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THE POETICAL WORKS 



JOHN MILTON 



•34 



by Google 



HENRY FROWDE, M.A, 



by Google 



by Google 




i^^^j-oy^ fiiiioni^ 



After the Pamtiag hy Fai- 



Hosted by CoOt^Ic 



THE 

POETICAL WORKS 
JOHN MILTON 

EDITED AFTER THE ORIGINAL TEXTS 



REV. H. C. BEECHING, M.A. 

BALLIOt COLLEGE, OXFORD 



OrfotJ 

AT THE CLARENDON PRESS 
1900 



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lyGoot^le 



PREFACE. 



This edition' of Milton's Poetry is a reprint, as careful as 
Editor and Printers have been able to make it, from the earliest 
printed copies of the several poems. First the 1645 volume 
of the Miner Poems has been printed entire ; then follow in order 
the poems added in the reissue of 1673 ; the Paradise Lost, 
from the edition of 1667 ; and the Paradise Regain' d a.r\^ Samson 
Agonistes from the edition of 1671. 

The most interesting portion of the book must be reckoned 
the first section of it, which reproduces for the first time the 
scarce small octavo of 1645. The only reprint of the Minor 
Poems in the old spelling, so far as I know, is the one edited 
by Mitford, but that followed the edition of 1673, which is com- 
paratively uninteresting since it could not have had Milton's 
oversight as it passed through the press. We know that it was 
set up from a copy of the 1645 edition, because it reproduces 
some pointless eccentricities such as the varying form of the chorus 
to Psalm cjQtxvi; but while it corrects the errata tabulated in 
that edition it commits many more blunders of its own. It is 
valuable, however, as the editio princeps of ten of the sonnets, 
and it contains one important alteration in the Ode on the 
Nativity. This and all other alterations will be found noted 
where they occur. I have not thought it necessary to note 
mere differences of spelling between the two editions, but a word 
may find place here upon their general character. Generally it 
may be said that, where the two editions differ, the later spelling 
is that now in use. Thus words like goddess, darkness, usually 
written in the first edition with 'one final s, have two, while On 
the other hand words like vernall, youthfull, and monosyllables 



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Treface. 



like hugg, farr, lose their double letter. Many monosyllables, 
e. g. som, cours, glimps, wher, vers, aw, els, dan, ey, ly, so written 
in 1645, take on in 1673 an e mute, while words like harpe, 
■windes, onely, lose it. By a reciprocal change ayr and cipress become 
air and cypress; and the vowels in daign, vail, neer, beleeve, 
sheild, boosom, eeven, hattail, travaikr, and many other words are 
similarly modernized. On the other hand there are a few cases 
where the 1645 edition exhibits the spelling which has succeeded 
in fixing itself, as travail (1673, travel) in the sense of labour ; and 
rob' d, profane, human, flood and Moody, forest, triple, alas, huddling, 
are found where the 1673 edition has roab'd,prophane, humane, 
floud and bloudy, forrest, trippk, alass and hudling. Indeed the 
spelling in this later edition is not untouched by seventeenth 
century inconsistency. It retains here and there forms like 
shameles, cateres, (where 1645 reads cateress), and occasionally 
reverts to the older-fashioned spelling of monosyllables without 
the mute e. In the Epitaph on the Marchioness of Winchester, 
it reads — 'And som flowers and some bays.' But undoubtedly 
the impression on the whole is of a much more modern text. 

In the matter of small or capital letters I have followed the old 
copy, except in one or two places where a personification seemed 
not plainly enough marked to a modern reader without a capital. 
Thus in II Penseroso, 1. 49, 1 print Leasure, althoi^h both editions 
read leasure; and in the Vacation Exercise, 1, 71, Times for times. 
Also where the employment or omission of a capital is plainly 
due to misprinting, as too frequently in the 1673 edition, I 
silently make the correction. Examples are, notes for Notes in 
Sonnet xvii. 1. 13; Anointed ior anointed in VszXraiiA. la. 

In regard to punctuation I have followed the old printers 
except in obvious misprints, and followed them also, as far as 
possible, in their distribution of roman and italic type and in the 
grouping of words and lines in the various titles. To follow them 
exactly was impossible, as the books are so very different in size. 

At this point the candid reader may perhaps ask what advantage 
is gained by presenting these poems to modern readers in the dress 
of a bygone age. If the question were put to me I should 
probably evade it by pointing out that Mr. Frowde is issuing 
an edition based upon this, in which the spelling is frankly that of 
to-day. But if the question were pressed, I think a sufficient 
answer might be found. To begin with, I should point out 
that even Prof. Masson, who in his excellent edition argues 
the point and decides in favour of modern spelling, allows that 
(vi) 



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"Preface. 



' there are peculiarities of Milton's spelling which are really signi- 
ficant, and ought therefore to be noted or preserved,' But who 
is to determine exactly which words are spelt according to the 
poet's o«n instructions, and which according to the printer's 
whim ? It is notorious that in Paradise Lost some words were 
spelt upon a deliberate system, and it may very well happen that 
in the volume of minor poems which the poet saw through the 
press in 1645, there were spellings no less systematic. Prof. 
Masson makes a great point of the fact that Milton's own spelling, 
exhibited in the autograph manuscriptof some of the minor poems 
preserved in Trinity College, Cambridge, does not correspond 
with that of the printed copy'. This is certainly true, as the 
reader may see for himself by comparing the passage from the 
manuscript given in the appendix with the corresponding place 
in the text. Milton's own spelling revels in redundant ^s, while the 
printer of the 1645 book is very sparing of them. But in cases 
where the spelling affects the metre, we find that the printed text 
and Milton's manuscript closely correspond; and it is upon its 
value in determinirig the metre, quite as much as its antiquarian 
interest, that I should base a justification of this reprint. Take, 
for instance, such a line as liie eleventh of Comus, which Prof. 
Masson gives as :— 

Amongst the enthroned gods on sainted seals. 

A reader not learned in Miltonic rhythms will certainly read this 
line : 

Amongst th' enthroned gods 

But the 1645 edition reads : 

Amongst the enthron'd gods 

and so does Milton's manuscript. Again, in line 597, Prof. Masson 
reads : 

It shall be in eternal restless change 
Self-fed and self- consumed. If this fail. 
The pillared firmament is rottenness, &c. 

But the 1645 text and Milton's manuscript read self-consum'd; 

' This manuscript, invaluable to all students of Milton, has lately been 
facsimiled under the superintendence of Dr. Aldis Wright, and published at 
the Cambridge Universily Press, 
(vii) 



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'Preface. 



after which word there is to be understood a metrical pause to 
mark the violent transition of the thought. 

Again in the second line of the Sonnet to a Nightingak Prof. 
Masson has : 

Warblest at eve when all the woods are still 

but the early edition, which probably follows Milton's spelling, 
though in this case we have no manuscript to compare, reads 
'Warbl'st.' So the original text oi Samson, 1, 67a, has 'teraper'st.' 
The retention of the old system of punctuation may be less 
defensible, but I have retained it because it may now and then 
be of use in determining a point of syntax. The absence of 
a comma, for example, after the word hearse in the 58th line 
of the Epitaph on the Marchioness of Winchester, printed by 
Prof, Masson thus ; — - 



but in the 1645 edition :— 



goes to prove that for here must be taken as 'fore. 

Of the Paradise Lost there were two editions issued during 
Milton's lifetime, and while the first has been taken as our test, 
all the variants in the second, not being simple misprints, have 
been recorded in the notes. In one respect, however, in the 
distribution of the poem into twelve books instead of ten, it 
has seemed best, for the sake of practical convenience, to follow 
the second edition. A word may be allowed here on the famous 
correction among the Errata prefixed to the first edition ; ' Lib. 
2. V. 414, for we read wee! This correction shows not only 
that Milton had theories about spelling, but also that he found 
means, though his sight was gone, to ascertain whether his rules 
had been carried out by his printer ; and in itself this fact justifies 
a facsimile reprint. What the principle in the use of the double 
vowel exactly was {and it is found to affect the other monosyllabic 
pronouns) it is not so easy to discover, though roughly it is 
clear the reduplication was intended to mark emphasis. For 
example, in the speech of the Divine Son after the battle in 
heaven (vi. 810-817) the pronouns which the voice would naturally 
emphasize are spelt with the double vowel : 
(viii) 



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Treface. 



Stand onely and behold. 
Gods indignation on these Godless pourd 
By mee ; not you but mee they liave despis'd, 
Yet envied ; against mee js all thir rage, 
Because the Father, t'whom in Heav'n supreani 
Kingdom and Power and Glorie appertains, 
Hath honourd me according to his will. 
Therefore to mee thir doom he hath assig'n'd. 
In the Son's speech offering himself as Redeemer (iii. 227-249) 
where the pronoun all through is markedly emphasized, it is 
printed mee the first four times, and aiterwards me ; but it is 
noticeable that these first four times the emphatic word does 
not stand in the stressed place of the verse, so that a careless 
reader might not emphasize it, unless his attention were specially 
called by some such sign : 

Behold mee then, mee for him, life for life 
I offer, on mee let thine anger fall; 
Account mee man. 
In theZ5'm« of Creation (v. 160-209) where _>'^ occurs fourteen 
times, the emphasis and the metrical stress six times out of seven 
coincide, and the pronoun is spelt yee-, where it is unemphatic, 
and in an unstressed place, it is spelt je. Two lines are especially 
instructive : 

Speak yee who best can tell, ye Sons of light (1. 160) ; 

Fountains and yee, that warble, as ye flow, 
Melodious murmurs, warbling tune his praise (1. 195). 

In V. 694 it marks, as the voice by its emphasis would mark in 
reading, a change of subject ; 

So spake the fat!,e Arch-Angel, and infus'd 

Of his Associate ; hfe(^.e. the associate) together calls, &c. 
An examination of other passages, where there is no antithesis, 
goes to show that the lengthened form of the pronoun is most 
frequent before a pause (as vii. 95) ; or at the end of a line {i. 245, 
257) ; or when a foot is inverted (v. 133) ; or when as object it pre- 
cedes its verb (v. 612 ; vii. 747), or as subject follows it (ix. 1109; 
X. 4). But as we might expect under circumstances where a 
purist could not correct his own proofs, there are not a few 
inconsistencies. There does not seem, for example, any special 
emphasis in the second we of the following passage : 

Because tete freely lov-e, as in our will 
To love or not ; in this we stand or fall (v. 538). 
(ix) 



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'Preface. 



On the other hand, in the passage (iif. 41) in which the poet 
speaks of his own blindness : 

Thu3 witli the Year 
Seasons return, but not to me returns 
Day, &c 

where, if anywhere, we should expect mee, we do not find it, 
though it occurs in the speech eight lines below. It should be 
added that this differentiation of the pronouns is not found in any 
printed poem of Milton's before Paradise Lost, nor is it found in 
the Cambridge autograph. In that manuscript the constant forms 
are me, wee, yee. There is one place where there is a difference 
in the spelling of she, and it is just possible that this may not 
be due to accident. In the first verse of the song in Arcades, the 
MS. reads : 

This, this is shee ; 
and in the third verse : 

This, this is slie alone. 
This use of the double vowel is found a few times in Paradise 
Regain'd; in ii. 259 and Jv. 486, 497 where mee begins a line, and 
in iv. 638 where hee is specially emphatic in the concluding 
lines of the poem. In Samson Aganisies it is more frequent 
{e.g. lines 124, 178, 193, 22a, 252, 390, 1125). Another word 
the spelling of which in Paradise Lost will be observed to vary is 
the pronoun their, which is spelt sometimes thir. The spelling 
in the Cambridge manuscript is uniformly thire, except once 
when it is thir; and where their once occurs in the writing 
of an amanuensis the e is struck through. That the difference 
is not merely a printer's device to accommodate his line may 
be seen by a comparison of lines 358 and 363 in the First 
Book, where the shorter word comes in the shorter line. It is 
probable that the lighter form of the word was intended to be 
used when it was quite unemphatic. Contrast, for example, in 
Bookiii. 1. 59: 

His own worlis :md their works at once to view 

with line 113: 

Thir maker and thir making and Ihtr Fate. 

But the use is not consistent, and the form thir is not found at all 
till the 349th hne of the First Book. The distinction is kept up 
in the Paradise Megain'd and Samson Agonistes, but, if possible, 
with even less consistency. Such passages, however, as Paradise 
Regain'd, iii. 414-440; Samson Agonistes, 880-890, are certainly 



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Treface. 



spelt upon a method, and it is noticeable that in the choruses the 
lighter form is universal. 

Paradise Regatn'd and Samson Agonisies were published in 
1671, and no further edition was called for in the remaining 
three years of the poet's lifetime, so that in the case of these 
poems there are no new readings to record ; and the texts were 
so carefully revised, that only one fault (Paradise Regain'd, 
ii. 309) was left for correction later. In these and the other 
poems I have corrected the misprints catalogued in the tables of 
Mrrata, and I have silently corrected any other unless it m^ht 
be mistaken for a various reading, when I have called attention 
to it in a note. Thus I have not recorded such blunders as 
Lttbian for Lesbian in the 1645 text of Lyddas, line 63 ; or 
hallow for hollow Jn Paradise Losf, vi. 484 ; but I have noted 
content for concent, in At a Solemn Mustek, hne 6. 

In conclusion I have to offer my sincere thanks to all who 
have collaborated with me in preparing this Edition ; to the 
Delegates of the Oxford Press for allowing me to undertake 
it and decorate it with so many facsimiles; to the Controller 
of the Press for his unfailing j^ourtesy ; to the printers and 
printer's reader for their care and pains. Coming nearer home 
I cannot but acknowledge the help I have received in looking 
over proof-sheets from my sister, Mrs. P. A, Barnett, who has 
ungrudgingly put at |^e service of this book both time and eye- 
sight. In taking leave of it, I may be permitted to say that it 
has cost more of both these inestimable treasures than I had 
anticipated. The last proof reaches me just a year after the first, 
and the progress of the work has not in the interval been 
interrupted. In tenui labor et tenuis gloria. Nevertheless I cannot 
be sorry it was undertaken, 

H. C. B. 

Yattendon Rectory, 
November % 1S99. 



<») 



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CONTENTS. 



Miscellaneous Poems^ 

On the MoRNitJO of Christs Nati-v 
The Hymn .... 

A pARAPHItASE ON PsALH II4 

The Passion .... 

On Time . . 

Upon the Ciuccmcision 

At a Solemn Musick . 

An Epitaph oh the Marchioness o 

Song on May m 

On Shake 

On the U 

Another on the same 

L'Allegro 

Il Pensehoso ......... 

Sonnets (I-X) 28 

Arcades 

Ltcidas 

A Maske presented at Ludlow Castle, 1634 .... 
Poems added in the 1673 Edition— 

On the Death of a fair Infant 

At a Vacation Exehcise 

The Fifth Ode of Horace. Lie. I 

Sonnets (XI-XIX) 82 

Sonnet— On the new forcers of Conscience under the Long 

Parliament 

Sonnet — On the Lord Gen. Fairfax at the seige of Colchester 
To the Lord General! Cromwell May 1652 . 

„ To S' Henry Vane the younger 

,, To Mr. Cyriack Skinner upon his Blindness , 
(ai) 



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Contents. 



Psalms I-VIII. Done into Verse, 1653 

„ LXXX-LXXXVIH. Done into Metre, i( 
Passages translated in the Prose Writings . 



Paradise Lost— 



Paradise Regain'd— 



Samson Agonist es 



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POEMS 

OF 
Mr. fohn t5Mihon , 

BOTH 
ENGLISH and LATIN, 

Compos'd at fevcral times. 

TrinteJ by his true Copies, 

The Songs were fee in Mufick hy 

Mr. Henry Lawes Gentleman of 
the Rings Chappcl, and one 

ofHisMAlESTIBS 

Private Mufick. 

Saccare frontem 

Cingitc, iie vati noceat mala tin^MB^fatUr^ 

Virgil, Edt^. 7. 

Printed and pnblipj'd according to 
ORDER. 

LONDON, 

Printed by Rath R/itPanh for Humphrey Meftliyt 

and are tobe fold atthefigneof thePcinccs 

AimsirvS. PdH/zCbarch-vard. i^ff- 



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POEM S,6cc. 

UPON 

Several Occafions. 



tUt.JO H N MILTON: 



Both E N C L I S H and L A T 1 N >&c. 
Compofcd at fevcral times. 



WkhafmallTraaateof 

EDUCATION 

To Mr. HARTLIB 



L w n N, 

Printed for Tho.Driirg at the E/fw Anchor 

next Mitre Court over againft Fetter 

Larte'mfteet-freet. 1673. 



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THE STATIONER 
TO THE READER. 

Jt is not any private respect of gain. Gentle Reader, f&r the 
slightest Pamphlet is now adayes more vendible then the Works 
of leamedest men ; but it is the love I have to our own language 
thai hath made me diligent to collect, and set forth such Peeces both 
in Prose and Vers as may renew the wonted honour and esteem of our 
English tongue : and it's the worth of these both English and Latin 
Poems, not the fiourish of any prefixed encomions that can invite 
thee to buy them, though these are not without the highest Com- 
mendations and Applause of the /ea^Tzerfs^ Academicks, boihdomestick 
and forrein : And amongst those of our own Countrey, the un- 
paraltePd attestation of that renowned Provost of 'Ea.toa, Sir Henry 
Wootton .■ / know net thy palat how it relishes such dainties, nor 
how harmonious thy soul is ; perhaps more trivial Airs may please 
thee better. Bui howsoever thy opinion is spent upon these, that 
ineouragement I have already received fi-om the most ingenious men 
in their clear and courteous entertainment of Mr. Wallers late 
choice Peeces, hath once more made me adventure into the World, 
presenting it with these ever-green, and not to be Hasted Laurels. 
The Authors more peculiar excellency in these studies, was too well 
known to conceal his Papers, or to keep me from attempting to 
sollicit them from him. Let the event guide it self which way it will. 



I shall deserve of the age, by bringing 

as the Muses have brought forth since 

■whose Poems in these English t 

sweetly excell'd. Reader, if thou 

worth, L am not fearful to expose them to thy exactest perusal. 

Thine to command 

Humph. Moseley. 



into the Light as true a Birth, 
famous Spencer wrote; 
■e as rarely imitated, as 



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•^MISCELLANEOUS TOE MS. 

On the Morning of Christs Nativity. 



This is the Month, and this the happy morn 
Wherin the Son of Heav'ns eternal King, 
Of wedded Maid, and Virgin Mother born. 
Our great redecnption from above did bring ; 
For so the holy sages once did sing, 

That he our deadly forfeit should release, — - '•■' 
And with his Father work us a perpetual peace. 



That glorious Form, that Light unsufferable. 

And that far-beaming blaze of Majesty, 

Wherwith he wont at Heav'ns high Councel-Table, - f 

To sit the midst of Trinal Unity, 

He laid aside ; and here with us to be, 

fc^rsook the Courts of everlasting Day, ^ 

Aii3 chose with us a darksom House of mortal Ciay.j 



Say Heav'nly Muse, shall not thy sacred vein 
[^^ord a present to the Infant God ? J 
Hast thou no vers, no hymn, or solemn strein, 
To welconi him to this his new abode, 
Now while the Heav'n by the Suns team untrod. 

Hath took no print of the approching light, 20 

And al! the spangled host keep watch in squadrons bright? 



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zJMhcellaneous 'Poems. 



USee ho f f p th Ea t n rode 
The S a 1 d 1\ ad h te w th od urs sweet, 
O ru p tit hem mth thj hu hk ode. 
And ]a> t lo«H t h bl ed fe t J 
Have thou the honou fi t thy Lo d to greet, 

And ]0)n th) o e unto he Angel Quire, 
From out h s e et Alta tou bt w th hallow'd fire. 



The Hyn 



Natu h 

Had d ff 1 g dy m 

W h h gr M J pathize : 

It w 1 f 1 

To tt h h S h 1 ) Paramour. 

Onl) h p h f 



f 1 deformities. 



But h h f 

Sent down the meek-eyd Peace, 

She crown'd with Olive green, came softly sliding 
Down through the turning sphear 
His ready Harbinger, 

With Turtle wing the amorous clouds dividing. 
And waving wide her rairtle wand. 
She strikes a universall Peace through Sea and Land, 

(■) 



T hd h 


g 1 f 


And h 


k d h 


PoUu h 


f 1 bla 


Th S 1 


V 1 f M 


Conf d d 


h h M k 


Should 1 k 


I 



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The Hymn. 



No War, or Battails sound 
Was heard the World around, 

The idle spear and shield were high up hung ; 
The hooked Chariot stood 
Unstain'd with hostile blood, 

The Trumpet spake not to the armed throng, 
And Kings sate still with awfuil eye. 
As if they surely knew their sovran Lord was by. 



But peacefull was the night 
Wherin the Prince of light 

His raign of peace upon the earth began r 
The Windes with wonder whist. 
Smoothly the waters kist, 

Whispering new joyes to the milde Ocean, 
Who now hath quite forgot to rave. 
While Birds of Calm sit brooding on the charmed wave. 



The Stars with deep amaze 
Stand fixt in stedfast gaze, 

Bending one way their pretious influence, 
And will not take their flight. 
For all the morning light. 

Or Lucifer that often warn'd them thence ; 
But in their glimmering Orbs did glow, 
UntiU their Lord himself bespake, and bid them g 



And though the shady gloom 

Had given day her room, ^ ^l.' 

The Sun himself with-held his wonted speed, 
And hid his head for shame, 8i 

As his inferiour flame. 

The new enlightn'd world no more should need ; 
He saw a greater Sun appear 
Then his bright Throne, or burning Axletree could bear. 

(3) »■ "\.^,.- 



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'^Miscellaneous Toems. 



The Shepherds on the Lawn, 
Or ere the point of dawn, 

Sate simply chatting in a rustick row; 
Fu]l httle thought they than. 
That the mighty Pan 

Was kindly com to live with them below; 
Perhaps their loves, or els their sheep, 
Was all that did their silly thoughts so busie keep, 



When sucli rausick sweet 
Their hearts and ears did greet, 

As never was by mortall finger strook, 
Divinely-warbled voice 
Answering the stringed noise, 

As all their souls in blisfuU rapture took : 
The Air such pleasure loth to lose. 
With thousand echo's still prolongs each heav'nly close. 



Nature that heard such sound 
Beneath the hollow round 

Of Cynthia's seat, the Airy region thrilling, 
Now was almost won 
To think her part was don, 

And that her raign had here its last fulfilling; 
She knew such harmony alone 
Could hold all Heav'n and Earth in happier union. 



At last surrounds their sight 
A Globe of circular light, 

That with long beams the shame-fac't night array'd, 
The helmed Cherubim 
And sworded Seraphim, 

Are seen in .glittering ranks with wings displaid, 
Harping in loud and solemn quire, 
With unexpressive notes to Heav'ns new-horn Heir, 

(4) 



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The Hymn. 



Such Musick (as 'tis said) 
Before was never made^ 

But when of old the sons of morning sung, 
While the Creator Great i: 

His constellations set, 

And the well-ballanc't world on hinges hung. 
And cast the dark foundations deep. 
And bid the weltring waves their oozy channel keep. 



Ring out ye Crystall sphears, 
Once bless our human earst . 

(If ye have power to touch our senses so) 
And let your silver chime 
Move in melodious time ; 

And let the Base of Heav'ns deep Organ blow, 
And with your ninefowEl harmony 
Make up fiitl consort to th'Angelike symphony, 



For if such holy Song 
Enwrap our fancy long. 

Time will run back, and fetch the age of gold, 
And speckrd vanity 
Will sicken soon and die. 

And leprous sin will melt from earthly mould, 
And Hell it self will pass away, 
And leave her dolorous mansions to the peering day- 



Yea Truth, and Justice then 
Will down return to men, 

Th'enameld Arras of the Rain-bow wearing, 
And Mercy set between, 
Thron'd in Celestial! sheen. 

With radiant feet the tissued clouds down stearing. 
And Heav'n as at som festivall. 
Will open wide the Gates of her high Palace Hall, 

and like glories wearing 
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'^^Miscellaneous l^oems. 



But wisest Fate sayes no, 

This must not yet be so, igo 

The Babe lies yet in smiling Infancy, 
That on the bitter cross 
Must redeem our loss; 

So both himself and us to glorifie : 
Vet first to those ychain'd in sleep, 
The wakefull trump of doom must thunder through the deep, 



With such a horrid clang 
As on mount Sinai rang 

While the red fire, and smouldring clouds out brake : 
The aged Earth agast ifi 

^Vith terrour of that blast, 

Shall from the surface to the center shake ; 
When at the worlds last session, 
The dreadfuU Judge in middle Air shall spread his throne. 



And then at last our bliss 
Full and perfect is, 

But now begins ; for from this happy day 
Th'old Dragon under ground 
In straiter limits bound, 

Not half so far casts his usurped sway, 
And wrath to see his Kingdom fail, 
Swindges the scaly Horrour of his foulded tail. 



The Oracles are dumm. 
No voice or hideous humm 

Runs through the arched roof in words deceiving. 
Apollo from his shrine 
Can no more divine. 

With hollow shreik the steep of Delphos leaving. 
No nightly trance, or breathed spell, 
Inspire's the pale-ey'd Priest from the prophetic cell. 

(«) 



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The Hymn. 



The lonely mountains o're, 

And the resounding shore, 

A voice of weeping heard, and loud lament ; 
From haunted spring, and dale 
Edg'd with poplar pale. 

The parting Genius is with sighing sent. 
With flowre-inwov'n tresses torn 
The Nimphs in twilight shade of tangled thicl;els mourn. 



In consecrated Earth, 
And on the holy Hearth, 

The Lars, and Lemures moan with midnight plaint, 
. In Urns, and Altars round, 
A drear, and dying sound 

Affrights the Flamins at their service quaint ; 
And the chill Marble seems to sweat. 
While each peculiar power forgoes his wonted seat. 



XXII 

Peor, and Baalim, 
Forsake their Temples dim, 

With that twise-batter'd god of Pakstine, 
And mooned Ashtaroth, 
Heav'ns Queen and Mother both. 

Now sits not girt with Tapers holy shine. 
The Libyc Hammon shrinks bis hom, 
In vain the Tyrian Maids their wounded Thaniuz n 

XXIII 

And sullen Moloch iled. 
Hath left in shadows dred. 

His burning Idol all of blackest hue, 
In vain with Cymbals ring, 
They call the grisly king. 

In dismall dance about the furnace blue ; 
The brutish gods of Nile as fast, 
Isis and Orus, and the Dog Anubis hast. 

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^^Miscellaneous Toems. 



Nor is Osiris seen 

In Memphian Grove, or Green, 

Trampling the unshowr'd Grasse with lowings loud 
Nor can he be at rest 
Within his sacred chest, 

Naught but pvofoundest Hell can be his shroud 
In vain with Tirabrel'd Anthems dark 
The sable-stoled Sorcerers bear his worshipt Ark. 



He feels from Juda's Land 
The dredded Infants hand, 

The rayes of Bethlehem blind his dusky cyn ; 
Nor all the gods beside. 
Longer dare abide. 

Not lyphon huge ending in snaky twine : 
Our Babe to shew his Godhead true, 
Can in his swadling bands controul the damned crew. 



So when the Sun in bed, 

Curtain'd with cloudy red, 130 

Pillows his chin upon an Orient wave. 
The flocking shadows pale, 
Troop to th'infernall jail. 

Each fetter'd Ghost slips to his several) grave, 
And the yellow-skirted Fayes, 
Fly after the Night-steeds, leaving their Moon-lov'd maze. 



But see the Vii^in blest. 
Hath laid her Babe to rest. 

Time is our tedious Song should here have ending, 
Heav'ns youngest teemed Star, : 

Hath fixt her polisht Car, 

Her sleeping Lord with Handmaid Lamp attending : 
And all about the Courtly Stable, 
Bright-harnest Angels sit in order serviceable. 

(8i 



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Tsalms. 

A Paraphrase on Psalm 114. 

This and the following Psalm were don 
by [he Author at fifteen yeers old. 
When the blest seed of Terah's faithfiill Son, 
After long toil their liberty had won. 
And past from Pharian fields to Canaan Land, 
Led by the strength of the Almighties hand, 
JekovaKs wonders were in Israel shown, 
His praise and glory was in Israel known. 
That saw the troubl'd Sea, and shivering fled, 
And sought to hide bis froth-liecurled head 
Low in the earth, Jordans clear streams recoil. 
As a faint host that hath receiv'd the foil. i 

The high, huge-bellied Mountains skip like Rams 
Amongst their Ews, the little Hills like Lambs. 
Why fled the Ocean? And why skipt the Mountains? 
Why turned y"W(/a» toward his Crystal! Fountains? 
Shake earth, and at the presence be agast 
Of him that ever was and ay shall last, 
That glassy flouds fiom rugged rocks can crush, 
And make soft nils from fiery flint-stones gush. 

Psalm 1-1,6. 

Let us with a gladsom mind 
Praise the Lord, for he is kind. 

For his mercies ay endure. 

Ever faithfdll, ever sure. 
Let us blaze his Name abroad. 
For of gods he is the God; 

For, 6^^. 
let us his praises tell. 
That doth the wrathful! tyrants quell. 1 

For, ^fc. 
That with his miracles doth make 
Amazed Heav'n and Earth to shake. 

For, &-i:. 

Psalm 136, 10, 13 That] who i6-;j 

(>) 



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zJMiscdlaneous 'Poems, 

That by his wisdom did create 
The painted Heav'ns so full of state. 



That did the solid Earth ordain 
To rise above the watry plain. 
For, &•€, 

That by his aU-commanding might, 
Did fit! the new-made world with liglit. 
For, &•(:. 

And caus'd the Golden-tressed Sun, 
All the day long his cours to run. 
For, i5"i-. 

The horned Moon to shine by night, 
Amongst her spangled sisters bright. 
For, &'c. 

He with his thunder-clasping hand, 
Smote the first-born of Egypt Land. 
For, &'c. 

And in despight of Pharao fell, 
He brought from thence his Israel. 
For, S'c. 

The ruddy waves he cleft in twain. 
Of the EtytkrcEan main. 
For, &'c. 

The floods stood still like Walls of Glass, 
While the Hebrew Bands did pass. 
For, &'c. 

But full soon they did devour 
The Tawny King with all his power. 
For, &•€. 

His chosen people he did bless 
In the wastfnll Wlldernes, 
For, S^c. 

17, 2j, BS That] who ib'jj 

(.0) 



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Tsalm 156. 



In bloody battail he brought down 
Kings of prowess and renown. 
For, &'c. 

He foild bold Seon and his host, 
That ruJ'd the Amorrean coast. 



And large-Iim'd Og he did subdue. 
With all his over hardy crew. 
For, &>(. 

And to his Servant Israel, 
He gave their Land therin to dwell. 
For, 6*1:. 

He hath with a piteous eye 
Beheld us in our misery. 



And freed us from the slavery 
Of the invading enimy. 
For, ^-c. 

All living creatures he doth feed, 
And with full hand supplies their need. 
For, l5^'l^. 

Let us therfore warble forth 
His mighty Majesty and worth. 
For &'c. 



That his mansion hath on high 
Above the reach of mortall ey 
For his mercies aj endure. 
Ever faithfuU, ever sure 



CO 



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^^Miscellaneous l-'oems. 



The Passion. 



ERE-while of Musick, and Ethereal niirlh, 
Wherwith the stage of Ayr and Earth did ring, 
And joyous news of heav'nly Infants birth. 
My muse with Angels did divide to sing ; 
But headlong joy is ever on the wing, 

In Wintry solstice like the shortn'd light 
Soon swallow'd up in dark and long out-living night. 



For now to sorrow must I tune my song, 
And set my Harpe to notes of saddest wo, 
Which on our dearest Lord did sease er'e long, 
Dangers, and snares, and wrongs, and worse then S( 
Which he for us did freely undergo. 

Most perfect Meroe, try'd in heaviest plight 
Of labours huge and hard, too hard for human wight. 



He sov'ran Priest stooping his regall head 
That dropt with odorous oil down his fair eyes, 
Poor tleshly Tabernacle entered, 
His starry front low-rooft beneath the skies; 
what a Mask was there, what a disguise! 

Yet more ; the stroke of death he must abide, 
Then lies him meekly down fast by his Brethrens side. 



These latter scenes confine my roving vers, 
To this Horizon is my Phoebus bound, 
His Godlike acts, and his temptations fierce. 
And former sufferings other where are found ; 
Loud o're the rest Cremona's Trump doth sound ; 

Me softer airs befit, and softer strings 
Of Lute, or Viol still, more apt for mournful things. 
as latter] latest 16^3 



byGoot^le 



The Tassion. 



Befriend me night best Patroness of grief, 

Over the Pole thy thiclcest mantle throw, 3 

And work my flatter'd fancy to belief. 

That Heav'n and Earth are colour'd with my wo; 

My sorrows are too dark for day to know: 

The leaves should all be black wheron I write. 
And letters where my tears have washt a wannish white. 



See see the Chariot, and those rushing wheels, 
That whirl'd the Prophet up at Chehar flood. 
My spirit som transporting Cherub feels. 
To bear me where the Towers of Salem stood, 
Once glorious Towers, now sunk in guiltles blood; 

There doth my soul in holy vision sit 
In pensive trance, and anguish, and ecstatick fit. 



Mine eye hath found that sad Sepulchral rock 
That was the Casket of Heav'os richest store, 
And here though grief ray feeble hands up-Iock, 
Yet on the softned Quarry would I score 
My plaining vers as lively as before ; 

For sure so well instructed are my tears. 
That they would fitly fall in order'd Characters. 



Or should I thence hurried on viewles wing, ; 

Take up a weeping on tiie Mountains wilde. 
The gentle neighbourhood of grove and spring 
Would soon unboosom all their Echoes milde. 
And I (for grief is easily beguild) 

Might think th'infection of my sorrows loud. 
Had got a race of mourners on som pregnant cloud. 

This Subject the Author finding to be above Iheyeers he had. 
when he wrote it, and nothing satisfld with ivkal ifws 
begun, left it unfiniskl. 

(■3) 



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<iJMhcellaneous Toems. 



On Time. 

Fly envious Time, till thou run out thy race, 

Call on the lazy leaden-stepping hours, 

Whose speed is but the heavy Plummets pace ; 

And glut thy self with what thy womb devours. 

Which is no more then what is false and vain, 

And meerly mortal dross ; 

So little is our loss, 

So little is thy gain. 

For when as each thing bad thou hast entomb'd, 

And last of aU, thy greedy self consum'd, i 

Then long Eternity shall greet our bliss 

With an individual kiss; 

And Joy shall overtake us as a flood, 

When every thing that is sincerely good 

And perfectly divine, 

With Truth, and Peace, and Love shall ever shine 

About the supreme Throne 

Of him, ['whose happy-making sight alone, 

When once our heav'nly-guided soul shall clime, 

Then all this Earthy grosnes quit, 2 

Attir'd with Stars, we shall for ever sit. 

Triumphing over Death, and Chance, and thee O Time. 

Upon the Circumcision. 

Ye flaming Powers, and winged Warriours bright, 
That erst with Musick, and triumphant song 
First heard by happy watchful Shepherds ear. 
So sweetly sung your Joy the Clouds along 
Through the soft silence of the list'ning night ; 
Now mourn, and if sad share with us to bear 
Your fiery essence can distill no tear. 
Burn in your sighs, and borrow 
Seas wept from our deep sorrow, 

He who with all Heav'ns heraldry whileare i 

Enter'd the world, now bleeds to give us ease ; 
Alas, how soon our sin 
Sore doth begin 

His Infancy to seasel 

(•4) 



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jit a Solemn zJMuskk. 

O more exceeding love or law more just ? 

Just law indeed, but more e\ceeding love ! 

For we by rightfull doom remediles 

Were lost in death, till he that dwelt above 

High thron'd in secret bliss, for us frail dust 

Emptied his glory, ev n to nakednes ; 

And that great CoVnant which we still tran^ess 

Intirely satis fi'd. 

And the full wrath beside 

Of vengeful Justice bore for our excess, 

And seals obedience first with wounding smart 

This day, but O ere long 

Huge pangs and strong 

Will pierce more neer his heart. 



At a Solemn Musick. 

Blest pair of Sirens, pledges of Heav'ns joy, 

Sphear-born harmonious Sisters, Voice, and Vers, 

Wed your divine sounds, and mixt power employ 

Dead things with inbreath'd sense able to pierce. 

And to our high-rais'd phantasie present, 

That undisturbed Song of pure content. 

Ay sung before th^^saphire-colour'd throne 

To him that sits"^1teron -_ 

With Saintly shout, a«d -'^Biemn Juhily, 

Where the^bright Seraphim in burning row 

Their loud up-lifted Angel trumpets blow. 

And the Cherubick host in thousand quires 

Touch their immortal Harps of golden wires, 

With those just Spirits that wear victorious Palms, 

Hymns devout and holy Psalms 

Singing everlastingly ; 

That we on Earth with undiscording voice 

May rightly answer that melodious noise ; 

As once we did, till disproportion'd sin 

Jarr'd against natures chime, and with harsh din i 

Broke the fair musick that all creatures made 

To*their great Lord, whose love their motion sway'd 

6 content] concent 267J 
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zS\4iscellaneous 'Poems. 

In perfect Diapason, whilst they stood 

In first obedience, and their state of good. 

may we soon again renew that Song, 

And keep in tune with Heav'n, till God ere long 

To his celestial consort us unite. 

To live with him, and sing in endles mom of light. 



An Epitaph on the Marchioness of 
Winchester. 

This rich Marble doth enterr 

The honour'd Wife of Winchester, 

A Vicounts daughter, an Earls heir. 

Besides what her vertues fair 

Added to her noble birth. 

More then she could own from Earth. 

Summers three times eight save one 

She had told, alas too soon. 

After so short time of breath, 

To house with darknes, and with death. 

Yet had the member of her days 

Bin as compleat as was her praise, 

Nature and fate had,: had. no strife 

In giving lireut to her life. 

Her high birth, and her graces sweet, 

Quickly found a lover meet; 

The Virgin quire for her request 

The God that sits at marriage feast ; 

He at their invoking came 

But with a scarce-wel-lighted flame ; 

And in his Garland as he stood. 

Ye might discern a Cipress bud. 

Once had the early Matrons run 

To greet her of a lovely son, 

And now with second hope she goes. 

And calls Lucina to her throws ; 

But whether by mischance or blame 

Atrofios for Lucina came ; 



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Epitaph 



And with remorsles cruelty, 

Spoil'd at once both fruit and tree : 

The haples Babe before his birth 

Had burial, yet not laid in earth. 

And the languisht Mothers Womb 

Was not long a living Tomb. 

So have I seen som tender slip 

Sav'd with care from Winters nip, 

The pride of her carnation train, 

Pluck't up by som unheedy swain, 

Who onely thought to crop the flowr 

New shot up from vernall showr ; 

But the fair blossom hangs the head 

Side-ways as on a dying bed. 

And those Pearls of dew she wears, 

Prove to be presaging tears 

Which the sad morn had let fall 

On her hast'ning funerall. 

Gentle Lady may thy grave 

Peace and quiet ever have ; 

After this thy travail sore 

Sweet rest sease thee everHiore, 

That to give the world encrease, 

Shottned hast thy own lives lease ; 

Here besides the sorrowing 

That thy noble House doth bring, 

Here be tears of perfect moan 

Weept for thee in Helicon, 

And som Flowers, and som Bays, 

For thy Hears to strew the ways, 

Sent thee from the banks of Came, 

Devoted to thy vertuous name ; 

Whilst thou bright Saint high sit'st in gl 

Next her much like to thee in story. 

That fair Syrian Shepherdess, 

Who after yeers of barrennes, 

The highly favour'd Joseph bore 

To him that serv'd for her before, 

And at her next birth much like thee, 

Through pangs fled to felicity. 

Far within the boosom bright 

Of blazing Majesty and Light, 

.-) = 



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^J\discellaneous Toems. 

There with thee, new welcom Saint, 
Like fortunes may her soul acquaint, 
With thee there clad in radiant sheen. 
No Marchioness, but now a Queen, 



On May morning. 

Now the bright morning Star, Dayes harbinger. 
Comes dancing from the East, and leads with her 
The Flowry May, who from het green lap throws 
The yellow Cowslip, and the pale Primrose. 
Hail bounteous May that dost inspire 
Mirth and youth, and warm desire. 
Woods and Groves, are of thy dressing, 
Hill and Dale, doth boast thy blessing. 
Thus we salute thee with our early Song, 
And welcom thee, and wish thee long. 



On Shakespear. 1(5 30. 

What needs my Shakesj>ear for his hoiiour'd Bones, 

The labour of an age in piled Stones, 

Or that his hallow'd reliques should be hid 

Under a Star-ypointiog Pyramid? 

Dear son of memory, great heir of Fame, 

What need'st thou such weak, witnes of thy name ? 

Thou in our wonder and astonishment 

Hast built thy self a live-long Monument. 

For whilst to th'shame of slow- endeavouring art. 

Thy easie numbers flow, and that each heart 10 

Hath from the leaves of thy unvalu'd Book, 

Those Delphick lines with deep impression took. 

Then thou our fancy of it self bereaving. 

Dost make us Marble with too much conceaving ; 

And so Sepulcher'd in such pomp dost He, 

That Kings for such a Tomb would wish to die. 

"ia. Shakespear. Reprinkd i6j3 in the second folia ShakesjKate : Title] 
epitaph on the admirable dramaticke poet W. Shakespeare i needs] 

sie 6 weak] dull 8 live-long] lasting 10 heart part 13 it] her 

(,s) 



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On the University Carrier. 



On the University Carrier who 

sickn'd in the time of his vacancy, being 

forbid to go to 'London^ by reason of 

the Plague. 

Here lies old Hobson, Dealh hath broke his girt. 
And here alas, hath laid him in the dirt. 
Or els the ways being foul, twenty to one, 
He's here stuck in a slough, and overthrown. 
'Twas such a shifter, that if truth were known. 
Death was half glad when he had got him down; 
For he had any time this ten yeers full, 
Dodg'd with him, betwixt Cambrid^ and the Bull. 
And surely, Death could never have prevail'd, 
Had not his weekly cours of carriage fail'd ; 
But lately finding him so long at home, 
And thinking now his journeys e^d was come, 
And that he had tane up his latest Inne, 
In the kind office of a Chaniberlin 
Shew'd him his room where he must lodge that night, 
, Pull'd off his Boots, and took away the light ; 
If any ask for him, it shall be sed, 
Hobson has supt, and's newly gon to bed. 



Another on the same. 

Here Heth one who did most truly prove. 
That he could never die while he could move, 
So hung his destiny never to rot 
While he might still jogg on, and keep his trot, 
Made of sphear-metal, never to decay 
Unrill his revolution was at stay. 
Time numbers motion, yet (without a crime 
'Gainst old truth) motion number'd out his time : 
And like an Engin mov'd with wheel and waight. 
His principles being ceast, he ended strait. 
Rest that gives all men life, gave him his death, 
And too much breathing put. him out of breath; 



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^JMiscellaneous Toems. 

Nor were it contradiction to affirm 

Too long vacation hastned on his term. 

Meerly to drive the time away he sickn'd. 

Fainted, and died, nor would with Ale be quickn'd; 

Nay, quoth he, on his swooning bed out-stretch 'd, 

If I may not carry, sure He ne're be fetch'd, 

But vow though the cross Doctors all stood hearers, 

For one Carrier put down to make six bearers. 

Ease was his chief disease, and to judge right, 

He di'd for heavines that his Cart went light, 

His leasure told him that his time was com. 

And lack of load, made his life burdensom, 

That even to his last breath (ther be that say't) 

As he were prest to death, he cry'd more waight; 

But had his doings lasted as they were, 

He had bin an immortall Carrier. 

Obedient to the Moon he spent his date 

In cours reciprocal, and had his fate 

Linkt to the mutual flowing of the Seas, 

Yet (strange to think) his wain was his increase : 

His Letters are deliver'd ail and gon, 

Onely remains this superscription. 



VAlle^O. 



Hence loathed Melancholy 

Of Cerberus, and blackest midnight horn, 
In Siygian Cave forlorn 

'Mongst horrid shapes, and shreiks, and sights unholy. 
Find out som uncouth cell. 

Where brooding darknes spreads his jealous wings. 
And the night-Raven sings; 

There under Mbon shades, and low-brow'd Rocks, 
As ragged as thy Locks, 

In dark Cimmerian desert ever dwell. 
But com thou Goddes fair and free. 
In Heav'n ycleap'd Euphrosyne, 
And by men, heart-easing Mirth, 
Whom lovely Venus at a birth 
With two sister Graces more 
To Ivy-crowned Bacchus bore ; 



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E Allegro. 



Or whether (as som Sager sing) 
The frolick Wind that breathes the Spring, 
Zephir with Aurora playing. 
As he met her once a Maying, 
There on Beds of Violets blew, 
^ And fresh-blown Roses washt in dew, 
Fill'd her with thee a daughter fair. 
So bucksom, blith, and debonair. 
^ Haste thee nymph, and bring with thee 
Jest and youthful Jollity, 
Quips and Cranks, , and wanton Wiles, 
Nods, and Becks, and Wreathed Smiles, 
Such as hang on Hebe's cheek, 
And love to live in dimple sleek ; 
£>port that wrincled Care derides, 
And Laughter holding both his sides.J 
Com, and trip it as ye go 
On the light fantastick toe, 
And in thy right hand lead with thee, 
The Mountain Nymph, sweet Liberty ; 
And if I give thee honour due, 
Mirth, admit me of thy crue 
To live with her, and live with thee. 
In unreproved pleasures free; 
To hear the Lark begin his flight,, - 
And singing startle the dull night, 
From his watch-towre in the skies, 
Till the' dappled dawn doth rise; 
Then to com in spight of sorrow. 
And at my window bid good morrow, 
Through the Sweet-Briar, or the Vine, 
Or the twisted Eglantine. 
While the Cock with lively din, 
Scatters the rear of darknes thin. 
And to the stack, or the Barn dore. 
Stoutly struts his Dames before, 
Oft hst'ning how the Hounds and horn 
Chearly rouse the siumbring morn. 
From the side of som Hoar Hill, 
Through the high wood echoing shrill, 

33 ye] you i6l} 



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zJMiscellaneous Toems. 

Som time walking not unseen 

By Hedge-row Eims, on Hillocks green. 

Right against the Eastern gate, 

Wher the great Sun begins his state, 

Rob'd in flames, and Amber light. 

The clouds in thousand Liveries dight. 

While the Plowman neer at hand, 

Whistles ore the Furrow'd Land, 

And the Milkmaid singeth blithe, 

And the Mower whets his sithe, 

And every Sheplierd tells his tale 

Under the Hawthorn in the dale. 

Streit mine eye hath caught new pleasures 

Whilst the Lantskip round it measures, 

Russet Lawns, and Fallows Gray, 

Where the nibling flocks do stray. 

Mountains on whose barren brest 

The labouring clouds do often rest ; 

Meadows trim with Daisies pide. 

Shallow Brooks, and Rivers wide. 

Towers, and Battlements it sees 

Boosom'd high in tufted Trees, 

Wher perhaps som beauty lies. 

The Cynosure of neighbouring eyes. 

Hard by, a Cottage chimney smokes. 

From betwixt two aged Okes, 

Where Corydon and Thyrsis met. 

Are at their savory dinner set 

Of Hearbs, and other Country Messes, 

Which the neat-handed Phillis dresses ; 

And then in haste her Bowre she leaves, 

With Thestylis to bind the Sheaves; 

Or if the earlier season lead 

To the tann'd Haycock in the Mead, 

Som times with secure delight 

The up-lind Hamlets will invite, 

W h th ) Bells ring round, 

A d th J d rebecks sound 

T y ) th, and many a maid, 

D ^ tl Chequer'd shade; 

And } d old com forth to play 

O & h Holyday, 



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n Allegro. 



Till the live-long day-light fail, 
Then to the Spicy Nut-brown Ale, 
With stories told of many a feat, 
How Faery Mab the junkets eat, 
She was pincht, and pull'd she sed, 
And he by Friars Lanthorn led 
Tells how the drudging Goblin swet, 
To ern his Cream-bowie duly set. 
When in one night, ere glimps of morn, 
His shadowy Flaie hath thresh'd the Com 
That ten day-labourers could not end, 
Then lies him down the Lubbar Fend. 
And stretch'd out all the Chimney's length, 
Basks at the fire his hairy strength; 
And Crop-full out of dores he flings. 
Ere the first Cock his Mattin rings. 
Thus don the Tales, to bed they creep, 
By whispering Windes soon luli'd asleep. 
Towred Cities please us then, 
And the busie humm of inen. 
Where throngs of Knights and Barons bold, 
In weeds of Peace high triumphs hold, 
With store of Ladies, whose bright eies 
Rain influence, and judge the prise 
Of Wit, or Arms, while both contend 
To win her Grace, whom all commend. 
There let Hymen oft appear 
In Saffron robe, with Taper clear, 
And pomp, and feast, and revelry, 
With mask, and antique Pageantry, 
Such sights as youthful! Poets dream 
On Summer eeves by haunted stream. 
Irhen to the well-trod stage anon, 
it Jonsons learned Sock be on, 
Or sweetest ShakesJ>ear fancies childe, 
Warble his native Wood -notes wildejl 
And ever against eating Cares, 
Lap me in soft Lydian Aires, 
Married to immortal verse 
Such as the meeting soul may pierce 

104 And he by] And by fhe l6^3 



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zJMiscellaneous Toems. 

In notes, with many a winding bout 
Of lincked sweetnes long drawn out, 
With wanton heed, and giddy cunning, 
The melting voice through ma^es running 
Untwisting all Che chains that ly 
The hidden soul of harmony. 
That Orpheus self may heave his head 
From golden slumber on a bed 
Of heapt Elysia7i ilowres, and hear 
Such streins as would have won the ear 
Of Pluto, to have quite set free 
His half regain'd Eurydice. 
^hese delights, if thou canst give, 
Mirth with thee, I mean to live,"^ 



// Penseroso. 

Hence vain deluding joyes, 

The brood of folly without father bred, 
How little you bested, 

Or fill the fixed mind with all your toyes ; 
Dwell in som idle brain. 

And fancies fond with gaudy shapes possess, 
As thick and numberless 

As the gay motes that people the Sun Beams, 
Or likest hovering dreams 

The fickle Pensioners of Morpheus train. 
jBut hail thou Goddes, sage and hoJy, 
Hail divinest MelancholyT} 
Whose Saintiy visage is too bright 
To hit the Sense of human sight; 
And therfore to our weaker view, 
Ore laid with black staid Wisdoms hue. 
Black, but such as in esteem. 
Prince Memnons sister might beseem. 
Or that Starr'd Ethiope Queen that strove 
To set her beauties praise above 
The Sea Nymphs, and their powers offended. 
Yet thou art higher far descended, 

(.4) 



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11 Tenseroso. 

Thee bright- hair'd Vesta long of yore, 
To solitary Saturn bore ; 
His daughter she (in Saturns raign, 
Such mixture was not held a stain) 
Oft in glimmering Bowres, and glades 
He met her, and in secret shades 
Of woody Ida's inmost grove. 
While yet there was no fear oi Jove. 
[fom pensive Nun, devout and pure. 
Sober, stedfast, and demure, 
All in a robe of darkest grain. 
Flowing with majestick traiiij 
And sable stole of Cipres Lawn, 
Over thy decent shoulders drawn. 
Com, but keep thy wonted state. 
With eev'n step, and musing gate, 
And looks commercing with the skies, 
Thy rapt soul sitting in thine eyes; 
There held in holy passion still, 
Forget thy self to Marble, till 
With a sad Leaden downward cast. 
Thou fix them on the earth as fast. 
And joyn with thee calm Peace, and Quiet, 
Spare Fast, that oft with gods doth diet, 
And hears the Muses in a ring. 
Ay round about Joves Altar sing. 
And adde to these retired Leasure, 
That in trim Gardens takes his pleasure ; 
But first, and chiefest, with thee bring. 
Him that yon soars on golden wing. 
Guiding the fiery-wheeled throne. 
The Cherub Contemplation, 
And the mute Silence hist along, 
'Less Philomel will daign a Song, 
In her sweetest, saddest plight, 
Smoothing the rugged brow of night, 
WhUe Cynthia checks her Dragon yoke. 
Gently o're th'accustom'd Oke ; 
Sweet Bird that shunn'st the noise of foil)-, 
Most musicall, rnost melancholy ' 
Thee Chauntress oft the Woods among, 
I woo to hear thy eeven-Song; 

(■s) 



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^L^iscellaneous Voems. 

And missing thee I wilk unseen 

On the dn smooth sha\ en C teen 

To behold the wandnng Aloon 

Rid ng neer her h3f,he&t noon 

Like one thit had bin led astraj 

Through the Hea\ ns wide pathles wa> 

And oft as it her head &ht. bowd 

Stooping through a fleecj cloud 

Oft on a Plat of rising ground 

I hear the tar off Curfgu sound 

Over som widewaterd shoai 

Swinging slow with sullen roir 

Or if the Ayr will not permit 

Som still removed plact. will ht 

\\ here glowing Embers through the room 

Teach light to counterfeit a gloom 

Far from ill resort of mirth 

Sa\e the Cncket on the hearth 

Or the Belmans drousie charm 

To bless the dores from n ghtlj harm 

Or let m\ Lamp at midnight hour 

Be seen in som h gh lonely lowr 

\\ here I maj oft out watch the £ea/ 

With thnce great ffermes or unsphcar 

The spirit of Fiato to unfold 

Wh-it \\orlds or what vast Regions holi 

The immortil mind that hath forsook 

Her mansion in this fleshlv nook 

And of those Dsfnom that are found 

In fire air flood or under ground. 

Whose power hith a true consent 

With Planet or with Element 

Som time let Gorgeous Tragedy 

In Scepter'd Pall com sweeping by, 

Presenting Thebs, or Pehps line. 

Or the tale of Troy divine. 

Or what (though rate) of later age, 

Ennobled hath the Buskind stage. 

But, O sad Virgin, that thy power 

Might raise Musceus from his bower, 

Or bid the soul of Orpheus sing 

Such notes as warbled to the string, 



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11 Temeroso. 

Drew Iron tears down Pluto's cheek, 
And made Hell grant what Love did seek. 
Or call up him that left half told 
The story of Cambuscan bold, 
Of Camball, and of Algarsife, 
And who had Canace to wife, 
That own'd the vertuous Ring and Glass, 
And of the wondrous Hors of Brass, 
On which the Tartar King did ride; 
And if ought els, great Bards beside, 
In sage and solemn tunes have sung, 
Of Turneys and of Trophies hung ; 
Of Forests, and inchantments drear, 
Where more is meant then meets the ear. 
Thus night oft see me iji thy pa!e career. 
Till civil-suited Morn appeer, 
Not trickt and frounc't as she was wont. 
With the Attick Boy to hunt. 
But Chercbeft in a comly Cloud, 
While rocking Winds are Piping loud. 
Or usher'd with a shower still, 
When the gust hath blown his fill, 
Ending on, the russling Leaves, 
With minute drops from off the Eaves. 
And when the Sun begins to fling 
His flaring beams, me Goddes bring 
To arched walks of twilight groves, 
And shadows brown that Sylvan loves 
Of Pine, or monumental Oake, 
Where the rude Ax with heaved stroke. 
Was never heard the Nymphs to daunt. 
Or fright them from their hallow'd haunt. 
There in close covert by.som Brook, 
Where no profaner eye may look, 
Hide me from Day's garish eie. 
While the Bee with Honied thie. 
That at her flowry work doth sing. 
And the Waters murmuring 
With such consort as they keep, 
Entice the dewy-feather'd Sleep; 
jAnd let som strange mysterious dream. 
Wave at his Wings in Airy stream, 
(•7) 



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^Miscellaneous Voems. 

Of lively portrature display d, 

Softly on my eye-lids laidj 

And as I wake, sweet musick breath 

Above, about, or underneath, 

Sent by som spirit to mortals good. 

Or th'unseen Genius of the Wood. 

But let my due feet never fai!, 

To walk the studious Cloysters pale. 

And love the high embowed Roof, 

With antick Pillars massy proof, 

And storied Windows richly dight, 

Casting a dimm religious light. 

There let the pealing Organ blow, 

To the full voic'd Quire below. 

In Service high, and Anthems cleer. 

As may with sweetnes, through mine ear. 

Dissolve me into extasJes, 

And bring all Heav'n before mine eyes. 

And may at last my weary age 

Find out the peacefull hermitage, 

The Hairy Gown and Mossy Cell, 

Where I may sit and rightly spell 

Of every Star that Heav'n doth shew, 

And every Herb that sips the dew ; 

Till old experience do attain 

To somthing like Prophetic strain. 

These pleasures Melancholy give, 

And I with thee wilt choose to live. 



SON'NEtS. 
I 

O Nightingale, that on yon bloomy Spray 
Warbl'st at eeve, when all the Woods are still, 
Thou with fresh hope the Lovers heart dost fill, 
While the jolly hours lead on propitious May, 

Thy liquid notes that close the eye of Day, 
First heard before the shallow Cuccoo's bill 
Portend success in love ; O if Jov^s will 
Have linkt that amorous power to thy soft lay, 



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Sonnets. 

Now n e g e e he rude B d of Hate 

Fo e e hope e doon o n ( ove n> 

A.S hou fom ee o ee has s g oo e 

Fo y e ef >e ds no e son whj 
\\ he he he ilu eoToea eehs mate, 
Bo h the lee and of he ana I 



II 

Donna leggiadra il cui M name hotwra 
L'herbosa val di Sheno, e il n^btl varco, 
Ben i colui ^ogni vahre scarce 
Qual tuo spirto gentil non innamora, 

Che dokemenU mostra si di Juora 
De suoi atti soavi giamat parco, 
E i don', che son d'amor saette ed area. 
La onde P alia fua vtrtH s'infiora. 

Quando iu vaga parli, o lieta canti 
Che nujver possa duro alpestre kgno, 
Guardi ciascun a gU occM, ed a g/i oreahi 

Eentrata, chi di te;si.truova indegno ; 
Gratia sola di sH gU vagHa, inanti 
Ch£l disio amoroso al cuor ^invecchi. 



in 

Qual in colk aspro, al imbrunir dt sera 
L'aveaza giovinetta pastorella 
Va bagnmido Vkerbetta strana e bella 
Che mal si spande a disusata spera 

Fuor di sua natia alma primavera. 
Cost Amor meco ins^ la Hngua snella 
Desia H fior novo dt strania favella, 
Menire to di ie, vezzosamente altera. 

Canto, dal mto buon p<^l non inteso 
El bel Tamigi cangio col bel Arno. 
Amor lo volse, ed io a Valtrui peso 

Seppi cW Amor eosa mai volse indarno 
i>eh ' /os^ il mio ator lento e'l duro st 
A chi pianta dal del si buon ferreno. 

(.9) 



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^^Miscellaneous 'Poems. 



Canzone. 

Ridonsi donne e giovani a 
M' accostandosi attomo, e perche scrwi, 
PeHhe tu scrivi in lingua ignota e strana 
Verseggiando d'amor, e come fosil 
Dinne, se /a tua speme sia mat vana, 
E de pensieri lo miglior f arrivi; 
Cost mi van burlando, altri rivi 
Altri lidi f aspettan, &' altre onde 
Nelle cut verdi sfonde 
Spunlati ad hor, ad hor a la tua chioma 
Eimmortal guiderdon d'eterne frondi 
Perche alle spalle tue soverckia soma ? 

Canzon dirotti, e iu per me rispondi 
Dice mia Donna, ^l suo dir, t il mio cuore 
Questa } lingua di cui si vanta Aiiiore. 

IV 

Diodati, e fgl diro con maraviglia. 

Quel ritroso io cfiamor spreggiar solia 

E de suoi lacci spesso mt ridia 

Gia caddi, ov'huom dabben talhor s'impiglia 

JVe treccie d'oro, ne guancia vermtglia 
M' abbaglian A, ma sotto nova idea 
Pellegrina bellezza ch£l cuor bea, 
Portamenli alii henesti, e nelle ciglta 

Quel sereno fulgor d' amabil nero, 
Parole adome di lingua piu d'una, 
E'l caniar eke di mezzo fhemispero 

Traviar ben pub la Jaticosa Luna, 
E degli occhi suoi auventa si gran fuoco 
Che Vincerar orecchi mi fia poco. 



Per certo i bei vostr'occki Donna mia 
Esser non puo eke non fian lo mio st 
Si mi pereuoton forte, come ei suole 
Per Parens di Libia cM s'invia, 
(3") 



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Sonnets. 

Mentre un caldo vapor (ne senii pria) 
Da quel lato si spinge eve mi duok, 
Che forse amanti nelk lor parole 
Chiaman sospir ; io non so che si sia : 

Parte rinchiusa, e turbida si cela 

Scosso mi il petto, e poi riuscendo poco 
Quivi d' aitorno o ^agghiaccia, o s'ingiela; 

Ma quanta a gli occhi giunge a trovar loto 
Tutte U notti a me suol far piovose 
Finche mia Alba rivim colma di rose. 

VI 

Giovane piano, e sempUcetto amanti 
Poi che fuggir me slesso in dubUo sono. 
Madonna a vol del mio cuor rhumil done 
Pari) dwoto ; io certo a prove tanie 

L'hebbi fedele, tnfrepido, costante, 

De pensieri leggiadro, accorto, e buono , 
Quafido rugge il gran mondo, e scocca il iuono, 
S'arma^i se, e d intero diamante, 

Tanto del forse, e d' iwidia sicuro, 
Di timori e 4^^nse al popol use 
Quanta d'mge^^ e £ alio talor z igo 

E dt cetra sonora e delle muse 

Sol troiereie tn tal parte men duro 
Oie amW mtse I msar xbtl i^o 

VII 

How soon hath Time the sultle tl eef of jouth 
Stoln on h s wing m> three ind twentith yeer 
My hastiig dajes flie on with fall career 
But my hte sfrmg no bud or blossori shewth 

Perhaps my semblance might deceive the truth. 
That I to manhood am arrivd so near 
And inward r penes doth much less appear 
T hat som more I mely happy spirits indu th 

Yet be it less or more or soon or slow 
It shall be still in strictest measure eev n 
To that same lot love^er mean or high 

Toi ard wh ch T me leads me a id the \ ill of Heav'n 
Alt IS it I have grace to use t so 
As eier in my great task Masters e>e 



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^^Miscellaneous 'Poems. 

vrii 

Captain or Colonel, or Knight in Arms, 
Whose chance on these defenceless dores may sease. 
If ever deed of honour did thee please, 
Guard them, and him within protect from harms. 

He can requite thee, for he knows the charms 
That call Fame on such gentle acts as these. 
And he can spred thy Name o're Lands and Seas, 
What ever clime the Suns bright circle warms. 

Lift not thy spear against the Muses Bowre, 

The great Emathian Conqueror bid spare i 

The house of Pindarus, when Temple and Towre 

Went to the ground: And the repeated air 
Of sad Electrds Poet had the power 
To save th' Athenian Walls from ruine bare. 
IX 

Lady that in the prime of earliest youth, 

Wisely hath shun'd the broad way and the green. 
And with those few art eminently seen, 
That labour up the Hill of heav'nly Truth, 

The better part with Mary and with Ruth, 
Chosen thou hast, and they that overween. 
And at thy growing vertues fret their spleen, 
No anger find in thee, but pity and ruth. 

Thy care is iixt and zealously attends 

To fill thy odorous Lamp with deeds of light, i 

And Hope that reaps not shame. Therefore be sure 

Thou, when the Bridegroom with his feastfull friends 
Passes to bliss at the mid hour of night, 
Hast gain'd thy entrance. Virgin wise and pure. 

X 

Daughter to that good Earl, once President 
Of England! Counsel, and her TreasuT)', 
Who liv'd in both, unstain'd with gold or fee. 
And left them both, more in himself content, 

Till the sad breaking of that Parlament 

VIII. Camb, autograph supplies tjtle, When the assault was intinded ta ti 
tity 3 If deed of honour did thee ever please, l6^}. 

IX. 5 with ffHttl the Ruth 1645. 

X. Caoib. autograph supplies title. To the Lady Margaret Ley. 

(3.) 



byGoot^le 



Q^rcades. 

Broke him, as that dishonest victory ' 

At Ch^ronea, fatal to liberty 

Kil'd with report that Old man eloquent. 

Though later born, then to have known the dayes 
Wherin your Father flourisht, yet by you 
Madam, me thinks I see him hving yet ; 

So well your words his noble vermes praise, 
That all both judge you to relate them true, 
And to possess them, Honour'd Margaret. 



Arcades. 

Part of an entertainment presented to the Countess Dowager of Darby 

at Harejkld, by aom Noble persons of her Family, who appear 

on the Scene in pastoral habit, moving toward the 

seat of Suie with this Song. 

I. SONG. 
Look Nymphs, and Shepherds look. 
What sudden b!aze of majesty 
Is that which we from hence descry 
Too divine to be mistook: 

This this is she 
To whom our vows and wishes bend, 
Heer our solemn search hath end. 

Fame that her high worth to raise, 

Seem'd erst so lavish and profuse, 

We may justly now accuse lo 

Of detraction from her praise, 

Less then half we find exprest. 

Envy bid conceal the rest. 

Mark what radiant state she spreds. 
In circle round her shining throne, 
Shooting her beams like silver threds, 
This this is she alone. 

Sitting like a Goddes bright, 

In the center of her light. 

(33) B 



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^LMiscellaneous Toems. 

Might she the wise Latona be, 
Or the towred Cybek, 
Mother of a hunderd gods; 
Juno dare's not give her odds; 

Who had thought this clime had held 

A deity so unparalel'd ? 



Gen. Stay gentle Swains, for though in this disguisi 

I see bright honour sparkle through your eyes, 

Of famous Arcady ye are, and sprung 

Of that renowned flood, so often sung. 

Divine Alpkeus, who by secret sluse. 

Stole under Seas to meet his Arethuse ; 

And ye the breathing Roses of the Wood, 

Fair silver-buskin d Nymphs as great and good, 

I know this quest of yours, and free intent 

Was all in honour and devotion ment 

To the great Mistres of yon princely shrine, 

Whom with low reverence I adore as mine. 

And with all helpful service will comply 

To further this nights glad solemnity ; 

And lead ye where ye may more neer behold 

What shallow -searching Fame hath left untold; 

Which I full oft amidst these shades alone 

Have sate to wonder at, and gaze upon : 

For know by lot from Jtme I am the powr 

Of this fair Wood, and live in Oak'n bowr, 

To nurse the Saplings tall, and curl the grove 

With Ringlets quaint, and wanton windings wove. 

And all my Plants I save from nightly ill, 

Of noisom winds, and blasting vapours chill. 

And from the Boughs brush off the evil dew. 

And heal the harms of thwarting thunder blew, 

Or what the cross dire-looking Planet smites, 

Or hurtful! Worm with canker'd venom bites. 

When Eev'ning gray doth rise, I fetch my round 

Over the mount, and all this hallow'd ground, 

And early ere the odorous breath of morn 

Awakes the slurabring leaves, or tasseld horn 



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Shakes the high thicket haste I all about 
Number my rinks and \\%\X every sprout 
W ith pu ssant words and murmurs made to bleis 
But els m deep of night when drowsmei 
Hath lockt up mortal sens" then listen I 
To the celestal Sirens harmony 
That iit upon the nme enfolded Sphcars 
\nd sing to those that hold the vital shearb 
\nd tuin the Adamintine spindle round 
On which the late of gods and men is wound 
Such sweet compulsion doth in musick h 
To lull the daughters of JSiecessity 
And keep unsteddy Nature to her la^v 
4nd the low world in measurd motion draw 
\tter the heavenly tune which none (.an hear 
Of human mould with grosse unpurged ear 
And yet such musick worthiest were to blaze 
The peerles height of her immortal jrasc 
Whose lustre leads us and for htr most fit 
If my inferior hand or voite could hit 
Inimitable sounds yet as we go 
What ere the skill of lesser gods can show 
I wil! assa) her worth to celebrate 
And so attend ye toward her ^httenng state 
Uhere )e ffla\ ^11 that are of noble stemm 
Approach and kiss her sacred \ esturrs hemm 



re the smooth enameld green 

U here no pr nt of step hath been 

Follon me as I s ng 

And touch the warbled str n^ 
Under the bhad) roof 
Of branching Elm Star pro jf 

Follow me 

1 mil brmg jou where she s ts 
Clad m spkndor is befits 

Her deit} 
Siucli a rural Queen 
All Arcadia hath not seen. 



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(^Miscellaneous Toems. 



Nymptis and Shepherds dance no more 
By sandy Ladons Lillied banks. 

On old LycoMS or Cylkne hoar, 

Trip no more in twilight ranks, 

Though Erymanth your loss deplore, 
A better soyl shall give ye thanks. 

From the atony Mmnaltis, 

Bring your Flocks, and live with us, 

Here ye shall have greater grace, 

To serve the Lady of this place. 

Though Syrinx your Pans Mistres v, 
Vet Syrinx well might wait on her. 

Such a rural Queen 
All Arcadia hath not seen. 



(3') 



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JUSTA 

EDOVARDO KING 

naufrago, 

ab 

Amicis moerentibus, 

amoris 



SireBi caleutamptaof^ ttbiqmnmfra^ume^. 
Pet. Arb. 



Acadcmiw rypographos. 16^8. 



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^Miscellaneous 'Poems. 



Lycidas. 

In this Monody the Author bewails a learned Friend, unfortunatly drown 'i 

in liis Passage from Chester on the Irish Seas, 1637. And by 

occasion foretels the mine of our corrupted Clergy 

then in their height. 

Yet once more, O ye Laurels, and once more 

Ve Myrtles brown, with Ivy never-sear, ^-. 

1 com to pluck your Berries harsh and crude. 

And with forc'd fingers rude. 

Shatter your leaves before the mellowing year. 

Bitter constraint, and sad occasion dear, 

Compels me to disturb your season due : 

For Lycidas is dead, dead ere his prime 

Young Lycidas, and hath not left his peer : 

Who would not sing for Lycidas? he knew i. 

Himself to sing, and build the lofty rhyme. 

He must not flote upon his watry bear ■— - 

Unwept, and welter to the parching wind, 

Without the raeed of som melodious tear, ^ 

Begin then, Sisters of the sacred well, 
That from beneath the seat oi Jove doth spring, 
Begin, and somwhat loudly sweep the string. 
Hence with denial vain, and coy excuse, 
So may som gentle Muse 

With lucky words favour my destin'd Urn, 2 

And as he passes turn, 

And bid fair peace be to my sable shrowd. 
For we were nurst upon the self-same hil], 
Fed the same flock, by fountain, shade, and rill. 

Together both, ere the high Lawns appear'd 
Under the opening eye-lids of the morn. 
We drove a field, and both together heard 
What time the Gray-fly winds her sultry horn, 
Batt'ning our ilocks with the fresh dews of night, 
Oft till the Star that rose, at Ev'ning, bright 3 

Toward Heav'ns descent had slop'd his westering wheel. ( 
Mean while the Rural ditties were not mute, 
Temper'd to th'Oaten Flute; '- 
Rough Saiyrs danc'd, and Fauns with clov'n heel, 

(38) 



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Lycidas. 



From the glad sound would not be absent long, 
And old Damatas lov'd to hear our song. 

But O the heavy change, now thou art gon, 
Now thou art gon, and never must return ! 

. ■ Thee Shepherd, thee the Woods, and desert Caves, 
With wilde Tl^me and the gadding Vine o'regrown, 
And all their echoes mourn. 
The Willows, and the Hazle Copses green. 
Shall now no more be seen, 
Fanning their joyous Leaves to thy soft layes. 
As killing as the Canker to the Rose, 
Or Taint-worm to the weanling Herds that graze, 

<--^0r Frost to Flowers, that their gay wardrop wear, 
When first the White thorn blows; 
Such, Lycidas, thy loss to Shepherds ear, 

Wliecg _were yeN ymphs when the remorseless deep 
Clos'd o^ the head oT your ~^s''& lyadasT — ~~ 
For neither were ye pUying on the steep, 
Where your old Bard?, the famous Druids !y, 
Nor on the shaggy top of Mona high, 
Nor yet where J>eva spreads her wisard stream : 
Ay me, I fondly dream ! 

Had ye bin there— for what could that have don? 
What could the Muse her self that Orpheus bore, 
The Muse her self, for her inchanting son 
Whom Universal nature did lament, 
When by the rout that made the hideous roar. 
His goary visage down the stream was sent, 
Down the swift Hebrus to the Lesbian shore. 

Alas 1 What boots it with uncessant care 
To tend the homely slighted Shepherds trade, 

'^ And strictly meditate the thankles Muse, 
Were it not better don as others use. 
To sport with Amaryllis in the shade, 
Or with the tangles of Neards hair? 
Fame is the spur that the. clear spirit, doth raise 
(That last infirmity of Noble mind) 
To scorn delights, and live laborious dayes; 
But the fair Guerdon when we hope to find, 
And think to burst out into sudden blaze. 
Comes the blind Fury with th'abhorred shears. 
And slits the thin spun life- But not the praise, 

(39) 



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^^Miscellaneous Toems. 

Pkxbm repli'd, and touch'd ray trembling ears; 

Fame is no plant that grows on mortal soil, 

Nor in the glistering foil 

Set off to th'world, nor in broad rumour lies. 

But lives and spreds aloft by those pure eyes, 

And perfet witnes of all judging yiroe ; 

As he pronouiices lastly on each deed, 

Of so much fame in Heav'n expect thy meed. 

O Fountain Areihuse, and thou honour'd floud. 
Smooth-sliding Mincius, crown'd with vocall reeds. 
That strain I heard was of a higher mood : 

' But now my Oate proceeds. 
And listens to the Herald of the Sea 
That came in Neptunis plea, 

He ask'd the Waves, and ask'd the Fellon winds, 
What hard mishap hath doom'd this gentle swain? 
And question'd every gust of rugged wings 
That blows from off each beaked Promontory, 
They knew not of his story, 
And sage Hippotades their answer brings. 
That not a blast was from his dungeon stray'd, 
The Ayr was calm, and on the level brine, 

, Sleek Panope with all her sisters play'd. 
It was that fatall and perfidious Bark 
Built in th'eclipse, and rigg'd with curses dark, 
That sunk so low that sacred head of thine. 

Next Camus, reverend Sire, went footing slow. 
His Mantle hairy, and his Bonnet sedge. 
Inwrought with figures dim, and on the edge 
Like to that sanguine flower inscrib'd with woe. 
Ah ; Who hath reft (quoth be) ray dearest pledge ? 
Last came, and last did go. 
The Pilot of the Galilean lake, 

■■ Two massy Keyes he bore of metals twain, 
(The Golden opes, the Iron shuts amain) 
He shook his Miter'd locks, and stern bespake, 
How 11 Id I h P d for thee, young swain, 

- Anow f h a f th bellies sake. 
Creep d id a d 1 mb into the fold ? 
Of oth th J I ttl k'ning make. 

Then h t mbl t the shearers feast. 

And h y th thy bidden guest. 

(40) 



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Lycidas. 



Blind mouthes ! that scarce themselves know how to hold 
A Sheep-hook, or have learn'd ought els the least iso 

That to the faithfull Herdmans art belongs ! 

J^What recks it them? What need they? They are sped; 

> And when they list, their lean and flashy songs 
Grate on their scrannel Pipes of wretched straw. 
The hungry Sheep look up, and are not fed. 
But swoln with wind, and the rank mist they draw, 
Rot inwardly, and foul contagion spread : 

!-■' Besides what the grim Woolf with privy paw 

;- Daily devours apace, and nothing sed. 

But that two-handed engine at the door, 130 

Stands ready to smite once, and smite no more. 

Return Alpheus, the dread voice is past, 
That shrunk thy streams ; Return Sicilian Muse, 
And call the Vales, and bid them hither cast 
Their Bds, and Flourets of a thousand hues, 
Ye valleys low where the milde whispers use, 

"-■ Of shades and wanton winds, and gushing brooks, 

' On whose fresh lap the swart Star sparely looks, 
- Throw hither all your quaint enameld eyes, 
That on the green terf suck the honied showres, 14a 

And purple all the ground with vernal iiowres. 
Bring the rathe Primrose that forsaken dies. 
The tufted Grow-toe, and p^e Gessamine, 
The white Pink, and the Pansie ireakt with jeat, 
The glowing Violet. 

The Musk-rose, and the well attir'd Woodbine. 
With Cowslips wan that hang the pensive hed, 

. And every flower that sad embroidery wears : 
Bid Amaranthus all his beauty shed, 
And DaffadiUies &11 their cups with tears, 150 

' To strew the Laureat Herse where Lycid lies. 
For so to interpose a little ease. 
Let our frail thoughts dally with false surmise. 
Ay me ! Whilst thee the shores, and sounding Seas 
Wash far away, where ere thy bones are hurld. 
Whether beyond the stormy Hebrides, 
Where thou perhaps under the whelming tide 
Visit'st the bottom of the monstrous world: 



(«•) 



9 Amaranthus] Amara 



•'11 



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Lycidas. 



Or whether thoc to our moist vows deny'd, 
Sleep'st by the fable of BeUerus old, 
Where the great vision of the guarded Mount 
Looks toward Namancos and Bayona's hold ; 

■- Look homeward Angel now, and melt with ruth. 

i And, O ye Dolphins, waft the haples youth. 
_ Weep no more, woful Shepherds weep no more, 
For Lycidas your sorrow is not dead 
bunk though he be beneith the watrj fioar 

I So sinks the daj star n the Ocean "Hod 
And yet anon repairs h s drooping heid 
Aiid tricks h s beams and w th new spingled Ore, 
Flames in the forehead of the mor iin^, skj 

_ So Z) tia sunk low hut mounted h ^h 

Through the dear might of him that valkd the waves 

^\here other gro^e ind other streims ^ilong 

With N ctir pure hs ozy locks he hves 

'^nd hears the unexpressive nuptiall Song 

In the ble**! K, ngdoms meek ot joy and love 

There entertan him all the Saints abo\e 

In solemn troops ind sweet Soc eties 

That sing and ringing in their glory move 

\nd wipe the tears for ever from hs eyes 

Now Lycidas the Shepherds weep no more 

Hence forth thou art the Genius f the shore 

In thy large recompense, and shall be good 

To all that winder in that periloi s flood 

Thus sang the uncouth Swa n to th Glees and rills, 
"While the still morn went out with Sandils gray. 
He touch d the tender stops of ■Mrious Quills 
With eager thought wirblmg h s Doruk hy 
And I ow the '^un had stretch d out all the hills. 
And now was dropt into the Western bay ; 
At last he rose, and twitch'd his Mantle blew : 
To morrow to fresh VVoods, and Pastures new. 



Kv) 



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AMASKE 

PRESENTED 

At Ludlow Caftle, 

On t^Adichaelmaffe night, he/ore the 

Right Honorable, 

loHN Etirle of BridgewAter > Vicoitnt BracKly, 

Lord Trsfident o/" Wales , And one of 

His Maiesties moft honorable 

Privie CounfclL 



MkxqiiidiioUmifenmiUl flsrilus mjlrifm 
PerdittM — 



LOtiDOti 

Printed for HyinpHREY Robinson, 

at the figne of the Three Pidgeons in 

fattls Church-yard, i 6 ^y. 



I Honed by Google 



by Google 



' To the Right Honourable, John Lord Vicount 
Bracly^ Son and Heir apparent to the 
Earl o^ BridgewateTy &c. 
My Lord, 

This Poem, which receiifd its first occasion of Birth from 
your Self, and others of your Noble Family, and much honour 
from your own Person in the performance, now returns again 
to make afinall Dedication of it sUf to you. Although not openly 
acknowled^d by the Author, yet it is a legitimate off-spring, so 
lovely, and so mmh desired, that the often Copying of it hath 
tif'd my Pen to give my severall friends satisfaction, and brought 
me to a necessity of producing it to the publike mew ; and now to 
offer it up in all rightfull devotion to those fair Hopes, and rare 
Endowments of your much-promising Youth, which give a full 
assurance, to all that knpw^ypt, of a future excellence. Live sweet 
Lord to be the honour of your Name, and receiix this as your own, 
from the hands of him, who hath by many favours been long ebli^d 
to your most hortou^d Parents, and as in this representation ymr 
attendant Thyrsis, so now in all reall expression 

Your faithfuU, and most 
humble Servant 
H. Lawes. 



1 The Copy of a Letter writt'n by Sir Henry 

WooTToN, to the Author, upon the 

following Poem. 

Front the Col/edge, this 13. of April, 1638. 

It was a special favour, when you lately bestowed upon 
me here, the first taste of your acquaintance, though no longer 
then to make me know that I wanted more time to value it, and 
' Omilted ill i6j}. 

(45) 



Hosted by Google 



^Miscellaneous 'Poems. 

to enjoy it rightly ; and in truth, if I could then have imagined 
your farther stay in these parts, which I understood afterwards 
by Mr. H. I would have been bold in our vulgar phrase to mend 
tny draught (for you left me with an extreme thirst) and to have 
begged your conversation again, joyntly with your said learned 
Friend, at a poor meal or two, that we might have banded 
together som good Authors of the autient time ; Among which, 
I observed you to have been familiar. 

Since your going, you have charg'd me with new Obligations, 
both for a very kinde Letter from you dated the sixth of this 
Month, and for a dainty peece of entertainment which came 
therwith. Wherin I should much commend the Tragical part, 
if the Lyrical did not ravish me with a certain Dorique delicacy 
in your Songs and Odes, wherunto I must plainly confess to 
have seen yet nothing parallel in oax Language : Ipsa moUities. 
But I must not omit to tell you, that I now onely owe you thanks 
for intimating unto me (how modestly soever) the true Artificer. 
For the work it self I had view'd som good while before, with 
singular delight, having receiv'd it from our common Friend 
Mr. R. in the very close of the late ^'s Poems, Printed at Oxford, 
wherunto it was added (as I now suppose) that the Accessory 
niight help out the Principal, according to the Art of Stationers, 
and to leave the Reader Con la hocca doles. 

Now Sir, concerning your travels, wherin I may chalenge a 
little more priviledge of Diseours with you ; I suppose you will 
not blanch Paris in your way ; therfore I have been bold to 
trouble you with a few lines to Mr, M. B. whom you shall easily 
find attending the young Lord S. as his Governour, and you may 
surely receive from him good directions for the shaping of your 
farther journey into Italy, where he did reside by my choice som 
time for the King, after mine own recess from Venice. 

I should think that your best Line will be thorow the whole 
length of France to Marseilles, and thence by Sea to Genoa, 
whence the passage into Tuscany is as Diurnal as a Gravesend 
Barge : I hasten as you do to Florence, or Siena, the rather to 
tell you a short story from the interest you have given me in 
your safety. 

At Siena I was tabled in the House of one Alberto Sdpioni, an 
old Roman Courtier in dangerous times, having bin Steward to 
the Duca di Pagliano, who with all his Family were strangled, 
save this onely man that escap'd by foresight of the Tempest : 
With him I had often much chat of those affairs ; Into which he 

(46) 



Honed by Google 



o^ Mask. 

took pleasure to look back from his Native Harbour ; and at my 
departure toward Rome (which had been the center of his ex- 
perience; I had wonn confidence enough to beg his advice, how 
I might cany my self securely there, without offence of others, or 
of mine own conscience. Stgnor Arrigo mio (sayes he) I pensieri 
stretti, &= a visa scioHo will go safely over the whole World : Of 
which Delphian Oracle (for so I have found it) your judgement 
doth need no commentary ; and therfore (Sir) I will commit you 
with it to the best of all securities, Gods dear love, remaining 
Your Friend as much at command 

as any of longer date, 

Henry Wooiton. 



Postscript, 

Sir, / have expressly sent this my Foot-boy to prevent your 
departure without som aeknowledgement from me of the receipt 
of your obliging Letter, having myself through som busines, I know 
not how, neglected the ordinary conveyance. In any part where 
I shall understand you fixed, I shall be glad, and diligent to 
entertain you with Some-Novelties ; even for som fomentation 
of our friendship, loo soon interrupted in the Cradle. 



(47) 



by Google 



The attendant Spirit afterwards in the habit of Thyrsi's. 

Coynus with his crew. 

The Lady, 

I. Brother. 

a. Brother. 

Sabrina the Nymph. 

The cheif persons which presented, well 
Tiie Lord Brady, 
Mr. Thomas Egeiion his Brother, 
The Lady Alice Egerion. 



Hosted by GoOt^Ic 



A 

MASK 

Presented 
At LUDLOW Castle, 

HS34. &f. 

The first Scene discovers a wilde Wood. 
The aftendanl Spirit descends or enters. 

Before the stairy threshold oi Joves Court 

My mansion is, where those immortal shapes 

Of bright aereal Spirits live insphear'd 

In Regions milde of calm and serene Ayr, 

Above the smoak and stirr of this dim spot, 

Which men call Earth, and with !ow-thoi:ghted care 

Confin'd, and pester'd in this pin-fold here, 

Strive to keep up a frail, and Feaverish being 

Unmindfull of the crown that Vertue gives 

After this mortal change, to her true Servants 

Amongst the enthron'd gods on Sainted seats. 

Yet som there be that by due steps aspire 

To lay their just hands on that Golden Key 

That ope's the Palace of Eternity : 

To such my errand is, and but for such, 

I would not soil these pure Ambrosial weeds. 

With the rank vapours of this Sin-worn mould. 

But to my task. Neptune besides the sway 
Of every salt Flood, and each ebbing Stream, 
Took in by lot 'twixt high, and neather Jove, 
Imperial rule of all the Sea-girt lies 
That like to rich, and various gemms inlay 
The unadorned boosom of the Deep, 
Which he to grace his tributary gods 

(49) E 



Hosted by GoOt^Ic 



^Miscellaneous Toems. 

By course commits to several! government, 

And gives them leave to wear their Saphire crowns, 

And weild their little tridents, but this He 

The greatest, and the best of all the main 

He quarters to his blu-hair'd deities. 

And all this tract that fronts the falling Sun 

A noble Peer of mickle trust, and power 

Has in his charge, with temper'd awe to guide 

An old, and haughty Nation proud in Arms ; 

Where his fair otF-spring nurs't in Princely lore, 

Ave coming to attend their Fathers state, 

And new-entrusted Scepter, but their way 

Lies through the perplex't paths of this drear Wood, 

The nodding horror of whose shady brows 

Threats the forlorn and wandring Passinger. 

And here their tender age might suffer perill, 

But that by quick command from Soveran Jove 

I was dispatcht for their defence, and guard; 

And listen why, for I will tell ye now 

What never yet was heard in Tale or Song 

From old, or modem Bard in Hall, or Eoivr. 

Bacchus that first from out the purple Grape, 
Crush't the sweet poyson of mis-used Wine 
Ailer the Tuscan Mariners transform'd 
Coasting the Tyrrhene shore, as the winds listed. 
On Cines Hand fell (who knows not C!ri:e 
The daughter of the Sun? Whose charmed Cup 
Whoever tasted, lost his upright shape. 
And downward fell into a groveling Swine) 
This Nymph that gaz'd upon his clustring locks. 
With Ivy berries wreath'd, and his blithe youth. 
Had by him, ere he parted thence, a Son 
Much like his Father, but his Mother more. 
Whom therfore she brought up and Comus nam'd, 
Who ripe, and frolick of his full grown age, 
Roaving the Celtick, and Iberian fields. 
At last betakes him to this ominous \Vood, 
And in thick shelter of black shades imbowr'd, 
Excells his Mother at her mighty Art, 
Offring to every weary Travailer, 

+3 ye] you t67j 



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<iA Mash. 



His orient liquor in a Crystal Glasse, 

To quench the drouth of PkiBbus, which as they taste 

(For most do taste through fond intemperate thirst) 

Soon as the Potion works, their human count'nance, 

Th' express resemblance of the gods, is chang'd 

Into sora brutish form of Woolf, or Bear, 70 

Or Ounce, or Tiger, Hog, or bearded Goat, 

All other parts remaining as they were, 

And they, so perfect is their misery, 

Not once perceive their foul disfigurement. 

But boast themselves more comely then before 

And all their friends, and native home forget 

To roule with pleasure in a sensual stie, 

Therfore when any favour'd of high Jove, 

Chances to pass through this adventroua glade. 

Swift as the Sparkle of a glancing Star, 80 

I shoot from Heav'n to give him safe convoy. 

As now I do : But first I must put off 

These my skie robes spun out of Iris Wooff, 

And take the Weeds and hkenes of a Swain, 

That to the service of this house belongs, 

Who with his soft Pipe, and smooth-dittied Song, 

Well knows to still the wilde wmds when they roar, 

And hush the waving Woods, nor of lesse faith. 

And in. this office of his Mountain watch. 

Likeliest, and neerest to the present ayd 90 

Of this occasion. But I hear the tread 

Of hatefull steps, I must be viewles now. 

Comus enters iviik a Chattning Rod in one hand, his Giass in the other, untk 
him a roui 0/ Monsttrs, headed like sundry sorts ofvsilde Beasts, bat other- 
tiiise like Men and Women, their Apparel glislring, ihey com iit making a 
riotous and unruly noise, mth Tardus in their hands. 

Comus. The Star that bids the Shepherd fold, 

Now the top of Heav'n doth hold. 

And the gilded Car of Day, 

His glowing Axle doth allay 

In the steep Atlantick stream. 

And the slope Sun his upward beam 

Shoots against the dusky Pole, 

Pacing toward the other gole ico 

Of his Chamber in the East. 

Mean while welcom Joy, and Feast, 

(s.) 



Honed by Google 



hf 11 


phears, 


h M 


h 


and Years. 


th 


11 


heir finny drove: 
ft orrice move, 


d 


d 


helves, 


-ud h 


d 


pper Elves; 


d F 




brim, 


d k 


h 


r isies trim. 


dp 


m 


keep: 


d w 


1 


p? 



zJMiscellaneotis 'Poems. 

Midnight shout, and revelry 
Tipsie dan d T 1! y 

Braid your k 1 1 e 

Dropping od d i p j, 

Rigor now b d 

And Advic h pi h d 

Strict Age, d b } 

With their g & 1 b ly. 

We that ar f p fi 
Imitate the Sta Q 
Who in the gi !y 
Lead in sw f 
The Sound d S&. 

Now to the M 
And on the 
Trip the pe F 
By dimpled B k 
The Wood-N ph 
Their merr k 

What hath' h 
Night hath b 
Venus now wakes, and wakns Love. 
Com let us our rights begm, 
'Tis onely d^} hght that makes Sin 
Which these dun shades will ne're report. 
Hail Goddesse of Nocturnal sport 
Dark vaild Cotyfto, t' whom the secret flame 
Of mid-night Torches burns , mysterious Dame 
That ne're art call d, but when the Dragon woom 
Of Stygian darknes spets her thickest gloom. 
And makes one blot of all the ayr, 
Stay thy cloudy Ebon chair, 
Wherin thou rid'st with Hecaf, and befriend 
Us thy vow'd Priests, til utmost end 
Of all thy dues be done, and none left out, 
Ere the blabbing Eastern scout. 
The nice Morn on th' Indian steep 
From her cabin'd loop hole peep. 
And to the tel-tale Sun discry 
Our conceal'd Solemnity. 
Com, knit hands, and beat the ground. 
In a light fantastick round. 



by Google 





o^ Mask. 


Bre k ff 1 


k fr I f I h 


Of h 


f b 


Rui y 


b ds, b h 


Our b 


y aii gh m 


(Fo I 


d ga h b> 


Bengh d 


b W d N 


And m 


ly I h 1 


Be 11 


k b f b 


Abo y 


M h C Tb 


My dazl 


Sp 11 b p 


Of p 


b b } 1 


And 


fl p 


And > q 


h bts b d 


And p h 


D 1 p 


Wh b m 


b f h 



And 11 pi d f gl 

Bai d h ea pi bl 

Wii d b ea hea d ra 

And b g h \\ b s 

Hatb n e be e ue of tbis Magick dust, 

I si all appe. som harmles Villager 

Wh m h f keeps up about his Country gear, 

But bere she comes, I ferirly step aside, 

And hearken, if I may, her busines here, 

Tht Lady enters. 

Thi w y h n a f mine ear be true, 

My b g d n bought it was the sound 

Of R d 11 gd Merriment, 

Such be J ond Fl or gamesom Pipe 

Stir p a n h 1 unleter'd Hinds, 

Wh h g Flocks, and granges full 

Inw dn byp e the bounteous Pan, 

And hank h g d 

To b de 

Of h 1 \ 1 

Shall I nf ra 

169 If I m h 
(63) 



I should be loath 
d swiU'd insolence 
et where els 
inted feet 


«, 9 order inverleU iS-jj 
ay her business hear 76 



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^Miscellaneous 'Poems. 

In the blind mazes of this tangi'd Wood ? 

My Brothers when they saw me wearied out 

With this long way, resolving here to lodge 

Under the spreading favour of these Pines, 

Stept as they se'd to the next Thicket side 

To bring me Berries, or such cooling fruit 

As the kind hospitable Woods provide. 

They left me then, when the gray-hooded Eev'n 

Like a sad Volarist in Palmers weed 

Rose from the hindmost wheels of Phcebus wain. i 

But where they are, and why they came not back, 

Is now the labour of my thoughts, 'tis likeliest 

They had ingag'd their wandring steps too far. 

And envious darknes, e're they could return. 

Had stole them from me, els O theevish Night 

Why shouldst thou, but for som fellonious end. 

In thy dark lantern thus close up the Stars, 

That nature hung in Heav'n, and fill'd their Lamps 

With everlasting oil, to give due light 

To the misled and lonely Travailer? 2 

This is the place, as well as I may guess. 

Whence eev'n now the tumult of loud Mirth 

Was rife, and perfet in my list'ning ear. 

Vet nought but single darknes do I find. 

What might this be? A thousand fantasies 

Begin to throng into my memory 

Of calling shapes, and beckning shadows dire. 

And airy tongues, that syllable mens names 

On Sands, and Shoars, and desert Wildernesses. 

These thoughts may startle well, but not astound 2 

The vertuous mind, that ever walks attended 

By a strong siding champion Conscience.— — 

welcom pure-ey'd Faith, white-handed Hope, 
Thou hovering Angel girt with golden wings, 
And thou unblemish't form of Chastity, 

1 see ye visibly, and now beleeve 

That he, the Supreme good, t' whom all things ill 
Are hut as slavish officers of vengeance. 
Would send a glistring Guardian if need were 
To keep my life and honour unassail'd. 2 

Was I deceiv'd, or did a sable cloud 
Turn forth her silver lining on the night? 
(S4) 



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zA Mash. 



I did not err, there does a sable cloud 
Turn forth her silver lining on the night, 
And casts a gleam over this tufted Grove. 
I cannot hallow to my Brothers, but 
Such noise as I can make to be heard farthest 
He venter, for my new enliv'nd spirits 
Prompt me ; and they perhaps are not far off. 

SONG. 
Sweet. Ecko, sweetest Nymph that iiv'st uftscen 
Within thy airy shell 
By slow Meander's margent green. 
And in the violet imbroidcf^d vale 

Where the love-lorn Nightingale 
Nightly to thee her sad Song moumeth well. 
Canst thou not tell me of a gentle Pair 
That likest /Ay Narcissus arei 

O if thou have 
Hid them in som flowry Cave, 
Tell me but where 
Sweet Queen of Parly, Daughter of the Sphear, 
So moist thou be translated to the skies, 
And give resounding grace to all Heav'ns Harmonies. 

Com. Can any mortal mixture of Earths mould 
Breath such Divine inchanting ravishment ? 
Sure somthing holy lodges in that brest, 
And with these raptures moves the vocal air 
To testifie his hidd'n residence ; 
How sweetly did they float upon the wings 
Of silence, through the empty-vaulted night 
At every fell smoothing the Raven doune 
Of daiknes till it smil'd : I have oft heard 
My mother Circe with the Sirens three, 
Amid'st the flowry-kirtl'd Naiades 
Culling their Potent hearbs, and balefull drugs. 
Who as they sung, would take the prison'd soul. 
And lap it in Elysium, Scylla wept. 
And chid her barking waves into attention, 
And fell Charybdis murmur'd soft applause : 
Yet they in pleasing slumber lull'd the sense, 
And in sweet madnes rob'd it of it self, 

(Si) 



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zJMiscellaneous Toems. 

But such ^ sicred md home felt dehght 

Such sober certaintj of naking bhss 

I never he'^rd till noft He speak to her 

And she shall be m> Queen Hail fonen wonder 

Whom certim these rough shades d d never breed 

Unlesse the Goddes th^t m rural! shrine 

Dwell St here with Pm or Sii iw by blest Song 

Forbidding everj bleak unkindly Fog 

To touch the proaperous growth of this tall Wood. 270 

La Na> gentle Shcpheid il! is lost thit praise 
Th-tt IS addrest to unittendmg E^rs 
Not anj boast of skill but extreme shift 
How to regain my sever d company 
Compelld me to awake the courteous Echo 
To gne me answer from her mossie Couch. 

Co What chance good Lady hath bereft you thus? 

La Dim darknes, and this lea\y Lab>rinth. 

Co Couid that divide }ou from neer ushering guides? 

La They left me weary on a grassie terf, aSo 

Co By falshood or discourtesie or why? 

Li To seek ith \ally som cool fricndij Spring. 

Co \nd left your tair side all un£;uarded Lady? 

Za rhey were but tnam ind purpos d quick return. 

Co Perhaps fore stalling night prevented them. 

La How easie my misfortune is to hit 

Co Imports their loss beside the present need? 

La No less then f I should my brothers loose. 

Co \\ ere they of manlj prime or ) :)uthful bloom ? 

La As smooth is Hsba their unrazord lips. jyo 

Co Lno such I saw what time the hbour'd Oxe 
In his loose traces from the furrow came, 
And the awinkt hedger at his Supper sate; 
I saw them under a green mantling vine 
That crawls along the side of jon small hill^ 
Plucking ripe clusters from the tender shoots," 
Their port was more then human as thev stood ; 
I took It for a faerv Msion 
Of som gay creatures of the element 
That in the colours of the Rambow l\e 300 

And play ith plighted clouds I was aw strook, 
And as I past I worshipt if those jou seek 
It were a journei hke the path to He-n n 



by Google 



r^ Mask 

To help jou tind them La Centle Mllager 
What readiest way would bring me to that plate'' 
Co Due webt it r ses Irom this shrubby point 
La To find out that, good bhepherd I suppose, 
In buch a sc^nt allowance of Star light 
Would overtask the best Land Pilots art 
^lithout the sure guess of wdlpractizd feet jlo 

Co I know earh lane and e^erj alley green 
Dmgle or bushy dell of this w Ide Wood 
And every hosky bourn from side to side 
My dail} walks and ancient neighbourhood 
And if your stray attendance be )et lodgd 
Or shroud within these limits I shall know 
Ere morrow wake, or the low roosted laik 
From her thatch t pillat rowse if otherw^e 
I can conduct you Ladj to a low 

But lojal cottage, where }ou may be safe 3^0 

Till further quest La Shepherd I take th\ word, 
And trust thy honest offer d courtesie 
Which ott IS sooner found m lowly sheds 
With smoak) rafters then in tapstrj HalL 
And Courts of Princes where it first wis nam d 
And jet is most pretended In a place 
Less warranted then this or less secure 
I cannot be that I should feai to change it 
Eie me blt.st Providence and square my tmll 
To my proportion d strength bhepherd leid on — 33a 

The Tam Brothers. 
Eld Bro Unmuffle je faint stirs, and thou fiu Moon 
That wontst to lo\e the tri^ailers benizon, 
Stoop thy pale Msige through an ambei cloud 
And disinherit Chaos, that raigns here 
In double night of darknes, and of shides , 
Or if your mfluence be quite damm d up 
With black usurping mists, som gentle taper 
Though a rush Candle from the wicker hole 
Of som clay habitation Msit us 

With thy long levell d rule of streaming light, 340 

And thou shalt be our star of Arkady, 
Or JSrian Cjnosure 2 Bio Or if our ejes 
Be barrd that happines, might we hut hear 



by Google 



^Miscellaneous T'oeTns. 

The folded flocks pen'd in their watled coteSj 

Or sound of pastoral reed with oaten stops, 

Or whistle from the Lodge, or village cock 

Count the night watches to his feathery Dames, 

'T would be som solace yet, som little chearing 

In this close dungeon of innumerous bowes. 

But that haples virgin our lost sister 35 

Where may she wander now, whether betake her 

From the chill dew, amongst rude burrs and thistles? 

Perhaps som cold bank is her boulster now 

Or 'gainst the nigged bark of som broad Elm 

Leans her unpillow'd head fraught with sad fears. 

What if in wild amazement, and affright, 

Or while we speak within the direfuU grasp 

Of Savage hunger, or of Savage heat? 

Eld. Bro. Peace brother, be not over-exquisite 
To cast the fashion of uncertain evils ; 36 

For grant they be so, while they rest unknown. 
What need a man forestall his date of grief, 
And run to meet what he would most avoid? 
Or if they be but false alarms of Fear, 
How bitter is such self-delusion? 
I do not think my sister so to seek, 
Or so unprincipl'd in vertues book. 
And the sweet peace that goodnes boosoms ever, 
As that the single want of light and noise 
(Not being in danger, as I trust she is not) 3; 

Could stir the constant mood of her calm thoughts, 
And put them into mis-becoming plight. 
Vertue could see to do what vertue would 
By her own radiant light, though Sun and Moon 
Were in the &sX Sea sunk. And Wisdoms self 
Oft seeks to sweet retired Solitude, 
Where with her best nurse Contemplation 
She plumes her feathers, and lets grow her wings 
That in Che various bussle of resort 
Were all to rufil'd, and somtimes impair'd. i% 

He that has light within his own cleer forest 
May sit i'th center, and enjoy bright day. 
But he that hides a dark soul, and foul thoughts 
Benighted walks under the mid-day Sun ; 
Himself is his own dungeon. 

(S8) 



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zA Mask. 

2. Bro. Tis most true 

That musing meditation most affects 

The pensive secrecy of desert cell, 

Far from the cheerfull haunt of men, and herds, 

And sits as safe as in a Senat house, 

For who would rob a Hermit of his Weeds, 

His few Books, or his Beads, or Maple Dish, 

Or do his gray hairs any violence? 

But beauty like the fair Hesperian Tree 

Laden wiii blooming gold, had need the guard 

Of dragon watch with uninchanted eye, 

To save her blossoms, and defend her fruit 

From the rash hand of bold- Incontinence. 

You may as well spred out the unsun'd heaps 

Of Misers treasure by an out-laws den. 

And tell me it is safe, as bid me hope 

Danger will wink on Opportunity, 

And let a single helpless maiden pass 

Uninjur'd in this wilde surrounding wast. 

Of night, or lonelines it recks me not, 

I fear the dred events that dog them both. 

Lest som ill greeting touch attempt the person 

Of our unowned sister. 

Eld. Bro. I do not, brother, 
Inferr, as if I thought my sisters state 
Secure without all doubt, or controversie : 
Yet where an equall poise of hope and fear 
Does arbitrate tb'event, my nature is 
That I encline to hope, rather then fear, 
And gladly banish squint suspicion. 
My sister is not so defenceless left 
As you imagine, she has a hidden strength 
Which you remember not. 

3, Bro. What hidden strength. 

Unless the strength of Heav'n, if you mean that? 

Eld. Bro. I mean tliat too, but yet a hidden strei 
Which if Heav'n gave it, may be temi'd her own: 
'Tis chastity, my brother, chastity : 
She that has that, is clad in compleat steel. 
And like a quiver'd Nymph with Arrows keen 
May trace huge Forests, and unharbour'd Heaths, 
Infamous Hills, and sandy perilous wildes, 



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^^Miscellaneous Toems. 

Where through the sacred rayes of Chastity, 

No savage fierce, Bandite, or mountaneer 

Will dare to soyl her Virgin purity, 

Vea there, where very desolation dwels 

By grots, and caverns shag'd with horrid shades, 

She may pass on with unblench't majesty, 430 

Be it not don in pride, or in presumption. 

Som say no evil thing that walks hy night 

In fog, or fire, by lake, or moorish fen. 

Blew meager Hag, or stubborn unlaid ghost. 

That breaks his magick chains at cuyfeu time, 

No goblin, or swart faery of the mine. 

Hath hurtful! power o're true vii^inity. 

Do ye beleeve me yet, or shall I call 

Antiquity from the old Schools of Greece 

To testifie the arms of Chastity? 440 

Hence had the huntress Dian her dred bow 

Fair silver-shafted Queen for ever chaste, 

Wherwith she tam'd the brinded lioness 

And spotted mountain pard, but set at nought 

The frivolous bolt of Cupid, gods and men 

Fear'd her stern frown, and she was queen oth' Woods. 

What was that snaky-headed Gorgon sheild 

That wise Minerva wore, unconquer'd Virgin, 

Wherwith she free^'d her foes to congeal'd stone? 

But rigid looks of Chast austerity, 450 

And noble grace that dash't brute violence 

With sudden adoration, and blank aw. 

So dear to Heav'n is Saintly chastity 

That when a soul is found smcerely so 

\ thousand livened Angela lack} her 

Driving far off each thing of sm and guLlt 

And in cleer dream and solemn visioi 

Tell her of things that no grcss ear can hear 

Till oft confers with heii nly habitants 

Begin to cast a beam on th outward sh-n.e 460 

The unpollited temple of the mmd 

^nd turns it b\ det,rees to the souls esscr e 

Til all be made immortal bit when lust 

By unchaste looks loose gestures and fo il talk 

Put most b) leud and lavish act of sin 

lets in defilement to the nward parts 

((,0) 



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■•^ 



c^ Mask. 

The soui grows clotted by contagion 

Imbodie'? and imbrutes 1 11 she qu te Inotc 

The divine property of her fir^t; being 

Such are those thick and gloom) shadowi damp 470 

Oft seen m Charnell vaults and Sepulchers 

Lingenng and sitting by a new made gra\e 

As loath to lea\e the body that it ]o\ d 

And link t it self by carnal sensualty 

To a degenerate and degraded state. 

2. Bro. How charming is divine Philosophy ! 
Not harsh, and crabbed as dull fools suppose, 
But musical as is Apollo's lute, 
And a perpetual feast of nectar'd sweets, 
Where no crude surfet raigns. Eld. Bro. List, list, I hear 
Som far off hallow break the silent Air. 481 

2. Bro. Me thought so too; what should it be^ 

Eld. Bro. For certain 
Either som 01^ like us night-founder'd here, 
Or els som n^hbour Woodman or at worst 
Som roavug Robber ciU ng to his fellows 

2 Bro Hca\ n keep my s ster agen agen and neer, 
Best dnw ind atind upon our guard 

EM Bro He billow, 
If he be friendly he comes well if not 
Defence is a good cause and Hca\ n be for us 

T! e ai e»da«l ^pmf I ahkd 1 6s a SI epht d 

That hallow I should know what are ;ou? speak 490 
Com not too neei jou fall on iron stakes else 

S/'r What voice is that my >oung Lord? speik agen. 

s Bro O brother t s my father Shepherd sure 

Eld Bro Th)r tsf 'Whose artful strains ha\e oft delaid 
The huddling brook to hear his madrigal. 
And sweeten'd every muskrose of the dale, 
How cam'st thou here good Swain? hath any ram 
Slip't from the fold, or young Kid lost his dam. 
Or straggling weather the pen't flock forsook? 
How couldst thou find this dark sequester'd nook? jco 

^(V*. my lov'd masters heir, and his next joy, 
I came not here on such a trivial toy 
As a stray'd Ewe, or to pursue the stealth 

iensualty] sensuality 167^ 493 father] So also ,6jjfor tather's. 

(6.) 



by Google 



^Miscellaneous 'Poems. 

Of pilfering Woolf, not all the fleecy wealth 
That doth enrich these Downs, is worth a thought 
To this my errand, and the care it brought. 
But O my Viigin Lady, where is she? 
How chance she is not in your company? 

Eld. Bro. To tell thee sadly Shepherd, without blame, 
Or our neglect, we lost her as we came. 510 

Spir. Ay me unhappy then my fears are true. 

Eld. Bro. What fears good Thyrsisi Prethee briefly shew. 

Spir. He tell ye, 'tis not vain or fabulous, 
(Though so esteem'd by shallow ignorance) 
What the sage Poets taught by th' heav'nly Muse, 
Storied of old in high immortal vers 
Of dire Chimera's and inchanted lies. 
And rifted Rocks whose entrance leads to hell. 
For such there be, bu^ unbelief is blind. 

Within the navi! of this hideous Wood, i;2o 

Immufd in cypress shades a Sorcerer 4wels 
Of Bacchus, and of Circe bom, great Comus, 
Deep skill'd in all his mothers witcheries, 
And here to every thirsty wanderer, 
By sly enticement gives his banefutl cup, 
With many murmurs mixt, whose pleasing poison 
The visage quite transforms of him that drinks, 
And the inglorious likenes of a beast 
Fixes instead, unmoulding reasons mintage 
Character'd in the face; this have I learn't 5.10 

Tending my iiocks hard by i'th hilly crofts, 
That brow this bottom glade, whence night by night 
He and his monstrous rout are heard to howl 
Like stabl'd wolves, or tigers at their prey, 
Doing abhorred rites to Hecate 
In their obscured haunts of inmost bowres. 
Yet have they many baits, and guileful! spells 
To inveigle and invite th' unwary sense 
Of them that pass unweeting by the way. 
This evening late by then the chewing flocks 540 

Had ta'n their supper on the savoury Herb 
Of Knot-grass dew-besprent, and were in fold, 
I sate me down to watch upon a bank 
With Ivy canopied, and interwove 
With flaunting Hony-suckle, and began 



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c^ Mash. 

Wrapt in a pleasing fit of melancholy 

To meditate my rural minstrelsie, 

Till fancy had her fill, but ere a close 

The wonted roar was iip amidst the Woods, 

And fill'd the Air with barbarous dissonance, 550 

At which I ceas't, and listen'd them a while, 

Till an unusuall stop of sudden silence 

Gave respit to the drowsie frighted steeds 

That draw the litter of close-cartain'd sleep. 

At last a soft and solemn breathing sound 

Rose like a steam of rich distill'd Perfumes, 

And stole upon the Air, that even Silence 

Was took e're she was ware, and wish't she might 

Deny her nature, and be never more 

Still to be so displac't. I was all eare, 560 

And took in strains that might create a soul 

Under the ribs of Death, but O ere long 

Too well I did perceive it was the voice 

Of my most honour'd I-^dy, your dear sister. 

Amaz'd I stood, harrow'd with grief and fear. 

And O poor hapless Nightingale thought I, 

How sweet thou sing'st, how neer the deadly snare ! 

Then down the Lawns I ran with headlong hast 

Through paths, and turnings oft'n trod by day, 

Till guided by mine ear I found the place 570 

Where that damn'd wisard hid in sly disguise 

{For so by certain signes I knew) had met 

Already, ere my best speed could prevent. 

The aidless innocent Lady his wish't prey. 

Who gently ask't if he had seen such two. 

Supposing him som neighbour villager; 

Longer I durst not stay, but soon I guess't 

Ye were the two she mean't, with that I sprung 

Into swift flight, till I had found you here, 

But furder know I not. 2. £ro. O night and shades, 580 

How are ye joyn'd with hell in triple knot 

Against th'unanned weakness of one Virgin 

Alone, and helpless ! Is this the confidence 

You gave me Brother? EM. Bro. Yes, and keep it still, 

Lean on it safely, not a period 

547 meditate] medifate upon i6j} 556 steaml stream i6-jj 

580 furderl further i6-]3 
(63) 



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'dMiscellaneous 'Poems. 

Shall be unsaid for me : against the threats 

Of malice or of sorcery, or that power 

Which erring men call Chance, this I hold firm, 

Vertue may be assaii'd, but never hurt, 

Surpriz'd by unjust force, but not enthrall'd. 

Yea even that which mischief meant most harm, 

Shalt in the happy trial prove most glory. 

But evil on it self shall back recoyl, 

And mix no more with goodness, when at last 

Gather'd like scum, and setl'd to it self 

It shall be in eternal restless change 

Self-fed, and se!f-consum'd, if this fail. 

The pillar'd firmament is rott'ntiess, 

And earths base built on stubble. But com let's o 

Against th' opposing will and arm of Heav'n 

May never this just sword be lifted up, 

But for that damn'd magician, let him be girt 

With all the greisly legions that taroop 

Under the sooty flag of Acheron. 

Harpyies and Hydra's, or all the monstrous forms 

'Twixt Africa and Inde, lie find him out. 

And force him to restore his purchase back, 

Or drag him by the curls, to a foul death, 

Curs'd as his life, 

Spir. Alas good ventrous youth, 
I love thy courage yet, and bold Emprise, 
But here thy sword can do thee little stead, 
Farr other arms, and other weapons must 
Be those that quell the might of hellish charms, 
He with his bare wand can unthred thy joynts, 
And crumble all thy sinews. 

Eld. Bro. Why prethee Shepherd 
How durst thou then thy self approach so necr 
As to make this relation ? 

Spir. Care and utmost shifts 
How to secure the I^dy from surprisal, 
Brought to my mind a certain Shepherd I-ad 
Of small regard to see to, yet well skill'd 
In every vertuous plant and healing herb 
That spreds her verdant leaf to th'morning ray, 
He lov'd me well, and oft would beg me sing. 
Which when I did, he on the tender grass 

(«4) 



by Google 



o^ Mask. 

Would sit, and hearken even to extasie, 

And in requitall ope his leather'n scrip, 

And shew me simples of a thousand names 

TeUing their strange and vigorous faculties; 

Amongst the rest a small unsightly roof, 

But of divine effect, he cull'd me out ; 630 

The leaf was darkish, and had prickles on it. 

But in another Countrey, as he said. 

Bore a bright golden flowre, but not in this soyl -. 

Unknown, and like esteem'd, and the dull swayn 

Treads on it daily with his clouted, shoon. 

And yet more med'cinal is it then that Moly 

That Hermes once to wise Ulysses gave ; 

He call'd it Hainony, and gave it me, 

And bad me keep it as of sov'ran use 

'Gainst all inchantments, mildew blast, or damp 640 

Or gastly furies apparition ; 

I purs't it up, but little reckoning made, 

Till now that this extremity compell'd. 

But now I find it true ; for by this means 

I knew the foul inchanter though disguis'd, 

Enter'd the very lime-twigs of his spells. 

And yet came off : If you have this about you 

(As I will give you when we go) you may 

Boldly assault the necromancers hall ; 

Where if he be, with dauntless hardihood, 650 . 

And brandish't blade rush on him, break his glass,. 

And shed the lushious liquor on the ground. 

But sease his wand, though he and his curst crew 

Feirce signe of battail make, and menace high, 

Or like the sons of Vvkan vomit smoak. 

Yet will they soon retire, if he but shrink. 

EM. Bro. Thyrsis lead on apace, lie follow thee, 
And som good angel bear a sheild before us. 

The Scene changes to a slaiely Palace, set out wilh all inartncr 0/ delicioHsness ; 
soft Musick, Tables spred with all daintier. Crnnus appears mlh Ms rabble, 
and the Lady set in an inchanled Chair, to tiihotn he offers his Gloss, 
which she puts by, and goes about to rise. 

Comus. Nay Lady sit; if I but wave this wand, 
Your nerves are all chain'd up in Alablaster, 660 

And you a statue ; or as Daphne was 
Root-bound, that fled Apollo. 

(65} F : ; 



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(^Miscellaneous Toems. 

La Fool do not boast 
Thou canst nDt touch the freedom of my mmde 
With all thy ch-irns althout^h this corporal rinde 
Thou haste iminanaci 1 wh le Heavn sees good 

Co Why are jou vext Lady? whv do you frown P, 
Here dwell no frowns nor anger from these g'ltes 
Sorrow fl es tarr See here \ e all the pleasures 
That fancy cai beget on jouthfull thoughts 
When the fresh blood grons hvel) and returns 6; 

■ Brisk as the April buds m Pnmrose season 
And first behold this cordial Tulep here 
That flames and dances m his Crist'^! bounds 
W th spmts of balm and fragrant Syrops mi\t 
Not that Nepenthes which the wife of Tkone 
In Egypt gave to /otehom He/ ta 
Is of such power to st r up joj as thi': 
To life so friendlj or so cool to thirst 
W hj should you be so cruel to jour self 
And to those di nty hmms wh ch nature lent 6) 

For gentle usage and soft delicacj ? 
But you m\ert the co^ nants of her trust 
And harshly deal like an ill borrower 
With that which you recel^ d on other terms 
Scorning the une\empt cond tion 
Bj which all mortal fraiitj must subsist, 
Refreshment after toil ease alter [.an 
That have been t r d all day without repast 
And timely rest ha\e wanted but fair Virgin 
This will restore all soon 

La Twill not false traitor 6; 

'Tw 11 not restore the trutl a id 1 onestj 
That thou hast banish t from th> tongue with 1 es, 
Was this the cottage, and the safe abode 
Thou told'st me of? What grim aspects are these, 
These oughly-headed Monsters ? Mercy guard me ! 
Hence with thy brew'd inchantments, foul deceiver, 
Hast thou betrai'd my credulous innocence 
With visor'd falshood, and base forgery, 
And wouldst thou seek again to trap me here 
With lickerish baits fit to ensnare a brute? 71 

Were it a draft for Juno when she banquets, 
I would not taste thy treasonous offer; none 

(66) 



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Q^ Mask. 

But such as are good men can give good things. 
And that which is not good, is not dehcious 
To a well-govern'd and wise appetite. 

Co. O foolishnes of men ! that lend their ears 
To those budge doctors of the Stoick Furr, 
And fetch their precepts from the Cynick Tub, 
Praising the lean and sallow Abstinence, 
Wherefore did Nature powre her bounties forth, jio 

With such a full and unwithdrawing hand, 
Covering the earth with odourSj fruits, and flocks. 
Thronging the Seas with spawn innumerable. 
But all to please, and sate the curious taste? 
And set to work millions of spinning Worms, 
That in their green shops weave the smooth-hair'd silk 
To deck her Sons, and that no corner might 
Be vacant of her plenty, in her own loyns 
She hutch't th'all-worshipt ore, and precious gems 
To store her children with ; if all the world t^o 

Should in a pet of temperance feed on Pulse, 
Drink the clear stream, and nothing wear but Frei^e, 
Th'all-giver would be unthank't, would be unprais'd, 
Not half his riches known, and yet despis'd, 
And we should serve him as a grudging master, 
As a penurious niggard of his wealth, 
And live like Natures bastards, not her sons, 
Who would be quite surcharged with her own weight, 
And strangl'd with her waste fertility ; 
Th'earth cumber'd, and the wing'd air dark't with plumes, 
The herds would over-multitude their Lords, 731 

The Sea o'refraught would swell, and th'unsought diamonds 
Would so emblaze the forhead of the Deep, 
And so bestudd with Stars, that they below 
Would grow inur'd to light, and com at last 
To gaze upon the Sun with shameless brows. 
List Lady be not coy, and be not cosen'd 
With that same vaunted name Virginity, 
Beauty is natures coyn, must not be hoorded, 
But must be currant, and the good thereof 74° 

Consists in mutual and partak'n bliss. 
Unsavoury in th'injoyment of it self 
If you let slip time, like a neglected rose 
It withers on the stalk with languish't head. 
(6;) I! 



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zJMiscellaneous 'Poems. 



Bean y 




b 


d 


b h 




In c 






d 1 Ii 






Whe 




> 


d h 


k 


hp; 


It is f 


h 


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keep 


h 




The h 


d 




h 




plesions 


And h 


k 


f ry 


gr 11 


rv 


pl 


The sampl 


d 


h h 


f 


11. 


