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Poems. Edited by his Wife, with a Memo- 
portrait. Ne-w Edition. 12mo . . . $2.00 

Select Poems of Sidney Lanler. 
Edited, with an Introduction and Notes, 
University of Texas. 12mo . . net $1.00 

Hymns of the Marshes. With 12 full- 
page illustrations, photogravure frontis- 
piece, and head and tail pieces. (Oct.) 
8vo. (Postage Extra) . . . net $2.00 

Bob. The Story of Our Mocking Bird. 
With 16 full-page illustrations in colors 
from photographs by A. R. DUGMORE. 
New and Cheaper Edition. 12mo. net $1.00 

Letters of Sidney Lanler. Selections 
from his Correspondence, 1866-1881. With 
two portraits in photogravure. 12mo . $2.00 

Retrospect* and Prospects. Descrip- 
tive and Historical Essays. 12mo . . $1.50 

Music and Poetry. A Volume of Es- 
says. 12mo $1.50 

The English Novel. A Study in the 
Development of Personality. Ntm and 
Revised Edition front Nem Plates. Crown 
8vo $2.00 

The Science of English Verse. Crown 

8vo $2.00 

The Lanler Book. Selections for 
School Reading. Edited and arranged 
by MARY E. HURT, in cooperation with 
Mrs. LANIER. Illustrated. (Scribner 
Series of School Reading.) 12mo . net $0.50 


The Boy's Froissart. Illustrated. AL- 

The Boy's King Arthur. Illustrated $2.00 
Knightly Legends of Wales ; or, The 

Boy's Mabinogion. Illustrated . . $2.00 

The Boy's Percy. Illustrated . . $2.00 


ii i 


The Artist: he 
Who lonesome walks amid a thousand friends. 



Copyright, 1908, by Charles Scribner's Sons 
Published September, 1908 




IT requires but little intimacy with the true artist to 
see that, whether his medium of expression be words or 
music or the brush, much of his finest achievement can 
never be given to his fellows bearing the stamp of per- 
fect craftsmanship. As when the painter, with hand 
momentarily inspired by the fervor of the eye, fixes in a 
sketch some miracle of color or line, which vanishes 
with each succeeding stroke of the brush laboring to 
embody it in a finished picture so the poet may 
transcribe one note of his own tense heart strings; may 
find fluttering words that zigzag aerially beside the 
elusive new-born thought; may strike out in the rough 
some heaven-scaling conception to discover too often 
that these priceless fragments cannot be fused again, 
cannot be joined with commoner metals into a con- 
ventional quatrain or sonnet. 

At such moments, by some subtle necromancy of 
quivering genius, the poet in his exaltation weaves 
sinuous words into a magic net with which he snares 
at one cast the elfin woods fancies, the shy butterfly 
ideas that flit across secluded glades of the imagination, 


invisible even to him at other times; and there these 
delicate creatures lie, flashing forth from the meshes 
glimpses of an unearthly brilliance for all time, if he 
be wise enough not to attempt to open the net and 
spread out their wings for the world to see them better. 
Or it may be that his mood is interrupted by the 
necessity for giving to the world that which it will 
receive in exchange for a living, and his next vision 
is of a far distant corner of the Enchanted Land. Yet 
these records are what they are; they bear star dust 
upon their wings; they give, perhaps, his most inti- 
mate revelation, his highest utterance. 

So the following outlines and fragments left by Sidney 
Lanier are presented, in the belief that they contain the 
essence of poetry. His mind budded into poems as 
naturally and inevitably as a tree puts forth green leaves 
and it was always spring-time there. These poem- 
sketches were jotted in pencil on the backs of envelopes, 
on the margins of musical programmes, on little torn 
scraps of paper, amid all sorts of surroundings, when- 
ever the dream came to him. Some are mere flashes of 
simile in unrhymed couplets; others are definite rounded 
outlines, instinct with the beauty of idea, but not yet 
hewn to the line of perfect form; one, at least, is the 
beginning of quite a long narrative in verse. There 


are indications of more than one projected volume of 
poems, as mentioned in foot-notes. All have been 
selected from his papers as containing something wor- 
thy of preservation; and, while the thought sometimes 
parallels that in his published work, all are essentially 

H. W. L. 
NEW YORK, September, 1908. 

[ vii ] 


ARE ye so sharp set for the centre of the earth, are 
ye so hungry for the centre of things, 

O rains and springs and rivers of the mountains ? 

Towards the centre of the earth, towards the very 
Middle of things, ye will fall, ye will run, the Centre 
will draw ye, Gravity will drive you and draw you in 

But the Centre ye will not reach, ye will come as 
near as the plains watering them in coming so near 
and ye will come as near as the bottom of the Ocean 
seeing and working many marvels as ye come so 

But the Centre of Things ye will not reach, 

O my rivers and rains and springs of the mountains. 

Provision is made that ye shall not: ye would be 
merged, ye could not return. 

Nor shall my Soul be merged in God, though tend- 
ing, though tending. 

[Hymns of the Mountains, 
and Other Poems] 



To believe in God would be much less hard if it 
were not for the wind. Pray hold one little minute, 
I cry: O spare this once to bite yonder poor old shiver- 
ing soul in the bare house, let the rags have but a little 
chance to warm yon woman round the city corner. 
Stop, stop, wind: but I might as well talk to the wind: 
and lo, the proverb paralyzes prayer, and I am ready 
to say: Good God, is it possible thou canst stop this 
wind which at this moment is mocking ten thousand 
babies and thin-clad mothers with the unimaginable 
anguish of cold is it possible thou canst stop this, and 
wilt not? Do you know what cold is? Story of the 
Prisoner, &c., &c., and the stone. 



