^^»aik dukhid €ahh ea^sdr, aukhid 
aojondm adhdr. Ow4 Nanak says all 
world, (t. e?., worldy persons) are distress- 
^ in mind, happy is one who has trust 
in the name (of God). 




One that is suffering from disease, one 
thftt is afflicted, a person in pain ; one 
that suffers in body or in mind. 

DUKHISA 5^2? «• «• T^ V^^^ ^ 
ache, to smart, to throb, to probe (a 
^ound) ; to feel compunction or remorse; 
to He heavy on one's mind, ^^^resent j^r- 
Uciplei dukhdd; Futwre; dukhegd; Fast 
varticiple: dukhid. 

DtmS^tJTA ^>i^3»««' Pawing 
nrine frequentljT in, amaU quantitiea 
accompanied with pain. 

8* 99t. 

8f fit* 

8, /. 

«. /. 

«. /. 

8. /. 


9. m. Paini. affliction. 

distress, constant sufferings ; a state of 
woe, a sad story: — dukhrd rofid, v. n. 
To tell a Rtory of one'e sufferingB^ to 
narrate one's sorrows. 

DUKf ^fqf! 8. f. (If.) A . flat pen- 

dant of gold worn hanging to Iei necklace 
of silk. 

D0KK: ^oT 8, m. A blow. 

DUKKA? ^STH ) 8. /. A small tam- 
DUKKU5 l^SrS ) botirine (generally 
used by Ditms) who staxwi behind danc- 

ing girls when dancing; — a. Two: 
— dukkar bajdwQt, fjoajdufki, t\ n. To play 
on tambQuriAej to clap the handft: — ik' 
kaf dukkar^ a. One, two, sometimes one 
and sometimes two :-^ikkar dukkaf 
hhamhd hhcku asai nabbe j^rd 8au, This 
phrase is used by boys in a play called 

DUKKH ^M «• W' See DukL 

DUKkI ^oft s. /. The figure two in 

cotirw. Two oowfU make a fukrd, sif 
duJqrds one dannfi, two damfU one kaaird, 
four kaeirds one. pice. 

DtJliA ^55' *• •*• ^ goodmaa, a brave 
man; a plant {Abelmoachua /^Ineus) 
which grows in fields in the plains, Itf 
seeds are put in sweetmeats. 

DUIiAf ^555^^ 8. f. A tWa quilt of 
two folds. 

DULAR ^«»d 8. wu 

dulArA SW»0' «. wt- 

dulArI §<!5tgl«. /. 

ling '.--rdj duUMt «. /. A prinoessw 

Love, affec- 
1 1 o n ;. — o. 
Dear dar- 


( S87 ) 


I. m.f A. kick i 
r. /. jkickin 

DULATTA §3531 

DTJLATTf ^25^ *. /. jKicKing 

with one or both feet, (especially by 
a horse, ass, male) ; e. to. khdud, marni. 

DULAU^A ^<K>Qdl »• «• To shake, 
to move, to discourage, to dishearten. 

pULHAuerA 17§T§3T I V. a. 

pULHWAU^jA Jj^^ l Qd' J T o 

cause to be ponred out. 

DULKA^jTA ^ttoJil t. n. To trot; to 
utter a word ; to deny. 

I>ULKf ^AoO *. /. A trot (of a horse) ; 
c. w. jdads paifid. 

DULLA^A ^25^ a. Composed of 
two strands. 

PULLH^jA ^i^& V. n. a. To be 

poured out, to be shed ; tneL to weep ; 
to laugh. 


V. n. To move, to shake 

or be shaken ; to roam, to ramble, to be 
unsteady or unsettled. Present participle: 
duUdd; Future: ^uUegd; Past participle: 
dullid: — dullid hoid, a. Unestablished, 
having no settled residence or resting 

D6lO ^^) *• «»• A bridegroom; 
DuLLO p^ ^ (in parlance) master ; 

a brave man ; a son in affection is also 
80 named. 

V^M ^J( 8. m. The name of a caste of 

Hahammadan musicians and bards: — 
Wm iardwdy s. m. A false alarm : — dUmdn 
degharwidhjiwerihJidwetiwengd, It is a 
Wedding in a mirdsVs house, he sings 
just as he likes. — Prov. used of those 
who are independent of doing anything, 
or of those who do anything of their 
own accord. 

DUMB %^ 8, m. A tail ; an ear of 

the grain called judr ; (united with ddff 
as d^ dumb, a blemish) ; ♦. q. 2)umm, 

DUMBA ^^ *.m.Afat tailed ram, 
DUMBCHf 1^ ,./. A crupper. 

DUMBfR :^^ 

1 8. m. 
3 rupte 

(if.) Cor. 
rupted from 

the Persian word Bahir. The person 
who divides the grain at the thresh, 
ing-floor. He is paid usually from one 
to four topds per path of grain weighed or 
measured. Under the Sikh Government 
the revenue was taken in kind. A por- 
hon was set apart for the BtmUr's pay. 
The government appropriated one-half 
and the Bumhir the other half. After 
annexation pafwdris were appointed, but 
the word DwrnMr is often used for 

99 ) '• ^* 

A deep place in 
stream, a lake, a 


pond. ** 

DTJmnA '^VTS^s.m. A spedesofbee; 

the name of a caste whose business is to 
make split baskets. 

ptfMijrE glf^ 5.m./. A person of 

the DikTMud caste. 
jy6w^i -^-^ 8. /. A female DUm. 

PTJM9A WHW '• «*. A youth of the 
£>4m caste; (a word of contempt.) 

DUMTJhA ^WvF 1 a. Double-mouth- 
DUM15nhA ^JuT ed, having two 

DUMtfNHf ^jS\ I mouths, (said 
DUMlJNHfN 55#J also of a fe- 
male snake having two mouths.) 

I^ tJ N tfi s. /. A valley, a tract of coun- 
try lying between two mountain ridges ; 


( 340 ) 


DUPUSTA 511113^1 a. Printed on 
DUPUSHTA^^y^grlboth sides :--d». 

pushtd kamdt v- ^ ^^ print on both 

DUR ^g intj. Stop! stand off! get away: 

— durdchdr,8.m. Misconduct: — durdchdrii 
s, m. A bad man: — durhacha^, 8. m. 
Bad words, abnse: — durbal, a. Weak, 
lean: — durhaltdi, 8, f. Weakness: — dur- 
hhdg, a. Unfortunate: — durhhdih s, m. 
Dishonour, affording neither honour nor 
profit : — dur dasdj disd, dur gait, 8. m. 
Deplorable or bad state, wretched con- 
dition : — dur dur ho^d, e. n. To be an 
object of scorn; a prefix: — dwr dur 
hamd, v. a. To drive or turn out 
(generally spoken to turn out dogs^ :— 
dur gandhy 8,f, Bad smell : — du/rjafk, 8, m. 
A bad man, an enemy : — dur labhh^ a. 
Not obtainable, impracticable, difficult 
to find ; precious : — -dur matt, dwrmatti, 
a., 8. m. Evil-minded ; foolish ; foolish- 
ness, folly. 

DU5 ^3 8, f. A wolf's den. 


o. Distant, far, remote; — 8» m. 

Distance i—dUr M», 8. /. A spy glass, 
a telescope: — d^r dhiydni, 8, m. One 
who possesses foresight, a prudent per- 
son : — dUr di 8ujjhf^{j v, n. To see a long 
way off; to think deep: — dil to^ dUr 
hofkdf kardef^d, v. n. To efface or banish 
from one's mind : — dUr ho, d4r hojd, 
intj. Off ! Begone ! — d^r hof^d, v. n. 
To be removed, to be remote, to be dis- 
pelled : — dUr kamd, v. a. To dispel, to 
avert, to dismiss, to turn out ; to con- 
ceal ; to abolish : — d4r rahif^d, v, n. To 
abhor, to shrink from, to recoil at : — 
dUr de dhol suJidut^e, lit Distant drums 
seem to be beautiful, t. e., the far off 
things are always seem to be good. 

DURAppA ^d» 9' od' -A.ta distance, 
a great way off. 

DURAOA ^ddl' »• '»»• See Dogld. 

DURAhA ^d'iP *• ^- ^ ^^ <^^^^- 

ing into two ; one who a^ts a double 
pi^, a man of duplicity. 

DITRAjf tfd'tft «. /. A double gov- 

ernment (as when a town is divided be* 
tween two independent powers) ; disunion, 

DITRAnA t^^i^i 8. m. A tree (Cratxgut 

ooByacantha) found commonly west of the 
Ravi. On the Chenab particularly the 
fruit is large and really decent eating. 