Wha 


d 


1 


d If 


f h 




Lov d 




J 


Ik 


h M 


? 


The 




h 


g h 


gf 




Thiik 


ht, 


d b 


d d ) 


or b 


y ung yet. 


L I 


h d 


h 


h h 


1 1 


ly lips 


In th 


h 11 


d 


b h 


h T 




Would 


k 


h 


y J dg 




ine eyes, 


Obt d 


g n 


1 


k 




g b. 


I ha 


h 




b 1 1 


g 




And 


h 




leek h 


p det 


Imp 


d 


h 


m 




re, 


As i 




d 


hid h 


Id h 




With h 


b 


d 


h g d 
ly h 


d 




Mea 


h p 






Tha 1 




d g 


h h 


1 




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1yd 


f 


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Ife yj 


1 


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h 




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d 


d be 


g h 




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h h 


1 dl 


p mp d I 






Now h 


P PO 


f Wlh 






Nat 


f 11 bl g 
p fl 


Id b 
P P 


11 d 


P 't 


In u 






And h 




h 


b d 


1 h 




And h 


h 




Id b b 


h 


k 


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d 


P & 


f h 


1 


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Ne'r 1 


k 


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d h 


g g 


feast, 


But 


h b 


d b 


gr d 






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d 
I 
P f 


bl ph 


h f 


h 


h 11 I go on ? 


Or h 


d 


£h T h 


d es 


Arm h 




' h 


words 


Aga 


h 


1 d 


p f Ch ty 




Fai 


Id I 




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h 


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Thou hast nc 


ir Eare, 


nor Soul tc 


1 apprehend 


The su 


iblime 


notion, 


and high mystery 




(6 


8) 


780 i 


inough] anow 


l6^} 





Hosted by GoOt^lc 



c^ Mask. 

• That must be utter'd to unfold the sage 
And serious doctrine of Virginity, 
And thou art worthy that thou shouldst not know 
More happiness then this thy present lot. 
Enjoy your deer Wit, and gay Rhetorick 790 

That hath so well been taught her dazling fence. 
Thou art not fit to hear thy self convinc't ; 
Vet should I try, the uncontrouled worth 
Of this pure cause would kindle my rap't spirits 
To such a fiame of sacred vehemence, 
That dumb things would be mov'd to sympathize. 
And the brute Earth would lend her nerves, and shake. 
Till all thy magick structures rear'd so high, 
Were shatteHd into heaps o're thy false head. 

Co. She fables not, I fee! that I do feat Soo 

Her words set off by som superior power; 
And though not mortal, yet a cold shuddring dew 
Dips me all o're, as when the wrath ai Jove 
Speaks thunder, and the chains of Erebus 
To som of Satums crew. I must dissemble, 
And try her^.yet more strongly. Com, no more. 
This is meer moral babble, and direct 
Against the canon laws of our foundation ; 
I must not suffer this, yet 'tis but the Sees 
And sellings of a melancholy blood; 810 

But this will cure all streight, one sip of this 
Will bathe the drooping spirits in delight 
Beyond the bliss of dreams. Be wise, and taste. — 

Thi Brothers rush in wilh Sivords dmtBH, wrest his Glass out of his hand, and 
break if against the givund ; Ms rout make signe of resistance, but are all 
dn'viu in ; The attendant Spirit comes in. 

Spir. What, have you let the false enchanter scape? 
ye mistook, ye should have snatcht his wand 
And bound him fast; without his rod revers't. 
And backward mutters of dissevering power, 
We cannot free the Lady that sits here 
In stony fetters fixt, and motionless ; 

Yet stay, be not disturb'd, now I bethink me, 820 

Som other means I have which may be us'd, 
Which once of Melibmus old I learnt 
The soothest Shepherd that ere pip't on plains. 
(«9) 



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•iJAdiscellaneous 'Poems. 

There is a gentle Nymph not farr from hence. 
That with moist curb sways the smooth Severn stream, 
Sabrina is her name, a Virgin pure, 
Whilom she was the daughter of Locrine, 
That had the Scepter from his father Bruk. 
The guiltless damsel flying the mad pursuit 
Of her enraged stepdam Guendolen, 830 

Commended her fair innocence to the flood 
That stay'd her flight with his cross-flowing course, 
The water Nymphs that in the bottom plaid. 
Held up their pearled wrists and took her in, 
Bearing her straight to aged Nereus Hall, 
Who piteous of her woes, rear'd her lank head. 
And gave her to his daughters to imbathe 
In nectar'd lavers strew'd with Asphodil, 
And through the porch and inlet of each sense 
Dropt in Ambrosial Oils till she reviv'd, 840 

And underwent a quick immortal change 
Made Goddess of the River ; still she retains 
Her maid'n gentlenes, and oft at Eeve 
Visits the herds along the twilight meadows, 
Helping all urchin blasts, and ill luck signes 
That the shrewd mediing Elfe delights to make, 
Which she with pretious viold liquors heals. 
For which the Shepherds at their festivals 
Carrol her goodnes lowd in rustick layes. 
And throw sweet garland wreaths into her stream 8;o 
Of pancies, pinks, and gaudy Daffadils. 
And, as the old Swain said, she can unlock 
The clasping charm, and thaw the numming spell, 
If she be right invok't in warbled Song. 
For maid'nhood she loves, and will be swift 
To aid a Virgin, such as was her self 
In hard besetting need, this will I try 
And adde the power of som adjuring verse. 

SONG. 

Sabrina fair 

Listen where thou art sitting S60 

Under the glassie, cool, translucent wave. 

In twisted braids of Lillies knitting 



by Google 



riA Mash. 

The loose train of thy amber-dropping hair, 
Listen for dear honour's sake, 
Goddess of the silver lake. 

Listen and save. 

Listen and appear to us 

In name of great Oceanus, 

By the earth-shaking Neptune's mace, 

And Tefkys grave majestick pace, 

By hoary Nereus wrincled look, 

And the Carpathian wisatds hook. 

By scaly Tritons winding shell, 

And old sooth-saying Glaucus spell, 

By Leucothea's lovely hands, 

And her son that rules the strands, 

By Thetis tinseJ-slipper'd feet, 

And the Songs of Sirens sweet, 

By dead Parthenope's dear tomb, 

And fair Lig-ea's golden comb, 

Wherwith she sits on diamond rocks 

Sleeking her soft alluring locks. 

By all the Nymphs that nightly dance 

Upon thy streams with wily glance. 

Rise, rise, and heave thy rosie head 

From thy coral-pa v'n bed. 

And bridle in thy headlong wave, 

Till thou our summons answered have. 

Listen and Ea\ 

Sabrina risea^ attended by water-Nymphes, and sings. 

By the rushy-fringed dank, 
Where grows the Willoio and the Osier dank, 

My sliding Chariot stayes. 
Thick set with Agat, and the azurn sheen 
Of Turkis blew, and Emrauld green 

That in the channeil strayes, 
Whilst from <^ the ■waters fleet 
Thus I set my printless feet 
Cre the Cotvslips Velvet head. 

Thai bends not as I tread, 
Gentle swain at thy request 

<7.) 



by Google 



zJMtscellaneous 'Poems. 

Spir. Goddess dear 
We implore thy powerful hand 
To undo the charmed b^nd 
Of true Virgin here distrest. 
Through the lorce, and through the wile 
Of unblest inchanter vile 

Sai Shepherd 'tis my office best 
To help msnared chastit) , 
Brightest Lady look on me, 
Thus I spnnkle on thy brest 
J^rops that from my fountam pure, 
I have kept of pretious cure. 
Thrice upon thy fingers tip, 
Thrice upon thy rubied lip, 
Next this marble venom'd seat 
Smear d with gumms of glutenous heat 
I touch with chaste palms moist and cold, 
Now the spell hath lost his hold; 
And I must haste ere morning hour 
To wait in 4mphtinlts bowr 

Sabrina descends, and Ihe Lady rises out of her seal. 
Spir. Virgin, daughter of Zocrine 
Sprung of old Anchises line, 
May thy brimmed waves for this 
Their full tribute never miss 
From a thousand petty rills. 
That tumble down the snowy hills : 
Summer drouth, or singed air 
Never scorch thy tresses fair. 
Nor wet Octobers torrent flood 
Thy molten crystal fill with mudd. 
May thy billows rowl ashoar 
The beryl, and the golden ore. 
May thy lofty head be crown'd 
With many a tower and terrass round, 
And here and there thy banks upon 
With Groves of myrrhe, and cinnamon. 
Com Lady while Heaven lends us grace, 
Let us fly this cursed place, 
Lest the Sorcerer us intice 
With som other new device. 



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o^ Mask. 

Not a waste, or needless sound 

Till we com to holier ground, 

1 shall be your faithfuU guide 

Through this gloomy covert wide, 

And not many furlongs thence 

Is your Fathers residence, 

Where this night are met in state 

Many a friend to gratulate 

His wish't presence, and beside 950 

All the Swains that there abide. 

With Jiggs, and rural dance resort, 

We shall catch them at their sport, 

And our sudden coming there 

Will double all their mirth and chore ; 

Com let us haste, the Stars grow high, 

But night sits monarch yet in the mid sky. 

Tks Scene changes, presailiHg Ludlow Town and the Pi-eaidenis Castle, 
ihett coin in Counlrsy- Dancers, after thsm the allendanl Spirit, vn'th the 
two Brothers and the Laity. 



Spir. £acA Shepherds, back, anough your play , 
Till next Sun-shine holiday. 
Here be without duck or nod 9 

Other trippings to be trod 
Of lighter toes, and such Court guise 
As Mercury did first devise 
With the mincing Dryades 
On the Lawns, and on the Leas. 
eeond Song presents them to Iheir father and molher. 
Noble Lord, and Lady bright, 
I have brought ye new delight, 
Mere behold so goodly grown 
Three fair branches of your own, 
Hea^n hath timely tri'd their youth, 9 

Their faith, iheir patience, and their truth. 
And sent them here through hard assays 
With a cro^on of deathless Praise, 

To triumph in victorious dance 
Ore sensual .Folly, and Intemperance. 



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^Miscellaneous Poems. 



The dances ended, the Spin! Epiloguiees. 

Spir. To the Ocean now I fly, 
And those happy climes that ly 
Where day never shuts his eye, 
Up in the broad fields of the sky : 
There I suck the liquid ayr 
All amidst the Gardens fair 
Of Hesperus, and his daughters three 
That sing about the golden tree ; 
Along the crisped shades and bowres 
Revels the spruce and jocond Spring, 
The Graces, and the rosie-hoosom'd Howres, 
Thither all their bounties bring, 
That there eternal Summer dwels, 
And West winds, with musky wing 
About the cedar'n alleys fling 
Nard, and Cassia's balmy smels. 
Iris there with humid bow. 
Waters the odorous banks that blow 
Flowers of more mingled hew 
Then her purfi'd scarf can shew, 
And drenches with Elysian dew 
(List mortals, if yoor ears be true) 
Beds of Hyacinth, and roses 
Where young Adonis oft reposes, 
Waxing well of his deep wound 
In slumber soft, and on the ground 
Sadly sits th' Assyrian Queen ; 
But far above in spangled sheen 
Celestial Cupid her fam'd son advanc't. 
Holds his dear Psyche sweet intranc't 
After her wandring labours long. 
Till free consent the gods among 
Make her his eternal Bride, 
And from her fair unspotted side 
Two blissful twins are to he born, 
Youth and Joy ; so Jove hath sworn. 

But now my task is smoothly don, 
I can fly, or I can run 
Quickly to the green earths end, 
Where the bow'd welkin slow doth bend, 



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riA Mash. 



And from thence can soar as soon 
To the corners of the Moon. 

Mortals that would follow me, 
Love vertue, she alone is free, 
She can teach ye how to clime 
Higher then the Spheary chime; 
Or if Vertue feeble were, 
Heav'n it self would stoop to her. 



The End. 



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POEMS ADDED IN THE 167%, EDITION. 



Anno aetatis 17. 
On the Death of a fair Infant dying of a Cough. 



O FAiSEST flower no sooner blown but blasted, 
^oft silken Primrose fading timelesslie, 
I Summers chief honour if thou hadst outlasted 
Bleak winters force that made thy blossome drie ^ 
For he being amorous on that lovel) die 

That did thy cheek envermeil, thought tu kiss 
But kill'd alas, and then bewayl'd his fatal bliss 



For smce gnm Aquilo h s chatioter 
By boistrous rape th Athenian damsel got 
He thought it toucht his Dcit e full neer 
If likewise he some ftir one '^^aatH not, 
Thereby to wipe awa> th mfamous blot 

Of long uncoupled bed and childless eld 
Which monj,st the wanton gods a foul reproach wai 



So mounting up m ycie pearled carr 
Through middle empire of the freezing aire 
He w-inderd lon^ till thee he spyd from farr 
There ended was his quest, there ceast his care 
Down he descended from his Snow soft chau-e 
Put all unwares with hs cold kind embrace 
Unhous d th) ^ irg n boul from her fair bidmg plac 
(76) 



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On the Death of a fair Infant. 



Yet art thou not inglorious in thy fate; 
For so Apollo, with unweeting hand 
Whilome did slay his dearly-loved mate 
Young Hyacinth bom on Eurotai strand, 
Voung Hyacinth the pride of Spartan land; 

But then transform'd him to a purple flower 
Alack that so to change thee winter had no power. 



IVet can I not perswade me thou art dead 
Or that thy coarse corrupts in earths dark wombe, 
Or that thy beauties lie in wonnie hed, 
Hid from the world in a low delved tombe p 
Could Heav'n for pittie thee so strictly doom ? 
Oh no ! for something in thy face did shine 
Above mortalitie that shew'd thou wast divine. 



Resolve me then oh Soul most surely blest 
(If so it be that thou these plaints dost hear) 
Tell me bright Spirit where e're thou hoverest 
Whether above that high first-moving Spheare 
Or in the EHsian fields (if such there were.) 
Oh say me true if thou wert mortal wight 
And why from us so quickly thou didst take thy flight. 



Wert thou some Starr which from the ruin'd roofe 
Of shak't Olympus by mischance didst fall; 
Which carefull Jove in natures true behoofe 
Took up, and in fit place did reinstall? 
Or did of late earths Sonnes besiege the wall 

Of sheenie Heav'n, and thou some goddess fled 
Amongst us here below to hide thy nectar'd head, 
(77) 



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(^Miscellaneous Toems. 



Or wert thou that just Maid who once before 

Forsook the hated earth, tell me sooth 

And cam'st again to visit us once more ? 

Or wert thou that sweet smihng Youth ! 

Or that c[r]own'd Matron sage white-robed Truth ? 

Or any other of that heav'nly brood 
Let down in clowdie throne to do the world some good. 



Or wert thou of the golden-winged hoast, 
Who having clad thy self in humane weed, 
To earth from thy prefixed seat didst poast. 
And after short abode flie back with speed. 
As if to shew what creatures Heav'n doth breed. 

Thereby to set the hearts of men on fire 
To scorn the sordid world, and unto Heav'n asoire. 



hy dd h 


y h 


b low 


h hj h 


1 d 


ice. 


h wr b h 


ha 


m d our foe 


% i h bl k 


P d 


h ce, 


wy I gh 


g P 


1 


d d 


d 


rv d nart 


K p rf 


h 


ffi 'here thou art. 



Th h h m h f w hid 

H f U d 1 1 

Ad y lea b hy Id; 

[Thmk what a present thou to God hast sentn 
And render him with patience what he lentj^ 

This if thou do he will an off-spring give, 
That till the worlds last-end shall make thy name to live. 

53 Or wert thou] Or wert thou Mercy coajedund by John Hfsh'a t 
Cl! Ch. Oxon.fram Otie on Nativity, st 15, 

(;8) 



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z^t a Vacation Exercise. 



Anno Aetatis 19. At a Vacation 'Exercise in the 
Colledge^ part Latin, part English. The Latin 
speeches ended, the English thus began. 

Hail native Language, that by sinews weak 
Didst move my first endeavouring tongue to speak, 
And mad'st iniperfect words with childish tripps, 
Half unpronounc't, slide through my infant-lipps, 
Driving dum silence from the portal dore, 
Where he had mutely sate two years before : 
Here I salute thee and thy pardon ask, 
That now I use thee in my latter task: 
Small loss it is that thence can come unto thee, 
I know my tongue but little Grace can do thee: m 

Thou needst not be ambitious to be first. 
Believe me I have thither packt the worst : 
And, if it happen as I did forecast, 
The daintest dishes shall be serv'd up last. 
I pray thee then deny me not thy aide 
For this same smali neglect that I have made : 
But haste thee strait to do me once a Pleasure, 
And from thy wardrope bring thy chiefcst treasure ; 
Not those new fangled toys, and triming slight 
Which takes our late fantasticks with delight, io 

But cull those richest Rubes, and gay'st attire 
Which deepest Spirits, and choicest Wits desire ; 
I have some naked thoughts that rove about 
And loudly knock to have their passage out; 
And wearie of their place do only stay 
Till thou hast deck't them in thy best aray ; 
That so they may without suspect or fears 
Fly swiflly to this fair Assembly's ears ; 
Yet I had rather if I were to chuse, 

Thy service in some graver subject use, 30 

Such as may make thee search thy coffers round, 
Before thou cloath my fancy in fit sound : 
Such where the deep transported mind may soare 
Above the wheeling poles, and at Heav'ns dore 
(79) 



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oJSdiscellaneous Toems. 

Look in, and see each blissful Deitie 

How he before the tbunderous throne doth lie, 

Listening to what unshorn Apollo sings 

To th'touch of golden wires, while Heie brings 

Immortal Nectar to her Kingly Sire : 

Then passing through the Spherse of watchful fire. 

And mistte Regions of wide air next under. 

And hills of Snow and lofts of piled Thunder, 

May tell at length how green-ey'd Neptune raves; 

In Heav'ns defiance mustering al! his waves ; 

Then sing of secret things that came to pass 

When Beldam Nature in her cradle was ; 

And last of Kings and Queens and Herds old, 

Such as the wise Demodocus once told 

In solemn Songs at King Akinous feast, 

While sad Ulisses soul and ali the rest 

Are held with his melodious harmonic 

In willing chains and sweet captivitie. 

But fie my wandting Muse how thou dost stray ! 

Expectance calls thee now another way. 

Thou know'st it must be now thy only bent 

To keep in compass of thy Predicament ; 

Then quick about thy purpos'd business come, 

That to the next I may resign my Roome. 



Then Ens is represatted as Father of the PradicaHUHls his ten SoHs, whereof the 
Eldest stood for Substance liiih his Canons, which Ens thus speaking, 
^plains. 

Good Suck befriend thee Son ; for at thy birth 

The Faiery Ladies daunc't upon the hearth; 60 ■ 

Thy dromsie Nurse hath sworn she did them spie 

Come tripping to the Room where thou didst lie ; 

And sweetly singing round about thy Bed 

Strew all their blessings on thy sleeping Head. 

She heard them give thee this, that thou should'st still 

From eyes of mortals walk invisible, 

Vet there is something that doth force my fear. 

For once it was my dismal hap to hear 

A Sjiil old, bow-bent with crooked age. 

That far events full wisely could presage, jo 



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<z^t a Vacation Exercise. 

And in Times long and dark Prospective Glass 
Fore-saw what future dayes should bring to pass, 
Your Son, said she, (nor can you it prevent) 
Shall subject be to many an Accident. 
O're all his Brethren he shall Reign as King, 
Yet every one shall make him underling, 
And those that cannot live from him asunder 
Ungratefully shall strive to keep him under. 
In worth and excellence he shall out-go them, 
Yet being above them, he shall be below them; 
From others he shall stand in need of nothing. 
Yet on his Brothers shall depend for Cloathing. 
To find a Foe it shall not be his hap, 
And peace shall lull him in her flowry lap ; 
Yet shall he live in strife, and at his dore 
Devouring war shall never cease to roare ; 
Yea it shall be his natural property 
To harbour those that are at enmity. 
What power, what force, what mighty spell, if not 
Your learned hands, can loose this Gordian knot? 



Rivers arise; whether thou be the Son, 
Of utmost Tweed, or Oose, or gulphie Dun, 
Or Trent, who like some earth-born Giant spreads 
His thirty Armes along the indented Meads, 
Or sullen Mole that runneth underneath, 
Or Severn swift, guilty of Maidens death, 
Or Rockie Avon, or of Sedgie Lee, 
Or Coaly Tine, or antient hallowed Dee, 
Or number loud that keeps the Scythians Name, 
Or Medway smooth, or Royal Towred Thatne. 
The resl was Pross, 



<8.) 



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oJMiscellaneous 'Poems. 

'The Fifth Ode of Horace. Lib. \. 



What slender Youth bedew'd with liquid odours 
Courts thee on Roses in some pleasant Cave, 

Pyrrha for whom bind'st thou 

In wreaths thy golden Hair, 
Plain in thy neatness ; O how oft shall he 
On Faith and changed Gods complain ; and Seas 

Rough with black winds and storms 

Unwonted shall admire : 
Who now enjoyes thee credulous, all Gold, 
Who aiwayes vacant, alwayes amiable lo 

Hopes thee ; of flattering gales 

Unmindful!. Hapless they 
To whom thou untry'd seem'st fair. Me in my vow'd 
Picture the sacred wall declares t' have hung 

My dank and dropping weeds 

To the stern God of Sea. 

\The Latin ttjel follows,'] 



XI 

A Book was writ of late call'd Tetrachordon ; 
And wov'n close, both matter, form and stile ; 
The Subject new : it walk'd the Town a while, 
Numbring good intellects ; now seldom pot'd on. 

Cries the stall-reader, bless us ] what a word on 
A title page is this I and some in file 
Stand spelling fals, while one might walk to Mile- 
End Green. Why is it harder Sirs then Gordon, 

Colkitto, or Macdonnel, or Galasp? 
Those rugged names to our like mouths grow sleek lo 

That would have made Quintiltan stare and gasp. 

Thy age, like ours, O Soul of Sir JoAn Cheek, 
Hated not Learning wors then Toad or Asp; 
When thou taught' st Cambridge, and King Edward Greek. 

xi. Camb. Autograph supplies title, On the Delraclion which foUovied upon 
my writitig certain Treatises. 



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Sonnets. 



XII. On the same. 

I did but prompt the age to quit their clc^gs 
By the known rules of antient libertie, 
When strait a barbarous noise environs me 
Of Owles and Cuckoes, Asses, Apes and Uoggs. 

As when those Hinds that were transform'd to Froggs 
Raild at Latona's twin-born progenie 
Which after held the Sun and Moon in fee. 
But this is got by casting Pearl to Hoggs; 

That bawle for freedom in their senceless mood, 
And still revolt when truth would set them free. 
Licence they mean when they cry libertie; 

For who loves that, must first be wise and good ; 
But from that mark how far they roave we see 
For all this wast of wealth, and loss of blood. 



To Mr. H. Lawes, on his Jires. 

XIII 

Harry whose tuneful and well measur'd Song 
First taught our English Musick how to span 
Words with just note and accent, not to scan 
With Midas Ears, committing short and long ; 

Thy worth and skill exempts thee from the throng. 
With praise enough for Envy to look wan; 
To after age thou shalt be writ the man. 
That with smooth aire couldst humor best our tongue. 

Thou honour'st Verse, and Verse must send her wing 
To honour thee, the Priest of Phmbus Quire lo 

That tun'st their happiest lines in Hymn, or Story. 

Dante shall give Fame leave to set thee higher 
Then his Casella, whom he woo'd to sing 
Met in the milder shades of Purgatory. 

9 send] lend Cambridge Aitlograph MS. 
(8j) G. 



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^Miscellaneous 'Poems, 



XIV 

When Faith and Love which parted from thee n«ver, 
Had ripen'd thy just soul to dwell with God, 
Meekly thou didat resign this earthy load 
Of Death, call'd Life ; wJiich us from Life doth sever. 

Thy Works and Alms and all thy good Endeavour 
Staid not behind, nor in the grave were trod ■ 
But as Faith pointed with her golden rod, 
Follow'd thee up to joy and bliss for ever. 

Love led them on, and Faith who knew them best 

Thy hand-maids, clad them o're with purple beams lo 
And azure wings, that up they flew so drest. 

And speak the truth of thee on glorious Theams 
Before the Judge, who thenceforth bid thee rest 
And drink thy fill of pure immortal streams. 



On the late Massacher in Piemont. 
XV 

Avenge O Lord thy slaughter'd Saints, whose bones 
Lie scatter'd on the Alpine mountains cold, 
Ev'n them who kept thy truth so pure of old 
When all our Fathers worship't Stocks and Stones, 

Forget not ; in thy book record theit groanes 
Who were thy Sheep and in their antient Fold 
Slayn by the bloody Pkmontese that roH'd 
Mother with Infant down the Rocks. Their moans 

The Vales redoubl'd to the Hills, and they 

To Heav'n. Their martyr'd blood and ashes sow lo 
O're all tWItalian fields where still doth sway 

The triple Tyrant : that from these may grow 
A hunder'd-fold, who having learnt thy way 
Early may fly the Babylonian wo. 

.iv. Camt>. Autograph supplies litle, On the Religious Memory of Mrs. 
'herine Tkomsoii, my Christian Friend, deceased i6 Decemb. 1646. 



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Sonnets. 



When I on d h w my Igh p n 
E'r half mydj nh dkwld and wide, 
And h n T 1 n h h d 1 h de, 
Ix)dgd hnu hghnySl more bent 

To se h w h n y IV k nd p 

My true account, least he returning chide. 
Doth God exact day-labour, light deny'd, 
I fondly ask; But patience to prevent 

That murmur, soon replies, God doth not need 
Either man's work or his own gifts, who best 
Bear his milde yoak, they serve him best, his State 

Is Kingly, Thousands at his bidding speed 
And post o're Land and Ocean without rest : 
They also serve who only stand and waite. 

XVII 

Lawrence of vertuous Father vertuous Son, 
Now that the Fields are dank, and ways are mire, 
Where shall we sometimes meet, and by the fire 
Help wast a sullen day , what may be won 

From the hard Season gammg : time will run 
On smoother, till I-avonius re-inspire 
The frozen earth , and cloth in fresh attire 
The LiUie and Rose, that neither sow'd nor spun. 

What neat repast shall feast us, light and choice. 

Of Attick last, with Wme, whence we may rise i 

To hear the Lute vvel! toucht, or artful! voice 

Warble immortal Notes and Tuskan Ayre? 

He who of those dehghts can judge, and spare 
To interpose them oft, is not unwise. 

XVIII 

Cyriack, whose Grandsire on the Royal Bench 
Of Brittish Thtmis, with no mean applause 
Pronounct and in his volumes taught our Lawes, 
Which others at their Barr so often wrench : 

To da} deep thoughts resolve with me to drench 
In mirth that after no repenting drawes; 
Let Euclid rest and Archtmedes pause. 



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^Miscellaneous Toems. 

And what the Swede intend, and what the French. 
To measure hfe, learn thou betimes, and know 

Toward solid good what leads the nearest way ; 

For other things mild Heav'n a time ordains. 
And disapproves that care, though wise in show. 

That with superfluous burden loads the day, 

And when God sends a cheerful hour, refrains. 

XIX 

Methought I saw my late espoused Saint 
Brought to me like Alcestis from the grave. 
Whom /aves great Son to her glad Husband gave, 
Rescu'd from death by force though pale and faint. 

Mine as whom washt from spot of child-bed taint, 
Purification in the old Law did save. 
And such, as yet once more I trust to have 
Full sight of her in Heaven without restraint. 

Came vested all in white, pure as her mind : 
Her face was vait'd, yet to my fancied sight. 
Love, sweetness, goodness, in her person shin'd 

So clear, as in no face with more delight. 
But as to embrace me she enclin'd 
I wak'd, she fled, and day brought back my night. 



On the new forcers of Conscience under the 
Long FARLUMENT. 

Because you have thrown of your Prelate Lord, 
And with stiff' Vowes renounc'd his Litut^ie 
To seise the widdow'd whore Piuralitie 
From them whose sin ye envi'd, not abhor'd, 

Dare ye for this adjure the Civill Sword 
To force our Consciences that Christ set free. 
And ride us with a classic Hierarchy 
Taught ye by meer A. S. and Rotherfordl 

Men whose Life, Learning, Faith and pure intent 
Would have been held in high esteem with Paul 
Must now be nam'd and printed Hereticks 

By shallow Edwards and Srotch what d'ye call : 
But we do hope to find out all your tricks, 
(86) 



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Sonnets. 



Your plots and packing wors then those of Trent, 
That so the Parliament 
May with their wholsom and preventive Shears 
Clip your Phylacteries, though bauk your Ears, 

And succour our just Fears 
When they shall read this clearly in your charge 
New Presbyter is but Old Friest writ Large. : 



The four following sonnets were not published untii 1694, and then iJ 
a mangled form by Phillips, in his Lift of Milton; they are here prinlei 
from the Cambridge MS., where that to Fairfax is in Milton's autograph. 



On the Lard Gen. Fairfax at the seige 
Colchester. 

Fairfax, whose name in armes through Europe rings 
Filling each mouth with envy, or with praise, 
And all her jealous nionarchs with amaze, 
And runJors loud, that daunt remotest kings, 

Thy firm unshak'n vertue ever brings 

Victory home, though new rebellions raise 
Thir Hydra heads, & the fals North displaies 
Her brok'n league, to impe their serpent wings, 

O yet a nobler task awaites thy hand; 

For what can Warr, but endless warr still breed. 
Till Truth, & Right from Violence be freed, 

And Public Faith cleard from the shameful! brand 
Of Public Fraud. In vain doth Valour bleed 
While Avarice, & Rapine share the land. 



(!?) 



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<LMiscellaneous Toems. 



To the Lord Generall Cromwell May 16^2. 



Cromwell, our cheif of men, who through a cloud 
Not of warr onely, but detractions rude, 
Guided by faith ft matchless Fortitude 
To peace & truth thy glorious way hast plough'd, 

And on the neck of crowned Fortune proud 
Hast reard Gods Trophies, & his work pursu'd. 
While Darwen stream with blood of Scotts imbru'd. 
And Dunbarr fetid resounds thy praises loud. 

And Worsters laureat wreath; yet much remaines 
To conquer still; peace hath her victories 
No less renownd then warr, new foes aries 

Threatning to bind our soules with secular chaines : 
Helpe us to save free Conscience from the paw 
Of hireling wolves whose Gospell is their maw. 



To S^ Henry Vane the younger. 

Fane, young in yeares, but in sage counsell old. 
Then whome a better Senatour nere held 
The helme of Rome, when gownes not arraes repelld 
The feirce Epeirot & the African bold, 

Whether to settle peace, or to unfold 
The drift of hollow states, hard to be spelld, 
Then to advise how warr may best, upheld. 
Move by her two maine nerves. Iron & Gold 

In all her equipage ; besides to know 

Both spirituall powre & civill, what each meaiies 
What severs each thou 'hast learnt, which few have do 

The bounds of either sword to thee wee ow. 
Therfore on thy firme hand religion leanes 
In peace, & reck'ns thee her eldest son. 
(8S) 



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Tsalm i. 



To Mr. Cyriack Skinner upon his Blindness. 

Cyriatk, this three years day these eys, though clear 
To outward view, of blemish or of spot; 
Bereft of hght thir seeing have forgot. 
Nor to thir idle orbs doth sight appear 

Of Sun or Moon or Starre throughout the year, 
Or man or woman. Yet I argue not 
Against heavns hand or will, nor bate a jot 
Of heart or hope ; but still bear vp and steer 

Right onward. What supports me, dost thou ask? 

The conscience, Friend, to have lost them overply'd \a 
In liberty es defence, my noble task, 

Of which all Europe talks from side to side. 

This thought might lead me through the world's vain mask 
Content though blind, had 1 no better guide. 



VSAL. I. Done into Verse ^ ^^11- 

Bless'd is the man who hath not walk'd astray 
In counsel of the wicked, and ith'way 
Of sinners hath not stood, and in the seat 
Of scomers hath not sate. But in the great 
Jehovahs Law is ever his delight, 
And in his Law he studies day and night. 
He shall be as a tree which planted grows 
By watiy streams, and in his season knows 
To yield his fruit, and his leaf shall not fall, 
And what he takes in hand shall prosper all. 
Not so the wicked, but as chaff which fann'd 
The wind drives, so the wicked shall not stand 
In judgment, or abide their tryal then, 
Nor sinners in th'assembly of just men. 
For the Lord knows th'upright way of the just. 
And the way of bad men to ruine must. 
(»9) 



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'dMiscellaneous Toems. 



PSJL. II. Done Jug. 8. 165-3. TerT^etti. 

Why do the Gentiles tumult, and the Nations 
Muse a vain thing, the Kings of th'earth upstand 
With power, and Princes in their Congregations 

I^y deep their plots together through each Land, 
Against the Lord and his Messiah dear. 
Let us break of^ say they, by strength of hand 

Their bonds, and cast from us, no more to wear, 
Their twisted cords : he who in Heaven doth dwell 
Shall laugh, the Lord shall scoff them, then severe 

Speak to them in his wrath, and in his fell : 

And fierce ire trouble them ; but I saith hee 
Anointed have my King (though ye rebell) 

On Sion my hoh' hill. A firm decree 

I will declare ; the Lord to me hath say'd 
Thou art my Son I have begotten thee 

This day ; ask of me, and the grant is made ; 
As thy possession I on thee bestow 
Th'Heathen, and as thy conquest to be sway'd 

Earths utmost bounds : them shalt thou bring full low 
With Iron Scepter bruis'd, and them disperse : 

Like to a potters vessel shiver'd so. 

And now be wise at length ye Kings averse 
Be taught ye Judges of the earth; with fear 
Jehovah serve, and let your joy converse 

With trembling; kiss the Son least he appear 
In anger and ye perish in the way 
If once his wrath take fire like fuel sere. 

Happy all those who have in him their stay. 



PSAL. III. Aug. 9. KSfj. 
When he fled fiom Absalom. 

Lord how many are my foes 

How many those 
That in arms against me rise 

Many are they 

(90) 



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'Psalm iv. 

That of my life distrustfully thus say, 
No help for him in God there lies. 
But thou Lord art my shield my glory, 
Thee through my story 
Th' exalter of my head I count 
Aloud I cry'd 
Unto Jehovah, he full soon reply'd 
And heard me from his holy mount. 
I lay and slept, I wak'd again. 
For my sustain 
Was the Lord. Of many millions 
The populous rout 
I fear not though incamping round about 
They pitch against me their PavilHons. 
Rise Lord, save me my God for thou 

Hast smote ere now ; 

On the cheek-bone all my foes, 
Of men abhor'd 
Hast broke the teeth. This help was from the Lord ; 
Thy blessing on thy people flows. 



TSJL. IV. 



TO. IlSj-j. 



Answer me when I call 
God of my righteousness ; 
In straights and in distress 
Thou didst me disinthrall 
And set at large; now spare, 

Now pity me, and hear my earnest prai'r. 
Great ones how long will ye 
My glory have in scorn 
How long be thus forborn 
Still to love vanity, 
To love, to seek, to prize 

Things false and vain and nothing else but lies? 
Vet know the Lord hath chose 
Chose to himself a part 
The good and meek of heart 
(For whom to chuse he knows) 
Jehovah from on high 

Will hear my voyce what time to him I criei 

(9.) 



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^^Miscellaneous Toems. 

Be aw'd, and do not sin, 
Speak to your hearts alone, 
Upon your beds, each one, 
And be at peace within. 
Offer the offerings just 

Of righteousness and in Jehovah trust 
Many there be that say 
Who yet will shew us good? 
Talking like this worlds brood • 
But Lord, thus let me pray, 
On us lift up the light 

Lift up the favour of thy count'nance b 
Into my heart more joy 
And gladness thou hast put 
Then when a year of glut 
Their stores doth over-cloy 
And from their plenteous grounds 

With vast increase their corn and wine 
In peace at once will I 
Both lay me down and sleep 
For thou alone dost keep 
Me safe where ere I lie 
As in a rocky Cell 

Thou Lord alone in safety mak'st me d 



PSJL. V. Aug. 12. i(if3. 

Jehovah to my words give ear 

My meditation waigh 
The voyce of my complaining hear 
My King and God for unto thee I pray, 
Jehovah thou my early voyce 

Shalt in the morning hear 
Ith'morning I to thee with choyce 
Will rank my Prayers, and watch till thou appear. 
For thou art not a God that takes 

In wickedness delight 
Evil with thee no biding makes 
Fools or mad men stand not within thy sight 
All workers of iniquity 



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Tsalm vi. 

Thou hat'st ; and them unblest 
Thou wilt destroy that speak a ly 
The bloodi' and guileful man God doth detest. 
But I will in thy mercies dear 
Thy numerous mercies go 
Into thy house , I in thy fear 
Will towards thy holy temple worship low. 
Lord lead me m thy righteousness 

Lead me because of those 
That do obstrve if I transgress, 
Set thy wayes right before, «here my step goes. 
For m his faltring mouth unstable 

No word IS firm or sooth 
Their mside, troubles miserable. 
An open grave their throat, their tongue they smooth. 
God, find them guilty, let them fall 
By their own counsels quell'd , 
Push them m their rebellions all 
Still on , tor against thee they have rebell'd ; 
Then all who trust in thee shall bring 
Their joy while thou from bkme 
Defend St them, they shall e^er sing 
And shall triumph m thee, «ho loie thy name. 
For thou Jehovah wilt be found 
To bless the just man still, 
As with a shield thou wilt surround 
Him With thy lasting favour and good will. 



PSJL. VI. Jug. 13. idfj. 

LoKD in thine anger do not reprehend me 

Nor in thy hot displeasure me correct; 
Pity me Ix)rd for 1 am much deject 

Am very weak and faint ; heal and amend me, 
For all my bones, that even with anguish ake, 

Are troubled, yea my soul is troubled sore ; 
And thou O Lord how long? turn Lord, restore 

My soulj save me for thy goodness sake 
For in death no remembrance is of thee ; 

Who in the grave can celebrate thy praise? 
Wearied I am with sighing out my dayes, 

Nightly my Couch I make a kind of Sea ; 
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^iJMiscellaneous Toems. 

My Bed I water with my tears ; mine Eie 

Through grief consumes, is waxen old and dark 
Ith' mid'st of all mine enemies that mark. 

Depart all ye that work iniquitie. 
Depart from me, for the voice of my weeping 

The Lord hath heard, the Lord hath heard my prai'r 
My supplication with acceptance fair 

The Lord will own, and have me in his keeping. 
Mine enemies shall all be blank and dash't 

With much confusion ; then grow red with shame, 
They shall return in hast the way they came 

And in a moment shall be quite abash't. 



PSAL. VII. Aug. 14. 16 s^. 

T)pon the words of Chush the Benjamite 

against him. 

Lord my God to thee I flie 
Save me and secure me under 
Thy protection while I cne 
l.£ast as a Lion (and no wonder) 
He hast to tear mj "^oul asunder 
Tearing and no rescue nigh 

Lord my God if I have thought 
Or done this, if mckedness 
Be in my hands, if I have wrought 
111 to him that meant me peace, 
Or to him have render'd less, 
And not fre'd my foe for naught ; 

Let th'enemy pursue my soul 

And overtake it, let him tread 

My life down to the earth and roul 

In the dust my glory dead, 

In the dust and there out spread 

Lodge it with dishonour foul. 

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Tsalm vii. 

Rise Jehovah in thine ire 

Rouze thy self amidst the rage 

Of my foes that urge like fire ; 

And wake for me, their furi' asswage ; 

Judgment here thou didst ingage 

And command which I desire. 

So th' assemblies of each Nation 
Will surround thee, seeking right. 
Thence to thy glorious habitation 
Return on high and in their sight. 
Jehovah judgeth most upright 
All people firom the worlds foundation. 

Judge me Lord, be judge in this 
According to my righteousness 
And the innocence which is 
Upon vat : cause at length to cease 
Of evil men the wickedness 
And their power that do amiss. 

But the just establish fast, 

Since thou art the just God that tries 

Hearts and reins. On God is cast 

My defence, and in him lies 

In him who both just and wise 

Saves th' upright of Heart at last. 

God is a just Judge and severe, 

And God is every day offended ; 

If th' unjust will not forbear. 

His Sword he whets, his Bow hath bended 

Already, and for him intended 

The tools of death, that waits him near, 

(His arrows purposely made he 
For them that persecute.) Behold 
He travels big with vanitie. 
Trouble he hath conceav'd of old 
As in a womb, and from that mould 
Hath at length brought forth a Lie. 



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^Miscellaneous "Poems. 

He dig'd a pit, and delv'd it deep. 

And fell into the pit he made, 

His mischief that due course doth keep, 

Turns on his head, and his ill trade 

Of violence will undelay'd 

Fall on his crown with tuine steep. 

Then will I Jehovah's praise 
According to his justice raise 
And sing the Name and Deitie 
Of Jehovah the most high. 



PSJL. mi. Jug. 14. 16 SI- 

O Jehovah our Lord how wondrous great 

And glorious is thy name through ail the earth ? 

So as above the Heavens thy praise to set 
Out of the tender mouths of latest bearth. 

Out of the mouths of babes and sucklings thou 
Hast founded strength because of all thy foes 

To stint th'enemy, and slack th'avengers brow 
That bends his rage thy providence to oppose. 

When I behold thy Heavens, thy Fingers art, 

The Moon and Starrs which thou so bright Iiast bet, 

In the pure firmament, then saith ray heart, 
O what is man that thou remembrest yet, 

And think'st upon him ; or of man begot 
That him thou visit'st and of him art found ; 

Scarce to be less then Gods, thou mad'st his lot. 
With honour and with state thou hast him crown"d. 

O're the works of thy hand thou mad'st him Lord, 

Thou hast put all under his lordly feet. 
All Flocks, and ■ Herds, by thy commanding word, 

All beasts that in the field or forrest meet. : 

Fowl of the Heavens, and Fish that through the wet 
Sea-paths in shoals do slide. And know no dearth. 

O Jehovah our Lord how wondrous great 

And glorious is thy name through all the earth. 



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Tsalm Ixxx. 



April, 1(^48. J. M. 

Nine of the Psalms done into Metre^ wherein all but 

what is in a different Character^ are the 

very words of the "Text, translated 

from the Original. 

PSJL. LXXX. 

1 Thou Shepherd that dost Israel keep 

Give ear in time of need. 
Who leadest like a flock of sheep 
'■■ Thy loved Josephs seed, 
That sitt'st betw^ the Cherubs bright 

Be/ween their' wings out-spread 
Shine forth, and from thy cloud give tight. 

And on our foes thy dread. 

2 In Ephraims view and Benjamins, 

And in Manasse's sight 10 

Awake * thy strength, come, and be seen • cmn-era. 
To save us by Ihy might. 

3 Turn us again, thy grace divine 

To us O God vouchsafe ; 
Cause thou thy face on us to shine 
And then we shall be safe. 

4 Lord God of Hosts, how long wilt thou, 

How long Wilt thou declare 
Thy *snioaking wrath, and angry iroic ' Guaiiia^ia. 

Against thy peoples praire. 20 

5 Thou feed'st them with the bread of tears. 

Their bread with tears they eat. 
And mak'st them* largely drink the tears * skuiuk. 
MTierwith their cheeks are wet. 

6 A strife thou mak'st us and a prey 

To every neighbour foe. 
Among themselves they * laugh, they *play, * jagna^n. 

And ■ flouts at us they throw, 
(9!) H 



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^Miscellaneous Toems. 

7 Return us, and thy gface divine, 

O God of Hosts vouchsafe 
Cause thou thy face on us to shine. 
And then we shall be safe. 

8 A Vine from ^gypt thou hast brought, 

Thy free love made it thine, 
And drov'st out Nations proud and haut 
To plant this lovely Vine. 

9 Thou did'st prepare for it a place 

And root it deep and fast 

That it began to grow apace. 

And fiU'd the land at last. 

10 With her green shade that cover'd all, 

The Hills were over-spread 
Her Bows as high as Cedars tall 
Advanc'd their lofty head. 

11 Her branches on the western side 

Down to the Sea she sent, 
And upward to that river wide 
Her other branches went. 
iz Why hast thou laid her Hedges low 
And brok'n down her Fence, 
That all may pluck her, as they go. 
With rudest violence ? 

13 The tusied Boar out of the wood 

Up turns it by the roots, 
Wild Beasts there brouze, and make their food 
Her Grapes and lender Shoots. 

14 Return now, God of Hosts, look down 

From Heav"!!, thy Seat divine, 
Behold us, but without a frown, 
And visit this thy Vine. 

15 Visit this Vine, which thy right hand 

Hath set, and planted long, 
And the young branch, that for thy self 
Thou hast made tirm and strong. 

16 But now it is consum'd with fire, 

And cut with Axes down, 

They perish at thy dreadfuU ire, 

At thy rebuke and frown. 

T7 Upon the man of thy right hand 

I-et thy good hand be laid, 



bsGoogk' 



Tsalm Ixxxt. 

Upon the Son of Man, whom thou 

Strong for thyself hast made. 
i8 So shall we not go back from thee 

To wayes of sin and shame, 
Quick'n us thou, then gladly wee 

Shall call upon thy Name. 
Return us, and thy grace divine 

Lord God of Hosts vouisafe. 
Cause thou thy face on us to shine. 

And then we shall be safe. 



PSJL. LXXXI. 

1 To God our strength sing loud, and clear, 

Sing loud to God our Jibing, 
To Jacobs God, iAal all may hear 
Loud acclamations ring. 

2 Prepare a Hymn, prepare a Song 

The Timbrel hither bring 
The cheerfitll Psaltry bring along 
And Harp ivith pleasant string. 

3 Blow, as is wont, in the new Moon 

With Trumpets lofty sound, 
Th' appointed time, the day wheron 
Our solenm Feast comes round. 

4 This was a Statute giv'n of old 

For Israel to observe 
A Law of Jacobs God, to hold 

From whence they might not swerve. 

5 This he a Testimony ordain'd 

In Joseph, not to change. 
When as he pass'd through .^gypt land; 
The Tongue I heard, was strange. 

6 From burden, and from slavish toyk 

I set his shoulder free; 
His hands from pots, and mirh soyle 
Deiiver'd were 6y me. 

7 When trouble did thee sore assaile, 

On me then didst thou call, . , 

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^iJ\4hcellaneous 'Poems. 

And I to free thee did not faik, 

And led thee out of thrall. 
I answer'd thee in ' thunder deep * bi Si,ihe< 

With clouds encompass' d round ; 
I tri'd thee at the water steep 

Of Meriba renamtCd. 

8 Hear O my people, hearUn well, 

I lestifie to thee 
Thou antient flock ^Israel, 
If thou wilt list to mee, 

9 Through out the land of thy abode 

No ahen God shall be 
Nor shalt thou to a forein God 
In honour bend thy knee. 

10 I am the Lord thy God which brought 

Thee out of -^gypt land 
Ask large enough, atid I, besought. 
Will grant thy full demand. 

11 And yet my people would not hear^ 

Nor hearken to my voice ; 

And Israel whom I lov'd so dear 

Mislik'd me for his choice. 

12 Then did I leave them to their will 

And to their wandring mind ; 
Their own conceits they follow'd still 
Their own devises blind, 

13 O that my people would be wise 

To serve me all their dates, 

And O that Israel would advise 

To walk my righteous waies. 

14 Then would I soon bring down their foes 

That now so proudly rise. 
And turn my hand against all those 
That are their enemies. 

15 Who hate the Lord should then be fain 

To bow to him and bend, 
But they, His people, should remain. 
Their time should have no end. 

16 And he would feed theia from the shock 

With flower of finest wheat, 

And satisfie them from the rock 

With Honey for their Meat. 



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Tsalms Ixxxii, Ixxxiii. 



PSJL. LXXXII. 

I God in the * great * assembly stands ' Bagtadat 
Of Kings and hrdly Stati c 
Among the gods t on both his hands t^forro 
He judges and debates 
J How long will je * pervert the right " Tuh^httu 
With ■'judgment false and wrong e"ia>e. 

Favouring the wicked h jour might 
Wko thence grtm bold an I rlroHg? 

3 * Regard the * weak and latherle'^s " sujuiu-a 

* Dispatch the *poor mans cause 
And t raise the man in deep distress 

By tjust and equal Lawes i FfaUtHbi' 

4 Defend the poor and desolate, 

And rescue from the hands 

Of wicked men the low estate 

Of him that help demands 

5 They know not nor mil understand 

In darkness the> walk on, 
The Firths foundations all are *mo\ d ' jhimictu. 
And * out of order gon 

6 I said that ye were Gods jea all 

The bons of God mobt high 

7 But je shall die like men and fall 

As other Princes die 

8 Rise God * judge thou the earth tn might, 

This WKked earth * redresi * sMphia. 

For thou art he who shalt b> right 
The Nations all possess 



FSJL. LXXXIIL 

1 Be not thou silent no2U at length 
O God hold not thy peace, 
Sit not thou still O God of strength 
We cry and do not cease. 



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zSMiscellaneous Poems. 

2 For lo thy furious foes n<no * swell 

And 'storm outrageously, -jihsi^aj: 

And they that hate thee proud and fell 
Exalt their heads full hie. 

3 Against thy people they \ contrive '^jagnarii 

t Their Plots and Counsels deep, iSod. 

"Them to ensnare they chiefly strive " juhjagx 

* Whom thou dost hide and keep. ' Tseph^m 

4 Come let us ctit them off say they, 

Till they no Nation be 
That Israels name for ever may 
Be lost in memory. 

5 For they consult fwith all their might, ^ Lev jack 

And all as one in mind 
Themselves against thee they unite 
And in firm union bind. 

6 The tents of Edom, and the brood 

Of scornful Ishmael, 
Moab, with them of Hagars blood 

That tn the Dt-sart dtidl, 
1 Gehal and Ammon thert conspire. 

And hateful Am'ilet, 
The Philistims and thej of Tyre 

Whose bounds th„ Sta doth c/uck 

8 With them grtai Asshur also bands 

And doth confirm the knot, 
All these havc lent thur armed hand 
To aid the Sons of Lot 

9 Do to them as to Midian bold 

That wasted all the Coast. 
To Sisera, and as is told 

Thou didst to Jabins hoast. 
When at the broolc of Kishon old 
They were repulst and slain, 

10 At Endor quite cut off, and rowl'd 

As dung upon the plain. 

1 1 As Zeb and Oreb evi! sped 

So let their Princes speed 
As Zeha, and Zalmunna bled 
So let their Princes bleed, 
i2 For they amidst their pride have said 
By right now shall we seize 



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'Psalm Ixxxh. 

Gods houses, and wi/l now ttizade 

t Their btately Palaces 'rM^UEiokim 

13 My God, oh make them as a wheel 

No quiet let ihem find, £o 

Giddy and resfkss let them reel 
Like stubble from the wmd 

14 As when an aged wood takes fire 

Which on a sudden straits. 
The greedy flame runs hier and hicr 
Till all the mountains hlaze, 

15 So with thy whirlwind tl^em pursue. 

And with thy tempest chase, 

16 "And till they *>ield thee honour due, "^''ff^^f^^-^ 

Lord fill with shame then fate 

17 Asham'd and troubl'd let them be, 60 

Trouhl'd and sham'd for ever. 
Ever confounded, and so die 
With shame, and Soape tt nezer 

18 Then shall they know that thou who'-e name 

Jehova is alone, 
Art the most high, and thou the same 
O're all the earth a?t one 



PSJL. LXXXIF. 

1 How lovely are thy dwellings fair ! 

O Lord of Hoasts, how dear 
The pleasant Tabernacles are ! 
Where thou ddst dwell so near. 

2 My Soul doth long and almost die 

Thy Courts O Lord to see. 
My heart and flesh aloud do crie, 
O living God, for thee. 

3 There ev'n the Sparrow freed from wrong 

Hath found a house of rest, 
The Swallow there, to lay her young 

Hath built her brooding nest, 
Ev'n by thy Altars Lord of Hoasts 

They find their safe abode, 
And home they fly from round the Coasts 

Toward thee. My King, my God. 
(.»3) 



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<LMiscellaneous Voems. 

4 Happy, who in thy house reside 

Where thee they ever praise, 

5 Happy, whose strength in thee doth bide. 

And in their hearts thy waies. 

6 They pass through Baca's thirstie Vale, 

That dry and barren ground 
As through a fniitfull watry Dale 
Where Springs and Showrs abound, 

7 They journey on from strength to strength 

With joy and gladsom cheer 
Till all before our God at length 
In Sion do appear. 

8 Lord God of Hoasts hear now my praier 

O Jacobs God give ear, 

9 Thou God our shield look on the face 

Of thy anointed dear. 
io For one day m thy Courts to be 

lb better and n ore blest 
Then tn the jo\es of I'lm'iy, 

A thousand daies at best. 
I in the temple of my God 

Had rather keep a dore, 
Ihen dwell in Tents and rich abode 

\\ith Sin foi tietmote. 
II For God the Lord both Sun and Shield 

Gives grace and glory bright. 
No good from them shall be with-held 

Whose waies are just and right. 
\2 Lord God of Hoasts that raign'st on high, 

That man is truly blest 
Who only on thee doth relie. 

And in thee only rest. 



VSAL. Lxxxy. 



I Thy Land to favour graciously 
Thou hast not Lord been slack. 
Thou hast from hard Captivity 
Returned Jacob back. 

(.=4) 



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Tsalm Ixxx'V. 

2 Th' iniquity thou didst forgive 

That wrought thy people woe, 

And all their Sin, that did thee grieve 

Hast hid where none shall know. 

3 Thine anger all thou hadst remov'd, 

And calmly didst return lo 

From thy t fierce wrath which we had prov'd ■• ^^^;.J^1" 

Far worse then fire to burn, hextB/ih^ 

4 God of ou a ng health and peace, iwa/*. 

Tu n lis and u estore, 
Thine d gna o ause to cease 
Towa d s d lide no more. 

5 Wilt hou be ang ) without end, 

Fo e e a > bus 
Wilt 1 01] t y f o n ng ire extend 
From age to age on us ? 20 

6 Wilt thou not* turn, and hear our fi^K'tf ' Keb. ra^io 

And us again * revive, *"" 

That so thy people may rejoyce 
By thee preserv'd alive. 

7 Cause us to see thy goodness Lord, 

To us thy mercy shew 
Thy saving health to us afford 
And life in us renew. 

8 And now what God the Lord will speak 

I will go strait and hear, 30 

For to his people he speaks peace 

And to his Saints full dear, 
To his dear Saints he will speak peace, 

But let them never more 
Return to folly, but surcease 

To trespass as before, 

9 Surely to such as do him fear 

Salvation is at hand 
And glory shall ere long appear 

To dwell within our Land. 40 

10 Mercy and Truth that long were mtss'd 

'^ov joyfully are met 
Sweet Peace and Righteousness have kiss'd 
And hand in hand are set. 

1 1 Truth from the earth like to a flowr 

Shall bud and blossom then, 

(>0f) 



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(iJMiscellaneous "Poems. 

And Justice from her heavenly bowr 
Look donn m ?iicrtal nitn 

12 The Lord will also then bestow 

Whatever thmg is good 
Our Land ^hall forth in plentj throw 
Her fruits to be our pod 

13 Before him Righteousness bhill go 

His Royal Harbinger, 
Then * will he come, and not be slow ' 
His footsteps cannot err. 



PSAL. LXXXFI. 

1 Thy gracious ear, O Lord, encline, 

hear me I thee pray. 

For I am poor, and almost pine 
With need, and sad decay, 

2 Preserve my soul, fort I have trod +^^, 

Thy waies, and love the just, goL 

Save thou thy servant my God "**' 

Who still in thee doth trust. 

3 Pitty me Lord for daily thee 

1 call ; 4 make rejoyce 

Thy Servants Soul ; for Lord to thee 
1 lift my soul and voice, 

5 For thou art good, thou Lord art prone 

To pardon, thou to all 
Art full of mercy, thou alone 
To them that on thee call 

6 Unto my supplication Lord 

Give ear, and to the crie 

Of my incessant praiers afford 

Thy hearing graciously. 

7 I in the day of my distress 

WiU call on thee /o»- aid; 
For thou wilt grant me Jree access 
And answer, what I prafd. 

8 Like thee among the gods is none 

O Lord, nor any works 
(106) 



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'Psalm Ixxxvi. 

Of all that other Gods have done 
like to thy glorious works. 
9 The Nations all whom thou hast made 
Shall come, and all shall frame 
To bow them low before thee Lord, 
And glorifie thy name. 

10 For great thou art, and wonders great 

By thy strong hand are done, 
Thou in thy everlasting Seat 
Remainest God alone. 

11 Teach me O Lord thy way most right, 

I in thy truth will bide, 
To fear thy name my heart unite 
So shall it never slide. 

12 Thee will I praise O Lord my God 

Thee honour, arid adore 
With my whole heart, and blaze abroad 
Thy name for ever more. 

13 For great thy mercy is toward me. 

And thou hast free'd my Soul 
Eev'n from the lowest Hell set free 
From deepest darkness foul. 

14 God the proud against me rise 

And violent men are met 
To seek my life, and in their eyes 
No fear of thee have set. 

15 But thou Lord art the God most mild 

Readiest thy grace to shew. 

Slow to be angry, and art stiVd 

Most merciful], most true. 

16 O turn to me thy face at length. 

And me have mercy on. 
Unto thy servant give thy strength, 
And save thy hand-maids Son. 

17 Some sign of good to me afford, 

And let my foes then see 
And be asham'd, because thou Lord 
Do'st help and comfort me. 



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^L^iscellaneous Toems. 



PSJL. Lxxxvn. 

1 Among the holy Mountains high 

Is his foundation fast, 
There Seated in his Sanctuary, 
His Temple there is plac't. 

2 Sions fair Gates the Lord loves more 

Then all the dwellings faire 
Of Jacobs Zand, though there be store. 
And alt within his care. 

3 City of God, most glorious things 

Of thee abroad are spoke ; 

4 I mention Egypt, where proud Kings 

Did our forefathers yoke, 
I mention Babel to my friends, 

Philistia full of scorn. 
And Tyre with Ethiops utmost ends, 

Lo this man there was born : 

5 But twise that praise shall in our ear 

Be said of Sion last 
This and this man was bom in her, 
High God shall fix her fast, 

6 The Lord shall write it in a Scrowle 

That ne're shall be out-worn 

When he the Nations doth enrowle 

That this man there was bom. 

7 Both they who sing, and they who dance 

With sacred Songs are there, 
In thee fresh brooks, and soft streams glana 
And all my fountains clear. 



PSJL. LXXXFIII. 

[ Lord God that dost me save and k 

AU day to thee I cry ; 
And all night long, before thee weep 

Before thee prostrate lie. 
(,08) 



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Tsalm /xxxviii. 

2 Into thy presence let my praier 

IViik sighs deuout ascend 
And to my cries, that ceaseless are, 
Thine ear with favour bend. 

3 For cloy'd with woes and trouble store 

Surcharg'd my Soul doth lie, 

My life at deaih's uncherful dore 

Unto the grave draws nigh, 

4 Reck'n'd I am with them that pass 

Down to the dismal pit 
I am a * man, but weak alas * Heb. . 

And for that name unfit, S„ 

5 From life discharg'd and parted quite 

Among the dead to sleep, 
And like the slain in bloody fight 

That in the grave lie deep. 
Whom thou_ rememberest no more. 

Dost never more regard, 
Them from thy hand deliver'd o're 

Deaths hideous house hath darted. 

6 Thou in the lowest pit profound 

Hast set me all forlorn, 
Wheie thickest darkness hewers round. 
In horrid deeps to mourn. 

7 Thy wrath from which no shelter saves 

Full sore doth press on me; 
* Thou break'st upon me all thy waves, " ^* 
* And all thy waves break me. 

8 Thou dost my friends from me estrange. 

And mak'st me odious. 
Me to them odious, /or they change. 
And I here pent up thus, 

9 Through sorrow, and affliction great 

Mine eye grows dim and dead, 
Lord al! the day I thee entreat. 
My hands to thee I spread. 

10 Wilt thou do wonders on the dead, 

Shall the deceas'd arise 
And praise thee from their loathsom bed 
With pale atid hollow eyes? 

11 Shall they thy loving kindness tell 

On whom the grave hath hold. 



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^Miscellaneous "Poems. 

thej / n p d'fo d U 
Th a hfdne s / dl 

12 In da k es ca hy m ghty }a d 

O wond ous a be k ovn 
Thy ju e n he ^& ^ land 
Oi d k oh\ n ? 

13 Bu I o h O Lo d do ry 

E y y f b pn 
And /> o / ny -pne d k h 
Eh on and hep n 

14 Why w 1 hou I o d n oul fo ak 

And h de hy fa f o n 

15 Tha n I ady bu d a d hake h 

h e o f om 1 e 

Bruz'd, and afflicted and so low 

As ready to expire, 
While I thy terrors undergo 
Astonish'd with thine ire. 
i6 Thy fierce wrath over me doth flow 
Thy threatnings cut me through. 

17 All day they round about me go, 

Like waves they tne persue. 

18 Lover and friend thou hast remov'd 

And sever'd from nie far. 
They fiy me ncnv whom I have lov'd, 
And as in darkness are. 



Finis. 



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Tassages from Prose Writings. 



A COLLECTION OF PASSAGES TRANS- 
LATED IN THE PROSE WRITINGS. 



[From Of Reformation in England, 1641.] 

Ah Constantine, of how much ill was cause 
Not thy Conversion, but those rich demains 
That the first wealthy Pope receiv'd of thee. 

Dante, Inf. x[x 



Founded in chast and humble Poverty, 
'Gainst them that^rais'd thee dost thou lift thy horn, 
Impudent whoore, where hast thou plac'd thy hope? 
In thy Adulterers, or thy ill got wealth? 
Another Constantine comes not in hast. 

Petrarca, Son. io3. 



And to be short, at last his guid him brings 
Into a goodly valley, where he sees 
A mighty mass of things strangely confus'd 
Things that on earth were lost or were abus'd. 



Then past he to a flowry Mountain green. 
Which once smelt sweet, now stinks as odiously; 
This was that gift (if you the truth will have) 
That Constantine to good Sylvestro gave. 

Arjosto, (M. Fur. xxxiv. 



[From Reason of Church Government, 1641.] 
When I die, let the Earth be roul'd in flames. 



(...) 



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^iJMiscellaneous Voems. 

[From Apology for Smectymjinus, 1642.] 

Laughing to teach the truth 
What hinders? as some teachers give to Boys 
Junkets and knacks, that they may learne apace. 



Jesting decides great things 
ngher, and better oft than earnest < 



Strong! 



'Tis you that say it, not I : you do the deeds 
And your ungodly deeds find me the words. 

Sophocles, Etec. 624. 

[From Areopagitica, 1644.] 

This is true Liberty, when free-bom Men, 
Having to advise the Pubhc, may speak free, 
Which he who can, and wiH, deserv's high praise; 
Who neither can nor will, may hold his peace, 
What can be juster in a state then this? 

EuKiPiDEs, Supp, 438. 

[From Tetrachordon, 1645.] 

Whom do we count a good man, whom but he 
Who keeps the laws and statutes of the Senate, 
Who judges in great suits and controversies, 
Whose witness and opinion wins the cause? 
But his own house, and the whole neighbourhood 
See his foul inside through his whited skin. 

Horace, Ep. i, 16. 40. 

[From The Tenure of Kings and Magistrates, 1649.] 

There can be slaine 
No sacrifice to God more acceptable 
Than an unjust and wicked king. 

Seneca, Hire. Fur. gaa, 

(...) 



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Collection of 'Passages. 



[From History of Britain, 1670.] 

IS thus addresses Diana i« the country of Leogecia. 

i of Shades, and Huntress, who at will 
Walk'st on the rowling Sphear, and through the deep, 
On thy third Reign the Earth look now, and tell 
What Land, what Seat of rest thou bidst me seek, 
What certain Seat, where I may worship thee 
For aye, with Temples vow'd, and Viigin quires. 

To iviiom sleeping before the altar, Diana m a Vision that nighl thus 

Brut^ fer to the West, in th' Ocean wide 
Beyond the Realm of Gaut, a Land there lies, 
Sea-girt it lies, where Giants dwelt of old. 
Now void, it fits thy People ; thether bend 
Thy course, there shall thou find a lasting seat. 
There to thy Sons another Troy shall rise, 
And Kings be born of thee, whose dredded might 
Shall aw the World, and conquer Nations bold. 



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Joannis Miltoni 

LONDINENSIS 

POEMATA. 

Quorum pleraque- intra 

Annum xtatis Vigcfimum 
Conf'cripfit. 

4\^K«c fr'mum Sdita, 




LONDIHI, 

Typls K. R. Proftant ad Inlignia Principis, 

in CcEUietCrio D. Fault, apud Humfhredum 

MoJiUj. I ^ 4 S- 



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byGoot^le 



H«c quje sequuntur de \uthore teshmonia, tamelfi ipse 
mtelligebat non tam de «e quim supra se esse dicta, eo quod 
pr^claro mgenio mfi, nee non imici ita fere sclent laudare, ut 
omnia suis potms virtutibus, quam \entati congruentia nimis 
cupide iffingant, noluit tamen horum egregiam in se voluntatem 
non esse notam , Cum alii prsesertim ut id faceiet magnopere 
suaderent Dum enim nimife laudis invidiam totis ab se vinbus 
amolitur, sibique quod plus ■equo est non ittributum esse ma^ ult, 
judicium mterim hommum cordatorum atque illustnum qum 
summo sibi honon ducat negare non potest 



Joannes Baptista Mansusy Marchto Filknsis 

Neapolitanuj ad Joannem IVIiltQjiium 

jinghm. 

Ut mens, forma, decor, fades, mos, si pietas sic, 
Non Anglus, verim hercle Angelus ipse fores. 



Ad Joannem Miltonem Anglum tripHci poeseos 

laurel coronandum Grsc^ nimirum^ Latina, 

atque Hetrusc^, Epigramma Joannis 

SalsilH ^omavi. 

Cede Meles, cedat depressa Mincius urna ; 

Sebetus Tassum desinat usque loqui ; 
At Thamesis victor cunctis ferat altior undas 

Nam per te Milto par tribus unus erit. 



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<dMisceUaneous "Poems. 



Ad Joanrtem Miltonum. 

Gr^cia Mjeonidem, jactet sibi Roma Maronem, 
Anglia Miltonum jactat ucriqiie parem. 



Jl Signor Gio. Miltoni Nobik Inglese. 
ODE. 

Ergimi ail' Etra i> Clio 

Perche di sielle intreccierh corona 

Non piii. del Blondo Dio 

La Fronde etema in Pindo, e in Elicona, 

Diensi a merto ma^ior, maggiori i fregi, 

A' celeste virth celesfi pregi. 

Non puo del tempo edace 

Rimaner preda, eterno alto valore 

Non puo r oblio rapace 

Furar dalle tmmoris ecceho onore, 

Su P arco di mia ceira un dardo forte 

Viri^ m' adaftt, e ferirb la morte. 

Del Ocean profondo 

Cinia dagli ampi gorgki AngUa Hsiede 

Separata dal mondo, 

Perh eke il suo valor I' umano eccede: 

Questa feconda ta produrre Eroi, 

CU hanno a ragicn del sffvruman tra not. 

Alia virtii sbandita 
Danno ne i petti lor fido ricetto, 
Quella gli i sol gradita, 
Perche in lei son trovar gioia, e diletio ; 
Ridillo tu Giovanni e mostra in tanto 
Con tua vera virtii, vero il mio Canto. 
(l.S) 



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Ode. 

Zungi dal Patrio lido 

Spinse Zeusi t indusfre ardenie brama ; 

Ch' udio d' Helena il grido 

Con aurta iromba rimbombar la fama, 

E per poterla effigiare al paro 

Dalle pm bflk Idee Irasse U priii raro. 

Cost r Ape Ingegnosa 

Trae con indusirta il suo liquor pregiafa 

^I'l gigl'" ^ dalla rosa, 

E quanti vaghi fiori ornano il prato ; 

Formano un doles suon diverse Chords, 

Fan varie voct melodia wncorde. 

Di bella gloria amante 

Milton dal Ctel naiio per varie parti 

Le peregrine piante 

Volgesti a ricercar scienze, ed arti ; 

Del Gallo regnator vedesti i Regni, 

E delP Italia ancor gP Eroi piu degni. 

Fabro quasi divino 

Sol virtit riniracciando il tuo pemiero 

Vide in ogni confino 

Chi di nobil valor calca il sentiero ; 

D otiitno dal miglior dopo seegliea 

Per fabbri£ar d' ogni virtu f Idea. 

Quanti nacquero in Flora 
O in lei del parlar Tosco appreset I' arte. 
La Oil memoria onora 
II moiido fatta etema in dotte carte, 
Volesii ricercar per tuo tesoro, 
E parlasH eon lor nelP opre loro. 

NelV altera Babelle 
Per te il parlar confuse Giove in vano, 
Che per varie favelle 
Di se stessa trofeo cadde su' I piano: 
CM Ode oltr' all AngUa il suo piu degno Idioma 
Spagna, Francia, Toscana, e Grecia e Roma. 
(■■9) 



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^^Miscellaneous Toems. 

I piu profondi arcani 

CK occulta la nafura e in cieh e in terra 
Ck' a Ingegni sovrumani 
Troppo avara taP hffr gU chiude, e serra, 
Chiaramente conosci, e giungi al fine 
Delia moral viriude al gran confine. 

Non batta il Tempo C ale, 

Fermisi immoto, e in un firminst gP anni, 

Che di virtH immortale 

Scorran di troppo tngiuriosi a i danni ; jo 

Che y opre degne di Poema o storia 

Furon gia, P hai present! alia memoria. 

Dammi tua dolce Cetra 

Se vuoi ch' io dica del tuo dolce canto, 

Ck' inahandoti alF Etra 

Di farti huomo celeste ottiene il vanto, 

II Tamigi il dirk che gP i consesso 
Per te sua ctgno pareggiar Permesso. 

Io che in riva del Arno 

Tento spiegar tuo merto alio, e preclaro 80 

So che fatico tndarno, 

E ad ammirar, non a lodarlo imparo ; 

Freno dunque la lingua, e ascolto il core 

Che ti prende a lodar con Io stupore. 

Del sig. Antonio Francini gentiihuomo Fiorentino. 



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Joanni <iJMiltoni hondiniensi. 

yo^NNI zMILTOm 
LONDINIENSI. 



Juveni Pitrn \ rtut bus eximio, 

ViRo qui multa peregrinatione, studio cunda orbis tsrrarum 
loca perspexit, ut novus Ufysses omnia ubique ab omnibus afpre- 
henderet. 

Polyglotto tn cujus ore lingua, jam deperditm sic rsDiviscuni, 
ut idiomata omnia stnt in ejus laudibus infaeunda ; Et jure ea 
percallet ut admtrationes &' plausus populorum ab propria sapientia 
exdtatos, tntelhgat 

nii, CUJUS animt dotes corporisque, sensus ad admirationem 
commment, &• per ipsam motum cuique auferunt; cujus opera ad 
plausus korlantur, sed vaslitate ' vocem laudatorihts adimunt. 

Cut in Memoria totus Orbis : In intellectu Sapientia.- in 
voluntate ardor gloria ; in ore Eloquentta : Harmonicos celesHum 
Sphararum sonitus Astronomia Duce audienti ; Characteres 
mirabilium nature per quos Dei magnitudo descrUiitur magistra 
PMJost^Ma legenii; Antiquitatum latebras, vetustatis excidia, 
erudifionis ambages comite assidua autorum Ledione. 
Exquirenti, restauranti, percurrenti. 
At cur nitor in arduum ? 

Illi in cujus virtutibus evulgandis ora Fama non suffidant, nee 
hominum stupor in laudandis satis est, Revereniia &= amoris ergo 
hoc ejus meritis debitum admirationis tributum offert Carolus Datus 
PaMcius Florentinus. 

Tanto komini servus, tantce vtrtuHs amator. 



stitflte] vcDUslate i^"]}. 



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zj^discellaneous Toems. 



ELEGIARUM 

Liber Primus. 

Elegia prima ad Carolum Diodatum. 

Tandem, chare, ture mihi pervenere tabellte, 

Pertulit & voces nuntia charta tuas, 
PertuHt occidujt Devte Cestrensis ab ora 

Vergivium prono qui petit amne salum, 
Multdm crede juvat terras aluisse remotas 

Pectus amans nostri, tamque fidele caput, 
Quodque mihi lepidum tellus longinqua sodalera 

Debet, at unde brevi reddere jussa velit. 
Me tenet urbs refiuft quam Thamesis alluit undS, 

Meqiie nee invitum palria dulcis habet. 
Jam nee arundiferum mihi cura revisere Camum, 

Nee dudum vetiti me laris angit amor. 
Nuda nee arva placent, umbrasque negantia molles, 

Quam male Phcebicohs convenit ille locus i 
Nee duri libet usque minas perferre magistri 

Cieteraque ingenio non subeunda raeo. 
Si sit hoc exilium patrios adiisse penates, 

Et vacuum curis otia grata sequi, 
Non ego vel profugi nomen, sortemve recuso, 

Lsetus & exilii conditione fruor. 
O utinam vates nunquam graviora tulisset 

Ille Tomitano flebilis exul agro ; 
Non tunc Jonio quicquam cessisset Homero 

Neve foret victo laus tibi prima Maro. 
Tempora nam licet htc placidis dare libera Musis, 

Et totum rapiunt me mea vita libri. 
Excipit hinc fessum sinuosi pompa theatri, 

Et vocat ad plausus garrula scena suos. 

(...) 



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Elegia Trima. 



Seu catus auditur senior, seu prodigus hseres, 

Seu procus, aut posits casside miles adest, 
Sive decennali fcecundus lite patronus 

Detonat inculto barbara verba foro, 
Ssepe vafer gnato succurrit servus amanti, 

Et nasum rigidJ fallit ubique Patris ; 
Sfepe novos illic virgo mirata calores 

Quid sit amor nescit, dum quoque nescit, amat. 
Sive cnientatum furiosa Tragcedia sceptnim 

Quassat, & effijsis crinibus ora rotat, 
Et dolet, & specto, juvat & spectasse dolendo, 

Interdum & lacrymis dulcis amaror inest : 
Seu puer infelix indelibata reliquit 

Gaudia, & abmpto flendus amore cadit, 
Seu ferus fe tenebris iterat Styga criminis uitor 

Conscia funereo pectora torre movens, 
Seu mseret PelopeJa domus, feu nobilis Hi, 

Aut luit incestos aula Creontis avos. 
Sed neque sub tecto semper nee in urbe latemus, 

Irrita nee nobis tenipora veris eunt. 
Nos quoque lucus habet vicing consitus iilmo 

Atque suburbani nobilis umbra loci. 
Sfepius hie blandas spirantia sydera flamnias 

Virgineos videas prteteriisse choros. 
Ah quoties dignse stupui miracula fomiEe 

QuEe possit senium vel reparare Jovis ; 
Ah quoties vidi supetantia lumina gemmas, 

Atque faces quotquot volvit uterque polus; 
Collaque bis vivi Pelopis quffi brachia vincant, 

QuEeque fluit puro nectare tincta via, 
Et decus eximium frontis, tremulosque capillos, 

Aurea quje fallax retia tendit Amor, 
Pellacesque genas, ad quas hyacinthina sordet 

Purpura, & ipse tui floris, Adoni, rubor. 
Cedite laudatse toties Heroides olini, 

Et quEecunque vagum cepit arnica Jovem, 
Cedite Acheemenije turrit^ fronte puellfe, 

Et quot Susa colunt, Memnoniamque Ninon. 
Vos etiam Danase fasces submittite Nymphse, 

Et vos Iliacse, Romu!e£eque nurus. 
Nee Pompeianas Tarpcia IVIusa columnas 

Jactet, & Ausoniis plena theatra stolis. 

("3) 



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zJMiscellaneous Toems. 

Gloria Viiginibus debetur prima Britannis, 

Extern sat tibi sit fcemina posse sequi. 
Tuque urbs Dardaniis Londinum structa colonis 

Turrigerum lat^ conspicienda caput, 
Tu nimium felix intra tua mcenia claudis 

Quicquid formosi pendulus orbis habet. 
Non tibi tot c^lo scintillant astra sereno 

Endymionefe turba ministra defe, 
Quot tibi conspicuK formaque aur6que puellfe 

Per medias radiant turba videnda vias. 
Creditur hue geminis venisse invecta columbis 

Alma pharetrigero milite cincta Venus, 
Huic Cnidon, & riguas Simoentis flumitie valles, 

Huic Paphon, & roseam posthabitura Cypron. 
Ast ego, dum puert sinit indulgentia cfeci, 

Mcenia quam subiti linquere fausta pare ; 
Et vitare procul malefids infatnia Circes 

Atria, divini Molyos usus ope. 
Stat quoque juncosas Cami remeare paludes, 

Atque itenim raucEe murmur adire Scholte. 
Interea fidi parvura cape munus amici, 

Paucaqiie in alternos verba coacta modos. 



Elegia secunda. Anno ietatis 17. 
In obitum Prteconis Acadsmici Cantabrinensis. 

Te, qui conspicuus baculo fulgente solebas 

Palladium toties ore ciere gregem, 
Ultima prjeconum prjeconem te quoque sieva 

Mors rapit, officio nee favet ipsa suo. 
Candidiora licet fuerint tibi tempora plumis 

Sub quibus accipimus delituisse Jovem, 
O dignus tameti Hfemonio juvenescere succo, 

Digtius in ^sonios vivere posse dies, 
Dignus quem Stygiis medica revoearet ab undis 

Arte Coronides, siepe rogante dea. 
Tu si jussus eras acies aeeire togatas, 

Et celer \ Phoebo nuntius ire tuo. 
Talis in Iliac^ stabat Cyllenius aula 

Alipes, Eethere^ missus ab arce Patris. 

("4) 



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Elegia Tertia. 



Talis & Eurybates ante ora furentis Achillei 

Rettulit AtridK jussa severa ducis. 
Magna sepulchrorum regina, satelles Averni 

Sseva nimis Musis, Palladi sava nitnis, 
Quin illos rapias qui pondus inutile terrEe, 

Turba quidem est telis ista petenda tuis. 
Vestibus hunc igitur pullis Academia luge, 

Et madeant lachrymis nigra feretra tuis, 
Fundat & ipsa modos querebunda Elegeia tristes, 

Personet & totis nsenia mcesta scholis. 



Elegia tenia, Anno ietatis 17. 
In obitum Prtesulis IVintoniensis. 

M(ESTUS- eraiBL & tacitus nuUo comitante sedebam, 

HEerebant<jfei,toimo tristia plura meo, 
Protinus en subiit funestse cladis Imago 

Fecit in Angliaco quam Libitina solo ; 
Dum procefum ingressa est splendentes marmore turres 

Dira sepulchrali mors metuenda face; 
Pulsavitque auro gravidos & jaspide muros, 

Nee metuit satrapum stemere falce greges. 
Tunc memini clarique ducis, fratrisque verendi 

Intempestivis ossa cremata rogis. k 

Et memini Heroum quos vidit ad jethera vaptos, 

Flevit & amissos Belgia tota duces. 
At le prtecipub luxi dignissime prsesul, 

Wintoniseque olim gloria magna tute ; 
Delicui fletu, & tristi sic ore querebar, 

Mors fera Tartareo diva secunda Jovi, 
Nonne satis quod sylva tuas persentiat iras, 

Et quod in herbosos jus tibi detur agros, 
Quodque afflata tuo marcescant lilia tabo, 

El crocus, & pulchrEB Cypridi sacra rosa, ic 

Nee sinis ut semper fluvio contermina quercus 

Miretur lapsus prtetereuntis aquEe? 
Et tibi succumbit liquido qufe plurima ccelo 

Evehitur pennis quamlibet augur avis, 
Et quffi mille nigris errant animalia sylvis, 

Et quod alunt mutum Proteos antra pecus. 



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^Miscellaneous "Poems. 

Invida, tanta tibi cum sit concessa poteslas. 

Quid juvat hutnan§. tingere csede manus? 
Nobileque in pectus certas acuisse sagittas, 

Semideamque animaro sede fugasse su4? 
Talia dum lacrymans alto sub pectore volvo, 

Roscidus occiduis Hesperus exit aqiiis, 
Et Tartessiaco submerserat fequore currum 

Phcebus, ab eoo littore mensus iter. 
Nee mora, membra cavo posui refovenda cubili, 

Condiderant oculos noxque soporque meos. 
Cum mihi visus eram lato spatiarier agro, 

Heu nequit ingenium visa referre meura. 
lUic puniceS. radiabant omnia luce, 

Ut matutino cum juga sole rubeiit. 
Ac veluti cum pandit opes Thaumaiitia proles, 

Vestito nituit multicolore solum. 
Non dea tam variis ornavit fioribus hortos 

Alcinoi, Zephyro Chloris amata levi. 
Flumina vernantes lambunt argentea campos, 

Ditior Hesperio flaveC arena Tago. 
Serpit odoriferas per opes levis aura Favoni, 

Aura sub innumeris humida nata rosis. 
Talis in extremis terrte Gangetidis oris 

Luciferi regis fingitur esse domus. 
Ipse racemiferis dum densas vitibus umbras 

Et pellucentes miror ubique locos, 
Ecce mihi subito prtesul Wintonius astat, 

Sydereura nitido fiilsit in ore jubar; 
Vestis ad auraCos defluxit Candida talos, 

Infula divinura cinxerat alba caput. 
Dumque seiiex tali incedit venerandus amictu, 

Intremuit Iteto florea terra sono. 
Agmina gemmalis plaudunt cselestia pennis, 

Pura triumphali personat Kthra tubS,. 
Quisque novum amplexu comitem cantuque salutat, 

Hosque aliquis pladdo misit ab ore sonos; 
Nate vend, & patrii felix cape gaudia regni, 

Semper ab hinc duro, nate, labore vaca. 
Dixit, & aligerse tetigerunt nablia turms, 

At mihi cum tenebris aurea pulsa quies. 
Flebam turbatos Cephaleiit peDice somnos, 

Talia contingant somnia ssepe mihi. 



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Elegia §iuarta. 



Elegia quarta. Anno statis i8. 

jid Thomam Junium prteceptorem suum apud 

mercatnres Angiicos Hamhurm agcntes 

Pastoris mtinere fungentem. 

CuRRE per immensuiTi subitb mea littera poiitura, 

I, pete Teutonicos iKve per tequor agros, 
Segties rumpe moras, & nil, precor, obstet eunti, 

Et festinantis nil remoretur iter. 
Ipse ego Sicanio frsenantem carcere ventos 

^olon, & virides soUicitabo Deos ; 
Cperuleamque suis comitatam Dorida Nyniphis, 

Ut tibi dent placidam per sua regna viam. 
At tu, si poteris, celeres tibi sume jugales, 

Vecta quibus Colchis fugit ab ore viri. 
Aut queis Triptolemus Scythicas devenit in oras 

Gratus EleusinS, missus ab urbe puer. 
Atque ubi Germanas flavere videbis arenas 

Ditis ad Hamburgje mcenia fiecte gradum, 
Dicitur occiso qute ducere nomen ab Hami, 

Cimbrica quern fertur clava dedisse neci. 
Vivit ibi antiquse clarus pielatJs honore 

Prsesul Christicoks pascere doctus oves; 
lUe quidem est animse plusquam pars altera nostrEe, 

Uimidio vitfe vivere cogor ego. 
Hei mihi quot pelagi, quot montes interject! 

Me faciunt alia parte carere mei 1 
Charior ille mthi quam tu doctissirae Graium 

Cliniadi, pronepos qui Telamonis erat. 
Quamque Stagirites generoso magnus alumno. 

Quern peperit Libyco Chaonis alma Jovi. 
Qualis Amyntorides, qualis Philyreius Heros 

Myrmidonum regi, talis & ille mihL 
Primus ego Aonios illo pr^eunte recessus 

Lustrabam, & bifidi sacra vireta jugi, ; 

Pietiosque hausi latices, Ciioque favente, 

Castalio sparsi Ista ter ora mero. 



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^Miscellaneous Toems. 

Flanimeus at signum ter viderat arietis ^thon 

Induxitque auro knea terga novo, 
Bisque novo terram sparsisti Chlori senilem 

Gramine, bisque tuas abstulit Auster opes : 
Necdum ejus licuit mihi luraina pascere vultu, 

Aut linguse dulces aure bibisse sonos. 
Vade igitur, cursuque Eurum pneverte sonorum, 

Qu&m sit opus monitis res docet, ipsa vides. 4c 

Invenies dulci cum conjuge forte sedentem, 

Mulcentem gremio pignora chara suo, 
ForsJtan aut vetemm prselarga volumina patrum 

Versantein, aut veri biblia sacra Dei. 
Caalestive animas saturantem rore teneilaSj 

Grande salutiferse religionis opus. 
Utque solet, multam, sit dicere cura salutem, 

Dicere quam decuit, si modo adesset, henim. 
Hffic quoque paulum oculos in liumum defixa modestos, 

Verba verecundo sis memor ore loqui : 50 

Hjec tibi, si teneris vacat inter pr^lia Musis 

Mittit ab Angliaco lictore fida maous. 
Accipe sinceram, quamvis sit sera, salutem ; 

Fiat & hoc ipso gratior ilia tibi. 
Sera quidem, sed vera fuit, quam casta recepit 

Icaris a lento Penelopeia viro. 
Ast ego quid volui manifestum tollere crimen, 

Ipse quod ex omni parte levare nequit. 
Arguitur tardus meritb, noxamque fatetur, 

Et pudet officium deseruisse suum. 6c 

Tu modb da veniam fasso, veniamque roganli, 

Crimina diminui, qute patuere, solent. 
Not! ferus in pavidos rictus diducit hiantes, 

Vulnifico pronos nee rapit uague leo, 
Sfepe sarissiferi crudelia pectora Thracis 

Supplicis ad mcestas delicuere preces. 
ExtensEeque manus avertunt fulminis ictus, 

Placat & iratos hostia parva Decs. 
Jamque diu scripsisse tibi fuit impetus ilii, 

Neve moras ultra ducere passus Amor. 7c 

Nam vaga Fama refert, lieu nunlia vera malorum ! 

In tibi flnitirais bella tumere locis. 
Teque tuamque urbem truculento milite cingi, 

Et jam Sasonicos arma parasse duces. 



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Elegiarum §iu/irta. 

Te circutn latfe campos populatur Enyo, 

Et sata carne virurei jam cruor arva rigat. 
Germanisque suum concessit Thracia Mart em, 

lUuc Odrysios Mars pater egit equos. 
Perpetudque comans jam deflorescit oliva, 

Fugit & ferisonam Diva perosa tubam, 
Fugit io terris, & jam non ultima virgo 

Creditur ad superas justa volasse domos. 
Te tamen intere^ belli circumsonat horror, 

Vivis & ignoto solus indpsque solo ; 
Et, tibi quam patrii non exbibuere penates 

Sede peregrini qu^s egenus opem. 
Patria dura parens, & saxis sfevior albis 

Spumea qufe pulsat littoris unda tui, 
Siccine te decet innocuos exponere fetus; 

Siccine in externam ferrea cogis humum, 
Et sinis ut terris qujerant alimenta remotis 

Quos tibi prospiciens miserat ipse Deus, 
Et qui Iseta ferunt de oelo nuntia, quique 

QuEe via post cineres ducat ad astra, docent ? 
Digna quidem Stygjis quie vivas clausa tenebris, 

^temSque animje digna perire fame ! 
Haud aliter vates terrse Thesbitidis olim 

Pressit inassueto devia tesqua pede, 
Desertasque Arabum salebras, dum regis Achabi 

Effugit atque tuas, Sidoni dira, manus. 
Talis & horrisono laceratus membra flagellOj 

Paulus ab ^mathift pellitur urbe Cilix, 
PiscosKque ipsum Gergessie civis Jesum 

Finibus ingratus jussit abire suis. 
At tu sume animos, nee spes cadat anxia curis 

Nee tua concutiat decolor ossa metus. 
Sis etenim quamvis fulgentibus obsitus armis, 

Intententque tibi millia tela necem, 
At nullis vel inerme latus violabitur armis, 

Deque tuo cuspis nulla cruore bibet. 
Namque eris ipse Dei radiante sub £egide tutus, 

Ille tibi custos, & pugil ille tibi ; 
lUe SionEese qui tot sub mcenibus arcis 

Assyrios fiidit nocte silente viros; 
Inque fugam vertit quos in Saraaritidas oras 

Misit ab antiquis prisca Damascus agris, 



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<JMisceIlaneous Toems. 

T V den p d e e oho e 

■F e dum uo 1 uc la a o 

Con ea p 1 e eun duo e b a un la a [ n 

Currus eno an dum qua u hu un 

A d u jue h nn u e uo n ad bell en lin 

E ep u fe mu u aque lav n 
E u (quod upe e ne )peae eeo 

E ua n gnan no pe o e n e ala 
Ne dub s qu ndoqu f u n el o bu an s 

\ jue e un p os posse de e la es 



Elegia quiiitaj Anno tetatis 20. 

In adventum veris. 

In se perpetuo Tempus revolubile gyro 

y\m revocit Zephjros vera tepetite novos 
Induiturque bevem Telius icparata jmentam, 

Jamque soluta gelu duke virescit humus 
Fallor ? -va ic nobis redeunt in cirmina vires, 

Ingeniumque mihi munere veris adest? 
Munere veris adest, iterumque vigescit ab illo 

(Quis putet) atque aliquod jam sibi po'^ut opus 
Cabtalis ante oculos, bilidumque cacumen obernt, 

Et mihi Pjrenen somnia nocte ferunt 
Concitaque arcano fervent mihi pectora motu, 

Et furor, &. sonttus me sacer intus a^it 
Delius ipse venit, video Peneide lauro 

Implicitos cnnes, Delius ipse \enit 
Jam mibi mens liquidi raptatur in "irdua cceb, 

Perque \agas nubes corpoie liber eo 
Perque umbras, perque antra feroi penetralia vatum, 

Et mihi fana patent mteiiora Deum 
Intuiturque animus toto quid agatur OI)nipo, 

Nee fu^mnt oculos Tartara c^ca meos 
Quid tarn grande sonat distento spiritus ore' 

Quid pant hcec rabies, quid sacer iste furor? 
Ver mihi, quod dedit ingenium, cantabitur illo ; 

Profuerint is to reddita dona mo do. 

(>3«) 



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Elegia ^^nta. 



Jam Philomela tuos foliis adoperta novellis 

Instituis modulos, dum silet omne nemus. 
Urbe ego, tu sylvji simul incipiamus utrique, 

Et simul adventum veris u Jerque canat. 
Veris io rediere vices, celebremus honores 

Veris, & hoc subeat Musa quotannis opus. 
Jam sol j^thiopas fugiens Tithoniaque arva, 

Flectit ad ArctiJas aurea lora plagas. 
Est breve noctis iter, brevis est mora nocEis opacse 

Horrida cum tenebris exuiat ilia suis. 
Jamque Lycaonius plaustrum ceeleste Bootes 

Non longa sequitur fessus ut ante viS, 
Nunc etiam solitas circum Jovis atria toto 

Excubias agitant sydera rata polo. 
Nam dolus & cEedes, & vis cum nocte recessit. 

Neve Giganteum Dii timuere scelus. 
Forte aliquis scopuli recubans in vertice pastor, 

Roscida cum primo sole rebescit humus, 
Hac, ait, hac certe caruisti nocte puelUl 

Phcebe tu^, celeres quse retineret equos. 
Leeta suas repetit sylvas, pharetramque resumit 

Cynthia, Luciferas ut videt aJta rotas, 
Et tenues ponens radios gaudere videtur 

Officium iieri tarn breve fratris ope. 
Desere, Phcebus ait, thalamos Aurora seniles. 

Quid juvat effceto procubuisse toro ? 
Te manet bolides viridi venator in herba, 

Surge, tuos ignes altus Hymettus habet. 
Flava verecundo dea crimen in ore fatetur, 

Et matutinos ocyus uiget equos. 
Exuit invisam Telius rediviva senectam, 

Et cupit amplexus Phcebe subire tuos ; 
Et cupit, & digna est, quid enim formosius ilia. 

Pandit ut omniferos luxuriosa sinus, 
Atque Arabum spiral messes, & ab ore venusto 

Mitia cum Paphiis fundit amoma rosis. 
Ecce coronatur sacro frons ardua luco, 

Cingit ut Idseam pinea turris Opim; 
Et vario madidos intexit fiore capilios, 

Floribus & visa est posse placere suis. 

30 quotannis] pcreiinis i6-;} 

(.3.) 



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zJMiscellaneous Toems. 

Floribus effusos ut erat redimita capillos 

Tffinario placuit diva Sicana Deo. 
Aspice Phcebe tibi faciles hortantur amores, 

Mellitasque movent flamina verna preces. 
Cinnamea Zephyrus leve plaudit odorifer ala, 

Blanditiasque tibi ferre videntur aves. 
Nee sine dote tuos temeiaria quEerit amores 

Terra, nee optatos poscit egena toros, 
Alma salutiferum medicos tibi gramen in usus 

Prsebet, & hinc titulos adjuvat ipsa tuos. 
Qubd si te pretmm, si te fulgentia tangunt 

Munera, {muneribus stepe -coemptus Amor) 
Ilia tibi ostentat quascunque sub ^quore vasto, 

Et superinjectis montibus abdit opes. 
Ah quoties cum tu clivoso fessus Olympo 

In vespertinas prjecipitaris aquas, 
Cur te, inquit, cursu languentem Phrebe diurno 

Hesperiis recipit Cterula mater aquis ? 
Quid tibi cum Tethy ? Quid cum Tartesside lympha, 

Dia quid immundo perluis ora salo ? 
Frigora Phcebe me^ melius captabis in umbra. 

Hue ades, ardentes imbue rore comas. 
MoUior egelida. veniet tibi somnus in herb^. 

Hue ades, & gremio lumina pone meo. 
Quaque jaces circum mulcebit lene susurrans 

Aura per humentes corpora fusa rosas. 
Nee me (crede mihi) terrent Semeleia fata. 

Nee Phaetonteo fumidus axis equo ; 
Cum tu Phcebe tuo sapientius uteris igni. 

Hue ades & gremio lumina pone meo. 
Sic Tellus lasciva suos suspirat amores ; 

Matris in exemplura cietera turba ruunt. 
Nunc etenim toto eurrit vagus orbe Cupido, 

Languentesque fovet solis ab igne faces, 
Insonuere novis lethalia eornua nervis, 

Triste mieant ferro tela eorusca novo. 
Jamque vel invictam tentat superasse Dianam, 

Qujeque sedet sacro Vesta pudiea foco. 
Ipsa senescentem reparat Venus annua formam, 

Atque iterum tepido creditur orta marl. 
Marmoreas juvenes clamant Hymeniee per urbes, 

Litus io Hymen, & cava saxa sonant. 



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Elegia §}i4nta. 



Egrediturque frequens ad amcent gaudia veris 

Vii^ineos auro cincta pueila sinus. no 

Votum est cuique suum, votum est tamen omnibus unum, 

Ut sibi quern cupiat, det Cytherea virum. 
Nunc quoque septen^ moduktur arundine pastor, 

Et sua quEe jungat carroina Phyllis habef. 
Navita noctumo placat sua sydera cantu, 

Delphi nasque leves ad vada sum ma vocat. 
Jupiter ipse alto cum conjuge ludit Olympo, 

Convocat & famulos ad sua festa Deos. 
Nunc etiam Satyri cum sera crepuscula surgunt, 

PervoHtant celeri fiorea rura chore, 120 

Sylvan usque sud Cyparissi frond e revinctus, 

Semicaperque Deus, semideusque caper. 
QuEeque sub arboribus Dryades latuere vetustis 

Per juga, per solos expatiantur agros. 
Per sata luxuriat fruticetaque Mjenalius Pan, 

Vix Cybele mater, vix sibi tuta Ceres, 
Atque aliquam cupidus prfedatur Oreada Faunus, 

Consul it in trepidos dum sibi Nympha pedes, 
Jaraque latet, latitansque cupit male tecta videri, 

Et fugit, & fugiens pervelit ipsa capi. 130 

Dii quoque non dubitant cielo prteponere sySvas, 

Et sua quisque sibi numina lucus habet. 
Et sua quisque diu sibi numina lucus habeto. 

Nee vos arbore^ dii precor ite domo. 
Te referant miseris te Jupiter aurea terris 

Siecla, quid ad nimbos aspera tela redis ? 
Tu saltem lentfe rapidos age Phcebe jugales 

Qu^ potes, & sensim tempora veris eant. 
Erumaque productas tarde ferat hispida noctes, 

Ingruat & nostra serior urabra polo, 140 



(•ss) 



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^^Miscellaneous Toems. 

Elegia sexta. 
^li Carnhim Dhdatum rtiri commorantem. 

Qui cum idibtis Decenib. sciipsissei, iS" sua carim'na excHsan /los/iiia&sel si 
solifo minus esseni boHa, guvtl inter laii/ilias qiiibus /rat ab attiicis exc^bts, 
haad salts filicem operain Musis dare se posse affinaabat, ktinc habait 
nsponsuHi. 

MiTTO tibi sanam non pleno ventre salutem, 

QuS. tu distento forte carere potes. 
At tua quid nostram prolectat Musa camcenam, 

Nee sinit optatas posse sequ! tenebras ? 
Carmine scire velis quim te redamemque coUmque, 

Crede mibi vix hoc carmine scire queas, 
Nam neque noster amor moduiis includitur arctis, 

Nee venit ad claudos integer ipse pedes. 
Quam bene solennes epulas, hilaremque Decembrim 

Festaque ccelifugam quK coluere Deum, lo 

Deliciasque refers, hybemi gaudia ruris, 

Hauslaque per lepidos Gallica musta focos. 
Quid quereris refugatn vino dapibusque poesin ? 

Carmen. amat Bacchum, Carmina Bacchus amat. 
Nee puduit Phcebum virides gestasse corymbos, 

Atque hederam lauro pr^eposuisse suse. 
Ssepius Aoniis clamavit coUibus Euce 

crista ThyonSo turba novena choro. 
Naso CorallEeis mala carmina misit ab agris : 

Non iliic epul^ non sata vitis erat. 20 

Quid nisi vina, rosasque racemifenimque J.y;Eum 

Cantavit brevibus Teia Musa modis? 
Pindaricosque inflat numeros Teumesius Euan, 

Et redolet sumptum pagina quseque merum, 
Dum gravis everso currus crepat axe supinus, 

Et volat Eleo pulvere fuscus eqiies. 
Quadrimoque madens Lyricen Romanus laccho 

Duke canit Glyceran, flavicomaraque Chloen, 
Jam quoque lauta tibi generoso rnensa paratu, 

Mentis alit vires, ingeniumque fovet. 30 

Massica fcecundam despumant pocula venam, 

Fundis & ex ipso condita metra cado. 

(■34) 



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Elegia Sext, 



a. 

Addimus his artes, fusumque per intima Phibum 

Corda, favent uni Bacchus, Apollo, Ceres. 
Scilicet baud mirum tarn dulcia carmina per te 

Numine composito tres peperisse Deos. 
Nunc quoque Thtessa tibi cjelato barbitos auro 

InsonaC arguta molliter icta maiiu; 
Auditurque chelys suspeiisa tapetia circuro, 

Virgineos trerauli quje regat arte pedes. 
Ilia tuas saltern teneant spectacula Musas, 

Et revocent, quantum crapula pellit iners. 
Crede mihi dum psallit ebar, comitataque plectrum 

Implet odoratos festa chorea tholos, 
Percipies taciturn per pectora serpere Phcebum, 

Quale repentinus permeat ossa calor, 
Perque puellares oculos digitumque .sonantem 

Irruet in totos lapsa Thalia sinus. 
Namque Elegi'a levis multorum cura deorutn est, 

Et vocat ad numeros quemlibet ilia suos ; 
Liber aflest elegis, Eratoque, Ceresque, Venusque, 

Et cum purpurea matre tenellus Amor. 
Talibus inde licent convivia larga poetis, 

S^pius & veteri commaduisse mero. 
At qui bella refert, & adulto sub Jove cjelum, 

Heroasque pios, semideosque duces, 
Et nunc sancta canit superum consulta deorum, 

Nunc latrata fero regna profunda cane, 
lUe quidem parcfe Samii pro more magistri 

Vivat, & innocuos prjebeat herba cibos; 
Stet prope fagineo pellucida lympha catiUo, 

Sobriaque h puro pocula fonte bibat. 
Additur huic scelerisque vacans, & casta juventus, 

Et rigidi mores, & sine labe manus. 
Qualis veste nitens sacr^ & lustralibus undis 

Surgis ad infensos augur iture Deos. 
Hoc titu vixisse ferunt post rapta sagacem 

Lumina Tiresian, Ogygiumque Linon, 
Et lare devoto profugum Calchanta, senemque 

Orpheon edomitis sola per antra feris ; 
Sic dapis exiguus, sic rivi potor Homerus 

Dulichium vexit per freta longa virum, 
Et per monstrificam Perseise Pbcebados auiam, 

Et vada fcemineis insidiosa sonis, 

(.3S) 



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<dMiscellaneous Toems. 

Perque tuas rex ime dotnos, ubi sanguine nigro 

Dicitiir umbrarum detinuisse greges. 
Diis etenim sacer est vates, divumque sacerdos, 

Spirat & occultum pectus, & ora Jovem. 
At tu si quid agam, scitabere (si niodo saltem 

Esse putas tanti noscere siquid agam) ! 

Paciferum canimus cfelesti semine regem, 

Faustaque sacratis SEecula pacta libris, 
Vagitumque Dei, & stabulantem paupere tecto 

Qui suprema suo cum patre regna colit. 
Stelliparumque polum, modulatitesque sethere turmas, 

Et subito disos ad sua fana Deos. 
Dona quidem dedimus Christi natalibus ilia 

Ilia sub auroram lux mihi prima tulit. 
Te quoque pressa manent patriis meditata cicutis, 

Tu mihi, cui recitem, judicis instar eris, i 



Elegia septima, Anno setatis 
undevigesimo. 

NoNDUM blanda tuas leges Amalhusia noram, 

Et Paphio vacuum pectus ah igiie fuit. 
Stepe cupidineas, puerilia tela, sagittas, 

Atque tuum sprevi maxime, numen, Amor. 
Tu puer imbelles dixi fransfige columbas. 

Con veil iunt tenero mollia bella duci. 
Aut de passeribus tumidos age, parve, triumphos, 

Hecc sunt militise digna trophtea tuse. 
In genus humanum quid inania dirigis arma? 

Non valet in fortes ista pharetra viros. 
Non tulit hoc Cyprius, (neque enim Deiis ullus a 

Promptior) & diiplici jam ferus igne calet. 
Ver erat, & summte radians per culmina villfe 

Attulerat primam lux tibi Maie diem : 
At mihi ad hue refugam qujerebant lumina i 

Nee maCutinum sustinuere jubar. 
Astat Amor lecto, pictis Amor impiger alis, 

Prodidit astantem mota pharetra Deum : 
Prodidit & facies, & duke minantis ocelli, 

Et quicquid puero, dignum & Amore fuit. 

(.36) 



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Elegia Septtma. 



Talis in jetemo juvenis Sigeius Olympo 

Miscet amatori pocula plena Jovi ; 
Aut qui formosas pellexit ad oscula nymphas 

ThiodamantKUS Naiade raptus Hylas; 
Addideratque iras, sed & has decuisse putares, 

Addideratque truces, nee sine felle minas, 
Et miser exeroplo sapuisses tutiiis, inquit. 

Nunc mea quid possit dextera testis eris. 
Inter & expertos vires numerabere nostras, 

Et faciam vero per tua damna fidem, 
Ipse ego si nescis strato Pythone superbum 

Edomut Phcebum, cessit & ille mihi; 
Et quoties meminit Peneidos, ipse fatetur 

Certitis & graviiis tela nocere mea. 
Me nequit adductum curvare perititis arcum, 

Qui post terga solet vincere Parthns eqnes. 
Cydoniusque mihi cedit venator, & ille 

Inscius uxori qui necis author erat. 
Est etiam nobis ingens quoque victus Orion, 

Herculeeeque manus, Herculeusque comes. 
Jupiter ipse licet sua fulmina torqueat in me, 

HErebunt lateri spicula nostra Jovis. 
Cetera quse dubitas meiifas mea tela docebunt, 

Et tna non leviter corda petenda mihi. 
Nee te stulte tuEe poterunt defendere Museb, 

Nee tibi Phcebjeus porriget anguis opem. 
Dixit, & aurato quatiens mucrone sagittam, 

Evolat in tepidos Cypridos ille sinus. 
At mihi risuro tonuit ferus ore minaci, 

Et mihi de puero non metus ullus erat. 
Et modb qua nostri spatiantur in urbe Quirites 

Et modb villarum proxima rura placent. 
Turba frequens, faci^que simillima turba dearum 

Splendida per medias itque reditque vias. 
Auctaque luce dies gemino fulgore coruscat. 

Bailor? an & radios hinc quoque Phcebus habet. 
Hfec ego non fugi spectacula grala severus. 

Impetus & quo me fert juvenilis, agor. 
Lumina luminibus malfe providus obvia misi. 

Neve oculos potui continuisse meos. 
Unam forte aiiis supereminuisse notabam, 

Principium nostri lux erat ilia mali. 

(■37) 



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<^JMiscellaneous Toems. 

Sic Venus optaret mortalibus ipsa videri, 

Sic regina Deum conspicienda fuit. 
Hanc memor objecit nobis malus ii!e Cupido, 

Solus & hos nobis texuit ante dolos. 
Nee procul ipse vafer latuit, multEeque sagittK, 

Et facis a tergo grande pependit onus. 
Nee mora, nunc ciliis hEesit, nunc vit^inis ori, 

Insilit hinc labiis, insidet inde genis : 
Et quascunque agilis partes jacuktor oberrat, 

Hei mihi, mille locis pectus inerme ferit. 
Protinus insoliti subierunt corda furores, 

Uror amans intis, flanimaqiie totus eram, 
Interea misero quie jam mlhi sola placebat, 

Ablata est oculis non reditura meis. 
Ast ego progredior tacite querebundus, & excors, 

Et dubius volui ssepe referre pedem. 
Findor, & hsec remanet, sequitur pars altera votum, 

Raptaque tam subito gaudia flere juvat. 
Sic dolet amissum proles Junonia c<elum, 

Inter Lemniacos prsecipitata focos. 
Talis & abreptum sotem respexit, ad Orcum 

Vectus ab attonitis Amphiaraus equis. 
Quid faciam infelix, & luctu victus, amores 

Nee licet inceptos ponere, neve sequi. 
O utinam spectare semel mihi detur amatos 

Vuitus, & cor^m tristia verba loqui ; 
Forsitan & dure non est adamante creata, 

Forte nee ad nostras surdeat ilia preces. 
Crede mihi nullus sic infeliciter arsit, 

Ponar in exemplo primus & unus ego. 
Farce precor teneri cum sis Deus ales amoris, 

Pugnent officio nee tua facta tuo. 
Jam Euus O certfe est mihi formidabilis arcus, 

Nate deS, jaeulis nee minus igne potensi 
Et tua fumabunt nostris altaria donis, 

Solus & in stiperis tu mihi summus eris. 
Deme meos tandem, veriim nee denie furores, 

Nescio cur, miser est suaviter omnis amans : 
Tu modo da facilis, posthrec mea siqua futura est, 

Cuspis amaturos figat ut una duos. 



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In Troditionem Bombardkam. 

Hx-C ego mente olim l^va, studioque supino 

Nequiti;e posui vana trophjea mese. 
Scilicet abreptum sic me raalus impulit error, 

Indocilisque tetas prava magistra fuit. 
Donee Socraticos umbrosa Academia rivos 

Prsebuit, admissum dedocuitque jugum. 
Protinus extinctis ex illo tempore flammis, 

Cincta rigent multo pectora nostra gelu. 
TJnde suis frigus metuit puer ipse Saglttis, 

Et Diomed^am vim timet ipse Venus. 



In Proditionem Bombardkam. 

Cum simul in regem nuper satrapasque Britannos 

Ausus es infandum perfide Faiixe nefas, 
Fallor? an & mitis voluisti ex parte videri, 

Et pensare maia cum pietate scelus; 
Scilicet hos alti missurus ad atria cseli, 

Sulphureo curru flammivolisque rotis. 
Qualiter ille feris caput inviolabile Parcis 

Liquit Jordanios turbine raptus agros. 



In eandem. 

SicciNE tentasti c^elo donSsse Jacobum 

Quae septemgeraino Bellua monte lates? 
Ni meliora tuum poterit dare munera numen, 

Parce precor donis insidiosa tuis. 
Ille quidem sine te consortia serus adivit 

Astra, nee inferni pulveris usus ope. 
Sic potids finedos in caelum pelle cucullos, 

Et quot habet brutos Roma profana Deos. 
Namque hac aut alia nisi quemque adjuveris arte, 

Crede mibi cEeli vix bene scandet iter. 



(.») 



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^^Miscellaneous 'Poems. 



In eandem. 

PuRGATOREM animK derisit Jacobus ignem, 

Et sine quo superum non adeunda domiis. 
Frenduit hoc trina monstrum Latiale corona 

Movit & horrificiim cornua dena minax. 
Et nee inultus ait temnes mea sacra Briianne, 

Supplicium spretJ relligione dabis. 
Et si stelligeras unquam penetraveris arces, 

Non nisi per flammas triste patebit iter. 
O qa^m funesto cecinisti proxima vero, 

Verbaque ponderibus vix caritura suis ! 
Nam prope Tartareo sublime rotatus ab igni 

Ibat ad Kthereas umbra peruata plagas. 



In eandem. 

QuEM modb Roma suis devoverat impia diris, 
Et Styge damnarat Tsnarioque sinu, 

Hunc vice mutatA jam tollere gestit ad astra, 
Et cupit ad superos evehere usque Deos. 



In inventorem Bombardie. 

Japetionidem laudavit caeca vetustas, 
Qui tulit Ktheream solis ab axe facera ; 

At mihi maior ent, qui lunda creditur arn 
Et tnfidum fulmen surripuisse Jovi. 



Ad Leonoram I^mie canentem. 

Angelus unicuique suns (sic credite gentes) 
Obtigit Eethereis ales ah ordinibus. 

Quid miruni ? Leonora tibi si gloria major, 
Nam tua prjesentem vox sonat ipsa Deum. 
(140) 



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Q^d Ijeonoram. 

Aut Deusj aut vacui certe mens tertia cceli 

Per Cua secreto guttura serpit agens; 
Serpit agens, facilisque docet mortalia corda 

Sensim immortali assuescere posse sono. 
Qubd si cuncta quidem Deus est, per cunctaque fusus. 

In te unit loquitur, ceetera mutus habet. lo 



Ad eandem. 

Altera Torquatum cepit I^onora Poiitara, 

Cujus ab insano cessit amore furens. 
Ah miser ille tuo quantb felicids eevo 

Perditus, & propter te Leonora foret ! 
Et te Pieria sensisset voce canentem 

Aurea maternae fila movere lyne, 
Quanivis Dircaeo torsisset iumina Pentheo 

Sfevior, aut totus desipuisset iners, 
Tu Jamen errantes cseci vertigine sensus 

Voce eadera poteras composuisse Ink; 
Et poteras jegro spirans sub corde quietem 

Flexanimo cantu restituisse sibi. 



Ad Bandem. 

Credula quid iiquidam Sirena Neapoli jactas, 

Claraque Parthenopes fana Acheloiados, 
Littoreamque tua defunctam Naiada ripa 

Corpora Chalcidico sacra dedisse rogo? 
Ilia quidem vivitque, & amcena Tibridis unda 

Mutavit rauci murmura Pausibpi. 
lUic Romulidflni studiis omata secundis, 

Atque homines cantu detinet aique Deos. 



Elegtarum Finis. 

(»40 



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(^Miscellaneous Toems. 

[Added in Second Edition 1673] 
jipologus de HjisttcQ & Hero 

Rustic 1. b e\ Malo sapid ssima poma quotann s 

Legit &. urbano ]ecta dedit Domino 
HiL. incredibili frucffls dulced nt Captus 

Malum ipsam in propnas transtul t areolas 
Hicteiius 1II1 fer^x sed Jongo deb lis seso 

Mota solo asbueto prot nus aret iners 
Quod tandem ut patuit Dommo spe lusus mini, 

Dminaiit celeres m sua datnna manus 
Atque ait Heu qu^nto iatms fuit ilia Coloni 

(Parva licet) grato dona tulisse anin o 
Possem Ego avantiam ftcenare guhmque voracem ; 

Nunc periere mihi & fcetus 'v ipsa parens 

[From Defensto pro populo angli ano 1651 ] 

In Salmasit Hundredatn. 
Quis expedmt Salmasio suam Hundredam, 
Picamque docu!t lerba nostra conan? 
Magister artis venter, et Jacobei 
Centum exulantis viscera marsupii regis 
Quod SI dolosi spes refulsent nummi, 
Ipse, Antirhristi modo qui primatum Papce 
Minatus uno est dissipare suffiitu, 
Cantabit ultio Cardinalitium mclos 

[From Defensio secunda, 1654.] 
In Salmasium. 

Gaudete scombri, et quicquid est piscium salo, 

Qui frigida hyerae mcohtis algentes freta 1 

Vestrum misertus ille Sal m asms Eques 

Bonus, amicire nuditatem cogitat , 

Ghartfeque largus, apparat papyrinos 

Vobis cucullos, prffifcrentes Claudii 

Insignia, nomenque et decus, balmasii 

Gestetis uE per omne cetanum forum 

Equitis clientes scrinus mungentium 

Cubito virorum, et capsulis, gratissimos i 

(w) 



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In ohitum Trocancdlarii medic't. 



SYLVARUM LIBER. 

Anno xtatis id. In obitum Procancellarii 
medici. 

Parere fati disc te legibus, 
Manusque Parcse jam date supplices. 
Qui pendulum tellu s otbem 
Japeti colit s nepotes 
Vos SI relicto mors ^aga Teenaro 
Semel ^ocarit flebil s heu moree 
Tentantur mcassum dol que ; 

Per tenebtas Stjgia ire certum est. 
Si destinatam pellerc de\tera 
Mortem valeret non ferus Hercules i 

Nessi venenatus cruore 
•E-mathia jacui'aet (Eta. 
Nee fraude turpi Palladia invidfe 
Vidisset occisum liion Hectora, aut 
Quem larva Pelidis peremit 
Ense Locro, Jove lacrymante 
Si tnste fatum verba Hecateia 
Fugate possint, Tekgoni parens 
Vixisset infamis, potentique 

.-Egiali soror usa virga j 

Numenque trmum fallere si queant 
Artes medenttim, ignotaque grimina, 
Non gnarus herbarum Machaon 
Eurypyli cecidisset hasta, 
L^esisset & nee te Philyreie 
Sagitta echidnse perlita sanguine. 
Nee tela te fulmenque avitum 
C«se puer gemtricis alvo 
Tuque alumno major ApoUine, 
Gentis togatje cui regimen datum, j 

Frondosa quem nunc Citrha luget, 
. Et mediis Helicon in undis, 
(■43) 



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zJ\4iscellaneous Toems. 

Jam prffifuisses Palladio gregi 
Lsetus, superstes, nee sine gloria. 
Nee puppe lus trasses Charontis 
Horribiies barathri recessus. 
At fill rupit Persephone tua 
d 
P tr 



Elysio spatiere campo. 



In quintum Novembris, Anno setatis 17 

Jam pus extrenia ven ens Jtcobus ib arcto 
Teucngenas populos lateque patentia re^jiia 
Albionum tenmt, jamque mviolabile fcedus 
Sceptra Caledonus conjunxertt Anglica Scotis : 
Pacificusque no\o felix dnesque sedebat 
In solio occultique doli securus &. hostis 
Cum ferus ign fluo regnarls Acheronte t}rannus, 
Eumenidum pater ^ethereo vigus exul Olympo, 
Foite per immensum tcrrarum erraierat orbem, 
Dinumerans sceleris socios \ernasque fidcles, 
Participes regni post funera mcesta futuroa 
Hie tempestates medio ciet aere diras 
Illic unanimei odium stru t mter amicos 
Armat &. mvict'ib n mutua visceri gentes 
Regnaque olivifeci \ertit florentia pace 
Et quoscunque \idet [utEe virtutis ainantes 
Hos eupit adjicere impeno fraudumque magister 
Teiitat inaccessum acelen corrumpere pectus, 
In&idiasque locat tacitas cassesque latentes 
Tendit ut mcautos rapiat beu C^spia Ti^s 
Insequitur trepidam deserta per ana pr'edam 
Nocte sub illuni i somno mctantibub i^tris. 

(.44) 



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In quintum Novembris. 

Talibus infestat populos Summanus & urbes 
Cinctus cjeruiefe fumanti turbine flammse. 
Jamque fluentisonis albentia rupibus avva 
Apparent, & terra Deo dilecta marino, 
Cui nomen dederat quondam Neptunia proles 
Amphitryoniaden qui non dubitavit atrocem 
jEquore tranato furiali poscere bello, 
Ante expugnatse crudelia ssecula Troite, 

At simul banc opibusque & festi pace beatam 
Aspicit, & pingues donis Cerealibus agros, 
Quodque magis doluit, venerantem niimina veri 
Sancta Dei populum, tandem suspiria rupit 
Tartareos ignes & luridum olentia sulphur. 
Qualia Trinacria trux ab Jove clausus in JEXra. 
Efflat tabifieo monstrosus ab ore Tiphceus. 
Ignescunt oculi, stridetque adamantinus ordo 
Dentis, ut armorum fragor, ictaque cuspide cuspis. 
Atque pererrato solum hoc lacrymabile mundo 
Inveni, dixit, gens hasc mihi sola rebellis, 
Contemtrixque jugi, nostrique potentior arte.. 
Ilia tamen, mea si quicquam tentamina possunt, 
Non feret hoc impune diu, non ibit intilta, 
Hactenus ; & piceis liquido natat aere pennis ; 
Qua volat, adversi pr^cursant agmine vetiti, 
Densantur nubes, & crebra tonitrua fulgent 

Jamque pruinosas velox superaverat alpes, 
Et tenet Ausonife fines, k parte sinistri 
Nimbifer Appenninus erat, priscique Sabini, 
Dextra veneficiis infamis Hetruria, nee non 
Te furtiva Tibris Thetidi videt oscula dantem ; 
Hinc Mavortigenee consistit in arce Quirini. 
Reddiderant dubiam jam sera crepuscula lucem, 
Cum circumgreditur totam Tricoronifer urbem, 
Panificosque Deos portat, scapulisque virorum 
Evebitur, pneeunt summisso poplite reges, 
Et mendicantum series longissima fratrum ; 
Cereaque in manibus gestant funalia cseci, 
Cimmeriis nati in tenebris, vitamque trahentes. 
Templa dein multis subeunt lucentia tEedis 
(Vesper erat sacer iste Petro) fremitusque canetitura 

57 Summisso] submisso 11^7^ 



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^Miscellaneous Toems. 

Ssepe tholos implet vacuos, & inane locorum, 
Qualiter exululat Bromius, Bromiique caterva, 
Orgia cantantes in Echionio Aracyntho, 
Dum fremit attonitus vitreis Asopus in undis, 
Et procul ipse cava respoiisat rupe Cithserori. 