THE courses of the wind, and the shifts thereof, as 
also what way the clouds go; and that which is hap- 
pening a long way off; and the full face of the sun; 
and the bow of the Milky Way from end to end; as 
also the small, the life of the fiddler-crab, and the 
household of the marsh-hen; and more, the transla- 
tion of black ooze into green blade of marsh-grass, 
which is as if filth bred heaven: 

This a man seeth upon the marsh. 

[Hymns of the Marshes] 


I WISH, said the poet, that you should do thus 

and so: 

Laugh you thus, what matters a poet's wish ? 
The poet's wish is Nature's law. 
It is for the satisfaction thereof that things are, 
And that Time moves. 
Observe Science in modern times proving the 

old poet's dreams. 

Nature with all her train of powers 
And Time with his ordered hours, 
And Space, . . . and said, 
What dost thou wish, my lord ? 

[Credo, and Other Poems} 


How dusty it is! 

In trades and creeds and politics, much wind is about 

and the earth is dry; 

I must lay this dust, that men may see and breathe; 
There is need of rain, and I am it. 

[Credo, and Other Poems] 




Frown, quoth my lord Stomach, 
And I lowered. 

Quarrel, quoth my lord Liver, 
And I lashed my wife and children, 
Till at the breakfast-table 
Hell sat laughing on the egg-cup. 
Lie awake all night, quoth my two Masters, 
And I tossed, and swore, and beat the pillow, 
And kicked with disgust, 

And slammed every door tight that leads to sleep 
and heaven. 

[Credo, and Other Poems] 



FOUL Past, as my Master I scorn thee, 
As my servant I love thee, dear Past. 



ONE of your cold jelly-fish poets that find them- 
selves cast up by some wave upon a sandy subject, and 
so wrinkle themselves about a pebble of a theme and 
let us see it through their substance as if that were a 
great feat. 



COUSIN cloud 
the wind of music 
blow me into wreath 
and curve of grace 
as it bloweth thee. 


AND then 

A gentle violin mated with the flute, 
And both flew off into a wood of harmony, 
Two doves of tone. 



I HAVE great trouble in behavior. I know what 
to do, I know what I at heart desire to do; but the 
doing of it, that is work, that labor is. I construct in 
my lonesome meditations the fairest scheme of my 
relations to my fellow-men, and to fellow-events; but 
when I go to set the words of solitary thought to the 
music of much-crowded action, I find ten thousand 
difficulties never suspected: difficulties of race, tem- 
perament, mood, tradition, custom, passion, unreason 
and other difficulties which I do not understand, as, 
for instance, the failure of contemporary men to recog- 
nize genius and great art. 


I MADE me a song of serenade, 

And I stole in the Night, in the Night, 

To the window of the world where man slept light, 

And I sang: 
O my Love, my Love, my Fellow Man, 

My Love. 



I FLED in tears from the men's ungodly quarrel 
about God: I fled in tears to the woods, and laid me 
down on the earth; then somewhat like the beating 
of many hearts came up to me out of the ground, and I 
looked and my cheek lay close by a violet; then my 
heart took courage and I said: 

" I know that thou art the word of my God, dear Violet: 
And Oh the ladder is not long that to my heaven leads. 
Measure what space a violet stands above the ground, 
'Tis no farther climbing that my soul and angels have 
to do than that." 

[Written on the fly-leaf of 
Emerson s "Representative 
Men" between 1874 and 



WHILE I lie here under the tree, 

Comes a strange insect and poises an instant at my 


And lays his antennae there upon my skin, 
Then perceiving that I have nothing of nutriment for 

He leaves me with a quiet indifference which, do all I 


Crushes me more than the whole world's sarcasm, 
And now he is gone to the Jamestown weed, there, 
And is rioting in sweetness. 



I DID riot think so poorly of thee, dear Lord, 
As that thou wouldst wait until thou wert asked 

(As many think), 

And that thou wouldst be ugly, like a society person, 
Because thou wert not invited. 




TENDER wiles, transparent guiles, 
Tears exhaling into smiles. 



A MAN does not reach any stature of manhood 
until like Moses he kills an Egyptian (i. e., murders 
some oppressive prejudice of the all-crushing Tyrant 
Society or Custom or Orthodoxy) and flies into the 
desert of his own soul, where among the rocks and 
sands, over which at any rate the sun rises clear each 
day, he slowly and with great agony settles his relation 
with men and manners and powers outside, and begins 
to look with his own eyes, and first knows the unspeak- 
able joy of the outcast's kiss upon the hand of sweet, 
naked Truth. 

But let not the young man go to killing his Egyptian 
too soon: wait till you know all the Egyptians can 
teach you: wait till you are master of the technics of 
the time; then grave, and resolute, and aware of con- 
sequences, shape your course. 



THOUGHT, too, is carnivorous. It lives on meat. 
We never have an idea whose existence has not been 
purchased by the death of some atom of our fleshy 

O little poem, thou goest from this brain charge- 
able with the death of tissue that perished in order 
that thou mightst live: nourish some soul, thou that 
hast been nourished on a human body. 



Do you think the 19th century is past? It is but 
two years since Boston burnt me for witchcraft. I 
wrote a poem which was not orthodox: that is, not like 
Mr. Longfellow's. 



