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Full text of "The Poems and Some Satires of Andrew Marvell"

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f^^^^.ff^ 




l^arbarU Collrgt a^ilirar^ 

FWOM THE nEH.t.'liKT (11' 

SAMUEL SHAPLETGH, 

lOlsH at I'tSS', 

LATB UUILAHIAN OF ilAftVARD CO^LEnE. 




THE POEMS AND 
SOME SATIRES 

OF 

ANDREW MARVELL 

tnTR AN INTRODUCTION AND NOTES 
Br EDWARD WRIGHT 

friTB A FRONTISPIECE 



LONDON 

METHUEN k CO. 

36 ESSEX STREET, W.C 

MDCCCCIV 



/^^ C -3, . 5-^ 



7 



CONTENTS 

PAGE 

Introduction ....... ix 

BiBLiOGRAraicAL NOTK ..... xxx'ix 

POEMS 



"Xpon Appleton Honte ..... i 

Upon the Hill and Grove at Billborow . , 34 

-TheGarcieo ■ • 37 

' The NTinpb complaitiing for the Death of her 

Fawn ....... 40 

■JPhe Picture of little T. C. in a't'rotpect of 

Flowen .44 

Young Love . 45 

The Mower againit Gardeni .... 47 

Damon the Mower 48 

The Mower to the Glow-wormi ... 51 

The Mower'i Song . . . . 52 

Ametat and Theitylii making Hay-ropci • 54 

The Fair Singer SJ 

The Gallery . ... . . . 55 

To hit Coy Miitreu 58 

Mourning . , . ■ ■ . . 59 

' Dsphnii and Chloe ...... 61 



vi CONTENTS 

PACK 

The Match 66 

-The Definition of Love 67 

The Unfortnnate Lover ..... 69 

Muiic Empire 71 

TrantUtett from Seneca'i Tragedy of Thyttiet . 7J 

Oh a Drop of Dcv 7J 

Eyei and Tears 75 

TheCoronet 77 

A Dialogue between Thyriia and Dorinda . . 7S 

Clorinda and Damon ..... 80 

—A Dialogue between the Soul and Body . . 82 
-A Dialogue between the resolved Soul and created 

Pleasure 83 

'Bermudas . . . . , . 8£ 
Upon the Death of the Lord Hastings . ,88 
To his noble Friend, Mr Richard Lovelace, upon 

hit Poems ...... 91 

To his worthy Friend, Doctor Witty ... 95 
On Mr Milton's Paradite Lott . .94 

An £pitaph upon , . . . ■ . 97 

Two Songs at the Marriage of the Lord Fancon* 

berg and the Lady Mary Cromwell . . 9S 
An Horatian Ode upon Cromwell's Retora from 

Ireland loj 

The first Anniversary of the Government under 

His Highness the Lord Protector 107 
A Poem upon the Death of His Iste'Highneu the 

Lord Protector iij 

Oa the Victory obtained by Blake over the 

Spaniards in -the Bay of Santa Crux, in 

the Island of Tenerilfe, 1657 . . . 13$ 



CONTENTS vii 

SATIRES 

FAGB 

Flecknoe, an English Priest at Rome . . i^j 

Tom Ma/s Death 149 

The Character of Holiand . . . . ijj 
The Last Inttmctions to a Painter about the 

Dutch Wart, 1667 . 159 

To the King 191 

The Lojal Scot ...... 193 

CUreadon'i Houu> Warming .... 203 

Upon bis House . ' . '. . aio 

Epigram upon his Grandchildren . . 211 
Farther Instructions to ■ Painter .211 
On Blood't Stealing the Crown . . .213 

Royal Resolutions 214. 

An Historical Poem . . . zii 

Advice to a Painter, to draw the Duke of YoHc . 225 

To the King 229 

Britannia and Raleigh ..... 230 
An Ancient Prophecy written originally in French 
by Nosterdam, and now done into English, 

6th Jannaiy 1671 238 

A Poem on the Statue in Stocks-Market 240 

The Statue at Charing Crow .... 244 

A Dialogue between two Horses 247 

CARMINA MISCELLANEA 

Epigramma in duos Monte s, Amosdivium et 

Bilboreum ...... 2J9 

Roa z6o 

Hortns 262 



viii CONTENTS 

PAOK 

Magdalen'i Tean 264 

Dipiiwimo luo Amico Doctori Wittie . 264 
In Legationem Domini Oliver! St John, ad 

Provincial Foederatat .... 265 

Doctori Ingelo 266 

In EfKgiem OLiveri Cromwell .... 270 

In eandem Regina; Suecife tranimiMam . , 271 

TIp&s Kdjt^Xoi' tAv BaiTiX^a .... 272 

Ad Regem Carolum, Parodia .... 272 

Domino Lanceloto Jotepho de Maniban . . 274 

Inacribenda LnparK ...... 276 

In Eunuchum Poetam ..... 276 

Verges ftom Montieur de Brebeuf s tranditioD of 

Lucan ....... 277 

Bludiui et Corona . . . . . .277 

Scaevola Scoto-Britannus ..... 277 



INTRODUCTION 



k: 



/^NE of Wordsworth's early 
■^^ begins — 



sonnets 



rem 



•'Great men have bcrn among iis ;. Iiands that penned 
Antl' toni^ncK Cbat uttered wisdana^ — -better none ; 
Tbe later Sydney, Makvkll, HjrrijigtQn, 
Yowa^ Vane, anil olhtrs who calkd MillOfl fricud ; " 



K 



evcE in iSoz Andrew Marvel! was still 
remembered as (he '^British Aristides," who, 
when a\i men of dieunction were receiving 
bee fiom the enemiee of England, or misap- 
opriating the public ntoneys, continued the adble 
traditions of our political life. While he lived 
he was regarded, by foe as welt as friend, as a 
most ppwerfut defender of persecuted religious 
sects, and Boon after his death it became 
generally known that he had been the daring 
satirist who bad exposed the corruption in Court 
d Parliament. Towards the middle of the 
ghceenth century his fame was rerived by a 
group of men dissatisfieid witli monarchical govem- 
ment j and his writings, with those of Milton and 



INTRODUCTION 



Algernon Sydney, were repuWiEhed^ Some 
poems, wntfen abgut 1652, were includied in his 
works, but no importance was attached to them 
by the critiCB of the age of JohaEon,. 

During Marvell's lifetime scarcely aflyOOq 
except perhaps his friend John Mihon, was m 
a poGition to appreciate his fine lyrical genius, 
as, for some iDdiscernible reafiOQ, he would doi 
publish CTcn a selection from his verses ; an 
though such a sel«:iioD was brought out ia 1681, 
a few yeara after his death, ao complete a change 
in literary taste had ihen taken place that it 
made no mark whatever. But now, two 
hundred and fifty years after tfaey were written, 
Che poems have begun to attract the attention., 
not of A fsw echol^E, but of the generail body oi 
rraders of poetry, and Marvel! is winning as high 
a place as a poet as he occupied as a patriot 
Lamb, I believe, was the &rst to remark, hti 
"witty delicacy." Then Poe, On reailjng oaljr 
an extract from one of the verses, hit upon thb 
phrase "exquisitely delicate imagination and 
truthfulness," that Bume up their admirabte 
equalities. Aiid it may be said that the poet'i 
greatness became commonly acknowledged when, 
on the advice of Tennyson, who had a special 
admiratioD for him, Etc of the poems were 
included in the Ga//iert Treasury, It has been 
explained that no man is 3 hero to his vatet for 



in 



<• 



INTRODUCTION 



XI 




I ieai 



the reason thai it takes a hero to recogniBe a 
ero ; sgd aSthpugh Marvcli's fame SlB a poet 
80 long denied, it ia perhaps no slight 
iompensation chut it lihouid at las-t have been 
eptablished by Lanib, Pp« and Tennyson., 

The story of MarveU's life is fiili oi interest 
id bJaak Epacee. His father, a Cambridgrehire 
man by birth, was rector of Winestead in Yoflt- 
shire, where Andrew waG born on the jistof 
March 1611, His mother, who died when he 
was ge^eBteen years old, belopged tq> the York- 
shire Pease family. The wit, tnte^Tity and 
iearntng of the elder MarTeiU which were 
iced by Thomas Fulier, made an equal im- 
Hflion 00 other men, for in 1624 he was 
appointed master of the Grammar School of 
Hull, and became aUo lecturer at Trinity Church, 
and head of one of the great hospitals of the 
town. As Hull was a great Puritan centre, 
some of his influence may have been due to his 
known iDclination to Cdvinism. He, perhaps, 
brought hie son up too- rigorously, for when 
Andrew was sent, io hie thirteenth year« to 
Trinity College, Cambridge, he respooded to 
the advaocea made by a Roman Catlioltc 
Fellow of Peter house, and, after four yearfi' study, 
went to live with Bome Jesuits in London. In 
few months, however, his father met him 
a bookshop, and recovered him bodily and 



INTRODUCTION 



spiritually. He was received back at Trinity 
College, and two poems by him addresacd to 
Charles I. — one in Greek and ihe other in Latin 
— appeared in the Muta Cantahrlgifnni in 1637. 
He remained at Cambridge until 1640, when his 
father, in croBsing the Humber, was drowned in 
company with a Miss Skinner. Fuller says that 
this Miss Skinner was tbe daughter of Sir 
Edward Coke, but possibly he iniBtoofc her for 
her mother, who waa al&o related to Cyriac 
Skinner, Milton's friend. It is said that Mrs 
Skinner, who adopted Andrew on the death of 
the elder Marvell, left him the ]ittle property 
»he had, and he also appears to have inherited a 
amali estate. Somebody must have provide^— 
him with 3 fair amount of moaey, for he spe^fl 
the next four years wandering through France^ 
Holkod, Spain and Italy, a galknt young 
gentleman with scholarly tastes and of a merry, 
open nature, who aired his §kil] in Latin yerees 
when he itiixeti with the wit8 of Paris, bettered 
himself in the art Ci{ fencing in company with the 
Spaniards of Madrid, and did not care to hear 
Fleckncre read his poems at Rome, when he 
might have been taking life more gaily aJtioag 
the Romans themselves. 

When he returned to England the battle of 
Nascby had been fought, and Parliament 
supreme. Marvell did not feel himseif dr 



INTRODUCTION 



XIII 



to either party ; and his relations with Royalists, 
icb as Lord HaBtiagB aud Lordacc, appear lo 



been 



jf a friendly than 



■ Lie; 



more 
araetcr. Except so far as the fortunes of his 
country were conceraed, he wa& at that time a 
diHinlereEtcd observer, who -was obtaining a 
clearer and larger view into the nature of the 
great revolutioa th;iD a.tiy partisan. He was not 
then a Republican, and, on the other hand, he had 
as much dislike as Milton himself to the despotism 
advocated by Hobbes ; he represented an eti- 
lightened body of the public, who desired to 
obtain that iiberal const ituriooal mofiarcdy which 
was finally eBtablished. The exceBGes of both 
partJeg attracted his notice. One can see in his 
lines on Lovelace's poems that he was a« much 
concerned for toleration under the rule of the 
PreBbyterians as he afterwards was under the 
rule of the High Churchmea. A man of 
moderate views placed between two opposite 
sides, each Dverbearing in its hour of triumph, is 
likely to pieasc neither; but it was through 
seeing both aides of a great hiEtorical ercnr chat 
Marvel! made his most splendid coutribution to 
Engiist literature. Dryden and Waller wrote 
paoegyrics on Cromwell duriog the Common- 
wealcb, and panegyrics on Charles II. on the 
ReitorstioD, and all arc forgotten. Marvell, in 
Ode to Cromwell on his return from Ireland, 



riv INTRODUCTION 

written in 1 6;o, eaw the events of the Civil War 
3B we now see them. Evab his admiration foi 
the Dia-Q who had for ever delivered England 
from any poasibiliry of ithat Irish invaBJoo whicb 
had been so greatly teared, did no: lead him intg 
anything like flattery : as he docs not praise 
Cromwell so much as indicate his true title to_ 
gieacuess without overtookiag his faults, so witb^ 
Out disguifiing the King's inferiority and weak- 
ness, be makes him not only one of the moat 
touching, but of one of the noblest ligures thai 
ever ''adorned " the scaffold. The poc^m hai 
an additional grandeur of conception. It in not 
the genius of Cromwell or the fate of Charles J. 
that 18 Marvell'fi principal thought, but the 
de^trcictton of the feudal system, the reconsmu- 
lion of Englandj the consequent wars : — 

" And for the lisl ttfeet. 
Still keep the aword erect : 

Thff laine art« thsl iSid gain 
A power mus-t it msintiin." 

One is almost inclined to think that Marvell 
foresaw how, in the absence of a powerful leader, 
the Commonwealth would end in that stare of 
anarchy which bronght abowt the Restoration. 

If Marvell's judgment vfis ever at fault it w; 
not from want of knowledge, for he became aom 
what closely acquainted with the men who were' 
trying to shape England's destinies. When he 



;re~ 



INTRODUCTION 



■wrote the Ode on Cromwell he had eatered the 
service of Lord Fairfax, The famous gcnefal 
had resigned bie position an CommandeT-iD-Chief 
of the Parliamentary forces rather than attack 
the ScotH by way of defcBice, and had retired 
to his seat at Nunapplcton in Yorkshire. A 
man of ainguJar nobility and uprightness of eouI, 
he had tfafit taste fo'r literature whigh dae Eliza- 
bethan knights had made a traditioB among 
aoldiers as well as courtierSi His uncle was the 
famous tran»lator of Tauao. He himeelf toQlc to 
■writing passable verKes on rural subjects, and to 
his example and converse we owe those exquisite 
poems on country life, which MarveU composed 
diiriiig the tianquil and careless ifltefTal of two 
years spent as tutor to the young Lady Mary 
Fairfax. 

But while he was thus turning to literature^ 
under the influence of the great soldier of the 
Commonwealth, a greater poet, who had himself 
given up all purely literary work in order to 
further the cause of liberty, seems t& have pre- 
vailed upon Marvell to devote timself to those 
aflktrs of Stxte which were to occupy him from 
the prime of his life to the very day of his death. 
The friendship between John Milton and 
Andrew Marvell is one of the inoet famous in 
onr history. Hartlib, who knew Marveirs 
/riend Dr Pell, the mathematician, or some 



Cvl 



INTRODUCTION 



Cambridge tucd arc posaible links j biit it 1b hoc 
improbabk that the poets became acquainted 
through the SkiaDer». This is, at least, prefer- 
able to the iuppoaition of Milton's being on Buch 
familiiLr tcrme wUfa Fairfas that the general io- 
troduced Marvell to him. Id fact) as the hret 
eridence of any connection between the two 
fiiends is a letter from Milton to the Lord 
PreeidenC £radEhaw recommending Marveli for 
the position of ABsietani Foreign Secretary, one 
is at a losa to understand why Marrell did oot 
obtain some kicd of introduction from Fairfax 
himself, whose word woufd have carried far more 
weight. Milton's letter, however, Is too inter- 
esting not to quote, at Seast in part. {Hts 
references to "my condition" and "mine own 
condition," relate to hia blindoess.) 



"My Lord, — There will be with you to- 
morrow, upon 6onie occasion of biisioeBp, 
gentleman whose name k Mr Marvile ; a 
who is, both by report, and ihe converse I have' 
had with him, ofsinguIuT deeert for the State to_ 
' make use of; who also oJTers himself, if there 
any employment for hiiii. Hia father was tli 
minister of Hull ; and he hath spent four years 
abroad, in Holland, France, Italy, and Spaea, to 
very good purpose, aa I believe, and the gaining 
of those tour languages ; besides, he is a scholar. 



i 

have 1 
to 1 

tllC'^ 



INTRODUCTION 



XVII 



P 



wdl read tn Che Latin and Greek authors; 
» doubt of ati approved coavefisation, for he 
comcB now lately out of the houie of the Lord 
Fairfax, who was general, where he was iDtrueted 
to gire {lOme inccractione im the languages to the 
Lady, hiE daughter. If, upon the death of Mr 
WeclcerlyD, the Council shall think that 1 shall 
need aoy asHiBtAace io the performance of my 
place (though, for my part, I find no iocumbFancea 
of that which belongs to me, except it be in point 
of attendance at conferences with ambasBadors, 
which, I mnst confess, m my condition, I am not 
fit for) it would be hard for them to find a man 
so nC for that purpas^ ag this gentleman ; one 
who, I believe, in a short rime would be able to 
do them as much ^errice as Mr Aecan, This, 
my lord, I write aincereiy, without any other 
end than to perform my duty to the public, in 
helping them to an humble servaut ; laying aside 
those jeaioufiies, and tbat emulation which mia-e 
own conditiotj migbt suggest to me, by bringing 
in euch a coadjutor ; and remaio, my Lord, 
yoiu moBC obliged and faithful servant, 

" JOHK MiLroN, 



" February II, 1651'' 
(Modem ll^lc, Ftbruarj zi, 1653). 

Milton was Ixtter acquainted with Bradshaw 
than with the Lord Protector, b^i, unfortunately. 



XV tit 



INTRODUCTION 



within two months of hie letter, the Council 
State c«2Efd to exist, ParliaifneiDt was dissolved, 
uid Cromwell, as Dictator, gave the post To his 
own man. Milton may then have spoketi to 
Cromwell on behzlf of bis friend, but it is just 
as probahlip that other acquaintanccB of Marvell 
used theii good oiHces. The Chief Jtistic 
Oliver St John, wbo bad been chosen ti 
negotiate a confederacy between HngUnd and 
Holland in 1651, was well known enoogb to 
Marvel! for binn to send eome verges of com- 
plimeot on the occasioti. St John had married 
Elizabeth Osenbridge, the sister of a well- 
known preacher, John Oxenbridge, who h. 
obtained a Fellowship at Eton. Thefe 
lettci of the 28th July 1653, from Marvell to 
CromwelU who had appointed him tutor to one 
of his wards, William Dutton, and sent the two 
of them to reside with the Oxenbridges, Here 
Marvell again turned to poetry. The magic 
lines on "Bermudas " arose out of his convcrsati 
with Oxenbridge, who had returaed from 
preaching in that iBland, whither he had gone 
wh«n the High Church party were to power, 
and v?hefl, as George Herbert had said, — 

'' R«ligian 11006 on tip-coe in our lind 
Ready te pass to the AmeHMn Bttand," 

But if we may believe Milton, religio 

liberty was jugt as far front being obtained 



4 

v4~ 



11, 



■^ 

m 

I 



'RODUCTIOI 



Kl? 



under tie Presbyieriaas, The persons whom 

I they ajipointed to £.ach positions as that occupied 

I by Oxcnbridge displaced some men of a higher 

. character- For example, amoog those ejected 

from a Fellowsbiip was another friend of MarMeil's, 

John HaLeu, then liTing in poor lodgingA at 

EcOQ. " 1 account it nq email honour," said 

Marvetl later on in life, " to have grown up into 

Home pa.rt of iiis acquaintance, and con-rereed 

! nwhile with the living remaius of otie of the 

cleareat beads and best prepred breasts in 

ChriBtendom." 

At the eamc time Marvell was couaected 

with many Par 1 lament a riana. Oxenbridge seems 

, Co have introduced him co another Fellow of 

EtoDt Dr Nachaaiel lugelo, who became 

chaplain to Bulstrode Whittocke, the ambassador 

to the Qween of Sweden. Ingelo, who had been 

Greek Lecturer at Cambridge, must have been a 

congenial literary companion, and a letter written 

I to him at the Swedish court forms the longest 

of Marvell's Latin verses. And it was, perhaps, 

L^o the commepdation of Ingelo that Marvell 

^Kras entE^uated, Jo r6;;, with the writing of 

^HCromwell'H famous verseti to Queen Christina of 

^FSw^ea, which have been so often attributed to 

Milton, as Latin Secretary. 

Milton himBelf continued to correepond with 
th« younger poei, and in 1654 he sent him a 



tt 



INTRODUCTION 



copy of the " Dcfcosio " to preheat to Bradsha 
Marvel] in his reply paid Milton a oow fam 
compliment oq the work, «p«aitmg of it 
attaioiag the height of Romaa eloquence in the 
paaeage that ends, "When I consider how 
ecjuall^ it turns and rises witi so many figures, 
it seems to me a Teajafl's column, on whoi 
winding ascent we see emboBsed the sever; 
monuraents of your learned vicioriea," This 
was no idle compliment, as some modem critic. 
imagine. At that time the fatate author 
Paradise Lost was as famouG on the Gontinent 
Sir Thomas More and Bacon, and foreignera 
travelled to London in order to see the first two 
men of the age, Cromwell and Milton. Marve 
now had a thorough adtniratiOfl for Cromwelll 
conceiving him as one in whom deep religious 
principles were combined with common sense, 
a genins for war» and even ability in coiiistructi« 
politicB. He was possibly mistatcen as regard 
the Protector'e constructive power, but, like many 
reaaonsble men, he saw the necegKity for the 
rule of a strong man, recognising that the 
destinies of the country were safer in Cromwell's 
hande than to those of the impracticable and 
scheming fanatics of the extreme Poritan party. 
And if Marrell ever lost his seoee of moderatioa, 
it was in the mPJnent of enthusiasm, when there 
was a posiibility of the realisation of Cromwell's 



^9y 

3WmJ 

hiB^ 
ic^ 

TO 



A 



INTRODUCTION 



13C1 



idea of a great Protesuni League, which, under 
the begcmopy of England, should conttt)] the 
world and carry on the ReformaEion, This bo 
possesfied him that his political views were 
afterwards ^gmewhat distorted, through his pre- 
judice againaC Holland for not falling ia with the 
Proteglor'B acheme. Hie verseE on the firsi 
annivtrBary of Cromwell's gOTcrDment in l6^^. 
Indicate how much hia opinions had changed 
since 1650. Uofortunately, they aleo iodicate 
that his iospiratiQQ, bis beauty and terseness of 
expression, were vanishing. What a uiagnificem 
subject was offered in BlaVe's tragic deaihi 
while entering Plymouth Souod after his great 
victory at Santa Cruz, and yet of what little 
worth is Maryell's poem on the cTent! Some- 
what of his old grace is found in the verscB 
written in 1657 on the marriage of the Lady 
Mary Cromwell^ but they are a farewell aong 
to the pastoral muse, as he turns irrevocably to 
affaira of State. 

For in September of the eame year he became 
Milton's colleague b the Latin Se-creuryship, 
During thoee stirring days when Cromwell wa«f 
through MiltoCj addreaBing the powera uf 
Europe on such matters as the Vaudois persecu- 
tioD and the PTOtcetant Federation, Marvell wa& 
employed in welcoming tJie Dutch ambassadora, 
and receiving the diplomatic deepatches of the 



zm 



INTRODUCTION 



'4 



Elector of Brandenb«rg. A month after 
Marvell's ap'pointmcnt xaott^r famouN writ 
was engaged by the secretary. John MUti 
Andrew Marvell and John Dryden ! When wil 
Engliah poetry again be 30 well represented at the 
Foreign Office, and when wilt our Foreign Office 
Bpeak with suqh authority to the rest of the world ? 
We have a description of Marvdl about this 
time. He was a good-looking man of a middle 
height and strong bui!d ; hia roundish facet wi' 
cherry-coloured cheeks and expreBsive ha; 
eyes, being set in flowing browo hair. I 
converBation he was modest, and of very f« 
words. John Aubiey is our principal authorii 
for this Btatement. After the publication 
"Oceaaa" in 1656, Harrington and NesiU 
founded a political and phijoisophical ciub, the 
" Rota," of which Cyriac Skinner was somettme 
preaident. It attracted many men of ability, 
who used to meet at Miles's coffee-house, near 
Palace Yard, and discuss theories of governineoc 
It {fi probable that Aubrey, who was a member, 
met Marvel! there, 36 the poe: was one of 
Harrington's truest and most intimate frieoda. 
Their system of balloting was proposed in the 
House of Commons by Nevifl, hut the men in 
office were cot so tired of exercising power aa 
10 consent to surrender it m rotation. Hgw- 
ever, the systeme of the Rota Club, like the 



INTRODUCTION 



k-; 



simpler schemea of miliucy dicUtorebip dcBigned 
by The generalu of the army, were put an end 
to by the mcervendQa of Fairfax, the arrival of 
MdEick,and the offer of the crowQ to Charles II. 
This also put an end to the Latin Secretaryship, 
It in the ineaotime Marvell had begun to tate 
more retire part in politics^ Id January 1659 
he was elected M.P. for Hull, and he continued 
to represent the town until his death. Even io 
the middle of Cfaarlea II. 's reign, the peO'ple of 
Hull were so Hrongly Puritanical that Marvell 
himself had to warn them not to neglect the 
appeariDce qf loyalty ; and much of the in- 
fluence which the elder calvinistical MarTtll had 
acquired descended to his son. What might 
be called the Marvell interest was also 
fltrengthened by the marTiage of the poet's two 

ieters with merchants of high position. That 
townspeople came to admire Marveli for iua 
own ability and integrity is evident. In spite ol 
Bome long terma of employment on the ContiEeni, 
during which the Court party tried to get 
someone elseelectcd, and in apite of the slanders 
they spread about the town, the corporation 
continued to entrust their affairs to Marvelt, 
electing him in his abBence, and sending liini 
aU aona of friendly presents, in addition to his 

fee of 6». 8d. a day as their representative. 
By way of return he kept them accjuainted. 



INTRODUCTION 



during the twenty years ta which be 6« 
thtm, witb a][ the politic^] business of the age, 
Hundreds of hU letterB have been preBervi 
CDDStituting a mine of inforntstioa which tn» 
prave almOHt as Valuable to Dr Firth when b 
deals with the reign of Charles II. as were 
the letters of Bacon to Professor Gardiner in 
hia hiatofy of the reign of James I. The 
corrcfipondence, however, throws but little light 
on Marvell'e peiGonal affairs or feelings ; forai 
the letters were in a manner public he had to be 
careful only to make a plain Btatement of feet, 
and at times even this appears to have been 
attended with some danger. As in consequence 
of the ability he diaplayed Marvell was al. 
elected a member of Trinity Houae, HuH, and 
younger warden of the London Trinity House, 
he ha:d much to relate touching the lighting of 
ihe Humbcr. A more ioterestiDg sppoimmeni 
had he only left an account of it, was hi 
eecretaryehip to the old Pajliamentarianf Lori 
Carlisle, on an embaesage to Muscovy, Sweden 
and rteoTnark, which left London in April 
1663, and returned in June 1665. Unhappily 
we ha.Te a mere official relation of the journey, 
containing tbe letters of State and addresses 
written hy the Bccretary. 

Marvell's travels and Milton's retirement ini 
the country somewhat interrupted their intimacy- 



4 

I 



i 



INTRODUCTION 



izv 



iiyi 



afier the RescoratioQ, when Marvell, 
vcC'Oi'diiig to Miltoa's nephcwi. Edward PhiUipe, 
made a considerable party in PBTliament in 
e intereet of ihe great poei, and protected 
m from the fierce rcBcniment of the Cavaliers, 
the two frienda began to ece Icbb of each other. 
In addition toi hiE policicai duties, Marvell 
appeaia to have been occupied with some private 
busincGB in Holland, which, hj the way, coutd 
not in the end have been very profitable, as he 
li?ed frugally and died poor. Yet, however 
jttle Marvell henceforward saw of MtUon, 
continued to be not only his friend, writing 
commendatory versee to Parndisc Loif, but also 
his defender when the Chufch party went out of 
their way to make an attack oa him id. 1674. 

Shortly after Marvell's return tp England 
war was declared againet Holland* The next 
year the Great Plague broke out, and id 1667 
tie Dutch fleet, sailing up the Thamee> destroyed 
our shipping sDd threatened London. Marvel'r 
whose anger had been growing agaitisr Clarend&o 
for the severe measures that had been passed 
9igaiQi.t the OisHenters, notwithstaodtDg the 
King's proclamation in 1660^ then began, in his 
*' lustructionB to a Fainter," that eeriee of Gatire^ 
wbii^h long overE.hadaw<?(l hts poems. He was 
at Arst, like most men, inclined tb think well 
of the King, and so had to lay the blame upon. 



XZVI 



INTRODUCTION 



tbe miaiGters, Being go much in sympatbi^ 
■with the NonconformiaiB that it is difiicult ta 
know whether he was bimself a DiEeeater or a 
nan of L.aw Church views, he ws,b even more 
fierce against the High Church party. CEarendon, 
tberefore, in whose impeacbmeDt he took a part, 
wa$ in his eyes doubly detestable. Succ^sive 
changes in ministers, however, instead of leading 
Co any improvement only made matters worse; 
and when, \a 1673, the effect of ihe Dover 
treaty began to be seen, and it became a.pparent 
that the King himself was the woret man in t 
govemmcnt, Marveli's " wrath at the degr 
tioo. of hiE country, and the eceming hopelefisni 
of the struggle," made him sometimes app 
to be what he was not, in principle, under 
Cdmmuuwealth — a lierce Republican and a bittw 
opponent of the EBtablished Church, Whether 
from the o!d prejudice agatngt Hoiilaod, or froi 
a seflse of tbe difficulty in merely deposi 
James If., if he were permitted ta ascend t 
throne, in favour of a foj-dgn prince, he wai 
Doable to foresee a ftiCure liberator in Willjai 
of Orange j and what hope he profesBed 
have in tbe Stoan line was for a little whi 
(i;sed on the Duke of Monmoutb. This hope, 
however, was very slight ; his principal aim 
eeems to have been to bring about a condition 
of public feeling which should lead to the 



1 1^ 



INTRODUCTION 



^-eEtablishmeot of the Commonweahh, not 
immediately, bui on the death qf Charles II. 
He feared the Diike of York much more than 
detested the "poor Priapua king." 
Marvetl did Dot live to see any impravemecit 
in the Stale, flor did he Ijccome generally known 
ID his tifetime as a satiriat, foi his rersee were 
published aoopymouHly, He had no wish to 
purchase any fame by them at the price of death- 
He preferred to live atid write more. It was 
by his prose works thai he not only acquired a 
reptitatioti second to oone of his conteitiporarieH, 
but etFected a great change in the religious con- 
cr-ovecBy of his time. It had beea proposed by 
Bishops Wilkins, Tillotson and Stillingfieet, 
among others, that a bill ehould he brought into 
FarllameDt for a teconciiiaitioD between the 
Church and the Presbyterians, The project re- 
lated mainly to those things which the King had 
promi&ed by his declarntiun of 1660, but it was 
Tcbemently opposed by the High Church party, 
and an extraordinary vote was passed againet 
bringing in a measure for any treaty. Not con- 
teat with charging the Dissenters with false 
DotJODS in religion^ their opponents also accused 
them of being inclined to immorality. The 
moS't Tirulent and famous attack was m^ide by 
Samuel Parker, afterwards Bishop of Oxtord, 
ID a worh. wherein the coarsete butFoonery and 



XXVUI 



INTRODUCTION 



slander served for Eearning aod argumentT 
Marvels replied to Parker in a book entitle 
The Rtheartal Transprotcdt which, in its con 
plete form, uQt only remained unanswered, 
treated a general opinion strongly in faroor of 
the Puritane. This waa no slight thing to do 
io 3D age that etbll aorely remeinbered the " rei^ 
of the saintB," but Marvell was irresistible. He 
invenied, as was said ac the time, a new way of 
writing — a Itghc, easy, ironical, bantering aeylc, 
thai inlerested everybody in the argument, from 
the King down to the tradesman. When the 
liccQser, on behalf of the High Churchmen, waft 
about to suppress the second editioq, Charles 
11. ordered him to desist ; for Matyellj besides 
writing BO wittily chat the King deemed him 
the best prose satirist of the age, had managed^ 
in presenting his case, to separate the interesta 
of the clerical and the court patties. Beini 
closely confined to the issues of the day 
work is DOW somewhat unreadable, at leaat, 
found it ao ; yet Swift, who afterwardR applied^ 
the style in which ii was written to subjects of 
permanent interest, says, in regard to contrg* 
veraial works generally, "There is, of course,' 
ao exception when any great genius thinks it 
worth hia while to expose a foolish piece; bo 
we Hull read Marvell's answer to Parker witK, 
pleaBure, though the book it aoaweis be sunh 



'csta I 
einaH 

r| 

ilied" 



INTRODUCTION 



isix 



^^hei 



g ago." Two paflaages, ai le^t, have escaped 
ilirioD — that in which Milton is defended, and 
that m which the diBadvaotagea of a free press 
are pointed out with such irony as muBt have 
delighted the author of jfn Argument a^ainit the 
^lioliiioTi of Chrirtianity, 

Aa the recognised champioa of the Dissenters, 
veil continued to defend their interestK in 

er pamphlets, such as that ectttled Mr Smirttf 
or tiie Divine in MoUe^ but these qannot be said 
DOW to possess ^ny more than an historical value. 
Marvell, by this time, had become a man of 
induence in the eyes pf all parties. The King in- 
vited him to court, and the Lord High Treasurer 
came to his lodgings in order (u tiod out his 
price. If^Tell dismissed him with a jest, and 
Danby went away emiling. By the first Duke 
oi DcTonshire and those Members of Parliaiaent 
who were BO singular as to phce their country's 
interests above ail others, in spite of the induce- 
mentB of those in power, Marvell wa.B as much 
esteemed as he waji by Cishups StillingHeet and 
Crofts, and by Baxter, Howe, Owen and the 
Nonconformieta. If we only knew more about 
the poet's relations with the men of his day 
whom he wa.3 able to trust in political and re- 
ligious matters, same valuable literary diacoveriea 
' " t be made. Thorapsoot who edited his 

fit* towards the tniddle of the eighteenth 



i»« INTRODUCTION 

century, and added, amongBt other pieces, the great 
Ode on CromwelU said, '^1 have reason lo 
believe that there art maoy valuable rem^DH of 
Mr Marvell's erudiition in the poseession of 
private families, if people knew where to lay 
their hands 00 them." 

Towards the end of bis life, however, Manrell 
became a mao froni whoni it may have bem 
dangerous to receive any communicatioo, aad 
most of hiis private letters, for iikstance, were 
probably burnt when read. The Court party, 
despairing of winning him over, began to think 
of flilenciog him. It was observed in a lampoon 
that Marvell " adll wears his ears," but he was 
a Member of Parliament and not so easily 
pilloried. The courtiers who had cat off the 
nose of one member of the House of Commons 
for binting of the King's amours, may ha;ve 
thought that mere mntiiation wouldn't 
effectual in thia case. Attempts were made 
murder Marvell as he passed to and fro fr 
London to his cottage at Highbury. These 
were unEuccessful — the intended Tictim being a 
man of strong build, more afraid, as he said, of 
killing than of being killed. He had, in fact, 
grown too desperate over liie state of England 
(o care much about his life, and these attempts 
on3y made him write more daringly, Ii 
letter of the i8th of June 1678, to a friend, 



a^ve , 

I 



INTRODUCTION 



—"There came out, about Chnstmas 
las-t, a brge hook, concerning • The Growth of 
Popery and Arbitrary Government.' There 
have been great rewards offered in private, and 
considerable in the Ca^cttSy to any one who 
would inform of the author or printer, but they 
are not yet diecovered. Three or four printed 
books sioce have described, as near as it was 
proper to go — the man being a Member of 
Parliament — Mr Marvdl to have been the 
aatbor; but if he had, Burely he should oot 
have escaped being queEtioned in Parliament or 
some other pface." 

This, the last work of Marvell, was certainly 
a Tcry dangertms ooe to base pubtished. It 
cooaistcd of an exposure of the policy of the 
Courtftom 1667 to 1677, couched in moderate 
language, with long eKtractB from Farliaitientary 
proceedings, AM that MarveEl had written io 
his aatires was resumed in a Judicious and con- 
ciliating manner, in order to appeal to sober- 
minded, reflective men of various shades of 
opinion, who might allow no credence to nimowrs 
and lampoons. No open meaaiirea were taken 
against Marvell, either from want of definite proof 
of his being the author, or fronii a desire to avoid 
the question of the correctneas of his statements. 
But an inefTectuial attempt was made to remove 
the Tower, on a charge of striking 



TtTcxn fNTRODUCTtON 

anoiher Member of Parliament whom he ha 
stumblcfl against, and who, moreover, denied that 
tie had been struck. This happened on the 
igih of March 1678; and when, on the i8th 
of August following, Marvell died from at 
Dverdofie of opium adminietered during an 
attack of ague, it v/^s- commonly supposed 
that he had at last been c^uietly removed hy 
meana of poison. He was buried in St Cil» 
in the Fields— ihs town of HtiU paying £jo 
for his funeral. HtB constituients afterwaidE 
collected money for a monumem commemorat- 
ing the "unaherabie ateadinesa" of the "true 
patriot, !>elov'd by good men, fear'd by bad) 
admir'dbyall,"buttKe Royalist mitiisterhindered 
it being erected. Marvell died a very poor man, 
admtniatration to his ^at^te being taken out by 
hia widow, Mary Marvell, and a creditor, 
There was, however, among the poet's descend- 
ants a tradition that Marvell was not married, 
and that his Sandlady, in order to obtain hib^ 
effects, had represented herself a* his widow. 

From Bome lines written in 16; 5* it wou 
appear that Marvell, like Milton, thought 
writing a poem in "graver accents" — 

" If gracious Hrii«en trt my life give length, 
Leiiure 10 lime, and to my wcoImicbb iirength.'' 



But a seawn for meditation and slow worli 



INTRODUCTION 



SXXU1 



>r that dim lull of unappareoc growth, which 
ifjirte raUEt grant ue, tg 



I 



" Let at roll all our iirrngth, and all 
Oni iWeetncif op into one baLI." 



1(ra6 never hfe, A younger man than Milton, 

t succeeded him as the champion of political 
I religiouB liberty, In more hopeless^ more 
igerous, and yet Eess inspiring drctmiBtascea. 
[t was well said of tiie two poets — 



I 



" 'Tit MdTvell baffcE the wicked acta oF kingi, 
But what the Mutes dictate, Milton iipgi." 



But had MihoD maioed his eyesight, had Oie 

Kitimonwedth Indted and required hh aid, oj- 
'n had he been able to sit 'm FailiameDL with 
irveil, it is not impossible that he would have 
placed what be considered to be the cause of 
freedom before literature, and that his greatest 
faems would not have beep written. In that 
^pe MiltOD and MarvtU might have beeo 
Icnown as two frienda, who had written some 
exquisite poetry in their y^outh, and who bad 
then, at 3 time when it behoved every upright 
and able man to put forth all his powers, devoted 
thrir lives, not altogether ingioriouslj', to the 
tmmedi^te aersice of tiieir country. 

It must be admitted that Marvell's satircG and 
|iampblet& hare now less literary value than 



xxiiv INTRODUCTION 

Milton's proae works ; brat, I believe, that thej 
had mgre effect, at the time ihey were wriccenj 
on public opiDion. As in every thorough change 
in governmeDt, it was, without doubt, matnlii 
under the pressure of solid tacts that mei) bega 
to think that the fttate of Great Brita.in would 
only improTfi — 

" WbcQ tbe. reign of the Iiit of I be Stuarts wag ended," r 

But Marvell, hy exposing the gro6snee& ai 
despotic intentiotiH of the court, the corruptioi 
and want of patriotism of the mitiiatera and thi 
Parliamentary allies, the degradation of some 
the clergy, was the writer who moBt helped 
set tneo thinkitig. 

After his deaih other writers used to call 
"MarveU's Ghoat " to revisit the earth am 
coDtEDue hi$ work. His apirit did not pasa awa; 
from among men until its task was doae. A 
when by the kindneBs of the rhymers^ Marve' 
was at length allowed to return to " the Elysiao' 
Fields," be was not, pejhaps, tnuch perturbed ti 
find that, 001 without discredit to his literarj* 
reputation, he had done something by hia satires 
towards promoting the orderly revolution of 1 688. 
These satires are certainly unworthy of him. 
Etcd the best of them, such as the " Character of 
Holland," is for the author of the " Ode to Crom- 
well " and "The Garden," only an easay to the art 



d 



INTRODUCTION 



■SJTV 






of sinking. And, not to speak of some lapses 
into doggerel omitted from the prcseTit volume, an 
average example, such as "Flecknoe," i» not much 
diBtioguiahcd from the work of Cleveland,, who 
appears to have been, with Donne, his model in 
■atirical verse. Marvell did notdi&play the savage 
gieatDess of soul of a Juvenal ; he wrote as a 
practical politician, whoKe aim waa to bring about 
a few reasonable chaogee In mannere and gOTem- 
meot. Besides, hie attacks are too grossly and 
exclusirely personal to be called satires ; they 
are only mordant tampaons, the intercBt of which, 
ip Epite o( nmny witty turns and stringing ftpes, ie 
much more historical than literary. Above all, 
be wrote too carelessly. Endowed with a most 
original vein of humour, he did ppt trouble him- 
self about its expresBion, though Dryden, by com- 
posing Eatires with the same art as was employed 
in otber kinds of Terse, was then creating a new 
forrn in English literature. 

Happily, MarrelTs humour is seen in almost 
everything that came from his pen. It enters 
into charming combination with ihc airieat of his 
fancies, and the most splendid work of hia 
imaginatioti. It is often united with iine pathos. 
It uoderlies his hyperboles, and is found in his 
iflcoinparable descriptions of natural scenery. 
Though Marvell at tirst employed at fas- 
fetched conceits and disturbing images as DondCi 



YISVl 



INTRODUCTION 



Herbert, Crashsw, and Cowley, yet thcdelicae 

aiad ninibleness of his wit even then saved him, 
And if it seems now and then, a.s in his " DeDni- 
tion of Love," that he succeeds in nvalliog Uonae 
in the art of wreathing '* iron pokers into ttat 
love-knota," ii must be remembcj-ed that Trinity 
ColJege, where he vj3s educated, was the fouQtaici* 
head of metaphysical poeiry. Donne and George 
Herbert had left behind traditions which Cowley, 
among many others, was continLing, Moreover, 
Marvel! was probably brought into close person^ 
relations with Crashaw of Peterhoase through 
hi& Roman Catholic friends of that college. At 
B.11 cveatB, Crashaw's verse exercised much infli> 
ence on him when he began writing. For 
inGtauce, bis verses entitled " E yea and Tears" are 
Bcarcely more th^in a variation on the first and 
third poems in " Steps to the Tempte " ; many of 
themetaphors areeven identical. Yet the youager 
poet always had a manner of hia own. Tnsteaij 
of the intensity and extravagance in feeling and 
expression that distinguish Craahaw, his aoie 
W3S a kind of waywardneEs a.nd natural charm. 
Except in a few religious poems, and there hi£ 
sincerity was itself a restraintj he did not take 
bimEelf seriously enough to be chargeable with 
absurdity and affectation. The man with a very 
lively sense of humour is commonly a reasonable 
creature, Som«im«s you will fmd Mar veil 



INTRODUCTION xxxvii 

SiighingathiniseU^asiti "DaphniBandChloe"t to 
which, when reading it oTcr in a diA^i:rent mood, 
he has added two malicious verses, that turn a 
poem with fine passages into a bur!e§<jTie. Even 
in his address to " Coy Mistresa " he ia too witty 
to be a pa&aionate lover. 

Iq struggling against the fashions oi bis age, 
Marvell was coflfirnied by his Iotc of clasucal 
literature, Horace being his faTOurite poet. He 
never lost entirely the sease of iorm and 
proper restraint in expression, as the meta* 
physical school had done. The ancient writers 
hade him as they had bidden another great poet 
at Cambridge, disdain — 

" All thusc nrw-fangled loji and trimming alight, 

I Which Uke our laic fanlastki with delighf ^ 

^K Anil cull thoBC tidiest rgbes ami gaj^eat attire, 
^^L Which deepest spirits and choicest wits require." 

I knt^w that it is UBual to attribute Marvelt's 
simple and melocEious Tei'sificatio& to the direct 
influenceof Milton. Thephrase "gaddingvinea" 
which appears id "Lycidafl"and in the verscB 
"Upon Appleton House "isquoced, among others, 
but the evidence on which so large a statement ie 
bitBed secmB very slight. Milton himBelf borrowed 
much more from Cru&bsw. If niy ear is correct 
there is a considerable difference between the 
rhythms of the two friendly poets, although 
were, perbaps, partly derived from later 



XXXV11I 



INTRODUCrrON 



Elizabeth aofi, such as John Fletcher. And aan 
ttat by way of reaction from the far-fecched 
JDharmonious metres of their age, tbey retcrxed 
to oM eurythmical imodclB, MiUon and Maiyi 
as poete, hare absolutely aothing in comm< 
Msrvell, in spite of derivations from the meta- 
physical school, IE one of O'Ur moat original poeta. 

Hi& unioD of imaginaEion and wit, pathos, 
realiEm and fancifuJiiess givet Mb verse a remark^ 
ably iadividua! cjuaiuy, which is eohaaced by 
the "Doric delicacy" of his style. In order 
10 find ao picturesque and exquisite a painter of 
gardens, woods and >ieldi$ as Marvell, one might 
besitate to turn to Cliaucer, Wordsworth or 
Tennyson, or to Mr George Meredith at hia beet; 
for in this one matter, at least, Marvell ranks 
only second to Shakespeare. 

With hia merry humour and joy in the 
beauty of the world Marvell, oa leaving London 
for AppletoQ House, was like a child out on 
holidlay. His eenaes were as fresh, sind his mi 
was as full of wonder. He therefore became 
the {HKt of the English countryElde, at that 
delicious moment whefl there is wafted upon 
the air of spring the odour of summer 
flowers. The graver poet has left us only oue 
work, the grand Cromwellian Ode. The test 
politics. 

EDWARD WRIGHT. 



iUU 

■4 



BIBLIOGRAPHICAL NOTE 



« 



ANVofMarvell'sMfsesofa political nature 
were published aa broadsb^ecs or p^mph- 
leta^ but ooiy a few oi fhciD are now known to 
exiat to thisBtaie. The Hates of the icommendatory 
poems affixed to tlie works of Milton and other 
friends ace giTcn in the outes. 

The first collected edition of Marveli's non- 
political verseB was published by Mary Marvell 
about the year 1681, After the ReTolution 
most of the aactres were reprinted in the 1689 
ColU^Ubn ef Poemi pw Affairs of Stetr, of 
which there w«re two later editions. Dryden's 
and Gildan's Mitcfltanies also contained poema 
Mar^eJ]. 

In 172& Thomas Cooke edited bgth the 
ems and sBtifea, with tbe asBistauce of Marvel's 
aic<:efl ; and it) 1776, Captain ThonipGon, who 
had ac(}uired a maauiiicript collection made by 
Wm. Popple, a nephew of the poet, brought 
out aji eKcelknc edition, including many new 
poemfi, ttuclt aa the Ode on Cromwell. 




BIBLIOGRAPHICAL NOTE 

Thompson'B edition has been aloveoly re- 
printed in America and lately in England ; bm 
u more complete text, baa^ on a collation U 
early and manuscfipt copies, was prepared in 
1872 by [he Jate Dr Groeart. The wort 
done was impr-^ved upon by Mr G. A. Aickn 
in his Muses Library Edition, published in 1891, 
and lately reviaed. By the kindness of Jvli 
G. A. Aitkeuj and of the publisher and owtwi 
of the copyright, Mr A. H, Bullen, I have been 
kbic to base ray text on that of the Musei 
Library. 

AIihoQgh I have omitted some of the feebleit 
lampooDB and ^omc of the grossest lineg, I have 
CBdeavoured to give the present edition a value 
of iCB own, by inserting aotne long pa,seage5 aod 
many important new readings from manuacri 
aicquired by the British Museum siDce 
Aitken prepared his text. Although I think 
have been able to reetore hb Marvell's the piece 
entitled " The King's Vows " pr " Royal 
Resolutions," it would be difficult to prove 
any eacire at all was written by the poet. Sa 
vM-ses, which neceasarily appeared aoonymoua! 
and circulated largely in manu&cript, were often 
attributed to wrong persons^ the traoscribert 
either following common report, or else setting 
any plausible name before their copies. 
M^arvell, by reason of his reputation, is no doui 



and I 

I 

ece I 
iutfl 

'Uslfl 



BIBLIOGRAPHICAL NOTE xli 



still credited with fleyeral pieces befonging to 
other men ; even if Tereione were found in his 
handwriting, they might only bawe been satires, 
of which, like maay men of his age, he desired 
to keep a copy. No edition can be considered 
final, but were I preparing as complete a one 
as poiisible, I abouM include the set of "In- 
Amictions to a Painter," attributed to Denham. 
Aubrey, who k new both Denham and Marvell, says 
that these verses were written by our author, and 
Wtwd'a Btatement to the same eiFect ie more 
precise. The poem entitled " The Royaf 
Manual," attributed to Marvell, was, in my 
apinioD, written io the middle of the eighteenth 
century, soon after the ap]>earaT]ce of Gray'n 
" Elegy." I may be wrong as lo the dale, but 
it ia not the work of Marvell. 

With regard to my notes, I have benefited by 

^e work, done by Dr Groean and Mr C. A. 

^itken, and have found much inforniation in the 

felionai DiiSionary of Biography, and the Ncnu 

Etigfiifj Dhrliofiary. 

E. W. 




POEMS AND SELECTED 

SATIRES OF 

ANDREW MARVELL 

POEMS 
UPON APPLETON HOUSE' 

TO MY LORn FAIS.FAX 



WITHIN this sober frame exjjcci 
Work of no foreign archiwct; 
That unto caves the quarrieE drew, 
And forests did W pastures hew ; 
Who, of his great design in pain, 
Did for a model vault his brain; 
Whose columne should so high be raised, 
To arch the brows that od them gazed. 

' The atit q! Lord Fairfax, lying on tliE iiorlli-ctn 
bink of the WharTe, near fo ic« junction with the Ou(e- 
It wat 1 picturesque brick mansion, with * centre con- 
taining a hall fift/ j'irdi long, hdiJ two n'ingi, II IibiI 
(teen mainly built duriog tht Civil War, and wae jmt 
linithed wh«n Fairfax ao'l MptvcU arrived ibuuc the 
bcgifining of July 1650. 



POEMS AND SATIRES OF 



Why should, of all things, man, ucruled, 
Such Tinproportianed dwellings build ? 
The bcastB are by their dens exprt^ssed. 
And birds contrive an eq^ual neat ; 
The low-roofed tortoises do dwell 
In case* fit of toftoiae-shelJ ; 
No creature loves an empty space ; 
Their bodies measure out their pl%ce> 



But he, EUperiluously spread, 
Demands more room aiive than dead ; 
And in his hollow palace goe». 
Where winds, a& he, theniBelveE may lose. 
What need of all this marble cruet. 
To impark the wanton mote ' of dust. 
Thai thinks by breadth the world to unite, 
Though the first builders failed in height? 



liuit all things are conipoBM here, 

Like nature, orderly, and near ; 

In which we the dimensions And 

Of that mote sobct age and mind^ 

When larger-BJz^d men did sloop 

To enter at a narrow loop, 

As practising, in doors so strait. 

To strain themselves through Heaven's gat 

V 

And surelyj when the iftet-age 
Shall Either come in pilgrimage, 

' i4Ei editioo "mose"! Utettriitiom'^inole." 



ANDREW MARVELL 

These 63cr^ places to adoi-e. 
By Vcre and Fairfax ' trod before, 
Men wiil diepute how their extent 
Within such dwarfish conhnes went ; 
And SQme will amiJc at ihig, as well 
As R-oma!u6 hi8 bee-like cell. 



Humility alone deeigos 
Those short but admirable lines 
By which, uugtrt and unconstrained, 
Things greater are in less contained. 
Let othtre vainly strive to inimurc 
The circle in the quadraiure ! ' 
These holy mathematics can 
In every figure equal man. 

Yet thus the laden house d&es. sweat. 
And Scarce indiiree the Master great : 
But where he conies the sweJIing Mall 
Stirs, and the Square grows spherical ; 
More by his magnitude distressed, 
Than he is by its strattness pressed ; 
And too offitiously It slightE 
That tn tEBetf, which him ddighta. 

' Far sevEnil E^aecations llie Fairfaxca hart fovght and 
died undci Sit Fruacie Vcre aaA his brother Lorii Vcrc^. 
the firet Engliib. gsoeniU in modern history wIjq were 
great leaden in nur. Our Civil War wai coDductcij by 
iht men of ibt'n schaol, chief among whom wa* Fair&s 
himitlt, who, after hiving icrved undei Loid Vcre in the 
t-ow Cnantriei, liid rnairied his daughter. Lord Vcre 
had no doubt vidced hii HH-ia-lsw tad hii daughter at 
Nunapplctod. 

' To iquarc lli« circle. 



POEMS AND SATIRES OF 



So haDoior better lowaess bears. 
Than that unwonted greatness wears ; 
Height with a. certain grace docs bend. 
But low things clownis-hly ascend. 
And yet wh^t needs there here excus>c. 
Where everything does aoawer use ? 
Where neatnese nothing can condemn, 
Nor pride invent' what to contemn ? 

nc 

A stately frontispiece of poor 

Adorns without the open door ; 

Daily new fiimicure of frietids 

No less the roomfi withrn comnscndB. 

The house was built upon the pSace, 

Only a.s for a mark of grace, 

And for an ion to entertain 

Its Lord awhile, but no't remaia.' 



Him Bishop's Hill or Denton-^ cnay, 
Or Eillborow, better hoM than they ; 
But Nature here hath beeo go free, 
Ab if she said, " Leave this to me." 

' Finil out. 

' Cf. Lpril Fnirfjx's lines, " Upon the Ncw-buill Hon 
at NunapplMon'' : — 

" Tihink not, O man I that dwell) herein. 
This houie'a a s-tay, but ai an inn, 
Whifh toj vonv-nWate fitly itnnifi 
In vfny to on« uat made with haodi." 
'Bishop's Hill and Denton were other york:«hire 
rEiiiicDccg of Lorii Fair^i. 



ANDREW MARVELL 

Art would more neatly have defaced 
What she had laid so sweetly waste 
111 fragrant gardens, Bhady woods, 
Deep mcsdoWB, and traDspafeUt ^floods. 

zi 

While, with slow eyes, we these survey. 
And on each pleasant footstep stay, 
We opportunely may relate 
The progress of this house's fate, 
A □UoCiety first gave it birth,' 
For virgin buildings oft brought forth, 
And all that neighbour- ruin shows 
The quarries whence thie dwelling rose 

XII 

Near to this gloomy cloister's gates 
There dwelt the blooming virgin Thwailes, 
Fair beyond meaeure, and an heir 
Which might deformity make fair; 
And oft she spent the summer suns 
Discoursiog with the subtle nuos; 

' Lord FsirfaK'j ancdlcr, Sir WilliMn FairfsjE, wai 
betrothtd to a EK^utiful heir^iB, IinbcL Thwtj'tes, residing 
in the Ciilcrtian nunnery ol' Appkton, under the 
BoarilioosJijp of the prioress. Her guardisn tried to 
^induce her to become a nun, and taer lover wai 
^^^ut allowed to sec her. Fairfax, however, obtained 
^^|k ordcrr for Iiabcl'i rcleaic, broke Jib way in, and carry- 
^^Kg h^r vff to tils □ei£hbt>uri]ig church of Bolton Percy, 
^^BtDiiTJed her. This waA \a i^iS, Twenty-tour yratt 
^'lifter iVnrHs-f cin the dissoliitinn ot'thc moilBifl cries, Appieton 
nanctcry was obtained by Sir WiLlJain'E boob, ind out of 
its miilerialt Nunapplccun HouBe, or Applctan Houie ai 
Maivtil tails it, v^aa built. The tuitli lay to the louth 
of (he maDiioa, near totlie girilem and tivt^r-cidcmcadowi 
lich M^xvell proee«da (g describCi 



6 POEMS AND SATIRES OFi 

Whfncp, in these words, one to her weave 
(As 'twere by chance) thoughts long conceive 



■* Withia thifi hoCy leisure, we 
Live innocetiily, aa you see. 
These wallfl restrain the world without, 
But hedge our Siherty about; 
These bars inclose that wider den 
Of those wild creatures, calUd men ; 
The cloi&tcr outward ehuts itE ga.tcH, 
And, from us, locks on them the grates. 

