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Pocket Dictionary 










Digitized by Google 

i(j />j . Si^<i ^ * ^ 

Copyright, 1872, by Brewer and Tileston 

Copyright, 1877, by J. B. Lippincott & Ca 

Copyright, 1904, by J. B. Lippincott Company 

Copyright, 1910, by J. B. Lippincott Company 

Copyright, 1911, by J. B. Lippincott Company 

Electrotyped and printed by 
J, B. Lippincott Company, Philadelphia, U.S.A. 

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Foreign Words and Phrases 1 

Abbreviations 14 

Rules for Spelling 22 

Dictionary 25 

Appendix — Table op Moneys, Weights and 
Measures, Statistics, etc., and other Useful 
Information 329 

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a as in ale 
& as in and 
a as in arm 
e as in be 
S as in end 
e as in her 
I as in ice 
I as in ill 
o as in old 

5 as in on 

u as in use * 

il as in up 
55 as in ooze 
66 as in good 
ow as in cow 
th as in thin 
th as in then 
zh as the z in azure 



for Adjective. 


for Plural. 


*• Adjectives. 


" Participial adjec- 


" Adverb. 



*' Conjunction. 


" Preposition. 


" Imperfect tense. 


" Pronoun. 


" Interjection. 


" Singular. 


" Noun. 


" Verb. 


*' Nouns. 


" Verb active. 


" Participle. 


*• Verb neuter. 

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THIS Pocket Dictionary of the English Language has 
been prepared on a plan essentially approved by Dr. 
Worcester shortly before the close of his labors. At that 
time some specimen pages were set up, and the present 
compiler had begun to prepare the manuscript of the work. 
Dr. Worcester's death caused the task to be deferred till a 
recent date. 

It will be seen that the Vocabulary contains a large num- 
ber of words. They are such as will be most frequently 
looked for in a work of this kind. 

It has not been deemed necessary to insert the simplest 
derivative words, such as adverbs in ly^ nouns in ness, &c. 

In order to introduce into the Vocabulary a larger amount 
of matter, many words appear without definitions ; but in 
all such cases, when a word stands after another with no 
meaning given, the meaning can be formed easily from that 
of the word which stands first in the paragraph. This mode 
has been adopted by some English lexicographers, most 
notably by Mr. Hyde Clarke. 

Sometimes after the root -word or leading word only the 

end syllable or syllables of other words belonging to that 

root are given. In such cases a hyphen precedes the end 

- syllable or syllables, and denotes, without exception, that 

the leading word is to be prefixed, as 

Allow', v.a. to permit, grant : -able, ti. : -ftllCe, n. 

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These are to he read, 

Allow', v.a. to permit, to grant. 

AllOW'&ble, a- that may be permitted or granted. 

AUOW'ance, «. that which is permitted or granted. 

Syllables which are difficult of pronunciation have been 
respelled. The marked letters which have been used, and 
their sounds, are shown in the following words : — 

ale, eat, Ice, Old, use, OOze, good, and, fend, 
111, 6n, tip, arm, her. In the respelling, 07v is 
sounded as in cow; th (italicized) as in then^ th 
(unitalicized) as in thin. 

The Tables at the end of the book will be found to add 
greatly to the usefulness of the work. 

L. J. C. 


a. stands for Adjective. 

^a. sta 


sr Participial ad- 



















Imperfect tense. 




Verb active and 















Verb active. 






Verb neuter. 




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L. Latin; Gr. Greek; G. German; Fr. French; It. Italian; 
Sp. Spanish; Pg. Portuguese. 

Ab initio. IL.J From the be- 

Ab urbe condita. [L.] Froin 
the building of the city — i. e. 

Accoucheuse. [Fr.] Midwife. 

Ad astra. [L.] To the stars. 

Ad captandum vulgus. [L.] 
To captivate the populace. 

Ad eundem gradum. [L.] To 
the same grade. 

Adfinem. {L.J To the end. 

Ad infinitum. (L.J To infin 

Admterim. [L.] Meanwhile. 
Ad libitum. [L.] At pleasure. 
Ad nauseam usque. [L.] To 

nausea even. 
Ad referendum. |L.] For 

further consideration. 
Ad valorem. {L.l According 

to the value. 
iBquo animo. [L.] With equa- 
Affaire d'amour. [Fr.] Love 

Affaire d'honneur. [Fr.) Af 

fair of honor. 
Affaire du coeur. [Fr.] Affair 

of the heart. 

A fortiori. [L.] With stronger 

Agenda. [L.] Things to l>e 

Agnus Dei. [L.] Lamb of 

Al'abandon. [Fr.] At ran- 

A la bonne heure. [Fr.] In 
the nick of time. 

A la carte. [Fr.J According 
to the bill of fare; with 
charge for separate dishes 

A la Fran^aise. [Fr.] After 
the French manner. 

A la mode. [Fr.] In the fash- 

Alamort. [Fr.] To the 

AFAnglaise. [Fr.] After the 
English manner. 

Allons. [Fr.] Let us go. 

Alma mater. [L.] Kind 

Alter ego. [L.] Other self. 

Alter idem. [L.] Another ex- 
actly similar. 

Amende honorable. [Fr.] Re- 
paration or apology. 


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A mensa et thoro. [L.] From 
bed and board. 

Amicus curiflB. (L.] A friend 
of the court. 

Amor patriflB. (L.l Patriot- 

Amour propre. [Fr.] Self-love. 

Anglice. [L.J In English. 
Anno Christi. " ' ' 
of Christ. 

. [L.] In the year 

Anno Domini. [L.] In the 

year of our Lord. 
Annomundi. (L.l In the year 

of the worid. 
Antebellum. [L.] Before the 

Ante meridiem. [L.] Before 

A posteriori. [L.) From the 

effect to the cause. 
Appui. jFrJ Point of support. 
A priori. [L.] From the cause 

to the effect. 
A propos. (Fr.) To the point. 
Aquafortis. [L.] Nitncacid 
Aquavitse. [L.] Brandy. 
Arg:umentum ad hominem, 

[L.] An argument to the 

Arrectis auribus. [L.] With 

listening ears. 
Assumpsit. (L.) He assumed. 
Au courant. (Fr.) Well in 

formed; conversant. 
Audi alteram partem. [L.] 

Hear the other side. 
Aufait. (Fr.) SkUful: expert. 
Auf wiedersehen. [G.] Till 

we meet again; adieu. 
Au pis aller. [Fr.l At the 

Aureste. [Fr.] As for the rest 
Au revoir. [Fr.] Till we meet 

again; adieu. 

Aut Caesar, aut nullus. [L.) 
Either Csesar or nobody. 

Auto da f^. [Pg., ad cf/aith.] 
A sentence of the Inquisition 
for burning a heretic. 

A vinculo matrimonii. [L.| 
From the bond of matri- 

Avotresant^. [Fr.] To your 


Badinage. [Fr.] Playful dis- 
course; joking. 

Bas bleu. [Fr.] Blue-stock- 
ing; a literary woman. 

Beau id^. [Fr.] Imaginary 
excellence; ideal of excel- 

Beaumonde. [Fr.l The gay, 
fashionable world. 

Beaux esprits. [Fr.] Men of 

Ben trovato. [It.] Well in- 

B4te noir. [Fr.] A bugbear. 

Bijou. [Fr.l A jewel; trinket. 

Billet doux. [Fr.] A love- 

Bizarre. [Fr.l Odd; fantastic. 

Blase. [Fr.] Sated with pleas- 

Bona fide. [L] In good faith. 

Bon-bon. [Fr.] A sugar-plum. 

Bon gre. [Fr.] With a good 

Bon gre, mal gr^. [Fr.] Will- 
ing or unwilling. 

Bonhomie. [Fr.] Good-nat- 
ured simplicity. 

Bon jour. [Fr.] Good-day. 

Bonmarche. [Fr.] Good bar- 
gain, low price. 

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Bon mot. [Fr.] Witty saving. 

Bonne. [Fr.J Nurse, maid. 

Bonne bouche. [Fr.] Choice 

Bon ton. [Fr.] Fashionable 

Bouillon. (Fr.) Broth, soup. 

Boulevard. (Fr.) A broad 
promenade or street. 

Bourgeois. (FrJ A citizen. 

Bourgeoisie. [Fr.] The mid 
die classes of society. 

Bourse. [Fr.] Exchange where 
brokers, &c., meet. 

Brochette. [Fr.] A skewer. 

Brutum fulmen. [L.] A harm- 
less thunderbolt. 

Cabochon. [Fr.l A gem in 
rounded form without facets. 

Cache. [Fr.] A hole dug to 
conceal goods. 

Cacoethes loquendi. [L.] A 
rage for speaking. 

Cacoethes scribendi. [L.] A 
rage for writing. 

Cseteris paribus. [L.] Other 
things being equal. 

Caf^. [Fr.] Coffee; restaurant, 
refreshment room. 

Cafe au lait. [Fr.] Coffee 
with milk. 

Caf^ chantant. [Fr.] A pub- 
lic refreshment-place where 
singing is a feature. 

Cafe noir. [Fr.J Black coffee. 

Campus Martius. [L.] Place 
for military exercises. 

Canaille. [Fr.] The rabble. 

Capias. [L.] You shall take. 

Caput mortuum. [L.] Worth- 
less residue. 

Carent. [L.] They are want- 

Caret. [L.] It is wanting. 

Carpe diem. [L.] Seize the 

Carte. [Fr.] Card, bill of fare. 

Carte blanche. [Fr.] Blank 
paper to be filled up as one 

Carte de visite. [Fr.] Visiting 
card; small photograph. 

Casserole. [Fr.] A stew-pan; 
dish in which food is cooked 
and served. 

Casus belli. [L.] A cause for 

Caveat emptor. [L.J Let the 
buyer beware. 

Ce n^est que le premier pas 
qui coiite. [Fr.] It is only 
the first step which costs. 

Certiorari. [L.] To be made 
more certain. 

Champs Elysees. [Fr.] Ely- 
sian fidds. 

Charge d'affaires. [Fr.] Sub- 
ordmate diplomatic agent. 

Chef-d'oeuvre. [Fr.] A mas- 

Ch^re amie. [Fr.] Dear friend; 

Ci-devant. [Fr.] Former. 

Citoyen. [Fr.] Citizen. 

Cognovit. [L.] He acknowl- 

Coiffeur. [Fr.] A hair-dresser. 

Comme il faut. [Fr.] As it 
should be. 

Compos mentis. [L.] Of 
sound mind. 

Con amore. [It.] With love. 

Concierge. [Fr.] A janitor. 

Confr^e. [Fr.] A brother; 

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Contrm bonos mores. [L.]{ D 

Against good morals. 
Contretempe. [Fr.] Mishap. Data. [L.] Things granted; 
Conversazione. |It.] A meet- premises. 

ing of company. i De facto. (L.) In reality. 

Coram judice. [L.) Before De gustibus non disputan- 

the judge. 

Cordon sanitaire. [Fr.] A 
line of guards against con- 
tagion, &c. 

Corps diplomatique. (Fr.) A 
diplomatic body. 

Corpus delicti. jL.) The sub 
stance of the offence. 

Corrigenda. [L.] Words to be 

dum. IL.J There is no dis- 
puting about tastes. 

Dei gratia. [L.] By the grace 
of God. 

Deiure. (L.] By right. 

Delicatessen. (G.) Table 

Demi-monde. [Fr.J De- 
praved females. 

Demi-tasse. (Fr.] A small 

Couleur de rose. (Fr.] Rose, cup, as for black coffee. 

color; flattering hue. iDe mortuis nil nisi bonum. 

Coup de gr&ce. [Fr.) A fin-j fL.] About the dead nothing 

ishing stroke. but good. 

Coup <fe main. |Fr.] A sud- Denouement. [Fr.j The end- 
den, bold stroke. { ing. 
Coup de soleil. [Fr.] Sun- iDe novo. [L.] Anew. 

stroke. iDeovolente. (L.l God being 

Coup d'etat. (Fr.l A stroke of 1 willing. 

statecraft. I De profundis. [L.j Out of the 

Coup d'oBil. [Fr.] Glance, depths. 

view. iDerigueur. (Fr.) Rigorously 

Crevasse. (Fr.] A crevice or required, indispensable. 

fissure. J Dernier ressort. (Fr.) A last 

Crux criticonun. [L.] Thei resort. 

Ijuzzle of critics. i Desideratum. (L.j A thing 

Cui bono? JL.) For whose to be desired. 

benefit? of what use? IDe trop. (Fr.) Too much or 

Cuisine. (Fr.) Kitchen; cook-' many. 

ery. Deus vobiscum. (L.] God be 

Cul de sac. (Fr.l Street or with you. 

alley with no outlet. Dictum. (L.j A positive as- 

Cum grano salis. (L.j With sertion: pi. dicta. 

a grain of salt. Dies irse. (L.) Day of wrath. 

Currente calamo. (L.] With Dieu defend le droit. (Fr.| 

a running pen. | God defends the right. 

Custos rotulorum. (L.| The Dieu et mon droit. [Fr.] God 

keeper of the rolls. and my right. 

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Dii peiutes. [L.] Household 

Disjecta membra. [L.] Scat- 
tered limbs. 

Distingue. (Fr.J Distin 

Distrait. (Fr.] Absent- 

Dolce far niente. [It.] Sweet 

Dominus vobbcum. [L.] The 
Lord be with you. 

Double entendre. [Fr.] Doub- 
le meaning. 

Douceur. [Fr.] A bribe, tip. 

Dramatis personse. [L.] 
Characters of the drama. 

Dulce domum. [L.] Sweet 

Dulce et decorum est pro 
patria mori. [L.] It is 
sweet and honorable to die 
for one's country. 

Dum vivimus, vivamus. [L.] 
While we live, let us live. 

Durante vita. [L.] During 

Eau de cologne. [Fr.] Co- 

Eaudevie. [Fr.] Brandy. 

Ecce homo. [L.] Behold the 
man, — applied to a picture 
of Christ. 

B contra. [L.] On the other 

Elite. [Fr.] The choice part. 

Embonpoint. [Fr.] Plump- 

Emeute. [Fr.] A riot. 

Enceinte. [Fr.] With child. 

En d^shabill^. [Fr.] In un- 
dress or home dress. 

Enfants perdus. [Fr.] Lost 
children; a forlorn hope. 

En masse. [Fr.] In a mass. 

En passant. [Fr.] In passing. 

En route. [Fr.J On the way. 

Entente cordiale. [Fr.) Cord- 
ial understanding. 

Entree. [Fr.] Entrance; a 
made dish served between 
the principal courses. 

Entremets. [Fr.J Dainties 
between the courses. 

Entre nous. [Fr.] Between 

Entrepot. [Fr.] A warehouse. 

E pluribus unum. [L.] One 
of many, — motto of the U. S. 

Ergo. [L.J Therefore. 

Errare humanum est. [L.) 
To err is human. 

Esprit de corps. [Fr.] The 
spirit of a body of troops. &c- 

Esto perpetua. [L.J Let it be 

Etcsetera. [L.] And the rest. 

Eureka! [Gr.] I have found it. 

Exanimo. [L.j Heartily. 

Ex cathedra. (L.J From the 
chair j from high authority. 

Excelsior. [L.] Higher. 

Excerpta. [L.] Extracts. 

Ex curia. |L.| Out of court. 

Ex dono. [L.] By the gift of. 

Exempli gratia. [L.] For ex- 

Exeunt onmes. [L.] All go 

Ex officio. [L.J By virtue of 
his ofifice. 

Ex parte. [L.J On one part 
or side. 

Expos^. [Fr.] An exposition. 

Ex post facto. [L.| After the 
deed is done. 

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Facile princeps. [L.] The 
admitted chief. 

Fac totum. [L.J Do every- 
thing; a man of all work. 

Fait accompli. [Fr.] A thing 
already done. 

Fantasia. [It.] (Music.) A 
fantastical air. 

Faux pas. [Fr.] A false step. 

Fecit. [L.l He made or did It. 

Felo de se. [L.] A suicide. 

Femme couverte. [Fr.) A 
married woman. 

Femme de chambre. [Fr.] 

Femme sole. [Fr.] An un- 
married woman. 

F«te. [Fr.] A feast, festal day. 

F4te champfttre. [Fr.] An 
outdoor festival. 

Feuilleton. [Fr.] A small leaf, 
newspaper supplement. 

Fiacre. [Fr.] A cab. 

Fiat justitia, mat caelum. 
[L.] Let justice be done 
though the heavens fall. 

Fidei defensor. [L.] De- 
fender of the faith. 

Fidus Achates. [L.] Faithful 
Achates, true friend. 

Fieri facias. [L.] You shall 
cause to be done. 

Filet. [Fr.l Tenderloin. 

Filius nullius. [L.l A son of 
nobody, a bastard. 

Fille de chambre. [Fr.] A 

Fille de joie. [Fr.] A prosti- 

Flagrante delicto. |L.] In 
the actual commission of the 

Frappe. [Fr.] Chilled with ice. 
Fugit hora. [L.] The hour 

Fuit Ilium. [L.J Troy has 


Galilee. [L.] In French. 

Garden. [Fr.] Boy or waiter. 

Genms loci. [L.] The genius 
of the place. 

Gens d'armes. [Fr.] Armed 

Gentilhomme. [Fr.] Gentle- 

Gloria in excelsis. [L.] Glo- 
ry in the highest. 

Gloria Patri. [L.] Glory be 
to the Father. 

Gnothi seauton. [Gr.] Know 

Grisette. [Fr.] Aworlc-girl. 

Habeas corpus. [L.] You 

may have the body. 
Hauteur. [Fr.] Haughtiness, 
Hicetubique. [L.] Here and 

Hie jacet. [L.] Here lies. 
Hoc loco. [L.] In this place. 
Hoc tempore. [L.] At this 

Hoipolloi. IGr.] The many. 
Homme d'esprit. [Fr.] A 

man of wit or genius. 
Honi soit qui mal y pense. 

[Fr.] Evil be to him who evil 

Honorarium. [L.] A fee. 
Hors de combat. [Fr.] Not 

in a condition to fight. 

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HortttS siccus. [L.] A dry 
gsu-den, — a collection of 
dried plants. 

Hdtcl de villc. (Fr.J Town- 

HMel Dieu. (Fr.] A hospital. 

Ibidem. [L.] In the same 

place, — often contracted to 

Ichdien. [G-l I serve. 
Idem. (L.) The same. 
Id est. [L.j That is. 
Id genus omne. {L.] All of 

that kind. 
Ignis fatuus. [L.] Will-o' 

the-wisp; a deceiving light. 
Imprimatur. (L.J Let it be 

Improwisatore. [It.] A poet 

who extemporizes verses: 

fern, improvvisatrice. 
In sternum. [L.] Forever, 
Inamorato, fit.l A lover. 
In articulo mortis. [L.] At 

the point of death. 
In capite. [L.] In chief. 
In curia. [L.] In court. 
In esse. pL.] In being. 
In eztenso. [L.] At full 

In extremis. (L.) At the 

point of death. 
Infanta. [Sp.&Pg.] Aprin 

cess of Spain or Portug^. 
Infante. [Sp. & Pg.] Any 

prince of Spain or Portugal 

except the heir-apparent. 
In futuro. (L.) In future. 
Ingenue. [Fr.] An artless girl. 
In limine. [L.] At the thresh 


In loco. [L.] In the proper 

In loco parentis. [L.] In 
place of a parent. 

In medias res. [L.] Into the 
midst of affairs. 

Inmcmoriam. (L.] In mem- 

In nubibus. [L.] In the 

In pace. [L.] In peace. 

In posse. [L.] In possibility. 

In propria persona. [L.] In 

In puris naturalibus. [L.] 
Stark naked. 

In re. [L.l In the affair. 

In situ. [L.] In the situation. 

In statu quo. [L.] In the 
former state. 

Inter alia. [L.] Among other 

Inter nos. [L.] Between our- 

In terrorem. [L.] In terror. 

Inter se. [L.] Among them- 

In toto. [L.] In the whole. 

In transitu. [L.] In the pas- 

In vacuo. [L.] In an empty 

In vino Veritas. [L.] In wine 
there b truth. 

Ipse dixit. [L.] He himself 
said it. 

Ipsissima verba. [L.] The 
very words. 

Ipso facto. (L.] By the act it- 

Ipso jure. [L.] By the law it- 

Italice. [L.l In Italian. 
Item. [L.] Also. 

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Je ne sais quoi. [Fr.] I know 
not what. 

Jeudemots. (FrJ A play up- 
on words. 

Jeu d'esprit. [Fr.] A witti- 

Jupiter tonans. (L.J Jove 
the Thunderer. 

Jure divino. [L.] By divine 

Jure humano. (L.j By hu- 
man law. 

Jus civile. [L.J The civil law 

Jus gentium. [L.J Law of 

Juste milieu. [Fr.J The gold 
en mean. 

Labor omnia vincit. [L.j 

Labor conquers all things. 
Lapsus calami. (L.J Slip of 

the pen. 
Lapsus linguae. [L.j Slip of 

the tongue. 
Lares etpenates. [L.J House- 
hold gods; home. 
Largo, largnetto. (It.J (Mu 

sic.) Terms denoting a slow 

LatisDeo. [LJ Praise to God. 
Lazzaronl. [It.J Beggars of 

Lettre de cachet. JFr.J Sealed 

letter; warrant of arrest. 
Lex loci. [L.J Law of the 

Lex non scripta. [L.J The 

unwritten or common law. 
Lex scripta. [L.l The written 

or statute law. 

LextaUonis. [L.J The law of 

Lex terr«B. [L.J Law of the 

Liaison. [Fr.J An amour. 
Libretto. (ItJ A litUe book. 
Lingerie. [Fr.J Body-linen; 

garments of linen, cotton, 

lace, &c. 
Lite pendente. [L.j A suit 

Literatim. [LJ Literally. 
Litterateur. [Fr.J A literary 


Locum tenens. (L.J A sub- 
stitute, a proj^. 
Locus in quo. [L.J The place 

in which. 
Locus sigilli. [L.J The place 

of the seal. 
Lusus nature. [L.J A freak 

of nature; a monster. 

Ma ch^e. [Fr.J My dear [to 
a womanj. 

Mademoiselle. [Fr.J A miss; 
a young girl. 

Magna Charta. [L.| The 
great charter of English lib- 

Magnum bonum. (L.J A 
great good. 

Magnum optis. [L.J A great 

Maltre dlidtel. [Fr.J A stew- 

Mai k propos. [Fr.J Unsea- 

Mahim in se. [L.J A thing 
wrong in itself. 

Mandamus. [L.] We com< 
mand, — a writ. 

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apottt. [L.] Delirium 

Materia medica. [L.] Sub 

stances used in medicine. 
Mauvaise honte. [Fr.] False 

Melange. (Fr.) A mixture. 
Ii616e. [Fr.] A fray; a fight. 
Memento mori. (L.] Be 

mindful of death. 
Memorabilia. [L.] Things to 

be remembered. 
Mens Sana in corpore sano. 

(L.) A sound mind in a 

sound body. 
Menu. [Fr.] AbUloffare. 
Mesalliance. [Fr.] A marry 

ing below one's self. 
Meum et tuum. [L.] Mine 

and thine. 
MirabUe dictu. [L.] Wonder 

ful to relate. 
Mittimus. [L.l We send —a 

writ to commit an offender 

to prison. 
Modus opmndi. |L.] Mode 

of operation. 
Mon cher. [Fr.] My dear [to 

a man]. 
Monsieur. [Fr.] Sir; Mr. 
Morceau. [Fr.] A small 

piece: pL morceauz. 
Multuminparvo. [L.] Much 

in little. 


Naive. [Fr.l Natural, unaf- 

Naivete. [Fr.] Natural sim- 

Wee. [Fr.J Bom, — family 

Negligee. [Fr.] Loose, easy 
dress; undress. 

Nemme contradicente. [L.) 
No one objecting; unani- 

Ne plus ultra. [L.] The ut- 
most limit. 

Nil desperandum. [L.] Never 

N'importe. [Fr.J It matters 

Nisi prius. [L.l Unless be- 
fore, — a wnt or court. 

Nolens volens. [L.] Willing 
or unwilling. 

Noli me tangere. [L.] Touch 
me not. 

Nolle prosequi. [L.J To be 
unwilling to prosecute fur- 

Nom de guerre. [Fr.J A war 

Nom de plume. [Fr.] A 
writer's assumed name. 

Non assumpsit. [L.] He did 
not assume, — a legal plea. 

Non compos mentis. [L.) 
Not of sound mind. 

Non est inventus. [L.j He 
has not been found. 

Non sequitur. [L.] It does 
not follow. 

Notabene. [L.] Note well. 

Nousverrons. [Fr.] Wc shall 

Nudum pactum. [L.] A bare 

Obiter dicta. |L.j Things 
said in passing. 

Odium meologicum. [L.) 
The hatred of theologians. 

011a podrida. [Sp.] A heter- 
ogeneous mixture. 

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Ondit. [Fr.l They say. 
Onus proband!. [L.] The 

burden of proof. 
Qra pro nobis. (L.) Pray for 

Ore rotundo. (L.) With 

round, full voice. 
OtemporalOmoresIfL.] O 

the times! O the manners! 
Otium cum dignitate. [L] 

Leisure with dignity. 
Outre. (Fr.) Extravagant or 


Par excellence. (Fr.] By 

Particeps criminis. (L.] An 
accomplice in the crune. 

Parvenu. (Fr.J An upstart. 

Passe. (Fr.J Past the prime; 

Passim. (L.] Here and there. 

PAte. (Fr.J A pie of meat, 
game, oysters, &c. 

Paterfamilias. (L.] The 
father of a family. 

Pater noster. (L.) Our 

Pater patriae. [L.] The fa- 
ther of his country. 

Patois. (Fr.] A rustic dialect. 

Peccavi. (L.] I have sinned. 

Penchant. [Fr.] Inclination, 

Per. fL.] By. 

Per annum. [L.] By the year. 

Per capita. [L.] By the head. 

Per centum. (L.j By the 

Per diem. [L.] By the day. 

Perse. fL.] By itself. 

Petitio principii. [L.] A beg- 
ging of the question. 

Petit maltre. [Fr.] A fop. 
Pisaller. [Fr.] The last shift. 
Poeta nascitur, non fit. (L.] 

The poet is bom, not made. 
Point d'appui. [Fr.J Point of 


Mse comitattts. (L.] The 

power of the county. 
Post mortem. [L.] After 

Post obitum. [L.] After 

Prima facie. [L.J On first 

Primum mobile. (L.] The 

first moving power or agency. 
Probatum est. (L.] It has 

been proved. 
Pro bono publico. (L.J For 

the public good. 
Pro et con. [L.] For and 

Pro forma. [L.] For form's 

Pro rata. [L.] In proportion. 
Protege. [Fr.J One protected 

or cared for by another. 
Pro tempore. [L.J For the 

time; temporarily. 
Punica fides. [L.J Punic 

faith, — i.e. treachery. 

Quantum sufficit. [L.] 

Quidnunc? [L.J What now? 

— a news-monger. 
Quid pro quo. (L.J This for 

that; an equivalent. 
Qui Vive? [Fr.J Who goes 

there ? — on the alert. 
Quo animo. (L.J With what 


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Quod erat demonstrandum. 

(L.] Which was to be de- 

Quondam. [L.] Fonner. 

Quo warranto. (L.l By what 
warrant or authority. 

Rara avis. [LJ A lare bird. 

Recherche. [Fr.] Rare, ex- 

Reductio ad absurdum. [L.] 
A reduction to an absurdity. 

Rentes. [Fr.] Income; stocks. 

Requiescat in pace. [L.] 
May he rest in peace. 

Respublica. [L.J Republic. 

Resume. [Fr.] A recapitula- 

Resurgam. [L.] I shall rise 

Robe de chambr^. [Fr.] A 

R61e. [Fr.] Dramatic part. 

Ruse de guerre. [Fr.] A 
stratagem of war. 

Rus in urbe. [L.] The coun 
try in the city. 

Sal Atticum. [L.) Attic salt, 
— wit. 

Salon. [Fr.] A saloon; a par- 

Sanctum sanctorum. [L.] 
The holy of holies. 

Sang froid. [Fr.] Coobess; 

Sans c^emonie. [Fr.] With- 
out ceremony. 

Sans culotte. [Fr.] Without 
breeches; a ragamuffin. 

Sans souci. [Fr.) Without 

Sartor resartus. [L.] The 
cobbler mended. 

Sauve qui pent. [Fr.] Save 
himself who can. 

Savant. [Fr.] A learned man. 

Scire facias. [L.] You may 
cause it to be known. 

Stance. [Fr.] A sitting, as- 

Secundimi artem. [L.] Ac- 
cording to art. 

Semper idem. [L.] Always 
the same. 

Senatus-consultum. [L.] A 
decree of the senate. 

Separatio a mensa et thoro. 
[L.l A se];>aration from bed 
and beard' a limited divorce. 

Seriatim. [L.] In regular or- 

Sic itur ad astra. [L.] So one 
goes to the stars. 

Sic passim. [L.] So every- 

Sic semper tyrannis. [L.] 
Thus alwavs to tyrants. 

Sic transit gloria mundi. [L.] 
Thus passes away the glory 
of the world. 

Siesta. [Sp.] An after-dinner 

Similia similibus curantur. 
jL.l Like things are cured 
by like things. 

Sine die. [L.] Without a day. 

Sine qua uon. [L.] Without 
which not. 

Soi-disant. [Fr.] Self-called; 

Soiree. [Fr.] An evening 

Sortie. [Fr.] A sally. 

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Sotto voce. [It.] In a low! 

voice. I 

Statu quo. [LJ The state in 

Stct. |L.l Let it stand. 
Suaviter in modo, fortiter in 

re. [L.] ^ Gentle in manner, 

resolute in deed. 
Subrosa. (L.] Under the rose, 

Sui generis. [L.] Of a pecu- 
liar kind. 
Summum bonum. [L.] The 

greatest good. 
Suo jure. (L.J In his own 

Supersedeas. [L.] You may 

supersede, — a writ. 

Tableau vivant. [Fr.] Apict 

ure represented by living 

Table d'hdte. [Fr.l Public 

table at a hotel, &c.; service 

of a complete meal at one 

price for all. 
Tempus fugit. [L.) Time flies. 
TerrsB filius. [L.] A son of 

the earth,— that is, a human 

Terra firma. (L.J Firm 

Terra incognita. (L.] An un- 
known land. 
Toga vb-ilis. (L.J The gown 

of manhood. 
Tokalon. (Gr.l The beauti 

ful; the chief good. 
Totoccelo. [L.] By the whole 

Tout ensemble. (Fr.J The 

whole taken together. 

Ubi supra. (L.l Where above 

Ultima ratio regum. [L.) 

The last argument of kings, 

— war. 
Ultima Thule. (L.) The 

farthest boundary or point. 
Ultimus, or Ultimo. (L.) The 

last, — contracted to Ult. 
Una voce. [L.] With one 

UtUedulci. (L.] The useful 

with the agreeable. 
Ut infra. [L.l As below. 
Ut supra. [L.l As above. 

Vade mecum. [L.J Go with 

me, — a pocket manual. 
Valet de chambre. [Fr.J A 

valet; a body servant. 
Venire facias. [L.] You shall 

cause to come. 
Veni, vidi, vici. [L.J I came, 

I saw, I conquered. 
Verbatim et literatim. [L.J 

Word for word, and letter 

for letter. 
Vexata quaestio. |L.] A 

vexed question. 
Via. [L.] By the way of. 
Vice. [L.J In the place of. 
Vice versa. [L.J The terms 

being reversed. 
Vide. [L.J See. 
Videlicet. [L.J To wit; nanie- 




Vide ut supra. [L.J See as 

Vietarmis. [L.J 
and arms. 

With force 

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Vinculum matrimonii. [L.] 

Bond of matrimony. 
Vis k vis. (Fr.l Face to face. 
Vis inertisB. (L.) Power of 

Viva voce. (L.l By the living 

voice; by word of mouth. 
Vive la r^publique. (Fr.] 

Long live the republic. 
Vive le roi. (Fr.j Long live 

the king. 

Vive, vale. [L.] Live, and be 

VoUA. fFr.1 Behold. 

Voltigeur. [Fr.] A light horse- 

Vox populi, vox Dei. [L.] 
The voice of the people, the 
voice of God. 

Vraisemblance. [Fr.] Prob- 

Vulgo. [L.] Commonly. 

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Aor@. (Ad.) At. 

A. A. G. Assistant Adjutant- 

A. A. S. ( Academiee Ameri- 
cana Socius.) Fdlow of the 
American Academy. 

A. B. (Artium Baccalaureus.) 
Bachelor of Arts. 

Abp. Archbishop. 

A. C. (AnU Christum.) Be 
fore Christ. 

Acct. Account. 

A. D. (Anno Domini.) In 
the Year of our Lord. 

Adjt. Adjutant. 

Adjt.-Gen. Adjutant-General. 

Ad, lib. (Ad libitum.) At 

Admr. Administrator. 

Admx. Administratrix. 

iEt., or iE. (Mtatis.) Aged. 

AL, or Ala. Alabama. 

Alex. Alexander. 

A. M. (Artium M agister.) 
Master of Arts: (A nle Meri- 
diem.) Before noon: (An- 
no Mundi.) In the Year of 
the World. 

Amt. Amount. 

Anon. Anonymous. 

Ans. Answer. 

App. Appendix. 

Apr., or Apl. April. 

Aritfa. Arithmetic. 

Ariz. Arizona. 

Ark. Arkansas. 

Art. Article. 

Asst. Assistant. 

Astron. Astronomy. 

Att^ or Atty. Attorney. 

A. U. C. (Anno Urbis Con 
dita.) In the Year from 
the Building of the Citv 

Aug. August. 

Ave. Avenue. 



B. Bom.— Book. 

B. A. Bachelor of 

fial. Balance. 

Bart., or Bt. Baronet. 

Bbl. Barrel: Bbls. Barrels. 

B. C. Before Christ. 

B. C. L. Bachelor of Civil 

B. D. Bachelor of Divinity. 

Bk. Bank.— Book. 

B. LL. (Baccalaureus Legum.) 
Bachelor of Laws. 

B. M. (Baccalaureus Medi- 
cina.) Bachelor of Medi- 

Bp. Bishop. 

Br., or Bro. Brother. 

Brig. Brigade. — Brigadier. 

Brig.-Gen. Brigadier-Gen- 

Brit. Britain.— British. 

B. V. (Beaia Virgo.) Blessed 

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C. (Centum.) A hundred.— 

Cor Cap. (Caput.) Chapter. 

Cal. California. 

Capt. Captain. 

Oath. Catholic. 

C. B. Cape Breton. 

C. C. County Court. — Coun- 
ty Commissioner. 

C. C. P. Court of Common 

C. E. Civil Engineer.— Can- 
ada East. 

Cent., or Ct. (Centum.) A 

Cf. (Confer.) Compare. 

C. H. Court-House. 

Ch. Church. 

Chap. Chapter. 

Chas. Charles. 

Chron. Chronicles. 

C. J. Chief Justice. 

Cld. Cleared. 

Clk. Clerk. 

Co. County. — Company. 

C. O. D. Cash on delivery. 

Col. Colonel. — Colossians. 

Col., or Colo. Colorado. 

Coll. College. 

Com. Commodore. — Com- 

Con. (Contra.) Against. 

Cong. Congress. 

Conn., or Ct. Connecticut. 

Cor. Corinthians. 

Cor. Sec. Corresponding Sec 

C. P. Common Pleas.-Court 
of Probate. 

Cr. Credit.— Creditor. 

Crim. Con. Criminal conver 
sation, or adultery. 

C.S. (Custos SigiUi.) Keeper 
of the Seal. 

Ct. Court.— Count.— Con- 

Cu. Cubic. 

C. W. Canada West. 

Cwt. (Centum and weigfU.y 

Cyc. Cyclopedia. 

D. Died. — (Denarius or dena- 
rii.) Penny or pence. 

Dan. Daniel. — Danish. 

D. C. District of Columbia. 

D. C.L. Doctor of Civil Law. 

D. D. (Divinitatis Doctor. y 
Doctor of Divinity 

Dea. Deacon. 

Dec. December. — Declina- 

Deft., or Dft. Defendant. 

Deg. Degree, or degrees. 

Del. DeUiware. 

Den. Denmark. 

Dep. Deputy. 

Dept. Department. 

Deut. Deuteronomy. 

D. G. (Dei Gratia.) By the 
Grace of God. 

Dist. District. 

Dist,-Atty. District-Attomev. 

D. M. Doctor of Music. 

D. O. Doctor of Osteopathy. 

Do. (Ditto.) The same. 

Dols., or S. Dollars. 

Doz. Dozen. 

Dr. Doctor. — Debtor. — Dram. 
— Drawer. 

D. V. (Deo volente.) God 

Dwt. ( Denarius and weight.} 

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E. East. 

Eccl. Ecclesiastes.— Ecclesi- 

JSccl.Hist. Ecclesiastical His- 

Ed. Edition.— Editor. 

E. g. (Exempli gratia.) For 

E. I. East Indies, or East In- 

E. I. C. East India Company. 

E. Lon. East Longitude. 

Emp. Emperor. — Empress. 

En^c. Encyclopaedia. 

E. N. E. East-north-east. 

Em. England.— English. 

Epn. Ephesians. — Ephraim. 

E. S. E. East-south-east. 

Esq., or Esqr. Esquire. 

Etal. (EtalH.) And others — 
(Et alibi.) And elsewhere. 

Etc.,or&c. (Etcatera.) And 
others; and so forth. 

Et seq. (Et sequentia.) And 
what follows. 

Ex. Example. — Exodus. 

Exc. Excellency. — Exception 

Exch. Exchequer. 

Exod. Exodus. 

Exon. (Exonia.) Exeter. 

Exr. Executor. 

Ezek. Ezekiel. 

'Fir. Firkin. 

Fla. Florida. 

Fol. Folio. 

Fr. France.— French.— Fran- 

F. R. A. S. Fellow of the Roy- 
al Astronomical Society. 

Fri. Friday. 

F. R. S. FeUow of the Royal 

F. R. S. E. Fellow of the Roy- 
al Society, Edinburgh. 

F. R. S. L. Fellow of the Roy- 
al Society of Literature. 

F. S. A. Fellow of the Society 
of Antiquaries. — Fellow of 
the Society of Arts. 

Ft. Foot, or Feet.— Fort. 

Fur. Furlong. 

Gi., or Geo. Georgia. 
I Gal. Galatians. — Gallon. 
G. B. Great Britain. 
Gen. General. — Genesis. 
{Gent. Gentleman. 
I Geo. George. — Georgia. 
Geoff. Geography. 
iGeoi. Geology. 
jGeom. Geometry. 
Ger. Germany. 
Gov. Governor. 
Gr. Grain. 


Fahr. Fahrenheit. H. Hour. 

Far. Farthing. — Farriery. H. B. M. His, or Her, Britan- 

F. A. S. Fellow of the Society | nic Majesty. 

of Arts. iHeb. Hebrews. — Hebrew. 

F. D. (Fidei Defensor.) De-IHf. bd. Half-bound. 

fender of the Faith. Hhd. Hogshead. 

Feb. February. IH. I. S. (Hie lacel Sepultus.) 

Fee. (Fecit.) He did it. Here lies buried. 

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Hist. History. 

H. M. S. His, or Her, Majes- 
ty's Ship, or Service. 

Hon. Honorable. 

Hort. Horticulture. 

H. R. House of Representa- 

H. R. H. His, or Her, Royal 

Hund. Hundred. 

I. Idaho. — Island. 

la. Iowa. 

lb., or Ibid. (Ibidem.) In the 
same place. 

Icel. Iceland. 

Id. Udem.) The same. 

Ida. Idaho. 

I. e. (Id est.) That is. 

I. H. S. (lesus HonUnum Sal- 
vaior.) Jesus the Saviour of 

m. Illinois. 

Imp. (Imperator.) Emperor, 

In. Inch. 

Incog. (Incognito.) Unknown. 

Ind. India. — Indian. — Indi- 

Ind. Ter. Indian Territory 

Inst. Instant. — The present 

Int. Interest. 

I. O. O. F. Independent Or 
der of Odd Fellows. 

Ir. Ireland.— Irish. 

Isa. Isaiah. 

Isl. Island. 

It. Italy. 

J. Judge Of Justice, 
an. January. 
as. James. 

Ter. Jeremiah. 
Fno. John. 
tona. Jonathan. 
[OS. Joseph. 

P. Justice of the Peace, 
fr., or Jun. Junior. 


K. King. 

Kan. Kansas. 

K. B. Knight of the Bath.— 

King's Bench. 
K. C. B. Knight Commander 

of the Bath. 
Ken., or Ky. Kentucky. 
Knt., ofKt. Knight. 

L., or !b. (Libra.) Pound in 

L., or £. Pound sterling. 

La. Louisiana. 

Lat. Latitude. — Latin. 

L. C. Lord Chancellor. — Low- 
er Canada. 

L. C. J. Lord Chief Justice. 

Ld. Lord. 

Lea. Leaf^e. i 

Lev. Leviticus. 

L. I. Long Island. 

Lib., Of L. (Uber.) Book. 

Lieut., or Lt. Lieutenant. 

LL. B. (Legum Baccalaureus.) 
Bachelor of Laws. 

LL. D. (Legum Doctor.) Doc- 
tor of Laws. 

Lon., ofLong. Longitude. 

Lond. London. 

L. S. (Locus sigilli.) Place of 
the Seal. 

L. s. d. (Libra, solidi, denarii.) 
Pounds, shillings, pence. 

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M. Monsieur, Mr. — (Mille.) 
A thousand. — (Meridies.) 
Meridian; mid-day or noon. 

M. A. Master of Arts. 

Maj. Major. 

Maj.-Gen. Major-General. 

Mar. March. 

Mass. Massachusetts. 

Matt. Matthew. 

M. B. {MedicifUB Baccalau- 
reus.) Bachelor of Medi- 

M. C. Member of Congress. 

M. D. (MediciruB Doctor.) 
Doctor of Medicine. 

Md. Maryland. 

Me. Maine. 

M. E. Methodist Episcopal. 

Mem. Memorandum. 

Messrs., or MM. (Messieurs.) 
Sirs, Gentlemen. 

Mex. Mexico. 

Mich. Michigan. — Michael- 

Min. Minute. 

Minn. M^"^^^- 

Miss. Mississippi. 

Mile. Mademoiselle, Miss. 

MM. Messieurs, Gentlemen, 

Mme. Madame. 

Mo. Missouri. — Month. 

Mon. or Mond. Monday. 

Mons. Monsieur, Mr. 

Mont. Montana. 

M. P. Member of Parlkiment. 
— Member of Police. 

Mr. Mister. 

Mrs. Mistress (pron. Missis). 

MS. Manuscript: MSS. Man- 

Mt. Mount, or Mountain. 

N. North. — Nitrogen. 

N. A. North America. 

Nath. Nathaniel. 

Naut. Nautical. 

N. B. (Nota Bene.) Take 

notice — New Brunswick. — 

North Britain. 
N. C. North Carolina. 
N. d. No date. 
N. Dak. North Dakota. 
N. E. New England.— North- 
Neb. Nebraska. 
Neh. Nehemiah. 
Nem. con. (Nemine contradi- 

cente.) No one objecting, 

Nem. diss. (Nemine dissenti- 

ente.) No one dissenting. 
Neth. Netherlands. 
Nev. Nevada. 
N. F. Newfoundland. 
N. H. New Hampshire. 
N. J. New Jersey. 
N.Lat. North Latitude. 
N. M., or N. Mex. NewMexico. 
N. N. E. North-north-east. 
N. N. W. North-north-west. 
No. (Numero.) Number. 
Non pros. (Non prosequitur.) 

He does not proseaite. 
Non seq. (Non sequitur.) It 

does Qot follow. 
Nos. Numbers. 
Nov. November. 
N. P. Notary Public. 
N. S. New Style (after 1752). 

— Nova Scotia. 
N. T. New Testament. 
Num., or Numb. Numbers. 
N. W. North-west. 
N. Y. New York. 

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O. Ohio. 
Ob. iObiit.) He, or she, died. 
Obt.ofobdt. Obedient. 
Oct. October. 
Okla. Oklahoma. 
Old Test.. Of O.T. Old Testa- 
Opt. Optics. 
Or. Oregon. 
Omith. Ornithology. 
O. S. Old Style (before 1752). 
O.T. Old Testament. 
Oxon. (Ooconia.) Oxford. 
Oz. Ounce. 

P. Page.— Pint 

Pa. Pennsylvania. 

Pari. Parhament. 

Payt. Payment. 

Pd. Paid. 

P. E. Protestant Episcopal. 

P. E. I. Prince Edward Is- 

Penn., or Penna. Pennsyl- 

Per an. (Per annum.) By the 

Per cent., or Per ct. (Per 
centum.) By the hundred. 

Phar. Pharmacy. 

Ph. B. (Philosophia Bacca- 
laureus.) Bachelor of Phi- 

Ph. D. (Philosophic Doctor.) 
Doctor of Philosophy. 

Phil. Philip.— Philemon.— 

Phila. Philadelphia. 

P.I. Philippine Islands. 

Pinz.ofPzt. iPinxit.) He or 
she painted it. 

Pk. Peck. 

PI. Plural.— Place. 

Plflf. Plaintiff. 

P.M. (Post Meridiem.) After- 
noon. — Postmaster. — Passed 

P. M.G. Postmaster-General. 

P. O. Post Office. 

Pop. Population. 

Pp. Pages. 

P.P. C. (Pour prendre congi.) 
To take leave. 

P. R. Porto Rico. 

Pres. President. 

Prof. Professor. 

Pro tern. (Pro tempore.) For 
the time. 

Prov. Proverbs. 

Prox. (Proximo.) Next. 

P. R. S. President of the Roy- 
al Society. 

P. S. (Post Scriptum.) Post- 

Ps. Psalm, <?r Psalms. 

Pt. Pint.— Point. 

Pub. Doc. Public Document. 

Pwt. Pennyweight. 

). Query, question — Queen. 

). B. Queen's Bench. 

). C. Queen's Counsel. 

). E. D. (Quod erat demon- 
strandum.) Which was to 
be demonstrated. 

). M. Quartermaster. 

Jr. Quarter. — Farthing. 

n. Quart. 

fn.fOrQy, (Qucere.) Query, 
le. Quebec. 
,es. Question 
V. (Quod vide.) Which see. 

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R. (Recipe.) Take.— (Rex.) 
King. — (Regina.) Queen. — 
Rood; rod. — River. 

R. A. Royal Academy. — Roy- 
al Academician. — Rear Ad- 

Rec. Sec. Recording Secre- 

Ref. Ch. Reformed Church. 

Rest. Regiment. 

Rep. Representative. 

Retd. Returned. 

Rev., or Revd. Reverend. 

R. I. Rhode Island. 

R. M.S. Royal Mail Steamer. 

R. N. Royal Navy. 

Robt. Robert. 

Rom. Romans. 

Rom. Cath. Roman Catho- 

R. R. Raih-oad. 

R. S. V. P. (Repondez, sHl 
vous plait.) Reply, if you 

Rt. Hon. Right Honorable 
Rt. Rev. Right Reverend. 

S. South. — Shilling. — Sunday. 
S. A. South America. 
Sam., or Saml. Samuel. 
Sat. Saturday. 
S. C. South Carolina. 
S. caps. Small capitals. 
Schr. Schooner. 
Scil.,wSc. (Scilicet.) To wit. 
Scot. Scotland or Scotch. 
Sculp. (Sculpsit.) He or she 

engraved it. 
S. Dak. South Dakota. 
S. E. South-east. 

Sec. Secretary.— Second. 
Sect. Section. 
Sen. Senior. — Senator. 
Sept. September. — Septua- 

Serg., or Sergt. Sergeant. 
Servt. Servant. 
S. H. S. (Societatls Historia 

Socius.) Fellow of the His- 
torical Society. 
S. J. Society of Jesus. 
S. T. C. Supreme Judicial 

S. Lat. South Latitude. 
Sid. Sailed. 
Soc. Society. 
Sol. Solomon. 
Sp. Spain. — Spanish. 

.. Square. 
i^., or 88. (Scilicet.) To wit. 
S. S. E. South-south-cast. 
S. S. W. South south-west. 
St. Saint.— Street. 
S. T. D. (Sacra Theologia 

Doctor.) Doctor of Divinity. 
Ster., or Stg. Sterling. 
'^1. T. P. (Sacra Theologia 

Professor.) Professor of 

Sun. Sunday. 
Supt. Superintendent. 
Surg. Surgeon. 
S. V, (Sub verbo or voce.) 

Under the word or title. 
S. W. South-west. 
Switz. Switzerland. 

Tenn. Tennessee. 
Tex. Texas. 
Theo. Theodore. 
Theoph. Theophilus. 
Thess. Thessalonians. 

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Thos. Thomas. 

Thu., ^Thurs. Thursday. 

Tim. Timothy. 

T. O. Turn over. 

Tu., orTues. Tuesday. 


U.C. Upper Canada. 

Ult. (UUimo.) I^ast. 

Univ. University. 

U. S. United States. 

U. S. A. United States Army. 

— United States of America. 
IT. S. M. United States Mail. 

— United States Marine. 
IT. S. N. United States Navy. 
U. S. S. United States Ship. 
Ut. Utah. 

V. Verse. 

v., Of Vs. (Versus.) Against. 

Va. Virginia. 

Viz. {Videlicet.) To wit, 

Vol. Volume. 
V. P. Vice-President. 
Vs. (yerms.) Against 
Vt. Vermont. 


W. Welsh.— West. 

W., or Wed. Wednesday. 

Wash. Washington (State). 

W.I. West Indies. 

Wis., or Wise. Wisconsin. 

Wk. Week. 

W. Lon. West Longitude. 

Wm. William. 

W. N. W. West-north-west. 

W. S.W. West-south-wc5t. 

Wt. Weight. 

W. Va. West Virginia. 

Wyo. Wyoming. 

Xmas., or Xm. Christmas. 
Xper., (>rXr. Christopher. 
Xt. Christ. 
Xtian., or Xn. Christian. 

Y., or Yr. Year. 
Yd. Yard. 
Yrs. Yours. 


Zach. Zachary. 
Zech. Zechanah. 
Zeph. 2^phaniah. 
Zodl. Zoology. 

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1. Words of one syUahle and words accented on the last syl- 
lable, ending with a single consonant preceded by a single vowel, 
double the final consonant when they take an additional syllable 
beginning with a vowel^ as^ — big, bigger; admit, admitted. 

Exception. — Gas, gaseous. 

2. If a word ends with two consonants, or if a diphthong pre- 
cedes the last consonant, or if the accent is not on the last syllable, 
the Anal consonant is not doubled wheht a syllable commencing 
with a vowel is added, as, — bold, bolder; call, calling; drain, 
draining; visit, visitor. 

Exceptions. — Most words ending with 1, though not ac- 
cented on the last syllable, double the final 1 in their deriva- 
tives, as travel, traveller, travelled, travellinsj. The word 
woollen is thus written. The verb to worship coi^monly 
doubles the p, on assuming an additional syllable, as wor- 
shipped. Some verbs, having a secondary accent on the last 
syllable, double the last letter on assuming an additional syl- 
lable, as kidnap, kidnapped; sulphuret, sulphuretted; car- 
buret, carburetted; &c. 

3. When an affix or termination beginning with a vowel is 
added to a word ending with a silent e, the e is omitted, as, — 
come, coming; force, forcible. 

Exceptions. — i. Words ending in ce or ge retain the e be- 
fore the terminations able and ous, in order to soften the pre- 
ceding c or g, as peace, peaceable; change, changeable. 

Exceptions. — a. Words ending in ee, oe, or yt drop the 
teal e only when the affix begins with e, as see, seeing, agree- 
ing; dye (to color), dyeing; hoe, hoeing; shoe, shoeing. 
The e is retained also in singe, singeing; springe (to en- 
snare), springeing; swinge, swingemg; and tinge, tinge- 

Verbs ending in ie, after dropping e, change i into y, on 
adding ing; as die, dying; lie, lying. 


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4. When an affix or termination beginning with a consonant 
is added to a word ending with silent e, the e is retained, as, — 
peace, peaceful; life, lifeless. 

Exceptions. — Awe, awful; due, duly: nurse, nursling; 
true, truly; whole, wholly; abridge, abridgment; judge, 
judgment; argue, argument; acknowledge, acknowledg- 
ment; wise, wisdom. 

5. Words ending in y preceded h^f a consonant change the y 
into i, in their derivatives^ as, — cry, cried; easy, easily; giddy, 

Exceptions. — i. The y is retained in the derivatives of dry, 
shy, sl^, and sly, as dryly, dryness; shyly, skyey, slyly. 

Exceptions. — 2. Y is retained before the terminations ing, 
ish, ism, and ist, to prevent the doubling of the i, as deny, 
densring; baby, babyish; tory, torjrism; copy, copyist; 
also in the possessive singular of nouns, as spy, spy*s; lady, 

Exceptions. — 3. In the words beauty, bounty, duty, pity, 
and plenty, y is changed into e before the termination ous, as 
beauteous, bounteous, duteous, piteous, plenteous. 

6. Final y, preceded by a vowels remains unchanged be/ore 
gn additional termination, as, — money, moneys; valley, valleys; 

attorney, attorneys. 

Exceptions. — Day, daily; lay, laid, lain; pay, paid; say, 
saith, said; stay, staid; and their compounds. 

7. Words ending with a double letter, or with a, or o, gener- 
ally retain the same on receiving an additional syllable not be- 
ginning with the same letter, as, — agree, agreeable; flee, flee- 
ing; woo, wooer; huzza, huzzaed; echo, echoing. 

Exceptions. — Words ending in 11 generally drop one 1 when 
used to form the first part of a compound word; as, almighty, 
welfare. They also omit one 1 before the affixes full and 
ness; as, wilful, skilful, fulness, dulness. But illness, 
chillness, shrillness, stillness, smallness, and tallness 
follow the rule. 

8. Words ending in a double letter generally retain both letters 
in compounds ami in derivatives formed by prefixes, as, — 
waterfall, foresee. 



Exceptions.—Withal, wherewithal, annul* distil, instil, 
fulfil, untU. The word full, used as an affix, drops one 1 ; 
as slolful. 

9. Words ending with c take the letter k after c, when a syl- 
lable beginning with e or i is added, as, — traffic, trafficking, 

10. Nouns ending in i generally form the plural by the addi- 
tion of es, as, — alkali, alkalies. 

11. Many nouns ending in o preceded by a consonant, form 
the plural by adding es; as, — cargo, cargoes; hero, heroes; but 
nouns ending in o preceded by another vowel form the plural 
regularly by adding s only to the singular; as, — cameo, cameos; 
folio, folios. The plurals of the following nouns, in which the 
final o is immediately preceded by a consonant, are also com- 
monly form^ by adding s only: armadillo, bravo, canto, cento, 
octavo, proviso, quarto, salvo, sirocco, solo, two, tyTO, virtuoso, 

12. Compound words formed of a noun and an adjective, or 
of two nouns connected by a preposition, generally pluralize the 
first word; as knights-errant; sons-in-law. But nouns ending 
in ful add s to tJie termination to form the plural; as, handfuls, 

13. The plural of a letter, figure, &c., is expressed by s pre- 
ceded by an apostrophe, as the g's in eggs, the 4's in 444. 

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A» art. indef., any, one. 

A I, noting a ship of the first 

Ab'acus, n. kind of counting- 


Abeceda'rian, n. a learner or 

a teacher of the alphabet. 
Aber^rantt a. wandering, de- 
viating: ns. aber'rance» ab- 
Abaff, ad. toward the stem. jAbef,v.toseton, aid: -tor,». 
Abandon, v. a. to give up, for- Abey'ance, n. state of suspen- 

sake: aban'doned, a. for-{ sion. 

saken; profligate. .Abhor', v.a. to hate extremely, 

Abase% v. a. to bring low, hum- 1 detest : -rence, n. : -rent, a. 

ble: abase'ment, n. i Abide', v.n. to dwell, stay. 

Abash', v.a. to make ashamed. Ability, n. power, capacity. 
Abate', v. to lessen, check: 

-ment, ».: abafable, a. 
Ab'atis (-a-tis or -ate'), n. 

sharpened branches of trees, 

laid to obstruct an enemy. 
Abattoir' (twor'), n. a slaugh- 
Aba>a, n. father 
Ab'be, n. French title for a 

Ab'bess, n. governess of a 

Abnbey, n. a monastery. 
AblMt, «. head of an abbey. 
Abbre'viate, v.a. to shorten: 

abbrevia'tion, n.: abbre'- 

viator, n. 
Ab'dicate, v. to resign, give up 

an office: abdica'tion, n. 
Abdo'men, n. the belly: ajs 

abdom'inal, abdom'inous. 
Abducf , v.a. to kidnap: ab- 

ducfor, n.: abduc'tioo, n 

Ab'ject, a. mean, low, basel 
Abjure', v. a. to renounce on 

oath, forswear: -ra'tion, n. 
Ablative, a. noting the 6th 

case of Latin nouns. 
A'ble, a. having power: a'bly, 

Ablu'tion, n. act of washing. 
Ab'nesate, v.a. to deny. 
Abnor'mal, a. irregular. 
Aboard', ad. on board, in a 

ship: — prep, on board of. 
Abode', n. dwelling, stay. 
Abol'i^, v.a. to annul, put an 

end to: -able, a.: -ment, n. 
Aboli'tion (lish'un), n. act of 

abolishing: -ist, ».: -ism, n. 
Abom'inate, v.a. to abhor: 

abom'inable, a.: abomi- 

na'tion, n. 
Aborig'iiies (-rij'i-nez), n. pi. 

earliest inhabitants: -nal, a. 
Abor'tion, n. imtimely birth. 

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Abor'tive, a. miscarrying. 
Abound', v.n. to be in great 

Abouf , prep. & ad. round, 

near, concerning, nearly. 
Above' (-biiv'), prep, higher 

than; more than: — ad. m a 

higher place: -board, ad. 

Abrade', v.a. to rub or wear 

off: abra'sion (-zhun), n. 
Abreasf (-bresf), ad. side by 

Abridge', v.a. to make shorter, 

lessen: abridg'ment, n. 
Abroad', ad. from home. 
Ab'rogate, v.a. to repeal: ns. 

abroga'tion, ab'rogator. 
Abrupf , a. broken, steep; sud- 
Ab'scess, n. tumor full of pus. 
Abscind' (-sind'), v.a. to cut 

off: abscis'sion(-sizh'un), n. 
Ab'sciss, abscis'sa, n. a kind 

of geometric line. 
Abscond', v.n. to hide one's 

self, steal away. 
Ab'sent, a. not present: ab' 

sence, n.: absenf , v.a.: ab- 
sentee', n. 
Ab'sinthe (sinth), n. a cordial 

from wormwood, &c. 
Ab'solute, a. complete, not 

limited^ certain: -ly, ad. 
Absolu'tion, n. absolving, 

Absolve', v.a. to dear, acquit, 

Absorb', v.a. to swallow up: 

absorb'ent, a. & n.: ab- 

sorp'tion, n. 
Abstain', v.n. to forbear. 
Abste'mlous, a. temperate. 
Abster'gent, a, deansing. 

Abster'sion, n. a deansing. 

Ab'stinence, n. an abstaining 
from indulgence: -ent, a. 

Abstracf , v.a. to take from: 
abstrac'tion, n. 

Ab'stract, a. general, theoret- 
ical: — n. an abridgment. 

Abstruse', a. obscure, not 

Absurd', a. imreasonable, non- 
sensical: absurd'ity, n. 

Abun'dant, a. plentiful, am- 
ple: abun'dance, n. 

Abuse' (-buz'), v.a. to misuse; 
maltreat; revile. 

Abuse' (-bus'), n. ill use, rude 
speech: abu'sive, a. 

Abut', v.n. to end at or border 
upon: abufment, n. 

Abyss' (-bis'), n. bottomless 

Aca'cia (-shi-a), n. a plant. 

Academ'ic, -ical, a. belong- 
ing to an academy: aca- 
dem'ic, n. 

Academi'cian (-mish'an), n. 
a member of an academy. 

Acad'emy, n. a school of arts 
and sciences, higher school. 

Acan'thus, n. a prickly plant. 

Accede', v.n. to agree, assent. 

Accel'erate, v.a. to hasten, 
quicken: accelera'tion, m.: 
accel'erative, a. 

Ac'cent, n. modulation of 
voice; stress of voice on a 
syllable; a mark to express 
or note the accent: accenf , 
v.a.: accenf uate, v.a. 

Accepf , v.a. to receive, esp. 
with favor; promise to pay: 
-able, a.: -ance, n. 

Accepta'tion, n. favorable re- 

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Access' or ac'cess, n. ap- 
proach, admission, increase, 

Accessary, accessory, a. 
assisting: — n. accomplice. 

Acces'sibie, a. approachable. 

Acces'sion (-sesh'un), n. act 
of coming to, addition. 

Ac'cideat, n. an event not 
foreseen or not expected, 
chance: acciden'tal, a. 

Acclaim', acclama'tion, n. 
shout of applause. 

Accli'mate, accli'matize, 
v.a. to inure to a climate. 

Accliv'ity, n. ascent as of a 
hill: accli'vous, a. 

Accom'modate, v.a. to adapt, 
fit, suit; oblige; lodge, enter- 
tain: accommoda'tion, n. 

Accom'pany (-kiSm'-), v. to go 
with: accom'paniment, n. 

Accom'plice (-plis), n. a help- 
mate in crime. 

Accom'plish, v.a. to finish, 

Accom'plished (-plisht), a, 
finished, elegant, polished. 

Accom'plishinent, n. com- 
pletion; an acquirement, at- 

Accord', v.n. to agrtee, harmo- 
nize: — n. agreement, har- 
mony: -ance^ ».: -ant, a.\ 
-insly, ad. m agreement, 
conformably, hence. 

Accor'dion, n. a small musi- 
cal instrument with keys and 
a bellows. 

Accosf , v.a. to speak to first. 

Accottcne'ment (ak-kodsh'- 
mong), n. delivery in child- 

Accounf^ n. computation, 
estimation; statement; sake 

— v.a. to compute, esteem: 
-able, a. liable to account, 
responsible: -abil'ity, n. 

Accounf ant, n. a keeper or 
examiner of accounts. 

Accou'tre (-koo'tgr), v.a, to 
equip: -ments, pouch- 
es, belts, cartridge-boxes, 
&c., of soldiers. 

Accred'it, v. to give credit to. 

Accres'cent, a. mcreasing. 

Accre'tion, n. act of growing 

Accrue', v.n. to be added, 
arise as profit, result. 

Accu'mulate, v. to heap up, 
amass; increase: accumu- 
la'tion, ».: accu'mula- 
tive, a. 

Ac'curate, a. careful, exact, 
correct: accuracy, n. 

Acciirse', v.a. to doom, curse. 

Accu'sative, a. noting the 4th 
case of Latin and Greek 

Accuse' (-kuz'), v. a. to charge 
with crime, blame: accusa'- 
tion, ».: accu'satory, a.: 
accu'ser, n. 

Accus'tom, v.a. to make fa- 
miliar by custom, habituate. 

Ace, n. the card or the side of 
the die having the one spot. 

Aceph'alous, a. headless. 

Acer'bity, n. sourness, harsh- 

Acef ic, ace'tous, a. sour. 

Ache (ak), n. continued pain: 
— v.n. to be in pain. 

Achieve' (-chev'), v.a. to per- 
form: -ment, ».: achiev'- 
able, a. 

Achromaf ic (ak-), a. color- 

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Ac'id (as'id), a. sour: — n. an 
acid substance: acid'ity» n. 

Acid'ify, v.a. to convert into 
add: acid'ifiable, a.: acid- 
ifica'tion, ».: acid'ulous, 
a. slightly acid. 

AcknowFedge (-ndl'ei), v.a. 
to own the knowledge of, 
confess, admit: acknowl'- 
edgment, n. 

Ac'me, n. highest point. 

A'com, n. fruit of the oak. 

Acous'tic (-kows'tik), a. re 
lating to hearing or sound. 

Acous'tics, n. science of 

Acquaint, v.a. to make 
known: -ance, n. 

Acquiesce' (wi-es'), v.n. to 
assent, agree: acquies'- 
cence, n. 

Acquire^ v.a. to gain, attain: 
-ment, ».: acquisftion, n. 

Acquis'itive» a. anxious to ac- 

Acquit% v.a. to set free, dis- 
charge: -tal, «.: -tance, n. 

A'cre (a'kgr). n. i6o square 
rods of land. 

Ac'rid, a. of a hot, biting taste: 
acrid'ity, n. 

Ac'rimony, ». sharpness, bit- 
terness of temper or speech: 
acrimo'nious, a. 

Ac'rotmt, n. a rope-dancer, a 
vaulter: acrobat'ic, a. 

Acrop'olis, n. a citadel. 

Acros'tic, n. a ]X)em in which 
the first or last letters of the 
lines spell a name, &c. 

Act, V. to do, perform; play; 
conduct ones self: — n. a 
deed, exploit; a law; part of 
a play. 

Ac'tion, n. deed, feat; battle; 
gesticulation; lawsuit: -able, 
a. liable to a suit at law. 

Ac'tive, a. that acts, busy, 
quick: activ'ity, n. 

Act'or, n. one who acts, a 
stage-player: /em. ac'tress. 

Acfual, a. real or existing: 
actual'ity, n. 

Acf uary, n. a register, a clerk. 

Acf uate, v.a. to put into ac- 

Acu'men, n. quickness of per- 
ception, penetration. 

Acu'minate, acu'minated, a. 

Acute', a. sharp, keen, pene- 
trating: -ly, ad.: -ness, n. 

Ad'age, n. a maxim, saying. 

Ada'gio (-da'-jl), a. in slow 

Ad'amant, n. a very hard 
stone, diamond: adaman'- 
tine (-tin), a. 

Adapf , v.a. to fit, suit: -able, 
a.: -abil'ity, n.: -a'tion, n. 

Add, v.a. to put together, sum 

Adden'dum, n. something to 
be added: pi. adden'da. 

Ad'der, n. poisonous serpent. 

Addicf , v.a. to give up, devote. 

Addi'tion (dish'un), n. act of 
adding; thing added: a 
branch of arithmetic: -al, a. 

Ad'dle, ad'died, a. rotten, as 
eggs; muddled, spoiled. 

Address', v.a. to speak or 
write to; apply; court: — n. 
application, speech; man- 
ners; skill; direction of let- 
ter: pi. courtship. 

Adduce', v.a. to bring for- 
ward, cite: addu'cible, a. 

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Adepf , a. & n. proficient. 

Ad'equate, a. sufficient: ad'e- 
quacy, n. 

Adnere% v.n. to stick, remain 
firmly fixed: ns. adher'ence, 
adher^ency: adher'eiit, n. 

Adhe'sion (zhun), n. act of 
sticking to. 

Adhe'sive, a. sticking. 

Adieu' (-duO, ad. good-by. 

Adipocere% n. a waxy sub- 
stance formed from decom- 
posed animal bodies. 

Adipose' (pes'), a. fatty. 

Adja'centf a. near, contigu- 
ous: adja'cency» n. 

Ad'jecdve, n. a word joined 
to a noun to qualify it. 

Adjoin', V. to join, be contigu- 

Adjourn' (-iGm'), v. to put 
off to another day, defer. 

Adjudge', v.a. to decide, 

Adju'dicate, v.a. to adjudge: 
adjudica'tion, n. 

Ad'junct, n. a thing joined to 
another: — a. joined to. 

Adjunc'tive, n. that which is 
joined: — a. joining. 

Adjure', v.a. to charge on oath 
or solemnly: adjuni'tion, n. 

Adjusf , v.a. to make just, set- 
tle, put in order: -ment, n. 

Ad'jutant, n. a military officer 
who assists the major or the 
colonel: ad'jutancy, n. 

Adju'tor, n. helper. 

Admeas'ure, v.a. to measure. 

Admin'ister, v.a. to serve, 
supply, give; manage, act 
as administrator: admini- 
stra'tion, ».: admin'istra 
tive, a. 

Administra'tor, n. he who 
manages the estate of a man 
dying mtestate:/em. admin- 

Ad'mirable, a. worthy of be- 
ing admired, excellent. 

Ad'miral, n. the commander 
of a fleet: -ty, n. board of 
officers for managing naval 

Admire', v. to regard with 
wonder; like much: admi- 
ra'tion, ».: admi'rer, n. 

Admis'sible, a. that may be 
admitted, allowable. 

Admis'sion (-mish'un), n. 
admittance, allowance. 

Admif , v.a. to suffer to enter, 
allow: admif tance, n. 

Admix', v.a. to mingle with: 
admizf ure, ». 

Admon'ish, v.a. to warn, ad- 

Admoni'tion (-nish'un). n. 
warning, counsel, kind re- 
proof: ajs. admon'itive, ad- 

Ado' (-doo'), n. bustle, trouble. 

Adoles'cent, a. growing to 
manhood: adoles'cence, n. 

Adopf , v.a. to take as one's 
own: adop'tion, n. 

Ador'able (-dor'-), a. worthy 
to be adored: adora'tion, n. 

Adore', v.a. to worship, love 
intensely: ador'er, ». 

Adorn', v.a. to deck, embel- 
lish: adam'ment, n. 

Adroif, a. dexterous, skilful: 
-ly, ad.: -ness, «. 

AdtUa'tion, ». gross flattery: 
ad'ulatory, a. 

Adulf , a. grown up, of mature 
age: — n. a grown-up person. 

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Adul'terate, vm. to corrupt or 
debase: adultera'tion, n. 

Adurterous, a. guilty of adul 

AdUl'tery, n. violation of the 
marriage bed: adul'terer, 
n.'.ftm. adurteress, n. 

Adum'brate, v.a. to shadow 
faintly: adum'brant, a.: 
adumbra'tion, n. 

Advance', v.a. to put for- 
ward, promote; pay before- 
hand: — v.i. to go forward 
— «. a going forward, im 
provement, rise; payment 
beforehand: -meiit» n. 

Advan'tage, ». favorable 
state; benefit, gain; profit: — 
V. to benefit, profit: advan- 
ta'geous, a. 

Ad'vent, n. a coming^ the four 
weeks before Christmas. 

Adventi'tious (-tish'us), 
accidental, casual. 

Advenf ure, n. a chance, risk, 
enterprise: — v. to venture: 
advenfurer, n. 

Advent'urous, a. venture- 

Ad'verb, n. a word joined to a 
verb, &c.: adver1i>ial, a. 

Ad'versary, «. an opponent 

Adver'sative, a. noting oppo- 

Ad'verse, a. contrary, calami- 
tous: -ly, ad.', -ness, n. 

Adver'sity, n. affliction, ca- 

Advert', v.n. to attend, regard. 

Advertise' (-tiz'), v. a. to in- 
form, give public notice of: 
adver'tisement (-vfir'tlz- or 
-v6r-tiz'-), «. 

Advice', n. counsel, notice. 

Advis'able (-viz'-), a. prudent. 
Advise' (-viz'), v. to counsel, 

inform: -ment, n. 
Advis'edly, ad. heedfuUy. 
Advi'sory, a. giving advice. 
Ad'vocate, v. a. to plead for: 

— n. a pleader. 
Advow'son (zun), n. right of 

presenting to a benefice. 
Adze; «. a kind of axe. 
iEo'lian, a. pertaining to or 

acted upon by the wind. 
A'erate, v.a. to charge with 

air or carbonic acid: aera'- 

tion, n. 
Ae'rial, a. of or in the air, high . 
Ae'rie (e'ri or a'e-rl), n. nest of 

a bird of prey, as an eagle; 


A'eriform, a. in the form of 

A'erify, v.a. to change into air 

or gas; fill with air: aeri- 

fica'tion, n. 
A'erolite, «. a meteoric stone. 
Aerorogy, n. science of the 

Aerom'eter, «. an instrument 

for weighing air and gases: 

aerom'etry, n. 
A'eronaut, ». one who sails in 

an air-ship, &c.: -ic, a. 
Aeronauf ics, n. the art of 

sailing in the air. 
A'eroplaiie, n. a flying-ma- 
chine on the principle of the 

Aerostaf ics, ». the science 

which treats of the weight 

and equilibrium of air: 

aerostaf ic, a. 
.ffisthefics (6s-thefiks), «. 

the science of the beautiful : 

(z/5. flssthef ic, sesthefical. 

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Affable, a. easy of conversa- 
tion, sociable: afiEabUlty, n. 

Affair', n. business, concern^ 
matter; a minor battle. 

Affecf , v.a. to act on, influ- 
ence; assume, feign: -ed, a. 
disposed; full of affectation: 
-edly, ad.: -ing» a. moving 
the feelings. 

Affecta'tion, n. artificial show, 

Affec'tion, n. love, fondness, 
feding; disease: -ate, a. 

Affi'ance, n. marriage con- 
tract, trust: — v.a. to betroth 

Affi'ant, n. maker of an affi- 

Affida'vit, n. a written declara- 
tion sworn to. 

Affil'iate, v.a. to adopt as a 
son, receive into a society as 
a member: affilia'tion, n. 

Affin'ity, n. relationship; at 
traction; one to whom the 
heart is peculiarly and irre- 
sistibly attracted; a "soul 

AfSnn% V. to declare positive- 
ly: -able, a.: -a'tion, ».: 
-ative, a. & ».: -ant, n. 

A&xf, v.a. to unite to, attach. 

Affix, n. something added to 
the end of a word. 

Affla'tion, n. a breathing on. 

Affla'tus, n. inspiration. 

Afflicf , v.a. to grieve, distress: 
afflic'tion, n.: afflic'tive, a. 

Affluence, n. riches: afflu- 
ent, a. 

Affluent, n. a stream that 
flows into a body of water. 

Afflux, afflux'ion, n. a flow 
ing to; that which flows 

Afford', v.a. to yield or pro- 
duce, be able to bear the ex- 
pense of. 

Affray', n. a quarrel, brawl. 

Affrighf (fritO, v.a. to alarm: 
—n. fright. 

Affronf (-frflntO, v. a. to of- 
fend: — n. open insult. 

Affuse', v.a. to pour upon: 
affu'sion (-zhun), n. 

Afore', prep. & ad. before: 
-said (-s6d), a.: -thought, 
a. premeditated: -time, ad. 

Afraid', a. struck with fear. 

Afresh', ad. anew, again. 

Aft, ad. toward the stem. 

After, ^ep. behind, about; in 
imitation of: — ad. in later 
time: — a. subsequent: -clap, 
n. a subsequent unexpected 
event: -crop, n. a second 
crop: -math, n. second crop 
of grass: -noon, n. time 
from noon to evening: 
-pains, pi. pains after child- 
birth: -piece, n. a piece 
played after the main play: 
-thought, n. 

Afterward, afterwards, ad. 
in succeeding time, later. 

Again' (-gen'), ad. once more. 

Againsf (-genst'), prep, oppo- 
site to, in opposition to. 

Ag'ate, ». a precious stone. 

Age, n. a period of time, gen- 
eration, term of life; legal 
maturity; decline of life. 

A'ged (-jed), a. old. 

A'gent (-jent), n. one who 
acts, a deputy: a'gency, n. 

Agglom'erate, v. to gather 
into a ball or mass: ag- 
glom'erate, a. : agsjom* 
era'tion, «. 

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AgsLu'tinate, v.a. to unite as 
with glue: agglutina'tion, 
n.: agslu'tinative, a. 

Ag'grandize (-diz) v.a. to 
make great, exalt. 

Ag'sravate, v. a. to make 
worse; provoke: -a'tion, n. 

Ag'g^egate, v.a. to collect: — 
a. formed of collected parts: 
— n. sum of parts collected: 
aggrega'tion, n. 

Aggress', v.n. to begin hos- 

Aggres'sion, n. first act of 
injury, attack: aggres'siTe, 
a.1 aggiies'soCy n. 

Aggrieve' (grey'), v.a, to 
grieve, afflict, or injure. 

A^iasf (gastO, a. stupefied 
with horror. 

Ag'ile (aj'il), a. active, nim- 
ble: agil'ity (a-jil'-), n. 

Ag'itate, v.a. to stir violently, 
disturb, discuss: agita'tion, 
».: ag'itator, n. 

Agno'men, n. an added name. 

Ago', ad. in time past. 

Agog', ad. in an eager state. 

Ag'onize, v. to afflict with 
agony; to feel agony. 

Ag'ony, n. violent pain, an- 

A^a'rian, a. relating to land: 
-ism, n. the doctrine of 
the equal distribution of 

Agree', v.n. to be in concord, 
concur, suit: -able, a. suit 
able, pleasing: -meat, n. 

Ag'riculture, n. cultivation 
of the ground, husbandry: 
agriculf ural, a.: agriculf - 
urist, n. 

Aground', ad. on the ground 

A'gue (-gu), n. chills and fe- 
ver: a'guish, a. 

Ah, irU. an exclamation of sur- 
prise, &c. 

Ahead', ad. farther on. 

Aid, v. & n. help. 

Aide'-de-camp (-kawng), n. 
an ofiicer who aids a gen- 
eral: pi. aides'->de-camp. 

Ail, V. to give or feel pain, be 
ill: ail'ment, n. illness. 

Aim, V. to direct toward, point 
at; design, seek: aim, n. 

Air, ». the fluid which we 
breathe; mien, manner, look; 
a tune: — v.a. to expose to 
the air. 

Air'-gun, n. a gun discharged 
by compressed air. 

Air'-pump, n. a pump for re- 
moving air from a vessel. 

Air'-ship, ri. a flying-machine. 

Air'y, a. exposed to the air; 
gay: air'ily, ad. gayly. 

Aisle (il), n. a walk in a church. 

Ajar', ad. partly opened. 

Akim'bo, a. with hand on hip 
and elbow bent outward. 

Akin', a. allied by blood. 

Al'abaster, n. a kind of soft 
marble generally white. 

Alack', int. alas. 

Alac'rity, n. cheerful readi- 

Alamode' (a-la-mod'), ad. ac- 
cording to the fashion. 

Alarm', n. a call to arms, cry 
of danger, terror: — v.a. to 
terrify: -ist, n. one who in- 
cites alarm. 

Alas', int. exclamation of sor- 

Alb, ». a white linen vest- 

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AllMLtross* n. a large sea-bird. ! Al'iment, fi. nourishment, 
Albe'it (awl-), ad. though. I food: alimenfal, a.: all- 
Albi'no (-bf-), n. an abnor-l mentary, a. 

mally light-colored person. ;Al'imony, n. allowance to a 
Al'busnt n. a book for photo- wife on separation from her 

graphs or autographs, &c. ' husband. 
AlDu'men, n. a substance in Al'iquant, a. noting such parts 

the white of eggs: albu'tni-, of a number as do not meas- 

nouB, a. I ure it without a remainder. 

Al'chemy (-ke-), n. a pre-, Al'iquot, a. noting such parts 

tended science aiming to I of a number as measure it 

transmute base metals into! without a remainder. 

gold: ajs. alchemic, al-|Alive% a. not dead, living. 

chem'ical: al'chemist, n. 
Al'cohol, n. highly rectified 

spirit: alcohoric, a.: al'- 

coholism, n. 
Al'coran, n. See Koran. 
Alcove', n. recess in a library, 


ArkaU (IT or -li), n. a sub- 
stance caustic to the taste, 
as potash, that neutralizes 
acids: pi. allcalies: alka- 
les'cent, a.: al'kaline (-Un 
or -Im), a. 

Alkal'ify, v. to turn into an 

Al'der (awl'-), n. kind of, alkali: arkalize, v.a. 

tree. lAl'kaloid, n. a vegetable prin- 

Al'derman (awl'-), n. a cityj ciple having alkaline prop- 
officer: pi. al'dermen: al- erties. 
derman'ic, a. All, n. the whole: all, a. & ad. 

Ale, H. a malt liquor. Allay', v.a. to quiet, alleviate. 

Alem'bic, n. a vessel for dis- 

Alerf . a. watchful, active. 

Ale'wile, n. a kind of fish. 

Al'sebra, n. a kind of univer- 
sal arithmetic: ajs. alge- 
bra'ic, algebra'ical : al'- 
gebraist, n. 

A'lias, ad. otherwise: — «. an 
assumed name. 

Al'ibi, ». elsewhere. 

Allege' (-lej'), v.a. to declare: 
aliey^a'tion, n. 

Alle'Kiance (-jans), n. duty 
of a subject to his govern- 

Al'legory, n. a figurative dis- 
course: ajs. allegor'ic, alle- 
ffor'ical: ariegorize, v. 

Aue'gro. a. (Mus.) sprightly. 

AUe'viate, v.a. to ease, allay: 

Al'ien (al'yen), a. foreign, cs- Al'ley, n. a walk or passage. 

tranged: — n. a foreigner. AH Fools* day. April i. 
Al'ienate, v.a. to transfer; AUi'ance, n. a league, union. 

estrange: -a'tion, n. Alliga'tion, n. a rule or pro- 

Alighf , v.n. to descend. , cess of arithmetic. 

Align' (;lln'), v. to form in or Al'ligator, n. the American 

by a line: -ment, n. i crocodile. 


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Alli'sion (-lizh'un), n. a strik 
ing against. 

Ailitera'tion, n. repetition of 
a letter at the beginning of 
two or more wordfe close to 
each other: alliterative, a. 

Allocate, v.a. to allot: al- 
loca'tion, n. 

AUocu'tion, ». formal address. 

Allo'dium, n. land held in 
one's own ri^ht free from 
feudal obligation: -dial, a, 

Allop'athy, n. a name given 
to the ordinary practice in 
medicine: allopath'ic, a.: 
allop'athist, n. 

AUof, v.a. to distribute as by 
lot: allofment, n. 

Allow', v.a. to permit, grant. 

Alloy', n. a baser metal mixed 
with a finer: — v.a. to debase 
by mixing. 

All Saints* day. November i . 

All Souls* day. November 2. 

All'spice, n. Jamaica pepper. 

Allude', to refer to indirectly. 

Allure', v.a. to entice, attract, 
tempt by lure: -ment, n. 

Allu'sion, n. act of alluding, 
reference: allu'sive, a. 

Allu'vium, n. earth deposited 
upon land by water: allu'- 
vial, a. • 

Ally', v.a. to unite by com 
pact: — n. one allied, a con- 

Al'manac (awl'-), n. yearly 
calendar of months, weeks, 
days, &c. 

Almishf y (-mltl), a. all-pow- 
erful: The Almighf y, God 

Al'mond (a'mund), n. a nut 

Al'moner (al'-), n. distributer 
of alms. 

Al'most, ad. nearly, weU-nigh. 

Alms (amz), n. relief given to 
the poor: -house, n. a house 
in which paupers are sup- 

Al'oe (al'6), n. a plant: pi. 
al'oes, its medicinal juice. 

Alone', a. without company: 
— ad. only, sm^y. 

Aloof, ad. at a distance. 

Alpac'a, n. a fine cloth of wool. 

Al'Dha, n. the first letter in 
the Greek alphabet. 

Al'phabet, n. letters of a lan- 
guage: ajs. alphabef ic, -al. 

Al'pine, a. lofty, like the Alps. 

Alread'y, ad. before. 

Al'so, ad. in like manner, too. 

Al'tar, n. a place for o£Ferings. 

Al'ter, V. to change: -a'tion, 
«.: -ative, a. causing a 
change: -ative, n. a medi- 
cine that gradually restores 
to health. 

Al'tercate (al'-), v. n. to dis- 
pute, wrangle: -a'tion, n. 

Alter'nate (al-tSr'-), a. one 
after the other, by turns. 

Alter'nate or al'temate, v.a. 
to cause to follow by turns: 
to do by turns: altema'- 
tion, n. 

Alter'native, n. choice be- 
tween things 

Although', conj. though. 

Al'titude, n. height, elevation. 

Al'to, n. (Mus.) a part higher 
than tenor. 

Altogeth'er, ad. entirely. 

Alu'mina, n. a kind of earth. 

Alumin'ium, alu'minum, n. 
a kind of white metal. 

Alu'minous, a. containing 

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Alum'nus, n. pupil, graduate: 

pi. alum'ni. 
Al'vine (-vin), a. of the belly. 
Al'way, al'ways, ad. forever. 
Amain', ad. with force. 
Amal'gam, n. a combination 

of mercury with another 

Amal'samate, v. to mix or 

blend: amalgama'tion, n. 
Amanuen'sis, n. one who 

writes what another dictates: 

pi. -BC8 (-sez). 
Am'aranth, amaran'thus, n. 

a plant and its flower. 
Amaran'thine (-thin), a. like 

amaranth, unfading. 
Amass', v. a. to collect, heap 

Amateur' (-tor'), «. one who 

cultivates an art for the love 

of it. 
Am'ative, a. full of love, affec 

tionate: -ness, n. propensity 

to love. 
Am'atorv, a. relating to love 
Amauro'sis, n. loss of sight 

while the eye appears sound 
Amaze', v. a. to astonish: 

-ment, n. 
Am'azon, n. warlike woman. 

virago: amazo'nian, a. 
Ambas'sador, n. a minister 

sent from one nation to 

Am'ber, «. yellow fossil resin. 
Am'bergris (-gres), n. a gray 

ish fragrant substance. 
Ambidex'ter, n. one that can 

use both hands with equal 

skill; a double-dealer; am- 

bidezter'ity, ».: ambidez'- 

trous, a. 
Am'bient, a. surrounding. 

Ambigu'ity, n. uncertainty of 
meaning: ambig'uous, a. 

Ambi'tion (-bish'un), n. eager 
desire for power or fame, 
&c.: ambi'tious, a. 

Am'ble, n. an easy gait of a 
horse: — v.n. to move at an 

Ambro'sia (-zhi-a), n. food 
for the fabled gods: ajs. am- 
bro'sial, amtvo'sian. 

Am'brotype, n. a photograph- 
ic picture on glass. 

Am'bulance, n. carriage for 
the woimded or sick. 

Am'bulant, a. walking or 
moving about: ambula'- 
tion, n. a walking about: 
am'bulatory, a. 

Ambuscade', am'bush, n. a 
place where troops hide to 
attack by surprise; troops 
lying in wait: — v. to place 
or lie in ambush. 

Ameliorate (-mgl'yo-), v.a. 
to make better: ameliora'- 
tion, n. 

A'men', at/, so be it. 

Ame'nable, a. accoimtable. 

Amend', v. to make or grow 
better: -able, a.: -ment, n. 

Amends', n. recompense. 

Amen'ity, n. fJeasantness. 

Amerce', v.a. to pimish by 
fine: amerce'able, a. 

Amer'icanisni, n. a word or 
phrase peculiar to America. 

Am'ethyst (-thist), n. a pre- 
cious stone of a violet color. 

A'miable, a. lovely, kindlv, of 
sweet disposition: amiabil'- 
ity, ». 

Amian'thus, n. flaxen asbes- 

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Am'icable, a. friendly, kind. 
Amiss', ad. at fault, wrong. 
Am'ity, n. friendship, good 

Am'meter, n. appliance for 

measuring the force of elec- 
trical currents. 
Ammo'nia, n. a volatile alkali: 

ajs. ammo'niac, arnmoni'- 

Ammuni'tion, n. gunpowder, 

Am'nesty, n. a general par 

Amonc', axnon^sf , prep, in 

the midst of, mingled with. 
Am'orous, a. full of love. 
Amor'phous, a. shapeless. 
Amounf , v.n. to rise to, be 

equivalent: — ». whole simi 

or result. 
Amour' (mSorO, n. affair of 

Am'pere (pair), n. the elec- 
tric unit of quantity of 

Amphib'ian, n. an animal 

capable of living on land or 

in water: amphlb'ious, a. 
Amphithe'atre, n. a building 

of a circular or oval form for 

public shows, &c. 
Am'ple, a. large, extensive 

am'ply, ad.: am'plitude, n. 
Am'plify, V. to enlarge: am- 

plifica'tion, n. 
Am'putate, v.a. to cut off, as 

a imib: amputa'tion, n. 
Am'ulet, n. a charm against 

Amuse', v.a. to entertain, di- 
vert: -ment, n. 
Amyla'ceous (-shus), a. of or 

like starch. 

Anabap'tist, n. one who does 
not believe in the validity of 
infant baptism: anabap'- 
tism, H. 

Anach'ronisin, n. error in 
computing time or dates. 

Anacon'da, n. a very large 

Anaesthef ic, n. a substance 
used to render persons insen- 
sible to pain: anaesthef ic, a. 

An'asram, n. transposition of 
the letters of a word. 

Anal'ofy, n. agreement or 
correspondence in some re- 
spects between things other- 
wise different: analog'ical, 
a.: anal'ogous, a. 

Anal'ysis, n. a resolving or 
separating a thing into its 
elements for examination: 
pi. anal'yses (sez): an'- 
alyst, n.: ajs. analyfic, 
analyfical: an'alyze, v. a. 

An'apest, n. a metrical foot, 
having two short syllables 
and one long one: -ic, a. 

An'archy, «. lack of govern- 
ment in a state: ajs. aaar'- 
chic, anar'chical: an'ar- 
chist, n. 

Anath'ema, n. ecclesiastical 
curse: anath'ematize, v.a. 

Anaf omy, «. art of dissecting 
animal bodies: science of the 
structure of the body: ana- 
tom'ical, a.: anaf omist, n. 

An'cestor, n. a progenitor, 
forefather:/(pm. an'cestress : 
an'cestral, a.: an'cestry, n. 

An'chor, n. an iron to hold a 
ship: — V. to hold by anchor; 
cast anchor: an'chorage, ». 
ground for anchoring in. 

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n. a recluse, hermit. 

Ancho'vy (-cho'-), n. a small 
sea-fish, used as a sauce. 

An'cient (in'shent), a. old, of 
old time: -ly, ad.: an'cients, men of ancient times. 

An'cillary, a. subservient. 

Andan'te, a. (Mm.) moder- 
ately slow. 

And'iron (-I-um), n. an iron 
to lay wood upon in a fire- 

An'ecdote, n. a short story: 
ajs. anecdotic, anecdof- 

Anem'one, n. the wind-flower. 

An'eurism, n. tumor formed 
by the widening of an artery. 

An^^el (an'jd). n. a celestial 
spirit: angeric (&n-), a. 

An'ger (ang'ggr), n. wrath, 
rage: — v.a. to make angry. 

An'^e (ang'-), n. inclination 
of two Imes; comer; fish- 
hook: — v.n. to fish with 
hook and line: an'gler, n, 

An'KUcan, a. English. 

An'^cism, ».* an English 
idiom: an'Klicize, v.a. 

An'gry, a. excited by anger, 
enraged: an'grily, ad. 

An'tiyLVBh (ang'gwish), n. acute 

An'cular, a. having angles: 
angqlar^ity, n. 

An'ile, a. old-womanish, im- 
becile: anil'ity, n. 

An'iline (-Hn), n. a coal-tar 
product yielding dyes. 

Animadver'sioii, n. criticism, 
censure, repro<^. 

AnimadvexT; v.n. to say by 
way of criticism. 

An'imalt n. an organized body 
having life and voluntary 
motion, an irrational crea- 
ture: an'imal, a.: -ism, n. 

Animal'cule, f>.a very minute 
animal: animal'cuuur, a. 

Animal^culuni- n. animal- 
cule: pi. animal'cula. 

An'imate, v.a. to give life, 
spirit, or vigor to, enliven: 
an'imate, a.: anima'tion, 
».: an'imator, n. 

Animos'ity, n. hatred. 

An'imtts, n. mind, intention. 

An'ise (-is), n. an aromatic 

Ank'le, n. the joint between 
the foot and leg. 

Ax^let, n. ankle ornament. 

An'nalist, n. writer of annals. 

An'nals, ». pi. history by 

Anneal'* vm. to temper, as 
g^ass or metals, by heat. 

Amiex', v.a. to add at the end, 
attach; unite: -action, n. 

Anniliilate, v.a. to destroy 
utteriy: annihila'tion, n. 

Anoiver'sarv; a. yearly: — n. 
day on which an event is 
annually celebrated. 

An'notate, v.n. to make notes 
or comments: annota'tion, 
H.: an'notator, n. 

Annof to, n. a ydlowish dye. 

Announce', v.a. to proclaim, 
make known: announce'- 

Annoy', v. a. to disturb, vex: 
annoy'ance, n. 

An'nual, a. yearly: — n. a pub- 
licati(Hi issued yearly; a 
plant that lives but a year: 
-ly, ad. 

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Annuity, n. a yearly allow- 
ance: annu'itant, n. 

Annul', v.a. to make null, 
abolish: annul'ment, n. 

An'nular, a. ring-shaped. 

An'nulate, a. having rings: 
an'nulose, a. 

An'nulet, n. a little ring. 

Annun'ciate (-shi-at), v.a. to 
announce: -action, n. 

An'odyne, n. a medicine as- 
suaging pain. 

Anoinf, v.a. to smear with 
ointment or oil: -ment, n. 

Anom'alous, a. irregular, out 
of rule: anom'aly, n. 

Anon% ad. soon. 

Anon'ymous, a. without a 
name, — often contracted to 

Anoth'er (-lith'-), a. not the 
same, one more, any other. 

An'serine (-ine), a. goose-like. 

An'swer (-ser), v. to speak in 
return to, reply; satisfy, suit: 
— n. reply; result of a calcu- 
lation: -able, a. admitting 
reply; liable to account; 

Ant, ». an insect; pismire. 

Antag'onist, n. an opponent: 
antag'onism, n. opposition: 
ajs. antagonis'tic, antag- 
onis'tical; antaii'onize, v. 

Antal'gic, a. relieving pain. 

Antarc'tic, a. relating to the 
south polar regions. 

Antarthrific, a. curing gout. 

Antecedent, a. going before 
in time: antece'dent, ».: 
antece'dence, n. 

An'techamber, n. a room 
that leads to a chief apart- 

An'tedate, v.a. to date before 
the true time. 

Antedilu'vian, a. existing be- 
fore the deluge. 

An'telope, n. a deer-like ani- 

Antemerid'ian, a. before 

Antemor'tem, a. before death . 

Antemun'dane, a. before the 
creation of the world. 

Anten'nee, n. pi. the feelers or 
horns of in.sects. 

Antenup'tial, a. before mar- 

Antepas'chal (-kal), a. before 

Antepenulf , n. the last syl- 
lable of a word but two; 
antepenul'timate, a. & n. 

Ante'rior, a. going before, 
prior: anterior'ity, ». 

An'teroom, n. a room leading 
to the principal apartment. 

An'them, n. a sacred song. 

Another, n. top of the stamen 
in flowers. 

Anthology, n. a collection of 
flowers, or df poems. 

An'thracite, n. hard mineral 

Anthropology, n. science of 
the human species; anthro- 
polog'ical, a. : -orogist, n. 

Anthropomor'phism, n. the 
doctrine of a God in human 

Anthropoph'agi, n. pi. canni- 
bals: anthropoph'agy, n. 

An'tic, a. odd; fanciful: — n. a 
trick, prank, caper; buflFoon. 

An'ticnri8t,w. the great enemy 
of Christ and Christianity: 
antichrist ian, a. 

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Antic'ipate, v.a. to take or do 

before, foretaste: anticipa'- 

tion, n.: antic'ipator, n.: 

antic'ipatory (an-tis'-), a. 
Anticli'maz, n. a fiicure in 

rhetoric opposed to climax. 
An'tidote, n. a medicine that 

counteracts poison: an'ti> 

dotal, a. 
Antifeb'rile, a. curing fevers. 
Antimonarcli'ical, a. hostile 

to monarchy. 
An'timony, n. a britde whit- 
ish metal: antimo'nial, a. 
An'tinomy» n. a contradiction 

between two laws. 
Antipa'pal, a. opposing the 

Antip'athy, n. dislike, aver 

sion, opposition: -thef ic, a. 
An'tiphon, antiph'ony, n. 

alternate singing in choirs: 

antiph'onal, a. 
Antipn'rasis, n. use of words 

in a sense opposite to their 

meaning: antiphras'tic, a. 
An'tipode, tt. one who lives 

on the other side of the 

globe: pi. antip'odes (-dez): 

antip'odal, a. 
Antiqna'riao, a. relating to 

antiquity: — n. an antiquary: 

-ism, n. 
An'tiquary, n. one versed in 

An'tiqnated, a. grown old. 

old-fashioned, obsolete. 
Antique' (t5k'), a. ancient, 

old: — «. a relic of ancient 

Antiq'uity (-tik'we-), n. old 

times or a relic of old times. 
Antiscorbu'tic, antiscorbu'- 

tical, a. curing scurvy. 

Antisep'tic, a. & n. preven- 
tive of putrefaction. 

Antith'esis, n. contrast of 
thoughts or words: pi. an- 
tith'eses (-s6z): ajs. anti- 
thetlc» antithetical : anti- 
thetically, ad. 

Antitox'in, n. a substance 
formed in the body from 
the action of bacteria and 
specific against their poison. 

An'titype, n. the original, or 
that which is prefigured by 
the type: antityp'ical, a. 

Antler, n. branch of stag's 

An'tonym, n. a word opposite 
in meaning to another. 

A'nus, n. lower orifice of the 

An'vil, n. the iron block on 
which smiths hanuner their 

Anxi'ety (ang-zi'-), n. trouble 
of mind, concern. 

Anz'ious (angk'shus), a. soli- 
citous: -ly, ad.: -ness, n. 

Aor'ta, ft. the great artery. 

Apace', ad. quickly, swiftly. 

Aparf , ad. asunder, aside, 

Aparfment, n. a room. 

Ap'athy, n. want of feelmg, 
indifference: apathef ic, a. 

Ape, n. a tailless monkey; a 
silly imitator. 

Ape'rient, a. gently purgative. 

Ap'erture,M. an oj)ening, hole. 

Apef alous, a. without petals. 

A'pex, «. the summit, top: pi. 
a'pexes or ap'ices (-sSz). 

Aphelion, n. point of a plan' 
et's orbit that is farthest 
from the sun: pi. aphe'lia. 

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Aph'orism, n. a in-ecept ex- 
pressed in few words, a max- 
im: aphoristic, a. 

Aph'thong (ap'- or af), n. a 
letter or letters without 

A'piary, n. a place where bees 
are kept. 

Apiece', ad. to each one's 

Apoc'alirpse, n. revelation, the 
Revelation to St. John: ajs. 
apocalirp'tic, -lyp'tical. 

Apoc'ope, «. the cutting oflF of 
the last letter or syllable of a 

Apoc'rirpha, n. pi. books ap- 
pended to the Old Testa- 

Apoc'ryphal, a. of doubtful 

Ap'odal, a. without feet or ven- 
tral fins. 

Ap'ogee, n. the point in the 
moon's orbit farthest from 
the earth. 

Ap'olocue (-ol-og), n. a fable. 

ApoVogy,n. a defence, excuse: 
apologet'ic, a.: ns. apoK- 
ogist, apoFogizer: apol'- 
ogize, v.n. 

Ap'ophthegm (ap'o-them), n. 
a maxim. See Apothegm. 

Ap'oplexy, ». a disease which 
by a sudden stroke takes 
away sense and the power of 
motion: apoplec'tic, a. 

Apos'tasy, «. desertion of 
one's religion, principles, or 
party: apos'tate, ».: apos'- 
tatize, v.n. 

Apos'tle (-posi), «. one sent 
to preach the gospel: -ship, 
n.: ajs. apostoric, -tol'ical. 

Apos'trophe, n. an address to 
the absent as if present; the 
mark * to denote that a word 
is contracted: -troph'ic, a. 

Apos'trophize, vm. to address 
as if present. 

Apoth'ecary, n. a druggist. 

Ap'othegm (ap'o-them), n. a 
terse pointed saying, maxim. 

Apothe'osis, n. deification. 

Appall', v.a. to terrify. 

Ap'panage, n. lands set apart 
by princes for younger chil- 

Appara'tus, n. a set of instru- 
ments, implements, &c. 

Appar'el, ». dress, clothing: — 
v.a. to dress. 

Appar'ent, a. visible, evident. 

Appari'tion (-rish'un), «. ap- 
pearance, spectre, ghost. 

Appeal', V. to transfer a cause 
to a higher tribunal; address* 
refer to: appeal', n. 

Appear', v.n. to be or become 
visible, seem: -ance, n. 

Appease', v.a. to quiet, pacify. 

Appel'lant, n. one who ap- 

Appel'late, a. relating to ap- 

Appella'tion, n. name. 

Appel'lative, a. serving to 
name; common, general: — 
n. a name common to all of 
a kind. 

Appellee', n. one who is ap- 
pealed against, a respondent. 

Appellor', n. an appellant. 

Append', v.a. to attach, add: 
append'age, n. 

Appendici'tis (-si'-), n. in- 
flammation of the vermif orm 

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Appen'diz, n. attached pan, 
supplement, anatomical pro- 
cess: j}L appen'dixes or ap- 
pen'dices (-sez). 

Appertain% v.h. to belong. 

Ap^petence, ap'petency, n. 
strong desire, natural ten- 

Ap'petite, n. de^re, hunger. 

Applaud', v.a. to praise by 
clapping the hands: ap- 
plause', n. 

Ap'ple, H. a fruit; pupil of eye. 

Appli'ance, n. act of applying 
or that which is applied. 

Ap'plicable, a. that mav be 
applied, suitable: applica- 
blnty, n. 

Ap'plicant, n. onewhoapi^es. 

Applica'tion, n. act of apply- 
ing or thing applied. 

AppTir', v.a. to put, devote:— 
v.n. to fit, have recourse. 

Appoint, v.a. to fix, settle, 
establish: appoinf ment, n. 

Appor'tion, v.a. to portion 
out: appor'tionmeiit, n. 

Ap'posite, a. proper, fit. 

Apposi'tion (-zish'un), n. the 
putting of two nouns mean- 
mg the same thing in the 
sante case. 

Appraise', v.a. to set a price 
upon: apprais'er, n. 

Appre'ciate (-shl-§t), v.a. to 
estimate justly: appre'ci- 
able. a.: apprecia'non, n. 

Apprenend', v.a. to lay hold 
on, conceive; fear: appre- 
hen'sion, ».: apprenen'- 
sive, a. 

Appren'tice, n. one bound to 
a master to learn a trade: ap- 
pren'tice, v.a.: -shipf n. 

Apprise', v.a. to inform. - 

Approach', v. to draw near: — 
n. a drawing near: -able, a. 

Approba'tion, n. act of ap- 
proving: ap'probative, a. 

Appro'priate, v.a. to set 
apart, take as one's own: — a. 
adapted, fit: -ly, ad.: -ness, 
n.: appropria'tion, n. 

Approve' (-56v'), v.a. to like, 
commend: appro v'al, n. 

Approx'imate, v. to draw 
near: — a. near: -a'tion, n. 

Ap'pulse, appul'sion, n. act 
of striking against. 

Appur'tenance, n. that which 
appertains: appur'tenant.a. 

A'pncot, n. a fruit of the plum 

A'pril, n. the 4th month. 

A'pron, n. a protective gar- 

Apropos' (-po'), ad. to the 

Apt, a. fit, proper, ready, quick . 

Ap'teral, ap'terous, a. wing- 

Ap'titude, n. fitness, tendency. 

Aquafor'tis, n. nitric acid. 

Aqua'rium, n. a tank or arti- 
ficial pond for water animals 
and water plants. 

Aquaf ic (-kw&t'-), a. belong- 
mg to or living in water. 

Aq'ueduct (we-), «. an arti- 
ficial chaimel for conveying 

A'queous, a. watery. 

Aq'uUine (lln or -lln), a. 
curved like an eagle's beak. 

Ar'abesque (-besk), a. in the 
Arabian style: — ». ornament 
or tracery of interlacing 
lines, foliage, figures, &c. 

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Ar'able, a. fit for the plough. | 

Ar'biter, n. an umpircj, |udge. 

Arbit^rament, n. decision. 

Ar'bitrary, a. bound by no 
law, despotic, absolute. 

Ar'bitrate, v. to judge of or 
give judraient: arbitra'tion, 
».: ar^bitrator* n. 

Alitor, n. a seat or walk 
shaded by trees or vines. 

Arbores^cent, a. tree-like. 

Ar'boriculture, n. culture of 
trees and shrubg. 

Arc, ». part of a curve. 

Arcade', n. a series of arches 
with a walk under them. 

Arca'num, n. a secret, a mys- 
tery: pi. arca'na.. 

Arch, ft. an arc, concave, 
vaiilted roof: — v. a. to form 
into or span with an arch. 

Arch, a. roguish, sly. 

Archseorogy (ar-ke-), n. the 
science of antiquities: ar- 
chaeol'ogist, n. 

Archa'ic (ar-ka'-), a. ancient. 

Ar'chaism (-ka-), n. anti- 
quated word or phrase. 

Archan'gel (ark-), ». a chief i 

Archbish'op, n. chief bishop: 
archbish'opric, n. 

Archdea'con, ». a deputy of a 

Archduke', n. a prince of 
. Austna:/«m. archduch'c 

Arch'er, n. one who shoots 
with a bow: arch'ery, ». j 

Ar'chetype (-ke-), «. the orig- 
inal model: archety'pal, a) 

Archfiend', n. the chief of 
fiends. I 

Archiperago (ar-kY-V n. a seal 
abounding in small islands. 

Ar'chitect (ar'ky-), «. a scien- 
tific builder: -ure, », art or 
science of building: archi- 
tecf ural, a. 

Ar'chitrave,w. the chief beam, 
lower part of entablature. 

Ar'chives (ar'klvz), n. pi. pub- 
lic records, or the place in 
which they are kept. 

Arch'way, n. arched passage. 

Arc'tic, a. northern. 

Ar'dent, a. hot, zealous, eager: 
ns. ar'dency, ar'dor. 

Ar'duous, a. lofty, difficult. 

Are (ar), «. a metric measure 
containing loo square me- 
tres or 1 19.6 square yards. 

A'rea, n. superficial contents. 

Are'na, n. a place for contests. 

Ar'dent, a. silvery. 

Argilla'ceous, a. clayey. 

Ar'gosy, n. merchant ship. 

Ar'gue, V. to reason, debate. 

Ar'gument, n. a reason al- 
leged, plea: -ative, a. 

Argumenta'tion, ». process 
or act of reasoning. 

Ar'id (Sr'id), a. dry, parched 
with heat: arid'ity, n. 

Arise', v.n. to get up, ascend. 

Aristoc'racy, n. government 
by nobles; the chief per- 

Ar'istocrat {or ir-is'-), n. one 
of the aristocracy: ajs. aris- 
tocrafic, aristocraf ical. 

Arith'metic, «. science of 
numbers: arithmef ical, a.: 
arithmeti'cian (-tish'an), ». 

Ark, n. a chest; large vessel. 

Arm, n. limb from hand to 
shoulder; branch; weapon. 

Arm, V. to furnish with arms 
or take arms or weapons. 

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Arma'da, n. a very great fleet 
of armed vessels. 

Ar'mament, n. a warlike 
force; a ship's guns, &c. 

Ar'mature, ». armor; a piece 
of iron connecting a mag- 
net's poles. 

Ar'mistice, n. short cessation 
of hostilities. 

Armlett n. a bracelet. 

Ar'mor, n. defensive arms for 
the body: -er, «. one who 
nyikes or cares for armor. 

Armo'rial, a. pertaining to 
the arms of a family. 

Ar'mory, n. place for arms. 

Arms, M. pi. weapons; armo- 
rial ensigns. 

Ar'my, n. a large body of 
armed men. 

Aro'ma, n. sweet odor, spicy 
smellraromafic, a. 

Around', ad. & prep, about. 

Arouse', v. to rouse. 

Ar'quebuse (-bus), n. an old- 
fashioned hand-gun. 

Arrack', n. a spirit from the 
cocoa-tree, from rice, &c. 

Arraign' (-ran'), v. a. to indict, 
accuse: arraign'ment, n. 

Arrange' (ran)'), v.a. to put 
in order, adjust: -ment, n. 

Ar'rant, a. bad, notorious. 

Ar'ras, n. tapestry. 

Array', v.a. to put in order; 
adorn: — n. order, dress. 

Arrear', n. that which re- 
mains unpaid after it is 

Arresf , v.a, to seize, stop: — 
n. a seizure by legal process. 

Arrive', v.n. to come to any 
place: arri'val, n. 

Ar'rogant, a. haughty. 

Ar'rogate, v.a. to claim \m- 

Ar'row, n. a missile for a bow. 

Ar'rowroot, n. an edible 
starch from a certain root. 

Ar'senal, n. magazine of arms. 

Ar'senic, n. a poisonous sub- 
stance: arsen'ical, a. 

Ar'son, n. criminal house- 

Art, n. skill, artifice; branch 
of learning or industry, pro- 
fession, tnide; esp. a depart- 
ment of aesthetic perform- 
ance (fine art), or, pL, those 
of mechanical or industrial 

Ar'tery, n. a tube conveying 
blood from he heart: arte'- 
rial, a. 

Arte'sian (-te'd-an), a. made 
by boring into the earth, as 

Arf ful, a. crafty, skilful. 

Arthrif ic, a. gouty. 

Ar'tichoke, n. a vegetable. 

Ar'ticle, «. a particular thing, 
clause, or item; a part of 
speech: — v. a. to bmd by 

Artic'ular, a. relating to the 

Artic'ulate, v. to speak or 
utter distinctly: — a. distinct. 

Articula'tion, n. distinct ut- 
terance; juncture of bones. 

Ar'tifice, ». trick, deceit. 

Artificer, ». skilled workman. 

Artifi'cial (-fish'al), a. made 
by art, not natural: -ly, ad. 

Artil'lery, n. cannon, mortars, 
&c.; troops who manage 
them: artil'lerist, n. 

Ar'tisan (zan), n. a mechanic. 

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ArXfiBt, «. one who practises 
a fine art: artis'tic, a. 

Artless, a. void of art, siinp>le. 

Asbes'tos, asbes'tus, n. in- 
combustible fibrous mineral. 

Ascend^ v. to move upward. 

Ascend'ant, a. rising, domi- 
nant: ascend'ancy, n. 

Ascenf , it. act of rising; a 
height: ascen'sion, n. 

Ascertain', v.a. to determine. 

Ascefic, a. austere, recluse: 
ascef ic» n.: asceticism, n. 

Ascribe', v. a. to attribute. 

Ascrip'tion, n. an ascribing. 

Ash, n. a tree and its wood. 

Ashamed', a. touched with 

Ash'es, n. pi. the dust or 
remains of anything burnt; 
a dead body. 

Ashore', ad. on shore. 

Aside', ad. to one side, apart. 

As'inine, a. of or like an ass. 

Askance', ad. sideways. 

Askew', ad. aside, awry. 

Asleep', a. & ad. sleeping. 

Asp, ft. small venomous ser- 

Aspar'acus, n. a vegetable. 

As'pect, n. look, view. 

As'pen, n. a species of poplar. 

Asper'ity, n. roughness. 

Aroerse, v.a. to vilify, slan- 
der: asper'sion, n. 

Asphalf , asphal'tum, n. a 
bituminous mineral . 

As'phodel, n. a kind pf lily. 

Asphyz'ia, n. suffocation. 

Aspi'rant, n, one who aspires. 

As'pirate, v.a. to pronounce 
with an h sound: — n. aspir- 
ated letter; mark ' to denote 
an h sound. 

A^ira'ti<m, n. eager desire. 

Aspire', vjt. to desire eagerly: 
aspir'inCt a. ambitious. 

Ass, n. an animal; dolt. 

Assafcef ida (-f«t'-), n. a fetid 
medicinal gum. 

Assail', v.a. to attack: >*nt, n. 

Assas'sin, n. secret murderer. 

Assas'sinate, v.a. to murder 
by secret assault: '4i'tion, n. 

Assaalf , n. a sudden attack: 
— v.a. to attack suddenly. 

Assay', v. to test or prov^ as 
metals: — n. trial, attempt: 
-er, H. one who assays 

Assem'ble, v. to gather to- 
gether: assem'blage, n. 

Assemb'ly, n. a gathering, 
meeting, assembled body. 

Assenf , v.n. to agree to, con- 
sent: assenf , n. 

Asserf , v.a. to declare posi- 
tively: asser'tion, n. 

Assess, v.a. to tax: -or, n. 

As'sets, «. pi. goods or prop- 
erty for the discharge of 
debts or legacies, &c. 

Assev'erate, v.a. to affirm 
solemnly: assevera'tion, n. 

Assidu'ity, n. diligence. 

Assid'uous, a. diligent, busy. 

Assign' (-sin'), v.a. to mark 
out, appoint, make over: 
-ment, n. allotment, trans- 
fer of property. 

Assisna'tion, n. appointment 
to meet. 

Assignee', n. one to whom an 
assignment is made. 

Assignor', n. one who assigns. 

Assim'ilate, v. to make or 
become similar: assimila'- 
tion, n.: aseim'ilative, a. 

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Assisf , v.a. to help, aid: as-; 
sisf ance, ».: •4Uit, ». & a. 

Assize', v.a, to fix the quan- 
tity or price of : assi'zer, «. 

Assi'zes, n. pi. a court or its 

Asso'ciate (-shi-at), v. to join 
or go in company with: 
asso'ciate, n. & a.: -action, 
n. union, society. 

As'sonant, a. having a similar 
sound: as^sonance, n. 

Assort', v.a. to arrange, class: 
-meat, n. things assorted. 

Assuage' (-swajO, ^.a. to al- 
lay, as pain: -ment, n.: 
assoa'sive, a. 

Assume', v,a. to take for 
granted, arrogate, claim. 

A^ump'tion, n. an assuming. 

Assure', v.a. to make sure, 
assert positively, insure: 
assur'ance, n. 

As'ter, n. a plant. 

As'terisk, n. a star, as *. 

As'teroid, n. a smail planet. 

Asth'ma (ast'-), n. a disorder 
of breathing: asthmaf ic, a. 

Aston'ish, v.a. to amaze, sur- 
prise: -ment, n. 

Astound', v.a. to astonish. 

As'tral, a. starry. 

Astray', ad. out of the right 

Astrin'sent, a. binding, con- 
tracting: — ». an astringent 
medicine: astrin'gency, n. 

Astrol'ogy, n. art of foretell 
ing events by the stars: as- 
trol'oger, n.": -log'ical, a. 

Astron^omy, n. science of the 
stars or heavenly bodies: 
astron'omer, n.: astro- 
nom'ical, a. 

Astute', a. shrewd, keen^ 

Asun'der, ad. apart. 

Asy'lum, n. place of refuge, a 
charitable mstitution. 

As'ymptote (as'im-tdt). n. a 
line which continually ap- 
proaches a curve but never 
meets it. 

A'theism, n. disbelief in God: 
a'theist, ».: ais. atheis'tic, 

Athense'um, i». a public semi- 
nary; public library or read- 

Athirsf , a. thirsty. 

Ath'lete, n. a contender in 
physical games, sports, &c.: 
athlef ic, a.: athlefics, n. 

Athwarf , prep, across. 

Aflas, It. a collection of 

Afmosphere, n. the air en- 
compassing the earth: ajs. 
atmospher'ic, -ical. 

Af om, n. an extremely small 
particle: atom'ic, a. 

Atoiie',v. to answer for, recon- 
cile, expiate: atone'ment, f». 

Atro'cious (-shus), a. wicked, 
cruel, bad: atroc'ity, n. 

Afrophy, n. emaciation. 

Attach', v.a. fasten, connect, 
gain over, seize. 

Attache (sha'), «. one at- 
tached to an embassy. 

Attach'ment, n. adherence, 
affection: a taking by legal 

Attack', v.a. to assail: — ». an 

Attain', v. to gain, obtain, 
reach: -able, a.: -ment, n. 

Attain'der, n. condemnation 
to loss of civil rights. 

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Attaint^ , v.a. to taint.disgrace, 
condemn: — n. stain, taint. 

Attem'per, v.a. to temper. 

Attempf, v.a. to try, en- 
deavor: — n. a trial. 

Attend% V. to wait on, accom- 
pany; heed; be present: 
-ance, n.: -ant, a.& n. 

Atten'tion, n. heed; civility. 

Atten'tive, a. paying atten- 
tion, heedful: -ly, ad. 

Atten'uate, v.a. to make thin 
or lean: attenisa'tion» n. 

Attesf , v.a. to bear witness 
to: ns. -er, -or: -a'tion, «. 

Af tic, n. a garret. 

Attire^ v.a. to dress, array: — 
n. clothes. 

At'titude, n. posture, position. 

Attitu'dinize, v.n. to assume 
aflFected attitudes. 

Attor'ney (-tdr-), n. one who 
acts for another, a lawyer. 

Attract^ , v.a. to draw, allure: 
attrac'tion, n. 

Attrib'ute, v. a. to ascribe: 
attrib'utable, a.: attribu'- 
tion, n.: attrib'utive, a. 

Af tribute, n. quality. 

Attri'tion (-trish'un), n. a 
wearing by friction. | 

Attune', v.a. to put in tune, i 

Au'bum, a. reddish-brown, j 

Auc'tion, n. a public sale to 
the highest bidder: -eer', n. 

Auda'cious (-shus), a. bold, 
impudent: audacity, n. 

Au'dible, a. that may be heard. 

Au'dience, n. a hearing; an 
assembly of hearers. 

Au'dit, v.a. to adjust, as an 
account: au'dit, n. 

Au'ditor, n. a hearer; one who 
audits an account. I 

Au'ditory, a. relating to hear- 
ing: — n. an audience; a iJace 
for hearers. 

Au'ger, n. tool to bore holes. 

Aucmenf, v. to enlarge: — n. 
increase: -ative, a.: -a'tion. 

Au'gur, n. sootlmyer: — v. to 
predict, conjecture: aucu'- 
rial, a.: au'gury, n. predic- 
tion from signs. 

Au'KUSt, n. the 8th month. 

Augusf, a. grand, majestic. 

Au'lic, a. of a royail court. 

Aunt (ant), n. a father's or a 
mother's sister. 

Aure'ola, n. halo of light. 

Au'ricle, n. the external ear. 

Auric'ular, a. pertaining to 
the ear; secret. 

Auric'ulate, au'riform, a. 

Auriferous, a. yielding gold. 

Au'rist, ». surgeon for the ear. 

Auro'ra, n. dawn: auro'ra 
borea'lis, northern lights: 
auro'ral, a. 

Ausculta'tion, n. a listening 
to sounds in the body to de- 
tect disease, as of the lungs. 

Au'spice, n. omen, influence. 

Auspi'cious, a. favorable. 

Austere% a. severe, harsh, 
stem: austerity, «. 

Aus'tral, a. southern. 

Authen'tic, a. genuine, true. 

Authen'ticate, v.a. to prove 
authentic: authenticity, n. 

Au'thor, n. a maker; writer. 

Author'ity, n. source, legal 
power, rule, weight of testi- 
mony: authoritative, a. 

Au'thorize, v.a. to give an- 
thorityto; justify: authori- 
za'tion, n. 

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Autobios'raphy, n. life of a 
person written by himself: 
autobios'rapher, ».: auto- 
hiogTApWicalf a- 

Atttoc'racy, n. absolute power. 

Au'tocrat, n. an absolute sov- 

* erdgn: autocraf ic, a. 

Au'tograph, n. a person's own 
handwriting or signature: 
autograph'ic, a. 

Atttom'aton, n. a self-moving 
machine, or one made to 
imitate men or animals: pi 
autom'ata or -tons: auto- 
mafic, a. 

Automobile' (-bel'), «• vehicle 
propelled by an engine or 
motor within. 

Au'topsy» n. examination of a 
dead body. 

Au'tumn (-tum), n. the season 
between summer and winter, 

Auxiriary (awg-zil'ya-rl), a. 
helping: — n. a helper. 

Avaii% V. to profit, benefit, be 
of use: n. profit, advantage, 

Av'alanche (-lansh), n. snow, 
ice, &c., sliding down a 

Av'arice, n. greed for gam. 

Avari'cious, a. covetous. 

Avasf, int. stop, hold. 

Avaunf (-vawnt'), »«/• begone. 

A've,«. prayer to Virgin Mary. 

Avenge', v. a. to take ven- 
geance for: aveng'er, n. 

Avenue, n. passage-way; 
alley of trees; broad street 

Aver', v.a. to declare, assert. 

Av'erage, n. mean proportion, 
a mean: — a. being a mean: 
— v.a. to fix an average for. 

Averse', a. having a dislike to: 
aver'sion, n. hatred. 

Averf , v.a. to tum aside. 

A'viary, n. place for birds. 

Avia'tion, n. aerial naviga- 
tion: a' viator, n. one who 
rides in a flying-machine. 

Avid'ity, n. eagerness. 

Avoca'tion, n. business that 
calls aside. 

Avoid', v.a. to shun: -ance, n. 

Avoirdupois' (av-er-du-poiz'), 
n. weight of i6 oz. to the lb. 

Avouch , v.a. to aflarm, assert. 

Avow', v.a. to declare openly, 
confess: -al, «.: -edly, ad. 

Avul'sion, n. a tearing away. 

Awaif , v.a. to wait for. 

Awake', v. to rouse from 
sleep, wake: — a. not asleep. 

Awa'ken (-kn), v. to wake. 

Award', v.a. to adjudge, 
decree: — n. judgment. 

Awajr', ad. at a distance, off. 

Awe, n. reverential fear: — v.a. 
to strike with fear: aw'ful,a. 

Awk'ward, a. clumsy. 

Awl, n. tool to punch holes. 

Awn, n. beard of grain, &c. 

Awn'ing, n. a cover 'to keep 
off the sun's rays or the rain. 

Awry' (a-ri'), ad. askew. 

Axe (aks), n. tool for chop- 
ping, &c. 

Az'iom, n. a self-evident truth: 
axiomaf ic, a. 

Az'is, n. line on which a body 
revolves; stem of a plant: 
pi. ax'es (-ez): az'ial, a. 

Az'le (ak'sl), n. shaft on which 
a wheel revolves. 

Ay, aye (i), ad. yes. 

Aye (a), ad. always, ever. 

Az'ote, n. nitrogen. 

A'zure (a'zhur or azh'ur), a. 
light-blue, sky-colored. 

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Baa (ba), n. the cry of a sheep: 
— v.n. to bleat. 

Bab'ble, n. idle talk, prattle: 
bab'ble, v.n.: bab'Dler, n. 

Balbel, n. confusion, disorder. 

Baboon', n. a large monkey. 

Baccalau'reate, n. the de- 
gree of a bachelor of arts. 

Bac'chanal, n. drunken revel- 
ler: pi. drunken revels: bac- 
chana'lian, a. & n. 

Bach'elor, n. an unmarried 
man; one who has taken his 
first degree in arts. 

Bacil'lus, n. a rod-shaped 
bacterium: pi. bacil'li (li). 

Back, n. hinder part, rear: 
— a. Si ad. behind. 

Back'bite, v.a. to slander 
secretly: back'biter, n. 

Backgam'mon, n. a game. 

Back'ground, n. ground be- 

Backslide^ v.n. to fall away 
in religion, &c.: -slid'er, n. 

Back'ward, a. behind,* unwill- 
ing, dull, late. 

Back'woods, n. pi. remote, 
wild regions: backwoods'- 
man, n. 

Ba'con (ba'kn), n. hog's flesh 
salted and dried with smoke. 

Bacteriorogy, «. science of 
bacteria: bacterioloc'ical, 
a.: bacteriorogist, n. 

Bacte'rium, n. a minute or- 
ganism, often the germ of 
disease: pi. bacte'ria: bac- 
te'rial, a.: bacte'ricide, n. 
an agent for destroying 

Bad, a. ill, not good, evil. 

Badge, n. a mark or sign of 

Bad'ger, n. a small quad*- 
ruped: — v.a. to worry. 

Badinage' (-in-^hO« »• play- 
ful talk, banter. 

Baf'fle, v.a. to frustrate, balk. 

Bag, n. sack or pouch. 

Bagatelle', n. a trifle; a game. 

Bag'gage, ». luggage. 

Bagn'io (ban'yo), n. bath- 
house; brothel; a Turkish 

Bag'pipe, n. a Scotch musi- 
cal wind instrument. 

