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THE 



POETICAL WORKS 



OF 



ROBERT SOUTHEY 



WITH A MEMOIR 



TEN VOLUMES IN FIVE 
VOL. V. 




BOSTON 
HOUGHTON, OSGOOD AND COMPANY 

1880 



LIBRARY 

OF TNE. 

UEUmd STAKFORD JUKIOS 

UMIVER8ITY. 



rf^ 




CONTENTS OF V0LX7ME V. 

COMPRISIKQ VOLS. tX. AND X. 



BoDERirK, TlIK I.AH 

DfdicUinii to Gn 



Prefao 



Orii,'iii»l Prcfaca . 
Rulerirk mid Knmano . 
Kndfrifk in Sulilude . 
A<lwinda .... 
The SIoiiMlerj- of Si. Felix 



toilrri 



ind 8iv«r 



Counl Eudnn . 
Tlio Kmiie . 
R.)dtf)ck at On 



Hi* At, 



The M(Kiri.Ji Camp 

Th(! Foiinlnin in llii Vantt 30T 

TbeMoDri-l. CourKil ,321 

The Vale of rmndmiKS 333 

Roderick and Count .luliaii SIS 

Rodoriikiii lliilile 253 

Noteii to Roderk-k, ihi- ijifl of tl>e Gutha , 878 



IV 



CONTENTS. 



VOL. X. 



The Poet*s Pilgrim age to Watebloo 

Dedication to John May 
Argument .... 

Proem 

Part I. — The Journey 

Flnnders .... 

Brussels 

The Field of BatUe . 

The Scene of War 
Partll. — The Vision . 

The Tower . 

The Evil Prophet . 

The Sacred Mountain . 

The Hopes of Man .... 
Notes to the Poet's Pilgrimage to Waterloo 

CaraJen Nui*tiale. — The Lay op the Lauheate 

Dedication to Her Royal Highiiess the Princes.^ Char- 
lotto 

Proem 

The Dream .... 

Epilogue 

L'Envov 

Notes to the Lav of the Lnureato 



1 

2 
3 
4 

11 
11 
23 
28 
43 
66 
56 
68 
76 
89 
107 

129 

130 
131 
136 
IGl 
164 
105 



FOVBRAL SONO FOR THE PlUNCESS ChAKLOTTE OP 

Walks . IbP 

A Vision of Judgment 177 

Dedication to the King 179 

...... 1^1 

189 

. 201 
205 

*•.«•• ZOo 

212 



Preface 

(Original Preface 

The Trance 

The Vault 

The Awakening . 

The Gate of Heaven 



CONTENTS. V 

Tlie Accasera 216 

The Absolvera 222 

Tho Beatification 226 

The Sovereigns 289 

The KMer Worthies 282 

The Worthies of tlie Georgian Age . 286 

Tlie Young Spirits 288 

The Meeting 248 

Notes to the Vision of Judgment .... 246 

Specimens of Sir Philip Sidney's Hexameters . 266 

OuvER Newman, a Nkw-Enolamd Talk . . . 268 

Dedication to William and Mary Wordsworth . 264 

Preface 267 

Funeral at Sea 271 

The Voyage 276 

Cape Cod 2S6 

The Captives Bansomed 296 

The Portrait 804 

Future Prospects 811 

Tnc Indian War 828 

Parting Words 387 

Journey through the Forest 842 

Appendix to Oliver Newman 861 

Miscellaneous Poetical Rem aims .... 868 

Fnigmentary Thought?*, occasioned by the Death of 

the Author's Son 868 

Short Passages of Scripture, rhythmically aminged 

or pai-nphrascd 869 

M16CELLAMKOU8 Poetical Remains (continued). 

** Utile Book in Green and Gold " . . . . 3titt 

Lines written in the Album of Rotha Q. . . 371 

Imagination and Reality 372 

Madrigal, translated from Luis Martin . . . 378 

Mohammed; a Fragment, written in 1788 . . . 374 

Additional Fnigment 881 



RODERICK, 



THE LAST OF THE GOTHS. 



A TRAGIC POEM. 



Tuito aerlor apad m^rw, licat TirtocibaB giona, ita flaglttk 
poenitentU, ftilt. Sed luM adaqaef ex tMart memorial petlta, qaotlMii 
IM loeiuqae ex«inpla recti, aat aolatU mail, po«cet, hand abnudi 
■wmorabimafl. — Taoiti Hiai. Ub. iti. o. 61. 



▼OU. IX. 



to 
OROSVENOR CHARLES BEDFORD. 

thu posm n wbobiikin 

UkaniCO MBMOKIAL OP A LOMO ASD UNIMTBRRUFntD 

PRIKXDSIIIP, 

BT ■!■ OLD ■OHOOLPXLLOW, 



■ORI&T SOUTHBT. 



As the ample moon, 
m the deep f tUlnesa of a summer eren 
Rising behind a thick and loftj grore, 
Bama like an nnoonfoming fire of li|^t 
In the green trees, and, kindling on all aidei 
Their leaiy umbrage, turns the dusky reil 
Into a substance i^orious as her own, — 
Tea, with her own incorporated, by power 
Oapadoufl and serme ; — like power abides 
In man's oelesUal spirit; Virtue thus 
Sets forth and magnifies herself ; thuslbeds 
A calm, a beaatifiil, and silent fire 
From the encumbrances of mortal lUb, 
From error, disappointment, — nay, flrom guilt; 
And sometimes, so relenting Justice wills. 
From palpable oppressions of Despair. 

WOBMWOBTB 



PREFACE 



TO 



RODERICK, THE LAST OF THE GOTHS. 



This poem was commenced at Keswick, Dec 2, 1809, and 
finished there^ July 14, 1814. 

A French translation, by M. B. de S., in three Tolumes 
daodecimo, was published in 1820 ; and another by M. le 
Cheralier * * *, in one yolame octavo, 1821. Both are in 
prose* 

When the latest of these versions was nearly ready for pub* 
lication, the publisher, who was also the printer, insisted npon 
having a life of the author prefixed. The French public, he 
said, knew nothing of M. Southey ; and, in order to make the 
book sell, it must be managed to interest them for the writer. 
The Chevalier represented, as a conclusive reason for not at- 
tempting any thing of the kind, that he was not acquainted 
with M. Southey *s private history. ** Would you believe it?*' 
says a friend of the translator's, from whose letter I transcribe 
what follows ; " this was his answer, verbatim : * MMmporte, 
drives toujours ; brodez, brodez-la un pen ; que ce soit vrai ou 
noii,ce ne fait rien ; qui prendra la peine de s'informer? * " Ac- 
cordingly, a " Notice sur M. Southey " was composed, not 
exactly in conformity with the publisher's notions of biography, 
bot from such materials as could be collected from magazines 
and other equally unauthentic sources. 

In one of these versions a notable mistake occurs, occasioned 
by the French pronunciation of an English word. The whole 
passage indeed, "in both versions, may be regarded as curiously 
ezemplifying the difiisrence between French and Englisb 
poetiy. 



^253 


^^H ^^^^H 


^^H "Th>huii|«>Daup>niu>»cn>r*lc, ^^^^1 


^^H jtnJ thcough ll» nuitiini vlDdo* iluiUni bU ^^^^1 


^^H T)wr»«iU<niyDriuarD. WlUiln Uiw nilii ^^^^| 


^^H KiliiruliiiduynXundiiDclwfruIwiiDiti ^^^^H 


^^B OrM°»o>°tl»»gri>nk<.iilD«llAi ^^^H 


^^H ila(lnth>iti»nii>f UgblUxiiwklidDialH. ^^^^H 


^^H AiirluiuliDlcryoIliuoctpLir, ^^^^H 


^^H FJwWd Hltb luu; uDiMumt. Slaplug Odwb ^^^^I 


^B »».th.^u.p.«dcb.pm>r«lb-». ^^^H 


^^H And naUd on Uie darul uodud ■ gnn ^^^^H 


^^H Ai IT H «it«»A lb™, ■ U(bt hum mna, ^^^^H 


^^H 'Sotall!' erlMFa«iTO.-<ST«i»:' ^^^^H 




^^H Wtno UiDugtat, •ipclling Iboa(lit, luJ Itft hi* mlDd ^^^^H 


^^M 0|Hii> ud pudn la tta. loaa»> ^^^H 


^^^H 0( oamnl HDiD, hu luuilEifs inia IM»,— ^^^^^H 




^^1 Thiun>iv'lviM4»VF»J''""'l'«a ^^^H 




^^^H Of lining paoltf DCa, nor u> bLiier pnjron ^^^^^H 


^^H lklM>t1urni»)r-*iMt,lHt«r<llUMlil! ^^^^H 


^^^V Aua ttiou, ps« luul, vlw, Cnm Uw iIoIuidiu Ihibh ^^^^^H 


^H Uf«>pli.g<a<dofi.^,d«M<»ku>m. ^^^H 


^^V Ta<UorKu>iidufiug<>Ui;piiul«rui, ^^^^H 


^^H pBraaa nu U»t Uiwi houn la oUior lliou(Uu ^^^^^H 




^^^ Eujulu, ihwildllKuluitptMcd' Oai itiothnUad ^^^^| 


^^P Ki«U>I<>fm}b«rt[b«wrlD«; ^^^^H 


^H And uu&x ■ rlgU mnit th; kb patana ^^^^H 


^H IU'».'uninhlDwa>li«dDx<»i>k.lntMii>«» ^^^H 




^^^L Tb< •unr liut, and c«d]> Cur Ibi work ^^^^^H 


^^K Of iU>,b«AnU»iiiabecbulii<«iiUH.'"* ^^^^H 


^^M IB liviull h loulos «« r^flcxitms qoand ta ltutdk^^^| 






^H toiira*a.T8ni-orient. U nloai <ia jour ne rjaetm i^al Cjua 


^^H DBS mtin dei tone joveux ni lis inouvemeni de lu Tis qui m) 


^H rtTtillOi Iw «Mi1* pupillani do nalt, agiuini Icun iiileb peiantM, 






^^H * Sn pp, la-L 



PBEFACE TO RODERICK. 7 

^rint 8*arrAter but la torabe de la femme p^cheresse, et jl lami^re 
dn ciel sembia y p^n^trer. * Qae ce presage 8*acoomplis8e,' 
s*^ria Pelage, qui ab8orb<S dans ses meditations, fixait en ee 
moment ses yeux sur le tombeau de sa m^re; * Diea de mis^ 
ricorde, quMl en soit ainsi ! Puisse ta bont6 vivifiante y vereer 
de mime le pardon ! Que les sanglots de la penitence expirante, 
et que mes privies am^res ne montent point en vain devant le 
tsndne ^temel. Et toi, pauvre &me, qni de ton s^jour douloureox 
de sooflrances et de larmes, esp^res en moi poor abr^ger et 
fldoucir ton sapplice temporaire, pardonne moi d*avoir, sous 
ces habits et dans cette nnit, d^toum^ mes pens^es snr d*autres 
devoirs. Notre patrie commune a exig^ de moi ce sacrifice, et 
ton fils doit dor^navant accomplir plus d'une veille dans la pro- 
fondeur des fordts, sur la cime des monts, dans les plidnes cou- 
vertes de tentes, observant, pour Tamour de TEspagne, la marcbe 
des astres de la nuit, et pr^parant Touvrage de sa joum^ avant 
que le soleil ne commence sa course.* *' — T. i. pp. 17&-7. 

In the other translation, the moUa are not converted into 
moths; but the image is omitted. 

** Consum^es dans des soins pareils, les rapides heures s'^ooa- 
loient, les lampes et les torches commen9oient k pftlir, et 
I'oblique rayon du matin doroit d^jk les vitraux ^lev^ qui 
regardoient vers 1* Orient: le retour du jour ne ramenoit point, 
dans cette sombre enceinte, les sons joyeux, ni le tableau mou- 
vant de la vie qui se reveille; mais, tombant d*en haut, le 
celeste rayon, passant au-dessus de Tautel, vint frapper le tom- 
beau de la femme p^cheresse. * Ainsi soit-il,* s*^ria Pelage ; 
* ainsi soit-il, 6 divin Cr^ateur! Puisse ta vivifiante bonte 
verser ainsi le panion en ce lieu! Que les g^missemens d'une 
mort p^nitente, que mes amdres pridres ne soient pas arrives 
en vain devant la tr6ne de mis^ricordel Et toi, qui, de ton 
s^oor de souffrances et de larmes, regardes vers ton fils, poor 
abr^ger et soulnger tes peines, pardonne, si d'autres devoirs ont 
rempli les heures que cette nuit et cet habit ra*enJoignoient de 
teconsacrer! Notre patrie exigeoit ce sacrifice; d'autresvi- 
giles m*attendent dans les bois ct les d^fil^ de nos montagnes; 
ft bientfit sous la tente, il me faudra veiller, le soir, avant que 
le del ne so couvre d'^toiles, dtre prdt pour le travail du jour, 
%Tant que le soleil ne commence sa course.' " — pp. 92, 98. 



H SOCTHKJfS POKMS. 

A Tnv good cnuubtion, in Daioh *cne, wm pnblUlud ta 
twovolainsii ectato, 1813-4, witti thU IHla: " Rodrigo de tiolb, 
KoDingvuii 8|iiuije- tlniu'bat Eugeltub vui Soulliey B«Tolgd| 
d«or VroHwii KaHinrlna Wilholmiua BIMeniyk. T« 't Qnm 
httgt." 11 wu Hill lo ino with Uie roUowiiig epIiUe i 
hiubiinil, Mr. Willem BlKlanlyk: — 

" Bobeno SonlbBf , »ira sppctnlitsimo, 
Qulieloiiu fiUdcrduk, S. F. D. 
" Eu< M nnnc temporia ptiulni invalueril opinio, 
^DU9<lunuiBiiixiniflgli)rla<iapi(liUIelbigran),inlbi b 
tmrio uiop«r inxdit ptrtnufo, qnl dirini* robseaa ol' 
rcnunqna Inudein ooii niii ob iii oagniac) puMil qnonm ftp 
oatnis ■ mslluri Into Suzarit prseonlin Tilui, neque aul lari 
knt joBtt juillcori vslMo niai ^b ilsqul aodem nfButu moveiiDtnr. 
SsMgesI ID U9 ADiein jun nginirBiinkuexquo ctipiB meos iota 
wi^uiilm iHiDte HJutor, enmqai locum quern iiieuiil* mIoIm- 
nnttn oocapora eonti([ll, in hnoc luqna iliem lenulaae rldeor, 
popnlnrii narte uuiiqunm onpMtar, qaiii immo pgrpetutw «ott- 
tenpun-; pHroo* Ipsa ItuiUlor, cBnaor grails at nouDuuijiuun 
tooletllu. 'i'uum yen nomen, Vir celKlMn-iiue ui tfueUi- 
UhIibf, jiim mitei veneraCn*, perlecto tuo cin BoJm^oo ng« 
poSronlc, niHi potul nan lumniia cxLoUero Inadibni, quo doctb- 
limo limul ue voiiusliuiiao op«re, si minus divituin Atmiila, 
Sftltam inmicirtjdem TassDuis Epopeuim Ualam, quin ct narto 
respcetu Ua «ap«n»e vidarit, Dt miuomm pcrpniiow, wqiwlinai 
DMKincm, cum vcrn fide m pictata in Dcum, tain iugtiila om- 
tiiqu* pniltlcii dol« Ubi compiininduin oxiiti'mem. Ne mltatis 
lUqnc, enrminls tul gntTilate ko daloAdinB ciiplain, niooqiia 
judioio AillHin, Doii illiitidaMin in UMtntibiit Himm Esan 
lllttd nobllB poSnw rmmtnea niiuiD ted nan tniuKo labon M- 
tnoU»e, B«]giaoqile gennoni t«ddiiliuc. Hmu: ctrW, pwr 
qnAdmntom leenU «t qaod iiourrit MitfM'wo oonnubio nlU 
junoEam, neumqaB in diTlnaBTU ninmiiiiDi Ew Molnni, nlmlnm 
in eo Bibi sumpsisaa nmn') fncila nrbluabiliir cui ml mlnilDliIII 
Foeseo* nostric ten»nDi umirpare funtigtrit; neo ago bn> ^Q* 
oonatiu qDOi lllnitri tuo nomlni dicandos piitnTit. tibl nwa 
Ruuiii offeira dubiubam. line Iijuiud utrlueqna RMiraiP laM 
ObscrTMiliM spBciiuiim &cdpc, Vir illmtriuinio, au >i if/tat 



PREFACE TO RODERICK. 9 

oomnmninm stadiomm, ti qnod Yerm pietatis est Yincahim, 
DOS tibi ex animo habe addicdMimoe. Vale. 

^ Dabaxn Lugduni in Batavia. Ipais idib. 
Febmar. CCCXXIV." 

I went to Levden, in 1825, for the porpose of seeing the writer 
of this epistle, and the lady who had translated my poem, and 
addressed it to me in some very affecting stanzas. It so hap- 
pened, that, on my arriyal in that city, I was laid up under a 
sargeon*s care : they took me into their house, and made the 
days of my confinement as pleasurable as they were memo- 
rable. I have never been acquainted with a man of higher 
intellectual power, nor of greater learning, nor of more various 
and extensive knowledge, Uian Bilderdijk, confessedly th« 
most distinguislied man of letters in his own country. His 
wife was worthy of him. I paid them another visit the fol- 
lowing year. They are now both gone to their rest, and 1 
shall not look upon their like again. 

Soon after the publication of ^ Roderick,*' I received the 
following curious letter from the Ettrick Shepherd (who had 
passed a few days with me in the preceding autumn), giving 
me an account of his endeavors to procure a favorable notice 
of tUe poem in the " Edinburgh Review : " — 

" Edinburgh, Dec 16, 1814. 

^ lly dear Sir, — I was very happy at seeing the postmark 
of Keswick, and quite proud of the pleasure you make me 
believe my * Wake * has given to the beauteous and happy 
group at Greta Hall. Indeed, few things could give me more 
pleasure ; for I left my heart a sojourner among them. I have 
had a higher opinion of matrimony since that period than ever 
I had before; and I dcMre that you will positively give my 
kindest respects to each of them individually. 

** The * Pilgrim of the Sun * is published, as you will see by 
the papers; and, if I may believe some communications that I 
have got, the public opinion of it is high: but these commu- 
nications to an author are not to be depended on. 

" I have read * Roderick ' over and over again, and am the 
more and more convinced that it is the noblest epic poem of 
the age I have had some correspondence and a good deal 



10 



SOCTHEY'a I 



of omtranatlim irlch Mr. Jettnj Kboat it, Ihoagli bs diMi not 
■frea wilb me in every pnnloulw. Be bbts il is loo long, uid 
irtuiU tlaMdcily, and will not, ha Tesn, be generBlIj rend, thougb 
■nnch m&j bs nid in ita fiTor- I hud even leased him to let 
me rerien it for him, on ncc^innt, u 1 aiud, ifant lie could not 
ippreclKte Ita mertti. I copy one aentenM out or Ibe letiar ha 

" ' For Sontbej, I luive, aa veil aa 700. great reipeot, riiiI, 
wbon he will let too. grant adminilloD; bat he la a moat pt^ 
Taking TeUow, uid at leut u coaceiled aa hit neighbor Woida- 
wortb. 1 csnnat jast tnut ;dd with Ma " Rodericki " but I 
ahull be exlTemely linppy to UUk over that and other kindred 
inbjocti with von: fori un eTerjr waj ditpoted to give Soalhejr 
■ UvUh allowance ot praite; tmd feir tbingi woold give ua 
grealer plesiorD than to Und he had afforded me a fair oppoi^ 
tnalty. Bat 1 moat do my dnty according lo my own appt*- 

"1 nipped with him lul night; but there verv^ >a muif 
people, tliat I got hot little cODvoiMtion with himj hat what 
we had wua aolaly abont you and Wordawortli. 1 suppuae you 
have heard wliat a crashing review bo has given the hittor. I 
aini fonnd him peni«tiDg in bit Grat aaMveration, that it mu 
henvy; but wbal was uiy pleasnre to find thai he had only got 
to the seventeenth division I I assured him he had the marrow 
of the thing to come at as yet; and in that I was joined by 

Mr. Alison. Theie was at Che same time a Lady U jotiied 

OS at the Instant. Short as her remark was. It seemed to mak« 
more Impreuion on Jeffrey tliui atl our argumeuU: • Oh, I do 
love Soatlieyl * that was all. 

" I have no room Ic tell yon more. Bnt I beg thai yon wIH 
Dot do any thing nor publish any tblng that will oettle Jalft«/, 
hr tbe present) knowing, at yon do, bow omnipotent be la 
with the faahioiiabla world, and saemlngly so well illapaied 
toward you. 

" I am «»«r yonra most tmly, 

"Javes Hcmm. 



PREFACE TO RODERICK. 11 

The reaaer will be as much amused as I was with poor 
Hogg's earnest desire that I would not say any thing which 
might tend to frustrate his friendly intentions. 

** Bat what success the Shepherd met, 
Is to the world a secret yet." 

There can be no reason, however, for withholding what 
was said in my reply of the crushing review which had been 
giren to Mr. Wordsworth's poem : " Ih crush the * Excursion ! ' 
Tell him he might as easily crush Skiddaw ! " 

Keswick, June 15, 1838. 



ORIGINAL PREFACE. 

history of the Wisi-Goths for some years before their over- 
throw is very imperfectly known. It is, however, apparent 
that the enmity between the royal families of Chindnsuintho 
and Wamba was one main cause of the destruction of the 
kingdom, the latter party having assisted in betraying their 
country to the Moors for the gratilication of their own revenge. 
Theodofred and Favila were younger sons of King Chindn- 
suintho. King Witiza, who was of Wamba's family, put out 
the eyes of Theodofred, and murdered Favila at the instigiu 
tion of that chieftain's wife, with whom he lived in adultery. 
Pelayo, the son of Favila, and afterwards the founder of the 
Spanish monarchy, was driven into exile. RiHierick, the son 
of Theodofre<!, recovered the throne, and put out Witiza's eyes 
in vengeance for his father; but he spared Orpas, the brother 
of the tyrant, as being a priest, and Kbba and Sisil>ert, the 
two sons of Witiza by Pclayo's mother. It may be convenient 
thus briefly to premise these circumstances of an obscure 
portion of histor}', with which few readers can be suppose<l to 
be familiar; and a list of the principal persons who are intro- 
dnced or spoken of may as properly be prefixed to a poem as 
to a play. 



12 soutiiet's poems. 

WinzA King of the Wisi-Goths, dethroned and 

blinde<l by Roderick. 
TiiEODOFKED. . . . Soii of King Chmdusuiutho, blinded by 

King Witizu. 

Favila his Brother, put to death by Witiza. 

The Wife of Favila, Witiza's adulterous Mistress. 

These four persons are dead before the action of the poem eom- 
mences. 



KoDERiCK the last King of the Wisi-Goths, Son of 

Theodofred. 
Pklayo the Founder of the Spanish Monarchy 

Son of Favila. 

Gaudiosa his Wife. 

GuibLA his Sister. 

Favil^v his Son. 

HKnMESiNi> his Daughter. 

RubiLLA Widow of Thefxlofred, and Mother ai 

Roderick. 

Count PEDEO ...) ^iT J e r^ 1.U* 

,, „ > powerful Lords of Cantabria. 

Count EuDox ... V 

Alpiioxso Count Pedro's Son, afterwards King. 

UniiAN 'Archbishop of Toletlo. 

Romano a Monk of the Caulian Schools, ncsi 

Merida. 

Aui>Ai.AZiz the Moorish Governor of Spain. 

KuiLctNA formerly the Wife of Roderick, now of 

Abdiilaziz. 

Abulcacem • • • 1 

Alcaiiman .... 

Ayuh \ Moorish Chiefs. 

ImCAIIIM 

Ma<;l'ki> 

Okpas Brother to Witiza, and formerly Arch- 
bishop of Seville, now a Renegade. 

,, * > Sons of Witiza and of Pelavo's Mother. 

h»»A ) 

NuMACiAN a Renegnde, Governor of Gcgio. 



PREFACE TO RODEKICK. 



13 



Count Julian ... a powerful Lord nmoDg the Wisi-Goths, 

now a Renegade. 
Florinda his Daughter, violated by King Roderick. 

Adosinda Daugiitcr of the Governor of Auria. 

Odoar Abbot of St. Felix. 

SiTERiAN Roderick's Foster- Father. 

Fa V IMA Count Pedro's Wife. 



The four latter persons are imaginary. All the others are men- 
tioned in history. I ought, howerer, to observe, that Romano is a 
creatare of monkish legends ; that the name of Pclayo's sister has not 
been preserved ; and that that of Roderick's mother, Ruscilo, has been 
altered to Rosilla, for the sake of ««u phony. 



KODERICK, 

THE LAST OF THE GOTHS- 



I. 
RODERICK AND ROMANO. 

Long had the crimes of Spain cried out to Heaven 
At lengtli the measure of offence was full. 
Count Julian called the invaders ; not because 
Inhuman priests with unoffending blood 
Had stained their country ; not because a yoke 
Of iron servitude oppressed and galled 
The children of the soil : a private wrong 
Roused the remorseless Baron. Mad to wreak 
His vengeance, for his violated child, 
On Roderick's head, in evil hour for Spain, 
For that unhappy daughter, and himself, — 
Desperate apostate! — on the Moors he called; 
And like a cloud of locusts, whom the South 
Waf^s from the plains of wasted Africa, 
The Mussulmen upon Iberia's shore 
Descend. A countless multitude they came ; 



Ifi SCjUTOEt's P0EJ1^. 

Syrian, Moor, Saracen, Greek rencgjulc, 
Persian nnd Cojit anil Tulftr, in one bonil 
Of trring fuith conjtimed, — strung in Ilie j'uuti 
And Ikcat of zeal, — a dreailful la'othi^rtiDod, 
]n whom all turliulcnl vices wm Id looitt ; 
While Conscience, Willi their impinud crueil a 
Drunk as wiih wine, hnil sank'tili<.ii to them 
All bloody, nil ubominnlili! things. 



Thou, Calii^, ^aVsC their coming ; ancient I 
Beiiowneil, no longer now i^liali thou b« called 1 
From Gods and Heroes of the years of yoi'e, T 
Kronos or huudreil-handed Briareus, 
Bacchus or Hercules ; but doomed to bear 
The name of thy new conqueror, and thencefa 
To stand hia evuriasiing nionumcnU 
hou saw's! the dark-blue wattr* ili»h htfore | 
ominona wnjf, and whitr-n ronnd llirir k 
Their swarthy my rinds darkening oVr tbj ai 
There, on ihe liirBch, thr JIi*helievers sprewl 4 
'I'hcii' banneni, flaunting to iIh.' nan antl brees 
Fair »lianc the sim upon ihcir proud nrrny, - 
Wliirc turban-^, glittering armour, shivlds engi 
With gold, and cimctrrs of Synnn steel; 
And gently did the brcexc^, ta in sport, 
Curl their lung llttgs outrolling, and display 
The bloKoupd scrolls of blasphemy^ Too si 
The gules of Spain from that unhappy land 
Wnftrd, as from an open ebnTni-l-hon-i-, 
Tbo tiunt of death ; and lliut briglit sun, from fl 



e 



RODERICK. THE LAST OF THE GOTHS. 17 

Of ilaughier. wiih the morning dew tlrew up 
Corruption through the infected atmosphere. 

Then fell the kingdom of the Goths : their hour 
Was come, and Vengeance, long withheld, went 

loose. 
Famine and Pestilence had wasted them ; 
And Treason, like an old luid eating sore, 
Consumed the bones and sinews of their strength ; 
And, worst of enemies* their Sins were armed 
Against them. Yet the sceptre from their hands 
Passed not awav injrlorious, nor was shame 
Letlt for their children's la-itinj; herilajje : 
£ight summer days, from morn till latest eve, 
The fatal light en<lured, till, perfidy 
Prevailing to their overthrow, they sunk 
Defeated, not dishonored. { On the lumks 
Of Chrysu-J, Roderick's royal car was t'uund, 
His battle-lior-ie Orelio, and that helm 
Whose horns, amid the thickest of the fray 
Eminent, had marked his presence. Did the stream 
Receive him with the undistinguished dead. 
Christian and Moor, who clogged its course that day r 
So thought the Con(pieror ; and from that day I'ortli, 
Memorial of his perfect victory, 
He bade the river bear the name ol' Jc»v. 
So thought the Goths: they said no prayer for him. 
For him no service sung, nor mourning made. 
But charged their crimes upon his head, and cursed 
II is memory. \ 

VOL. iv. ' f! 



• 



18 southby's roEMs. 

Bravely in that eight-days' fight 
The King had striven, — for victory fir.<t, while hope 
Remained, then despcmtcly in search of death. 
The arrows parsed him by to right and left ; 
The spear-point pierced him not ; the cimeter 
Glanced from his helmet. " Is the shield of Heaveu, 
Wretch that I am, extended over me ? " 
Cried Roderick ; and he dropped Orelio*s reins, 
And threw his hands aloft in frantic prayer: 
'* DejUh is the only mercy that I crave. 
Death soon and short, deat^h and forgctfulness ! ** 
Aloud he cried ; but in his inmost heart 
There answered him a secret voice, that spake 
Of righteousness and judgment after death. 
And God's redeeming love, which fain would save 
The guilty soul alive. *Twas agony, 
And yet 'twas ho]^)e ; a momentary light, 
That fia-^hed through utter darkness on the Cross 
To point salvation, then left all within 
Dark jis before. Fear, never felt till then, 
Sudden and irresistible as stroke 
Of li*]chtnin<r, smote him. From his horse l>e 

dropped, — 
Whether with human impulse, or by Heaven 
Struck down, he knew not, — loosened from hu 

wrist 
The sword-chain, and let fall the sword, whose hilt 
Clung to his palm a moment ere it fell, 
Glued there with Moorish gore. His royal robe, 
His horned helmet and enamelled mail, 



RODKRICK, THE LAST OF THE GOTHS. 19 

He cast aside, and, taking from the dead 

A peasant's garment, in those weeds involved, 

Stole like a thief in darkness from the field. 

Evening closed round to favor him. All night 
He fled, the sound of battle in his ear 
Ringing, and sights of death before his eyes. 
With forms more horrible of eager fiends 
That seemed to hover round, and gulfs of fire 
Opening beneath his feet. At times the groan 
Of some poor fugitive, who, bearing with him 
His mortnl hurt, had fallen beside the way, 
Roused him from these dread visions ; and he called 
In answering groans on his Redeemer's name, 
That word the only prayer that parsed his lips 
Or rose within his heart. Then would he see 
The Cross whereon a bleeding Saviour hung, 
Who called on him to come and cleanse his soul 
In those all-healing streams, which trom his wounds, 
As from perpetual springs, for ever flowed. 
No hart e'er panted for the water-brooks 
As Rodf'rick thirsted there to drink and live : 
But Hell was interposed; and, worse than Hell, — 
Yoiu to his eves more dreadful than the fiends 
Who flocked like Inmfn'v nivens round his head, — 
Florinda sto<Hl between, and warned him ofl* 
With her abhorrent hand<, — that agony 
Still in her face, which, when the deed was done. 
Inflicted on her ravisher the curse 
Tliat it invoked from Heaven. Oh, what a night 



20 southey's poems. 

Of waking horrors ! Nor, when morning came, 

Did the realities of light and day 

Bring aught of comfort : wlieresoe*er lie went, 

The tidings of defeat had gone befoi-e ; 

And, leaving their defenceless homes to seek 

What shelter walls and battlements might jrield, 

Old men with feeble feet, and tottering babes. 

And widows with their infants in their arms, 

Hurried along. Nor royal festival 

Nor sacred pageant with like multiludes 

E'er filled the public way. All wliom the sword 

Had spared were here ; bed-rid infirmity 

Alone was Icfl behind ; the cripple plied 

His crutches ; with her child of yesterday 

The mother fled ; and she whose hour was come 

Fell by the road. 

Less dreadful than tliis view 
Of outward suffering wliich the day disclosed 
Had night and darkness seemed to Roderick's 

heart, 
With all their dread creations. From the throng 
He turned aside, unable to endure 
This burden of the general woe: nor walls 
Nor towers nor mountain fastnesses he sought ; 
A firmer hold his spirit yearned to find, 
A rock of surer strength. Unknowing where, 
Straight through the wild he hastened on all day, 
And with unslackened speed was travelling still 
When evening gathered round. Seven days, from 

mora 



RODEUICK, THE LAST OF THE GOTUS. 21 

Till night, he travelled thus : the forest-oaks 
The fig-grove by the teartul husbaudinan 
Forsaken to the spoiler, aiid the vines, 
Where fox :ui«l household dog together now 
Fed on the vintage, gave him food ; the hand 
Of Heaven was on hini, and the agony 
Which wrought within supplied a strength beyond 
All natural force of man. 