ALL roads from childhood lead to hell, 

Hell is but the smoke about the monstrous fires 

Kindled from ) . 

T> . . . > frictions of youth s self with self, 

Rising from ) 

Passion rubbed hard 'gainst Purpose, Heart 'gainst 




TOLERANCE like a Harbor lay 
Smooth and shining and secure, 
Where ships carrying every flag of faith were an- 
chored in peace. 




You are servants. Your thoughts are the thoughts 
of cooks curious to skim perquisites from every pan, 
your quarrels are the quarrels of scullions who fight 
for the privilege of cleaning the pot with most leavings 
in it, your committees sit upon the landings of back- 
stairs, and your quarrels are the quarrels of kitchens. 




"THE Earth?" quoth a Dandelion to my Oak, 
"what earth ? where is any ? I float, and find none!" 

At that moment the wind blew. 

"Nevertheless, it is here," quoth my oak, with 
pleasure in all his roots, what time the dandelion was 
blown out of hearing. 




WHO doubts but Eve had a rose in her hair 

Ere fig leaves fettered her limbs ? 
So Life wore poetry's perfect rose 

Before 'twas clothed with economic prose. 

Homer before Pherecydes, 

Caedmon before Alfred. 



EVERY rule is a sign of weakness. A man needs no 
rules to make him eat, when he is hungry: and a law 
is a badge of disgrace. Yet we are able to console 
ourselves, from points of view which terminate in duty, 
order, and the like advantages. 



How did'st thou win her, Death ? 

Thou art the only rival that ever made her cold to me. 

Thou hast turned her cold to me. 



I went into the Church to find my Lord. 
They said He is here, He lives here. 
But I could not see Him, 
For the creed-tablets and bonnet- flowers. 

I WENT into the Church to look for a poor man. 

For the Lord has said that the Poor are his children, 
and I thought His children would live in His house. 

But in the pews sat only Kings and Lords: at least 
all that sat there were dressed like Kings and Lords; 
and I could not find the man I looked for, who was in 
rags; presently I saw the sexton refuse admission to 
a man; lo, it was my poor man, he had on rags, and 
the sexton said, "No ragged allowed." 



O WORLD, I wish there was room for a poet. In the 
time of David and of Isaiah, in the time of John and of 
Homer, there was room for a poet. In the time of 
Hyvernion and of Herve and of Omar Khayyam: in 
the time of Shakspere, was room in the world for a 

In the time of Keats there was not room: 

Perhaps now there is not room. 




IN the lily, the sunset, the mountain, the rosy hues 
of all life, it is easy to trace God. But it is in the dust 
that goes up from the unending Battle of Things that 
we lose Him. Forever thro' the ferocities of storms, 
the malice of the never-glutted oceans, the savagery of 
human wars, the inexorable barbarities of accident, of 
earthquake and mysterious Disease, one hears the 
voice of man crying, where art thou, my dear Lord and 



BUT oh, how can ye trifle away your time at trades 
and waste yourself in men's commerce, when ye might 
be here in the woods at commerce with great angels, 
all heaven at purchase for a song. 



I WILL be the Terpander of sadness; 

I will string the shell of slow time for a lyre, 

The shell of Tortoise-creeping time, 

Till grief grow music. 



I AM but a small- winged bird: 
But I will conquer the big world 

As the bee-martin beats the crow, 
By attacking it always from Above. 


AH how I desire this matter! 

I am sure God would give it to me if He could. 

I am sure that I would give it to Him if I could. 

(But perhaps He knows it is not good for you.) 
I know that He could make it good for me. 



THE United States in two hundred years has made 
Emerson out of a witch-burner. 




THE argument of music, 
I heard thy plea, O friend; 
Who might debate with thee ? 



HEART was a little child, cried for the moon, 
Brain was a man, said, nay. 
Science is big, and Time is a-throb, 
Hold thy heart, Heart. 



WAN Silence lying lip on ground, 

An outcast Angel from the Heaven of sound, 

Prone and desolate 

By the shut Gate. 



A POET is a perpetual Adam: events pass before 
him, like the animals in the creation, and he names 



"THE Improvement of the Ground is the most Naturall 
Obtaining of Riches: For it is our Great Mother's 
Blessing, the Earth: But it is slow.'* 

[Poems on Agriculture] 



How could I injure thee, 
Thou art All and I am nought, 
What harm, what harm could e'er be wrought 

On thee by me? 



Lo, he that hath helped me to do right (save by mere 
information upon which I act or not, as I please) he 
hath not done me a favor: he hath covertly hurt me: 
he hath insidiously deflowered the virginity of my will; 
I am thenceforth not a pure Me: I am partly another. 

Each union of self and self is, once for all, incest 
and adultery and every other crime. Let me alone. 
God made me so, a man, individual, unit, whole, fully- 
appointed in myself. Again I cry to thee, O friend, 
let me alone. 



THE church having become fashionable is now grown 
crowded, and the Age will have to get up from its pew 
and go outside soon, if only for a little fresh air. 



You wish me to argue whether Paul had a revelation: 
I do not care greatly; I have had none, but roses, 
trees, music, and a running stream, and Sirius. 

[Credo, and Other Poems] 



THE sleep of each night is a confession of God. By 
whose will is it that my heart beat, my lung rose and 
fell, my blood went with freight and returned empty 
these eight hours? 

Not mine, not mine. 