Bail, n. surety for another; a 
handle: — v.a. to release or 
deliver by bail: -able, a.: 
-ee', n. one to whom goods 
are delivered in trust: -iff, n. 
a sheriff's deputy: -iwick, n. 
jurisdiction of a bailiff: 
-ment, n. delivery of goods 
in trust: -or, n. one who 
delivers goods in trust. 

Bait, v. to put food on a hook; 
give refreshment to; tease, 
provoke; to take refresh- 
ment: — n. refreshment; a 

Baize, n. coarse woollen stuff. 

Bake, v. to dry or cook by 
heat: bak'er,«.: bak'ery,«. 

Bal'ance, n. a pair of scales; 
what is wanted to make two 
things even or equal: — v.a. 
to make equal, adjust: — v.n. 
to hesitate. 

Barcony, n. gallery in front 
of a window, &c. 

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BALD 4! 

Bald, a. without hair on the 

head; unadorned: -ness, n. 
Bal'derdash (bawl'-), n. a 

jumble; nonsense. 
Bald'ric, n. belt, girdle. 
Bale, n. package of goods: 

v.a. to dip water from; pack. 
Bale'ful, a. full of evil. 
Balk (bawk), v.a. to frustrate. 
Ball, n. a round body; ento*- 

tainment of dancing. 
Bal'lad, n. a short narrative 

Bal'last, n. heavy matter to 

keep a ship, &c., steady: — 

v.a. to make steady. 
Bal'let, ». a kind of dance. 
Balloon', n. a large bag filled 

with gas to sail in the air: 

balloon'ing, ». 
Bariot, n. ^l or ticket for 

voting: v. to vote by ballot. 
Balm (bUm), n. a fragrant 

plant; an ointment. 
Balm'y, a. soothing, fragrant. 
Bal'sam (bawl'-), n. a fra- 
grant substance; a shrub. 
Bal'uster, n. a small column, 

as at the side of a staircase. 
Bal'ttstrade, ». row of bal- 
usters with a rail on the top. 
Bamboo', n. a reed-like plant. 
Bamboo'zle, v.a. to deceive. 
Bana'na (-ni'-or-na'-), «. a 

tropical tree and its fruit. 
Band'age, n. something that 

Bandan'na, n. a kind of 

colored handkerchief. 
BandlMX, ». box for hats, &c. 
Ban'dit, n, outlaw, brigand. 
Bandif ti, n. pi. brigands. 
Ban'dy, vm. to beat to and 

fro, give and take. * 


Ban'dy-leg, n. a crooked leg. 

Bane, n. poison, ruin: -ful, a. 

Bang, v.a. to thump: — n. a 

Ban'ish, v.a. to condemn to 
leave the country: -ment, ». 

Ban'ister, n. a baluster. 

Bank, n. ridge of earth, side 
of a river, lake, &c. 

Bank, «. place where money 
is deposited: — v.a. to de- 
posit m a bank: -able, a.: 
-er, «.: -ing, n. 

Bank'-note, n. a promissory 
note of a banking company. 

Bank'rupt, ». a trader who 
fails, or is unable to pay his 
debts: — a. unable to pay 
one's debts: — v.a. to make 
bankrupt: -cy, n. 

Ban'ner, n. a standard, flag. 

Banns, n. pi. proclamation of 
an intended marriage. 

Ban'quet, n. & v. feast. 

Ban'tam, n. kind of chicken. 

Ban'ter, v.a. to rally, jest at: 
— H. light ridicule. 

Bap'tisnif n. a religious cere- 
mony m which water is 
applied to the body: -al, a. 

Bap'tist, n. one who holds to 
baptism by immersion. 

Bap'tistery, «. font for bap- 

Baptize', v.a. to administer 
baptism to, christen. 

Barb, n. anything beard-like, 
point that projects backward 
m a fish-hook: — v.a. to arm 
with barbs. 

Barba'rian, a. & «. savage. 

Barbar'ic, a. barbarous. 

Bar'barisni, n. savage life; the 
use of an uncouth word. 

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Barbar'ity, ». savageness, 

cruelty: barl)arous, a. 
Barbecue, n. an ox or other 

large animal roasted whole. 
Bar^r, n. one who shaves 

beards and dresses hair. 
Bar'berry, n. a shrub and its 

Bard, n. a poet. 
Bare, a. naked, uncovered; 

mere: — v. to strip, uncover. 
Bar'gain (-gin), n. contract; 

favorable purchase: — v. n. to 

make a contract. 
Barge, n. a large boat. 
Bark, barque (bark), n. a 

three-masted vessel with 

square sails on the foremast 

and mainmast. 
Bar'ley, n. a kind of grain. 
Bar'ley-com, ». third of an 

Bar'nacle, n. a shell-fish. 
Barom'eter, n. an instrument 

to measure the weight of the 

atmosphere: baromefric.a. 
Barren, n. title of rank next 

below viscount :/tfm. bar'on- 

ess: baro'nial, a.: bar'on- 

age,». the body of barons. 
Bar'onet, n. title of rank next 

below baron: -Age, «. 
Bar'onetcy, n. rank of a 

Barouche' (-r56shO, n. a 

double-seated four-wheeled 

carriage with falling top. 
Bar'rack, n. a building for 

lodging soldiers. 
Bar'ratry, n. an encouraging 

of lawsuits: bar'rator, n. 
Bar'rel, n. a sort of cask; any 

long, hollow part, as of a 

gun: — V. to put in a barrel. I 

Bar'ren, a. unfruitful, sterile: 
— ». unfertile tract of land. 

Barricade', n. a fortification 
made in haste to bar the 
way: — v.a. to fortify ,stop up. 

Bar'rier, n. a defence, bar, or 
obstruction; boundary. 

Bar'rister, n. counsellor at 

Bar'row, n. a hand-carriage; 
a mound; a castrated hog. 

Bar'ter, v. to trafiic by ex- 
changing goods: bar'ter, n. 

Bar'ytone, «. male voice be- 
tween bass and tenor. 

Basalt' (-sawlf), n. a grayish 
black rock: basalf ic, a. 

Base, a. mean, vile, low. 

Base, n. bottom, foundation: 
I'.a.tolay the base of, found: 
-less, a. 

Base'ment, n. lowest story of 
a building. 

Bashaw', «. a Turkish gov- 

Bash'ful, a. diffident, shy. 

Bas'ilisk, n. fabulous serpent. 

Ba'sin (ba'sn), n. a small open 
dish; hollow place; dock. 

Ba'sis, ». foundation, base: pi. 
ba'ses (-sez). 

Bask, V. n. to lie in simshine. 

Bas'ket, n. vessel of twigs, &c. 

Bas'ket-ball, «. game at ball 
in which a basket forms the 

Bas-relief (ba-), n. figures in 
sculpture which do not stand 
far out from the background. 

Bass, n. a fish; a tree. 

Bass (bas), n. (Mus.) the low- 
est part: — a. low, grave. 

Bass'-vi'ol (bas-), n. musical 
stringed instrument. 

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BA8'tar<L n. one bom out of 

wedlock : — a, illegitimate, 

Baste, v.a. to beat with a 

stick; moisten with fat; sew 

Bastinade', bastina'dc* ». 

beating on the soles with a 

stick: — v.a. to beat thus. 
Bas'tion, n. a mass of earth 

standing out from a rampart. 
Batch, n. the bread baked, or 

anything made, at one time. 
Bateau' (bat-dO, n. a long, 

liffht boat: pi. bateaux. 
Bath, n. place or liquid to 

bathe in; a bathing. 
Bathe, v.' to wash, lave. 
Ba'thos, n. ludicrous descent 

in writing or speaking. 
Baton' (^-tongO, batoon' 

(l^t66n'), n. a staff or rod. 
Batra'chian (-kl-an), a. per- 
taining to animals of the 

frog kmd. 
Battarion (-yun), n. a body of 

Baf ten, n. a narrow strip of 

wood or board: v. to fatten. 
Bafter, v.a. to beat with re 

peated blows: — ». flour, 

eggs, &c. beaten together. 
Baf tering-ram, n. engine to 

batter down walls. 
Baf tery, n. a raised work for 

cannon; a set of cannon; in- 
strument for electricity; an 

assault by beating. 
Baf ting, n. cotton or wool in 

Baf tie, n. fight, combat :- 

to contend in bia.ttle. 
Baf tledoor, n. an instrument 

to strike a shuttlecock. 

Baftlement, n. parapet with 
open places at the top- 

Bawn>le, n. a gewgaw. 

Bawd, n. a procuress. 

Bawd'y, a. obscene, lewd. 

Bawl, v.n. to cry aloud. 

Bay, a. reddish-brown. 

Bay, n. arm of the sea; laurel- 
tree; compartment, recess. 

Bay, v.n. to bark, as a dog. 

Basr'bcrry, ». a shrub; berry. 

Bay'onet, n. a dagger fixed to 
a musket: — v. a. to stab with 
a bayonet. 

Bayou (bi'66), n. outlet or arm 
of a body of water. 

Bay-rum', «. spirit from the 
leaves of the bay-tree. 

Bay'-win'dow, n. a project- 
ing vdndow having a recess 

Bazaar' (-zSrO, n. an Eastern 
market-place; a fair. 

Be, v.n. to exist. 

Beach, n. shore, strand. 

Bea'con, n. a signal-fire. 

Bead (bed), n. a Uttle ball. 

Bea'dle, ». a petty ofilcer of a 
court, parish, &c. 

Bea'gle, n. a small hound. 

Beak, n. bill of a bird, point. 

Bealfer, n. a drinking-ojp. 

Beam (bem), n. main timber, 

Bart of a balance; ray of 
ght: — v.n. to shine. 
Bean, n. a well-known pulse. 
Bear, v.a. to carry, support, 

endure, bring forth, produce. 
Bear, n. a wild beast; one who 

wishes the price of stocks to 

go down. 
Beard (b€rd), n. hair on the 

chin, lips, &c.: — v.a. to take 

by the beard: -ed, a. 

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Bear'ing,!!. behavior, relation. 

Beast, n. an irrational animal; 
brutal person: -ly, a. 

Beat, V. to strike, throb, sur- 
pass, conquer: — n. stroke; 

Beatific (be-a-tif'ik), a. mak- 
ing happy, Uissful: beatifi- 
caption, n.: bcafify, v. a.: 
beaf itude (beat'-), «. 

Beau (b6}, n. a dandy, fop; 
lover: pi. beattz (boz). 

Beau-ide'al, n. ideal of excel- 

Beau'teotis (bu-), a. beauti- 
ful, handsome. 

Beau'tify, v.a. to make beau- 
tiful: beau'tifier, n. 

Beau'ty (bu'tiQ, n. an assem- 
blage of graces that pleases 
the eye: beau'tiful, a. 

Bea'ver (be'-), n. an animal 
and its fur; a kind of hat. 

Because', conj.Jor the cause 

Beck, v.a. to beckon: — ». a 
sign with the head or finger 

BecVon (bek'n), v. to make 
a sign with finger or head. 

Become' (-kum'), v.n. to come 
to be: — v.a. to befit, suit. 

Bed'dins, n. materials of bed. 

Bed'fellow, n. one in the same 

Bedighf, a. adorned. 

Bedi'zen (be-di'zn), v.a. to 
adorn gaudily. 

Bed'lam, n. a mad-house. 

Bed'ridden, a. confined to bed. 

Bed'stead, n. frame of a bed. 

Bee, n. insect that makes 

Beech, n. forest tree: -en, a 

Beef, n. flesh of an ox or cow. 

Beefsteak (stak), n. a cut of 

beef to broil. 
Beer, n. liquor made of malt 

and hops. 
Beet, n. a garden vegetable. 
Bee'tle, n. an insect; a mallet. 
Bee'tle, v.n. to jut out. 
Beeves (bevz), n. pi. cattle. 
Befall', V. to happen to. 
Befit', v.a. to suit, fit. 
Before', prep, in front of, prior 

to: ad. previously. 
Beforeliand, ad. previously. 
Befriend', v.a. to act as a 

friend to. 
Beg, v.n. to ask alms: — v. a. to 

Begef , v.a. to get, generate. 
Beg'gar, n. one who begs: — 

v.a. to reduce to beggary: 

-ly, a.: beg'gary, n. 
Be^in', v. to commence: be- 

gin'ner, ».: begin'ning, w. 
Begone' (-gon'), int. go away. 
Beguile' (gil'), v.a. to deceive. 
Benalf (-haO, n. part, sake. 
Behave', v. to conduct one's 

self, demean: behav'ior, n. 
Behead', v.a. to deprive of the 

Be'hemoth, n. a great beast. 
Behesf , n. a command. 
Behind', prep, back of, after. 
Behind'hand, a. & ad. being 

behind, in arrears. 
Behold', v.a. to see: -er, n. 
Behold'en (dn), a. indebted. 
Behoof, «. profit, advantage. 
Behoove', v.a. to be fit or 

necessary for, be meet for. 
Be'ing, n. existence; any thing 

or person existing. 
Bela'bor, v.a. to beat. 
Belate', v.a. to make late. 

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Belav*, VM. to beset; fasten. 
BelCA» V. to eject as wind from 

tlie stomach. 
Berdam, ». a hag. 
Belea'suer, v.a. to besiege. 
Berfry, n. part of a steeple in 

vdiidi bdls are hung. 
Belie', v.a. to contradict. 
Belief (-lef), n. assent to 

what is thought true; thing 

Believe' (-lev'), v, to credit 

have belief: believ'er, n. 
Bell, n. a sounding vessel of 

Belladon'na, ». the plant 

deadly nightshade. 
Belle (bel), n. a fair lady. 
BeUes-leftres (bel-leftr), n. 

pl. polite literature. 
Bellig'ereiit, a. waging war, 
Bellow, v.n. to roar as a bull. 
Bellows, n. a machine for 

blowing a fire. 
Bell'-wether, «. a sheep car 

rying a bell and leading the 

Belly, H. part of the body con 

taining the entrails: — v.n. to 

swell out: -ache, n. 
Belov'ed (-luv'ed), a. much 

Below', prep, under in place, 

rank, &c.: — orf. lower down, 
Belt, n. a girdle or band. 
Bench, n. a long seat. 
Beneath' (-ne/»'), prep, un- 
der, below: — ad. bdow. 
Ben'edict, n. a married man. 
Benedic'tion, n. a blessing. 
BenefiM'tion, n. benefit con- 
ferred: benefac'tor, n. one 

who confers a benefit: /em 

benefac'tress, n. 

Ben'efice (-fis), n. an ecclesi- 
astical living. 

Beneficence, n. bounty, kind- 
ness, charity: beneficent, at 

Benefl'cial (-fish'al), a. ad^ 
vantageous, useful. 

Benefi'ciary (-fish'ya-ri), n. 
one who holds a l)enefice or 
receives a benefit. 

Ben'efit, n. a favor, advan-' 
tage: — v.a. to do good to> 

Benev'olentf a. full of good- 
will, chlmtable: -lence» n. 

Benighfed, a. overtaken by 
night; ignorant. 

BenlJEn' (-nin'), benis'nant, 
a. kind: benig'nity, ». 

Ben'ison (-zn), n. a blessing. 

Benumb', v. a. to make numb. 

Benzine (ben'zin or -z6n'), n. 
an oily substance from coal. 

Benzoin', n. a resinous sub- 

Bequeath' (-kW«A'), v.a. to 
leave by will: beouesf , n. 

Berate', v.a. to scold sharply. 

Bereave', v.a. to deprive, esp. 
by death: bereave'ment, n. 

Ber'gamot, n. a pear; a per- 

Ber'ry, n. any small soft fruit 
containing seeds. 

Berth, n. station of a ship; 
place in a ship, car, etc., to 
sleep in; official situation or 

Bcr'yl (bCr'il), n. a green pre- 
cious stone. 

Beseech', v.a. to entreat. 

Besef , v.a. to surround, at- 

Beside', prep, by the side of; 
aside from. 

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Beside', besides', ad. in addi- 
tion, over and above. 

Besiege' (-sejO, v.a. to lay 
siege to: besieg'er, n. 

Be'som (-zum), n. broom 

BesoF, v.a. to make sottish. 

Bespeak', v.a. to speak for 
beforehand; betoken. 

Best, a. superl. of Good. 

Besf ial (bfef yal). a. beasdy, 
brutish: bestial'ity, n. 

Bestir', vm. to move quickly. 

Bestow', v.a. to stow; confer, 
give: -aI, ».: -ment, n. 

Bet, n. & VM. wag^. 

Betake', vm. to take one's self 

Bethink', v.a. to recollect. 

Betide', v. to befall, happen. 

Betimes', ad. seasonably. 

Beto'ken, vm. to signify. 

Betray', vui. to give up or 
disclose treacherously: -al, n. 

Betroth' (-tr6th), v.a. to 
pledge with a vievr to mar- 
riage: -al, n. 

Bef ter, a. comp. of Good:— 
ad. comp. of Well: — vm. 
to improve: -ment, n. 

Bef tor, n. one whe lays bets. 

Bef ty, n. tod to breali: doors 

Between', betwixf , prep, in 
the middle of two. 

Bev'el, ». slope of a surface; 
instrument to measure an- 
gles: — VM. to cut to a bevel . 

Bev'erage, n. liquor to be 

Bev'y, n. flock of birds; com- 
pany of girls or ladies. 

Beware', v.n. to be cautious, 
be suspicious of danger. 

Bewil'der, v.a. to perplex, 
confuse: bewil'derment, n. 

Beyond', prep, on the farther 
side ol:—ad. at a distance. 

Bez'el, n. part of a ring in 
which the stone is fixed. 

Bi'as, n. inclination, leaning, 
prejudice: — v. a. to give a 
bias to. 

Bib, ». a doth to put under a 
child's chin. 

Bib'ber, n. a toper, drunkard. 

Bi'ble, n. the sacred Script- 
ures: bib'lical, a. 

Biblioff'raphy, n. history or 
list of books: bibliog'ra- 
pher, ».: -craph'ical, a. 

Bibiioi'ogy. n. bibliography; 
biblical theology. 

Biblioma'nia, n. rage for pos- 
sessing books. 

Bib'ulous, a. given to imbib- 
ing, spongy. 

Biclfer, v.n. to wrangle. 

Bid, VM. to order; invite; offer. 

Bide, V. to abide. 

Bien'nial, a. living two years, 
happening once m two years. 

Bier (ber), n. a carriage for 
the dead. 

Bifur'cate, bifur'cated, a. 
having two forks or prongs. 

Big'amy, n. pie crime of hav- 
ing two wives or two hus- 
bands at once: biffamist, n. 

Bight (bit), n. small bay or in- 
let, coil of a rope. 

Big'ot, n. one blmdly zealous: 
big'oted, a. 

Big'otry, ». blind zeal. 

Bijou' (b€-zh66'), n. a jewel, 
trinket: pi. bijoux'. 

Bil'berry, n. a shrub and its 

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BilOtoes (-boz), ». pi. a sort of 
stocks for the feet. 

Bile, ». bitter fluid of the liver. 

Bilge, n. part of a cask; the 
bulging; greatest breadth of 
a ship's bottom: — v.n. to 
spring aleak. 

Bil'iotts (bil'yus), a. pertain- 
ing to bile. 

Bilk, vut. to cheat. 

Bill, ». a bird's beak; a writ- 
ten or printed statement; 
draft of a proposed law: — 
VM. to caress. 

Billet, n. a short letter; a 
stick: — v.a. to quarter, as 

BUlet-doux' (biiae-d560, n. 

Bill'iards (-yardz), n. pi, a 
game played with a cue and 
balb on a table. 

Bil'lingsgate, n. foul lan- 

BU'lion ( 

Bu'lion (-yun), n. a thousand 

Billow (-15), n. a great wave. 
Bima'nous, a. two-handed. 
Bimetallism, ». use of two 

metals (gold and silver) for 

Bi'nary, a. two-fold. 
Bind, V. to fasten as with a 

band, tie, contract oblige. 
Bind'er, ». one who binds 

books, &c.: bind'ery, n. 
Bin'nacle, n. ship's compass- 
Binoc'ular, a. for two eyes, 
Binom'ial, a. having two 

Biog'raphy, n. history of one's 

life: -pher, ».: biograph'- 


Biol'ogy, ». science of life. 
Bi^'artite, a. divided into two 

like parts. 
Bi'ped, n. an animal with two 

Bipen'nate, a. having two 

Bi'plime, n. a flying-machine 

having two planes. 
Birch, n. a forest tree: -en, a. 
Bird, n. a feathered animal. 
Bird*8'-eye. a. seen from 

above as by a bird. 
Birth, n. a coming into life, 

offspring, extraction, origin. 
Birth^day, ». the day of one's 

birth or its anniversary. 
Birth'right, ». right bv birth. 
Bis'cuit (-kit), n. a kind of 

Bisecf , v.a. to divide into two 

equal parts: bisec'tion, n. 
Bisn'op, n. one of the higher 

clergy who has charge of a 

diocese: bish'opric, n. 
Bis'muth (biz'-), n. a reddish- 
white metal. 
Bi'son, n. a kind of wild ox. 
Bissez'tile (-til), «. leap-year. 
Bis'tre (bis'tgr), n. a brown 

Bit, n. mouth-piece of a bridle; 

piece, morsel, tool for boring. 
Bitch, n. a female dog. 
Bite, v.a. to pierce or crush 

with the teeth: — n. a grasp 

by the teeth; something bit- 
ten off. 
Bi'ting, a. sharp, caustic. 
Bif ter, a. having a biting, hot, 

acrid taste; sharp; afflicting. 
Bif tern, ». bird with long legs. 
Bitu'men, n. an inflammable 

mineral: bitu'minoos, a. 

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Bi'valve, n. an animal having 
two valves: bivalv'ular, a. 

Biv'ouac (biv'wak), v.n. to 
camp at night in the open 
air: biv'ouac, n. 

Bizarre' (-zar'), a. odd. 

Blab. V. to tell, as secrets. 

Black, a, of the darkest color: 
— «. a black color; a negro: 
black, blacken, v. 

Black'amoor, ». a negro. 

Black-ball, v.a. to reject in 
voting by putting a black 
ball into the ballot-box. 

Black^berrv, n. a bramble 
and its black fruit. 

Blackn>oard, n. a black board 
for writing on with chalk. 

Black-cock. n. black grouse. 

Black-en (-kn), v. to make or 
grow black; to defame. 

Black-guard (blag-gard), n. 
a low, abusive fellow: — v.a. 
to revile. 

Blacklead, n. a mineral. 

Black-leg, ». a gambler. 

Black--letter, n. the old Eng- 
lish letter. 

Black-smith, n. a smith who 
works in iron. 

Blad'der, n. urinary vessel. 

Blade, n. a spire of grass; 
sharp part of a knife. &c. 

Blam-able (blam--), a. de- 
serving of blame. 

Blame, v.a. to charge with 
fault: — ». imputation of 
fault: -less, a.: -worthy, a. 

Blanch, v. to whiten. 

Blanc-mange- (bl^-mdnj-), n. 
a white food lUce jelly. 

Bland} a. mild, gentle. 

Blan-dish, vm. to flatter: 
-ment, n. 

Blank, a. white, void of writ- 
ing, pale; not having rhyme: 
— n. a void space. 

Blank-et, n. a woollen cloth 
for beds, &c. 

Blar-ney, n. gross flattery. 

Blaspheme-, v. to speak pro- 
fanely: blasphem-er, n.: 
blas-phemous, a.: blas'- 
phemy, n. 

Blast, n. a blowing of air or of 
a wind instrument, wind: — 
v.a. to Uight. 

Bla-tant, a. bellowing like a 

Blaze, ». a flame, stream of 
light: blaze, v. 

Bla-zon (-zn), v.a. to publish 
widely; display: — n. pom- 
pous show. 

Bla-zonry, n. heraldry. 

Bleach, v. to whiten: -ery, n. 

Bleak, a. chilly, unsheltered: 
— n. a small river-fish. 

Blear, a. dim with rheum. 

Bleat (blet), v.n. to cry as a 
sheep: bleat, n. 

Bleed, v. to lose blood; draw 
blood from. 

Blem-ish, ». a spot, stain, de- 
fect: — v.a. to spot, stain. 

Blend, v. to mingle. 

Bless, v.a. to wish or cause 
happiness to: bless-ing, ». 

Bless-ed, a. very happy. 

Blight, n. that which blasts:— 
v.a. to blast. 

Blind, a. without sight, dark: 
— v.a. to make blind or ob- 
scure: — ». something to hin- 
der sight. 

Blind-fold, v.a. to cover the 
eyes of: blind-fold, a. 

Blind-man's-buff-, n. a play. 

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Blink, vji. to wink, see ob- 
scurely: — v.a. to evade. 

Bliss, n. happinebs: -ful, a. 

Blis'ter, ». a bubUe on the 
skin: a plaster: — v.n. to rise 
in blisters: — vm. to raise a 
blister on. 

Blithe QAlth), a. gay, joyous: 
-ful, a.: -some, a. 

Bloat, V. to swell, puff out. 

Bloc^ n. a heavy piece, as of 
wood, stone, &c.; row of 
houses; pert of a pulley:— 
VM. to shut up, obstruct, put 
a block under. 

Blockade', ». a shutting up of 
a port: — v.a. to shut up. 

Block'hotise, n. a fortress. 

Blonde, n. a person of fair 
complexion and hair and 
blue eyes. 

Blood, n. the red fluid in ani- 
mal bodies; kindred: -less, 
a. without blood: -shed, n. 
slaughter: -shot, a. filled 
with blood: -stone, n. green 
stone with blood-red spots: 
-sucker, n. leech: -vessel, 
». a vein or artery. 

Blood'y, a. stained with blood. 

Bloom, n. blossom, flowers: — 
v.n. to Uossom. 

Blos'som, n. the flower of a 

Slant: — v.n. to put forth 

Blotch, n. a pustule. 

Blouse (blowz), ». loose upper 
garment worn by workmen; 
woman's loose-fitting waist. 

Blow (blO), n. a stroke; blast; 
fly's eggj bloom: — v.n. to 
propel au", puff; Woom: — 
v.a. to drive or sound by an 

Blow'pipe, n. a tube to pro- 
duce intense flame by an air- 

Blub'ber, n. fat of whales:— 
v.n. to weep. cry. 

Blud'geon (bmi'un), ». dub. 

Blue, a. sky-colored. 

Blues, low spirits. 

Bhse'-stocking, n. literary 

Bhiff, n. a high, steep bank: — 
a. steep; gruff, blustering. 

Bhin'der, v.n. to mistake 
grossly: — n. a gross mistake. 

Blun'dertmss, n. short hand- 
gun of large bore. 

Blunt, a. dull: rough, abrupt: 
— v.a. to make dm. 

Blur, n. blot, spot: blur, v. 

Blurt, v.a. to utter suddenly. 

Blus'ter, v.n. to roar as a 
storm; bully: bhis'ter, n. 

Bo'a, n. huge serpent; tippet. 

Boar, n. the male swine. 

Board, n. a flat piece of sawed 
wood; table; food; body of 
directors, &c.; ship's deck: 
— v.a. to enter a smp; to lay 
with boeirds; feed: — v.n. to 
take meals. 

Boast, V. to brag, vaimt: — n. 
a vaunting speech: -er, #».: 
-ful, a. 

Boat, n. a small vessel used in 
seas, rivers, &c. 

Boatswain (b5t'swan or bo'- 
sn), n. an officer in charge 
of a ship's boats, sails, &c. 

Bob'bin, n. a reel for thread. 

Bode, V. to portend. 

Bod'ice, n. woman's waist. 

Bodldn, n. dagger, instru- 
ment for piercing holes, 
blunt needle. 

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Bod'y, n. material substance 
of an animal, mass, bulk, 
svstem: bod'iless, a.: bod'- 
ily, a. & ad. 

Bog» n. a marsh: boff'gy, a. 

Boff'gle, v.n. to hesitate. 

BoHea' (-he'), n. a kind of 
black tea. 

Boil, v.n. to bubble with heat, 
seethe: — v.a. to cook in a 
liquid: boil'er, n. a vessel 
to boil thin^ in. 

Boil, n. an inflamed swelling. 

Bois'terous, a. stormy, noisy. 

Bole, n. trunk of a tree; a day. 

Boll (bol), n. a round seed- 

Borster (bQl'-), n. a long pil 
low: — v.a. to prop as with a 

Bolt, n. kind of arrow; bar: — 
v.a. to fasten with a bolt; 
sift; swallow hastily: — v.n. 
to rush away. 

Bo'lus, n. a large pill. „ 

Bomb (bum), n. an exploding, Booze, 

Bombard' (bum-), v.a. to at- 
tack with bombs, &c. 

Bomliast (bum'-), n. inflated 
language: bombas'tic, a. 

Bombazme' (bum-ba-zenO. 
n. a twilled cloth of silk and 

Bond, n. a tie, band: written 
obligation; negotiable instru- 
ment payable at a fixed 

Bond'age, n. slavery. 

Bonds'man, n. a surety. 

Bone, n. the hard substance 
in an animal body: bo'ny, a. 

Bone'set, n. thoroughwort. 

Bon'fire, n. fire lit in open air, 

Bon'net, n. covering for head. 

Bon'ny, a. handsome, gay. 

Bo'nus, ». a premium. 

Boo'by, H. a dolt; a bird. 

Book, ». a volume: — v.a. to 
regist^ in a book. 

Book-keeping, n. the art of 
keeping accoimts: book'- 
keeper, n. 

Book^worm, n. one fond of 

Boom, v.n. to roar as waves. 

Boom'erang, n. a missile that 
returns towards the thrower. 

Boon, n. a favor, gift. 

Boor, H. clown, rustic: -ish, a. 

Boot, n. a covering for the leg 
and foot; box m a coach; 
profit: — v.a. to supply with 
boots: kick; profit, avail. 

Bootee', n. a short boot. 

Booth, n. a stall, tent, shed. 

Boof jack, n. instrument for 
pulung off boots. 

Boo'ty, n. pillage, spoil taken. 

''^twze, V. to drmk, tipple: — n. 
liquor: booz'y, a. tipsy. 

Bo'rax, n. a mmeral salt hav- 
ing many uses: borac'ic 
(-ras'ik), a. 

Bor'der, n. edge, margin: — 
V. to be near, touch; edge. 

Bore, V. to pierce; weary: — n. 
a hole; one that wearies. 

Bo'real, a. northern. 

Bo'reas, n. the north wind. 

Bor'ough (bur-o), n. a cor- 
porate town. 

Bor-row (bar's), v. a. to take 
on loan or credit: -er, n. 

Bosky, a. woody, shady. 

Bos'om (b66z'- or bo6z'-), «. 
the breast; any receptacle: 
— v.a. to enclose, conceal. 

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Boss, n. a stud, knob. 

Bof any, n. the science of 
plants: ajs. botan'ic, bo- 
tan'ical : bof ani8t,n. : bof • 
anize, v.n. 

Botch, n. a pustule; clumsy 
work: — v. a. to do clumsily. 

Both'er, v.a. to perplex, tease. 

Bots, small worms in the 
entrails of horses. 

Bof tie, ». a vessel for liauids: 
— V.O. to put into bottles. 

Boftom, n. the lowest part; 
vidley; ship: -less, a. 

Boftomry, n. the borrowing 
of money on a ship. 

Bdudoir (boSd'wor), ». a 
lady's private room. 

B<mg^ (boi^, ». a branch. 

Bounce, v. & n. spring, leap. 

Bound, n. a limit; a leap: — 
v.a. to limit, restrain: — v.n. 
to spring: — a. destined. 

Boun'dary, n. a limit, bound. 

Bound'en (-dn), a. obliged. 

Boun'teous, a liberal. 

Boun'ty, ». generosity, liber- 
ality, gift bestowed: Doun'- 

Bouquet (b66-ka'), ». a nose- 

Bourgeois (bur-joisO, n. a 
printing type. 

Bourn, n. boimd, limit. 

Bout, n. a turn, trial. 

Bo'vine (-vin), a. pertaining to 

Bow, V, to bend, incline: — n. 
a salute; forepart of ship. 

Bow (b6), ». weapon for 
shootmg arrows; a curve, or 
curved part; knot of ribbon, 
&c.; rod for playing violin. 

Bow'els, n.pL the entrails. 

Bow'er, n. a shady recess. 
Bow'ie-knife (b6l-), n. a 

kind of long knife. 
Bowl, n. a concave vessel; a 

large ball for rolling: — v. to 

rollas a bowl; [day at boids. 
Bowl'der, n. a large stone. 
Bow'line (-lin), «. rope to 

make a sail stand to the 

Bow'man, n. an archer. 
Bow'sprit (bo'sprit), n. spar 

projecting from the head of 

a ship. 
Box, n. a case of wood or 

other material; driver's seat; 

kind of tree; a blow: — v. to 

put into a box; strike: box'- 

er, n. a pugilist. 
Boy, n. a male child: -hood, 

n.: -ish, a.: -ishness, n. 
Boy'coti, v.a. to refrain from 

dealings with: boy'cott, n. 
Brace, n. something that holds 

tightly; strap, rope; a pair: 

— v.a. to tighten, make firm. 
Bracelet, n. ornament for 

the arm. 
Brack'et, n. a support: pi. the 

marks! ]. 
Brack'isn, a. saltish. 
Brad, n. a sort of nail. 
Brag, n. & v.n. boast, vaunt. 
Braggado'cio (-shl-o), n. a 

boasto-; boasting. 
Brag'gart, n. a boaster. 
Brah'min, n. a Hindoo priest. 
Braid, v.a. to weave together, 

plait: n. something braided. 
Brain, n. the soft mass within 

the skull, seat of conscious- 
ness, intellect: — v. a. to dash 

out the brains of: -less, a. 
Brain'-pan, n. the skull. 

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Brake, n. an instnunent for 
dressing flax; instrument to 
retard wheels; a bit: a fern. 

Brakesman, n. one who man- 
ages a railway-brake. 

Bramltle, n. a prickly shrub. 

Brail; ». husks of ground 

Bcanch, n. shoot or Umb of a 
tree; offshoot: vm. to spread 
into branches: -y, a. 

Brand, n. a piece of wood 
partly burnt; a mark burnt; 
mark of infamy: a sword: — 
VM. to mark with a hot iron, 

Bran'dish, v.a. to wave as a 

Brand'-new, a. quite new. 

Bxan'dy, n. a strong liquor 
distilled from wine, &c. 

Brafl6» n. sm alloy of copper 
and zinc; impudence: -y, a. 

Bras'sie, brarsy, ». a wooden 
golf-dub with a brass sole. 

Brava'do, n. a boastful threat. 

Brave, a. courageous: — v.a 
to defy, face: bra'very, n. 

Bra'vo (bra'-), n. a daring 
villain: — int. wdl donel 

Brawl, n. a noisy quarrel, up- 
roar: brawl, v.n.: -er, «. 

Brawn, n. boar's flesh; a mus- 
cular part: -y, a. musailar. 

Bray, v.a. to pound small. 

Bray, v.n. to make a noise like 
an ass: bray, n. 

Braze, v.a. to cover or solder 
with brass. 

Bra'zen (bra'zn), a. made of 
brass: — v. to act with ef- 

Bra'zier (-zhftr), «. a worker 
in brass; pan for hot coals. 

Breach, n. a gap; quarrel. 

Bread, w. food made of grain. 

Breadth, n. width. 

Break (brak), v. to rend, part 
by force, crush; make or bc- 
ccnne bankrupt: — n. breach, 
opoiing, pause. 

Breakfagfi, n. allowance for 
things accidentally broken. 

Break'er, n. a Ixtaking wave; 
a wato'-cask. 

Break'fast (brek'-), n. first 
meal in the day: — vjt. to 
eat breakfast 

Break'water (brak'-), n. wait 
to break the frace of water. 

Breast (brest), n. fore part of 
the bodv: — vm. to meet in 
front: -bone, n.: -pin, n.: 
-plate, n. 

Breastwork, n. a defensive 
work breast-high. 

Breadi, n. air drawn m by the 
lungs, breeze; life: -less, a. 

Breame, v. to inhale and ex- 
hale air, respire; live: 
breathing, it. 

Breech, n. the lower part of 
the body behind. 

Breech'es (brich'ez), a 
lower garment worn by men. 

Breech'ins (brich'-), n. the 
breech-band of a harness. 

Breed, v.a. to bear and nour- 
ish, produce, raise: — n. race 
or kmd, offspring: -er, n.: 
-ing, n. nurture, manners. 

Breeze, n. a soft wind: 
breez'y, a. 

Brevef, ». a military com- 
mission advancing rank but 
not pay. 

Brev'iary (br6v'ya-rO, n. Ro- 
man CfathoUc service-book. 

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Brevief (vgr'), n. small type. 

Brev'ity, n. conciseness. 

Brew (brdd), v. to make malt 
Iktuor; contrive: -er, n. 

BreVery, n. place for brew- 

Bribe, n. a reward to corrupt 
conduct: — v.a. to give a 
bribe to. 

Bri'bery, n. crime of bribing. 

Bric]^ n. a mass of burnt day. 

Brick'bat, n. a piece of brick. 

Bri'dal, a. pertaining to a 
bride or wedding: — «. a 

Bride, n. a woman newly 
married or about to be mar- 
ried: -groom, n. a man new- 
ly married or about to be 
married: brides'maid, n. a 
female attendant of the bride 
at a wedding. 

Bride'well, n. a house of cor- 

Bridge, «. a passage erected 
over a river, &c.; game of 
cards developed from whist: 
— vut. to build a bridge over, 

Bri'dle (brl'dl), n. instrument 
by which a horse is gov- 
erned: — v.a. to put a bridle 
on; check: — v.n. to hold up 
the head. 

Brief (bref), a. short: -ly, ad. 

Brief, ». a short legal states 
ment of a client's case. 

Bri'er, «. prickly shrub: -y, a 

Brig, n. a square-rigged ves- 
sd with two masts. 

Brigade', n. a division of 
troops: — v.a. to form into a 

Brigadier' (-derO, n. com- 
mander of a brigade. 

Brig'and, n. robber: -age,»». 

Brig'antine (tin), n. a two- 
masted vessd with square 
sails on her foremast only. 

Bright (brit), a. shining, clear; 
acute: -ly, ad.: -ness, n. 

Brighten, v. to make or be- 
come bright. 

Brill'iancy (-yan-), brill'- 
iance, n. lustre, splendor. 

Brill'iant (-yant), a. shining, 
splendid: — ». cut diamond. 

Brim, n. edge, brink: — v. to 
make or be full to the brim: 
brim'ful, a. quite full. 

Brim'stone, ». sulphur. 

Brin'ded, brin'dlea, a. having 
streaks or spots. 

Brine, n. water impregnated 
with salt; the sea: bri'ny, a. 

Bring, v.a. to fetch, convey. 

Brink, ». edge, as of acIifF. 

Brisk, a. nimble, active, lively. 

Brisk'et, n. breast of animal. 

Bris'tle (brisi), n. swine's 
stiff hair: — v.a. to fix bris- 
tles to: — v.n. to stand erect. 

Brisfly G)risai), a. set with 

Britan'nia, n. alloy of tin, &c. 

Brif tie, a. easily broken. 

Broach (brOch), n. a spit: — 
v.a. to'tap; let out, speak of. 

Broad (brawd). a. wide, large, 
open; indelicate. 

Broad'cast, scattered widely 

Broad'clo^, n. woollen cloth. 

Broad'en (brawd'n), v. to 
make or grow broad. 

Broad'side, n. a discharge of 
all the guns on one side of a 
ship at once. 

Broad'sword (-s5rd), n. a 
sword with a broad blade. 

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Brocade'* n. silk stuff with a 
woven pattern. 

Broc'coh (-U), h. a kind of 

Brochure' (-shOor'), «. a 

Bro'gan, n. a coarse shoe. 

Brogue (brdg), n. a corrupt 
dialect or pronunciation. 

Broil, ». a tumult, brawl. 

Broil, V. to cook over coals; 
be greatly heated. 

Bro'ker, n. one who makes 
bargains for others: -age, 
n. commission of a broker. 

Bron'chial (-kl-al), a. relat- 
ing to the branches of the 

Broncni^tis (-ki'tis), n. dis- 
ease of the air-passages. 

Bronze, n. a compound of 
copper and tin: — v.a. to 
harden or color like bronze. 

Brooch (broch), n. jewel, pin. 

Brood, v.n. to sit on eggs; 
think anxiously: — «. off- 
spring, progeny. 

Brook, n. a little stream:— 
v.a. to bear, endure. 

Broom, n. a kind of shrub; 
imi^emcnt to sweep with. 

Brom, n. liquor in which flesh 
has been boiled. • 

Broth'el (br6/A'el), «. house 
of ill-fame. 

Broth'er (bni/V-), n. a male 
bom of the same parents; 
one of the same society: -in- 
law, n. husband's or wife's 
brother, sister's husband: 
-hood, «.: -ly, a. 

Brow, n. ridge over the eyes; 
forehead; edge of a hill. 

Brown[>eat, v.a. to bully. 

Brown, a. of a reddish dark 
color: — H. a brown color: — 
VM. to make brown. 

Browse (browz), ». sprouts or 
tender branches: — v.a. to 
feed as on browsa. 

Bru'in, n. a bear. 

Bruise, v.a. to mangle with 
blows: — n. a hurt from a 
heavy blow: brui'ser, «. 

Bruit (br66t), ». a rumor:— 
v.a. to noise abroad. 

Bru'mal, a. relating to winter. 

Brunette' (-nef ), n. a woman 
with a brown complexion. 

Brunt, n. shock, onset. 

Brush, ». an instrument of 
hair, &c., to remove dust; 
brushwood; a skirmish: — 
v.a. to clean with a brush, 
remove with a brush. 

Brush'wood, n. bushes, twigs. 

Brusque (brddsk), brusk, a. 
blunt, abrupt. 

Bru'tal, a. savage, cruel: bru- 
tal'ity, «.: bru'talize, v. 
to make or grow brutal. 

Brute, a. savage, bestial: — 
n. a beast. 

Bub'ble, n. a bladder of wa- 
ter: false show: — v.n. to rise 
in bubbles: bub'bly, a. 

BuIk), «. tumor of the groin. 

Buccaneer', n. a pirate. 

Buck, n. male of deer, sheep, 
&c.; a dashing fellow; lye. 

Buck'et, n. a vessel for hold- 
ing water, &c. 

Buc'kle, n. an instrument for 
fastening: — v. to fasten with 
a buckle; bend, curl. 

Buck'ler, n. a shield. 

Buck'ram, n. a stiff cloth. 

Buck'thom, n. a shrub. 

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Bttck'wheat, n. a grain. 

Bucoric, a. pastoral. 

Bud, n. first shoot of a plant: 
— v.n. to put forth buds: — 
v.a. to graft. 

Buddh'ism (bOdd'izm), ». the 
religion of the greater part of 
Central and Eastern Asia. 

Budge, v.n. to move. 

Budget, n. a bag, stock; state- 
ment of finances. 

Bu£F, n. a sort of leather; a 

light yellow color. 
Burfalo, n. a kind of wild ox. 
Buf'fet, ». a blow with the 

fist, a slap: buf'fet, v.a. 
Bu£Foon% n. a merry-andrew, 

a low jester: -ery, n. 
Bug1i>ear, n. object of terror. 
Bug'gy, n. a four-wheeled 

Bu'gle, H. a long black bead. 
Bungle, n. a wind-instrument. 
Buhl (bul), n. work inlaid with 

metal, tortoise-shell, &c. 
Build (bild), v. to raise as an 

edifice, construct: n. frame, 

fiffure: -er, «.: -ing, n. 
Bulb, n. an onion-shaped root: 

bul'bous, a. 
Bulge, n. a protuberance: — 

v.n. to swell out. 
Bulk, ». size; main part. 
Bulkliead, n. a partition in a 

ship, &c. 
Bulk'y, a. of great size. 
BuUf n. the male of cattle; 

edict of the Pope; a blunder; 

one who desires a rise in the 

price of stocks. 
Bull'dog, n. kind of fierce dog. 
Bullet, n. ball for rifies, &c. 
Burietin, n. an official ac- 
count of public news. 

BuU'finch, n. a small bird. 

Bull'frog, n. large frog. 

Bull'ion (-yun), n. gold or 
silver in mass. 

Bul'lock, n. young bull or ox. 

Bully, «. a noisy, quarrel- 
some fellow: — v.a. to over- 
bear with threats. 

Bul'rush, n. large water rush. 

Bul'waxk, «. a fortification, 
security, wood-work round 
a deck. 

Bum'ble-bee, n. humble-bee. 

Bump, v.a. to thump, strike: 
— n. a thump, blow. 

Bumpier, n. a glass brimful. 

Bumplriii, n. a clown, rustic. 

Bunch, n. a cluster, hard 
lump: — VM. to swell out in 
a bunch. 

Bun'dle, n. a parcel, package, 
or roll of anything; — v.a. to 
gather or tie up in a bundle. 

Bung, n. stopper for cask, &c. 

Bundle, V. to do clumsily, 
botch: bun'gler, n. 

Bun'ion (-yim), n. lump on 
the great toe. 

Bunk, n. a shelf or recess for 
a sleeping place. 

Bunk'er, n. a chest, bin; pit 
or obstacle in a golf-course. 

Bunfing, n. a bird; a thin 
stuflF for flags, &c. 

Buoy (bwoi or boi), n. float- 
ing cask or other object to 
indicate shoals, &c.: — v. to 
keep afloat. 

Buoy^ant (bwoi'-), a. float- 
ing, light, hopeful: -ancy, n. 

Bur, n. a prickly plant-head. 

Bur'den, n. a load: — v. a. to 
load, encumber: -some, a. 

Bur'dock, n. a plant. 

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Bu'reaa (bu'ro), ». a chest of 
drawers; office. 

Btir'gess (-jes), n. a borough 
officer, citizen. 

Burgher (bur'ger), n. a citizen. 

Burg'lar, n. one guilty of 

Burg^lary, n. crime of break 
ing into a house by night to 
st&il: burgla'rious, a. 

Bur'gomaster, n. a city mag 
istrate in Holland and Ger- 

BuT'i^undy, n. a French wine. 

Bur'ial (ber're-al), n. burying 

Bu'rin, «. an engraver's tool 

Burlesque' (-leskO, a. ludi- 
crous, comic: — ». ludicrous 

Bur'ly, a. bulky, big. 

Bur'nish, v. to polish, make 
bright: — n. gloss: -cr, n. 

Bur'row, n. a hole for rabbits, 
&c.: — v.n. to lodge in the 

Buj^sar, n. a treasurer. 

Bur'y (Wr'rl), v. a. to inter, 
put into a grave; conceal. 

Bush, n. a shrub: -y» a. 

Bush'elfM. measure of 4 pecks. 

Btisiness (biz'nes), n. occupa- 
tion, employment, affair. 

Busldn, n. a kind of half boot. 

Buss, n. & V. kiss. 

Bust, n. upper part of the 
human figure or a statue of 
this part. 

Bus'tard, n. sort of wild turkey. 

Bus'tle (bus'l), v.n. to be 
busy: — n. a tumult, hurry. 

Bus'y (biz'f). a- actively em 
ployed, diligent: — v. a. to 
make busy: -body, n. a med- 
dling person: busily, ad. 

But, ad. only: — prep, except: 
— conj. except, unless, yet. 

Butch'er (bd6ch'-), n. one 
who slaughters animals for 
food: — v.a. to slaughter. 

Butch'ery, «. trade of a 
butcher; great slaughter. 

Busier, «. a servant who has 
charge of the liquors, &c. 

Butt, n. mark to be shot at; 
object of ridicule; large 
cask: — v.a. to strike with 
the head. 

Bufter, n. a substance made 
from cream: — v.a. to spread 
with butter. 

Buttercup, n. a yellow flower. 

Bufterfly, n. a winged insect. 

Buf termilk, n. milk left after 
butter is extracted. 

Buf temut, ». tree and its nut. 

Buftery, n. a store-room for 

Buftock, n. the rump. 

But'ton (but'n), n. a knob to 
fasten the dress: bufton, v. 

Buttress, n. a prop that pro- 
jects from a wall, &c. 

Bux'om, a. lively, vigorous. 

Buy (bl), v. to purchase: -er,«. 

Buzz, v.n. to hum like bees: — 
v.a. to spread by whisi^ers: — 
n. noise of bees; a whisper. 

Buz'zard, n. species of hawk. 

By, prep. & ad. at the side of, 
near, through, with. 

B3r'-and-b3r', ad. soon. 

Bjr'-gone, a. gone by. 

By^-Uiw, n. private or local 

Bjr'-stander, n. a looker-on. 

Bjr'-way, n. an obscure way. 

By'-word, n. a common say- 
ing; object of reproach. 

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Cab, n. See Cabriolet. 
Cabal', n. an intrigue, plot: 

band of intriguers: — v.n. i<t 

Cabalis'tic, a. secret, mystic. 
Cab'in, n. a hut, small room. 
Cab'inet, n. a closet; set of 

drawers; ministers oil state. 
Cab'inet-ma'ker, n. maker of 

fine furniture of wood. 
Ca'ble, ». a rope, chain, heavy 

wire, submarine telegraph: 

ca'ble, V. 
Ca'blesram, ». a telegram by 

Cabriolef (-laO, «• covered 

carriage drawn by one horse. 
Cachinna'tioD (kak-), n. loud 

Cac'kle, v. to make a noise as 

a hen or goose; giggle, prate: 

— ». noise maide by a hen. 
Cadav'erous, a. like a dead 

Cad'die, cadMy, n. one who 

carries the clubs for a golf 

CadMy, n. a small box for tea 
Ca'dencej n. fall of the voice 

in readmg, m(ftulation. 
Cadef , n. a younger son, mili 

tary student. 
Csesu'ra (-zu'-), n. a metrical 

pause in a verse or line. 
Cage, n. enclosure for birds or 

beasts: v.a. to put in a cage. 
Cairn, n. a heap of stones. 
Cais^son (kas'-), ». a chest of 

bombs or powder; a water 

Cai'tiff (ka'-), n. mean fellow. 
Cajole', VM. to delude by 

flattery: cajo'lery, n. 
Cal'abash, n. a large gourd. 
Calam'ity, n. a great misfor- 

t\me, disaster: calam'itous. 
Calca'reotis, a. of or like lime. 
Calcine', v. to change to fine 

powder by heat. 
Csd'culate, v. to compute, 

reckon: cal'culable, a.: cal- 

cula'tion, ». 
Cal'culous, a. stony, gritty. 
Cal'culus, n. a stone^ higher 

branch of mathematics. 
Cal'dron (kawl'-)> '>• a large 

Carendar, n. an almanac; a 

list of cases for trial. 
Carender, n. a press for 

smoothing and dressing 

doth: — v.a. to dress by a 

Calf (kaf), n. young of a cow; 

thick hind part of the leg 

below the knee: pi. calves. 
Cariber, n. bore of a ^n, 

diameter; capacity of mmd. 
Carico, n. a cotton fabric. 
Cal'ipers, «. pi. compasses to 

measure diameter. 
Ca'liph, n. a title of the succes- 
sors of Mahomet. 
Calisthen'ics, n. exercise for 

gracefulness, health, &c. 
Calk (kawk), v.a. to stop up, 

as seams in a ship; provide 

vdth sharp points, as a 

horse's shoe, 
tight box used in working'.Call, v. to name, summon, cry; 
under water. ' make a short visit: call, n. 


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Callig'raphy, ». beautiful 

Callos'ity, n. a hard swelling. 
Cal'lous, a. hard, insensible. 
Callow, a. unfledged. 
Calm (kam), a. quiet, serene. 

— n. serenity: — v.a. to still, 

Cal'omel, n. a preparation of 

mercury used in medicine. 
Calor'ic* n. principle of heat. 
Calorif'ic, a. causing heat. 
Cal^umet, n. Indian pipe of 

Calum'niate, v.a. to slander, 

revile: -a'tion, n.: -ator, n. 
Carumny, n. slander, false 

accusation: calum'nious, a. 
Calyx, n. cup or outer cover- 
ing of a flower. 
Cam'bric (kam'-), n. a fine 

linen or cotton fabric. 
Caxn'el, n. a large quadruped 

used in Asia and Africa. 
Camel'opard, n. the giraffe. 
Cam'eo, n. a stone or shell 

carved in relief. 
Cam'omile, n. a plant. 
Camp, n. spot on which an 

army pitch their tents: 

camp, v.n. 
Caii4>aikn' (-panO, n. time an 

army keeps the field: — v.n. 

to serve in a campaign. 
Camphene', n. oil of turpen- 
Cam'phor, «. white solid juice 

of an Asiatic tree. 
Cam'phorated, a. impreg 

nated with camphor. 
Canal% n. a watercourse made 

by art, a duct. 
Cana'ry, n. a kind of wine; a 

kind of singing-bird. 


Can'cel, v.a. to blot out, ef- 
face: — cancella'tion, n. 

Can'cer, n. an eating spread- 
ing tumor: -ous, a. 

Candelalmun, n. a branched 

• candlestick:^/, candela'bra. 

Can'did, a. frank, sincere. 

Candidate, n. one who is in-o- 
posed for some office. 

Can'dle, «. a light of tallow or 
wax: -stick, n. an instru- 
ment to hold a candle. 

Can'dlemas, n. a church fes- 
tival on Feb. a. 

Can'dor, n. frankness, open- 
ness, sincerity. 

Can'dy, n. crystallized sugar: 
— V. to form into candy. 

Cane, n. a reed, a walking 
stick: — V. to beat with a cane. 

Canine', a. of or like a dog. 

Canister, n. a small case or 
box; a wicker basket. 

Cank'er, n. an eating or cor- 
roding humor; a disease in 
trees: — v. to corrupt, cor- 
rode: cank'erous, a. 

Can'nel-coal, n. a hard black 
coal that bums with a bright 

Can'nibal, n. one who eats 
human flesh: -ism, n. 

Can'non, n.%. great gun: can- 
nonade', n. & V. 

Cannoneer', n. one who man- 
ages a cannon. 

Canoe' (kan-66'), n. a boat 
made of a iog, bark, or skin. 

Can'on, n. a rule; Holy Scrip- 
tures; a dignitary of the 
Church of England. 

Canon'ical, a. according to 
the canon, regular, ecclesi- 

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Canon'icals, n. 

dress of the derg 
Can'onist, n. one y 

canon law. 
Can'onize, v.a. to 

saint: canoniza' 
Can'opy, n. a co\ 



Cano'rotis, a. meU 
Cant, n. dialect o 

class, &c.; whini 

critical speech; a 

— V. to speak vi 

hypocritically; ti 
Can'taloupe (-Idoi 

of muskmelon. 
Canta'ta, n. poem < 
Canteens n. a ti 

carry drink. 
Can'ter, n. an eas 

v.n. to gallop ge 
Can'ticle, n. a sc 

Song of Solomoi 
Can'to, n. division 
Can'ton, ». a di 

Can'ton, v.a. to 

cantons; allot qu 
Can'tonment, n. t 

troops in a town 
Can'vas, n, coars 

sails, &c. 
Can'vass, v. to e> 

xuss, solicit: ». c: 

solicitation: -er, 
Caouf chouc (koc 

Ca'pable, a. able, 
Capa'cioos (-shus; 

much, extensive, 
Capac'ity, n. sta 

capacious or cap: 
Cap-a-pie' (kap- 

from head to foe. 

gay dress for a 
to dress richly, 
.nd; cloak, 
p; bud used as 
n, to skip. 
n. a fine fibre, 
fine or minute 
1 minute tube. 
; upper part of 
c; chief city or 
for carrying on 

large letter: — 
or affecting the 

chief: -ist, n. 
ital or money. 

numeration by 

^mple; a public 
z a legislative 

H. to surrender 


strated cock. 

/), n. a freak, 

i: capri'cious 

. fickle. 

o upset. 

a machine in 

V great weight. 

'sulary, a. hol- 


►, n. the seed- 


), «. a com- 

> n. 

jady to catch at 

; offence. 

.a. to charm: 

, n. 

e taken in war: 

prisoner: cap- 

e who takes a 

.. prize. 

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Capftire (yur), n. act of tak- 
ing; thing taken: — v. a. to 
take as a prize. 

Car'acole (-kdl), n. half-wheel 
or oblique tread of a horse: 
car'acole, v.n. 

Car'at, n. a weight of 4 grains. 

Caravan', n. a body of travel- 
ling Eastern merchants or 
pilgrims; travelling menag- 
erie; van. 

Caravan'sary, n. an inn in the 
East, for lodging caravans. 

Car'away, n. plant and seed. 

Car11>ine (-bin), short musket. 

Car'boDy n. pure charcoal: ajs. 
carbon'ic, carbona'ceous. 

Car11>onate, n. a salt of car- 
bonic acid. 

Car'boy, n. a la^e bottie in 

CarOlnmcle, n. a red precious 
stone; an inflamed tumor. 

Car'cass, n. a dead body. 

Card, n. small pasteboard, a 
notice, note; comb for wool 
or flax: — v.a. to comb with 
a card. 

Car'diac, a. of the heart 

Car'dinal, a. principal: — n. a 
dignitary in the Catholic 
church, next to the Pope; a 
short cloak; a red color. 

Care, n. anxiety, heedfulness, 
charge: — v.n. to be anxious; 
have regard: -ful, -less, a. 

Careen', v.a. to lay on one 
side, as a ship. 

Career', n. a course, a race. 

Caress', v.a. to treat fondly:— 
n. an act of endearment. 

Ca'ret, n. the mark >v, which 
shows where something is 

Car'^0, H. a ship's load. 
Car'icature, ». a ludicrous 

likeness: — vm. to represent 

by caricature: -rist, «. 
Carries (ka'rl-gz), n. decay of 

Ca'rious, a. affected with 

Car'mine (-min), n. a bright 

red color or paint. 
Car'nage, ». slaughter. 
Car'nal, a. fleshly. 
Camal'ity, n. fleshlv lust. 
Cama'tion, n. flesh color; a 

kind of flower. 
Camel'ian (-nel'yan), n. a 

precious stone. 
Car'nival, ». a Catholic feast 

held just before Lent. 
Camiv'orous, a. flesh-eating. 
Car'ol, ». a song of joy: — v. to 

sing, warble. 
CaroPid, a. pertaining to two 

great artenes of the neck. 
Carouse' (-owz'), n. a noisy 

drinking-bout or revel: ca- 
rouse', v.n. 
Carp, v.n. to catch at small 

faults: — n. a species of fish. 
Car'penter, n. a builder cf 

houses, &c.: car'pentry, n. 
Car'pet, n. a covering for the 

floor: — v.a. to spread with a 

carpet: -ing, n. 
Car'riage (kar'rij), n. act of 

carrying; vehicle; behavior. 
Car'rion, n. dead, rotting 

Car'rot, n. a yellowish vege- 
table: -y, a. carrot-colored. 
Car'ry, v. to convey, bear; to 

effect, conduct. 
Car'ry-all, n. a four-wheeled 


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Cart, n, a heavy carriage 
v.a. to carry in a cart: -cr. 

Carter, n. an agreement for 
exchange of prisoners. 

Car'tilage, n. gristle. 

Cartilac'inous, a. gristly. 

Cartoon', n. a sketch on strong 
paper to be transferred. 

Cartouch' (-t66sh'), n. a case 
for cartridges, &c. 

Car'tridge, n. a case contain- 
ing the charge for a gun. 

Carve, v. to cut, as wood, &c., 
into elegant forms; cut into 
dices, as meat: car^ver, n. 

Cascade', n. a waterfall. 

Case, n. a box, a cover; condi- 
tion, state; a cause in court: 
— v.a. to put in a case. 

Case'knife, n. a table-knife. 

Case'mate, n. a bomb-proof 
vault for cannon. 

Case'ment, «. window-frame 
which opens on hinges. 

Ca'seous, a. like cheese. 

Cash, n. money: — v. a. to pay 
money for. 

Cashier' (kash-erO, n. one who 
has charge of money, as in 
a bank: — v. a. to dismiss 
from office. 

Cash'mere, n. a fine woollen 
cloth; a rich shawl. 

Caslcet, n. box, case, coffin. 

Casque (kask), ». a helmet. 

Cas'sia (kash'ya), n. a tree 
and its cinnamon-like bark. 

Cas'simere, ». a woollen cloth. 

Cas'sock, n. clergyman's robe. 

Cas'sowary, n. an ostrich-like 

Cast, V. to throw, shed; to 
compute; to mould or shape: 
— n. a throw, turn; a mould. 

Caste, n. a class of society. 

Cas'tellated, a. having turrets, 
&c., like a castle. 

Casfer, ». one that casts; 
wheel on the legs of furni- 
ture; cruet-stand. 

Cas'tigate, v.a. to chastise. 

Cas'tle (kas'l), n. a fortified 
or palatial house. 

Cas'tor, «. the beaver. 

Cas'tor-oil, n. a cathartic oil 
from a tropical plant. 

Cas'trate, v.a. to geld, emas- 
culate: castra'tion, n. 

Cas'ual (kazh'u-al), a. acci- 
dental, occasional: -ty, n. 

Cas'uistry (kazh'-}, n. the 
science of actermminjg cases 
of conscience: cas'uist, n.: 
ajs. casuisf ic, casuisf ical. 

Cataclysm, n. a deluge. 

Cafacomb (kOm), n. a cave 
used as a burial-place. 

Catacous'tics (-cows'tiks), n. 
science of echoes. 

Cafalepsy, n. a kind of 
apoplexy: catalep'tic, a. 

Catalogue (log), n. a list of 
names of books, &c.: — v. a. 
to make a list of. 

Cafamount, n. the wildcat. 

Cafaract, n. a waterfall; a 
disease of the eye. 

Catarrh' (-tarO, n. flow of mu- 
cus, cold in the head: -al, a. 

Catas'trophe (-trfi-fe), n. final 
event, calamity, mishap. 

Catch, v.a. to lay hold on, 
seize, overtake, take: — n. 
seizure; that which catches 
or is caught; a song. 

Catch'ttp, cafsup, «. sauce 
made from mushrooms, or 
tomatoes, &c. 

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Catch'word, n. first word of a 
page given at the bottom 
of the preceding page; last 
word" of a prececOng speaker. 

Catechef ic (-ket'-), a. pertain- 
ing to questions and answers. 

Cat'echise, v.a. to instruct by 
* questions and answers; to 
question: ajs. catechist'ic, 

Caf echism, ». a form of in 
struction by questions and 

Catechu'men (ku'-), n. one 

. who is yet in the rudiments 
of Christianity. 

Categor'ical, a. absolute. 

Category, n. class or order; 

Ca'ter, v.n. to provide food 
or entertainment: -cr, n. 

Caterpillar, n. a grub. 

Oaf erwaul, v.n. to cry as cats. 

Oaf gat, n. string for violins, 
&c., made from the gut of 

Cathar'tic, a. & n. purgative. 

Cathe'dral, n. the principal 
church of a diocese. 

Cath'eter, n, tube to draw off 

Cath'olic, a. universal, liberaU 
pertaining to the Roman 
Catholics: — n. a Roman 
Catholic: catholic'ity, n. 
liberality or breadth of view. 

Cat'nip, ». a plant. 

Cat-o'-nine'-ta^ls, n. a whip 
having nine lashes. 

Cat* s'-paw, ». a dupe. 

Oaf tie, beasts of pasture. 

Cau'cus, n. a political meet- 
ing to nominate candidates. 

Cau'dal, a. relating to the tail.' 

Cau'dle, n. a warm drink. 

Caul, n. net for the h^; mem- 
brane covering some chil- 
dren's heads when bom. 

Cau'liflower, n. a spedes of 

Causal'ity, n. agency of a 

Causa'^tion, n. act of causing. 

Cau'sative, a. acting as or ex- 
pressing cause. 

Catise, n. that which pro- 
duces an effect, a reason; 
object sought; lawsuit: — v.a. 
to effect, produce: -less, a. 

Cause' way, cau'sey, «. a way 
or road raised. 

Caus'tic, a. burning, corrod- 
ing: «. a burning substance. 

Cau^terize, v.a. to bum with 
a caustic: cauteriza'tion, 
».: cau'tery, n. 

Cau'tion, n. provident care, 
heedfulness, a warning: — 
v.a. to warn to take care. 

Cau'tious, a. wary, careful. 

Cavalcade', n. procession on 

Cavalier' (-ler'), n. a horse- 
soldier: — a. gay, haughty. 

Cav'alry, n. troops on horses. 

Cave, n. a hollow place in the 
earth, den: — v. a. to hollow: 
— v.n. to fall in. 

Cav'ern, n. a cave: -otis, a. 

Caviare' (kav-e-ar'), n. salted 
roe of the sturgeon, &c. 

Cav'il- v.n. to find fault: — n. a 
frivlous objection: -ler, n. 

Cav'ity, n. hollow place. 

Cayenne', n. red pepper. 

Cease (ses), v.n. to leave off, 

I stop: -less, a. unceasing. 

Ce'dar, n. an evergreen tree. 

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Cede, v.a. to yield, give up. 

Cedil'la, ». a mark made 
under c (d to give it the 
sound of 8. 

Ceil (s€l), v.a. to overlay the 
inner roof: -tag* n. 

Cerebrate, v.a. to make fam- 
ous, praise: celebra'tion, n. 

Celeb'rity, n. fame. 

Celer'i^, n. swiftness. 

Cerery, ». a salad plant. 

Celesfial (^val), a. heavenly; 
Chinese: Celesf ial, n. 

Celibacy, n. unmarried state. 

Cell, n. a small dose room, 
cavity: cell'ular, a. 

Cellar, ». a room under a 
house. « 

Cel'lulold, ». artificial ivory- 
like substance, often colored. 

Celt, n. one of an ancient race 
in Irdand. Wales, France, 
&c.: Cel'tic, a. 

Cem'ent, ». substance used to 
join stones, bricks, &c. 

Cemenf , v.a. to unite with 
cement; unite firmly. 

Cem'eteiv, n. burial ground. 

Cen'otaph, n. a monument to 
one buried elsewhere. 

Cen'ser, n. a vessd to bum 
incense in. 

Cen'sor. n. examiner, critic. 

Censo'rious, a. given to cen- 
sure, fault-finding. 

Cen'sore (-shur), ». blame, 
reproof: — vui. to blame. 

Cen'sus, n. an official enum- 
eration of the inhabitants. 

Cent, ». a coin of the U. S. 

Cen'taur, n. a fabulous being, 
half man, half horse. 

Centena'rian, n. one a hun- 
dred years old. 

Centen'nial, a. happening 
once in a hundred years. 

Cen'tisrade, a. having a hun- 
dred degrees. 

Cen'tiped, ». an insect having 
very many feet. 

Cen'tral, a. of or in the centre. 

Cen'tralize, vm. to make cen- 
tral: centraliza'tion, n. 

Cen'tre (sen'ter), u. the mid- 
dle point: — V. to place on a 
centre, concentrate. 

Centrifugal, a. tending to fly 
from the centre. 

Centrip'etal, a. tending to- 
ward the centre. 

Cen'tuple, a. hundred-fold. 

Centu'rion, n. Roman com- 
mander of a hundred men. 

Cen'tury, «. a hundred years. 

Cephal'ic, a. of the head. 

Ce'rate, n. a salve of wax, &c. 

Cere, v.a. to cover with wax. 

Ce'reals, n. pi. the grams used 
as food: ce'real, a. 

Cer'ebral, a. relating to the 

Cere'cloth, cere'ment, n. 
doth smeared with wax, in 
which to wrap a dead body. 

Ceremo'nial, a. relating to 
ceremony: n. outward form. 

Ceremo'nious, a. particular 
in observing forms. 

Cer'emony, n. sacred rite; 
outward form. 

Cer'tain (sgr'tin), a. sure, 
fixed; some or one: -ty, n. 

Certificate, n. a written 

Cer'tify, v.a. to declare as cer- 
tain: certifica'tion, n. 

Ceru'lean, a. sky-blue. 

Cer'vical, a. of the neck. 

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Cessa'tion, n. a ceasing, stop. 

Ces'sion, n. a yielding. 

Cess'pool, n. a pool or well in 

Ceta'ceous (-shus), a. of the 
whale kind. 

Chafe, V. to fret by rubbing; 
fret: — n. a fret, raj^e. 

Chaff, n. husks of grain, refuse. 

Chaffer, v.n. to haggle about 
the price. 

Chaf nnch, n. little song-bird 

Cha'fing-dish, n. a portable 
grate or cooking apparatus, 

Chasrin' (sha-gren'), n. vex- 
ation, ill-humor: — v. to vex, 

Chain, n. a series of links 
united: — v. a. to fasten with 
a chain. 

Chair, n. a movable seat. 

Chair'man, n. presiding offi- 

Chaise (shaz), n. a carriage. 

Chalced'ony (kal-sed'-), w. a 
variety of quartz. 

Chal'dron (chawl'-), n. a coal- 
measure of 36 bushels. 

Charice (chaJ'is), n. a cup, 

Chalk (chawk), n. a white 
carbonate of lime: — v.a. to 
mark with chalk: -y, a. 

Challenge, v.a. to call to 
fight; to claim as one's own; 
to object to: — n. summons 
to a combat; demand of a 
sentry; exception to a jury. 

Chalyb'eate (ka-lib'-), a. con- 
taining iron. 

Cfaam'ber (cham'-}, n. a room 
in a house; a cavity; a hall. 

Chaml>erlain, n. officer of 

Cliam'bermaid, n. maid who 
takes care of bedchambers. 

Chame'leon <ka-), n. a lizard 
that changes its color. 

Cham'fer, v. to groove, bevel. 

Chamois (sham'e), n. a kind 
of wild goat, or its skin. 

Cham'oniile (kam'-), n. a 

Champ, V. to bite, chew. 

Champagne' (sham-panO, n. 
a light, sparkling wme. 

Champaign' (-pan'), n. flat 
countrv: — a. open, flat. 

Cham'pion (cham'-), n. a 

Chance, n. an unexpected 
event, risk: — v.n. to happen. 

Chan'cel, n. part of a church 
where the altar is placed. 

Chan'cellor, n. a high judge. 

Chan'cery, n. a high court of 

Chandelier' (shan-de-ler'), n. 
a frame with branches for 

Chand'ler, n. a dealer in 
candles: -y, «. 

Change, v. to alter, exchange: 
— n. alteration; small mon- 
ey: -able, a.: -less, a. 

Change'lin^, n. a fickle per- 
son; a child left in place of 

Chan'nel, n. course of a 
stream, strait; a groove: — 
v.a. to cut in channels. 

Chant, V. to recite in a sing- 
ing manner: — n. a song; part 
of a church service. 

Chan'ticleer, «. the barnyard 

Chan'try, n. a chapel in which 
masses are chanted. 

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Cha'os (ka'os), n. a conftised 
mass of matter: chaof ic, a. 

Chap (chap or chop), v.a. to 
cleave: — ». a cleft. 

Chap'el, n. place of worship. 

Chap'eron (shap'e-rdn), v.a. 
to attend as a lady's pro- 
tector: — n. one who so at- 

Chap-fallen, a. dejected. 

Chap^lain, n. a clergyman for 
a renment, ship, &c.: -cy, «. 

Chap-let, n. a garland. 

Chap'ter, ». a division of a 
b<x>k; branch of a society. 

Char, VM. to bum to coal. 

Char^acter, n. a mark, letter; 
personal qualities, reputa- 
tion: -is'tic, a. that char- 
acterizes: -te'tic, ».: -ize, 
v.a. to mark; describe. 

Charade', n. kind of riddle. 

Char^coal, n. wood-coal. 

Charge, v. to impute, accuse; 
enjoin; load; attack; make an 
onset: — n. care; command; 
load; accusation; expense; 
onset: -able, a. 

Char^cer, n. a large dish; a 

Char^ily, ad. sparingly. 

Char^iot, n. a wheel-carriage 
of state, &c.: -eer^, n. driver 
of a chariot. 

Char-ity, n. liberality to the 
poor, love: char^itable, a. 

CharOatan (shar'-), n. a 
quack: -ry, n. 

Charm, n. that which en- 
chants or pleases greatly; 
magic spell: — v.a. to be- 
witch, delight. j 

Char^nel-house, n. repository; 
for dead men's bones. i 

Chart, n. a map of coasts, &c. 

Char^ter, n. a writing confer- 
ring privileges, &c., a pat- 
ent: — V. to establish by char- 
ter; let or hire as a sWp. 

Char-y (chair^i), a. cautious, 
wary, sparing. 

Chase, v.a. to hunt, pursue; to- 
emboss: — n. huntmg, par- 
suit; case for type; groove. 

Chasm (kazm), ». a deep gap; 

Chaste, a. pure, uncorrupt. 

Chasfen (chas'n), v.a. to 

Chastise', v.a. to punish. 

Chas'tisement (chas'-tXz-), /}. 

Chas'tity, n. purity of the 

Chat, v.n. to talk idly:—//, 
fainiliar idle talk. 

Chateau (shat-dO, n. a castle. 

Chaftel (tl or -el), «. any 
movable inx>perty or goods. 

Chapter, v.n. to talk idly or 
rapidly: — n. idle talk; noise 
of birds. 

Chaf ter-boz, n. an incessant 

Chaf ty, a. talkative. 

Chaufifeur' (sho-fur'), n. driv- 
er of an automobile. 

Cheap, a. low-priced, common. 

Cheap'en (che^pn), v.a. to 
make cheap; to chafifer so 
as to lessen the price of. 

Cheat, v.a. to defraud, de- 
ceive: — n. a fraud; one who 

Check, v.a. to repress, hinder; 
to note by a mark: — n. re- 
straint, curb; mark; an order 
for money. 

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Check'er, v.a. to divCTsify. 

Check'ers, n. pi. a game by 
two on a checkered board. 

Check^mate, n. a movement 
on a chess-board that ends 
the game: — v. a. to check 

Cheek, n. side of the face 

Cheer, n. entertainment, kind 
treatment; a shout: — v. a. to 
encourage, applaud: -ful, a. 
joyful, lively: -less, a. sad: 
-y, a. brisk, gay. 

Cheese, n. curd of milk 
pressed in a hard mass. 

Chem'ic, chem'ical (kem'-), 
a. relating to chemistry. 

Chemise' (she-mezO, n. shift 

Chem'istry (kem'-), «• the 
science which treats of the 
nature and properties of 
bodies: chem'ist, n. 

Cher'ish, v.a. to treat affec- 

Cheroof , n. a cigar. 

Cher'ry, «. a tree and its 
fruit: — a. red, like a cherry, 

Cher'ub, n. an angel; a beau- 
tiful child: pi. cher'ubs and 
cher'ubim: cheru'bic, a. 

Chess, n. a game. 

Chest, n. large box; thorax. 

Chestnut (ches'nut), n. a tree 
and its nut : — a. light-brown . 

Chevalier' (shev-a-ler'), n. a 

Chew, v.a. to crush or grind 
with the teeth. 

Chicane', chican'ery (shl- 
kan'-), n. shifts and tricks 
to deceive. 

Chic'cory, n. a plant. 

Chick'eii, n. young of hen, &c. 

Chick'en-hearted, cowardly. 

jChick'weed, n. a small weed. 

Chide, v.a. to scold. 

Chief (chef), a. principal, 
leading, highest: — n. a com- 
mander, a leader. 

Chieftain, n. a leader. 

Chi'gnon (shen'yon), n. bunch 
of hair worn on the back 
of the head by women. 

Chilltlaia, n. sore due to cold. 

Child, n. very young person, 
son or daughter: pi. chil'- 
dren: -hood, ».: -ish, a. 

Chill, n. cold that causes 
shivering: — a. cold; formal: 
— v.a. to make cold; to de- 
press: -iaess, «.: chiriv, a. 

Chime, n. sound of bells in 
harmony; set of bells: — v. to 
sound in harmony. 

Chime'ra (ki-), «. wild fancy. 

Chimer'ical, a. wild, fanciful. 

Chim'ney, n. a passage or 
funnel for smoke: pi. chim'- 
neys: -piece, n. shelf over 
a fire-place. 

Chin, n. the lower jaw. 

Chi'na, n. porcelain. 

Chine, n. backbone. 

Chink, n. a crack, cleft: — v. to 
crack; to jingle. 

Chintz, ». cotton cloth printed 
in colors. 

ChiroK'rapher, chirog'raph- 
ist (kl-), n. a penman. 

Chiroff'rapfay, n. handwriting. 

Chirop'odist (kl). n. a doctor 
of corns, warts, &c. 

Chirp, n. the voice of birds or 
insects: chirp, v.n.i -iQg, n. 

Chir'rup, v. to chirp. 

Chis'el, n. a tool for paring 
wood. &c.: — v.a. to cut with 
a chisel. 

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Chit, n. a sprout; a child. 

Chivarric (shI-), chiv'alrous 
(shiv'-), a. bold, gallant. 

Chiv'alry (shiv'-), n. knight- 
hood; heroic adventures. 

Chlo'rine (klo'rin), n. a pale- 
green gas. 

Cnlo'rof orm, n. a liquid induc- 
ing insensibility to pain. 

Choc'olate, n. a paste from 
the seeds of a tree of the West 
Indies, &c.; beverage or 
sweetmeat from the paste. 

Choice, n. power of choosing; 
thing chosen, best part: — a. 
select, precious. 

Choir (kwir), n. band of 
singers; part of a church. 

Choke, V. to suffocate, stop up. 

Chd'er (kol'-), n. anger, rage. 

Chol'era (kol'-), «. a malignant 

Chorera mor11>tt8, a disease 
of the digestive organs. 

Ch<^'eric, a. full of anger. 

Choose, V. to pick out, select. 

Chop, v.a. to cut into small 
pieces: — v.n. to shift sud- 
denly, as the wind: — n. a 
small piece of meat. 

Cho'ral (ko'-), a. belonging to 
a choir. 

Chord, n. string of a musical 
instrument; tones in har- 
mony; line joining the ends 
of an arc. 

Chore, n. a small job. 

Chor'ifiter (kor'-), n. leader of 
a choir. 

Chorog'raphy, n. description 
of a district. 

Cho'rus, n. band of singers; 
the part for the whole chorus 
or for many voices. 

Chough (chuf}> n. a jackdaw. 

Chow'der, n. fish or clam stew. 

Chrism, n. consecrated oil. 

Christ, n. the Messiah. 

Chris'ten (kris'n), v.a. to 
name and baptize. 

Chris'tendom (kris'-sn-dum), 
n. regions in which Chris- 
tianity is professed. 

Chris'tian (krist'yan), ». a 
disciple of Christ: — a. relat- 
ing to Christ: -tian'ity, n. 

Christmas (kris'-mas), n. an 
annual festival in memory of 
the birth of Christ. Dec. 25. 

Chromatic, a. relating to 
colors, or to the semi-tone 

Chrome, chro'mium, n. a 
whitish brittie metal. 

Chro'mo, n. a colored litho- 
graphic picture. 

Chronic, a. of long duration. 

Chron'icle, «. a register, a 
record: — v. a. to record. 

Chronoro^, n. the science of 
a.scertaimng the dates of 
events: ns. chronol'oger, 
chronol'onst: ajs. chron- 
olog'ic, chroDolog'ical. 

Chronom'eter, ». a time- 

Chrys'alis, n. state of an 
insect just before it becomes 

Chrys'olite, n. a precious 

Chubl>y, a. shcnrt and thick. 

Chuc'kle, V. to laugh in the 

Chum, H. room-mate, friend. 

Chunk, n. a short thick piece. 

Church, n. a house of divine 
worship; body of Christians. 

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Church'yard, n. a graveyard 

adjoining a church. 
Churl, n. an ill-bred, surly 

man: -ish, a. ill-tMred; surly 
Chum, V, to make butter: — n 

vessel to chum in. 
Chyle (kil). n. a milky fluid 

formed in the stomach. 
Chyme (kim), «. digested food. 
Cic'atrice (-tns), n. a scar. 
Cic'atrize, v. to heal, scar. 
Ci'der, n. apple-juice. 
Cigar' (se-gar'), n. a littie roll 

of tobacco for smoking. 
Cil'iary (sil'ya-), a. relating 

to the eyelashes. 
Cincho'na (ko'-), n. Peruvian 

Cincture, n. a band, belt. 
Cin'der, ». refuse of burnt 

coal, &c. 
Cin'namon, n. a spicy bark. 
Ci'pher, «. the character 0; a 

secret character: — v.n. to 

practise arithmetic. 
Cir'cle, ». a round figure; a 

class of people: — v. to move 

round; surround. 
Cir'cuit (-kit), n. a moving 

round, a round, a district. 
Circu'itous, a. round about. 
Cir'cular, a. round: — ». a let- 
ter to a circle of persons. 
Cir'culate, v. to spread, move 

in a circle: circula'tion, n. 
Circumam'bient, a. encom- 
passing, surrounding. 
Circumam'bulate, v.n. to 

walk round about. 
Cir'cumcise, v. a. to cut off 

the fore^in of: circumci'-j 

sion (-sizh'un), n. 
Circum'ference, n. line that' 

bounds a round body. 


Cir'cumflez, ». a kind of 
accent, as in ft. 

Circum'fluent, a. flowing 
round: circum'fluence, n. 

Circumia'cent, a. lying about. 

Circumlocu'tion, n. a round- 
about form of exiMression: 
circumloc'utory, a. 

Circumnav'igate, v.a. to sail 
round: circumnaviga'tion, 
n.: circumnav'igator, n. 

Circumscribe', v.a. to enclose, 
limit: circumscrip'tion, n. 

Cir'cumspect, a. cautious, dis- 
creet: circumspec'tion, ». 

Cir'cumstance, n. adjunct, 
incident; pi. state of affairs. 

Circumstan'tial, a. consist- 
ing of circumstances, par- 

Circumvalla'tion, n. a cir- 
cuit of fortification. 

Circumvent, v.a. to outwit, 
cheat: circumven'tion, n. 

Cir'cus, «. an arena for feats 
of horsemanship, &c. 

Cis'tem, n. a tank, reservoir. 

Cif adel, n. a fortress. 

Cite, v.a. to summon; quote: 
cita'tioD, n. 

Cif izen, n. inhabitant of a 
city, a freeman: -ship, n. 

Cifron, n. a kind of lemon: 
cifric, a. 

Cif y, n. a large town. 

Civ'et, «. a quadruped, and a 
perfume from it. 

Civ'ic, a. relating to a citizen. 

Civ'il, a. relating to a state or 
to society, nmnicipal, polit- 

\ ical: polite. 

iCivil'ian (-yan), n. one en- 
gaged in civil rather than 
muitary pursi^its. 

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Civil'ity* n. politeness. 

Civ'ilize, v.a. to reclaim from 
a savage state: -iza'tion, n. 

Claim, v.a. to demand, re- 
quire: — «. a demand, a title. 

Claim'ant, n. one who claims. 

Clairvoy'aiice, ». power of 
seeing objects without the 
use of the eyes: clairvoy'- 
ant, a. & n. 

Clam, n. a bivalve shell-fish. 

Clam'ber, v.n. to climb with 

Clam'my, a. viscous, sticky. 

Clam'or, n. loud cries: — v.n 
to cry out: clam'orous, a. 

Clamp, n. a piece to fasten 
something: — v.a. to fasten 
or bind with clamps. 

Clan, n. a tribe; a family; 
clan'nish, a. closely united. 

Clandes'tine (-tin), a. secret. 

Clanc* n. a sharp shrill ringing 
noise: clang, v.n. 

Clan'gor, n. loud shrill sound. 

Clank, n. a metallic noise, as 
of chains. 

Clapa>oard (klabOxird), n. a 
thin, narrow board. 

Clar'et, n. a red wine. 

Clar'ify, v. to make or to be- 
come clear: clarifica'tion,» 

Clarinef , clarionet, n. a 
musical wind instrument. 

Clar'ion, n. a kind of trumpet. 

Clasp, n. a hook; an embracer 
— v.a. to embrace; shut. 

Class, n. rank, order, set: — 
v.a. to arrange in a class. 

Clas'sic, clas'sical, a. of the 
first rank in literature; ele- 
gant: clas'sic, n. 

Clas'sify, v.a. to arrange in 
classes: classifica'tion, n. 


Clause, n. part of a sentence. 

CUv'icle (-kl), n. the collar- 
bone: clavic'ular, a. 

Claw, fi. a hooked nail of a 
beast, &c.: — v.a. to tear 
with a claw. 

Clay, n. kind of earth: -ey, a. 

Clay'more, n. a Scotch broad- 

Clean, a. free from dirt, pure, 
neat: — v.a. to make clean: — 
ad. completely: -ness, n. 

Cleanly (klen'-), a. clean. 

Cleanse (klSnz), v.a. to clean. 

Clear, a. free from mixture, 
fair; innocent, pure; mani- 
fest, plain: — v.a. to make 
clear; to gain: — v.n. to grow 
bright; to have a clearance. 

Clear'ance, n. permission to 

Cleat, n. strip for fastening. 

Cleav'age, n. act or manner of 

Cleave, v. to adhere; split. 

Cleav'er, n. a butcher's axe. 

Cleek, n. an iron-headed golf- 

Clef, n. (Mus.) mark for the 

Cleft, n. a crack, chink. 

Clem'ent, a. mild, merciful: 
clem'ency, n. 

Cler'gy, n. the body of min- 
isters of the gospel : -man, n. 

Clerical, a. relating to the 
clergy or to a writer. 

Clerk, n. a secretary; a trad- 
er's assistant. 

Clev'er, a. dexterous, skilful, 
expert: -ness, n. 

Clew (klu), n. a ball of thread; 
a guide; comer of a sail: — 
v.a. to tie up to the yards. 

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Click, n. a short, sharp sound: 
click* VM. 

Cli'ent, n. one who emi^oys a 

Cliff, n. a steep rock: clifif y, a. 

Climacter'ic (-tSr'-ik or kli- 
mak'-), n. a critical year in 
human life. 

Cli'mate, n. a belt of the 
globe; state of the air in any 
place as to temperature, &c. 

Cli'mAZ, n. a gradual rising in 
a discourse. 

Climb (kllm), v. to ascend 
with labor. 

Clime, ». climate, country. 

Clinch, v.a. to grasp, rivet. 

Clin^, V. to hang on, hold fast. 

Clin'ic, clin'ical, a. pertain- 
ing to a sick-bed. 

Cluric, n. one on a sick-bed. 

Clink'er, n. a cinder or slag. 

Clip, v.a. to cut with shears, 
cut off. 

Clip'per, n. a sharp-built, fast- 
sailing vessel. 

Clique (klgk), n. faction, gang. 

Cloak, n. an outer garment; a 
blind: — v. a. to cover with a 
cloak, conceal, hide. 

Clock, n. a time-keeper. 

Clod, n. a lump of earth. 

Clodliopper, n. a rustic, dolt. 

Clog, v.a. to encumber: — n 
encumbrance; wooden shoe. 

Clois'ter, n. place of religious 
seclusion: — v.a. to shut up 
in a cloister. 

Close (kloz), V. to shut, to con 
elude; to unite: — n. time of 
closing, end. 

Close (klos), a. shut fast, com- 
pact, narrow, stingy, near: — 
n. an enclosed place. 

Close'-fisted (das'-), a. stingy. 

Clos'et, n. a small private 
room: — v.a. to shut up in a 

Clos'ure, n. a shutting. 

Clot, n. a soft coagulated 
mass: — v.a. to form clots. 

Cloth, u. a woven fabric. 

Clothe (\d6th), v.a. to cover 
with clothes. 

Clothes QsXothz), n. pi., cloth.' - 
ing, n. garments, dress. 

Clom'ier (klo/Zt'ygr), n. one 
who makes or sells cloth or 

Cloud, n. collection of vapor: 
V. to darken with clouds. 

Clove, n. a spice. 

Clo'ver, n. a kind of grass. 

Clown, n. a rustic, a boor; a 
buffoon: -ish, a. awkward. 

Cloy, v.a. to satiate. 

Club, ». a cudgel; an associa- 
tion: — V. to unite for a com- 
mon end. 

Club'-foot, n. a short, de- 
formed foot: -ed, a. 

Cluck, V. to call as a hen does. 

Clue, n. See Clew. 

Clump, n. a cluster, as of trees. 

Clum'sy, a. awkward. 

Clus'ter, n. a bunch, collec- 
tion: V. to unite in bunches. 

Clutch, v.a. to grip, grasp: — 
n. grasp: pi. the paws. 

Clufter, n. a bustle, disorder. 

Clys'ter (klis'-), n. injection. 

Coach, n. a large four-wheeled 
carriage: coach'man, n. 

Coadju'tor, n. an assistant: 
fem. coadju'triz. 

Coag'ulate, v. to curdle: co- 
ag'ulable, a.: coagula'tion, 
«.: coag'ulative, a. 

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Coal, n. a fuel. 

Coalesce' (-lesO, v,n. to unite 

in a mass: coales'cence, n. 
Coalition (-lish'un), n. union. 
Coarse (kdrs), a. not fine, 

gross, rough, rude, uncivil 
Coast, n. sea-shore: — v.n. to 

sail near the coast. 
Coat, n. outer garment; fur 

of a beast: — v. a. to cover. 
Coax, v.a. to flatter so as to 

Cob, ». a pony: spike of maize. 
CoOMdt (-bawlt), n. a brittle 

reddish-gray mineral. 
Cob'ble, v.a. to mend coarse- 

Iv: — ». a small round stone. 
Cob'bler, n. a mender of shoes. 
Cob'web, n. web of a spider. 
Coch'ineal (k6ch'-), n. dried 

insects used as a red dve. 
Coch'leary, coch'leate (kok' 

le-), a. screw-shaped. 
Cock, n. a male bird; part of 

a gun-lock; a heap of hay: — 

v.a. to set up; fix the cock of. 
Cockade', n. a knot of ribbon 

worn on the hat. 
Cockatoo', n. kind of parrot. 
Cock'atrice, n. a fabulous ser- 
Cock'boat, n. a small boat of 

a ship. 
Cock'ereL n, a young cock. 
CocOde (kokl), n. a bivalve 

shell-fish; a weed. 
Cock'ney, u. a Londoner. 
Cock'pit, n. pit where game- 
cocks fight; a room in a ship- 

of-war, for the wounded. 
Cock'roach, n. a black beetle 
Cock'swain (or kok'sn), n 

officer in charge of a boat 

and its crew. 

Co'coa (ko'kd), n. cocoa-nut 
tree; chocolate-nut tree, and 
a beverage from its seeds. 

Cocoon', n. ball spun by a 

Cod, or cod'fish, u. a sea-fish. 

Cod, H. husk, shell, or pod. 

Cod'dle, v.a. to parboil, 

Code, H. a digest of laws. 

Cod'icil,». addition to a will. 

Cod'ify, V. to form into a code. 

Coeffi'cient (-fish'ent), n. joint 
agent; factor in algebra. 

Co-rqiial, a. equal with. 

Coerce', v.a. to restrain, com- 
pel: coer'cion, n. 

Coe'val, a. of the same age. 

Co-exisf , v.n. to exist at the 
same time: co-exisfence, 
«.: co-exisf ent, a. 

Co-exten'sive, a. of like ex- 

Coffee, n. berries of a tropical 
tree; beverage made from 
them: coffee-house, n. 

Coffer, n. a money-chest. 

Coffer-dam, n. a water-tight 
barrier round a pier while 
building in a river, &c. 

Coffin, n. a box in which a 
dead body is enclosed. 

Cog, n. tooth on a wheel. 

Co'gent, a. powerful, con- 
vincing: co'gency, n. 

Cog'itate (koj'-), v.n. to think 
deeply, meditate: cogita'- 
tion, n.: cog'itative, a. 

Co'gnac (kon's^k), n. brandy. 

Cog'nate, a. allied as by birth. 

Cogni'tion, n. knowledge. 

Cog'nizable, a. that may be 
known: that may be tried in 

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Cog'nizance, ». knowledge or 
notice: cog^nizant, a. 

Cohab'it, vm. to live together: 
cohabita'tion, n. 

Coheir' (ko-air'), n. a joint 
heir:/«m. coheir'ess. 

Cohere', v.n. to stick together: 
cohe'rence, n.: -ren^ a. 

Cohe'sion (-zhun), n. act or 
state of cohering, a sticking. 

Cohe'sive, a. sticking. 

Coliort, n. body of soldiers. 

Coif» coiffure, n. head-dress. 

Coil, V. to wind in rings: coil, n. 

Coin, n. a piece of metal 
stamped as money: — v.a. to 
stamp as money; to invent: 
-age, n. 

Coincide', v.n. to agree, corre- 
spond: coin'cidence, n. 

Coke, n. pit-coal charred. 

Col'ander (kul'-). n. a strainer, 

Cold, a. without heat: cold, n 

Col'ic, n. disease of the bowels. 

Colise'um, n. a colosseum. 

Collab'orator, n. a fellow- 

Collapse', v.n. to fall together 
or inwards: collapse', n. 

Col'lar, n. something round 
the neck: — v. a. to seize by 
the collar. 

Collate', v.a. to bring to- 
gether so as to compare. 

Collaferal, a. side by side; 
not direct: — n. security for 
a loan. 

Colla'tion, n. act of collating; 
a repast between meals. 

Colleague (-leg), ». a partner 

Col'lec^ n. a short prayer. 

Collecf , V. to gather together, 
assemble: — collec'tion, n. 
coUec'tive, a.: collecf or, n. 

Col'lege, n. seminary of learn- 
ing; society: colle'giate, a. 

CoUe'gian, n. member of a 

Collide',T;.». to strike together. 

CoU'ier (kol'ygr), n. a coal- 
miner; ship that carries coal: 
coU'iery, n. coal-mine. 

Colli'sion, n. a striking to- 


Col'locate, v.a. to place to- 
gether, arrange: -a'tion, n. 

Coilo'dion, n. solution of gun- 
cotton in alcohol and ether. 

Collo'quial, a. relating to or 
used in conmion conversa- 
tion: -ism, n. 

Col'loquy, n. mutual dis- 
course, conversation: col'- 
loquist, n. 

Collude', v.n. to conspire in 
a fraud: coUu'sion (-zhun), 
n.: collu'sive, a. 

Cologne' (ko-lon'), n. a kind 
of perfumed alcohol. 

Co'lon, n. a point (:). 

Col'onel (kufnel), n. the com- 
mander of a regunent : -cy , n. 

Colo'nial, a. of a colony. 

Col'onist, n. member of a 

Col'onize, v.a. to establish a 
colony in: coloniza'tion, n. 

Colonnade', n. a range of 

Col'ony, n. a body of people 
who settle in another coun- 
try and continue subject to 
the mother state; the coun- 
try thus settled. 

Col'or (kul'ur), n. hue, tint; 
paint; false show: pl. flag: — 
v.a. to paint, dye: — v.n. to 
blush: -able, a. specious. 

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Colos'sal, a. gigantic. 

Colosse'um, n. a gigantic 

Colos'sus, n. a gigantic statue. 

Coi'porteur (-i)6r-tgr), n. a 
pedler of religious books. 

Colt, n. a young horse. 

Corter (kor-), ». cutting-iron 
of a plough. 

Coriiinbary, n. pigeon-house. 

Col'umbine (-bin), a. dove- 
colored: — n. a F^t. 

Col'umn (kol'um), n. a cylin- 
drical pillar; perpendicular 
section of a page; body of 
troops: cokim'nar, a. 

Coliire'» n. one of two great 
circles supposed to intersect 
in the cdestial poles. 

Co'ma, n. lethargy, stupor. 

Comatose' (kom-), a. drowsy. 

Comb (k5m), n. an instru 
ment for the hair; crest as of 
a cock; cells in which bees 
store honey: — v.a. to dress 
with a comb. 

ComlMt, V. to fight, oppose: 
n. contest, battle: -ant, «. 

ComlMtive, a. inclined to 

Combine', v. to join, unite; 
combina'tion, n. 

Combus'tible. a. that may be 
burnt: commistibil'ity, n. 

Combtis'tion, n. a burning. 

Come'dian, n. an actor of 

Com'edy, n. a humorous 
dramatic play. 

Come'ly (kum'-), a. graceful, 
becoming, handsome. 

Com'et, II. a heavenly body 
with a luminous tail: com' 
etary, a. 

Com'fit (kum'-), n. a dry 

Com'fort (kum'-), v. a. to 
strengthen, console, cheer: — 
n. rehef , what gives ease, &c . : 
-able, a.: -er, ».: -less, a. 

Com'frey (kum'-), n. a plant. 

Com'ic, com'icail, a. raising 
mirth, diverting, droll. 

Com'ity, n. courteousness. 

Com'ma, n. a point (,). 

Command', v. to govern, 
order: — n. order, authority, 
rule: -anf, n, a military 
officer: -er, «.: -ment, n. a 
command, a pcecepi. 

Commem'orate, v.a. to cele- 
brate: commemora'tion, 
ft.: commem'orative, a. 
serving to keep in memory. 

Commence', v. to begin. 

Commence'ment, n. a begin- 
ning; day when the degrees 
are conferred by a college. 

Commend', v.a. to recom- 
mend, praise: -able, a.: 
commenda'tion, n.: com- 
men'datory» a- 

Commens'urable, a. having 
a common measure or divi- 
sor: commensurabil'ity, n. 

Commens'iirate, a. equal in 
measure, proportionate. 

Com'ment, n. an explanatory 
remark: — v.». to remark in 
explanation: -ator, n. 

Com'mentary, n. a book of 

Com'merce, n. trade or traf- 
fic on a large scale; familiar 
intercourse: commer'cial,a. 

Commin'gle, v.a. to mix. 

Com'minute, v.a. to pulver- 
ize: comminu'tion, n. 

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Commis'erate, v.a. to pity: 
commisera'tion, n. 

Commissa'riat, n. the de- 
partment of the commissary. 

Com'missary, n. officer who 
has the charge of furnishing 
provisions, &c., to an army. 

Commis'sion (-mish'un), n. 
act of committing, trust, 
charge; allowance to an 
agent; body of commission- 
ers: — v.a. to empower: -er, 
n. one empowered to act. 

Commis'sure, n. seam, suture. 

Commif , v.a. to intrust, con- 
sign; do; pledge: -meiit» n. 

Committee, n. persons ap- 
pointed to manage matters. 

Commix', v. to mmgle. 

Commixf ure, n. compound. 

Commode', n. a small stand. 

Commo'dious, a. convenient, 
suitable: -ness, n. 

Commod'ity, n. article of 

Com'modore, n. commander 
of a squadron of ships. 

Com'mon, a. belonging to 
many, not scarce, public, 
usual: — n. a public ground. 

Com'monalty, «. the com- 
mon people. 

Com'moner, n. a man not 

Com'mon-place, a. common, 
hackneyed: — n. common or 
ordinary topic. 

Com'mons, n. pi. common 
people; lower house of par- 
liament; food in common. 

Commonwear, n. the public 

Com'mon wealth, n. a free 

Commo'tion, n. a timiult. 

Commune', v.n. to converse 

Commu'nicable, a. that may 
be communicated. 

Commu'nicaiit, n. one who 
partakes of the Lord's Sup- 

Commu'nicate, v. to impart, 
disclose; to have inter- 
course : — communica'tioii, 
».: commu'nicative, a. 

Commun'ion (-yun), n. fel- 
loveship; sacrament of the 
Lord's Supper. 

Com'munism, n. the having 
property in common: com'- 
munist, n. 

Commu'nity, n. the public; 
common possession. 

Commute', v.a. to exchange, 
buy off: commuta'tion, n. 

Com'pact, n. an agreement. 

Compacf, a. firm, solid, 
close:— ;v.a. to unite closely. 

Compan'ion, n. an associate: 
-able, a. agreeable: -ship,». 

Com'pany (kum'-), n. persons 
associated together; fellow- 

Compar'ative, a. estimated by 
comparison, relative. 

Compare', v.a. to measure or 
estimate by something else; 
to liken: — v.n. to be equal. 

Compar'ison (-sn), n. act of 
comparing, comparative esti- 
mate; sinule. 

Compart'ment, n. a division. 

Com'pass (kum'-) v.a. to en- 
circle; to bring about: — ». 
circuit, range; instrument to 
steer ships by: />/. instrument 
to describe circles, &c. 

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Compas'sion, n. pity, sym- 
pathy: -ate, a. & v.a. 

Compatible, a. consistent: 
compatibil'ity, n. 

Compa'triot, n. one from the 
same country. 

Compeer', n. an equal. 

Comper, v.a. to force, oUige. 

Compella'tion, n. style of ad- 

Com'pend, compen'diiun, n 
an abridgment. 

Compen'dious, a. concise. 

Compen'sate, v.a. to requite, 
recompense: compensa'- 
tion, ».: compen'satory, a 

Compete', v.n. to strive after 
the same as another, vie: 
competition, n.: compet- 
itive, a.: competitor, n. 

Com'petent, a. sufficient, qual- 
ified, fit: ns. com'petence, 

Compile', v.a. to compose by 
taking parts from other 
authors: compila'tion, n. 

Compla'cent, a. pleased, grati- 
fied: ns. compla'cence, 

Comjplain', v.n. to make com- 
plaint, find fault: -ant, n. 

Complaint', n. a blaming, ac- 
cusation; disease. 

Complaisanf (-zantO, a. cour- 
teous, obliging: -ance', n. 

Com'plement, n. full number. 

Complete', a. perfect, fin- 
ished: — v.a. to finish, ac- 
complish: -ly, ad. fully: 
comple'tion, n. 

Com'plex, a. complicated; of 
many parts: complex'ity, ». 

Complez'ion (-plek'shun), n 
color of the skin or face. 

Compli'ant, a. yielding. 

Com'plicate, v.a. to render 
comi^ex, entangle. 

Com'pliment, n. an expres- 
sion of admiration, &c.: — 
vui. to speak in praise of: 
complimenf ary, a. 

Comply', v.n. to act in accord. 

Compo'nent, a. forming a 
part: compo'nent, n. 

Comporf, V. to agree, be- 

Compose', vui. to form, to 
write as an author; to 
soothe, quiet: compo'ser, n. 

Compos'ite (-poz'it), a. com- 
posed of parts. 

Composi'tion (-zish'un). n. 
act of composing or thing 
composed; a written work. 

Compos'itor, n. a type-setter. 

Com'post (-post), n. manure. 

Compos'ure (-pO'-zhur), n. 
adjustment; calmness. 

Compound', v. to compose of 
parts, mix; settle, agree. 

Com'pound, a. compounded, 
not simple: — n. mixture. 

Comprehend', v.a. to com- 
prise; understand. 

Comprehen'sion, n. power to 

Comprehen'sive, a. broad, 

Compress', v.a. to press to- 
gether, condense: compres'- 
sible, a.: compres'sion, n. 

Com'press, n. a pad. 

Comprise', v.a. to contain, in- 
clude: compri'sal, n. 

Com'promise, n. a compact 
in which mutual concessions 
are made: — v.a. to settle by 
mutual concessions. 

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Comptroner (kon-trol'-), n. 
an officer who examines 
public accounts. | 

Compursion, n. act of com- 
pelling, force: ajs. compur- 
sive, compulsory. 

Compunc'tion, n. remorse: 
compunc^tious, a. 

Compute', vui. to reckon, cal- 
culate: compu'tabie, a. 
computa'tion, n. 

Com'rade, n. a companion, j 

Concat'enate, v.a. to link to- 

Concatena'tioii, n. series of 
links. I 

Con'cave, a. hollow, curved, 
or arched: con'cave, n.: 
concav'ity, n. 

Conceal', v. a. to hide, secrete: 
-ment, n. 

Concede', v. to ^ve up, grant. 

Conceif , n. notion; vanity. 

Conceifed, a. vain: -ness, n. 

Conceive' (sev'), v. to imag- 
ine, think; become pregnant: 
conceiv'abie, a. 

Concen'trate, v. a. to bring to- 
gether or to a centre, con- 
dense: concentra'tion, n. 

Concen'tric, concen'trical, a. 
having a common centre. 

Concep^tion, m. act of con- 
ceiving or thing conceived, 

Concern', v.a. to belong to, 
aflfect; to make uneasy: — 
n. business, aflfair, care. 

Concern'ing, prep, relating to. 

Concerf , v. to contrive. 

Con'cevt, n. union; musical 

Concerti'na (sgr-te'na), n. a 
kind of accordion. 

Conces'sion, n. a conceding, a 
grant: conces'sive, a. 

i Conch (konk), n. a sea-shell. 

Con'choid (kong'koid), n. a 
curve like a shell: -al, a. 

Conchol'ogy (-kol'-),n. science 
of shells: conchol'ogist, n. 

Concil'iate, v.a. to win over, 
make friendly: concilia'- 
tion, ».: concil'iator, n.: 
concil'iatory, a. 

Concise' (-sis'), a. brief, short. 

ICon'clave, ». a close or secret 

I assembly. 

Conclude', v. to determine, 
end; infer: conclu'sion, n. 

Conclu'sive, a. decisive, final. 

Concocf , v.a. to digest, ma- 
ture, prepare: concoc'tion. 

Concom'itant, a. accompany- 
ing, joined with: concom'- 
itant, n. 

Con'cord, n. oneness of feel- 
ing; union, harmony: con- 
cord'ant, a. 

Concord'ance, n. index of 
words in any book. 

Con'course, n. an assembly. 

ICon'crete, a. formed or united 
into a solid mass; not ab- 

1 stract: n. a compound mass. 

Concrete', v. to form into one 

I mass: concre'tion, n. 

jConcu'binage, n. state of liv- 
ing together as man and wife 
without being married. 

Con'cubine, n. kept mistress. 

Concu'piscence, n. carnal de- 
sire, lust: concu'piscent, a. 

Concur', v.n. to act together, 
unite, agree: concur'rence, 
».: concur'rent, a. 

Concus'sion, n. violent shak- 
ing, shock: concus'sive, a. 

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Condemn' (-dem'), v. a. to pro- 
nounce guilty, sentence, 
blame: condenina'tion, n.: 
condem'natory, a. 

Condense', v. to make or to 
grow dense: Hiensa'tion, ». 

Condescend', v.n. to yield to 
an inferior; stoop, deign: 
-ing, a.: condescen'sion, n. 

Condi^' (-dinO, a. merited, fit. 

Con'diment, «. a seasoning; 

Condi'tion (-dish'un), «. qual- 
ity, state, rank, term of a 
compact: -al, a. depending 
on conditions. 

Condole', v. to grieve for 
another's sorrow: condo'- 
lence, n. 

Condone', v.a. to forgive. 

Con'dor, n. a kind of vulture. 

Conduce', v.n. to tend, con- 
tribute: condu'cive, a. 

Con'duct, n. management, be- 

Conducf , v.a. to lead, direct; 
behave: -or, n. 

Con'duit (kun'dit), ». a chan- 
nel or pipe. 

Cone, n. a solid body tapering 
from a circular base to a 

Confab'ulate, v.n. to chat: 
confabola'tion, n. 

Confec'tion, «. a sweetmeat. 

Confec'tioner, ». one who 
makes or sells sweetmeats. 

Confec'tionery, n. sweet- 
meats; confectioner's shop. 

Confed'eracy, ». league; what 
is united by a league. 

Confed'erate, a. united in a 
league, allied: — n. an ally: 
— V. to join in a league: con- 
federa'tion, n. 

Confer', v.a. to give, bestow: 
— v.n. to consult: con'fer- 
ence, n. 

Confess', v. to acknowledge, 
own, admif; hear confession. 

Confes'sion, n. act of con- 
fesdng, acknowledgment. 

Confes'sional, n. a confessor's 

Confess'or, n. one who con- 
fesses, or hears confessions 

Confidaiif , n. a bosom-friend: 
/em. confidante'. 

Confide', v. to trust, intrust. 

Con'fident, a. finnly trusting, 
positive, bold: -ence, n. 

Confiden'tial, a. trusty. 

Confisura'tton, u. external 

Con'fine, «. boundary, limit. 

Confine', v.a. to shut in, re- 
strain, imprison: -ment, n. 

Confirm', v.a. to make sure, 
establish; to admit to com- 
munion: -ative, a.: -atory, 
a.: confirma'tioa, n. 

Confis'cate, a. forfeited to the 
public treasury: — v.a. to take 
as forfeited thus: -a'tion, n. 

Conflagra'tion, n. a f^eat fire. 

Conflicf , v.n. to strive, con- 
test: con'flict, u. 

Cou'fluent, a. flowing togeth- 
er, meeting: — n. a tributary 
stream: con'fluence, n. 

Conform', v. to make, act, or 
be in accordance: -able, a. 
agreeable, suitable. 

Conforma'tion, n. act of con- 
forming; structure. • 

Conform'ity, n. compliance, 
likeness, accord. 

Confotuia', v.a. to mingle, 
perplex, amase. 

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Confront^ » v.a. to face. 

Confuse', v.a. to confound, 
throw into disorder: confu'- 
sion, n. 

Confute', v.a. to disprove, re- 
iute: confuta'tion, n. 

Con'gi (-je), n. leave,, parting 
ceremony: — v. to take leave. 

Congeal', v. to freeze, to clot: 
-ment^ n.: congela'tion, n. 

Conge'nial, a. of the same 
nature, kindred:^ongeni- 
al'ity, n. 

Congen'ital, a. bom with one 

Con'ger (kong'ger), n. sea-eel 

Conge'ries (-ie'ri-ez), n. a 
mass of small bodies. 

Conges'tion, n. undue collec- 
tion of blood: conges'tive, a. 

Conglo'bate, a. formed into a 
ball: — v.a. to form into a 
ball: congloba'tion, n, 

Conglom'erate, a. gathered 
into a ball: — v.a. to gather 
into a ball: -a'tion, n. 

Congrafulate, v.a. to com 
plunent on some happy 
event: congratula'tion, n.: 
congrafulatory, a. 

Con'gregate, v. to assemble. 

Congrega'tion, n. an assem- 
bly: congrega'tional, a. 

Congrega'tionalism, n. a 
form of church-government 
in which all authority^ is 
vested in each congregation 
congrega'tionalbt, n. 

Con'gress, n. a meeting; the 
legislature of the United 
States: congres'sional, a. 

Congru'ity, n. suitableness, 
fitness: con'gruous, a. 

Con'ic, con'ical, a. like or re- 
lating to a cone. 

Con'ics, n. part of geometry 
which treats of the cone. 

Coniferous, a. cone-bearing. 

Con^ecf ure. n. & v. guess, sur- 
mise: conjecf ural, a. 

Conjoin', v. to join together: 
conjoinf , a. 

Con'jugal, a. rdating to mar- 

Con' jugate, v.a. to inflect, as 
a verb: conjuga'tion, n. 

Conjunc'tion, n. union; con- 
necting word. 

Conjunc'tive, a. uniting. 

Conjuncfure, n. a union; 
crisis, occasion. 

Conjuration, n. a solemn 
summoning, incantation. 

Conjure', v.a. to enjoin sol- 

Con' jure (kun'jur), v. to en- 
chant, practise magic: con'- 
jurer, n. 

Connas'cent, a. produced at 
the same time. 

Connate', a. of the same birth. 

Connecf , v. to fasten togeth- 
er, join, unite: connec'tive, 

Connec'tion, connex'ion, n. 
junction, union; a relation. 

Connive', v.n. to wink at any 
fault: conni'vance, n. 

Connoisseur' (-nis-sur'), n. 
a well-skilled critic. 

Connu'bial, a. matrimonial. 

Co'noid, u. anything like a 

Con'quer (kong'kgr), v.a. to 
overcome, vanquish: -or, «.: 
con'quest, n. 

Consanguin'eous, a. of the 
same blood or descent: con- 
sanguin'ity, n. 

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Con'science (-shens), n. our 
sense of right and wrong 
conscien'tious, a. 

Con'scious (kon'shus), a. 
knowing one's own thoughts, 
aware: -ness, n. 

Con'script, n. one drawn by 
lot as a soldier: — a. enrolled: 
conscrip'tion, n. 

Con'secrate, v.a. to make sa- 
cred, dedicate: -action, n. 

Consec'utive, a. following in 

Consenf » n. agreement, as- 
sent: — v.n. to be of the same 
mind, agree. 

Con'sequence, n. the effect of 
a cause, result, importance. 

Con'sequent, a. following as 
an effect. 

Consequen'tial, a. pretending 
to importance, pompous. 

Conserv'ative, a. tending to 
preserve: — n. one opposed to 
political changes. 

Conser'vatory, n. a green- 
house: — a. preservative. 

Conserve', v.a. to preserve: 
conserva'tion, n. 

Consid'er, v. to look at, think 
on, deliberate: -able, a. wor- 
thy of notice, more than a 
little: -ate, a. thoughtful. 

Considera'tion, n. act of con 
sidering, deliberation, mo- 
tive, compensation, impor- 

Consign^ (-sInO, v.a. to give m 
trust, intrust, commit: 
».: -ment, n. 

Consignee' (-sln-g0> ft- one to 
whom goods are consigned. 

Consignor' (-sJn-or'), n. one 
who consigns goods. 

Consisf , v.n. to continue 
fixed; be composed. 

Consisf ent, a. fixed, agree- 
ing together, accordant: — 
ns. consisfence, -ency. 

Consis'tory, n. a spiritual 
court, solemn assembly: 
consisto'rial, a. 

Console', v.a. to comfort, 
cheer: consolable, a.: con- 
sola'tion, ».: consol'atory 
(kon-sftl'-), a. 

Consol'idate, v. to make or to 
grow solid: -a'tion, n. 

Consols' (or kon'solz), 
part of British national debt, 
the 3 per cent, consolidated 

Con'sonance, n, agreement. 

Con'sonant, a. agreeable, con- 
sistent: — n. a closer sound 
than a vowel; a letter stand- 
ing for such a sound. 

Con'sort, n. a wife or hus- 
band, a companion. 

Consorf , v. to associate, unite. 

Conspic'uous, a. clearly seen. 

Conspir'acy, n. a plot. 

Conspire', v.n. to plot, unite 
for crime: conspir'ator, n. 

Con'stable, n. a peace-ofl5cer: 
constab'ulaiy, a. & n. 

Con'stant, a. firm, steadfast, 
faithful: con'stancy, ». 

Constella'tion, n. cluster of 

Constema'tion, n. dismay. 

Con'stipate, v. a. to make cos- 
tive: constipa'tion, n. 

Constif uency, ». body of con- 

Constifuent, a. constituting: 
— n. one that constitutes, an 
element; an dector. 

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Con'stitnte, v,a. to form or, 
compose, appoint. 

Constitu'tionf n. frame of 
body or mmd; established { 
form of govermnent: -al, a.: 
-al'ity. n. 

Constrain', v.a. to compel. 

Constraint', n. force. 

Constrict^, v.a. to bind, con- 
tract: constric'tion, n. 

Construct^, v. a. to build, form: 
construc'tion, n.: -ive, a. 

Con'strue, v.a. to translate. 

Consubstantia'tion (-shi-a'-), 
n. doctrine of Christ's pres- 
ence in the bread and wine 
used at the Lord's Supper. 

Con'sul, n. an ancient Roman 
magistrate; a public foreign 
commercial agent: con'su- 
lar, a.: con'sulate, n. 

Consult, V. to ask or take 
counsel: consulta'tion, n 

Consume', v.a. to waste, 
spend, destroy by fire, &c. 

Consum'mate, v.a. to com- 
plete: — a. perfect: -a'tion, n. 

Consump'tion, n. act of con- 
suming; a disease of the 
lungs: consump'tive, a. 

Con'tact, n. touch. 

Conta'cion, n. transmission 
of duease by contact: con- 
ta'gioYis, a. 

Contain', vui. to hold, com 
prise, include. 

Contam'inate, v.a. to defile, 
pollute: contamina'tion, ». 

Contemn' (-tem'), v. a. to de- 
spise: contem'ner, n. 

Contem'plate, v. to consider 
attoitivdv, meditate: con- 
templa'tion, n.i contem'- 
plative, a. 

Contempora'neous, a. being 
at the same time. 

Contem'porary, a. being at 

! the same time: — ». one who 
lives at the same time. 

Contempf (-temf), n. a de- 
spising, scorn: -ible, a. des- 
picable, vile: -ibiy, ad.: 
-uotts, a. scornful. 

Contend', v.n. to strive. 

Contenf , v.a. to satisfy: con- 
tenf , a. & ».: -ment, n. 

Conten'tion, n. strife. 

Conten'tiotxs, a. quarrelsome. 

Con'tents, that which is 
contained; mdex of a book. 

Conter'minal, conter'mi- 
nous, a. having the same 

Contesf , V. to contend, dis- 

Con'test, n. strife, dispute. 

Con'tezt, n. the parts which 
precede and follow a special 

Contig'uous, a. touching, in 
contact: contigu'ity, n. 

Con'tinence, n. restraint of 
the sexual appetite, chastity: 
con'tinent, a. 

Con'tinent, n. a great body of 
land: continen'tal, a. 

Contin'gent, a. liable but not 
certain to happen, accident- 
al: — n. a contingent event, a 
share: ns. contin'gence, -cy . 

Contin'ual, a. unceasing. 

Contin'ue, v. to remain, last, 
prolong: ns. contin'uaace, 

Contin'uous, a. closely joined 
or united: continu'ity, n. 

Contorf , VM. to twist, writhe: 
contor'tion, n. 

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Contour' (-todr'), n. outline. 

Con'traband, a. prohibited, 
illegal: — n. illegal traffic. 

Contract^ , v. to draw togeth- 
er, shrink; incur; bargain: 
-or, n.: contrac'tion, ». 

Con'tract, n. an agreement. 

Contrac'tile (-til), a. having 
power to contract: cwi- 
tractil'ity, n. 

Con'tra-dance, n. dance with 
partners in opposite lines. 

Contradict, v.a. to oppose 
b^ words, deny: contraoic'- 
tion, n.: contradic'tory, a. 

Contradistiiic'tioii, n. dis- 
tinction by contrast. 

Contral'to, n. (Mus.) alto. 

Con'traries, things of 
opposite qualities. 

Contrariety, n. opposition. 

Con'trary, a. opposite, incon 
sistent: con'trariness, u. 

Contrast^ , v.a. to place in oi 
position so as to show the 
dissimilarity: con'trast, n. 

Contravene', v.a. to oppose, 
obstruct: contraven'tion, n 

Contrib'ute, v. to |:ive along 
with others: contnb'utor, n. 

Contribu'tion, n. act of con- 
tributing; what is contrib- 
uted: contrib'utory, a. 

Con'trite, a. humble, penitent. 

Contri'tion, n. sorrow for sin. 

Contrive', v. to j^an, devise: 
contrivance, n. 

Control' (-trSl'), vm. to gov- 
ern, restrain: — ». restraint, 

Controller (-tr5l'-), n. one 
who controls: -snip, n. 

Controver'sial, a. relating to 
controversy: -iat, n. 


Con'troversy, ». dispute. 

Con'trovert, v.a. to oppose, 
refute: controverfible, a. 

Con'tumacy, n. obstinacy, 
stubborn disobedience: con- 
tuma'cious, a. 

Con'tumely, n. haughty rude- 
ness: contume'lious, a. 

Contuse', v.a. to bruise. 

Contu'sion, n. a bruise. 

Conun'drum, n. sort of riddle. 

Convales'cent, a. recovering 
health: convales'cence, n. 

Convene', v.n. to come to- 
gether: v.a. to call together. 

Conven'ient (-ven'yent), a. 
fit. useful, handy: -ience, n. 

Con'vent, «. a nunnery or 

Conven'ticle, n. a meeting of 
dissenters for worship. 

Conven'tion, n. assembly; a 
treaty; established usage. 
snven'tional, a. customary. 

Converge', v.n. to tend to one 
point: conver'gence, n.: 
conver'gent, a. 

Con'versant, a. versed in. 

Conversa'tion, n. discourse, 
talk: -al, a. 

Converse', v.n. to discourse, 

Con' verse, n. conversation; a 
reversed proposition: — a. op- 
posite, reciprocal. 

Conver'sion, n. change. 

Converf , vm. to change from 
one thing or course to anoth- 
er: -ible, a.: -ibU'ity, n. 

Con'vert, n. one converted. 

Con'vez, a. rounded on the 
outside: convex'ity, n. 

Conve3^ .(-vaO, v.a. to carrj', 
transmit: -ance, n. 

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Convey'ancer, n. one who 
draws deeds, &c.: convey'- 
ancing, n. 

Convict', v.a. to prove guilty: 
convic^tioii, n. 

Con'vict, n. one legally proved 
guilty, a felon. 

Convince', vja. to satisfy by 

Conviv'ial (-viv'-I-al), a. fes- 
tal, jovial, social: conviv- 
ial'ity, n. 

Convoca'tion, n. an assembly. 

Convoke', v.a. to call together. 

Con'volute, con'voluted, a. 
rolled one part on another. 

Convolve', v.a. to roll togeth- 
er: convoiu'tion, n. 

Convoy', v.a. to attend in or- 
der to protect: con'voy, n. 

Convulse', v.a. to shake vio- 
lently, affect by spasms: 
convul'sion, n.: convul'- 
sive, a. 

Cony (kimlof k6'-), n. rabbit. 

Coo, v.n. to cry as a dove. 

Cook (k66k), v.a. to boil, bake, 
roast, &c. for food: cook, n. 

Cook'ery, n. art of cooking. 

Cook'y, n. small cake. 

Cool, a. somewhat cold: cool, 
». & v.: -ness, n. 

Cool'ie, n. a Chinese or East 
Indian laborer. 

Coop, n. a cage for poultry: — 
v.a. to shut up in a coop. 

Coop'er, n. a maker of barrels, 
&c.: -age, n. cooper's work. 

Co-op'erate (ko-op'-), v.n. to 
work together for the same 
end: -a'tion,».: co-op'era- 
tive, a.: co-op'erator, n. 

Co-or'dinate, a. having the 
same rank. 

Coot, n. a black water-fowl. 

Copai'ba, copai'va, n. a bal- 

Co'pal, n. a resin used in var- 

Coparf ner, n. a joint partner. 

Cope, n. a hood, a priest's 
cloak; arch, vault: — v.a. to 
cover with a cope: — v.n. to 
vie, contend. 

Cop'inf; (k6p'-), «. the top or 
cappmg of a wall. 

Co'plous, a. plentiful. 

Cop'per, n. a metal: — v. a. to 
cover with copper. 

Cop'peras, n. sulphate of iron, 
green vitriol. 

Cop'per-plate, n. an engraved 
^te of copper; an impres- 
sion from the plate. 

Cop'pice, copse, n. a wood of 
small trees. 

Cop'ulate, V. to couple, come 
together sexuallv: copula'- 
tion, n.i cop'ulative, a. 

Cop'y, H. a manuscript, pat- 
tern, transcript: — v.a. to 
transcribe, imitate. 

Cop'yhold, n. (Eng. Law) a 
tenure by copy of court-rolls. 

Cop'3dst, ». one who copies. 

Cop'yri^t, n. sole right to 

Coquef (-ketO, v.n. to trifle in 
love, flut: -ry, n. 

Coquette' (ko-ketO, n. a fe- 
male flirt: coquef tish, a. 

Cor'al, n. a hard substance, 
the skeletons of zoophytes. 

Cord, n. a small rope; a meas- 
ure of wood, 128 cubic feet: 
— V. a. to fasten; pile in cords. 

Cord'age, n. ropes, cords. 

Cor'date, a. heart-shaped. 

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Cord'ial (kord'yal), a. hearty, ICor'onet, «. noble's crown. 

n. a strengthening Cor'poral, a. relating to the 
body: ». low military officer. 

Cor'porate, a. legally united 
so as to act as an individual: 
•orpora'tion, ». a body so 

Coxpo'real, a. having a body, 
material: corporearity* n. 

Corps (k5r), n. a body of 
troops, &c. 

Corpse, n. dead human body. 

Cor'pulent, a. fleshy, fat: 
-lence, n, 

Cor'puscle (-pus-1), u. phys- 
ical atom: corpus'cular, a. 

Corral', n. an enclosed yard 
for cattle, &c. 

Correct^ , v.a. to make right; 
punish: — a. free from faults, 
accurate: -ive, a. & n. 

Correc'tion, n. a correcting. 

Correlative, a. reciprocally 
related, as father and son: — 
n. person or thing so related: 
correla'tion, n. 

Correspond', v.n. to suit, an- 
swer; to have intercourse by 
letters: -eoce, «.: -ent, n. 