When tlie eighth eve 
Was come, he found himself on Ana*s banks, 
Fa>t by the Caulian SchooU. It was the hour 
Of vespers ; but no vesper-bell was heard, 
Nor other sound than of the passing streiim, 
Or stork, who, riai)ping with wide wing the air, 
Sought her broad nest upon the >ilent towei. 
Brethren and pupils thence alike had Hed 
To save themselves within the embattled walls 
Of neighboring Merida. r One aged ^lonk 
Alone was left behind : he would not leave 
The sacred spot beloved; for, having served 
There from his childhood up to ripe old age, 
God's holy altar, it became him now, 
He thought, before that altar to await 
The menriless misbelievers, and lay down 
His life, a willing martyr. 80 he staid 
When all wv.vn gone, and duly fetl the lamps, 
And kept devotedly the altar dressed, 
And duly ottered up the sacrilice. 
Four days and nights he thus had i)assed alone, 
In such high mood of saintly fortitude 



22 southey's poems. 

That hope of Heaven became a heavenly joy ; 
And now at evening to the gate he went, 
If he might spy the Moors, — for it seemed long 
To tarry for his crown. ) 

Before the Cross 
Roderick had thrown himself; his body raised, 
Half kneeling, half at length he lay ; his arms 
Embraced its foot ;rand from his lifted face 
Tears, streaming down, bedewed the senseless stone 
He had not wept till now ; and, at the gush 
Of these first tears, it seemed as if his heart, 
From a long winter's icy thrall let loose. 
Had opened to the genial influences 
Of Heaven.) In attitude, but not in act. 
Of prayer he lay ; an agony of tears 
Was all his soul could offer. AMien the Monk 
Beheld him suffering thus, he raised him up. 
And took him by the arm, and led him in ; 
And there, before the ahar, in the name 
Of Him whose bleeding image there was hung. 
Spake comfort, and adjured him in that name 
There to lay down the burden of his sins. 
" Lo ! " said Romano, " I am waiting here 
The coming of the Moors, that from their hands 
My spirit may receive the purple robe 
Of martyrdom, and rise to claim its crown. 
That God who willeth not the sinner's death 
Hath led tliee hither. Threescore years and five, 
Even from the liour when L a five-years' child, 
Entered the schools, have I continued here. 



RODERICK, THE LAST OF THE GOrHS. 2d 

Ajid served the altar ; not in all those years 
Hath such a contrite and a broken heart 
Appeared before me. my brother ! Heaven 
Hath sent thee for thy comfort, and for mine, 
That my last earthly act may reconcile 
A sinner to his God." 

Tlien lioderick knelt 
Before the holy man, and strove to speak. 
( " Thou seest," he cried, — " thou seest," — but me * 

mory 
And suffocating thoughts repressed the word. 
And 3huddering^, like an ague-fit, from head 
To foot convulsed him ; till at length, subduing 
His nature to the effort, he exclaimed. 
Spreading his hands and lifting up his face, 
As if resolved in penitence to bear 
A human eye upon his .shame, — '' Thou seest 
Roderick the Goth I " That name would have suf 

ficed 
To tell its whole abhorred history : 
He not the less pursued, '* The ravisher. 
The cause of all this ruin ! " Having said. 
In the same [X)sture motionless he knelt. 
Arms stniightened down, and hands outspread, and 

eves 
Raised to the Monk, like one who from his voice 
Awaited life or death. 

All night the old man 
Prayed with his penitent, and ministered 
Unto the wounded soul, till he infused 



24 southey's poems. 

A healing hope of mercy tliat allayed 
Its heat of anguish. But Romano saw 
What strong temptations of despair beset, 
And how he needed in this second birth, 
Even like a yearling child, a fosterer's care. 
" Father in Heaven," he cried, " thy will be done ; 
Surely I hoped that I this day should sing 
Hosannas at thy throne ; but thou hast yet 
Work for thy servant here. " He girt his loins, 
And from her altar took, with reverent hands, 
Our Lady's image <lown : '* In this/* quoth he, 
'* We have our guide and guard and comforter, 
The best provision for our perilous way. 
Fear not but we shall find a resting-place ; 
The Almighty's hand is on us." 

They went forth ; 
They crossed the stream ; and, when Romano turned 
For his last look toward the Caulian towers. 
Far off the Moorish standards in the li«xht 
Of morn were glittering, where the miscreant host 
Toward the Lusitanian capital 
To lay their siege advance*! : .th<' eastern breeze 
Bore to the fearful travellers far away 
The sound of horn and timibour o'er the plain. 
All day they hastened, and, when evening fell. 
Sped toward the setting sun, us if its line 
Of j^lory came fiom Ili^aven to point their course. 
Bui feeble wt;re the fet't of that old m:ui 
For such a weary length of way ; and now, 
Being passed the danger (for in Merida 



RODKRICK, THE LAST OF THE GOTHS. 25 

fWani long in resolute defence 

Withstood the tide of war), with easier pace 

The wanderers journeyed on ; till, having crossed 

Rich Tagus and the rapid Zezere. 

They from Albardos* hoary height beheld 

Pine forest, fruitful vale, and that fair hike 

Where Alcoa, mingled there with Baza's stream. 

Rests on its passage to the western sea. 

That sea the aim and boundary of their toil. 

The fourth week of their painful pilgrimage 
Was full, when thev arrived where from the land 
A rocky hill, rising with steep ascent, 
O'erhung the glittering beach ; there, on the top, 
A little, lowly liermitage they found. 
And a rude Cross, and at its foot a grave, 
Bearing no name, nor other monument. 
Where better could they rest than here, where faith 
And secret penitence and happiest death 
Had blest the spot, and brought good Angels down, 
And opened, as it were, a way to Heaven ? 
Behind them was the desert, offering fruit 
And water for their need ; on either side 
The white sand sparkling to the sun ; in front. 
Great Ocean with its everlasting voice. 
As in perjK?tual jubilee, proclaimed 
The wonders of the Almighty, filling thus 
The pauses of their fervent oriscms. 
Where better conM the wanderers rest than here? 



26 southey's poems. 



n. 

RODERICK IN SOLIIUDE. 

Twelve months they sojourned in their solitude^ 
And then beneath the burden of old age 
Romano sunk. No brethren were there here 
To spread the sackcloth, and with ashes strew 
That penitential bed, and gather round 
To sing his requiem, and with prayer and psalm 
Assist him in his hour of agony. 
He lay on the bare earth, which long had been 
His only couch ; beside him Roderick knelt, 
Moistened from time to time his blackened lips, 
Received a blessing with his latest breath. 
Then closed his eyes, and by the nameless gi^ave 
Of the fore-tenant of that holy place 
Consigned him, earth to earth. 

Two graves are here ; 
And Roderick, transverse at their feet, began 
To break the third. In all his intervals 
Of pniyer, save only when he searched the woods 
And filled the water-cruse, he labored there; 
And when the work was done, and he liad laid 
Himself at length within its narrow sides 
And mea-^ured it, he shook his head to think 
There was no other business now for him. 
" Poor wretch, thy bed is ready!" he exclaimed; 
** And would that night were come ! " It was a task, 



BODEfiICK« THE ULST OF THE GOTH3. S7 

All gloom J as i: wa^. which hsA beguiled 
The sens^ of ^tlira-ie : bat cow he feh 
The harden of ihe solitarv lK»crr : 
The filence of tba: lonelv henn:!a^»r 
Lay on him like a f pell ; auo i a: the voice 
Of hi* own p.rayer? he *!ar-e«i. hulf ajLa^t. 
Then, too. a? on Ri'sartr-V gmve he ^:e 
And fiored njon L:- own. a nainra: iLmu^: 
Arose within Lim. W»:!l m: jh: he have 5p«an:d 
That u?-eir^« toil : ir^e *ej''jlcijre w.>ul.i be 
No liidinz-i'2i':e lor him : no Oiriftian Lin«l5 
Were here wliO *ho!iM com^iOie hi« d«r<y-nt <»rp$ey 
And cover i; w::ii rrarh. Th^Tr Lk mi^ht drmg 
Hi> wre:ch*ri l«c»iy a*. ::•? y»a-?irij h-vir: 
Bat th»:Te :h*? Is-.-a-Bini- ot hvr Lf-ri'.age 
Would r.h the worm, or r-ers'lveniure feize. 
Ere death hai done it* w...rk- :h«r:r h^lj»]tr=5 P^J- 
Even n-iw :Ltv did no! f<ir Liir. : A^i:rn he walked 
Be«ide iii*-ni on il^e l.«e*v.h, r^jar:!^: — ]v 
Tbev «aw LI- Cf^mir^ : ar/d thrrir whirring' win^? 
Upon 'he L- :rh: Lad ^ rn'rvjo-* {urir.r'l hi? cherk. 
As if, beiiij th!3- aivtr^T, LjmiTiiTv 
Had kh\ !T- rank, and :Lr prerc-^iive 
Of man were done awav. 

For hi* k»-: ctjwh 
And ^freptre never ha 3 he !*:i a :h .• ^ j"m 
Of pain: rej:»erjia^j^.^ hvi no :«a'^2^ '.•> *f«are 

■ 

For tri5e- -a'-h a- :*>-'• : :^e '..»-* r«:' :}e?€ 
Was a ch*:a:' r-er-ahv ; :La: Le hiid fj:]en 
Down to the low eft depth of w re:ohe'L»jess 



y 



28 southey's poems. 

His hope and consolation. But to lose 

His human station in the scale of things ; 

To see brute nature scorn him, and renounce 

Its homage to the human form divine ; 

Had then Almighty vengeance thus revealed 

His punishment? and was he fallen indeed 

Below fallen man, below redemption's reach, — 

Made lower than the beasts, and like the beasts 

To peris^h ? Such temj)tations troubletl him 

By day, and in the visions of the night ; 

And even in sleep he struggled with the thought, 

And, waking with the effort of his prayers, 

The dream assailed him still. 

A wilder form 
Sometimes his poignant penitence assumed, 
Starting with force revived from intervals 
Of calmer passion or exhausted rest ; 
When floating back upon the tide of thought 
Remembrance to a self-excusing strain 
Beguiled him, and recalled in long array 
The sorrows and the secret impulses 
Which to the abyss of wretchedness and guilt 
Led their unwary victim. The evil hour 
R<iturned upon him, when, reluctantly 
Yielding? to worldlv counsel his assent. 
In wedlock to an ill-assorted mate 
He gave his cold, unwilling hand: then came 
The disappointment of the barren bed. 
The hope deceived, the soul dissatisfied, 
Home without love, and privacy from which 



BODERICK, THE LAST OF THE GOTHS. 29 

Delight was banished first, and peace too soon 
Departed. Was it strange, that, when he met 
A heart attuned, a spirit like his own, 
Of lofty pitch, yet in affection mild, 
And tender as a youthful mother's joy, — 
Oh ! was it strange if, at such sympathy. 
The feelings, which, within his breast repelled 
And chilled, had shrunk, should open forth like 

flowers 
After cold winds of night, when gentle gales 
Restore the genial sun ? If all were known. 
Would it indeed be not to be forgiven ? — 
(Thus would he lay the unction to his soul,) 
If all were truly known, as Heaven knows all, — 
Heaven, that is merciful as well as just, — 
A passion slow and mutual in its growth, 
Pure as fraternal love, lohg self-concealed, 
And, when confessed in silence, long controlled ; 
Treacherous occasion, human frailty, fear 
Of endless separation, worse than death, — 
The purpose and tlie hope with which the Fiend 
Tempted, deceived, and maddened him ; — but then 
As at a new temptation would he start, 
Shuddering beneath the intolerable shame, 
And clinch in agony his matted hair ; 
While in his soul the perilous thought arose, 
How easy 'twere to plunge where yonder waves 
Invited him to rest. 

Oh for a voice 
Of comfort, — for a ray of hope from Heaven 1 



30 southey's poems. 

> aand that from these billows of despair 
Maj reach, and snatch him ere he sink ingulfed I 
At length, as life, when it hath lain long time 
Oppressed benoatli some grievous maladj, 
Seems to rouse up with re-collected strength. 
And the sick man doth feel within himself 
A second spring ; so Roderick's l>etter mind 
Aro?e to save him? JjO ! the western sun 
Flames o*er the broad Atlantic ; on the vei^ 
Of glowing ocean rests ; retiring then, 
Draws with it all its rays, and sudden night 
Fills the whole cope of heaven/ The penitent 
Knelt by Komano's grave, and, falling prone, 
Cla>p(jd with extended arms the funeral mould. 
** Father ! " he cried, " companion ! only friend 
When all beside was lost ! thou, too, art gone ; 
And the poor sinner, whom from utter death 
Thy providential hand preserved, once more 
Totters upon the gulf. I am too weak 
For solitude, — too vile a wretch to bear 
This everlastin'x commune with mvself. 
The Tempter hath a-sailed me ; my own heart 
Is leagued with him ; Despair hath laid the nets 
To tak(5 my soul ; and jMemory, like a ghost. 
Haunts m<% and drives me to the toils. Saint, 
^Vhilc I wa-i blest with thee, the hermitage 
Was my sure haven ! Look upon me still ! 
For from thv hoavenlv mansion thou canst see 
Till' suppliant ; look upon thy child in Christ I 
Is there no other way for penitence? 



RODERICK, THE LAST OP THE GOTHS. 81 

I ask not martyrdom ; for what am I 

That I should pray for triumplis, the fit meed 

Of a long life of holy work like thine ? 

Or how should I presumptuously aspire 

To wear the heavenly crown resigned by thee, 

For my poor sinful sake ? Oh ! point me thou 

Some humblest, painfulest, severest path, — 

Some new austerity, unheard of yet 

In Syrian fields of glory or the sands 

lOf holiest Egypt. Let me bind my brow 

.'With thorns, and barefoot seek Jerusalem, 

Tracking the way with blood ; there, day by day, 

(Infiict upon this guilty fiesh the scourge, . 

'Drink vinegar and gall, and for my bed 

Hang with extended limbs upon the Cross, 

A nightly crucifixion ! — any thing 

Of action, difficulty, bodily pain, 

Labor, and outward suffering, — any thing 

But stillness and this dreadful solitude I / 

Romano ! Father ! let me hear tiiy voice 

In dreams, O sainted Soul ! or from the grave 

Speak to thy penitent ; even from the grave 

Thine were a voice of comfort." 

Thus he cried, 
Easing the pressure of his burdened heart 
With passionate prayer ; thus poured his spirit forth, 
Till, with the long, impetuous effort spent, 
His spirit failed, and, laying on the grave 
His weary head as on a pillow, sleep 
Fell on him. He had prayed to hear a voice 



s-i 



SOUTHF.r's POEMS. 



Of consolation, and in dreiuns a voice 
01' consolation tame. " Roderick," it $aid, 
" Itmlerick, my poor, miliappy, siiiful child, 
JedUB have mtn-cy on lliec ! " Not if HeaTeH 
Had (^oned, and Romano, visible 
In his betUitudci, had breatl)i?d l.liat prayer; 
Not if the grave lind spoken, — had 
So dueply in lii^ soul, nor wrung lilsi heart 
Witb sndi compunctious vi^itings, nor given 
So quick, m k<^t:n, & pang. It waa tiM nictM 
Wluub sung bia itettiit infancy to sleep 
So patieully ; which loothed bis <-biliU»h g 
Gouneelled, witb angui^^b mid prophetic lear^ 1 
His headstrong youth. And, lo! bis Motbera 
Before him in the vision, in tbojc weeds 
Which never from the hour wlit^n lo liie g 
She followed her dear lord Thoodofred 
Rusilla laid aside; but in her face 
A sorrow thai bespake a heavier loml 
At heart, and more uomiligared woe, — 
Yea, a more moital wretchedness than wh 
Witiza's ruffians and the r<:d-bol brass 
Had done their work, and in her Hrma she h 
Her eyeless husband ; wi]>ed away the sweat 
Wliich still his tortures forced tVom every p 
Coukil bin scorehed lids with medicinal berti%*^ 
And prayed the while for patience for betself ' I 
And bim, and prayed fur vengeance too, and 
Be^it comfort in her eunes. In bis dreoin, 
Groaning be knelt before ber lo beseech 



RODERICK, THE LAST OF THE GOTHS. 33 

Her blessing ; and she raised her hands to lay 
A benediction on him. But those hands 
Were chained ; and, casting a wild look around, 
With thrilling voice she cried, *• Will no one break 
These shameful fetters ? Pedro, Theiidemir, 
Athanagild, where are je ? Roderick's arm 
Is withered; — Chiefs of Spain, but where are ye? 
And thou, Pelayo, thou our surest hope, «. 
Dost thou, too, sleep ? — Awake^ Pelayo ! up ! • 
Why tarriest thou, Deliverer ? ** But with that • 
She broke her bonds ; and, lo, her form was clianged ! 
Radiant in arms she stood ; a bloodv Cross 
Gleamed on her breastplate ; in her shield displayed, 
Erect a lion ramped ; her hehnetl head 
Rose like the Berecvnihian Goddess crowned 
With towers ; and in h«'r dreadful hand the sword 
Red as a firebrand blazed. Anon the tramp 
Of horsemen, and the din of multitudes 
Moving to mortal conflict, rang around ; 
The battle-song, the clang of sword and shield. 
War-cries and tumult, strife and hate and rage. 
Blasphemous prayers, cjnfu'^ion, agony. 
Rout and pur>uit and death ; and over all 
The shout of victor^*, — Spain and Vii*iory! 
Roderick, as the strong vi>ion ma^ti^Ted liira, 
Rushed to the fight n-joicing: startin;: then, 
As his own effort burst the chann nf *ltfep, 
He found him^lf u[K>n that lonely grave 
In moonlight and in sil«'nee. But the dream 
Wrought in him >tiil : lur >iill he felt his heart 
vot. IX. D 



34 southey's poems. 

??.nt, and his withered arm was tremblii^ still ; 
And still that voice was in his ear which called 
On Jesus for his sake. 

Oh, might he hear 
That actual voice ! and if Rusilla lived, — 
If shame and anguish for his crimes not yet 
Had brought her to the grave, — sure she woald 

!)l(^ss 
H(*r i)enitc*nt child, and pour into his heart 
Prayei's and forgiveness, which, like precious balm, 
AVould heal the wounded soul. Nor to herself 
L<*ss precious or less healing would the voice 
That spake forgiveness flow. She wept her son 
For ever lost, cut off with all the weight 
Of unrepented sin upon his lie.ad, — 
Sin which had weighed a nation down. What joy 
To know that righteous Heaven had in its wrath 
Remembered mercy, and she yet might meet 
The child whom she had borne, redeemed, in 

bliss ! 
Tli(^ sudden impulse of such thoughts confirmed 
That unacknowledgiMl purpose, which till now 
Vainly had soujrlit its end. He girt his loins. 
Laid holiest ]Mnry's imag(? in a cleft 
Of the rock, wliere, sheltered from the elements^ 
It might abide till happier days came on. 
From all delilement safe ; poured his last prayer 
Upon Romano's grave, and kissetl the earth 
Which covered his remains, and wept as if 
At long leave-taking, then began his way. 



BODERICK, THE LAST OF THE GOTB8. 85 



\ 



IIL 
ADOSINDA. 

TwAS DOW the earliest morning : <^oon the SoDy 
Rising above Albardos, poured his Light 
Amid the fore&t, and, with raj aslant 
Entering its depth, illumed the branchless pines. 
Brightened their bark, tinged with a redder hue 
Its rusty stains, and cast along the floor 
Long lines of shadow, where thej ro?e erect 
Like pillars of the temple. > With slow foot 
Roderick pur?ued his way'; for penitence. 
Remorse which gave no respite, and the long 
And painful conflict of his troubled soul. 
Had worn him down. Now brighter thoughts 
And that triumphant virion floated still 
Before his ?ight with all Ler blazonry, 
Her castled helni« and the victorious sword 
That flashed lik^ lightning o'er the field of blood. 
Sustained by lLoughtr^ like the^e, from mom till ere 
He joum<rytd, and drew near Ley ria's wallf« 
*Twa* even-joug time, but not a bell was heard ; 
In!>tead thereof, on her polluted towers. 
Bidding the floors to their unhallowed prayer, 
The crier stood, and with his &6rjorou« voice 
Filled the delicious vale where Lena winds 
Through groves and pastoral meads. The Boundy 
the si(^t 



86 southet's poems. 

Of turban, girdle, robe, and cimeter, 
And tawny skins, awoke contending thoughts 
Of anger, shame, and anguish in the Groth ; 
The face of human-kind, so long unseen, 
Confused him now ; and through the streets he went 
With hagged mien, and countenance like one 
Crazed or bewildered. All who met him turned 
And wondered as he passed. One stopped him short 
Put alms into his hand, and then desired, 
In broken Gothic speech, the moon-struck man 
To bless him. With a look of vacancy 
Roderick received the alms : his wandering eye 
Fell on the money ; and the fallen King, 
Seeing his own royal impress on the piece. 
Broke out into a quick, convulsive voice, 
That seemed like laughter first, but ended soon 
In hollow groans suppressed. The Mussulman 
Shrunk at tlie ghastly sound, and magnified 
The name of AUah as lie hastened on. 
A Christian woman, spinning at her door, 
Beheld him, and, with sudden pity touclied, 
She laid her spindle by, and, running in, 
Took bread, and, following after, called him back ; 
And, placing in his passive liands the loaf, 
She said, " Christ Jesus for his mother s sake 
Have mercy on thee ! " With a look that seemed 
Like idiocy he heard her, and stood still, 
Staring awhile ; then, bursting into tt^ars. 
Wept like a child, and thus relieved his heart, 
Full even to bursting else with swelling thoughts. 



RODERICK* THB LAST OF THE GOTHS. 37 

So through the streets, and throogh the northeni gate. 

Did Roderick, reckless of a resting-place, 

With feeble vet with hurried step pursue 

His agitated war ; and when he reached 

The open fields, and found himself alone 

Beneath the starr\' canopy of Heaven, 

The sense of solitude, so dreadlul late. 

Was then repose and comlbrt. There he stopped 

Beside a little rill, and brake the loaf; 

And, shedding o'er tluu long-untasted food 

Paintul but quiet tears, with grateful soul 

He breathed thanksgiving forth, then made his bed 

On heath and mvrtle. 

But when he arose 
At daybreak, and pur<^n<i] his way, his heart 
Felt lightened that the shock of mingling first 
Among hi* fellow -kind was oveq)ast ; 
And. journeying on, he greett'd whom he met 
With such short interchange of benison 
As each to other gentle travellers give. 
Recovering thus, the jjower of social s|>eech 
Which he had long disu^fni. When hunger pressed, 
He asked for alms : slight supplication served ; 
A countenance so pale and woe-ln-gone 
Moved all to pity ; and the marks it l>ore 
Of rigorous |»en:uK*e and austerust life. 
With something, too, of majesty that still 
Appeared amid the wn-rk. inspired a sense 
Of reverence too. The goal-herd on the hills 
Opened his scrip for him ; the babe in arms. 



AS souTRKra pobhs. 

Affrigblml at his visage, turned away, 
Anil, dinging to the oiotJier's neuk in tears, 
Would yet n^ti look up, anil then again 
Shrink liack, with cry renewett. The bolder imps 
Sporting beside the way, at hu approach 
Brake off their games fur wonder, and ftood still 
In silence ; some among tliein cried, " A Saint ! " 
The village matron, when slie gave him food, 
Besought his prayera ; and one entreated him _ 
To lay his liealing lonnds upon her child. 
For with a sore and hopele-*s malady 
Wa^'tiag it long had lain ; and sure, she said. 
He waa a man of God. 

I Thus travelling on, 
He pasf^ed the vale where wild Aninca ponn ' 
Its wintry torrents ; and the happier rate 
Of old Conimbrica, whose ruined (oweis 
Bore record of the fierce Alani's wralh. 
Mondogo, too, lie crowed, not yet renowned 
In poet's amorous lay ; and left i>ehind 
The walls at whose foundation pious hands 
Of priest and monk and bishop mi«kly toiled,'^ 
So had the insulting Arian given command. 
Those stalely pahic-is and rich domains 
Were now the Moor's ; and many a weary a 
Must Coiinbra wear the mUl>eliever's yoke, 
Before Feniaado's banner through her gate 
Shall paj<s triumphant, and her hallowed Mos 
Behold the hero of Bivar receive 
The kniglitliood which he glorified so c 



BODERICK, THE LAST OF THE GOTHS. 39 

In his Tictorious fields. ) Oh, if the years 
To oome might then have risen on Roderick's soul, 
How had they kindled and consoled his heart ! 
What joy might Douro's haven then have given, 
Whence Portugal, the faithful and the brave, 
Shall take her name illustrious I — what, those walla 
Where Mumadona one day will erect 
Convent and town and towers, which shall become 
The cradle of that famous monarchy ! 
What joy might these prophetic scenes have given \ 
What ample vengeance on the Mussulman, 
Driven out with foul defeat, and made to feel 
In Africa the wrongs he wrought to Spain ; 
And still pursued by that relentless sword, 
Even to the farthest Orient, where his power 
Received its mortal wound ! 

Oh years of pride I 
In undiscoverable futurity, 
Yet unevolved, your destined glories lay ; 
And all that Iloderick in these fated scenes 
Beheld, was grief and wretchedness, — the waste 
Of recent war, and that more mournful calm 
Of joyless, helpless, hopeless servitude. 
'Twas not the ruined walls of church or tower. 
Cottage or hall or convent, black with smoke ; 
*Twas not the unburied bones, which, where the 

dogs 
And crows had strewn them, lay amid the field 
Bleaching in sun or shower, — tliat wrung his heart 
With keenest anguish : 'twas when he beheld 



40 souTHETs roeus. 

Tbe turbancd traitor ehow his sliamelass fi 

In the open eye of Heaven, — the r 

On whose bade, brutal nnturc, uiireileemed, 

Even black apostasy itself could stamp 

No deeper reprobiition, — nt the hour 

Assigned fall proslrale, and unite the nui 

Of God and the Blasphemer : impiuus prayerfl 

Most impious when from unbelieving lips 

The accursed utterance caiac. Then 1 

With indignation burnt ; and llien he lunged ' 
To be a King again, that so, for Spain 
Betrayed and his Redeemer thus rcTiounced, ' 
He might inflict due punishment, and make 
These wretches feel his wrath. But when hef 
The daughters of tlie land, — who, as they « 
With cheerful stqi to eliurch, were wont l< 
Their innocent fiiL-es to all piu^en* eyes. 
Freely, and free from sin a< when they loo 
In adoration and in jimise to Heaven, — 
Now ma^^ked in Moorish mufHers, 10 lh« Mm 
Holding unoompanied their ji-tilous way. 
His spirit seemed at that unhappy sight 
To die away within him ; and he, too. 
Would fiun have died, so death conid bring ti 
Entire oblivion. 

Rent with thoughts like 11 
He reached that dty, once the seat renowned 4 
Of Suevi kings, where, in contempt of Bon 
Degencmle long, the North's heroic race 



RODERICK, THE LAST OF THE GOTHS. 41 

Raised Urst a rival throne ; now from its state 
Of proud regality debased and fallen. 
Still bounteous Nature o*er the lovely vale. 
Where like a Queen rose Bracara august, 
Poured forth her gifts profuse ; perennial springs 
Flowed for her habitants ; and genial suns, 
With kindly showers to bless the happy clime, 
Combined in vain their gentle influences : 
For patient Servitude was there, who bowed 
His neck beneath the Moor, and silent grief 
That eats into the soul. The walls and stones 
Seemed to reproach their dwellers ; stately piles 
Yet undcciiyed, the mighty monuments 
Of Rommi pomp. Barbaric palaces. 
And Gothic halls, where haughty Barons late 
Gladdened their faithful vassals with the feast 
And flowing bowl, alike the spoiler's now. 

Leaving these captive scenes behind, he crossed 
Cavado's silver current, and the banks 
Of Lima, through whose groves, in after-years. 
Mournful yet sweet, Diogo*s amorous lute 
Prolonged its tuneful echoes. But when now, 
Beyond Anioya's tributary tide, 
He came where Minho rolled its ampler stream 
By Auria's ancient walls, fresh horrors met 
His startled view : for prostrate in the dust 
Those walls were laid ; and towers and temj)le8 

stood 
Tottering in frightful ruins, as the flame 



is SODTHEVS POEMS. 

Had left tiicm black and bare ; and througl 



All widi the rdceot wreelc of war besirewa, 
Helmet and tui'ban, cimeler aitd sword, 
CiiriMJan and Sloor in deaiL promiscuous lajr,-^ 
Each whure llicy fell ; aud blood-Makes, lurched 

cracked 
Like tlic dry slime of some receding flood ; 
Aud balf-burnl bodies, wliicb allured frooi &t i 
Tbi! wolf and raven, and (o impious food 
Tempt«d tlie bouselesa dog. 

A lliriUihg panQ 
A sweat like death, a uckness of the soul. 
Come over lioderick. Soon ibey passed awi 
And admiration in llieii' etcad arose, 
Sl«ru joy and in ex ting uis liable hope, 
With wrath and hale and sacred vcDgcancc a 
JndissoEubly linked. " valiant race, 
O people oxcellonLiy brave ! " he cried ; 
" True Uotlis ye fell, and tiiithful to iho last; 
Though overpowered, triumpbaiit, and in 
Duconqunred ! Holy bo yonr mcmoiy 1 
Blessed and glorious now aud evermore 
Be your heroic nameii 1 " Led by the sound, I 
As thus he cried aloud, a woman came 
Toward him fi'om the ruins. " For the loTO 
Of Cbrisl," she said, " lend m« a little whiU 
Thy charitable help 1 " Uer words, her voii 
Uer look, mure horror to his heart conveyed 
Than all the liavoc round j for though she 8] 



RODERICK, THE LAST OF THE OOTHS. 43 

With the calm utterance of despair, in tones 
Deep breathed and low, yet never sweeter voice 
Pouied forth its hymns in ecstasy to Heaven. 
Her hands were bloody, and her garments stained 
With blooil, her face with blood and dust defiled. 
Beauty and youth, and grace and majesty, 
Had every charm of form and feature given ; 
But now upon her rigid countenance 
Severest anguish set a fixedness 
Ghastlier than death. 

She led him through the streets 
A little way along, where four low walls, 
Heaped rudely from the ruins round, enclosed 
A narrow s[)ace. And there, upon the ground. 
Four IxHlies, decently com|)osed, were laid, 
Though horrid all with wounds and clotte<l gore: 
A venenible ancient, by his side 
A comely matron, for who-^e middle age, 
(If ruthless slaughter had not int<*rvened,) 
Nature, it seemed, an<l gentle Time, might well 
Have many a calm declining year in store ; 
The thinl an armed warrior, on his breast 
An infant, over whom his arms were crossed. 
" There," — with firm eve and steadv t*ountenance, 
Unfaltering, she addre>s<Ml him, — " thrre they lie, 
Child, Husband, Parents — Ado-in<hiV all ! 
I could not br«*ak the earth with these |)oor lianda. 
Nor other tomb provide ; but let that pass 1 
Auria itself is now but one wide tomb 
For all its habitants : what better grave ? 



44 soutuet's roKMs. 

Wlmt worthier moouinirit ? Oli, i^ 

Their blocxi, ihou Efirih ! luiil vt, jc lilessdd f 

Of Elcrocs and of miirdcrcd luiiot'cnt^, 

Oh, never Icl yoiu- evertnsling cries 

Cease round the Elerual Throne, till Uio Most I 

Fur all llit^^c unexampled wrongs halU given A 

Full, overflowing vengeance 1" 

While she aj 
She raided her lotly hand^ to Heavoo. as 1 
Calling for justlt-e on Ihe Judgment-seat ; 
Then laid cheni on her ej'es, and, leaning on, I 
BeuC o'er llie open sepuldtrth 

But soon, 
Witli quiet mien oolieeledl^, Itlie one 
Who from iiilen^e devotion, und the aet 
Of ardent prayer, arising, girds himself 
For thid world's daitj' Iiusintss, she arosi^ 
And soid lo Roderick, '■ Help mc now lo r. 
The covering of lliu tomb." 

With half-humt p 
Which she had gathered for tins funeml D»e, j 
Tbey rooft^ ihc vnuli ; then, laying ^lonca a 
Th^ do«od it down ; last, rendering all m 
Stones Upon stones they piled, till all appe 
A huge and shapeless heap. " Cnough ! " shft ■ 
And taking Roderick's hands ht both her OWIU 
And wringing lliem with fervent tliankfulnea 
* May God show merey lo thee," she exclain 
" When most thou needeat mercy ! Wl» tl 
I know not ; not of Auria, — for of all 



RODERICK, THE £AST OF THE GOTHS. 45 

Her sons and daughters, save the one who stands 

Before thee, not a soul is lefl alive. 

But thou hast rendered to me, in my hour 

Ot* need, the only help which man could give. 

Wliat else of consohuion may be found 

For one so utterly bereft, from Heaven 

And from myself must come. For deem not thou 

That I sliall sink beneath calamity : 

This visitation, like a lightning-stroke, 

ilath saithed the fruit and blossom of my youth ; 

One hour hath orphaned me, and widowed me. 

And made me childless. h\ this sepulchre 

Lie buried all my earth wai'd hopes and fears, 

All human loves and natural charities : 

All womanly tenderness, all gentle thoughts, 

All female weakness too, I bury here, — 

Yea, all my former natui*e. There remain 

Revenge and death : the bitterness of death 

Is past, and Heaven already hath vouclisafed 

A foretaste of revenge. 