XIT 

Here wcj in sliining armour white, 

Like virgin amazons do light, 

And our chaste lamps we hourly trini, 

Leat the great Bridegroom find them dim.' 

Our orient breaths perfumM are 

With incetiBe of incesBant prayer i 

And holy-water of our tears 

Most straDgely our complcxioo. clears ; 

XT 

Not tears of grief, but such as those 
With which calm pleasure overflows ; 
Or pity, when we look on you 
That live without this happy vow. 
How should we grieve that mu6t be seen 
Each otie a spouse, and each a queen, 
And can in heaven hence behold 
Our brighter robes and crowna of gold ! 



ANDREW MARVELL 



When we have prayed all our beadi. 
Some one the holy Legend reads, 
While all the rest with needles paint 
The face and graces of the Saiot ; 
But what the linen can't receive, 
They tn their lirea do interweave- 
This work the Saints best represents ; 
That aerres for altar'a ornaments. 

JCTII 

But much it to our work would add^ 
If here your hand, your face, we had: 
By it we would our Lady touch ; 
Yet thus she you resembles much. 
Some of your features, aa we sewed. 
Through every shrioe should be beatowed, 
And in one beauty we would take 
Enough A thousand Sitiats to make. 



And (for I dare not quench the fire 
That me docs for your good inspire) 
'Twere sacrilege a iiian to admit 
To holy chlDge for heaven fit. 
I s&e the angela in a crowo 
On you the lilies ehoweriog down ; 
And round about you gtory breaks, 
That BomeThing mote than iuiinan spealta 



All beauty when at such a height 
Ib bo aheady consecrate. 



POEMS AND SATIRES OF 

Fairfax I know, and long ere this 
Have marked the youthi and what be is ; 
But cat! he mch a rival seem. 
For whom you Heaven should disesteem ?| 
Ah, no! and 'twould more honour prove 
He your devolo were, than love' 



Here lived beloviicl and obeyed. 
Each one your Bister, each your maid ; 
And, if our rule seem strictly peaocd. 
The rule itself to you shall bend. 
Our Abbess, too, now far in age, 
Doch your succt^seioD neai prcBage. 
How Boft the yoke on ua would tie 
Might such (nir hands bb yours it tie I 

XXI 

Your voiccy the sweetest of the quire. 
Shall draw Heaven nearer, raise us highcrJ 
And your example, if our head, 
Will soon ue to perfection lead, 
Thoee virtues to as all so dear, 
Will straight grow sanctity when here; 
And that, once Bprung, increase so fast, 
Till miracles it work a.t last, 

Nor is our Order yet so nice, 
Delight to banish as a yice: 
Here pleasure piety doth meet, 
One perfecting the other sweet j 

' Fur bim to be your itevoice ratlicr tbaa yo-ur Idvct. 



ANDREW MARVELL 

So througb tbe morta! fruit we boil 
The sugaf's UnCorrupting oil. 
And thai which pcriahed while we pull. 
Is thus jireaervM clear and full. 



I 

I 

I 
I 

I 



For such indeed are all our arts, 
Still haodliTig Nature'E finest parts: 
Flowers dreas the altars ; for the clotkes 
The Bca- born amber we compose ; 
Balme for the grieved we draw ; and paetes 
We mould as baits for quriou^ taHtes, 
What need is here of man ? unless 
These as sweet eins we should confess. 



Each night amoag us to your side 
Appoint a Fr>esh and virgin bridp, 
Whom, if our Lord at midnight find, 
Yet neither should be left behind. 
Where you may He as chaste tn bed 
As pearls together billeted ; 
AH oight embracing arm and arm, 
Like crystal pure with cotton warm. 



But what IE thiE to all the HCore 

Of joys yoti see, and may make more? 

Try but awhile if you be wise ; 

The trial neither coats nor ciea," 

Now Fairfax eeek her promised faith !^ 

Religion that dispensM hath ; 



lo POEMS AND SATIRES OF 

Which she henceforward does begin ;' 
Tbe nun's smooth tongue has sucked her it 



Oft, though be knew it was id v;iia. 
Yet would he Talia.ndy complain : 

" Ib this, chat Bauctity so great, 
An .art by which you finelier cheat ? 
Hypocrite- witches, hence avaunt. 
Who, though in prison, yet inchant ! 
Death only can such thieves make fast, 
Aa rob, though io the dungeon csatt 



Were there but, when this house v/36 made, 
One stone that a just hand had laid. 
It muBt have fali'n up-on her head 
Who firs: thee from thy faith misled. 
And yet, how well coever meant, 
With claem 'twould soon grow frauduli 
For like themselves they alter aJI, 
And vice tnfecta the very wall ; 

XXVI ri 
But sure those buildings laat not long. 
Founded by folly, kept by wrong. 
I know what fruit their gardens yield. 
When tiiey it think by night concealed.! 
Fly from their vices : 'tis thy state,' 
Not thee, that they would consecrate. 
Fly from their ruin : how I fear, 
Thougii guiltless, lest thou perish there! " 

' She now entCTt upon her religioug life^ which But] 
those vowi she flighted to FairfiH, 
' Eitate. 



ANDREW MARVEIL 



1 1 



What should he do ? He would respect 
Religion, but not right neglecL : 
For first, religion ti-ught him right, 
And dazzled not, but cleared his sight. 
Sometioies, resolved, hia sword he draws, 
But reverenceth theo ihe laws ; 
For justice stiJ] that courage led, 
^^Ftrst from a judge, then soldier bred.' 

^B XXX 

j^nmall hooaur would be in the storm ; 
The Court him granta the hv/fv] Furm, 
Which ticenHed either peace or force. 
To tinder the uojusc divorce. 
Yet Btill the nuns hia right debarred, 
StandiDg upon their holy guard. 
I It- counselled wOmCn, do you know 
Whom yOU resist, or what you, do ? 



i 



Is not this he, whoee offspring fierce 
Shall fight through all the universe i 
And with succesHive valour try 
France, Poiand, either Germany, 
Till oBc, 4B long sipce prophesied. 
His horse through conquered Britain ride? 
Yet, against fate, his spouse they kept, 
Aod the great race would intercepC. 

■ Sir WiUiiiin Fairfas'a father Wb8 a juiigt, aflii bit 
gtanclfattci, Sir Gay Fairfax, was LorJ Chief Juiticc of 
King'f Btnch in Henry Vll.'e r«ign 



12 POEMS AND SATIRES OF 

XXXCE 

Some to the breach^ against their foes, 
Their wooden SaiotH in vain oppose ; 
Another, bolder, stands at push, 
With their old holy-water brush ; 
While the disjointed AbbesB threads 
The jingling chain-shot of her beads ; 
But their loud'sc cannon were thcis lungs 
And sharpest weapons were their tongues. 

XKXllE 

But, waving these aside like flies, 
Young Fairfax through the wall does rise 
Then the unfrequented vault appeared. 
And stiperetidona, vainly feared ; 
The relics false were set to view ; 
Only the jewels there were true — 
But truly bright and holy Thwaites, 
That weepjng at the altar waits. 

XXXIV 

But the glad youth away her bears, 
And to the nuns bequeathes her tears, 
Who guiltily their prize bemoan, 
Lilce gipsies that a child have stol'o. 
Thenceforth (as, when the inchantment cb 
The castle vanishes or rends) 
The wasting cloiwer, with the reet. 
Was, in one instant, dispOBBes&ed. 

XXXV 

At the demolishing, this Beat 

To Fairfax fell, as by escheat ; 

And what both nuns and founders wilFcd, 

*Tis likely better thus fulfilled. 



ANDREW MARVELL 



For if the virgin proved not theirg, 
1^ The cloister yet rt^main^d hers; 
■jThough mapy a duo there made her tow, 
^VTwa9 DO religious house till now. 

^f KXXVI 

From that bleei bed the hero came 
Whom France aod Poland yet does fame ; 
Who, when retired here to peace, 
His waxlike studicK could not ceaae } 
But laid these gardeiiG out, io sport, 
In the just figure of a fort, 
Add with five hastions it did fence, 
8 aiming one for every sense. 



r 



When in the eaet the morning ray 
Hangs out the colours of tiic day, 

The bee through these known alfeys hums, 
Beating the diao^ with Its drums. 
Then lowers their drowsy eyelids raise. 
Their siJkea enBign§ each displays, 

' Si; Clement R. Marldiiam, Dr Cr>DaaTC ^nd Mr G. A. 
Aitkeu think tliat Lord FsirfaK ia hen rcfetred to. The 

^lUemstivc, perbape, is the gen era Tb grandfather. The mas 
Fairfax, vho waa luiigEited for gaLIant conduct bcforf 
Roncn by Lofd EsSrx, and serifEcl, like UnClc Toty who 
alio had 3 lute fur milj'tiry garilcning, ini diE Low 
Coimtrisa and (lfewh*rt. Queen Elizabeth nfterwardj 
appoLDted him to a diplomatic foU. When two of tEie olni 
iolditr'^ hravc boys, who died fighlirp in the Palatinate, 
were campaigning in Hollanil, he crowed the «e9« and 
■ bareij their berf nf straw, ppeply disappointed by ihc 
peaceful ^isjKiBiiioD of FerdJrs.n<lD, the heir, he lived to see 
the old spirit □{ hit race revive in "ElarkTom," but 
died before the general riiitinguiBhed himself, 
e Teveille. 



p 



POEMS AND SATIRES OF 



1 



Whence, id theee words, one W ber weaved 
(Ab "^twere by chance) thoufihis loog ■concei ved ij 

XIII 

" Wichici this holy leisure, we 
Live innocently, as you see. 
Theae wails restrain the world without, 
But hedge out liberty about; 
These bars inclose that wiiter den 
Of chose wild creatures, callM rncn ; 
The cloieter outward shuts its gates, 
And, from us, lockt on them the graCea. 



Here we, ia shiaing armour white. 

Like virgin amazona do (igbt,. 

Aad our cbaete Umps we hourly uim, 

Lest the great Bridegroom find them dim. 

Our orient breaths perfumed are 

With incense of incessant prayer f 

And holy-water of our tears 

MoBl strangely our complexion cleara ; 

XV 

Not team of grief, but such as those 
With which calm pleasure overflowfl j 
Or pity, when we look or you 
Thai live without this hajipy vow. 
How ahould we grieve that must be Seen 
Each one a spouse, and each a queen, 
And can in heaven hence behold 
Our brighter robea and crowns of gold ! 



ANDREW MARVELL 



Wben w« have prayid all our beads, 
Some one the holy Legend read?, 
While a.\\ the re«.c with needles paint 
The face and graces of the Saint ; 
But whst the Ijaen can't receive, 
They in their lives do interweave. 
Thia work che Saicta beat represents; 
That servcB for ahar'a ornaments. 



I 



XVII 

But much i: to our work would add. 
If here your hand, your face, we had: 
By It we would Qur Lady touch ; 
Yet thus she you reaembles much. 
Some of your features, as we sewed, 
Throngh every ahrine should be bestowed, 
And in one beauty we would take 
Enough a thousand Saints to make. 



And {for T dare not quentrh the fire 
That me does for your good inspire) 
'Twcre sacrilege a maa to admit 
To holy things for heaven fit. 
I see the angels id a crown 
On you the lilies showering down ; 
And round about you glory breaks, 
That something more than human speaks. 



All beauty when at such a height 
Is ao already consecrate. 



i6 POEMS AND SATIRES OP 



And yet there walks ooe on the sod. 
Who, had it pEe^Eikl him and God, 
Might QDce have made our gardens spriQg 
Ftesh as hie own. and flouriEhing. 
But he preferred to the Cinque Ports ' 
Theae fiye imaginary forts, 
Aod, in those half-dry trenches, spanre^^ 
Power which the oreao might command. 



For he did, with his utmost skill, 
Ambition weed, but conscience tiU ; 
Conscience, that heaTcn-nurscd plant} 
Which most our earthly gardens want, 
A prickling leaf it bears, afld such 
As that which shrinks at every touch, 
But tJowers eternal and divine, 
That in the crowpe of Saints do Bhine. 

JtLVI 

The eight does from these bastions ply 

The in-visible artillery ,, 

And at proud Cawood Castle * seeme 

To point the battery of its beams ; 

' Oq Kiigrtifig tile Cti^mmaQ^emliip-iu-Chief, Fsi 
Kllrerl from Walnicr Castle, the tesirlEnce of tlic Waril 
of the Cinque Porla. 

' The ancient reiidetue cf the Archbifliop of Votk,' 
lying a few niriles to [he iiQulb of Nunapplelon. The 
gorrison to 1643 hcid altempicrl to cut off Fairfak'i 
teireat afler th? battle of A<ld«tpn Moor, but although 
they wciurideil the EFnenl himicLf, they were beaten 
bick into the castle^ whiclii in 1646, wq« iliamaDtlril bv 
tlie Parliamentar)' forcM. 



ANDREW MARVELL 



As if it quarrelled ' in the seat. 
The ambitioQ of its pn 
But o'er ilje meads bel 
Or innocEncly EeeniB Co gaze- 



great ; 

plays, 



I 



YI.VI1 

And DOW Co the abyes I pass 
Of tiaat unfathomable grass, 
Where men like grasshoppers appear, 
But grasshoppers are giants there : 
Tbey, in their squeaking laugh, contemn 
Us as we walk more low than cheni, 
And from the precipices tail 
Of the green spifca lo us do call. 

XLTIJl 

To see meo through this meadow dive. 
We wonder how they rJae alive ; 
As, under water, Dane doe^ know 
Whether he fail through it, or go ; 
But, as the mariners that Jioundj 
And show upon their lead the ground. 
They bring up flowers so to be seen, 
And prove they've At the bottom bcea. 

Xl-tX 

No scene, that turns with engines strange, 
Does oftener than these meadows change ; 
For when the buh the grass hath ?exed, 
The tawny mowers enter next, 
Who Bccm Eike Israelites to be 
Walking on foot through a green sea. 
To them the grassy deeps divide, 
And crowd a lane to either side; 
' Centured. 



I8 POEMS AND SATIRES OF 



With wtiiading scythe antt elbow strong 
These massacie the grass along ; 
While onCf unknowing, carTca the raili; 
Whose yet Tinfeathered qiit!i& her fail 5 
The edge all bloody from its breast 
He draws, and does his strolte detesl. 
Fearing the ficBh, untimely rnowed, 
To iiira a fate as black forebode. 

LI 
But bloody Thestylis^ that waits 
To bring the mowing camp their catcs, 
Greedy as kite, has truBsed it up 
And forthwith meaoG od it to sup ; 
When on another tjuick she lights. 
And cries, " He called us Israelites ; 
But now, CO' make his saying true, 
Kails rain for quails, for manna, dew.'^ 

LII 

Unhappy birds 1 what does it boot 
To bnild below the grass's root ; 
When lowncBS is onaafe as height 
And chance o'ertakes what 'scapeth 
And now your orphan parents' call 
Sound-B your untimely funeral; 
Death-trumpets creak iti such a note. 
And 'tta the sourdine* in iheir throat. 

LIEI 

Or sooner hutch, or higher build : 
The mov/er now commands the licld^ 

' Ttc Imd-rRil of cotn-crakc. 
'A hrian«-«0'UTi<llDg trumj^el. 



ANDREW MARVELL 



19 



* 



In whose new traverse seetneth wrought 
\.A camp oF baiitle newly fought, 
'Vfhece, aa the meads with hay, the plain 
Lies quilted o'er with bodicB sJain : 
The women that with forkB it fliag 
Do rcpreaent Lhe pillaging. 



» 



And now the careless victors jilayi 
Dancing the criuraphs of the hay. 
Where every mower's wholcjiomc heat 
Smells like ati Alexander's sweat ; ' 
Their females fragrant as the mead 
Which they in fairy circles tread : 
When at their dance's end they kiss, 
Their Dew-made b^y not aweeter is. 



I 



"When, after this, 'tis piled in cocks, 
Like a calm sea it shows the rocks; 
We wondering in the riTcr near 
How boats among them fiafely atcer ; 
Or, like the Desert Memphis^ sand, 
Short pyramids of hay do eUnd ; 
And such the Roman camps do ri»e ^ 
In hille for soldiers' obsequies. 



This Bcesp, again withdrawing, brings 
A new and empty face of things ; 

' Ci". North's. Piuiardt! "All tlie apparel he ware neil 
to hit bgily took ihereof a pB(iLii£ ijekightful bbvout, n> 
hail been p«ftiineil." 
'Riitc 



1 



POEMS AND SATIRES OF 

A levelled Space as smooth and plain^ 
As dothcB for Lilly ' stretched ro slain. 
The world when firet created sure 
Was Buch a table rase and pure ; 
Or rather such is the Toril,' 
Ere the bulls eptcr at Madril. 



LVCI 

For to this naked equal flat, 
Which Levellers * take pattern at, 
The vilJagerfl, in commoB chase 
Their cattle, which it closer rase; 
And what below the scythe increa-sed 
Ih pinched yet nearer by the beast. 
Such, in the painted world, appeared 
Daveaant, with the universal herd.i 

They eeem within the polished graas 
A laodstip drawn in looking-gksB ; 
And shrunk in the huge pasturej show 
A§ spots BO shaped on faces do j 

■ A well-known dyer of tbe age. 

'The arena at Madrid. 

' The democratic party araoiiE tfac Parli'amcntnry f( 
who mutiniEd. and were defeated by F.iirfii:. 

+ A rtfereflce to Divtna.in.'a datnpliaa of paintiag 
the lix dajt' creation in Gandlbtrff canto Vl. 

"Then itr^aiglit an uaiveran! hcrri appear*, 
First gating oa txch otlwrr in the shade, 
Wondering with JcvelleH eyes nii'l liftcrt eara," etc. 

Atl tbe poets of the age \aA their Jen j1 the I 
LiureiCe'a work. 



ANDREW MARVELL 



2r 



Such fleas, ere they approach the eye, 
In multiplying glasses lie. 
They feed ao wide, eo slowly move, 
As coDstelktiotiEt do above. 



I Then, to conclude these pleasant acts, 

'Centon sets ope its cataracts; 

' And makea the meadow truly be 
What it but seemed before, a sea : 
For, jealous of ke Lord's long stay. 
It tries 10 invite him thus away. 
The river in itself is drowned, 

I And isles the aetonished cattle round. 



Let others tell the paradox, 
' How eels oow bellow ia the oX ; 
How horses at their tails do Iticlt, 
Turned, as they tiang, to leeches quick ;' 
How boats can over bridgcB sail, 
And fishes do the Kable* scale ; 
How aalntoDE trespassiog are round, 
And pikes are taken in the pound 1 



Bat I, retiring from the flood,^ 

kTake sanctuary in the wood j 
Wiis thought thm the haira of a horse'ti Uil when 
.[ ta water turneil tu cell. 

Ii( low mcpiiowi, or " ia£i," atgng the Wharfe were 
pd At RooJ, anrJ M^-irvcIl aow luras to the nuble 
vfith iplcndiJ oak Ireca eitcnding H&rthwfirJ 
front of Nunippletoa Hciiise, 



"li POEMS AND SATIRES OF 

And, while it Uete, myeelf imbark 
Id this yet greeo yet growing ark. 
Where the fiiet carpenter might best 
Fit timber for his keel ha^e pressed, 
And where all creatures might have shar«s, 
Although in armieEr not in pairs. 



The double wood, of ancient stocks. 
Linked in so thick an uDian, [ockB, 
It like two pedigrees appears, 
On one hand Fairfax, th' other Vere« ; 
Of whom though many fell in war, 
Yet more to Heaven shooting are : 
And, aa they Nature's cradle decked. 
Will, in green age, her hearse expect. 

L7CI1I 

When first the eye this forest sees, 

It seems indeed as wood, not trees i 

As if their' neigSibourhood so old 

To DQe great trunk them at] did moutd. 

There the huge bulk takes place, as meant 

To thrust gp 3 fifth element, 

And stretches Kill bo closely wedged, 

Ae if the night wirhin were hedged. 

LKIV 
Dark all without it knits; within 
It oi[>enN pnsEable and thin, 
And \a as loose an order grows, 
As the Cori-nthian porticos, 
The arching boughs unite between 
The tolumns of the temple green. 



* 



ANDB-EW MARVELL " 

And underneath the wing^ quires 
Echo about their tun^ tires. 






The □ightingale does here make choice 
To sing the trials of her voice ? 
Low shrubs she sice inland adorns 
With muBtc high the equatted tborni:; 
But highest oiLkH stoop down to hear, 

nd listening ciders prick the ear ; 

he tliorn, lest it should hurt her, drflwa 
Within the skin tte shrunken claws, 



ut I have for ray niniBic found 
A sadder yet more pleasing sound ; 
The stock-dovea, whose fair necks are graced 
With nuptial rings, tliei: enfiigoa chaste. 
Yet always, for eome cause uakaown, 
Sa.d pair, unto the elms they moan. 
O why should such a cOuple mourn, 
Thai in 60 ecjual flames do burn ! 



Then as I careless on the bed 
Of gelid ' atrawberrtea do tread. 
And through the hazels thick eapy 
The hatching throstle's shining eye. 
The heron, from the ash's top, 
The eldest of its young lets drop. 
As if it stork-ltke did pretend 
That tribute to ita Lord to send. 

' Refrnhingly cool. 



84 POEMS AND SATIRES OF 

LIVItl 

But most the hewel's ' wonders are, 
Who here has the hohfeleter's" care; 
He walks still upright from the root, 
Measyring the timber with his foot. 
And all the way, to keep it clean, 
Doth from the bark the wood-moths gleaii 
He, with his beak, examines well 
Which fit to stand, and which lo ^11. 



The good he numbers up, and hacks 
As if he marked them with the axe j 
But where he, tinklitig with his beak, 
Doeg find the hoFlow oak to speak, — 
That, fot his building, he desigu;^. 
And through the tainted side he minei 
Who could ha:vc thought the tallest oak 
Should fall by such a feeble stroke 



Nor would it, had the tree not fed 
A traitor worm withio it bred. 
As first our ileeh, corrupt withiP, 
Tempts impotent and bashful sin. 
And yet that worm triumphs not long, 
But fierTe& to feed the hewel's young, 
While the oak seems to fall content. 
Viewing the treason's pLmishment. 

' The green woailpcclcer or yntllc, 
' Wwdcutter, 



ANDREW MARVFXL 25 



Thus, I, easy philosopher, 
Among ihe birds and trees confer; 
And little now to make me, wants, 
Or of the fowls, or of the plants : ' 
GiTe rae but wings as they, and I 
Straight floating on the air shall fly ; 
Or turn me but, and you shall see 
I was but an inverted tree. 



Already I begin to call 

Id their most learn'd original, 

And where 1 language want, my signs 

The bird upon th^: bough diTines, 

And more attentive there doth sit 
Than if she were with lime-twigs knit. 
No leaf does tremble in the wind, 
Which I returning cannot find. 



Out of these scattered Sibyls' leaves 

Strange prophecies my fancy weaves, 

Ajid in one history consumes^ 

Like Mexii^ue paintings/ all the plumes ; 

What Rome, Greece, Palestipe, e'er said, 

I in this light mosaic read. 

Thrice happy he, vnho, not mistook, 

Hath read in Nature'^ mystic book ! 

' Little now ia lacking lo make me eidier bird or plant 
' Deiifiu made of feaihcrs. 



i6 



POEMS AND SATIRES OF 



LXXIV 

And see how ChaDce's better wit 
Could with a mask my Biudies hit ! ' 
The oak-leavcB me embroider all, 
Between which caterpilJars crawl ; 
And ivy, with familiar trails, 
Me licks and cEaspa, and curls and hales. 
Under this antic cope I move} 
Like Bonie great prelate of the grove. 

LXXV 

Then, languishiog with ease, I toBB 
On palletE Bwo!n of velvet moas j 
While the wind, cooling through the bouj 
Flatters with air my panting brows. 
Thanks for my rest, ye mosey banks, 
And unto you, cool zephyrs^ thanks. 
Who, as my hafr, my thoughts too shed. 
And winnow from the chafTniy head I 

LXXVI 

How safe, mpthinks, and strong, behind 
These trees, have [ incamped ray mind ; 
Where beauty, aiming at the heart, 
Bend^ in some tree its useless dart, 
And where the world no certain shot 
Can make, or me it toucheth doi, 
But I cin it securely play, 
And gall its horecmen all the day. 

LXXVIt 

VBind me, ye woodbinee, in your twines ; 
Curl me about^ ye gadding vines; 

' Set how ihc bettit wit of happy chince coold 
vide axt wjlh niniquin^ habit io milcli my studiu. 



I 



ANDREW MARVELL ay 

And oh, 80 close your circles lace, 
That I may never leave this place ! 
Butj lest your fetters prove too weak, 
Ere 1 your ailken bondage bfeak, 
Do you, O bramblea, chain me too, 
And, Courteous briars, nail me through ! 



Here in the morning tie my chain, 

Where the two woods have made a lane. 
While, like a guaid on either side, 
The trees before their lord dividt ; 
This, like s. long and equal thread. 
Betwixt two labyrinths does lead, 
But where flhe floods did lately drown, 
There at the evening uake me down. 

LXXIX 

For now the waves are fatlV and dried. 
And now the meadows frcBher dyed, 
Whose grass, with raoieter colour dashed, 
Seema as green ailks but newly washed. 
No serpent new, nor crocodile, 
Remains behind our little Nde ; ' 
TJiilfrBs itself you will mistake 
Among these mends the only snake. 

LXXX 

See in what wanton barmJcas tolde 
It everywhere the meadow holds, 

[The Whirft river, Cf- ^ffany an^ Cfffuiira, ii. 7. 
fiu.r tcfpeiil af Egypt it bred now uf ynur mU'l by the 
atlon of youi tna ; 10 » your CTMrodilc." 



28 POEMS AND SATIRES OF 

And its yeC muddy back doth licit. 

Till aa a crystial mirror slick,' 

Where all thinES gaze themselves, and doub 

If they be in ic, or without ; 

And for his shade which therein Bhines^ 

NaxciBsuti-like the sun too pines. 



Oh what a pleasure 'tia id hedge 
My templea here with leafy ' sedge ; 
Abandoning my lazy aide, 
Stretched as a. bank unto the tide ; 
Or to suspend my sliding foot 
On the osier's underminS^d root. 
And in its branchicB tough to hangj 
While at my lines tie fishes Cwmg ! 

Lxxxn 

But now away ffly hooks, my quilU, 
And angles, idle utensils ! 
The youDg Maria^ walks to-night : 
Hide, trifling youtEi, thy pleasures slight ; 
'Twere shame that such judiciout eyes 
Sfaau!d wcth such toya n man eurpriBe ; 
She that already is the law 
Of all her wx, her age'a awe. 

' Smooth. ' l6Si ed.,^' heavy. ■" 

3 Lord Fairfai'i riaufhterj Msry, aftetwirdl DucImm 
of Buckingham. Marvcll was then icting- la htr tutor. 
Nc^lecled by htr hastaod, and yet by rank the first laily 
nl" ChflrlM II, 's Tttt,n, the b«aniE the ioliiaate frieud of 
ihe <]iii;en, nnil waa i:«tc:crncd Ike mcst viftlKiDl and piom 
wouian ■□ the camipt court of that ngc. 



d 



ANDREW MARVELL 



29 



See how Iookc Natiire, in respect 
To her, itself doth recoJiect, 
And everythmg so whisht ' and fmc, 
St&rts forthwith into its bannf mine.- 
The Euo himself of her a.warE, 
Seems to descend with greater care, 
And, lest she see him go tn bed, 
In blushing clouds conceals hiit head. 



Su when the shadows, laid asleep, 
From underDeatb theee bauka do creep 
And OD the river as it Howe, 
With ebon shuts ^ begin to close. 
The modew halcyon 1 cornea in Bight, 
Flying betwixt the day and night ; 
And such an ho:ror calm and dunib^ 
Admiring Nature does benumb. 



r,.YJfxv 
The viscous air, wheres'er she fly, 
Follows and eucks her azure dye ; 
The jellying titream ■compacts below, 
If it might fix her shadow eo ; 
■-The stupid fishes, hang, afi plain 
As ftiea in cryfltal ovena'eriv 
And men the silent ^cene aesiet, 
Charmed with the sapphire-wingfid mist. 

' Quki. 

' Pq|« on. its goad linoks. 

) EbO'Dy ihutten. 



|o 



POEMS AND SATIRES OF 



Maria Bucb, and bo doth hmh 

The world, and through che eyeoing tosh. 

No new-born comet Buclk a train 

Draws through the Kky, nor star new elaiD ; 

For acraight thoae giddy rockets fail, 

Which from the putrid earth exhale s 

But hy her flames^ in Heaven cried. 

Nature is wholly vitrified. 

LXXXVII 

'Tis flhe that to these gardens gave 
That wondrous beauty which ihey have ; 
She straiglitnesB on the woods !jestows ; 
To her the meadow sweetness owes ; 
Nothing could make the river be 
So crystal pure, but only ehc, 
She yet more pure, sweet, straight, and fair 
Than gaiirdeDS, woods, meads, rivers ore. 



Therefore what first she on them spent. 
They gratefully again present : 
The meadow, carpets where to tread^ 
The garden, flowers to <;rown her heitdf j 
And for a glass, the limpid brook 9 

Where Ehe may all her beauties look. ; 
But, since she would not have them seen. 
The wood about her drawi a; screen- 



L XXXIX 



For she to higher beauties raised, 
Disd^BB to be fur leaser praised. 



ANDREW MARVELL 31 

Se COuflta her beauty to converse 
In all the languages a» hers ; 
Nor yet in tho^e herself imploys, 
But for the wiscii^in not the aoise ; 
Ngr yet that wisdom would affect, 
,But 34 'tis Heaveo't diaJect. 

Blest Nymph ! that couidtt so &Ooa prevent ' 
Those trains ^ by youth against thee meant : — 
Tears (watery ehm that pierce the mind,) 
And sighs (Love's canaoa charged with wind ;) 
True praiee (that breaks through nil defeoce,} 
And feigned complying innocence^ — 
But. kDowiag where this ambuah lay, 
She 'acaped the safe, but roughest way. 

xci 
This 'tis to have been from the fijet 
In a domestic Heaven nursed, 
Under the discipline severe 
Of Fairfax and the starry Vere ; * 
Where not one object can come nigh 
B«t pure, and spotless as tfce eye, 
And goodness doth itseLf Jntail '> 
Qa females, if there want a m^lc. 

^P XCI I 

Go now, load sex that on your face 
Do all your useless study place, 

' Antieipalej " Sitatagenii. 

S Tlie ihleld of the VtrsB W4.B charged in the tirtt 
auiin«r with a et«r ptgeni. 
' DMCcnd u an inheritance. 



31 



POEMS AND SATIRES OF 



Nor once at vice your brows dare knit. 
Lest the smooth forehead wrinlded tsit ; 
Yet your own face e-hall at you grio, 
Thorough the black bag of youj: stio ; 
When koowltdge ooly could have filled. 
And virtue all those furrowE tilled. 

Hence sh-e with graces more divine 
Suppliee beyond her sex the IJae ; ' 
And, iike a sprig of mi-Btletoe, 
On the Fairfacian oak does grow : 
Whence, for some oniverBal goad, 
The priest shall cut the sacred bud ; 
While her glad parents most rejoice 
And make their destiny theif ehoice. 

XCIV 

._ ^THeantime, ye fields, springs, buBbes, flower 

Where yet ahe leads her studious hour*. 
Till Fate her worthily translates 
And find a Fairfax for Our Thwaitfift, 
Employ the means you have by her, 
And in your kind yourselves prefer; 
That, as all virgins she precedes, 
"" So you all woods, streams, gardens, mea 



For you, 'I'hesBalian Terrspe's seat 
Shall now be seorned as obeolete: 
AranjueZt" ae less, difldaiocd; 
The Bef-Retiro>^ as constrained; 

' Adds to the met more thdn a wamaa't virtues 
' A royal paUcc, FiUnou* for the beatity of iti gariJi 
llmly milei from MniJrJd, 

> Buen Retiro, anoihcr pntaoe nztr Madritl 



ANDREW MARVELL 

But name not the Idaltan grove, 
For 'twas the seat of wanton love ; 
Much less the dead's Elysian fields; 
Yet nor to them your beauty yields. 



33 



P 



'Tis not, as once appeared the world, 
A heap confused together hurled, 
All negligently overthrown, 
Gulfs, desert-s, precipices, atone. 
Your leeser world contains the same, 
But ia mote decent order tame ; 
You, Heaven's centre. Nature's lap ; 
And Paradise's only map! 

xcvn 

And now the eaJmon fishers moist 
Theif leathern boats begin tO hoist ; 
Afld, like Antipodes in BhoCH, 
Have shod their heads in tlieir canoes- 
How tortoi»c-!ike, but not so alow. 
These rational amphibii go ! 
Let's in i for the dark hemisphere 
Does now like one of tiem appear. 



fii 



3* 



POEMS AND SATIRES OF 



UPON THE HILL AND GROVE 
AT BILLBOROW 

To THH LORD FAIRF^JC 

SEE how ihe arched earth does here 
Rise in a perfect bcmipiph^r?! t 
The stifTest compass could nor strike 
A line more circular and like. 
Nor BofteEt pencil draw a brow 
3q equal as this hill does bow ; 
It eeems as for a model laid, 
And [hat the world by it was made. 

II 

Here learn, ye mountains nio^re unjust^ 
Which to abruptei greatoess thrust. 
That do, with your hook -shouldered height 
The earth deform, apd heaven fright. 
For whose excrescence, ill deEigcied, 
Nature nmat a. new centre Jind — 
Learn here those humble etepa to tread, 
Wdich to eecurer glory lead. 



See what a «oft access, and wide, 
Liea Open to its grasBy side. 
Nor with the rugged pa.th deters 

The feet of bresthlcBa travellers. 
See then how courteous it ascends. 
And »!] the way it rises, bends ; 

'BiJhoroiigh Hill, wiih 1(6 grflve o/ trees, wa* a tavouriU 
retort of the great Parliameatury gsfteral durin^g' hit n- 
tiremetil. It rile* lo iKr n'-rfh-wcut at AppletOO 
HniDf ■ 



ANDREW MARVELL 

Nor far itself the height does gainj 
But only itrives to raise the plain. 

rv 
Yet thus it all the field gommands, 
And in unenvied greatne&s staind^, 
DiHceraing further than the cUff 
Of heaven-daring TcneriF. 
How glad the weafy seiimen ha.Bte, 
When they salute it from the mast ! 
By night, the northern star their wa\ 
, Directs, and this no leas by day.' 



35 



Upon its crest, this, mountain grave, 
A. pluine of agi^d tree's does wave. 
No hostile hand durst e'er inv&de, 
With impious steel, the eacred shade ; 
For something always did appear 
Of the Great Maater^s terror there, 
And men could hear his armour still. 
Rattling through all the grove and hill. 



Fear of the Master, and respect 
Of the great nymph, did it protect ; 
Vera * the nymph, chat him inspired, 
To whom he often here retired. 
And on these oalcs ingraved her name, 
Such wounds alone these woods became. 

' Bilhorousb Hill, being 14J feet Kigftf cDMmnndeH (he 

lin of Vork, antf gervErl as a laarimnrtc to ihipi in the 

ittnbcr, 

'Hit wife, Lady Fairfax, ''a Vers of the fighting 



36 



POEMS AND SATIRES OF 



But ere He wdl the bark-8 could part, 
'Twas writ already in their h*a-rt, 

VII 

For they ('tis credible] hive sense, 
As we, of love and reverence, 
And underneath [be coarser rind 
The Geuiuii of the haasc do bind. 
Hence they succeaeee seem tx] knoWi 
And in their lord's advaocenieat grow ; 
But in no memory were seen, 
Ab under ihis, so straight and green. 

VHI 

Yet now no farther strive to shoot, 
Conteoted, if they fix their root; 
Nor to the wind's uncertain guat 
Their prudent heads too far intriiat. 
Only aometimes a fluttering breeze 
DiscouTsea with the breathing trees, 
Which in their modest whispers name 
Those acts that swelled the cheeks of Fame* 

IX 

" Much other groves," &s.y they, " than th* 

And other hills, him ooce did please. 

Through groves of pikes he thundered theq, 

And mountains raised of dying nien- 

For all the cirtc garlands due 

To him, our branches are but few ; 

Nor are oiar trunke enow to bear 

The trophies ot one fertile year." 



'TIb true, ye trees, nor ever spoke 
More certain oracles in oak ; 



ANDREW MARVELL 

But peace, if you hts favour prize, 
That courage its own praises fites. 
Therefore 10 yOur obscurer stats 
From his own brightness he retreats; 
Nor he the hills, without the groves. 
Nor height, hut with retirement, loves. 



37 



THE GARDEN 



I 
I 



HOW vainly men therasekeB amaze 
To win the palm, the oak, or baysi 
And their uncesaant (abourfl see 
Crowned frotti eome single herb or tree. 
Whose short and nanow-Terg&d shade 
Does prudently iheir toils upbraid ; 
While all the flowers and trees do close, 
To weave the garlaudi of Repose ! 

]j 
Fair Quietj have I found thee here, 
Aod Innoc-enge, thy sister dear ? 
Mistaken [ongj I sought you then 
Ir busy compauies of men. 
Your sacred plants, if here below. 
Only amoQg the pkuta wilJ grow ; 
Society ia all but rude 
To this deliciouti solitude. 



No whi:e nor led was ever seen 
So amorouB as this lovely green^ 



38 POEMS AND SATIRES OF 

Fond loveret cruel as their flame. 

Cut in these trees their mietrets* oame : 

Little, a.!a.s, they know or h^ed, 

How fer these beauties hers exceed ! 

Fair creea ! wherea'e'er your barks I wouni! 

No name fihall but your own be found. 



When we have run oar passion'a heat, 
Love hither makes his beat retreat. 
The Gods, that mortal beauty chase, 

Still in a tr-ee- did end their race j 
ApolEo hunted Daphne so. 
Only that she migbt laurel grow ; 
And Fan did after Syrinx speed, 
Not as a nymph, but for a r«ed. 



What wondrous life is this I lead ! 
Ripe apples drop about my head ; 
The luadous clusters of the vine 
Upon my mouth do crush their wine; 
The nectarine and curious peach, 
Into my hands themselres do re^ch ; 
Stumbling oa meloos ae 1 pass, 
Insnared with Sowers, I fall on grass. 



Meanwhiiie the mimd, from pleasure leas. 
Withdraws into its happiness ; 
The mind, that ocean where each kind 
Does straight its own resemblance Jindj 
Yet it creates, transcending these, 
Par other worlds, and other seas. 



ANDREW MARVELL 

Annihilating all that's made 

PTo 3 green thought in a. green shade. 
Vli 
Wen at the fouataia'sslidifig foot, 
Or at some fruit-tree's moaEy root, 
CasClAg the body's test a.side, 
My 30ul into the boughs doea glide ; 
There, like a bird, it sita and Gings, 
Then whets and combs its silver wings, 
And, till prepared for longer Right, 
HrWaves in its plumes the various light. 

^B vrii 

^" Such waa that happy GardcQ-Gtate, 
While man iheie walked without a mate: 
After a place bo pure and sweet, 
What other help could yet be meet? 
But 'twas beyond a mortal's share 
To wander solitary there : 
Two paradtaes 'twere in one, 
To Use in Paradise alone. 



39 



F rx 

How well tbefikiliiil gardener drew 
OF flowers and hetbe, tbie dial new ; 
Where, from above, the milder sun 
Does through a fragrant zodiac ran ; 
And as it works, the indaatriouH bee 
Computes its time sg well as we. 
How could Euch sweet and wholesome hours 
Be reckoned but with herbs and flowerB ! 




+0 POEMS AND SATIRES 



THE NYMPH COMPLAINING 
THE DEATH OF HER FAl 

THE wanton troopers riding by 
Hare shot my fawn, a.nd it will dte 
Ungentte inefl I they cannot thrive 
"Who killed thee. Thou ne'er didst 
Ttcm any harm ; alas ! nor could 
Thjf death yet do them any good. 
I'm sure I asvet wished them ill, 
Nor i)o I for all this, nor will. 
Bm if my simple prayers may yet 
Prevail with Heaven to forget 
Thy murder, I will join my tears 
Rather than fail. But. my feare ! 
It cannot die go, Heaven's king 
Keeps register of everything, 
And nothing may we uae in Tain ; 
EVn beaats must be with patice elain, 
Ehe men are made their deodands. 
Though they should wash their guilly han< 
In this warm life-blood which doth part 
From thine, and wound me to the heart. 
Yet could they not be cieao j their stain 
Is dyed id Guich n purple grain. 
There is not such anothei^ in 
The world, to offer for their bid. 
Unconstant Syltio, wbea yet 
I ha.d not round him counterfeit. 
One morning (I remember well), 

' Thingl which, having nl^KiS tlie denCh of ■ 
Rrc forfeited to Cod. 



ANDREW MARVELL 



41 



Tied in this siSver chain and bell, 
Gave it to me. Nay, and I know 
What he said then, I'm sure I do : 
Said be, '* Look how your hudtfiniati here 
Hath laugbt a fawn to hunt his dear." 
But Sylvio soon had me beguiled — 
This wasW came, while he grew wild. 
And quite regardless of my smart, 
Left me his fawn, but took his heart. 

Thenceforth [ set myeelf to play 
My solitary tinie away 
With this; and very well content. 
Could so mine idle life have spent. 
For it WB.S full &f Bport, and light 
Of foot and heartj and did invite 
Me to its game ; il seemed to blicsa 
Itself in file. How could 1 3e9s 
Than love it? O, I cannol be 
Unkind to 3 bea^t that lovcth ilse ! 

Had it lived long 1 do not know 
Whether it too might have done so 
As Sylvio did ; his gifts might be 
Perhaps as false, or more, than he. 
But I am aurcr foe aught that I 
Could ia so ghort a time espy* 
Thy love was far more belter then ' 
The loTC of false and cruel men. 

With sweeceac milk and augur first 
it at mine own fingera nursed; 
[Aod as it grew* so every day 
Il waxed more white and sweet than they — 
It had so sweet a breath ! and oft 
I blushed to flee its foot more soft 
' The old form ofth^n." 



4» 



POEMS AND SATIRES OF 



And wliitei Gtiall I srj, chao my hand i- 
Nay, any lady's of the hod i 

It is a wondrous thing how Heec 
Twas on those little silver feet; 
With what a pretty skipping grace 
It oft would challetige me the race ; 
And, when't had left me far away 
'Twould stay, and run again, atid stay; 
For it was nimbler much than hinde, 
Aad tfod as if oil the four winds. 

I have- a garden of my own, 
But so with roses overgrown 
And HIieE, that you would it gucBE 
Toi be a little wilderneae ; 
And all the spring -time of the year 
It only lovfid to be there. 
Among the beds of lilies I 
Have sought it oft, where it should lie 
Yet could not, rill itself would rhe^ 
Find tt, although before mine eyes — 
For in the flaxen lilies' shade, 
Tt like a bank of liliea laid. 
Upon the roies it Would feed, 
Until its tips ev'n aeemed to bleed. 
And then to me 'twould boldly trip. 
And print those roEes on my lip. 
But all its chief delight was siiil 
On roEes thus itself to iill, 
And its pure virgin limbs to foEd 
In whitest sheets of liliee cold, — 
Had it lived long, it would have been 
Lilies without, rosea within. 

Oh help ! O help ! I see it ^int 
And die ae calmly aa a saint ! 



ANDREW MARVELL 



43 



See how it weeps ! the tearB do come 
Sad, slowly -dropping likr a gum, 
So weeps the wounded balsam ; so 
The holy frank irnjcnse doth flow j 
The brotherless Heliades' 
Melt in such amber tears as Ehese. 

I in a golden vial wiil 
Keep these two crystal tears, aod fill 
It til! it do overflow with mine. 
Then place it in Diana's Bhrine. 

Now my awcGC fawn iEi vanished to 
Whither the ^waus and turtEes go; 
In fail Elysiutn to endure. 
With milk-like lambB »ad ermines pure. 
O do aot run too faat, for I 
Will but bespeak thy grave, and die. 

First, my unhappy statue shall 
Se cut in marble, and withal, 
Let it he weeping too, hut there 
The engraver sure his art may spare : 
For I so truly thee bemoan, 
That I shall weep, though I be stone, 
Until ray tears, still dropping, wear 
My breast, themselves engraving there. 
There at my fret shalt thou be bid, 
Of purest alabaster made ; 
For I would haw thine image be 
White as I can, though not as thee. 

rhe Daughter* oTthc Sun, whose tears for ttcir dead 
ler, PluetDn, were turned inlo precioui ambEr. 



POEMS AND SATIRES OF 



THE PICTURE OF LITTLE T. 
IN A PROSPECT OF FLOWERS.! 



SEE with wliat a!m;>licity 
Thi§ iHytnph begiflS bef golden davB ! 
In the green graas ahe loses to lie, 
Apd there with her fair aspect tames 
The wilder flowera and gives them nanies ; 
But only with the roses plays, 

And them does tell 
What colour bcEt bccomea them aod what sindl 



Who can foretell for what high cause 
This darling of the Gods was born ? 
Yet this ia the whose chaster laws 
The wanton Love shall one day fear, 
And under her ouminand severe 
See his bow broke, and ensigns torn. 

Happy who can 
Appease this virtuous enemy of man I 



O then let me in time compound 
And parley with those conquering eyes ; 
Ere they have tried their force to wound 
Ere with their glancing wheeln they drivc^ 
In triumph over beartB that strive, 
And them ttiat yield but more despise : 

Let me be laid 
Where I may see thy glories from some shad 



mi^ 



r^ 



] 



ANDREW MARVELL +5 

IV 

Meantime, whilst every verdant tbing 
llselF d^ieaat thy beaufy charm, 
Ret&rm the errors of the a[>fing ; 
Mate that the tulips may have aharc 
Of flweetnese, seeing ihey are fair ; 
Add rosea of their cborQa- Itaarm; 
But most [jTOCttre 
That violets may a longer age endure. 



But O, young beauty of the woods, 
Whom Nature ■courts with fruit aod llowera. 
Gather the flowei's, but spare the haAi, 
Leat Flora, angry at thy crime 
To kilt her LofaDtK m their prime, 
Should quickly make the example yourR, 
Atid — ere we &ee — 
Jip in the blossom all our hopes and thee. 



YOUNG LOVE 



COME, little infant, Sove me now, 
While thine unsuapected yeara 
Clear thine agM father's brow 
From cold jealo^isy and feara.' 

The Laily Mapy Fairfas wa» twelve yean of sfe 

tn.Mirrel] wis appointcl as her tutor. 



46 



POEMS AND SATIRES OI 



Pretty, surely, 'were to bcc 

By young Love old Time beg\yled, 

While our sportings are as free 
Aft the nurse's with the child. 

Ill 
Cotninoa beauties stay fifteen ■'^— 

Swch as yours should swifter move, 
Whose fair bloBaoms arc too green 

Yet for luBt, but not for love. 

IV 

Love, 3» much the snowy tamb 

Or the wanton kid, does prize, 
Ab tbe lusty bull or ram, 
For hi« morntng sacriRce. 



Now, then, love me ! Time may take 
Thee before thy time away j 

Of this need we'll virtue make, 
And learn love before we may. 

So we win of doubtful Fate, 
And, if good she to us meant. 

We that good shall antedafe. 
Or, if d!, that ill prevent.^ 

¥11 

Thus, as kingdoms frustrating 
Other titles Lo their crown. 

In the cradle crown their king. 
So all foreign claims to drown. 

' Wait until lifiee&, ' Anlicic 



ANDREW MARVELL 



47 



VI It 



So to make all nva.ls vn\n. 

Now I crown thee with my love: 
CrowD me with thy love again, 

And we both, Ehall monarchs prove. 



THE MOWER AGAINST GARDENS 

UXURIOUS man to bring hie vice in uae. 
Did after him the world seduce. 
ad from the fields ihe flowera and planK aiFlure, 
Where Nature was moat plain and pure. 
le first enclosed within tiie gardens square 
A dead and standing pool of air ; 
nd a more luscious earth for them did knead 
Which stupefied them while it fed. 
The pink grew then as double as his mind. 

The niitfirtient did change the kind, 
With strange perfumes he did the roses taint ; 
And flowers themselves were taught to paint. 
ie tulip white did for complexion E«ek 
And learned to interline its cheek ; 
onion root they then so high did hold. 
That one wa& for a meadow sold. 
Lnother world was searched through oceans new, 

To find the Marvet of Peru j 
tnd yet these rarities might be allowed 
To man, that sovereign thing and proud, 
Had he not dealt between the bark and tree, 

Forbidden mixtures there to see ; 
No plant now knew the stock from which it came. 
He grafts upon the wifd the tame, 



+8 



POEMS AND SATIRES OF 



That tlie uncertain and adulterate fruit 

Might put the palate in dispute. 
His green seraglio has its eunuchs toOj. 

Lest any tyraqt him outdo j 
And in the cheny he does; Nature vex. 

To procreate without a sex. 
'Tis all enforced, the fouot^in and the grot, 

While the sweet fields do lie forgot. 
Where willinj; Nature does to all dispen^ 

A witd and fragract ianuceoce ; 
Afid fauns and fairies do the meadows till 

More by their presence than their akill. 
Their statues polished by some a.[icient hand. 

May to adorn the gardens stand ; 
But, howBoe'er the figures do excel, 

The Gptis themselves witJtL us du dwelk-^| 



DAMON THE MOWER 



HARK ! how the mower Damoo aung, 
With love of Juliana stung, 
While everything did eeem to paint 
The scene more fit for his complaint. 
Like her fair eyes the day was fsir. 
But scorchiftg like his amorotie care; 
Sharp, like his sCythe, his sorrow wAs, 
And withered, like his hopes, the grass.. 



Oh what unusual teata are here, 
Which thus our suo-borned meadows sear ! 



ANDREW MARVELL 



49 



U 



grasshopper its pipe gives o'crj 
And hamatriaged frogs can dance oo more. 
But in the brook the green frog wades. 
And graBshopperE seek out the shades, 
Ooly the snake that kept within. 
Now glittera in its second skin, 



¥ 



This heat the sun could never raiae. 
Nor dog-atar so inflame the days. 
It from an higher bea.uty grow th, 
Which burns the iiclds and mower both 5 
Which made the Dog' and ni^kes the Sun 
Hotter than his own Phaeton. 
Not July causeth these extr-emes, 
But Juliana's scorching beams. 



¥ 



Tell me where I may paas the firea, 
Of the hot day. or hot desires s 
To what cool cave shatl I descend, 
Or to what gelid ^ fountain bend ? 
Alas ! I look for eaac in vain, 
When remedies themselves complain ; 
No moisture but my tears do re^t. 
No eold but ID her icy breast. 



How long wilt thou, fair shepherdeBS, 
Esteem me and my presents km i 
To thee the harmlesG snake I bring, 
DisarmM of its teeth and ating; 
To thee chanieteonfi, changing huci 
And oak- leaves 



tipt 



honey 



'The riog-jtnr. 

' Rcfrcslimgly cool. 



50 POEMS AND SATIRES OF 

Yet thou UTigratefuE haat not sought 

Nor what they are, nor who them broughtj 

VI 

I am the mower Damon, known 
Through all the meadows I have mown- 
On me the liiCirn her dew diatiU 
Before her darling dafFodits; 
And if at nooo my toil me heat, 
The 8iin himself licks off my sweat 
While, gotfig home, the evening sweet j 
In cowalip-waier bathes my feet. 

Vll 

What though the piping shepherd stock 
The plains with an unnumbered flock, 
This Acythe of mine discovcrsi wide 
More ground than all his eheep do hie 
With ihia the golden fleece I shear 
Of all these clo&es every year. 
And though in wool more poor than they. 
Yet am I richer far in hay. 
viit 

Nor am I bd deformed to Bightt 
If in my scythe I looked right ; 
In which I see my picture done. 
As ID a crescent moon the sun. 
The deathless fairies fake me oft 
To lead them in their dances Koft; 
And when I tunc myself to sing, 
About me they contract their ring. 

How happy might I still have mowed. 
Had not Love here his thistles sowed ! 



ANDREW MARVELL 



51 



V 



iut now I atl the day complain, 
JoiDuig my labour to niy pain, 
And with my BCythe cut down the grass.. 
Yet still my grief ia where il was; 
But, when the iroo blunter grows, 
igbing I whet my scythe and woes- 



While thps he drew fais elbow round 
Depopulatitig aH the ground, 
And with hit whistling Ecythc does cm 
Each stroke between the earth and root, 
The -edgM steel, by carelesa chance, 
Did into hia own ankle glance, 
And there among the grass fell down, 
^^By his own scythe, thp mower mown. 

r^ 

I T 

n 



XI 



Alas ! said he, these hurts are slight 
To those that die by Love'a despite. 
"With ehepherd's. purse, and. ctown'e all-heal,' 
The blood I stanch and wound I seal. 
Only for him no cure is found, 
Whom Juliana's eyee do wound; 
'Tis Death alone that this must do : 
For, Death, thou an a Mower too. 



THE MOWER TO THE GLOW- 
WORMS. 



YE living lamps by whose dear light 
Tbe nightingale does sit so late, 

C/iftrUa buna faiUrh, an. I PrHaeHa f^iilgarii, the 
officinal valet lad. 



52 POEMS AND SATIRES OF 

And studying all the summer-night. 
Her m.it<:h]eiis songs doea meditate; 



Ye country comets that portend 
No war nor prince's funeral, 
Shining unto no higher end 
Than to presage the grass''s fell ; 



Ye giow-wormB, whose officiouB flame 
To wandering mowers showa the way. 
That in the night have lost their aim, 
And after foolish fires do stray; 



Your couneou* lights 'u\ vain you waste, 
Since Juliana here ia come, 
For she my mind hath so displaced. 
That I bhall never fmd my home. 



i 



THE MOWER'S SONG 



MY mind wae once the true BurTey ' 
Of al! these meadows fresh and gay, 
And in ill*; greenness of the grass 
Bid see its hopes aa in a glass ; 
When .lulinna came, and she, 
What I do to the grass, docs to my thouj 



and 



Picti 



ire OT rcprcMnTntian. 



ANDREW MARVELL 



53 



But theee, while T with sorrow pine, 
Grew mare [usurnnt still aad fine. 
That Qot one blade of grass you spied, 
But had a flower on either side — 
When Juliaoa came, and she, 
What I do to the grass, does to my thoughts 
H and me. 