Cor'ridor, n. gallery, passage. 

Corrob'orate, v.a. to confirm: 
corrobora'tion, ».: cor- 
rob'orative, a. 

Corrode'. v.a. to eat away 
gradually: corro'dent, a.: 
corro'sion (-ro'zhun), «.: 
corro'sive, a, 

Cor'rugate, v.a. to wrinkle: 
corruga'tion, n. 

Corrupf , V. to make putrid, 
debase, rot: — a. putnd, de- 
praved: -ibil'ity, «.: -ible, 
a.: corrup'tion, n. 

Cor'sair, n. a pirate. 

drink: cordial'ity, m. 

Cor'don, n. line of military 
posts; badge of honor. 

Cor'duroy, n. a ribbed stuff. 

Core, n. heart, inner part. 

Coria'ceotts, a. leathery. 

Corian'der, n. a plant and its 
hot, spicy seed. 

Cork, n. a tree and its bark; a 
stopple: — v.a. to stop with 
a cork. 

Cork'screw, n. a screw for 
drawing corks. 

Cor'morant, n. ravenous sea- 

Com, n. grain, as maize, 
wheat, &c.; homy excres- 
cence on the toe: — v.a. to 
preserve with salt. 

Cor'nea, n. homy membrane 
forming the front of the eye. 

Cor'ner, n. an angle; recess: 
— v.a. to drive into a comer. 

Cor'net, n. horn-shaped trum- 
pet; cavalry-officer: -cy, n. 

Cor'nice (-nis), n. highest pro- 
jecting work of columns, &c. 

Comuco'pia, n. the fabled 
horn of plenty; a conical pa- 
pa* receptacle for candy, &c. 

Coroi'la, u. the inner leaves 
of a flower. 

Cor'ollary, u. a consequent 

Cor'onal, a. pertaining to a 
crown: — n. a crown; the 
frontal bone. 

Corona'tion, n. a crowning. 

Cor'oner, n. an officer who 
inquires into the causes of 
accidental or suspicious 

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Corse, ». a corpse. 
Corselet, n. a light breast 

Cor'set, n. stays. 
Cor'tige (-tazh), n. a train of 

Cor'tical, a. like bark, ex- 
Corus'cate, v.n. to glitter, 

flash: conis'cant, a.: co- 

rusca'tion, n. 
Corvette^ n. small war-ship. 
Co'sey (ko'zl), a. snu^, warm. 
Cosmefic, a. beautifying:— 

n. a wash for beautifying 

the complexion. 
Cosmog'ony, n. science of the 

creation of the universe: cos- 

mog'onist. n. 
Cosmog'raphy, n. science of 

the constitution of the uni- 
verse: cosmog'rapher, n. 
Cosmorogy, n. science of the 

structure and parts of the 

universe: cosmorogist, n. 
Cosmop'olite, cosmopol'i- 

tan, n. a citizen of the world. 
Cos'set, n. a lamb brought up 

by hajid: — v.a. to pet. 
Cost, n. price paid, expense: — 

v.a. to be had or bought for. 
Cos'tal, a. relating to the ribs. 
Cos'tive, a. sluggish in the 

bowels: -ness, n. 
Costly, a. of great cost. 
Costume', n. mode of dress. 
Cot, w. a hut; a small house; a 

small bed. 
Cote, n. a sheep-fold. 
Coterie' (-re'), n. society, club. 
Cotillon (-yun), n- a dance 

or a combination of dances 
Coftage, n. a hut, small house: 

cof tager, n. 

Cof ton (-tn), n. a plant; down 
of the i^ant; cotton cloth. 

Cotyle'don, n. seed-lobe of a 
plant: cotyled'oaoos, a. 

Couch, V. to lay or lie down, 
place; remove, as a cataract 
m the eye: — n. a place for 

CouiSi (kdf), n. effort of the 
lungs, with noise, to get rid 
of phlegm: cough, v. 

Coun'cil, ». an assembly for 

Coun'cillor, n. a member of a 

Coun'sel, n. advice, consulta- 
tion; a counsellor: — v.a. to 
give advice to. 

Coun'sellor. n. one who gives 
advice, a lawyer. 

Count, V. to number, reckon; 
consider! rely: — n. a reckon- 
ing; a title. 

Coun'tenance, n. the face, 
look, encouragement: — v.a. 
to support. 

Coun'ter, n. a shop-table. 

Coun'ter, ad. contrary. 

Counteracf, vm. to act in op- 
positi(Hi to, frustrate. 

Counterbal'ance, v. to weigh 

Coun'terfeit (-fit), v. a. to 
feign, imitate, make false 
money: coun'terieit, n. & 
a.: -er, n. 

Countermand', v.a. to revoke 
(an order) : countermand, n. 

Countermarch', v.n. to march 
back: coun'termarch, n. 

Coun'termine, n. a mine to 
frustrate the use of one made 
by an enemy: counter- 
mine', v.a. 

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Coun'terpane, n. a coveriet 

Cottn'terpArt, n. a corre- 
six>ndmg i^rt. 

Coun'terpoint, n. (Mus.) 
written harmony. 

Counterpoi8e\ v.a. to coun 

Coaiiter8icn% v.a. to sign or 
attest as secretary. 

Cottn'tersign, n. (Mil.) watch- 

Countervail', v. a. to offset. 

Cottnf ess, n. wife of a count 
or an earl. 

Counfing-hotwe, n. house 
used for the keeping of ac- 

Countless, a. numberless. 

Coun'trified (kun'-), a. rustic. 

Coun'try, n. a region; rural 

Coun'tryman, n. one bom in 
the same country; a rustic. 

Coim'ty, n. a shire, district. 

Coup'le (kupl), n. a pair:— 
V. to unite. 

Couplet, n. two lines that 

Cou'pon (koo'pon), n. an in 
terest ticket cut from a 

Courtage (kur'-), n. bravery, 
spirit: coura'geous (-jus), a. 

Cou'rier (ko6'ri-er), n. a mes- 

Course (kors), n. race, track, 
progress, conduct; service 
of food at table: — v.n. to 
race, hunt. 

Coors'er, n. race-horse. 

Court (kort), n. residence of a 
prince; space enclosed; hall 
of justice; body of judges; 
attentions: — v.a. to woo. 

Cour'teous (kur'-), a. polite. 

Cour'tesan (kur'te-zan), ». a 

Cour'tesy (kur'te-sl), n. polite- 
ness; a polite act. 

Courte'sy (kurt'sJ), n. gesture 
of respect by women. 

Courfier (kOrfyer), n. one 
who frequents courts or 

Courfly, a. of elegant man- 
ners: court'liness, n. 

Court'-mar'tial, n. court of 
military or naval oflScers: pi. 

Courtship, «. making love. 

Cous'in (kuz'n), n. child of an 
uncle or an aunt. 

Cove, n. a small bay. 

Cov^enant (kuv'-), n. contract, 
agreement: — v.n. to agree. 

Cov'er, v.a. to oversprcsBwi, 
conceal, shelter: cov'er, n. 

Cov'erlet, n. a bedcover. 

Cov'ert, a. sheltered; secret: — 
n. a shelter. 

Cov'erture, n. state of a wife. 

Cov'et, v.a. to desire inordi- 

Cov'etous, a. eager for gain, 
avaricious: -ness, n. 

Cov'ey (kuvT), n. a brood. 

Cow, n. female of the bull: — 
v.a. to disiririt. 

Cow'ard, n. one without cour- 
age: — a. afraid of danger, 
timid: -ly, a.: -ice (-Is), n. 

Cow'er, v.n. to sink in fear. 

Cowl, n. a monk's hood. 

Cow'-poz, n. vaccine disease. 

Cow'slip, f». a plant. 

Coz'comb (-kdm), n. a fop: 
-ry, #». 

Coy, a. reserved, shy: -ness, n. 

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Coz'en (kua/n), v.a. to cheat. 
Crab, n. a shdl-fish; a sour 

kind of apple. 
Crab'bed, a. sour-tempered. 
Crack'-brained, a. crazy. 
Crack'er, n. a noisy firework; 

a hard biscuit. 
Crac'kle, v.n. to make small 

sharp sounds: crackling, n. 
Cra'dle, n. a crib in which a 

child is rocked; tool for reap- 
ing grain: — v.a. to rock in a 

cradle; to reap with a cradle. 
Craft, n. trade, art, cunning. 
Crafts'man, n. a mechanic. 
Craff y, a. cunning, artful. 
Crag, «. a rough, steep rock: 

crag'gy, a. 
Cram, v. to stuff, thrust in. 
Cramp, n. a spasm of muscles; 

iron tool: — v. to restrain. 
Cran'berry, «. sour red berry. 
Crane, n. a large wading bird; 

a machine to raise weights. 
Craniol'ogy, n. science of the 

Cra'nium, n. skull: cra'nial,a. 
Crank, n. bent end of an axis 
Crank, a. liable to be upset. 
Cran'ny, n, a chink, a crack. 
Crape, n. a thin stuff for 

Crazier, n. mouth of a volcano 
Cravaf, n. a neckcloth. 
Crave, v. to beseech, long for, 
Cra'ven (-vn), a. cowardly. 
Craw, n. the crop of birds. 
Craw'fish, cray'fish, n. a kind 

of fresh-water shell-fish 
Crawl, v.n. to creei). 
Cray'on, n. a jpencil of chalk, 

&c.; a drawing done with 

Craze, v.a. to make crazy. 

Cra'zy,aJnsane: cra'zine8S,n. 
Creak, vm. to make a harsh, 

grating noise. 
Cream, n. oily part of milk; 

choice part: cream'y, a. 
Crease, n. a mark made by 

folding: crease, v.a. 
Create', vui, to cause to exist: 

crea'tion, n.: crea'tive, a.: 

crea'tor, n. 
Creat'ure (kret'yur), n. what- 
ever has been created. 
Cre'dence, n. belief, credit. 
Creden'tial, n. testimonial. 
Credible, a. worthy of belief: 

credibility, n. 
Credit, n. belief, trust; good 

repute, honor, influence; 

sale on trust; sum due: — v. a. 

to believe, trust. 
Creditable, a. doing credit. 
Creditor, n. one to whom a 

debt is owed. 
Cred'ulous, a. too easy of 

belief: credulity, n. 
Creed, n. statement of faith. 
Creek, n. a small inlet or 

Creep, v.n. to crawl, move 

Crema'tion, n. act of burning. 
Cre'ole, «. a person born m 

Spanish America, the West 

Indies, or Louisiana, but of 

European descent. 
Cre'osote, n. an oily liquid 

from wood-tar. 
Crepitate, v.n» to crackle: 

crepita'tion, n. 
Cres'cent, a. increasing:— ». 

the increasing moon; the 

Turkish standard. 
Cress, n. a plant. 
Crest, «. a plume of feathers. 

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Cresf -fallen, a. dejected. 

Creta'ceous (-shus), a. chalky. 

Crevasse' (-vasO, n. cleft, gap. 

Crcv'ice (-Is), n. a crack. 

Crew, n. ship's company. 

Crew'el, n. soft worsted yam. 

Crib, n. a manger, stall, rack. 

Crib'bage, n. a game at cards. 

Crick, n. cramp or spasm. 

Crick'et, n. an insect; a stool; 
a game with bail and bats. 

Crime, n. a violation of law. 

Crim'inal, a. guilty of a 
crime: — n. one guilty of a 
crime: criminality, n. 

Crim'inate, v.a. to charge 
with crime: crimina'tion, n. 

Crimp, v.a. to form into ridges, 
make wavy. 

Crim'son (-zn), n. deep red 
color: — a. of a deep red: — v. 
to dye with crimson. 

Cringe, v.n. to crouch with 
servility, fawn: cringe, «. 

Crin'kle, v. to moiHd into 
wrinkles, to wrinkle: — n. a 
turn or wrinkle. 

Crin'oline QHn), n. woman's 
stiff skirt; coarse stiff muslin. 

Crip'ple, n. one who is lame: 
— v.a. to make lame. 

Cri'sis, n. a critical time: pi. 
cri'ses (-sez). 

Crisp, a. wrmkled, frizzled, 
brittle: — v. a. to wrinkle, 
make wavy: crisp'y, a. 

Crite'rion, n. a standard to 
judge by, test: pi. crite'ria 
or criteTions. 

Crif ic, n. one skilled in criti- 

Crif ical, a. relating to criti- 
cism, discriminatmg, cap- 
tious, decisive. 

Criticise (-siz), v. to examine 
carefully and judge. 

Crificism, n. art of judging, 
critical judgment. 

Critique' (-tek'), n. critical 
review or essay. 

Croak, n. cry of a frog or 
raven: croak, v.n.: -er, n. 

Crochef (kro-sha'), v. fancy 
knitting by means of a small 
hook: crochef (-sha'), v. 

Crock, v.a. to smut, blacken. 

Crock'ery, n. earthen-ware. 

Croc'odile, n. a large amphib- 
ious reptile. 

Cro'cus, n. an early plant. 

Croft, ». a little field. 

Crone, n. an old woman. 

Cro'ny, n. bosom companion. 

Crook (kr66k), ». a bend; staff 
bent at the end; artifice: — v. 
to bend. 

Crook'ed, a. bent: -ness, n. 

Crop, «. produce; a bird's 
stomach: — v.a. to cut off. 

Croquef (kro-ka'), n. a game 
played with wooden balls 
and long-handled mallets. 

Cro'sier (-zher), n. a bishop's 

Cross, n. one straight bar or 
line crossing another, gibbet; 
affliction, trial: — a. trans- 
verse; peevish: — v. to lay or 
pass athwart, cancel, thwart. 

Cross'bow (-bo), «. a weapon. 

Cross-ezam'ine, v.a. to ex- 
amine, as a witness called 
by the opposite party. 

Cross'-eyed (-id), a. having 
eyes turned toward the nose. 

Cross'-grained, a. ill-natured. 

Cross-ques'tion, v.a. to cross- 

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Crotch, n. fork as of a tree. Crusade% n. expedition under 

Crotch'et, n. a note in music;' the cross to recover the Holy 

a whim. ' Land. 

Crotch'ety, a. whimsical. 

Crouch (farowch), v. to stoop. 

Croup (krddp), n. a disease in 
the throat; tne rump. 

Crow (kr6). n. a black bird; 
the cry of a cock: — vm. to 
cry as a cock; boast. 

Crow'-bar, n. an iron lever. 

Crown, ». diadem of ro^ty; 
top of the head; a coin; a 
garland: z/.a. to invest with a 
crown; dignifv, complete. 

Cru'cial (kr66'sm-al), a. trans- 
verse; testing, searching. 

Cru'cible, n. a chemist's melt- 

Cru'cifix, n. figure of Christ 
on the cross. 

Crucifix'ion, n. a crucifying. 

Cru'ciform, a. cross-shaped 

Cru'cify, vm. to put to death 
by nailing to a cross; mortify. 

Crude, a. raw, unripe: -ness, 
«.: cru'dity, n. 

Cru'el, a. inhuman, hard- 
hearted: -tY, n. 

Cru'et, n. vial for vinegar, &c. 

Cruise (krdoz), v.n. to rove on 
the sea: cruise, n. 

Cruis'er, n. one that cruises. 

Crumb, n. fragment, as of 
bread: — v.a. to br«kk into 

Cruse, w. a small cup or vial. 
Crust, n. hard outer part of 

bread, &c.: crust, v. 
Crusta'cean (-shan), n. ani- 
mal with a crust-like shell. 
Crusta'ceous (-shus),a. shelly. 
Crusf y, a. like crust; surly. 
Crutch, n. a support used by 

Cry, V. to call aloud, proclaim; 

to weep: cry, «. 
Crypt, n. a vault, cell. 
Cnrs'tal, n. a regular solid 

body; a fine glass. 
Crys'tal, crys'talline, a. of or 

Uke crystal, clear. 
Crjrs'tallize, v. to form into 

crystals: ciystaUiza'tion, n. 
Cub, n. young of bear, fox, &c. 
Cube, n. a solid square; third 

IX)wer of a number: cu'bic, 

a.: culDiform, a. 
Cu11>eb, n. a medicinal berry. 
CunDit, n. measure from the 

elbow to the tip of the mid- 
dle finger. 
Cuck'oo (k66k'66), n. a bird. 
Cu'cumber, n. a garden plant 

and its fruit. 
Cud, n. food taken into the first 

stomach of an animal to be 

Cud'dle, VM. to lie close. 

Crum'ble, v. to break intO'Cud'dy,«>.acabininaboat. 

small pieces. 
Crum'pet, n. a soft cake. 
Crum'ple, v. to draw into 

Crup'per, n. strap fastened to 

the saddle and passing under 

the horse's tail. 

Cud'gei, n. a club or stick: — 

v.a. to beat with a club. 
Cue, n. the tail or end; a hint; 

a rod used in billiards. 
Cuff, n. a blow; part of a 

sleeve: — v.a. to strike with 

the palm. 

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Cttirass'Ckwe-rasO, n. a breast- 

Cuirassier' (kwe-ras-ser'), n. 
a soldier with a cuirass. 

Cu'linary, a. relating to cook- 
ery or the kitchen. 

Cull, V.H. to select. 

Cullender, ». See CoFander. 

Culm, n. a stalk or stem. 

Cul'minate, v.a. to rise to the 
highest pomt: -a'tion, «. 

Cul'pable, a. blamable: cul- 
pabil'ity, n. 

Cul'prit, n. a criminal, or one 
accused of crime. 

Cul'tivate, vm. to till, im- 
prove, refine: cultiva'tioii,n. 

Cul'tivator, n. one who culti- 
vates; a kind of plough. 

Culfure, n. cultivation, re- 

Cul'vert,«. an arched passage. 

Cum'ber, vui. to clog, hinder 
by loading: -some, a.: 
cumlDrous, a. 

Cum'in, n. a plant and its 
aromatic seeds. 

Cu'mulate, v. to accumulate. 

Cu'mulative, a. increasing by 
successive additions. 

Cu'neate, cune'iform, a. 

Cun'nmg, a. skilful, artful, 
crafty; n. skill, artifice, craft 

Cup, n. a drinking vessel:— 
v.a. to bleed by scarification 

Cup^board (kub'urd), n. a case 
with shelves for dishes, pro- 
visions, &c 

Cu'pel, n. vessel to assay 
metals in. 

Cupella'tion, n. assaying. 

Cu'pid, n. the god of love. 

Cupid'ity,». ill desire, avarice. 

Cu'pola, n. a cup-shaped roof, 

Cur, n. a mean dog. 

Ctt'racy, n. office of a curate. 

Cu'rate, n. a clergyman as- 
sisting a rector or vicar. 

Cura'tor, n. a superintendent. 

Curb, VM. to restrain, check: — 
n. part of a bridle; frame 
round a well. 

Curd, n. milk coagulated. 

Cur'dle, v. to coagulate. 

Cure, n. a remedy, act of heal- 
ing: — v.a. to h«il; preserve 
by salting, drying, &c. 

Cur'few, n. an evening bdl. 

Cu'rious, a. anxious to know, 
inquisitive; singular: curi- 
os^ity, n. 

Curl, n. a ringlet of hair: — v.a. 
to turn in ringlets. 

Cur'lew, «. a water-fowl. 

Curl'y, a. having curls. 

Curmud'geon (muj'un), n. 
a miser, churl. 

Cur'rant, n. a small fruit. 

Cur'rency, n. circulation; 

Cur'rent,a. generally received, 
common, now passing:— ». 
a stream. 

Cur'ride, ». a two-wheeled 
chaise for two horses. 

Curric'ulum, n. a course. 

CiU"'rier, n. leather-dresser. 

Ctir'ry, v.a. to dress as leather; 
rub as a horse. 

Ctir'ry, n. a highly spiced 
East Indian sauce or stew. 

CtU'se, V. to wish evil to, utter 
imprecations: — n. a male- 
diction; torment: curs'ed, a. 

Ctir'sive, a. running, flowing. 

Cur'sory, a. hasty, slight. 

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Curt* a. short, concise. 
Curtail', v.a. to shorten. 
Cur'tain (-tin), n. a hanging 

doth for a window, &c.: 

cur'tain, v.a. 
Cur'vature, «. a curving. 
Curve, a. crooked, bent: — v.a. 

to bend: — n. a bend, arch. 
Curvef , v.n. to leap as a 

Curvilin'eal, curvilin'ear, a. 

having curved lines. 
Cush'ion (kddsh'un), n. pad 

for a seat: — vm. to cover 

with a cushion. 
Cusp, n. horn of the moon; a 

Cus'pidate, a. sharp-pointed. 
Cus'tard, n. food made of 

eggs, milk, sugar, &c. 
Custo'dian, n. keeper. 
Cus'tody, n. care, keeping. 
Cus'tom, n. habitual prac 

tice; patronage; tax, duty. 
Cus'tomary, a. usual. 
Cus'tomer, n. a buyer. 
Cus'tom-house, n. house 

where duties on goods are 

Cut, v.a. to sever by an edged 

tool; cut, w. 
Cuta'neous, a. of the skin. 
Cu'ticle, n. the outer skin. 
Cuflass, n. a broad, crooked 


Cufler, n. one who makes 
knives, &c.: -J,n. 

Cuf let, n. a slice of meat. 

Cufpurse, n. a pickpocket. 

Cufter, n. a fast-saiUng boat. 

Cutthroat, n. a murderer. 

Cuftle-fish, n. a moUusk. 

Cy'cle, n. circle, space of time. 

Cy'cloid, n. a kind of geo- 
metrical curve: cycloid'al,a. 

Cy'clone, n. a whirlwind. 

Cyclopse'dia, n. a dictionary 
of general knovdedge. 

Cyclope'an, cyclop'ic, a. 
giant-like, vast. 

Cy'clops, n. a fabled one-eyed 

Cyg'net, n. a young swan. 

Cylinder, n. a long, round 
body: cylin'drical, a. 

C3an'bal, n. a musical instru- 

Cjm'ic, n. a sneering, con- 
temptuous person: -al, a.: 
-ism, n. 

Cir'nostu'e, n. the constella- 
tion containing the north 
star; point of attraction. 

Cy'press, n. an evergreen tree. 

Cyst (dst), n. a sac contain- 
ing morbid matter. 

Czar (zar), n. Emperor of 

Czari'na (za-re'na), n. Em- 
press of Russia. 

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Dab, v.a. to strike gently and 

quickly: dab, n. 
DablDle, v.n. to play or splash 

in water. 
Dace, H. a small river fish. 
Dac'tyl, n. poetical foot of one 

long syllable and two short. 
Dad, dadMy, n. father. 
Daffodil, H. plant and flower. 
Dac'ger, n. a poniard; mark 

Daguerre'otsrpe (-gCr'o-tip). 

n. a picture taken by the 

sun's light on a metal plate. 
Dahlia (d&ll-a), n. a plant 

and its flower. 
Daily, a. & ad. every da^. 
Dain'ly, a. delicious; delicate, 

nice, fastidious: dain'ty, n. 
Dai'ry, n. place where milk is 

made into butter or cheese. 
Dai'sy, n. plant and its flower, 
Dale, n. a vale. 
Dally. v.n. to delay or trifle; 

fondle: dalliance, n. 
Dam, n. a bank to confine 

water; mother of beasts :- 

v.a. to confine by a dam. 
Dam'age, n. loss, injury:- 

v.a. to injure, harm. 
Dam'ask, n. a figured fabric. 
Dame, n. mistress of a house. 
Damn (dam), v. to condemn. 
Dam'nable, a. most wicked. 
Damna'tion, n. sentence to 

eternal punishment. 
Dam'natory, a. that con- 
Damp, a. moist: — n. mist, 

vapor: — v.a. to wet slightly; 


Damp'er, n. one that damps; 

valve in a stove-pipe^ &c. 
Dam'sel (-zd), m. a gu-1. 
Dam'son (-zn), n. small i^um. 
Dance, v.n. to move with 

measured steps, as with 

music: dance, n. 
Dandeli'on (-de-li'on), n. a 

plant and its flower. 
Dan'dle, vui. to fondle, toss. 
Dan'druff, n. scuri. 
Dan'dy, n. a dressed-up fop. 
Dan'ger (dan'-), ti. peril, risk. 
Dan'gle, vm. to hang loose. 
Dap'per, a. active; neat. 
Dap'ple, a. of various colors: 

— V. to variegate with spots. 
Dare, v. to venture; challenge. 
Dark, a. void of light, black, 

gloomy: dark'en (-kn), v. 
Darling, n. one deariy loved. 
Dam, v.a. to mend by sewing. 
Dar'nel, n. a field weed. 
Dart, n. a ix>inted weapon for 

throwing: — v. to let fly or to 

fly as a dart, hurl, shoot. 
Daw, V. to strike or throw 

violentljr, rush: — «. a vio- 
lent striking, a blow; the 

mark — . 
Das'tard, n. a coward: -ly, a. 
Da'ta, n. pi. facts given. 
Date J n. time of any event; 

fruit of a palm-tree: — v. to 

afl&x the date to; begin. 
Da'tive, n. 3d case of Greek 

and Latin nouns. 
Daub, VM, to smear, paint 

coarsely: daub, n. 
Dau^'ter (daV-), n. a female 

child: -in-law, n. son's wife. 

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Daunt, v.a. to intiinidate, 
frighten: -less, a. fearless. 

Da'vits, n. pi. two cranes to 
8u^)end a boat over a ves- 
sel's ^de. 

Daw'dle, v.n. to waste time. 

Dawn, v.n. to begin to show 
daylight: — n. break of day; 

Day, n. time from sunrise to 
sunset; 24 hours, as from 
midnight to midnight. 

Day'-book, n. a tradesman's 

Daze, v.a. to stupefy. 

Daz'zle, vui. to overpower 
with light. 

Dea'con (de'kn), n, a church 
officer: -ship, n. 

Dead (ded), a. deprived of life; 
lifeless, inanimate, dull, still 
vapid: dead'en (-dn), v. a. 

Dead'ly, a. causing death. 

Deaf (def), a. wanting the 
sense of hearing: deafen, v. 

Deaf-mute (def-), «. one who 
is both deaf and dumb. 

Deal, n. part, quantity; act of 
dealing cards; a sawed tim- 
ber: V. to distribute; traffic. 

Dean, n. a church dignitary 
next below a bishop: -ery, ». 

Dear, a. beloved, costly. 

Dearth (dgrth), n. scarcity. 

Death, n. extinction of life. 

Debar', V.a. to exclude. 

Debark', v. a. to land. 

Debase', v. a. to degrade, lower. 

Debate', n. a discussion, con- 
test in words: — v. a. to dis- 
pute, discuss: deba'table, a. 

Debauch', v. a. to corrupt: — 
n. a drunken revel: -ery, n. 
intemperance, lewdness. 

Debauchee' (-o-she'), n. a 
drunkard or a libertine. 

Debenf ure, «. a certificate of 
debt or money due. 

Debil'itate, v. a. to wei^en. 

Debil'ity, n. weakness. 

Deb'it, n. an entry on the 
debtee side: — v.a. to charge 
with debt. 

Debonair', a. agreeaUe, com- 
plaisant, pleasant. 

Debouch' (-b66sh'), v.n. to 
issue, emerge. 

Debris' (da-br6'), n. fragments 
of rocks, &c.: rubbish. 

Debt (det). n. what one owes. 

Debfor (det'or), n. one who 

Debuf (da-bu'), n. first ap- 

Dec'ade, n. the number of ten. 

Deca'dence, n. decay. 

Dec'agon, n. plane figure of 
ten angles and sides. 

Decahe'aron, n. a solid figure 
having ten sides. 

Dec'alogue (-log), n. the ten 

Decamp', v.n. to move off. 

Decani?, v. a. to pour off. 

Decan'ter, ». bottle for liquor. 

Decap'itate, v. a. to behead: 
decapita'tion, n. 

Decay', v.n. to decline, rot: — 
n. a wasting away. 

Decease', v. to die: — n. death. 

Deceif (-set'), «. guile, cheat, 
fraud: -ful, a. 

Deceive' (-sev'), v.a. to mis- 
lead, delude: deceiv'er, «. 

Decem'ber, n. the 12th month. 

Decen'nial, a. coming every 
ten years; consisting of ten 

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Dt'cenfy a. beconoing, seemly, 
proper: d0'coiicy» n. 

Decep'tion, f>. act of deceiv- 
ing: a cheat: decep'tive, a. 

Decioe', v. to determine. 

Decid'uotts, a. falling ofiF 
every seascm, as leaves. 

Dec'imal (des'-), a. numbered 
by tens: — n. fraction having 
some power of ten for de- 

Dec'imate, vui. to take or kill 
the tenth part of: -action, n. 

Deci'pdier, vxi. to explain, 

Deci'sion (-sizh'un), n. deter- 
mination, firmness. 

Deci'sive, a. positive, final. 

Deck, v.a. to dress gayly: — n. 
the floor of a ship; pack or 
set of cards. 

Declaim^ v.n. to speak ora- 
torically: declama'tion, n.: 
dedam^atory, a. 

Declare', v. to proclaim, as- 
sert: declara'non, ».: ajs. 
declar'atiye, declar'atary. 

Deden'sion , n. a declining, 
decay; inflection of nouns. 

Decline', v. to bend down, fail, 
decav; avoid, refuse; inflect 
wonte: — n. falling off, decay. 

Decliv'ity, n. a gradual de- 
scent: decliv'itoas, a. 

Decocf, v. to boil, digest: de- 
coc'tioa, n.: decoc'tive, a. 

Decol'or, decororize, v.a. to 
deprive of color: decolor- 
ant, ».: decolora'tiott, n. 

Decompose', v.a. to resolve 
into elements: -poti'tion, n.\ 

Dec'orate, v.a. to adorn, em- 
bdlish, ornament: decora'- 1 
tion, «.: dec'orathre, a. 

Decf/rous (or dec'o-nis) , a . be- 
coming, proper, suitable. 

Decor'ticate, v.a. to peel. 

Decc'rum, n. propriety. 

Decoy', v.a. to lure: decoy', n. 

Decrease', v. to make or grow 
less: decrease', n. 

Decree', v.a. te ordain, deter- 
mine: — ». edict, order. 

Dec'remeat, n. decrease. 

Decrep'it. a. worn with age, 
weak: Mcrep'itude, n. 

Decrep'itate, v. to crackle, 
roast with crackling: de- 
crepita'tion, n. 

Decry', t;.a. to cry down, dis- 
parage: decrfal, n. 

Deciun'bent. a. lying down. 

Dec'ttple <-i4), tt, tenfold. 

Decus'sate, v.n. to intersect, 
cross: decussa'tion, n. 

Ded'icate, v.a. to consecrate, 
devote, inscribe to any one: 
-a'tion, ».: ded'icatory, a. 

Deduce', v.a. to draw from, 
infer: dedo'cible, a. 

Dedttcf , VM. to take from, 
subtract; deduc'tion, n. sub- 
traction; inference: -ive, a. 

Deed, H. action, exploit; a 
sealed writing transferring 
real estate. 

Deem, v.a. to judge, suppose. 

Deep, a. extending far below 
the surface, profound, low, 
grave: — ». sea: deep'en, v. 

Deer, n. an animal. 

Deface', v.a. to disfigure, mar. 

Defal'cate, v. to cut off; ap- 
propriate money held m 
trust: defaka'tion, n. 

Defame', v.a, to slander: de- 
fama'tkm, n.: defam'a- 
tory, a. 

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Default, n. fault, faflure, 
neglect: — v.n. to faU to meet 
obligations; fail to appear in 
court, or to pay interest due, 
fulfil a pecuniary trust, &c.: 
defaulrer, n. 

Defea'sance (-fe'zance), n. a 
vniting or act which defeats 

Defeas'ible (-fez'-)t a* that 
may be annulled. 

Defeaf , v.a. to undo, over- 
come, frustrate: — n. over- 
throw, frustration. 

Defecate, v.a. to purge, puri- 
fy: defeca'tion, n. 

Defecf , n. fault, want, blem- 
ish, imperfection: -ive, a. 

Defecation, n. a falling away. 

Defence', n. that which de- 
fends, protection: -less, a. 

Defend', v.a. to protect, ward 
off, guard: -ant, ».: -cr, n. 

Defen'sible, a. that may be 
. Defen'sive, a. serving to de- 
fend: — n. state of defence. 

Defer', v. to put off; delay, 
submit, yield. 

Deference, n. a vielding, re- 
spect: deferen'tial (-shal), a. 

Den'ance, n. act of defying. 

Defi'ant, a. def3dng, daring. 

Defi'cient (-fish'ent), a. hav- 
ing defect, wanting. 

Deficit, n. deficiency. 

Defile', v.a. to pollute: — v.n. 
to march off file by file: — n. 
a narrow pass. 

Define', v. a. to fix the limits of 
or the meaning of. describe 

Definite, a. lunited, exact. 

Defini'tion (-nish'-un), n. ver- 
bal description. 

Defin'itive, a. limiting; final: 
— n. that which defines: -ly, 
ad. positively. 

Deflagrate, v. to bum rap- 
idly: deflasra'tion, n. 

Defiecf , V. to tuiti aside, de- 
viate: deflec'tion, n. 

Deflour', v.a. to deprive of 
beauty or of virginity: de- 
flora'tion, n. 

Defolia'tion, n. fall of leaves. 

Deform', vm. to distort, dis- 

Derorm'ity, n. want of 
proper form, ugliness. 

Defraud', v.a. to cheat. 

Defray', vm. to pay. 

Defuncff a. dead: — n. one 
who is dead. 

Defjr', v.a. to challenge, dare. 

Degen'erate, v.n. to become 
worse, deteriorate: degen'- 
erac^, ».: degen'erate, a. 

Degluti'tion (deg-lu-tish'un), 
n. act of swallowing. 

Degrade', v.a. to lower, dis- 
grace: degrada'tion, n. 

Degree', n. step, rank, extent, 
tide: 360th part of a circle. 

Dehis'cent, a. opening as a 
fruit: dehis'cence, n. 

De'ify, v. a. to make a god of: 
deifica'tion, n. 

Deign (dan), v. to condescend. 

De'ism, n. creed of a debt. 

De'ist, n. one who believes in 
God but disbelieves revealed 
religion: ajs. deis'tic, -al. 

De'it^, H. the Divine Being; 

Dejecf, v.a. to cast down, 
dispirii^: ''^jec'tion, «. 

D*^ ., , V. to defer, put off, 
linger: delay', n. 

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Delec'table, a. delightful: 
delecta'tion, n. delight. 

Delegate, v.a. to depute, in- 
trust: — n. a deputy. 

Delega'tion, n. act of delega- 
ting; -persons deputed. 

Delete'rious» a. very hurtful 

DeliVerate, v. to weigh in the 
mind, consider, reflect: de- 
liberate, a.: delibera'tion, 
n.i delib'eratiye, a. 

Dericate, a. nice, dainty, fine, 
slight, refined: del'icacy, n. 

Delixious (-lish'us), a. high- 
ly pleasing to the taste. 

Delighf (-lit'), n. great pleas- 
ure: — V. to give or to have 
delight: -ful, a. very pleas- 
ing: -some» a. 

Delin'eate, v. a. to sketch, por- 
tray: delinea'tion, ».: de- 
Un'eator, n. 

Delin'quent, a. failing in 
duty: — n. one who fjuls in 
duty: delin'quency, n. 

Deliquesce' (cfel-i-kwesO, v.n. 
to melt in air: deliques'- 
cence, n.: deliques'cent, a. 

Delir'ium, n. a wandering 
in mind: delir'ious, a. 

Deliv'er, v.a. to set free, re- 
lease from evil; give over; 
utter: -ance, «.: -y, n. 

Dell, n. a little dale. 

Derta, n. a tract of land 
shaped like the Greek letter 
Delta. A. 

Delude', v.a. to deceive. 

Deruge, n. a great flood: — 
v.a. to inundate. 

Delu'sion, n. a deluding: that 
which deludes: ajs. oelu'- 
sive, delu'sory. 

Delve, v.a. to dig. 

Dem'agogue (-gog), n. a lead- 
er of the rabble. 

Demain' (-man'), demesne' 
(-men'), n. land attached to 
a mansion. 

Demand', v.a. to ask author- 
itatively, claim: — n. a claim; 
question: -ant, n. plaintiff. 

Demarca'tion, n. boundary. 

Demean', v.a. to behave. 

Demenf ed, a. insane. 

Demer'it, n. ill desert, fault. 

Dem'i^od, n. a half god. 

Dem'ijohn (-ion), n. a large 
bottle in wicker-work. 

Demise' (-miz'), n. death, 
decease: — v.a. to bequeath 
or convey. 

Democ'racy, n. government 
by the people. 

Dem'ocrat, n. an advocate of 
democracy: -craf ic, a. 

Demol'ish, v.a. to destroy by 
throwing down: demoli'- 
tion, n. 

De'mon, n. an evil spirit, a 
devil: ajs. demo'niac, de- 

Demonol'Dgy, n. the study of 

Demon'strate, v.a. to show, 
prove: demon'strable, a.: 
demonstra'tion, ».: de- 
mon'strative, a. 

Demor'aiize, v.a. to corrupt 
the morals or discipline of: 
demoraliza'tion, n. 

Demul'cent, a. softening. 

Demur', v.h. to hesitate, ob- 
ject: demtir', n. 

Demure', a. sober, staid, af- 
fectedly modest. 

Demtir'rage, n. compensation 
for delay of a vessel or car. 

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Demur'rer, n. one who de- 
murs; objection nused in a! 

Den, ft. a cave of a wild beast. 

Den'ary, a. relating to ten. 

Dendrorogy, n. science of 

Deni'al, n. negation, refusal. 

Den'izen, n. inhabitant. 

Denom'inate, v.a. to name, 
style: denom'inatiTe, a. 

Denomina'tion, n. name, sect. 

Denom'iiiator, n. the lower 
number in fractions. 

Denote', v. a. tonuirk, signify. 

Denounce'tV.a. to accuse pub- 
licly: -ment, n. 

Dense, a. close, compact, 
thick: den'sity, n. 

Dent, n. mark of a blow, dint: 
— v.a. to mark with a dent. 

Den'tal, a. bdongmg to teeth. 

Den'tate, den'tated, toothed. 

Dentic'ulated, a. notched: 
denticula'tion, n. 

Den'tifrice, n. a substance for 
cleaning the teeth. 

Den'tist, «. a surgeon for the 
teeth: -ry, n. 

Denti'tion (-tish'un). n. the 
cutting or growing of teeth. 

Denude", v.a. to make nude. 

Denun'ciate (-sM-at). v. to de- 
nounce, threaten: dlenonci- 
a'tion,n.: denun'ciator7,a. 

Deny', v.a. to contradict, gain- 
say, refuse. 

Deo'dorize, v.a. to rid of odor. 

Deparf , go away; die: 
-ure, n. 

Department, n. a division. 

Depend', v.n. to hang from, 
rely: ns. -ant, -ent: ns. 
-ence, -ency: -ent, a. 

Depicf , VM. to paint, portray. 

Depil'atory, a. taking hair off. 

Deplete', vm. to empty out, 
drain: deple'tion, n. 

Deplwe', VM. to lament, be- 
wail: deplo'rable, a. 

Deploy, V. to open out or 
extend, as troops in line. 

Depo'nent, n. one who gives 
evidence in a court of justice. 

Depop'tilate, vm. to deprive 
of people, lay waste: depop- 
ula'tion, n.: -ator, n. 

Deporf , v.a. to conduct, be- 
have: -ment, n. 

Deporta'tion, n. a carrying 

Depose', v. to dethrone; to 
bear witness. 

Depos'it, v.a. to lay up, place: 
— n. what is laid up: -or, n. 

Depos'itary,n. one with whom 
anything is left in trust. 

Deposi'tion, n. act of depos- 
ing; testimony on oath. 

Depos'itory, n. a place of 

Depot (de'p6 or de-p6'), n. 
storehouse; railway station. 

Deprave', v.a. to make bad, 
corrupt: ns. deprava'tion, 

Dep'recate, v. to pray against: 
aepreca'tion, «.: oep'reca- 
tory, a. 

Depre'ciate (-sh!-at), v. to 
lower or fall in value; dis- 
parage: deprecia'tion, n. 

Dep'redate, v.a. to plunder, 
prey upon: depreda'tion, 
n.: dep'redator, n. 

D^^ess', v.a. to press down, 
lower, humble, dispuit: de- 
pres'sion, ».: depre8'sive,a. 

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Depriye', v.a. to take from, 
dispossess: depviva'tion* n. 

Depth, n. deepness. 

D(^iute% v.a. to appQiat as a 
substitute or agent: dopviaf- 
tion, n. 

Dep'uty, n. one aiqxrinted to 
act for another, a dd^^te. 

Detange'y vui. to disorder: de- 
ranged', a. insane: -ment, n. 

Der'elict, a. abandoned: doK' 
elict, n.: derelic'tion, n. 

Deride', v.a. to laugh at, scoff 
at: deri'sion (-rizh'un), «.: 
deri'sive, a.: deri'sory, a. 

Derive', v.a. to deduce^ re- 
ceive from a source: denva'- 
tion, «.: deriv'ative, a.&n. 

Der'ma, n. skin: der'mal, a. 

Der'ogate, v. to lessen by tak- 
ing away, detract: deroga'- 
lion, ».: derog'atory, a. 

Der'rick, n. an apparatus for 
hoisting heavy weights. 

Der'vislV »• & Mohammedan 

Descanf , v.n. to sing; dis- 
course: des'cant, «. 

Descend', v. to c(»ne or go 
down; be derived: -ent, 
descen'sion, n. 

Descend'ant, n. ofibprmg. 

Descenf , n. pro|;ress or slope 
downward, derivation, birth. 

Describe', v.a. to delineate, 
portray in words: descrip'- 
tion, «.: descrip'tive, a. 

Descry', v.a. to espy, discover 

Des'ecrate, v.a. to profane 

Des'ert, a. waste, solitary:— 
n. desolate or barren [dace. 

Deserf , n. reward, merit: — v 
to forsake, runaway: -er, ».: 
deser'tion, n. 

Deserve', v. to be worthy of, 
merit: deserved' (de-zfirvd'), 
a.: deserv'ing, a. 

Deshabille' (des-a-bH'), w. un- 
dress, cardess toilet. 

Desic'cate, v. to dry: desic- 
ca'tion, ft.: desic'cative, a. 

Desid'erate, v.a. to desire, 
want: desid'eratxve, a. 

Desidera'tum. n. something 
desired: pi. desidera'ta. 

Dengn' (-zin'), v. &. n. sketch, 
plan, purpose. 

Des'ignate, v.a. to point out, 
name: designa'tion, n. 

Desire', v.a. to wish, long for: 
— n. a wish, longing: desir'- 
able, a.: desir'ous, a. 

Desisf ,. v.n. to stop, forbear. 

Desk, n. kind of table or stand. 

Des'olate, v.a. to make soli- 
tary, lay waste: des'olate, 
a.: aes(»a'tion, n. 

De^mir', v.n. to be without 
hope: — n. loss of hope. 

Despatch', vm. to send away 
hastily; to kill: — n. a send- 
ing in haste: a message. 

Despera'do, n. a desperate 
fellow: pi. despera'does. 

Des'perate, a. hopeless and 
reckless: despera'tion, n. 

Despise', v.a. to scorn, con- 
temn: des'picable, a. 

Despite', n. great spite, mal- 
ice: -fill, a. 

Deq>oil', v.a. to rob, strip: 
despolia'tion, n. 

Despond', v.n. to lose hope, 
desi>air: -ency, «.: -ent, a. 

Des'pot, n. absolute ruler; 
tyrant: -ism, ».: despof ic,a. 

Despu'mate, v.n. to throw off 
scum: despuma'tion, n. 

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Desquama'tion, n. scaling off. 

Besserf , n. fruits, sweets, &c., 
served at the end of a meal. 

Destina'tion, n. end, design; 
place to which one is going. 

Des'tine, v. to doom, appoint. 

Des'tiny, n. fate, doom. 

Des'titute, a. in want, needy, 
poor: destitu'tion, n. 

Destroy', v.a. to pull down, 
bring to naught, ruin: de- 
struc'tible, a.: destruc'- 
tion, n.: destruc'tive, a. 

Des'uetude (des'we-), n. dis 

Des'ultory, a. loose, rambling. 

Detach% v. to separate, send 
off: -ment, n. 

Detail', n. minute account; 
circumstance, particular. 

Detail', v.a. to relate partic- 
ularly; detach. 

Detain', v. to keep back, stop. 

Detecf , VM. to find out: de- 
tec'tion, ».: detec'tive, n. 

Deten'tion, n. a detaining. 

Deter', v.a. to hinder. 

Deter'p:ent, a. cleansing. 

Dete'norate, v. to grow or 
make worse: -a'tion, n. 

Deter'mine, v. to limit; re- 
solve on; end: deter'min- 
able, a.: deter'minate, a.: 
detennina'tion, n. 

Deter'sion, n. a cleansing. 

Deter'sive, a. cleansing. 

Detesf , v.a. to hate intensely: 
-able, a.: detesta'tion, n. 

Dethrone', v.a. to depose 
from the throne: -ment, n. 

Det'onate, v. to explode with 
a loud noise: detona'tion,n. 

Detour' (da-toor'), n. a cir- 
cuitous way. 

Detracf, v.n, to take away, 

defame: -or, n.: detrac'- 

tiolQ, n. 
Def riment, n. injury, dam- 
age: detrimen'tal, a. 
Detri'tion, n. a wearing away. 
Detrude', vui. to thrust down: 

detru'sion, n. 
Detrun'cate, v.a. to lop off. 
Deuce (dus), n. the two-spot 

of cards or dice; the devil. 
Dev'astate, vui. to lay waste, 

ravage: devasta'tion, n. 
Devel'op, v. to unfold, grow 

gradually: -ment, n. 
De'viate, v.n. to wander, go 

astray: devia'tion, n. 
Device', n. a contrivance. 
Dev'il, n. Satan, an evil spirit: 

-ish, a.: ns. -ry, -try. 
De'vious, a. out of the wajj. 
Devise' (-viz'), v. to contrive; 

bequeath: — n. gift by a will; 

a will. 
Devisee' (-zeO , «• one to whom 

a thing is bequeathed. 
Devi'sor, n, one who gives by 

Devoid', a. void, empty. 
Devoir' (dev-wawr'), n. duty. 
Devolve', v. to roll down; de- 
liver over; fall. 
Devote', v.a. to dedicate, give 

up wholly: devofed, a. 

strongly attached. 
Devotees n. a votary, fanatic. 
Devo'tion, n. piety, worship; 

strong affection: -al, a. 
Devour', v. to eat up greedily. 
Devouf , a. pious, earnest. 
Dew, n. moisture deposited at 

night: — v.a. to wet with dew. 
Dew^p, n. the loose flesh 

under an ox's throat. 

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Dex'ter, a. right, not left. 

Dez'terous, a. expert, adroit: 
dexter'ity, «. 

Dex'tral, a. right, not left. 

Diabe'tes (-tgz), n. a disease 
characterized by an exces- 
sive flow of urine. 

Diaborical, a. devilish. 

Diacrific, diacritical, a. 
distinguishing as by a mark 

Di'adem, ». a royal crown. 

Diaer'esis (-&'-), «. the marks 
", showing that two vowels 
must be pronounced sep- 

Diagno'sis, n. the distinguish- 
ing of a disease by its 
symptoms: diagnos'tic, a. 

Diag'onal, ». a straight line 
joining two angles not ad 

Di'agram, n. a figure or plan 

Di'al, n. a plate on which a 
hand or a shadow shows the 
hour, &c. 

Di'alect, «. local peculiarity 
of speech. 

Dialecti'cian, n. logician. 

Dialec'tics, ». logic. 

Di'alogue (-log), «. conver- 
sation between two or more, 

Diam'eter, n. a straight line 
passing through the centre 
of a orcle: diamef rical, a. 

Di'amond, n. the most pre- 
cious gem; a rhombus; 
smallest type. 

Diapa'son, n. the octave or 
interval which includes all 
the notes. 

Di'aper, n. a figured linen. 

Diaph'anous, a. transparent. 

Diaphoref ic, a. sudorific. 

Di'aphragm (-fram), n. the 
muscle which separates the 
chest from the abdomen. 

Diarrhoe'a (-r6'a), n. looseness 
of the bowels. 

Di'ary, ». a journal. 

Diaton'ic, a. proceeding by 

Di'atribe (-trib), «. invective. 

Dib'ble, «. a pointed tool for 
pricking holes to put seed in. 

Dice,' of Die. 

Dicotyle'don, «. a plant hav- 
ing two seed-lobes: -ous, a. 

Dic'tate, v.a. to tell what to 
write; order: — n. precept; 
order: dicta'tion, n. 

Dicta'tor, ». one having ab- 
solute authority: dictato'- 
rial, a. 

Dic'tion, n. expression. 

Dic'tionary, n. a book in 
which words are explained. 

Dic'tum, n. an authoritative 
saying: pi. dic'ta. 

Didac'tic, a. fitted to teach. 

Die, v.n. to lose life. 

Die, n. a small cube with 
spots: pi. dice. 

Die, n. a stamp: pi. dies. 

Di'et, «. food; assembly: — 
V. to supply with food, eat: 
-ary, a. 

Dietetic, a. of or for diet: 
dietetics, «. rules for diet. 

Differ, v.n. to be unlike, vary, 
disagree: -ence, n.: -ent, 
a.: mfiferen'tial, a. making 
a difference, as in rates or 
charges; discriminating. 

Difficult, a. not easy, hard 
to be done: difficulty, n. 

Diffident, a. distrustful, mod- 
est: diffidence, ». 

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Diffuse' (-fuz'), v.a. to wmr 
out, spread widely: diffu'- 
sion, ».: difEu'sive, a. 

Diffuse' (-fusO, a. widely 
spread, copious> wordsj. 

Dig, V. to turn up with a 
si»de, &c. 

Di'gest, n. a body of laws. 

Digest', v.a. to dissolve in the 
stomach; think over: -iUe, 
a.: -ive, a.: diges'tioii, n. 

Dig'it (dij'-), n. one of the ten 
figures, o. I, a, &c.; one- 
twelfth ot the diameter of 
the sun or moon. 

Dig'ital, a. pertaining to fin- 

Dig'nify, v.a. to invest with 
honor, exalt: dig'nified, a. 

Dis^nitary, n. a person of 
high rank. 

Dig'nity, n. elevated conduct, 
grandeur of mien; high rank. 

Di'graph, n. two letters joined 
having but one sound. 

Digress , v.n. to turn aside 
from the main point: -ive, 
a.: digres'sion, n. 

Dike, n. a ditch, a bank. 

Dilap'idate, v. to lay or fall 
in ruins, decay: -a'tion, n. 

Dilate', v. to enlarge, spread 
out: ns. dilata'tion, dila'- 

Dil'atory, a. tardy, late. 

Dilem'ma, ». a difficult alter- 

Dilettan'te (-tan'ta), n. one 
who delights in the fine arts 
pi. dilettan'ti (tan'te). 

Du'igent, a. industrious, assid 
uous: dil'igence, n. 

Dilute', v.a. to make thin or 
weaker: dilu'tion, n. 

Dilu'yial, diln'vian, is. re- 
lating to a flood or deluge. 
Dim, a. not seeing or seen 

clearly; o)»cure: dim, v.a. 
Dime, n. a silver coin of the 

U. S., a lo-cent piece. 
Dimen'sion, n. size, bulk. 
Dimin'tsh, v, to make or grow 

Dimintt'tion, n. decrease. 
Dimin'utive, a. small, little. 
Dim'ity, n. a ribbed cotton 

Dim'ple, n. a small hollow in 

the cheek, &c.: dim'pled, a. 
Din, n. loud continued noise. 
Dine, v. to eat or give a dinner. 
Din'gle, n. hollow, valley. 
Din'gy, a. dark l»-own, soiled. 
Din'ner, n. midday meal. 
Dint, ». a dent; force. 
Di'ocese (-s6s), n. a bishop's 

territory: dioc'esan (os'e- 

ar -o-se'-), a. 
Diop'trics, «. the science of 

refracted light. 
Diora'ma (-ra'ma), n. a kind 

of pictorial exhibition: di- 

orasi'ic, a. 
Dip, V. to immerse, plunge; 

ladle; incline downward: 

dip, f». 

Diimthe'ria, n. a throat dis- 

Diph'tiiong (dip'- or dif'-). n. 
a union of two vowels in one 
syllable: -al, a. 

Diplo'ma, n. a writing con- 
ferring a privilege or honor. 

Diplo'macy, n. art of negoti- 
ation between states, politi- 
cal skill: diplomat'ic, a.: 
ns. dip'lomat,diplo'mati8t. 

Dip'per, ». one that dips; ladle 

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Dip'teral, dip'terous, a. hav- 
ing two wings. 

Dire, ^. dreadful, calamitous. 

Direcf , a. straight, right, ex 
press; — v.a. to aim, regu- 
late; to show, order: direc'- 
tion, H. 

Direc'tor, n. a managing of- 

Direc'tory, n. a book with 
names and residences of in- 

Dire'ful, a. dreadful, dismal 

Dirge, ». a funeral hymn. 

Dirigible, a. that may be di 
rected or steered, as a bal 

Dirk, n. a kind of dagger. 

Dirt, n. dust, earth; any filthy 

Dir'ty, a. foul, filthy, mean: 
VM. to foul, soil. 

Disanble, v.a. to deprive of 
ability: disability, n. 

Disabuse', v. a. to undeceive. 

Disadvan'tage, n. loss, in- 
jury: disadvanta'geous, a. 

Disaffecf , v.a. to fill with dis- 

Dtsaffec'tion, n. ill-will. 

Disa^ee', v.n. to differ, be at 
variance: -ment, n. 

Disagi;pe'able, a. unpleasant. 

Disallow', v.a. to refuse to 
allow, reject: -ance, n. 

Disannul', v. a. to annul. 

Disappear', v.n. to go out of 

Disappoinf , v.a. to fail to 
satisfy, frustrate: -ment, n. 

Disapprove', v.a. to dislike, 
censure: disapproba'tion.n.l 

Disarm', v.a. to deprive of, 
arms. 1 

Disarrange', v.a., to disorder. 

Disarray', v.a. to undress: — 
n. disorder, undress. 

Disas'ter, n. misfortune, ad- 
verse event: disas'trous, a. 

Disavow', v.a. to disclaim. 

Disband', v. to break up as a 
band, disperse. 

Disbelief, n. want of belief. 

Disbelieve', v.a. to discredit. 

Disbur'den, v.a. to unload. 

Disburse', v.a. to spend, lay 
out: -ment, n. 

Disc, n. See Disk. 

Discard', v.a. to cast off, re- 

Dtscem' (diz-zgrn'), v. to per- 
ceive, see, judge: -ible, a.: 
-ment, n. 

Discharge', v.a. to unload; 
acquit; dismiss; fire: — n. 
explo^on; dismissal. 

Disci'ple (-si'pl), n. a follower. 

Dis'cipline, n. a training, or- 
der, regulation: — v. to train, 
brin^ under control, punish: 
disciplina'rian, ».: dis'ci- 
plinary, a. 

Disclaim', v. a. to disown. 

Disclose', v.a. to uncover, re- 
veal: disclos'ure, n. 

Discol'or, v.a. to chaise the 
color of: discolora'tion, n. 

Discom'fit (-kum'fit), v.a. to 
defeat, balk: -ure, n. 

Discom'fort, n. uneasiness. 

Discommode', v.a. to incom- 

Discompose', v.a. to disturb, 
disconcert: -pos'ure, n. 

Disconcerf, v. a. to confuse, 

Disconnecf , v. a. to separate, 
disjoin: disconnec'tion, n. 

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Discon'solate, a. sorrowful. 
Discontent^, n. uneasiness, 

dissatisfaction; -ed, a. 
Discontin'ue, v. to leave off. 
Dis'cord, n. want of concord, 

strife: discord'ance, ».: dis- 

cord'ant, a. 
Dis'count, n. sum deducted, 

as for payment before due; 

Discounf, v.a. to lend money 

on, after deducting interest. 
Discoun'tenance, v.a. to dis- 
courage, disapprove. 
Discour'age (-kur'-) v. to dis- 
hearten, depress: -ment, n. 
Discourse', n. conversation, a 

speech, treatise: — v. to talk. 
Discour'teous, a. uncivil. 
Dis'cous, a. disk-like. 
Discov'er, v.a. to disclose, 

find out: -able, a.: -er, ».: 

-y, n. 
Discred'it, n. want of credit, 

ill-repute: — v.a. to disgrace; 

disbelieve: -able, a. 
Discreef, a. prudent, wary. 
Dis'crepant, a. disagreeing: 

ns. dis'crepance, -ancy. 
Discrete^ a. separate, distinct. 
Discre'tion (-kresh'un), n. 

prudence, liberty to act at 

pleasure: -al, a.: -ary, a. 
Discrim'ioate, v. to distm- 

Suishj make a difference: 
iscrimina'tion, ».: dis- 
crixn'inative, a. 

Discur'sive, a. desultory, rov- 
ing: discur'sion, n. 

Discuss', v.a. to examine, de- 
bate: discus'sion, n. 

Disdain', v.a. to scorn, de- 
spise: — n. contempt, scorn: 
-ful, a. 

Disease' (dia-^, n. a dis- 
temper, illness: — v.a. to af- 
flict with disease: diseased' 
(diz-€zd'), a. 

Disembark', v. to land. 

Disembar'rass, v.a. to free 
from perplexity: -ment, n. 

Disembod'y, v.a. to divest of 
the body: disembod'ied, a. 

Disembogue' (-bog'), v. to 
pour out at the mouth as a 

Disembow'el, v.a. to take out 
the boweb of. 

Disenchanf , v.a. to free from 

Disencum'ber, v.a. to dis- 

Disengage', v.a. to release. 

Disentan'gle, v.a. to free from 
a tangle or snarl: -ment, n. 

Disentomb' (-toom'), v.a. to 
take from a tomb. 

Disesteem', n. disregard. 

Disfa'vor, «. dislike. 

Disfig'ure, v.a. to mar. 

Disfran'chise (-chTz), v.a. to 
deprive of privileges of a 

Disgorge', v. to vomit, give up. 

Disgrace', n. dishonor, cause 
of shame: — v. a. to bring 
shame upon: -ful, a. 

Disguise' (glz'), v.a. to con- 
ceal by a dress intended to 
deceive: — ». a dress to de- 
ceive; false show. 

Disgusf, ». strong dislike, 
loathing. — v.a. to excite dis- 
gust in. 

Dish, n. a vessel for food; food: 
— v.a. to put in a dish. 

Dishabille' (dis-a-bil'), n. un- 
dress, loose dress. 

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Dishear'ten, v. to discourage. 

Dishev'el, v.a. to disorder the 
. hair of. 

Dishon'est, a. not honest. 

Dishon'or (dis-on'ur), n. loss 
of honor; disgrace: — v.a. to 
disgrace; refuse payment of. 

Disincline', v.a. to make 
averse: disinclina'tion, n. 

Disinfecf , v.a. to free &om 
infection: disinfec'tion, n. 

Disinfien'uous, a. not frank, 

Disinner'it, v.a. to deprive of 
an inheritance. 

Disin'tegrate, v.a. to separate 
into particles: -a'tion, n. 

Disinter' (tgr'), v.a. to take 
out of a grave: -ment, n. 

Disin'terested, a. free from 
sdf-interest: -ness* n. 

Disjoin', v.a. to separate. 

Disjoinf , v.a. to put out of 

Disjuncf , a. disjoined, sepa- 
rate: disjunc'tion, n. 

Dishinc'tive, a. disjoining. 

Disk, n. a round i^te; face of 
the sun or moon. 

Dislike', v.a. not to like, dis- 
relish: — H. aversion. 

Dislocate, v.a. to put out of 
joint or place: -a'tion, n. 

Dislodge', v.a. to drive from a 
place, expel; -ment, n. 

Duloy'al, a. not loyal: -ty, n. 

Dis'nial, a. gloomy, dreary. 

Disman'tle, v.a. to strip. 

Dbmay', v. a. to terrify, af- 
fright: — n. loss of courage, 

Dismem'ber, v.a. to disjoin 
limb from limb; -ment, n. 

Dismiss', v.a. to send away: 
ns. dismis'sal, dismis'sion. 

Dismounf , v. to throw off a 

horse; alight. 
DisobeV (-ba'), v. a. to neglect 

or refuse to obey: dis<u>e'- 

dience, ».: disobe'dient, a. 
Disoblige', v.a. to offend. 
Disoblig'ing, a. unwilling to 

Disorder, n. want of order, 

disease: — v. a. to put out of 

order, disarrange: -ly, a. 
Disor'ganize, v.a. to destroy 

the organization of. 
Disown', v.a. to deny. 
Dispar'age, v.a. to decry, 

bring reproach on: -ment, n. 
Disparity, n. inequality. 
Disparf , v.a. to part in two. 
Dispas'sionate, a. free from 

passion, calm. 
Dispatch'. See Despatch. 
Dispel', v.a. to drive away. 
Dispen'sary, n. place where 

medicines are gratuitously 

dealt out to the poor. 
Dispensa'tion, n. distribution; 

plan; license. 
Dispen'satory, n. a book for 

niaking up medicines: — a, 

granting dispensation. 
Dbpenscr, v.a. to deal out. 

Dispense with, do without. 
Disperse', v. to scatter. 
Dispir'it, vui. to dishearten. 
Displace', v.a. to put out of 

Diaplay*, v.a. to spread out; 

show: — n. exhibition. 
Displease'; v.a. to offend. 

nuike slightly angry: dis- 

pleas'ure (-plezh'ur), n. 
Disporf , n. play: — v. to sport 
Dispose', v.a. to place, apply, 

adapt; incline: dispo'sal, n. 

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BiflpOii'tipn, u. mode of plac- 
ing; temper, incHnadon. 

Dispossess' (-poz-zesO, v. a. 
to put out of possession: 
disposses'sion, n. 

Disproof, «. refutation. 

Divropmr'tion, ». want of 
synmietry: — v.a. to join un- 
fitly: -al, a.: -ate, a. 

Disprove', v.a. to refute. 

Dispute', V. to argue, call in 
question, debate: — ». wordy 
contest: dis'ptttable, a.: 
dis'putant, n.: disputa'- 
tion, ».: disputa'tious, a. 

Disqual'ify (-kwol'-), v. a. to 
make unfit: -fica'tion, n. 

Disqui'et, «. uneasiness: — 
v.a. to make uneasy. 

Disqui'etude, n. uneasiness. 

Disquisi'tion (kwi-zish'un), 
«. an argumentative essay. 

Disregard', v.a. to slight, 
neglect: — n. neglect. 

Disrepute', n. ill repute, bad 
character: disrep'utable, a. 

Disrespecf , n. a want of re- 
spect: -ful, a. 

Disrobe', v.a. to undress. 

Disrup'tion, n. a bursting 
asunder, breach. 

Dissatisfac'tion, n. discon- 
tent: dissaf isfy, v.a. 

Dissecf , v.a. to cut in pieces 
so as to examine: -or, n.: 
dissec'tion, n. 

Disseize', v.a. to dispossess. 

Dissem'ble, v. to disguise, 
pretend, feign. 

Dissem'inate, v.a. to sow or 
scatter abroad: -a'tion, n. 

Dissen'sion, n. strife. 

Dissent', v.n. to disagree, dif- 
fer: — n. a differing. 

Diflsen'tient, a. disagreeing. 

Disserta'tioii, n. a treatise. 

Dissev'er, v.a. to part in two, 
sever: -anoe, n. 

DJB'sident, n. one who dis- 
sents: — a. dissenting. 

Dissil'ient (-yent), a. spring- 
ing asunder: diwxil'ieace, n. 

Dissim'ilar, a. unlike: — ns. 
disstmilar'lty, dissimil'i- 

Dissimuiaticm, n. hypocrisy. 

Dis'sipate, v.a. to scatter, 
squander: dis'sipated, a. 
addicted to vicious pleas- 
ures, intemperate. 

Dissipa'tion, n. dispersion; 
dissolute living. 

Disso'ciate (-sh!-at), v.a. to 
disunite: dissocia'tion, n. 

Dis'soluble, a. that may be 

Dis'solute, a. loose, de- 

Dissolu'tion, n. act of dis- 
solving; death. 

Dissolve', V. to sejmrate or 
break up; melt: di^orvent, 
a. & n. 

Dis'sonant, a. inharmonious. 

Dissuade' (-sw§,d'), v. a. to ad- 
vise against: dissua'sion, 
n.: dissua'sive, a. 

Dissyl'lable, n. a word of two 
syllables: dissyllab'ic, a. 

Dis'tafif, n. staff used in spin- 
ning flax. 

Dis'tance, n. space between; 
remoteness: — v.a. to leave 

Dis'tant, a. remote in time or 
place, far; shy, cold. 

Distaste', n. disrelish: -ful, 
a. unpleasant to the taste. 

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Distem'per, n. a disease, mal- 
ady: — v.a. to derange. 

Distend', v.a. to stretch out, 
swell: disten'sible, a.: dis- 
ten'tion, n. 

Dis'tich (-tik), n. a couplet. 

Distil', v.n. to fall in drops: — 
v.a. to extract the spirit from 
by evaporation and conden- 
sation: ns. distiller, dis- 

Distil'lery, n. place for dis- 

Distinct', a. different, sepa- 
rate, clear: -ive, a. 

Distinc'tion, ». difference; 

Distin'guish, v.a. to recog- 
nize by marks, &c., discern; 
make eminent or famous. 

Distorf , v.a. to twist out of 
shape: distor'tion, n. 

Distracf, v.a. to confuse, 
craze: distrac'tion, ». 

Distrain', v.a. to seize (goods) 
for debt: distrainf , n. 

Distress', n. affliction, pain; 
distraint of goods: — v.a. to 

Distrib'ute, v.a. to divide 
among several, allot: dis- 
tribu^on, n.: distrib'u 
tive. a, 

Dis'trict, n. a region, tract: — 
v.a. to divide into districts. 

Distrusf , n. want of trust: — 
V. to have no trust in: -ful, a. 

Disturb'} v.a. to agitate or con- 
fuse, disquiet: -ance, n. 

Disun'ion (-yQn'yim), n, a 
breaking up of union. 

Disunite', v. to separate.^ 

Disuse', ». cessation of use: — 
v.a. to cease to use. 

Ditch, n. a trench. 

Dif to, n. the same thing. 

Dif ty, n. a song. 

Diuref ic, a. that increases 
the flow of urine. 

Diur'nal, a. daily. 

Divan', n. a council or a coun- 
cil-chamber; a sofa. 

Divar'icate, v. to fork, part 
into two branches: divari- 
ca'tion, n. 

Dive, v.n. to plunge. 

Diverge', v.n. to tend apart: 
diver'sence, n.: -gent, a. 

Di'vers (di'verz), a. sundry. 

Di'verse (di'vers), a. differ- 
ent, various: diver'sity, n. 

Diver'sify, v.a. to make vari- 
ous: diversifica'tion, n. 

Diver'sion, n. a turning aside; 
amusement, sport. 

Diverf, v.a. to turn aside; 
amuse: diver'tisement, n. 

Divesf , v.a. to strip off. 

Divide', v. to part, separate. 

Div'idend, n. a number to be 
divided; share of profit di- 
vided among stockholders. 

Divi'ders, compasses. 

Divina'tion, n. a foretelling. 

Divine', a. pertaining to God, 
sacred: — n. a clergyman: — 
r. to foretell, foresee; guess. 

Divin'ity, ». the Deity; divine 
nature; theology. 

Divis'ible, a. capable of being 
divided: divisibU'ity, n. 

Divi'sion (-vizh'un), n. act of 
dividing, partition; portion. 

Divi'sor, n. a number to di- 
vide by. 

Divorce', n, dissolution by 
law of a marriage: — v.a. to 
part as husband and wife. 

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Divulge', v.a. to make public. 

Divul'sion, n. a rending. 

Diz'zy, a. giddy: diz'ziness, ». 

Do (doo), v.a. to pferfonn, ef- 
fect: — v.n. to act; be as to 

Doc'ile (dos^), a. teachable, 
ready to leam: docility, «. 

Dock, n. a place for sltips; a 
weed: — v.a. to cut short. 

Dock'aee, «. rent for use of 
a dock. 

Dock'et, n. a label; a list of 
cases in court: — v.a. to mark 
papers on the back. 

Doc'tor, n. a title in divinity, 
in physic, &c, a physician: 
-ate, n. a doctor's degree. 

Doc'trine, n. a thing taught, a 
principle: doc'trinal, a. 

Doc'umeht, n, written state- 
ment, record: -menfary, a. 

Dodec'agon, ra. a figure of 12 
sides and 12 angles. 

Dodecahe'dron, n. a solid 
with 12 equal sides. 

Dodge, V. to start aside, evade. 

Doe (do), n. female deer. 

Doe'skin, n. a thick twilled 

Doflf, v.a. to put off. 

Dog, «. an animal: — v.a. to 
follow and watch constantly. 

Dog'-days, days when 
the dog-star rises and sets 
with the sun. 

Dog'ged, a. sullen, morose. 

Dog'gerel, n. worthless verses 

Dog'ma, n. a doctrine. 

Dog'matize, v.n. to state one's 
opinions arrogantly: dog- 
mafic, a.: dog'iBatism,n.: 
dog'matist, n. 

Dog'-star, n. the star Sirius. 

Doily, n. a small napkin. 

Dole, VM. to deal out: — «. a 
sha^e; heavy grief. 

Dole'ful, a. dismal, sad. 

Doll, n. a toy-baby. 

Dollar, n. a piece of money 
worth 100 cents. 

Do'lor, n. anguish, grief: dol'- 
orous (ddl'-), a. 

Dorphin, n. a sea-fish. 

Dolt, n. a stupid fellow. 

Domain', ra. dominion, estate. 

Dome, n. an arched roof. 

Domes'tic, a. belonging to 
the house, tame: — n. a 

Domes'ticate, v.a. to tame. 

Dom'icile (-sTl), n. a house, 
an abode: dom'icile, v.a.: 
domicil'iary (-ya-rl), a.: 
domicil'iate, v.a. 

Dom'inant, a. ruling, pre- 

Domina'tion, «. sway, power. 

Domineer', v.n. to rule in- 

Domin'ical, a. relating to our 

Domin'ion (-3ain), n. sover- 
eign authority; region. 

Dom'ino, n. a hood and cloak, 
mask; a piece used in play- 
ing the game dom'inoes. 

Don, n. Spanish title. Sir, Mr. 

Don, v.a. to put on. 

Do'nate, v.a. to give: ns. do- 
na'tion, don'ative. 

Donee', n. recipient of a gift. 

Don'key, n. an ass. 

Do'nor, n. a giver. 

Doom, v.a. to judge, con- 
demn: — n. a sentence, judg- 

Dooms'day, ». judgment day. 

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Door (dor), n. entrance of a 
room or house. 

Dor'ic, a. denoting a Grecian 
order of architecture. 

Dor'mant, a. sleeping, at rest. 

Dor'mer, «. an upright win- 
dow in a sloping roof. 

Dor'mitory, n. sleeping-hall. 

Dor'mottse, n. small animal. 

Dor'sal, a. relating to the 

Dose, n. medicine to be taken 
at one time: — v.a. to give 
doses to. 

Dot, n. a point or spot: — v. to 
mark with dots. 

Do'tage, n. childishness of age. 

Do'tard, n. one whose mind 
is impaired by age. 

Dote, v.n, to be silly, be over- 

Double (dubl), a. twofold; 
insincere: n. twice as much; 
a fold: — V. to add as much 
more; fold; sail round. 

Doublet, n. pair; waistcoat. 

Doubloon', n. a Spanish gold 

Doubt (dowt), V. to waver in 
judgment, hesitate, suspect: 
— n. uncertainty, suspicion: 
-ful, a. 

Douceur' (d56-surO, n. a fee. 

Dough (do), H. raw bread- 

Dough'nut. n. a fried cake. 

Dough'ty (dow'-), a. valiant 

Douse, V. to plunfje. 

Dove (duv), «. a pigeon. 

Dove'tail, ». a joint in the 
form of a dove s tail:— 
to join in this form. 

Dow'ager, n. widow of a 
prince, duke, &c. 

Dow'dy, n. ill-dressed woman. 

Dow'el, n. pin to fasten timber. 

Dow'er, n. a wife's or widow's 
portion of property. 

Down, n. soft feathers or hair; 
sand hillock: — ad. & prep. 
from higher to lower. 

Down'fall, n. ruin. 

Down'right, a. plain, direct, 
open: — ad, plainly. 

Dow'ry, n. See Dower. 

Dozol'ogy, n. a hymn of 
praise to God. 

Doze, v.n. to sleep lightly: — n. 
light sleep. 

Doz'en (duz'n), a. & n. twelve. 

Drab, «. a slut, whore: — a. of 
a dull gray color. 

Drachm (dram), n. one eighth 
of an ounce troy. 

Draft, ». act of drawing; order 
for money; rough sketch:^ 
v.a. to draw or select. 

Drag, V. to pull or move heav- 
ily, draw, trail: — n. a net, 
hook, cart, &c., dragged. 

Drag'gle, v. to make dirty by 
dragging on the ground. 

Dragon, n. a fabled winged 

Dragoon', n. a kind of horse- 
soldier: — v.a. to compel by 

Drain, v.a. to draw off ecsA- 
uallyj exhaust: — n. a ditch: 
-age, n. a draining. 

Drake, n. male of the duck. 

Dram, n. one eighth of an oz. 
troy; one sixteenth of an oz. 
avoirdupois; drink of spirits. 

Dra'ma (dra'ma), ». a piece 
to be acted on the stage, 
play: dramaf ic, a.: dram'- 
atist, ».: dram'atize, v.a. 

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Drape, v.a. to cover with cloth. 
Dra'per, n. ope who deals in 

Dra'pery, n. cloth, hangings. 
Dras'tic, a. powerful. 
Draught (draft), ». act of 

drawing; quantity drunk at 

once: sketch; current of air; 

depth to which a ship sinks: 

pi. a game. 
Dratights'man (drafts'-)* »- 

one who draws plans, &c. 
Draw, V, to pull; delineate; 

Drawback, n. loss of advan- 
tage; duties returned, rebate. 
Drawl>ridge, ». a bridge to 

be raised or drawn aside. 
Drawee', n. one on whom a 

bill of exchange is drawn. 
Draw'er^ n. one who draws; 

a slidmg box: pi. under 

Draw'ing-room, n. a room 

for company. 
Drawl, V. to speak in a slow 

manner: drawl, ». 
Dray, n. a low strong cart. 
Dread (dred), n. great fear, 

awe: — a. terrible: — v.a. to 

fear: -ful, a. 
Dream, n. thoughts in sleep 

dream, v.: -y, a. 
Drear, a. dismial: -y, a. 
Dredge, n. a drag-net, a mud 

scraper: — v.a. to clear with 

a dredge; scatter flour on. 
Dregs, sediment, dross. 
Drench, v.a. to wet thorough- 

IVi purge: — n. a draught, 

dose of phvsic. 
Dress, v. to clothe, adorn, pre- 
pare, treat: — n. clothes. 
Dress'y, a. shovry in dress. 

Dribl>le, v.n, to drip, slaver. 

Driblet, «. a petty portion. 

Drift, n. heap of snow or sand 
driven; aim, design: — v. to 
form in heaps; float. 

Drill, v.a. to bore; train: — n. 
tool to bore with. 

Drink, v. to swallow liquid, 
imbibe: — n. liquid to drink. 

Drip, V, to fall in drops. 

Drive, v. to urge or force 
along, guide: — n. a trip in 
a carriage; carriage-road. 

Driv'el ((fiiv'l), vm. to slaver, 
dote: — n. slaver, silly non- 
sense: driv'eller, n. dotard. 

Dri'ver, «. one who drives; a 
wooden-headed golf-dub for 
making loiUE shots. 

Driz'zle, «. fine rain, mist: — 
V. to rain in fine drops: 
driz'zly, a. 

Droll, a. comical, odd: -ery, n. 

Drom'edary, n. camel which 
has one hump on the back. 

Drone, n. male of the honey- 
bee; a sluggard. 

Droop, v.n. to pine away. 

Drop, n. a globule of liquid; 
that which drops: — v. to 
pour or fall in drops, let fall. 

Drop'sy, n. morbid collection 
of water in the body: drop'- 
sical, a. 

Dross, n. scum of metals, 

Drought (drowt), drouth 
(drowth), n. dry weather. 

Drove, n. cattle driven. 

Dro'ver, n. a driver of cattle. 

Drown, v. to suffocate in wa- 
ter; overwhelm. 

Drowse, v.n. to grow heavy 
with sleep: drow'sy, a. 

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I>nib» v.a. to beat or thresh. 

Ihradge, vm. to work hard, 
slave: — n. one who works 
hard: drudgery, n. 

Drug, n. medicinal substance: 
— VM. to dose with drugs. 

Druc'gety n. a coarse woollen 

Drug'sist, n. dealer in drugs. 

Dru'id, i». a priest among the 
ancient Celts: fern, druld- 
688 : druid'ical, a.: -ism, n. 

Drum, n. a cylindrical musi- 
cal instrument; tympanum 
of ear: — v. to beat a drum. 

Drunk, a. intoxicated: -ard, n. 

Drunk'en, a. drunk: -ness, n. 

Ihrupe, n. a fleshy fruit con- 
taming a stone, as the plum. 

Dry, a. not wet; thirsty; Keen: 
dry, v.: dry'ly, ad. 

Dry'ad, n. a wood n)rmph. 

Dry'-good8, cloths, rib- 
bons, &c., as distinguished 
from groceries. 

Dry'-mirse, ». a nurse who 
feeds a babe without milk 
from the breast. 

Dry-salter (-sawlt-), n. a deal- 
er in dried meats, pickles, 
&c., or in dyes, drugs, &c. 

Du'al, a. consisting of two: 
du'alism, ».: dual'ity, ». 

Dub, V. to confer a dignity on 

Du^bious, a. doubtful. 

Du'cal, a. of a duke. 

Duc'at, n. a European coin. 

Duch'ess, n. wife of a duke. 

Duch'y, n. estate of a duke. 

Duck, ». a water-fowl; kind of 
cloth: — v.a. to dip or dive. 

Duckling, n. a young duck. 

Duct, n. a tube in bodies or 

Duc'tile, a. easy to be drawn 
out: ductil'ity, n. 

Dud'geon (duj'un). ». ill-will. 

Duds, rags; clothes. 

Due, a. owed, proper, fit: — 
ad. directly: — ». debt, right. 

Du'el, n. combat between two: 
du'elling, n.: du'ellist, n. 

Duen'na, ». an old woman. 

Duef , n. music for two. 

Dug, n. a teat or nipple. 

Duke, n. one of the highest 
order of nobility: -dom, n. 
rank or estate of a duke. 

Dul'cet, a. sweet, melodious. 

Dul'cimer, n. a musical in- 

Dull, a. stupid, slow, dim, 
cheerless, blunt: — v.a. to 
stupefy, blunt: dul'lard, n. 
a dunce. 

Dullness, n. dull state. 

Duly, ad. properly. 

Dumb (dum), a. mute. 

Dumb'-bell, n. a weight 
swung for exercise. 

Dumb'-show, n. pantomime. 

Dum'my, «. one dumb; a 
sham object; model; hand 
at cards without a player. 

Dumpling, n. a small mass 
of boiled dough. 

Dumps, a gloomy state. 

Dump'y, a. short and thick. 

Dun, a. brownish, dark: — 
v.a. to ask for a debt. 

Dunce, n. a blockhead, dolt. 

Dung, n. excrement, manure. 

Dun'geon, n. close prison. 

Du'o. ». a duet. 

Duodec'imal (-des'-), a. com- 
puted by twelves. 

Duodec'imo, n. a book 12 
leaves of which make a sheet. 

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Dupe, v.a. to trick, cheat: — n. 
one duped. 

Dtt'plicate, a. double, two- 
fold: — ». an exact copy: — 
vxi, to double: duplica'- 
Hon, fi. 

Duplic'ity, n. double-dealing. 

Dtt'rable, a. able to last or en- 
dure: durabU'ity, n. 

Du'rance, n. imprisonment. 

Dura'tion, n. continuance. 

Du'ress, n. constraint. 

Du'rinc, prep, for the time of. 

Dus^ a. darkish: — n. partial 
darkness: -ish, a.: -y, a. 

Dust, «. powdered earth: — 
v.a. to free from dust: -y, a. 

Du'teous, a. devoted to duty. 

Du'tiable, a. subject to tax. 

Du'tiful, a. obeidient. 

Du'ty, ». whatever one ought 
to do, due service; tax on 

Dwarf, n. a very small man 
or plant, &c.: — v. a. to stunt. 

Dwell, v.n, to abide, stay. 

Dwin'dle, v.n. to grow less. 

Dye. v.a. to color: — n. color, 
coloring matter: dye'ing, ». 

Dy'er, «. one who dyes. 

Dynamics, n. science of 
forces producing motion. 

IVnamite, n. a powerful ex- 
plosive: — v.a, to blow up 
with dynamite. 

Dy'namo, ». machine for 
chan^g mechanical into 
electrical energy. 

Dy'nasty, n. succession of 
kings of the same family. 

Dys'entery, ». a disease of 
the bowels. 

Dyspep'sia, n. indigestion: 
dyspep'tic, a. & n. 

Dys'ury, n. difficulty in void- 
ing urine. 


Each (5ch), a. & pron. every 

one separately considered. 
Ea'ger, a. keenly desirous. 
Ea'gle (e'gl), «. a bird of prey; 

gold coin worth ten dollai^. 
Ea'glet, ». a young eagle. 
Ear, n. organ of hearing; spike 

of com. 
Earl (gri), ». noUeman next 

below a marquis: -dom, n. 
Early, a. & ad. before the 

usual time, in good season. 
Earn, v.a. to gain by labor. 
Ear'nsst, a. eager, zealous: — 

». seriousness; money to 

bind a bargain. 

Earth, n. soil, ground, the 
land, the world. 

Earth'en, a. made of earth. 

Earthly, a. worldly. 

Earth'quake, ». a shaking of 
the earth. 

Earth'y, a. of earth. 

Ear'wig, n. an insect. 

Ease (ez), n. freedom from 
paia or difficulty, rest: — 
v.a. to free from pain. 

Eas'el, H. a i>ainter's frame. 

East, n. the quarter where the 
sun rises: — a. toward or 
from the rising sun: -erljjw 
a. Siad.: -em, a.: -ward,aa* 

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Easf er, n. festival in mem(n7 
of Clurist's resurrection. 

Ea'sy, a. free from pain, &c.; 
not difficult. 

Eat (et), V. to chew and swal- 
low, consume: -Able, a. & n. 

Eaves,, edge of a roof: 
-dropper, n. secret listener. 

Ebb, n. reflux of the tide; de- 
cline: — v.toflowback;-fl' 

EVony, ». A Ittrd, heavy 
wood, commonly black. 

Bbri'ety, n. drunkenness. 

Ebulli'tion, n. a boiling up. 

Eccen'tric, a. deviating from 
the centre; peculiar, odd: 
-tric'ity, n. 

Bcclesias'tic, ». a clergyman. 

Ecclesias'tic, ecclesiar tical, 
a. relating to the church. 

Ech'o, «. sound reflected: — 
V. to reflect or repeat sound. 

Eclaf (a-kl^O. ». a striking 
effect: ap[^use. 

Edec'tic, a. selecting, chosen. 

Ecl^se', n. an obscuration of 
the light of a celestial body: 
— v.a. to darken. 

Eclip'tic, n. the apparent path 
of the sun. 

Ecaocue (-log), H, pastoral 

Econom'ical, a. frugal. 

Econ'omize, v.a. to use fru 
gallv: econ'omist, n. 

Econ'omy, n. thrifty manage- 
ment, frugality. 

Ec'stasy, «. excessive joy: ec- 
staf ic, a. 

Ecumenical, a. universal. 

Ed'dy, ». a contrary current, 
whuling water: — v. to whirl. 

Edge, ». the cutting side, 
brink:— vol. to sharpen. 

Edff'ing, n. border, fringe. 

Edible, a. eatable. 

E'dict, ». a decree, order. 

Ed'ifice, ». a building. 

Ed'ify, v.a. to instruct, im- 
prove: edifica'tton, m. 

Ed'it, v.a. to superintend for 
pubUcaXMMi: editor, ».: ed- 

Edi'tion, n. nimiber of copies 
printed at one time. 

Ed'ucate, v.a. to bring up, 
instruct, teach: educa'tion, 
«.: educa'tional, a.: ed'u- 
cator, n. 

Educe', v.a. to bring out, ex- 
tract: educ'tion, n. 

Eel, ». a snaky slimy fish. 

EfEace\ v.a. to blot out, erase: 
efEace'able, a.: -ment, ». 

Effecf, n. result, issue: pi. 
goods: — v.a. to produce, ac- 
complish: -ive, a.: -ual, a.: 
-iiate, v.a. 

Effem'inate, a. womanish, 
soft, weak: eflfem'inacy, n. 

Efifervesce' (-vesO, v.n. to 
bubble or froth up, ferment: 
efferves'cence, ».: efifer- 
ves'cent, a. 

Effete', a. barren, worn out. 

Efficacy, n. power to effect, 
virtue: eflaca'cious, a. 

Efla'ciency, n. power to ef- 
fect, capability: eflS'cient, a. 

Effigy, n. image or likeness. 

Effloresce' (-res'), v.n. to form 
a whitish powder or crust: 
efflores'cence, n.: efflo- 
res'cent, a. 

Effluent, a. flowing out: ef- 
fluence, n. 

Efflu'vium, n. small particles 
or vapors exhaled: ^. -via. 

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Efflux, n. a flowing out. 

Effort, n. exertion, endeavor. 

E£Eron'tery, n. impudence. 

Efful'ffent, a. shining, bright: 
effuPgence, n. 

Efihise^ v.a. to pour out: ef- 
fu'sion, n.: effu'sive, a. 

Egg, n. what is laid b)^ birds. 

Eg'lantineyW. sweet-brier rose. 

Ergotism, ». self-exaltation, 
speaking much of one's self: 
e^gotist. ».: ajs. egotis'tic, 
egotis'tical: e'gotize, v.n, 

Egre'gious (-jus), a. promi- 
nent, enormous. 

E'gress, n. a going out. 

Ei'der-duck (i'dgr-), n. a sea- 
duck sought for its fine down 

Eight (at), a. twice four. 

Eigh'teen, a. eight and ten. 

Eighth (atth), a. next in order 
after the seventh: -ly, ad. 

Eigh'ty, a. eight times ten. 

Ei^er (e'-), pron. one or the 
other: — conj. or. 

Ejac'tilate, v.a. to dart out, 
utter suddenly: ejacula'- 
tion, n.: ejac'ulatory, a. 

Ejecf, v.a. to cast forth, ex- 
pel: ejcc'tion, n.: -ment, n. 

Eke (ek), v.a. to lengthen. 

Elab'orate, v.a. to produce 
with labor: — a. highly fin- 
ished: elabora'tion, n. 

Elapse', VM. to glide away. 

Elas'tic, a. springy: elastic'- 
ity, ». 

Elate', v.a. to exalt or excite 
as by success: ela'tion, n. 

El'bow, n. joint where the 
arm bends. 

El'der, a. older: — ». one who 
is older; a church officer; 
kind of small tree: -ly, a. 

El Dora'do (-ra'-), n. a golden 

Elecampane', n. a plant hav- 
ing a bitter root. 

Elecf , v.a. to select by vote, 
choose: elecf, n. & a.: -ive, 
a.: elec'tion, n. 

Electioneer', v. to exert one's 
self to secure an election. 

Elecf or, n. one who elects, a 
voter: -al, a. 

Electri'cian (-trish'an), n. one 
versed in electricity. 

Electric'ity, n. a subtile fluid 
or agent; science which 
treats of this fluid: ajs. 
elec'tric, elec'trical. 

Elec'trify, v.a. to charge with 
electricity; thrill. 

Elec'trocute, v.a. to execute 
by the electric current. 

Electromo'tive. a. relating 
to mechaniou effects pro- 
duced bv electricity. 

Elec'tropiate, v.a. to plate 
with the aid of electricity. 

Electrotherapeu'tics, n. the 
treatment of dis^ise by 

Elec'trotype, n. a copy of 
tvpes, &c. formed by a metal 
deposited by electndty. 

Elecf uary, n. medicinal pow- 
der with syrup. 

Eleemos'ynary ^d-e-moz^-), 
a. relating to almsgiving. 

El'egant, a. pleasing, grarc- 
fui, refined: el'egance, n. 

El'egy, n. funeral song. dirKc. 

El'ement, n. a first principle, 
one of the constituent parts: 
ajs. elemenf al, -ary. 

El'ephant, n. largest quad- 
ruped: elephan'tine, a. 

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El'evate, v. a. to raise, exalt: 
eleva'tion, ».: erevator, n. 

Blev'eii, a. ten and one. 

Blf, n. a little spirit, a fairy: 
pi. elves : ajs. elfin, elfish. 

Euc'it, v.a. to draw out. 

Elide', v.a. to cut off. 

Bl'igible, a. legally qualified: 
eliffibU'ity, n. 

Elinrinate, v.a. to cause to 
disappear, get rid of. 

Eli'sion (e-lizh'un), n. the 
cutting off of a vowel. 

Elite' (a-letO, n. choice part. 

Elis'ir, n. a compound tinct- 
ure; quintessence. 

Elk, ». moose deer. 

Ell, ». a cloth measure, 45 

Ellipse', n. an oval figure. 

EUip'sis, n.omission of a word, 
&c.: />/. ellip'ses (sez). 

Ellip'tic, ellip'tical, a. oval; 
having a put understood. 

Elm, n. a forest tree. 

Elocu'tion, n. art or manner 
of speaking: -ary, a.: -ist, n. 

Elon'sate, v. to lengthen: 
eionga'tion, ». 

Elope', v.H. to run away se- 
cretly with a lover: -ment, n. 

Eroquence, n. art of speak- 
ing well, oratory: el'o- 
quent, a. 

Else, pron. other: — ad. other- 
wise: -where, ad. in another 

Elu'cidate, v.a. to make clear, 
explain: elucida'tion, n. 

Elude', v.a. to escape by art, 
evade: elu'sion (-zhun), ».: 
elu'sive, a.: elu'sory, a. 

Elys'ium (-lizh'e-um), n. a 
heaven: ely8'iaii,a. 

Ema'ciate (-sbX-at), v. to 

waste, grow lean: -a'tion, n. 
Em'anate, v.h. to flow from, 

arise: emana'tion, n. 
Eman'cipate, vui. to set free: 

emancipa'tion, n. 
Emas'culate, v.a. to castrate, 

deprive of manly strength. 
Embalm' (-b&m'), v.a. to pre- 
serve with aromatic drugs. 
Embank', v. to bank: -ment. 
Embar'go, n. prohibition of 

ships to leave port. 
Embark', v. to put or to go on 

shipboard: embarka'tion,^. 
Embar'rass, v. a. to perplex. 
Embas'sador, n. See Am- 
Em'bassy, n. message of state 

or those who carry it. 
Embellish, v.a. to ornament, 

beautify: -ment, n. 
EmlMrs, hot cinders. 
Embez'zle, v.a. to steal by 

breach of trust: -ment, n. 
Embla'zon (-bla'zn), v.a. to 

adorn with armorial figures. 
Em'blem, n. type, symbol, or 

representation: -at'ic, a. 
Embod'y, v.n. to form into a 

body: embod'iment, n. 
Embold'en, v.a. to make bold. 
Emboss', v.a. to ornament 

with raised work: -ment, n. 
Embouchure'(-b66-sh66r') ,« . 

mouth of a river, cannon, &c. 
Embrace', v. to clasp in the 

arms;comprise : embrace',*! . 
Embra'sure (-bra'zhvr), n. 

notch in a breastwork, &c.. 

through which a cannon is 

Emtvocate, vm. to bathe 

with a lotion. 

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Embroid'er, v.a. to adorn 
with figured needle- work: 
-y, H. figured needle-work. 

Embroil', vm. to entangle. 

Em'bryo, n. undeveloped rud- 
iments of an an inrial or 

plant, &c.: embryon'ic, a. 

Emenda'tion, n. correction, 
a mending: emend'atory, a. 

Em'erald, n. a green gem. 

Emerge', v.n. to come forth: 
emer'genceyn.: emer'gent, 
a.: emer'sion, n. 

Emer'gency, n. sudden neces- 

Em'ezy, n. a hard mineral. 

Emef ic, a. causing vomitu^.. 

Em'jgcajte, vm. to remove 
from one's native land: em- 
igra'tion, ».: em'igrant, n. 

Em'inent, a. high, conspicu- 
ous, famous: em'inence, n. 

Em'issary, «. secret agent. 

Emif, v.a. to send forth: 
emis'sion, n. 

Em'met, n. an ant. 

Emoriient, a. softening. 

Emolument, n. profit, gain. 

Emo'tion, n. a moving of the 
feelings: -al, a. 

Em'peror, n. ruler of an em- 

Em'phasis, n. stress of voice: 
em'phasize, v. a.: emphat- 
ic, a. 

Em'pire, n. emperor's do- 

Empir'ic, n. a quack. 

Empir'icism, n. dependence 
on experience only; quack- 
ery: ajs. empir'ic, -al. 

Employ', v.a. to keep at work, 

exercisCj use: — n. bus* 

occupation: -meat, n. 

Employ6 (-§'), ». one who is 
emi^oved: employ'ee, n. 

Empo'rium, n. place of great 

Empow'er, v.a. to authorize. 

Em'press, n. wife of an em- 

Emp'ty* a. having nothing in 
it, void: v.a. to make empty. 

Empyre'an, n. the highest 
heaven of pure light or fire: 
ajs. empyr'eal, empyre'an. 

Em'ttlate, v. a. to rival: emu- 
la'tion, ».: em'ulative, a.: 
em'ttlator, n.: em'uloua* ^ 

Emul'siot^ jiw a. a ic ditln al 
■Mitinr «f oi3, water, &c. 

Emul'sive, a. softening. 

Emunc'tory, ». an excretory 

Ena'ble, v.a. to make able. 

Enacf , v.a. to establish, de- 
cree: -ment, n. 

Enam'el, n. a kind of opaciue 
glass; smooth hard coating: 
— v.a. to paint in enamel. 

Enam'our, v.a. to inflame 
with love. 

Encamp', v. to pitch tents for 
a camp: -ment, n. 

Encaus'tic, a. burnt in, as 

Enceinte' (an-sanf ), a. preg- 

Enchain', v.a. to fasten with 
a chain. 

Enchanf, v.a. to charm: 
-ress, n. she who enchants. 

Encir'cle, v.a. to surroimd. 

Enclific, n. a particle so 
united to a word as to seem 
a part of it. 

Enclose', v.a. to close on all 
sides: enclos'ure, n. 

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Enco'mtum, n. 

to render 

mendation: enco 

Ion, n. 

encomias'tic, a. 



I. to invest 

Encore' (ang-k5r') 

on in fee: 

Encoua'ter, v. to 

unexpected meetj 

rake with 

Encour'age (kur 

whole line: 

give courage to: 

raking fire, 
mt in force, 

Encroach'* v.n. to 

Encum'ber, vm. t 

aent, n. 

pede: encumlir 

[z),v. toad- 

Encyclical, a. sei 

>: -ment, n. 

a circular letter. 

i by pledge, 

Encyclopse'dia, n 

; enter into 

ary of the arts, sc 




Encysf ed (en-sJsl 


closed in a cyst oi 


End, n. last poin 


t]on« close j purp 

: who man- 

bring or come to 

■ who super- 

Endan'ger, vm. U 

Endear', v.a. to i 

struction of 

, n . engines. 

-ment, ». a£fecti 

dye in the 

Endeav'or, v. to s 

try: — n. efiFort, ai 
Endem'ic, endei 

cut with a 

steel, &c. 

peculiar to a pei 

v.a. to mo- 


i; copy in a 


int, n. 

as a salad. 

raise or 

Endorse', v.a. & 

t, n. 

Endow', v.a. to fu 

riddle: ajs. 

rich with a gift: - 


Endue', v.a. to pui 

irect, urge. 

Endure', v.n. to la 

deUght in: 

bear, undergo: ( 

it, fi. 

a.: endu'rance. 

set on fire. 

End'wise, ad. end 

increase in 

En'emy, n. foe, a<j 

En'ergy, n. inhei 

3 shed light 

vigor, force: ene _ 

Bnt, ». 

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Enlisf, V. to enroll, engage 
-ment, n. 

Snlf ven (-vn), v.a. to make 
active or sprightly, animate. 

En'mity, n. hatrea, hostility. 

Enno'ble, v.a. to make noble. 

Ennui (an-weO> n. wearisome- 

Enor'mity, n. great wicked- 

Enor'mous* a. immense; atro- 
cious, very wicked. 

Enousn' (e-nufOt ti- sufficient. 

Enrage', v.a. to put in a rage. 

Enrapf ure (-rapt'yur), v. a. to 
transport with delight. 

Enrich', v.a. to make rich. 

Enroir, v.a. to register. 

Ensconce', v.a. to hide. 

Enshrine', v.a. to preserve as 

En'sign, n. a flag or standard; 
officer carrying the standard. 

Ensue', v.n. to follow, result. 

Enstire', v.a. Seelnstire. 

Entab'lature, n. (Arch.) the 
part of an order above and 
resting on the columns. 

Entail', v.a. to settle or limit 
in its descent, as an estate: », 
an estate entailed: -ment, n. 

Entan'gle, v.a. to tangle. 

En'ter, v. to go into or in, 
engage in, put into. 

En'te^rise, n. a bold under- 
taking: en'terprising, a. 

Entertain', v.a. to treat hos- 
pitably, amuse: -ment, n. 

Enthrone', v.a. to place on a 
throne: -ment, n. 

Enthu'siasm (-zl azm), n 
heat of imagination, passion- 
ate zeal: enthu'siast, n.: 
enthusias'tic, a. 

Entice', v. to allure: -ment, ft- 
Entire', a. whole: -ty, n. 
Enti'tle, vui. to give a right to; 

En'tity. ft. a real being. 
Entomo', v.a. to put in & 

Entomol'ogy, ft. science of 

insects: entomolog'ical, a.: 

entomorogist, ft. 
En'trails, ti. pi. bowels. 
En'trance, ft. a going in; a 

place for entering. 
Entrance', t>.a. to enrapture. 
Entreaf , v. to beseech: -y, n. 
En'try, ft. passage, entrance. 
Entwine', v.a. to twine. 
Enu'merate, v.a. to number 

or name over: -a'tion, n. 
Enun'ciate (-sW-at), v.a. to 

declare; pjronounce distinct- 
ly: enuncia'tion, n. 
Envel'op, v.a. to inwrap: — «. 

a wrapper: -ment, ft. 
En'velope (en've-l6p),ft. cover 

of a letter. 
Enven'om, v.a. to taint with 

En'viable, a. that excites env>'. 
En'vious, a. full of envy. 
Envi'ron, v.a. to surround: 

-ment, ft. surroundin|[s. 
Envi'rons, ft. pi. outskuts of 

a city. 
En'voy, ft. a minister sent to 

a foreign government. 
En'vy, v.a. to covet the good 

fortime of another, grudge: 

en'vy, ft. 
E'pact, ft. excess of the solar 

month or solar year above 

the lunar. 
Epaulef , epaulette' (lef), n. 

a shoulder-badge. 

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Ephem'eral (e-fem'-). a- last- 
ing only a day, short-lived. 

Epic, a. narrative: — n. an epic 

Ep'icure, n. one given to lux- 
urious living: -curism, n. 

Epicure'an, a. devoted to 
pleasure: — n. a voluptuary. 

Epidem'ic, n. a disease that 
attacks many: epidem'ic» a. 

Epider'mis, n. the outer skin. 

Epiglottis, H. the cartilage 
that closes the windpipe m 

Ep'igram, n. a short pointed 
or witty poem or saying: ajs. 
-mafic, -mafical: epi- 
Cram'matist, n. 

Ep'igraph, n. an inscription. 

Ep'ilepsy, n. the falling sick- 
ness: epUep'tic, a. 

Ep'Uoctte (-log), f>. a poem or 
speech at the end of a play. 

Epiph'any (-pif'-), ». a church 
festival on Jan. 6. 

Epis'copacy, n. church gov- 
ernment by bishops, &c.: 
epis'copal, a.: episcopa'- 
lian, ».: ^is'copate, n. 

l^'isode, n. incidental story. 

Epitaph, n, inscription on a 

Epithet, ». a qualifying term. 

Epifome (-5-me), n. abridg 
ment: epifomize, v.a. 

Ep'ocb (-ok), n. a remarkable 
point of time. 

E'qtiable. a. not variable: 
eqtiabillty, n. 

E'qual, a. of the same quality, 
&c., as another, like another: 
— H. one of the same age or 
rank: — vxi. to be or make 
equal to: equality, n. 

E'qualize, v.a. to make equal: 

equaliza'tion, ». 
Equanimity, n. evenness of 

Equa'tion, n. statement of the 

equality of two quantities. 
Equa'tor, n. a great circle 

round the earth half-way 

between the poles: equato'- 

rial, a. 
Eq'uerry (ek'wCr-), n. an offi- 
cer in charge of horses. 
Eques'trian, a. relating to 

horses or horsemanship. 
Equian'gular, a. with equal 

Equidis'tant, a. at the same 

Equilateral, a. with equal 

Equilib'rium, n. equality of 

E'quine (eliwin), a. relating 

to horses. 
E<|uinoc'tial (-shal), a. relat- 

mg to the equinoxes: — n. the 

cdestial equator. 
E'quinoz, n. time when nights 

and days are equal — about 

2ist March and 22d Sept. 
Equip', V. to fit out, accoutre. 
Eq'uipage (ek'wl-), n. outfit, 

carriage and retinue, &c. 
Equip'ment, ft. a fitting out; 

outfit, apparatus, furniture. 
E'quipoise, ». equality of 

Eq'uitable (ek'wl-), a. just. 
Eq'uity (ek'wl-), n. justice, 

right; value in excess of a 

mortgage or a loan on secur- 
ity, &c. 
Equiv'alent, a. equal in value, 

&c.: equiv'alent, n. 

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Eiiuiy'ocal, a. of double 

Equiv'ocate, v.h. to evade by 

words: equivoca'tion, n.: 

equiv'ocator, n. 
Eq'uivoke, n. an ambiguous 

E'ra, n. epoch, space of time 
Erad'icate, v.a. to root up; 

end: eradicaMon* n. 
Erase', v.a. to expunge, scrape 

out: eras'ure, n. 
Ere (air), prep, before. 
Erecf , v.a. to place upright, 

build: — a, ui»ight: crec'- 

tion, n. 
Er'got, n. diseased seed of rye 
Er'mine, n. an animal of the 

weasel tribe and its fur. 
Erode', v.a. to eat away: 

ero'sive, a.: ero'sion, n. 
Err (er), v.n. to go astray, sin, 

Er'rand, n. a message. 
Er'rant, a. roving: -ry, n. 
Erratic, a. wanderin|r. 
Erra'tum, n. an error m print- 
ing, &c.: pi. erra'ta. 
Er'ror, n. a mistake, fault, sin: 

erro'neous, a. 
Erst (6rst), ad. first, formerly. 
Erubes'cent, a. reddening. 
Eructa'tion, n. a belching. 
Er'ttdite, a. learned. 
Erudition, n. learning. 
Erup'tion, n. a bursting forth; 

pustules: enip'tive» a. 
Enrsip'elas, n. an eruptive in- 

Escalade', n. the scaling of 

walls: — v.a. to scale. 
Escapade', n. a prank. 
Escape', v. to flee from or 

shun safely: escape', n. 

Escape'ment, n. part of a 
watch or clock. 

Escarp', n. scarp or slope. 

Escheaf , v.n. to fall to the 
State for want of an heir, 
&c.: — n. property escheated. 

Eschew', v.a. to shun. 

Es'cort, n. a guard, com- 
panion: escorr, v. a. 

Escritoire' (-twawr'), «. writ- 

Escrow' (-cr6'), n. a writing 
executed but not yet deliv- 
ered as a deed. 

Es'culent, a. fit for food. 

Escutch'eon (-un), n. family 
shield, coat of arms. 

Esoph'agus(€-sof'-), n. gullet. 

Esoter'ic (-tfir'-), a. secret. 

Espal'ier (-pal'yer), n. lattice- 
work on which to train 
shrubs, &c.; the shrubs. 

Espe'cial (-pesh'al), a. chief, 

Esperan'to, n. a proposed 
world language. 

Es'pionage (es'pi-o-naj), n. a 
watching by spies. 

Esplanade' (nad), n. open 
space for walking or driving 
in, a grass-plot. 

Espouse', V. to wed; embrace 
as a cause: espou'sal, n. 

Espy', V. to catch sight of. 

Esquire', «. title of justice of 
the peace, &c.; term of re- 
spect: — v.a. to attend. 

Essajr', v.a. to attempt. 

Es'say^ .». an attempt; short 
treatise: -ist, n. 

Es'sence, n. the nature or 
being of a thing; a perfume. 

Essen^tial, a. necessary, very 

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Establish, v.a. to settle, fix: 
establishment, n. 

Estate', ft. condition; prop- 
erty, especially lands. 

Esteem', v.a. to value highly; 
think: — n. high regard: es'- 
timable, a. 

Es'timate, v.a. to set a value 
on, rate: es'timate, «. 

Estima'tion, ft. esteem, valu- 

Estop', v.a. to bar, stop. 

Estop'pel, ft. a plea barred 

Estrange', v.a. to alienate, 
make strange: -ment, ft. 

Bstray', fr. a beast lost. 

Esf uary, ft. arm of the sea 

Etch, V. to engrave by taking 
out parts with an acid. 

Eter'nal, a. through all time, 
everlasting: eternity, ft. 

B'ther, ft. an element purer 
than air; a volatile fluid 
from alcohol: ethe'real, a.: 
ethe'realize, v.a. 

Eth'ics, ft. science of morals: 
ajs. eth'ic, eth'ical. 

Etii'nic, eth'nical, a. pertain- 
ing to nations; heathen. 

Ethnog'raphy, ft. description 
of the races of men. 

Ethnol'ogy, of races 

E'tiolate, v. to blanch. 

Eti<ittette' (-ket'), ft. forms of 
ceremonies or manners. 

Etymol'OKy, ft. derivation of 
words: etymolog'ical, a. 
etymol'oi^t, ft. 

Bfvmon, ft. a root-word. 

Bu'charist, ft. Tx)rd's Supper. 

Eolo'gium, ettlocy,ft. praise, 
a speaking well of: eu'- 
logist, n.: eulogis'tic, a.: 
eulogize, vm. 

Eu'nuch, ft. a castrated man. 

Eu'phemism, n. a soft term 
used instead of a disagree- 
able one. 

Bu'phony. >t. agreeable sound: 
ajs. euphon'ic, -pho'nious. 

Euthan'asy, m. an easy death. 

Evac'tiate, v.a. to empty, quit: 
evacua'tion, ft. 

Evade', v.a. to elude, avoid. 

Evanes'cent, a. vanishing, 

Evan'gelist, ft. a preacher of 
the gospel: ajs. evangelic, 
-al: evan'gelize, 7'. 

Evap'orate, v. to fly off in 
vapor: evapora'tion, n. 

Eva'sion, »t. subterfuge, ex- 

Eva'sive, a. using evasion. 

Eve, ft. evening. 

E'ven (6'vn), a. level, uniform; 
eaual, parallel; calm; not 
odd: — v.a. to make even: — 
ad. exactly so, indeed. 

E'vening, n. close of the day. 

Evenf , n. result, occurrence: 
-ful, a.: -tial, a. final. 

Ev'er, ad. at any time, always. 

Ev'erglade, ft. large swamp. 

Everlasf ing, a. endless. 

Evermore', ad. eternally. 

Ev'ery, a. each: ev'erjrwhere, 
ad. m all (daces. 

Evicf , v.a. to dispossess by 
law: evic'tion, ft. 

£v'idence,ft. testimony, proof: 
— v.a. to prove. 

Ev'ident, a. plain, apparent. 

E'vil (g'vl), a. wicked, bad: n. 
wickedness, injury: — ad. ill. 

Evince', v.a. to prove, show. 

Evis'cerate, v.a. to tear out 
the bowels of. 

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Evoke', v.a. to call out. 

Evolve', V. to unroll or open 
out, develop: evolu'tion, n. 

Evul'sion, ft. a plucking out. 

Ewe (yu), n. a female sheep. 

Ew'er (yu'gr), n. a wide- 
mouthed pitcher. 

Exac'erbate ^ej^-as'-), v.a. to 
provoke, irritate: -a'tion, n. 

Ezacf , a. accurate, i»-ecise. 

Exacf, v.a. to force from, 
extort: -or, «.: exac'tion, n. 

Exag'gerate, v.a. to heighten, 
overstate: -a'tion, n. 

Exalf , v.a. to raise high: -ed, 
a.: exalta'tion» n. 

Exam'ine (egz-am'-), v. a. to 
search into, test, question: 
examina'tion, n. 

Exam'ple, n. pattern, sample. 

Ezas'perate, v. a. to enrage: 
ezaspera'tion, n. 

Ez'cavate, v.a. to scoop out, 
hollow: ezcava'tion, n. 

Exceed', v. to surpass, outdo: 
-ingly, ad. to a great degree 

ExceP, V. to surpass, exceed. 

Ex'cellency, n. title of honor. 

Ex'cellent, a. very good, emi- 
nent: ex'cellence, n. 

Excepf , V. to leave out, ob- 
ject: — prep, excluding, but. 

Excep'tion, n. exclusion; an 
objection: -able, a.: nal, a. 

Excerpf , n. an extract. 

Excess', n. undue amount, 
surplus: exces'sive, a. 

Exchange', v.a. to change, 
barter: — n. act of exchang- 
ing, barter; jJace where mer- 
cluints meet: -able, a. 

Excheq'uer (-chek'?r), n. a 
court having to do with the 
revenue; treasury. 

Excise' (eks-slz'}, ». a tax on 
home commodities, &c. 

Exci'sion, n. a cutting o£f. 

Excite', v.a. to rouse, stir up: 
exci'table, a. 

Exclaim', v.n. to cry out. 

Exclama'tion, n. outcry; 
mark I indicating wonder: 
exclam'atory, a. 

Exclude', v.a. to shut or put 
out: excltt'sion (-zhun), m.: 
exclu'sive, a. 

Excoc'itate (-koj'-), v. to 
think out. 

Excommu'nicate, vm. to ex- 
pel from communion: ex- 
communica'tion, ». 

Exco'riate, v.a. to flay: ex- 
coria'tion, n. 

Ex'crement, n. dung. 

Excres'cence, n. a superflu- 
ous growth, as a wart. 

Excrete', v. to eject as waste 
matter: excre'tion, n.: ex'- 
cretive, a.: ex'cretory, a. 

Excru'ciate (-kr66'shT-at),v.a. 
to torture: excrucia'tion, n. 

Excul'pate, v.a. to clear from 
blame: exculpa'tion, n.x 
excul'patory, a. 

Excur'sion, n. journey, trip. 

Excuse' (-kuzO, v.a. to free 
from blame, pardon: excu'- 
sable, a. 

Excuse' (-kOsO, ». that which 
excuses, (rfea. 

Ex'ecrate, v.a. to curse: ex'- 
ecrable, a.: execra'tion, n. 

Ex'ecute, v.a. to carry into 
effect, complete; put to 
death by form of law; exe- 
cu'tion, ».: execu'tioner, 
n.: exec'utive, a. & n.x 
exec'utory, a. 

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£zec'utor,n. one who executes 
the will of a deceased person 
fern, exec'utriz* «. 

Ezege'sis, ». explanation, in- 
terpretation: ezegef ical» a. 

Exem'plar, ». pattern, model. 

Ezem'plary, a. serving for a 
pattern, worthy. 

Ezem'plify, v.a. to illustrate 
by example: -fica'tion, n. 

Ezempf (egz-emt'), v.a. to 
free from, grant immunity 
from: ezempf, a. & ».: ez- 
emp'tion, n. 

Ez'equies, «. pi. funeral rites. 

Ez'ercise, v.a. to train, prac- 
tise: — v.n. to use exercise:— 
n. practice, exertion, a task. 

EzeiV* v.a. to bring into ac- 
tive operation: ezer'tion, n. 

Ezfo'liate, v.n. to come off in 
scales: ezfolia'tion, n. 

Ezhale% v. to emit as vapor 
ezhala'tion, n. 

Ezhausf , V. to drain wholly, 
tire out: ezhaus'tion, n. 

Exhib'it, v.a. to show: ezhi- 
bi'tion, ».: exhib'itory, a. 

Ezhil'arate, v.a. to make joy- 
ful: ezhilara'tion, n. 

Ezhort%2/.*to advise: -action, 
«.: exhor'tatory. a. 

Exhume% v.a. to disinter: 
exhuxna'tion, n. 

Ez'igence, ez'igency, n. ur- 
gent need, necessity. 

Ez'ile, v.a. to banish: — «. 
banishment; one banished. 

EzJsf , V. to be, live: -ence, n. 

Ez'it, n. passage out. 

Ez'odus, n. departure; the 2d 
book of the Old Testament. 

Ezon'erate, v. a. to disburden 
of blame: ezonera'tioii» n. 

Exorbitant* a. excessive, ex- 
trava^nt: exor11)itaiice, ». 

Ex'orcise (-siz), v.a. to expel 
an evil spirit: ex'orcism* n. 

Exor'dium* n. opening of a 

Exof ic» a. foreign, not native: 
— ». a foreign plant, &c. 

Expand'* v. to spread out, ex- 
tend widely, enlarge: ex- 
panse', n.: expan'sion* n. 

Expa'tiate (-pa'shl-at), v.n. to 
enlarge upon. 

Expa'triate, v.a. to exile. 

Expecf , v.a. to look for, wait: 
-ant» a.: expecta'tion» n. 

Expec'torate, v. to spit forth, 
eject phlegm: expec'torant, 
a. & ».: expectora'tion, n. 

Expe'dient* a. that serves to 
promote an object, fit, suit- 
able: expe'dient, n.: ns. 
expe'dience* expe'diency. 

Ex'pedite, v. a. to hasten. 

Expedi'tion, n. haste; military 
or other enterprise. 

Expeditious, a. speedy. 

Expel', v.a. to drive out. 

Expend'fV.a. to lay out, spend : 
expen'diture, «.: expense', 
n.: expen'sive, a. 

Expe'rience, n. knowledge 
gained by trial: frequent 
trial: — v.a. to know by trial. 

Exper'iment, n. trial, search 
to find out: — v.n. to make 
trial: experimen'tal, a. 

Experf , a. skilful, dexterous: 
— n. one who is skilful. 

Ex'piate, v. to atone for: ex- 
pia'tion, «.: ex'piatory, a. 

Expire', v.a. to breathe out: — 
v.n. to die, come to an end: 
expira'tion, n. 

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Biplain% v.a. to make plaioi 
dear up: ezplana'tioo, ft.: 
explan'atory, a. 

Bz'pletivc, n. a word used 
merely to fill a space. 

Bx'pUcate, v. to explain: ex'- 
plicable, a.: explica'tioa,». 

Ex'plicative, ez'plicatory, a. 
serving to explain. 

Explic'it (pUs^-), a. plain. 

Explode', V. to burst with a 
loud ncnse, bring to nau^. 

Exploif . n. a deed, feat: — v.a. 
to work up, turn to account. 

Explore', v.a. to search, ex- 
amine: explOTE'tion, n. 

Explo'sion (-zhun), n. an ex- 
ploding: explo'sive, a. Sen. 

Expo'nent, n. one that repre- 
sents, an index. 

Exporift v.a. to carry abroad 
for sale: exporta'tion, n. 

Ex'port, n. an exporting; thing 

Expose' (-p6z'), V. to lay bare, 
put in danger, disclose. 

Expos^ (-zaO, n. exposition. 

Exposi'tion (zish'un), n. ex 
hibition; explanation. 

Expos'itor, n. an explainer: 
expos'itory, a. 

Exposfulate (-pftst'-),v.«. to 
remonstrate: expostula'- 
tion, ».: exposfttlatory, a. 

Expo'smre, n. an exposing; 
exposed state. 

Expound', v.a. to explain. 

Express', v. a. to press out; 
represent; utter: — a. plain, 
manifest, direct: — n. a mes- 
senger; a conveyance: -ible, 
a., expres'sion, n. 

Expres'sive, a. vividly repre- 

Expul'sion, fi. act of expel- 
hng: expttl'iive, a. 

Expunge', vm. to blot oat. 

Expur'gate, vm. to purge out, 
purify: expuroa'aon, n. 

Ex'<iui8ite (eks'kwl-zit), a. ex- 
cmlingly nice, fine, choke. 

Exscind' (-sind'),v. to cut off. 

Ex'tant, a. now existing. 

Extem'pore (-pO-re), ad. & a. 
ofiF-hand: njs. extempora'- 
neons, extem'porary: ex- 
tem'porize, v. 

Extend', v. to stretch out: ex- 
ten'sible, a.: exten'sion, n. 

Exten'si^e, a. of great extent. 

Extenf , ». space, size. 

Exten'tiate, v.a. to lessen, 
palliate: extenua'tion, n. 

Exte'rior, a. outward, exter- 
nal: — n. outward surface. 

Exter'minate, v. a. to destroy: 
-a'tion. n.: -ator, n. 

Exter'nal, a. outward: exter'- 
nals, ft. pi. outside things. 

Extincf ,a. extinguished,dead. 

Extin'guish, v.a. to quench, 
destroy: extinc'tion, n. 

Extir'pate, v.a. to root out, 
destroy totally: -a'tion, n. 

Extol' (tSlO, v.a.^0 praise. 

Extorf , v.a. to wrest from, 
exact: extor'tion, n.: ex- 
tor'tioner, n.i extor'tion- 
ate, a. 

Extracf , v.a. to draw out, 
select: -or, n. 

Ex'tract, n. thing extracted. 

Extrac'tion, n. an extracting; 
origin, birth. 

Extradi'tion (-dish'un), n. a 
delivering up by one govern- 
ment to another of fugitives 
from justice. 

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Bztrajttdi'cial, a. out of the 
regiiiar course of legal pro- 

Bztramun'dane, a, beyond 
the world. 

Eztra'neous, a. foreign, ex- 

Eztraor'diiiarT (-tror'-), a 
iincommon, remarkaMe. 

Bztrav'afant, a. excessive, 
wasteful, profuse in ex- 
penses: eztrav'agance, n. 

Extray'asate* v.a. to force out 
of the ducts as blood: 
-a'tioii, n. 

Eztreme% a. at the utmost 
limit or degree, greatest: — n. 
utmost pomt, end. 

Extre'inist, n. upholder of 
extreme doctrines. 

Bztrem'ity, n. utmost point, 
greatest necessity. 

Ez'tricable, a. that may be 

Ez'tricate, v.a. to free from 
hindrances: extrica'tion, n. 

Eztrin'sic, a. external: -al, a. 
Eztrade', v. a. to force out, 

expel: tztm'sion, n. 
Ezii'berant, a. abimdant. 
Exude', V. to sweat out, <£s- 

charge through pOTes: ax- 

ttda'tion* n. 
Bxolf , v.n. to rejoice ^rceed- 

ingly: -ant, a.: -a'tioD, n. 
ExuMae, m. pi. cast-o£F skins, 

shells, &c.r of animals. 
Eye (I), n. the organ of visi<Mi; 

sight: — v.a. to look at. 
Eyelash, ». hair that edges 

the eyelid. 
Eyelet, n. small hole for a 

Eye'sore, n. something very 

offensive to the sight. 
Eye'tooth, n. tootn in the 

upper jaw next to the 

Eye'-witness, n. one who sees 

a thing done. 
Eyr^ (air^, n. lofty nest of a 

bird of prey, an aerie. 


Fal>ian, a. prudently ^ow, as 
the Roman general, Fabius. 

Fa'ble, n. a Signed story to 
enforce a monu precept. 

Fab'ric, n. a building: manu- 
factured cloth, &c. 

Fab'ricate, v.a. to make: 
devise falsely: fabrica'tion, 
«,: fal/ricator, n. 

Fab'ttlist, «. a writer of fables. 

Fal/tilous, a. belonging to 

Facade' (-s&dOi n- face or 
front of a building. 

Face, n. visage, surfoce, front: 

— v.a. to confront; cover in 

Fac'et (fas'-)* **• small surface. 
Face'tious (fa-se'shus), a. 

witty, humorous: -ness, n. 
Fa'cial (-shal), a. of the face. 
Fac'ile (fas'il), a. easy, pliant. 
Facil'itate, v.a. to make easy. 
Facirity, n. easiness; means 

that render a thing easy to 

be done. 
Fac-sim'ile (-sim'i-le), n. an 

exact copy. 

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Pact, n. a deed» thing done, 
resdity, truth. 

Fac'tion, n. small dissensions 
political party: facetious, a. 

Facti'tious, a. artificial. 

Fac'tor, n. mercantile agent; a 

Fac'tory, n. a factor's trading- 
house; a manufactory. 

Facto'tum, n. doer of all 

Fac'ulty, n. power of mind or 
body, ability; bodj^ of col- 
lege officers, physicians, &c. 

Fade, v.n. to decay as a flower 
or as color does. 

FflD'ces (fe'sez), n. pi. excre- 
ment, lees. 

Fag, V. to weary, exhaust. 

Faggot, n. bundle of sticks. 

Fah'renheit (fa'ren-hlt), n. 
name applied to a thermom- 
eter, the freezing-point of 
which is at 32 and the boil- 
ing-point at 212 degrees. 

Fail, v.n. to fall short, mis- 
carry; decay; become insol- 
vent: — v.a. to be wanting to; 
-ing, n. deficiency, fault; 
-ure, n. a falling short, 

Fain, a. glad: — ad. gladly. 

Faint, a. weak, feeble: — v.n 
to grow weak, swoon. 

Fair, a. beautiful, comely, 
dear, not foul; just: — ». a 
kind of market: -ness, n. 

Fair'y, n. a supernatural little 
being: — a. of or like fairies. 

Faith, n. belief, trust; what is 
believed; fidelity: -ful, a 
trusty: -less, a. 

Fal'cated, a. bent like a 

Fal'chion (fawl'chun), n. a 
short crooked sword. 

Fal'con (faw'kn), n. a hawk 
trained to the pursuit of 
game: -er, n.: -ry, n. 

Fall, v.n. to drop, decline; be- 
fall: — n. act of falling, de- 
scent, downfall; autumn. 

Falla'cious (fSLl-la'shus), a. 
misleading, delusive: fal'- 
lacy, n. 

Fal'lible, a. liable to error or 
mistake: fallibility, n. 

Fal'low, a. pale red; untilled: 
— n. land i^oughed and left 

False, a. untrue, unreal, 

False'hood, n. a lie. 

Falsef to (f awl-set'-), n. voice 
above the natural compass. 

Fal'sify (fawK-), v. to make 
false; tell falsehoods: falsi- 
fica'tion, n: fal'8ifier,». 

Fal'sity, n. false quality. 

Fal'ter, v.n. to hesitate in 
speech; waver, be irresolute. 

Fame, n. renown; report. 

Famed, a. renowned. 

Famil'iar (-yar). a. intunate, 
well known, affable: -ize, 
v.a.: familiar'ity, n. 

Fam'ily, n. household, class. 

Fam'ine, n. general scarcity of 

Fam'ish, v. to starve. 

Fa'mous, a. renowned 

Fan, n. a cooling implement; 
utensil to winnow grain: — 
v.a. to cool with a fan; win- 

Fanafic, fanaf ical, a. madly 
zealous: fanafic, n.: fa- 
naticism, n. 

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Fan'cy* n. imagination, whim, 
capricious lilung: — v. to im- 
agme; like: fairciful, a. 

Fandan'go, n. lively dance. 

Fane, n. a temple, church. 

Fang, n. tusk, tooth, talon. 

Fantas'tic, a. fanciful, whim 
sical, strange, wild. 

Far, ad. at a distance; very 
much: — a. distant, remote. 