DURAUtirA igd'Qi* ». o. To repeat^ 

to re-duplicate, to answer, to talk back, 
to resist an order. 

DUIIAUNA ^^iQc^I v. a. To make run. 

DUpBA^Alsr ^^^fji e. m. (If.) A 

mound of earth, whether natural or 

DURE ^ intj. Begone ! get out ! {to 
a dog.) 



I 8. m., a. Dis- 
*- tanoe; distant, re- 
DUREpE t!d^ j ^ote, far off; ». q. 


DURESHTA ti^fld* *. wi. Is a tree 
{Medicago 8ativa,) 

DUROARf ^ddl'J] «• «*. This tree 

{Acacia stipulata) is handsome in appear- 
ance, and is seen in great abundance and 
luxuriance in portions of the Kangra 
Valley. The wood of the old tree in 
Kangra is stated to be brownish, soft, 
brittle, and light, and it is not valued, 
being used only for planks and other 
ordinary purposes. 


8. f. See Duf. 

Dt5?UA tf^ a> «• «*• Running; • 

DURf ^^ «•/• The two on dice. 


( 341 ) 


dttbkAnA ^dofW 

ditrkArnA gdcCdA' 

dubkAr s ATT5?A ^dot i dlfed ' j 

«• a. To driye or turn out ( a dog),* 
to dislionoiir, to disgrace, to scorn. 

DXJROHf ^difl «. /. Complaint, appeal, 
exclamation, wailing ; t. q. Buhii. 

DTJ5u ^^ $, m. Imprecation, a cnrse: — 

duT£ dufiH hofi^dy V, n. To be cursed: — 
duf4 duf4 karnd, v, a. To curse* 

DURUKA gdoTT I o. Haring 
DURUKHA 55f*f J two sides alike ;— 

f. m. A man that wears two faces, a 
man of double policy, a man of crooked 

DURU1|?B 5§^ *. m, (If.) A seam or 
suture of a garment, a crack, a crevice. 

DURXHJOA ^W «. m. This plant 

{Artemina elegans) has a very wide 
range of growth, being found up in the 
Himalaya, and abounding in many 
parts of the Panjab plains, especially in 
the arid desert tracts. The odour in 
brushing through masses of it is at times 
Tery powerful, and not unpleasant. The 
branches are officinal, their smoke being 
considered good for bums, and their in- 
fusion is given as depurative; i, q. 
CMkfi saroch. 

ptlS 97T 8, /. Stink, a strong pun- 
gent smell (as of rancid oil) ; c, to. 
iw&i and in the plural with nikkal 
jdx^ii.q. T^. 

DUSAk ^^fV3C )«. m, A double 

DUSAkA gWoP 3 relationship. 

DUSAlA ^JTOP \s.m. A pair of 
DUSHALLA gjjl^l ) shawls. 

DUSAlA gHW I a. Two years 


pTOST I a. ^ 
t;«"*b") old. 

-an, — 

DUSALLtf ^ife *• w. The other end 

or side : — dusalM nikal jdmi, v. n. To 
pass through and come out on the other 
side (as a spear or ball). 

DUSAndA ^71% l^.m. A decoc- 

DUSHAiSTDA 5B% I tion. 

DTJSAlSJGAS g ^ldi a) *. / A fork- 
DUSAlSraf gjngftj ed stick. 

DUSAR p^rg ^. ^. The other end or 

side i—dusir p4r hond, v. n. To pass 
through and out at the other side. 

DIJSARA ^irgr a. Second, other, an- 
other; *. q, IHijjd. 

DUSERA ^Pd' *. w. I A two seer 
DUSERf g^5./. 3 weight. 

DUSHAlA ^JkllM> 9.m, See Bushdlld. 

D^SHANA ga^T I «. m. A religious 
DuSAJTA 5^^^ 3 blame, a religions 

accusation or charge: — dUsha^id laggr^iy 
V. n. To be accused of a religious crime 
or sin. 

DUSHMAiJ 55M^| ..«./. An 


DUSMA^ 5^^^) enemy, a foe: 

— ddnnd dtuhmaii, *■ »». A wise enemy ; 
—jdnni dtuhman, ». m. A mortal enemy. 

DUSHMANAf f5rH3»^ 


DUSMANAlGf §7!WSlf^ 

DUSMA^rf §TW^ 


8. /. Animosity, hatred. 
DUSHT gJETJ a. Bad, wicked, depraved, 

low, profligate ; hard-hearted, obdurate; 
t. q, Dusf. 


( 342 ) 





8, f, A hard- 

$USKA(^A ^Hbltb* V. n. To sob, to 

V, a. To repeat, to redaj^oate, to reiter* 

ate. . -'^ 

puss ^ *. /. Glory, dignity, beauty 
of siiape or form; i. q. Luss, 

DtJsS ^ 8. f. A large shrub (Gole- 

hrookiu oppoiitifoUa) which occurs in the 
Siwalak tract, and in the Salt Range and 
Trans-Indus. Gunpowder charcoal is 
made from it, and its leaves are applied 
to wounds and bruises ; — A shrub EUTioU 
sda polystachya) found in the Pan jab 
Himalaya. To Itie south of Kashmir 
it is said to be used as a dye 

DUSSA ^TP s. m. (M.) A woollen 
blanket; t. q. Bhussd, 

DUSSAR ^TIH) *. w. The other end 
PUSSUR ^g I OT aide ; a seoond time ; 
Another turn. 


a. See Dtuht 

DUSTAR 15H33 a- Not procurable, 
proaured with difficulty. 

BUStf Tf ^H^ ) 8.m. A coarse 

DUStJTfA ^H^^fHT) cloth woven of 

two threads, a kind of coarse cloth used 
for tent irm.l<ing or other piirposes. 

DtJT ^g 8. m. A mediator; a go-be- 

tweon; an ambassador, a secret messen- 
ger, an emissary; an angel; an evil 
spirit :—^'am(24^, 8. m. Aii angel of 

DUTAHf §Hjft 8, /. A coarse cloth 

used to spread on bed or woim bj^ vil- 
lagers in winter, 

DUfAEK 5^or *. m. Cutting into two 

pieces : — dufakk ho^, v, n. To be sepa- 
rated or divided into two pieces: 
— ikiffakk kcumiy v, a. To ci|t into tiivo, to 
separate, to disjoin: — dufakkjatcdb defid^ 
v. a. To give a short or decisive answer, 
to settle a matter with a word, to cut 
the matter short, to give a flat denial. 

§t3d *• w. The ocean of this 


DUTArA ^grgi 8, m. A two-stdnged 
musical iiutramaat. 

DUTARFf 5BU^ «•» »• rn. Having 

two sides, two -aided ; two ndes. 

B, m. Animosity, ill- 


DtJTf A i^bw } 

ff. m. See IMt 

DUTKAR ^HoTO ) 8, m. Reproof, 
DUTKARf tJdo^^^ ) rebuke, snobb- 
ing, a curse ; i. q. Jktdkdr, 

DUTKARNA ^HofTHJST r. a. To re- 
buke, to reprove, to snub, to drive away 
(a dog) ; i,q. Durkdmd. 

DXJTT ^^3 «. m. A oompoimd letter; 
reproof; a messenger; a go-between. 

DUWALf xi^ \ i& 8. f. The etrap of a 
turner's lathe, a strap. 

E— (t) 

E ^ pron. This, these J — inter, O! (used 
in addressing one). 


( 348 ) 


BCHPEGH $hQb 8. m, CompK- 
cation, convolation ; difficulty; deceit. 

ED %S «. /. The heel ;—4 Uu^, v. a. 

To strike a horse'g sides with one*s 
heelfi, to spur a horse ; — a. See Aid^ 

EDA %^] 

* ^ w V a, SeeAid^. 

EDHAB $ira ad. See Aidhar. 


ad. Hence, from 
from this time. 





Aidon. ^ 


EGILBf B $fenS5^ «- m. 
caatnabina. See DarinkharL 

EH ^O jw-ott. Corrupted from the San- 

nkrit word Ikh, This, he, she, it, they, 


EHf M 
EHO ^ 

^^ t^ 


pron. Such like, this, the 
same, this Tery one, these 
very ones. 

ad. (Af.) Of this kind, 

like this, such as this : — eijhdn ham 
kaJiea kite. Has any one done such a 
deed ajB this ? 




A small tree 
(Andromeda ovali- 

folia) abundant in many parts of the 
Panjab Himalaya. The seeds and young 
leaves ai'e poisonous to cattle, and to goatp 
in the spring months only. The wood is 
soft and weak, and used for fuel and 
charcoal only. 