■ 

^^■Rthankful meadows, could you so 

^B. feilowship 8D true forego, 

m And in your gaudy May-gamen meet, 

While I lay troddeo under feet, 

When Juliana game J — and the, 

What I da to the grasa, does to my thoughcs 
and me. 



i 



n 



ui what you in compaeaioD ought, 
Shall now by my revenge be wrought ; 
And flowers, !i.nd grass, and I, and si], 
Will in one common ruin fall — 
For Juliana comes, and she, 
What I do to the grass, does ta my thougbt» 
I and me. 



And thus, ye meadows which have been 
Companions of ray thoughts more grew, 
Shall now the heraldry become 
With which I shall adorn my tomb — 
For Juliana comee, and she, 
What I do to the gra&s, does to my thoughts 
and mc. 



S4 



POEMS AND SATIRES OF 



ametas and thestylis 
Making hay-ropes. 

Ameiss 

THINK'ST thoy that this love can sua 
Whilst rhou edll dost lay me nay \ 
Love unpaid does soon di5baiid. 
Love binds lave, as bay binds hay. 

Thestyi'ti 

Thiok'ftt thou that this rope would twincil 
If we both BliDuJd turn oae way.' 

Wtere both parlies so combine, 
Neith-er love will twist, nor hay. 

Amelai 

Thus you vain excuses find 

Which yoilTBelf and iiS dcl&y : 

And love ties- a woman's mind 
LooGcr than with ropes of hay. 

Thtdyrxs 
What you cannot conatant hope 
MuBt be taken as you may. 

Ameias 

TheD let's both lay by our rope. 
And go kiB* within the hay. 



ANDREW MARVELL 



55 



THE FAIR SINGER 



O make a final coDquest of all me, 
Love did compose so sweet an enemy 
In whom both beaucica to my death agree, 
Joining thcmselveB in fatal harmony j 
That, while she with her eyes my heart does 
bind, 
ic with her voice might captivate my mind. 



K 



could have fled from one but singly fair ; 
My disintangled soul itself might save 
Breaking the curlM trammels of hef hair. 
Eut how should I avoid to be her slave, 
Whose subtle art invisibly can wreathe 

Vy fetter* of the very air I breathe ? 
. '". 
' It had been easy figtiting in some plain 

Where victory might hang in equal choice; 
But all resistance against her is vain, 
Who has the advantage both of eyes and voice ; 
And all my forceB aeeds must be uodone, 

(e having gainSd both the wind and Bun. 
/^~"HLORA, come view my soul, and tell 
V,-' Whether I have contrived it well. 
Now ail Its several lodginge lie 
Composed into one gdlervt 



THE GALLERY 



I 



56 POEMS AND SATIRES OF 

And the great arras- hangings, made 
Of various facings, hy are Inid, 
That ' for all furniture you'll find 
Only your picture in my mind, 



Here thou art painted in thf dre«G 
Of an inhuman murderess ; 
Examining ujion, our nearte 
Thy fertile ahoji of cruel aria — 
Engines more keen tban ever yet 
AdornM tyrant's cabinet, 
Of which the moit tormenting are,. 
Black eyes, red lips., and curE^d hair] 

lit 

But on the other side thou'rt drawn 
Like to Aurora in the dawn. 
When in the east she slumbering liea 
And Btretchea out her milky ihighs ; 
While all the morning quire does sing. 
And ma.nna falln and roses spring. 
And at thy feet the wooing doves 
Sit perfectbg their harmless loves. 

IV 

Like an enchantress here thou show't 
Vexing thy restJesa lover's ghost ; 
And by a light obacare doBt rave 
Over Siis entrailB in the case, 
Divining thencc with horrid care, 
How long thou shah continue fair ; 
And, when informed, them throw*6t 4wa 
T& be the greedy vulture's prey. 
■ So that. 



ANDREW MARVELL 



<!7 



I 



agaiDEt that, thou Mtt'st. al]oai 
Like Venus in her pearly boat ; 
The haEcyons, calming all that's nigli* 
Betwixt the air and water fly ; 
Or, if Bome rolling wave appearti, 
A maw of ambergris it bears : 
Nor blowB fnore wiod than what may well 
Convoy the perfume Co the smelL 



I 



These pictures, and a thoueand moirc 

Of thee, my gall-ery doth Btore, 

In all the forms thou canst invent, 

Either to please me or tarnient ; 

For ihou alone, to people me 

Art grown a numerous cotony, 

And a collection choicer far 

Than or Whitehall's ot Mantua's were.' 



But of these pictures and the reel, 
That at the entrance likes me best. 
Where the same posture and the look 
Remainfi^ with which I first was took ; 
A tender Bhephei'dess, whose hair 
HangB loosely playing in the air, 
TiaDapUbting Dowers from the green hill 
To crown her head and bosom till. 

be fnmaui picture-gallei'icl of Chdfkj! I. :iQ'( the 
of Mnntua. 




S8 POEMS AND SATIRES 01 



TO HIS COY MISTRESS 

HAD we but world enough and dme, 
This cgynees, lady, were no crime 
We would tit down and chink which wsv 
To walk, and pass our loag love's day. 
Thou by the Indian Ganges' eide 
Shouldsn rubies find : I by the tide 
Of Humber would complain. I would 
Loi?e you ten years before the Flood, 
And you should, tf you please, refuse 
Till lie CODver sion of the Jews. 
My vegetable love should grow 
Vaster than empires and more alow. 
An hundred years should go to praiBc 
Thine eyes, and on thy forehead gaze ; 
Two hundred to adore ea,ch breast. 
But thirty thouGaud to the rest ; 
An age at least to every part. 
And the last age should ahow your heart. 
For, My, you deserve this state. 
Nor would I love at lower race. 
But at my back. I always hear 
Time's wing&d chariot hurrying near, 
And yonder al5 before us lie 
Deserts of vast eternity. 
Thy beauty shall no more be found. 
Nor in thy marble vault Gball xouad 
My echoing »ong ; then worms shall try 
That long- preserved virginity. 
And your <juaint honciur tyrn to dust, 
Aod into asbeB all my lust. 



ANDREW MARVELL 



59 



"The grave'B a fine and private place, 
But DOpe, 1 thiok, do there embrace. 

Now, therefore, whiic the youthfiil hue 
Site on thy akin like mormng dew. 
And while thy willing soul transpires 
At every pore with iastant (ires. 
Now, let an sport ub while we may ; 
And now, like amorous birds of prey, 
Rather at once our time devour, 

»Than languiflh in his slow-chapt power ! ' 
Let us roU all our atrength, and all 
Our sweetness up into one ball ; 
And tear our pleasures with rough strife, 
Thorough the iron gates " of life ! 
Thus, though we cannot make our hud 
Stand Btilli yet we will make him run. 

tOU, that decipher Out the fete 
Of human otffipringa irom the ekies, 
wnat mean ihcse infaats ^ which of late 
Spring from the stars of Chlors's eyes? 

' In the grip of lu» ilowly mowng jaw*. 

•Tennyion ihqugtt "grate*" would inlcniif; thil 

19 That ttiti which like baby Rtmn, etc. 



MOURNING 



6o POEMS AND SATIRES OF 



Her eyes confuBcd and doubled ' oVr 
With tears suspended ere they flow. 

Seem bending upwards to restore 

To Heaven, whence it came, their woe, 

111 
When, moulding of the watery spheres, 

Slow drops untie themselves away, 
Ae if Khc with those precious tears 

Would Gtrow the ground where Strcphon t>;J 

IV 

Yet aome affirm, pretending art. 

Her eycB have so her bosom drowned. 

Only to softep qesr her heart 
A place to iix anotber wound, 

V 

And while vain pomp does her restrain 

Within her solitary bower. 
She comrtK berseif in amorous rain, 

HerBelFboth Danae aod the ehower. 

VI 

Nay others* bolder, hence esteem 
Joy now so much her inafter grows. 

That whatBoever doee but Beecn 

Like grief, is from her windows thrown. 

V[l 

Nor that she pays while she survives 
To ber dead love this tribute due, 

But CiiBta abroad tbese donatives 
At the installing of a new. 

' MxrvfiU probkbly wtoIc " ilsEiblc>d o'er.'! 



ANDREW MARVELJL 



6i 



I 



ow wide they dream ! The Indian slaves 
That siink. for jiearl through seas profoiind. 
Would find her tears yet deeper waves. 
And not of one the bottom sound. 



IX 




1 yet my silent judgmen: keep, 
DiBputing not what they believe: 

But sure as oft as women weep, 
It is. to be supposed they grieve. 



DAPHNIS AND CHLOE 



DAPH^3IS must from Chloe part ; 
Now VG come the diama) hour 
That mUBt all his hopes devour, 
All hiG labour, eJI hia art. 

II 

Nature, ber own sex's foe, 

Long had taught her to be coy ; 
But she neither knew to enjoy, 

Nor yet let her lover go. 

Id 

But with this sad news surprised, 
Soon abe let thai oiceness (a\\. 
And would gladly yield to all. 

So it had his stay comprised. 



6i 



POEMS AND SATIRES OF 



Nature so herself does nee 
To lay by her wonted state, 
Lest the world should separate^ 

Sudden parting closer gloea. 

He well read in all the ways 

By wlitcii men their fiicge maintain,^ 
Knew not ttat, the fort to gain. 

Better 'twas the siege to raise. 

VI 

But he came so full possessed 
WiLh the grief of parting theoce^ 

That he had not ho much aense 
Ab to see he might be bleBsed ; 

V[I 

Till Love in her language breathed 
Words she never apake before ; 
But t-han legacies no more,' 

To a dying man bequeathed. 

VIII 

For alas ! the time was spent. 
Now the latest minute's run, 
When poor Daphnis is undone. 

Between joy and Borrow reat. 



At that " Why '. " that " Stay, my 
Hu disordered locke he tare. 
And with rolling eyes did glare. 

And hia cruel (ate forswear. 

' But ihey wwt Uten no m^rp i,a him than Icjgai^ 
beqacntheih m x (lying man. 



ANDREW MARVELL 



63 



Aa the soul of one scarce dead, 
With ihe ehrieka ol* friends aghasc, 
Looka distracted back id Laste, 

And then straight agab is Bed ; 



So did wretched Daphois look. 
Frighting her he IpvM most. 
At the last this Igver's ghost 

Thus hiB leave reEolvSd took : — 



*' Are my helt and heaven joined, 
More to torture him chat dies ? 
Could departure not suffice, 

But that you muNt then grow kind ? 

Xl[[ 

"Ah, my Chloe! how have I 
Such a wretched minute fband;, 
When thy favours ehould me wound 

More than all thy cruelty ^ 

** So to the condemned wight 

The deliciouE cup we fill. 

And allow him iiU he will 
For hi« last and short delight. 



*• But 1 will not now begin 
Such a debt uEito my foe ; 
Nor to my departure owe. 

What my presence could not win. 



64 POEMS AND SATIRES OF 

XVI 

" Abaence is coo much alonr ; 
Eerier 'tia to go in peace, 
Than my losaca to increase 

By a late fruition. 

" Why should I enrich my fate J 

'Tis 2 Tanicy Co wear. 

For my executioner, 
iewels of BO high a rate. 

S.V1U 

" Rather 1 away will pine 
In a nunly scubbornncse, 
Than be fatted up express 

For the cannibal to dine. 

XEX 

'• Whilst [his grief does chee diearm,' 
Ail the enjoyment of our love 
But the ravtBhmeni would prove 

or a body dead while varm ; 

XX 

" And I parting should appear 

Like the gotirmaiid Hebrew dead, ' 
While with quails aad manna fed 

He does through the desert err ; 

XXI 

*♦ Of the witch that midnight wakes 
For the fern whose magic weed 
Tfi one minute casts the aeed 

Aod inviBJble him malccB. " 

' Cf. £xo'{. kvi. and Pi. Uxviii, 
' Ffini retrf (rathcted on midminnKr nighl wu 
pUK<i to nidikc the poiiofor invisible. 



ANDREW MARVELL 6; 

XXII 

" Gentler times for love are meaat ^ 
Who for parting ]i!caaUfe strain. 
Gather tOBea in the rain, 

W^ct themselves and spoil their scent. 

XSILI 

" Farewell, therefore, all the fruit 
Which I couM from love receive ; 

Joy will not with sorrow weave. 
Nor will I this grief pollute. 

SXIV 

'= Fate, I come, as darltj a^ sad, 

Ab thy malice could desire ; 
Yet bring with me sH the fire 
That Love in his torches had.** 

KXV 

At these words away he broke. 
As who long has praying lien 
To his heads-man makes the sign 

And leceivee the parting stroke. 



But hence, virgihs all, beware : 
Last night he with Phlogis slept, 
This night for Dorinda kept. 

And but rid to take the air. 

XXV It 

Yet he does himBelf excuse ; 
Nor indeed without a cause. 
For, according to the laws, 

Why did Chloe once refuse? 

E 



66 POEMS AND SATIRES O! 



THE MATCH 



NATURE had long a treasure 
Of all her choicest itore, 
Fearing, when she should be decQj 
To beg in vain tor more, 

11 
Her orienteBt colours there 

And esBCTicefl most pure, 
With sweetest periumee hoarded vti 

All ae ahe thought secure. 



She setdom. them unlocked or used, 

But with the niceet care ; 
For, with one grain of them dtlTused,, 

She could the world repair. 



But likeness bodd together drew 
What ahe did! aepa.rate lay t 

Of which one perfect beauty grew,- 
And that wae Celia. 



Love wisely had of losg foreseen 
That he must once grow old. 

And therefore stored a magazine 
To save him from the cold. 



ANDREW MARVELL 



67 



He kept the several dells replete 

With ahre thrice refined, 
'The napihtha's and the sulphur's heat. 
And all chat burns the mind. 

VII 

[e fortified the double gate, 
Afld rarely thnhei came ; 
For with one spark of these he Btraight 
All Nature could inflame. 

Vlii 

[Till, by vicinity so long, 

A nearer way ttey s-oaght, 

[And grown magnetically strong, 
Into each other wrought. 



» 

I 



ThuB all hia lijel did unite 

To make one fire high } 
None ever burned ao hot, so bright — 

And, Celia, that am I. 

X 

So we alone the happy, rest, 
' Whilst all the world is poor. 
And have within ourselves poEscssed 
All Love's and Nature's store. 



THE DEFINITION OF LOVE 

■Lyi Y Love i» of a birth as rare 
T^^ Ae 'tis, for object, strange and high 
It wae begotten by Despair, 
Upon [mpoasibility. 



58 POEMS AND SATIRES OF' 



MaEnanimouft Despair alone 

Could allow nie so divine a thing. 

Where feeble Hope couM ne'er have flown] 
But vainly flapped its tinsel wing. 



And yet I quickly might arrive 
Where my extended soul ia fixed ; 

But Fate does iron wedges drive. 
And always crowds ilaelf betwixt. 



For Fate with jealous eye does see 

Two perfect loves, fior lets ihem close 

Their union would her fuin be» 
And her tyrannic power depose. 



And therefore her decrees of steel 

Ua, as the distant poles, have placed, 

Tho«gh Love's whole world on us doth wl 
Not by ihetiiBelveG to be embraced. 



Unless the giddy heaven fallj 

And earth aainc new coovulflton tear. 

And, us to join, the world should all 
Be cramped into a planisphere.' 

' FUtlcned olit la thnt the two pnlcs m^-t ; planir 
ii ■ tpher* projected on ■ plane. 



ANDREW MARVELL 



69 



As lines, so loves oblique^ may well 
ThemaelveB in every angle greet : ' 

But ours, BO truly paruilel, 

Though infinite, can never meet. 

VIII 

Therefore the love which us dath bind, 
But Fate so envioualy dcbarB, 

Is the cODJunction of the micid^ 
And oppQsjtioD oi" the Stars. 



ITHE UNFORTUNATE LOVER 

LAS ! how pleasant are their days. 
With whom the infant Lovt yet plays ! 
Sorted by pairs, they still are seen 
By iTountaine cool and shadows green. 
But :&ooQ these flames do Eoee their light, 
Like meteorB of a aommer's night ; 
Nor can they to that region climb, 
To make impresEion upon Time. 

'Twae in a shipwraclc, when the seaa 
RiJed, and the winds did what tfacy please, 
That my poor lover floating lay, 
And, ere brought forth, waa cast away ; 
Till at the last the master-wave 
Upon the rocit his mother drave, 
And there she split against the stooe, 
In a Caesarian section. 

■ Ai tliocicig li&ei may tovivh in tvmry angL?, v lovert 
thiit ito QflC hold to perr«Eil7 itjaighl cnancs may 
buntcr in every coinct ! t'lw.a 



70 POEMS AND SATIRES OF 

The sea him lent these bitter tea.re 
Which at his eyes he always bears; 
And frqiti the wiitcls the sight he bore, 
Which through hU surging breset do roai 
No day he saw but that which breaks 
Through frighted clouds in f&rk^d Etteak 
While round the rattling thunder hurled 
As at the fuDeral of the world. 

While Nature to hiB hirtli prcKCDt* 
This masque ' of quarrelling elements, 
A numerous fleet of cormoranta black 
That sailed tasultiiig o'er the wrack, 
Received into thei: cruel care 
The unfortunate and abj,ect heir ; 
Guardiam most fit to entertain 
The orphan of the hurricane. 

They fed him up with hopes and air. 
Which soon digested to despair ; 
Aad 3.S one cormoraivt fed him, stUl 
Another on his heart did bill ; 
Thus, while they famish him and feast, 
He both consumed and increased, 
And languish^ with doubtful breath. 
The amphibium of life and death. 

And now, when angry Keaveo would 
Behold a spectacle of blood, 
Forttioe and he are calJcd to play 
At eharp^ before it all the day { 
And tyrant Love his breast dJocs plj 
With all his winged artillery, 

' Scene, 

' Fight ■ duel. 



ANDREW" MARVELL 

Whilst he, betwixt the flames and wavesj 
Like Ajax, the matt tempeat braves. 

Sec how he aali'd and tierce doea stand, 
Cuffing the thunder with one hand ; 
While with the other he doea lock 
And grapple with the stubborn rock, 
From which he with each wave Icbounds, 
Tom into flames, and ragg'd with wouflda; 
And all he Bays,' a lover drest 
la biG own blood doea relish best. 

This IB the only banneret* 
That CTcr Love created yet ; 
Who, though by the malignant start, 
ForcM to live in sLofttia and wars. 
Yet dying leaves a perfume hcfe, 
And muBic within every ear ; 
And he in story only ruIe^s, 
In a field sable, a lov'er gules. 3 



MUSIC EMPIRE 

'IRST W4S the world as c»pe grea.t cymbal 
made 
''here jarring wines to infant natHre played ; 
]] music W2B a solitary Gouod, 
To hollow rocks and iRurmuricg tounuino 
bouod. 

' Anii all thai Le layi m that, «(. 

- Knight wimiing; hii title on the bacilelield. 

i A icd lover on a bUfk eround, Th«tc very 
faaiailical v«rici Kem to contain eami: allcgury of tragic 
love btiag gntttr ibin idyllic ifTection. 



7* 



POEMS AND SATIRES OF 



Jubal iirst made the wilder notes agree. 
And Jubal tuced Music's Jubilee ; 
He called the echoes from their sullen cell, 
And buiit the organ's city where they dwell. 



Each sought a consort in that loveiy place, 
Apd virgin trebles wed t!ie manly ba*B, 
From whence the progeny of aumbera new 
Into harmonious colonieG wlttidrew ; 

Some to the lute, some to the viol went, 
And others choee the cornei e]<X[i!ent, 
These practising the wiad, and those the wirei 
To sing man's triumphs, or in Heaven'e quire 



Then music, the raoa^ic of the air. 
Did of all these a solemn noise prepare. 
With which she gained the emp^lre of the eat, 
Including all between the earth and sphere. 



Victorious sounds! yet here your homage do 
Uoto a gender conqueror than you; 
Who, though he flieB the music of hie praise. 
Would with you Heaven's hatlelujahe raifte. 



J 



ANDREW MARVELL 



73 



'RANSLATED FROM SENECA'S 

TRAGEDY OF THTESTES 



CHORUS II 



^^^^ Aulae cuLminc luhrico, etc. 

V /"^LIMB at Court, for me, Chat will, 

H V— Tottering favour's pinnacle : 

H All I Ecek is to lie EtilJ. 

^ Settled IE some secret nest 
In catm leisure let me rest, 
And far off* the public «tage, 

, PasG away my silent age. 

Thus, when, without noise., unknown, 
I have lived out all my span, 
I shall die without :l groan, 
An old honest countryinan. 
Whoj exposed to otheri' eyes 
loto his owQ heart ne'er pries. 
Death to him's a. strange surprise. 



ON A DROP OF DEW 

SEIJ! haw the orient dew 
Shed from the boaQm qf the morn 
Into the blowBDg roses, 
Vet careless of lie maneion new, x . 

^,oc the clear legion where 'twss bam, n/ 

Round in itself incloses ', 
And in its little globe's exteo; 
'racnesr ^^ it can, its na-tive element. 



74 POEMS AND SATIRES OF 

How it The purple Hower does slight, 

Scarce touching where it lies. 
But gazing back, upon the skies, 
Shines with a mournful light, 
Like its own tear. 
Because so long divided from the sphere. 
Restless it rolls, aad miB^cure, 

Trembling, lest it grow impure ; 
Till the warm sun. pity its pain 
And to the skies exhale it back again. 

So the soul, that drop, tbat ray 
Of the clear fountain of eternal day, 
(Could it within the human flower be seen) 
Rememberiflg still its fortner height. 
Shuns the sweet leaves and blos^omB greet 
And recollectiDg its own light, 
Tioes in its puie and circling thoughts exprc 
The greater heaven io aa heaven Icsh. 
In how coy a figure wound, 
Every way it turns away 
(So the world-exdudiog round 'J 
Yet receiving in the day, 
Dark beneath,, but bright above. 
Here disdaining, there in love. 
How loose and easy hence to go ; 
How girt and ready to ascend ^ 
Moving but OD a point below, 
It all about doea upwards bend. 
Such did the nianna'a eacred dew distil. 
White and entire, though congealed and chill ; 
Congealed on earth ; but does, dtssolving, tito 
Into the glories of the almighty sun. 

'The poet referi to the dew-drop in a pmntfaeiu, , 
tnit then csturnt (a tht sdu] «» il« jt^ralUI, 



ANDREW MARVELL 



75 



EVES AND TEARS 

1 

HOW wisely Nature did decree. 
With the same eyes to weep aad see ; 
LThatj having viewed the object Taio, 
, hey might be ready to t^^^mplain ! 

II 

i, eioce the Bclf-deluding night 
[n a Tatse angle takes each height, 
^hese tears, which better measure all 
-ike watery liBce and pJumtnets fall. 

Two tears, which Bprrow long did w^igb 

t Within the scaler of either eye. 
And then paid out in equal poise. 
Are the true price of all my joys< 

IV 

What ip the world moat f«ir appears. 
Yea, eveo laughter, turns to tears ; 
And all the jewels which we prize 
MeEe in these peodants of the eyee. 

% have through every garden been. 
Amongst the red, the white, the green 
Aud yet from all the flowers I suw, 
Ho honey, but theae teara could draw. 



So the all-seeing gud each day 
Dinils the world with chymic ray. 



I 



^mi 



76 POEMS AND SATIRES OFj 

But JiDds the essence only showers, 
Which straight in pity back he pours. 



Yet happy they whom grief doth bless. 
That weep the more, and see the less ; 
And, to preserve their sight more true. 
Bathe still their eyea id their own dew. 

VIII 

So Magdalen in tears more wise 
DisGolved those capttyating eyes, 
WhoEc liquid chains could flowitig meet 
To fetter her Redeemer'a feet. 



Not ilill Baiifi halting loadiCD home. 
Nor the chaiite lady's pregnant womb, 
Nor Cynthia teeming sKow& so fair 
As two eyes swoln with weeping are. 



The sparkling glance that ehoots desire, 
Dienched in these waves does iqee its (ir 
Yea olt the Thunderer pity takes 
And here the hiE^ing liglitning dakes. 



The incenae ^ was to Heaven dear. 
Not as a perfume, but a tear ; 
And stara show lovely in the night. 
But as they seem the tears of light. 

'.Ac It uoied >n dropa from the Arabian tree, 



ANDREW MARVELL 77 

Ope then, mitic eyes, your double sluice, 
And practise so your noblest use ; 
Foe others too can see or sleep, 
But only human eyes can weep. 

Xttl 
Now, like two clouds diseolving, ilrop, 
And at each tear in distance stop ; 
Now like two fountains trickle down ; 
Now like two Hoods, o'eirturn and drown 



Thus let your streams q'eriJow your springs, 
Till eyes and tears he the same things ; 
And eath the other's difference bears. 
These weeping eyee, those seeing tears. 

THE CORONET 

WHEN for the thorns with which I long, 
_ too long, 

With many a piercing wound. 
My Saviour's head bave crowned, 
I eeek with garlands to redress that wrong i 
Through every garden, every mead 
gather liowers (my fruits are only flowers)/ 

Dismantling all the fragrant towera 
'hat once adorned my ehepherdess's head: 
ad now, when 1 haw aummed up all my store. 
Thinking (so I myself deceive) 
So rich a ch^plet thence to weare 

' Proinisei not F«rformB.acet, 



78 



POEMS AND SATIRES OF 



As nevef yet the King of Glory wore, 
AIhh ! I find the Sefpcot old. 
That, twining in his speckled brtaet 
About the flowers disguitietJ, dijes fold, 
With wreaths of fame and. interest. 
Ah, foolish man, that woulcigt -debase with them | 
And mortal glory. Heaven'^ diadem ! 
But Thou who oaly couldst the Serpent tamCi 
Either his slippery knots ai once uatie. 
And disinttinglc alt his winding snare. 
Or shatter too with him my curious frame,' 
And let these wither — -so that he may die — 
Though set with skill, and chosen out with carei 
That they, while Thou on both their spoilil 

dost tread. 

May crown Thy feet, that could not crown 
Thy head. 



A DIALOGUE BETWEEN THYRSISl 
AND DORINDA 

Dorinda. TI rHEN death shall anatch til 
VV from these kids. 
And shut up our divided lids. 
Tell nie, ThyraiB, prythee do. 
Whither thou and I must go ? 

Thyrsit, To the Elysium. 

Dorinda, Oil, where is't ? 

Thyrtii. A chaete aoul can never misB't. 

Dorine/a. I know no way but one — our home 
Is our Elysium. 

■ Frame of doWErs, t.f., aii hll fioaii ihnughtt an4 
dcedi that he €.n<is aic b-i'und up with iiiese cf fime ie 
idf-iiitercit. 



ASDREW marvell 



Cast thine eye to yonder sky. 
There ihe Milky Way dolh lie; 
'Tie a sure but rugged way 
That leads to everl acting day, 

da. There hirdy nia.y nest, but how can I 
That have no wings and cannot fly ? 

is^ Do not sigh, fair nymph, for fire 
Hath no wings yet doth aspire 
Till it hit against the pole ; 
Heaven's the centre of the sou!, 

da. But in Elysium how do they 
Pass eternity away ? 

! there's neither hope nor fear, 
There's no wolf, ootoXf no bear, 
No need of dog to fetch our stray. 
Our Lighcfoot we may give awayj 
And there, most sweetly, may thiae 

ear 
FesBt with the music of the sphere. 
dd. How I my future state, 

By silent thinking, antedate ! 

1 pr3rthee let us spend our time to 
come, 

In talking of Elysium. 
Then V\\ go on : there sheep are full 
Of softest gra$a and softest wool ; 
There birds sing concerts, garlands 

grow. 
Cool windB do whisper, springs do 

flow ; 
There always is a rising sun. 
And day is ever but begun ; 
Shepherds there bear ec]ual sway. 
And every nymph's a queen of May. 



So 



POEMS AND SATIRES OF 



Dorinefii. 
7%ynii. 
Dorinda. 

Thynh. 

Dorlnda. 
Thyriis, 



Ah me ! ali me ! 

Doriada, wby dost cry? 
I'm sick, I'm flick, aad fain would itici 
Convince me now that thia is true 
By bidding, with me, a![ adieu. 
I cannot live without thee, I 
Will for thecj Jtiucb more with 

die. 
Then let ub give Cofcllia charge 

the sheep. 
Aod thou and V\\ pick poppies 

them steep 
Id wine, and drink on't even till 

weep, 
So Bha:)! we smoothly pass avajt 

sleep. 



CLORINDA AND DAMON 
Cior'mJa. 'pjAMON, come drive thy flc 

i-^ thia way. 
Damon. No : 'tis too late they wert astray. 
Clmintla. I haw a grassy scutcheon spied, 

Where Flora blazooa atl ber pride; 

The graes I aim to feast thy sheep, 

The flowere I for thy temples keep. 
Damon. Graea withers, and the flowers coo 

fade. 
Clor'mdct. Seize the short joys then, ere they 
vade,' 

Seest thou that unfrequented cave? 
Damon. That den ? 
Clarinda. Love's shrine J 

' P»>B away ; cf. Lai. vadm. 



ANDREW MARVELL 



8l 



rartt 

rindfl, 

7ion . 

ncn. 

rinda . 
num. 



rineia. 

won. 
<rinefa< 



But virtue's grave. 
In whO'&c cDol boBom we miiy He, 
Safe from the sun — 

Not Heaven's eye. 
Near this, a. foudCiiiD's liquid bell 
Xiok-tes within the COtiCAve ahcll. 
Might a 80ul bathe there and be cleaoj 
Or alak.e its drought? 

What is't you mean ? 
These once had been enticing things, 
Clartnda, pastures, caves, and sprmgs. 
And what late chimgeJ 

The otiier day 
Pan met me. 

What did great Pan say i 
Words that transcend poor shepherd'e 

skill ; 
But he e'er since my eonga does fill, 
And his name Rwells my slender o:it. 
Sweet must Pan sound in Damon's 

note. 

Cloiinda's voice might make it sweet. 

Who would not in Pan's praiwft 

meet ? 

Of Pan the flowery pastures sinE. 

Caves echo, and the fountains ring. 

Siog then wbile he doth us 

inspire ; 
For all the world is our Pan's 
quire. ' 




hh poem a aljo aII«goncal~-C]0rEnJa (t^pti^scntitig 
pIcaiuTC or the dfajfru of tlic body which ihould 
kte with (hi vinuoui ileslrcs of tbe loul in pniiiing 



82 POEMS AND SATIRES OF 



A DIALOGUE BETWEEN THE 
SOUL AND BODY 



SouJ 

OWHO shall from this dungeon raise 
, A sou] iDslaved so many ways ?— 
With bolts of bones ; that fettered standi 
In feel, and manacled in hands : 
Here blinded with an eye, and there 
Deaf with the drumrning of an ear ; 
A saui hung u]), as. 'twere, in chains 
Of nerves, and arteries, and veins ; 
Tortured, beaidee each other part, 
In 4 Tain head, and double heart t 

Ot who 6ha]l me deliver whole 

From bonds of this tyrannic soul, 

Which, stretched upright, impales me bo 

That mine own precipice I go ; 

And warms and move? this needlesB framM 

(A fever could but do the same,} 

And, wanting where its spite to try. 

Has made me Hve to let me die 

A body that could never rest 

Since this ill spirit it possessed ? 

Soal 
What magic could me thus confine 
Within another's grief to pine, 
Where, whatsoever it complain, 
I feel, that cannot feel, the pain ; 



i 



ANDREW MARVELL 



'3 



I 



And al! my car-e itsetf employs^ 
That to prcBcrve which me destroys; 
Constrained not only to indure 
DtseastB, but,, what's worse, the cure ; 
And, ready oft the port to gain, 
Am shipwracked into health agaiai' 

Body 

But Physic yet could never reach 

The maladies thou me dost teach ; 

Whom fJrKt the cramp of bo|>e does tear, 

And then the palsy shakes of fear ; 

The pestilence of love does heat, 
^a Or hatred's hidden ulcer eat ; 
^P Joy's cheerfiiE madness does perplqs, 
I Or sorrow's other madness Tex j 

Which fenowledg« forces me to know. 

And memory will not for«go. 

What buit a soul could have the wit 

To biiild me np for sin so fit ? 

kSo architects do square and hew 
Green trees that in the forest grew.' 

L DIALOGUE BETWEEN THE 
RESOLVED SOUL AND 

CREATED PLEASURE 



i 



OURAGE» my sou! ! Now learn to 

wield 
The weight of thine immorCAl shield ; 



•Tbew veneB appear to mc to leave off in the miiJiiJle 
F I limilc. They wcfe pfobably printctl from aa uorc- 
iM>] draft found imung MirvcU'g papers. 



8+ 



POEMS AND SATIRES OF 



Close on thy head thy helmet briglw 
Balance thy sword a.gaiiiai the figh 
See where an array strong as fefr, 
With stlken banners spreads 

aif ! 
Now if thou be'st that thing divii 
Id this day's combat let it shine; 
And filiaw that Nature wants an 
To concjTier one resolved heart. 

Pkafure. Welcome the creation's guest, 

Lord of earth, and Heasen's heir 

Lay aside that warlike crept 

And of Nature's banquet share j 

Where the souls of fruitB and llo' 

Stand prepared to heighten yours. 

Soul. I Klip above, and cannot stay, 

To bait' ao long Upon the way. 

Pkiuvrt. On these downy pillows fie. 

Whose soft plumes will thither fly 
On theae roses, sfrowed so plain 
Lest one leaf thy side should straii 

5W. My gentler rest ie on a thougbt,- 

Conecious of doing what I ought. 

Pitasure. If thou be'st with perfumeB pici 
Such 38 oft the godn appeased, 
Thou in fragrant clouds shalt shi 
Like another god below. 

SotiL A soul that knows rot to prcBurnc, 

Is Heaven's, and its Own, perfume, 

Pieaiuff. Everything does seem to vie 

Which should first attract thine 
eye : 

' To feast, nr to rert and re(rc»li oneicjf. 



IDREW MARVELL 



^ 



But sine? QoQc deserves that grsce, 
la :his crystal view tliy face. 
When the Creator'B akilJ is prized, 
Tke rest is ail but earth iHsguiBed, 
Hark how music then prepares 
For thy stay these charming airSj 
Which the posting winds recall, 
And suspend the river'a fall. 
Had J but any time to lose, 
On this I would it all diBpose. 
Cease, tempter ! None can chain a 

mind. 
Whom this sweet cordage caoaot 

bind. 

E'^~:rth cannot show so brave a sights 
As when a single aoul does fence * 
The batteriee of alluring Bcnse, 
id Heaven views it with delight. 
Then persevere j for still new 
charges Eound, 
And if thou overcom'at thou shah 
be crowned. 
1 that^s coBtly, fair, and sweet, 
Which scatteringly doth shine, 
all within one beauty nieet, 
And she be only thine. 
If things of sight suzb heavens be. 
What heavens a,re thoBc we cannot 
see ? 
, Wheresoe'er thy foot shall go 
The minted gold shall lie, 
Jill thou purchase all below, 
And want new worlds to buy. 

' Ward nff. 



86 POEMS AND SATIRES OF 

SbuL Were't not for price who'd idi 

gold? 

And that's worth nought that cm !i 
sotd. 
Pkasurc. Wilt thou dl the glory have 

That waf or peace commead \ 

Half the world shalt be Ihy slave, 

The other half thy iriend. 

Soul. What frieod, if to myaelf unlrue? 

What sl^V'BB, tinleas I captive you!! 

Pleasure. Thou shall kaow each hidden caul 

And see the future time ; 

Try what depth the centre draws, 

And then to Heaven climb. 

Soul, None ithither mountB by the degrei 

Of knowledge, but humility. 
Chanu. Triumph, triumph, victorioua soal 
The world has not one plesM 
more : 
The rest does lie beyond the pole, 
And is thine everlasting store, 

BERMUDAS' 

WHERE the remote Bermudas ride 
la the ocean's boeom onespied, 
From a Bmall boat that rowed alaug. 
The listening winda received this song : 
'Staits. 

' D»c9Vercdb)'Berinudai ia isii,tbegei»Ua<li 
knovrn ai Somcr'i Iilet, or thr Summer I^lnndif ( 
AHmiriil Sir George Samera being wrecked there in i' 
TKey were afterwprdg Coloniierf partly by Puritwii i 
Eriling from Englnnd during th« rule of the High Cti 
pirty. 



ANDREW MARVELL 



87 



" What ghould we do but sing Hi 



pratee 



T 

I 



I 



That led ng thrgugli the watery maze, 
Unto an iele so long uoknown, 
And yet far kiader than our own ? 
Where H« the huge Eea-moneters wrack«' 
That lift the deep upon their backs. 
He lande ug on a grasGy suge, 
Safe from the Btoprn's, and prelate's rage. 
He gave ub this eternal spring. 
Which here enamels everything, 
And sends the fowla to us in carcj 
On daily visilB through the aif ; 
He hangs in shadeH the orange bright, 
Like golden lampH id n green night. 
And does in the pome g ran a.te8 dose 
Jewels more ri-ch than Ormua showft ; 
He makes the figa our mouths tq meet, 
And throws the melons at ou: feet; 
But apples ^ plants Df such a price, 
No tree could ever bear them twice. 
With cedars choBeii by Hia hand. 
From LebaDO<n, He Htores the land, 
And mnkes the hollow t,eas that roar, 
Proclaim the ambergris on shore ; 
He cast {of which we rather boast) 
The Gospel's pearl upon our coast, 
And in these rocks for ua did frame 
A temple where to sound His fiame. 



■ tt h mM diaC wfaalci were often caK ashore, aa de- 
ctibcd in Ednjitnd Waller'i HatiJt t/J the Summfr JiJaadi. 

> By tbcir charter the coh>iiiiti wat proiDJied the tight 
if worvhip. 



K 



&& POEMS AND SATIRES OF 

Oh ! Jet ouf voicf His praise exaEt 
Till it arrive at Heaven's vault, 
Whichj thence (perhaps) rebovmding, mai; 
Echo beyond the Mexsquc Bay." 

Thus sung they ■□. the English boat 
An holy and a cheerful note ; 
And aEI the wdy, Co guide their chime, 
With falling oars tli«y kept the time. 



UPON THE DEATH OF THE 
LORD HASTINGS ' 

GO, intercept flome founta^b in the vein, 
Whose virgin -source yet never stepped ij 
plain. 
HastiDga is dead, and we must find a store 
Of tears untouched and ne»er wept before. 
Go, Btand betwixt the mqrning *pd ibe 3dw( 
And, ere they fall, arrest the early ehowera. 
Hastings is dead ; and we, disconsolate. 
With early tears must mourn his early fate. 
Alas 1 hie- virtuea did hie death presage. 
Needs must he die, that d&th outrun his age. 
The phlegmatic and slow proloogs his day. 
And on Time's wheel sticke like a remofa.' 

' Lord Henry Hn^Imgi, eliicBl Borl of the sixth Efitl lA 
HuDtingilon, died in his Iwcntirth year on the la^ 
June 1649. MaTVCil'ti versca wetv printeij in n coUectMio 
dC elegies on hit i^each, entitled '^< Lachrymx MusAnim,' 
to which Herriirk, Dryden ami Dcnham alio ci>ntribiile>t. 

-The luckcr-tiih, that \v:i9 suppuserj to deUy shiin bj. 
ittscbing hwlf In LiiBm. 



ANDREW MARVELL 



89 



lat man is he that haili oot Heaven beguiled, 
nd IE not thence gniEtakeo for q child ? 
'^hile those of growth more sudden and more 

bold, 
le hurned hence as if already old : 
or, there above, they cumber not as here, 
lit weigh to man the Geometric Vear,' 

Had he but at thte measure still increased, 
.nd on the Tree of Life once made a feast 
lB that of Icnowledgej what loves had he given 
'o earth, and then what jealoLisicB to Heaven ! 
lit 'tis a maxim of that State, that none, 
,est he become like them, ta$te more than one. 
'herefore the democraric stare ^ did rise, 
.nd all that worth from heace did ostracize.. 

Yet as some prince chat for state jealousy 
ecuree his Dearest and most loved ally, 
[ifi thought, with richest triumphs^ eDtcrtaine, 
jid in the choicest pleaaures charms, his paitis ; 
o he, mot banished hence, but there confined, 
'here better recreates his active mind. 

Before the crystal patace where he dwells 
'he armM atigela hoM their caToufiels ; 
jid uodemejith he views the tournaments 
ff all theie sublunary elemeuts. 
m moHt he doth the Eternal Book behold 
'n which the happy names do stand enrolled, 
jid gladly there can all his kindred claim, 
ut most rejoices at his mother's uame. 



mo, in the S*pirAVK(DDo]cviii.),«|ienk*ofa£pnmetrLc 
linbcr ttiit influencea all that is ^tierntecl by man. 
■A reference to the Civil War. 



I 



90 



POEMS AND SATIRES Ol 



The Gods themselves caonot their 
But draw their veils and their pure beams m 
Only they drooping Hyineneus ' note, 
Who for sad purple tearfi Siis BaffrOn-coat 
And trails his torchte through the starrj^j 
RevcrB^d a.t his darliag's funeral. 

And ^sculapius,^ who, ashamed aod stetti 
Himself at ot3« gondemncth and Mayerne,* 
Like Bome sad chemist,'' who prepared \o re; 
The golden h^vest, sees his glagGes leap.^ 
For how immortal must their race have «tqa| 
Had Mayerne once been mixed with 

blood ! 
How sweet and verdant would theee laiir 
Had they been planted on that balflam tree I 
But -what could he, good man, altht 

bruised 

All herha, and them a thousand ways infuaed 
All he had tried, but al! in viia^ he saw, 
And wept, as we, without redress or lawj 
For man, alas 1 is but the Heaven's spoi 
And Alt indeed is long, but Life it ?hot 

' The god of marriage. 
' The gvd at tit hesling artl. 
^Lord Ha«tiiigB wit to liave married the daD 
the fitnoui phyticiiDj Sir Theodore Maycrnc, 
' Alchemin- 
^ Break in an exploHon, 



isreil 

I 



fe fltooi 
aur^ 



ANDREW MARVELL 



9' 



HIS NOBLE FRIEND, MR 
RICHARD LOVELACE, UPON 
HIS POEMS' 



OUR times are much degenerate from those 
Which your swtet muse, which your 
good ioftune choBc, 
And as complexions alter with the cJimcSj 
Our wits haTC drawn tbe infection of our Umea. 
That caodid Age no other way could tell 
Xo be ingeaious, but by speaking weEi ; 
Who bcEt could praise bad then the greatest 

pralsti, 
'Twas more esteemed to give Ch3.[i wear the 

b&ys. 
Modest Ambition studied only then 
To honour, not herself, but worthy men. 
These Tirtues now are banished out of town, 
Our civil wars have lost the civic crown. 
He highest builds who with most art destroys, 
And against others' fame his own employs. 
I see the envloua caterpillar sit 
Ob the fair blossom of each growing wit. 

The air'a already tainted with the swarms 
Of itisecis, which against you rise in arms. 
Word-peckers, paper-rate, book-scorpioaa. 
Of wit corrupted the uafashioned sons. 
The barRd cen^urers' begin to iook 
Like the giim ConeiBtory ou thy book ; 

' ThetE verses were printed in the 1649 edition of 
Lov(^lac«'i. Lueaiia. 

' Critici like the Preibyterian liccnicr* of the preii, 
^liatt wbom Miilon hid written the Artafmgilka. 



h 



9» 



POEMS AND SATIRES OF 



And on each line cast a reforming eye, 

Severer than the young PreEibytery, 
Ti!], when in vain they have all thee perused, 
Yoti shall for being faultless be accused. 
Some reading your Lucama will allege 
You wronged in her the Houses' privilege; 
Some that you uflder acq uestration are 
Because you write wheii "Going to 

War ; " ' 
And one the book prohibits because Kcut 
Tteir first petition by the author sent.' 

But when the beauteous ladies carat to kiiuw] 
That their dtai Luvel:ice was endangered soi 
LovElace, that thawed the most cot9{ 

breast, 

He who loved beet, and them defended best, 
WhoBe hand so rudely grasps the eteely brand, ( 
Whose hand so gently melts the lady's hand; 
They all in niminy, though yet uodreasedt 
Sallied, acd woold in bis defence coflies.t. 
And One, the loveliest that was yet e'er seen. 
Thinking that I too of the rout had been. 
Mine eyes invaded with a female spite^ 
She knew what pain 'twould be to loGe ih 

sight. 
O no, mistake not, I replied, for I 
In your defence, or in his cause, would die] 
Em he, secure of giory and of time, 
Above their envy or mine aid doth climb. 



' A reference to Lovclace'i famoui ton^. 
'Lovelace ba.) been impnaonH for proeiuin^ ■ 
pelKioR from Kent for the reitantcinn of the Cbuich <A 

EngUrtd service. 



ANDREW MARVELL 



93 



nm valiant' St men and fairest nymphs approve, 
JB book in nhem Hods judgment, with you, 
love. 



TO HIS WOKTHV FRIEND, 
DOCTOR WITTV 



rPON HIS TRANSLATION OF THE '* POPULAR 

ERRORS "' 

SI ' r further and make room for thine own fame> 
Where just desert enrols thy honoured name, 
The Good Interpreter. Some in this tafik 
Take off the cypress veil, but leave a mask, 
Changing the Latin, but do more obscure 
That sense in EngUeh which was bright and 

pure. 
ifio of translators they are authors grown. 
For ill translators mate the book their own. 
Others do wrivt with worda and forced phrase 
To add such lustre and bd many rays. 
That but Lo make the veaae] shining, they 
Much of the precious meia! rub away. 
He is traoslation'E thief that addeth more, 
As much as he that taketfi from the atore 
Of the first author. Here he maketh blots, 
That mends ; and added beautiea are but spots. 

Cslia, whose English doth more richly flow 
Than Tagus, purer than disaolvM snow, 

' PjiaWd in Dr R, Wltty's [mnalatioH of Pafnifar 

Errori, Or Ertari nf Petifik in Pkyiic, hy Jacobiu Ptimtr- 

Dotuir publisher! in i&;i. 



h 



9+ 



POEMS AND SATIRES OF 



And sweet as »e her lips that speak it. she 

Now learns the tongues at France and Italy i 

But she IB Ccelia stjii ; no other grace 

But her own smiles cnmmend that lovely facei 

Her native beauty's not Italianated, 

Nor hercliasw mind, intg the French transtawdj 

Her thoughts are English, thougb her 6pa,rklbj 

wit 
With other language doth them fitly lit. 

TraaelatorB, learn of her: but stay, I alide 
Down into Error with the Vulgar tide] 
Women must not teach here : the doctor dolh 
Stint them to caudlea, almond' milk,, aod brotb.] 
Sg I reform, and Gurely ae will all 
Whose happy eyes On thy irapBlati-Ofl fall. 
I Bee the people hastening to thy book, 
Liting (hcmselves the worse the more they U 
And ao disliking that they nothing see 
Now worth the Hking^ but thy book and thw. 
And (if I judgraem have) I censure right. 
For something guides my hand cbat I niuBtwriiel 
You have trandaUon's statutes best fulhiled. 
That handliDg neither gully nor would gild. 



ON MR. MILTON'S PARADISE 

LOST' 

WHEN I beheld the poet blind, yei boU» 
In slender book hia vast de&tgn unfold, | 
Messiah crowned, God'e reconciled decree. 
Rebelling angela, the forbidden tree. 
Heaven, hell, earth, chaos, all \ the argummt 
Held me awhile miedoubilng tiiis inteDt, 
' Printed in ihe 1674 cdiiion <ti Milton'i puem. 



ANDREW MARVELL 



i'bzt he would ruin (for I saw him strong) 
The «acrcd truths to iable and old song, 
[So Samson groped the templeV pQSts in spite} 
The world o'erwhelmiog to reyeoge isft sight. 

Yet 38 I read, soon growing less severe, 
I liked his project, the euccesE did fear, 
Through (.h^t wide field how be his way should 

Jind, 
O'er which lame Faith leads Uadeiatanding 

blind, 
Lest he perplexed the things he would explain, 
And what was easy he should render vain. 

Or if a work ao infinite he spanned, 
Jealous I was that eome Icsg skili'ul hand, 
(Such as disquiet always what is well 
And by ill imitating would excel,} 
Might hence presume the whole creation's day 
To change in scenes, and show it in a play.' 

Pardon me, mighty pDet^ nor despise 
My cau&eleee, yet not impious, (surmise. 
But [ am now convinced, and none wiil dare 
Within thy labours to pi^etend a share. 
Thou hast not missed one thought thut could be 

And all that waa improper dose omit, 
So that no room is here for writers left, 
But to detect their ignorance or theft. 

That majesty which through thy work doth 
reign 
X)raws the devout, deterfing the profane j 
I And things divine thon treat's! of in such state 
As them preserveB, and thee, inviolate., 

' Dryden had leked if lie might ito to, iiiiil Milton had 
lold hiin he might " tag " bis verKs. 



h 



gfi POEMS AND SATIRES OF 

At once delight and horror on ub seize, 
Thou sing'st with so much gravity and ease. 
And above human flight dost soar aloft, 
With plume so Birong, so equal, and so soft ; 
The bird, named from that Paradise you sing, 
So never flags, but always keeps on wing.' 
Where could'st thou wnrds of such a comp 

find? 

Whence furaiah such a vast expan&e of mind J 
Jubl Heaven thee, like Tipeaiaft, to requite, 
Rcwarda with prophecy thy lose of sight. 

Well might' Bt thou scorn thy readers to aikl 
With tinkling rhyme, of thy Own sense fiecufe^] 
While the Town-Bayes^ writes all the whil 

and spells, 

And like a pack-horse tires ivjthont his beHs. 
Their fancies like our buahy points appear; 
The pgeu tag' them, we for fashion wear. 
1 too, transported by the mode, offend. 
And while 1 meant to praise thee, mie-c 
mend s * 

' This Brror, whitli even Buffon Ml into, aroie . 
the dtid UJrriinf Paradiic being atai to Europe with ill 
feel cut off. _ 

' Drydfn, called "Bayei,''' ia the Duke of Buckiai^ 
hani'i' satirical piect, generally wrote in rhymt, ami it 
EXplaincil aWay MiltDdS prcftU-cnct laf blank vccic u 
being line to hLa want of ability to rhyme raiily. On it' 

Othifr hailrf, MiUon isfiaid |d have called Drydcn "b, " 

rhymer, bat no post.'' 

3 "Tag," Ihe vciy Word that Milton u»cd iji gn 
Drydcn a surly permiMion 1o turn Puradht X,nf t 
a. play, wna- o metal point worn at xhe und of Uea] 
fanlening drcifleB. tt feebly Jiinglcd, Bad ic<nifnib'Mi 

* Original edition " must comraend." 



ANDREW MARVELL 



97 



ly verse- created like thy theme Kublime, 
lumber, weight, and measure, DEcds nat rhyme. 



AN EPITAPH UPON 



T 



M 

I 'T 



NOUGH 1 and leave the reet t-o fame 
'Tis to commend hex, but to name. 

Courtship, which, living, she declined. 

When dead) to offer were unkind, 
here never any could speak ill, 
ho would officious prai«eB s]>ilt ? 
or can the truest wit, or Iriend, 

Without detracting, her commend. 

To say she liscd a virgin chaste 
n this age Eoose and all unlaced ; 
or was, when vice is so allowed) 
f virtue or aalianied or proud ; 

That her bouI waa on Heaven bo bent^ 

No miDute bwt it came and went ; 

That ready her last debt to pay, 

She Bummed her life up every day ; 

Modest aa morn, as mid-day bright, 

entic as evening, cool afi night : 
Tit true, but all too weakly Eaid ; 

'Twaa more Fig^ificant^ " She's dead." 



98 POEMS AND SATIRES OF 



TWO SONGS 

jit the maflrjage of ths loud fauconi 
anij the lddv mary cb.omwell^ 

The Fikst Sosg 

Cherut, Eniiymhtit Lurra 

Chorui 

THE astrologer's own eyes are eel, 
And even wolves ihe sheep forg< 
Only this shepherd, late and sdoq, 
Uponlhis hiiii outwakcE the mooo j 
Hark how he smgs with sad delight, 
Thorough the clear a.nd siieat Dighc ! 

Enelymion 
Cynthia, O Cynthia, turn thine ear, 
Nor sqorn Endyraign's plaints to hear! 
As we our flocks, so you commaQd 
The licecy clouds with silver wand. 

Cynfhta 
If thou a mortal, rather elepp ; 
Or if a shepherd, watch thy shee 

Endym'ton 

The shepherd, &irce he saw thine eyw, 
Aud eheep, ate both thy sacriljce ; 

^On th« ic|th of November 1657, Mary, the 
Protcctor'i tblrH ilsughter, who wa» famou* for her bi 
wai m^Fricil la Thom^iB Bclasyic, then Vixtutrnt, 
ward) Earl ti Piuconberi!, 1 couiio a( Lord Fajrtix., 



ANDREW MARVELL 

for meritB he a mortal's name, 
^hat bums with aa immoi'tal Eamc. 

Cynihia 
bave enough for me to do, 
E.ulmg the waves ihai ebb and flow, 

Enifymim 

lince tiiou disdain'st not then to share 
)ii sublunary things thy care, 
Lather restrain these dguble seas, 
[iDe eyes, uaceesant deluges. 

Cynikia 

[y wakefii] lamp all night muttt muve, 
Jecuriag their repose above, 

Endymion 
therefore thy refipkndeni ray 
ZiTi make a night more bright than day, 
ihine thorough this obscurer breast, 
''iih shades of deep despair oppreaaed. 

Chorui 
'ourage, EDdymion^ boldly woo! 

Lnchiees was a shepherd too, 

''et ifi her younger tiis-ter laid 
Jporting with him ID Ida's shade ; 

Lnd Cynthia, though the strongest, 
}«cks but the honour to have held out loages'. 

Endymion 
[ere unto LatRias' top I climb, 
low far below thine orb eubltme ! 

why, as well as eyes to see, 
[are I not arms that reach to thee \ 



99 



loo POEMS AND SATIRES OF 

Cynthia 
'Tis DeedleM then that I refuse. 
Would you but your own reaeon use. 

Enrlymion 
Though I ao high may not Jifetend, 
It in the BaffiCj §0 you descend. 

Cynthia 

These stare would say I da them wrong, 
Rivals, each one, for thee too Krong. 

EndymisK 
The Btara aie fixed unto their sphere 
And cannot, though they would, come 
LesH loTEK Bet oif each other's praiEe^ 
While BtarB eclipBe by mixing rays. 

Cynthia 
That caTC is dark. 

Endymion 
Then none can apy % 
Ot shine thou there, and 'tis the sky ! 

Chortu 
Joy to Endymion 1 
For he has Cynthia's favour won. 

And Jove himself approves. 
With his aerenest influence their loves. 
For he did cever love to pair 
Hta progeny aboTe the air ; ' 
But to be hoocBt) valianlt, wtse, 
Makes mortals matches fit for d«itieij 

' It WIS report«il that Mi^arin hid fropoKil 
Ch&rlei 11. ihouW murry Cramwelt'e riinghitr. 




Hobhinoif Phiiiij, Tumaiin. 

Hel/hinol 

PHILLIS, Tomalin, away ! 
Never such a merry day, 
For the northern shepherd's aon 
Has Menalcas' daughter won. 

PhUftt 
Suy till I some l^owerB hare tied 
In a garland for the bride. 

Tomalin 
If thou would&t a gaF^anid bring, 
Phillie, you may wait lh« spring ; 
TJiey have chosen swch an hour 
When she is the only flower, 

Let's not then, at least, be aceti 
Without each a sprig of green. 