His igitur tandera solenni more peractis, 
Nox senis amplexus Erebi taciturna reliquil, 
Prsecipitesque impellit equos stimulante flagello, 
Captura oculis Typhlonta, MelanchEetemque ferocem, 
At que AclieronKeo prognatam patre Siopen 
Torpidam, & hirsutis horrentem Phrica capillis, 
Interea regum domitor, Phlegetontius hseres, 
Ingreditur thalamos (neque enim secretus adulter 
Producit steriles molli sine pellice noctes) 
At vix composites somnus claudebat ocellos, 
Cum niger umbrarum dominus, rectorque silentmn, 
Prjedatorque hotninum falsli sub imagine tectus 
Astitit, assuTDptis micuerunt tempora canis, 
Barba sinus promissa tegit, cineracea longo 
Syrmate verrit humum vestis, pendetque cucullus 
Venice de raso, & ne quicquam desit ad artes, 
Cannabeo lumbos constrinxit fune salaces. 
Tarda fenestratis figens vestigia calceis. 
Taiis uti fama est, vasti Franciscus eremo 
Tetra v^abatur solus per lustra ferarum, 
Sylvestrique tulit genti pia verba salutis 
Imptus, atque lupos domtiit, Lybicosqiie leones. 

Subdolus at tali Serpens velatus amictu 
Solvit in has fallax ora execrantia voces ; 
Dermis nate? Etiamne tuos sopor opprimit artus 
Immemor O fidei, pecorumque oblite tuoruni, 
Dum cathedram venerande tuarn, diademaque triplex 
Ridet Hyperboreo gens barbara nata sub axe, 
Dumque pharetrati spemunt tua jura Britanni ; 
Surge, age, surge piger, Latius quem Caesar adorat, 
Cui reserata patet convexi janua cjeli, 
Turgentes animos, & fastus frange procaces, 
SacriJegique sciant, tua quid maledictio possit, i 

Et quid Apostoliae possit custodia clavis ; 
Et niemor Hesperife disjectam ulciscere classem, 
Mersaque I hero rum lato vexilla profundo, 
Sanctorumque cruci tot corpora fixa probrosse, 



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In quintum Novembris. 

Thermodoontea nuper regnanle pueJla. 
At tu si tenero mavis torpescere lecto 
Crescentesque n^gas hosti contundere vires, 
Tyrrhenum implebit numeroso milite Pontum, 
Signaque Aventino ponet fulgentia colle : 
Relliquias velenim franget, flammisque cremabtt, 
Sacraque calcabit pedibus tua colla profanis, 
Cujus gaudebant soleis dare basia reges. 
Nee tamen hunc bellis & aperto Marte lacesses, 
Irritus iUe labor, tu callidus utere fraude, 
Qufelibet htereticis disponere retia fas est ; 
Jamque ad consilium extremis rex magnus ab oris 
Patricios vocat, & procerum de stirpe creates, 
Grandffivosque patres trabe^, canisque verendos; 
Hos tu membratim poteris conspei^ere in auras, 
Atque dare in cineres, nitrati pulveris igne 
i^Mibus injecto, qua convenere, sub irais. 
Protinus ipse igitur quoscumque habet Anglia fidos 
Propositi, fectique mone, quisquamne tuorum 
Audebit summi non jussa facessere PapEe. 
Perculsosque metu subito, casdque sjupentes 
Invadat vel Gallus atrox, vel skvus Iberus. 
Sfecula sic illic tandem Mariana redibunt, 
Tuque in.belligeros iterum dominaberis Anglos. 
Et nequid timeas, divos divasque secundas 
Accipe, quotque tuis celebrantur numina fastis. 
Dixit & adscitos ponens malefldus amictus 
Fugit ad infandam, regnum illEetabile, Lethen. 

Jam rosea Eoas pandens Tithonia portas 
Vestit inauratas redeunti lumine terras ;. 
Msestaque adhuc nigri deptorans funera nati 
Irrigat ambrosiis montana cacumina guttis; 
Cum somnos pepulit stellate janitor aul^e 
Nocturiios visus, & somnia grata revolvens. 

Est locus Eeterna septus caligine noctis 
Vasta ruinosi quondam fundamina tecti, 
Nunc torvi spelunca Phoni, Prodotseque bilinguis 
Effera quos utio peperit Discordia partu. 
Hie inter ctementa jacent semifraclique saxa, 
Ossa inbumata virum, & trajecta cadavera ferro; 

143 seiiiifractaque] prEPniptaque i6j^ 



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^^Miscellaneous Voems. 

Hie Dolus intortis semper sedet ater ocellis, 

Jurgiaqae, & stimiilis armata Calumnia fauces, 

Et Furor, atque vife moriendi mille videntur, 

Et Timor, exanguisque locum circumvolat Horror, 

Perpetuoque leves per muta silentia Manes 

Exuluiant, leilus & sanguine conscia stagnat. 15. 

Ipsi eciam pavidi latitant penetralibus antri 

Et Phonos, & Prodotes, nulloque sequente per antrum 

Antrum horrens, scopulosum, atrum feralibus umbris 

Diffugiunt sontes, & retro lumina vortunt, 

Hos pugiles Romie per ssecula longa fideles 

Evocat antistes Babylonius, atque ita fatur. 

Finibus occiduis circumfusum incolit Eequor 

Gens exosa mihi, prudens natura negavit 

Indignara penitis nostro conjungere mundo : 

lUuc, sic jubeo, celeri contendite gressu, iG 

Tartareoque leves difflentur pulvere in auras 

Et rex & pariter satrapK, scelerata propago 

Et quotquot fidei caluere cupidine ver^e 

Consilii socios adhibete, operisque ministros. 

Finierat, rigidi cupidE; paruere gemelli. 

Interea longo flectens curvamine cfelos 
Despicit tethered, dominus qui fulgurat arce, 
Vanaque perversse ridet conamina turbfe, 
Atque sui causam populi volet ipse tueri. 

Esse ferunt spatium, quk distat ab Aside terra 17 
Fertilis Europe, & spectat Mareotidas undas; 
Hie turris posita est Titanidos ardua Famje 
jErea, lata, soruns, rutilis vicinior astris 
Qu&m superimpositum vel Athos vel Pelion Ossfe 
Mille fores aditusque patent, totidemque fenestr^e, 
Amplaque per tenues translucent atria muros ; 
Excitat hie varies plebs agglomerata susurros; 
Quaiiter instrepitant circum mulctralia bombis 
Agmina muscatum, aut texto per ovilia junco, 
Dum Canis Eestivura cceli petit ardua culmen is 

Ipsa quidem summi sedet ultrix matris in arce, 
Auribus innumeris cinctum caput eminet oUi, 
Queis sonitum exiguum trahit, atque levissima capiat 
Murmura, ab extremis patuli confinibus orbis. 
Nee tot Aristoride servator inique juvencK 
149, 150 Manes Exuluiant,] Manes, Exululat i6y Errata. 

(■48) 



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In quintum Novemhris. 

Isidos, immiti volvebas lumina vultu, 
Lumina non unquam tacito nutantia somno, 
Lumina subjectas late spectantia terras. 
Istis ilia solet loca luce carentia s^pe 
Perlustrare, etiam radianti impervia soli. 
Millenisque loquax auditaque visaque iinguis 
Cuilibet effundit temeraria, verique mendax 
Nunc minuit, modb confictis sermonibus auget. 
Sed taraen a nostro meruisti carmine laudes 
Fama, bonum quo non aliud veracius uUum, 
Nobis digna cani, nee te memorasse pigebit 
Carmine tarn longo, servati scilicet Angli 
Ofiiciis vaga diva tuis, tibi reddimus fequa. 
Te Deus Eeternos motu qui temperat ignes, 
Fulmine prsemisso alloquitur, terrique tremente : 
Fama siles? an te latet impia Papistarum 
Conjurata cohors in meque meosque Britannos, 
Et nova sceptrigero csedes meditata Jacobo i 
Nee plura, ilia statim sensit mandata Tonantis, 
Et satis ante fugax stridentes induit alas, 
Induit & variis esilia corpora plumis ; 
Dextra tubain gestat Temesseo ex Ere sonoram. 
Nee mora jam pennis cedentes remigat auras, 
Atque parum est cursu celeres prEevertere nubes. 
Jam ventos, jam solis equos post terga reliquit: 
Et primb Angliacas solito de more per urbes 
Ambiguas voces, incertaque murmura spargit, 
Mox arguta dolos, & detestabile vulgat 
Proditionis opus, nee non facta horrida dictu, 
Authoresque addit sceleris, nee garrula CEecis 
Insidiis loca structa silet ; stupuere relatis, 
Et pariter juvenes, pariter tremuere puellie, 
Ei&tique senes pariter, tantseque ruin;e 
Sensus ad tetatem subito penetraverat omnem 
Attamen interea populi mJseresdt ab alto 
^thereus pater, & crudelibus obstitit ausis 
Papicollim ; capti pcenas raptantur ad acres ; 
At pia thura Deo, & grati solvuntur honores; 
Compita lieta focis genialibus omnia furnant ; 
Turba chores juvenilis agit : Quintoque Novembris 
Nulla Dies toto occurrit celebratior anno. 

(149) 



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^^Miscellaneous Toems. 



Anno Ktatis 17. In obitum Prxsulis 
Eliensis. 

^ H c adentes o e &qualcb t genre 

L s cca ondu lu ^ 
Adhuc 1 que t s b e tu gebant sal s 

Q ea upe effud p us 
Du m ESta cha o justa persolv rogo 

W nto ens s prtesul s 
Cum centlngus Fama (p oh sen per al 

Clad sque vera n nt a) 
bpai^it per urbes divitis Britannije, 

Populosque Neptuno satos, 
Cessisse morti, & ferreis sororibus 

Te generis humani decus, 
Qui rex sacronim illit fuisti in insula 

QuEe nomen Anguillte tenet. 
Tunc inquietum pectus iri protinus 

Ebulliebat fervid^ 
Tumulis potentem stepe devovens deam : 

Nee vota Naso in Ibida 
Concepit alto diriora pectore, 

Graiusque vates i)arcitis 
Turpem Lycambis execratus est dolum, 

Sponsamque Neobolen suam. 
At ecce diras ipse dum fundo graves, 

Et imprecor iieci necem, 
Audisse tales videor attonitus sonos 

Leni, sub aurS, flaraine : 
Ceccos furores pone, pone vitream 

Bilemque & irritas minas, 
Quid temere violas non nocenda numina, 

Subitoque ad iras percita. 
Non est, ut arbitraris elusus miser, 

Mors atra Noctis filia, 
Erebdve patre creta, sive Erinnye, 

Vastdve nata sub Chao : 
Ast ilia CEelo missa stellato, Dei 

Messes ubique coUigit; 



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Naturam non pati senium. 

Animasque mole carnea reconditas 

In lucem & auras evocat : 
Ut cum fugaces excitant HoriB diem 

Themidos Jovisque filife ; 
Et sempitemi ducit ad vukus patris; 

At justa raptat impios 
Sub regna furvi Juctuosa Tartari, 

Sedesque subterraneas 
Hanc ut vocantem tetus audivi, citb 

Fcedum reliqui carcerem, 
Volatilesque faustus inter milites 

Ad astra sublimis feror : 
Vates. ut olim raptus ad caelum senex 

Auriga currus ignei, 
Non me Bootis terruere lucidi 

Sarraca tarda frigore, aut 
Formidolosi Scorpionis brachia, 

Non eiisis Orion tuus. 
Prfetervolavi fulgidi solis globum, 

Long^que sub pedibus deam 
Vidi triforraem, dum coercebat suos 

Frffinis draco nes aureis. 
Erraticorum syderum per ordines. 

Per lacteas vehor plagas, 
Velocitatem ssepe miratus novam, 

Donee nitentes ad fores 
Ventum est Olympi, & regiam Crystallinam, 

Stratum smaragdis Atrium. 
Sed hie tacebo, nam quis effari queat 

Oriundus humano patre 
Aracenitates illius loci, mihi 

Sat est in leternum frui. 



Naturam. non pati senium. 

He qu^ n pe pe u e o bus acta fatiseit 

Av a e ho n u enebrisque immersa profundis 

CEd podion ai ol sul pectore noetem ! 

QuEe esan su n e facta deorum 

Aude & nc as leges danante perenni 

( s > 



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^^Miscellaneous Toems. 

Assimilare suis, nuUoque solubile sseclo 
Consilium fatt perituris alligat horis. 

Etgone marcescet sulcantihus obsita rugis 
Naturse iacies, & rerutn publics mater 
Oninipanim contracta uterum sterilescet ab sevo ? 
Et se fassa senem male certis passibua ibit 
Sidereum tremebunda caput P num tetra vetustas 
Annorumque seterna fames, squalorque situsque 
Sideva vexabunt? an & insatiabile Tempus 
Esuriet Cselum, rapietque in viscera patrem? 
Heu, potuitne suas imprudens Jupiter arces 
Hoc contra mimisse nefas, & Temporis isto 
Exemisse malo, gyrosque dedisse perennes? 
Ergo erit ut quandoque sono dilapsa treraendo 
Convexi tabulata ruant, atque obvius ictu 
Stridat uterque polus, superSque ut Olympius aul^ 
Decidat, horribilisque retecta Gorgone Pallas. 
Qualis in JE^^ara proles Jimonia Lemnon 
Deturbata sacro cecidit de limine cteli. 
Tu quoque Phcebe tui casus imitabere nati 
Prsecipiti curru, subit^que ferere ruina 
Pronus, & extincta fumabit lampade Nereus, 
Et dabit attonito feralia sibila ponto. 
Tunc etiam aerei divulsis sedibus H^mi 
Dissultabit apes, imoque allisa barathro 
Terrebunt S^gium dejecta Ceraunia Ditem 
In superos quibus usus erat, fraternaque bella. 

At Pater omnipotens fundatis fortius astris 
Consuluit rerum summse, certoque peregit 
Pondere fatorum lances, atque ordine summo 
Singula perpetuum jussit servare tenorem. 
Volvitur hinc lapsu mundi rota prima diumo ; 
Raptat & ambitos socia vettigine cselos. 
Tardior baud solito Saturnus, & acer ut olim 
Fulmineum rutilat cristatS. casside Mayors. 
Floridus Ktemiim Phrebus juvenile coruscat. 
Nee fovet effcetas loca per declivia terras 
Devexo temone Deus; sed semper amici 
Luce potens eadera currit per signa rotarum, 
Surgit odoratis pariter formosus ab Indis 
^theretam pecus albenti qui cogit Olyrapo 
Mane vocans, & serus agens in pascua cseli, 



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De Idea Vlatonica. 

Teinporis & gemino dispertit regna colore. 

Futget, obitque vices alterno Delia comu, 

Cferuleumque ignem paribus complectitur ulnis. 

Nee variant eleraenta fidem, solitdque fragore 

Lurida perculsas jacuiantur fulmina rupes. 

Nee per inane furit leviori myrraure Corns, 

Stringit & armiferos tequali horrore Gelonos 

Trux Aqiiilo, spiratque hyemeni, nimbosque volutat. 

Utque solet, Siculi diverberat ima Pelori 

Rex maris, & rauca circumstrepit sequora concha 

Oceani TubLcen, nee vastS. mole minorem 

j^gseona ferunt dorso Ealearica cete. 

Sed neque Terra tibi ssecli vigor ille vetusti 

Priscus abest, servatque suum Narcissus odorem, 

Et puer ille suum tenet & puer ille decorem 

Phcebe tuusque & Cypri tuus, nee ditior olim 

Terra datum seeleri celavit montibus aurum 

Conscia, vel sub aquis gemmas. Sic denique in ievi 

Ibit cunctarum series justissima rerum, 

Donee flamma orbem populabitur ultima, late 

Circumplexa polos, & vasti culmina cseli; 

Ingentique rogo flagrabit machina mundi. 



De Idea Platonica qUemadmodum 

Aristoteles intellextt. 

DiciTE sacrorum presides nemonim dese, 
Tuque O noveni perbeata numinis 
Memoria mater, quieque in immense procul 
Antro recumbis otiosa ^^ternitas, 
Monuments servans, & ratas leges Jovis, 
Cselique fastos atque ephemeridas Deiim, 
Quis ilk primus cujus ex imagine 
Natura sellers finxit bumanum genus, 
.^ternus, incorruplus, sequKVUS polo, 
Unusque & universus, exemplar Dei ? 
Haud ille Palladia gemellus innutwe 
Interna proles insidet menti Jovis; 
Sed quamlibet natura sit communior, 

(.ij) 



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^Miscellaneous Toems. 

Tamen seorsiis extat ad morem unius, 
Et, mira, certo strmgitur sjutio loci, 
Seu sempiternus ille syderum comes 
Geli pererrat ordines decemplicis, 
Citimimve tern's incolit Lunse globum 
Sive inter animas corpus ad:turas sedens 
Obliviosas torpet ad Lethes aquas 
Sive in remoli forte terrarum plaga 
Incedit ingens hominis archetypus gigas, 
Et diis tremendus erigit celsum caput 
Atlante major portitore syderum. 
Non cui profundum csecitas lumen dedit 
Diraeus augur vidit hunc alto sinu; 
Non hunc silenti nocte Pleiones nepos 
Vatum sagaci prsepes ostendit choro; 
Non hunc sacerdos novit Assyrius, licet 
Longos vetosti commemoret atavos Nini, 
Priscnmque Belon, inclytiimque Osiridem. 
Non ille trino gioriosus nomine 
Ter magnus Hermes (ut sit arcani sciens) 
Talem reliqoit Isidis cultoribus. 
At tu perenne ruris Academi decus 
(Hiec monstra si tu primus induxti scholis) 
jam jam poetas urbis exules tuse 
Revocabis, ipse fabulator maximus, 
Aut institutor ipse migrabis foras. 



Ad Patrem. 

Nunc raea Pierios cupiam per pectora fontes 
Irriguas torquere vias, totumque per ora 
Volvere laxatum gemino de vertice rivum ; 
Ut tenues oblita sonos audacibus alis 
Surgat in officium venerandi Musa parentis. 
Hoc utcunque tibi gratum pater optime carmen 
Exiguum meditator opus, nee novimus ipsi 
Aptiiis a nobis quK possint munera donis 
Respondere tuis, quamvis nee maxima possint 
Respondere tuis, nedum ut par gratia donis 
Esse queat, vacuis qute redditur arida verbis. 
(154) 



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(L^d 'Patrem. 

Sed tamen hsec nostros ostendit pagina census, 
Et quod habemus opum charti numeravinius ista, 
QuK mihi sunt nuUte, nisi quas dedit aurea Clio 
Quas mihi semoto somni peperere sub antro, 
Et nemoris laureta sacri Parnassides umbrEe. 

Nee tu vatis opus divinum despice carmen, 
Quo nihil sethereos ortus, & semina cseli, 
Ni! magis humanam commendat origine mentem, 
Sancta Prometh^K retinens vestigia flammEe. 20 

Carmen amant superi, tremebundaque Tartars carmen 
Ima ciere valet, divosque Ijgare profundos, 
Et triplici duros Manes adamante coercet. 
Carmine sepositi retegunt arcana futuri 
Phcebades, & tremulse pallentes ora Sibyllse ; 
Carmina sacrificus solennes pangit ad aras 
Aurea sen sternit motantem cornua tanrum; 
Sen ciim fata sagax furaantibus abdita fibris 
Consulit, & tepidis Parcam scrutatur in extJs. 
Nos etiam patriunt tunc cum repetemus Olympum, 30 
iEternreque morse stabunt immobilis sevi, 
Ibimus auratis per cfeli templa coronis, 
Dulcia suaviloquo sociantes carmina plectro, 
Astra quibus, geminique poU convexa sonabunt. 
Spiritus & rapidos qui circinat igneus orbes. 
Nunc quoque sydereis intercinit ipse choreis 
Immortale melos, & inenarrabile caimen ; 
Torrida dum rutilus compescit sibila serpens, 
Demissoque ferox gladio mansuescit Orion ; 
Stellarum nee sentit onus Maurusius Atlas. 40 

Carmina regales epuias omare solebant, 
Cum nondum luxus, vastseque imniensa vorago 
NoCa gulfe, & modico spumabat ccena Lyteo. 
Turn de more sedens festa ad convivia vates 
J&scMltk intonsos redimitus ab arbore crines, 
Heroumque actus, imitandaque gesta canebat, 
Et chaos, & positi latfe fundamina mundi, 
Reptantesque Deos, & alentes numjna glandes, 
Et nondum ^Cneo qusesitum fulmen ab antro. 
Denique quid vocis modulamen inane juvabit, 50 

Verborum sensusque vacans, nuraerique loquacis? 
Silvestres decet iste choros, non Orphea cantus. 
Qui tenuit fiuvios & quercubus addidit aures 

(■S6) 



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^^Miscellaneous Toems. 

Carmine, non cithara, simulachraque fiincta canendo 
Compulit in lacrymas ; habet has k carmine laudes. 

Nee tu perge precor sacras conteninere Musas, 
Nee vanas inopesque puta, quarum ipse peritus 
Munere, mille sonos numeros componis ad aptos, 
Minibus & vocem modulis variare canoram 
Doctus, Arionii nieritb sis nominis h^res. ( 

Nunc tibi quid mirum, si me genuisse poetam 
ContigeriE, charo si tam prop^ sanguine juncti 
Cognatas artes, studiumque alEne sequamur : 
Ipse volens Phcebus se dispertire duobus. 
Altera dona mihi, dedit altera dona parenti, 
Dividuumque Deum genitorque puerque tenemus. 

Tu tamen ut simules teneras odisse camtenas, 
Non odisse reor, neque enim, pater, ire jubebas 
Qua via lata patet, qua pronior area lucri, 
Certaque condendi fulget spes aurea nummi : ; 

Nee rapis ad leges, malfe custoditaqae gentis 
Jura, nee insuisis damnas clamoribus aures. 
Sed magis excultam cupiens ditescere mentem, 
Me procul urbano strepitu, secessibus altis 
Abductum AoniK jucunda per otia ripse 
PhcebEeo lateri comitem sinis ire beatum, 
Officium chari taceo commune parentis, 
Me poscunt majora, tuo pater optime sumptu 
Ctim mihi RomuleEe patuit facundia linguae, 
Et Latii veneres, & quse Jovis ora decebant f 

Grandia magniloquis elata vocabula Graiis, 
Addere suasisti quos jactat Gallia flores, 
Et quam degeneri novus Italus ore loquelam 
Fundit, Barbaricos testatus voce tumultus, 
Quieque Paltestinus loquitur mysteria vates. 
Denique quicquid habet cjelum, subjectaque ccelo 
Terra parens, terrjeque & ccelo interiluus aer, 
Quicquid & unda tegit, pontique agitabile marmor. 
Per te nosse licet, per te, si nosse libebit. 
Dimotdque venit spectanda scientia nube, c 

Nudaque conspicuos inclinat ad oscula vultus, 
Ni fugisse velim, ni sit lib^sse molestum. 

I nunc, confer opes quisquis malesanus avitas 
Austriaci gazas, Periianaque regna prteoptas. 
Quse potuit majora pater tribuisse, vel ipse 



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Tsalm 114. 



Jupiter, excepto, donSsset ut omnia, ccelo? 

Not! potiora dedit, quamvis & tuta fuissent, 

Publica qui juveni commisit iumina nato 

Atque Hyperionios currus, & fr^ena diei, 

Et circfim undantem radiata luce tiaram. 

Ergo ego jam doctje pars quamlibet i 

Victrices hederas inter, laurosque sedebo, 

Jamque nee obscurus populo miscebor inerti, 

Vitabuntque oculos vestigia nostra profanos. 

Este procul yigiles curse, procul este querela, 

Invidijeque acies transverso lortilis hirquo, 

Sfeva nee anguiferos extende Calumnia rietus ; 

In me triste nihil fedissima turba potestis, 

Nee vestri sum juris ego ; securaque tutus 

Pectora, vipereo gradiar sublimis ab ictu. 1 

At tibi, chare pater, postquam non ^qua merenti 
Posse referre datur, nee dona rependere faetis, 
Sit memorasse satis, repetitaque munera grato 
Percensere animo, fidfeque reponere menti. 

Et vos, O nostri, juvenilia carmina, lusus, 
Si modo perpetuos sperare audebitis annos, 
Et domini superesse rogo, lucemque tueri, 
Nee spisso rapient oblivia nigra sub Oreo, 
Forsitan has laudes, decantatumque parentis 
Nomen, ad exempluni, sero servabitis sevo. 



Psalm 114. 

ItrpcuJX Bre iroISet, St aykaa </)i;X' 'lairffl/3ou 

Aiyujrrioc Xiire B^fiow, a^f)(6ea, ^ap^apai^navoB, 

Aq nire lusxivov tijp oaioi' yivos vui louSa' 

Ev hi Bios \ao~uTt n^ya Kpilav ^aaihevtv. 

EiiSe, Koi er^poiraSijP 0iryo6' fpparjiri SaXairira 

KiifiaTi fiXv/iifTj poBitf, oS ap tOTVI^cKixSri 

'\pos ^lop&dinjs TTOTX dpyvpoflhia jn^qp. 

Ek 8' Spta UKapSiuiiirn' airtipfuia kXowdbto, 

'Sis KplOi o^piyo^vTtf fVTpaffitpa tv dKu^. 

Baiortpoi 5" 5fMJ irdirat avaimipnjiTOi' epiirvai, 

Ola irupai oipiyyi "Jiftij iai pr/ript vpves. 

TiTTxe (riy' olva flaXoirua nilngp rpiiyaS' ippiiTjaas; 



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^Miscellaneous Toems. 

'Ipos 'lopSdi^ 7!0ti apyvpofiSia ■nr/y^v; 
Tin-T Spea (TKapOpmaiv aatipiaia jAoweeSe 
'Gs Kpol CTc^piydcoiiT*! tiirpaipfpa tv dXojq ; 
BatOTf'pai Ti 6' ap' vppcs dmo-KipTTjirar ephrvaij 
Ola Tiopai o-ipiyyi ^lAj utto /iijrt'pi apwij 
2ti'(o yoin Tp«)Uo-(i fltii" ptyaX' fKrvncoiTa 
raia, ftoc rpiiova-' viriiToy iri^as 'la-truniSao 
'Os Tt KHi *K irmAdfia)!' jrorofiDU! ;(« (lopjiipowns 
KpijujiT' dfraoj' irtrpijE ilno SnKpvoEcrij-ijr, 



Philosophus ad recent quendam qui eum ignotum 

^ insontem inter reos forte cabtum hucius 

damnaverat t^v £^< QavaTuj 7rcfetJof*evs?-y 

htec subito misit. 



Q Sva (I 6\finjs pi Tov (VBopov, ou6f lie' av^piov 
Atiy&v oXios SpiiiraiTo, o-o^oiraroi' fo'A icdpijimp 
Pij'iBlW if^eXoio, ToS" viTTCpoii aSSi vnqiTfll, 
Mni/' fiuTOit 8' dp' ETTEiro ;(pc!iw fwXn iroXXiii ^Siipij, 



In Effigiei ejus Sculptorem. 

rtXnre iJxiuXou fluo-pifi^jta (ll>ypd^pav. 



-Ad Sahillum poetam T^manum agrotantem. 
SCAZONTES. 
O MUSA gressum quje volens traliis ciaudum, 
Vulcanioque tarda gaudes incessu, 
Nee sentis illud in loco minus gratum, 



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CL/fd Salsillum poetam Romanum. 

Qu^m cfam decentes flava Deiope suras 
Alternat aureum ante Junonis lectum, 
Adesdum & h^ec s'is verba panca Salsillo 
Refer, camcena nostra cni tantum est cordi, 
Quamque ille magnis prsetulit immeritb divis. 
H;ec et^o akiinnus ille Londini Milto, 
Diebus hisce qui suum linquens iiidum 
Polique tractuR), (pessimus ubi ventorum, 
Insanientis irapotensque pulmonis 
Pernix anhela sub Jove exercet flabra) 
Venit feraces Itali soli ad glebas. 
Visum superbjl cognitas urbes fam4 
Virosque doct£eque indolem juventutis, 
Tibi optat idem hie fausta niulta Salsille, 
Habitumque fesso corpori penittis sanum ; 
Cui nunc profunda bilis infestat renes, 
Prfecordiisque fixa damnosiim spirat. 
Nee id pepercit impia quod tu Romano 
Tam cultus ore Lesbium eondis melos. 
O dulce divum munus, O salus Hebes 
Germana I Tuque Phcebe morborum terror 
Pythone cteso, sive tu niagis Pfean 
Libenter audis, hie tuus sacerdos est. 
Querceta Fauni, vosque rore vitioso 
Colles ben^ni, mitis Euandri sedes, 
Siquid salubre vallibus frondet vestris, 
Levamen jegro ferte certatim vati. 
Sic ille charis redditus rursiim Musis 
Vicina dulci prata mulcebit cantu. 
Ipse inter atros emirabitur lucos 
Numa, ubi beatum degit otium Eetemum, 
Suam reclivis semper jEgeriam spectans. 
Tumidusque & ipse Tibris hinc delinitus 
Spei favebit annme colonorum : 
Nee in sepulchris ibit obsessum reges 
Nimiiim sinistro laxus irruens loro ; 
Sed frana melius temperabit undarum, 
Adusque curvi salsa regna Portumni. 



(>») 



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<LMisc(;llaneous Toems. 



Mansus. 

Joannes BapUsta Mansus Mardiio Villatsis vir mgeiiii laude, turn likramm 
studio, nee iion & bellied virtuie apud JIalos dams hi pHmis ^st. Ad quern 
TetrquaiiTassidialogHsextat de Amiciiia scripius ; eratenim Tassi aniicissimus j 
ab quo tiiam inler Campanile prindpes cekbraiur, in illo poemate cui Ululus 
Gerusalemme conquistaCa, lib. so. 

Fra cavalier magnanimi, 6 cortesi 
Risplende il Manao— — - 

Is aulhorent NeeipoU amtmoranletn sttmnia benevoltHtid ptosecHius est, multa- 
gae ei delititt hmnanitalis offida. Ad hune itaque hospes ills antequaiK ab ed 
urbe discederei. Hi «e mgralum se osieiiderel, hoc carmen misil. 

Hmc quoque Manse tuse meditantur carmma laudi 
PJerides, tibi Manse choro notissime Phrebi, 
Quandoquidero iUe alium baud sequo est dignatus honore, 
Post Galli cineres, & Mecsenatis Hetrusci. 
Tu quoque si nostra tatithm valet aura CamcenEe, 
Victrices hederas inter, laurosque sedebis. 
Te pridem magno felix concordia Tasso 
Junxit, & Eeternis inscripsit nomina cbartis, 
Mox tibi dulciloquum non inscia Musa Marinum 
Tradidit, ille tuum dJci se gaudet alumnum, lo 

Dum canit Assyrios divum prolixus amores ; 
Mollis & Ausonias stupefecit carmine nympbas. 
Ille itidem moriens tibi soli debita vates 
Ossa tibi soli, supremaque vota reliquit. 
Nee manes pietas tua chara fefellit amici. 
Vidimus arridentem operoso ex Eere poetam. 
Nee satis hoc visum est in utrumque, & nee pia cessant 
Officia in tumulo, cupis integros rapere Oreo, 
Quh potes, atque avidas Parcarura eludere leges : 
Amborum genus, & varia sub sorte peractam 20 

Describis vttam, moresque, & dona Minervje ; 
^mulus illius Mycalen qui natus ad altam 
Uettulit jEolii vitam facundus Homeri. 
Ergo ego te Clifls & magni nomine Phcebi 
Manse pater, jubeo longum salvere per jevum 
Missus Hyperboreo juvenis peregrinus ab axe. 
Nee tu longinquam bonus aspernabere Musam, 
Qu£e nuper gelida vix enutrita sub Arcto 
(160) 



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zJMansus. 

Imprudens Italas ausa est volitare per urbes. 
Nos etiam in nostro modulantes flumine cygnos 
Credimus obscuras noctis sensisse per umbras, 
Qua Thamesis latb puris argenteus umis 
Oceani glaucos perfundit gurgite crines. 
Quin & in has quondam pervenit Tityrus oras. 
Sed neque nos genus incultum, nee inutile Phcebo, 
Quk plaga septeno mundi sulcata Trione 
Brumalem patitur longi sub nocte Boiiten. 
Nos etiam colimus Phcebum, nos munera Phcebo 
Flaventes spicas, & lutea mala canistris, 
Halantemque crocum (perhibet nisi vana vetustas) 
Misimus, & lectas Druidum de gente choreas. 
(Gens Druides antiqua sacris operata deorum 
Heroum laudes imitandaque gesta canebant) 
Hinc quoties festo cingunt altaria cantu 
Delo in herbosit Graise de more puell» 
Carminibus Uetis memotant Corine'ida Loxo, 
Fatidicamque Upin, cum flavicomi Hecaerge 
Nuda Caledonio variatas pectora fuco. 
Fortunate senex, ergo quacunque per orbem 
Torquati decus, & nomen celebrabitur ingens, 
Claraque perpetui succrescet fama Marini, 
Tu quoque in ora frequens venies plausumque virorum, 
Et parili carpes iter immortale volatu. 
Dicetur tum spoiite tuos habitasse penates 
Cynthius, & famulas venisse ad limina Musas : 
At non sponte domum tamen idem, & regis adivit 
Rura PheretiadEe cselo fligitivus Apollo ; 
Ille licet magnum Alciden susceperat hospes; 
Tantim ubi clamosos placuit vitare bubukos, 
Nobile mansueti cessit Chironis in antrum, 
Irriguos inter saltus frondosaque tecta 
Peneium prope rivum : ibi ssepe sub ilice nigii 
Ad citharse strepitum blanda prece victus amici 
Exilii duros lenibat voce labores. 
Tum neque ripa suo, barathro nee fixa sub imo, 
Saxa stetere loco, nutat Trachinia rupes, 
Nee sentit solitas, immania pondera, silvas, 
Emotseqiie suis properant de collibus orni, 
Mulcenturque novo maculosi carmine lynces. 
Diis dilecte senex, te Jupiter jequus oportet 
{■6.) 



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^dMiscellaneous Toems. 

Nascentem, & miti lustrarit lumine Phcebus, 
Atlantisque nepos ; neque enim nisi charus ab ovtu 
Diis superis poterit magno favisse poetae. 
Hinc longKva tibi lento sub flore senectus 
Vernat, & ^sonios lucratur vivida fusos, 
Nondum deciduos servans tibi frontis honores, 
IngenJumque vigens, & adultum mentis acumen. 
O mihi si mea sors talem concedat amicum 
Phcebieos decorSsse viros qui tam bene norit, 
Si quaiido indigenas revocabo in carniina reges, 
Arturumque etiam sub terris bella moventem ; 
Aut dicam invictse sociali fcedere mensEe, 
Magnanimos Heroas, & (O modo spiritus ad sit) 
Frangam Saxonicas Britonum sub Marte phalanges. 
Tandem ubi non tacitK permensus tempora vitse, 
Annoruraque satur cineri sua jura retinquam, 
Ille mihi lecto madidis astaret ocellis, 
Astanti sat erit si dicam sim tibi curse; 
Ille meos artus liventi morte solutos 
Curaret parva componi moUiter umS.. 
Forsitan & nostros ducat de marmore vultus, 
Nectens aut Paphifl. myrti aut Parnasside lauri 
Eronde comas, at ego secura pace quiescam. 
Tum quoque, si qua fides, si prtemia certa bonorum. 
Ipse ego cEelicolfim semotus in Eethera div&m, 
Qu() labor & mens pura vebunt, atque ignea virtus 
Secret! h^c aliqu^ mundi de parte videbo 
(Quantum fata sinunt) & tota mente serenum 
Ridgns purpureo suffundar lumine vultus 
Et simul ^thereo plaudam mihi Ifetus Olympo. 



(i'.) 



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Efitaphium Damonis. 



EPITAPHIUM 

DAMONIS. 

Argtimentuin. 

Thyrsis & Damon ejusdem vicinire Pastores, eadem studia sequufi a 
pueritia amiei erant, ut qui plurimmn. Thyrsis animi causa profectus peregr^ 
de obitu Damonis nuncium accepit, ^Domjim postea reyersus, & rem ita esse 
comperto, se, suamque solitudinem hoc carmine deploral. Damonis autem 
sub persona hic intelligitur Carolus Deodatus ex urbe Hetrurias Luca patetno 
genere oriundus, cetera Anglus ; ingenio, doctrina, darissimisque CEeteris 
virtutibus, dum viveret, juvenis egregius. 

. HiMERiDES nymph^e (^m ^tos & Daphnin & Hylan, 
Et plorata diu meministis fata Bionis) 
Dicite Siceliciim Thamesina per oppida caimen : 
Quas miser effudit voces, quae murmura Thyrsis, 
Et quibus assiduis exercuit antra querelis, 
Fluminaque, fontesque vagos, nemorumque recessus, 
Dum sibi prsereptum qiieritur Damona, neque altam 
Luctibus esemit noctem loca sola pererrans. 
Et jam bis viridi surgebat culmus arista, 
Et totidem flavas numerabant horrea messes, lo 

Ex quo summa dies tulerat Damona sub umbras. 
Nee dum aderat Thyrsis; pastorem scilicet ilium 
Dulcis amor Musse Thusca retinebat in urbe, 
Ast ubi mens expleta domum, pecorisque relicti 
Cura vocat, simul assueti sedftque sub ulmo, 
Turn vero amissum turn denique sentit amicum, 
Ccepit & i mm en sum sic exonerare doloreni. 

Ite domtim irapasti, domino jam non vacat, agni. 
Hei mihi ! quje terris, qufe dicam numina ccelo, 
Postquam te immiti rapuerunt funere Damon ; so 

Siccine nos linquis, tua sic sine nomine virtus 
Ibit, & obscuris numero sociabitur umbris ? 
At non ille, animas virga qui dividit aurea, 
Ista velit, dignumque tui te ducat in agmen, 
Ignavumque procul pecus arceat omne sikntum. 
(163) M 2 



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^^Miscellaneous Toems. 

Ite domum impasti, domino jam non vacat, agni. 
Qiiicquid erit, certfe nisi me lupus antfe videbit, 
Indeplorato non comminuere sepulchre, 
Constabitque tuus tibi honos, longiimque vigebit 
Inter pastores : lilt tibi vota secundo 
Solvere post Daphnin, post Daphnin dicere laudes 
Gaudebunt, dum nira Pales, dum Faunus aniabit : 
Si quid id est, priscamque fidem coluisse, pitlmque, 
Palladiisque artes, sodiimque habuisse canorum. 

Ite domum impasti, domino jam non vacat, agni. 
Hffic tibi certa manent, tibi erunt hsec prjemia Damon ; 
At mihi quid tandem liet modb? quis mihi fidus 
Hferebit lateri comes, ut tu stepe solebas 
Frigoribus duns, & per loca fceta pruinis, 
Ant rapido sub sole, siti morientibus herbis? 
Sive opus in magnos fuit eminfis ire leones 
Aut avidos terrere lupos prseseptbus altis ; 
Quis fando sopire diem, cantuqjie solebit? 

Ite domum impasti, domino jam non vacat, agni. 
Pectora cui credam? quis me lenire docebit 
Mordaces curas, quis longam fallere noctem 
Dulcibus alloquiis, grato cfim sibilat igni 
Molle pyrum, & nucibus strepitat focus, at malus auster 
Miscet cuncta foris, & desuper intonat ulmo. 

Ite domum impasti, domino jam non vacat, agni. 
Aut estate, dies medio dum vertitur axe. 
Cum Pan ffiscule^ somnum capit abdilus umbrS, 
Et repetunt sub aquis sibi nota sedilia nymph;e. 
Pastoresque latent, stertit sub sepe colonus, 
Quis mihi blanditi^que tuas, quis tum mihi risus, 
Cecropiosque sales referet, cultosque lepores? 

Ite domum impasti, domino jam non vacat, agni. 
At jam solus agros, jam pascua solus oberro, 
Sicubi raraosEe densantur valiibus umbrse. 
Hie serum expecto, supra caput imber & Eurus 
Triste sonant, fractfeque agitata crepuscula silvje. 

Ite domum impasti, domino jam non vacat, agni. 
Heu qu^m culta mihi priiis arva procacibus herbis 
Involvuntur, & ipsa situ seges a!ta fatiscit ! 
Innuba neglecto marcescit & uva racerao, 
Nee myrteta juvant ; ovium quoque tfedet, at illse 
Moerent, inque suum convertunt era magistrum. 
(■64) 



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Epitaphium Damonis. 

lie domum impasti domino jam non vacat agni- 
Ttyu ad C07I0 vo t Alphe bccu ad o no 
\& sal ces jEgo ad flu na pulcl er An j ta 
HI gel d fontes h c 11 ta gran na mu co 
Htc Zephy hie ptac da& te strep t a butus undas 
Ista ca unt surdo frut ces ego na tus ab baro 

Ite do nun n past don no jan non vacat ag 
Mopsus ad h^c nan e edeutitem forte notarat 
(Et callebat a u 1 guas 8. sjde a Mopsu ) 
11 J s qu d ho ? d t quEe te coqu t n p oba bis? 
\ut te pe d t a or aut te n alfe fa c nat ast un 
b turn gra e s'^pe fu t pasto bus ast un 
Int n a jue obi quo fig t pnecord a plun 1 o 

Ite don u n mpas dom no ja no acat agn 
Mirantui nymphfe, is. quid te Thyrsi futurum est. 
Quid tibi vis? ajunt. non hjec solet esse juventse 
Nubila frons, oculique truces, vultusque severi, 
Ilk chores, lususque leves, & semper amorem 
Jure petit, bis ille miser qui serus aniavit. 

Ite domum impasti, domino jam non vacat, agni. 
Venit Hyas, DryopSque, & filia Baucidis j4!gle 
Docta modos, citharjeque sciens, sed perdita fastu, 
Venit Idumanii Chloris vicina fluenti ; 
Nil me blanditife, nil me solantia verba, 
Nil me, si quid adest, movet, aut spes uila futuri. 

Ite domum impasti, domino jam non vacat, agni. 
Hei mihi quam similes ludunt per prata juvenci, 
Omnes unanimi secum sibi lege sodales, 
Nee magis hunc alio quisquam secernit amicum 
De grege, sic densi veniunt ad pabula thoes, 
Inque vicem hirsuti paribus junguntur onagri ; 
Lex eadem pelagi, deserto in littoie Proteus 
Agmina Phocarum numetat, vilisque volucrum i 

Passer habet semper quicum sit, & omnia circum 
Farra libens volitet, serb sua tecta revisens, 
Quem si fors letho objecit, seu milvus adunco 
Fata tulit rostro, seu stravit arundine fossor, 
Protinus iUe alium socio petit inde volatu. 
Nos durum genus, & diris exercita fatis 
Gens homines aliena animis, &: pectore discors. 
Vis sibi quisque parem de millibus invenit unum, 
Aut si sors dederit tandem non aspera votis, 

(■'s) 



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zJMiscellaneous Voems, 

Ilium inopina dies qu§, non speraveris horS i 

Surripit, sternum linquens in stecula damnum. 

Ite doraum impasti, domino jam non vacat, agni. 
Heu quis me ignotas traxit vagus error in oras 
Ite per aereas rupes, Alpemque nivosam ! 
Ecquid erat tanti Romam vidJsse sepultam? 
Quamvis iUa foret, qualem duni viseret olim, 
Tityrus ipse suas & oves & rura reliquit; 
Ut te tarn dulci possem caruisse sodale, 
Possem tot maria alta, tot interponere montes, 
Tot sylvas, tot saxa tibi, fluviosque sonantes, i 

Ah cert^ extremJim licuisset tangere dextram, 
Et bene compositos placide morientis ocellos, 
Et.dixisse vale, nostri memot ibis ad astra. 

Ite domum impasti, domino jam non vacat, agni. 
Quamquam etiam vestri nunquam meminisse pigebit 
Pastores Thusci, Musis operata juventus, 
Hie Charis, atque Lepos ; & Thuscus tu quoque Damon, 
Antiqui genus unde petis LucumonSs ab urbe. 
O ego quantus eram, gelidj cum stratus ad Arni 
Murmura, populeumque nemus, quJi moUior herba, i 
Carpere nunc violas, nunc summas carpere myrtos, 
Et potui Lycidje certantem audire Menalcam. 
Ipse etiam tentare ausus sum, nee puto multJim 
Displicui, nam sunt & apud me munera vestra 
Fiscellfe, calathique & cerea vincla cicutse, 
Quin & nostra suas docuerunt nomina fagos 
Et Datis, & Francinus, erant & vocibus ambo 
Et sCudiis noti, Lydorum sanguinis ambo. 

Ite domum impasti, domino jam non vacat, agni. 
Hfec mihi turn lieto dictabat roscida luna, i 

Dum solus teneros claudebam cratibus htedos. 
Ah quoties dixi, ciim te cinis ater habebat. 
Nunc canit, aut lepori nunc tendit retia Damon, 
Vimina nunc texit, varies sibi quod sit in usus ; 
Et quEe tum facili sperabam mente futura 
Arripui voto levis, & prresentia finxi, 
Heus bone nuraquid agis? nisi te quid forte retardat 
Imus? & arguta pauliim recubamus in umbra, 
Aut ad aquas Colni, aut ubi jugera Cassibelauni ? 
Til mihi percurres medicos, tua gramina, succos, i 

Hellebordmque, humilesque crocos, foliiimque hyacinthi, 
(.66) 



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Epitaphium Damonis. 

Quasque habet ista palus herbas, artesque medentum, 

Ah pereant herbEe, pereant artesque medentQm 

Gramma, postquam ipsi nil profecere magistro. 

Ipse etiam, nam riescio quid mihi grande sonabat 

Fistula, ab undecim^, jam lux est altera nocte, 

Et turn forte novis admSram labra cicutis, 

Dissiluere tamen rupta compage, nee ultra 

Ferre graves potuere sonos, dubito quoque ne sim 

Turgidulusj tamen & referam, vos cedite silvse. \6a 

Ite domum irapasti, domino jam non vacat, agni. 
Ipse ego Dardanias Rutupina per ^quora puppes 
Dicam, & Pandrasidos regnum vetus InogeniK, 
Brenn^mque Arviragumque duces, priscumque Belinum, 
Et tandem Armoricos Britonum sub lege colonos ; 
Tcm gravidam Arturo fatali fraude Jogernen 
Mendaces vuitus, assumptaque Gorlois arma, 
Merlini dolus. O mihi turn si vita supers it, 
Tu procul annosa pendebis fistula pinu 

Multtim oblita mihi, aut patriis mUtata camcenis lyo 

Brittonicum strides, quid enim? omnia non licet uni 
Non sperSsse uni licet omnia, mi satis ampla 
Merces, & mihi grande decus {sim ignotus in sevum 
Tum licet, externo penitiisque inglorius orbi) 
Si me flava comas legal XJsa, & potor Alauni, 
Vorticibiisque frequens Abra, & nemus omne Treanlie, 
Et Thamesis meus ante omnes, & fusca inetalHs 
Tamara, & extremis me discant Orcades undis. 

Ite domum impasti, domino jam non vacat, agni. 
Hsec tibi servabam lenta sub cortice lauri, i8o 

Hsec, & plura simul, tum qute mihi pocula Mansus, 
Mansus Chalcidiae non ultima gloria ripje 
Bina dedit, mirum artis opus, mirandus & ipse, 
El circiim gemino cfelaverat ai^mento : 
In medio rubri maris unda, & odoriferum ver 
Littora longa Arabum, & sudantes balsama silvse, 
Has inter Phcenix divina avis, unica terris 
Cseruleim fuJgens diversi colon bus alls 
Auroram vitreis surgeniem respidt undis. 
Parte alia polus omnipatens, & magnus Olympus; igo 

Quis putet? hie quoque Amor, pictseque in nube pharetrje, 
Arma corusca faces, & spicula tincta pyropo; 
Nee tenues animas, pectiisque ignobile vulgi 
(■»7) 



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'^^Miscellaneous Toems. 

Hinc ferit, at circiim fiammantia lumifia torquens 
Semper in erectum spargit sua tela per orbes 
Impiger, & pronos nunquara colliniat ad ictus, 
Hinc mentes ardere sacrse, forniEeque deorum. 

Tu quoque in his, nee me fallit spes lubrica Damon, 
Tu quoque in his certfe es, nam quS tua dulcis abiret 
Sanct^ue simplicitas, nam qub tua Candida virtus? 
Nee te Lethteo fas qujesivisse sub oreo, 
Nee tibi conveniunt lacrymse, nee flebimus ultra, 
Ite procul lacrymse, purum eolit Eetheca Damon, 
^thera purus habet, pluvium pede reppulit arcuni ; 
Heroiimque animas inter, divdsque perennes, 
^thereos haurit latices & gaudia potat 
Ore Sacro. Quin tu cceli post jura recepta 
Dexter ades, placidiisque fave quieiinque vocaris, 
Seu tu noster eris Damon, sive tequior audis 
Diodotus, quo te divino nomine cuncti 
Ccelicote n6rint, sylvisque vocabere Damon. 
Quod tibi purpureus pudor, & sine labe juventus 
Grata fuit, quod nulla tori libata voluptas. 
En etiam tibi virginei servantur honores ; 
Ipse caput nitidum cinctus rutilante corona, 
Letaque frondentis gestans umbracula palm^ 
.Internum perages immortales hymenjeos ; 
Cantus ubi, choreisque furit lyra mista beatis, 
Festa Sionxo bacchantur & Orgia Thyrso. 



Finis. 



(.68) 



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(LAd yoannem Rousium. 

[Added in Second Edition, 1673.] 
Jan. 23. i6j^6. 

Ad Joannem Housium Oxoniensis Academic 
Bibliothecarium. 



Strophe i. 
Gemelle cultu simplici gaudens liber, 
Fronde licet gemini, 
Munditi^que nitens non operosa, 
Quam manus attulit 
Juvenilis olim, 

Sedula tamen haud nimii Poetfe; 
Dum vagus Ausonias nunc per umbras 
Nunc Britannica per vireta lusit 
Insons populi, barbitdque devius 
Indulsit patrio, mox itJdem pectine Daunio 
Longinquum intonuit melos 
Vicinis, & humum vix tetigit pede; 

Antistrophe. 
Quis te, parve liber, quis te fratribus 
Subduxit reliquis dolo? 
Cum tu missus ab urbe, 
Docto jugiter obsecrante amico, 
lUustre tendebas iter 
Thamesis ad incunabula 
Cserulei patris, 
Fontes ubi limpidi 
Aonidum, thyasusque sacer 
Orbi notus per immensos 
Temporum lapsus redeunte ccelo, 
Celeberque faturus in Eevum ; 



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<L%iiscellaneous Toems. 

Strophe 2. 
Modb quis deus, aut editus deo 
Pristinam geiitis miseratus indolem 
{Si satis noxas luimus priores 
Mollique luxu degener otium) 
Tollat nefandos civium tumultus, 
Alraaque revocet studia sanctus 3 

Et relegatas sine sede Musas 
Jam penfe totis iinibus Angligenum; 
Immundasque volucres 
Unguibus imminentes 
Figat Apollinea pharetr^, 
Phin&mqtie abigat pestem procul amne Pegaseo, 



Quit! tu, libelJe, nuntii licet mal^ 

Fide, vel oscitantiS. 

Semel erraveris agmine fratrum, 

Seu quis te teneat specus, 

Seu qua te latebra, forsan unde vili 

Callo tereris institoris insulsi, 

Lfetare felix, en iterum tibi 

Spes nova fulget posse profundam 

Fugere Lethen, vehique Superam 

In Jo vis aulam remige penna; 

Strophe 3. 
Nam te Roiisius sui 
Optat pecult, numerdque justo 
Sibi pollicitum queritur abesse, 
Rogatque venias ille cujus inclyta 
Sunt data virflm monumenta curse : 
Teque adytis etiam sacris 
Voluit reponi quibus & ipse prsesidet 
^temorum operum cnstos fidelis, 
QuEestorque gazte nobilioris, 
Qukm cui prsefuit Ion 
Clarus F.rechtheides 
Opulenta dei per templa parentis 
Fulvosque tripodas, donaque Delpiiica 
Ion ActEea genitus Creusa. 
(■!■>) 



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<LAd yoannem Rousium. 

Antistrophe. 
Ergo tu visere lucos 
Musarum ibis amceiios, 
Diamque Phcebi rursus ibis in domum 
Oxonia quam valle colit 
De!o posthabita, 
Bi6d(5que Pamassi jugo : 
Ibis honestus, 

Postquam egregiam tu quoque sortera 
Nactus abis, dextri prece soUicitatus amici. 
Illic leg^ris inter alta nomina ;o 

Authorum, Graise simul & Latinre 
Antiqua gentis lumina, & verum decus. 

Epodos. 
Vos tandem baud vacui mei labores, 
Quicquid hoc sterile fudit ingenium, 
Jam sero placidam sperare jubeo 
Perfunctam invidii requiem, sedesque beatas 
Quas bonus Hermes 
Et tutela dabit solers Roiisi, 

Quo neque lingua procax vulgi penetrabit, atque longfe 
Turba legentum prava facesset; 80 

At ultimi nepotes, 
Et cordatior jetas 
Judicia rebus Eequiora forsitan 
Adhibebit integro sinu. 
Turn livore sepulto, 
Si quid meremur sana posteritas sciet 
Roiisio favente. 

Ode tribus constat Strophis, totidemque Antistrophis una demum epodo 
clauBia, quas, tametai omnes nee versuum numero, iiec eertia ubique eolis 
exacts respondeant, ita tamen secuiraus, commode legeudi potms, quam ad 
antiquoB concmendi modos rationem spectantes. Alioquin hoc genus recti iis 
fortasse dici monostrophicum debuerat. Metra partini sunt KUTb. axlaiv, 
partint dva^tXv^uiv. Phaleucia qusE sunt, spondsum tertlo loco bis ad- 
mittunt, quod idem in secundo loco Catullus ad libitum fecit. 



(■»■) 



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byGoot^le 



PARADISE LOST. 



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Paradife loft. 
POEM 

Written in 

TEN BOOKS 

By JOHN MILTON. 



Licenfed and Entred according 
to Order. 



L 1^ D N 

Printed, and are to be fold by feter Parser 

vndtt Creed Ch\nch neer Aldgate i, And by 

R*liert B^klitr ar the Tu>kj Headin Bilho^(^ati-prm - 

And mttbfM Wuli^ , under St. Vinjjhnt Church 

in fhet-jhsei , iddj. 



Hosteob¥G(.)(.)glc 



ParadifeLoft. 
POEM 

IN 

TWELVE BOOKS. 



The Author 

JOHN MILTON. 



Cl)£ sttono lEOition 

Revifed and Augmented by tbe 
fame Author. 



LONDON, 

Printed by S. simmom next door to the 

Coiden Liofi in Alderfgate-Jinet^ 1674, 



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IN 

Paradisum Amissam 
Summi Poet^e 

JOHANNIS MILTONI. 

Qui legis Amissam Paradisum, gramma magni 

Carmina Miltoni, quid nisi cuncta legis f 
Res cututas, Sr" cunctamm primordta rerum, 

Ei fata, &' fines cenitnet isie liber. 
InHma ^anduniur magnt penetralia mundi, 

Scribitur &> toto quicquid in Orbe latet. 
TerreequB, traetusque maris, ccelumque profum&im 

Sulphuretanque Erebi flammivomumque specus. 
Qfiaqtu cohmt terras, Portutnqve &" Tarlara CiSCa, 

Qumque colunt summi lucida regna Poli. 
Et quodcunque ullis conclttsum est finibus usquam, 

Et sine fine Chaos, &* sine fine Deusj 
Et sine fine magis, si quid magis est sine fine. 

In Christo erga homines conciUatus amor. 
Hcec qui sferaret quis crederet esse futurum f 

Et tamen h^c hodie terra JBtitanna legit. 
O quantos in bella Duces ! qucB protultt arma / 

Qua canit, et quanta prcelia dira tttba. 
Cmlestes acies / atque in certamine Ctelum ! 

Et qua Cakstes Jiugna deceret agros ! 
Quantus in atkeriis toUit se Lucifer armis! 

Atque ipso gradiiur vix Michaele minor/ 
Quantis, &* quam junestis concurritur iris 

Dum/erus hie Stellas protegit, ille rapit! 
Dum vulsos Monies eeu Tela reciproca torquent, 

Et non mortali desuper igne pluunt: 
Stat dubius mi se parti concedat Olympus, 

Et metuit pugnce non superesse sum, 
(177) N 



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On 'Paradise host. 

At simui in emits Messia insigfda fulgent, 

Et currus animes, armaque digna Deo, 
Horrenduinqtu rotm strident, &■ s^zva rofarum 

Erumpunt torvis fielgura lumtmbus, 
Et flammce vibrant, &" vera tonitrua rauco 

Admistis flammis insonuere Polo: 
Excidit ationitis mens omnis, &> impetus otnnis 

Et cassis dexltis irrita Tela cadunt. 
Ad pmnas fugiunt, Sf ceu foret Orcus asylum 

Ittfemis certartt condere se tenebris, 
Cedite Roman! scriptores, cedile Grwi 

Et quos fama recerts vel celebravit anus. 
Hac quicunque leget tantum cecinisse putabit 

Mffioaidem ranas, Vii^ilium culUes. 



Paradise Lost. 

When I beheld the Poet bhnd, yet bold, 
In slender Book his vast Design unfold 
Messiah Crown'd, Gods Reconcil'd Decree 
Rebelling Angels, the Forbidden Tree 
Heav'n, Hell, Earth, Chaos, All ; the Argument 
Held me a wbiie misdoubting his Intent 
That he would mine [for 1 saw him strong) 
The sacred Truths to Fable and old Song 
(So Sampson groap'd the Temples Posts in spight) 
The World o'rewheltning' to revenge has ght 

Yet as I read, soon growing less severe 
I lik'd his Project, the success did fear 
Through that wide Field how he h s «ay should (ind 
hhlamFhldUdtdg blml 
L t h perpl d th th h Id plain 

A d wh t h h Id d 

OfWk fithp d 

J al 1 th t TO 1 kilf 1 h d 

(6 h d q Iw J h t 11 

And by 11 m t t g Id 11) 
M ght h p m th wh 1 C ti day 



Mj 



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On Taradise Lost. 

But I am now convinc'tl, and none wiO dare 

Within thy Labours to pretend a share. 

Thou hast not miss'd one thought that couid be tit, 

And all that was improper dost omit r 

So that no room is here for Writers left. 

But to detect their Ignorance or Theft. 

That Majesty which through thy Work doth Reign 
Draws the Devout, deterring the Profane. 
And things divine thou treatst of in such state 
Ab them pre=er\es and thee, inviolate 
At once delight and horrour on us seise 
Thou smgst with so much gra-\itj and ease 
And above humane flight dost soar aloft 
With Plume so strong so equal and so soft 
The B rd nam d from that Paradise >ou smg 
So never fla^s but alwajs keeps on Wing 

Where couldst thou words of such a compass find? 
Whence furnish such a vast etpence of mind ? 
Just Heav n thee hke Tmsias to requite 
Rewards with Prophesie thy loas of 'i ght 

^\eU mi^htst thou scorn thy Readers to allure 
With tinkling Rhime, of thy own sense secure ; ■ 
While the To.i.n Bayes writes all the while and spells, 
And hke a Pack horse t res without h s Bells : 
Their Fancies like our Btsh> points appear 
The Poets tag them we for fashion wear 
1 too transported by the Mode offend 
And vhile I meant to Priise thee must Conmend, 
Thj ^ erse created 1 ke thy The ne s bl me 
In \unber Weight and Meisure needs not Rhime. 

A. M. 
aradisuni Amissam, On Paradise Lost] Added in the :iaon. 



i'n) 



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The Printer to the leader. 

Courteous Reader, there was no Argument at first intended to 
the Book, but for the satisfaction of many that have desired it, 
I have procur'd it, and withall a reason of that which stumbled 
many others, why the Poem Kimes not, 

5, Simmons. 

The Prinltr lo the Reader] Added in i66S to the copies then yemammg of 
Ike first editioH, atHeaded in i66g, and omitted in i6jo. I have procur'd it, 
and .... not l66g] is procured 1668. 



The Verse. 

The measure is English Heroic Verse without Rime, as that 
of Homer in Greek, and of Virgil in Latin ; Rime being no 
necessary Adjunct or true Ornament of Poem or good Verse, 
in longer Works especially, but the Invention of a barbarous Age, 
to set off wretched matter and kme Meeter ; grac't indeed since 
by the use of some famous modern Poets, carried away by Custom, 
but much to thir own vexation, hindrance, and constraint to 
express many things otherwise, and for the most part worse then 
else they would have exprest them. Not without cause therefore 
some both Italian and Spanish Poets of prime note have rejected 
Rime both in longer and shorter Works, as have also long since 
our best English Tragedies, as a thing of it self, to all judicious 
eares, triveal and of no true musical delight; which consists only 
in apt Numbers, fit quantity of Syllables, and the sense variously 
drawn out from one Verse into another, not in the jingling sound 
of like endings, a fault avoyded by the learned Ancients both in 
Poetry and all good Oratory, This neglect then of Rime so little 
is to be taken for a defect, though it may seem so perhaps to 
vulgar Readers, that it rather is to be esteem'd an example set, the 
first in English, of ancient liberty recover'd to Heroic Poem from 
the troublesom and modem bondage of Rimeing. 

The Verse] Added in t66S to the copies then remainmg of the first edition ; 
tageOier with th^ Argument, In the second edition (i6'j4) the Argument, with 
the necessary adjustment to the A'nision made in Boots vis and x, was dis- 
tribaied through the several books of the poem, as it is here printed. 



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PARADISE LOST. 

BOOK J. 

THE ARGUMENT. 

This first Book proposes first in brief the whole Subject, Mans 
disobedience^ and the loss thereupon of Paradise •wherein he was 
plac'l ■• Then touches /he prime cause of his fall, the Serpent, or 
rather Satan in the Serpent/ who revolting from God, and drawing 
to his side many Legions of Angels, 'was by the command of God 
driven out of Heaven with all his Cr^iti into the great Deep. Which 
action past over, the Poem hasts into the midst of things, presenting 
Satan with his Angels new fallen into Hell, describ'd here, not in the 
Center (for Heaven and Earth may be suppos'd as yet not made, 
certainly not yet accurst) iut in a place of utter darknesse, fitliest 
call'd Chaos ; Here Satan with his Angels lying on the burning Lake, 
tkunder-stntck and astonish/, after a certain space recovers, as from 
confusion, calls Kjft him who next in Order and Dignity lay by him; 
thh confer of tktr miserable fall. Satan awakens all his Legions, 
who lay till then in 'the same manner confounded j They rise, thir 
Numbers, Srray of Battel, thir chief Leaders nam'd, according /o the 
Idols known ^terwards in Canaan and the Countries adjoyning. 
To these Satan directs his Speech, comforts them with hope yet of 
regaining Heaven, but /ells /hem lastly of a new World and new 
kind of Creature to be created, according to an ancient Prophesie 
or report in Heaven ; for that Angels were long before this visible 
Creation, was the opinion of many ancient Fathers. To find out the 
truik of this Prophesie, and what to determin thereon he refers to a full 
Councell. What his Associates thence attempt. Pandemonium the 
Palace o/ Satan rises, suddenly built out of the Deep: The infernal 
Peers there sit in Counsel. 

Of Mans First Disobedience, and the Fruit 
Of that Forbidden Tree, whose mortal tast 
Brought Death into the World, and all our woe, 
With loss of Eden, till one greater Man 
Restore us, and regain the blissful Seat, 
Sing Heav'nly Muse, that on the secret top 
Of Oreb, or of Sinai, didst inspire 
That Shepherd, who first taught- the chosen See^ 

(,s,) 



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'Paradise Lost. [bk. : 

In the Beginning how the Heav'ns and Earth 

Rose out of Chaos: or if Sion Hill j 

DeUght thee more, and Si/oa's Brook that flow'd 

Fast by tjje Oracle of God; I thence 

Invoke thy aid to my adventrous Song, 

That with no middle flight intends to soar 

Above th' Aonian Mount, while it pursues 

Things unattempted yet in Prose or Rhime. 

And chiefly Thou O Spirit, that dost prefer 

Before all Temples th' upright heart and pure, 

Instruct me, for Thou know'st ; Thou from the lirst 

Wast present, and with mighty wings outspread ■z 

Dove-like satst brooding on the vast Abyss 

And mad'st it pregnant : What in me is dark 

Illumine, what is low raise and support; 

That to the highth of this great Argument 

I may assert Eternal Providence, 

And justifie the wayes of God to men. 

Say first, for Heav'n hides nothing from thy view 
Nor the deep Tract of Hell, say first what cause 
Mov'd our Grand Parents in that happy State, 
Favour'd of Heav'n so highly, to fall off 3 

From their Creator, and transgress his Wi!l 
For one restraint, Lords of the VVorld besides? 
Who first seduc'd them to that fowl revolt? 
Th' infernal Serpent; he it was, whose guile 
Stird up with Envy and Revenge, deceiv'd 
The Mother of Mankinde, what time his Pride 
Had cast him out from Heav'n, with ali his Host 
Of Rebel Angels, by whose aid aspiring 
To set himself in Glory above his Peers, 
He trusted to have equal'd the most High, 4 

If he oppos'd; and with ambitions aim 
Against the Throne and Monarchy of God 
Rais'd impious War in Heav'n and Battel proud 
With vain attempt. Him the Almighty Power 
Hurld headlong flaming from th' Ethereal Skie 
With hideous ruine and combustion down 
To bottomless perdition, there to dwell 
In Adamantine Chains and penal Fire, 
Who durst defie th' Omnipotent to Arras. 
V Nine times the Space that measures Day and Night ;( 

(.8.) 



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'■] "Paradise Lost. 



To mortal men, he with his horrid crew 

Lay vanquisht, rowling in the fiery Gulfe 

Confounded though immortal : But his doom 

Reserv'd him to more wrath ; for now the thought 

Both of lost happiness and lasting pain 

Torments him ; round he throws his baleful eyes 

That witness'd huge affliction and dismay 

Mixt with obdurate pride and stedfast hate ; 

At once as far as Angels kenn he views 

The dismal Situation waste and wilde, 

A Dungeon horrible, on all sides round 

As one great Furnace flam'd, yet from those flames 

No light, but rather darkness visible 

Serv'd only to discover sights of woe, 

Regions of sorrow, doleful shades, where peace 

And rest can never dwell, hope never comes 

That comes to all ; but torture without end 

Still urges, and a fiery Deluge, fed 

With ever-burning Sulphur unconsum'd ; 

Such place Eternal Justice had prepar'd 

For those rebellious, here their Prison ordain'd 

In utter darkness, and their portion set 

As far remov'd from God and light of Heav'n 

As irom the Center thrice to th' utmost Pole. 

O how unhke the place from whence they fell ! 

There the companions of his fall, o'rewhelra'd 

With Floods and Whirlwinds of tempestuous lire, 

He soon discerns, and weltring by his side 

One next himself in power, and next in crime, 

Long after known in Palestine, and nam'd 

BUhebub. To whom th' Arch-Enemy, 

And thence in Heav'n call'd Satan, with bold words 

Breaking the horrid silence thus began. 

If thou beest he ; But O how faJl'n ! how chang'd 
From him, who in the happy Realms of Light 
Cloth'd with transcendent brightness didst outshine 
Myriads though bright : If he whom mutual league, 
United thoughts and counsels, equal hope. 
And hazard in the Glorious Enterprize, 
Joynd with me once, now misery hath joynd 
In equal ruin: into what Pit thou seest 
From what highth fal'n, so much the stronger provd 



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Taradise Lost. 



He with his Thunder : and till then who knew 
The force of those dire Arms ? yet not for those 
Nor what the Potent Victor in his rage 
Can else inflict do I repent or change, 
Though chanE^'d in outward lustre; that fixt mind 



And h gh d d fr 


ce of injur'd merit. 


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s'd me to contend, 


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n brought along 


Inn m bl f f 


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ep., and me preferring, 


His m pow 


h d erse power oppos'd 


In dubious Battel on 


1 the Plains of Heav'n 


And h k h th 


Wl t th gh th f Id b 


All t 1 t I 


q b! Wll 


And t dy f 


tl 1 


And g t 


bm t ) Id 


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t b ? 


Th t Gl J h 11 1 w tl gh 


Ext t f m m r 


b w d f g 


With ppl t k 


d d fi h p w 


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f th A m It 


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> d h b th 



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Irr 



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hi 



I t m 
g d J 



I V, 1 



ph d th f ] > 

Sol g g h Id th Ty j f Hea 

So spake th Apostate A ^el, though in pain. 
Vaunting aloud, but rackt with deep despare : 
And him thus answer'd soon his bold Compeer. 

O Prince, O Chief of many Throned Powers, 
That led th' imbattelld Seraphim to Wan- 
Under thy conduct, and in dreadful deeds 
Fearless, endanger'd Heav'ns perpetual King ; 
And put to proof his high Supremacy, 
Whether upheld by strength, or Chance, or Fate, 
Too well I see and rue the dire event, 



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BK. I.] Taradise Lost. 

That with sad overthrow and foul defeat 
Hath iost us Heav'n, and all this mighty Host 
In horrible destruction laid thus low. 
As far as Gods and Heav'nly Essences 
Can perish : for the mind and spirit remains 
Invincible, and vigour soon returns, 14 

Though all our Glory extinct, and happy state 
Here swallow'd up in endless misery. 
But what if he our Conquerour, (whom I now 
Of force believe Almighty, since no less 
Then such could hav orepow'rd such force as ours) 
Have left us this our spirit and strength intire 
Strongly to suffer and support our pains. 
That we may so suffice his vengeful ire. 
Or do him mightier service as his thralls 
By right of Warr, what e're his business be i£ 

Here in the heart of Hell to work in Fire, 
Or do his Errands in the gloomy Deep ; 
What can it then avail though yet we feel 
Strength undiminisht, or eternal being 
To undergo eternal punishment? 
Whereto with speedy taiords th' Arch-fiend reply'd. 
■ Fali'n Cherttbe, to be weak is miserable 
Doing or Suffering: but of this be sure. 
To do qi^hc good never will be our task. 
But evef^to do ill our sole delight, 16 

As being the contrary to his high will 
Whom we resist. If then his Providence 
Out of our evil seek to bring forth good. 
Our labour must be to pervert that end, 
And out of good still to find means of evil ; 
Which oft times may succeed, so as perhaps 
Shall grieve him, if I fail not, and disturb 
His inmost counsels from their destind aim. 
But see the angry Victor hath recall'd 
His Ministers of vengeance and pursuit ij 

Back to the Gates of Heav'n : The Sulphurous Hail 
Shot after us in storm, oreblown hath laid 
The fiery Surge, that from the Precipice 
Of Heav'n receiv'd us falling, and the Thunder, 
Wing'd with red Lightning and impetuous rage. 
Perhaps hath spent his shafts, and ceases now 

(■«<) 



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'Paradise Lost. [e 

To bellow through the vast and boundless Deep. 

Let us not slip th' occasion, whether scorn, 

Or satiate fury yield it from our Foe. 

Seest thou yon dreary Plain, forlorn and wilde. 

The seat of desolation, voyd of light. 

Save what the glimmering of these livid tlames 

Casts pale and dreadful ? Thither let us tend 

From off the tossing of these fiery waves, 

There rest, if any rest can harbour there. 

And reassembling our afflicted Powers, 

Consult how we may henceforth most offend 

Our Enemy, our own loss how repair. 

How overcome this dire Calamity, 

What reinforcement we may gain from Hope, 

If not what resolution from despare. 

Thus Satan talking to his neerest Mate 
With Head up-lift above the wave, and Eyes 
That sparkling blaz'd, his other Parts besides 
Prone on the Flood, extended long and large 
Lay floating many a rood, in bulk as huge 
As whom the Fables name of monstrous size, 
Titanian, or EartMorn, that warr'd on Jme, 
Briarios or Typhon, whom the Den 
By ancient Tarsus held, or that Sea-beast 
Leviatkan, which God of all his works 
Created hugest that swim th' Ocean stream : 
Him haply slumbring on the Norway foam 
The Pilot of some small night-founder'd Skiff, 
Deeming some Island, oft, as Sea-men tell. 
With fixed Anchor in his skaly rind 
Moors by his side under the Lee, while Night 
Invests the Sea, and wished Morn delayes : 
So stretcht out huge in length the Arch-fiend lay 
Chain'd on the burning Lake, nor ever thence 
Had ris'n or heav'd his head, but that the will 
And high permission of all-ruling Heaven 
Left him at large to his own dark designs. 
That with reiterated crimes be might 
Heap on himself damnation, while he sought 
Evil to others, and enrag'd might see 
How all his malice serv'd but to bring forth 
Infinite goodness, grace and mercy shewn 



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BK. I.] Taradise Lost. 

On Man by him seduc't. hut on himself 

Treble confusion, wrath and vengeance pour'd. 2; 

Forthwith upright he rears from off the Fool 

His mighty Stature; on each hand the flames 

Drivn backward slope their pointing spires, & rowld 

111 billows, leave i' th' midst a horrid Vale. 

Then with expanded wings he stears his flight 

Aloft, incumbent on the dusky Air 

That felt unusual weight, till on dry Land 

He lights, if it were Land that ever burn'd 

With solid, as the Lake with liquid fire ; 

And such appear'd in hue, as when the force 2; 

Of subterranean wind transports a Hill 

Torn from Pe/ort/s, or the shatter'd side 

Of thundring Stna, whose combustible 

And fewel'd entrals thence conceiving Fire, 

Sublim'd with Mineral fury, aid the Winds, 

And leave a singed bottom all involVd 

With stench and smoak ; Such resting found the sole 

Of unblest feet. Him followed his next Mate, 

Both glorying to have scap't the Stygian flood 

As Gods, and by their own recover'd strength, 24 

Not by the sufferance of supernal Power. 

Is this the Region, this the Soil, the Clime, 
Said then the lost Arch Angel, this the seat 
That we must change for Heav'n, this mournful gloom 
For that celestial light? Be it so, since hee 
Who now is Sovran can dispose and bid 
What shall be right : fardest from him is best 
Whom reason hath equald, force hath made supream 
Above his equals. Farewel happy Fields 
Where Joy for ever dwells : Hail horrours, hail 25' 

Infernal world, and thou profoundest Hell 
Receive thy new Possessor : One who brings 
A mind not to be chang'd by Place or Time. 
The mind is its own place, and in it self 
Can make a Heav'n of Hell, a Hell of Heav'n. 
What matter where, if I be Still the same. 
And what I should be, all but less then hee 
Whom Thunder hath made greater? Here at least 
We shall be free; th' Almighty hath not built 
Here for his envy, will not drive us hence; 261 



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Taradise Lost. [bi 

Here we may reign secure, and in my choyce 
To reign is worth ambition though in Hell : 
Better to reign in Hell, then serve in Heav'n. 
But wherefore let we then our faithful friends, 
Th' associates and copartners of our loss 
Lye thus astonisht on th' oblivious Pool, 
And call them not to share with us their part 
In this unhappy Mansion, or once more 
With rallied Arms to try what may be yet 
Regained in Heav'n, or what more lost in Hell ? 

So Satan spake, and him Beelzebub 
Thus answer'd. Leader of those Armies bright. 
Which but th' Omnipotent none could have foyld, 
If once they hear that voyce, their liveliest pledge 
Of hope in fears and dangers, heard so oft 
In worst extreams, and on the perilous edge 
Of battel when it rag'd, in all assaults 
Their surest signal, they will soon resume 
New courage and revive, though now they lye 
Groveling and prostrate on yon Lake of Fire, 
As we erewhile, astounded and amaz'd, 
No wonder, fall'n such a pernicious highth. 

He scarce had ceas't when the superlour Fiend 
Was moving toward the shore; his ponderous shield 
Ethereal temper, massy, large and round, 
Behind him cast; the hroad circumference 
Hung on his shoulders like the Moon, whose Orb 
Through Optic Glass the Tuscan Artist views 
At Ev'ning from the top of Fessk, 
Or in Valdarno, to descry new Lands, 
Rivers or Mountains in her spotty Glohe. 
His Spear, to equal which the tallest Pine 
Hewn on Norwegian hills, to be the Mast 
Of some great Ammiral, were but a wand, 
He walkt with to support uneasie steps 
Over the hurning Marie, not like those steps 
On Heavens Azure, and the torrid Chme 
Smote on him sore besides, vaulted with Fire ; 
Nathless he so endur'd, till on the Beach 
Of that inflamed Sea, he stood and call'd 
His legions, Angel Forms, who lay intrans't 
Thick as Autumnal Leaves that strow the Brooks 
(,88) 



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"Paradise Lost. 



In Vailombrosa where th' Etrurian shades 

High overarch t mbowr or scatterd sedge 

Afloat when with herce Winds Onon arrad 

Hath vext the Red Sea Coast, nhose waves orethrew 

Bustrts and his Mempkian Chivalrie 

While with perfidious hatred thej pursud 

The Sojourners of G shen who beheld 

From the safe short, their floating Carkases 

And bioken Char ot ^\heela so thick bestrown 

Abject and lost hy these covering the Flood, 

Under imazement of their hideous change 

He calld so loud that all the hollow Deep 

Of Hell resounded Princes Potentates 

Warners the llowr of Heavn once jours now lost. 

If such astonishment as this can s eze 

Eternal spirits or hive je chosn this place 

After the toyl of Battel to repose 

Your weaned vertue for the ease you find 

To slumber here as in the 'Vales of Heav'n? 

Or m this abject posture have ye sworn 

To adore the Tonquerour? who non beholds 

Cherube and beraph rowling in the Flood 

With scatter d \rms and Ensigns 1 11 anon 

His swift pursuers from Heav'n Tates discern 

Th' advantage -ind descendinj, tread us down 

Thus drooping, or with linked Thunderbolts 

Transfix us to the bottom of this Gulfe 

Awake anse or be for ever faUn 

They heard and were abasht and up they sprung 
Upon the wmg as when men wont to watch 
On duty sleeping found by whom thej diead. 
Rouse and bestir themselves ere well awake 
Nor did they not perceave the evil plight 
In which they were or the fierce p^ms not feel; 
Vet to their Generals Voyce they soon obeyd 
Innumerable \s when the potent Rod 
Of Amra?ns Son m Egypti ev 11 day 
Wav d round the Coast up call d a \ itchj cloud 
Of Locusts warping o i the Eastern \\ ind 
That ore the Realm of impious Pharaoh hung 
Like Night, and darken d all the Land of Nik: 
So numberless were those bad Angels seen 
(.8,) 



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'Paradise host. [bk- 

Hovering on wing under the Cope of Hell 

Twixt upper, nether, and surrounding Fires ; 

Till, as a signal giv'n, th' uphfted Spear 

Of their great Sultan waving to direct 

Thir course, in even ballance down they light 

On the firm brimstone, and fill all the Plain ; 3, 

A multitude, like which the populous North 

Pour'd never from her frozen loyns, to pass 

Rhene or the Danaw, when her barbarous Sons 

Came like a Deluge on the South, and spread 

Beneath Gibraltm- to the Lybian sands. 

Forthwith from every Squadron and each Band 

The Heads and Leaders thither hast where stood 

Their great Commander ; Godlike shapes and forms 

Excelling human, Princelv Dignities, 

And Powers that earst n Heiven sat on Thrones; 3! 

Though of the r Names n heav nly Records now 

Be no memorial blotted out and rasd 

By thir Rebell on from tl e Books of Life. 

Nor had they j et an ong the So is of Eve 

Got them new Nines tl! wandrng ore the Earth, 

Through Gods I gh sufferance for the tryal of man, 

By falsities and Ijes the greatest part 

Of Mankiad they corrupted to forsake 

God their Creator and tl v s ble 

Glory of him, that made them, to transform 3; 

Oft to the Image of a Brute, adorn'd 

jVith gay Religions full of Pomp and Gold, 

And Devils to adore for Deities : 

Then were they known to men by various Names, 

And various Idols through the Heathen World. 

Say, Muse, their Names then known, who first, who last, 

Rous'd from the slumber, on that fiery Couch, 

At thir great Emperors call, as next in worth 

Came singly where he stood on the bare strand, 

While the promiscuous croud stood yet aloof? 3} 

The chief were those who from the Pit of Hell 

Roaming to seek their prey on earth, durst fix 

Their Seats long after next the Seat of God, 

Their Altars by his Altar, Gods ador'd 

Among the Nations round, and durst abide 

Jehovah thundring out of Slon, thron'd 



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. I.] 'Paradise Lost. 

Between the Cherubim ; yea, often plac'd 
Within his Sanctuary it self their Shrines, 
Abominations ; and with cursed things 
His holy Rites, and solemn Feasts profan'd, ; 

And with their darkness durst affront his light. 
First Moloch, horrid King besniear'd with blood 
Of human sacrifice, and parents tears, 
Though for the noyse of Drums and Timbrels loud 
Their childrens cries unheard, that past through fire 
To his grim Idol. Him the Ammonite 
Worshipt in Rabba and her watry Plain, 
In Argob and in Basan, to the stream 
Of utmost Arnon. Nor content with such 
Audacious neighbourhood, the wisest heart 
Of Solomon he led by fraud to build 
His Temple right against the Temple of God 
On that opprobrious Hill, and made his Grove 
The pleasant Vally of Hinnom, Tofhet thence 
And black Gehenna call'd, the Type of Hell. 
Next Chetnos, th' obscene dread of Moabs Sons, 
From Aroer to JVebo, and the wild 
Of Southmost Abarim ; in Hesebon 
And Horonaim, Seons Realm, beyond 
The flowry Dale of Sibma clad with Vines, 
And Ekak to th' Asphalfick Pool. 
Peor his other Name, when he entic'd 
Israel in Sittim on their march from Nile 
To do him wanton rites, which cost them woe. 
Yet thence his lustful Orgies he enlarg'd 
Even to that Hill of scandal, by the Grove 
Of Moloch homicide, lust hard by hate ; 
Till good Josiah drove them thence to Hell. 
With these came they, who from the bordring flood 
Of old Euphrates to the Brook that parts 
Egypt from Syrian ground, had general Names 
Of Baalim and Ashtaroth, those male, 
These Feminine. For Spirits when they please 
Can either Sex assume, or both ; so soft 
And uncompounded is their Essence pure. 
Not ti'd or manacl'd with joynt or limb, 
Nor founded on the brittle strength of bones. 
Like cumbrous flesh ; but in what shape they choose 
(■9.) 



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"Paradise host. c 

Dilated or condens't, bright or obscure, 
Can execute their aerie purposes, 
And works of love or enmity fulfill. 
For those the Race of Israel oft forsook 
Their living strength, and unfrequented left 
His righteous Altar, bowing lowly down 
To bestial Gods ; for whidi their heads as low 
Bow'd down in Battel, sunk before the Spear 
Of despicable foes. With these in troop 
Came Astoreth, whom the Phanuians call'd 
Astarfe, Queen of Heav'n, with crescent Horns; 
To whose bright Image nightly hy the Moon 
Sidonian Virgins paid their Vows and Songs, 
In Sion also not unsung, where stood 
Her Temple on th' offensive Mountain, built 
By that uxorious King, whose heart though large, 
Beguil'd by fair Idolatresses, fell 
To Idols foul, Thammuz came next behind, 
Whose annual wound in Lebanon allur'd 
The Syrian Damsels to lament his fate 
In amorous dittyes all a Summers day, 
While smooth Adonis from his native Rock 
Ran purple to the Sea, suppos'd with blood 
Of Tkammuz yearly wounded: the Love-tale 
Infected Sions daughters with like heat. 
Whose wanton passions in the sacred Porch 
Esekiel saw, when by the Vision led 
His eye survay'd the dark Idolatries 
Of alienated Judah. Nest came one 
Who mourn'd in earnest, when the Captive Ark 
Maim'd his brute Image, head and hands lopt off 
In his own Temple, on the grunsel edge. 
Where he fell flat, and sham'd his Worshipers : 
Dagon his Name, Sea Monster, upward Man 
And downward Fish : yet had his Temple high 
Rear'd in Azotus, dreaded through the Coast 
Of Palestine, in Gatk and Ascalon, 
And Accaron and Gaza's frontier bounds. 
Him follow'd Rtmnion, whose delightful Seat 
Was fair Damascus, on the fertil Banks 
Of Abbana and Pharphar, lucid streams. 
He also against the house of God was bold; 
(192) 



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«.r.] Taradtse Lost. 

A Leper once he lost and gain'd a King, 
Ahaz his sottish Conquerour, whom he drew 
Gods Altar to disparage and displace 
For one of Syrian mode, whereon to burn 
His odious offrings, and adore the Gods 
Whom he had vanquislit. After these appear'd 
A crew who under Names of old Renown, 
Osiris, /sis, Orus and their Train 
With monstrous shapes and sorceries abus'd 
Fanatic E^pt and her Priests, to seek 
Thir wandring Gods disguis'd in brutish forms 
Rather then human. Nor did Israel scape 
Th' infection when their borrow'd Gold coropos'd 
The Calf in Oreb : and the Rebel King 
Doubl'd that sin in Bethel and in Dan, 
Lik'ning his Maker to the Grazed Ox, 
Jehovah, who in one Night when he pass'd 
From .£'£)'/^ marching, equal'd with one stroke 
Both her iirst born and all her bleating Gods. 
Belial came last, then whom a Spirit more lewd 
Fell not from Heaven, or more gross to love 
Vice for it self": To him no Temple stood 
Or Altar smoak'd; yet who more oft then hee 
In Temples and at Altars, when the Priest 
Turns Atheist, as did Elys Sons, who fill'd 
With lust and violence the house of God, 
In Courts and Palaces he also Reigns 
And in luxurious Cities, where the noyse 
Of riot ascends above thir loftiest Towrs, 
And injury and outrage r And when Night 
Darkens the Streets, then wander forth the Sons 
Of Belial, down with insolence and wine. 
Witness the Streets of Sodom, and that night 
In Gibeah, when hospitable Dores 
Yielded thir Matrons to prevent worse rape. 
These were the prime in order and in might; 
The rest were long to tell, though far renown'd, 
Th' Ionian Gods, o( Javans Issue held 
Gods, yet confest later then Heav'n and Earth 
Thir boasted Parents ; Titan Heav'ns first born 

504, 5 hospitable Dorcs Yielded Ihir Matrons] the hospitable door 
Matron 1674 

(193) O 



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Taradise Lost. [b* 

With his enormous brood, and birthright seis'd 
By younger Saturn, he from mightier /ove 
His own and Rhea's Son like measure found; 
So Jove usurping reign'd : these first in Creet 
And Ida known, thence on the Snowy top 
Of cold Olympus rul'd the middle Air 
Thir highest Heav'n; or on the Delphian Cliff, 
Or in Dodona, and through all the bounds 
Of Dork Land ; or who with Saturn old 
Fled over Adria to th' Hesperian Fields, 
And ore the Celtic roam'd the utmost Isles. 
All these and more came flocking; but with looks 
Down cast and damp, yet such wherein appear'd 
Obscure som glimps of joy, to have found thir chief 
Not in despair, to have found themselves not lost 
In loss it self; which on his count'nance cast 
Like doubtful hue: but he his wonted pride 
Soon recollecting, with high words, that bore 
Semblance of worth not substance, gently rais'd 
Their fainted courage, and dispel'd their fears. 
Then strait commands that at the warlike sound 
Of Trumpets loud and Clarions be upreard 
His mighty Standard ; that proud honour claim'd 
Azasel as his right, a Cherube tall : 
Who forthwith from the glittering Staff unfurld 
Th' Imperial Ensign, which full high advanc't 
Shon like a Meteor streaming to the Wind 
With Gemms and Golden lustre rich imblaz'd, 
Seraphic arms and Trophies : al! the while 
Sonorous mettal blowing Martial sounds: 
At which the universal Host upsent 
A shout that tore Hells Concave, and beyond 
Frighted the Reign of Chaos and old Night. 
All in a moment through the gloom were seen 
Ten thousand Banners rise into the Air 
With Orient Colours waving: with them rose 
A Forrest huge of Spears : and thronging Helms 
Appear'd, and serried Shields in thick array 
Of depth immeasurable : Anon they move 
In perfect Phalanx to the Dorian mood 
Of Flutes and soft Recorders; such as rais'd 
530 fainted] fa(;)ntine 'f'14 



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:■!■] Taradise Lost. 

To highth of noblest temper Hero's old 

Arming to Battel, and in stead of rage 

Deliberate valour breath'd, firm and unmov'd 

With dread of death to flight or foul retreat. 

Nor wanting power to mitigate and swage 

With solemn touches, troubl'd thoughts, and chase 

Anguish and doubt and fear and Sarrow and pain 

From mortal or immortal minds. Thus they 

Breathing united force with fixed thought 

Mov'd on in silence to soft Pipes that charm'd 

Thir painful steps o're the burnt soyle; and now 

Advanc't in view they stand, a horrid Front 

Of dreadful length and dazling Arms, in guise 

Of Warners old with order'd Spear and Shield, 

Awaiting what command thir mighty Chief 

Had to impose : He through the armed Files 

Darts his experienc't eye, and soon traverse 

The whole Battalion views, thir order due, 

Thir visages and stature as of Gods, 

Thir number last he summs. And now his heart 

Distends with pride, and hardning in his strength 

Glories : For never since created man, 

Met such imbodied force, as nam'd with these 

Could merit more then that small infantry 

Warr'd on by Cranes : though all the Giant brood 

Of Phiegra with th' Heroic Race were joyn'd 

That fought at The&s and Ilium, on each side 

Mixt with auxiliar Gods ; and what resounds 

In Fable or Romance of Vthers Son 

Begirt with British and Armonc Knights; 

And all who since, Baptiz'd or Infidel 

Jousted in Aspramont or Montaiban, 

Damasco, or Morocco, or Trebtsond, 

Or whom Biserta sent from Afric shore - 

When Charlemain with al! his Peerage fell 

By Fontarabbia. Thus far these beyond 

Compare of mortal prowess, yet observ'd ''■^;^ 

Thir dread Commander : he above the rest i , 

In shape and gesture proudly eminent I 590 '5 -^^^ 

Stood like a Towr; his form had yet not lost \ ^ 

All her Original brightness, nor appear'd j .j^r 

Less then Arch Angel ruind, and th' excess j "^ 

(195) 02 



/ 



/ 



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Varadise Lost. [i 

Of Glory oDscur'd : As when the Sun new ris'n 
Looks through the Horizontal misty Air 
Shorn of his Beams, or from behind the Moon 
In dim Eclips disastrous twilight sheds 
On half the Nations, and with fear of change 
Perplexes Monarchs. Dark'n'd so, yet shon 
Above them all th' Arch Angel ^ut his face 
Deep scars of Thunder had intrencht, and care 
Sat on his faded cheek, but under Browes 
/ Of dauntless courage, and considerate Pride 

/ Waiting revenge : cruel his eye, but cast 

^ Signs of remorse and passion to behold 

The fellows of his crime, the followers rather 
(Far other once beheld in bliss) condemn'd 
For ever now to have their lot in pain. 
Millions of Spirits for his fault amerc't 
Of Heav'n, and from Eternal Splendors flung 
For his revolt, yet faithfull how they stood, 
Thir Glory witherd. As when Heavens Fire 
Hath scath'd the Forrest Oaks, or Mountain Pines, 
With singed top their stately growth though bare 
Stands on the blasted Heath. He now prepard 
To speak; whereat their doubl'd Ranks they bend 
From Wing to Wing, and half enclose him round 
With all his Peers : attention held them mute. 
Thrice he assayd, and thrice in spite of scorn, 
Tears such as Angels weep, burst forth : at last 
Words interwove with sighs found out their way. 

O Myriads of immortal Spirits, O Powers 
Matchless, but with th' Almighty, and that strife 
Was not inglorious, though th' event was diie, 
As this place testifies, and this dire change 
Hateful to utter ; but what power of mind 
Foreseeing or presaging, from the Depth 
Of knowledge past or present, could have fear'd, 
How such united force of Gods, how such 
As stood like these, could ever know repulse? 
For who can yet beleeve, though after loss, 
That all these puissant Legions, whose exile 
Hath emptied Heav'n, shall faile to re-ascend 
Self-rais'd, and repossess their native seat? 
For me, be witness all the Host of Heav'n, 
{.96) 



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.!■] ^Paradise Lost. 

If counsels different, or danger shun'd 

By me, have lost our hopes. But he who reigns 

Monarch in Heav'n, till then as one secure 

Sat on his Throne, upheld by old repute, 

Consent or custome, and his Regal State 

Put forth at full, but still his strength conceal'd, 

Which tempted our attempt, and wrought our fall. 

Henceforth his might we know, and know our own 

So as not either to provoke, or dread 

New warr, provok't ; our better part remains 

To work in close design, by fraud or guile 

What force effected not ; that he no less 

At length from us may find, who overcomes 

By force, hath overcome hut half his foe. 

Space may produce new Worlds; whereof so rife 

There went a feme in Heav'n that he ere long 

Intended to create, and therein plant 

A generation, whom his choice regard 

Should favour equal to the Sons of Heaven : 

Thither, if but-toprie, shall be perhaps 

Our first eruption, thither or elsewhere : 

For this Infernal Pit shall never hold 

Caelestial Spirits in Bondage, nor th' Abysse 

Long under darkness cover. But these thoughts 

Full Counsel naust mature : Peace is despaird, 

For who can think Submission ! Wan then, Warr 

Open or understood must be resolv'd. 

He spake : and to confirm his words, out-flew 
Millions of flaming swords, drawn from the thighs 
Of mighty Cherubim ; the sudden blaze 
Far round illumin'd hell : highly they rag'd 
Against the Highest, and fierce with grasped arm's 
Clash'd on their sounding shields the din of war. 
Hurling defiance toward the vault of Heav'n. 

There stood a Hill not far whose griesly top 
Belch'd fire and rowling smoak; the rest entire 
Shon with a glossie scurff, undoubted sign 
That in his womb was hid metailic Ore, 
The work of Sulphur. Thither wing'd with speed 
A numerous Erigad hasten'd. As when bands 
Of Pioners with Spade and Pickaxe arm'd 
Forerun the Royal Camp, to trench a Field, 
(»97) 



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'Paradise Lost. [b 

Or cast a Rampart. Mammon led them on, 

Mammon, the least erected Spirit that fell 

From heav"!!, for ev'n in heav'n his looks and thoughts 

Were always downward bent, admiring more 

The riches of Heav'ns pavement, trod'n Gold, 

Then aught divine or holy else enjoy'd 

In vision beatific : by him first 

Men also, and by his suggestion taught, 

Ransack'd the Center, and with impious hands 

RiiJ'd the bowels of their mother Earth 

For Treasures better hid. Soon had his crew 

Op'nd into the Hill a spacious wound 

And dig'd out ribs of Gold. Let none admire 

That riches grow in Hell ; that soyle may best 

Deserve the pretious bane. And here let those 

Who boast in mortal things, and wondring tell 

Of Babel, and the works of Memphian Kings, 

Learn how thir greatest Monuments of Fame, 

And Strength and Art are easily outdone 

By Spirits reprobate, and in an hour 

What in an age they with incessant toyle 

And hands innumerable scarce perform. 

Nigh on the Plain in many cells prepar'd, 

That underneath had veins of liquid fire 

Sluc'd from the l^ke, a second multitude 

With wondrous Art founded the massie Ore, 

Severing each kinde, and scum'd the Bullion dross : 

A third as soon had form'd within the ground 

A various mould, and from the boyiing cells 

By strange conveyance fiU'd each hollow nook. 

As in an Organ from one blast of wind 

To many a row of Pipes the sound-board breaths. 

Anon out of the earth a Fabrick huge 

Rose like an Exhalation, with the sound 

Of Dulcet Symphonies and voices sweet, 

Built like a Temple, where Pilasters round 

Were set, and Doric pillars overlaid 

With Golden Architrave; nor did there want 

Cornice or Freeze, with bossy Sculptures grav'n. 

The Roof was fretted Gold. Not Babilon, 

Nor great Alcairo such magnificence 

703 founded] found out i6-j4 



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:-'i-3 Taradise Lost. 

Equal'd in all thir glories, to inshrine 

Belus or Serapis thir Gods, or seat 730 

Thir Kings, when Mgypt with Assyria strove 

In wealth and luxurie. Th' ascending pile 

Stood fixt her stately highth, and strait the dores 

Op'ning thir brazen foulds discover wide 

Within, her ample spaces, o're the smooth 

And level pavement ; from the arched roof 

Pendant by suttie Magic many a row 

Of Starry Lamps and blazing Cressets fed 

With Naphtha and Aspkaltus yeilded light 

As from a sky. The hasty multitude 730 

Admiring enter'd, and the work some praise 

And some the Architect : his hand was known 

In Heav'n by many a Towred structure high, 

Where Scepter'd Angels held thir residence, 

And sat as Princes, whom the supreme King 

Exalted to such power, and gave to rule, 

Each in his Herarchie, the Orders bright. 

Nor was his name unheard or unador'd 

In ancient Greece ; and in Ausoniati land 

Men called him Mu/dl>er; and how he fell 740 

From Ileav'n, they fabl'd, thrown by angry /ove 

Sheer o're the Chrystal Battlements : from Morn 

To Noon he fell, from Noon to dewy Eve, 

A Summers day; and with the setting Sun 

Dropt from the Zenith like a falling Star, 

On Lemnos th' jEgaan He : thus they relate, 

Erring; for he with this rebellious rout 

Fell long before; nor aught avail'd him now 

To have built in Heav'n high Towrs ; nor did he scape 

By all his Engins, but was headlong sent ;so 

With his industrious crew to build in hell. 

Mean while the winged Haralds by command 

Of Sovran power, with awful Ceremony 

And Trumpets sound throughout the Host proclaim 

A solemn Councel forthwith to be held 

At Pandtemonium, the high Capital 

Of Satan and his Peers ; thir summons call'd 

From every Band and squared Regiment 

By place or choke the worthiest ; they anon 

737 Herarchie] Hierarchic i6-j4^ 



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Taradise Lost. Cbi 

With hunderds and with thousands trooping came 

Attended : all access was throng'd, the Gates 

And Porches wide, but chief the spacious Hall 

(Though like a cover'd iield, where Champions bold 

Wont ride in arm'd, and at the SoMans chair 

Defi'd the best of Panim chivalry 

To mortal combat or carreer with I_ance) 

Thick swarro'd, both on the ground and in the air, 

Brusht with the hiss of russling wings. As Bees 

In spring time, when the Sun with Taurus rides, 

Poure forth thir populous youth about the Hive 

In clusters ; they among fresh dews and flowers 

Flie to and fro, or on the smoothed Plank, 

The suburb of thir Straw-built Cittadel, 

New rub'd with Baume, expatiate and confer 

Thir State aflairs. So thick the aerie crowd 

Swarm'd and were sttaitn'd ; till the Signd giv'n, 

Behold a wonder ! they but now who seemd 

In bigness to surpass Earths Giant Sons 

Now less then smallest Dwarfs, in narrow room 

Throng numberless, like that Pigmean Race 

Beyond the Indian Mount, or Faerie Elves, 

Whose midnight Revels, by a Forrest side 

Or Fountain some belated Peasant sees. 

Or dreams he sees, while over head the Moon 

Sits Arbitress, and neerer to the Earth 

Wheels her pale course, they on thir mirth & dance 

Intent, with jocond Music charm his ear ; 

At once with joy and fear his heart rebounds. 

Thus incorporeal Spirits to smallest forms 

Reduc'd thir shapes immense, and were at large. 

Though without number still amidst the Hall 

Of that infernal Court. But far within 

And in thir own dimensions like themselves 

The great Seraphic Lords and Cherubim 

In close recess and secret conclave sat 

A thousand Demy-Gods on golden seat's, 

Frequent and full. After short silence then 

And summons read, the great consult began. 

The End of the First Book. 



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PARADISE LOST. 

BOOK II. 

THE ARGUMENT. 

The Consullaiion begun, Satan debates whether another Battel be 
to be hazarded for the recovery of Heaven: some advise if, others 
dissuade : A third proposal is prefer'd, meittion'd before by Satan, 
to search the truth of that Pr^hesie or Tradition tn Heaven eon- 
cermng another world, and another kind of creature equal or not 
much inferiour to themselves, about this time to be created: Thir 
doubt who shall be sent on this difficult search: Satan tht'r chief 
undertakes alone the voyage, . is honourd and applauded. The 
Council thus ended, the rest betake them several ■aiayes and to several 
imployments, as thir inclinations lead them, to entertain the time till 
Satan return. He passes on his Journey to Hell Gates, finds them, 
shut, and who sat there to guard them, by -whom at length they are 
Op*nd, and discover to him the great Gulf between Hell and Heaven; 
with what difficulty he passes through, directed by Chaos, the Power 
of that place, to the sight of this new World which he sought. 

High on a Throne of Royal State, which far 
Outshon the weahh of Ormus and of Ind, 
Or where the gorgeous East" with richest hand 
Showrs on her Kings Barbaric Pearl & Gold, 
Satan exalted sat, by merit rais'd 
To that bad eminence; and from despair 
Thus high uphfted beyond hope, aspires 
Beyond thus high, insatiate to pursue 
Vain Warr with Heav'n, and by success untaught 
His proud imaginations thus displaid. lo 

Powers and Dominions, Deities of Heav'n, 
For since no deep within her gulf can hold 
Immortal vigor, though opprest and fall'n, 
I give not Heav'n for lost. From this descent 
Celestial vettues rising, wil! appear 

Argument I. 7 shall] should 1661) 



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Taradise Lost. Ci 

More glorious and more dread then from no fall, 

And trust themselves to fear no second fate ; 

Mee though just right, and the fixt Laws of Heav'n 

Did first create your Leader, next, free choice. 

With what besides, in Counsel or in Fight, 

Hath bin achievd of merit, yet this loss 

Thus farr at least recover'd, hath much more 

Establish! in a safe unenvied Throne 

Yielded with full consent. The happier state 

In Heav'n, which follows dignity, might draw 

Envy from each inferior; but who here 

Will envy whom the highest place exposes 

Formost to stand against the Thunderers aime 

Vour bulwark, and condemns to greatest share 

Of endless pain ? where there is then no good 

For which to strive, no strife can grow up there 

From Faction ; for none sure will claim in hell 

Precedence, none, whose portion is so small 

Of present pain, that with ambitious mind 

Will covet more. With this advantage then 

To union, and firm Faith, and firm accord, 

More then can be in Heav'n, we now return 

To claim our just inheritance of old. 

Surer to prosper then prosperity 

Could have assured us ; and by what best way. 

Whether of open Warr or covert guile, 

We now debate; who can advise, may speak. 

He ceas'd, and next him Moloc, Scepter'd King 
Stood up, the strongest and the fiercest Spirit 
That fought in Heav'n ; now fiercer by despair ; 
His trust was with th' Eternal to be deem'd 
Equal in strength, and rather then be less 
Car'd not to be at all ; with that care lost 
Went all his fear: of God, or Hell, or worse 
He reckd not, and these words thereafter spake. 

My sentence is for open Warr : Of Wiles, 
More unexpert, I boast not r them let those 
Contrive who need, or when they need, not now. 
For while they sit contriving, shall the rest, 
Millions that stand in Arms, and longing wait 
The Signal to ascend, sit lingring here 
Heav'ns fugitives, and for thir dwelling place 



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.11.3 Taradtse Lost. 

Accept this dark opprobrious Den of shame, 
The Prison of his T\ranny nho Reigns 
By oar delay ? no, let us rather choose 
Arm'd with Hell flames and fury all at once 
O're Heav'ns high Towrs to force resistless way, 
Turning our Tortures into horrid Arms 
Against the Torturer , when to meet the noise 
Of his Almighty Engin he shall hear 
Infernal Thunder, and for Lightnmg see 
Black fire and horror shot with equal nge 
Among his Angels; and his Throne it self 
Mixt with Tartarean Sulphur, and strange fire, 
His own invented Torments But perhaps 
The way seems difiicuSt and steep to scale 
With upright wing agamst a higher foe 
Let such bethink them, if the sleepy drench 
Of that forgetful Lake benumme not sti!l, 
That in our proper motion we ascend 
Up to our native seat descent and fail 
To us is adverse. Who but felt of late 
When the fierce Foe hung on our brok'n Rear 
Insulting, and pursu'd us through the Deep, 
With what compulsion and laborious flight 
We sunk thus low ? Th' ascent is easie then ; 
Th' event is fear'd ; should we again provoke 
Our stronger, some worse way his wrath may find 
To our destruction : if there be in Hell 
Fear to be worse destroy'd : what can be worse 
Then to dwelt here, driv'n out from bliss, condemn'd 
In this abhorred deep to utter woe; 
Where pain of unextinguishable fire 
Must exercise us without hope of end 
The Vassals of his anger, when the Scourge 
Inexorably, and the torturing houre 
Calls us to Penance? More destroy'd then thus 
We should be quite abolisht and expire. 
What fear we then? what doubt we to incense 
His utmost ire? which to the highth enrag'd, 
Will either quite consume us, and reduce 
To nothing this essential, happier farr 
Then miserable to have eternal being : 
Or if our substance be indeed Divine, 
( 103 ) 



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Taradtse Lost. 



And cannot cease to be, we are at worst 
On this side nothing ; and by proof we feel 
Our power sufficient to disturb his Heav'n, 
And with perpetual inrodes to Allarme, 
Though inaccessible, his fatal Throne : 
Which if not Victory is yet Revenge. 

He ended frowning, and his look denounc'd 
Desperate revenge, and Battel dangerous 
To less then Gods, On th' other side up rose 
Belial, in act more graceful and humane ; 
A fairer person lost not Heav'n ; he seemd 
For dignity compos'd and high exploit : 
But all was false and hollow ; though his Tongue 
Dropt Manna, and could make the worse appear 
The better reason, to perplex and dash 
Maturest Counsels : for his thoughts were low j 
To vice industrious, but to Nobler deeds 
Timorous and slothful ; yet he pleas'd the eare, 
And with perswasive accent thus began. 

I should be much for open Warr, O Peers, 
As not behind in hate; if what was urg'd 
Main reason to perswade immediate Warr, 
Did not disswade me most, and seem to cast 
Ominous conjecture on the whole success : 
When he who most excels in fact of Arras, 
In what he counsels and in what excels 
Mistrustful, grounds his courage on despair 
And utter dissolution, as the scope 
Of all his aim, after some dire revenge. 
First, what Revenge ? the Towrs of Heav'n are fill'd 
With Armed watch, that render all access 
Impregnable ; oft on the bordering Deep 
Encamp ihir Legions, or with obscure wing 
Scout farr and wide into the Realm of night. 
Scorning surprize. Or could we break our way 
By force, and at our heels all Hell should rise 
With blackest Insurrection, to confound 
Heav'ns purest Light, yet our great Enemie 
All incorruptible would on his Throne 
Sit unpolluted, and th' Ethereal mould 
Incapable of stain would soon expel 
Her mischief, and puige off the baser fire 



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BK.ii.] "Paradise Lost. 

Victorious. Thus repuls'd, our final hope 
Is flat despair; we must exasperate 
Th' Almighty Victor to spend all his rage. 
And that must end us, that must be our cure, 
To be no more ; sad cure ; for who would loose, 
Though ful! of pain, this intellectual being, 
Those thoughts that wander through Eternity, 
To perish rather, swallowd up and lost 
In the wide womb of uncreated night, 
Devoid of sense and motion? and who knows, 
Let this be good, whether our angry Foe 
Can give it, or will ever ? how he can 
Is doubtful ; that he never will is sure. 
Will he, so wise, let loose at once his ire, 
Belike through impotence, or unaware, 
To give his Enemies thir wish, and end 
Them in liis anger, whom his anger saves 
To punish endless ? wherefore cease we then ? 
Say they who counsel Warr, we are decreed, 
Reserv'd and destin'd to Eternal woe ; , 
Whatever doing, what can we suffer more. 
What can we suffer worse? is this then worst, 
Thus sitting, thus consulting, thus in Arms ? 
What when we fled amain, pursu'd and strook 
With Heav'ns afflicting Thunder, and besought 
The Deep to shelter us ? this Hell then seem'd 
A refuge from those wounds: or when we lay 
Chain'd on the burning Lake? that sure was worse 
What if the breath that kindl'd those grim fires 
Awak'd should blow them into sevenfold rage 
And plunge us in the Flames ? or from above 
Should intermitted vengeance Arme again 
His red right hand to plague us ? what if all 
Her stores were op'n'd, and this Firmament 
Of Hell should spout her Cataracts of Fire, 
Impendent horrors, threatning hideous fall 
One day upon our heads ; while we perhaps 
Designing or exhorting glorious Warr, 
Caught in a fierie Tempest shall be hurl'd 
Each on his rock transfixt, the sport and prey 
Of racking whirlwinds, or for ever sunk 
Under yon boyling Ocean, wrapt in Chains ; 



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Taradise Lost. tB«-' 

There to converse with everlasting groans, 
Unrespted unpit ed unrepree^d. 
Ages of hopeless end this would be worse 
Warr therefore open or conceal d alike 
My voice disswades for what can force or guile 
Witb him or who decei\e hs mind whose eye 
Views all thint,s at one view ' he from heav ns highth 
All thest our motions vain sees and derides n 

Not more Aim ghty to resist our m ght 
Then wse to frustrate all our plots and wiles. 
Shall we then live thus vile the race of Heav'n 
Thus trampld thus e\pelld to suffer here 
Chains and these Torments' better these then worse 
By my adMce since fate nevitable 
Subdues us and Omnipotent Decree 
The Victors will To suffer as to doe 
Our strength is equal nor the L^w unjust 31 

That so ordains this was at first resolv d 
If we were wise aga nst so greit a foe 
Contending and so doubtful wh■^t might fall 
I laugh when those who at the Spear are bold 
And \entroub if that fail them shrink and fear 
What jet they know mu-it follow to endure 
Exile, or ignom ny or bonds or pam 
The sentence of fh r Conqueroi r This is now 
Our doom which f we can sustain and btar, 
Our Supream Foe in time may much remit 2 

His anger and perhaps thus farr removd 
Not mtnd us not offending satisfid 
With what is punish t whence these rag ng fires 
Will slack n if his breath stir not thir flames 
Our purer essence then will overcome 
Thir noMOUs vapour or enurd not feel 
Or changd at length and to the pkce conformd 
In temper and m nature will receve 
Familiar the fierce heat ind void of piin 
This horror will grow m Ide this darkness light, a 

Besides what hope the never ending flight 
Of future days maj brng what chance what change 
Worth waiting s nee our present lot appeers 
For happ) though but ill for ill not worst 
If we procure not to our selves more woe 
(306) 



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■ II.] Taradise Lost. 

Thus Belial with words cloath'd in reasons garb 
CounseI'd ignoble ease, and peaceful sloath, 
Not peace : and after him thus Matmnon spake. 

Either to disinthrone the King of Heav'n 
We warr, if warr be best, or to regain 
Our own right lost : him to unthrone we then 
May hope, when everlasting Fate shall yeild 
To fickle Chance, and Ckaos judge the strife : 
The former vain to hope argues as vain 
The latter : for what place can be for us 
Within Heav'ns bound, unless Heav'ns Lord supream 
We overpower? Suppose he should relent 
. And publish Grace to all, on promise made 
Of new Subjection; with what eyes could we 
Stand in his presence humble, and receive 
Strict Laws impos'd, to celebrate his Throne 
With warbl'd Hymns, and to his Godhead sing 
Forc't Halleluiahs ; while he Lordly sits 
Our envied Sovran, and his Altar breathes 
Ambrosial Odours and Ambrosial Flowers, 
Our servile offerings. This must be our task 
In Heav'n, this our delight ; how wearisom 
Eternity so spent in worship paid 
To whom we hate. Let us not then pursue 
By force impossible, by leave obtain'd 
Unacceptable, though in Heav'n, our state 
Of splendid vassalage, but rather seek 
Our own good from our selves, and from our own 
Live to our selves, though in this vast recess, 
Free, and to none accountable, preferring 
Hard liberty before the easie yoke 
Of servile Pomp. Our greatness will appear 
Then most conspicuous, when great things of small. 
Useful of hurtful, prosperous of adverse 
We can create, and in what place so e're 
Thrive under evil, and work ease out of pain 
Through labour and endurance. This deep world 
Of darkness do we dread? How oft amidst 
Thick clouds and dark doth Heav'ns all-ruling Sire 
Choose to reside, his Glory unobscur'd, 
And with the Majesty of darkness round 
Covers his Throne ; from whence deep thunders roar 
(207) 



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Taradtse Lost. [b 

Must'ring thir rage, and Heav'n resembles Hell ? 
As he our Darkness, cannot we his Light 
Imitate when we please ? This Desart soile 
Wants not her hidden lustre, Gemms and Gold ; 
Nor want we skiU or art, from whence to raise 
Magnificence ; and what can Heav'n shew more ? 
Our torments also may in length of time 
Become our Elements, these piercing Fires 
As soft as now severe, our temper chang'd 
Into their temper ; which must needs remove 
The sensible of pain. All things invite 
To peaceful Counsels, and the settl'd State 
Of order, how in safety best we may 
Compose our present evils, with regard 
Of what we are and where, dismissing quite 
All thoughts of Warr; ye have what I advise. 

He scarce had finish^ when such murmur filld 
Th' Assembly, as when hollow Rocks retain 
The sound of blustring winds, which all night long 
Had rous'd the Sea, now with hoarse cadence lull 
Sea-faring men orewatcht, whose Bark by chance 
Or Pinnace anchors in a craggy Bay 
After the Tempest : Such applause was heard 
As Mammon ended, and his Sentence pleas'd, 
Advising peace : for such another Field 
They dreaded worse then Hell : so much the fear 
Of Thunder and ihe Sword of Michael 
Wrought still within them ; and no less desire 
To found this nether Empire, which might rise 
By poUicy, and long process of time. 
In emulation opposite to Heav'n. 
Which when Beelzebub perceiv'd, then whom, 
Satan except, none higher sat, with grave 
Aspect he rose, and in his rising seem'd 
A Pillar of State ; deep on his Front engraven 
Deliberation sat and publick care ; 
And Princely counsel in his face yet shon, 
Majestick though in ruin : sage he stood 
With Atlantean shoulders fit to bear 
The weight of mightiest Monarchies; his look 
Drew audience and attention still as Night 

a82 where] were i6']4 
(.01) 



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■ ".] 'Paradise Lost. 

Or Summers Noon-tide air, while thus he spake. 

Thrones and imperial Powers, off-spring of heav'n, ; 
Ethereal Vertues ; or these Titles now 
Must we renounce, and changing stile be call'd 
Princes of Hell ? for so the popular vote 
Inclines, here to continue, and build up here 
A growing Empire ; doubtless ; while we dream, 
And know not that the King of Heav'n hath doom'd 
This place our dungeon not our safe retreat 
Beyond his Potent arm to li\e exempt 
From Hea\ ns high jurisdiction in new League 
Banded against his Throne but to remaine ; 

In strictest bondage though thus far removd, 
Under th mevitable curb reseri d 
His captive multitude. For he, be aure, 
In highth or depth, stiJ! first and last will Reign 
Sole King, and of his Kingdom loose no part 
By our revolt, but over Helt extend 
His Empire, and with Iron Scepter rule 
Us here, as with his Golden those in Heav'n. 
What sit we then projecting Peace and Warr ? 
Warr hath determin'd us, and foild with loss ; 

Irreparable ; tearms of peace yet none 
Voutsaft or sought ; for what peace will be giv'n 
To us enslav'd, but custody severe, 
And stripes, and arbitrary punishment 
Inflicted ? and what peace can we return, 
But to our power hostility and hate, 
Untam'd reluctance, and revenge though slow. 
Yet ever plotting how the Conquerour least 
May reap his conquest, and may least rejoyce 
In doing what we most in suffering feel? ; 

Nor will occasion want, nor shall we need 
With dangerous expedition to invade 
Heav'n, whose high walls fear no assault or Siege, 
Or ambush from the Deep. What if we find 
Some easier enterprize? There is a place 
(If ancient and prophetic fame in Heav'n 
Err not) another World, the happy seat 
Of som new Race call'd Man, about this time 
To be created like to us, though less 
In power and excellence, but favour'd more 
(209) p 



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Taradise Lost. 

Of him who rules ahove ; so was his will 
Pfonounc'd among the Gods, and by an Oath, 
That shook Heav'ns whol circumference, confirm'c 
Thither let us bend ali our thoughts, to learn 
What creatures there inhabit, of what mould. 
Or substance, how endu'd, and what thir Power, 
And where thir weakness, how attempted best, 
■ By force or suttlety i Though Heav'n be shut. 
And Heav'ns high Arbitrator sit secure 
In his own strength, this place may lye expos'd 
The utmost border of his Kingdom, left 
To their defence who hold it : here perhaps 
Som advantagious act may be achiev'd 
By sudden onset, either with Hell fire 
To waste his whoJe Creation, or possess 
All as our own, and drive as we were driven, 
The punie habitants, or if not drive. 
Seduce them to our Party, that thir God 
May prove thir foe, and with repenting hand 
Abolish his own works. This would surpass 
Common revenge, and interrupt his joy 
In our Confusion, and our Joy upraise 
In his disturbance ; when his darling Sons 
Hurl'd headlong to partake with us, shall curse 
Thir frail Originals, and faded bliss, 
Faded so soon. Advise if this be worth 
Attempting, or to sit in darkness here 
Hatching vain Empires. Thus B'eehebub 
Pleaded his devilish Counsel, first devis'd 
By Satan, and in part p i d f wh 
But from the Author of 11 11 Id p g 
So deep a malice, to co f d h 
Of mankind in one root d E h h H 11 
To mingle and involve, d 1 p 

The great Creatour? Bu h p 
His glory to augment. Th b d d g 
Pleas'd highly those infe 1 d j y 

Sparkl'd in all thir eyes w h f 11 
They vote : whereat his p h 1 h 

Well have ye judg'd, w 11 d d 1 g d b 
Synod of Gods, and like 1 

Great things resolv'd; wh f hi dee 

(...) 



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BK.II.] Taradtse Lost. 

Will once more Hft us up, in spight of Fate, 

Neerer our ancient Seat ; perhaps in view 

Of those bright confines, whence with neighbouring Arms 

And opportune excursion we may chance 

Re-enter HeaVn; or else in some milde Zone 

Dwell not unvisited of Heav'ns fair Light 

Secure, and at the brightning Orient beam 

Purge off this gloom ; the soft delicious Air, 40 

To heal the scarr of these corrosive Fires 

Shall breath her balme. But first whom shall we send 

In search of this new world, whom shall we find 

Sufficient? who shall tempt with wandring feet 

The dark unbottom'd infinite Abyss 

And through the palpable obscure find out 

His uncouth way, or spread his aerie flight 

Upborn with indetatigable wings 

Over the vast abrupt, ere he arrive 

The happy lie; what strength, what art can then 411 

Suffice, or what evasion bear him safe 

Through the strict Senteries and Stations thick 

Of Angels watching round ? Here he had need 

Al! circumspection, and wee now no less 

Choice in our suffrage; for on whom we send, 

The weight of all and our last hope relies. 

This said, he sat; arid expectation held 
His look suspence, awaiting who appeer'd 
To second, or oppose, or undertake 
The perilous attempt; but all sat mute, 421 

Pondering the danger with deep thoughts ; and each 
In others count'nance red his own dismay 
Astonisht : none among the choice and prime 
Of those Heav'n-warring Champions could be found 
So bardie as to proffer or accept 
Alone the dreadful voyage ; till at last 
Satan, whom now transcendent glory rais'd 
Above his fellows, with Monarchal pride 
Conscious of highest worth, unmov'd thus spake. 

O Progeny of Heav'n, Empyreal Thrones, 431 

With reason hath deep silence and demurr 
Seis'd us, though undismaid : long is the way 
And hard, that out of Hell leads up to Light; 
4i)3 breath] tmipntttfor breathe. 



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'Paradise Lost. [bk. 

Our prison strong, this huge convex of Fire, 

Outrageous to devour, immures us round 

Ninefold, and gates of burning Adamant 

Barr'd over us prohibit all egress. 

These past, if any pass, the void profound 

Of unessential Night receives him next 

Wide gaping, and with utter loss of being ^ 

Threatens him, plung'd in that abortive gulf. 