Farce, n. a ludicrous play; 
empty show: far'cical, a. 

Fare, v. to be well or ill; feed: 
— ». price of passage; food. 

Farewell', ad. be well, good- 
by: fare'well, n. & a. 

Fari'na, n. flour or starch; pol 
len: farina'ceous (shus), a. 

Farm, n. tract for tillage: — v.a. 
to lease; till: -er, «.: -ing, n. 

Far'o (fair'o), n. a game at 

Farra'go, n. a jumble. 

Far'rier (fSr'ri-er), n. horse- 
shoer; horse-doctor: -y, n. 

Far'row (fir'-), «.litterof pigs; 
— a. not producing a calf. 

Far'thing, n. i of a penny. 

Far'thingale, n. hoop-skirt. 

Fas'cinate, v.a. to charm, en- 
chant: fascina'tion, n. 

Fash'ion, n. prevailing cus- 
tom: form, mode, style: — 
V. to mould, adapt: -able, a. 

Fast, v.n. to abstain from 
food: — H. abstinence from 
food: — a. fixed, swift, dissi- 
pated: — ad. firmly; swiftly. 

Fagf-day, n. day of religious 

Fasfen (fas'n), v.a. to make 
fast: -ing, n. 

Fastid'ious, a. easily dis- 
gusted, ovemice: -ness, n, 

Fasfness, n. stronghold. 
Fat, n. solid animal oil: — a. 

unctuous, not lean, fruitful, 

gross: — VM. to make fat. 
Fa'tal, a. appointed by fate, 

deadly, mortal. 
Fate, n. inevitable destiny, 

doom: fa'talism, n.: fa'- 

talist, n.: fatal'ity, n. 
Fa'ther, n. male parent: — v.a. 

to adopt as a child: -less, a. 
Fa'thcr-in-law, n. father of 

one's husband or wife. 
Fatii'om, n. measure of 6 

feet: — v.a. to sound to the 

Fatigue' (-tggOi n. weariness. 

— v.a. to weary. 
Faf ten, v. to make or grow 

fat: fafness, n.: fafty, <i. 
Fafuous, a. foolish, silly: 

fatu'ity, n. 
Fau'cet, n. a spout, spigot. 
Fault, ». an ofifence, defect, 

error: -less, a.: -y, a. 
Faun, n. a rural deity. 
Fau'na, n. the animals of a 

Fa'vor, n. kind regard, good 

will, a kind deed: — v.a. to 

aid, treat kindly: -able, a. 
Fa'vorite, a. beloved, pre- 
ferred: — ». one preferred. 
Fa'voritism, n. the pracUce of 

showing partiality. 
Fawn, n. a young deer: — v.n. 

to flatter servildy. 
Fay, n. a fairy. 
Fe'alty, n. fidelity, loyalty. 
Fear, n. dread, alarm: — v.a. 

to dread, be afraid: -ful, a.: 

-less, a. 
Feas'ible (fg'rf-), a. that may 

be done, practicable. 

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Feast, n. holiday; a rich 

repast: — v. to eat or treat 

Feat, n. deed, act, exploit. 
Feath'er, «. plume of a bird; 

kind: — v. a. to furnish with 

feathers: -y, a. 
Feature, n. a lineament, trait. 
Feb'rifuge, n. medicine to 

alla^ a fever. 
Felurile, a. partaking of fever. 
Feb'ruary, n. the ad month. 
Fe'cal, a. relating to fa>ces. 
Fec'ulent, a. turbid, foul. 
Fec'und, a. fruitful. 
Fecun'date, v.a. to make fruit- 
ful: fecunda'tion, n.: fe- 

cun'dity, n. 
Fed'eral, a. relating to a 

league or compact. 
Fed'erate, a. leagued: feder- 

a'tion, n.: fed'erative, a. 
Fee, n. reward; tenure of land: 

— v.a. to pay a fee to. 
Fee'ble, a. weak, sickly. 
Feed, v.a. to supply with food 

— v.n. to take food, eat: — n 

food, esp. for a beast. 
Feel, V. to perceive by touch: 

be sensible of: — ». feeling. 
Feering, n. sense of touch 

sensibility: — a. expressive of 

great sensibility. 
Feign (fan), v. to invent, pre 

tend: feint (fant), n. 
Felicitate (fe-lis'-), v.a. to 

wish happiness to: felicita'- 

tion, n. 
Felic'ity (fe-lis'-), «• happi 

ness: felicitous, a. 
Feline (4in), a. pertaining to 

Fell, a. cruel, fierce: — v.a. to 

knock or cut down; hem. 

Fellow, n. an associate; a 
man, person. 

Feriow*^eering,«i. svmpathy. 

Felly, ». rim of a whed. 

FelOHie-se,».a self-murderer. 

Feron, n. one guilty of felony, 
tumor on the finger. 

Ferony, n. a high crime: fe- 
lo'nious, a. 

Felt, n. a kind of cloth. 

Fe'male, a. of the sex that 
produces young: — n. one of 
the female sex. 

Fem'inine (-n!n), a. relating 
to women; delicate. 

Fem'oral, a. of the thigh. 

Fen, n. a marsh, bog. 

Fence, n. wall, railing, &c., to 
inclose a field: — v. to put a 
fence around; practise fen- 
cing: fen'cing, n. art of de- 
fence with swords. 

Fend, v. a. to ward off: -er, n. 

Fen'ny, a. Ix^gy, marshy. 

Feoff (fgf), vxi. to convey land 
to: -ment, n. 

Fer'ment, n. internal com- 
motion, tumult. 

Ferment', v. to excite, effer- 
vesce; work, as cider: fer- 
menta'tion, n. ' 

Fern, n. a plant, brake: -y, a. 

Fero'cious, a. savage, fierce: 
ferocity (f6-ros'-), «. 

Fer'reous, a. of or like iron. 

Fer'ret, n. a kind of weasel: — 
v.a. to search out. 

Ferru'ginous, a. partaking of 
or impregnated with iron. 

Fer'rule (fgr'ril or ffir'riil), «. 
a metal ring on a staff. 

Fer'ry, v.a. to carry over water 
in a boat: — n. place for fer- 
rying; boat for ferrying. 

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Fer'tile. a. fruitful: fertil'ity, 

n.: fer'tilize, v.a. 
Fer'ule (-i&l), n. stick to slap 

children with: fer'ule, v.a. 
Fer'vent, a. ardent, warm: 

fer'veiicy, n. 
Fer'vor, n. heat, zeal, ardor: 

fer'vid, a. 
Fes'tal, a. festive, joyous. 
Fes'ter, v. to sui^urate. 
Fes'tival, n. joyful celebra- 
tion; a feast. 
Fes'tive, a. relatmg to feasts, 

joyous: festiv'ity* n. 
Festoon', n. a garland. 
Fetch, v.a. to bring. 
FAte (fat), n. festival. 
Fef id, a. stinking, ill-smelling. 
Fef lock, n. a tuft of hair that 

grows behind on horses' feet. 
Fef ter, n. chain for the feet:— 

VM. to bind with fetters. 
Fe'tus, n. the developed young 

in the womb. 
Feud (fudj, n. a deadly strife; 

land hdd on condition of 

Feu'dal, a. pertaining to lands 

held of a lord on condition 

of milit^^ service: -ism, n. 
Fe'ver, n. a disease: -ish, a. 
Few, a. not many: -ness, n. 
Fias'co (fe-aslio), n. failure. 
Fi'at, n. solemn conunand. 
Fib, n. a falsehood: — v. to lie. 
FiOire (-bgr), n. thread-like 

substance: fi^brout, a. 
Fic'kle, a. changeable, incon- 
Fic'tion, n. invented story. 
Ficti'tioiis, a. feigned. 
Fid'dle, n. a violin: — v.n. to 

play upon a fiddle. 
Fiderity, n. faithfulness. 

Fidc'et, VM. to move by fits 
and starts: — n. nervous rest- 
lessness: -y, a. 

Fidu'ciary (-shi-a-), a. per- 
taining to a trust: — n. a 
trustee: fidu'cial (-shal), a. 

Fie, int. noting cont^npt. 

Fief (fef), n. a feudal grant. 

Field, n. a fenced ground; 
battle-ground; a space. 

Field'-marshal, n. highest 
general military oflker. 

Field'-officer, n. a regimental 
officer above a captain. 

Field'-piece, n. light cannon. 

Fiend (fend), n. devil: -i^, a. 

Fierce, a. eager, ferocious. 

Fi'ery, a. full of fire, ardent. 

Fife, #1. a musical pipe: — v.n. 
to play on a fife. 

Fifteen, a. five and ten. 

Fiftieth, a. next after 49th. 

Fig, n. fruit of the fig-tree. 

Ficht, V. to contend in war, 
combat: — ». battle, combat. 

Fig'ment, n. invention. 

Fis'urate, a. having a deter- 
minate form: ficura'tion, ». 

Fig'urative, a. metaphorical. 

Fis'ure, n. shape; represrata- 
tion, image; digit; type, 
embJem: — v. to mark with 
figures, represent; make 
one's appearance. 

Fil'ament, «. slender thread. 

Filamen'tous, a. thread-like. 

Fil'bert, ». kind of hazel-nut. 

Filch, v.a. to palfer. 

File, n. a tool for smoothing; 
line, series, bundle of papers, 
&c.: — v.a. to smooth with a 
file; put in a series: — v.n. to 
march in line. 

Fil'ial (-yal), a. befitting a son. 

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FU'ilmster, ». a freebooter. 

Fil'isree, n. ornamental work 
of gold and silver threads. 

Fil'let* n. band; thigh of veal. 

Fil'lip, ft. a jerk or snap of the 
finger from the thumb. 

Fil'lyt n. a yoimg mare. 

Film, n. a thin skin: -y, a. 

Fil'ter, n. a strainer for liquors: 
— v.a. to purify by a filter. 

Filth, n. foul or nasty matter. 

Fil'trate, v.a. to filter: — n. fil- 
tered liquid: filtra'tion, n 

Fin, n. a fish's wing-like organ. 

Fi'nal, a. last, conclusive; 
final'ity, n. 

Fina'le (-naOa), n. (Mus.) end. 

Finance' (fit-nans'), n. public 
revenue, money matters: 
finan'cial, a. i 

Financier' (-s6r'), n. one 
skilled in finance. 

Fincli, n. a kind of small bird. 

Find, v.a. to meet with, dis- 
cover, supply. 

Fine, a. not coarse, thin, deli- 
cate, nice, beautiful: -ness, 
«.: — ». a pecuniary forfeit: 
— v.a. to subject to a fine. 

Fi'nery, n. showy things. 

Finesse' (fe-nes'), n. artifice, 
trickery: — v. to use artifice. 

Fin'ger, n. a part of the hand: 
— V. to touch with or use the 

Fin'ical, a. affectedly nice. 

Fi'nis. «. the end. 

Fin'isn, v.a. to complete, per- 
fect: — n. the end, last touch. 

Fi'nite (-nit), a. limited. 

Fir, n. a tree, spruce. 

Fire, n. the iipeous element; 
matter bummg; ardor: — v. 
to set on fire; discharge. 

jFire'-arms, guns, &c. 
Fire'brand, n. a piece of burn- 
ing wood. 
Firer-damp, n. an explosive 

gas in coal-mines. 
Fire'-engine, n. an engine to 

put out fires. 
Fire'fly, n. a luminous insect. 
Firelock, n. a musket. 
Fire'man, n. one who puts 

out fires; one who feeds fires. 
Fire'works, n. rockets, squibs, 

&c.. fired for display. 
Fir'ldn, n. a quarter-barrd. 
Firm, a. made fast, strong, 

not easily moved: — n. a part- 
Fir'mament, n. the sky. 
Fir'man, n. a Turkish decree. 
First, a. foremost, earliest, 

chief: — ad. before. 
Firsf-rate, a. preeminent. 
Fis'cal, a. pertaining to the 

public treasury, financial. 
Fish, n. an animal living in the 

water: — v. to try to catch 

fish: -er, ».: -ery, «.: -y, a. 
Fish'-monger (-mung-ggr), n, 

a dealer in fish. 
Fis'sile, a. that may be split. 
Fis'sure (fish'yur), n. a cleft, 

Fist, n. the closed hand. 
Fis'tictifite, combat with 

Fisfula, n. a deep, narrow, 

pipe-like, sinuous ulcer. 
Fisf ttiar, nsf ulous, a. hollow 

like a pipe, like a fistula. 
Fit, a. qualified, adapted, 

proper: — v.a. to suit, quali- 

fv: — n. paroxysm; interval: 

tif ful, a. 
Five, a. four and one. 

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Fix, VM. to make fast, firm, or 
stable: -a'tion, n.: -ity, n. 
Fixture, n. a fixed article. 
Fizz, fiz'zle, v.n. to emit a 

Flab'by. a. soft, flaccid. 

Flac'cid (flak'sid), a. lax, soft 
and jdelding: flaccidlty, n. 

Flag, v.n. to grow feeble, 
droop: — v.a. to cover with 
flag-stones: — n. wiater-plant; 
colors of a ship, &c.; flat 
stone for paving. 

Flag'ellate (flaj'-), v. to whip 
or scourge: flagella'tion, n. 

Flag'eolet (flaj'o-), ». an in- 
strument of the flute kind. 

Flagitious (-jish'us), a. gross- 
ly wicked: -ness, n. 

Flag'-ofllcer, n. commander 
of a squadron. 

Flag'on, n. a drinking vessel. 

Fla'grant, a. ardent, glaring, 
enormous: fla'grancy, n. 

Flag'-ship, n. ship in which 
the flag-officer is. 

Flail, n. mstrument for thresh- 
ing grain. 

Flake, n. a scale; small loose 
mass: — v. to form into 
flakes: flacky, a. 

Flam'beau (-ba), n. a lighted 
torch: pi. flam'beaux (-boz) 
0r flam'beaus. 

Flame, n. a blaze, ardor: — 
v.n. to blaze. 

Flamin'go, n. a red bird with 
very long legs and neck. 

Flange (fl&ni'\ n. raised edge 
on a wheel-rim. 

Flank, n. the side: — v.a. to 
pass to or round the side of; 
border on. 

Flan'nel, n. soft woollen cloth. 

Flap, n. a piece that hangs 
loose; a blow or motion of a 
flap: — V. to move as wings. 

Flap'jack, n. a pancake. 

Flare, n. an unsteady, glaring 
light: flare, v.n. 

Flash, n. sudden blaze: — v. to 
burst out in a blaze: -y, a. 
dazzling, showy, tawdry. 

Flask, ». a bottle; powder- 

Flat, a. level; dull, dejected; 
not sharp; without interest: 
— «. a levd plain; a charac- 
ter [b\ which lowers a note 
a semitone: — v. to flatten. 

Flatten (-tn), v. to make or to 
become flat. 

Flatter, v. a. to praise falsely: 
flattery, n. 

Flafulent, a. generating wind 
in the stomach, windy. 

Flaunt, V. to parade gaudily. 

Fla'vor, n. taste or smell: — 
v.a. to impart a flavor to. 

Flaw, n. a defect; wind-gust. 

Flax, n. a plant: flax'en, a. 

Flay, v.a. to skin. 

Flea, n. blood-sucking insect. 

Fleam, n. lance to bleed cattle. 

Fleck, v.a. to spot. 

Fledge, v. to feather. 

Fledg'ling, n. a young bird. 

Flee, v.n. to run away. 

Fleece, n. the wool of one 
sheep: — v.a. to clip off the 
wool of, plunder: flee'cy, a. 

Fleer, v.n. to grin mockingly. 

Fleet, n. a bc^y of ships: — a. 
swift, nimble: — v.n. to fly 
swifdy: -ness, n. 

Flesh, n. soft part of an animal 
body; bodily app)etites: -ly, 
a. carnal: -y, a. fat. 

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Flex'ible, a. that may be bent. 
Flex'ile (-fl), a. easily bent. 
Flexion, n. a bending. 
Flez'or, n. a muscle that ben^s 

a joint. 
Flex'ure, n. a bending, bend. 
Flick'er, v.h. to flutter, waver. 
Flight (flit), n. act of flying or 

fleeing; flock of birds; stairs. 
Flight" 7, a. wild, giddy. 
Flim'sy (-zO, a. weak, thin. 
Flinch, v.n. to shrink back. 
Fling, v.a. to cast as from the 

hand, thrOw: v.n. to flounce; 

sneo-: — n. a throw; taunt. 
Flint, n. a hard stone; -y, a. 
Flip, w. beer and spirits sweet- 
ened and heated. 
Flip'pant, a. nimble of speech, 

pert: flip'pancy, n. 
Flirt, v.a. to flSng: — v.n. to 

coquet: — n. a pert, giddy 

girl, a jilt: flirta'tion, n. 
Flit, v.n. to fly, flutter. 
Flitch, n. side of a hog salted. 
Float, V. to swim or cause to 

swim on the surface: — n 

that which floats. 
Floc'culent, a. woolly, tufty. 
Flock, n. body of butls or 

sheep; lock of wool: — v.n. 

to gather in crowds. 
Floe, It. a mass of floating ice 
Flog, v.a. to whip, beat. 
Flood (flud), n. ^eat flow of 

water, inundation, deluge: 

— v.a. to overflow, inundate. 
Flood'gate, n. a gate to stop 

or let out water. 
Floor, n. bottom of a room; 

platform; story of a house: — 

VM. to furnish with a floor; 

throw or knock down. 
Flo'ra, n. plants of a country. 

Flo'ral, a. relating to flowers. 

Flores'cence, n. act or season 
of flowering. 

Flo'ret, n. a Uttle flower. 

Flor'iculture, n. culture of 

Flor'id, a. flushed with red, 
flowery: floridlty, n. 

Flo'rist, n. dealer in flowers. 

Floss, n. a soft, downy sub- 

Flotil'la, w. small fleet. 

Flof sam, n. wrecked goods 
found floating. 

Flounce, n. a hill of a gown; 
violent motion: — v. a. to 
deck with flounces: — v.n. to 
move with a jerk, &c. 

Floun'der, v.n. to j^unge and 
struggle: — n. a flat fish. 

Flour, n. fine meal: — v.a. to 
sprinkle with flour. 

Flour'ish (flur'-), v. to pros- 
per; brandish: — n. a waving; 
showy splendor. 

Flout, V. to mock, jeer:— -«. a 

Flow, v.n. to run as water, 
'ide, issue: — v. a. to over- 
ow: — n. a stream. 

Flow'er, n. blossom, best part: 
— v.n. to blossom: -y, a. 

Fluctuate, v.n. to rise and fall, 
as a wave: fluctua'tion, n. 

Flue, n. chimney passage. 

Flu'ent, a. flowing, voluble: 
flu'ency, n. 

Fluid, a. that flows, not solid: 
— n. a liquid: fluidity, n. 

Fluke, ». broad part of an 

Flume, n. channel for water. 

Flum'mery, n. a jelly; flatter- 
ing words. 

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Flur'ry, n. blast or gust, bus- 
tle: — v.a. to agitate. 

Flush* n. sudden flow of blood 
to the face: — v. to reddoi; 
elate: — a. vigorous; afflu- 
ent; level with. 

Flus'ter* n. agitation: — vm, 
to confuse. 

Flute, n. a musical pipe: — v.a. 
to channel, groove. 

Flutter, V. to move quickly 
and irregularly: n.aguation. 

Flu'vial, a. of a river. 

Flux, n. a flow; substance to 
promote mdting. 

Flux'ion, n. a flowing. 

Fly, V. to move with wings or 
swiftiy: — n. winged insect. 

Flsr'mg-iiiachine, n. any ma- 
chine for aerial navigation. 

Fly'-leaf , n. blank leaf at the 
beginning or end of a book. 

Foal, It. young of a mare:- 
to bring forth, as a mar 

Foam, «.& V. froth: -y, a. 

Fob, n. watch-pocket. 

Fo'ctts, If. point to which rays 
converge: pi. fo'ci: fo'cal* a. 

Fod'der, n. food for cattle: — 
vui. to feed (caltle). 

Foe (fd), n. an enenw. 

Foe, n. thick mist: rof'tj, a. 

Fo^, n. stupid, dow person. 

Forble, n, a moral weakness. 

Foil, v.a. to defeat, balk:- 
fencing sword, thin lei^ of 
metal, something to heighten 

Foist, v.a, to pass off 

F<Md, n. pen for sheep; a dou- 
Uing: — VM. to double, 

Folia'ceous (-a'shus), a. leafy. 
FoUage* H, leaves of trees. 

Foliate, v.a. to beat into a 
leaf: folia'tion, n. 

Fo'lio, n. a book with two 
leaves to a sheet; a page. 

Folk (fdk), folks, n. pi. people. 

Follow, V. to go after; re^t. 

Foriy, n. foolishness. 

Fomenf, vm. to bathe with 
warm lotions; foster, incite: 
-«'tion, n. 

Fond, a. lovkig, liking. 

Fon'dle, v.a. to caress. 

Font, n. a baptismal vessel; 
set of printing types. 

Food, n. victuals. 

Fool, n. one void of sense, 
idiot; bufitoon: — v. to trifle, 
befool: -cry, n. folly: 
-hardy, a. foolishly bold: 
-ish, a.: -ishness, it. 

Fools'cap, ft. a folio writing- 

Foot, n. the part on which a 
thing stands; xa inches; 
measure in verse: pi. feet:— 
v.n. to dance, walk: -boy, n. 
serving-boy: -in^» n. place 
to stand on, position: -num, 
ft. serving-man: -pad, ft. 

Foo'zle, ft. a bungling stroke, 
asatgolf:foo'zle, V. 

Fop, ft. an affected dandy: 
-pet7, ft.: -pish, a. 

For'age, ft. food for horses, 
&c.: — V. to seek forage. 

Forbear', v. to abstain from, 
desist: -ance, ft. 

Forbid', vui. to prohibit: 
-ding, a. repulsive. 

Force, ft. strength, power, 
violence; nn armament: — 
v.a. to ccmipel; ravish. 

FfMr'cept, ft. surgical pincers. 

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For'cible, a. by force, strong. 

Ford, v.a. to pass by wading: 
— n. part of a stream that 
may be forded. 

Fore» a.&Lod.rn front, before. 

Forearm', v.a. to arm before- 

Fore'-arm, n. the arm from 
elbow to wrist. 

Forebode', v.a. to tell or fear 
beforehand: forebod'ing, n. 

Forecast^ , v. to divine, i^an. 

Fore'cast, n. foresight. 

Fore'castle (-kasi), n. fore 
part of a ship. 

Foreclose', v.a. to bar the 
right to redeem a mortgage. 

Foreclo'sure, n. a foreclosing. 

Fore'father, n. an ancestor. 

Fore'-finger, n. finger next 
the thumb. 

Forego', v.a. to give up, for- 
bear: -ing, a. preceding. 

Fore'ground, «. part of a 
picture which seems before 
the figures. 

Forelianded, a. seasonable; 
well to do. 

Foreliead (for'ed),».the brow. 

For'eign (-in), a. of another 
country; alien: -er, ». 

Foreknow', v.a. to foresee. 

Fore'man, «. overseer. 

Fore'mast, «. mast next the 
bow of a ship. 

Fore'most, a. first in place, &c. 

Fore'noon, n. time before 

Foren'sic, a. belonging to 
courts of law. 

Foreordain', v.a. to predes- 
tinate: foreordina'tion, n. 

Forerun'ner, n. sign of some- 
thing to follow, harbinger. 

Foresee', vm. to foreknow. 

Foreshow', vui. to predict. 

Fore'sicht, n. forethought. 

For'est, n. great woodland: 
-er, n. keeper or inhabitant 
of a forest. 

F<»«stall', vji. to buy up, as 
provisions, before they are 
brought to market; antici* 

Fore'taste, n. anticipation. 

Foretell', v. to predict. 

Fore'thottght, n. provident 

Fore'top, n. platform at the 
top of the foremast. 

Foretop'mast, n. the mast at 
the top of the foremast, and 
at the top of which is the 

Forev'er, ad. eternally. 

For'feit (-fit), n. a fine for an 
offence: — v.a. to lose by 
some offence: -ure, «. 

Forge (forj), n. place where 
iron is hammered: — v.a. to 
hammer into shape, form; 

Forg'ery (forj'e-ri), «. crime of 
coimterfeiting writing, &c. 

Forgef , v.fl. to lose the mem- 
ory of: -ful, a.: -fulness, n. 

Forgef-me-not, n. a small 
herb with blue flowers. 

Forgive', v.a. to pardon. 

Fork, n. pronged instrument: 
'. to divide into branches. . 

Forlorn', a. forsaken, miser- 

Form, n. shape, figure, mode', 
mere show; school-bench; 
class: — v.a. to make, shape. 

Form'al, a. ceremonious, stiff: 
formal'ity, «.: -ist, n. 

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Formal'dehyde, n. an alcohol 
derivative used as a germi- 
cide, disinfectant, preserva- 
tive, &c. 

Forma'tion, n. act or manner 
of forming: for^mative, a. 

For'mer, a. earlier, first. 

For'meriy, ad. in time past. 

For'midable, a. to be feared. 

For^mula* n, a prescribed 

For'mulary, n. a book of 
forms or precedents. 

Fomica'tion» n. sexual inter- 
course between unmarried 
persons: for'nicator, n. 

Forsake'* vm. to desert. 

Forsooth', ad. in truth. 

Forswear', v. to deny on 
oath; swear falsely. 

Fort (tert), n. a fortified post 

Forte (fort), n. that in which 
one excels. 

For'te (for'ta), a. (Mus.) loud 

Forthcom'ing» a. about to 

Forthwith', ad. immediately. 

For'tify, v.a. to strengthen 
with forts, &c.: invigorate: 
fortifica'tion, n. 

Fortis'simo, a. (Mus.) very 

For'titude, n. strength to en- 

Forf nicht, «. two weeks. 

For'tress, n. a fortified place. 

Fortu'itous, a. happening by 
chance: fortu'ity, n. 

Forfunate, a. lucky. 

Forfune, n. chance, luck, 
fate; wealth: — v.n. to befall. 

For'ty, a. four times ten. 

Fo'rum, n. public place, 
court-room. t 

For'ward, ad. onward: — a. in 
advance, ready, early: — v.a. 
to send or help forward. 

Fosse (fos), n. a ditch, moat. 

Fos'sil, n. petrified vegetable 
or animal remains: los'sil, 
a.: -ize, v. to change or be 
changed into a fossil. 

Fossilirerous, a. producing 

Fos'ter, v.a. to feed, nourish. 
Fos'ter-child, n. a child 

nursed or reared by one who 

is not its parent. 
Foul, a. not clean, not fair, 

impure: — v. a. to make filthy. 
Found, v.a. to build, establish; 

cast: -er, «.: foun'dry, n. 
Founda'tion,». basis, support. 
Foun'der, v.n. to fill with 

water and sink: v. a. to lame. 
Found'ling, n. a child found 

Fount, f oun'tain, n. spring of 

water, jet; source. 
Four, a. twice two: -footed, a. 

having four feet: -score, a. 

eighty: -square, a. quadran- 
gular: -teen, a. four and ten. 
Fourth, a. next after the third. 
Fowl, n. bird, cock or hen: — 

v.n. to kill birds: -ing- 

piece, n. gun to shoot birds. 
Fox, n. an animal noted for 

Foz'tail, n. a grass. 
Fox'y, a. artful, wil^. 
Fra'cas, n. a noisy quarrel. 
Frac'tion, n. part broken off; 

part of an integer: -al, a. 
Frac'tious (-shus), a. cross, 

quarrelsome: -ness, n. 
Fracfure, n. a breaking, as 

of a bone: — v. a. to break. 

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WngfUe (frai'fl), a. brittle, 

frail: fragil'ity, n. 
Ftaf'iiMnt, f». piece broken 

off: -try, a. 
Fra'frant, a. sweet of smell: 

fra'crance, n. 
Frail, a. weak: -ty, «. 
Frame, v. to shape, construct: 

— 1». form, case, structure. 
Franc, n. a French coin, worth 

about ao cents. 
Fran'chise (-chiz) , n. privilege, 

esp. of voting. 
Fran'gible. a. that may be 

broken: trangibil'ity, n. 
Frank, a. candid: -ness, n.: — 

v.a. to exempt from postage. 
Frank'incense, n. sweet resm. 
Fran'tic, a. mad, raving. 
Frater'nal, a. brotherly. 
Frater'nize, v.n. to associate 

as brothers: frater'nity, n. 
Fraf ricide, n. murder or mur- 
derer of a brother: frafri- 

cidal, a. 
Fraud, «. deceit, deceptive 

trick: -ulent, a.: -^lence, n. 
Fraught (frawt), a. laden. 
Fray. n. an affray, fight. 
Freak, n. a fancy, whim. 
Freclde, n. yellowish spot on 

the skm: — v. to spot. 
Free, a. at liberty; loose; with- 
out charge: — v. a. to set free. 
Freelwoter, n. a pillager. 
Freedom, n. free state, liberty. 
Freeliold, n. an estate held by 

a free tenure: -cr, n. 
Fre'er, n. liberator. 
Free'stone, n. a sandstone. 
Free'thinker, n. a sceptic. 
Freeze, v. to congeal with cold. 
Freight (frat), v.a. to load:— 

n. lading, cargo. 

Fren'zy, n. mad fit. 
Fre'littent, a. often occurring: 

fre'qiieacy, n. 
Frequenf, vm. to visit often: 

-atiTe, a. noting repetition. 
Fres'co, n. painting on plaster. 
Fresh, a. new and unnn- 

paired, brisk; not sah. 
Freah'en, v.a. to make fresh. 
Fresh'et, n. flood in streams. 
Fresh'man, n. a college stu- 
dent of the fir^-year class. 
Fret, V. to gnaw, chafe, vex: 

— n. irritation. 
Frefful, a. peevish: -ness, n. 
Frefwork, n. raised work in 

Fri'able, a. easfly pulverized. 
Fri'ar, n. a monk: -y, n. 
Fricassee', n. a dish of fowls 

cut up and cooked in a sauce. 
Fric'tion, n. act of rubbing. 
Fri'day,n. 6th day of the week. 
Friend, n. one joined to 

another by affection: -ly, a.i 

-ship, ». 
Frieze (frez), n. a coarse 

woollen cloth; part between 

the architrave and cornice. 
Frig'ate, n. a ship-of-war. 
Fright, n. sudden fear, alarm: 

frighfen, v.a. to terrify. 
Frighf ful, a. dreadful: 
Frig'id, a. cold: frigid'ity, n. 
Frill, n. a ruffle. 
Fringe, n. ornamental border: 

fringe, v.a. 
Frip'pery, n. old clothes, &c. 
Frisk, VM. to skip, gambol. 
Friric'y, a. frolicsome. 
Frith, n. narrow inlet. 
Frifter, vm. to break into 

pieces, waste: — n. a kind of 


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Friv'oloas, a. trifling, slight: 

-ness, n.: frivority, n. 
Vtizz, friz'zle, vui. to curi or 

9tOf ad. from. 
Frock, n. an outer garment, 

Frog, n. an animal. 
FroPic, a. playful:— ». 

Froric, V. [i. & p. frol'icked, 

p. frol'icking] to play wild 

or merry ptiuiH.9; -cfuwo, 

Frondes'cence, n. act or time 
of putting forth leaves. 

Front (fnmt), n. forehead, 
fiure, forepart: — v. to face. 

Fron'tier (fr6n'-ter), n. border. 

Fron'tispiece (frdn'-), n. en- 
graving in front of a book. 

Frontlet (fnmt'-), n. band on 
the forehead. 

Frost, n. frozrai dew: -y, a. 

Frotn, n. foam: -y, a. 

Frounce, v. & n. curl, i^it. 

Fto'ward,a. perverse: -ne8g,». 

Ftown, v.n. to scovd: — «. an- 
gry look. 

FJrow'zy, a. musty. 

Fruc'tity, v. a. to make fruit- 
ful: fructifica'tion, n. 

Fru'gal, a. thrifty, economi- 
cal: frugarity, n. 

Fruit, n. produce of the earth, 
or of trees, &c.: -age, n. 
fruit collectively: -ery, n. 
repository for fruit: -ml, a. 

Frurtion, n. enjoyment. 

Fru'menty, n. wheat boiled in 

Frush, n. the tender horn in 
the middle of a horse's foot. 

Frus'trate, v.a. to foil, de- 
feat: frustra'tion, n. 

Vtj, v. to cook in fat: — n. a 
swarm of voung fishes. 

Fuchsia (fu'shl-a), n. a plant 
and its flower. 

Fud'dle, v.a. to make drunk. 

Fu'el, M. wood, coal, &c., for 

Fuga'cious, o. fleeting, short- 
lived: fugac'ity (-gas'-), n. 

Fu'gitive, a. flving, short- 
lived: — n. one fled. 

Fu'gleman, n. soldier in front 
at drill to give the time. . 

Fugue (fug), f». repetition of 
parts in music. 

Ftil'crum, n. prop on which 
a lever moves. 

Fulfil', v.a. to accompdish. 

Ful'gent, a. shining, bright. 

Full, a. completely filled: — n. 
the complete measure: — ad. 

r*:e, completely: — v.a. to 
ken and cleanse cloth. 

Ful'minate, v. to thunder, ex- 
plode: fulmina'tion, n. 

Ful'ness, n. state of being full. 

Ful'some, a. nauseous. 

Ful'vous, ful'vid, a. tawny. 

Fum'ble, v. to handle awk- 

Fume, n. smoke, steam; rage. 

Fu'migate, v.a. to smoke, 
cleanse: fumiga'tion, n. 

Fun, n. merriment, sport. 

Funam'bulist, n. rope-dancer. 

Func'tion, n. employment, 
office: -al, a.: -ary, n. 

Fund, n. capital, stock: pi. 
public debts as stock: — v.a. 
to convert into capital or 

Fun'dament, n. seat of the 

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Fundamen'tal, a. ( 

Fu'neral* n. & a. buri 
Pune'real, a. suiting a 

Fun'gus, n. a spongy 

mushrooms, &c.: ft 

a.: fungos'ity, n. 
Punic'ular, a. relatin] 

or fibre; drawn by 

as railway cars. 
Fun'nel, n. smoke-tu 

low cone for filling 1 
Fun'ny, a. comical. 
Fur, n. skin with sof 
Fur1i>elow, n. flounce 
Fur11)ish» v.a. to bun 

up, renovate. 
Fur'cate, fur'cated, a 
Fu'rious, a. mad, ra( 
Furl, v.a. to draw up 

roll up. 
FuT'long, n. eighth j 

Furaough (-16), n. 

Fur'nace, n. enclos 

place; place for 

metals, &c. 
Fur'nish, v.a. to sup 

vide, afford. 

as chairs and tables 
Fur'rier, n. a dealer i 
Fur'row, n. trench < 

plough: — VM. to cu 



urther: — 
mce, n.: 
: -most, 
thest, a. 

.ge, fren- 


die in a 
rhich the 
kind of 

f infant- 

kind of 

, useless: 

time to 

I electric 
)f metal 
the cur- 
es, as of 
z, hairy 

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Gab, n. mouth: idle talk. 
Gabardine' (-denO, n. cloak. 
Gab'ble, n. chatter, gab, 

noise of geese: gab'ble, v.n. 
Ga'bion, n. basket of earth. 
Gamble, n. triangular end of 

a house. 
Gad, v.n. to rove about: -fly, 

n. a fly that stings cattle. 
Gaff, n. a hook; a spur; a spar. 
Gag, n. something thrust mto 

the mouth to prevent speech: 

Gage, n. a pledge; test: — v.a. 

to bind by pledge; measure. 
Gain, n. profit^ advantage: — 

v.a. to acquire; arrive at: 

-ful, a. lucrative. 
Gainsay', v.a. to contradict. 
Gait, n. manner of walking. 
Gaifer, n. a covering for the 

ankle; a high shoe. 
Ga'la, n. show, festivity. 
Gal'azy, n. the Milky Way. 
Gale, n. strong wind. 
Gall, n. bile; bitterness: — v.a. 

to fret as a sore, chafe. 
Gallant, a. brave, noble. 
Gallanf, a. attentive to 

ladies: — n. a lady's man: — 

v.a. to attend (a lady). 
Gallantrr, n. bravery; devo- 
tion to ladies. 
Gal'iery, n. covered passage; 

balcony; upper floor of seats. 
Galley, n. a long, low-built 

ship; a ship's cook-room; 

frame for type which is set up. 
Galley-slave, n. convict con- 
demned to row in a galley. 
Gallic, a. relating to gall-nuts. 

Gallicism, w.a French idiom. 

Gallina'ceous (-na'shus), a. 
pertaining to barnyard fowls. 

Gallipot, ft. a small glazed 

Gall'-nut, n. excrescence on 
an oak, used in making ink. 

Gal'lon, f». four quarts. 

Galloon', n. a lace, trimming. 

Gallop, v.n. to move by leaps: 
— «. motion by leaps. 

Gallows, n. scaffold for hang- 
ing murderers. 

Galoche' (-losh'), n. overshoe. 

Gal'vanism, n. a branch of 
electricity: galvanic* a.: 
gal'vanize, v.a. 

Galvanom'eter, n. an instru- 
ment for detecting currents 
of electricity. 

Gaml)le, v.n. to play for 
money: gaml>ler, n. 

Gamboge' (-boj'), n. a yellow 
gum-resin or paint. 

Gam'bol, v.n. to skip, frisk, 
sport about: gam'bol, n. 

Gaml)rel, n. hind leg of horse. 

Game, n. sport, play; animals 
hunted: — v.n. to gamble: 
-some, a. frolicsome. 

Game'ster, n. a gambler. 

Gam'mon, n. hog's thigh 
smoked; hoax: v. to humbug. 

Gam'ut, n. the musical scale. 

Gan'der, n. male of the goose. 

Gang, n. a crew, company. 

Gan^ion, n. a tumor m a ten- 
don; enlargement in a nerve. 

Gan'grene, n. mortification: 
— V. to mortify, putrefy; 
gan'grenous, a. 

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Gans'way, n. way or 
Gan'net, «. a sea-fo^. 
Gaol (jal), n. jail: gaol'er* n. 
Gap, n. an opening. 
Gape (sap}, to open the 

mouth wide, yawn. 
Garage' (ga-razhO. n.a, house 

for automobiles. 
Garb, n. dress, clothing. 
GarHmge, n. oflFal, refuse. 
Gar'ble, v.a. to pick over, 

mutilate, corrupt, pervert. 
Gar'den, n. ground for growing 

plants, flowers, &c.: -er, n. 
Gar'gle, v.a. to wash, as the 

throat: n. liquid for gargling. 
Gar^nd, n. a wreath. 
Gar'lic, n. a strong-smelling 

Gar'ment, n. an article of 

Gardner, n. place to store 

grain: — vm. to store. 
Gax'net. n. a red gem-stone. 
Gar'nisn, v.a. to adorn 

gar'niture, n. 
Garnishee', n. one warned not 

to pay money to another. 
Gar'ret, n. room next the roof. 
Gar^rison, n. troops to hold 

a fort. 
Garrote' (-r6t), v. to strangle. 
Gar'rulous, a.talkative: -ness, 

».: garrulity, n. 
Gar'ter, n. band to hold the 

Gas, n. an aeriform fluid: 

•^ous, a. 
Gasconade', »'. boasting. 
Gash, n. a deep cut; gash, v.a. 
Gasom'eter, n. instrument for 

measuring gas; place for gas. 
Oatp, VM. to catch for breath: 

gasp, H, 

Gas'tric, o. belonging to the 

Gastron'omy, n. art of good 
eating: gastronomic, a. 

Gatli'er, v. to collect: — n. a 
pucker made in sewing cloth. 

GauMy, a. showy, flashy. 

Gauge (g3.j), v.a. to measure 
as barrels, casks, &c.: — n. a 
measure, scale of measuring. 

Gaunt (g&nt), a. lean, meagre. 

Gaunf let (gant'-), n. an iron 
glove; a long glove. 

Gauze, n. thin stuff: gauz'y, a. 

Gav'el, n. a small mallet. 

Gawk'y, a. awkward. 

Gay, a. merry, showy: -cty, n. 

Gaze, v.n. to look intently: — ». 
fixed look, stare. 

Gazelle', n. kind of antelope. 

Gazette', n. a newspaper: — 
v.a. to publish in a gazette. 

Gazetteer'^ (gaz-et^grO, «. a 
geographical dictionary. 

Gear, n. dress, harness, 
tackle, series of wheels, &c. 

Gel'atine (iel'-), n. jelly-like 
animal substance: gelaf in- 
ous, a. 

Geld (geld), v.a. to castrate: 
-ing, n. a castrated horse. 

Gel'io (jel'-), a. very cold. 

Gem, n. precious stone; bud. 

Gemma'tion, n. act or time 
or form of budding. 

Gen'der, n. kind as to sex. 

Geneafogy, ♦». pedigree of a 
^unily or person: genealog'- 
ical, a.: geneal'ogist, n. 

Gen'eral, a. relating to the 
many or all, pubRc, com- 
mon: — n. chief part; com- 
mander of an army: -is'si- 
mo, n, commander-in-chief. 

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General'ity, n. main part. 

Gen'eralize, v.a. to make 
general, include in a general 
term: generaliza'tion» n. 

Gen'eralahip, n. military skill 
of a general. 

Gen'erate, v.a. to beget, pro- 
duce: gen'erative, a.: gen'- 
eratOTf n. 

Genera'tion, ». act of beget- 
ting; race, o£Fspring; an age. 

Gener'ic, generical, a. mark- 
ing or comprising a genus. 

Gen'erous. a. nobly Uberal: 
generosWt »• 

Gen'esis, n. generation; ist 
book of the Bible. 

Ge'nial, a. cheerful, sprightly: 
geniarity, n. 

Genitals, ». pi. the exterior 
organs of generation. 

Gen'itive, a. possessive case 
of Latin and Greek nouns. 

Gen'ius (jen'yus), n. inborn 
faculty or bent, superior 
mentad power; peculiar char- 
acter: ifl. geniuses. 

Ge'nius (je'nl-us), n. a spirit: 
pi. ge'nii (j6'nl-l). 

Genteer, a. well-bred. 

Gen'tian (-shan), n. a plant 
and its medicinal root. 

Gen'tile, n. one not a Jew. 

Gentil'ity» n. good breeding. 

Gen'tle, a. not rough, mild, 
amiable; of good birth. 

Gentleman, n. a man well 
bred: -ly, a.: /em. gen'tle- 

Gen'try, n. people of good 

Genuflec'tion, n. a bending 
of the knee. 

Gen'uine, a. real, pure. 

Ge'nu8» n. group, family, 
race; pi. geirera. 

Geocen'tric, a. having the 
earth as a centre. 

Geod'esy, n. art of surveying 
vast areas of the earth. 

Geog'ri^y, n. a description 
of the earth's surface and 
inhabitants: geog'rapher, 
n.: geographical* a. 

Geol'ogy, ». science of the 
structure and mineral con- 
stitution of the earth: geo- 
log'ical* a.: geol'ogist, n. 

Geom'etry, n. that branch of 
mathematics which treats 
of magnitude in space: ns. 
geom'eter, geometri'cian : 
ajs. geomet'ric, -al. 

Geor'gic (jor'jik), n. poem on 
rund affairs. 

Gera'nium, n. a plant and its 

Germ, n. seed-bud. 

Ger'man* a. of the same stock. 

Germane'* a. relevant, akin. 

Ger'man sil'ver, an alloy of 
copp«r, nickel, and zinc. 

Gcir'minal* a. of a germ. 

Ger'minate, v. to sprout: ger'- 
minant, a.: -a'tion, n. 

Ger'tmd, n. a verbal noun. 

Gesta'tion, n. carrying the 
young in the womb. 

Gestic'iilate, v. to make ges- 
tures: gesticula'tion, n. 

Gesf ure» n. a motion when 
speaking: gesftire» v.n. 

Get* v.a. to gain possession of: 
— VM. to arrive at, become. 

Gew'gaw, n. a showy trifle. 

Ghastly (gast'-), a. deathly. 

Gherldn (gur'-), n. small 
pickled cucumber. 

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Ghost (gost), n. spirit, soul; 

a spectre: -ly, a. 
Ghoul (gool), n. a demon sup- 
posed to feed on the dead. 
Gi'ant, n. man of immense 

size:/($m. gi^antess, n. 
Gib'ber (gib'-), vm. to speak 

inarticulately: -ish, n. & a. 
Gib'bet (jib'-), n. a |;aUows: — 

v.a. to hang on a gibbet. 
Gib'bous (gib'-), a. convex as 

the moon nearly full. 
Gibe (jib), n. & v. scoff, taunt. 
Gib'lets (jib'-), n. pi. internal 

eatable parts of a fowl. 
Gid'dy, a. dizzy, heedless. 
Gift, n. a thing given. 
Giff ed, a. endowed, talented. 
Gig, n. a light chaise; a boat. 
Gigan'tic, a. very large. 
Gig'gle, v.n. to laugh in a silly 

manner: gig'gle, n. ^ 
Gild, v.a. to overlay with gold: 

-in^, n. 
Gill (jU). n. i of a pint. 
Gills (gilz), ». pi. breathing 

organs of a fish, &c. 
Gilly-flower (jil'-), n. a plant. 
Gim'bals (jim'b&lz), n. rings 

to keep a sea-compass hori- 
Gim'crack, n. a trifle, toy. 
Gimlet, n. tool for boring. 
Gimp (gimp), n. kind of braid. 
Gin, n. machine; liquor; snare: 

v.a. to clear of cotton-seeds. 
Gin'^er, n. a plant and its 

spicv root: -ly, a. gently. 
Ging'ham, n. a cotton cloth. 
Gin^ng, n. a medicinal root. 
Giraffe' (jl-raf), n. the camel- 

Gird, v.a. to bind round, fasten. 
Gir'dle, n. belt:— v.a. to gird. 

Girl, n. a female child: -ish, 

a.: -hood, n. 
Girth, n. horse's belly-band; 

Gist (jist), n. main point. 
Give, V. to bestow, grant,yield. 
Giz'zard, n. a fowl's stomach. 
Gla'cial, a. icy, frozen. 
Glac'ier (glasl-gr), n. field of 

ice and snow. 
Gla'cis, n. a sloping bank. 
Glad, a. pleased, joyful: 

-some, a. 
Glad'den, vui. to make glad. 
Glade, n. open space in a wood. 
Glad'iate, a. sword-shaped. 
Glad'iator, n. a sword-player 

or prize-fighter: gladiato'- 

rial, a. 
Glair, n. the white of an egg. 
Glance, n. quick shoot of 

li^ht; glimpse: v.n. to dart or 

view obliquely. 
Gland, w. a secreting organ of 

the body, and of plants. 
Glan'ders, n. pi. a disease of 

the glands, &c., of horses. 
Glan'dular, glan'dulous, a. 

of or pertaining to glands. 
Glare, n. a dazzling light; 

fierce look: glare, v.n. 
Glar'ing, a. bright; notorious. 
Glass, n. a transparent sub- 
stance in windows, &c.: — 

v.a. to cover with glass. 
Glass'y, a. of or like ^lass. 
Glaze, v.a. to furnish with 

glass or a glassy coating: 

gla'zier (-zher), n. 
Gleam, v.n. to glow or flash: — 

n. flash, beam: -y, a. 
Glean, v.a. to gather after 

reapers: glean'er, n. 
Glebe, n. soil; church land. 

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61ee» n. mirth; a song in parts. 

61en» n. a narrow valley. 

Glib, a. smooth; voluble. 

Glide, v.n. to flow or move 
gently: glide, n. 

Glun'mer, v.n. to shine faint- 
ly: — n. imsteady deam. 

Glimpse, it. a faint Ught, hasty; 

Glis'ten (gUs'n), v.n. to shine. 

Glifter, v.n. to sparkle: — n. 
bright show. 

Gloat (gist), v.n. to stare with 

Globe, n. a sphere, ball; the 
earth: globose', a.: glob'- 
ular, a. 

Glob'ule, n. a little globe. 

Gloom, n. sadness; partial 
darkness: -y, a. dismal. 

Glo'rify, v.a. to exalt to glory: 
glorifica'tion, n. 

Glo'ry, n. high honor, fame, 
splendor: — v.n. to exult, 
vaunt: glo'rious, a. 

Gloss, n. lustre; a comment: — 
v.a. to give a su(>erficial 
lustre to. 

Glos'sary, n. dictionary of 
unconunon words. 

Glos'sv, a. smooth, shining. 

Glof tUL n. windpipe mouth. 

Glove (gluv), n. a cover for 
the hand: iglov'er, n. glove- 

Glow, v.n, to shine with in- 
tense heat: — n. shining heat; 
brightness of color. 

Gloze, v.n. to flatter, wheedle. 

Glu'cose (-kos), n. the pecu- 
liar kind of sugar in grapes. 

Ghie, n. a sticky cement: v. a. 
to join with glue: glu'ey, a. 

Ghim, a. sullen, gloomy. 

Glume, n. husk of grain, &c. 
Glut, v.a. to cloy, gorge. 
Gltt'ten, n. gluey part of grain. 
Gltt'tinous, a. gluey, viscous. 
Gluf ton, n. a greedy eater,. 

gormand: -ous, a.: -y, n. 
Glyc'erine (glis'-), n. sweet 

sticky liquid from fat. 
Gnarled, gnar'ly (mlrr-), a, 

Gnash (nash), v. to strike to- 
gether, as the teeth. 
Gnat (nat), n. a small, sting> 

ing msect. 
Gnaw (naw), v.a. to bite or 

tear with the teeth. 
Gneiss (nb), n. a rock like 

Gnome (ndm), n. a fabled 

tmderground dwarf. 
Gno'mon (n6'-), n. pin of a 

Gnomonlcs (nd-), n. dialing. 
Gnu (nu), n. a kind of antelope. 
Go, v.n. to proceed, pass, move. 
Goad, n. a pointed stick to^ 

drive oxen: — v.a. to prick. 
Goal, n. ending-place of a 

race, &c. 
Goat, n. a wdl-known animal. 
Gob, n. mouthful, lump. 
Gob'ble, V. to swallow hastily,. 

make a noise as a turkey. 
GoVeHn, n. French tapestry. 
Goblet, n. a drinking-cup. 
GobUB, n. a spirit, elf, gnome. 
God, n. the Supreme Being; a 

doty: /em. god'dess, ».: 

-len, a. impfous: -ly, a. 
Godfather, n. male sponsor 

for a child at baptism. 
God'head, n. divine nature. 
Gog's^leSj spectacles with 

projeetmg eye-tubes. 

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Goi'tre (goi'tSr), n. a swelling 
on the throat. 

Gold, n. a ydlow predous 
metal; money: gold'en, a. 

Gold'flnch, n. yellow bird. 

Golf, n. game m which a ball 
is driven with clubs from 
hole to hole of a course. 

Gon'dola, n, boat used in 

Gondolier' (-l€rO, n. a rower 
of a g(uidoia. 

Gong, f». a sort of drum. 

Gonorrhce'a, n. a morbid dis- 
charge from the urethra. 

Good, a. excellent, not bad, 
fit: — 1». benefit, the contrary 
to evil: -ly, a.: -liness, n. 

Good-by', ad. farewell. 

Goods, movables, wares. 

Goose, n. a fowl: pi. geese. 

Goose'berry (g56z'-), ». a 
shrub and its fruit. 

Gore, H. blood clotted; tri- 
angular piece of cloth: — 
v.a. to stab. 

Gorge, n. the throat. 

Gorge, V. to eat greedily, glut. 

Gorgeous, a. richly showy. 

Gor'gon, n. a faUed monster. 

GoriPla, n. large monkey. 

Gor'mand, n. greedy eater: 
-ize, V. to eat sreedily. 

Oorse, n. a inickly shrub. 

Go'ry, a. bloody. 

Gos'Iing, n. young goose. 

Gos'pel, n. history of Christ, 
the Christian revelation. 

Gos'samer, n. filmy cobweb. 

Gos'sip, n. a tatder; idle talk, 
tattle: gos'sip, v.n. 

Goths, n. pi. an ancient peoi^e: 
-ic, a. relating to the Goths 
or to a style of architecture. 

Gouf^e (gowj), n. a scooping 
chisel: — v. a. to scoop out. 

Gourd (gdrd or gddrd), n. a 
plant and its fruit. 

Gout (gowt), n. a disease: -y, a. 

Gout (gdd), n. taste, relish. 

Gov'em (guv'-), v.a. to rule, 
direct: -ment, n.: -or, n. 

Gov'emess, n. a female tutor. 

Gown, n. a dress, loose robe. 

Grab, v.a. to grasp, seize. 

Grace, n. favor, pardon, vir- 
tue; elegance, b^uty; pray- 
er; a tide: — v. a. to adorn, 
dignify: -ful, a.: -less, a. 

Graxious, a. merciful. 

Grada'tion, n. gradual rise. 

Grade, n. step, degree; degree 
of slope: — v.a. to level, re- 
duce to the proper slope. 

Gra'dient, n. rate of slope. 

Grad'ual, a. regular and slow, i 

Grad'uate, v. to take a degree 
at college; divide into de- 

Sees; regulate: — n. one who 
is graduated: -a'tion, n. 

Graft, v.a. to insert a scion of 
one tree in another: — «. a 
scion for grafting. 

Grain, n. a seed; com; small- 
est weight; particle; fibre. 

Gram, n. the metric unit 
of weight, containing 1543 

Gramin'eotts, a. grassy. 

Graminiv'orotts, a. living on 
grass and herbs. 

Graxn'mar, n. art of speaking 
or writing correctly; book 
to teach this art: gramma'- 
rian, n.: grammatical, a. 

Gram'pus, n. a large fish. 

Gran'ary, n. storehouse for 

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Grand, a. great, magnificent, 
chief: -child, n. child of 
one's son or daughter: 
-father, n. a father's or 
mother's father: -mother, 
n.: -sire, n. grandfather. 

Grandee', n. man of high rank, 

Grand'eur (-yur), n. splendor. 

Grandil'oquence, n. lofty 

Grange (granj), n. fann-house, 

Gran'ite, n. kind of hard rock. 

Graniv'orous, a. eating grain. 

Grant, v.a. to give, bestow: — 
n. anything granted: gran- 
tee', ».: granf or, n. 

Gran'ule, n. a little particle or 
grain: gran'ular, a.: gran'- 
ulate, v.: g^anula'tion, n. 

Grape, n. fruit of the vine. 

Grap'ery, n. place where 
grapes are grown. 

Grape'-fihot, n. shot fired in a 
bunch so as to scatter. 

Graph'ic, a. well-drawn, vivid. 

Graph'ite. n. black lead. 

Graph'opnone, w. a phono- 

Grap'nel, n. a small anchor. 

Grap'ple, v. to seize, lay hold 

of: — n. close fight; a hook. 
. Grasp, v.a. to clasp, clutch: — 
«. grip of the hands. 

Grass, n. common herbage: 
grass'y, a. 

Grate, n. a frame of bars: — 
V. to rub harshly: vex; jar. 

Grate'ftU, a. thankful. 

Grafify, v.a. to indulge, 
please: gratifica'tion, n. 

Gra'tis, ad. for nothing. 

Grafitude, n, thankfulness. 

Gratu'itous, a. free, voluntary, 
without reason or proof. 

Grata'ity, n. a present. 

Graf ulate, v. to congratulate. 

Grave, n. a pit for the dead: — 
V. to carve, engrave: — 0. 
serious, weightv; not acute. 

Grav'el, n. small stones; dis- 
ease of the kidnevs: — vm. 
to -cover with Kravel: -ly, a. 

Gra'ver, n. tool Tor engraving. 

Grav'id, a. heavy, pregnant. 

Grav'itate, v.n. to tend to- 
ward a centre of attraction: 
-a'tion, n. 

Grav'ity, n. force which at- 
tracts, weifijht; seriousness. 

Gra'vy, n. juice of roasted 

Gray, a. ash-colored. 

Gray'beard, n. an old man. 

Graze, v. to feed on or eat 
grass; touch lightly. 

Graz'ier (gra'zhur), n. one 
who pastures cattle. 

Grease (gres), n. animal fat. 

Grease (grez), v. a. to smear 
with grease: greas'y, a. 

Great, a. large, chief, eminent, 
grand: -ness, n. 

Greed'y, a. ravenous, covetous. 

Green, a. of the color of grow- 
ing plants, verdant; fresh, 
unripe: green, n. 

Green'-grocer, n. grocer who 
retails fresh vegetables, &c. 

Green'house, n. a house for 

Green'room, n. retiring room 
for actors. 

Greens, »*. pi. green leaves of 
plants, for food. 

Greet, v.a. to salute: -ing, n. 

Grega'rious, a. going in flocks. 

Grenade', n. small TOmb-shell 
thrown by hand. 

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Grenadier', n. foot-soldier. 

CSrey'hotind (gra'-), n. a tall, 
fleet hound. 

Grid'dle, n. a pan for baking 

Grid'iron (-I-um), n. a grate 
for broiling meat. 

Grief, n. sorrow, pain of mind. 

Grieve, v. to make or be sor- 
rowful; mourn: criev'aiice, 
n.: criev'otis, a. 

Griffin, crif fon, n. a fabled 
animal half lioa^ half eagle. 

Grim, a. fierce, frightful. 

Grimace' (gri-mas'), n. a dis- 
tortion of the face. 

Grimalldn, n. an old cat. 

Grime, n. black dirt: — v. a. to 
sully deeply: gri'my, a. 

Grin, v.n. to set the teeth to- 
gether and withdraw the lipSc 

Grmd (grind), v. to reduce to 
powder; sharpen. 

Grind'stone, n. a circular 
stone to sharpen tools. 

Grip, n. grasp. 

Gripe, v. to grasp tightly, 
pmch: — n. grasp: pi. pains 
m the bowels. 

Grisly (griz'-), a. dreadful. 

Grist, n. com to be groimd. 

Gris'tle (grisi), n. a cartilage: 
^•istay (gnsOI), a. 

Gnt, n. coarse part of meal; 
sand: -ty, a. sandy. 

Griz'zly, a. grayish. 

Groan, n. a moan, sound of 
pain: groan, v.n. 

Groats, hulled oats. 

Gro'cer, n. a dealer in tea, 
sugar, &c.: -y, n. 

Grog, n. spirits and water. 

Groin, n. hollow between the 
bdly and thigh. 

Groom, n. one who tends 
horses; bridegroom. 

Groove, n. a channel cut with 
a tool: v.a. to cut a groove in. 

Grope, v.n. to feel one's way. 

Gross, a. thick, fat. coarse, 
stupid; total: — n. bulk; 12 

Grotesque' (-tesk'), a. fan- 

Grof to, n. a cave, cavern. 

Ground, n. land, earth; foun- 
dation: pi. dregs: — v. to put 
on the ground; run aground. 

Group (grOop), n. a duster, 
crowd: v. to form in groups. 

Grouse (grows), n. a wild fowl. 

Grove, n. a small wood. 

Grov'el (-vl), v.n. to creep low; 
be mean: grov'eller, n. 

Grow (grO), v. to increase, ad- 
vance, become; cultivate. 

Growl, V. to grumble surlily: 
— n. noise of a cross dog, &c. 

Growth, n. development. 

Grub, V. to dig: — n. a worm. 

Grudge, v. to envy; give un- 
willmgly: — n. ill-will, spite. 

Gru'el, n. meal boiled in water. 

Gruff, a. harsh, rough, surly. 

Grum'ble, v.n. to murmur 
with discontent. 

Grunt,». hog's noise: grunt, v. 

Gua'no (gwa'-), n. dung of 

Guarantee' (gJLr-), n. a war- 
rant or surety; one who war- 
rants, also one to whom a 
guarantee is made: — v.a. to 

Guar'antor, n. one who guar- 

Guard, v.a. to protect, shield: 
— n. defence, watch. 

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Guar'dian, n. one who has 
the care of another: -ship, n 

Gubemato'rial (ga-), a. re- 
lating to a governor. 

Gud'geon (-jun), n. a fish; pin 
on which a wheel works. 

Gueril'la (g6r-), n. irregular 
pjetty wamre; one who car- 
ries on such warfare. 

Guess, V. to conjecture, sur- 
mise; — n. a conjecture. 

Guest, n. one entertained by 

Guide, v.a. to direct, lead:— 
n. one who guides: ffuid'- 
ance. n. 

Guild (gild), n. a society. 

Guild'er, n. a Dutch coin 
worth about 40 cents. 

Guile, n. craft, deceit: -ful, 
a.: -less, a. 

Guillotine' (gil-o-tfin'), n. a 
machine for beheading. 

Guilt, n. criminality, punish- 
able conduct: -y, a. 

Guin'ea, n. formerly an Eng- 
lish gold coin, value 215. 

Guise, n. manner, dress. 

Guitar', n. a musical stringed 

Gulf, n. a large bay; an abyss. 

Gull, vui. to cheat, dupe: — n. 
one easily cheated; a sea- 
fowl: gullible, a. 

Gullet, n. throat channel. 

Gully, n. channel made by 

Gulp, VJi. to swallow greedily, 

Gum, n. a hardened juice; 
flesh of the jaws: — vut. to 
smear or unite witli gum. 

Gum-ar'abic, n. a gum from 
a troi)ical tree. 

Gump'tion, n. sagacity. 

Gun, n. a fire-arm, as a mus- 
ket, cannon, &c.r Hier, n.i 
-nery, n.: -powder, ».: 
-shot, n. 

Gun, v.n. to shoot with a gun, 

Gun'wale (gun'el), n. upper 
part of a ship's side. 

Gur'gle, v.n. to flow as water 
does ^om a botde. 

Gush, v.n. to spout out copi- 
ously.- — ». violent outflow. 

Gus'set, «. piece in a shirt, &c. 

Gust, ft. a blast: -y, a. stormy. 

Gust, Stts'to, n. taste, relish. 

Gut, n. intestine. 

Guf ta-per'cha (-per'cha), n, 
a gum like India-rubber. 

Gufter, ft. a water-channel. 

Guf tural, a. formed in the 

Guy (^), ft. a guide-rope fai 
hoistmg or lowering weights. 

Guz'zle, V. to swallow greedily. 

G3rmkha'na (jim-ka'na), n. a 
meeting for athletic sports. 

G]mma'8ium (-zl-um or -zM- 
um), ft. a place for athletic 
exercises: a school. 

Gymnas'tics, ». athletic exer- 
cises: g]rm'nast, ».: g]rm- 
nas'tic, a. 

Gyp'sum (jip'sum), n. sul- 
phate of lime. 

Gyp'sy (jip'sl), n. one of a 
wandenng race. 

Gir'rate (jl'-), v.n. to revolve: 
fyra'tion, ».: gjr'ratory, a. 

Gyve (jfr), «. & vui. fetter. 

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Ha'beas cor'piu, n. a writ to 
bring a pnioner into court 
in order to ieam why he is 

Hab'erdasher, n. a dealer in 
small wares, as ribbons, 
tapes, &c., or in men's fur- 
nishings: nab'erdashery, n. 

Habil'iment, n. a garment. 

Hab'it, n. state; custom, [prac- 
tice; dress: — v.a. to dress. 

Habitable, a. inhabitable. 

Habita'tion* n. dwelling. 

Habif ual, a. customary. 

Habituate, vm. to accustom. 

Hab'itude, n. custom, habit. 

Hack, v.a. to cut clumsily: — 
». a cut; horse or coach, &c., 
for hire; hireling^^— a. hired. 

Hac'kle, n. See Hatchel. 

Hack'ney, n. a horse or coach, 
&c., let for hire. 

Hack'neyed (-nid), a. much 
used, trite. 

Had'dock» n. kind of sea-^h. 

Haft, n. a handle. 

Hag» n. ugly old woman, witch. 

Hag'sara, a. lean, worn. 

Haggle, v.n. to chaffer. 

C^ail, n. frozen rain-drops: — 
v.n. to rain hail: — v. a. to call 
to: — int. a greeting. 

Hair, n. a filament growing 
from the skin: -y, a. 

Hal^berd (h&V-), n. a pole-axe. 

Hal'cyon (-sT-un), n. the king 
fisher: — a. peaceful, happy. 

Hale, a. healthy, robust. 

Half (h£lO, ft- one of two equal 
parts: — a. consbting of half: 
—ad. by half: pi. halves. 

Half -penny (ha'pen-), n. an 
English copper coin: pi, 
hau'-pence (ha'- or hii'-). 

Hal'ibot, n. large sea-fish. 

Hall, n. a large public room 
or building; an entry. 

Hallelu'jah (-ya), n. song of 
praise to God. 

Halloo' (-1560, n. & v. shout. 

Hal'low, v.a. to consecrate. 

Hallucina'tion, n. delusion. 

Halo, n. luminous circle. 

Halt, v.n. to limp; stop: — n. 
limping gait; stop in a march. 

Halfer, n. hangman's rope; 
head-rope to tie a horse. 

Halve (hkv), vui. to divide 
into two equal parts. 

Hal'yarda, ropes to hoist 
or lower a sail. 

Ham, n. thigh, esp. smoked 
thigh of a hog. 

Hames, two bent pieces 
of wood on a horse-coUar. 

Hamlet, n. small village. 

Ham'mer, n. a tool to drive 
nails, &c.: — v. a. to beat or 
shape with a hammer. 

Ham'mock, n. swinging bed. 

Ham'per, n. large basket:— 
v.a. to fetter, impede. 

Ham'string, n. tendon of the 
ham: — v.a. to cut the ham- 
string of. 

Hand, i». palm with the fin- 
gers; index, as of a clock; 
4 inches; a workman: — v.a. 
to give with the hand, con- 
duct: hand'ful, n. 

Hand'bill, n. a printed sheet 
with some announcement. 

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Hand'-book, n. a manual. iHare. n. a small, timid animal. 
Hand'coff, n. a fetter for the Hare-brained, a. reckless. 

wrist: — v.a. to manacle, 

Handicraft, n. manual art. 

Handlnrdiief, n. a cloth to 
wipe the nose, &c. 

Han'dle, v.a. to touch, treat 
of: — ». the part held in the 

Hand'maid, n. maid-servant. 

Hand'some (han'sum), a. 
beautiful, comely; generous. 

Hand'y, a. dexterous; con- 

Hang, V. to suspend or be sus- 
pended; kill bv suspending. 

Hang'er, n. a short sword. 

Hang'man, n. public execu- 

Hank, n. two or more skeins. 

Hank'er, v.n. to long. 

Hi^, n. chance. 

Hap-haz'ard, n. & a. chance. 

Hapleis, a. unlucky. 

Haply, ad. perchance. 

Hap'pen, v.n. to occur. 

Hap'py, a. felicitous, joyous; 
lucky; apt: hap'pily, ad. 

Harangue' (-rang'), ». pomp- 
ous speech: — v. to declaim. 

Har'ass, vm. to weary, vex. 

Har'binger, n. forerunner. 

Harl>or, n. a port or haven: — 
V. to lodge or entertain. 

Hard, a. firm, not soft; diffi- 
cult; unkind, severe: — ad. 
near; forcibly: hard'ship, n. 
severe toil or want: hard'- 
ware, n. wares of iron, &c. 

Hard'en, v. to grow or make 

Har'dihood, n. boldness. 

Har'dy, a. bold, strong, able 
to bear exposure. 

Hare'Up, n. a divided lip like 
that of a hare. 

Ha'rem, n. women's apart- 
ment m Turkey, Szc. 

Haricof (hftr-I-ko'), n. a stew 
of meat and vegetables. 

Hark, v.n. to listen. 

Harlequin, n. a buffoon. 

Harlot, n. a prostitute: -ry, n. 

Harm, «. injury, hurt: — vm. 
to injure, damage. 

Har'mony, n. concord of 
musical tones, agreement: 
ajs. harmonic, harmo'ni- 
ous: har'monize, V. 

Har'ness, n. tacklmg for a 
horse: vm. to put harness on. 

Harp, n. a stringed instru- 
ment: — ns. -er, -ist: -si- 
chord, n. a kind of piano. 

Harpoon', n. a dart to strike 
whales with: harpoon', v. a. 

Har'py, n. a fabled rapacious 
monster; an extortioner. 

Har'rier, n. a kind of hawk. 

Har'row, n. implement to tear 
the soil, &c.: — v. a. Jto break 
with a harrow; harass. 

Har'ry, v.a. to ravage, harass. 

Harsh, a. rough, severe. 

Hart, n. male dfeer, stag. 

Hartsliom, n. a solution of 

Har'vest, n. season for gath- 
ering in grain, &c.; crop 
gathered: — v. a. to reap and 
gather in. ' 

Hash, n. minced meat: — vui. 
to chop fine. 

Hasp, n. cla^ over a staple. 

Has'sock, n. cushion, stool. 

Haste, n. hurry, speed. 

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Has^ten (has'n), v. to hurry, 
Has'ty, a. quick, speedy, rash. 
Hat, n. cover for the head. ' 
Hatch, v.a. to produce from 

eggs: — n. a brood; the cover 

ofa hatchway. 
Hatch'el, n. an instrument to 

comb flax: — v. to comb flax 
Hatch'et, n. a small axe. 
Hatch'way, n. the opening in 

a ship's deck. 
Hate, v.a. to dislike intensely: 

— n. extreme dislike, bitter 

enmity: -ful, a.: ha'tred, n. 
Haugh'ty, a. proud, arrogant. 
Hau^ V. to drag, pull: haul, n. 
Haunch, n. hip. 
Haunt, v.a. to frequent; esp. 

to frequent troublesomely, 

as a ghost: n. place of resort. 
HautSoy (ho'-), «• kind of 

Ha'ven, n. a harbor; asylum. 
Hav'ersack, n. soldier's bag. 
Hav'oc, n. general waste. 
Haw, n. berrj- of hawthorn. 
Hawk, n. a bird of prey: — 

VM. to force up phlegm: — 

v.a. to cry and sell, as goods. 
Haws'er, n. a large rope. 
Haw'thom, n. a shrub for 

Hay, n. grass dried. 

Haz'ard, ». chance, risk, peril 
— v.a. to expose to chance 
or danger: -ous, a. 

Haze, n. fog, mist: ha'zy, a. 

Ha'zel (-zl), n. a shrub bear- 
ing nuts: — a. light brown. 

Head, n. seat of the brain; top, 
front, leader: — v.a. to lead, 
direct; check: -land, n. 
promontory: -long, a. steep, 
precipitate, hasty: -quar'- 

ters, quarters of a 
commander; chief quarters: 
-stall, n. F«trt of a bridle: 
-strong,, a. self-willed. 

Head'y, a. rash, obstinate. 

Heal, V. to cure; grow sound. 

Health, n. freedom from dis- 
ease: -ful, a.: -y, a. 

Heap, n. & v.a. pile. 

Hear, v. to perceive by the ear. 

Hear'ken (har'kn), v. to listen. 

Hear'say, n. report, rumor. 

Hearse (hers), n. carriage for 
the dead. 

Heart, n. organ that circulates 
the blood; mner or vital part; 
feeling, spirit: -bum, n. 
acrid feeling near the heart. 

Hearth (harth), n. place for a 

Heat (het), n. sensation from 
fire, warmth: — v. to make 
or become hot. 

Heath, n. a shrub; a barren 
open coimtry. 

Hea'then (he'/fen), ». & a. 
pagan, barbarian. 

Heatii'er (h«fe'er), n. heath. 

Heave, v. to lift up, throw; 
pant: heave, n. 

Heav'en (hev'n), n. region 
above; abode of the blessed. 

Heav'y (hev'-), a. weighty; 
dejected, dull, oppressive. 

Hebdom'adal, a. weekly. 

Hec'atomb (-tddm), n. a sac- 
rifice of loo oxen or cattle. 

Hec'tic, n. an habitual or re- 
mittent fever: hec'tic, a. 

Hec'tor, v.a. to bully, tease. 

Hedge, n. a fence of shrubs: — 
v.a. to enclose with a hedge. 

Heed, v. a. to mind, attend to: 
—n. care, attention: -ful, a. 

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Heel, n. hind part of the foot: 

— v.n. to lean on one side. 
Hegi'ra (he-ji'-), n. flight of 

Mahomet &om Mecca, July 

i6, 622. 
Heifer (hef'-J, n. young cow. 
Height, n. distance upward, 

high place, summit. 
Heichtren (hit'n), v. to raise. 
Hei'nous (ha'-), a. atrocious. 
Heir (air), n. one who in- 
herits: /ew. heirless. 
Heirloom, n. any personal 

property that descends to 

the heir. 
He'liotrope, n. a plant and its 

sweet-smelling flowers. 
Hell, n. abode of the damned. 
Hellebore, n. medicinal plant. 
Helm, n. the rudder, tiller. 
Hermet, n. armor for the 

Hel'ot, n. a Spartan slave. 
Help, v.a. to aid, remedy, 

serve, prevent: — n. aid: -fill, 

a.: -less, a.: help'mate, n. 

helper, wife. 
Helve, n. handle of an axe. 
Hem, n. border of a garment: 

— v.a. to form a hem on; 

shut in. 
Hemisphere (-i-sfer), n. a 

half-globe: ajs. hemispher'- 

ic, nemispner'ical. 
Hemlock, n. a poisonous 

plant; a large evergreen tree. 
Hem'orrhage, n. a flux of 

Hem'orrhoids, piles. 
Hemp, n. a plant and its 

dressed fibres: hemp'en, a. 
Hence, ad. from this place, 

time, cause, &c.: ads. -forth, 


Hepafic, a. relating to the 

Hep'tagon, n. a seven-sided 
figure: heptag'onal, a. 

Hep'tarchy, ». a government 
by seven rulers. 

Herald, n, an officer who bla- 
zons coats of arms; a pro- 
daimer: — v.a. to p-oclaim: 
-ry, n. art of blazoning 
arms: heral'dic, a. 

Herb (erb), n. plant with a 
soft annual stem: -age, n.: 
herba'ceous, a. 

Herb'al, n. a book on i^nts. 

Herba'rium, n. a collection 
of dried specimens of plants. 

Herbiv'orotts, a. feedmg on 

Herculean, a. very strong or 
difficiJt, huge. 

Herd, «. a drove: — v.n. to run 
in herds. 

Hereditament, n. inheritable 

Hereditary, a. descending by 

Here'siarch, n. chief heretic. 

Her'esy, n. unsound doctrine: 
herpetic, n.: heretical, a. 

Heretofore', ad. formerly. 

Her'itable, a. inheritable. 

Her'itage, n. an inheritance. 

Hermaph'rodite, n. an ani- 
mal or a plant of both sexes. 

Hermefic, hermefical, a. 
air-tight: hermef ically, ad. 

Her'mit, n. one who lives in 
solitude: -age, n. 

Her'nia, n. a rupture. 

He'ro, n. brave man; prind- 

Eal character: heroic, a. 
rave, valiant: /em. her'- 
oine (her'o-In). 

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Her'oism, n. valor. 

Hereon, n. a water-fowi. 

Her'rinK, n. small sea-fish. 

Hes'itate, vm. to stop to con- 
sider, pause: ns. hei'itancy, 

Hespe'rian, a. western. 

Heterodox, a. heretical: -y. n. 

Heteroge'neous, a. of differ- 
ent kinds. 

Hew, v.a. to cut and form. 

Hez^on. n. a six-sided plane 
figure: hezag'onal, a. 

Hezahe'dron, n. a cube. 

Hexam'eter, n. a verse of six 
metrical feet. 

Hia'tus, n. a gap, opening. 

Hil>emate, v.n. to pass the 
winter: niber'nal, a.: hi- 
bema'tion, n. 

Hiber'nian, n. Irishman. 

Hic'cotigh (hik'kup), n. a con- 
vulsive cough: hic'cough,v. 

Hick'ory, n. a tree. 

Hide, V. to conceal or be con- 
cealed: — n. the skin. 

Hid'eous, a. frightful. 

Hie, v.n. to hasten. 

Hi'erarch, n. chief of a sacred 

Hi'erarchy, n. government by 
a priesthood. 

Hi'erogiyph, hieroflyph'ic, 
n. a symbolical character or 
writing: hlerogi3rph'ic, a. 

Hier'opnaiit, n. a priest. 

Hich, a. elevated, lofty, emi 
nent; strong; dear: ad. aloft. 

High'-flown, a. lofty. 

High'-handed, a. overbearing. 

Hi^land, n. a mountainous 
region: -er, n. 

Hign'ness, n. elevation; a title 
of princes, &c. 

ffigh'-priettf n. chief priest. 

Hi^'way, n. public road: 
-man, n. a highway robber. 

Hila'rious, a. very merry, gay: 
hilar'ity, n. 

Hill, n. small mountain: -y, a. 

Hil'lock, n. litde hill. 

Hilt, n. handle of a sword, &c. 

Hind, a. back, behind: — n. fe- 
male of the stag; a peasant. 

Hind'er (hind'&), a, on the 
rear or back skie. 

Hin'der, v.a. to impede, check: 
ns. hin'derance, -drance. 

Hinge, n. joint on which a 
door turns: — v. to turn, hang. 

Hint, V. to suggest, intimate: 
— n. slight mention. 

Hip, n. fleshy part of the thigh. 

Hip'podrome, n. a circus. 

Hip'pogriflf, n. a fabled 
winged horse. 

Hippoph'agy, n. a feeding on 
horses: hippoph'agous, a. 

Hippopof amtis, n. the river- 
horse, an African animal. 

Hire, n. wages, pay: — v.a. to 
engage for pay: -ling, n. 

Hirsute', a. hairy, shaggy. 

Hiss, V. to make a sound like 
5, as a serpent, &c.: hiss, n. 

Histo'rian, n. writer of history. 

Historiog'rapher, n. pro- 
fessed or official historian. 

His'tory, n. narrative of past 
events: ajs. histor'ic, -«L 

Histrion'ic, a. theatrical. 

Hit, V. to strike, touch; suit: 
— H. a stroke; lucky chance. 

Hitch, V. to fasten, catch; 
move by jerks: — n. a jerk; 
catch, halt; knot, nooee. 

Hith'er, ad. to this place: — a. 
nearer: -to, ad. till now. 

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Hive, n. abode of bees: — v. to 

put into hives; store. atten^lholdl 
Hoar, a. white with age or 

Hoard, n. a store laid up:- 

V. to store. 
Hoar'-frost, n. white frost. 
Hoarse, a. having a husky 

Hoar'y, a. ^dute, gray with age. 
Hoax, n. an imposition in 

sport: — v.a. to deceive. 
HoVble, v.n. to walk lamely: 

— n. awkward, limping gait. 
Hobl>y, hob^y-horse, n. a 

nag; child's toy-horse; fav- 
orite pursuit. 
Hobgob'lin, n. an apparition 
Hock, n. joint between the 

knee and fetlock; a Rhenish 

Ho'cus-po'ais, n. juggler's 

Hod, n. trough for bricks, &c. 
Hodge'-podge, n. mixed mess 
Hoe, n. a farm tool: — v. a. to 

dig or weed with a hoe. 
Hog, n. swine: hofr'gish, a. 
H<^sliead (hogzHied), n. 

large cask, 63 gallons wine 

Hoi'den, n. a romping girl. 
Hoist, V. & n. lift. 
Hold, V. to keep] have; con 

tain; bind; contmue; remain 

firm: — n. grasp; what holds; 

interior cavity of a ship. 
Hole, n. cavity, opening. 
Horiday, n. festal day. 
Holland, n. a fine linen. 
Hollands, n. Holland gin. 
Hollo, hollo', int. & n. a shout 

to call attention: v. to shout. 

Hollow, a. excavated, empty: 
(. hole, cavity, low spot: 
.a. to excavate, scoop. 

Hol'ly, n. an evergreen shrub. 

Horiynock,». flowering plant. 

Holm (h5m), n. evergreen oak. 

Horocaust, n. a burnt sacri- 
fice entirely consumed. 

Hol'ster (hal'-), «. a horse- 
man's pistol case. 

Ho'ly. a. morally perfect, sa- 

Horydav, n. a day of religious 

Ho'ly-week, n. the week be- 
fore Easter. 

Hom'age, n. reverence, re- 

Home, n. one's dwelling: — 
a.Si ad. domestic; to one's 
home; close or pointed. 

Home'ly, a. plain, not elegant 
or handsome. 

Home'sick, a. grieved at sep- 
aration from home. 

Home'spun. a. hrn^e-made. 

Home'stead, n. home place; 
house and land. 

Hom'icide, n. the killing of a 
human being; a man-suiyer: 
homicidal, a. 

Hom'ily, n. a serious dis- 

Hom'iny, n. food made of 

Homoeop'athy (h6-m6-op'-), 
n. mode of treatin|[ disease 
by dru|^ which excite symp- 
toms similar to the disease: 
homceopath'ic, a.: homoe- 
op'athist, n. 

Homoge'neal, homoge'ne- 
ous, a. of the same kind. 

Homologous, a. similar. 

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Hone, ». a stone to whet ra- 
zors, &c.: hone, v. a. 

Hon'est (on'-), a. upright, 
true, just, virtuous: hon'- 
esty, n. 

Hon'ey (hun'-), n. sweet sub- 
stance made by bees: hon'- 
eyed, a.: hon'ey-comb, n. 

Hon'eymoon, n. first month 
after marriage. 

Hon'eysuckle, n. woodbine. 

Hon'or (on'-), «. esteem due 
to worth, dignity, reputa- 
tion: — v.a. to render honor 
to: -able, a.: -ary, a. 

Hood, n. a head covering: 
-wink, v.a. to blind, deceive. 

Hoof, n. homy part of a 
beast's foot. 

Hook, n. anything bent so as 
to catch hold: — v. a. to catch 
with a hook I gore. 

Hoop, n. a circular band: — 
v.a. to bind with hoops. 

Hoot, V. to cry as an o^: 
shout of contempt. 

Hop, n. & v.n. leap on one leg: 
— n. a pdant. 

Hope, n. desire united with 
expectation: hope, v.: -ful, 
a.: -less, a. 

Hop'ple, v.a. to tie the feet of. 

Hordie, n. migratory tribe. 

Hore'hotmd, noar'hound, n. 
iJant used for coughs, &c. 

Hori'zon, n. line bounding the 

Horizon'tal, a. parallel to the 
horizon, level. 

Horn, n. hard pointed sub- 
stance on the head of an ox, 
Sic: homed, a. 

Hornliook, n. a primer. 

Hor'net, n. a kind of wasp. 

Hom'pipe, n. a dance; a tune. 

Horn'v, a. of homj callous. 

Hor^ologe, n. a timepiece. 

Hororo^, n. art of making 

Hor'oscope, n. aspect of stars 
at the hour of one's birth. 

Hor'ror, n. excessive fear, ter- 
ror: hor'rible, a.: hor'rid, 
a.: horrific, a.: hor'rify, v. 

Horse, n. quadruped; cavalry. 

Horse'-chestnut, n. a tree 
and its nut. 

Horse'guards, cavalry. 

Horse'Iauch, n. a loud laugh. 

Horse'man, n. one skilled in 
horses: -ship, n. 

Horse'-power, n. strength of 
a horse in draft — 33,000 lbs 
raised i foot in i minute. 

Horse'radish, n. a i^ant and 
its pungent root. 

Horse'shoe, n. shoe for horses: 
horse'shoer. n. 

Hor'tative, hor'tatory, a. 
giving advice, exhortmg. 

Hor'ticulture, n. art of cul- 
tivating gardens: horticult- 
ural, a.: horticult^urist, n 

Hosan'na, n. praise to God. 

Hose, ». stockings; a flexible 

Ho'sier (-zhSr), n. dealer in 
stockings: -y, n. hose. 

Hos'pitable, a. kind to guests. 

Hos'pital, tt. a house for the 
sick, the old, &c. 

Hospitarity, n. liberal enter- 

Host, n. entertainer, innkeep- 
er; an army; the consecrated 
wafer: /em. hosf ess. 

Hos'tage, tf. person left as a 

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Hofi'tiley a. unfriendly. 
Hostil'i^, n. enmity; pi. war. 
Hos'tler (os'ler), n. one who 

has the care of horses. 
Hot, a. having heat, hery. 
Hotlbed, n. a warm bed for 

rearing early plants. 
Hotel', n. inn; mansion. 
Hof -headed, a. violent. 
Hof-house, n. house kept 

warm to rear i^nts. 
Hound, n. dog for the chase. 
Hour (our), n. 24th part of a 

day: time of day: -ly, a. 
Hour-glass, n. glass with 

sand to run an hour. 
Hou'ri (howr^, n. nymph of 

the Mohammedan paradise. 
House, n. a dwelling-place; 

building; family; trading es- 
tablishment, &c. 
House (howz), VM. to shelter, 
Housen>reaker, n. one who 

forcibly enters a house to 

House'hold, n. family in a 

house: -er, «. 
House'keeper, n. one who 

keeps a house. 
House'maid, n. maid-servant 
House'wife, n. mistress of a 

family; a sewing-case: -ry, n. 
Hou8'ing(howz'-) , «. covering. 
Hov'el (h6v'-), n. a shed, hut. 
Hov'er (huv'-), v.n. to hang 

aloft; move about near. 
Howev'er, ad. yet, still. 
How'itzer, n. short cannon to 

throw shells. 
Howl, n. cry of a wolf, dog, 

&c.: howl, v.n. 
Howlet, n. a kind of owl. 
Hoy, n. small coasting vessel. 
Hud, n. nave of a wheel. 

Hub'bub, n. uproar, riot. 
Huck'aback, n. a heavy linen. 
Huck'ster, n. retailer of wares. 
Hud'dle, V. to press together: 

— n. a crowd. 
Hue, n. color; clamor. 
Huff, n. fit of anger: -7, a. 
Hug, v.a. to embrace, clia^: — 

n. close embrace. 
Huge, a. vast, enormous. 
Hulk, n. bodv of an old ship. 
Hull, n. a hu^; body of a ship: 

— v.a. to peel; fire into. 
Hum, V. to sing low, buzz: 

hum, n. 
Hu'man, a. pertaining to man. 
Humane', a. kind, merciful. 
Human'i^, n. the nature of 

man; kindness; mankind. 
Hu'manize, v.a. to render 

Huml)le (or um'bl), a. meek, 

lo\dv: v.a. to make humble. 
Hum'bug, n. an imposition. 
Hum'dnun, a. dull, stupid. 
Hu'mid, a. wet, moist, damp: 

humid'ity, n. 
Humil'iate, v.a. to humble, 

shame: humilia'tion, n. 
Humil'ity, n. meekness. 
Hum'ming-bird, n. a very 

small bird. 
Hu'mor (yu'- or hu'-), n. 

moisture; skin disease; dis- 
position; pleasantry: — v.a. 

to indulge. 
Hu'morist (yu'-), n. one who 

has a playftil fancy. 
Hu'morous (yu'-), a. jocose. 
Hump, n. a protuberance. 
Humpl)ack, nunchl)ack, ». 

a crooked back. 
Htmch, n. a hump, bunch; a 

punch with the elbow. 

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Hun'dred, a. ten times ten. 

Hun'ser (hung^ggr), n. craving 
for food: hxm'gfy, a. 

Hunks, n. a miser. 

Hunt, V. to chase wild ani- 
mals, search for: — n, chase, 

Hunf er, hunts'man, n. one 
who hunts: /em. hunfress. 

Hur'dle, n. a frame of sticks 

Hur'dy-gurdy, n. a musical 

Hurl, vux. to throw violently. 

Hurrah', int. cry of joy. 

Hur'ricane, n. violent storm 
of wind. 

Hur'ry, v. to hasten: n. haste. 

Hurt, v.a. to harm, injure:— 
n. a wound, injury: -ful, a. 

HuslMUid, n. a man married 
to a woman: — v.a. to man- 
age frugally, save: -nuui, n. 
farmer: -ry, n. tiUage; thrift. 

Hush, int. be still. 

Hush, n. & V. silence. 

Husk, n. covering of fruits. 
&c.: — vui. to strip of husks. 

Husk'y, a. hoarse. 


Hus'sy (huz'I), n. worthless 

Hus'tle (husl), V. to iostle, 
push, bestir one's self, hurry, 

Hut, n. a small mean house. 

Huzza', int. noting triumph: 
— n. shout of joy: — v.n. to 
shout with joy. 

Hjr'acinth, n. a flower. 

H3rl>rid, n. mongrel. 

Hjr'dra, n. a fabled many- 
headed water-serpent. 

Hjr'drant, n. discharge-pipe, 
street fountain. 

Hydraul'ics, n. the science of 
the motion of liquids: hy- 
draulic, a. 

Hydrodjmam'ics, n. science 
of the force of water. 

Hy'drogen, n. a gas. 

Hydrog'raphy, n. description 
of watery parts of the earth. 

Hydrom'eter, n. instrument to 
measure the specific gravity 
of liquids: hyarom'etiTr, «. 

Hydrop'athv, n. water-cure: 
hydrop'auidst, n. 

Hydropho'bia, n. canine mad- 

Hydrostafics, n. science of 
fluids at rest: -stafic, a. 

Hye'na, n. tiger-wolL 

Hy'glene (-jJ-en), n. science 
of health. 

Hygrom'eter, n. instrument 
to measure moisture. 

Hy'men, n. god of marriage: 
hymene'al, a. 

Hymn (him), n. religious song. 

Hyper'bola, n. a kind of curve. 

Hyper'bole (-per^jo-le), n. 
exaggeration: ajs. h3rper- 
boric, hyperborical. 

Hyperbo'rean, a. far north. 

Hyp«rcrific, n. a captious 
critic: -al, a.: -crifici8m,fi. 

Hjr'phen, n. a mark [-] joining 
a compound word, &c. 

H3rpnofic, a. prtaining to 
or inducing sleep or hyp- 

Hyp'notism, n. an induced 
sleep-like condition with 
loss of will-power: h3^'- 
notist, n.: h3^'noti7e, v.a. 

Hypochon'dria, n. morbid 
melancholy: hirpochon'dri- 
ac, n. hypochondri'acal, a. 

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Hypoc'risYf n. a feigning to be Hypoth'esis, n. a supposition: 

wiiatoneisnot: hyp'ocrite, 
n.: h]rpocrif leal, a. 

Hypoth'ecate, vm. to pledge 
as security: -a'tion, n. 

Hypoth'enuse, hypof enose, 
n. longest side of a right- 
angled triangle. 

pi. hypotli'eses: ajs. hypo- 
thetic, hypothetical. 

Hy'son (hl'sn), n. a green tea. 

Hys'sop, n. aromatic plant. 

Hyste'ria, hyster'ics, n. ner- 
vous fits peculiar to women: 
hyster'icid* a. 

lam'bic, u. metrical foot of a 
short and a long syllable. 

I'bex, n. a species of goat. 

Ice, n. a frozen fluid: — v. a. to 
turn into ice: -berg, n. huge 
mass of floating ice. 

Ice-cream% ». sweetened 
cream flavored and frozen 

Ichneu'mon (ik-nu'-), n. a 
kind of weasel. 

Tchor (-kor), n. watery humor. 

Ichthyorogy, n. saence of 

Fcicle, n. hanging cone of ice. 

Icon'oclast, n. an image- 
breaker: icon'oclasm, n. 

Ide'a, n. mental image, notion, 

Ide'al, a. mental, unreal: — n. 
model of perfection. 

Ide'alism, n. doctrine that 
matter has no real existence, 
but that objects are ideas. 

Ideal'ity, «. ability to form 
ideals of beauty. 

Iden'tisal, a. same. 

Iden'tify, v.a. to prove 
make to be the same, fix the 
identity of: -fica'tion, n. 

Iden'tity, n. sameness. 

Id'iocy, n. state of an idiot. 

Id'iom, n. expression peculiar 
to a language: -atfic, a. 

Idiosyn'crasy, n. peculiarity 
of a person. 

Id'iot, n. a fool: idiof ic, a. 

Fdle, a. imemployed, lazy:— 
V. to waste; bei(Ue: i'dler,n. 

Fdol, n. image worshipped: 
i'dolize, t;.a. 

Idol'ater, n. a worshipper of 
idob:/em. idolatress, n. 

Idol'atry, n. worship of idols: 
idol'atrotts, a. 

rdyl, n. short pastoral poem. 

Ig'neous, a. pertaining to fire. 

Ig'iiis-fafuus, n. a luminous 
vapor: pi. ig'nes-fafui. 

Ignite', V. to kindle, take fire: 
igni'tion (-nish'un), n. 

Igno'ble, a. low-bom, mean. 

Ignomin'ious, a. disgraceful, 
infamous: ig'nominy, n. 

Ignora'mus, n, a dunce. 

Ignorant, a. without knowl- 
edge: ig'norance, n. 

Ignore', v. a. to disregard. 

m, a. evil, bad; sick: — n. mis- 
fortune: — ad. not well. 

nia'tion, n. inference. 

U'lative, a. that may be in- 

misred, a. uncivil. 

nie'gal, a. not legal: illegal'* 
ity, n. 

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nieg'ible, a. that cannot be 
read: iUegibU'ity, n. 

Illegitimate, a. not legiti- 
mate: illes^f imacy, f>. 

niib'eral, a. stingy, mean. 

niic'it (-lis'it), a. imlawful. 

Blim'itable, a. boundless. 

Illiterate, a. imleamed, ig- 
norant: illiteracy, n. 

Illog'ical, a. not logical. 

ni'-starred, a. unlucky. 

niude', v.a. to deceive. 

Blume', illu'mixie, vm. to 
make luminous, light up. 

niu'minate. v.a. to enlighten, 
light up: illumina'tion, n. 

Blu'sion, ft. false show: iliu'- 
sive, illu'sory, a. deceptive. 

Blus'trate, v.a. to make 
bright, explain; adorn with 
pictures: illustra'tion, n.: 
lUus'trative, a. 

Blus'trious, a. distin^ished 

Im'age, n. statue, likeness: 
-ry, «.: — v.a. to picture. 

Imag'inary, a. not real. 

Imag'ine, v.a. to form an idea 
of, conceive: imag'inable, 
a.: imagina'tion, n.: im- 
ag'inative, a. 

Im^cile, a. weak, feeble in 
mind; imbecirity, n. 

Imbibe', v.a. to drink in. 

Im'bricate, im'bricated, a. 
overlapping as tiles on a 
roof: imbrica'tion, n. 

Imbrue% v. a. to soak. 

Imbue', vui. to tinge deeply. 

Im'itate, v.a. to copy, pattern 
after: imita'tion, n.: im'- 
itative, a.: im'itator, n. 

Immac'ulate, a. spotless. 

Im'maiieat, a. internal, in- 

Immate'rial, a. not bodily; 
unimportant: -al'itjr, n. 

Immature', a. not ripe, im- 
perfect: immatu'rity, n. 

Immeas'urable, a. that can- 
not be measured. 

Imme'diate, a. direct, instan- 
taneous: imme'diately, ad. 

Immemo'rial, a. beyond the 
reach of memory. 

Immense', a. vast, very large: 
immen'sity, n. 

Immerse'. v.a. to sink in fluid; 
absorb: immer'sion, n. 

Im'migrate, v.n. to come to a 
country to reside: im'mi- 
Crant, ».: immigra'tion, n. 

Im'minent, a. threatening. 

Immobil'ity, n. immovable 

Immod'erate, a. excessive. 

Immod'est, a. not modest. 

Im'molate, v.a. to sacrifice. 

Immor'al, a. vidous, wicked: 
immorarity, n. 

Immor'tal, a. exempt from 
death, imperishable: -ize, 
v.a.: immortal'ity, n. 

Immov'able (im-mddv'-), a. 
that cannot be moved. 

Immu'nity, n. privilege. 

Immure', v.a. to imprison. 

Immu'table, a. unchangeable: 
immutabil'ity, n. 

Imp, n. a young devil . 

Im'pact, n. impulse, shock. 

Impair', v.a. to injure. 

Impal'pable, a. not felt by 

Impan'el, v.a. to enroll as 

Imparf, v. a. to give; reveal. 

Impar'tial, a. not partial, fair: 
impartiality (-sM-al'-), ». 

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Impaa'sable, a. that cannot 

be passed. 
Impas'sible, a. incapable of 

feeling: impassibil'ity, n. 
Impas'sion, vm. to move by 

Impas'sive, a. not susceptible 
of pain or feeling. 

Impa'tieiit (-shent), a. uneasy, 
fretful: impa'tieiice, n. 

Impeach', v.a. to cluu-ge pub- 
licly with a crime, accuse. 

Impec'cable, a. not liable to 
sm: impeccabil'ity. n. 

Impede', v.a. to hinder: im- 
ped'iment, ». 

Impel', VM. to drive or urge 
forward: impel'lent, a. & n. 

Impend', v.n. to hcmg over, be 
near: -ent, a. 

Impen'etrable, a. not to be 
penetrated: -bil'ity, «. 

Imper'ative. a. commanding. 

Impercep'tiole, a. not per- 

Imper'fe'ct, a, defective: im- 
perfec'tion, n. 

Impe'rial, a. relating to an 
emperor, royal. 

Impcnr'il, v. a. to put in perfl. 

Impe'rious, a. commanding. 

Imper'ishable, a. everlasting. 

Imper'meable, a. not to be 
passed through: -bil'ity, n. 

Imper'sonal, a. not personal. 

Imper'sonate, v.a. to person- 
ify: impersona'tioii, n. 

Imper'tinent, a. impudent: 
imper'tinence, n, 

Importurb'able, a. not to be 

Imper'viotts, a. impenetrable. 

Impefuous, a. violent, ve 
bement: impetuos'ity, n. 

Im'petus, n. force of a mov- 
ing body. 

Impinge', vm, to strike on. 

Im'pious, a. not ihous, irre- 
ligious, profane: impi'ety, n. 

Impla'cable, a. relentless: im- 
placabil'ity, n. 

Implanf , v.a. to plant. 

Implead', v.a. to prosecute. 

Im'plement, n. tool. 

Im'plicate, v.a. to involve: 
-a'tion, n.: im'plicative, a. 

Implic'it, a. implied; unre- 

Implore', vji. to entreat. 

Imply', t/.a. to involve, mean. 

Impol'icy, n. bad policy. 

Impolite', a. discourteous. 

Impol'itic, a. injudicious. 

Impon'derable, impon'der- 
ous, a. void of weight. 

Imporf, v.a. to bnng from 
abroad; signify: -a'tion, n. 

Im'port, n. thmg imported; 
meaning, importance. 

Impor'tant, a. momentous, 
weighty: impor'tance, n. 

Importune', v.a. to urge un- 
reasonably: impor'tanate, 
a.', importu'nity, n. 

Impose', V. to place on; de- 
lude: imposi'lion, n. 

Impos'ing, a. impressive. 

Impos'sible, a. that cannot 
be: impossibil'ity, n. 

Im'post, fi. tax, duty. 

Impos'tor, n. a pretender. 

Imposf ure, n. cheat, fraud. 

Im'potent, a. weak, incom- 

Impov'erish, v^ to make 
poor: -ment, n. 

Imprac'ticable, a. not to be 
clone: impracticabil'ity, n. 

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Im'precate, vm. to curse: im- 
preca'tion, «i. 

Impres'nable, a. not to be 

Impres'nate, vm. to make 
pregnant; imbue: -a'tion, n. 

Impress', v.a. to stamp, fix 
deeply: force into public ser- 
vice: -ible, a.: -ment, n. 

Im'press, n. mark, stamp. 

Impres'sion, n. stamp; effect; 
notion; edition. 

Impres'sive, a. affecting, sol- 

Impri'mis, ad. first of all. 

Imprinf , v.a. to print. 

Im'print, n. publisher's name, 
place, and date on title-page. 

Impris'on (-priz'n), v.a. to 
put into prison: -ment, n. 

Improb'able, a. unlikely. 

Improb'ity, n. dishonesty. 

Impromp'tu, a. & ad. with 
out forethought, off-hand. 

Improp'er, a. not proper, un 
suitable: impropii'ety, n. 

Improve', v. to make or grow 
better; make good use of. 

Improv'ident, a. wanting fore- 
sight: improv'idence, n. 

Improvise', v. to compose or 
do off-hand: -visa'tion, n. 

Impru'dent, a. indiscreet. 

Im'pudent, a. insolent, saucy. 

Impugn' (-pQn'), v. to gainsay. 

Im'pulse, n. sudden impelling 
force: impul'sion, n. 

Impul'sive, a. impelling, rash. 

Impu'nity, n. exemption from 

Impure', a. not pure, foul, ob- 
scene: impu'rity, n. 

Impute', v.a. to charge upon, 
ascribe: impttta'tion, n. 

Inabil'ity. n. want of ability. 

Inacces'sible, a. not to be 
come at: inaccessibil'ity, n. 

Inac'curate, a. not accurate. 

Inac'tive, a. not active: idle: 
inac'tion, n.: inactiv'ity, n. 

Inad'eaoate. a. not sufficient. 

Inadmis'sible, a. not admis- 

Inadver'tent, a. not attentive, 
careless: inadver'tence, n. 

Imd'ienable (-al'yen-), a. that 
cannot be alienated. 

Inane', a. empty, void: inan- 
i'tion, ».: inan'ity, n. 

Inan'imate, a. void of life. 

Inap'plicable, a. not suitable 
or fit: inapplicabil'ity, n. 

Inap'posite, a. inappropriate. 

Inappre'ciable, a. that cannot 
l)e estimated. 

Inappro'priate, a. unsuitable. 

Inapf , a. unfit: -itude, n. 

Inartic'ulate, a. indistinct. 

Inartifi'clal, a. natural. 

Inatten'tive, a. heedless: in- 
atten'tion, n. 

Inau'dible, a. not to be heard. 

Inau'gurate, vm. to induct 
into office: inauff'ural, a.: 
inaugara'tion, n. 

Inauspl'cious, a. unfavorable. 

Incal'culable, a. beyond cal- 

Incandes'cent, a. white with 

Incanta'tion, n. an enchant- 
ment, magu:al charm. 

Inca'pable, a. incompetent: 
incapabil'ity, n. 

Incapac'itate, vm. to disable: 
incapac'ity, n. 

Incar'cerate, vm. to imprison: 
incarcera'tion, n. 

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Incar'nate, a. clothed with 
flesh: incama'tion, n. 

Incau'tious, a. unwary. 

Incen'diary, n. one who mali- 
ciously bums a house, &c.: 
incen'diarism, n. 

Incense', v.a. to enrage. 

In'cense, n. substance burned 
for perfume. 

Incien'tive, n. incitement, mo- 
tive: — a. inciting. 

Incep'tion, n. a beginning. 

Incep'tive, a. noting begin- 

Inces'sant, a. unceasing. 

In'cest, n. sexual intercourse 
between near relatives. 

Inch, n. twelfth part of a foot. 

In'choate (-k6-at), a. begun 

Incho'ative, a. beginning. 

In'cidence, n. direction i 
which a body falls on any 

In'cident, a. liable to happen; 
falling: — n. casual event: 
incidental, a. 

Incin'erate, v.a. to bum to 

Incip'ient, a. beginning. 

Inci'sion, n. a cut, gash. 

Inci'sive, a. cutting. 

Inci'sor, n. a fore-tooth. 

Incite', v.a. to stir up, rouse 

Incivil'ity, n. impoliteness. 

Inclem'ent, a. stormy, very 
cold: inclem'ency, n. 

Incline', v. to lean, be dis- 
posed: inclina'tion, n. 

Inclose', v.a. to surroimd, shut 
in: inclo'sure, n. 

Incltide', v.a. to comprise, 
contain: inclu'sion, n,: in- 
clu'sive, a. 

Incog'nito, a. & ad. unknown. 

Incohe'rent, a. loose, uncon- 
nected: ns. incohe'rence, 

Incombus'tible, a. that will 
not bum: -bil'ity, n. 

In'come, n. revenue, profit. 

Incommens'ttrable, a. hav- 
ing no common measure. 

Incommode', v.a. to disturb. 

Incom'parable, a. matchless. 

Incompaf ible, a. not agree- 
ing: mcompatibil'ity, n. 

Incom'petent, a. not compe- 
tent, unfit: iacom'petence. 

Incomplete', a. not complete. 

Incomprehen'sible, a. that 
cannot be comprehended: 
incomprehensibil'ity, n. 

Inconceiv'able, a. not to be 
conceived by the mind. 

Inconclu'sive, not conclusive. 

Incon'gruous, a. unsuitable, 
inconsistent: -gru'ity, n. 

Inconsid'erable, a. trifling. 

Incon8id'erate,a. thoughtless. 

Inconsis'tent, a. not consis- 
tent: inconsis'tency, n. 

Inconsolable, a. not to be 

Incon'stant, a. fickle. 

Incontesfable, a. not to be 

Incon'tinent, a. imchaste. 

Incontroverfible, a. indis- 

Inconven'ient, a. not conven- 
ient; inconven'ience, n. 

Incor'porate, v. to form into 
one body: -a'tion, n. 

Incomo'real, a. not material, 

Incorrecf , a. not correct. 

Incor'rigible, a. bad beyond 
reform: incorrigibil'ity, n. 

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Incomipf, a. not corrupt: 
-ible, a.: incomip'tion, n. 

Incras'sate, v. to thicken: in- 
crassa'tion, n. 

Increase', v. to become or 
make greater or more: in'- 
crease or increase', n. 

Incred'ible, a. surpassing be- 
lief: incredibil'ity, n. 

Incred'ulous, a. unbelieving: 
incredu'lity, n. 

In'crement, n. increase. 

Incrusf, v.a. to cover with a 
crust: incrusta'tion, n. 

In'cubate, v.n. to sit on e^^gs 
in order to hatch them: m- 
cuba'tion, n. 

In'cubus, n. nightmare. 

Incul'cate, vm. to impress, 

Incul'pate, v.a. to blame. 

Incum'bency, n. the holding 
of an office. 

Incum'bent, a. imposed as a 
duty: — n. one holding an 

Incur', V. to become liable to. 

Incu'rable, a. not to be cured, 

Incu'rious, a. not curious. 

Incur'sion, n. hostile inroad. 

Incur' vate, v.a. to curve:— a. 
curved inward: -a'tion, n. 

Indebf ed (-def-), a. in debt 

Inde'cent, a. imbecoming, im- 
modest: inde'cency, n. 

Indeci'sion (-sizh'un), n. want 
of decision: indeci'sive, a. 

Indec'orous, a. violating pro- 
priety: indeco'rum, n. 

Indefaf igable, a. tireless. 

Indefea'sible (de-fg'zi-bl), a. 
not to be made void. 

Indefen'sible, a. that cannot 
be defended. 

Indefi'iiable, a. not definable. 

Indefinite, a. not definite. 

Indel'ible, a. that cannot be 
blotted out, permanent. 

Indel'icate, a. coarse, vulgar: 
indel'icacy, n. 

Indem'nify, v.a. to secure 
against loss: indemnifica'- 
tion, n.: indem'nity, n. 

Indent', n. & v.a. notch in the 
margin: indenta'tion, n. 

Indenfure, n. written con- 

Indepen'dent, a. not depend- 
ent, free: indepen'dence, n. 

Indescri'bable, a. that can- 
not be described. 

Indestrucf ible, a. that can- 
not be destroyed. 

Indeter'minable, a. not to be 
defined or fixed. 

Indeter'minate, a. not de- 

In'dez, n. a pointer; a table of 
contents: pi. in'dexes or in'- 
dices (-di-sez). 

Ind'ian (ind'yan), n. a native 
of the Indies; an American 
aboriginal: Ind'ian, a. 

Ind'ia-rub'ber, n. caoutchouc. 

In'dicate, v.a. to show, point 
out: indica'tion, n.: indie'- 
ative, a.: in'dicator, n. 

Indicf (-dif), v.a. to accuse 
in le^ form: -able, a.: 
-ment, n. 

Indic'tion, n. cycle of is years. 

Indifferent, a. neutral, im- 
partial, unconcerned; pass- 
able: indifference, n. 

In'digence, n. poverty. 

Indigenous (-dii'e-nus), a. 
native to a country. 

In'digent, a. poor, needy. 

Digitized by Google 


Indiges'tible, a. that cannot 
be digested: iiidiges'tion,n. 

Indigna'tion, n. scornful an- 
ger: indig'iiant» a. 

Indignity, n. insult, slight. 

In'digo, n. a blue dye from 
the stalk of an Indisui plant. 

Indirecf , a. not direct. 

Indi8ceni'ible,not discernible. 

Indiscreef, a. imprudent: in- 
discre'tion (-kresh'un), n. 

Indiscrim'inate, a. without 
discrimination, confused. 

Indis^en'sable, a. necessary. 

Indispose', v. a. to disincline. 

Indisposed', a. disinclined; 
out of health; -posi'tion, n. 

Indis'putable, a. beyond dis- 

Indis'soluble, a. that cannot 
be dissolved or destroyed. 

Indistincf, a. not distinct. 

Indite', v. a. to compose, write. 

Indivia'ual,a. one only, single: 
— n. one person or thmg: 
-ize, v.a. to distinguish. 

Individual'ity, n. personality, 
distinctive character. 

Indivis'ible, a. that cannot be 

Indoc'ile (-dos'il), a. unteach 
able: indocil'ity, n. 

Indoc'trinate, v.a. to imbue 
with any opinion. 

In'dolent, a. lazy: -ence, n. 

Indom'itable, a. invincible. 

Indorse', v.a. to write on the 
back of, as a bill; sanction 
-ment, ».: indonKer, n. 

Indorsee', n. one to whom a 
bai or note is indorsed. 

Indu'bitable, a. beyond doubt 

Induce', v.a. to persuade, lead, 
cause: -ment, ». 

Induct', v.a. to put inta office. 

Induc'tion, n. introduction; 
reasoning from particulars 
to generals: induc'tive, a. 

Indu^ce', v. to humor, gratify. 

Indul'gent, a. yielding, gentle, 
not severe, compliant, not 
restraining: indurgence, n. 

In'durate, v. to harden: in- 
dura'tion, n. 

Indus'trial, a. relating to in- 
dustry, performed by man- 
ual labor. 

Indus'trious, a. diligent, la- 
borious: in'dustry, n. 

Ine'briate, v.a. to mtoxicate, 
drunk: — ». dnmkard: 
)n, n.: inebri'ety, n. 

h Ue, a. unspeakable. 

I] e'able, a. not to be 


I] 'tive, a. inefficient. 

h f ual, a. without effect. 

I'cious, a. not able to 
produce an effect: inef'fi- 
cacy, n. 

Ineffi'cient (-fish'ent), a. not 
efficient, weak: -ciency, n. 

Inel'egant, a. not elegant. 

Inerigible, a. that cannot be 
chosen, disqualified. 

Ineqtiarity, n. want of 

Ineq'uitable, a. unjust. 

Inerf. a. inactive, sluggish. 

Iner'tia (in-gr'sM-a), «. prop- 
erty of continuing in the 
same state of motion or rest. 

Ines'timable, a. above price. 

Inev'itable, a. unavoidable. 

Inezcu'sable, a. not to be 

Inezhausfible, a. that can- 
not be exhausted. 

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Inez'orable, a. not to be 

moved by entreaty. 
Inezpe'dient, a. not expedient. 
Inezpe'rience, n. want of 

Inez'piable, a. not to be 

atoned "for. 
Inez'plicable, a. not able to 

be explained. 
Inezpress'ible, a. not able to 

be expressed. 
Ineztin'guishable, a. that 

cannot be extinguished. 
Inez'tricable, a. that cannot 

be disentangled. 
Infal'iible, a. unerring, cer- 
tain: infallibil'ity, n. 
In'famous, a. notoriously bad 

CH" disgraceful: in'famy, n. 
In'fancy, n. childhood. 
In'fant, n. a babe: ajs. in'- 

fantile (-11), in'fantine (-in). 
Infan'ticide, n. the murder or 

murderer of an infant. 
In'fantry, n. foot-soldiers. 
Infaf tiate, v.a. to strike with 

folly: infatua'tion, n. 
Infea'sible (-fe'z!-bl), a. that 

cannot be done. 
Infecf , v.a. to taint, esp. with 

disease: infec'tion, n.: in- 

fec'tious, a.: infec'tive, a. 
Infelic'itous (-fe-lis'-), a. not 

happy: infelic'ity, n. 
Infer', v.a. to deduce as a con- 
sequence: inferrable, a.: in'- 

ference, n.: inferen'tial, a. 
Infe'rior, a. lower in rank, 

worth, &c.: — n. one lower, 

&c.: inferior'ity, n. 
Infer^nal, a. hellish. 
Infesf, v.a. to plague, molest. 
In'fidel, a. unbelieving: — n. 

unbeliever: infidel'ity, n. 

Infiltrate, v. to enter by the 
pores: infiltra'tion, n. 

In'finite, a. without limit, 
boundless: ns. infinitude, 

Infinites'imal, a. inconceiv- 
ably small. 

Infirm', a. not firm or strong, 
feeble, sickly: infirm'ity, n. 

Infirm'ary, n. hospital for the 

Infiz^, v.a. to fix in. 

Inflame', v.a. to set on fire, 
excite, incense: inflam'ma- 
ble, a.: inflamma'tion, n.: 
infiam'matory, a. 

Inflate', v.a. to puff up, swell. 

Inflafed, a. swollen, unduly 
increased, raised beyond the 
just value: infla'tion, n. 

Inflecf , v.a. to bend, modu- 
late, vary: inflec'tion, n. 

Infiez'ible, a. that cannot be 
bent: inflezibil'ity, n. 

Inflicf , v.a. to lay on, impose: 
inflic'tion, n. 

Inflores'cence, n. mode of 
bearing flowers. 

In'fluence, n. directing power, 
authority: — v.a. to afifect, 
sway: influen'tial (-shal), a. 

Influen'za, n. epidemic ca- 

In'fluz, n. a flowing in. 

Inform', v. to impart knowl- 
edge to: -a'tion, n.: -ant, n. 

Infor'mal, a. not in regular 
form: informal'ity, n. 

Infrac'tion, n, a breaking, 

Infran'gible, a. not to be 

Infre'quent, a. not frequent, 
unconmion: -qtiency, n. 

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Infringe', v. to violate, break; 

encroach: -ment, n. 
Infu'riate, vm. to enntge. 
Infuse', v.a. to pour in, instil, 

steep in liquid: infu'8ion,» 
Infu'sible, a. that cannot be 

melted: infusibil'ity, n. 
Ingen'ious (-jen'yus), a. good 

at inventing: ingenu'ity, n. 
Ingen'uous, a. open, frank. 
Inglc'rious, a. shameful. 
In'got, n. a bar or mass of 

gold or silver, &c. 
Ingraff , v. to naft in; insert. 
Ingrain', v. to dye in the grain. 
Ingrate', n. one imgratetul. 
Ingra'tiate (-shl-it), v.a. to 

put one's self into favor. 
Ingraf itude, unthankfulness. 
Ingre'dient, n. element, part. 
In^ess, n. entrance. 
In'guinal, a. of the groin. 
Ingulf, v.a. to swaUow up as 

in ajrulf. 
Inhab'it, v. to dwell in, live: 

-able, a.: -ant, n. 
Inhale', v.a. to draw into the 

limgs: inhala'tion, n. 
Inliar]iio'nious,a. discordant. 
Inhere', v.n. to exist firmly in 

a thing: ns. inhe'rence, in- 

he'rency: inhe'rent, a. 
Inher'it (in-hftr'-), vm. to take 

or receive as heir: -able, a.: 

-ance, n.: -or, n. 
InhiVit, v.a. to prohibit, 

check: inhibi'tion. n. 
Inhos'pitable, a. not hospit- 
able: inhospital'itv, n. 
Inhu'man, a. brutal, cruel: 

inhuman'ity, n. 
Inhume', v.a. to bury: inhu- 

ma'tion, n. 
Inim'ical, a. not frien^y. 

Inim'itable, a. not to be 

Inlq'uitous (-ik'wi-tus), a. un- 
just, wicked: iniq'uitjr, n. 

Ini'tial (-ish'al), a. beginning, 
first: H. first letter of a word. 

Ini'tiate (-ish'J-), v.a. to in- 
troduce mto a new state or 
society: initia'tion, n.: ini'- 
tiatory, a. 

Iniecf , v.a. to throw in: in- 
jec'tion, n. 

Injudi'cious, a. imprudent. 

Injunc'tion, n. an order. 

In' jure, v. a. to hurt, wrong: 
in' jury, n.: iniu'rious, a. 

Inius'tice, n. foul play, wrong. 

Ink, n. a fluid for writing, &c.: 
-stand, n.: -y, a. black. 

Ink'ling, n. hint, whisper. 

In'land, a. far from the sea. 

Inlay', v.a. to diversify by 
pieces inserted. 

In'let, n. entrance. 

In'mate, n. a lodger. 

In'most, a. deepest within. 

Inn, n. tavern, hotel. 

Innate', a. inborn. 

In'ner, a. further in, interior. 

In'ninp;, n. turn for using the 
bat m baseball, cricket, &c. 

In'nocent, a. free from guUt, 
pure: in'nocence, n. 

Innoc'uous, a. not hurtful. 

In'novate, v. to change by 
bringing in something new: 
-a'tlon, n.: in'novator, n. 

Innoz'ious, a. harmless. 

Iniraen'do, n. a side hint, an 
indirect intimation. 

Innu'merable, a. numberless. 

Inoc'ttlate, v.a. to insert virus 
in: inocula'tion, n. 

Ino'dorous, a. without scent. 

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Inoffen'sive, a. giving no 

Inop'erative, a. not working. 
Inopportune', a. untimely. 
Inor'dinate, a. excessive. 
Inorgan'ic, a. not organic. 
Inotxulate, v. to unite, as 

mouths: inoscula'tion, n. 
In'quest, n. judicial inquiry. 
Inqui'etude, n. disauiet. 
Inquire', v. to ask about, 

search for: inqui'ry, n. 
Inquisi'tion (kwi-zish'un), n. 

judicial inquiry; a court to 

punish heretics: -al, a.: in- 

quis'itor, n.: -to'rial, a. 
Inquisitive, a. apt to inquiro, 

prying, curious to find out. 
In'roac^ n. incursion. 
Insalu'brious, a. unhealthful: 

insalu'brity, n. 
Insane', a. mad: insan'ity, n. 
Insa'tiable, insa'tiate (in-sa'- 

shl a. very greedy. 
Inscn^a', v.a. to write on or 

engrave, address: inscrip'- 

tion, n. 
Inscru'table, a. unsearchable. 
In'sect, n. a small animal: 

-iv'orous, a. eating insects. 
Insecure', a. not secure. 
Insen'sate, a. stupid. 
Insen'sible, a. void of feeling, 

dull: imperceptible. 
Insep'arable, a. not separable. 
Inserf, v.a. to set in, infix 

inser'tion, n. 
Insid'ious, a. lying in wait,sly. 
In'sight, n. deep view. 
Insig'nia, n. pi. official badges. 
Insignificant, a. unimpor- 
tant, paltry: -ance, n. 
Insincere', a. not sincere, 

deceitful: insincer'ity, n. 

Insin'uate, v. to introduce 
gently or artfully, hint: in> 
sinua'tion, n. 

Insip'id, a. tasteless, flat: in- 
sipid'ity, n. 

Insisf , v.n. to persist, press. 

Insnare', vui. to entrap. 

Insobri'ety, n. intemperance. 

In'solent, a. haughty, insult- 
ing, rude: in'solence, n. 

Insol'uble, a. not soluble. 

Insol'vent, a. not able to pay 
one's debts: insol'vency, n. 

Inspecf, vui. to look mto, 
examine; inspec'tion, n.: 
inspecf or, n. 

Inspire', v. to breathe into; 
inhale; animate: inspira'- 
tion, n. 

Inspir'it, vui. to animate. 

Ins^is'sate, v.a. to thicken, as 
fluids: inspissa'tion, n. 

Instabil'ity, n. want of stabil- 

Install' (-stawl'), vm. to place 
in office, &c.: installa'tion. 

Instal'ment (-stawl'-)* n. in- 
stallation; a part paid. 

In'stance, ». solicitation: oc- 
currence; example: — v. to 
give an examine. 

In'stant, a. immediate, pres- 
ent: — n. a moment. 

Instanta'neous, a. done in an 

Instan'ter, ad. instantly. 

Instate', v.a. to put in a state 
or place. 

Instead', ad. in the place. 

In'step, «. upper part of foot. 

In'stigate, v. a. to urge to do: 
-a'tion, n.: in'stigator, n. 

Instil', v.a. to infuse slowly: 
instilla'tion, n. 

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In'stinct, H. a natural im- 
pulse or faculty in animals: 
mstincfive, a. 

In'stitute, vui. to establish:— 
n. something established: 
institu'tioii, n. 

Instrucf , v.a. to teach, in- 
form: -ive, a.: -or, n.: 
-ress, n.: instruc'tion, n. 

In'strument, n. tool or ma- 
chine; means; written con- 
tract: instrumental, a.: 
instrumentality, n. 

Insubor'dinate, a. disobedi- 
ent: insubordina'tion, n. 

Insufferable, a. intolerable. 

Insuffi'cient (-Ash'ent), a. de- 
ficient: insuffi'ciency, n. 

In'sular, a. belonging to an 
island: insular'i^, n. 

In'sulate, v.a. to disconnect, 
isolate: insula'tion, n. 

Insulf , v.a. to treat with in- 
solence: -ing, a.: in'sult, n. 

Insu'perable, a. not to be 

Insupportable, a. insuffer- 

Insure', v.a. to secure against 

loss: insur'ance, n. 
Insur'gent, a. resisting the 

law, rebellious: — n. a rebel. 
Insurmountable, a. not to 

be overcome. 
Insurrec'tion, n. a rising, re- 
bellion: -ary, a. 
Intacf, a. untouched. 
Intaglio (tal'yo), n. gem with 

the design cut into it, the 

reverse of a cameo. 
Intan'gible, a. not felt bv 

In'teger, n. a whole. 
In'tegral, a. & n. whole. 

In'tegrant, a. making part of 
a whole. 

In'tegrate,v.a. to make whole. 

Integ'rity, n. honesty. 

Integ'ument, n. natural cov- 

In'tellect. n. the mind. 

Intellec'tion, n. apprehension. 

Intellecfual, a. mental. 

Interiigent, a. knowing, well 
informed: interiigence, n. 

Intelligible, a. that may be 
understood, i^aln. 

Intem'perance, n. excess of 
any kind: intem'perate, a. 

Intend', v.a. to purpose. 

Intend'ant, n. sui>erintendent. 

Intense', a. strained, exces- 
sive, ardent: inten'sify, 
v.a.: inten'sity, n.: inten'- 
sive, a. 

Intent?, a. closely fixed, eager: 
— n. purpose, design. 

Inten'tion, n. design, purpose, 
end: -al, a. 

Inter' (-tgr'), v.a. to bury. 

Inter'calate, v.a. to insert 
between: inter'calary, a.: 
intercala'tion, n. 

Intercede', v.n. to mediate, 
plead for: interces'sion, 
n.: interces'sor, n.: inter- 
ces'sory, a. 

Intercept', v.a. to stop and 
seize on the way: intercep'- 
tiop, n. 

Interchange', v. to exchange 
mutually: in'terchange, n.: 
interchange'able, a. 

Intercolo'nial, a. between 

Intercos'tal, a. between ribs. 

In'tercourse, n. communica- 

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Interdicf, v.a. to prohibit: 
in'terdict, n.: -dic^tion, n. 

In'terest, v.a. to concern, af- 
fect: — n. concern, benefit, 
share; premium for the use 
of money. 

In'terested, a. liable to be 
affected, having an interest. 

Interfere', v.n. to interpose, 
clash: interfer'ence, n. 

Interfused', a. poured be- 

In'terim, ». intervening time. 

InWriot, a. internal, inner:— 
n. part within. 

Inter ja'cent, a. lying between. 

Interjec'tion, n. a word to 
express emotion, &c. 

Interlace', v. a. to intertwine. 

Interlard', v.a. to intermingle. 

Interleave', v.a. to insert 
leaves between. 

Interline', v.a. to write be- 
tween the lines of: ajs. 
interlin'eal, interlin'ear: 
interlinea'tion, n. 

Interloc'utor, n. a speaker in 
dialogue: interloc'utory, a. 

Interlope', v.n. to intrude. 

In'terlude, n. short piece 
played between main parts. 

Intermar'ry, v.n. to marry, as 
two families: -mar'riage, n. 

Intermed'dle, v.n. to inter- 
fere improperly. 