" Look here ! " she cried, 
And, drawing back, held forth her bloody hand> ; 
** 'Tis Moorish ! In the dav of nnissacrc, 
A captain of Alcahman*s murderous host 
Reserved me from the shiughi«*r; not because 
My rank and station tempted liini with ihoiightd 
Of ransom, for amid the gciiiTMl waste 
Of ruin all was lost ; nor vet, hv. sure, 
Tliat pity moved him, — th«*y wlio from this race 
Accurst for pity look, such pity lind 



46 southey's -poems. 

As ravenous wolves show the defenceless flock. 
My husband at my feet had fallen ; my babe, — 
Spare me that thought, O God ! — and then, eveo 

then, 
Amid the maddening throes of agony 
Which rent my soul, — when, if this solid EUuiJi 
Had opened, and let out the central fire, 
Before whose all-involving flames wide Heaven 
Shall shrivel like a scroll and be consumed, 
The universal wreck had been to me 
Relief and comfort, — even then this Moor 
Turned on me his libidinous eyes, and bade 
His men reserve me safely for an hour 
Of dalliance, — me ! — me in my agonies ! 
But, when I found for what this miscreant child 
Of Hell had snatched me from the butchery, 
The very horror of that monstrous thought 
Saved me I'rom madness ; I was calm at oncey 
Yet comforted and reconciled to life ; 
Hatred became to me the life of life. 
Its purpa-^e and its power. 

" The glutted Moors 
At length broke up. This hell-dog turned aside 
Toward his home : we travelled fast and far, 
Till by a forest edge at eve he pitched 
His tents. I washed and ate at his command. 
Forcing revolted nature ; I composed 
My garments, and bound up my scattered hair; 
And when he took my hand, and to his couch 
Would fain have drawn me, gently I retired 



RODERICK., THE LAST OF THE OOTH8. 4.7 

From that abominable touch, and said, 

" Forbear to-uight, I pray thee, for this day 

A widow, as thou see^t me, am I made ; 

Therefore, according to our law, must watch 

And pray to-night." The loathsome villain paused 

Ere he assented, then laid down to rest ; 

While, at the door of the pavilion, I 

Knelt on the ground, and bowed my face to earth : 

But when the neighboring tent« had ceased their 

. stir, 
The fires were out, and all were fast asleep, 
Then 1 arose. The blessed Moon from Heaven 
Lent me her holy light. I did not pray 
For strength ; for strength was given me as I drew 
The cimeter, and, standing o'er his couch. 
Raised it in both my hands with steady aim, 
And smote his neck. Upward, as from a spring 
When newly opened by the hu.rliandman, 
The villain's life-blood spouted. Twice I struck^ 
So making vengeance ^re ; then, praising God, 
Retired amid the wood, and mea:^ured back 
My patient way to Auria, to i>erform 
This duly which thou see^t." 

As thus she rrpake, 
Roderick, intently listening, had forgot 
His crown, hL? kingdom, his calamities, 
Uia crimes, — so like a ;«j>ell ujK>n the Goth 
Her powerful woni- pn-vai!«-«L With open lij*«, 
^nd eag^r ear, and ey«."> which, while they watclied 
Eler featured, caught the spirit that she breathed. 



48 S0UTHEY*8 POEMS. 

Mute and enrapt he stood, and motionless : 
The vision rose before him ; and that shout. 
Which, Hke a thunder-peal, victorious Spain 
Sent through the welkin, rung within his soul 
Its deep, prophetic echoes. On liis brow 
Tlie pride and power of former majesty 
Dawned once again, but changed and purified ; 
Duty and high heroic purposes 
Now hallowed it, and, as with inward light, 
Illumed his meagre countenance austere. 

Awhile in silence Adosinda stood, 
Reading his altered visage and the thoughts 
Which thus transfigured him. ** Ay," she exclaimed, 
'' My tale hath moved lliee! it might move the dead 
Quicken captivity's dead soul, and rouse 
This prostrate country from her mortal tiunce: 
Therefore I live to tell it ; and for this 
Hath the Lord God Almighty given to me 
A spirit not mine own, and strength fix)m Heaven ; 
Dealing with me as in the days of old 
With that Bethulian Matron, when she saved 
His people from the spoiler. What remains 
But that the life which he hath thus preserved 
I consecrate to him ? Not veiled and vowed 
To i)a<s my days in holiness and peace ; 
Nor yet between sepulchral walls immured. 
Alive to penitence alone : my rule 
He hath him«elf prescribed, and hath infused 
A pjission in this woman's breast, wherein 



RODERICK, THE LAST OF THE GOTHS. 49 

All passions and all Tirtues are oombined ; 
LoTe, haired, joy, and anguish and despair 
And hope and natural pietv and faith. 
Make up the migiitv feeling. Call it not 
Revenge ! thu^ sanctiiied and thus sublimed. 
*Tis duty, 'tis devotion. Like the grace 
Of God, it came and saved me ; and in it 
Spain mu>t have her ^alvatiou. In thy hands 
Here, on the grave of all my family, 
I make my vow.^ 

She said, and. kneeling down, 
Placed within Roderick's jialms her fold<^ hands. 
•* This life," she cried. - 1 dedicate to God. 
Therewith to do him senice in the wav 
Which he hath shown. To roii^ the land againfil 
This impious, this intoltrnible y«jke. 
To <jfffer up the invader's hateful blood. — 
This shall be my employ, my rule and rile, 
Obsenauces and sacrifice of faith : 
For lliis I hold the life whirh he haih given, 
A sacred tru*-! : for thi«. when it shall suit 
His serrice. jo^iuliv mjli lav it down. 
So deal wiili m«r a* I fulHl ihe j.k-iigtr, 
O Lord mv Go-J, mv S^vjour aud mv JuJire ! " 

Tbcn. ri*in:r ir*nu the ♦ ank sh<r ^i-r-aa her arm^ 

* 

And. loc*kin$r ivund with *w'— ;:? -j -wr. lOLclaimed. 
'Anna and ^>]lain and H»^a\e:i r* >.-ive the vow'" 

r«t. IX. £ 



oO 



SOUTHKYS POEV8. 



IV. 



THE MOXASTEIIY OF ST. FELIX. 



Thus long had Kodoriek lieiird her powerful won Is 
In silence, uwed before her ; but bis bcart 
Was tilled the wliile with swelling sympathy, 
And now with impuUe not to be restrained 
The feeling overpuwered him. " Hear me, too> 
Auria and Spain and Heaven ! '' he cried ; '^ and thou 
Who risest thus above mortality, 
Sutferer and patriot, saint and heroine, 
The servant and the chosen of the Lord, — 
For surelv such thou art, — receive in me 
The iirst-frnits of thy calling ! " Kneeling theii. 
And }>lacing, as he spake, his hand in hers, 
' As thou hast swurn,*' the royal Goth pursued, 
*• Even so I swear ; my soul hath found at length 
Her rest and refuge; in the invaders blood 
She mu<t etface her stains of mortal sin, 
And, in redeeming this la<t land, work out 
Uedemj»tion fur herself. Herein I place 
My i)enanc(.' fur the })a<t, my hope to come, 
My faith and my good works; here ofi<*r up 
All thoughts and i)a>sions of mine inmost heart. 
My d;iys and nights ; this flesh, this blood, this life. 
Yea, this whole being, do 1 here devote 
For Spain. Keceive the vow, all Saints in Heaven, 
And prosper it> good end! Clap now your wings," 



(■ 



RODERICK, THE LAST OP THE GOTHS. 51 

The Goth with louder utterance, as he rose, 
Exclaimed, " clap now your wings exultingly, 
Y^ ravenous fowl of Heaven ! and in jour dens 
Set up, ye wolves of Spain ! a yell of joy ; 
For, lo I a nation hath tliis day been sworn 
To furnish forth your banquet ; for a strife 
llath been commenced, the which, fi*om this day 

forth, 
Pei*mits no breathing time, and knows no end 
Till in this land the last invader bow 
His neck beneath the exterminating sword.". 

" Said I not rightly ? " Adosinda cried : 
" The will which goads me on is not mine own ; 
'Tis from on high, — yea, verily of Heaven ! 
But who art thou who hast professed with me. 
My first sworn brother in the appointed rule? 
Tell me thy name." 

" Ask any thing but that 1 ** 
The fallen King replied. " My name was lost 
When from the Groths the sceptre passed away. 
The nation will arise regenerate ; 
Strong in her second youth, and beautiful. 
And like a spirit which hath shaken off 
The clog of dull mortality, shall Spain 
Arise in glory. But for my good name 
No resurrection is appointed here. 
Let it be blotted out on earth : in Heaven 
There shall be written with it penitence 
And grace and saving faith, and such good deeda 



52 southey'8 poems. 

Wi ought in atonement as my soul this day 
Hath sworn to offer up." 

" Then be thy name," 
She answered, " Maceabee, fh)m this day forth : 
For this day art thou bom again ; and like 
Those brethren of old times, whose holy names 
Live in the memory of all noble hejuls 
For love and admiration, ever young ; 
So for our native country, for her hearths 
And altars, for her cradles and her graves, 
Hast thou thyself devoted. Let us now 
Each to our work, — among the neighboring hills, 
I to the vassals of my father's house ; 
Thou to Visonia. Tell the Abl)ot there 
What thou hast seen at Auria ; and with him 
Take counsel who, of all our Baronage, 
Is worthiest to lead on the sons of S[)ain, 
And wear u[>on his brow the S})anish crown. 
Now, brother, fare thee well ! We part in hope; 
And we shall meet again, be sure, in joy." 

So saying, Adosinda left the King 
Alone amid the ruins. There he stocnl. 
As when Elisha, on the farther bank 
Of Jordan, saw that eld(»r [n-ophet mount 
The fiery chariot, and the steeds of* fire. 
Trampling tlie whirlwind, bear him up the sky: 
Thus gazin<r after her did Roderick stand; 
And as the innnortal Tishbite left behind 
His mantle and prophetic power, even so 



RODERICK, THE LAST OF THE GOTUS. 53 

Had her inspiring presence left inftised 

The spirit which she breathed. Gazing he stood. 

As at»a heavenly visitation there 

Vouchsafed in mercy to himself and Spain ; 

And, when the heroic mourner from his sight 

Had passed away, still reverential awe 

Held him suspended there and motionless. 

Then, turning from the ghastly scene of death 

Up murmuring Lona, he began toward 

The holy Bierzo his obedient way. [vale 

Sirs ample stream he crossed, where, through the 

Of Orras, from that sacred land it bears 

The whole collected waters ; northward then, 

Skirting the heights of Aguiar, he reached 

That consecrated pile amid the wild, 

Which sainted Fructuoso in his zeal 

Reared to St. Felix, on Visonia's banks. 

In commune with a priest of age mature, 
Whose thoughtful visage and majestic mien 
Bespake authority and weight of care, 
Odoar, the venerable Abbot, sate. 
When, ushering Roderick in, the Porter said 
A stranger came from Auria, and required 
His private ear. " From Auria ?" said the old man : 
" Com'st thou from Auria, brother? I axn spare 
Thy painful errand then, — we know the worst." 

^Nay," answered I^erick, ^but thou hast not 
beard 



64 



eODTRKY'6 POKUS. 



My lalc. Where thai devoted city lies 

In asfat^. 'mid [lie ruliis aod tlio dead 

I found u woman, wliom ihe Moor* liiid born 

Capiive Bway i but site, by Heaven hi?|>ired ^ 

And her good heart, with bur own arm bad n 

Her own ilelivemnoe, smiting in his tunl 

A lustful Moorish mi^^reaiiL, aa of ;or« 

By JuUilli'fi lioly deed the Aiayrian fell, 

And thut »mne spirit which had strengthened fl 

Worked in her elill. Four walls with ] 

toil 
i>he reared, wherein, as in a sepulehre 
With her own liands «be laid her murdered ll 
Her husband and bur jiareuts, side by sidei | 
And, when we covered in this shapeless tt 
There, on the grave of all ber family, 
Did this courageous mourner dedicate 
All thoughts and actions of lier future life 
To her {)oor country. For she said, that Ret 
Sup[»rting her, in mercy hud vouchsafed 
A foretaste of revenge ; that, like the grace I 
Of God, revenge had saved her ; that ii 
Spain must have ber salvation ; and beDcefofl 
That pu'iiiou, thus iiubiimed and sanctified) 
Must be to all the loyal sons of Spaiu 
The pole-«tar of titdr fdtb, their nde and riUJ 
Obwrvancea and worthiest sacrifice. 
I tocik the vow, unworthy lu I am, 
Her Ural awom follower la ibe appointed n 
And then we parted, — ehe among the hUla 



RODERICK, THE LAST OF THE OOTHS. 55 

To rouse the va-^sals of her father's house ; 
I at her bidding hitherward, to ask 
Thy counsel, wlio, of our old Baronage, 
Shall place upon his brow the Spanish crown." 

" The Lady Adosinda ? " Odoar cried. 
Roderick made answer, " So she called herself." 

" Oh, none but she ! " exclaimed the good old man. 
Clasping his hands, which trembled as he spake, 
In act of pious passion raised to Heaven, — 
" Oh, none but Adosinda ! — none but she, — 
None but that noble heart, which was the heart 
Of Auria while it stood, its life and strength. 
More than her father's presence, or the arm 
Of her brave husband, valiant as he was. 
Hers was the spirit which inspired old age, 
Ambitious boyhood, girls in timid youth, 
And virgins in the beauty of their spring, 
And youthful mothers, doting, like herself. 
With ever-anxious love. She breathed through aU 
That zeal and that devoted faithfulness, 
Which to the invader's threats and promises 
Turned a deaf ear alike ; which in the head 
And flood of prosperous fortune checked his course, 
Repelled him from the walls, and when at length 
His overpowering numbers forced their way, 
Even in that uttermost extremity 
Unyielding, still from street to street, from house 
To house, from floor to floor, maintained the fight 



50 SOUTHEYS POEMS. 

Till by their altars falling, in their doors, 

And on their household hearths, and by their beds 

And cradles, and their fathers' sepulchres, 

This noble army, gloriously revenged. 

Embraced their martyrdom. Heroic souls ! 

Well have ye dor.2, and righteously discharged 

Your arduous part ! Your service is performed, 

Your earthly warfare done ! Ye have put on 

The purple robe of everlasting peace ! 

Ye have received your crown ! Ye bear the palm 

Before the throne of Grac(» I " 

With that he paused, 
Checking the strong emotions of his soul. 
Then, with a solemn tone, addressing him 
Who shared his secret thoughts, "Thou know'st," 

he said, 
" O Urban ! that thoy have not fallen in vain : 
For l)y this virtuous sacrifice they thinned 
Alcahman's thousands ; and his broken force, 
Exhausted by their dcar-lK)ught victory. 
Turned back from Auria, leaving us to l)reathe 
Among our mountains yet. W(; lack not here 
Good lu'arts nor valiant hands. AVhat walls or towers 
Or battlements arc like tbcse fa-tnesses, 
These rocks and glens and everla-^ting bills? 
Give but that Aurinn spirit, and the !Moors 
Will >pend their force a-J idly on these holds 
As romul the roj'ky girdle of the land 
The wild Cantabrinn billows waste their rage. 
Give but that spirit ! Heaven hath given it 08, 



uoi>kkii:;k, the last of the goths. 57 

I [TArlunnitH ibu^ aa frum ihe <lcn<[, 

' Be gninlei) lo our prayers ! " 

"Anii ivlio nr( thou," 
Siiid (Jrbiin, " who bast liiken on lliysclt' 
Tluii niln of warlike fiiiih? Thy count una tice, 
Ami ibose poor weeds, bespeak h UIW are this 
Deroted to nu*tere observances." 

Kodi!i7ck repbed, " I am a sinful mwl, 
On? who in mlilude batb long daplorcd 
A lifo misspent ; but never bound hyvov/s 
Till Adosindn tnught mo where lo find 
Comtbrt, nml how to work forgiveness out. 
Wli,-n Ihnt exullpd woman took rov vow. 
She called me Maccabee; from this day forth, 
Be that my earthly name. But tell me now. 
Whom shall we rouse to lake upon his bead 
The crown of Spain f Where are the Gothic Chiefs ? 
Sacaru, Tlieudemir. Athanagild, 
All who survived that eight-days' obstinale Hght^ 
When, clogged with bodies, Chrysus scarce could 

Its blooily stream along? Witiza's sons. 
Bad offspring of a stock accurst, I know, 
Have put the turban on their recreant heads. 
Where are your own Cantabrian Lords ? I ween 
Eudon and Pedro and Pel.iyo now 
Have ceased their rivalry. If Pelnyo live, 
His were the worthy heart and rightful Iinnd 
To wield the sceptre and the sword of Spain." 



58 southey's poems. 

Odoar and Urban eyed him while he spake, 
As if they wondered whose the tongue might be 
Familiar thus with Chiefs and thoughts of state. 
They scanned his countenance ; but not a trace 
J^etrayed the royal Goth : sunk was that eye 
Of soverciirntv, and on the emaciate cheek 
Had penitence and anguish deeply drawn 
Their furrows j)remature, — forestalling time, 
And shed<lin'g upon thirty's brow more snows 
. Than threescore winters in their natural coui'se 
Might else ha\«o sprinkled there. " It seems, indeed 
That thou hast passed thy days in solitude," 
Replied the Abbot, **or ihou wouldst not ask 
Of things so long gone by. Athanagild 
And Thcudeniir have tak(»n on their necks 
The yoke. Sacaru played a nobler part. 
Long within IMerida did he withstand 
The invader's hot assault ; and when at length, 
Hopeless of all relief, he yielded up 
The gates, disdaining in his fathers' land 
To breathe the air of l)ondage, with a few 
Found faithful till the last, indijrnantlv 
Did he toward the ocean bend his way, 
And, shaking from his feet the dust of Spain, 
Took ship, and hoisted sail through seas unknown 
To seek for freedom. Our Cantabrian Chiefs 
All have submitted ; but the wary !>roor 
Trusteth not all alike. At his own Court 
He holds Pelayo, as suspecting most 
That calm and manly spirit; Pedro's son 



BODERICC, THE LAST OF THE GOTHS. «M 

There too is held as hostage, and secures 

His father's £uch ; Count Eudoo is despised. 

And so lives immole?ted. When he pajs 

His tribate, an tmeomfortabie thoagfat 

Mav then perfaap? dl^tarb him ; or more like 

He meditates bow profitable 'twere 

To be a Moi>r ; and if apostasy 

Were alL and to be unbaptized might serve — 

Bat I waste breath apon a wretch like this I 

Pelajo is the oolj hope ot' Spain, — 

OnlT Pelavo." 

- If. as we believe,** 
Said Urban then. ** the hand of Heaven is here, 
Aj>i dr%a»inil thoa^rh thev be. vet tor wi^^ end 
Of »Oi>L these visitations do its work ; 
An*! <iimlv a^ oar mortal «izht mav scmn 
The faiarr. vet methink? mv j-^ui iii«?cri€a 
How is Fe^vo should the puiT«.rHes 
Of Heaven be best accompli^Lrrd. AH too inu^ 
Hei« in their own inheritance, the ?ocis 
Of Spain have zroan***! beneaih a I'jreijn v.jke, 
Ponie and Bocnan. K«;Ir ax>i G<xh and GnLtrk : 
This latzer :«2ip*r?t 'X^me* :o ^w-inrp a^aj 
All prw>i 'L-tcI-'.-jaoos whi*^ -.-onunirjli:^ b:*j»>l 
Aad tnwr'i kici^ course have Ljul-r^i lo c^ce: and 

ca&w 
PerdiiaiKft i: i* :he will •>:* Faic :o r»^^ir 
Uf«Q& dte 3*xi of Sp^il". i S:ar.lri iLr^oe, 
ReAcciii^ 'izi ^tlAj'j't rjLiive iii^ 
TVe ice^cre to d«e Sfortiard. 



BO BOUTHEts POEjrs. 

" Go llioii, tl 
And seek Pelayo at the Conqueror's Court. 
Tell biin Ihc inouniainecrs me unsubdued ; 
The proi;ious time lliey needed haih been g 
By Aui-Ia's sacrifice, and all ihey ask 
I.' Iiim lo guide iliem on. In Odoar's name 
And Urliau's, lull liim llial the liour U c 



Then, pnusing for a moment, he purraed: 
" The rule wliidi Uiou lin^l taken on tbyself ' 
Toledo ralitles : 'lis meet for Sjmin, 
And as lliu will divine, to be received, 
Ohserved, and spread abroad. Come hither fl 
Who for Ihyseir ha)?t chosen the good part-, 
Let me lay hands on tliee, and cousecrate 
Thy life uiito the Lord." 

" Mo 1 " Roderick cried ; 
" Me ! sinner that I am ! " And, while he E>paka|. 
His withered clieek grcv paler, and his limbs ' 
Shook. " &A tltou goesi among the infidels," \ 
PuKued the Primate, " many lliou wilt find 
Fallen from the faith ; by weakness some betn 
Some led astray by baser liope of giUn, 
And haply, too, by ill example led 
Of those in whom lliey tiu^led. Yet have ll 
llieir lonely hours, when sorrow, or the tou 
Of sirkneiia, and that awful power divine 
Wliiuh liath its dwelling in the henrt of mai 
Life of his soul, his monitor and judge, 
Move them with silent impulse; but thegr U 



RODERICK, THE LAST OF THE GOTHS. 61 

For help, and, finding none to succor them, 
The irrevocable moment passeth by. 
Therefore, my brother, in the name of Christ, 
Thus I lay hands on thee, that in his name 
Thou with his gracious promises mayst raise 
The fallen, and comfort those that are in need. 
And bring salvation to the penitent. 
Now, brother, go thy way : the peace of God 
Ke with thee, and his blessing prosper us ! " 



)^^ 



V. 

RODERICK AND SIVERIAN. 

Between St, Felix and the regal seat 
Of Abdalaziz, ancient Cordoba, 
Lay many a long day's journey interposed ; 
And many a mountain-range hath Roderick crossed, 
And many a lovely vale, ere he beheld 
Where Betis, winding through the unlx)unded plain, 
Rolled his majestic waters. There, at eve, 
Entering an inn, he took his humble j^cat 
With other travellei's round the crackling hearth. 
Where heath and cistus gave their fragrant flame. 
That flame no longer, as in other times, 
Lit up the countenance of easy mirth 
And light discourse: the talk which now went 
round 



62 bouthet'8 poems. 

Was of the grief that pressed on every heart ; 
Of Spain subdued ; the sceptre of the Goths 
Broken ; their nation and their name effaced ; 
Slaughter and mourning, which had lefl no house 
Unvisited ; and shame, which set its mark 
On every Spaniard's face. One, who had seen 
His sons fall bravely at his side, bewailed 
The unhappy chance, which, rescuing him finom 

death. 
Left him tlie last of all his family ; 
Yet he rejoiced to think that none who drew 
Their blood from him remained to wear the yoke, 
Be at the miscreant's beck, and propagate 
A breed of slaves to serve them. Here sate one 
Who told of fair possessions lost ; and babes. 
To goodly fortunes born, of all bereft. 
Another for a virgin daughter mourned, 
The lewd barbarian's spoil. A fourth had seen 
His only child forsake him in his age, 
And for a Moor renounce her hope in Christ. 
His was the heaviest grief of all, he said ; 
And clinching, as he spake, his hoary locks, 
He cursed King Roderick's soul. 

" Oh, curse him notl" 
Roderick exclaimed, all shuddering as he spake. 
•* Oh, for the love of Jesus, curse him not ! 
Suflficient is the dreadful load of guilt 
That lies upon his miserable soul ! 
O brother ! do not curse that sinful soul, 
Which Jesus suffered on the cross to save ! ** 



RODERICK, THE LAST OF THE GOTHS. 68 

But then an old man, who had sate thus long 
A silent listener, from his seat arose, 
And, moving round to Roderick, took his hand : 
**' Christ bless thee, brother, for that Christian 

speech ! " 
He said ; '* and shame on me that any tongue 
Readier than mine was found to utter it ! " 
His own emotion filled him while he spake. 
So that he did not feel how Roderick's hand 
Shook like a palsied limb ; and none could see 
How, at his well-known voice, the countenance 
Of that poor traveller suddenly was changed, 
And sunk with deadlier paleness : for the flame 
Was spent, and from behind him, on the wall 
High hung, the lamp with feeble glimmering played. 

^ Oh, it is ever thus ! " the old man pursued : 
'^The crimes and woes of universal Spain 
Are charged on him ; and curses, whicJi should aim 
At living heads, pursue beyond the gnive 
His poor, unhappy soul ! As if his sin 
Had wrouj]^ht the fall of our old nionnrcliv ! 
As if the Mussulmen, in their career, 
Would ne'er have overleaped the gulf which parts 
Iberia from the Mauri tanian shore. 
If Julian had not beckoned them ! Alas ! 
The evils which drew on our overthrow 
Would soon by other means liavc wix>u;<:ht thoir end. 
Though Julian's daughter should have lived and died 
A viigto vowed and veiled." 



BOUTHEr'a 1-OF.MB. 




" ToncL not 01 


3 thnti 


inwai'd sliiveriiig$ al llie ili 


upht, 



V*8l ^^J 



Shrinking wilh it 

Tbe penitent csdaimeil. " Oh, if thuu Iov*sl 

Tlic a>iil of Roilerick, louuh not on llint dced^ 

God, in his mercy, may forgivt 

But human longue must never apwik his oam 

Without repniucli mid alter infutny, 

For that abhon-eil ncl. Even rhou" — Bui liere 

Siveriaii, taking up r.hc word, brake off. 

Unwittingly, Uie inL-auiioiw speeoli. " Even { 

Quoth he, " who nursed him in hia father's h 

Even I can only for that dt-etl of shame 

Offer in agony my secj'ei prayers. 

But Spain hath witnessed other crimes as ft 

Have ne not seen Favila's shameless wife, 

Throned in Wiliaa'g ivory car, parade 

Our towns with regal pageantry, and bid 

The miirtlerou^ tyrant in her husband'^ blood i 

Dip hia aiiulterouB band ? Did we not see 

Pelayo, by thai blo(j<ly King's pursuit, 

And that unnatural mollier, iTom ibo land 

With open outcry, like an outlaucd thief, 

Hunted f And law ye not Theodofred. 

As through ihe Htreel« I guided lilii dark stepi 

Itoll mounifully toward the nuotulay suu 

His blank and seuM^lcss eyeball^i ? Spain c 

And Eulfered it! I t^fk not to exouse 

The sin of Koderick. Jesu, who beholds 

The burning ttnrs I shed in KoUlude, 

Know< how I pleail for him in midiuglit |tniyi 



t tliu. 



RODERICK, THE LAST OF THE GOTHS. 65 

But i£f when he victorioiislj revenged 

The wrongs of Chinda>uiDtbo's house, his sword 

Had noi for mercy turned aside its edge. 

Oh, what a day of glor^' had there been 

Upon the banks of Chrysus ! Curse not him. 

Who in thai fatal condict to the hist 

So Taliantlr maintained his count r>''s cause ; 

Bui, if your sorrow needs must have its veut 

In corses let your imprecations strike 

The caitiffs, who. when Roderick's homed helm 

Bose eminent amid the thickest lights 

Betraying him who spared and trusted tiiein. 

Forsook iheir King, their Country', and tlieir God, 

And gave the Moor his coiique>t.** 

*• Av ! " iLev said, 
•• These were Witira's hateful progeny; 
And in an evil hoar the unhajtjiy King 
Had spared the viperous brouiL** With that they 

talked 
How Sifribert and Ebba thix»ugh the land 
Guided the foe; and Orpas. who liad i-:t>t 
The mitre from his renegado bn.)w. 
Went with the armies of thtr intidrN : 
And how in Hispalis, even where hi> hands 
Had ministered so oft the bread of life. 
The circnmcised a^Kistate did not ^haIne 
To thow in o|ien day his turbiined liead. 
^The Queen too, Egilona,** one exohiimt*d; 
** Was she not married to the enemv. 
The Moor, the Misbeliever? What a heart 

TOU IX. F 



66 SOUTIHiT's I'OGMS. 

Were hers, that eIic cuitld pride nnd pluioe hetself 

To rank among his herd of ctmt^ubinea, 

Having been wliat fthe Iiad beenl And who CMild 

How far domeslic wi'oiigs aiid di»cofil«iit 
Had wroitght upon tlie King ! " Hcrtint t 

Raising ben cat )i ihe knit and cui'ty brow 
His mounifiil eyes, replied, " This I c 
Xliat Ihat unquiet spirit and unblc^t, 
Tliough Rwleiick never told his sorro 
Kui^illn from llie palace of hi-r EOn. 
She could not bear (o ;ee lii§ geni'iiMia mind ' 
Wither bencalli ihe unwholesome intluence, 
And cankering ai tlie core. And I know wel 
That oft, when slve deplored his barren bed, 
Tlie thouglit of Bgiluna's ijualilit^ 
Came like u luuer medinne foi" her grief. 
And lo Uie cxliuuUun of licr husbiuid's line. 
Sail coniolnliou, re<»ni.'ilcd her heart." 



But ItuderiiJi, while thej c 
ceasetl 
To hear, bucIi pninfulcst anxiety 
The sight of ihnt old, venerable man 
Awoke. A sickening fear come over him: 
The hope which leil him fVom hu hormhage 1 
Now sctiin.-il for ever gone; for well he kneif 
Nothing but dcalh could break the ties wlilch houn? 
That faithfbl servant to his falbcr'e houw. 



RODESIC&, THE LAST OP THE GOTHS. 67 

She then for whose forgiveness he had yearned, 
Who in her blessing would have given and found 
The peace of Heaven, — she then was to the grave 
Gone down disconsolate at last; in this 
Of all the woes of her unhappy life 
Un happiest, that she did not live to see 
God had vouchsafed repentance to her child. 
Bat then a hope aix>$e that yet she lived ; 
The weighty cause which led Siverian here 
Might draw him from her side : better to know 
The worst than fear it. And with that he bent 
Over the embers, and with head half raised 
Aslant, and shadowed by his hand, he said, 
** Where is King Roderick's mother? lives she still ? " 

^ Grod hath upheld her," the old man replied : 
* She bears this last and heaviest of her griefs. 
Not as she bore her husband's wrongs, when hope 
And her indignant heart supported her ; 
But patiently, like one who finds from I leaven 
A comfort which the world can neither give 
Nor take away." Roderick inquired no more : 
He breathed a silent prayer in gratitude, 
Then wrapt his cloak around him, and lay down 
Where he might weep unseen. 

When morning came, 
Earliest of all the travellers he went forth, 
And lingered for Siverian by the way. 
Beside a fountain, where the constant fall 
Of water its perpetufd gurgling made, 



68 SODTSBY'b F0EM8. 

To the wnyfni'ing or the tHiising man 
Svvcelo^t of all sweet sounds. Tlie CliiiMiail'] 
WhoM general charity for man and beast 
Built it in better times, bad wiiti a cross 
Of well-hewn stone created the pious work. 
Wliicli now the misbelievers liad cast down, , 
And, broken In ihe dust, it lay defiled. 
Rodericic beheld it lying at his feet, 
And, gatheiing reverently the fragmeiil« up, , 
Placed them wiiliiu the cistern, und restored J 
With careful eollui-alion its dear form, — 
So might the waters, like a ciystal shrine, 
Preserve it from pollution. Kneeling thtai, i 
O'er the memorial of redeeming love 
Ho bent, and mingled with the fuunL his lenr 
And poured his spirit to the Crucilied. 

A Moor euine by, and, seeing him, exclnini 
"Ah, KatTerl worshipper of wood and stone, 4 
God's curse confound tliee ! " And, 

His face, llie miscreunl spurned him with his fl 
Between the uyes. The indignant King arose, 
And felled him Iti the ground. But liien the Uoor 
Drew Ibrlh Ins dagger, rising a» he cried, 
" Wlml I ilarc£t tliou. thou infidel and #lave, 
Strike n believer?" and he aimed a blow 
At Uoderi<:k's breast But Roderick caught U 
And closed, and wrenched the dagger I 
hold, — 



BODLSICK, THE LAST OF THE GOTH5. lid 

Such umdj ftrengtii did tboae emftcaaxe limbs 
From indignarioD dniv. — and in Li? i^eck 
With monal stroke he drove ihe arengiij^ «u«l 
Hill-deep. Then. a» the xhirsiT rozi-i -Inkiik in 
The expiring mi94a^E:ani's blood, 'i^ k^AeJ around 
In soddeo apprehen* ioo. ksi iLt: M*»r^ 
Had «een them ; bni Siberian va? in ^'i^hu 
The onlT tzmTeUer. and Le ^uyy.^ hi* znuk. 
And hastened op. " AL. br*xlR:r I " >^<i iLe oU 



* Thine i^ a fpiiit of iLe azjdeiii oyjid I 
And voold u> God a UML^tKOtd xDeii ilkt: tiat^ 
Ilad ibngfat at BodeiickV ?id»: oit iL&i lari dar 
When treason OTerpCiWrr**i Lim I Now. iila* J 
A manhr Gothic hears doih ili ac^x*ri 

Wixh tfae^e mkha^ *|:*j lime^w G>i£ke. j^t u? } j ie 
Tbt carriotL vhile ihe fhrozinz i*-:*ur :*m^>." 