EIN $ft;A s, m. A fine tall nettle 

(TJriica heterophyUa) with immense leaves 
and a vigorous sting, which is not un- 
common in many places of the Panjab 
Himalaya. Its stems are often employed 
for making twine and ropes by the dry 
piooess, but they. >pe(rish ^ qtiiokly from 

EK ^ a. aoelJdc 

EKA $on s. m. The figure (1), a unit:— 
ekd eklj ad. Suddenly, all at once, quickly. 

EKADSHf 2f<X«t:*n 1 «. /. Corrupted 
KKADSf $cTCjft ^from the San- 
EKATSf $olT3lft J skritwordm^ia- 

shi. The eleventh day of lunar month 
on which the Hindtis generally keep 
fast; i. q. AkddH, Akdtsi. 

EKAGAR ^oC^dld a. Attentive, 

absorbed in meditation, oonceintrated 
(mind) i—ekdgar chiff, s. m. A ooaoentrat- 
ed mind; i. q. Akdgar. 

EKALBfR ^oraS^ s. m. A plant 

(Verhascumi ThapBus) not unoommenin 
the plains. It is eaten by camels and 
goats. In Bissahir the root is given as 
a febrifuge. 

EKAM ^oTK «. /. The first day of the 
Hindti fortnight. 

ekamkAr toTWra 

EKANKAE ^^ara ) from the San. 

skrit word Onghdr The mystic name of 
God. It is used at the beginning of pray- 
ers and holy recitations, and also at the 
beginning of writing and respectful 
salutations; t. q. Ch^Jcdr. 

EKAnT ^ora a., 8. m. flecludod, 

retired, private, lonely, solitary, single; 
seclusicm, retirement, isolation, soKtude, 
loneliness ; c. to. hohai^htiSy rahifid ; i. q, 

EKKA ^ o(' 8. m. Union, agreemeirt, 

SI^L PmIMi 8. m. See EUan. 


ELCHf $^t3i '• ''^' ^^ envoy, deK- 
gate, ambassador. 

ELON §^ 8,f. A vegetable eaten bx 

poor peQple. 


( M* ) 


See Aindn, 

ELtJA $?5W «• ^' Aloes. 

ELWA $35^ «• '^' A plant (.IZa |wr- 
folicUa) occasionally cultivated by faqirs 
throughout the Panjab plains. The pulp 
of the leaves (after removing their skin) 
is eaten by poor people and in famines. 
It is also applied to boils, and is used in 
veterinary medicine. 

EnA %7? I ^ 

EISTDRA §\jd' «• ^- A fine large clim- 
ber (Hiptage Madahlota) with handsome 
flowers found at low elevations in the 
hills up to near the Indus. 

ElJpWf $^3^ «• /• A hoop-shaped 

mat or cushion, made of cord or cloth, 
and placed on the crown of the head, by 
those who carry burdens, especially by 
those who carry vessels of water on their 
heads ; a circular mat placed under a 
hukkd ; i. q. Unn4, Inn4. 

f 8. m. 

See Elian. 

1 8, m. 
r) cake of 


ernA $d<9 

ERNA GOHA $dA'd?0> ) cake of cow- 
dung as found in its natural state. 

ESAR §ira «• '^' A species (Buhtu 
TotundifoUwi) with yellow fruit. 

ETHE $q ad. Here. 

ETIBAR vPd^'d 8. m. Corrupted 

from the Arabic word Etehdr, Confi- 
dence, trust, belief, faith; respect, 
character, regard, consideration : — etthdr 
jdnde rahitkd, v. a. To lose one's cre- 
dit; c. w. kamd, rakkhikd : — he etthdr, a, 
XJncredible, unreliable. See he-athdr 
in Athdr : — hanne sawdndfi ddjliefd, etihdr 
hare Icehfd, Who can believe that the 
neighbours will continue to fight ; t. q, 
Athdr, Ithdr. 

BTIBArI f^d^l^ a. Trustworthy, 

credible, confidential, responsible :—5e 

etihdrt, a. Having no confidence or 
having no belief or faith. 

ETNA $d<SI a. SeeAitnd. 

ETTA $ d^ a. So much, ihignniclx; no 

many : — Sdwa^ haM ekddshi, Jefh Hohni 
ho, ettd samd prekhye man hdnchhat phaZ 
ho. Understand that the more the star 
Bohni shows 1 1th dark hall of Sdtoa^^ 
the more there will be produce to 
delight your heart; i. g. Aiti^d, 

F— («) 

FACHCH ^B a. Very old, very weak. 

FAG ^rgi 8. /• The fruit of the PAo^- 
wdrd tree ; dim. of the month Phaggaf^. 

FAatJ ^[igj ) s, m. This fruit 

FAGtJRf ^IdlcO ) (^^W5w carrica, Ficus 

caricoides) is not uncommonly cultivated 
in gardens in the Panjab plains. The fruit 
is eaten by the people ; t. q. Fha.gwdfd» 

FAHAM ^UK 9.m. (A.) Sense, un- 
derstanding, intelligence. 

FAIDA M^ *• '"^^ Corrupted from the 
Arabic word Frfe<ia^ Advantage, benefit, 
interest ; outturn, yield ; value ; service, 
use; moral, inference, result ; — ad. Worth- 
lessly, in vain, uselessly :—/awiccirfr, a. 
Good, advantageous: — Jeih di dhupp 
fdededdr, Sdwaf^ di dhupp 8utte sdf. The 
sun in Jeth does good to the crops, the 
sun in Sawaifi parches and bums them up: 
— hefaiddy a. Worthless, unserviceable, 
unavailing, unad visible ; needless, ab- 
surd. See Birthdj Bekdr in Be. 

FAIJ ^fT 8. m. Corrupted from the 

Arabic word Faix. Plenty, abundance, 
profit, kindness, generosity, liberality, 
bounty, charity: — faij hakhsh, faij mandj 
a. Kind, generous liberal, bountiful. 

FAIL (535 *• *»• Corruption of the 
English word Fire. Discharge, volley ; 
time or turn for the discharge of 8emen: 
—fail ufhdur^d, v. a. To have sexual 
inteitx>ur8e with. 



( ^ ) 



FAILSiJf l|35HS «. m. A boaster, 

& fop ; an artf al person, an impostor ; an 
extravagant person. 

FAILSt^Ff fjSg^ s, /. A boast, 
deception, cheating ; extravagance. 

FAHJ §5 5, yi Foam^ frotb, scam* 

FAINT #^J 8. /. The lap; a belt, a 

FAIIJTA ^^8.f, A small turban. 

FAIR ^9 *./. Corruption of the English 

word Fire. Fire, discharge, volley: 
^air kami, v, a. To fire» to discharge, 
to shoot. 

FAISLA ^TTTST *. m. Adjudication, 

arbitration, judicial determination, dis- 
posal of a case, decision, judgment; 
settlement, adjustment of an account; 
determination, arrangement : — dkhirfais- 
Id, 8, tn. Final decision or judgment ; 
e. t0. ho^.kamd; i. q. Phainald. 

FAJAL ^^[?S «• /• Corrupted from 

the Arabic word FazaL Bounty, grace : 
—fajal karndf v. o. To show mercy, 
to be bountiful :—/a;aZ Mauld, mihar 
AUah, Grace of the Almighty Father 
and mercy of Grod be with you. A cry of 
Muhammadan faqirs when they go to 
beg from house to house. 

FAJ AL ^ifHM a. Corrupted from the 

Arabic word Fdisil. Accomplished, pro- 
ficient, perfect ; an accomplished person, 
a scholar. 

^AJAR ^tT3 s, f. Morning: — wa4^i 
hjar, 8, m. Early in the morning. 

FAjfHAT ^tflOti s. / Corrupted 

from the Arabic word Fazihat Disgrace, 
ignominy, infamy; quarrel; c. w, hofki, 

^^KfR ^Sft^ 8. m. Corrupted from 
the Arabic word Faqir, Poor or penni- 

less ; a beggar; a mendicant, a devoted, 
Afaqir:— fakir dost, 8, m. A friend of 

FAKfRf IgoM*./. Corruption of the 

Arabic word faqM. Poverty, beggary ; 
the life or state of a faqir ; — a. Of or 
relating to Afaqlr, 

TAKtRJSt ^oHadl B.f. The female 
relating to faqir. 

PAKKA ^lof' 8.m. Corrupted from the 

Arabic word Fiqah. Abstinence from 
food, starvation. 

FAL ^|(2i^ 8. w. (P.) An omen, an 

augury, a presage, bibliomancy, a divina- 
tion : — fdl pdufta, V. a« To cause events to 
be foretold, 

FALAK ^SSoT s. m. Sky; the highest 
authority, a great helper. 