If thence he scape into what ever world, 

Or unknown Region, what remains him less 

Then unknown dangers and as hard escape. 

But I should ill become this Throne O Peers 

And this Imperial Sov'rant\ tdorn d 

With splendor, ann'd with po^ver if aught propoad 

And judg'd of public moment in the shape 

Of difficulty or danger could deterre 

Me from attempting. \V herelore do I assume ^ 

These Royalties, and not refuse to Reign, 

Refusing to accept as great a share 

Of hazard as of honour due alike 

To him who Reigns, and so much to him due 

Of hazard more, as he above the rest 

High honourd sits? Go therfore mighty powers 

Terror of Heav'n, though fiUn intend at home 

While here shall be our home what best maj ease 

The present misery, and render Hell 

More tollerable ; if there be cute or charm 

To respite or deceive, or slack the pain 

Of this ill Mansion; intermit no watch 

Against a wakeful Foe while I abroad 

Through all the coasts of dark destruction seek 

Deliverance for us all this enterprize 

None shall partake with me Thus sajinj, rose 

The Monarch, and prevented all reply 

Prudent, least from his resolution raisd 

Others among the chief might oifer now 

(Certain to be refus'd) what erst they feard 

And so refus'd might in opinion stand 

His rivals, winning cheip the high repute 

Which he through hazard huge must earn But they 

Dreaded not more th adventure then his voice 

Forbidding; and at once with him they rose, 



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■ n.] Varadise Lost. 

Thir rising all at once was as the sound 

Of Thunder heard remote. Towards him they bend 

With awful reverence prone; and as a God 

Extoll him equal to the highest in Heav'n : 

Nor fail'd they to express how much they prais'd, 

That for the general safety he despis'd 

His own : for neither do the Spirits damn'd 

I-oose all thir vertue; least bad men should boast 

Thir specious deeds on earth, which glory excites, 

Or close ambition varnisht o're with zeal. 

Thus they thir doubtful consultations dark 

Ended rejoycing in thir matchless Chief: 

As when from mountain tops the dusky clouds 

Ascending, while the North wind sleeps, o'respread 

Heavn's chearful face, the lowring Element 

Scowls ore the dark'nd lantskip Snow, or showre ; 

If chance the radiant Sun with farewell sweet 

Extend his ev'ning beam, the fields revive, 

The birds thir notes renew, and bleating herds 

Attest thir joy, that hill and valley rings. 

shame to men ! Devil with Devil damn'd 

Firm concord holds, men onely disagree 

Of Creatures rational, though under hope 

Of heavenly Grace ; and God proclaiming peace, 

Yet live in hatred, enmitie, and strife 

Among themselves, and levie cruel warres. 

Wasting the E^rth, each other to destroy ; 

As if (which might induce us to accord) 

Man had not hellish foes anew besides. 

That day and night for his destruction waite. 

The Stygian Councel thus dissolv'd; and forth ' 
In order came the grand infernal Peers, 
Midst came thir mighty Paramount, and seemd 
Alone th' Antagonist of Heav'n, nor less 
Then Hells dread Emperour with pomp Supream, 
And God-like imitated State; him round 
A Globe of fierie Seraphim inclos'd 
With bright imblazonrie, and horrent Arms. 
Then of thir Session ended they bid cry 
With Trumpets regal sound the great result : 
Toward the four winds four speedy Cherubim 

483 thirl her i6-]4 



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Paradise Lost. [bk, 

Put to thir mouths the sounding Alchymie 

By Haralds voice explain'd: the hollow Abyss 

Heard farr and wide, and all the host of Hell 

With deafning shout, return'd them loud acclaim. 

Thence more at ease thir minds and somwhat rais'd 

By false presumptuous hope, the ranged powers 

Disband, and wandring, each his several way 

Pursues, as inclination or sad choice 

Leads him perplext, where he may likeliest find 

Truce to his restless thoughts, and entertain 

The irksome hours, till his great Chief return. 

Part on the Plain, or in the Air sublime 

Upon the wing, or in swift race contend. 

As at th' Olympian Games or Pythian fields; 

Part curb thir fierie Steeds, or shun the Goal 

With rapid wheels, or fronted Brigads form. 

As when to warn proud Cities warr appears 

Wag'd in the troubl'd Skie, and Armies rush 

To Battel in the Clouds, before each Van 

Pric forth the Aerie Knights, and couch thir spears 

Till thickest Legions close; with feats of Arras 

From either end of Heav'n the welkin burns. 

Others with vast Typhcean rage more fell 

Rend up both Rocks and Hills, and ride the Air 

In whirlwind; Hell scarce holds the wilde uproar. 

As when Ahidei from Otalia Croun'd 

With conquest, telt th' envenom'd robe, and tore 

Through pain up by the roots Thessaltan Pmes, 

And Ltchas from the top of Oeta threw 

Into th' £uboic Sea. Others more miide, 

Retreated m a silent valley, smg 

With notes Angehcal to many a Harp 

Thir own Heroic deeds and hapless fall 

By doom of Battel, and complain that Fate 

Free Vertue should enthrall to Force or Chinee. 

Thir song was panial, but the harmony 

(What could it less when Spiiits immortal smg?) 

Suspended Hell, and took with ravishment 

The thronging audience In discourse more sweet 

(For Eloquence the &oul. Song charms the 'lense,) 

Others apart "lat on a Hill retjr'd, 

537 his] thia i6u 54a Offlte] Oechalia 16J4 

(■'*) 



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E.11,3 "Paradise Lost. 

In thoughts more elevate, and reason'd high 
Of Providence, Foreknowledge, Will, and Fate, 
Fixt Fate, free will, foreknowledge absolute, 
And found no end, in wandring mazes lost. 
Of good and evil much they argu'd then, 
Of happiness and final misery, 
Passion and Apathie, and glory and shame. 
Vain wisdom all, and false Philosophic: 
Yet with a pleasing sorcerie could charm 
Pain for a while or anguish, and excite 
' Fallacious hope, or arm th' obdured brest 
With stubborn patience as with triple steel. 
Another part in Squadrons and gross Bands 
On bold adventure to discover wide 
That dismal World, if any Clime perhaps 
Might yeild them easier habitation, bend 
Four ways thir fiying March, along the Banks 
Of four infernal Rivers that disgorge 
Into the burning Lake thir baleful streams; 
Abhorred Styx the flood of deadly hate. 
Sad Acheron of Sorrow, black and deep ; 
Cocytus, nam'd of lamentation loud 
Heard on the ruful stream ; fierce Phkgeion 
Whose waves of torrent fire inflame with r^e. 
Farr off from these a slow and silent stream, 
Lethe the River of Oblivion roules 
Her watrie Labyrinth, whereof who drinks. 
Forthwith his former state and being forgets, 
Forgets both joy and grief, pleasure and pain. 
Beyond this flood a frozen Continent 
Lies dark and wilde, beat with perpetual storms 
Of Whirlwind and dire Hail, which on firm land 
Thaws not, but gathers heap, and ruin seems 
Of ancient pile ; all else deep snow and ice, 
A gulf profound as that Serhonian Bog 
Betwixt Damiata and mount Casius old, 
Where Armies whole have sunk : the parching Air 
Burns frore, and cold performs th' effect of Fire. 
Thither by harpy-footed Furies hail'd, 
At certain revolutions all the damn'd 
Are brought: and feel by turns the bitter change 
Of fierce extreams, extreams by change more fierce, 

(■■s) 



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Taradise Lost. Lbk.h. 

From Beds of raging Fire to starve in Ice 600 

Thir soft Ethereal warmth, and there to pine 
- Immovable, infixt, and frozen round, 

Periods of time, thence hurried back to fire. 

They ferry over this Lethean Sound 

Both to and fro, thir sorrow to augment. 

And wish and struggle, as they pass, to reach 

The tempting stream, with one small drop to loose 

In sweet forgetfulness all pain and woe, 

All in one moment, and so neer the brink ; 

But fate withstands, and to oppose th' attempt 610 

Medusa with Gorgoman terror guards 

The Ford, and of it self the water flies 

All taste of living wight, as once it fled 

The lip of Tantalus. Thus roving on 

In confus'd march forlorn, th' adventrous Bands 

With shuddring horror pale, and eyes agast 

View'd first thir lamentable lot, and found 

No rest: through many a dark and drearie Vaile 

They pass'd, and many a Region dolorous, 

O're many a Frozen, many 3 Fierie Alpe, 620 

Rocks, Caves, Lakes, Fens, Bogs, Dens, and shades of death, 

A Universe of death, which God by curse 

Created evil, for evil only good, 

Where all life dies, death lives, and nature breeds, 

Perverse, all monstrous, all prodigious things. 

Abominable, inutterable, and worse 

Then Fables yet have feign'd, or fear conceiv'd, 

Gorgons and Hydra's, and Chhitera's dire. 

Mean while the Adversary of God and Man, 
Satan with thoughts inflam'd of highest design, 630 

Puts on swift wings, and toward the Gates of Hell 
Explores his solitary flight; som times 
He scours the right hand coast, som times the left, 
Now shaves with level wing the Deep, then soares 
Up to the fiery concave touring high. 
As when farr off at Sea a Fleet descri'd 
Hangs in the Ciouds, by ^Equinoctial Winds 
Close sailing from Bengala, or the lies 
Of Ternate and Tidore, whence Merchants bring 
Thir spicie Drugs : they on the trading Flood 640 

631 toward] towards ifi;^ 



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• n.T Taradise Lost. 

Through the wide Ethiopian to the Cape 

Ply stemming nightly toward the Pole. So seem'd 

Fair off the flying Fiend : at last appear 

Hell bounds high reaching to the horrid Roof, 

And thrice threefold the Gates; three folds were Brass, 

Three Iron, three of Adamantine Rock, 

Impenitrable, impal'd with circling fire, 

Yet unconsum'd. Before the Gates there sat 

On either side a formidable shape; 

The one seem'd Woman to the waste, and fair, 65 

But ended foul in many a scaly fould 

Voluminous and vast, a Serpent arm'd 

With mortal sting: about her middle round 

A cry of Hell Hounds never ceasing bark'd 

With wide Cerberean mouths full loud, and rung 

A hideous Peal: yet, when they list, would creep. 

If aught disturb'd thir noyse, into her woomb, 

And kennel there, yet there still bark'd and howl'd 

Within unseen. Farr less abhorrd then these 

Vex'd S^lla bathing in the Sea that parts 66 

Calabria from the hoarce Trinacrian shore : 

Nor ugher follow the Night-Hag, when call'd 

In secret, riding through the Air she comes 

Lur'd with the smell of infant blood, to dance 

With Lapland Witches, while the labouring Moon 

Eclipses at thir charms. The other shape. 

If shape it might be call'd that shape had none 

Distinguishable in member, joynt, or limb, 

Or substance might be call'd that shadow seem'd. 

For each seem'd either; black it stood as Night, 6f 

Fierce as ten Furies, terrible as Hell, 

And shook a dreadful Dart; what seem'd his head 

The likeness . of a Kingly Crown had on. 

Satan was now at hand, and from his seat 

The Monster moving onward came as fast. 

With horrid strides, Hell trembled as he strode. 

Th' undaunted Fiend what this might be admir'd, 

Admir'd, not fear'd ; God and his Son except. 

Created thing naught vallu'd he nor shun'd; 

And with disdainful look thus first began. 681 

Whence and what art thou, execrable shape, 
That dar'st, though grim and terrible, advance 



by Google 



"Paradise host. 



Thy miscreated Front ithwirt 


my way 


To yo d G h h h 


I m pass. 


That b d 1 1 


k f h 


Retire, hy f 11 d 


byp f 


Hell-b d 1 


p f Heav'n. 


To h h G bl f 11 f 


w h plyd 


Art th h T A g 1 


1 h 


Who fi b k pe Hea 


d F h li the; 


Uabrok d p d b 11 


Am 


Drew f h m h b d p 


f H S s 


Conjurd 1 hgh t, f 


i^h h b h Thou 


And th y f G d 


h d mn'd 


To was E Id 


d p ? 


And r k h h If 


1 Si f H av-n, 



Hell-doomd, and breath st defiance here and scorn, 
Where I reign King, and to enrage thee more. 
Thy King and Lord? Back to thy punishment, 
False fugitive, and to thy speed add wings, 
Least with a whip of Scorpions I pursue 
Thy lingring, or with one stroke of this Dart 
Strange horror seise thee, and pangs unfelt before. 

So spake the grieslie terrour, and in shape, 
So speaking and so threatning, grew ten fold 
More dreadful and deform ; on th' other side 
Incenc't with indignation Satan stood 
Unterrifi'd, and like a Comet burn'd, 
That fires the length of Ophiums huge 
In th' Artick Sky, and from his horrid hair 
Shakes Pestilence and Warr. Each at the Head 
Level'd his deadly aime ; ihir fatall hands 
No second stroke intend, and such a frown 
Each cast at th' other, as when two black Clouds 
With Heav'ns Artillery fraught, come rattling on 
Over the Caspian, then stand front to front 
Hov'ring a space, till Winds the signal blow 
To joyn thir dark Encounter in mid air ; 
So frownd the mighty Combatants, that Hell 
Grew darker at thir frown, so matcht they stood ; 
For never but once more was either like 
To meet so great a foe : and now great deeds 
Had been achiev'd, whereof alt\Hell had rung, 
Had not the Snakie Sorceress that sat 



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.".] Taradise Lost. 

Fast by Hell Gate, and kept the fatal Key, 
Ris'n, and with hideous outcry rush'd between. 

O Father, what intends thy hand, she cry'd, 
Against thy only Son? What fury O Son, 
Possesses thee to bend that mortal Dart 
Against thy Fathers head? and know'st for whom; 
For him who sits above and laughs the while 
At thee ordain'd bis drudge, to execute 
What e're his wrath, which he calls Justice, bids. 
His wrath which one day will destroy ye both. 

She spake, and at her words the hellish Pest 
Forbore, then these to her Salan return'd : 

So strange thy outcry, and thy words so strange 
Thou interposes!, that my sudden hand 
Prevented spares to tell thee yet by deeds 
What it intends ; till first I know of thee, 
What thing thou art, thus double-form 'd, and why 
In this infernal Vaile first met thou call'st 
Me Father, and that Fantasm call'st my Son? 
I know thee not, nor ever saw till now 
Sight more detestable then him and thee. 

T' whom thus the Portress of Hell Gate reply'd; 
Hast thou forgot me then, and do I seem 
Now in thine eye so foul, once deemd so fair 
In Heav'n, when at th' Assembly, and in sight 
Of all the Seraphim with thee combin'd 
In bold conspiracy against Heav'ns King, 
All on a sudden miserable pain 
Surpris'd £hee, dim thine eyes, and dizzie swumm 
In darkness, while thy head flames thick and fast 
Threw forth, till on the left side op'ning wide, 
Likest to thee in shape and count'nance bright. 
Then shining heav'niy fair, a Goddess arm'd 
Out of thy head I sprung ; amazement seis'd 
All th' Host of Heav'n; back they recoild aifraid 
At first, and call'd me Sin, and for a Sign 
Portentous held me ; but familiar grown, 
I pleas'd, and with attractive graces won 
The most averse, thee chiefly, who full oft 
Thy self in me thy perfect image viewing 
Becam'st enamour'd, and such joy thou took'st 
With me in secret, that my womb conceiv'd 
C"9) 



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'Paradise Lost. [b* 

A growing burden. Mean while Warr arose, 

And fields were fought in Heav'n ; wherein remaind 

(For what could else) to our Almighty Foe 

Cteer Victory, to our part Soss and rout 

Through al! the Empyrean : down they fell 

Driv'n headlong from the Pitch of Heaven, down 

Into this Deep, and in the general fall 

I also; at which time this powerfu! Key 

Into my hand was giv'n, with chat^e to keep 

These Gates for ever shut, which none can pass 

Without my op'ning. Pensive here I sat 

Alone, but long I sat not, till my womb 

Pregnant by thee, and now excessive grown 

Prodigious motion felt and rueful throes. 

At last this odious offspring whom thou seest 

Thine own begotten, breaking violent way 

Tore through my entrails, that with fear and pain 

Distorted, all my nether shape thus grew 

Transform'd : but he my inbred enemie 

Forth issu'd, brandishing his fatal Dart 

Made to destroy : I fled, and cry'd out Death ; 

Heli trembl'd at the hideous Name, and sigh'd 

From all her Caves, and back resounded Death. 

I fled, but he pursu'd (though more, it seems, 

Inflam'd with lust then rage) and swifter far. 

Me overtook his mother all dismaid, 

And in embraces forcible and foule 

Ingendring with me, of that rape begot 

These yelling Monsters that with ceasless cry 

Surround me, as thou sawst, hourly conceiv'd 

And hourly born, with sorrow infinite 

To me, for when they list into the womb 

That bred them they return, and howle and gnaw 

My Bowels, their repast ; then bursting forth 

Afresh with conscious terrours vex me round. 

That rest or intermission none I find. 

Before mine eyes in opposition sits 

Grim Death my Son and fo9, who sets them on, 

And me his Parent would full soon devour 

For want of other prey, but that he knows 

His end with mine involvd ; and knows that I 

Should prove a bitter Morsel, and his bane, 

(...) 



by Google 



".] Taradise Lost. 

When e\er that shall be , so Jate proiiounc'd. 

But thou Father, I forewarn thee, shun 8 

His deadly arrow, neither ^alnlJ hope 

To be invulnerable m those bright Arms, 

Though temperd heav nly, for that mortal ditit, 

Save he who reigns above, none can resist. 

She finish d, and the suttie Fiend his lore 
Soon learnd now milder, and thus answerd smooth. 
Dear Daughter, since thou claim st me for thy Sire, 
And my fair Son here shoHSt me, the dear pledge 
Of dalliance had v,ith thee m Heav'n, and joys 
Then sweet, now sad to mention, through dire change s 
Befalln us unforeseen, unthought of, know 
I come no enemie, but to set free 
From out this dark and dismal house of pain. 
Both him and thee, and all the heav'nly Host 
Of Spirits that in our just pretenses arm'd 
Fell with us from on high from them I go 
This uncouth errand sole, and one for all 
My self expose, with lonel> steps to tread 
Th' unfounded deep, & through the void immense 
To search with wandring quest a place foretold f 

Should be, and, by concurring signs, ere now 
Created vast and round, a place of bliss 
In the Pourlieues of Heav'n, and therein plac't 
A race of upstart Creatures, to supply 
Perhaps our vacant room, though more remov'd. 
Least Heav'n surcharg'd with potent multitude 
Might hap to move new broiles : Be this or aught 
Then this more secret now design'd, I haste 
To know, and this once known, shall soon return. 
And bring ye to the place where Thou and Death i 
Shall dwell at ease, and up and down unseen 
Wing silently the buxom Air, imbalm'd 
With odours ; there ye shall be fed and fill'd 
Immeasurably, all things shall be your prey. 
He ceas'd, for both seemd highly pleasd, and Death 
Grinnd horrible a gastly smile, to hear 
His famine should be fiU'd, and blest his mawe 
Destin'd to that good hour : no less rejoyc'd 
His mother bad, and thus bespake her Sire. 

The key of this infernal Pit by due, i 



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Taradise Lost. [bk 

And by command of Heav'ns all-powerful King 
I keep, by him forbidden to unlock 
These Adamantine Gates; against all force 
Death ready stands to interpose his dart, 
Fearless to be o'rematcht by living might. 
But what ow I to his commands above 
Who hates me, and hath hither thrust me down 
Into this gloom of Tartarus profound. 
To sit in hateful Office here confin'd. 
Inhabitant of Heav'n, and heav'nlie-born, 
Here in perpetual agonie and pain. 
With terrors and with clamors compasst round 
Of mine own broody that on my bowels feed ; 
Thou art my Father, thou my Author, thou 
My being gay's! me ; whom should I obey 
But thee, whom follow? thou wilt bring me soon 
To that new world of light and bliss, among 
The Gods who live at ease, where I shall Reign 
At thy right hand voluptuous, as beseems 
Thy daughter and thy darling, without end. 
Thus saying, from her side the fatal Key, 
Sad instrument of all our woe, she took ; 
And towards the Gate rouling her bestial train, 
Forthwith the huge Portcullis high up drew, 
Which but her self not all the Stygian powers 
Could once have mov'd ; then in the key-hole turns 
Th' intricate wards, and every Bolt and Bar 
Of massie Iron or sollid Rock with ease 
Unfast'ns : on a sudden op'n flie 
With impetuous recoile and jarring sound 
Th' infernal dores, and on thir hinges grate 
Harsh Thunder, that the lowest bottom shook 
Of Erebus. She op'nd, but to shut 
Exceld her power the Gates wide op'n stood, 
That with extended wmgs a Bannerd Host 
Under spread Ensigns marching might pass through 
With Horse and Cli^riots nnkt m loose array; 
So wide they stood and like a Furnace mouth 
Cast forth redounding smoak and ruddy flame. 
Before thtr eyes m sudden view appear 
The secrets of the hoane deep, a dark 
Illimitable Ocean without bound, 



bsGoogk' 



:■"■] Taradise Lost. 

AVithout dimension where length, breadth, and highth, 

And time and place are lost ; where eldest Night 

And Chaos, Ancestors, of Nature, hold 

Eternal Anarchie, amidst the noise 

Of endless warrs, and by confusion stand. 

For hot, cold, moist, and dry, four Champions fierce 

Strive here for Maistrie, and to Battel bring 

Thir embryon Atoms ; they around the flag 9 

Of each his faction, in thlr several Clanns, 

Light-arm'd or heavy, sharp, smooth, swift or slow. 

Swarm populous, unnumber'd as the Sands 

Of Barca or Cyrene's torrid soil, 

Levied to side with warring Winds, and poise 

Thir lighter wings. To whom these most adhere, 

Hee rules a moment ; Chaos Umpire sits, 

And by decision more imbroiles the fray 

By which he Reigns : next him high Arbiter 

Chance governs all. Into this wilde Abyss, g 

The Womb of nature and perhaps her Grave, 

Of neither Sea, nor Shore, nor Air, nor Fire, 

But all these in thir pregnant causes mixt 

Confus'dly, and which thus must ever fight, 

Unless th' Almighty Maker them ordain 

His dark materials to create more Worlds, 

Into this wild Abyss the warie fiend 

Stood on the brink of Hell and look'd a while, 

Pondering his Voyage : for no narrow frith 

He had to cross. Nor was his eare less peal'd g 

With noises loud and ruinous (to compare 

Great things with small) then when Bellona storms, 

With all her battering Engines bent to rase 

Som Capital City, or less then if this frame 

Of Heav'n were falling, and these Elements 

In mutinie had from her Axle torn 

The stedfast Earth. At last his Sail-broad Vannes 

He spreads for flight, and in the surging smoak 

Uplifted spurns the ground, thence many a League 

As in a cloudy Chair ascending rides < 

Audacious, but that seat soon failing, meets 

A vast vacuitie : all unawares 

Fluttring his pennons vain plumb down he drops 

Ten thousand fadom deep, and to this hour 

("J 



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Taradise Lost. [bk.i 

Down had been falling, had not by ill chance 

The strong rebuff of som tumultuous cloud 

Instinct with Fire and Nitre hurried him 

As many miles aloft : that furie stay'd, 

Quencht in a Boggle Syrtts, neither Sea, 

Nor good dry Land : nigh founderd on he fares, 54 

Treading the crude consistence, half on foot, 

Half flying; behoves him now both Oare and Saile. 

As when a Gryfon through the Wilderness 

With winged course ore Hill or moarie Dale, 

Pursues the Arimaspian, who by stelth 

Had from his wakeful custody purloind 

The guarded Gold : So eagerly the fiend 

Ore hog or steep, through strait, rough, dense, or tare, 

With head, hands, wings, or feet pursues his way. 

And swims or sinks, or wades, or creeps, or iiyes : 95 

At length a universal hubbub wilde 

Of stunning sounds and voices all confus'd 

Born through the hollow dark assaults his eare 

With loudest vehemence: thither he plyes, 

Undaunted to meet there what ever power 

Or Spirit of the nethermost Abyss 

Might in that noise reside, of whom to ask 

Which way the neerest coast of darkness lyes 

Bordering on light; when strait behold the Throne 

Of Chaos, and his dark Pavilion spread 96 

Wide on the wasteful Deep ; with him Enthron'd 

Sat Sable-vested Night, eldest of things. 

The Consort of his Reign ; and by them stood 

Orcus and Ades, and the dreaded name 

Of Demogorgon ; Rumor next and Chance, 

And Tumult and Confusion all imbroild, 

And Discord with a thousand various mouths. 

T' whom Satan turning boldly, thus. Ye Powers 
And Spirits of this nethermost Abyss, 
Chaos and ancient Nigkt, I come no Spie, 97 

With purpose to explore or to disturb 
The secrets of your Realm, but by constraint 
Wandring this darksome desart, as my way 
Lies through your spacious Empire up to light. 
Alone, and without guide, half lost, I seek 
What readiest path leads where your gloomie bounds 

("4) 



by Google 



■ •'■: Paradise Lost. 

Confine with Heav'n ; or if som other place 
From your Dominion won, th' Ethereal King 
Possesses lately, thither to arrive 
I travel this profound, direct my course; 
Directed, no mean recompence it brings 
To your behoof, if I that Region lost, 
AH usurpation thence expell'd, reduce 
To het original darkness and your sway 
{Which is my present journey) and once more 
Erect the Standerd there of andent Night ; 
Yours be th' advantage all, mine the revenge. 

Thus Satan ; and him thus the Anarch old 
With faultring speech and visage incompos'd 
Answer'd. I know thee, stranger, who thou art. 
That mighty leading Angel, who of late 
Made head against Heav'ns King, though overthrown. 
I saw and hrard, for such a numerous host 
Fled not in silence through the frighted deep 
With ruin upon ruin, rout on rout, 
Confusion worse confounded ; and Heav'n Gates 
Pourd out by millions her victorious Bands 
Pursuing. I upon my Frontieres here 
Keep residence; if all I can will serve, 
That little which is left so to defend i 

Encroacht on still through our intestine broiles 
Weakning the Scepter of old Night : first Hell 
Your dungeon stretching far and wide beneath ; 
Now lately Heaven and Earth, another World 
Hung ore my Realm, link'd in a golden Chain 
To that side Heav'n from whence your Legions fell ; 
If that way be your walk, you have not farr ; 
So much the neerer danger ; goe and speed ; 
Havock and spoil and ruin are my gain. 

He ceas'd; and Satan staid not to reply, r 

But glad that now his Sea should find a shore. 
With fresh alacritie and force renew'd 
Springs upward like a Pyramid of fire 
Into the wilde Expanse, cand through the shock 
Of fighting Elements, on all sides round 
Environ'd wins his way ; harder beset 
And more endanger'd, then when Argo pass'd 
Through Bosporus betwixt the justling Rocks: 
("S) Q 



Hosted by GoOt^lc 



'Paradise Lost. b 

Or when Ufysses on the Larbord shunnd 

Charybdis and by th other whirlpool steatd 

So he w th difticuUy and labour hard 

Movd on with d fficulty -ind Hbonr hee 

But hee once pist soon after when man fell 

Strange alteration S n and Deith amain 

Following his track such was the will of Heav'n, 

Pavd after hm i bro-id and beatn way 

Oier the dark Abyss whose boiling Gulf 

Timely endurd i Bridge of wondrous length 

From Hell contmud reaching th utmost Orbe 

Of this frail World by which the Spirits ler^erse 

\\ith easie intercourse pass to and fto 

To tempt or punish mortals except whom 

God and good Angels guard by pecial ^race 

But now at last the sacred influence 

Of Ight appears and frr n the wills of Hei^ n 

Shoots firr into the boso n of dim N t,ht 

A glimmer ng dawn here Nature first begins 

Her fardest verge -ind Chaos ts retire 

As from her outmost woiks a brokn foe 

W ith tumult less and with less hostile din 

That Satan w th less tod and now w th case 

V\ afts on the calmer wave by dub ous light 

^nd 1 ke a weather beaten Vessel holds 

Gladl) the Port though Shrouds and Tackle torn ; 

Or in the ei iptier waste resembling Air 

W c ghs h s spread wings at leasure to behold 

Farr off th Emp)real Hea^ n extended wide 

In circu t, undetermmd square or round 

With Opal Towrs and Battlements adorn d 

Of living Saphire once his natue beat 

And fast bj hangiig m a golden Ghain 

This pendant world in bigness as a Stair 

Of smallest Magnitude clost by the Moon 

Thither fill fraught w th mischievous revenge 

-Accurst and in a cuised hour he hies 

The End of the Second Book 



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PARADISE LOST. 

BOOK III. 

THE ARGUMENT. 

God sitting on his Throne sess Ssa.njfying towards this -world, then 
newly created; sksTus him to the Son who sat at his right handj 
foretells the success o/ Satan in perverting mankind; clears his own 
Justice and Wisdom from all imputation, having created Man free 
and able enough to harve ■withstood his Tempter; yet declares his 
purpose of grace towards him, in regard he fell not of his own malice, 
as did Satan, but by hinfiedui^ t. The Son of God renders praises to his 
Fa/her for the manifestation of his grctdous purpose towards Man; 
but Goa again declares, that Grace cannot be extended towards Man 
without the satisfaction of divine Justice; Man hath offended the 
majesty of God by aspiring to Godhead, and therefore -with all his 
Progeny devoted to death must dye, unless some one can be found 
sufficient to answer for his offence, and undergoe his Punishment. The 
Son of God freely offers himself a Ransome for Man : the Father 
accepts him, ordains his incarnation, pronounces his exaltation above all 
Names in Heaven and Earth; commands all the Angels to adore 
him; tkey obey, and hymning to their Harps in full Q^ire, celebrate 
the Father arid the Son, Mean while Satan alights upon the bare 
convex of this Worlds outermost Orb; where wandring he first finds 
a place since call'd The Lymbo of Vanify; what persons and things 
fly up thither; thence comes to the Gate of Heaven, descriHd ascending 
by stairs, and the waters above the Firmament that flow about it: 
His passage thence to the Orb of the Sun; he finds there Uriel ths 
Regent of that Orb, but first changes himself into the shape of a 
meaner Angel; and pretending a zealous desire to behold ike new 
Creation and Man whom God had pla^t here, inquires of him the 
place of his habitation, and is difected; alights first on Mount 
Niphates. 

Hail holy light, ofspring of Heav'n first-born, 
Or of th' Eternal Coeternal beam 
May I express thee unbkm'd ? since God is light, 
And never but in unapproached light 
(..7) Q . 



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Taradise Lost. Ce 

Dwelt from Eternitie, dwelt then in thee. 
Bright effluence of bright essence increate. 
Or hear'st thou rather pure Ethereal stream, 
Whose Fountain who shall tell? before the Sun, 
Before the Heavens thou wert, and at the voice 
Of God, as with a Mantle didst invest 
The rising world of waters dark and deep, 
Won from the void and formless infinite. 
Thee I re-visit now with bolder wing, 
Escap't the Stygian Pool, though long detain'd 
In that obscure sojourn, while in my flight 
Through utter and through middle darkness borne 
With other notes then to th' Orphean Lyre 
I sung of Chaos and Eternal Night, 
Taught by the heav'nly Muse to venture down 
The dark descent, and up to reascend. 
Though hard and rare : thee I revisit safe, 
And feel thy sovran vital Lamp; but thou 
Revisit'st not these eyes, that rowle in vain 
To find thy piercing ray, and find no dawn ; 
So thick a drop serene hath quencht thir Orbs, 
Or dim suffusion veild. Yet not the more 
Cease I to wander where the Muses haunt 
Cleer Spring, or shadie Grove, or Sunnie Hill, 
Smit with the love of sacred song ; but chief 
Thee Sion and the flowrie Brooks beneath 
That wash thy hallowd feet, and warbling flow, 
Nightly I visit : nor somtimes forget 
Those other two equal'd with me in Fate, 
So were I equal'd with them in renown, 
Blind Tkamyris and blind Maonides, 
And Tiresias and Phineus Prophets old. 
Then feed on thoughts, that voluntarie move 
Harmonious numbers ; as the wakeful Bird 
Sings darkling, and in shadiest Covert hid 
Tunes her nocturnal Note. Thus with the Year 
Seasons return, but not to me returns 
Day, or the sweet approach of Ev'n or Morn, 
Or sight of vernal bloom, or Summers Rose, 
Or flocks, or herds, or human face divine ; 
But cloud in stead, and ever-during dark 
Surrounds me, from the chearful waies of men 
(,.8) 



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:.iii.] Taradise Lost. 

Cut off, and for the Book of knowledg fair 

Presented with a Universal blanc 

Of Natures works to mee expung'd and ras'd, 

And wisdome at one entrance quite shut out. 

So much the rather thou Celestial light 

Shine inward, and the mind through all her powers 

Irradiate, there plant eyes, all mist from thence 

Purge and disperse, that I may see and tell 

Of things invisible to mortal sight. 

Now had the Almighty Father from above, 
From the pure Empyrean where he sits 
High Thron'd above all highth, bent down his eye. 
His own works and their works at once to view : 
About him all the Sanctities of Heaven 
Stood thick as Starrs, &d from his sight receiv'd 
Beatitude past utterance; on his right 
The radiant image of his Glory sat, 
His onely Son ; On Earth he first beheld 
Our two first Parents, yet the onely two 
Of mankind, in the happie Garden plac't, 
Reaping immortal fruits of joy and love. 
Uninterrupted joy, unrivald love 
In blissful solitude ; he then survey'd , 

Hell and the Gulf between, and Satan there 
Coasting the wall of Heav'n on this side Night 
In the dun Air sublime, and ready now 
To stoop with wearied wings, and willing feet 
On the bare outside of this World, that seem'd 
Firm land imbosom'd without Firmament, 
Uncertain which, in Ocean or in Air. 
Him God beholding from bis prospect high, 
Wherein past, present, future he beholds. 
Thus to his onely Son foreseeing spake. 

Onely begotten Son, seest thou what rage 
Transports our adversarie, whom no bounds 
Prescrib'd, no barrs of Hell, nor all the chains 
Heapt on him there, nor yet the main Abyss 
Wide interrupt can hold ; so bent he seems 
On desperat revenge, that shall redound 
Upon his own rebellious head. And now 
Through all restraint broke loose he wings his way 
Not farr off Heav'n, in the Precincts of light, 

("») 



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Taradtse Lost. [««■" 

Directly towards the new created World, 

And Man there plac't, with purpose to assay g 

If him by force he can destroy, or worse, 

By som false guile pervert; and shall pervert; 

For man will heark'n to his glozing lyes. 

And easily transgress the sole Command, 

Sole pledge of his obedienee : So will fall 

Hee and his faithless Prt^enie : whose fault ? 

Whose but his own? ingrate, he had of mee 

All he could have ; I made him just and right, 

SufRcient to have stood, though free to fall. 

Such I created all th' Ethereal Powers la 

And Spirits, both them who stood & them who faild ; 

Freely they stood who stood, and fell who fell. 

Not free, what proof could they have givn sincere 

Of true allegiance, constant Faith or Love, 

Where onely what they needs must do, appeard. 

Not what they would? what praise could they receive? 

What pleasure I from such obedience paid, 

When Will and Reason (Reason also is choice) 

Useless and vain, of freedom both despoild, 

Made passive both, had servd necessitie, n 

Not mee. They therefore as to right belongd, 

So were created, nor can justly accuse 

Thir maker, or thir making, or thir Fate ; 

^As if r^edesUnatioti over-nil'd 
Thir will, dispos'd by absolute Decree 

J? Or high foreknowledge; they themselves decreed 
Thir own revoltfnot I ; if I foreknew. 
Foreknowledge had no influence on their fault. 
Which had no less prov'd certain unforeknown. 
So without least impulse or shadow of Fate, \2 

Or aught by me immutablie foreseen, 
They trespass, Authors to themselves in all 
Both what they judge and what they choose; for so 
I formed them free, and free they must remain. 
Till they enthrall themselves r I else must change 
Thir nature, and revoke the high Decree 
Unchangeable, Eternal, which ordain'd 
Thir freedom, they themselves ordain'd thir fall. 
The first sort by thir own suggestion fell. 
Self-tempted, self-deprav'd ; Man falls deceiv'd 13 

(-30) 



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jii] Taradise Lost. 

By the other first ; Man therefore shall find grace, 
The other none : in Mercy and Justice both, 
Through Heav'n and Earth, so shall my glorie excel, 
But Mercy first and last shall brightest shine. 

Thus while God spake, ambrosial fragrance fiU'd 
All Heav'n, and in the blessed Spirits elect 
Sense of new joy ineffable diffus'd : 
Beyond compare the Son of God was seen 
Most glorious, in him all his Father shon 
Substantially express'd, and in his face 
Divine compassion visibly appeerd, 
Love ivithout end, and without measure Grace, 
Which uttering thus he to his Father spake. 

O Father, gracious was that word which clos'd 
Thy sovran sentence, that Man should find grace ; 
For which both Heav'n and Earth shall high estoll 
Thy praises, with th' innumerable sound 
Of Hymns and sacred Songs, wherewith thy Throne 
Encompass'd shall resound thee ever blest. 
For should Man finally be lost, should Man 
Thy creature late so lov'd, thy youngest Son 
Fall circumvented thus by fraud, though joynd 
With his own folly? that be from thee farr. 
That farr be from thee. Father, who art Judge 
Of all things made, and judgest onely right. 
Or shall the Adversarie thus obtain 
His end, and frustrate thine, shall he fulfill 
His malice, and liiy goodness bring to naught, 
Or proud return though to his heavier doom. 
Yet with revenge accomplish't and to Hell 
Draw after him the whole Race of mankind. 
By him corrupted ? or wilt thou thy self 
Abolish thy Creation, and unmake. 
For him, what for thy glorie thou hast made? 
So should thy goodness and thy greatness both 
Be questiond and blaspheam'd without defence. 

To whom the great Creatour thus reply'd. 
O Son, in whom my Soul hath chief delight. 
Son of ray bosom. Son who art alone 
My word, my wisdom, and efiectual might. 
All hast thou spok'n as my thoughts are, all 
As my Eternal purpose hath decreed : 
(.3=) 



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'Paradise Lj}St. [bk 

Man shall not quite be lost, but sav'd who will. 
Yet not of will in him, but grace in me 
Freely voutsaft ; once more I will renew 
His lapsed powers, though forfeit and enthrall'd 
By sin to foul exorbitant desires; 
Upheld by me, yet once more he shall stand 
On even ground against his mortal foe, 
By me upheld, that he may know how frai! 
His fall'n condition is, and to me ow 
All his deliv'rance, and to none but me. 
Some I have chosen of peculiar grace 
Elect above the rest ; so is my will : 
The rest shall hear me call, and oft be warnd 
Thir sinful state, and to appease betimes 
Th' incensed Deitie while offerd grace 
Invites ; for I will deer thir senses dark. 
What may suffice, and soft'n stonie hearts 
To pray, repent, and bring obedience due. 
To prayer, repentance, and obedience due, 
Though but endevord with sincere intent, 
Mine eare shall not be slow, mine eye not shut. 
And I will place within them as a guide 
My Umpire Conscience, whom if they will hear. 
Light after light well us'd they shall attain. 
And to the end persisting, safe arrive. 
This my long sufferance and my day of grace 
They who neglect and scorn, shall never taste ; 
But hard be hard'nd, blind be blinded more, 
That they may stumble on, and deeper fail; 
And none but such from mercy I exclude. 
But yet all is not don; Man disobeying. 
Disloyal breaks his fealtie, and sinns 
gainst the high Supremacie of Heav'n, 
Affecting God-head, and so loosing all. 
To expiate his Treason hath naught left, 
But to destruction sacred and devote. 
He with his whole posteritie must die. 
Die hee or Justice must ; unless for him 
Som other able, and as willing, pay 
The rigid satisfaction, death for death. 
Say Heav'nly Powers, where shall we find such love. 
Which of ye will be mortal to redeem 
(■3.) 



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:.iii.] Taradise Lost. 

Mans mortal crime, and just th' unjust to save, 
Dwels in all Heaven charitie so deare? 

He asfd, but all the Heav'nly Quire stood mute, 
And silence was in Heav'n : on mans behalf 
Patron or Intercessor none appeerd, 
Much Jess that durst upon his own head draw 
The deadly forfeiture, and ransom set. 
And now without redemption all mankind 
Must have bin lost, adjudg'd to Death and Heil 
By doom severe, had not the Son of God, 
In whom the fulness dwels of love divine. 
His dearest mediation thus renewd. 

Father, thy word is past, man shall fjnd grace ; 
And shall grace not find means, that finds her way. 
The speediest of thy winged messengers, 
To visit all thy creatures, and to all 
Comes unprevented, unimplor'd, unsought, 
Happie for man, so coming ; he her aide 
Can never seek, once dead in sins and lost ; 
Attonement for himself or offering meet. 
Indebted and undon, hath none to bring : 
Behold mee then, mee for him, life for life 
I oifer, on mee let thine anger fall ; 
Account mee man ; I for his sake will leave 
Thy bosom, and this glorie next to thee 
Freely put off, and for him lastly die 
Well pleas'd, on me let Death wreck all his rage; 
Under his gloomie power I shall not long 
Lie vanquisht ; thou hast givn me to possess 
Life in my self for ever, by thee I live, 
Though now to Death I yeild, and am his due 
All that of me can die, yet that debt paid, 
Thou wilt not leave me in the loathsom grave 
His prey, nor suffer my unspotted Soule 
For ever with corruption there to dwell ; 
But I shall rise Victorious, and subdue 
My Vanquisher, spoild of his vanted spoile ; 
Death his deaths wound shall then receive, & stoop 
Inglorious, of his mortall sting disarm'd. 
I through the ample Air in Triumph high 
Shall lead Hell Captive maugre Hell, and show 
The powers of darkness bound. Thou at the sight 
C"33) 



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Taradise Lost. Tb 

Pleas'd, out of Heaven shalt look down and smile, 

While by thee rais'd I ruin all my Foes, 

Death last, and with his Carcass glut the Grave; 

Then with the multitude of my redeemd 

Shall enter Heaven long ahsent, and returne. 

Father, to see thy face, wherein no cloud 

Of anger shall remain, but peace assur'd. 

And reconcilement; wrauth shall be no more 

Thenceforth, but in thy presence Joy entire. 

His words here ended, but his meek aspect 
Silent yet spake, and breath'd immortal love 
To mortal men, above which only shon 
Filial obedience : as a sacrifice 
Glad to be offer'd, he attends the will 
Of his great Father. Admiration seis'd 
All Heav'n, what this might mean, & whither tend 
Wondring ; but soon th' Almighty thus veply'd : 

O thou in Heav'n and Earth the only peace 
Found out for mankind under wrauth, O thou 
My' sole complacence ! well thou know'st how dear, 
/To me are all my works, nor Man the least 
Though last created, that for him I spare 
Thee from my bosom and right hand, to save. 
By loosing thee a while, the whole Race lost. 
Tliou therefore whom thou only canst redeeme, 
Thir Nature also to thy Nature joyne ; 
And be thy self Man among men on Earth, 
Made flesh, when time shall be, of Virgin seed. 
By wondrous birth : Be thou in Adams room 
The Head of all mankind, though Adams Son. 
As in him perish all men, so in thee 
As from a second root shall be restor'd. 
As many as ate restor'd, without thee none. 
His crime makes guiltie all his Sons, thy merit 
Imputed shall absolve them who renounce 
Thir own both righteous and unrighteous deeds, 
And hve in thee transplanted, and from thee 
Receive new life. So Man, as is most just, 
Shall satisfie for Man, be judg'd and die, 
And dying rise, and rising with him raise 
His Brethren, ransomd with his own dear life. 
So Heav'nly love shal outdoo HeUish hate, 
(-34) 



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I'l] Taradise Lost. 

Giving to death and dyin" to redeetne 
So de. 1> t d n h t H 11 h h t 300 

So ea ly d t > d d t II d t j 
In th wh h th y y [t n t grace. 

No h It th u bj d d g t 
Ma N tur 1 n d £■ d tl n 
Beca th hast th gh Th d n h hest bliss 
Equal to God, and equally enjoying 
God-like fruition, quitted all to save 
A World from utter loss, and hast been found 
By Merit more then Birthright Son of God, 
Found worthiest to be so by being Good, 310 

Farr more then Great or High ; because in thee 
Love hath abounded more then Glory abounds. 
Therefore thy Humiliation shall exalt \ 

With thee thy Manhood also to this Throne; 
Here shalt thou sit incarnate, here shalt Reigne 
Both God and Man, Son both of God and Man, 
Anointed universal King^; all Power 
I give thee, reign for ever, and assume 
Thy Merits; under thee as Head Supream 
Thrones, Princedoms, Powers, Dominions I reduce: 320 
All knees to thee shall bow, of them that bide 
In Heaven, or Earth, or under Earth in Hell ; i 

When thou attended gloriously from Heav'n \ 

Shalt in the Skie appeer, and from thee send 
The summoning Arch-Angels to proclaime \ 

Thy dread Tribunal : forthwith from all Windes \ 

The living, and forthwith the cited dead \ 

Of all past Ages to the general Doom ~>. 

Shall hast'n, such a peal shall rouse thir sleep. 
Then all thy Saints assembl'd, thou shalt judge 330 

Bad men and Angels, they arraignd shall sink 
Beneath thy Sentence ; Hell, her numbers full. 
Thenceforth shall be for ever shut. Mean while 
The World shall burn, and from her ashes spring 
New Heav'n and Earth, wherein the just shall dwell 
And after all thir tribulations long 
See golden days, fruitful of golden deeds, 
With Joy and Love triumphing, and fair Truth. 
Then thou thy regal Scepter shalt lay by, 
For regal Scepter then no more shall need, 340 

(■3S) 



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Taradise Lost. [bk.i 

God shall be All in All. But all ye Gods, 
Adore him, who to compass all this dies, 
Adore the Son, and honour him as mee. 

No sooner had th' Almighty ceas't, but all 
The multitude of Angels with a shout 
Loud as from numbers without number, sweet 
As from blest voices, uttering joy, Heav'n rung 
With Jubilee, and loud Hosannas fill'd 
Th' eternal Regions ; lowly reverent 
Towards either Throne they bow, & to the ground = 
With solemn adoration down they cast 
Thir Crowns inwove with Amarant and Gold, 
Immortal Amarant, a Flour which once 
In Paradise, fast by the Tree of Life 
Began ip bloom, but soon for mans offence 
To Heav'n remov'd where first it grew, there grows, 
And flours aloft shading the Fount of Life, 
And where the river of Bliss through midst of Heavn 
Rowls o're Elisian Flours hfer Amber stream ; 
With these that never fade the Spirits Elect ; 

, Bind thir resplendent locks inwireath'd with beams. 
Now in loose Garlands thick thrown oiT, the bright 
Pavement that like a Sea of Jasper shon 
Impurpl'd with Celestial Roses smil'd. 
Then Crown'd again thir gold'n Harps they took. 
Harps ever tun'd, that glittering by thir side 
Like Quivers hung, and with Pr!eamble sweet 
Of charming symphonie they introduce 
Thir sacred Song, and waken raptures high ; 
No voice exempt, no voice but well could joine ; 

Melodious part; such concord is in Heav'n. 
Thee Father first they sung Omnipotent, 
Immutable, Immortal, Infinite, 
Eternal King ; thee Author of all being, 
Fountain of Light, thy self invisible 
Amidst the glorious brightness where thou sit'st 
Thron'd inaccessible, but when thou shad'st 
The full blaze of thy beams, and through a cloud 
Drawn round about thee like a radiant Shrine, 
Dark with excessive bright thy skirts appeer, 3 

Yet dazle Heav'n, that brightest Seraphim 
Approach not, but with both wings veil thir eyes. 



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■ '"■] Taradtse Lost. 

Thee next they sang of all Creation first, 

Begotten Son, Divine Similitude, 

In whose conspicuous count'nance, without c!oud 

Made visible, th' Almighty Father shines. 

Whom else no Creature can behold; on thee 

Impresst the effulgence of his Glorie abides, 

Transfus'd on thee his ample Spirit rests. 

Hee Heav'n of Heavens and all the Powers therein 

By thee created, and by thee threw down 

Th' aspiring Dominations : thou that day 

Thy Fathers dreadful Thunder didst not spare. 

Nor stop thy flaming Chariot wheels, that shook 

Heav'ns everlasting Frame, while o're the necks 

Thou drov'st of warring Angels disarraid. 

Back from pursuit thy Powers with loud acclaime 

Thee only extold, Son of thy Fathers might. 

To execute fierce vengeance on his foes, 

Not so on Man; him through their malice falt'n. 

Father of Mercie and Grace, thou didst not doome 

So strictly, but much more to pitie encHne : 

No sooner did thy dear and onely Son 

Perceive thee purpos'd not to doom frail Man 

So strictly, but much more to pitie enclin'd, 

He to appease thy wrauth, and end the strife 

Of Mercy and Justice in thy face discem'd, 

Regardless of the Bliss wherein hee sat 

Second to thee, ofierd himself to die 

For mans offence. O unexampl'd love, 

Love no where to be found less then Divine ! 

Hail Son of God, Saviour of Men, thy Name 

Shall be the copious matter of my Song 

Henceforth, and never shall my Harp thy praise 

Forget, nor from thy Fathers praise disjoine. 

Thus they in Heav'n^ above the starry Sphear, 
Thir happie hours in joy and hymning spent. 
Mean while upon the firm opacous Globe 
Of this round World, whose first convex divides 
The luminous inferior Orbs, enclos'd 
From Chaos and th' inroad of Darkness old, 
Satan alighted walks ; a Globe farr olif 
It seem'd, now seems a boundless Continent 
Dark, waste, and wild, under the frown of Night 



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'Paradise Lost. [bk.h 

Starless expos'd, and ever-threatning storms 
Of Chaos blustring round, inclement skie ; 
Save on that side whicli from the wall of Heav'n 
Though distant farr som small reflection gaines 
Of glimmering air less vext with tempest loud : 
Here walk'd the Fiend at large in spacious field. 4; 

As when a Vultur on Imaus bred. 
Whose snowie ridge the roving Tartar bounds. 
Dislodging from a Region scarce of prey 
To gorge the flesh of Lambs or yeanling Kids 
On Hills where Flocks are fed, flies toward the Springs 
Of Ganges or Hydaspes, Indian streams ; 
But in his way lights on the barren plaines 
f} Of Sericana, where Chineses drive 
With Sails and Wind thir canie Waggons light ; 
So on this windie Sea of Land, the Fiend ^. 

Walk'd up and down alone bent on his prey. 
Alone, for other Creature in this place 
Living or liveless to be found was none, 
None yet, but store hereafter from the earth 
Up hither like Aereal vapours flew 
Of all things transilorie and vain, when Sin 
With vanity had fiUd the works of men : 
Both all things vain, and all who in vain things 
Built their fond hopes of Glorie or lasting fame. 
Or happiness in this or th' other life ; 4 

All who have thir reward on Earth, the fruits 
Of painful Superstition and blind Zeal, 
Naught seeking but the praise of men, here find 
Fit retribution, emptie as thir deeds; 
All th' unaccomplisht works of Natures hand, 
Abortive, monstrous, or unkindly mixt, 
Dissolvd on earth, fleet hither, and in vain, 
Till final dissolution, wander here, 

Not in the neighbouring Moon, as some have dreamd ; 
Those argent Fields more likely habitants, 4 

Translated Saints, or middle Spirits hold 
Betwixt th' Angelical and Human kinde: 
Hither of ill-joynd Sons and Daughters born 
First from the ancient World those Giants came 
With many a vain exploit, though then renownd : 
The builders next of £aM on the Plain 



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BK.III.] Taradise Lost. 

Of Sennaar, and stii! with vain designe 
New Babels, had they wherewithal!, would build : 
Others came single; hee who to be deeind 
A God, leap'd fondly into y£tna flames 
Efnpedocles, and hee who to enjoy 
Plaids Elysium, leap'd into the Sea, 
Cleomhrotus, and many more too long, 
Embryos, and Idiots, Eremits and Friers 
White, Black and Grey, with all thir trumperie. 
Here Pilgrims roam, that stray'd so farr to seek 
In Golgotha him dead, who lives in Heav'n ; 
And they who to he sure of Paradise 
Dying put on the weeds of Dominic, 
Or in Franciscan think to pass disguis'd ; 
They pass the Planets seven, and pass the fixt, 
And that Crystalline Sphear whose ballance weighs 
The Trepidation talkt, and that first mov'd; 
And now Saint Peter at Heav'ns Wicket seems 
To wait them with his Keys, and now at foot 
Of Heav'ns ascent they lift thir Feet, when loe 
A violent cross wind from either Coast 
Blows them transverse ten thousand Leagues awry 
Into the devious Air; then might ye see 
Cowles, Hoods and Habits with thir wearers tost 
And flutterd into Raggs, then Reliques, Beads, 
Indulgences, Dispenses, Pardons, Bulls, 
The sport of Winds : all these upwhirld aloft 
Fly o're the backside of the World farr off 
Into a Limbo large and broad, since calld 
The Paradise of Fools, to few unknown 
Long after, now unpeopl'd, and untrod; 
All this dark Globe the Fiend found as he pass'd. 
And long he wanderd, till at last a gleame 
Of dawning light turnd thither-ward in haste 
His travell'd steps ; farr distant hee descries 
Ascending by degrees magnificent 
Up to the wall of Heaven a Structure high. 
At top whereof, but farr more rich appeerd 
The work as of a Kingly Palace Gate 
With Frontispice of Diamond and Gold 
Imbellisht, thick with sparkling orient Gemmes 
The Porta! shon, inimitable on Earth 
(>39) 



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"Paradise Lost. v 

By Model, or by shading Pencil drawn. 
The Stairs were such as whereon Jacob saw 
Angels ascending and descending, bands 
Of Guardians bright, when he from Esau fled 
To Padan-Aram in the field of Luz, 
Dreaming by night under the open Skie, 
And waking cri'd. This is the Gate of Heav'n. 
Each Stair mysteriously was meant, nor stood 
There aiwaies, but drawn up to Heav'n somtimes 
Viewless, and underneath a bright Sea flow'd 
Of Jasper, or of liquid Pearle, whereon 
Who after came from Earth, sayling arriv'd. 
Wafted by Angels, or flew o're the Lake 
Rapt in a Chariot drawn by fiery Steeds. 
The Stairs were then let down, whether to dare 
The Fiend by easie ascent, or aggravate 
His sad exclusion from the dores of Bliss. 
Direct against which op'nd from beneath. 
Just o're the blissful seat of Paradise, 
A passage down to th' Earth, a passage wide, 
Wider by farr then that of after-times 
Over Mount Swn, and, though that were large, 
Over the Fromis'd Land to God so dear, 
By which, to visit oft those happy Tribes, 
On high behests his Angels to and fro 
Pass'd frequent, and his eye with choice regard 
From Faneas the fount dl Jordam flood 
To Beersaba, where the Holy Land 
Borders on jEgypt and the Arabian shoare; 
So wide the op'ning seemd, where bounds were se' 
To darkness, such as bound the Ocean wave. 
Satan from hence now on the lower stair 
That scal'd by steps of Gold to Heav'n Gate 
Looks down with wonder at the sudden view 
Of all this World at once. As when a Scout 
Through dark and desart wayes with peril gone 
All night ; at last by break of chearful dawne 
Obtains the brow of some high-climbing Hill, 
Which to his eye discovers unaware 
The goodly prospect of some forein land 
First seen, or some renownd Metropolis 
With glistering Spires and Pinnacles adornd, 
(ho) 



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"I"-] 'Paradise Lost. 

Which now the Rising Sun guilds with his beams. 
Such wonder seis'd, though after Heaven seen. 
The Spirit maligna, but much more envy seis'd 
At sight of all this World beheld so faire. 
Round he surveys, and well might, where he stood 
So high above the circling Canopie 
Of Nights extended shade ; from Eastern Point 
Of Liirti to the fleecie Starr that bears 
Andromeda farr off Atlatitick Seas 
Beyond th' Horizon; then from Pole to Pole 
He views in bredth, and without longer pause 
Down right into the Worlds first Region throws 
His flight precipitant, and windes with ease 
Through the pure marble Air his oblique way 
Amongst innumerable Starrs, that shon 
Stars distant, but nigh hand seemd other Worlds, 
Or other Worlds they seerad, or happy lies, 
■ Like those Hesperian Gardens fam'd of old. 
Fortunate Fields, and Groves and flourie Vales, 
Thrice happy lies, but who dwelt happy there 
He stayd not to enquire; above them all 
The golden Sun in splendor likest Heaven 
Allur'd his eye : Thither his course he bends 
Through the calm Firmament; but up or downe 
By center, or eccentric, hard to tell. 
Or Longitude, where the great Luminarie 
Aiooff the vulgar Constellations thick. 
That from his Lordly eye keep distance due, 
Dispenses Light from farr ; they as they move 
Thir Starry dance in numbers that compute 
Days, months, and years, towards his all-chearing Lamp 
Turn" swift their various motions, or are turnd 
By his Magnetic beam, that gently warms 
The Univers, and to each inward part 
With gentle penetration, though unseen, 
Shoots invisible vertue even to the deep: 
So wondrously was set his Station bright. 
There lands the Fiend, a spot like which perhaps 
Astronomer in the Sun's lucent Orbe 
Through his glaz'd Optic Tube yet never saw. 
The place he found beyond expression bright, 
Compar'd with aught on Earth, Medal or Stone; 
(W) K 



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Taradise Lost. [b 

Not all parts like, but all alike informd 
With radiant light, as glowing Iron with fire; 
If mettal, part seemd Gold, part Silver cleer; 
If stone, Carbuncle most or Chrysolite, 
Ruble or Topaz, to the Twelve that shon 
In Aarons Brestplate, and a stone besides 
Imagind rather oft then elsewhere seen, 
That stone, or like to that which here below 
Philosophers in vain so long have sought, 
In vain, though by thir powerful Art they binde 
Volatil Hermes, and call up unbound 
In various shapes old Proteus from the Sea, 
Draind through a Limbec to his Native forme. 
What wonder then if fields and regions here 
Breathe forth Elixir pure, and Rivers run 
Potable Gold, when with one vertuous tourh 
Th' Arch-chimic Sun so farr from us remote 
Produces with Terrestrial Humor mixt 
Here in the dark so many precious things 
Of colour glorious and effect so rare ? 
Here matter new to gaze the Devil met 
Undazl'd, farr and wide his eye commands. 
For sight no obstacle found here, nor shade, 
But all Sun-shine, as when his Beams at Noon 
Culminate from th' jEguator, as they now 
Shot upward still direct, whence no way round 
Shadow from body opaque can fell, and the Aire, 
No where so cleer, sharp'nd his visual ray 
To objects distant farr, whereby he soon 
Saw within kenn a glorious Angel stand, 
The same whom John saw also in the Sun : 
His back was turnd, but not his brightness hid ; 
Of beaming sunnie Raies, a golden tiar 
Circl'd his Head, nor less his Locks behind 
Illustrious on his Shoulders fledge with wings 
Lay waving round ; on som great charge imploy'd 
Hee seemd, or flxt in cogitation deep. 
Glad was the Spirit impure; as now in hope 
To find who might direct his wandring flight 
To Paradise the happie seat of Man, 
His journies end and our beginning woe. 
But first he casts to change his proper shape, 
(•4.) 



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"1".] Taradise Lost. 

Which else might work him danger or delay: 

And now a stripling Cherube he appeers, 

Not of the prime, yet such as in his face 

Youth smird Celestial, and to every Limb 

Sutable grace diffns'd, so well he feignd; 

Under a Coronet his flowing haire 640 

In curies on either cheek plaid, wings he wore 

Of many a colourd plume sprinkl'd with Gold, 

His habit fit for speed succinct, and held .-;j 

Before his decent steps a Silver wand. ., 

He drew not nigh unheard, the Angel bright. 

Ere he drew nigh, his radiant visage tumd, 

Admonisht by his eare, and strait was known 

Th' Arch-Angel Uriel, one of the seav'n 

Who in God's presence, neerest to his Throne 

Stand ready at command, and are his Eyes 650 

That run through all the Heav'ns, or down to th' Earth 

Bear his swift errands over moist and dry, 

O're Sea and Land ; him Satan thus accostes. 

Uriel, for thou of those seav'n Spirits that stand 
In sight of Gods high Throne, gloriously bright. 
The first are wont his great authentic will 
Interpreter through highest Heav'n to bring. 
Where all his Sons thy Embassie attend ; 
And here art likeliest by supream decree 
Like honour to obtain, and as his Eye 660 

To visit oft this new Creation round ; 
Unspeakable desire to see, and know 
All these his wondrous works, but chiefly Man, 
His chief delight and favour, him for whom 
All these his works so wondrous he ordaind. 
Hath brought me from the Quires of Cherubim 
Alone thus wandring. Brightest Seraph tell 
In which of all these shining Orbes hath Man 
His fixed seat, or fixed seat hath none. 
But all these shining Orbes his choice to dwell ; 670 

That I may find him, and with secret gaze. 
Or open admiration him behold 
On whom the great Creator hath bestowd 
Worlds, and on whom hath all these graces powrd ; 
That both in him and all things, as is meet. 
The Universal Maker we may praise; 
( 343 ) R a 



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"Paradise Lost. 



Who justly hath drivti out his Rebell Foes 
To deepest Hel!, and to repair that loss 
Created this new happie Race of Men 
To serve him better : wise are all his wayes. 
So spake the false dissembler unperceivd ; 
For neither Man nor Angel can discern 
Hypocrisie, the only evil that walks 
Invisible, except to God alone, 

By his permissive will, through Heav'n and Earth : 
And oft though wisdom wake, suspicion sleeps 
At wisdoms Gate, and to simplicitie 
Resigns her charge, while goodness thinks no ill 
Where no ill seems ; Which now for once beguil'd 
Uriel, though Regent of the Sun, and held 
The sharpest sighted Spirit of all in Heav'n ; 
Who to tiie fraudulent Impostor foule 
In his uprightness answer thus retumd. 
Faire Angel, thy desire which tends to know 
The works of God, thereby to glorifie 
The great Work-Maister, leads to no excess 
That reaches blame, but rather merits praise 
The more it seems excess, that led thee hither 
From thy Empyreal Mansion thus alone. 
To witness with thine eyes what some perhaps 
Contented with report heare onely in heav'n : 
For wonderful indeed are all his works, 
Pleasant to k d h be all 

Had in reme b 1 > h delight; 

But what crea d m d i-a f hend 

Thir number h w d fi 

That brough h f h b 1 d ir causes deep. 
1 saw when h \\ d h f 1 ss Mass, 
This worlds m m Id o a heap : 

Confusion hea d h d w Ide uproar 

Stood rul'd, d fi d nfin'd; 

Till at his s nd b dd g dark fled, 
Light shon, d d di d sprung ; 

Swift to thir ral (|_ h d then 

The cumbro El m E h FI od. Aire, Fire, 

And this Eth 1 q f Heav'n 

Flew upward [ d 1 forms. 

That rowld b 1 d d Starrs 

(h4) 



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Mil.] "Paradise Lost. 



Numberless, as thou seest, and how they move; 

Each had his place appointed, each his course, 7^0 

The rest in circuit walles this Universe. 

Look downward on that Globe whose hither side 

With light from hence, though but reflected, shines ; 

That place is Earth the seat of Man, that light 

His day, which else as th' other Hemisphere 

Night would invade, but there the neighbouring Moon 

(So call that opposite fair Starr) her aide 

Timely interposes, and her monthly round 

Still ending, still renewing through mid Heav'n, 

With borrowd light her countenance triform 73c 

Hence fills and empties to enlighten the Earth, 

And in her pale dominion cheeks the night. 

That spot to which I point is Paradise, 

Adams abode, those loftie shades his Bowre, 

Thy way thou canst not miss, me mine requires. 

Thus said, he turnd, and Satan bowing low. 
As to superior Spirits is wont in Heav'n, 
Where honour due and reverence none neglects, 
Took leave, and toward the coast of Earth beneath, 
Down from th' Ecliptic, sped with hop'd success, 74c 

Throws hb steep flight in many an Aerie wheele, 
Nor staid, til! on Niphates top he lights. 



The End of the Third . 



(»«} 



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PARADISE LOST. 

BOOK IV. 

THE ARGUMENT. 

Satan now in prospect of Eden, and nigh the place where he mint 
now attempt the bela enterprise which he utidertook alone against God 
and Man, falls into many doubts with himself, and many passions, 
fear, envy, and despare; But at length cot^rms himself in evil, 
journeys on to Paradise, whose outward prospect and scituatiori is 
described, overleaps the bounds, sits in the shape of a Cormorant on the 
Tree of life, as highest in the Garden to look about him. The Garden 
descrio'dj Satans frsf sight of Adam and Eve ; his wonder at tkir 
excellentform and happy state, but with resolution to work thir fall; 
overhears thir discourse, thence gathers that the Tree of knowledge was 
forbidden them to eat of, under penalty of death j and thereon intends 
to found his temptation, by seducing them to transgress: then leaves 
them a while, to know ftrther of thir stale by some other means. 
Mean while Uriel descending on a Sun-beam warns Gabriel, who had 
in charge the Gate of Paradise, thai some evil ^irit had^escapfd the 
Deep, and past at Noon by his Sphere in the shape of a good Angel 
down to Paradise, discovered after by his furious gestures in the 
Mount. Qabiieipromises to Jind him out ere morning. Night coming 
on, Adam and Eve discourse of goin^ to thir rest: thir Bower 
descriffds thir Evening worship. Gabnel drawing forth his Sands of 
Night-watch to walk the round of Paradise, appoints two strong 
Angels to Adams Bower, least the evill spirit should be there doing 
some harm to Adam or Eve sleeping; there they find him at the ear of 
Eve, tempting her in a dream, and bring him, though unwilling, to 
Gabriel/ by whom quesHon'd, he scornfully answers, prepares resisttmce, 
btit hinder'd by a Sign from Hewven,flies out of Paradise. 
i8 find him out] find liim i6j4 
("45) 



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IV.] "Paradise Lost. 

O FOR that warning voice, whicli he who saw 
Th' Apocalyps, heard cry in Heav'n aloud, 
Then when the Dragon, put to second rout, 
Came furious down to be reveng'd on men, 
Wo to the inhabitants on Earth! that now, 
While time was, our first Parents had hin warnd 
The coming of thir secret foe, and scap'd 
Haply so scap'd his mortal snare; for now 
Satan, now first inflam'd with rage came down. 
The Tempter ere th' Accuser of man-kind. 
To wreck on innocent frail man his loss 
Of that first Battel, and his flight to Hell : 
Yet not rejoycing in his speed, though bold, 
Far off and fearless, nor with cause to boast, 
Begins his dire attempt, which nJgh the birth 
Now rowling, holies in his tumultuous brest, 
And like a deviliish Engine back recoiles 
Upon himself; horror and doubt distract 
His troubl'd thoughts, and from the bottom stirr 
The Hell within him, for within him Hell 
He brings, and round about him, nor from Heil 
One step no more then from himself can fly 
By change of place : Now conscience wakes despair 
That slumberd, wakes the bitter memorie 
Of what he was, what is, and what must be 
Worse; of worse deeds worse sufferings must ensue. 
Sometimes towards Mden which now in his view 
Lay pleasant, his giievd look he fixes sad. 
Sometimes towards Heav'n and the full-blazing tiun, 
Which now sat high in his Meridian Towre: 
Then much revolving, thus in sighs began. 

O thou that with surpassing Glory crownd, 
Look'st from thy sole Dominion like the God 
Of this new World; at whose sight all the Starrs 
Hide thir diminisbt heads ; to thee I call, 
But with no friendly voice, and add thy name 

Sun, to tell thee how I hate thy beams 
That bring to my remembrance from what state 

1 fell, how glorious once above thy Spheare ; 
Till Pride and worse Ambition threw me down 
Warring in Heav'n against Heav'ns matchless King : 
Ah wherefore ! he deservd no such return 



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T^aradise Lost. 



From me, whom he created what I was 

In that bright eminence, and with his good 

Upbraided none ; nca' was his service hard. 

What could be less then to afford htm praise. 

The easiest recompence, and pay him thanks. 

How due ! yet all his good prov'd ill in me. 

And wrought but malice; lifted up so high 

I sdeind subjection, and thought one step higher 

Would set me highest, and in a moment quit 

The debt immense of endless gratitude, 

So burthensome, still paymg, still to ow; 

Foi^etful what from him I still receivd, 

And understood not that a grateful mind 

By owing owes not, but still pays, at once 

Indebted and dischargd; what burden then? 

O had his powerful Destiny ordaind 

Me some inferiour Angel, I had stood 

Then happie; no unbounded hope had rais'd 

Ambition. Vet why not? som other Power 

As great might have aspir'd, and roe though mean 

Drawn to his part; but other Powers as great 

Fell not, but stand unshak'n, from within 

Or from without, to all temptations arm'd, 

Hadst thou the same free Will and Power to stand? 

Thou hadst : whom hast thou then or what to accuse. 

But fleav'ns free Love dealt equally to all? 

Be then his Love accurst, since love or hate. 

To me alike, it deals eternal woe. 

Nay curs'd be thou ; since against his thy will 

Chose freely what it now so justly rues. 

Me miserable! which way shall I flie 

Infinite wrauth, and infinite despaire? 

Which way I flie is Hell ; my self am Hell ; 

And in the lowest deep a lower deep 

Still threatning to devour me opens wide. 

To which the Hell I suffer seems a Heav'n. 

then at last relent : is there no place 

Left for Repentance, none for Pardon left? 

None left but by submission; and that word 

Disdain forbids me,, and my dread of shame 

Among the spirits beneath, whom I seduc'd 

With other promises and other vaunts 



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. IV.] "Paradise Lost. 

Then to submit, boasting I could subdue 
Th' Omnipotent. Ay me, they little know 
How dearly I abide that boast so vaine, 
Under what torments inwardly I groane: 
While they adore me on the Throne of Hell, 
With Diadem and Scepter high advancd 
The lower stil! I fall, onely Supream 
In miserie; such joy Ambition findes. 
But say I could repent and could obtaine 
By Act of Grace my former state; how soon 
Would highth recal high thoughts, how soon unsay 
What feign'd submission swore: ease would recant 
Vows made in pain, as violent and void. 
For never can true reconcilement grow 
Where wounds of deadly hate have peirc'd so deep : 
Which would but lead me to a worse relapse, 
And heavier fall ; so should I purchase deare 
Short intermission bought with double smart. 
This knows my punisher ; therefore as farr 
From granting hee, as I from begging peace: 
All hope excluded thus, behold in stead 
Of us out-cast, exil'd, his new delight, 
Mank d d d f h m this World. 

So f 1 H p d wi h Hope farwe! Fear, 

Farw 1 R m 11 G d to me is lost; 

mj G d fay thee at least 



Divid d E p 


w h H 


IS King I hold 


By th 


d 


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h If perhaps will reigne; 


As M 


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h 


new World shall know. 


Th 


whil h 


pk 




h passion dimm'd his face 


Thri 


h t^d 


wih pale. 


e, envie and despair, 


Whi h 


d h 


b wd 


isage, and betraid 


Him 


rf 


f y 


y 


beheld. 


For h 


Ij m 


d f 


m 


uch distempers foule 


Are 


I 


\^h 


f 1 


e soon aware. 


Each p 


b 


m 


h 


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Artifi 


f f 


d d 




the first 


That p 


d 


Ih d 


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r saintly shew, 


Deep 


1 


i 




uch't with revenge ■ 


Yet 


h 


h d p 




d to deceive 


Urid 


w nd wh 




ye pursu'd him down 


The 


> h went, and 


on 


h' Assyrian mount 


( 49) 









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Taradise Lost. [bk. iv. 

Saw him disfigur'd, more then could befall 
Spirit of happie sort : his gestures fierce 
He markd and mad demeanour, then alone. 
As he suppos'd al! unobserv'd, unseen. 130 

So on he fares, and to the border comes 
Of Eden, where delicious Paradise, 
Now nearer, Crowns with her enclosure green, 
As with a rural mound the champain head 
Of a steep wilderness, whose hairie sides 
With thicket ovei^own, grottesque and wilde. 
Access deni'd; and over head up grew 
Insuperable highth of loftiest shade. 
Cedar, and Pine, and Firr, and branching Palm 
A Silvan Scene, and as the ranks ascend 140 

Shade above shade, a woodie Theatre 
Of stateliest view. Yet higher then thir tops 
The verdurous wall of Paradise up sprung : 
Which to our genera! Sire gave prospect large 
Into his neather Empire neighbouring round. 
And higher then that wall a circling row 
Of goodliest Trees loaden with fairest Fruit, 
Blossoms and Fruits at once of golden hue 
Appeerd, with gay enameld colours mixt: 
On which the Sun more glad impress'd his beams 150 

Then in fair Evening Cloud, or humid Bow, 
When God hath showrd the earth; so lovely seemd 
That Lantskip : And of pure now purer aire 
Meets his approach, and to the heart inspires 
Vernal deiight and joy, able to drive 
All sadness but despair: now gentle gales 
Fanning thir odoriferous wings dispense 
Native perfumes, and whisper whence they stole 
Those balmie spoiles. As when to them who sail 
Beyond the Cafe of Hope, and now are past 160 

Mosambic, off at Sea North-East windes blow 
Sabean Odours from the spicie shoare 
Of Arable the blest, with such delay 
Well pleas'd they slack thir course, and many a League 
Cheard with the grateful smell old Ocean smiles. 
So entertaind those odorous sweets the Fiend 
Who came thir bane, though with them better pleas'd 
Then Asmodeus with the fishie fume, 
(■S-) 



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:.iv.] Taradise Lost. 

That drove him, though enamourd, from the Spouse 
Of Toiits Son, and with a vengeance sent 
From Media post to ^gypt, there fast hound. 
Now to th' ascent of that steep savage Hill 
Satan had journied on, pensive and slow; 
But further way found none, so thick entwin'd, 
As one continii'd brake, the undergrowth 
Of shrubs and tangling bushes had perplext 
All path of Man or Beast that past that way: 
One Gate there onely was, and that look'd East 
On th' other side : which when th' arch-fellon saw 
Due entrance he disdaind, and in contempt, 
At one slight bound high overleap'd all bound 
Of Hill or highest Wall, and sheer within 
Lights on his feet. As when a prowling Wolfe, 
Whom hunger drives to seek new haunt for prey. 
Watching where Shepherds pen thir Flocks at eeve 
In hurdl'd Cotes amid the field secure. 
Leaps o're the fence with ease into the Fould: 
Or as a Thief bent to unhoord the cash 
Of some rich Burgher, whose substantial dores, 
Cross-barrd and bolted fast, fear no assault, 
In at the window climbes, or o're the tiles ; 
So clomb this first grand Thief into Gods Fould : 
So since into his Church lewd Hirelings climbe. 
Thence up he iiew, and on the Tree of Life, 
The middle Tree and highest there that grew, 
Sat like a Cormorant ; yet not true Life 
Thereby regaind, but sat devising Death 
To them who liv'd; nor on the vertue thought 
Of that life-giving Plant, hut only us'd 
For prospect, what well us'd had bin the pledge 
Of immortalitie. So little knows 
Any, but God alone, to value right 
The good before him, but perverts best things 
To worst abuse, or to thir meanest use. 
Beneath him with new wonder now he views 
To all delight of human sense expos'd 
In narrow room Natures whole wealth, yea more, 
A Heaven on Earth : for blissful Paradise 
Of God the Garden was, by him in the East 
Of Eden planted ; Eden stretchd her Line 
(.s.) 



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Taradise Lost. 

From Auran Eastward to the Royal Towrs 
Of Great Sekucia, built by Grecian Kings, 
Or where the Sons of Eden long before 
Dwelt in Teiassar: in this pleasant soile 
His farr more pleasant Garden God ordaind; 
Out of the fertil ground he caus'd to grow 
All Trees of noblest kind for sight, smell, taste; 
And all amid them stood the Tree of Life, 
High eminent, blooming Ambrosial Fruit 
Of vegetable Gold ; and next to Life 
Our Death the Tree of Knowledge grew fast by, 
Knowl d f G d bo ght d bj k w" ill. 
Southw d h gl ^/ w R 1 g 

Nor ch gd b b h gh h h gie 1 

Pass'd d h gulft, f G d h d h wn 

That M h G d Id gl s'd 

h h gh n 
■ h k dly 1 p d w 



Upon h 


pd rr 


Of po 


E h w h 


Rose f 


F 


Waterd h 


C d 


Down h 


pgl d 


Which f 


h dark 


And n 


d d d 


Runs d 


w d ( 



And C rj h f 1 d 

But rather to tell how, if Art could tell, 

How from that Saphire Fount the crisped Brooks, 

Rowling on Orient Pearl and sands of Gold, 

With mazie error under pendant shades 

Ran Nectar, visiting each plant, and fed 240 

Flours worthy of Paradise which not nice Art 

In Beds and curious Knots, but Nature boon 

Powrd forth profuse on Hill and Dale and Pkiine, 

Both where the morning Sun first warmly smote 

The open field, and where the unpierc't shade 

Imbround the noontide Bowrs ; Thus was this place, 

A happy rural seat of various view : 

Groves whose rich Trees wept odorous Gumms and Balme, 

Others whose fruit bumisht with Golden Rindo 

Hung amiable, Hesperian Fables true, 150 

If true, here onely, and of delicious taste : 

Betwixt them Lawns, or level Downs, and Flocks 

(■5.) 



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■ IV.] 'Paradise Lost. 

Grasing the tender herb, were interpos'd, 
Or palinie hilloc, or the flourie lap 
Of som irriguous Valley spread her store, 
Flours of all hue, and without Thorn the Rose : 
Another side, umbrageous Grots and Caves 
Of coole recess, o're which the mantling Vine 
Layes forth her purple Grape, and gently creeps 
Luxuriant; mean while murmuring waters fall 2( 

Down the slope hills, disperst, or in a Lake, 
That to the fringed Bank with Myrtle crownd, 
Her chrystall mirror holds, unite thir streams. 
The Birds thir quire apply; aires, vernal aires. 
Breathing the smell of field and grove, attune 
The trembling leaves, while Universal J'an 
Knit with the Graces and the Hours in dance 
Led on th' Eternal Spring. Not that faite field 
Of Enna, where Proserpin gathring flours 
Her self a fairer Floure by gloomie Dis 2; 

Was gatherd, which cost Ceres all that pain 
To seek her through the world; nor that sweet Grove 
Of Daphne by Orontes, and th' inspir'd 
Castalian Spring might with this Paradise 
Of Eden strive ; nor that Nyseian lie 
Girt with the River Triton, where old Cham, 
Whom Gentiles Amman call and Libyan Jove, 
Hid Amalthea and her Florid Son 
Young Bacchus from his Stepdame Rhea's eye; 
Nor where Abassin Kings thir issue Guard, sf 

Mount Amara, though this by som suppos'd 
True Paradise under the Ethiop Line 
By Alius head, enclos'd with shining Rock, 
A whole dayes journey high, but wide remote 
From this Assyrian Garden, where the Fiend 
Saw undelightcd all delight, all kind 
Of living Creatures new to sight and strange : 
Two of far nobler shape erect and tall. 
Godlike erect, with native Honour clad 
In naked Majestie seemd Lords of all, s; 

And worthie seemd, for in thir looks Divine 
The image of thir glorious Maker shon, 
Truth, Wisdome, Sanctitude severe and pure. 
Severe, but in true filial freedom plac't; 
(>i3) 



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Taradise Lost. 

Whence true autoritie in men ; though both 
Not equal, as their sex not equal seerad; 
For contemplation hee and valour formd, 
For softness shee and sweet attractive Grace, 
Hee for God only, shee for God in him ; 
His fair large Front and Eye sublime declar'd 
Absolute rule ; and Hyacinthin Locks 
Round from his parted forelock manly hung 
Clustring, but not beneath his shoulders broad : 
Shee as a vail down to the slender waste 
Her unadorned golden tresses wore 
Dissheveld, but in wanton ringlets wav'd 
As the Vine curies her tendrils, which impli'd 
Subjection, but requir'd with gentle sway, 
And by her yeilded, by him best receivd, 
Yeilded with coy submission, modest pride, 
And sweet reluctant amorous delay. 
Nor those mysterious parts were then conceald, 
Then was not guiltie shame, dishonest shame 
Of natures works, honor dishonorable. 
Sin-bred, how have ye troubl'd all mankind 
With shews instead, meer shews of seeming pure, 
And banisht from mans life his happiest life, 
Simphcitie and spotless innocence. 
So passd they naked on, nor shund the sight 
Of God or Angel, for they thought no ill ; 
So hand in hand they passd, the lovliest pair 
That ever since in loves imb races met, 
Adam the goodliest man of men since born 
His Sons, the fairest of her Daughters Eve, 
Under a tuft of shade that on a green 
Stood whispering soft, by a fresh Fountain side 
They sat them down, and after no more toil 
Of thir sweet Gardnii^ labour then suffic'd 
To recommend coole Zephyr, and made ease 
More easie, wholsom thirst and appetite 
More grateful, to thir Supper Fruits they fell, 
Nectarine Fruits which the compliant boughes 
Yeilded them, side-long as they sat recline 
On the soft downie Bank damaskt with flours : 
The savourie pulp they chew, and in the rinde 
Still as they thirsted scoop the brimming stream; 



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• IV.] 'Paradise Lost. 

Nor gentle purpose, nor endearing smiles 

Wanted, nor youthful dalliance as beseems 

Fair couple, linkt in happie nuptial League, 

Alone as they. About them frisking playd 

All Beasts of th' Eartb, since wJlde, and of all chase 

In Wood or Wilderness, Forrest or Den ; 

Sporting the Lion rampd, and iii his paw 

Dandl'd the Kid; Bears, Tygers, Ounces, Pards 

Gambold before them, th' unwieldy Elephant 

To make them mirth us'd all his might, and wreathd 

His Lithe Proboscis; close the Serpent sly 

Insinuating, wove with Gordian twine 

His breaded train, and of his fatal guile 

Gave proof unheeded; others on the grass 

Coucht, and now fiid with pasture gazing sat. 

Or Bedward ruminating; for the Sun 

Declin'd was hasting now with prone carreer 

To th' Ocean lies, and in th' ascending Scale 

Of Heav'n the Starrs that usher Evening rose: 

When Satan still in gaze, as first he stood. 

Scarce thus at length faild speech recoverd sad. 

O Hell ! what doe mine eyes with grief behold, 
Into our room of bliss thus high advanc't 
Creatures of other mould, earth-born perhaps. 
Not Spirits, yet to heav'nly Spirits bright 
Little inferior; whom my thoughts pursue 
With wonder, and could love, so lively shines 
In them Divine resemblance, and such grace 
The hand that formd them on thir shape bath pourd. 
Ah gentle pair, yee little think how nigh 
Your change approaches, when all these delights 
Will vanish and deliver ye to woe. 
More woe, the more your taste is now of joy ; 
Happie, but for so happie ill secur'd 
Long to continue, and this high seat your Heav'n 
111 fenc't for Heav'n to keep out such a foe 
As now is enterd; yet no purpos'd foe 
To you whom I could pittie thus forlorne 
Though I unpittied : League with you I seek, 
And mutual amitie so streight, so close. 
That I with you must dwell, or you with me 
Henceforth; my dwelling haply may not please 



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.IV.] Taradise Lost. 

This one, this easie charge, of all the Trees 
In Paradise that beare delicious fruit 
So various, not to taste that onely Tree 
Of knowledge, planted by the Tree of Life, 
So neer grows Death to Life, what ere Death is, 
Som dreadful thing no doubt ; for well thou knowst 
God hath pronounc't it death to taste that Tree, 
The only sign of our obedience left 
Among so many signes of power and rule 
Conferrd upon us, and Dominion giv'n 
Over ail other Creatures that possesse 
Earth, Aire, and Sea. Then let us not think hard 
One easie prohibition, who enjoy 
Free leave so large to all things else, and choice 
Unlimited of manifold delights: 
But let us ever praise him, and extoll 
His bountie, following our delightful task 
To prune these growing Plants, & tend these Flours, 
Which were it toilsom, yet with thee were sweet. 
To whom thus £w repli'd. thou for whom 
And from whom I was formd ilesh of thy flesh. 
And without whom am to no end, my Guide 
And Head, what thou hast said is just and right. 
For wee to him indeed all praises owe. 
And daily thanks, I chiefly who enjoy 
So farr the happier Lot, enjoying thee 
Preeminent by so much odds, while thou 
Like consort to thy self canst no where find. 
That day I oft remember, when from sleep 
I first awak't, and found my self repos'd 
Under a shade on flours, much wondring where 
And what I was, whence thither brought, and how. 
Not distant far from thence a murmuring sound 
Of waters issu'd from a Cave and spread 
Into a liquid Plain, then stood unmov'd 
Pure as th' expanse of Heav"n ; I thither went 
With unexperienc't thought, and laid me downe 
On the green bank, to look into the cleer 
Smooth Lake, that to me seemd another Skie. 
As I bent down to look, just opposite, 
A Shape within the watry gleam appeerd 
Bending to look on me, I started back, 

(w) 



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Taradise Lost. 

It started back, but pleasd I soon returnd, 
Pleas'd it returnd as soon with answering looks 
Of sympathie and love, there I had fixt 
Mine eyes till now, and pin'd with vain desire, 



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Out f my d h y 1 ea 

Substantial Life, to have thee by my side 
Henceforth an individual solace dear; 
Part of my Soul I seek thee, and thee claim 
My other half: with that thy gentle hand 
Seisd mine, I yeilded, and from that time see 
How beauty ts excelld by manly grace 
And wisdom, which aSone is truly fair. 

So spake our general Mother, and with eyes 
Of conjugal attraction unreprov'd, 
And meek surrender, half imbracing leand 
On our first Father, half her swelling Breast 
Naked met his under the flowing Gold 
Of her loose tresses hid : he in delight 
Both of her Beauty and submissive Charms 
Smil'd with superior Love, as Jupiter 
On /uno smiles, when he impregns the Clouds 
That shed May Flowers ; and press'd her Matron lip 
With kisses pure : aside the Devil tumd 
For envie, yet with jealous leer maligne 
Ey'd them askance, and to himself thus plaind. 



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BK. IV.] 



Taradise Lost. 



Sight hateful, sight tormenting! thus these two 
Imparadist in one anothers arms 
The happier Eden, shall enjoy thir fill 
Of bliss on bliss, while I to Hell am thrust, 
Where neither joy nor love, but fierce desire. 
Among our other torments not the least. 
Still unfulfill'd with pain of longing pines ; 
Yet let me not forget what I have gain'd 
From thir own mouths ; all is not theirs it seems ; 
One fatal Tree there stands of Knowledge call'd. 
Forbidden them to taste : Knowledge forbidd'n ? 
Suspicious, reasonless. Why should thir Lord 
Envie them that? can it be sin to know, 
Can it be death? and do they onely stand 
By Ignorance, is that thir happie state, 
The proof of thir obedience and thir faith? 
O fair foundation laid whereon to build 
Thir ruine 1 Hence I will excite thir minds 
With more desire to know, and to reject 
Envious commands, invented with designe 
To keep them low whom knowledge might exalt 
Equal with Gods; aspiring to be such, 
They taste and die: what likelier can ensue? 
But first with narrow search I must walk round 
This Garden, and no corner leave unspi'd; 
A chance but chance may lead where I may meet 
Some wandring Spirit of Heav'n, by Fountain side. 
Or in thick shade retir'd, from him to draw 
What further would be learnt. Live while ye may, 
Yet happie pair; enjoy, till I return. 
Short pleasures, for long woes are to succeed. 

So saying, his proud step he scornful turn'd, 
But with sly circumspection, and began 
Through wood, through waste, o're hil, o're dale his roa 
Mean while in utmost Longitude, where Heav'n 
With Earth and Ocean meets, the setting San 
Slowly descended, and with right aspect 
Against the eastern Gate of Paradise \ 

Leveld his eevning Rayes : it was a Rock 
Of Alablaster, pil'd up to the Clouds, 
Conspicuous farr, winding with one ascent / 
Accessible from Earth, one entrance high; 



i.,^ 



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Taradise Lost. [bk. 

■ The rest was craggie cliff, that overhung 

] Still as it rose, impossible to climbe. 

I Betwixt these rockie Pillars Gabriel sat 
Chief of th' Angelic Guards, awaiting night; 
About him exercis'd Heroic Games 
Th' unarmed Youth of Heav'n, but nigh at hand 
Celestial Armourie, Shields, Helmes, and Speares 
Hung high with Diamond flaming, and with Gold. 
Thither came Uriel, gliding through the Eeven 
On a Sun beam, swift as a shooting Starr 
In Autumn thwarts the night, when vapors fir'd 
Impress the Air, and shews the Mariner 
From what point of his Compass to beware 
Impetuous winds: he thus began in haste. 

Gabriel, to thee thy cours by Lot hath giv'n 
Chaise and strict watch that to this happie place 
No evil thing approach or enter in; 
This day at highth of Noon came to my Spheare 
A Spirit zealous, as he seem'd, to know 
More of th' Almighties works, and chiefly Man 
Gods latest Image : I describ'd his way 
Bent all on speed, and markt his Aerie Gate ; 
But in the Mount that lies from Eden North 
Where he first lighted soon discernd his looks 
AHen from Heav'n, with passions foul obscurd 
Mine eye pursu'd him still but under shide 
Txist sight of him; one of the banisht crew 
I fear, hath ventur'd from the deep to raise 
New troubles ; him thy care must be to find 

To whom the winged Warrioui thus returnd 
Uriel, no wonder if thy perfet sight 
Amid the Suns bright circle where thou sitst 
See farr and wide : in at this Gate none pas'. 
The vigilance here plact but such as come 
Well known from Heavn and since Meridian hjur 
No Creature thence : if Spirit of other sort 
So minded, have oreleapt these earthie bounds 
On purpose, hard thou knowst it to exclude 
Spiritual substance with corporeal barr 
But if within the circuit of these walks 
In whatsoever shape he lurk of whom 
Thou telst, by morrow dawning I shall kno« 

(.60) 



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£.ivo "Paradise Lost. 

So promis'd hee, and Uriel to his charge 
Retumd on that bright beam, whose point now raisd jgo 
Bote him slope downward to the Sun now fall'n 
Beneath th' Azores; whither the prime Orb, 
Incredible how swift, had thither rowl'd 
Diurnal, or this less volubil Earth 
By shorter flight to th' East, had left him there 
Arraying with reflected Purple and Gold 
The Clouds that on his Western Throne attend : 
Now came still Eevning on, and Twilight gray 
Had in her sober Liverie all things clad; 
s^Silence accompanied, for Beast and Bird, 6oc 

They to thir grassie Couch, these to thir Nests 
Were slunk, all but the wakeful Nightingale; 
She all night long her amorous descant sung; 
Silence was pleas'd ; now glow'd the Firmament 
With living Saphirs : Hesperus that led 
The starrie Host, rode brightest, til! the Moon 
Rising in clouded. Majestic, at length 
Apparent Queen unvaild her peerless light, 
And o're the dark her Silver Mantle threw. 

When Adam thus to Eve: Fair Consort, th' hour 6io 
Of night, and all things now retir'd to rest 
Mind us of like repose, since God hath set 
Labour and rest, as day and night to men 
Successive, and the timely dew of sleep 
Now falling with soft slumbrous weight inclines 
Our eye-lids; other Creatures all day long 
Rove idle unimploid, and less need rest; 
Man hath his daily work of body or mind 
Appointed, which declares his Dignitie, 
And the regard of Heav'n on all his waies; 6ao 

While other Animals unactive range. 
And of thir doings God takes no account. 
To morrow ere fresh Morning streak the East 
With first approach of light, we must be ris'n. 
And at our pleasant labour, to reform 
Von fiourie Arbors, yonder Allies green, 
Our walks at noon, with branches overgrown, 
That mock our scant manuring, and require 
More hands then ours to lop thir wanton growth : 

637 walks] walk 26'}^ 
(,6l) 



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Taradise Lost. [b^ 

Those Blossoms also, and those dropping Gumms, 
That lie bestrowne unsightly and unsmooth. 
Ask riddance, if we mean to tread with ease; 
Mean while, as Nature wills. Night bids us rest. 

To whom thus Eve with perfet beauty adornd. 
My Author and Disposer, what thou bidst 
Unargn'd I obey ; so God ordains, 
God is thy Law, thou mine ; to know no more 
Is womans happiest knowledge and her praise. 
With thee conversing I forget all time, 
[All seasons and thir change, all please alike. 
Sweet is the breath of mom, her rising sweet. 
With charm of earliest Birds ; pleasant the Sun 
When first on this del^htful Land he spreads 
His orient Beams, on herb, tree, fruit, and flour, 
Glistring with dew; fragrant the fertil earth 
After soft showers; and sweet the coming on 
Of grateful Eevning milde, then silent Night 
With this her solemn Bird and this fair Moon, 
And these the Gemms of Heav'n, her starrie train : 
But neither breath of Mom when she ascends 
With charm of earliest Birds, nor rising Sun 
On this delightful land, nor herb, fruit, floure, 
Glistring with dew, nor fragrance after showers, 
Nor grateful Evening mild, nor silent Night 
With this her solemn Bird, nor walk by Moon, 
Or glittering StarrJight without thee is sweet. 
But wherfore all night long shine these, for whom 
This glorious sight, when sleep bath shut all eyes? 

To whom our general Ancestor repli'd. 
Daughter of God and Man, accomplisht Eve, 
Those have thir course to finish, round the Earth, 
By morrow Eevning, and from Land to Land 
In order, though to Nations yet unborn, 
Ministring light prepar'd, they set and rise; 
Least total darkness should by Night regaine 
Her old possession, and extinguish life 
In Nature and all things, which these soft fires 
Not only enlighten, but with kindly heate 
Of various influence foment and warme. 
Temper or nourish, or in part shed down 
Thir stellar vertue on all kinds that grow 
(,6.) 



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:. IV.] Taradise Lost. 

On Earth, made hereby apter to receive 

Perfection from the Suns more potent Ray. 

These then, though unbebeld in deep of night, 

Shine not in vain, nor think, though men were none, 

That heav'n would want spectators, God want praise ; 

MiUioiis of spiritual Creatures walk the Earth 

Unseen, both when we wake, and when we sleep : 

All these with ceasless praise his works behold 

Both day and night : how often from the steep ( 

Of echoing Hill or Thicket have we heard 

Celestial voices to the midnight air. 

Sole, or responsive each to others note 

Singing thir great Creator: oft in bands 

While they keep watch, or nightly rounding walk 

With Heav'nly touch of instrumental sounds 

In full harmonic number joind, thir songs 

Divide the night, and lift our thoughts to Heaven, 

Thus talking hMd in hand alone they pass'd 
On to thir blissful' Bower; it was a place fi 

Chos'n by the sovran Planter, when he fram'd 
All things to mans delightful use; the roofe 
Of thickest covert was inwoven shade 
Laurel and Mirtle, and what higher grew 
Of firm and fragrant leaf; on either side 
Acantkus, and each odorous bushie shrub 
Fenc'd up the verdant wall ; each beauteous flour, 
Jris all hues, Roses, and Gessamin 
Rear'd high thir flourisht heads between, and wrought 
Mosaic ; underfoot the Violet, ; 

Crocus, and Hyacinth with rich inlay 
Broiderd the ground, more colour'd then with stone 
Of costliest Emblem : other Creature here 
Beast, Bird, Insect, or Worm durst enter none; 
Such was thir awe of man. In shadier Bower 
More sacred and sequesterd, though but feignd. 
Pan or Silvanus never slept, nor Nymph, 
Nor Faunus haunted. Here in close recess 
With Flowers, Garlands, and sweet-smelling Herbs 
Espoused Eve deckt first her Nuptial Bed, ? 

And heav'nly Quires the Hymenjean sung. 
What day the genial Angel to our Sire 
Brought her in naked beauty more adorn'd 



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Taradise Lost. Cbk. 

More lovely then Pandora, whom the Gods 
Endowd with all thir gifts, and O too like 
In sad event, when to the unwiser Son 
0{ Japhet brought by Hermes, she ensnar'd 
Mankind with her faire looks, to be aveng'd 
On him who had stole Joves authentic fire. 

Thus at thir shadie Lodge arriv'd, both stood, 
Both tutnd, and under op'n Skie ador'd 
The God that made both Skie, Air, Earth & Heav'n 
Which they beheld, the Moons resplendent Globe 
And starrie Pole : Thou also mad'st the Night, 
Maker Omnipotent, and thou the Day, 
Which we in our appointed work imployd 
Have finisht happie in our mutual help 
And mutual love, the Crown of all our bhss 
Ordain'd by thee, and this delicious place 
For us too large, where thy abundance wants 
Partakers, and uncropt falls to the ground. 
But thou hast promis'd from us two a Race 
To fill the Earth, who shall with us estoll 
Thy goodness infinite, both when we wake. 
And when we seek, as now, thy gift of sleep. 

This said unanimous, and other Rites 
Observing none, but adoration pure 
Which God likes best, into thir inmost bower 
Handed they went ; and eas'd the putting off 
These troublesom disguises which wee wear. 
Strait side by side were laid, nor turnd I weene 
Adam from his fair Spouse, nor Eve the Rites 
Mysterious of connubial Love refus'd : 
Whatever Hypocrites austerely talk 
Of puritie and place and innocence, 
Defaming as impure what God declares 
Pure, and commands to som, leaves free to all. 
Our Maker bids increase, who bids abstain 
But our Destroyer, foe to God and Man ? 
Haile wedded Love, mysterious Law, true sourse 
Of human ofspring, sole proprietie, 
In Paradise of all things common else. 
By thee adulterous lust was driv'n from men 
Among the bestial herds to raunge, by thee 
Founded in Reason, Loyal, Just, and Pure, 



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Taradise Lost. 



Relations dear, and all the Charities 

Of Father, Son, and Brother first were known. 

Farr be it, that I should write thee sin or blame, 

Or think thee unbefitting holiest place, 

Perpetual Fountain of Domestic sweets. 

Whose Bed is undefil'd and chast pronounc't, 

Present, or past, as Saints and Patriarchs us'd. 

Here Love his golden shafts imploies, here lights 

His constant Lamp, and waves his purple win^. 

Reigns here and revels ; not in the bought smile 

Of Harlots, loveless, joyless, unindeard, 

Casual fruition, nor in Court Amoiu^ 

Mixt Dance, or wanton Mask, or Midnight Bal, 

Or Serenate, which, the starv'd Lover sings 

To his proud fair, best quitted with disdain. 

These luUd by Nightingales imbraceing slept, 

And on thir naked limbs the flourie roof 

ShowTd Roses, which the Morn repair'd. Sleep on. 

Blest pair ; ancf O yet happiest if ye seek 

No happier state, and know to know no more. 

Now had night measur'd with her shaddowie Cone 
Half way up Hill this vast Sublunar Vault, 
And from thir Ivorie Port the Cherubim 
Forth issuing at th' accustomd hour stood armd 
To thir night watches in warlike Parade, 
When Gabriel to his next in power thus spake. 

Uzziel, half these draw off, and coast the South 
With strictest watch; these other wheel the North, 
Our circuit meets full West. As flame they part 
Half wheeling to the Shield, half to the Spear. 
From these, two strong and suttle Spirits he calld 
That neer him stood, and gave them thus in charge. 

Ithurid and ZepJwn, with wingd speed 
Search through this Garden, leav unsearcht no nook. 
But chiefly where those two fair Creatures Lodge, 
Now laid perhaps asleep secure of harme. 
This Eevning from the Sun's decline arriv'd 
Who tells of som infernal Spirit seen 
Hitherward bent (who could have thought ?) escap'd 
The barrs of Hell, on errand bad no doubt : 
Such where ye find, seise fast, and hither bring. 

So saying, on he led his radiant Files, 



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Taradise Lost. [bk.iv 

Daz'ling the Moon ; these to the Bower direct 

In search of whom they sought : him there they found 

Squat like a Toad, close at the eare of £ve ; 801 

Assaying by his Devilish art to reach 

The Oi^ns of her Fancie, and with them forge 

Illusions as he list, Phantasms and Dreams, 

Or if, inspiring venom, he might taint 

Th' animal Spirits that from pure blood arise 

Like gentle breaths from Rivers pure, thence raise 

At least distemperd, discontented thoughts, 

Vain hopes, vain aimes, inordinate desires 

Blown up with high conceits ingendring pride. 

Him thus intent Ithurtel with his Spear Sn 

Touch'd lightly; for no falshood can endure 

Touch of Celestial temper, but returns 

Of force to its own likeness : up he starts 

Discoverd and surpriz'd. As when a spark 

Lights on a heap of nitrous Powder, laid 

Fit for the Tun som Magazin to store 

Against a tumord Warr, the Smuttie graine 

With sudden blaze diffus'd, inflames the Aire : 

So started up in his own shape the Fiend. 

Back stept those two fair Angels half amaz'd 82. 

So sudden to behold the grieslie King; 

Yet thus, unmovd with fear, accost him soon. 

Which of those rebell Spirits adjudg'd to Hell 
Com'st thou, escap'd thy prison, and transform'd, 
Why satst thou like an enemie in waite 
Here watching at the head of these that sleep ? 

Know ye not then said Satan, filld with scorn 
Know ye not me? ye knew me once no mate 
For you, there sitting where ye durst not soare; 
Not to know mee argues your selves unknown, 83' 

The lowest of your throng ; or if ye know, 
Why ask ye, and superfluous begin 
Your message, like to end as much in vain? 
To whom thus Zephon, answering scorn with scorn. 
Think not, revolted Spirit, thy shape the same. 
Or undiminisht brightness, to be known 
As when tbou stoodst in Heav'n upright and pure; 
That Glorie then, when thou no more wast good, 
Departed from thee, and thou reserabl'st now 
(.66) 



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BK.iv.] Taradise Lost. 

Thy sin and place of doom obscure and foule. 
But come, for thou, besure, shalt give account 
To him who sent us, whose charge is to keep 
This place inviolable, and these from harm. 

So spake the Cheiube, and his grave rebuke 
Severe in youthful beautie, added grace 
Invincible : abasht the Devil stood, 
And felt how awful goodness is, and saw 
Vertue in her shape how lovly, saw, and pin'd , 
His loss ; but chiefly to find here observd 
His lustre visibly irapar'd ; yet seemd 
Undaunted. If I must contend, said he. 
Best with the best, the Sender not the sent. 
Or all at once ; more glorie will be wonn, 
Or less be lost. Thy fear, said Zephon bold. 
Will save us trial what the least can doe 
Single gainst thee wicked, and thence weak. 

The Fiend repli'd not, overcome with rage ; 
But like a proud Steed reind, went hautie on, 
Chaumping his iron curb : to strive or flie 
He held it vain ; awe from above had quelld 
His heart, not else dismal'd. Now drew they nigh 
The western point, where those half-rounding guards 
Just met, & closing stood in squadron joind 
Awaiting next command. To whom thir Chief 
Gabriel from the Front thus calld aloud. 

O friends, I hear the tread of nimble feet 
Hasting this way, and now by glimps disceme 
Ithurid and Zephon through the shade. 
And with them comes a third of Regal port. 
But faded splendor wan ; who by his gate 
And fierce demeanour seems the Prince of Hell, 
Not hkely to part hence without contest; 
Stand firm, for in his look defiance lours. 

He scarce had ended, when those two approachd 
And brief related whom they brought, wher found, 
How busied, in what form and posture coucht. 

To whom with stern regard thus Gabriel spake. 
Why hast thou, Satan, broke the bounds prescrib'd 
To thy transgressions, and disturbd the charge 
Of others, who approve not to transgress 
By thy example, but have power and right 
C"«7) 



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'Paradise Lost. [bk.iv. 



To question thy bold entrance on this place ; 
Iinploi'd it seems to violate sleep, and those 
Whose dwelling God hath planted here in bliss ? 

To whom thus Satan with contemptuous brow. 
Gabriel, thou hadst in Heav'ii th' esteem of wise. 
And such I held thee; but this question askt 
Puts me in doubt. Lives ther who loves his pain ? 
Who would not, finding way, break loose from Hell, 
Though thither doomd ? Thou wouldst thy self, no doubt, 890 
And boldly venture to whatever place 
Farthest from pain, where thou mightst hope to change 
Torment with ease, & soonest recompence 
Dole with delight, which in this place I sought; 
To thee no reason ; who knowst only good. 
But evil hast not tri'd ; and wilt object 
His will who bound us ? let him surer barr 
His Iron Gates, if he intends our stay 
In that dark durance : thus much what was askt. 
The rest is true, they found, me where they say; 900 

But that implies not violence or harme. 

Thus hee in scorn. The warlike Angei mov'd. 
Disdainfully half smiling thus repli'd. 
O loss of one in Heav'n to judge of wise, 
Since Satan fell, whom follje overthrew, 
And now returns him from his prison scap't, 
Gravely in doubt whether to hold them wise 
Or not, who ask what boldness brought him hither 
Unlicenc't from his hounds in Hell prescrib'd ■ 
So wise he judges it to fly from pain 910 

However, and to scape his punishment. 
So judge thou still, presumptuous, till the wrauth. 
Which thou incurr'st by flying, meet thy flight 
Seavenfold, and scourge that wisdom back to Hell, 
Which taught thee yet no better, that no pain 
Can equal anger infinite provok't. 
But wherefore thou alone ? wherefore with thee 
Came not all Hell broke loose? is pain to them 
Less pain, less to be fled, or thou then they 
Less hardie to endure ? courageous Chief, gjo 

The first in flight from pain, had'st thou alleged 
To thy deserted host this cause of flight. 
Thou surely hadst not come sole fugitive. 

(26S) 



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'V.] Taradise Lost. 

To which the Fiend thus answerd frowning stem. 
Not that I less endure, or shrink from pain, 
Insulting Angel, well thou knowst I stood 
Thy fiercest, when in Battel to thy aide 
The hlasting volied Thunder made all speed 
And seconded thy else not dreaded Spear. 
But still thy words at random, as before, i 

Argue thy inexperience what behooves 
From hard assaies and ill successes past 
A faithful Leader, not to hazard all 
Through wayes of danger by himself untri'd. 
I therefore, 1 alone first undertook 
To wing the desolate Abyss, and spie 
This new created World, whereof in Hell 
Fame is not silent, here in hope to find 
Better abode, and my afHicted Powers 
To settle here on Earth, or in mid Aire ; < 

Though for possession put to try once more 
What thou and thy gay Legions dare against; 
Whose easier business were to serve thir Lord 
High up in Heav'n, with songs to hymne his Throne, 
And practis'd distances to cringe, not fight. 

To whom the warriour Angel soon repli'd. 
To say and strait unsay, pretending first 
Wise to flie pain, professing next the Spie, 
Argues no Leader, but a lyar trac'tj 
Satan, and couldst thou faithful add? O name, c 

O sacred name of faithfulness profan'd ! 
Faithful to whom ? to thy rebellious crew ? 
Armie of Fiends, fit body to fit head ; 
Was this your discipline and faith ingag'd. 
Your military obedience, to dissolve 
Allegeance to th' acknowledg'd Power supream? 
And thou sly hypocrite, who now wouldst seem 
Patron of liberty, who more then thou 
Once fawn'd, and cring'd, and servilly ador'd 
Heav'ns awful Monarch? wherefore but in hope j 

To dispossess him, and thy self to reigne ? 
But mark what I arreede thee now, avant; 
Flie thither whence thou fiedst : if fi-om this houre 
Within these hallowd limits thou appeer, 
928 The] Thy 16J4 

(16,) 



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Taradise Lost. [bk.iv. 

Back to th' infernal pit I drag thee chaind, 
And Seale thee so, as henceforth not to scome 
The facjl gates of hell too slightly balrd. 

So threatn'd hee, but Satan- to no threats 
Gave heed, but waxing more in rage repli'd. 

Then when I am thy captive talk of chaines, gjo 

Proud limitarie Cherube, but ere then 
Farr heavier load thy self expect to feel 
From my prevailing arme, though Heavens King 
E-ide on thy wings, and thou with thy Compeers, 
Us'd to the yoak, draw's! his triumphant wheels 
In progress through the rode of Heav'n Star-pav'd. 

While thus he spake, th' Angelic Squadron bright 
Turnd fierie red, sharpning in mooned homes 
Thir Phalanx, and began to hemm him round 
With ported Spears, as thick as when a field 9S0 

Of Ceres ripe for harvest waving bends 
Her bearded Grove of ears, which way the wind 
Swayes them ; the careful Plowman doubting stands 
Least on the threshing floore his hopeful sheaves 
Prove chaff. On th' other side Satan allarm'd 
Collecting ai! his might dilated stood, 
Like Teneriff or Atlas unremov'd : 
His stature reacht the Skie, and on his Crest 
Sat horror Plum'd ; nor wanted in his graspe 
What seemd both Spear and Shield : now dreadful deeds 990 
Might have ensu'd, nor onely Paradise 
In this commotion, but the Starrie Cope 
Of Heav'n perhaps, or all the Elements 
At least had gon to rack, disturbd and tome 
With violence of this conflict, had not soon 
Th' Eternal to prevent such horrid fray 
Hung forth in Heav'n. his golden Scales, yet seen 
Betwixt Astrea and the Scorpion signe. 
Wherein all things created first he weighd, 
The pendulous round Earth with ballanc't Aire rooo 

In counterpoise, now ponders all events, 
Battels and Realms: in these he put two weights 
The sequel each of parting and of fight ; 
The latter quick up flew, and kickt the beam ; 
Which Gabriel spying, thus bespake the Fiend. 

Satan, I know thy strength, and thou knowst mine. 



bsGoogk' 



IV.] Taradise Lost. 

Neither our own but giv'n; what follie then 

To boast what Arms can doe, since thine no more 

T^hen Heav'n permits, nor mine, though doubld now 

To trample thee as mire : for proof look up, loi 

And read thy Lot in yon celestial Sign 

Where thou art weigh'd, & shown how light, how weak. 

If thou resist. The Fiend lookt up and knew 

His mounted scale aloft; nor more; but fled 

Murmuring, and with him fled the shades of night. 



The End of the Fourth 



(>7.) 



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PARADISE LOST. 

BOOR V. 

THE ARGUMENT. 

Morning approach'!, Eve relates to Adam ker troublesome dream; 
he Ukes it not, yet comforts her : They come forth to ikir day labours ; 
Their Morning Hymn at the Door of^ their Bower. God to render Man 
imxcusable sends Raphael to admomsk kirn of his obedience, of his free 
estate, of his enen^ near at handj who he is, and why his enemy, and 
whatever else m^ avail Adam to knom. Raphael cornes down to 
Paradise, his appearance describ'd, his coming Mscern'd by Adam afar 
off sitting at the door of his Bower j he goes out to meet him, brings 
him to his lodge, entertains Mm with the choycest fruits of Paradise 
got together by Eve ; their discourse at Table : Raphael performs his 
message, minds Adam of his stale and of his enemy j relates at Adams 
request who that enemy is, and how he came to be so, beginning from 
his first revolt in Heaven, and the occasion thereof j how he drew his 
Legions after him to the parts of the North, and there incited them to 
rebel with him, perswading all but only Abdiel * Seraph, who in 
Argument diswades and opposes him, then forsakes Mm. 

Now mom her rosie steps in th' Eastern Clime 
Advancing, sow'd the Earth with Orient Pearle, 
When Adam wak't, so customd, for his sleep 
Was Aerie light, from pure digestion bred. 
And temperat vapors bland, which th' only sound 
Of leaves and fuming rills, Aurora's fan, 
Lightly dispers'd, and the shrill Matin Song 
Of Birds on every bough; so much the more 
His wonder was to find unwak'nd Eve 
With Tresses discompos'd, and glowing Cheek, lo 

As through unquiet rest : he on his side 



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"■] 



Taradise Lost. 



I,eaning half-rais'd, with looks of cordial Love 
Hung over her enamour'd, and beheld 
Beautie, which whether waking or asleep, 
Shot forth peculiar Graces; then with voice 
Milde, as when Zephyrus on Flora breathes, 
Her hand soft touching, whisperd thus. Awake 
My fairest, my espous'd, my latest found, 
HeaVns last best gift, my ever new delight. 
Awake, the morning shines, and the fresh field 
Calls us, we lose the prime, to mark how spring 
Out tended Plants, how blows the Citron Grove, 
What drops the Myrrhe, & what the balmie Reed, 
How Nature paints her colours, how the Bee 
Sits on the Bloom extracting liquid sweet. 

Such whispering wak'd her, but with startl'd eye 
On Adam, whom imbracing, thus she spake. 

Sole in whom my thoughts find all repose. 
My Glorie, ray Perfection, glad I see 
Thy face, and Morn retum'd, for I this Night, 
Such night till this I never pass'd, have dream'dj 
If dream'd, not as I oft am wont, of ihee, 
Works of day pass't, or morrows next designe. 
But of offence and trouble, which my mind 
Knew never till this irksom night; methought 
Close at mine ear one call'd me forth to walk 
With gentle voice, I thought it thine ; it said, 
Why sleepst thou Eve ? now is the pleasant time. 
The coo!, the silent, save where silence yields 
To the night-warbling Bird, that now awake 
Tunes sweetest his love-labor'd song; now reignes 
Full Orb'd the Moon, and with more pleasing light 
Shadowie sets off the face of things; in vain. 
If none regard ; Heav'n wakes with all his eyes, 
Whom to behold but thee. Natures desire, 
In whose sight all things joy, with ravishment 
Attracted by thy beauty still to gaze. 
I rose as at thy call, but found thee not ; 
To find thee I directed then my walk; 
And on, methought, alone I pass'd through ways 
That brought rae on a sudden to the Tree 
Of interdicted Knowledge ; fair it seem'd. 
Much fairer to my Fancie then by day ; 
( "73 ) T 



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Taradise Lost. [b 

And as I wondring lookt, beside it stood 
One shap'd and wing'd like one of those from Heav'i 
By us oft seen; his dewie locks distill'd 
Ambrosia ; on that Tree he also gaz'd ; 
And fair Plant, said he, with fruit surcharg'd, 
Deigns none to ease thy load and taste thy sweet. 
Nor God, nor Man ; is Knowledge so despis'd ? 
Or envie, or what reserve forbids to taste? 
Forbid who will, none shall from me withhold 
Longer thy offerd good, why else set here? 
This said he paus'd not, but with ventrous Arme 
He pluckt, he tasted ; mee damp horror chil'd 
At such bold words voucht with a deed so bold: 
But he thus overjoy'd, Fruit Divine, 
Sweet of thy self, but much more sweet thus cropt, 
Forbidd'n here, it seems, as onely fit 
For Gods, yet able to make Gods of Men : 
And why not Gods of Men, since good, the more 
Communicated, more abundant growes. 
The Author not impair'd, but honourd more? 
Here, happie Creature, fair Angelic £ve. 
Partake thou also ; happie though thou art, 
Happier thou mayst be, worthier canst not be : 
Taste this, and be henceforth among the Gods 
Thy self a Goddess, not to Earth conlind, 
But somtimes in the Air, as wee, somtimes 
Ascend to Heav'n, by merit thine, and see 
What life the Gods live there, and such live thou. 
So saying, he drew nigh, and to me held, 
Even to my mouth of that same fruit held part 
Which he had pluckt; the pleasant savourie smell 
So quick'nd, appetite, that I, methought, 
Could not but taste. Forthwith up to the Clouds 
With him I flew, and underneath beheld 
The Earth outstretcht immense, a prospect wide 
And various : wondring at my flight and change 
To this high, exaltation ; suddenly 
My Guide was gon, and I, me thought, sunk down, 
And fell asleep; but O how glad I wak'd 
To find this but a dream ! Thus Eve her Night 
Related, and thus Adam answerd sad. 
Best Image of my self and dearer half, 
(»4) 



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:-v,] Varadise- Lost. 

The trouble, of thy thoughts this night in sleep 

Affects, me equally; nor can I like 

This uncouth dream, of evil sprung I fear ; 

Yet evil whence? in thee can harbour none, 

Created pure. But know that in the Soule 

Are many lesser Faculties that serve 

Reason as chief; among these Fansie next 

Her office holds ; of all external things. 

Which the five, watchful Senses represent. 

She forms Imaginations, Aerie shapes, 

Which Reason joyning or disjoyning, frames 

All what we affirm or what deny, and call 

Out knowledge, or opinion; then retires 

Into her private Cell when Nature rests. 

Oft in her absence mimic Fansie wakes 

To imitate her; but misjo.yning shapes, 

Wilde work produces oft, and most in dreams, 

111 matching words and deeds long past or late. 

Som such resemblances methinks I find 

Of our last Eevnings talk, in this thy dream, 

But with addition strange; yet be not sad. 

Evil into the..mii^ of God or Man 

Maj come and gO, so un-ipprovd, and leave 

No spot or blame behind Which gnes me hope 

That what m sleep thou didst abhorr to dream, 

Wakmg thou never wdt consent to do 

Be not dislieartnd then, nor cloud those looks 

That nont to he more chearful and serene 

Then when fair Mornmg first smiles on the \\ orld 

And let us to our fre?h imployments rise 

Among the Groves the Fountains and the Flours 

That open now thir choicest bosom d smells 

Reser\d from night, and kept for thee in store 

So cheard he his fair Spouse, and she was cheard, 
But silently a gentle tear let f'Jl 
From either eye, and wip d them with het haire , 
Two other precious drops that read) stood, 
Each m thir chrystal sluce, hce ere the) fell 
Kiss d as the gracious signs of sweet remorse 
And pious awe that feard to have olifended 

So all was cleard, and to the Field they haste 
But first from under shadie arborous roof, 



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"Paradise Lost. [bk. 

Soon as they forth were come to open sight 

Of day-spring, and the Sun, who scarce up risen 

With wheels yet hov'ring o're the Ocean brim, i 

Shot paralel to the earth his dewie ray, 

Discovering in wide Lantskip all the East 

Of Paradise and Edens happie Plains, 

Lowly they bow'd adoring, and began 

Th" O ■ h M ■ g d 1 p d 

I tjl f h yle 

"" ■ " |. w d h P e 

ii p r sung 

ed, h p p 1 q 

hip P erous Verse, i 

1 1 h d d L Harp 

ore sweetness, and they thus began. 

re thy glorious works Parent of good, 
Almightie, thine this universal Frame, 
Thus wondrous fair ; thy self how wondrous then ! 
Unspeakable, who sitst above these Heavens 
To us invisible or dimly seen 
In these thy lowest works, yet these declare 
Thy goodness beyond thought, and-,^o#er Divine: 
Speak yee who best can tell, ye Sons of light, i 

Angels, for yee behold him, and with songs 
And choral symphonies, Day without Night, 
Circle his Throne rejoycing, yee in Heav'n, 
On Earth joyn all yee Creatures to extoU 
Him first, him last, him midst, and without end. 
Fairest of Starrs, last in the train of Night, 
If better thou belong not to the dawn, 
Sure pledge of day, that crownst the smiling Morn 
With thy bright Circlet, praise him in thy Spheare 
While day arises, that sweet hour ot Prime. i 

Thou Sun, of this great World both Eye and Soule, 
Acknowledge him thy Greater, sound his praise 
In thy eternal course, both when thou climb'st, 
And when high Noon hast gaind, & when thou fallst. 
Moon, that now meetst the orient Sun, now fli'st 
With the fist Starrs, fixt in thir Orb that flies. 
And yee five other wandring Fires that move 
In mystic Dance not without Song, resound 
His praise, who out of Darkness call'd up Light. 
(.,6) 



by Google 



-v.] Taradtse Lost. 

Aire, and ye Elements the eldest birth 

Of Natures Womb, that in quaternion run 

Perpetual Circle, multiform; and mix 

And nourish all things, let your ceasless change 

Varie to our great Maker still new praise. 