So aajing. he ahghi^yi. .>:•>:< iIj^t -. vx'Ziei 
Amid IcMii^Er-lTiiig <and a La^r ^^raivc. 
And iereSied orer it the ea^v >:>:i. 

* Father.* said Roien<jk. a? :ij*:v v.''jr:.rv<ri oca. 
*LtfEl thi^ ihing be a ^^esu &i>a -jft<-raii.-M 

Of tnzxh henreeo oiw Wiir.-ri'-.'re ?ii.»-ji Tii-rjt be 

CcneeahDcnt benre^^xj ivv r'liiu Gy.:.',: iirMiV' 

la erii daT» Hke our?? Wii^i: :b:*u i:k?: 

li bat the fiKt-froit of iut aacri5:^« 

WUch OB ihi& iciored and >:*Ii'j:^i $>:•' -. 

Af OB a Uoodr ahar. I bar^ f « :*rL 

To flftr lo ip^snhed H^iiTe:: f.T >:•:.-.. 



70 SOUTHET'a POBUS. 

Her vengeance and her expiation. This 
Was but a lia^t^ act, by sudden wixm^ 
ProToked : but I am bound for Cordoba, 
On weighty minion fi:oni Visonia senti 
To breaibe into Pelayo'a ear a voice 
Of spiriUsiirrltig [lower, which, like the trun* 
Of the Arehaagel, shall awake dead Spain. 
The norilieni uiuuiiiaiiieerA are unsubdaedt 
They oUl uiwn Pelayo for iheir chief; 
Oiloar ami Uiliun It^ll him ihai llie hour 
Is come. Tliou loo, I ween, old man, art oi 
Willi no light errand, or thou would^i n 
Have left the ruins of thy master'e lioUBe." 

" Who art ihou ? " cried Siverian, as he » 
The wan aiid withered features of the King.^j 
"Thy face is of a stranger; but ihy voioe 
Diatiirbj me like a dream." 

Roderick replioi 
"Thou seest me as I am, — a stranger; onfr ■ 
Whose fortunes in the genenil wreck were b 
His name and linenge utterly extinct^ 
Himself in mercy spured, surviving all ; 
In mercy, that the bitter cup might heal 
A soul diseased. Now, having cast the bIouj 
Of old offences, thou beholdest me 
A mun nen'-bom ; in second baptism tiami 
Jjikp iho^e who in Judee bravely raised 
Against the Heathen's impious lymnny 
The banner of Jehovali, Maccabeei 



RODERICK, THE LAST OF THE GOTHS. 71 

So ekXL me. / In tliat name hath Urban laid 
His consecrating hands upon my bead ; 
And in tbat name bave I myself for Spain 
Devoted. ) Tell me now why tbou art sent 
To Cordoba ; for sure thou goest not 
An idle gazer to the Conqueror's Court." 

" Thou judgest well," the old man replied. " I, 
too, 
Seek the Cantabrian Prince, the hope of Spain, 
With other tidings charged, for other end 
Designed, yet such as well inny work with thine. 
My noble mistress sends me to avert 
The shame that threats his house. Tlie renegade 
Numacian — be who, for the infidels, 
Oppresses Gegio — insolently wooes 
His sister. Moulded in a wicked womb, 
The unworthy Guisla hath inherited 
Her mother's leprous tjiint ; and willingly 
She to the circumcised and upstart slave. 
Disdaining all admonishment, gives ear. • 

The Lady Gaudiosa sees in this, 
With the quick foresight of maternal care, 
The impending danger to her husband's house, 
Knowing his generous spirit ne*er will brook 
The base alliance. Guisla lewdly sets 
His wiU at nought ; but tliat vile renegiule, 
From hatred and from avarice and from iear. 
Will seek the extinction of Pelayo's line. 
This, t00| mj venerable mistress sees : 



72 



SOUTHEt's POEl 



Wherefore tbcse valiant anil liigli-minded d 
Send me lo Cordobn; thai, tf the Prince 
Cannot, by limely interdiction, stop 
The irrevocsiUle net of infamy, 
He may, al. least, to his own safety look. 
Being timely warned." 

" Thy mistress sojourns rten 
With Gaudiosa, in Pelayo's ball?" 
Said Roderick. "'Ti^ lR<r natural home," rqoi&fld 
Siverian: "Chindni°uintlio's roynl race 
Have ever eharod one lot of weal or woe ; 
And fihe who hath beheld her own fair shoo^'^ 
The goodly summit of llmt ancient tree, 
Struck by Heaven's boll, seeks shelter now beneath 
Tbo only branch of il^ mnjestic stem 
Tlial still survives the storm." 

(Thus they pursued 
Their journey, endi from other gathering stive 
For lliought, with many a silent interval 
Of mournful meditnliun, till ihey saw 
Th« l«m]>]es and the lowers of Conluba 
, Shining mnjestic in the light of eve.) 
(^Before Ilifin, Betis rolled his glittering etre 
In ninny u silvery winding traced afar 

I Amid the ample plain. Behind the walls 
And ?(alety piles which crowned its margin, ]| 
I Willi olives and with sonny slope of vinas, 
And many a lovely hamlot interspersed, 
WhoM! citron bowers were once the alxule oFpekS^ 
Height alxivo height, receding hills were eeeo 



BODCRfCK. THE LAST OF THE 007HS. 73 



Lnba<*i wi«i *T«:iii2 b'>r* : slvL 07«rr all 

Y ■ • * ■ ■ • m - • 

T :• "J'^SL* - rr - p :. • in-ij-:^ rr : ^ -- _' 't — rL 



U.T 



P»T :i.iL'':**:it~ *^Lr-L i/.i:- :■-•£'-:'■— ^^^ 'in' ^t^ 
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£^7X1 IT. lli* -U'lL 111 CJ"...- 

T;#* inif*- liw ti'r'L vir- lii...- ■ VI- • ,1: 
^ii: liui uj*ar nir^"'::;.- ii-*- •. . i.v 

Tim: irunisnt u;»ui *«;iiiii. *. ■ v - 
Mt ifKBr: vmiLii •nv lii ' • •• •!• ■■. 
h^ixrt tor mure 1- uni*^' 



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A lotit virr vkxiiiiu: lu* r u. 



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74 southey's poems. 

An edifice, whereto, as by a spell, 

Siverian's heart was drawn. " Brother," quoth he, 

" 'Tis like the urgency of our return 

Will brook of no retardment ; and this spot 

ft were a sin if I should pass and leave 

Unvisited. Beseech you turn with me, 

The while I offer up one duteous prayer." 

Roderick made no reply. He had not dared 
To turn his face toward those walls ; but now 
He followed where the old man led the way. 
*" Lord ! " in his heart the silent sufferer said, 
** Forgive my feeble soul, which would have shrunk 
From this ; for what am I that I should put 
The bitter cup aside ? Oh, let my shame 
And anguish be accepted in thy sight I " 



VI. 
RODERICK m TIMES PAST. 

The mansion whitherward they went was one 
Which in his youth Theodofred had built : 
Thither had he brought home, in happy hour. 
His blooming bride ; there fondled on his knee 
The lovely boy she bore him. Close beside, 
A temple to that Saint he reared, who first. 
As old tradition tells, proclaimed to Si>ain 
The gospel-tidings ; and in health and youth. 



RODERICK. THE LAST OF THE <;OTHA. 75 



Th^re luiodAil of inortalilr. he Mkw 
Ili'^ sepulchre prepanr«L Wiciza cook 
For hi^ aiiakenHis leman and him*^Ir* 
Th»= <MkW pile: bat to that ^[ttili.r*:. 
WLcn c^fXB '^ar'tivitv and 'iarkr-^r— •i*^^:!! 

F'T zkan «jaharr'^ wtjcrum. '*x-''ir.j 'h^n 

k ». m 

S»a :c»? r»:renran: ^L'r.*:r :*.-^»--vr^i :..—. : 

lair-'.-T'-i y-^'-^-^TT-i •>*' J.*:.- i.-^r.- ;,..•.. — 
fc" X w-r» "•*«— L''»ir' !i»? ^^ 'i.-; "••■.' "r 

Pi»* 5nar-n -e i..^- r- r >• »-,- . 

JLzti '•f "jtr :u<-; Ji -T-^'l- r '..- - -- 

F r ^3i3**r- s:~'*n. ■;■•: -.i** -•►—«- .-i •-- 

t L.«i 'If irr 3it — - T.i—n — - «... 

TuL- ain'r::iur ?«x»i»>ri •.:^"-- * ■ »■ • . . - ^ - 

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rr» jiaii -*^ nail** *•-•" :r-f.- 



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0])pre«5e<I her with (bt-ir monumcnlitl romiB: 
One Ony of bitter aiid severe deliglit, 
Wben HoUorick came for rcngeauce, ihe enduredi 
Aud then for ever lel\ her bridal liulls. 



Bndur eai | 



" Oh ! when I lost bebeld j-oii prince]/ f>i1 
Kxc1aiin<<d Stvcrian, " willi wbat olber lliouf 
Full, anil elate of spirit, did I pas 
Its juyoud gales ! Tlie weeder/, wliieli ihi 
The iotex^lices uf those negketed courts 
Unchecked hnd Hourished lung and seeded there, 
Waa trumplcd tben and bruised beneatli ibc feet 
Of llironging crowds. Here, druwii ui fair armjr, 
The fnilliful va^-ials of m; master's honse. 
Their javelins s{iai'kliiig in the moniiiig sun. 
Spread tlieir Iriumpliunt bjuinerj ; liigh-pl 

hdms 
Bose o'er the mitrlial ranks, and pnuicing el 
Sfndc answer to thi: trumpet's elirring v 
Wbile yonder towers shook the dull eiknoe 9 
Wliich long lo their deserted wulls liod clung^<l 
And with redoubling echoes swelled the shooll 
That liailed viclorious Roderick. Louder r 
The HCcliinmtioD, vhva the dust wns seen 
Rising Iwncatb his chariot- wheels lar off: 
liur, nearer ta the joutliful hero vtaac. 
All iounds of all the multitude were hushed} I 
Aiid from ilic lhciu«ands Hud (en thousands b 
Whom Cordohn and Hi^palis sent forth, — 
Yea, wboiu all Ba;licii, all Spain, poured out J 



BODECICK. THK I.A-T OF IIIK OO'tU^, 77 



To rr*« hi* criumph. — not a wf.I*j*^r f/"; 

To H:4ir*n. i«yL &■*"*: a.vi th^^.t'-.w^, xu%*UKtt^ 



rTir IjL^ -r ii-r EL'* I- ■ -, 1 . > 






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78 southet's poems. 

" Err perchance he might,** 
Replied the Goth, suppressing, as he spake. 
All outward signs of pain, though every word 
Went like a dagger to his bleeding heart ; 
" But sure, I ween, that error is not placed 
Among his sins. Old man, thou majst regret 
The mercy ill deserved and worse returned ; 
But not for this wouldst thou reproach the King ! *' 

" Reproach him ! " cried Siverian, " I reproach 
My child, my noble boy, whom every tongue 
Blessed at that hour, — whose love filled every heart 
With joy, and every eye with joyful tears ! 
My bnive, my beautiful, my generous boy ! 
Brave, beautiful, and generous as he was. 
Never so brave, so beautiful, so great, 
As then ; not even on that glorious day, 
When on the field of victory, elevate 
Amid the thousands who acclaimed him King, 
Firm on the shield above their heads upraised, 
Erect he stood, and waved his bloody sword — 
Why dost thou shake thy head as if in doubt ? 
I do not dream nor fable ! Ten short years 
Have scarcely passed away, since all within 
The Pyrenean hills, and the three seas 
Which girdle S[)ain, echoed in one response 
The acclamation from that field of fight — 
Or doth auglit ail thee, that thy Ixxiy quakes 
And shudders thus ? " 

" Tis but a chill,'' repDed 



RODERICK, THE LAST OP THE GOTHS. 79 

The King, *^ in passing from the open air 
Under the shadow of thb thick-set grove.** 

^ Oh ! if this scene awoke in thee such thoiiglits 
As swell mj bosom here," the old man pursued, 
*^ Sunshine or shade, and all things from witliout, 
Would be alike indifferent. Gracious God ! 
Only but ten short years, — and all so changed I 
Ten little years since in yon court he checked 
His fiery steeds ! The steeds obeyed his hand ; 
Tlie whirling wheels stood still ; and, when he leai)ed 
Upon the pavement, the whole })eople heard, 
In their deep silence, open-<*iired, the sound. 
With slower movement from the ivory seat 
Rusilla rose ; her arm, as down she stepped, 
Extended to her son's supporting hand ; 
Not for default of firm or agile strength. 
But that the feeling of that solemn hour 
Subdued her then, and tears bedininied her sight. 
Howbeit, when to her husband's gnive she cjime. 
On the sepulchral stone she bowed her hend 
Awhile ; then rose collectedly, and fixed 

m 

Upon the scene her calm and steady eye. 

Roderick, — oh! when did valor wear a form 

So beautiful, so noble, so august ? 

Or vengeance, — when did it put on lM*fore 

A character so awful, so divine; ? 

Roderick stood up, and, i-enehlng to the tomb 

His hands, my hero cried, * Th<»odofred ! 

Father! 1 stand before thee onct^ again. 



BO SOCTHEr's P0KM9. 

AceordiDg to tli^v pmyer, wheo, kneeHng down 

Between thy knees, I look my last farewell, 

And vowed liy all tliy sufferings, all thy wronm 

And by my mother'^ days and nights ot' veoe,^ 

Her silent anguish, and the gi-ief which tliea T 

Even rrom thee she diti not seek lo hide, 

That, if our cruel parting should avail 

Til save me from the Tyrant's jealous guilt, ■ 

Surely should my avenging sword fulfil 

Wlialo'er be omened. Oh that lime, I uriec 

Would give the strength of manhood to tliis ij 

Already would it find a manly heaii 

To guide it to ita purpose 1 And I awore 

Never again to aee my ikihcr's face, 

Nor ask my mother's blc^ing, till I broughti^ 

Dead or in chains, the Tyrant to lliy feol- 

Boy as I was, before all Saints in Heaven, 

And highest God, whose jusUce slumlien'lb I 

I made the vow. According to thy prayer, ' 

la all things, O my father I is that vow 

Performed, — alas! loo well; for tbou didsL p 

AVliilc, looking np, I felt tfae burning l( 

Which from tliy sightless sockets sli-eamed, drop 

down — 
That to thy grave, and itol ihy living feet, 
The oppre»^or might ba led. Behold him tl 
Father ! Tbeodofred ! No longer now 
In darkness, tVoroi thy heavenly eeat look d 
And sec before tUy grave iLine enemy 
In bonds, awaiting judgment nl my hand 



KM^CUCK. THE UksT vF THE GOTS^ el 



sztd irLfl nzic wjic : ii^i- n ir:- iL-r Kir.r 

XSits«£*£. li2ZiJ<2 ll-t- ssIJclli'-'c tH-.-I. •rZ^-^rrri 

CuzikJzi£. A: JtaiT"^ i::»:c. Li* jlli— .> irr :r-. 
And iifiizir "ni' i^ z^^si^'.^hn^ liur.*^-. ui_:<jv: .Irri 



I]^ <ana«nf9iiwk- - w^^nrr _ Tf- • t 



aini£«::ixis. ttiiri.:*^*^- — llt -:_.lj; tun 



I Cbd IKK um^ IDS' lif^' 

And idt jtruiims^fd !■:•: liirL ^t- :*'.:— j-^Js; --^ 



"Hit iji^i: uf diiT ub ntirt '. ' 

- !Mj": li.»j'.L'-|'.:L V ai' 
Of Ciurr ; -iUti VlltiL Ul< I v^^-^L 

TImbt csnnte. — let imit v*:ii:- l.-'.:nu. :«!Viiu 

Ok ! viiT an ximiu si' luugL r ** 

A' ::iU' lit »-:iuLrr.. 
Una naicited slur diurdi. Ti^- j •:>* -•• K>r-. uir ki.!iL. 



82 southet's poems. 

Gave way : both blinded with their tears, they went 
Straight to the tomb ; and there Siverian knelt» 
And bowed his face upon the sepulchre^ 
Weeping aloud ; while Roderick, over|>owered> 
And calling upon earth to cover him, 
Threw himself prostrate on his father's grave. 

Thus as they lay, an awful voice, in tones 
Severe, addressed them : " Who are ye,** it said, 
^ That with your passions thus, and on this night. 
Disturb my prayers ? ** Starting, they rose : there 

stood 
A man before them, of majestic form 
And stature, clad in sackcloth, bare of foot^ 
Pale and in tears, with ashes on liis head* 



VII. 
RODERICK AND PELAYO. 

'TwAS not in vain that on her absent son, 
Pelayo's mother, fix^m the be^ of death. 
Called for forgiveness, and in agony 
Besou^^ht his prayers : all guilty a« she was. 
Sure he had not been human if that cry 
Had fail<?il to pierce him. When he heard the tale 
He ble>t the messenger, even while his speech 
Was falterin^r, while from head to foot he shook 
With icy feelings from his inmost heart 



BODERICK. THE LAST OF THE GOTHS. ^ 

Effused. It dianged liie naiuTE: of hi» voe. 

Making ihe burden more eD*]uraUe : 

The life-long sorrow that remairied became 

A healing and a chastening >rntff. and biMiugfax 

Hi< £OuL in close commuiiiuii. Uf-arer lir^ien. 

For he Lad been her fir^t-liorD : azid tL^ love 

Which ai her breast Le drew, and ironi Ler ^miic« 

And from her voitt of tendeme?? iiiji-ibt-d. 

Gave »nch unnaiunil horror to her c.".iL.r-. 

Thau when the thcmght came over Lim. ix s>r*rmed 

As if the milk, which with L> iniaL*. iiie 

Had blended* tlirilled like pol^-^n iIltv^uj^L hi^ frame. 

Ii was a m'oe bevond all re-a<.-lj oi ij'.>:Hr. 

Till with the dreadful tale oi' Ler rriii'^i-^ 

•Ftiih touched his' htArt : and ever ir-.iui that day 

Did he for her who bore Liin. ijigbi auU mom, 

Pour out the anguish of hi? r-^uj In yrnysv : 

But chieflj as the night rriunje'l «Li-ij lirr^rd 

Her last expiring groaii* u! jfniicii-.-rr. 

Then through the long nit*] jiaiiiTui Ij^ur-. l*efore 

Tbe altar, like a peuiieut iiiiL-*ri!l 

He kept his vigil*; and wj-ti- li'jJ-.rj'iV -word 

Subdued Wiiiza. and th- iaTj-j wii- live, 

Dulv upon her gra\f Lr ^.-iTTrrvJ ^i- 

Hi* vearlv MicriUce ot" aj'oi.v 

And praver. Thi? wa.- iIr- !:"i::h: : iiii'": ! r :; war 

Wlio now before Siveriaij ixii'l :* • K : _• 

Stood up in sackcloth. 

Tli' ■■■'i iji.-k'.. ii'-'iii 1"»'ar 
Reoovering and from mouUvi. h:r:y\- hiui ui>i. 



34 aOUTHEV'S POEMS. 

" It is the Frincij I " he cried ; and, bending dowiii 
Euibraced li'iii knees. The acuua aud the word 
Awakened Roderick: he sliook uff tlie Juatl 
Of struggling thoughts, whlcli, pi-es^ing ou hid he&n, 
Held him Uke one entranced ; j'et, all uutuugiit 
To bend belbre the face of man, coufiised 
Awhile be stood, torgviful of U'n pajL 
But when Siveriau cried, " Sly Lord, my Lord, 
Now Gud be prabed thai I have fuund lUce ibus, 
My Lord aud Pi-iiii-e, Spain's only hope and inin«l" 
Then Rodenck, echoing him, exclaimed, " My Lord, 
And Prinue Pelayo I " and, uiipruaehiii>; near. 
He bent lui knee ubeisaut i but bid head 
Eartliwiird inclined ; while the old man, looking up 
From Ills low gesture to Pelayo's fare, , 

Wept at beholding him for grief and joy. 

"Siberian!" cried ihe ehicf, "of wlioia hath 
Death 
Bereaved me, that thou com'st U) Cordoba, — • ■ 
Children, or wife? Or hnth the mercil 
Of this abliori'ed and jealous lynuiny 
Made my liuuse desohue at one wide sweep? ' 



" They arc as thou couldst wish," the 
replied, 
" Wert ttuHi but lord of thine own bouse again, 
And Spain were Spain once more. A lale of ill 
I lieur, but one lliat touches not the lieait 
Like what thy fears forebode. The renegade 



loiQ hath 

ou3M 



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86 SODTHET'B 1-OBU8. 

Uuw I should tell Uiee that in evil (iniee 
Tlio bravest rouoAels ever are the best. 
Then ctiat high-minded LaJ}' llius I'cjoitied: 
* Whmevcr be my Lord's resolve, be kuows 
1 bear a mind prepared,' " 

" itrave spiriu ! " oM 
Pelajo ; " worthy lo remove all aiaiii 
Of weakness fi-um their «ex ! I uluiuld be lei 
Tbau luuii, il', drawing strengtb wbei« ottiera4 
Their hearld must open lo assault at tear, 
I quailed at dattgur, Never be it said 
Of Spain, that in tile hour ot' her dislrej^s 
Uer women Wei's as heroes, but heriuen 
Perfurwed thu woman's parL" 

Koiterick at tl 
Lioolied up, and, talting up the word, excUiid 
" O Prince ! iu better days the pride of Spai 
And, prostrate aa she lies, ber eurest Iiojie, 
Hear now my tale. Tlie fire whicb seemed e 
Haiii risen revigorate : a living »park 
From Auria's asiies, by a woman's hand 
Preserved and qoiiJkeiicd, kJiidlta far and wid 
The beacoii-Hnmc o'er all the Asiuriao IuDb. ^ 
There hath a vow lieen oflered up, tftuub blq 
Ua and our cliildreii't children to ihe woj-k 
Of holy hatred. In the name of Spain, 
.That vow liath been prouounced, and regiata 
Above, lu be ibe bond whereby we ^laiid 
For [X>adcmiiBiIott or aevepiaiioe. Unaveo 
Beeeived the irrevouthle vow, and Earth 






T!:*: -C'l — :- r j • - -i* uir— - '•-- 
Lijff.ft. rf:'^:i *:i:i»r':T:iiir ii:r» " -■— - 

F:** .!"«.«L r nraiii"' liiii ir, : — 

CiTr-i •'•.: .1' lUiV r Ci ^^:.4.r>- ■ 
L'HiiiU:! i~ ni I:' At-.' UTlX^. . - 1 

JLiiL :»-*ax ii-.f iiii'i Liiti. ^ I :::. - 
Tij - 'iin-^iii-fi ■*! - ';:l— :.- ::..:„ 
'!"«j.»ir uir. V "'ui "- '11 '~-- ::_* 
>:r.i: "i:»-. .;«*ii* -t .1": 4* : "-:_--. 
T". »-'-: 'im i 1: "111 — . uit; -.- . _ — .: 
Tiiir "■-• F Lir It •;r -- • ■". - ■■ • 

A^u-* StiTU .iri S ."*ll«i" '- -"1. * . " * 

ly.n hr - •; r *••■»..: l —:■:.• 
^^«iAi^J3«^ Ji "U^ la:.'* ^.: ■ . ." 

'.♦' ::;« !!• -■ iiif':»*?u iiM .- 

H.11^ -T*^-ii itriivL— • :.-:■-_■. - 

Y*'- imui ul i> -^uf-.-ii^ I.. 
•y ^'V'.irn lUfL ir» r-iUi »- - - . • - 
Curiuiiu-r^Ji mil iiiif. •:•. i :.--.. 
Sin ir 1101 niir'-t uhl .... - 



88 80UTftEY'8 POEMS. 

Restore them to their rights, too long withheld, 
And place upon thy brow the Spanish crown." 

When Roderick ceased, the princely Mountaineer 
Gazed on the passionate orator awhile, 
With eyes intently fixed and thoughtful brow , 
Then, turning to the altar, he let fall 
The sackcloth robe, which late, with folded arms, 
Against his heart was pressed, and, stretching forth 
His hands toward the crucifix, exclaimed, 
" My God and my Redeemer ! where but here. 
Before thy awful presence, in this garb. 
With penitential ashes thus bestrewn, 
Could I so fitly answer to the call 
Of Spain, and for her sake, and in thy name, 
Accept the Crown of Thorns she profilers me ? " 

** And where but here," said Roderick in his heart. 
" Could I so properly, with humbled knee 
And willing soul, confirm my forfeiture?" 
The action followed on that secret thought : 
He knelt, and took Pelayo's hand, and cried, 
" First of the S[)aniards, let me with this kiss 
Do homage to thee here, my Lord and King ! " 
With voice unchanged and steady countenance 
He spake ; but, when Siverian followed him. 
The old man trembled as his lips pronounced 
The faltering vow ; and, rising, he exclaimed, 
** God grant thee, O my Prince ! a better fate 
Than thy poor kinsman's, who in happier days 



« _ 



•- Uf 



'«-• ,■•"« 



A? '.c** T"ij-*— -.1. "" . I 



- 11^ T.- :r~ 
KttQw^i^ IX*- »«w. -r^ 



90 SOUTH EY'S rOEMS. 

From undisputed source flowed undefiled ; 

His mother's after-guilt attainting not 

The claim legitimate he derived from her, 

Her first-born in her time of innocence. 

He, too, of Chindasuintho's regal line 

Sole remnant now, drew after him th^ love 

Of all true Goths ; uniting in himself 

Thus, by this double right, the general heart 

Of Spain. For this the renegado crew, 

Wretches in whom their conscious guilt and fear 

Engendered crudest hatred, still advised 

The extinction of Pelavo's house ; but most 

The apostate Prelate, in iniquity 

Witiza's genuine brother as in blood, 

Orpas, pursued his life. He never ceased 

With busy zeal, true traitor, to infuse 

His deadly rancor in the Moorish chief: 

" Their only danger," ever he observed, 

" Was from Pelayo ; root his lineage out, 

The Caliph's em[)ire then would be secure, 

And universal Spain, all hope of change 

Being lost, receive the Prophet's conquering law.** 

Then did the Arch-villain urge the Moor at once 

To cut off future peril ; telling him 

Death was a trusty keeper, and that none 

E'er broke the prison of the grave. But here 

Keen malice overshot its mark : the Moor, 

Who from the plunder of their native land 

Had l)ought the recreant crew^ that joined his ann& 

Or cheaplier with their own possessions bribed 



BODERICK, THE LAST OK THE GOTH^. 91 

Their sordid soalfl, saw t]iroiigh the flimsy show 

Of policy wherewith they sought to cloak 

Old enmity and selfish aims. He scorned 

To let their private purposes incline 

His counsels ; and, believing Spain subdued, 

Smiled, in the pride of power and victory, 

Disdainful at the thought of further strife. 

Howbeit he held Pelayo at his court, 

And told liim, that, until his countrymen 

Submissively sliould ]ay their weapons down, 

He from his children and pateninl hearth 

Apart must dwell ; nor hope to see again 

His native mountains and their vales beloved, 

Till all the Asturian and Cantabrian hills 

Had bowed before the Caliph : Cordoba 

Must be his nightly prison till that hour. 

This night, by special favor from the ^Nfoor 

Asked and vouchsafed, ho passed without the walls, 

Keeping his yearly vigil : on this night. 

Therefore, the princely Spaniard could not fly, 

Being thus in .^^ti^ongest bonds by honor hehl ; 

Nor would he by his own escape expose 

To stricter bondage, or iK'likc to death, 

Count Pedro's son. The ancient enmity 

Of rival houses from Pelayo's heart 

Had, like a thing forgotten, passed away : 

He pitied cluld and parent, separated 

By the stem mandate of unfeeling power ; 

And almost with a father's i^ya.'i beheld 

The boy, his fellow in captivity. 



92 southey's roEMS. 

For young Alphonso was in truth an heir 

Of nature's largest patrimony ; rich 

In form and feature, growing strength of limb, 

A gentle heart, a soul affectionate, 

A joyous spirit filled with generous thoughts, 

And genius heightening and ennobling all. 

The blossom of all manly virtues made 

His boyhood beautiful. " Shield, gracious Heaven, 

In this ungenial season perilous,'* — 

Thus would Pelayo sometimes breathe in prayer 

The aspirations of prophetic hope, — 

" Shield, gracious Heaven, the blooming tree ; and 

let 
This goodly promise, for thy people's sake. 
Yield its abundant fruitage ! " 

When the Prince, 
With hope and fear and grief and shame disturbed 
And sad remembrance, and the shadowy light 
Of days before him, thronging as in dreams, 
Whose quick succession filled and overpowered 
Awhile the unresisting faculty. 
Could, in the calm of troubled thoughts subdued, 
Seek in his heart for counsel, his first care 
Was for the boy ; how best they might evade 
The Moor, and renegade's more watchful eye ; 
And, leaving in some unsuspicious guise 
The city, through what unfrequented track 
Safeliest pursue with speed their dangerous way. 
Consumed in cares like these, the fleeting hours 
Went by. The lamps and tapers now grew pale, 



RODERICK, THR LAST OF THE GOTHS. 93 

And through the eastern window slanting fell 

The roseate rav of mom. Within those walls 

Returning day restored no cheerful sounds 

Or joyous motions of awakening life ; 

But in the stream of light the speckled motes, 

As if in mimicry of insect play., 

Floated with mazy movement. Sloping down 

Over the altar passed the pillared beam, 

And rested on the sinful woman's gnivc 

As if it entered tliere, a light from heaven. 

" So be it ! " cried Pelayo, ** even so ! " 

As in a momentary interval, 

When thought, expelling thought, had letl his mind 

Oi)en and passive to the influxes 

Of outward sense, his vacant eye was there, — 

" So be it, heavenly Father, even so ! 

Thus may thy vivifying goodness shed 

Forgiveness there; for let not thou the groans 

Of dying penitence, nor my bitter prayers 

Before thy mercy-seat, be heaiil in vain ! 

And thou, poor soul, who, from the dolorous house 

Of weeping and of pain, dost look to me 

To shorten and assuage thy ]>enal term, 

Pardon me tliat these hours in other thou<:hts 

And other duties than this garb, tiiis ni*i;h{ 

Enjoin, should thus havr passed ! Our niothci land 

Exacted of my heart the sacrifice ; 

And many a vigil must thy son perform 

Henceforth in woods and mountain fastnc^ssc:' 

And tented fields, outwatehing for her sake 



94 southey's poems. 

The starry host, and ready for the work 
Of day, before the sun begins his course." 

The noble Mountaineer, concluding then 
With silent prayer the service of the night, 
Went forth. Without the porch, awaiting him. 
He saw Alphonso pacing to and fro 
With patient step, and eye reverted oft. 
He, springing forward when he heard the door 
Move on its heavy hinges, ran to him. 
And welcomed him with smiles of youthful love. 
" I have been watching yonder moon," quoth he, 
" How it grew pale and paler as the sun 
Scattered the flying shades. But woe is me ! 
For on the towers of Cordoba the while 
That baleful crescent glittered in the mom, 
And with its insolent triumph seemed to mock 
The omen I had found. Last night I dreamt 
That thou wert in the field in arms for Spain, 
And I was at thy side : the infidels 
Beset us round, but we with our good swords 
Hewed out a way. Methought I stabbed a Moor 
Who would have slain thee ; but with that I woke 
For joy, and wept to find it but a dream." 

Tlius as he spake, a livelier glow o'erspread 
His cheek, and starting tears again suffused 
The brightening lustre of his eyes. The Prince 
Regarded him a moment steadfastly. 
As if in quick resolve ; then, looking round 



RODERICK, THE LJLST OF THE GOTHS. 95 

On evezj side with keen and rapid glance. 
Drew him within the church. A]phon?o*s heart 
Throbbed with a jojful boding as he marked 
The calmness of Pelavo*s countenance 
Kindle with solemn thoughts, expressing now 
High purposes of resolute ho|>e. He gazed 
All eagerlj to hear what most he wished. 
" If," said the Prince, " iliy dream Mere verified. 
And I indeed were in the field in arms 
For Spain, wouldst thou be at Pelayo's side ? 
If 1 should break these lK>iids, and tlv to rear 
Our country's banner on uur native hills, 
Wouldst thou, Alphonso, share my dangerous fiight, 
Dear boy ! — and wilt thou take thy lot with me 
For death or for deliverance ? " 

"Shall I swear?" 
Replied the impatient boy ; and, laying hand 
Upon the altar, on his knee he hewU 
Looking towards Pelayo with such joy 
Of reverential love, as if a God 
Were present to receive the eai:or vow. 
^ ^2Ly^ quoth Pelayo: ^ what hast thou to do 
With oaths? Bright emanation a< thou art. 
It were a wrong to thy unsullifd suul, 
A sin to nature, were I to require 
Promise or vow from thee I Enough for me 
That thy heart answers to the stirring call. 
Alphonso, follow thou in happy faith 
Alway the indwelling voice that roundels thee; 
And then, let fall the L^ue as it may, 



96 SOUTHEy's POEMS. 

Shall all thy paths be in the light of Heaven, 
The peace of Heaven be with thee in all hours," 

"How then," exclaimed the boj, "shall I dis- 
charge 
The burden of this happiness, — how ease 
My overflowing soul ? O gracious Grod I 
Sliall I behold my mother's face again, 
My father's hnll, my native hills and vales, 
And hear the voices of their streams again, 
And, free as I was born amid those scenes 
Beloved, maintain my country's freedom there; 
Or, failing in the sacred enterprise, 
Die as becomes a Spaniard ? " Saying thus, 
He lifted up his hands and eyes toward 
The image of the Crucified, and cried, 
" O Thou who didst with thy most precious blood 
Redeem us, Jesu ! help us while we seek 
Earthly redemption from the yoke of shame 
And misbelief and death." 