FALAljf QCO'cS *• ^- Corrupted from 

the Arabic word Fuld^. Membrum 
virile, penis ; pudendum (abusive): — falift 
ihok, s, m. The generative organs of 
both sexeSk 

FALA^TA ^^1(^1 s. m. "I Such a one, 

FALA^jf y^l<*n 8. f a c erta i n 

FALANNA ST55T75T 8. m. ^person; 

FALANNI ^35n^ «• /..Jsttch (a 
person, place, or thing*) 

falAsbA ^g35nT^ I /?. w. A c o m- 

FALASF^ ^^Ij^^l ) pound of dif. 

ferent medicines pounded together and 
sold by native grocers. 

FALASStJ y<S6W 8.m. See DMfaras. 

fALSA "gTJjjrn 8. m. The name of a 

tree bearing a stone fruit, also a sub-acid 
fruit (Orewia Asiatica.) 

FALSH ri^'iji s. w. See BMfa/ras. 




*( 346 ) 


^ VkhTiSl iA^hd a- Spare, BxirpliiB, ex« 
tra; an nnemplojed person. 

FALtJDDA ^^ti' 8. m. Cormpiion of 

the Persian wor7jF(iW<ia^. A preparation 
of rice much eaten by people ; a Und of 
flummery made of fUshdstd. 

FALtJnA ^MJI $. m. The fmit of 
the Fihd tree. Also see FhaHhd. 

PALtfS "SWn ) 8. m. 

FANtJs "^311 ) from the Persian 

word FdnHs. A glass shade. 

WASJL '^^1 oy, «. m. Passed away, de- 
parted, extinct, dead^, destruction, death: 
— fani kojitiii u. n. To be destroyed, 
to be mined ; to pass away, to J^erish, 
^ vaaish^, to die, to expire. 

FAl^D %^ 8.m. SeePha^ 

V&Nf ^1^ a. Transitory, fleeting; 
mortal, perishable. 

FARAHIJ^A ^d'O^I V. a. To throttle, 

to ensnare 7 to hang, to suspend, to let 
•down by a rope. 

PARAK QOO( <• vt. Corrupted form the 

Arabic word Farq. Distance ; difference ; 
defect, vice: — farakiwf^iyfarakijdni, v. n. 
To deteric^te, to go back:— /arA; Aotii, v. «• 
To be diSfr nt, to differ :-^ldn wichch 
fork dufidj v. a. To hare a misunder- 
standing : — fardk kamd, v, a. To sepa- 
rate ; to discriminate; to change, to 
vary : — farak kaddhdd, v, a. To find out 
or make out the difference: — farak ndl^ 
ad. Apart, at a distance : — farak paii^df 
V. n. To differ, to be discordant; to 
have a misunderstanding. 

FARAk! ^d'od 8. f. A circingle, a 

FARAKKA "Sf^on «• tyi. Clearing up 

of the sky, shining out of the sun on a 
rainy da^ ; drying of the ground, clothes 

after rain ; a drill for boring iron^ 
— farakkd hoiad, laggfti^ v, n. To become 
6tj ; i. q, Pharkd. 

FARATSTG ^^d1 «• -»». Oormprted from 

the English word Frank. Europe, 
France, England. 


fara^gg! ^QjQ 

8, m. ) 

A Euro- 

an EngUsh man or woman. 
FARAl^Slsi ^d'*fl*(l B, m. A French. 

FARAl?'? lg%^ a. Corrupted from 

the English word Front. Rebellions, 
opposing; angry, affronted. 


/ 8. 49t. 

) d< 

A pavement, anj 
doth spread out on tha 

ground, a carpet ; a tree (Populu8 
e. w, 'hof^df kamd* 

1 *. m. 

) pit 

One who 
ekes tenia, 

farAs ^3^ 

FARASH ^rgqj 

spreads carpets, carries an umbrella ;^ a 
fine tree (Tamarix orientalis) :'-fardsh 
khdnd, «. m. A room where carpetB, 
tents are kept. 

FARASGfRf €a'*1otlJl "1 8.f The 

FARASHGfRf ^UngralMt I business 

FARAsf ^grjft I of a 

FARASHf ^ ^ i jJI I Fardsk 

FARASItJlgr ^d'fVlQS 9. «. The 
leaves of a species {Salvia lanata!) 

FAR AST ^gTI3».i». The name of a tree 

{Pojmlu8 nigra), whichis commonly pi ant- 
ed in Kashmir and on the Chenab and the 
Sutlej. It is occasionally seen in the 
plains. The celebrated poplar avenue close 
to Srinagar is probably one of the finest 
things of its kinds in the world- It 
is perfectly straight, a row of trees on 


( ^^ ) 


each side of a le^el road more (Shan a 
mile long. liff bark is officinal in; the 
plains, an ark being extracted fn^n it, 
which ia considered depnrative; i, q, 

FARAtA 'gUT^I rv m. The sonnd of 

anything mshing or fluttering in the air, 
a msk, a pnff. 

(dialect of the Simla hills) : — in^ 
hanajf farishtd kheH. Making a bar*- 
gain bj means of a messenger, is (like^ 
getting jonr)' field CTsdtiyated bj a ser- 

PARAIUST 'fg^'S «• ^- Corrupted from 

the Arabic word FiraHh^. Pharoah ; a 
prondf arrogant person, a despot. 

FABD ^^tf 8. m, A single one 

imit ; one (of a pair of shawls) 
bit ; roll : — fard lagdu^i, r. a. To frame 
charge under the Indian Penal Code : 
—fard lagffti4^ r. n. The framing of the 
charge under the I. P. Code. 



m. Fraud, de- 

FABJAljnD ^ofTt: «• i»- Corruption of 
the Persian word Farzaifd, A son. 

FARKHATI 1;t;3>4^ s. /. Corrupted 

from the Arabic word Fdrkhati. A deed 
of release or discharge, a written acquit- 
tance, a deed of dissolution of partner- 

j'^fTARMA ^<3iH^ t. w». Corrupted from 

the English word Form. Forms, proof 

parmAis ^UWrfejT 
farmAish ^gwteir 



FARFEJAy ^d$tfA /• 

/. I a. Frau- 


m. Idulent, 


PARI A I) Igfennfe*./. Corrupted from 

Persian word Farydd. A complaint, suit, 
char^ ; a cry for help : c. w, kami. See 




8. m. A Muhammadan 

saint '.—faHd Uti, s, f, A medicinal herb 
\Ooceulu8 villo8U8, Fa/r8eti4 Edgeuxyrthii,) 

FARIST ^f^firg *. /. Corruption of 
the Persian word FehrUt. A list, a table. 

^^RISTA ^PdHd» )^.m. Corrupted 

^^ISHTA Igt^lETHTJ from the Persian 
^^Farishtah, An angel; a servant 


tion of the 

Persian word Farmdycuh, Order or com* 
mission (for goods), a requisition; recom- 
mendation :--/arm<ii9^ Idw^i^ V. a. To 
make recommendation i—farmduh laggi^^ 
tf. a. To be recommended. 

FARMAti^ ^^M^S 9, m. A mandate, 
an edict, a charter. 

farmAnA ^gww > V. a. To 

PARMAUSA ^aW§^ ) instruct, to 

tell, to desire, to require, to bespeak (a 

faro! ^^ «. m. (If.) Miscellaneous 

fines : — farol kardtod, 8, m. A fine 
levied by the watchman engaged to 
watch the crop while ripening on cattle 

PARRATTA ^dr<il 8. m. The sound 

of anything rushing or fluttering in the 
air, a, rush, a pufF ; t . q. Fordid. 

FARRi ^ci '• ''^' ^ ^"^^ (Qrewia eUuHca) 

found in Salt Range, Swalik tract and 
below Kangra. Its timber is said to be 
very strong and elastic. The fruit is 


( 348 ) 


PARSf ^d^) O" Belonging to a 

PARSHI ^^j^ j floor or a carpet : 

— farslii saldm, s. w. A very low bow, a 
protracted saldm. 

PARSf "gtgift 8. m. The Persian langu- 
age : — parhe Fdrst weche tel eh wekho kar- 
fnin de khel, (If any one) learns the 
Persian language and sells oil ; behold the 
mysteries of fate. — Prov. used in con- 
tempt of those who being scholars of 
the Persian language engage themselves 
in shop-keeping. 

FARW ^d^ srn. A grass {Bigitaria 
sanguinalia.) See Khabhhal. 

FARWA ^d^> s.m, A tree like fir 
tree {Tamartx orientaUs.) 