LIKE to the grasshopper in the tall grass, 

That sings to the mate he cannot see yet while, 

I sing to thee, dear World; 

For thou art my Mate, and peradventure thou wilt 

come; I wish to see thee. 

Like to the lover under the window of his Love, 
I serenade thee, dear World; 
For thou art asleep and thou art my Love, 
And perhaps thou wilt awake and show me thine eyes 
And the beauty of thy face out of the window of thy 

house of Time. 



So large, so blue is Harry's eye, 

I think to that blue Heaven the souls do go 

Of honest violets when they die. 



SAYS Epictetus, at the close of his Chapter on Prse- 
cognitions: "I must speak in this way; excuse me, as 
you would excuse lovers: I am not my own master: I 
am mad." 

[Credo, and Other Poems] 



GREAT shame came upon me. 

I wended my way to my own house 

And I was sorrowful all that night, 

For the touch of man had bruised my manhood, 

And in playing to be wise and a judge before men, 

I found me foolish and a criminal before myself. 



IP that the mountain-measured earth 
Had thousand-fold his mighty girth, 
One violet would avail the dust 
For righteous pride and just. 
Then why do ye prattle of promise, 
And why do ye cry this poet's young 
And will give us more anon? 

For he that hath written a song 

Hath made life's clod a flower, 

What question of short or long ? 

As the big earth is summed in a violet, 

All Beauty may lie in a two-lined stave. 

Let the clever ones write commentaries in verse. 

As for us, we give you texts, 

O World, we poets. 
If you do not understand them now, 
Behold, hereafter an army of commentators will 

They will imitate, and explain it to you. 




COME over the bridge, my merchants, 
Come over the bridge, my souls: 
For ye all are mine by the gift of God, 
Ye belong to me by the right of my love, 

I love 

With a love that is father and mother to men, 
Ye are all my children, merchants. 

Merchant: We have no time, we have no time to listen 
to idle dreams. 

Aldhelm: But I, poor Aldhelm, say you nay; 

Till ye hear me, ye have no time 

Neither for trade nor travelling; 

Till ye hear me ye have no time to fight nor marry nor 


There is not time, O World, 
Till you hear me, the Poet Aldhelm, 
To eat nor to drink nor to draw breath. 
For until the Song of the Poet is heard 
Ye do not live, ye can not live. 
O noonday ghosts that gabble of losing and gaining, 
Pitiful paupers that starve in the plenteous midmost 
Of bounty unbounded. 


DIDST thou make me ? 

Some say yea. 
Did I make thee? 

Some say yea. 
Oh, am I then thy son, O God, 

Or art thou mine ? 
Thou art more beautiful than me, 

And I will worship thee. 
Lo, out of me is gone more great than me: 

As Him that Mother Mary bore, 

Greater far than Mary was; 
As one mere woman brought the Lord, 

Was mother of the Lord, 
Might not my love and longing be 

Father of thee ? 



THERE will one day be medicine to cure crime. 



THIS youth, O Science, he knoweth more than thee, 

He knoweth that life is sweet, 
But thou, thou knowest not ever a Sweet. 

Tear me, I pray thee, this Flower of Sweetness-of- 
Life petal from petal, number me the pistils, and 
above all, above all, dear Science, find me the ovary 
thereof, and the seeds in the ovary, and save me these. 

Thou canst not. 



THOU that in thy beautiful Church this morning art 
reading thy beautiful service with a breaking heart 
for that thou knowest thou art reading folly to fools, 
and for that thou lovest these same folk and canst not 
abide to think of losing thy friends, and knowest not 
how to tell them the truth and findest them with no 
appetite to it nor strength for it thou fine young 
clergyman, on this spring morning, there, in the pulpit, 
front of the dainty ladies with their breathing clouds of 
dresses and the fans gently waving in the still air and 
thou, there, betwixt the pauses while the choir and the 
heavenly organ tear thy soul with music, peering down 
with thine eyes in a dream upon the men in the pews, 
the importers, the jobbers, the stockbrokers, the great 
drygoods house, some at a nod, some calculating with 
pencils on the fly-leaf of the Prayer-book, some won- 
dering how it will be with 4's and sixes to-morrow, 
some vacant, three with Christ thoughts, one out of 
two hundred earnest thou that turnest despairing 
away from the men back to the women whereof several 
regard thee with soft and rich eyes, with yearning 
after the unknown whatever-there-may-be-of-better- 



I have a word for thee. 

Thou seest and wilt not cover thine eyes; thou dost 
stand at the casement on a dewy morning, and sen- 
timentalize over the birds that flit by: for thou knowest 
a worm died in pain at each bird song, and death sitteth 
in the dew; thou lookest through the rich lawn dresses 
of the witch women, thou lookest through the ledger- 
revelries of the merchant, thou seest quasi-religion 
which is hell-in-trifles before thee, thou seest super- 
stition black about thee, I have a word for thee. 

Come out and declare. 

[Credo, and Other Poems] 




BETWIXT the upper Mill-stone Yes 

And the nether Mill-stone No, 
Whence cometh burr and burr and burr 

And much noise of quarrel, 
The Miller poured the hopper full 

Of corn from the bag, 
And in the corn lay one violet, 
(Maybe the farmer's little girl dropped it in 
When the boy went to the bin to fill the bag). 

And burr quoth the upper Mill-stone, 
And burr you back again the nether, 
And the violet was ground with the corn, 
But passed not into the bag with the meal, 

Thank God! 
The odor of crushed violet flew forth 

And passed about the ages; 
And men here and there had a sense 
Of somewhat rich and high-intense, 
Dewy, fiery, dear, forlorn, 
Delicate, grave, new out of the morn, 

But saturate yet 
With the night despair that every flower will wet. 