The noble boy 
Then rose, and would have knelt again to- clasp 
Pelayo's knees, and kiss his hand in act 
Of homage ; but the Prince, preventing this, 
Bent over him in fatherly embrace, 
And breathed a fervent blessing on his head. 



RODERICK, THE LAST OF TIU: GOTHS. 97 



IX. 

FLORINDA. 

INHERE sate a woman like a supplicant, 
Muffled and cloaked, before Pelayo's gate, 
Awaiting when he slK)uld return tliat morn. 
She rose at his approach, and bowed her head, 
And, with a low and trembling utterance, 
Besought him to vouchsafe her speech witliin 
In privacy. And wlien they were alone, 
And the door^ closed, she kneh and clasped his 

knees. 
Saying, "A boon! a boon ! This night, O Prince I 
Hast thou kept vigil for thy motiier*s soul : 
For her soul's sake, and for the soul of him 
Whom once, in happier days, of all nmnkiiid 
Thou heldest for thy chosen bosom friuud, — 
Oh, for the sake of his poor suifiM-ing sou]. 
Refuse me not ! '' 

" I low should I dare refiiM?, 
Being thus adjured ? " he answere<l. " Thy rcrjuest 
Is granted, wonmn, be it what it may, 
So it be lawful, and within the bounds 
Of possible achievement : auglit inifif 
Thou wouldst not with these adjuration^ si'ck. 
But who thou art, I marvel, tiiat (lo>t tinwh 
Upon that string, and ask in Roderick's name ! " 
She bared her face, and, looking up, replied, 
vou uu H 



98 80UTHEY*S POEMS. 

" Florinda ! ** Shrinking then, with both her hands 
She hid herself, and bowed her head abased 
Upon her knee, as one who, if the grave 
Had oped beneath her, would have thrown Lersel^ 
Even like a lover, in the ai'ms of Death. 

Pelayo stood confused : he had not seen 
Count Julian's daughter since, in Roderick's court, 
Glittering in beauty and in innocence, 
A radiant vision in her joy she moved ; 
More like a poet's di'eam, or form divine. 
Heaven's prototype of perfect womanhood^ 
So lovely was the presence, than a thing 
Of earth and perishable elements. 
Now had he seen her in her winding-sheet. 
Less painful would that spectacle have proved: 
For peace is with the dead, and piety 
Bringeth a patient hope to those who mourn 
O'er the departed ; but this altered face. 
Bearing its deadly sorrow charactered. 
Came to him like a gha-t, which in the grave 
Could find no rest. He, taking her cold hand. 
Raised her, and would have spoken ; but his tongui: 
Failed in its othcc, and could only speak 
In undertones eompassionate her name. 

The voice of pity soothed and melted her; 
And when the Prince bade her be comforted. 
Proffering hi> zealous aid in whatsoe'er 
Blight please her to appoint, a feeble smile 



SODF.K1CC THE LJL5T OF THE GOTHSs. i*!* 

Reqohe ibe«. Pnikci^ ! ~ she answered. *- All I ask 

A lc>uik«ii bc^rx. in prajrr a:»c lur^Vit h.^j^o. 
Mat wah ibr iis drlivrriijc^r- Even ir.;* 

Grw& vhkh are kn-.iwn tco viirlv asd :(k» veil 
I need doc now rememr-er. I e;<iM r-or 
PriTatkw of all Chrisiian oriiniiict^ : 
The woe which kills hath savc<d luc uni. and made 
A temple of tlus ruined talirniaoJe. 
Wbrivin red e eming God doib no: diMLiin 
To let lus presence shine. And I oiu-d U'ar 
To «ee ihe turban on mv faiherV briiw. — 
SorT\>v bejond all sorrows. ^i»:ulU' of ^liames, 
T« to be borne. — while I. with :-;ir» ttf Mix»i 
An«i ihroe« of a^onj, in his l»:li.ili* 
Implore and wrestle wiih oflVii.ii-i H» :ivrn. 
Thi- I have borne re-iir.t-d: 1 ii: i»:hvr lil-. 
And worse, assail me now; ihv uhioh ii> U-ar. 
If to aroid be possibit:. \vu.:'..i dr-.ov 
Damnation down. On<i^. :hr i»-r:urt^i Priost» 
The apostate Orytt*, ohiini^ nu- lur his briao. 
Obdurate as he i«^ the wrt-toh {'iMtazu-s 
Mt sacred woe, and woc»e> mv lo Li- It^i. 
The thing I am, — the living dtvi:';. :itiKi s^^st!** 

•• Miscreant ! " exclaimed Pi-Iavo. " Mi 1:11: 1 moH 
That renegado, sword to ciiiu-ior. 



100 



aouTHEY'a poeua. 



In open fiuld, never did man sppronch 
The altar for the sacriflce in fnith 
More sure, tlinn I should hi^ir the villnin doiM 
But how should Julian favor hh demand? 
Julian, wlio hath so pflsaiooitlely loved 
His child, so dreadftiUj revenged her wnm 

"■ Count Julian," she replied, " halh none b 
And it halh, therefore, been his heart's desira 
To see his andent line by me preserved. 
TliJH was their covenant, when, in fftlal hour ^ 
For Spain and for themselves, in traitorous b 
Of union they combined. My father, slung 
.To madness, only thought of how to make 
His vengeance sure : the Prelate, calm and cool. 
When hp renounced liis outward faith in (. 
Indulged at once hia halrod of iho King, 
His inbred wickedness, and a haughty hopt, \ 
Vei-sed as he was in treasons, to diroct 
The invadei-s by hU secret policy, ' 

And at their head, aided by Julian's power, 
Reign m a Moor upon that ibrone lo which 
The [iricslly order eUe liad barred liis way. 
The Alrieun halh conquered for himself; 
But Orpas uovetclh Count Julian's landj, 
And claims to luive the covenant performed. ^ 
Friendle«^. and worse than futherleiis, I eomfl 
To thee for succor. Send nic secretly, — 
For well I know alt fiulhful liearb» must be 
At thy devotion, — witit a trus^ gnide 



HODERICK, THE LAST OF THE GOTHS. 101 

To guanl me on the way, that I may reach 

Some Chrbtian land, where Christian rites are tree. 

And there discharge a vow, ahis I too long. 

Too fatalljy dekiyed. Aid nie in this 

For Boderick*s sake, Pelavo ! and tliv name 

Shall be remembered iu my hit est pniyer." 

•* Be* comforted!" the Prince replied; but» when 
He «pake of comfort, twice did he break oiY 
The idle words, foeling tliat earth Imd none 
For grief so irremediable as liei*s. 
At length he took her hand, and pressing it. 
And forcing through involuntary tears 
A mournful smile affectionate, he said, 
''Say not that thou art friendless while I live! 
Thou couldst not to a readier ear have told 
Thy sorrows, nor have asked in litter hour 
What for my country's honor, for my rank, 
My faith, and sacred knighthood, I am bound 
In duty to perform ; which not to do 
Would show me undeserving of the names 
Of Goth, Prince, Christian, even of I^Ian. Tlii? 

day, 
I^ady, prejiare to take thy lot with me, 
And, soon as evening closes, meet me here. 
Duties bring blessings with them ; and I hold 
Thy coming for a happy augury. 
In Mb most awful crisis of my fate." 



L02 southet's pobms. 



X. 
RODERICK AND FLORINDA. 

With sword and breastplate, under rustic weeds 
Concealed, at dusk Pelayo passed the gate, 
Florinda following near, disguised alike. 
Two peasants on their mules they seemed, at eve 
Returning from the town. Not distant far, 
Alphonso by the appointed orange-grove, 
With anxious eye and agitated heart. 
Watched for the Prince's coming. Eagerly, 
At every foot-fall, through the gloom he strained 
His sight ; nor did he recognize him when 
The Chieftain thus accompanied drew nigh ; 
And, when the expected signal called him on. 
Doubting this female presence, half in fear 
Obeyed the call. Pelayo, too, perceived 
The boy was not alone : he not for that 
Delayed the summons ; but, lest need should be. 
Laying hand upon his sword, toward him bent 
In act soliciting speech, and, low of voice, 
Inquired if friend or foe. " Forgive me," cried 
AJphonso, ** that I did not tell thee this, 
Full as I was of happiness before. 
'Tis Hoya, servant of my father's house, 
Unto who>e dutiful care and love, when sent 
To this vile bondage, I was given in charge. 
How could I look ujHjn my father's face, 



UODBRlCKy THE LAST OF THE GOTHS. 103 

If I had in my joy deserted him, 

Who was to me found failhtul ? '' — « Riglu I " replied 

The Prince ; and, viewing Iiim with silent joy, 

" Blessed the 3Iother," in his heart he said, 

** Who gave thee birth ! but sure of womankind 

Most blessed she whose hand her happy stars 

Shall link with thine ! " And with that thought the 

form 
Of Hermesind, his daughter, to his >oul 
Came in her beauty. 

Soon, by devious tracks, 
They turned aside. The favoring moon ai-ose, 
To guide them on their flight through upland paths 
Remote from frequentuge, and dales rL'tirtid, 
Forest and mountain glen. Before tluMr ttM^t 
The fire-fliesy swarming in the woo<]laiid shade. 
Sprung up like sparks, and twinkled round their 

way ; 
The timorous blackbird, starting at their step. 
Fled from the thicket with shrill note of fear ; 
And far below them in the peopled di^ll, 
Wlien all the soothing sounds of eve had ceased. 
The distant watch-dog's voice at times was heard. 
Answering the nearer wolf. All throii>;h the night, 
Among the hills they travelled silently ; 
Till when the stars were settin<^, at what hour 
The breath of Heaven is eoUlest, they beheld 
Within a lonely grove the expected tire, 
Where Roderick and his comi-ade an.viou^lv 
Looked for the appointed meeting. Halting there. 



104 SOUTH et's poems. 

They from the burden and the bit relieved 
Their patient bearers, and around the fire 
Partook of needful food and grateful rest. 

Bright rose the flame replenished ; it illumed 
The cork-tree's furrowed rind, its rifts and swells, 
And redder scars, and, where its aged boughs 
O'erbowered the travellers, cast upon the leaves 
A floating, gray, uni-^^lizing gleam. 
Alphonso, light of heart, upon the heath 
Lay carelessly dispread, in happy dreams 
Of home ; his faithful Iloya slept beside. 
Years and fatigue to old Siverian brought 
Easy oblivion ; and the Prince himself, 
Yielding to weary nature's gentle will. 
Forgot his cares awhile. Florinda sate 
Beholding Roderick with fixed eyes intent. 
Yet unregardant of the countenance 
Whereon they dwelt ; in other thoughts absorbed, 
Collecting fortitude for what she yearned. 
Yet trembled to perform. Her steady look 
DisturlKMl the Groth, albeit he little weened 
AVlmt agony awaited him that hour. 
Her face, well-nigh as changed as his, was now 
Half hidden, and the lustre of her eye 
Extinct ; nor did her voice awaken in him 
One startling recollection when she spake, 
So altered were its tones. 

** Father," she said, 
"All thankful as I am to leave behind 



BODKRICK, THE LAST OK TIIK OOTIiH. lOA 



The unliappy walirt of Ctmlohn, not ]<;-•< 
Of consolation doth my h(*ai't rt-rt-'iyf. 
At !si;rht of one to wliom I niav (]l-f'lo-<7 
Th« sin-j which troiib!*; rn^r. an 'I ;ir hi^ |i:«;i 
Lav down repentantly, in J«;-ij% n^irn'*, 
The burden of my •pirii. Jn iii- nanie 
Hear me, and f<iur i:i:o a wo'j/j'J*;'! 'OjI 
Tlie ba 1 m of i»iou - '.-o'i n •*: ! . "' S :*•• i .'.;.':/- -j 

a • • 

She drew toward Tfie r:;!. '*]-•':.' o: :- - « i. 

He arx-w*r— L "S -:--■■ '-r *•-. - •:. 

-p. ■.. 






* - 



'^il* I* m'* *■ 



T-.»- :•»■•• r* .;■-, 

F ^ * — . L:ii! :• Tr- - - 

•»r ;:.- n*' iix« if-r u-o- 



' 4- 






■-•^ ..V* **>''* 



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C- ' . 



106 southey's poems. 

Breathing a short and silent prayer to Heaven, 
While, as a penitent, slie wrought herself 
To open to his eye her hidden wounds. 

" Father," at length she said, " all tongues amid 
This general ruin shed their bitterness 
On Roderick, load his memory with reproach, 
And with their curses persecute his soul." 
" Why shouldst thou tell me this ? " exclaimed the 

Goth, 
From his cold foreheiid wiping, as he spake. 
The death-Hke moisture, — " why of Roderick's 

gnilt 
Tell me ? Or thinkest thou I know it not ? 
Alas ! who hath not heard the hideous (ale 
Of Roderick's shame? Babes learn it from their 

nurses ; 
And children, by their mothers unreproved. 
Link their fii*st execrations to his name. 
Oh, it hatli cauglit a taint of infamy, 
Tliat, like Iscariofs, through all time shall last, 
Reeking and fresh for ever ! " 

« There ! " she cried, 
Drawing her body backward where she knelt. 
And stretching forth her arms with head up- 
raised, — 
" Tliere ! it pursues me still ! I came to thee, 
Father, for comfort, and thou heaj)est fire 
Upon my head. But hear me patiently, 
And let me undeceive thee : self-abased, 



RODERICK, THE LAST OF THE GOTHS. 107 

Not to arraign another do I come ; 
I come a ^If-accuser, self-condemned 
To take upon myself the pain deserved. 
For I liave drunk the cup of bitterness ; 
And, having drunk therein of heavenly grace, 
I must not put away the cup of shame." 

Thus as she spake, she faltered at the close, 
And in that dying fall her voice sent forth 
Somewhat of its original sweetness. " Thou ! 
Thou self-abased!" exclaimed tlie aslonislied King; 
** Thou self-condemned ! the cup of shame for thee ! 
Thee, thee, Florinda!" But the very excess 
Of passion checked his speech, restraining thus 
From further transport, which had haply else 
Mastered him ; and he sate like one entranced, 
Gazing upon that countenance so fallen, 
So clianged : her face, raised from its mufller now. 
Was turned toward him, and the fire-light shone 
Full on its mortal paleness ; but the shade 
Concealed the King. 

She roused him fi-om the spell 
Which held him like a statue motionless. 
•*Thou, too," quoth she, ** dost join the general curse, 
Like one, who, when he sees a felon's grave, 
Casting a stone there as he pa>«ses by, 
Adds to the heap of shame. Oh ! what are we. 
Frail creatures as we are, that we should sit 
In judgment, man on man ? and what were we. 
If the All-merciful should mete to us 



108 southey's poems. 

With the same rigorous measure wherewithal 

Sinner to sinner metes ? But God be1u9lds 

The secrets of the heart, — therefore his name 

Is Merciful. Servant of Grod ! see thou 

The hidden things of mine, and judge thou then 

In charity thy brother wlio hath fallen. 

Nay, hear me to the end ! I loved the King, — 

Tenderly, passionately, madly loved him. 

Sinful it was to love a child of earth 

With such entire devotion as I loved 

Roderick, the heroic Prince, the glorious Goth I 

And yet methought this was its only crime, 

The imaginative passion seemed so pure: 

Quiet and calm like duty, hope nor fear 

Disturbed the deep contentment of that love. 

He was the sunshine of my soul ; and, like 

A flower, I lived and flourished in his light. 

Oh, bear not with me thus impatiently ! 

No tale of weakness this, that in the act 

Of penitence, indulgent to itself, 

With garrulous palliation half repeats 

The sin it ill repents. I will be brief, 

And shrink not from confessing how the love. 

Which thus began in innocence, betrayed 

My unsuspecting heart ; nor me alone, 

But him, before whom, shining as he shone 

AVith whatsoe'er is noble, what-ioe'er 

Is lovely, whatsoever good and great, i 

I was as dust and ashes. Ilim, alas I 

This glorious being, this exalted Prince, 



, ^- - 



1- - 



S- -1 



J*" *' ■ir'.'*^:.? ■" ••--_ ''JL'~^^^' ~ 






,.j-"*. * j • 1 -Til':*- "•■■r. :." « - ." .-» 

I»-Tr-n.:~ u:»: ;-. 1 -t — - ■ 
7*1^ -. -J -iT'-^.ai J - • . . 

JL:»L -oiiMr-^: "Ui;:— ;..':.: -i- ■ — . 

T*!*- .r"»-r 11*' L T iiiii.Hr r J" ••.:"■ :. ■ ^" .>> 

T> XT • ••. - irt — n.^: -r*:- -: - .■ < 

A', t.zi'9- i*^ zf-w .:.:•:-- 1 . v . ^^ 

T:- "u: . zT* "=:'T": i-'ii : ■ ■ • ■ . - 
Itj ":»-^»- '--=* TtiTtiusTr ■•• ■ ".. N 

3!..:".: r-:w ::■ v.j ar. *.".-* . r • - 

AH :h»:r vik: naiup- v-.^k-. A - v.-.v. ' 
E\uf»nini health di<«a.^-> "{.■... \ wv»:;ii ' 



110 southey's poems. 

And the slight bias of untoward chance 
Makes his best virtue from the even line, 
With fatal declination, swerve aside. 
Ay, thou mayst groan for poor mortality, — 
Well, Father, mayst thou groan ! 

" My evil &te 
Made me an inmate of the royal house ; 
And Roderick found in me, if not a heart 
Like his, — for who was like the heroic Goth? — 
One which at least felt his surpassing worth, 
And loved him for himself A little yet 
Bear with me, reverend Father, for I touch 
Upon the point ; and this long prologue goes, 
As justice bids, to palliate his offence. 
Not mine. The passion, which I fondly thought 
Such as fond sisters for a brother feel, 
Grew day by day, and strengthened in its growth, 
Till the beloved presence had become 
Needful as food or necessary sleep, — 
My hope, light, sunshine, life, and every thing. 
Thus lapped in dreams of bliss, I might have lived 
Contented with tliis pure idolatry, 
Had he been happy : but I saw and knew 
The inward discontent and household griefs 
AVIiich he subilued in silence ; and, alas ! 
Pity with admiration mingling then. 
Alloyed and lowered and humanized my love, 
Till to the level of my lowliness 
It brought him down ; and in this treacherous heart 
Too often the repining Uiought arose. 



KODEIUCK, THE LAST OF THE GOTHS. Ill 

Urn, if Fiorinda had been Roderick's Qaeeiiy 
Thea loight domestic peace and Lappine»s 
Have ble»t bis borne and crowned our wedded lorea.. 
Too often did thai sinlul thought rc-cur ; ri * ^ ' 
Too feeblj the temptation was repclk-J. '•. ' ' 

^ See, Father, I have probed mj inmost soul ; 
Hare searched to its n:motest source the sin; 
Andy tracing it through all ii> >[»eciou> lbrm> 
Of £Kkr dx?gui9emenu I p^r^enl ii nuw. 
Even as it lies before the eve ut' God. 
Bare and exposed, oonrieied and condemned. 
One eve, as in the bowers' which overhang 
The ^n m-here Tagus ruUs between Lis rocks 
I roamed alone, akrtie I met the King. 
His countenance wa» troubled, and his speech 
Like that of one whose toij"ije. to li^ht discourse 
Ax fits caoastrained. betravs a heart di^tu^bed: 
I, too, albeii uncoIl^ciou^ of his liiuughts, 
With anxious looks rereal<.'d \x liut wandering words 
la Tain esaaved to hide. A liiile while 
Did this o|ipreasive intercourse eii'Jure, 
Till our eyes met in ?ilen(.^'. each to each 
Tcllin;; their mutual tale, then c4:>iiM.-iuu>lv 
Together fell abashed. He tot.*k mv hand. 
And said. * Florinda, would that thou and I 
Earlier had met! Oh, what a bli>M'ul lut 
Had then been mine, who niighi h:ive tuund in 

thee 
Tbe sweet companion and the friend endeared, 



112 80UTUEY*S POEMS. 

A fruitful wife and crown of earthly joys ! 

Thou, too, siiouldst then have been of womankind 

Happiest, as now the loveliest.' And with that. 

First giving way to passion first disclosed, 

He pressed upon my lips a guilty kiss, — 

Alas ! more guiltily received than given. 

Passive and yielding, and yet self-reproached, 

Trembling I stood, upheld in his embrace ; 

When coming steps were heard, and Roderick said, 

* Meet me to-morrow, I beseech thee, here. 

Queen of my heart ! Oh, meet me here again. 

My own Florinda, meet me here again ! ' 

Tongue, eye, and pressure of the impassioned hand, 

Solicited and urged the ardent suit ; 

And from my hesitating, hurried lips 

The word of promise fatally was drawn. 

O Roderick ! Roderick ! hadst thou told me all 

Thy purpose at that hour, from what a world 

Of woe had thou and I" — The bitterness 

Of that reflection overcame her then. 

And choked her speech. But Roderick sate the 

while 
Covering his face with both his hands close-pressed, 
His head bowed down, his spirit to such point 
Of sufferance knit as one who patiently 
Awaits the uplifted &word. 

" Till now," said she, 
Resuming her confession, '* I had lived. 
If not in innocence, yet self-deceived. 
And of my perilous and sinful state 



^m « ' ri« 'i^-^^^ k ^^ A ^m X ■mm'm^^^ » « i« M JL 5 « « « •*■ ^ « ^ « 






•4 



I- ... - -X* "■ 

Tbua. a? 1 tliuu::hi. av>v:ui-i:>i:i\i. 1 ';ilii\(H2 
My «oul was' otiiu. aim '.iiai iIh- praiv i : lloavon 
DefoeDiied u> aixv|ii uiid Mc'» iii v \ ow ; 
And in this taiiLu prt'it:irt\l (o iMii>uinir.a:c 
The ^acnl]ct^ 1 went to nui't ()u> Kini:. 
See, father, what a >naiv had S:iiaii hiuW 
For Rmlerick eaine to ti'll mo that ihc ( innvh 
Fruin his untruiltul bed wmild m'I liiin iVt r. 
And I should be his Queen. 

"i>h Km mv rloM' 
The dreadful lalc! I told him of niv vow ; 
And from sincere and seru}»nloii> piciv. 
But morct I fear me, in that ilcsprratr mood 
Of obstinate will jKTverse, the whitli, with pride 
Andisliumc and self-ivpixtarli, doth mhiu limrs niiik<4 
A wonmn':» tongue, her own wm-^i riimn, 
Uuu counter to her dearest hi'nrtV doirr, — 
In that unhappy mood did 1 ri'>i.st 

VOU IX. I 



114. SOUTHEV'S POEMS. 

All his roost earnest prayers to let the power 

Of holy Churcli, never more rightfully 

Invoked, he said, than now in our hehalf, 

Release us from our fatal bonds. He urged 

AVith kindling warmth his suit, like one whose life 

Hung on the issue ; I dissembled not 

My cruel self-reproaches nor my grief, 

Yet desperately miiintained the rash resolve ; 

Till, in the passionate argument, he grew 

Incensed, inflamed, and maddened or |x>ssessed: 

For Hell too surely in that hour prevailed, 

And with such subtile toils enveloped him. 

That even in the extremity of guilt 

No guilt he purported, but rather meant 

An amplest recompense of life-long love 

For transitory wrong, which fate perverse — 

Thus madly he deceived himself — compelled, 

And therefore stern necessity excused. 

Here, then, O Father! at thy feet I own 

Myself the guiltier; for full well I knew 

These were his thoughts : but vengeance mastered 

And in mv jiwnv I cursed the man 
AVhom I lovi'd best." 

** Dost tliou recall that curse ? * 
Cried Roderick, in a deep and inward voice, 
Still with his head depressed, and covering still 
His counlenance. " Rc*oall it!" she exclaimed: 
** Fathrr. I come to thee becau^^e I gave 
The reins to wrath loo long, — because I wrought 



BODEJUCK. TH£ LAiT ^'F THE •:>-:• 7HS. ] li 



His rain, deazh. and iiifamT, O G\>i. 

Forgive ibe iiii.-kt*i xtrzi^vam^ iLu* iLi'^ii^^d, 

As I lonriTe iLe Kin2 '. Bui itacL iLr zit.vj 

Wha: nrparaiioo nK^rt iLai» itror* aiii i-rsTrr* 

Mav Dov U: ma'ie. ilow rhuA I vl::ii.'^:c 

m« iDJuivd name, and lake uiico xii ^ ^' :: ~ — 

' Daa^er of Julian." firmlv Le rt::.rl 

" Speak Dot of ihau I oLarje iL-r ! ^Jn iiLs fanie 

Tbe £iluop dre. tixc^J iijrfl'i«<>:al*:T. 

For ever will abide : so ix mxK Ikt, 

So sbouid lie. — 'lis Li? riirbiiai Mirii-hiaeii: ; 

AxkI ii~ 10 tbe fuU xneasunr of hi? ?i:i 

Tbe punis-bmexit LaxL lallrn. iLe m< ^rr our bope 

Tbat tbrouffb ibe bk^d of Jt:su; L'.- m:iv liijd 

That sin Jorgiven bim.'" 

Pan* ill J ilitrii. bf raised 
His band, and pointed wbrn.- Sivt:r::iL i:iy 
Stretcbed on ibe beaib. " Tu liia: oid Liiu:!." suid bttii 
** And 10 tbe motber of lije ULiuij'i'V LtxiIj. 
TelL if it please ibee. not v«L:ii :lr.iu l^a< j^^ured 
Into mv secTft ear, but tbat ibr -jli'li 
For whom tbev moom wiiJi a:i:rui>ii uiiul laved 
Sinned nut from vicious will or li>_':iri cvrrupi. 
Bat fell bv fatal cir<.*uui«ian'.'e be: ra vtrd. 
And if in vbaritv to tbein ib<.>u ^:ivVt 
Sumeihing to palliate, someibiiij to fxcu>e. 
An act ijft sudden frenz%'. i^heii tIjv FiviiJ 
OVrcame bim. tbou wilt du for Ki*i..rivk 
All be could ask tbee. all tliut o«tii i>«- June 
On earth, and all his spirit could endure.** 



116 southet's poems. 

Venturing towards her an imploring look, 
^ Wilt thou join with me for his soul in prayer ? * 
He said, and trembled as he spake. That voice 
Of sympathy was like Heaven's influence, 
Wounding at once and comforting the soul. 
" O Father, Christ requite thee ! " she exclaimed ; 
'*Thou hast set free the springs which withering 

griefs 
Have closed too long. Forgive me ! for I thought 
Thou wert a rigid and unpitying judge ; 
One whose stem virtue, feeling in itself 
No flaw of frailty, heard impatiently 
Of weakness and of guilt. I wronged thee, 

Father ! " 
With that she took his hand, and, kissing it, 
Bathed it with tears. Then in a firmer speech, 
" For Roderick, for Count Julian, and myself, — 
Three wretchedest of all the human race. 
Who have destroyed each other and ourselves. 
Mutually wronged and wronging, — let us pray ! " 



XI. 
COUNT PEDRO'S CASTLE. 

Twelve weary days with unremitting speed, 
Shunning frequented track.*, the travellers 
Pursued their way : the mountain-path they choee, 



HODESICK, THE LAST OF TllE GOTHS. 117 

The tbreat or ihe loneb' heath wide-^pivad, 
Where ciatua-c^hnibs sole seen exluiled at noon 
Their tine balsamic odor all aruund ; 
Strewed with their blos>oiu<, frail as bi.'auiilul. 
The thirsty &oil at eve ; and when the sun 
Relumed the gladdened earili. opening anew 
Their fetores exuberant, prodigid as trail, 
Whitened auain the wilderness. Thev left 
The dark Sierra's skirts behind, and crossed 
The wilds where Ana in her native hills 
Collects her sister-springs, and hurries on 
Her course melodious amid loveliest glens, 
With forest and with fruitage overbowered. 
These scenes, profusely blest by Heaven, they left. 
Where o*er the hazel and the quince the vine 
Wide-mantling spreads, and, clinging round the 

cork 
And ilex, hangs amid their dusky leaves 
Garhiiids of brightest hue, witii ivddtMiing fruit 
Pendent, or clusters cool of glassy green. 
So holding on o*er mountain and o'er vale, 
Tagus they crossed, where, midland on his way. 
The King of Rivers rolls his stately ^tream ; 
And rude Alverchr^s* wide and stonv bed, 
And Duero distant far, and nianv a stream 
And many u field obscure, in future war 
For bloody theatre of famous deeds 
Foredoomed; and deserts whens in years to come, 
Shall populoiu towns arise, and crested towers 
And stately temples rem' their iieada on high. 



118 souTUEYS roEMs. 

Cauiivu^, with coarse circuitous, ilic^ abui 
The QoibRttlcd city, which, in eldest time, 
TUnc«-greatest Hermes built, ao liibles mj. 
Now sulijugalc, but ttued to behold 
Ere long ibe lieroic Prince (who, piueing noi 
Uiiktiown and siluiUly the dangerous tmck, 
Turns thilher hi^ regardniit eye) come down | 
Victorious from llie lieiglils, auU bear abroad i 
Her bouDertd Lion, syinbol tu llie Moor 
or rout and dcutli tluvugU iniiny an age of bl 
Lo, there the Asturimi hills ! Far in the WM 
Hugi? Rabouiil uiid Foncel>udun huge. 
Pre-eminent, iheir ginnt bulk display, 
Darkening with cai'lie.^l ^liade tho distant vrI 
or Luuu, and with evening {iremainre. 
Far iu Ciuitabria eastward, the lung line 
Extends beyond the readi of eagle's eye. 
When buoyant in oiid-heavcn llie bird of Jot4J 
Soars at his loRiest pitch, lii the nurlli, biifiiq 
The travellers the Erbnsian mountains rise. 
Bounding the laud beloved, their native land.fl 



How then, Alphonso, did thy «ager sool 
Chide the slow hours and painfil waj, 

seemed 
Lengthening lo grow before their lagging p 
Vuulh of heroic thought and high desire, 
'TIS not the spur of lul\y enieqirisc 
Tliat with uneiguAl tlirohbing hurries now 
The unquiet heart, now loukea it sink dismayvd} 






■".r ▼oar r lt "i-> r-ri' ' : - 



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Li-:: 1 .r_ ■ 



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ru-'i n lun.— ■- • r v :.-'v: •- .- :. 
If.'.iLJ lir "Ulll-f in.lli.'L- ■ .: • _-:•■-: - 



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tmsr -a*-i iiac iiLr-ir: — — ::: 
iiiL ^nmnsr t. -i^:;-:! r- v • 
5* }*imri-i t i»*r* '. :»-j:: 3 - - 
?**ret n iif* 6-;! >i '▼ 
i^iL ▼-uli* "r -Ui* ir.i:»i :..- : > 
L-ainf*-t xfc^ T'-:nj:»f-: -7'- ■; ..: 
Jit iBBir iai w jinn-^L ▼•.-•r 
^•-fiaur vTrt^ iir :•• nr-ii- :- 
Fran, ▼inni ii i^sun. r tit:- •• 
'^■Ul* n 112- lUbTi^r - x» •: - 

5ir inzzn^iiiin *ai-7 ir 1. - ■ - 
Sir HiDitf iulinpiur in ::i* r 



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120 sournET's pokms. 

Ilis lonely pastime ; neither could he hear 
Carol, or pipe, or shout of shepherd's boy, 
Nor woodman's axe ; for not a human sound 
Disturbed the silence of the solitude. 

Is it the spdiler's work ? At yonder door. 
Behold the favorite kidling bleats unheard ! 
The next stands open, and the sparrows there 
Boldly pass in and out. Thither he turned 
To seek what indications were within : 
The chestnut-bread was on the shelf; the chum, 
As if in haste forsaken, full and fresh ; 
The recent fire had mouldered on the hearth; 
And broken cobwebs marked the whiter space 
Where from the wall the buckler and the sword 
Had late been taken down. Wonder at first 
Had mitigated fear ; but Hoya now 
Returned to tell the symbols of good hope, 
And they pricked forward joyfully. Ere long, 
Perc<»ptible alx)ve the ceaseless sound 
Of yonder stream, a voice of multitudes, 
As if in loud acclaim, was heard far off; 
And, n(\iror as they drew, distincter shouts 
Came from the dell, and at Count Pedro's gate 
The human swarm were seen : a motley group — 
Maid^, mothers, helpless infancy, weak age. 
And wondering children and tumultuous boys, 
Hot youth and resolute manhood — gathered there^ 
In uproar all. Anon the moving mass 
Falls in half-circle back ; a general cry 



RODRRICK, TlIK LAST OF THE GOTHS. 121 

Bursts forth ; cxuUnnt arms are lifted up, 
And caps are thrown ulof^, a*^ throup^h th<^ gate 
Count Pedro's banner came. Alphonso shrieked 
For joy, and smote his steed, and galloped on. 