Fear oot ; at MenaJcas' hall 
There are baya enough for all. 
He, when young as we, did gra'ze, 
Bur when old be planted bays. 

Tomalin 
Here she comes ; bjt with a look 
Pai more catching than my hook ( 
'TwaK those eyes, I now dare swear 
Led our lambs wc knew not where. 



102 POEMS AND SATIRES OF 

Hobbinoi 
Not our lambs' own ileecea are 
Curled so lovely ae ber hair. 
Nor our sheep aew-waehed can be 
Half so. white or sweet as she, 

Phillh 
He flo looks as fit to keep 
Somewhat else thaa silly sheep. 

Hohhiml 
Come, let's ia siomc c^ol new 
Pay Co Love and them their due. 

All 
Joy to that happy pair 
Whose hop«s united baniEh our despair. 

What shepherd could foi love pretend. 
Whilst all the nymphs on Damon's 
choice attend \ 

What BhepherdesB could hope to wed 

Before Miirina'a turn were sped \ 
Now leaser beauties may take place, 
And meaner virtues come in p)ay ; 
While they, looking from high, shall grace 
Our docks and ub with a propitious ey«. 
But what IB TupBt, the gentle swain 
No more shall need of love complain ; 
But virtue shall be beauty's hire, 
And those be equal, that have equal lire. 

Marina yields. Who dares be coy ? 
Or who de»pair, now Damon docs enjoy ? 

Joy to that bappy pair. 
Whose hopes united baaiah our despur ! 



ANl 



MARVELL 



loy 



AN HO RATION ODE 

UPON CKCMWBtL^S HBTUilM FAOM IKEcAHD' 

THE forward youtb that would appear. 
Must now forsake hk Muses dear. 
Nor tn the ehitdows sing 
His numbers languishing. 

'Tis time to leayc the books id dust. 
And oil the unueM irmour's rust ; 

E.«niQiTing from the wall 

The corslet of the hall. 

So reatlefis Cromwell could not cease 
In the inglorious arts of peace. 

But through adventurotie war 

Urg^d bis active atai ; 

Aad Eike the three-forked lightniiag Jirsi 
Breaking the clouds where it waa nurBl, 

Did thorough his own Side 

His fiery way divide : 

For 'tis all one to courage high, 
The emulous, or eaeray; 

tAnd with such, to enclose 
Is more than to oppose ; ' 

' CTomwell left Ireland an the 26ih May i6jo and 
rocccdeJ to Scotland on the £Sth June, winning the 
little of Dunbpr on the jrd of Spptcmbei, 

' /■ i^ CromweU bFck-? aw^y t'rora hi* own party becBuie, 
I a man of high courage, hii geoitiH wm pritviiked at 
inch by liwolry ai hj hnitiiily, snci more by rMtciint 
\ta.a by oppotition. 



1 



I04 POEMS AND SATIRES 0l 

Then burning through the air he vent, 

And palaces and temples rent ; 
Add Cxsar'E head at last 
^ Did through his laurels blast. 

'Tib oiudn'eH.s to reBiat or blame 
The force of angry heaiven's fiame; 
And if we would speak true. 
Much to the man is due, 

Who, from hia private gardens, whe 
He liTcd reserved and austere, 
(Ah if ijiB highest p!ot 
To jjlaot the bergamot, 'J 

Could by todustrioua salour climb 
To ruifi the great work of time. 

And cast the kingdoms old, 

Into another mould ; 

Though Justice against Fate compL 

And plead the ancient rights in vai^ 
But thoBc do hold or break, 
A« men are strong or weak ; 

Nature, that, hateth emprinesii, 

Allows of penetration lesE, ^ 

And therefoie must make rooift 
Where greater epirits come. 

What field of all the civil war, 
Where his were not the deepest scai 

And Hampton shows what part 

He had of wiser art i 

^ A kind of p«ai. __^ 

'The »';hola»tic dactrioei ai In the non-exirien^i 

vacuum anJ the imposiibllity ofmittvr Jiiler|>i:aelri 

or occttpyiag the same ipnce n olh«r m-attcf. 



r 



I 



ANDREW MARVELL 105 

Where, twining subtle fears with hope, 

Ue wove a net of sucb a §cope 

Thai Charles himseir might cbage 
To Carifibrooke's aarrow caKe, ' 

Thai thence the royal acior borne. 
The tragic scalFold might adorn : 

While round the arm^d bands 
Did ctap their bloody hands. 

He nothing common did or mean, 
Upon that memorable scene, 

But with hia keener eye 

The axe's edge did try : 

Nor called the Gods with vulgar spite 

To vindicate his helpless right; 
H But bowed his comely head 

H Down, as upon a bed. 

This was that memorable howr, 
^ Which lirfit assured the forcW power ; 
H So, when they did design 

H The CapitDl'E iirBt line, 

■ A bleeding head, where they begun, 
Did fright the architects 10 run ; 

And yet in that the Stat? 
"y^ Foresaw its happy fate, 3 

Mifvell i.ermi tn h.ivE Etcen mjitakca m ihinkmg 
It Ctamwcll lured the kiag to iui it'Dooi. Sec 
irJincr'a Hislsiy a/ lii Ctvtl fynr, vol. iv., page 17, 
" Fated ; forced by fate. 

' In digging [he founiI:it!4>ni at the Capitol cHe Ramatii, 
WAI relaieil, Muiid tht heait of one Tdliua, which was 
zcptxd AS aa omca that Rdok woulil be the head of the 
PTld. 



To6 POEMS AND SATIRES OP 

AdcI aow Che Irish are a.sh3med 
To lec themselves in one year tamed; 
So much one man can do, 
Tliat does both act and liQOw- 

They can affirm his praises beat. 
And have, chough overcome, confessed 
How good he ib, how juat, 

And fit for hiighest trust. 

Nor yet grown stiffer with comTnand, 
But still in the Republic's hand — 

How fit he is to sway, 

That csa ao well obey ! 

He to the Commons' feet preaetits 
A kingdom for his first year's rents i 
And, what he may, forbears 
His fame, to make it theirs ; 

r 

And has his aword and apoila uagirt, 

To lay them at the Public's sltirt : 

So, when the faleon high 

Falls heavy from the sky, 

She, having killed, no more doth search 
But on the next green bough to perch. 
Where, when he first does lure, 
"^ The falconer has her sure, 

What may not then our Isle presume. 
While victory hia crest does plume I 
What may not others fear, 
If thus he crowns each year ? 



I 



ANDREW MARVELL 107 

As Cffaar, he^ efe long to Gaul, 
To Italy an Hannibal, 
I And to all States not free, 

V Shall climacteric ' be. 

The Pict no shelter now shaE! find 

Within bis parti-coloured mind. 
Bat, from this t^lIdut sad,^ 
Shrink underneath the plaid ; 

Happy, if, in the tufted brake, 
The Eaglish hunter him mistake, 

Noi lay hiB houndE is near 

The Caled-onian deer. 

But thou, the war's and fortune'a son, 

March indefatigably on ! 

And for the fast eflecl, 
Still keep the Bword erect. 

Besides the force it haa to fright 

The epiritB of the shady night, 

The «3me arts that did gain 
A power, ntuac it maintain. 



THE FIRST ANNIVERSARY 



■OF THE COVBUNMENT UNDEK HIS HIGHNESS 
A TWE LORD PKOTECTOB.^ 

"ike the vain curlings ot the wat'ry maze, 
-^ Which in nmooth streams a sinking weight 
does raise, 

' DsuBcpumnd p tinea r ling change, This wa» attothe 

inion af MasaHn's ^ents. 

? Sober valour. 

■iLtlribute'l in the i^^^te PocmH iif 1707 !□ WiilleT. 



iMi 



ic8 POEMS AND SATIRES OF 



So mas, declining always, diHappears 
In th? weak circles ol inciessiag years ; 
And his «boit tumults of themselves compose, 
While flowing time above hie head doee clow. 

Cromwell alooe with greater vigour runs, 
Sun-like, die Btagee of succeeding suns ; 
And Btill the day wbtch he doth next restore, 
Is the just wonder of the day before ; 
CromweU alone doth with new lustre spring, 
And shines the jewel of the yearly ring. 
'Tia he the force of scattered time contracts, 
And in one year tSie work of ages acts ; 
While heavy rtionirchfi make a wide return. 
Longer and more malignant than Saturn,' 
And though they all Platonic years 'ahould reiE 
In the same posture would be found again. 
Their earthly projecta under ground they laj, 
More slow 4nd brittle than (he China clay ; ^ 
Well may they strive to leave them to their 
For one thing never wa* by one king done. 
Yet some ^ more active, for a frontier town 
Took in by proxy, begs a false renown ; 
Another triumphs at the public cost. 
And will have wod, if he no more have loa j 
They fight by others, but in perEon wrong,' 
And only are against their subjects Btroog ; 

' Saturn, auppasrd in aatrnlog)' to cicrt a moJign inflt 
ence, take* about tWEnty-niae and a-halfyearg. to 
one TevoLutioD' 

' 1,1,, zi,aoo years. 

3 Chin CSC porcflnin vrnt thought to be made from i 
mLinirc that hiid [□ he placed unifergroiinH foi' a hundfi 
yeajs. 

"Oat. 

^ Cmrry out thc'ti acta of bjuiticc ihcmselvc*. 



ANDREW MARVELL 



1O9 



.A 

It; 



t 

E 



^^ 



heir other wars are but a feignect contest, 

-his coramoB caeiTly is still Opprest. 
conquerors, on them they turn their might, 
T conquer^ d, 00 (hem they wreak their spite 5 

'hey neither buJW the temple in their days, 
'JJor matEer for succeeding founders raise v 

or sacred prophecies consult within. 

iuch less iheTnselreB to perfect them begin ; 

o other care they beat of things aibove, 

ut with astrologers, dbine of Jove,' 
To know how long their planet yet repricTes 
From their deaery^d fate their guilty lives, 
Thue, image-like, an useless time they tell, 
Aod with taifl acepcre strike the hourly bell f 
Nor more cootrtbute to tbe atate of thinge, 

han wooden heads unto the tSoI's stfingB ; 

While indefatigable Crornwcll hies, 
And cuts his way still nearer to the Kkies, 

earmiog a music in the region clear, 

'o lupe this lower tp that higher sphere. 

So when Amphion ' did the lute comma.nd. 
Which the god gave him, with his gentle hand, 
Tbtr rougher stones, unto hie measures hewed, 
Danced up in order from the quarrieB rude ; 
This took a lower, that an higher place, 
Ab he the treble altered, or the base ; 

' Except lliBt with the help of aitriflagem they Itady 

the ai^pect of JupiLer (or conjecture God'i iatcntiaiii) la 
orJet to know, etf. 

' AiBphion, [he I'oa of Jupiter, who, by the sound of 
th? lyre Mercury gt-ve him, marlc tht stonci of the Walli 
of Thebes conie togelhsT, ia snppoied to have beca *Qrae 
mythic hno, who by hi> eloqueacc petfLadEd a savage 
race to unite tog^eihEr M,ad build, a dt)' ai. a defeace agaioit 
Ir cncmiei-. 



110 



POEMS AND SATIRES OF 



No note he struck but a new story laid. 
And tbe great work ascended while he plij 
The listening structures he with WDDdet<, 
And still new slops to various time- applied ; 
Now through the striags a martial rage he throL 
And joiniDg straigtit ihe Thebao tower aroftetj 
Then ss he strokes tbem with a touch 

sweet, 
The flocking marbles in a palace meet; 
But for the most he graver notes did try, 
Therefore the templeH reared their coin 

high : 
Thus, ere he ceased, his sacred lute create* 
The harmonious city of the seven gai.es. 

Such wa? that wondrous order and CODSeOI,-] 
When Cromwell tuned the ruling ipetrwracot; 
While tediouA statesmen many year« did hack,^ 
Framing a liberty that still went back. 
Whose numerous gorge coiiild swallow id 

tour, 
That island which the sea caDDOn devour 
Then ovt Amphion issues out and einga. 
And once he struck, and twice, the pow« 

B^rtngB. 
The Commonwealth then first together 
And each one entered in the willing frame. 
All other matter yields, and may be ruled, 
But wW the minds of stubborn men can build) 
No auarry bears a atone ao hardly wrought, 
Nor with eych labour from its centre brought] 
None to be mink in tbe fotrndaiion beadg, 
Each in the house the highest place coat 



' Summer sad hesitate. 



ANDREW MARVELL 



111 



each the hand that lays him will direct, 
^nd some fail back upon the architect ; 
fet all) composed by his attractiTe soag, 
[nto the animated city throng. 
The Commonwealth does through tfaeir 

centres all 
Draw the circiunferenge of the public wall ; 
Vhe crosGPSt apiriu heie do take their part, 
F^asteniag the concig nation' which they thwart: 
ftjid they whose nature leads them to divide^ 
Llphold, this one, and that the other aide ; 
But the most equal littll sustain the height, 
fVod they, as pillars, keep the wotk upright ; 
While the resistance of opposed minds 
Tb? fabric, as with arches, stronger binds;, 
Which Qp. the basis pi a senate free, 
K.oit by the roofs protecting weight, agree. 

When for iiis foot he thus a pbce had found, 
He hurls e'er since the world about him rouad ; 
And Id his several aspects, like a star. 
Here shinea in peace, and thither shoota m war ; 
IWbile by his beams observing princes eteer, 
And wisely court the influence they fear. 
O, would they rather, by hie pattern won, 
iGsB The approachiiig, nor ;yeT aagry sun, 
And in their numbered footsteps humbly tread 
The path where holy oracles do lead! 
How might they under such a captain raise 
The great designs kept for the latter day* ! ' 



" CrOM-pitCES. 

'Cromwell's dpeign o( a league aS the Protc»taat 
countrkt 'od a UQiveraal war for liberty of conicicnce, 
tnd tbe pirtitioning of the globe between Eo^land and 
ad. 



^lUiuJ 



Ill POEMS AND SATIRES OF 






But mad with reason, so miscalled^ of state. 
They know them not, and what they know or'J 
hate. I' 

Hence still they siag HoBaona to the Whwt.'' 
And her, whom they should massacre, adore; 
But Indians, whom they should convert, sub 
Nor teach, but trathc with, or burn the Jei 
Unhappy princes, ignorantly bred. 
By mal!ice some, by error more misled. 
If gracious Heaven to my life give length, 
Leieure to time, and to my weakness streng 
Then shall I once with graver accents shake 
Ydot regal sloth and your long slumbers wakt: 
Like the shrill huntsman that prevents the 
Wlcdifig his horn to kings that chase the 

Tilt then my Muse shall hilloo far behind 
Angelic Cromwell, who outwinga the wind, 
And in dark nights, and in cold days, alooe^ 
PltrsueB the monster thorough every throne. 
Which sinking to her Rgijiau den impure, 
Goashe^ her gory teeth ; nor there secure. 

Hence oft I think, if in some happy hi>u 
High grace should meet in one with hijj 

pover. 
And then a seasonable people still 
Should bend to his, as he to HeaTco's, will, 
What we mighc hope, what wonderful effect 
From such a wished cotijuncture might reflccl.1 

' Rome. CtoedwcII prapai«cl to attack all COU 
that iupporKci the InquieitiOiQ. 

= They, the Dutcb, only subdue ihoac tndian* 
they ought CO convert, and trade wjlJi or burn ihal 
whom they onglit w Imtruct, 

> Comci out before the diwn. 



ANDREW MARVELL 



i'3 



ihc mysterious work, wiierc cone withstand, 
Would rorlhwitb tinish under such a banrt ; 
Foreshortened time its useless course would atay, 
And 800Q precipitate the latest day -. 
But 3, ttick cloud about that morning lies, 
And intercepts the beams to mortal eyes ; 
That 'tis the mosi which we d«erminc can, 
If these the timeS] then this mus^c be the ma.a ; 
Aod well he therefore does, and well has 

guesBcd, 
Who in hie age has alway* forward pietsc-d. 
And knowing DotwhereHeaven'Hchoke may light. 
Girds yet his sword, aod ready ataods to light. 
But men, alaa 1 as if ihey nothing cared. 
Look on, tX] unconcerned, or unprepared; 
And stats Gtilt fall, and still the dragon's tail 
Swinges the volumes of iti horrid flail ; 
For tbe great justice that did iirat Huspcnd 
The world by sin, doea by the same extend. ^ 
Hence that blest day stilt counterpoiftcii waste*, 
The ill delaying, what the elected hsiites ; 
Hence, landing. Nature' to new ieas is tossed. 
And good designs stiU with their authors but. 
And thou, great Cromwell, for whose happy 
birth 
A mould was chosen out of better earth, -^ 

< GoH wtio in His Justice having iirat, {jurmg the Flnod, 
jirtwrupied the progreas of the wcrlci beeaB»e of mcn'i 
mi^ now, for the same rcasiin, uteDctg the Ijmtu nf the 
^^Bi J i.(,,(hcwc<3llb of the Iikiilct hnt only served furchfrr 
^RotTUpl (he Spiniard.and novvprcvcoU ihc Dutch, from 
jaininE the PrnCui'UnE Le^^ue, Bni projtagaiiai; the gLii)ici 
"ifirt ioil iword, in accordsaee wiLh Cromwcll'i great 
il 
M which U DiturBUr guoil r (digton aai iilteity. 

M 






114 POEMS AND SATIRES OF 

Wboae saint-like mother ' we did lately sec 
Live out an age, long as a pedigree, 
That she might seem could we the Fall diBpul 
To have smelt the blosBom, and not ate 

fruit,— 

Though none does of more lasting parents gW 
Yet oever any did them honour so, 
Though thou ihioe heart fwm evil still f( 

Blained, ' 
And always ha*t thy tongue from fraud 

frained; 
Thou, who BO oft through storms ol thunderiu 

lead 
Hast burne aecnrety thine undaunted head ; 
Thy bfeaet through poniarding conspiracieB, ^ 
Drawn from the sheith of lying prophecies; 
The [iroof beyond all other force oe skill, 
Our hina endanger, and shall one day kill. 
How near they failed,'' and in thy sudden fall 
At once essayed to overturn us all ! 
Our brutish fury^ struggling to be frire, 
Hunied thy hor^sE, while they huiried thev;' 
When ihou hadst almost <^iiit thy mortal caria, 
And soiled in dust thy ciown of eilver hairs. 
Let this one sorrow iacerweare among 

'Ellzabctb Cromwdl, who dLcd,dgcd eiehty-nkt, 
(he i6th of November 1654. 

' " UMtaineJ " in priginal edition. 

J Geisfd'* plot in May [^54.. 

4 How narrowly our sini failed ta kill thcc, ftC< 

sOti the igth of Scptenilier 165+, while Croin,*i 
ytbe bail 1 pillion for tiorjes, wag driving 1 coadi 
Hyde Park, i( ovtrtujrie'l, aatl, hia fool Catching In I 
nini, he wa% draggEil along tht ground and ncil 
tlllerf. 



ANDREW MARVELL 



ri5 



ocher glories of our yearly Gong; 

Like bkilful loomst which through die costly 
' thread 

Of purling ore,' a. Hhining wave do ahed, 

So shall the teara we on past grief employ, 
! Still as they trickle, glitter in our joy j 
.'So "whh more modesty we may he true, 
t[ And Bpealc, as oi' the dead, the praises due ; 

While impious meo, deceived with pleasurt 
I ahurt, 

Op their awB hopes shall find the tall retort, 
I, But the poor beastE, waoting their noble guide — 

What could they more ?^EhruQk guiltily aside : 
. First wingid fear tranepurts them far away, 
r And leaden sorrow th-ea their flight did stay, 
r See how they both their towering crests abate, 
, And the green grass and their known mangera 

hate, 
I Nor through wide noatrila snuff t!ie wanton air, 

Nor their round hooft cr curIM manee compare ; 

Kth wandering eyes and restless ears they 
stood, 
d with flhfill ncighbga asked him of the 
I wood. 

Thou, Cromwell, falling, not a Etopid tree. 
Or rock so eavage, but it mourned for thee ; 
'■ And all about was heard a panic groan, 

As if that Nature's self were overthrown. 
■ U seemed the earth did from the centre tear. 
It seemed the sun was fallen from bh sphere: 
' Justice obstructed (ay, and reason fooled, 
' Courage disheartened, and religion coo!cd ; 



' Of gciJ-len tmhroid*ry. 



ii6 POEMS AND SATIRES OF 



A diGnial silence through the palace went, 
Anii then ioud shrieks the vaulted marbles rtM,| 
Such as the dying chorus' Hinga by turns, 
And tQ desf seas and ruthless tempests mounu, I 
When now they sink, and now ^e plundm 

stream B 
Break up each deck and rip the open eeams. 

But thee, criumphant heacc, the liery car 
Aad liery steeds had borne out of the welt. 
From the low world and ihanklesB men, aboTt 
Unto the kingdom blest of peace and lo^e : 
We only mourned ouraelves in thine aaccnt, 
Whom thou hadat left beneath toith mir 

rent ; ' 

For all delight of life thou then didst lose, 
When to coraisiaTid thou didst thyself de^JOK, 
Resigning up thy privacy so dear, 
To turn the headstrong people's charioteer i 
For to be Cromwell was a greater ihiog 
Than ^ughi below, or yet above, a king : 
Therefore thou rather didst thyself depress. 
Yielding to rule; ^ because it made thee less. 

For neither didst thou from the firbt apply 
Thy Bober spirit unto things too high ; 
But in thine own fields pxercisedGt long 
A healthful mind within a body strong 4 
Till at the scveort time, thou in the skies, 
As a small cloud, like a man's hand didst nx:\ 
Then did thick misia and winds the air dcfodi 
And down at last thou poiir'dst tlie fertile stormj 

' I.r.f of drowaing ineii. 

*Ai ElCjih did. Cf, 2 Kingi ii, ll-fj. 

iSubmicticig to being miidc the ruLt:r. 
* Sit I Kiufi Kviii. 44-46> 



ANDREW MARVELL 
lich Lo the thiiBty knd did plenty briog* 



117 



But, though lbiewariied,o'ertook and wet the king. 

What, sidce thou didat, an bigher i'orce thee 
pushed 
Still from behind, and it before thee ruebed. 
Though undisccrncd among the tumult blind 
Who think those Kigh decrees by man deejgned, 
'Twas heaven would not that thy power should 

cease, 
But walk ' atill middle betwixt war and peace ; 
ChoosiDg each intone, and [loising every weight, 
Trying the measures of the breadth and height. 
Here puiliag dowQ, and there erecting dvw, 
FuundiDg a. hrm state by praportioos true. 

When Gideon so did from the war retreat, 
Yet by the conquest of two kings grown great, 
He on the peace ext^ends a warlike power, 
And Israel, silent, saw hjm rase the tower, 
And feow he Succoth'B elders durK euppresa 
Wirh thorns and briars of the wildernesG ; 
No king might ever such a force have done, 
Yet would not he be lord, nor yet his son.- 

Thou with the Bame strength, and a heart so 
plain, 
Didst, like ihine olive, still reRise to reign; 
Though why should others all thy labour spoil, 
And braniWea be ^noiPted with thiiie oil J-' 
Whose climbing JIame, without a timely stop, 

' But tlut it (houL'l walk, «lc. 

- Judgei viii. Ciileorii not being acsietcd by the clden 
ol Soecplh and the men of I'cniiic] when he wd« in pur* 
ink of tbe two Meilun kinge, PiteciiJeil hii opcntioni 
ajainBl them, 

'Ju.lgei i*. 7-15. 



h 



il8 



POEMS AND SATIRES OF 



Had quickly levelled every cedar's top j 
Therefore, first growing to ihyself a law. 
The ambitious shrubs thou id just time didst ai 

So have I seen at &ca, wheo whirling windi. 
Hurry the b;irk, bui more the seamen's mioda 
Who with miiitaken course saluce the aand — 
And threatening rocke miaapprehend for tand — I 
While baleful tritonB to the shipwreck guide, 
And corposants ' along the tacklings slide ; 
The pasfiengers all wearied out before. 
Giddy, and wishing for the fatal shore, — 
Some lusty mate, who with more careful eye 
Counted the hours, and every star did spy, 
The helm does from the artless steerBinul 

strain. 
And douhles back unto the safer tnain ; 
What though awhile they grumHe, discoment!) 
Saving himself, he does their loes prevent. 

'Tie not a freedom that, where all comr 
Nor tyranny, where one does them withstand ; 
But who of both the boundere know to lay, 
Him, as their father must the State obey. 

Thou and thine houae, like Noah's eight AH 
rest, 

Left by the war's fi&od, on ihe mountain's creiii 
And the large vale Jay subject to thy will. 
Which thou hut as an huisbandman wouldst tillf 
And only didst for otberB plant the vine 
Of Liberty, not drunken with its wine. 
That ?ober liberty which men may have. 
That ihey enjoy, but more they vatnly cRiTe; 

■ ELectric Aamee that play nbiiut ihr maat nnil yanW tl 
a ihip. 

' UnikilfuJ »tecr»msn, /,*., the Long PaTliim*i>t, 



ANDREW MARVELL 



119 



.nd such as to their parent's tenia do press^ 
[ay show their own, not see hie tialtedness* 
Yet such a Chammish iasue ' stilt doth rage, 
The shame and plague both of the land and age, 
Vho watched thy halting, aod thy fall deride, 
lejoicicg when thy toot had slipped aside, 
["hat tlieir new fcing might the fifth sceptre 

shake, ^ 
^d make the world, by his esample, tjuake ; 
V^hoae frantic army, should they want for men, 
(light muster heresies, so one were tea^^ 
V^hat thy iniBfoitune,'' they the Spirit call, 
^Tid their religion only is to fall. 
) Mahomet ! now couldet thou rise again, 
'by falHng-EicknesB Ghould have made tiiee reign ; 
Vhile Feak and Simpson ^ would in many a tome 
lave writ the commenta of thy sacred foam : 
'or Aoon thou mightst hure passed among their 

rant, 
iTere't but for thine unmosM tdipaot ; ''' 
L8 thou must needs have owned thcni of thy 

band, 
QC prophecies fit to be alcorancdl. 
Accursed locuscs, whom your king does spit 
>ut of the centre of the unboLtomed pit ; 



' The iaiue- of ihe son rf Hjm. Cf. Gen, Ix. 11-3. 

' The Fifth Mdcarchy men iigitaied fot the Reiyn of 
brist and Hia Minis, j.^., of men of a very godly char- 
tcft id a Church'PadinmeDt. 

* Tta niBii to one sect. 

* Epilepsy, 

s Two nolorioiis Annbaptisls nnd fifth Monarthy nn!n 
ho hnil been impriiortcd for preaching agiiiDBt Cromwell, 
' lif^c.iuae yoLi woiiid nol remove your turhan, like die 
u-akere, who woulil Dot take off ihdr k^lK 



120 POEMS AND SATIRES OF 



Wander«8, adulterers, Hare, Munzer'a rest,' 
Socerers, atheistB, JeBuiia, posaeat ; 
You, who tke Scriptures and the law6 defect, 
With the same liberty as points and lace; 
O race, most hypocrilicafly strict ! 
Beot to reduce ua to the afltieot Pict, 
Well may you act the Adam and the Etk, 
Ay, and the Serpent too, that did decei?¥.' 

But the great captain, now the danger'K oN 
Mukes you, for his sake, tremble one fit idori 
And, to your Bpiie, returning yet alive, 
Does with himself, all that is good, revive. 

So, when first man did through the moi 
dew, 

See the blight aua his shining race pursue, 
Alt day he followed, with unwearied sight. 
Pleased with that other world of moving lighli 
But thought hiitt, when he misaed hb setting 

bcamB, 
Sunk in the hilts, or plunged below the suewniv 
Whi!e dismal blacks J hung rouad the uni^trsc, 
And stars, hke ta:pers, burned upon his hearse; 
And owfs and ravena with tLeir screeching noife 
Did make the funerals ^ sadder by their joyt. 
HtB weeping eyes the doleful vigils keepf 
Not knowing yet the night was made for alccp. 
Stcll to the westf where he him lost, he lurnro, 

' The wont of Mudect'b Amihaptlit follawers, uhc 
emplayerf (he sword in the propagatlQn of iheir "ilt 
dacCrinee. 

' Stimc nf the " ifltiters " went niikeri ; immorablj vro 
preached by somf ai sui aid lo ipiriiual fervour, »nrl u 
Ael of P^rljatneoi hail ti> b« patieJ tu resiraiu a aumbu 
of MGitiatit. 

> Monmini robci. 



ANDREW MARVELL 



lai 



with such accents. 
mine 



^hy did 



as despairing, mourned 



Oilce Bee bo 



bright 



)r why day last no longer than a day ?*' 
j When Straight the sun bebind him he dcBcried, 
i Smiling serenely from the further side, 
. So while our star that gives us light ?nd hc3t| 
I Seemed now a long and gloomy night to threat. 
Up from the other world his flame doth dart/ 
And princes, s-hining through theirwind&ws, start ; 
Who their Buspecied caUDseilors refuse, 
And credulouB ambassadors accuse. 
" Is this," eaith one, " the nation that we read^ 
Spent with both warSj under a captain dead ? 
That rig a navy wbile wt dress us late. 
And ere we dine, rase and rebuild a sfate ? 
What oaken foreatHf iind what golden mines, 
What mints of men, what union of designs! 
Unlese their ships do as their fowl ^ proceed 
Of shedding (eaves that with their ocean breed, 
Theirs are not ships, but rather aiks of war, 
And beakfd promontoriee sailed from far ^ 
Of liloating islands a new hatched rest, 
A fleet of worlds of other worlds In q^est ; 
An hideouG Khoal of wood Leviathans, 
Armed with three tire of brazen hurricanes. 
That through the centre sboot their thundering 

side, 
And sink the earth, thac does at anchor ride. 
What refiige to escajie them can be fflund, 
Whose watery leaguers al! the world stirtound ? 

' A reference, perhaps, to die ex^cditioa under Penn 
Bgainst Spabish AirtCTi^a in. DeCembLT r6;4. 

' Barnacles wcrt suppoactl (o grow on iJCfi, and lum 
at Idi into lolsn &wf. 



121 POEMS AND SATIRES OF 



Needs must we alt their tributaries be, 
Whose eavies hold the sluices ol rhe sea ! 
The ocean is the fotincaii) oF command, 
But that once took, we captives are on land ; 
And those that have the waters for their Ehurr,] 
Can quickly leave us neither earth nor air ; 
Yet if' through these our fears could find a pau 
Through double oak, and lined with treble bra 
That one man still, although but named, alarrni 
More than ull men, all navies, and all arms : 
Him all the day, him in late nights I dread, 
And still his sword seems hanging o'er my bead. 
The nacion had been oora, but his one eout 
Moves the great built, and animates the whole. 
He secrecy with number hath inchaHcd," 
Courage wifli age, maturity with haste; 
The valiant's terror, riddle of the wise, 
And still hiG falchion all our knots unties. 
Where did he learn those arts that coei ua Aeu, 
Where below earthy or where above the spbnt: 
He sqems a ting by long Buccession born. 
And yet the same to be a king does scorn. 
Abroad a king be seemB, and something raor 
At home a subject on the equil floor. 

could I once him with our title see. 
So should I hope that he might die as we! 
But Itt them write his praise that love him 
It grieves me sore to have thus raucb confessed 

Pardon, great Prince, if thus their fear or sp' 
More than our love and duty do thee right : 

1 yield, nor f^mher will the prize contend. 
So that we both alike may miss our enJ j 

' He hill cambincEt ptil nitmbirB of mta 
greai itcrtcy. ttc. 



ANDREW MARVELL 



'23 



hile thou thy venerable head dost raise 
Lb far above tlieir malice as my praise; 
nd, SB the aogel of our Commonweal, 
toubEing the waiera, yearly mak'st them heal. 



A POEM 

IPOK THE DEATH OF HIS LUTE HIGHNESS THE 

LORD FROTECTOK ' 

'HAT Providence which had bo long the 

care 
'Cromwell'e hcad^ and numbered every hair, 
jw in ItseJf ^the glaes where all ajfpears) 

seen the period of his golden years, 
ad henceforth only did atlend to trace 
That death might least ao fair a !ife deface. 
The people, which, what most they fear, 

esteem, 
cath when more horrid^ so mure Qoble deem, 
ad blame the last act, like spectators vain, 
fuless the Prince, whom tliey applaud, be slain ; 

jr fate indeed can well refuse the right 
!*o those that lived in war, to die in Bght, 
But long his valour tioDe had left that could 
Endanger him, or clemency, that would ; 
And he — wbom Nature all for peace had made 
But angry Heaven unto war had swayed. 
And ao less useful where he most desired, 
For what he least affected, was admired — 
IDeBcrvcd yet an end whose every part 
Should s)>ea)c the wondrous softness of his heart. 

' CTDRiwell iIH pn the yA Septemli^r i^sS. 



IS4 POEMS AND SATIRES OF 



To Love and Grief the fau! writ was sigQi 
{Tti&sc nobler weakne^scE of human kiod, 
Ffom which those Powers th%t issued 

decree, 

Although immortal, found they were not fr«) 
That they Iq whom hjs breast stiil open lies 
In gentle passions, ithould his death diE-guiBe, 
And leave succeeding a.ges^ cause to mouro, 
As long as Grief shall weep, or I_,o?e 

burn. 
Straight does a slow and langtuEshing disei 
Eliza,' Nature's and his dnrling, seize ; 
Her, when an infant, taken with her charms, 
He oft would flourish in his mighty arcns. 
And leac their force the tender burthen wion 
Slacken the vigour of bis muscles strong ; 
Thefl to the mother's breast her softly move. 
Which, while ehe drained of millc, she fil 

with love. 
But as with riper years her virtue grew. 
And every minute adds a lustre new ; 
When with meridian height het beauty si 
And thorough that sparkled her fairer m 
When she with smiles aerene, in words diser 
His hidden sou! at every turn could meet i 
Then might you ha' daily his affection spied, 
Doubting chat knot which debtiiiy had tied, 
While they by sense, not knowing,' compxchciJ 
How on each other bo'th their fates depend. 
With her each day the pleasing hours he shaiti, 
And it her aspect Calme his growing cares; 

' The LBdy Elbabcth Claypnlc, (he Prolctttt^ 
favourite dnugKtiir, ilie4 on the 6lh AugMiI i6j&, 
-" By Ecelin^ itD.il not by koowkileit. 



ANDREW MAR.VELL 



115 



with a grancistre's joy her children sees, 
iging about her neck, or at his knees : 
Sold fastf dear infants, hold them both, or 
noQC; 
is will not stay, when once the other's gone. 
Kilenl lire d&w waMcS those limbs ofwaij' 
him within his tortured image racks. 
the flower withering, which the garden 
crowned, 

The sad rpot pines in Becret under ground. 
Each groao he doubled, and each eigb the 

sighed, 
Rt:peat£d over to the restless night ; 
No trembling string, composed to numbers new, 
Answers the touch in notes more sad, more true. 
She, les: he grieve, hides what ehe can, her 

pains j 
And he, to lessen hers, his Borrow feigns ; ^ 
Ofet both perceived that both concealed their 
H skills. 

Hud sOj diminislning, bcreased their ills, 
That whether by each other's grief tliey fell, 
Or on their own redoubled, none can tell. 

And now Eliza's purple locks were shorn, 
Where she go long her fiither'e fate had woin ; ^ 

' Limtia of wa]i:^fjequiBitet)> iUOuLdEJ liiQb«. It wai. 
juppnacJ that wiithcs were ohle to briug about the death 
of a pennn by milcing a wsien image gf him. niiiJ tipos- 
ing il t'> the Are, whereupon, as die wax melted, the 
hutfliin bttflg wuced away. The idea is fincljr workeii 
out by RoBKtti in bi» " Siiter Helen." 

' Conceals. 

3 Niiiut, King of Megaru, had a lock of purple hair, on 
which hi* liftf depcfldcc), and which hie daiiiihter cut o(T, 
1 order to win the love of Mioos, her fnthci'i cacniy. 



POEMS AND SATIRES OF 



And frec]iueul: lightning, to her squl chat fliei 
Divides the air and opens all the sklCE. 
Apd now hJK life, suppendfd by her breath, 
Ran o«t impetuously to ha6t«Di!ig Death. 
Like pDlisbed mirrorE, so his steely breaei 
Had every figure ot her wt>ea expreased, 
And with the damp of her last gasps obsctiredi 
Had drawn such stains as weie not to be curd.] 
Fate could aat clthvr reach with single stroke, 
But, the dear image fled, the mirror broke. 
Who now shall tell us more of moucnftJ swan,] 
Ofhalcyotii kind, or bleeding pelicans:? 
No downy breast did e'er iso gently beat. 
Or fan with airy plumes &o soft an heal ; 
For he no duty by his height excused, 
Nor, though a prince, to be a man refused; 
But rather than in his Eliza's pain 
Not love, not grieve, would neither live 

reign j 
And iu himself eo oft immortal tried, 
Yet in compassioa of another died. 

So have I seea a vine, wbo&e lasting age. 
Of many a winter hath survived the rage, 
Under whoBe ahady tent, men every year, 
At its rich bfood's exjjense, their sorrow 

cheer ; 
If some dear bfanch where it extends Its life 
Chance to be pruned by an untimely knift, 
The parent tree unto the grief succeeds, 
And tbfough the wound its vital liumour bleedt; 
Trickling in watery drops, whose flowing shxpr 
Weeps that it falls ere fixed into a grape ; 
So the dry stock, no more that spreading vine, 
FruBtrateii the autuniQ, and die bopeu of wine. 



ANDREW MARVEJ^L 



127 



-cret cause doea sure Lhose siigos ordain^ 
Ppreboding princes' falls,, and seldom Tain ; 
Whether sonic kinder powers, that wish us well. 
What th«y above cannot pfevent, foretell ; 
Or the great world do by consent presage, 
A.B boilow seas with fmure tempests rage ; 
Or rather Heaven, which ua bo loDg foresees, 
Tiieir funeral celebrates, while it decreet, 
But never yet was any human fate 
By Nature bdemnized with so much state: 
He unconcerned the drcadfii! passage crossed. 
But oh ! what pangs that death did Nature 

COM t^ 
First the great thunder was shot ofF, and 

sent 
The signal frurti tie starry battlement : 
The winds receive it, and its force outdo, 
As practising how they could thunder too ; 
Out of the binder's hand the sheaves they tore. 
And thrashed the harvest in the airy lloor i 
Or of huge trees, whose growth with his did 

rise. 
The deep foLiadatioa£ opened to the skies ; 
Then lieavy ehywers the wingM terapesta lead, 
And pour the deluge o^'er the chaos' bead. 
The race of warlike horaes at his tomb 
Offer themseKefi in roany a hecatomb ; 
With pensive head towatds the ground they 

fall, 
And helpless laflguish at the Fainted stall. 
Numbers of men decrease with pains unknown, 
Ajid hasten, not to see hia death, their own- 

' A great icorm Tngtd in the night preceding the djuy of 
iwell'i ileatli. 



123 



POEMS AND SATIRES OF 



Sach toriureB ^11 the elementB uafixed. 
Troubled to part where so exactly mixed; 
And as through air his waetiog spirits flou 
The world with ihmes laboured beaeaib tbd 

load. 
Nature, it seemed, with him would nature «i^ 
He witb Eliza, it with him, would die. 

He without noise still travelled to bis end, 
Ab Bileoi suns to meet the night descend ; 
The stars nhac for him fougtit, had only pen 
Left to determine now, his fatal hour. 
Which since they might not hifldcr, yet thf 

caat 
To choose it worthy of his glories past. 
No pan of time but bare his mark away 
Of hauDur, — atl the year was CromweU's d4j| 
But this, of all the most auspicipue found. 
Twice ha.d b open field him victor crowned; 
When up the armid mounuiDS of Dunbar 
He marched, and through deep Severn, 

war :' 

What day should him eternize, but the same 
That had before immortalized his name ? 
Tbat BO whoe'er would at his death have joj 
In their own griefs might find themselres 

ployed \ 
Bnt those that sadly his departure griored, 
Yet joyed, reraembefitig what heonceachic" 
And the last minute his victofious ghost 
Gave chase to Ligny on the Belgic coast 
Here ended all his mortal tolls, be laid 
And slept in peace under the laurel ehade. 

' The ilay of Cromwtll'i deith wai the anniverHrji 1 
bit viawitt at Duobar mi WBiCBitei 



ANDREW MARVELL 



is^ 



'O Cromwell, Heaven's tavourite ! to none 
Hane such high honcmra from above been shown, 
For whom the elements- we mourners see, 
And Heaven itself would the great herald be ; 
Which with more care *et forth hia obsequies 
IThan thoBc of Moses, hid from humap. eyes ; 
A.B jealous only here, lest all be less 
["ban we could to his memory express. 

Then kl ue too our co'iirse of raouroing keep j 
Where Heaven leads, 'tis piety to weep. 
Stand back, ye Beas ; and shrunk beneath the 

veil 
Of your abysfl, with covered head bewail 
yput rtionairch ; we demand not your supplies 
To compasB-in ouf isle, — our tears §uJTiee, 
Since him away ihe dismal tempest rent. 
Who once more joined us to the continent ; 
Who planted England on the Flatideric Rhore,^ 
And stretched tmr frontire to the Indian ore; ^ 
Whose greater truths obscure the fables old, 
Whether of British saints or worthies toEd, 
,d in 3 valour lessenicig Arthur'& deeds, 

holinees the Confesgo: exceeds. 

E (ir&t put annsinCD Religion's hand, 
nd limorous couBcietice unto courage manned j 
'he soldier taught tha.t inward mail to wear, 
^fld fearing God, how they Bhould nothing 

fear ; 
Those strokes, he said, will pierce through ^11 

below, 
^here those that strike from Heaveti fetch their 

blow. 



the CaplTirt of Dunkirk. 
I 



'By taking Jamaica. 



130 



POEMS AND SATIRES OF 



AstoTiiBhcd armies Jid thetr fligb: prepare. 
And cities strong were stormud by his prayei ;J 
Of that for ever Presion'B ' field shall tell 
Thei5tory, and impregnable Cloninel,* 
And where the sandy mountain Fenv 

scaled, 
The sea betweeo, yet hence hia prayer 

railed. 
What man was cf er so in Heaven obeyed 
Since the commanded swn o'er Gibcon 8tavtd| 
In ail his wars needs must he tiiumph^ when 
He conquered God, Giill ere he fought v'i 

mea: 
Hence-, though in battle none ao brave 

(ierce. 
Yet him the adverse steel could never pierce ; . 
Pity, it seemed io hurt him more, that felt 
Each wound himself which he to oi 

dealt, — 
Dangc* itself refusing to ofend 
So loose an enemy, so faist 3 friend. 
Friendship, that sacred virtue, long doe? claw 
The iir^t fotiadation of hig house and name;*! 



' Cinniweirs victory over the Scottish arin]? 

Himikoa oa thit tyth August l&fE. 

'The laattcwn tikec, iy Cioinwell in the cunjafl 
against Ihc Irish. 

^ John Fcnwick, Gawrnor of Berwick. Marvctl ' 
refcrrlag m the Mile of Duobar. 

-> RJEhnrd WiUiamt, who taak tbe name uf Cron* 
Wai atlc to found the family to which the I'roW 
belongfd, through ihi poi-ilion. he Bcquired hy the 
efficfi of hi* leUtioa, ThonisB Crom«-e]]; or' 
CromweU't conneccicm with Canlinel WoUe/ 
iiilCoilcH. 



M 



ANDREW 



lrvell 



'3' 



within one its parraw limits £3.^, 
is tenderaesfi extended uato all ; 
id that deep soul through every chauael ilowE, 
''hsK kindly Nature Iotcs itself to lose. 
ore strong affections never reason served, 
A btill aiTected most what best deserved. 
he Eliza loved to that degree, — 
tiough who more worthy to be loved than 

she?— 
so indulgent to his own, how dear 
3 him the children of the Highest wefe ? 
>r her he once did Nature's tribute pay ; 
>r these his life adventured every day ; 
nd 'twould be found, could we his thoughts 

have cast,' 
[leir grief« struck deepest, if Eliza's laEt. 
bat prudence more chaa human did he need, 
3 keep so dear so dilTering minds agreed f 
tie worser sort, so conscious of thetf ill, 
ie weak and easy to the ruler's will; 
tt to the good (too many or too few) 
II law h UKeleftG, all reward in due. 
a ! iEI-adviBed, if not for love, for shame, 
lare yet your own, if you iseglect his fame \ 
fst others dare to thirik your zeal a mask, 
ti-d you to govern only Heaven's tssk..^ 
Valour, Religion, FriendsEiip, PrHctence died 
: ooce with him, and all that's good beeide ; 

Dtvinsil. 

' And that (in their opinion^ Heaven would do better to 
;le£l the csusc of religion artd merely imdcrlake the lask 
keeping the"SiLinlt" tbemtelveG ia orJer. Marvcll'b 
icnnty w(ii probably inCeniioaali ; In hit ofiicLiIpositioD 
dare not more than hint nf the age of reactitm h« wai 
I'luniag to fdT'eice. 



13^ 



POEMS 



tES OI 



And we, Dealh's rcruae, Nature's dr^gs, 

fined 

To ioathspme life, aUs ! are left behind. 
Where we (so once w* used) shall now 

more, 
To fetch day, presB about hin chaniber-doort 
From which he issued with tha.% awful sisie. 
It Ecemed Mars broke through Jaous' dau 

gate; 
Yet a!way8 tempered with an air eo mild, 
No April suna that e'er bo gently smiled 5 
No more shall hear that powerful Ungu 

charm, 

Whose force oft spared the labour of hia afnu;J 
No more shall follow where he a^nt the dajll 
In war, en couDael, of in prayer aod praise. 
Whose meanest acts he wodd himself 

vspce. 
Ah HDgirt David to the ark did dance. 
All, all is gOM of oura or his delight 
In horses iierce, wild deer, or armour bright: I 
Francisca ' fair can DOthing now but weepi 
Nor with soft notes shall sing hie cares aslec]i.l 

1 saw him dead ; a leaden slumber lies, 
And mortal akeji, over those wakeful eye^t 
Those gentle ra.y8 under the lids were fled, 
Whkh through his iooka that picrciog si 

shed ; 

That port^ which bo majestic waa and strong 
Loose, and deprived of vigour, stretched ak 
All withered, ail discoloured, pale and wan, 
How much ariother thing, no more that nun ' 



Frantes Cromwell, hi* "fiu^htGr. 



ANDREW MARVELL 133 

', human glory vain ! O, Death ! O, wingB ! 
', woitblesB world ! O, transitory things ! 
et dwelt that greatness in hie shape decayed, 
'hat sciil though dead, greater than Denth he 

laid, 
,od in hie dtered face you somethiDg feign 
'hat threat'cns Death, he yet will live again, 
'ot murh unlike the sacred oak, which shoots 
'o Hearen its branches, and through earth its 

root3; 
i''hoEe spacious boughs are hung with trophies 

round, 
.nd houour^sd wreaths have oft the victor 

crgwned ? 
Ihen angry Jove darts lightning throtigh the 

air 
t mortal sins, nor hia own plant will sparer, 
; groans and bruises all below, that stood 
many years cbe shelter of the wood ; ' 
'he tree, erewhile foieshortened to our view, 
/lien falJ'n shows tatEer yet than as it grew ; 
a ahall his praise to after times increase, 
?hen tnith ehall be allowed, and faction cease, 
Jid his own ehadows with him fall ; the eye 
letracts from objects than itself more high, 
ut when Death takes them from that envied 

state, 
eeing how little, we coofess how great. 
Th«e, many ages hence, in martial vej-se 
b^ the E Dgl ish. soldier, ere he charge, 
Hrebearse 1 

* Agrippn d'Aubigne,haB thciiime ih-ougHc muth bftcei 

Ied. Stt Lei Trag't^ueti Livre IJ, (^Prineii), laic 
; 



"H 



POEMS AND SATIRES OF 



Singing of thee, inflame himself to light. 
And, with the name of Cromwell, armies frighl. 
As long an rtverG to the seaR shatE run, 
Ab long as Cynthia sha.l!l rcliere the sun, 
While stags shall fly unto the foreets thick, 
WJiiJe sheep delight the grassy downs lo pick, 
A« long as future time succeeds the past, 
Alwaye thy honoar, praiEc and name* ehatl lifl! 
Thou in a pitch how far beyond the 6ph«re 
Of human glory cower'st, and reigoiog therf, 
Despoiled of morta! robeSj in seas of blJsa 
Plunging, dost bathe, and tread the hriglft 

abyaa ; 
There thy great soul yet once a world doth set, 
Spaeioas enough ind pure enough for thee. 
How sooD thou Mosca hast, and Joshua foumi, 
And David, for the sword and harp renownoi 
How str^ght canst to each happy manBion 
Far becter known above than here below ; 
And Id those joys do&t spend the endless da; 
Which in expreesing, we ourselves betray. 
For we, aioce thou art gone, with hi 

doom^ 
Wander like ghosts about thy lov^d tomb, 
And loat in tears, have neither aighl nor mi 
To guide ufl upward through this region blind i 
Since thou art gone, who be»t that way couldt 

leach^ 
Only ouf sighs, perhaps, fnay thither reach. 

And Richard ' yel, where hia great parent led. 
Beats on the nigged track : be, virtue dead 

' Amid the npplaiiBff nr the people Richarri CtomwJ' 
WM proGlaiinGiJ Protecttir b f«w houri afbtr hit UAn'* 
deftth. 



f 



ANDREW MARVELL 1^5 

IviTcs, 3cid by- hie milder beams aGsurcR ; 
\nd yef how much of them his grief obsctires ! 
He, an his father, long was kept from sight 
[q pmate, to be viewed by better light ; 
But opened once, what splendour does he throw ! 
A. Oromwell in an hour a prince will grow ! 
How he becomes that seat^ ho* strongly Btrains^ 
How gently winds, at once the mliflg ferns ! 
Hcascn to this choice prepared a diadeiU, 
Richer than any EaKtern sillc or gem ; 
h. pearly rainbow, where the sun iachased 
Kis brows, like an imperial jewel graced. 

We find already what ihoae omeoB mean, 
Eartb oe'er more glad, not Heaven tnoie serese. 
Cease now our griefs, calm peace succeeds a war 
Rainbows to Btorms, Richard to Oliver. 
Tempt not hie clemency to cry his power, 
He threats no deluge, yet foretells a shower. 



THE VICTORY OBTAINED BY 

BLAKE 

THE SPANIARDS IN THE BAV OF 

SANTA CRUZ, in the island of 
TENERIFFE, 1657.' 

OWdoeE Spain's fleet her spaciouB wiogs 
unfold. 
Leaves the new world, and hastens for the old ; 

'At daj-break Ofl the Itsth April 1657, Admiral Bbke 
attickcij the Silver Fleet in the Bi.y of Siuiti Cru£ ; Hnil 
althougit tile Spauish ships were awiited by the giic» of 
the castle anil »v«n other forti defendme the harbour, 
the/ wcTe oil lunk bjr the evening and the (oivn ws« 
rc^cii, without n single Engliih veiael being Io)t. 



E 



ijS POEMS AND SATIRES OF 

But, though the wind was fair they elowlyii 
Freighted with acted guile' and guilt to conieij 
For this rich load, of which so proud they; 
Wan raii&ed by tyranny, and raised for war. 
Every capacious galleon's womb was filled 
With what the womb of wealthy kiDgdoa 

yield } 
The new world's wounded enCraiU they 

tore, 
For weaUb wherewith to wound the old 

Wealth which all others' avarice might cl&y. 
But yet in them caused a^ much fear a» Joy. 
For cow upon the main themselves they saw 
That boundless empire where you give the Isvl 
Of wind's and water's rage they fearful be. 
But much more fearful are, your flags to see. 
Day, that to those who sail ujpoa the deep 
More wished for and more welcome is 

sleep, 
They dreaded Co behold, lest the sud'a light 
With English streamers sboiJd salute 

eight } 
In thickest darkness they would choose to 
So that such darkncia might suppress their fra 
At length it vaoishcB, aiid fortune antilcG,. 
For they behold the sweet Canary Isles, 
One of which dowbcleaa is by Nature blessed 
Above both worlds, since 'tis above the rest." 
For leeL some git>oininesa might stain her bky, 
Treee there the duty of the cloud« eujipJy : 

' Guilt J ami gili = money. 

' The volcMiio of Tcuctilte rjaes iz,tQO feet tbovr I 
■ea. 



ANDREW MARVELL 



137 



O Qoble truBt which Heaven on this islir pours, 
Fertile to be, yet never need her ehowers ! ' 
A happy people which at once do gain 
The tonefita, withtujl: the Ills, of rain ! 
Both health. a.nd profit Fate canno't deny, 
Where Htlll the eai'th ia nioiet, die air still dry ; 
The jarring elemenis no discord know. 
Fuel and ram together kindly grow; 
And coolnesg there with heat does never iight, 
j This Only rules by day, and ttaC by night. 
Your worth to all these isles a just right brings, 
The beet of laod'S should have the best of 

kings, 
And these want nothing Heaven can afford, 
Unless it be, tiie having you theii lord ; 
But this great want will not a long one prove ; 
Your conquering swo^rd will soon that want re- 
move ; 
For Spain had bcuer, she'll ere long confesB, 
Have broken all her swords than this one 

peace } 
Casting that league oJF which she held so long, 
She cast off that which only made her strotsg. 
Forces and art, she soon will fee!, are vain, 
Peace, against you, was the sole etrength of 

Spain i 
By that alone those islands she secures. 
Peace made them hers, but war will make them 

youfs. 
There the indulgent soil chat rich grape breeds, 
Which of the gods the fancied drtnk exceeds. 

' The rain fatU ftflm Nnvcmt^r 10 April, and a« ihert 
, ire no rWeri the groitud it wax^re4 hy irrij^'fltion A'om the 
■prinB»- 



h 



>38 



POEMS AND SATIRES OF 



They Btili do yield, such ie their prectonB nwuk 
AH that ia goocE, and are not ctireed with goldi 
With fatal gold, for stiiJ where that does gro 
Neither the soil nor people, quiet tnow ■, 
Which troables men to raise it when 'tis ore, 
And when 'tis raided does trouble them mud 



Ah, why was thitbef broiigbt that cause of ' 
Kind Nature had from thence removed bo farlf 
In vain doth she those idandS' free from ill, 
If Fortune can make guilty what she will. 
But wbilst I draw that scene, where you 

long 
Shalt conquests act, you j^resent are unsung^ 

For Santa Cruz the glad Seet takes ber way: 
And safely there casta anchor in the Bay. 
Never bo many with one joyful cry 
That place saluted, where they all must die. 
Deluded men ! Fate with you did but sport, 
You 'scaped the sea, to perish in your port. 
'Twas more for Efiglafld's fame you should ■ 

there, 
Where you had most of strength and least I 

fear. 
The Peak's proud height the Spaniard! 

admire, 

Yet in their breasts carry a pride much hjgberr 
Only to this vaijt hill a. power is given, 
At once both to inhabit earth and heaven. 
But this stupendous prospect did not near 
Make them admire, bo much as they did frar. 
For here they met with news, which didprs* 
duce 
A grief above the cure of grapes' best juice. 



ANDREW MARVELL 



«39 



fiiey learned with terror, that nor summer's 

heat, 

[or winter's Btorma, had made your fleet re- 
treat. 