Interme'dial, interme'diate, 
a. intervening. 

Inter'ment. n. burial. 

Inter'minable, a. without end 

Intermin'gle, v. to mingle to- 

Intermit', v. to cease or cause 
to cease for a time: -tent, a. 
intermis'sion, n. 

Inter'nal, a. inward, interior. 

Intema'uonal (-nash'un-al), 

I a. between nations. 

Internun'cio (-she-d), n, an 
envoy ol the I- ope. 

Inter'i>olate, v.a. to insert, as 
spurious words: interpola'- 
tion, n.: inter'pclator, n. 

Interpose', v. to place or 
come between, interfere: in- 
terposi'tion (-zish'un), n. 

Inter'pret, v. a. to explain, 
translate: -a'tion, n. 

Interrcg'num, n. time in 
which a throne is vacant. 

Inter'rogate, v. a. to put 
questions to: interroga'- 
tion, ».: intcrrog'ative, a.: 
inter'rogator, «.: inter- 
rog'atory, a.&n. 

Interrupt', v. a. to stop by 
breakmg in upon: inter- 
rup'tion, n. 

Intersect', v. to cut or cross 
mutually: intersec'tion, n. 

Intersperse', v.a. to scatter 
amon^: intcrsper'sion, n. 

In'terstice or ioter'stice, n. 
space between things: int^- 
sti'tial, a. 

Intertwine', v.a. to twine 

In'terval, n. space between. 

Intervene', v.n. to come be- 
tween: intcrvcn'tion, n. 

In'terview, n. a mec tmg. 

Interweave', v.a. to weave 

Intes'tate, a. & n. dying with- 
out making a will. 

Intes'tine, a. internal, do- 

Intes'tines (-tinz). n. pi. bow- 

i els, guts: intes'tinal, a. 

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In'timate, a. close, familiar: 
— n. a familiar friend: in'ti- 
macy, n. 

In'timate, v.a. to hint, suggest: 
intima'tion, n. 

Intim'idate, vxl. to make 
timid: intimida'tion, n. 

Intorerable, a. insufferable. 

Intorerant, a. not tolenait, 
persecuting: iiitoli'«ltuice,n. 

Intona'tion» w. manner of 
somutiof; tone. 

latMC^cate, v.a. to make 
drunk: intoxica'tion, n. 


Intran'sitive, a. noting an 
action which does not haw 
an obiect. 

Intrencn', v. to fortify; en- 
croach: -ment, n. 

Intrep'id, a. fearless, daring, 
brave: intrepidity, n. 

In'tricate, a. complicated, ob- 
scure: in'tricacy, n. 

Intrigue' (-trgg'), n. secret 
I^ot; amour: — v.n. to scheme 
and plot secretly. 

Intrin'sic, a. inherent, real. 

Introduce', v.a. to lead in, 
make known: introduc'- 
tion, n.: introduc'tory, a 

Introspec'tion, n. a looking 

Introverf, v.a. to turn in- 
ward: introver'sion, n. 

Intrude', v. to thrust in, enter 
where one is not welcome: 
intru'sion, n.: intru'sive, a. 

Intrust, v.a. to deliver in trust. 

Intu'itive, a. seen immedi- 
ately by the mind: intui'- 
tion, n. 

Intumes'cent, a. swelling: in- 
tumes'cence, n. 

Intwine', v.a, to twist to- 

Inun'date, v.a. to overflow: 
inunda'tion, n. 

Inure' (-yOr), v.a. toaamstom. 

Inutil'ity, n^ aselessness. 

Invade', v.a. to enter as an 

ly, attack. 

Inval'ia, a. void, of no force: 
-ate, v.a.'. invalid'ity, n. 

In'valid, a. infirm, sick: — ». 
one infirm or sickly. 

Inval'tiable, a. very valuable. 

Inva'riable, a. unchangeable. 

Inva'sion, n. hostile entrance, 
attack: inva'sive, a. 

Invec'tive, n. verbal attack. 

Inveigfa' (-va), v. to rail, abuse. 

Invei'gle (-ve'gl), v.a. to en- 
tice, wheedle: -ment, n, 

Invenf , v.a. to contrive, de- 
vise: inven'tion, n.: in- 
ven'tivc, a.: invenf or, n. 

In'ventory, n. list of goods, &c. 

Inverse', a. in the contrary 
order: inver'sion, n. 

Inverf , v.a. to turn upside 
down, reverse. 

Inverfebral, inverfebrate, 
a. without a backbone. 

Invesf, v.a. to clothe; sur- 
round; lay out, a^ money: 
-ment, n. 

Inves'tigate, v.a. to search 
into: investiga'tion, n.: in- 
ves'tigator, n. 

Inves'titure, n. a putting in 

Inveferate, a. old, firmly 
established: invef eracy, n. 

Invid'ious, a. exciting ill-will. 

Inwg'orate, v.a .to strengthen. 

Invin'cibl'e, a. not to be over- 

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Invi'olable, a. not to be vio- 
lated, sacred: invi'olate, a. 

Invis'iDle, a. that cannot be 
seen: invisibility, n. 

Invite', v.a. to request, ask to 
come: invita'tion, n. 

Invifing, a. alluring. 

In'vocate, v.a. to call on 
solemnly: invoca'tion, n. 

In'voice, n. list of goods, with 
prices, &c. 

Invoke^ v. to pray to, im- 

Invoruntary* a. against or 
without the will. 

Involve', v.a. to envelop, in- 

Invulnerable, a. that cannot 
be wounded. 

Inweave', v.n. to weave in. 

Inwrap' (-rap'), v.a. to infold. 

Inwrougfaf , a. worked in. 

I'odine (-din), n. chemical sub- 
stance from sea-weed ashes. 

lo'ta, n. jot. particle. 

Ipecacuan'na (-an'a), n. a 
plant of Brazil with a 
medicinal root. 

Iras'cible, a. prone to anger. 

I'rate, a. angry. 

Ire, ft. anger, rage: -ful, a. 

Irides'cent, a. colored like 
the rainbow: -cence, n. 

I'ris, «. rainbow; circle round 
the pupil of the eye. 

Irk'some, a. tedious. 

Ir'on (I'um), n. the common- 
est of metals; an implement 
made of it: — v. a. to smooth 
with an iron. 

I'ronjr (I'nin-I), n. speech in 
which the meaning is con- 
trary to the words: iron'ical 
(I-ron'-), a. 

Lra'diance, n. beams of light. 

Irra'diate, v. to shine upon, 
light up: irradia'tion, n. 

Irra'tioxial (-rash'un-), a. 
contrarv to reason, absurd. 

Irreconcu'able (-sil'a-bl), a. 
that cannot be reconciled. 

Irrecov'erable (-kuv'-), a. 
that cannot be recovered. 

Irredeem'able, a. not to be 

Irrefragable, a. indispuUble. 

Irrefu'table (or Ir-ref'->, a. 
that cannot be proved false. 

Irreg'ular, a. not regular. 

IrrePative, a. not relative. 

Irrel'evant, a. not applicable. 

Irrelis'ious, a. not pious. 

Irreme'diable, a. not to be 

Irrep'arable, a. that cannot 
be repaired. 

Irrepress'ible, a. that cannot 
be repressed. 

Irreproach'able, a. blameless. 

Irresisf ible, a. that cannot 
be successfully resisted. 

Irres'olute, a. not firm in pur- 
pose: irresolu'tion, n. 

Irrespec'tive, a. regardless. 

Irrespon'sible, a. not respon- 

Irretriev'able (-re-trev'), a, 
not to be recovered. 

Irrev'erent, a. not reverent, 
impious: irrev'erence, n. 

Irrevers'ible, a. unchange- 

Irrev'ocable, a. that cannot 
be recalled. 

Ir'rigate, v.a. to water, as 
lands: irriga'tion, n. 

Ir'ritable, a. easily irritated: 
irritabU'ity, n. 

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^ritate, v.a. to provoke, 
excite: ir'ritant, n.: irrita'- 
tion» n. 

Irrup'tion, n. a bursting in:| 
irrup'tive, a. 

I'singlass, n. fish-glue; mica. 

Isrand (iKand), isle (il), nJ 
land surrounaed by water. I 

Isl'et (il'et), n. a little isle. 

Isoch'ronal (-sok'O, isoch'- 
ronotis, a. equal in time. 

Is'olate (iz'o-lat), v.a. to place 
by itself; isola'tion, n. 

Isomef rical, a. having equal- 
ity of measure. 

Isos'celes (-lez), a. having 
two equal sides, as a triangle. 

Isother'mal, a. of equal heat. 

Is'sut (ish'shu), V. to flow or 

I come out, send out: — ». a 
going or sending out; off- 
spring; result. 

Ism'mus (ist'mus), n. neck of 
land joiaing larger lands. 

Ital'ic, a. relating to italics, or 

I sloping types: ital'icize, v. 

Itch, n. a skin disease: — v.n. 
to feel irritation in the skin. 

Ftem, oJ.also: n. single thing. 

Itin'erant (i-tin'-), itin'erary, 
a. travelling about; wander- 
ing: itin'erate, v.n, 

Itin'erary, n. journal or plan 
of travel; guide-book. 

Fvory, n. tusk of an elephant. 

I'vy, n. a creeping plant. 

Jablber, v. to speak rapidly 
and indistinctly. 

Ja'cinth, n. hyacinth. 

Jack, n. name of various ma- 
chines; a flag. 

Jack'al (-awl), n. a species of 
wild dog. 

Jack'axiapes, n. an ape; fop. 

Jack'ass, n. male ass; a dolt. 

Jack'daw, n. a kind of crow. 

jack'et, n. a short coat. 

Jack'-lmife, n. pocket-knife. 

Jac'obin, n. a radical revo- 
lutionist: -ism, n. 

Jade, v.a. to tire: — n. a worth- 
less horse; a hussy. 

Jac» n. notch, ragged point; 
small load: — v.a. to notch. 

Tacuar', n. American tiger. 

Tau, n. a prison: -er, n. 

Jakes, n. a privy. 

jal'ap, n. a purgative root. 

Jam, u. a conserve: — v.a. to 
squeeze tight. 

Jamb (jam), «. side-piece of 
a fireplace, &c. 

Jan'gle, v. to sound discord- 
antly; wrangle: jan'gle, n. 

Jan'itor, n. door-keeper. 

Jan'tiary, n. the first month. 

Japan', n. a kind of varnish: — 
v.a. to varnish. 

Jar, v. to clash; shake:— n. a 
jarring; wide-mouthed vessel, 
'ar'gon, n. confused talk, 
as'mine, n. a plant, 
as'per, n. a stone. 
aun'dice (jan'dis), n. a dis- 
ease producing a yellow skin. 

Jaunt (jant), v.n. to ramble;— 
M. a trip. 

Javelin (javOin), n. a spear. 

Jaw, n. bone in which the 
teeth are set: — v. to scold. 

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Jay, n. bird with gajr idumage. 
Jeal'ous, a. suspicious of a 
rival: jeal'ousy, n. 

Iean, n. a twilled cotton cloth. 
eer, v. to scofif: — n. a taunt, 
eho'vah, n. God. 
emne'» a. barren, empty, 
ei'ly, n. juice of fruit boiled 
with sugar until almost solid. 

Ten'ny, n. spinning machine. 

Jeop'ardy (iep'-), n. hazard, 
danger: jeop'ard, jeop'- 
ardlze, v.a. 

Teremi'ade, n. a lament. 

Jerkj v.a. to tlurow with a 
quick effort, twitch. 

Ter'kin, n. a jacket. 

Jes'samine, n. jasmine. 

Test, n. & v.n. sport, joke. 

jet, «. a black fossil; a spout- 
ing stream: — v. to shoot out, 

Jew'el, n. a precious itone^ 
gem: — v. a. to adorn with 
jeweh: jcw'eller, n. 

Jew'ellery, jew'elry, n. jew- 
els in general. 

Jews'-harp, n. a small mu- 
sical instrument. 

Tib, n. foremost sail of a ship. 

Tig, n. a quick tune or dance. 

Jifl^ n. a flirt, coquette: — v.a. 
to deceive in love. 

Jin'gle, H. sharp metallic 
sound: — v. to tinkle, chink. 

Jiu-jif Ml (jQ), n. a Japanese 
system of wrestling, &c. 

Job. n. piece of work. 

Jocrey, n. a horse-dealer, 
groom, rider of a race-horse: 
— VM. to cheat. 

Jocose', a. merry, humorous, 
oc'ular, a. sportive, merry: 
joctilar'ity, n. 
Joc'und, a. merry, gay. 

Jog, V. to shake gendy, move 
slowly: — n. slight shock; 
slow gait. 

Toggle, V. to shake slightly. 

*oin, V. to connect, umte. 
oin'er, n. one who joins 
woodwork: -y, n. 

Joint, n. place where two 
bones, &c., join: — v.a. to 
unite with joints: — a. joined, 
united: -ly, ad. together. 

Joinf ure, n. an estate settled 
on a wife at marria^^e. 
oist, n. small floor-tunber. 
oke, n. a jest: — v. to jest, 
oily, a. merry: jol'lity, n. 
olt, V. to shake with sudden 
jerks: — n. shock, 
os'tle (-si), v.a. to hit against. 
ot, ft. a tittle, iota: — v. to set 
down briefly. 

Jour'nal (jur'-), n. an account 
of daily transactions; a 
diary: -ist, n.: -is'tic, a. 

Jour'ney, n. travel, tour: — 
v.n. to travel. 

Jour'ne3n]ian, n. a hired 

Joust (just), n. encounter of 
two kaights. 

Jo'vial, a. gay, merry, jolly. 

Joy, n. gladness: — v.n. to re- 
joice: -ful, a.: -ous, a. 

Jti'bilant, a. rejoicing. 

Tu'bilee, n. time of great joy. 

Judge, n. one who judges, an 
officer who decides cases in 
court: — V. to hear and 
decide, determine: judge- 
ment, n. 

Ju'dicatory, a. dispensing jus- 
tice: — n. court of justice. 

Ju'dicature, n. the dispensing 
of justice; a tribimal. 

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Judi'cial, a. relating to courts 

of justice. 
Judi'ciary, n. judges collec- 
tively: — a. relating to courts 

of justice. 
Judi^cious, a. prudent, wise, 

Jtt|:, n. a vessel for holding 

Jttg'gle, v.n. to play tricks as 

by sleight of hand: jug'gle, 

n.: jug'gler.n.: jug^glery^n. 

juggler's tricks. 
Ju'gular, a. of or relating to 

the throat. 
Juice, n. sap, fluid of fruit or 

meat: jui'cy (ju'-), a. 
Ju'jube, n. a small tree and 

its fruit or plum. 
Ju'lep, n. sweet drink. 
July', n. the seventh month. 
Jum'Dle, V. to mix confusedly: 

— n. confused mixture. 
Jump, V. & n. leap, bound, 

Junc'tion, n. union, a joining, 

place of joining. 
Juncf ure, n. a point of time; 

a crisis. 
Tune, n. the sixth month. 
Jun'gle, n. a thick growth of 

shrubs or small trees. 
Jun'ior, a. younger: — n. one 

yoimger: junior'ity, n, 
Ju'niper, n. a shrub. 

Junk, n. old ropes; hard salt 

beef; a Chinese ship. 
Junk'et, n. a sweet dish; & 

feast, revel, picnic: — v. to 

feast, go merry-making or 

Jun'to, n. a cabal or faction. 
Jurid'ical, a. relating to 

courts of law. 
Jurisdic'tion, n. legal author- 
ity, extent of legal power; 

Jurispru'dence, n. science of 

Ju'rist, n. one versed in the 

Ju'ry, n. a body of men to 

judge a cause: m. ju'ror, 

Just, a. rightful, honest, true: 

— ad. exactly. 
Jus'tice, n. right, fairness; 

judge, magistrate. 
Justi'ciary, n. a judge; the 

Jtts'tify, v.a. to prove to be 

just, vindicate: justifi'able, 

a.: justifica'tion, n. 
fut, v.n. to stand out. 
fute, n. a coarse hemp-like 

Ju'venile (-ve-nil), a. young, 

youthful: juvenil'ity, n. 
Juztaposi'tidn, n. nearness, 


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B[ale««». a cabbage. 
BLalei'doscope (-11'-), n. an 

optical instrument showing 

an endless variety of beauti 

ful colors and forms. 
Kangaroo', n. an Australian 

Keoce, n. a small anchor. 
Keel, n. lowest timber in a 

ship: — v.n. to turn keel up- 
Keel'haul, v.a. to haul under 

a ship's keel. 
Keel'son (kel'-or keiO, n. tim- 
ber right over the ked. 
Keen,a. sharp, piercing, eager. 
Keep, v.a. to retain, preserve, 

hold: — v.n. to stay, last; 

a stronghold. 
Keep'sake, n. gift to be kept 

for the sake of the giver. 
Keg, n. small cask. 
Kelp, n. seaweed, or its ashes. 
Ken, v.a. to know, see: — » 

reach of sight. 
Ken'nel, n. dog's house; pack 

of hounds. 
Ker'chief, n. a head-dress. 
Ker'meM, n. a Dutch fair. 
Ker'nel, n. a seed in a shell. 
Ker'osene, n. petroleum oO. 
Ker'sey, n. a woollen cloth. 
Ker'seirinere, n. a fine woollen 

cloth, cassimere. 
Kef tie, n. a vessel to boil in. 
Keftle-drum, n. metal drum. 
Key (kg), n. instrument to 

shut and open a lock; a clew 

or guide. 
Key'stone, n. middle stone of 

an arch. 

Kick, V. to strike with the 

foot: kick, n. 
Kid, n. a yotmg goat. 
Kid'nap, v.a. to carry off a 

person, steal: kid'iiapper,n. 
Kid'ney, m. one of two glands 

which secrete the urine: sort. 
Kill, vji. to deprive of lite. 
Kiln (kfl), n. oven for baking 

or drying bricks, &c.: kiln'- 

dry, VM. 
Kil'owatt (wat), n. a looo- 

watt electrical unit; i J horse- 
Kilt, n. Highland short skirt. 
Kin, n. a relative, kindred. 
Kind, n. race, sort, class: — a. 

disposed to do good to 

others: -ly, a.: -liness, n. 
Kin'dle, v. to set fire to, catch 

Kin'dred, n. relatives: — a. of 

the same family. 
Kine, n. cows — old pi. of Cow. 
Kinemafocraph, n. a mov- 
ing-picture machine. 
Kinef ic, a. rdating to motion. 
Slinef oscope, n. device for 

showing moving pictures. 
King, n. a monarch. 
Eling'doni, n. the dominion of 

a king: r^^n. 
King'fisner, n. a bird which 

feeds on fish. 
Kingly, a. royal, noble. 
King's'-evil, n. scrofula. 
Kink, n. a twist, knot: — v.n. 

to twist in kinks. 
Kins'folk (-f6k), n.f»/.kindred. 
Kins'man, n. a relative. 
Kirk, n. a church. 

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Kir'tle, n. a sort of gown; 

also, a cloak. 
Kiss, n. & V. salute with the 

Kit, H. small fish-tub; set of 

Kitch'en, n. room for cooking 

Kite, n. kind of hawk; paper 

Kif ten, n. a young cat or 

other feline. 
Kleptoma'nia, n. morbid im- 
pulse to steal. 
Knack (nak), n. dexterity, ap- 
Knap'sack (nap'-), n. a sal 

dier's bag. 
Knave (nHv), n. a rascal: 

knav'ery, n.: knav'ish, a. 

Knead (ned), v. a. to work 

Knee (ng), n. joint of the leg 

with the thigh. 
Kneel, v.n. to fall or rest on 

the knees. 
Knee'pan, n. round bone on 

the Knee. 
Knell (nel), n. sound of a 

funeral bell. 
Knick-knack (nik'nak), n. a 

trifle or toy. 
Knife, n. a cutting instrument: 

— vuL to stab. 

Knight (nit), n. formerly one 
of a certain military rank, 
now one of a rank below 

Knighf-er^rant, n. a roving ■ 
adventurous knight: -ry, n. 

Knighf hood, n. dignity or 
state of a knight. 

Knit (nit), v. to weave with 
needles; unite closely. 

Knob (nob), n. protuberance, 

Knock (nok), v. to strike: — 
n. a stroke, blow. 

Knoll (n5l), n. round hillock, 

Knot (not), n. a tied part; 
part of a tree where a 
branch shoots out; a nautical 
mile: — v. to tie in knots: 
knoft^, a. 

Knout (nowt), ». a whip or 
scourge used in Russia. 

Know (no), v.a. to perceive, 
be aware of, recognize, un- 

Knowl'edge (nol'ej), n. cer- 
tain perception, learning, 

Knuc'kle (nuki), n. joint of 
a finger; knee-joint of a 
calf: — v.n. to yidd. 

Knurl (nuri), a. knot in wood. 

Ko'ran, n. the Mohammedan 

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L * 

La^bd, ». a slip containing 
the name, cojitents, &c., 
affixed to anything: — v. a. to 
put a label on. 

La'bial, a. relating to the lips. 

La'bor, n. & v. toil, work. 

Lab'oratory, n. a chemist's 

Labor'ious, a. toilsome. 

Lab'yrinth, n. place full of 
intricate windings. 

Lac, n. a resinous substance. 

Lace, n. a cord; braid; open- 
work fabric of fine thread: v. 
to bind or adorn with lace. 

Lac'erate (las'-), v.a. to tear, 
rend: lacera'tion, «. 

Lach'rymal, a. generating 

Lachrymose', a. tearful. 

Lack, V. & n. need, want. 

Lackadai'sical (-dl'ssik-), a. 
affectedly sorrowful. 

Lack'ey, n. a menial. 

Lacon'ic, a. concise, pithy, 
brief: ns. lacon'icism, lac'- 

Lac'quer Qak'er), n. a kind of 
varnish: — v.a. to varnish. 

Lac'teal, a. milky, conveying 
chyle: — n. vessel that con- 
veys chyle. 

Lactiferous, conveying milk. 

Lad, n. a boy. 

Lad'der, n. a frame with steps 
for climbing. 

Lade, v.a. to load; dip out. 

Lad'ing, n. freight, load. 

La'dle, u. utensil for dippine. 

La'dy, u. mistress of tn4 
house; wdl-bred woman. 

Lag, VM. to loiter, stay be- 
hind: lag'gard, a. & n. 

Lagoon', n. a shallow lake. 

La'ic, la'ical, a. of the laity. 

Lair, n. couch of a wild bei^t. 

Laird, n. Scotch lord of a 

La'ity, n. the peoi^e, not the 

Lam'bent, a. gliding over 

lightly, as if licking. 
Lame, a. crippled, disabled: — 

v.a. to make lame. 
Lam'ellar, lam'ellate, lam'- 

ellated, a. in thin plates. 
Lamenf , v. to waU, mourn 

for: — n. wailing: lam'ent- 

able, a.: lamenta'tion, n. 
Lam'imi, ». a thin layer or 

plate, scale: pi. lam'inse: 

ajs. lam'inate, lam'inated. 
Lam'mas, ist day of August. 
Lamp, n. a vessel to contain 

a liquid and wick to give 

Lampoon', ha personal satire: 

— v.a. to abuse with satire. 
Lam'prey, n. a fish like the ed. 
Lance, n. a kind of spear: — 

v.a. to pierce as with a lance. 
Lan'cet, n. instrument to let 

blood, &c. 
Land, n. earth, country, 

ground: — v. to set or go on 

Lan'dau (-daw), ». carriage 

with a movable top. 
Land'ed, a. of or having land. 
Landlord, n. owner of land 

or houses; master of an 

hxTx:/em. landlady, n. 

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Land'mark, n. a mark of 

Land'scape, n. a land view. 

Lan'cuage, n. tongue, speech. 

Lan'guid, a. feebl& faint, 
spiritless: lan'Kuisn, v.n.: 
lan'guor, n. 

Lank, a. thin, gaunt. 

Lan'tem, ». case for a light. 

Lap» n. upper part of the legs 
when one sits; flap: fold:— 
to lay or lie over; lick up. 

Lan'yard, ». a short rope. 

Lftpel'» n. part of a coat. 

Lap'idary, n. workman or 
dealer in precious stones: — 
a. relating to stone-cutting. 

Lap'pet, i>. a flap. 

Lapse, V. to slip, fall: lapse, n. 

Lar'board, n. left side of a 
ship, looking forward. 

Lar'ceny, n. theft, stealing. 

Larch, n. a tree of the fir kmd. 

Lard, n. hogs' fat: — to grease; 
dress with fat; interUrd. 

Lard'er, n. a room for meat. 

hstrgfi, a. great in size. 

Largess, n. a present. 

Lark, n. a singmg-bird. 

Lark'spur, n. plant and flower, 

Lar'ya, n. an insect in its 
caterpillar state: pi. lar'yse, 

Lar'ynz, n. upper windpipe. 

Lasciy'ious, a. lewd, wanton. 

Lash, n. a stroke; thong of a 
whip: — v.a. to whip; bind. 

Lass, n. a girl, young woman 

Las'situde, n. wearmess. 

Las'so, n. rope with a slip- 
knot to catch beasts. 

Last, a. latest, hindmost: — n. 
a mould to form shoes on: — 
vui. to fit with a last: — v.n. 
to continue, endure. 

Latch, n. a door-catch :- 

to fasten with a latch. 
Latch'et, n. a shoe fastening. 
Late, a. after the proper time; 

far in a period, recent. 
La'tent. a. lying hid. 
Laferal, a. relating to a side. 
Lath, n. a thin strip of wood. 
Lathe QSJh), n. a turner's 

Lath'er. n. soapy foam. 
Lafitude, i>. breadth; range; 

distance from the equator: 

latitu'dinal, a. 
Latitudina'rian, n. one broad 

in his views: — a. liberal, lax. 
Lafter, a. modem; last of two. 
Laf tice, u. net-work of bars. 
Laud, v.a. to praise: -able, a.: 

-atory, a. 
Laud'anum, u. tincture of 

Lau^ (l&O* v.n. to make the 

noise caused by mirth: 

laugh, ».: -able, a.: -ter, n. 
Launch (l^nch), v. to throw, 

send forth: cause to slide 

into the water, as a ship: — n. 

a launching; a large boat. 
Laun'dress,». washer- woman. 
Laun'dry, n. place where 

clothes are washed. 
Lau'reate, a. crowned with 

laurel: — n. the king's poet. 
Lau'rel, n. an evergreen tree. 
La'va (U'va), n. matter that 

flows from a volcano. 
Lave, v.a. to wash, bathe. 
Lay'ender, n. a fragrant plant. 
La'ver, n. a washing- vessel. 
Lay'ish, a. prodigal, wasteful: 

— VM. to expend profusely. 
Law, M. a rule of action, de* 

cree, statute: -ful, a. 

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Lawn, n. a grassy space; finej 

linen or cambric. 
LaVsuit, H. suit in law. 
Law'yer, n. one versed in law. 
Lax, a. loose, not strict. 
Laz'ative, a. loosening the 

bowels: — n. a laxative drug. 
Lax'ity, n. looseness. 
Lay, V. to place; wager; pro- 
duce eggs: — n. a song. 
Lay, a. relating to the laity. 
Lay'er, n. a stratum; twig. 
Lay'man, n. one not a clergy- 
La'zar, n. one diseased with 

nauseous sores or pestilence. 
Lazarefto, ». a pest-house. 
La'zy, a. averse to labor. 
Lea (le), n. grass-land. 
Leach, v.a. to strain water 

through ashes. 
Lead (led), n. a heavy, soft 

metal: lead'en (led'n), a. 
Lead Ged), v. to guide, con 

duct: n. guidance, direction 
Lec^, n. a part of plants, of a 

book, &c.: pi. leaves: — v.n. 

to put forth leaves: -let, ». 
Lea^e (Igg), n. alliance; 3 

miles: — v.n. to unite for 

mutual interest. 
Leak, n. hole which lets a fluid 

in or out: -age, n.: -y, a. 
Lean, v. to incline. 
Lean, a. poor in flesh, thin: — n. 

part of flesh not fat. 
Leap, n. & v. jump. 
Leap'-year, n. every fourth 

year, which adds one day in 

Learn 06rn). v. to gain 

knowledge: leam'ed, a. 
Lease, n. contract renting a 

house or lands: — v.a. to let. 

Leash, n. line, thong; da-ee: — 

v.a. to hold or bind by leash. 
Least, a. smallest. 
Leath'er, n. dressed hides of 

animals: -y, a.: leath'em, a. 
Leave (lev), vuz. . to depart 

from; bequeath: — ». per- 
mission; departure. 
Leav'en (lev'n), n. ferment 

for dough: — v.a. to ferment- 
Lech'er, ». a lewd man: -<ms, 

a. lustful: -y, n. lust. 
Lec'ture, n. discourse; formal 

censure: — v. to give lectures. 
Ledge, n. ridge ofrocks, shelf. 
Ledg'er, n. chief account-book. 
Lee, n. side opposite to that 

from which the wind blows. 
Leech, n. a worm that sucks 

blood; a physician. 
Leek, n. a kind of onion. 
Leer, n. an oblique cast of the 

eye: — vm. to look obliquely. 
Lees, dregs, sediment. 
Lee'ward (or lu'iSrd), ad. 

towards the lee. 
Left, a. on the side opposite 

the right: — «. the left side. 
Leg, n. a lower limb. 
Leg'acy, n. gift by will. 
Le'gal, a. authorized by law, 

lawful: -ize, v.: legal'ity, n. 
Leg'ate, n. an ambassador. 
Legatee', n. one who has a 

Lega'tion, n. an embassy. 
Legator' (leg-), n. one who 

bequeaths a legacy. 
Le'gend Oe'jend or lej'-), n. 

a traditional story; motto, 

inscription: leg'endary, a. 
Legerdemain', n. ddgbt of 

hand; jugglery. 
Leg'ging, n. a leg covering. 

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Lec'ible. a, c^iable of being 
read: legibil'ity, n. 

Le'gion, n. a body of soldiers; 
a great number. 

Lec'islate, v.n. to make laws: 
legisla'tion, ».: leg'isla- 
tive, a.: leg'isUtor, n. 

Lec'islature (lef is-lat-yur), n. 
a law-making body of men. 

Legitimate, a. lawful, law- 
fully begotten; genuine: le- 
gitimacy, u. 

Leg'imie, n. a pod as of a pea, 
bean, &c.: fruit in a pod 
(pea, &c.): legu'minous, a. 

Leis'ure (16'zbur), n. time free 
from employment: — a. un- 
employed: -ly, a. not hasty. 

Lem'on, n. an add fruit. 

Lemonade', n. lemon juice 
with water and sugar. 

Lend, v. a. to grant to another 
for a time. 

Length, n. extent from end to 
end: -wise, ad.: -y, a. 

Length'en, v. to make or to 
grow longer. 

Le'nient, a. mild, gentle; 
le'niency (le'ni-en-), n. 

Len'itive, a. soothing. 

Len'ity, n. mildness, mercy. 

Lens, n. glass to make objects 
appear larger or smaller, &c. 

Lent, n. a mst of forty days 
before Easter. 

Le'onine, a. of or like a lion. 

Leop'ard (lep'-), «. a tiger- 
like spotted beast. 

Lep'er, ». one affected with 
leprosy which covers the 
skin with scales: lep'rosy, 
!>.: lep'rotts, a. 

Le'sion, n. a hurt, wound. 

Leas, a. smaller, not so much. 

Lessee', n. holder of a lease. 

Les'son (les'n), n. task or any- 

I thing to learn, instruction. 

'Les'sor or lestor', m. one who 

I grants a lease. 

Let, v.a. to allow; grant for 
hire: — ». a hindcrancc. 

Le'thal, a. deadly. 

Leth'argy, n. morbid drowsi- 
ness: lethar'gic, a. 

Le'the, n. river of forgetful- 
ness; oblivion: lethe'an, a. 

Lef ter, n. alphabetic char- 
acter; a printing type; writ- 
ten message: — v.a. to mark 
with letters: lef ters, ». pi. 
learning, literature. 

Lef ter-presB, n. print from 

Lef tuce, n. a salad p4ant. 

Leucorrhoe'a (-re's), ». white 
discharge from the vagina. 

Levanf , n. eastern coasts of 
the Mediterranean. 

Levee', n. an assembly of 
visitors; an embankment. 

Ley'el, a. even, flat: — n. a flat 
surface: — v. to make even; 

Le'ver, n. bar to raise weights. 

Levi'athan, n- a huge sea- 

Lev'ity, n. Bghtness, frivdity. 

Ley'y, v.a. to collect, as an 
army or a tax: — n. the num- 
ber or amount raised. 

Lewd, a. wanton, lustful. 

Lexicog'raphy, n. the writing 
of dictionanes: lexkog'ra- 
pher, ».: -grmph'ical, a. 

Lex'icon, n. a dictionary. 

Li'able, a. accountable, sub- 
ject: liabil'ity, n. obKga- 
tion, debt. 

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Li'ar» n. one who tells lies. 

Liba'tion, n. offering of wine. 

Li'bel, i>. a malicious defam- 
atory publication; plaintiff's 
written complaint: — vm, to 
defame by libel: U'beller, 
n.: lilheUous, a. 

Lib'eral, a. generous, bounti 
ful, free, not bigoted: -ize, 
v.a.: liberality, n. 

Lib'erate, v.a. to set free: 
libera'tion, n.:lib'erator, n. 

LiVertine, n. dissolute man, 
rake: — a. licentious: lib'- 
ertinism, n. 

Lib'erty, n. freedom; leave. 

Libid'inous, a. lewd. 

Li'brary, n. a collection of 
books; a building or room 
for books. 

Li'brate, v.a. to balance: li- 
bra'tion, n.: li'bratory, a 

Li'cense, n. permission; abuse 
of freedom: — v. a. to permit 
by legal grant. 

Licen'tiate (sen'sM-atX 
one licensed to practise a 

Licen'tious, a. dissolute, lewd 

Li'chen (li'ken), n. a plant of 
the moss tribe. 

Lick, v.a. to pass the tongue 
over, lap: — n. a stroke. 

Lic'orice (-ris), ». a sweet 
medicinal root. 

Lid, n. cover for a pan, &c. 

Lie, n. an intentional un- 
truth: — VM. to tell a lie. 

Lie (li), V.U. to rest horizon- 
tally; remain, stay. 

Lief (leO, ad. willingly. 

Liege Osj). a. bound by feudal 
tenure: liege, n. 

Li'en (l^ea), n. a legal claim. 

Lieu Gu), n. place. 

Lieuten'ant (lu-ten'-), «. of- 
ficer next below a captain; 
a deputy: Ueuten'ancy, n. 

Lieve Oev), ad. willingly, lief. 

Life, n. state of living, vitietlity, 
animation, conduct, spirit. 

Lift, VM. to raise, elevate: — 
u. a lifting; thing lifted; 

Lig^ament, n. membrane con- 
necting the bones. 

Lig^ature, n. anything that 
binds; type of connected let- 
ters, as (S,^. 

Light Git), n. that by which 
we see, iliumination, a taper, 
&c.; day: — a. not heavy, not 
dark, bright; — v. to kindle, 
give light to; descend; fall by 

Lighten Git'n), v. to flash; 
make light. 

Lighf er, n. boat for unload- 
ing and loading ships. 

Light'-house, n. tower with 
a light to direct seamen. 

Lichrning, n. the electric 
flash that attends thunder. 

Lights, n. pi. lungs of a brute. 

Lig'neous, a. wooden. 

Lig'nify, v. to turn into wood. 

Lignum-vi'ts, n. hard wood. 

Like, a. resembling, similar: — 
ad. in the same manner: 
— V. to be pleased with. 

Likelihood, n. probability. 

Like'ly, a. probable, credible: 
— ad. probably. 

Li'ken, vui. to compare. 

Like'ness, n. resemblance. 

Li'lac, n. a flower and shrub. 

Lillipu'tian. a. very small. 

Lil'y, n. a plant ana flower. 

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Limb (Urn), n. leg or arm; 

Lim'ber, a. flexible, supple: — 
n. the forepart of a gun-car- 
riage, to which the horses 
are harnessed: — v.a. to at- 
tach (a gun) to the limber. 

Limfho, n. place on the 
borders of h^; prison. 

Lime, i>. a white caustic 
earth; a tree; kind of lemon. 

Lim'it, n. a boundary: — v.a. 
to set bounds to, restrict: 
limita'tion, n.: -ed, a. 

Linm Gim), v.a. to draw or 
paint: lim'ner, n. 

LimoosiiM' OS-moo-zenO« n. 
a closed automobile. 

Limp, v.n. to walk lamely. 

Lim'pet, n. a small shell-fish. 

Lim'pid, a. dear^ transparent. 

Lincn'-pin, u. pm of an axle. 

Lin'den, n. a large tree. 

Line, n. a cord; extended 
mark; verse; row; course; 
business; equator; one X2th 
of an inch: — v.a. to cover 
on the inside. 

Lin'eace, n. race, family. 

Lin'eal, a. of or in line. 

Lin'eament, ». feature, line. 

Lin'ear, a. of or like lines. 

Line'man, n. a worknum on 
telegraph, telephone, electric 
light, Ike., lines. 

Lin'en, u. cloth of flax; under- 
garments, clothes: lin'en, a 

Lin'ger, v.n. to delay, loiter. 

Lin'gual, a. of the tongue. 

Lin'guist, n. one skilled in 
languages: linguis'tic, a. 

Lin'iment, n. soft ointment. 

Link, n. a ring of a chain; con- 
necting part^-1/. to connect 

Links, n. pi. golf grounds. 
Lin'net, n. a singing-bird. 
Linoleum, n. kind of oil- 
Li'notiype, n. machine that 

sets and casts type in solid, 

separate lines. 
Lin'seed, n. seed of flax. 
Lin'sey-wooVsey, ». a coarse 

doth of linen and wool. 
Lin'stock, i>. gunner's match. 
Lint, u. soft scrapings of linen. 
Lin'tel, n. the piece over a 

door or window. 
Li'on, n. a fierce animal :/«m. 

Lip, n. border of the mouth. 
Liq'uefy, v. to mdt: lique- 

tac'tion, n.: Hques'cent, a. 
Liq'uid (lik'wid), a. fluid, flow- 
ing: — «. liquid substance. 
Liq'uidate, v.a. to dear away; 

pay: liquida^tion, n. 
Liq'ttor (lik'ur), ». a liquid; 

strong drink. 
Lisp, V. to pronounce s and z 

as thj utter imperiecUy. 
List, n. a roll, register; strip 

of doth: pi. arena: — v.n. to 

choose, like, please. 
Lis'ten (lis'n), v.n. to hearken. 
Listless, a. careless, heedless. 
Lifany, n. form of public 

Lifend, a. exact, real. 
Liferary, a. relating to letters 

or literature. 
Litera'ti, learned men. 
Lif erature, n. literary works. 
Lith'arge, n. fused lead oxide. 
Lithe (\lth),a. nimble, supple. 
Lith'osrapn, v.a. to engrave 

on stone: — n. a print from 

stone: lithosrapn'ic, a. 

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Lithofomy, n. cutting for 
stone in the bladder. 

Lit'igate, v. to contend at law: 
lif tgant, n.: litica'tion, ».: 
litigfUmB (ll-tij'us), a. 

Li'tre (le'tSr), u. a metric 
measure of capacity contain- 
ing 1 .05 quarts wine measure. 

Idfier, n. vehicle with a bed; 
bedding of straw, &c.; things 
scattered about; a brood: — 
VM. to scatter things about. 

Liftle, a. small, not much: — 
u. small space or poition, 
&c.: — ad. in a small degree. 

Lif toral, a. of or on the shore. 

Lif urgy, n. prescribed form 
of worship: litur'gic, a. 

Live (Uv), V. to be alive, dwell. 

Live (Uv). a. having life, alive: 
-Uhood, n. means of living: 
-ly, a. sprightly. 

Liv'er, «. one who lives; organ 
which secretes the bile. 

Liv'ery» n. delivery; peculiar 
dress or uniform. 

Liv'ery-sta'ble, n. stable in 
whidi horses are kept or let 
out for hire. 

Liv'id, a. of a lead color. 

Liz'ard, n. a reptile. 

Lo, int. look! 

Load, V. & i>. burden, frdght. 

Load'star, n. the pole-star. 

Load'stone, n. a magnetic 
iron ore. 

Loaf, n. a cake of bread, &c. 

Loaf, V. to lounge idly: -er, n. 

Loam, n. rich smi or mould. 

Loan, n. a thing lent; act of 
lending: — lend. 

Loath (l5th), a. reluctant. 

Loathe <\6th), v.a. to feel dis- 
gust at, hate: loath'tome, a. 

Lob11>y, n. anteroom, hall. 

Lobe, n. a roundish or pro- 
jecting part or division. 

Lob'ster, n. a sheUfish. 

Lo'cal, a. of or limited to a 

Local'ity, n. position, place. 

Lo'cate, v. a. to'pUce, set: lo- 
ca'tion, n. placing; situation. 

Loch (lok), n. a lake. [ScoUh.\ 

Lock, n. device to fauten doors, 
&c.; part of a gun; tuft of 
hair, &c.; enclosure in a ca- 
nal to confine water: — v.a. 
to fasten as with a lock, con- 
fine, clasp. 

Lock'er, n. a chest or cup- 
board, &c., that locks. 

Lock'et, n. ornamental pend- 
ent case for a picture, &c. 

Lock'jaw, n. spasmodic clos- 
ure of the jaws, tetanus. 

Locomo'tive, a. moving from 
one place to another: — n. a 
railway engine: locomo'- 
tion, n. 

Lo'cust, n. an insect; a tree. 

Lode, n. vein of ore. 

Lodge, V. to place, dwell, rest: 
— ». small house; a society: 
lodse'ment, n. 

Lodg'mg, n. temporary abode. 

Loft, «. uppo- story, gallery, 

Loft, V. to strike up the ball at 
golf: loff er, dub for lofting. 

Lofty, a. high, elevated. 

Log, n. a bulky piece of wood; 
piece of wood with a line to 
measure the speed of a ship. 

Log'aritiim, n. one of a series 
of artificial numbers used to 
shorten mathematical calcu- 
lations: logaridi'iiiic, a. 

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Log'-book, n. journal of a Lot, n. fate, chance; portion, 

snip's course, &c. | piece of land: — v. a. to allot. 

LoK'gerhead, n. a dunce. jLo'tion, n. a medicinal wash. 

LoK'lc(loj'ik),«. art of reason- Loftery, «. a distribution of 

ins: -al, a.: logician, u. 
LoflTWOod, n. a dye-wood. 
Lorn, n. lower part of the back. 
Loi'ter, v.n. to linger, lag. 
Loll, V. to lean or recline idly; 

hsmg out the tongue. 
Lone, a. solitary, single, alone: 

-ly, a.: -acme, a. 
Long, a. extended; not short: 

-^ad. to a great length: — 

v.n. to desire earnestly. 
Longey'ity, n. length of life. 
Long'-headed, a. shrewd. 
Lon'gitude, n. length; dis- 
tance east or west from 

meridian: longitu'dinal. 
Loo, n. a game at cards. 
Look, v.n. to behold; watch; 

seem:-yff. gaze, air of the 

face. view. 
Look'mg-gUss, n. a mirror. 
Loom, n. a weaving-frame: — 

v.n. to appear larger, as in a 

Loon, n. a water-fowl. 
Loop, n. noose in a string, &c 
Loopliole, n, hole in a wall, 

Loose, a. unbound, free, slack, 

lax: — v.a. to unbmd, release: 

loos'en Gdds'n), v. 
Lop, V. to cut off; drop. 
Loqua'cious (-kwa'shus), a. 

talkative: loquac'ity, n. 
Lord, n. master; nobleman: 


, to domineer, rule 

despotically: -ly, a.: -ship, n. 
Lore, n. learning. 
Lose (I^)3z), V. to fail to keep 

or to gain: loss, u. 

prizes by chance. 

Loud, a. noisy, high-sounding. 

Lounge, v.n. to move lazily. 

Louse, n. an insect. 

Lout, n. awkward fellow. 

Lov'able, a. worthy of love. 

Lov'age, n, a plant. 

Love (luv), v.a. to regard with 
affection: — n. affection, at- 
tachment: -liness, n.: -ly, a. 

Low (lo), a. not high or loud, 
dejected, humble, mean: 
low, ad.: — v.n. to bellow as 
a cow. 

Low'er (lo'-). v. to bring low, 
grow less. 

Low'er Gow'-), v.n. to appear 
^oomy or stormy; scowl. 

Low'land, n. low country. 

Lowlv, a. humble, meek. 

Loy'al, a. faithful, true: -ty, n. 

Loz'enge, n. a rhombus; a 
small cake of medicine. 

Lub'ber, n. a lazy, clumsy fel- 
low: -ly, a. 

Lu'bricate, v.a. to make slip- 
pery or smooth, oil: lubii- 
ca'tion, ».: lubric'ity (lu- 
bris'-), n. 

Lu'cid, a. shining, clear: lu- 
cid'ity, n. 

Lu'cifer, n. Venus as morn- 
ing star; Satan. 

Luck, n. chance, fortune: -y, 
a. fortunate. 

Lu'crative, a. profitable. 

Lu'cre (-kgr), n. gain, profit. 

Lu'cubrate, v.n, to study by 
lamplight: lucubra'tion, n. 

Lu'culent, a. ludd, clear. 

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Lu'dicrotts, a. laughable. 

Luff, v.n. to turn a ship toward 
the wind. 

Lug, V. to drag, move heavily. 

LuK'gage, n. baggage. 

Lugu'brious, a. mournful. 

Luke'warm, a. slightly warm. 

Lull, v.a. to quiet: — v.n. to be- 
come calm. 

LuFlaby, n. song to still babes. 

Lumba^go, n. rheumatic pain 
in the loins, &c. 

Lum'bar, a. of the loins. 

Lum'ber, n. anything cumber- 
some or useless; timber:^- 
V. to fill with lumber; move 
heavily; cut logs in a forest. 

Lu'minary, n. body giving 

Lu'minous, a. shining, clear. 

Lump, n. small mass; the 
gross: — v.a. to put or take 
m the gross: -ish, a.: -y, a. 

Lu'nacy, n. insanity. 

Lu'nar, a. of the moon. 

Lu'natic, n. an insane person. 

Luna'tion, n. time from one 
new moon to another. 

Lunch, ». a slight meal: 
Itinch'eon (lunch'un), ». 

Lung, n. organ of breathing. 

Lunge, n. a thrust. 

Lu'pine (-pin), a. wolfish. 

Lurch, n. forlorn condition; 
sudden roll as of a ship: — 
v.n. to roll suddenly. 

Lure, n. a means of entice- 
ment: — v.a. to entice. 

Lu'rid, a. gloomy, ghastly. 

Lurk, v.n. to lie m wait or hid. 

Lus'cious, a. delicious. 

Lust, n. carnal desire: — v.n. 
to desire eagerly or with lust: 
-ful, a. 

Lus'tily, ad. stoutly. 

Lus'trate, v. to purify, cleanse: 
lus'tral, a.: lustra'tion, n. 

Lus'tre (-t6r), n. brightness, 
splendor; lus'trous, a. 

Lus'tring, n. a glossy silk. 

Lus'ty, a. stout, robust. 

Lute, n. instrument of the 
guitar kind; soft clay, paste. 

Liu'ate, v.a. to put out of 
joint: luza'tion, n. 

Luxu'riant, a. exuberant, very 
plenteous: luxu'riance, n. 

Luxu'riate, v.n. to live luxu- 
riously, revel. 

Lux'ury, n. voluptuousness, 
splendor in living; a dainty: 
luxu'rious, a. 

Lyce'um, ». a lecture-room; 
literary association. 

Lye, n. water impregnated 
with alkaline salt. 

Ly'ing, a. addicted to false- 
hood; reclining. 

L3rmph Qlmf), n. a colorless 
fluid in animal bodies. 

L3rmphafic, a. pertaining to 
lymph: — n. a vessel con- 
veying lymph. 

Lynch, v.a. to punish without 
trial, as is done by a mob. 

Limx, n. a cat-like beast. 

Lyrtf n. a kind of harp. 

l.jT'ic, lyr'ical, a. relating to 
a harp or to poetry fitted to 
be sung to the harp or lyre. 

Ljrr'ic, n. a lyric poem. 

Ly'rist, n. a player on the lyre. 

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Mal'ady, n. disease. 

Mal'apert, a. saucy. 

Mala'ria, n. noxious exhala- 
tions; a disease: mala'rial, a. 

Mal'content, a. discontented. 

Male, n. the he a( any species: 
male, a. 

Maledic'tion, n. a curse. 

Malefac'tor, n. a criminal. 

Maley'olence, n. ill-will, ma- 
lignity: malev'olent, a. 

MaUfea'sance (m&l-fe'zans), n. 

Marice, ». ill-will, spite: ma- 
li'cious (-lish'us), a. 

Malign' (-lin'), a. bad: — v.a. 
to defame. 

MaUg'nant, a. ill-disposed; 
deadly: malig'iiity, n. 

Mall (mavd), n. a heavy wood- 
en hammer: — v.a. to beat. 

Mall (m2,l), n. a public walk. 

Malleable, a. that may be 
spread by beating. 

Mariet, n. a wooden hammer. 

MaHow, n. a plant. 

Malm'sey (m&m'ze), n. a sort 
of grape; a wine- 

Malprac'tice, n. wrong prac- 

ISalt (mawlt), n. sprouted and 
dried barley. 

Maltreaf (mal-tretO, v.a. to 
use ill: -ment, n. 

Malversa'tion, n. bad con 

Mam'mal, n. an animal that 

suckles its yoimg. 
Mammiferous, a. having 

Mam'millary, a. of or like 


Mam'mon, n. riches. 

Mam'moth, n. an extinct 
species of elephant. 

"an, n. a grown-up male per- 
son: pi. men: — v.a. to fur- 
nish with men. 

Man'acle, n. an iron hand- 
cuff: v.a. to put manacles on. 

Man'age, v. to conduct, con- 
trol: -able, a.: -ment, n. 

Manda'mus, n. kind of writ. 

Mandarin' (-ren'), n. a Chi- 
nese magistrate. 

Man'date, n. conmiand, pre- 
cept: man'datory, a. 
an'dible, n. the jaw. 

Man'drel, n. shank of a lathe. 

Mane, n. hair on the neck of a 
horse, lion, &c. 

Manege' (-nazhO, n. horse- 

Ma'nes (-nez), n. pi. spirits of 
the dead. 

Man'ful, a. bold, noble. 

Manganese', n. a metal. 

Mange (m&nj),n. itch in beasts. 

Man'gel-wur'zel, n. kind of 

Man'ger (man'jgr), n. trough 
for feedmg horses. 

Man'^le, v.a. to hack, cut, 
mutilate; smooth: — n. an 

Man'go, n. a fruit; a pickle. 

Man'grove, n. a tropical tree. 

Man'gy (man'jK), a. scabby. 

Man'hood, u. man's estate. 

ISa'nia, n. madness. 

Ma'niac, n. an insane person: 
mani'acal, a. 

Man'icure, n. treatment of 
the hands or finger-nails; 
one who gives such treat- 

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Kan'ifest, a. clear, apparent: 
7-v.a. to show plamly: — ». 
invoice of a cargo : -a'tion, n. 

Manifes'tOy n. proclamation. 

Man'ifold, a. many, various. 

Man'ikiii, u. a dwarf; ana- 
tomical model of a man. 

Hanip'ulate, v. to operate or 
work with the hands: mani- 
pula'tion, n. 

Mankind^ n. the human race. 

Man'na» n. a sweetish exuda- 
tion from many trees. 

Man'ner, n. mode, sort: pL 
behavior, deportment: -ism, 
n. peculiarity of manner: 
-ly, a. civil, courteous. 

MancBu'vre (-nSo'ver), «. 
skilful movement: — v.n. to 
manage adroitly. 

Man'-oi-war', «. a war-ship. 

Man'or, n. a nobleman's 
landed estate: mano'rial, a. 

Hanse, n. a house and land. 

Man'sion, ». large house. 

Man'slaughter (-slaw-), n. a 
killing without malice. 

Blan'teT (-tl), n. beam or shelf 
above a fireplace. 

Mantelef , n. a small cloak for 
women; a movable parapet. 

Mantil'la, n. a small mantle 
or loose garment. 

Man'tle, n. a loose cloak: — 
V. to cloak, cover; to spread. 

Man'ual, a. done or made by 
the hand: — n. a hand-book. 

Manufacfure» v.a. to make 
from raw materials by any 
means: — n. anything manu 
factured; a manufacturing 
manufac'tory, n. 

Manumif , v.a. to free from 

slavery: manumis'sion, n. 


Manure', n. dung, &c., for 
land: — v. to put manure on. 

Man'ttscript, written matter. 

Man'y (men'-), a. numerous: 
— ». a great number. 

Map, n. delineation, as of the 

Ma'ple, n. a kind of tree. 

Mar, v.a. to injure, disfigure. 

Maras'mus (-raz'-), n. a wast- 
ing away of the body. 

Maraud', v.n. to rove for 

Mar'ble, n. a limestone which, 
takes a bright polish: — v.a. 
to stain or vein like marble. 

March, n. 3d month; move- 
ment of troops; advance: 
— V. to walk as soldiers. 

March'es, n. pi. borders of a 

Mar'chioness (-shim-es), «. ^ 
wife of a marquis. 

Marco'nigram, n. a telegram 
by the Marconi wireless 

Mar's;!!!, n. a border, edge; 
amount deposited with a 
broker to cover possible 
change in value of stocks 
carried: -al, a. 

Mar'igold, n. a i^ant bearing 
a yellow flower. 

Marine' (-ren'), a. belonging 
to the sea: — n. a sea-solcfier; 
navy; shipping. 

Mar'iner, n. a seaman. 

Mar'ital, a. of a husband. 

Mar'itime (-tiCm), a. pertain- 
ing to the sea. 

Mar'joram, n. an herb, 

Mark, n. a visible sign, trace; 
thing aimed at: — v. to make 
a mark on; notice. 

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Mar'ket, ». a place of sale: — 

V. to deal at market, sell. 
Harks'man, n. one skilled 

Marl, n. a kind of earth. 
Mar'line (-Un), n. a kind of 

small line to wind around a 

Marmalade, n. jam, i»:eserve. 
Maroon% n. a West Indian 

wild negro; one marooned: 

— v.a. to leave on a desolate 

island: — n. & a. dark red. 
Marque (mark), n. license to 

make captures. 
Marquee' (-ke'), n. large tent. 
Mar'quetry (-ket-rl), n. inlaid 

Mar'quis, i>. a title of nobility 

next below that of a duke. 
Mar'riage (mS.r'rij), n. a wed 

ding, wedlock. 
Mar'row, n. oily substance in 

Mar'ry, v. to join in marriag^. 
Marsh, ». swamp: -y, a. 
Mar'shal, n. chief officer: — 

v.a. to arrange in order. 
Mart, ». place of trade. 
Mar'ten, n. a kind of weasel 
Mar'tial (-shal), a. warlike. 
Mar'tin, n. a bird of the swal 

low kind. 
Martinef , n. a strict discipli 

Mar'tingale, n. a strap to hold 

a horse's head down. 
Marf let, a. a martin. 
Mar'tjrr, «. one who dies for 

his belief or cause: -dom, n. 
Mart3rrol'ogy, n. an account 

of martyrs. 
Mar'vcl, n. & v. wonder. 
Iftar'velious, a. wonderful. 

Mas'culine (-Un), a. male, per- 
taining to or like a man. 
ash, ». a mixture: — v.a. to 
beat into a mass. 

ie, mash'y, n. a golf- 
club with a short head. 

Mask, n. something to conceal 
the face: — v.a. to dis^^uise. 

Ma'son (-sn^, n. a builder in 
stone or brick; a free-mason: 
-ry, ».: mason'ic, a. 

Masquerade' (-ker-ad'), n. an 
assembly of persons wearing 
masks: v. to sport in masks, 
ass, n. lump, body, bulk; a 
service in the Roman Catho- 
lic Church. 

Mas'sacre (-ker), n. butchery: 
— v.a. to butcher. 

Massage' (-s&zh'), n. manipu- 
lation of the muscles, &c., by 
kneading or other exercises. 

Mas'sive, a. heavy, bulky. 

Mast, n. long upright spar in a 
ship; beech-nuts, acorns, &c. 

Mas'ter, «. a ruler; teacher; 
an adept: — v. a. to overcome: 
-ly, a. skilful. 

Mas'ter-piece, «. a work of 
superior skill. 

Mas'tery, n. rule, superiority. 

Mas'tic, «. a resin; a cement. 

Mas'ticate, v.a. to chew: mas- 
tica'tion, n. 

Mas'tifiF, n. kind of large dog. 

Mas'todon, n. a huge extinct 

Mat, n. a texture of sedge, 
rushes, &c.: — v.a. to twist 

ISatch, n. something that 
catches fire; an equal; a con- 
test; a marriage: — v.a. to be 
equal to, suit: -less, a. 

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liate, i>. companion; officer in 
a merchant- vessel: — v. a. to 
match, marry. 

Mate'rial, a. consisting of 
matter; important: — n. mat 
ter, substance. 

Mate'rialism, n. doctrine that 
denies the existence of spirit : 
mate'rialist, n. 

Material'ity, n. material ex- 

Mater'iiaU a. motherly. 

Mater'nity, state of a mother. 

Mathematics, n. science of 
numbers and magnitude: 
ajs. mathemaf ic, mathe- 
matical: mathemati'cian. 

Maf in, a. morning: maf ins» 
u.pL morning worship. 

Matrnus. n. a chemicalvessel. 

Maf licide, n. murder or mur- 
derer of one's mother. 

Matric'ulate, v.a. to admit to 
membership in a college: 
matricula'tion, n. 

Mafrimony, n. marriage, 
wedlock: matrimo'nial, a. 

Ma'triz, n. womb; a mould. 

Ma'tron, n. a married or an 
elderly woman: -al, a.: -ly.a. 

Maf ter, n. substance, body; 
subject, affair; pus: — v.n. to 
be of importance. 

Maf took, n. kind of pickaxe. 

Bfaf tress, n. a stuffed bed. 

Maturate, v. to ripen, form 
pus: matura'tion, n. 

Mature', a. ripe, perfected: — 
V. to ripen: matu'rity, «. 

Maudlin, a. silly, as if half 

Mau'gre(-gur),^0^.in spite of. 

Maul, n. a wooden hammer: 
— v.a. to beat harshly. 

Mausole'um, n. stately tomb. 

Mawk'ish, a. sickening, silly. 

Max'illary, a. of the jaw. 

Max'im, n. proverb, saying. 

Maz'imum, n. the greatest 

I quantity: pl. max'ima. 

May, v.n. to be able: — n. 5th 
month: May'-day,#». May i . 

May'or, n. chief magistrate of 
a city: -alty, n. 

Mazarine'(-renO. n. deep blue. 

Maze, ». a labyrinth; perplex- 
ity: ma'zv, a. 

Mead, n. a dnnk made of water 
and honey; meadow. 

Mead'ow, n. land mown for 

Mea'gre (-gur), a. lean, poor. 

Mean, a. base, low; middle: — 
n. a middle state: — v. to in- 
tend, signify. 

Mean'der (mean'-), n. wind- 
ing course: — v.n. to wind. 

Means, n. instrument, way: 
pl. income. 

Mea'sles (me'zlz), n. a disease 
characterized by small red 
spots: mea'sly, a. 

Meas'ure (mezh'ur), n. that 
by which anything is meas- 
ured; quantity; extent; mu- 
sical time: — v.a. to apply a 
standard to so as to find the 
quantity or extent, &c.: 
-ment, ».: meas'urable, a. 

Meat, n. flesh for food; food. 

Mechan'ic, n. an artisan. 

Mechan'ic, mechan'ical, a. 
relating to machines; ma- 

Mechan'ics, n. science which 
treats of forces and ma- 
chines: ns. mechani'cian 
( nish'an), mech'anist. 

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Hech'anism, n. the structure 
of a machine. 

Med'al, n. a coin with a de- 
vice: medal'lic, a.: med'- 

Medal'lion (-ytin), n. large 
medal, round ornament. 

Med'dle, v.n. to interfere with 
others: -aome, a. 

Media'yal, a. of the middle 

Me'dial, a. average, mean, 

Me'diate, v.u. to mterpose as 
a friend: media'tion, n.: 
me'diator, n. 

Med'ical, a. relating to medi- 

Med'icament, n. medicine. 

Med'icate, v.a. to tincture or 
treat with medicine. 

Mcdic'inal (dis'-), a. fitted to 
heal, medical. 

Med'icine, n. the healing art; 
a remedy for a disease. 

Me'diocre (-kur), a. middling, 
moderate: medioc'rity, n. 

Meditate, v. to think, con- 
template: medita'tion, ».: 
meditative, a. 

Me'dium, n. intervening sub- 
stance; means: a. middling. 

Med'lar, n. tree and its fruit. 

Medley, n. a confused mass. 

Medullar, med'ullary, a. of 
or like marrow or pith. 

Meed, n. reward, recompense. 

Meek, a. gentle, humble. 

Meer'schaum (mer'shawm). 
n. a white earth used for 
making tobacco-pipes. 

Meet, a. fit, proper: — v. to 
come together: -ing, n. 

Meef in^-house, n. house of 

Merancholy, i>. gloomy state 
of mind: — a. gloomy, de- 
jected: mel'ancholic, a. 

Meliorate (mel'yo-), vm. to 
make better: -a'tion, h. 

Mellifluent, mellifluous, a. 
flowing sweetly, smooth: 
meUirluence, n. 

Mellow, a. soft with ripeness: 
— V. to become mellow. 

Melo'deon, n. a kind of organ 
with metallic reeds. 

Mel'odrama, n. diuma with 
music, sensational drama: 
melodramat'ic, a. 

Merody, n. sweet sound. 

MeFon, n. plant and its fruit. 

Melt, V. to dissolve. 

Meml>er, n. limb; part; one 
of a society, &c. 

Meml>rane, n. a thin elastic 
skin: ajs. membrana'ceotts 
(-shus), meml)ranous. 

Memen'to, n. a souvenir. 

Mem'oir (mem'wSr), n. bio- 
graphical sketch; written ac- 

Mem'orable, a. remarkable. 

Memoran'dum, n. a note to 
help the memory: pi. mem- 
oran'dums, memoran'da. 

Memo'rial, a. bringing to 
memory: — n. that which 
serves to keep in memory, 
petition: -ist, ».: -ize, v.a. 

Mem'ory, n. faculty of re- 
membering, remembrance: 
mem'orize, v.a. 

Men'ace, n. a threat: — v.a. to 

Menag'erie (men-azh'er-I or 
-aj'-), n. a collection of wild 

Mend, v. to repair, correct. 

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Menda'ciotts (-shus), a. false, 
lying: mendacity* n. 

Men'dicant, a. poor to beg- 
gary: — ». beggar: ns. men'- 
dicancy, mendicity. 

Me'nial, a. servile, low: — ». a| 
domestic servant. 

Men'stnialy a. monthly. 

Men'struum, n. a solvent. 

Mens'urabie, a. measurable. 

Mensura'tion, n. measuring. 

Men'tal, a. relating to the 
mind, intellectual. 

Men'tion* v.a. to name: — n. a 
brief notice. 

Mephi'tis, n. a noxious exhala- 
tion: mephific, a. 

Mer'cantile (-tH), commercial. 

Mer'cenarv, n. a hireling: — a. 
hired, selfish. 

Mer^chandise, n. goods, 
wares: — v.n. to traffic. 

Mer'chant, n. a trader: ^able, 
a. fit to be sold: -man, n. a 
ship of trade. 

Mer'ciful, a. compassionate. 

Mer'ciless, a. void of mercy 

Mercu'rial, a. containing mer- 
cury; active, sprightly. 

Mer'cury, n . quicksilver. 

Mer'cy* n. kindness to an of- 
frader: mer'ciless, a. 

Mere, a. bare, simple. 

Meretri'cious (-trish'us), a. 
gaudy and deceitful. 

Merse, v. to immerse, sink. 

Meria'ian» n. noon; a great 
drcle which the sun crosses 
at noon; highest point: me- 
rid'ian» a.: meridional, a 

Meri'no (me-re'nS), n. a fine- 
wooled sheep. 

Mer'it, n. desert, worth: 
to deserve: merito'rious, a. 

Mer'maid, n. faUed sea-ani- 
mal whose upper part b like 
a woman, and lower part 
like a fish. 

Mer'man, n. male of the mer- 

Mer'ry, a. gay, jovial, cheer- 
ful: mer^mient, n. 

Mer'ry-an'drew, n. a buffoon. 

Mess, ». portion of food; a set 
who eat together. 

Mes'merize (mez'-), v. a. to 
affect the senses of by ani- 
mal magnetism: mes'mer- 
ism, n.: mesmer'ic, a. 

Mes'sage, n. word sent. 

Mes'senger, n. bearer of a 

Messi'ah, n. Christ. 

Mes'suage (-swaj),». dwelling- 
house with adjoining land. 

Mefal, n. gold, silver, iron, 
lead, &c.: metallic, a.: 
medallist, n. 

Metallurgy, n. art of separat- 
ing metals from their ores. 

Metamor'phose, v. to change 
into another form: -mor'- 
phosis (pi. ^hoses), n. 

Mefaphor, n. a descriptive 
figure of speech: meta- 
pnor'ical, a. 

Metaphysics, n. science of 
mind: metaphys'ical, a.: 
metaphysi'cian, n. 

Mete, v.a. to measure: — n. a 
limit, bound. 

Metempsychc/sis (-sl-kd'sis), 
n. transmigration of the soul. 

Me'teor, n. atmospheric phe- 
nomenon, fiery aerial body: 
meteoric, a. 

Me'teorite, meteor'olite, n. 
meteoric stone. 

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Meteororogy, n. science of 
meteors, and of the atmos- 
phere: meteorolog'ical, a.: 
meteorol'ogist, n. 

Me'ter, n. machine for meas- 

Metheg'lln, n. a drink from 
honey and water. 

Meth'od, ». a regular order, 
way: -ize, v.a.: ajs. me- 
thod'ic, method'ical. 

Meth'odist, n. one of a sect of 
Christians founded by Wes- 
ley: meth'odism, n. 

Meton'ymy (me-ton'Y-mlO, 
a figure by which one word 
is put for another. 

Me'tre (me'tgr), n. verse, 
rhythmic measure: met'- 
rical, a. 

Me'tre (me'tgr), n. a unit of 
length containing 39.37 inch- 
es: mef ric, a. noting a deci- 
mal system of weights and 
measures based on the metre. 

Metrop'olis» n. mother-city; 
chief city: metroporitan, a. 

Metroporitan» n. archbishop. 

Met'tle, n. spirit, courage. 

Mewl, v.H. to cry or squall. 

Mezzotin'to (med-zo-), «. a 
kind of engraving on copper. 

Mi'asm, mias'ma, n. noxious 
vapors: miasmaf ic, a. 

Mi'ca, n. a shining mineral. 

Mich'aelmas (mik'el-), 
feast of St. Michael, Sept. 29. 

Mi'crobe» n. germ, bacterium 

Mi'crocosm, n. little world 

Mi'croscope, n . an optical in 
strument for viewing minute 
objects: ajs. microscop'ic, 

Mid» a. middle. 

Mid'day, n. noon. 

Mid'dle, a. equally distant 
from the extremes: — n. the 

Mid'dling, of middle size, &c. 

Midge, n. a gnat. 

Midlron, n. an iron golf -club. 

Mid'night, it. 12 o'clock at 

Mid'rifF, n. the diaphragm. 

Mid'shipman, n. naval cadet. 

Midst, n. the middle. 

Mid'summer, ». the sunmier 
solstice, about June 21st. 

Mid'wife, n. a woman who 
assists women in childbirth. 

Mid' winter, n. the winter sol- 
stice, about Dec. 21st. 

Mien (men), n. bearing, look. 

Miff, n. slight anger. 

Might, n. power, strength: 
mighf y, a. 

Mignonette' (min-yo-net'), n. 
plant and its fragrant flower. 

Mi'grate, v.n. to remove from 
one region to another: mi- 
gra'tion, n.: mi'gratory, a. 

MUch, a. giving milk. 

Mild, a. gentle, tender, soft. 

Mil'dew, n. kind of blight: — 
v.a. to taint with mildew. 

Mile, n. 1760 yards: -age, n. 
fees for travel by the imle. 

Mirfoil, n. an herb. 

Mil'itant, a. warring, striving. 

Military, a. relating to an 
army or to war: — n. sol- 
diery, army. 

Miritate, v.n. to oppose. 

Mili'tia (ml-lish'ya), n. the en- 
rolled soldiers. 

Milk, n. a white fluid: — i>.a. to 
draw milk from: milk'y, a. 

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Milk'y Way, the galaxy, the 
luminous starry zone above. 

Mill, M. engine for grinding; 
tenth of a cent: — v. to grind; 
stamp: mill'-dam, n. 

Hillena'rian, n . a believer in 
the millennium. 

Millen'nial, a. pertaining to 
the millennium. 

Millen'nium, n. the i,ooo 
years of Christ's reign on 

Hil'ler, n. one who tends a 

MU'let, It. a hardy grass. 

Mil'liner, n. one v^o makes 
ladies' hats, &c.: -j, n. 

Mil'lion (-yun), n. 1,000,000. 

Millioiiaire% n. one worth a 
million of money. 

Mill'wrifllit, n. a mechanic 
who builds mills. 

Milt, n . sperm of fishes; spleoi. 

Mime, n. a farce; actor in a 

Mim'ic \i. & p. mim'icked : p. 
mim'ickiiig], v. a. to imitate 
for sport: -ry, n. 

Mim'ic, M. one who mimics: — 
a. imitative. 

Min'aret, n. spire on a mosque. 

Mind, n. the thinking faculty; 
choice: — v. to he«l, obey: 
-«d, a. disposed: -ful, a. 

Mine, pron. belonging to me: 
— n. place where ores, &c., 
are dug; buried or sunken 
explosive charge: — v. to dig 
ores; sap; lay with explosive 

Min'eral, n. substance con- 
taining a metal: -ize, v. a. to 
give the properties of a min- 
eral to. 

Mineral'ogy, n. science of 
minerals: mineralog'ical, 
a.: mineral'ogist, n. 

Min'cle, v. to mix, blend. 

Min'iatttre (minl-tur), n. a 
small portrait. 

Min'im, n. a drop. 

Min'imum, n. the least quan- 
tity possible: pi. min'ima. 

Min^ion (-yun), n. a favor- 
ite; a small printing type. 

Min'ister, n. an agent; an 
officer of state; a pastor: — 
V. to wait on; supply: min- 
isterial, a.: ministra'tion, 
M.: min'istry, n. 

Mink, n. a kind of weasel. 

Melo'dious, a. musical. 

Min'now, n. a very small fish. 

Mi'nor, a. less, smaller: — n. 
one under the age of ax: 
minority, n. 

Min'otaur, n. a monster, half 
man, half bull. 

Minister, n. a monastery; ca- 
thedral church. 

Min'strel, n. one who plays 
music and sings: -sy, n. 

Mint, n. iJace for coining:— 
v.a. to coin: mintage, n. 
coinage: cost of coining. 

Min'uena, n. the number from 
which another ntunber is to 
be subtracted. 

Min'ttet, n. a stately dance. 

Mi'nus, n. the sign — , denot- 
ing subtraction. 

Minute' (-natO, a. very small. 

Min'ttte (-ut or -it), n. 6oth 
part of an hour; a brief note: 
— v.a. to set down briefly. 

Minu'tis (-shT-e), the 
smallest details. 

Minx, n. a pert, wanton girl. 

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Mir'acle, n. a supernatural 
event, wonder: mirac'u- 
lotts, a. 

Mirage' (me-rftzhO, n. an op- 
tical illusicm in which dis- 
tant objects are seen. 

Mire, n. soft, wet earth. 

Mir'ror, n, a looking-glass. 

Mirth, n. merriment, jollity, 
gayety: -ful, a. 

Mis'anthrope, misan'thro- 
pist, n. a hater of mankind. 

Mfsan'thropy, n. hatred of 
mankind: ais. misanthrope- 
ic, misanmrop'ical. 

Misapply^, apply wrongly: 
misapplica'tion, n . 

Misapprehend', v.a. to mis- 
understand: misapprehen'- 
sion, n. 

Misbehave', v. to act improp- 
erly: misbehav'ior, n. 

Misbelief, n. a wrong belief. 

Miscal'cuiate, vui. to reckon 

Miscar^ry, v.n. to fail; bring 
forth young prematurely: 
miscar^riage, n. 

Miscella'neous, a. of various 
kinds: mis^cellany, n. 

Mischance', n. ill luck. 

Mis'chief (-chif), n. harm: 
mis'chievous (-chiv-us), a. 

Misconceive', v. to misjudge. 

Miscon'dttct, n. bad conduct 

Miscon'strue (-strdO), v.a. to 
interpret or construe wrong: 
misconstruc'tion, n. 

Miscounf , V. to count wrong. 

Mis'creant, n. a vile wretch 

Misdate', v.a. to date wrongly 

Misdeed', n. a bad action. 

Misdemean', vm. to behave 
ill: -or, n. a petty crime. 

Misdirecf , v. to direct wrong, 

Mi'ser, n. one very covetous. 

Mis'erabie, a. wretched. 

Mi'seriy, a. stingy, mean. 

Mis'ery, n. wretchedness. 

Misforf une, n. calamity. 

Misgive', v.a. to give wrongly; 
fiU with doubt. 

Misgoy'em, v. to govern ill. 

Misguide', v. to guide wrongly. 

Mishap', n. ill chance, mis- 

Misinform', v.a. to inform 
wrongly: ^tion, n. 

Misinter'pret, v.a. to inter- 
pret wrongly: -a'tion, n. 

Misjudge', v.a. to judge 

Mislays v.a. to lay in a wrong 

Mislead', v.a. to misguide. 

Misman'age, v. to manage ill. 

Misno'mer, n. a wrong name. 

Misog'ynist (ml-soji-nist), n. 
a woman-hater. 

Misplace', v. to place wrongly. 

Mi^rinf , v.a. to print wrong- 
ly: — ». an error in print. 

Mispronounce', v. to pro- 
nounce wrongly: mispro- 
nuncia'tion, n. 

Misquote', v.a. to quote incor- 

Misrepresenf , v.a. to repre- 
sent falsely: ^a'tion, n. 

Misrule', n. disorder, bad rule. 

Miss, n. an unmarried or 
young lady; sense of loss: v. 
to fail to hit; feel the want of. 

Mis'sal, n. Roman Catholic 

Misshape', v. a. to shape ill. 

Mis'sile, n. anything to be 

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Mis'sion, n . duty on which one 
is sent; persons sent: -«ry, 
n. one sent to propagate re- 

Mis'^sis, n. mistress, Mrs. 

Mis'sive, a. sent, or to be sent: 
— n. a letter. 

Misspell'. V. to spell wrongly. 

Misspend', v.a. to spend ill. 

Misstate', v.a. to state incor- 
rectly: -ment, n. 

Mist, n. vapor in the air: -y, a. 

Mistake', v. to take or under- 
stand wrongly, err: mis- 
take'. It. 

Mis'ter, n . sir, Mr. 

Mis'tletoe (nizl-to), i 
evergreen plant sometimes 
found on tiie oak, &c. 

Mis'tress, n. a woman who 

Mistrasf , n. & v. distrust. 

Misunderstand', v.a. to un- 
derstand wrongly: -ing, n 

Misuse' (-uz'), v.a. to use ill, 
abuse: misus'ase, n. 

Misuse' (-US') , n. improper use. 

Mite, n. very small insect; a 

Mif igate, v.a. to alleviate, 
soften: mitiB^'tion, n. 

Mi'tre (mi'ter), n. crown worn 
by archbishops, &c. 

Mirten, n. a hand covering. 

Mix, V. to mingle: mizf ure, n. 

Miz'zen, n. a sail of a ship. 

Miz'zle, v.n. to rain fine drops: 
— ». small rain. 

Mnemon'ics (ne-), n. art of 
assisting the memory: mne- 
mon'ic, a. 

Moan, V. to lament: — n. low 
sound of grief, &c. 

Moat, M. trench round a casde. 

Mob, n. a riotous rabble. 

Mo'bile. a. moving easily: 
bil'ity,*.: mo'bilize,'i\a. 

Moc'casui , n. Indian shoe. 

Mock, VM. to mimic, deride: a. 
feigned: n. ridicule: -ery, n. 

Mode, n. method, manner. 

Mod'el, n. an}^hing to be imf' 
tated: — v.a. to plan, shape. 

Mod'erate, a. not extreme or 
excessive: — v. to regulate, 
make or become less intense: 
-a'tion, n.: mod'erator, n. 

Mod'em, a. recent, of the 
present time: -ize, v.a. 

Mod'est, a. diffident, unas- 
suming, chaste: mod'esty, n. 

Mod'icum, n. a small portion. 

Mod'ify, v.a. to qualify, 
change: modifica'tion, n. 

Mod'iw, a. fashionable. 

Mod'ulate, v.a. to regulate, 
vary,inflect:modula'tion, n. 

Moliair, n. goat's hair, or 
stuff made of it. 

Moham'medan, n. a follower 
of Mohammed. 

Moi'ety, n. half, a portion. 

Moist, a. damp, wcttish: 
mois'ten (moi'sn), v.a.: 
moisf ure, n. 

Mo'lar, a. for grinding:— «. a 
double tooth. 

Molas'ses, n. sugar sirup. 

Mole, n. spot on the body; 
mound, wall; an animal. 

Mol'ecule (m6l'e-kul), n. mi- 
nute particle: molec'ular, a. 

Molest^, v.a. to disturb, 
trouble: molesta'tion, n. 

Mollifjr, v.a. to soften, pacify: 
moUmca'tion, n. 

Mol'ten (mSl'tn), a. melted. 

Mol'lusk, n. a shell-fish. 

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Mo'ment, n. an instant; im- 
portance: -ary, a. instan- 

Momentous, a. important. 

Momen'tum. n. the force of a 
moving bodyi^/.momen'ta. 

Mon'achism, ». monastic life. 

Hon'ad, n. an indivisible par- 

Mon'arch, n. sole ruler, sov- 
ereign: -ist, «.: -y, n.: ajs. 
monarch'ic, -ical. 

Hon'astery, n. abbey .convent. 

Honas'tic, a. relating to 
monks or nuns: monas'- 
ticism, n. 

Hon'day, n. 2d day of week, 

Hon'ey (muni), n. coin, bank- 
notes, &c.: mon'etary, a. 
mon'eved (mun'id), a. 

Mon'Crel (mung'rel), a. of a 
mixed breed: mon'crel, n. 

Honi'tion (-nish'un), ». an ad- 
monishing, warning, notice: 
monitor, n.: monito'rial, 
a.: mon'itory, a.: mon'i- 

Monk (mungk), n. a religious 
male recluse: -ish, a. 

Mon'key (mung'kT), ». ape. 

Mon'ody» ». solo song of grief. 

Monog'amy, n. marriage to 
one husband or wife only. 

Hon'osram, n. a character 
composed of letters inter- 

Mon'osraph, n. a written ac 
count of a single object. 

Mon'olosue, n. soliloquy. 

Monoma'nia (mon-d), n. in 
sanity on one subject: mon- 
oma'niac, n. 

Mono'mial, a. having one 

Mon'oplane, n. a fl)ring-ma- 
chine with one plane. 

Monop'oly, n. sole right to 
deal in a thing: monop'o- 
list, n.: monop'ollze, v. a. 

Mon'osyllable»«. word of one 
syllable: -syllab'ic, a. 

Mon'otheism* n. belief in one 

Mon'otone, n. sameness of 
tone or pitch: monoto- 
nous, a.: monotony, n. 

Mon'otype, n. machine that 
sets and casts single types. 

Monsoon', n. a periodical 
trade- wind. 

Monaster, n. something un- 
natural or horrible: mon- 
strosity, ».: mon'strous, a. 

Month (munth), n. one of the 
twelve divisions of the year: 
-ly, a., »., & ad. 

Mon'ument, n. a memorial, a 
tomb: monumen'tal, a. 

Mood, «. temper of mind; form 
of conjugation of a verb. 

Mood'y, a. peevish, sour. 

Moon, n. the luminary of the 
night: -shine, «. 

Moor, f». heath, marsh: — v.a, 
to fasten, as a ship: ^age, n. 
station for mooring: -in^, 
n. pi. means to moor a ship; 
place of a ship moored. 

Moose, n. the American elk. 

Moot, V. to discuss: — a. de- 
batable, to be discussed. 

Mope, v.n. to be dull, sad, or 
stupid: mope, n . dull person. 

Mor'al, a. pertaining to the 
duties of life, right, virtu- 
ous: — n. practical lesson; 
pi. principles: -ist, «.: -izc, 
v.: morarity, n. 

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Morass', n. a bog, marsh. 

Mor'bid, a. diseased, sickly. 

Morda'ciotts, a. biting; sar- 
castic: mordacity, ». 

Mor'dant, ». a substance to 
fix colors in dyeing. 

More, a. comp. of many and 

Moreo'ver, ad. besides. 

Morgue (morg), ». a place 
w^re the belies of persons 
found dead are exposed. 

Mom, n. morning. 

Mom'ing, n. first part of day. 

Moroc'co, n. a fine leather. 

Morose', a. crabbed, sour. 

Mor'phine (fin), «. the nar- 
cotic principle of opium. 

Mor'sel, n . a bite, small piece. 

Mor'tal, a. liable to die; dead- 
ly:-— ». a human being. 

Mortal'ity, n. mortal state; 
death; mankind. 

Mor'tar, n. vessel for bruising 
drugs, &c.; cannon to throw 
bombs; cement. 

Mortgage (mor'gij), n. a lien 
on property as pledge for the 
payment of a debt: morf- 
gage, v.a.: mortgagee' 
(-J60. «•. mortgageor', n. 

Mor'tity, v. to gangrene, cor- 
rupt; humble: -fica'tion, ». 

Mor'tise (-tis), n. a hole cut 
in wood for a tenon: mor'- 
tise, v.a. 

Morfmain, n. condition of 
an inalienable estate. 

Morfuary, a. belonging to the 
burial of the dead. 

Mosa'ic (-za'ik), n. inlaid 
work of pieces of colored 
marble, glass, &c.: — a. re- 
lating to Moses. 

Moselle' (-zel'), n. a wine. 

Mosque (mosk), n. a Moham- 
medan temple. 

Mosqui'to (-ke'to), «. a biting 
gnat: pi. mosqui'toes. 

Moss, n. a plant: -y, a. 

Most, a. superl. of more. 

Mote, n. a particle, speck. 

Moth, n. an insect. 

Moth'er, n. a female- parent: 
-hood, n.: -less, a.: -ly, a. 

Moth'er-in-law, n. mother of 
one's husband or wife. 

Mo'tion, n. movement; prop- 
osition in an assembly. 

Mo'tive, a. that causes to act: 
. inducement, incentive. 

Motley, a. of various colors. 

Mo'tor, n. a mover. 

Mo'tor-boat, n. a boat carry- 
ing its own motor or engine. 

Mo'tor-car, n. an automobile. 

Mof to, n. a sentence; used as 
a sign or token. 

Mould <mdld), n. rich soil; a 
fungus; matrix, model. 

Mould, V. to become mouldy; 
form in a mould, shape. 

Mould'er, v.n. to crumble to 

Mottld'y, a. overgrown with 
mould or fungus. 

Moult (molt), v.n. to shed 
feathers, &c. 

Mound, n. a heap, bank. 

Mount, n. a mountain: — v. to 
rise aloft, ascend. 

Moun'tain (-tin), n. very high 
hill: -eer', n.: -ous, a. 

Moun'tebank, n. quack doc- 
tor, pretender. 

Mourn, v. to grieve, lament. 

Mouse, n. little animal: pi, 

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Mouse (mows), v.n. to catch 
mice; pry about. 

Mouth, n. opening between the 
jaws; an opening: -ful, n. 

Mouth (mow/A), v.a. to rant. 

Moveables (m66v'-). fur- 
niture, &c., that may be 

Move (mOOv), if. to change or 
cause to change place; af- 
fect; propose: moveable, a. 

Mov'ibg picf uret, pictures 
thrown on a screen, show- 
ing persons or objects in 

Mow, n. pile of hay in a bam. 

Mow (mo), VM. to cut down 
with a scythe. 

Much, a. great in quantity. 

Mu'cilace, n. a thick, sticky 
fluid: mucilag'inous (-s!- 
lajl-nus), a. 

Muck, n. moist dung, &c. 

Muck'-raker, n. one who ex- 
ploits public evils in print: 
muck'-raking, n. 

Mu'cus, n. a slimy fluid: mu'- 
cous, a. 

Mud, n. wet earth, mire. 

Mud'dle, v.a. to make muddy; 

Mud'dy, a. foul with mud: — 
v.a. to make muddy. 

Muff, n. a case for the hands 

Muffin, n. kind of light cake. 

Muffle, vM. to wrap closely. 

Mug, n. a drinking-cup.* 

Muf'gy, a. close and damp. 

Mulaf to, " ' 

Muleteer', n. mule-driver. 

Mu'lish, a. obstinate. 

Mull, v.a. to heat and sweeten, 
&c., as wine. 

Mul'let, n. a sea-fish. 

Muriion, n . upright bar in a 

Multifa'rious, a. of various 

Mul'tiform, a. of many forms. 

Multino'mial, a. having many 

Multip'artite, a. having many 

Mul'tiple, n. number which 
exactly contains another a 
number of times. 

Multiplicand', n. the number 
to be multiplied. 

Multiplic'ity, «. great variety. 

Mul'tiply, V. to increase in 
number: multiplica'tion, n. 

Mtil'titude, n. many; a crowd: 
multitu'dinous, a. 

Mum, a. silent. 

Mum'ble, v. to half utter. 

Mum'mery, n. a masking, 
false show; buffoonery. 

Mum'my, n. a dead body em- 

Mump'ish, a. sullen. 

Mumps, a disease of the 
glands of the neck. 

Munch, V. to chew. 

Mun'dane, a. of this world. 

Municipal (-nis'-), a. pertain- 
ing to a city or corporation, 
&€.: municipal'ity, n. 

Munificent, a. liberal, boun- 
tiful: munificence, n. 

Mu'niment, n. a fortification; 
pi. title-deeds, &c. 

offspring of a 

white and a negro. 
Muin>erry, n. tree and berry. 
Mulct, n. a fine: — v.a. to fine. 
Mule, n. offspring of the horse |Muni'tion,n. material for war. 

and ass. Mu'ral, a. pertaining to a wall. 

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Mur'der, n. killing of a hu-l 
man being with premedi-' 
tated malice: mor'aer, v.a.:\ 
-er, «.: -ous, a. 

Muriaf ic, a. from sea-salt. 

Murk'y, a. dark, cloudy. 

Mur'mur, n. a low continu- 
ous sound, complaint: mur'- 
mur, v.n. 

Hur'raiii, n. a cattle plague. 

Hus'cle, n. fleshy fibres. 

Muscova'do, ». imrefined 

Musxular, a. relating to the 
muscles, sinewy, strong. 

Muse, n. one of the nine Greek 
goddesses of music, poetry, 
&c.; deep thought: — v.n. to 

Muse'um, n. a collection of 
curious things. 

Mttsh» n. boileid Indian meal 

Mttsh'room, n. a spongy 

Mu'sic, n. science of harmon- 
ical sounds, melody: mu'- 
sical, a.: musi'cian, n. 

Musk, n. a deer and a strong 
perfume obtained from it. 

Muslcet, n. a hand-gun: -ry 

Musk'melon, n. a melon of a 
musky odor. 

Mtts'lin (muz'-), «. a thin cot- 
ton stuff. 

Mus'saUnan, n. a Moham- 
medan: pi. Mtts'sulmans. 

Must, v.i. to be obliged: — n 
unfermented grape-juice. 

Mustache' (-tash'), n. hair on 
the upper lip. 

Mus'tara, n. a plant and its 
ground seed. 

Mtts'ter, V. to assemble as 
troops: — n. an assembling. 

Mtts'ty, a. mouldy, soured. 

Mu'table, a. changeable: mu- 
tabil'ity, «. 

Mttta'tion, n. chan^. 

Mute, a. dvanb. silent: — n. 
one speechless, dumb person. 

Mtt'tUate, v.a. to maun, cut 
off parts of: mutila'tion, n. 

Mu'tiny, n. insurrection of 
soldiers or sailors: mu'tiny, 
v.n.: mutineer', ».: mu'- 
tinous, a. 

Mttfter, V. to utter indistinct- 
ly, grumble. 

Mut'ton, M. flesh of sheep. 

Mufual (muf-), a. acting in 
return, reciprocal. 

Mttz'zie, n. mouth or snout; a 
fastening for the mouth: — 
v.a. to bind the mouth. 

My'opy, n. near-sightedness. 

Myr'uid (mlrf-ad), n. 10,000; 
an immense number. 

Myr'midon (mer'-), n. one of 
a ruffianly band. 

Myrrh (m6r), n. a strong aro- 
matic gum. 

Myr'tle, n. an evergreen shrub. 

Mys'teiy, n. something hid- 
den or obscure: mirste'ri- 
ous, a. 

Mys'dc, n. one of a sect pro- 
fessing to have direct inter- 
course with God. 

Mys'tic, mirs'tical, a. obscure, 

M3rs'ticism, «. doctrine of the 
mystics; obscure doctrine. 

Mys'tify, v.a. to involve in 
mystery: mystifica'tion, n. 

Myth, n. a fabulous story. 

Mythoroffy, n. system of 
myths: mytholog'ical, a.: 
mythorogist, n. 

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Nab, VM. to seize suddenly. 

Natiob, n. man of great wealth. 

Na'cre {Dafk&c), n. mother-of- 

Na'dir, n. the point opposite 
to the zenith. 

Na^, n. a small horse. 

Na'iad (na'yad), n. a water- 

Nail, n. homy scale on the 
fingers, &c.; spike. 

Na'Ive (n&'€v), a. artless. 

Na'ked, a. unclothed, bare. 

Nam'by-pam'by, a. weak and 
silly, insipid. 

Name, n. that by which a per- 
son or thing is called: — vm. 
to call. 

Namely, ad. that is to say. 

Name'saJke, n. one given the 
same name. 

Nankeen^ n. a cotton cloth. 

Nape, «. neck- joint behhid. 

Naph'tha (nap'tha), n. a fluid 
from coal-tar. 

Nap'kin, n. a cloth used at 

Narcis'sus, n. a flower. 

Narcof ic, a. producing sleep 
or stupor: — n. a medicine 
to produce sleep, &c. 

Narrate', v.a. to relate: nar- 
ra'tion, «.: nar'rative, a. 

Nar'row, a. of little width:— 
V. to contract, make narrow. 

Nar'rows, a strait. 

Nar'whal, «. species of whale. 

Na'sal (-zal), a.^ of the nose. 

Nas'cent,a. beginning to grow. 

Nastur'tium (-tur'shf-ura), n. 
a plant. 

Nas'ty, a. disagreeable. 

Na'tal, a. pertaining to birth. 

Na'tion (na'-), n. a distinct 
peoi^e, a race: na'tional 
(nash'un-), a.: national'- 
ity (nash-un-), n. 

Na'tive, a. of or by birth: — n. 
one bom in any place. 

Nativ'ity, #». birth. 

Naf ural, a. produced by nat- 
ure, not acquired: -ist, ». 
one who studies nature: -ize, 
v.a. to invest with the rights 
of a citizen: -iza'tion, n. 

Nature (nit'yur), n. the vis- 
ible creation; kind, sort. 

Naught (nawt),' n. nothing: — 
a. worthless: -y, a. bad. 

Nau'sea (-she-a), n. sickness 
of the stomach, loathing: 
nau'seate, v.: nau'seous, a. 

Nau'tical, a. relating to navi- 
gation or sailors. 

Nau'tilus, n. kind of shell-fish. 

Na'val, a. relating to ships. 

Nave, «. hub; main body of a 

Na'vel (naM), ». middle point 
of the belly. 

Nav'igate, v. to direct a ship, 
sail: naviga'tion, ».: nav'- 
igator, n. 

Na'vy, n. a nation's ships of 
war, fleet. 

Nay, ad. no. 

Neap, a. low, as neap tide. 

Neat, a. very clean. 

Neat, n. cattle; ox or cow. 

Neb'ula, n. a faint, misty spot 
among the stars: pi. neb'- 
ulae: neb'ulous, a. 

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Hec'essaries, n. pi. things 
needful: nec'essary, a. that 
must be, needful. 

Neces'sitate, v.a. to compel. 

N^ces'sitotu, a. poor, needy. 

Ileces'sity, n. thkt which is 
unavoidable; poverty. 

Neck, n. part between the 
head ana the body: -er- 
chief, n. cravat: -lace, n. 
string of beads, chain, &c., 
for the neck. 

Necrorogy, n . list of deaths. 

Hec'romancy, n. sorcery: 
nec'romancer, n. 

Necrop'olis, n. a cemetery. 

Hec'tar, n. fabled drink of the 
gods: necta'reous, a. 

Nec'tarine (-rin), n. kind of 

Nec'tary, ». honey-cup of a 

Need, n. necessity, want: -ful, 
a.: -less, a. 

Nee'dle, ». instrument to sew 

Heed'y, a. very poor. 

Nefa'rious, a. very wicked. 

Nega'tion, n. denial. 

Neg'ative, a. that denies: — 
that which denies: — v. a. to 
reject by vote. 

Negiecf , v.a. to omit by care- 
lessness, slight: neglecf , n. 
-ful, a. 

Neg'ligent, a. careless, inat 
tentive: negligence, n. 

Nego'tiate (-go'shl-at), v. to 
arrange for, bargain, trans- 
fer, dispose of: nego'tiable, 
a. subject to transfer or sale: 
-a'tion, ».: nego'tiator, n. 

Ne'gro, n. one of the black 
race of Africa. 

Neigh (na), n. cry of a horse. 

Neigh'bor (na'bur). n. one 
who lives near: -nood. «.: 
-ing, a.: -ly, a. friendly. 

Neither (nSfth^r), pron. & 
conj. not either. 

Nem'esis, n. the goddess of 

Neorogism, n. a new word or 

Neorogy, n. the introduction 
of new words or doctrines: 
neorogist, n. 

Ne'ophyte (-fit), n. a new con- 

Neph'ew (nev'y66), n. son of 
a brother or sister. 

Nephritic, a. of the kidneys. 

Nep'otism, n. favoritism to 
one's relations. 

Ne'reid (ne'r6-id), «. a sea- 

Nerve, ». an organ of sensa- 
tion and motion; strength. 

Ner'vine (-vin), a. go<xi for 
the nerves. 

Ner'vous, a. sinewy; having 
diseased nerves. 

Nes'cience (neshf-ens), n. 

Nes'tle (nes'l), v.n. to lie close. 

Nesf ling, n. a young bird in 
the nest. 

Net, n. a texture woven with 
meshes: — a. clear of all 
charges: — v.a. to bring as 
clear profit. 

Neth'er (nf/A'gr), a. lower. 

Neftle, n. a stinging plant: — 
v.a. to irritate, fret. 

Neurargia, n. disease of the 
nerves: neurargic, a. 

Neu'ter (nu'-), a. of neither 
party or sex. 

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Ifett'tral (nQ'-), a. taking no 
part on either side: neu' 
tral, ».: neutrarity, n. 

Ifev'er, ad. not ever. 

Ifew, a. latdy made or seen. 

IVew-fan'gled, a. new-made. 

News, n. fresh accounts. 

News'-monger (-mung-er), n. 
a dealer in news. 

News'paper, n. a paper for 
drciilating news, &c. 

Newt, n. a small lizard. 

Next, a. nearest. 

Nib, n. point of a pen, &c. 

Nib'ble, v.a. to eat by small 

lYiblick, n. a small, narrow 
headed, heavy golf-club. 

Nice, a. exact, fine, delicate 
ni'cety (ni'se-t!), n. 

Niche (nich), n. recess in a 
wall for a statue. 

Nick, n. & v.a. notch. 

Nick'el, n. a whitish metal. 

Nick'name, ». a name given 
in derision or familiarity. 

Uic'otine (tin), n. a poison 
ous liG[uid forming the active 
principle of tobacco. 

ITic'titate, v.n. to wink, blink. 

Niece (nes), n. daughter of a 
brother or sister. 

Nig'gard, n. a miser: -ly, a. 

Nigh, a. near. 

Night (nit), n. time from sun- 
set to sunrise: -gown, n. 
gown worn in bed: -ly, a. 

Nightingale, n. a bird that 
sings at night. 

Nighfmare, «. an oppressive 
sensation during sleep. 

Ni'hilism, n. the doctrines of 
a Russian revolutionary so- 
ciety: Ni'hilist, ft. 

Nihility, n. nothingness. 
Nim'ole, a. quick, active. 
Nim'bus, n. a rain-cloud; cir- 
cle of rays round the head. 
Nine'tieth, a. next after 89th. 
Nin'ny, n. a dunce, simpleton. 
Nip'pers, n. pi. small pmcers. 
Nip'ple, n. a teat. 
Ni'tre (ni'ter), n. nitrate of 

potash, saltpetre: ni'tric, a.: 

ni'trous, a. 
Ni'trate, n. salt of nitric acid. 
Ni'trogen, n. a gas in common 

air: nitrog'enous (-troj'-), a. 
No'ble, a. exalted in rank, 

illustrious, worthy: — ». one 

of high rank: nobil'ity, n. 
No'bleman, n. a noble, peer. 
Noblesse' (-blesO, n. nobles. 
Noctam'bulist, sleep-walker. 
Noctur'nal, a. nightly. 
Nod, V. to bend the head 

quickly: nod, ». 
Nod'dle, «. the head. 
Nod'dy, n. a dunce. 
Node, n. a knot; point at which 

a planet's orbit cuts the 

Nodose', a. knotty. ' 

Nod'ule, n. small lump or 

knot: nod'ular, a. 
Nop:'gin, n. a small mug. 
Noise, n. sound, din: nois'y, a. 
Noi'some, a. hurtful, offensive. 
Nom'ad, n. one of a tribe that 

wanders for pasture or game: 

nomad'ic, a. 
No'menclature (-klat-yur), n. 

the terms of a science. 
Nominal, a. in name only. 
Nominate, v.a. to name for 

office: nomina'tion, n. 
Nom'inative, a. that names: 

». {gram.) case of the subject. 

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Nominee', n. one nominated. 

Non, a prefix meaning Not. 

Non'age, n. minority in age. 

Nonagena'rian, n. one 90 
years old. 

Non'agon, ». nine-sided figure. 

Non'descript, a. not yet de- 
scribed, odd. 

None (nun), pron. & a. no one, 
not any. 

Nonen'tity, n. non-existence; 
a nobody. 

None'such, n. a thing without 
an equal. 

Nonpareil' (-r^Ot *> a thing 
without an equal; a small 
printing type. 

Non'plus, n. & v.a. puzzle. 

Non'sense, n. unmeaning lan- 
guage, absurdity; trifles: 
nonsen'sical, a. 

Non'suit, n. stoppage of a 
suit at law: — v.a. to quash 
in a suit. 

Noo'dle, n. simpleton. 

Nook (n66k), n. a comer, 

Noon, n. midday, 12 o'clock: 
ns. -day, -tide : -ing, n. re 
pose or repast at noon. 

Noose, n. a slipknot: — v.a. to 
tie or catch in a noose. 

Nor'mal, a. according to rule, 
regular, analogical. 

Norm, «. the point opposite 
to the south: -ward, a. & ad. 

North'erly (north'-), a. to- 
ward or from the north. 

North'em (nor/A-), a. in the 

Nose, n. organ^f smell. 

Nose'gay, n. bunch of flowers. 

Nosol'ogy, n. science of dis- 

Nostal'gia, n. homesickness. 

Nos'tril, n. one of the holes 
of the nose. 

Nos'trum, n. quack medicine. 

Nof able (not'-), a. remarkable. 

No'tary, n. an officer who at- 
tests contracts, &c.: nota'- 
rial, a. 

Nota'tion, n. noting, marking. 

Notch, n. a nick, cut. 

Note, n. a mark, remark, let- 
ter; a paper acknowledging 
debt or promising payment: 
— v.a. to notice, jot down. 

Nof ed, a. remarkable. 

Noth'ing (nuth'-), n. nt)t any- 

No'tice, «. heed, information, 
warning: — v.a. to mark or 
see: no'ticeable, a. 

No'tify, v.a. to make known: 
notifica'tion, n. 

No'tion, n. conception, idea, 
opinion: -al, a. fanciful. 

Noto'rious, a. publicly known, 
well known (used m a bad 
sense): notori'ety, n. 

Noun, n. name of anything. 

Nourish (nur'-), v. a. to feed, 
bring up, foster: -ment, ». 

Nov'ely a. new, unusual: — n. 
fictitious tale: -ist, n.: -ty, n. 

Novem'ber, n. the i ith month. 

Nov'ice, n. a bennner. 

Novi'tiate (-vishl-at), n. state 
or time of a novice. 

Now, ad. at the present time: 
now'adays, ad. 

No'wise, ad. in no way. 

Noz'ious, a. hurtful. 

Noz'zle, n. nose, snout. 

Nu'cleus, M. kernel, central 
mass: pi. nu'clei. 

Nude, a. naked: nu'dity, n. 

Nudge, n. a gentle push. 

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Nu'gatory, a. trifling; null. 

Utt^'get, n. a lump of metal. 

Nui'sance (nu'-)i n- some- 
thing offensive or annoying. 

Hull, a. of no force. 

JXnVufy, VM. to make void: 
nullmca'tion, n. 

Hul'lity, n. want of existence 
or of force. 

Numb (num), a. deprived of 

Hum'ber, n. one or more^ 
many: pi. poetry: v. to count. 

Hu'meraDle* a. that may be 

Hu'meral, a. pertaining to or 
consisting of number: — n. 
a figure denoting a number, 
as I, 2, &c. 

Hu'merate, v.a. to number: 
numera'tion, n. 

Ifu'merator, n. upper num- 
ber of a fraction. 

Humer'ical, a. noting number. 

Nu'merous, a. being many. 

Numismaf ics, n. science of 
coins and medals: numis- 
matic, a. 

Num'skuU, n. a dunce. 

Nun, n. a woman who lives in 
a convent. 

Nun'cio (-sht-o), n. an envoy 
from the pope. 

Nuncu'pative, a. verbal, oral. 

Nun'nery, ». a house for nuns. 

Nup'tial (nup'shal), a. relat- 
ing to marriage: -s, 

Nurse, n. one who has the care 
of infants or the sick. 

Nur'sery, n. place for young 
trees; a room for children. 

Nursling, n. little one nursed. 

Nurt'ure (-yur), n. food, edu- 
cation: — V. to nourish, train. 

Nuta'tion, n. small elliptical 
motion of the earth's poles. 

Nuf gall, n. an excrescence on 
the leaves of the oak. 

Nuf meg, n. a spice nut. 

Nu'triment, n. that which 
nourishes, food: nutri'tion, 
n.: ajs. nutri'tious, nu'tri- 

N]anph (nimf), n. a rural 
goddess; a maiden. 

Oaf, n. an idiot. 
Oak, n. a tree: oak'en, a. 
Oak'um, n. old rope fibre. 
Oar, n. implement to row 

boats with. 
O'asis, «. a fertile spot in a 

desert: pL o'ases (-sez). 
Oat (oftener in pi. Oats), «. a 

grain; oafen (d'tn), a. 
Oath, n. a solemn declaration 

with an appeal to God for 

its truth. 

Ob'durate. a. hardened in 

heart: obduracy, «. 
Obe'dient, a. obeymg, dutiful: 

obe'dience, n. 
Obei'sance (6-ba'- or 6-be'-), 

n. a bow or act of reverence. 
Ob'elisk; n. a high slender 

pyramid; the mark f in 

Obese', a. fat, fleshy: obes'ity 

(6-bes'-), n. 
Obey' (-baO. v.a. to do as told. 

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Obfus'cate, v.a. to darken: 
obfusca'tion, n. 

dbit, n. decease; funeral or 
memorial service. 

Obifuary, a. relating to a 
death: — n. notice of a per- 
son's death. 

Ob'ject, n. anything presented 
to the senses or mind; pur- 
pose, end: objec'tive, a. 

Object', V. to oopose, urge in 
opposition: ODJec'tion, n.: 
ODJec'tionable, a.: object- 
or, M. 



Obla'tion, n.offering, sacrifice. 
Ob'ligate, v.a. to bind by 

contract or duty: obliga'- 

tion, n.: obligatory, a. 
Oblige', v.a. to bind or con- 
strain; do a favor to. 
Oblique' (-lek'), a. slanting, 

not direct: obliq'uity (ob- 

lik'wi-), n. 
Oblif erate, v.a. to efface or 

blot out: oblitera'tion, n. 
Obliv'ion, n. forgetfulness. 
Obliv'ious, a. forgetful. 
Oblong, a. longer than broad. 
Obloquy, n. calumny. 
Obnoz'iotta (-nok'shus), a, 

liable; blamable, offensive. 
O'boe (6'bo-T), n. a kind of 

flute blown with a reed. 
Obo'vate, a. egg-shaped. 
Obscene', a. indecent, lewd, 

filthy: obscen'ity, ». 
Obscure', a. dark, not clear 

or distinct: obscura'tion, 

M.: obscu'rity, n. 
Ob'sequies, n. pi. funeral rites. 

Obse'quious, a. meanly com- 
pliant, cringing: -ness, n. 

Observ'atory, n. place for 
making astronomical obser- 

Observe', v. to see, notice, or 
regard; utter: observ'able, 
a.: observ'ant, a.: observ'- 
ance, n.: observa'tion, n. 

Obsoles'cent, going out of use. 

Ob'solete, a. gone out of use. 

Ob'stacle, n. an obstruction. 

Obstef rics, n. midwifery: ob- 
stef rical, a.: -tri'cian, n. 

Ob'stinate, a. stubborn, un- 
yielding: ob'stinacy, n. 

Obstrep'erous, a. clamorous. 

Obstrucf , v.a. to block up, 
hinder: obstruc'tion, ». 

Obtain', v. a. to gain, acquire: 
— V. to get into use: -able, a. 

Obtesf , v.a. to beseech: ob- 
testa'tion, n. 

Obtrude', v.a. to thrust in 
upon when unwelcome: ob- 
tru'sion, n.: obtru'sive, a. 

Obtund', v.a. to blimt. 

Obtuse', a. blunt, stupid; 
greater than a right angle: 
obtu'sion, n. 

Ob'verse, n. side of a coin 
bearing the face. 

Ob'viate, v.a. to remove, as 

Ob'vious, a. plain, evident. 

Occa'sion, «. an occurrence; 
opportunity; need: — v. a. to 
cause: -alt a. occurring only 
at times, casual. 

Oc'cident, n. the west. 

Occidenf al, a. western. 

Oc'ciput, n. back part of the 
head: occip'ital, a. 

Occlu'sion, n. a shutting up. 

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Occulf , a. hidden, secret. 

Occulta'tion, n. an eclipsing. 

Oc'cupy, v.a. to hold posses- 
sion of; employ: oc'cu- 
pancy, n.: oc'cupant, n.: 
occupa'tion, n. 

Occur', V. to come, appear, 
happen: occtir'rence, n. 

O'cean (6'shan), n. a vast 
body of salt water: ocean'ic 
(6-she-an'-ik), a. 

O'chre (o'ker), n. a fine clay 
mostly pale yellow. 

Oc'tagon, n. plane figure of 
eight sides: octag'onal, a. 

Octahe'dron, n. a solid with 
eight faces: octahe'dral, a. 

Octan'gular, a. eight-angled. 

Oc'tant, n. eighth of a circle. 

Oc'tave, n. an eighth. 

Octa'vo, n. a book having 
eight leaves to the sheet. 

Octo'ber, n. the loth month 

Octogena'rian, octog'enary 
(-tojO, n. one 80 years old. 

Octoroon', n. the offspring of 
a quadroon and a white. 

Oc'ular, a. of the eye. 

Oc'ulist, n. an eye-doctor. 

Odd, a. not divisible by 2; 
strange, unusual: odd'ity, n 

Odds, n. difference, inequality 

Ode, n. a lyric poem. 

Ode'on, n. a music theatre. 

O'diouB, a. hateful. 

O'dium, n. hate, hatefulness. 

O'dor, n. scent, fragrance, per- 
fume: -iferouB, a.: -ous, a. 

(Esoph'agus (e-sof-), n. gullet. 

Offal, n. waste meat, garbage. 

Offence', n. an injury, crime, 
sin; displeasure. 

Offend', V. to displease, af- 
front: offen'sive, a. 

Offer, V. to proffer, propose: 
offer, n.: -ing, n. 


Office, n. a public station, 
duty, business; a room: 
of'ncer, ».: offi'cial, a.&n, 

Offi'ciate (-fish'J-), v. to per- 
form the duties of an office. 

Offi'ciotis (-fish'us), a. over- 
forward to do, meddling. 

Oflfing, n. deep sea off from 

Off'scouring, n. refuse. 

Off'set, n. a sprout, shoot; 
something set off as an 
equivalent: — v. a. to cancel 
by an offset. 

Off'spring, n. child or chil- 
dren, issue; thing caused. 

Ogee' (6-je'}, n. a moulding 
wave-Uke m form. 

O'gle (6'gl), V. to stare at 

O'gre (-gur), n. a man-eating 
monster: /ef». o'gress. 

Oh (6), tn<. exclamation of sur- 
prise, pain, &c. 

O&i (om), n. the electrical 
unit of resistance. 

Oil, n. a greasy liquid: -y, a. 

Oinf ment, n. unctuous paste. 

Oleag'inous (-le-aj'-), a. oily. 

Olfac'tory, a. pertaining to 
the sense of smell. 

Olib'anum, n. a gum resin. 

Ol'igarchy, n. government by 
a few: ol'igarch, «.: ajs. 
oligarch'ic, oligarch'ical. 

Olio (5le-6), ». a medley. 

Ol'ive, n. a tree and its fruit; 
a yellowish or brownish 
green color. 

Olym'piad, ». space of four 
years in Grecian history. 

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Ome'ga, n. the last letter of I 
the Greek alphabet. 

Omelet (omiet), n. a pan- 
cake chiefly of eggs. 

O^meiiy n. a sign, prognostic. 

Om'inoUBy a, foreboding evil. 

Omif , v.a. to leave out, fail 
to do: omis'sion, n. 

Om'nibus, n. a kind of coach. 

Omnifa'rious, a. of all kinds. 

Onmlfic, a. all-creating. 

Omnip'otent, a. all-powerful. 

Omnipres'ent, a. present in 
evenr jdace: -pres'ence, n. 

Omni^scient (-nish'ent), a. all- 
knowing: omni'science, n. 


Once (wuns), ad. one time, 

One (wun), a. single in number. 

On'erous, a. burdensome. 

On'ion (un'yun), n. a garden 

On'ly, a. single: — ad. merely. 

On'siaught, ». attack. 

Ontorogy, n. the science of 
being, metaphysics. 

On'ward, ad. forward. 

O'nyx (5'niks), n. a valuable 

■ stone. 

Ooze, n. soft mud: — v.a. to 
exude: ooz'y, a. 

O'pal, n. a precious stone ex- 
hibiting a play of colors. 

Opaque' (o-p§kO, a. dark, not 
transparent: opacity, «. 

O'pen (6'pnJ, v. a. to unclose: 
a. undc^eo; evident; frank. 

Op'era, n. a musical drama: 
operatic, a. 

Op'erate, v.n. to act, work: 
opera'tion, n.: op'erative, 
a.&n.: op'erator, n. 

Operose',a. laborious, tedious. 

Ophlcleide (ofl-klld), n. a 
large brass trumpet. 

Ophtbal'mia, n. inflamma- 
tion of the eye. 

Ophthal'mic, a. relating to 
the eye or to ophthalmia. 

O'piate, n. drug causing sleep. 

Opine% v.n. to think. 

Opinion (-pin'yun), n. judg- 
ment, notion, view: -^teo, 
a. stiff in opinion: -^tive, a. 

O'pium, n. narcotic juice of 
the white poppy. 

Opodeldoc, n. a liniment. 

Opos'sum, n. a small Ameri- 
can quadruped. 

Oppo'nent, n. one opposing. 

(H>portune% a. timely. 

Opportu'nity, n. a fit time. 

Oppose', v.a. to act against, 
resist: opposi'tion, n. 

Op'posite, a. facing, adverse. 

Cypress', v.a. to bear hard 
upon, treat cruelly: -ive, a.: 
-or, n.: oppres'sion, n. 

Opprol)rium, «. scornful re- 
proach, disgrace, infamy: 
opprolbrious, a. 

Oppugn' (-pun'), V. to oppose. 

Op'tative, a. expressing desire. 

Opti'cian, n. maker or seller 
of optical instruments. 

Op'tics, n. the science of light 
and vision: ajs. op'tic, -ical. 

Op'timism, n. doctrine that 
everything is ordered for the 
best: op'tunist, ». 

Op'tion, n. choice: -al, a. 

Op'ulent, a. wealthy: -ence, n. 

(^acle, n. utterance by a 
priest inspired by a deity, 
also the priest or deity; 
authoritative judgment or 
speaker: orac'ular, a. 

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(Vral, a, spoken. 

Or'ange, n. a kind of tree 
and its gold-colored fruit. 

Qr'angery, n. orange garden. 

Orang'-outang' (-5o-tang'), 
n. a species of ape. 

Ora'tion» n. public address. 

Or'ator, n. an eloquent 
speaker: orator'ical, a.: 
or'atory, n. 

Qrato'rio, n. a sacred mu- 
sical drama. 

Orbic'ular, a. spherical. 

Or^it, n. a path of a planet, 
&c.; eye-cavity: orbital, a. 

Or'chestra (kes-), n. the mu- 
sicians of a theatre, also the 
place they occupy: or'ches- 
tral, a. 

Ordain', v. to appoint, decree. 

Or'deal, «. severe trial, test. 

Qr'der, n. regular arrange- 
ment: rule, command; class: 
— v.a. to regulate, manage. 

Or'derly, a. regular: — ». an 
oflScer's messenger. 

Or'dinal, a. noting order. 

Or'dinance, n. law, rule, rite. 

Or'dinary, a. common, usual; 
mean: — ». an ecclesiastical 
judge; a place where meals 
are provided at fixed charges. 

Qrdina'tion, ». an ordaining. 

Qrd'nance, n. artillery. 

Qrd'ure, n. dung. 

Ore, ». metal in mineral state. 

Or'gan, ». a part fitted for a 
special purpose; a musical 
instrument: organ'ic, a, 

Or'ganistn, organic structure. 

Or'ganist, n. a player on an 

Or'ganize, v.a. to form with 
suitable parts: -iza'tion, ». 

Or'gasm, ». acute excitement. 

Or'gy, n. a revel, carouse. 

O'rient, a. eastern, shining: — 
». the east: orient^al, a. 

Orien'talist, n. one versed in 
oriental learning. 

Or'ifice, n. a hole. 

Or'iginy n. beginning, source, 
rise: orig'inal, a. & ».: 
original'ity, n. 

Orig'inate, v. to cause or 
hepn to exist: origina'tion, 
ft.: orig'inator, n. 

O'riole, n. kind of thrush. 

Ori'on, n. a constellation. 

Or'ison (-zun), n. a prayer. 

Orlop, n. a lower deck. 

Or'molu, n. an alloy of copper 
and zinc. 

Or'nament, «. an embellish- 
ment: — v.a. to adorn: orna- 
mental, a. 

Or'nate, a. decorated. 

Ornithology, n. the science 
of birds: omithorogist, n.: 
omitholog'ical, a. 

Orotund', a. pronounced with 
fulness and roundness. 

Or'phan, n. a child who has 
lost either parent or both: 
-age, ». 

Or'ns, n. a plant. 

Or'thodox, a. sound in relig- 
ious doctrine: -y, n. 

Or'thoepy, n. correct pronun- 
ciation: orthoep'ic, a.: or'- 
thoepist, n, 

Orthog'raphy, «. correct spell- 
ing: orthog'rapher, n.: or- 
thographic, a. 

Or'tolan, n. a game-bird. 

Os'cillate, v. to swing as a 
pendulum: osciUa'tion, n.: 
os'cillatory, a. 

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Os'culate, v.a. to kiss. 

Csier (o'zher), n. a willow. 

Os'prey, n. a fish-hawk. 

Os'seous, a. bony, like bone. 

Os'sify, V. to change to bone: 
ossinca'tion, ». 

Ossiv'orous, a. eating bones. 

Osten'sible, a. professed, ap- 

Osten'sive, a. showing. 

Ostenta'tion, n. ambitious 
display: ostenta'tious, a. 

08teol'ogy,».science of bones. 

Osteop'atiiy, n. treatment oi 
disease by manipulating the 
bones, &c.: osteopath'ic,<j.: 
osteop'athist, n. 

Os'tiary, n. mouth of a river 

Os'tracize, v.a. to banish by 
popular vote: os'tracism, n 

Os'trich, n. large African bird 

Oth'er (uth'-), a. & ffron. not 
the same; some one else. 

Ofter, n. a water-animal. 

Oftoman, a. relating to Tur- 
key: n. Turk; sofa; foot-rest. 

Ought (awt), n. anything: — v. 
to be bound by duty. 

Ounce, n. a small weight; ani 
mal like the leopard. 

Ourselves', pron. pi. we or us. 

Oust, v.a. to eject, remove. 

Outcast, n. an exile. 

Ouffit, ». things to fit one out 
as for a voyage: ouf fitter, n 

Outliouse, n. bam, stable, &c 

Outlaad'i^,a .f oreign,stranKe 

OuHaw, v.a. to deprive of the 
protection of the law: ouf- 
law, «.: -ry, «. 

Out^y^ n. sum expended. 

Outlet, «. passage outward. 

Outline, n. exterior line; a 
sketch: — vm. to sketch. 

Ouf rage, n. violence, wanton 
abuse: — v.a. to abuse vio- 
lently: outra'geous, a. 

Out'rider, ». an attendant on 

Outrigger, n. a spar rigged 
out to extend sails. 

Outrighf , ad. entirely. 

Oufset, n. beginning. 

Out'skirt, n. a suburb, border. 

Outstand'ing, a. unpaid. 

Outstrip', V. to leave behind. 

Oufward, a. external. 

Outweigh' (-wa'), v. to exceed 
in weight or importance. 

Outwif , V. to surpass in craft. 

Ouf work, «. an exteiior work. 

Ou'zel (56'zl), n. a thrush. 

O'val, a. egg-shaped. 

O'vary, n. organ for eggs. 

O'vate, a. egg-shaped. 

Ova'tion, «. an outburst of 
popular applause. 

Ov'en (uv'n), n. a place to 
bake in. 

Overbear'ing, a. domineering. 

O'verboard, ad. over a ship's 

Overcasf, v.a. to cloud; sew 
over slightly. 

O'vercoat, n. an outside coat. 

Overcome', v.a. to conquer. 

Oiverdose, n. excessive dose. 

Overhead', ad. aloft, above. 

Overhear', v.a. to hear what 
5 intended for another. 

Over J03r', v.a. to fill with joy. 

O'verland, a. going over land. 

Overload', v. to load too much. 

Overlook', v.a. to oversee; 
fail to see; neglect; exciise. 

Overmuch', a. too much. 

O'verplus, n. surplus. 

Overpow'er, v.a. to subdue. 

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Overreach', v.a, to cheat. 

Overrule', vm. to control. 

Overrun', v. to run or spread 
over; go beyond, exceed. 

Oversee', v.a, to look over, 
superintend: overse'er, n. 

O'versight, n. superintend- 
ence, omission, slip. 

Overstate', v.a. to state too 
highly, exaggerate. 

Overstep', v. to step beyond 

Overstock', v.a. to stock to 

O'vert, a. open, manifest. 

Overtake', v.a. to catch by 

Overthrow', v.a. to upset; 
ruin, defeat: o'verthrow, n. 

O'verture, n. a proposal; 
. (Music) introductory piece. 

Overturn', v.a. to subvert. 

Overween'ing, a. conceited. 

Overwhelm', v.a. to sub- 
merge, overpower, crush. 

Overwork', v.a. to work too 

Overwrooshf , a. worked all 
over; too much worked up 
or excited. 

O'vifonn, a. egg-shaped. 

Ovip'arous, a. producmg eggs. 

Cvoid, a. egg-shaped. 

O'vule, n. the body destined 
to become a seed. 

Owe (6), v.a. to be indebted to. 

Owning, a. due, imputable. 

Owl, n. a nocturnal hooting 
bird: -ish, a. 

Own (fin), a. belonging to. — 
v.a. to possess; confess. 

Ox, n. male bovine animal, 
castrated bull: pi. oz'en. 

Ox'ide, n. compound of oxy- 
gen with an element or rad- 
ical: ox'idate, oz'idire, v. a 

Ox'ygen, n. a gas forming 
part of the air, water, &c. 

Ox'ygenate, ox'ygeniie, v. 
to unite with oxygen. 

O'yer, «. (Law), a hearing; 
copy, as of a deed. 

Oys'ter, «. a bivalve shell-fish. 

Pab'ulum, n. food. 

Pace, «. a step, space between 
the feet in walking, gait: — 
VM. to measure by steps. * 

Pacific, a. peaceful, calm. 

Pac'ify, v.a. to appease, quiet: 
pacifica'tion, n.: pacinca'- 
tor, ».: pacificatory, a. 

Pack, n. a bundle: -age, n. 

Pack'et, n. a small pack; a 
vessel pl]dng regularly be- 
tween ports. 

Pact, ft, 9 compact, contract. 

Pad, n, a highway robber. 

Pad'dle, n. a broad short oar. 

Pad'dock, n. small pasture lot. 

Padlock, n. a hanging lock. 

Pae'an, n. a song of triumph. 

Pa'gan, n. a heathen: -ism, n. 

Page, n. one side of a leaf. 

Page, n. a bo^-servant. 

Pag'eant (p&j'ant), n. pomp- 
ous show: -ry, n. 

Pagina'tion (p&j-), n. paging: 
pag'inal, a. 

Pagcrda, n. in southeastern 
Asia, a sacred tower. 

;Pail, n. a vessel for water, &c. 

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iste: pal'atal, a. & » 
a'tial, a. befitting a palace, 

Fain, n. distress, suffering: 

-ful, a.: -less, a. 
Pains, n. labor, care. 
Paint, V. to color, represent 

by colors: paint, n.: -ing, n. 
Painf er, n. one who paints; a 

rope to fasten a boat. 
Pair, «. two, a couple. 
Pal'ace, n. splendid mansion. 
Pal'adin, n. wandering knight. 
Palanquin' (-kenO, n. in 

India, &c., a covered litter 

borne by men. 
Pal'atable, a. pleasing to the 

Palmate, ». roof of the mouth; 

PaU'tl . 

Paratine (-tin), n. a noble 

with royal privileges. 
Pala'ver (-la'-), n. flattering 

Pale, a. whitish, wan: — n. a 

pointed stake; a limit. 
Paleog'raphyj n. study of 

ancient writmgs. 
Paleontol'ogy, n. science of 

fossils. » 
Pal'ette (-et), n. the board for 

an artist's colors. 
Pal'frey (pawl'-), n. a saddle- 
Palisade', n. a fence of stakes 

set up for defence. 
Pall (pawl), n. a cloak; cloth 

over a coffin: — v.n. to grow 

Palla'dium, n. a statue of 

Pallas; a safeguard. 
Pal'let, f». a small or rude bed. 
Palliate, v.a. to excuse or 

soften, extenuate: pallia'- 

tion, ».: palliative, a. & n. 

Pal'lid, a. pale, wan. 

Palm (pam), ». a tree; inner 
part of the hand; a hand- 
breadth, or 3 inches: — v.a. 
to impose by fraud. 

Palmefto, n. a species of 
pahn-tree: pi palmeftoes. 

Pal'miped, a. web-footed. 

Pal'mistry, n. art of telling 
fortimes by the palm of the 

Pabn Sunday, the Sunday be- 
fore Blaster. 