[Credo, and Other Poems] 




THE poet stepped into a grimy den, 
Where the sign above the door 

Said: Money to lend, in sums to suit, 
On Real Estate, &c. 

I want, said the Poet, 

(So many thousand dollars). 
So said Cent per Cent, rubbing his hands, 

Where is the property ? 

I offer, said the Poet, 

My Castle in Spain, 
'Tis a lovely house, 

So many rooms, acres, &c. 



Ambling, ambling round the ring, 

Round the ring of daily duty, 
Leap, Circus-rider, man, through the paper hoop of 


Ah, lightest thou, beyond death, on this same 
slow-ambling, padded horse of life. 

YOUTH, the circus-rider, fares gaily round the ring, 
standing with one foot on the bare-backed horse the 
Ideal. Presently, at the moment of manhood, Life 
(exacting ring-master) causes another horse to be 
brought in who passes under the rider's legs, and 
ambles on. This is the Real. The young man takes 
up the reins, places a foot on each animal, and the 
business now becomes serious. 

For it is a differing pace, of these two, the Real and 
the Ideal. 

And yet no man can be said to make the least success 
in life who does not contrive to make them go well 



THE Age is an Adonis that pursues the boar Wealth: 
yet shall the rude tusk of trade wound this blue-veined 
thigh, if Love come not to the rescue; Adon despises 



SOMETIMES Providence seems to have a bee in his 
bonnet. Else why should hell, the greatest risk, be 
the most improvable fact, and himself, the only light, 
be the most completely undiscoverable ? If the angels 
are good company, why shut us out from them? I 
look for good boys for my children. Hide not your 
light under a bushel, is His own command: and yet 
He is completely obscured under the inexorable quid 
pro quo of Nature and the hateful measure of Evil. 

[Credo, and Other Poems] 



THE black-birds giving a shimmer of sound, 

( transparent tremors 
As midday hills give forth < . 

( luminous 

of heat and haze. 





UNTO your house, O sleepers, 
Unto these graves that house you since ye died, 
Unto these little rooms wherein ye sleep, 
A serenade of Love who sings in flowers, 
If sense more dim than thought 

May pierce through the deep dream of death wherein 
ye lie. 



IN a silence embroidered with whispers of lovers, 
As the darkness is purfled with fire-flies. 



THE feverish heaven with a stitch in the side, 
Of lightning. 



FOR Pray'r the Ocean is, where diversely 

Men steer their course, each to a several coast, 

Where all our interests so discordant be, 

Half begging God for winds that 
Would send the other half to hell. 



As many blades of grass as be 
In all thy horizontal round, 
So many dreams brood over thee. 



To stand with quietude in the midst of the prodigious 
Unknown which we call the World, also to look with 
tranquil eyes upon the unfathomable blackness which 
limits our view to the little space enclosed betwixt 
birth and death. 



So pray we to the God we dimly hope 
Against calamities we clearly know. 



IT may be that the world can get along without God : 
but 7 can not. The universe-finity is to me like the 
chord of the dominant seventh, always leading tow- 
ards, always inviting onwards, a Chord of Progress; 
God is the tonic Triad, a chord of Repose. 




SONGS from the Sun, Songs from the ground, 
Songs from the . . . stars, 

( fine souls of the body of sound, 
' ( joined souls and bodies of sound, 
. . . ghosts of songs that died, 

Songs of Birth and of Death, of ... 
Beat million-rhythmed in the heart of my hearing, 
The world is all sound and still signs of sound. 



IT appears that if I were perfect, I could not be 

For with whoever is perfect, there is nothing more to 
be done. 

But if there were nothing more to do, I would be 
very sorry: that is, I would not be perfect. 

Therefore it appears that I would not be perfect if I 
were perfect. 

[Credo, and Other Poems] 



WE know more than we know. 

That the Lord is all, I know: 

That I am part, I know. 

But how shall we settle our provinces and diplomacies 

and boundaries, the Lord and I ? 
Let us talk of this matter, dear Lord, I talking in 




BUT the corruption, the rascality, the &c., &c., 

I am not afraid. 
But the stock broker, the whiskey ring, 

I am not afraid. 
Nay, bid the war in the East, 

I am not afraid. 

I see God about his godly affairs, 
The cat-bird sits in the tree and sings 
While the boy kills the &c. beneath. 

The mocking-bird hanging over the street sings, 
though robbery, murder, fire, &c., go on. 




GRAY iris of the eyeball earth, 
Limpid Intelligence. 



IT is the easiest thing in the world to make one false- 
hood out of two truths. 



O SCIENCE, wilt thou take my Christ, 

Oh, wilt thou crucify him o'er 
Betwixt false thieves with thieves' own pain, 

Never to rise again ? 
Leave me this love, O cool-eyed One, 

Leave me this Saviour. 

Science: Down at the base of a statue, 

A flower of strange hue 
I dug, that I might see and know the root thereof, 

And lo, the statue is prone, fallen. 
They did but crucify the godhead of Christ, 
(My God, my God, He said, why hast thou forsaken me f) 

The manhood rose and lives forever, 
The Leader, the Friend, the Beloved of all men and 

The strongest, the wisest, the dearest, the sweetest. 