!'□ (igbt againet sucti foes was vain, they knew, 
7.bich did the rage of demenCs subdue, 
'^ho on the ocean, that docs horror give 
To ail beside, triumphantly do live. 
With haste they therefore all their galEeons 

moor 
od flank with cannon from the neighbouring 
«hore ; 

''ortK, lines, and BconceB,' all the Bay along, 
i'hey build, and act all that cap make tbeni 
strong, 
Fond mcD 1 who know not whilst Bucb works 
they raise, 
7hey only labour to exaJt your praise. 
Tet they by reBtlesa toil became ac length 
!o proud aad confident of their made Btrength 
That they with joy their boaating genera.! heard 
Wiah then for that asEault he latefy feared. 
Hie wtfih he has, for now undaunted Bkke, 
Hth winged speed, for Sinta Cruz does make. 
'or your renown the conquering fleet does 
ride 

PP'er K3S ciB vast as is the Spania.rd'tL pride. 
Whose fleet and trenches viewed, he soon did 
say, 
'We to their strength aie more obliged than 

they ; 
^ere'c not for that, they from their fate would 
run, 

' A tmallfort. 



1+0 POEMS AND SATIRES OF 

And 3 third world stek out, our arms to shna 
Thoae form wliich there bo high and iitroij 

appfar, 
Do not BO much guppreaa, aa qhow their fear. 
Of speedy victory let no man doubt. 
Our worst work's past now we have found tbtn 

out. 
Behold their oavy does at anchor lie, 
And they are ours for now they cannot fly." 

This said, the whole fiect gave it their if* 
plauBe, 
And all assumes your courage, in your cause. 
That Bay they enter, which untg them owes 
The noblest wreaths that victory bestows ; 
Bold Stayner leads :; this Beet's deEigned by faB 
To gt^e him laurel, as the last did plate.' 

The thundering cannon now begins the fighit 
And though it be at noon, creates a oigfat ; 
The air was soon, after the fight begun, 
Far more e-oflamed by it than by the sua. 
Never so burning was that climate known i 
War turned the temperate to the torrid zone. 

Fate these two fleets, between both wor 
had bronghtj 
Who light as if for both those worlds they foughl 
Thou^andE of ways thousandls of men there die| 
Some ahips are »uok, some bEown up in the sk 
Nature ne'er made cedars so bigh aspire 
Aa oaks did then, urged by the active fire 
Which by quick powder's force so high was set 
That it returned to its own element. 

' Sir Richard Stiyaer had, Ln 1656, captured 
Cadiz tome SpiDi^h ships ^tAUiain;; two mlllioni 
avteun. 



ANDREW MARVELL 



141 



limbs Gome leagues into the island fly, 
91 Others lower, in the Eea, do lie ; 
Scarce qouIh from bodies severed are so tar 
By death, aa Indies there were by the war. 
The all-seeing aun ne'er gazed an such a sight j 
Two dreadful naviee there at anchor fight, 
And neither have or power or will to fly, 
There one must conqueij or there both must die. 
Far difTereot motives yet engaged them thus. 
Necessity did them, but thoi'ce did us, 
A choice which did th€ highest worth express. 
And W3« attended by 3s high succes.? ; 
For your resistless genius there did reign, 
By which we bureJs reaped ev'n od the main. 
So progperQus stars, though abEent to the Eenec, 
BleRG those they shine for, by their influence. 

Our cannon now tears every ship and ecunce,' 
And o'er two elements triumphs ait once. 
Their galleons aunk, their wealth the eea does fill, 
The only place where it can cause no ill. 

Ah, would those treasures which both Indies 

have 
"ere buried in as large and deep a grave ! 
'ar'ii chief sujiport with them would buried bcj 
id the Und owe her jK.ice unto the sea. 
\es to come your conqueriDg arms will bless, 
■here tfaey destroy what had destroyed their 
peace; 

And ia one war the present age may boast 
The certain seeds of many wars are IdbC, 
All the foe's ships destroyed by sea or i^re. 
[ictoriouB Blake does from the Bay retire. 



A imall fort. 



1+2 ANDREW MARVELL 

His BiPgG of Spain he then again purfiuei;*' 
And there firsc brings of his Bucceas the neurs: 
The Eaddest news that e'er to Spain was brou^fet, 
Their rich fleet Kimk, and ours with kurt! 

fraught i 
Whilst Fame in every place her Irumpet bkwi, 
And telb the world tow much to you it ovitt. 

' After Lhc victory Bbkc TEturncd to the blockade 11 
Cspw Sanla Maria, and died qn the 7th of Atigllst 1657, b 
I'lj'niouth Sound on hw way home. A public tEi»Di> 
giving had been held in June, when MarveLl's veriei ttcn 
Co have been MTLtten. 



SATIRES 



LECKNOE, AN ENGLISH PRIEST 
AT ROME ' 

""VBLTGED by frequent visiti (ifthis ttiio, 

—^ Whom as priest, poet, and nlusician, 
for some branch of Melchisedek took. 
Though he deriscB himself from my Lord 

sought bJB lodging, which is at the sign 
If the aad Pelican, — subject divine 
'or poetry : there, three stair-caseB high, 
?hich sigaifies his triple property, 
found at last a chamber, as 'cwaB said!, 
>ut 8eem«l a coffin ee: on the BCair'B head ; 
lot higher than seven, nor [arger than three 

feet} 

iJy there was nor ceiling, nor a sheet, 
jve that the ingenious door did, as you Come, 
'urn in, and show to wainscot half the room : 

* Richard Flccknoc, a Roman Catholic piicil of Irlili 
rentlgt, «eni8 tp hav* been al Rome in 1641;. A few 
.pfiy paiisgG) in his work* huvc atcractcEl Lamb Ami 
bcr ciitici of iliitinction, but Drjiien, whom FIcckaoc 
Riled very highly, bai cnndcmned bim for ever, »« one 
JO— 

** In pro«c an-i vertt wa» owned without ^liipiitc 
TbroQgh ill tlie realmi 0/ noD sense, ataoVulc." 
'+3 



14-2 ANDREW MARVELL 

His siege of Spaifl Ke then again puTBucs,' 
And there first brings of his Buccess the newe: 
The saddest news that e'er to Spain was brgug 
Their rich fleet sunk, and o-ura with lau 

fraught ; 

Whilst Fame ig every place her trumpet bIowi|1 
And tells the world how mvcb to you it owes. 

' After tlie vEctflry BUk? returaed to the blockadt it 
Cape Ssnid Mafia, sni die-d on the 7th of Augutt 1657, ic 
PlymouCh Sounil on hii way home. A public tl^anlu- 
giving ba'4 beeu helij in June, whf n MarveH's venu itta 
tu hivc litcd written. 



SATIRES 



ECKNOE, AN ENGLISH PRIEST 
AT ROME' 

"ABLIGED by frequem vifiits ofchie man, 
-—' Whom as prieat, poet, and musician, 
for some branch of MeJchisedek took, 
TbougEi iie dertvefi himself from my Lord 

Brooke), 
Bought hi« lodging, which is at the sign 
If the sad Pelican,— eubject divine 
'or poetry : there, three Etair-cases high, 
Phich aigniiies his triple property, 
found at laet a cbnmber, as 'twas ea.i:d, 
lUt seemed a coffin eet on the stair'u head ; 
lot higher cba.D seven, nor larger thao three 

feetf 
Inly there was nor ceilings nor a. aheett 
ave that the ingcniQus doOr did, as you come, 
'urn ini and show to wainscot half the room : 

' Richard Flccknoe, a Roman Calliolic pnMt of Inih 
irentagCt ^Ems ■» hive been at Rome In l&f^. A F«w 
ipp^ passages jn hie works h&vc ictraded Lamb Aod 
hcrcTiti'Cs of distinitiiiin) but Oir|ikii, wham FkcknaC 
niied very hJglhl)', bai condemned bim for ever, ai one 
ho— 
" In proie and vene was owned without Alb(ult 
Thtough All the ttilliis of nonsense, a'bsolule" 
'4J 



f++ 



POEMS AND SATIRES OP 



YeE of tis state no man could have complumed, 
There being no bed where he entertained; 
And though within ooe cell so narrow pcpt. 
He'd stanzas for a whole apartement.' 

Straight without farther information. 
In hideous verse, he, in n dismal tone. 
Begins to exorci&e, a* if I were 
PoBBCE^ed, — And sure the devil brought meth^ie 
But Ij who now imagined niyself brought 
To my last trial, to a serioua tliought 
Calmed the disorders of my youthful bre^Gt, 
And to my martyrdom preparM rest. 
Only this frail ambition did remsjo, 
The iast distertipec of the sober brain,^ 
That there had been some present to assure 
The future ages how I did endure ; 
And how I, silent, turned my burning ear 
Towards the verse, and when that could Dot hett. 
Held him the other, and unchanged yei. 
Asked stilL for more and prayed him to repeaii 
Till the tyrant, weary to persecute. 
Left otf, and tried to allure me with his lute. 

Now SB two uiHtrumeoiB to the same key 
Being tuned by art, if the one touched be, 
The other opposite as soon replies, 
Moved by the air and hidden sympathies ; 
So while be with his gouty fingers crawls 
0*er the lute, hiB inurinuring belly Calls, 
Whose hungry giit»t to the saitie atra 

twined, 
Iq echo to the trembling stringe repined. 



'Set otioomi. 



f 



ANDREW MARVELL 



H5 



lat perceived hote what hia music meaiit> 
i civilly, if he had eat this Lent ? 
lowered, yes; with sucht and such an one; 
e has this of generouij tha.t alone 
Jvei feeds, save only when he tries 
icrfstly tongue to dart the passing I]iea.. 
|d if he eat ilesh, and -he, that was 
pgry. that chough ready to say mass, 
^ break bis fast before, said he was ttick* 
Qie ordinance was only politic, 
ras I longer to invite hinif B-cant 
y at once to make him Protestant 
lilent. Nothing now tke dinner stayed, 
jU he had himself a body made, 
D till lie were dressed ; for else ao thin 
Inds, ks if he only fed had been 
iconeecraCed waicra,. a.nd the Most 
llure more flesh andblocxl than he can boast ; 
jtasBO -relievo of a mati — ' 
,aa a camel Call, yet easily can 
keedle's eye thread without any stitch 
only imposaibJe is tg be rich, J — 
bis too subtle body, growing rare, 
d leave his soul to wander in the air, 
[crefore cirGumecribee himself in rhymes, 
twaddled in'a owts papers seven times, 
^ a doge jacket of poetic buff, 
which he dmh his third dimenaioD Btuff.- 
drmM underneath, he over all 
ake a primitive sottana^ fall, 

fl ligure in, b&i-rElief, ihawinE the ouilinet bat 
'depth of the body. 
, acquire depth. 



145 POEMS AND SATIRES OF 

And above that yet caslB an antique cloak, 
Worn at the first couQcil of Antipch* 
Whigh by the Jews long hid, and di&cECeenied, 
He heard of by tradition, and redeemed. 
But were be not in this black habh decked, 
This half-transparent man would aooD retiect 
Each colour tbat he pae&ed by, and be seen 
As the chameleon, yellow, blue or green. 

He diessed, and ready to dislurnish now 
Hie chamber, whose compactness did allow 
No empty place for complimenticig doubt, 
But who came last is forced first to go out j 
I met one on the Stairfl who made me stand, 
Stopping the passage, and did bim demsod ; 
I answered, ■" He is here, Sir, but you see 
You cannot pssa tq him but thorough me." 
He thought himself affronted, and replied, 
'* I, whom the palace never h^e denied, 
Will make the way here ; " I said, "Sir, you'll d» 
Me a great favour, for I seek to go," 
He, gathering fury, eliII ma^ke eign to draw, 
But himself ^ere closed in a scabbard saw 
Ab narrow as hia sword' a j and 1 that wae 
Delighied, said, " There can no body pass 
Except by penetration hither, where 
Two make a crowd, nor can three person* heiCj 
Consii&t but in one substance." Then, to fit 
Our peace, the priest said I too had some witj 
To prove't, I said, *' The place doth us invin 
By its own narrowness, Sir, to untte." 
He asked me pardon ; aod to make me way 
Went down, as I him lollowed to obey. 
Bus the propiuatotY ftiea^ bad straight 
Obiiged us, when be\ow, xo cA^otw* 



AND! 



MARVELL 



147 



together our atonement ; ' so iiicrcased 
Jeiwixi MB two, the dinner to a feast. 

Let it suffice that we coidd eat in peace, 
Lnd that both poems did, atjd quarrels, cease 
^uriDg the table, though my new-made friend 
)id, as he threatened, eie 'twere long intend 
*□ be both witty and valiant ; I loath, 
laid 'twas too late, he was already both. 

But, now, alas ! my Eiret tormentor came, 
''ho, aatiHfied with eating, but not tame, 
,'urns to recite : though judgee most severe, 
Lfter the aaaiies" dinner, mild appear, 
Lnd on full stomach do eofldettin Wt few, 
Tet be more strict my sentence doth renew, 
Lnd draws out of the black box of his breast 
["cQ quire of pap«r, in which he was dressed. 
Tet that which was a greater cruelty 
Than Nero's poem, he calls charity ; 
Lod SO the Pelicaa, at hi« door bnpg, 
*icks out the tender bosom to its young. 

Of all his poema there he stands ungirt, 
iave only two foul copies for his shirt; 
Tet these he p'romises as sdod as clean: 
lut how I loathed to see my neighbour glean 
!'hofie papersj which he peeltd from within 
,ike white dakea rising from a leper's ekin ! 
lore odious than those rags which the French 

youth 

Lt ordiraries after dinner show th, 
^hen they compare their thancresandpoukios! 
Tet he first kissed them, and after takes paiaa 
7o read, and then, because he understood 



Rffoaviiifttioa m agreemcni. 



14-8 



POEMS AND SATIRES OF 



Not one word, thought and swore that they wefl 

good, 
Eul all hk probes could not now appease 
The provoked author, whom it did diEpte3,f>e 
To hear his versea, hy so just a curse. 
That were iU made, coademped to be read wotwj 
Audi how (ini|>osGible !) he made yet more 
AbsurditieE in them than were before ; 
For he his untuned voice did fall or raise 
Ab a deaf man upos a viol playS;, 
Making the half-poiflts and the periods run 
Confuseder than the .itomE in the sun. 
Thereat the poet swelled with anger full. 
And roared out like Perillua in'a own bull : 
" Sir, you read faJse." " That, any one, but yd 
Should know the contrary." Whereat, I an 
Made mediator in my roOm, said, " Why ! 
To say that you read false, Sir, is no lie," 
Thereat the waxen youth releated straight, 
But saw with aad despair that 'twas too latei 
For the disdainful poet was reared 
HomsrhiE moEt furious satire to have tired 
Against the rebel; who* at thiu struck dead» 
Wept bitterly as disinlierited. 
Who should commend his miHtress now ? Or mi 
Praifie him i* Both difficult indeed to do 
With truth. I counselled him to go in time, 
Ere the fierce p^^et'^ anger turned to rhyme. 

He hasted ; and I, finding myself I'rec, 
As one *scaped strangely from captivity. 
Have made the chance be painted ; and go no 
To hang it in Saint Peter's Ifor a vow- * 

'/^^ ii It done in Erai;i'W4& «i\e^ to twaij* inat i 
nea aqd gthcr iniftlortunu, 



ANDREW MARVELL 



H9 



TOM MAY'S DEATH 

fi one put drunk into the packcc-boat, 
- Tom M^y ^ was burried tbeace^ and did 
not knaw't t 

was amazed on the Elyaian side, 
d, wiih aa eye uncertain gazing wide, 
jld not determine in what place he wsa, 
Dr whence, in Steven's alley, trees at gfass?) 
r where the Pope's Head, dot the Mitre lay, 
as by ivhich mil he found and iost his wny, 
last, while dgubtfully he all compares, 

saw near hand, as he imagined. Area. ^ 
^ did he seem for corpuleDce and port, 
rtwaB a man much of another sort ; 
WBB Ben, that in the dusky laurel ehadc, 
longst the choruB of old poets, laid, 

A -favourite pnet of Charlei L, who upouie^l the 
lianiEntary cau»c out of a love far a repiiblitan 
•rameni, excited, »a in Milton's cnic, by hii diMical 
ling. BcU Joupon wrote gam? commend it; oiy vefiei 
uccii to hia tiinsliitjon of Lttcail'l PAarialra. Hil 
linuation of that woric madc^ him known on tbe con- 
nl a) a Lathi at'hoUt, anil thrpugli thifl reputntion 
oblsioed the position of geer«t3Ty to Farlbment. 
itham and nlhcra have ipokcii well of hir> Parlia- 
I1»ry h3«Wt)r, and if, aa Mr FLeay thinks, May La the 
tot nf NfTo, he if* fn*n ofgeniui. Marv*ll, at the 
i of Mey's <iriitb (ifi^o?. vtn on rrun<<ly termt with 
rclncf anil oiKpf Lo^iiliiti, anr] adopts the Ldyaiiata' 
^rt that May joined ihr PaiHanientarian* out of pique 
ot tvEifi^ nppoinlcil Poet Leurcate, iciteail of DiNcmnt^ 
Uen J'ljtiioii't tie»:h. 

■*my AyrcB, tbe pilot irientioned by PeyJ*- 



I 50 POEMS AND SATIRES O? 

Saunding of ancient heroes, such as were 
The Eubject's safety, and the rebel's fear; 
Aftd how a double-headed vulture eat* 
Brutus and Cassius, the people's cheats j 
But, seeing May^ he varied Atr^igfat hia song, 
Gently to signify that he was wrong. 
Cups more than citiI of Emathian wine,' 
I sing (said he) and the Fharsalian sign. 
Where tlie histgrjao of the Commonwealth 
In htii own bowek ^heathtd the conquering heald 
By this May to himGeEt'and ihem wae come; 
He found he was tranalatedj and by whom ; 
Yet then with foot as stumbling as his tongue^ 
Preseed for hie place among the learnM throej 
But Ben, who knew mot neither foe nor fiien 
Sworn enemy to all that do pretend. 
Rose more than ever he was seen severe, 
Shook his gray locks, and his oXtrn bsya d<d 
At this intrusion ; then, with laurel wand, 
The awful sign of hia supreme command, 
At whose dread whisk Virgil himself does qUJ 
And Horace patiently its etrokedolh take, 
As he crowds in, he whipped him o'er the pati 
Like Pembroke at the masque," and then 
rate : 
"Far from these blessed shades tread 
again, 
Most servile wit, and mercenary pen. 



' A reference to the beginning 0/ Maj^'s verijon oft 
Piarsafia, 

' PEmbroke having fccDten May at aae of the Inni^ 
Court iniiBijuci,, while unaware of hi& iilcntitVi wii 
pT-ebeniieJ fcy King Ch^irles I, The EarJ iheo apolaf>< 
tci M^y, and ^ave him £$0. 



ANDREW MARVELL 



151 



*olydore, Lucao, Ako, Vandal, Goth, 

iJigTiant poet and historian both. 
»o seek the novice staWsraee and obtrude 
)n them some Roman cast aimiJitude; 
['ell them of liberty, the atories fioc, 
Tntil you al! grow consuls in your wine, 
)r thou, dicutor of the glass, bestow 
)n him the Cato, this the Cicero, 
rransferring old Koiiie hither in your taJk, 
it Bethlem's house did to Loretto wafk. 
^oiil architect ! that hadst not eye to ace 
Tow ill the measureB of these states agree, 
Lnd who by Rome's example England lay, 
'hose but to Lucan do cotittnue MiLy ; 
lut thee, nof tgnofanCe, nor seeming good 
[isled, but malice fixed and understood.^ 

Ecaiise some one than thee more worthy wears 
^'he sacred laurel, hence are all these tearE. 
Iii8t therefore all the worid be set on flsme 
because a Gazetie-wrtter missed hh aim ? 

nd for a taulLard- bearing muse m.ust we, 
is for the basket, Guelpbg and Ghibelines be i" 
Then the sword glitters o'er the judge's head, 

id fear has coward chuFchmeo ^ilencM, 
"hen ia the poet's time, 'tis then he draws, 
Lnd single fights, foreaken virtue's cause. 
It, when the whcc! of empire whirleth back, 

nd though the world's disjointed axle crack, 
Jitnga still of ancient rights and better times, 

eks wretched good, arraigns successful crimes ; 

' 'Aubrey, in hij Brief httiiSf distinctly dcaics this very 
(tcment. He luiBwMay and Marvel! both, but he doei 
Bt explain wby the past wa» to bitter against a dead 
Ban. Od« may Buepca laiae pcrional motive. 



rja 



POB?MS AND SATIRES OF 



But ihou, base man, first prostituted hast 
Our spotless knowledge and the atudicB chaste 
Apostatising from our arts and us, 
To turn tlie chronicler to Spartacus ; ' 
Yec WBSt thou taken hence with equal falCj 
Before thou coaldsc great Charles his death relaii 
But what *ill deeper ivound thy little minct. 
Has left surviving Daveoant gtill behind, 
Who laughs to »ce, in this thy death, renewfi! 
Right Roman poverty and gratitude. 
Poor pDct thou, and grateful Eenate theyt 
Who thy la.Et reckoning did so largely pay, 
And with the public gravity would ctime^ 
When thou had^t drunk thy last, to lead rhi 

home. 

If that can be thy home where Si>enaer Ilea, 
And reverend Chaucer ; but their dust does- 1 
Against thee, and expels thee from their side/ 
As the eagle's plumea from other birds divide: 
Nor here thy shade mus.t d*e!l ; return, rein 
Where sulphury Phtegethon does eter bum! 
There Cerberus with all his jaws shfill gnash, 
McgKra thee with ail her serpents lasb ; 
Thou, riyeted unto Ixion's wltieel, 
Shalt break, and the perpetual vulture feel! 
'Tie just what torments poets e'er did feigD^ 
Thou lirst tiistorically shouldsc BUBtain." 

' Spartacui, a generic anmi; for a hireH lighlei ; 
Enil of Eiirx is prohabl]! mlcnitEd, 

-~ May wai buncd in Weetmin^cer Abbey b 
of iht Court ell of. State, bill hifl bnJjr was roughly i 
nt ihc RcstDrstion. If MirvcU w:as writing w| 
wai done, Tiffa.rly eltiven y^ars aFler Mgy'g dcll)), 
tiX'ne throw; perhaps mnre riUcreciit on him than on I 
vktifii, 



ANDREW MARVELL 



•53 



hti8, by irrevocable sentence cast, 
J only maHter of these levela passed i 
i atraight he vanighed in a cloud of pitch, 
as unto the Sabbath bears the witch. 



CHARACTER OF HOLLAND 

[ OLL AND,' that scsru defti^rves the name 
L of kad, 

but tbe ptf-scouring of the British sand, 
1 Bp much earth as was comributed 
English piloie^ when they he^Lved the lead, 
what by the ocean's slow alluTioD^ fell 
shipwracked cockle and the muesel-Bhei!, — ■ 
Ig indigeeted vomit of the Bca 
1 to the Dutch by just, prapriety.3 
51ad then, aa miners that have found the ore, 
ey, with mad labour, fiehed the land to Bhore,'* 
d dived as deaperatply for each piece 
earth, as if't had been of ambcrgriB, 
Iccting anxiously small loads of clay, 
than what building HwallowB bear away, 
bap those pills which sordid beedes roll, 
isivsing into them thdi dunghill soul, 
Dw did they rivet with gigantic piles, 
Dugh the centre their new-catch^d miles! 

LLi latire, odf of MarvLlt's quaiateit, wai frobablf 
D before the defcai nf the Dutch on the gril of Jane 

liw, tbe Und idiied to a than by ihe action of 

icanie nf llieir chnirairtPi for drunlwnncsi. 

innytun lai'l he mirie Csrlj'le laugh fnr 'hiiir an 

iver ihi* lint. 



T5+ 



POEMS AND SATIRES OF 



And to the Btalce s. Btniggling country bound. 
Where barking waves fitilll bait the fore 

groupd. 
Building their watery Babel far more high 
To reach tVn; sea, than those to scale the *k; 
Yet still his claim the injured octaa laid, 
Aod oft at leap-frog o'er their sleeples played,] 
Aa if on purpose it on land had come 
To show chem what's their "tare iiberum.' 
A daily deluge over chem does boil j 
The earth and water play at Eevel coil." 
The iish ofttimefi the hurgher dispoBBeaeed, 
And sat, not as a meat, but as. a guest, 
Aod oft the Tritons acid the Eea-nymphs saw 
Whole shoal of Dutch served up for cabillau;! 
Or, 3B they over the new level ranged 
For pickled herring, pickled heeren changed. 
Nature, it seemed, ashamed of her raistalte, 
Would throw their land away at dwck aod dra 
Therefore necessity, that first made kings, 
Something like goveroment among ihem briitgf 
For, aa with pygmies, who beet kills the cirar 
Among the hungry he that treasures grain, 
Among the blind the one-eyed blinkard reigm 
So rules among the drowned he that drains; 
Not who fiirst sees the rising sun, commaoda. 
But who could iirst diacern the riaing lands j 
Who best could know to pump an eartli so 
Him they their lord, and Country's Falhcr,8pe«kt' 

'The Dutch held thai the InglUh Chnan?) wu t 
■" ffct sea " ; we maintained it to b= Engliah wateri. 

'A g.imc in which chiidren tcierf Id auppUnl nM 
aaother ; BPIliilbing like " kin^ of the ciallc." 

i CfltiAih. 



ANDREW MARVELL 



155 



^"0 make a bank, vfzs a gie^C plot of state ; 
[nvenC a shovel, and be magistrate. 
lence Home small dyfce-gtave/ unpecceived, 

invades 
7he power, and growB, as 'twere, a king of 

Bpades ; 

Jut, for lees envy, some joint atatee euduieB, 
^bo look like a commission of the sewers: 
'or cheae Half-andera,' half wet, and half dry, 
Jor bear stiict aervice, nor pure liberty. 
'Tia probable religiiODj after this, 
ame next in order, which they could not miss ; 
[ow could the Dutch but be converted^ when 
The Apostles were so many tishermen ? 
csides, the waters of themselves did rise, 
Lnd, as their l*nd, so chem did re-baptize. 
i'hougb Herriag for tbeit God few voices 
missed, 
ad Poor-John 3 to have been the Evangelist. 
Taith, that could never twins eon;:eive before, 
fever m tettile, spawned upon this shore, 
lore pregnant than their Margaret, that laid 

down 
for Hans-io-Kelder ^ of a whole Hans-Town. 

Sure when religion did itself embark, 

tnd from the east would westward steer its art, 

It struck, and splitting on this unknown ground, 

iach one thence pillaged the first piece he found ; 

lence Amsterdam, Turk-Christiaa-Pagan-Jew j 

aple of seciB, and mtot of scbiam grew ; 

' tnipcctor of the dykei. 

' An HixempteJ pan 00 HoUandera. 

'Hake. 

* An aahota child— lit^ Jsck-in-tbt-Cellar. 



.Jfi 



POEMS AND SATIRES OF 



That bank of conscience, where not ooe so Baangei 
0]jimon but iinds credit, and excEiaoge. 
In vain for Catholice ourseKeft we bear ; 
The universal church ia only there. 
Nor can civilily there want for tillage. 
Where wisely for their Court ihey chose 

village; ' 
How fit a title clothes their governors, 
ThemflelveBihe Hog«,* as all their subjects boot»l 

Let ii suffice to give their country fame, 
That it had one Civilis-' called by name. 
Some fifteen hundred and more years agO) 
But §u.rely nev^r any that was so. 

See but their jnermaida, with their laih offi 
Reeking at church over the chafing-dish 1 
A veetal turf, eaEhrioed in earthera ware, 
Fumes ehrougb the loopholes of a wooden Hqanitij 
Each to the temple with these ahara tend, 
(fiut still doss place it at her western end}] 
While the fat Hteam of female sacrifice 
Fille the priest'e tioatrils, and puts out his 
Or what a spectacle the skipper gross, 
A water Hercules^ butter Cnloss, 
Tunned up with all cheir seTcral towna of beaj 
When, staggering upoasomcland, snick and snwj 
Thqy try, like statuarie§, if they can, 
Cut out each other's Athos to a maq, 
And carve iQ their large bodies, where ihey \Mi» 
The arniH of the United Proviqcee. 



' The HapiE. 
* Hoog-mugEni^cn, i.e., tbc High anij Mighty Onci,li 
titk of x)k Siaic!- Central of the Vaneii Provincw, 
^A chief of the Eav&u\\Tv'VM^wttT;»tt\sh, 
■Tigbling with knives. 



ANDREW MARVELL 



IS7 



when such amity at home U showed, 
Vhzt ifaon are their confederaciea abroad ? 
.et this one courtesy witncaa a]] the rest, 
(Then their whole navy they together pressed, 
Tot Christian captives to redeem from bands, 
Ir intercept the western gplcEen sapds, 
Jq, but all ancient rights and leagues muet 

vai!,' 
Lather than to the English strike their sail ; 
'o whom their weather-beaten province owes 
laelf, wheo, as some greater vefiBel towa 
L cock-boat, toseed with the same wind and fate, 
i^e buoyed so often up their Binking state. 
ITas thia^'wj belli et pads P * Could this be 
ause why their burgomaster of the sea, 
ammed with gunpowder, flsming with brand- 
wine,^ 
hould raging hold hi6i linstock to the mine I 
?'hiIe,witbfeignedtreat«eH, they invade by stealth 
HIT sore new circumcised commonwealth,' 
et of hiii vain attempt no more he seea, 
'han of case-butter ehot, and bullet cheese; 
jid the tore navy staggered with him home, 
I'hiie the sea laughed itself into 2 foam. 
Tie true, einee that, (as fortune kindly sports) 
. wholesO'm.e danger drove ua to our porta, 
^hile half their banished keels the templet toseed, 



'In i6ii Van Tromp met Bloke off Dover, aatt a 

ttlc cjuuGil on hi* refuting to «iTil[« hit flag. 

' An aUasion to GraLJui's ntatcmejil of the csic for the 

Ktct. 

i Brandy. 

4 The DtttGli wEre chatg^ed with atlackkOE out Viva 

■ negotlntiOOi for b treaty. 



!58 



POEMS AND SATIRES OF 



Half bound at home in prison lo the frost; 
That Ours, meantime, at leisure ibighl caiectl, 
In a calm winter, under akies serene, 
Ab the obseicjuiouH air and waters rest. 
Tit) the (tear Halcyon hatch out all its ncftt. 
The commonwealth dotSi by its losses grow, 
Aad, like ice own kas, only ebbs to flow; 
Besides, that very agitation laves, 
And purgee out the corruptible waves. 

And now again our armed Bucentaur ' 
Doth yearly their sea-nupiiale restore; 
And now the Hydra of eeven provinces 
Is atraogled by our isifafit Hercules.^ 
Their tOrEoise wants ita vainly stretched oeckr 
Their navy, all our conquest, or our wreck i 
Or, what is left, their Carthage overcome, 
WotdcE reDder fain unto qur better Romej 
tjRlesB our senate, lest their youth disuse 
The war (but who w{]uld, peace, If begged! 

refuEe. 
For now of nothing may out atate despair, 
Darting of Hesven, and of men the care, 
Provided that they be, what they have been, 
Watchful abroad, and honest still within. 
For while out Neptune doth a trident shake. 
Steeled with those piercing heads, !Deimc 
Monck, and Blake, 

'The itate barge from which the Doge »f Vcm 
Vreddcit the Adriatic. 

' The ComnioDweallh in it* infancy figured asstroflf 
aj KexculM in hit prime. 

' Colonel Richard Deane, a great CDj]tmonw«iIA 
Admical, killeii in action in ihr victor}' of June l6f), 
■whiJe General Monck, after wanla (irilDuke nf Albemtlk, 
was by hii aiiic. 



INDREW MARVELL 



159 



lie Jove governs in the highest sphete, 
^ly in bell let Flutg damincei'. 

AE LAST INSTRUCTIONS TO A 

■ painter about THE DUTCH 

■ WARS, 1667' 

VFTER. two sittings, now our Lady State, 
To end her picture, doea the third time 
wait; 
lUt ere thou fall's! to work, first, Painter, see ; 
ft bcn't tOQ sltght grown or too hard for ihee, 
lanst thou paint withQut coloars ? Theo 'tis 

right : 
gr 80 we too without a fleet can fight. 
h canst thou daub a sigD-post, and that ill^ 
Twill suit our great debauch, and little ekJll. 
Il hast thou marked how antic masters lima 
'he a!!ey-roof with snuff of candle dini, 
ketching in lihsdy smoke prodigious coola ? 
Twill serve this race of drunkards, pii:n|>s, and 
^ fools« 

^Ffn 165G BuiineUo wrote a poem, "The Venetian 
nninpli," dncrlbing the BEa-Aghl between the VenetiAHs 
id ebc Tufkt by pKicudJAg tii inelrucil Libcri, tht paiiitcr. 
ti veT&eg were translated into English by Sir Thomas 
iggeni, n frit^nd cf Eilmunil W:illei, who silopteil. ihe 
me method in hh panegyric ua the Duke 'Uf Vorli'i 
ifhtiuccess&vertlic Dutch flrti in l56;, Icl l667,wliftl 
le Dutch »aitcd Tip the Medwoy, burnt our wanhipa 
id chreplened LpQilon, there appe-areiJ lome " Instruc- 
ini tu 4 Poifller" in a different coae, which are 
mctatly atttibuled to Dcnhain, who was lUpfoBCd to 
iw had govd TeBSon to h? itiisatiilied with the Duke of 
■k'l Telaijoni with Lajjy Denhsm. 



K 



i6o POEMS AND SATIRES OF 

But if to match our crimes thy skill presumeBi 
As ihe ladians draw our luxury ia plumes,' 
Or if to score out our cnrapendious fame, 
With Houkc^ then through your inicroBCopeukc 

aim, 
Where, like the new Comptroller^^ all men 

laugh, 
Tq Bce a tail louse brandish a white staff; 
Else flhalt thou oft thy guiltless pencil curae, 
Stamp on thy palletj not perhaps the worse. 
The painter so long haviog pexed his cldh, 
Of his hound's Tnoutb to feign the raging frothi 
Hi* desperate pencil at the work did dart; 
His anger reached that rage which parsed hit 

artL 
Chance finifihed chat, which art could but begiiv 
And he &ax smiling how his dog did grin ; 
So may'st thou perfect by a lucky blow. 
What alt thy softest touches caunot do.'' 

Draw next a pair of tabEcs, openings then 
The House of Coramona clattering like the men 
Describe the Court and Country both set righi 
On opposite pointE^ the black against the wlute 
Those having lost the nation at trick-track,' 
Th«^se now adventuring how to win it back. 
The dice betwixt them must the fate divide, 
As chance doth still in multitudes decide. 

* Featti.er-paiii.Cin|;i. 

' Dr Robert Hookc tutd HTittcii a popular wolk to 
microscopy. 

^SirThomai Clifford. 

• Cr, Pliny, HiK. Nat , ««v., lo, 36, 
I A gKme St bacligianamon. 



ANDREW MARVELL 



i6i 



lilt here the Court doth its advantage know, 
For the cheat, Turner,' for them bath muat 

throw ; 
As some from boxes, he so from the chair 
Can strike the die, and still with them go Bhare. 

Here, Painter, rest a little and survey 
With what small arts the public game they play, 
For So too, Rubena, with afTairs of state, 
His labouring pencil oft would recreate. 

The cLoEc Cabal marked how the oaivy eats, 
And thought all ioat that goeB oot to the cheats : 
So therefore secretly for y>eace decrees. 
Yet for a war the Parliatneot would squeeze; 
And fix to the rcT^Due such a aum 
Should Goodnck* silence, and make Paaton' 

dumb, 
Should pay land armies^ should diseolTe the raio 
Commons, and ever auch a Court maintain, 
Hyde's avarite, Bennei'a luxury,* should suffice, 
Aod what can these defray but the excise ? 
Excise, a monster worse than e'er before 
Frighted the midwife, aad the mother tore. 
A thousand hands she has, a thousand eyes, 
Breaks into shops, snd into cellars pries ; 
With hundred rows of teeth the shark exceeds, 
And on all trades, like casawar,^ she feeds ; 
Chops off the piece where'er she close the jaw. 
Else swallows al! down her Indented maw. 

' Sir EflwarJ Turner, the Speaker, 

' Ml P. for AldWongh or for Cork, 

s Aft«ward» Earl of Ynnhftuth, then M.P. fat Cdltle 

Riting. 

* Tbe E«rl of Clarenitop and Sir Henry Bennec, Bfter- 
wardi Earl af ArlioEiCDii. 
I Cauowary, 



k 



i6z POEMS AND SATIRES OF 

SheGulka dlday in streets, concealed fromsig 
And flies like bats witti ieaLhern wings by flight^ 
She wastes tlie coumry, and on cities prejrt. 
Her, of a female harpy in dog-days. 
Black Birch,' of all the eanh-born race monhfl 
And most rapacioue, like himself begot. 

Say, Muse, for Dothing can escape thy sight 
(And Painter, waating other, draw thia fi^t,J 
Who in an En^liah senate fierce debate 
Could raise so long, for thia new whore of Sl 

Of early wittols first the troop marched ia. 
Fqr diligence rcDowneid, aqd disciulLoe ; 
In loyal haste they left young wivea in bed. 
And Denhani - t-bcGe with one caasenc did he 

Of the oJd courtiec& next a Bqiiadron car 
Who sold their maflter, led by Ashburnham,*] 

To thera succeeds a deepicabfe rout. 
But knew cbe word, and well could face about: 
Expcetanls pale, with hopes of Bpoil alliired, 
Though yet tmc ptoneersr and led by StewardJll 

Then damning cowards ranged the vocal pbil 
Wood 5 these comraanda, knight of the horn . 

cane: 
Still his hook-shoolder eeems the blow toi 
And under 's arm-pit he defends his head. 

'John Birch, M,P. for LeominBteT, rurmer!)' C**!" 
in the ParliamcfiLary nrmy, 

' Sir John Denbm, the pMt, whose wife bad benl 
miitrirss of Jamei ILj thcD the Duke of Vock. 

-^ Johfl Aahburnh^m, M.l*. fur Suisci. He oatt Sir Id 
Berfeeley ^ttang^d for ch* flight of CliafleB I. Ia Uu f 

ai Wight, but Berkeley rashly revealed thi; hidin| 
CUrcniloU) faawcvcfj inammtcs treacbcry on 
him' I part. 

* There wete several M.P.i of this name 
s Sir Harry Wood, M.P. for Hythe. 



mk 



ANDREW mARVeI 



163 



'he posture strange men laugh at, of hJe poll 
[id with hiB elbow like the spice he Btgle ; 
leadless iSt Ucnnis ap hjs head dues beaTi 
kod both of them aJikc French martyrs were. 
Court ol^icers, ae used, the next place took, 
]d followed Fax,' but with difidaialiil liwlc ; 
Lis birib, iliis youiJi, his brolcage, all dispr^se 
vain, for always he commandB chat pays. 
Then the procurers under Prodgers^ filed 
fentlest of men, and his lieutenant nii!d, 
Srockard,^ lake's squire ; through all tiie Held 

arrayed, 
To Croop was better clad, aor So welt paid. 
Then marched the troop of CUreodon, al] full, 
[aters of fowl, to teal preferring bull ; 
Gross bodies, grosser n^iods, and grosser cheats ; 
And bloated Wren I conduttsthem to their seats, 
CharhoD ^ advances nex.t (whose coife does 
awe 
The mitred troop) aod with hie looks gives law. 
le inarched with beaver cocked of bishop's brim, 
%.- And hid much fraud tmder an aEpecc grim. 
I Nest do the lawyers, sordid band^ appear, 

) Finch in the frontj and Thurland'' in the rear. 
I The troop of privilege, a rabble bare 



^TOf 



I - 



' Sir Stephen Fg», PaymastM of the Force* 

' Sir E'lvrard PnodgerE, valet soil vonc to tlie Kinj. 

f Henry Broiinkcr, cofferer to the Kic\g ^ eipclleit the 

ou*c at an inramDug pcnon. 

• Mfllthiew Wresi CUreodon'* sucreiary. 

' Sir Job Charlioo, M.P. for Ludbw j afterward! 
Speaker. 

** S.ir Heneage Pioch, aFterwj.rdi Lnrd Chiucellar and 
£ari of NoUinghsai ; and Sif Edward ThupUnd, M.P. 
for RcigAte, iflerwardB Selieitor to Duke of Vorfe. 



•4 



164 POEMS AND SATIRKS OF 

Of debtors deep, fell to Trelawaey^ ' care 
Their foitane's error they svippli-eoMn rage. 
Nor any farther would than these engage. 

Then marched the troop, whose valiant 
before 

(Theit public acts), obliged them to do morei' 
For chimney's sake they all Sir Pool " obeyed 
Or, in his absence, him that iirst it laid. 

Then came the thrifty troop of privateer*. 
Whose horacB each with utber interferea 
Before them Higgous ridee with brow compact, 
Mourning his CounteBS, anxious for his Act-' ~ 

Sir Frederick aod Sir Solomon ■< draw lot 
For the command of politics or Scots ; 
Thence fell to words ; but quarrels to adjourn, 
Their friends agreed they should command by toiBi 

Carteret s the rich did the accountants gaiiie, 
And in ill English all the world defied. 

The Papists (but of thoee the house had ooac 
Else) Talbot "^ oFered to have led them on. 

Bold Duncombe ^ next, of the projectoru chitt 
And oW Fitz Harding* of the Eaters Beef.' 

' Sir Jonathan Trrlawney. 

^ Sir Courtena)' Poole, who moued the buying ap of iW 
lax ofi cliimatyif ^rst levied in i66z. 

3 SirThnmai Hig^ona, the tranilitOrof "TLc Vend* 
Triumph," and hutband of (he Counti-as of Eis.ex j b( ■■ 
prevenceil fTom TeEoveriog mnte nipne^ by the Act ^ 
Indemnity. 

1 Sir Frederick Hyde and Sir Solomon Swale. 

5 Sir George Carteret, Treasurer of the Nrvj, HDIIiM 
for miitnsnagcmcnt of Che acc<)UDl4. 

" Calonc]RiihardTalbot,iifterwiirdsDukco^Tyr«KiBit 

' Sir John Diincotnbc, CoromiMioncr of the TT?aDfjL 

" ViMOUot Piti Harding, formerly Sir Ch^flci BetkcKl- 

1 Beef-«aCGr«. 



ANDREW MARVELL 



,6s 



' Late and disordered out rhc drunkards drew, 
Scarce them ibeir leadetB, they their leaders 
k&ew. 
Before them entered, equsl in comTSiand, 
Apsicy and Brotherick' marchiog hand in 
^_^ hand, 

^^k.aBt then but oner Fowel]/ th^t could not 
^M "de, 

^Hd the French standard weltering in hie stride ; 
Vrfe, to excuse his filownesB, truth confesiied, 
7h3t 'twa-s KU loDg before he coutd be dressed. 

The lord's bodb last all these did reinforce, 
Cornhury3 before them managed hobby-horse. 
Never before nor since an host ho steeled 
^rooped on Co muster in cbe TuEtle-field. '^ 
^Btioi the first cock-horse that with cork was 
Ip shod 
'i'o rescue Albemarle 5 from the aea-cod : 
Nor the late feather-men, wliom Tomkins^ 

fierce 
Shall with one breath like thistle-down disperBe. 
All the two CoTentryg' thfir genei'als choBCj 
For one had much, the other nought Co lose, 
Not better choice all accidents could hit, 
Whiie hector Harry steera by Will the wit. 
They both accept lihe charge with merry glee, 
To fight a battle from all gunahotfree. 

' Sir Allen Apsley nnd Sir Al.in BrcdErich, who, in a 
(IrunkcQ itate, aridtPBseil tliE Hoiiae, 

' Clerk Id Sir William CoweHtty, 

J ViscouDl Corabury, Clarrnilan'a elJcBt atin. 

^ Tothill Field, a meetin^-plnce for riuellisti.. 

* Ceorge Mflnek, Duke ot" Albemarle. 
j.^,.' Posiibly Sir ThftniAt ToMkijis. 
l&BSir William and Hcnfy, auni. iii Laril Uovcntry. 



i66 



POEMS AND SATIRES OP 



Pleased with their oumbere, yet in valour wiK, 
They feigned a parley, better to surprise ; 
They who ere long shall the rude Dutch wpbfUit 
Who in a time of treaty durst iovade. 

Thick was the moraiag, and th? Hi^UK m 
thin. 
The Speaker early, when theyalJ fell id. 
Propitious heavens ! had not you them cnwed, 
Excise hEid go<t the dcty, and all been lost : 
For t'other aide all in loose quarierK lay 
Without intelligence, command or pay : 
A acattered body, wbich the foe ne'er tried, 
But often did among themselves divide. 
And some run o'er each night, while others bI«{ 
And Tindescried returned 'fore moroing peep. 
Bat Strangways/ who all night still waiktdii 

round, 
For vigiHanCe and courage B&th renowned. 
First spied the enemy, and gave the ulami, 
Flighting it single till the rest might arm ; 
Such Koman Codes ^ etrid before the foe, 
The falling bridge behind, the streaiD)^ below. 
Each ran as chance him guides to s-everal poll, 
And all to pattern hin example, boast ; 
Their former trophies they recall to mind. 
And to new edge their aogry courage, grind. 
First entered forward Temple,* conqneror 
Of Irish cattle, snd solicitor. 

' CiiloacI Gilea Stra Jig ways, M.P. fot Doncuhirc 
' Hontiui Cocica, who "Kept the bridgi; ia tfebi 

|^llyt of old," 
' Sir Richard Temple, M.P. iar Bu-ckmgham. ti 

wstdi van qvct b; a Cammisiioitcnhip of thi^ Cu«U 

aE ,f iioa X year, 



ANDREW MARVELL 



167 



daring SeyDtiDur,' that with $p?ar and shield 
Had stretched ciie monster patent ^ on the field. 
Keen Whocwood ^ Eext in aid of damsel frail. 
That pierced the giant Mordaunf through his 

mail: 
And aurly WilliamG ^ the accountant's bane, 
And Lovelace young ^ 0/ chimocy-mea the cane. 
Old Waller,^ irumpet-geoerat, swore he'd write 
This combat truer than the naval fight. 
Of birth, state, wit, strength^ courage, Howard ^ 

preaumeS, 
And in his breast wears many Montezumes. 
These, with some more, with eingJe valour atay 
The adverse troops, and hold them all at bay. 
Each thinks tis person represents the whijlej 
And with that thought does multiply his soul ; 
Believes himself an army ; tbey're's one man 
Ae easily cod^uered ; and believing, can. 
With heart of bees so fiili and head of mites, 
That each, though duelling, a. battle lights. 
So once Orlando, famous in romunce, 
Broached whole brigades like larks upon hie l&nce. 
But strength ai last BtEII under nmnber bows, 
And the fainteweattrickied down Temple's brow 8i 

■ Sir Edwird Scymont, afterwards Speaker, who was 
IwUsT 00 thaugtrC to have goDf gvec Ig the Conit parly. 
' Ttie wine monopoly, 
i Bfotar Wborwoocl, M.P. for Oafoid City. 

4 Lord Hordaunt, irc page 170. 

5 Therr were itveri! M.P.i of (hi& name, 

'' John L-ovelacG, afterward* Lord Lo-veUcci 

7 Edmund Waller, the poet. 

■" Sir Robert Howard, who wrote the Indian Sm^'" — 'n 
which MoDtecums wai the hCTO^ia collahoration with 
Dryden. jCj^'DQ ^ ycir, at Auditor of Exchequer receipt*, 
wne found co be hit price. 



1 68 



POEMS AND SATIRES OF 



Even iron Strangways chafing yet gave bacii, 
Spent with fatigue, to breathe swlille lobae. 
When marching in, a seasonable recruit 
Of dtizeas and merchants held dispute, 
And charging all their pikes, A sullen band 
Of Presbyterian Switzers made a stand. 

Kor could all these the Reld have Joag auin*] 

taioed 
But for the uulinowo reserve that still 

mainedi 
A gross of Eaglish gentry, nobly born. 
Of dear eBtates, and to no faction sworo, 
Dear lovers of their King, and death to meet 
For country's cause, that glorious thing aodj 

B-weet i 
To speak not forward, but in action bravti 
In giving generoue,, but in council grave ; 
Candidly credulous for once, nay twice ; 
But sure the devil caoaot cheat them thrice. 
The van in battle, though retiring, falls 
Without disoTtler in their intervale, 
Then closing a51, in equal front, fall on. 
Led by great Garroway,' and great Littleton.* 
L.ee ^ e^ual to gbcy, or to command, 
Adjutant-general was still at hand. 
The maraliai eundard, Sande'^ displaying, showi 
3t Dunscan in it tweaking Satan's noBC. 



' William Garroway, MP- for ChiclicatCf, " ihe 
Hector of die House," a patriot, afterwardt boagfat ara 
by Danby with a poBl in the Cuitomi. 

■ Sir Thomai Littleton, another patriot, until hf 
becaine TreaiuicF o-f the Navy. 

* Sir Thomis Lee, also " bought up " Utcr. 

* ColeiOct Snmucl Siodyi, M.P for OmbcrtLcy. 



ANDREW MARVKLL 



169 



See suddea chance of war, to paiot or urrit^ 
la longer work, and harder than to fight : 
At the first charge the ecemy give out, 
And the excise receives a tot.tl rout. 

Broken id courage, yet the meo the same, 
^aolve hencelofth upon their Qther game : 
here force bad Jaikd, with scratagem to playj 
And what ba»Ce lost, recover by delay. 
St AJbans ' straight is Bent to, to forbear, 
Lest the sure peace ^foraaoth) too soon appear. 
^be Beamea's cbmours to three ends they use, 
D cheat their pay, feign want, the Houae 
accuse. 

Each day chey bring the taJe, and that too true. 
How strong the Dmch their equipage renew ; 
Mea-Qtime through all the yaidii their orders run, 
To lay the ihipa up, cease the Iteela begun. 
The tirnber rots, the useless axe does rust ; 
he unpractbed saw EieB buried in its dust ; 
'he busy hammer sleeps, the ropes uutwioe; 
The store and wages all are mine and thine ; 
Along the coasts and harbours they take c^re 
That money lacks, nor forta be in repair. 
LoDg thus they could against the House coti- 

spire, 
Load them with envy, and with sitting tire; 
And the lo?ed King, that's never yet denied, 
Is brought to beg in public, and to chide: 
But when this failed, and months enough were 

spent, 
They with the first day's proffer seem content ; 



St 

W 



i 



' Lord St Alb'Uii bad been Kut lo make pe»ec with 
Fpeneb, vhf were illied with ih« Duwh. 



170 POEMS AND SATIRES OF 

And to land-tax from the excise turn round. 
Bought oEFwith eighteen hundred thousand poucd.'! 
Thus Eikq fair thieves, the CgmniQDt'' putte ' 

share, 
But 3.II the members* lives coDsuhiDg Epare 

Blither than hare that hath escaped tbe ho\U)d 
The House prorogued, the Chancellor rebauodi] 
Nof 60 decrepit ^soti,* hashed and stewed 
With magic herbs, roae from the poc renewed, 
And with fresh age felt his glad limbs unite ; 
Hie gout (yet still he cursed) had left him ijuiie- 
What frosLfl lo fruits» what arsenic to the rat, 
What to faif Denham mortal chotolale,^ 
What an account to Carteret,'' tiiat and men?, 
A parliament is to the chancellor. 
So the §ad tree shrinks from tliie morning's ej*/ 
But bJooms a.11 night and shogts its branches high] 
So at the sun's recess, agaiti retijrns 
The comet dread, and earth and Leaven bumi/ 

Now Mordauui ^ may within hss castle t'Ova 
Impriaon parents, and their child deflower. 

' Ai to thii battle over the CKCae, ef , " The King . . 
gut two bills prepared and carried into the House. Thc< 
waito empower liia Majesty uponeKtraorilintrf occHJa 

... to raise money without a ParUameilt ; lunl the oth 
wai for Betting a uaivertHl excite upati the Cra* 
—Stcret Hii/oiy, etc. 

' Ja»n'& fiiiher, mtored to yaniti by Medee. 

i It yits tepaftti that the Duchesi of York 
poiaoneri her huBband's mittrcMj Lady Dcohan). 

* Sir Giorge Carteret, im page 164. 

i Lord Mordaum, while Caaaiablc of Wirilaor 1 
viat impcaehtd fof itnpitoouirtf William Tayleur, wh&l 
oUcicd hiinself ai cendidite for Wiodjor, aad for ic 
imjiToperlf with regard to Tayleur't daughter. The I 
previntei^ the impeacliinent being proceeded with. 



ANDREW MARVELL 



'?' 



1'hr Irish herd is now let looEe, and D^mes 
By mtlltons over, not by hecaiombs j; 
-■iQcl, now, QQw th* Canary p.itent may 
Be broached again for the great holy day. 
6ee how he reigus in his new palace^ culminant. 
And site in Btate divine like Jove the fblminam. 
First Buckingham ' that dorse 'gainst him rebel, 
BlaGted with lightning, struck with thunder 

fell; 
Next the iwclve commons' are condemned to 

groan f 
And roll in vain at SisyphusU stone, 
But still he cared, whilst in revenge he braved. 
That peace secured, and money mighl be saved, 
G^n and revenge, revenge and gain, are aweet ; 
United most, whep most by turne they meet, 
France had St Albans promised (so they eing), 
St Albji>s promised him', and he the King. 
The Count forthwith is ordered all to close, 
To play for Flaoderp, and the stake to lose; 
While chained together, two ambaesadors' 

ELike elavee ahail beg for peace at HoEland's 
I doors. 
This done, among his Cyclops he reiipea 
To forge new thunder, and inspect their fireR, 
L The Court, as once ot war, now fond of 
f peace, 
All to new sports their wonted fears release. 

' Thr Oukc of Buckingham wa,i charged with titatoa 
in Fel>raa.ry 1667, but relemed chro'Dgh [he LnlercetiEQn 
0f one of ine fCing^'i mJitreiMi. 

' Probably the Coromwsionm appointcif to aee to the 
cipenditure of the monry voWii for th* wsr. 

s Heory Coventry and Dentil Hollis *ere »eni 
Bredi in M>y 1&6; ta flsgoiiale a puce wjih the Dn 



POEMS AND SATIRES OF 



From Greeowicb [where intelligence iheyholdl* 
Comee news of pastime martial and old. 
A punishment invented first to awe 
Masculine wive« tranegieesiog nature'B Law ; 
Where wten the brawny female disobeye, 
And be3.CB the husband, till for peace he pny^j 
No concerned jury damage for him finds, 
Nor partial juBtice her bchcLviour biads ; 
But the ju&t street does the next house tavadet 
Mounting the neighbour couple on lean jade. 
The difitafT knocks, the grains from kettle fly, 
And boys and girls in troopfi run hooting by. 
Prudent antiquity ! that knew by sham«, 
Better than law, domestic broils to tame | 
And taught the youth by Bpectacle innocecCt 
So thou and 1, dear Painter, represent 
lu <fuick effigy, others' fauke ; and feigD* 
By makiDg them ridiculous, to restrain ; 
Wi[h homely aight they chose thus to relax 
The joys of state for the new peace and tax. 
So Holland with us had the mastery tried^ 
And our next ocighbours, France and Flande 

ride. 