Fronting the gJite, the standard-bearer holds 
Ilij* pix»cious charge, Behind, the men divide 
In ordenid iiles; green lM)yhood pn^^ses there; 
And waning eld, pleading a yoiitht'ul soul, 
Entreats admis>ion. All is ardor here, 
Hope and brave jinqioses. and minds resolved. 
Nor when' the weaker sex is left apart 
I>jth aught of f<'ar find utt<'rariee; iliough perchance 
Some paler cheeks might then* be seen, some eyes 
Uig with sad bocling-i, and some- natural tears. 
Count Pechv/s war-horse in the va<*ant spare 
Strike* with impatient hoof the trodilrn turf, 
And g:i/ing round upon the martial show, 
Prond of ids stately tnippings, fling-i his head, 
Aud snorts and champs the bit, and, neighing shrill, 
Wjikes the near echo with his voice of i<iv. 
The l»age lMf>ide him hohN his master's spear 
And shielii and helmet. In the castle-irate 
Cnunt Peilro stands. Ins countenance re-;nlve<l, 
But mournful ; for Favinia on his arm 
Hung, passionate with her fears, and held him l>ack 
'*(fO not," she cried, "with this ch*ludejl crew I 
Shi' hath not, Pedro, with her frantic words 
Ikrreft thy faculty: slie is crazed with grief, 
\m\ her delirium hath infected these. 



122 southey's poems. 

But, Pedro, thou art calm ; thou dost not share 
The madness of the crowd ; thy sober mind 
Surveys the. danger in its whole extent, 
And sees the certain ruin : for thou know'st 
I know thou hast no hope. Unhappy man ! 
Why th'^n for this most desperate enterprise 
Wilt thou devote thy son, thine only child ? 
Not for myself I plead, nor even for thee : 
Thou art a soldier, and thou canst not fear 
The face of death ; and I should welcome it 
As the best visitant whom Heaven could send. 
Not for our lives I speak then, were they worth 
The thought of preservation ; Nature soon 
Must call for them ; the sword that should cut short 
Sorrow's slow work were merciful to us. 
But spare Alphonso ! there is time and hope 
In store for him. O thou who gjivest him life, 
Seal not his death, his death and mine at once ! " 

" Peace ! " he replied ; " thou know'st there is no 
choire. 
I did not raise the storm ; I amnot turn 
Its course aside : but, where yon banner goes, 
Thy Lonl must not be absent ! Spare me, then, 
Favinia. lest I hear thv honored name 
Now first attainted with deserved reproach. 
The l)oy is in GoiFs hands. He who of yore 
Walked with the sons of Judah in the fire, 
And from the lion's den drew Daniel forth 
Unhurt, c^m save him, — if it be his wilL* 




RODERICK, THE LAST OF THE GOTHS. 123 

Even as be spake, Ihc astoni^lied troop set up 
A shout of joy whioh rung through itll ihc hills. 
Alphonso heeds not how they brcnk their ranks 
And gather round to greet him : troii) liJs horse 
Predpitale and panting off he ?pririg:=. 
Pedro grew pale, and trembled nt lit^ sight ; 
Farinia ctasped her liaiids, and, looking up 
To Heaven as she embraced the boy, excbiimed, 
" Lord God, forgive me for my sinful feurs. 
Unworthy that I am ! My son, my sou ! " 



THE VOW. 

" Alwats I knew tbce for a gi'iierous foe, 
Pelayo!" said the Count; "and in our lime 
Of enmity, thou too, I kiww, didst fi-vl 
The feud between us was but of iIk- Jionse, 
Not of the heart Bretlireii in uinis iK'ni-etbrlh 
We stand or fall together; nor will 1 
Iiook to the event with one misgiving thought, — 
That were to prove myself unworthy now 
Of Heaven's benignant providence, tlii-^ hour. 
Scarcely by less than miracle, voiii-li>nfed. 
I will believe that we hnve days in siurc 
Ot hoi.c, iHiw ri-oii ugain aii from Ihe dead; 
iff of pon«nloui« violury; 



124 aODTHET'S rOEUS. 

Ye.n, maugre nil unlikelihuod;, of pcuoe. 

Let u^ llien, iiero indtseulubly knit 

Our Biitricnt houses, that iliose liiipp^ dayi 

Wlien ihcy arrive, may find us more thuii frieni 

Anil bounil hy closer tliiiii fraternal i 

Thou hast a daughter, Priace, to whom my beait 

Yearns now, as if in winning iufancy 

Hin* smilex hud been its daily food of love- 

I need not lell Ihee what Alphcinso is; 

Thou know'at ihe boy ! " 

" Already had lliAt hope,^ 
Replied PeNiyo, " risen williin my soul. 
Thou, wlio, in thy mercy, from the lioow 
Of Moorish Ixiiulngc hasi delirercd us, 
Fulfil the pioaa pu^po>^(^f< for which 
Here, in thy presence, iluis we pled^ our lianda 1 " 



eait u 



yittldlng 

-4 

dnptie*! ■ 



" Strange hour to plight espoujala 1 " yielding 

half 
To BuperHlilioud thoughts, Favinis cried, 
"And ihese strange witne«iae«I" — "Tbe liiM 

Strange," 
With ihoughtful speech composed her Lord repHe*| 
" And what thou seesi accords with ihem. This day 
Is wonderAiI ; nor could au-piciuus Meiiven 
With fairer or wliU fitter omen gild 
Our eiiterpViae, wh«ii, strong In lieart and h 
We take the field, preparing thus for woi^ 'i 
Of jiiety and love. Unwillingly 
I yielded to my peojilu's geuet»l voio^ 



BODOUCK. THE l^ST OF 7B£ GOTH?« lf<3 

Thinking tfaai «!»&. wiio vidi her powerfnl wonls 
To \his excess hftd ztnse*i aa-i kindiesi them. 
Spake fi««n the spini of her rnelV alone, 
Noc viih prophetic impulHr. Be that sin 
F<MviTe& me ! and the cairn and quitri !a::h. 
Which, in the place of increduiitv, 
Haih filled me. — now thai serrinsr I WlJeve, — 
Doth give at happj end to right 'X*us 0:1 u>e 
A pre!i«gey doc piresnmptuous. but a^^u^ed.^ 

Then Pedro toW Pelavo ht«w from vale 
To rale the exalted Ado^inda wtrzii. 
Exciting «ire and son, in holr war 
Conquering or dving. to secun? thrir place 
In Paradise ; and how reluctant 1 v. 
And mourning for his child, by his own act 
Thus doomed to death, he bade wiili lieair\' heart 
Hi* banner be brought forth. IX^void alike 
Of purpose and of hope himseh*. he meant 
To march toward the western Mountaineers, 
Where Odoar br his counsel nii::ht dirt'ot 
Their force conjoined. *• Xow,"* said he. •• wi musf 

haste 
To Cangass there, Pelayo. to secure, 
Wllh timelj speed, I trust in Gt>L thy house." 

Then, looking to his men, he oricil. " Hrin^ forth 
The armor which in Wamba** wars I wore." 
AIphon«o*9 heart leapt at the nu'^pirious word^. 
Count Pedro marked the risin;r irlow of jov : 



126 southey's poems. 

" Doubly to thee, Alphonso," he pursued, 
" This day above all other days is blest, 
From whence, as from a birthday, thou wilt date 
Thy life in arms." 

Rejoicing in their task. 
The servants of the house, with emulous love, 
Dispute the charge. One brings the cuirass, one 
The buckler ; this exultingly displays 
The sword ; his comrade lifts the helm on high ; 
The greaves, the gauntlets, they divide ; a spur 
Seems now to dignify the officious hand 
Which lor such service bears it to his Lord. 
Greek artists in the imperial city forged 
That splendid armor, perfect in their craft ; 
With curious skill they wrought it, framed alike 
To shine amid tlie pageantry of war, 
And for the pi'oof of battle. Many a time, 
Alphonso from his nurse's lap liad stretched 
His infant hands toward it eagerly, 
Where, gleaming to the central fire, it hung 
High in the hall ; and many a time had Tinshed, 
With boyish ardoi-, that the day were come 
When Pedro to his prayei*s would grant the booiiy 
His dearest heart's desire. Count Pedro then 
Would smile, and in his heart rejoice to see 
The noble instinct manifest itself 
Then, too, Favinia, with maternal pride. 
Would turn her eyes exulting to her Lord, 
And in that silent lan^'uafi'e bid him mark 
His spirit in his boy. All danger then 



RODERICK, THE LAST OF THE GOTHS. 127 

Was distant ; and, if secret forethougbi faint 
Of manhood*^ perils, and the chance of war. 
Hateful to mothers, passed across her mind« 
The ill remote gave to the present hour 
A heightened feeling of secure delight. 

No season this for old solemnities. 
For wassailry and sport : the hath, the bed. 
The vigil, — all preparaton* rites 
Omitted now, — here, in the face of Heaven, 
Before the vassals of his father s house, 
With them in instant peril to partake 
The chance of life or death, the heroic bov 
Dons his first arms ; the coated scales of steel 
Which o*er the tunic to his knees depend. 
The lKh«, the sleeves of mail : Itareheaded then 
He stood. But when Count Pt-ilro took the spurs, 
And bent his knee in service to Iiis son. 
AlphonsO from that geT^ture IkiU* dnrw back. 
Starting in reverence, and a deeper hue 
Spread o*er the glow of joy whieli tiu^hi'd his cheeks. 
" Do thou the rest, Pelayo ! " said ihtr Count ; 
^ So shall the ceremonv of thi< liour 
Exceed in honor wliat in form it lark^^/' 
The Prince from HovaV faithful hand received 
The sword; he girt it round the youth, and drew 
And placed it in his hand; un^heatiiin;; tlit-n 
His own ;:ood falchion, with its bunii^hcd hhide 
He touched Alplionso's neck, and witii a kiss 
Gave him his rank in arms. 



128 



SOnTBETS POEMS. 



Tlius long iho cs 
Had looked iiiteMll7 on, in silence liu^lmd ; 
Iioud atid continuous now nith one ncconl, 
Sliout following 9bout, llieir acclamnlion« ro«e ; 
Blessings wert? brcntlieil from every benrt ; anil joy, 
Powei-ful alike in all, wliioli, as wiih force 
Of an inebriating cui>, inspired 
Tbe youlldul, fmm ibe eye of age drew xet 
The uproar died awajr. when, standing forth) I 
Koiicrick, wiih lift«d baud, besought a pause ■ 
For speech, and moved towards the youlli. " t, Uxy, 
Young Baron," he began, " must do my pan j 
Not with prerogative of earthly power, 
But as tbe eervanl of the living God,- 
The God of Ho^ts. This day thou promis) 
To die, when honor rails ihee, for thy faith. 
For thy liege Lord, and for thy native land:^ 
The duties which at birth we all rontrnct. 
Are by tbe high proftsBion of this Iwur 
Made ihine especially. Thy nohic blood, 
The tlioughts with which thy childhood bath t 

ted. 
And ihinc own noble nature more thui aU, 
Are sureties for thee. But the«c dreadAil tl 
Df^tnnnil a liirther pledge : for it bath plea 
The Highest, as he tried bia Saints of old. 
So in the lieiy furnace of his wrath 
To prove and purify tbe sons of Spiun ; 
Aud tliey must knit their spirits to the pro 
Or Bink, for ever losL Hold forth thy swor 



rt; andjoy, 

-ce 

forth, ^^H 

'L "1,1001, ' 
parti 

miaei^^^H 
lith, ^^M 
and:-^^H 



ODEXXCS. THE X.A5T OF ?H£ teOTHsw 1^ 



Ti«e TOW vhJe&L in ToItOl's- ?*c>:-i Daai^. 
To """^g*** wish dele^cxi |%.>ncr.~ 



Wish reveressddd awe w&s Boorrick Ltr^Lrvi 
Ut mIL so Well aadjoritv becazue 
Tbaz mien and roke and counteiiocct: au>:c-r\^. 
Pelajo with complacent eje iHrht* id 
The nniooked-tbr inten^'^^aL and the Count 
Bends fowani Alpbonro Lis apprciving hv;ui. 
The Toath. obedient, loosened from bis U It 
The swonL and looking, while hi:^ Li*;iri U-at lk»U 
To Roderick. reTerently t^xpeotaiit stood. 

~0 noble Toothl** the Royal Goth pursiuni 
" Thy oountTT is in bonds : an impious toe 
Op p rcaaCtf her; he bring? with him stnuige laws, 
Scnuige language, evil cu>tom':. aiul faNe taith. 
And forces them on S^tain. Swt-ar that thy ^oul 
Will make no covenant with the^t' aeeurst. 
But that the sword eball be from tliis dav torih 
Thj children's portion, to be liandtHl doNMi 
From sire to sod, a Micrvd heritage. 
Through every generation, till the work 
Be done, and this insulted land hath drunk 
In sacrifice the last invaders blood ! ** 

'^Bear witness, ancient Mountains!** cried the 
youth, 

TOL. IX. K 



130 SOUTH ey's poems. 

"And ye, my native Streams, who hold your ooorsc 
For ever ! tliis dear Earth, and yonder Sky^ 
Be witness ! for myself I make the vow, 
And for my children's children. Here I stand 
Their sponsor, binding them in sight of Heaven, 
As by a new baptismal sacrament, 
To wage hereditary, holy war, 
Perpetual, patient, persevering war. 
Till not one living enemy pollute 
The sacred soil of Spain." 

So as he ceased. 
While yet toward the clear-blue firmament 
His eyes wore raised, he lifted to his lips 
The sword, with reverent gesture bending then. 
Devoutly kissed its cra^s. 

" And ye," exclaimed 
Roderick, as, turning to tiie assembled troop. 
He motioned with authoritative liand, — 
" Ye children of the hills, and sons of Spain ! " 

Through every heart the rapid feeling ran, — 
" For us ! " tlu'v answered all with one accord, 
And at the word they knelt : People and Prince, 
The young and old, the father and the son. 
At once they knelt ; with one accord they cried, 
*• For us, and for our seed ! " with one accord 
They crossed their fervent arms, and with bent head 
Jnclin3il toward that awful voice from whence 
The inspiring impulse came. The Royal Goth 
Made answer : ** I receive your vow for Spain 



BODERICK, THE LAST OF TIIK COTII5. IDI 

A.nd tor the Lord of Hosts : your ciuiso in g«KxL 
Go forward in his spirit and his strvngtli." 

Nc*er in Lis happiest hours hud Kcxh'rit'k 
With sach commanding majesty disjxMisr'd 
His princely gifls, as dignified liim now, 
When, with slow movement, solemnly nprai-«eil 
Toward the kneeling troop ho spread his arnm, 
As if the expanded soul diffu^rd it-if:ir, 
And carried to ail spirits with the wi 
Its effloent inspiration. Silf:ntly 
The people knelt ; and, when they r^x4'% fiwh awe 
Held them in silence, that th^: ea'jW- <-ry^ 
Who far ahoTe them, at hfs hi;^h^Mr n>;rht 
A ip^i scarce vUibltr. ^jT(yf\ round ,^rid r^ind, 
Wa.- heard liL- rinct ly ; a nd r h ^: moi j n f >j I ri -'•• t r'^a m, 
Whii"h trnm the distant irlen ^f-nr for? I. ir^ <roMnd>« 
WaiTrti :xpon fhe wind, jrew amWulf. 
la due 'iiwp hiu*h of teeltniTt i'i«^ riif^ \'aoa 
Of waters in die stillnft?»-« or* ri;t> v,\'sUu 



:;iu. 
cor:N r f.'. :.-ov 

TajkT :Nirtfal -riipnpft *fill ••nrinr^l. h'hti .mm, 
W!io ro :lip ruutlipm »*nrmni*f «»' hf iii* 
<3iid riirrwri inii iTunai "v**. 'Vi-;:iin]*-M, Tn^ 
3lkjani:" 



182 

For from llie forest verge a Iroop «ere seen 
Hns(«niitg toward Pedro's hall. Their fortrard 

Was ebef;ked when ihey beheld his banner spread, 
And saw his ordered spears in prompt array 
Mai-shiilled lo meet their coming. But the pride 
Of power and insolence of long command 
Pricked on iheir Chief prosumpiuous : " We are oome 
Late for prevention." cried the haugbly Moor, 
" Bui never lime more fll for punislimeni I 
Those unbelieving shivea must feel and knoir 
Their master's arm I On, fdthful Mua:«u] 
On, on, and hew clown ihe rebellious dogi. 
Then, as he spurred liis t'lccd, ** Allah 
Mahommed is his Prophet ! " he exclaimed, 
And led Ihe charge. 

Count Pedro mel the Cliief 
In lull career i he bore him from his horse 
A fill! spear's length upon the lant^e tmnsfiiedi 
Then, leaving in his breast the mortal *lm(t. 
Passed on, and, breaking through the turbaned fllea, 
Opened a path. Pela^o, who thai day 
Fought in the ranks afoot, for other war 
Yet unequipped, pursued and BmotA the f<M> 
But ever on Alphonso, at his side. 
Retained a watchful eye. The gallant boy 
Gave his good sword that hour ila earliest taste 
Of Moori^'h blood, — that sword, whwo hungry 



Moor, 

knoir I^^H 

)iii«r 

di 
[lflle«, 

4 



Through the fair o 



e of all his glorioua lii^Jj 



From that auspicious day, was fed so irelL 



ftODEBICK, THE LAST OF TIIK GOTHS. IHSi 



Clm4> was tbe Tictory now fur Spain achieved ; 

For the first fervor of their zeal inspired 

Tbe Hoaniaineer^ the pre&ence of their Chiefi, 

Tbe ^ght of all dear objects, all thznr tie.*. 

Tbe air tKer breathed, the soU wh^^r^rori thejr trod^ 

Don*. 'icTocioo. £kith a&i Lope ar.<l jo v. 

Azki iinie Lad ie nilsl^'.lr:^*:^* •*• --.'^.r.-^l 

la sO'rsL impe£aoQ« 'jCse: 's^ r*t*>::v-: 

tr loii -Cftaj 1:1*1 nzi*---' ..- :.• •-.'■rs'^ 

▼•11 -r** 

Tv: -L.'T'ji'Suijf Jdii -fii^^L * ; - 

l^K -.irr*-^ 11^ ITT : T. - 



A • 



• j« Ik^JS' 



■.»: 



j-T. 



A 

r^ 



IfT li#- =- 



184 SOUTHET'S F0BM8. 

I 

It sciirred him as it passed. The murderous Moor, 
Not tarrying to secure his vengeance, fled ; 
While he of milder mood, at Eudon's feet 
Fell, and embraced his knees. The Mountaineer 
Who found them thus, withheld at Eudon's voice 
His wrathful hand, and led them to his Lord. 

Count Pedro and Alphonso and the Prince 
Stood on a little rocky eminence 
Which overlooked the vale. Pedro had put 
His helmet off, and with sonorous horn 
Blew the recall ; for well he knew what thoughts, 
Calm as the Prince appeared and undisturbed, 
Lay underneath his silent fortitude. 
And how at this eventful juncture speed 
Imported more than vengeance. Thrice he sent 
The long-resounding signal forth, which rung 
From hill to hill, re-echoing far and wide. 
Slow and unwillingly his men obeyed 
The swelling horn's reiterated call. 
Repining that a single foe escaped 
The retribution of that righteous hour. 
With lingering step reluctant from the chase 
They turned, their veins fuU-swoln, their sinevrs 

strung 
For battle still, their hearts unsatisfied : 
Their swoixls were dropping still with Moorish 

blood ; 
And, where they wiped their reeking brows, the 

stain 



SODSSZOC THE LA^T OF TIIK GO'TilH, l^ii 



■>' Mxt^sa jpon* was I^f". But wK^n rh*^v cftm*: 

Ti*- -.« '•f* '• 7- ".''i' T :.-r. ..;-i: rf -ji -r.. ' r*^ 

Ti'^^ :.-T~' -^r. iniirr — in v \^ .»- . . ,. 

T-.- ■=■ "Hr^ ;: Fii— .:irr ■ - 



•i.".^ •■■ 



i ^ ■ * ■ 



- .•»■ .. ' 



- • — r 



.A .1 - 



Xjit 






•• 



S=-r c-i ^-''=- : 



186 southey's poems. 

Addressing Pedro and the Prince at once. 
Rolling from each to each his restless eyes 
Aghast ; ** the Moor can tell I had no choice. 
They forced me from my castle : in the fight 
They would have slain me. See, I bleed! The 

Moor 
Can witness that a Moorish cimeter 
Inflicted this : he saved me from worse hurt. 
I did not come in Jirms : he knows it all. 
Speak, man, and let the truth be known to clear 
My innocence ! " 

Thus as he ceased, with fear 
And rapid utterance, panting open-mouthed. 
Count Pedro half repressed a mournful smile, 
Wherein compassion seemed to mitigate 
His deep contempt. " IVIethinks," said he, " the 

Moor 
Might with more reason look himself to find 
An intercessor, than be called upon 
To play the pleader's part. Didst thou, then, save 
The Baron from thy comrades ? " 

" Let my Lord 
Show mercy to me," said the Mussulman, 
" As I am free from falsehood. We were left, 
I and another, holding him in charge : 
Mv fellow would have slain him when he saw 
How the fight fared ; I turned the cimeter 
Aside, and trust (hat Hfe will be the meed 
For life by me presented." 

« Nor shall thy trust," 



Myy^ 






Fran "»iHai« t-^ niTii*: t-.i^^ I'rirrr-. v\ 

Art k :ift it-jL' 

•'S'* -amtt inm "j^r»:- icirr—ri ■. •^.•.•* 

Tr.m. 'I'iriiinjL. iru;-^ -'.tr-i >;:i r.-. v- . 

>■ -U-- -iii- -"uuii-a iir'--!iiitfi:. "*"'-. v-ii; 
riA--r iiin»ur*-i ii«i u: *-:;-mJ. '• ■• - v i.- 
J .r l^uiistn, in ik.t ""^uitL i.- I v— :. 
J.iir iiiniir»-i n hh ':r- ■. »*ri v*-v f>-. 

I»;fXjir«- liilf-XL mil "jrl^Ulr^:. * 



r-j. 



^ i:.-! in«lfl X»UIIlfl .If*?! !:.•• -" r ^ 



t ..It. 



.^ w-i'i u»- »nnr»?— fir 



_ '^ iv::*. .- 









138 southey's poems. 

Our towns subdued, — our country overrun, ^- 
The people to the yoke of their new Lords 
Resigned in peace. Can I not mediate? 
Were it not better through my agency 
To gain such terms, — such honorable terras ? " 

'* Terms ! " cried Pelayo, cutting short at once 
Tliat dastard speech, and checking, ere it grew 
Too poweiful for restraint, the incipient wrath, 
Which, in indignant murmurs breathing round. 
Rose like a gatliering storm : *' learn thou what terms 
Asturias, this day speaking by my voice. 
Doth constitute to be the law between 
Thee and thy Country. Our portentous age, 
As with an earthquake's desolating force. 
Hath loosened and disjointed the whole frame 
Of social order, and she calls not now 
For service with the force of sovereign will. 
That which was common duty in old times. 
Becomes an arduous, glorious virtue now ; 
And every one, as between Hell and Heaven, 
In h'^Q election must be left to choose. 
Asturias asks not of thee to partake 
The cup which we have pledged ; she claims from 

none 
The dauntless fortitude, the mind resolved, 
Which only God can give : therefore such peace 
As thou canst find, where all around is war, 
She leaves thee to enjoy. But think not, Count, 
That, because thou art weak, one valiant arm. 



RODERICK, THE LAST OK Til II (iOTIlrt. \l\\* 

One generous spirit, muM \tt' lo^^i to Siuiin I 
The vassal ovu^ no 7<(:rvi(!fr to tii<- Lonl 
Who to hij Country floth xii'kiiowli'ik'f iniin-.. 
The ^ummoiL'S whirh thou hu-t not Utiut Ut ppiv«-, 
I and Coaut Vntlnj o\>rr thy doiuniii- 
Will «<rnd a}>ry>ad: th<: va--al* uho -^tt" il.Hir 

>*"■•'' rrc<r. :1t j^rA". *• J.-o;/. ^ii r.-j'..;.'.',.. . 



■ J- r f f • ■ ; 



/,' / 







Z iT"!^-— _ J&«f- "•■1 •" 






140 sootiiey's roE»B. 

Could shape U> utterance tlieir essiij-Fcl reptjTf 

Cunipnssion&tely Fcdro inter|ii>^ed : 

" Go, Buroit, tu tlie Castle," suitl ihu Count; 

" There IcL thy vrouiid be loukeii lu, and ooaa 

Thy littler mind lit leisure. Ix.'t this Moor 

Alttnd upon ihee tliere, and, when ihou wilt. 

Follow thy fortunes," To Pelayo ihen 

He turned, and snyin^ "All too lung, Prinfll 

Hath this unlooked-for coritUct held thee here/^ 

He bade Lis gallant men begin Ilieir march. 

FInshcd with success, and in auspit^ious hoort'j 
The Mountaineers set forth. Blessings luid pr^ 
Pursued tliem at their parting; anil the tears 
Which fell wei'c tears of fervor, not nf grief. " 
The sun was verging to the western slope 
Of Htflven ; but tlmy till midnight Imvelled a 
Renewing then at early ilawn their war, 
TliL-y held tlieir unremitting course from mom 
Till latest eve, such urgent i-iiusc impellad; 
And night had clostil uround, wbrn lo the t 
Where Sella in her ampler bud rccBives 
Pioniit'e eltvam they twme. Massive ttud bl 
Felayo's cattle there was seen, ita line* 
Ajii) battlements against the dii^p-bliic ckjr 
Distinct in solid darkness visible. 
No light is in ihe lower. Engcr to know 
The worst, and with that fnlnl ccrlwnty 
To terminate intolemblc dread, 
He spurred his courser forH-nnl. All his fean 



BODERICK^ THE LAST OF THE GOTHS. 141 

Too sarelr are fulfilled : for open stand 

Tbe doors, and mournfully at times a dog 

Fills with his howling the do'^erte*! hall. 

A moment orercome with wretchedness. 

Silent Pelayo stood ; recovering then. 

- Lord God,*" resigned he cried, " thy will be done ! * 



XIV. 
THE RESCUE. 

•* CouxT," said Pelavo, - Xatiiro hath assicnied 
Two sovereiOT remetlies for human irrief : 
Religion, surest, firmest. Arst and be^t. 
Strength to the weak, and to the wounded balm ; 
And strenuous ACtioa next. Think not I came 
With unprovided heart. My noble wife — 
In the last solemn wonls, the la*t tare well. 
With which she charged her secret me<-tiiirer — 
Told me. tliat, whntso'er wa- mv re-^filve, 
Slie bore a mind prepared. An«l well I know 
The evil, be it what it ma v. hath found 
In her a courage equal to the hour. 
Captivity or death, or what worse panjs 
She in her children mav be doomed to feel. 
Will never make that steady soul re]M*iit 
Its virtuous purpose. I, too, di^l not ca<t 
Mj single life into the lot, but knew 
These dearer pledges on the die wert> set ; 



142 southet's poems. 

And, if the worst have fallen, I shall but bear 

That in my breast, which, with transfigaring power 

Of piety, makes chastening sorrow take 

The form of hope, and sees in Death the friend 

And the restoring angel. We must rest 

Perforce, and wait what tidings night may brin^ 

Haply of comfort. Ho, there ! kindle fires, 

And see if aught of hospitality 

Cim yet within these mournful walls be found ! " 

Thus while he spake, lights were descried far off 
Moving among the trees, and coming sounds 
Were heard as of a distant multitude. 
Anon a company of horse and foot. 
Advancing in disorderly array. 
Came up the vale ; before them and beside, 
Their torches flashed on Sella*s rippling stream ; 
Now gleamed through chestnut groves, emerging 

now, 
0*er their huge boughs and radiated leaves 
Cast broad and bright a transitory glare. 
That sight inspired with strength the Mountaineers ; 
All sense of weariness, all wish for rest. 
At once were gone ; impatient in desire 
Of second victory, alert they stood ; 
And when the hostile symbols, which from far 
Imagination to their wish had shaped. 
Vanished in nearer vision, high-wrought hope. 
Departing, left the spirit palled and blank. 
No turbaned race, no sons of Africa, 



RODERICK, THE LAST OF THE GOTHS. 143 

Were they who now came winding up the vale, 
As waving wide before their horses* feet 
The torch-light floated, with its hovering glare 
Blackening the incumbent and surrounding night 
Helmet and breastplate glittered as they ainie, 
And spears erect ; and nearer as they drew 
Were the loose folds of female garments seen 
On those who led the company. Who then 
Had stood beside Pelayo, might have heard 
The beating of his heart. 

But vainly there 
Sought he with wistful eye the well-known foiins 
Beloved ; and plainly might it now be seen, 
That from some bloody conflict they returned 
Victorious, for at every saddle-bow 
A gory head was hung. Anon they stopped, 
Levelling, in quick alarm, their ready s{>ears. 
" Hold ! who goes there ? " cried one. A hundred 

tongues 
Sent forth with one accord the glad reply, 
** Friends and Asturiaas ! " Onward moved the 

lightA ; 
The people knew their Lord. 

Then what a sliout 
Rung through the valley! From their clay-built 

nests, 
Beneath the overbrowing battlement^s, 
How first disturbed, the affrighted martins flew. 
And, uttering notes of terror short ami slirill, 
Amid the yellow glare and lurid smoke 



144 SOPTHEI'S POEHS. 

Wliteleil glildily. Then plaiuly was it eliowi 

How well the vu.^i<aU bvud their gi-neroi 

How like a fUllier the Asturiati Prineu 

Was dear. The/ L-ro wiled round; the}- clasped Ul 

They stiiili^hi-d his luuid : ihcy fell U{H)n his neA ; 
They wept ; they blest Almighty Providence, 
Wliiuli hnd restored him ihii.s from bciiidnge free. 
"God was with ihctu and their good c 

said; 
" Hja hand wa^ here ; His sbii;ld was over t1 
His Bpirit was abroad, Uis power displayed ; ' 
And, poiolJDg to (heir Moody trophies ibcti. 
They told Pelayo, (here he tnighC behold 
The first-fruils of the harvest they should » 
Reap in ihc field of wnr! Beoigiiantly, 
Willi Toico and look and gc»turu, did the Prli 
To these warm greeling^ of tumultuous joy 
Respond; and sure, if at that moincol aught J 
Could for awhile have overjwwered those feai 
Whirfi, from the inmost hean. o'er all Ills fi 
DllTused their chilling iiiflut-uce, wortliy ptit 
And Mympatby of love and joy and hope, 
Had Uien possessed him wholly. Even now- 1 
His B[^rit rose: the seii^ of power, the ai^4J 
or his brave people, ready where he led 
Tu fight their eounln-'^ battles, and llie tl 
Of iiisiaul action and delivi'iimec, — 
If Heaveii, which thus tkr lind protected bta 
^ould favor still, — revived his heart, a 



RODERICK, THE LAST OF THE GOTHS. 145 

Fresh impulse to iu spring. In vain he sought, 

Amid that turhulent greeting, to inquire 

Where Gaudiosa was, his children where, 

Who called them to the field, who captained them ; 

*Vnd how these women, thus with arms and death 

Environed, came amid their com]>2niy : 

Fcv jet, amid the fluctuating light 

Ami tumult o£ the crowd, he knew thcin not. 

Gui>la was one. The Moors had found in her 
A willing and concerted prisoner. , 

Glad] V to Gegio, to the renegade. 
On whom her loose and shameless luvc was hmU 
Had she set forth ; and in her heart >he cuisim] 
The busy spirit, who, with |>owertul call 
Bousing Pelnyo*s people, led thcni on 
In quick pursunl, and victoriously 
Achieved the rescue, to her mind perver>e 
Unwelcome as unlooked fur. Willi di>niav 
She recognized her brother, dreadi-d now 
More than lie once wa-^ dear: her cuunteiiaiu-e 
Was turned toward him, not with cm'^t iuv 
To court his sight, and, meeting its lir-^t ^'lanrf, 
Exchauge delightful welcome, fO\i\ with >nul: 
Hera was the conscious eve. tiiat cannot «.'h(Mi^e 
But look to what it fears. She couM not ^hIl^ 
His presence; and the rigid ^niih' ron^traiiicil. 
With whidi she coldlv dressed her t<:itiirt .-. ill 
Concealed her inward thought>. ami the dr.-piic 
Of obstinate guilt and unrepentant ^hanic. 
vau IS. L 



14fi 



ovraist'a fOEUs. 