COME with me, Science; let us go into the Church 
here (say in Georgia); let alone the youth here, they 
have roses in their cheeks, they know that life is de- 
licious, what need have they of thee ? But fix thy keen 
eye on these grave-faced and mostly sallow married 
women who make at least half this congregation 
these women who are the people that carry around the 
subscription cards, and feed the preacher and keep him 
in heart always. See, there is Mrs. S.: her husband 
and son were killed in the war; Mrs. B. her husband 
has been a thriftless fellow, and she has finally found 
out the damnable fact that she is both stronger and 
purer than he is, which she is, however, yet sweetly 
endeavoring to hide from herself and all people; Mrs. 
C. D. and the rest of the alphabet in the same condi- 
tion; Science, I grasp thee by the throat and ask thee 
with vehement passion, wilt thou take away the Christ 
(who is to each Deficiency in this house the Completion 
and Hoped Perfectness) from these women? 




The Stars tease me, as it were gadflies: 
And I cannot bear the impudent reds and yellows of the 



To many inarticulate 

Like the great vague wind 

Against the wire, one word larger 

Than some languages, nowhere flippant, 

My song is of all men and times and thoughts, 

Therefore many, caring not 

For aught save one man, this time, and finance, 

Many, many listen not 

Because I sing for all. 

Sang I of that little king 

That owns this 'special little time, 

The world were mine; but oh, but oh, 

I sing all Time that hath no king. 

And if I sang this man or that, 

Haply the singer's fee I win; 

But part's too little: I sing all: 

I know not parties, cliques, nor times. 



THE old Obligation of goodness has now advanced 
into the Delight of goodness; the old Curse of Labor 
into the Delight of Labor; the old Agony of blood- 
shedding sacrifice into the tranquil Delight of Unsel- 
fishness. The Curse of the Jew of Genesis is the 
Blessing of the modern Gentile. It is as if an avalanche, 
in the very moment of crushing the kneeling villagers, 
should turn to a gentle and fruitful rain, and be min- 
ister not of death but of life. 




INVITATION brought by the wind, and sent by the 
rose and the oak. I sat on the steps warm summer 
noon in a garden, and half cloudy with low clouds, 
sun hot, rich mocking bird singing, bee brushing down 
a big rain-drop from a flower, where it hung tremulous. 
The bird's music is echoed from the breasts of roses, 
and reflex sound comes doubly back with grace of odor. 
First came the lizard, dandiest of reptiles; then the 
bee, then small strange insects that wear flap-wings 
and spider-web legs, and crawl up the slim green stalks 
of grass; the catbirds, the flowers, with each a soul 
this is the company I like; the talk, the gossip anent 
the last news of the spirit, the marriage of man and 
nature, the betrothal of Science and Art, the failure of 
the great house of Buy and Sell (see following note *), 
a rumor out of the sun, and many messages concerning 
the stars. 

* Buy and Sell failed because Love was a partner. " This Love, 
now, who is he? " said a comfortable burgher oak. " I hear much 
of him these later days." Why, Love, he owneth all things: trees 
and land and water power. 



OH, man falls into this wide sea of lif e 

Like a pebble dropped by idle bands in water. 

The little circle of the stir he makes 

Does lessen as it widens, until Death 

Comes on, and straightway the round ripple is gone out 


THK grave is a cup 
\Yhere\vilh 1 ilip up 
My draughts from the lake of life. 

IValh is tho ru|>-lu\uvr of Heaven. 
Coil's (Janyineile. aiul his eup is the 

e, atul life is the wine that 
tills it. 



BIRTH is but a folding of our wings. 



WHEN bees, in honey-frenzies, rage and rage, 
And their hot dainty wars with flowers wage, 
Foraying in the woods for sweet rapine 
And spreading odorous havoc o'er the green. 



ALL men are pearl-divers, and we have but plunged 
down into this straggling salt-sea of Life to find a 
pearl. This Pearl, like all others, comes from a wound: 
it is the Pearl of Love after Grief. 



IT is always sunrise and always sunset somewhere on 
the earth. And so, with a silver sunrise before him 
and a golden sunset behind him, the Royal Sun fares 
through Heaven, like a king with a herald and a retinue. 



NIGHT'S a black-haired poet, and he's in love with 
Day. But he never meets her save at early morn and 
late eve, when they fall into each other's arms and draw 
out a lingering kiss: so folded together at such times 
that we cannot distinguish bright maid from dark lover; 
and so we call it Dawn and Twilight it being 

Not light, but lustrous dark; 
Not dark, but secret light. 



THESE green and swelling hills, crowned with white 

Like vast green waves, white-foaming at the top. 



HUNGER and a whip: with these we tame wild beasts. 
So, to tame us, God continually keeps our hearts hungry 
for love, and continually lashes our souls with the 
thongs of relentless circumstance. 



STAR-DROPS lingering after sunlight's rain. 



THE earth, a grain of pollen dropped in the vast 
calyx of Heaven. 



OUR beliefs needed pruning, that they might bring 
forth more fruit: and so Science came. 



I, THE artist, fought with a Knight that was cased in 
a mail of gold; and my weapon, with all my art, would 
not penetrate his armor. Gold is a soft metal, but 
makes the hardest hauberk of all. What shall I do to 
pierce this covering ? For I am hungry for this man, 
this business man of stocks and dry-goods, and now it 
seems as if there were no pleasure nor hope nor life 
for me until I win him to my side. 



MY Desire is round, 

It is a great globe. 

If my desire were no bigger than this world 

It were no bigger than a pin's head. 