But a freab news the great deHignment nip« 
Off, at the ifile of Candy,' Dutch and ships ; 
Bab May and Arlington did wisely scolf. 
And thought all safe if they were ao far off. 
Modern geographers ! 'twas there they thougbl| 
Where Venice twenty years the Turks 

fought, 

' Convey lelasd in Ebs«i. Mirvell layt that Bip 

Mij, Kteptr ttt the Privy Pune, and Lord Arlio^ 
one of tbe Mioiatcrs, thought cLc Dutch fleet w^n 
Ciodia in ihi MeditfrrRnt-nn. 



ANDREW M. 



17? 



^M: 



(While the first year the navy is but shown, 
he next divided, and the third we've none.) 
'hey by the name mistook it for that isie, 
here pilgrim Palmer' travelJed in exiJe, 
ith the bull's hum to measure his own head. 
And on Pasiphae'^a tomb to drop a bead. 
But Morice^ learned demonatrateG by the post, 
This ifile of Candy was on Essex coast. 
Fresh messengers fitill the aad news a&Hure, 
ore timorous now we are than first secure. 
False terrors our believing fears devise, 
And the French army one from Calais spies. 
Bennct and May,3 and those of shorter reach, 
hange all fqr guineas^ and a grown for each ; 
ut wiser men, and well foreeeen in chance, 
D Holland theirs hs.d lodged before, and France ; 
hicehaU's unsafe, the Court all meditates 
o fly to Windsor, and mure up the gates. 
ach doth the other blame, and 3:11 distrust, 
ut Mordaunf* new obliged would sure be just, 
ot such a fatal etupefaction reigned 
t London's flatneB, nor so the Court com- 
plained, 
'he Bludworth Chancellor ^ gives (then does 

recall) 
rdere, amazed ^ at last givw none at all, 

' Poisibly Lord CaBllcEnainc, hiuband of one of tbe 
K.iitg'3 mietretses. 

• Sir William Morriw, Secrttary of Slate. 

J Lorrl Arlineton, formerly Sir Httiry Bciioet, unci 
Bipt-iit May. 

* Lo-fi Mordaunc, as Iwfore. 

t Lord ClaTeadoa, rcprMEntetJ as being ai &pachecic 
during the disaster, a.s Bludworth, the Lotd Mayo-r ef 
London., had been ilunng^ chcr Great Fire. 



'74 



POEMS AND SATIRES OF 



St Albaoa writ too, that he may bewail 
To Monsieur Lewis, and tell coward talc. 
How tliat the Hollanders do make a Tioific, 
Threaten to beat us, and are naughty boys. 
Now XJoleman's' disobedient, and they atiJl 
Uncivil, his unkindneii^ wouFd ue kill ; 
Teil him oui ships unrigged, our fores uornanndii 
Our money s^pent, ejse 'twere at hi» commaudi, 
SuinmQa bim therefore of his word, and ptovt 
To move him out of pity. If not love ; 
Pray him to make De Wilt and Ruyter ceascil 
AndwhiptheDutchunleaathey^ll hold their pea 

But Lewis was of memory but dull. 
And to &t Albans too undutiful t= 
Nor word nor near relation did revere. 
But asked him bluntly for his charactct.i 
The gravelled Count did witti thid answer hiiti 
(His character was that which ihou 

paint}, 
Aod BO enforced like enemy or ^py, 
Trueees his baggage, aod the camp does fly: 
Yet Lewis writes, and lest our hearts 

break, 
Condoles us morally out of Senec.^ 

Two tetters next unto Breda are Bent, 
In cipher one to Harry Exccllent.s 
The firet eotruGts (our verse that name abbon) 
Pleiitpotenliary amhaasadorfi 

■ An EngLiih colaoel commnnding the troDpi an tb 
Dutch i\eet. 

' Lord St Albans hfti! kso secietly married to Chid 
I,'t widow, Henrkttn Maria of Fna«. 

3 CTcdcntiaLi. Cbarks 11. had not given him foi 



power to ITcat. 
* SenccB. 



s Henry Coventry. 



^ANDREW MARVELL 
prove by Scripture* treaty does imply 



fiV 



adultery 

,d chat by law of arms, in martial strife, 
/ho yields his aword, has title to his Hie. 
'resbyter Holies ' the firet point should clear, 
'he aecDud Coventry the cayalier i 
lut, would they not be argued back from eea, 
!'hen to return borne straight mfeeta Ft. 
lut Harry's ordered, if they voo't recall 
'heir fleet, to threaten — we will give them dll. 
!'he Dutch are then in proclamation shent,'' 
^or BID against the eleventh commandment, 
iyde's 3 flippant style there pleasantly curvete, 
Ititl his Eharp wit on states and princes whets : 
lo Spain could not eGcu.pe hiE laughter'^e^ f^plecn, 
font but himself must choose the kiog a tgueen. 
\mX. when he came the odious clsuse to pen, 
riiat summonfl up the Parliament again, 
lis writing-master many times he banaed, 
Vjid wished himself the gout to seize his hand, 
luE still in hope he solaced, ere they come 
To Work the peace, and bo to send tlieni home; 
)r in their haaty call to (isd :■ ll^W^ 
rhcir acts to vitiate, and them gvcraiwe : 
tut more relied upon this Dutch pretence, 
To raise a two-edged army for 's defence. 

First then he marched our whole militia's force, 
As if, ftEas ! we ships, or Dutch had horse;) 
['hen from the usual coTDtnonplace he blames 
rheee, and in standing larmies' praise declaims; 
Vnd the wise Court, that always loved it dear, 

' Dcnitil Hdllti. 

' Blamed. 

( Lorii ClitrcRilan, 



176 POEMS AND SATIRES OF 

Kow thinltH all but too little for their fear. 
Hyde stamps, and straight upon the growuj! 

s war me. 
Of current myrmjdona appear in arms : 

AQct for tbcir pay he wrices js from the Kin^ 
With that curbed quill plucked from a vultarei 

wing, 
Of the whole nation now to aek a loan \ 
The eighteen hundred thouGand pouDds are gon 
This done, he pens a proclamation scout 
In rescue of the bankers banquerout, ' 

Horee-leechea Backing at the hatrtiOrrhoid vcinj 
He sucks the King, they him, he them agaio. 
The kingdoni^B farm he lets to tbeni bid least, 
(Greater the bridej and that's ^ at interest. 
Here men induced by safety, gain, and ease. 
Their money lodge, confiBcate when he pleatcj 
These can at need, at icstant with a scrip, 
(ThJB liked him bcEt) his cash beyond sea whif 
When Dutch invade, and Farliament prepare, 
How can he engiaea ea 'Convenient epare ? 
Lei no man touch them, or demand his own, 
Pain of diBpleasure of great Clarendon. 

The atate-affaira thiiB marshalled, for the 
Monck in his shirt against the Dutch is pres 
Often, dear Painter, have I sat and mused 
Why he should be on all adventures used ; 
Do they for nothing ilt, like ashen wood, ^ 
Or think him, like herh-john, for nothing 

' Bankrupt. ' Some cditloni rcid -■ chMtt.* 

3 The juice of the aih wu mpposEit 1o be a tpttt 

agalait terpentB, but this cannot be MarveLI'a 

Herb-jobn v-ne a naekta p4i[-hrrb. 



ANDREW MARVELL 



177 



Thpther his Talour they so much admircj 
)r that /or cowardice they all retire, 
U Heaven in storms they caH, in gusts of state 
)n Monck and Parliament, — yet botli do hate, 
Ul causes sure coDcuff but most they thipk 
Jader H^rcule^n labours be may einlc. 
iooa then the indep^ijdent troops would close, 
Lnd Hyde^fi hiec project of his pjace diGpase. 

Ruyter, the while, that had our ocean curbed, 
Sailed now amongst our rivers undisturbed ; 
Sureeycd their crystal streams and banks so 
green, 

Liid beauties ere this never naked seen : 
through the vain sedge the baehful nymphs he 

eyed, 
JqsomSf and all which Irom themselves they 

hide. 

i'he sun much brighter, and the sky more clear, 
le finds, the air and all things sweeter here; 
The sudden change, and such a lempcing sight, 
iwells hie old veios with fresh blood, fresh 

delight ; 

jikc amorous victors he begins to shave, 
knd his new face looks in the English wave ; 
{{3 sporting navy al! about him swim, 
nd witness their complacence in their Iritn ; 
Their streaming silks play through the weather 

[And with inveigling colours court the air j 

'^hile the red flags breathe on their topmasts 
high 
I" error and war, but want an enemy. 

Hong the ehroudf th« se^mea sit and sing, 
Lnd wanton boye on every rope do cling ; 



ijS POEMS AND SATIRES OF 

Old Neptun? spcingH the tides, and waters IfSt 
(The gods tbemaelves do help Uie provident), 
And where the deep keel od the sh^low cleans, 
With trident's lever and great shoulder beavM: 
^olus their saiifi inapires wiib eastern wind, 
Vvffs chem ^long, and bre^thee upon ihem kiod: 
With pearly shell the Tritons all the white 
Sound the sea-march, and guide to Sheppy lalc. 

So have I seen ia April's bud ' arise 
A i^eet of clouds sailing along the Kkies ; 
The tiquid region with thejr sc^uadroos filled, 
Theii" airy eterns the sun behind doth gild 
And gentle gales them steer, and Heaven dri* 
When all on sudden their calm bosom rives. 
With thunder and lightning from each arint 

cloud ; 

Shepherds themselves in vaio Ln bus3ies shroudi 
So up the Etream the Belgic navy glides, 
And at Sheerneas unloadB its stormy Bides. 
Spragge * there, though practised in the 

command, 

With panting heart lay like a fiah on land, 
And quick-Ey judged the fort was not tennble, 
Which if a house, yet were not tcnsfltabic j 
No rnan can ait there saFe, the cannon pouri 
Thorough the walls untight, and bullets' sbowcQ 
The neighbourhood ill, and an unwholeto 

sear, 
He at the first salute resolves retreat; 
And swore thut be woutd never more dwell it 
Until the city put it in repair ; 

■ F if St dayi. 

'Sir Edward Sprsgge, knighlril Tor filUnlry iturlB{l 
bitclc in ifi^Si liTOvned during action in [$73, 



ANDREW MARVELL 



r79 



bi 10 front, his gariiaon in tear, 
la/ched straight to Ciiathain to increase their 
fear. 
There our sick ships unrigged la summer lay, 
,\ke moulting fowl, a weak and easy pr^y, 
'or whose stroDg bulk eartli scarce could timber 

And, 

The Qccaa wawir or the beaveoB wind ; 
Thoee oaken giants of ancient race, 
I^That ruled all seae, and did our channel grace ; 
"he conscious stag, thoagh once the forear's 

dread, 

Mies to the wood, and hides his armieaH head. 
Luyter forthwith a squadron doea iintack, 
i'hey sail securely through the river's tnick ; 
English pilot too (O, ahsfiie ! O, sin!) 
jlheated of 'a pay, was he that showed them in. 
Our wretched ships within their fate nttend, 
Ltld all oiir hopes now on frail chqin ' depend, 
[Engine so slight to guard us from the aea, 
It fitter seemed to captivate a flea;J 
A skipper rude aiiocks it without respect, 
"filing hia sails more force to re-collect; 
'h' English from ahare the iron deaf invoke 
I* or its last aid : hoEd, chain, or we are hroke ! 
tuC with her sailing weight the HoIIsnd keel, 
3D3ppiDg the brittle links, does thorough reel, 
\Qd to the rest the opening paeaage show, 
[onck from the bank that diamsl sight docs 

view : 
)iu feathered gallants, who Came down that day 
?o be ^pect^tor^ safe of the new play, 

Which had been (trercheti across ihc river to prevent 
he Dutcli fleet passing, 



I So 



POEMS AND SATIRES OF 



Leave him aJone when first they hear the g«Q, 
(Cornbury * the Eceiest), aud to London run. 
Our seamen, whom no danger's shape could 
fright. 
Unpaid, refuse to mount theii ships for spite ; 
Or «)■ their fellows swiro on board the Dutch, 
Who show the tempting metai in their clutch. 
Oft had he sent, of Duncombe and of Legger 
Cannon and powder, but in vain, to beg ; 
Afid Upcor Castle's ill-deserted wall, 
Now needful does for ammuaitioD call. 
He finds, where'er he succour might e^pecti 
Confusion, foUy, treachery, fear, neglect. 
But when the Royal Charlee ^what raj 
what grief ! ) 
He saw seized, and could give her do relief; 
That Bacred keel that h»d, as he, restored 
Its exiled sovereign on its- happy board. 
And thence the Bridflh Admiral became, 
Crowned for that merit with his maeier's nan 
That pleasure-boat of war, in whose dear udej 
Secure, so oft be had thiR foe defied, 
Now a cheap spoil, and the mean victor's sbvtT 
Taught the Dutch colours from its top to wave: 
Of former glories the reproachful thought, 
With preseot shame compared, his mind dii* 
traught. 
Such from Euphrates' hank, a tigress l«ll 
After her robbers for her whelpa doth yell, 
But sees enraged the river flow between^ 
Frustrate revenge, and love by loss more ke 

■ Viscount Corobury, Clarenilon's son, 
* The Master and tbc Trcuurcr iai SupeHnlcflJ 
the OtJciiilM. 



ANDREW MARVELL 



L* her own breast her useJess claws does arm, 
h« tears herself, i\acv bim she cannot harm. 

The guiirde, placed for the chain's and Heel's 
defence, 
>OQg since were fled on many afeigned pretence. 

Daniel * had tbere adventured, man of might ; 
weet Painter, draw hia picture while I write. 
aint him of person tail, and big of bone, 
.arge limbs like ox^ not to be killed but ehown. 
carce can burnt ivory feign a hair bo black, 
)r face go red thine ochre and thy lac ; 
fix a vain terror in his martial look, 
Lnd aU those lines by wbich men are mistook, 
lut when by shame constrained to go on board, 
le heard bow the wild canaon nearer roared, 
ind saw himEclf confined like sheep in pen^ 
>a'ntel then thought he was in lion's den. 
kt when the frightful fire-ships he saw, 
'regnant with sulphur, nearer to him draw, 
!aptain^ Lieutenant, Ensign, all make haste] 
ire in the fiery furnace tiey be cast j 
Three children tali, unsinged, away they roW| 
*ike Shadrach, Meahech, and Ab«dnego. 
!ach doleful day atill wtfh fresh lose returnsj 
The loyal London now a third ^ time burns ; 
ijld the true Royal Oak, and Royal James, 
killed in fate, ipcrease with theirs her flames. 
>f all our navy none should now eurvive, 
lut that the ships themselves were taught to dive, 
isd the kind river in its creek them hides 
freighting their pierced keels with oozy tides ; 

' Alio mentioned b^ Pep^a. 4lh June 1666. 
' The frigBlc Irsttdan had been bloWn up in l66jf 
nd LoQiloa ittctf had beea burnt down. 



I 



i8z 



POEM& AND SATIRES OF 



Up to the Bndgp contagioue terror struclt. 
The Tower itself with the near danger ahoolt] 
And were not Ruyter'e maw with ravage cfoy 
Even London'fi ashea had been then deatro^ed. 
OfficiouB fear, however to prevent 
Our loss, does so much more our lose augmcnu 
The Dutch had robbed those jcwela of 

Crown ; 
Our mcrchant-rnen, lest they should. bOTDi D 

drown ; ' 
So when the lire did not eaough devour. 
The houecB were demoliGbed near the Tower. 
Those ships that yearlyfromi their teeming hole 
Unloaded here the birtli of either pole. 
Fur from the nortli, and silver from thr west. 
From the south perfumes, spices froin the eiisli 
From Garabo gold^ and from the Ganges gi 
Take a ahort voyage underneath the Thamet, 
Once a deep river, now with timber floored, 
And ahrtnik, Icbb navigable, to a ford. 

Now nothing more at Chathatn's left to bi 
The Holland squadron leisurely return ; 
And spite of Ruperts and of AlbemarlcB, 
To Ruyter's trtutnph led the caprire Charles. 
The pi^asiDg Eight he oftea does prolong, 
Her nwfit erect, tough cordage, tinibet strong, 
Her movvpg shape, all these he doth survey, 
And all admires, but. most hie easy prey. 
The seamen search her all within, without ; 
Viewing her etreogth, they yet their coi 

doubt ; 

' They had buea smil< (□ prevent tbe Dutch ihl^ 
eoiaiasi aeirer I4) LbD><loa. 

' HdW. 



ANDREW MARVELL 



183 



^n»en with rude shouts, secure, the air they ves, 
With gameaome joyinsufting on her nHectfi, 
Such the feared Hebrew captise, blinded, Bhom, 
Was led about in sport the public Bcorn. 

BJack day, accursed ! op thee leT 00 man 
hail 
Out of the port, or dare to hoi»t a sail, 
Or row 3 boat in thy unlucky hour ! 
Thee, tie year's mouBter, let thy dam dcTOur, 

Kd coDstaDt Time, to keep hia course yet 
right, 
1 up thy space with a redoubled night. 
When agM Thamce was bound with fetters 

base. 
And Mcdway chaste ravished before hia face, 
And their dear offspring murdered in their sigiit, 
Thou and thy fellows saw the odious light. 
Sad chaflge, ainCe first ihal happy pair wa* wed, 
When all the rivers graced their nuptial bed ; 
And father NepCune promised to resign 
Hia empire old to their immortal line; 
Now with vain grief their vainer hopee they rue, 
ThemEelves dishonoured, and the gods untrue ; 
And 10 each other, helplcEs coupfe, moan, 
As the Bad tortotGe for the sea does groan : 
But most they for their darling Charles com- 

pFain, 
And were it burned, yet less would be their 

pain. 
To Bee that fatal pledge of sea-command, 
Now in the ravisher De Ruytcr'a hand, 
The Thames roared, swooning Medway turned 

her tide, 
^^id were they mortal, bt)th for grief had died. 



iBi POEMS AND SATIRES OF 

The Court in fathering yet itself dotb pleaw, 
(And female Stewart ' there rules the four xat.) 
But fate docE still accumulate our woes, 
And Richmond her coaimaDds, aa Ruyter ihotcj 

After thie lose, to relieh discontent, 
Some one must be accused by FaHiament. 
All our miBcarriageB on P«t - must fail, 
His name alone seemE fit to answer al). 
Whose i:ouns€l firsL did this mad war beget I 
Who all commandB eoid through the nav)!] 

Pett. 
Who would not follow when the Dutch were beslij 
Who treated out the time at Bergen ? PetU 
Who the Dutch fleet with worms disabled m«9 
And, riiling prizes, them neglected ? Pett. 
Who with fajee news prevented the Gazette i 
The fleet divided ? writ for Rupert ? Pett. 
Who all our Beamen cheated of their dcbti 
And all our prizes who did swa^llow i Peti. 
Who did advise no navy out to set ? 
And wlio the forts left unpreparM i Pett. 
Who to supply with powder did forget 
Landguard, Sheerneafl, Gravcsend, and Upnorl 

Pelt. 
Who a.tl QUI ships exposed in Chatham avt ■ 
Who should it be but the fanatic Pett ? 

' Mis* Fr»riceB Stewart, the intended Quceu of Eogka^ 
had recently married the Duke of Rkhnionrl, She *t» 
the model for the Britaania on Pui cuinage, which itiiiit 
the Dutch vktntica bore the matto, " The Four Scm in 
Mine." 

' Sir Peter Pett, CocntniaaiDn^r for the M>vyt tte 
greatest aliipbuilder of the age, P^py; aayt, ** ALl llut n 
frcaCcf, Uv cht fault afotk him. in hope that he u to tor 
all the blumc." He rectptA with the loat of hi* office.) 



'^m 



ANDREW MARVELL 



the 



iking 






-architect 
the (irat cause of aiJ tteee oaval eJipB; 
he oot built, Qoae of these fauks had been ^ 
creatioD, there had hecn Qo nia ; 
But his great crime, one boat away he sent. 
That lost our fleet and did our flight preyeot. 
Theo, that reward might in its turn take place, 
And march wiUi punishment in «qua! pace, 
Southampton dead, much of the creasure'G care, 
Aod pkce in council, fell to Diincumbe's share. 
All men admired he to that pitch could fly : 
Powder ne'er blew man up bo ttoon, so high ; 
But Bure his ktc gocwi husbandry id petre ' 
Showed him to manage the Exchequer meeter ; 
tnd who the forts would not vouchsafe a corn, 
?c laTiah the King's money more would scorn ; 
'^ho hath no cbininey§, to give ail, is best, 
And ablest Speaker, who of law hath least ; 
Who lesB estate, for Treasurer most fit, 
And for a Chancellor he that, has least wil ; 
But the true cause was, that in 'b brother May,^ 
The Excheijuer might the privy-purse obey. 
And now draws near the Parliament's return ; 
[yde and the Court again begin to mourn ; 
Frequent io council, earnest in debate, 
'^' All artfl they try how to prolong its date. 

Grave Primate Sheldon ^ (much in preaching 
tjL there) 

^^H ' Pi!tre=jaUpe[re. Sir John Dunrombe, nfitr hnving 
^^^kitmnnagfil ili« Ordnance Department, v/as tTanBr«rr«4 
^^P(d the TfciBury an. the death of the Lord Trcaitiicr.. the 
^^ Earl of Boiithamptoti, 

= Baptist Mjj, Keeper of th« Privy Puru, 
) The profUgate AiehbJehop of CanCerbury. 



^ Ac 

^ Wl 

Ap 

^ Bu 



l86 



POEMS AND SATIRES OF 



Blamee the last Bession, and this more doei fd 
With Boynton ^ or with Middleton = 'twere n 
But with a Parliamect abhors to meet; 
And thinks 'twill ne'er be well witiiin this nati 
Till it be governed by a CoDTOcation. 

But in the Thames' mouth etill De Ruyter 1 
The peace not sure, new army must be paid. i 
Hyde saith he hourly waits for a despatch ; 
Harry ^ came post juet as he showed, his watd 
All do agree the artieltB were clear. 
The Holland fleet and Parliament so near, 
Yet Harry must job back and all mature. 
Binding, ere the Houses meet, the treaty eur 
And 'twixt necessity aiid spite, till then 
Let them come up, so to go down again. 
Up ambles country justice on hts pad, 
And vest beepeaks, to be more seemly clad. 
Plain gentlemen are in stage-coach o'erthroi 
And deputy-lieutenants in their own ; 
The portly burgess, through the weather ho 
Does for his corporation sweat and trot ; 
And all with sua and cholcr come aduBf, 
And threaten Hyde to raise a greater dust, 

BuL fresh, as from the miM, the courticni 
Salute them, smiling at their -vain design [ 
And Turner* gay up to his perch doth 
With fece new bleached, (moothM and 
with starch ; 



' A maid at Inunouc, whv married itic 
Tytconael, 

' Mr> JaoE Middleton, "one of the twnri 
womciL in lown/' according to Anihoay HsmUtoiL 

3 Heary Caveatry, ift page 171, 

* Sif EdwAfti Tiimer, cbe SpMker. 



ANDREW MARVEL] 



187 



lis them he at Whitehall had rook a cum, 
ad for three days thence moves cbem to ad- 
journ. 
Not HO, quQth Tomkias,^ and straight drew his 

tongue, 
Truaty as steel that always ready hung ; 
And so proceeding in his motion warm, 
Th^ army Boon raised, he doth as soon disarm. 
True Trojan ! wMst this town can girls afford, 
And long as cider lasts in Hereford, 
Xhc girls shall always kies thee, though grown 

m old, 

Hbd in eternal healths thy naine be trolled. 

Mifapwhilc thq certain news of peace arrivea 
At Court, and so reprievce their guilty liveB. 
Hyde orders Turaer that be fihould come 
late, 
Lest some new Tomkine spring a fresh debate ; 
The King, that early raised was from Eiib reat. 
Expects, as at a play, till Turner's dcesBed; 
At laat, together Eaton ^ came and he, 
No dial! more could with the sun agree; 
The Speaker, summoned to the Lords, repairs, 
Nor gave the Commons leave to say their 

ptayefS, 
IjBut like hia prisoners to the bar them led, 
^Kiere mute they stand to hear their sentence 
^M read ; 

^^ Sir Thomas Tomkini. The country oiembcrs tcaicd 
tbal (he irtny rajti^d fgi cicl'enci! would Se emplojeil tn 
put ilown all oppoEition sgamst the despatic pretengioni 
of Che Crown. 

Pcrhnpi Evclyu'i " gtyoi friend, Mr Eitcn, oftcT- 
it ■ jud^." 



i8B 



POEMS AND SATIRES OF 



Trembling with joy and fear, Hyde them 

rogues, 

Ai^d had almost mistook, and called them rog 
Dear Painter, draw this Speaker to the to 
Where peocll cannot, there my pen shall do 'll 
That may his body, this his mind explain; 
Paint hitn in golden gowfl with mace's train J 
Bright haJr^ fair facCf obscure and dull of bcJiJ 
Like koife with ivory haft, and edge of lead '■ 
At prayera his eyes turn up the piouB white, 
But all the while his private bill's in sight; 
In chair he smoking sits like master cook, 
And a poll-bill does like hie apron look. 
Well was he skilled to beason any question, 
And make a saace fir for Whitehairs digesuo 
Whence every day, the palate more la tickle,] 
Court -mushroomB ready are sent in to pickle- 
When grievance urged, he swcIIg like 6qu 

toad, 
Frisks like a, frog to croak a tax's load : 
At tabic jolly as a country host, 
Aad soaks his sack with Norfolk like a toi« | 
At eight than chanticleer more brisk and hot,] 
And sergeant's wife series him for parielot.' 
?aim last the King, and a dead shade of Dig 
Only dispersed by s, weak taper's light. 
And those bright gleams that dart along 

glare 
From hia clear eyes (yet these too dart 

care ;) 
There, ae in the calm horror all alone; 
He wakes and muaee of the uneasy throne. 



' A hm or no'my (adding wamaa. 



ANDREW MARVELL 



■ 8^ 



up a sudden shape witt Ticgin's (ace, 
'Though ill agree her posture, hour or place; 
Naked as born, and her round arms behind, 
IVith her own tresseB interwove ;Lad twined ; 
Hex EQautli lacked up, a blind before her eyes, 
Yet from beneath her veil her blushes rise; 
And silent teaia her secret angulBh Epeak, 
Her heart chrobB, and with very shame would 

break. 
The object strange in him no terror moTed, 
He wondered first, then pitied, then he lo»ed ; 
And with kmd hand does the coy Tision press. 
Whose beauty greater seemed by her distress : 
But soon shrunk back, chilled with a touch so 

cold. 
And the airy pictwre vanished ftom hia ho!d. 
la his deep thoughts the wonder did increase, 
And he divined 'twas England, or the peace. 

Exf>re3s him etarttiog nest, with listening ear. 
As one that some uoustnl noise doth hear ; 
With cannons, tmrnpete, druma, his door sur- 
round, 
But let some other Painter draw the sound. 
Thrice he did rise, thrice the vain tumult fled. 
But again thunders when he lies in bed. 
His mind secure does the vain stroke repeat. 
And finds the drams Lewis's march did beat. 

Shake then the room, and all his curtaine tear, 
And with blue streaks infect the taper clear. 
While the pale ghosts his eyes doth fixed admire 
Of grandaire Harry,^ and of Charles his sire. 
Harry sits down^ and in his open side 

' Mcnri Quaere, aieaasinatctl by RavBJllac; hU dkugfater 
■fat Qacm Hcarictti Marin of England. 



h 



1 90 



POEMS AND SATIRES OF 



The grisly wound reveals of which he died; 
And ghastly Chark's, turaing his collar low, 
The purple thread about hie neck does show; 
Then whiapering to his son in words unheard. 
Through the locked door both of them iis 

peared. 

The wondrous ntght the pensiYC King resokti,] 
And rising straight, on Hyde's disgrace resohe 
Ak. his first step he Caatlemaine ' does Jipd, 
Eeaaet a-nd Coventry ^ as 'twas designeij j 
And they not knowing, the i;ame thing propow] 
Which his hid mind did in lis depthe incIoBe. 
Through their fdgoed speech their eecrel liesr 

he knew. 
To her own hoaband CaHtleraaine untrue j 
False to his master Briatol,-'' Arlington } 
Add CoTentry" filser than any one. 
Who to the brother, brother would betray : 
Nor therefore tmstB himself to such as they. 
HIh father's ghost too whispered him one noli^j 
That who does cut his purse will cut his ihioatj 
But in wis^e anger he their crimes forbears. 
As thieves reprieved from executioners ; 
While Hyde, provoked, his foaming tu»k 

whet. 
To prove them traitors, sod himaelf the Pett.^| 

' Tlie King*! favourite miatreM. 

' Lord Arlington and Sir William Coventry. 

j The Ear! of Briltnl. 

* Sir Willinm Coventry, thaagh iGCreta.ry to Jama] 
then Duke of York and ffither-in-Uw of Eriwnrri. Eiri( 
CUrendon, brovighi mbout the fall of the great MiaiiM 
anit aa betrayed his mHiter's intcreitf for the btnuft ] 

chaTiM ri. 

i The acapcgo>I) at Felt had htta. 



^^ 



ANDREW MARVELL 



191 



nter, adi«v. How well our arte agree ! 

picture, painted poetry ! 
.IB great work, is for our monarch fit, 
icnceforth Charles only to ChaHcR shall sit ; 
.aBter-hand the ancients shall outdo, 
jh'the Faint'cr, and the Poet too. 



TO THE KING 

his bold tube man to the bud applied. 
And spots unknowt] in the bright star de- 
scried ; 
ed th«y obscure him, while too near they 

ease, 

eem his courtiers, are but his disease ; 
kgh optic truuk ' the planet seemed to hear, 

urlG them off e'er since ia hiB career. 

I you, great Sir, that with him empire 
hare, 

f twir world, as he the Charles ib there, 
ne not the Muse that brought those spots to 

ch, in your splendour hid, corrode your light ; 
]g» in the country oft have gone astray, 

of 3 peasant scorned to learn the w»y } 
lid she the unattended throne reduce, 
shing love, trust, ornament, and use ? 
sr it were 10 live in cloister's lock, 
a fair fields to rule the eaEy flock : 
blames them only who the Court reetrain. 

where all Ungland serves, themselvea would 

reign. 

' The wbt of i teleic&pe. 



POEMS AND SATIRES OF 



Bold and accursed are they who all Lhie wtulfl 
Have BtTDVie to esle the monarch from this isle, 
And to improve themselves, by fabe preteiiw 
About the comman prince have raised a fence i 
The kingdom from the crown distiDCt woulJ| 

see. 
And peel the hark to burn at last the tree 
A4 Cer^s CQrn, and Flor^ it. the spring, 
Bacchus is wine, the Country i« the King, 

Not so does rust insiaumng wear. 
Nor powder bo the vaulicd bastioa tear, 
Nor earthquakcB ao an hoiltow isle o'erwbelm, 
Aa Bcraiching courtiers undermine a realm, 
And through the palace's foundations bore, 
BmrowingthemselveB to hoard their guilty eton 
The smallest vermin make the greatest waste. 
And a poor wairco once a city raged.' 
But they who born to virtue and to weaEth, 
Nor guilt to flattefy binds, nor want to stealtib; 
Whose generous conscience, and who$v coungc 

high. 
Does with clear counaels their large aouls supply i 
Who serve the King with their estates and care. 
And aB in love on pariiiimentE can fitare j 
Where few the numher, choice is there lees hard t 
Give UB this Court, and rule without a guard. 

' Cf. Hollarm's Fliay. "M, Varto writei thst there 
wat a town in Spain uniJcrtnincd by coniet, and foocbtf 
LikewtM in Thci»li» by thv inal>i -warpt." — Nm. hin., 
I. vili< 19. 



ANDREW MARVELL 



'93 



THE LOYAL SCOT 



BY CLBTEI-ANUS GHOST, UPOM TKE DEATH Or 
H^ CA.PTAIN DOUGLAS, BURNED OK HIS SHii- At 
^H CHATHAM. 

WHEN the old heroes of the warlike shades 
Saw Douglas marching on the Elysian 
glades, 
They straight coDauJted, gathering in a ring. 
Which of their poets should his welcome sing ; 
And, as a favourable penance, chase 
Cleveland, on whom they would the taek impoBe, 
He understood and willicfgly acidrcsBed 
Hia ready muse^ lo court the noble gueeti 
Much had he ctired the humour of his ?eio. 
He judged more clearly ddw and eaw more plaia ; 
For those soft airs had tempered every thought, 
Since of wise Lethe he had drunk a draught, 
Abruptly be began, disguiEing art. 
As of his satire this ihad been 3. part. 

— Not BO, brave Douglas, on whoBe lovely chin 
The early down but newly did begin^ 

' Captaii) Archibald Douglas wa« on boitd the ReyaJ 
OaJt oa tbe iztb June l66^ whcD h was set on fire by the 
Dutch-. Having hfta aidtred fa itfeod llhe sa'cii,'* tt 
■houtd ntvcT be told that a Dauglai had quictEd hja pott 
without onlerl,'' and be rcmaiacd ulaae in the lames. 

C!e«tUnd had written a Batire, "Tbe Rebel Scot," 
which en ill. 

"A Scot, when from the gallow»-lrire got looie, 
Dtopi ioio StyK aad tura< a solait goMs" 
Mirvell contiatiet it frocn thia poipt. 



'94 



POEMS AND SATIRES OF 



And modest beauty yet his sex did veil, 
While envious virgins hope he is a male. 
His yellow locks curl hack theniBelves to seek, 
Nor othef sourtHhip koow but to bia cheek. 
Oft as he in chill EbW or Tyne, by nigh^ 
Hardened and cooled bis limbs, so soft, Kt will 
Among the reeds, to be espied by bim 
The nymphs woufd rush, and be would forw) 

ewiiii. 
They sighed, and said, Fond boy, why bo 

tame, 
That fly'm lo?e'a fires, reserved for other flan 

First on his ship he faced that horrid day, 
And wondered much at those that ran away. 
No other fear himaeff could compiehefld. 
Than leat Heaven fall ere thither he ascend : 
With, birding ' at the Dutch, as if in sport. 
He eotertains the while bis time so short* 
Or waves his sword, and could he them conjl 
Within his circle, knows himself secure. 
The fatal bark him boards with grapphng fi«^ 
And safely through ks port the Dutch retire. 
That preciouB life he still disdains to save, 
Or with known art to try the gentle wave. 
Much bim the glories of his ancient race 
Inspire, nor could he his own deeds defect ; 
And secret joy in his calm breast doth ri«. 
That Moncic looks on to see how Dought dj 
Like a glad lover the fierce flames he mectl, 
And trie« his first embraces in their sheets t 
HiB shape exact, which the bright flaraescofi 

' PViing wVib imiU t^cft. 



ANDREW MARVELL 



»9S 



jik>e the 9U:n''s siaiue stands of burniehed gold ; 
Round the transparent fire about him giowB, 
Ab the clear amber on the bee does close j 
And, as on angel's heads their glories ehiner 
His barning locks adorn his face divine. 
But when in hie imniurtat mind he fth 
His altering form and soldered Umba to melt, 
Down on the deck he laid himself, and died, 
With his dear sword reposing by his side. 
And DQ the iHamiag planks he rcst» his hezd 
As one that hugs himself in his warm bed. 
His ship burnB dowD, and with his relics sinks. 
And the sad scream beneath his ashes drinku. 
Fortunate boy! if e'er my verse may claim 
Thai mafchiesa grace to propagate thy name, 
When CEta and Alcidee are forgot. 
Our Hnglish youth shall sing the valiant Scot, 
Ship saddle, Pegasus^ thou needeat not brag^ 
Sometiitriea the Galloway proven the better nag,' 
Shall not a death so generou§, when told. 
Unite our distance, fill our breaches old '. 
So in the Roman forum, CurtiuH brave, 
Galloping down, closed up ihe gaping cave. 
No mo<re diBcouree of Scotch and linglisb race. 
Nor chant the fabulous hunt of Chevy-Cbaee ; 
Mixed in Corinthian metal at tby flame. 
Two nations meldng thy Colossua frame, 
Shall ■ fix a foot on either neighbouring shore, 
And join those lands that seemed to pirc before. 
Prick down that point, whoever has the art, 
Where nature Scotland does from England part j 

' CIrveUnd LI rcprcKnteil as tciving Iiii old railing vein 
'-. orJet t* pTmf ihe Scoili**) people, 
*| Tbat aiall, etc. 



ig6 



POEMS AND SATIRES OF 



Anatomists may sooner fix the cells 
Where Bfe reaictea or underatandiog tiwella. 
But this we know, though that txtzted their 
That whosoever separates does kill. 
Will you the Tweed that sullen bounder callU 
Of soil, of wit, of manners, and pf all ? 
Why draw you not, sf well, the thrifty Eine 
Fcom Thames, Tr«m, Humber, or at le««1 

Tyne? 
So may we the state-corpuleacc redress. 
And little England, when we please, make 
What ethic river is this wondrous Tweed, 
Whose one bank rirtuej t'other tice, does bre 
Or what new perpendicular does rise 
Up from her stfea.ms, continued to the BkJOij 
That between us the common air should ler, ' 
And split the influence of every star ? 
But who considers right, will find indeed, 
'Tib Holy Island' prts ub, not the Tweed. 
Nothing but clergy could us two seclude, 
No Scot's was ever tike a bishop'a feud. 
All Litaniea in this, have wanted feith. 
There's no " Deliver vt from a bishap't ^rai\ 
Never shall Calvin pardoned be for Sales, 
Never, for Burnet's sake, ihe Lauderdale*;' 
For Beckct^s sake, Kent dwaye shall havetiil 

'About eleven milci Hnthaf th« Twceil. The i 
lilh«cl church ii, of courw, intended. 

' As Calvin and Sir Fr?oci> Je Salei were coanG 
so were the Duke tif LauderiJak and Alikandcr 
th« Atchbiihopof GlisgoW who opposeJ h\\ policy of I 
lectiting the Covenanters. ^ , 

■'Somfcinc in Strood having cnt off the tail i>f| 
horse of Sir Thomas a Bi:t'kt\.,*e»w^Mi cwa-wd tbei 
ptople. that ihey weje tViEnctferMKiVwttVAVtMwwoilj 



ANDREW MARVELL 



I95 



Alio Bermons e'er can pacify and prayers J 
Or toihe joiac Btools ' 'recaacile the chairs ? 
Though kingdoms join, yet church will kirk 

oppose ; 
The mitre still diTides, the crown doee close ; 
Ab in Rogation week, they whip us round = 
To keep in mind the Scotch and English bound. 
What the ocean binds is by the bishops rent, 
xheir scaa ^ make islands in our contiueQt. 
Naiufe in vain us in one land compilcsv 
If the cathedrsi still shall have its isles. 
Nothing, not bogs nor eanda nor Beas nor Alps, 
Separates the world bo as the bishops' scalps ; 
Stretch for the line their surcingle alone, 
'Twill make a more inhabitabSe zone. 
The friendly loadstone has not more combined, 
Than bishops cramped, the commerce of man- 
kind. 
A bishop will like Mahomet seize the moon 
And slip one half into hi« sleeve as fiOdU. 
The pUZzllDg prelate on hia hocus 4 calls 
Showa you just one then makes that one two 

balls. 
Instead of all the plagues had bishops come, 
Pharaoh a,c first would have sent Israel home. 
From church they need not censure men away 
The bishop's self is aa anathema, 

' Jennfr Gcddci''t missile. 

' Atludiag to theol.d cuslani at taVing boy* tpthe paiish 
marki and giving th«m a beating, so tltat they miefit 
havt tTiiscn to remember, when Ihcy grew uld, the 

trill ilioniil boundi. 
} Biihapi' aeti, 
* JvgsHag ijaponoT ; conjurer. 



198 POEMS AND SATTRESOI 

Their faT]J[ ambition all this hate hath stirrcd, 
A bisliop's rennet makes the strongest curd. 
How reverend things are long' Uwn deeveti 

ease 1 
How 3 clean launcCreBS and po eermoii pleaK' 
They wanted zeal and learning so mistook 
Bible and granimar for the service book. 
Religion has the world too long depraved, 
A shorter way 'b to be by clergy eavcd ; 
Believe but only as the church believes. 
And learn to pin your f&ith upoo their sleevct! 
Ab like Lot's wife they shiW look back 

halt, 

And surpliced show like pillars too of salt, 
Who that IB wise woutd pulpit toil endure: 
A bishopric is a great sinecure. 
Enough for them, God Jcnows, to cooot 

wealth, 
To excommunicate and study healtii. 
An higher work is to their court anoexe 
Their nations they divide, their curates oei 
No bishop, rather than it ehould be bo ! 
No church, no trade, no king, no people ! NoT 
Ail tniBchiers moulded by the&e Statea-dinDeii 
Aaron cast calves but Moses them caJcinc*.* 
The legion devil did one man poeseas. 
One bifihop-lieDd spirits & diocese. 
That power at once can loo^ this 8p«l] tbst I 
And only kings can biahopa exorcise. 
Will you be heaUd, Princes ? H?re fall to ! 
Fish and Hesh bielnops are your ambigue.^ 

' MS, loriL. ' MS. tcxi. > Exod. uiiwl 

* An cfltcilMncaenV viVr^ ^Ca ^u^b -««« %ct«*4J 
t9g«tber. 



r 



ANDREW MARVELL 199 



Howe'er inaiptd yet the sauce wil! mend 'em, 
Bishops are very good when in commeDdam. 
If wealth or lust can tempt yoac appt^iices, 
These Templar Lords exceed the Templar 

Knights. 
Aod in a Baron Bishop, yuu have both 
Leviathnn served up, and Behemoth. 
How can you bear such miecreants should live, 
And holy adders, holy order§ give ? 
None kflowa what God our Flamid-Pricst 

ador«p i 
One mitre fills the heads of full four Moors. 
No wonder if the orthodox do bleed 
Whilst (Sheldon) ' stands at AihaDasius Creed. 
What 60 obdurate pagan heretic, 
But will transforni for an archbiebopHc i 
Id faith errooeaus and in life profane. 
These hypocrites their ailk and Batin stain. 
Setb'e pillars are no antique brick und stone. 
But of the choicest modern j^esh and bone. 

Their company's the worst ttiat ever played, 
And their religion all but masqaerade, 
The cOflscJouH bishop ' therefore did not err, 
Wbec. for a church he built a theatre 
A coDgruouB dress they to theroselves adapt. 
Like Bmutty etoiieE in clean liaeu wrspped. 
Do but their piebald Lordships once UDC3.Be 
Of rockets, lippetts, copes, — and where'a the 
Grace ? 



^llwi' 



The Arclibiibop of Canierliury. Sri " La»1 lailiiic- 
',* to s pBinter,' ps£e 1S5. 
Archbiehop Sheldon, who buiit the &tieVd<i&\m 
trc al OMford. 



200 POEMS AND SATIRES OF 



An hungry chaplain like a starved rat 
Eating bi* neighbour, bkhop growe» or cai; 
But aa apocryphal ArehbiBhop'e belly, 
Like anake that toads do eat, to dragons swell] 
Strange was Lhe sight, that Scotch twin-he^e 

man ^ 

With single body* like the two-necked swan; 
And wild dispute 9 betwixt those heads raust gro 
Where's but two hands 10 act, t-wo feet to gOaJ 
Nature in living emblem this cXpree&ed 
When Britaia was between two Jciogc distrefrti 
But now, when one head doth both re 

control. 

The bi8bop'& noddle creeps up cheek by jotirI.< 
They, though no poets, on Farna^Eus dream. 
And in their causes think themselves Kupreme, 
KiDg'& head aaith "tbiB," hot bishop's saiil 

"that'' do; 
Does Charlea the Setioad reign, or Charles ' 

two? 

Welt that Scotch moDster and that bUhop ' gociJ 
He was mueicisu toO) aod dwelt at Court ! 

Hark ! though at such a dj^^taoce, what a aoi^ 
Shattering the silent air, disturbs our joys. 
The mitred hubbub against Fluto moot; 
The cloyeti head must govern cloven foot. 
Strange boldoess, biehopB, evea there, rebel, 
And plead their /»/ dtvinum though in h«ll ! 
Those whom you hear more claniorouB yet aa 

loud. 
Of ceremonies wrangle in the crowd i 

' A reference, pei'hApi, Co the Duke of Laudcrilalc _- 
Arctibiibop Sh&rp, who were pCiTMCuting the Covcnaottn 
and qusrrellicg bstween tliemielvet. 



ANDREW MARVELL loi 

would, like chemists (ixiag mexcury, 
ransfijGe iudifl^r^ace Lu D^cessicy, 
'o Kit is necessary in Parliament, 
'o conform ik iiei;cBsary, or be shent — ' 
lUt to reform is all ladifferect. 
ris necessary bishope have their rem ; 
'o steal from poor meo is indifferenty 
Vis neceasary to (re)build Saict Faul'e, 
idifferent to rob churcheB of their coaU. 
Hb Decesaary Lambeth ^ never wed, 
ldi:Serent (o bave a weuch in bed. 
uch bishops afe, without -a cotnplinient, 
fot necessary, Dor iodiffereDt. 
icorrigible among all their pains, 
Dme sue for tithes of the Elysiap plains ; 
'ttere attempt to cook their fervent clune 
. Kcoud time to ravish Proeerpiue. 

uxury, malice, superetitioD, pride, 
ippreGsion, avarice, ambitian., id- 
enesa, and all the rice cha.t did abound 
^hen first they lived, scill haunts them under- 
ground. 

Had it Dot been for such a bias etrong, 
'wO tiationa ne'er had missed the mark so long. 
'he world in all doth but two nations bear, 
he good, the had, and those mixed everywhere ; 
^nder each pole place eillher of the two, 
he good will bravely, bad will basely, do i 
,nd few, indeed, can parallel o-or climes, 
or wurt^ heroic, or heroic crimes. 
'ht trial would, however, be too nice, 
^hich stronger were, a Scotch or English vice ; 

■ ' Ofitroy^d. ' Arcbbn'ihop Shtliloo. 



\ 



202 



POEMS AND SATIRES OF 



Or whether tiie same virtue would reflect, 
From Scotch or EDglish heart, the same cfFe 
Nation is a!] but name, a Shibb&leth, 
Wh^re a migtaken accent causes death. 
In Paiadise names only nature showed. 
At Babel oamee from pride apd discord flowpJ; 
And ever bidcc men, with a female spice, 
Firs^t call each other names, and thea they fig 
ScDtknd and England* cause of just uproar, 
Do man and wife signify rogue and whore I 
Say but a Scot and straight we fall to sides; 
That ayJlabk like a Piccs' wall diTides. 
Racionfil men's words pledges are of peace ; 
Perverted, Bcrve dissefisioB to increase. 
For aiiame ! extirpate from each loyal brcaat 
That senseless rancour, agaiost interest. 
One king) one faith, one language and one isWA 
English and Scotch, 'tis all hut cioas and pilc''! 
Charlee, our great soul,, this only understsndt] 
He our afFections both, and wilb, command [ 
And where twin-BympathieB cannot atone,' 
Knows the laat secret, how to make us one. 
Juat so the prudent liuabandman, that sees 
The idle tumult of his factiouB bees, 
The morfling dews, and flowers, neglected groi 
The hive a combat, every bee a drone. 
Powders them o'er till none discern their foes. 
And ail themselves in meal and friendship losei 
The in&ect kingdom straight begins tp thrive, 
Apd each worka honey for the common hive- 
Pardon, young hero, thig ho long transport, 
Thy death more noble did the sunn: extort. 

' Hearli and uili { two >ii}«i oflhic lame coin. 
' Recnndle or app¥ii*e, 



ANDREW MARVELL 



S03 



fy former satire' for this vcrac foi£«, 
Ay fuu!t against my recantaFiun set. 
i riitgie did against a tidtion write. 
Against a nation thou didst singly fight. 
My differing crime - dotb more thy virtue raise, 
Andt Buch my rashnesH, best thy valour praise. 

Here l>oug!as emiling fiaid, he did intend, 
After Huch ffankoeBS shown, to be his fnend ; 
Forewarned him therefore, lest in time he were 
MetempBycboBcd to Home Scotch Presbyter. 



r 



ARENDON'S H0USE-WARMING.3 



J [THEN Clarendon had diaccrri'ed beforehand 
V (As the cause can eaeily foretell the 
effect) 
once three deluges* threatening our land, 
Twas the aeason, he thought to turn architect. 

ii 
Us MaiA, and Apollo, ^nd VuIcaq cbmuRic: ; 
While he, the betrayer of England and 
FlaadeTB, 
Like ±e kingfisher chooseth to build in the 
broom, 
And nestles in fJames like the ealamandcrE. 



But observing that mortals run often behind 
( So unreasonable are the rates that they buy at), 

* I.e.,. Cleveland'). ' Cnme of crcaling differvaCM. 
» At CUrrndcd HAUit, 
I The Fire af Laaioa, the PUgue, and the Dutch Wir. 



30+ POEMS AND SATIRES OF 

His omnipoteDce therefore much rather designe 
How he might create a home with a liat, 



lea. ■ 

I 



But then recollecting how the harper Amphii 
Made Thebes dance aloft when he fiddled an<! 
sung, 
He thought, as an instrument he was moGi free 
on, 
To build with the Jew's'-tnimp of his own 
tongue. 



4 



Yet a precedent fitter in Virgil he fouod. 

Of African Poultney, and Tynan Oide; 
That he begged for a palace so much of hii 
ground, 
Ab might carry the measure and name of 
Hyde. 



ThuG daily his gouty inveatione him pained, 
And all for to aa^e the expenBea of brickbat! 

That engine so fata! which Denham had brai 
And too much resembled his wife's chocolate, 



« 



atefl 



' Sir WillUrn PouLEoey wii one of the awneri o 
land granted by thf King to Clarendon in June 1664 
the lite of h)« house. Dido, in order to build Canhajf. 
bouglitM muchgrouDdae coal^beeucloeed la a biiU'i Ajii, 
which «h« Cut up cnta &maLl thongs tad lo obtaincil • 
large ptccE oT land (^j^nt'id, i. ]fi7-S.) 

' ClircDiton'i daughter, the Diicheu of YprV, wit 
luppoicd to liBvc poimiied Liiiy Dcaham, DciUum 
hiutclf iiAd %tAt mad. 



m 



I 



r 



ANDREW MARVELL 



But wtile these devices he all doth coinpre, 
None solid enough seemed for his strong 
caacor j ' 
He himself would out dwell in a castle of air» 
Though he had built full many a one for his 
maEter, 



Already he had got all our money and cattle, 
To buy U8 for slaves, and to purchase our 
lands ; 

*hat Joseph by famine, he wrought by sea 
battle ; 
Nay, scarce the priest's portion could 'scape 
&om ilia h^fids. 



And henceforth like Pharaoh that Israel 
pressed 
To make mortar and brick, yet allowed 'em 
no Btraw, 
He cared not though Egypt's ten plagues ua 
distfeesed. 
So he could but to build make that policy 
^K law. 

XI 

The Scotch foics and Dunkirk, but that they 
were Ho!d» 
He would have demolished to raise up his 
walls ; 

' Btsvei, i.p,, builder. 



2d6 POEMS AND SATIRES OF 

Nay, e'en from Tangier have sent back for 
niQU.ld, 
But that he had nearer the stones of 
Paul's.' 

XII 

Hia wood would come in at the easier rate, 
So tong nft the yards had a deal or a spar : 

His friend in the navy would not be ingrate, 
To grudge him some timbeT^ who framed bim 
the war, 

XIII 

To proceed on thiK mudE^l, he callrd ifl 
Aliens,' 

The two Aliens, when jovial, who plj hill 
with gallons * 
The two Aliens who serve hia blind justice 
balance. 
The two Aliens who served his injustice : 
talon E. 

XIV 

They approved it thus far, and said it was finej 
Yet his lordship to finish it would be unable, 
Unless all abroad he divulged the design. 

For his house then would grow Hke i 
vegetable. 

■ During Clareadda'i minHlry the Scottish fori* hiil 
been lEcmoliiheiil ard Dunkirk^ Cromwell's conijueat, laid', 
whilK ejtp?ni(VP harbour works were carricj] oul «i 
Taoeier, a usekai place, farming the dowry of Charli 
II, '■ quceOf whom CkrcniioD hnd introduced. 

Osrencloa Home wo* built of itonei purchm^d 
mutcriil that ba4 fint bren intended for the npalT of 

' Protably Sil Alan h^\ni a-nn Si-^ MM.t*o6ttw^i 



ANDREW MARVELL 



»o7 



XV 

more 



in arrear run to 



tiiB rcot would ao 

Wur'ster j' 
He ghould dwell more noble and cheap too 

at home, 
'^hile into a fabric the prcsenEG would muster i 
Ab by hook aod by crook the world clustered 
of atom. 

XV i 

le liked tbe advice and then bodei it aBsayed, 
And presents crowd headlong to give good 
example, 
the bribes overlaid hcf that Rome oiice 
betrayed ; 
The tribes ne'er cootributed bo to the Temple. 
xvn 
Itraight judges, priests, biahops, true sons of 
tlie Heal, 
Sinoers, governors, farmers, batikerd, patentees, 
Bring in the whole milk of a year to a meal, 
Ae a\i Cheddar cSub's dairy to the incor- 
porate cbeeee, 

XVIll 

Julteale's,^ Beaketi's, Morlcy's, Wren's fingers 
with telling. 
Were 'shrivelled, and Clutterbuck'a, Eager'a, 
and Kipps's ; 

' Before the paUce wai fiaJiheW Clartndoii lived iq 
ihc Eirl Af WarceatGf'i ittrnte Itt the Straad. 

'John Buttcalc, M. P. fot Lwtwithiel; Beaten ii 
pptlibly meant for fieachim ; Colonel Murley ; Malthcw 
"Wren, CUrendoji'* lectetary ; AldeTinan Sir Thomai 

ICluilerbuik ; anil Kippa, ClarEflitOfl'a lti!-Sea.TW, K 
K>£ copy includei Pep/t'a nanie, 



io8 



POEMS 



o! 



Since the act of oblivion was never such gelling,] 
fis 3t this beneyolence out of the iiQiuB. 



'Twas then that the chimney- com raciors 

smoked,' 

Nor would take his beloved canary in kind; 
But he Hwofe that tte patent should ne'er t* 

revoked, 
No, would the whole parliament kiss himbchinl. 

XX 

L'tke Jove under iEi^Dao'erwhflmmg the giam, 
For foundation the Bristol sunk ia dw 
earth's bowel ; 
And St John must now for the leade be com- 
pliant. 
Or hin right hand shall else be cut ofl with i 
trowel. 



For surveying the building, 'twas Prat did tKt 
feat ; 
But for the expense he relied on Worstrr>« 
hoi me, ^ 

Who aat heretofore at the King's receipt. 
But received now and paid the Chancellor 'i 
cuBtom. 



KXll 



I 



By subsidies thus both cleric and laic, 

And with matter profane cemented with ho! 

He finished at last his palace mosaic* 

By a model more excellent than L.esly*i fbll|. 

' Punished, 

* Sir John Woleicnh<i\cnt, CoUwAm eA ^a.w.Mni.. 



ANDREW MARVELL J09 



ad upon the lerrace to conBUmmaie alfc, 

A lantern like Faux'a surveys the burnt 

tOWTl, 

Lnd sfaowB on the top b^ the regal gilt b:iJl, 
Where you are to expect the aceptre aod 

CfOWD. 