Ye Mists and Exhalations that now rise 

From Hill or steaming Lake, duskie or grey. 

Till the Sun paint your fleecie skirts with Gold, 

In honour to the Worlds great Author rise, 

Whether to deck with Clouds the uncolourd skie, 

Or wet the thirstie Earth with falling showers, 

Rising or falling still advance his praise. 

His praise ye Winds, that from four Quarters blow, 

Breathe soft or loud ; and wave your tops, ye Pines, 

With every Plant, in sign of Worship wave. 

Fountains and yee, that warble, as ye Sow, 

Melodious murmurs, warbling tune his praise. 

Joyn voices all ye living Souls, ye Birds, 

That singing up to Heaven Gate ascend. 

Bear on your wings and in your notes his praise; 

Yee that in Waters glide, and yee that walk 

The Jiarth, and stately tread, or lowly creep ; 

Witness if I be silent. Morn or Eeven, 

To Hill, or Valley, Fountain, or fresh shade 

Made vocal by my Song, and taught his praise. 

Hail universal Lord, be bounteous stilt 

To give us onely good; and if the night 

Have gathered aught of evil or conceald. 

Disperse it, as now light dispels the dark. 

So pray'd they innocent, and to thir thougnts 
Firm peace recoverd soon and wonted calm. 
On to thir mornings rural work they haste 
Among sweet dewes and flours ; where any row 
Of Fruit-trees overwoodie reachd too farr 
Thir pamperd boughes, and needed hands to check 
Fruitless imbraces: or they led the Vine 
To wed her Elm; she spous'd about him twines 
Her mariageable arms, and with her brings 
Her dowr tb' adopted Clusters, to adorn 
His barren leaves. Them thus imploid beheld 
With pittie Heav'ns high King, and to him call'd 
Raphael, the sociable Spirit, that deign'd 

('11) 



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"Paradise Lost. Tbi 

To travel with Tobias, and secur'd 

His marriage with the sea ven times-wedded Maid. 

Raphael, said hee, thou hear'st what stir on Eartli 
Satan from Hell scap't through the darksom Gulf 
Hath raisd in Paradise, and how disturbd 
This night the human pair, how he desigues 
In them at once to ruin all mankind. 
Go therefore, half this day as friend with friend 
Converse with Adam, in what Bowre or shade 
Thou find'st him from the heat of Noon retir'd. 
To respit his day-labour with repast. 
Or with repose ; and such discourse bring on, 
As may advise him of his happie state, 
Happiness in his power left free to will. 
Left to his own free Will, his Will though free. 
Yet mutable, whence warne him to beware 
He swerve not too secure : tell him withall 
His danger, and from whom, what enemie 
Late falln himself from Heaven is plottin" now 
The fall of others fron k b! 

By violence, no, for tb h 11 b h d 

But by deceit and lies h 1 h k 
Least wilfully transgres g h p d 
Surprisal, unadmonisht, f d 

So spake th' Eternal F h d f IfiUd 

All Justice ; nor delaid h g d S 

After his charge receivd b f m 
Thousand Celestial Ard wh 1 d 

Valid with his gorgeou g p p g lb 

Flew through the mid f H b 1 Q ■ 

On each hand parting h p d } 

Through all th' Empy 1 d 1 h C 

Of Heav'n arriv'd, the gate selfopend wide 
On golden Hinges turning, as by work 
Divine the sov'ran Architect had fram'd. 
From hence, no cloud, or, to obstruct his sight, 
Starr interpos'd, however small he sees, 
Not unconform to other shining Globes, 
Earth and the Gard'n of God, with Cedars crownd 
Above all Hills. As when by night the Glass 
Of Galiko, less assur'd, observes 
Imagind Lands and Regions in the Moon : 



by Google 



v.] "Paradise Lost. 

Or Pilot from amidst the Cyclades 
Delos or Samos first appearing kenns 
A cloudy spot, Down thither prone in flight 
He speeds, and througli the vast Ethereal Skie 
Sailes between worlds & worlds, with steddie wing 
Now on the polar windes, then with quick Fann 
Winnows the buxom Air ; till within soare ; 

Of Towring Eagles, to all the Fowles he seems 
A Phanix, gaz'd by all, as that sole Bird 
When to enshrine his reliques in the Sun's 
Bright Temple, to Egyptian Tkeb's he flies. 
At once on th' Eastern cliff of Paradise 
He lights, and to his proper shape returns 
A Seraph wingd ; six wings he wore, to shade 
His lineaments Divine ; the pair (hat clad 
Each shoulder broad, came mantling ore his brest 
With regal Ormment , the middle pair : 

Girt like a Starrie 7one his wiste, ■ind round 
Skirted his lomes and thighes with downie Gold 
And colours dipt m Heav'n, the third his feet 
Shaddowd from either heele with featherd maile 
Skietincturd gnm Like Mains son he >!tood. 
And shook his Plumes, that Hea\'nly fragrance filld 
The circuit «ide Strait knew him all the Bands 
Of Angels under witch , and to his state, 
And to his message high in honour rise , 
For on som message high they guessd him bound : 

Thir glittering Tents he passd, and now is come 
Into the blissful field, through Groses of Mjrrhe, 
And flouring Odours, Cassia, Nard, and Balrae, 
A Wilderness of sweets , for Nature here 
Wantond as in her prime, and plaid at will 
Her Virgin Fancies, pouring forth more sweet, 
Wilde above rule or irt , enormous bliss 
Him through the spicie Forrest onw-ird com 
Adam discernd, as in the dore he sat 
Of his coole Bowre, while now the mounted Sun ; 

Shot down direct his fervid Raies, to warme 
Earths inmost womh more warmth then Adam needs 
And Eze within, due at her hour prepard 
For dinner savourie fruits, of taste to please 
True appetite, and not disrelish thirst 
(■M) 



JHoned by Google 



"Paradise Lost. [a 

Of nectarous draughts between, from milkie stream, 
Berrie or Grape : to whom thus Adam call'd. 

Haste hither ^w, atid worth thy sight behold 
Eastward among those Trees, what glorious shape 
Comes this way moving; seems another Morn 
Ris'n on mid-noon; som great behest from Heav'n 
To us perhaps he brings, and will voutsafe 
This day to be our Guest. But goe with speedj 
And what thy stores contiin bring forth and poure 
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Tastes, not well jojnd, melegant, but brmg 
Taste after taste upheld with kindliest change, 
Bestirs her then, and from each tender stalk 
Whatever Earth all-bearing Mother yeilds 
In India East or West, or middle shoare 
In Pontus or the Punk Coast, or where 
Aldnous reign'd, fruit of all kindes, in coate. 
Rough, or smooth rin'd, or bearded husk, or shell 
She gathers. Tribute large, and on the board 
Heaps with unsparing hand ; for drink the Grape 
She crushes, inoffensive moust, and meathes 
From many a berrie, and from sweet kernels prest 
She tempers dulcet creams, nor these to hold 
(.So) 



Honed by Google 



:.v.] Taradise Lost. 

Wants her fit vessels pure, then strews the ground 

With Rose and Odours from the shrub unfum'd. 

Mean while our Primitive great Sire, to meet 

His god-like Guest, walks forth, without more train 

Accompani'd then with his own compleat 

Perfections, in himself was all his state, 

More solemn then the tedious pomp that waits 

On Princes, when thir rich Retinue long 

Of Horses led, and Grooms besmeard with Gold 

Dazles the croud, and sets them all agape. 

Neerer his presence Adam though not awd, 

Yet with submiss approach and reverence meek, 

As to a superior Nature, bowing low. 

Thus said. Native of Heav'n, for other place 
None can then Heav'n such glorious shape contain ; 
Since. by descending from the Thrones above. 
Those happie places thou hast deignd a while 
To want, and honour these, voutsafe with us 
Two onely, who yet by sov'ran gift possess 
This spacious ground, in yonder shadie Bowre 
To rest, and what the Garden choicest bears 
To sit and taste, till this meridian heat 
Be over, and the Sun more coole decline. 

Whom thus the Angelic Vertue answerd niilde. 
Adam, I therefore came, nor art thou such 
Created, or such place hast here to dwell. 
As may not oft invite, though Spirits of Heav'n 
To visit thee ; lead on then where thy Bowre 
Oreshades; for these mid-hours, till Eevning rise 
I have at will. So to the Silvan Lodge 
They came, that like Pomona's Arbour smil'd 
With flourets deck't and fragrant smells; but Eve 
Undeckt, save with her self more lovely fair 
Then Wood-Nymph, or the fairest Goddess feign'd 
Of three that in Mount Ida naked strove. 
Stood to entertain her guest from Heav'n ; no vaile 
Shee needed, Vertue-proof, no thought infirme 
Alterd her cheek. On whom the Angel Haik 
Bestowd, the holy salutation us'd 
I.ong after to blest Marie, second Eve. 

Haile Mother of Mankind, whose fruitful Womb 
Shall fill the World more numerous with thy Sons 

(■«■) 



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'Paradise lj)St. 



Then with these various fruits the Trees of God 

Have heap'd this Table. Rais'd of grassie terf 

Thir Table was, and mossie seats had round, 

And on her ample Square from side to side 

All Autumn pil'd, though Spring and Autumn here 

Danc'd hand in hand. A while discourse they hold; 

No fear lest Dinner coole ; when thus began 

Our Authour. Heav'niy stranger, please to taste 

These bounties which our Nourisher, from whom 

All perfet good unmeasur'd out, descends. 

To us for food and for delight hath caus'd 

The Earth to yeild ; unsavourie food perhaps 

To spiritual Natures ; only this I know, 

That one Celestial Father gives to all. 

To whom the Angel. Therefore what he gives 
(Whose praise be ever sung) to man in part 
Spiritual, may of purest Spirits be found 
No ingrateful food : and food alike those pure 
Intelligential substances require 
As doth your Rational ; and both contain 
Within them every lower facultie 
Of sense, whereby they hear, see, smell, touch, taste. 
Tasting concoct, digest, assimilate. 
And corporeal to incorporeal turn. 
For know, whatever was created, needs 
To be sustaind and fed ; of Elements 
The grosser feeds the purer, earth the sea, 
Earth and the Sea feed Air, the Air those Fires 
Ethereal, and as lowest first the Moon ; 
Whence in her visage round those spots, unpurg'd 
Vapours not yet into her substance turn'd. 
Nor doth the Moon no nourishment exhale 
From her moist Continent to higher Orbes. 
The Sun that light imparts to all, receives 
From all his alimental recompence 
In humid exhalations, and at Even 
Sups with the Ocean : though in Heav'n the Trees 
Of life ambrosial frutage bear, and vines 
Yeild Nectar, though from off the boughs each Morn 
We brush mellifluous Dewes, and find the ground 
Cover'd with pearly grain ; yet God hath here 
Varied his bounty so with new delights, 



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v.] 'Paradise Lost. 

As may compare with Heaven ; and to taste 

Think not I shall be nice. So down they sat, 

And to thir viands fell, nor seemingly 

The Angel, nor in mist, the common gloss 

Of Theologians, but with keen dispatch 

Of real hunger, and concoctive heate 

To transubstantiate; what redounds, transpires 

Through Spirits with ease ; nor wonder ; if by fire 

Of sooty coal the Empiric Alchimist 

Can turn, or holds it possible to turn 

Metals of drossiest Ore to perfet Gold 

As from the Mine. Mean while at Table Eve 

Ministerd naked, and thir flowing cups 

With pleasant liquors crown'd ; O innocence 

Deserving Paradise! if ever, then. 

Then had the Sons of God excuse to have bin 

Enamour'd at that sight ; but in those hearts 

Love unlibidinous reign'd, nor jealousie 

Was understood, the injur'd Lovers Hell. 

Thus when with meats & drinks they had suffic'd 
Not burd'nd Nature, sudden mind arose 
In Adam, not to let th' occasion pass 
Given him by this great Conference to know 
Of things above his World, and of thir being 
Who dwell in Heav'n, whose excellence he saw 
Transcend his own so farr, whose radiant forms 
Divine effulgence, whose high Power so far 
Exceeded human, and his wary speech 
Thus to th' Empyreal Minister he fram'd. 

Inhabitant with God, now know I well 
Thy favour, in this honour done to man, 
Under whose lowly roof thou hast voutsaft 
To enter, and these earthly fruits to taste, 
Food not of Angels, yet accepted so, 
As that more willingly thou couldst not seem 
At Heav'ns high feasts to have fed: yet what compare 

To whom the winged Hierarch repli'd, 
O Adam, one Almightie is, from whom 
All things proceed, and up to him return. 
If not deprav'd from good, created all 
Such to perfection, one first matter all, 
Indu'd with various forms, various degrees 

(.83) 



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Taradise Lost. [bk. v. 

Of substance, and in things that live, of life ; 

But more reiin'd, more spiritous, and pure. 

As neerer to him plac't or neerer tending 

Each in thir several active Sphears assignd, 

Till body up to spirit work, in bounds 

Proportiond to each kind. So from the root 

Springs lighter the green stalk, from thence the leaves 480 

More aerie, last the bright consummate floure 

Spirits odorous breathes : flours and thir fruit 

Mans nourishment, by gradual scale sublim'd 

To vital Spirits aspire, to animal, 

To intellectual, give both life and sense, 

Fansie and understanding, whence the soule 

Reason receives, and reason is her being, 

Discursive, or Intuitive ; discourse 

Is oftest yours, the latter most is ours, 

Differing but in degree, of kind the same. 4c,o 

Wonder not then, what God for you saw good 

If I refuse not, but convert, as you. 

To proper substance ; time may come when men 

With Angels may participate, and find 

No inconvenient Diet, nor too light Fare : 

And from these corporal nutriments perhaps 

Your bodies may at last turn all to Spirit, 

Improv'd by tract of time, and wingd ascend 

Ethereal, as wee, or may at choice 

Here or in Heav'nly Paradises dwell; ■ joo 

If ye be found obedient, and retain 

Unalterably firm his love entire 

Whose progenie you are. Mean while enjoy 

Your fill what happiness this happie state 

Can comprehend, incapable of more. 

To whom the Patriarch of mankind repli'd. 
O favourable spirit, propitious guest. 
Well hast thou taught the way that might direct 
Our knowledge, and the scale of Nature set 
From center to circumference, whereon jro 

In contemplation of created things 
By steps we may ascend to God. But say. 
What meant that caution joind, if ye be found 
Obedient^ can wee want obedience then 
To him, or possibly his love desert 
(.8,) 



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.v.] Taradise Lost. 

Who formd us from the dust, and plac'd us here 
Full to the utmost measure of what bliss 
Human desires can seek or apprehend ? 
To whom the Angel. Son of Heav'n and Earth, 

. Attend : That thou art happie, owe to God ; 

: That thou continu'st such, owe to thy self, 

. That is, to thy obedience ; therein stand. 

'- This was that caution giv'n thee ; be advis'd. 

■, God made thee perfet, not immutable ; 
And good he made thee, hut to persevere 
He left it in thy power, ordaind thy will 
By nature free, not over-rul'd by Fate 
Inextricable, or strict necessity ; 
Our voluntarie service he requires. 
Not our necessitated, such with him 
Findes no acceptance, nor can find, for how 
Can hearts, not free, be tri'd whether they serve 
Willing or no, who will but what they must 
By Destinie, and can no other choose? 
My self and ail th' Angelic Host that stand 
In sight of God enthron'd, our happie state 
Hold, as you yours, while our obedience holds ; 
On other surety none ; freely we serve. 
Because wee freely love, as in our will 
To love or not ; in this we stand or fall ; 
And som are fall'n, to disobedience fall'n. 
And so from Heav'n to deepest Hell ; fall 
From what high state of bliss into what woe ! 
To whom our great Progenitor. Thy words 
Attentive, and with more delighted eare 
Divine instructer, I have heard, then when 
Cherubic Songs by night from neighbouring Hills 
Aereal Music send : nor knew I not 
To be both will and deed created free ; 
Vet that we never shall forget to love 
Our maker, and obey him whose command 
Single, is yet so just, my constant thoughts 
Assur'd me and still assure : though what thou tellst 
Hath past in Heav'n, som doubt within me move. 
But more desire to hear, if thou consent. 
The full relation, which must needs be strange, 
Worthy of Sacred silence to be heard j 



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Taradise Lost. Cbk. v 

And we have yet large day, for scarce the Sun 
Hath fiiiisht half his journey, and scarce begins 
His other half in the great Zone of Heav'n. 561 

Thus Adam made request, and Raphael 
After short, pause assenting, thus began. 

H^h matter thou injoinst me, O prime of men, 
""Sad task and hard, for how shall I relate. 
To human sense th' invisible exploits 
Of warring Spirits ; bow without remorse 
The ruin of so many glorious once 
And perfet while they stood ; how last unfould 
The secrets of another world, perhaps 
Not lawful to reveal? yet for thy good jj. 

This is dispenc't, and what surmounts the reach 
Of human sense, I shall delineate so, 
By lik'ning spiritual to corporal forms. 
As may express tbem best, though what if Earth 
Be but the shaddow of Heav'n, and things therein 
Each to other like, more then on earth is thought ? 

As yet this world was not, and Chaos wilde 
Reignd where these Heav'ns now rowl, where Earth now rest 
Upon her Center pois'd, when on a day 
(For Time, though in Eternitie, appli'd 5B 

To motion, measiu^es all things durable 
By present, past, and future) on such, day 
As Heav'ns great Year brings forth, th' Empyreal Host 
Of Angels by Imperial summons call'd. 
Innumerable before th' Almighties Throne 
Forthwith from all the ends of Heav'n appeerd 
Under thir Hierarchs in orders bright 
Ten thousand thousand Ensignes high, advanc'd, 
Standards, and Gonfalons twixt Van and Reare 
Streame in the Aire, and for distinction serve 59 

Of Hierarchies, of Orders, and Degrees ; 
Or in thir glittering Tissues bear imblaz'd 
Holy Memorials, acts of Zeale and Love 
Recorded eminent. Thus when in Orbes 
Of circuit inexpressible they stood, 
Orb within Orb, the Father infinite. 
By whom in bliss im bosom 'd sat the Son, 
A midst as from a flaming Mount, whose top 
Brightness had made invisible, thus spake. 
(.86) 



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UK. v.] Taradise Lost. 

Hear all ye Angels, Progenie of Light, 
Thrones, Dominations, Princedoms, Vertues, Powers, 
Hear my Decree, which iinrevok't shall stand. 
This day I have begot whom I declare 
My onely Son, and on this holy Hill 
Him have anointed, whom ye now behold 
At my right hand ; your Head I him appoint ; 
And by my Self have sworn to him shall how 
All knees in Heav'n, and shall confess him Lord : 
Under his great Vice-gerent Reign abide 
United as one individual Soule 
For ever happie : him who disobeyes 
Mee disobeyes, breaks union, and that day 
Cast out from God and blessed vision, falls 
Into utter darkness, deep ingulft, his place 
Ordaind without redemption, without end. 

So spake th' Omnipotent, and with his words 
All seemd well pleas'd, all seem'd but were not all. 
That day, as other solem dayes, they spent 
In song and dance about the sacred Hill, 
Mystical dance, which yonder starrie Spheare 
Of Planets and of fixt in all her Wheeles 
Resembles nearest, mazes intricate, 
Eccentric, inCervolv'd, yet regular 
Then most, when most irregular they seem ; 
And in thir motions harmonie Divine 
So smootlis her charming tones, that Gods own ear 
Listens delighted. Eevning approachd 
(For we have also our Eevning and our Morn, 
We ours for change delectable, not need) 
Forthwith from dance to sweet repast they turn 
Desirous, all in Circles as they stood. 
Tables are set, and on a sudden pii'd 
With, Angels Food, and rubied Nectar flows : 
In Pearl, in Diamond, and massie Gold, 
Fruit of delicious Vines, the growth of Heav'n. 
They eat, they drink, and with refection sweet 

627 Eevning approachd] Eevning now approachd j6y4 
636-g On flours repos'd, and with, fresh flourets crownd. 
They eate, they drink, and in communion sweet 
Quaff immortalitie and joy, secure 
Of surfet where full measure onely bounds 
Escess, before th' all bounteous King, who showrd 1614 
<■!?) 



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Taradise Lost. [bk.v. 

Are fiU'd before th' all bounteous King, who showrd 
With copious hand, rejoycing in thir joy. 
Now when ambrosial Night with Clouds exhal'd 
From that high mount of God, whence light & shade 640 
Spring both, the face of brightest Heav'n had changd 
To grateful Twilight {for Night comes not there 
In darker veile) and roseat Dews dispos'd 
All but the unsleeping eyes of God to rest. 
Wide over all the Plain, and wider fan- 
Then all this globous Earth :n Plain outspred, 
(Such are the Courts of God) Th' Angelic throng 
Disperst in Bands and Files thir Camp extend 
By living Streams among the Trees of Life, 
Pavilions numberless, and sudden reard, 650 

Celestial Tabernacles, where they slept 
Fannd with coole Winds, save those who in thir course 
Melodious Hymns about the sovran Throne 
Alternate all night long ; but not so wak'd 
Satan, so call him now, his former name 
Is heard no more in Heav'n ; he of the first. 
If not the first Arch-Angel, great in Power, 
In favour and pneerainence, yet fraught 
With envie against the Son of God, that day 
Honourd by his great Father, and proclaimd 660 

Messiah King anointed, could not beare 
Through pride that sight, and thought himself impaird. 
Deep malice thence conceiving & disdain, 
Soon as midnight brought on the duskie houre 
Friendliest to sleep and silence, he resolv'd 
With all his Legions to dislodge, and leave 
Unworshipt, unobey'd the Throne supream 
Contemptuous, and his next subordinate 
Awak'ning, thus to him in secret spake. 

Sleepst thou. Companion dear, what sleep can close 670 
Thy eye-lids? and remembrest what Decree 
Of yesterday, so late hath past the lips 
Of Heav'ns Almightie. Thou to me thy thoughts 
Wast wont, I mine to thee was wont to impart ; 
Both waking we were one ; how then can now 
Thy sleep dissent? new Laws thou seest impos'd ; 
New Laws from him who reigns, new minds may 
raise 



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■ v.] Taradise Lost. 

In us who serve, new Counsels, to debate 
What doubtful may ensue, more in this place 
To utter is not safe. Assemble thou 
Of all, those Myriads which we lead the chief; 
Tell them that by command, ere yet dim Night 
Her shadowie Cloud withdraws, I am to haste, 
And all who tinder me thir Banners wave, 
Homeward with flying march where we possess 
The Quarters of the North, there to prepare 
Fit entertainment to receive our King 
The great Messiah, and his new commands, 
Who speedily through all the Hierarchies 
Intends to pass triumphant, and give Laws. 

So spake the false Arch-Angel, and infus'd 
Bad influence into th' unwarie brest 
Of his Associate; hee together calls. 
Or several one by one, the Regent Powers, 
Under him Regent, tells, as he was taught. 
That the most High commanding, now ere Night, 
Now ere dim Night had disincumberd Heav'n, 
The great Hierarchal Standard was to move; 
Tells the suggested cause, and casts between 
Ambiguous words and jealousies, to sound 
Or taint integrJlie; but all obey'd 
The wonted signal, and superior voice 
Of thir great Potentate ; for great indeed 
His name, and high was his degree in Heav'n ; 
His count'nance, as the Morning Starr that guides 
The starrie flock, allur'd them, and with lyes 
Drew after him the third part of Heav'ns Host : 
Mean while th' Eternal eye, whose sight discernes 
Abstrusest thoughts, from forth his holy Mount 
And from within the golden Lamps that burne 
Nightly before him, saw without thir light 
Rebellion rising, saw in whom, how spred 
Among the sons of Morn, what multitudes 
Were banded to oppose his high Decree ; 
And smiling to his onely Son thus said. 

Son, thou in whom my glory I behold 
In full resplendence, Heir of all my might, 
Neerly it now concernes us to be sure 
Of our Omnipotence, and with what Arms 
(.89) U 



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Taradise Lost. [ 

We mean to hold what anciently we claim 

Of Deitie or Empire, such a foe 

Is rising, who intends to erect his Throne 

Equal to ours, throughout the spacious North ; 

Nor so content, hath in his thought to trie 

In battel, what our Power is, or our right. 

Let us advise, and to this hazard draw 

With speed what force is left, and all imploy 

In our defence, lest unawares we lose 

This our high place, our Sanctuarie, our Hill. 

To whom the Son with calm aspect and cleer 
Light'oing Divine, ineffable, serene, 
Made answer. Mightie Father, thoii thy foes 
Justly hast in derision, and secure 
Laugh'st at ihir vain designes and tumults vainj 
Matter to mee of Glory, whom thir hate 
Illustrates, when they see all Regal Power 
Giv'n me to quell thir pride, and in event 
Know whether I be dextrous to subdue 
Thy Rebels, or be found the worst in Heav'n. 

So spake the Son^ but Satan with his Powers 
Farr was advanc't on winged speed, an Host 
Innumerable as the Starrs of Night, 
Or Starrs of Morning, Dew-drops, which the Sun 
Impearls on every leaf and every flouer. 
Regions they pass'd, the mightie Regencies 
Of Seraphim and Potentates and Thrones 
In thir triple Degrees, Regions to which 
All thy Dominion, Adam, is no more 
Then what this Garden is to all the Earth, 
And all the Sea, from one entire globose 
Stretcht into Longitude ; which having pass'd 
At length into the limits of the North 
They came, and Satan to his Royal seat 
High on a Hill, far blazing, as a Mount 
Rais'd on a Mount, with Pyramids and Towrs 
From Diamond Quarries hew'n, & Rocks of Gold, 
The Palace of great Lucifer, (so call 
That Structure in the Dialect of men 
Interpreted) which not long after, hee 
Affecting all equality with God, 
In imitation of that Mount whereon 



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v.] Taradise Lost. 

Messiah was declar'd in sight of Heav'n, 
The Mountain of the Congregation call'd ; 
For thither he assembl'd all his Train, 
Pretending so commanded to consult 
About the great reception of thir King, 
Thither to come, and with calumnious Art 
Of counterfeted truth thus held thir ears. 

Thrones, Dominations, Princedomes, Vertues, Powers, 
If these magnific Titles yet remain 7; 

Not meerly titular, since by Decree 
Another now hath to himself ingross't 
All Power, and us eclipst under the name 
Of King anointed, for whom all this haste 
Of midnight march, and hurried meeting here. 
This onely to consult how we may best 
With what may be devis'd of honours new 
Receive him coming to receive from us 
Knee-tribute yet unpaid, prostration vile, 
Too much to one, but double how endur'd, jf 

To one and to his image now proclaimed? 
But what if better counsels might erect 
Our minds and teach us to cast oif this Yoke ? 
Will ye submit your necks, and chuse to bend 
The supple knee? ye will not, if I trust 
To know ye right, or if ye know your selves 
Natives and Sons of Heav'n possest before 
By none, and if not equal all, yet free, 
Equally free; for Orders and Degrees 
Jarr not with liberty, but well consist, j; 

Who can in reason then or right assume 
Monarchic over such as live by right 
His equals, if in power and splendor less. 
In freedome equal? or can introduce 
Law and Edict on us, who without law 
Erre not, much less for this to be our Lord, 
And look for adoration to th' abuse 
Of those Imperial Titles which assert 
Our being ordain'd to govern, not to serve? 

Thus farr his bold discourse without controule 81 

Had audience, when among the Seraphim 
Abdiel, tben whom none with more zeale ador'd 
The Deitie, and divine commands obei'd, 
{ 391 ) u 2 



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Paradise Lost. [b 

Stood up, and in a flame of zeale severe 
The current of his fury thus oppos'd. 

argument blasphemous, false and proud ! 
Words which no eare ever to hear in Heav'n 
Expected, least of all from thee, ingrate 
In place thy self so high above thy Peeres. 
Canst thou with impious obloquie condemne 
The just Decree of God, pronounc't and sworn. 
That to his only Son by right endu'd 
With Regal Scepter, every Soule in Heav'n 
Shall bend the knee, and in that honour due 
Confess him rightful King ? unjust thou saist 
Flatly unjust, to binde with I^ws the free. 
And equal over equals to let Reigne, 
One over all with unsucceeded power. 
Shalt thou give Law to God, shalt thou dispute 
With him the points of libertie, who made 
Thee what thou art, & formd the Pow'rs of Heav'n 
Such as he pleasd, and circumscrib'd thir being ? 
Yet by experience taught we know how good, 
And of our good, and of our dignitie 
How provident he is, how farr from thought 
To make us less, bent rather to exalt 
Our happie state under one Head more neer 
United. But to grant it thee unjust. 
That equal over equals Monarch Reigne ; 
Thy self though great & glorious dost thou count. 
Or all Angelic Nature joind in one, 
Equal to him begotten Son, by whom 
As by his Word the mighty Father made 
All things, ev'n thee, and all the Spirits of Heav'n 
By him created in thir bright degrees, 
Crownd them with Glory, & to thir Glory nam'd 
Thrones, Dominations, Princedoms, Vertues, Powers, 
Essential Powers, nor by his Reign obscur'd, 
But more illustrious made, since he the Head 
One of our number thus reduc't becomes, 
His Laws our Laws, all honour to him done 
Returns our own. Cease then this impious rage, 
And tempt not these ; but hast'n to appease 
Th' incensed Father, and th' incensed Son, 
While Pardon may be found in time besought. 



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;>.] Taradise Lost. 

So spake the fervent Angel, but his zeale 
None seconded, as out of season judg'd, 
Or singular and xssh, whereat rejoic'd 
Th' Apostat, and more haughty thus repli'd. 
That we were formd then saist thou ? & the work 
Of secondarie hands, by task ttansferd 
From Father to his Son ? strange point and new ! 
Doctrin which we would know whence learnt : who s 
When this creation was? rememberst thou 
Thy making, while the Maker gave thee being? 
We know no time when we were not as now ; 
Know none before us, self-begot, self-rais'd 
By our own quick'ning power, when fatal course 
Had circl'd his full Orbe, the birth mature 
Of this our native Heav'n, Ethereal Sons. 
Our puissance is our own, our own right hand 
Shall teach us highest deeds, by proof to try 
Who is our equal : then thou shalt behold 
Whether by supplication we intend 
Address, and to begirt th' Almighty Throne 
Beseeching or besieging. This report, 
These tidings carrie to th' anointed King; 
And fly, ere evil intercept thy flight. 

He said, and as the sound of waters deep 
Hoarce murmur echo'd to his words applause 
Through the infinite Host, nor less for that 
The flaming Seraph fearless, though aione 
Encompass'd round with foes, thus answerd bold. 

O ahenate from God, spirit accurst, 
Forsak'n of all good ; I see thy fall 
Determind, and thy hapless crew involv'd 
In this perfidious fraud, contagion spred 
Both of thy crime and punishment i henceforth 
No more be troubl'd how to quit the yoke 
Of Gods Messiah : those indulgent Laws 
Will not now be voutsaft, other Decrees 
Against thee are gon forth without recall ; 
That Golden Scepter which thou didst reject 
Is now an Iron Rod to bruise and breake 
Thy disobedience. Well thou didst advise, 
Yet not for thy advise or threats I fly 
These wicked Tents devoted, least the wraulh 
(>93) 



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Taradise Lost. [b 

Impendent, raging into sudden flame 
Distinguish not : for soon expect to feel 
His Thunder on thy head, devouring fire. 
Then who created thee lamenting learne. 
When who can uncreate thee thou shalt know. 

So spake the Seraph Abdiel faithful found. 
Among the faithless, faithful only hee ; 
Among innumerable false, unmov'd, 
Unshak'n, unseduc'd, unterrifi'd 
His Loyaltie he kept, his Love, his Zeale ; 
Nor number, nor example with him wrought 
To swerve from truth, or change his constant mind 
Though single. From amidst them forth he passd. 
Long way through hostile scorn, which he susteind 
Superior, nor of violence fear'd aught ; 
And with retorted scorn his hack he turn'd 
On those proud Towrs to swift destruction doom'd. 



'the End of the Fifth BooL 



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PARADISE LOST. 

BOOK VI. 

THE ARGUMENT. 

Raphael continues to relate how Michael and Gabriel were sent 
forth to Battel against Satan and his Angels. The first Fight described: 
Satan and his Powers retire under Night : He calls a Councel, invents 
devilish Engines, which in the secmd dayes Fight put Michael and 
his Aneels to some disorder; But they at length pulling up Mountains 
overwhelm'd both the force and Machins of Sataa : Vet the Tumult 
not so ending, God on the third day sends Messiah his Son, for whom 
he had res^~v'd the glory of that Victory : Hee in the Power of his 
Father coming to the place, and causing all his Legions to stand still 
on either side, with his Chariot and Thunder driving into the midst of 
his Enemies, pursues them unable to resist towards the wall of Heavenj 
which opening, they leap down with horrour cmd confusion into the 
place of punishment prepat'd for them in the Deep: Messiah returns 
with triumph to his Father. 

All night the dreadless Angel unpursu'd 
Through Heav'ns wide Charopain held his way till Morn, 
Wak't by the circling Hours, with rosie hand 
Unbarr'd the gates of I.ight. There is a Cave 
Within the Mount of God, fast by his Throne, 
Where light and darkness in perpetual round 
Lodge and dislodge by turns, which makes through HeaVn 
Grateful vicissitude, like Day and Night; 
Light issues forth, and at the other dore 
Obsequious darkness enters, till her houre ro 

To veile the Heav'n, though darkness there mijht well 
Seem twihght here ; and now went forth the Morn 
Such as in highest Heav'n, arrayd in Gold 
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Taradise Lost. [ek.- 

Empyreal, from before her vanisht Night, 
Shot through with orient Beams : when all the Plain 
Coverd with thick embatteld Squadrons bright, 
Chariots and flaming Armes, and fierie Steeds 
Reflecting blaze on blaze, first met his view : 
Warr he perceav'd, warr in procinct, and found 
Already known what he for news had thought 
To have reported : gladly then he mixt 
Among those friendly Powers who him receav'd 
With joy and acclamations loud, that one 
That of so many Myriads fall'n, yet one 
Returnd not lost: On to the sacred hill 
They led him high applauded, and present 
Before the seat supream ; from whence a voice 
From midst a Golden Cloud thus milde was heard. 
Servant of God, well done, well hast thou fought 
The better fight, who single hast raaintaind 
Against revolted multitudes the Cause 
Of Truth, in word mightier then they in Armes ; 
And for the testimonie of Truth hast born 
Universal reproach, far worse to beare 
Then violence : for this was all thy care 
To stand approv'd in sight of God, though Worlds 
Judg'd thee perverse : the easier conquest now 
Remains thee, aided by this host of friends, 
Back on thy foes more glorious to return 
Then scornd thou didst depart, and to subdue 
By force, who reason for thir Law refuse, 
Right reason for thir Law, and for thir King 
Messiah, who by right of merit Reigns. 
Goe Michael of Celestial Armies Prince, 
And thou in Military prowess next 
Gabriel, lead forth to Battel these my Sons 
Invincible, lead forth my armed Saints 
By Thousands and by Millions rang'd for fight ; 
Equal in number to that Godless crew 
Rebellious, them with Fire and hostile Arms 
Fearless assault, and to the brow of Heav'n 
Pursuing drive them out from God and bliss, 
Into thir place of punishment, the Gulf 
Of Tartarus, which ready opens wide 
His fiery Chaos to receave ttiir fall. 
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BK.VI.] 'Paradise Lost. 



So spake the Sovran voice, and Clouds began 
To darken all the Hill, and smoak to rowl 
In duskie wreathes, reluctant flames, the signe 
Of wrauth awak't : nor with less dread the loud 
Ethereal Trumpet from on high gan blow: 
At which command the Powers Militant, 
That stood for Heav'n, in mighty Quadrate joyn'd 
Of Union irresistible, raov'd on 
In silence ihir bright Legions, to the sound 
Of instrumental Harmonie that breath'd 
Heroic Ardor to advent'rous deeds 
Under thir God-like Leaders, in the Cause 
Of God and his Messiah. On they move 
Indissolubly firm ; nor obvious Hill, 
Nor streit'ning Vale, nor Wood, nor Stream divides 
Thir perfet ranks ; for high above the ground 
Thir march was, and the passive Air upbore 
Thir nimble tread; as when the total kind 
Of Birds in orderly array on wing 
Came summond over Eden to receive 
Thir names of thee ; so over many a tract 
Of Heav'n they march'd, and many a Province wide 
Tenfold the length of this terrene ; at last 
Farr in th' Horizon to the North appeer'd 
From skirt to skirt a fierie Region, stretch t 
In battailous aspect, and neerer view 
Bristl'd with upright beams innumerable 
Of rigid Spears, and Helmets throng'd, and Shields 
Various, with boastful Argument portraid, 
The banded Powers of Saiar h g 
With furious expedition ; for h y w d 
That self same day by fight, b> rp 
To win the Mount of God, d h Th 
To set the envier of his Stat 1 p d 
Aspirer, but thir thoughts pr d f i d 
In the mid way : though str d 

At first, that Angel should w h A g 1 w 
And in fierce hosting meet, wh 
So oft in Festivals of joy and ) 
Unanimous, as sons of one great Sire 
Hymning th' Eternal Father: but the shout 
Of Battel now began, and rushing sound 



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Taradise Lost. [bk.^ 

Of onset ended soon each milder thought. 

High in the midst exaked as a God 

Th' Apostat in his Sun-bright Chariot sate i 

Idol of Majestie Divine, enclos'd 

With Flaming Cherubim, and golden Shields; 

Then lighted from his gorgeous Throne, for now 

'Twixt Host and Host but narrow space was left, 

A dreadful interval, and Front to Front 

Presented stood in terrible array 

Of hideous length : before the cloudie Van, 

On the rough edge of battel ere it joyn'd, 

Satan with vast and haughtie strides advanc't, 

Came towring, armd jn Adamant and Gold ; i 

Abdiel that sight endur'd not, where he stood 

Among the mightiest, bent on highest deeds. 

And thus his own undaunted heart explores. 

O Heav'n ! that such resemblance of the Highest 
Should yet remain, where faith and realtie 
Remain not ; wherefore should not strength & might 
There fail where Vertue fails, or weakest prove 
Where boldest ; though to sight unconquerable ? 
His puissance, trusting in th' Almightie's aide, 
1 mean to try, whose Reason I have tri'd t 

Unsound and false ; nor is it aught but just, 
That he who in debate of Truth hath won. 
Should win in Arms, in both disputes alike 
Victor ; though brutish that contest and foule. 
When Reason hath to deal with force, yet so 
Most reason is that Reason overcome. 

So pondering, and from his armed Peers 
Forth stepping opposite, half way he met 
His daring foe, at this prevention more 
Incens't, and thus securely him defi'd. i 

Proud, art thou met? thy hope was to have reacht 
The highth of thy aspiring unoppos'd, 
The Throne of God unguarded, and his side 
Abandond at the terror of thy Power 
Or potent tongue ; fool, not to think how vain 
Against th' Omnipotent to rise in Arms; 
Who out of smallest things could without end 
Have rais'd incessant Armies to defeat 
Thy folly; or with solitarie hand 



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BK.VI.] Taradise Lost. 

Reaching beyond all limit, at one blow 
Unaided could have finisht thee, and whelmd 
Thy Legions under darkness ; but thou seest 
All are not of thy Train ; there be who Faith 
Prefer, and Pietie to God, though then 
To thee not visible, when I alone 
Seemed in thy World erroneous to dissent 
From all : my Sect thou seest, now learn too late 
How few somtimes may know, when thousands err. 

Whom the grand foe with scornful eye askance 
Thus answerd. Ill for thee, but in wisht houre 
Of ray revenge, first sought for thou returnst 
From flight, seditious Angel, to receave 
Thy merited reward, the first assay 
Of this right hand provok't, since first that tongue 
Inspir'd with contradiction durst oppose 
A third part of the Gods, in Synod met 
Thir Deities to assert, who while they feel 
Vigour Divine within them, can allow 
Omnipotence to none. But well thou comst 
Before thy fellows, ambitious to win 
From me som Plume, that thy success may show 
. Destruction to the rest : this pause between 
(Unanswerd least thou boast) to let thee know; 
At first I thought that Libertie and Heav'n 
To heav'nly Soules had bin all one ; but now 
I see that most through sloth had rather serve, 
Ministring Spirits, trained up in Feast and Song ; 
Such hast thou arm'd, the Minstrelsie of Heav'n, 
Servilitie with freedom to contend, 
As both thir deeds compar'd this day shall prove. 

To whom in brief thus Abdid stern repli'd. 
Apostat still thou errst, nor end wilt find 
Of erring, from the path of truth remote : 
Unjustly thou deprav'st it with the name 
Of Servitude to serve whom God ordains, 
Or Nature; God and Nature bid the same. 
When he who rules is worthiest, and excells 
Them whom he governs. This is servitude, 
To serve th' unwise, or hira who hath rebelld 
Against his worthier, as thine now serve thee, 
Thy self not free, but to thy self enthrall'd ; 
(-99) 



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^Paradise Lost. [bk. 

Yet leudly dar'st our ministring upbraid. 
Reign thou in Hell thy Kingdom, let mee serve 
In Heav'n God ever blest, and his Divine 
Behests obey, worthiest to be obey'd, 
Yet Chains in Hell, not Realms expect t mean while 
From mee returnd, as erst thou saidst, from flight, 
This greeting on thy impious Crest receive. 
So saying, a noble stroke he lifted high, 
Which hung not, but so swift with tempest fell 
On the proud Crest of Satan, that no sight. 
Nor motion of swift thought, less could his Shield 
Such ruin intercept : ten paces huge 
He back recoiJd ; the tenth on bended knee 
His massie Spear upstaid; as if on Earth 
Winds under ground or waters forcing way 
Sidelong, had push't a Mountain from his seat 
Half sunk with all his Pines. Amazement seis'd 
The Rebel Thrones, but greater rage to see 
Thus foil'd thir mightiest, ours joy filld, and shout. 
Presage of Victorie and fierce desire 
Of Battel : whereat Michael bid sound 
. Th' Archangel trumpet ; through the vast of Heav'n 
/ It sounded, and the faithful Armies rung 
( Hosanna to the Highest : nor stood at gaze 
■ The adverse Legions, nor less hideous joyn'd 
The horrid shock : now storming furie rose, 
And clamour such as heard in Heav'n till now 
Was never, Arms on Armour clashing bray'd 
Horrible discord, and the madding Wheeles 
Of brazen Chariots rag'd; dire was the noise 
Of conflict; over head the dismal hiss 
Of fiery Darts in flaming volies flew, 
And flying vaulted either Host with fire. 
So under fierie Cope together rush'd 
Both Battels maine, with ruinous assault 
And inextinguishable rage ; all Heav'n 
Resounded, and had Earth bin then, all Earth 
Had to her Center shook. What wonder? when 
Millions of fierce encountring Angels fought 
On either side, the least of whom could weild 
These Elements, and arm him with the force 
Of all thir Regions : how much more of Power 
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■ VI.] "Paradise Lost. 

Armie against Armie numberless to raise 
Dreadful combustion warring, and disturb, 
Though not destroy, thir happie Native seat ; 
Had not th' Eternal King Omnipotent 
From his strong hold of Heav'n high over-rul'd 
And limited thir might; though numberd such 
As each divided Legion might have seemd 
A numerous Host, in strength each armed hand 
A Legion ; led in fight, yet Leader seemd 
Each Warriour single as in Chief, expert 
When to advance, or stand, or turn the sway 
Of Battel, open when, and when to close 
The ridges of grim Warr ; no thought of flight, 
None of retreat, no unbecoming deed 
That argu'd fear ; each on himself reli'd, 
As onely in his arm the moment lay 
Of victorie ; deeds of eternal fame 
Were don, but infinite : for wide was spred 
That Warr and various ; somtimes on firm ground 
A standing fight, then soaring on main wing 
Tormented all the Air; all Air seemd then 
Conflicting Fire: long time in eeven scale 
The Battel hung ; till Satan, who that day 
Prodigious power had shewn, and met in Armes 
No equal, raunging through the dire attack 
Of fighting Seraphim confus'd, at length 
Saw where the Sword of Michael smote, and fell'd 
Squadrons at once, with huge two-handed sway 
Brandisht aloft the horrid edge came down 
Wide wasting; such destruction to withstand 
He hasted, and oppos'd the rockie Orb 
Of tenfold Adamant, his ample Shield 
A vast circumference : At his approach 
The great Arch-Angel from his warlike toile 
Surceas'd, and glad as hoping here to end 
Intestine War in Heav'n, the arch foe subdu'd 
Or Captive drag'd in Chains, with hostile frown 
And visage all enflam'd first thus began. 
Author of evil, unknown till thy revolt, 
Unnam'd in Heav'n, now plenteous, as thou seest 
These Acts of hateful strife, hateful to all, 
~" "i heaviest by just measure on thy self 

(30.) 



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Taradise Lost. [bk. 

And thy adherents : how hast thou disturb'd 

Heav'ns blessed peace, and into Nature brought 

Miserie, uncreated till the crime 

Of thy Rebellion ? how hast thou instiil'd 

Thy malice into thousands, once upright 

And faithful, now prov'd false. But think not here 

To trouble Holy Rest; Heav'n casts thee out 

From all her Confines. Heav'n the seat of hliss 

Brooks not the works of violence and Warr. 

Hence then, and evi! go with thee along 

Thy ofspring, to the place of evil, Hell, 

Thou and thy wicked crew; there mingle broiles. 

Ere this avenging Sword begin thy doome, 

Or som more sudden vengeance wing'd from God 

Precipitate thee with augmented paine. 

So spake the Prmce of Angels to whom thus 
The Adversarie Nor Ihmk thcu with wmd 
Of airie threats to aw whom yet with deeds 
Thou canst not Hast thou turnd the least of these 
To flight or if to fall but that they rise 
Un^anqmsht easier to tr^^sact with mee 
That thou shouldst hope imperious Is. with threats 
To chase me hence? erre not that so shall end 
The strife which thou callst evd but wee style 
The strife of Clone which we mean to win. 
Or turn this Heav n it self into the Hell 
Thou fiblest, here however to dwell free 
If not to reign mean while th> utmost force 
\nd join him namd 4lmighlie to thj aid 
I flie not but have sought thee farr and nigh 

The) ended parle and both addrest for ^ht 
Unspeakable for who though with the tongue 
Of Angels can relate or to what things 
Liken on Earth conspicuous that may lift 
Human imagmation to such highth 
Of Godhke Power fur likest (. ods thej seemd, 
Stood they or mjid m stature motion arms 
Fit to decide the Empire of great Heav n 
Now wavd th r hcnt Swords and in the Aire 
Made horrid Circles; two broad Suns thir Shields 
Blaz'd opposite, while expectation stood 
In horror; from each hand with speed retir'd 
(302) 



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BK.VI.] 'Paradise Lost. 



Where erst was thickest fight, th' Angelic throng, 

And left large field, unsafe within the wind 

Of such commotion, such as to set forth 310 

Great things by small, if Natures concord broke, 

Among the Constellations warr were sprung. 

Two Planets rushing from aspect maligne 

Of fiercest opposition in mid Skie, 

Should combat, and thir jarring Sphears confound. 

Together both with next to Almightie Arme, 

UpHfted imminent one stroke they aim'd 

That might determine, and not need repeate. 

As not of power, at once ; nor odds appeerd 

In might or swift prevention; but the sword 320 

Of Michael from the Armorie of God 

Was giv'n him temperd so, that neither keen 

Nor solid might resist that edge ; it met 

The sword of Satan with steep force to smite 

Descending, and in half cut sheere, nor staid. 

But with swift wheele reverse, deep entring shar'd 

All his right side ; then Satan first knew pain. 

And writh'd -him to and fro convolv'd ; so sore 

The griding sword with discontinuous wound 

Pass'd through him, but th' Ethereal substance clos'd 3J0 

Not long divisible, and from the gash 

A stream of Nectarous humor issuing floVd 

Sanguin, such as Celestial Spirits may bleed. 

And all his Armour staind ere while so bright. 

Forthwith on all sides to his aide was run 

By Angels many and strong, who interpos'd 

Defence, while others bore him on thir Shields 

Back to his Chariot ; where it stood retir'd 

From off the files of warr ; there they him laid 

Gnashing for anguish and despite and shame 340 

To find himself not matchless, and his pride 

Humbl'd by such rebuke, so farr beneath 

His confidence to equal God in power. 

Yet soon he heal'd ; for Spirits that hve throughout 

Vital in every part, not as frail man 

In Entrailes, Heart or Head, Liver or Reines, 

Cannot but by annihilating die ; 

Nor in thir liquid texture mortal wound 

Receive, no more then can the fluid Aire : 

(3-3) 



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Taradise Lost. [bk. 

AH Heait they live, all Head, all Eye, all Eare, ; 

All Intellect, all Sense, and as they please. 
They Limb themselves, and colour, shape or size 
Assume, as likes them best, condense or rare. 

Mean while in other parts like deeds deservd 
Memorial, where the might of Gabriel fought, 
And with Jierce Ensignes pierc'd the deep array 
Of Moloc furious King, who him defi'd, 
And at his Chariot wheeles to drag him bound 
Threatn'd, nor from the Holie One of Heav'n 
Refrein'd his tongue blasphemous; but anon 
Down clov'n to the waste, with shatterd Armes 
And uncouth paine fled bellowing. On each wing 
Urid and Raphael his vaunting foe, 
Though huge, and in a Rock of Diamond Armd, 
Vanquish'd Adramelec, and Asmadai, 
Two potent Thrones, that to be less then Gods 
Disdain'd, but meaner thoughts learnd in thir flight, 
'X Mangl'd with gastly wounds through Plate and Maile. 
\ Nor stood unmindful Abdiel to annoy 
■■-v^ThiuAtheiaJ^CEew, but with redoubl'd blow 
Ariel and Arioc, and the violence 
Of Ramiel scorcht and blasted overthrew. 
I might relate of thousands, and thir names 
Eternize here on Earth; hut those elect 
Angels contented with thir fame in Heav'n 
Seek not the praise of men ; the other sort 
In might though wondrous and in Acts of Warr, 
Nor of Renown less eager, yet by doome 
Canceld from Heav'n and sacred memorie. 
Nameless in dark oblivion let them dwell. 
For strength from Truth divided and from Just, 
Illaudahle, naught merits hut dispraise 
And ignominie, yet to glorie aspires 
Vain glorious, and through infamie seeks fame : 
Therfore Eternal silence be thir doome. 

And now thir mightiest quelld, the battel swerv'd, 
With many an inrode gor'd ; deformed rout 
Enter'd, and foul disorder ; all the ground 
With shiverd armour strow'n, and on a heap 
Chariot and Charioter lay overturnd 
And fierie foaming Steeds ; what stood, recoyld 
(304) 



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BK.VI.] Varadise Lost. 

Orewearied, through the faint Satanic Host 

Defensive scarce, or with pale fear surpris'd, 

Then first with fear surpris'd and sense of paine 

Fled ignominious, to such evil brought 

By sinne of disobedience, till that hour 

Not liable to fear or flight or paine. 

Far otherwise th' inviolable Saints 

In Cubic Phalanx firm advanc't entire. 

Invulnerable, impenitriblj armd 

Such high advantages thir innocence 

Gave them above thir foes not to have sinnd, 

Not to have disobei'd in fight they stood 

Unwearied, unobnoxious to be paan d 

By wound, though from thir place by violence mov'd. 

Now Night her course began and over Heav'n 
Inducing darkness, grateful truce impos'd. 
And silence on the odious dinn of Warr: 
Under her Cloudie cotert both retird, 
Victor and Vanquisht on the foughlen field 
Michael and his Angels pre\alent 
Encamping, plac'd in Guard th r \\ atches round, 
Cherubic waving fires on th other part 
Satan with his rebellious disappeerd 
Far in the dark dislodgd and \oid of rest, 
His Potentates to Councel call d bj night ; 
And in the midst thus undismaj'd began. 

O now in danger tri'd, now known in Armes 
Not to be overpowerd. Companions deare, 
Found worthy not of libertie alone, 
Too mean pretense, but what we more affect. 
Honour, Dominion, Glorie, and renowne. 
Who have sustaind one day in doubtful fight, 
(And if one day, why not Eternai dayes?) 
What Heavens Lord had powerfullest to send 
Against us from about his Throne, and judg'd 
Sufficient to subdue us to his will, 
But proves not so ; then fallible, it seems, 
Of future we may deem him, though till now 
Omniscient thought. True is, less firmly arm'd. 
Some disadvantage we endur'd and paine. 
Till now not known, but known as soon contemnd, 
Since now we find this our Empyreal forme 
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Taradise Lost. Cbk.v 

Incapable of mortal injurie 

Imperishable, and though peirc'd with wound, 

Soon closing, and by native vigour heal'd. 

Of evil then so small as easie think 

The remedje ; perhaps more valid Armes, 

Weapons more violent, when next we meet, 

May serve to better us, and worse our foes, 4, 

Or equal what between us made the odds. 

In Nature none : if other hidden cause 

Left them Superiour, while we can preserve 

Unhurt our mindes, and understanding sound, 

Due search and consultation will disclose. 

He sat; and in th' assembly next upstood 
Nisroc, of Principalities the prime ; 
As one he stood escap't from cruel fight. 
Sore toild, his riv'n Armes to havoc hewn, 
And cloudie in aspect thus answering spake. i,. 

Deliverer from new Lords, leader to free 
Enjoyment of our right as Gods ; yet hard 
For Gods, and too unequal work we find 
Against unequal armes to fight in paine, 
Against unpaind, impassive ; liom which evil 
Ruin must needs ensue ; for what availes 
Valour or strength, though matchless, quelld with pain 
Which all subdues, and makes remiss the hands 
Of Mightiest. Sense of pleasure we may well 
Spare out of life perhaps, and not repine, 41 

But live content, which is the calmest life: 
But pain is perfet miserie, the worst 
Of evils, and excessive, overturnes 
All patience. He who therefore can invent 
With what more forcible we may offend 
Our yet unwounded Enemies, or arme 
Our selves with like defence, to mee deserves 
No less then for deliverance what we owe. 

Whereto with look compos'd Satan repli'd. 
Not uninvented that, which thou aright 4 

Beleivst so main to our success, I bring ; 
Which of us who beholds the bright surface 
Of this Ethereous mould whereon we stand, 
This continent of spacious Heav'n, adornd 
With Plant, Fruit, Flour Ambrosial, Gemms & Gold, 
(3=6) 



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"VI.] Taradise Lost. 

Whose Eye so superficially surveyes 
These things, as not to mind from whence they grow 
Deep under ground, materials dark and crude, 
Of spiritous and fierie spume, till toucht 
With Heav'ns ray, and temperd they shoot forth 480 

So beauteous, op'ning to the ambient light. 
These in thir dark Nativitie the Deep 
Shall yeild us, pregnant witli infernal flame, 
Which into hollow Engins long and round 
Thick-rammd, at th' other bore with touch of fire 
Dilated and infuriate shall send forth 
From far with thundring noise among our foes 
Such implements of mischief as shall dash 
To pieces, and orewhelm whatever stands 
Adverse, that they shall fear we have disarmd 490 

The Thunderer of his only dreaded bolt. 
Nor long shall be our labour, yet ere dawne. 
Effect shall end our wish. Mean while revive ; 
Abandon fear ; to strength and counsel joind 
Think nothing hard, much less to be despaird. 
He ended, and his words thir drooping chere 
Enlightn'd, and thir languisht hope reviv'd. 
Th' invention all admir'd, and each, how hee 
To be th' inventer miss'd, so easie it seemd 
Once found, which yet unfound most would have thought 
Impossible : yet haply of thy Race 501 

In future dayes, if Malice should abound, 
Some one intent on mischief, or inspir'd 
With dev'lish machination might devise 
Like instrument to plague the Sons of men 
For sin, on warr and mutual slaughter bent. 
Forthwith from Councel to the work they flew, 
. None arguing stood, innumerable hands 
Were ready, in a moment up they turad 
Wide the Celestial soile, and saw beneath 510 

Th' originals of Nature in thir crude 
Conception ; Sulphurous and Nitrous Foame 
They found, they mingl'd, and with sutde Art, 
Concocted and adusted they reduc'd 
To blackest grain, and into store conveyd: 
Part hidd'n veins diggd up (nor hath this Earth 
Entrails unlike) of Mineral and Stone, 
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Taradise Lost. [bk.- 

Whereof to found thir Engins and thir Balls 

Of missive ruin ; part incentive reed 

Provide, pernicious with one touch to fire. = 

So all ere day-spring, under conscious Night 

Secret they finish'd, and in order set, 

With silent circumspection unespi'd. 

Now when fair Mom Orient in Heav'n appeerd 

Up rose the Victor Angels, and to Arms 

The matin Trumpet Sung : in Arms they stood 

Of Golden Panoplie, refulgent Host, 

Soon banded ; others from the dawning Hills 

Lookd round, and Scouts each Coast light-armed scours 

Each quarter, to descrie the distant foe, = 

Where lodg'd, or whither fled, or if for fight, 

In motion or in alt ; him soon they met 

Under spred Ensignes moving nigh, in slow 

But firm Battalion : back with speediest Sail 

Zofhiei, of Cherubim the swiftest wing, 

Came flying, and in mid Aire aloud thus cri'd. 

Arme, Warriours, Arme for fight, the foe at hand, 
Whom fled we thought, will save us long pursuit 
This day, fear not his flight ; so thick a Cloud 
He comes, and settl'd in his face I see ; 

Sad resolution and secure : let each 
His Adamantine coat gird well, and each 
Fit well his Helme, gripe fast his orbed Shield, 
Born eevn or high, for this day will pour down. 
If I conjecture aught, no drizling showr. 
But ratling storm of Arrows barbd with fire. 
So warnd he them aware themselves, and soon 
In order, quit of all impediment ; 
Instant without disturb they took AUarm, 
And onward move Embattelld ; when behold ; 

Not distant far with heavie pace the Foe 
, Approaching gross and huge ; in hollow Cube 
Training his devilish Enginrie, impal'd 
On every side with shaddowing Squadrons Deep, 
To hide the fraud. At interview both stood 
A while, but suddenly at head appeerd 
Satan : And thus was heard Commanding loud. 

Vangard, to Right and Left the Front unfould; 
That all may see who hate us, how we seek 
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VI.] 'Paradise Lost. 

Peace and composure, and with open brest 
Stand readie to recene them, if they Hke 
Our overture, and turn not back perverse; 
But that I doubt, however witness Heaven, 
Heav'n witness thou anon, while we discharge 
Freely our part yee who appointed stand 
Do as you ha\e in charge, and briefly touch 
What we propound, and loud that all may hear. 

So scofhng in ambiguous words, he scarce 
Had ended, when to Right and Left the Front 
Divided, and to either Flank retir'd. 
Which to our eyes discos erd new and strange, 
A triple mounted row of Pillars laid 
On ^\ heels (for like to Pillars most they seem'd 
Or hollow d bodies made of Oak or Firr 
With branches lopC, m Wood or Mountain fell'd) 
Brass, Iron, Stonie mould, had not thir mouthes 
With hideous orifice gap't on us wide, 
Portending hollow truce , at each behind 
A Seraph stood, and in his hand a Reed 
Stood waving tipt with tire , while we suspense, 
Collected stood within our thoughts amus'd, 
Not long, for sudden all at once thir Reeds 
Put forth, and to a narrow vent appli'd 
With nicest touch Immediate in a flame. 
But soon ohscurd with smoak, all Heav'n appeerd, 
From those deep-throated Engins belcht, whose roar 
Emboweld with outragious noise the Air, 
And all her entrails tore, disgorging foule 
Thir devillish glut, chaind Thunderbolts and Hail 
Of Iron Globes, which on the Victor Host 
Level'd, with such impetuous furie smote, 
That whom they hit, none on thir feet might stand. 
Though standing else as Rocks, but down they fell 
By thousands. Angel on Arch-Angel rowl'd ; 
The sooner for thir Arms, unarm'd they might 
Have easily as Spirits evaded swift 
By quick contraction or remove ; but now 
Foule dissipation foUow'd and forc't rout; 
Nor serv'd it to relax thir serried files. 
What should they do? if on they rusht, repulse 
Repeated, and indecent overthrow 
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"Paradise Lost. [ek. 

Doubld would render them jet more deapiad, 

And to thir foes i laughter for in view 

Stood rankt of Seraphim another row 

Ii posture to d splode thir second tire 

Of Thunder back defeated to return 

Thej vioise abhorrd Saizn beheld th r phght, 

And to his Mates thus a dension call d 

O triends whj come not on these Victors proud? 
Ere while they fierce were comn^ and when wee, i 
To entertain them far with open Front 
'Vnd Brest {what could we more') proiounded terms 
Of compos tion strait they chaigd thir n inda 
Flew off and nto strange vagaries feO 
As they wouid dance yet for a dance they seemd 
Somwhat extrivif,ant and w Ide perhapa 
For joy of offerd peace but I suppose 
If our proposals once a^ain were heard 
\\e should compel them to a ^uick result 

To whom thus B hal in like gamesom mood, ( 

Leader the terms we sent were terms of weight. 
Of hard coitents and fill of force urgd home, 
Such IS ^e might perceive amusd them ill 
And stumbld many who recedes them nght 
Had need f om bead to foot well understand. 
Not understood th s gift they lave besdes 
Thej shcv us when our foes \ alk not uprght 

So they imonir themselves in pleasint \eine 
Stood scoffii g h%hthn d in thir thoughts beyond 
All doubt of Victor e eternal might t 

To match with thir invent ons the} presum d 
So casie and of h s Thunder i lade a scorn 
And all his Host der ded, while they stood 
A while m trouble but they stood not long 
Rage prompted them at length is. found them arms 
Against such hellish misch et fit to oppose 
Forthwith (behold the excellence the power 
\^ hich God hath in his mighty Angels pkc d) 
Thir Arms away they threw and to the Kills 
(J or Earth hath this variety from Heavn 6 

Of pleasure s tuate in Hill and Dale) 
L ght is tl e Lightning glimps tbcj ran they flew, 
Irom thir foundations loosning to and fro 
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.VI.] Paradise Lost. 

They pluckt the seated Hills with all thir load, 

Rocks, Waters, Woods, and by the shaggie tops 

Up lifting bore them in thir hands : Amaze, 

Be sure, and terrour seis'd the rebel Host, 

.When coming towards them so dread they saw 

The bottom of the Mountains upward turn'd. 

Till on those cursed Engins triple-row 

They saw them whelmd, and all thir confidence 

Under the weight of Mountains buried deep, 

Themselves invaded next, and on thir heads 

Main Promontories flung, which in the Air 

Came shadowing, and opprest whole Legions arm'd, 

Thir armor help'd their harm, crush't in and brus'd 

Into thir substance pent, which wrought them pain 

Implacable, and many a dolorous groan, 

Long strugling underneath, ere they could wind 

Out of such prison, though Spirits of purest light, 

Purest at first, now gross by sinning grown. 

The rest jn imitation to like Armes 

Betook them, and the neighbouring Hills uptore; 

So Hills amid the Air encountered Hills 

Hurl'd to and fro with jaculation dire, 

That under ground they fought in dismal shade ; 

Infernal noise; Warr seem'd a civil Game 

To this uproar; horrid confusion heapt 

Upon confusion rose ; and now all Heav'n 

Had gone to wrack, with ruin overspred. 

Had not th' Alraigbtie Father where he sits 

Shrin'd in his Sanctuarie of Heav'n secure. 

Consulting on the sum of things, foreseen 

This tumult, and permitted all, advis'd: 

That his great purpose he might so fulfill, 

To honour his Anointed Son aveng'd 

Upon his enemies, and to declare 

All power on him transferr'd : whence to his Son 

Th' Assessor of his Throne he thus began. 

Effulgence of my Glorie, Son belov'd. 
Son in whose face invisible is beheld 
Visibly, what by Deitie I am. 
And in whose hand what by Decree I doe, 
Second Omnipotence, two dayes are past. 
Two dayes, as we compute the dayes of Heav'n, 

(3..) 



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'Paradise Lost. 



Since Michael and his Powers went forth to tame 

These disobedient ; sore hatli been thir fight, 

As likeliest was, when two such Foes met arm'd; 

For to themselves I left them, and thou knowst. 

Equal in their Creation they were form'd, 6 

Save what sin hath impaird, which yet hath wrought 

Insensibly, for I suspend thir doom ; 

Whence in perpetual fight they needs must last 

Endless, and no solution will be found : 

Warr wearied hath perform'd what Warr can do. 

And to disorder'd rage let loose the reines. 

With Mountains as with Weapons arm'd, which makes 

Wild work in Heav'n, and dangerous to the maine. 

Two dayes are therefore past, the third is thine; 

For thee I have ordain'd it, and thus farr ji 

Have sufferd, that the Glorie may be thine 

Of ending this great Warr, since none but Thou 

Can end it. Into thee such Vertue and Grace 

Immense I have transfus'd, that all may know 

In Heav'n and Hell thy Power above compare. 

And this perverse Commotion governd thus, 

To manifest thee worthiest to be Heir 

Of all things, to be Heir and to be King 

By Sacred Unction, thy deserved right. 

Go then thou Mightiest in thy Fathers might, 7: 

Ascend my Chariot, guide the rapid Wheeles 

That shake Heav'ns basis, bring forth all my Warr, 

My Bow and Thunder, my Almightie Arms 

Gird on, and Sword upon thy puissant Thigh; 

Pursue these sons of Darkness, drive them out 

From all Heav'ns bounds into the utter Deep : 

There let them learn, as likes them, to despise 

God and Messiah his anointed King. 

He said, and on his Son with Rayes direct 
Shon full, he all his Father full exprest 7; 

Ineffably into his face receiv'd. 
And thus the filial Godhead answering spake. 

O Father, O Supream of heav'nly Thrones, 
First, Highest, Holiest, Best, thou alwayes seekst 
To glorifie thy Son, I alwayes thee. 
As is most just ; this I my Glorie account, 
My exaltation, and my whole delight. 



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.VI.] 'Paradise Lost. 

That thou in me well pleas'd declarst thy will 
Fulfiird, which to fulfil is all my bliss. 
Scepter and Power, thy giving, I assume, 730 

And gladlier shall resign, when in the end 
Thou shah be All in All, and I in thee 
For ever, and in mee all whom thou lov'st; 
But whom thou hat'st, I hate, and can put on 
Thy terrors, as I put thy mildness on. 
Image of thee in al! things ; and shall soon, 
Armd with thy m^ht, rid heav'n of these rebell'd, 
To thir prepar'd ill Mansion driven down 
To chains of Darkness, and th' undying Worm, 
That from thy just obedience could revolt, 740 

Whom to obey is happiness entire. 

Then shall thy Saints unmixt, and from th' impure ^^...-— 
Farr separate, circling thy holy Mount ^ — 

Unfained Halleluiahs to thee sing, '^^-—""'^ 
Hymns of high praise, and I among them chief. 
So said, he o're his Scepter bowing, rose 
From the right hand of Glorie where he sate, 
And the third sacred Morn began to shine 
Dawning through Heav'n : forth rush'd with whirl-wind sound 
The Chariot of Paternal Deitie, 750 

Flashing thick flames, Wheele within Wheele undrawn, 
It self instinct with Spirit, but convoyd 
By four Cherubic shapes, four Faces each 
Had wondrous, as with Starrs thir bodies all 
And Wings were set with Eyes, with Eyes the Wheels 
Of Beril, and careering Fires between ; 
Over thir heads a chrystal Firmament, 
Whereon a Saphir Throne, inlaid with pure 
Amber, and colours of the showrie Arch. 
Hee in Celestial Panoplie all armd j5o 

Of radiant Urim, work divinely wrought. 
Ascended, at his right hand Victorie 
Sate E^le-wing'd, beside him hung his Bow 
And Quiver with three-bolted Thunder stor'd. 
And from about him fierce Effusion rowld 
Of smoak and bickering flame, and sparkles dire; 
Attended with ten thousand thousand Saints, 
He onward came, farr off his coming shon. 
And twentie thousand {I thir number heard) 
(3>3) 



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Taradise Lost. u 

Chariots of God, half on each hand were seen : 

Hee on the wings of Cherub rode sublime 

On tbe Crystallin Skie, in Saphir Thron'd. 

Illustrious fanr and wide, but by his own 

First seen, them anexpected joy stirpriz'd. 

When the great Ensign of Messiah blaz'd 

Aloft by Angels born, his Sign in Heav'n : 

Under whose Conduct Michael soon reduc'd 

His Armie, circunifus'd on either Wing, 

Under thii Head imbodied all in one. 

Before bim Power Divine his way prepar'd; 

At bis command the uprooted Hills retir'd 

Each to his place, they beard his voice and went 

Obsequious, Heav'n his wonted face renewed, 

And with fresh Flourets Hill and Valley smil'd. 

This saw his hapless Foes, but stood obdur'd, 

And to rebellious fight rallied thir Powers 

Insensate, hope conceiving from despair. 

In heav'nly Spirits could such perverseness dwell? 

But to convince the proud what Signs availe. 

Or Wonders move th' obdurate to relent? 

They hard'nd more by what might most reclame. 

Grieving to see his Glorie, at the sight 

Took envie, and aspiring to his highth. 

Stood reimbattell'd fierce, by force or fraud 

Weening to prosper, and at length prevaile 

Against God and Messiak, or to fall 

In universal ruin last, and now 

To final Battel drew, disdaining flight. 

Or faint retreat; when the great Son of God 

To all his Host on either hand thus spake. 

Stand still in bright array ye Saints, here stand 
Ye Angels arm'd, this day from Battel rest; 
Faithful bath been your Warfare, and of God 
Accepted, fearless in bis righteous Cause, 
And as ye have receivd, so have ye don 
Invincibly i but of this cursed crew 
The punishment to other hand belongs. 
Vengeance is his, or whose he sole appoints ; 
Number to this dayes work is not ordain'd 
Nor multitude, stand onely and behold 
Gods indignation on these Godless poutd 

(3.4) 



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:.vi.] Taradise Lost. 

By mee ; not you but mee they have despis'd. 
Vet envied ; against mee is all thir rage, 
Because the Father, t'whom in Heavn supream 
Kingdom and Power and Glorie appertains, 
Hath honourd me according to his will. 
Therefore to mee thir doom he hath assig'n'd ; 
That they may have thir wish, to trie with mee 
In Battel which the stronger proves, they all. 
Or I alone against them, since by strength 
They measure all, of other excellence 
Not emulous, nor care who them excells; 
Not other strife with them do I voutsafe. 

So spake the Son, and into terrour chang'd 
His count'nance too severe to be beheld 
And full of wrauth bent on his Enemies. 
At once the Four spred out thir Starrie wings 
With dreadful shade contiguous, and the Orbes 
Of his fierce Chariot rowld, as with the sound 
Of torrent Floods, or of a numerous Host, 
Hee on his impious Foes right onward drove, 
Gloomie as Night; under his burning Wheeles 
The stedfast Empyrean shook throughout. 
All but the Throne it self of God. Full soon 
Among them he arriv'd; in his right hand 
Grasping ten thousand Thunders, which he sent 
Before him, such as in thir Soules iniix'd 
Plagues ; they astonisht all resistance lost. 
All courage ; down thir idle weapons drop'd ; 
O're Shields and Helmes, and helmed heads he rode i 
Of Thrones and mighty Seraphim proi.tiate. 
That wish'd the Mountains now might be again 
Thrown on them as a shelter from his ire. 
Nor less on eitliet side tempestuous fell 
His arrows, from the fourfold- visag'd Foure, 
Distinct with eyes, and from the living Wheels, 
Distinct alike with multitude of eyes, 
One Spirit in them rul'd, and every eye 
Glar'd lightning, and shot forth pernicious fire 
Among th' accurst, that witherd all thir strength, e 

And of thir wonted vigour left them draind, 
Exhausted, spiritless, afflicted, fall'n. 
Yet half his strength he put not forth, but check'd 
(3'5) 



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'Paradise Lost. [bk.vi. 

His Thunder in mid Volie, for he meant 

Not to destroy, but root them out of Heav'n : 

The overthrown he rais'd, and as a Heard 

Of Goats or timerous flock together throngd 

Drove them before him Thunder-struck, pursu'd 

With terrors and with furies to the bounds 

And Chrystall wall of Heav'n, which op'ning wide, 860 

Rowld inward, and a spacious Gap disclos'd 

Into the wastful Deep ; the monstrous sight 

Strook them with horror backward, but far worse 

Urg'd them behind; headlong themselvs they threw 

Down from the vet^e of Heav'n, Eternal wrauth 

Burnt after them to the bottomless pit. 

Hell heard th' unsufferable noise, Hell saw 
Heav'n ruining from Heav'n, and would have fled 
Affrighted ; but strict Fate had cast too deep 
Her dark foundations, and too fast had bound. sjo 

Nine dayes they fell ; confounded Chaos roard, 
And felt tenfold confusion in thir fall 
Through his wilde Anarchie, so huge a rout 
Incumberd him with ruin : Hell at last 
Yawning receavd them whole, and on them clos'd, 
Hell thir fit habitation fraught with fire 
Unquenchable, the house of woe and paine. 
Disburd'nd Heav'n rejoic'd, and soon repaird 
Her n u a! b ea 1 eturning whence it rowld. 
Sole V to f o n ih expulsion of his Foes 88a 

Messiah h t umj h I Chariot turnd : 
To meet h n all h Saints, who silent stood 
Eye w tnesses of h s Almightie Acts, 
With Jub 1 e ad an d ; and as they went, 
Shaded w th b n h ng Palme, each order bright. 
Sung T u ph a d him sung Victorious King, 
Son, Heu-e a d Lo d, to him Dominion giv'n, 
Worth e t to Re g he celebrated rode 
Triumphant th o ^1 mid Heav'n, into the Courts 
And Te nple of h s mightie Father Thron'd Sgo 

On high who nto Glorie him receav'd. 
Where o he t at the right hand of bliss. 

Thu e< u n^ th ngs in Heav'n by things on Earth 
At thy ^ue t and that thou maist beware 
By what s past to thee I have reveal'd 
(3.«) 



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:.vi.] Taradise Lost. 

What might have else to human Race bin hid : 
The discord which befel, and Warr in Heav'n 
Among th' Angelic Powers, and the deep fall 
Of those too high aspiring, who rebelld 
With Satan, hee who envies now thy state, 
Who now is plotting how he may seduce 
Thee also from obedience, that with him 
Eereavd of happiness thou maist partake 
His punishment, Eternal miserie; 
Which would be all his solace and revenge. 
As a despite don against the most High, 
Thee once to gaine Companion of his woe. 
But lisfn not to his Temptations, warne 
Thy weaker; let it profit thee to have heard 
By terrible Example the reward 
Of disobedience; firm they might have stood, 
Yet fell; remember, and fear to transgress. 



T^he End of the Sixth Book. 



(aT?) 



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PARADISE LOST. 

BOOK VII. 

THE ARGUMENT. 

Raphael at the request of Adam relates how and wherefore this 
world -was first created j that God, after the expelling o^ Satan and his 
Angels out of Heaven, declm'dhis pleasure to create another World 
and other Creatures to dwell therein j sends his Son with Glory and 
attendance of Angels to perform the work of Creation in six dayes : 
the Angels celebrate witk Hymns ike performance thereof, and his 
reascention into Heaven. 



> from Heav"!! Urania, by that name 
If rightly thou art call'd, whose Voice divine 
Following, above th' Olympian Hill I soare, 
Above the flight of Pegasean wing. 
The meaning, not the Name I call : for thou 
Nor of the Muses nine, nor on the top 
Of old Olympus dwell'st, but Heav'nlie borne, 
Before the Hills appeerd, or Fountain flow'd, 
Thou with Eternal wisdom didst converse, 
Wisdom thy Sister, and with her didst play 
In presence of th' Almightie Father, pleas'd 
With thy Celestial Song. Up led by thee 
Into the Heav'n of Heav'ns I have presum'd. 
An Earthlie Guest, and drawn Empyreal Aire, 
Thy tempring; with like safetie guided down 
Return me to my Native Element : 
Least from this flying Steed unrein'd, (as once 
Bellerophon, though from a lower Clime) 
Dismounted, on th' Aleian Field I fall 

(3.8) 



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Taradise Lost. 



Erroneous, there to wander and forlorne. 
Half yet remaines unsung, but narrower bound 
Within the visible Diurnal Spheare; 
Standing on Earth, not rapt above the Pole, 
More safe I Sing with mortal voice, unchang'd 
To hoarce or mute, though fall'n on evil dayes, 
On evil dpyes though fall'n, and evil tongues; 
In darkness, and with dangers compast round, 
And solitude; yet not alone, while thou 
Visit'st my slumbers Nightly, or when Morn 
Purples the East : still govern thou my Song, 
Urania, and fit audience find, though few. 
But drive fair off the barbarous dissonance 
Of Bacchus and his Revellers, the Race 
Of that wilde Rout that tore the Thracian Bard 
In Rhodope, where Woods and Rocks had Eares 
To rapture, till the savage clamor dround 
Both Harp and Voice; nor could the Muse defend 
Her Son. So fail not thou, who thee implores ; 
For thou art Heav'nlie, shee an empty dreame. 

Say Goddess, what ensu'd when Raphael, 
The aifable Arch-angel, had forewarn'd 
Adam by dire example to beware 
Apostasie, by what befell in Heaven 
To those Apostates, least the like befall 
In Paradise to Ada-m or his Race, 
Charg'd not to touch the interdicted Tree, 
If they transgress, and slight that sole command, 
So easily obeyd amid the choice 
Of all tasts else to please thir appetite. 
Though wandring. He with his consorted Eve 
The storie heard attentive, and was fiU'd 
With admiration, and deep Muse to heare 
Of things so high and strange, things to thir thought 
So unimaginable as hate in Heav'n, 
And Warr so neer the Peace of God in bliss 
With such confusion ; but the evil soon 
Driv'n back redounded as a flood on those 
From whom it sprung, impossible to mix 
With Blessedness. Whence Adam soon repeai'd 
The doubts that in his heart arose: and now 
Led on, yet sinless, with desire to know 
(3"!.) 



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"Paradise Lost. [bk 

What neerer might concern him, how this World 
Of Heav'n and Earth conspicuous first began, 
When, and whereof created, for what cause, 
What within Eden or without was done 
Before his memorie, as one whose drouth 
Yet scarce aOay'd still eyes the current streame, 
Whose liquid murmur heard new thirst excites. 
Proceeded thus to ask his HeaVnly Guest. 

Great things, and full of wonder in our eares, 
Farr differing from this World, thou hast reveal'd 
Divine Interpreter, by favour sent 
Down from the Empyrean to forewarne 
Us timely of what might else have bin our loss, 
Unknown, which human knowledg could not reach : 
For which to the infinitly Good we owe 
Immortal thanks, and his admonishment 
Receave with solemne purpose to observe 
Immutably his sovran will, the end 
Of what we are. But since thou hast voutsaft 
Gently for our instruction to impart 
Things above Earthly thought, which yet concernd 
Our knowing, as to highest wisdom see.md, 
Deign to descend now lower, and relate 
What may no less perhaps availe us known. 
How first began this Heav'n which we behold 
Distant so high, with moving Fires adornd 
Innumerable, and this which yeelds or fills 
All space, the ambient Aire wide interfus'd 
Imbracing round this florid Earth, what cause 
Mov'd the Creator in his holy Rest 
Through all Eternitie so late to build 
In Chaos, and the work begun, how soon 
Absolv'd, if unforbid thou maist unfould 
What wee, not to explore the secrets aske 
Of his Eternal Empire, but the more 
To magnifie his works, the more we know. 
And the great Light of Day yet wants to run 
Much of his Race though steep, suspens in Heav'n 
Held by thy voice, thy potent voice he heares. 
And longer will delay to heare thee tell 
His Generation, and the rising Birth 
Of Nature from the unapparent Deep : 
(3-) 



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. vn.] Taradtse Lost. 

Or if the Stan- of Eevning and the Moon 
Haste to thy audience. Night with her will bring 
Silence, and Sleep listning to thee will watch, 
Or we can bid his absence, till thy Song 
End, and dismiss thee ere the Morning shine. 

Thus Adam his illustrious Guest besought : 
And thus the Godlike Angel answerd milde. 
This also thy request with caution askt 
Obtaine: though to recount Almightie works 
What words or tongue of Seraph can suffice, 
Or heart of man suffice to comprehend ? 
Yet what thou canst attain, which best may serve 
To glorifie the Maker, and inferr 
Thee also happier, shall not be withheld 
Thy hearing, such Commission from above 
I have receav'd, to answer thy desire 
Of knowledge within bounds ; beyond abstain 
To ask, nor let thine own inventions hope 
Things not reveal'd which th' invisible King, 
Onely Omniscient hath supprest in Night, 
To none communicable in Earth or Heaven : 
Anough is left besides to search and know. 
But Knowledge is as food, and needs no less 
Her Temperance over Appetite, to know 
In measure what the mind may well contain. 
Oppresses else with Surfet, and soon turns 
Wisdom to Folly, as Nourishment to Winde. 

Know then, that after Lucifer from Heav'n 
(So call him, brighter once amidst the Host 
Of Angels, then that Starr the Starrs among) 
Fell with his flaming Legions through the Deep 
Into his place, and the great Son returnd 
Victorious with his Saints, th' Omnipotent 
Eternal Father from his Throne beheld 
Thir multitude, and to his Son thus spake. 

At least our envious Foe hath fail'd, who thought 
All hke himself rebellious, by whose aid 
This inaccessible high strength, the seat 
Of Deitie supream, us dispossest, 
He trusted to have seis'd, and into fraud 
Drew many, whom thir place knows here no more; 
Yet farr the greater part have kept, I see. 



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"Paradise Lost. [bk. vn. 

Thir station, Heav'n yet populous retaines 

Number sufficient to possess her Realmes 

Though wide, and this high Temple to frequent 

With Ministeries due and solemn Rites : 

But least his heart exalt him in the hanne igo 

Already done, to have dispeopl'd Heav'n, 

My damage fondly deeia'd, I can repaire 

That detriment, if such it be to lose 

Self-lost, and in a moment will create 

Another World, out of one man a Race 

Of men innumerable, there to dwell. 

Not here, till by degrees of merit rais'd 

They open to themselves at length the way 

Up hither, under long obedience tri'd. 

And Earth be chang'd to Heavn, & Heav'n to Earth, i6o 

One Kmgdom Joy and Union without end 

Mean while inhibit laxe, >e Powers of Heavn 

And thou my ^'otA begotten Son, bj thee 

This I perform speak thou, and be it don 

My overshadowing Spirit and might with thee 

I send ilong r de forth and bid the Deep 

Within appointed bounds be Heavn and Earth, 

Boundless the Deep because I am who fill 

Infinitude nor vacuous the space 

Though I uncircumscrib d m) self retire rjo 

And put not foith m) goodness, which is free 

To act or not, Necessitie and Chance 

Approach not mee and what I will js Jite 

So spake th Almightie and to what he spake 
His Word, the Filial Godhead gave effect 
Immediate aic the Acts ol God more swift 
Then time or motion, but to human eais 
Cannot withoui- process of speech be told, 
So told as earthl) notion can receaie 
Great triumph and rejoycing was in Heavn iSd 

When such was heard declard the Almighties w II 
Glorie they sung to the most High, good will 
To future men and in thir dwellings peace 
Clone to him whose just avenging ire 
Had driven out th ungodlj from his sight 
And th habitations of the just lo hira 
Clone and praise whose wisdon had o di id 



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Taradise Lost. 



Good out of evil to create, in stead 

Of Spirits maligna a better Race to bring 

Into thir vacant room, and thence diffuse 

His good to Worlds and Ages infinite. 

So sang the Hierarchies ; Mean while the Son 

On his great Expedition now appeer'd, 

Girt with Omnipotence, with Radiance crown'd 

Of Majestic Divine, Sapience and Love 

Immense, and all his Father in him shon. 

About his Chariot numberless were pour'd 

Cherub and Seraph, Potentates and Thrones, 

And Vertues, winged Spirits, and Chariots wing'd, 

From the Armoury of God, where stand of old 

Myriads between two brazen Mountains lodg'd 

Against a solemn day, harnest at hand, 

Celestial Equipage ; and now came forth 

Spontaneous, for within them Spirit livd, 

Attendant on thir Lord ; Heav'n op'nd wide 

Her ever during Gates, Harmonious sound 

On golden Hinges "tnoviflg/ to let forth 

The King of Glorie in his powerful Word 

And Spirit coming to create new Worlds, 

On heav'niy ground they stood, and from the shore 

They view'd the vast immeasurable Abyss 

Outrageous as a Sea, dark, wasteful, wilde, 

Up from the bottom turn'd by furious windes 

And suiting waves, as Mountains to assault 

Heav'ns highth, and with the Center mix the Pole. 

Silence, ye troubl'd waves, and thou Deep, peace, 
Said then th' Omnific Word, your discord end: 

Nor staid, but on the Wings of Cherubim 
Uplifted, in Paternal Glorie rode 
Farr into Chaos, and the World unborn ; 
For Chaos heard his voice : him all his Traine 
Follow'd in bright procession to behold 
Creation, and the wonders of his might. 
Then staid the fervid Wheeles, and in his hand 
He took the golden Compasses, prepar'd 
In Gods Eternal store, to circumscribe 
This Universe, and all created things : 
One foot he center'd, and the other turn'd 
Round through the vast profunditie obscure, 
(!>3) V 2 



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Taradise Lost. [bk.a; 

And said, thus farr extend, thus farr thy Doonds, ; 

This be thy just Circumference, O World, 
Thus God the Heav'n created, thus the Earth, 
Matter unform'd and void : Darkness profound 
Cover'd th' Abyss ; but on the watrie calme 
His brooding wings the Spirit of God outspred, 
And vital vertue infus'd, and vital warmth 
Throughout the fluid Mass, but downward purg'd 
The black tartareous cold infernal dregs 
Adverse to life; then founded, then conglob'd 
Like things to like, the rest to several place ; 

Disparted, and between spun out the Air, 
And Earth self-ballanc't on her Center hung. 

Let ther be Light, said God, and forthwith Light 
Ethereal, first of things, quintessence pure 
Sprung from the Deep, and from her Native East 
To journie through the airie gloom began, 
Sphear'd in a radiant Cloud, for yet the Sun 
Was not ; shee in a cloudie Tabernacle 
Sojourn'd the while. God saw the Light was good ; 
And light from darkness by the Hemisphere 
Divided : Light the Day, and Darkness Night 
He nam'd. Thus was the first Day Eev'n and Mom : 
Nor past uncelebrated, nor unsung 
By the Celestial Quires, when Orient Light 
Exhaling first from Darkness they beheld : 
Birth-day of Heav'n and Earth ; with joy and shout 
The hollow Universal Orb they fill'd, 
)^And touch't thir Golden Harps, & hymning prais'd 
i God and his works, Creatour him they sung, 
X Both when first Eevning was, and when first Mom, 
' Again, God said, let ther be Firmament 
Amid the Waters, and let it divide 
The Waters from the Waters : and God made 
The Firmament, expanse of liquid, pure. 
Transparent, Elemental Air, diffus'd 
In circuit to the uttermost convex 
Of this great Round : partition firm and sure, 
The Waters underneath from those above 
Dividing : for as Earth, so bee the World 
Built on circumfluous Waters calme, in wide 
Crystallin Ocean, and the loud misrule 

(3.4) 



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vii.] "Paradise Lost. 

Of Chaos farr remov'd, least 6erce extreames 
Contiguous might distemper the whole frame ; 
And Heav'n he nam'd the Firmament ; So Eev'n 
And Morning Chorus sung the second Day. 

The Earth was form'd, but in the Womb as yet 
Of Waters, Embryon immature involv'd, 
Appeer'd not : over all the face of Earth 
Main Ocean flow'd, not idle, but with warme 
Prolific humour soft'mng all her Globe, 
Fermented the great Mother to conceave. 
Satiate with genial moisture, when God said 
Be gather'd now ye Waters under Heav'n 
Into one place, and let dry Land appeer. 
Immediately the Mountains huge appeer 
Emergent, and thir broad bare backs upheave 
Into the Clouds, thir tops ascend the Skie ; 
So high as heav'd the tumid Hills, so low 
Down sunk a hollow, bottom broad and deep, 
Capacioixs bed of Wafers : thither they 
Hasted with glad precipitance, uprowld 
As drops on dust conglohing from the drie ; 
Part rise in crystal Wall, or ridge direct, 
For haste; such flight the great command impress'd 
On the swift flouds : as Armies at the call 
Of Trumpet (for of Armies thou hast heard) 
Troop to thir Standard, so the watrie throng. 
Wave rowling after Wave, where way they found. 
If steep, with torrent rapture, if through Plaine, 
Soft-ebbing; nor withstood them Rock or Hill, 
But they, or under ground, or chcuit wide 
With Serpent errour wandring, found thir way. 
And on the washie Oose deep Channels wore; 
Easie, e're God had bid the ground be drie, 
All but within those banks, where Rivers now 
Stream, and perpetual draw thir humid traine. 
The dry Land, Earth, and the great receptacle 
Of congregated Waters he call'd Seas : 
And saw that it was good, and said, Let th' Earth 
Put forth the verdant Grass, Herb yeilding Seed, 
And Fruit Tree yeilding Fruit after her kind; 
Whose Seed is in her self upon the Earth. 
He scarce had said, when the bare Earth, till then 



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Taradise Lost. [bk.vh. 

Desert and bare, unsightly, unadorn'd, 

Brought forth the tender Grass, whose verdure clad 

Her Universal Face with pleasant green. 

Then Herbs of every leaf, that sudden flour'd 

Op'ning thir various colours, and made gay 

Her bosom smelling sweet i and these scarce blown. 

Forth flourish't thid the clustring Vine, forth crept 310 

The smelling Gourd, up stood the cornie Reed 

Embattell'd in her field : add the humble Shrub, 

And Bush with frizl'd hair implicit : last 

Rose as in Dance the stately Trees, and spred 

Thir branches hung with copious Fruit : or gemm'd 

Thir Blossoms : with high Woods the Hills were crownd, 

With tufts the vallies & each fountain side, 

With borders long the Rivers. That Earth now 

Seemd like to Heav'n, a seat where Gods might dwell, 

Or wander with delight, and love to haunt 330 

Her sacred shades : though God had yet not rain'd 

Upon the Earth, and man to till the ground 

None was, but from the Earth a dewie Mist 

Went up and waterd all the ground, and each 

Plant of the tield, which e're it was in the Earth 

God made, and every Herb, before it grew 

On the green stemm ; God saw that it was good : 

So Eev'n and Morn recorded the Third Day. 

Again th' Almightie spake : Let there be Lights 
High in th' expanse of Heaven to divide 340 

The Day from Night; and let them be for Signes, 
For Seasons, and for Dayes, and circling Years, 
And let them be for Lights as I ordatne 
Thir Office in the Firmament of Heav'n 
To give Light on the Earth ; and it was so. 
And God made two great Lights, great for thir use 
To Man, the greater to have rule by Day, 
The less by Night alterne : and made the Starrs, 
And set them in the Firmament of Heav'n 
To illuminate the Earth, and rule the Day 350 

In thir vicissitude, and rule the Night, 
And Light from Darkness to divide. God saw, 
Surveying his great Work, that it was good : 
For of Celestial Bodies first the Sun 
A mightie Spheare he fram'd, unlightsom first, 



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l^aradise Lost. 



Though of Ethereal Mould : then form'd the Moon 

Globose, and everie magnitude of Starrs, 

And sowd with Starrs the Heav'n thick as a field: 

Of Light by farr the greater part he took. 

Transplanted from her cloudie Shrine, and plac'd 

In the Suns Orb, made porous to receive 

And drink the liquid Light, firm to retaine 

Her gathet'd beams, great Palace now of Light. 

Hither as to thir Fountain other Starrs 

Repairing, in thJr gold'n Urns draw Light, 

And hence the Morning Planet guilds his horns ; 

By tincture or reflection they augment 

Thir small peculiar, though from human sight 

So farr remote, with diminution seen. 

First in his East the glorious Lamp was seen, 

Regent of Day, and all th' Horizon round 

Invested with bright Rayes, jocond to run 

His Longitude through Heav'ns high rode : the gray 

Dawn, and the Pleiades before him danc'd 

Shedding sweet influence ; less bright the Moon, 

But opposite in leveld West was set 

His mirror with full face borrowing her Light 

From him, for other light she needed none 

In that aspect, and still that distance keepes 

Till night, then in the East her turn she shines, 

Revolvd on Heav'ns great Axle, and her Reign 

With thousand lesser Lights dividual holds, 

With thousand thousand Starres, that then appeer'd 

Spangling the Hemisphere : then first adornd 

With thir bright Luminaries that Set and Rose, 

Glad Eevning & glad Morn crownd the fourth day. 

And God said, let the Waters generate 
Reptil with Spawn abundant, living Soule : 
And let Fowle flie above the Earth, with wings 
Displayd on the op'n Firmament of Heav'n. 
And God created the great Whales, and each 
Soul living, each that crept, which plenteously 
The waters generated by thir kindes. 
And every Bird of wing after his kinde ; 
And saw that it was good, and bless'd them, saying. 
Be fruitful, multiply, and in the Seas 
366 his] her i6-!4 
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'Paradise Lost. [bk, vn. 

And Lakes and ruiininfe Streams the witeis fill 

And let the Fowie be multiply d on the Eirth 

Forthwith the Sounds and "^eis each Creek &. B-ij 

With Frie innumerable swarme and Shoales 400 

Of Fish that with thir F nns &. sh ning Scales 

Glide under the green V.a.\& in S ulles th t oft 

Bank the mid Sea : part simple or with mate 

Graze the Sea weed thir pasture &. through Croves 

Of Coral stray, or sport ng with quick glance 

Show to the Sun thir way d coats dropt w th Gold 

Or in thir PearHe shells at ease attend 

Moist nutriment, or under Rocks thir food 

In jointed Armour watch on smooth tl e Seale 

And bended Dolphins play part huge of bulk 410 

Wallowing unweildie, enormous in thir Gate 

Tempest the Ocean : there Leviathan 

Hugest of living CreatureSj on the Deep 

Stretcht like a Promontorie sleeps or swimmes. 

And seems a moving Land, and at his Gilles 

Draws in, and at his Trunck spouts out a Sea. 

Mean while the tepid Caves, and Fens and shoares 

Thir Brood as numerous hatch, from the Egg that soon 

Bursting with kindly rupture forth disclos'd 

Thir callow young, but featherd soon and fledge 420 

They summ'd thir Penns, and soaring th' air sublime 

With clang despis'd the ground, under a cloud 

In prospect; there the Eagle and the Stork 

On Cliffs and Cedar tops thir Eyries build : 

Part loosly wing the Region, part more wise 

In common, rang'd in figure wedge thir way, 

Intelligent of seasons, and set forth 

Thir Aierie Caravan high over Sea's 

Flying, and over Lands with mutual wing 

Easing thir flight; so stears the prudent Crane 430 

Her annual Voiage, born on Windes ; the Aire 

Floats, as they pass, fann'd with unnumber'd plumes: 

From Branch to Branch the smaller Birds with song 

Solac'd the Woods, and spred thir painted wings 

Till Ev'n, nor then the solemn Nightingal 

Ceas'd warbling, but all night tun'd her soft layes: 

Others on Silver Lakes and Rivers Bath'd 

Thir downie Brest; the Swan with Arched neck 

(3.8) 



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. vil] Taradise Lost. 

Between her white wings mantling proudly, Rowes 

Her state with Oarie feet : yet oft they quit 

The Dank, and rising on stiff Pennons, towre 

The mid Aereal Skie : Others on ground 

Walk'd firm ; the crested Cock whose clarion sounds 

The silent hours, and th' other whose gay Traine 

Adorns him, colour'd with the Florid hue 

Of Rainbows and Starrie Eyes. The Waters thus 

With Fish replenish!, and the Aire with Fowle, 

Ev'ning and Morn solemniz'd the Fift day. 

The Sixt, and of Creation last arose 
With Eevning Harps and Mattin, when God said, 
Let th' Earth bring forth Fowle living in her kinde, 
Cattel and Creeping things, and Beast of the Earth, 
Each in thir kinde. The Earth obey'd, and strait 
Op'ning her fertil Woomb teem'd at a Birth 
Innumerous living Creatures, perfet formes, 
Limb'd and full grown : out of the ground up rose 
As from his Laire the wilde Beast where he wonns 
In Forrest wilde, in Thicket, Brake, or Den; 
Among the Trees in Pairs they rose, they walk'd : 
The Cattel in the Fields and Meddowes green : 
Those rare and solitarie, these in flocks 
Pasturing at once, and in broad Herds upsprung. 
The grassie Clods now Calv'd, now half appeer'd 
The Tawnie Lion, pawing to get free 
His hinder parts, then springs as broke from Bonds, 
And Rampant shakes his Brinded main; the Ounce, 
The Libbard, and the Tyger, as the Moale 
Rising, the crumbl'd Earth above them threw 
In Hillocks; the swift Stag from under ground 
Bore up his branching head : scarse from his mould 
Behemoth biggest born of Earth upheav'd 
His vastness : Fleec't the Flocks and bleating rose. 
As Plants : ambiguous between Sea and Land 
The River Horse and scalie Crocodile. 
At once came forth whatever creeps the ground. 
Insect or Worme; those wav'd thir limber fans 
For wings, and smallest Lineaments exact 
In all the Liveries dect of Summers pride 
With spots of Gold and Purple, azure and green: 
These as a line thir long dimension drew, 
(3'9) 



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Taradise Lost. [bk. vn. 

Streaking the ground with sinuous trace ; not all 

Minims of Nature ; some of Serpent kinde 

Wondrous in length and corpulence Involv'd 

Thir Snakie foulds, and added wings. First crept 

The Parsimonious Emmet, provident 

Of future, in small room large heart enclos'd, 

Pattern of just equalitie perhaps 

Hereafter, join'd in her popular Tribes 

Of Commonaltie : swarming next appeer'd 

The Femal Bee that feeds her Husband Drone 49! 

Deliciously, and builds her waxen Cells 

With Honey stor'd : the rest are numberless, 

And thou thir Natures know'st, and gav'st them Names, 

Needless to thee repeated; nor unknown 

The Serpent suttl'st Beast of all the field, 

Of huge extent somtimes, with brazen Eyes 

And hairie Main terrific, though to thee 

Not noxious, but obedient at thy call. 

Now Heav'n in all her Glorie shon, and rowld 

Her motions, as the great first-Movers hand 5cx 

First wheeld thir course; Earth in her rich attire 

Consummate lovly smil'd; Aire, Water, Earth, 

By Fowl, Fish, Beast, was flown, was swum, was walkt 

Frequent ; and of the Sixt day yet remain'd ; 

There wanted yet the Master work, the end 

Of all yet don; a Creature who not prone 

And Brute as other Creatures, but endu'd 

With Sanctitie of Reason, might erect 

His Stature, and upright with Front serene 

Govern the rest, self-knowing, and from thence 511 

Magnanimous to correspond with Heav'n, 

But grateful to acknowledge whence his good 

Descends, thither with heart and voice and eyes 

Directed in Devotion, to adore 

And worship God Supream, who made him chief 

Of all his works : therefore the Omnipotent 

Eternal Father iFor where is not hee 

Present) thus to his Son audibly spake. 

Let us make now Man in our image, Man 
In our similitude, and let them rule 521 

Over the Fish and Fowle of Sea and Aire, 
Beast of the Field, and over all the Earth, 
(3i«) 



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VII.] Taradise Lost. 

And every creeping thing that creeps the ground. 

This said, he formd thee, Adam, thee O Man 

Dust of the ground, and in thy nostrils breath'd 

The breath of Life; in his own Image hee 

Created thee, in the Image of God 

Express, and thou becam'st a living Soul. 

Male he created thee, but thy consort 

Femal for Race ; then bless'd Mankinde, and said, ; 

Be fruitful, multiplie, and fill the Earth, 

Subdue it, and throughout Dominion hold 

Over Fish of the Sea, and Fowle of the Aire, 

And every living thing that moves on the Earth. 

Wherever thus created, for no place 

Is yet distinct by name, thence, as thou know'st 

He brought thee into this delicious Grove, 

This Garden, planted with the Trees of God, 

Delectable both to behold and taste ; 

And freely all thir pleasant fruit for food i 

Gave thee, all sorts are here that all th' Earth yeelds, 

Varietie without end ; but of the Tree 

Which tasted works knowledge of Good and Evil, 

Thou mai'st not ; in the day thou eat'st, thou di'st ; 

Death is the penaltie impos'd, beware, 

And govern well thy appetite, least sin 

Surprise thee, and her black attendant Death. 

Here finish'd hee, and all that he bad made 

View d, and behold all was entirely good ; 

So Ev n and Mom acconiplish't the Sixt day : > 

Yet not till the Creator from his work 

Desisting though unwearied, up returnd 

Up to the Heav'n of Heav'ns his high abode. 

Thence to behold this new created World 

Th' addition of his Empire, bow it shew'd 

In prospect from his Throne, how good, how faire, 

Answenng his great Idea. Up he rode 

Folloftd with acclamation and the sound 

Symphonious of ten thousand Harpes that tun'd 

Angelic harmonies the Earth, the Aire ; 

Resounded (thou remember'st for thou heardst) 

The Heavns and all the Constellations rung. 

The Planets in thir stations list'ning stood, 

563 stations] station 1157^ 



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Taradise Lost. [bk, vj 

While the bright Pomp ascended jubilant. 
Open, ye everlasting Gates, they sirng, 
Open, ye Heav'ns, your living dores ; let in 
The great Creator from his work returnd 
Magnificent, his Six days work, a World; 
Open, and henceforth oft ; for God will deigne 
To visit oft the dwellings of just Men j 

Delighted, and with frequent intercourse 
Thither will send his winged Messengers 
On errands of supernal Grace. So sung 
The glorious Train ascending; He through Heav'n, 
That open'd wide her blazing Portals, led 
To Gods Eternal house direct the way, 
A broad and ample rode, whose dust is Gold 
And pavement Starrs, as Starrs to thee appeer. 
Seen in the Galaxie, that Milkie way 
Which nightly as a circling Zone thou seest 5; 

Pouderd with Starrs. And now on Earth the Seaventh 
Eev'ning arose in £den, for the Sun 
Was set, and twilight from the East came on. 
Forerunning Night; when at the holy mount 
Of Heav'ns high-seated top, th' Impereal Throne 
Of Godhead, fixt for ever firm and sure. 
The Filial Power atriv'd, and sate him down 
With his great Father, for he also went 
Invisible, yet staid (such priviledge 

Hath Omnipresence) and the work ordain'd, ji 

Author and end of all things, and from work 
Now resting, bless'd and hallowd the Seav'nth day. 
As resting on that day from all his work, 
But not in silence holy kept ; the Harp 
Had work and rested not, the solemn Pipe, ^ 
And Dulcimer, all Organs of sweet stop, i 

All sounds on Fret by String or Golden Wire T,^ 
Temper'd soft Tunings, intermixt with Voice "/ 
Choral or Unison; of incense Clouds 
Fuming from Golden Censers hid the Mount. 6! 

Creation and the Six dayes acts they sung. 
Great are thy works, Jehovah, infinite 
Thy power; what thought can measure thee or tongue 
Relate thee; greater now in thy return 
Then from the Giant Angels; thee that day 
(33>) 



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• vii.] Taradise Lost. 

Thy Thunders magnifldj but to create 
Is greater then created to destroj 
Who can impair thee, m%htj King, or bound 
Thy Empire? easil) the proud attempt 
Of Spirits apostat and thir Counsels va ne 
Thou hast repeld while impiously thej thought 
Thee to dimmish, and from thee withdraw 
The number of thy worshippers W ho seekes 
To lessen thee, against his purpose senes 
To manifest the more thy might his evil 
Thou usest, and from thence creat'st more good. 
Witness this new-made World, another Heav'n 
From Heaven Gate not faxr, founded in view 
On the cleer Hyaline, the Glassie Sea; 
Of amplitude almost immense, with Starr's 
Numerous, and every Starr perhaps a World 
Of destind habitation ; but thou knpw'st 
Thir seasons : among these the seat of men, 
Earth with her nether Ocean circumfus'd, 
Thir pleasant dwelling place. Thrice happie men, 
And sons of men, whom God hath thus advanc't. 
Created in his Image, there to dwell 
And worship him, and in reward to rule 
Over his Works, on Earth, in Sea, or Air, 
And multiply a Race of Worshippers 
Holy and just : thrice happie if they know 
Thir happiness, and persevere upright, / 

So sung they, and the Empyrean rung, V 
With Halleluiahs-, Thus was Sabbath kept. 3 
And thy request think now fulfill'd, that ask'd 
How tirst this World and face of things began. 
And what before thy memorie was don 
From the beginning, that posteritie 
Informd by thee might know; if else thou seek'sl 
Aught, not surpassing human measure, say. 



7he End of the Seventh Book. 



(333) 



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PARADISE LOST. 

BOOK VIII. 

THE ARGUMENT. 

Adam inquires concerning celestial Motions, is doubtfully answer'd, 
and exhorted to search rather thin^ more worthy of knowtedg : Adam 
assents, and still desirous to detain Raphael, relates to him -what he 
remember'd since Ms own Creation, his placing- in Paradise, his talk 
■with God concerning solitude and ft society, Ms fh-st meeting and 
Nuptials with Eve, his discourse with the Angel thereupons who 
after admamtions repeated departs. 

[The Angel ended, and in Adams Eare 
So Charming left his voice, that he a while 
Thought him still speaking, still stood fixt to hear; 
Then as new wak't thus gratefully repli'd.J 
What thanks sufficient, or what recompence 
Equal have I to render thee. Divine 
Hystorian, who thus largely hast allayd 
The thirst I had of knowledge, and voutsaft 
This friendly condescention to relate 
Things else by me unsearchable, now heard lo 

With wonder, but delightj and, as is due. 
With glorie attributed to the high 
Creator ; some thing yet of doubt remaines. 
Which onely thy solution can resolve. 
When I behold this goodly Frame, this World 
Of H-eav'n and Earth consisting, and compute, 
Thir magnitudes, this Earth a spot, a graine, 

1-4 These lines were added in the second edition, (1674), when Boolt 
VII was divided into two at line 640. Line 641 had read ; ' To whom 
thus Adam gratefully repli'd.' 
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^.vni.] Varadise Lost. 

An Atom, with the Firmament compar'd 

And all her namberd Starrs, that seem to rowle 

Spaces incomprehensible (for such 

Tbir distance argues and thir swift return 

Diurnal) meerly to officiate light 

Round this opacous Earth, this punctual spot, 

One day and night; in all thir vast survey 

Useless besides, reasoning I oft admire. 

How Nature wise and frugal could commit 

Such disproportions, with superfluous hand 

So many nobler Bodies to create, 

Greater so manifold to this one use, 

For augbt appeers, and on thir Orbs impose 

Such restless revolution day by day 

Repeated, while the sedentarie Earth, 

That better might with farr less compass move, 

Serv'd by more noble then her self, attaines 

Her end without least motion, and receaves. 

As Tribute such a sumless journey brought 

Of incorporeal speed, her warmth and light; 

Speed, to describe whose swiftness Number failes. 

So spake our Sire, and by his count'nance seemd, 
Entring on studious thoughts abstruse, which Eve ( 
Perceaving where she sat reiir'd in sight, t 

With lowliness Majestic from her seat, y 

And Grace that won who saw to wish her stay 
Rose and went forth amont; her Fruits and Flours, 
To visit how they jrosperd bud and bloom 
Her Nurser e they at her coming sprung 
And toucht bj her f-i r tendanre gladl er giew 
Yet went she lot as not witl such d scouiae 
Delighted, or not capable her eare 
Of what was hgh such ple^iure she rcseri d, 
Adam relating she sole Auditress 
Her Husband the Rehter she preferrd 
Before the Angel and of h m to a'^k 'iT 

Chose rather hee she knew would intermixN 
Grateful d gressions and sohe high d spute ■* 
With conjugal Caresses from his Lip 
Not \\ords alone pleas d her. O when meet now 
Such pairs, in Love and mutual Honour joyn'd? 
With Goddess-like demeanour forth she went; 
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"Paradise host. [bk.v 

Not unattended, for on her as Queen 
A pomp of winning Graces waited still. 
And from about her shot Darts of desire 
Into al! Eyes to wish her still in sight. 
And Raphael now to Adam's doubt propos'd 
Benevolent and facil thus repli'd. 

To ask or search I blame thee not, for Heav'n 
Is as the Book of God before thee set, 
Wherein to read his wondrous Works, and learne 
His Seasons, Hours, or Days, or Months, or Yeates ; 
This to attain, whether Heav'n move or Earth, 
Imports not. If thou reck'n right, the rest 
From Man or Angel the great Architect 
Did wisely to conceal, and not divulge 
His secrets to be scann'd by them who ought 
Rather admire ; or if they list to try 
Conjecture, he his Fabric of the Heav'ns 
Hath left to thir disputes, perhaps to move 
His laughter at thir quaint Opinions wide 
Hereafter, when they come to model Heav'n 
And calculate the Starrs, how they will weild 
The migbtie frame, how build, unbuild, contrive 
To save appeerances, how gird the Sphear 
With Centric and Eccentric scribl'd o're, 
Cycle and Epicycle, Orb in Orb : 
Alreadie by thy reasoning this I guess. 
Who art to lead thy ofspring, and supposes! 
That Bodies bright and greater should not serve 
The less not bright, nor Heav'n such journies rUUj 
Earth sitting still, when she alone receaves 
The benefit : consider first, that Great 
Or Bright inferrs not Excellence r the Earth 
Though, in comparison of Heav'n so small, 
Nor glistering, may of solid good containe 
More plenty then the Sun that barren shines. 
Whose vertue on it self workes no effect. 
But in the fruitful Earth ; there first receavd 
His beams, unactive else, thir vigor find. 
Vet not to Earth are those bright Luminaries 
Officious, but to thee Earths habitant. 
And for the Heav'ns wide Circuit, let it speak 
The Makers high magnificence, who built 
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"Vii!.] Taradise Lost. 

So spacious, and his Line stretcht out so farr; 
That Man may know he dwells not in his own; 
An Edifice too large for him to fill, 
Lodg'd in a small partition, and the rest 
Ordain'd for uses to his JjDrd best known. 
The swiftness of those Circles attribute. 
Though numberless, to his Omnipotence, 
That to corporeal substances could adde 
Speed almost Spiritual; mee thou thinkst not slow. 
Who since the Morning hour set out from Heav'n 
Where God resides, and ere mid-day arriv'd 
In Edeti, distance inexpressible 
By Numbers that have name. But this I ut^e, 
Admitting Motion in the Heav'ns, to shew 
Invalid that which thee to doubt it mov'd ; 
Not that I so affirm, though so it seem 
'I"o thee who hast thy dwelling here on Earth. 
God to remove his wayes from human sense, 
Plac'd Heav'n from Earth so farr, that earthly sight. 
If it presume, might erre in things loo high. 
And no advantage gaine. What if the Sun 
Be Center to the World, and other Starrs 
By his attractive vertue and thir own 
Incited, dance about him various rounds? 
Thir wandring course now high, now low, then hid. 
Progressive, retrograde, or standing still, 
In six thou seest, and what if sev'nth to these 
The Planet Earth, so stedfast though she seem. 
Insensibly three different Motions move? 
Which else to several Sphears thou must ascribe, 
Mov'd contrarie with thwart obliquities, 
Or save the Sun his labour, and that swift 
Nocturnal and Diurnal rhomb suppos'd. 
Invisible else above all Starrs, the Wheele 
Of Day and Night; which needs not thy beleefe, 
If Earth industrious of her self fetch Day 
Travelhng East, and with her part averse 
From the Suns beam meet Night, her other part 
Still luminous by his ray. What if that light 
Sent from her through the wide transpicuous aire, 
To the terrestrial Moon be as a Starr 
Enlightning her by Day, as she by Night 
(337) z 



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'Paradise Lost. Cbk. ^ 

This Earth? reciprocal, if Land be there, 

Feilds and Inhibitants Her spots thou seest 

As Clouds, and Clouds wv, rain, ind Rain produce 

Fruits m her softnd Soile for lome to eate 

Allotted there, and other Suns peihaps 

With thiT attendant Moons thou wilt descrie 

Communicating Male and Femile Light, 

"WTiich two great '^exes animate the World, 

Stor'd in each Orb perhips with some that live. 

Foi such \ast room m Nature unpossest 

By living Soule, desert ind desolate, 

Onely to '.hme, jet 'iLarce to contribute 

Each Orb a glimps of Light convejd so farr 

Down to this habitable, which leturnes 

Light back to them, is ob\ious to dispute. 

But whether thus these things, or whether not, 

Whether the Sun predominant in Heav'n 

Rise on the Eirth, or Earth nie on the Sun, 

Hee from the East his flaming rode begin, 

Or Shee from West her silent course advance 

With moffensive pace that spinning sleeps 

On her soft A\le, while she paces Eev'n, 

And bears thee soft with the smooth Air along, 

SoUiat not thy thoughts with matter^i hid, 

Leave them to God above, him ser\e and feare; 

Of other Creatures, as him pleases best, 

Wherever plac't, let him dispose i joy thou 

In what he gives to thee, this Paradise 

And thy fair Eve: Heav'n is for thee too high 

To know what passes there ; be lowlie wise : 

Think onely what concernes thee and thy being ; 

Dream not of other Worlds, what Creatures there 

Live, in what state, condition or degree, 

Contented that thus farr hath been reveal'd 

Not of Earth onely but of highest Heav'n. 

To whom thus Adam cleerd of doubt, repli'd. 
How fully hast thou satisfi'd mee, pure 
Intelligence of Heav'n, Angel serene. 
And freed from intricacies, taught to live, 
The easiest way, nor with perplexing thoughts 
To interrupt the sweet of Life, from which 
God hath bid dwell farr off all anxious cares. 



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.viu.] Taradise Lost. 

And not molest us, unless we our selves 
Seek them with wandring thoughts, and nc 
But apte the Mind or Fancie is to roave 
Uncheckt, and of her roaving is no end; 



Till m"d 


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Though pleasan bu hy wo ds w h Grace Divine 
Imbu'd, bring o h swee ness no satietie. 

To whom hus Rapfi I answe d heav'niy meek. 
Nor are thy lips ungraceful Sire of men 
N gti 1 q f G d h 

bd lyh fhahai p d 
I w d d aid b h h f 

Sp k g 11 1 d gr 

Ad d h d, h m formes 

N 1 h k H f h Earth 

Then of our fellow servant, and inqmre 
Gladly into the wayes of God with Man: 
For God we see hath honour'd thee, and set 
(339) Z^ 



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Taradise Lost. [bk.v 

On Man his equal Love : say therefore on ; 

For I that Day was absent, as befell, 

Bound on a voyage uncouth and obscure, 

Farr on excursion toward the Gates of Hell ; 

Squar'd in full Legion (such command we had) 

To see that none thence issu'd forth a spie, 

Or enemie, while God was in his work, 

Least hee incenst at such eruption bold, 

Destruction with Creation might have mixt. 

Not that they durst without his leave attempt. 

But us he sends upon his high behests 

For state, as Sovran King, and to enure 

Our prompt obedience. Fast we found, fast shut 

The dismal Gates, and barricado'd strong; 

But long ere our approaching heard within 

Noise, other then the sound of Dance or Song, 

Torment, and lowd lament, and furious rage. 

Glad we return'd up to the coasts of Light 

Ere Sabbath Eev'ning : so we had in charge. 

But thy relation now; for I attend, 

Pleas'd with thy words no less then thou with mine. 

So spake the Godlike Power, and thus our Sire. 
For Man to tell how human Life began 
Is hard : for who himself beginning knew ? 
Desire with thee still ionger to converse 
Induc'd me. As new wak't from soundest sleep 
Soft on the ilourie herb I found me laid 
In Balmie Sweat, which with his Eeames the Sun 
Soon dri'd, and on the reaking moisture fed. 
Strait toward Heav'n my wondring Eyes I turnd, 
And gaz'd a while the ample Skie, till rais'd 
By quick instinctive motion up I sprung, 
As thitherward endevoring, and upright 
Stood on my feet ; about me round I saw 
Hill, Dale, and shadie Woods, and sunnie Plaines, 
And Uquid Lapse of murmuring Streams ; by these. 
Creatures that livd, and movd, and walk'd, or flew. 
Birds on the branches warbling; all things smil'd, 
With fragrance and with joy my heart oteflow'd. 
My self I then perus'd, and Limb by Limb 
Survey'd, and sometimes went, and sometimes ran 
With supple joints, as lively vigour led : 
(340) aegas^aad 1674 



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■ VIII.] Taradise Lost. 

But who I was, or where, or from what cause, 

Knew not; to speak I tri'd, and forthwith spake. 

My Tongue obey'd and readily could name 

What e're I saw. Thou Sun, said I, faire Light, 

And thou enlight'nd Earth, so fresh and gay. 

Ye Hills and Dales, ye Rivers, Woods, and Plaines 

And ye that hve and move, fair Creatures, tell. 

Tell, if ye saw, how came I thus, how here? 

Not of my self; by some great Maker then, 

In goodness and in power prseeminent; 

Tell me, how may I know him, how adore. 

From whom I have that thus I move and live, 

And feel that I am happier then I know. 

While thus I call'd, and stray'd I knew not whither, 

From where I first drew Aire, and first beheld 

This happie Light, when answer none retum'd, 

On a green shadie Bank profuse of Flours 

Pensive I sate me down; there gentle sleep 

First found me, and with soft oppression seis'd 

My droused sense, untroubl'd, though I thought 

I then was passing to my former state 

Insensible, and forthwith to dissolve : 

When suddenly stood at my Head a dream, 

Whose inward apparition gently mov'd 

My Fancy to believe I yet had being. 

And livd : One came, methought, of shape Divine, 

And said, thy Mansion wants thee, Adam, rise, 

First Man, of Men innumerable ordain'd 

First Father, call'd by thee I come thy Guide 

To the Garden of bliss, thy seat prepar'd. 

So saying, by the hand he took me rais'd, 

And over Fields and Waters, as in Aire 

Smooth sliding without step, last led me up 

A woodie Mountain ; whose high top was plaine, 

A Circuit wide, enclos'd, with goodliest Trees 

Planted, with Walks, and Bowers, that what I saw 

Of Earth before scarce pleasant seemd. Each Tree 

Load'n with fairest Fruit, that hung to the Eye 

Tempting, stirr'd in me sudden appetite 

To pluck and eate ; whereat I wak'd, and found 

Before mine Eyes all real, as the dream 

Had lively shadowd ; Here had new begun 

{34.) 



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'Paradise Lost. [bk. 

My wandring, had not hee who was my Guide 
Up hither, from among the Trees appeer'd, 
Presence Divine. Rejoycing, but with aw 
In adoration at his feet I fell 

Submiss : he rear'd me, & Whom thou soughtst I ar 
Said mildely, Author of all this thou seest 
Above, or round about thee or beneath. 
This Paradise I give thee, count it thine 
To Till and keep, and of the Fruit to eate ; 
Of every Tree that in the Garden growes 
Eate freely with glad heart ; fear here no dearth : 
But of the Tree whose operation brings 
Knowledg of good and ill, which 1 have set 
The Pledge of thy Obedience and thy Faith, 
Amid the Garden by the Tree of Life, 
Remember what I wame thee, shun to taste. 
And shun the bitter consequence : for know, 
The day thou eat'st thereof, my sole command 
Transgrest, inevitably thou shalt dye; 
From that day mortal, and this happie State 
Shalt loose, expell'd from hence into a World 
Of woe and sorrow. Sternly he pronounc'd 
The rigid interdiction, which resounds 
Yet dreadful in mine eare, though in my choice 
Not to incur; but soon his cleer aspect 
Return'd and gratious purpose thus renew'd- 
Not onely these fair bounds, but all the Earth 
To thee and to thy Race I give ; as Lords 
Possess it, and all things that therein live. 
Or live in Sea, or Aire, Beast, Fish, and Fowle 
In signe whereof each Bird and Beast behold 
After thir kindes ; I bring them to receave 
From thee thir Names, and pay thee fealtie 
With low subjection ; understand the same 
Of Fish within thir watry residence. 
Not hither summond, since they cannot change 
Thir Element to draw the thinner Aire. 
As thus he spake, each Bird and Beast behold 
Approaching two and two, These cowring low 
With blandishment, each Bird stoop'd on his wing. 
I nam'd them, as they pass'd, and understood 
Thir Nature, with such knowledg God endu'd 
(34>) 



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■ viii.] Taradise Lost. 