Sullniljr ihus upon lier mule cUt sale, 

Wuitliig ilii> };ret.-tiiig wbit^li i-W did not dare4 

Bring Ml. Bui who i." «liu tliut ul iw\ 

Upon a sraiely war-horee «niiw-ut, 

Hulda Uie locee rviii with carcltw liiuiU ? A WIro 

Prtsses tbe dusters of her flaxen hiiir; 

The shit^M is on bev ami : livr breasl ie 

A ^wonl-btflt id h«r gii'dlr, and riglit wkU 

If may be. fven ibat ^word hnlh done its woi 

To-diiy, for upnanl t'n>m the wrist 

Ii: stiff with bliMwi. An unrrganlant ajc, 

A'-: one wbo^ lliou^hts w«re not of earth, sliv1| 

I7p(in the tiimxiil round. One couiilenance 

Sn strongly marked, sn pwmion-wom, wo-i there^ 

Tliat it recalled her mind. " Hn ! Mnrcabee!" 

Lining hiT ann, cxnllingly »bo cried, 

" Did I not icil ibee we »honld meet in joy? J 

Well, Brother, lia^t tluxi tkme thy part ; J, I 

Hnvp not been wanting ! Now be ilia the pni 

From whom ibc impulse eanjer" 

That (>larling alV i 
Tlial voice 80 well remembered, louchnd tks'C 
With timely impuUe now : for he had si 
Hie Mother's face; and, at her sighit thft p 
And pre«enl mingled like a frighlfiH dtea 
Which frum «uiiie dread reality derirca 
Its .|.^e|>e,i horror. A.l«in.l«'» »oi« 
DiB|)tirHed the waking viniini. Little dets 
RusUla. HI ihnt mumeDl, that lhi> cJtUd, 
For whom her supplications day anJ night 



SODESICS. 7HC LAtT Of 7HI. OOTH^. 147 



S:"r*MEi- i g *.. g igr :ij-:itj-i -irb :•*:• :!-. »: — - 

« V — * > 

H*r reT€2*M IxhliL -.Clfr Vl-r^ T-^L* : i..'. j.rL. 
As ^ttt a^VJI^^i Zlr: Fr_l#'.>=- IJ-: ■•• V . -_i»^-: will 

>>!■ Ell*'*", auc- :»*ajd£ur i".ni i*-.- :••» v- ; '>-'v-:. 
TiiiS nm "Uac ui^ i:r rhni i*r j>.t-: ▼*••* wc^-_. 



ir.rcLi:!: ^r.:* 



H!"*" aimi'*. fudiur luTi-rj 



. .1- 




f 



i ■ 






148 sodthet's rOEus. 

Bests on tlic hilk; anil, oh! how awfulljr 
Into Uiul liet'p snil tranquil firmament 
The suffimiU of Ausera ri^ serene ! 
Tbe watcliiiiaD on tlie baltlcments parlakcs 
Tbe ittillue.ss of the solemn liour; he feela 
The alienee of Ihe eartli, the endless ±^>und 
Of flowing water soothes him, and Che stars — 
Which in that brightest raoon light \iell-t 

quenched 
Scarce visible, as in tJie utmost d«pth 
Of yonder sapphire Infinite, are seen — 
Draw on, with elevating influence. 
Toward etenijiy die aiiempered niiud. 
Mualug on worlds beyond the ^nive hi? i 
And to Ihe Virgin Mother *.ili-utiy 
Prefers her hymn of praise. 

The MouniNinec 
Before the cuslle, round their mouldering Urea, I 
Lie on tluj hfiirtli outslreichcd. I'eluj'o's httU f 
Is full, und he upon his iTurcful couch 
Ileor^ all around the dcpp nnd long-dnwn b 
Of sleep; for gentle night bath brought to tlies 
Perfect (ind undisturbed rcpoi'c. alike 
Of corporal |>owcrii and inward faculty. 
Wakeful the whik he lay, yet more by bopA 
Tlian grief or anxious ibougbis possessed t 

grief 

For Guiiiln'-> guilt, which iVeshened In Ills heoilfl 
The memory of their wretched molhcu-V erins,^ 
Still made its presence felt, like the dull » 



RODERICK, THE LAST OF THE GOTHS. 149 

Of some perpetual inward maladv ; 

And tbe whole peril of the iuiure lar 

Before him clearlv seen. He Lad heard all : 

How that onworthv sister, ob?tinaie 

In wrong and shameless, rather seemed to woo 

The upstart renegado than to wait 

His wooing ; bow, as guih to guilt led on. 

Spuming at gentle admoniiion fir5>t. 

When Gaudiosa hopelessly tbrliore 

From further counsel, then in sullen mood 

Resentful, Guisla soon began to haie 

The virtuous presence before which ^he fell 

Her nature bow inferior, and her fault 

How fouL Despiteful thus she grew, because 

Humbled, yet unrepentanL Who could ^ay 

To what excess bad passions mi^rht impel 

A woman thus possessed ? She cuuld not fail 

To mark Siberian's al:»>enoe. for what en«i 

Her ooDsdence hot too surely had divined ; 

And Gaudiosa. well aware that nil 

To the vile paramour war» thus mnde knt.i^m. 

Had to safe hiding-place, with linitfly tl-ar. 

Removed her children. W»:ll the event hn'\ f>roved 

How needful was that caution: for at ni^'lit 

She sought the mountain K»liiutlt':«. untl morn 

Beheld Numacian*s soldiers at tlie •ratt. 

Yet did not sorrow in Pelavo's In 'an 

For this domertic shame prevail tlmt Ijour. 

Nor gathering danger weigh hi-* -pirit down. 

The anticipated meeting put to Hiiihi 



130 30UTHEt'S POEMS. 

These piiinrul thougbU: [o-morrow will resto 
All wLoiu his heart holds dear; liis wife h 
No longer now remenib(.*r<:d for regret, 
Is preseiit lo his ^ul wiih hope and ji^; 
His inward eye beholds Fjirila's form 
In opening youth robust; and Hcrmesind, 
His daughter, lovely as a budding rose ; 
Their images beguile the hours of night, 
Till with the earliest morning he may seek 
Tlicir Becrel hold. 

The nightingale not yet ' 
Had (.-eas^d her song, nor had the early lark '' 
Her dewy nei-t for»dieTi, when ihe Prince 
Upward twaide Piouia look his way 
Towanl Ausevit. Heavily to liiro, 
Impatient for the nwrrowU liuppiness, 
Long night had lingered ; but it seemed more Inng 
To Roilcriek'i aching heart. He, too, hod wsl«li«d 
For dawn, and seen iht' earliest break of day^ ■ 
And beard its eurliust sonnds : and when t)i« S~ 
Wnnt forth, the mclanchtily tnnn was gt 
With peiiiiive pai% tipon Pionin'a sida 
Wiuidering alone and alow. For he h«d loft % 
The wearying placr of his unresl, that n 
Witli its raid dews might bnlho his throbbing 
Aiid with !■-'' breath allay the feverish h 
Tliat burnt within. Alas I ihu galeis of 
Reaeh noi the fever of a wounded heart I 
How shall he meet his Jlother'e eye, how n 
His Mcrei known, and from thai 1*0 



BODERICE. THE LAST OF THE O-I'TH^. 151 

Obuin iorpxer^tei ? — all tfaa: be Las dow 
To a»k. ere oo iLe lap of t^rih Ln ;>r^v>r 
lie hv his bead re»igned. In ^iiciii: prayer 
Ue ?aj>plicat^ HeaTcii to sreLgiLcn Liin 
Against thai tiying boar. iLvn: .-etrki&g ;ili 
Where all who seek shall fiad : and ihus Lis soul 
Received sa|>port, and gaib'-red foniiuvlr, 
Nerer than now more netdfuL lor :htr bciur 
Was nigh. He saw Siverian draw:: .j near. 
And with a dim bat quick fon-U>iir.g met 
The good oM man : vei when Le Lrard him say, 
- Mv Lady sends to seek xhw." like a knrll 
To one expecting and prepared for dea:L. 
But fearing the dread (oint that bastcnf on. 
It smote his heart. He followed silenilv. 
And knit his suffering ^pirii to the ]in.iof. 

He went resolved to tell his Moiher all, 
Fall at her feeC and. drinking; ihe ]a<i drez? 
Of bitterness, receive the only good 
Earth had in store for him. Rtrs^ilved for this. 
He went ; vet was it a relief to liiid 
That painful resolution mii'^t await 
A fitter eeasooy when no eye but lleavtmV 
Might witness to their mutual niioiiy. 
Coont Julian's daughter with Uu^illa ^ate : 
Both had been weeping ; both were pale, but calnk 
With head as for humility a}ia>ed, 
Roderick iqipitxiched, and, bending, on his breast 
He cfosaed his humble arms. Rusilla rose 



152 SOL'THBV'a roEMs. 

Ill revereiwe lo llie [irieatly cliarncttT, 
AiiU, with a luouniful eye regnrding liim, 
Tims slie began : " GooU Failier, I liu*-e bet 
From my old faithful ^u'tnnL and true fri«ii4 
Thoti didit reprove the iiK.'onsideraie tongua M 
That in the »iiguisli of ita spirit poured 
A L'line upon mj poor, unhappy child. 

Father Itlnocnbev ! this h a hard world. 
And hu^Iy in its juilgiiient;^ Time has b 
When not a longue within ihe Pj'renees 
Dared whisper in dip^pniiae of RuderJck'd i 
Lest, if [he conscious nir hud caujfht die si 
The vengeAnce of the huiiesl mulliiudo 
Sliould full upon ihe trnilorons head, or bm 
For life-lung infuiny the lying lips. 
Now if a voice lie raised in his behalf, 
'Tis noted lor a wonder, and the tnim 
WIk) utters the strange i^icecli shall be admifl 
For sufh excess of Christian chiirily. 
Tliy Christian charity hath not been lo?i ; 
Father, I feel its virtue ; it hath brfco 

Balm lo my heart. Willi words nnd gmltGil 

All that is ItA me now for gratitude, - 

1 thank ihce, and beseech llicc in thy prajw 
Tlint thou wUt still remember Itodorick'a 



Roderick so long had to this hour looked S 
TluW, when the nrtunl point of trial cftms. 
Torpid and nttinbcd it tbnnd him : cold he g 



x:i-lii:jc. rsi i.Li7 :i ze: 



::r-f. 15^ 



1 ^ ■ i 



'_•! 'ft.*- T- *ifaT r7i.-t" i.-riT-' '-"i-r- T.r _.- _l"_:_-.- 

» » ■ 

p 

HjiTt wrtsfck^5 ru'ii. :»t:. ..:■.-. ..' ...'. .j. 

"jf fit-iJT foifferiiji:. — ■» --i- > ' - . ' 

Txf*^ xutawjirr of iii? :V^- ."■::•:' . . :.»-: 

h. eiibdd^'ixj^ piiT hXt-i l<.»: .t .i~- : 



151 SOUTHKY'S fOEUS. 

Fade like a feebler horror. Olhcrwise 
Seemed good lo Heuveii. I murmur not, uor I 
The bouiidliijs ineiMy of redeemiii'; lov< 
For sure I Iru^t thiti uol iu his ofleiiee 
Hardened utid roprubule wa$ my lodt » 
A child uf wmih, eul oB'! — lliftt dreudful thtn 
Not even amid tlie fii-st fresh wretchedness, 
Whan the ruin burat iiround me like a Hood, 
Aesniled my »oul. I ever dcemod hiH tall 
Au act of 8udden madness; and ihia day 
Hath in unluok«'d-ror oonfirmaiion i^ven 
A livelier liope, a inoi-e assured faith." 
Smiling benignant then uioid her tears, 
She took Floriudu by tlie lioud, aud $iud, 
■■ I little tbuiii-ht tliat 1 should live lo bless 
Count Julian's daughter ! She hnlh brouglit'i 
Ttie last, llie best, the only eumfon «unh 
Could miuiater to this uHlictcil heart ; 
And my gray liairs may now nnto the grave ' 
Ciu donru in peaee." 

" Happy," Florindn c 
" Are thuy lor whom the grave hath peace ia I 
The wrungd tbt«y have sustained, tlie wtM 

bear, 

Pus not limt holy threshold, where Death b 
The broken heart- Lady I thou maysl Ij 
In bnmbic hope, through Him who od the 
Gave his atoning blood for lost mankind, 
To meet beyond the gi-ave ihy cliild foi^Tenil 
I, too, with Roderick there may ioiercluuige | 






rj-t 



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- -w • ^ — •^ •, 






•."t vine HJ ijil toJi-"^:? : ll;i * jr-.:' I- 

3iLT z*~ "p-jii zifz lo* j«.rLi>l* :c h-t j^ 

IiLic:-r EtaT-J ilj i^ -■ -.• : i r 
H^ b:c*r 11 C-Lri-- '. 1: -v ^.r :-- • - -. ■■ 
^iJEi. CTv-T-r : "t ::- J»^~- "-■''- ^ "^ -* 

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_ r.*^. 



I '- 



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Wr^iiriot ^I'M Hi::- «rL •^ l-j-^-. - 'I • 



.4 *. 



t- j-r»T f>r Lju^ 



Of li2* <StsiL^ '. W-a: .y.1.1 r r^- : - 

• J . a 

Art cKniJj. icmp&raL reprir-V-- . -. . 
BoXy if M «oal bir lo?$ ilirciur>. j^t -^.r 



. * "• ■ _ • 



156 SOUTHEr's POEMS. 

That were eternal evil ! Pray for him. 
Good Father Maccabee, and be thy prayers 
More fervent as the deeper is the crime ! " 

While thus Florinda spake, the dog who laj 
Before Rusilla*s feet, eying him long 
And wistfully, had recognized at length, 
Changed as he was and in those sordid weeds. 
His royal master. And he rose and licked 
His withered hand, and earnestly looked up 
With eyes whose human meaning did not need 
The aid of speech ; and moaned, as if at once 
To court and chide the long-withheld caress. 
A feeling unconimixed with sense of guilt 
Or shame, yet painfulest, thi-illed through the King; 
But he, to self-control now long inured,^ 
Repressed his rising heart, nor other tears. 
Full as his struggling bosom was, let fall 
Than seemed to follow on Florinda's words. 
Looking toward her then, yet so that still 
He shunned the meeting of her eye, he said, 
" Virtuous and i)ious as thou art, and ripe 
For Heaven, O Lady ! 1 must think the man 
Hath not by his go(xl Angel been cast off 
For whom thy supplications rise. The Lord, 
Whose justice doth in its unerring course 
Visit the children for the sire's offence, — 
Shall He not in his boundless mercy hear 
The daughter's prayer, and for her sake restore 
The guilty parent? My soul shall with thine 



RODEBICK, THE LAST OF THE GOTHS- 157 

f n earnest and continual duty join ; 
How deeply, how devoutly, He will know 
To whom the cry is raised !*" 

Thus having said. 
Deliberately in self-possession still, 
Himself from that most painful interview 
Dispeeding, he withdrew. The watchful dog 
Followed his footsteps close. But he retired 
Into the thickest grove : there yielding way 
To his o'erburdened nature, from all eyes 
Apart, he cast himst* If upon the ground. 
And threw his arms around the dog, and cried. 
While tears streamed down, ^ Thou, Theron, then 

hast known 
Thy poor lost master, — Theron, none but thou ! " 



XVI. 
COVADONGA. 

Meantime Pelayo up the vale pursued 
Elastward his way, before the sun had climbed 
Auseva*s brow, or shed his silvering beams 
Upon Europa's summit, where the snows 
Through all revolving seasons hold their seat. 
A happy man he went, his heart at rest, 
Of hope and virtue and affection full, 
To all exhilarating influences 
Of earth and heaven alive. With kindred joy 



158 southet's poems. 

He heard the lark, who from her airj height, 

On twinkling pinions poised, poured^orth profiise, 

In thrilling sequence of exuberant song, 

As one whose joyous nature overflowed 

With life and power, her rich and rapturous straia 

The early bee, buzzing along the way. 

From flower to flower bore gladness on its wing 

To his rejoicing sense ; and he pursued. 

With quickened eye alert, the f^lic hare, 

Where from the green herb in her wanton path 

She brushed away the dews. For he long time. 

Far from his home and from his native hills, 

Had dwelt in bondage ; and the mountain breeze, 

Which he had with the breath of infancy 

Inhaled, such impulse to his heart restored. 

As if the seasons had rolled back, and life 

Enjoyed a second spring. 

Through fertile fields 
He went, by cots with pear-trees overbowered, 
Or spreading to the sun their trellised vines ; 
Through orchards now, and now by thymy banks. 
Where wooden hives in some warm nook were hid 
From wind and shower ; and now through shadowy 

paths, 
Where hazels fringed Pionia's vocal stream ; 
Till where the loftier hills to narrower bound 
Confine the vale, he reached those huts remote, 
Which should hereafter to the noble line 
Of Soto origin and name impart ; 
A. gallant lineage, long in fields of war 



RODERICK, THE LAST OF THE GOTHS. 159 

And fiuthful chronicler's enduring i>age 

Blazoned ; bat most by him illustrated, 

Avid of gold, yet greedier of renown, 

Whom not the spoils of Atabalii>a 

Could sati^ insatiate, nor the fame 

Of that wide empire overthrown appease ; 

But he to Florida's disastrous shores 

In CTil hour his gallant comrades led, 

Through savage woods and swamps, and hostile 

tribes, 
The Appalachian, arrows, and the snares 
Of wilier foes, — hunger and thirst and toil ; 
Till from ambition's feverish dream the touch 
Of Death awoke him ; and when he had seen 
The fruit of all his treasures, all his toil. 
Foresight, and long endurance, fade awaj, 
Earth to the restless one refusing rest, 
In the great river's midland ImhI lie lefl 
His honored bones. 

A mountain rivulet, 
Now calm and lovely in its summer course, 
Held hy those huts its everlasting way 
Towards Pionia. They, wlio>e Hocks and herds 
Drink of its water, call it Deva. Ih-rc 
Pelayo southward up the ruder vale 
Traced it, his guide unerring. Amid heaps 
Of mountain wreck, on either side thrown high. 
The wide-spread traces of its wintry might, 
The tortuous channel wound ; o'er beds of sand 
Here silently it flows ; here, from the rock 



160 soctukt's poeus. 

Bobuitcd, curlu aud edUies ; plunges here 
Preilpitale ; here, iijariiig nmoiig crags, 
II leaps and luauu a»<l wUirU, and hurri«a o 
Gray alders hei-e aud hiiiiliy tuuels Uld 
The motiy side; ibeir wreailied and knoited fl 
Bored by ilie curreni, nuw agninst lis foi'ce 
BtipayiDg lite support they tuuud. upUeld 
The boiik secure. liere, bending tu lie streai 
The blruh fiuiuulio stretched its lugged trunk, 
Tall and erect from whence, as Irum their b 
Eadi like a me its silver bnuichea grew. 
The chetry here liuag, fur the biirls of beurcn 
lu rody fhiit ou high. The elder there 
lie purple berries u'er ihe wiiter bent. 
Heavily hanging. Here, atuid the Itnwk, 
Gray as the sloue to wltiuh it duug, half root, I 
Htilf trunk, tlw young tub risea lh>ui the ruck jf 
And ibere iu parent hlU a lully liuad, 
Aiid Bprendi iu grui^cl'ul buugli;^ : the pOMtng II 
With twinkling mutiun liila tliu itileiit icave^, 
And slinks its rattling luHs. 

Soon bad the P4 
Behind him lei\ tlie Tarthesl dwcUing-jitace 
Of man : no fields of waviug uurn were here. 
Nor nieker storehouse for the uuluinnal grain, ■ 
Vineyard, nor bowia-y ftg, nor fruiliul grove; I 
Only the rocky vale, the muuntnin strearn, 
Inirunibenl crugs, and IuUh that orer btUs 
AroNO an uillit-r Imni), here liut;g with wood*, 
Here rich with heulli, tliul o'er eonte emciulli ■ 



B»>»zz:-:s. rHi :»A.?r c-r ra^ 



• «" 



•"Oik iha; iLe Muse^Imau wt."\ j.-.rt." l.i vri*\i. 

Hath NAiure, l«>r the tWv a:.u l«rav(, j :xj\;irt\i 
A smuctuaiT. vbeiv no «.*(•{ •rt^srorV ;\ -^^^r. 
No mighi ot' buiuan tvrauri\. v^i:: j-itrw." 

The Scars which <Uiru\i the u >}>ntn^ not nUme 
From loftr thoughts ot' eli-vaiing j«n ; 
For love and admiraiioii lia<] :\\v\\' |<ir:. 
And %'irtiious pride. *' IK*n-. ihi-n. iIkhi ii.i^i iviiixti. 
Mj Gaudiorii!*' in his hoari hv >:uil. 
" ExcelieDt woman! iioVr was r'wUvr Umu 
By fiite benigD u> tuvortti inau iii<liil::ni. 
Than when ilmu wen, U'ture thi' tliw ut llraMii, 
Given me to be mv childi-t'ir> iuoiIut. braM- 
And virtuous as thou art ! 11iT(> ihou ha-t lird. 
Thou who wert nursi*d in pahirr>, lo ih\i II 
III rocks and mouutaiii-cavo^ ! " Tlic ihoiiultt was 

proud. 
Yet not witiiout a ;»ense of iiiiuoM pain ; 
For never Iwd Pckvo, till that hour, 

VOL. IX. M 



162 southey's poems. 

So deeply felt the force of solitude. 
High overhead the eagle soared serene^ 
And the graj lizard on the rocks below 
Basked in tlic sun ; no living creature else. 
In this remotest wilderness, was seen ; 
Nor living voice was there, — onlj the flow 
Of Deva, and the rushing of its springs, 
Long in the distance heard, which nearer now. 
With endless repercussion deep and loud, 
Throbbed on the dizzy sense. 

The ascending vale. 
Long straitened bj the narrowing nsountains, here 
Was closed. In front, a rock, abrupt and bare. 
Stood eminent, in height exceeding far 
All edifice of human power, by King 
Or Caliph or barbiuic Sultan reared. 
Or mijjhlier tvrants of the world of old, 
Assyrian or Egyptian, in their pride ; 
Yet far above, beyond the reach of sight. 
Swell after swell, the heathery mountain rose 
Here, in two sources, from the living rock 
The everlasting springs of Deva gushed. 
Upon a smooth and grassy plat below. 
By Nature there, as for an altar, dressed, 
They joined their sister stream, which fit)m tfie 

earth 
Welled silently. In such a scene, rude man, 
With pardonable error, might have knelt, 
Feeling a j)resent Deity, and made 
His offering to the fountain Nymph devout. 



BODESICK, THE LAJT OF TUL »mOTHs, 163 

A cave, where hngcst soo of '^Jki,i \ArJu 

That e*er of old in £>resS of ry-ar/x 

'Gainst knigto and lady;* « ji jr«: <L.<yxicr:e^i>aE var, 

Ere«:s wiiidn the porxaJ sjuriit i^r^ eC-»L 

Tbe broken s^one aBo« trd fvr Lanid 3L.od r^yx 

Xo diffienk ascent, ai^re :L«r bei-^ 

In bei^bc a tail maa'- -catur^ :I«e&^l:r>ri iLHoe. 

Xo holier fpot uan Ojrbd.c.^ Si^ll 

BoniCi in her ""TOe *^x!*^- liiou^i; iJ. iirr ."sakae 

Be widi ibt n(C^jtj«^ lii'»i yf iL^Lrvrir-iu 

In cider or is laier disr^. eriinrrLed 

And ^ars&iai iddi uut:^ cc iir^^iTei :v ^i 

Bt buedt a Bumde mn jt ziuoiie^: : 

Nor is ihe hfavie iii2iitd*> '.c iier iuuie 

ThssL flare ^le hmn«r. dntvL jl k^^:. i'.*--!! : 
Bprimd Uf iroBCt^ ituuu:-- or '^ii*:t:j*rrj - •»> . 
Fcdkwine ihe plea!«nrt uf iJ^ ^'.rti^:;:i:ii: fir^^ 
XiBKr kndr xhfr pia*je. 

TitfMe ^fiocsiiar «Mir»*:- iiul. :ii»^i: -u'-:*-, L-'t:. 
Took &Dai hie aidf: tii«- i>u::j*:. ^'..^t"-:i;•u 
And. wjiL a breaiti Jimr aruv:. uiic -^lov -:.:i:re(:. 
Sein iwih iha: ahul. v'1ii'-*l. «r«'ti-.iiij£! fr^iiL :ii^ va!i^ 
Of Coxiew^ irout to 1^ iiir irui'. r^vi:":. 
"V'lMOj frum tht- cha.1t he cniiu*:. A- \u: \j.< buuiid. 
Firrija Biarted in tiit cuv*:. uul ''r-j'- .. 
^M'^ fatiiw'* hoTii ! ** A *ii'j'j»*i iiu-i. -iifj^t-^ 
Tf ebeok. aud t>tK v j-.l uui'-'ttrijec t-vt; 



ICl SOL'THElf's I'ORMS. 

Looked eager to her mother silently i 
But Giiudio^ trembled oud grew pale, 
Doubling her aeute deceived. A second tinwi^ 
The bagle breathed iu well-kiiowti noloa abro 
And Hcrme^ad around her mother's nedl 
Threw Ler white arim, uii<l eamestlj excb 
" 'TIs he ! " But when a third and broader h 
UuDg ID (Le echoing arctiway, no'ttr did wai 
Wtlh magic power enduodi call up a night 
So ECraoge, as sure in that wild Mllludu 
II Beemcd. when from the bowela of the rock * 
The mother aud her uhildreu luiaieued forth i 
* She in tliQ »obcr cbarim and dignity 
Of woniauhood mature, nor verging yet 
Upon decay ; in gesture like a Queen, 
Such iuUiru aud hiibiiuiil luiyeMy 
Ennobled kU b«!r sicp».'^ or Prie^leaa, cluk 
Becauati within sueli fuultle^e wurk of IIkuvh 
Inspiring Deity might Mem to make 
lu bubititliun known : — Fnvibi ftueb 
In form iind stature as ihc Sen-Nymph's eon, 
When tliat wise Centaur from Us van well pin 
Beheld the boy divine \u» growing etntugtb 
Against aome ila^gy lionet esiiuy. 
And, tixing iu the hnlt-grawu mane hia handa, 
Roll with him in fieree dalhance intertwined. 
But like a creature of somi: higher •fJiera 
His sinter caiue; she scarcely toui^hed (he nid 
So light waii Ilermrbind's aerial *]x«d> 
Bcaaty and grace am) innon-nce in her 



To 






Tit 
Fa 



ICtL li^ i^: 




HfS: ii«irj.'L.*-< 






— ii«< 



or 

T* 



. •• ' -' 



",««■■ k'lrf 



i: *—- - 






166 southet's poems. 

Ere the wise Ithacan, over that brute force 

By wiles prevailing, for a life-long night 

Seeled his broad eje. The healthful air had here 

Free entrance, and the cheerful light of Heaven ; 

But^ at the end, an opening in the floor 

Of rock disclosed a wider vault below, 

Which never sunbeam visited, nor breath 

Of vivifying morning came to cheer. 

No light was there but that which from above 

In dim reflection fell, or found its way. 

Broken and quivering, through the glassy stream. 

Where through the rock it gushed. That shadowy 

light 

Sufficed to show wliere from their secret bed 
The waters issued ; with whose rapid course, 
And with whose everlasting cataracts. 
Such motion to the chill, damp atmosphere 
Was given, as if the solid walls of rock 
Were shaken with the sound. 

Glad to respire 
The upper air, Pelayo hastened back 
From that drear den. " Look ! " Hermesind ex- 
claimed, 
Taking her father's hand ; " thou hast not seen 
My chamber. See ! did ever ringdove choose 
In so secure a nook her hiding-place. 
Or build a wanner nest ? 'Tis fragrant too, 
As warm, and not more sweet than soil ; for thyme 
And myrtle with the elastic heath are laid. 
And, over all, this dry and pillowy moss," — 



BODESICK, THE LAST OF THE GOTHd. 107 

Sinifing 8he spake. Peluyo kissed the child, 

And, sighing, said withiu himself, ^I trurt 

In Heaven, whene'er thy May of lite i* coiih-, 

Sweet bird, that thou shalt have a Mi t)i<.-r \ftwt:r ! ** 

Fitlier, he thought, ?uch chamber iu\i:hi li«:-i:eiii 

Some hermit of Ililarion's school aust*:re. 

Or old Antonius he who from the h<:l] 

Of hia bewildered phantasy ^aw fi*:ii«l- 

In ai;tnal virion, a lijui Thro:;j zrot'^rq^;'; 

Of all horrific shape? ana fo;?ji- o:^'>:7jf; 

Crowd in broad dav btfure hi? oi^:i e^«:-- 

That feeling cast a momeLTar:' -haue 

Of sadness o'er Lis K-y - li -:']»:': L»f:r : * - :: :. ^^ 

If he mighi have for*-r«r:j :i-r ::.!:-::? :. 

Would there Lave filir^i L";r. : :..• y .-':.. ■;.■. '*V'^ 

His own rerinaJn? vert c*:,*: isv .i>..':,r- ■ . :.■ , 

m 

Bjeir final piac* k/ re-: : i.". . ..■- v.a: •:•.*- 

Where that oeaj ciili "»!:;. L-rj-...-. • ■ .-..•■ 

Hari r-prtdti brr lai'^y ry-o.-- Ui*: -t: -. ■ •■: 

SLal] IT. the nctr-tr'.rfc-.ei r.».t ••r ;.-.*• ■- 

Wh*:re wIxL AJ;-b-.«:>-j. ii*:- i-.i\-t. \^ • -. 

Lai*! ride bv side. :;;:i-* Hrriz.-^- ' : 'j 

The ev^-rsay'iii'r SArrjfcjr^'"^'— ^' *■''* 

LeaTi:::g a lASfe :»^^-rfc".jrr v *.-i-'--.. 

HatL c^tar.z^K !*« ekrlly j:.- i •.,.-.. 

Dear cLijd T B:r.iL unc lb.*-'. • :t.i: • -.1- 

la all tbe teaicj iif :»e' ■.«:•-: .l-;; ; 

In hraht' no. texm. n ^ .rp*. .* 

While ber e^e* rviexjTi ii:i'. :i^ :i-rt.- •. — .. *k\ 



< -, 



1 1 



I • •■ 



J, 



168 southet's poems. 

Manj a slow century sinoe that day hath filled 
Its course, and countless multitudes have trod 
With pilgnm feet that consecrated cave ; 
Yet not in all those ages, amid all 
The untold concourse, hath one breast been swoId 
With such emotions as Pelajo felt 
That hour. " O Gaudiosa," he exclaimed, 
" And thou couldst seek for shelter here, amid 
This awful solitude, in mountain caves ! 
Thou noble spirit ! Oh ! when hearts like thine 
Grow on this sacred soil, would it not be 
In me, thy husband, double infamy. 
And tenfold guih, if I despaired of Spain ? 
In all her visitations, favoring Heaven 
Ilath left her still the unconquerable mind ; 
And, thus being worthy of redemption, sure 
Is she to be redeemed." 

Beholding her 
Through tears, he spake, and pressed upon her lips 
A kiss of deepest love. ** Think ever thus," 
She answered, *• and that faith will give the power 
In which it trusts. When to this mountain-hold 
These children, thy dear images, I brought, 
I said within myself, * Where should they fly 
But to the bosom of their native hills?' 
I brought them hen* as to a sanctuary. 
Where, for the tenipk*V sake, the indwelling God 
Would jjunrd his snpj)licants. O my dear Lordl 
Proud as I was to know thnt they were thine. 
Was it a sin if I almost believed. 



BO^EKICK, THE LA.?T OT THE GOTHS. 169 

TLftt Spain* her des^inv beinj liiiktri Triih ;Lei7Sy 

"" S-j iv: u* Tliirik/ 
The Clijef replied. ~ ao iVrl riifi irat.-L zilhj rics. 
Spain k oar cfKasDoa pareii: : Je: ijjr ^^^ri^ 
lie to the forent true. ax>d iu ]i*.'T <T*.'iySM 
And HeaTezi thrir s«re drlivera.'-:-.^ ijirv will mid." 



XVIL 
RODERICK .\XD Sr\Eia-\X. 

O HOLIEST Manr, 3IaJd aiid MoiLer ! iLou 

Jo CovatloDza. ai ihv r^p-.-kv ^iiriii'.-. 

IIa«t witneaaed vkat-ocrVr i*i' Lu:ii;i!i ri::»^ 

Heart can csooceivr- iik»?i jtrriVii I Fa'iijTui lL»Te, 

Loos croseed bv <rQriou> ?iar«. L:i:}j ihvrc atiuined 

It$ crown, in endless matnnj'.'i.v <riv'.-ii ; 

The Toutliful mother theiv hmh lu tli<- !>.•!.! 

Her fir^4x»*n lome. and tht- ro, wiih *lr\']>».'r fen?e 

Of graiinide for thai dear Italt^: rt-'itrtrnvl 

Frum threatening dcstih. reiuni»r<l Tm i :iy Ij-rr tow^ 

But iKr'er oo nujitial uor Ui]»!i-Di:il '\a\. 

Nor from their grateful ]pil:rriiii;ij>' iii->-:i:irjt'.l. 

Did liappier group their wav d-.iwn !►• \u*- ^;u^.• 

Rejoicing IjoM. than this ble>i t*:i:ii:lv. 

O'er whom the might v Spirii rA ih- L:i':<] 

Spread hi« proceaing win^r- ; t^*- •lii;'!;^ n live 

In ycwifhhrad's hippj season frv^m ;/.] c:irc> 



170 southey's poems. 