XXIT 

pond city, its rubbish and ruia^ that builds. 
Like vain chemms, a ilower from iu ashes 
returniflg, 
rour metropolia hoase is in St James's fields, 
And till there you remove, you ahali never 
leave burning. 



Phis temple of war and of peace is the shrine, 
Where thia idol of state Bits adored and 
accursed ;. 

iad to handsel his altar and noatrila dgvine, 
Great Buckingham's sacrifice must be the 
first.' 

XXVI 

low »ome (as all butMcrs muAt censure abide) 
Throw dust on its front and hhrne situation j 
nd others aa much reprehend his back-eidej' 
A$ ioQ narrow by far for hia expatiation ; 

MThe Duke of Buclcingham wis charged with ircaion 
i 1667, but releMcul PR ihe mtercniion of Lady Cutle- 
■int. 

* Baefc gar den, 
O 



2IO POEMS AND SATIRES OF 

KJtVIl 

But da not consider how in process of times, 
Tbutfur nameeike he msy with Hyde Parti 
enlarge, 

And with what convenience he heace, for 
crimes, 

Ac Tyburn may land and spare the To 
barge, 

XXVI 11 

Or rather how wisely his stall vras built near, 

Leet with driving too far his tallow impairi 

When, lilce the whole ox, for public 

cheer, 
He comea to be roasted test St James's fiirj 



UPON HIS HOUSE 

HERE lie the sacred bones 
Of Paul beguilM of his stones : 
Here lie golden briberies. 
The price of ruined familieB ; ' 
The cavalier's delbenture wal^ 
Fixed on an eccentric basifl ; 
Here's Dunkirk Town^ acid Tangier Hall, 
The Queen's marriage and all, 
The Dutchman's templum pacis.^ 

' Cld.rendan wai iLppQied Co h^ve received bribci ^'' 
thmc who had "hzea eofichcd by Lht spail of the eanlin' 
familUs -when the Act of Oblivion wai being potted, 

'The pstace wa« nicknamed: Dunkirk Hou^e, bK»< 
it w^a reporteii that Clarendon had buill it Mrtih 
iJiare of Uic price o£ Dankirk 

3 It was also saW W vcwiti moiitT W iVe 
to treaif for peace. 



I 



ANDREW MARVELL 



311 



EPIGRAM UPON HIS GRAND- 
CHILDREN' 

ENDAL is dead, and Cambridge riding 
pofit; 
bat filter »acnJiCe for Denhain'ii ghost? 



tRTHER INSTRUCTIONS TO A 

PAINTER 

AINTER, once more thy pencil reassume. 
And draw me, in aae aesue, LQados and 
Rome; 
HeiCi boly Charles,^ thete guod AureliuG sat« 
Mourning to see their sons degenerate ; 
The Romans caking up the fencer's trade, 
The Britons jigging it in masquerade j 
Whilst the brave youths, tired with the toil of 

stafe^ 
Their weary minds and limbs to recreate, 
Rq to their more tietoved delights repaifi 
fc^pe to bis wench, the other to bis player, 
^^FThen change the scene, aod tec the next 
^^ present 
A landekip of our motley Parliameat ; 

■ Tht Duke Qf Kendal died qd, the s6th of M&y 1667 
and ibc Diikc of CamliWdg« veaa aM expected la live; 
they w«re Lh? children of Ann Hyde, the Duchcu of 
York, Th? ppiiooing of Laciy DeDham was by som* 
aCiributciI to Roch»ter*a wife and not to the Ducheia of 
Vo.rk. 



Zli 



POEMS AND SATIRES OF 



And place, hard by the bar, oa the left hand, 
Circean Clifford ' with hia charming wand; 
Our pig-eyed Duncorabe,' in his Dover faahif 
Set by the wor£.t attorney of our nation,' 
This great triumvirate that caQ divide 
The spoils of England ; and along that ride 
Pkce Faistaff's fegimcnt of threadbare eoati, 
All looking, thJB way, how to give their voter 
And of his dear reward tet none despair, 
For money comes when Seymour'' leaves the cl 
Chainge once again, and Itt the scene affunl 
The figure of a drunken council-board 
At Arlington's, and round abi^ut it sat 
Our mighty mastera in a warm debate. 
Full bowls of JufiCy wine make them repeat) 
To make th« other council-board forget 
That whilst the King of France with powerfu]«ntii 
FrighteoA all Christendom with fresh alartni, 
We in our gloriouB bacchanals dispose 
The humble fate of a piebe-ian case ; 5 
Which to effect, when thus it was decreed. 
Draw me a champion mounled on a steed : 
And after him a brave brigade of horse, 
Armed at all points, ready to reinforce 

• Lord Clifford, Lnrd High T«aiurer. 

'Sir John Dunnnnb«,a Commiwioner of the TreafBie 

Set page iSj. 

3 Sir Hen-cage Finch. 

iSir E'lward Seymour wai now Spiaker, 
^In December 1670, Sii jfohn Coventry who had, Mi 
gucelion of ta King thf plaj'house*, ironically nrfEm^ • 
the Houic to the KJng'i araaurs with the nrr— • — 
was wsylaid by a troop of aoldicri, command'.' 
Thomas Saadys anri. O'tt^^a *ie '^aA ^A \vw;v.'. .- m > 
son, whc cut off b\» no»c. 




ANDREW MARVELL 



*i3 



'he body of foot that waa to have the van, 

chis assault upon a single man. 
This, this, must make O'Bryan great in story, 
tnd add more beams to Saody's former glnry. 
Draw oUr Olyitipia ' nest, in couficil set 
Tith Cupid- Seymour,^ and the fool of state : 
^wo of tbe first rec»nters of the house, 
: hat aim at niountains, and bring forth a mouse ; 
Tbo make it, by their mean relreat, appear 
■'ive members need not be demanded here. 
rhese must aesist bet in her countermines, 
overthrow the Derby House designs; ^ 
'"hilst Poaitive ■' walks, like woodcock in the 

dark, 

'ootrlviog ffojects with a brewer'a clerk ; ^ 
rhus all employ themselTes, and, without pity, 
•eaTC Terajp'le singly to be beat ia the city. 



ON BLOOD'S STEALING THE 
CROWN 

'HEN daring Blood/^ his rent to have 
regained, 
Jpon the English diadem distrained) 

' Lady Castlcmii.nei thEn Dvichcgs ciF ClevrliiniK 
- Sir Edwird Seymour was thought 1o have jaincil the 
»tiri part>- 
^Repiiblicir ploti. 

'Sir Rubcrt Howard, a vroortcock memt limplelon. 
'Sir Wi]liarn Bncknatl, a brewer ; he and Howard hid 
firming of ihc Cvitoms in i £70, 
' On ^th May i67i,C&iQneI Bloorf weal to tJie Tower, 
eteniilnt he wa* curious (o see the tegaVia. Kfter 
(Ac keeper he bo/rily wnLkeil w'lt^ ti'i* b^oW 



ii4 POEMS AND SATIRES OF 

He cboee the casEock, eurcisgEe, and gown, 
The fittest maak ibi one that robs the crown. 
Buc hiB by-pity underneath prevaiJed, 
And whilst he &aved the keeper's life he &ilc<l| 
Witb che priest'a veEimeot had he but put on 
The prelate's cnielcy, the crown had goae. 



ROYAL RESOLUTIONS 

WHEN the plate was at pawti, aod the : 
at bw ebb, 
And tte spider might weave in our stomacb 

web, 
And ouf pockets as empty aa brain : 
Then Charles without acre, 
Made these vowb ito his Maker ; — 
If" e'er I see Engknd a-gain. 

I 

I will hav'? a religion then al3 of my own. 
Whether Popish or Protestant eball cot 

known. 
And if it grow troubieEom«, I will have aone. 



I will have a fine Farliament always to frieti. 
And furnish me treasure as fast as I spend, 
But when they will not, they shall have aa en 

pa,»t the guards, and was only tftken through 
bone ace iileu tally faUmg rloWn. Ai » pUQiibBaeot 
Wit a/terwarde gi'^sn eiuiUi "™ "^kWiiA -wanh ,Csoo 



ANDREW MARVELL 



215 



1 will have 38 line bisfaops ae were e'er rnade with 
hands, 

''ith ccnscieBceB flexible to my coniniaads, 
iut if they diGpleaee me I'll have all tbcir lands. 



II witt have my Chancellor ' bear all the sway, 
^ct if man abouJd clamour I'll pack him away, 
A-nd yet call him home again booq as I may. 
I: 



wilE hare a doe navy to conquer the seas, 
kod the Dutch shall give caution for their Pro- 
vinces, 

I But if they ehould beat me — I'll do what they 
I please. 
L* 
But 



will have a new London instead of the old, 
'*ith wide gtreets and uoiform to my own mould ; 
\ui if they build it too fast, T will soou make 
thtm hold. 



I will have a fine bob' in making though marred, 
If not o'er a kingdom, to reign o'er my Guard. 
And successor, if not to me, to Gerard. 






I wilt hare a fine Court with ne'er an old fece, 
Aod always who bearcle me shall have the next 
grace, 
dd I either will vacate or buy him a ptac£> 



' The EirL of Claircndon, 

The Duke at Monmoutb. He «iicce«de4 l.Qt4 
■nr/f at Captaio of the CLBrdi in i64$. 



2i6 POEMS AND SATIRES OF 



I will have a Privy Purse,' without a control; 
I'll wink all the while my rcr&nue h 6.tolt, 
And if AtLj be queatioTied, Til answer the wholci 



I will have a Privy Council to Dit always 6till : 
I will have a fine Juato' to <lo what I will: 
I'll hare two line secretaries (using} one quill. 



But whatever it cost me I will haw a tine wh— 
As bold as Alice Pierce, Imd as fair as Javej 

Shore, 
And when I am weary of her, I'll have mwe. i 



^iVliich if ai]y bold commoner-^ dare to oppOK, 
I']l order my bravoB to cut off his oose. 
Though for't I a braii'ch of prerogative lose. 



Of my pimp I will make my Minister Premietjl 
My bawd shall arabaBsadoTs send far and oear. 
And my wench shall dispose of the cfin^ge d'rfiriS 

' Ba}itiit May wa* Keeper of the Privy Purae. 

'' Heneagi! Finch, Dauby,, Lauderdale^ Arlin^oa. Uii 
WiHinm Coventry. 

^ Alluding to tb« ataault «n Sir John Cavemry 
remarking indirectly on Nell Gywnn aad MolL Davit. 

+ Sir HcDry fi'Fnnet, Sifterwnrdi LpH J^rlJnEt&O, wB 
helped K mana.gc ibe ^.^tk^'t xawutM. 
i Iifojninstion oJ bis^o'^. 



ANDREW MARVELL 



' this pleB^ee not, I'll retgn upon any condicion, 
Uss and I wilE both learn to Jive oa exhibition, 
tod I'll first put rhe Church, then the Crown in 
coitimisEion.' 



will have s fine tunic, a sash and a vest : 
'hough not rule like the Turk, yet 1 will be so 
dzefised, 

1 who knowB but the mode may Eoon bring in 

[the re«t! 



xvt 

have a fine pond,- and a pretty decoy, 
?here the duekfi and the dlrakes may their f'rce- 

dam cbjoy, 
od quack in their lacguage still Vive |e Roi, 



he 3.ncient nobihty I will lay by, 

nd new ODH create great peaces to supply 

h&t they may fortunes raise to my owd try. 



ftVlll 

imc one I'll advance from a common descent-' 
> high that he shall hector the Parliament. 
nd all wholesome laws for the public prevent. 

• Phati in the charge of > body of [icrxvae. inatcid of 

t COKititutiOnal admin Lstratoi. 

' In Si, Jamcs'j Park. 

t Sir Tbomaa Oitiprnp. 8fterwar<1i Lord Utnb^ tn^ 

la £>oJif of Leet!t. 



2i8 POEMS AMD SATIRES OF 



XIX 



And I will assert him to such a degree 

ThaC all hiE tbul treaeone, tbougb daring they be 

Under my hand and seal shall have indemnity. 



I'll wholly abaadon alt public alTaiia, 
And pass all my time with buSijoDs and playeii. 
And eaimLer to Netly when I should be it 
prayers. 



AN HISTORICAL POEM 

OF a tall stature, ancL of sable hue. 
Much like the 90d of Kish, and that lo 
Jew, 

Twelve years complete be ' suffered in citile. 
And kept hi« father's asses ' all the while ; 
At length, by wonderful impulse of fate, 
The people call him home to help the stale^ 
And, what is more, they send him money too. 
And clothe him all, from head to foot, anew. 
Nor did he such small favours then diedain, 
Who in his thirtieth year began, to reign: 
In a slaHhed doublet then he came ashore. 
And dubbed poo: Palmer's wife 3 his roya 

w , 

Bishops, and deans, peers, pimps, and kaij 

he made, 
Thinge highly fitting for a monarch^a uadel 

' Charles ir. 

* His fathM'* cuiineVAot*— U-Tlcj «c, 

3 The future Dvic^iM^ Q^ C\t-j<iMi.4. 



ANDREW MARVELL 



119 




W 



With women, Wine, and viands of delight, 
His jolly vassals feast him day and night. 
Bui the best times have ever some a'loy, 
His younger brother ' died by treachery. 
And his Dutcb sister ^ quickly after died 
Hot ID her nature and of waatDn pride. 
Bold JameB survives, no dangers makehlni flinch ; 
He marriea Sigmor Falmauth'e pregoant wench. ^ 
The pious mother {]ueeD,'t hearisg her bod 
Was thus enamoured with a buttered bun, 
And that the fieet was gone, in pomp and state. 
To fetch, ibr Charles, the flowery Lisbon 

Kate.s 
She cKatltil TV Dfum, and so ^omes awB.y, 
To wiah tier hopeful taaue timely joy. 

et most uxorious mate she ruled of old, 
hy not with easy youngsters make a» bold ? 
From the French Court ehe haughty topics brings, 
Ueludee their pliant nature with vain things ; 
Her mischief-breeding breast did so prevail, 
The pew-got Flemish town * was ee: to sale ; 
For these, and Jermya's sin&f ^ she founds a 

church, 
£iQ slipe away, and leaves us in the lurch. 

ow the Court-sinB did every place defile, 



Dulte of Gloucester, 

' PrinceH of Orsnge. 

' It wM allcgtcl that before the Dulte of York married 
Anne Hyde ihe UaA liid rclBlions with Sir Chartei 
fierkelcjr, ifterwar^la Lord Faimoiith^ 

< HcniicEta Mifia D|)posed Uie marriBgc. 

s Queen Katlicrine. 

* Dunkirk, 

^ Lnti St AJHfij» wsj tapfOKi to be nutied Ui ^V's 
Qmeit Doftger. 



ZEO 



POEMS AKD SATIRES OF 



And plagues and war fell heavy on oar isle ; 
Pride nourished folly, folly, a deEight, 
With the Bataviao. Commonwealth to fight ; 
Buc the Dutch fleet fled suddenly with fear. 
Death and the Duke so dreadful did appeal. 
The dreadfiil victor took his soft repgae. 
Scorning pursuit of such mechanic foes. 

But now the Duke of York grew over hot, 
With Denbam, acd Carnegie's infected ploi,' 
Which, with religion, eo inflaimed hia ire. 
He left the city when 'twas got on fire. 
So Philip's BOO, inflamed with a mi&s, 
Burned down the palace of Persepolifl. 
Foiled tfcuB by Venus, he Bellona woos. 
And with the Dutch a second war renews; 
But here his Ffeach-brcd prowess pfoTcd in vaii 
De Ruytef claps him in Solebay ^ again, 

This isle wns welt reformed, apd ^flt 
renown. 
Whilst the brave Tudore wore the irape^inl 

crown ; 
But since the JH-goc race of Stuatta came. 
It huB recoiled to Popery and Ehame j 
Misguided monorcha, rarely wise or just. 
Tainted with pride, or with impetuous Iiiat* 

Should we the Blackheath project here relate. 
Or count the Tarious blemishes of slate. 
My muae would on the reader's patience grkle. 

' Sec Grammoot's MrmBtri, cb. viii. 1 h»vc aot I 
lo tlie teni of lioe 43, 

- The bnttk of Soiild Bay was I'oDght in 1671,. 

> In 1673 A great camp ai Bbi.'kh«r«tli wm foimed 

iitrudt Hollan-d, ot, a.» mati'j iViw^V, Vq totu^jitt l,o 
a/irf ParJiareient anii mAe xht ¥.viv? »^5t,^^ll•^t. 



pwini 



ANDREW MARVELL 



231 



The poor Priapua King, led by the nose, 
Looks as 3 thing set up to scare the crowa ; 
Yet, in the mimics of the spirtrian sportj 
^^Ouidoes TJberiuB, and hia goatish Court. 

^B The senate, which should headstrong princes 

H[ stay, 

^^X.et loose the reins, afid give the realm away, 
With liTish hands they constant tributes give. 
And annual stipends for Uieir guik receive ; 
Corrupt with gold, tJjey wives an-d daughters bring 
To the black idol ' for an offering. 

L Ail but religiiouB cheutB might justly swear, 
He true vicegerent to old Moloch were. 

^^^ PriestH were the first deludcrs of mankind, 

^Hi^ho with vain (kith made all their reason bliod ; 

|™Not Lucifer himBelfmore proud than they, 
Aad yet persuade the world they must obey ; 
'Oainst avarice and luxury coHiplain, 
And practise all the vices they arraign. 
K-icheB and honour they from laymen reap, 
And with dull crambo feecT thie silly Bh'eep. 
As Killigrew^ buffoons hts master, they 
Droll on their god, but a. much duller way. 
With hocuB-pocuG, and their heavenly sleight. 
They gain on tender conBciencea at right. 
Whoever has an over-zealous wife 
Becomes the priest's Amphitryo ^ during life. 
Who would Buch men Heayen'smesseogersbcliieve, 

th* 

[ 



•Chirlci II. 

' Thomat KiJHgrcw, jciicr and pliywright; grooin of 
th* b^dtliJiaW to Oie King, 



POEMS AND SATIRES OF 



Baa]'B wretched cur.iiea legerdemained it so, 
And never durat their tricks above-board shan. 

When our first pareTsts Paradise did grace. 
The serpent was the prelate of the place; 
Food Eve did, for thra subtle tempter's sake. 
From the forbiddea tret the pippin taltt ; 
His God and Lord this preacher did betray. 
To liaise the weaker vesBc! made his prey. 
Since death and sin did human nature blot, 
The chiefest blessings Adam's chaplain got. 

Thrice wretched they, wiho nature-'s lawi 
deteu, 
To tread the faataetic mazes of a prieet, 
Till Dative reason's basely forced to yield. 
And hosts of upstart errors gain the 6eld, 

My muse presumed a little to digress, 
And touch their holy function ivith her verse. 
Now to the state she tenda again direct. 
And does On giant Lauderdale ' reject. 
This haughty moniter, with his Ugly clawR, 
First tempered poison to destroy our laws; 
Declare? the council'a edicta are beyond 
The most authentic statutes of the land ; 
Sets up ia Scotland a la mocfe tie France i 
Taxes, excise, and armieB does advance. 
This Saracen his country's freedom broke. 
To bring upon their necks the heavier yoke; 
This ia the savage pimp, without dispute. 
First brought his mother for a prostitute j 
Of all the miscreantB ever went to hell. 
This villaiai rampant bears away the bell. 

'The Duke of Laud«:rdale, who, with AjchWhof 
Sharp, was cndeavoMnnfetu ravaWvfc ^jic ^ni^isV C WA 
iJi ScptUnd by pcKtcuVm^ tk« 'ttwcMtAci* ^— 



v.««i^i 



ANDREW MARVELL 



233 



deplore the- nation's fate, 



Now muBt my muse 

mate. 
The royal evil bo malignant grows, 
Nothing the dire conugicm can oppose.. 
In our weal-public scarce one thing aucceeds, 
For one man e weakne&s a whole nation bteedft ; 
Ilt-lucic warts up, and thrives liite evil weeds. 
Let Cromwell'sghost smile with contempt, to see 
Otd England truckling under Klavery, 

His meagre Highness, now he's got aGtridei 
!Does on Britannia, as on Churchill, ride — ' 
White-livered Danby,' for his swift jackall 
To hum down's prey — and hope to raaater all. 

Clifford and Hyde before had loet the day ; 

tOne hanged himself, and t' other ran away. 
fTwafl want of wit and courage made tfcem fail, 
But OBborne,^ and the Duke, must needa pre- 
vail. 
The Duke now vaunts with Popish myrmidona; 
Our fleets, our ports, our cities and our townit, 
Are manned by him, or by his Holineds; 
Bold IriHh ruffians to hia Court address. 
This is the colony to plant his knaves, 
From hence he picks and culls hia murdering 

brares. 
Here for an en»ign'8, or lieutenant's place, 
They'll kill a judge or juBtice of the peace. 

' Anather of the Dukt of York's miitrejtcs. 

'Sir Thomaa OBborue, ilierwirila Lord Danby i.i)d 

«kf of Lwds. F/pm 167J to 1678 fee practically 

javeraed the cc>untry, and ende^V'Sured la k«.tp Porlii- 

mcnt is ju1>jccliaD by hribing the menttim. He wai ■ 

party to ibc Mcrci French treaty at 1676. 

^ Lord Clifford, Orborne't predeccHOT,b&d cobudaUs^ 
raiadti tad Citnadoa htd rctrcttcd to the Cotrtmcn'U 



fc 



224 



POEMS AND SATIRES OF 



At hU CoitimaDtl Mac ' Wiil do asty thing - 
He'll burn a city, or destroy a King. 
From Tiber came the advice-boat monthly honit, 
And brought new Icssohb to the Dulte fro 

Rome. 
Here* with curat precepts, and wiUi ci 

dire. 

The godly-cheat, king-would-be, did aspire; 
Tells him the holy church demands his aid. 
Heaven had him chiettain of Great Britain mi 
Bids him be bold, all dangers to defy. 
His brother,- sneaking heretic, shall die ; 
A priest shall do it, from whose aacred stroke 
All England ntr^ight should fall beneath 

yoke; 

God did renounce him, and Eiie cause disown, 
And in hib stead had placed hirq on his throiie,j 
From Saul the bed of prooiige thus was rem, 
Aad Jeaae's son placed in the ggvcrnmem. 
The Holy Scripture vindJcateH his cause. 
And monarchs are above all human laws. 

Thus eaid the Scarlet Whore to her galkni, 
Who straight designed his brother to supplant. 
Fienda of ambition here his soul possessed. 
And thirst of empire caleotured^ hia breast. 

Hence ruin and destruction bad ensued* 
And all the people been in blood, imbraed. 
Had not Almighty Pro'vidence drawQ near, 
And stopped hie malice in hiE full career. 

' The Iriih. 

' ChikrlcB IL. MarvcLl, like mail men, thoughl 

King a mcmbcfofcht En^Uth Church, though, ai » trail 

of fact, he wai a.s tnuc^i a ?jaB»a.o Cittolic ai his brallia 

bat wa« afraid to own ix. 

* WroDBht a fever m. 



^ift 



ANDREW MARVELL 



225 



£e wise, ye sons of m«n, renipt Gnd no more 
b give yau kings in 's wrath to vex you sore; 

a King's brother can Buch mischiefs bring, 
hen how much, greater mischiefs such a. 
King! 



ADVICE TO A PAINTER, 
rO DRAW THE DUKE OF YORK 



^PREAD a large caftvaa, Painter, to contain, 
B, The gre^i assembly and the tiumerouB 

■ train, 

fho all about him ' shall io council sit, 
ibjuring wisdom, and deapisipg wit ; 
LaUDg all juBtice, and resolved to iigbt, 
'a rob his native country of iia right. 

First draw him falling prostrate to the south, 
Ldoring Rome, this label in hi& mouth. — 

Most holy Father ! belog joined in league 
I'ith Father Patrick, Derby,^ and with 

Teague,5 
'hfown at your hiicred feet, I humbly bow, 
^pd the wi»e associates of tny vow, 

HfIc Duke. This lAtiK appcAfa to have been written 
^1674 after the No Pnpcry igitation ttiit led to the 
anag of the Test Ad, and the resignstion of ihf Dqke 

■ Vorkand Loirt Clilfocd, 

'Some copies read Petif, the intriguiag JcBuit Cgn* 
MOT to the Diikc, anJ Dsjiby (Oiborne}, the Lord 
ijjh TreaiuTer, whoi cd page »3i !■ CRll«<t t&« DixW* 
ckalJ. 
» TJ>e ltl»h. 



2a6 POEMS AND SATIRES OF 

I swear not fire nor sword sh^tl ever end. 
Till a.11 thiii oatioQ to your footstool bend. 
Armed with bold zeal and bleeeingB from you 

hands, 
ril raiee my Irish and my Popish baadB, 
And by a noble- well-contrived plot, 
Managed by wise Fitz-Gcrrard, and by SconJ 
Prose to the world 1*11 have Old Englaod ko<« 
Tbat common aente is my eternal foe. 
I ne'er can fight in a more glorious cause, 
Than to destroy their hberties and lawE, 
Their House of ComnioD?, and their House 

Lo'rds, 
Their parchment precedents, and dull records. 
Shall these men dare to contradict my will. 
And think a prince o* the blood cac e'er do ill] 
It is our birthrighL Co have power to kill. 
Shall these m^en dare to think, shall these decid 
The way to heaven, and who ehall be my goidrl 
Shali ibese pretend to say thfit bread is brtad, 
If we affirm it is a god indeed ? 
Or there's no Purgatory for the dead ? 
That extreme unction is bsit common oi! ? 
And not infatlible the Romin soil I 
I'll have these villains in our notioDG rest i 
You and I say it, therefore it is best." 

Nex.t, Fainter, draw hi$ MordauDt ' by bis siij* 
Conveying his religion and his bride: 
He, who long since abjured the royal line, 
Does now in Popery with his master join. 

■ Ctilonel FitE-Geral'l, Deputy Governor of Tddpe 
and Colonel John Scott. 

'la November 1673 ihe Ear] of Peferborough tnoaij 
over Jamo'i lecond vfih, Mary d'Cste, ■la'jgblet of 1 

Duke t>f Modenu. 



m 



ANDREW MARVELL 



227 






Pcjor princess, born ucdei some sullea star, 
Tq find ttiB welcome whe-n you came so far '. 
Better some jealous neighbonr of your own 
Had called yuu to some sound, though petty 

throue ; 
Where, 'twixt a wholesome husbaod and a 
page, 
Du migbE hare liogered out a lazy age, 
Than on dull hapea of being here s. queen, 
Die bet'ore twenty^ roc before lifieen. 

Now, Painter, stuow ue in tfcc blackeflt dyc^ 
The COUBsellora of al! thi§ villjliny. 

Clifford,' who first appeared in tumble guiae. 
3S thought so meek, so modest and so wise ; 
ut when he came to act upon the stage, 
e proved the mad Cethegus ^ of our age. 
e and the Duke had each coo great a miad 
'o be by justice or by law conliDed : 
'heir boiling heads can hear no other sounds, 
han JleetB and armieB, battles, blood, and 

wound a : 

nd to destroy our liberty they hope, 
<y Iriaih fools, and an old doting Fope< 
Next, Talbot i must by his great master 

etafld, 

oaden with folly, l!eah, and ill-got land; 
e's of a siie indeed to iill a porch, 
ut ne'er can make a pillar of the church. 



* Lord Ctiffbrd, Lord High Treuui«r. 

'A coRspirBlgt with C"tiline ; if Salliist, Car. 17. 

sRkhar!! TaibDt, aftetwsrdi Duke of Tyfuonncl, waj 
ic 'Ol the Duki: ol York's cuntiilantip tni cominaiiilei- 
p-chie( in Ireland in 16S;. 



2i8 POEMS AND SATIRES OF 

Hie fiword is all his argument, and not his boot ; 
Although tio scholar, he can act che cook, 
And will cut throats again, if he be paid ; 
In the Irish shambles he first learned the trade. 

Then, Painter, ehow thy skilJj and in fit plact 
Let's sec the duficid Arundel's ' s*eet face; 
Let the bcholder§ by thy art espy 
His acnse and sou!, aa squinting as his eye. 

Let Bellasis's ^ autumnal face be Been, 
Rich with the spoils of a. poor Algerine, 
Who, trusting in him, was by hira betrayed; 
And ea should we, were hts advice obeyed. 
The hero once got honour by the sword: 
He got his wealth by breaking of hie word. 

Next, Painter, draw the rabble of ihe plor; 
Jerrnynt Fitz-Gerald, LoftaSf Porte;r, ScoH;. 
These are fit heads indeed to turn a state. 
And cliiaoge the oTder of a nation's fatu j 
Tea thousand such as these can ne'er control 
The smalleBt atom of an English soul. 

Old England on its strong foundation BCandh 
Defying all their heads and all their hands; 
Its steady basis never could be ehook. 
When wiser heads its ruin undertook ; 



< LoiJ Arundel, who wet ittfi^u^ to look after 
papal ijiteresti at the English court. 

'John Lord BdsynE, Sn\ Lonl of the Treijury mi 
James II. 

»Heni)' Jtrmyn, Earl of DoV« ; Colonel Fit 
and Colonel Joh.ii Scolt ; Charlcg Porter, after 
ChaoSElllor of Ireland. EveLyn mentions a Mt Loftai] 
coonectiaii with Lord Mordauni's citale, but Du 
Loftai, the Iriih M^F- and jumt, may be intended. 



itf^A 



ANDREW MARVELL 



aJ9 



And can her guardiaa angei let her stoop 
At last to fools, to madmen, and the Pope? 
No, Paiacer, do ! close up thy piece, and eee 
XbiB crowd of traitors hang in effigy. 



TO THE KING 



RE AT Charles,' -v/ha full of mercy mighc'st 
_ ^ command 

In peace and pleasure this thy native land, 
At last take pity on tliy tottering throne, 
Shook by the fsults of others, not thy own j 
Let not thy life and crown together end, 
Destroyed by a false brother, and false friend. 
Observe the danger that appears bo neax. 
And that your Bub;eciB do each minute fear : 
A drop of poison, or a Popiah knife, 
Ends all the joys of England with your life. 
Brothers, 'tis true, should be by saiure kiod; 
But to a zealous and ambitious mind, 
Bribed by a crown on earth, and one above, 
There's no more friendship, teaderness, or tove. 
See in all ages what eJcarajplea are 
Of monarchs murdered by the impatient Jiclr. 
Haid fate of princes, who will ne'er believe, 
^'ill the stroke's struck which they can ne'er 
retrieve ! 

■ It i» now known that Charles 11, , the Puke p/ YotIi, 
and Loni«An]nde).ClJlf'(>ii)and Arlington, huA, in 1669, 
arranged to eatabliili the Roinao Catholic religion ia 
Efiglnriil by meana of in army to lie prouiiled bj 1-cwU 
IV- 



i^o POEMS AND SATIRES OF 



BRITANNIA AND RALEIGH 

DRrVANNIji. AJ] ! Ratdgh, when 
breath thou didst resign 
To trembling James,' would 1 had quitted mill 
Cubs didst thou call thetri ? ' Hadlst thou 

thiB brood 
Of earla^ and dukee, aod princes of the blood, i 
No more of Scottish race thou 1*0014*81 cofl 

plain, 
Those would be blessings in this spurious rag 
Awake, arise from thy long blest repose, 
Once more With me partake of mortal woes ! 

Raii'^h. What mighty power has forced 

from my rest ? 
Ah ! mighty queeo, why ao untimely dresiut? 

Britannia. Favoured by night, concealed in tbw 

disguise. 
Whilst the lewd Court in drunken slumber liMi 
I stole away^ and neyer will retnrn. 
Till England koowB who did her city burn; 
Till cavaliers ahall favourites be deemed. 
And loyal sufFerera by the Court esteemed; 

' James l- 

' Raleigh was charged with tkFmg auociaUi) with L^ 
Cobham and Gcoi^e firooLte, wlio were aa.lA to ^'" 
made Etc tliiCcmcdit ihal " thtrt ntver woulfj be i gM 
world in Eagland till tbc King and hia cubi wetv uks 
awiiy." 



ANDREW MARVELL 



231 



I 



ill Lee and Garroway ' ehall bribes reject ; 
Till golden Osborne cheating ahall detect j 
Till atheist Lauderdale^ shall leave thia land. 
Tilt Commons' votes- shall cut-nusc gu3.rds dis- 
band : ^ 
Till Kate'' a happy mother stiall tjecome, 
Till Charles loves PaTliamenis, and James hatea 
Rome. 






(ihigb. What fktal Crimea make yau for ever fly 
our once loved Court, and martyr's progeny ? 

Sritannia. Acolony of French possess the Court i 
Pimps, priests, buffoons, i' theprivy-chsmberspon. 
Sych slimy monsters ne'er approached a throne 
SiDce Pharaoh's reigo, nor so defiled a crown. 
V the sacred ear tyrannic arta they croak, 
Feivert hie mind, bis good intentioas choke ; 
Tell him of golden ladies, fairy lands, 
Leviathan,-^ and ahsoluEe commands, 
Tims, fairy-like, the King they aieal away. 
And in his room a Lewia changeling lay. 
How oft have I him to himficlf restored. 
Id's left the scale, Tn's right hand, placed the 

sword ? 
Taught him their use, what dangers would efisue 
To those that tried to separate these two ? 
he bloody Scottish chronicle turned o'er, 

' Sir Thomai Lee and WLlliom Garroway, two of the 
country membert whom Otborne the Lord High Treaanr<r 
had wan over by bfifcei. 

' Tht Duke of Lsuarnlalc. 

S Rfferring to ihe outrage on Sir Jnho Coventry. 

* ChiTlea ll.'i qu«cn wi» chiliJlH». 

i Referring ta HDbbEt'iwi:>rk of this name advontiug > 
ipotwm. M jTcat fl« that ol Lewis XFV. 



131 POEMS AND SATIRES OF 

Showed him hew many kiogs, in purple gore, 
Were hurled to hell, by teaming tyrant \att'. 
The other day famed Spenser I did bring, 
In lofty noies Tudor's ' blest reign to sing; 
How Spain's proud powers her virgin mms con- 
trolled. 
And goldep days iq peaceful order rolled ; 
How like ripe fmit she dropped from off" he 

throDe, 
Full of gray hairs, good d^eds, aod great rcEiowii. 
Ab the Jesseaci hero did appease 
Saui'R BCormy rage, aod cbeck his black disease, 
So the learo'd bitrd, with artful song, repreastd 
The flwetling pasaiuns of hie cankered breasi. 
And in hia heart kind influcncea shed 
Of country's lore, by truth and justice Sred, 
Then to conlitiii the cure so well begun. 
To him r showed this glorious setting sun; 
How, by her pcopIe*B looks pursued from ftr, 
She mounted on a bright celestial car, 
Ouishioing VirgOf or the Julian litar. 
Whilet !D Truth's mirror this glad ^cene he «pitd. 
Entered a dame, bedecked with eponed pride:' 
Fair flowcr-de-^ luces within an azure field. 
Her left hand bearg (the ancient Gallic ahield 
By her UBurped), hei right a bloody sword, 

'Queen ELlubetb. P«rliapa the ^atiK "Sffr.ie'i 
Ghotr' bv J. Oldman mcy be reitnti to, but it ttoci not 

igTct witb MarvcH's dcaciiption of itj contcati. 

' A periDiiificjlion of Frencii iafluencc with a (jiiidi i' 
ehhet Charles II 'i filter, the Ducliefe o( Orlean.i. 
in 1670, coucludeil a MCttc treaty with hitn ori hd • 
LouliXlV., cjr at Cliario'i -mistrcii, Louise il-e Kerjuillc. 
Duchcii of Fortimuuih, who upheld at court the Instil 
inureati and the French idea.] of absolute moQanhy. 



I 



ANDREW MARVELL 



»f1 



Inscribed Lei'iathan,' the Sovereign Lord; 
Her towery front a fiery meteor bears, 
An exhaLaticin bred of blood s-nd tears ; 
Around her Jove's lewd ravenous cure complain, 
Pale Death, lusts, tcrtureg, fill ha pompoue 

train ; 
She from the easy King Truth's mirror took, 
And on the ground in spiteful fait it broke ; 
Then frowning thus, with proud di&dain she 

Epoke : 
" Are thread-bare virtuea ornaments for kings i 
Such poor pedantic toys teach underlings. 
Do monarchs rise by virtue, or the sword ? 
Whoe'er grew great by keeping of bia word ? 
Virtue's a faint green-eickness to brave soula,^ 
Dastards their hearts, their active heat contj'ols. 
The rival gods, monarchs of t'other world. 
This mortal poison among princes hurled. 
Fearing the mighty projects of the great 
Should drive ihem from their proud celeetia] seat, 
If not o'eraw«l by thJa new holy cheat. 
Thoae pioue frauds, too slight to ensnare the brave, 
Are proper srtH the long-eared rout to enfilsve. 
Bribe hungry priests to deify your might, 
To teach your will's your only rule to right, 
And sound damnation to all dare deny't. 
Thus Heaven's designs against Heaven'! self 

yOu*l] turn, 
And they will fear those powers they once did 

scorn. 



' Hobbci'i trcatiac in favour of dcipolism. 

' Cf. RindolpVs poem "The Anli-plalonk" ! — 

"Virtue 'i no more in womifikind 
Thnii the grren skknesa oflhc minil, " 



234 POEMS AND SATIRES OF 



When all their gobbling interest in tnimkiiLd, 
By hirelinga aold to you, shall be resigned. 
And by impoBturts, God and man betra.yedt 
Tbc church and fltate you safely may invade; 
So bounilleee Lewis in full glory EhineH, 
Whdst your sUfTed power in legal fettece pin 
Shake offthoBe baby-bonda from your strong a: 
Henceforth be deaf to that old witch's charms 
Taste the delicious »w«tB of sovereign power, 
'TU royal game whole kingdoflis to deflowet. 
Three spotless virginB ' to your bed I bring, 
A sacri6ee to you, liieir God and king. 
Aa these grow stale, we'll harass hun^an kind, 
Rack Dature, till new pleasures ehe shall 6nd, 
StroDg as your reign, and beauteous as y 
mind." 
When (he had spoke, a confused murmur 
Of French, Scotch, Irish, all my mortal fow 
Some Engli&h too, disguised, O shame I I 
Led up by the wise son-io'law of Hyde.* 
With fury drunk, like bacchanals, they roar, 
Down with that common Magna Charts vhon 
With joint consent on helplesfl rae they flew. 
And from my Charles to a base gaol me drew; 
My reverend age exposed to scora and Bhamc, 
To prigB, bawde, whores, was made the puWiC 

game. 
Frequent addresBeB to iny Charles I seod, 
Aod to hia care did my ead state commend; 
But hia fair soul, craneformed by that Fieott 

dame^ 
Had lost sU sense of honour, justice, fame. 

' England, ScatUod and Irelaod [note in margin of 1 
^ Tbt Duke of Vork. 



I 



ANDREW MARVELL 235 

^ilce 1 came spiasits in's Ktiig\e he »Its, 
lesieged by whorcs, buffoons, and bastard chits; 
Lulled ID security, rolling in lust, 
Resigns his crown to angel Carwell^s ' trust ; 
Her creature Osborne* the revSnue BtealB ; 
F^lse Finch, knave Anglesey^ misguide the Bcalfi. 
Mac-James ■! the Imh pagoda does adore, 
■liis FrcDcli aod Teaguc^ commaaii on sea and 

shore. 
'^The Scotch BCalado * of our Court two ialps, 
Fiend Lauderdale,^ with ordure, afl dellles. 
Thus the etate'E nightmared by this hellish rout, 
And CO one left these furies to cast oiit. 
Ah ! Vindex come, and purge the poisoned state ; 
_ Descend, descead, ere the cure's desperate. 

^^MRaieigli. Once more, great queen, cby darling 

^^B Btrive to save, 

^^^na.tch him agsiin from scandal and the grave ; 

Present to's thouEhtB his long-scorned Pat liament, 
; The basis of hi» throne and government. 
I Id hts deaf ears sound his dead father's name; 
] Perhaps that spell may's erring soul reclaim : 



u 



LdmIk de Keroualle, aftcrwar'Js Ducb«H cf Port*- 

AlOUth, 

' Sir ThoTnai Oshomc, then Lord High Treaiurcf. 

• Sir Htncage Ftnch wai made Lord Keeper la c(>72 ; 
the Esrl Aigka-en becaiae Lord Pcivy Seat in the >a.raf 
ycttf but viaa diamiaeed \a iGSi fat publishing i-EftGctiont 
OD ihe King. 

iThc Duke of York, "Pneodi" wa« ■ term for 
iilfrtt. 

* Irwh. 

' A >kiTi diicatci and alio an Upstart' 
1 The Duke of Laudetdali 




^i6 



POEMS AND SATIRES OF 



Who knows what good effects horn theocenny 



(pnog 



'Tia godlike good to save a falling king. 

ffrilainia, Raleigh, no more, too long id i 

I've tried 
The iituarl from the lyrant to divide j 
As easily learned virtuoBos may 
With the dog's blood hig gentle kind con?ey 
Into the wolf, and make him guardian turn 
To the bleating flock, by hiia so lately torn: 
If thifl imperial ill once taint the blood, 
'Tis by no potent antidote withstood. 
Tyrants, like leprous kings, for public weal 
Should be immuredf lest the contagion ateal 
Over the whole. The elect Jessean line 
To this firm law their Bceptre did resign : 
And shall [his stinking Scotti&h brood evade 
Eternal laws, by God for mankind cnade ! 
No ! To the serene Venetian state I'll go, 
From her sage mouth famed principles tp kac 
With hei the prudenc; of the ancients readi 
To teach my people in their steps to tread; 
By their great pattern :&uch a state Til frame, 
Shall eternize a gJonous lasting name. 
Till then, ray Raleigh, teach our noble youth 
To love sobriety, and holy truth ; 
Watch and preside over their tender age, 
Leat Court corruption should theii souls eagageT 
Tel 1 them how arte, and arms, in thy young day*, 
Employed our youth, — not taverne^ 9tew«, ~ 

plays ; 
Tell them the generous Hcora their race does 
To flattery, pimping, and a gaudy show ; 



ANDRl 



IVEl 



M7- 



each them to scam the Cuwella, Fortsmoutba,, 

Neils,' 
he CU veland s, Osbornes, B cities, L avder- 

dales : ' 
sppxa, Tigelline^ and Acte'e^ name, 
Jl yield to :hc8e in lewdness, tust^ and sbame. 
[ake them admire the Talbois, Sydtieyj, Veree, 
irake,Ca¥eiLdish, Blake, men vatdof slavish feacs, 
'me sons of glojy^pillarg of the hisie, 
a whose famed deeds all tonguea and writers 

wait. 
Then *ith fierce ardour their brave naah do burn, 
ack to my deareeit country I'll retuTA. 
'afquin'a just judge, and Casar's equal peers, 
Tith me I'll bring to dry my people's tears ; ^ 
ublicoU with healing h&nds shall pour 
aim in their wovnds, and shall their life reetore ; 
■reek arte, and Roman arntB, in her conjoined, 
ball Eoglaad raise, relieve oppresGed ma.Dkiad, 
.B JoTc's great son the infested globe did free 
rora noxiom monsters, hell-bom tyranny, 
3 shall ray England by a holy war,^ 
I triumph lead chained tyrants from afar ; 
.er true Crusado shall at last pull down 
'he Turkish crescent and the Persian wn. 



' Lguiie <Ie Ktrotialle and Nell Gwjran. 

' Ouches* of Cleveliad, Sir Thomas Oiburne, hie 

aibcr-in-law, the Hon, Pcfcgrinc BerElt, and the Duke 

Liuderdalc, 

* Pertpna wMsiBted wjtji Nero 

* She will bring men with her wKp nhull puniih dw 
\ns as Tarquin wui puniiheil Tor bii iminnralicyi aiid 
Cvair wsli for dettroying the Ubertiei. uf his countr)'. 

^ Marvell r«tflrni l» the ide* of » holy wai which he 
terttined while Cramwell wai in power. 



I 



138 



POEMS AND SATIRES OF 



Freed by thy Gsboura, fortuoate, b!est isle, 
Xhe earth shall rest, the he^ven^ shall on tlie 

smile i 
And this kind secret foi reward shall give, 
Nq poisgn'd tyrant OP thy ground shall U re. 



AN ANCIENT PROPHECY WRITTEJ 
ORiGINALLY IN FRENCH Bl 
NOSTERDAM,' AND NOW DONE 
INTO ENGLISH, 6TH JANUARY 
1671 

nfcST tAKT 

FORfa.uhsaad follies Landon'e doom 
fix; 
And she must sink in flameB in eisty-Eix. 
Fire-bdls shall liy, but few Bhall s-e^e the tmn.] 
As far as from Whitehall to Pudding J_anc,' 
To burn tlie city, which again shall rise, 
Beyond all hopes, aapiring to those ekies 
Where vengeance dwellfi. But there is 

thing more, 
Though it8 walJs stand, shall bring the city lowc 
When legislators shall their trust betray, 
Hired for their ahaie to give the rest away : 
And those false men, by the easy people sent, 
Give taxee to ihe King by Parliament ; 

' Micbad N^etraitamtitg phyMdan itnd satrologet, ' 
born 1a IJAJ, A tTanilation of hj» propheciEt ifptti 
in 1671, Marwfll, of couric, antedates hie veraej, 

1 The Great Fire began in Pudriing Laqe, The Dotr 
of York at Wbitslmn wai chaj^e*!, as ibt bead ol tk 
Roman Catholic iiiLeftst, with havis^' started it. 



When 



ANDREW MARVELL 



hen barefaced villgips shall not blush to cheat, 
And chequer- doors ^hall shut up Lombard 

Street ; ' 
I When players come to act ihe part of queena. 

I Within the cuiiainer and behind the scenes; 

When no m^n koows in whom to put bia tiuBt, 
I And e'en to rob the chequer ahatl be juBt ; 
£ When declarationa, towa, and every oatfa ; 
Shall be in use at Court, but faith and troth ; 
W/^hen two good kings shall be at Brentford town^ 
And when to London there shall not be one ; 
When public faith 2nd rows and payments stop, 
I'hie London lately burnt shall be blown up ; 
London shall see, for it shall come to pass, 
A greater thief than Alexander wa«.^ 
The frogs shall then grow weary of their crane, 
And pray to Jove to take him back again. 



^\9i 



SECOND PART 



'hen the seal's given to a talking fool,^ 
Whom wise mcQ laugh at, and whom women 

rule, 
A minister able only in his tongue, 
To make etarched empty apeeches two hours 

long; 
When an old Scotch Covenanter'' fihall be 
The champion for the English hierarchy ; 
When bishopB Khali lay all religion by, 
And strive by law to establish tytanny; 

' Alluiling 10 [be doling of thr ExeliEqucr tn 1671. 
' The King ptofcabl)-. 
^ I'tiibnbly Sir Hcnca^c Finch. 
IThc Duke of LauikrdBle. 



140 POEMS AND SATIRES OF 

When a lean treasurer ' shali in aae year 
Make himseif fat, his King and people htsc; 
When the CfOwTi's heir shall E&glishmeD despiif,| 
And think French only loyal, Irish wise; 
When wooden shoon shail be the EngliBh wcr,l 
And Magna Charts Eha.ll no more appear; — 
Then the KngUsh shall a greater tyrant know. 
Than either Greek or Latin story ebow ; 
Tfa«ir wiyes to 's lust exposed, Tiiur wcaltlii 

's Bpoil, 

With groane to 'fill his treasure they must tul) 
But like the Bellidcs* must sigh in vain. 
For that stiJl filled runs out as iaBt again t 
Then they with envioua eyes shall Belgium sce,1 
And wish in vain Venetian liberty. 



A FOEM ON THE STATUE IN 

STOCKS-MARKET 

I 

AS dtiea that to the fierce conqueror yield 
Do a.t their own charges their cit 
buiid ; 
So Sir Robert advanced the Kiag's statue it 

token 

Of bankers defeated, and Lombard Strw* 
broken.^ 

' Sir Thomai Osboiiie, appointed id 1673, 

' Who liUed eicvct u'icli wattr. 

J Sir Rflbrrt Vine* purchiised a statue of John SobraU 
triumphing owcr the Turk, and fciving altcrcfl it torrprt- 
■enc Charles IL. irimpling on Cromwell, erecteil it fl 
Stock*! Market F^laec wlure the MatiBioa Houte uv 
4Catidi, This was done in 1671, when the bnafccn liM 
been [UJneii owing to the itoppi<i|^ af the Bi<he^ii£i, 



ANDREW MARVELL 



3+1 



Some thought it a knightly and generous deed. 
Obliging the cLty with a KLbg and a steed; 
When with honour he might from hia word 
have gone back : 
that VOW8 in a calm \s absolved by a wrack. 



f 



III 



But DOW it appeare, from the first to the last. 
To be a revenge and a maljice forecast ; 
Upon the King's birthday to stt up a. thing 

fat eliOMrd him a monkey much more than a 
King. 

IV 

When each oae that passee hods fault with the 

horse. 
Yet all da afUrm that the King is much worse j 
And Home by the likeness Sir Robert suepecC 
That he did for the King his own gtatue erect. 



ThuB to see him disligured — the herb-women 

chid. 
Who up ou their pannierR more gracefully rid ; 
And so loose in his seat — that all pereoos ^gi^t?* 
E'en Sir William Peake' sits much firmer than 

■ "■ 

^ VI 

But a market, as some say, doth lit the King well) 
Who Che Parliament too and revenue doth sell ; 
And others, to make the similitude hold, 
Say his Majesty coo is oft purchased a&d sold. 



I 



' Sir 'WiLliam Pctke, Lord Ma^of la 16671 



POEMS AND SATIRES OF 



Thia statue is surely more HcaDdalouB far 
Than all tbc Dutch ptciures which caused tbe 
war ; 

And wbat the Exchequer for that took on trust 
May we henceforth confiscate, for reaaons more 

just. 

But Sir Robert) to take all the ecandal away, 
Dtws the error upon the artificer lay ; 
And alleges the workmaDehip was not hi$ owiit 
For he counterfeits only in gold, pot io stone. 



But, Sir Knigbt of the Viae, how came 't in jovs 

thought, 
That when to the scalfold your Itege you had 

brought, 
With caoTSB and deals you e'er since do hia 

cloud, 
As if you had meant it hfs coftin and shrooil t 



Hath Blood etole him away, xs his crown he 

conveyed ? 
Or is he to Clayton's gone in masquerade J ' 
Or is he in cabal in his cabinet set ? 
Or bare you to the Compter removed bim 

debt ? ' 

' Sir Robert Clayton wai a rich tcrivcner, with »!ja 
wife diE King had an intnguc. 

' By 1676 thi; King owed VincT tnore than £4001 
Th? CAtnpterWM 1 debture' priion. 



ANDREW MARVELL 



*43 



XI 

[ethinka by the equipage of thie vile scene, 
!*battochaDgehimiDtoa jack-puddiag youinean; 
)f why thus expose him to popular flouts, 
Le if we'd as good have a King roadeof cloutB? 

)r do you his faults out of modescj Teil 
With three shattered, planks, and the fag of a sail ; 

To exprcBS how his navy was shattered and torn, 
The day that he was both :e«torM aod bora ? ' 

Sure the King will ne'er thiolc of repaying his 

hankers, 
When loyalty now ^11 expires with his spankers ; 
If the Indiee sitiA Smyrna do not him enrich, 
le will hardly have left a poor rag Co hi« breech. 

XIV 

&ut Sir Rot>ert atHrnta chat we do him much 

wroQg ; 

'Tib the 'graver at work, to reform him, so long ; 
But, alas ! he will never arrive at his end, 
For it is such a King as no chigel can mead. 



iut with all his errora restoie u& our Kiog, 
If ever you hope in December for Spring ; 
<'or tbough all the world cannot show such 

another, 
fet we'd rather have him than his bigoted 

brother. 

' Cbarlcs II. Wiii born on thr £9tK May 16^0, cnttrcil 
Ldndoo <>n the l^lh May 1660, and on [he 29th May 
~ S7X the battle of SouthwoLd Bay took plic«. 



144 rOEMS AND SATIRES OF 



THE STATUE AT CHARING 
GROSS 



WHAT can be the mystery, why Charing 
CroBH 
This five montbe continues atill muJBed iviih 
board ? 
Dear Wheeler,' impart, we are all at a loss, 
Unless wc must have FUDchinello restored. 



'Twere to Scaratnoucbio too great disrespect 
No limit hie troop to this theatre email t 

Beeide the injustice it were to eject 

That mimic, so legaUy seized of Whitehall. 



II] 



For 3. dial the place h too insecure, 

Since the Privy Gaidca could not it defend ; ' 
And BO near tt> the Court they will never endure 

Any mooumenc, how they their time may 

misspend. 

IV 

Were these deals yet in store for sheathing our 
fleet. 
When the King in armada to Porttraontfa 
should sail, 

■ Potaibly Sir Cbirki Whcler, M.?. for Camlni-ifC 
Umitnity. 

■ Tht lUD-dial in the garden at Whitehall had tea 
liCohfO by Ch' EarL of Rocheitcr nur? otSier rcvellcri. 



ANDREW MARVELL 



«45 



>r the BishopR and Treasurer, did they agree 't 
To repair wirh Buch riff-raff our church's old 
pale? 

T 

No ; to comfort the heart of the poor cavalier, 
The late Kiag on horaeback is here to be 

shown ; 
That ado with your Kings and your Btatiiea is 

here ! 
Have we not had enough, pray, already of one ? 

VI 

Does the Treasurer think mea so loyally tame, 
When their penaions are stopped, to be fooled 
with a sight ? 

And 'tis forty to one, if he play the old game^ 
Hell reduce ua ere long to rehearse fo^ty-eigh^. 

Tit 

The Trojan horse, ao (notof braaa, but of wood), 
Had within it an army that burnt up the 
town: 

And however, 'tie ominouB, if understood, 
For the old Ktng on horseback is but an half- 
crown. 



fet his brother-in-law^a horse' had gained suet 
repute, 
Tha;t the Treasurer thought prudent to try it 

again J 

' Sir Rofcert Viner, who eretted the Stock "i Market 
itatuc of Charlct 11., wai bi'oChcr-iil-La^r to Sir Thoiau 
Oiborpc (a ftcrwirdi Lonl Dauby and thtn Duke of 
Lki1»), tvho put up the sutue of ChaHes I, »i Charing 

Croii. 



246 POEMS AND SATIRES OF 

AdcI instead of that market of herbs and of frmll 
He will here keep a sbamblee, of Farliame 
men. 



But why is the work then so loog at a Gtaad .' 
Such things you should never, or suddenly do;l 

Ab the Parliament twice was prorogued by you 

' ' hand^ 

Would you venture io far to prorogue the] 
King too? 

Let's have a Ring, sii, be he new, be he old. 
Not Viner delayed us bo, though he wetej 
broken : ' 
Though the King be of copper, and Daabyj 
of gold. 

Shall the Treae'rer of guineas refuse auchi 
token ? 



The housewifely Treasuress sure is grown nice, 
And 60 liberally treated the meuibcn at 
supper; 
She thinkfl not convenient to go to the price, 
And we've lost both our King, and oui 
horse and our crupper. 

xu 
WhcEc so matiy parties there are lO' provide, 
To buy a King ia not so wise as to sell : 
And however, she said, it could not be denied^ 
That a monarch of gingerbread might do 3t 
well. 