FASAD iSWti 8. /. Oncbreak, dis- 
sension, ferment ; intrigue ; — fasdd di 
jaf, fasdd dd m4l, s. f. m. lit Matter or 
cause of dispute ; a lomentor of disturb- 
ance. See Danggd, 

FASADf ^7?'^ a. Mischievous, 
ous ; factious. See Danggai, 


FASAL ^7T?^ *. w. Corruption of the 

Arabic word Fcul. Season, harvest, 
reaping season, crops : — jamin wdhiydn, 
fasal gahiydn, jdfi ndhdiydn. Ploughing 
(is good) for the land, threshing for 
the com, washing for the body. 

PASALf e^Mt) a. Belonging to the 

FASLf ^7T9^ ; harvest, or season : 

— faslt haferdf s. m, lit, A partridge of 
harvest ; a man coming at a time to 
serve his own selfish ends, mercenary. 

FAST ^H3 8. m. Corrupted from 

the Persian word Fasad. Opening a 
vein, bleeding: — fctst kholn^d^ v, a. To 
bleed : — fast khulaur^di hhulwdufkd, v, a. 
To cause to be bled. 


fAtiA ^gifew 

/ S. 191. 

3 th 

Corrupted from 
the Arabic word 

Fdtiah, The opening SHrat or chapter 
of the Qurdn being read for the benefit 
of dying Muhammadans ;—fdtu£ dend, 
V. n. To make offerinn to saints with 
-pT&jeTs :—fdtd pafh^J^ v. n. To read 
prayers over the dead. 

PAT A (6i> I s. in. Victory, success : 

FATAH ^f3U ) — himma^ agge fatah naj- 

dik. Success is not far from enterprize, 
i.e.y success in due to enterprize ; c. ir. 
hof^i, karnt' 

PATOKAE 9sJo{d 9. m. (M.) A plant 

which grows in the hot weather. Its leaves 
are used by bald persons as the hair re- 
storer, and are also good for boils. 

FATWA Cd^l 5.m. The written 

verdict of the Kuhammadan Law officer 
of a court, according to the Shard ; c. fr. 

FAXJJ ^f7 s. m. A troop, an army : 

— faujddr^ $. m. lit. A commander of the 
Military Force under the Muhara- 
madan Government; a criminal judge 
or magistrate ; an elephant driver ; 
— faujdari, s, f The office or rank of 
a commander of an army ; the office 
of a criminal judge, the criminal 
court ; a criminal case, a criminal 
offence; violence, injury : — fauj ddri 
kami, v. a. To commit an assault or 
criminal offence : — faujddri wichch pha- 
sdfLdi v.n. To be prosecuted criminally: 
— fauj wichch hharti ho^d^ v, n. To be 
enlisted: — faujddri addkU^ $. f. The 
criminal court. 

FAUjf §?ft 8. w. Military ; military 
officer or man. 

PAIHI ^3 «• ^- Boasting ; deceit, false- 

FAUT §3 8. w. J)esitli :—fatit ho^ 
V. n. To die, to part with this life. 

fautInAmA SrflAW 8' '^' ^ ^^ 

• eument reporting the death of the incum- 
bent and the name of the heir ; a certi- 
' ficate of death. 


( 349 ) 


FI ^I 8, m. Flaw, defect, fault ; c. w, 
kaddh^iy nikkaloi. 

FIJt^L (^^M a. Corrupted from the 

Arabic -word. FuzHl, Worthless, use- 
less, absurd, nonsense. 

FIKA |^o(> 8. m. Corruption of the 

Arabic word Fiqah, The Muhammadan 
ecclesiastical law. 

FIKAR f^o(d *• ^« Care, anxiety, 

thougbt, reflection, consideration ; solici- 
tude : — hefikaTf o. Without forethought ; 
a thoughtless, heedless, careless per- 
son : — hefihri, s. f. Thoaghtlessness, free- 
dom from anxiety, carelessness. 

Ff M -^tW «• /. See Aftm, 

FINDAK f^^oT s. ». A small tree 

{Gorylus Columd) common in some parts 
of the banks of rivers in the Pan jab Hi- 
mialaya. The nuts are small, but fairly- 
good, are largely eaten by the people. 
The nuts are common in drug seller's 
shops beiDg considered tonic. 

FIRAK feU'Sr 8. m. Corruption of 

the Arabic word Firdq. Separation; 
anxiety, care. 

FIRAUiir si^S «• ^- See FaraHn^ 

FISAlH?f (^n^Q^ 8. m. A shrub 

(HaTniltonta suaveolens) which is common 
at places in the Pan jab Himalaya up to 
near the Indus. Its wood is very small, 
hut in Chamba it is said to be used for 
making gun-powder charcoal 

FflAH ^!huI 

8. m. Tape, ribbon. 

8. m. 

A plant (Pra7igo8 pahularia) found in 
Kashmir or Ladakh. Its root if rubbed 
on itch cures the disease. It is an offici- 
nal, and used an aphrodisiac. 

FTJArA 'gWB' 8. m. Corrupted from 

the Arabic word Fawwdrah. A foun- 


8, m. See Farmdf^, 
8. f. Corrupted from 

the Arabic word Fur sat. Leisure, re- 
covery ; power, position ; good condition 
after poverty ; c. w, dei^iy miVni. 

G-Oi, '^) 

GA ^|i/t*/. The sign of the future tense; 
will, shall. 

GAB 01 1^1 8, m. A tree (J)io8pyro8 

emhryopterU.) Its bark is said to be 
used in intermittent fevers. 

GAbA gi^gr ,. m. ')(M.) The calf 

GABf gir^ 8, /. 3 of a cow while 

GABAJ Ol^ti ct. Corrupted from the 

Arabic word Qazah. Splendid, dazzl- 
ing, beautiful, unique ; harmful ; — e. m. 
Wrath, anger ; a calamity ; c. w. kamd. 

GABArA Ol^^d'* «• ^- Corrupted from 

the Arabic word'9^^<^^^^* A balloon, a 
fire-balloon; a bomb ; a mortar. 

GABA9 CHAUTH grg^ §^| s. f. 

GABA5 GAW graSF ^1 Con- 
fusion ; mess. 

gAba? GAUNJA WE[S ^W 8, m. 

Vague random speaking, indefinite un- 
meaning language. 

GABBAR Ol^Cf tt- Rich, prosperous; 
proud, haughty. 

GABBH "gig 8. m. A foetus, p r e g- 

nancy : — gabhh chhax^ jdud, v, a. To 
suffer abortion ; i. q. Qarhh, 


( 350 ) 


OABBHA "^fSt 8. m. Thb midst ; vulva, 

_ pudendum mulibere ; — (Af.) A young 

GABBHAJT gfSS a. Pregnant (ap- 
plied generally to animals.) 

OABBHE ^"^ ad. In the midst ; in 

OABH 01 > 9 «• '^^ Pregnancy, a footns. 

GABBHRtJ dr^d"! «. w. A young 

GABBRtJ ^rirarHj man; a young 
husband, a husband. 

GABHLA dIsIM' a. The second of 
three, in the middle place, medial. 

qabhbed HfW^sr 

gabhredA dlsld^ 

gashreta ai^9^» 

gIbhrotA di^d<i ' 

GABHRtJ d l ^^ 

gabhrtJt dl^d<ij 

GABJI distil «• wi* Corruption of 


the Arabic word Oazabi, An opposer, 
a firebrand. 

GAGH dHti' ^- /• A piece of earth 

digging rdtmd a young tree for plant- 
ing it in andth^r place ; a kind of cloth. 

GACHA dlWd' *• ^* C^^') The cluster 
of leaves at the top of a date-palm. 
Inside the Odchd is the terminal cab- 
bage-like cluster of edible leaves called 

GACHA^dHtJ^ *• /• A kind of 

j«llow clay used for plastering a wooden 
Blate on which the Persian Alphabet is 
written as a practice by beginners. 

GACHGH ^^ 8. m. Cement, mortar 

made with lime, plaster, old mortar, 
mud ; a bite ; anger, wrath : — gachch 
chafh^d, i3, n. To be enraged ; 
to insist : — gachch hof^d, v, n. To 
be drunk : — gachch kamd, Idui^dy v. a. 
To plaster, to cause to adhere, to attach, 
to stuff together, to fill (canvass with 
embroidery) : — gachch mdmd, v, n. To 
bite ; to lessen anger : — gachch pachch, o. 
Coming together confusedly (as a mob); 
crowded, stuffed together, close, thick. 

GACHCHAL ^B75 «/. A bread, a bit 
of bread (in contempt). 