Palm'y (pamf), a. flourishing. 

Pal'pable, a. that may be felt, 
plain, obvious. 

Pal'pitate, v.i. to beat as the 
heart: palpita'tion, n. 

Pal'sy (pawl'zl), n. paralysis. 

Pal'ter (pawl'-), v. to quibble. 

Pal'try, a. mean, petty. 

Pam'pas, n.pL vast plains. 

Pam'per, vm. to feed well, in- 

Pam'phlet, n. a small stitched 
book: -eer', «. a writer of 

Panace'a, n. an all-healing 
remedy, universal medicine. 

Pan'creas, n. a fleshy gland. 

Pan'dect, n. treatise contain- 
ing the whole of a science. 

Pandemo'nium, n. abode of 
all the demons, place full of 

Pan'der, n. a pimp: — v.n. to 
minister to one's lusts. 

Pan'dour, ». a Hungariai. 
foot-soldi»: in the Austrian 

Paneffyr'ic (-jVik), n. a 
eulogy, encomium: ajs. pan- 
egyr'ic, -ical: panegyr'ist» 
».: pan'ecnize^ v.a. 

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Pan'el, n. a square in a door, 
&c.: a list ot jurors. 

Pan'ic, n. unreasoning fright, 

Pan'nier (-yer), n. one of two 
baskets slung across a horse. 

Pan'oply, n. full suit of armor. 

Panora'ma (-ra'-), n. a pic- 
ture showing the landscape 
all around: panoram'ic, a. 

Pan'sy, n. a kind of violet. 

Pant, v.n. to breathe violently. 

Pantalet8^ long drawers. 

PantaloonB^ trousers. 

Pan'theism, n. doctrine that 
the whole universe is God: 
pan'theist, n.: -theis'tic, a. 

Pan'ther, n. spotted beast. 

Pan'tograph, n. a copying 

Pan'tomime, n. a represen- 
tation in dumb show: pan- 
tomimic, a. 

Pap, n. a nipple: soft food. 

Papa' (-pa'), n. father. 

Pa'pacy, n. office or authority 
of the Pope: pa'pal, a. 

Papav'erous, a. poppy-like. 

Pa per, n. a substance to write 
on. &c. 

Papier-mach^ (pap'ya-mS'- 
sha), n. pulped paper to 
make wares. 

Papiliona'ceous (-na'shus), a. 
like a butterfly. 

Pap'illary, a. pertaining to 
niijples or protuberances. 

Pa'pist, n. a Roman Catholic: 
ais. papis'tic, papis'tical. 

Pappoose', n. an Indian babe. 

Pap3r'ru8, n. an Egyptian 
plant, from which paper was 
anciently made; also the 
paper, or a manuscript writ- 
ten upon it. 

Par, n. state of equality: equal 
or full value; face value. 

Par'able, n. a story or fable 
to illustrate some doctrine. 

Parab'ola, n. a conic section. 

Paraboric, parabol'ical, a. 
relating to a parable or a 

Par'achute (-shoot), n. kind 
of umbrella for descending 
safely from a balloon. 

Par'aclete (-klet), n. advocate. 

Parade', n. pompous display: 
— V. to display pompously. 

Par'adigm (-dim), n. example. 

Par'adise, n. place of bliss, 
heaven; paradisi'acal, a. 

Par'adox, n. an apparently 
absurd but true statement: 
-ical, a. 

Par'amn, n. a waxy substance. 

Par'agon, n. a perfect model. 

Par'agraph, n. a distinct part 
of discourse; the mark %. 

Par'allax. n. difference be- 
tween the apparent place of 
a celestial body and its real 

Par'allel, a. side by side and 
equally distant in all parts; 
like: par'allel, n.: -ism, n. 

Par'allel, v.a. [i. & p. par'- 
alleled], to match, equal. 

Parallel'ogram, n. a four- 
sided plane figure having its 
opposite sides , parallel. 

Parallelopi'ped,' n. a solid 
bounded by six plane faces, 
each of wluch is parallel to 
its opposite. 

Paral'ysis, n. loss of motion 
in any part of the body: 
paralyt'ic, a. & n.: par*- 
alyze, v. a. 

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Par'amount, a. superior, chief 

Par'amour, ». a lover (In a 
bad sense).' 

Par'apet, n. a breastwork. 

Paraphema'lia, n. pi. orna- 
ments, trappings. 

Par'aphrase, n. explanation 
in xxaaiy words, loose or free 
translation : par^aphrase, v. : 
paraphras'tic, a. 

Par'asite, n. a flatterer, 
* hanger-on: ajs. parasitic, 

Par'asol, ». a small umbrella. 

Pax^boil, v.a. to boil in part. 

Par'cel, n. small bundle, por- 
tion: — v.a. to divide mto 

Parch, v.a. to dry, scorch. 

Parch'ment, n. skin of a 
sheep or goat prepared to 
write on. 

Pard. n. leopard. 

Par'don (-dn), v. a. to forgive: 
— n. forgiveness: -^ble, a. 

Pare, v.a. to cut oflE the sur- 
face of. 

Pare^or'iCy n. tincture of 

Par'ent, n. father or mother: 
-age, «.: parent'al, a. 

Paren'thesis, n. an explan- 
atorv clause put in the 
marks ( ); the marks (): pl 
paren'theses (-sez): ajs. 
parenthetic, -thef ical. 

Parhelion, n. a mock sun: 
pi. parhelia. 

Pa'riah (pft'-), n. an outcast. 

Parking, n. what is pared off. 

Par'ish, n. a district under 
one pastor: parishioner, ». 

Par'ity, n. equality. 

Park, n. an enclosure of land. 

Parlance, n. speech, talk. 

Par'ley, v.n. to treat by word 
of mouth, talk: — n. talk. 

Parliament, n. British legis- 
lature: parliamentary, a. 

Par'lor, n. a sitting-room. 

Paro'chial (-kl-), a. of a parish. 

Par'ody, n. a ludicrous imita- 
tion of a poem, &c. 

Par'ol, a. oral. 

Parole', n. word, promise. 

Paron'ymous, a. alike in 
sound, but different in 
meaning and spelling: par'- 
onym, ». 

Par'oquet (-ket), n. a parrot. 

Parofid, a. relating to a 
gland under the ear. 

Par'oxysm, n. a violent fit. 

Parquef (par-ka'), n. the 
lower floor of a theatre, pit. 

Par'quetry, n. inlaid wood- 

Par'ricide, n. the murder or 
murderer of a parent: par- 
rici'dal, a. 

Par'rot, n. a tropical bird. 

Par'ry, v.a. to ward off. 

Parse, v.a. to show the gram- 
matical construction of. 

Parsimo'nious, a. penurious, 
sparing, niggardly: par'si- 
mony, ». 

Parsley, n. a garden plant. 

Pars'nip, n. a garden root. 

Par'son, ». a clergyman: -age, 
n. a parson's house, &c. 

Partake', v. to take part, share. 

Parterre' (-tair'), n. a system 
of flower-beds; part of the 
floor of a theatre. 

Par'tial (-shal), a. inclined 
to favor one party; not 
total: partiality, n. 

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Partic'ipate, v. to partake, 
share: partic'ipant, a.&n.: 
participa'tion, «.: paftic'- 
ipator» n. 

Par'ticiple, «. a word like 
both verb and noun or ad- 
jective: particip'ial, a. 

Par' tide, n. a minute part; an 
indeclinable word. 

Partic'ular, a. not general 
individuail; exact, nice: — n 
a single case or point: -ize, 
v.: particular'ity, n. 

Par'tisaii (-zan), n. party man. 

Parti'tion, n. a dividing; a 
dividing wall or part: — v.a. 
to divide: par'titive, a. 

Parf ner, n. a partaker or 
sharer, as in a business 
venture: -ship, n. 

Par'tridge, n. a bird of game 

Partu'rient, a. bringing forth 
young: parturi'tion, n. 

Par'ty, ». a body of persons. 

Par'ty-corored, a. variegated 

Par'venu, n. an upstart. 

Pas'chal (kal), a. relating to 
the passover. 

Pasha' (-shaw'), n. a Turkish 

Pasquinade', n. a lampoon. 

Pass, V. to go onward, go; 
pass, n.: -able, a.: -age, n. 

Pas'senger, n. traveller. 

Pas'sion, n. rage; excited 
state, ardent love: -ate, a. 

Pas'sive, a. not active, unre- 

Pass'over, n. feast of the Jews. 

Pass'port, n. a license to 
travel abroad. 

Pass'word, n. watchword. 

Paste, n. a sticky substance: 
-board, n. thick, stiflF paper, 

Pas'tel, H. a roll of paste 
used for a crayon. 

Pas'tem, n. part of a horse's 
foot next above the hoof. 

Pas'til (-titt), pastUle' (-tel'). 
n. perfumed cone of paste to 
be burnt; medicated lozenge. 

Pas'time, n. sport, play. 

Pas'tor, n. shepherd, clergy- 

Pas'toral, a. relating to a 
pastor, rural: — n. poem of 
country life. 

Pas'torate, n. office of a 

PM'try (pas'-), «. pie, cake, &c. 

Pas'turage, ». pasture. 

Pasf ure, n. land for grazing: 
— V. to feed on ^rass. 

Pas'ty (pas'tl), a- hke paste. 

Pat, a. fit: — v.a. to tap. 

Patch, n. a piece: — v. to mend 
with a patch: -work, n. 

Pate, n. the head. 

Paf ent (pat'- or pi'-), a. open, 

Paf ent, n. an exclusive priv- 
ilege granted by govern- 
ment: V. to secure by patent. 

Patentee', n. one who has a 

Pater'nal, a. fatherly. 

Pater'nity, n. fatherhood. 

Pa'ter-nos'ter, n. the Lord's 

Path, n. a way trodden. 

Pathefic, a. affecting, sad. 

Pathol'ogy, n. science of 
disease: patholog'ical, a.: 
pathol'ogist, n. 

Pa'thos, n. feeling, sadness. 

Pa'tient (pa'shent)» a. suffer- 
ing without complaint: — n. 
one sick: pa'tience, n. 

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Patois' (pat-wa'), n. dialect. 
Pa'triardi (-ark), n. father 

and ruler of a family: ais. 

patriarch'al, patriarch'ic. 
Patri'cian, a. & «. noble. 
Pat^rimony, n. inheritance 

from one's father: patrimo'- 

nial, a. 
Pa'triot, n. lover of his country: 

-ism, n.: patriotic, a. 
Patrol' (-trolO, v. to go the 

rounds, as a sentry: — n. a 

guard who goes the rounds. 
Pa'tron, n. one who protects, 

favors, &c.:/«m. -ess: paf- 

ronage, ».: patronize, v.a. 
Patronymic, n. name formed 

from that of an ancestor. 
Paf ten, n. base of a pillar; a 

wooden shoe-sole. 
Paf ter, v.n. to strike, as hail. 
Paf tern, n. a model. 
Pat'ty, n. a little pie. 
Pau'city, n. fewness. 
Paunch, n. the belly. 
Pau'^er, n. a poor person 

maintained at the public 

expense: -ism, ».: -ize, v.a. 
Pause, n. & v.n. stop. 
Pave, v.a. to lay with stone, 

brick, &c.: -ment, n. 
Pavil'ion, n. a tent, building. 
Paw, n. foot of a dog, cat, &c. 
Pawn, n. & v.a. pledge as 

security: pawn1>roker, n. 
Pay, v.a. to discharge, as a 

debt: -ee', ».: -ment, n. 
Pea (p6), n. a plant and its 

fruit: pi. peas and pease. 
Peace, n. freedom from war, 

quiet: peace'able, a.: -ful, n. 
Peach, n. a tree and its fruit. 
Pea'cock, n. a large, beauti- 
ful fowl:/(pm. pea'hen. 

Peak, n. pointed top or end. 

Peal, n. a loud sound as of 
thunder, &c. 

Pear (pair), n. tree and fruit. 

Pearl, n. a shining gem found 
in the oyster, &c.: -y, a. 

Pearl'ash, n. purified potash. 

Peas'ant (pez'-), n. a country 
laborer, a rustic: -ry, n. 

Peat. n. turf for fuel. 

Peb'ble, n. small, roundish 
stone: peb'bly, a. 

Pecan', n. a species of Ameri- 
can hickory and its nut. 

Pec'cable, a. liable to sin. 

Peccadil'lo, n. a petty fault. 

Pec'cant, a. sinning, corrupt: 
pec'cancy, n. 

Peck, n. fourth of a bushel: — 
V. to strike as with the beak. 

Pec'toral, a. relating to the 
breast or chest. 

Pec'ulate, v.a. to embezzle, as 
public money: pecula'tion, 
n.: pec'tilator, n. 

Pecul'iar (-kul'yar), a. be- 
longing to one only, singu- 
lar, strange: peculiar'ity, n. 

Pecun'iary (-kon's^-rl), a. re- 
lating to money. 

Ped'affOgue, n. school -master. 

Pe'daf, a. belonging to a foot. 

Ped'al, n. foot-key of an or- 
gan, &c. 

Ped'ant, n. one who makes a 
vain display of learning: 
pedan'tic, a.: ped'antry, n. 

Ped'dle, v. to travel about and 
sell: ped'dler, pedler, or 
pedlar, n. See Pedler. 

Ped'estal, n. base of a pillar, 

Pedes'trian, a. going on foot: 
. foot -traveller. 

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Ped'icree» n. lineage, descent 

Ped'imenty n. triangular part 
over a portico, door, &c. 

Ped'ler, n. a travelling trader. 

Pedobap'tism, ». infant bap 

Pedom'eter, n. an instrument 
for measuring distance trav- 

Peel, V. to strip off. 

Peep, v.n. to look slyly; cry as 
young birds. 

Peer, n. an equal; nobleman 
/em. peer'ess: -age, n. the 
rank or body of nobles. 

Peerless, a. unequalled. 

Peev'ish, a. fretful. 

Pelf^ n. money, riches. 

Perican, n. a large water-fowl 

Pelisse' (-lesO, n. cloak or robe 

Pel'let, n. a little ball. 

Pel'licle, n. a thin skin, film 

Pell-mell', ad. confusedly. 

Pellu'cid, a. transparent. 

Pelt, n. a raw hide: — v.a. to 
strike, beat. 

Pel'try, n. fur-skins. 

Pel'vis, n. lower part of the 

Pem'mican, n. meat dried, 
pounded, pressed, &c. 

Pe'nal, a. relating to punish- 
ment: pen'alty, n. 

Pen'ance, n. suffering in- 
flicted for sin. 

Pen'cil, n. a tool for drawing, 
writing, &c. 

Pen'dant, n. something hang- 
ing; a long narrow flag. 

Pen'dency, n. a hanging in 

Pen'dent, a. hanging. 

Pend'ing, a. remaining unde- 
cided: prep, during. 

Pen'dulous, a. hanging. 
Pen'dulum, n. a swinging or 

vibrating weight. 
Pen'etrate, v. to pierce into, 

enter; discern: pen'etrable, 

a.: penetrabil'ity, n.: pen- 

etra'tion, «.: -trative, a. 
Pen'guin (-gwin). n. a bird. 
Penin'sula, w. land almost 

surrounded by water: pen- 

in'sular, a.: -sulate, v.a. 
Pen'itence, n. sorrow for sin: 

pen'itent, a. & n.: peniten'- 

tial, a. 
Peniten'tiary (-ten'sha-ri), a. 

relating to penance: — n. a 

Pen'manship, n. writing. 
Pen'nant, pen'non, n. small 

flag, banner, streamer. 
Pen'nate, a. winged. 
Pen'ny, n. a copper coin; 4 

farthmgs: pi. pence and 

pen'nies: pen'niless, a. 
Pennyroy'al, n. an herb. 
Pen'nyweight, n. 24 grains 

Troy weight. 
Pen'sue (-sil), a. hanging. 
Pen'sion, n. allowance for 

past services: pen'sion, v.a.: 

-ary, a.: -er, n. 
Pen'slve, a. sadly thoughtful. 
Pent, p.a. shut up. 
Pen'tagon, n. a five-sided 

plane figure : pentag'onal, a . 
Pentahe'dron, ». a solid with 

five equal sides: -he'dral, a. 
Pentam'eter, n. a verse of 

five metrical feet. 
Pentan'gular. a. five-angled. 
Pen'tateuch (-tQk), n. first five 

books of the Old Testament. 
Pen'tecost, n. a Jewish festi- 
val, Whit-Sunday. 

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Pe'nult, n. the syllable last but 
one: penul'timate, a. & n. 

Penum'bra, n. a faint shadow. 

Penu'rious, a. miserly, stingy. 

Pen'ury, n. extreme poverty. 

Pe'on, n. a laborer hdd as a 
slave, as for debt: -^ge, n. 

Pe'onv, «. plant and its flower. 

Peo'ple (pe'pl), n. persons gen- 
erally, a nation: — v.a. to 
stock with inhabitants. 

Pep'per, n. a plant and its seed 
of a hot pungent taste: -y, a. 

Pep'permint, n. an aromatic 

Pep'tic, a. aiding digestion. 

Peradven'ture, ad. maybe. 

Peram'bulate, v.a. to walk 
through or over: perambu- 
la'tion, peram'bulator, n. 

Perceive', v.a. to see, discern: 

Eerceiv'able, a.: percepti- 
U'ity, «.: percep'tible, a.: 

percep'tion, n.: percep'- 

tive, a. 
Percentage, n. rate by the 

Perch, n. a measure, rod; a 

roost; a fish: — v.n. to roost. 
Perchance', ad. perhaps. 
Percip'ient, a. perceiving. 
Per'colate, v. to strain, filter: 

percola'tion, «. 
Percus'sion, n. a striking 

against, collision, shock: 

percus'sive, a. 
Perdi'tion, n. ruin, eternal 

Per'egrinate, v.n. to travel 

about: peregrina'tion, n. 
Per'emptory, a. absolute, 

Peren'nial, a. perpetual; last- 
ing more than two years. 

Per'fect, a. faultless, complete: 
— v. a. to finish: perfec'tion, 
».: perfec'tive, a. 

Per'fidy, n. treachery, breach 
of faith: perfidious, a. 

Per'f orate, v. a. to pierce, bore 
through: perfora'tion, n. 

Perform', v.a. to execute, do; 
-ance, n. 

Per'fume or perfume', n. a 
sweet odor: perfume', v.a.: 
perfum'ery, n. 

Perfunc'tory, a. slight, negli- 

Pe'ri, n. a Persian fairy. 

Pericar'dium, n. the sac 
around the heart. 

Per'icarp, «. a seed-vessel. 

Pericra'nium, n. membrane 
that surrounds the cranium. 

Per'i^ee, n. point in the moon's 
orbit nearest the earth. 

Perihe'lion, n. the point of a 
planet's or a comet's orbit 
nearest the sun. 

Per'il, n. danger: per'ilous, a. 

Perim'eter, n. bounding line. 

Pe'riod, n. a round of time, 
series of years; end; mark 
(.} at the end of a sentence. 

Penod'ic, period'ical, a. hap- 
pening at stated times. 

Period'ical, n. a work pub- 
lished at regular times. 

Periph'ery (-rif-), n. outline 
of a circle, &c. 

Periph'rasis (-rif-), n. use of 
more words than are neces- 
sary: periphras'tic, a. 

Per'ish, v.n. to decay, die. 

Peristal'tic, a. wormlike in 
motion, spiral. 

Per'istyle, n. range of columns 
round a building, &c. 

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Per'iwig, n. small wig. 

Per'iwinkle, n. a small shell 
6sh; a creeping plant. 

Per' jure (per'jur), v.a. to 
swear falsely: per'jtury, ». 

Per'manent, a. durable, last- 
ing: ns. per'manence, per'- 

Per'meate, v.a. to pass 
through: per'meable, a.: 
permea'tion, n. 

Permif , v. a. to allow, let go: 
permis'sible, a.: permis'- 
sion, n. 

Permuta'tion, n, arrange- 
ment of things in every pos- 
sible order. 

Perni'cious, a. very injurious. 

Perora'tion, n. the conclud- 
ing part of an oration. 

Perpendic'ular, a. exactly up- 
right, at right angles: — ». a 
perpendicular line or plane. 

Per'petrate, v.a. to commit 
(in a bad sense): -action, ». 

Perpef ual, a. everlasting. 

Perpef tiate, v.a. to make per- 
petual, continue: perpetua'- 
tion, ».: perpetu'ity, n. 

Perplex', v.a. to embarrass, 
puzzle: -ity, n. 

Per'quisite (-kwl-zit), n. a fee 
besides regular wages. 

Per'secute, v.a. to pursue so 
as to injure, harass, oppress: 
-cu'tion, «.: per'secutor, n. 

Persevere', v.n. to persist, go 
on steadily: -ver'ance, n. 

Persiflage' (pCr-se-flazh'), n. 
bantering or flippant talk. 

Persim'mon, n. a tree and its 
plum-like fruit. | 

Persist', v.n. to continue 
steadily: -ence, ».: -ent, a. 

Person, n^ a human being; 
the body: -able, a. good- 
looking: -age, n. a person 
of distmction: -al, <j.: -al'- 
ity, ».: -alty, n. personal 

Per'sonato, v.a. to represent. 

Person'ify, v.a. to represent 
with the attributes of a per- 
son: personifica'tion, n. 

Perspec'tive, n. art of deline- 
ating objects on a plane sur- 
face as they appear to the 
eye: — a. relating to perspec- 

Perspica'ciotts, a. discerning, 
keen: perspicac'ity, n. 

Perspic'uous, a. clear, evident: 
perspictt'ity, n. 

Perspire', v. to sweat: perspi- 
ra'tion, n. 

Persuade', v.a. to influence 
successfully by advice, &c.: 
persoa'sible, a.: persua'- 
sion, n.: persua'sive, a. 

Pert, a. saucy, forward. 

Pertain', v. to belong, relate. 

Pertina'ciotts (-shus), a. hold- 
ing obstinately to a purpose, 
&c.: pertinac'ity (-nas'-), n. 

Per'tinent, a. fitting, relevant: 
ns. per'tinence, -ency. 

Perturb', v.a. to disquiet, agi- 
tate: perturba'tion, n. 

Per'tike (pfir'OOk), n. a wig. 

Peruse' (-rsaz'), v.a. to read 
attentively: peru'sal. n. 

Pervade', v. to pass through, 
permeate: perva'sion, n.i 
perva'sive, a. 

'Perverse', a. stubborn in the 
wrong: perver'sity, n. 

Perverf , v. a. to turn from the 
right: perver'sion, n. 

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Per'vious, a. penetrable. 
Pest, n. a plague, pestilence. 
Pes'ter, v.a. to annoy. 
Pestiferous, a. pest-bearing. 
Pes'tilence, n. a contagious 

or infectious deadly disease 

pestilen'tial (-shal), a. 
Pes'tilent, a. noxious. 
Pes'tle (pes'l), h. the pounder 

to a mortar. 
Pet'al, n. flower-leaf: -ous, a. 
Petard^ n. an engine of war 

to explode against a barrier. 
Pet'iole, n. stalk of a leaf. 
Petit (pet'e, or pef it), a. small, 
Peti'tion, n. reguest, prayer: 

— v.a. to solicit. 
Petit-maitre (pet'e-ma'tr), n. 

a fop, coxcomb. 
Pefrel, n. an ocean bird. 
Petres'cent, becoming stone. 
Pef rify, v. to change to stone: 

petrifac'tion, n. 
Petro'leum, n. inflammable 

liquid issuing from the earth. 
Pef ticoat, n. underskirt. 
Pef tifogger, n. petty lawyer. 
Pef tish, a. fretful, peevish. 
Pef titoes. n. pi. pigs' feet. 
Pefty, a. small, trivial. 
Pefulant, a. fretful, irritable. 
Pew, n. enclosed seat in 

Pe'wit, pe'wet, n. a bird of 

the family of plovers. 
Pew'ter, n. an alloy of tin and 

lead, or of tin and zinc. 
Phaeton, n. a four-wheeled 

open carriage. I 

Phalanx, «. compact body 

of troops, &c. 
Phan'tasm, n. vision, spectre. 
Phantasmago'ria, n. a magic 

lantern; an illusive image. 

Phan'tom, n. a spectre. 

Phar'isee, n. one of a Jewish 
sect strict in the outward 
forms of religion: ajs. phar- 
isa'ic, -ical : phar'isaisniyn. 

Phar'macy, n. art of prepar- 
ing medicines: pharma- 
ceu'tic (-su'tik), c: phar- 
maceu'tist, n. 

Pha'ros, n. a light-house. 

Phar'yiiz, n. cavity forming 
the upper part of the gullet. 

Phase (raz), n. appearance. 

Pheas'ant, n. a bird of game. 

Phenom'enon, n. an appear- 
ance, esp. an unusual ap- 
pearance, a prodigy: pi. 

Phi'al, n. small bottle, vial. 

Philan'thropy, n. love of man- 
kind, general benevolence: 
ajs. philanthropic, -ical: 
philan'thropist, n. 

Philharmon'ic, loving music. 

Philip'pic, n. an invective dis- 

Philorogy, n. critical study of 
languages: ajs. philologlc, 
-log'ical: philologist, n. 

Philope'na, n. kind of forfeit. 

Philoprogenltiveness (fil-), 
n. fondness for ofi^spring. 

Philos'ophy, «. love of wis- 
dom, science of causes or 
first principles: philos'o- 
pher, M.: ajs. philosophic, 
-ical: philos'ophize, v.n. 

Phirter, phil'tre, n. a love 

Phiz, n. the face. 

Phlebot'omy, n. blood-letting. 

Phlegm (flem), n. slimy mat- 
ter from the throat; sluggish- 
ness: phlegmatic, a. 

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PhoB'nix (fg'-). «. faWed bird. 

Phonef ics, n. science of vocal 
sounds: phonef ic» a. 

Phon'ics, n. science of sound. 

Pho'nograph, ». instrument 
by which speaking, singing. 
&c., may be recorded an<j 

Phonog'raphy, n. short-hand 
writing: phonograph'ic, a. 

I^onol'ogy, n. science of vo- 
cal sounds. 

Phosphoresce' (-res'), v.n. to 
emit a phosphoric light. 

Phosphores'cent, a. shining 
in the dark, like phosphorus. 

Phos'phorus, ». a yellowish 
substance luminous in the 
dark: phosphor'ic, a. 

Photog'raphy, n. art of pro- 
ducing pictures by light on 
chemically preparea sur- 
faces: pho'tograph, m.: 
photograph'ic, a.: pho- 
tog'rapher, n. 

Phrase, n. a short expression; 
— v.a. to style, express. 

Phraseol'ogy, n. mode of 

Phrenol'ogy, n. science which 
professes to determine the 
mental character by the 
form of the skull: phrenol'- 
ogist, n.: ajs. phrenolog'- 
ic, phrenolog'ical. 

Phthis'ic (tiz'ik), «. a kind of 
asthma: phthis'ical, a. 

Phthi'sis (thi'sis or tl'sis), n. 
consumption of the lungs. 

Phylac'tery, n. a slip of parch- 
ment inscribed with a pass- 
age of Scripture. 

Phys'ic, n. science of medi- 
cine; a purging medicine. 

Phys'ic, vui. [». & p. phyi'- 
idked: p. physicking], to 

Physi'cian, n. one who prac- 
tises mecUcine. 

Phys'ics, n. natural philoso- 
phy: physical, a.: phys'- 
icist, n. 

Physiognomy, n. art of dis- 
covermg the character from 
the face; the face: physiog'- 
nomist, n. 

PhysioFogy, n. science which 
treats of the organs in ani- 
mals and plants: physio- 
log'ical, a. : physiorogist,». 

Physique' (fX-zek'), n. phys- 
ical structure of a person. 

Pia'no-for'te (p!-a'no-f6r'te) 
(usually contracted to Pia'- 
no), ». a musical stringed 
instrument: pia'nist (pl-a'- 
nist), n. 

Piaz'za (pT-az'-), n. an open 
public square, covered walk, 

Pi'ca, n. a printing type. 

Pick, V. to pierce, strike, 
choose, takej rob: — ». point- 
ed tool; choice. 

Pick'aze, n. a sharp-pointed 
tool to dig with. 

Pick'erel, n. fresh-water fish. 

Pick'et, n. a sharp stake; a 
guard, sentry. 

Pic'kle, n. bnne, thing pick- 
led: — V. to preserve in brine. 

Pick'pocket, n. one who steals 
from the pocket. 

Pic'nic, n. an entertainment in 
a grove, &c.: pic'nicking, p. 

Picrure, n. a painting, engrav- 
ing, &c.: — v.a. to represent, 
pamt: picto'rial, a. 

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Picturesque' (-reskO, a. like 

a picture. 
Pie (pi), n. an article of food. 
Pie^Mdo, a. of various colors. 
Piece, n. a part, portion, bit, 

article, com, fiire-ann: — v.a. 

to patch. 
Piece'meal, ad. in or bv pieces. 
Pied (pid), a. spotted, varie- 
Pier (per), n. stone-work to 

support an arch; wharf. 
Pierce, v.a. to penetrate. 
Pier'-glass, n. a large look 

ing-glaas between windows. 
Pi'efy, n. reverence for God. 
Pic'eon (pij'un), ». a dove. 
Pic'inent, n. paint. 
Pike, ». fresh- water fish; lance. 
Pilas'ter, n. a square column. 
Pilch'ard, n. herring-like fish. 
Pile. n. a heap; a timber. 
Pil'fer, V. to steal in a small 

PU'Krim, n. traveller to a j^ce 

deemed sacred: -age, ». 
Pill, n. small ball of medicine. 
Pil'lage, n. & v. plunder. 
Pillar, n. a column, a post. 
Pill'ion, n. a cushion for a 

woman behind a horseman. 
Pillory, n. a frame in which 

criminals were fastened by 

the neck. 
Pillow, n. a cushion for the 

head: — v. a. to place on a 

Pilot, n. one who steers a ship, 

guide: — v. to steer: -age,.n. 
Pimp, n. a pander. 
Pim'ple, n. a small pustule. 
Pin'afore, n. a child's apron. 
Pln'cers, pinchers. 
Pinch, n. & v.a. squeeze. 

PinchtMck, n. an alloy of 

copper and zinc. 
PincVers,, tool to pinch 

Pine, n. a tree: — v. to languish. 
Pine'applep n. a tropical fruit 

shaped like a pine-cone. 
Pin'feather, n. young feather. 
Pin'fold, n. a pen for beasts. 
Pin'ion (-yun), n. a wing, 

quill; fetterj small, toothed 

wheel workmg in the teeth 

of a larger: — vui, to bind 

the arms of. 
Pink, n. a flower; light reddish 

color; highest excellence. 
Pin'nace, ». boat, small vessel 

navigated by oars and sails. 
Pin'nacle, n, turret, highest 

Pint, n. half a quart. 
Pin'tle, n. a long iron bolt. 
Pioneo:', n. one who goes be- 
fore and opens the way. 
Pi'ous, a. devout, religious. 
Pip, n. a disease of fowls. 
Pipe, n. a tube; a large cask: — 

V. to play on a pipe. 
Pip'kin, ». small earthen pot. 
Pip'pin, n. a kind of apple. 
Piq'uant (pik'ant), a. sharp, 

pungent: piq'uancy, n. 
Pique (p€k), n. slight anger: — 

v.a. to offend. 
Piquet' (-ketO, n. card-game. 
Pi'rate, «. a sea-robber: pi'- 

racy, n.: pi'rate, v.: piraf- 

ical, a. 
Pirouette' (pfr-66-etOj n. a 

wheeling on the toes in dan- 
Piscato'rial, pis'catory, a. 

relatmg to fishes and fishing. 
Pis'ciculture, n. fish culture. 

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Pis'mire (pis'-), n. an ant. 

Pista'chio (-ta'sh6), n. a nut 

Pis'til, n. seed-bearing or fe- 
male organ of a flower. 

Pis'tol, n. small hand-gun. 

Pis'ton, n. short cylinder fitted 
to the bore of a pump, &c. 

Pitch, n. residuum of boiled 
tar; a resin; ^ant; height. 

Pitch, V. to fix; cast; fall. 

Pitch'er, fi.vessel for water, &c. 

Pitch'f ork,». fork to iJitch hay. 

Pitch'y, a. smeared with pitch; 

Pifeous, a. sorrowful, sad. 

Piffall, ». a covered pit to 
catch beasts. 

Pith, n. the marrow of plants; 
strength, vigor: -y, a. 

Pif iful, a. sad; mean, base. 

Pittance, ». small allowance. 

Pify, n. compassion, sym- 
pathy: — v.a. to feel com- 
passion for: pit'iable, a.: 
pit'Uess, a. 

Piv'ot, n. pin on which any- 
thing turns. 

Pla'cable, a. that may be ap- 
peased: placability, n. 

Placard', n. a printed paper 
posted up. 

Pla'cate, v.a. to appease. 

Place, n. a space, town, room: 
— v.a. to put, settle. 

Place'man, n. one who has 
an office under government. 

Plac'id (plas'-), a. gentle, 
quiet, mild: placid'ity, n. 

Pla'siarism (pla'jY-a-), n. a 
passing off another's writing 
as one's own : ns. pla'giarist, 
pla'giary: pla'giarize, v. 

Plague (plag), n. pestilence; 
annoyance: — v.a. to annoy. 

Plaice (pM, n. a flat fish. 

Plaid (pl&d), n. fabric with a 
pattern of crossing lines or 
bars in various colors. 

Phdn, a. levd; frank; simple; 
homdy: — n. levd ground. 

Plain'tiff, n, one who begins 
a lawsuit. 

Plain'tive, a. sad, mournful. 

Plait, n. & v.a. fold, double. 

Plan, n. & v.a. scheme. 

Plane, n. a level surface; tool 
to smooth boards: — v.a. to 
smooth with a plane: — a. 
levd, even. 

Plan'et, u. a celestial body 
that revolves about the sun: 
plan'etary, a. 

Plan'isphere, n. a sphere pro- 
jected on a plane. 

Plank, ». sawed timber thick- 
er than a board. 

Plant, n. any vegetable pro- 
duction: — v.a. to set in the ' 
ground for growth. 

Plan'tain, ». a tropical tree 
and its fruit; an herb. 

Planta'tion, ». a large estate; 
a colony. 

Plan'tigrade, n. animal that 
walks on the sole of the foot. 

Plash, V. & n. splash. 

Plas'ter, n. a composition of 
lime, sand, &c.; salve for a 
wound, &c.: — v. a. to cover 
with plaster. 

Plas'tic, a. easily moulded. 

Plate, n. flat piece of metal; 
a flat dish: — v.a. to cover 
with silver, &c. 

Plateau' (-t60, n. elevated 

Plafen, n. upper flat part of a 

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Plaf fonn, n. elevated floor, 

stage; scheme of principles. 
Plaf ma, plaf inum, n. a met- 
al of a silvery appearance. 
Plaf itttde,f>. dulness; twaddle. 
Platon'ic, a. relating to Plato; 

spiritim, free from passion 
Platoon', n. a small body of 

Planter, n. a large flat dish. 
Plau'dit, n. applause. 
Plau'sible, a. seeoungly right 

and fair: plausibil'ity, n. 
Play, «. & V. sport. 
Playhouse, ». a theatre. 
Plea (pie), n. what is urged in 

defence of a cause. 
Plead (pled), v. to argue. 
Pleas'ant, a. delightful. 
Pleas'antry, n. gayety, light 

humor; sportive saving. 
Please, vui. to delight, make 

gUul: v.n. to choose: pleas'- 

urable (plez'-), a.: pleas'- 

ure, n. 
Plebe'ian (ple-be'yan). a. vul 

gar, common: — n. one of the 

lower classes. 
Pledge, n. a i)awn, surety: — 

v.a. to deposit as security. 
Plen'ary (plen- or pie'-), 

full, complete. 
Plenip'otent, a. having full 

Plenipoten'tiary (sM-a-rl), 

n. one having full powers. 
Plen'itude, n. fulness. 
Plen'teotis, a. abundant. 
Plen'ty, ». full supply, abun- 
dance: plen'tiful, a. 
Ple'onasm, n. a redundancy 

of words: pleonas'tic, a. 
Pleth'ora, n. excessive fulness 

of blood: plethor'ic, a. 

Pleu'ra, n. a membrane which 
covers the lungs. 

Pleu'risy (pld'-), n, inflamma- 
tion of the iMeura. 

Pleuropnetimo'nia, n. inflam- 
mation of pleura and lun^. 

Pli'able, a. easily bent or m- 
fluenced: pliabil'ity, ».: 

!»li'ancy, ».: pli'ant, a. 
'ers, n. pincers for bending. 
Pliffht, n. condition: — v.a. to 

Plinth, ». lowest part of a 

Plod, v.n. to toil; trudge. 
Plot, n. & V. iJan, scheme. 
Plough, n. an instrument to 

turn up the soil: plough, v. 
Ploui^'share, n. part of a 

plough that cuts the ground. 
Plov'er (pluv'-), n. aquatic 

Pluck, v.a. to pull with a 

twitch: — H. the heart, liver, 

and lights; courage. 
Pluck'y, a. spirited, brave. 
Plum, H. a stone-fruit; a raisin. 
Plu'niage, n. bird's feathers. 
Plumb (plum), n. leaden 

weight on a line: — a. per- 
Plumba'go, n. a mineral used 

for pencils. &c. 
Plumb'er (plum'-), n. one who 

works in lead, puts in pipes, 

Plume, n. a feather; token of 

honor: — v.a. to adorn with 

feathers; pride. 
Plum'met, n. a lump of lead 

attached to a line to sound 

Plump, a. well-rounded, fat, 


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Plun'der, n. & v. pillage, spoil 

Plunge, V. to immerse, dive: 
plunge, ». 

Plu'ral, a. noting more than 

Plural'ity, n, more than one; 
greatest number of several. 

Plus, n. the sign +, noting ad- 

Plush, n. a velvet-like cloth. 

Plu'vial, plu'vious, a. rainy. 

Ply, v.a. to work at steadily. 

Pneumat'ics (nu-), n. science 
which treats of the air and 
other gases: pneumatic, a. 

Pneumo'nia (nu-mo'-), n. in- 
flammation of the lungs. 

Pneumon'ic, a. relating to the 
lungs or to pneumonia. 

Poach, V. to boil or stew slight- 
ly: steal game. 

Pock, n. a pustule in small-pox. 

Pock'et, n. a small pouch:— 
v.a. to put in the pocket. 

Pod, n. a seed-case. 

Po'em, n. a composition in 
verse: po'esy, n.: po'et, n.: 
po'etess, n.: ajs. poet'ic, 
poefical: po'etry, n. 

Po'etaster, n. an inferior poet. 

Poig'nant (poi'nant), a. sharp, 
acutely painful; satirical: 
poig'nancy (poi'nan-), n. 

Point, ». sharp end; stop; aim: 
— v.a. to sharpen; direct. 

Poinf -blank, ad. directly. 

Poise (poiz), n. weight, bal- 
ance: — v.a. to balance. 

Poi'son (poi'zn), n. a sub- 
stance that destroys life or 
health, venom: — v. to infect 
with poison, taint: -ous, a. 

Poke, n. a thrust; a weed: — ', 
to thrust; grope: po'ker, n. 

Po'lar, a. rdating to or near 
one of the pdes. 

Polar'ity, n. a tendency of 
certain bodies to arrange 
themselves in certain direc- 
tions, or point, as it were, to 
given poles. 

Po'larize, v.a. to give polarity 
to: polariza'tion, ». 

Pole, n. the end of an axis, 
esp. the earth's axis; long 
stick or rod; s J yards. 

Pole'cat, ». a fetid animal. 

Polemics, n. controversy: po- 
lemic, «.: polemical, a. 

Pole'star, «. the north star. 

Police' (-lesOi «• government, 
of a city; a body of officers. 

Policy, n. art or plan of gov- 
ernment; prudence; insur- 
ance contract. 

Pol'ish, v.a. to make glossy; 
refine: — n. gloss; ele^nce. 

Polite', a. courteous, civil. 

Politic, a. prudent. 

Pontics, n. science of govern- 
ment: polif ical, a.: politi'- 
cian (-tish'an), n. 

Polity, n. form of govern- 

Pol'ka (p5l'-), ». a dance. 

Poll (pol). n. the head; a list; 
an election: — v. a. to cast or 
receive as votes. 

Pollard, n. a tree lopped. 

Pollen, n. prolific dust of a 

Pollock, n. a sea-fish. 

Poll'taz, n. a tax per head 

Pollute', v.a. to defile, make 
foul; pollu'tion, n. 

Poltroon', n. coward: -ery, n. 

Polyg'amy, n. a plurality of 
wives: polyg'amist, ». 

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Poryglot, n. a book contain 
ing many languages: — a. of 
many languages. 

Porygoh, n. a plane figure 
bounded by straight lines 
polyg^onaly a. 

Polyhe'dron, n. a solid with 
many sides: polyhe'dral, a. 

Polyno'mial, a. having many 

Pol'yp, n. an aquatic animal, 

Porypus, n. a polyp: a tumor 

Poryscope, n. a multiplying 

Pol'ysyllable, n. a word of 
many syllables: -syllab'ic, a 

Polytech'nic (-tek'-), a- in^ 
eluding many arts. 

Porytheist, n. a believer in a 
plurality of gods: pol'y the- 
ism, ».: polytheis'tic, a. 

Pom'ace (pum'-), ». crushed 
apples with cider squeezed 

Pomade', poma'tum, ». fra- 
grant ointment for the hair. 

Pomegran'ate (pum-gran'-), 
n. a tree and its fruit. 

Pom'mel (pum'-), ». a knob 
on a saddle, &c.: — v. a. to 

Pomol'o|[y, n. art of cultivat- 
ing fruit: pomol'ogist, n. 

Pomp, n. a show of splendor. 

Pom'pous, a. showy, ostenta- 
tious: pomposity, n. 

Pon'der, v. to consider, think. 

Pon'derous, a. heavy, weighty: 
ponderos'ity, n. 

Pongee' (-jeO, «• a silk stuff. 

Pon'iard (-yard), n. a dagger. 

Pon'tiff, n. a high priest; the 
pope: ajs. pontiric, pon- 
tifical: pontificate, n. 

Pontificals, dress of a 
priest or a bishop. 

Pontoon', n. a flat boat used 
to make a bridge. 

Po'ny, n. a small horse. 

Poo'dle, n. a lap-dog. 

Pool, n. a small pond; com- 
bination of persons for sped- 
ulation, &c. 

Poop, n. highest deck on a 
ship's stem. 

Poor, a. needy, weak, mean. 

Poor'-house, n. an almshouse. 

Pope, ». the head of the Ro- 
man Catholic Church:-dom, 
».: po'pery, n.: po'pish, a. 

Pop'injay, n. a parrot; a fop. 

Poplar, n. a tree. 

Pop'lin, n. a cloth of silk and 

Pop'py, n. a plant and flower. 

Pop'ulace, n. the people. 

Pop'ular, a. relating to or 
favored by the people: pop- 
ular'ity, ». 

Pop'ulate, v.a. to furnish with 
people: pop'ulous, a. 

Popula'tion, n. inhabitants. 

Por'celain, n. fine earthen- 

Porch, n. a portico, entrance. 

Por'cupine, n. a hedgehog. 

Pore, n. a minute passage in 
the skin? v. to study closely. 

Po'rous, a. having pores: po- 
ros'ity, n. 

Por'phyry, n. variegated stone. 

Por'poise (-pus), n. a kind of 
small whale. 

Por'ridge, n. a broth; flour 
and water or milk boiled. 

Por'ringer, n. a sort of bowl. 

Port, n. a harbor; an aperture; 
demeanor; a wine. 

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Porf able, that may be carried. 

Porfage, n. price of carriage; 

Por'tal, n. gate or gate-arch. 

Portcullis, n. a strong cross- 
barred gate to let down in a 

Porte, n. the Turkish court. 

Porte-monnaie' (port-mun- 
ni'). «• a pocket-purse. 

Portend', v.a. to foreshow, 

Portenf, n. ill omen: -ous, a. 

Por'ter, n. a door-keeper; a 
carrier of burdens; a malt 

Portfolio (-fol'yo), n. a case 
for loose papers, &c. 

Por'tico (por'-), «. a covered 
walk, a porch: pi. por'ticos. 

Por'tion, ». a part allotted: — 
v.a. to divide into shares. 

Portly, a. stately, corpulent. 

Portman'teau (-to), n. a bag 
for clothes. 

Por'trait, n. picture, likeness. 

Portray', v. to paint, depict: 
-al, ».: por'traiture, ». 

Pose, V. to puzzle: pos'er. n. 

Posi'tion, n. place, attituae. 

Pos'itive, a. actual, certain. 

Possess' (poz-zes'), v. a. to 
have as an owner: -or, «.: 
-ive, a.: posses'sion, n. 

Pos'set, n. milk curdled with 

Pos'sible, a. that may be, or 
may be done: possibil'ity, n. 

Post, ». a courier, letter-car- 
rier; station, office; piece of 
timber: — v. to travel with 
speed; station; put in the 

Posf ase, n. money paid for 
conveying letters. 

Posf al, a. relating to the post- 

Posf date, vm. to date after 
the real time. 

Postdilu'vian, a. after the 

Poste'rior, a. later, hinder. 

Poste'riors, hinder parts. 

Poster'ity, n. descendants. 

Posf em, n. small gate or door. 

Postfix', VM. to add at the end : 
posf fix, n. 

Posfhumous (p6sf-), a. after 
one's death. 

Postil'ion (-yun), n. one who 
guides the horses of a car- 
riage, riding one of thera. 

Post-merid'ian, a. in the af- 

Post-mor'tem, a. after death. 

Posf -office, ». office for re- 
ceiving and delivering letters. 

Postpone', v.a. to put off. 

Post-pran'dial, after dinner. 

Posf script, n. a part added 
to a letter. 

Posfulate (pttsf-), n. posi- 
tion assumed without proof: 
— v.a. to assume. 

Posf ure, n. attitude. 

Po'sy (-zl), n. motto on a ring; 
nosegay, flower. 

Pot, n. vessel for cooking, &c. 

Po'table, a. that may be 

Pof ash, n. alkali from ashes. 

Pota'tion, n. a drinking. 

Pota'to, n. an edible root. 

Po'tent, a. powerful: po'- 
tency, ». 

Po'tentate, n. a monarch. 

Poten'tial (-shal), a. existing 
in possibility, not in reality. 

Poth'er, n. bustle, confusion. 

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Portion, n. a draught, dose. 
Pof sherd, n. piece of a pot. 
Pof tage, n. a thick soup. 
Pof ter, n. a maker of earthen 

vessels: -y, n. earthenware. 
Pof tie, n. a measure of two 

quarts; a small basket. 
Pouch, ». a small bag. 
Poul'tice (pol'tis), n. a soft 

substance for sores: — v.a. 

to apply a poultice to. 
Poul'try, n. domestic ioviis. 
Pounce, n. claw of a bird; a 

powdftr: — v.n. to fall upon. 
Potmd, n. a weight of i6 oz. 

avoirdupois, or la oz. troy; 

20 English shillings; pen for 

stray cattle: — vm. to beat; 

shut up. 
Pour, V. to flow or cause to 

flow in a stream. 
Pout, v.n. to look sullen:- 

suUen fit; a fish. 
Pov'erty, n. state of being 

Pow'der, n. dust; gunpowder: 

— v.a. to reduce to powder; 

sprinkle with powder: -y, a. 
Pow'er, ». ability to do, au- 
thority, strength: -less, a. 
Pow'wow, n. a noisy meeting. 
Pox, n. an eruptive disease. 
Prac'ticable, a. that may be 

done: practicabirity, ». 
Prac'tical, a. suited to use. 
Prac'tice, n. habit, use. 
Prac'tise, v. to do habitually: 

practi'tioner (-tish'un-), n. 
Pragmafic, pra^maf ical, a. 

officious, meddling. 
Prai'rie (pra'r!), n. a large 

tract of treeless grass-land. 
Praise, n. commendation: — 

VM. to conmiend. 

Prance, v.n. to bound gayly. 

Prank, vm. to dress showily: — 
n. a frolic, trick. 

Prate, v.n. to talk idly: — n, 
idle talk. 

Praf tie, n. childish talk. 

Prawn, ». a small shell-fish. 

Pray, v. to ask earnestly. 

Prayer (prair), n. supplication, 
earnest entreaty: -ful, a. 

Pre'amble, ». introduction, 

Preb'end, n. a stipend out of 
a church estate: preb'end- 
ary, n. 

Preca'rious, a. uncertain, 

Precau'tion, n. care before- 
hand: ajs. -al, -ary. 

Precede', v. to go before: pre- 
ce'dence, n.: prece'dent, a. 

Prec'edent (pr6s'-), n. an ex- 
amine, parallel case. 

Precen'tor, n. choir leader. 

Pre'cept, n. a rule of action, 
maxim: precep'tive, a. 

Precep'tor, n. a teacher: /(?w, 

Preces'sion, n. a going before. 

Pre'cinct, n. a limit. 

Pre'cious (presh'us), a. of 
great worth, cosUy. 

Precipice, n. a steep descent. 

Precipitant, a. headlong. 

Precipitate, v.a. to throw 
headlong: — a. steep, hasty, 
rash: — n. substance thrown 
to the bottom in solution. 

Precipita'tion, n.hurry, haste. 

Precipitous, a. steep; hasty. 

Precise' (-sisOj a. exact, not 
vague, excessively nice: pre- 
ci'sion, n. : preci'sian, ». 
one rigidly precise. 

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Precluded v. a. to shut out, 
prevent: preclu'sion, n. 

Preco'cious (-shus), a. ripe 
or mature before the natural 
time: precocity (-kos'-), n. 

Precognition (-nish'un), n. 
knowledge beforehand. 

Preconceive', v.a. to conceive 
beforehand: -cep'tion, ». 

Preconcerf , v.a. to concert 
or arrange beforehand. 

Precur'sor, n. a forerunner: 
-y, a. forerunning. 

Pred'atory, a. plundering. 

Predeces'sor, «. one who pre- 

Predes'tinate, predes'tine, 
v.a. to destine beforehand. 

Predestina'tion, «. the doc 
trine that all events are fore- 
ordained :prede8tina'rian,n. 

Pre'dial, a. relating to farms. 

Pred'icable, a. to he aflSrmed. 

Predic'ament, fi. class; plight. 

pred'icate, v.a. to affirm, de- 
clare: — n. that which is af- 
firmed or denied: -a'tion, n. 

Predicf, v.a. to foretell: pre- 
dication, «.: predicative, a 

Predilec'tion, previous liking 

Predispose', v.a. to dispose 
beforehand: -posi'tion, n. 

Predom'inate, v.n. to prevail, 
surpass: predom'inant, a. 

PreiSm'inent, a. above others, 
superior: preiSm'inence, n. 

PreSmp'tion, n. act or right 
of buying before others. 

Pre«xisf , v.n. to exist before 
hand: -cnce, «.: -ent, a. 

Preface, n. introductory re- 
marks: — v.a. to introduce 
by preliminary remarks: 
prefatory, a. 

Pre'fect, ». a commander; a 
governor, esp. of a French 
department: -ure, n. 

"Preter^, v.a. to regard more 
highly; advance: prefer- 
able, a.: preference, n. 

Prefer'ment, ». promotion. 

Prefig'ure, v.a. to foreshow. 

Prefix', v. a. to put befca-e or at 
the beginning: pre'fiz, n. 

Preg'nant, a. with ch^d or 
young; full of meaning: 
pregrnancy, ». 

Prehen'sible, a. that^nay be 

Prehen'sile, a. adapted to 

Prehen'sion, n. a taking hold. 

Prejudge', v.a. to judge be- 
forehand: prejudg'ment, ». 

Prej'udice, n. previous and 
unreasonable bias; injury: 
— v.a. to fill with prejudice: 
prejudi'cial, a. injurious. 

Prel'acy, n. the order of bish- 
ops; episcopacy. 

Prerate,«. bishop,archbishop. 

Prelec'tion, ». a lecture read. 

Preliba'tion, ». a foretaste. 

Prelim'inary, a. introductory: 
— n. a preparatory step. 

Prel'ude, n. a flourish of mu- 
sic before a concert; preface. 

Prelude' or prel'ude, v. to in- 
troduce, precede as an in- 
troduction: prehi'sive, a. 

Premature', a. too early. 

Premed'itate, v. to meditate 
beforehand: -a'tion, n. 

Pre'mier, n. a prime minister. 

Premise' (-miz'), v. to state 

Prem'ise (-is), ». a proposition 
to draw a conclusion from. 

Digitized by VJ»^V^V It 



Prem'ises, house and 
grouiids, &c. 

Pre'miuiii, n. a boxinty; 
amount above par. 

Premon'ish, v.a. to warn be- 
forehand: premoni'tion, n. 

Preoc'cupancy, ». prior pos- 

Preoc'cupv, v.a. to occupy be- 

Preordain', v.a. to ordain be- 
forehand: preordina'tion,ff . 

Prepare', vxi. to make ready, 
fit: prepara'tion, n.: pre- 
par'ative, a. & «.: prepar'- 
atory, a. 

Prepense', a. premeditated. 

Prepon'derate, v. to outweigh: 
prepon'derance, «.: pre- 
pon'derant, a.: -a'tion, ». 

Preposi'tion, n. particle gov- 
erning a noun or pronoun 

Prepossess', v.a. to preoccupy, 
bias: preposses'sion, ». 

Prepos'terous, a. absurd. 

Prereq'uisite, a. previously 
required: prereq'uisite, n. 

Prerogative, n. an exclusive 

Presage , v.a. to fore^ow: 
pres'age, n. something fore- 

Presbyte'rian (prez-), n. one 
who holds to church gov- 
ernment by presbjrteries: 
presbyte'rian, a.: -ism, n. 

Pres'bytery* n. a body of pas- 
tors and ruling elders: pres'- 
b3rter, n. 

Pre'scient (-sM-ent), a. fore- 
knowing: pre'science, n. 

Prescribe', v. to order, direct 
medically: pre'script, 
prescrip'tion, n. 

Prescrip'tive, a. established 

by custom. 
Pres'ent, a. not absent, now or 

here: — n. present time; a 

ffii: pres'ence, n. 
Present', v.a. to give, offer: 

-able, a.: presenta'tion, ». 
Presen'timent, n. a previous 

Presenf ment, n. presenting; 

accusation by a grand jury. 
Preserve', v.a. to keep safe: — 

n. fruit preserved in sugar: 

preserva'tion, «.: preser'- 

vative, a. & ». 
Preside', v. to act as president. 
Pres'ident, «. the chief officer 

of a republic, a society, &c.: 

pres'idency,».: -den'tial.a. 
Press, V. to squeeze; urge: 

press^ure, n. 
Press'gang, n. a gang to force 

men into the navy. 
Prestige (pres-tezh' or pres'- 

tij), n. moral influence from 

past success. 
Presume', v.n. to suppose; 

act forwardly: presum'able, 

a.: presump'tive, a. 
Presump'tion, n. strong prob- 
ability; forward conduct. 
Presumpfuous (-zumt'yu-), 

a. over-confident, insolent. 
Presuppose', v.a. to assume. 
Pretence', n. pretext; show. 
Pretend', v. to claim, allege, 

feign: preten'sion, n. 
Preten'tious, a. full of pre- 
tence or show. 
Preferite, a. past. 
Pretermif , v.a. to omit, pass 

by: pretermis'sion, n. 
Pretemafural, a. more than 


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Plf'twii, n. reason devised to 
cooDeal a real reason. 

Fre'tor, n. a Roman magis- 
trate; preto'rian, a. 

Prcf ty (prit'tl), a. handsome, 
jieat:--ad. in some degree. 

Prevail', v.n. to predominate, 
succeed: prev'alent, a. 

Prevar'icate, v. to evade the 
truth, quibble: prevarica'- 
tion, ».: prevaricator, n. 

Prevent^ , v.a. to hinder, ob- 
struct: preven'tion, ».: pre- 
ven'tive, a. & n. 

Pre'vious, a. former, pior. 

Prey (iJra), v.n. to seize food 
by violence, [Sunder, rob; 

prey, n. 

Price, n. value set. 
Prick, v.a. to pierce slightly. 
PricTde, «. a sharp point: 

prickly, a. 
Pnde, n. undue self-esteem. 
Priest, n. a clergyman: -craft, 

n.: -ess, ».: -hood, «.: -ly, a 
Prim, a. formal, precise 

Primor'dial, a. first in order. 

Prim'rose, n. plantaadflower. 

Prince, n. a sovereign, a king's 
son: fetn. prin'cess: -ly, a. 

Prin'clpal, a. chief, capital: — 
n. a head,' as of a school; 
money out at interest. 

Principality, n. domain of a 

Pnn'cU>le, n. a fundamental 
truth, settled rule. 

Prink, v. to dress for show. 

Print, V. to impress by type, 

Pri'or, a. former; prior'ity, ». 

Pri'or, n. head of a convent of 
moo^:/«m. pri'oress: pri'- 
ory, n. convent. 

Prism, n. a solid whose ends 
are equal and parallel pol- 
ygons and sides parallelo- 
grams: prismaf ic, a. 

ms'on (piz'n), n. jail: -er, n. 

Pris'tine, a. first, ancient. 

Prith'ee, ad. I pray thee. 

Pri'vate, a. secret, peculiar to 

Pri'macy, n. the office or dig- one's self: — «. 
nity of primate. | soldier: pri'vacy, n. 

Prisma don'na (pre'-), chief iPrivateer', n. a jwivate anned 
female singer at operas. [ ship licensed to take prizes. 

Pri'mary, a. first, original. Priva'tion,». loss, want: priv'- 

Pri'mate, n. an archbishop. I ative, a. & n. 

Prime, n. the dawn: first oriPriv'et, n. a shrub for hedges, 
best part: — a. early; first- Priv'ilege, n. a peculiar ad- 
rate: — V. to put powder in I vantage: — vui. to grant a 
the pan of a gun; lay the privilege, 
first coat of pamt on. Priv'y, a. inivate, privately 

Prim'er, n. a first book; a kind knowing: prlv'ity, ».: priv'- 
of t3rpe. ily, ad. 

Prime'val, a. original. Priv'y, n. a necessary house. 

Primitive, a. original, first. 'Prize, n. a reward gained by 

Primogenitor, ». forefather.! contest: v.a. to rate, esteem. 

Primogeniture, n. right of Prob'able, a. that may be, 
inheritance of eldest bom. ' likely: probability, n. 

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Pro'bate, n. legal proof of a 

Proba'tion, n. state of trial, 
proof: ajs. -alt -ary: -er, n. 

Pro^tive, prolMitory, a. re- 
lating to proof. 

Probe, n. a surgeon's instru- 
ment: — v-a. to examine with 
a probe or thoroughly. 

Prob'ity, n. uprightness. 

Problem, n. question for solu- 
tion: -af ical, a. doubtful. 

Probos'cis, n. elephant's snout. 

Proceed', v.n. to go on, ad- 
vance: -ing, ».: proced'ure, 
».: pro'ceeds, returns, 

Proc'ess, n. course, operation. 

Proces'sion, ». a train of per- 
sons: afs. -al, -ary. 

Proclaim', v.a. to declare pub- 
licly, announce: proclama'- 
tion, n. 

Procliv'ity, n. inclination. 

Procon'su), n. a Roman gov- 
ernor: -ar, a. 

Procras'tiiiate, v. to defer, 
postpone: -a'tion, n. 

Pro'create, v. to beget young: 
procrea'tion, ».: pro'crea- 
tive, a.: pro'creator, n. 

Proc'tor, n. an agent, attor- 
ney; officer in a university. 

Prociim1>ent, a. lying down, 

Proc'urator, n. an agent. 

Procure', v.a. to obtain, ac- 

Procu'rer, n. one who pro- 
cures, especially for lust: 
/em. procu'ress. 

Prod'i^Ed, a. profuse, waste- 
ful: — n. a spendthrift: prod- . 
igal'ity, «. ' 

Prod'igy, n. a wonder: pro- 
dic'ious (-difus), a. 

Produce', v.a. to bring forth, 
yield: parod'uce, ».: produ'- 
cible, a.: ns. prod'uct, pro- 

Produc'tive, a. producing. 

Pro'em, n. a preface, prelude: 
proe'mial, a. 

Profane', a. not sacred, secu- 
lar, impious, blasphemous: 
— vui. to desecrate, pollute. 

Profan'ity, n. blasphemy. 

Profess', v.a. to declare, avow. 

Profes'sion, n. a declaration; 
a vocation: -al, a. 

Profes'sor, «. one who pro- 
fesses; a teacher: professo'- 
rial, a. 

Proffer, v.a. & n. offer. 

Profi'cient, a. & n. expert, 
adept: profi'ciency, n. 

Pro'file (-fel or -fil)j n. outline; 
portrait in side view. 

Profit, n. gain, advantage: — 
V. to benefit: -able, a. 

Profligate, a. abandoned to 
vice: prof'ligate, n.: prof- 

ligacy, n. 

Profound', a. dceix thorough, 
very learned : promn'dity, n. 

Profuse' (-fas'), a. lavish, 
prodigal: prom'sion, n. 

Progen'itor, n. an ancestor. 

Prog'eny, offspring, children. 

Prognos'tic, a. foreshowing: 
— n. a sip:n, presage. 

Prognos'ticate, v.a. to fore- 
tell: prognostica'tion, n.: 
prognos'ticator, n. 

Pro'gramme, n. outline of 
exercises or proceedings. 

Prog'ress, n. onward course, 
advance, journey of state. 

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Progress', v.n. to go i 

advance: progres'si 

procres'sive, a. 

Prohibit, v.a. to forb 

hibi'tion, n.: ajs. i 

itive, prohib'itory. 

Projecf , V. to cast i 

jut out; scheme: ] 

tion, «.: projec'tile 

Proj'ect, n. a schem 

projecf or, n. 
Pro'late, a. drawn on 

Prol'icide (I-sid), n. 

stroj^g of human o 
Prolific, a. fruitful. 
Prolix', a. long, tedioi 
Prol'ocutor or proloc 

one who speaks for ( 
Pro'logue, «. introdi 
Prolong', v.a. to lengt 

prolonga'tion, n. 
Promenade' (-nad'), i 

as for pleasure:— 

\valk for pleasure, s 
Prom'inent, a. stant 

eminent: prom'in( 
Promis'cuous, a. 

Prom'ise, ». a de 

which binds the ( 

makes it: — v. to ass 

Prom'issory, a. com 

Prom'ontory, n. a 

or high cape. 
Promote', v.a. to fui 

vance: promo'tioi 
Promo'ter, n. one 

motes an enterpri: 

securing capital. 
Prompt, a. puick, 

V. to assist, incite: -itude, n. 

n.: proposi'tion, n. 











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Propound', v.a. to propose. 
Proprietor, n. an owner: pro- 

pri'etary, a. & n. 
Propriety, n. fitness. 
Propul'sion, n. a propelling. 
Prorogue' (-rog'), v.a. to put 

o£f; adjourn: -roga'tion, n. 
Prosa'ic (-za'-), a. common- 
Prosce'nhim (pro-se'-), n. 

the front part of the stage 

in a theatre. 
Proscribe', v.a. to prohibit, 

banish: proscrip'tion, ».: 

proscrip'tive, a. 
Prose, n. writings not in verse. 
Pros'ecute, v. to pursue; sue 

by law: prosecu'tion, n.: 

pros'ectttor, n. 
Pros'elyte (-lit), «. a convert. 
Pros'ody, ». that part of 

grammar which treats of 

versification, &c. 
Pros'pect, n. a view, outlook. 
Prospec'tive, a. of or in the 

Prospec'tus, n. sketch or plan 

of a work. 
Pros'per, v. to make success- 
ful; succeed, thrive: -ous, a. 

prosper'ity, n. 
Pros'titute, v.a. to devote to 

vile use: — a. vicious for hire: 

— ». a strumpet: -tu'tion, n. 
Pros'trate, a. lying flat:— 

v.a. to throw down: pros- 

tra'tion, n. 
Pro'sy, a. dull, tiresome. 
Protecf, v.a. to defend, shield: 

-ive, a.: -or, «.: -orate, n.: 

protec'tion, n. 
Protege (-ta-zhaO. »• one un- 
der the protection of another: 
/em. protegee (-ti-zha'). 

Protest', V. to declare solemn- 
ly: pro'test, ».: -a'tion, n. 

Profestant, n. a separatist 
from the Church of Rome. 

Prothon'otary, n. chief clerk 
ot a court. 

Pro'tocol, «. the original copy 
of a treaty, &c. 

Pro'toplasm, n. the soft con- 
tents of cells. 

Pro'totjrpe, ». original model. 

Protract', vm. to prolong, de- 
lay: protrac'tion, ». 

Protrude', v. to thrust for- 
ward, project: protru'sion. 

Protu'berant, a. bulging out: 
protu'berance, n. 

Proud, having pnde, haughty. 

Prove, V. to try by a test, 
demonstrate; turn out. 

Prov'ender, n. dry food for 
horses, &c. 

Prov'erb, n. wise, short, com- 
mon saying: prover'bial, a. 

Provide', v.a. to make ready 
beforehand, furnish. 

Prov'idence, n. foresight, 
God's foresight and care: 
providen'tial (-shal), a. 

Prov'ident, a. careful for the 

Prov'ince, n. a subdivision of 
a country, a district; office: 
provin'cial, a. 

Provin'cialism, n. a provin- 
cial word or idiom. 

Provi'sion, n. a providing; 
something provided; food: 
— v.a. to supply with food: 
-al, a. temporary. 

Provi'so, n. a condition. 

Provoke', v. a. to incite, vex: 
provoca'tioD, ».: provoc'- 
ative, a. & ». 

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Frov'ost, n. a chief officer. 

Prov'ost mar'shal, a military 
officer who preserves dis' 

Prow, fi. the head of a ship. 

Prow'ess, n. bravery. 

Proz'imate, a. next, nearest: 
proziml^, ». 

Prox'y, n. a substitute. 

Prude, n. affectedly modest 
woman: pru'dish» a.: pru'- 
dery, n. 

Pru'dent, a. wise, discreet: 
prudence, n.: -aen'tial, a. 

Prune, v.a. to lop off: — n. a 
dried plum. 

Pru'rient, a. itching with de- 
sire: pru'rience, n. 

Prus'sic (prus'- or proos'-), a. 
noting a poisonous acid. 

Psalm (sam), n. a sacred song. 

Psal'mist (sal'mist or sam'- 
ist), n. a writer of psalms. 

Psal'mody (sal'-), n. singing 
of psalms: psal'modist, n. 

Psal'ter (saw!'-), n. book of 

Psal'tery (sawl'-), n. a kind 
of Hebrew harp. 

Pseu'do (sQ'-), a. false. 

PseuMonym (su'-), n. ficti 
tious name: pseudon'y- 
mous, a. 

Pshaw (shaw), int. expressing 

Psychorogy (si-kol'-), n. sci- 
ence of the mind or soul: 
psycholog'ical, a.: psy- 
chologist, n. 

Pu'berty, n. the ripe age of 
the sexes. 

Pubes'cent, a. arriving at pu- 
berty; covered with soft short 
hair: pubes'cence, n. 

Public, a. not private, com- 
mon, general: — n. the body 
of the people: publicity, n. 

Publican, n. an inn-keeper. 

Publish, v.a. to proclaim pub- 
licly; print and offer for sale: 
-er, ».: publica'tion, n. 

Puck'er, n. a small fold. 

Pud'ding (p66d'-), n. a kind 
of food. 

Pud'dle, n. a muddy pool: — 
v.a. to make muddy; con- 
vert into wrought iron. 

Pu'erile, a. childish, trifling: 
puerility, n. 

Puer'peral, a. relating to child- 

Puff, n. slight blast, whiff. 

Pu'gilism, ». a fighting with 
the fists: pu'gilist, n.: pu- 
gilistic, a. 

Pugna'cious (-na'shus), a. 
quarrelsome: pugnac'ity, n. 

Puis'ne (pu'ne), a. inferior. 

Pu'issant, a. powerful: pu'is- 
sance, n. 

Puke, v.n. to vomit. 

Pule, v.n. to cry, whimper. 

Pull, v.a. to draw. 

Pullet, fi. a young hen. 

Pulley, n. a wheel with a 
groove for a cord. 

Pul'monary, pulmonic, a^ 
pertaining to the lungs. 

Pulp, n. soft part of fruit, &c. 

Pul'pit, n. pdace to preach 

PuFsate, v.n. to beat, throb: 
pulsa'tion, «.: ajs. pul'sa- 
tive, pui'satory. 

Pulse, n. heart-beat; legumi- 
nous plants. 

Purverize, v.a. to reduce to 
powder: pulverizalion, n. 

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Pu'mice or pum'ice, ». a 
hard, light, volcanic mineral.' 

Pump'kin, n. plant and fruit. 

Pun, n. & V. pLay upon words. 

Punch, VM. to pierce: — n. a 
(Hercing tool; buffoon. 

Pimch'eon, n. tool; larse cask. 

Punchinerio, n. a buffoon. 

Punctil'io, n. a nice point. 

Punctilious, a. nice, exact. 

Punctual, a. done at the pre- 
cise time, prompt: punctu- 
al'ity, n. 

Puncruate, v.a. to mark with 
points: punctua'tion, n. 

Puncture, n. a small hole 
made by a sharp pointed 
instrument: — v.a. to pierce. 

Pun'dit, n. a learned man. 

Pun'fent, a. keen, biting, 
acnd: pun'gency, ». 

Pun'ish, v.a. to chastise, cor- 
rect: -ment, n. : pu'nitive, a. 

Punt, n. a flat-bottomed beat. 

Pu'ny, a. small, feeble. 

Pu'pa, fi. chrysalis: pi. pxi'ped. 

Pu'pil, n. a scholar; apple of 
the eye: -age, ». 

Pup'pet, ». a small image 
moved by wire; child's doll. 

Pup'by, n. a young dog. 

Piu^und, a. near-sighted. 

Pur'chase, vm. to buy: — n. 
bujring; thing bought; a hold 
to work by: pur'chaser, n. 

Pure, a. clear, genuine, clean. 

Purga'tion, n. act of clearing 
one's self of an offence. 

Pur'gatory, n. a place in 
which souls are purified 
after death: purgato'rial, a. 

Purge, v.a. to cleanse, purify: 
— «. a cathartic medicine:! 
pur'gative, a. & ». ' 


Pu'rify, v.a. to make pure, 
cleanse: purifica'tion, n. 

Pu'rism, n. niceness in the use 
of words: pu'rist, n. 

Pu'ritan, n. a dissenter from 
the Church of Eng. in the 
i6th and 17th centuries: 
-ism, n.: ajs. puritanic, 

Pu'rity, n. state of being pure. 

Purl, v.n. murmur, ripple. 

Purlieu (-lu), ». border. 

Purloin', v.a. to steal. 

Pur'ple, a. Wue tinged with 
red: — ». purple color. 

Pur'port, «. meaning: — v.a. 
to intend, signify. 

Pur'pose, n. intention, design: 
— v.a. intend. 

Purse, fi. small money-bag: — 
v.a. to contract into fol(£. 

Purs'er, n. paymaster of a 

Pursu'ant, a. done in conse- 
quence: pursu'ance, n. 

Pgrsue% v.a. to chase, follow: 
— v.n. to go on: ptirsuif, ». 

Pur'suivant (pur'swi), n. a 
state messenger. 

Pur'sy, a. fat and short. 

Pu'rulent, a. consisting of 
pus: pu'rulence, ». 

PurveiP (-vaO, v. to buy pro- 
visions, provide, procure: 
-or, n. 

Pur'view (-vu), n. scope. 

Pus, ». the matter of a sore. 

Pusillan'imous, a. cowardly: 
pusillanimity, ». 

Pusfule (-yul), n. a pimple. 

Put (p66t), V. to place, set. 

Pu'tative, a. supposed. 

Pu'trefy, v. to rot: putrefac*- 
tion, n.: putrefac'tive, a. 

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Putres'cent» a. rotting. 

Pu'trid, a. rotten, corrupt. 

Putt (piit), V. to drive a golf- 
ball toward or into the hole: 
pufter, «. club for putting 

Put^ting-green (pat'-), n. a 
fixed space about a golf-hole. 

Puf ty, n. a glazier's cement. 

Puz'zle» v.a. to perplex, con- 
found: — n. perplexity. 

Pyg'my, n. a dwarf. 

Pyr'amid, ». a solid tapering 
to a point from any base ex- 
cept a circle, ajs. pyram'- 
idal, pyramid'ic. 

Pyr'amidingy n. buying of 
stock on the strength of 
nominal profits not yet col- 

Pjrre (pir), «. a funeral pile. 

Pyri'tes, n. native compound 
of sulphur and a metsd. 

Pjrrom'eter, «. instrument to 
measure expansion by heat. 

Pyrotech'nics, pyr'otechny, 
». art of malung or using 
fireworks: pyrotech'nic, a. 

Pyx (piks), n. box in which 
Catholics keep the host or 
consecrated wafer. 

Quack, v.n. to cry like a duck: 
— n. a boastful pretender: 
-ery, «. 

Quadrages'ima, ». Lent. 

Quad'ran|:le, n. a plane fig- 
ure havmg 4 angles and 4 
sides: quadran'gular, a. 

Quad'rant, n. quarter of 
circle; an instrument to take, 
angular hdghts. 

Quad'rate, a. & «. square. 

Quadratic, a. involving a 
square: quad'rature, n. 
squaring; square. 

Quadren'nial, a. once in 4 

Quadrilaferal, a. having 4 

Quadru'majiouSy a. four- 
Quad'rupedy n. four-footed 

Quad'ruple, a. fourfold. 
Quadru'plicate, vui. to make 
ft, V. to drink. 
g'gy, a. boggy, soft, 
g'mire, ». boggy ground, 
.n, n. a bird: — v. to cower. 
.int» a. fanciful, odd. 
Jke, n. & v.n. shake, 
liter, «. one of the Society 
of Friends: -ism, «. 
Qual'ify, v.a. to make fit, 

, _. „ ^ modify: qualifica'tion, n. 

sides: n. 4-sided plane figure. Quarity, n. nature, rank. 
Quadrille', n. a dance of 4 Qualm (k\^m), ». nausea; 

couples. I scruple: -ish, a. 

Quadrip'artite, a. in 4 parts. Ouan'dary, «. perplexity. 
Quadrisyllable, n. a word of Quan'tity, n. amount, bulk. 

4 svllables. Quarantine' (-t€nO, n. time of 

Quadroon', n. offspring of a non-intercourse for a ship, 
mulatto and a white person.' &c., suspected of infection. 

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Quar'rel, n. an angry dispute: 
quar'rel, v.n.: -some, a. 

Quar'ry, n. mine of stone; 
game: — v.a. to dig from a 

Qoart, n. fourth of a gallon. 

Quar'tan, a. on every fourth 

Quar'ter, n. a fourth; region; 
mercy granted; 8 bushels: 
pi. station for soldiers, &c.: 
— v.a. to divide into four 
equal parts; lodge, as ti'oops. 

Quar'terHleck, ». part of the 
deck between stan and 

Quar'tennaster, ». an offi- 
cer who regulates the quar- 
ters, &c., of soldiers. 

Quar'tem, n. a gill; a 4-pound 

Quartette', n. music arranged 
for four; four musical per- 

Quar'to, n. a book, four leaves 
to the sheet. 

Quartz, n. pure silex. 

Quash (kwosh), v. a. to crush; 
make void, annul. 

Quas'sia (kwoshl-a), n. a bit- 
ter wood and bark used as a 

Qua'ver, v.n. to shake, as the 
voice: — ». shake of the voice; 

Quay (ke), n. a wharf. 

Quean, ». a worthless woman. 

Quea'sy (kwe'2^, a. sick with 

Queen, n. wife of a king; a 
female sovereign: queen'- 
dow'ager, widow of a king. 

Queer, a. odd, droll. 

Quell, v.a. to subdue. 

lench, v.a. to extinguish. ' 

le'rist, «. one who inquires.. 

ler'ulous, a. complaining. 

le'ry, n. & v. question. 

test, ». a seekmg. 

les'tion, n. an inquiry; 

doubt; subject: — v.a. to ask; 

doubt: -able, a. doubtful. 
Quib11>le, v.n. to evade the 

point at issue by some play 

on words; cavil: quib'ble, n. 
Quick, a. swift, nimble; liv- 
ing: — n. living sensitive part. 
Quick'en, vm. to make alive; 


uick'lime, fresh-burnt lime. 

uick'sand, n. ingulfing sand. 

uick'set, n. plant set for a 


uick'silver, n. mercury. 

aid, «. cud, piece for chewing. 

uid'dity, n. a trifling nicety. 

uid'nunc, n. an inquisitive 

Quies'cent, a. resting, quiet: 

^uies'cence, n., 
Qui'et, a. at rest, calm, still: — 

n. rest: — v.a. to calm, lull. 
Quie'tus, n. rest; quittance. 
Quill, n. a large feather: — 

v.a^o plait like quills. 
Quilt, n. a kind of coverlet: — 

v.a. to stitch as a quilt. 
Quince, n. a tree and its fruit. 
Quinine' or quin'ine, n. sub- 
stance from Peruvian bark. 
Quinquages'ima, n. Shrove 

Quinquan'gular, a. having 5 

Quinquen'nial, a. once in 5 

Quin'sy, ff . inflammatory sore 


Digitized by Google 




Quin'taly ff . 1 1 2 or I oo pounds. 

Qttin'taii, n. a fifth-day fever. 

Quinte8'8eiice»n.pure essence. 

Quin'tuple, a. fivefold: — v.a. 
to increase fivefold. 

Quip, n. & V. taunt. 

Quire, n. 34 sheets of papa-. 

Quirk, n. quick turn, quibble. 

Quit, V. to leave; cease. 

Quif claim, n. release of claim 
by deed: v. to release by deed. 

Quiv'er, n. sheath for arrows: 
— v.n. to quake, tremble. 

Quixof ic, a. absurdly roman- 
tic, like Don Quixote: 
quiz'otism, n. 

Quiz, VM. to make fun of; ex- 

Quoin, n. a comer; wedge. 

Quoit, ring to pitch at a mark. 

Quon'dam, a. former. 

Quo'rum, n. number of mem- 
bers sufficient to do business. 

Quo'ta, n. a share. 

Quote, v.a. to cite, repeat, 
give market price of: quota'- 
tion, n. matter quoted, 
market price given. 

Quoth (kwdth), v. said. 

Quotid'ian, a. occurring daily. 

Quo'tient (-shent), n. result of 
an operation of division. 


Rabliet, vui. to cut in a cer- 
tain wa^, as boards, in or- 
der to join their edges. 

Rab'bi, «. a Jewish expound- 
er of the law: rabbin'ical, a. 

Rab1t)it, n. a small animal. 

Rab'ble, n. noisy crowd, mob. 

Rab'id, a. furious, mad. 

Raccoon%n. small wild animal. 

Race, ». particular breed, fam 
ily; flavor; contest ip run- 
ning: V. to run as in a race. 

Raceme', n. a flower-cluster. 

Rack, ff . an engine of torture; 
frame for hay; a gait: — v.a- 
to torture, strain. 

Rack'et, n. noise; tennis bat. 

Ra'cy, a. tasting of the soil, 
strong in flavor showing its 

Ra'dlant, a. shining: -ance, n.\ 

Ra'diate, v. to emit rays, I 
shine: radla'tion, «.: ra'- 
diator, n. 

Rad'ical, a. rdating to the 

root, thorough, original; 

ultra-liberal: — ». word-root; 

dementary chemical group; 

ultra-liberal perscm: -ism, ». 
Rad'icle, n. root-germ, root. 
Rad'ish, n. a gard^ root. 
Ra'dium, n. a substance emit- 
ting rays that pass through 

opaque bodies. 
Ra'dhis, n. straight line from 

centre to drcumferoKe of a 

circle: pi. ra'dii. 
Raffle, V. to draw for or 

award by lot or chance: 

raffle, «. 
Raft, n. a float of logs, &c. 
Rafter, n. timber in a roof. 
Rag, n. a tatter: ras'sed, a. 
Rag'amuflSn, n. a Tow fellow. 
Rage, n. violent anger: — v.n. 

to be furious. 
Ragouf (r&-gd60. n. seasoned 

stew of meat and vegetables. 

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Raid, n. a hostile invasion. 
Rail, n. a bar of wood or iron; 

a bird: — vm. to enclose with 

rails or bars: — vm. to utter 

Raillery (r4l'-), ». banter. 
Rail'road, rail'way, ». a road 

constructed with iron rails. 
Rai'ment, n. dress. 
Rain, n. water in drops from 

clouds: rata, v.: rain'y, a. 
RainlMW, n. the brilliant 

colored arch seen when rain 

is falling. 
Raise, V. to lift, erect; iM^uce. 
Rai'idn (ra'zn), n. dried grape. 
Rake, n. farm tool; dilute 

man: — vm. to gather with a 

Rak'ish (rak'-), a. dissolute. 
Rally, V. to get together again, 

gather up forces; barter: 

rally, ». 
Ram, n. a male sheep; an en- 
gine: — v.a. to thrust. 
Raml)le, v.n. to rove, wan- 
der: — ». a roving. 
Ram'ify, v. to branch out: 

raminca'tion, n. 
Ramose', ra'mous, branchy. 
Ram'|>ant, a. overleaping re- 

stramt: ram'pancy, n. 
Ram'part, n. a defensive wall 
Ram'rod, n. numner of a gun. 
Ranch, n. a stock-farm. 
Ranche'ro (-cha'rd), n, one 

who lives on a ranch. 
Ran'cid, a. sour, rank-smell 

ing: rancidity, n. 
Ran'cor, n. enmity, hate. 
Ran'dom, a. aimless, chance. 
Range, v. to set in order; 

rove: — ». a row, rank; 


Rank, a. strong of scent or 
taste; luxuriant in growth: — 
«. row, dass, degree: — v. to 
place or be in a rank or line. 

Ranlde (rang'kl), v. to fester. 

Ran'sack, v. to search through, 

Ran'som, n. price paid for re- 
demption from captivity: — 
VM. to redeem by a price. 

Rant, n. noisy talk: rant, v. 

Rap, V. to strike with a smart 
Uow: rap, ». 

Rapa'cious, a. grasping, rav- 
enous: rapacity (-pas'-), n. 

Rape, n. violation of a female; 
a plant allied to the turnip. 

Ra^ld, a. quick, swift: ra- 
pidity, n. 

Rapids, rapid currents. 

Ra'pier, n. a light thrusting 

Rap'ine (-in), ». plundering. 

Rappee', n. a kind of snufif. 

Ra4>t, pM. in an ecstasy. 

Rapto'rial, a. seizing by vio- 

Rapftire, ». ecstasy, extreme 
delight: rapfurous, a. 

Rare, a. scarce; thin; fine. 

Rar'efy, v. to make or to be- 
come thin: rarefac'tion, n. 

Rar'ity (rair'- or rfir'-), n. 
thinness; scarcity; some- 
thing scarce. 

Ras'cal, n. a villain: rascal'- 
ity, n.: ras'cally, a. 

Rascalllon, n. a rascal. 

Rase, VM. to skim; erase. 

Rash, a. hastjr, inconsiderate. 

Rash'er, n. slice of bacon, &c. 

Rasp, ». a coarse file. 

Ra8pl>erry (mfhex-), n. a 
berry and its bush. 

Rat, n. an animaL 

Digitized by VjOOgle 




Rateable, a. to be rated. 

Ratch'e^ n. bar fiittmg against 
the teeUi of a toothai wheel. 

Rate, n. standard, price, val 
ue; tax: — v. to value; chide. 

Rath'er, ad. more willingly. 

Raf ify, v. a. to confirm, settle: 
ratifica'tion, n. 

Ra'tio (ra'shl-o), n. the rela- 
tion of one thmg to another. 

Ratiocina'tion, n. reasoning. 

Ra'tion, n. allowance of food. 

Ra'tional (rash'un-al), a. rea- 
sonable: rational'ity, ». 

Rationale (rash-I-o-na'le), n, 
an account of reasons. 

Ra'tionalist (rash'un-), n. 
one who adopts reason as 
his only guide: -ism, n. 

Rattan^ ». a reed-like stem 
from an East Indian palm. 

Raf tie, ». a sharp noise rap- 
idly repeated; a child's toy; 
pl. the croup: raf tie, v. 

Rau'city, ». hoarseness, rough 
noise: rau'cous, a. 

Rav'age, v.a. to lay waste, pil- 
lage: — n. spoil, devastation. 

Rave, v.n. to rage, be furious. 

Rav'el (rav^), v. to unweave. 

Rave'lin (riviin), n. an outer 
projecting rampart. 

Ra'ven, n. black bird of prey. 

Rav'en (rav'n), v.a. to devour 
greedily: — ». prey, plunder. 

Rav'enous, a. voracious. 

Ravine' (-v6n0, n. a deep nar- 
row valley. 

Rav'ish, v.a. to violate the 
chastity of; fill with ecstasy, 

Raw, a. not cooked. 

Raw'-boned, a. voy lean. 

Ray, n. a line of light, heat, 
&c.; a fish. 

Raze, v.a. to overthrow. 

Razee', n. a ship cut down to a 
analler depth: razee% vm. 

Ra'zor, n. a tool for shaving. 

Reach, v.a. to arrive at, extend 
to: — ». power, extent. 

Reacf , v.n. to act reversely 
or in response: reac'tion, 
n.: reac'tionary, a. & n. 

Read (red), v. to peruse; learn. 

Read'y (redlO. «• prompt, pre- 
pared: read'ily, ad. 

Re'al, a. actually existing, 
true; pertaining to land: 
reality, n. 

Re'allze, v. to make real; fed 
strongly: realiza'tion, n. 

Realm (relm), n. a kingdom. 

Ream, n. 20 quires of paper. 

Reap, V. to cut grain; get. 

Rear, n. hinder part: — v. to 
raise, educate; rise on the 
hind legs. 

Rear'-ad'miral, n. an officer 
next below a vice-admiral. 

Rear'-guard, n. the guard 
that passes last. 

Rea'son (re'zn), n. faculty of 
judging; motive: — v. to ar- 
^e rationally: -able, a. ra- 
tional, just. 


Rebel', v.n. to resist lawful 
authority: reb'el, n. & a.: 
rebell'ion (-yun), ».: re- 
bell'ious, a. 

Rebound', v.n. to spring back: 
rebound', n. 

Rebttflf, ». sudden check: — 
v.a. to beat back, repd. 

Rebuke', vui. to rei»x>ve for 
faults: — ». reproof. 

Re'bus, u. a pictorial enigma. 

Rebuf , VM. to repel. 

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Rebuf ter, n. a defendant's 
answer to a i^aintiff's sur- 

Recai'citrant, a. refractory. 

Recanf » v. to retract. 

Reci4»ifttlate» v.a. to repeat 
the main points of: -^i'tionv 
».: recapit'ulatory, a. 

Recede', v. to retreat, go back. 

Receipt' (-s6f), n, reception; 
recipe; written acknowledg- 
ment of something received: 
— VM. to give a receipt for. 

Receive' (-sev'), v.a. to ac- 
cept, take: receiv'able» a. 

Re'cent, a. new, late, fresh. 

Recep'tacle» n. that in which 
anything is received. 

Recep'tion,». act of receiving. 

Recep'tive, a. able to receive: 
receptiv'ity, «. 

Recess', n. retirement; niche; 

Reces'sion, n. a receding. 

Rec'ipe (res'i-pe), ». a jMre- 

Recip'ient, n. a receiver. 

Recip'rocal, a. acting in 

Recip'rocate, v. to give and 
receive mutually: recipro- 
caption, n.: reciproc'i^, n. 

Recitative' (res-I-ta-tev'), n. 
musical recitation of prose. 

Recite', v. to repeat, tell over: 
— ns. reci'tal, recita'tion. 

Reckless, a. heedless. 

Reck'on, v. to count, esteem. 

Reclaim', vm. to recover, re- 
gain: -ant, ».: reclama'- 
tion (rek-), n. 

Recline', v. to lean, repose. 

Redttse', a. secluded, retired: 
— If. one who lives retired. 

Recog'nizance, n. acknowl- 
edgment; a legal obligation. 

Rec'ognize, v. to know again: 
-ni'tion, ».: -ni'zable. a. 

Recoil', V.H. to start back, 
shrink from: recoil', ff. 

Recollecf (rek-), v.a. to recall 
to mind: recollec'tion, n. 

Recommend', v.a. to com- 
mend to another: -atory, a.: 
reconmienda'tion, n. 

Rec'ompencs, v.a. to repay, 
compensate: — ». pay. 

Rec'oncUe, v.a. to cause to 
agree, conciliate; reconcili- 
action, «. 

Rec'oniUte, a. profound. 

Reconnoissance' (-slUice'), n. 
reconnoitring, rough survey. 

Reconnoi'tre (-tgr), v.a. to 
examine, survey. 

Record', v.a. to register, en- 
roll: rec'ord, n. 

Recounf , v. to relate in detail. 

Recourse', ». resort for aid. 

Recov'er (-kuv'-), v. to get 
again; regain b^ilth. 

Recreant, a. cowardly, mean- 
spirited: rec'reancy, n. 

Rec'reate, vui. to refresh, 
revive, divert: -a'tion, «. 

Rec'rement, n. dross, refuse. 

Recrim'inate, v. to return 
one accusation with another: 
-a'tion, H. 

Recruif , v. to obtain fresh 
supplies, gain new strength, 
&C., enlist new soldiers: — 
n. a new soldier. 

Rec'tancle, n. a right-angled 
paralldogram: -an'gular, a. 

Rec'tify, vm. to set right, cor- 
rect; refine by aistilling: 
rectifica'tion, ». 

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Rectilin'eal, rectUin'ear, a. 
consisting of straight lines. 

Rec'titude, n. honesty. 

Rec'tor, n. a parson; head- 
master: rec'tory, n. 

Recum'bent» a. lying down, 
reposing: recum'bency, n. 

Recu'perate, v.a. to recover: 
recupera'tion, «.: ajs. re- 
cu'perative, -cu'peratory. 

Recur', v.n. to come back, 
return: recur'rent, a. 

Recu'sant (-zant), a. refusing 
to acknowledge the king's 
supremacy in the church. 

Red, a. of the color of blood: 
red'den, v.: red'dish, a. 

Redeem', v.a. to ransom, ful- 
fil: redemp'tion, n. 

Redin'tegrate, v.a. to restore 
to a whole state. 

Red'olent, a. giving a sweet 
scent: red'olence, n. 

Redouble, v. to double again. 

Redoubf (-dowtO, n. fortress. 

Redoubfaole, a. formidable. 

Redound', v.h. to conduce. 

Redress', v.a. to set right, 
relieve from: — n. remedy. 

Reduce', v.a. to bring down; 
lessen; subdue: remi'cible, 
a.: reouc'tion, n. 

Redun'dant, a. superabun- 
dant: redun'dance, ». 

Redu'plicate, v.a. to double 
again, repeat: -a'tion, ». 

RetSch'o, V. to echo back. 

Reed, n. a grass or plant; a 
musical pipe. 

Reef, ». part of a sail taken up; 
chain of rocks in the water: 
— v.a. to take in, as a sail. 

Reek, «. smoke, steam: — v.n. 
to emit vapor: reek'y, a. 

Reel, n. a frame tor yam; a 
dance: — v. to wind on a 
red: stagger. 

ReKntbrce'ment, n. addi- 
tional force. 

Reeve, v.a. to pass, as the end 
of a rope, through a hole. 

Refec'tion, ». refreshment. 

Refec'tory, n. an eating-room. 

Refer', v. to direct to another, 
ascribe: to allude, pertain: 
ajs. rererable, refd^rible : 
referee', ».: reference, n. 

Refine', v. to purify, polish: 
-ment, ».: refi'nery, n. 

Refif , v.a. to fit anew. 

Reflecf , V. to bend or cast 
back; think; cast reproach: 
-ive, a.: -or, «.: -ion, n. 

Re'flez, a. turned back. 

Refluent, a. flowing back: 
ref luence, n. 

Re'flux, ». a flowing back. 

Reform', v. to amend, grow 
or make better: ajs. -ative, 
-atory: ns. reform', ref- 

Refracf . v.a. to turn aside as 
rays: -ive, a.: refrac'tion, n. 

Refrac'tory, a. unruly. 

Refrain', v. to hold back, 
abstain: n. burden of a song. 

Refran'gible, a. that may be 
refracted: refrancibil'i^,M. 

Refresh', v.a. to revive, in- 
vigorate: -ment, n. 

Refric'erate, v,a. to make 
cool: refrig'erant, a.: re- 
frigera'tion. n.: refrig'er- 
ator, H.: refirig'eratory, a. 

Refuge, n. shdter, asylum: 
refugee', «. 

Reful'gent, a. bright, shining: 
refuPgence, n. 

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Refund', v. to pay back, fund Re'gress, n. going back: -ive, 

anew. I a.: regres'sion, n. 

Refuse', v. to deny, reject, de- Regref , n. grief for the past, 

dine: refu'sal (-fuz'al), n. I sorrow: — vm. to grieve at. 
Refuse, a. worthless: — n. Reg'ular, a. according to rule, 

worthless remains. orderly: — n. a soldier of a 

Refute', VM. to disprove: re- permanent army: regular'- 

fufable, a.: refuta'tion, n.' ity, n. 
Re'gal, a. royal: regal'ity, n.lReflpulate, v.a. to adjust by 
Re^e', VM. to refresh, en-j rule: regula'tion, ».: reg'- 

tertain. ulator, n. 

Rega'Ua, n. pi. ensigns of Regur'gitate, v. to pour back. 

royalty; ornamental badges. 'Rehabil'itate, v.a. to restore, 
R^^ard', v.a. to esteem, con- 1 reinstate: rehabilita'tion, n. 

sider; observe: — n. heed, 'Rehearse' (-hgrse'), v.a. to 

respect. I repeat, redte: rehear'sai, n. 

Regaf ta, n, a boat-race. ! Reign (ran), n. rule, royal au- 
Re'gency, n. government by a' thority: v. to rule as a king. 

regent. Reimburse', v.a. to repay, 

Regen'erate, v.a. to produce refund: -ment,if. 

anew: — a. bom anew: re- 

genera'tion, n,: regen'er- 

ative, a. 
Re'gent, a. ruling: — ». ruler, 

esp. one ruling for another. 
Reg'icide, «. the murderer or 

murder of a king. 

R^fime' (ra-zhSmO, n. mode'Reioice',v.«. to be glad, exult 

of ruling. 

Reg'imen, n. a rule pre- 
scribed; government. 

Reg'iment, n. a body of 
troops ccMnmanded by 
cdond: regimen'tal, a. 

Regimen'tals, n. pi. military 

Rein (ran), ». strap of a bridle. 
Rein'deer, «. northern deer. 
Reins, n. pi. the kidneys. 
Reiferate, vm. to repeat 

again: reitera'tion, n. 
Rejeef , v.a. to cast off, refuse: 

rejec'tion, «. 

Rejoin', v. to join again; an- 
swer to a reply: rejoin'der, 
n. an answer to a reply. 

Reju'venate, v.a. to restore 
youth to: rejuvenes'cence. 

Relapse', n. & v.n. fall back,^ 
return to a former state. 

uniform. i Relate', v. to tell, narrate; 

Re'gion, n. a country, tract, refer, pertain. 

Reg'ister, n. a record, list; Rela'tion, n. redtal; refer- 
registrar; slide to r^^late ence: a rdative. 
heat, &c.: — vui. to record, Rel'ative, a. having reference: 
enroll: registra'tion, ».:, — n. person or tning allied 
reg'istry, ».: reg'istrar, n.' by kinship or connection, 
keeper of records. Relax', v. to dacken, unbend: 

Reg'nant, a. reigning. relaxa'tion, n. 

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Relay', n. horses, ^c^ to re-l 

lieve others. 
Relea8e% v.a. to set free 
Reregate, vm. to send away. 
Relent^* v.n. to grow tender 

or merciful. 
Rerevant» a. pertinent, to the 

purpose: ns. rel'evance,-cy. 
Reusable, a. trustworthy. 
Reli'ance, trust, dependence. 
Relic, n. that which remains: 

pi. corpse, remains. 
Rerict, n. a widow. 
Relief (-lefO, «. help, succor, 

remo\^ of an evil; the im-o- 

jection of a figure. 
Relieve', v.a. to ease, succor. 
Relig'ion (-lifun), n. a sys- 
tem of faith and worship, 

piety: relic'ious, a. 
Relin'quish (-ling^wish), v. a. 

to renounce, give up: -ment. 
Reriquary, n. casket for 

Rerish, n. agreeable taste, 

liking: v. to like the taste of; 

have a pleasing taste. 
Reluc'tant, a. unwilling. 
Rely', V.H. to trust, depend. 
Remain', v.n. to continue, 

stay: Hler, n. what is left. 
Remains', ». pi. corpse. 
Remand', v.a. to send back. 
Remark', v.a. to note, ob- 
serve: — ». an observation 

-able, a. extraordinary. 
Rem'edy, ». something that 

cures, or that counteracts 

an evil, a restorative: — v.a. 

to cure: reme'diable, a.: 

reme'dial, a. 
Remem'ber, v.a. to bear in 

mind; call to mind: remem'- 

brance, n. 

Remind', vm. to put in mind. 

Reminis'cence, recollection. 

Remiss', a. slack, negligent. 

Remif , v. to send back; par- 
don; abate in force^ trans- 
mit as money: remis'sion, 
«.: remif tal, ».: remif - 
tance, f>. 

Remif tent, a. alternately in- 
creasing and abating. 

Rem'nant, n. what is left. 

Remon'strate, v.n. to show 
strong reasons against: re- 
monstrance. If.: remon'- 
strant, n. 

Remorse', n. a gnawing pain 
from guilt: -ful, a.: -less, a. 

Remote', a. distant, not near. 

Remove', v. to change place, 
move: — ». change of place: , 
remov'able, a.: remov'al,n. 

Remu'nerate, v.a. to recom- 
pense, pay: remtmera'tion. 
If.: remu'nerative, a. 

Re'nal, a. of the kidneys. 

Ren'ard, n. a fo'x. 

Renas'cent, a. bom or spring- 
ing up again: renas'cence. 

Rencoun'ter, n. meeting. 

RendL v.a. to tear asunder. 

Ren'oer, vui. to give back, re- 
turn; cause to be; translate. 

Ren'dezvous (ren'de-vQ5), n. 
appointed i^e of meeting: 
— v.n. to assemble. 

Rendi'tion, if. a rendering. 

Ren'egade, n. an apostate. 

Renew', v.a. to make anew; 
begin again, repeat: -al, n. 

Ren'net, if. the prepared lin- 
ing of a calf's stomach. 

Renounce', v.a. to cast off, 
forsake: -ment, n. 

Ren'ovate, vm. to renew. 

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Renown', n. fame, celelmty. 
Renowned', a. famous. 
Rent, VM. to hold by lease; 
let or lease: rent, n.: -al, n. 
Renuncia'tion, n. renouncing. 
Reor'ganize, v.a: to organize 

Repair', v. to restore, amend, 
mend: — ». amending: rep'- 
arable, a.: repara'tion, n. 

Repartee', n. a smart retort. 

Repasf , n. a meal; food. 

Repeal', v.a. to annul, revoke: 
repeal', n. 

Repeaf , vui. to do again; 

Repel', v.a. to drive back, 
resist: repellent, a. 

Repercus'sion, n. striking 
back, reverberation: reper- 
cus'sive, a. 

Rep'ertory, n. a book of 
records, repository, list. 

Repetend', n. that part of a 
circulating decimal which is 
continually repeated. 

Repetition, n. a repeating. 

Repine'j vm. to fret, complain. 

Replen'ish, v.a. to fill again, 

Replete', a. full, completely 
filled: reple'tion, n. 

Replev'in, n. a writ for re- 
plevying goods. 

Replev'y, v.a. to recover (dis- 
trained goods) by g;iving 
security to try the seiser's 

Replicant, n. one who replies. 

Replica'tion, n. the plaintiff's 
answer to a plea. 

Reply', n. & v.n. answer. 

Repixrf , V. to give an account 
of, tell: — n. a statement; 
rumor; sound, noise. 

Repose', v.a. to lay to rest:— 
v.n. to rest, sleep: — ». rest 

Repos'it, VM. to lay up, 
deposit: repos'itory, n. 

Reprehend', v.a. to blame, 
reprove: reprehen'sible, a.: 
reprehen'uon, n. 

Represenf (-zenf), v. a. to 
show, set forth, describe, 
stand in the place of: -ative, 
a. & M.: representa'tion, n. 

Repress', vm. to check, put 
lown: -ive, a.: -sion, n. 

Reprieve', v.a. to respite: — n. 
delay of punishment. 

Reprinumd', vm. to chide, 
reprove: — n. reproof. 

Repri'sal, n. seizure in retali- 

Reproach', vm. to censure, 
upbraid: — n. censure, cause 
for shame: -ful, a. 

Rep'robate, a. base, depraved: 
— H. one given over to sin. 

Rep'robate, v.a. to reject,^ 
condemn: reproba'tion, n. 

Reprove' (-pr66vO, vm. to 
censure, rebuke: reproof, 
».: reprov'able, a. 

Rep'tile, a. creeping, low: — 
n. a creeping animal. 

Repub'lic, n. a state governed 
by representatives of the 
people: republican, a. & n. 

Repu'diate, v.a. to reject, dis- 
own, refuse to pay: -a'tion, 

Repug'nant, a. hostile, dis- 
tasteful: repug'nance, n. 

Repulse', v.a. to drive off, 
repel: repulse', ».: repul'- 
sion, ».: repul'sive, a. 

Rep'utable, a. of good repute. 

Reputa'tion, n. oiaracter by 
report, name. 

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Repute', v.a. to regard, esti- 
mate: — ». character. 

Requesfv v.a. to ask, solicit: 
— ». a petition. 

Re'quiem (or rek'wl-), n. a 
hymn or mass for the dead. 

Require^ v. to demand, need: 
-meat, ».: requisi'tion, ». 

Req'uisite (rek'wi-zit), a. nec- 
essary: — n. thmg necessary. 

Requite', v.a. to pay in 
return: requi'tal, n. 

Rescind', v.a. to annul, abro- 
gate: rescis'sioii (-sizh'-), «. 

Re'scrq>t, «. official answer 
of a pope or emperor. 

Res'cne, v.a. to set free from 
dango-, deliver: — n. deliver- 

Research', n. careful search. 

ResMn'blance, n. likeness. 

Resem'ble, v. to be like. 

Resenf (-zent'), v. to take as 
anaffront: -ful, a.: -ment,n. 

Reserve' (-zgrv'), v. a. to keep 
back, lay by: — n. something 
reserved; mental conceal 
ment: reserva'tion, «. 

Reserved', a. not frani, shy. 

Reservoir' (rez-er-vwor'), n 
place for a store of water, &c. 

Reside', v.n. to dwell perma- 
nentiy, live: res'ident, a. & 
n.: res'idence, n. an abode. 

Res'idue, n. remaining part: 
ajs. resid'tial, resid'uary. 

Resid'uum (-zid'-), n. residue. 

Resicu' (-zin'), v.a. to give up, 
yield, withdraw from an 
office: resigna'tion, ». 

Resil'ient (-zilT-), a. spring- 
ing back: resil'ience, n. 

Res'm, n. juice of the pine, 
&c.: res'inous, a. 

Resist', v.a. to oppose, act 
against: -ance, n.: -ible, a.: 
-less, a. 

Res'olute, a. determined, 
fixed in purpose: resolu'- 
tion, n. 

Resolve' (-zolv'), v. to sep- 
arate into simple parts, ana- 
lyze; determine: — n. fixed de- 
termination: resolv'able, a. 

Res'onant (rez'-), a. sound- 
ing back: res'onance, n. 

Resorf (-zort'), v. to have re- 
coiuse, go: — n. a resorting; 
place frequented; resource. 

Resound' (-zownd'), v.a. to 
sound back. 

Resource', n. means, resort. 

Respecf , n. & v.a. regard, es- 
teem, honor: -ful, -able, a. 

Respec'tive, a. relating to 
each, particular. 

Resi>ire', v. to breathe: re- 
spi'rable, a.: resplra'tion, 
n.: respi'ratory, a. 

Res'pite, n. reprieve, delay: v. 
to dday, relieve by a pause. 

Resplen'dent, a. bright, splen- 
did: resplen'dence, n. 

Respond', v.n. to answer, 
reply: -ent, n.: response',n. 

Respon'sible, a. answerable, 
accountable: -sibii'ity, n. 

Respon'sive, a. answering. 

Res'taurant, n. eating-house. 

Res'tive, a. balky, restless. 

Restitu'tion, n. a restoring. 

Restore', v.a. to give back, 
repair, cure: restora'tion, 
».: resto'rative, a. & n. 

Restrain', v.a. to hold back, 
restrict: restrainf , n. 

Restricf , v.a. to limit, con- 
fine: -ive, a.: restric'tion,». 

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Result', v.n. to follow as a con- 
sequence: — n. consequence. 

Resume% v.a. to take up 
again, begin again: resump'- 
tion, n. 

Resur'gent, a. rising again. 

Resurrec'tion, n. a rising 
again, especially after death. 

Resus'citate, v. to restore to 
life, revive: resuscita'tion,n. 

Retail', v.a. to sell in small 
quantities: re'tail, n. 

Retain', i/.a. to hold back, 
keep; engage by fee paid. 

RetaTiate, v. to return like 
for like, revenge: retalia'- 
tion, n.: ajs. retal'iatory, 

Retard', v. a. to delay, hinder: 
retarda'tion, n. 

Retch, v.n. to try to vomit. 

Reten'tion, ». act of retain- 
ing: reten'tive, a. 

Reflcent, a. silent, not talk- 
ative, taciturn: ret'iceiice,». 

Retic'ular, a. like net- work: 
retk'ulate, a.: -a'tion, n. 

Ref icttle, n. small work-bag. 

Ret'ifOnn, a. net-like. 

Ret'ina, n. inner coat of eye. 

Ref inue, train of attendants. 

Retire', v.n. to retreat, with- 
(haw to a place of privacy: 
-ment, ». 

Retorf , V. to throw back, re- 
turn: — n. a severe reply: 
chemical vessel. 

Retrace', v.a. to go back by 
the same course. 

Retracf , v. to take back 
recant, unsay: -ible, a.: -ile, 
a.: retrac'tion, ». 

Retreaf , v.n. to go back, 
retire: retreaf, «. 

Retrench', v. to cut off, curtail. 

Retribu'tion,n. a giving back, 
repayment: ajs. retrib'utive, 

Retrieve*, v.a. to recover, re- 
gain: retriev'able, a. 

Re'trocede (or r6t'-), v.n. to 
go back: retroces'sion, n. 

Ref rograde, v.n. to go back- 
ward: — a. ^ing backward: 
retrogres'sion, n.: retro- 
gres'sive, a. 

Refrospect, n. a view of 
things past: retrospec'tion, 
«.: retrospec'tive, a. 

Return', v. to come, go, or 
give back: return', n. 

Reun'ion, n. a imion again. 

Reveal', vui. to discover, dis- 
close: revela'tion, «. 

Reveille (re-val'ya), n. sound 
of the morning drum in 

Rev'el, v.n. to make merry, 
carouse: — n. noisy jollity: 

Revenge', v.a. to mjure m 
return, retaliate: revenge', 
n.: -ful, a. 

Rev'enue, n. income, as of a 

Revern>erate, v. to send or 
beat back, as sound: rever'- 
berant, a.: reverbera'tion, 
».: rever'beratory, a. 

Revere', v.a. to regard with 
respect mingled with awe, 
venerate: rev'erence, n. & 
v. a.: rev'erend, a.: rever- 
ent, a.: reveren'tial, a. 

Reverse', v.a. to turn back, 
change to the contrary; an- 
nul: — n. change; misfortime: 
rever'sal, ».: revers'ible, a. 

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Reverf, v. to go back, return: 
rever'sion, n. 

Rev'ery, n. dreamy state. 

Review', v. to view again, re 
consider; inspect: teview',«. 

Revile% v. to reproach, vilify. 

Revise', v.a. to review and 
amend: — n. a second proof- 
sheet: revi'sion, n. 

Revive', v. to return to life or 
vigor; bring to life: revi'val. 

Revoke', v.a. to repeal, re- 
verse: rev'ocable, a. 

Revolf (-volt'), V. to rise in 
rebellion; turn away in dis- 
gust: revolf, ». 

Revolu'tion, n. motion round 
a centre; extensive change of 
government, successful re- 
volt: -ary, a.: -i8t,«.: -ize, v. 

Revolve', v. to turn or roll 
round: consider. 

Revul'sion, ». a turning back; 
complete change: -sive, a. 

Rhap'sody (rap'-), n. a wild, 
incoherent composition or 
song: rhapsod'ical, a. 

Rheforic (ret-), n. art of 
oratory or of prose composi- 
tion: rhetor'ical, a.: rnet- 
oii'cian, n. 

Rheum (rodm). n. a watery 
fluid from mucous glands. 

Rheum'atism (r5d'-), n. a 
painful disease of muscles, 
Joints, &c.: rheumaf ic, a. 

Rninoc'eros, n. a large ani- 
mal allied to the elephant 

Rhododen'dron, n. a flower- 
ing shrub or tree. 

Rhomb, rhom'bus, n. a 
(quadrilateral with equal 
sides and angles not right 
angles: rhoml>ic, a. 

RhomtMid, n. an oblique- 
angled parallelogram whose 
adjacent sides are unequal. 

RhutMirb (r36'-), n. a plant 
and its medicinal root. 

Rhyme (rim), n. corre^x)nd- 
ence of sounds at the end of 
verses; poetry: — v. to agree 
in sound; make verses. 

Rhythm (ilthm or fUhm), n. 
melodious flow or move- 
ment: ajs. rhyth'mic, -ical. 

Rib'ald, n. low fellow: — a. 
low, foul-mouthed: -ry, n. 

RibtMn, n. a fillet or narrow 
strip of silk. 

Rice, n. an esculent grain. 

Rich, a. wealthy, fertile, fruit- 
ful: rich'es, n. pi. wealth. 

Rick^ets, n. pi. a disease of 
childhood: rick'ety, a. 

Ricochef (rik-o-sha'), n. a 
skipping like that of a flat 
stone tb-own along the sur- 
face of water. 

Rid, v.a. to set free, to clear, 
relieve: rid'dance, n. 

Rid'dle, n. an enigma; a 
coarse sieve: — v.a. to make 
fuU of holes with shot. 

Ride, v.n. to be borne as on 
horseback or in a carriage. 

Ridge, n. top of the back or 
of a slope. 

Rid'icttle, n. wit exposing one 
to laughter: — v.a. to deride. 

Ridic'ufims, a. worthy of 
being laughed at, absurd. 

Rife, a. prevalent, abounding. 

Riffraff, n. refuse, sweepings. 

Ri'fle, v.a. to rob, plunder; 
groove: — n. a gun with a 
grooved barrel. 

Rut, ». a deft, a split. 

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Rig, v.a. to dress. 

Rig'ging, n. ropes or tackling 

of a ship. 
Right, a. straight; proper, 

iust; not left; formed by one 

line perpendicular to an- 
other: — ». that which is 

just; just claim: — v.a. to 

make right: -ful, a. 
Righteous (ri'chus), a. just, 

upright, free from sin. 
Rig'id, a. stiff as with cold; 

severe, strict: rigidity, «. 
Rig'or, n. stiffness, strictness, 

severity: -ous, a. 
Rill, n. a small brook. 
Rim, n. a border, brim. 
Rime, n. frozen dew. 
Rind (rind), «. bark, skin. 
Ring, n. a circle of metal; 

sound of a bell, &c.: — v. to 

strike a bell, sound as a bell 
Ringaeader, n. the leader of 

a riotous body. 
Ring'worm, «. circular tgtter. 
Rinse, v.a. to cleanse with 

clean water. 
Ri'ot, v.n. to revel; raise an 

uproar: — n. unlawful tumult 

or disturbance: -ous, a. 
Rq>, v.a. to tear apart. 
Ripe, a. mature, fully devel 

oped: ri'pen, v. to grow or 

make ripe. 
R4>'ple, n. a small curiing 

wave: rip'ple, v. to wave, 

flow in waves. 
Rise (rlz), v. to get or go up. 
Risible (rizf-). a. exciting 

laughter: risibility, «. 
Risk, ff . hazard, danger:— 

to hazard. 
Rite, n. a religious ceremony: 

rif ual, a. 

Rifual, n. a book of religious 

rites: -ist, ».: -ism, «. 
Ri'val, «. one striving with 

another for the same ob- 
ject. — a. competing: — v.a. 

to compete with, strive to 

equal: -ry, n. 
Rive, V. to ^lit, cleave. 
Riv'er, n. a large stream. 
Riv'et, n. a bolt clinched:— 

v.a. to fasten with rivets. 
Riv'ulet, n. a brook. 
Roach, «. a fresh-water fish. 
Road, n. way for passengers. 
Road, roads, road'stead, n. 

place where ships may ride 

at anchor. 
Roan, a. bay or dark with 

white or gray spots. 
Roar, v.n. to miake a loud 

noise: — ». cry of a beast; 

loud noise. 
Roast, v.a. to cook, as meat, 

before a fire: roast, n. 
Rob, V. to plunder: roblier, 

n. one who robs: -y, n. 
Robe, n. a gown, a rich dress. 
Rob'in, rob'in^edl)reast, n. 

a singing bird. 
Robusf , a. strong, hardy. 
Roch'et (roch'-), n. a surplice. 
Rock'et, «. a firework which 

is projected through the air. 
Rod, n. a slender stick; a 

measure, i6J feet. 
RoMent, a. gnawing. 
Rodomontade', n. boasting. 
Roe, n. female deer; fisn 

Roga'tion, n. supplication. 
Rogue (rdg), n. a knave, 

rascal, mischievous person: 

rog'uery (rog'ur-i), «.: rog'- 

uish (rdg'ish), a. 

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Roil, v.a. to render turbid. 

Rois'tering, a. swaggering. 

Roll. V. to turn like a wheel: 
roil, «.: roll'er, n. 

Roriicking, a. frolicking. 

Roll'ing stock, the engines, 
cars, &c., of a railway. 

Romance', n. a fictitious, 
wondesiul tale: — v.n. to tell 
extravagant stories. 

Roman'tic, a. fanciful, wild. 

Romp, n. a girl who frolics 
rudely: — v.n. to play rudely. 

Rood, n. fourth of an acre; 
figure of the crucifixion. 

Roof, H. cover of a house, &c. 

Rook, n. kind of crow: -ery, n. 

Room, n. space, stead; an 
apartment :-^.f». to lodge: 
-y, a. spacious. 

Roost, n. that on which a 
bird rests at night: — v.n. to 
^eep, as a bird. 

Roosf er, n. male fowl, cock. 

Root, «. that part of a plant 
in the soil: — v. to be firmly 
c>stablished, take root, fix by 
roots; turn up with the 

Rope, ff . a large cord. 

Ro'pery, rope'walk, n. a 
place where ropes are made. 

Ro'py, a. stringy, glutinous. 

Ro'sary, n. a string of beads 
by which Roman Catholics 
count their prayers. 

Rose. ». a plant and its flower, 
which is often red: rosa'- 
ceous, a.: ro'seate, a. 

Rose'mary, n. fragrant plant 

Rosette', «. a rose-like orna- 

Rose'-water, n. water dis- 
tilled from rose leaves. 

Rose'wood, ff. a Brazilian 
wood much prized for cabi- 

Ros'in, n. resin from the pine. 

Ros'ter, n. a list, register. 

Ros'trum, n. a b^ of a 
bird or a ship; platform for 
speakers: ros'tral, a. 

Ro'sy, a. Uke a rose, red. 

Ro'tate, V. to turn round like 
a wheel: ajs. ro'tary, ro'- 
tatory: rota'tion, ». 

Rote, n. mechanical repetition 
of words. 

Roften (-tn), a. putrid. 

Rotund', a. round, spherical: 
rotun'dity, n. 

Rotun'da, n. a round hall. 

Roue (roo-aO. *>• a debauchee. 

Rouge (roozh), n. a red paint 
or powder for the cheeks. 

Rough (ruf), a. not smootli, 
shaggy, hfiursh. 

Rous^cast, v.a. to plaster 
wjth coarse mortar. 

Rough'en, vm. to make rough. 

Roulette' (rSo-let'), n. a game 
of hazard. 

Round, a. circular, globular: 
— n. a drcle, series, turn: — 
ad. & prep, around: — v. a. to 
make roimd. 

Round'about, a. circuitous, 

Roun'delay, n. a kind of song 
or dance. 

Round-rob'in, n. petition with 
names signed in a circle. 

Rouse, V. to wake, stir. 

Rout, n. a rabble: evening 
party; disorder ot defeated 
troops: — v.a. to put to dis- 
orderly flight. 

Route (root), n. course, road. 

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Routine' (rSo-tenO, n. regular 

or habitual course. 
Row (ro), n. a line, rank: — v. 

to impel by oars. 
Row (row), n. a noisy quarrel. 
Ro^ay, n. a tiu'bulent fellow. 
Row'el, n. point of a spur. 
Roy'al, a. kingly, regal, noble: 

-ist, ».: -ty, n. 
Rub'ber, n. caoutchouc; the 

deciding game. 
Rublbish, n. refuse, trash. 
Rubes'cent, a. growing red. 
Rulbicund, a. red, ruddy. 
Rulbric, n. a direction as to 

the service in a prayer-book; 

any writing or pnntmg m 
red ink in books and MSS. 

Ruliy, n. a precious stone of 
a red color, also the color. 

Ructa'tion, n. act of belching. 

Rud'der, n. the instrument by 
which a ship is steered. 

Rud'dy, a. reddish, florid. 

Rude, a. rough, uncivil. 

RuMiment, n. a first principle 
or element: — ajs. rudimen'- 
tal, rudimen'tary. 

Rue, vxi. to be sorry for: n. a 
bitter herb: -ful, a. 

Ruff, n. p4aited collar. 

Ruff'ian, n. a brutal fellow. 

Ruffle, v.a. to ripple, dis- 
turb, vex, make with ruffles: 
— n. strip of cloth, &c., gath- 
ered at one side; low roll of 

Ru'fous, a. reddish-brown 

Rug, n. a floor mat; thick cov- 
erlet or blanket of wool, &c. 

RufE'ged, a. rough, uneven. 

Ru'in, n. destruction: pi. re- 
mains of buildings, cities, 
&c.: — V. to destroy: -ous, a. 

Rule, n. that which regulates, 
a standard; instrument to 
draw lines: — v. to govern; 
mark with lines: ru'ler, n. 

Rum, n. a spirit distilled from 

Rumlble, v.n. to make a low 
heavy continued sound. 

Ru'minate, v. to chew the 
cud; meditate: rumina'- 
tion, ».: ru'mlnant, a. 
chewing the cud. 

Rum'mage, n. & v. search by 
overturning thin^. 

Ru'mor, ». a flymg report, 
current story: — v. to report. 

Ru^^>, n. end of the Ixick- 
bone, buttocks. 

Rum'ple, v.a. to wrinkle. 

Run, v.n. to move swiftly, 
flow: run'ner, «. 

Run'away, n. a fugitive. 

Runlet, n. a small stream. 

Runt, n. a stimted animal. 

Rupee^ n. East Indian silver 
coin, worth about 32 cents. 

Rupt'ure, n. a breach, burst; 
hernia: — v. to break, burst. 

Rubral, a. of or in the country. 

Ruse (r56z), n. a trick, dodge. 

Rusk, n. a light; sweet cake. 

Rus'set, a. reddish-brown. 

Rus'tic, a. relating to the 
country, rural, rude: rus'- 
tic, n.: rustic'ity (-tis'-), n. 

Rus'ticate, v.n. to reside in 
the country: — v.a. to ban- 
ish into the country, as from 
college: rustica'tion, n. 

Rus'tle (-si), V. to make a low 
rattle, as with leaves. 

Rutaba'ga, n. Swedish turnip. 

Ruth'less (rooth -), a. pitiless. 

Rye (ri), n. an esculent grain. 

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SaVaoth, n. annles, hosts. I 

Sabbata'rian, one who keeps 
the 7th day as sabbath. I 

Sablmth, n. day of rest, Sun- 
day: ajs. sabbafic, -ical. 

Sa'bley n. an j»rimia| and its 
valuable fur: a. black, dark. 

Safhre (-ber). n. kind of sword. 

Sac, n. a little pouch. 

Sac'ctaarin (-ka-), ». a coal- 
tar product much sweeter 
than sugar: sac'charine 
(-ka-iln), a. sugary. 

Sacerdo'tel (sas-^, a. priestly. 

Sa'diem, n. Indian chief. 

Sack, n. a bag; pillage; a gar- 
ment: — vji. to pillage. 

Sac'rament, n. a solemn relig- 
ious ceremony, as the Lord's 
Supper: sacramen'tal, a. 

Sa'creo. a. made holy, conse- 
crated, reli^us. 

Sac'rifice (-fiz), vji. to oflfer 
up to Heaven, give up with 
loss or su£Fering: — n. an of- 
fering to Go(h something 
given up: sacrin'cial, a. 

Sac'rilege, ». the profaning 
of sacred things: sacrile' 

Sac'ristan, ». sexton. 

Sac'risty, ». church vestry. 

Sad, a. sorrowful: 8ad'den,v.a. 

Sad'dle, ff. a seat for a horse- 
man on a horse's back. 

Sad'dler, n. one who makes 
saddles: -y, n. 

Safe, a. free from danger, 
secure: safe'ty, n. 

Safe'-con'duct, n. a warrant 
to pass in safety. 

Safe'guard, n, a defence. 

Saffron, n. a plant with a 
yellow flower: — a. yellow. 

Sac, v.n. to sink down. 

Saga'cious (-ga'shus), a. dis- 
cerning, wise: sagacity, n. 

Sag'amore, n. an Indian chief. 

Sage, a. wise: — n. a wise man; 
an herb. 

Sag'ittal (safOt a. arrow-like. 

Sa'go, n. a starch from palms, 
used for food. 

Sail, n. sheet of canvas on a 
ship, &c.; a sh^); trip in a 
vessel; — v. to move by sails. 

Sail'or, ». a seaman. 

Saint, tt. a holy person: ajs. 
<-ed, -ly, holy, pious. 

Sake, n. final cause, account. 

Salaam' (-lamO, n. salutation. 

Sa'lable, a. that may be sold. 

Sala'cious (-shus), a. lustful. 

Sal'ad, n. food of raw herbs. 

Sal'amander, n. a species of 
lizard once supposed able to 
live in fire. 

Sal'ary, n. wages: sal'aried, a. 

Sale, ft. a selling, market: 
sales'man, n. 

Salera'tus, n. baking soda. 

Salic, a. noting a French law 
excluding women from the 
throne. , 

Sa'lient, a. standing out prom- 

Salsify, v.a. to change into a 
salt: sarifiable, a. 

Saline^ a. pertaining to salt: — 
n. a salt-spring. 

Sali'va, n. slaver, spittle: ajs, 

' sali'val, sal'ivary. 

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Sal'lvate, v.a. to produce a 
flow of saliva: saliva'tion»». 

Sal'low, n. a small species of 
willow: — a. pole yeUow. 

Sal^y, V. to rush out: sally, n. 

Salmagun'di, ». chopped 
meat with pickled fish, on- 
ions, &c. 

Salm'on (sam'un), n. a fish. 

Saloon', n. a spacious hall or 
room; drinking-shop. 

Salt, n. a substance used for 
seasoning; chemical combi- 
nation of an add with a base. 

Sartant, a. leaping, dancing: 
salta'tion, ».: sartatory, a. 

Salt'-cellar, ». vessel for salt. 

Saltpe'tre (-t^), n. nitrate of 
potash, nitre. 

Salt-rheum' (-room'), n. a 
disekse of the skin. 

SalutM-ious, a. healthful: sa- 
lulirity, n. 

Sal'utary, a. healthful, bene 

Salute', v.a. to greet with a 
bow, ki^ &c.: ns. salute', 
saluta'tion : salu'tatory, n. 