My sudden apprehension : bnt in these 

I found not what me thought I wanted stili ; 

And to the HeaVnly vision thus presum'd. 

O by what Name, for thou above all these, 
Above mankinde, or aught then mankinde higher, 
Surpassest farr my naming, how may I 
Adore thee, Author of this Universe, 
And all this good to man, for whose well being 
So amply, and with hands so liberal 
Thou hast provided all things i but with mee 
I see not who partakes. In solitude 
What happiness, who can enjoy alone, 
Or all enjoying, what contentment iind? 
Thus I presumptuous ; and the vision bright. 
As with a smile more bright'nd, thus repli'd. 

What call'st thou solitude, is not the Earth 
With various living creatures, and the Aire 
Replenisht, and all these at thy command 
To come and play before thee, know'st thou not 
Thir language and thir wayes, they also know, 
And reason not contemptibly; with these 
Find pastime, and beare rule; thy Realm is large. 
So spake the Universal Lord, and seem'd 
So ordering. I with leave of speech implor'd, 
And humble deprecation thus repli'd. 

Let not my words offend thee, Heav'nly Power, 
My Maker, be propitious while I speak. 
Hast thou not made me here thy substitute. 
And these inferiour farr beneath me set? 
Among un equals what societie 
Can sort, what harmonic or true delight? 
Which must be mutual, in proportion due 
Giv'n and receiv'd; but in disparitie 
The one intense, the other still remiss 
Cannot well suite with either, but soon prove 
Tedious alike : Of fellowship I speak 
Such as I seek, fit to participate 
All rational delight, wherein the brute 
Cannot be human consort; they rejoyce 
Each with thir kinde. Lion with Lioness; 
So fitly them in pairs thou hast combin'd; 
Much lesi can Bird with Beast, or Fish with Fowie 
( 343 ) 



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Taradise Lost. [bk. > 

So well converse, nor with the Ox the Ape; 
Wors then can Man with Beast, and least of all. 

Whereto th' Almighty answer'd, not displeas'd. 
A nice and suttle happiness I see 
Thou to thy self proposest, in the choice 
Of thy Associates, Adam, and will taste 
No pleasure, though in pleasure, solitarie. 
What thinkst thou then of mee, and this my State, 
Seem I to thee sufficiently possest 
Of happiness, or not? who am alone 
From all Eternitie, for none I know 
Second to mee or like, equal much less. 
How have I then with whom to hold converse 
Save with the Creatures which I made, and those 
To me inferiour, infinite descents 
Beneath what other Creatures are to thee? 

He ceas'd, I lowly answer'd. To attaine 
The highth and depth of thy Eternal waycs 
All human thoughts come short, Supream of things ; 
Thou in thy self art perfet, and in thee 
Is no deficience found; not so is Man, 
But in degree, the cause of his desire 
By conversation with his like to help. 
Or solace his defects. No need that thou 
Shouldst propagat, already infinite; 
And through all numbers absolute, though One; 
But Man by number is to manifest 
His single imperfection, and beget 
Like of his like, his Image multipli'd. 
In unitie defective, which requires 
Collateral love, and deerest amitie. 
Thou in thy secresie although alone, 
Best with thy self accompanied, seek'st not 
Social communication, yet so pleas'd, 
Canst raise thy Creature to what highth thou wilt 
Of Union or Communion, deifi'd; 
I by conversing cannot these erect 
From prone, nor in thir wayes complacence find. 
Thus I embold'nd spake, and freedom ns'd 
Permissive, and acceptance found, which gain'd 
This answer from the gratious voice Divine. 

Thus farr to try thee Adam, I was pleas'd, 
(S44) 



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. VIII.] Taradise Lost. 

And finde thee knowing not of Beasts -^lone 
l^Tiich thou hast nghtl) namd but of thy self, 
Express ng well the spint withi i thee free 
My Image not mparted to the Brute 
Whose fellowship therefore unmeet for thee 
Good reason was thou freely shouldst disl ke, 
And be so mnded still I ere thou spikst 
Knew t not ^ood for M-in to he alone 
And no such companie as then thou saw st 
Intended thee for tnil onelj brought 
To see how thou could at judge of fit ind meet : 
What next I bring shall please thee be assur'd, 
Thy likeness, th) fit help thj other self 
Thy wish exacti) to th) hearts desire 

Hee ended oi I heard no more for now 
My earthly tj his Hea% nly overpowerd 
Which it had long stood under streind to the highth 
111 that celestial Colloquie sublime 
As with an object that excels the sense 
Dazld and spent sunk down and souglt repair 
Of sleep which instantly fell on me cilld 
By Nature as ii aide and closd mine eje*: 
Mine eyes he closd but opn left the Cell 
Of Fancie my internal sight b) which 
Abstract as in a transe n ethought I saw 
Though sleep ng where I lay and saw the shape 
Still glorious beiore whom awake I stood 
Who stoopmg op nd m) left side and took 
From thence a Rib with cord al spirits wirme, 
And L fe blood stream ng fresh wide was the wound, 
But suddenlj with flesh fiUd up &. heald 
The Rib he formd and fashond with his hands ; 
Under his formi ig hands a Creature grew 
Manlike but different sex so lovlj faire 
That what seemd fair in all the 1\ orld seemd now 
Mean or in her sunmd up m her contamd 
And 1 1 her looks which from that time nfus'd 
Sweetness into mj heart unfelt before 
And into all things from her Aire mspir d 
The spint of loie and an orous del ght 
She disappeerd and left me dark I wak d 
To fi id her or for ever to dei lore 
{345) 



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Taradise Lost. 



Her loss, and other pleasures all abjure i 
When out of hope, behold her, not farr off, 
Such as I saw her in my dream, adornd 
With what all Earth or Heaven could bestow 
To make her amiable : On she came. 
Led by her Heav'nly Maker, though unseen, 
And guided by his voice, nor uninformd 
Of nuptial Sanctitie and marriage Rites r 
Grace was in all her steps, Heav'n in her Eye, 
In every gesture dignitie and love, 
I overjoyd could not forbear aloud. 

This turn hath made amends ; thou hast fulfill'd 
Thy words, Creator bounteous and benigne, 
Giver of all things faire, but fairest this 
Of all thy gifts, nor enviest. I now see 
Bone of ray Bone, Flesh of my Flesh, my Self 
Before me ; Woman is her Name, of Man 
Extracted; for this cause he shall forgoe 
Father and Mother, and to his Wife adhere ; 
And they shall be one Flesh, one Heart, one Soule. 

She heard me thus, and though divinely brought. 
Yet Innocence and Virgin Modestie, 
Her vertue and the con n f h worth, 
That would be woo'd, d ht be won, 

Not obvious, not obtru b d 

The more desirable, or sa 11 
Nature her self, though p f f 1 thought, 

Wrought in her so, tha n he turn'd ; 

I follow'd her, she wha was H n knew, 
And with obsequious Majestie approv'd 
My pleaded reason. To the Nuptial Bowre 
I led her blushing like the Mom : al! Heav'n, 
And happie Constellations on that houre 
Shed thir selectest influence; the Earth 
Gave sign of gratulation, and each Hill : 
Joyous the Birds; fresh Gales and gentle Aires 
Whisper'd it to the Woods, and from thir wings 
Flung Rose, flung Odours from the spicie Shrub, 
Disporting, till the amorous Bird of Night 
Sung Spousal, and bid haste the Eevning Starr 
On his Hill top, to light the bridal I-amp. 
Thus I have told thee all my State, and brought 
(346) 



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vm.] 'Paradise Lost. 

My Storie to the sum of eirthly bliss 

Which I enjo) and must confess to find 

In all things el'ie delght indeed but such 

As usd OT not works in the mind no change, 

Nor vehement desire these dehcicies 

I mean of T\ste Si^ht Smell Herbs Fruits, & Flours, 

Walks and the melodie of B rds but here 

Farr otherwise, transported I behold. 

Transported touch ; here passion first I felt, 5; 

Commotion strange, in all enjoyments else 

Superiour and unmov'd, here onely weake 

Against the charm of Beauties powerful glance. 

Or Nature faild in mee, and left some part 

Not proof enough such Object to sustain, 

Or from my side subducting, took perhaps 

More then enough; at least on her bestow'd 

Too much of Ornament, in outward shew 

Elaborate, of inward less exact. 

For well I unflerstand in the prime end 5; 

Of Nature her th' inferiour, in the mind 

And inward Faculties, which most excell. 

In outward also her resembling less 

His Image who made both, and less expressing 

The character of that Dominion gn'n 

O're other Creatures ; yet when I approach 

Her 1 1 b i h 

pi 11 k 

h will d J 

est, d b s; 



t, d 1 k f 11} h 



Her 


ha h 


Seem w 


rt 


All h h 


k Idg 


Degrad d 


\ d 


Loose d 




Anth 


d R 


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d d firs 


Occas all d 


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f m d 


Build h 


1 


Abou h 




To wh 


h A gl 


Ac 


N 


Do th 1 


1 


Of \\ d 


h d 


(347) 





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Taradise Lost. [bi 

Dismiss not her when most thou need'-t her nigh, 
By at b g I h g 

Less 11 h h) If p ea 



For \ 
An o 
Thy ch 
Not thy 
Then 
Then 
Well m 
The m 
And 
Made 
So awf ] 
Thy n 
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Is prop 
Beyond 
To C 
To th 
There 



hyi, 
hy 1 
hy 



U k 1 dg h 
y Id 11 h h 
f hy d 1 



h dea d 1 gh 



h k h 
1 B 






J yd ' 



Igd, 



Id 



be 



& d 
hy 
The Soule of Man or passion m him mo^c- 
What higher in her societ e thou findst 
Attractive human nt oml lot e still 
In loving thou dost well m passion not 
Wherein true Love consists not love refines 
The thoughts and heart enhrges hath h s seat 
In Re-ison and is jud c ous is the scale 
By which to heav nly Love thou ma st ascend, 
Not sunk m carnal pleasure for which cause 
Among the Beasts no Mate for thee was found. 

To whon thu half abasht Alan replid 
Neither her out side formd so fa r nor aught 
In procreation common to all k ndes 
{Though h gher of the ge iial Bed bj far 
And wth mystenous reverence I deem) 
So much del ghts me as those graceful act 
Those thousand decencies that daily flow 
From all her words and actons mixt with love 
And sweet compliance which declare unfegn'd 
Union of Mind or in us both one So le 
Harmon e to behold i vedded par 
{348) 



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. vni.3 "Paradise Lost. 

More grateful then harmonious sound to the tare. 
Vet these subject not ; I to thee disclose 
What inward thence I feel, not therefore foild, 
Who meet with various objects, from the sense 
Variously representing; yet still free 
Approve the best, and follow what I approve. 
To love thou blam'st me not, for love thou saist 
Leads up to Heav'n, is both the way and guide; 
Bear with me then, if lawful what I ask; 
Love not the beav'nly Spirits, and how thir Love 
Express they, by looks onely, or do they mix 
Irradiance, virtual or immediate touch ? 

To whom the Angel with a smile that glow'd 
Celestial rosie red. Loves proper hue, 
Answer'd. Let it suffice thee that thou know'st 
Us happie, and without Love no happiness- 
Whatever pure thou in the body enjoy'st 
(And pure thou wert created) we enjoy 
In eminence, and obstacle find none 
Of membrane, joynt, or limb, exclusive barrs ; 
Easier then Air with Air, if Spirits embrace. 
Total they mix. Union of Pure with Pure 
Desiring; nor restrain'd conveyance need 
As Flesh to mix with Flesh, or Soul with Soul. 
But I can now no more ; the parting Sun 
Beyond the Earths green Cape and verdant Isles 
Hesperean sets, my Signal to depart. 
Be Strong, live happie, and love, but first of all 
Him whom to love is to obey, and keep 
His great command; take heed least Passion sway 
Thy Judgement to do aught, which else free Will 
Would not admit; thine and of ail thy Sons 
The weal or woe in thee is plac't ; beware. 
I in thy persevering shall rejoyce. 
And all the Blest: stand fast; to stand or fall 
Free in thine own Arbitrement it lies. 
Perfect within, no outward aid require; 
And all temptation to transgress repel. 

So saying, he arose ; whom Adam thus 
Follow'd with benediction. Since to part. 
Go heavenly Guest, Ethereal Messenger, 
Sent from whose sovran goodness I adore. 
(349) 



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"Paradise Lost. i 

Gentle to me and affable hath been 
Thy condescension, and shall be honour'd ever 
With grateful Memorie ; thou to mankind 
Be good and friendly still, and ofl; return. 
So parted they, the Angel up to Heav'n 
From the thick shade, and Adam to his Bowre. 



The End of the Eighth Book. 



(35") 



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PARADISE LOST. 



THE ARGUMENT. 

Satan having compost the Earth, "with meditated guile returns 
as a mist by Night into Paradise, enters into the Serpent sleeping. 
Adam and Eve in the Morning go forth to tkir labours, -which Eve 
proposes to divide in several places, each labouring apart : Adam 
consents not, alledging the danger, lest that Enemy, of -whcnt they 
were firewarrid, should attempt h^r found alone: Eve loath to be 
thought not circumspect or firm enough, urges her going apart, the 
rather desirous to maie Iryal of her strength; Adam at last yields : 
The Serpent finds her alone j Ms subtle approach, first gasing, then 
speaking, with muck flattery extolling Eve above all other Creatures. 
Eve wondnng to }uar the Serpent speak, asks how he attain'd to 
human speech and such understanding not till nowj the Serpent 
answers, that by tasting of a certain Tree in the Garden he attained both 
to Speech and Reason, till then -void of both : Eve requires Aim to 
bring her to that Tree, and finds it to be the Tree of Knowledge 
forbidden : The Serpent tww grown bolder, with many wiles and 
arguments induces her at length to eatj she pleas' d with the taste 
deliberates awhile whether to impart thereof to Adam or not, at last 
brings him of the Fruit, relates what persuaded her to eat thereof: 
kAsia at first amaz'd, but perceiving her lost, resolves through 
vehemence of love to p^ish with her; and extemtoHng the trespctss, 
eats also of the Fruit : The effects thereof _ in them bath; they seek to 
cover thir nakedness; then fall to variance and accusation of one 
another. 

No more of talk where God or Angel Guest 
With Man, as with his Friend, familiar us'd 
To sit indulgent, and with him partake 
Rural repast, permitting him the while 
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'Paradise Lost. b 

Venial discourse unblam'd ; I now must change 
Those Notes to Tragic ; foul distrust, and breach 
Disloyal on the part of Man, revolt, 
And disobedience : On the part of Heav'n 
Now alienated, distance and distaste. 
Anger and just rebuke, and judgement giv'n. 
That brought into this World a world of woe, 
Sinne and her shadow Death, and Miserie 
Deaths Harbinger: Sad task, yet at^ument 
Not less but more Heroic then the wrauth 
Of stern Achilles on his Foe pursu'd 
Thrice Fugitive about Troy Wall; or rage 
Of Turnus for Lavinia disespous'd, 
Or JVep/uf^s ire or Junds, that so long 
Perplex'd the Greek and Cyfkerea'a Son; 
If answerable style I can obtaine 
Of my Celestial Patroness, who deignes 
Her nightly visitation unimplor'd, 
And dictates to me slumbring, or inspires 
Easie my unpremeditated Verse : 
Since first this Subject for Heroic Song 
Pleas'd me long choosing, and beginning late 
Not sedulous by Nature to indite 
Warrs, hitherto the onely Argument 
Heroic deem'd, chief maistrie to dissect 
With long and tedious havoc fabl'd Knights 
In Battels feign'd; the better fortitude 
Of Patience and Heroic Martyrdom 
Unsung ; or to describe Races and Games, 
Or tilting Furniture, emblazon'd Shields, 
Impreses quaint, Caparisons and Steeds ; 
Bases and tinsel Trappings, gotgious Knights 
At Joust and Tomeament ; then marshal'd Feast 
Serv'd up in Hall with Sewers, and Seneshats ; 
The skill of Artifice or Office mean, 
Not that which justly gives Heroic name 
To Person or to Poem. Mee of these 
Nor skilld nor studious, higher Argument 
Remaines, sufficient of it self to raise 
That name, unless an age too late, or cold 
Climat, or Years damp my intended wing 
Deprest, and much they may, if all be mine, 
(3S0 



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.IX.] Taradise Lost. 

Not Hers who brings it nightly to my Ear. 

The Sun was sunk, and after him the Starr 
Of Hesperus, whose Office is to bring 
Twilight upon the Earth, short Arbiter 50 

Twixt Day and Night, and now from end to end 
Nights Hemisphere had veild the Horizon round : 
When Satan who late fled before the threats 
Of Gabriel out of Edm, now improv'd 
In meditated fraud and malice, bent 
On mans destruction, maugre what might hap 
Of heavier on himself, fearless return'd. 
By Night he fled, and at Midnight return'd 
From compassing the Earth, cautious of day, 
Since Uriel Regent of the Sun descri'd 60 

His entrance, and forewaind the Cherubim 
That kept thir watch ; thence full of anguish driv'n, 
The space of seven conliiiu'd Nights he rode 
With darkness^ thrice the Equinoctial Line 
He circl'd, four times cross'd the Carr of Night 
From Pole to Pole, traversing each Colure; 
On the eighth return'd, and on the Coast averse 
From entrance or Cherubic Watch, by stealth 
Fomid unsuspected way. There was a place. 
Now not, though Sin, not Time, first wraught the change, ;o 
Where Tigris at the foot of Paradise 
Into a Gulf shot under ground, till part 
Rose up a Fountain by the Tree of Life; 
In with the River sunk, and with it rose 
Satan involv'd in rising Mist, then sought 
Where to lie hid ; Sea he had searcht and Land 
From Eden over Pontus, and the Poole 
Maotis, up beyond the River 0& ; 
Downward as farr Antartic; and in length 
West from Orontes to the Ocean barr'd So 

At Darien, thence to the Land where flowes 
Ganges and Indus: thus the Orb he roam'd 
With narrow search; and with inspection deep 
Consider'd every Creature, which of all 
Most opportune might serve his Wiles, and found 
The Serpent suttlest Beast of all the Field. 
Him after long debate, irresolute 
Of thoughts revolv'd, his final sentence chose 
( 353 ) A a 



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Taradise Lost. [bk. i 

Fit Vessel, fittest Imp of fraud, in whom 
To enter, and his dark suggestions hide 
From sharpest sight : for in the wihe Snake, 
Whatever sleights none would suspicious mark. 
As from his wit and native suttletie 
Proceeding, which in other Beasts observ'd 
Doubt might beget of Diabolic pow'r 
Active within beyond the sense of brute. 
Thus he resolv'd, but first from inward griefe 
His bursting passion into plaints thus pour'd : 

O Earth, how like to Heav'n, if not preferr'd 
More justly. Seat worthier of Gods, as built 
With second thoughts, reforming what was old ! 
For what God after better worse would build? 
Terrestrial Heav'n, danc't round by other Heav'ns 
That shine, yet bear thir bright officious Lamps, 
Light above Light, for thee alone, as seems, 
In thee concentring all thir precious beams 
Of sacred influence: As God in Heav'n 
Is Center, yet extends to all, so thou 
Centring receav'st from all tbose Orbs; in thee, 
Not in themselves, all thir known vertue appeers 
Productive in Herb, Plant, and nobler birth 
Of Creatures animate with gradual life 
Of Growth, Sense, Reason, all summ'd up in Man. 
With what delight could I have walk't thee round 
If I could joy in aught, sweet interchange 
Of Hill and Vallie, Rivers, Woods and Plaines, 
Now Land, now Sea, & Shores with Forrest crownd, 
Rocks, Dens, and Caves ; but 1 in none of these 
Find place or refuge; and the more I see 
Pleasures about me, so much more I feel 
Torment within me, as from the hateful siege 
Of contraries ; all good to me becomes 
Bane, and in Heav'n much worse would be my slate. 
But neither here seek I, no nor in Heav'n 
To dwell, unless by maisfring Heav'ns Supreame; 
Nor hope to be my self less miserable 
By what I seek, but others to make such 
As I, though thereby worse to me redound; 
For onely in destroying I finde ease 
To my relentless thoughts ; and him destroyd, 
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• 's.] Taradise Lost. 

Or won to what may work his utter loss. 
For whom all this was made, all this will soon 
Follow, as to him linkt in weal or woe. 
In wo then ; that destruction wide may range : 
To mee shall be the giorie sole among 
The infernal Powers, in one day to have marr'd 
What he Almighiie styl'd, six Nights and Days 
Continu'd making, and who knows how long 
Before had bin contriving, though perhaps 
Not longer then since I in one Night freed 
From servitude inglorious welnigh half 
Th' Angelic Name, and thinner left the throng 
Of bis adorers : hee to be aveng'd. 
And to repaire his numbers thus impair'd, 
Whether such vettue spent of old now faild 
More Angels to Create, if they at least 
Are his Created or to spite us more, 
Determin'd to advance into our room 
A Creature form'd of Earth, and him endow, 
Exalted from so base original, 

With Heav'nly spoils, our spoils ; What he decreed 
He effected; Man he made, and for him built 
Magnificent this World, and Earth his seat. 
Him Lord pronounc'd, and, O indignitie ! 
Subjected to his service Angel wings. 
And flaming Ministers to watch and tend 
Thir earthie Charge : Of these the vigilance 
I dread, and to elude, thus wrapt in mist 
Of midnight vapor glide obscure, and prie 
In every Bush and Brake, where hap may finde 
The Serpent sleeping, in whose mazie foulds 
To hide me, and the dark intent I bring, 
O foul descent 1 that I who erst contended 
With Gods to sit the highest, am now constraind 
Into a Beast, and mixt with bestial slime, . 
This essence to incarnate and imbrute. 
That to the bight of Deitie aspir'd; 
But what will not Ambition and Revenge 
Descend to ? who aspires must down as low 
As high he soard, obnoxious first or last 
To basest things. Revenge, at first though sweet. 
Bitter ere long back on it self'recoiles; 
( 355 ) A a 3 



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Taradise Lost. [bk. 

Let it ; I reck not, so it light well aim'd. 
Since higher I fail short, on him who next 
Provokes my envie, this new Favorite 
Of Heav'n, this Man of Clay, Son of despite, 
Whom us the more to spite his Maker rais'd 
From dust : spite then with spite is best repaid. 

So saying, through each Thicket Danck or Drie, 
Like a black mist low creeping, he held on 
His midnight search, where soonest he might finde 
The Serpent : him fast sleeping soon he found 
In Labyrinth of many a round self-rowld, 
His head the midst, well stor'd with suttle wiles ; 
Not yet in horrid Shade or dismal Den, 
Not nocent yet, but on the grassie Herbe 
Fearless unfeard he slept : in at his Mouth 
The Devil enterd, and his brutal sense. 
In heart or head, possessing soon inspired 
With act intelligential ; but his sleep 
Disturb'd not, waiting close th' approach of Morn. 
Now whenas sacred Light began to dawne 
In Eden on the hutnid Flours, that breathd 
Thir morning Incense, when all things that breath, 
F'rom th' Earths great Altar send up silent praise 
To the Creator, and his Nostrils fill 
With grateful! Smell, forth came the human pair 
And joynd thir vocal Worship to the Quire 
Of Creatures wanting voice, that done, partake 
The season, prime for sweetest Sents and Aires : 
Then commune how that day they best may ply 
Thir growing work : for much thir work outgrew 
The hands dispatch of two Gardning so wide. 
And Mve first to her Husband thus began. 

Adam, well may we labour still to dress 
This Garden, still to tend Plant, Herb and Flour. 
Our pleasant task enjoyn'd, but till more hands 
Aid us, the work under our labour grows. 
Luxurious by restraint; what we by day 
Lop overgrown, or prune, or prop, or bind, 
One night or two with wanton growth derides 
Tending to wilde. Thou therefore now advise 
Or .hear what to my cuind iirst thosighta present^ 

186 not] nor td'j^ 213 hear] bear i6'}4 

(3=«) 



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BK. IX.] Taradise Lost. 

Let us divide our labours, thou where choice 
Leads thee, or where most needs, whether to wind 
The Woodbine round this Arbour, or direct 
The clasping Ivie where to climb, while I 
In yonder Spring of Roses intermixt 
With Myrtle, find what to redress till Noon; 
For while so near each other thus all day 
Our task we choose, what wonder if so near 
Looks intervene and smiles, or object new 
Casual discourse draw on, which intermits 
Our dayes work brought to little, though begun 
Early, and ih' hour of Supper comes unearn'd. 
To whom mild answer Adam thus return'd. 
Sole £ve. Associate sole, to me beyond 
Compare above all living Creatures deare, 
Well hast thou motion'd, wel thy thoughts imployd 
How we might best fulfill the work which here 
God hath assign'd us, nor of me shak pass a 
Unptais'd : for nothing lovelier can be found v 
In woman, then to studie houshold good, — -^ 

And good workes in her Husband to promote. 
Yet not so strictly hath our Lord impos'd 
Labou d b h d 

Refi-e hmt,hhfd takh 
Food f h m d h 

Of lo k d 1 f 1 f R fl 

To b d d d h f d 

Love hi d f h 1 

For n k lb d 1 h 

Hemd ddlh R jyd 

These phdB db b J>li 

Will k p f m \ Id h d 

As we d Ik 11 y g h d 1 

Assist B f h p h p 

Thee h b I Id y Id 

For solitude somtimes is best societie 
And short retirement urges sw t 

But other doubt possesses me 1 t h n 
Befall thee sever'd from me; f th k t 
What hath bin warn'd us, what m 1 F 

Envying our happiness, and of h 
Despairing, seeks to work us oe a d 1 
(36r) 



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'Paradise Lost. [bk. ix. 

By sly assault] and somwhere nigh at hand 

Watches, no doubt, with greedy hope to find 

His wish and best advantage, us asunder, 

Hopeless to circumvent us joynd, where each 

To other speedie aide might lend at need; 260 

Whether his first design be to withdraw 

Our fealtie from God, or to disturb 

Conjugal Love, then which perhaps no bliss 

Enjoy'd by us excites his envie more ; 

Or this, or worse, leave not the faithful side 

That gave thee being, stil shades thee and protects. 

The Wife, where danger or dishonour lurks, 

Safest and seemliest by her Husband stales, 

Who guards her, or with her the worst endures. 

To whom the Vii^in Majestie of Eve 270 

r d m k nd m ets, 
p h pyd 

ind E h d 11 E rths Lord, 




. q 

Can by h f d b 

Tho gh hhhwf dhyhb thy brest, 

^^a n h h f h h d ? 

T wh h h 1 g d ^ pl> d. 29 

Daughter olf..God and Man, immortal Eze, 
~~Yox siicb thou art, froni sin and blame entire : 
Not diffident of thee do I dissuade 
Thy absence from my sight, but to avoid 
Th' attempt it self, intended by our Foe. 
For bee who teropts, though in vain, at least e 
The tempted with dishonour foul, suppos'd 
(3S8) 



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:-ix.] Taradise Lost. 

Not incorruptible of Faitli, not prooff 

Against temptation; thou thy self with scorne 

And anger wouldst resent the offer'd wrong, 

Though ineffectual found : misdeem not then, 

If such affront I labour to avert 

From thee alone, which on us both at once 

The Enemie, though bold, will hardly dare, 

Or daring, first on mee th' assault shall light. 

Nor thou his malice and false guile contemn ; 

Suttle he needs must be, who could seduce 

Angels, nor think superfluous others aid. 

I from the influence of thy looks receave 

Access in every Vertue, in thy sight 

More wise, more watchful, stronger, if need were 

Of outward strength ; while shame, thou looking on, 

Shame to be overcome or over-reacht 

Would utmost vigor raise, and rais'd unite. 

Why shouldst not thou like sense within thee feel 

When I am present, and thy trial choose 

With me, best witness of thy Vertue tri'd. 

So spake domestick Adam in his care 
And Matrimonial Love, but £ve, who thought 
Less attributed to her Faith sincere, 
Thus her reply with accent sweet renewd. 

If this be our condition, thus to dwell 
In narrow circuit strait'nd by a Foe, 
Suttle or violent, we not endu'd 
Single with like defence, wherever met. 
How are we happie, still in fear of harm ? 
But harm precedes not sin : onely our Foe 
Tempting affronts us with his foul esteem 
Of our integritie : his foul esteeme 
Sticks no dishonor on our Front, but turns 
Foul on himself; then wherfore shund or feard 
By us ? who rather double honour gaine 
From his surmise prov'd false, finde peace within. 
Favour from Heav'n, our witness from th' event. 
And what is Faith, Love, "Vertue unassaid 
Alone, without exterior help sustaind? 
Let us not then suspect our happie State 
Left so imperfet by the Maker wise, 
As not secure to single or corobin'd. 
(359) 



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Taradise Lost. [bk 

Fraile is our happiness, if this be so, 
And Eden were no Eden thus expos'd. 

To whom thus Adam fervently repli'd 
O Woman, best are all things as the will 
Of God ordaind them, his creating hand 
Nothing imperfet or deficient left 
Of all that he Created, much less Man, 
Or ought that might his happie State secure, 
Secure from outward force ; within himself 
The danger lies, yet lies within his power : 
Against his will he can receave no harme. 
But God left free the Will, for what obeyes 
Reason, is free, and Reason he made right 
But bid her well beware, and still erect, 
Least by some faire appeering good surpris'd 
She dictate falsCj and missinforme the Will 
To do what God expressly hath forbid. 
Not then mistrust, hut tender love enjoynes. 
That I should mind thee oft, and mind thou me. 
Firm we subsist, yet possible to swerve. 
Since Reason not impossibly may meet 
Some specious object by the Foe subornd, 
And fall into deception unaware. 
Not keeping strictest watch, as she was warnd 
Seek not temptation then, which to avoide 
Were better, and most likelie if from mee 
Thou sever not: Trial will come unsought. 
Wouldst thou approve thy constancie, approve 
First thy obedience ; th' other who can know, 
Not seeing thee attempted, who -attest ? 
But if thou think, trial unsought may finde 
Us both securer then thus warnd thou seemst. 
Go ; for thy stay, not free, absents thee mors ; 
Go in thy native innocence, relie 
On what thou hast of vertue, summon all. 
For God towards thee hath done his part, do thine. 

So spake the Patriarch of Mankinde, but Eve 
Persisted, yet submiss, though last, repli'd. 

With thy permission then, and thus forewarnd 
Chiefly by what thy own last reasoning words 
Touchd onely, that our trial, when least sought. 
May finde us both perhaps farr less prepar'd, 
(360) 



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-IX.3 Taradise Lost. 

The willinger I goe, nor much expect 
A Foe so proud will first the weaker k 
So bent, the more shall shame him h ] 1 
Thus saying, from her Husbands hand h h d 
Soft she withdrew, and like a Wood-Ny ph 1 gh 
Oread or Dryad, or of Delia's Traine 
Betook her to the Groves, but Delia If 
In gate surpass'd and Goddess-like d p 

n d 



Thougl n 


h h B 


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h h fl d 


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Yet ^ gi 


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m/^ 


Her I g 


h d 1 k h 


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b d m 


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h h h g f 


q k 


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h hm f 


g gd 


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md bj N 


d h E 


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g b d 




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b p 


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(3 ) 


eh w hd bu 
39 ^ ] 


h h p 



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Taradise Lost. [ek- 

Of what so seldom chanc'd, when to his wish, 

Beyond his hope, Eve separate he spies, 

Veil'd in a Cloud of Fragrance, where she stood, 

Half spi'd, so thick the Roses bushing round 

About her glowd, oft stooping to support 

Each Flour of slender stalk, whose head though gay 

Carnation, Purple, Azure, or spect with Gold, 

Hung drooping unsustained, them she upstaies 

Gently with Mirtle band, mindless the while, 

Her self, though fairest unsupported Flour, 

From her best prop so farr, and storm so nigh, 

Neerer he drew, and many a walk travers'd 

Of stateliest Covert. Cedar, Pine, or Pahne, 

Then voluble and bold, now hid, now seen 

Among thick-wov'n Arborets and Flours 

Imborderd on each Bank, the hand of Eve : 

Spot more delicious then those Gardens feign'd 

Or of reviv'd Adorns, or renownd 

Akinous, host of old Laertes Son, 

Or that, not Mystic, where the Sapient King 

Held dalliance with his faire Egyptian Spouse. 

Much hee the Place admir'd, the Person more. 

As one who long in populous City pent. 

Where Houses thick and Sewers annoy the Aire, 

Forth issuing on a Summers Morn to breathe 

Among the pleasant Villages and Farmes 

Adjoynd, from each thing met conceaves delight. 

The smell of Grain, or tedded Grass, or Kine, 

Or Dairie, each rural sight, each rural sound ; 

If chance with Nymphlike step fair Virgin pass. 

What pleasing seemd, for her now pleases more, 

She most, and in her looks summs all Delight. 

Such Pleasure took the Serpent to behold 

This Flourie Plat, the sweet recess of Eve 

Thus earlie, thus alone ; her Heav'nly forme 

Angelic, but more soft, and Feminine, 

Her graceful Innocence, her every Aire 

Of gesture or lest action overawd 

His Malice, and with rapine sweet bereav'd 

His fierceness of the fierce intent it brought : 

That space the Evil one abstracted stood 

From his own evil, and for the time remaind 

(36.) 



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■ IX.] Taradise Lost. 

Stupidly good, of enmitie disarm'd, 

Of guile, of hate, of envie, of revenge ; 

But the hot Hell that alwayes in him burnes, 

Though in mid Heav'n, soon ended his delight. 

And tortures him now more, the mote he sees 

Of pleasure not for him ordain'd : then soon 4 

Fierce hate he recollects, and all his thoughts 

Of mischief, gratukting, thus excites. 

Thoughts, whither have ye led me, \nlh what sweet 
Compulsion thus transported to forget 
What hither brought us, hate, not love, nor hope 
Of Paradise for Hell, hope here to taste 
Of pleasure, but all pleasure to destroy. 
Save what is in destroying, other joy 
To me is lost. Then let me not let pass 
Occasion which now smiles, behold alone 4 

The Woman, opportune to all attempts. 
Her Husband, for 1 view far round, not nigh, 
Whose higher intellectual more I shun, 
And strength, of courage hautie, and of limb 
Heroic built, though of terrestrial mould, 
Foe not informidable, exempt from wound, 
I not; so much hath Hell debas'd, and paine 
Infeebl'd me, to what I was in Heav'n. 
Shee fair, divinely fair, fit Love for Gods, 
Not terrible, though terrout be in Love 4 

And beautie, not approacht by stronger hate, 
Hate stronger, under shew of Love well feign'd, 
The way which to her ruin now I tend. 

So spake the Enemie of Mankind, enclos'd 
In Serpept, Inmate bad, and toward Eve 
Address'd his way, not with indented wave. 
Prone on the ground, as since, but on his reare, 
Circular base of rising foulds, that tour'd 
Fould above fould a surging Maze, his Head 
Crested aloft, and Carbuncle his Eyes; j' 

With burnisht Neck of verdant Gold, erect 
Amidst his circling Spires, that on the grass 
Floted redundant : pleasing was his shape, 
And lovely, never since of Serpent kind 
Lovelier, not those that in Illyria chang'd 
Hermione and Cadmus, or the God 
(363) 



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'Paradise Lost. [bk.is. 

In Epidaurus; nor to which transformd 

Ammonian /ove, or Capitoline was seen, 

Hee with Ofymptas, this with her who bore 

Sdpio the highth of Jiome. With tract oblique 510 

At first, as one who sought access, but feard 

To interrupt, side-long he works his way. 

As when a Ship by skilful Stearsman wrought 

Nigh Rivers mouth or Foreland, where the Wind 

Veres oft, as oft so steers, and shifts her Saile ; 

So varied hee, and of his tortuous Traine 

Curld many a wanton wreath in sight of Eve, 

To lure her Eye; shee busied heard the sound 

Of rusling Leaves, but minded not, as us'd 

To such disport before her through the Field, 520 

From every Beast, more duteous at her call. 

Then at Circean call the Herd disguis'd. 

Hee boulder now, uncall'd before her stood; 

But as in gaze admiring ; Oft he bowd 

His turret Crest, and sleek enamel'd Neck, 

Fawning, and lick'd the ground whereon she trod. 

His gentle dumb expression tiirn'd at length 

The Eye of Eve to mark his play ; he glad 

Of her attention gaind, with Serpent Tongue 

Ot^anic, or impulse of vocal Air, 530 

His fraudulent temptation thus began. 

Wonder not, sovran Mistress, if perhaps 
Thou canst, who art sole Wonder, much less arm 
Thy looks, the Heav'n of mildness, with disdain, 
Displeas'd that I approach thee thus, and gaze 
Insatiate, I thus single, nor have feard 
Thy awful brow, more awful thus retir'd. 
Fairest resemblance of thy Maker faire. 
Thee all things living gaze on, all things thine 
By gift, and thy Celestial Beautie adore n<i 

With ravishment beheld, there best beheld 
Where universally admir'd; but here 
In this enclosure wild, these Beasts among. 
Beholders rude, and shallow to discerne 
Half what in thee is fair, one man except, 
Who sees thee? (and what is one?) who shouldst be seen 
A Goddess among Gods, ador'd and serv'd 
By Angels numberless, thy daily Train. 
(3«») 



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.IX.] 'Paradise Lost. 

So gloz'd the Tempter and his Proem tuii'd; 



Into H 


f 


£ h 


d 


de way, 


Thou h 


h 


h 


rvl 


; at length 


Not 


d h 


h 




pake. 


What m y 
By T g 
The fi 


h 
f B 


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d h 


g 


f Man pronounc't 
se exprest? 
deni'd 


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t 


f h I h 
G d b 


gh 


To Beas 


C 


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Crea d 




11 1 




I 


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f 


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Much 


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f appeers. 


Thee S rp 


t. 


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he field 


I kn b 




h h m 




ndu'd ; 


Redo hi 


h h 


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How ca 


h 


p k bl 


f 


and how 


To n 


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b 


h 


rest 


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d 1 ar 




ht? 


Say, f 


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o due. 


To b 


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hus reply'd. 


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dent Eve, 


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11 





What thou commandat and right thou shouldst be obeyd: 570 

I was at first as other Beasts that graze 

The trodden Herb, of abject thoughts and low. 

As was my food, nor aught but food discern'd 

Or Sex, and apprehended nothing high : 

Till on a day roaving the field, I chanc'd 

A goodly Tree farr distant to behold 

Loaden with fruit of fairest colours mixt, 

Ruddie and Gold : I nearer drew to gaze ; 

When from the boughes a savorie odour blow'n. 

Grateful to appetite, more pleas'd my sense 580 

Then smell of sweetest Fenel, or the Teats 

Of Ewe or Goat dropping with Milk at Eevn, 

Unsuckt of Lamb or Kid, that tend thir play. 

To satisfie the sharp desire I had 

Of tasting those fair Apples, I resolv'd 

Not to deferr; hunger and thirst at once, 

Powerful perswaders, quick'nd at the scent 

Of that alluring fruit, urg'd roe so keene. 

About the Mossie Trunk I wound me soon, 

For high from ground the branches would require 590 



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Varadhe Lost. [bk. i 

Thy utmost reach or Adams: Round the Tree 

All other Beasts that saw, with like desire 

Longing and envying stood, but could not reach. 

Amid the Tree now got, where plentie hung 

Tempting so nigh, to pluck and eat my fill 

I spar'd not, for such pleasure till that hour 

At Feed or Fountain never had I found. 

Sated at length, ere long I might perceave 

Strange alteration in me, to degree 

Of Reason in my inward Powers, and Speech ( 

Wanted not long, though to this shape retaind. 

Thenceforth to Speculations high or deep 

I turnd my thoughts, and with capacious mind 

Considerd all things visible in Heav'n, 

Or Earth, or Middle, all things fair and good; 

But all that fair and good in thy Divine 

Semblance, and in thy Beauties heav'nly Ray 

United I beheld; no Fair to thine 

Equivalent or second, which compel'd 

Mee thus, though importune perhaps, to come i 

And gaze, and worship thee of right declar'd 

Sovran of Creatures, universal Dame, 

So talk'd the spirited sly Snake ; and Ew 
Yet more amaz'd unwarie thus reply'd. 

Serpent, thy overpraising leaves in doubt 
The vettue of that Fruit, in thee first prov'd : 
But say, where grows the Tree, from hence how far? 
For many are the Trees of God that grow 
In Paradise, and various, yet unknown 
To us, in such abundance lies our choice. 
As leaves a greater store of Fruit untoucht, 
Still hanging incorruptible, till men 
Grow up to thir provision, and more hands 
Help to disburden Nature of her Bearth. 

To whom the wilie Adder, blithe and glad. 
Empress, the way is readie, and not long, 
Beyond a row of Myrtles, on a Flat, 
Fast by a Fountain, one small Thicket past 
Of blowing Myrrh and Balme ; if thou accept 
My conduct, I can bring thee thither soon. 

Lead then, said Eve. Hee leading swiftly rowld 
In tangles, and made intricate seem strait, 

(366) 



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■ IX-] "Paradise Lj)St. 

To mischief swift Hope elevates, and Joy 
Bright'ns his Crest, as when a wandring Fire 
Compact of unctuous vapor, which the Night 
Condenses, and the cold invirons round, 
Kindl'd through agitation to a Flame, 
Which oft, they say, some evil Spirit attends, 
Hovering and blazing with delusive Light, 
Misleads th' amaz'd Night-wanderer from his way 
To Boggs and Mires, & oft through Pond or Poole, 
There swallow'd up and lost, from succour farr. 
So ghster'd the dire Snake, and into fraud 
Led Em our credulous Mother, to the Tree 
Of prohibition, root of aU our woe ; 
Which when she saw, thus to her guide she spake. 

Serpent, we might have spar'd our coming hither, 
Fruitless to me, though Fruit be here to excess. 
The credit of whose vertue rest with thee. 
Wondrous indeed, if cause of such effects. 
But of this Tree we may not taste nor touch ; 
God so commanded, and left that Command 
Sole Daughter of his voice ; the rest, we live 
Law to our selves, our Reason is our Law. 

To whom the Tempter guilefully repli'd. 
Indeed ? hath God then said that of the Fruit 
Of all these Garden Trees ye shall not eate. 
Yet Lords declar'd of all in Earth or Aire? 

To whom thus Eve yet sinless. Of the Fruit 
Of each Tree in the Garden we may eate. 
But of the Fruit of this fair Tree amidst 
The Garden, God hath said. Ye shall not eate 
Thereof, nor shall ye touch it, least ye die. 

She scarse had said, thotigh brief, when now more 
The Tempter, but with shew of Zeale and Love 
To Man, and indignation at his wrong, 
New part puts on, and as to passion mov'd, 
Fluctuats disturbd, yet comely, and Jn act 
Eais'd, as of som great matter to begin. 
As when of old som Orator renound 
In Athens or free Rome, where Eloquence 
Flourishd, since mute, to som great cause addrest, 
Stood in himself collected, while each part. 
Motion, each act won audience ere the tongue, 
(3«7) 



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Varadtse Lost. [ 

Somtimes in highth began, as no delay 
Of Preface brooking through his Zeal of Right. 
So standing, moving, or to highth upgrown 
The Tempter all impassiond thus began. 

Sacred, Wise, and Wisdom-giving Plant, 
Mother of Science, Now I feel thy Power 
Within me cleere, not onely £o discerne 
Things in thir Causes, but to trace the wayes 
Of highest Agents, deemd however wise. 
Queen of this Universe, doe not believe 
Those rigid threats of Death ; ye shall not Die : 
How should ye ? by the Fruit ? it gives you Life 
To Knowledge: By the Threatner? look on mee, 
Mee who have touch'd and tasted, yet both live, 
And life more perfet have attaind then Fate 
Meant mee, by ventring higher then my Lot. 
Shall that be shut to Man, which to the Beast 
Is open? or will God incense his ire 
For such a petty Trespass, and not praise 
Rather your dauntless vertue, whom the pain 
Of Death denounc't, whatever thing Death be, 
Deterrd not from atchieving what might leade 
To happier life, knowledge of Good and Evil; 
Of good, how just ? of evil, if what is evil 
Be real, why not known, since easier shunnd ? 
God therefore cannot hurt ye, and be just ■ 
Not just not God not feard then nor obe d 
\ our feare t self of Death removes the feare 
\\ hy the was h s, fo 1 id ? Why but to a ve 
■^ly but to keep je low and ignorant 
Hs Viorshppers he knows that n the day 
Ye Bate thereof your Eyes that seem so deere. 
Vet are but dim, shall perfetly be then 
Op'nd and cleerd, and ye shall be as Gods, 
Knowing both Good and Evil as they know. 
That ye should be as Gods, since I as Man, 
Internal Man, is but proportion meet, 
I of brute human, yee of human Gods. 
So ye shall die perhaps, by putting off 
Human, to put on Gods, death to be wisht. 
Though threat'nd, which no worse then this can bi 
And what are Gods that Man may not become 
(368) 



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■ IX,] Taradise Lost. 

As they, participating God-like food ? 
The Gods are first, and that advantage use 
On our belief, that all from them proceeds; 
I qiiestion it, for this fair Earth I see, 
Warm'd by the Sun, producing every kind. 
Them notiiing : If they all things, who enclos'd 
Knowledge of Good and Evil in this Tree, 
That whoso eats thereof, forthwith attains 
Wisdom without their leave? and wherein lies 
Th' offence, that Man should thus attain to know? 
What can your knowledge hurt him, or this Tree 
Impart against his will if all be his? 
Or is it envie, and can envie dwell 
In heav'nly brests? these, these and many more 
Causes import your need of this fair Fruit. 
Goddess humane, reach then, and freely taste. 
He ended, and his words replete with guile 



Into her heart 


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Taradise Lost. 



Forbids us good, forbids us to be wise? 
Such prohibitions binde not But if Death 
Bind us with after-bands, what profits then 
Our inward freedom? In the day we eate 
Of this fair Fruit, our doom is, we shall die. 
How dies the Serpent ? hee hath eat'n and lives, 
And knows, and speaks, and reasons, and discernes, 
Irrational till then. For us alone 
Was death invented? or to us deni'd 
This intellectual food, for beasts reserv'd? 
For Beasts it seems : yet that one Beast which first 
Hath tasted, envies not, but brings with joy 
The good befall'n him, Author unsuspect, 
Friendly to man, farr from deceit or guile. 
What fear I then, rather what know to feare 
Under this ignorance of Good and Evil, 
Of God or Death, of T^w or Penaltie ? 
Here grows the Cure of all, this Fruit Divine, 
Fair to the Eye, inviting to the Taste, 
Of vertue to make wise : what hinders then 
To reach, and feed at once both Bodie and Mind? 
^So saying, her rash hand in evil hour 
Forth reaching to the Fruit, she pluck'd, she eat : 
Earth felt the wound, and Nature from her seat 
S^hing through all her Works gave signs of woe. 
That all was lost.) Back to the Thicket slunk 
The guiltie Serpent, and well might, for Eve 
Intent now wholly on her taste, naught else 
Regarded, such delight till then, as seemd, 
In Fruit she never tasted, whether true 
Or fansied so, through expectation high 
Of knowledg, nor was God-head from her thought. 
Greedily she ingorg'd without restraint, 
And knew not eating Death : Satiate at length, 
■ And hight'nd as with Wine, jocond and boon, 
Thus to her self she pleasingly began. 

0' Sovran, vertuous, precious of all Trees 
In Paradise, of operation blest 
To Sapience, hitherto obscur'd, infam'd. 
And thy fair Fruit let hang, as to no end 
Created; but henceforth my early care. 
Not without Song, each Morning, and due praise 



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:.ixo 'Paradise Lost. 

Shall tend iheej and the fertil burden ease 

Of thy full branches offer'd free to all ; 

Till dieted by thee I grow mature 

In knowledge, as the Gods who all things know; 

Though others envie what they cannot give; 

For had the gift bin theirs, it had not here 

Thus grown. Experience, next to thee I owe, 

Best guide ; not following thee, I had remaind 

In Ignorance thou op nst ^\ isdoms way 

And givst access though secret ihe retire 

And I perhaps am secret Hea\ n is high 

High and remote to see from thence distinct 

Each thing on Earth and other care perhaps 

May ha^e diverted from continual watch 

Our great Forbidder safe with all his bpies 

About him But to Adam in what sort 

hhall I ippeer'' shall I to him niike known 

\s jet my change and gi\e him to partake 

Full happiness with niee or rither not 

But keep the odds of Knowledge m m> power 

^\ithout Copartner? so to add what wants Q 

In liemal bex, the more to draw his Lom., ^y 

And render me more equal, and perhaps, 

A thing not undesireable, somtime 

Superior; for inferior who is free? 

This may be weU : but what if God have seen 

And Death ensue ? then I shall be no more, 

And Adam wedded to another £ve. 

Shall live with her enjoying. I extinct; 

A death to think. Confirm d then I resoUe, 

Adam shall share with me in bliss or woe 

So dear I love him, that with him all deaths 

I could endure, without him live no life 

So saying, from the Tree her step she turnd, 
But first low Reverence don as to the power 
That dwelt within, whose presence had mfusd 
Into the plant sciential sap den\ d 
From Nectar, drink of Gods 4dam the while 
Waiting desirous her return had wo^e 
Of choicest Flours a Garland to adorne 
Her Tresses, and her ruril labours crown 
As Reapers, oft are wont thir Harvest Queen 



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Taradtse Lost. Cb 

Great joy he promis'd to his thoughts, and new 
Solace in her return, so long delay'd; 
Yet oft his heart, divine of somthing ill. 
Misgave him; hee the faultring measure felt; 
And forth to meet her went, the way she took 
That Morn when first they parted; by the Tree 
Of Knowledge he must pass, there he her met, 
Scarse from the Tree returning; in her hand 
A bough of fairest fruit that downie smil'd. 
New gatherd, and ambrosial smell diffus'd. 
To him she hasted, in her face excuse 
Came Prologue, and Apologie to prompt, 
Which with bland words at will she thus addresL 

Hast thou not wonderd, Adam, at my stay ? 
Thee I have misst, and thought it long, depriv'd 
Thy presence, agonie of love till now 
Not felt, nor shall be twice, for never more 
Mean I to trie, what rash untri'd I sought. 
The paine of absence from thy sight. But strange 
Hath bin the cause, and wonderful to heare : 
This Tree is not as we are told, a Tree 
Of danger tasted, nor to evil unknown 
Op'ning the way, but of Divine effect 
To open Eyes, and make them Gods who taste ; 
And hath bin tasted such : the Serpent wise, 
Or not restraind as wee, or not obeying. 
Hath eat'n of the fruit, and is become. 
Not dead, as we are threatn'd, but thenceforth 
Endu'd with human voice and human sense, 
Reasoning to admiration, and with mee 
Perswasively hath so prevaild, that I 
Have also tasted, and have also found 
Th' eifects to correspond, opener mine Eyes 
Dimm erst, dilated Spirits, ampler Heart, 
And growing up to Godhead ; which for thee 
Chiefly I sought, without thee can despise. 
For bliss, as thou hast part, to me is bliss. 
Tedious, unshar'd with thee, and odious soon. 
Thou therfore also taste, that equal Lot 
May joyne us, equal Joy, as equal Love; 
Least thou not tasting, different degree 
Disjoyne us, and I then too late renounce 
(3!") 



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-BK.ix.] -Taradise Lost. 

Deitie for thee when Fate will not permit. 

Thus Eve with Coutittiance blthe her stone told; 
But in her Cheek di'itemper flishng glowd. 
On th' other side 4iam soon a<! he heard 
The fatal Trespass done hy E e tmaz'd, 
Astonied stood ind Blank while horror chill 
Ran through hs veins ind ill his joynts relax'd ; 
From his slack hand the Garland wreath'd for Mve 
Down drop'd, and ail the faded Roses shed : 
Speechless he 'Jtood and pile till thus at length 
First to himself he inward silence hroke. 

O fairest of Creation last and best 
Of all Gods Works Creature n whom excell'd 
Whatever can to sight or thought be formd, 
Holy, divine, good amiable or sweet ! 
How art thou lost how on i sudden lost, 
Defac't, deflourd and now to Death devote? 
Rather how ha.'X thou \eelded to transgress 
The strict forbiddance, how to violate 
The sacred Fruit forbidd'n ! som cursed fraud 
Of Enemie hath beguil'd thee, yet unknown. 
And mee with thee hath ruind, for with thee 
. Certain my resolution is to Die ; 
How can 1 live without thee, how forgoe 
Thy sweet Converse and Love so dearly joyn'd. 
To live again in these wilde Woods forlorn? 
Should God create another Eve, and I 
Another Rib afford, yet loss of thee 
Would never from my heart; no no, I feel 
The Link of Nature draw me : Flesh of Flesh, 
Bone of my Bone thou art, and from thy State 
Mine never shall be parted, bliss or woe. 

So having said, as one from sad dismay 
Recomforted, and after thoughts disturbd 
Submitting to what seemd remediless. 
Thus in calme mood his Words to Eve he tumd. 

Bold deed thou hast presum'd, adventrous Eve 
And peril great provok't, who thus hast dar'd 
Had it bin onely coveting to Eye 
That sacred Fruit, sacred to abstinence. 
Much more to taste it under banne to touch. 
922 hast] hath iS-j^ 
(373) 



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-Taradise Lost. [bk. 

But past who can recall, or don undoe? 

Not God Omnipotent, nor Fate, yet so 

Perhaps thou shalt not Die, perhaps the Fact 

Is not so hainous now, foretasted Fruit, 

Profan'd first by the Serpent, by him first 

Made common and unhallowd ere our taste ; 

Nor yet on him found deadly, he yet lives. 

Lives, as thou saidst, and gaines to Hve as Man 

Higher degree of Life, inducement strong 

To us, as likely tasting to attaine 

Proportional ascent, which cannot be 

But to be Gods, or Angels Demi-gods. 

Nor can I think that God, Creator wise. 

Though threatning, will in earnest so destroy 

"Us his prime Creatures, dignifi'd so high. 

Set over all his Works, which in our Fall, 

For us created, needs with us must faile. 

Dependent made ; so God shall uncreate, 

Be frustrate, do, undo, and labour loose, 

Not well conceav'd of God, who though his Power 

Creation could repeate, yet would be loath 

Us to abolish, least the Adversary 

Triumph and say; Fickle their State whom God 

Most Favors, who can please him long ? Mee first 

He ruind, now Mankind; whom will he next? 

Matter of scorne, not to be given the Foe. 

However I with thee have fixt my Lot, 

Certain to undergoe like doom, if Death 

Consort with thee, Death is to mee as Life; 

So forcible within my heart I feel 

The Bond of Nature draw me to my owne. 

My own in thee, for what thou art is mine; 

Our State cannot be severd, we are one. 

One Flesh; to loose thee were to loose my self 

So Adam, and thus Eve to him repli'd. 
glorious trial of exceeding Love, 
Illustrious evidence, example high ! 
Ingaging me to emulate, but short 
Of thy perfection, how shall I attaine, 
Adam, from whose deare side I boast me sprung, 
And gladly of our Union heare thee speak, 
One Heart, one Soul in both ; whereof good prooff 
(374) 



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- IX.] ^Paradise Lost. 

This day affords, declaring thee resolvdi 

Rather then Death or aught then Death more dread 

Shall separate us, linkt in Love so deare, 

To undergoe with mee one Guilt, one Crime, 

If any be, of tasting this fair Fruit, 

Whose vertne, for of good still good proceeds. 

Direct, or by occasion hath presented 

This happie trial of thy Love, which else 

So eminently never had bin known. 

Were it I thought Death menac't would ensue 

This my attempt, I would sustain alone 

The worst, and not perswade thee, rather die 

Deserted, then oblige thee with a fact 

Pernicious to thy Peace, chiefly assur'd 

Remarkably so late of thy so true. 

So faithful Love unequald; but I feel 

Farr otherwise th' event, not Death, but Life 

Augmented, op'nd Eyes, new Hopes, new Joyes, 

Taste so Divine, that what of sweet before 

Hath toucht my sense, flat seems to this, and harsh. 

On my experience, Adam, freely taste. 

And fear of Death deliver to the Windes. 

So saying, she embrac'd him, and for joy 
Tenderly wept, much won that he his Love 
Had so enobl'd, as of choice to incurr 
Divine displeasure for her sake, or Death. 
In recompence (for such compliance bad 
Such recompence best merits) from the bough 
She gave him of that fair enticing Fruit 
With liberal hand ; he scrupl'd not to eat 
Against his better knowledge, not deceav'd. 
But fondly overcome with Femal charm. 
Earth trembl'd from her entrails, as again 
In pangs, and Nature gave a second groan, 
Skie lowr'd, and muttering Thunder, som sad drops 
Wept at compleating of the mortal Sin 
Original ; while Adam took no thought. 
Eating his fill, nor Eve to iterate 
Her former trespass fear'd, the more to soothe 
Him with her lov'd societie, that now 
As with new Wine intoxicated both 
They swim in mirth, and fansie that they fee! 
(S7S) 



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Taradtse Lost. [ek. ix. 



Divinitie within them breeding wings 

Wherewith to scorn the Earth : but that false Fruit 

Farr other operation first displaid, 

Carnal desire enflaming, hee on Eve 

Began to cast lascivious Eyes, she him 

As wantonly repaid ; in Lust they burne : 

Till Adam thus 'gan Eve to dalliance move. 

Eve, now I see thou art exact of taste, 
And elegant, of Sapience no small part, 
Since to each meaning savour we apply. 
And Palate call judicious; I the praise 
Yeild thee, so well this &s.y thou hast puivey'd. 
Much pleasure we have lost, while we ahstain'd 
From this delightful Fruit, nor known till now 
True relish, tasting; if such pleasure be 
In things to us forbidden, it might be wish'd, 
For this one Tree had bin forbidden ten. 
But come, so well refresh'!, now let us play, 
As meet is, after such delicious Fare ; 
For never did thy Beautie since the day 
I saw thee first and wedded thee, adom'd 
With all perfections, so enflame my sense 
With ardor to enjoy thee, fairer now 
Than ever, bountie of this vertuous Tree. 

So said he, and forbore not glance or toy 
Of amorous intent, well understood 
Of Sve, whose Eye darted contagious Fire. 
Her hand he seis'd, and to a shadie bank, 
Thick overhead with verdant roof imbowr'd 
He led h th g 1 th t! th Couch, 

Pansie and \ It a d A pi d 1 
And Hy th E th f h t ft t 1 p 
There h > th fill f L d L d p rt 

Took 1 g 1> f th m tu I on It th S ale 
The s 1 f th n till d 1 p 

Oppre d th m wea d th th m play. 

Soon th f f th t f 11 Ft 

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About h pthdpld d mtpwrs 
Made err wild d g 1 p 

Bred f k dl> f m \ d is 

Encumb d hdlflthm pthy 

(376) 



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.IX.] Taradise Lost. 

As from unrest, and each the other viewing. 

Soon found thir Eyes how op'nd, and thir minds 

How dark'nd ; innocence, that as a veile 

Had shadow'd them from knowing ill, was gon, 

Just confidence, and native righteousness, 

And honour from about them, naked left 

To guiltie shame hee cover'd, but his Robe 

Uncover'd more. So rose the Danite strong 

Herculean Samson from the Harlot-lap 

Of Philisiean Dalilah, and wak'd 

Shorn of his strength. They destitute and bare 

Of all thir vertue ; silent, and in face 

Confounded long they sate, as struck'n mute. 

Till Adam, though not less then Eve abasht. 

At length gave utterance to these words constraind. 

O Eve, in evil hour thou didst give eare 
To that false Worm, of whomsoever taught 
To counterfet Mans voice, true in our Fall, 
False in our promis'd Rising ; since our Eyes 
Op'nd we find indeed, and find we know 
Both Good and Evil, Good lost, and Evil got. 
Bad Fruit of Knowledge, if this be to know. 
Which leaves us naked thus, of Honour void, 
Of Innocence, of Faith, of Puritie, 
Our wonted Ornaments now soild and staind, 
And in bur Faces evident the signes 
Of foul concupiscence ; whence evil store ; 
Even shame, the last of evils ; of the first 
Be sure then. How shall I behold the face 
Henceforth of God or Angel, earst with joy 
And rapture so oft beheld ? those heav'nly shapes 
Will dazle now this earthly, with thir blaze 
Insufferably bright. O might I here 
In solitude live savage, in some glade 
Obscur'd, where highest Woods impenetrable 
To Starr or Sun-light, spread thir umbrage broad, 
And brown as Evening: Cover me ye Pines, 
Ye Cedars, with innumerable boughs 
Hide me, where I may never see them more. 
But let us now, as in bad plight, devise 
What best may for the present serve to hide 
The Parts of each from other, that seem most 



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Taradise Lost. [ek, 

To shame obnoxious, and unseemliest seen, 

Some Tree whose broad smooth Leaves together sowd, 

And girded on our loyns, may cover round 

Those middle parts, that this new commer, Shame, 

There sit not, and reproach us as unclean. 

So counsel'd hee, and both together went 
Into the thickest Wood, there soon they chose i 

The Figtree, not that kind for Fruit renown'd, 
But such as at this day to Indians known 
In Malabar or Decan spreds her Armes 
Braunching so broad and long, that in the ground 
The bended Twigs take root, and Daughters grow 
About the Mother Tree, a Pillard shade 
High overarch't, and echoing Walks between ; 
There oft the Indian Herdsman shunning heate 
Shelters in coole, and tends his pasturing Herds 
At Loopholes cut through thickest shade : Those Leaves r 
They gatherd, broad as Amazonian Targe, 
And with what skill they had, together sowd, 
To gird thir waste, vain Covering if to hide 
Thir guilt and dreaded shame; O how unlike 
To that first naked Glorie. Such of late 
Columbus found th' American so girt 
With featherd Cincture, naked else and wilde 
Among the Trees on lies and woodie Shores. 
Thus fenc't, and as they thought, thir shame in part 
Coverd, buf not at rest or ease of Mind, i 

They sate them down to weep, nor onely Teares 
Raind at thir Eyes, but high Winds worse within 
Began to rise, high Passions, Anger, Hate, 
Mistrust, Suspicion, Discord, and shook sore 
Thir inward State of Mind, calme Region once 
And full of Peace, now tost and turbulent : 
For Understanding rul'd not, and the Will 
Heard not her lore, both in subjection now 
To sensual Appetite, who from beneathe 
Usurping over sovran Reason claimd i 

Superior sway : From thus distemperd brest, 
Adam, estrang'd in look and alterd stile. 
Speech intermitted thus to Eve renewd. 

Would thou hadst heark'nd to my words, & stai'd 
With me, as I besought thee, when that strange 
(378) 



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Mxj "Paradise Lost. 

Desire of wandring this unhappie Mora, 

I know not whence possessd thee; we had then 

Remaind still happie, not as now, despoild 

Of all our good, sham'd, naked, miserable. 

Let none henceforth seek needless cause to approve ii4' 

The Faith they owe ; when earnestly they seek 

Such proof, conclude, they then begin to faile. 

To whom soon mov'd with touch of blame thus Eve. 
Wha d h las hy 1 p 4</ e, 

Impu h h d f 1 11 

Of w d h 11 h h h knows 

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Or t hy if pe h p h d h b he. 
Or h h P h Id h discernd 

Fraud h S p p k g h pal , 115 

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Why h Id m 1 k h rme. 

Was I p d ft hy d ? 

As g d h gr h II 1 1 

Being I hy d d h h 

Com d m b 1 1 g 

Going h d h d ? 

Too flh hdd hgsay 

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To h h fi Ad pi d 

Is th h 1 hi mp 

Of n h f 1 .£ p 

Imm bl h h 1 I 

Who m gh h Id d J d m I bl 
Yet 11 gl 1 h D h h h 

And I pb d d IS h 

Of thy g g? h 

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I wa d h I dm hd h f Id 
The d g d h k g E 

That 1 y b d h h d b f 

And f p f U 11 h h h pi 

But fid h b h ecur 

Eith d g d 

Mat f g 1 d pe h p 

(J79) 



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'Paradise Lost. 



1 also err'd in overmuch admiring 

What seemd in thee so perfet, that I thought 

No evil durst attempt thee, but I rue 

That errour now, which is become my crime, 

And thou th' accuser. Thus it shall befalr*"^ | 

Him who to worth in Women overtrusting \ 

Lets her Will rule ; restraint she will not brook, / 

And left to her self, if evil thence ensue, / 

Shee first his weak indulgence will accuse.__^^^ 

Thus they in mutual accusation spent 
The fruitless hours, but neither self-condemning. 
And of thir vain contest appeer'd no end. 



The End of the Ninth Book. 



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PARADISE LOST. 
BOOK X. 

THE ARGUMENT. 

Mans transgression known, ike Guardian Angels forsake Paradise, 
and return up to Heaven to approve tkir vigilance, and are approi/d, 
God declaring tkdt The entrance of Satan could net be *y them 
prevented. He sends his Son to judge the Transgressors, who descends 
and gives Sentence accordingly j then in pity doatks them both, and 
reascends. -Sin and Death sitting till then at the Gates of Hell, by 



and the sin by Man there committed, resolve to sit no longer con/in'd in 
Hell, but t$ follow Satan thir Sire i^ to the place of Man : To make 
the way easier from Hell to this World to and fro, they pave a broad 
High-way or Bridge over Chaos, according to the Track thai Satan 
first made'j then preparing for Earth, they meet him proud of his 
success returning to Hell; thir mutual gratuloHon. Satan arrives at 
PaJidenionium, in full assembly relates with boasting his success 
against Man; instead of applause is erUertmrud with a general hiss by 
Ml his audience, transform d with himself also suddenly into Serpents, 
according to his doom giv'n in Paradise; then deluded with 
a shew of the forbidden Tree springing up before them, they greedily 
reaching to take of the Fruit, chew dust and bitter ashes. The 
proceeMngs o/'Sin ani/ Death; Godforetels the final Victory of his 
Son over them, and the renewing of ail things; but for the present 
commands his Angels to make several alterations in tM Heavens and 
Elements. Adam more and more perceiving Msfal^n condition heavily 
bewailes, rejects the condolement of Eve; she persists and at length 
appeases him : then to evade the Curse likely to fall on thir Of spring, 
proposes to Adam violent wayes, which he approves not, but conceiving 
better hope, pats her in mind of the late Promise made them, that her 
Seed should be reveng'd on the Serpent, and exhorts her with him to 
seek Peace of the offended Deity, by repentance and supplication. 



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Taradise Lost. [bk.x. 

Meanwhile the hainous and despightfuli act 
Of Satan done in Paradise, and how 
Hee in the Serpent had perverted Eve, 
Her Husband shee, to taste the fatall fruit, 
Was known in Heav'n ; for what can scape the Eye 
Of God All-seeing, or deceave his Heart 
Omniscient, who in all things wise and just, 
Hinder'd not Satan to attempt the minde 
Of Man, wkh strength entire, and free Will arm'd. 
Complete to have discover'd and repulst lo 

Whatever wiles of Foe or seeming Friend. 
For still they knew, and ought to have still remember'd 
The high Injunction not to taste that Fruit, 
Whoever tempted ; which they not obeying, 
Incurr'd, what could they less, the penaltie, 
And manifold in sin, deserv'd to fall. 
Up into Heav'n from Paradise in hast 
Th' Angehc Guards ascended, mute and sad 
For Man, for of his state by this they knew, 
Much wondring how the suttle Fiend had stoln 20 

Entmnce unseen. Soon as th' unwelcome news 
From Earth arriv'd at Heaven Gate, displeas'd 
All were who heard, dim sadness did not spare 
That time Celestial visages, yet mixt 
With pitie, violated not thir bliss. 
About the new-arriv'd, in multitudes 
Th' ethereal People ran, to hear and know 
How all befell : they towards the Throne Supream 
Accountable made haste to make appear 
With righteous plea, thir utmost vigilance, 30 

And easily approv'd; when the most High 
Eternal Father from his secret Cloud, 
Amidst in Thunder utter'd thus his voice. 

Assembl'd Angels, and ye Powers return'd 
From unsuccessful charge, be not dismaid. 
Nor troubl'd at these tidings from the Earth, 
Which your sincerest care could not prevent. 
Foretold so lately what would come to pass, 
When first this Tempter cross'd the Gulf from Hell 
I told ye then he should prevail and speed 40 

On his bad Errand, Man should be seduc't 
And flatter'd out of all, believing lies 

(3S") 



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. X.] Taradise Lost. 

Against his Maker ; no Decree of mine 

Concurring to necessitate his Fall, 

Or touch with lightest moment of impulse 

His free Will, to her own inclining left 

In even scale. But fall'n he is, and now 

What rests, but that the mortal Sentence pass 

On his transgression, Death denounc't that day. 

Which he presumes already vain and void, 

Because not yet inflicted, as he fear'd. 

By some immediate stroak ; but soon shall find. 

Forbearance no acquittance ere day end. 

Justice shall not return as bountie scorn'd. 

But whom send I to judge themP whom but thee 

Vicegerent Son, to thee I have transferr'd 

All Judgement, whether in Heav'n, or Earth, or Hell, 

Easie it may be seen that I intend 

Mercie collegue with Justice, sending thee 

Mans Friend, his Mediator, his design'd 

Both Ransom, and Redeemer voluntarie, 

And destin'd Man himself to judge Man fall'n. 

So spake the Father, and unfoulding bright 
Toward the right h3i\d his Glorie, on the Son 
Blaz'd forth unclouded Deitie; he full 
Resplendent all his Father manifest 
Express'd, and thus divinely answer'd milde. 

Father Eternal, thine is to decree, 
Mine both in Heav'n and Earth to do thy will 
Supr'eam, that thou in mee thy Son belov'd ; 

Mayst ever rest wel! pleas'd. I go to judge 
On Earth these thy transgressors, but thou knowst. 
Whoever judg'd, the worst on mee must light, 
When time shall be, for so I undertook 
Before thee ; and not repenting, this obtaine 
Of right, that I may mitigate thir doom 
On me deriv'd, yet I shall temper so 
Justice with Mercie, as may illustrate most 
Them fully satisfied, and thee ; appease. 
Attendance none shall need, nor Train, where none ) 
Are to behold the Judgement, but the judg'd. 
Those two; the third best absent is condemn'd. 
Convict by flight, and Rebel to all Law 

58 may] might 16^4 ■ ■■ ' 

(3S3) 



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Taradise Lost. Cbk. 

Conviction to the Serpent none belongs. 

Thus saying, from his radiant Seat he rose 
Of high collateral glorie : him Thrones and Powers, 
Princedoms, and Dominations ministrant 
Accompanied to Heaven Gate, from whence 
Mden and all the Coast in prospect lay. 
Down he descended strait ; the speed of Gods 
Time counts not, though with swiftest minutes wing;'d. 
Now was the Sun in Western cadence low 
From Noon, and gentle Aires due at thJr hour 
To fan the Earth now wak'd, and usher in 
The Eevning coole when he from wrauth more coole 
Came the mild Judge and Intercessor both 
To sentence Man : the voice of God they heard 
Now walking in the Garden, by soft windes 
Brought to thir Ears, while day declin'd, they heard 
And from his presence hid themselves among 
The thickest Trees, both Man and Wife, till God 
Approaching, thus to Adam call'd aloud. 

Where art thou Adam, wont with joy to meet 
My coming seen far off? I miss thee here, 
Not pleas'd, thus entertaind with solitude. 
Where obvious dutie erewhile appear'd unsaught : 
Or come I less conspicuous, or what change 
Absents thee, or what chance detains ? Come forth. 
He came, and with him Eve, more loth, though first 
To offend, disconnt'nanc't both, and discompos'd; 
Love was not in thir looks, either to God 
Or to each other, but apparent guilt, 
And shame, and perturbation, and despaire, 
Anger, and obstinacie, and hate, and guile. 
Whence Adam faultring long, thus answer'd brief. 

I heard thee in the Garden, and of thy voice 
Affraid, being naked, hid my self. To whom 
The gracious Judge without revile repli'd. 

My voice thou oft hast heard, and hast not fear'd. 
But still rejoyc't, how is it now become 
So dreadful to thee? that thou art naked, who 
Hath told thee ? hast thou eaten of the Tree 
Whereof I gave thee charge thou shouldst not eat? 

To whom thus Adatn sore beset repli'd. 
Heav'n ! in evil strait this day I stand 
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X.] Taradlse Lost. 

Before my Judge, either to undergoe 

My self the total Crime, or lo accuse 

My other self, the partner of my life; 

Whose failing, while her Faith to me remaines, 

I should conceal, and not expose to blame 

By:my complaint; but strict necessitie 

Subdues me, and calamitous constraint, 

Least on my head both sin and punishment, 

However insupportable, be al! 

Devolv'd; though should I hold my peace, yet thou 

Wouldst easily detect what I conceale. 

This Woman whom thou mad'st to be my help. 

And gav'st me as thy perfet gift, so good, 

So fit, so acceptable, so Divine, 

That from her hand I could suspect no ill. 

And what she did, whatever in it self. 

Her doing seem'd to justifie the deed ; 

Shee gave me of the Tree, and I did eate. 

To 1 m h P h pl'd 

Wash hyGdb h h dd by 
Befor h h d 1 > g de, 

Super b qua! b h 

Thou d d by M h d d h Ilace 

Wher C d h b h d bee, 



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h p f f Ud 


Hers 11 


Id \d d 


She d 


d d 1 ly 


Thy L 


b b] d h G ft 


Were h 


d G 11 d 


Unse mly 


b 1 h 1 as by p rt 


And p rs 


Id h k by If ar gl 


So h g 


d h h E f 


Say W m 


h h h h h h d 


To h 


^ E 1 h gh 


Conf g oo b f 1 J d 


Bold 1 q 


h ba.h pi d 


Th I 


b Id d I dd 


Wh h h 


h d C d h d h 


To J d 


h p d d h d 


Serpe h 


lb bl f 


The G I 


h h d h 


Of m I f 


d r 11 d f 1 d 


(385) 


c , 



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Taradise Lost. [bk. 

Of his Creation; justly then accurst, 

As vitiated in Nature ; more to know 

Concern'd not Man (since he no further knew) 

Nor alter'd his offence ; yet God at last 

To Satan first in sin his doom apply'd 

Though in mysterious terms, judg'd as then best: 

And on the Serpent thus his curse let fail. 

Because thou hast done this, thou art accurst 
Above all Cattel, each Beast of the Field ; 
Upon thy Belly groveling thou shalt goe, 
And dust shalt eat all the days of thy Life. 
Between Thee and the Woman I will put 
Enmitie, and between thine and her Seed; 
Her Seed shall bruise thy head, thou bruise his heel. 

So spake this Oracle, then verifi'd 
When Jesus son of Mary second Eve, 
Saw Satan fall like Lightning down from Heav'ti, 
Prince of the '\.ire, then rising from his Grave 
Spoild Principalities and Powers, triumpht 
In open shew, and with ascention bright 
Captivity led captive through the Aire, 
The Realme it self of Satan long usurpt. 
Whom he shall tread at last under our feet; 
Eevn hee who now foretold his fatal bruise, 
And to the Woman thus his Sentence turn'd. 

Thy sorrow I will greatly multiplie 
By thy Conception; Childern thou shalt bring 
In sorrow forth, and to thy Husbands wiir '~~C 
Thine shall submit, hee over thee shall rule. _^__J? 

On Adam last thus judgement he pronounc'ffr'''^ 
Because thou hast heark'nd to the voice of thy Wife, 
And eaten of the Tree concerning which 
I charg'd thee, saying: Thou shalt not eate thereof, 
Curs'd is the ground for thy sake, thou in sorrow 
Shalt eate thereof all the days of thy Life ; 
Thornes also and Thistles it shall bring thee forth 
Unbid, and thou shalt eate th' Herb of th' Field, 
In the sweat of thy Face shalt thou eate Bread, 
Till thou return unto the ground, for thou 
Out of the ground wast taken, know thy Birth, 
For dust thou art, and shalt to dust returne. 

So judg'd he Man, both Judge and Saviour sent, 
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X.] Taradise Lost. 

And th' instant stroke of Death denounc't that day 

Remov'd farr off; then pittying how they stood 

Before him naked to the aire, that now 

Must suffer change, disdain'd not to begin 

Thenceforth the forme of servant to assume, 

As when he wash'd his servants feet, so now 

As Father of his Familie he clad 

Thir nakedness with Skins of Beasts, or slain, 

Or as the Snake with youthful Coate repaid; 

And thought not much to doath his Enemies: 

Nor hee thir outward onely with the Skins 

Of Beasts, but inward nakedness, much more ■ 

Opprobrious, with his Robe of righteousness, 

Araying cover'd from his Fathers sight. 

To him with swift ascent he up return'd, 

Into his blissful bosom reassum'd 

In glory as of old, to him appeas'd 

All, though all-knowing, what had past with Man 

Recounted, mixing intercession sweet. 

Meanwhile ere thus was sin'd and judg'd on Earth, 

Within the Gates of Hel! sate Sin and Death, 

In counterview within the Gates, that now 

Stood open wide, belching outrageous flame 

Farr into Chaos, since the Fiend pass'd through. 

Sin opening, who thus now to Death began. 

O Son, why sit we here each other viewing 
Idlely, while Satan our great Author thrives 
In other Worlds, and happier Seat provides 
For us his ofspring deare? It cannot be 
But that success attends him ; if mishap. 
Ere this he had return'd, with fury driv'n 
By his Avenger, since no place like this 
Can fit his punishment, or their revenge. 
Methinks I feel new strength within me rise. 
Wings growing, and Dominion giv'n me large 
Beyond this Deep; whatever drawes me on, 
Or sympathie, or som connatural force 
Powerful at greatest distance to unite 
With secret amity things of like kinde 
By secretest conveyance. Thou my Shade 
Inseparable must with mee along ; 

241 Avenger] Avengers 16^4 
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Taradise Lost. [bi 

For Death from Sin no power can separate. 
But least the difficultie of passing back 
Stay his returne perhaps over this Gulfe 
Impassable, impervious, let us try 
Adventrous work, yet to thy power and mine 
Not unagreeable, to found a path 
Over this Maine from Hell to that new World 
Where Satan now prevailes, a Monument 
Of merit high to all th' infernal Host, 
Easing thir passage hence, for intercourse, 
Or transmigration, as thir lot shall lead. 
Nor can I miss the way, so strongly drawn 
By this new felt attraction and instinct. 

Whom thus the meager Shadow answerd soon. 
Goe whither Fate and inclination strong 
Leads thee, I shall not lag behinde, nor erre 
T!ie way, thou leading, such a sent I draw 
Of carnage, prey innumerable, and taste 
The savour of Death from all things there that live ; 
Nor shall I to the work thou enterprises! 
Be wanting, but afford thee equal aid. 

So saying, with delight he snuffd the smell 
Of mortal change on Earth As when a flock 
Of ravenous Fowl, though many a League remote. 
Against the day of Battel, to a Field, 
Where Armies lie encampt, come fljmg, lur'd 
With sent of living Carcasses design d 
For death, the foUowmg day, m bloodie fight 
So sented the grim Feature, and upturn'd 
His Nostril wide into the murkie Air, 
Sagacious of his Quarrey from so farr. 
Then Both from out Hell Gates into the waste 
Wide Anarchic of Chaos damp and darlc 
Flew divers, & with Power (thir Power was great) 
Hovering upon the Waters ; what they met 
Solid or shmie, as in raging Sea 
Tost up and down, together crowded drove 
From each side shoaling towards the mouth of Hell 
As when two Polar Winds blowing adverse 
Upon the Cronian Sea, together drive 
Mountains of Ice, that stop th' imagin'd way 
Beyond Feisora Eastward, to the rich 
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• x.] "Paradise Lost. 

Catkaian Coast The aggregated Soyle 
Death with his Mace petrific, cold and drj', 
As with a Trident smote, and fix't as firm 
As Delos floating once; the rest his look 
Bound with Gorgonian rigor not to move, 
And with Asphaltic slime ; broad as the Gate, 
Deep to the Roots of Hell the gather'd beach 
They fasten'd, and the Mole immense wraught on 
Over the foaming deep high Archt, a Bridge 
Of length prodigious joyning to the Wall 
Immoveable of this now fenceless world 
Forfeit to Death; from hence a passage broad. 
Smooth, easie, inoffensive down to Hell, 
So, if great things to small may be compar'd, 
Xerxes, the Libertie of Greece to yoke. 
From Susa his Memnonian Palace high 
Came to the Sea, and over Hellespont 
Bridging his way, Europe with Asia joyn'd, 
And scourg'd wilii many a stroak th' indignant waves 
Now had they brought the work by wondrous Art 
Pontifical, a ridge of pendent Rock 
Over the vext Abyss, following the track 
Of Satan, to the self same place where hee 
First lighted from his Wing, and landed safe 
From out of Chaos to the outside bare 
Of this round World ; with Finns of Adamant 
And Chains they made all fast, too fast they made 
And durable ; and now in little space 
The Confines met of Empyrean Heav'n 
And of this World, and on the left hand Hel! 
With long reach interpos'd ; three sev'ral wayes 
In sight, to each of these three places Jed. 
And now thir way to Earth they had descri'd. 
To Paradise first tending, when behold 
Satan' in likeness of an Angel bright 
Betwixt the Ceniaure and the Scorpion stearing 
His Zenith, while the Sun in Aries rose : 
Disguis'd he came, but those his Childem dear 
Thir Parent soon discern'd, though in disguise. 
Hee, after £ve seduc't, unminded slunk 
Into the Wood fast by, and changing shape 
To observe the sequel, saw his guileful act 
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'Paradise Lost. iibk.x. 

By Eve, though aJI unweeting, seconded 

Upon her Husband, saw thir shame that sought 

Vain covertures ; but when he saw descend 

The Son of God to judge them, terrifi'd 

Hee fled, not hoping to escape, but shun 

The present, fearing guiltie what his wrauth 340 

Might suddenly inflict ; that past, return'd 

By Night, and listning where the hapless Paire 

Sate in thir sad discourse, and various plaint. 

Thence gatherd his own doom, which understood 

Not instant, but of future time. With joy 

And tidings fraught, to Hell he now return'd. 

And at the brink of Chaos, neer the foot 

Of this new wondrous Pontifice, unhop't 

Met who to meet him came, his Ofspring dear. 

Great joy was at thir meeting, and at sight 350 

Of that stupendioiis Bridge his joy encreas'd. 

Long hee admiring stood, till Sin, his faire 

Inchanting Daughter, thus the silence broke. 

O Parent, these are thy magnific deeds. 
Thy Trophies, which thou view's! as not thine own. 
Thou art thir Author and prime Architect ; 
For I no sooner in my Heart divin'd, 
My Heart, which by a secret harmonie 
Still moves with thine, joyn'd in connexion sweet. 
That thou on Earth hadst prosper'd, which thy looks 360 
Now also evidence, but straight I felt 
Though distant from thee Worlds between, yet felt 
That I must after thee with this thy Son; 
Such fatal consequence unites us three ; 
Hel! could no longer hold us in her bounds. 
Nor this unvoyageable Gulf obscure 
Detain from following thy illustrious track. 
Thou hast atchiev'd our libertie, confin'd 
Within Hell Gates till now, thou us impow'rd 
To fortifie thus farr, and overlay 37° 

With this portentous Bridge the dark Abyss. 
Thine now is all this World, thy vertue hath won 
What thy hands builded not, thy Wisdom gain'd 
With odds what Warr hath lost, and fully aveng'd 
Our foile in Heav'n ; here thou shalt Monarch reign, 
There didst not; there let him still Victor sway, 
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■ X.] 'Paradise Lost. 

As Battel hath adjudg'd, from this new World 

Retiring, by his own doom alienated, 

And henceforth Monarchic with thee divide 

Of all things, parted by th' Empyreal bounds, 

His Quadrature, from thy Orbicular World, 

Or trie thee now more dang'rous to his Throne. 

Whom thus the Prince of Darkness answerd glad. 
Fair Daughter, and thou Son and Grandchild both, 
High proof ye now have giv'n to be the Race/^ 
Of Satan (for I glorie in the name, ^^^^ 
Antagonist of Heav'ns Almightie King) 
Amply have merited of me, of all 
Th' Infernal Empire, that so neer Heav'ns dore 
Triumphal with triumphal act have met, 
Mine with this glorious Work, & made one Realm 
Hell and this World, one Realm, one Continent 
Of easie thorough -fare. Therefore while I 
Descend through Darkness, on your Rode with ease 
To my associate Powers, them to acquaint 
With these successes, and with them rejoyce. 
You two this way, among those numerous Orbs 
All yours, right down to Paradise descend; 
There dwell & Reign in bliss, thence on the Earth 
Dominion exercise and in the Aire, 
Chiefly on Man, sole Lord of all declar'd, 
Him first make sure your thrall, and lastly kill 
My Substitutes I send ye, and Create 
Plenipotent on Earth, of matchless might 
Issuing from mee r on your joynt vigor now 
My hold of this new Kingdom all depends. 
Through Sin to Death expos'd by my exploit. 
If your joynt power prevaile, th' affaires of Hell 
No detriment need feare, goe and be strong. 

So saying he dismiss'd them, they with speed 
Thir course through thickest Constellations held 
Spreading thir bane; the blasted Starrs lookt wan, 
And Planets, Plan et-st rook, real Eclips 
Then sufferd. Th' other way Satan went down 
The Causey to Hell Gate ; on either side 
Disparted Chaos over built exclaimd, 
And with rebounding surge the barrs assaild, 
397 those] these i6-]4 



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Taradise Lost. [ek 

That scorn'd his indignation: through the Gate, 

Wide open and unguarded, Satan pass'd, 

And all about found desolate; for those 

Appointed to sit there, had left thir charge, 

Flown to the upper World ; the rest were all 

Farr to the inland retir'd, about the walls 

Of Pandemonium, Citie and proud seate 

Of Luafer so by allusion caild. 

Of that bright btarr to Satan paragond. 

There kept thir Witch the Legions, while the Grand 

In Council sate, solhcitous what chance 

Might intercept thir Emperour sent, so hee 

Departing gave command, and they observ'd. 

As when the Tartat from his Russian Foe 

By Astnuan over the Snowie Plaines 

Retires, or Bactrian Sophi from the homes 

Of Turkish Crescent, leaves all waste beyond 

The Realme of Aladuk, in his retreate 

To Tauris or Casbeen. So these the late 

Heav'n-banisht Host, left desert utmost Hell 

Many a dark League, reduc't in careful Watch 

Round thir Metropolis, and now expecting 

Each hour thir great adventurer from the search 

Of Forrein Worlds ; he through the midst unmarkt, 

In shew plebeian Angel militant 

Of lowest order, past; and from the dore 

Of that Plutonian Hall, invisible 

Ascended his high Throne, which under state 

Of richest texture spred, at th' upper end 

Was plac't in regal lustre. Down a while 

He sate, and round about him saw unseen : 

At last as from a Cloud his fulgent head 

And shape Starr-bright appeer'd, or brighter, clad 

With what permissive glory since his fall 

Was left him, or false glitter : All amaz'd 

At that so sudden blaze the Stygian throng 

Bent thir aspect, and whom they wish'd beheld, 

Thir mighty Chief returnd : loud was th' acclaime: 

Forth rush'd in haste the great consulting Peers, 

Rais'd from thir dark Divan, and with like joy 

Congratulant approach'd him, who with hand 

Silence, and with these words attention won. 

(S9") 



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■ X.] "Paradise Lost. 

Thrones, Dominations, Princedoms, Vertues, Powers, 460 
For in possession such, not onely of right, 
I call ye and declare ye now, returnd 
Successful beyond hope, to lead ye forth 
Triumphant out of this infernal Pit 
Abominable, accurst, the house of woe, 
And Dungeon of our Tyrant : Now possess, 
As Lords, a spacious World, to our native Heaven 
Little inferiour, by my adventure hard 
With peril great atcihiev'd. Long were to tell 
What I have don, what sufferd, with what paine 470 

Voyag'd th' unreal, vast, unbounded deep 
Of horrible confusion, over which 
By Sin and Death a broad way now is pav'd 
To expedite your glorious march; but I 
Toild out my uncouth passage, forc't to ride 
Th' untractable Abysse, plung'd in the womb 
Of unoriginal Nigki and Chaos wilde, 
That jealous of thir secrets fiercely oppos'd 
My journey strange, with clamorous uproare 
Protesting Fate supreame ; thence how I found ' 480 

The new created World, which fame in HeaVn 
Long had foretold, a Fabrick wonderful 
Of absolute perfection, therein Man 
Plac't in a Paradise, by our exile 
Made happie: Him by fraud I have seduc'd 
From his Creator, and the more to increase 
Your wonder, with an Apple; he thereat 
Offended, worth your laughter, hath giv'n up 
Both his beloved Man and all his World, 
To Sin and Death a prey, and so to us, 490 

Without our hazard, labour, or allarme. 
To range in, and to dwell, and over Man, 
To rule, as over all he should have rul'd. 
True is, mee also he hath judg'd, or rather 
Mee not, but the brute Serpent in whose shape 
Man I deceav'd : that which to mee belongs, 
Is enmity, which he will put between 
Mee and Mankinde; I am to bruise his heel; 
His Seed, when is not set, shall bruise my head : 
A World who would not purchase with a bruise, joo 

Or much more grievous pain? Ve have th' . 
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'Paradise Lost. Tek 

Of my performance : What remaines, ye Gods, 
But up and enter now into full bliss. 

So having said, a while he stood, expecting 
Thir universal shout and high applause 
To fill his eare, when contrary he hears 
On all sides, from innumerable tongues 
A dismal universal hiss, the sound 
Of public scorn ; he wonderd, but not long 
Had leasure, wondring at himself now more ; 
His Visage drawn he felt to sharp and spare, 
His Armes clung to his Ribs, his Leggs entwining 
Each other, till supplanted down he fell 
A monstrous Serpent on his Belly prone, 
Reluctant, but in vaine, a greater power 
Now rul'd him, punisht in the shape he sin'd. 
According to his doom : he would have spoke. 
But hiss for hiss returnd with forked tongue 
To forked tongue, for now were all transform'd 
Alike, to Serpents all as accessories 
To his bold Riot : dreadful was the din 
Of hissing through the Hall, thick swarming now 
With complicated monsters, head and taile. 
Scorpion and Asp, and AmpUsbana dire, 
Cerastes hornd, Hydrus, and EUops drear. 
And Dipsas (Not so thick swaim'd once the Soil 
Bedropt with blood of Gorgon, or the Isle 
Ophiusa) but still greatest hee the midst, 
Now Dragon grown, larger then whom the Sun 
Ingenderd in the Pythian Vale on slime, 
Huge Python, and his Power no less he seem'd 
Above the rest still to retain; they all 
Him foUow'd issuing forth to th' open Field, 
Where all yet left of that revolted Rout 
Heav'n-fall'n, in station stood or just array. 
Sublime with expectation when to see 
In Triumph issuing forth thir glorious Chief; 
They saw, but other sight instead, a crowd 
Of ugly Serpents ; horror on them fell. 
And horrid sympathie; for what they saw, 
They felt ihemselvs now changing; down thir arms, 
Down fell both Spear and Shield, down they as fast, 
And the dire hiss renew'd, and the dire form 
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BK. X.] "Paradise Lost. 

Catcht by Contagion, like in punishment, 
As in thir crime. Thus was th' applause they meant, 
Turnd to exploding hiss, triumph to shame 
Cast on themselves from thir own mouths. There stood 
A Grove hard by, sprung up with this thir change, 
His will who reigns above, to aggravate 
Thir penance, laden with fair Fruit, like that sjc 

Which grew in Paradise, the bait of Eve 
Us'd by the Tempter ; on that prospect strange 
Thir earnest eyes they fix'd, imagining 
For one forbidden Tree a multitude 
Now ris'n, to work them furder woe or shame ; 
Yet parcht with scalding thurst and hunger fierce, 
Though to delude them sent, could not abstain, 
But on they rould in heaps, and up the Trees 
Climbing, sat thicker than the snakie locks 
That curld Megwra: greedily they pluck'd 66( 

The Frutage fair to sight, like that which grew 
Neer that bituminous Lake where Sodom flam'd; 
This more delusiVe, not the touch, but taste 
Deceav'd ; they fondly thinking to allay 
Thir appetite with gust, instead of Fruit 
Chewd bitter Ashes, which th' olJended taste 
With spattering noise rejected r oft they assayd, 
Hunger and thirst constraining, drugd as oft. 
With hatefullest disrelish writh'd thir jaws 
With soot and cinders fill'd; so oft they fell s;t 

Into the same illusion, not as Man 
Whom they triumph'd once lapst. Thus were they plagu'd 
And worn with Famin, long and ceasless hiss, 
Till thir lost shape, permitted, they resum'd. 
Yearly enjoynd, some say, to undergo 
This annual humbling certain number'd days, 
To dash thir pride, and joy for Man seduc't 
However some tradition they dispers'd 
Among the Heathen of thir purchase got, 
And Fabl'd how the Serpent, whom they calld sSc 

Ophion with Eurynome, the wide- 
Encroaching Eve perhaps, had first the rule 
Of high Olympus, thence by Saturn driv'n 
And Ops, ere yet Dktcean Jove was boriL 
Mean while in Paradise the hellish pair 
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Taradise Lost. Cbk. ; 

Too soon arriv'd, Sin there in power before, 

Once actual, now in body, and to dwell 

Habitiml habitant; behind her Death 

Close following pace for pace, not mounted yet 

On his pale Horse : to whom Sin thus began. 51 

Second of Satan sprung, all conquering Dmth^ 
What thinkst thou of our Empire now, though eamd 
With travail difficult, not better farr 
Then, stil at Hels dark threshold to have sate watch, 
Unnam'd, undreaded, and thy self half starv'd? 

Whom thus the Sin-born Monster answerd soon. 
To mee, who with eternal Famin pine, 
Alike is Hell, or Paradise, or Heaven, 
There best, where most with ravin I may meet; 
Which here, though plenteous, all too little seems 61 

To stuff this Maw, this vast unhide-hound Corps. 

To whom th' incestuous Mother thus repli'd. 
Thou therefore on these Herbs, and Fruits, & Flours 
Feed first, on each Beast next, and Fish, and Fowle, 
No homely morsels, and whatever thing 
The Sithe of Time mowes down, devour unspar'd. 
Till I in Man residing through the Race, 
His thoughts, his looks, words, actions all infect. 
And season him thy last and sweetest prey. 

This said, they both betook them several wayes, 6 
Both to destroy, or unimmortal make 
All kinds, and for destruction to mature 
Sooner or later; which th' Almightie seeing 
From his transcendent Seat the Saints among, 
To those bright Orders uttered thus his voice. 

See with what heat these Dogs of Hell advance 
To waste and havoc yonder World, which I 
So fair and good created, and had still 
Kept in that state, had not the folly of Man 
Let in these wastful Furies, who impute 6 

Folly to mee, so doth the Prince of Hell 
And his Adherents, that with so much ease 
I suffer them to enter and possess 
A place so heav'nly, and conniving seem 
To gratiile my scornful Enemies, 
That laugh, as if transported with some fit 
Of Passion, I to them had quitted all, 
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it-] Taradise Lost. 

At random yeilded up to their misrule; 

And know not that I call'd and drew them thither 

My Hell-hounds, to lick up the draff and iilth 631 

Which mans polluting Sin with taint hath shed 

On what was pure, till cramra'd and gorg'd, nigh hurst 

With suckt and glutted offal, at one sling 

Of thy victorious Arm, well-pleasing Son, 

Both Sin, and Dtath, and yawning Grave at last 

Through Chaos hurld, obstruct the mouth of Hell 

For ever, and seal up his ravenous Jawes. 

Then Heav'n and Earth renewd shall be made pure 

To sanctitie that shall receive no staine: 

Till then the Curse pronounc't on both precedes. 64 

Hee ended, and the heav'nly Audience loud 
Sung HaUduia, as the sound of Seas, 
Through multitude that sung: Just are thy ways, 
Righteous are thy Decrees on all thy Works; 
Who can extenuate thee ? Next, to the Son, 
Destin'd restorer of Mankind, by whom 
New Heav'n and Earth shall to the Ages rise. 
Or down from Heav'n descend. Such was thir song, 
While the Creator calling forth by name 
His mightie Angels gave them several charge, 6; 

As sorted best with present things. The Sun 
Had first his precept so to move, so shine. 
As might affect the Earth with cold and heat 
Scarce tollerable, and from the North to call 
Decrepit Winter, from the South to bring 
Solstitial summers heat. To the blanc Moone 
Her office they prescrib'd, to th' other five 
Thir- planetaiie motions and aspects 
In Sextile, Square, and Trine, and C^^ 
Of noxious efficacie, and when to joyne 
In Synod unbenigne, and taught the fixt 
Thir influence malignant when to showre, 
Which of them rising with the Sun, or falling, 
Should prove tempestuous : To the Winds they set 
Thir corners, when with bluster to confound 
Sea, Aire, and Shoar, the Thunder when to rowle 
With terror through the dark Aereal Hall. 
Some say he bid his Angels tume ascanse 
The Poles of Earth twice ten degrees and more 

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'Paradise Lost. [bk 

From the Suns Axle; they with labour push'd 
ObUque the Centric Globe : Som say the Sun 
Was bid turn Reines from th' Equinoctial Rode 
Like distant breadth to Taurus with the Seav'n 
Allantkk Sisters, and the Spartan Twins 
Up to the Tropic Ctab ; thence down amaine 
By Leo and the Virgin and the Scales, 
As deep as Capricorne, to bring in change 
Of Seasons to each Clime ; else had the Spring 
Perpetual smil'd on Earth with vernant Flours, 
Equal in Days and Nights, except to those 
Beyond the Polar Circles; to them Day 
Had unbenighted shon, while the low Sun 
To recompence his distance, in thir sight 
Had rounded stil! th' Horizon, and not known 
Or East or West, which had forbid the Snow 
From cold Estotiland, and South as fair 
Beneath Magellan. At that tasted Fruit 
The Sun, as from Tkyestean Banquet, tum'd 
His course intended ; else how had the World 
Inhabited, though sinless, more then now, 
Avoided pinching cold and scorching heate? 
These changes in the Heav'ns, though slow, produc'd 
Like change on Sea and Land, sideral blast. 
Vapour, and Mist, and Exhalation hot, 
Corrupt and Pestilent : Now from the North 
Of Norumbtga, and the Samoed shoar 
Bursting thir brazen Dungeon, armd with ice 
And snow and haile and stormie gust and flaw, 
Boreas and Ctecias and Argestes loud 
And Thrascias rend the Woods and Seas upturn; 
With adverse blast up-turns them from the South 
Notus and Afer black with thundrous Clouds 
From Serraliona ; thwart of these as fierce 
Forth rush the Levant and the Pomnt Windes 
Eurus and Zephir with thir lateral noise, 
Sirocco, and Libecchio. Thus began 
Outrage from liveless things ; but Discord first 
Daughter of Sin, among th' irrational. 
Death introduc'd through fierce antipathic ; 
Beast now with Beast gan war, & Fowle with Fowle, 
And Fish with Fish ; to graze the Herb ali leaving, 
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.X.] 'Paradise Lost. 

Devourd each other; nor stood much in awe 
Of Man, but fled him, or with count'nance grim 
Glar'd on him passing : these were from without 
The growing miseries, which Adam saw 
Alreadie in part, though hid in gloomiest shade, 
To sorrow abandond, but worse felt within, 
And in a troubl'd Sea of passion tost, 
Thus to disburd'n sought with sad complaint. 

O miserable of happie ! is this the end 
Of this new glorious World, and mee so late 
The Glory of that Glory, who now becom 
Accurst of blessed, hide me from the face 
Of God, whom to behold was then my highth 
Of happiness : yet well, if here would end 
The miserie, I deserv'd it, and would beare 
My own deservings; but this will not serve; 
All that I eate or drink, or shall beget, 
Is propagated cuiie. O voice once heard 
Delightfully, Encrease and multiply. 
Now death to heare ! for what can I encrease 
Or multiplie, but cm^es on my head? 
Who of all Ages to succeed, but feeling 
The evil on him brought by me, will curse 
My Head, 111 fare our Ancestor impure. 
For this we may thank Adam ; but his thanks 
Shall be the execration ; so besides 
Mine own that bide upon me, all from mee 
Shall with a fierce reflux on mee redound. 
On mee as on thir natural center light 
Heavie, though in thir place. O fleeting joyes. 
Of Paradise, deare bought with lasting woes ! 
Did I request thee, Maker, from my Clay 
To mould me Man, did I sollicite thee 
From darkness to promote me, or here place 
In this delicious Garden? as my Will 
Concurd not to my being, it were but right 
And equal to reduce me to my dust, 
Desirous to resigne, and render back 
All I receav'd, unable to performe 
Thy terms too hard, by which I was to hold 
The good I sought not. To the loss of that. 
Sufficient penaltie, why hast thou added 
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Taradise Lost. [i 

The sense of endless woes? inexplicable 
Thy Justice seems ; yet to say truth, too late, 
I thus contest; then should have been refusd 
Those terms whatever, when they were propos'd : 
Thou didst accept them ; wilt thou enjoy the good. 
Then cavi! the conditions? and though God 
Made thee without thy leave, what if thy Son 
Prove disobedient, and reprov'd, retort, 
Wherefore didst thou beget me ? I sought it not : 
Wouldst thou admit for his contempt of thee 
That proud excuse? yet him not thy election. 
But Natural necessity begot. 

God made thee of choice his own, and of his own 
To serve him, thy reward was of his grace, 
Thy punishment then justly is at his Will 
Be it so, for I submit, his doom is fair. 
That dust I am, and shall to dust retume: 
O welcom hour whenever ! why delayes 
His hand to execute what his Decree 
Fixd on this day? why do I overlive, 
Why am I mockt with death, and length'nd out 
To deathless pain? how gladly would I meet 
Mortalitie my sentence, and be Earth 
Insensible, how glad would lay me down 
As in my Mothers lap ? there I should rest 
And sleep secure; his dreadful voice no more 
Would Thunder in my ears, no fear of worse 
To mee and to my ofspring would torment me 
With cruel expectation. Yet one doubt 
Pursues me still, least all I cannot die. 
Least that pure breath of Life, the Spirit of Man 
Which God inspir'd, cannot together perish 
With this corporeal Clod ; then in the Grave, 
Or in some other dismal place, who knows 
But I shall die a living Death? O thought 
Horrid, if true ! yet why ? it was but breath 
Of Life that sinn'd ; what dies but what had life 
And sin ? the Bodie properly hath neither. 
All of me then shall die : let this appease 
The doubt, since humane reach no further knows. 
For though the Lord of all be infinite. 
Is his wrauth also? be it, man is not so, 
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Taradise Lost. 



But mortal doom'd. How can he exercise 

Wrath without end on Man whom Death must end? 

Can he make deathless Death? that were to make 

Strange contradiction, which to God himself 

Impo bl h Id "i g m t 800 

Of w k t f P \\ U h d w ut, 

For k fi t t fi t 

In p ht m t t fi 1 ^ 

Satisfi d th t w t t d 

His S t b > d d t d N La 

By «h h 1! C 1 d tl! 

To th pt f th m tt t 

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That D th b t ak I pp d, 

Berea g b t dl Sio 

Fron th dy dwhhlflbai 

Both m d w tl t m d It 

To p p t t \y m th t f 

Com th d g I k w h d df 1 1 t on 

On 1 y d t 1 1 d b th D th d I 

Am f d Et nal d rp t b th 

Nor I on my part smgle, m mee all 

Posteritie stands curst : Fair Patrimonie 

That I must leave ye, Sons ; were I able 

To waste it all my. self, and leave ye none! 820 

So disinherited how would ye bless 

Me now your Curse ! Ah, why should all mankind 

For one mans fault thus guiltless be condemn'd, 

If guiltless? But from mee what can proceed, 

But all corrupt, both Mind and Will deprav'd. 

Not to do onely, but to will the same 

With me; how can they acquitted stand 

In sight of God? Him afier all Disputes 

Forc't I absolve: all my evasions vaui 

And reasonings, though through Mazes, leads me still S30 

But to my own conviction : first and last 

On mee, mee onely, as the sourse and spring 

Of all corruption, all the blame lights due ; 

So might the wrauth. Fond wish ! couldst thou support 

That burden heavier then the Earth to bear. 

Then ail the World much heavier, though divided 

827 they acquitted] they then acquitted i6y4 

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"Paradise host. [bi 

With that bad Woman ? Thus what thou desir'st, 
And what thou fearst, ahke deslroyes all hope 
Of refuge, and concludes thee miserable 
Beyond all past example and future, 
To Satan onely like both crime and doom. 

Conscience, into what Abyss of fears 

And horrors hast thou driv'n me ; out of which 

1 find no way, from deep to deeper plung'd ! 
Thus Adam to himself lamented loud 

Through the still Night, not now, as ere man fell, 

Wholsom and cool, and mild, but with black Air 

Accompanied, with damps and dreadful gloom, 

Which to his evil Conscience represented 

All things with double terror : On the ground 

Outstretcht he lay, on the cold ground, and oft 

Curs'd his Creation, Death as oft accus'd 

Of tardie execution, since denounc't 

The day of his offence. Why comes not Death, 

Said hee, with one thrice acceptable stroke 

To end me ? Shall Truth fail to keep her word, 

Justice Divine not hast'n to be just? 

But Death comes not at call, Justice Divine 

Mends not her slowest pace for prayers or cries. 

Woods, O Fountains, Hillocks, Dales and Bowrs, 
With other echo late I taught your Shades 

To answer, and resound farr other Song. 
Whom thus afflicted when sad Eve beheld, 
Desolate where she sate, approaching nigh. 
Soft words to his fierce passion she assay'd : 
But her with stern regard he thus repelVd, 

Out of my sight, thou Serpent, that name best 
Befits thee with him leagu'd, thy self as false 
And hateful ; nothing wants, but that thy shape. 
Like his, and colour Serpentine may shew 
Thy inward fraud, to warn all Creatures from thee 
Henceforth ; least that too heav'nly form, pretended 
To hellish falshood, snare them. But for thee 

1 had persisted happie, had not thy pride 
And wandring vanitie, when lest was safe. 
Rejected my forewarning, and disdain'd 
Not to be trusted, longing-to be seen 
Though by the Devil himself, him- < 

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• xj Taradise Lost. 

To over-reach but with the Serpent meeting 
Fool'd and bc|,uild bj him thou I bj thee 
To trust thee from m} s de iiiigind wise 
Constant mature proof against all assaults / 
And understood not all was but a shew ( 
Rather then solid vertu all but "i Rib \ 

Crooked b> nature bent as now appears J 
More to the part sinister from me drawn 
Well if thrown out is siipernunierarie 
To m> just number found O whj did God/ 
Creator wise that peopld highest Hei\ n 
With Spints Masculine create at Hsl 
This noveltie on Earth this fair defect 
Of Nature and not fill the ^\ orld at one 
With Men as Angels viithout Feminine ^^ 
Or find some other way to generate 
Mankind' th s mischief had not then bef-illn. 
And more that shall befall innumerable 
Disturbances on Earth throu£;h Femal snares 
And straight conjunction with this Se for either 
He never shall find out fit Mate but such 
As some misfortune brings him or mistake 
Or whom he wishes most shall seldom gam 
Through her pctverseness but shall see her gaind 
By a farr worse or if she !o\e withheld 
By Parents or h s happ est choice too late 
Shall meet alread e linkt and ^\ edlock bound 
To a fell \dvers-irie, his hate or shame 
Which infinite calamine shall cause 
To Humane life and houshold peace confound. 

He added not and from her turn d but £ve 
Not so repulst with lears that ceasd not flowing, 
And tresses all d sorderd at his feet 
Fell humble and imbracing them besaught 
His peace and thus proceeded in her jlaint 

Forsake me not thus idam witness Heav n 
What love s ncere and reference in mj heart 
I beare thee and unweetmg have offended 
Unhappilie deceav d tii> supplnnt 
I beg and clasp thy knees bereave me not 
Wheieon I live thy ^.entle looks thy aid, 
Thy counsel in this uttermost distress, 
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Taradise Lost. ( 

My onely strength and stay : forlorn of thee, 
Whither shall I betake me, where subsist? 
While yet we live, scarse one short hour perhaps. 
Between us two let there be peace, both joyning, 
As joyn'd in injuries, one enmitie 
Against a Foe by doom express assign'd us. 
That cruel Serpent : On me exercise not 
Thy hatred for this miserie befall'n, 
On me already lost, raee, then thy self 
More miserable ; both have sin'd, but thou-'/ " 
Against God onely, I against God and thee, V 
And to the place of judgement will returR"""^ 
There with my cries importune Heaven, that all 
The sentence from thy head remov'd may light 
On me, sole cause to thee of all this woe, 
Mee mee onely just object of his ire. 

She ended weeping, and her lowlie plight, 
Immoveable till peace obtain'd from fault 
Acknowledg'd and deplor'd, in Adam wraught 
Commiseration; soon his heart relented 
Towards her, his life so late and sole delight. 
Now at his feet submissive in distress, 
Creature so faire his reconcilement seeking, 
His counsel whom she had displeas'd, his aide; 
As one disarm'd, his anger all he lost, 
And thus with peaceful words uprais'd her soon. 

Unwarie, and too desirous, as before. 
So now of what thou knowst not, who desir'st 
The punishment all on thy self; alas, 
Beare thine own first, ill able to sustaine 
His full wrauth whose thou feelst as yet lest part. 
And my displeasure bearst so ill. If Prayers 
Could alter high Decrees, I to that place 
Would speed before thee, and be louder heard, 
J That on my head all might be visited, 
^Th^J^iltie and infirmer Sex forgiv'n, 
^To me committed and by me expos'd. 
But rise, let us no more contend, nor blame 
Each other, blam'd enough elsewhere, but strive 
In offices of Love, how we may light'n 
Each others burden in our share of woe ; 
Since this days Death denounc't, if ought I see, 

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Taradise Lost. 



Will prove no sudden, but a slow-pac't evill, 
A long days dying to augment our paine. 
And to our Seed (0 hapless Seed !) deriv'd. 

To whom thus Eve, recovering heart, repli'd. 
Adam, by sad experiment I know 
How little weight my words with thee can finde, 
Found so erroneous, thence by just event 
Found so unfortunate ■ nevertheless 
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'Paradise Lost. Cb 

Of many wayes to die the shortest choosing, 
Destruction with destruction to destroy. 

She ended heer, or vehement despaire 
Broke off the rest ; so much of Death her thoughts 
Had entertaind, as di'd her Cheeks with pale. 
But Adam with such counsel nothing sway'd. 
To better hopes his more attentive minde 
Labouring had rais'd, and thus to £ve repli'd. 

Eve, thy contempt of life and pleasure seems 
To argue in thee somthing more sublime 
And excellent then what thy minde contemnes ; 
But self-destruction therefore saught, refutes 
That excellence thought in thee, and implies, 
Not thy contempt, but anguish and regret 
For loss of life and pleasure overlov'd. 
Or if thou covet death, as utmost end 
Of miserie, so thinking to evade 
The penaitie pronounc't, doubt not but God 
Hath wiselier arm'd his vengeful ire then so 
To he forestall'd ; much more I fear least Death 
So snatcht will not exempt us from the paine 
We are by doom to pay; rather such acts 
Of contumacie will provoke the highest 
To make death in us live : Then let us seek 
Som safer resolution, which raethinks 
I have in view, calling to minde with heed 
Part of our Sentence, that thy Seed shall bruise 
The Serpents head ; piteous amends, unless 
Be meant, whom I conjecture, our grand Foe 
Satan, who in the Serpent hath contriv'd 
Against us this deceit ; to crush his head 
Would be revenge indeed ; which will be lost 
By death brought on our selves, or childless days 
Resolv'd, as thou proposest ; so our Foe 
Shall scape his punishment ordain'd, and wee 
Instead shall double ours upon our heads. 
No more be mention'd then of violence 
Against our selves, and wilful barrenness. 
That cuts us off from hope, and savours onely 
Rancor and pride, impatience and despite, 
Reluctance against God and his just yoke 
Laid on our Necks. Remember with what mild 
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:.x.] 



'Paradise Lost. 



And gracious temper he both heard and jiidg'd 

Without wrauth or reviling; wee expected 

Immediate dissolution, winich we tliought 

Was meant by Death tliat day, when lo, to thee 

Pains onel^ in Child-bearing were foretold, 

And bringing forth, soon recompenc't with joy, 

Fruit of thy Womb : On mee the Curse aslope 

Glanc'd on the ground, with labour I must earne 

My bread ; what harm ? Idleness had bin worse ; 

My labour will sustain me; and least Cold 

Or Heat should injure us, his timely care 

Hath unbesaught provided, and his hands 

Cloath'd us unworthie, pitying while he judg'd ; 

How much more, if we pray him, will his ear 

Be open, and his heart to pitie incline. 

And teach us further by what means to shun 

Th' inclement Seasons, Rain, Ice, Hail and Snow, 

Which now the Skie with various Face begins 

To shew us in this Mountain, while the Winds 

Blow moist and keen, shattering the graceful locks 

Of these fair spreading Trees ; which bids us seek 

Som better shroud, som better warmth to cherish 

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Taradise host. 

Humbly our faults, and pardon beg, with tears 
Watering the ground, and with our sighs the Air 
Frequenting, sent from hearts contrite, in sign 
Of sorrow unfeign'd, and humiliation meek. 
Undoubtedly he will relent and turn 
From his displeasure ; in whose look serene, 
When angry most he seem'd and most severe. 
What else but favor, grace, and raercie shon? 

So spake our Father penitent, nor Eve 
Fek less remorse : they forthwith to the place 
Repairing where he judg'd them prostrate fell 
Before him reverent, and both confess'd 
Humbly thir faults, and pardon beg'd, with tears 
Watering the ground, and with thir sighs the Air 
Frequenting, sent from hearts contrite, in sign 
Of sorrow unfeign'd, and humiliation meek. 



The End of the Tenth Book. 



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PARADISE LOST. 

BOOK XL 

THE ARGUMENT. 

The Son of God Resents to his Father the Prayers of our first 
Parents now repenting, and intercedes for them: God accepts them, but 
declares that th^ must no longer abide in Paradise; sends Midiael 
with a Band of Cherubim to dispossess themj but first to reveal to 
PtAsxa future things: Michads coming down. Adam jA^icj to Eve 
certain ominous signs/ he discerns Michaels approach, goes out to 
meet him : the Angel denounces thir departure, Eve'a Lamentation. 
Adam pleads, but submits : The Angel leads him up to a high Hill, sets 
before him in vision what shall happ'n till the Flood. 

Thus they in lowliest plight repentant stood 
Praying, for from the Mercie-seat above 
Prevenient Grace descending had remov'd 
The stonie from thir hearts, and made new flesh 
Regenerate grow instead, that sighs now breath'd 
Unutterable, which the Spirit of prayer 
Inspir'd, and wing'd for Heav'n with speedier flight 
Then loudest Oratorie : yet thir port 
Not of mean suiters, nor important less 
Seem'd thir Petition, then when th' ancient Pair lo 

In Fables old, less ancient yet then these, 
Deucalion and chaste Pyrrha to restore 
The Race of Mankind drownd, before the Shrine 
Of TTiemis stood devout. To Heav'n thir prayers 
Flew up, nor missd the way, by envious windes 
Blow'n vagabond or frustrate : in they passd 
Dimentionless through Heav'nly dores ; then clad 
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Taradise Lost. [bk. 

With incense, where the Golden Altar fum'd, 
By thir great Intercessor, came in sight 
Before the Fathers Throne: Them the glad Son 
Presenting, thus to intercede began. 

See Father, what first fruits on Earth are sprung 
From thy implanted Grace in Man, these Sighs 
And Prayers, which in this Golden Censer, mixt 
With Incense, I thy Priest before thee bring, 
Fruits of more pleasing savour from thy seed 
Sow'n with contrition in his heart, -then those 
Which his own hand manuring all the Trees 
Of Paradise could have produc't, ere fall'n 
From innocence. Now -therefore bend thine eare 
To supplication, heare his sighs though mute ; 
Unskilful with what words to pray, let mee 
Interpret for him, mee his Advocate 
And propitiation, all his works on mee 
Good or not good ingraft, ray Merit those ' " ' "' 

Shall perfet, and for these my Death shall pay. 
Accept me, and in mee from these receave 
The smell of peace toward Mankinde, let him live 
Before thee reconcil'd, at least his days 
Numberd, though sad, till Death, his doom (which I 
To mitigate thus plead, not to reverse) 
To better life shall yeeld him, where with mee 
All my redeemd may dwell in joy and bliss, 
Made one with me as I with thee am one. 

To whom the Father, without Cloud, serene. 
All thy request for Man, accepted Son, 
Obtain, all thy request was my Decree ; 
But longer in that Paradise to dwell, 
The Law I gave to Nature him forbids : 
Those pure immortal Elements that know 
No gross, no unharmoneous mixture foule. 
Eject him tainted now, and purge him off 
As a distemper, gross to aire as gross, 
And mortal food, as may dispose him best 
For dissolution wrought by Sin, that first 
Distemperd all things, and of incorrupt 
Corrupted. I at first with two fair gifts 
Created him endowd, with Happiness 
And Immortalitie; that fondly lost, 
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■ XI.] Taradise Lost. 

This other serv'd hut to "eternize woe ; 

Till I proiided Death so Death becomes 

His final remedie ind after Life 

Trid in sharp tribulation ind retind 

B) Faith and f^lChful works to second Life 

Wakt in the renovation ot the juat, 

Resignes h m up with Heav n and Earth renewd 

But let us fall to b>nod iH the Blest 

Through Heavns wide bounds from them I will nf t 

My judgments how with Mankind I proceed 

As how with pecrant \ngels late they saw 

And in thir state though firm 'itood more confirmd 

He ended and the Son gave signal hi|,h 
To the bright Minister that watch d hee blew 
His Trumpet, heard in Orel since perhips 
When God descended, and perhaps once more 
To sound at general doom. Th' Angelic blast 
Filld all the Regions : from thir blissful Eowrs 
Of Amarantin Shade, Fountain or Spring, 
By the waters of Life, where ere they sate 
In fellowships of joy : the Sons of Light 
Hasted, resorting to the Summons high, 
And took thir Seats ; till from his Throne supream 
Th' Almighty thus pronounc'd his sovran Will. 

O Sons, like one of us Man is become 
To know both Good and Evil, since his taste 
Of that defended Fruit ; but let him boast 
His knowledge of Good lost, and Evil got. 
Happier, had it suffic'd him to have known 
Good by it self, and Evil not at all. 
He sorrows now, repents, and prayes contrite, 
My motions in him, longer then they move. 
His heart I know how variable and vain 
Self-1 ft L ast th efore his now bolder hand 
Reach 1 o f th Tree of Life, and eat, 
And I f dream at least to live 

For t m him I decree. 

And d h n f n the Garden forth to Till 
The G d wh n e he was taken, fitter soile. 