GACBf W^ s,f. Biting, a bite, tak- 

ing a portion of a thing- by biting ; a 
cake of anything such as soap ; a 
piece of earth as much is dug* at one 
time round a young tree for plcoiting it 
in another place. 

GAD gn^ 8, m. Sediment. 

GAD A dit;' ». i». A beggar ; begging; 
r. w. karni. 

gadA BI^ 

) 8, m. (M".) 
j armful of 

A he-ass; an 
grass, straw. 

wood; an itch of sheep. Sheep are 
washed with a decoction of ukhAi^ leaves 
and sajji ; sweet oil or 8ajH mixed with oow- 
dung is rubbed over thBm : — gajfid chhof 
tawJbele hadhe, ghdh ^hiendi ghori. The 
ass is tied in the stable; the mare 
fetches fodder for it, t.e^ wise men work 
hard and fools sit idle. — Prov. ; *. ^f. 

GADA^J gig^ r. n. (M.) To mix, 

as curds with water ; to plant, to sow. 
In the sense of to sow it is used in the 
north of Multan, and rahdwan and rdhan 
in the south. 

GADAR di'dd ». /. White and red 
wheat mixed together. 

GApAutjA di^'Oc 

GApAWAt? dl^ l ^^ 
to set, to fix; to cause to be set, buried. 

7 V. o. To drive 
) in, to bury, 


< 351 ) 


OADD BT^ «. /• Oorrapted feom the 

Sanskrit word Ood, The lap ; a blister : 
— ^odd ehafhiu^ or uthdufid^ v. a. To 
raise a blister: — gadd chofht^dy uUh^y v. n. 
To rise (a blister) : — gadd Idunil v. a. To 
apply (a blister) :-^add pduot, v. n. To 
put presents (sweetmeat, or money) in 
the lap of a bride or any other woman at 
the time of marriage or other joyful 

fJADD dl9 »• /• A cart .-—ga^ wad^^ 
<L Poured togeth^, confused, promis- 


OAppA ^9T «. m. A large cart ; a 

handful of small sticks of ptlehhi used 
for kin d ling fire, especially in Lahore. 

GADDA gj^ 8. m. Date-palm, date 
tree {Fhcsnix dactylifera) ; i. q, Khaj4r, 

GADDA^r dftJi «. /• A female of Gaddt 

Half ripe 

GADDAB gfeB ) «, 

gaddarA gregr | 

OADDAN gfer ,. «. pi Asses: 

—^adddn khote deiE^e, «t. a. (lit To give 
asses); to abuse one : — gadddn khafi^ s. /. 
(lit, taken by asses.) An abuse {to a 
woman) .—gadddn gdhi dd, a. Plentiful, 
many ; cheap ; easily to be got. 

GADDHf gnft 8. /. (If.) The seat of 
the driver of an ox in an oil-press ; t. a, 

(^HKQdrU. ^ 


A cushion, a pad, a 
a throne, the seat of 

a leading /ogtr or stdM {mahaait)^ a seat 
of shop-keepers where they sell things ; a 
pad used at the time of the menses ; a caste 
^^ Khairis wbo g3n«rally live in moun- 
tains, typical man of remoter hills, a Hin- 
du shepherd ;— *. /. (jBT.) A sheep ; man's 
load of rice in straw : — gaddi te haifhaifidf 
*• n. To ascend the throne : — gcutdi te 
mhdutid, V. n. To instal a Kng: 

— gaddl to9 utdmd, v. a. Tb dethrone : 
— gaddi mifkrd bhold, mdnge top dendd 
chold. The gaddi is an awkward friend, 
ask him for a cap and he gives yon a coat : 
— gaddi Hangar, 8. m. This plant {Ghenopo^ 
dium, 8p.) is cultivated in the Panjab 
Himalaya up to the Ravi. The leaves 
are eaten as a pot-herb on the Sutlej, 
but the plant is chiefiy oulti rated for itp 
grain, which is considered better than 

a add! gi^ > 5. /. Corrupted from the 

OAppf gfl^) Sanskrit word Gantari. 

A cart, a carriage, a wheeled conveyance ; 
a train, a railway train : — gaddihdWt 
gaddiwdfkj 8, m. A coachman :^ga444 
chaUr^d, chatdut^d, v. n. To drive a 
cart :— gaddi chhutt^, v, n. To start (a 
train) :-~cWA; gaddi, «. /. Mail train : 
— gaddi hakkf^d, v, n. To drive a cart : 
—^addi kaftejdn^dy katf^d, v. n. To be cut 
off (a carriage of a train) : — gaddi jot^d^ 
V, n. To yoke horses or buUooks to a 
conveyance: — m4l ga^ii, s. /. Goods 

GAppi?A dr^^e' ^' n. Corruption of 
the Sanskrit word OaH. To fix, to pitch, 
to set ; to sow, to plant ; to bury, to in- 
ter, to lay in grave, to drive downc 
--^ Present participle: gadde; Futu'w: gad4e 
gd ; Past participle : goMid : —ga^de Mag- 
har Poh hi p4rd nd ho. If sown in Mag^ 
har or Poh, even the seed sown will not 
be (obtained) full. 

dl ^ ) «. m. Corrupted from 
oF^ j *^e Sanskrit word 

Oardahh, An ass : — gaddon dd^d, gaddo^ 
dhdfid, 8. m. A kind of boil on the back 
and neck, carbuncle: — gaddon lAurki^ 
8,f. Asses' rubbing their sides together, 
rubbing together like asses; render- 
ing mutual favours, doing a fevoor 
with the hope of getting as much again, 
showing kindness from selfish motives; 
c. w. kami. 


8, m, A t h i o k 

gadelA BF§7P 

quilt or mattress stuffed with cotton, 
a thick bedding, a cushion. 



( 352 ) 


dhdk in Bhaul. 

8. m. See Bhaul 

GAD GAD gre ^I^ cid* Very, a 

great deal : — gad gad parsaf^ ho^di v. n. 
To be yery happy. 

GADHA ^[tp 8, Trt. Corruption of the 

Sanskrit word Oardhah, An ass, a 
donkey ; met. a fool, a stnpid, simple- 
ton : — Ardki nUn 8ainat gadhe n4n sottd, 
A hint is enough to an Ardki horse, but 
a stick for a donkey, i. e., a hint is 
enough for a wise man and a corporal 
punishment for a fool. 

GADHA ginjT ,. m. (M,) The driv- 
ing-beam of a sugar-press to which the 
bullocks are yoked. 

GADHf 01 41 '• /• ^ she-ass ; a 

worm : — gadhi chunghii^dy v, n. (lit. to 
suck the milk of a she-ass). To smoke, 
(a word of contempt used by Nihangs 
towards those who smoke) : — hafi kheti 
kamddd^ gadhi la^gge tdi^ Iwwe harbddi. 
Sugarcane is a great crop, if gadhi 
attacks it, it is ruined. 

(M.) The long 
board on which 

GADHf ginft 
gAdhI w^ 

the driver of a Persian-wheel sits and 
to which the oxen are yoked : — khuh tedie 
di koi gddhi ukdnhdi ; taUar nd toaidm, 
Odmand y4r, tedi hdi^h sirdndi. Your 
well has a driving-board of tamarisk 
wood, Gdman love, I will not forget 
how your arm was my pillow. — Song ; 
i. q. Qdfhi. 

GADHtJl!? ^T^ B.m. (If.) An ass. 

GAdI dPtfl »• /• ^ ^**' * throne ; 
i, q. Qdfhiy QaddL 

GADf GAljIDOLf gi^ ^2^ «• /• 
(JT.) Luffa. 

GADIiS^H dl^Vj «• /• (M) ^ Bhe^ass. 

GApfRA dl^dl 1 

GADIRAH ^sOdU y^'^* Agocart. 

GADfRNA dl^dA' 

GADKA Bl^Sf *. i». A wooden sword 
used in fencing ; i. q. Oatkd. 

GADKtJjf cJ|lt!^t4) «. in. A moder- 
ate sized tree (Pyrus varioln8a\ occasion- 
ally found in most parts of the Panjab 
Himalaya up to the Indus. The timber 
is tolerably strong, and is used for im- 
plements, and walking-sticks. The fruit 
is harsh and bitter until half rotten, 
like a medlar, when it is eatable. 

GAD jA dlS^i t?. a. To be set, to be 

firmly fixed, to be rendered firm, to be 
drawn down, to be buried. See Oaddx^d. 

") a. 

GADRA Olt^d' ^ <*• Of various colours 

GADRtJ dltf^ ) (cattle, horse) ; 

— #. m. (Af.) A kind of snake covered 
with spots. 