But this world is to the world I want 

As a cinder to Sirius. 



I AM startled at the gigantic suggestions in this old 
story of the Serpent who introduces knowledge to man 
in Eden. How could the Jew who wrote Genesis have 
known the sadness that ever comes with learning as 
if wisdom were still the protege of the Devil. 



ON the advantage of reducing facts like fractions 
to a common denominator. 

We explain: but only in terms of x and y, which are 
themselves symbols of we know not what, graphs of 
mystery. We establish relations betwixt this and that 
mystery. We reduce x and y to a common denominator, 
so that we can add them together, and make a scientific 
generalization, or subtract them, and make a scientific 
analysis: but more we can not do. The mystery is 
still a mystery, and this is all the material out of which 
we must weave our life. 



I HAD a dog, 

And his name was not Fido, but Credo. 
(In America they shorten his name to "Creed") 

My child fell into the water: 
Then in plunged Credo, and brought me out my child, 

My beloved One, 
Brought him out, truly, 

But lo, in my Child's throat and in his limbs, 
In the throat and the limbs of the child of man, 

Credo's teeth had bitten deep. 
(A good dog but a stern one was Credo) 
And my child, though sound, 
Was scarred in his beautiful face 
And was maimed in his manful limbs 

For life, alas, for life. 

Thus Credo saved and scarred and maimed 
The Son of Man, my Child. 



. THERE was a flower called Faith: 
Man plucked it, and kept it in a vase of water. 

This was long ago, mark you. 

And the flower is now faint, 
For the water with time and dust is foul. 

Come let us pour out the old water, 

And put in new, 
That the flower of faith be red again. 



TEN Lilies and ten Virgins, 
And, mild marvel to mine eyes, 

Five of the Virgins were foolish, 
But all of the lilies were wise. 



LOOK out, Death, I am coming. 

Art thou not glad ? What talks we'll have, what mem- 

Of old battles. 
Come, bring the bowl, Death; I am thirsty. 



Cut the Cord, Doctor! quoth the baby, man, in the 
nineteenth century. I am ready to draw my own 



WHETHER one is an optimist or an orthodox religion- 
ist or what not, it would seem that faith must centre 
upon Christ. 



THE Church is too hot, and Nothing is too cold. I 
find my proper Temperature in Art. Art offers to me 
a method of adoring the sweet master Jesus Christ, the 
beautiful souled One, without the straitness of a Creed 
which confines my genuflexions, a Church which con- 
fines my limbs, and without the vacuity of the doubt 
which numbs them. An unspeakable gain has come 
to me in simply turning a certain phrase the other way: 
the beauty of holiness becomes a new and wonderful 
saying to me when I figure it to myself in reverse as the 
holiness of beauty. This is like opening a window of 
dark stained glass, and letting in a flood of white light. 
I thus keep upon the walls of my soul a church-wall 
rubric which has been somewhat clouded by the expir- 
ing breaths of creeds dying their natural death. For 
in art there is no doubt. My heart beat all last night 
without my supervision: for I was asleep; my heart 
did not doubt a throb; I left it beating when I slept, 
I found it beating when I woke; it is thus with art: it 
beats in my sleep. A holy tune was in my soul when I 
fell asleep: it was going when I awoke. This melody 
is always moving along in the background of my spirit. 


If I wish to compose, I abstract my attention from the 
thoughts which occupy the front of the stage, the 
dramatis personce of the moment, and fix myself upon 
the deeper scene in the rear. 



IT is now time that one should arise in the world and 
cry out that Art is made for man and not man for art: 
that government is made for man and not man for 
government: that religion is made for man and not 
man for religion: that trade is made for man and not 
man for trade. This is essentially the utterance of 
Christ in declaring that the Sabbath was made for man 
and not man for the Sabbath. 



LIKE the forest whose edges near man's dwellings 
are embroidered with birds, while its inner recesses are 
the unbroken solid color of solitude. 



To him that humbly here will look 

I'll ope the heavens wide, 
But ne'er a blessing brings a book 

To him that reads in pride. 
Whoe'er shall search me but to see 

Some fact he hath foretold, 
Making my gospel but his prophecy, 

My New his little Old. 

To him that opens his hands upwards to me like a 
thirsty plant 

I am Rain, 

But to him that merely stands as a patron by to see me 

I am Zero and a Drought. 



THEN three tall lilies floated white along 

To these woods: we come from Nature, 

Ambassadors, for thou gavest us consideration, 

For thou said'st, Consider the lilies, 

And who considers them will soon consider 

And how that they did exceed the glory of Solomon. 



How in the Age gone by 

Thou took'st the Time upon thy knee 

As a child, 

A Time that smote thee in the face 
Even whilst thou did kiss it, 
And how it tore out thy loving eyes 
Even while thou didst teach it. 



THE monstrous things the mighty world hath kept 
In reverence 'gainst the law of reverence: 
The lies of Judith, Brutus' treachery, 
Damon's deceit, all wiles of war. 




Let me lean against you, my Loves, 

Give me a place, my darlings, 

I am so happy, so fain, so full, in your large company. 

I KNEW a saint that said he never went among men 
without returning home less a man than he was before 
he went forth. But it is not so with you : I am always 
more a man when I converse with you. Who is so 
manly and so manifold sweet as a tree ? There is none 
that can talk like a tree: for a tree says always to me 
exactly that which I wish him to say. A man is apt to 
say what I did not desire to hear, or what I had no 
need to know at that time. A tree knows always my 



O EARTH, O mother, thou my Beautiful, 

Why frowns this shallow feud 'twixt me and thee ? 