M h I ^ behest have thou in charge, 

Tak t tl f n among the Cherubim 
Thy h f fl ng Warriours, least the Fiend 

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"Paradise Lost. [m 

Or in behalf of Man, or to invade 

Vacant possession som new trouble raise : 

Hast thee, and from the Paradise of God 

Without remorse drive out the sinful Pair, 

From hallowd ground th' unholie, and denounce 

To them and to thir Progenie from thence 

Perpetual banishment. Vet least they faint 

At the sad Sentence rigorously urg'd, 

For I behold them soft'nd and with tears 

Bewailing thir excess, all terror hide. 

If patiently thy bidding they obey, 

Dismiss them not disconsolate ; reveale 

To Adam what shall come in future dayes, 

As I shall thee enlighten, intermix 

My Cov'nant in the Womans seed renewd ; 

So send them forth, though sorrowing, yet in peace ; 

And on the East side of the Garden place, 

Where entrance up from Eden easiest climbes, 

Cherubic watch, and of a Sword the flame 

Wide waving, all approach farr off to fright, 

And guard all passage to the Tree of Life: 

Least Paradise a receptacle prove 

To Spirits foule, and all my Trees thir prey, 

With whose stol'n Fruit Man once more to delude. 

He ceas'd; and th' Archangelic Power prepar'd 
For swift descent, with him the Cohort bright 
Of watchful Cherubim ; four faces each 
Had, like a double Janus, all thir shape 
Spangl'd with eyes more numerous then those 
Of Argus, and more wakeful then to drouze, 
Charm'd with Arcadian Pipe, the Pastoral Reed 
Of Hermes, or his opiate Rod. Mean while 
To resalute the World with sacred Light 
Leucothea wak'd, and with fresh dews imbalmd 
The Earth, when Adam and first Matron Eve 
Had ended now thir Orisons, and found, 
Strength added from above, new hope to spring 
Out of despaire, joy, but with fear yet linkt ; 
Which thus to Eve his welcome words renewd. 

Eve, easily may Faith admit, that all 
The good which we enjoy, from Heav'n descends 
But that from us ought should ascend to Heav'n 
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XI.] 'Paradise Lost. 

So prevalent as to concerne the mind 
0/ God high-blest, or to incline his wili, 
Hard to belief may seem ; yet this will Prayer, 
Or one short sigh of humane breath, up-borne 
Ev'n to the Seat of God. For since I saught 
By Prayer th' offended Deitie to appease, 
Kneel'd and before him humbl'd all my heart, 
Methought I saw him placable and mild. 
Bending his eare ; perswasion in me grew 
That I was heard with favour ; peace return'd 
Home to my brest, and to my memorie 
His promise, that thy Seed shall bruise our Foe; 
Which then not minded in dismay, yet now 
Assures" me that the bitterness of death 
Is past, and we shall live. Whence Haile to thee 
Eve rightly call'd. Mother of all Mankind, 
Mother of all things living, since by thee 
Man is to live, and all things live for Man. 

To whom thus Eve with sad demeanour meek. 
Ill worthie I such title should belong 
To me transgressour, who for thee ordaind 
A help, became thy snare; to mee reproach 
Rather belongs, distrust and all dispraise ; 
But infinite in pardon was my Judge, 
That I who first brought Death on all, am grac't 
The sourse of life; next favourable thou. 
Who highly thus to entitle me voutsafst, 
Farr other name deserving. But the Field 
To labour calls us now with sweat impos'd, 
Though after sleepless Night; for see the Morn, 
All unconcern'd with oiu: unrest, begins 
Her rosie progress smiling ; let us forth, 
I never from thy side henceforth to stray, 
Wherere our days work lies, though now enjoind 
Laborious, till day droop ; while here we dwell, 
What can be toilsom in these pleasant Walkes ? 
Here let us live, though in fall'n state, content. 

So spake, so wish'd much humbl'd Eve, but Fate 
Subscrib'd not ; Nature first gave Signs, imprest 
On Bird, Beast, Aire, Aire suddenly eclips'd 
After short blush of Morn ; nigh in her sight 
The Bird oi Jove, stoopt from his aerie tour, 

(4.3) 



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"Paradise Lost. Cb 

Two Birds of aaje'^t ilun c bef re liim dro\e 
Down from a Hill the Least tliit lei^^ns in ^\ ood 
First H inter then pursu d a gentle brare 
Goodl est of all the toirest, Hart and Hinde 
Direct to th EisCern Gate was bent thir flight. 
Adam observ d, and w ih his Eye the chase 
Pursuing not uimovd to £ie thus spake 

O Mvt, some furder chinge iwaits us ni^h 
Which Hea\ n b) these mute sgns in Nature shews 
Forerunners of h s purpose or to warn 
Us haply too secure of our discharge 
Frora penaltic because from death releast 
Some dajs how long and what till then our life 
Who knowb or more then this that we are dust 
And th ther must return and be no more 
Why else this double object in lur sij,ht 
Of flight \ ursu d in th 4ir and ore tl e gro u d 
One way the selfsame hour? whj m the Eist 
Darkness ere Dayes mid-course, and Morning hght 
More orient in yon Western Cloud that draws 
O're the blew Firmament a radiant white, 
And slow descends, with somthing heav'nly fraught. 

He err'd. not, for by this the heav'nly Bands 
Down from a Skie of Jasper lighted now 
In -Paradise, and on a Hill made alt, 
A glorious Apparition, had not doubt 
And carnal fear that day dimm'd Adams eye. 
Not that more glorious, when the Angels met 
/acoi/ in Mahanaim, where he saw 
The field Pavilion'd with his Guardians bright; 
Nor that which on the flaming Mount appeerd 
In Dothan, cover'd with a Camp of Fire, 
Against the Syrian King, who to surprize 
One man. Assassin-like had levied Warr, 
Warr unproclam'd. The Princely Hierarch 
In thir bright stand, there left his Powers to seise 
Possession of the Garden ; hee alone. 
To finde where Adam shelterd, took his way. 
Not unperceav'd of Adam, who to Eve, 
While the great Visitant approachd, thus spake. 

Eve, now expect great tidings, which perhaps 
Of us will soon determin, or impose 

(4.4) 



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BK.xi.] "Paradise Lost. 

New Laws to be observ'd; for 1 descrie 
From yonder blazing Cloud that veils the Hill 
One of the heav'nly Host, and by his Gate 
None of the meanest, some great Potentate 
Or of the Thrones above, such Majestie 
Invests him coming; yet not terrible. 
That I should fear, nor sociably mild. 
As Raphael, that I should much confide, 
But solemn and sublime, whom not to offend, 
With reverence I must meet, and thou retire. 
He ended ; and tb' Arch-Angel soon drew nigh. 
Not in his shape Celestial, but as Man 
Clad to meet Man; over his iucid Armes 
A militarie Vest of purple flowd 
Livelier then Melibaan, or the graine 
Of Sarra, worn by Kings and Hero's old 
In time of Truce; Iris had dipt the wooff; 
His starrie Helme unbuckl'd shew'd him prime 
In Mapbood where Youth ended ; by his side 
As in a gUstering Zodiac hung the Sword, 
Satans dire dread, and in his hand the Spear. 
Adam bowd low, hee Kingly from bis State 
Inciin'd not, but his coming thus declar'd, 

Adam, Heav'ns high behest no Preface needs : 
Sufficient that thy Prayers are beard, and Death, 
Then due b) sentence when thou didst transgress, 
Defeated of his '.eisure many dayes 
Giv'n thee of Grace wherem thou may'st repent. 
And one bad act with manj deeds well done 
May^t cover well maj then thy Lord appeas'd 
Redeem thee quite from Deaths rapacious claime; 
But longer in this Earadise to dwell 
Permits not; to remove thee I am come, 
And send- thee from the Garden forth to till 
The ground whence thou wast tak'n, fitter Soile. 

He added not, for Adam at the newes 
Heart-strook with chilling gripe of sorrow stood, 
That all his senses bound ; Eve, who unseen 
Yet all had heard, with audible lament 
Discover'd soon the place of her retire. - , 

; O unexspected stroke, worse then of Death ! 

Must I thus leave thee Paradise? thus leave 



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i^ 



Taradise Lost. [bi 

Thee Native Soile, these happie Walks and Shades, 

Fit haunt of Gods? where I had hope to spend, 

Quiet though sad, the respit of that day 

That must be mortal to us both. O flours, 

That never will in other Climate grow. 

My early visitation, and my last 

At Eev'n, which I bred up with tender hand 

From the first op'ning bud, and gave ye Names, 

Who now shall reare ye to the Sun, or ranke 

Your Tribes, and water from th' ambrosial Fount? 

Thee lastly nuptial Bowre, by mee adornd 

With what to sight or smell was sweet ; from thee 

How shall I part, and whither wander down 

Into a lower World, to this obscure 

And wilde, how shall we breath in other Aire 

L£ss pure, accustomd to immortal Fruits ? 

Whom thus the Angel interrupted milde. 
Lament not Eve, but patiently resigne 
What justly thou hast lost ; nor set thy heart. 
Thus over fond, on that which is not thine ; 
Thy going is not lonely, with thee goes 
Thy Husband, him Co follow thou art bound; 
Where he abides, think there thy native soile. 
> Adam by this from the cold sudden damp 
Recovering, and his scatterd spirits returnd, 
To Michael thus his humble words addressd. 

Celestial, whether among the Thrones, or nam'd 
Of them the Highest, for such of shape may seem 
Prince above Princes, gently hast thou tould 
Thy message, which might else in telling wound, 
And in performing end us; what besides 
Of sorrow and dejection and despair 
Our frailtie can sustain, thy tidings bring, 
Departure from this happy place, our sweet 
Recess, and onely consolation left 
Familiar to our eyes, all places else 
Inhospitable appeer and desolate. 
Nor knowing us nor known : and if by prayer 
Incessant I could hope to change the will 
Of him who all things can, I would not cease 
To wearie him with my assiduous cries : 
But prayer against his absolute Decree 

(4.6) 



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BK.XI.] "Paradise Lost. 

No more availes then breath against the winde, 

Blown stifling back on him that breaths it forth : 

Therefore to his great bidding I stabmit. 

This most afflicts me, that departing hence, 

As from his face I shall be hid, deprivd 

His blessed count'nance; here I could frequent, 

With worship, place by place where he voutsaf'd 

Presence Divine, and to my Sons relate j 

On this Mount he appeerd, under this Tree 

Stood visible, among these Pines his voice 

I heard, here with him at this Fountain talk'd : 

So many grateful Altars I would reare 

Of grassie Terfe, and pile up every Stone 

Of lustre from the brook, in memorie. 

Or monument to Ages, and thereon 

OlFer sweet smelling Gumms & Fruits and Flours : 

In yonder nether World where shall I seek 

His brigtit appearances, or footstep trace? 

For though I fled him angrie yet recall'd 

To life prolongd and promisd Race I now 

Gladly behold though but his utmost skirts 

Of glory and farr off his steps adore 

To whom thus Mtcliael w ch regard beni^ne. 
Adam thou know st Heat n hjs and ^ll tl e Earth, 
Not this Rock onely his Omnipresence fiUa 
Land, Sea, and Aire, and every kinde that lives. 
Fomented by his virtual power and warmd; 
All th' Earth he gave thee to possess and rule. 
No despicable gift; surmise not then 
His presence to these narrow bounds confin'd 
Of Paradise or Eden : this had been 
Perhaps thy Capital Seate, from whence had spred 
All generations, and had hither come 
From all the ends of th' Earth, to celebrate 
And reverence thee thir great Progenitor. 
But this preeminence thou hast lost, brought down 
To dwell on eeven ground now with thy Sons ; 
Yet doubt not but in Vallie and in Plaine 
God is as here, and will be found alike 
Present, and of his presence many a signe 
Still following thee, still compassing thee round 
With goodness and paternal Love, his Face 
{ 417 ) EC 



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Taradise Lost. [bk. 

Express, and of his steps the track Divine. 
Which that thou mayst beleeve, and be confirmd, 
Ere thou from hence depart, know I am sent 
To shew thee what shall come in future dayes 
To thee and to thy Ofspring ; good with bad 
Expect to hear, supernal Grace contending 
With sinfulness of Men ; thereby to learn 
True patience, and to temper joy with fear 
And pious sorrow, equally enur'd 
By moderation either state to beare. 
Prosperous or adverse : so shalt thou lead 
Safest thy life, and best prepar'd endure 
Thy mortal passage when it comes. Ascend 
This Hill; let Eve (for I have drencht her eyes) 
Here sleep below while thou to foresight wak'st. 
As once thou slepst, while Shee to life was fotmd. 

To whom thus Adam gratefully repli'd. 
Ascend, I follow thee, safe Guide, the path 
Thou lead'st me and to the hand of Heav'n submit, 
How e chas n ng o he e e 

M ob ou b ea arm goo o 
B uffen g d ea ne e f o labou o , 

oinayaan So bo ha d 
I h \ ons of God I wa a H 11 
Of Pa ad he h gh f on ho e op 
The H ph e of Ea h n lee e K 

h ou o an pi e 1 of p o p laj . 
No h gh h H 11 o de look ng nd, 
\ h eon fo d ffe n cau e he en p e 
s ond 4d n n he Ide ne s 
To hen h all Ea h K gdon es d h Glory. 
H Eje ngh he ommand h e e ood 
C y of old mode n Fan e he S a 
Of n gh es En p e f on he de nd 11 
Of Ca ba sea of Ca ha an Ca 
And Sa/!a /a d by O T Th one 

To Faq n of S a K ng and he e 
To 4^ « a d ZaAo of grea 3/o^ 
Down o he golden Ch o wl e 

The /* an n r^'a a sa e o n e 
In N pajan o he e 1 -ff A 

In Mo o the bul an n i a 
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:-xi.] Taradise Lost. 

Dirchestan-hoxn ; nor could his eye not ken 

Th' Empire of Negus to his utmost Port 

Ercoco and the less Maritine Kings 

Mombaza, and Quiloa, and Melind, 

And Sofala thought OpMr, to the Realme 

Of Congo, and Angola fardest South; 

Or thence from Niger Flood to Atlas Mount 

The Kingdoms of Almansor, Fez and Sus^ 

Marocco and Algiers, and Trtrntsen, 

On Europe thence, and where Rome was to sway 

The World : in Spirit perhaps he also siw 

Rich Mexico the seat of Motezunu, 

And Cusco in Peru^ the richer seat 

Of Atabalipa, and yet unspoil'd 

Guiana, whose great Citie (jer^ons Sons 

Call El Dorado : but to nobler sights 

Michael from Adams ejes the Filme remo\ d 

Which that false Fruit that promis'd clearer sight 

Had bred; then purg'd with Euphrasie and Rue 

The visual Nerve, for he had much to see , 

And from the Well of Life three drops mstjll'd. 

So deep the power of these Ingredients picrc'd, 

Eevn to the inmost seat of mental sight, 

That Adam now enforc't to close his ejes, 

Sunk down and all hib Spirits became intranst ; 

But him the gentle Angel by the hand 

Soon rais'd, and his attention thua recall d 

Adam, now ope thine eyes, and first behold 
Th' effects which thy original crime hath wrought 
In some to spring from thee, who never touch'd 
Th' excepted Tree, nor with the bnake conspir'd, 
Nor sinn'd thy sin, yet from that sin derive 
Corruption to bring forth more violent deeds 

His eyes he op'nd, and beheld a field 
Part arable and tilth, whereon were Sheaves 
New reapt, the other part sheep alks a d foulds 
Ith' midst an Altar as the Land nark s ood 
Rustic, of grassie sord; thither anon 
A sweatie Reaper from his T Uage b ought 
First Fruits, the green Eare, and the )ellow Sheaf 
Uncull'd, as came to hand ; ; Shephe d ne 
More meek came with the Firs 1 ng of 1 s f o k 
(419) E e 3 



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T^aradise Lost. [b 

Choicest and best ; then sacrificing, laid 
The Inwards and thir Fat with Incense strew'd, 
On the cleft Wood, and all due Rites perform' d. 
His Offring soon propitious Fire from Heav'n 
Consum'd with nimble glance, and grateful steame; 
The others not, for his, was not sincere ; 
Whereat hee inlie rag'd, and as they talk'd. 
Smote him into the Midriff with a stone 
That beat out life; he fell, and deadly pale 
Groand out his Soul with gushing bloud effus'd. 
Much at that sight was Adam in his heart 
Dismai'd, and thus in haste to th' Angel cri'd. 

O Teacher, some great mischief hath befall'n 
To that meek man, who well had sacrific'd ; 
Is Pietie thus and pure Devotion paid? 

T' whom Michael thus, hee also mov'd, repli'd. 
These two are Brethren, Adam, and to come 
Out of thy loyns ; th' unjust the just hath slain, 
For envie that his Brothers Offering found 
From Heav'n acceptance ; but the bloodie Fact 
Will be aveng'd, and th' others Faith approv'd 
Loose no reward, though here thou see him die, 
Rowling in dust and gore. To which our Sire. 

Alas, both for the deed and for the cause ! 
But have I now seen Death? Is this the way 
I must return to native dust ? O sight 
Of terrour, foul and ugly to behold. 
Horrid to think, how horrible to feel ! 

To whom thus Alichad. Death thou hast seen 
In his first shape on man ; but many shapes 
Of Death, and many are the wayes that lead 
To his grim Cave, all dismal ; yet to sense 
More terrible at th' entrance then within. 
Some, as thou saw'st, by violent stroke shall die. 
By Fire, Flood, Famin, by Intemperance more 
In Meats and Drinks, which on the Earth shai brin 
Diseases dire, of which a monstrous crew 
Before thee shall appear; that thou mayst know 
What miserie th' inabstinence of Eve 
Shall bring on men. Immediately a place 
Before bis eyes appeard, sad, noysom, dark, 
A Lazar-house it seemd, wherein were laid 



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CXI.] Taradise Lost. 

Numbers of all diseas'd, all maladies 
Of gastly Spasm, or racking torture, qualmes 
Of heart-sick Agonie, all feavorous kinds. 
Convulsions, Epilepsies, fierce Catarrhs, 
Intestin Stone and Ulcer, Colic pangs. 
Dropsies, and Asthma's, and Joint-racking Rheums. 
Dire was the tossing, deep the groans, despair 
Tended the sick busiest from Couch to Couch; 
And over them triumphant Death his Dart 
Shook, but delaid to strike, though oft invok't 
With vows, as thir chief good, and final hope. 
Sight so deform what heart of Rock could long 
Drie-ey'd behold? Adam could not, but wept, 
Though not of Woman bom ; compassion quell'd 
His best of Man, and gave him up to tears 
A space, till firmer thoughts restraind excess, 
And scarce recovering words his plaint renew'd. 

O miserable Mankind, to what fall 
Degraded, to what wretched state reserv'd ! 
Better end heer unborn. Why is life giv*!! 
To be thus wrested from us? rather why 
Obtruded on us thus ? who if we knew 
What we receive, would either not accept 
Life offer'd, or soon beg to lay it down. 
Glad to be so dismist in peace. Can thus 
Th' Image of God in man created once 
So goodly and arect, though faultie since, 
To such unsightly sufferings be debas't 
Under inhuman pains? Why should not Man, 
Retaining still Divine similitude 
In part, from such deformities be free, 
And for his Makers Image sake exempt? 

Thir Makers Image, answerd Michael, then 
Forsook them, when themselves they villifi'd 
To serve iingovern'd appetite, and took 
His Image whom they serv'd, a brutish vice, 
Inductive mainly to the sin of Eve. 
Therefore so abject is thir punishment, 

484 After this line, 1674 adds : 

Demoniac Phreniie, moaping Melancholia 
And Moon struck madness, pining Atroidiie, 
Marasmus, and wide wasting Pestilence, 

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'Paradise Lost. Cek. x 

Disfiguring not Gods likeness, but thir own, 

Or if his likeness, by themselves defac't 

While they pervert pure Natures healthful rules 52 

To loathsom sickness, worthily, since they 

Gods Image did not reverence in themselves. 

I yeild it just, said Adam, and submit. 
But is there yet no other way, besides 
These painful passages, how we may come 
To Death, and mix with our connatural dust? 

There is, said Michael, if thou well observe 
The rule of not too much, by temperance taught 
In what thou eatst and diinkst, seeking from thence 
Due nourishment, not gluttonous delight, 53 

Till many years over thy head return : 
So maist thou live, till like ripe Fruit thou drop 
Into thy Mothers lap, or be with ease 
Gatherd, not harshly pluckt, for death mature : 
This is old age; but then thou must outlive 
Thy youth, thy strength, thy beauty, which will change 
To withered weak & gray ; thy Senses then 
Obtuse, all taste of pleasure must forgoe. 
To what thou hast, and for the Aire of youth 
Hopeful and cheerful, in thy blood will reigne 54 

A melancholly damp of cold and dry 
To waigh thy spirits down, and last consume 
The Balme of Life. To whom our Ancestor. 

Henceforth I f!ie not Death, nor would prolong 
Life much, bent rather how I may be quit 
Fairest and easiest of this combrous charge. 
Which I must keep till my appointed day 
Of rendcing up, Michael to him repli'd. 

Nor love thy Life, nor hate; but what thou livst 
Live well, how long or short permit to Heav'n : s5 

And now prepare thee for another sight. 

He lookd and saw a spacious Plaine, whereon 
Were Tents of various hue ; by some were herds 
Of Cattel grazing: others, whence the sound 
Of Instruments that made melodious chime 
Was heard, of Harp and Organ ; and who moovd 



548 Of rpndrmg «i 
My dissolution. 


'' ^Michael : 


:nHy attend 
repli'd. 16^4 


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1, Google 



xi] Taradise Lost. 

Thir stops and chords wis 'ieen his \olant touch 
.Instinct through ill proportions low and high 
Fled and pursu d transverse the resonant fugue 
In other part stood one who at the Forge i6o 

Labomng two massie clods of Iron ind Bras'; 
Had melted 'whether found where casual fire 
Had wasted woods on Mountain or m 'Vale, 
Down to the ■('■ms of Earth thence gl d ng hot 
To soni Caves mouth or whether washt bj streim 
From underground) the liquid Ore he dre nd 
Into fit moulds prepird from which he foimd 
First his own Tooles then what might else be Tiroigbt 
Fusil or gra^ n n mettle After these 
But on the hether s de a dfftrent sort 570 

From the high neighbouring Hill'; which was thir Seat, 
Down to the Plam descended by thir guise 
Just men thej seemd and all thir studj bent 
To worship God ang;ht and know his works 
Not hid nor those things last which might preserve 
Freedom and Peace to men they on the Phm 
Long had not walkt when from the Tents behold 
A Beavie of fair Women, richly gay \ 

In Gems and wanton dress; to the Harp they sungV 
Soft amorous Ditties, and in dance came on : ^ jSo 

The Men though grave, ey'd them, and let thir eyes 
Rove without rein, till in the amorous Net 
Fast caught, they lik'd, and each his liking chose ; 
And now of love they treat till th' Eevning Star 
Loves Harbinger appeerd ; then all in heat 
They light the Nuptial Torch, and bid invoke 
Hymen, then first to marriage Rites invok't ; , 
With Feast and Musick all the Tents resound. I 
Such happy interview and fair event -si- 

Of love & youth not lost. Songs, Garlands, FloursA 590 
And charming Symphonies attach'd the heart ___-^ 
Of Adam, soon enclin'd to admit delight. 
The bent of Nature; which he thus express'd. 

True opener of mine eyes, prime Angel blest. 
Much better seems this Vision, and more hope 
Of peaceful dayes portends, then those two past ; 
Those were of hate and death, or pain much worse. 
Here Nature seems fulfilld in all her ends. 

Cw) 



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"Paradise Lost. [bk. 

To whom thus Michael. Judg not what is best 
By pleasure, though to Nature seeming meetj 
Created, as thou art, to nobler end 
Holie and pure, conformitie divine. 
Those Tenfs thou sawst so pleasant, were the Tents 
Of wickedness, wherein shall dwell his Race 
Who slew his Brother ; studious they appere 
Of Arts that polish Life, Inventers rare. 
Unmindful of thir Maker, though his Spirit 
Taught them, but they his gifts acknowledg'd none. 
Yet they a beauteous ofspring shall beget; 
For that fair fenial Troop thou sawst, that seemd 
■<. Of Goddesses, so blithe, so smooth, so gay, 
^ Yet empty of all good wherein consists 
^.-Womans domestic honour and chief praise; 
Bred onely and completed to the taste 
Of lustful appetence, to sing, to dance, 
To dress, and troule the Tongue, and roule the Eye. 
To these that sober Race of Men, whose lives 
Religious titl'd them the Sons of God, 
Shall yeild up all thir vertue, all thir fame 
Ignobly, to the traines and to the smiles 
Of these fair Atheists, and now swim in joy, 
(Erelong to swim at larg) and laugh ; for which 
The world erelong a world of tears must weepe. 

To whom thus Adam of short joy bereft, 
O pittie and shame, that they who to Jive well 
Enterd so faire, should turn aside to tread 
Paths indirect, or in the mid way faint ! 
But still I see the tenor of Mans woe 
Holds on the same, from Woman to begin. 

From Mans effeminate slackness it begins. 
Said th' Angel, who should better hold his place 
By wisdome, and superiour gifts receavd. 
But now prepare thee for another Scene. 

He lookd and saw wide Territorie spred 
Before him. Towns, and rural works between, 
Cities of Men with lofty Gates and Towrs, 
Concours in Arms, fierce Faces threatning Warr, 
Giants of mightie Bone, and bould emprise ; 
Part wield thir Arms, part courb the foaming Steed, 
Single or in Array of Battel rang'd 
(4M) 



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:.xi.] Taradise Lost. 

Both Horse and Foot, nor idely mustring stood ; 

One way a Band select from forage drives 

A herd of Beeves, faire Oxen and faire Kine 

From a fat Meddow ground; or fleecy Flock, 

Ewes and thir bleating Lambs over the Plaine, 

Thir Bootie; scarce with Life the Shepherds flye, 

But call in aide, which tacks a bloody Fray; 

With cruel Tournament the Squadrons joine ; 

Where Cattel pastur'd late, now scatterd lies 

With Carcasses and Arms th' ensanguind Field 6 

Deserted: Others to a Citie strong 

Lay Siege, encampt ; by Batterie, Scale, and Mine, 

Assaulting; others from the Wall defend 

With Dart and Jav'lin, Stones and sulfurous Fire; 

On each hand slaughter and gigantic deeds. 

In other part the scepter'd Haralds call 

To Council in the Citie Gates : anon 

Grey-headed men and grave, with Warriours mixt, 

Assemble, and Harangues are heard, but soon 

In factious opposition,' till at last 6 

Of middle Age one rising, eminent 

In wise deport, spake much of Right and Wsong, 

Of Justice, of Religion, Truth and Peace, 

And Judgement from above : him old and young 

Exploded, and had seiz'd with violent hands. 

Had not a Cloud descending snatch'd him thence 

Unseen amid the throng ; so violence 

Proceeded, and Oppression, and Sword-Law 

Through all the Plain, and refuge none was found. 

Adam was all in tears, and to his guide 6 

Lamenting tumd full sad ; what are these, 

Deaths Ministers, not Men, who thus deal Death 

Inhumanly to men, and multiply 

Ten thousand fould the sin of him who slew 

His Brother ; for of whom such massacher 

Make they but of thir Brethren, men of men ? 

But who was that Just Man, whom had not Heav'n 

Rescu'd, had in his Righteousness bin lost? 

To whom thus Michael; These are the product 
Of those ill-mated Marriages thou saw'st; &■ 

Where good with bad were matcht, who of themselves 

647 ta.cks] makes '6j4 

U'i) 



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'Paradise host. 

Abhor to joyn ; ; 

Produce prodigioi 

Such were these Giants, men of high renown ; 

For in those dayes Might onely shall be admir'd, 

And Valour and Heroic Vertu call'd ; 

To overcome in Battel, and subdue 

Nations, and bring home spoils with infinite 

Man-slaughter, shall be held the highest pitch 

Of human Glorie, and for Glorie done 

Of triumph, to be styl'd great Conquerours, 

Patrons of Mankind, Gods, and Sons of Gods, 

Destroyers rightlier call'd and Plagues of men. 

Thus Fame shall be achiev'd, renown on Earth, 

And what most merits fame in silence hid. 

But hee the seventh from thee, whom thou beheldst 

The onely righteous in a World perverse. 

And therefore hated, therefore so beset 

With Foes for daring single to be just. 

And utter odious Truth, that God would come 

To judge them with his Saints : Him the most High 

Rapt in a balmie Cloud with winged Steeds 

Did, as thou sawst, receave, to walk with God 

High in Salvation and the Climes of bliss, 

Exempt from Death ; to shew thee what reward 

Awaits the good, the rest what punishment ; 

Which now direct thine eyes and soon behold. 

He look'd, & saw the face of things quite chang'd ; 
The brazen Throat of Warr had ceast to roar, 
All now was tum'd to jollitie and game, \ 

To luxurie and riot, feast and dance. 
Marrying or prostituting, as befell, 
Rape or Adulterie, where passing faire 
AUurd them ; thence from Cups to civil Broiles. 
At length a Reverend Sire among them came. 
And of thir doings great dislike declar'd. 
And testifi'd against thir wayes ; hee oft 
Frequented thir Assemblies, whereso met. 
Triumphs or Festivals, and to them preachd 
Conversion and Repentance, as to Souls ; 

In prison under Judgements imminent: 
But all in vain t which when he saw, he ceas'd 
Contending, and remov'd his Tents farr off; 
{4.6) 



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.XI.] Taradise Lost. 

Then from the Mountain hewing Timber tall, 

Began to build a Vessel of huge bulk, 

Measuv'd by Cubit, length, & breadth, and highth, 

Snieard round with Pitch, and in the side a dore 

Contriv'd, and of provisions laid in large 

For Man and Beast ; when loe a wonder strange ! 

Of everie Beast, and Bird, and Insect small 

Came seavens, and pairs, and enterd in, as taught 

Thir order ; last the Sire, and his three Sons 

With thir four Wives; and God made fast the dore. 

Meanwhile the Southwind rose, & with black wings 

Wide hovering, all the Clouds together drove 

From under Heav'n ; the Hills to their supplie 

Vapour, and Exhalation dusk and moist. 

Sent up amain ; and now the thick'nd Skie 

Like a dark Ceeling stood ; down rush'd the Rain 

Impetuous, and continu'd till the Earth 



No more -n-as seen ; the 1 


boating Vessel swum 


Upliff'd ■ and secure with beiked prow 


Rode 1 g 1 


11 dw 11 g 1 e 


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Taradise Lost. Cbk.xi. 

With thought that they must be. Let no man seek 
Henceforth to be foretold what shall befall 
Him or his Children, evil he may be sure, 
Which neither his foreknowing can prevent, 
And hee the future evil shall no less j^o 

In apprehension then in substance feel 
Grievous to bear: but that care now is past, 
Man is not whom to warne : those few escap't 
Famin and anguish will at last consume 
Wandring that watrie Desert : I had hope 
When violence was ceas't, and Warr on Earth, 
All would have then gon well, peace would have crownd 
With length of happy days the race of man ; 
But I was farr deceav'd; for now I see 
Peace to corrupt no less then Warr to waste. 780 

How comes it thus? unfould, Celestial Guide, 
And whether here the Race of man will end. 
To whom thus Michael. Those whom last thou sawst 
In triumph and luxurious wealth, are they 
First seen in acts of prowess eminent 
And great exploits, but of true vertu void ; 
Who having spilt much blood, and don much waste 
Subduing Nations, and achievd thereby 
Fame in the World, high titles, and rich prey, 
Shall change thir course to pleasure, ease, and sloth, 790 
Surfet, and lust, till wantonness and pride 
Raise out of friendship hostil deeds in Peace. 
The conquerd also, and enslav'd by Warr 
Shall with thir freedom lost all vertu loose 
And feare of God, from whom thir pietie feign'd 
In sharp contest of Battel found no aide 
Against invaders ; therefore coold in zeale 
Thenceforth shall practice how to live secure, 
Worldlie or dissolute, on what thir Lords 
Shall leave them to enjoy ; for th' Earth shall bear 800 
More than anough, that temperance may be tri'd : 
So all shall turn degenerate, all deprav'd. 
Justice and Temperance, Truth and Faith forgot ; 
One Man except, the onely Son of light 
In a dark Age, against example good, 
Against allurement, custom, and a World 
Offended ; fearless of reproach and scorn, 
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C.3I.] Taradise Lost. 



Or violence, hee of thir wicked wayes 

Shall them admonish, and before them set 

The paths of righteousness, how much more safe, 

And full of peace, denouncing wrauth to come 

On thir impenitence ; and shall returne 

Of them derided, but of God observd 

The one just :Man alive ; by his command 

Shall build a wondrous Ark, as thou beheldst, 

To save himself and houshold from amidst 

A World devote to universal rack. 

No sooner hee with them of Man and Beast 

Select for life shall in the Ark be lodg'd, 

And shelterd round, but all the Cataracts 

Of Heav'n set open on the Earth shall powre 

Raine day and night, all fountaines of the Deep 

Broke up, shall heave the Ocean to usurp 

Beyond all bounds, till inundation rise 

Above the highest Hills : then shall this Mount 

Of Paradise by might of Waves be moovd 

Out of his place, pushd by the homed lioud, 

With all his verdure spoil'd, and Trees adrift 

Down the great River to'the op'ning Gulf, 

And there take root an Hand salt and bare. 

The- haunt of Seales and Ores, and Sea-mews clang. 

To teach thee that God attributes to place 

No sanctitie, if none be thither brought 

By Men who there frequent, or therein dwell. 

And now what further shall ensue, behold. 

He lookd, and saw the Ark hull on the fioud. 
Which now abated, for the Clouds were tied, 
Drivn by a keen North-winde, that blowing drie 
Wrinkl'd the face of Deluge, as decai'd ; 
And the cleer Sun on his wide watrie Glass 
Gaz'd hot, and of the fresh Wave largely drew. 
As after thirst, which made thir flowing shrmk 
From standing lake to tripping ebbe, that stole 
With soft foot towards the deep, who now had stopt 
His Sluces, as the Heav'n his windovts shut 
The Ark no more now flotes, but seems on gtound 
Fast on the top of som high mountam fixt. 
And now the tops of Hills as Rocks appeer; 
With clamor thence, the rapid Currents drive 
(4*9) 



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Varadise Lost. 



[u 



Towards the retreating Sea thir furious tyde. 
Forthwith from out the Arke a Raven flies, 
And after him, the surer messenger, 
A Dove sent forth once and agen to spie 
Green Tree or ground whereon, his foot may light ; 
The second time returning, in his Ei]l 
An Ohve leafe he brings, pacific signe : 
Anon drie ground appeers, and from his Arke 
The ancient Sire descends with all his Train ; 
Then with uplifted hands, and eyes devout. 
Grateful to Heav'n, over his head beholds 
A dewie Cloud, and in the Cloud a Bow 
Conspicuous with three listed colours gay, 
Betok'ning peace from God, and Cov'nant new. 
Whereat the heart of Adam erst so sad 
Greatly rejoyc'd, and thus his joy broke forth. 

O thou that future things canst represent 
As present, Heav'nly instructer, I revive 
At this last sight, assur'd that Man shall live 
With all the Creatures, and thir seed preserve. 
Farr less I now lament for one whole World 
Of wicked Sons destroyd, then I rejoyce 
For one Man found so perfet and so just. 
That God voutsafes to raise another World 
From him, and all his anger to forget. 
But say, what mean those colourd streaks in Heavn, 
Distended as the Brow of God appeas'd. 
Or serve they as a flourie verge to binde 
The fluid skirts of that same watrie Cloud, 
Least it again dissolve and showr the Earth? 

To whom th' Archangel. Dextrously thou aim'st; 
So willingly doth God remit his Ire, 
Though late repenting him of Man deprav'd, 
Griev'd at his heart, when looking down he saw 
The whole Earth fiU'd with violence, and all flesh 
Corrupting each thir way; yet those remoov'd, 
Such grace shall one just Man find in his sight, 
That he relents, not to blot out mankind, 
And makes a Covenant never to destroy 
The Earth again by flood, nor let the Sea 
Surpass his bounds, nor Rain to drown the World 
866 ihat] who 1674 



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- XI.] Taradise Lost 

With Man therein or Beast; but when he brings 

Over the Earth a Cloud, will therein set 

His triple-colour'd Bow, whereon to look 

And call to mind his Cov'nant : Day and Night, 

Seed time and Harvest, Heat and hoary Frost 

Shall hold thir course, till iire purge all things new, 

Both Heav'n and Earth, wherein the just shall dwell. 



The End of the Eleventh . 



(43O 



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PARADISE LOST. 

BOOK XII. 

THE ARGUMENT. 

The Angel Micha.el continues from the Flood to relate •wkat shall 
succeed; then, in the mention ^Abraham, comes by degrees to explain, 
who that Seed of the Woman shall be, which was promised Adam and 
Eve in the Fall ; his Incarnation, Death, Resurrection, laid Asceniion; 
the state of the Church till his second Coming. Adam greatly satisfied 
and recomforied by these Relations and Promises descends the Hill with 
Michael ; wak^ts Eve, who all this while had slept, but with gentle 
dreams compos'd to quietness of mind and submission. Michael in 
either hand leads them out of Paradise, the fiery S-word waving behind ,. 
them, and the Cherubim, taking thir Stations to guard the Place. 

[As one who in his journey bates at Noone, 
Though bent on speed, so heer the Archangel paus'd 
Betwixt the world destroy 'd and world restor'd. 
If Adam aught perhaps might interpose ; 



Then with transition sweet new Speech 


resumes.] 


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Arguvnen A ] m od relates, and 

by degrees explains who that seed ibb,. 

i~5 These five lines were added in the Second Edition (1674) when the 
original tenth book was divided into an eleventh and twelfth. 

(43=) 



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■ XII.] Taradise Lost, 

And while the dread of judgement past remains 
Fresh in thir mindes, fearing the Deitie, 
With some regard to what is just and right 
Shall lead thir lives, and multiplie apace, 
Labouring the soile, and reaping plenteous crop, 
Corn wine and oyle; and from the herd or flock. 
Oft sacrificing Bullock, Lamb, or Kid, 
With large Wine-offerings pour'd, and sacred Feast 
Shal spend thir dayes in joy unblam'd, and dwell 
Long time in peace by Families and Tribes 
Under paternal rule; till one shall rise 
Of proud ambitious heart, who not content 
With fair equalitie, fraternal slate, 
Will arrogate Dominion undeserv'd 
Over his brethren, and quite dispossess 
Concord and law of Nature from the Earth ; 
Hunting (and Men not Beasts shall be his game) 
With Warr and hostile snare such as refuse 
Subjection to his Empire tyrannous : 
A mightie Hunter thence he shall be styl'd 
Before the Lord, as in despite of Heav'n, 
Or- from Heav'n claming second Sovrantie j 
And from Rebellion shall derive his name, 
Though of Rebellion others he accuse. 
Hee with a crew, whom like Ambition joyns 
With him or under him to tyrannize, 
Marching from Sden towards the West, shall finde 
The Plain, wherein a black bituminous giirge 
Boiles out from under ground, the mouth of Hell ; 
Of Brick, and of that stuif they cast to build 
A Citie & Towre, whose top may reach to Heav'n; 
And get themselves a name, least far disperst 
In foraign Lands thir memorie be lost. 
Regardless whether good or evil fame. 
But God who oft descends to visit men 
Unseen, and through thir habitations walks 
To mark thir doings, them beholding soon, 
Comes down to see thir Citie, ere the Tower 
Obstruct Heav'n Towrs, and in derision sets 
Upon thir Tongues a various Spirit to rase 
Quite out thir Native Language, and instead 
To sow a jangling noise of words unknown ; 
(«3) >f 



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"Paradise Lost. [bk. 

Forthwith a hideous gabble rises loud 

Among the Builders ; each to other calls 

Not understood, till hoarse, and all in rage. 

As mockt they storm ; great laughter was in Heav'n 

And looking down, to see the hubbub strange 

And hear the din ; thus was the building left 

Ridiculous, and the work Confusion nam'd. 

Whereto thus Adam fatherly displeas'd. 
O execrable Son so to aspire 
Above his Brethren, to himself assuming 
Authoritie usurpt, from God not giv'n : 
He gave us onely over Beast, Fish, Fowl 
Dominion absolute ; that right we hold 
By his donation ; but Man over men 
He made not Lord ; such title to himself 
Reserving, human left from human free. 
But this Usurper his encroachment proud 
Stayes not on Man ; to God his Tower intends 
Siege and defiance : Wretched man ! what food 
Will he convey up thither to sustain 
Himself and his rash Armie, where thin Aire 
Above the Clouds will pine his entrails gross, 
And famish him of Breath, if not of Bread? 

To whom thus Michael. Justly thou abhorr'st 
That Son, who on the quiet state of men 
Such trouble brought, affecting to subdue 
Rational Libertie ; yet know withall, 
Since thy original lapse, true Libertie 
Is lost, which alwayes with right Reason dwells 
Twinn'd, and from her hath no dividual being : 
Reason in man obscur'd, or not obeyd, 
Immediately inordinate desires 
And upstart Passions catch the Government 
From Reason, and to servitude reduce 
Man till then free. Therefore since hee permits 
Within himself unworthie Powers to reign 
Over free Reason, God in Judgement just 
Subjects him from without to violent Lords ; 
Who oft as undeservedly enthrall 
His outward freedom : Tyrannie must be, 
Though to the Tyrant thereby no excuse, 
Vet somtimes Nations will decline so low 
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.sii.] "Paradise Lost. 

From vertue, which is reason, that no wrong, 
But Justice, and some fetal curse annext 
Deprives them of thir outward libertie, 
Thir inward lost: Witness th' irreverent Son 
Of him who built the Ark, who for the shame 
Don to his Father, heard this heavie curse. 
Servant of Servants, on his vitious Race, 
Thus will this latter, as the former World, 
Still tend from bad to worse, till God at last 
Wearied with their iniquities, withdraw 
His presence from among them, and avert 
His holy Eyes ; resolving from thenceforth 
To leave them to thir own polluted wayes; 
And one peculiar Nation to select 
From all the rest, of whom to be invok'd, 
A Nation from one faithful man to spring: 
Him on this side Euphrates yet residing, 
Bred up in Idol-worship ; O that men 
(Canst thou believe'?)' should be so stupid grown. 
While yet the Patriark liv'd, who scap'd the Flood, 
As to forsake the living God, and fall 
'["o worship thir own work in Wood and Stone 
For Gods ! yet him God the most High voulsafes 
To call by Vision from his Fathers house, 
His kindred and false Gods, into a Land 
Which he will shew him, and from him will raise 
A mightie Nation, and upon him showre 
His benediction so, that in his Seed 
All Nations shall be blest ; hee straight obeys, 
Not knowing to what Land, yet firm believes : 
I see him, but thou canst not, with what Faith 
He leaves his Gods, his Friends, and native Soile 
Ur of Chaldma, passing now the Ford 
To Haran, after him a cumbrous Train 
Of Herds and Flocks, and numerous servitude ; 
Not wandring poor, but trusting all his wealth 
With God, who call'd him, in a land unknown. 
Canaan he now attains, I see his Tents 
Pitcht about Sechem, and the neighbouring Plaine 
Of Moreh ; there by promise he receaves 
Gift to his Progenie of all that Land ; 
From Hamath Northward to the Desert South 
(435) F f 2 



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Taradise Lost. [bk.xi 

(Things by thir names I call, though yet unnam'd^ i. 
From Herman East to the great Western Sea, 
Mount Herman, yonder Sea, each place behold 
In prospect, as I point them ; on the shoare 
Mount Carmel; here the double-founted stream 
Jordan, true limit Eastward ; but his Sons 
Shall dwell to Senir, that long ridge of Hills. 
This ponder, that all Nations of the Earth 
Shall in his Seed be blessed; by that Seed 
Is meant thy great deliverer, who shall bruise 
The Serpents head; whereof to thee anon ii 

PlainUer shall be reveald. This Patriarch blest. 
Whom faithful Abraham due time shall call, 
A Son, and of his Son a Grand-childe leaves. 
Like him in faith, in wisdom, and renown ; 
The Grandchilde with twelve Sons increast, departs 
From Canaan, to a land hereafter call'd 
Mgypt, divided by the River Nik; 
See where it flows, disgorging at seaven mouthes 
Into the Sea : to sojourn in that Land 
He comes invited by a yonger Son ii 

In time of dearth, a Son whose worthy deeds 
Raise him to be the second in that Realme 
Of Pharao : there he dies, and leaves his Race 
Growing into a Nation, and now grown 
Suspected to a sequent King, who seeks 
To stop thir overgrowth, as inmate guests 
Too numerous ; whence of guests he makes them slaves 
Inhospitably, and kills thir infant Males ; 
TiU by two brethren (those two brethren call 
Moses and Aaron) sent from God to claime i 

His people from enthralment, they return 
With glory and spoile back to thir promis'd Land. 
But first the lawless Tyrant, who denies 
To know thir God, or message to regard, 
Mast be compelld by Signes and Judgements dire ; 
To blood unshed the Rivers must be turnd, 
Frc^s, Lice and Flies must all his Palace fill 
With loath'd intrusion, and fill all the land ; 
His Cattel must of Rot and Murren die. 
Botches and blaines must all his flesh imboss, i 

And all his people ; Thunder mixt with Haile, 
(436) 



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.XII.] Taradise Lost. 

Haile mixt with fire must rend th' Egyptian Skie 
And wheel on th' Earth, devouring where it rouls; 
What it devours not, Herb, or Fruitj or Graine, 
A darksom Cloud of Lxicusts swarming down 
Must eat, and on the ground leave nothing green ; 
Darkness must overshadow all his bounds, 
Palpable darkness, and blot out three dayes; 
Last with one midnight stroke all the first-bom 
Of Egypt must lie dead. Thus with ten wounds 
This River-dragon tam'd at length submits 
To let his sojourners depart, and oft 
Humbles his stubborn heart, but still as Ice 
More hard'nd after thaw, till in his rage 
Pursuing whom he late dismissd, the Sea 
Swallows him with his Host, but them lets pass 
As on drie land between two christal walls, 
Aw'd by the rod of Moses so to stand 
Divided, till his rescu'd gain thir shoar : 
Such wondrous power God to his Saint will lend. 
Though present in his Angel, who shall goe 
Before them in a Cloud, and Pillar of Fire, 
By day a Cloud, by night a Pillar of Fire, 
To guide them in thir journey, and remove 
Behinde them, while th' obdurat King pursues : 
All night he will pursue, but his approach 
Darkness defends between till morning Watch ; 
Then through the Firey Pillar and the Cloud 
God looking forth will trouble all his Host 
And craze thir Chariot wheels : when by command 
Moses once more his potent Rod extends 
Over the Sea; the Sea his Rod obeys; 
On thir imbattelld ranks the Waves return, 
And overwhelm thir Warr : the Race elect 
Safe towards Canaan from the shoar advance 
Through the wilde Desert, not the readiest way. 
Least entring on the Canaanite allarmd 
Warr terrifie them inexpert, and feare 
Return them back to Egypt, choosing rather 
Inglorious life with servitude; for life 
To noble and ignoble is more sweet 
Untraind in Armes, where rashness leads not on. 
191 This] The idy^ 



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Taradise Lost. [bk. 

This also shall they gain by thir delay 
In the wide Wilderness, there they shall found 
Thir government, and thir great Senate choose 
Through the twelve Tribes, to rule by Laws ordaind : 
God from the Mount of Sinai, whose gray top 
Shall tremble, he descending, will himself 
In Thunder Lightning and loud Trumpets sound 
Ordaine them Lawes ; part such as appertaine 
To civil Justice, part religious Rites 
Of sacrifice, informing them, by types 
And shadowes, of that destind Seed to bruise 
The Serpent, by what meanes he shall achieve 
Mankinds deliverance. But the voice of God 
To mortal eare is dreadful; they beseech 
That Moses might report to them his will, 
And terror cease; he grants them thir desire, 
Instructed that to God is no access 
Without Mediator, whose high Office now 
Moses in figure beares, to introduce 
One greater, of whose day he shall foretell, 
And all the Prophets in thir Age, the times 
Of great Messiah shall sing. Thus Laws and Rites 
Establisht, such delight hath God in Men 
Obedient to his will, that he voutsafes 
Among them to set up his Tabernacle, 
The holy One with mortal Men to dwell: 
By his prescript a Sanctuary is fram'd 
Of Cedar, overlaid with Gold, therein 
An Ark, and in the Ark his Testimony, 
The Records of his Cov'nant, over these 
A Mercie-seat of Gold between the wings 
Of two bright Cherubim, before him burn 
Seaven Lamps as in a Zodiac representing 
The Heav'nly fires; over the Tent a Cloud 
Shall rest by Day, a fierie gleame by Night, 
Save when they journie, and at length they come. 
Conducted by his Angel to the Land 
Promisd to Abraham and his Seed: the rest 
Were long to tell, how many Battels fought, 
How many Kings destroyd, and Kingdoms won, 
Or how the Sun shall in mid Heav'n stand still 
238 them thir desire] what they besaught z6y^ 

(43S) 



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XII.] 'Paradise Lost. 

A day entire, and Nights due course adjoume, 
Mans voice commanding, Sun in Gibeon stand, 
And thou Moon in the vale of Atalon, 
Till Israel overcome; so call the third 
From Abraham, Son of Isaac, and from him 
His whole descent, who thus shall Canaan win. 

Here Adam interpos'd. sent from Heav'n, 
Enlightner of my darkness, gracious things 
Thou hast reveald, those chiefly which concerne 
Just Abraham and his Seed : now first I finde 
Mine eyes true op'ning, and my heart much eas'd, 
Erwhile perplext with thoughts what would becom 
Of mee and all Mankind ; but now I see 
His day, in whom all Nations shall be blest. 
Favour unmerited by me, who sought 
Forbidd'n knowledge by forbidd'n means. 
This yet I apprehend not, why to those 
Among whom God will deigne to dwell on Earth 
So many and so various Laws are giv'n; 
So many Laws argue so many sins 
Among them; how can God with such reside? 

To whom thus Michael. Doubt not but that sin 
Will reign among them, as of thee begot ; 
And therefore was Law given them to evince 
Thir natural pravitie, by stirring up 
Sin against liiw to fight; that when they see 
Law can discover sin, but not remove. 
Save by those shadowie expiations weak, 
The hloud of Bulls and Goats, they may conclude 
Some hloud more precious must be paid for Man, 
Just for unjust, that in such righteousness 
To them by Faith imputed, they may finde 
Justification towards God, and peace 
Of Conscience, which the Law by Ceremonies 
Cannot appease, nor Man the moral part 
Perform, and not performing cannot live. 
So Law appears imperfet, and but giv'n ; 

With purpose to resign them in full time 
Up to a better Cov'nant, disciphn'd 
From shadowie Types to Truth, from Flesh to Spirit, 
From imposition of strict Laws, to free 
Acceptance of lai^e Grace, from servil fear 
(439) 



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Taradise Lost. b-'^^- 

To filial, works of Law to works of Faith. 
And therefore shall not Moses, though of God 
Highly belov'd, being but the Minister 
Of Law, his people into Canaan lead; 
But Joshua whom the Gentiles Jesus call, 
His Name and Office bearing, who shall quell 
The adversarie Serpent, and bring back 
Through the worlds wilderness long wanderd man 
Safe to eternal Paradise of rest. 
Meanwhile they in thir earthly Canaan plac't 
Long time shall dwell and prosper, but when sins 
National interrupt thir public peace. 
Provoking God to raise them enemies ; 
From whom as oft he saves them penitent 
By Judges first, then under Kings ; of whom 
The second, both for pjetie renownd 
And puissant deeds, a promise shall receive 
Irrevocable, that his Regal Throne 
For ever shall endure ; the like shall sing 
All Prophede, That of the Royal Stock 
Of David (so I name this King) shall rise 
A Son, the Womans Seed to thee foretold. 
Foretold to Abraham, as in whom shall trust 
All Nations, and to Kings foretold, of Kings 
The last, for of his Reign shall be no end. 
But first a long succession must ensue, 
And his next Son for Wealth and Wisdom fam'd, 
The clouded Ark of God till then in Tents 
Wandring, shall in a glorious Temple enshrine. 
Such follow him, as shall be registerd 
Part good, part bad, of bad the longer scrowle. 
Whose foul Idolatries, and other faults 
Heapt to the popular summe, will so incense 
God, as to leave them, and expose thir Land, 
Thir Citie, his Temple, and his holy Ark 
With all his sacred things, a scorn and prey 
To that proud Citie, whose high Walls thou saw'st 
Left in confusion, Babylon thence call'd. 
There in captivitie he lets them dwell 
The space of seventie years, then brings them back, 
Remembring merciej and his Cov'nant sworn 
To David, stablisht as the dayes of Heav'n. 
(440) 



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.XII.] Taradise Lost. 

Returnd from Babylon by leave of Kings 

Thir Lords, whom God dispos'd, the house of God 

They first re-edifie, and for a while ; 

In mean estate live moderate, till grown 

In wealth and nmltitude, factious they grow; 

But first among the Priests dissension springs, 

Men who attend the Altar, and should most 

Endeavour Peace i thir strife pollution brings 

Upon the Temple it self: at last they seise 

The Scepter, and regard not Davids Sons, 

Then loose it to a stranger, that the true 

Anointed King Messiah m^ht be born 

Barr'd of his right ; yet at his Uirth a Starr ; 

Unseen before in Heav'ii proclaims him com, 

And guides the Eastern Sages, who enquire 

His place, to offer Incense, Myrrh, and Gold; 

His place of birth a solemn Angel tells 

To simple Shepherds, keeping watch by night; 

They gladly thither haste, and by a Quire 

Of squadrond Angels hear his Carol sung. 

A Virgin is his Mother, but his Sire 

The Power of the most High ; he shall ascend 

The Throne hereditarie, and bound his Reign ; 

With earths wide bounds, his glory with the Heav'ns. 

He ceas'd, discerning Adam with such joy 
Surcharg'd, as had like grief bin dew'd in tears, 
Without the vent of words, which these he breathd. 

O Prophet of glad tidings, finisher 
Of utmost hope ! now clear I understand 
What oft my steddiest thoughts have searcht in vain. 
Why our great expectation should be call'd 
The seed of Woman ; Virgin Mother, Haile, 
High in the love of Heav'n, yet from my Loynes ; 

Thou shalt proceed, and from thy Womb the Son 
Of God most High; So God with man unites. 
Needs must the Serpent now his capital bruise 
Expect with mortal paine : say where and when 
Thir fight, what stroke shall bruise the Victors heel. 

To whom thus Michael. Dream not of thir fight, 
As of a Duel, or the local wounds 
Of head or heel: not therefore joynes the Son 
Manhood to God-head, with more strength to foil 
(44') 



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Taradise Lost. 



Thy enemie; nor so is overcome 
Satan, whose fall from Heav'n, a deadlier bruise, 
Disabi'd not to give thee thy deaths wound : 
Which hee, who comes thy Savioar, shall recure, 
Not by destroying Satan, but his works 
In thee and in thy Seed : nor can this be, 
But by fulfilling that which thou didst want, 
Obedience to the Law of God, impos'd 
On penaltie of death, and suffering death, 
The penaltie to thy transgression due, 
And due to theirs which out of thine will grow : 
So onely can high Justice rest appaid. 
The Law of God exact he shall fulfill 
Both by obedience and by love, though love 
Alone fulfill the Law ; thy punishment 
He shall endure by coming in the Flesh 
To a reprmchful life and cursed death, 
Proclaming Life to all who shall believe 
In his redemption, and that his obedience 
Imputed becomes theirs by Faith, his merits 
To save them, not thir own, though legal works. 
For this he shall live hated, be blasphem'd, 
Seis'd on by force, judg'd, and to death condemnd 
A shameful and accurst, naild to the Cross 
By his own Nation, slaine for bringing Life; 
But to the Cross he nailes thy Enemies, 
The Law that is against thee, and the sins 
Of all mankinde, with him there crucifi'd. 
Never to hurt them more who rightly trust 
In this his satisfaction ; so he dies, 
But soon revives. Death over him no power 
Shall long usurp; ere the third dawning light 
Returne, the Starres of Morn shall see him rise 
Out of his grave, fresh as the dawning light. 
Thy ransom paid, which Man from death redeems, 
His death for Man, as many as ofTetd Life 
Neglect not, and the benefit imbrace 
By Faith not void of workes : this God-like act 
Annuls thy doom, the death thou shouldst have dy'd, 
In sin for ever lost from life ; this act 
Shall bruise the head of Satan, crush his strength 
Defeatii^ Sin and Death, his two maine armes, 
(440 



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BK.xii.} Taradise Lost. 

And fix farr deeper in his head thir stings 

Then temporal death shall braise the Victors heel, 

Or theirs whom he redeems, a death like sleep, 

A gentle wafting to immortal Life. 

Nor after resurrection shall he stay 

Longer on Earth then certame times to appeer 

To his Disciples, Men who m his Life 

Still follow'd him ; to them shall leave in chaise 

To teach all nations what of him they learn'd 

And his Salvation, them who shall beleeve 

Baptizing in the profluent streame, the signe 

Of washing them from guilt of sin to Life 

Pure, and in mind prepar'd, if so befall, 

For death, like that which the redeemer dy'd. 

All Nations they shall teach ; for from that day 

Not onely to the Sons of Abrahams Loines 

Salvation shall be Preacht, but to the Sons 

Of Abrahams Faith wherever through the world ; 

So in his seed- all Nations shall be blest. 

Then to the Heav'n of Heav'ns he shall ascend 

With victory, triumphing through the aire 

Over his foes and thine ; there shall surprise 

The Serpent, Prince of aire, and drag in Chaines 

Through all his realme, & there confounded leave; 

Then enter into glory, and resume 

His Seat at Gods right hand, exalted high 

Above all names in Heav'n; and thence shall come, 

When this worlds dissolution shall be ripe. 

With glory and power to judge both quick & dead 

To judge th' unfaithful dead, but to reward 

His faithful, and receave them into bliss, 

Whether in Heav'n or Earth, for then the Earth 

Shall all he Paradise, far happier place 

Then this of Edtn, and far happier daies. 

So spake th' Archangel Michaet, then paus'd. 
As at the Worlds great period; and our Sire 
Replete with joy and wonder thus repli'd. 

O goodness infinite, goodness immense ! 
That all this good of evil shall produce. 
And evil turn to good ; more wonderful 
Then that by which creation first brought forth 
Light out of darkness ! full of doubt I stand, 

(443) 



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'Paradise Lost. [bk. xi 

Wheiher I should repent me now of sin 

By mee done and occasiond, or rejoyce 

Much more, that much more good thereof shall spring, 

To God more glory, more good will to Men 

From God, and over wrauth grace shall abound. 

But say, if our deliverer up to Heav'n 

Must reascend, what will betide the few ^i 

His faithful, left among th' unfaithful herd, 

The enemies of truth; who then shall guide 

His people, who defend ? will they not deale 

Wors with his followers then with him they dealt? 

Be sure they will, said th' Angel; hut from Heav'n 
Hee to his own a Comforter will send, 
The promise of the Father, who shall dwell 
His Spirit within them, and the Law of Faith 
Working through love, upon thir hearts shall write, 
To guide them in all truth, and also arme 4c 

With spiritual Armour, able to resist 
Saians assaults, and quench his fierie darts. 
What Man can do against them, not affraid. 
Though to the death, against such cruelties 
With inward consolations recompenc't, 
And oft supported so as shall amaze 
Thir proudest persecuters : for the Spirit 
Powrd first on his Apostles, whom he sends 
To evangelize the Nations, then on all 
Eaptiz'd, shall them with wondrous gifts endue 5c 

To speak all Tongues, and do all Miracles, 
As did thir Lord before them. Thus they win 
Great numbers of each Nation to receave 
With joy the tidings brought from Heav'n : at length 
Thir Ministry perform'd, and race well run, 
Thir doctrine and thir story written left. 
They die; but in thir room, as they forewame, 
Wolves shall succeed for teachers, grievous Wolves, 
Who all the sacred mysteries of Heav'n 
To thir own vile advantages shall turne 51 

Of lucre and ambition, and the truth 
With superstitions and traditions taint, 
Left onely in those written Records pure, 
Though not but by the Spirit understood. 
Then shall they seek to avail themselves of names, 
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xii] 'Paradise Lost. 

Places and titles, and with these to joine 
Secular power, though feigning still to act 
By spiritual, to themselves appropriating 
The Spirit of God, promisd alike and giv'n 
To all Beleevers ; and from that pretense. 
Spiritual Lawes by carnal power shall force 
On every conscience; Laws which none shall finde 
Left them inrould, or what the Spirit within 
Shall on the heart engrave. What will they then 
But force the Spirit of Grace it self, and binde 
His consort Libertie ; what, but unbuild 
His li * g Temp! b 'It by F 'th to stand, 



Thir wn Fai h h f 


n Earth 


Who g F h d 


an be heard 


Infallbl ? J m J Up 




Whe ii p h 11 


e 


On all h b hp p 




Of S d Tru h h f 


reater part, 


Will dm ard R d 


p cious formes 


Religi sa fi d Tru h h 1! 




Bestu L h 1 dr d d 


orks of Faith 


Rarely b f d h 11 h \ 


Id goe on, 


To good m ^ b d 1 


igne. 


Und h h g 


11 the day 


Appe f p h 




And h k d 




Of him 1 ly p d h 


d. 


The d b h h 


retold. 


Now m 1 k hy S 


d thy Lord, 


Last h CI d f Hea 


be reveaid 



In gl ry f h F h d 1 

Satan h h p d W Id n raise 

From the conflagrant mass, purg'd and refin'd. 
New Heav'ns, new Earth, Ages of endless date 
Founded in righteousness and peace and love. 
To bring forth fruits Joy and eternal Bliss. 
He ended ; and thus Adam last reply'd. 
How soon hath thy prediction. Seer blest, 
Measur'd this transient World, the Race of time. 
Till time stand fist : beyond is all abyss, 
Etemitie, whose end no eye can reach. 
Greatly instructed I shall hence depart. 
{445) 



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Taradise Lost. Cbk 

Greatly in peace of thought, and have my fill 

Of knowledge, what this vessel can containe ; 

Beyond which was my folly to aspire. 

Henceforth I learne, that to obey is best. 

And love with feare the onely God, to walk 

As in his presence, ever to observe 

His providence, and on him sole depend, 

Merciful over all his works, with good 

Still overcoming evil, and by small 

Accomplishing great things, by things deemd weak 

Subverting worldly strong, and worldly wise 

By simply ek that siiffering for Truths sake 

Is fort d h h t victorie. 

And he fa hf 1 Death the Gate of Life ; 

Taugh h by h sample whom I now 

Ackn wl d y R deemer ever blest. 

To wh n h I o th' Angel last repli'd : 
This ha 1 hou hast attained the summe 

Of wisdom; hope no higher, though all the Starrs 
Thou knewst by name, and all th' ethereal Powers, 
All secrets of the deep, all Natures works, 
Or works of God in Heav'n, Air, Earth, or Sea, 
And all the riches of this World enjoydst, 
And all the rule, one Empire ; onely add 
Deeds Co thy knowledge answerable, add Faith, 
Add Vertue, Patience, Temperance, add Love, 
By name to come call'd Charitie, the soul 
Of all the rest : then wilt thou not be loath 
To leave this Paradise, but shalt possess 
A Paradise within thee, happier fatr. 
Let us descend now therefore from this top 
Of Speculation; for the hour precise 
Exacts our parting hence; and see the Guards, 
By mee encampt on yonder Hill, expect 
Thir motion, at whose Front a flaming Sword, 
In signal of remove, waves fiercely round j 
We may no longer stay: go, waken Em; 
Her also I with gentle Dreams have calm'd 
Portending good, and all her spirits compos'd 
To meek submission : thou at season fit 
Let her with thee partake what thou hast heard, 
Chiefly what may concern her Fdth to know, 
(446) 



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BK. xn.] ^Paradise Lost. 

The great deliverance by her Seed to come 
{For by the Womans Seed) on all Mankind. 
That ye may live, which will be many dayes, 
Both in one Faith unanimous though sad. 
With cause for evils past, yet much niore cheer'd 
With meditation on the happie end. 

He ended, and they both descend the HiO; 
Descended, Adam to the Bowre where Evs 
Lay sleeping ran before, but found her wak't ; 
And thus with words not sad she him receav'd. 

Whence thou returnst, & whither wentst, I know; 
For God is also in sleep, and Dreams advise, 
Which he hath sent propitious, some great good 
Presaging, since with sorrow and hearts distress 
Wearied I fell asleep; but now lead on; 
In mee is no delay ; with thee to goe, 
Is to stay here; without thee here to stay. 
Is to go hence unwilling ; thou to mee 
Art all things under Heav'n, all places thou. 
Who for my wilful crime art banisht hence. 
This further consolation yet secure 
I carry hence ; though all by mee is lost. 
Such favour I unworthie am voutsaft, 
By mee the Promis'd Seed shall all restore. 

So spake our Mother £ve, and Adam heard 
Well pleas'd, but answer'd not; for now too nigh 
Th' Archangel stood, and from the other Hill 
To thir fixt Station, all in bright array 
The Cherubim descended; on the ground 
Gliding meteorous, as Ev'ning Mist 
Ris'n from a River o're the roarish glides, 
And gathers ground fast at the Labourers heel 
Homeward returning. High in Front advanc't, 
The brandisht Sword of God before them blas'd 
Fierce as a Comet ; which with torrid heat, 
And vapour as the Libyan Air adust, 
Began to parch that temperate Clime ; whereat 
In either hand the hastning Angel caught 
Our lingring Parents, and to Ih' Eastern Gate 
Led them direct, and down the Cliff as fast 
To the subjected Plaine ; then disappeer'd. 
They looking back, all th' Eastern side beheld 
(44?) 



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Taradise Lost. [bk. 

Of Paradise, so late ihir happie seat, 
Wav'd over by that flaming Brand, the Gate 
With dreadful Faces throng'd and fierie Armes : 
Som natural tears they drop'd, but wip'd them soon ; 
The World was all before them, where to choose 
Thir place of rest, and Providence thir guide : 
They hand in hand with wandring steps and slowj 
Through Eden took thir solitarie way. 



The End. 



{448) 



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PARADISE 

REGAIND. 

A 

POEM. 

In IV ® KS. 

To which is added 

The Author 
JOHN MILTON. 

L ON DON, 

Printed by J. M for John Siarkfy at the 
Mitre\a Fleetjlreet^ near Tempie-Bar. 
MDCLXXI. 



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PARADISE REGAIN'D. 

The First Book. 



I WHoe're while the happy Garden sung, 
By one mans disobedience lost, now sing 
Eecover'd Paradise to all mankind, 
By one mans firm obedience fully tri'd 
Through ail temptation, and the Tempter foil'd 
In all his wiles, defeated and repuls't. 
And Eden rais'd in the wast Wilderness. 

Thou Spirit who !edst this glorious Eremite 
Into the Desert, his Victorious Field 
Against the Spiritual Foe, and hroughtst him thence 
By proof the undoubted Son of God, inspire, 
As thou art wont, my prompted Song else mute, 
And bear through highth or depth of natures bounds 
With prosperous wing full summ'd to tell of deeds 
Above Heroic, though in secret done. 
And unrecorded left through many an Age, 
Worthy t' have not remain'd so long unsung. 

Now had the great Proclaimet with a voice 
More awful then the sound of Trumpet, cri'd 
Repentance, and Heavens Kingdom nigh at hand 
To all Baptiz'd : to his great Baptism flock'd 
With aw the Regions round, and with them came 
From Nazareth the Son o^ Joseph deem'd 
To the flood Jordan, came as then obscure, . , 
Unmarkt, unknown ; but him the Baptist soon 
Descri'd, divinely wam'd, and witness bore. 
As to his worthier, and would have resign'd 
To him his Heavenly Office, nor was long 
(451) G ga 



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Taradise Regain d. [ 

His witness unconfirm'd : on him baptiz'd 
Heaven open'd, and in likeness of a Dove 
The Spirit descended, while the Fathers voice 
From Heav'n pronounc'd him his beloved Son 
That heard the Adversary, who roving still 
About the world, at that assembly fam'd 
Would not be last, and with the voice divine 
Nigh Thunder-struck, th' exalted man, to wh«m 
Such high attest was giv'n, a while survey'd 
With w»nder, then with envy fraught and rage 
Flies to his place, nor rests, but in mid air 
\ To Councel summons all his mighty Peers, 
\ Withfei thick Clouds and dark ten-fold involv'd, 
,A gloomy C«nsistory ; and them amidst 
With looks agast and sad he thus bespake... 

O ancient Powers of Air and this wide world. 
For much more willingly I mention Air, 
This our old Conquest, then remember Hell 
Our hated habitation ; well ye know 
How many Ages, as the years of men, , , , 

This Universe we have possest, and rul'd 
In manner at our will th' affairs of Earth, 
Since Adam and his faci! consort Eve 
Lost Paradise deceiv'd by me, though since 
With dread attending when that fatal wound 
Shall be inflicted by the Seed of Eve 
Upon my head, long the decrees of Heav'n 
Delay, for longest time to him is short; 
And now too soon for us the circling hours 
This dreaded time have corapast, wherein we , 
Must bide the stroak of that long threatn'd wound, 
At least if so we can, and by the head 
Broken be not intended all our power 
To be infring'd, our freedom and our being 
In this fair Empire won of Earth and Air ; 
For this ill news I bring, the Womans seed 
Destin'd to this, is late of woman born, 
His birth to our just fear gave no small cause, 
But his growth now to youths full fiowr, displaying 
All vertue, grace and wisdom to atchieve 
Things highest, greatest, multiplies my fear. 
Before him a great Prophet, to proclaim 
(45.) 



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bk: I.] 'Paradise Regained. 

His coming, is sent Harbinger, who all 
Invites, and in the Censecrated stream 
Pretends to wash off sin, and fit them so 
Purified to receive him pure, or rather 
To do him honour as their King ; all come, 
And he himself among them was baptiz'd, 
Not thence to be more pure, but to receive 
The testimony of Heaven, that who he is 
Thenceforth the Nations may not doubt; I saw 
The Prophet do' him reverence, on him rising 
Out of the water, Heav'n above the Clouds 
Unfold her Crystal Dores, thence on his head 
A perfect Dove descend, what e're it meant, 
And out of Heav'n the Sov'raign voice I heard, 
This is my Son belov'd, in him am pleas'd. 
His Mother then is mortal, but his Sire, 
He who obtains the Monarchy of Heav'n,j, 
And what will he not do to advance his Son ? 
His first-begot we know, and sore have felt. 
When his fierce thunder drove us to the deep; 
^ho this is we must learn, for man he seems 
(_In a!l his lineaments, though in his face 
yThe glimpses of his Fathers glory shine. 
(Ye see otir danger on the utmost edge 
tof hazard, which admits no long debate, 
jBut must with something sudden be oppos'd, 
/Not force, but well couch't fraud, well woven snares, 
lE're in the head of Nations he appear 
\Their King, their Leader, and Supream on EaTthTj 
I, when no other durst, sole undertook 
The dismal expedition to find out 
And ruine Adam, and the exploit perform'd 
Successfully ; a calmer voyage now 
Will waft me ; and the way found prosperous once 

Induces best to hope of like succesg,_ -J 

He ended, and his words impression left— — 
Of much amazement to th' infernal Crew, 
Distracted and surpriz'd with deep dismay 
At these sad tidings; but no time was then 
For long indulgence to their fears or grief ; 
Unanimous they all commit the care 
And management of this main enterprise 
(453) 



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'Paradise Regained. [b 

To him their great Dictator, whose attempt 
At first against mankind so well had thriv'd 
In Adam's overthrow, and led thir march 
From Hell's deep-vaulted Den to dwell in light. 
Regents and Potentates, and Kings, yea gods 
Of many a pleasant Realm and Province wide. 
So to the Coast oi Jordan he directs 
His easie steps ; girded with snaky wiles, 
Where he might likeliest find this new-declar'd, 
This man of men, \attested Son of God, 
Temptation and all guile on him to try; 
So to subvert whom he suspected rais'd 
To end his Raign on Earth so long enjoy'dl 
But contrary unweeting he fulfiU'd ■"' 

The purpos'd Counsel pre-ordain'd and fixt 
Of the most High, who in full frequence bright 
Of Angels, thus to Gabriel smiling spake. 

Gabriel this day by proof thou shalt behold. 
Thou and all Angels conversant on Earth 
With man or mens affairs, how I begin 
To verifie that solemn message late, 
On which I sent thee to the Virgin pure 
In Galilee, that she should bear a Son 
Great in Renown, and call'd the Son of God; 
Then toldst her doubting how these things could be 
To her a Virgin, that on her should come 
The Holy Ghost, and the power of the highest 
O're-shadow her: this man born and now up-grown, 
To shew him worthy of his birth divine 
And high prediction, henceforth I expose 
To Satan; let him tempt and now assay 
His utmost subtilty, because he boasts 
And vaunts of his great cunning to the throng 
Of his Apostasie ; he might have learnt 
Less over-weening, since he fail'd in Job, 
Whose constant perseverance overcame 
Whate're his cruel malice could invent. 
He now shall know I can produce a man 
Of female Seed, far abler to resist 
All his soUicitations, and at length 
All his vast force, and drive him back to Hell, 
Winning by Conquest what the first man lost 
(4S4) 



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.1.] Taradise Regain d. 

By fallacy surpriz'd. But first I mean 
To exercise him in the Wilderness, 
There he shall first lay dojra the rudiments 
Of his great warfare, e're E send him forth 
To conquer Sin and Death" the two grand foes, 
By Humiliation and strong Sufferance ^ 
His weakness shall o'recome Satanic strength 
And all the world, and mass of sinful flesh ; 
That all the Angels and ^therial Powers, 
They now, and men hereafter may discern, 
From what consummate vertue I have chose 
This perfect Man, by merit call'd my Son, 
To earn Salvation for the Sons of men. 
' So spake the Eternal Father, and all Heaven 
Admiring stood a space, then into Hymns 
)Burst forth, and in Celestial measures mov'd, 
.Circling the Throne and Singing, while the hand 
feung with the voice, and this the argument. 

Victory and Triumph to the Son of God 
Now entring his great duel, not of arms, 
But to vanquish by wisdom hellish wiles. 
The Father knows the Son ; therefore secure 
Ventures his filial Vertue, though untri'd. 
Against whate're may tempt, whate're seduce, 
Allure, or terrifie, or undermine. 
Be frustrate all ye stratagems of Hell, 
And devihsh machinations come to nought. 

So they in Heav'n their Odes and Vigils tun'd : 
Mean while the Son of God, who yet some days 
Lodg'd in Betkabara where John baptiz'd, 
Musing and much revolving in his brest, 
How best the mighty work he might begin 
Of Saviour to mankind, and which way first 
Publish his God hke office now mature, 
One day forth walkd ilone the Spint leading; 
And hib deep thoughts, the better to converse 
With solitude till far from track of men 
Thought following thought and step by step led on. 
He entred now the bordering Desert wild. 
And with dark shades and rocks environ d round. 
His holy Meditations thus persu'd. 

what a multitude of thoughts at once 
(4SS) 



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Taradise Regained. [i 

Awakn'd in me swarm, while I consider 
What from within I feel my self, and hear 
What from without comes often to my ears, 

(111 sorting with my present slate compar'd. 
^hen I was yet a child, no childish play 
To me was pleasing, all my mind was set 
Serious to learn and know, and tlience to do 
What might be publick goodTl my self I thought 
Bora to that end, born to pf5mote all truth, 
AH righteous things ; therefore above my years, 
The Law of God I read, and found it sweet, 
Made it my whole delight, and in it grew 
To such perfection, that e're yet my age 
Had measur'd twice six years, at our great Feast 
I went into the Temple, there to hear 
The Teachers of our Law, and to propose 
What might improve my knowledge or their own ; 
And was admir'd by all, yet this not all 
To which my Spirit aspir'd, victorious deeds 
Flam'd in my heart, heroic acts, one while 
To rescue Israel from the Roman yoke, 
Thence to subdue and quell o're all the earth 
Brute violence and proud Tyrannick pow'r. 
Till truth were freed, and equity restor'd : 
[Yet held it more humane, more heavenly first 
By winning words to conquer willing hearts. 
And mali;.e^perswasion do _the— ff-Ork of fear;' 
At least to try, and teach the erring Soul 
Not wilfully mis-doing, but unware 
Misled : the stubborn only to subdue. 
These growing thoughts my Mother soon perceiving 
By words at times cast forth inly rejoyc'd. 
And said to me apart, high are thy thoughts 
O Son, but nourish them and let them soar 
To what highth sacred verlue and true worth 
Can raise them, though above example high; 
By matchless Deeds express thy matchless Sire. 
For know, thou art no Son of mortal man. 
Though men esteem thee low of Parentage, 
Thy Father is the Eternal King, who rules 
All Heaven and Earth, Angels and Sons of men, 
A messenger from God fore-told thy birth 
(456) 



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:■ I-] ^Paradise Regain'd. 

Conceiv'd in me a Virgin, he fore-told 
Thou shouldst be great and sit on David's Throne, 
And of thy Kingdom there should be no end. 
At thy Nativity a glorious Quire 
Of Angels in the fields of Bethlehem sung 
To Shepherds watching at their folds by night, 
And told them the Messiah now was born, 
Where they might see him, and to thee they came; 
Directed to the Manger where thou lais't. 
For in the Inn was left no better room : 
A Star, not seen before in Heaven appearing 
Guided the Wise Men thither from the East, 
To honour thee with Incense, Myrrh, and Gold, 
By whose bright course ted on they found the place. 
Affirming it thy Star new grav'n in Heaven, 
By which they knew thee King of Israel bom. 
Just Sifneon and Prophetic Anna, warn'd 
By Vision, found thee in the Temple, and spake 
Before the Altar and the vested Priest, 
Like things of thee to all that present stood. 
This having heard, strait I again revolv'd 
The Law and Prophets, searching what was writ 
Concerning the Messiah, to our Scribes 
Known partly, and soon found of whom they spake 
I am ; this chiefly, that my way must lie 
Through many a hard assay even to the death, 
E're I the promis'd Kingdom can attain. 
Or work Redemption for mankind, whose sins 
Full weight must be transferr'd upon my head. 
Vet neither thus disheartn'd or dismay'd. 
The time prefixt I waited, when behold 
The Baptist, (of whose birth I oft had heard. 
Not knew by sight) now come, who was to come 
Before Messiah and his way prepare. 
I as all others to his Baptism came, 
Which I believ'd was from above; but he 
Strait knew me, and with loudest voice proclaim'd 
Me him (for it was shew'n him so from Heaven) 
Me him whose Harbinger he was; and first 
Refus'd on me his Baptism to confer. 
As much his greater, and was hardly won ; 
But as I rose out of the laving stream, 
(4S>) 



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"Paradise Regained. Cek. 

Heaven opeti'd her eternal doors, from whence 

The Spirit descended on me iike a Dove, 

And last the sum of all, my Father's voice, 

Audibly heard from Heav'n, pronounc'd me his. 

Me his beloved Son, in whom alone 

He was well pleas'd; by which I knew the time 

Now full, that I no more should live obscure, 

But openly begin, as best becomes 

The Authority which I deriv'd trom Heaven. 

And now by some strong motion I am led 2 

Into this wilderness, to what intent 

I leam not yet, perhaps I need not know; 

For what concerns my knowledge God reveals. 

So spakeOTiTjlotning_.Star then in his rise, 
And looking round on every side beheld 
A pathless Desert, dusk with horrid shades ; 
The way he came not having mark'd, return 
Was difficult, by humane steps untrod; 
And he still on was led, but with such thoughts 
Accompanied of things past and to come 3 

Lodg'd in his brest, as well might recommend 
Such Solitude before choicest Society. 
Full forty days he pass'd, whether on hiU 
Sometimes, anon in shady vale, each night 
Under the covert of some ancient Oak, 
Or Cedar, to defend him from the dew, 
Or harbour'd in one Cave, is not reveal'd; 
Nor tasted humane food, nor hunger felt 
Till those days ended, hunger'd then at last 
Among wild Beasts: they at his sight grew mild, 3 

Nor sleeping him nor waking harm'd, his walk 
The fiery Serpent fled, and noxious Worm, 
The Lion and fierce Tiger glar'd aloof. 
But now an aged man in Rural weeds. 
Following, as seem'd, the quest of some stray Ewe, 
Or wither'd sticks to gather ; which might serve 
Against a Winters day when winds blow keen, 
To warm him wet return'd from field at Eve, 
He saw approach, who first with curious eye 
Perus'd him, then with words thus utt'red spake, 3 

Sir, what ill chance hath brought thee to this place 
So far from path or road of men, who pass 
(458) 



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BK.I.] Taradtse Regained. 

In Troop or Caravan, for single none 

Durst ever, who return'd, and dropt not here 

His Carcass, pin'd with hunger and with droughth? 

I ask the rather, and the more admire. 

For that to me thou seem'st the man, whom late 

Our new baptizing Prophet at the Ford 

Oi Jordan honour'd so, and call'd thee Son 

Of God; I saw and heard, for we sometimes 330 

Who dwell this wild, constrain'd by want, come forth 

To Town or Village nigh (nighest is far) 

Where ought we hear, and curious are to hear, 

What happ'ns new ; Fame also finds us out. 

To whom the Son of God. Who brought me hither 
Will bring me hence, no other Guide I seek. 

By Miracle he may, reply'd the Swain, 
What other way I see not, for we here 
Live on tough roots and stubs, to thirst inur'd 
More then the Camel, and to drink go far, ^40 

Men to mucb misery and hardship born > 
But if thou be the Son of God, Command 
That out of these hard stones be made thee bread ; 
So shalt thou save thy self and us relieve 
With Food, whereof we wretched seldom taste. 

He ended, and the Son of God reply'd. 
Think'st thou such force in Bread ? is it not written 
(For I discern thee other then thou seem'st) 

f[an lives not by Bread only, but each Word 
roceeding from the mouth of God^ who fed 350 

Our Fathers here with Manna ; in the Mount 
Mos^s was forty days, nor eat nor drank, 
And forty days Eliak without food 
Wandred this barren waste, the same I now : 
Why dost thou then suggest to me distrust, 
Knowing who I am, as I know who thou art ? 

Whom thus answer'd th' Arch Fiend now undisguis'd. 
'Tis true, I am that Spirit unfortunate. 
Who leagu'd with millions more in rash revolt 
Kept not my happy Station, but was driv'n 360 

With them from bliss to the bottomless deep, 
Yet to that hideous place not so confin'd 
By rigour unconniving, but that oft 
Leaving my dolorous Prison I enjoy 



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^Paradise Regained b 

Large liberty to round this Globe of Earth, 
Or range in th' Air, nor from the Heav'n of Heav'n; 
Hath he excluded my resort sometimes. 
I carae among the Sons of God, when he 
Gave up into my hands Uzzean Job 
To prove him, and illustrate his high worth; 
And when to all his Angels he propos'd 
To draw the proud King Ahab into fraud 
That he might fall in JRamoth, they demurring, 
I undertook that office, and the tongues 
Of al! his flattering Prophets glibb'd with lyes 
To his destruction, as I had in charge. 
For what he bids I do ; though I have lost 
Much lustre of my native brightness, lost 
To be belov'd of God, I have not lost 
To love, at least contemplate and admire 
What I see excellent in good, or fair. 
Or vertuous, I should so have lost all sense. 
What can be then less in me then desire 
To see thee and approach thee, whom I know 
Declar'd the Son of God, to hear attent 
Thy wisdom, and behold thy God-like deeds? 
Men generally think me much a foe 
To al! mankind : why should I ? they to me 
Never did wrong or violence, by them 
I lost not what I lost, rather by them 
I gain'd what I have gain'd, and with them dwell 
Copartner in these Regions of the World, 
If not disposer; lend them oft my aid, 
Oft my advice by presages and signs. 
And answers, oracles, portents and dreams. 
Whereby they may direct their future life. 
Envy they say excites me, thus to gain 
Companions of my misery and wo. 
At first it may be ; but long since with wo 
Nearer acquainted, now I feel by proof. 
That fellowship jn pain divides not smart. 
Nor lightens aught each mans peculiar load. 
Small consolation then, were Man adjoyn'd : 
This wounds me most (what can it less) that Man, 
Man fall'n shall be restor'd, I never more. 
To whom our Saviour sternly thus reply'd. 



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• r.l Taradise Regained. 

Deservedly thou griev'st, corapos'd of lyes 
From the beginning, and in lies wilt end ; 
Who boast'st release from Hell, and leave to come 
Into the Heav'n of Heavens ; thou com'st indeed, 
As a poor miserable captive thrall, 
Comes to the place where he before had sat 
Among the Prime in Splendour, now depos'd. 
Ejected, emptyed, gaz'd, unpityed, shun'd, 
A spectacle of ruin or of scorn 
To all the Host of Heaven; the happy place 
Imparts to thee no happiness, no joy, 
Rather inflames thy torment, representing 
Lost bliss, to thee no more communicable, 
So never more in Hell then when in Heaven. 
But thou art serviceable to Heaven's King. 
Wilt thou impute to obedience what thy fear 
Extorts, or pleasure to do ill excites? 
What but thy malice mov'd thee to misdeem 
Of righteous /oi, then cruelly to afflict him 
With all inflictions, biit his patience won? 
The other service was thy chosen task. 
To be a Iyer in four hundred mouths ; 
For lying is thy sustenance, thy food. 
Vet thou pretend'st to truth ; all Oracles 
By thee are giv'n, and what confest more true 
Among the Nations ? that hath been thy craft. 
By mixing somewhat true to vent more lyes. 
But what have been thy answers, what but dark 
Ambiguous and with double sense deluding, 
Which they who ask'd have seldom understood, 
And not well understood as good not known ? 
Who ever by consulting at thy shrine 
Return'd the wiser, or the more instruct 
To flye or follow what concern'd him most, 
And run not sooner to his fatal snare ? 
For God hath justly giv'n the Nations up 
To thy Delusions, justly, since they fell 
Idolatrous but when his purpose is 
Among them to declare his Providence 
To thee not known, whence hast thou then thy truth, 
But from him or his Angels President 
In e^ery ProMnce, who themselves disdaining 
(4«.) 



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'Paradise Regain d. [bi 

To approach thy Terapies, give thee in command 

What to the smallest tittle thou shalt say 

To thy Adorers; thou with trembling fear, 

Or like a Fawning Parasite obey'st; 

Then to thy self ascrib'st the truth fore-told. 

But this thy glory shall be soon retrench'd ; 

No more shalt thou by oracling abuse 

The Gentiles ; henceforth Oracles are ceast. 

And thou no more with Pomp and Sacrifice 

Shalt be enquir'd at Delphos or elsewhere, 

At least in vain, for they shall find thee mute. 

God hath now sent his living Oracle 

Into the World, to teach his final will, 

And sends his Spirit of Truth henceforth to dwell 

In pious Hearts, an inward Oracle 

To ail truth requisite for men to know. 

So spake our Saviour ; but the subtle Fiend, 
Though inly stung with anger and disdain, 
Dissembl'd, and this answer smooth return'd. 

Sharply thou hast insisted on rebuke. 
And urg'd me hard with doings, which not will 
But misery hath rested from me ; where 
Easily canst thou find one miserable. 
And not inforc'd oft-times to part from truth; 
If it may stand him more in stead to lye. 
Say and unsay, feign, flatter, or abjure? 
But thou art plac't above me, thou art Lord; 
From thee I can and must submiss endure 
Xheck or reproof, and glad to scape so quit. 
\JIard are the ways of truth, and rough to walk, 
Smooth on the tongue discourst, pleasing to th' ear, 
^nd tiineable as Silvan Pipe or Song ; 
What wonder then if I delight to hear 
Her dictates from thy mouth? most men admire 
Vertue, who follow not her lore : permit me 
To hear thee when I come (since no man comes) 
And talk at least, though I despair to attain. 
Thy Father, who is holy, wise and pure, 
Suffers the Hypocrite or Atheous Priest 
To tread his Sacred Courts, and minister 
About his Altar, handling holy things. 
Praying or vowing, and vouchsafd his voice 



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'■] Taradise Regained. 

To Balaam Reprobate, a Prophet yet 
Inspir'd; disdain not such acress to me. 

To whom our Saviour with unalter'd brow. 
Thy coming hither, though I know thy scope, 
I bid not or forbid ; do a« thou find'st 
Permission from above : thou canst not more. 

He added not ; and Satan bowmg low 
His gray dissimulation, disappear'd 
Into thin Air diffus'd : for now began 
Night with her sullen wing to double-shade 
The Desert, Fowls in thir clay nests were couch't ; 
And now wild Beasts came forth the woods to roam. 



The End of the First Book. 



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PARADISE REGAIN'D. 

The Second Book. 



Mean while the new-baptiz'd, who yet remain'd 
At Jordan^ with the Baptist, and had seen 
Him whom they heard so late expresly call'd 
Jesus Messiah Son of God declar'd, 
And on that high Authority had believ'd, 
And with him talkt, and with him lodg'd, I mean 
Andrew and Simon, famous after known 
With others though in Holy Writ not nam'd, 
Now missing him thir joy so lately found. 
So lately found, and so abruptly gone, 
Began to doubt, and doubted many days. 
And as the days increas'd, increas'd thir doubt: 
Sometimes they thought he might be only shewn, 
And for a time caught up to God, as once 
Moses was in the Mount, and missing long; 
And the great Thisbife who on fiery wheels 
Rode up to Heaven, yet once again to come. 
Therefore as those young Prophets then with care 
Sought lost Eliah, so in each place these 
Nigh to Bethabara ; in Jerico 
The City of Palms, jEnon, and Salem Old, 
Mach<erus and each Town or City wall'd 
On this side the broad lake Genezaret, 
Or in Perea, but return'd in vain. 
Then on the bank of Jordan, by a Creek : 
Where winds with Reeds, and Osiers whisp'ring play 
Plain Fishermen, no greater men them call. 
Close in a Cottage low together got 
(464) 



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BK.I1.] "Paradise Regain'' d. 

(Thir unexpected loss and plaints out breath'd. 
Alas, from what high hope to what relapse 
Unlook'd for are we fall'n, our eyes beheld 
Messiah certainly now come, so long 
Expected of our Fathers ; we have heard 
His words, his wisdom full of grace and truth, 
Now, now, for sure, deliverance is at band. 
The Kingdom shall to Israel be restor'd : 
Thus we rejoyc'd, but soon our joy is turn'd 
Into perplexity and new amaze : 
For whither is he gone, what accident 
Hath rapt him from us ? will he now retire 
After appearance, and again prolong 
Our expectation? God of Israel, 
Send thy Messiah forth, the time is come; 
Behold the Kings of the Earth how they oppress 
Thy chosen, to what highth thir pow'r unjust 
They have exalted, and behind them cast 
All fear of thee, arise and vindicate 
Thy Glory, free thy people from thir yoke. 
But let us wait; thus far he hath perform'd. 
Sent his Anointed, and to us reveal'd him, i 

By his great Prophet, pointed at and shown. 
In publick, and with him we have convers'd ; 
Let us be glad of this, and all our fears 
Lay on bis Providence ; he will not fail 
Nor will withdraw him now, nor will recall. 
Mock us with his blest sight, then snatch him hence. 
Soon we shall see our hope, our joy return. 

Thus they out of their plaints new hope resume 
To find whom at the first they found unsought: 
But to his Mother Mary, when she saw f. 

Others return'd from Baptism, not her Son, 
Nor left at Jordan, tydings of him none ; 
Within her btest, though calm ; her brest though pure, 
Motherly cares and fears got head, and rais'd 
Some troubl'd thoughts, which she in sighs thus clad. 

O what avails me now that honour high 
To have conceiv'd of God, or that salute 
Hale highly favour'd, among women blest ; 
While I to sorrows am no less advanc't, 
And fears as eminent, above the lot 7 

{465) Hh 



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'Paradise Rega'tti'd. [bk. 

Of other women, by the birth I bore, 

In such a season born when scarce a Shed 

Could be obtain'd to shelter him or me i 

From the bleak air ; a Stable was our warmth, 

A Manger his, yet soon enforc't to flye 

Thence into Egypt, till the Murd'rous King 

Were dead, who sought his life, and missing fili'd 

With Infant biood the streets of Bethhhem ; 

From Egypt home retum'd, in Nazareth 

Hath been our dwelling many years, his life 

Private, unactive, calm, contemplative. 

Little suspicious to any King ; but now 

Full grown to Man, acknowledg'd, as I hear. 

By John the Baptist, and in publick shown, 

Son own'd from Heaven by his Father's voice ; 

I look't for some great change; to Honour? no. 

But trouble, as old Stmeoa plain fore-told, 

That to the fall and rising he should be 

Of many in Israel, and to a sign 

Spoken against, that through my very Soul 

A sword shall pierce, this is my favour'd lot, 

My Exaltation to Afflictions high ; 

Afflicted I may be, it seems, and blest ; 

I will not ai^ue that, nor will repine. 

But where delays he now ? some great intent 

Conceals him : when twelve years he scarce had seen, 

I lost him, but so found, as weU I saw 

He could not lose himself; but went about 

His Father's business ; what he meant I mus'd, 

Since understand; much more his absence now i 

Thus long to some great purpose he obscures. 

But I to wait with patience am inur'd ; 

My heart hath been a store-house long of things 

And sayings laid up, portending strange events. 

Thus Mary pondering oft, and oft to mind 
Recalhng what remarkably had pass'd 
Since iirst her Salutation heard, with thoughts 
Meekly compos'd awaited the fulfilling : 
The while her Son tracing the Desert wild, 
Sole but with holiest Meditations fed, i 

Into himself descended, and at once 
All his great work to come before him set ; 
(466) 



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""■] 'Paradise Regain' d. 

How to begin, how to accomplish best 

His end of being on Earth, and mission high : 

For Satan with slye preface to return 

Had left bim vacant, and with speed was gon 

"Up to the middle Region of thick Air, 

Where all his Potentates in Council sate ; 

There without sign of boast, or sign of joy, 

Sollicitous and blank he thus began. 

Princes, Heavens antient Sons, Ethereal Thrones, 
iDemonian Spirits now, from the Element 
Each of his reign allotted, rigbtlier call'd, 
IPowers of Fire, Air, Water, and Earth beneath, 
So may we hold our place and these mild seats 
Without new trouble ; such an Enemy 
Is ris'n to invade us, who no less 
Threat'ns then our expulsion down to Hell ; 
I, as I undertook, and with the vote 
Consenting in full frequence was impowr'd. 
Have found him, view'd him, tasted him, but find 
Far other labour to be undergon 
Then when I dealt with Adam first of Men, 
Though Adam by his Wives allurement fell, 
However to this Man inferior far. 
If he be Man by Mothers side at least, 
With more then humane gifts from Heav'n adorn'd, 
Perfections absolute, Graces divine. 
And amplitude of mind to greatest Deeds. 
Therefore I am return'd, lest confidence 
Of my success with Eve in Paradise 
Deceive ye to perswasion over sure 
Of like succeeding here , I summon all 
Rather to be m readmess, with hand 
Or counsel to assist lest I who erst 
Thought none my equal now be o^ermatch'd. 

So spake the old Serpent doubting, and from all 
With clamour was assuf'd thir utmost aid 
At his command, when fi-om amidst them rose 
Belial the dissolutest Spirit that fell 
The sensuallest, and after Asmodat 
The fleshliest Incubus, and thus advis'd 

Set women in his eje and m his walk. 
Among daughters of men the fairest found, 
{ 467 ) H h a 



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Taradise Regained. t^ 

Many are in each Region passing fair 

As tlie noon Skie; more like to Goddesses 

Then Mortal Creatures, graceful and discreet, 

Expert in amorous Arts, enchanting tongues 

Perswasive, Virgin majesty with mild 

And sweet allay'd, yet terrible to approach, 

SkiU'd to retire, and in retiring draw 

Hearts after them tangl'd in Amorous Nets. 

Such object hath the power to soft'n and tame 

Severest temper, smooth the ru^ed'st brow, 

Enerve, and with voluptuous hope dissolve. 

Draw out with credulous desire, and lead 

At will the manliest, resolutest brest. 

As the Magnetic hardest Iron draws. 

Women, when nothing else, beguil'd the heart 

Of wisest Solomon, and made him build, 

And made him bow to the Gods of bis Wives. 

To whom quick answer Satan thus return'd, 
Belial, in much uneven scale thou weigh'st 
All others by thy self; because of old . . 

Thou thy self doat'st on womankind, admiring 
Thir shape, thir colour, and attractive grace. 
None are, thou think'st, but taken with such toys. 
Before the Flood thou with thy lusty Crew, 
False titl'd Sons of God, roaming the Earth 
Cast wanton eyes on the daughters of men, 
And coupl'd with them, and begot a race. 
Have we not seen, or by relation heard, 
In Courts and Regal Chambers how thou lurk'st. 
In Wood or Grove by mossie Fountain side, 
In Valley or Green Meadow to way-lay 
Some beauty rare, Calisto, Ciymme, 
Daphne, or Sentele, Anttopa, 
Or Amymone, Syrinx, many more 
Too long, then lay'st thy scapes on names ador'd, 
Apollo, Neptune, Jupiter, or Pan, 
Satyr, or Fawn, or Silvan? But these haunts 
Delight not all ; among the Sons of Men, 
How many have with a smile made small account 
Of beauty and her lures, easily scom'd 
All her assaults, on worthier things intent? 
Remember that Pelkan Conquerour, 



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■ n.] Taradise Regain' d. 

A youthj how all the Beauties of the East 

He slightly view'd, and slightly over-pass'd; 

How bee sirnam'd of Africa dismiss'd 

In his prime youth the fair Iberian maid. 

For Solomon he liv'd at ease, and full 

Of honouf, wealth, high fare, aim'd not beyond 

Higher design'' then 'to enjoy his State; 

Thence to the bait of Women lay expos'd ; 

But he whom we attempt is wiser far 

Then Solomon, of more exalted mind, 

Made and set wholly on the accomplishment 

Of greatest things ; what woman will you find. 

Though of this Agg the wonder and the fame, 

On whom his leisure will vouchsafe an eye 

Of fond desire? 'or should she confident, 

As sitting Queen ador'd.on Beauties Throne, 

Descend with all her winning charms begirt 

To enamour, as the Zone of Venus once 

Wrought that effect on Jove, so Fables tell ; 

How would one look from his Majestick brow 

Seated as on the top of Vertties hill, 

Discount'nance her despis'd, and put to rout 

All her array; her female pride deject. 

Or turn to reverent awe? for Beauty stands 

In the admiration only of weak minds 

Led captive; cease to admue, and all her Plumes 

Fall flat and shrink into a trivial toy. 

At every sudden slighting quite abasht: 

Therefore with manlier objects we must try 

His constancy, with such as have more shew 

Of worth, of honour, glory, and popular praise; 

Rocks whereon greatest men have oftest wreck'd ; 

Or that which only seems to satisfie 

Lawful desires of Nature, not beyond; 

And now I know he hungers where no food 

Is to be found, in the wide Wilderness; 

The rest commit to me, I shall let pass 

No advantage, and his strength as oft assay. 

He ceas'd, and heard thir grant in loud acclaim ; 
Then forthwith to him takes a chosen band 
Of Spirits likest to himself in guile 
To be at hand, and at his beck appear, 
(469) 



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Taradise Regained. 



If c w t f Id t b 

Of V p h t k w h I t 240 

The t h D t t k th th h ft e;! t 

Whe tllfmhdt hd hb fGd 

Afte frtjd)ftghd m d 

Now hggfi dtb Ifth sad 

W h 11 th d ? f t t d > I h pass'd 

Wandr g th w d> maz d h f d 

Nor t t d h d IP tt th t Fast 

To \ t I mp t p 

Of wh t I ff 1 f Is t d t 

Or C od pp t N t th t p t 350 

Tho h di g wh t p t t d ? 

But I f ] I h g wh h d 1 

Natu hth dfwhth k jtGd 
Can t fi tti t d m th w y 
Tho gh h g tU m t 

With t th b d t g I t t 

And t th t f F m f 1 m 

Nor m d t f d th b tt th ghts th t f d 
Mee hgrgm td yFth 11 

It as h h f gbt h th tl b 260 

Comm d It Ik, th 1 d h m d 

Und th h p bl t gh 

Of T th k t rw h 1 1 pt 

And d d pp 1 1 w t t d 

Of meats and drinks, Natures refreshment sweet ; 
Him thought, he by the Brook of Cherith stood 
And saw the Ravens with thir homy beaks 
Food to Elijah bringing Even and Morn, 
Though ravenous, taught to abstain from what they brought ; 
He saw the Prophet also how he fied 270 

Into the Desert, and how there he slept 
Under a Juniper ; then how awakt. 
He found his Supper on the coals prepar'd, 
And by the Angel was bid rise and eat, 
And eat the second time after repose. 
The strength whereof suffic'd him forty days; 
Sometimes that with Elijah he partook. 
Or as a guest with Daniel at his pulse. 
Thus wore out night, and now the Herald Lark 
Left his ground-nest, high towring to descry 280 



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■ n.] "Paradise Regain' d. 

The morns approach, and greet her with his Song ; 
As lightly from his grassy Couch up rose 
Our Saviour, and found all was but a dream, 
Fasting he went to sleep, and fasting wak'd. 
Up to a hill anon his steps he rear'd. 
From whose high top to ken the prospect round, 
If Cottage were in view, Sheep-cote or Herd; 
But Cottage, Herd or Sheep-cote none he saw. 
Only in a bottom saw a pleasant Grove, 
With chaunt of tuneful Birds resounding loud ; jgc 

Thither he bent his way, determin'd there 
To rest at noon, and entr'd soon the shade 
High roofl and walks beneath, and alleys brown 
That open'd in the midst a woody Scene, 
Natures own work it seem'd (Nature taught Art) 
And to a Superstitious eye the haunt 
Of Wood-Gods and Wood-Nymphs ; he view'd it round, 
When suddenly a man before hrm stood. 
Not rustic as liefore, but seemlier dad, 
As one in City, or Court, or Palace bred, 30c 

^nd with fair speech these words to him address'd. 

With granted leave officious I return. 
But much more wonder that the Son of God 
In this wild solitude so long should hide 
Of all things destitute, and well I know. 
Not without hunger. Others of some note, 
As story tells, have trod this Wilderness ; 
The Fugitive Bond-woman with her Son 
Out cast Nebaioth, yet found he relief 
By a providing Angel; all the race 31c 

Of Israel here had famish'd, had not God 
Rain'd from Heaven Manna, and that Prophet bold 
Native of Thebez wandring here was fed 
Twice by a voice inviting him to eat. 
Of thee these forty days none hath regard. 
Forty and more deserted here indeed. 

To whom thus Jesus; what conclud'st thou hence? 
They all had need, I as thou seest have none. 

How hast thou hunger then ? Satan reply'd, 
Tell me if Food were now before thee set, 320 

Would'st thou not eat? Thereafter as I like 
309 he] here i6g; 



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"Paradise Regained. [bk.h. 

The giver, answer'd Jesus. Why should that 

Cause thy refusal, said the subtle Fiend, 

Hast thou not right to all Created things, 

Owe not all Creatures by just tight to thee 

Duty and Service, nor to stay till bid. 

But tender all their power? nor mention I 

Meats by the Law unclean, or offer'd first 

To Idols, those young Daniel could refuse ; 

Nor proffer'd by an Enemy, though who 330 

Would scruple that, with want opprest? behold 

Nature asbam'd, or better to express, 

Troubl'd that thou should'st hunger, hath purvey'd 

From all the Elements her choicest store 

To treat thee as beseems, and as her Lord 

With honour, only deign to sit and eat. 

He spake no dream, for as his words had end, 
Our Saviour lifting up his eyes beheld 
In ample space under the broadest shade 
A Table richly spred, in regal mode, 340 

With dishes pil'd, and meats of noblest sort 
And savour, Beasts of chase, or Fowl of game, 
In pastry built, or from the spit, or boyl'd, 
Gris-amber-steam'd ; all Fish from Sea or Shore, 
Freshet, or purling Brook, of shell or fin, 
And exquisitest name, for which was drain'd 
Pontus and Lucrine Bay, and Afric Coast. 
Alas how simple, to these Cates compar'd, 
Was that crude Apple that diverted Mve ! 
And at a stately side-board by the wine 350 

That fragrant smell diffus'd, in order stood 
Tall stripling youths rich clad, of fairer hew 
Then Ganymed or Hylas, distant more 
Under the Trees now trip'd, now solemn stood 
Nymphs of Diana's train, and Naiades 
With fruits and flowers from Amalihea'% horn. 
And Ladies of th' Htsperides, that seem'd 
Fairer then feign'd of old, or fabl'd since 
Of Fairy Damsels met in Forest wide 
By Knights of Logres, or of Lyones, 360 

Lancelot or Pelleas, or Pelknore, 
And all the while Harmonious Airs were heard 
Of chiming strings, or charming pipes and winds 



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MiO Taradise Regained. 

Of gentlest gale Arabian odors fann'd 
From their soft wings, and Flora's earliest smells. 
Such was the Splendour, and the Tempter now 
His invitation earnestly renew'd. 

What doubts the Son of God to sit and eat? 
These are not Fruits forbidden, no interdict 
Defends the touching of these viands pure, ; 

Thir taste no knowledge works, at least of evil. 
But life preserves, destroys life's enemy. 
Hunger, with sweet restorative delight. 
All these are Spirits of Air, and Woods, and Springs, 
Thy gentle Ministers, who come to pay 
Thee homage, and acknowledge thee thir Lord : 
What doubt'st thou Son of God ? sit down and eat. 

To whom thus Jesus temperately reply'd : 
Said'st thou not that to all things I had right? 
And who withholds my pow'r that right to use ? ; 

Shall I receive by gift what of my own, 
When and where likes me best, I can command ? 
I can at will, doubt not, assoon as thou. 
Command a Table in this Wilderness, 
And call swift flights of Angels ministrant 
Array'd in Glory on my cup to attend : 
Why shouldst thou then obtrude this diligence. 
In vain, where no acceptance it can find. 
And with my hunger what hast thou to do? 
Thy pompous Delicacies I contemn, ; 

And count thy specious gifts no gifts but guiles. 

To whom thus answer'd Satan malecontent : 
That I have also power to give thou seest. 
If of that pow'r I bring thee voluntary 
What I might have bestow'd on whom I pleas'd. 
And rather opportunely in this place 
Chose to impart to thy apparent need, 
Why shouldst thou not accept it? but I see 
What I can do or offer is suspect ; 
Of these things others quickly will dispose ^ 

Whose pains have earn'd the far fet spoil. With that 
''Both Table and Provision vanjsh'd quite 
.With sound of Harpies wings, and Talons heard; 
Only the importune Tempter still remain'd, 
And with these words his temptation pursu'd. 
(«3) 



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Taradise Regain'd. [bi 

By hunger, that each other Creature tames, 
Thou art not to be harm'd, therefore not mov'd ; 
Thy temperance invincible besides, 
For no allurement yields to appetite. 
And all thy heart is set on high designs. 
High actions : but wherewith to be atchiev'd ? 
Great acts require great means of enterprise, 
Thou art unknown, unfriended, low of birth, 
A Carpenter thy Father known, thy self 
Bred up in poverty and streights at home ; 
Lost in a Desert here and hunger-bit : 
Which way or from what hope dost thou aspire 
To greatness? whence Authority deriv'st, 
What Followers, what Retinue canst thou gain. 
Or at thy heels the dizzy Multitade, 
Longer then thou canst feed them on thy cost ? 
Money brings Honour, Friends, Conquest, and Realm 
What rais'd AntipaUr the Edomtfe, 
And his Son Herod plac'd on Juda's Throne ; 
(Thy throne) but gold that got him puissant friends? 
Therefore, if at great things thou wouldst arrive. 
Get Riches first, get Wealth, and Treasure heap. 
Not difficult, if thou hearken to me. 
Riches are mine. Fortune is in my hand ; 
They whom I favour thrive in wealth amain. 
While Virtue, Valour, Wisdom sit in want. 

To whom thus Jesus patiently reply'd; 
Yet Wealth without these three is impotent, 
To gain dominion or to keep it gain'd. 
Witness those antient Empires of the Earth, 
In highth of all thir flowing wealth dissolv'd : 
But men endu'd with these have ofl: attain'd 
In lowest poverty to highest deeds; 
Gideon and Jephtha, and the Shepherd lad. 
Whose off-spring on the Throne of Juda sat 
So many Ages, and shall yet regain 
That seat, and reign in Israel without end. 
Among the Heathen, (for throughout the World 
To me is not unknown what hath been done 
Worthy of Memorial) canst thou not remember 
Quintius, Fabridus, Curius, Regulus ? 
For I esteem those names of men so poor 
(«4) 



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■ It-] Taradise Regain d. 

Who could do mightj things, ind could contemn 

Riches though offer d from the hand ot Is.ings. 

And what in me seems wantmg, but that I 

May also in this po^ertv as soon 

Accomplish what they did, perhaps and more? 

Extol not Riches then the toyl of Fools 

The wise mans curnhnnce if not snare more apt 

To slacken Virtue, and abate her edge 

Then prompt her to do aught may merit praise. 

What if with like aiersion I reject 

Riches and Realms , yet not for that a Crown, 

Golden in shew, is but a wreath of thorns 

Brings dangers, troubles, cares, ind sleepless nights 

To him who wears the Regal Diadem, 

When on his shoulders each mans burden lies ; 

For therein stands the office of a Kme, 

His Honour, Vertue, Ment and chief Praise, 

That for the Publick all this weight he bears. 

Yet he who reigns within himself, and rules 

Passions, Desires, and Fears, is more a King; 

Which every wise and vertuous man attains ; 

And who attains not, ill aspires to rule 

Cities of men, or head strong Multitudes, 

Subject himself to Anarchy within 

Or lawless passions in hmi which he series 

But to guide Nations m the way of truth 

By saving Doctrine, and from errour lead 

To know, "^nd knowing worship God aright. 

Is yet more Kingly, this attracts the Soul, 

Governs the inner man, the nobler part. 

That other o're the body onlj reigns 

And ofl by force, which to i generous mind 

So reigning can be no sincere delight 

Besides to give a Kingdom hath been thought 

Greater and nobler done, and to laj down 

Far more magnanimous, then to assume 

Riches are needless then, both for themselves. 

And for thy reason wh> the) should be sought, 

To gain a Scepter, oftest better miss t 

'The End of the Second Book. 



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PARADISE REGAIN'D. 

The Third Book. 



So spake the Son of God, and Satan stood 
A while as mute confounded what to say. 
What to reply, confuted and convinc't 
Of his weak arguing, and fallacious drift ; 
At length collecting all his Serpent wiles. 
With soothing words renew'd, him thus accosts. 

I see thou know'st what is of use to know, 
What best to say canst say, to do canst do; 
Thy actions to thy words accord, thy words 
To thy large heart give utterance due, thy heart 
Conteins of good, wise, just, the perfect shape. 
Should Kings and Nations from thy mouth consult, 
Thy Counsel would be as the Oracle 
Urim and Thummim, those oraculous gems 
On Aaron's breast : or tongue of Seers old 
Infallible; or wert thou sought to deeds 
That might require th' array of war, thy skill 
Of conduct would be such, that all the world 
Could not sustain thy Prowess, or subsist 
In battel, though against thy few in arms. 
These God-like Vertues wherefore dost thou hide ? 
Affecting private life, or more obscure 
In savage Wilderness, wherefore deprive 
All Earth her wonder at thy acts, thy self 
The fame and glory, glory the reward 
That sole excites to high attempts the flame 
Of most erected Spirits, most temper d pure 
jEtherial, who all pleasures else despise, 
(476) 



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:-in-] Taradise Regained. 

All treasures and all gain esteem as dross, 
And dignities and powers all but the highest? 
Thy years are ripe, and over-ripe, the Son 
Of Macedonian Philip had e're these 
Won Asia and the Throne of Cyrus held 
At his dispose, young Scipio had brought down 
The Carthaginian pride, young Pompey quell'd 
The Pontic King and in triumph had rode. 
Yet years, and to ripe years judgment mature, 
Quench not the thirst of glory, but augment. 
Great Julius, whom now all the world admires. 
The more he grew in years; the more inflam'd 
With glory, wept that he had liv'd so long 
Inglorious ; but thou yet art not too late. 

To whom our Saviour calmly thus reply'd. 
Thou neither dost perswade me to seek wealth 
For Empires sake, nor Empire to affect 
For glories sake, by all thy argument 
For what is glory but the blaze of fame, 
. The peoples praise, if always praise unmixt ? 
And what the people but a herd confus'd, 
A iiuscellaneous rabble, who extol 
Thmgs vulgar & well weigh d scarce worth the praise. 
They praise and they admire they know not what ; 
4nd know not whom but as one leads the other; 
And what delight to be by such extolld 
To Ue upon thir tongues and be thir tilk 
Of «honi to be disprais d were no small praiae ? 
His lot who dares be singularly ^ood 
Th mtelligent among them and the wise 
Are few and glor) scarce of few is ra s d 
This IS true glorj and renown when God i 

Looking on the Earth with approbation marks 
The just man and dvulges him through Heaven 
To all his Angels who with true appkuse 
Recount h s praises thu-i he did to Jol 
When to extend his fime through Heaven &^ Earth, 
\.s thou to thy reproach mayst well remember 
He lakd thte hast thou seen my servant _/?^'' 
Famous he was in Heaven, on Earth less known ; 
Where glory is false glory, attributed 
To things not glorious, men not worthy of fame. ; 

(47?) 



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"Paradise Regained. C^ 

They err who count it glorious to subdue 
By Conquest far and wid 
Large Countries, and ii fi Id g B 1 
Great Cities by assault h d h \ h 
But rob and spoil, bur 1 gh d 

Peaceable Nations, neighb 
Made Captive, yet dese f d 

Then those thir Conquerours, who leave behind 
Nothing but ruin wheresoe're they rove. 
And all the flourishing works of peace destroy. 
Then swell with pride, and must be titl'd Gods, 
Great Benefactors of mankind. Deliverers, 
Worship't with Temple, Priest and Sacrifice ; 
One is the Son oi Jove, of Mars the other. 
Till Conquerour Death discover them scarce men, 
Rowling in brutish vices, and deform 'd, 
Violent or shameful death thir due reward. 
But if there be in glory aught of good, 
It may by means far different be attain'd 
Without ambition, war, or violence; 
By deeds of peace, by wisdom eminent, 
By patience, temperance; I mention still 
Him whom thy wrongs with Saintly patience born, 
Made famous in a Land and times obscure; 
Who names not now with honour patient yiii? 
Poor Socrates (who next more memorable ?) 
By what he taught and suffer'd for so doing. 
For truths sake suffering death unjust, lives now 
Equal in fame to proudest Conquerours. 
Vet if for fame and glory aught be done. 
Aught suffer'd; if young African for fame 
His wasted Country freed from Funic rage. 
The deed becomes unprais'd, the man at least, 
And loses, though but verbal, his reward. 
Shall I seek glory then, as vain men seek 
Oft not deserv'd ? I seek not mine, but his 
Who sent me, and thereby witness whence 1 am. 
To whom the Tempter murmuring thus reply'd. 
[Think not so slight of glory; therein least, 
/Resembling thy great Father: he seeks glory, 
' And for his glory all things made, all things 
Orders and governs, nor content in Heaven 



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■ III] 'Paradise Regained. 

By all his Angels glorifi'd, requires 
Glory from men, from all men good or bad. 
Wise or unwise, no difference, no exemption ; 
Above all Sacrifice, or hallow'd gift 
Glory he requires, and glory he receives 
Promiscuous from all Nations, Jew, or Greek, 
Or Barbarous, nor exception hath declar'd; 
From us his foes pronounc't glory he exacts. 

To whom our Saviour fervently reply'd. 
And reason ; since his word all things produc'd. 
Though chiefly not for glory as prime end, 
But to shew forth his goodness, and impart 
His good communicable to every soul 
Freely; of whom, what could he less expect 
Then glory and benediction, that is thanks. 
The slightest, easiest, readiest recompence 
From them who could return him nothing else, 
And not returning that would likeliest render 
Contempt instead, dishonour, obloquy ? 
Hard recompence, unsutable return 
For so much good, so much beneficence. 
But why should man seek glory? who of his own 
Hath nothing, and to whom nothing belongs 
But condemnation, ignominy, and shame ? 
Who for so many benefits receiv'd 
Turn'd recreant to God, ingrate and false. 
And so of all true good himself despoii'd. 
Yet, sacrilegious, to himself would take 
That which to God alone of right belongs ; 
Yet so much bounty is in God, such grace. 
That who advance his glory, not thir own. 
Them he himself to glory will advance. 

So spake the Son of God; and here again 
Satan had not to answer, but stood struck 
With guilt of his own sin, for he himself 
Insatiable of glory had lost all. 
Yet of another Plea bethought him soon. 

Of glory as thou wilt, said he, so deem, 
Worth or not worth the seeking, let it pass : 
But to a Kingdom thou art born, ordain'd 
To sit upon thy Father David's Throne ; 
By Mother's side thy Father, though thy right 



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Taradise Regain' d. [bk.iu. 

Be now in powerful hands, that will not part 
Easily from possession won with arms ; 
Judxa now and all the promis'd land 
Reduc't a Province under Roman yoke, 
Obeys Tiberius; nor is always rul'd 

With temperate sway; oft have they violated i6o 

The Temple, oft the Law with foul affronts, 
Abominations rather, as did once 
Antiockus : and think'st thou to regain 
Thy right by sitting still or thus retiring? 
So did not Machabeus : he indeed 
Retir'd unto the D^ert, but with arms ; 
And o're a mighty King so oft prevaJl'd, 
That by strong hand his Family obtained, 
Though Priests, the Crown, and David's Throne usurp'd. 
With Modin and her Suburbs once content. 170 

If Kingdom move thee not, let move thee Zeal, 
And Duty ; Zeal and Duty are not slow ; 
But on Occasions forelock watchful wait. 
They themselves rather are occasion best. 
Zeal of thy Fathers house. Duty to free 
Thy Country from her Heathen servitude; 
So shalt thou best fuUfll, best veriiie 
The Prophets old, who sung thy endless raign, 
The happier raign the sooner it begins, 
Raign then ; what canst thou better do the while ? 180 

To whom our Saviour answer thus return'd. 
All things are best fuUfil'd in thir due time, 
And time there is for all things. Truth hath said: 
If of my raign Prophetic Writ hath told 
That it shall never end, so when begin 
The Father in his purpose hath decreed. 
He in whose hand all times and seasons roul. 
What if he hath decreed that I shall first 
Be try'd in humble state, and things adverse. 
By tribulations, injuries, insults, 190 

Contempts, and scorns, and snares, and violence. 
Suffering, abstaining, quietly expecting 
Without distrust or doubt, that he may know 
What I can suffer, how obey? who best 
Can suffer, best can do; best reign, who first 
Well hath obey'd; just tryal e're I merit 
(48.} 



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:.iii.] Taradise Regained. 

iMy exaltation without change or end 
But what concerns it thee when I begin 
My everlasting Kingdom, why art thou 
ISoUicitous, what moves thy inquisition? 201 

\Know'st thou not that my rising is thy fall, 
knd my promotion will be thy destruction ? 
To %hom the Tempter inly rackt reply'd. 
Let thab" come when it comes ; all hope is lost 
Of my reception into grace ; what worse ? 
For where no hope is left, is left no fear ; 
If there be worse, the expectation more 
Of worse torments me then the feeling can. 
I would be at the worst ; worst is my Port, 
My harbour and my ultimate repose, 211 

The end I would attain, my final good. 
My error was my error, and my crime 
My crime; whatever for it self condemn'd, 
And will alike be punish'd ; whether thou 
Raign or raigii not j though to that gentle brovr 
Willingly I could flye, and hope thy raign. 
From that placid aspect and meek regard. 
Rather then aggravate my evi! state 
Would stand between me and thy Fathers ire, 
(Whose ire I dread more then the hre of Hell) m 

A shelter and a kind of shadmg cool 
Interposition, as a summers cloud 
If I then to the worst thit can be hast. 
Why move thy feet s.o slow to what is best, 
Happiest both to thy self and all the world. 
That thou who worth est art should st be thir King ? 
Perhaps thou hngerst in deep thoughts detain'd 
Of the enterprize so hazardous and high ; 
No wonder for though in thee be united 
What of perlection can in man be found, sji 

Or human nature can receive consider 
Thy hfe hath yet been private most part spent 
At home scarce viewd the GaUikin Towns, 
And once a year Jerusalem few days 
Short sojourn and what thence could'st thou observe? 
The world thou hast not seen much less her glory, 
Empires and Monarcha and th r rad ant Courts, 
Best school of best expenenre quickest in sight 

(48.) -i 



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T^aradise Regain d. [bk-hi. 