8. f, A hard lump 

formed in the flesh, a glandular swelling ; 
Tiiet. a worthless fellow. 

glandular swelling ; met. a worthless 
person, one of seditious temper. 

GADWA dldsfl B. w. Corrupted from 

the Sanskrit word Oad^k. A drinking 
vessel made of brass ; t. q, Oafwd, 

GApWAf dld^^ 8.m. A servant in 

personal attendance who hands his mas* 
ter the gadwd to drink out of, and ren- 
ders a variety of services ; i. q, Gapoai. 

GADWAf dlsT^I^ *. /. Compensation 
for fixing, settling. 


< 858 ) 


GADWASSAL gre^T|?5 s. m. A 

slender-leaved species (Allium ruhellunn) 
which is common in the N. W. Panjab 
including the Salt Range, and in the 
Siwalik tract, east to near the Sutlej. In 
most places the root is eaten raw or 

GADWf ^^*i\s,f. Dim. of €h4u>4; 
». q. Oafwi. 



a. Thick, close-woven, 

GAfaL oi^CM «. Corrupted from the 

Arabic word Qdfil. Careless, indiffer- 
ent, negligent, remiss. 

GAfALA <i|iQM* *• w- Corrupted from 
the Arabic word Qdflah, A caravan, a 
body of travellers, traders. 

GAFALf dll^^l «./. Corruption of 

the Arabic word Qaflai, Carelessness, 
^^gligence, remissness. 

GAGA^ dldl£ «. w. The sky, the 

firmament, the heavens ; upper part 
of the head in the language of the Jogis: 
— S^o^o© damdmmdj s. m. {lit the drum 
of the heavenly thunder.) A large kettle- 
dram, esijecially of Fir Nagdhd, See 

^^GAR dHdld } *. /. w. A metallic 
GAGARf dHdiJI ) water vessel i—gd- 

garJcandf s, m. A very spinous plant 
{Astragalus muUiceps) with yellow flowers, 
Bomewhat resembling gorse. It is at 
times eaten by cattle, and in the Salt 
^ange the calyces, which have a sweetish 
Veaaant taste, are eaten; on the Chenab 
the seeds are given for colic. 

GAGA^f gngr^«. /. Akindofvege- 
table, an esculent root. 

^AGA^PU^lA dldlf^HS^ *. m. The 

business of a leecher. 

^AGOA gran #. m. The 8th letter (BT) 
of the Ourmukhi alphabet. 

GAGGlJ grai s.m. A kind of cake. 

GAGHIR gpfUig s, /. (M,) a • metal 

water-pitcher in use among Hindus : — sit 
te gdghir, mej,e ilidk te ghafd ; raham ni 
dyo, Odmand ydr^ kef he weU dd khafd. 
A gdghir on my head and a ghard on 
my hip, Qdman love, have you no pity ? 
What a time I have been waiting. — Song. 

GAGLA dHdlffil '.m. A kind of 

GAGli dl^dl^ s. m. A plant {Arum 

Oolocasia^ Dolichos jjuniflortu) which ia 
very oommonly cultivated in the plains 
by people for its root, which they are 
fond of. Its leaves likewise are at times 
eaten ; i, q. Kachdl4, 

C^AG^A dldl?^! s. m. 

GAGgAy didlgjd './. 

GAG5f grai^ s.f. ^ 

GAG?epunA d l dl^ H^ 

business of a leecher. 
GAH gnu ) «. m. Threshing^grain 

A low caste 
of Muham- 
madans, a 

8, Wf 


) witl 

GAHA gnjT 3 with oxen, treading 

out com : — gdh dmd, v. n. lit. To see 
places and come back; to visit many 
places: — gdh laifid, gdh pdund, v. a. To 
thresh (grain) with oxen : — kar wdh tdn 
lain gdh. Plough and you will thresh : 
—rdh rahafk te gdh gahifi. When roads 
remain (untravelled), then threshing 
(grain) is done. — Prov. spoken of the 
intense heat of the sun. 

GAHA grar I 8. m. Taking a thing 

GAhA dl*0' ) forcibly as compen- 
sation for what is due, seizing and 
holding under restraint persons or pro- 
perty belonging to a debtor, in order to 
compel payment ; detaining the person 
or property of any one on account of a 
debt due from a third person (generally 
practised bv people in the Sikh reign) ; 
t. g. Oahid ; c. w, harnd. 


< S54 ) 



GAHAf VUJI^O «•/• Threshing, tread* 
ing out corn ; wages for threshing. 

GAHAK dl'OoC ^. w. )Corrupt- 
CIAHAKNI gnUoR^*. /. ) edfrom 

the Sanskrit word OardhaJe. A pur- 
chaser ; a seeker. 

OAHAKf OMVJO(| *./. Sale, purchasing, 
transaction, demand. 

GAHAL ^[U95 *. m. (If.) A fool, a 

stupid person ; pi, gahlen : — sau Mnen 
d4 hikhd mcUt^ gaMen M dpo dpf^i. A 
hundred wise men have the same opinion, 
but fools have every one his own. 

G AHA^? dJIOd »• «*• ^ ford» fording : 
— gdhaf^ langhr^d, v, n. To ford. 

GAhA^ ^PvI^ 8. m. A collection of 

people, a crowd, a mass, thickness : 
— gdhaf rruicht^i, paif^i. The coming to- 
gether of a crowd : — gdhaf vnchch hofid, 
V. n. To be surrounded by a collection 
of people. 

GAHAR di'dd 8. m. {K.) The sides of 

the high Himalaya as seen from the upper 
limits of forests down to the grazing 
ground about the highest villages; a 
sheep run. 

GAHAU cJIvJiQ «• w. Threshing ; t. q, 
Gdh, GaU. ^ 

GAHAUtjA gRpQ^T V. a. To cause 

to be trodden (grain) with oxen, to thresh 
with oxen. 

GAHDf dl'Otfl ; 8. f. The seat occu- 


GAnpf j| I J^ ) pied by a driver of 

oxen, when drawing water from a well, 
turning a sugar-mill. 

GAHERA ^idU^ »• m. (M.) The driver 

of bullocks treading out com in the 

GAHI "giftj «./. The handle or hilt 

of a sword, a handle, a clutch ; — «. m. {K,) 
A recess, or shelf in a wall ; u q. Aid : 
— gahi he mamd^ v. a. To die after fight- 
ing hardly. 

GAHiA Blftpff *• ^- See Giihi. 

gahimA gahim gifbw dlQjM ) 

GAHIMO GAHIM giftjij ^iftlH ) 

8, m. A crowd, a stir, bustle, com- 

GAHIIJ diRiC *• •»• Seizure, laying 
hold of ; an eclipse ; t. q» Garahi^. 

GAHIMA BfftlS^ «• ^- Jewels, orna- 
ments ; a pawn, a pledge ; — u. a. To take, 
to seize, to lay hold of, to grasp: 
— gahifke pdwtkdj v. a. To mort^^age, to 

GAHIR dlilld «• /• I^^B*» darkness, 
cloudiness, haziness; dimness (in the 

GAHIRA diRjdl a- I^ar^i ^^^^J' 

deep, of a deep colour, rolled, turbid, 
muddy, misty, hazy ; inflammed or red 
(as the eyes or the mind.) 

GAHIRAU dl(ljd"9 «• w». Depth, deep- 
ness, roundness, darkness, haziness. 

gahirAu^A dlRjd'Qs^ ^- «■ T^ 

become deep and muddy ; to be dusty. 

GAHLA dMdd6> '• *». A ^^ch of cot- 
ton (as it bursts from the pod, or comes 
loose and light from the hand of the 
cleaner.) • 

GAHLA? dPdMcf «-^- Corrupted from 
the Sanskrit word Kdlkd, A squirrel ; 
a large species of Uzard that has a habit 
of inflating its cheeks; met, spoken 
also of a man whose face is not very fat 
and full ; t. q. Gdlhaf. 


See Oahimd Oahim. 


( 355 > 


GAH^A dlOd' «• ^- See Oahifid. 

GAHNA BnU(2?r. a. To thresh, to 

tread oat, (grain), to tread xmder foot ; to 
travel about in (a country) ; to try, to 

GAH^IA oMOv^' ^mV- ^- Thick ; close, 
dense ; intimate ; a coarse Indian doth ; 
i. q, Odrhd. 

GkBj6 cJPd 9. m. One that treads out 
(grain) with oxen ; one that seizes. 