Were I a bad son, deaf, undutiful, 

Nor loved thy mother-talk, thy gramarye 

Of groves, thy hale discourse of fact in terms 

That mince not, yea, thy sharp cold winter 

Like as the love lore thine expressive germs 

Of spring do plainly petal forth, 'twere cause 

Conceivable of quarrel. 




ERE yet to brakeward stole the feeding fawn, 
While grave and lone about the greenwood lay 
All soft seclusions of the dimmest dawn, 
Forth from his hut, in heavenly airs to pray 

Fared Father Leonor, wrapt with morn and God, 
New-perfected in look and limb with sleep, 
Fain of each friendly tree whereby he trod, 
At dew-drop salutations smiling deep. 

He paced the hollow towards his pleasant goal 
Where burst from out a tall oak's roots a spring, 
As prayer from priviest fibres of the soul 
Leaps forth in loneliness. There stood a stalwart ring 

Of twelve great oaks about that middle Oak, 
Which uttered forth the fount, as erstwhile stood 
The sweetest Twelve of time round Him who spoke 
The words that watered life's long drought of good. 

Straight fell the father Leonor on his knees 
Down by the foot of that Christ-Oak, and cried, 


My master, while they sleep, I pray for these, 
My soul's dear sons, my sixty, that abide 

About my cell since first my wandering feet 
In these Armoric wilds were stayed: O Lord,* 

* "The Legend of St. Leonor" is given in full in Mr. Lanier's 
' Retrospects and Prospects." 




WHAT am I without thee, Beloved ? 

A mere stem, that hath no flower; 

A sea forever at storm, without its calms; 

A shrine, with the Virgin stolen out; 

A cloud void of lightning; 

A bleak moor where yearnings moan like the winter 

A rock on sea-sand, whence the sea hath retired, and 

no longer claspeth and loveth it; 
A hollow oak with the heart riven thereout, living by 

the bark alone; 
A dark star; 

A bird with both wings broken; 
A Dryad in a place where no trees are; 
A brook that never reacheth the sea; 
A mountain without sunrise thereon and without 

springs therein; 

A wave that runneth on forever, to no shore; 
A raindrop suspended between Heaven and Earth, 

arrested in his course; 
A bud, that will never open; 



A hope that is always dying; 

An eye with no sparkle in it; 

A tear wept, dropped in the dust, cold; 

A bow whereof the string is snapped; 

An orchestra, wanting the violin; 

A poor poem; 

A bent lance; 

A play without plot or denouement; 

An arrow, shot with no aim; 

Chivalry without his Ladye; 

A sound unarticulated; 

A water-lily left in a dry lake-bed; 

Sleep without a dream and without a waking-time; 

A pallid lip; 

A grave whereafter cometh neither Heaven nor hell; 

A broken javelin fixed in a breastplate; 

A heart that liveth, but throbbeth not; 

An Aurora of the North, dying upon the ice, in the 


A blurred picture; 
A lonesome, lonesome, lonesome yearning lover! 



MY birds, my pretty pious buccaneers 

That haunt the shores of daybreak and of dusk, 

Truly my birds did find to-day 

A-strand out yonder on the Balsam hills 

A bright bulk, where the night wave left it, 

High upon the Balsam peaks. 

Then my birds, my sweet, my heavenly [day prickers], 

Did open up the day 

Like as some castaway bale of flotsam sunlight-stuff 

And jetsam of woven Easternry : one loud exclaimed 
Upon brocaded silver with more silver voice: 

And one, when gold embroideries flamed in golden songs 
of better broidered tones, 

Translated them. And one from out some rare tone- 
tissue in his soul 

Shook fringes of sweet indecisive sound, 

And purfled all that ravishment of light with ravish- 
ment of music that not left 

Heat, or dry longing, or any indictment of God, 

Or question. 

[Lynn, N. C., August, 1881] 


WHEN into reasonable discourse plain 

Or russet terms of dealing and old use 

I would recast the joy, the tender pain 

Of the silver birch, the rhododendron, the brook, 

Or, all blest particulars of beauty sum 

In one most continent word that means something 

To all men, to some men everything, 

To one all, but one will cover with satisfaction, 

That is love. 

Yet I well know this tree is a selfish [saver]-up of 


Might else have nourished these laurels: 
Yea, and they did not hand round the cup 
To the grass ere they drank, 
Nor the grass inquire if room is here for her and the 


Yet my spirit will have it that Love is the lost mean- 
ing of this Hate, and Peace the end of this Battle. 
Why? This is revelation. Here I find God: what 
power less than His could fancy such wild inconse- 
quence and unreason as flies out of this anguish, and 
Love out of this Murder. 

[Lynn, N. C., August, 1881] 


I AWOKE, and there my Gossip, Midnight, stood 
Fast by my head, and there the Balsams sat 
Round about, and we talked together. 

And " Here is some news, " quoth Midnight. " What 
is this word 'news' whereof we hear?" begged the 
Balsams: "What mean you by news? what thing is 
there which is not very old? Two neighbors in a 
cabin talking yesterday I heard giving and taking news; 
and one, for news, saith William is dead; and 'tother 
for news gave that a child is born at Anne's house. 
But what manner of people be these that call birth 
and death new? Birth and death were before aught 
else that we know was." 

[Credo; Hymn of the Mountains] 
[Lynn, N. C. , August, 1881]