In all things that to greatest actions lead. 

The wisest, unexperienc't, will be ever 240 

Timorous and loth, with novice modesty, 

{As he who seeking Asses found a Kingdom) 

Irresolute, unhardy, unadventrous : 

But I will bring thee where thou soon shall quit 

Those rudiments, and see before thine eyes 

The Monarchies of the Earth, thir pomp and state, 

Sufficient introduction to inform 

Thee, of thy self so apt, in regal Arts, 

And regal Mysteries ; that thou may'st know 

How best their opposition to withstand. ^50 

With that (such power was giv'n him then) he took 
The Son of God up to a Mountain high. 
It was a Mountain at whose verdant feet 
A spatious plim out strech t m arcuit wide 
Lay pleasant from hs side two rivers flowd 
Th' one winding the other strait and lefi between 
Fair ChampaiE with less rivers intervemd 
Then meeting ]0)nd thir tribute to the Sei 
Fertil of corn the glebe of ojl and wne 
With herds the pastures throng d w th flocks the hills 260 
Huge Cities and high towrd that well mi^ht seem 
The seats of mghtiest MonarLhs and so large 
The Prospect was that here and there was room 
For barren desert fountamless and dry 
To this high mountain top the Tempter brought 
Our Saviour and new tram of words began 

Well have we speeded, ind ore hill ind dale, 
Forest and field, and flood. Temples and Towers 
Cut shorter many a league; here thou behold'st 
Aisyrti and her Empires antient bounds, 3jo 

Araxes and the Caspian lake, thence on 
As far as Indus E-ist, Euphrates West, 
4nd oft beyond to South the Persian Bay, 
And inaccessible the Arabian drouth : 
Here Ntnevee, of length within her wall 
Several days journey, built by JVinus old. 
Of that first golden Monarchy the seat, 
\nd seat of Salmanassar, whose success 
Israel in long captivity still mourns ; 

There Babylon the wonder of all tongues, 2S0 

(48O 



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BK.III.] "Paradise Regained. 

As antient, but rebuilt by him who twice 

Judah and aU thy Father David'% house 

Led captive, and Jerusalem laid waste, 

Til] Cyrus set them free ; Persepolis 

His City there thou seest, and Bactra there; 

Ecbatana her structure vast there shews. 

And Hecatompylos her hunderd gates, 

There Susa by Choaspes, amber stream, 

The drink of none but Kings ; of later fame 

Built by Emaihian, or by Parthian hands. 

The great Sekucia, Nisibis, and there 

Arlaxala, Teredon, Tesiphon, 

Turning with easie eye thou may'st behold. 

All these the Parthian, now some Ages past. 

By great Arsaces led, who founded first 

liiat Empire, under his dominion holds 

From the luxurious Kings of Antioch won. 

And just in time thou com'st to have a view 

Of his great power ; for now the Parthian King 

In Ctesiphon hath gather'd all his Host 

Against the Scythian, whose incursions wild 

Have wasted Sogdiana ; to her aid 

He marches now in hast; see, though from far, 

His thousands, in what martial equipage 

They issue forth, Steel Bows, and Shafts their arras 

Of equal dread in flight, or in pursuit ; 

All Horsemen, in which fight they most excel ; 

See how in warlike muster they appear, 

In Rhombs and wedges, and half moons, and wing 

He look't and saw what numbers numberless 
The City gates out powr'd, light armed Troops 
In coats of Mail and military pride ; 
In Mail thir horses clad, yet fleet and strong, 
Prauncing their riders bore, the flower and choice 
Of many Provinces from bound to bound; 
From Arachosia, from Candaor East, 
And Margiana to the Hyrcanian cliifs 
Of Caucasus, and dark Iberian dales, 
From Atropatia and the neighbouring plains 
Of Adiabene, Media, and the South 
Of Susiana to Sahara's hav'n. 
He saw them in thir forms of battel! rang'd, 
(483) liJ 



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"Paradise Regained. [bk.] 

How quick they wheel'd, and flying behind them shot 

Sharp sleet of arrowie showers against the face 

Of thir pursuers, and overcame by flight ; 

The field all iron cast a gleaming brown. 

Nor wanted clouds of foot, nor on each horn. 

Cuirassiers all in steel for standing fight; 

Chariots or Elephants endorst with Towers 

Of Archers, nor of labouring Pioners 3 

A multitude with Spades and Axes arm'd 

To lay hills plainj fell woods, or valleys fill, 

Or where plain was raise hill, or over-lay 

With bridges rivers proud, as with a yoke ; 

Mules after these, Camels and Dromedaries, 

And Waggons fraught with Utensils of war. 

Such forces met not, nor so wide a camp. 

When Agrican with all h N th n powers 

Besi^'d Albracea, as R n t 11 ; 

The City of Gallaph « f n th ce to win 3 

The fairest of her S An I a 

His daughter, sought by n anj P west Knights, 

Both Payttim, and the P of Charkmane. 

Such and so numero w th Ch valrie ; 

At sight whereof the Fiend yet more presum'd. 

And to our Saviour thus his words renew'd. 

That thou may'st know I seek not to engage 
Thy Vertue, and not every way secure 
On no slight grounds thy safety; hear, and mark 
To what end I have brought thee hither and shewn 3 
All this fair sight ; thy Kingdom though foretold 
By Prophet or by Angel, unless thou 
Endeavour, as thy Father David did, 
Thou never shalt obtain ; prediction still 
In all things, and all men, supposes means. 
Without means us'd, what it predicts revokes. 
But say thou wer't possess'd of David's Throne 
By free consent of all, none opposite, 
Satiiaritan ox Jew; how could st thou hope 
Long to enjoy it quiet and secure, 3 

Between two such enclosing enemies 
Roman and Parthian ? therefore one of these 
Thou must make sure thy own, the Parthian first 
By my advice, as nearer and of late 

(454) 



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:. in.] 'Paradise Regain' d 

Found able by invasion to annoy 
Thy countrj, and captive lead awaj hei Kings 
Antigonus, and old Hyrcanus bound, 
Maugre the Roman it shall be my tisk 
To render thee the Parthian at dispose, 
Chuse which thou wilt b> conquest or by league 
By him thou shalt regain, without him not, 
That which alone can truly reinstall thee 
In Daiid's royal seat, his true Successour, 
Deliverance of thy brethren, those ten Tnbes 
Whose offspring in his Territory yet serve 
In Mabor, and among the Medes dispers't, 
Ten Sons ai Jacob, two oi Joseph lost 
Thus long from Israel; serving as of old 
Thir Fathers in the land of Egypt serv'd, 
This offer sets before thee to deliver. 
These if from servitude thou shalt restore 
To thir inheritance, then, nor til! then, 
Thou on the Throne of David in full glory, 
From Egypt to Euphrates and beyond 
Shalt raign, and Rome or Cmar not need fear. 
To whom our Saviour answer'd thus unmov'd. 
Much ostentation vain of fleshly arm, 
And fragile arms, much instrument of war 
Long in preparing, soon to nothing brought, 
Before mine eyes thou hast set ; and in my ear 
Vented much policy, and projects deep 
Of enemies, of aids, battels and leagues, 
Plausible to the world, to me worth naught. 
Means I must use thou say'st, prediction else 
Will unpredict and fail me of the Throne : 
My time I told thee, (and that time for thee 
Were better farthest off) is not yet come ; 
When that comes think not thou to find me slack 
On my part aught endeavouring, or to need 
Thy politic maxims, or that cumbersome 
Luggage of war there shewn me, argument 
Of human weakness rather then of strength. 
My brethren, as thou call'st them ; those Ten Tribes 
I must deliver, if I mean to raign 
David's true heir, and his full Scepter sway 
To just extent over all IsraePs Sons; 
(48s) 



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Taradise Regain'd. [i 

But whence to thee this zeal, where was it then 

For Israel, or for Dcmid^ or his Throne, 

When thou stood'st up his Tempter to the pride 

Of numbring Israel, which cost the lives 

Of threescore and ten thousand Israelites 

By three days Pestilence? such was thy zeal 

To Israel then, the same that now to me. 

As for those captive Tribes, themselves were they 

Who wrought their own captivity, fell ofl" 

From God to worship Calves, the Deities 

Of -Egypt, Baal next and Ashtaroth, 

And ali the Idolatries of Heathen round, 

Besides thir other worse then heathenish crimes ; 

Nor in the land of their captivity 

Humbled themselves, or penitent besought 

Tiie God of their fore-fathers ; but so dy'd 

Impenitent, and left a race behind 

Like to themselves, distinguishable scarce 

From Gentiis, but by Circumcision vain. 

And God with Idols in" their worship joyn'd. 

Should I of these the liberty regard. 

Who freed, as to their antient Patrimony, 

Unbumbl'd, unrepentant, unreform'd, 

Headlong would follow ; and to thir Gods perhaps 

Of Bethel and of Dan ? no, let them serve 

Thir enemies, who serve Idols with God. 

Yet he at length, time to himself best known, 

Reraembring Abraham by some wond'rous call 

May bring them back repentant and sincere, 

And at their passing cleave the Assyrian flood. 

While to their native land with joy they hast. 

As the Red Sea and Jordan once he cleft. 

When to the promis'd land thir Fathers pass'd ; 

To his due time and providence I leave them. 

So spake Israer% true King, and to the Fiend 
Made answer meet, that made void all his wiles. 
So fares it when with truth falshood contends. 

The End of the Third Book. 
(486) 



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PARADISE, REGAIN'D. 

The Fourth Book. 

Perplex'd and troubl'd at his bad success 
The Tempter stood, nor had what to reply, 
Discover'd in his fraud, thrown from his hope, 
So oft, and the perswasive Rhetoric 
That sleek't his tongue, and won so much on Eve, 
So little here, nay lost; but Eve was Em, 
This far his over-match, who self deceiv'd 
And rash, before-hand had no better weigh'd 
The strength he was to cope with, or his own : 
But as a man who had been matchless held 
In cunning, over-reach't where least he thought, 
To salve his credit, and for very sprght 
Still will be tempting him who foyls him still. 
And never cease, though to his shame the more ; 
Or as a swarm of flies in vintage time. 
About the wine-press where sweet moust is powr'd, 
Beat off, returns as oft with humming sound; 
Or surging waves against a solid rock. 
Though all to shivers dash't, the assault renew. 
Vain battry, and in froth or bubbles end : 
So Satan, whom repulse upon repulse 
Met ever; and to shameful silence brought. 
Yet gives not o're though desperate of success, 
And his vain importunity pursues. 
He brought our Saviour to the western side 
Of that high mountain, whence he might behold 
Anotber plain, long but in bredth not wide; 
Wash'd by the Southern Sea, and on the North 
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Tarad'tse Regained. [bk.: 

To equal length back'd with a ridge of hills 

That screen'd the fruits of the earth and seais of men 

From cold Septenlrion blasts, thence in the midst 

Divided by a river, of whose banks 

On each side an Imperial City stood, 

With Towers and Temples proudly elevate 

On seven small Hills, with Palaces adorn'd. 

Porches and Theatres, Baths, Aqueducts, 

Statues and Trophees, and Triumphal Arcs, 

Gardens and Groves presented to his eyes. 

Above the highth of Mountains interpos'd. 

By what strange Parallax or Optic skill 

Of vision muhiplyed through air, or glass 

Of Telescope, were curious to enquire : 

And now the Tempter thus his silence broke. 

The City which thou seest no other deem 
Then great and glorious Home, Queen of the Earth 
So far renown'd, and with the spoils enricht 
Of Nations; there the Capitol tliou seest 
Above the rest lifting his stately head 
On the Tarpeian rock, her Cittadel 
Impregnable, and there Mount Palatine 
The Imperial Palace, compass huge, and high 
The Structure, skill of noblest Architects, 
With gilded battlements, conspicuous far, 
Turrets and Terrases, and glittering Spires. 
Many a fair Edifice besides, more like 
Houses of Gods (so well I have dispos'd 
My Aerie Microscope) thou may'st behold 
Outside and inside both, pillars and roofs 
Carv'd work, the hand of fam'd Artificers 
In Cedar, Marble, Ivory or Gold. 
Thence to the gates cast round thine eye, and see 
What confiux issuing forth, or entring in, 
Pretors, Proconsuls to thir Provinces 
Hasting or on return, in robes of State; 
Lictors and rods the ensigns of thir power. 
Legions and Cohorts turmes of horse and *smgs: 
Or Embassies from Regions fir remote 
In various habits on the Appiaii roid. 
Or on the ^-Emthan ';ome from farthest '^outh, 
Syene and >ihere the shadow both way falls, 
(488) 



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K.IV.] Taradise Regained. 

Meroe, Nil6tic Isle; and more to' West, 

The Realm oi Bocchus to the Black-moor Sea; 

From the Asian Kings and Parthian among these, 

From India and the golden Ckersomss, 

And utmost Indian Isle Taprobane, 

Dusk faces with white silken Turbants wieath'd: 

From Gallia, Gades, and the BritHsh West, 

Germans and Scythians, and Sarmatians North | 

Beyond Danubim to the Tauric Poo!. / 

All Nations now to Rome obedience pay. 

To Rome's great Emperour, whose wide domain 

In ample Territory, wealth and power, 

Civility of Manners, Arts, and Arms, 

And long Renown thou justly may'st prefer 

Before the Parthian ; these two Thrones except. 

The rest are barbarous, and scarce worth the sight, 

Shar'd among petty Kings too far remov'd; 

These having shewn thee, I have shewn thee all 

The Kingdoms of the worldj and all thir glory. 

This Emperour hath no Son, and now is old. 

Old, and lascivious, atid from Rome retir'd 

To Capres an Island small but strong 

On the Campanian shore, with purpose there 

His horrid lusts in private to enjoy, 

Committing to a wicked Favourite 

All publick cares, and yet of him suspicious, 

Hated of all, and hating ; with what ease 

Indu'd with Regal Vertues as thoti art. 

Appearing, and beginning noble deeds. 

Might's! thou expel this monster from his Throne 

Now made a stye, and in his place ascending 

A victor people free from servile yoke? 

And with my help thou may'st; to me the power 

Is given, and by that right I give it thee. f 

Aim therefore at no less then all the world, 

Aim at the highest, without the highest attain'd 

Will be for thee no sitting, or not long 

On Davids Throne, be propheci'd what will. 

To whom the Son of God unmov'd reply'd. 
,Nor doth this grandeur and majestic show 
.' Of luxury, though call'd magnificence, 
j More then of arms before, allure mine eye, 

1 (489) 



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"Paradise Regaifi'd. [bi 

Much less my mind; though thou should'st add to t 

Thir sumptuous gluttonies, and goigeous feasts 

On Cittron tables or Atlantic stone; 

(For I have also heard, perhaps have read) 

Their wines of Setia, Cales, and Falerne, 

.Chios and Greet, and how they quaff in Goid, 

(Crystal and Myrrhine cups imboss'd with Gems 
And studs of Pearl, to me should'st tell who thirst 
And hunger stil! : then Embassies thou shew'st 
From Nations far and nigh ; what honour that, 
But tedious wast of time to sit and hear 
So many hollow complements and lies. 
Outlandish flatteries? then proceed'st to talk 
Of the Emperour, how easily subdu'd, 
How gloriously; I shall, thou say'st, expel 
A brutish monster : what if I withal 
Expel a Devil who first made him such? 
Let his tormenter Conscience find him out, 
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v.] Taradise Regain'd. 

I see all offers made by me how slight 
Thou valu'st, because offer'd, and reject'st : 
Nothing will please the difficult and nice. 
Or nothing more then still to contradict: 
On the other side know also thou, that I 
On what I offer set as high esteem. 
Nor what I part with mean to give for naught; 
All these which in a moment thou behold'st, 
The Kingdoms of the world to thee I give ; 
For giv'n to me, I give to whom I please, 
No trifle ; yet with this reserve, not else, 

^n this condition, if thou wilt fall down. 
And worship me as thy superior Lord, 
Easily done, and hold them all of me ; 
For what can less so great a gift deserve? 

Whom thus our Saviour answer'd with disdain. 
I never lik'd thy talk, thy offers less. 
Now both abhor, since thou hast dar'd to utter 
The abominable terms, impious condition; 
But I endure the time, till which expir'd. 
Thou hast permission on me. It is written 
The first of all Commandments, Thou shalt worship 
"he Lord thy God, and only him shalt serve; 
And dar'st thou to the Son of God propound 
To worship thee accurst, now more accurst 
For this attempt bolder then that on Eve, 
And more blasphemous? which expect to rue. 
The Kingdoms of the world to thee were giv'n. 
Permitted rather, and by thee usurp't. 
Other donation none thou canst produce: 
If given, by whom but by the King of Kings, 
God over all supreme ? if giv'n to thee. 
By thee how (airly is the Giver now 
Repaid? But gratitude in thee is lost 
Long since. Wert thou so void of fear or shame. 
As offer them to me the Son of God, 
To me my own, on such abhorred pact, 

IThat I fall down and worship thee as God? 
Get thee behind me; plain thou now appear'st 

'Tliat Evil one, Satan for ever daran'd. 

To whom the Fiend with fear abasht reply'd. 
Be not so sore offended, Son of God ; 
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Taradise Regain'd. [b 

Though Sons of God both Angels are and Men, 
If I to try whether in higher sort 
Then these thou bear'st that title, have propos'd 
What both from Men and Angels I receive, 
Tetrarchs of fire, air, flood, and on the earth 
Nations besides from all the quarter'd winds, 
God of this world invok't and world beneath ; 
Who then thou art, whose coming is foretold 
To me so fatal, me it most concerns. 
The tryal hath indamag'd thee no way, 
Rather more honour left and more esteem ; 
Me naught advantag'd, missing what I aim'd. 
Therefore let pass, as they are transitory, 
The Kingdoms of this world ; I shall no more 
Advise thee, gain them as thou canst, or not. 
And thou thy self seem'st otherwise inclin'd 
Then to a worldly Crown, addicted more 
To contemplation and profound dispute. 
As by that early action may be judg'd, 
When slipping from thy Mothers eye thou went'st 
Alone into the Temple; there was found 
Among the gravest Rabbies disputant 
On points and questions fitting Moses Chair, 
Teaching not taught ; the childhood shews the man. 
As morning shews the day. Be famous then 
By wisdom; as thy Empire must extend, 
So let extend thy mind o're all the world. 
In knowledge, all things in it comprehend. 
All knowledge is not couch't in Moses Law, 
The Pentateuch or what the Prophets wrote. 
The Gentiles also know, and write, and teach 
To admiration, led by Natures light; 
And with the Gentiles much thou must converse. 
Ruling them by perswasion as thou mean'st. 
Without thir learning how wilt thou with them. 
Or they with thee hold conversation meet? 
How wilt thou reason with them, how refute 
Thir Idolisms, Traditions, Paradoxes ? 
Error by his own arms is best evinc't. 
Look once more e're we leave this specular Mount 
Westward, much nearer by Southwest, behold 
Where on the ^gean shore a City stands 
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■ ivO Taradhe Regain" d. 

Built nobly, pure the air, and light the soil, 
Athens the eye of Greece, Mother of Arts 
And Eloquence, native to famous wits 
Or hospitable, in her sweet recess. 
City or Suburban, studious walks and shades ; 
See there the Olive Grove of Academe, 
Platans retirement, where the Aitk Bird 
Trills her thick-waibl'd notes the summer long, 
There flowrie hill Hymetius with the sound 
Of Bees industrious murmur oft invites 
To studious musing ; there Ilissus rouls 
His whispering stream ; within the walls then view 
The schools of antient Sages ; his who bred 
Great Alexander to subdue the world, 
Lyceum there, and painted Stoa next : 
There thou shalt hear and learn the secret power 
Of harmony in tones and numbers hit 
By voice or hand, and various-measur'd verse, 
■^ ^olian charms and Dorian Lyric Odes, 
And his who gave them breath, but higher sung, 
Blind Melesigenes thence Homer call'd. 
Whose Poem Phabus challeng'd for his own. 
Thence what the lofty grave Tragcedians taught 
In Chorus or Lamhic, teachers best 
Of moral prudence, with delight receiv'd 
In brief sententious precepts, while they treat 
Of fate, and chance, and change in human life; 
High actions, and high passions best describing : 
Thence to the famous Orators repair, 
Those antient, whose resistless eloquence 
Wielded at will that fierce Democratic, 
Shook the -Arsenal and fulmin'd over Greece, 
To Mucedon, and Artaxerxes Throne ; 
To sage Philosophy next lend thine ear, 
From Heaven descended to the low-rooft house 
Of Socrates, see there his Tenement, 
Whom well inspir'd the Oracle pronounc'd 
Wisest of men ; from whose mouth issu'd forth 
MelKSuous streams that water'd all the schools 
Of Academics old and new, with those 
Simam'd Peripatetics, and the Sect 
Epicurean,' and the Stoic severe ; 

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T^aradise Regained. [bi 

These here revolve, or, as thou lik'st, at home, 
Til! time mature thee to a Kingdom's waight ; 
l"hese rules will render thee a King compleat 
Within thy self, much more with Empire joyn'd. 

To whom our Saviour sagely thus repli'd. 
Think not but that I know these things, or think 
I know them not ; not therefore am I short 
Of knowing what I aught : he who receives 
Light from above, from the fountain of light, 
No other doctrine needs, though granted true; 
But these are false, or little else hut dreams, 
Conjectures, fancies, built on nothing firm. 
The first and wisest of them all profess'd 
To know this only, that he nothing knew: 
The next to fabling fell and smooth conceits, 
A third sort doubted all things, though plain sence ; 
Others in vertue plac'd felicity, 
But vertue joyn'd with riches and long life. 
In corporal pleasure he, and careless ease, 
The Stoic last in Philosophic pride. 
By him call'd vertue ; and his vertuous man, 
Wise, perfect in himself, and all f 
Equal to God, oft shames not to prefer, 
As fearing Gkid. nor man, contemning all 
Wealth, pleasure, pain or torment, death and life. 
Which when he lists, he leaves, or boasts he can, 
For all his tedious talk is but vain boast. 
Or subtle shifts conviction to evade. 
Alas what can they teach, and not mislead; 
Ignorant of themselves, of God much more. 
And how the world began, and how man fell 
Degraded by himself, on grace depending? 
Much of the Soul they talk, but all awrie. 
And in themselves seek vertue, and to themselves 
All glory arrogate, to God give none. 
Rather accuse him under usual names, 
Fortune and Fate, as one regardless quite 
Of mortal things. Who therefore seeks in these 
True wisdom, finds her not, or by delusion 
Far worse, her false resemblance only meets. 
An empty cloud. However many books 
Wise men have said are wearisom; who reads 
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BK. IV.] 'Paradise Regain' d. 

Incessantly, and to his reading brings not 

A spirit and judgment equal or superior, 

(And what lie brings, what needs he elsewhere seek) 

Uncertain and unsettl'd still remains, 

Deep verst in books" and stiallovv in himself. 

Crude or intoxicate; collecting toys. 

And trifles for choice matters, worth a spunge ; 

As Children gathering pihles on the shore. 

Or if I would delight my private hours 

With Music or with Poem, where so soori 

As in our native Language can I find 

That solace? All our Law and Story strew'd 

With Hymns, our Psalms with artful terms inscrib'd. 

Our Hebrew Songs and Harps in Babylon, 

That pleas'd so well our Victors ear, declare 

That rather Greece from us these Arts deriv'd; 

111 imitated, while they loudest sing 

The vices of thir Deities, and thir own 

*In Fable, Hymn, or Song, so personating 

Thir Gods ridiculous, and themselves past shame. 

Remove their swelling Epithetes thick laid 

As varnish on a Harlots cheek, the rest. 

Thin sown with aught of profit or delight. 

Will far be found unworthy to compare 

With Sion'% songs, to all true tasts excelling, 

AVhere God is prais'd aright, and Godlike men, 

/The Holiest of Holies, and his Saints; 

\Such are from God inspir'd, not such from thee; 

\Unless where moral vertue is express't 
By light of Nature not in all quite lost. 
Thir Orators thou then extoJl'st, as those '■. 

The top of Eloquence, Statists indeed, 
And lovers of thir Country, as may seem; 
But herein to our Prophets far beneath. 
As men divinely taught, and better teaching 
The solid rules of Civil Government 
In thir majestic unaffected stile 
Then all the Oratory of Greece and Jiome. 
In them is plainest taught, and easiest learnt, 
What makes a Nation happy, and keeps it so, 
What ruins Kingdoms, and lays Cities flat ; 
These only with our Law best form a King, 
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Tarad'ise Regained. [qk, 

So spake the ^on of God - but Satin now 
Quite d rt 

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Sin m arts, 

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What h use 

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Which d h h rt h ease 

On Davids Throne, or Throne of all the world, 
Now at full age, fulness of time, thy season, 
When Prophesies of thee are best fuUfill'd. 
Now contrary, if I read aught in Heaven, 
Or Heav'n write aught of Fate, by what the Stars 
Voluminous, or single characters. 
In thir conjunction met, give me to spell. 
Sorrows, and labours, opposition, hate. 
Attends thee, scorns, reproaches, injuries. 
Violence and stripes, and lastly cruel death, 
A Kingdom they portend thee, but what Kingdom, 
Real or Allegoric I discern not, 
Nor when, eternal sure, as without end, 
Without beginning; for no date prefixt 
Directs me in the Starry Rubric set. 
i So sa)ang he took (for still he knew his power 
/Not yet expir'd) and to the Wilderness 
/ Brought back the Son of God, and left him there, 
\ Feigning to disappear. Darkness now rose. 
As day-light sunk, and brought in lowring night 
Her shadowy off-spring unsubstantial both, 
Privation meer of light and absent day. 
/Our Saviour meek and with untroubl'd mind 
'After his aerie jaunt, though hurried sore. 
Hungry and cold betook Mm to his rest. 
Wherever, under some concourse of shades 
I Whose branching arms thick intertwind might shield 
I From dews and damps- of night his shelter'd head, 
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IV.] 'Paradise Regained. 

But shelter'd slept in vain, for at his head 
The Tempter watch'd, and soon with ugly dreams 
Disturb'd his sleep ; and either Tropic now 
'Gan thunder, and both ends of Heav'n, the Clouds 
From many a horrid rift abortive pour'd 
Fierce rain with lightning mixt, water with fire 
In ruine recondl'd : nor slept the winds 
Within thir stony caves, but rush'd abroad 
From the four hinges of the world, and fell 
On the vext Wilderness, whose tallest Pines, 
Though rooted deep as high, and sturdiest Oaks 
Bow'd thir Stiff necks, loaden with stormy blasts, 
Or torn up sheer: ill wast thou shrouded then, 
O patient Son of God, yet only stoodst 
Unshaken ; nor yet staid the terror there, 
Infernal Ghosts, and Hellish Furies, round 
Environ'd thee, some howl'd, some yell'd, some shriek 
Some bent at thee thir fiery darts, while thou 
Sat'st unappaird in calm and sinless peace. 
Thus pass'd the night so foul till morning fair 
Came forth with Pilgrim steps in amice gray ; 
Who with her radiant finger stiH'd the roar 
Of thunder, chas'd the clouds, and laid the winds. 
And grisly Spectres, which the Fiend had rais'd 
To tempt the Son of God with terrors dire. 
And now the Sun with more eiiectual beams 
Had chear'd the face of Earth, and dry'd the wet 
From drooping plant, or dropping tree; the birds 
Who all things now behold more fresh and green, 
After a night of storm so ruinous, 
Clear'd up their choicest notes in bush and spray 
To gratulate the sweet return of morn ; 
Nor yet amidst this joy and brightest morn 
Was absent, after all his mischief done. 
The Prince of darkness, glad would also seem 
Of this fair change, and to our Saviour came, 
Yet with no new device, they all were spent, 
Rather by this his last affront resolv'd, 
Desperate of better course, to vent his rage. 
And mad despight to be so oft repell'd. 
Him walking on a Sunny hill he found, 
Back'd on the North and West by a thick wood, 
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Taradise Remin'd. [bkiv 



Out of the wood he starts in wonted shape ; i 

And in a careless mood thus to him said. ' 450 

Fair morning yet betides thee San of God, 
After a dismal night; I heard the rack 
As Earth and Skie would mingle ; but my self 
Was distant ; and these flaws, though mortals fear them 
As dangerous to the pillard frame of Heaven, 
Or to the Earths dark basis underneath,, 
Are to the main as inconsiderable,., i 

And harmless, if not wholsom, as A sneeze \ 
To mails less universe, and soon are gone; 1 
Yet as being oft times noxious where they lighs 460 

On man, beast, plant, wastfu! and turbulent, 
Like turbulencies in the affelrs of men. 
Over whose heads they rore, and seem to poinl,' 
They oft fore-signifie and threaten ill : " ~~-^ 
This Tempest at this Desert most was bent; 
Of men at thee, for only thou here dwell'st. 
Did I not tell thee, if thou didst reject 
The perfet season oiferd with m^ aid 
To wm thy destm'd seat but wilt prolong 
All to the push of Fate, persue thy way 4^0 

Of gaining David's Throne no man kno\iS when, 
For both the when and how is no where told, 
Thou shalt be what thou art otdain'd, no doubt; 
For Angels have proclaim'd it, but concealing 
The time and means each act is righthest done. 
Not when it must, but when it may be best 
If thou observe not this, be sure to find 
What I foretold thee, many a hard as&aj 
Of dangers, and adversities and pams, 
E're thou of IsrofPs Scepter gtt fast hold , 4B» 

\\ hereof this ominous night that clos'd thee round. 
So many terrors, loices, prodigies 
May warn thee, as a sure foregoing sign 

So talk'd he, while the Son of God went on 
And staid not, but in bnef him answer'd thus 

Mee worse then wet thou find'st not, other harm 
Those terrors which thou speak st of, did me none; 
I never fear'd they could, though noising loud 
And threatning nigh ; what they can do as signs 
Betokening, or ill boding, I contemn 4r)o 

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:iv.] Taradise Regain' d. 

As false portents, not sent from God, but thee; 
Who knowing I shall raigii past thy preventing, 
Obtrud'st thy offer'd aid, that I accepting 
At least might seem to hold all power of thee. 
Ambitious spirit, and wouldst be thought my God, 
And storm'st refus'd, thinking to terrifie 
Mee to thy will; desist, thou art discern'd 
And toil'st in vain, nor me in vain molest. 

To whom the Fiend now swoln with rage reply'd : 
Then hear, Son of David, Virgin-born ; 
For Son of God to me is yet in doubt, 
Of the Messiah I have heard foretold 
By all the Prophets ; of thy birth at length 
Announc't by Gabriel with the first I knew, 
And of the Angelic Song in Bethlehem field, 
On thy birth-night, that sung thee Saviour bom. 
From that time seldom have I ceas'd to eye 
Thy infancy, thy childhood, and thy youth. 
Thy manhood last, though yet in private bred ; 
Till at the Ford ai Jordan whither all 
Flock'd to the Baptist, I among the rest, 
Though not to be Baptiz'd, by voice from Heav'n 
Heard thee pronounc'd the Son of God belov'd. 
Thenceforth I thought thee worth my nearer view 
And narrower Scrutiny, that I might learn 
In what degree or meaning thou art call'd 
The Son of God, which bears no single sence; 
The Son of God I also am, or was. 
And if I was, I am ; relation stands; 
All men are Sons of God; yet thee I thought 
In some respect far higher so declar'd. 
Therefore I watch'd thy footsteps from that hour. 
And follow'd thee still on to this wast wild; 
Where by all best conjectures I collect 
Thou art to be my fatal enemy. 
Good reason then, if I before-hand seek 
To understand my Adversary, who 
And what he is; his wisdom, power, intent, 
By pari, or composition, truce, or league 
To win him, or win from htm what I can. 
And opportunity I here have had 
To try thee, sift thee, and confess have found thee 
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'Paradise Regain' d. [bk.i 

Proof against all temptation as a rock 
Of Adamant, and as a Center, firm 
To the utmost of meer man both wise and good, 
Not more; for Honours, Riches, Kingdoms, Glory 
Have been before contemri'd, and may agen : 
Therefore to know what more thou art then man. 
Worth naming Son of God by voice from Heav'n, 
Another method I must now begin. r 

So. saying he caught him up, and without wing 
Of Hippogrif bore through the Air sublime 
Over the Wilderness and o're the Plain ; 
Till underneath them fair Jerusalem, 
The holy City lifted high her Towers, 
And higher yet the glorious Temple rear'd 
Her pile, far off appearing like a Mount 
Of Alabaster, top't with golden Spires : 
There on the highest Pinacle he set 
The Son of God; and added thus in scorn; ; 

There stand, if thou wilt stand ; to stand upright 
Will ask thee skill; I to thy Fathers house 
Have brought thee, and highest plac't, highest is best. 
Now shew thy Progeny ■ if not to stand 
Cast thy self down ; safel> if bo i ot (_ od 
For it is written. He will give command 
Concerning thee to his \ngels n tbir hands 
They shall up lift thee lest at aiy time 
Thou chance to dash thy foot against a stone. 

To whom thus Jesus also it is written ; 

Tempt not the Lord thy God, he said and stood. 
But Satan smitten with amazement fell 
As when Earths Son Antaus {to compare 
Small things with greatest) in Irassa strove 
With Joves Akides, and oft foil'd still rose. 
Receiving from his mother Earth new strength. 
Fresh from his fall, and fiercer grapple joyn'd, 
Throttl'd at length in the Air, expir'd and fell; 
S» after many a foil the Tempter proud, 
Renewing fresh assaults, amidst his pride i 

Fell whence he stood to see his Victor fall. 
And as that Theban Monster that propos'd 
Her riddle, and him, who solv'd it not, devour'd ; 
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IK. IV.] Taradise Regain' d. 

Cast her self headlong from th' Ismenian steep, 
So strook with dread and anguish fell the Fiend, 
And to his crew, that sat consulting, brought 
Joyless triumphals of his hop't success, 
Ruin, and desperation, and dismay. 
Who durst so proudly tempt the Son of God. 
So Satan fell and strait a fiery Globe 
Of Angels on full sail of wing flew nigh, 
Who on their plumy Vans receiv'd him soft 
From his uneasie station, and upbore 
As on a floating couch through the blithe Air, 
Then^in a flowry valley set him down 
On a green hank, and set before him spred 
A table of Celestial Food, Divine, 
Ambrosia!, Fruits fetcht from the tree of life, 
) And from the fount of life Ambrosial drink, 
I That soon refresh'd him wearied, and repair'd 
I What hunger, if aught hunger had impair'd, 
I Or thirst, and as he fed, Angelic Quires 

Sung Heavenly Anthems of his victory 
I Over temptation, and the Tempter proud. 
\ True Image of the Father whether thron'd 
In the bosom of bliss, and light of light 
Conceiving, or remote from Heaven, enshrin'd 
In fleshly Tabernacle, and human form, 
Wandring the Wilderness, whatever place, 
Habit, .or state, or motion, still expressing 
The Son of God, with Godlike force indu'd 
Ag^nsC th' Attemp'ter of thy Fathers Throne, 
And Thief of Paradise ; him long of old 
Thou didst debel, and down from Heav'n cast 
With all his Army, now thou hast aveng'd 
Supplanted Adam, and by vanquishing 
Temptation, hast regain'd lost Paradise, 
And frustrated the conquest fraudulent ; 
He never more henceforth will dare set foot 
In Paradise to tempt ; his snares are broke ; 
For though that seat of earthly bliss be fail'd, 
A fairer Paradise is founded now 
For Adam and his chosen Sons, whom thou 
A Saviour art come down to re-install. 
Where they shall dwell secure, when time shall be 
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'Paradise Regain d. [bk, 

Of Tempter and Temptation without fear. 

But thou, Infernal Serpent, shalt not long 

Rule in the Clouds; like an Autumnal Star 

Or Lightning thou shalt fall from Heav'n trod down 

Under his feet; for proof, e're this thou feel'st 

Thy wound, yet not thy last and deadliest wound 

By this repulse receiv'd, and hold'st in Hell 

No triumph; in all her gates Abaddon rues 

Thy bold attempt; hereafter learn with awe 

To dread the Son of God : he all unarm'd 

Shall chase thee with the terror of his voice 

From thy Demoniac holds, possession foul. 

Thee and thy Legions, yelling they shall flyc, 

And beg to hide them in a herd of Swint;, 

Lest he command them down into the deep 

Bound, and to torment sent before thir time. 

Hail Son of the most High, heir of both worlds, 

Queller of Satan, on thy glorious work 

Now enter, and begin to save mankind. 

Thus they the Son of God our Saviour meek 
Sung Victor, and from Heavenly Feast refresht 
Brought on his way with joy ; hee unobserv'd 
Home to his Mothers house private return'd. 



The End. 



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SAMSON 

AGONISTES, 

A 

DRAMATIC POEM. 



The Author 
JOHN J4 I L TO N. 

Arijiot. reet. Cap. 6, 
Tg^ya JIa fufoim ir(tl^i»( fms/'tuatt ^^• 
Tragadiae(iimitatic adioau firit, &c Per mifericirSam & 
mttuM fer^ciens taliumaffeUHitmli^ratiunem' 



LONDON, 

Piinted by J. M. for Johit Sinr^ey at the 
iiitn'in fleetflreet, near TemfU-Bir. 
MDCLXXI. 
I 



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HoEleSbyGoOt^le 



of that sort of Dramatic 'Poem 
which is caird Trav 



Tragedy, as it was antiently compos' d, hath been ever held 
the gravest, moralesC, and most profitable of all other Poems : 
therefore said by Aristotle to be of power by raising pity and fear, 
or terror, to purge the mind of those and such like passions, that 
is to temper and reduce them to just measure with a kind of 
delight, stirr'd up by reading or seeing those passions well imitated. 
Nor is Nature wanting in her own effects to make good his as- 
sertion : for so in Physic things of melancholic hue and quality are 
us'd against melancholy, sowr against sowr, salt to remove salt 
humours. Hence Philosophers and other gravest Writers, as Ckero, 
Plutarch and others, frequently cite out of Tragic Poets, both to 
adorn and illustrate thir discourse. The Apostle Paul himself 
thought it not unworthy to insert a verse of Euripides into the Text 
of Holy Scripture, i Cor. ig. 33. and Parmus commenting on the 
Revelation, divides the whole Book as a Tragedy, into Acts dis- 
tinguisht each by a Chorus of Heavenly Harpings and Song be- 
tween. Heretofore Men in highest dignity have labour'd not a 
little to be thought able to compose a Tragedy. Of that honour 
Dionysius the elder was no less ambitious, then before of his 
attaining to the Tyranny. Augustus Casar also had begun his Ajax, 
but unable to please his own judgment with what he had begun, 
left it unfinisht. Seneca the Philosopher is by some thought the 
Author of those Tragedies (at lest the best of them) that go under 
that name. Gregory Ndzianzen a Father of the Church, thought 
it not unbeseeming the sanctity of his person to write a Tragedy, 
which he entitl'd, Christ suffering. This is mention'd to vindicate 
Tragedy from the small esteem, or rather infamy, which in the 
account of many it undergoes at this day with other common Inter- 
ludes ; hap'ning through the Poets error of intermixing Comic stuff 
with Tragic sadness and gravity ; or introducing trivial and vulgar 
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persons, which by all judicious hath bin counted absurd ; and 
brought in without discretion, corruptly to gratifie the people. 
And though antient Tragedy use no Prologue, yet using sometimes, 
in case of self defence, or explanation, that which Martial calls an 
Epistle ; in behalf of this Tragedy coming forth after the antient 
manner, much different from what among us passes for best, thus 
much before-hand may be Epistl'd ; that Chorus is here introduc'd 
after the Greek manner, not antient only but modem, and still in 
use among the Italians, In the modelling therefore of this Poem, 
with good reason, the Antients and Italians are rather follow'd, as 
of much more authority and fame. The measure of Verse us'd in 
the Chorus is of all sorts, call'd by the Greeks Monostrophic, or 
rather Afoklymenon, without regard had to Strophe, AnHstfiphe 
or Epod, which were a kind of Stanza's fram'd only for the Music, 
then us'd with the Chorus that sung ; not essential to the Poem, 
and therefore not material ; or being divided into Stanza's or Pauses, 
they may be call'd AUisostropha. Division into Act and Scene 
referring chiefly to the Stage (to which this work never was intended) 
is here omitted. 

It suffices if the whole Drama be found not produc't beyond the 
fift Act, of the style and uniformitie, and that commonly call'd 
the Plot, whether intricate or explicit, which is nothing, indeed 
but such feconomy, or disposition of die fable as may stand best 
with verisimilitude and decorum ; they only will best judge who 
are not unacquainted with Mschulus, Sophocles, and Euripides, the 
three Tragic Poets unequall'd yet by any, and the best rule to 
all who endeavour to write Tragedy. The circumscription of time 
wherein the whole Drama begins and ends, is according to antient 
rule, and best example, within the space of 34 hours. 



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The ARGUMENT. 

Samson made Captive, Blind, and now in the Prison at Qia.T&, there 
to labour as in a common work-house, on a Festival day, itt the gen- 
eral cessation from labour, eomes forth into the open Air, to a place 
nigh, somewhat retif'd there to sit a while and bemoan his condition. 
Where he happens at length to be visited by certain friends and eguals 
of his tribe, which make the Chorus, who seek to comfort him what 
they can ; then by his old Father Manoa, who endeavours the like, and 
withal fells Mm his purpose to procure his liberty by ransom ; lastly, 
that this Feast was proclaim' d by the Philistins as a day of Thanks- 
giving for thir deliverance from the hands of Samson, which yet more 
troubles him. Manoa then departs to prosecute his endeavour with 
the Philistian Lords for Samson'j redemption ; who in the mean while 
is visited by other persons ; and lastly fy a pubKck Officer to require 
his coming to the Feast before the Lords and People, to play or shew 
his strength in thir presence ; he at first refuses, dismissing the publick 
Officer with absolute denyal to come ; at length perswaded inwardly 
that this was from God, he yields to go along with him, who came 
now the second time with great threatnings to fetch him ; the Chorus 
yet remaining on the place,M.^x\<xi.retiirnsfuU of joyful hope, to procure 
e're long his Sons deliverance : in the midst of which discourse an 
Ebrew comes in haste confusedly at first ; and afterward more dis- 
tinctly relating the Catastrophe, what Samson Imd done to the Phil- 
istins, and by accident to himself; wherewith the Tragedy ends. 



(io?) 



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The Persons. 

Manoa the Father of Samson. 

Dalila his Wife. 

Harapha of Gath. 

Publick Officer. 

Messenger. 

Chorus of Daniles. 



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SAMSON 

AGONISTES. 



Sams, A little onward lend thy guiding hand 
To these dark steps, a httle further on ; 
For yonder bank hath choice of Sun or shade, 
There I am wont to sit, when any chance 
Reheves me from my task of servile toy], 
Daily in the common Prison else enjoyn'd me. 
Where I a Prisoner chain'd, scarce freely draw 
The air imprison'd also, close and damp, 
Unwholsom draught : but here I feel amends, 
The breath of Heav'n fresh-blowing, pure and sweet, 
With day-spring born ; here leave me to respire. 
This day a solemn Feast the people hold 
To Dagon thir Sea-Idol, and forbid 
Laborious works, unwiOingly this rest 
Thir Superstition yields me ; hence with leave 
Retiring from the popular noise, I seek 
This unfrequented place to find some ease. 
Ease to the body some, none to the mind 
From restless thoughts, that like a deadly swarm 
Of Hornets arm'd, no sooner found alone, 
But rush upon me thronging, and present 
Times past, what once I was, and what am now. 
O wherefore was my birth from Heaven foretold 
Twice by an Angel, who at last in sight 
Of both my Parents all in flames ascended 
From off the Altar, where an Off'ring bum'd. 
As in a fiery column charioting 
His Godlike presence, and from some great act 
Or benefit reveal'd to Abraham's race? 
Why was my breeding order'd and prescrib'd 
{5«9) 



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Samson Agonistes. 

As of a person sepaxate to God, 
Design'd for great exploits; if I must dye 
Eetray'd, Captiv'd, and both my Eyes put out, 
Made of my Enemies the scorn and gaze ; 
To grind in Brazen Fetters under task 
With this Heav'n-gifted strength? O glorious strength 
Put to the labour of a Beast, debas't 
Lower then bondslave 1 Promise was that I 
Should Israel from Philutian yoke deliver ; 
Ask for this great Deliverer now, and find him 
Eyeless in Gaza at the Mill with slaves, 
Himself in bonds under Philisfian yoke ; 
Yet stay, let me not rashly call in doubt 
Divine Prediction ; what if all foretold 
Had been fulfilld but through mine own default, 
Whom have I to complain of but ray self? 
Who this high gift of strength committed to me, 
In what part lodg'd, how easily bereft me, 
Under the Seal of silence could not keep, 
But weakly to a woman must reveal it 
O'recome with importunity and tears. 
O impotence of mind, in body strong ! 
But what is strength without a double share 
Of wisdom, vast, unwieldy, burdensom, 
Proudly secure, yet liable to fall 
By weakest suttleties, not made to rule. 
But to subserve where wisdom bears command. 
God, when he gave me strength, to shew withal 
How shght the gift was, hung it in my Hair. 
But peace, I must not quarrel with the will 
Of highest dispensation, which herein 
Happ'iy had ends above my reach to know : 
Suffices that to me strength is my bane. 
And proves the sourse of all my miseries ; 
So many, and so huge^ that each apart 
Would ask a life to wail, hut chief of all, 
O loss of sight, of thee I most complain ! 
Bhnd among enemies, O worse then chains, 
Dungeon, or be^ery, or decrepit age ! 
Light the prime work of God to me is extinct. 
And all her various objects of delight 
AnnulI'd, which might in part ray grief have eas'd, 
(s.») 



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Samson Agonistes. 

Inferiour to the vilest now become 

Of man or worm ; the vilest here excel me, 

They creep, yet see, I dark in light expos'd 

To daily fraud, contempt, abuse and wrong. 

Within doors, or without, still as a fool. 

In power of others, never in my own ; 

Scarce half I seem to live, dead more then half. 

O dark, dark, dark, amid the blaze of noon, 

Irrecoverably dark, total Eclipse 

Without all hope of day ! 

O first created Beam, and thou great Word, 

Ixt there be light, and light was over all ; 

Why am I thus bereav'd thy prime decree? 

The Sun to me is dark 

And silent as the Moon, 

When she deserts the night 

Hid in her vacant interlunat cave. 

Since light so necessary is to life, 

And almost life itself, if it be true 

That light is in the Soul, 

She all in every part; why was the sight 

To such a tender ball as th' eye confin'd ? 

So obvious and so easie to be quench't. 

And not as feeling through all parts diffus'd, 

That she might look at will through every pore? 

Then had I not been thus exil'd from light ; 

As in the land of darkness yet in light, 

To live a life half dead, a living death. 

And buried; but O yet more miserable! 

My self, my Sepulcher, a moving Grave, 

Buried, yet not exempt 

By priviledge of death and burial 

From worst of other evils, pains and wrongs. 

But made hereby obnoxious more 

To all the miseries of life, 

Life in captivity 

Among h na foes. 

But wl th ? for with joint pace I hear 

The t d f y feet stearing this way ; 

Perhap mj who come to stare 

At mj tfl t d perhaps to insult, 

Thir d ly p t o afflict roe more. 

Cs") 



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Samson yigonistes. 



Chor. This, this is he ; softly a while, 
Let us not break in upon him; 
O change beyond report, thought, or belief ! 
See how he lies at random, carelessly diffus'd, 
With languish't head unpropt, 

As one past hope, abandon'd uo 

And by himself given over ; 
In slavish habit, ill-fitted weeds 
O're worn and soild ; 

Or do my eyes misrepresent? Can this be bee, 
That Heroic, that Renown'd, 
Irresistible Samson ? whom unarm'd 

No strength of man, or fiercest wild beast could withstand ; 
Who tore the Lion, as the Lion tears the Kid, 
Ran on embattelld Armies clad in Iron, 
And weaponless himself, i^o 

Made A.rms ridiculous, useless the forgery 
Of brazen shield and spear, the hammer'd Cuirass, 
Chalybean temper'd steel, and frock of mail 
Adamantean Proof; 
But safest he who stood aloof. 
When msupporfably his foot advanc't, 
In scorn of thir proud arms and warlike tools, 
Spum'd them to death by Troops. The bold Ascalomte 
Fled from his Lion ramp, old Warriors turn'd 
Thir plated backs under his heel; 14Q 

Or grovling soild thir crested helmets in the dust. 
Then with what trivial weapon came to hand, 
The Jaw of a dead Ass, his sword of bone, 
A thousand fore-skins fell, the flower of Pakstin 
In Ramath-kchi famous to this day; 
Then by main force puU'd up, and on his shoulders bore 
The Gates of A%%a, Post, and massie Bar 
Up to the Hill by Hebron, seat of Giants old, 
No journey of a Sabbath day, and loaded so ; 
Like whom the Gentiles feign to bear up Heav'n. 150 

Which shall I first bewail. 
Thy Bondage or lost Sight, 
Prison within Prison 
Inseparably dark? 

Thou art become (O worst imprisonment !) 
The Dungeon of thy self; thy Soul 

(s..) 



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Samson Agonistes. 

(Which Men enjoying sight oft without cause complain) 

Imprison'd now indeed, 

In real darkness of the body dwells. 

Shut up from outward light i6i 

Tq incorporate with gloomy night ; 

For inward light alas 

Puts forth no visual beam, 

mirror of our fickle state, 
Since man on earth unparallel'd ! 
The rarer thy example stands, 

By how much from the top of wondrous glory, 
Strongest of mortal men, 

To lowest pitch of abject fortune thou art fall'n. 
For him I reckon not in high estate - 171 

Whom long descent of birth 
Or the sphear of fortune raises ; 
But thee whose strength, while vertue was her mate 
. Might have subdu'd the Earth, 
Universally crown'd with highest praises. 

Sam. I hear the sound of words, thir sense the air 
Dissolves un jointed e're it reach my ear. 

Chor. Hee speaks, let us draw nigh. Matchless in might 
The glory late of Israel, now the grief; 
We come thy friends and neighbours not unknown iSi 
From Eshtaol and Zor(£% fruitful Vale 
To visit or bewail thee, or if better. 
Counsel or Consolation we may bring. 
Salve to thy Sores, apt words have power to swage 
The tumors of a troubl'd mind, 
And are as Balm to fester'd wounds. 

Sam. Your coming. Friends, revives me, for I learn 
Now of my own experience, not by talk, 
How counterfeit a coin they are who friends 
Bear in their Superscription (of the most rgc 

1 would be understood) in prosperous days' 
They swarm, but in adverse withdraw their head" 
Not to be found, though sought, Yee see, O" friends, 
How many evils have enclos'd me round; 

Yet that which was the worst now least afflicts me,~ 
Blindness, for had I sight, confus'd with shame. 
How could I once look up, or heave the head. 
Who like a foolish Pilot have shipwrack't, 

(S.3) ■ tl ■ "' 



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Samson Agonistes. 

My Vessel trusted to me from above. 
Gloriously rigg'd ; and for a word, a tear, 
Fool, have divulg'd the secret gift of God 
To a deceitful Woman : tell me Friends, 
Am I not sung and proverbd for a Fool 
In every street, do they not say, how well 
Are come upon him his deserts ? yet why ? 
Immeasurable strength they might behold 
In me, of wisdom nothing more then mean ; 
This with the other should, at least, have paird, 
These two proportiond ill drove me transverse. 

Chor. Tax not divine disposal, wisest Men 
Have err'd, and by bad Women been deceiv'd ; 
And shall again, pretend they ne're so wise. 
Deject not then so overmuch thy self. 
Who hast of sorrow thy full load besides ; 
Yet truth to say, I oft have heard men wonder 
Why thou shouldst wed Philistian women rather 
Then of thine own Tribe fairer, or as fair. 
At least of thy own Nation, and as noble. 

Sam. The first I saw at Timna, and she pleaa'd 
Mee, not my Parents, that I sought to wed. 
The daughter of an Infidel : they knew not 
That what I motion'd was of God; I knew 
From intimate impulse, and therefore urg'd 
The Marriage on; that by occasion hence 
I might begin Israel's Deliverance, 
The work to which I was divinely call'd; 
She proving false, the next I took to Wife 
(O that I never had ! fond wish too late) 
Was in the Vale of Sorec, Dalila, 
That specious Monster, my accomplisht snare. 
I thought it lawful from my former act. 
And the same end; still watching to oppress 
Israels oppressours ; of what now I suffer 
She was not the prime cause, but I my self, 
Who vanquisht with a peal of words (O weakness !) 
Gave up my fort of silence to a Woman. 
"~Chor. In seeking just occasion "to 'provoke 
The Philistine, thy Countries Enemy, 
Thou never wast remiss, I bear thee witness ; 
Vet Israel still serves with all his Sons. 



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Samson Agonlstes. 



Sam. That fault I take not on me, but transfer 
On Israel's Govemours, and Heads of Tribes, 
Who seeing those great acts which God had done 
Singly by me against their Conquerours 
Acknowledg'd not, or not at all consider'd 
Deliverance offerd : I on th' other side 
Us'd no ambition to commend my deeds, 
The deeds themselves, though mute, spoke loud the dooer ; 
But they persisted deaf, and would not seem 
To count them things worth notice, till at length 250 

Thir Lords the Philistines with gather'd powers 
Enterd Judea seeking mee, who then 
Safe to the rock of Etham was retir'd. 
Not flying, but fore-casting in what place 
To set upon them, what advantag'd best ; 
Mean while the men of Judah to prevent 
The harrass of thir Land, beset me round ; 
I willingly on some conditions came 
Into thir hands, and they as gladly yield me 
To the uncircumcis'd a welcom prey, 360 

Bound with two cords; but cords to me were threds 
Toucht with the flame : on thir whole Host I flew 
Unarm'd, and with a trivial weapon fell'd 
Thir choicest youth; they only liv'd who fled. 
Ha.dJudaA that day join'd, or one whole Tribe, 
They had by this possess'd the Towers of Gaii, 
And lorded over them whom now they serve ; 
But what more ofl: in Nations grown corrupt. 
And by thir vices brought to servitude. 
Then to love Bondage more then Liberty, 270 

Bondage with ease then strenuous liberty; 
And to despise, or envy, or suspect 
Whom God hath of his special favour raJs'd 
As thir Deliverer ; if he aught begin. 
How frequent to desert him, and at last 
To heap ingratitude on worthiest deeds? 

CJior. Thy words to my remembrance bring 
How Succoth and the Fort of Penuel 
Thir great Deliverer contemn'd. 

The matchless Gideon in pursuit 380 

Of Madian and her vanquish! Kings : 
And how ingrateful Ephraim 



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Samson Agonistes. 

Had dealt with Jephtha, who by ai^ument, 
Not worse then by his shield and spear 
Defended Israel from the Ammonite, 
Had not his prowess quell'd thir pride 
In that sore battel when so many dy'd 
Without Reprieve adjuc^'d to death, 
For want of well pronouncing Shibboleth. 

Sam. Of such examples adde mee to the roul, 
Mee easily indeed mine may neglect, 
But Gods propos'd deliverance not so. 

Chor. Just are the ways of God, 
And justifiable to Men ; 
Unless there be who think not God at all, 
If any be, they walk obscure; 
For of such Doctrine never was there School, 
But the heart of the Fool, 
And no man therein Doctor but himself 

Yet more there be who doubt his ways not just, 
As to his own edicts, found contradicting. 
Then give the rains to wandring thought, 
Regardless of his glories diminution ; 
Till by thir own perplexities involv'd 
They ravel more, still less resolv'd. 
But never find self-satisfying solution. 

As if they would confine th' interminable. 
And tie him to his own prescript. 
Who made our Laws to bind us, not himself, 
And hath full right to exempt 
Whom so it pleases him by choice 
From National obstriction, without taint 
Of sin, or legal debt; 
For with his own Laws he can best dispence. 

He would not else who never wanted means, 
Nor in respect of the enemy just cause 
To set his people free. 
Have prompted this Heroic Nazarite, 
Against his vow of strictest purity, 
To seek in marriage that fallacious Bride, 
Unclean, unchaste. 

Down Reason then, at least vain reasonings down. 
Though Reason here aver 
That moral verdit quits her of unclean ; 



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Samson Agonutes. 

Unchaste was subsequent, her stain not his. 

But see here comes thy reverend Sire 
With careful step, Locks white as doune. 
Old Manoah : advise 
Forthwith how thou oughtst to receive him. 

Sam. Ay me, another inward grief awak't, 
With mention of that name renews th' assault. 

Man. Brethren and men of Dan, for such ye st 
Though in this uncouth place; if old respect, 
As I suppose, towards your once gloried friend, 
My Son now Captive, hither hath inform'd 
Your younger feet, while mine cast back with age 
Cajne lagging after; say if he be here. 

C^or. As signal now in low dejected state, 
As earst in highest, behold him where he lies. 

Man. O miserable change ! is this the man. 
That invincible Samson, far renown'd, 
The dread of IsraeP^ foes, who with a strength 
Equivalent to Angels walk'd thir streets, 
None offering fight; Who single combatant 
Duell'd thir Armies rank't in proud array. 
Himself an Army, now unequal match 
To save himself against a coward arm'd 
At one spears length. O ever failing trust 
In mortal strength \ and oh what not in man 
Deceivable and vain 1 Nay what thing good 
Pray'd for, but often proves our woe, our bane ? 
I pray'd for Children, and thought barrenness 
In wedlock a reproach ; I gain'd a Son, 
And such a Son as all Men hail'd me happy; 
Who would be now a Father in my stead P 
O wherefore did God grant me my request. 
And as a blessing with such pomp adom'd? 
Why are his gifts desirable, to tempt 
Our earnest Prayers, then giv'n with solemn hand 
As Graces, draw a Scorpions tail behind? 
For this did the Angel twice descend? for this 
Ordain'd thy nurture holy, as of a Plant; 
Select, and Sacred, Glorious for a while. 
The miracle of men ; then in an hour 
Ensnar'd, assaulted, overcome, led bound, 
Thy Foes derision, Captive, Poor, and Blind 



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Samson Agonistes. 

Into a Dungeon fhrust, to work with Slaves? 

Alas methinks whom God hath chosen once 

To worthiest deeds, if he through frailty err, 

He should not so o'rewhelm, and as a thrall 3^ 

Subject him to so foul indignities, 

Be it but for honours sake of former deeds. 

Sam. Appoint not heavenly disposition. Father, 
Nothing of all these evils hath befall'n me 
But justly; I my self have brought them on, 
Sole Author I, sole cause : if aught seem vile, 
As vile hath been my folly, who have profan'd 
The mystery of God giv'n me under pledge 
Of vow, and have betray'd it to a woman, 
A Canaanite, my faithless enemy. 3: 

This well I knew, nor was at all surpris'd. 
But warn'd by oft experience : did not she 
Of Timna first betray me, and reveal 
The secret wrested from me in her highth 
Of Nuptial Love profest, carrying it strait 
To them who had corrupted her, my Spies, 
And Rivals? In this other was there found 
More Faith ? who also in her prime of love, 
Spousal embraces, vitiated with Gold, ■ 
Though ofTet'd only, by the sent conceiv'd 3. 

Her spurious first-bom ; Treason against me ? 
Thrice she assay'd with flattering prayers and sighs, 
And amorous reproaches to win from me 
My capital secret, in what part my strength 
Lay stor'd in what part summ'd, that she might know: 
Thrice I deluded her, and turn'd to sport 
Her importunity, each time perceiving 
How openly, and with what impudence 
She purpos'd to betray me and (which was worse 
Thei d bid h t ) with what contempt 4 

She gh t k T ytor to my self; 

Yet th f rth t m h n mustring all her wiles. 
With hi d ht p 1 f m nine assaults, 
Tong b tc h s'd not day nor night 

To t ht nd wearied out 

At t m h k most repose and rest, 

I yi Id d d 1 kd h all my heart, 
Who th gr f m nh od well resolv'd 



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Samson Agomstes. 

Might easily have shook off all her snares ; 
But foal effeRiinacy held me yok't L-' 

Her Bond-slave; O indignity, blot 
To Honour and Religion ! servil mind 
Rewarded well with servil punishment! 
The base degree to which I now am fall'n 
These rags, this grinding, is not yet so ba; 
As was my former servitude, ignoble^ 
Unmanly, ignominious, infamous, 
True slavery, and that blindness worse then this. 
That saw not how degeneratly I 

Man. I cannot praise thy Marriage choises. 
Rather approv'd them not; but thou didst plead 
Divine impulsion prompting how thou might'st 
Find some occasion to infest our Foes. 
I state not that ; this I am sure ; our Foes 
Found soon occasion thereby to make thee 
Thir Captive, and thir triumph ; thou the sooner 
Temptation found'st, or over-potent charms 
To violate the sacred trust of silence 
Deposited within thee ; which to have kept 
Tacitj was in thy power; true; and thou bear'sl 
Enough, and more the burden of that fault ; 
Bitterly hast thou paid, and still art paying 
That rigid score. A worse thing yet remains. 
This day the Philistines a popular Feast 
Here celebrate in Gaza\ and proclaim 
Great Pomp, and Sacrifice, and Praises loud 
To Dagon, as their God who hath deliver'd 
Thee Samson bound and blind into thir hands, 
Them out of thine, who slew'st them many a slain. 
So Dagon shall be magniii'd, and God, 
Besides whom is no God, compar'd with Idols, 
Disglorifi'd, blasphem'd, and had in scorn 
By th' Idolatrous rout amidst thir wine; 
Which to have come to pass by means of thee, 
Samson, of all thy sufferings think the heaviest, 
Of all reproach the most with shame that ever 
Could have befall'n thee and thy Fathers bouse. 

Sam. Father, I do acknowledge and confess 
That I this honour, I this pomp have brought 
To Dagon, and advanc'd his praises high 



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Samson Agonhtes. 



. Among the Heathen round ; to God have brought 
Dishonour, obloquie, and op't the mouths 
Of Idolists, and Atheists; have brought scandal 
To Israel, diffidence of God, and doubt 
In feeble hearts, prepense anough before 
To waver, or fall off and joyn with Idols : 
Which is my chief affliction, shame and sorrow, 
The anguish of my Soul, that suffers not 
Mine eie to harbour sleep, or thoughts to rest. 
This only hope relieves me, that the strife 4S0 

With me hath end ; all the contest is now 
'Twixt God and Dagon ; Dagon hath presum'd, 
Me overthrown, to enter lists with God, 
His Deity comparing and preferring 
Before the God of Abraham. He, be sure, 
VVill not connive, or linger, thus provok'd, 
But will arise and his great name assert : 
Dagon must stoop, and shall e're long receive 
Such a discomfit, as shall quite despoil him 
Of all these boasted Trophies won on me, 470 

And with confusion blank his Worshippers. 

Man. With cause this hope relieves thee, and these words 
I as a Prophecy receive : for God, 
Nothing more certain, will not long defer 
To vindicate the glory of his name 
Against all competition, nor will long 
Endure it, doubtful whether God be Lord, 
Or Dagon. But for thee what shall be done ? 
Thou must not in the mean while here forgot 
Lie in this miserable loathsom plight 4S0 

Neglected. I already have made way 
To some Philistian Lords, with whom to treat 
About thy ransom ; well they may by this 
Have satisii'd thir utmost of revenge 
By pains and slaveries, worse then death inflicted 
On thee, who now no more canst do them harm. 

Sam. Spare that proposal, Father, spare the trouble 
Of that soliicitation ; let me here. 
As I deserve, pay on my punishment ; 
And expiate, if possible, my crime, 490 

Shameful garrulity. To have reveal'd 
Secrets of men, the secrets of a friend. 



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Samson Agonistes. 

How hainous had the fact been, how deserving 

Contempt, and scorn of all, to be excluded 

All friendship, and avoided as a blab, 

The mark of fool set on his front? 

But I Gods counsel have not kept, his holy secret 

Presumptuously have publish'd, impiously. 

Weakly at least, and shamefully : A sin 

That Gentiles in thir Parables condemn 

To thir abyss and horrid pains confin'd. 

Man. Be penitent and for thy fault contrite. 
But act not in thy own affliction. Son, 
Repent the sin, but if the punishment 
Thou canst avoid, self-preservation bids ; 
Or th' execution leave to high disposal. 
And let another hand, not thine, exact 
Thy penal forfeit from thy self; perhaps 
God will relent, and quit thee all his debt; 
Who evermore approves and more accepts 
(Best pleas'd with humble and filial submission) 
Him who imploring mercy sues for life. 
Then who self-rigorous chooses death as due ; 
Which argues over-just, and self-displeas'd 
For self-offence, more then for God offended. 
Reject not then what offerd means, who knows 
But God hath set before us, to return thee 
Home to thy countrey and his sacred house. 
Where thou mayst bring thy ofTrings, to avert 
His further ire, with praiers and vows renew'd. 

Sam. His pardon I implore; but as for life. 
To what end should I seek it? when in strength 
All mortals I excell'd, and great in hopes 
With youthful courage and magnanimous thoughts 
Of birth from Heav'n foretold and high exploits, 
Full of divine instinct, after some proof 
Of acts indeed heroic, far beyond 
The Sons of Anac, famous now and blaz'd, 
Fearless of danger, like a petty God 
I waik'd about admir'd of all and dreaded 
On hostile ground, none daring my affront. 
Then swoll'n with pride into the snare I fell 
Of fair fallacious looks, venereal trains, 
Softn'd with pleasure and voluptuous hfe; 



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Samson Agonistes. 



At length to ky my head and hallow'd pledge 

Of all my strength in the lascivious lap 

Of a deceitful Concnbine who shore me 

Like a tame Weather, all my precious fleece, 

Then turn'd me out ridiculous, despoil'd, 

Shav'n, and disarm'd among my enemies. 540 

Chor. Desire of wine and all delicious drinks, 
Which many a famous Warriour overturns. 
Thou coutdst repress, nor did the dancing Ruble 
Sparkling, out-pow'rd, the flavor, or the smell. 
Or taste that cheers the heart of Gods and men. 
Allure thee from the coo! Crystalline stream. 

Sam. Where ever fountain or fresh current flow'd 
Against the Eastern ray, translucent, pure, 
With touch setherial of Heav'ns fiery rod 
I drank, from the clear milkie juice allaying 550 

Thirst, and refresht ; nor envy'd them the grape 
Whose heads that turbulent liquor fills with fumes. 

Chor. O madness, to think use of strongest wines 
And strongest drinks our chief support of health. 
When God with these forbid'n made choice to rear 
His mighty Champion, strong above compare. 
Whose drink was only from the liquid brook. 

Sam. But what avail'd this temperance, not compleat 
Against another object more enticing? 
What boots it at one gate to make defence, 560 

And at another to let in the foe 
Effeminatly vanquish'! ? by which means, 
Now blind, disheartn'd, sham'd, dishonour'd, quell'd, 
To what can I be useful, wherein serve 
My Nation, and the work from Heav'n impos'd. 
But to sit idle on the houshold hearth, 
A burdenous drone ; to visitants a gaze, 
Or pitied object, these redundant locks 
Robustious to no purpose clustring down, 
Vain monument of strength; till length of years jjo 

And sedentary numness craze my limbs 
To a contemptible old age obscure. 
Here rather let me drudge and earn my bread, 
Till vermin or the draff of servil food 
Consume me, and oft-invocated death 
Hast'n the welcom end of all my pains. 



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Samson Agonhtes. 



Man. Wilt thou then serve the Philistines with that gift 
Which was expresly giv'n thee to annoy them? 
Better at home He bed-rid, not only icUe, 
Inglorious, unimploy'd, with age out-worn. jSo 

But God who caus'd a fountain at thy prayer 
From the dry ground to spring, thy thirst to allay 
After the brunt Of battel, can as easie 
Cause light again within thy eies to spring, 
Wherewith to serve him better then thou hast ; 
And I perswade me so ; why else this strength 
Miraculous yet remaining in those locks? 
His might continues in thee not for naii^ht, 
Nor shall his wondrous gifts be frustrate thus. 

Sam. All otherwise to me my thoughts portend, 590 
That these dark orbs no more shall treat with light, 
Nor th' other light of life continue long. 
But yield to double darkness nigh at hand: 
So much I feel my genial spirits droop, 
My hopes all flat, nature within me seems 
In all her functions weary of herself; 
My race of glory run, and race of shame. 
And I shall shortly be with them that rest. 

Man. Believe not these suggestions which proceed 
From anguish of the mind and humours black, 600 

That mingle with thy fancy. I however 
Must not omit a Fathers timely care 
To prosecute the means of thy deliverance 
By ransom or how else : mean while be calm, 
And healing words from these thy friends admit. 

Sam. O that torment should not be confin'd 
To the bodies wounds and sores 
With maladies innumerable 
In heart, head, brest, and reins; 

But must secret passage find 610 

To th' inmost mind. 
There exercise all his fierce accidents. 
And on her purest spirits prey, 
As on entrails, joints, and limbs, 
With answerable pains, but more intense, 
Though void of corporal sense. 

My griefs not only pain me 
As a lingring disease, 
(S=3) 



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Samson Agonistes. 

But finding no redress, ferment and rage, 

Nor less then wounds immedicable 

Ranckle, and fester, and gangrene. 

To black mortification. 

Thoughts my Tormenters arm'd with deadly stings 

Mangle my apprehensive tenderest parts. 

Exasperate, exulcerate, and raise 

Dire inflammation which no cooling herb 

Or medcinal liquor can asswage, 

Nor breath of Vernal Air from snowy Alp. 

Sleep hath forsook and giv'n me o're 

To deaths benumming Opium as my only cure. 

Thence faintings, swounings of despair, 

And sense of Heav'ns desertion. 

I was his nursling once and choice delight. 
His destin'd from the womb, 
Promisd by Heavenly message twice descending. 
Under his special ele 
Abstemious t grew up and thriv'd amain ; 
He led me on to mightiest deeds 
Above the nerve of mortal arm 
Against the uncircumcis'd, our enemies. 
But now hath cast me off as never known, 
And to those cruel enemies. 
Whom I by his appointment had provok't, 
Left me all helpless with th' irreparable loss 
Of sight, reserv'd alive to be repeated 
The subject of thir cruelty, or scorn. 
Nor am I in the list of them that hope ; 
Hopeless are all my evils, all remediless ; 
This one prayer yet remains, might I be heard. 
No long petition, speedy death, 
The close of all my miseries, and the balm. 

Chor. Many are the sayings of the wise 
In antient and in modern books enroU'd ; 
Extolling Patience as the truest fortitude; 
And to the bearing well of all calamities, 
All chances incident to mans frail life 
Consolatories writ 

With studied argument, and much perswasion sought 
Lenient of grief and anxious thought, 
But with th' atBicted in his pangs thir sound 



Honed by Google 



Samson Agomstes. 



Little prevails, or rather seems a tune, 

Harsh, and of dissonant mood from his complaint. 

Unless he feel within 

Some sourse of consolation from above ; 

Secret refreshings, that repair his strength. 

And fainting spirits uphold. 

God of our Fathers, what is man ! 
That thou towards him with hand so various, 
Or might I say contrarious, 

Tempers! thy providence through his short course, firo 
Not evenly, as thou rul'st 

The Angelic orders and inferiour creatures mute. 
Irrational and brute. 

Nor do I name of men the common rout. 
That wand ring loose about 
Grow up and perish, as the summer flie. 
Heads without name no more rememberd. 
But such as thou hast solemnly elected. 
With gifts and graces eminently adorn'd 
To some great work, thy glory, 6?o 

And peoples safety, which in part they effect : 
Yet toward these thus dignifi'd, thou oft 
Amidst thir highth of noon, 

Changest thy countenance, and thy hand with no regard 
Of highest favours past 
From thee on them, or them to thee of service. 

Nor only dost degrade them, or remit 
To Hfe obscur'd, which were a fair dismission, 
But throw'st them lower then thou didst exalt them high. 
Unseemly falls in human eie, 690 

Too grievous for the trespass or omission. 
Oft leav'st them to the hostile sword 
Of Heathen and prophane, thir carkasses 
To dogs and fowls a prey, or else captiv'd : 
Or to the unjust tribunals, under change of times. 
And condemnation of the ingrateful multitude. 
If these they scape, perhaps in poverty 
With sickness and disease thou bow'st them down. 
Painful diseases and deform'd. 

In crude old age; ?oo 

Though not disordinate, yet causless suffring 
The punishment of dissolute days, in fine, 

(s.s) 



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Samson Agonistes. 



Just or unjust, alike seem miserable, 
For oft alike, both come to evil end. 

So deal not with this once thy glorious Champion, 
The Image of thy strength, and mighty minister. 
What do I beg? how hast thou dealt already? 
Behold him in this state calamitous, and turn 
His labours, for thou canst, to peaceful end. 

But who is this, what thing of Sea or Land? yio 

Femal of sex it seems, 
That so bedeckt, ornate, and gay, 
Comes this way sailing 
Like a stately Ship 
Of Tarsus, bound for th' Isles 
Oi Javan or Gadkr 

With all her bravery on, and tackle trim, 
Sails fill'd, and streamers waving. 
Courted by all the winds that hold them play. 
An Amber sent of odorous perfume 720 

Her harbinger, a damsel train behind ; 
Some rich Philistian Matron she may seem. 
And now at nearer view, no other certain 
Than Dalila thy wife. 

Sam, My Wife, my Traytress, let her not come near me. 

Cko. Yet on she moves, now stands & eies thee fixt, 
About t' have spoke, but now, with head declin'd 
Like a fair flower surcharg'd with dew, she weeps 
And words addrest seem into tears dissolv'd. 
Wetting the borders of her silk'n veil : 730 

But now again she makes address to speak. 

Dal. With doabtfu! feet and wavering resolution 
I came, still dreading thy displeasure, Samson, 
Which to have merited, without excuse, 
I cannot but acknowledge ; yet if tears 
May expiate (though the fact more evil drew 
In the perverse event then I foresaw) 
My penance hath not slack'n'd, though my pardon 
No way assur'd- But conjugal affection 
Prevailing over fear, and timerous doubt 740 

Hath led me on desirous to behold 
Once more thy face, and know of thy estate. 
If aught in my ability may serve 
To light'n what thou suffer'st, and appease 
(S'6) 



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Samson Agonistes. 



Thy mind with what amends is in my power. 

Though late, yet in some part to recompense 

My rash but more unfortunate misdeed. 
) Sam. Out, out Hyana ; these are thy wonted arts, 

j And arts of every woman false like thee, 
I To break all faith, all vows, deceive, betray, 750 

_Then as repentant to submit, beseech, 

And reconcilement move with feign'd remorse, 

Confess, and promise wonders in her change. 

Not truly penitent, but chief to try 

Her husband, how far urg'd his patience bears, 

His vertue or weakness which way to assail : 

Then with more cautious and instructed skill 

Again transgresses, and again submits ; 

That wisest and best men full oft beguil'd 

With goodness principl'd not to reject ;6o 

-^ The penitent, but ever to forgive, 

Are drawn to wear out miserable days, 

Entangl'd with a poysnous bosom snake. 

If not by quick destruction soon cut off 

As I by thee, to Ages an example. 

Dal. Yet hear me Samson; not that I endeavout' 

To lessen or extenuate my offence, 

But that on th' other side if it be weigh'd 

By it self, with aggravations not surchai^'d. 

Or else with just allowance counterpois'd 770 

I may, if possible, thy pardon find 

The easier towards me, or thy hatred less. - 

First granting, as I do, it was a weakness 

In me, but incident to all our sex, 

Curiosity, inquisitive, importune 

Of secrets, then with like infirmity 

To publish them, both common female faults : 

Was it not weakness also to make known - — ' 

For importunity, that is for naught, 

Wherein consisted all thy strength and safety? ;8o 

To what I did thou shewdst me first the way. 

But I to enemies reveal'd, and should not. 

Nor shouldst thou have trusted that to womans frailty '\,^ 

E're I to thee, thou to thy self wast cruel. 

Let weakness then with weakness come to pari 

So near related, or the same of kind, 



(i.» 



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Samson Agonhtes. 

Thine forgive mine; that men may censure thine 

The gentler, if severely thou exact not 

More strength from me, then in thy self was found. 

And what if Love, which thou interpret'st hate. 

The jealousie of Love, powerful of sway 

In human hearts, nor less in mine towards thee, 

Caus'd what I did? I saw thee mutable 

Of fancy, feard lest one day thou wouldst leave me 

As her at Timna, soiight by all means therefore 

How to endear, and hold thee to me firmest : 

No better way I saw then by importuning 

To learn thy secrets, get into my power 

Thy key of strength and safety : thou wi!t say. 

Why then reveal'd? I was assur'd by those 

Who tempted me, that nothing was design'd 

Against thee but safe custody and hold 

That made for me I knew that liberty 

Would draw thee torth to perilotis enterprises 

While I at home sate full of cares and fears 

Wailing thy absence m m) widow d bed 

Here I should st 11 enjoy thee daj and night 

Mine and Loves pr soner not the Phth tines 

Whole to mj self unhazarded abroad 

Fearless at hoi e of partners in my lote 

These reasons tn Loves lav have past fur good. 

Though fond and reasonless to some perhaps 

And Love hath ott well meaning wrought much wo, 

Yet always pity or pardon h-ith obtain d 

Be not unlike ill others not austere 

As thou art strong mflex ble as steel 

If thou n strength all mortals dost exceed 

In uncompassionate anger do not so 

Sam How cunn ngly the sorceress d splajs 
Her own transgressions to upbraid me mine 
That malice not repentance brought thee hither. 
By this appears I ga\e, thou sayst th example, 
I led the way bitter reproach but true 
I to my self was false ere thou to me 
Such pardon therefore as I give my lolly 
Take to thy wicked deed : which when thou seest 
Impartial, self-severei inexorable. 
Thou wilt renounce thy seeking, and rnuch rather 



by Google 



Samson ^gonistes. 

Confess it feign'd, weakness is thy excuse, 

And I believe it, weakness to resist 

Fhilistian gold : if weakness may excuse. 

What Murtherer, what Traytor, Parricide, 

Incestuous, Sacrilegious, but may plead it? 

All wickedness is weakness : that plea therefore 

With God or Man will gain thee no remission. 

But Love constrain'd thee ; call it furious rage 

To satisfie thy lust: Love seeks to have Love; 

My love how couldst thou hope, who tookst the way 

To raise in me inexpiable hate, 

Knowing, as needs I must, by thee betray'd ? 

In vain thou striv'st to cover shame with shame, 

Or by evasions thy crime uncoverst more. 

Dal. Since thou determinst weakness for no plea 
In man or woman, though to thy own condemning. 
Hear what assaults I had, what snares besides, 
What sieges girt me round, e're I consented ; 
Which might have aw'd the best resolv'd of men, 
The constantest to have yielded without blame. 
It was not gold, as to my charge thou lay'st, 
That wrought with me : thou know'st the Magistrates ■ 
And Princes of my countrey came in person, 
Sollicited, commanded, threatn'd, urg'd, 
Adjur'd by all the bonds of civil Duty 
And of Religion, press'd how just it was, 
How honoumble, how glorious to entrap 
A common enemy, who had destroy'd 
Such numbers of our Nation : and the Priest 
Was not behind, but ever at my ear, 
Preaching how meritorious with the gods 
It would be to ensnare an irreligious 
Dishonourer of Dagon : what had I 
To oppose against such powerful arguments? 
Only my love of thee held long debate ; , 
And combated in silence aU these reasons 
With hard con es a length that grounded maxim 
So rife and elebra ed n he mouths 
Of wisest men tha o he public good 
Private respe ts mus y eld with grave authority 
Took full po se s o of m and prevail'd ; 
Vertue, as I hough u h duty so enjoyning. 
(519) 1 m 



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Samson ^gonistes. 



Sam. I thought where all thy circling wiles would end ; 
In feign'd Religion, smooth hypocrisie. 
But had thy love, still odiously pretended, 
Bin, as it ought, sincere, it would have taught thee 
Far other reasonings, brought forth other deeds. 
I before all the daughters of my Tribe 
And of my Nation chose thee from among 
My enemies, lov'd thee, as too well thou knew'st. 
Too well, unbosom'd all my secrets to thee. 
Not out of levity, but over-powr'd SSo 

By thy request, who could deny thee nothing ; 
Yet now am judg'd an enemy. Why then 
Didst thou at first receive me for thy husband? 
Then, as since then, thy countries foe profest : 
Being once a wife, for me thou wast to leave 
Parents and countrey; nor was I their subject, 
Nor under their protection but my own. 
Thou mine, not theirs ; if aught against my life 
Thy countrey sought of thee, it sought unjustly, 
Against the law of nature, law of nations, 8go 

No more thy countrey, but an impious crew 
Of men conspiring to uphold thir state 
By worse than hostile deeds, violating the ends 
For which our countrey is a name so dear; 
Not therefore to be obey'd. But zeal mov'd thee; 
To please thy gods thou didst it ; gods unable 
To acquit themselves and prosecute their foes 
But by ungodly deeds, the contradiction 
Of their own deity, Gods cannot be : 

Less therefore to be pleas'd, obey'd, or fear'd, 900 

These false pretexts and varnish'd colours failing. 
Bare in thy guilt how foul must thou appear? 

Dal. In argument with men a woman ever 
Goes by the worse, whatever be her cause. 

Sam. For want of words no doubt, or lack of breath, 
Witness when I was worried with thy peals. 

Dal. I was a fool, too rash, and quite mistaken 
In what I thought would have succeeded best. 
Let me obtain forgiveness of thee, Samson, 
Afford me place to shew what recompence 910 

Towards thee I intend for what I have misdone. 
Misguided : only what remains past cure 
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Samson ^gonistes. 

Bear not too sensibly, nor still insist 

To afflict thy self in vain : though sight be lost, 

Life yet hath many solaces, enjoy'd 

Where other senses want not their delights 

At home in leisure and domestic ease. 

Exempt from many a care and chance to which 

Eye-sight exposes daily men abroad. 

I to the Lords will intercede, not doubting 921 

Thir favourable ear, that I may fetch thee 

From forth this loathsom prison-house, to abide 

With me, where my redoubl'd love and care 

With nursing diligence, to me glad office. 

May ever tend about thee to old age 

With all things grateful chear'd, and so suppli'd. 

That what by me thou hast lost thou least shalt miss. 

SantJ No, no, of my condition take no care; 
It fits not ; thou and I long since are twain ; 
Nor think me so unwary or accurst ■ 931 

To bring my feet again into the snare 
Where once I have been caught ; I know thy trains 
Though dearly to my cost, thy ginns, and toyls ; 
Thy fair enchanted cup, and warbling charms 
No more on me have power, their force is null'd, 
So much of Adders wisdom I have learn't 
To fence my ear against thy sorceries. 
If in my flower of youth and strength, when all men 
Lov'd, honour'd, feat'd me, thou alone could hate me 
Thy Husband, slight me, sell me, and forgo me; ' 941 
How wouldst thou use me now, blind, and thereby 
Deceiveable, in most things as a child 
Helpless, thence easily contemn'd, and scorn'd, 
And last neglected ? How wouldst thou insult 
When I must live uxorious to thy will 
In perfet thraldom, how again betray me. 
Bearing my words and doings to the Lords ■ 
To gloss upon, and censuring, frown or smile ? 
This Gaol I count the house of Liberty 
To thine whose doors my feet shall never enter. 9.5: 

Dal. Let me approach at least, and touch thy hand. 

Sam. Not for thy life, lest fierce remembrance wake 
My sudden rage to tear thee joint by joint 
At distance I forgive thee, go with that ; 
(531) M m 3 



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Samson ^gomstes. 



Bewail thy falshood, and the pious works 
It bath brought forth to make thee memorable 
Among illustrious women, faithful wives : 
Cherish thy hast'n'd widowhood with the gold 
Of Matrimonial treason: so farewel. 

Dal. I see thou art implacable, more deaf 960 

To prayers, then winds and seas, yet winds to seas 
Are reconcil'd at length, and Sea to Shore : 
Thy anger, unappeasable, still rages, 
Eternal tempest never to be calm'd. 
Why do I humble thus my self, and suing 
For peace, reap nothing but repulse and hate? 
Bid go with evil omen and the brand 
Of infamy upon my name denounc't? 
To mix with thy concernments I desist 
Henceforth, nor too much disapprove my own, 970 

Fame if not double-fac't is double-mouth'd. 
And with contrary blast proclaims most deeds, 
On both his wings, one black, th' other white, 
Bears greatest names in his wild aerie flight. 
My name perhaps among the Circumcis'd 
In Dan, in Jwdak, and the bordering Tribes, 
To all posterity may stand defam'd, 
With malediction mention'd, and the blot 
Of falshood most unconjugal traduc't. 

But in my countrey where I most desire, 580 

In Ecron, Gaza, Asdod, and in Gath 
I shall be nam'd among the famousest 
Of Women, sung at solemn festivals. 
Living and dead recorded, who to save 
Her countrey from a fierce destroyer, chose 
Above the faith of wedlock-bands, my tomb 
With odours visited and annual flowers. 
Not less renown'd then in Mount Ephraim, 
Jael, who with inhospitable guile 

Smote Sisera sleeping through the Temples nail'd. 990 

Nor shall I count it hainous to enjoy 
The public marks of honour and reward 
Conferr'd upon me, for the piety 
IVhich to my countrey I was judg'd to have shewn. 
At this who ever envies or repines 
I leave him to his lot, and like my own. 
(S3") 



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Samson Agonistes. 



Chor. She's gone, a manifest Serpent by her sting 
DiscoveHd in the end, till now conceal'd. 

Sam. So let her go, God sent her to debase me, 
And aggravate my folly who committed looo 

To such a viper his most sacred trust 
Of secresie, my safety, and my life. 

Chor. Yet beauty, though injurious, hath strange power. 
After offence returning, to regain 
Love once possest, nor can be easily 
Repuls't, without much inward passion felt 
And secret sting of amorous remorse. 

Sam. Love-quarrels ofi in pleasing concord end, 
Not wedlock-trecbery endangering life. 

Chor. It is not vertue, wisdom, valour, wit, loro 

Strength, comliness of shape, or amplest merit 
'^That womans love can win or long inherit; 
But what it is, hard is to say. 
Harder to hit, 

(Which way soever men refer it) 
Much like thy riddle, Samson, in one day 
Or seven, though one should musing sit; 

If any of these or all, the Timnian bride 
Had not so soon preferr'd 

Thy Paranymph, worthless to thee compar'd, loao 

Successour in thy bed, 
Nor both so loosly disally'd 
Thir nuptials, nor this last so trecherously 
Had shorn the fetal harvest of thy head. 
Is it for that such outward ornament 
Was lavish't on thir Sex, that inward gifts ■ 
Were left for hast unfinish't, judgment scant, '' 
Capacity not rais'd to apprehend 
Or value what is best 

In choice, but oftest to affect the wrong? 1030 

Or was too much of self-love mixt, 
Of constancy no root infixt. 
That either they love nothing, or not long? 

What e're it be, to wisest men and best 
Seeming at first all heavenly under virgin veil. 
Soft, modest, meek, demure, 
Once join'd, the contrary she proves, a thorn 
Intestin, far within defensive arms 
(533) 



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Samson Agonhtes. 

A cleaving mischief, in his way to vertue 
Adverse and turbulent, or by her charms ic 

J Draws him awry enslav'd 
) With dotage, and his sense deprav'd 
-C To folly and shameful deeds which ruin ends. 
What Pilot so expert but needs must wreck 
Embarqu'd with such a Stears-mate at the Helm ? 
y Favour'd of Heav'n who finds 
1 One vertuous rarely found, 
\ That in domestic good combines ; 
} Happy that house ! his way to peace is smooth : 

But vertue which breaks through all opposition, ic 

And all temptation can remove, 
Most shines and most is acceptable above. 
.t Therefore Gods universal Law 
"f'. Gave to the man despotic power 
/' Over his female in due awe, 
\ Nor from that right to part an hour, 
^ Smile she or lowre : 

So shall he least confusion draw 
. On his whole life, not sway'd 

' By female usurpation, nor dismay'd. k 

But had we best retire, I see a storm? 
Sam. Fair days have oft contracted wind and rain. 
Chor. But this another kind of tempest brings. 
Sam. Be less abstruse, my riddling days are past. 
Chor. Look now for no inchanting voice, nor fear 
The bait of honied words ; a rougher tongue 
Draws hitherward, I know him by his stride, 
The Giant Harapha of Gath, his look 
Haughty as is his pile high-built and proud. 
Comes he in peace ? what wind hath blown him hithei 
I less conjecture then when first I saw n 

The sumptuous Dalila floating this way: 
His habit carries peace, his brow defiance. 

Sam. Or peace or not, alike to me he comes. 
Ckor. His fraught we soon shall know, he now arriv 
Har. I come not Samson, to condole thy chance. 
As these perhaps, yet wish it had not been, 
Though for no friendly intent. I am of Gath, 
Men call me Harapha, of stock renown'd 
As Og or Anak and the Emims old n 

(iJ4) 



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Samson Agonistes. 



That Kiriathaim held, thou knowst me now 

If thou at all art known. Much I have hcaid 

Of thy prodigious might and feats perform'd 

Incredible to me, in this displeas'd. 

That I was never present on the place 

Of those encounters, where we might have tri'd 

Each others force in camp or listed field : 

And now am come to see of whom such noise 

Hath walk'd about, and each limb to survey, 

If thy appearance answer ioud report. logo 

Sam. The way to know were not to see but taste. 

Har. Dost thou already single me; I thought 
Gives and the Mill bad tam'd thee? O that fortune 
Had brought me to the field where thou art fam'd 
To have wroijght such wonders with an Asses Jaw; 
I should have forc'd thee soon with other arms, 
Or left thy carkass where the Ass lay thrown : 
So had the glory of Prowess been recover'd 
To Palestine, won by a Philistine 

From the unforeskinn'd race, of whom thou bear'st iioo 
The highest name for valiant Acts, that honour 
Certain to have won by mortal duel from thee, 
I lose, prevented by thy eyes put out. 

Sam. Boast not of what thou wouldst have done, but do 
What then thou would'st, thou seest it in thy hand. 

Har. To combat with a blind man I disdain, 
And thou hast need much washing to be toucht 

Sam. Such usage as your honourable Lords 
Afford me assassinated and betray'd, 

Who durst not with thir whole united powers mo 

In fight withstand me single and unarm'd, 
Nor in the house with chamber Ambushes 
Close-banded durst attaque me, no not sleeping. 
Till they had hir'd a woman with their gold 
Breaking her Marriage Faith to circumvent me. 
Therefore without feign'd shifts let be assign'd 
Some narrow place enclos'd, where sight may give thee. 
Or rather flight, no great advantage on me ; 
Then put on all thy gorgeous arms, thy Helmet 
And Brigandine of brass, thy broad Habergeon, 1120 

Vant-brass and Greves, and Gauntlet, add thy Spear 
A Weavers beam, and seven-times-folded shield, 
(iss) 



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Samson ^gonistes. 



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(536) 









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Samson Agonhtes. 

For valour to assail, nor by the sword 
Of noble Warriour, so to stain his honour, 
But by the Barbers razor best subdu'd. 

Sam. All these indignities, for such they are 
From thine, these evils I deserve and more, 
Acknowledge them from God inflicted on me 
Justly, yet despair not of his final pardon 
Whose ear is ever open ; and his eye 
Gracious to re-admit the suppliant; 
In confidence whereof I once again 
Defie thee to the trial of mortal fight, 
By combat to decide whose god is God, 
Thine or whom I with IsraePz Sons adore. 

liar. Fair honour that thou dost thy God, in tru 
He will accept thee to defend his cause, 
A Murtherer, a Revolter, and a Robber. 

Sam. Tongue-doubtie Giant, how dost thou prove me t 

Har. Is not thy Nation subject to our Lords ? 
Thir Magistrates, confest it, when they took thee 
As a League-breaker and deliver'd bound 
Into our hands : for hadst thou not committed 
Notorious murder on those thirty men 
At Askaion^ who ne e d d hee ha n 
Then like a Rob! pd hen of h obes? 

The Philisti whe hou h d b oke h league, 
Went up wi h n ed powe s hee on y seek ng, 
To others d d no olen e no sj o 1 

Sam. Ano g he Daugh e s of he Phlstims 
I chose a Wife, which argud me no foe, 
And in your City held my Nuptial Feast: 
But your ill-meaning Politician Lords, 
Under pretence of Bridal friends and guests, 
Appointed to await me thirty spies, 
Who threatning cruel death constrain'd the bride 
To wring from me and tell to them my secret, 
That solv'd the riddle which 1 had propos'd. 
When I perceiv'd all set on enmity. 
As on my enemies, where ever chanc'd, 
I us'd hostility, and took thir spoil 
To pay my underminers in thir coin. 
My Nation was subjected to your Lords. 
It was the force of Conquest ; force with force 
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Samson yigonistes. 



Is well ejected when the Conquer'd can. 

But I a private person, whom my Countrey 

As a league-breaker gave up. bound, presum'd 

Single Rebellion and did Hostile Acts. laio 

I was no private but a person rais'd 

With strength sufficient and command from Heav'n 

To free my Countrey ; if their servile minds 

Me their Deliverer sent would not receive, 

But to thir Masters gave me up for nought, 

Th' unworthier they; whence to this day they serve. 

I was to do my part from Heav'n assign'd. 

And had perforra'd it if my known offence 

Had not disabl'd me, not all your force: 

These shifts refuted, answer thy appellant nao 

Though by his blindness maim'd for high attempts. 

Who now defies thee thrice to single fight, 

As a petty enterprise of small enforce. 

Har. With thee a Man condemn'd, a Slave enrol'd, 
Due by the Law to capital punishment? 
To fight with thee no man of arms will deign. 

Sam. Cam'st thou for this, vain boaster, to survey me, 
To descant on my strength, and give thy verdit? 
Come nearer, part not hence so slight inform'd ; 
But take good heed my hand survey not thee, 1330 

Ifar. O Baal-sebub \ can my ears unus'd 
Hear these dishonours, and not render death? 

Sam. No man with-holds thee, nothing from thy band 
Fear I incurable ; bring up thy van. 
My heels are fetter'd, but my fist is free, 

Har. This insolence other kind of answer fits. 

Sam. Go baffl'd coward, lest I run upon thee, 
Though in these chains, bulk without spirit vast. 
And with one buffet lay thy structure low. 
Or swing thee in the Air, then dash thee down 1240 

To the hazard of thy brains and shatter'd sides. 

Har. By Astaroth e're long thou shalt lament 
These braveries in Irons loaden on thee. 

Chor. His Giantship is gone somewhat crestfall'n. 
Stalking with less unconsci'nable strides. 
And lower looks, but in a sultrie chafe. 

Sam. I dread him not, nor all his Giant-brood, 
Though Fame divulge him Father of five Sons 

(538) 



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Samson Agonistes. 

All of Gigantic size, Goliah chief. 

Chor. He wiO directly to the Lords, I fear, u 

And with malitious counsel stir them up 
Some way or other yet further to afflict thee. 

Sam. He must allege some cause, and offer'd fight 
Will not dare mention, lest a question rise 
Whether he durst accept the offer or not. 
And that he durst not plain enough appear'd. 
Much more affliction then already felt 
They cannot well impose, nor I sustain^ 
If they intend advantage of my labours 
The work of many hands, which earns my keeping r: 
With no small profit daily to my owners. 
But come what will, my deadliest foe will prove 
My speediest friend, by death to rid me hence. 
The worst that he can give, to me the best. 
Vet so it may fall out, because thir end 
Is hate, not help to me, it may with mine 
Draw thir own ruin who attempt the deed. 

Chor. Oh how comely it is and how reviving 
To the Spirits of just men long opprest ! 
When God into the hands of thir deliverer v. 

Puts invincible might 

To quell the mighty of the Earth, th' oppressour, 
The brute and boist'rous force of violent men 
Hardy and industrious to support 
Tyrannic power, but ragmg to pursue 
The righteous and all such as honour Truth ; 
He all thir Ammunition 
And feats of War defeats 
With plain Heroic magnitude of mind 
And celestial vigour arm'd, i: 

Thir Armories and Magazins contemns, 
Renders them useless, while 
With winged expedition 
Swift as the lightning glance he executes 
His errand on the wicked, who surpris'd 
Lose thir defence distracted and amaz'd. 

But patience is more oft the e 
Of Saints, the trial of thir fortitude. 
Making them each his own Deliverer 
And Victor over all 
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Samson ^gonistes. 



That tyrannie or fortune can inflict, 

Either of these is in thy lot, 

Samson, with might endu'd 

Above the Sons of men ; but sight hereav'd 

May chance to number thee with those 

Whom Patience finally must crown. 

This Idols day hath bin to thee no day of rest. 

Labouring thy mind 
More then the working day thy hands, 
And yet perhaps more trouble is behind. 1300 

For I descry this way 
Some other tending, in his hand 
A Scepter or quaint staff he bears, 
Comes on amain, speed in his look. 
By his habit I discern him now 
A Public Officer, and now at hand. 
His message will be short and voluble. 

Off. Ebrews, the Pris'ner Samson here I seek. 

Chor. His manacles remark him, there he sits. 

Off. Samson, to thee our Lords thus bid me say; 1310 
This day to Dagon is a solemn Feast, 
With Sacrifices, Triumph, Pomp, and Games; 
Thy strength they know surpassing human rate. 
And now some public proof thereof require 
To honour this great Feast, and great Assembly; 
Rise therefore with all speed and come along, 
Where I will see thee heartn'd and fresh clad 
To appear as fits before th' illustrious Lords. 

Sam. Thou knowst I am an Ebrew, therefore tell them, 
Our Law forbids at thir Reiigious Rites ijjo 

My presence ; for that cause I cannot come. 

Off. This answer, be assur'd, wili not content them. 

Sam. Have they not Sword-players, and ev'ry sort 
Of Gymnic Artists, Wrestlers, Riders, Runners, 
Juglers and Dancers, Antics, Mummers, Mimics, 
But they must pick me out with shackles tir'd. 
And over-iabour'd at thir publick Mill, 
To make them sport with blind activity? 
Do they not seek occasion of new quarrels 
On my refusal to distress me more, 1330 

Or make a game of my calamities ? 
Return the way thou cam'st, I will not come. 
(540) 



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Samson Agonistes. 



Off. Regard thy self, this will offend them highly. 

Sam. My self? my conscience and internal peace. 
Can they think me so broken, so dehas'd 
With corporal servitude, that my mind ever 
Will condescend to such absurd commands? 
Although thir drudge, to be thir fool or jester. 
And in my midst of sorrow and hearl-grief 
To shew them feats, and piay before thir god, 1340 

The worst of all indignities, yet on me 
Joyn'd with extream contempt? I will not come. 

Off. My message was impos'd on me with speed, 
Brooks no delay ; is this thy resohition ? 

Sam. So take it with what speed thy message needs. 

Off. I am sorry what this stoutness will produce. 

Sam. Perhaps thou shalt have cause to sorrow indeed. 

Chor. Consider, Samson ; matters now are strain'd 
Up to the highth, whether to hold or break j 
He's gone, and who knows how he may report 1350 

Thy words by adding fuel to the flame? 
Expect another message mote imperious, 
More Lordly thund'ring then thou well wilt bear. 

Sam. Shall I abuse this Consecrated gift 
Of strength, again returning with my hair 
After my great transgression, so requite 
Favour renew'd, and add a greater sin 
By prostitutii^ holy things to Idols; 
A Nazarite in place abominable 

Vaunting my strength in honour to thir Dagonl 1360 

Besides, how vile, contemptible, ridiculous, 
What act more execrably unclean, prophane? 

Chor. Yet with this strength thou aerv'st the PhiHslmes, 
Idolatrous, uncircumcis'dj unclean. 

Sam. Not in thir Idol-worship, but by labour 
Honest and lawful to deserve my food 
Of those who have me in thir civil power. 

Chor. Where the heart joins not, outward acts defile not. 

Sam. Where outward force constrains, the sentence holds ; 
But who constrains me to the Temple of Dagon, 1370 
Not dragging? the Philistian Lords command. 
Commands are no constraints. If I obey them, 
I do it freely ; venturing to displease 
God for the fear of Man, and Man prefer, 
(S4.) 



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Samson ^gonhtes. 



Set God behind ■ whirh in his jealousie 

Shall ne^e^ unrepented find forgiveness 

Vet that he m-i) dispense with me or thee 

Present in Temples it Idolatrous R tes 

For some important cause thou needst not doubt 

Chor How thou wilt here come off surmounts my reach. 

Sam Be of good courage I beyn to feel 1381 

Some rouzing motions in me which dispose 
To someth nj, extraord narj mj thoughts 
I with this llessen^er will go along 
Nothing to do be sure that mav dishonour 
Our Law or sta n m> \ ok of Ni ante 
If there be aught of presage in the mind 
This daj will be remirkable in mj life 
By some great act or of m> dajs the last 

Chor In time thou hast resolvd the man returns 1390 

Off Samson this second inessat,e from our Lords 
To thee I am bid say Art thou our Slave, 
Our Captive at the public Mill our drudge 
And dar'st thou at our sending and command 
Dispute thy coming? come without delay 
Or we shall find such Engines to assail 
And hamper thee is thou shalt come of force 
Though thou wert firmher fastnd then a rock 

Sam I could be well content to trj thir Art, 
Which to no few ol them would jrove pernicious 1400 
Yet knowing thir advantij,es too n any 
Because the> shall not tial me through th r streets 
Like 1 wild Eeist I iva content to go 
Masters commands come w th a power resistless 
To such as owe them absolute subjection 
And for a life who will not change hs purpose'' 
(So mutable ire all the wajs of men) 
Yet this be sure m nothmg to comply 
Scandalous or forbidden in our Law 

Off I praise thy resolution doff thest links 1410 

By this compliance thou wile win the Lords 
To fevour and perhaps to set thee free 

Sam Brethren firewel >our company ilong 
I will not wish lest it perhaps offend them 
To see me j,irt with Friends and how the s j,ht 
Of me as of a common Enemj 
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Samson ^gonistes. 



So dreaded once, may now exasperate them 

I know not. Lords are Lordliest in thir wine; 

And the well-feasted Priest then soonest fir'd 

With zeal, if aught Religion seem concern'd : 1420 

No less the people on thir Holy- days 

Impetuous, insolent, unquenchable ; 

Happ'n what may, of me expect to hear 

Nothing dishonourable, impure, unworthy 

Our God, out Law, my Nation, or my self. 

The last of me or no I cannot warrant. 

Chor. Go, and the Holy One 
Of Israel be thy guide 

To what may serve his gloiy best, & spread his name 
Great among the Heathen round; 1430 

Send thee the Angel of thy Birth, to stand 
Fast by thy side, who from thy Fathers field 
Rode up in flames after his message told 

. Of thy conception, and be now a shield 
Of fire ; that Spirit that first ruslit on thee 
In the camp of Dan 

■- Be efficacious in thee now at need. 
For never was from Heaven imparted 
Measure of strength so great to mortal seed. 
As in thy wond'rous actions hath been seen. 1440 

But wherefore comes old Mama in such hast 
With youthful steps? much liveher than e're while 
He seems; supposing here to find his Son, 
Or of him bringing to us some glad news ? 

Man. Peace with you brethren ; my inducement hither 
Was not at present here to find my Son, 
By order of the Lords new parted hence 
To come and play before thera at thir Feast. 
I heard ali as I came, the City rings 

And numbers thither flock, I had no will, 1450 

Lest I should see him forc't to things unseemly. 
But that which moved ray coming now, was chiefly 
To give ye part with me what hope I have 
With good success to work his liberty. 

Chor. That hope would much rejoyce us to partake 
With thee; say reverend Sire, we thirst to hear. 

Man. I have attempted one by one the Lords 
Either at home, or through the high street passing, 
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Samson ^gonistes. 

With supplication prone and Fathers tears 

To accept of ransom for my Son thir pris'ner, i 

Some much averse I found and wondrous harsh. 

Contemptuous, proud, set on revenge and spite ; 

That part most reverenc'd Dagon and his Priests, 

Others more moderate seeming, but thir aim 

Private reward, for which both God and State 

They easily would set to sale, a third 

More generous far and civil, who confess'd 

They had anough reveng'd, having reduc't 

Thir foe to misery beneath thir fears, 

The rest was magnanimity to remit, i 

If some convenient ransom were propos'd. 

What noise or shout was that? it tore the Skie. 

Ckor. Doubtless the people shouting to behold 
Thir once great dread, captive, & blind before them, 
Or at some proof of strength before them shown. 

Man. His ransom, if my whole inheritance 
May compass it, shall willingly be paid 
And numberd down: much rather I shall chuse 
To live the poorest in my Tribe, then richest, 
And he in that calamitous prison left. i 

No, I am fixt not to part hence without him. 
For his redemption all my Patrimony, 
If need be, I am ready to forgo 
And quit: not wanting him, I shall want nothing. 

Chor. Fathers are wont to lay up for thir Sons, 
Thou for thy Son art bent to lay out all ; 
Sons wont to nurse thir Parents in old age, 
Thou in old age car'st how to nurse thy Son, 
Made older then thy age through eye-sight lost. 

Man. It shall be my delight to tend his eyes, i 
And view him sitting in the house, enobl'd 
With all those high exploits by him atchiev'd. 
And on his shoulders waving down those locks, 
That of a Nation arm'd the strength contain'd : 
And I perswade me God had not permitted 
His strength again to grow up with his hair 
Garrison'd round about him like a Camp 
Of faithful Souldiery, were not his purpose 
To use him further yet in some great service. 
Not to sit idle with so great a gift i 

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Samson ^gonistes. 

Useless, and thence ridiculous about him. 

And since his strength with eye-sight was riot JosC, 

God will restore him eye-sight to his strength, 

Ckor. Thy hopes are not ill founded nor seem vain 
Of his delivery, and thy joy thereon 
Conceiv'd, agreeable to a Fathers love. 
In both which we, as next participate. 

Man. I know your friendly minds and— O what nois< 
Mercy of Heav'n what hideous noise was that ! 
Horribly loud unlike Che former shout. 15 

Chor. .Noise call you it or universal groan 
As if the /whole inhabitation perish'd, 
Blood, death, and deathful deeds are in that noise, 
Ruin, destruction at the utmost point. 

Man. Of ruih indeed methought I heard the noise. 
Oh it continues, they have slain my Son. 

Chor. Thy Son is rather slaying them, that outcry 
From slaughter of one foe could not ascend. 

Man. Some dismal accident it needs must he; 
What shall we do, stay here or run and see ? ij 

Chor. Best keep together here, lest running thither 
We unawares run into dangers mouth. 
This evil on the Philistines is fall'n. 
From whom could else a general cry be heard? 
The sufferers then will scarce molest us here, 
From other hands we need not much to fear. 
What if his eye-sight (for to Israels God 
Nothing is hard) by miracle restor'd, 
He now be dealing dole among his foes 
And over heaps of slaughter d walk hs way' is, 

Man. That were a joy presumptuous to be thought 

Char. Yet God hath wrought thmgs as mcredible 
For his people of old; what hmders no« ? 

Man. He can I know but doubt to thmk he wil! 
Vet Hope would fain subscribe and tempts Belief 
A little stay will bring some notice hither 

Chor. Of good or bad so great of bad the booner 
For evil . news rides post while good news baits 
And to our wish I see one hither speeding 
An Ebrew., as I guess, and of our Tube 1.. 

Mess. O whither shall I run or which way flie 
The sight of this so horrid spectacle 
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Samsen Agonistes. 

Which earst m > s 1 eheld d } t behold 

For dire iniag H 

But provider! c i 

Or reason tho gh d bd d Id 

To bave guid dm gh I Ic h 

To thee first AM d h 

My Countreyn h m h I k g 

As at some d ta f h pi f h ij; 

So in the sad d 

Man. The d 1 d 1 h b f h 

With rueful c > h h 

No Preface n d h k 

Mess. It w Id b f h 1 I 1 1 

And sense di k 11 h I 

Man. Tell h m 1 d f 

Mess. Gaz d b 1 h f 11 

All in a mom hid d f 11 

Man. Sad I h k / dd 151 

The desolation of a Hostile City. 

Mess. Feed on that first, there may in grief be surfei 

Man. Relate by whom. Mess. By Samson. 
Man. That still lessens 
The sorrow, and converts it nigh to joy. 

Mess. Ah Manoa I refrain, too suddenly 
To utter what will come at last too soon ; 
Lest evil tidings with too rude irruption 
Hitting thy aged ear should pierce too deep. 

Man. Suspense in news is torture, speak them out. 

Mess. Then take the worst in brief, Samson is dead. 15; 

Man. The worst indeed, O all my hope's defeated 
To free him hence ! but death who sets all free 
Hath paid his ransom now and full discharge. 
What windy joy this day had I conceiv'd 
Hopeful of his Delivery, which now proves 
Abortive as the first-born bloom of spring 
Nipt with the lagging rear of winters frost. 
Vet e're I give the rains to grief, say first, 
How dy'd he? death to life is crown or shame. 
A!l by him fell thou say'st, by whom fell he, 151 

What glorious hand gave Samson his deaths wound ? 

Mess. Unwounded of his enemies he fell. 

Man. Wearied with slaughter then or how ? explain. 
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Samson ^gomstes. 



Mess. By his own hands. Man. Self-violence? what cause 
Brought him so soon al variance with himself 
Among his foes? Mess. Inevitable cause 
At once both to destroy and be destroy'd ; 
The Edifice where all were met to see him 
Upon thir heads and on his own he pull'd. 

Man. O lastly over-strong against thy self! 1590 

A dreadful way thou took'st to thy revenge. 
More than anough we know ; but while things yet 
Are in confusion, give us if thou canst. 
Eye-witness of what first or last was done, 
Relation more particular and distinct. 

Mess. Occasions drew me early to this City, 
And as the gates I enter'd with Sun-rise, 
The morning Trumpets Festival proclaim'd 
Through each high street : little I had dispatch't 
When all abroad was rumour'd that this day 1600 

Samson should he brought forth to shew the people 
Proof of his mighty strength in feats and games ; 
I sorrow'd at his captive state, but minded 
Not to be absent at that spectacle. 
The huilding was a spacious Theatre 
Half round on two main Pillars vaulted high. 
With seats where all the Lords and each degree 
Of sort, might sit in order to behold. 
The other side was op'n, where the throng 
On banks and scaffolds under Skie might stand; 1610 

I among these aloof obscurely stood. 
The Feast and noon grew high, and Sacrifice 
Had fiU'd thir hearts with mirth, high chear, & wine, 
When to thir sports they turn'd. Immediately 
Was Samson as a public servant brought. 
In thir state Livery clad; before him Pipes 
And Timbrels, on each side went armed guards. 
Both horse and foot before him and behind 
Archers, and SHngers, Cataphracts and Spears. 
At sight of him the people with a shout 1620 

Rifted the Air clamouring thir god with praise, 
Who had made thir dreadful enemy thir thrall. 
He patient but undaunted where they led him, 
Came to the place, and what was set before him 
Which without help of eye, might be assay'd, 
( 647 ) N n 3 



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Samson ^gonistes. 

To heave pull draw or break he still jKrform'd 

Ml with iiiLredible stupendiotis for e 

None dar ng to appear \ itac;on st 

At length for intermission sake they led h n 

Between the pillars he his guide requested 

(For so ftotn such as nearer stood we heard) 

As over tir d to let him lean a while 

With hoth his arms on thobe two massie Pilars 

That to the arched roof gave mam support 

He unsuspitious led him which when Samson 

Felt 111 hib arms w th head a while cncim d 

4nd ejes last fi\t he stood as one who pra\ d, 

Or some great n atter m his mmd revolv d 

At hst Hith head erect thus crjed aloud 

Hitherto Lords what )our i.ommaids mposd 

I have perforn d, as reason was obejin^ 

Not without wonder or dd i,bt beheld 

Now of mj own act,ord such other tryal 

I mean to shew jou of my strength jet greater; 

As w th amaze shall strike all who behold 

This utter'd straining all his nerves he bow d, 

'^'i with the force of winds and waters pent 

^\hen Mountains tremble those two niassie Pillars 

Uitb horrible convulsion to and fro 

He tuggd he shook till down they came and drew 

Ihe whole roof after them w th burst of thunder 

X. pon the heads of all who sate beneath 

I ords Ladies Capta ns Councellors or Priests, 

Thir choce nobility and flower not onlj 

Of this but each Phdtshan Citj round 

Met from all parts to solemnize this Feast 

Simson With these imm xt, inevitably 

Pulld down the same destruction on himself; 

The vulgar only scap'd who stood without. 

Chor. O dearly-bought revenge, yet glorious \ 
Living or dying thou hast fulfill'd 
The work for which thou wast foretold 
To Israel, and now ly'st victorious 
Among thy slain self-kill'd 
Not willingly, but tangl'd in the fold 
Of dire necessity, whose law in death conjoin'd 
Thee with thy slaughter'd foes in number more 



Hosted by.GoOt^lc 



Samson Agonistes. 

Then all thy life had slain before. 

Semukor. While thir hearts were jocund and sublin 
Drunk with Idolatry, drunk with Wine, 
And fat regorg'd of Bulls and Goats, 
Chaunting thir Idol, and preferring 
Before our living Dread who dwells 
In Sib his bright Sanctuary: 
Among them he a spirit of phrenzie sent. 
Who hurt thir minds, 
And urg'd them on with mad desire 
To call in hast for thir destroyer ; 
They only set on sport and play 
Unweetingly importun'd i 

Thir own destruction to come speedy upon them. 
So fond are mortal men 
Fatl'n into wrath divine, 
As thir own ruin on themselves to invite, 
Insensate left, or to sense reprobate. 
And with blindness internal struck. 

Semiehor. But he though blind of sight, 
Despis'd and thought extinguish't quite. 
With inward eyes illuminated 
His fierie vertue rouz'd 
From under ashes into sudden flame. 
And as an ev'ning Dragon came, 
Assailant on the perched roosts. 
And nests in order rang'd 
Of tame villatic Fowl ; but as an Eagle 
His cloudless thunder bolted on thir heads. 

- So vertue giVn for lost, 

' Deprest, and overthrown, as seeni'd, 
•-Like that self-begott'n bird 
^ In the Arabian woods embost, 

- That no second knows nor third, 
, And lay e're while a Holocaust, 

From out her ashie womb now teem'd 
, Revives, reflourishes, then vigorous most 
When most unactive deem'd, 
And though her body die, her fame survives, 
A secular bird ages of lives. 

Man. Come, come, no time for lamentation now, 
Nor much more cause, Samson bath quit himself 

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Samson 



Like Samson, and heroicly hath finish'd 

A life Heroic, on his Enemies 

Fully reveng'd, hath left them years of mourning, 

And lamentation to the Sons of Caphtor 

Through all PMlislian bounds. To Israel 

Honour hath left, and freedom, let but them 

Find courage to lay hold on this occasion. 

To himself and Fathers house eternal fame; 

And which is best and happiest yet, all this 

With God not parted from biro, as was feard, 

But favouring and assisting to the end. 

Nothing is here for tears, nothing to wail 

Or knock the breast, no weakness, no contempt, 

Dispraise, or blame, nothing but welt and fair, 

And what may quiet us in a death so noble. 

Let us go find the body where it lies 

Sok't in his enemies blood, and from the stream 

With lavers pure and cleansing herbs wash off 

The clotted gore. I with what speed the while 

(Gaza is not in plight to say us nay) 

Will send for all my kindred, all my friends 

To fetch him hence and solemnly attend 

With silent obsequie and funeral train 

Home to bis Fathers house: there will I build bim 

A Monument, and plant it round with shade 

Of Laurel ever green, and branching Palm, 

With all his Trophies hung, and Acts enroll'd 

In copious Legend, or sweet Lyric Song. 

Thither shall all the valiant youth resort. 

And from his memory inflame thir breasts 

To matchless valour, and adventures high: 

The Virgins also shall on feastful days 

Visit his Tomb with flowers, only bewailing 

His lot unfortunate in nuptial choice, 

From whence captivity and loss of eyes. 

Char. All is best, though we oft doubt, 
What th' unsearchable dispose 
Of highest wisdom brings about, 
And ever best found in the close. 
Oft he seems to hide his face. 
But unexpectedly returns 
And to his faithful Champion hath in place 



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Samson Agonistes. 

Bore witness gloriously ; whence Gaza mourns 
And all that band them to resist 
His uncontroulable intent. 
His servants he with new acquist 
Of true experience from this great event 
With peace and consolation hath dismist, 
-And calm of mind all passion spent. 



The End, 



(Sfl) 



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HoEleSbyGoOt^le 



APPENDIX. 



Specimen of Milton's spelling, from the 
Cambridge autograph manuscript. 

On Time 

set on a clock case 

Fly envious Time lili thou run out tliy race 
call on the laiie leaden-stepping howres 
whose speed is but the heavie plummets pace 
& glut thv selfe w* what thy womb devoures 
vi'-^ IS no more then what is false & vaine 
& meerly mortall drosse 
so httie IS our losse 
so little IS thy gaine 

for when as each thing bad thou hast entomb'd . 
& last of all thy greedie selfe consum'd 
then long .Eternity shall greet our blisse 
n'l' an individuall kisse 
and loy shall overtake us as a flood 
when every thing y' is sincerely good 
&. pfectly divine 

\nth Truth, & Peace, & Love 1 all e h ne 
about the supreme throne 
of him t' whose happy-maldi gl 1 n 
when once our heav'niy-guid d o 1 h 11 i ne 
then all this earthie grossnesse qu 
attir'd w* starres wee shall fo 
Triumphing over Death, & Chance, & hee O T n e. 
(653) 



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z^ppendix. 

Note of a few readings in the same manuscript. 

At a Solemn Musick. 

line 6. content. Manuscript reads concent as does the Second 
Edition ; so (hat content is probably a misprint. 



line 22. hunderd. Milton's own spelling here is hundred. But in 
the Errata to Paradise Lost (i. 760) he corrects hundred to hunderd. 

LvciDAS. 

line 64. uncessant. Manuscript reads incessant, so that uncessanl 
is probably 3 misprint ; though that spelling is retained in the Second 
Edition. 

line 83. perfet. So in A Maske, line 203. In both these places 
the manuscript has perfect, as elsewhere where the word occurs. In 
the Solemn Music, Une 23, where the First Edition reads perfect, ihe 
second reads perfet. 

A Mask, 

lines 168, 169. Manuscript reads— 

but heere she comes I fairly step aside 
&• hearken, if I may, her buisnesse heere. 

line 474. ssnsualty. Manuscript also reads sensualtte.,ai the metre 
requires. 

une 493. father. Manuscript reads father's. 

line 553. drowsie frighted. Manuscript reads drowsie flighted. 

line 743. In the manuscript, which reads — 

If you let slip tim-e like an neglected rose 
a circle has been drawn round the an, but probably not by Milton. 



(') 



Paradise Zoj-/,viL4;r. Bentley's emendation ofjija/ for _;&M'/ should 
have been noted at the foot of the page. See Genesis i. 30 A. V. 
margin. 

(5S4) 



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