GAI dl>lc *. /• A cow ; t. g. Gi^. 
GAIB ^t| 5. m. Absence, invisibility, 

concealment ; — a. Corrupted from the 
Arabic word Qdih, Concealed, hidden, 
invisible, lost, mysterious. 

gaibA gt^ 8 
GAiBf gh^ 


8, 191. 

One whose 
parentage is 

not known ; 

one who works wonders by secret 
means : — gaibi gold, «. m. lit. A con- 
cealed shot ; one whose father is not 
known, an illegitimate son. 

GAf G AWATf dl^dl^ ' J] a. Lost 
and gone, stolen. 

OAlK "Onfeof 8. m. Corruption of the 

Sanskrit word Gdyak, A singer, song- 

GAfKARNf dl^otdc^ v,a. To over- 

look, to pass over (a fault) ; to fail to 
^ do, to neglect. 

GAIL "3135 «• /• Accompanying, fol- 
lowing ; — ^ep. With, along with, after ; 
— od. In company with : — gait chhu^d- 
«9^, V, n. To get rid of company : 
"-gail gujdri^ 8. /. Getting rid of com- 
pany, (spoken in the west.) 

GIILA * dPUSM" «• ^- ^ great gain, a 
great advantage, profit, use. 

GAI^T dl'lC<£ 8. m. Music, song ; a 
female singer. 

GAf^J gjT^ 9.f, A cow; t.g. Gdir 

GAUirA Bte^ '• »»• } A species of small 

cattle ; a dwarf. 

GAiisrpA gfgr 

GAii?pf gj"^ 

t^ r m.^ A rhi 
^ 8. f. ) the 

mocerofl ; 


(Tagete8 ereda) of which strings of flowers 
are often hung up at shrines. 

GAUjTDHLA gJTRST a. (Pot) Turbid, 
muddy, defiled; t. q. Oahirdj Ga/i^ld. 

GAIB ^1^ a., 8. m. Corrupted from 

the Arabic word Qair, Other, foreign, 
strange ; precarious, bad ; a foreigner, 
stranger : — gair hdjaa-, a. Absent : — gair 
Tidjari, 8. /. Absence, non-attendance, 

GAIB AT didd '- /• Shame, modesty, 

bashfulness; a nice sense of honour, 

GAIRATA^ dtddd /.|a.Modest, 

GAIRATf Brast ''"" J having a nice 
sense of honour, jealous. 

GAITARf didcft |». /. Corrupted 

GAITRf g|^ 3 from the San- 

skrit word GdycUri, A sacred verse 
from the Yedas repeated as a prayer by 
Brahmins with the rosary. 

GAJ difi 8. m. An elephant ; (corrup- 
tion of the Persian word Gaz) ; a yard, 
a yard measure; an iron bar, a ram- 
rod, a rammer ; the bow of a fiddle : 
— gajchdl, 8. /. The gait of an elephant, 
a lubberly gait : — gajddiki *• ^' The 
gift of an elephant, — gaj dand, gai 
dcMtf 8. m. Ivory : — gaj gdh, 8. f. A 
fly brush or whisk made of the tail 
of the Thibetan oz, or other animal : 


( 85< ) 


— ^a; gamani, s, /. A woman who walks 
like an elephant with a stately step : 
— gaj ka/mdy phemdj v. a. To measure 
(cloth) ; to ram or clean (a gun), to 
clean the stem of a imqqd : — lamharl gaj^ 
8. m. The Government yard of 36 
inches : — gajmoH, s, m. A large pearl 
fabled to come out of the head of the 
white elephant : — gajpdl, 8, m. The 
keeper of an elephant i-^ajpcU, gajpaH^ 
8, m. The owner of an elephant; a 
Bdjd : — gaJTdj^ 8. m. The king of ele- 
phants (fablod among the Hindus) ; a 
first-rate elephant, a very fine large ele- 
phant : — gajreldi ^ nt. A dish made of 

OAJA diti' «• '»»• Corrupted from the 

Persian word Oaddi, Begging, living 
on charity ; c. w. kami. 

GAJA d|f*|l 8, f. Corrupted form the 
Arabic word Qazd. Food, aliment, diet. 

GAJAB 0lt1<| «• /• Corrupted from the 

Arabic word Qazah. Anger, wrath ; cala- 
mity; a wonderful act: — gajah kamd^ 
mdrndy v. a. To inflict judgment; to 
persecute, to injure ; to perform a great 
feat ; t. q. Qahaj. 

OAJAJSf dlti^ 9. m. Corrupted from 

the Arabic word Qaahi. A great trans- 
gressor, one who perpetrates extraordi- 
nary crimes, one who performs wonder- 
ful feats. 

GAJAI dltlicl *• ^- ^ bracelet, a 
bracelet made of lac ; t. q. Oajrd. 

GAJAL "STFTB «• /• Striking of a bell 

more than is necessary: it is done when 
striking 8, 12, and 4 o'clock ; an order : 
— gajal weld^ 8. w. Early in the morn- 
ing, 4 A. M. 

GAJA^f 'dH<5 V' «• C^) Corrupted 
from the Sanskrit word Oajan, To roar, 
to thunder. 

GAJAnA gi'flW I prep. With the 
GAJANB 'dltfl^ 3 measure of yards. 

GA J AB dl'fid «• /• P^ gdjardn} A carrot 

{Daucus carota) cultivated extensively for 
the root in many parts of the Panjab 
plains, and towards the west often given 
to horses, as a strengthening diet. In 
villages and even in towns men, women 
and children eat it with great relish. 
The seeds are officinal, being oonfiidered 
aphrodisiac, and also g^ven in uterine 
pains: — pahdfi gdja/r, 8, /. Eryngium 
planum: — miUi gdjar, 8. f, Ut. A radish 
and a carrot; met, a worthless stuff. 

G AJAUN A dltflQd' «^- a- To c a u B e 

to roar, to cause to thunder ; to speak, to 
sound; to advance greatly, to exalt a 
person : — fatah gajduf^d^ v, a. To sound 
victory; to bid adieu; to Bay good 
bye ; a Sikh term exchanged at the time 
of meeting or departing of two men. 

GAJI dPtil 8. m. Corrupted from the 

Arabic word QdH, A brave man ; a 
Muhammadan who is victorious over 
infidels, hence a title of such a Muham- 
madan: — gdji mardy 8. m. lit, A hero; 
met a horse : — mare tdn eakid, mdrs 
tan gdji, A martyr if killed, a gdji if 
he kills. 

GA J JA BA J JA grnFT ^HRT *. tn. In- 
strumental music, the sound of several 
musical instruments together. 

GAJJAK dltio( 8, m. A sweetmeat 

made of sesamum, guf or sugar ; — (IT.) 
Vermicelli of chand flour fried in oil or 

GAJJA^jrA ^ffl^l V. a. To roar, to 

GAJJ^A ^Iff^) thunder. Present 

participle : gajjdd ; Futwre : gojjegi ; 
Pa8t participle : gajjid : — jehfe gajjde /ta» 
uh ioarhde nahin. Those (clouds) which 
thunder do not rain. — Prov. used of thoso 
persons who brag and do not do any prac- 
tical work. 

OAJPf PAL BTTniKj35 9. m. A tree 
(Abies Smithiana) found in many parts 
of the Panjab Himalaya. The timber is 
soft and light, often with much sAp* 
wood, and the fibres are frequently 



( S57 ) 


twisted. Its frait (PhitUago major) is 
officinal in the Panjab and is considered 
in the Hindi syBtem to be stimnlant, 
warm and tonic. 

GAJRA difid' '• wi. An ornament 

woom on the wrist made of gold, silver 
or of flowers, a kind of bracelet. 

GAKA? laiora) 9. /. (If.) A fruit- 
OABLiT "gioT?; ^i(m%\ i. q. Oifak, 

GAKHNA giTl:(5f V. o. To bear, to 

suffer ; to experience, to try, to examine, 
to become nsed to ; to become agi'eeable 

&AKKHA9 "SlVf^ f . m. The name of 

a subordinate caste of EdjpiitSf now 
mostly Mnhammadans. 

GAKKHf "StqT «./• Embracing, clench- 
ing 9 c. IT. gJicUttid ; i. q. Oalakhfi, 

6AKRA dl'0(d''-^- A slender straggl- 
ing thorny plant (Solanum graeilijpes) 
found Trans-Indus, in the Salt Range, 
and as far cast as Lahore and Mont- 
gomery. In some places the small fruit 
is eaten ; in others it is said to be collect- 
ed by Hakims to be applied in otitis. 
Its leaves are also officinal. 

GAL dIM *• *'*• The neck, the throat ; 
(Z.) goiter, a plant {Penniaetum Itali- 
cum) ; *. q. Kai