' Baakrupt. 



ANDREW MAR\'ELL 



M7 



It the Treaewer told ber he thought she was 

mad. 
And hie ParliameBt list too withal did produce ; 
WbBn he showed her, that fro many voters he 
^ had, 
^H Ar would the next tax reimburae them with 

^ao the Etatue will up after all this delay, 

But to tata the hce towards Whitehall you 
must ehun ; 

! Though of hraBB, yet with grief it would melt 
k bim away 
I To behold such a prodigal Court and a bod 1 
I 



A DIALOGUE BETWEEN TWO 
HORSES 



TKE INTRO&UCTION 

WE read^ in profane and sacred records. 
Of beksts whith have altered articulate 
word s : 
hen magpies acd [Jarrots cry, tva/if inavei, 
xoaik I 

It is a clear proof that birds too may talk. ; 
And etacues, witbou: either windpipes or lungs. 
Have Epoken as phinLy a.s men do with tongues. 
Livy tells a strange etory, can hardly be 
fellowed, 
'hat a Bacrificed ox, when hie guts were out^ 
bel lowed ; 

' loternt. " 



Z48 



POEMS AND SATIRES OF 



FhalariB had a bull, vbiich grave authors ull 

ye. 

Would roar like a deyil with a man in bis be]ly; 
Friar Bacon had a heid that spake made .if 

braea ; 
And Balaam the prophet was reproved by 

asB; 
At DelpLios and Rome stocks a.Dd stooet, o 

and then, sirs, 
Hbtc CO (jueBdons returned oracular atisw^re. 
All Popish belierers think BomethiDg dtrine, 
When images epeak, possesses the Bhricc ; 
But they that faith catholic ne'er understood. 
When Bhrines give answer, aay a knave's in the 

rood. 
Tbeae idols ne'er apokCf but the miracle's done 
By the devil, a priest, a friafj or a nun. 
If the Roman church, good Christians, obligf 

ye 
To believe man and beast have spake in effigy 
Why ahould we ooi credit the piiblic discouT' 
In a dialogue lately between the two horaef^? 
The horses T mean of Wool-Church and CbiiriD 
Who told many truths well worth gny maot 

hearing,. 
Since Viaer and Osboiae ' did buy and provide 

'em 
For the two mighty monarchE who now da 

bestride "em. 
The Etately braES Btallion and the white Qiarbli 

steed 
One night came together, hy all 'tis agreed, 

^ Referring Co tht two ttatuet memioned In the prtced- 

■Ag iatire*. 



\ 






ANDREW MARVELL 



249 



3Eh the kicga, weary of eicting all day, 
)(ere &tol'n off, incognito, each his own way ; 
id there the two jades, aft«r mutual EiiluleB, 
,ooly discQureed, but fell to diaputee, 



uoalj 



THK DIALOGUE 



fil-Churth. Quoth the marble white horse : 
^K^ It would make a atone apeak, 
^^Fo see a Lord M^yor and a Lombard 
^H Street break ■ — 
^^P'hy founder and mine — to cheat ooe 
■ another, 

I When both knaves agreed to be each 
gther's brother, — 

Here Chariog broke ailence^and thus 
be went on : 
y brass is provoke aa mucli as thy stone, 
o see Church and State bow down to a 
whore, 
.d the King''s chief mmister holding the 
door J 
The money of widows and orphans em- 
ployed. 
And the bankers quite broke to maintain 
the whore'a pride. 
'o ace Dei Gratia wiit Ofi the throae, 
nd the King's wicked life «ay, Qad 
thert is none. 
That he should be styled tbe Defender 

of the Faith, 
Who believcB not a word what the Word 
of God saith, 




ainer ofbankcr*, f,r., n Lorjl Kigli Tiraiurtr. 



2;o POEMS AND SATIRES OF 



IV, That the Duke should turo papiei, and 
ihat Church defy 
For which his own father a martyr did die. 
C. Though he hath changed his reHgioo, 1 
hope he's 80 zW\\ 
Not to think his own father is gon« to the 
devil. 
if'. That bondage and beggary ebould be in i 
nation. 
By a cursed House cF Commoat, atd t 
blessed Restoration. 
C. To see a white 4tafF make a beggar a lotd,' 
And scarce a wise man at a Ipng couadl- 
board. 
fT. That the bank, should be seized, y« 
the 'Chequer = eo poor, 
" Lord have mercy ! " Aud a croas (nil 
be set OD the d'oor.^ 
C, That a mitlion and half should be 
revfinue. 

Yet the king of his debts pay no man i 
penny. 
IV. That a King ehould consume thP 
Idngdoms' estates, 
And yet all the Court be as poor tf 
church rats, 
C. That of the four fteas' dominion and 
guarding, 
No token should appear, but a poor copjwt 
farthing.'' 

' LoH Danty (Osborne). 
' The Kipg and hw ipiniHsr" repudiated the ] 
debts in i67£, anii crested i (tmnctal panie, 
' The Pla^c mark. 
4 AUu-dingtotfae new figure orBTicanniflon the i 



ANDREW MARVELL 



»5i 



Ovr worm-eaten ships to be laid up si 
' Chatham, 

I Not our trade to secure, but for foes to 
^^ come at 'em. 

^H^nd our lew »hipB abroad become 
^V Tripoli's scorn, 
I By pawnJDg for victuals their gona at 
' Leghorn. 

', That making \ss slaves by horse and foot 
I guards,' 

NFor reatoriog the King, shall be all our 
rewards. 
BThe basest ingra,titude ever was heard ! 
But tyrants ungrateful are always ^feared, 
NOo Seventh Harry's head he that placM 
L the cr&wn 
Wis after rewarded by losing his ovma.' 
That Parliantcot-men Bhould rail ait the 

Court,' 
And get good pTeferment immediately 
for "t ! 
'o see them that auffered for father and aon, 
%nd helped to bring the latter to his 
thronej 
'hat with lives aad esta,tes did loyally 

serve; 
.nd yet for all this can nothing deserve ; 

brence to the gathering of troopt on Blackht-ath. 
At was Argylf, who placed tlie crown on Charles's heail 
cone in 1651, aqI ivaa condemne'd in idAo, wiib.out 
!£ allo-wcd icD days' rcipite for Ihc Kin^'i plcaaure to 
blown. 

lUarvetl hai mentioaed m previous taiirei the oamei 
Qinc of iht country mem^fT:) who were Uu^ht up by 



2^1 



POEMS AND SATIRES OF 



ff". 



C. 



Thp King Eooka not on 'em^ prefermeni] 

dcQicd 'em, 
The Roundheada toauh, and tbe courtKn 

deride 'em, 
And none get preferments, but who wiU 

betray 
Their country to mini 'tis tbai opej i 

way. 
Of tte Sold-tallcing members — 

If ifae baBtards you add 
What a cabbJe of rascally lords have 

made ! 
That traitors to their country, in a brJt 

House of ConunoDB, 
Should give away millions at eve 
Bummons. 
li^. Yet some of those giveiv, &uch beggatl] 
villaios, 
As not lo be trusted for twice fifq 
eh i1 lings. 
C. No wonder t;hat beggars should still bei 
giving. 

Who out of whEt's given do get a gooi 
living. 
ff. Four knights and a kna^ie, who wert 
burgesBCB made. 
For Belling tteir consciences were libenllf 
paid. 
C. How base arc th? sooU of such tow* 
priced »inner«. 
Who \Qte with the Court for drinlc sod 
for dinners! 
/#'. 'Tia they who brought on ue this scanctaloui 
yoke, 



ANDREW MARVELL 



»S3 



Of excising our cupe, and taxing oursmoke. 
But. Ehftoks to the whores who haie made 

the King dogged, 
For giving no more the rogues are pro- 
rogue. 
That a King fihouM endeavour to m^kc; a 

war cease, 
Which augments and secures his own 

profit and peace. 
And pkcipGCEEtiari«B sent itito France, 
With an addk-headed knight, and a \oid 

without brainti.* 
That the Kmg should seDii for another 

French whore, 
Wh-er one already had made him bo 

poor." 
The missea take place, each advanced to 

be ducheGs, 
With pomp great aa queens in their coach 

and nix borses ; 
Their bastards in£,de dukea, carls, 

vifiCouiits, and lords. 
And all the bigh titles that hooour affords. 
While these brats and their mothers do 

live in such plenty, 
The Datioo's impoveriEhed, and the 

'Chequer quite empty ; 

Possibly R refrrcre« lo Sir William Ttmple and Lord 
lU. Mln/rllMasincetiBecl IhitTcmpEe, at thr Iiraty 
bncgucn,prtnc<! Lewis XIV. 'i provision on ihf Dutch. 
eatoring the Roman Catlidlit faith in Holland. 
rbe DuchcM of Maxatla, oifce of the CArdin«L, 
d al the Court ill id^i Hi tile rival of Louise 
itoaallt, who had been made Dutheii of ParUniouth 
►73- 



"H 



POEMS AND SATIRES OF 



And though war was pretended when ' 

TDoney was leoE, 
More on whorea, than in Bhipa oi in 

hath been spent, 
C. Enough, my dear brother, ahhoogh 

speak reaaon, 
Yet truth maoy cimes being puni^ed 

tre^BOD, 
We ought to be Wfliryi aod bridJe 

tongue. 
Bold speaking ha.th done both men 

beasts wrong. 
When Ehe ass too boldly rebuked 

prophet, 
Thou knoweet what danger was like 

come of it; 
Though ithe beast gave hia master ne'er 

an ill word, 
Instead of a cudgel, Balaam wished fori 

sword. 
fV. Truth's as bold as a liotij I am not 

afraid j 
I'll proTC every tittle of what I have said. 
Odr riders are absent, who is't that can 

hear ? 
Let's be true to ouisclveK, whom UuB 

peed we fear i 
Where is tby King gone ? 
C, To Bee BtLhop La 

fV. To cuckold a scriv'ner mtoe'B tn 

■querade ; 

For on such occasionE be oft steals awaj 
And returns to remount me about break ot 

day 



d 



ANDREW MARVEL!. 

In very dark nights Bomelimes you may 

find him, 
With a harlot got up on my crupper behind 

him- 
Paufie, brother, awhile, and calmly con- 
sider 
What thou hast to say^ against my royai 

rider. 
Thy priest-riddep I^ing tvrned desperate 

fighter 
For the surplice, lawD-sleeveB, the cross, 

and the mitre, 
TilJ at last on the acaffold he was left 

in the lurch, 
By knuves, who cried up themaelTeE for 

the church. 
ArchbiEhopa and biahops, archdeacons and 

deaTifi ! 
Thy King *tU ne'er fight ualeis 't be 

for hJa i^ueanH, 
He that dies for ceremonieH, dies like a 

fool, 
The King dd thy bac3c is a lamentable 

cool. 
The goat and the lion I equally hate, 
And freemeo alike value life aud estate ; 
Though ihe father and son be different 

ruds, 
fietweizn the two scourgera we Had little 

odds ; 
Both infamous Btaiid in three kingdoms' 

votes, 
This for picking our pockets, that for 

cutting our throats. 



aS6 POEMS AND SATIRES OF 

C. Mujt tolerable are the lioo • iuDg'i 

slaughters, 

Than the goat making whores of qui 

wivea and our daugiitere ; 
The debauched and the cruel, Aince thejj 

cfjually gall us, 
I had rather bear Nerothao Sardanapaliu. 
W, One of the two cyranta muse still be oia 
case, 
Under ;ill who EhatI reign of the h\« ' 
Stuart's rate. 
C. De Witt and Cromwell had each 3 brait 

sou I, 
iV. I freely declare it, I am for old NoH ; 

Though hja ggv^rmnent did a tymit > 

resemble. 
He made England great, and lu 
eaemieft tremble. 
C. Thy rider puts no man to death in tiii 

wrath, 
AT, But he's buried alive in luBt and to sloild 
C. What is thy opinion of James* Duke of 

York ; 

fV. The same chat the frugs bad of Jupiter'i ' 
Btork. 
With the Turk in hia head, and the Pop*-] 

in his heart, 
Father Patrick's disciple ' will mike] 

England smairt. 
If e'er he ^e King, T know Britaia'*] 

doam. 
We rou&t all to a stake, or be CQD«eii4 m] 
Rome. 
' The Duke of York. Stf p»ge m. 



ANDREW MARVELL 157 

Ah> Tudor ! ah, Tudor ! we've had 

StiiaritE cDDugb ; 
Noneerer reigned like old Beee in her ruff. 
Her WalsiDgh3.ni could dark counsela ua- 

riddle. 
And our Sir Joseph ' write newa-book 

and fiddle. 
Truth, brother, w£:ll said; but ihat's 

somewhal bitter. 
His perfumed prcdecesBor -' was never 

more litter. 
Yet we have one Secretary 3 honest and 

wise-^ 
For that very reaaoa, he's aever to rise. 
But canst thou devlee wben thinge will be 

meoded i 
Wheo the reign of the hnr of the Stuarts 

is ended. 
Then England rejoice thy redemption 

draws nigh. 
Thy appreasion together with kingehip 
ahall die. 
tffiw. A coramofiwealth, a c<:>m)LiciDweahh, 

»we proclaim to the nation ; 
For the gods have repented tlie King's. 
Restoration. 
pclkjiott. If speech of brute animals jn 

t Rome's first age 

Prodigious eventa did surely presage, 

Sir Jueph WllliBmaon, pTMidtat of the Royal 
liely. A Secretary of Sute from 1674 to i6tS. 
'The Earl nf Arlington. 

Mfinry Coveatr}', a Seeretary of Stale from 1673 to 



158 



POEMS AND SATIRES 



Then shall come to pass, all manfcind may swsuj 

Wh^t. two ia^Qimate hor&es declare. 



Thougb tyraotE make laws, which they strictlj 

proclaim. 
To conceal their own crimes and to cover theij 

fihanie, 
Yet the beasts in the (teld, or the eiones in th 

wall, 

Will pi]bliB.h their faults and propheay their fallj 
When they take from the people the freedom i 

words, 
They teach them the sooner to falJ to tl«jl 

swords. 
Let the city drink CQiFee and cjuietly gi'oan. 
They who com^uered the father won'i be slav» 

lo the son. 
It IB wine and strong drink muke tumulu 

increase, 

Chocolate, tea, and co#ee are liquora of peace;] 
No quarrels or oalhB are among those who dr" 

'era, 
'Tis Bacchus and Brewere swear, damn '<i*J 

sitik '«« .' 
Then, Charles, thy late edict against CQ 

recall,' 
There's ten times more treason in brandy ami 

ale. 

' 0» llie igih NovemW 1675, a procUm»l ion *» 
iidQed clnsing the en FTeE-hmiiea as places where ccHitiiiui 
pctBODS mcti It waG rcv>uk,cil aa the Sth JacuBrv |6*Q. 





MISCELLANEA 



"EPIGRAMMA IN DUOS MONTES, 
AMOSCLIVIUM liT BILBOREUM ' 



P^HFACIO 



^■"ERNIS ut iogcnri diEtinguant limitc campum 
^^ MontiE AmoBcHsi Bilboreiqut juga ! 
Tile Stat indomitus turritJe ubdique saxia; 

Cingit huic (feluiti fraxinus alta caput. 
Illi peira mioax rigidis cemcibus horret j 

Huic quatjunt cirides lenU coEla jubas, 
Fulcit Atlatiteo rupes ea verticc ccelos ; 

Colli? at hie humeroa Bubjicit Herculeoti. 
Hie, ceu carceribu^, vieutn sylvaque coercet j 

IJI« oculoG alter dum, quasi meta, trahit. 
Illc giganteum surgic ceu Pelion Oesa ; 

Hie agii, i3t Pindi culmine, nympha chnros, 
Krectufi, prxceps, salcbro^us, ec arduus, illp; 

Acclivis, placidus^ mollje, amcenus, hie est. 
Ac similis domico coiit Natuta aub utio ; 

Farfaciaque tremunt sub ditione pares. 
Durnque triumphanti terras perlabitur axe, 

'Sit vertM "Upon the Hilliind Grove at Btlborough." 
Almiii clifT is a. group of locks □□ a bigh hill iboul 
milei louch-wcit of Hirrog'ite. 
259 




afo POEMS AND SATIRES OF 

Prffiten'ens Tqua stringit utnimque reta. 
Asper in advereoSi facilts cedentibus idem ; 

Ut credaa mofitee extimulasse aiioa. 
Hi sunt Alcids Barcalia cempe columax, 

Quas medio scindit vallis opaca freto. 
Ap potius, longe aic prona cacumina nuiaat, 

PamaBsus cuipiunt esBe, Maria,' tuus ! 



ROS^ 



CERNISj ut Eoi deacendat gemraula ron*. 
laqUe roiias ToScO Lfads^uat orta eipu. 
SoHiciti flores slant ambitiooe supini* 

Et certaiLt foliis pelHcuisse suis, 
Ilia tamen patr};E lustranE fastigia aphxrx, 

Negligit hoepitii timing picu oovi, 
loque sui Diudo coD<:lusa voluiruais orbe. 

Exprimit xtherei, qui licet, orbis aquae. 
En, ut odoratum apeiDat generoBior oetrunii 

Vixque premat casta mallia strata pede; 
Siispiclt at longis distantem obtutibus axeni) 

lode et languenti lumbe pendet amana. 
Tfistifl, et in liquidum routata dolorc duloremi 

.Marcet, ati rosda Uchryma fusa geni$. 
Ut pa'vet, et motum tremit ilTequicta cubUCf 

Et, quoties zephyri fluctuat aura, fugit ! 
Qualis inexpertam aubcat rormido puellanit 

Sicubi atfcte redit incomitata doiuum, 

' The Lnity Mary FafrfaK, nflerwHrds Du<heM 
flnckingham. Mr C. A, A.itkm itndt eupiani \a. place 

' £n £ag]jth Kcnci \iy Marvell, pa^e pj. 



ANDREW MARVELL 



Sic ei in horridulas a^tatur gutta procellaSr 

Dum pre ifirgineo cuncta pudore timet ; 
Donee oberranteni radio elements vaporet, 

Inque jubw reducem sol geoitale trahai. 
Talis, in humano si possic Bare rideri, 

Exul ubi longaB meog agit us'tjue moras f 
Hsec quociue natalis meditsns coaviria cteli, 

Evertii calices, purpureosquc thoros; 
Fontis stiJla sacrj, Eucis scintilla perennig, 

Nop capitur Tyria veete, vapore Salitej 
Tota sed in propii eecedcns luminis arcem, 

Colligit in gyros se ainuoaa breffes? 
Magnorumque sequens animo convexa deorum, 

Sidereum paryo fingit in orbe globum, 
Quam bene in averaas modulum contracta figiir*, 

Opposituin mando claudit ubique iatus ; 
Sed bibet iti speculum fadiOs ornata rotundum 

Et circumfuBo splendet aperta die. 
Qua suprrus spectat rutilans, obscuiior infra, 

Cxtera dcdignans, ardeC amore poti. 
Subeilit, hiDc agili poscens discaderc? motu, 

Undique ccelesti cincta Huluta vis;. 
Tocaque in aereos extenditur orbita cursuB : 

Hinc puDctini carpens, mohcEe Btriaget iter. 
Haud aliter mensia esuiidanH manna beacia 

Deseno jaeuit Bulla gelata mIo: 
Stilia gekta 66\a, sed aolibus hausta benignis, 
Ld sua, qn3 cecidil, purior aetra redit. 



26i 



POEMS AND SATIRES OF 



HORTUS 



QUISNAM adcQ, morule genuB ! pncco 
versat ? 
Heu palmx laurique fu:or, vel Gtmplicis hnbs! 
Arbor ut indomkoN ornet vix una laboren, 
Tempora nee foliis jirsciagat tota maligcis; 
Dum simu] implexi, tranquilly ad serta cjuietiV 
OntEiigem cocuflt Aotcs, integraque syUa. 

Alma QwicB, tencO te ! et te, gcrmana Quielid 
Simplicitas ! vob ergo diu pet tcmpla, p^r oii 
QuiEsivi, regum perque alta palatja, fruetra i 
Sed vfls hortorum per opaca silcnCia, tongJ 
Celaiant plantz virides, et cooqolor umbra, 

O ! tnibi si veetros liceat violasee rccessiis, 
Erraau, laseo, ec vitx melioiis anhelo, 
Municipem serTate novum ; votoque potitam, 
FrondoEiX cives optate in fiorea regoa. 

Me quoque, vob Must, et te, coDaciet u*b 
Apollo, 

Non armeota juvant homjrum, Circique boaiuO 
Mugitueve Fori: sed me penetralia Vcria, 
Honoresque traliunt itiuti, et consortia sola. 

Virginea: quern non su»peadit gratia forinxM 
Qaam, candore nivea vincentem, osiruinq 

rubqire, 
Vefltra tameo viridiH auperet (me pdice) Vlfw 
Nee foliis cercare comse, nee braghia raniis. 
Nee pasaint tremuloe voces square susurri>ft. 
Ah L quotiea sxvos vidi (^uia credat ?) amuitei* 

' Marvell'* English veninn ig given on pag* 57, 



ANDREW MARVELL 



2S5 






Sculpentes domias potion in cortice nomcD ! 
Nee puduit tninciB inficribere vulnera sacria. 
Ast ego, si Tcsiras unquam temcravero sCtrpeB, 
NuJIa NeEra, Chloe, Faustina, Corynns. legetur j 
In proprio sed qu^que libro signabilur arboa. 
O cars PlaranuB, CyparisHua, PopuluB, Ulmua ! 

Hie Amor, exucis crepidatus inambulat alia, 
Enervea arcua, et scridula tela reponenS( 
Invertitque faces, nee ae ciipit usque timeri ; 
Aut exparrectus jacetj indormitt^ue pharet:ar ; 
Npn audituruB, quanquam Cytberea vocarit. 
Nequitiati, referunt, nee somnia vans, priorea. 

LaeCantur Superi, detervesceoie tyranua, 
El licet expert! taties Nymphasque Deaaque, 
Arbore nunc melius potiuDtur quiaque cupiu. 
Jupicur anaosam, neglecia conjuge, quercum 
Deperit } baud atiu doluit sie pellice Juno. 
Lemntacum temeranc vestigia nulla cuhile, 
Nee Vetieris Mavors meitiinit, si Fpaxtoui adsit, 
Formosa pressit Dapbnea Testigia PhtEbua, 
Ut (ierec laurusj Bed nil quKsiverat ultra. 
CapHpea et peteret quod Pan Synnga fiigacem, 

oc erat, ut t^alamum posset reperire sanoruni. 
Derurtl muha, 
^ec tw, opifeK borti, grato sine carmine abiHa ; 
Qui brevibus plantis, et Iseto flore, notSsu 
CresceutcB horaa, atquc iDEervalla diei. 
Sol ibi caodidior fragrantia eigna pererrac; 
Froque truci Tauro, stricto pro forcipe Cancri, 
Securis violseque rosEeque allsbitur umbriB. 
Sedula quin et apiit, mellico InFenta laborj, 
Horologo sua pensa thytno signare videtur. 
Temporia O suavcs lapsus ! O otia aana ! 

berbis digns nutneran et Horibus hatit \ 



264 



POEMS AND SATIRES OF 



MAGDALEN'S TEARS' 

MAGDALA Lnscivu^ sic quum dimii 
amantes 
Femjclaque ip castas lumina solvit aquas ; 
HaesJL io irriguo lacrymarum c-ompede CbriBf 
Et tmuit aacroe uda catena pedce. 



DIGNISSIMO SUO AMICO DOCTOR! 
WITTIE * 

DE TRANSLATCOKG TUI.Gt EKKCRUM n. PKIMhOSII 



sie innumero succreacum agmme 



NEMPH 
libri, 

Sepia v\k toto ut jam natet una man. 
FoniuK asKidui surgitnt a vulnefe praeli ; 

Quoqiie magis pressa eBt,auctior Hydra redii. 
Heu ! quibya anticyris, quibus est sanabilis herbw, 

Improba scribendi pestia, avarua amor I 
IndiH sola tenet taotj medicamipa morbi, 

Dicitur et nostris ingeinuiese niatiG. 
Utile tabacci dedit ilia miserta venenumf 

Acri veratro quod melitira potest. 
Jaraque vides olidaB librie f'umare popinas; 

Naribue O doctia quam pretiosus odor ! 
H3c ego prsecipua credo herbam dote placete, 

Hinc tuuN has aebulas doctor in aetra vehir. 

'' Tliix IB a Latin venion of llnc« zq to 31 of ** Eyea a| 
TenT(" on page 76, 

' fki Sfl^lnh veriM to Dr Wiitp on p'Sfe 93, 



n 



ffkh 



ANDREW MARVELL 



265 



Ah ! men quid tandem facies tmidmsiniia charta ? 

Exseiftiias shicen jam parat. usque cuas. 
Hunc subeas libruin aancfi aeu limen asyli, 

Quem oeque delebit flamma nee ira Jovib. 



LEGATIONEM DOMINI OLIVER! 
ST JOHN^ AD PROVINCIAS 
FOEDERATAS' 



I I NGENIOS A viris cQDtingurt oomina magnis, 
A Vt dubitee casu vel raiione data. 
Nam Gors, cxca licet, tameu eat pr^esaga futuri; 

Ei Eub fatidico DOTniae vera premit. 
0)t tu, cui Eoii volun reapublica credi, 

Feeders seu Belgie seu nova bella feias, 
Haud frustra cecidit tibi compellatio (ailax, 
Ast scriptum ancipiti nomine munaa erai 5 
Scilicet hoc Martis, sed Pacia nuntius illo : 

CLavibus his Jani fe-rrea claustra regis. 
Non opus arcanoe chariia comraittere senBus, 

Et variS licitos condcre fraude doloa, 
Tu qucKjut si taceae, (amen est Legatio nomen, 
Et velut in scytale pubUca verba referfc. 
I V dtis Ofiverum, Batavi, Sanctumve Jghannem 
^^ Amiochus gyro uon breviore stent. 

^^ ' The Chitf Justice, Oliver Si Juhn, was b*iH fry Pat- 
luitDcut, on thi^ I4tti Fcbruiir^ [6; 1 , tq nefoliitf a (IricT 
allisncc with the Dutch. He haij msirieH the sister of 
John OMiTjri'lge, Marvsll's frJenil. 



266 



POEMS AND SATIRES OF 



DOCTORI INGELO 

CUM DOMINO WHITLOCKE AD REGINAM SUECl* 
DELEGATO A PROTECTORE, R.ESIUENTI, EPISTOLA 



i 



QUID facia, arctoi charissinie Traosfiiga coc 
Tngele, proh sem cognice, rapte cito ? 
Mum aatie hybernum defendis pellibus aatrum, 

Qui niodo tarn mollis, nee beae firmus, era»i 
Qus gentcs hominum,, qufE sit taatura loconirp,] 

Sint homints, potiue die ibi sintne loca ? 
Num gravis horriBono pglua obruit omoia lapsu,] 

Jungiti^r et praecepe mundus utrSque mre ? 
An melius cania horrescit campqs arietU, 

AanuuB agricolis et redit orbe labor ? 
Inculii, ut fertur, B*vam gens mitior orar 

Pace vigil, bello strenua, juata foro. 
Quin ibi sant urbes, atque alta patacia regum, 

Musarumque domas, et sua t-eanpla Deo. 
Nam regit imperii popdum Cbristina feT0cerH|1 

Et dare jura potest regia virgo viria. 
Utque traliit rigidum magnes aquilone meu))i: 

Gaudet earn Boboles ferrea sponle acqtit. 
Die cjuantiim liccat fallaci credere fam^, 

lovida num ta«at plura, sonetve l«quax. 
At, ei vera fides, mundi melion? ab ortu, 

Sicula Christina: nulla, tulere parcm ; 
Ipsa licet redeat (noiiiri decue orbis) Bliza, 

'Headect, in the t6Ei folio. "A Letter to Dccch 
la^lo, then tvith my Locil Whitlock, AdibaBsailor f<t 
the Protector to the Qlieiti o^ ^Vitd».cv" lageto 



ANDREW MARVELL 



267 



^^ Qualis noBUa tamen tjuaataque Eliza fiiic. 
I Vidimus eHigieni, mietasi^ue coiorabus umbrias : 
I Sic quoque Sceptripotens, sk quoque visa Dea, 

k^Augustam decorant (raro concordia !) frontem 
^^b MajeBtaS' et Ajuot, Forma, Pudor<]ue aimiil. 
^■Ingens viigineo apirat Gusiavus in ore : 

Agnoacas animoa fulmineumque patrem. 
Nulla. Eiio Dituit Cam lucida sLelU sub axe : 

Non ea qui mertiit crimine Nympha polum^ 
Ah ! quotiea pavirium demisit conscia lumen, 

Utque tu^ timuit Parrhask ora Dese ? 
Ht, simuJet faXssi ni pictgr imagine vultus, 

I^-eliS tarn sirqilis n^c fuit ipsa BJbi. 
Ni quod Jnoraaci Trivis slot forte capilli, 

Huic sed Eolliciia diGtribuantur acu. 
Scilicet ut nemo est i!lS reveremior xqui; 
Haud ipsoE igimr leit EJne lege comaa. 
loria ^ylvarum pariter communis uCrique 
Est, et perpeLux ^irginitatia hoDOB, 
lie quoque Nympharum supereminec agmina 
C0II0 
Cynthia fertque chores per ]uga, perque nives, 
aud alitor parileE ciLioriun contrahit arcus, 
Acribiis asc oculis tela subesse pules, 
umincbus dubites ao straverit ilia sagittis, 
Qua; fovet ex.uviis ardua cfHa, feram. 
Alcides, humeros cooperiUB pelJe Nertiixa, 

Haud ita labemis sustulit orbis onus. 
Heu qua: cerTices aubnectuat pectora tales, 

Frigidiora gelu, candidiora nive ? 
Csetera hoq licuit, Ecd tix ea tota, videri; 

kNam clausi rigido stant adamante sinus, 
eu chlamys artifici nimium sucicurrerit auao, 
Sicqae imperfectam fiigerit impar o'pvke \ 



266 



POF.MS AND SATIRES OF 



DOCTOR! INGELO 



CUM [JOMINO WHITLOCKE AD REGINAM SUECIf 
DELEGATO A PROTECTORE, KESIDENTi, EPI&TOLl ' 

QUID fa{:is, arctoi chanaeiine tra.asfuga cixli 
Ingele, proJi seru cognite, rapte cito? 
Nom satis hybermim defendia pellibus aBtnun, 

Qui ittodo tam mollis, nec bene firraus, era*? 
Qus gentes hominum, qus sit natura locorum, J 

Sint homines, potius dtc ibi sintne loca ? ^ 
Nu.ni gravii} horrisocQ polus ubruit omnia laptu, 

Jungkur ec praeceps munduB utrS-^ue aivv ? 
An meEius canis horrescit campus arietis, 

Anntiua sgricolis ec redit o^rbe labor ? 
Incolit, uL feriui, sxvam gens mkior oram. 

Face vigil, bello strenua, juBta foro. 
Quin, ibi sUDt urbea, aCque alta palacia regum^ 

Musarumque domus, et sua lempla Deo. 
Nam regie Imperio papuium Christina ferocem,! 

Et dare jura potest regis virgo Tirts. 
Utque trahit rigidum raagnes aquilonc raetallum, 

Gaudet earn Boboles ferrca sponte sequt. 
Die quantum liceat fallaci credere famae, 

Invida num taceat pliira, sonetve loqUilKi 
At, si vera fides, mundi meliori^ ab ortu, 

Sa^cuia Christina: nulla tukre parrm ; 
Ipsa licet cedeat (noatri decus orbis) Glizs, 

' Headeij, in the i6Si folio, "A Letcer » Dmcut^ 
lagetO) thcD with my Loril WhiTlack, Ambiiisnilot 
the PiotectOT to the Queen of Sweden." Ingel© 
t. frienil of Mafvell's, nr 1 ntrQ<luction, page x'lx. 



ANDREW MARVELL 



25? 



T Quails nostra tamen quantaque Eliza fuii. 

VidimuE effigiem, mistaeque coloribus umbras : 
Sic quoqne SceptripoteriB, sic quoque visa Deaj 

Auguetam decoranc (rarLi concordia !) frontem 
MajeRtas et Amor, Forma, Pudorque simul. 

IngcDs virgineo spir&t GuHtasus ifl ore : 
Agnoacas animoa mliiiineuincjLie patrem. 

Nulla suo nituit lam iucida slella sub axe : 
' Non ea c^mx merdt crimioe Nympha polum, 

I Ah I quoties pavidum dcmisit coiiEcia lumen, 
^ Utqu? SU1E ticiiuit Farrhasis era Des ? 

■Kt, simuSet faUS ni pictor imagine vuhus, 
^B Delia tarn HiiiuLiG nee fuit ipsa sibi. 
F Ni quod inoroati Trivia; einc forte capilli, 
Huic sed solticitji dJetribuantur acu. 

Scilicet ut nemo est ilia reverentior scqui; 
I Haud ipsas igitur fert Eine lege comas. 

j Gloria sylvanim pariter communis atrique 
I Est, et perpeluEE virgmitatis hoooa. 

I Sic quoque Nympharum supereminet agmina 

^^P Cynthia fcrtque cborOs per juga, perquc nivea, 
^^Tlaud alitur pariles ciliorum contrahit arcus, 

AcribuB ast ocalis tela subesse putes. 

^^LuminibuG dubites an etraverit ilia sagittie, 
^H Qax fovec exuviis ardua cdia, feram. 
I Alctdeft, iumcms coopertus pelle Nemsca, 

Haud ita labentia suatutit orbie onus, 
Heu qute cervice! suboectvnt pectora taJea, 

Frigidiora gelu, candidiora nive i 
I Cfficera noo licuit, eed vix ea lota, videri ; 

Nam clauBi rigido sTant adamante sinus. 
I Seu chUiYiys artifici nlmium succurrerit auso, 
^^ Sicque im per rectum fugerit impar opUA ; 



268 



POEMS AND SATIRES OF 



Sive tribus Bpcrnat Tictrix Certare IDcabus, 

Et pretium forma;, ncc spoiliala, ferat, 
Juiiaiii§ propcraos, et dara trophxa Mtocrvr, 

Mollia nam Veneris prEemia^ ndase piget. 
Hinc neque coneutuit fugitiva: prodjga formsc, 

Nee timuit seris invigilasae libris, 
InBomnem quotirg Nympb^e monuere seqiuicee. 

Decedit roseis heu color ille getiia. 
JamqiiB vtgil leni ceisil Philomela so^iort, 

OmnibuB et sykis conticaere fer^ ; 
Acrior ilia tamen pergit, curasque fatigaE ; 

Tanti est doctorum volverc scripta virftcn i 
Et licit! qtis eint itioderamina diacere rcgui, 

Quid fuerit, c^uid ail, noscerCj qui^cjuid erit. 
Sic quod JD ingenues Gothus peccaverit arttt. 

Vindicat, et etudiis expjat una suis. 
Excmplum dociles imitaatur Dobile g^Dtes, 

Et geminis ipfan* imbuit ora sonia. 
Tranepositos Svecis creda$ migrSESc. Latinos. 

Carnimc Romuleo sic acrepit omne ciemua. 
Upsala nee priBciii trnpar memoratur Atheots. 

^gidaque et curruE hie sua Patlas hsbet. 
mine O qudea. liceat Bperasse liquorea, 

Quum Dea prxeiideat fontibus ipBa sacria ! 
Illic lacte fluantj illk et dumina melle, 

Fulvaijiie inauratam titi^a.t arena ' Salam. 
Upealidci Musx nunc et majoi'a Cfttiemua, 

Quxque mihi fama? non le?i§ atira tulit. 
Creditui baud utli Cbristus signABse suorum 

Occultam geTOm^ de meliprc notam, 
Quemque tenet charo deecriptum tiomiue EeraperJ 

Non minus ex.BCulptuni pectore Rda refert. 

' XbmV, v-A^p A'ltta. 



ANDREW MARVELL 



369 



ola hsc virgineas depaacit flamma medulUs, 
Et licito prgit solvere corda foco. 
Tu quoque saoctorum fastos, Cbristioa, sacrabis, 

Unica ncc virgo Volainiensis erit. 
Uiacite nunc Reges (majeetas proxima ctelo) 
Disctte, proh, magaos hiac coluiaie Deos. 
Ah ! pudeat tailtoa pucrilia fingere ccepta, 

Nugaa ne§do quaa, et malel quserere opes; 
^cer cquo cuDCtos dum prarcerh ille BritaDoo, 

Et pccoriE spaliuna nescit iDerniie Hcqui; 
Ast aquilam poEcit Gerniano pellere nido, 

Deque Palatioo munte lugaie lupiini ; 
Von etiam latoa in pixdam jungite campos, 

Inipiaque arctacis cingite lustia plagis: 
Victor Oliveius nudum caput exserit armu, 

Ducere sive aequi nobile l£tu6 iter ; 
Qualis jam Bcoior Solymst GodfteduB ad arcea, 

Spinaqup cui canis floruit alba comis. ' 
Et Lappos Chrtsiina potest et solvere Finnos, 

Ultima, quos Borje carcere claustra prcmunt ; 
Mollis qualcB veflti fremuere sub ailtfia, 
Ht tcDtajit moDtis cotripuiaae ttioras. 
Hanc Dea si summa demiaerit arce procellam, 

I Quam gravis Austriacis tiesperiiequc cadat ! 

^HDmnia Eed redieos olini narraveris ipse; 
^H Nee reditu^ Bpero tempora longa petit. 
^Bfon ibi leota pigro stringuntur frigore verba, 
^^^ SolibuB et tandem were liquanda dovo; 
^^Bed radiia byemen Regina potentior urit ; 
^H Hsque magia eolvit^ quam ligac iHa poSuni. 

' Dr Giaart BugeesteJ a fun on Whttlock'^ nAinc, 
but Mr G. A. Aiikca thinkj the principal ^ctcTCtct \i \o 
white plaiae af Htnry of Nivarre. 



270 POEMS AND SATIRES OF 

Dicitur ct roatros mceirens aiidisee labores, 

Fortis et ingenuam genda amasse (idem. 
Oblat? Bstav^m nee paci commodat aiirein 

Nee versat Dansos insidioBa dolos. 
Scd pm fcatinat mut^tis fadera rebus, 

Kt libertatem, t^tia doAiiaatUSf ftltiat. 
Dignfi cui Salonioa mcritos retulisael bOR0rcs,i 

Et Saba concretum thure cremasset iter, 
Hanc tua., Bed melius, celebraverit, Inge 
Musa ; 

Et labor eet v^trce debitus ille lyrx. 
Nob sine Ce frustra TbamesiE ealiceta sabimu 

Sparsaque per eteriiea turba vagamur sgiosi 
Et male tencaori querulam respondet avcDa: 

Quin et Rogecio di&silmere fides, 
Hffc tamen absenci memorPB dictamus amico.| 

Grataque speramus qualiacumqiie fore. 



IN EFFIGIEM OLIVERI 
CROMWELL 



HJEC est qu% toti«6 inimico^ umbra fiigav 
At sub qua civcs ctia lenia lerunt 



ANDREW MARVELL 



?yi 



EANDEM REGINjE SUECIjE 
TRANSMISSAM ' 



J IPO TENS yirgo, septem Regina 
XJ Tnonum, 

Cliristina, arctoa lucida HtcUa poli! 
Cernis quas merui durii sub casside rugas ; 

Stcque scDex armis impiger ora- tero; 
Invia fatorum duni per veBtigia nitor, 

Exsequar el popuJi fortia jue&a maau. 
At tibi Eubmittit frantem rev^reodor umbra, 

Nee Eunt hi vultue regibuB usque truces. 

' These ramous linei, sent by Cromwell, with his por- 

Trnit, to Queen ChTiitiiiR of S^ed^D, have beea as-cribeil 
to Miltati,, but bt^aidti Apptdiriiij ia the i63[ cdLtioii they 
arc aStinbuIcd Id Marvcll by scventcrntli and tightccntb 
century writers, who appear to hane lieen fond of turning 
them into Eoglhh. Oae aitempt rum u folbwe : — 

"Queen of the North ! Resplendent polar Star ! 
Christina Fair, great heroine of the War 1 
ffhold what furrows Lhi& rude task has mattC) 
Anil how in arms ^'rown old I lift my htaii '. 
Whilst through the maie of fnCe I'ue boldly prest 
To execute my co-antry'i high liehcat. 
In youf fcrJijht preicocc kc thin iniiigt bow, 
|To_kjngt nut always hostile is this brow/' 




fjl 



POEMS 



[RES Ol 



nP02 KAPPOAON TON BASIAEA.' 

Ei df tff^Bif 0j^\oii roc?; o-yvyiii'Arav Wfirja' 



AD REGEM CAROLUM, PARODIA 

JAM satlg peeds, satis atque diri 
Fulminis mkit Fater, et rubeoti 
Dextera nostras jaculatus arces 

Terruit urbaa 

Termit civee, grave ne rediret 
Priutin'UTn siscluni nova monstra question, 
Omoe cum peetis ptcuE egit altos 

Visere montet. 

Cum ^hgilz latiA genus hxeit agri8> 
Nota qure sedes fuerat bubulcie : 
Cum, togi abjecta, pavido^ reliquii 

Oppida doccuL 

' These liinea to Charln I. spf^arcd ort^uiatl) ■ 

Masa Cantalir^irnsit, 1637, Cogfither with the followu 
"Paiociii" an HorBce — dii jiMguiiumCatiiarttifCwm., 



i 



ANDREW MARVELL 



»73 



Vidimus Chamum fiuvium, retortie 
Littow a dextro violeoter undis, 
Ire p1or3Q»tn monumenta jpesUB, 

Teuiplaqiie clausa. 

Graata dum semtyt niiiiium (juereuti 
Miscet uxori, v;igus et sinistra 
Labitur ripa, Jove comprobante, 

Tristior amnia. 



Audiit ccelo? acuisw fcmm, 

Quo ^ravea Turcw melius perir«nt ; 

Audiit mortcs, vitio pjtencum, 

Raia juveatUE. 

Qucm vOCct Divum populus ruentis 
Imperi rebus ? Prece qufl fatigenl 
Doccior ctetue minua audientes 

Csrmina ccelos ? 

Cui dabit paries luis cxpiacdx 
Jupit«r, tandem venias, precamur, 
Nube candentes bumero* amictus, 

Auxiiiator, 

Sive ni mavis, Erycins nOBtra, 

Quam JocuB circumvolat et Cupido, 
Tuque oeglectum genus ct oepowt 

Auxcris ipsa ; 

Sola tarn longam removere pcslcm, 
Quam juvat luctus, ("aciesi^ue irisiis, 
Prolifi optaiS rtparare mole 

Sola potesque 



171 



'OEMS AI 



SATIRES OF 



Sivc felici Carolum figura 
Parvulus princeps imitemr, dmie 
Sive Marix decDietpuellam 

Dulci« imago. 

Serua in ccelum redess, diucjue 

LKtusintergia popvilo Britanno ; 
Neve te, flostris tidis imf^uum, 

Oc'ior Du 

Tollat. Hie magnos patius triumpbos, 
Hie ames diet pater atque princeps, 
Et nov3 mortes reparare prole, 

Te patre, Cxh 



CUIDAM QUI LEGENDO 
SCRIPTURAM 

I>ECRIPSIT FOBMAM, SAPIEHTIAM SOKT&M({tn 

flUTHOBrS. IH.USTRISSIMO VIRO 

DOMINO LANCELOTO JOSEPHO 
DE MANIBAN. 



Okammatomanti. 



QUIS postbac charts committal KDtt 
loquaci. 
Si 9ua crEdiderit fata Bubesse stylo^ 
Conscia si prodat scribeBtis litera aortera, 

Quictjuid cl in vita pSus latUlBSe velit ? 
Fexibus in caUmi tamen omnia spdnte legyotur ; 

(^uod GOO significaiit verba, Ggura natar. 
RcIIerophoDteas signal ^ibi qulsque tabetlaa ; 
Ignarajnpue mianum spiritus iotUB agiii 



H 



ANDREW MARVELL 



27s 



« 



il prater salitum sap-iebat e^istol^ no-stra, 

Exemplunique nieic gimplicJEatiK erat: 
Fabula jucundos qualifi delecrat amicos; 

Urbe, leporCj dovia, carmine, tota scatcDs. 
Hic tamen interprea, quo non aecurioi alter 

(Non res, noo voces, non ego aotus ei>) 
Rimatur librae notularum cautus afuspcx, 

Scripturseque inhians consulit exta hire. 
lade »tattm vitx casus, anlmique rcceGSUs, 

Gxplicat (baud Genio plura liquere putcmj. 
OiBtribuic Totuiu Dostrisevenubus orbem^ 

£c i^uo me rapiat cardiae s-phxra docet. 
Qu£ Sol oppo&icus, {]use Mars adversa minetui, 

Jupiter aut ubi me, Luna Venuaque juvent 
Vt trucis inteotet mihi vulnera cauda Draconis; 

Vipereolevet ut vulneremore caput. 
Hinc mihi prsteriti rationed acque futuri 

Elicit i Afitrcilagus certior Aatronomo, 
t conjecturas ntqueam discerucre vero, 

Hiatonse superet sed genitara fidem. 
eque adeo cxrlireapoDdet pagiua aostrac, 

Astrorum ct nexuB syllaba acripta refcrt. 
Scilicet et toto subsunt oracula mundo, 

Dummodo tot foliis una Sibylla forct. 
Partum fortima: mater Datura pr^JpiDquum 

Miitc modis monstrat, mille per indicia ; 
Ingentpmque uterum qua mok pueipera solviit ; 

Vivit at in prxsens maxima pars homisunt. 
Ast tu sorte tua gaude, celeberrime vatum : 

Scribe, sed haurf superest qui tua fata legat. 
NoHtra tamen ai fas prxeagia juogere vestria, 

Quo magis inepexti sidera spernia humum, 
Et, niai fttellarum fueris divioa propago, 

Naupliada credam te P«[am«dc aniam -. 



i'j6 



POEMS AND SATIRES OF 



Qui deditex avium scriptoria signa rolatv, 
Sidereaijue idem nobiJis arte fuit. 

Hinc utriueque tibi cognata Ecientia crpvit. 
Nee minus augurjum liters quam dat avie. 



INSCRIBENDA LUPAR-£ 

CONSURGIT LupaTE dum dod iimtabtle_ 
culmcD, 
EscurUle ingen« uritur invidia. 

RegibuB haec poBuit Ludoviciia templa iucuris i 
Gratior asC ip^i Caatra Tuere damus. 

Hanc Bibi sydeream Ludovicuii condidit aulam i 
Nee ae propterea credidit esue Deum. 

Atria mir^ris, summocurnque Aethcra tecto} 
Nee tamen in toto est arctior orbc caga. 

Inacitueote domum Ludovico, prodtit; orbis} 
Sic tamen augustoB tncolit ille Lareit, 

Smut geminy .'ani pq>rt^, aunt testa Tonaniist 
Nee deerit Numen dum Ludovicus adcst. 



IN EUNUCHUM POETAM 

NEC fitcrilem te cred*, licet muUerihus «xul 
Fakem Virginia; nequeasinirmiterc meau, 
Et noBtro peccare modo. Tibi fama pcreDot* 
Pi'acgnabit, rapieaque floveni dt monte aororei,] 
Et parici moduloa Echo repetlu ncj)ote«. 



ANDREW MARVELL 



*77 



h 



THE FRENCH TRANSLATION 
OF LUCAN, BY MONSIEUR 
DE BREBEUF, ARE THESE 
VERSES;— 

'EST de luy <]ue ddub vient ccc act in- 
genieax 

De peindie la paroEe, et de parler anx yetts j 
Et, par ]eB iraitB diverE de iigures traces, 
I>onner de la couleur ct du cotpB aux peosecB. 



TRANSLATED 

acundJEi dedlt ille nous, imerprete plumae 
. iDBlBUafe fioDos occilis, et pingerc voces, 
■^Et mentera cbartis,. oculis impertiic aurem. 



BLUDIUS ET CORONA' 



BLUDIUS, lit mtia danmura repararet a,viic, 
Addiicic fiaco duni diadema suo ! 
Egregium sacro facmua relayic amictu : 

(Larva aolet ceges fallere cuIU magis) : 
Excidit ast ausiB tactua pietate profaoa : 
Custodem ut servet, maluit ipse capi. 
Si ntodo ea:eviti3m texisset pontificalem 
^H Veat~ saccrdotis, raipta. corona fgret.. 



SCAEVOLA SCOTO-BRITANNUS 

ARPIUS cxercet dum saevae peHIdus 
iras, 
Et proprit paetor ait lupus ipse gregia ; 
itt EocUsh ^i:ni(iD, fi^t 213. 



SHAF 

^B Et pro 



«78 



POEMS AND SATIkES 



Lenu Tidlcbatur coeli vJodicta Michello, ' 

Et (as in talcm credidit omne nefas. 
Peccat in insonti sed pracsule misBile plumbuoi,, 

(Insoni) si praeHul quilibct esse potest^. 
Culpa par, at dispar sequitur foTtuaa Jacobo* : 

Ocrea torc^uet idem, mitra beatque eceluG. 
Quanta, at percuesor crimeD virtute piavit 1 

Judicibu^que ipsie i^uam revercDdus erat ! 
Quid de ee beret melius praetore docebat: 

Non poeaaa ilium eed dare jura putes, 
C^rnificeiii tremulum juhet ftbetinuifise AUitstra ; 

Errorcm dexrrae dextera sura luat. 
Nee mora, feralem tortore aptante cothDraum 

Tanquaiti Eutdt~i COrtiltlodat usque pedem ; 1 
Eatima contuso et dum ringitur oEse medulla, \ 

Calceus urit ubi cernere nemo quest. 
Ut vocat ! ut proprii sedet ad spectacuia crurit 

Immotus pgpulo conimiserante reus ! 
Non vultu aui tilla confessua voce doSorem, 

Sub cuncD iqiian^uatn tibia preesa gemii. 
Inier lictorie nisuB feriatur aahdi ; 

Nee vult Bupplicii conEcius eeGe sui. 
LassuB at loterea patitur tarmeata minister 

(Qui seaiiK soIIub dicitur ille pati] ; 
Scaevola ei Thuscum potuit terrerc tyrandum, 

Fonius hoc specimen Scotia nostra dcdic. 
Numina. cum temoas, homines ne spernito, Shait 

Hie e tercentum Mutius Uaus efal. 

' James Mitchell attempted to aasBHinatr Arckbli_ 
Sharp on the nth July 166B. Hewm capiHTedjtoniir 
liy the boot, and put to death in i£73. 



■ INDEX TO FIRST LINES ^| 




PACE 


^^^After two sittlngi, now our Lady State 


'59 


^^ki ! Haleigh, wben Tby breath thou didst resign , 


IJO 


^^BUdft ! haw pleasant are their days 


^9 


' A» citio thjt to the fierce contjti-tror yitld . 


240 


Ai one put dtnink into the paclcft-bo»t 


149 


BeitipotCDa virgo, leplem Regina TnoDiim . 


171 


Bludiui, lit nit'ii d^fflnum repAfiirtt aviti 


277 


Cernia ul Eoi dcBcendal geminula rorti 


zSo' 


Cerni« ui ingctiti disting^ant limite nmpum 


159 


Chlora, cditic view my ioui, »ai tell , 


Si 


Climb at C(*urt, for tnc, that iriU 


73 


Com'!, little InranC, love mc now 


45 


CODtuTgit lupars dum aaa imitahile calmGO 


176 


Counge, my s-oul ! Now learo In vticli 


83 


Diman, coine drive thy ftocki this way 


80 


Daphuia mu^t from Chloe pirt . 


61 


EuQiiib; and leave the rest to iamc . 


9? 


FacuiidJi dcdit ille notii^ intcrpretc plumaa . 


177 


Finl U'3a the world at oac great cymbal maJc 


7' 


For faullB wi follwt London'* doom ahill fii 


2]S 


G(i, intercept tome roualiin en the vein 


JIB 


Great Charlo, who fiill of mctcy might's 


t 




129 


Had we but world eaaugh vnil time . 


ss 


Hire est cfux totiea inimicoB umbrA fu^avit 


170 


Hsrk 1 how the mower Dnnnon luog 


48 


Here lie the (acred bones .... 


iia 


Holland, thai scarcf dfiervea the name of Umd 


>5J 


How vainly men ihcmielvcs a,mttzc 


37 


How wliely Nature did decree . 


75 


Ingcaiofa viris contlciguiit nqmina msgnh , 


. 26s 


Jim »ti* pcntis, s^tis Qtij^ut diti . 


ijt 


^^jCeodal is dead, aod Cambridge riding post. 


lit 


H^Like the vain curlingi pfthe wat'ry maxe 


107 


^^(^ujcuriaus Rian Co bring hU vice ia uie 


!^ 


P Mag^dala la»civai sic quum "[iraijit ■.mantes 


. S64 


L My Love ie of 3 birth xi rare 


■ 6? ,, 



i8o INDEX TO FIRST LINES 



My cnin'l wai once die true iQrvcy 

Nature had loag t trtAAurt madi; 

Ncc atcrilcm te crcde, licet invjlieribui cxol. 

Nemfe lie Innumera iiiccrctcuiit ngmjiie llbri 

Na-vt doei Spum't Aesi her apaciti-ud wine« ufit'iilil 

ObSigt'i Tty frcqutnt viaits of this man 

'fj BucrapiiTToxfiitoi, W»t' ci SuaitoTitot ipififiis 

Of s (aili staturcr, anil nf table hue 

Oar [ime> are mocli ilegenerote fiam thoac 

O, who iball from thia duG^eoii raiK . 

Painter, once rnort Lhy pencil rraunroe 

PIiiULg, T&malin, away - - . . , 

Quid facij, aretoi charissimc iranifufa ccclr 

Qojsnam aJco, mortale gTHu* ! pracordb veiaat . 

Quis posthac charts cgmmittal venss loquaci 

Sttc hitv the arched enrCh d^att here 

Sec how the ■orient ilcw .... 

See with what eimplitity 

Sbarpiui ezcrcM diim t.ys'^ns pcrfiilu^ irpi 

Sit further aoiI make room f«r thiln« on'n fame 

So his Slow tubt raiQ to ihe lun applied , 

Spread .1 larj^E [:3,nv39, Painter, to contain 

That Providence which had 9i> bag the care 

The aBtTaloget'* QWO eytS ate *c) 

Tiw forward yoiath that woulii appear 

The wanton troopera riding by , 

Thiflk'it tbou chat this lo-ve cao itand 

To make a fiaa) conijucgl of nil fltc . 

What can be the mystery, why Charing CroM 

We read in profane end tacred rrcorda 

Whcti ClarenLJon had discerned bcfotehamt 

When (taring filooij, hig rent la have regained 

When death ihall sasuh u^ from these kidB 

Wlitn for the thorni 'With which 1 long, too lasf 

When I beheld the poet blind^ yet bald 

When the otd heroes of she warlike ihidei 

When the plale was ,il pawn^ and the fct « Low 

ebb 

Wbcrc the rernole llentiuilas ride 
Within tfaii sober frame irnpeet . , • i ■ 

Ye living lampa by whose dear lifhi . , ^ 
You, that dceiphet out th* fate . 



ColiUiit A* Ct^. L-tfiiJIni, Prmlcri, EdifhurtK. 



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