Sal'vace, n. a reward for sav- 
ing a ship or goods at sea. 

Salva'tion, n. preservation. 

Salve (sav), n. an ointment. 

Sal'ver, n. plate to present 
anytlung on. 

Sal'vo, n. a salute with guns. 

Samp, n. Indian com groimd 

Sam'phire (-fur or -fir), n. a 
plant used for pickle. 

Sam'ple, ». a specimen. 

Sam'pler, ». girl's show piece 
of needle-work. 

San'able, a. curable: san'a- 
tive, san'atory, a. curative. 

Sanc'tify, v.a. to make holy, 
purify: sanctifica'tion, n. 

Saiictimo'iiious, a. affectedly 
pious: sanc'timony, ». 

Sanc'tion, v.a, to confirm, 
authorize: — ». that which 

Sanc'tity, n. sacredness. 

Sancf uary, n. a sacred place; 
an inviolable asylum. 

Sanc'tum, n. a sacred or pri- 
vate place. 

San'dal, n. a sort of shoe. 

San'dal-wood, n. an aromatic 

Sand'wich, n. slices of bread 
with meat, &c., between. 

Sane, a. sound in mind. 

San^aree', n. sweetened and 
spiced wine and water. 

Sang'-froid' (sjLng'frawO, «. 
coolness, calmness. 

San'guinary, a. bloody, cruel. 

San'suine (sang'gwin), a. red, 
full of blood; ardent, confi- 
dent: sanguin'eous, a. 

San'hedrim, n. the highest 
council of the Jews. 

Sa'nies (sa'ni-es), n. thin mat- 
ter from a sore: sa'nious, a. 

San'ity, n. soundness of mind. 

Sap, H. juice of plants: — v.a. 
to undermine. 

Sap'id, a. savory: 8iu>id'ity, n. 

Sa'pient, a. wise, knowing. 

Sap'ling, n. a young tree. 

Sapona'ceous, a. soapy. 

Sapon'ify, v. to turn into soap. 

Saporif' ic, a. producing taste. 

Sap'phire, ». precious stone 
next in hardness to the dia- 
mond and usually blue. 

Sar'casm, n. a satirical re- 
mark: sarcas'tic, a. 

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Sarce'net (sars^-), n. thin silk. 
Sarcoph'agous, a. feeding on 

Sarcoph'agus, n. stone coffin. 
Sardine' (-den'), n. a small 

fish of the herring family. 
Sardonic, a. forced, iromcal. 
Sar'donyz, «. a reddish-yellow 

Sarsaparilla, n. a plant with 

a medicinal root. 
Sash, n. a belt or scarf; a win- 
Sas'safras, n. a tree whose 

root has an aromatic bark. 
Sa'tan, ». the Devil: ajs. 

satan'ic, satan'ical. 
Satch'el, n. a small bag for 

papers, books, &c. 
Sate, v.a. to satiate, glut. 
Saf ellite, ». a small planet 

revolving round a larger; an 

obsequious follower. 
Sa'tiate (-sM-at), v.a. to grat 

if^ fully, glut: sati'ety, n. 
Safin, n. a soft glossy silk. 
Saf ire, n. a ridiculing speech 

or essajj, sarcasm: ajs. satir'- 

ic, satir'ical: safirist, n. 

saf irize, v.a. 
Saf isfy.v.a. to supply or please 

fully, gratify: satisfac'tion, 

n.: satisfac'tory, a. ' 
Safurate, v.a. to drench, fill 

full: satura'tion, n. 
Saturday, n. 7th day of the 

Saturnalia, ». pi. riotous 

revelling: satumalian, a, 
Sat'umine, a. gloomy, grav< 
Sa'tyr, w. a sy-lvan god half 

man and half goat. 
Sauce, n. something to give 

relish to food; impudence. 

Sau'cer, n. a shallow platter. 

Sau'cy, a. insolent, impudent. 

Saun'ter, v. to go about idly. 

Sau'rian, n, a reptile of the 
lizard family. 

Sau'sage, n. a roll of minced 
meat in a skin. 

Sav'age, a. uncivilized, cruel, 
barbarous: — n. a wild or un- 
civilized person: -ry, n. 

Savan'na, «. a vast meadow. 

Savant (sa-vanh'), n. learned 

Save, V. to preserve; be eco- 
nomical; — prep, except. 

Sav'ings-bank, n. a bank in 
which savings are deposited. 

Saviour, or Sav'ior (sav'yur), 
«. one who saves. The 
Saviour, Jesus Christ. 

Sa'vor, n. taste or odor, flavor: 
— V. to taste, smack, relish. 

Sa'vory, a. well-flavored, ap- 
petizing: — «. an herb. 

Savo3r', n. a kind of cabbage. 

Saw, n. an instrument with a 
toothed edge; a proverb: — 
V. to cut with a saw: -yer, w. 

Say (sa), v. to speak, tell: — n. 

Scab, n. a crust over a sore. 

Scabl>ard, n. a sheath, case. 

Scal>rous, a. rough, scraggy. 

Scaffold, «. a temporary plat- 
form or staging: -ing, n. 

Scald (skawld), v. a. to bum 
with hot liquid: scald, ». 

Scald (skawld or skald), n. an 
ancient Scandinavian bard. 

Scale, n. dish of a balance; 
thin plate or layer; gradu- • 
ated measure: — v. to strip 
of scales: come off in scales; 

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Scalene', a. having three un- Scarlet, fi. a bright red color. 

equal sides, as a triangle. Scar'let-fe'ver, n. a conta- 
ScaU'ion, n. kind of onion. gious fever marked by a 

Scallop (skor-), n. a shell- scariet flush. 

fish; a notch, little curve: — Scarp, n. side of a ditch next 

v.a. indent, notch. the rampart. 

Scalp, n. the skin of the top of IScathe (skath), v. & ». dam- 

the head; — v.a. to cut thej age, harm: scathless, a. 
' scalp from. 'Scatter, v.a. to throw about 

ScaFpel, n. a surgeon's knife. | loosely, disperse. 
Scamp, n. a knave. Scav'enger,ft. a street-cleaner. 

Scam'per, v.n. to run o£f. [Scene (s€n), n. a place of ac- 
Scan, v.a. to examine closely; tion; part of a play; spectacle, 

divide into feet, as a verse. | view: scenic, a. 
Scan'dal, n. slander, disgrace: Sce'nery, n. Umdscape, view. 

-ize, v.a.: -ous, a. 

Scan'sion, n. scanning of 

Scanso'rial, a. climbing. 

Scant, a. not plentiful: — v.a. 
to stint. 

Scanf ling, n. small timber. 

Scant" y, a. meagre, scant. 

Scape'-goat, n. a goat driven 
out by the Jews to bear 
away the people's sins; one 
blamed for others' faults. | 

Scenog^raphy (se-), n. per- 
spective drawing: scene- 
graphic, a. 

Scent, H. a smell, odor: — v.a. 
to smell; perfume. 

Scep'tic (skep'-), n. doubter, 
unbeliever: scep'tical, a. 

Scep'ticism, n. unbelief. 

Scep'tre (scep'ter), n. ensign 
of royalty: scep'tred, a. 

Sched'ule (sked'-), n. list, in- 

Scape'-grace, n. a graceless Scheme, n. a plan, project: — 
or worthless fellow. | v. to plan, contrive. 

Scap'ula, ft. the shoulder- Schism (sizm), n. a si^t or 
blade: scap'ular, a. | division: schismat'ic, a. 

Scar, n. a mark of a wound. Schist (shist), n. slate-rock. 

Scarce (scairce), a. not plenti-, rock that splits in thin lay- 
ful, rare: scar'city, n. \ ers: ajs. -ic, -ose, -ous. 

Scarce, scarcely, ad. hardly. Schorar, n. a pupil, student; 

Scare, v.a. to frighten. 
Scare'crow, n. an image to 

frighten crows, &c. 
Scarf, ft. a piece of dress. 
Scarf skin, n. outer skin. 

man of learning: -ly, a. 
Schol'arship, ft. learning. 
Scholas'tic, a. pertaining to 

schools or to the schoolmen. 
Scho'liast, n. an annotator. 

Scar'ify, vui. to scratch or Scholium, n. an explanatory 

slightly cut: -fica'tion, n. | note. 
ScarXati'na (-tg'na), n. scar- School, n. a place of educa- 

let-fever. ' tion: — v.a. to instruct, teach. 

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School'man, n. one of the 
divines of the middle ages. 

Schoon'er, n. sharp-built ves- 
sel commonly two-masted. 

Sciaf ica (si-), n. neuralgia in 
the hip: sciat'ic, a. pei^in- 
ing to the hip. 

Sci'ence, n. knowledge ar- 
ranged imder general prin- 
ciples: scientific, a.: sci'- 
entist, n. 

Scintiria (sin-), ». spark. 

Scin'tiilate (sin'-), v.n. to 
emit sparks: scin'tillaiit, a.: 
scintiila'tion, n. 

Sci'olism, n. superficial knowl- 
edge, smattermg. 

Sci'oiist, ft. a smatterer. 

Sci'on, n. a yoimg shoot, graft. 

Scir'rhus (sklr'rus), n. a hard- 
ened gland or tumor: scir'- 
rhotts, a.: scirrhos'ity, n. 

Scis'sion (sizh'im), n. cutting. 

Scis'sors (siz'urz), cut- 
ting instrument with two 

Sclerot'ic, n. white of the eye. 

Scoff, V. & n. mock, jeer. 

Scold, V. to chide rudely: — n. 
a woman who scolds. 

Sconce, n. head or skull; the 
part of a candlestick for the 

Scoop, n. a large ladle: — v.a. 
to lade out; cut hollow. 

Scope, ». aim, drift; space, 
range, room. 

Scorbu'tic, a. of scurvy. 

Scorch, v.a. to bum super- 

Score, n. a notch, account; 
twenty: — v.a. to cut, mark. 

Sco'ria, «. dross, slag: pl.\ 

Sco'rify, v.a. to reduce to 
scoria: scorifica'tion, n. 

Scorn, VM, to hold in con- 
tempt: — n. contempt, dis- 
dain: -fill, a. 

Scor'pion, n. an insect. 

Scotoi, v.a. to block a wheel, 
&c.; cut slightly. 

Scof-free, a. untaxed; un- 

Scoun'drel, n. rascal: -ism, n. 

Scour, V. to cleanse by rub- 
bing; range over. 

Scourge (skurj), n. a whip; 
afiSiction: — vm. to vihxp 

Scout, n. one sent out to 
observe the enemy, &c.: — v. 
to act as a scout; scoff at. 

Scow, ». a flat-bottomed boat. 

Scowl, v.n. to look sour or 
sullen: — n. a sullen look. 

Scrablble, vm. to scribble, 
scrawl; scrape; scramble. 

Scramlble, n. & vm. struggle 
as in climbing. 

Scrap, n. a fragment, bit. 

Scrape, v.a. to rub with 
something edged: — n. a 

Scratch, v.a. to tear or mark, 
as with the nails: scratch, ». 

Scrawl, V. to write dumsuy: 
scrawl, fi. 

Scream, v. to cry out in a 
loud, shrill voice, shriek: 
scream, ». 

Screech, n. & v.n. shriek. 

Screen, n. something to shelter 
or conceal; a sieve: — v. a. to 
shelter; sift. 

Screw, n. a cjdinder grooved 
spirally: — v. a. to fasten with 
a screw. 

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Scrib'ble, v. to write care 

Scribe, n. a writer; Jewish 

expounder of the law. 
Scrip, n. a wallet; a certificate 

of stock. 
Script, ». writing. 
Scripfure, n. the Bible: 

scripf ural, a. 
Scrive'ner (dcriv'ngr), n. one 

who draws contracts; a 

Scrofttla, ». a disease char 

acterized by swelling of the 

glands: scrofulous, a. 
Scroll, n. a roll of paper, &c. 
Scrub, vji. to rub hard, 

scour: — n. a drudge. 
Scrublby, a. mean, stunted. 
Scru'ple, ff. a doubt, qualm; 

20 grains: — v.n. to hesitate 

thnxigh conscience: scru'- 

pulous, a.: scruptilos'ity, n. 
Scru'tiny, n. deep search: 

scru'tinize, v.a. 
Scud, v.n. to run swiftly. 
Scuffle, v.n. to struggle in a 

disorderly way: scurfle, n. 
Scull, n. a small boat; short 

oar: — v.a. to impel by an 

oar over the stem. 
Scullery, n. place for kitchen 

ScuMon (-yun), n. a servant 

who washes pots and pans. 
Sculp'tor, n, one who carves 

Scuq>fure, n. art of carving 

statues, &c.: carved work: — 

V. to carve: sculpfural, a. 
Scum, H. frothy refuse: — v.a. 

to skim. 
Scup'per, n. a hole in a ship'; 

side to carry off water. 

Scurf, n. scaly matter, dan- 

Scur'rilous, a. foul, grossly 
abusive: scurrility, n. 

Scur'vy, n. a cutaneous dis- 
ease: — a. vile, mean, low. 

Scutch'eon, n. escutcheon. 

Scu'tiform, a. shield-shaped. 

Scuf tie, M. a coal-hod; small 
square hole: — v.a. to sink, 
as a ship, by cutting holes 
through tne bottom. 

Scythe (sUh), n. an instru- 
ment for mowing grass. 

Sea, n. large body of water. 

SealMMurd, n. shore of the sea. 

Seal, ff. a stamp, wax im- 
pressed with a seal; a 
marine animal: — v. a. to fas- 
ten with a seal; set a seal to. 

Seam, n. a line formed by 
sewing; vein of ore, &c.: — 
v.a. to join by a seam. 

Sea'man, ». a sailor: -ship, n. 

Sea'mew, fi. a marine bird. 

Seam'stress (sem'-), «. a wo- 
man who sews. 

Sear, v.a. to scorch, cauterize: 
— a. dry, withered. 

Search, v. to seek, examine: — 
H. seeking: -able, a. 

Sea'son (se'zn). n. one of the 
four parts 01 the year; fit 
time, period of time: — v.a. to 
flavor; inure: -able, a. 

Seat, H. chair, bench, &c., to 
sit in or on; mansion, abode: 
— v.a. to place on a seat. 

Sea'worfhy, a. fit to go to sea. 

Seba'ceous, a. relating to fat. 

Se'cant, a. cutting: — «. a line 
that cuts another. 

Secede', v.n. to withdraw from 
fellowship: seces'sion, n. 

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Seck'el, n. a small sweet pear. 

Seclude', vui. to shut up 
apart, keep apart from 
others: seclu'sion, n. 

Sec'ond, a. next to the first: — 
n. attendant at a duel; sup- 
porter; 6oth part of a min- 
ute: v.a. to assist: -ary, a. 

Sec'ond-hand, a. not new/ 

Se'cret, a. concealed, private: 
n. thing hidden: se'crecy, n. 

Sec'retary, n. one who writes 
for another; an officer of 
state or of a society. 

Secrete', v. a. to hide, conceal; 
separate: secre'tion, ».: 
secre'toxy, a. 

Sect, n. a religious denomina- 
tion: -a'rian, a. & «.: -a'ri- 
anism, n,: -ary, n. 

Sec'tile, a. that may be cut 

Sec'tion, ». a cutting, divis 
ion, portion: -al, a. 

Sec'tor, n. part of a circle 
contained by an arc and two 
radii; a mathematical instru- 

Sec'ular, a. worldly, not spirit- 
ual: -ize, v.: secular'ity, n. 

Sec'undines, after-birth. 

Secure', a. free from danger, 
safe: — v. a. to make safe: se- 
cur'able, a.: secu'ri^, «. 

Sedan', ». a dosed chair car- 
ried by two men. 

Sedate', a. calm, quiet, serious. 

Sed'ative, a. soothing:—*, a 
soothing medicine. 

Sed'entary, a. sitting much. 

Sedge, n. a coarse grass, as in 
marshes: sedc'y, a. 

Sed'iment, n. that which set 
ties at the bottom, dregs, 
lees: sedimen'tary, a. 

Sedi'tion, n. rebellious dis- 
content: sedi'tious, a. 

Seduce', v.a. to entice to evil, 
lead astray: seduc'tion, n.: 
seduc'tive, a. 

Sed'ulous, a. diligent, assidu- 
ous: ns. -ness, sedu'lity. 

See, v.a. to perceive by the eye: 
— n. diocese of a bishop. 

Seed, n. that from which 
plaints and animals are gen- 
erated: seedling, n. a idiant 
from the seed. 

Seed'y, a. run to seed; worn 
out; shabby. 

Seem, v.n. to appear, look. 

Seem'ly, a. decent, becoming. 

Seer, n. a prophet. 

See'saw, fi. alternate motion 
up and down: see'saw, v.n. 

Seethe, v.a, to boil. 

Seg'ment, n. a part cut off. 

Seg'regate, v. a. to separate: 
segrega'tion, n. 

Seigneu'rial (se-nu'-), a. be- 
longing to a seignior. 

Seign'ior (sen'yur), n. the lord 
of a manor: -y, n. 

Seine (sen), n. a large fishing- 

Seis'in (sez'in), seiz'in, n. 
possession of freehold estate 
m land. 

Seis'mic (sis-), a. of or due to 
an earthquake. 

Seismol'ogy (sis-), n. the sci- 
ence of earthquakes. 

Seize, vui. to grasp, take by 
force: seiz'ure, n. 

Sel'dom, ad. not often, rarely. 

Selecf, v.a. to choose: — a. 
well chosen, choice: -ion, n. 

Selenography (sel-), n. de* 
scription of the moon. 

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SeFfish, a. unduly for seIf,lSen'8itive, a. sentient, feeling. 

sordid, illiberal: -ness, n. 

Selfsame, a. very same. 

Self-willed% a. wilful. 

Sell, v.a. to give for a price. 

Servage, n. the edge of cloth. 

Sem'blaiice, n. likeness. 

Seamen, n. seed-fluid of ani- 

Semi-an'nual, a. half-yearly. 

Sem'icircle, n. half a circle. 

Semicolon, ». a stop, thus (;) 

Semidiam'eter,half -diameter. 

Semilu'nar, a. shaped like a 

Sem'inal, a. belonging to seed. 

Sem'inaiy, n. a school. 

Semina'tion, fi. a sowing. 

Semitone, n. half a tone. 

Semivowel, ». a half-vowel 
sound, as that of y or w. 

Sempiter'nal, a. everlastuig. 

Seagate, n. the upper house of 
a legislature: sen'ator, n. 
senato'rial, a. 

Senes'cence, n. growing old. 

Sen'eschal (-esh-al), n. 

Se'nile (-nil), a. relating to old 
age: senility, n. 

Senior (sen'jrur), n. one older 
than another: an elder: — a. 
older: seniority, 

Sen'na, ». dried leaves of cas- 
sia, used as a cathartic. 

Sen'night (sen'nit), n. a week 

Sensa'tion, n. perception by 
the sense, excitement: -al, a. 

Sense, n. the faculty by which 
things are perceived; in- 
tellect; meaning. 

Sen'sible, a. perceptible; eas- 
ily affected; cognizant; ju- 
dicious, wise: sensibility, n. 

Sen'sual, a. relating or pleas- 
ing to the senses: -ize, vm.i 
-ism, n.: -ist, ».: sensual'- 
ity, ».: sen'suous, a. 

Sen'tence, n. a doom, judg- 
ment; words containing a 
complete thought: — v. a. to 
judge, condemn. 

Senten'tious (-shus), a. short 
and pithy in expression. 

Sen'tient (-shi-ent), a. feel- 
ing, perceiving. 

Sen'timent,n. feeling; opinion; 
a thought in words. 

Sentimen'tal, a. full of feel- 
ing, affectedly tender: -ism, 
».: sentimentality, ff. 

Sen'tinel, sen'try, n. a soldier 
on guard. 

Sep'arate, v. to put by itself; 
divide, part: — a. apart from 
another: sep'arable, a.: sep- 
ara'tion, ».: sep'aratist, n. 

Se'poy, n. native soldier of 

Septeml>er,».the 9th month. 

Sep'tenary, a. consisting of 7. 

S^ten'nial, a. lasting 7 years 
or happening every 7 years. 

Sep'tic, sep'tical, a. tending 
to produce putrefaction. 

Septuagena'rian, septuag'- 
enary, n. one 70 years old. 

Sep'tuafl^t, ». the Greek ver- 
sion of the Old Testament. 

Sep'tuple, a. sevenfold. 

Sepul'chnl, a. relating to a 

Sep'ulchre (-k6r), n. a tomb. 

Sep'ulture, n. interment. 

Sequa'cious, a. following. 

Se'quel, n. that which follows, 

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Se'quent, a. following, suc-l 

ceeding: se'quence, n. 
Seques'ter^ seques'trate, v.a. 

to set aside; seize and hold 

till a demand is satisfied: 

sequestra' tion, n.: seq'ues- 

trator, ». 
Seraglio (-ral'yo), n. palace 

of a Turkish sultan; harem. 
Ser'aph, n. an angel of the 

highest rank: pi. ser^aphim. 
Seraphic, a. angelic, blissful. 
Ser'aphine (-fen), n. a kind of 

small organ. 
Serenade', n. music performed 

under windows at night: — 

v.a. to comi^iment with a 

Serene% a. calm, quiet, clear: 

seren'ity, n. 
Serf, n. a slave: -dom, n. 
Serge, n. a twilled cloth. 
Ser'geant (ser^'ent or sar'-), », 

a military officer next above 

a corporal; a lawyer of high 

Se'ries, n. a succession of 

things: se'rial, a. & n. 
Se'rious, a. grave, sdemn. 
Ser'mon, n. discourse of a 

preacher: -ize, vm. 
Se'rous, a. like serum, watery. 
Ser'pent, n. a creeping animal, 

a snake: ser'peiitine, a. 
Ser'rate, ser'rated (s6r'-), a. 

notched like a saw. 
Ser'ried, a. set close, crowded. 
Se'rum, n. a thin, watery fluid, 

as that of blood; whey. 
Serve, v. to wait on, work for, 

assbt; perform duty; suit: 

ser'vant, n. 
Ser'vice, n. a working for an- 
other; duty; use: -able, a. 

jSer'vile (-vil), a. slavish, cring- 
ing, mean: servil'ity, n. 

ISer'vitor, ». servant. 

Ser'vitude, n. slavery. 

Ses'sion (sesh'un), n. sitting 
of a court or lei^islature, &c. 

Set, v.a. to p4ace, fix, adjust: — 
v.n. to go down, as the sun: 
— a. fixed, firm: — n. a com- 
plete suit or assortment. 

Seta'ceous (-shus), a. brisdy. 

Sef-oflf, n. offset. 

Se'ton (se'tn), n. threads in- 
serted in the skin to cause a 

Setose', se'tous, a. bristly. 

Settee', long seat with a back. 

Sef ter, n. a kind of dog. 

Sef tie, n. a bench with a back. 

Sef tie, v.a. to establish, deter- 
mine: — v.n, to subside, sink: 
-ment, «.: sef tier, n. 

Sevennight (sen'nit), n. week. 

Sev'er, v.a. to separate, sun- 
der, cut apart: -ance, n. 

Sev'eral, a. various, sundry. 

Severe', a. rigid, harsh, strict; 
painful: sever'ity, n. 

Sew (sd), V. to join with a 
needle: sew'er (s6'-), n. 

Sew'a^ (sd5-), n. matter 
passing through sewers. 

Sewer (s66r), «. a public drain: 
sew'erage, n. 

Sex, n. the distinction of male 
or female. The Sex, wom- 

Sexagena'rian, n. one 60 
years old. 

Sexag^enary (-aj'-), a. con- 
taining or designating 60: — 
n. one 60 years old. 

Sexan'gular, a. having 6 

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Sexen'nial, a. lasting 6 years, 
or occurring once in 6 years. 

Sex'tant, n. 6th part of a cir- 
cle; instrument to measure 

Sex'ton, n. one who has charge 
of a church and graveyard. 

Sex'tuple, a. sixfold. 

Sex'tuu, a. pertaining to sex: 
sexual'ity, n. 

Shab'by, a. threadbare or 
ragged, mean, paltry. 

Shackle, v.a. to chain, fetter. 

Shackles, n.^. fetters. 

Shad, ». a fish. 

Shade, n. interception of light 

Shad'ow, n. dark image 
formed when a body inter- 
cepts light: — v.a. to cloud 
or darken; represent faintly. 

Shaft, n. an arrow; entrance 
to a mine; pole of a carriage. 

Shag, ft. rough, wodly hair; 
cloth with a shaggy nap. 

Shag'ged, shag'gy, a. rough, 

Shagreen', n. kind of leather. 

Shan (shU), n. ruler of Persia. 

Shake, v. to agitate, quiver: 
shake, ».: snak'er. n. 

Shale, n. slaty rock: snaly, a. 

Shallop, n. a boat. 

Shallow, a. not deep; sflly: — 
n. a shoal, shallow place. 

Sham, n. an imposture, cheat: 
V. to feign: — a. counterfeit. 

9iaml>le, v.n. to move awk- 

Shaml>les, slaughter- 

Shame, n. sense of disgrace: — 
v.a. to make ashamra: -ful, 
a. disgraceful: -less, a. 

Shame'faced, a. bashful. 

Shampoo', v.a. to rub and 
press the limbs after a hot 
bath, &c.; wash and rub the 

Sham'rock, n. a clover-like 

Slumk, n. leg from knee down. 

Shan'ty, n. a hut. 

Shape, v.a. to form, mould, 
adjust: — n. form, appear- 
ance: -less, a.: -ly, a. 

Shard, n. a fragment; a shell. 

Share, ». portion, allotment; 
plough-blade: — v.a. to ap- 
portion, divide: — v.n. to 
have part. 

Shark, n. a voracious sea-fish. 

Sharp, a. keen, piercing, sour. 

^larp'en, v.a. to make sharp. 

Sharp'er, n. a swindler. 

Sharp'-set, a. ravenous. 

Shaf ter, v. to break in pieces. 

Share, v.a. to cut or pare off; 
graze; cheat: — n. a tool to 
shave wood: shav'er, n. 

Sheaf, n. a bundle of grain: 
pi. sheaves. 

Shear, v.a. to cut with shears. 

Shears, a cutting instru- 
ment with two blades. 

Sheath, n. a case, scabbard. 

Sheathe, v.a. to put into a 

Sheave, n. wheel of a pulley- 

Shed, v.a. to pour, spill, cast 
off: — n. an outhouse, &c. 

Sheen, fi. brightness, lustre. 

Sheep, n. wool-bearing ani- 
mal: sheepish, a. foolishly 

I. pure, unmixed: — 
V.H. to deviate, turn aside: — 
n. curve of a ship's deck. 

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Sheet, n. a cloth in a bed; a Ship, n. a sea-vessel; vessel 

piece of paper, &c. with 3 masts: — v.a. to put 

Sheef-anchor, n. the ship's 

largest anchor. 
Sheik (shgk), n. an Arab chief. 
Shek'el (shekel), n. an ancient 

Jewish silver coin, worth 

about 63 cents. , „ 

Shel'drake, n. a kind of wild Shiv'er, v. to break into little 

duck. j faeces; shake, shudder: — 

Shelf, n. a board to set things! ». small piece: -y, a. 

on: shoal, ledge: pi. shelves. Shoal, n. a multitude, as of 

into a ship; send by any con- 
veyance: -ment, n. 

Ship'wrii^t, n. ship-builder. 

Shire (sher or shir), n. county. 

Shirk, v.n. to avoid unfairly. 

Shirt, ». a man's garment. 

Shell, n. a hard covering; a 
bomb: — v. to strip off or cast 
the shell; fire shells at. 

Shell'-fish, n. aquatic ani- 
mal with an external shell. 

Shel'ter, n. a protecting roof, 
&c.; refuge: — v. to give or 
take shelter; harbor. 

Shelve, v.a. to place on a 
shelf: — v.n. to slope. 

Shepherd (shep'grd), n. one 
who tends sheep; a pastor. 

Sher^t, n. a drink made of 
fruit-juice sweetened and 
flavored. I 

Sher'iff, n. chief executive] 

fish; a shallow, sand-bank: 
ihallow, not deep: -y, a. 
Shock, n. a violent shake; pile 

of sheaves: — v.a. to shake, 

offend, disgust. 
ShodMy, n. old woollen rags 

for remanufacture. 
Shoe, n. 2l cover for the foot: — 

v.a. to furnish with shoes. 
Shooks, st&yes for casks. 
Shoot, V. to discharge, as from 

a gun; dart, thrust forward: 

— n. a young branch. 
Shop, n. a room for retailing 

goods or for work: — v.n. to 

visit shops in order to buy. 

oflScer of a county: -alty, n.'Shopliftinfi:, n. stealing from 
Sher'ry, n. a Spanish wine. { a shop: shop'lifter, n. 
Shib'boleth, n. party watch- Shore, n. coast, border of 

word. water; a prop: — v.a. to prop. 

Shield, n. a piece of defensive Short, a. not long, brief. 

armor: — vm. to protect. tShorfen, vui. to make short. 
Shift, V. to change; find means: Shortliand, n. short mode of 

— n. an exi)edient; chemise.! writing. 
Shift'less, a. inefficient, lazy. Shorts, n.^/. coarse meal, bran. 
ShillaOah, n. a cudgel. Shot, n. balls of lead, &c. 

Shil'ling, n. a silver coin in Shote, n. a young hog. 

England, 12 pence. 
Shin'gle (shing'l), n. 
board; coarse gravel: 
eruptive disease: — v 
cover with shingles. 

3, thin 
pl. an 

Shoul'der, n. the joint which 
connects the arm with the 
body: — v. a. to put on the 
shoulder; push rudely with 
the shoulder. 

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Shout, n. a loud cry: — v.n. to 

cry out. 
Shove (shuv), n. & v.a. pushc 
Shov'el (shuv'I), n. a tool for 

taking up earth, &c. 
ShoWi v.a. to exhibit: — v.n. 

to appear: — n. an exhibi- 
tion, sight. 
Showil>read, n. unleavened 

bread of the Jews. 
Show'er, n. a short fall of rain 

or hail: — v.n. to rain in 

showers: — v.a. to wet: -y, a. 
Show'y, a. gaudy, gay. 
Shred» vm. to cut or tear into 

strips: — n. a strip. 
Shrew, n. a scolding woman. 
Shrewd, a. cunning, sharp. 
Shriek, v.n. to cry shrilly: — n 

a shrill outcry. 
Shrill, a. sharp, piercing. 
Shrimp, n. a small shell-fish 
Shrine, «. a case to hold 

things sacred. 
Shrink, v. to contract; recoil. 
Shriv'el (shriv^), v. to con 

tract into wrinkles. 
Shroud, n. winding-sheet for 

the dead: pi. large ropes of 

a ship: — v. to shelter, cover. 
Shrove'tide, n. the Tuesday 

before Lent. 
Shrub, n. a dwarfish tree; a 

beverage: shrub'bery, n. 
Shrug, V. to draw up the 

Shuck, n. the hull, husk. 
ShudMer, v.n. to tremble from 

fear, &c.: — n. a trembling 
Shuffle, V. to shove together; 

mix as cards; dodge, evade 
Shunt, v.a. to switch or turn 

off on a side rail: — n. rail 

way switch. 

Shuf tie, n. a weaver's instru- 

Shuf tlecock, ». a cork stuck 
with feathers, beaten back 
and forth by players. 

Sib'ilant, a. hiding, sounding 
like s: sibila'tion, n. 

SiVyl, n. prophetess: -line, a. 

Sic'cative, a. drying: sic'city 
(sik'sl-tl), n. 

Sick, a. ill, in poor health. 

Sic'kle, n. a reaping-hook. 

Side, n. edge; surface; partjj. 

Sidelboard, n. a piece of furni- 
ture to hold dishes, &c. 

Sidelong, a. lateral, oblique. 

Side'reaL a. of the stars. 

Side'-saddle, ». a woman's 

Side'wajrs, side'wise, ad. on 
or toward one side. 

Si'dle, v.n. to go side foremost. 

Siege (sej), n. a besieging. 

Sies'ta (se-), n. after-dinner 

Sieve (siv), «. vessel for sifting. 

Sift, v.a. to separate by a 

Sifl^ (si), V. to breathe audi- 
bly as in grief: sigh, n. 

Si|^t (sit), n. sense of seeing; 
anything seen. 

Sightly, a. pleasing to the eye. 

Sign (sin), n. a token, mark: 
v.a. to attach a signature to. 

Sig'nal, n. a sign that gives 
notice: — a. eminent, re- 
markable: — V. to make sig- 
nals to: -ize, v.a. 

Sig'nature, ». one's name 
written by himself. 

Sig'net, n. a seal, csp. a king's. 

Significant, a. meaning, ex- 
pressive: significance, n. 

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Sis'nify, v. to mean, import: 
significa'tion, ». 

Si^-man'tiai, n. personal 
signature, esp. of a sover- 

Silent, a. not speaking, still: 
silence, «. & v.a. 

Sile'sia (sl-le'shl-a), n. a kind 
of thin twilled doth. 

SUOiouette' (sil'oo-etO, n. a 
drawing in tdack. 

Silica, silez, n. pure quartz 
or flmt: sili'cious, a. 

Silk, H. doth or throui woven 
from a soft substance pro- 
duced by certain caterpillars: 
silk'en, a.: silk'y, a. 

Sill, n. a bottom piece of 

Sillabub, n. milk with wine or 
dder sweetened. 

Silly, a. simple, foolish. 

Silt, n. mud, &c., deposited by 

Sil'ver, ». a precious metal: — 
V. to cover with silver: -y, a. 

Sim'ilar, a. resembling, like: 
similar'ity, n. 

Sim'ile (siml-le), n. some- 
thing sitnilar, a comparison. 

Similitude, n. resemblance. 

Sim'mer, v.n. to boil gently. 

Sim'ony, n. crime of buying 
or selling church prefer- 
ment: simoni'acal, a. 

Simoom', simoon', n. a hot, 
smothering wind in Arabia. 

Sim'per, v.n. to smile foolish 
ly: — «. a foolish smile. 

Sim'ple, a. single, plain, art- 
less; silly: — n. something 
uncompounded; a medicinsu 
plant: simplicity, n, 

Sim'pleton, n. a dunce. 

Sim'plify, vut. to make sim- 
ple: simplifica'tion, n. 

Sim'ulate, v.a. to feign, imi- 
tate: simula'tion, n. 

Simulta'neoiis (si-), a. at the 
same time. 

Sin, n. wrong-doing: sin, v.: 
-ful, a. 

Since, canj. after, because. 

Sincere', a. honest, real, frank: 
sincer'ity (sin-s6r'-), n. 

Sin'ciput, ». front of the head. 

Si'necure, ». an office of prof- 
it without work. 

Sin'ew, n. a tendon, muscle: 
-y, a. strong, vigorous. 

Sing, V. to utter musical 

Singe, V. & n. scorch. 

Sin'gle, a. one only; unmar- 
ried; sincere: — v.a. to select. 

Sing'-song, n. drawling tone. 

Sin'gular, a. single, alone, 
uncommon: singular'ity, n. 

Sin'ister, a. on the left; omi- 
nous, bad, evil. 

Sink, V. to fall or cause to fall 
gradually: — n. a drain. 

Sink'ing-nind, n. a fund for 
the gradual payment of a 
public debt. 

Sin'ner, n. one who sins. 

Sin'uate, v.a. to bend in and 
out: sin'uous, a.: sinuos'- 

itv, «. 
i'pnon, n. a t 

Si'phon, «. a bent tube to draw 
a liquid from a vessel. 

Sir, n. a title. 

Sire, n. father; title of honor 
given to kings; male parent 
of a horse, &c.: — v. to beget. 

Si'ren, n. a fascinating nymph: 
— a. alluring. 

Sir'loin, n. See Stirloin. 

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Siroc'co, n. a hot south wind 

in Italy, &c. 
Sir'rah, int. sir (used in anger 

or contempt). 
^r'uD^ fi. a thick, sweet juice 

or liquor. 
Sis'ter, n. a female bom of the 

same parents: -ly, a. 
Site, n. situation, position. 
Sifuate, v.a. to locate, i^ace. 
Situa'tioii, n. position. 
Size, n. bulk, extent: — v. a. to 

arrange according to size. 
Size, siz^ing, n. a gluey sub 

stance: v. to cover with size. 
Skat (sk&t), n. a German game 

at cards. 
Skate, n. a foot-frame to slide 

with on ice; a fish: — vm. to 

slide on skates. 
Skein (skan), n. a quantity of 

threaid, &c. 
Skereton, n. the bones of an 
- animal, preserved in their 

natural position; framework. 
Sketch, n. an outline, rough 

draught: — v. a. to trace the 

outlines of: -y, a. 
Skew'er, n. a pin to hold meat[ 

in form. | 

Ski'agraph, n. an X-ray pho- 
Skid, n. a short piece of wood 

as a slider. I 

Skiff, n. a small, light boat. 
Skill, n. knowledge, ability in' 

practice: skillful, a.: skilled, 

a.: skilless, a. I 

Skiiaet, n. a kettle or pan with 

a handle. 
Skim, VM. to clear off, as! 

cream or scum: v.n. to glide' 

along near the surface: 

skim'mer, n. 

Skin, H. the covering of the 
flesh: — V. to flay: skia'ny, a. 

Skin'flint, ». a niggard. 

Skip, n. a light leap: skip, v. 

Skip'per, n. captam of vessel. 

Skir'miali, ». a slight battle: 
V. to fight in small parties. 

Skirt, n. edge, border; lower 
part of a diress, &c. 

Skif tish, a. shy. easily fright- 

Skif ties (-tlz), ninepins. 

Skulk, VM. to hide, lurk. 

SkuU, n. the bony case that 
encloses the bram. 

Skunk, n. a fetid American 

Sky, n. the apparent arch 
above, heavens: sky'ey, a. 

Skylarking, n. frolicking. 

Skylight, n. window in a roof. 

Sky'-rocket, n. a rocket to 
shoot into the sky. 

Sky'-sail, n. the sail above 
the "royal." 

Slab, n. thick, flat piece; out- 
side plank sawed from a log. 

jSlack, a. not tense; loose; re- 
miss: — V. to loosen, relax: 
^ck'en, V. 

Slag, n. dross of a metal. 

Slake, vji. to quench. 

Slam, v.a. to shut with a noise. 

Slan'der, n. a malicious false 
report: — vm. to defame, ca- 

' lunmiate: -ous, a. 

Slang, n. popular language, 

I cant. 

Slant, V. & ». slope. 

Slash, v.a. to cut with long 
cuts: — v.n. to cut or strike 
at random: — n. a long cut. 

Slat, n. a thin, narrow piece 
of wood. 

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Slate, n. a stone; thin plate of 
stone: — v.a. to cover with 

Slaf tern, n. untidy woman. 

Slaugh'ter (slaw'-), n. a slay- 
ing, butchery: — v.a. to day. 

Slave, n. one in bondage: — 
v.n. to drudge: sla'ver, ft.: 
sla'very, n.: sla'vish, a. 

Slav'er, «. spittle running from 
the mouth: — v. to smear 
with slaver; drivel. 

Slay (sla), v. a. to kill: -er, n. 

Slea'zy, a. loose in texture. 

Sled, n. a kind of deigh. 

Sledge, ». large hammer; ded. 

Sleek, a. smooth, glossy. 

Sleep, v.n. to slumber: — n. 
slumber: -less, a.: -y, a. 

Sleepier, n. one who sleeps; a 
horizontal timber supporting 
a weighty &c. 

Sleet, n. ram with hail or snow. 

Sleeve, n. the part of dress 
that covers the arm. 

Sleigh (sla), n. a vehicle for 
travelling on snow: -ing, n. 

Sleight (slit), n. an artful trick. 

Slen'der, a. thin, dim, slight. 

Sley (sla), n. a weaver's reed: 
— v.a. to part into threads. 

Slice, n. a thin piece cut off: — 
v.a. to cut into slices. 

Slide, V. to slip along, glide: — 
n. smooth passage. 

Slight, a. small, weak, trifling: 
— «. neglect, disregard: — 
v.a. to neglect, treat disre- 

Slim, a. slender, slight. 

Slime, n. moist, glutmous mat- 
ter: sli'my, fl. 

Sling, n. a weapon to throw 
stones: — v.a. to throw. 

Slink, v.n. to sneak away. 

Slip, V. to slide or glide: — n. a 
false step; twig; strip. 

Slip'per, n. a low house-shoe. 

Slip'pery. a. apt to slip away, 
smooth: slip'periness, n. 

Slip'shod, a. shod with shoes 
down at the heel; careless. 

Slit, n. a long cut: slit, v.a. 

Sli'ver or sliv'er, v.a. to split, 
cleave: — n. a long, thin piece. 

Slob'ber, n. & v. slaver, drivel. 

Sloe, n. fruit of the black- 

Slo'gan, n. war-cry of a clan. 

Sloop, n. one-masted vessd. 

Slop, v.a. to spill: — n. liouid 
spilt: pi. dirty water; clothes, 
ready-made clothing. 

Slope, V. & n. incline, slant. 

Slot, ft. a slit; a bolt. 

Sloth (sloth), n. slowness, slug- 
gishness; an animal: -ml, a. 

Slouch (slowch), n. clownish 
gait or manner: — v. to have 
a clownish look or manner; 
hang down. 

SlouffOL (sluO, n. cast-off skin 
of a serpent; dead part which 
separates from a sore: 
slough, v.n. 

Slough (slow, not sl6), n. a 
deep, miry place. 

Slov'en (sluv'-), n. an untidy 
person: -ly, a. untidy. 

Slow (sl6), a. not swift. 

Slue, V. to turn about an axis. 

Slug, n. a drone; snail; kind 
of heavy bullet; piece of 

Slug'gard, ft. a lazy fellow. 

Sluf^'gish, a. dull, lazy. 

Sluice, n. floodgate, channel, 

' gold-miner's trough. 

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Slum. M. a filthy alley or street. 
Sluml>er, v. n. to sleep lightly, 

doze: n. light sleep: -ous, a. 
Slump, v.n. to sink, fall. 
Slur, v.a. to soil; pass over 

lightly: — n. stain; reproach; 

mark showing that one mu- 
sical note runs into another. 
Slut, ft. a dirty woman; female 

dog: aluf tish, a. 
Sly, a. secretly artful. 
Smack, v. to kiss; taste: — n 

a kiss; taste; fishing-vessel. 
Small, a. little. 
Small'-poz, ». a contagious 

eruptive disease. 
Smalt, n. blue glass pulverized. 
Smart, n. a quick, stinging 

pain: — v.n. to fed a smart: 

— a. sharp, quick, clever, 

Smash, v. a. to dash to pieces 
Smattering, n. superficial 

Sniear, v.a. to daub, soil. 
Smell, V. to perceive or emit 

odor: — n. sense of smelling; 

Smelt, n. a small fish: — v. to 

melt, as in reducing ores. 
Smile, v.n. to express pleasure 

bv the face: smile, n. 
Smirch, v.a. to smutch, soil. 
Smirk, vm. to smile affectedly. 
Smite, V. to strike; afflict. 
Smi^ n. a worker in metals. 
Smock, II. a chemise, shift; a 

laborer's outer garment. I 
Smoke, n. vapor of burning 

matter: smoke, v.: smo'- 

ker, ».: smolqr, a. 
Smooth, a. havmg an even 

surface, not rough; bland: — 

v.a. to make smooth. ' 


Smotfa'er (smu/V-), v.a. to 
suffocate, stifle: — n. smoke. 

Smoul'der^ v.n. to bum and 
smoke without flame. 

Smug'gle, v.a. to import or 
export secretly without pay- 
ing duties. 

Sinut, ». a spot of soot, &c. 

Smutch, v.a. to blacken, soil. 

Smuf ty, a. stained with smut; 
dirty: smut'tiness, n. 

Snack, n. a share, part. 

Snaf'fle, n. a bridle consisting 
of a simple slender bit. 

Snag, n. a knot, jag; tooth; 
trunk of a tree, &c., fixed at 
one end in a river: -gy, a. 

Snail, n. a small, slimy, slow- 
creeping moUusk; a drone. 

Snake, n. a serpent. 

Snap, v. to break short; bite 
at; crack. 

Snap'pish, a. peevish, crabbed. 

Snare, n. a trap, wile: — vm. to 
entrap, ensnare. 

Snarl, growl, as a surly 
dog: — v.a. to entan^e: — n. 

Snatch, v. to seize hastily. 

Sneak, v.n. to creep away 
meanly, behave meanly: — 
n. one who sneaks: -ing, a. 

Sneer, v.n. to show contempt 
by look or speech: sneer, n. 

Sneeze, v. to emit air violently 
by the nose: sneeze, n. 

Snick'er, v.n. to laugh, titter. 

Sniff, V. to snuff; scent. 

Snip, v.a. to dip. 

Snipe, n. bird with a long bUl. 

Sniv'el (sniv^), v.n. to run at 

I the nose; cry, whine. 

Snob, n. a vulgar upstart: 

' snobtiery, n. : snob'bMh, a. 

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&iooze, n. a short sleep: — 
VM. to doze. j 

Snore, v.n. to breathe hoarse- 
ly in deep: snore, n. 

Snort, VM. to force air noisily 
through the nostrils. 

Snot, n. mucus from the nose. 

Snout, H. nose of a hog, &c. 

Snow (sn5), n. vapor frozen in 
white flakes: -y, a. 

Snub, v.a. to check, rebuke. 

Snuff, V. to draw air violendy 
through the nose; crop the 
snuff of: — n. pulverized to- 
bacco; charred wick. 

Snuf'fers, utensil to snuff 
candles with. 

Snuf'fle, v.n. to speak through 
the nose; sniff. 

Snug, a. lying close and warm 
snug'gle, v.n. 

Soap, n. a cleansing substance 
used to wash with: -y, a. 

Soap-stone, n. a grayish, 
greasy-feeling stone. 

Soir, VM. to fly aloft. 

Sob, V. to sigh convulsively, 
with tears: sob, n. 

Somber, a. not drunk or wild, 
caUn, grave: — v. to make or 
become sober: sobri'ety, n. 

Sob'riquef (s6b're-kaOt «• a 

Seepage, ». a holding of land 
on fixed and certam terms. 

So'clable (sd'shi-), a. compan- 
ionable, affable: -bil'ity, «. 

So'cial (-shal), a. relating to 
society, companionable. 

So'cialism (so'shal-), n. doc- 
trine of reconstructing so- 
ciety on the principle of 
association instead of com- 
petition: so'cialist, n. 

Soci'ety, n. a number of per- 
sons associated for a com- 
mon interest; company. 

Sociol'ogy, n. the science of 
human society: sociolog'- 
ical, a.: sociorogist, n. 

Sock^et, n. a hollow into 
which something is inserted. 

So'da, n. carbonate of sodium. 

Sodal'ity, n. a fellowship. 

So'da-wa'ter, n. effervescent 
water containing soda or 
charged with carbonic acid. 

Sod'den, a. boiled; soggy; 

So'dium, n. silver-white metal. 

So'fa, n. a long stuffed seat. 

Soft, a. not hard, tender, gen- 
tle: soft'en (sofn), v. 

Sog'gy, a. soaked, damp and 

Soil, v.a. to foul: — n. ground. 

Soir^ (swa-ra'), n. evening 

So'joum (-jum), v.n. to dwell 
for a time: — n. a temporary 

Sol'ace, v.a. to console, com- 
fort: — n. consolation. 

Scalar, a. of the sun. 

Sol'der, v. a. to unite with me- 
tallic cement: — n. a metallic 

Sordier (s^'jgr), n. one in 
military service: -ly, a. 

Sole, n. bottom of the foot or 
shoe; flat bottom-piece: — 
v.a. to put a sole on: — a. 
single, only. 

Sol'ecism, n. incorrectness in 
language: sol'ecist, n. 

Solemn (soPem), a. religious- 
ly grave, serious: solem'- 
nity, n. 

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Solemnize, v.a. to perform 
religiously: -niza'tion, n. 

Solicit, v.a. to ask earnestly 
for, seek to obtain: solic'- 
itant, n.: solicita'tion, n. 

Solic'itor, ». one who asks 
earnestly; a lawyer. 

Solic'itOttS, a. anxious, very 
desirous: solic'itude, n. 

Solid, a. not fluid, firm: — n. a 
firm, compact body. 

Solidar'ity, n. oneness of in- 
terest, joint interest. 

Solid'ify; v.a. to make solid. 

Solil'oquy, n. a discourse to 
one's self: solil'oquize, vm. 

Soritarv, a. living alone. 

Soritude, n. lonely state or 

Solo, «. a tune for one person. 

Sorstice, «. point in the eclip- 
tic where or time when the 
sun is farthest from the 
equator: solsti'tial, a. 

Soruble, a. that may be dis- 
solved: solubility, n. 

Solu'tion, n. a solving; expla 
nation; solid dissolved in 

Solve, V. to explain, clear up. 

Solv'ency, n. ability to pay 
all debts. 

Solv'ent, a. dissolving; able 
to pay all debts: — n. sub- 
stance that dissolves. 

Somlire (s6m'ber), a. dark, 
gloomy: somlu-ous, a. 

Some (sum), a. certain: -body, 
«.: -how, ad.: -thing, ».: 
-times, ad.: -what, ad. 

Som'ersault (sum'-), som'- 
erset, n. a leai> in which a 
person turns with his heels j 
over his head. 

Somnamlmlate, v.n. to walk 

in sleep. 
Somnamlmlism, n. act of 

walking in sleep: -ist, n. 
Somnif'erous, somnific, a. 

causing sleep. 
Somnil'oquence, n. a talking 

in sleep: somnil'oquist, n. 
So'mnolent, a. sleepy, drow- 
sy: m. som'nolence, som'- 

Son, n. a male child. 
Son'-in-law, n. the husband 

of one's daughter. 
So'nant, a. givmg sound. 
Sona'ta (s6-na'ta), n. piece of 

music in 3 or 4 movements. 
Song, ». that which is sung. 
Song'ster, n. a singer, smg- 

ing-bird: /em. song'stress. 
Sonliet, H. poem of 14 lines: 

-eer', ». 
Sono'rous, a. loud and clear 

sounding, full-sounding. 
Soon, ad. before long. 
Soot (s66t or soot), n. the black 

powdery part of smoke. 
Sooth, ». truth, reality. 
Soothe (s66th), v. a. to calm. 
Sooth'say (sooth'-), v.n. to 

foretell: -er, n. 
Sop, n. food dipped in liquid: 

— v.a. to dip m gravy, &c. 
Soph'ism, n. a specious fal- 

lacv: soph'ist, n.: ajs. so- 

phis'tic,-ical : soph'istry.n. 
Sophis'ticate, v.a. to adulter- 
ate, corrupt by mixture. 
Soph'omore, ». a student in 

college in his second year: — 

ajs. sophomor'ic, -ical. 
Soporif erous, bringing deep. 
Soporific, a. causing deep: — 

n. drug to produce sleep. 

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Sopra'no (-pra'-)» »• (Mus.) 
highest female voice or part. 

Sor'cerer, n. a magician: /0m. 

Sor'cery, n. m&pc. 

Sor'did, a. avancious, vile. 

SorCj n. a i^ace tender and 
pamful, ulcer: sore, a. 

Soror'icide, n. the murderer 
or the murder of a sister. 

Sor'rel, n. plant of an add 
taste: — a. yellowish red. 

Sor'row, «. grief, sadness: — 
v.n. to grieve: -ful, a. 

Sor'ry, a. grieved, regretful; 
poor, worthless. 

Sort, n. a kind, class. 

Sort, v.a. to assort, select. 

Sortie' (sor-teO, «• a sally. 

Sor'tilege, ». drawing of lots. 

Sou (s66), n. a French copper 
coin — twentieth of a franc. 

Soubrette', n. a pert lady's- 
maid or other lively female 
character on the stage. 

Souchong' (sdd-shong'), ». a 
kind of black tea. 

Sough (suf), v.n. to ^Hiistle as 
the wind: sough, n. 

Soul, ». immortal spirit of 
man; a human being. 

Sound, a. whole, sane, valid: 
— n. noise; a strait: — v. to 
make or cause to make 
noise; try the depth of. 

Soup (sdop). ». broth. 

Sour, a. acKl, crabbed: — v. to 
make or become sour. 

Source, ». origin, spring. 

Sour'krout, ». chopped cab- 
bage fermented. 

Souse, n. pigs' feet and ears 
pickled; a plunge: — v.a. to 
steep in pickle; plunge, dip. 

South, ». the point opposed to 
the north: south-easf, n.: 
ajs. south'erly, south'ern 
{siath'-), a,: south' ward, ad. 

South'ing (?oyrth'-), distance 
made in going southward. 

South'ron (su/*'-), south'er- 
ner, n. a native of the south. 

Souve'nir (soov'ner), «. a re- 
membrance, keepsake. 

Sov'ereign (suv'er-in), a. su- 
preme in power, superior: — 
n. a supreme ruler; English 
gold com^ — 20 shillings. 

Sow, n. a female hog. 

Sow (so), V. to scatter seed. 

Soy, n. a sauce from Japan. 

Space, ». room, extent: spa'- 
cious, a. wide, roomy. 

Spade, n. a sort of shovel. 

Span, ». a hand's breadth, 
nine inches; a pair: — v.a. to 
measiire by the hand ex- 
tended; bridge or extoid 

Span'gle, n. small piece of 
shining metal. 

Span'iel (-yel), n. kind of dog. 

Spank, v.a. to slap. 

Spank'er, n. the after-sail of a 

Spar, n. a mineral; mast, 
beam: — v.n. to box. 

^Mure, v.a. to use frugally; 
save from any use; grant: — 
a. frugal, scanty; lean; su- 
perfluous: spar'ing, a. 

Spare'-rib, «. a rib of pork 
with a little meat on. 

Spark, n. a particle of fire; a 

Spar'kle, n. a flash of light, 
spark: — v.h. to emit sparks, 

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Spar'row (spir'-). «• a bird. 
Sparse, a. thinly scattered. 
Spasm, n. a violent, unnatural 

contraction of a muscle: ajs. 

spasmod'ic, spasmod'ical. 
Spaf ter, v.a. to sprinkle. 
Spaf tila, spaf tie, n. a broad 

knife to spread plasters. 
^Mv'in, n. a tumor on a 

horse's bock: q>av'ined, a. 
Spawn, n. eggs of fishes or 

frogs: — V. to produce as 

Speak, V. to utter words, talk. 
^>ear, n. long, pointed weap- 
on: — v.a. to pierce with a 

Spear'mint, n. kind of mint. 

Spe'cial (spesh'al), a. particu- 
lar, distmctive, especial. 

Spe'cialty (spesh'al-), spe- 
cial'ity (spesh-I-aK-), n. a 
special object of attention: 
spe'cialist (spesh'al-), n. 

Spe'cie (-shI), n. coin. 

Spe'cies (-sh6z), «. kind, 
group of things nearly alike. 

Speclric, a. peculiar, precise: 
— n. an especially good 
remedy for a disease. 

Spec'ify, v.a. to mention par- 
ticularly: specifica'tion, n. 

Spec'imen, n. a sample. 

Spe'cious, a. plausitue, showy. 

^eck, n. a small spot or stain: 
— v.a. to spot. 

Speckle, v.a. to mark with 
small spots: speck'led, a. 

Spec'tacle, ». a si^ht, show: — 
pi. glasses to assist the sight: 
spectac'ular, a. 

Specta'tor, n. a looker on. 

Spec'tre (-t«r), ». a ghost, an 
apparition: spe&tnd, a. 

Spec'tnun, n. image, appear* 
ance: pi. spec'tra. 

Spec'tilate, v.n. to meditate, 
theorize; buy expecting a 
rise in value: q>ecula'tion, 
».: spec'tilative, a.: spec'- 
ulator, n. 

Spec'uhun, n. a mirror. 

Spedom^eter, i». device for 
recording the speed of a 

Speech, ». that which is spok- 
en: -less, a. unable to speak. 

Speed, V.H. to hasten: — «. 
swiftness: -y, a. 

Spell, n. a ma^ charm; turn 
of work; pcnod of sickness, 
weather, &c.: — v. to form 
words of lettM^. 

Spel'ter, n. impure zinc. 

Spend, V. to expend, give: 
-thrift, ». a prodigal. 

Sperm, ». animal seed, spawn; • 
spermaceti: spermaric, a. 

Spermace'ti, n. white fattv 
matter from a whale's head. 

Spew, v.a. to vomit. 

Sphere (sfer), n. a globe; cir- 
cuit, range, field: vher'i- 
cal, a.: spheric'ity, n. 

Sphe'roid, n. a body nearly 
round: spheroid'al, a. 

Spher'ule, ». a little sphere. 

Sphinx, n. a monster with the 
head of a woman and the 
body of a lioness. 

Spice, ». aromatic vegetable 
seasoning for food: — v. a. to 
season with spice: spi'cy, a. 

Spic'ular, a. sharp-pointed. 

Spi'der, n. animal that spins 
a web for flies; frying-pan. 

Spig'otp n. a plug to stop a 
hole m a cask, Soc. 

Digitized by VjOOgle 



Spike, H. ear of com; large 
nail: — v.a. to fasten with 

Spike'nard, n. a plant and it! 
aromatic oil. 

Spile, n. a peg for a hole. 

SpiU, V. to let fall, shed; fall. 

Spin, V. to draw out into 

Spin'ach, spin'age (-ij), n. a 

Spi'nal, a. of the spine. 

Spin'dle, n. a pin from which 
thread is spun: — v.n. to grow 
dender: ^in'dling, a. long 
and slender. 

Spine, n. backbone; a thorn. 

Spin'et, ». a stringed instru 
ment like the harpsichord. 

Spi'nous, a. thorny, spiny. 

Spin'ster, n. an unmarried 

Spi'ny, a. thorny. 

Spir'acle (spfr'- or spi'-), ». a 
pore, breathing-hole. 

Spi'ral, a. winding like a screw. 

Spire, n. a spiral curve or line; 

Spir'it, «. vital force, soul, 
ardor; a ghost; rum, brandy, 
&c.: — v.a. to animate; carry 
off swiftly: -ed, a.: -less, a. 

Spir'itual, a. relating to the 
spirit or soul: holy: -ize, 
v.a.: spiritual'ity, n. 

Spiritualism, n. the belief 
that the spirits of deceased 
persons commune with mor- 
tals: spir'itualist, n. 

Spir'ituous, a. pertaining to 
distilled spirits. 

Spis'situde, n. denseness. 

Spit, n. saliva; a utensil for 
roasting meat: q>it, v. 

Spite, ft. ill-will, malice: — v.a. 
to vex: -ful, a. 

Spif tie, n. saliva. 

Spittoon^ n. vessel to spit in. 

Splash, v.a. to spatter with 
water, &c.: -y, a. 

Splay, a. spread or turned out- 
ward: splay'-footed, a. 

Spleen, n. spongy gland above 
the kidneys; m-humor. 

Splendent, a. bright. 

Splen'did, a. briUiant, mag- 
nificent: splen'dor, n. 

Splen'etic, a. peevish. 

Splice, v.a. to join ends of 
rope: — n. joint made by 

Splint, n. a thin piece of wood 
for setting broken limbs. 

Splin'ter, n. a thin piece of 
wood split off: — v. to sjdit 
into splmters: -y, a. 

Split, V. to cleave. 

Spoil, V. to plunder; ruin, de- 
cay: — n. pillage. 

Spoke, n. a round of a wheel. 

Spokes'man, n. one that 
speaks for another. 

Spoliate, v.a. to plunder: 
spolia'tion, n. 

Spon'dee, n. a poetic foot of 
two long syllables: sponda'- 
ic, a. 

Sponge (spunj), n. a soft, por- 
ous substance: — v.a. to wipe, 
as with a sponge; gain by 
mean arts: spon'gy, a. 

Spon'sion, n. a becoming 

Spon'sor, n. a surety; god- 
father: sponso'rial, a. 

Sponta'neous, a. produced of 
itself, voluntary, not com- 
pelled: spontaneity, n. 

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Spool, If. reel for thread, &c. 

^>oon, n. utensil for supping 
liquids: -ful, n. | 

Sporad'ic, a. scattered, not 
epidemic. i 

Sport, n. diversion, athletic j 
pasdme. — v. to play, make, 
merry: spor'tive, a. 

Sports'man, ». one fond of 
hunting, &c.: pi. -men. | 

Spot, n. a blot, taint; a small | 
place: — v. to stain, blemish. I 

Spouse (spowz), n. a husband 
or a wife: spous'al, a. 

Spout, n. a pipe or projecting 
mouth-piece to discharge 
liquids: — v. to pour as from 
a spout. 

Sprain, v.a. to overstrain liga- 
ments: sprain, n. 

Sprat, n. a small fish. 

Sprawl, v.n. to lie with the 
limbs spread ungracefully. 

Spray, n. fine drops of liquid; 
a little branch. 

Spread, v. to diffuse, extend: 
— n. expansion. 

Spree, ». carousal, frolic. 

Sprig, n. a little branch, spray. 

Spri^fly (sprit'-), a. lively, 
bmk: spriffht^mess, n. 

Spring, V. to bound, move by 
elastic force, issue; explode 
as a mine: — n. a leap; elastic 
contrivance; elasticity; wa- 
ter issuing from the ground, 
fountain; the vernal season 

fringe, n. a snare: — v.a. to' 
catch in a springe. 

Spring'halt, n. a lameness in| 
which a horse twitches up. 
his leg. 

I^iring'tide, n. high tide after 
new moon and mil moon. 

Spring'y, a. elastic. 

Sprinlde, v. to scatter in 
small drops. 

Sprite, n. a spirit, fairy. 

Sprout, ». a germ or young 
shoot: — v.n. to shoot. 

Spruce, a. smart, trim, neat: 

I — V. to dress smartly: — ». an 
evergreen tree. 

Spry, a. nimble, active. 

Spume, «. & v.n. foam, froth: 
ajs. spu'niouB, spu'my. 

Spur, n. sharp points worn on 
the heel by horsemen as a 
goad: — V. to urge on, as by 

Spu'rious, a. false. 

Spurn, V. to reject with scorn. 

Spurt, V. to eject or gush vio- 
lently: — n. a violent gush. 

Spuf ter, V. to throw out spit- 
tle as in hasty speaking. 

Spy, V. to see, discover: — n. 
one who secretly watches 

Sp3r'-glas8, n. small telescope. 

Squab (skwob), a. thick and 
stout: — n. a young pigeon. 

Squab1>le (skwob'l). v.n. to 
scuffle: — n. a brawl. 

Squad, n. a small company. 

Squad'ron, n. a small body of 
cavalry; a small fleet. 

Squal'id (skwol'-), a. filthy. 

Squall, v.n. to scream violent- 
ly: — n. a violent scream; vio- 
lent gust: squariy, a. 

'Squalor, n. filthiness. 

jSquan'der (skwon'-), v.a. to 
spend wastefully. 

Square, a. having equal sides 
and 4 right an«es; honest. 

Squash, n. a garden vegetaUe: 

' — VM. to crush into pulp. 

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Squat (skwot), v. a. to sit on 
the hams or heels. 

Squaw, n. an Indian woman. 

Squeak, v.n. to make a shrill 
noise: squeak, n. 

Squeal, v.n. to cry shrilly as a 
pig: squeal, ». 

Squeam'^ish, a. over-nice. 

Squeeze, v. to press close. 

Squib, ». little firework; lam 

Squill, n. plant allied to the 

Squint, v.n. to look obliquely: 
squinf-eyed, a. 

Squire, ». attendant, escort; 
landed proprietor; tide of 
respect: — v.a. to attend. 

Squirm, v.n. to writhe about. 

Squir'rel (skwur'rel), «. a 
nimble little animal. 

Squirt, vm. to throw out in a 
stream: squirt, n. 

Stan>le, a. that stands firm, 
steady: stabil'ity, n. 

Stan>le, n. house for horses, 

Stack, H. a large pile of hay, 
&c.: — VM. to pile up m 

Staff, «. a stick, prop, pole; 
the 5 lines and spaces of 
written music; stanza; set 
of officers. 

Stag, n. a male deer. 

Stage, H. raised platform; the- 
atre; stopping-place; coach. 

Stag^ger, v. to reel, totter: — 
n.pT. brain disease in horses. 

Stag^nate, v.n. to stand mo- 
tionless, as water, and be- 
come impure: stag^nant, a.: 
Hs. stagMuuicy, -na'tion 

Stai4t a. sober, steady. 

Stain, V. tarnish, spot. 

Stair, n. step for ascending, &c. 

Stair'case, n. a flight of stairs. 

Stake, n. a strong, pointed 
stick; what is plalged in a 
bet: — v.a. to mark with 
stakes^ wager, bet. 

Stalac'tite, n. carbonate of 
lime hanging like an icicle. 

Stalag'mite, i». a cone of car- 
bonate of lime formed on 
the floor of a cavern. 

Stale, a, tasteless, flat, not 

Stalk (stawk), n. stem. 

Stall, n. a division of a stable; 

Stallion (stal'yxm), n. horse 
not castrated. 

Stal'wart (stawl'-), a. strong, 

Sta'men, n. the fertilizing or- 
gan of a flower. 

Stam'ina, ». power of endur- 

Stam'mer, v.h. to stutter. 

Stamp, V. to strike with the 
foot: impress with some 
mark: — n.^ instrument to 
make an impression; what 
is stamped. 

Stampede' (-p6d0, «• sudden 
fl%ht through fright. 

Stanch (stanch), v,a. to stop 
the flowing of, as Uood: — a. 
sound, trusty. 

Stanch'ion (-un), i». a prop. 

Stand, v.n. to be upon the feet; 
stop: — VM. to endure: — n. 
a station, halt; small table. 

Stand'ard, n. flag or banner; 
rule or model, test. 

Stand'ish, n. a stand for pen 
and ink. 

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Stan'nary, n. a tin-mine. 

Stan'za, ». a set of lines of a 

Sta'ple, H. chief product; fibre; 
loop of iron: — a. regularly 
produced for market. 

Star, n. heavenljr bodjj. 

Starl>oard, n. right side of a 
ship to one looung forward. 

Staroi, n. a sutetance to 
stiffen cloth: — vm. to stiffen 
with starch. 

Stare, v.n. to look fixedly: — 
a fixed look. 

Stark, a. stiff, sheer: — ad. 

Startling, n. a small bird. 

Star'ry, a. full of or like stars. 

Start, V. to move suddenly; 
set out or set on foot: — n. 
sudden motion, beginning. 

Star'tle, vm. to shock. 

Starye, v. to die or kill with 
hunger ra* cold: starva'tion. 

Starveling, a. half starved: — 
n. one half starved. 

State, i». conditicm; rank, 
pomp; body politic, repub- 
lic, &c.: — VM. to relate, tell; 
settle: -ment, ». 

Stately, a. grand, lofty. 

State'room, ». a deeping- 
room in a vessd, car, &c. 

States'man, n. one skilled in 
the government of a state. 

Stafics, ». branch of mechan- 
ics which treats of bodies at 
rest: — ajs. stafic, statical. 

Sta'tion, n. i^ace of stopping; 
position; post assigned; of-' 
nee: -ary, a. standing still. 

Sta'tioner, n. dealer in paper. | 
pens, &c.: -y» n. a stationer's 

Statis'tics, n. facts as to popu- 
lation, trade, &c.: ajs. sta- 
tis'tic, statis'tical. 

Stafuary, n. art of carving; 
collection of statues. 

Staf tie, n. a carved image. 

Statuesque' (-eskO, a. statue- 

Statuette', n. a small statue. 

Stafure, ». height of body. 

Sta'tus, n. standing, condition. 

Staf ute, ». a law made by a 
legislature: stafutory, a. 

Stave, v.a. to break; push 
away: — n. one of the pieces 
of which a cask is made; a 

Stay, V. to prop; remain, wait, 
stop: — ». stop; prop: pi. 

Stead fsted), n. room, place. 

Stead'rast, a. firm, constant. 

Stead'y, a. firm, regular. 

Steak (stak), ». a slice of meat 
for broiling. 

Steal, V. to take by theft; pass 

Stealth (stelth), n. a secret act 
or manner: -y, a. 

Steam, n. vapor, esp. of boil- 
ing water: — v. to emit 
steam; move by steam; ex- 
pose to steam: ns. steam'- 
boat, steam'er, steam'- 

Steam-en'gine (-jIn), n. an 
engine worked by steam. 

Ste'atite, n. soapstone. 

'Steed, ». a war-horse, charger. 

jSteel, ». iron refined and har- 
dened: — v.a. to edge with 

I steel; harden. 

Steel'yard, n. balance for 

I weighing. 

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Steep, a. precipitous: — n. a 
steep place: — v.a. to soak. 

Stee'ple, n. a church spire. 

Stee'ple-chase, ». a horse- 
race across country or over 

Steer, n. a young ox:— v. to di- 
rect, guide. 

Steer'age, n. steering; space 
between forecastle and cabin. 

Steriar, a. starry. 

Steriular, a. star-like. 

Stem, If. a stalk; ship's prow: 
— v.a. to make headway 

Stench, ». bad smell. 

Sten'cil, n. a thin sheet with 
letters, &c., cut out for mark- 
ing thix)ugh. 

Stenog'rapfiy, ». short-hand 
writing: stenog'rapher, ». 
stenographic, a. 

Stento'rian, a. loud-voiced, 
as Stentor, a Greek herald. 

Step, n. a pace: — v.n. to walk. 

Step'-father, n. a mother's 
husband after one's father's 

Steppe (st6p), ». a vast desert 
plain in Asia. 

Step '-son, n. son of one's wife 
or husband by another per 

Stereog'raph^ (st6r-), «. art 
of delineatmg solids on a 
plane: stereograph'ic, a. 

Ster'eoscope, n. an optical 
instrument to give pictures 
an appearance of soUdity 
and reality: -sceptic, a. 

Ster'eotsrpe, ». a metallic 
plate for printing cast from 
an impression of type: 8t«'- 
eot3rpe, v.a. 

Ster'ile (ster^), a. unfruitful, 
barren; stenl'ity, n. 

Ster'ling, a. genuine, pure, 

Stem, a. severe in look, harsh: 
— n. hind part of a ship, &c. 

Stemu'tatory, a. that causes 
sneezing: sternuta'tion, ». 

Ster'torous, a. snoring deeply. 

Steth'oscope, ». an instru- 
ment to examine the lungs. 

Ste'vedore, n. stower of cargo. 

Stew'ard, ». a manager of an- 
other's estate, household, 
&c.; employee on shipboard: 
/em. stew'ardess. 

Stick, n. small piece of wood: 
— V. to adhere; stab: -y, a. 

Stickle, v.n. to contend obsti- 
nately: stickler, n. 

Stiff, a. not easily bent: stil'- 
fen, V. 

Stiff'-necked, a. stubborn. 

Sti'fle, v.a. to suffocate. 

Stig'ma, n. mark of disgrace; 
top of a pistil: -tize, v.a. 

Stile, n. steps for climbing 
over a wall, &c. 

StUefto, ». small dagger. 

Still, a. silent, motiom^: — n. 
apparatus for distilling. 

Stilts, poles with rests 
for the feet, used for walking 
in a raised position. 

Stim'ulate, v.a. to excite, 
spur: stim'ulant, a. & ».: 
stimula'tion, ».: stim'u- 
lative, a. & ». 

Stim'ulus, n. that which stim- 
ulates: pi. stim'uli. 

Stin'gy, a. niggardly, mean. 

Stink, v.n. to emit an offen- 
sive smell: — n. an offensive 

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Stint, v.a. to limit: — n. a limit, 

fixed amount, task. 
Sti'pend, n. a settled pay: sti- 

pen'diary, a. & n. 
Stip'ple, V. to engrave by dots. 
Stip'ulate, v.n, to bargain, 

settle terms: stipula'tion, ». 
Stir, V. to move: — n. a moving, 

tumult, bustle. 
Stir'rup (stfr'nip or stur'nip), 

n. an iron for a horseman's 

Stitch, V. to sew: — n. a pass of 

a needle and thread. 
Stith'y, n. a smith's shop. 
Stive, VM. to stuff close. 
Sti'ver, n. Dutch coin worth 

about 3 cents. 
Stoat, ». a kind of weasel. 
Stock, n. a stem; post; han- 
dle; cravat; lineage; cattle; 

fund, store: — v.a. to Store, 

fill sufficiently. 
Stockade', ». an enclosure of 

pointed stakes. 
Stock'fish, n, fish dried hard. 
Stock'ing, n. a covering for 

the foot, ankle, &c. 
Stocks, frame in which 

the legs of criminals were 

Stock'y, a. short and thick. 
Sto'ic, n. one indifferent to 

pleasure or pain: ajs. sto'ic, 

sto'ical: sto'icisin, n. 
Stoke, v.a. to tend a fire: 

sto'ker, n. 
Stole, n. a long robe; priest's 

long narrow scarf. 
Storid, a. dull, stupid, block- 
ish: stolid'ity, n. 
Stom'ach (stum'ak), ». organ 

in which food is digested; 

appetite: — vji. to endure. 

Stomach'ic, n. a medicine to 

give tone to the stomach. 
Stone, ». a mineral; weight of 
14 lbs.; a nut: — v. to pelt or 
wall with stones: ston'y, a. 
Stool (st5dl), n. a seat. 

Stoop, V.H. to bend forward: 
— n. act of stoofttng; a porch. 

Stop, V. to close up; cease or 
cause to cease: — n. a pause: 
stop'page, n. 

Stop'per, stop'ple, n. some- 
thing to stop Uie mouth of a 

Stor'age (stor'-), i». act of or 
payment for storing. 

Sto'rax, ». a fragrant resin. 

Store, n. a large quantity; 
storehouse: — vui. to lay up. 

Sto'ried, a. having stories. 

Stork, n. a large bird. 

Storm, n. a tempest; assault: 
— V. to rain, snow, &c.; as- 
sault: -y, a. 

Sto'ry, n. a narrative; floor of 
a building. 

Stout, a. strong, corpulent. 

Stove, ». apparatus in which 
a fire is made. 

Stow (st5), v.a. to put in com- 
pactly, pack: -age, n, 

Strabis'mus, n. a squinting. 

Strad'dle, v. to part the legs 
wide; sit astride of. 

Strag'ffle, v. to wander, strav. 

Strals^t (strat), a. not crook- 
ed, direct, right, nearest: 
straighfen (strat'n), v.a. 

Straightaway, ad. at once. 

Strain, v.a. to stretch tight; 
exert hard; sprain; filter: — 
n. a sprain; song; manner. 

Strait, a. narrow, dose: — n. a 
narrow pass; (" 

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Straif -jacket, n. a garment 
to restrain a lunatic. 

Straif laced, a. rigid in opin- 

Strake, n. tire of a wheel. 

Strand, n. beach, shore; 
thread, one of the parts 
twisted into a rope: — v. to 
run or drift abound. 

Strange, a. foreign, unknown, 
uncooimon, odd. 

Stran'ger, n. one unknown. 

Stran'gle, v.a. to choke: 
strangula'tion, n. 

Stran'f:ury, n. a difficulty in 
voiding urine. 

Straf agem, n. an artifice. 

Strategy, n. science of mili- 
tary operations: ajs. stra- 
teg'ic (tej'-), strateg'ical: 
strategist, n. 

Strafify, v.a. to range in lay- 
ers: stratifica'tioii, ». 

Stra'tum, n. a layer of earth, 
rock, &c., bed: pi. stra'ta. 

Straw, n. stalk of grain. 

Strawl>eiTy, ». a plant and 
its delicious fruit. 

Stray, v.n. to wander, rove. 

Streak, n. & v.a. stripe: -y, a. 

Stream, n. a running water: — 
v.n. to flow: -er, n. a long, 
narrow flag: -let, n. 

Street, n. a road in a city, &c. 

Strength, n. quality of being 
strong, power: -en, v. 

Stren'uous, a. active, vigor- 
ous, urgent, eager. 

Stress, n. importance, force. 

Stretch, v. to extend. 

Stretchier, n. a litter. 

Strew (str66), vm. to scatter. 

Stri'ate, stri'ated, a. grooved; 
striped, streaked. 

Strick'en, a. afflicted. 

Strict, a. exact, rigorous. 

Strict'ure, n. a closing by caa- 
traction; censure. 

Stride, n. a long; step: — v.n. to 
walk with strides. 

'strife, n. contention, contest. 

Strike, v. to give a blow to, 
hit; lower, as a fla^; affect 
strongly; quit work m order 
to secure higher wages. 

Strin'gent, a. binding, ur- 
gent: strin'gency, n. 

String'y, a. filHtnis, ropy. 

Strip, v.a. to make baxe: — n. 
a long, narrow piece. 

Stripe, n. a line, streak, blow 
from a lash: — v.a. to streak. 

Stripling, n. a youth, lad. 

Strive, v.n. to make efforts, 
struggle, aim. 

Stroke, n. a blow, dash in 
writing; masteriy effort: — 
v.a. to rub gently. 

Stroll, n. & v.n. ramble. 

Strong, a. vigorous, powerful. 

Strongliold, n. fortress. 

Strop, n. a strap to sharpen 

Stro'phe, n. a stanza. 

Strucfure, n. construction; a 
building: structural, a. 

Strug'gle, v.n. to strive vio- 
lentiy: — n. violent effort, 

Stru'ma, n. enlarged g^d: 
stru'mous, a. 

Strum'pet, n. a whore. 

Strut, v.n. to walk with af- 
fected dignity. 

Strych'nine (strik'nln), n. a 
very poisonous alkaloid. 

Stub, n. a short stock. 

Stublted, a. short and thick. 

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Stttbnble, n. stumps of stalks 
left by the reaper. 

Stub11>om, a. obstinate. 

Stub'by, a. stubbed. 

Stuc'co, n. a plaster for deco- 
rations, &c.; work done in 
stucco: — v.a. to plaster with 

Stud, n. a post or prop; orna- 
mental knob or button; set 
of breeding horses and 

Stu'dent, n. one who studies. 

Stud'-horse, n. a stallion. 

Stud'ied, a. planned. 

Stu'dio, ». artist's workshop. 

Stu'dious, a. devoted to study, 

Stud'v, n. application to books 
and science; a room for 
study: — v. to examine so as 
to learn. 

Stuff, VM. to fill by crowding: 
— ». material, cloth; trash. 

Stul'tify, V. to make a fool of. 

Stum1>le, V. to trip in walking. 

Stump, n. stub of a tree, &c. 

Stun, v.a. to stupefy, as by a 

Stunt, v.a. to hinder from 

Stu'pefy, v.a. to make stupid 
or insensible: stupefac'- 
tion, n.: stupefac'tive, a. 

StiH>enMou8, a. wonderful, 

Stu'pid, a. dull, senseless, ob- 
tuse: stupid'ity, n. 

Stu'por, H. insensibility. 

Stur'dy, a. hardy, strong. 

Stur'geon, n. a large fish. 

Stufter, v.n. to stammer. 

Sty, n. a hog-pen: inflamed 
sore on the eyelia. 

Styg'ian (stij'-), a. infernal. 

Sty'lar, a. relating to the style 
of a dial. 

Style, n. manner of expressing 
thought; mode; tide; grav- 
er's tool; pin of a disd; part 
of the pistil: — v. a. to name, 

Styrish, a. fashionaUe. 

Sty'mie (sti'ml), n. the posi- 
tion of a golf-ball that lies 
between an opponent's ball 
and the hole: sty'mie, v. 

Styp'tic, a. a^ringent. 

Sua'sion (swa'zhun), n. act of 
persuading: ajs. moi'sory, 

Suave (swav), a. sweet, agree- 
able: suavity, n. 

Subacid, a. somewhat acid. 

Subol'tem (-awl'-), a. & n. 

Suba'queous, a. imder water. 

Subas'tral, a. beneath the 

Subdivide', vm. to divide what 
has been already divided: 
Sttbdivi'sion (-vizh'un), n. 

Subducf , v.a. to take away. 

Subdue', v.a. to conquer, bring 
under: subdu'al, n. 

Sub^'cent, a. lying under. 

Subjecf , v.a. to bnng under, 
enslave; cause to undergo: 
subjec'tion, n. 

Sub'ject, a. placed under; li- 
able: — n. one under the 
power of another; topic. 

SuDJec'ticm, n. state of a sub- 

Subjec'tive, a. pertaining to 
one's consciousness. 

Subjoin', V. to add, append. 

Sub'jugate, v.a. to conquer: 
subjttga'tion, n. 

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Subjunc'tion, n. a subjoining. 

Subjunc'tive, a. subjoined; 
expressing condition or con- 

Sublet^ v.a. to let, as a ten- 
ant may. 

Sub'limate, v.a. to raise into 
vapor by heat and condense; 
exalt: sublimate, ».: sub- 
lima'tioii, n. 

Sublime% a. lofty, grand: sub- 
limity, n. 

Sublime', v.a. to sublimate. 

Sublu'nar, sublunary, 

Submarine' (-renO. a- under 
the sea: — n. boat navigating 
under the sea. 

Submerge', submerse', v. a 
to put under water: sub- 
mer'sion, n. 

Submif , V. to yield, surren 
der: submis'sion, ».: sub- 
mis'sive, a. 

Subor'dinate, a. inferior in 
rank: — n. one inferior: — 
v.a. to place in a lower or- 
der: subordina'tion, ». 

Suborn', v.a. to cause to com- 
mit perjury: -a'tion, n. 

Subpce'na, «. a writ com- 
manding the attendance of 
a witness: — v.a. to sunmion 
by a subpoena. 

Sutecribe', v. to sign one's 
name to, promise to contrib- 
ute, pay, &c. 

Subscrip'tion, n. a subscrib- 
ing; the sum subscribed. 

Sub'sequent, a. following. 

Subserve', vm. to promote. 

Subser'yient, a. serving to 
promote; submissive: — ns. 
subser'vience, -ency. 

Subside', v.h. to settie down: 
subsid'ence, n. 

Subsid'iary, a. that helps. 

Sub'sidy, n. peciuiiary aid 
granted by a government: 
sub'sidize, v.a. 

Subsisf , V. to exist, live; feed: 
-ence, ».: -ent, a. 

Sub'soil, n. soil under the sur- 

Sub'stance, n. essential part, 
something real, body; estate: 
substan'tial (shal), a. 

Substan'tiate (-shi-at), v.a. 
to prove. 

Sub'stantive, n. a noun. 

Sub'stitute, v.a. to put in the 
place of another: substi- 
tute, ».: substitu'tion, n. 

Substra'tum, n. underlying 
stratum or substance. 

Substrucfure, n. an under 

Subtend', v. to extend under. 

Subtense', n. chord of an arc. 

Sub'terfuge, ». evasion, shift. 

Subterra'nean, a. under- 

Sub'tile (-til), a. fine; thin or 
rare; shrewd: sub'tilty, n. 

Sub'tilize, v.a. to make less 
gross, refine: -iza'tion, n. 

Sub'tle (suti), fl. artful, wily; 
acute: sub'tlety (sutl-ti), n. 

Subtracf, v.a. to take away, 
deduct: subtrac'tion, «. 

Sub'trahend, ». the number 
to be subtracted. 

Sub'urb, n. outskirts of a city: 
suburb'an, a. 

Subverf, v.a. to overthrow: 
subver'sive, a.: subver'- 
sion, n. 

Succeda'neum, ». substitute. 

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Succeed'* v. to come after; 
take the place of; prosper: 
succes'sion, n.: succes'- 
sive, a.: succes'sor, n. 

Succes8^ n. prosperous result. 

Succincf , a. brief, concise. 

Suc'cor, n. & v.n. help, aid. 

Suc'cotash, ». nuxture of 
green com and beans stewed. 

Suc'culent, a. full of juice, 
juicy: suc'culence, n. 

Snccamh\ v.h. to yield; die. 

Such, a. of a like kind. 

Suck, V. to draw with the 
mouth: -er, n. a shoot; fish. 

Suckle, v.a. to nurse at the 

Suck'ling, n. a sucking child. 

Suc'tion, n. act of sucking. 

Su'datory, a. sweating. 

Sud'den, a. without notice, 
hasty: sud'denness, n. 

Sudorif'ic, a. causing sweat. 

Suds, soapy water. 

Sue, V. to prosecute; entreat. 

Su'et, ». fat about the kidneys. 

Suf'fer, v.a. to endure; per- 
mit: — v.n. to endure pain: 
sufferable, a.: suffer- 
ance, n.: sufferer, n. 

Suffice' (-fIzO, V. to be enough; 
satisfy: sum'cient, a. 

Suffix, n. a letter or syllable 
annexed: — v.a. to annex. 

Suffocate, v.a. to stifle, choke 
as with smoke: -a'tion, «. 

Suffragan, n. an assistant 

Suffrage, ». a vote. 

Su£Eragette' (-jetO, n. a fe- 
male agitator for woman'' 

Suffragist, n. one who has 
or favors the right of voting. 

Suffuse' (-fuz'), v.a. to spread 
over: suffu'sion, n. 

Sug'ar (shddg'ar), n. a sweet 
substance: — v.a. to sweeten 
with sugar: su^ar:^, a. 

Suggesf , V. to hmt, intimate: 
-ive, a.: sugges'tion, n. 

Su'icide, n. self-murder; a 
self-murderer: su'icidal, a. 

Suit, n. a prosecution, process 
at law; petition; set; court- 
ship: — V. to fit; become; 
please: -able, a.: -or, n. 

Suite (swet), n. a train of at- 
tendants; set of rooms, &c. 

Sul'cate, sul'cated, a. fur- 
rowed, grooved. 

Sulk'y, a. silently sullen: — «. 
a carriage for one person. 

Sul'len, a. gloomily angry. 

Sully, v.a. to soil, tarnish. 

Sul'phate, , n. a substance 
formed of sulphuric acid 
and a base. 

Sul'phur, n. brimstone: ajs. 
sulphu'reous, sul'phurous, 
sul'phury, sukihu'ric. 

Sul'tan, «. the Turkish em- 
peror: /em. Sulta'na. 

Sul'try, a. sweltering; hot and 
close or damp. 

Sum, n. chief point, amount: 
— v.a. to add. 

Su'mach (shdo'mak), n. a 
shrub used in medicine, in 
dyeing, &c. 

Sum'mary, a. short, com- 
pendious: — n. abridgment. 

Summa'tion, n. a sunmiing 
up: the sum total. 

Sum'mer, n. the warmest sea- 
son of the year. 

Sum'merset, n. Sec Som- 

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Sum'mit, n. the top. 

Sum'mon, v.a. to call with 

Sum'mons, n. a call of au- 

Sump^ter, n. a pack-horse. 

Sumptuary, a. regulating ex 

Sumpf uous, a. costly, rich. 

Sun, n. the orb of day: — v.a 
to expose to the sun: sun'- 
beam, ».: sun'btimt, a. 

Sun'day, n. ist day of week. 

Sun'der, v.a. to separate. 

Sun'dries, various things. 

Sun'dry, a. various; several. 

Sun'ny, a. wanned by the 
sun's rays, bright. 

Sun'stroke, n. a disease pro- 
duced by the rays of the sun. 

Sup, V. to eat supper; sip: — n. 
a sip. 

Superabound', v.n . to abound 
exceedingly: superabun'- 
dant, a.: -Dun 'dance, n. 

Superadd', vm. to add over 
and above. 

Superan'nuate, v. a. to impair 
by old age: -a'tion, n. 

Superb', a. grand, stately. 

SupercflLT'go, n. person in 
charge of a cargo on a mer- 

Supercil'ious, a. haughty. 

Superem'lnent, a. very emi- 

Supereroga'tion, n. the do- 
mg of more than duty re- 
quires: superer'ogatory, a. 

Superfi'cial (-fish'al), a. being 
on the suriace, shallow. 

Superfi'cies (-fish1-ez), n. 

Su'perfine, a. eminently fine. 

Super'fluotis» a. more than 
enough: superflu'ity, n. 

Superhu'man, a. above what 
is human. 

Superincum'bent, a. lying on. 

Superinduce', v. to superadd. 

Superintend', v.a. to oversee: 
-ence, «.: -ent, «. 

Supe'rior, a. higher in rank or 
excellence, &c.: — n. one who 
is superior: superior'ity, n. 

Stwerlative, a. of the highest 

Si;^)er'nal, a. heavenly. 

Supemaf ural, a. above nat- 
ure, miraculous. 

Supemu'merary, a. above 
the required number. 

Superpose', v.a. to pdace over 
or upon: superposi'tion, n. 

Superscribe', v.a. to write 
over or upon: -scr^'tion, n. 

Supersede', v.a. to set aside, 
supplant, displace. 

Supersti'tion (-stish'un), n. 
absurd fear in spiritual mat- 
ters: supersti'tious, a. 

Superstrucf ure, » . that which 
IS built on a foundation. 

Supervene', v.n. to take place, 
occur: superven'tion, n. 

Supervise', v. a. to oversee, su- 
perintend: — ns. supervi'sal, 
-vi'sion: supervi'sor, n. 

Supine', a. lying on the back; 
indolent, inert. 

Su'pine, n. a verbal noun. 

Supplanf , v.a. to displace by 

Sup'ple, a. pliant, lithe. 

Sup'plement, n. an addition, 
appendix: — v.a. to supply 
or fill up: — ajs. supplemen'- 
tal, supplemen'tary. 

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Sup'plicate, v. to entreat or 
pray earnestly: sup'pliant, 
a. & nr. sup'plicant, ».: 
lupplica'tion, n. 

Supplsr', v.a. to fill up, furnish: 
— n. that which supplies. 

Support^* v.a. to b«ir up, 
faivor, maintain: — n. a iMt)p, 
maintenance: -able, a. 

Supp08e% v.a. to assume with 
out proof, imagine: soppo- 
si'tion» n.: suppos'able, a. 

Suppositi'tious (-tish'us), a. 
not genuine, spurious. 

Supprest', v.a. to crush, con- 
ceal: suppres'sion, n. 

Sup'purate, v. to generate 
pus: suppura'tion, n. 

Supramun'dane, a. above the 

Suprem'acy, n. highest au 

Supreme', a. highest, great 
est. most excellent. 

Surcnarse^ v.a. to overioad. 

Sur^cini^e, n. a girth to bind a 
saddle, &c. 

Surd, n. the indicated root of a 
number not a perfect power, 

Sure (shoor), a. certain, con- 
fident, secure. 

Sure'ty (shoor'-), «. certainty; 
security; bondsman: -ship. 

Surf, n. swell of waves break 
ing on the shore: -y, a. 

Sur'iace, n. the outside. 

Sur'feit (-fit), v. to feed to ex 
cess: — n. excess in eating. 

Surge, n. a swelling wave: — 
v.n. to rise high, swell. 

Sur'geon (-jun), n. one who 
treats diseases by manual 
operations: sur'gery, n.: 
sur'gical, a. 

Sur'loin, n. loin of be^. 

Sur'ly, a. churlish, morose. 

Surmise', vm. to suspect, con- 
jecture: — ». conjecture. 

Surmounf , v.a. to overcome. 

Sur'name, ». the family name. 

Surname', vm. to call by a 

Surpass', v. a. to excel, exceed. 

Sur'plice (-pUs), n. a clergy- 
man's robe. 

Sur'plus, n. excess above what 
is reciuired: -age, n. 

Surprise', v.a. to come upon 
unawares; astonish: sur- 
prise', n. 

Surrejoin'der, n. an answer 
to a reioinder. 

Surren'der, v. to deliver up; 
yield: surren'der, n. 

Surrepti'tious (-tish'us), a. 
done by stealth or by hand, 

Sur'rogate, n. a substitute, 
deputy; judge of probate. 

Surround', v.a. to encircle or 
enclose on all sides. 

Surtouf (tSCf), n. a close- 
bodied frock-coat. 

Surveillance (so6r-val'yans), 
n. a watching, oversight. 

Survey' (-va'), v.a. to view; 
measure, as land: sur'vey, 
».: -or, n. 

Survive', v. to outlive; live: 
survi'val, «.: survi'vor, n. 

Suscep'tible, a. capable of 
adniitting impressions, im- 
pressible: susceptibil'ity, n. 

Suspecf, v.a. to mistrust, 
imagine to be guilty. 

Suspend', v. a. to hang; delay, 
stop: suspen'sion, ».: sus- 

' pen'sory, a. 

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Suspense', n. uncertainty. 

Suspi'cion, n. a suspecting, 
mistrust: suspi'cious, a. 

Suspire', v.a. to sigh, breathe 
audibly: suspira'tion, n. 

Sustain', v.a. to hold up, bear, 

Sus'tenance, n. food. 

Suf ler, n. a seller of victuals, 
&c., in a camp. 

Suttee', n. voluntary burning 
of Ifindoo widows on the 
funeral pile of their hus- 
bands: -ism, n. 

Sufure (sut'yur), n. a sewing 
up of wounds, &c.; a seam- 
like junction. 

Swab (swob), n. a sort of mop. 

Swad'dle, v.a. to swathe. 

Swaff'ger, v.n. to walk as a 
buBy; bully: swag'ger, n. 

Swain, n. a country youth or 

Swale, n. low, wet land. 

Swal'low, «. a small bird; the 
throat: — v.a. to take down 
the throat. | 

Swamp (swomp), n. wet and 
spongy land, marsh: -y, a.\ 

Swan (swon), n. a water-fowl.. 

Swap (swop), V. to exchange. 

Sward, n. green turf. 

Swarm, n. a cluster of bees,' 
&c., throng: — v.n. to collect 
in a swarm, as bees. j 

Swarth'y, a. dark of hue. 

Swas'tika (swas'-), n. a kind: 
of cross with arm-tips bent 
at right angles, used as a 
symbol of good luck. 

Swath (swoth), n. a line of 
grass, &c., cut by the scythe. 

Swathe (swa/A), v. a. to bind 
with a bandage. 

Sway, V. to swing; rule: — n. 

rule, power. 
Swear, v.n. to declare upon 

oath; utter profane language: 

— v.a. to bmd by an oath. 
Sweat (swet), n. perspiration: 

— v.n. to perspire: -y, a. 
Sweep, V. to brush with a 

broom; pass over swiftly: 

sweep, n. 
Sweep'stakes, n. winner of 

all the stakes; sum of the 

Sweet, a. tasting like sugar, 

not sour, fragrant, fresh, 

agreeable: sweet'en, v. 
Sweettxread, n. the pancreas 

of an animal used for food. 
Sweeti>rier, n. a kind of rose. 
Sweefheart, n. lover, mis- 
Sweef meat, n. a confection 

made of sugar. 
Sweet-will'iam, n. kind of 

Swell, v.n. to grow bigger, ex- 
pand, dilate: swell, n. 
Swel'ter, v.i. to be oppressed 

by heat: swel'try, a. 
Swerve, v.n. to deviate, turn 

Swift, a. fleet, rapid. 
Swig, n. a large draught. 
Swill, v.a. to drink grossly: — 

n. liquid food for hogs. 
Swim, v.n. to move on or in 

water; be dizzy. 
Swim'mingly, ad. with great 

Swin'dle, v.a. to defraud, 

cheat: swin'dler, n. 
Swine, n. ak hog, or hogs. 
Swine'herd, n. a keeper of 


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Swinffy V. to move or sway to 
andfro: swing, n. 

Swin'gle, v.a. to beat, as flax: 
— n. instrument to beat flax. 

Switch, n. a flexible twig; 
movable rail to transfer an 
engine, &c., from one track 
to another. 

Swiy'el (swiv^)j n. a turning 
joint in a cbam; small can- 
non turning on a piyot. 

Swoon, v.n. to famt: — n. a 

Swoop, V. to sweep, poimce, 
iaJl on and seize: swoop, n. 

Sword (sord), n. a military 
weapon for cutting, &c. 

Sword'fish, n, a sea-fish with 
a sword-like upper mw. 

Syb'arite, n. an effeminate 

Syc'amore, n. a tree. 

Syc'ophant, n. a mean, servile 
flatterer: syc'ophancy, n. 

Sy'enite, n. rock like granite. 

Syllab'icate, syllabify, v.a. 
to form into syllables: — t 
syllabica'tion, -fica'tion, 

Syriable, «. a word or part of 
a word uttered bv a single 
effort of voice: syUab'ic, a 

Syllabus, n. an abstract. 

SyHogism, n. the logical form 
of every argument. 

Sylph (slip, n. a fabled being 
of the air. 

Syl'van, a. of the woods. 

Symnbol, n. emblem; sign 
representing something: -ize, 
v.: -ism. «.: — ajs. symhoV- 
ic, symborical. 

Sym'metry, ». due propor- 
tion of parts, shapeliness: 
83rmmetTical, a. 

Sym'pathy, n. a feeling with 
another, compassion: S]rm'- 
pathize, v.: sympathetic. 

Sym'phony, n. harmony of 
sounds: sympho'nious, a. 

Symp'tom, n. sign, indication: 
symptomatic, a. 

Syn'agogtte C-gog), n. a Jew- 
ish house of worship. 

Syn'chronism, n. concurrence 
of events in time: ajs. syn'- 
chronal, syn'chronous. 

Syn'cope (singlco-pe), n. oau&- 
sbn of one or more letters 
from the middle of a word; 
a swoon. 

Syn'dic, n. a director, official. 

Syn'dicate, n. a combination, 
group of capitalists. 

Synec^doche (-do-ke), «. a 
figure by which a part is put 
for the whole, or the whole 
for a part. 

Syn'od, n. an ecclesiastical 
council: synod'ic, a. 

Syn'onym, n. a word of the 
same meaning as another: 
synon'ymize, v.a.: synon'- 
ymotiB, a. 

Synop'sis, n. a general view, 
epitome: pi. synop'sesC-sez): 
ajs. synop'tic, synop'tical. 

Syn^taZf n. the proper con- 
struction of woixls m a sen- 
tence: syntac'tic, a. 

Syn'thesis, n. a putting to- 
gether: synthetic, a. 

Syph'ilis, n. venereal disease. 

Sj^inge, «. a pipe to squirt a 

Sys'tem, n. combination of 
parts into a whole; regular 
method: -atize, v. a.: sys- 
tematic, a. 

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Tab, n. flap, tag, hanging end. 

Tab'ard, n. knigbt's or her- 
ald's coat 

Tab'ernacle, n. a tent; sanct- 
uary, place of worship. 

Tab'id, a. wasted by disemse. 

Tal>le, n. a piece of furniture; 
an index, synopsis, &c.:— 
VM. to lay on the table. 

Tableau' (-10'), «• a picture; 
scene formed by persons 
grouped: pi. tablaauz'. 

Taa>le-land, «. high level 

Tab'let, n. small flat piece or 

Taboo', n. & v.a. interdict. 

TalKV, n. a small drum. 

Tab'ourat, n. a stool; low 
stooMike stand. 

Tab'ular, a. relating to a table. 

Tacamahac' (tak-a-), n. a 
kind of tree; a resin. 

Tac'it (tas'-), a. silent. 

Tac'itum (tas'-), a. silent, re- 
served: tacitum'ity, n. 

Tack, n. a small nail; a rope; 
course of a ship: — v. to 
fasten, as by tacks; change 
the course. 

Tackle, n. rigging, ropes, &c.: 
pulley:— v.a. to harness; 
lay hold of: tackling, n. 

Tact, n. nice discernment and 
skill in dealing with others. 

Tac'tict, n. science of manceu- 
vring military and naval 
forces: ajs. tac'tic, tac'- 
tical: tacti'cian, n. 

Tac'tile, a. of touch- tangible. 

Tac'tion, n. a touching. 

Tad'pole, n. a young un- 
formed frog. 

Taffeta, n. a thin, glossy sUk. 

Taflfrail, n. stern rail. 

Taffy, n. a kind of candy. 

Tag, n. a metal point or a card 
at the end of a string; a game. 

Tailor, n. a maker of men's 
or women's clothes. 

Taint, v.a. to impregnate with 
anything noxious: — h. a 
stain, corruption. 

Take, v.a. to receive, catch. 

Talc, n. a mineral of pearly 

Tale, n. a story; a reckoning. 

Tal'ent, n. a weight; special 
gift or ability: -ed, a. 

Tales'man (talz'-), n. a jury- 
man taken from bystanders. 

Tal'ismAn (tal'iz-), n. a mag- 
ical figure, charm. 

Talk (tawk), v.n. to converse: 
talk, n.: -ative, a. 

TalL a. high in stature. 

Tallow, n. melted fat of the 
sheep, ox, &c. 

Tal'ly, «. account kept by 
notches on a stick: — v. to 
match, correspond. 

Tal'mud, n. the book of He- 
brew laws and traditions. 

Tal'on, ». claw of a Ixrd of 

Tam'arack, n. American tree. 

Tam'arind, n. an East Indian 
tree and its acid fruit. 

Tam'bour, ». a tambourine; 
drum-like frame for em- 
broidering; kind of em- 

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Tamboarine' (-enO. »• a kind 
of shallow drum with one 
akin, struck by the fingers. 

Tame, a. domesticated, gen- 
tle: — VM. to make tame. 

Tamp, v.a. to fill, as a hole 
drilled for blasting, with 
sand, &c. 

Tam'per, v.n. to meddle, deal 
secretly and unfairiy. 

Tam'pion, n. a stopper for 
the mouth of a cannon, &c. 

Tan, V. to convert into leather; 
turn brown:— «. bark for 
tanning; a yellowish brown 

Tan'dem, ad. one before the 
other, as horses harnessed. 

Tana, n. a strong taa|e. 

Tangent* ». a line which 
touches a curve but does 
not cut it. 

Tan'gible, «. perceptible by 
the touch: tangibu'ily, n. 

Tan'gle (tangi). v. to inter- 
twine confusedly: — n. snarl 

Tank, n. a cistern. 

Tank'ard, n. a drinking-ves- 
sel with a lid. 

Tan'ner, n. one who tans 
leather: -y, n. 

Tan'nin, n. astringent sub- 
stance in bark that tans. 

Tan'sy (-z!), n. a bitter herb. 

Tan'talize, v.a. to torment 
with false hopes. 

Tan'tamount, a. equivalent. 

Tap, v.a. to rap lightly: pierce 
so as to let out liquid: tap, n. 

Tape, n. a narrow woven band. 

Ta'per, ». wax candle:— v. to 
narrow eradually, as masts; 
— a. gradually narrowing. 

Tap'ettry, n. woven fabric 
for covering walls, &c. 

Tapio'ca, n. nutritious starch 
from the manioc root. 

Ta'pir, n. an animal allied to 
the rhinoceros and the hog. 

Tap'-room, n. room where 
beer is served from the cask. 

Tap'-roott n. main root. 

Tar, n, dark liquid pitch; 
sailor: — v. to smear with tar. 

Tanui'ttila, i>. a kind of large 

Tar'dy, a. slow, late, dilatory. 

Tare, n. a weed; allowance m 
weight for the cask, bag, &c. 

Tar'get, h, a small shield: 
mark to be shot at. 

Tar'iflf (t&r'-). f». a list of 

* duties to be paid govern- 
ment on goods. 

Tar^tan, n. a thin muslin. 

Tarn, n, a mountain pond. 

Tar'nish, v. to sully, soil. 

Tarpaul'in, n. tarred canvas; 
sail(»r's watoproof hat. 

Tar'ry (tar'-), v. to stay. wait. 

Tar'ry (tfir'-), a. of or Uke tar. 

Tart, a. sour, sharp. — n. a 
pie without a top crust. 

Tar'tan, ». plaid cloth. 

Tar'tar, n. an add salt; hard 
depoat on the teeth; ill-tem- 
pered person: ajs. tarta'- 
reoiis* tartar'lc. 

Tar'tanis, n. the infernal re- 
gions: tarta'rean, a. 

Task, n. work imposed, duty: 
— VM. to impose as a task; 

Tas'ael, i>. a hanging tuft of 
threads, &c.: tas'selled, a. 

Taite, V. to perceive or tnr by 
the palate: — n. senac of tast- 
ing; flavor; nice perception, 
remh, se^hetic sense. 

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Taf ter, n. a loose hanging 
rag: taf tered, a. 

Tatterdemalion (-mal'soin), 
n. a ragged fellow. 

Taf tie, VM. to talk idly, teU 
tales: — n. trifling talk. 

Tattoo', v.a. to mark by prick- 
ing coloring matter into the 
skin: — n. marks so made; 
beat of drum to summon to 

Taunt, v.a. to reproach in- 
sultingly, twit: — ». sarcas- 
tic reproach. 

Tau'rine (-rln), a. of or like a 

Taut, a. stretched tight. 

Tautorogy, n. needless repe- 
tition of the same idea in 
different words: tawtolog'- 
ical, a.: tautorogize, v.n.: 
tautoroicist, n. 

Tav'em, n. an inn. 

Taw, v.a. to dress, as skins, 
into white leather. 

Taw'dry, a. cheap and showy 
without taste, gaudy. 

Taw'ny, a. dusky yellow. 

Tax, n. a rate imposed, im- 
post; burden: — v.a. to lay a 
tax on: -«ble, a.: -action, n. 

Tax'icab, n. a public cab 
carrying a fare-mdicator. 

Tax'idermy, n. art of prepar 
in^ and stuffing the skins of 
animals: taz'idermist, n. 

Tazim'eter, n. a fare-indica 
tor in a public vehicle. 

Tea, n. the dried leaves of a 
shrub of China and Japan; 
an infusion of the leaves. 

Teach, v.a. to instruct, show: 
-able, a.: -er, n. 

Teak, n. an East Indian tree. 

Teal, ». a small water-fowl. 

Team, n. two or more horses 
or oxen harnessed together 
for drawing: -ster, n. 

Tear, n. a drop of fluid from 
the eyes: -ful, a. 

Tear (tair), v.a. to pull in 
pieces, rend: — n. a rent. 

Tease, v.a. to vex, annoy. 

Tea'sel (te'zl), n. a plant and 
its bur used to nuse a nap 
on cloth. 

Teat (tet), n. a nipple. 

Tech'nic, tech'nical, a. be- 
lons^g to the arts or to a 
particular art or profession: 
technicality, n. 

Tech'nics, the branches 
that rc^te to the arts. 

Technique' (tek-n€kO, n. ex- 
ecution, methods, or skill as 
regards an art. 

Technology, n. systematic 
knowledge or stucly of the 
arts: technolog'ical, a.: 
technologist, n. 

Te'dious (te'dius or tfid'yus), 
a. wearisome, tiresome. 

Te'dium, n. irksomeness. 

Tee, n. a small mound from 
which a golf-ball is drivoi: 
tee, V. to place the ball on 
the tee. 

Teem, v. to bring forth; be full. 

Teens, the years between 
12 and 20. 

Tee'ter, v.n. to seesaw. 

Teeth (t6/A), v.n. to grow 

Teeto'tal, a. total. 

Teg^ument, n. a natural cov- 
ering: tegumenfary, a. 

Teregram, n. a message sent 
by telegraph. 

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Tel'egraph, n. apparatus to Tem'porary, a. lasting for a 

give signals to distant places: { limited time only. 

— v.n. to announce by tele-jTem'porize, v. to comply with 

graph: telegraphic, a.:\ the time or occasion; delay. 

teleg'raphy, n. Tempt (temt), v.a. to entice to 

Telep'athy, ». communica-j ill: -a'tion, ».: -er, n. 

tion of one mind with anoth-jTen'able, a. that may be held 

er at a distance without ex- 1 or defended. 

temal or physical means. ITena'ciou8(-na'shus), a. hold- 
Terephone, n. instrument for ing fast: tenacity, n, 

transmitting sound to a dis-jTen'ant, n. one who occupies 

tance by an electric current, an estate of anothor. 
Terescope, n. an optical in- Tend, v. to serve, attend; 

stniment for viewing dis-j move toward, conduce. 

tant objects: telescopic, a.jTen'dency, inclination, drift. 
Tell, vui, to utter, relate, in- iTen'der, a. soft, delicate; kind, 

form; count. pitiful: — v.a. to offer: — ». a 

Tell'er, n. a clerk whose duty small vessel; car for fuel and 

it is to receive or pay money. I water; an offer. 
TeU'tale, n. a talebearer. Ten'derloin, n. a tender part 

Tellu'ritun, n. z. brittle chem 
ical dement. 

Temer'ity, n. rashness. 

Tem'per, v.a. to mix in due 
proportion, modify; fix the 
proper hardness of: — n. dis- 
position of mind; degree of 
hardness of metal; passion. 

Tem'perament, n. due mix- 
ture of qualities, internal 
constitution, disposition. 

Tem'p^te, a. moderate in 
drinking, eating, &c.: tem'- 
perance, ». 

Tem'perature, n. state of the 
air as to heat or cold. 

Tem'pest, n. a violent storm. 

Tempestuous, a. stormy. 

Tem'ple, n. an edifice for re- 
ligious worship; side of the 

Tem'poral, a. pertaining to 
woridly matters, not eternal; 
relating to the temples. 

of beef, pork, &c. 

Ten'don, n. a sinew, cord: 
ten'dinous, a. 

Ten'dril, n. a curling, thread- 
like shoot on a vine, &c. 

Ten'ebrous, a. dark, gloomy. 

Ten'ement, n. a dwellmg, esp. 
for a family; house contain- 
ing a number of dwellings. 

Ten'et, n. opinion, prinaple. 

Ten'nis, n. game played with 
a ball and racket. 

Ten'on, «. the end cut to fit 
into a mortise. 

Ten'or, n. general course, pur- 
port: {Mus) the highest 
natural male voice. 

Tense, n. a variation of the 
verb to distinguish time: — a. 
stretched tight. 

Ten'sion, n. stretching, strain. 

Tent, n. a lodge or shdter 
made of canvas; roll of linf: 
— v.a. to probe. 

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Ten'tacle, n. insect's feeler. 

Ten'tative, a. trying, essaying. 

Tenf er, n. a frame to stretch 
and dry doth on. 

Tenuity, n. slendemess. 

Ten'ure, n. mode of holding 
land, &c. 

Tep'efy, v.a. to make teiHd: 
tepefac'tion, n. 

Tep'id, a. slightly warm, luke- 
warm: tepid'ity, n. 

Ter'aphim, household 

Tercen'tenary, o. of or com- 
prising 300 years. 

Ter'ebintn, n. turpentine-tree. 

Tergiversate (ter'jl-), v.n. to 
shift, use subterfuges: tergi- 
versa'tion, n. 

Term, ». a limit; limited time; 
word, expression, name; pi. 
conditions: — v.a. to name. 

Ter'magant, n. a brawling 
woman: — a. bravrling. 

Ter^minate, v. to put an end 
or limit to, end: ter'mina- 
ble, a.: ter'minal, a.: ter- 
mina'tion, n.: -natiye, a. 

Terminorogy, n. terms used 
in a science, &c. 

Ter'miims, n. end or extreme 
point: pi. ter'mini. 

Ter'mite, n. the white ant. 

Ter'nary, a. relating to three. 

Ter'race, n. a Icvd plot of 
earth thrown up; lev«l roof. 

Ter'ra-cof ta, n. a kind of 
earthenware, esp. for statu- 
ettes, architectural oma.- 
ment& &c.; a pinkish red. 

Ter^rapin, n. a kind of fresh- 
water tortoise. 

Terra'queous, a. composed 
of land and water. 

Terrene' (-r8n0, a. terrestrial. 
Terres'trial, a. of the earth. 
Ter'rihle, a. dreadful. 
[Ter'rier, n. a dog that follows 

his ra,me into holes. 
Ter'rily, v.a. to frighten: ter- 
rific, a. dreadful. 
Territory, *». an extent of 

land, di^rict. 
Ter'ror, n. great fear: -iam. n, 
iTerse, a. concise and neat. 
Ter'tian (-shan), a. occurring 

every third day. 
Ter'tiary (tcr'shi-), a. third. 
Tes'selate, v.a. to lay with 

mosaic or checkered work. 
Test, n. critical trial, standard: 

— v.a. to put to a test. 
Testa'cean (-shan), testa'- 

ceous (-shus), a, havmg a 

strong shell, as oysters, &c.: 

testa"cean, n. 
Tes'tament, ». a will; title of 

each of the two parts of the 

Testamentary, a. relating to 

a will. 
Tes'tate, a. having made a 

Testa'tor, n. one who leaves a 

wiU:/<fw. testa'triz. 
Tesf er, n. canopy of a bed. 
Tes'ticle, n. gland in males 

that secretes the seed-fluid. 
Tes'tify, v. to bear witness. 
Testimo'nial, n. a certificate. 
Tes'timony.M. evidence, proof. 
Tesfy, a. fretful, peevish. 
Tef anus, n. disease causing 

spasmodic contraction of 

various muscles. 
{T«te'-a-t«te' (tat'-a-tat^, a. 

face to face: — h. close mter- 

view; a short sofa. 

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Teth'er (te/*'-). n. a rope to 
tie a pasturing beast: teth'- 
er, v.a. 

Tef ragon» ». four-sided figure. 

Tetrshe'droii, ». a solid 
bounded by four trian^es. 

Tetram'eter, n. a verse of four 
metrical feet. 

Tt'trarch, n, ruler of the 
fourth part of a province: 
ns. tetrarch'ate^tefrarchy . 

Tetras'tidi (-tik), n. a stanxa 
of four lines. 

Tetrasyllable ftet-), n. a 
word of four syllables. 

Tef ter, n. a skin disease. 

Teuton'ic, a. German. 

Tazt, ft. body of a litd^y 
work; passage of Scripture. 

Tezf -book, n. a book for stu- 

Tez'tile (-till), a. woven. 

Tezf ual, a. pertaining to text 

Tezt'ure, n. a weaving; fabric 
woven; combination of parts. 

Thank, v.a. to express grati- 
tude to: -fol, a. 

Thanksfiv'iiig, ». a giving of 
thanks; day set apart to give 
thanks to God. 

Thatch, n. straw, reeds, &c 
for ,a roof: — vm. to cover 
with thatch. 

Thaw, V. to melt, as snow: — n 
the mdting of snow, &c. 

The'atre, n. house for dramat- 
ic plays; scene of action: 
theatrical, a.: theatri- 

Theft, n. act of stealing, lar 
ceny, thing stolen. 

The'ism, n. belief in a God 
the'ist, ft.: tiieis'tlc, a. 

Theme, n. a subject, topic. 

Theoc'racy, i». government of 
a state by God: theocratic. 

Theod'olite, n. surveyor's in- 
strument to measure angles. 

Theog'ony, n. the genealogy 
of the heathen gods. 

Theol'ogy, fi. science which 
treats of God: tfaeolo'sian. 
n.: ajs. theolof'ic, -ical. 

The'orem, ft. a proposition to 
be proved. 

The'ory, it. a scheme subsist- 
ing only in the mind; specu- 
lation as distinguished from 
practice: ajs. tfaecref ic, 
tiieorefical: tfae'crist, ft.: 
the'crize, v.h. 

Therapen'tics, ft. science of 
medical treatment. 

There (thsdc), ad. in that place. 

There'fore, ad. hence. 

Ther'mal, a. warm. 

Thermom'eter, ft. an instru- 
ment to measure heat: ajs. 
thennomef ric, -ical. 

Thesau'rus, ft. a treasury, 
esp. of kno^edge. 

The'sis, ft. a theme; essay on 
a theme assigned: pi. -ses. 

The'tirgy, ft. art of magic. 

Thews, sinews. 

Thick, a. not thin, dense: 
thick, ft.: thick'en. v. 

Thickset, ft. a dose wood. 

Thief (then, ft. one guilty of 
theft: thieve, v.h. to steal: 
tiiiev'erv, ft.: thiev'ish, a. 

Thigh (thi), ft. the part of the 
le|[ from knee to trunk. 

ThiU, ft. shaft of a carriage. 

Thim'ble, ft. a metal cap for 
the finger. 

Thin. a. not thick, slim. 

Think, v. to have ideas. 

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Thirst, n. a painful want of 
drink: v. to feel thirst: -y, a. 

Thir'ty, a. & «. 3 times 10. 

This'tle (this'l), ». a prickly 

Thith'er ithUh'-), ad. to that 

Thole, thowl, n. a pin to hold 
the oar in place. 

Thong, n. a strap of leather. 

Tho'rax, n. the chest. 

Thorn, ». a woody spine, 
prickle; prickly shrub: -y» a. 

Thor'ough (thur'o), a. com- 
plete, entire: -ly, ad. 

Thor'ough-bass (-has), n. a 
bass part with figures to in 
dicate the other parts. 

Thor'oughbred, a. bred from 
a dam and sire of the best 

Thor'oushfare, n. public way. 

Thor'oughwort (-wurt), «. 
the plant boneset. 

Thou£h(//(d), conj. admitting. 

Thought, n. what one thinks, 
idea: -ful, a.: -less, a. 

Thott'sand, a. ten hundred. 

Thral'dom (thrawl'dum), n. 
slavery: thrall, n. slave. 

Thrash, v.a. to thresh; beat. 

Thread (thred), ». a thin line 
of fibre twisted: v. to pass a 
thread through; go through. 

ThreadHmre, a. worn napless; 

Threat (thret), n. a menace: 
threat'en (thret'n), v. a. 

Three'score, a. sixty. 

Thren'ody, n. a song of lam- 

Thresh, vui. to beat out, as 

Thresh'old, n. a door-sill 

Thrice, ad. three times. 
Thrid, v.a. to pass through. 
Thrift, n. prosperity; frugal- 

itjj: -less, a.: -y, a. 
Thrill, ft. a tingling, shivering 

sensation: — v. to pierce; fm 

Thrive, v. to prosper, flourish. 
Throat, n. forepart of the neck. 
Throb, v.n. to palpitate: — n. 

a strong pulsation. 
Throe, n. pang, agony. 
Throne, n. seat of a lung. 
Throng, f». &v. crowd. 
Throf tie, v.a. to choke. 
Through (throo), prep, from 

end to end of. 
Throw (thro), v. to hurl, cast. 
Thrum, n. end of a weaver's 

thread; coarse yam: — vm. 

to play carelessly, as on a 

Thrush, n. a small bird. 
Thrust, v.a. to push with force, 

stab: thrust, n. 
Thug, n. a member of a society 

of a.ssassins in India. 
Thumb (thum), n. the short, 

thick finger: — v.a. to soil 

with the thumbs. 
Thump, n. a heavy, dull blow. 
Thun'der, h. the sound after 

a flash of lightning: — v.n. 

to make thunder: -bolt, n. 

a stroke of lightning. 
Thurs'day, n. 5th day of week. 
Thwack, n. & v. whack. 
Thwart, a. being crosswise: — 

v.a. to cross, frustrate. 
Thyme (tim), n. fragrant herb. 
Tia'ra (ti-a'-), n. a head-dress; 

the Pope's triple crown. 
Tic-douloureuz' (tic-d66-lQ6- 

r660, n. facial neuralgia. 

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Tick, n. an insect; bed-case; 

small noise; trust: -ing, n. 

cloth for covering pillows, 

mattresses, &c. 
Tick, v.n. to make a small, 

quick noise. 
Tickler, n. tele^phic instru- 
ment for givmg stock quo- 
Tick'et, ». card marked to 

show right of admission, 

transportation, &c.; label; list 

of candidates for election. 
Tickle, v.a. to touch lightly 

so as to thrill; please. 
Ticklish, a. easily tickled; 

Tide, n. rise and foil of the sea: 

Ti'dings, news. 
Ti'dy, a. neat, dean: — n. 

cover for chair-backs, &c. 
Tie, v.a. to bind: — n. a knot. 
Tier (t6r), n. a row, rank. 
Tierce (tSrs), n. a cask oi 42 

Ti'ger, n. a fierce animal 

found in Aaa,:/em. ti'gress. 
Tight (tit), a. close, not loose 

or leaky: tighten, v. 
Tile, n. thin plate of baked 

clay for roofmg, &c.; a clay 

pipe for drains. 
Till, «. a money-drawer. 
TilL v.a. to cultivate, as soil. 
Tiller, n. handle of a rudder. 
Tilt, n. an awning; encounter 

on horseback with lances: — 

V. to thrust; slant; forge with 

a tilt-hammer. 
Tilt'-hammer, ». a heavy 

hammer used in iron-works. 
Timlier, n. wood for btiild 

ing, &c. 

Tim1)rel, n. a kind of tam- 

Time, n. duration, period, sea- 
son: — ns. -keeper, -piece, 
watch or clock: -ly, a. & 
ad. in good time: -server, 
n. a temporizer. 

Timid, a. fearful, afraid: ti- 
midity, ».: tim^orous, a. 

Tin, n. a whitish metal. 

Tin'cal, n. crude borax. 

Tincf ure, n. a shade of color; 
solution in alcohol, &c.: — 
VM. to tinge, imbue. 

Tin'der, n. something to kin- 
dle fire from a spark. 

Tine, n. spike of a fork, &c. 

Tinloil, ». tin in a thin leaf. 

Tinge, vui. to tint or color 
slightly: — n. a color, tint. 

Tin'gle, v.n. to have a prick- 
ing feeling. 

Tinkler, n. a mender of old 
brass, &c.: tink'er, v. 

Tin^e, v. to make light, me- 
tallic sounds. 

Tin'sel, n. thin, cheap mate- 
rial with a metallic glitter 
for showy ornamentation: 
tin'sel, a. 

Tint, n. color, hue, shade: — 
v.a. to tinge with color. 

Ti'ny, a. very small. 

Tip, n. the top, end: — v. to 
top; incline. 

Tip'pet, ». wrap for the neck. 

Tip'ple, V. to drink strong 
liquors to excess. 

Tip'sta£F, n. constable. 

Tip'sy, a. drunk. 

Tip'toe, n. end of the toe. 

Tirade% n. outburst of censure. 

Tire, n. hoop of iron for a 
wheel: v. to weary: -some, a. 

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Tis'tue (tish'y65), n. woven IToilet, n. a dressing-table; 

fobric, doth; ver^ thin pa-| act of dressing; drees. 

per: cellular fabric of ani- Tolceo (tdlcnjl, ». a sign. 

mal or vegetable substance. 
Titen'ic, a. gigantic, like the 

Titans in mythology. 
Titbit, «. choice bit, dainty. 
Tithe (tUh), », tenth part:— 

vji. to tax one-tenth. 
Tif illAte, v,n. to tickle: titil- 

la'tion, H. 
Ti'tle, n. name, appdlation of 

honor; right: ti^ed, a. 
Tif mouse, n. a little bird. 
Tif ter, vm. to lau^h rcstrain- 

edly: — ». a restramed laugh, 

Tif tie, n. a particle, an bta. 

Tif tle-taf tie; n. tattle. 

Tifular, tifulary, a. pertain- 
ing to a title; nominal. 

Toad, ». a frog-like reptile. 

Toad'stool, n. a iMisonous 

Toad'y, ». a mean flatterer. 

Toast, V. to scorch at the fire; 
drink to: — n. bread toasted; 
a sentiment or health pro- 

Tobac'co, n. a plant and its 
dried leaves used for smok- 
ing, &c.: tobac'conist, n. 

Toc'sin, n. alarm-bell. 

To-day, n.&ad.this day. 

Tod'dle, VM. to walk feebly. 

Tod'dy, n. mixture of spirit, 
water, and sugar. 

Toe, n. a part of the foot, 

To'ga, n. Roman mantle. 

Togeth'er, ad. not apart. 

Tog'gle-joint, n. a kind of 
joint luce an elbow-joint. 

Toil, v.n. to labor:— f». hard 

Tele, v.a. to allure. 

Tol'erate, vji. to endure, al- 
low: torerable, a.: td'er- 
ance, ».: tol'erant, a.: tol- 
era'tion, n. 

Toll, n. a tax: — v. to ring 
slowly and solemnly. 

Tom'abawk, Indian hatchet. 

Toma'to, ». a plant and its 
fruit; pi. toma'toet. 

Tomb (tOOm), n. vault for a 
dead body: tomb'stone. n. 

TomlMy, ». a romping girl. 

Tome, n. a volume, book. 

To-^mor'row, after this. 

Ton (tun), n. so cwt., aooo or 
2240 lbs. avoirdupois. 

Tone, n. sound; quality of 
voice; vigor; style, tenor. 

Tonga,' a utensil to take 
up objects. 

Tongue (tung), m. fleshy orfi[an 
in the mouth: anything 
tongue-shaped; language. 

Ton'ic, a. increasing tone or 
strength: — ». a strengthen- 
ing medicine. 

Ton'nage (tun'ai), n. cubical 
contents of a ^p; duty per 

Tonneau' (ton-nOO, «• the 
rear body of an automobfle. 

Ton'sil, n. one of two oval 
glands in the throat. 

Tonso'rial, a. rdating to bar- 
bers or to shaving. 

Ton'sure (-shur), n. shaving 
of the crown of the head. 

Tontine' (tfinO, n. a kind of 
life annuity. 

work; net, snare: -some, a. Tool, i>. instrument; hireling. 

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Tootii, n. one of the bony pro- 
jections in the jaw, used to 
bite with; a prong: -ache* 
n.: -some» a. palatable. 

Top, n. highest point; a toy. 

To'paz, n. a ix«dotis stone. 

Temper, n. a drunkard. 

To'phet, «. hell. 

Top'ic, n. a theme, subject. 

Topical, a. pertaining to a 
particular place or subject. 

Top'mast, n. mast at the top 
of the lower niast. 

Topog'raphy, n. a description 
of i^aces: topoff'rapher, ».: 
ajs. topograph'ic, -ical. 

Top'ple, v.n. to tumble down. 

Top'gy-tur'vy, ad. upside 

Torch, n. a blazing light, 

Tor'ment, n. great pain, an- 
guish: tormenf , v.a. 

TomaMo, n. a hurricane. 

TorpeMo, n. an electric fish; a 
firework; exi^osive machine 
or charge: — v.a. to attack 
with torpedoes. 

Torpe'do-Doat, n, boat for 
attacking wiUi torpedoes. 

Tor'pid, a. numbed, sluggish: 
torpid'ity, n. 

Tor'por, n. numbness. 

Tor'refy,v.a. to scorch, parch: 
torrefac'tion, n. 

Tofrent, n. a rushing stream. 

Tor'rid, a. burning hot. 

Tor'sion, n. a twisting. 

Tort, «. a wrong, an mjury. 

Tor'toise (-tis), n. a reptile 
covered with a hard shell. 

Torf U0U8, a. winding; deceit 

Torfure, n. extreme pain m 
flicted: v. to put to torture. 

To'ry, a, in English politics, 

Tom, V, to throw lightly. 
To'tal, a. whole, complete: — 

n. whde sum: total'Ity, n, 
Tof t«r, VM. to shake. 
Touch (tuch), V. to come in 

contact with; hit or handle 

lightly; affect: — ». sense of 

feeling, contact. 
Tottch'wood, *». decayed wood 

used for tinder. 
Touch'y, a. peevish. 
Tough (tuf), n. not brittle, 

tenacious; hardy, able to 

endure: tougfa'en (tuf'n), v. 
Toupee', n. top-piece of hair, 

Tour (taar), n. a circuitous 

journey, excursion: -ist, n. 
Tour'nament, tour'ney, n. a 

mock fight of knighte. 
Tour'niquet (tur'ne-ket), n. a 

bandage that tightens with 

a screw. 
Tow (to), n. coarse part of flax: 

— v.a. to draw through the 

water by a rope: -age, n. 
Tow'ard (te'ard), or tow'ards, 

prep, in a direction to. 
Tow'el, n. a cloth to wipe the 

hands and face. 
Tow'er, n. a loftv structure: — 

v.n. to rise high. 
Town, ». large collection of 

houses, or the inhabitants: 

-«hip, n. territory of a town. 
Toxicorojgy, n. the science 

which investigates poisons. 
Toy, n. a plaything: — v.n. to 

trifle, daUy. 
Trace, n. a mark left, foot- 
print: — v.a. to follow by 

tracks; mark: -able, a. 

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Tra'cery, n. orniimeatation;Train'-oil, n. whale-ofl. 
in flowing lines, ciirves, &c. , Traipse, v.n. to walk idly, gad 

Trances, the drawing 

straps for a harness. 
Tra'cnea (tra'ke-), ». the 

windpipe: tra'cheal, a. 
Track, n. foot-print, path, 

course: — v.a. to follow by 

footsteps left. 
Tract, H. a region, district; 

small treatise, pamphlet. 
Tracfable, a. manageable, 

docile: tractabil'ity, n. 
Trac'tate, n. tract, pamphlet. 
Trac'tile (-til), a. that may be 

drawn out: tractil'ity, «. 
Trac'tor, n. thing that draws: 

trac'tive, a.: trac'tion, n. 
Trade, n. traffic; vocation: — 

VM. to traffic; buy and sell. 
Trades'man, n. a shopkeeper. 
Trade'-win(te, n. periodical 

winds between the tropics. 
Tradi'tion, n. oral account 

transmitted from age to age: 

ajs. -al, -ary. 
Traduce', v. to defame, vilify. 
Traffic, V. [i. & p. trafficked : 

p. trafficking) to buy and 

sell, trade: — ». trade. 
Trage'dian, n. actor of trag 

eayi/em. tragedienne'. 
Trag'edy, ». a species of 

Trait, n. a touch; feature. 

Trai'tor, n. one who betrays: 
-ous, a.: /em. trai'tress. 

Trajec'tory, n. curve which 
a body describes in space. 

Tram, n. a coal-wagon; street- 
car; street railway: tram'* 
car, ».: tram'way, n. 

Tram'mel, v.a. to shackle, 
hamper: — n. a shackle; pot- 

Tramon'tane, a. beyond the 
Alps from Italy; foreign. 

Tramp, v. to tread, travel on 
foot: — n. a foot-journey; a 

Tram'ple, v. to tread roughly. 

Trance, n. state in which the 
soul is rapt in visions; cata- 
leptic state. 

Tran'quil, a. quiet, peaceful, 
calm: tranqml'lity, n.: 
tran'quillize, v.a. 

Transact, v.a. to perform, 
do: transac'tion, n. 

Transal'piae (pin), a. be- 
yond the Alps from Rome. 

Transatlan'tic, a. beyond the 

Transcend', v.a. to rise above, 
surpass: -ence, ».: -ent, a. 

drama ia which the end is Transcenden'tal, a. beyond 
sad; shocking event: ajs.\ the limits of experience, 
trag'ic, trag'ical. mystical. 

Tragicom'edy, n. a drama Transcribe', v.a. to copy: 
part tragedy part comedy, j tran'script, «.: transcrip'- 

Txtdl, V. to drag; trace: — n. a tion, n. 
track; anything drawn. Tran'sept, n. a cross aisle. 

Train, v.a. to draw; educate, Transfei^, v.a. to convey to 
discipline, &c.: — n. some- another place, remove: 
thing drawn behind, retinue, trans'fer, n.: ajs. transfer'- 
serics. able, transfer'rible. 

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Transfig'iire, vm. to change 
the appearance of: trans- 
figura'tion, n. 

Transfix', vm. to pierce. 

TransfQrm% vm. to change 
the form of: -action, n. 

Transfu8e^ v.a. to pour out of 
one into another, inject: 
transfu'sion (-zhun), n. 

Tran8gre8S% v. to go beyond 
a just limit, break a law, sin: 
-or, n.: transgres'sion, ». 

Tran'sient (-shent), a. pass- 
ing, fleeting, not lasting. 

Tran'sit, n. a passing over. 

Transi'tion (-sizh'un), n. pa 
age, change; period of 
change: -al, a. 

Tran'sitive, a. passing over; 
noting a verb which has an 

Tran'sitory, a. fleeting. 

Translate', v.a. to interpret 
into another language: ns. 
transla'tion, transla'tor. 

Translu'cent, a. showing light 
through but not transparent. 

Transmarine' (-r6n0, a. be- 
yond the sea. 

Trans'migrate, v.n. to pass 
into another country or body: 
transmigra'tion, ».: trans- 
mi'gratory, a. 

Transmif, v.a. to send across 
to another person or place: 
transmis'sible, a.: trans- 
mis'sion, n.: transmis'- 
sive, a.: transmif tal, n. 

Transmute', v.a. to change 
to another form or sub- 
stance: transmu'table, a.: 
transmuta'tion, n. 

Tran'som, n. a cross-beam; 
small window over a door. 

Transpar'ent, a. that may be 
seen through: -par'ency, n. 

Transpire', v. to pass through 
pores; exhale; leak out. In- 
come known. 

Transplanf , v.a. to plant in a 
new i^ace: -a'tion, n. 

Tran^orf , v.a. to convey; 
banish; ravish with pleasure: 
transporta'tion, n. 

Trans'port, n. conveyance, 
vessel; ecstasy. 

Transpose', v.a. to change by 
puttmg each in the place of 
the other: tran^osi'tion,n. 

Transship', vui, to transfer to 
another ship: -ment, ». 

Transubstantia'tion (-shl-a'- 
shun), n. the doctrine that 
the bread and wine in the 
Eucharist are changed into 
Christ's body and blood. 

Transude', v. to ooze through. 

Transverse', a. runningacross. 

Trap, ». engine to catch ani- 
mals, snare; kind of rock: 
v.a. to insnare; deck, adorn. 

Trapeze', n. a swing used in 

Trape'zium, n. a plane figure 
of 4 unequal sides, no two 

Trapezoid', n. a four-sided 
plane figure with two sides 

Trash, n. waste matter: -y, a. 

Trav'ail, n. toil; labor in child- 
birth: trav'ail, v.n. 

Trav'el, v. to journey: trav'- 
el, «.: trav'eller, n. 

Trav'erse, a. lying across: — n. 
something that crosses; plea 
of denial: — v.a. to cross, 
travel or pass over; deny. 

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Trav'csty, v.n. to turn into 
burlesque: — n. a parody. 

Tmwl» v.n. to fish by trauing 
a net behind a vessel. 

Tray» n. flat, shallow vessel. 

Treach'ery (trech'-), «• breach 
of trust, faithlessness, per- 
fidy: treach'erous, a. 

Trea'cle (tre'kl), n. molasses. 

Tread (tred), v. to set the foot, 
step, walk: — ». step, gait. 

Treadle* tred'dle (tredl), «. 
part of a loom, &c., which 
tlw foot moves. 

Tread'-mill» n. a mill worked 
by treading. 

Trea'son (trg'zn), ». rebellion 
against a government, dis- 
loj^ty: -able, a. 

Treas'ure (trezh'ur), n. wealth 
stored up, riches: — v.a. to 
store up: treas'urer, n. 
treas'ury, n. 

Treat, v. to use, manage, dis- 
course on; entertain with 
drink, &c.: — n. an entertain- 
ment: -ment, n. 

Trea'tise, n. discourse, essay. 

Trea'ty, n. agreement between 

Treble (trebl), a. & v.a. triple: 
— n. Wghest part in music. 

Tree, n. a large woody plant 

Tre'foil, ». a three-leaved 
F^ant, as the red clover. 

Trel'lis, n. lattice- work to sup- 
port plants, &c. 

Trem'ble, v.n. to shake as 
from fear, &c. 

Tremen'dous, a. dreadful. 

Tre'mor, n. a trembling: 
trem'ulous, a. trembling. 

Trench'ant, a, cuttii 

Trench'er, n, a woodoi plate: 
-man, «. a great eater. 

Trend, v.«. to run or tend. 

Trepan', n. a surgeon's circu- 
lar saw, used in trepanning: 
— v.a. to remove a piece of 
the skull with a trepan. 

Trephine' (-fen' or -fin'), n. 
instrument iar trepanning. 

Trepida'tion, n. tremulous 

Tres'pass, v.n. to enter un- 
lawfully on another's land; 
intrude: — u. encroachment. 

Tress, ». a ringlet, curl. 

Tres'tle (tres'l), n. a frame to 
support a bridge, &c. 

Tret, n. allowance for waste. 

Trey (tri,), n. the three-spot of 
cards and dice. 

Tri'ad, n. union of three. 

Tri'al, n. test; attempt; judi- 
cial examination; afiliction. 

Tri'angle, n. a figure of three 
angles and three sides: tri- 
an'gular, a. 

Trian'gulate, v.a. to divide 
into triangular {dots: trian- 


ffula'tion, n. 

rlbe, n. a race or family. 

Tribula'tion, n. afiliction. 

Tribu'nal, n. court of justice. 

Trib'une, n. a Roman magis- 
trate; platform for speaker. 

Trib'ute, n. a tax paid in token 
of submission: trib'utary, a. 

Trice, n. an instant. 

Trick, n. a stratagem to de- 
ceive or puzzle: — v. to cheat: 
-ery, ».: -ster, ». 

Tric'kle, v.n. to fall in drops. 

Trench, v. to dig a ditch; en- Tri'colored, a. of three colors, 
croach: — n. a ditch, moat. Tricus'pid, a. three-pointed. 

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Tri'dent, n. a three-pronged 

Triden'tate, a. three-toothed. 

Trien'nial, a. happening ev- 
ery third year; lasting three 

Tri'fid, a. three-cleft. 

Tri'fle, v.n. to act with levity, 
talk idly, &c.: — n. a thing of 
little value: tri'fler, n. 

Trifoliate, a. three-leaved. 

Tri'form, a. having a trii^e 

Trifur'cate, a. three-pronged. 

Trig'ger, n. a catch of a gun 

Tri^onom'etry* n. science of 
triangles: Hmefrical, a. 

Trilaf eral» a. three-sided. 

Trill, n. a quaver: — v. to 
quaver, sing with a trill. 

Trill'ion (-yun), n. in the U. S, 
a million millions; in Eng. a 
million times a million mil 

Trim, a. neat, snug, compact: 
— v.a. to put in order, dress, 
clip: — v.n. to fluctuate be- 
tween parties: — n. order. 

Trine, a. threefold: — «. aspect 
of pianets 120 degrees from 
each other. 

Trinity, n. union of three — 
the Father, the Son, and the 
Holy Ghost — in one God- 
head: Trinita'rian, a. & n. 

Trin'ket, n. trifling ornament. 

Trino'mial, a. of three terms. 

Tri'o, n. a group of three; mu- 
sic for three singers, &c. 

Trip, V. to go with quick light 
steps: stumble or cause to 
stumble: — n. a journey. 

Trip'artite, a. in three parts. 

Tripe, n. the large stomach of 

. beef-cattle prepared for food. 

Tripef alous, a. having three 

Tnp'-hammer, n. a tilt-ham- 

Triph'thong (triphthong), n. 
three letters sounded as one. 

Triple,a. threefold: v. to treble. 

Triplet, n. three of a kind, or 
one of them; three imited. 

Trip'licate, a. threefold. 

Tri'pod, n. a stand, &c., on 
three feet. 

Trisecf , v.a. to cut into three 
equal parts: trisec'tion, n. 

Tris'yllaDle, n. a word of 
three s}dlables. 

Trite, a. worn out, common. 

Trit'tirate, v.a. to grind to 
powder: tritura'tion, n. 

Tri'umph, n. victory; rejoic- 
ing over victory: — v.n. to 
obtain or celebrate a victory, 
exult: tritun'phal, a.: tri- 
um'phant, a. 

Tritim'vir, n. one of three 
men united in office. 

Tri'une, a. three in one. 

Triv'et, n. three-legged stand. 

Triv'ial, a. common-place. 

Tro'car, n. an instrument for 
tapping a dropsical person. 

Tro'che (trolce), «. a medi- 
cated lozenge. 

Tro'chee (tro'ke), n. a metri- 
cal foot consisting of a long 
and a short syllable. 

Trog'lodyte (-cirt), n. one who 
dwells in a cave. 

Troll (tr5l), V. to roll; sing a 
catch or round; fish by let- 
ting the line drag through 
the water. 

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Trolley, n. the contact wheel 
of an electric railway car, 
also a car or a system of cars 
using it. 

Troriop, n. a slattern. 

Trom'bone, n. a deep-toned 
instrument of the trumpet 

Troop, n. a company: pi. sol- 
diers: — V.H. to collect or 
march in a body: -er^ 

Trope, n. figurative use of a 

Tro'phy, n. a memorial of 

Trop'ic, n. one of the two cir- 
cles parallel to the equator, 
at which the sun turns back. 

Trop'ical, a. figurative; relat- 
ing to the tropics. 

Trot, H. a quick pace of a 
horse: trot, v. 

Troth (troth), n. truth, faith. 

TroulMLdour, n. a wandering 

Trouble, v.a. to disturb, vex: 
trouble, n.: -some, a.: 
troublous, a. 

Trough (trdf), n. a long tray. 

Trounce, v.a. to flog. 

Trou'sers, n.pL pantaloons. 

Trousseau' (trod-soO, n. a 
bride's outfit. 

Trout, n. a speckled fish. 

Tro'ver, n. action to recover 
the value of personal goods. 

Trow (trd), v.n. to believe. 

Trow'el, n. a tod to spread 
mortar, &c. 

Tr03r'-welght, n. a weight 
used by goldsmiths. 

Tru'ant, n. a child who stays 
from school without leave, 
an idler: tru'ancy, n. 

Truce, n. a suspension of hos- 

Truck, V. to barter; use a 
truck or cart: — n. barter; a 
barrow; strong cart; small, 
solid wh^. 

Truc'kle, v. to yield servilely. 

Truclde-bed, ». trundle-bed. 

Tru'culent, a. fierce, cruel: 
tru'culence, n. 

Trudge, v.h. to walk heavily. 

True (troo), a. not false, real, 
faithful, honest: truly, ad. 

Truf'fle, n. a fungus found in 
the soil of woods. 

Tru'ism, n. self-evident truth. 

Trump, n. a trumpet; winning 
card: — v. to play a trump 
card upon; devise. 

Trum'pery, n. worthless fin- 
ery; trash. 

Trum'pet, ». an instrument 
of music: — v. a. to proclaim 
loudly: -er, n. 

Trun'cate, v.a. to cut off, 
maim: trunca'tion, n. 

Trun^cheon (-shun), n. staff. 

Trun'dle, v. to roll: — n. roller. 

Trun'dle-bed, n. low bed that 
runs on rollers. 

Trunk, n. body without the 
limbs, stem; box for clothes; 
probc^ds of an dephant. 

Tnmnlon (-yun), n. knob on 
the side of a cannon. 

Truss, H. a bandage for rup- 
ture; bundle: — vuj. to bind 
or pack up. 

Trust, n. confidence, credit; 
a union of corporations or 
business houses under one 
direction for common prof' 
it: — V. to confide in, befieve, 
hope; sell upon credit. 

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Trustee', n. one holding prop- 
erty for another. 

Trusfy, a. fit to be trusted: 
trust'worthy, a. 

Truth, n. something true, ve- 
racity, a fact: -ful, a. 

Try» V. to endeavor; examine. 

Tryst (trist), n. an engagement 
to meet. 

Tube. n. a pipe, cjtoider: ajs. 
tuimlar, tutmlous. 

Ttt'ber, n. a rounded root, as 
a potato: ajs. -ous, -ose'. 

Tu^bercle, n. small swelling: 
ajs. tuber'cular, -culous. 

Tuberculo'sis, n. tubercular 
disease, as of the lungs. . 

Tttck, n. a fold in dress: — v.a. 
to fold under, press in. 

Tues'day, n. 3d day of week. 

Tuft, n. a bunch of hair, grass, 
&c.: tuff ed, a. 

Tug, V. to pull with effort: 
— n. a hara puU: tow-boat. 

Tui'tion, n. schooling. 

Tulip, n. plant and its flower. 

Tunrble, v. to fall, roll about. 

Tuml>ler, n. one that tum- 
bles; a drinking-glass. 

Tumlsrel, n. a cart; ducking- 

Tu'mefy, v.a. to swell: tume- 
fac'tion, n. 

Ttt'mid, a. swelled, puffed up. 

Tu'mor, n. a morbid swelling. 

Tu'mult, n. a noisy, violent 
commotion: tumultuous, a 

Tu'mulus, n. a mound. 

Tun, n. a large cask; 4 hop;s- 
heads or 252 gallons (wine 

Tune, n. melodious tones or 
notes; harmonv: — vui. to 
put in tune: -ful, a. 

Tu'nic, n. a kind of loose 
frock; a membranous cov- 
ering or layer. 

Tun'nel, n. a funnel; way cut 
through a hill: — v. to make 
a tunnel through. 

Tur'ban, n. Eastern head- 
dress: roimdhat. 

Tur1)ia, a. muddy, not clear. 

TUr1>inated, a. top-shaped. 

Ttu-'bine (-bin), n. a kind of 

Tur1>ot, n. a flat fish. 

Ttu-luilent, a. disorderly, ri- 
otous: turHmlence, n. 

Tureen% n. a deep vessel for 

Ttirf, n. a sod, peat; race- 

Turges'cent, a. swelling. 

Tur'gid, a. swollen, bombas- 
tic: turgid'ity, n. 

Turkey, n. a kind of fowl. 

Tur'moil, n. tumult. 

Turn, V. to move round; 
change: turn, n. 

Tum'coat, n. one who for- 
sakes his party or principles. 

Tur'nip, n. an esculent root. 

Tum'key, keeper in a prison. 

Tum'pike, n. a toll-gate; a 
toll-gate road; highway. 

Tum'stile, n. a revolving X- 
shaped firame in a path or 

Tur^pentine, n. a resinous 
juice from pine, &c. 

Tur'pitude, n. vileness. 

Tur'quoise, n. a blue mineral. 

Tur'ret, n. small tower: -ed, a. 

Tur'tle, n. dove; sea-tortoise. 

Tusk, fi. a long, pointed tooth. 

Tus'sle, n. & v. scuffle. 

Tu'telage, n. gutuxlianship. 

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Tu'telar, tu'telary, a. pro- 
tecting, gimrdian. 

Tu'tor, n. a teacher: — v.a. to 
teach, instruct, train. 

Tu'toress, n. female tutor, 

Twad'dle ftwodl), n. ally, te- 
dious talk. 

Twain, a. & n. tm). 

Twanfe n. sharp, ringing 
sound: twang, v. 

Tweak, n. & v. twitch. 

Tweed, n. a twilled woollen 

Twee'zers, n. nippo^. 

Twelfth, a. next after the 

Twelve'month, n. a year. 

Twice, ad. two times. 

Twig, n. small shoot or Inanch, 
as of a tree. 

Twi'light, n. dim light before 
sunrise and after sunset. 

Twill, v.a. to weave with diag- 
onal lines. 

Twin, n. one of two bom at 
the same birth. 

Twine, v. to twist, wind: — n. 
a twisted cord. 

Twinge, n. a gripe, sudden 
sharp pain: twinge, v.n. 

Twinge, v. & n. sparkle. 

Twirl, n. &. v. whirl. 

Twist, V. to twine; bend spi- 
rally: — n. a twisted thread 
or cord. 

Twit, v.a. to taunt, reproach. 

Twitch, H. & v.a. jerk. 

Twifter, v. to chirp, as birds. 

Two, a. one and one. 

Tym'panum, n. middle por- 
tion of the ear; drum of the 

Type, n. emblem, symbd; 
stamp, sort; printing letter or 

Type'-metal, n. an alloy of 
lead, tin, antimony, &c. 

Type'writer, n. a machine 
that writes in type under 
pressure on keys; the oper- 
ator of the machine: type'- 
writing, n. 

Ty'phoio, a. resembling ty- 
phus, as a kind of infectious 

Typhoon', n. violent tornado. 

T/phus, n. a deadly fever. 

Typ'ify, v.a. to show in em- 
blem, betoken: typical, a. 

Typ'ist (tip'-), n. one who 
operates a typewrita:. 

l^pog'raphy (ti-), ». the art 
of printing: typog'rapher, 
n.: ajs. typograph'ic, typo- 

Tyran'nicide, ». the killing or 
the killer of a tyrant. 

T/rant, n. a cruel, despotic 
ruler: tyran'nical, a.: tyr'- 
annize, vm.: tyr'anny, n. 

Ty'ro, ». a beginner. 

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tJbiq'Qity (y56-bik'wl-), n. ex- 

isteoce everywhere at once: 

ubiq'QitottB, a. 
Ud'der, n. milk-bag of a cow. 
U^y, a. offensive to the sight; 

ill-tempered, threatening. 
Ul'cer, n. a sore discharging 

pus: -ate, v.: -a'tion» n. 
Ulte'rior, a. further, remoter. 
Ul'timate, a. last, furthest. 
Ultima'tum, n. last offer. 
Ul'tra, a. beyond, extreme. 
Ultramarine' (-ren'), n. deep 

blue pigment. 
Ultramon'tane, a. beyond the 

mountains, ('.«., the Alps. 
Ultramun'dane, a. beyond 

the world. 
Ul'ulate, v.n. to howl, wail. 
Vm'bel, n. flower-head with 

stalks radiatin|: from a 

centre: umbelliferous, a. 

bearing umbeb. , 

Umlier, n. a brown pigment. 
Umbilical, a. of the navel. 
Um'brace, n. shade; offence. 
UmlnnEi'ceous, a. shady. 
UmhrelOa, n. a screen from 

rain or sunlight. 
Um'pire^ n. a third person 

called m to decide a dispute. 
Un, a prefix meaning not, 

want of, or the reverse of. 

Many words in «» not m 

this book may thus be read- 
ily explained. 
Unaccountable, inexplicaUe. 
Unaffecf ed, a. not affected, 

simile, natural. 
Unan'imous, a. being of one 

mind: unanimity, n. 

Unassum'ing, a. modest. 

Unawares', ad. unexpectedly. 

Unbar', v.a. to remove a bar 

Unbelief, n. disbelief, esp. in 
divine revelation. 

Unbend', v. to stra^hten: re' 
lax: -ing, a. inflexible', rigid. 

Unbind', v.a. to loose, untie. 

UnboB'om (-bfifiz'um), v.a. to 
relieve by disclosure; tell 

Unbuckle, vui. to undo the 
buckles of. 

Unbur'den, v.a. to disburden. 

Unbuf ton, v.a. to undo the 
buttons of. 

Uncer'tain, a. doubtful; pre- 
carious: -ty, n. 

Unchain', v.a. to free from 

Unclaq>', vm. to loose the 
clasp of. 

Un'cle, n. a father's or moth- 
er's brother. 

Unclose', v.a. to open. 

Uncoil', VM. to unwind the 
coils of. 

Uncondi'tional (-dish'un-al), 
a. without conditions. 

Uncon'scionable(-shun-a-bl) , 
a. unreasonable. 

Uncouple (-kupl), v.a. to 
disjoin, as a couple. 

Uncouth', a. odd, awkward. 

Uncov'er, v. to divest of cov- 

Unc'tfon, n. ointment; fervor. 

Uncfuous, a. oily, greasy. 

Undeceive', v.a. to rid of de- 

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Undeni'able, a. not to be de- 

Un'der, prep., ad. & a. below. 

Underbid', v. to bid less than. 

Un'derbrush, n. shrubs grow- 
ioflr under trees. 

Undterdone', a. cooked rare. 

Undergo', v.a. to experience. 

Unde^rad'uate, n. a student 
not graduated. 

Un'dercround, a. boieath the 
surface of the ground. 

Un'dergrowth, n. underlmish. 

Underhand', a. secret, crafty. 

Underlay^, vm. to lay under. 

Underlet', vm. to sublet. 

Underlie', v.a. to lie under. 

Underline', vm. to draw a 
line under. 

Un'derling, n. a subordinate. 

Undermine', v. to dig under; 
destroy the foundations of. 

Underneath' (-n6/A'), prep. 
& ad. beneath. 

Underpin', v.a. to i^ace some- 
thing (as stone) under to 
support: un'derpinning, n. 

Underrate', v. to rate too low. 

Underscore', v. to underline. 

Undersell', vui. to sell cheap- 
er than. 

Un'dershot, a. moved (as a 
wheel) by water beneath. 

Undersign', v.a. to sign under. 

Understand', v. to compre- 
hend: -ing, n. the thinking 
faculty, sense, comprehen- 
sbn; agreement of minds. 

Understate', vui. to state too 

Un'derstrapper, n. undeiiing 

Undertake', v. to take on one's 
sdf as a task; attempt; ven- 
ture; guarantee. 

Un'dertaker, n. one who un 
dertakes; one whose busi- 
ness it is to manage funerals. 

Undertak'ing, n. enterprise. 

Un'dertone, n. a low tone. 

Un'dertow, n. current bdow. 

Underval'ue, v. to underrate. 

Un'derwear, n. garments 
worn under outer clothing. 

Un'derwood, n. shrubs, &c., 
growing under forest trees. 

Underwrite', vm. to insure. 

Undo' (-d66'), VM. to reverse 
what has been done; loose; 
ruin: undo'ing, n. 

Undress', vm. to divest of 
clothes: — n. loose dress. 

Undue', a. improper. 

Un'dulate, v. to move or form 
in waves: undula'tion, n.: 
un'dulatory, a. 

Unduly, ad. improperiy. 

Unearm', vm. to dig up; dis- 

Unearthly, a. supernatural. 

Unea'sy, a. ill at ease, dis* 
turbed: unea'siness, n. 

Unezcep'tionable, a. faultless. 

Unfasfen (-fas'n), vm. to un- 
do the fastenings of. 

Unfath'omable, a. not to be 
fothomed, very deep. 

Unfeel'ing, a. void oi feding, 

Unfef ter, v. to rid of fetters. 

Unfif , VM. to disqualifjr. 

Unfix', V. to loose the ibang of. 

Unfold', v.a. to open, reveal. 

Unfurl', v.a. to spread out. 

Ungainly, a. awkward. 

Ungird', vm. to loose from a 

Un'guent (ung'gwent), n. an 

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Unhallowed, a. unholy. I 
Unhandy vm. to take the 

hands off. 
Unhar'ness, v.a. to loose from 

Unhinge', v.a. to take from 

the hinges. 
Unhitch', vm. to unloose. 
Unhorse', v.a. to throw from 

a horse. 
U'nicorn, n. a fabulous ani- 
mal with one horn. 
Unifica'tion, n. a uniting so 

as to become one. 
U'niform, a. having one form; 

always or all auke: — n. a 

fixed dress for all alike, as 

for soldiers, police, nurses, 

&c.: uniform'ity, n. 
Unimpeach'able,a. Uameless. 
Un'ion (un'yun), n. a uniting; 

concord; a confederacy. 
Unique' (u-nek'), a. without 

a like or equal. 
U'nison, n. agreement of 

sounds; accord, harmony. 
Unis'onant, unis'onous, a. 

in unison: unis'onance, n. 
U'nit, n. one, a single thing or 

person; thing taken as one. 
Unita'rian, n. one who holds 

that God exists in one per- 
son only: -isni, n. 
Unite', V. to join together. 
U'nity, n. state of bong one; 

any quantity taken as one; 

concord, agreement. 
U'nivalve, a. with one valve. 
Univer'sal, a. comprising all, 

genoal, total: -sal'ity, n. 
Univer'salism, n. doctrine of 

the salvation of all men. 
U'niverse, n. all created 

things; Uie woiid. 

Univer'sity, n. a seminary 
for all branches of learning. 

Univ'ocal, a. having one 
meaning only. 

Unkempr, a. not combed. 

Unlace', v.a. to undo the lac- 
ing of. 

Unlade', vm, to unload. 

Unlearn', v.a. to forget. 

Unless', conj. except. 

Unlef tered, a. illiterate. 

Unlim'ber, v. to remove the 
limbers from guns. 

Unload', v. to take a load from. 

Unlock', V. to undo the lock of. 

Unloose', v.a. to loosen. 

Unmake', v. to destroy, ruin. 

Unman', v.a. to deprive of 
manly qualities, weaken. 

Unman'nerly, a. ill-bred. 

Unmask', v.a. to strip of a 

Unmoor', v.a. to loose from 
being anchored. 

Unnerve', v.a. to deprive of 
vigor, weaken. 

Unpack', v.a. to take out. as 
things packed; open, rid of 

Unparliamenfary, a. con- 
trary to rules of legislative 

Unpeo'ple, v. to depopulate. 

Unpin', VM. to loose from pins. 

Unrav'el, v. to ravel out. 

Unrid'dle, v. to solve, explain. 

Unrig', v.a. to strip of rigging. 

Unriv'et, vui. to loose firom 

Unroll', V. to open out from 
a rolled state. 

Unruly, a. ungovernable. 

Unsad^ue, vm. to take off the 
saddle from. 

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Uniay', v.a. to retract. 
Un8crew% vui. to loose from 

Unseal', v.a. to break the seal 

of; open. 
Unsearch'able, a. not to be 

found out bv searching. 
Unsea'sonable, a. ill-timed, 

too late or too early. 
Uiueaf , VM. to throw from 

the seat. 
Unsettle, vm. to disturb. 
Unshaclde, vui. to free from 

Unsheathe' (-she/^O. v.a. to 

draw from the sheath. 
Unship% VM. to take out of a 

Unsishfly, a. ugly. 
Unsophis'ticated, a. pure, 

guileless, not adulterated. 
Unstring', v.a. to take the 

strings ofif; relax. 
Untie', v.a. to loose, unfasten. 
Until', prep, to, till. 
Untir'ing, a. indefatigable. 
Untow'ard, a. not easily 

guided; awkward; incon 

Untruth', n. a lie. 
Untwine', v. to untwist, dis- 
UntwisF, V. to bring or come 

out of a twisted state. 
Unvar'nished, plain, truthful. 
Unveil' (un-^'), v.a. to ; 

move the veil from, disclose. 
Unwar'ran table, a. indefen 

sible, not justifiable. 
Unwield'y (-w6ld'-), a. un 

manageable for size, &c. 
Unwindr (-wind'), v. to take 

or come out of the state of 

being wound. 

Unyoke', v.a. to loose from 
the yoke. 

Upbear', v.a. to sustain aloft. 

Upbraid', vm. to reproach. 

Upheave', v.a. to heave up: 
upheav'al, n. 

Uphill', a. ascending; difficult. 

Uphold', hold up, sustain. 

Uphol'ster (-h6l'-), v.a. to 
provide with hangings, cur- 
tains, furniture coverings, 
&c.: uphol'stery, n. 

Upland, n. high land. 

Upliff , VM. to raise aloft. 

Up'per, a. higho: in place, &c. 

Upraise', v.a. to raise up. 

Up'ri^t, a. erect; honest. 

Up'roar, n. a tumult, clamor. 

Uproof , v.a. to tear up by the 

Upsef , VM. to overturn. 

Up'shot,. n. conclusion. 

Up'start, n. one suddenly risen 
from low life to wealth, &c. 

Ura'nium, n. a hard metal. 

Uranog'raphy, uranol'ogy, 
». description of the heavens. 

U'ranus, n. a planet. 

UrlMUi, a. pertaining to a city. 

Urbane', a. polite, refined, 
dvil: tirban'ity, n. 

Ur'chin, n. a hedgehog; boy. 

Ure'thra, n. the duct for dis- 
charging the urine. 

Urge, V. to press earnestly, 
sol«:it, incite, entreat: tir'- 
gency, ».: nr'gent, a. 

U'rinal, n. a vessel for urine. 

U'rinate, v.n. to- void urine. 

U'rine (u'rfn), n. water from 
the bladder: u'rinary, a. 

Urn, n. a kind of vase. 

Ur'sine (-sin), a. pertaining 
to a bear. 

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U'sage, n. the common prac'tJ'sury (u'zhu-), «• fllegal in- 
dce; use; treatment. I terest: u'surer, ».: usu'- 

Use. (yus), n. employment;' rious, a. 
benefit; need. ,Uten'8il (u-ten'-), «. any in- 

tJse (yuz), VM. to put to some strument for use. 
purpose, emrioy; act to-U'terine (-In or -In), a. per- 
wards: — v. to be accustomed.' taining to the womb; bora 

Use'ful, a. serviceable. I of the same mother. 

Ush'er, n. a doorkeeper; one U'terus, n. the womb, 
who meets and idaces guests, I tJtilita'riaii» a. relating to use- 
an audience, &c.; a sub- fulness: — n. one who holds 
ordinate teacher: — v.a. to that the test of everything 
conduct, as an usher. is its utility: -ism, n. 

U'soal (u'-zhu-), a. conmion.lUtil'ity, n. usefulness, profit. 

Usucap'tion (u-zu-), «. title lU'tilize, vui. to put to use. 
by continued possession. lUfmost, a. extreme, furthest. 

U'sufruct (-ZU-), n. right ofUto'pian, a. fanciful, ideal, 
using. lUfter, v.a. to speak; to send 

Usurp' (u-zurpO, v.a. to .seize forth: -able, a.: -ance, n. 
and use illegally: -a' Hon, w.lUzo'rious, a. wife-loving. 

Va'cant, a. empty, unoccu- 
pied: va'cancy, n. 

Va'cate, v. to leave vacant. 

Vaca'tion, ». holiday recess. 

Vac'cinate (vak'sl-), v.a. to 
inoculate with cow-pox. 

Vac'cine (vak'sin or -sin), a. 
of or from cows. 

Vac'illate (vas'-), v.n. to 
waver, sway: vacilla'tion, n. 

Vacuity, n. emptiness, void. 

Vac'uum, n. empty space. 

Vag'abond, n. & a. vagrant. 

Vaga'ry, n. whim, freak. 

Vasi'na, n. the passage from 
the womb outward. 

Va'grant, n. a wandering 
beggar, vagabond: — a. wan- 
dering idly: va'grancy, n. 

Vague (vag), a. indefinite. 

Vain, a. fruitless, conceited. 
Vainglo'ry, «. empty pride: 

vainglo'rious, a. 
Val'ance, n. drapery about a 

Vale, n. valley. 
Valedic'tion, n. a saying fare- 
well: valeoic'tory, a. & ». 
VaFentine, n. a love-letter 

sent, or a lover chosen, on St. 

Valentine's day (Feb. 14th). 
Vale'rian, n. a jdant and its 

medicinal root. 
Val'et, n. a roan body-servant. 
Valetudina'rian, valetu'di- 

nary, a. sickly, weakly: — n. 

one in poor health. 
Val'iant (varyant), a. brave. 
Val'id, a. having legal force, 

strong: validity* n. 

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Vali8c'(-les'),«. travelling-bag. 

Val'ley, n. a hoUow between 

Val'or, n. bravery, prowess. 

Val'ue (val'yoo), n. worth, 
price, rate: — vui. to rate 
highly; estimate the worth 
of: val'iiable,a.: -iia'tion,». 

Valve, n. lid opening one wav; 
one of the pieces of a shell r 
valved, a.: val'vular, a. 

Vamp, n. upper leather of a 
shoe: — v.a. to mend. 

Vam'pire, n. a ghost which 
sucks the blood of the living 

Van, ». the front; a wagon. 

Van'dal, n. a destructive bar- 
barian: -ism, n. 

Vane, n. a slip of wood or 
me^ showing which way 
the wind blows. 

Van'guard, n. troops in ad- 
vance of an army. 

Vanil'la, n. a plant, its bean, 
and a flavoring extract from 
the bean. 

Van'ish, v.n. to become in- 
visible, fade away. 

Van'ity, n. empty pride, con- 
ceit; idle show. 

Van'quish (vangOcwish), v.a. 
to conquer: -er, n. 

Vap'id, a. spiritless, insipid. 

Va'por, n. gas from a fluid or 
solid heated, steam, mist: 
pl. nervous weakness: -ous, 
a.: vapora'tion (vap-), ».: 
vap'orize, v.: -iza'tion, n. 

Va'riable, a. changeable. 

Va'riance, n. disagreement. 

Varia'tion, n. a chEinge. 

Var'icose, a. swelled, as veins. 

Va'riesate, vui. to diversify 
with colors: variesa'tion, n. 

Vari'ety, n. change, diversity. 
Va'rioloid, n. a mild form of 

small-pox: vari'olous, a. 
Va'rious, a. different, seveital. 
Varlet, n. a footman, knave. 
Var'ni^ n. a liquid to form 

a lustrous coating. 
Va'ry, vui. to change, alter; 

make or be different. 
Vas'cular, a. pertaining to 

vessels, as veins, &c. 
Vase (vaz or vas), n. an orna- 
mental vessel. 
Vas'eline (-lin or -len), n. oily 

substance from petroleum. 
Vas'sal, n. a dependant: -age, 

n. servitude. 
Vat, n. a cistern, tank. 
Vatic'inate (va-tis'-), vm. to 

prophesy: vatic'uial, a.: 

vaticina'tion, n. 
Vault, n. an arched roof; 

arched cell: -ed, a. 
Vault, n. & v.n. leap. 
Vaunt, n. & v. boast. 
Veal, n. flesh of a calf. 
Vedette', «. cavalry sentinel. 
Veer, v. to turn, shift, change. 
Veg'etable, n. a plant, esp. 

one affording food. 
Vegeta'rian, n. one who eats 

only vegetables: -ism, n. 
Veg'etate, v.n. to grow, as 

plants: vegeta'tlon, n. 
Ve'hement, a. violent, ardent: 

ve'hemence, n. 
VeTiicle (-hl-kl), n. a carriage: 

vehic'ular, a. 
Veil (val), n. a thin cover for 

the face: — v.a. to cover. 
Vein (van), n. a tube to con- 
vey the blood; seam, streak, 

&c.; a turn of mind: — v.a. to 

mark with vdns. 

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Vellicate, v.a. to twitch. 

Venum, n. a fine parchment. 

Veloc'ipede (-losM, n. vehicle 
moved bv the rider's feet. 

Veloc'ity (-los'-). «• swiftness. 

Vel'vet, n. a cloth with a 
thick, soft nap: -y, a. 

Velveteen', n. stuff like velvet. 

Ve'nal, a. mercenary, sordid. 

Vend. v.a. to sell, offer for sale: 
-ible, a. Sin.: vendi'tion, n. 

Vendue', n. an auction. 

Veneer', v.a. to overlay with 
a thin leaf of valuable wood. 

Ven'erate, vm. to revere: 
ven'erable, a.: -a'tion, «. 

Vene'real, a. pertaining to 
sexual intercourse. 

Venesec'tion, n. blood-letting. 

Ven'^eance (-jans), n. injury 
inflicted for an injury, re- 
venge: venge'ful, a. 

Ve'nial, a. pardonable. 

Ven'ison (ven'zn or venl-zn), 
n. flesh of the deer, &c. 

Ven'om, n. poison; malice: 
-ous, a, 

Ve'nous, a. relating to veins. 

Vent, n. small openiog: — v.a. 
to emit, pour forth. 

Ven'tiduct, n. passage for air. 

Ven'tilate, v.a. to air; make 
known: ventila'tion, 
ven'tilator, n. 

Ven'tral, a. of the belly. 

Ven'tricle, n. small cavity in 
the body. 

Ventril'oquism, n. a speak- 
ing so that the voice seems 
to come from another: ven- 
tril'oquist, n. 

Venfure, v. to dare, hazard: 
— u. hazard, uncertain un- 
dertaking: -some, a. 

Ven'ue, n. j^ce or county 
where a trial is held. 

Ve'nus, n. the goddess of love; 
a planet. 

Vera'cious (-shus), a. truth- 
ful: verac'ity (-ras'-), n. 

Veran'da, n. open portico. 

Verb, n. a part of speech which 
affirms, &c. 

Ver'bal, a. oral, spoken. 

Verba' tiin, ad. word for word. 

Verbe'na, n. a plant. 

Ver'biage, n. excess of words. 

Verbose', a. using too many 
words, wordy: verbos'ity, n. 

Ver'dant, a. green: -ancy, n. 

Ver'dict, n. decision of a jur>'. 

Ver'digris (-gres), n. greenish 
rust of copper, &c. 

Verd'ure, n. green grass, &c. 

Verge, n. a rod; brink: — v.n. 
to border. 

Verier, n. church beadle. 

Ver'ify, v. a. to prove true: 
ver'ifiable, a.: -fica'tion, n. 

Ver'ily, ad. in truth. 

Verisim'ilar, a. probable. 

Verisimil'itude, n. likeness 
to truth, likelihood. 

Ver'itable, a. true, real. 

Ver'ity, n. truth, reality. 

Ver'juice, n. juice of green 
grai>cs, &c. 

Vermicelli, n. wheat paste 
in small round strips. 

Vermic'ular, a. worm-like. 

Vermic'ulate, v.a. to inlay so 
as to resemUe the tracks of 
worms: vermicula'tion, n. 

Ver'miform, a. worm-shaped. 

Ver'mifuge, n. a medicine to 
expel worms. 

Vermil'ion (-yun), n. a beau- 
tiful red cmor or pigment. 

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Ver'min, n. any small nox 
ious animal. 

Vermip'arous, a. producing 


Vemac'ular, a. of one's own 
country, native. 

Ver'nalya. pertaining to spring. 

Ver'nier (-nl-gr), ». a sliding 

Ver'satile (-til), a. changeable; 
apt at new things, ready. 

Verse, ». line of poetry; stan- 
za; short passage of iMX>se. 

Versed (verst), a. skilled. 

Ver'sify, v. to make or relate 
in verse: versifica'tion, n. 

Ver'don (-shun), n. a transla- 
tion; account. 

Ver'tebra, n. a joint of the 
spine: ver'tebral, a. 

Ver'tebrate, a. having a I 
jointed backbone: — «. an' 
animal with a backbone. 

Ver'tex, n. the top. 

Ver'tical, a. in the zenith; per- 

Vertig'inous, a. dizzy, giddy. 

Ver'tlgo, n. dizziness. 

Ver'y, a. true, real, same: — 
ad. extremely. 

Ves'icant, vesic'atory, ». a 
blistering {faster. 

Ves'icate, v.a. to blister: ves- 
ica'tion, n. 

Ves'icle, n. a little air-bladder: 
vesic^ular, a. 

Ves'per, n. evening star, even- 
ing: pi. evening service. 

Ves^I, n. utenal to hold any- 
thing; boat, ^p; tube, duct. 

Vest, n. a garment; waist- 
coat: — V. to clothe with pos- 
session; come to as the hdr. 

Ves'tal, a. relating to the vir- 
gin goddess Vesta; chaste. 

Ves'tiDule, n. a hall or porch 
next the entrance to a house. 

Ves'tige, n. footprint, trace. 

Vesf ment, n. a garment. 

Ves'try, n. a room in a church 
for vestments, vessels, &c.; 
a parochial assembly. 

Vesfure, «. clothing, dress. 

Vetch, H. a leguminous plant. 

Veteran, a. old in practice, 
as in war: — n. an old soldier. 

Veterinary, a. pertaining to 
domestic animals or their 
diseases and treatment. 

Ve'to, v.a. to forbid, withhdd 
assent to: ve'to, n. 

Vex, v.a. to harass, tease: -ac- 
tion, ».: -a'tious (-shus), a. 

Vi'able, a. capable of living. 

Vi'aduct, n. a bridge for a 
railroad, &c. 

Vi'al, ff. a small botde, phial. 

Vi'and, n. food, victuals. 

Vilirate, v. to move to and 
froLOScillate: vibra'tion, «.: 
vi'bratory, a. 

Vic'ar, n. a deputy; a priest 
who has only a portion of 
the parish dues: -Age, n. 

Vica'nous, a. done or suffered 
in i^ace of another. 

Vice, n. a fault, evil conduct; 
a device for gripping. 

Vice, a prefix meaning in place 
of another, or second in rank. 

Vice-ad'miral, n. the oflficer 
next under the admiral. 

Vicege'rent, n. one acting in 
I^ace of a superior. 

Vice'roy, n. one who governs 
in place of a king: ^cere'- 
gal, a.: viceroy^ty, n. 

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Vic'inage» n. neighborhood. 
Vicin'ity, n. nearness, neigh- 
Vic'ious (vish'us), a. addicted 

to vice, corrupt, bad. 
Vicis'situde* n. change. 
Vic'tim, n. one sacrificed: 

-ize» v.a. to cheat. 
Vic'tor, «. one who conquers: 

victo'rious, a.: vic'tory, n. 
Vicfual (viti), v.a. to store 

with food: -ler, n. 
Victuals (vitiz), food 
VideFicet, ad. namely, viz. 
Vie, v.n. to contest, contend. 
View (vu), v.a. to look at:- 

dght, scene; dedgn; opinion. 
VijTil, n. a watching. 
Vig'ilaiit, a. watchful, on the 

alert: ▼ig'ilance, n. 
Vignette' (vin-yetO, n. a small 

ornamental engraving. 
Vig'or.w. force, energy: -ous»a. 
Vile, a. base, mean. 
Vil'iiy, v.a. to defame: vili- 

fica'tion, n. 
Villa, n. a country mansion. 
Vil'lage, n. a small collection 

of houses: vil'lager, n. 
Vil^in (-lin), n. a scoundrel, 

rascal: villanotis, a.: vil'- 

lany, n. 
Villose', villotis, a. covered 

with soft, hairy fibres. 
Vinaigrette', n. a small bottle 

for aromatic salts, &c. 
Vin'dicate, v.a. to defend, 

justify: vindica'tion, n.: 

vin'dicative, a.: vin'dica- 

tor, ».: vin'dicatory, a. 
Vindicative, a. revengeful. 
Vine, n. a dunbing or trailing 

Vin'egar, n. an acki liquor. 

Vinc'yard (vin'-), n. a planta- 
tion of grape-vines. 

Vi'nous, a. of or like wine. 

Vinf age, n. the grape harvest 
or the time of it. 

Vinf ner, ». a wine-dealer. 

Vi'ol, n. a stringed instrument 
of the violin kind. 

Viola'ceous, a. like violets. 

Vi'olate, v.a. to injure; abuse; 
ravish; break: vi'olable, a.: 
viola'tion, ».: vi'olatOT, n. 

Vi'olent, a. furious, passion- 
ate; outrageous: -ence, n. 

Vi'olet, n. a plant and its 
flower; a light purple. 

Violin', n. a fiddle: violin'ist, 

Violoncello (ve-o-lon-chel'- 
lo), n. bass-viol: violoncel'- 

Vi'per, ». a venomous snake: 
-ous, a. 

Vira'go, n. a mannish or tur- 
bulent woman, a termagant. 

Vir'gin, n. a maiden: a. pure, 
chaste, fresh: -al, a.: vir- 
ginity, n. 

Virid'ity, ». greenness. 

Vir'ile (vfr'il), a. belonging to 
a man or male: viril'ity, n. 

Virtu' (vlr-t66'), n. the love of 
fine arts or curiosities. 

Virfual, a. in effect though 
not in fact. 

Vir'tue, n. moral goodness; 
female chastity; efficacy: 
virf uous, a. 

Virtuo'so (vIr-t66-6'-), ». a 
lover of or connoisseur in 
curiosities, &c.: pi. virtuo'- 
si, or virtuo'sos. 

Vir'ulent (vir'-), a. poisonous, 
malignant: vir'ulence, n. 

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Vi'rus, n. contagious or poi- 
sonous matter. 

Vis'age, n. the face. 

Vis'cera, entrails, intes- 
tines: vis'ceral, a. 

Vis'cid, vis'cous, a. sticky, 
glutinous: ns. viscid'ity, 

Vis'count (vl'kownt), n. a 
nobleman next below an 
earl: /em. vis'countess. 

Vise, n. a vice for gripping. 

Vis'ible, a. that may be seen. 

Vi'sion (vizh'un), n. sight; ap- 
parition in a dream. 

Vi'sionary, a. fanciful, unreal. 

Vis'it» v.a. to go to see: visit, 
».: -a'tion, n.: -or, n. 

Vis'or (viz'-), n. face of a 
helmet; a mask. 

Vis'ta, «. a view as through 
an avenue. 

Vis'ual, a. pertaining to sight. 

Vi'tal, a. pertaining to life; 
essential: vi'tals, 

Vitality, n. power or prin- 
ciple of life. 

Vi'talize, v. to impart life to. 

Vi'tiate (vish1-at), v. a. to im- 
pair, taint: vitia'tion, n. 

Vif reous, a. like glass, glassy. 

Vit'rify, v. to change into 
glass: vitrifac'tion, n.: vif- 
rifiable, a. 

Vif riol, n. sulphuric acid, or 
a compound of it: -ol'ic, a. 

Vitu'perate, v.a. to blame, 
abuse: vitupeia'tion, ».: 
vitu'perative, a. 

Viva'cious (-shus), a. lively: 
vivacity (-vas'-), n. 

Viv'id, a. lively, bright, clear. 

Viv'ify, v.a. to make alive, 
animate: vivifica'tion, n. 

Vivip'arous, a. bringing forth 
young alive. 

Vivisec'tion, n. dissection of 
a living ammal. 

Vix'en, n. a snappish woman. 

Viz'ard, n. & v.a. mask. 

Vizier (viz'ygr), «. the Turk- 
ish minister of state. 

Vo'cable, n. a word, term. 

Vocab'ulary, n. list of words, 

Vo'cal, a. having voice, oral: 
-ize, v.a.: vocallty, n. 

Vo'calist, n. a singer. 

Voca'tion, n. calling, employ- 
ment; business. 

Voc'ative, a. used in speak- 
ing to. 

Vociferate, v. to cry loudly: 
-a'tion, ».: vociferous, a. 

Vogue (vog), n. fashion; pop- 
luar use. 

Voice, n. sound firom the 
mouth; utterance; vote. 

Void, a. unoccupied, empty; 
not binding: n. empty space. 

Void, v.a. to emit; nullify. 

Volant, a. flying. 

Vofatile, a. apt to evaporate; 
flighty, fickle: volatility, 
».: voratilize, vm. 

Voica'no, n. mountain which 
ejects fire and lava: pi. vol- 
ca'noes: volcanic, a. 

Voli'tion (-lish'un), n. act or 
power of willing or choosing. 

Volley, n. a discharge of 
many shot at once. 

Volt (v6lt), n. the unit of 
electromotive force. 

Vol'uble, a. rolling easily, 
fluent in speech: volubil- 
ity, n. 

Vol'ume, n. a book; bulk. 

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Volu'minous, a. consisting of 
many books; bulky, copious. 

Voruntary, a. by free choice 
or will; — n. an air played at 

Volunteer', n. one who of his 
own free will enters any ser- 
vice: V. to offer voluntarily. 

Volup'tuous, a. given to ex- 
cess of pleasure, sensual, 
luxurious: volup'tuary, n. 

Volute', n. a spiral scroll. 

Vom'it, V. to eject from the 
stomach: vom'it, n. 

Vora'ciou^ (-shus), a. greedy, 
ravenous: vorac'ity, n. 

Vor'tex, n. a whirlpool, whirl: 
pi. VOT'tices (-sez), or vor'- 
tezes: vor'tical, a. 

Vo'tary, ». one devoted to any 

Vote, n. choice; ballot: vote, v. 

Vo'tive, a. vowed. 

Vouch, V. to attest, warrant. 

Vouch'er. n. one that vouches. 

Vouchsafe', v. to condescend 
to grant, concede. 

Vow, n. solemn promise. 

Vow'el, n. a simple sound 
made through an open posi- 
tion of the mouth-channd. 

Vo3r'age,«. & v. journey by sea. 

Vul'canize, v.a. to combine 
with sulphur by heat, as in- 

Vul'gar, a. common, mean, 
low: — «. the common peo- 
ple: -ism, «.: vulgar'ity, n. 

Vurnerable, a. that may be 

Vul'nerary, healing wounds. 

Vul'pine (-pin), a. fox-like. 

Vult'ure, n. a large, rapacious 
bird: vulf urine (-rin), a. 


Wab'ble (wobi), v.n. to move 

unsteadily from side to side. 
Wad (wod), n. mass of soft 

matter for packing, &c. 
Wad'ding (wod'ing), n. stuff 

for wads; sheets of cotton. 
Wad'dle (wodl), v.n. to walk 

like a duck. 
Wade, v.n. to walk through 

water, &c. 
Wa'fer, n. a thin cake; dried 

W paste to seal letters, 
af'fle (wofl), n. a sort of 
Waft, V. to make float. 
Wag, V. to move to and fro: — 
n. a joker, wit: wag'gish, a. 
Wage, VM. to carry on. 

Wa'ger, «. & v. bet. 
Wa'ges, hire. 
Wag'on, n. a four-wheeled 

vehicle: -er, n. 
Waif, «. thing found astray. 
Wail, V. & n. moan, lament. 
Wain, n. a wagon. 
Wain'scot, n. panelled wood 

lining a room. 
Waist, n. part just above the 

hips; middle part. 
Waisf coat, n. close inner coat. 
Wait, V. to stay for, attend. 
Waif er, n. table attendant. 
Waive, v.a. to relinquish. 
Wake, V. to awake: — ». a 

watching; a ship's track: 

walcen, v.: wake'ful, a. 

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Wale, n. a raised streak from 
a stroke; stripe, ridge. 

Walk (wawk), v.n. to move 
by steps: walk, n. 

Wall, n. a stone or brick fence. 
&c.: side of a room: — v.a. to 
enclose with a wall. 

Wal'let (wol'-), n. a little bag; 
pocket-book for money. 

Wall'-eye, n. an eye with a 
whitish iris. 

Wal'lop, V. to boil; beat. 

Wallow, V. to roll in mire. 

Wal'nut, n. tree and its nut. 

Wal'rus, n. a sea animal. 

Waltz, n. a revolving dance, 
or the music for it: waltz, v. 

Wam'pum, n. strings or belts 
of shells used by the Indians 
as monev. 

Wan (won), a. pale. 

Wand (wond), n. a slender 

Wan'der (won'-)i v.n. to 
ramble; be delirious. 

Wane, v.n. to decrease, de- 
cline: wane, n. 

Want, V. & ». lack, desire. 

Wan'ton (won'tun), a. roving 
loosely, frolicsome, licen- 
tious: — v.n. to sport, revel: 
— n. a lewd person. 

War, ft. open hostility between 
nations: — v.n. to make war. 

Warble, v. to sing, as a bird. 

Ward, V. to g^ard; parry: — n. 
guard; division of a city, 
hospital, &c.; one under a 
guardian; part of a lock: -er, 
n. keeper, guard. 

War'den, n. keeper, chief of- 

Ward'robe, «. a closet for 
clothes; clothes. 

Ward'-room, n. officers' mess- 
room; room for the voters in 
a ward. 

Wareliouse, n. storehouse 
for goods. 

War'Kure, n. military service. 

Warm, a. moderately hot. 

Warn, v.a. to caution. 

Warp, n. thread that runs 
lengthwise in woven goods. 

Warp, V. to twist out of shape; 
bend, swerve. 

War'rant (wor'-), v. to guar- 
antee, insure, authorize: — 
n. that which authorizes; 
writ for arresting a person. 

War Yen (wor'-), n. ground 
kept for rabbits, &c. 

War'rior, n. a brave soldier. 

Wart, n. a small, hard excres- 
cence on the skin. 

Wa'ry, a. cautious. 

Wash (wosh), v. to cleanse 
with water: wash, n. 

Wash'er, n. a flat ring under 
a linch-pin, &c. 

Wash'y, a. watery, weak. 

Wasp (wosp), n. a stinging in- 
sect: -ish, a. irritable. 

Was'sail (wos'il), n. a health 
or toast; festive drinking- 
party or drink: was'sail, v. 

Waste, a. desolate, unculti- 
vated, worthless: — n. loss; 
desolate tract: — v. to wear 
away, spoil and destroy; 
spend foolishly: -ful, a. 

Watch (woch), v. to keep 
guard, keep in view: — ». 
close observation; sentry; 
time of watching; pocket 
timepiece: -ful, a.: -man, n. 

Watch'word, n. password to 
be given to a sentry. 

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Wa'ter (waw'-), n. a well- 
known fluid; lustre of a dia- 
mond: — VM. to supply with 

Wa'ter-col'or, n. paint 
worked up with water. 

Wa'ter-logged (-logd), a. 
soaked or heavy witn water. 

Wa'terman, n. a boatman. 

Wa'ter-spouty n. a moving 
column of water due to 
whirlwind at sea. 

Wa'tery, a. like water. 

Watt (wat), n. a unit of elec 
tfical force. 

Wat'tle, ». a twig: pi. barbs of 
flesh below a cock's bill:- 
VM. to bind with twigs. 

Waul, v.n. to cry as a cat. 

Wave, n. a moving swell of 
water: — v. to move like a 
wave: wa'vy, a. like waves. 

Wa'ver, v.n. to be unsteady, 

Wax, n. a thick, tenacious sub- 
stance: — v.a. to smear with 
wax: — v.n. to grow: -en, a. 

Way, n. a road, course, mode. 

Way'-bill, n. a list of passen- 
gers or goods carried. 

Way'farer, n. a traveller. 

Way'lay, v. to lie in wait for. 

Wa3r'ward, a. fro ward, wilful. 

Weak, a. feeble: -ly, a. & ad.: 
weak'eti (wek'n), v.a. 

Weal, n. happiness, prosperity. 

Wealth, n. riches: -y, a. 

Wean, v.a. to accustom to do 
without the breast. 

Weap'on (wep'n), n. instru- 
ment of offence or defence. 

Wear (wair), v. to carry on the 
body; consume by use; put 
a ship on another tack. 

Wear, weir (wer), n. a dam, 
fence of stakes to catch fish. 

Wea'ry (we'rif), a. fatigued, 
tired: wea'risome, a. 

Wea'sand, n. windpipe. 

Wea'sel, n. a small animal. 

Weath'er, n. state of the air: 
— v.a. to pass to the wind- 
ward of; endure. 

Weath'ercock, n. a vane. 

Weath'er-gage, n. the advan- 
tage of the wind. 

Weave, v.a. to unite threads 
so as to form cloth. 

Wea'zen, a. lean, withered. 

Web, n. anvthing woven; film, 
skin: webbed (webd), a. 

Wed, V. to marry: -ding, «. 

Wedge (wej), n. piece of met- 
al or wood to split with: — 
vui. to fasten by wedges. 

Wedlock, n. marriage. 

Wednes'day (wenrda), n. 
4th day of the week. 

Wee, a. little. 

Weed, n. a wild or useless 
herb: pl. a mourning dress: 
— v.a. to rid of weeds: -y, a. 

Week, n. seven days: -ly, a. 

Week'day, n. day not Sunday. 

Ween, v.n. to think. 

Wee'vil (-vl), n. an insect in- 
jurious to wheat, &c. 

Weft, n. the woof of cloth. 

Wei^h (wa), v. to find the 
weight of; ponder; have 

Weignt, n. heaviness: -y, a. 

Weird (werd), a. unearthly. 

Wercome, a. gladly received: 
— n. kind reception: — v.a. 
to greet kindly. 

Weld, v.a. to beat into firm 
union when heated. 

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Wel'fare, «. prosperity. 

Werkin, n. the sky. 

Well, ». a deep pit for water: 
— v.n. to issue forth: — a. in 
health: — ad. not ill. 

Well'-be'ing, n. welfare. 

Well-nigh' (-ni'), ad. nearly. 

Welsh-rab'bit, ». a dish of 
melted cheese on toast. 

Welt, n. a hem or edging. 

Werter, v.n. to roil, wallow. 

Wen, n. a fleshy excrescence. 

Wench, n. a young woman. 

Wend, v.a. to go. 

West, ». the quarter where 
the sun sets: west, a.&ad.: 
-erly, a. & ad. towards the 
west: -em, a.: -ward, ad. 

Weth'er, n. a castrated ram. 

Wef -nurse, n. one who suck- 
les the child of another. 

Whale, ft. largest sea-animal. 

Whale'boneyW. substance from 
the whale'.gt upper jaw. 

Wharf, n. a place to lade and 
unlade vessels. 

Wharfage, n. wharf fees. 

Wharfinger (-jer), n. one 
who has charge of a wharf. 

Whatever, pron. what of any 
kind or at all. 

Whaf not, «. a stand with 
shelves for ornaments, &c. 

Wheat, n. a grain: -en, a. 

Whee'dle, v.a. to flatter, coax. 

Wheel, n. a circular frame 
that turns on an axle: — v. to 
move on wheels; turn round. 

Wheel'barrow, n. a hand- 
carriage with one wheel. 

Wheerwright (rit), n. a mak- 
er of wheeb, &c. 

Wheeze, v. to breathe noisily. 

Whelm, v.a. to cover. 

Whelp, «. a puppy or cub. 

Whence, ad. from what place. 

Whenever, whensoever, ad. 
at whatever time. 

Where'abouts, ad. near which 
jrface: — n. general location. 

Wnereas', conj. since, as. 

Wherebjr', ad. by which. 

Where'fore, ad. why. 

Whereof, ad. of which. 

Wherever, ad. in whatever 

Wner'ry, n. a light boat used 
on rivers. 

Whet, v.a. to sharpen by fub- 
bing; stimulate: -stone, n. 

Whem'er, pron. which of two: 
— conj. if either; if. 

Whey (hwa), n. watery part 
of milk. 

Whiflf, n. a puflF, gust. 

Whiffle, V. to veer, be fickle. 

Whif fletree, n. whippletree. 

Whig, n. one of a political par- 
ty: whig'gery, n. 

While, n. time: — v.a. to pass. 

Whim, n. a freak. 

Whim'per, v.n. to cry and 
whine in a low voice. 

Whim'sey (-rf). n. a freak, 
odd fancy: wnim'sical, a. 

Whine, v.n. to lament plain- 
tively: — n. a nasal, plamtive 

Whin'ny, v. to cry, as a horse. 

Whip'pletree, n. a bar to 
wMch the traces of a cart, 
&c., are fastened. 

Whip'poorwill, n. an Ameri- 
can bird. 

Whir, n. a sound from rapid 
whirling: — v. to hum, buzz. 

Whirl, V. to turn round rapid- 
ly: whirl, n. 

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Whirrigig, n. a child's toy. 

Whirrpool, n. vortex of water. 

Whirlwind, ». whirling wind. 

Whisk, V. to move with a 
quick sweeping motion: — 
n. a small broom; a whisk- 
ia^ motion. 

WhisHcer, n. hair on the cheek. 

Whiskey, n. a spirit distilled 
from grain, &c. 

Whis'per, v. to utter softiy, 
speak low: whis'per, n. 

Whist, a. silent: — n. a game 
at cards. 

Whis'tle Oiwisa), v.n. to make 
a shrill musical sound: — ». 
shrill musical sound; instru- 
ment to whisde with. 

Whit, n. a bit, jot. 

White, a. of the color of snow. 

White'wash, n. whiting or 
lime and water to whiten 
ceilings, &c.: white' wash, v. 

Whith'er, ad. to what place 

Whif ing, n. pulverized chalk 

Whif ish, a. somewhat white 

Whif leather, leather dressed 
with alum; a whitish tough 

Whiflow, n. tumor on a fin 
ger, &c. 

Wnif tie, V. to cut with a knife. 

Whiz, H. & v.n. buzz, whir. 

Whole (hoi), a. all, total, en- 
tire, sound: n. all of a thing. 

Whole'sale, n. sale of goods 
by the whole piece or large 
quantity: whole'sale, a. 

Whole'some, a. healthful. 

Whol'ly (holll), ad. totally. 

Whoop (hoop), n. & v.n. 
shout, hallo. 

Whoop'ing-cough, n. a con 
vulsivc cough of children. 

Whore (hor), n. a strumpet. 

Whorl, ». leaves in a circle 
round the stem. 

Whor'tleberry (hwur'tl), n, 
the huckleberry. 

Wick, n. cord of a candle, &c. 

Wick'ed, a. sinful, vicious. 

Wick'er, a. made of twigs. 

Wick'et, n. a small gate. 

Wide, a, broad, extensive: 
wi'den (wi'dn), v. 

Wid'geon (wij'un), n. a wa- 
terfowl allied to the duck. 

Wid'ow, n. a woman whose 
husband is dead: — v.a. to 
bereave of a husband. 

Wid'ower, n. a man whose 
wife is dead. 

Width, n. breadth. 

Wield (weld), v. to rule; man- 
age; exercise or use at will. 

Wife, n. a married woman: pi. 

Wig, n. a covering of false hair 
for the head. 

Wight, n. a person. 

Wig'wag, v. to signal with a 

Wigwam, n. Indian's cabin. 

Wild, a. not tame or culti- 
vated; violent: — ». unculti- 
vated tract. 

Wil'demess, n. a wild tract. 

Wild'fire, n. an inflammable 

Wile, n. a crafty device, trick. 

Wil'ful, a. wayward. 

Will, n. the faculty of choos- 
ing; choice; testament: — v. 
to determine; give by will: 
-ing, a. not averse. 

Willow (-16), ». a tree: -y, a. 

Wilt, v.n. to droop. 

Wi'ly, a. artful, sly. 

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Wim'ble, n. a boring-tool. 
Win, V. to gain. 
Wince, v.n. to shrink, start. 
Winchp H. a crank-handle. 
Wind (wind), m. air in motion. 
Wind (wind), v. to coil, turn, 

move spirally, &c.; sound, as 

a horn. 
Wind'fall, «. fruit blown of! 

by the wind; unexpected gift. 
Wind-flower, n. the anemone. 
Wind'gall, n. a soft swelling 

near the fetlock. 
Wind'ing-sheet (wind'-), n. a 

shroud for the dead. 
Windlass, n. a machine to 

raise weights. 
Wind'mill, n. a mill turned 

by wind. 
Win'dow, n. an opening for 

light, &c. 
Wind'pipe, n. the passage for 

the breath, trachea. 
Wind'row, n. hay raked into 

a row. 
Wind'ward, ad. toward the 

Wine, ». fermented juice of 

the grape, &c. 
Wing, n. limb of a bird; side: 

— vui. to transport by wings; 

wound in the wing. 
Wink, v.n. to move the eye- 
lids quickly; connive. 
Win'now, v. to blow off the 

chaff from, fan, sift. 
Win'some, a. cheerful, merry 
Win'ter, n. the cold season of 

the year: — v.n. to pass the 

winter: — v.a. to feed through 

the winter: win'try, a. 
Win'tercreen, n. an evergreen 

plant with an aromatic 


Win'terkill, v.a. to kill by the 
cold of winter. 

Wi'ny, a. like wine. 

Wire, n. metal drawn into a 
thread: wi'ry, a. 

Wireless, a. operating with- 
out wires, as a telegraphic 

Wise, a. sagacious, able to 
judge righdy: — n. way, man- 
ner: wis'dom, n. 

Wise'acre, n. a would-be wise 

Wish'ful, a. longing, desirous. 

Wi^, n. a handful of hay, &c. 

Wisf fill, a. thoughtful; wish- 

Wit, n. quickness of fancy; 
a striking ludicrous idea; 
sense, understanding; man 
of genius: to wit, namely: 
wirty, a. 

Witch, n. a woman who prac- 
tises sorcery: -craft, ». 

Witch'ery, n. fascination. 

Withal' (-awl'), ad. along with 
the rest. 

Withdraw', v. to take back, 
retire: -al, n. 

Withe, n. flexible twig: -y, a. 

With'er, v. to fade, dfy up. 

With'ers, the ridge near 
the base of a horse's neck. 

Withhold', VM. to keep back. 

Withstand', v.a. to oppose. 

Witless, a. siUy, fool^h. 

Wif ling, n. pretender to wit. 

Wif ness, n. testimony; one 
who bears testimony or who 
sees or knows: — v. to be a 
witness of; see. 

Wif ticism, «. witty remark. 

Wiftingly, ad. knowingly. 

Wiz'ard, n. a conjurer. 

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Wiz'ened, a. shrivelled. . Workliouse* n. almshouse. 
Woad (w6d), n. a plant used World (wurld), n. the earth; 

as a blue dye-stuff. 

Woe (w6), n. deep grief, sor- 
row: wo'ful, a. 

Woeliegone, a. woful. 

Wolf» n. a fierce wild animal: 

Wpl. wolves: wolf'ish, a. 
om'an (wfi6m'-), n. a grown 
human female: pi. wom'en 
(wim'-): wom'anly, a.: 
wom'anhood, n. 

Womb (wOOm), n. place of the 
young in the modier. 

Won'der, n, amazement; a 
marvel: — v. to be amazed: 
-ful» a.: won'drous, a. 

Wont (wunt), n. custom, habit. 

Wont, wonfed, a. accus- 

Woo» V. to court, make love. 

Wood, n. a forest; solid part 
of trees, timber, fuel. 

Woodlbine, n. honeysuckle. 

Wood'chuck, n. a small bur- 
rowing animal, ground-hog. 

Wood'cock, n. a bird allied 
to the snipe. 

Wood'cut, ». wood-en^ving. 

Wood'pecker, n. a bird that 
pecks baric. 

Woof (wd60, n. threads that 
cross the warp. 

Wool (w66l),». fleece of sheep; 
woollen, a.: woollv, a. 

Wool'sack, ». the Lord Chan- 
cellor's seat in the House of 

Word, H. an oral or written 
sign of a thought: — v.a. to 
express in words: -y, a, 

inhabitants of the earth, the 

Worldly, a. pertaining to the 
things of this worid. 

Worm (wurm), ». a small 
creeping animal: v. to work 
slowly and secretly like a 
worm: -y, a. 

Worm'wood, ». a bitter plant. 

Wor'ry (wur'-), vm. to harass, 
tease: wor'ry, ». 

Worse (wurs), a. more bad: — 
<u^. in a worse manner. 

Wor'ship (wur'-) [». & p. 
wor'snipped, p. wor'ship- 
ping], V. to adore, perform 
religious services: — n. ador- 
ation, religious services; a 
title of honor: -per, n. 

Worst, a. most bad: — v. to de- 

Wors'ted (w66rs'ted), n. yam 
spun of long, combed wool. 

Wort (wurt), n. an herb; sweet 
infusion of malt. 

Wortii (wurth), n. value, mer- 
it: — a. equal in value to: 
-less, a. 

Wor'thy (-thX), a. meritorious, 
deserving: — n. worthy man. 

Wound (w66nd), n. a cut or 
bruise, a hurt: — v.a. to hurt. 

Wran'gle, v.n. to dispute 
angrflv: — n. a noisy dispute. 

Wrap (rap), v.a. to envelop, 
infold: wrap'per, n. 

Wrath, n. anger, rage: -ful, a. 

Wreak (rek), v.a. to inflict. 

Wreath (reth). n. anything 

Worlc, V, to labor; form by! twisted, a gariand. 
labor; ferment: — «. toil, la- Wreathe (r6/A), vm, to twine 
bor; a book: -man, n. ■ about. 

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Wreck (rek), n. destruction 
by sea; ruin; wrecked vessel, 
&c.: — v.a. to bring to or suf- 
fer wreck; ruin. 

Wreck'age (rek'-), n. act of 
wrecking; remains left from 
a wreck. 

Wreck'er (rek'-), n. one who 

W plunders wrecks. 
ren (ren), n. a small bird. 
Wrencli (rench), v.a. to pull 

with a twist, sprain. 
Wrest (rest), v.a. to twist from 

by force. 
Wres'tle (resi), v.n. to pap- 

Wple and try to throw down. 
retch (rech), n. one worth- 
less or miserable, a villain. 
Wretch'ed (rech'ed), a. miser- 
able; worthless. 
Wrig'gle, V. to move the body 

to and iro. 
Wring (ring), v.a. to twist vio- 
lently; torture. 

Wrinlde (ring'kl), ». a crease 
or ridge: — v. to contract in- 
to wrinkles: wrink'ly, a. 

Wrist (rist), «. the Joint unit- 
ing the hand to the arm. 

Wrisf band (risfband), ». a 
band about the wrist. 

Writ (rit), n. a writing; legal 
writing from a court. 

Write (rit), v.a. to express by 
letters, &c.j compose: wrif- 
er, ».: wriften, a. 

Writhe (rith), v. to twist as in 

Wrong (ron^), n. an injustice: 
— a. not right, not correct, 
unjust: — ad. not rightlv: — 
v.a. to use unjustly: -ful, a. 

Wroth (rawth), a. wrathful, 

Wrought (rawt), a. worked, 

W performed, manufactured. 
ry (rl), a. twisted to one side, 

Xan'thous (zin'-), a. yellow. 

Xiphoid (zif'oid), a. sword- 

X-rays, a kind of electric 
rays that penetrate certain 
opaque substances and that 
hence may be used to pho- 
tograph tilings or parts with- 
in them. 

Xylog'raphy (zi-), n. art of 
engraving on wood: zylog'- 
rapher, «.: ajs. xylograph'- 
ic, zylograph'ical. 

X3r'loid (zi'-), a. woody 

ic, xylograph 
jr'loid (zi'-), a. woody. 
Xylonite (zi'-), «. celluloid. 

Xy'lophone (zi'-), n. musical 
instrument with keys struck 
by wooden hammers. 

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Yacht (yot), n. a small vessel 
designed for swiftness and 

Yam, n. a tropical root like 
the potato. I 

Yanlree, n. a New En^^ander; , 
also, any native of the United 

Yard, n, an enclosure; meas- 
ure of three feet; timber to 
support a sail: — v.a. to en- 
dose in a yard. 

Yard'-arm, n. half of a ship's 

Yam, n. spun wool or cotton 

Yar'row, n. an herb, milfoil. 

Yaw, n. unsteady direction of 
a ship, as in a swell. 

Yawl, n. a small boat of a ship; 
a small fishing-boat; also, a 
small sailing vessel. 

Yawn, v.n. to gape, open 
wide: yawn, ».: -ing, a. 

Yea (ya), ad. yes. 

Yean, v. to brmg forth young: 
-ling, n. young lamb. 

Year, n. time the earth takes 
to go round the sun, 365 
days: -ling, «.: -ly, a. each 
year, annual. 

Yearn (yem), v.n. to long 

Yeast, n. froth of malt liquors 
m fermentation; a substance 
which raises dough in bread- 

Yegg'man, n. a criminal va- 

Yelk, n. same as Yolk. 

Yell, n. & V.H. scream. 

Yel'low, a, of a gold color: — 
n. a yellow color. 

Yeriow-fe'ver, n. a malig- 
nant infectious fever of warm 
! climates. 

Yelp, v.n. to bark shrilly, as a 

Yeo'man (yC-). n. a farmer, 
man of small estate, free- 
holder: pi. yeo'men: yeo'- 
manry, n. 

Yes'ter, a. of yesterday, last 
before to-day. 

Yes'terday, n. day before to- 
day: <u^. of or on the day last 

Yew, n. an evergreen tree, or 
its wood. 

Yield (yeld), v. to give up, sub- 
mit; comity; raxxluce: — n. 
product: yield'ing, a. com- 

Yoke, n. a frame to join oxen; 
pair: — v. to join by a yoke, 

Yolk (yok), n. the yellow part 
of an egg. 

Yon, a. & ad. yonder. 

Yon'der, a. & ad. over there, 

Yore, n. old time. 

Young, a. youthful: — n. off- 
spring of animals: young'- 
ling, n. 

Young'ster, n. a youth, child, 

Youth, n. early part of life; 
young person or persons: 
-ful, a. 

Yule, n. Christmas: yule'- 
tide, n. 

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Zaf fre (zaf'fgr), n. an impure 
protoxide of cobalt. 

Za'ny» ». merry-andrew, buf- 

Zeal (z^l), H. passionate ardor. 

Zeal'ous (zd -), a. full of zeal: 
zeal'ot, n. 

Zel>ra, ». a striped animal of 
the ass kind. 

Ze'nith, n. the point directly 

Zeph'yr (zef'fir), n. the west 
wind; any soft breeze. 

Ze'ro, n. cipher |o], nothing. 

Zest, n. somethmg that gives 
a relish; relish. 

Zig'zag, a. having short sharp 

Zinc, n. a bluish- white metal. 

Zo'diac, M. an imaginary belt 
in the heavens, embracing 
about eight degrees on each 
side of the ediptic: zodi'- 
acal, 0. 

Zone, n. a girdle; one of five 
divisions of the earth's sur- 

Zoog'raphy (z6-og'-). «• the 
natural history of animals, 
zoology: zoorrapher, ».: 
zoocraph'ical, a. 

ZooVo^ (z6-ol'-), n. the natu- 
ral history of animals: zoo- 
loff'ical, a.: zoorogist, n. 

Zo'ophyte (zO'o-fIt), n. a 
{^suit-like animal: zoophjrf- 
10, a. 

Zoot'omy (z5-of-), n. anato- 
my of the lower animals: 
zoofomist, n.: zootom'- 
ical, a. 

Zouave' (z66-avO, n. a soldier 
wearing a kind of Arab dress. 

Zsrmofic, a. denoting any 
disease, as cholera, typhus, 
&c., in which a poison works 
through the body like a fer- 

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Table of Moneys 331 

Interest Laws 342 

(Compound Interest Table 344 

Simple Interest Table 345 

Table of the Number of Days from any day in one 

month to the same in any other 346 

A Table of the Movable Feasts 347 

Table Showing Date of Easter Sunday in Each Year 348 

Rates of Postage 350 

Time Difference 352 

Immigration Into the United States 1822-1909 . . 353 

Ready-Reference Calendar 354 

Statistics of Cities in the United States 356 

Specific Gravity and Weight of Solids 362 

Height and Weight of Men 362 

Height and Weight of Women 363 

Principal American Rivers 364 

Size of the Great Lakes of the United States 366 

Analysis of Various Articles of Food 367 

Freezing, Fusing, and Boiling Points 368 

Geometrical Progression 369 

The English Mile compared with other European 

Measures 370 


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Monthly Wage Table 371 

Tables of Weights and Measures 372 

Help in Case of Accidents 384 

Population of the Earth by Continents and Accord- 
ing to Race 386, 387 

Area and Cubic Contents of the Earth 386 

Greatest Depths of Oceans 386 

Area in Square Miles of Oceans 386 

Standard Time 387 

Signers of the Declaration of Independence 388 

feed by Google 

Table of Monesrs 



Silver 10 centavos 90.0965 

" 20 centavos 0.198 

" 50 centavos 0.4825 

«* Peso (100 centavos) 0.965 

Gold % Argentine 2.412 

" Argentine 4.825 


(New South Wales, Victoria, daeensland, South 

Australia, West Australia, Taamama.) 

See England. 


Silver 10 heller 10.0202 

" 20 heller 0.0405 

" Crown (100 heller) 0.2027 

" Gulden, or florin 0.4054 

•' 5 crowns 2.027 

Gold 10 crowns 2.0277 

" Ducat 2.2918 

" 20 crowns 4.0554 

" 100 crowns 20.277 


Silver 20 centimes t0.0386 

" % franc 0.0965 

" Franc (100 centimes) 0.193 

" 2 francs 0.386 

" 5 francs 0.965 

Gold 10 francs 1.93 

" 20 francs 3.86 


Silver "% real, or 5 centavos 90.0199 

'« Real, or 10 centavos : 0.0389 

* No fffAd in circulation. 

t The value of this country's coins fluctuates. 


Digitized by Google 

Table of Moneys 

Silver Peseta, or 20 centavos $0.0778 

•* H boliviano, or 50 centavob 0.1995 

•* Boliviano (100 centavos) 0.389 

{Law of September 14, igob, provides for the folloTuing which 
have not yet been coined.) 

Silver 10 centavos $0.0973 

•* 30 centavos 0.2919 

" 60 centavos 0.4866 

Gold 2>^ pesos 2.433 

" 5 pesos 4.866 


Gold 5 milreis $2.73 

" 10 milreis 6.46 

" 20 milreis 10.92 


Silver Anna $0.02027 

" Vg rupee 0.04065 

" krupee 0.0811 

" Jl rupee 0.1622 

" Rupee (16 annas) 0.3244 


(Cape of Good Hope, Hatal, Orange Kiver Colony, 

Trftntvaal, RhodeaU, etc.) 

See England. 


Silver 10 cents $0.10 

" V dollar 0.25 

" g dollar 0.50 

" DoUar (100 cents) 1.00 

{No gold coins of Us own, but English and American gold coin* 
are legal tender), 


Silver 10 cents .$0.0324 

" 26 cents 0.0811 


Digitized by VjOOQIC 

Table of Moneys 

Silver 50 cents $0.1622 

" Rupee (100 cents) 0.8244 


Silver 5 centavos $0.0182 

" 10 centavos 0.0865 

" 20 centavos 0.078 

" Peso (100 centavos) 0.866 

Gold Escuao, or 5 pesos 1.825 

" Doblon, or 10 pesos 8.65 

" Condor, or 20 pesos 7.80 


Silver Dollar $0,498 

" Haikwantael 0.638 


Gold Peso $0.9782 

•* 2>^ pesos 2.4882 

" 5 pesos 4.8665 


Silver 5 centimos $0.0287 

" 10 centimos 0.0466 

" 25 centimos 0.1167 

" 50 centimos 0.2825 

Gold 2 colons 0.93 

** 5 colons 2.825 

" 10 colons 4.65 

" 20 colons 9.80 

CTJBA.t (Poreiffn Goint.) 

Silver Real $0.08 

" Peseta 0.17 

" Peso 0.812 

Gold Doubloon 6.017 

* Bv decree of October. 1908, China plans to issue uniform coinage 
as follows: Tael (100 cents) equals 70 cents ; % tael equals 35 cents; 
xo cents equals 7 cents; 5 cents equals 3.5 cents. 

t These coins are provided for by law, but have not been coined. 

t Money transactions are based upon United States currency. 


Digitized by VjOOQIC 

Table of Moneys 


Silver 10 ore $0.0268 

" 25 ore 0.067 

" 50 ore 0.134 

** Krone (100 or«) 0.268 

«* 2 kroner 0.536 

Gold 10 kroner 2.68 

" 20 kroner 5.36 


(Java, Sumatra, Borneo, etc.) 

See Netherlands. 


Silver 5 centavos, or medio $0.0243 

" 10 centavos, or real 0.0486 

** 20 centavos, or peseta 0.0973 

«« 50 centavos 0.2433 

«« Sucre (100 centavos) 0.4866 

Gold Condor, or 10 sucres 4.8665 


Silver Piastre (10 ochrel guerche) $0.O4&4 

" . . : 2 piastres 0.0988 

« 5 piastres 2471 

** 10 piastres 0.4W3 

•* 20 piastres 0.9886 

Gold Pound, or 100 piastres 4.943 


Silver 6 pence $0.1216 

" Shilling 0.2433 

« Florin 0.4867 

.% crown 0.6083 

.Crown- 1.2166 

Gold K sovereign 2.43325 

** Sovereign, or pound sterling 4.8665 

•* 2 sovereigns (not in circulation) . . 9.733 

** 5 sovereigns (not in circulation) . .24.3325 


d by Google 

Table of Moneys 


Silver \i markka $0.04825 

" % markka 0.0965 

" Markka (100 penni) 0.193 

" 2 markka 0.886 

Gold 10 markka 1.98 

" 20 markka 8.86 


Silver 20 centimes 90.0386 

** '% franc 0.0965 

" Franc (100 centimes) 0.193 

" 2 francs 0.386 

" 5 francs 0.965 

Gold 5 francs 0.965 

•* 10 francs 1.93 

" 20 francs 8.86 

*• 50 francs 9.65 

" 100 francs 19.30 


Silver Thaler (old) $0,714 

" K mark 0.119 

" Mark (100 pfennig) 0.238 

" 2 marks 0.476 

" 5 marks 1.19 

Gold 10 marks, or krone 2.38 

** 20 marks, or doppel-krone 4.76 


Silver 5 drachmas (lOOIepta) $0,965 

Gold 5 drachmas 0.965 

** 10 drachmas 1.93 

" 20 drachmas 3.86 

" 50 drachmas 9.65 

" 100 drachmas 19.30 

* British, Austrian, German, Danish, Russian, Spanish, Turkish* 
Egyptian, and American gold coins are also legal tender. 


d by Google 

Table of Moneys 


SUver Peso (100 ccntavos) 90.888 


surer 10 centimes $0.0965 

** 20 centimes 0.1«8 

" 50 centimes 0.4825 

Gold Gourde (100 centimes) 0.965 

" 2 gourdes 1.98 

** 5gourdes 4.825 

•« 10 gourdes 9.66 


Silrer 6 centavos $0.0191 

" 20 centavos 0.0766 

" 25 centavos 0.0957 

" 50 centavos 0.1915 

" Peso (100 centavos) 0.388 

Gold Peso 0.9733 

" 5 pesos 4.8666 

«* lOpesos 9.733 

" 20 pesos 19.466 


Silver Mexican dollar $0,876 

" British doUar 0.398 


Gold 10 lire $1.98 

" 20 lire 8.86 


See England. 


Gold 5 yen $2.49 

" 10 yen 4.98 

*• 20 yen 9.96 

CTAere are some oid30;iO;S;2-, and i -yen gold pieces coined prior 
to October i, iSgj, which are used at double their /ace value. 

• The value of this country's coins fluctuates. 
^ Coins not in circulation. 


d by Google 

TabU oi Moneys 


Silver 10 centavos $0.0496 

" 20 centavos 0.0996 

" 50 centavos 0.249 

" Peso (100 centavos) 0.498 

Gold 5 pesos 2.49 

" 10 pesos 4.98 

No separate currency. See Italy. 


Silver Dubbeltje, or ^ guilder $0.0402 

" Kwartje, or ^ guilder 0.0806 

" ^guilder 0.201 

" Guilder, or florin(100 cents) 0.402 

** Rigksdaller, or 2}>^ guilders or 

florins 1.005 

Gold 10 guilders, or florins 4.02 


See England. 


Silver 6 centavos $0.0191 

" 20 centavos 0.0766 

«* 25 centavos 0.0057 

" 50 centavos 0.1915 

** Peso (100 centavos) 0.883 

Gold Peso 0.9733 

" 5 pesos 4.8666 

" 10 pesos 9.733 

" 20 pesos 19.466 


Silver 10 6re $0.0206 

" 25 ore 0.067 

• TIm value of this country 'i coins fluctuates. 

t zed by Google 


Table of Moneys 

Silver 50 ore $0,134 

" Krone (100 ore) 0.268 

" 2 kroner 0.536 


Silver 10 centavos 10.0626 

" 20 centavos 0.125 

** 50 centavos 0.25 

" Peso (100 centavos) 0.50 

Gold Balboa 1.00 

" 2% balboas 2.50 

" 5 balboas 5.00 

" 10 balboas 10.00 

" 20 balboas 20.00 


Silver 10 centavos $0.0965 

" 20 centavos 0.193 

" 50 centavos ' 0.4825 

" Peso (100 centavos) 0.965 

Gold 2% pesos 2.4125 

" 5 pesos 4.825 


Silver 5 shahs $0.0175 

" 10 shahs 0.035 

" Kran(20 shahs) 0.07 

" 2 krans 0.14 

" 5krans 0.35 

Gold M toman O.SJ 

" gt 

Foman 1.54 

toman 0.T7 

.2 tomans 3.08 

.5 tomans 7.70 

.10 tomans 15.40 


Silver 5 centavos $0.0243 

" Dinero, or 10 centavos 0.0486 

* No gold in circulation. 

t The value of this country's coins fluctuates. 

t zed by Google 

Table of Moneys 

Silver 20 centavos $0.0973 

** Half sol, or 50 centavos. .... 0.2433 

P„, . Sol (100 centavos) '. 0.4866 

^ola 5 soles, or half-libra 2.4332 

** 10 soles, or libra ,,[[ 4!8665 

" 20 soles '''[ 9.733 


Silver 10 centavos $0.05 

** 20 centavos .!!!!.!!.!! o!l25 

** 50 centavos .!!.!!!!!! o!25 

" Peso (100 centavos) . .' .' * .* .* .' .' * .' .' .' .* 0.50 


Gold Milreis $1.08 

** 2 milreis .!..,.!!!!!!! 2!l6 

" 5 milreis or meia coroa! , . . . , . . . .' 5.40 

10 milreis or coroa 10.80 


No separate currency. See Germany. 


No separate currency. See Italy. 


Silver 5 copecks $0.0257 

„ J? copecks ; . 0.0515 

., 15copecks 0.0772 

„ 20copecks 0.103 

25 copecks 0.1287 

" 50 copecks * 0.2575 

/' Rouble (100 copecks) '. 0.515 

*^o'a 5 roubles (new) 2.575 

*' 2H roubles, or half-iiApe'riai (old) 3.8625 

10 roubles (new) 5.I5 

** • . .15 roubles or imperial (old) ...... 7.725 

• No gold in circulation. 

t zed by Google 

T«bl« of Moneys 


Silver Peso (100 centavos) $0,383 


Silver Fuang $0.0457 

" Salung 0.f»15 

" Tical 0.366 

Gold 10 ticals 3.66 

{j4 decimal subsidiary coinage based on the Heal is being 


Silver Peseta (100 centesimos) 10.193 

" 5 pesetas 0.965 

Gold 5 pesetas 0.965 

" 10 pesetas 1.93 

•* 20 pesetas 3.86 

" 25 pesetas 4.825 


Silver .6 cents $0.02839 

" 10 cents 0.05678 

" 20 cents 0.1137 

" % dollar 0.2839 

" DoUar (100 cents) 0.5678 


Silver 10 ore $0.0268 

*♦ 25 5re 0.067 

" 50 ore 0.134 

" Krone (IfK) ore) 0.268 

" 2 kroner 0.536 

Gold 10 kroner 2.68 

** 20 kroner 6.36 


Silver 20 centimes $0.0386 

" ^ franc 0.0965 

• The value of this country's coins fluctuates. 

feed by Google 

Table of Moneys 

Silyor Franc (100 centimes) $0,193 

** 2 francs 0.386 

** 5 francs 0.965 


Silver 20 piastres J0.8762 

Gold Lira or medjidie(100 piastres) , . . 4.381L 


Bronze Penny (1 cent) $0.01 

Nickel Nickel (5 cents) 0.05 

Silver Dime (10 cents) 0.10 

**■ V dollar ( 25 cents ) 0.25^ 

" ^dollar (50 cents) 0.50 

** Dollar (not coined since 1904) . . . 1.00 

Gold 2^ dollars 2.50 

" 5 dollars 5.00 

" Eagle (10 dollars) 10.00 

" Double eagle (20 dollars) 20.00 


Silver 10 centavos $0.1034 

" 20 centavos 0.2068 

" 50 centavos 0.517 

*• Peso (100 centavos) 1.034 

Gold Doblon (authorized, but not yet 

coined) 10.34 


Silver Bolivar (100 centavos) $0,193 

" 2 bolivars 0.386^ 

" 6 bolivars or dollars 0.966- 

Gold 5 bolivars or venzc^anos 0.96^ 

" 10 bolivars 1.93 

** 20 bolivars 8.86 

" 50 bolivars 9.66 

" 100 bolivars 19.80 


Digitized by Google 

Interest Laws 

States and 

Interest Laws. 

Legal Rate 

Rate Allowed 
by Contract. 


A rV ftTisftg 

Per cent. 

Per cent. 





Any rate. 
Any rate. 






D of Columbia 




Georgia » 














Louisiana . 



Any rate. 

Maryland . 


Any rate. 








Montana ; 

Any rate. 




Any rate. 

New Hampshire 

New Jersey 


New Mexico 


New York 


North Carolina 


North Dakota 





t zed by Google 

Interest Laws — continued 

States and 



Pennsylvania . . 
Rhode Island . . 
South Carolina. 
South Dakota . . 







West Virginia . . 



Interest Laws. 

Legal Rate. 

Rate Allowed 
by Contract. 

Per cent. 

Per cent. 








Any rate. 
























n of Principal and Interest : 

and Rhode Island. 

Arkansas, New York 

LoM of Principal; Delaware and Oregon. 

LoM of Interest: Alabama, Alaska, District of Co- 
lumbia, Florida, Idaho, Illinois, Iowa, Louisiana, 
Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi. Nebraska, New 
Jersey, North Carolina, North Dakota, Oklahoma, 
South Carolina, South Dakota, Texas, Virginia, 
Washington and Wisconsin. 

Loss of Excess Interest : Connecticut, Georgia. Indi- 
ana, Kansas, Kentucky, Maryland, Missouri, New 
Hampshire, New Mexico, Ohio, Pennsylvania, 
Tennessee, Vermont and West Virginia. 

t zed by Google 

Con^ottnd Interest Table 

Compound Interest on One DoUar for 100 Years 






























Years in Which a Giron Amount Will DouUe at 
Several Rates of Interest 


At Simple 



100 years 








4 ...::...:::......: 







10 245 






7 273 


d by Google 

Simple Interest Table 









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Time Table 

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A Table of the Movable Feasts 


Is for May, J. for June, I 
and D. for December. 

NOTB. — M. stands for May, J. for June, N. for November, 
ID. for*" " 


Digitized by Google 

Easter Stuulay 

Table Showins Date of Easter Sunday 

1801— April 




1869-March 28 



1836— April 
1837— March 


1870— April 


1803— April 



1871— April 


1804— April 


1838— April 
1839— MArch 


1872— M!arch 31 

1805— April 



1873— April 


1806— April 


1840— April 




1807— March 29 

1841— April 


1875— March 28 

1808— April 


1842— March 27 







1877— April 


1810— April 


1844— April 


1878— April 


1811— April 


1845— March 23 

1880— March 


1812— March 29 

1846— April 



1813— April 


1847— April 


1881— April 


1814— April 




1882— April 


1815— March 26 

1849— April 


1883-March 25 



1850— March 31 



1817— April 


1851— April 


1885— April 


1818— March 22 

1852— April 


1886— April 




1853— March 27 

1887— April 


1820— April 


1854— April 


1888— April 


1821— April 




1889— April 


1822— April 


1856— March 23 

1890— April 


1823— March 30 

1857— April 


1891— March 29 

1824— April 


1858— April 


1892— April 


1825— April 




1893— April 


1826— March 26 

1860— April 



1827— April 


1861— March 31 

1895— April 


18-28— April 




1896— April 


1829— April 


1863— April 


1897— April 


1830— April 


1864— March 27 

1898— April 


1831— April 


1865— April 


1899— April 


1832— April 


1866— April 




1833— April 


1867— April 


1901— April 


1834— March 30 



1902— March 30 


d by Google 

Easter Sunday 

ia Each Ymut of 

th« Nia«te«Bth and 

1903— April 


1937— March 28 

1971— April 




1938— April 


1972— April 








1906— April 


1940— March 24 

1974— April 
1975— March 


1907— March 


1941— April 



1908— April 




1976— April 


1909— April 




1977— April 


1910— March 27 

1944— April 


1978— March 26 

1911— April 




1979— AprU 


1912— April 




1980— April 


1913— March 23 

1947— April 


1981— April 


1914— April 


1948— March 28 

1982— April 


1915— April 


1949— April 






1950— April 


1984— April 


1917— April 


1951— March 25 



1918— March 31 

195-2— April 


1986-March 30 

1919— April 




1987— April 


1920— April 




1989 -March 


1921— March 27 

1955— April 



1922— April 


1956— April 


1990— April 


1923— April 


1957— April 


1991— March 31 

1924— April 


1958— April 




1925— April 


1959-March 29 

1993— April 


1926— April 




1994— April 


1927— April 


1961— April 


1995— April 




1962— April 


1996— April 


1929— March 81 

1963— April 


1997— March 30 

1930— April 


1964— March 29 

199H— April 


1931— April 


1965— April 


1999— April 


1932-March 27 

1966— April 






1967— March 26 

. . 


1934— April 


1968— April 


. > • 


1935— April 


1969— April 


. . 




1970— March 29 

. . 


d by Google 

Rates of Postajr^ 

First class (letters, etc.) per ounce 2c 

Second class (newspapers, periodicals), .four ounces Ic 

Third class (books, circulars) two ounces Ic 

Fourth class (merchandise, etc.) one ounce Ic 

Registration fee (extra postage) 10c 

Special delivery (extra postage) 10c 

Postal cards (reply cards 2c.) Ic 

Local or drop letters (where no free delivery) per oz. Ic 

First ClaM 

Letters and all other written matter, sealed or un- 
sealed, and all other matter sealed or fastened in any 
manner not easily examined, 2 cents for each ounce 
or fraction thereof, in U. S., Canada or Mexico. 

Second Class 

Newspai)er8 and periodicals (regular publications) 
can be mailed by the public at the rate of 1 cent for 
each 4 ounces or fraction. Publishers and news 
agents only, 1 cent per pound. 

Third Class 

Printed matter, books, circulars, photographs in 
unsealed wrappers only, 1 cent for each 2 ounces or 
fraction, fully prepaid. Limit of weight 4 pounds 
except for a single book, which may weigh more. 

Fourth Class 

All mailable matter not included in the above, 
which is so prepared for mailing as to be easily with- 
drawn from the wrapper and examined, 1 cent per 
ounce or fraction. Limit of weight 4 lbs. 

d by Google 

Rates of Postage — continuecl 

Monej Orders 

For orders not exceeding $2.50, three cents ; $2.50 to 
$5, five cents; $5 to $10, eight cents; $10 to $20, ten 
cents; $20 to $30, twelve cents; $30 to $40, fifteen 
cents; $40 to $55, eighteen cents; $50 to $60, twenty 
cents; $60 to $75, twenty-five cents; $75 to $100» 
thirty cents. 

Foreign Pottage 

Letters, 5 cents for first ounce; 3 cents for each 
additional ounce or fraction. To Qreat Britain and 
Ireland^ letters i cents for each ounce or fraction thereof. 
To Oermany direct via New York, B cents per ounce or 
fraction; via Great Britain or France at regular postal 
union rates. Printed matter, 2 ounces for 1 cent. 
Samples, 2 cents for first four ounces or less; 1 cent 
for each additional 2 ounces or fraction. Commercial 
papers, 5 cents for first 10 ounces or less ; 1 cent for 
each additional 2 ounces or fraction. Postal cards, 
2 cents. 

Puerto Rko, Gnam. the PhilippiaM, Hawaii and 
Cuba : Same as domestic 


Digitized by Google 

Time IMfferenoe 

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Immigration Into the U. S., 1822-1909 







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StatUtics of Cities in the United States 



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Statutics of Cities in the United States 

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Statutics of Cities in the United States 



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StatUtics of Cities in the United States 




Digitized by Google 

Statistics of Cities in the United States 





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d by Google 

Specific Gravity and Weight of Solids 


Brass, copper 841 

tin 16/***" 
Brass, coFq;)er 671 

zinc 33/"'" 
Gdd, 22 carats mie . . 

Copper, cast 

Iron, cast 

Lead, cast 

Silver, pure, cast 


Tin, Cornish, pure. . . 
Zinc, cast 

Woods (Dry). 




Chestnut, sweet. . - 




Oak, white 

Pine, yellow 



Wahiut, black.... 

Stones, Earths, etc. 

Brickwork in mortarj 

Granite, Quincy 

Marble, common 

Salt, common 

Sand, common 








Weight of a 
cubic inch. 




Cubic foot. 






















Weight of a 
cubic foot. 




Cubic feet 

in a ton. 






Digitized by VJ»^V^V It 

Height and Weight of Men 

: :|3SS§l§S§i 










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mill. 2J mill 







Digitized by Google 

Height and Wmght of Women 









5 feet 



5 feet 1 inch 


5 feet 2 inches 


5 feet 3 inches 


5 feet 4 inches 


5 feet 5 inches 


5 feet 6 inches 


5 feet 7 inches 


5 feet 8 inches 


5 feet 9 inches 


6 feet 10 inches 


5 feet 11 inches 


6 feet 


The above table gives the relative height and weight 
of women, all ages. The weight of ordinary clothing, 
however, is included. 

Digitized by Google 

Principal American Riyert 

Alleghany . . . . 
Androscc^gin . , 
Arkansas . . . . , 
Black Warrior. . , 


Cape Fear . . . , 
Chattahoochee . . 
Chowran . . . . . 
Colorado . . . . . 


Columbia .... 
Connecticut . . , 


Cumberland . . , 
Delaware . . . , 
Des Moines . , . 


GUa , 



Grande del Norte , 
Great Pedee . . . 


Hudson . . . . , 



Kalamazoo . . . . 
Kanawha . . . , 


Kaskaskia . . . . 
Kentucky . . . . 
Lewis's Fork . . . 
Minnesota . . . . 
Mississippi . . . . 

New York . . . 


Colorado . . . . 
Alabama . . . . 


North Carolina . 
Georgfia . . . . 
North Carolina . 



Vermont . . . . 
Georgia . . . . 
Kentucky . . . 
New York . . . 
Minnesota . . . 
Georgia . . . . 
New Mexico . . 


Michigan . . . 
Colorado . . . . 
North Carolina . 
Kentucky . . . 
New York . . . 
Wisconsin . . . 
Virginia . . . . 
Michigan . . . 
Virginia . . . . 



Kentucky . . . 



Minnesota . . . 


Ohio River . . 
Atlantic Ocean 
Mississippi River . 
Tombigbec River . 
Gulf of Mexico . 
Atlantic Ocean . 
Appalachicola River. 
Albemarle Sound . . 
Gulf of Mexico . 
Gulf of Colorado 
Pacific Ocean . . 
Long Island Sound . 
Alabama River 
Ohio River . . 
Delaware Bay 
Mississippi River . 
Appalachicola River. 
Colorado River . 
Missouri River . 
Lake Michigan . 
Gulf of Mexico . 
Atlantic Ocean . 
Ohio River . . . 
New York Bty . 
Mississippi River 
Chesapeake Bay 
Lake Michigan . 
Ohio River . . . 
Missouri River . 
Mississippi River . 
Ohio River . , . 
Columbia River . 
Mississippi River , 
Gulf of Mexico . 






d by Google 

Principal American Rivers 


Monon^hela . . 
Nebraska .... 


Ocmulgee .... 



Penobscot .... 



Red (of the North) 
Roanoke . . . 
Rock .... 
Sabine .... 
St. Croix . . . 
St. Francis . . 
St. John . . . 
St. Joseph . . 
San Joaquin . 
Santee .... 
Savannah . . 
Scioto . .*. . 
Susquehanna . 
Tennessee . . 
Trinity .... 
Wabash . . . 
Washita . . . 
White .... 
Willamette . . 
Wisconsin . . 
Vazoo .... 
Yellowstone . 


West Virginia . . 
Wyoming . . . . 
North Carolina . . 


Pennsylvania . . . 



Maryland . . . . 


Minnesota . . . . 


Wisconsin . . . . 


California . . . . 
Wisconsin . . . . 




California . . . . 
North Carolina . . 
South Carolina . . 


New York . . . . 
North Carolina . . 
Mississippi . . . . 






Wisconsin . . . . 
Mississippi . . . . 
Yellowstone Lake 


Mississippi River . . 

Ohio River 

Missouri River . . . 
Pamlico Sound . . . 
Altamaha River . . . 
Mississippi River . . 
Missouri River . . . 
Atlantic Ocean . . . 
Chesapeake Bay . . 
Mississippi River . . 
Winnipeg Lake . . . 
Albemarle Sound . . 
Mississippi River . . 
Gulf of Mexico . . . 
Bay of San Francisco 
Mississippi River . . 
Mississippi River . . 
Atlantic Ocean . . . 
Lake Michigan . . . 
Bay of San Francisco 
Atlantic Ocean . 
Atlantic Ocean . 
Ohio River . . . 
Chesapeake Bay 
Ohio River . . . 
Mobile River . . 
Gulf of Mexico . 
Ohio River . . . 
Red River . . . 
Arkansas River . 
Columbia River . 
Mississippi River 
Mississippi River 
Missouri River . 







t zed by Google 

Size of the Great Lakes of the United States 







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Analysis of Various Articles of Food 

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Barley ^. 


Buckwheat flour! 


Cheoe. rich and old.. 



Digitized by Google 

Freeziiig, Fuiiiif , and BoiHag Points 







Alcohol boils at 




— 22<» 


228 . 



Bismuth metal fuses at 

Bromine boils at 


Bromine freezes at 


Copper fuses at 


Ether boils at 


(rold fuses at 


Iodine boils at 


Iron fuses at 


Lead fuses at 


Olive oil freezes at 


Potassium fuses at 


Quicksilver freezes at 

Silver fuses at 


Sodium fuses at 


Sulphur fuses at 


Tin fuses at 


Water boils at 


^Vater freezes at 


Zinc fuses at 


Some authorities var>' on these points. 

t zed by Google 

Geometrical Progression 





Digitized by Google 

The English Mile 


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d by Google 

Monthly Wage Table 


R S S S S S S S g s « a 8 R s s 

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Digitized by Google 




Used in Commercial TransacHans generally, and in vftighing 
MUals, except Gold and Silver. 

16 drams =» 1 ounce. 

16 ounces « 1 pound. 

14 pounds -» 1 stone. 

25 pounds =» 1 quarter. 

4 quarters =- 1 hundred weight. 

20 hundred weight ==■ 1 ton. 

100 pounds -= 1 quintal. 

196 pounds = 1 barrel flour. 

200 pounds = 1 barrel beef or pork. 

280pounds == Ibarrelsalt. 

1 pound avoirdupois =« 7000 grains Troy. 

144 pounds avoirdupois — 175 pounds Troy. 

At the custom-house, and in some commercial transactions, 
28 pounds are equal to 1 quarter; 112 pounds are equal to 1 
cwt.; and 2240 pounds are equal to 1 ton. 


Used in weighing Gold, Silver, Jewelry, b'c. 

2i grains = 1 pennyweight, marked pwt. 

20 pennyweights *» 1 ounce, marked oz. 

240 pennyweights «= 12 ounces = 1 pound, marked lb. 

1 pound Troy = 5760 grains. 


Used in compounding Medicines. Drugs and medicines are 
bought and sold by avoirdupois weight. 

20 grains = 1 scruple, marked 3 

3 scruples = 1 dram., marked 5 

8 drams = 1 ounce, marked 1i 

12 ounces = 1 pound, marked lb 


feed by Google . 

Weights and Measures 

3 , a scruple; 9 ss, half a scruple; 3 i, one scruple; 9 iss, 
one scruple and a half; »ij, two scruples, &c. So of 5, a 
dram, and S , an ounce. 

Applied to the weighing of Diamonds. 

16 parts == 1 grain. 

4 grains = 1 carat. 

1 carat = 3J grains Troy (nearly). 

loH carats — 1 ounce Troy. 


This Measure is used in measuring Lines or Distances when 
Length only is considered. 

.3 barleycorns = 1 inch. 

12 lines = 1 inch. 

12 inches = 1 foot. 

3 feet = lyard. 

16^ feet, or 5^ yards == 1 rod, perch, or pole. 

40 rods = 1 furlong. 

Q f„ri««^ = /320 rcNds - 1760 yards = 

Sfurlongs - \5280 feet = 1 statute mile. 

1^ statute miles = 1 geographical mile. 

Sva statute miles = 1 league. 

60 geographical miles = 1 degree. 

69J statute miles = 1 equatorial deg. (nearly; . 

360 degrees = circumference of the earth. 

3 indies = 1 palm. 

4 inches =» 1 hand. 

9 inches *= 1 span. 

li feet = 1 cubit (Scripture). 

6.feet = 1 fathom. 


This Measure is used in measuring Surfaces, as Land, the 
Floors and Sides of Bmldings, &*c. 

144 sq. inches =» Isq. foot. 

9 sq. feet = 1 sq. yard. 


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2721 sq. feet — 1 sq. rod, perch, or pole. 

30j sq. yards = 1 sq. rod. 

40 sq. rods = 1 rood. 

4roods _ri60sq.rods-4840sq.yds.- 

* ™**°^ \43560 sq. feet - 1 acre. 

640 acres = 1 sq. mUe, or 1 sq. section. 

36 sq. sections = 1 township, 6 miles sq. 

Used in the Measure of Distances and the Area of Surfaces. 

7.92 inches =» 1 link. 

25 links = 1 rod or pole. 

100 links -» 4 rods = 1 chain. 

80 chains — 1 mile. 

320rods — Imile. 

625 square links. -= 1 square rod. 

16 square rods. = 1 square chain. 

10 square chains. . . ; =» 1 square acre. 

Used in measuring SoUd Bodies and Spaces having Lengthy 

Breadth, and Thickness, or Depth; as Timber, Stone, Wood, 

Ships, &*€. 
1728 cubic inches =» 1 cubic foot. 

27 cubic feet =« 1 cubic yard. 

16 cubic feet = 1 cord foot of wood. 

'IS^'^fS'}-; -icordofwood. 

16i cubic feet = 1 perch. 

40 cubic feet = 1 ton, U. S. shipping. 

42 cubic feet = 1 ton, British shippmg. 

40 feet of round timber, or 1 ^ , . „ __ i„ j 

50 feet Qf hewn timber, / -Itonorload. 

Used by Dealers in Cloth, Carpets, Ribbons, &•<;. 

2J inches — 1 nail. 

9 inches =4 nails — 1 quarter. 

27 inches — 3qrs. — Idl Flemish. 

36 inches — 4qrs. — 1 yard. 

45 inches — 5qrs. — lell Eng^Jsh. 

64inches =. 6qrs. - lellFrench. 


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Used in measuring Wine, Water, Cider, Oil, and most other 

4 gills = 1 pint = 281 cubic inches. 

2 pints = 1 quart = 57| cubic inches. 

4 quarts «= 1 gallon -= 231 cubic inches. 

10 gallons = 1 anker. 

31i gallons — 1 barrel. 

2 barrels =» 63galls = 1 hogshead. 

4barrds — 126 galls = 1 inpe. 

2 pipes = 252 ^Is = 1 tun. 

42 g^lons = 1 tierce. 

2 tierces = 84 galls =• 1 puncheon. 

In some States of the United States the barrel for dder is 
fixed at thirty-two gallons. 

Applicable to the measuring of Ale and Beer. 

2 pints = 1 quart = 70J cubic inches. 

4 quarts = 1 gallon == 282 cubic inches. 

36 quarts = 9 galls = 1 firkin. 

2firkins = ISgalls = Ikilderkin. 

2kilderkins =« 36 galls = 1 barrel. 

3 kilderkins = 54 galls = 1 hogshead. 

4 kilderkins => 72 galls — 1 puncheon. 

6kilderkins = lOSgalls - 1 butt. 


Applicable to aU Articles not liquidj bought and sold by Measure, 

such as Grain, Salt, Coal, &'c. 

2 pints =» 1 quart = 671 cubic inches. 

4 quarts — 1 gallon =» 268^ cubic inches. 

8 quarts = 2 gallons =» 1 peck. 

4 pecks = 1 bushel. 

8 bushels = 1 quarter. 

36 bushels =» 1 chaldron. 

^"SS:^1taM*bS'"'" <-}- 2150.42cubic inches. 

'^^^bufS""'' °'" ^^"^^ ^*^*}- 2218.192 cubic inches. 


Digitized by VjOOQIC 


1 imperial bushel = 1.0315+ U. S. bushels. 

3 imperial bushels = 1 English sack. 

8 imperial bushels or SJ U. S.\ _ i i?„„i;„u „..«^^, 
bushels (nearly) / " ^ ^^K^^^h quarter. 
5 Ene^ish quarters =» 1 English load. 


1 register ton = 100 cubic feet. 

II U. S. shipping ton, 
32.143 U. S. bushels, or 
31.16 imperial bushds. 
1 British shipping ton. 
.32.719 imperial bushels, or 
33.75 U. S. bushels. 
350cubicfeet = 1 keel. 


60 minims (w) = 1 fluid drachm, marked / 5 

8 fluid drachms = 1 fluid ounce, marked / S 

16 fluid ounces = 1 pint, marked 

8 pints — 1 gallon, marked con. 


Used in the Computation of Time. 

60 seconds == 1 minute. 

60 minutes = 1 hour. 

24 hours == 1 day. 

7 days = 1 week. 

2 weeks «= 1 fortnight. 

4 weeks =» 1 month. 

52 weeks, 1 day, and 6 hours == 12 calendar months. 

12 (^endar months, or 365 days andl ^ ^y^Xv^xi year. 

The time in which the earth, departing from one fixed star, 
returns again to the same star, is called the sidereal year ^ and 
is 365 days, 6 hours, 9 minutes, and 9A seconds. The sokw 
or tropical year consists of 365 days, 5 hours, 48 minutes, 49^ 
se<x)nds, and is the time in which the sun, departinj^ from some 
point in the ecliptic, returns to the same point agam. 

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Used in measuring LaHtude, Longitude, &c. 

60 seconds or 60* » 1 minute. 

60 minutes <?f60' = 1 degree <?f 1°. 

;30 degrees =» 1 sign. 

90 d^^rees = 1 quadrant, or right angle. 

12 signs, or 360 degrees =■ 1 great circle of the zodiac. 


24 sheets.. 

lOJ quires. . 

20 quires. . 

2 reams.. 

10 reams.. 

= 1 quire. 
, = 1 token. 
, = 1 ream. 
, = 1 bundle. 

= 1 bale. 

A book formed of 
sheets folded 

in 2 leaves, is a folio. 

in 4 leaves, is a quarto or 4to. 

in 8 leaves, is an octavo or 8vo. 

in 12 leaves, is a duodecimo or 12mo. 

in 16 leaves, is a 16mo. 

in 18 leaves, is an 18mo. 

in 24 leaves, is a 24mo. 

in 32 leaves, is a 32mo. 

in 64 leaves, is a 64mo. 

12 units = 1 dozen. 

144 units = 12 dozen — 1 gross 

12 gross = 144 dozen — 1 great gross. 

20 units = 1 score. 

The ratio of the circumference of a circle to its diameter 
is 3.1416 nearly = 3f nearly. 
The Circumference of a Circle = Diameter X 3.1416. 
The Area of a Circle = the square of the Diameter X .7854. 

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Myriametre 10,000 metres -= 6.2137 miles. 

fr .y . ^ 1 nnn ^^^ -= /0.62137 mile, or 

Kilometre 1000 metres -= jg £80 ft. 10 in. 

Hectometre 100 metres = SsS feet, 1 inch. 

Decametre 10 metres = 393.7 inches. 

Metre 1 metre = 39.37 inches. 

Decimetre 1 metre = 3.937 inches. 

Centimetre 01 metre = 0.3937 inch. 

Millimetre 001 metre = 0.0394 inch. 


Hectare 10,000 sq. metres = 2.471 acres. 

Are 100 sq. metres = 119.6 sq. yards. 

Centare 1 sq. metre — 1550 sq. mches. 



or Stere 








Dry Measure. 

Liquid or 


1 cubic metre 
.1 cubic metre 
10 cub. decim. 

1 cub. decim. 
.1 cub. decim. 
10 cub. centim. 

1 cub. centim. 

1.308 cub. yds. 
9.08 quarts. 
0.908 quart. 
6.1022 cub. in. 
0.6102 cub. in. 
0.061 cub. in. 

264.17 gals. 
26.417 gals. 
2.6417 gals. 
1.0567 qts. 
0.845 dll 
0.338 flu. oz. 
0.27 flu.dr. 


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Metric System of Weights 



"D "O "O ' 

P« Pi P« P« O O 

^ :* fc 

g I 

bb 60 Co bb 
52 00 J* 

g- gj <N cc o jg 



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" • :§ 2 Ji § 2 S 

2 p 3 s ^ S s •§ 

o « o -^ 

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8 S ^ 


3 §g § W ft O I 


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Metric System of Measures 

Measure* of Length 

Metric Denominations 
and Values. 

Myriametre. .10,000 metres 
Kilometre . . . 1,000 metres 

Hectometre. . 100 metres 
Dekametre .. 10 metres 

Metre 1 metre 

Decimetre ... ^ metre 
Centimetre . . y^ metre 
Millimetre. . .^^ metre 

Equivalentp in Denomi- 
natioqii In Use. 



0.62137 mile, or 3,280 feet 
10 inches 


feet 1 inch 











Measures of Surface 

Metric Denominations 
and Values. 

Equivalents in Denomi- 
nations in Use. 

Hectare . .10,000 sq. metres 

Are 100 sq. metres 

Centare . . 1 sq. metre 

2.471 acres 
119.6 square yards 
square inches 



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Metric System of Measures 




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=3 a » '^ 

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The Weight of a Bushel. 

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: :88 :888 8 


Maine . . .. . 
New Hampshire 
Vermont . . . 
Rhode Island 
Connecticut . 
New York . 
New Jersey » • 


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The Wei^t of a BusheL 





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Help in Case of Accidents 

Dvowninc. 1. Loosen clothing. 2. Empty lungs 
of water by turning body face downward and lift- 
ing it by the middle so that the head hangs down. 
Jerk the body a few times. 3. Pull tongue forward, 
using handkerchief, or pin with string, if necessarj'. 
4. Imitate motion of respiration by alternately com- 
pressing and expanding the lower ribs, about twenty 
times a minute. Alternately raising and lowering 
the arms from the sides up above the head will 
stimulate the action of the lungs. Let it be done 
gently but persistently. 5. Apply warmth and fric- 
tion to extremities. 6. By holding tongue forward, 
closing the nostrils, and pressing the "Adam's Apple" 
back (so as to close entrance to stomach j, direct in- 
flation may be tried. Take a deep breath and breathe 
it forcibly into the mouth of patient, compress the 
chest to expel the air, and repeat the operation. 
7. DON'T GIVE UP I People have been saved after 
HOURS of patient, vigorous effort. 8. When breathing 
begins, get patient into a warm bed, give warm 
drinks, or spirits in teaspoonfuls, fresh air, and quiet. 

and Scalds. Cover with cooking soda and 
lay wet cloths over it. White of eggs and olive oil. 
Olive oil or linseed oil, plain, or mixed with chalk or 
whiting. Sweet or olive oil and lime-water. 

Dash cold water over a person struck. 

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Help in Case of Accidents — continued 

Sunstroke. Loosen clothing. Get patient into shade 
and apply ice-cold water to head. Keep head in 
elevated position. 

Mad Dog or Snake Bite. Tie cord tight above 
wound. Suck the wound and cauterize with caustic 
or white-hot iron at once. Give stimulants, as whis- 
key, brandy, etc. 

Fainting. Place flat on back ; allow fresh air, and 
sprinkle with water. Place head lower than rest of 

Tests of Death. Hold mirror to mouth. If living, 
moisture will gather. Push pin into flesh. If dead 
the hole will remain, if alive it will close up. Place 
fingers in front of a strong light. If, alive, they will 
appear red ; if dead, black or dark. If a person is 
dead decomposition is almost sure to set in after 72 
hours have elapsed. Do not permit burial of dead 
until some certain indication of death is apparent. 

Suffocation from Illuminating Gas. Get into the 
fresh air as soon as possible and lie down. Keep 
warm. Take ammonia — twenty drops to a tumbler 
of water, at frequent intervals ; also two to four drops 
tincture of nux vomica every hour or two for five or 
six hours. 


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Estimated Population of the Earth 

By Continents 


Area m 
Square Miles. 

Number of 








America, N . . . 


America, S 




Polar Regions 





Estimated Area and Cubic Contents of the Earth : 

Surface 196,971,984 square miles 

Cubic contents 259,944,035,515 cubic miles 

Estimated Greatest Depths of Oceans : 

Pacific Ocean 30,000 feet 

Atlantic Ocean 27,366 feet 

Southern Ocean 25,200 feet 

Indian Ocean 18,582 feet 

Arctic Ocean 9;000 feet 

Es ti mated Area in Square Miles : 

Pacific Ocean 50,309,000 

Southern Ocean 30,592,000 

Atlantic Ocean 24,536,000 

Indian Ocean 17,084,000 

Arctic Ocean 4,781,000 


Dig*sed by Google 

Estimated Populatioii of the Earth 

According to Race 



Mong. or Turaiiiiaii (yellow and brown ) . . 630,000,000 

Indo-(Termanie or Aryan ( white) i (J25,000,000 

Negro and Bantu (black) l.'iO.OOO.OOO 

Semitic or Hamitic ( white ) ' 65,000,000 

Malay and PolyncHian (brown) • 35,000,000 

American Indian (red) 15,000,000 

Hottentot and Bushman (black) 150,000 

Total 1,520,150,000 

Standard Time 

For the convenience of the railroads, a standard of 
t'nie was established by mutual agreement in 1883. 
The United States, extending from 65° to 125° west 
longitude, is divided into four time sections, each of 
15° of longitude, eauivalent to one hour, commencing 
with the 75th meridian. The eastern section includes 
all territory between the Atlantic Coast and a lino 
drawn from Detroit to Charleston, S. C. The central 
section includes the territory between the last-named 
line and a line from Bismarck, N. D.. to the mouth of 
the Rio Grande. The mountain section includes all 
territory between the last-named line and the western 
borders of Idaho, Utah, and Arizona. The Pacific 
.section covers the rest of the country to the Pacific 
Coast. Standard time is uniform inside each of these 
sections, and the time of each section differs from that 
next to it bv exactly one hour. Thus at 12 noon in 
New York City (eastern time), the time at Chicago 
(central time) is 11 o'clock, a. m.; at Denver (moun- 
tain time), 10 o'clock, a. m., and at San Francisco 
(Pacific time) 9o'cl(Kk, a. m. 

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Declaration of Independence 










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Declaration of Independence 





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