That might disturb the hour, jet capable 
Of that intense and unalloyed delight 
Which childhood feels when it enjoys agaia 
The dear parental presence long deprived. 
Nor were the parents now less blest than they. 
Even to the height of human happiness ; 
For Gaudiosa and her Lord that hour 
Let no misgiving thoughts intrude. She filled 
Her hopes on him, and his were fixed on Heaven ; 
And hope in that ^ui*ageous heart derived 
Such rooted strength and confidence assured 
Li righteousness, that 'twas to him like faith, — 
An everlasting sunshine of the soul. 
Illumining and quickening all its powers. 

But on Pionia's side, meantime, a heart 
As generous, and as full of noble thoughts, 
Lay stricken with the deadliest bolts of grief. 
Upon a smooth gray stone sate Roderick there : 
The wind above him stirred the hazel-boughs, 
And murmuring at his feet the river ran. 
He sate with folded arms and head declined 
Upon his breast, feeding on bitter thoughts, 
Till nature gave him in the exhausted sense 
Of woe a respite something like repose ; 
And then the quiet sound of gentle winds 
And waters with their lulling consonance 
Beguiled him of himself. Of all within 
Oblivious, there he sate, sentient alone 
Of outward nature ; of the whispering leaves, 



RODKKICK, TlIK LAST OF rilK taM'IM. \7\ 

riiat :>ootlicd hU car: (ho f^*ni:il luralli ot* llomon, 
That fanned his cheek; the stream's |M*r|tetniil fidw, 
That, with its shadows and its ;r|.|ii,.ii,..r li|jr)i(<3, 
Dimples and thi*eud-like juotionM inliiiilr. 
For ever varying and yet htill \Uv Hatiir, 
Like time toward eternity, ran hy. 
Renting his head ujMin his nia^ler'-t kncix, 
Upon the bank lK*sid(! him ']*h<'roii |jiy. 
What matters dian;fe of "taf'r anrl ririiirii-tlarn'*', 
Or Iap«€: of vffar:-, with all th^-ir dr«;»d «v«'iif*, 
To him r \VJuit maff'-r- if rKaf U/flintl w/«r^ 
The cn>wn no lon;r^r, nor rh*-. -"^r.'f. Ai»l/i^ ' 

Haii iarirn^ti him -o orr ; ;r. ;y. f.,.- .. ,» /■. 
.U v.iii-*r iiail •limrnur.-' v> r,.r. ;. ..; -r, ^f.■ 
f-'rira -iinnii*-!' h#* t:ui -Wi-.r:. ..1/ / vT^ 
D»"^^mr »r' 'iie ''tia-'r, .i -I,.-*/' i- <■ ■ . > /.■■ 

.Ii"i vriie.'itni •:»• . iiuf. .n-nii:. si- i- .■■<' 
^!rt*naii- • I* iihrr. ' nut in* jii ■ m nn. 

"Ham -lioii -f»mf* ■•.*'i:ifrii, v tn-.i ■■ i-. .■. ■' .... i.n. 

!TiF it^rtrr-i -t liI 'Jir nm-f. t 

riiat ;iet> ii.'*»nijir-»' ir im'I-;! 
Vi:n mi*ornirat-fi iciii.-- tr. ■ •. i 

■*:jW ■»pr?tv nan 'o hauM- v • 

Tl^ ihnt .iiv-rf?noiij4 .i*r,-i' ,....• 



172 southey's poems. 

To fix their friendships and their loves are led» 

And which witli fainter influence doth extend 

To sucli poor things as this. As we put off 

Tlie cares and passions of this fretful world, 

It may be, too, that we thus far approach 

To elder nature, and regain in part 

The privilege through sin in Eden lost. 

Tlie timid hare soon learns that she maj trust 

The solitary penitent, and birds 

Will light upon the hermit's harmless hand.** 

Thus Roderick answered in excui'sive speech. 
Thinking to draw the old man's mind from what 
Might touch him else too nearly, and himself 
Disposed to follow on the lure he threw, 
As one whom such imaginations led 
Out of the world of his own misenes. 
But to regardless ears his words were given ; 
For on the dog Siverian gazed the while, 
Pursuing his own thoughts. " Thou hast not felt," 
Exclaimed the old man, ^'the earthquake and the 

storm : 
The kingdom's overthrow, the wreck of Spain, 
The ruin of thy royal master's house, 
Have reached not thee." Then turning to the 

King, 
" AVhen the destroying enemy drew nigh 
Toledo," he continued, ** and we fled 
Before their fury, even while her grief 
Was fresh, my Mistress would not leave behind 



RODERICK, THE LAST OF THE GOTHS. 173 

rhisj faithful creature. Well we knew she thought 
Of HcKleriek then, although she named him not ; 
For never, since the fatal certainty 
Fell on us all, hath that unhappy name, 
Save in her prayers, Ixien known to pa<.s her lips 
Before this day. She names him now, and weeps : 
But now her tears are tears of thankfulness ; 
For blessed hath thy coming been to her 
And all who loved the King." 

His faltering voice 
Here failed him, and^he paused : recovering soon, 
"When tliat poor injured Lady," he pursued, 
** Did in my presence to the I'rinee absolve 
The unhappy King" — 

" Absolve him ! " Roderick cried, 
And in that strong emotion turned his faee 
Sternly toward Siverian ; lor the sense 
Of shame and self-reproach drove from his mind 
All other thoughts. The goo<l old man replied, 
^Of human judgments humanly 1 speak. 
Who knows not what Pelayo*s lite hath been ? 
Nut happier in all dear domestic ties 
Tliun worthy for his virtue of the bliss 
Which ia that virtue's fruit ; and yet did he 
Absolve, u[K)U Florinda*s tale, the King. 
Siverian,' thus he said, * what most I lio[)ed, 
And still within my secret heart beli<'ve<J, 
Is now made certain. Roderick hath been 
More sinned against than sinning.' And with that 
Be clasped his hands, and, lifting them to Heaven, 



174 80UTHEY*8 POEMS. 

Cried, ' Would to Gvod that he were jet alive I 
For not more gladlj did I draw my sword 
Against Witiza in our common cause, 
Than I would fight beneath his banners now. 
And vindicate his name ! ' " 

"Did he say this? 
The Prince ? Pelayo ? " in astonishment 
Roderick exclaimed. " He said it,** quoth the old 

man. 
" None better knew his kinsman's noble heart, 
None loved him better, none bewailed him more ; 
And as he felt, like me, for his reproach 
A deeper grief than for his death, even so 
He cherished in his heart the constant thought 
Something was yet untold, which, being known. 
Would palliate his offence, and make the fall 
Of one, till then, so excellently good. 
Less monstrous, less revolting to belief. 
More to be pitied, more to be forgiven." 

While thus he spake, the fallen King felt his face 
Burn, and liis l)lood flow fast. " Down, guilty 

thoughts ! " 
Fii-mly he said within his soul ; ** lie still. 
Thou heart of flesh ! I thought thou hadst been 

quelled ; 
And quelled thou shalt be ! Help me, O my Grod ! . 
That I may crucify this inward foe I 
Yea, thou hast helped me, Father ! I am strong, . 
Saviour ! in thy strength." 



BODERICR, THE LAST OF THE GOTH8. 175 

As he breathed thus 
His inward supplications, the old man 
Eyed him with frequent and unsteady looks. 
He had a secret trembling on his lips, 
And hesitated, still irresolute 
In utterance to embody the dear hope : 
Fain would he have it strengthened and assured 
By this concording judgment ; yet he feared 
To liave it chilled in cold accoil. At length 
Venturing, he brake with interrupted speech 
The troubled silence. " Father Macaibee, 
I cannot rest till I have laid my heart 
Open before thee. When Pelayo wished 
That his poor kinsman were alive to rear 
His banner once again, a sudden thought, 
A liope, a fancy, — what shall it be called ? — 
Pos!<essed me, that perhaps the wish might see 
Its glad accomplishment, — that Koderick lived. 
And might in glory take the field once more 
For Spain. — I see^thou starrest at the thought! 
Yet spurn it not with hasty unbelief, 
As though 'twere utterly beyond the scope 
Of pO!^ible contingency. I think 
That I have calmly satisfied myself 
How this is more than idle fancy, more 
Tlian mere imaginations of a mind 
Which from its wishes builds a baseless faith. 
His horse, his royal robe, his horned li<>lm, 
His mail and sword, were found upon the field; 
But, if King Roderick had in battle fallen, 



176 SOUTH ky's rOEMS. 

That sword, I know, would only have been found 
Clinched in the hand which, living, knew so well 
To wield the dreadful steel ! Not in tlte throng 
Confounded, nor amid the torpid stream, 
Opening with ignominious arms a way 
For flight, would he have perished! Where the 

strife 
Was hottest, ringed about with slaughtered foes, 
Should Roderick have been found : by this sure mark 
Ye should have known him, if nought else remained. 
That his whole body had been gored with wounds. 
And quilled with spears, as if the Moors had felt 
That in his single life the victory lay, 
More tlian in all the ha<t ! ** 

Siverian's eyes 
Shone with a youthful ardor while he spake ; 
His gathering brow grew stem ; and, as he raised 
His arm, a warrior's impulse charactered 
The impassioned gesture. But the King was calm 
And heard him witii unchanging countenance ; 
For he had taken his resolve, and felt 
Once more the peace of God within his soul. 
As in that hour wlien by his father's grave 
He knelt before Pelayo. 

Soon the old man 
Pursued in ciihner tones : " Thus much I dare 
Believe, that lioderick fell not on that daiy 
When trciison brought about his overthi"ow. ' 
If yet he live. — for sure I think I know 
Uis noble mind, — 'tis in some wilderness. 



KOOERICK, THE LAST OF THE G0TH5. 177 

Where, in ^ome savage den iii]iunie<L he drags 
The w#iMy load of lite, and on hh lie-L. 
As on a mortal enemv, inflk-t< 
Fierce vengeance with iinniiti^rable hand. 
Oh that I knew but where to bend niv wav 
In hid dear search ! niv voice perhaps miiriit rearh 
Ilis heart, might reconcile him to hiin^clt', 
Uei^tore him to his mother ere she dii-^. 
His people and his country : with thi* >word. 
Them and his own good name ^lluuId lie redeem. 
.Oh, might I but behold him once aiiain 
Leading to battle these intrepid bands. 
Such as he was; vea, rising I'rura h\< tall 
More glorious, more beloved ! Soon. I believe, 
Jov would accomplish then what iL^rief iinth failed 
To do with this old heart, and I should die 
Clamping his knees with such intense deliirjit. 
That, when I woke in Heaven, even Heaven itself 
Could have no higher hap]»iness in ^lo^e.'* 

Thus fer^-entl}' he spake, and «>i>ious tears 
Ran down his cheeks. Full oft the Koval Goth, 
Since he came forth again amon<r niankiml. 
Had trembled lest some curious eve should read 
His lineaments too closelv ; now he Ionized 
To fall npon the neck of that old man. 
And give his full heart uttenuirc^ l>iu the sense 
Of duty, by the pride of self-contml 
Corroborate, made him steadily rijirt'^^ 
His yearning nature. " Whether Kodenrk live. 

VOL. IS. N 



Paying ia penjlenue tlie lutter price 
Of sin," he answered, " or if tarlli lialh given 1 
Rest to his eutlhly [lart, ia only known 
To him and Heuveji. Demi is he to the « 
And let not iliose imagitialloiH rob 
His Boul of Ihy contlaual prayen^, who«e aid i 
Too surely, in whatever world, be ne«ds. 
The faithful love that miU'gatoA'his fmiU, 
Heaveowni^ addressed, may mitigate 
Living or dead, oid man, be Jure bis w>u] - 
It were utinonhy el^e — dolli hold with ihiW 
Entire communion ! Doubt not he relii." 
Firmly on thee, as i>n a father's love, 
Counts on llty ollkes, and joiii« with Ihei 
In symjialhy and fervent act of faith, 
Tluiugh regions or though worlds sliould inle 
ImsI as he is, to Rodcrit'lc thU mu^t he 
Tliy first, best, dearest duly ; noxl must be 
To hold right onward in tltat noble path 
Which be would counsel, coidil bi> voice be h 
Now therefore aid nie while I call upon 
The Leaders and the People, that litis daj 
We may acckim Pelayo lor our Kin 



BODBRIGK, THE LAST OF THE GOTHS. 179 



XVIU. 

THE ACCLAMATION. 

Now, when firom G)vadoDga, down the vale 
Holding his way, the princely Mountaineer 
Came with that happy family in sight 
Of Cangas and his native towers, far off 
He saw before the gate, in fair array, 
The assembled land. Broad banners were dis- 
played. 
And spears were sparkling to the sun ; shields shone, 
And helmets glittered ; and the blaring horn, 
With ft*equent sally of impatient joy, 
Provoked the echoes round. Well he areeds, 
From. yonder ensigns and augmented force, 
That Odoar and the Primate from the west 
Have brought their aid ; but wherefore all were 

thus 
Instructed as for some great festival, 
He found not, till, Favila's quicker eye 
Catching the ready buckler, the glnd boy 
Leaped up, and, clapping his exultant hands, 
Shouted, ^ King, King ! my father shall be King 
This day ! " Pelayo started at the word, 
And the first thought which smote him l)r()nght a sigh 
For Roderick's fall ; the second wa< of hope. 
Deliverance for his country, for himself 
Enduring fame, and glory for his line. 



That bigli iiropbeiic foreihought gotLered gtrciigth, 
Af, looking to bis honored iiiiile, lie rniiil 
Her soul's accordant augury ; ln;r cyi-s 
Brigblened; tbe quickened action of ibo bloc 
Tinned nlDi a deeper buc lier gloiTJiig rhcek} 
And on lier lip* tbere sale a smil« wfaidi s; 
Ttit^ hnnomble pride of perfect love. 
Rejoicing, for ber bualMuid'^ sake, to glitire 
Tbe lot be i-hose, Ilic perils be driicd. 
The lofty fui,-tune wluch ibeir faith forMHW. 

Gadcrick, in front of all the as^etnbU'd li 
Ueid the brand buckler, follow itig to tbe «nd 
That sImJy purpose to tbe whirh hb »'nl 
Had tbi^ >l(ij- wrougbt the Chief*. Tall ns 
Krecl it etuad beside him, atid his hand^ 
Hung renting on the rim. Thii; wn« an botiu 
That sweeti^ncd lift!, repaid and rtH-ompen»«4)| 
Ail losstts ; and although it uould nut heal 
All grii^f^, yet laid them for awbilt; to rest- 
Tlie active, agituling joy lliat filicd 
The vale, iliat witli cotitagiuua influence spr« 
Ttirougli all tbe exulting Miauilaincers, llwt J 
New ardor lu all spirits, to all hrea^ts 
Inspired Iresli impulse of exeili'd bu[ic. 
Moved every tongue, nud strength cjied every limb! 
That joy which every man reHiHrtnd miw 
Fnim every fiicc of nil the luullilude, 
And beunl in «v«ry voice, in every Mund,— . 
Readied not the King. Aioof from synji 



BODEKICK, 7H£ LXsT Or THE GOTUs. Ihl 

He from the aolixade of Lis ot:^ -oal 

Beheld ihe losr soeoj^ Xoob -Lar>ri or kne«- 

His de<:p aad iooocnmiLii'iraLblr: V: v ; 

None box ilox beaveiijv Faiiirr. -srij., ^-..r^fr 

Beholds tbfc sDiiggles of iLe ir::arL 2&^>.':.^ 

See» and revud? xLe s49cre: r^^iri^^^r. 

AiXKiQg xbe <ia<^ oonr^o.'uou-. Urr.(a;:i ?;'»L 
He wtK.411. vixh veli-«>rigiiod cii-^I -t^ 11 ariuoj^ 

tiiXMs. 
To ard3oa=> offi<Xf tixe cuu-^uiiuj CLur.-L 
Hftd caiicd v1m:xi .Siu'icrc^l it^ar*;^::.!::^-:. DrrJ ; 
UniiuxiifB] bUepLerd. wlio. ]>>r ihc i^ oc 
Solieixoaa. iops^M. Li?- D^^:!k wLie:. ::i.»^; 
Ld jaeiil aad in rufic'iiiig iLtrv rr'^u::<ri 
A pA.-:ar'!^ catfe. Far ^ ia KjHj^ Lr iu•rLi^ 
Iq igZKimiakMi* tiafeiv. wLii*: iije Clji .-l 
Ke<ep^ in ber Bmiiy? iLe d4r--':r:er*- r.u'LjT. 
Box isKMSk il«e H^rrjofc. bli'.-l w:::. ^i. -. zr*: 
Deroui ber acicaem pivi^'.-v r^ •:..:•>. 
BkJl^ iL uzivoniij 10 jianakt L- v ;•!-:.; • r>. 

Fmm viKsu'jt: di^animauiig i--:ir l;li. irj^r-. 
Ttie ibfiner {innyiX^ i^ir \\x*c ^vrivM^ u* :t. 
Gjitimliuig £rd. Tfdnoved v1:l :1::i* :v '-:.>• 
Twr rtdio and ti»t wiiiieij W';irk- o: >;,-.>. 
Tok-Ji*V c^iuicietsi treasurk. j-::z*-.! Ik; j:. i 
Aii v«aJ:L. lL«sir Irriusr auii ::i*-:r 'i'/a:^ :• ii^.n* * 
TlieH: to lb** DKiEiniiuij ia^Liif --'j*- ijr '•-.>"'. 
Of unrabdiwd Cimiabria. iii^.-!-^ u- jto--.*^ 



182 sotrniET's poems. 

One day to be ibe boast of jel unbuilt 
Oviedo, and the d«^ar idoUtry 
OfiDulliludes unborn. To rhings of stale 
Then giving thought mature, he hdd adnoe \ 
With Oiloar, whom of counsel competent 
And firm of heart he knew. Whut 1 

pinnned, 

Time nnd tlie course of overruled events 
To earlier act had ripened, thaii ihrir hope 
Hod ever in its gladdest dreajn projioaed t 
And here by agents unforeaeun, and n 
Bejond the itx>\iB of fiiresi^it brought abootiB 
This day ihey shw their ileorest heart's deiii^ 
Accorded iliera ; all-able Providence 
Thus having ordered all, that S[taio this bom 
With hajipiMt omeo^ and on surest b 
Should fi'um its ruins rear agun her throne, i 



For acclamation and for eacring now 
One ibrm must eerre, more solemn for ttit 
Of old observances, whose absence here 
Deeplier impre^cd the benrt than all displ^ 
Of regal pomp and wealth pontiflcal. 
Of vutmentd radiant with their gems, and al 
With ornnture of gold ; the glittering tnuD, 1 
The long procession, and the full-voiced c 
This day the forms of piety nnd war 
Li ftrange but fitting union munt o 
Not in his nib and eope and o 
Cume Urban now, nor wore he mitre herot 1 



RODEBICK, THE LAST OF THE GOTHS. 18<3 

Precious or aariphrygiate : bare of head 
He stood, all else in arms complete, and o*er 
His gorget's iron rings the pall was thrown 
Of wool undyed, which on the Apostle's tomb 
Gregory had laid, and sanctified with prayer ; 
Tliat from the living Pontiff and the dead, 
Replete with holiness, it might impart 
Doubly derived its grace. One Page beside 
Bore his broad-shadowed helm ; another's hand. 
Held the long spear, more suited in these times 
For Urban, than the crosier riclily wrought 
With silver foliature, the elaborate work 
Of Orecian or Italian artist, trained 
lo the Eastern capital, or sacred Rome, 
Still o'er the West predominant, though fallen. 
Better the spear befits the shepherd's hand. 
When robbers break the fold. Now he had laid 
The weapon by, and held a natural cross 
Of rudest form, unpeeled, even as it grew 
On the near oak that mom. 

Mutilate alike 
Of royal rites was this solemnity. 
Where was the rubied crown, the sceptre where, 
And where the golden pome, the proud nrrny 
Of ermines, aureate vests, and jewelry, 
With all which Leuvigild for after-kings 
Left, ostentatious of his power? The ^Moor 
Had made bis spoil of these ; and on the field 
Of Xeres, where contending multitudes 
Had trampled it beneath their bloody feet, 



134 southey's poems. 

'J'lie slaiiilard of the Golh^ forgotten lay 
Dclilcil. and rotting there in sun and rain. 
ITttfrly is it lost ; nor evermore 
Herald or antiquary's patient search 
Shall fium forgetfulness avail to »ave 
Tho^i! blazoned arms, so farully of old 
UtTiou-iied (lirough nil the aflrighied Occident. 
That biiiinei-, before which imperial Rome 
First lo a conqueror bowed her head aba^^cd ; 
Which when ihc dreadful Ttun, with all his powen, 
Can«! like a deluge rolling o'er the world, 
lladc head, and in the front of battle broke 
His force, till (hen rcsisliess ; which so oft 
Had wiih alieriiale fortune bmved the Frank ; 
Driven the Ityznntine from the farlhest shores 




HE LAST OP THE nOTtlS, 1S5 

E^oicing in his t>aliat« rage, and Jruiik 

With blood aud fury ? Did tlie auguiie.-s 

Ktiidi opeucd oil tliy »\nvil bring nidi Illvtti 

A |>eriluu.s cuuMilatiou, deadening lieurt 

JisA wul, ye», vtone than dcnih, that lliuu thmii^b 

Thj riicdiered way of life, evil ami goml. 
Thy pJTO» and thy virtues, had.it Imt been 
The poor, mere inslnimciit of things Dninincil ; 
Doing or auflering, impoleal alike 
Tn nlll or act; perpetually b«^aii>t^ked 
ll'ilh wnblance of volition, yet in all 
Blinil worker of the ways of destiny ? 
TliiK il,uii;^li( intoh-rnble, whldi in ihe Ijour 
Of noe indignant conscience had repelled, 
As liiile might it find reception now. 
When the regenerate spirit self-appi-oved 
Beheld its sacrifice complete. With fiiiih 
Elate, he saw the bannered Lion float 
It«rulgent, and recalled that thrilling eliout 
Whii'h he had heard when on Romano's grave 
The joy of victory woke him from his drettm. 
And $ent him with prophetic hope lo work 
Fulfilment of the great events ordained, 

There in imagination's inner world 

Prefigured to his souk 

Alone, advanced 

itefni'e the ranks, the Golh in silence stood ; 

While, from all voices round, loquacious joy 

Uin;;led its buzz continuous with the blast 



I8« 



sournEra i-okms. 



Of horn, stu-ill jiipc, aiid linkting cjinbnU* c! 

Antl HKiiid of deafening dium. But wlir.ii ihc 

Frill ce 
Drew nigh, and Urlwn, wiib ihe Cross upheld, 
Stepped farili to meet him, nil at once were stilled 
With insliuituneous hui'h ; ns when Ihe wind. 
Bcrore whose violeui gusis the forcsl-ooka, 
Tossing like billon-$ ihuir lempe-stuoiis hend 
Boar like a raging seat Mippends ilH fonx. 
And Icares so dead a cnlm thiil not n leaf 
Movee on the sllcnl spmy. The jias-sing airl 
Bore with it from itiu woodland iindi*iurl>ed f 
The ringdove's wooing, and ihc quiet voiCQ ^ 
Of waler^ warbling ntnr. 

" Son of a pac« J 
Of Heroes and of Kingr^" the Primate ihoi 
Addressed him, " iJiou in whom the Qgihic | 
Mingling with old Ibi-iia's halh restored 
To Spain a ruler of her native line, 
Stand forth, and in the face of God and 
Swear to u|>liold ihe righl, abate the wrongi i 
With equiiable hand, proteel ihe Cross 
Whereon th^ lips this day sliall seal ihoir t 
An^ underneath that hallowed ^j'mbol wa, 
Holy and Inexlinguisfaable war 
Against the accnri^^d nation that luuips 
Thy country's saered soil 1 " 

" So speak of 9 
Now and for evrr, my Dounlryroen I " 
RepUnl Pelayo; " and $o deal with me 



KOOBBICKy THE LAST OF THE GOTHS. 187 

Here and hereaAer, thou Almighty God, 
In whom I put my trust ! " 

" Lord God of Hosts," 
Urban pursued, ^ of Angels and of Men 
Creator and Disposer, King of Kings, 
Ruler of Earth and Heaven, — look down this day, 
And maltiply thy blessings on the head 
Of this thy servant, chosen in thy sigiit ! 
Be thou his counsellor, his comforter. 
His hope, his joy, his refuge, and his strength ; 
Crown him with justice and with fortitude ; 
Defend him with thine all-sufficient shield ; 
Surround him evervwhere with the rij;ht hand 
Of thine all-present i)ower, and with the might 
Of thine omnii)otence ; send in his aid 
Thy unseen Angels forth, that potently 
And royally against all enemies 
He may endure and triumph ! Bless the land 
O'er which he is appointed ; bless thou it 
With the waters of the firmament, the springs 
Of the low-lying deep, the fruits whieh Sun 
And Moon mature ibr man, the precious stores 
Of the eternal hills, and all the gifts 
Of Earth, iU wealth and fulness ! " 

Then he took 
Pelayo's hand, and on his finger placed 
The mystic circlet. " With this ring. O Prince! 
To onr dear Spain, who like a widow now 
Moumeth in desolation, I thee wed ; 
For weal or woe thou takest her, till death 



IS8 SOCTIIKT'S I-ORMS. 

Disjitirl the union. B« it blc»t lu lier. 
To llwe, and lo tli^ setd!" 

Til us wlitii be 
He gave (lie awaited sigiiul. Rodvnt^k brou^ 
Tlie buckler; — eiglit Rtr Bti-engili and sitUupe 

Came to thdr bonored ofBue: round tlie sliieldg 
Standing, they lower it for the Cbieflain'} fee! 
Then, 4owljr raised upon Uicir shouldei-^ lill i 
Tbe «[eady weight. Erect Pelayo Mimd^ 
And tbricB he' brand! aliea tbe buniUhed b 
While Urbua lo llie a^einhled people eries, 
" Spaniards, behold your Kiug ! " Tlie inulti 
Then sent fortli all (heir voieu with glad uvd 
liaising the lond Heal; ihricL- did the word 
Ring tbruugb (be air, and erbo from tbe i 
or Congas. Far and wide tbe thundering si 
Rolling among reduplicating rocks 
Pealed o'er the hiiU and U|> the mountain y 
The wild a^s, starting in rlie forest glade, 
Ron lo the covert ; the affrighted wolf 
Skulked (hroii};h ilie ibii^ket to a either hnik^ 
Tlie slugginb bear, awakened in bis dent 
Roused up and anijwered with a »ullen growls J 
Low4>reatbed and U>ng: nnd. m ibe uproar « 
The brooding ea^ from her n««t took wing. 



Ueroe* and Chiefs of old, and ye who bor» 
Firm to the la^t your part in that dread Mrifa 
When Julian and Witizo's viler race 



RODERICK, THE LAST OF TUE GOTUB. 189 



Betnijed tlieir ooantrr, }j«ar jh fnjm yon IbAven 

Tlie jojful aodmniauon whkh prr/cialm.* 

That Spain is bom a^zsun ! f} y*: who «J1':«] 

In tiiat disa&troas fi«:ld, an^i v^ « i^j kj 

Embracing with a manjr- y^*.^ v^ur '>:^:b 

Amid the flames of Aurla ; &.vi ;s.i v<: 

Tictinu inniimewAe. w£y>tf; /.T>r-. ^:.;/«:Si.* i 

On EartL. bcxr tf«ard iri 1 1 'A'* *-.:,. :t ,:.* >... ':.': ia/yj 

Went op for T*tT*a2>,-^ — Lr>: !:. -.i,.-, ;.*r '3^.- 

Is -i^t- aoi Tr:r.2-^' '^: ■»=-.. "-^ ;;.•'?:- 
IVe €:ar sids uar^ji-z-^:?- % r-i."".'.- -vi 



.-/!; •*.' 






• 
• ■ - * 



He 



O LfKc yje 



tf *>t.'-5i»:- •• 1.'. 

m 






Anc Z/kiun yum 'Ui*ni<i:i * .:»-'-.u' 



190 BOUTUKlf'a l-OKMS. 

fiat in Uieir co^tdlated f^lreiiglli ere lung 
To be d&iigiied Cn^lilc, u dealltlei^ iiaine; 
From uiidland ivjpoiis where Toledo reigui 
Proui] pity on her royal eroineiiee, 
And Tngiis l>end« lib sickle round llie scene 
Of Rudt-rick'.s lall : from ricli Rioja's lieldti 
Du-k Ebro'» eliurosi the walls of Salduba, 
Sem of tlie SedeUninns old, by Rome 
Cie^irian and August denumiiinte, 
Now Zaragozu, in this laier lime 
Above all cilie» of ilie eurlh renowned 
For duty perfectly [lerfomied ; East, West, 
And Soulli, where'i-r tlioir gatliered mullitudei,^ 
Urged by the gpeed of vigorous lyrunny, 
With moro llwii wiih eoniin<-'a^ural>le strenglli 
Hnste to prevent llie dniiger, em^li the liopea 
Of rising Sfioin, and rivet round lier o«A 
Tile eternal yoke, — the ravenous fowls of liei 
Flovk then' presentienl of tlieir food ubsiicn^ ' 
Following the accurst armies, whom ttxi wdl H 
They know their purveyors long. Pnivue I 



Ominous attendants! Ere the n 
Her horns, ihc^e purv^yora ^hnll t>ii 
And ye on Sfnoritih, not on Chrisiim 
Wearying yonr beaks, shall el<^ yot 
With foreign gore. Soon will yn Icnm ^ 
Followers and Itarbingera of blood, the flag 
Of Leon where it bids you to your fejwtl 
Terror nnd flight Bliall with that Rag go forth, \ 



n halh filled 



n flesh, 



BODERICK. THE LAsT OP THE GOTH5. 191 

And Hftrock. and (he Dog-^ of War and Dtaah, 
Tbou. Cdi^ioQza. vi:b cLf: zalziZr^i ^iream 
Of Der^ aj>i ml* ijO'a'-iv^>>.'ir./ ral^ 
Scwo ixa primiiial trlomi-L? vl.: 'r>:L'>l-i ! 
Xor shall the ^kfrlr?* •x 'hr lovt. r^ 1-^? 
Tbaa such ialra-sr>;L* pr>cil-f: vf '.ir? Lsi-rn . 

Of Samiagex ;£«£. Srs-: ipr^ri orrro^rr^i 

Lot JkJLZATm ar>I 'JLA' I»^r:r Zs^lTZ.^ '.Jom* 

m m 



^.^.ZZ^. 




r^j2j,ijL. ,*_^_ j:-.' •_ 






IQ2 



souTiiEV'a I 



nnt noon > 
e door, 



For it wtts tingling him amid [lie ci 
Obeying then ihe hand wliich l>eckollt^d him, 
He went with h»^arl prejiarod, nor shrinking n 
But armed with self-approving Ihouglilii ibnt hoim 
Entering in Ircmulciu^ haslG, he closed Ihe door, 
Anil turned lo clu$p her knees ; but, b I ^h« S{ 
Ucr urras, and, culchlng him in close embrace 
Fell on his neck, iind cried, "My Son, my S 
Era long, controlling that Br«t agony 
Witli effort of strong will, backward she Iwnl/ 
And gazing on bi$ head, now $h»m and gmytl 
And on his furrowed eounlennnee, eKduimed,^ 
" Slill, still my Roderiek I (he same noble mini 
The same heroic heart I Siill, sliUmy Son!" — 
" Chniiged, yet not whidly fallen, not wholly lost," 
He cried, — " not wholly in the sight of Uean[ 
Cnworihy, my Mother! nor In ihine." 
She locked her arm* again around his neck, ■ 
Saying, " Lord, let me now depart in peace 1 ' 
And bowed her head again, and silently 
Gave way to tear^ 

When that first force was ^ 
And pAfwion in exhauslment found relief,— 
" I knew liiee," said Rusilla, " when the dog ' 
Bose fVom my feei, and licked bh master's h 
All flashed upon me then. The instinctive » 
That goes noerringly where reason fails,— 
The voice, the eye (a mothers tlioughta are q 
MimeutoUB as tt seemed. — Siverian'a talt^-^ 
Fhirinda's — every action, — eveiy wor^— 



RODERICK, THE LAST OF THE GOTHS. 193 

Each strengthening each, and all confirming all, 
ReTealed thee, O mv Son ! But I re^tmined 
Mt heart, and vielded to tbv holier will 
The tbougfatat which rose to tempt a soul not yet 
Weaned whoUv from the world.** 

*• What I]iollr^llt^ ? " replied 
Jioderick. **Tliai I mi^rht i^m thee vet a;rain 
Such as ihou wert." »he aiirwere«i : - not alone 
To Heaven and me restored, but to tln>«.'ltl 
Thv Crown, thv Countrv. — all wiiliin tljv reach ; 
Heaven so disposing all things, that the m^ran^ 
Which wrouo^it the ill mi<rht work the remedv. 
Met bought I ^aw thee once aiL'ain tli*- hope. 
The strength, the pride, of Spain ! The miracle 
Which I beheld made all tiiinir^- ])cj<«ible. 
I know the inconstant \^i<>\\^'. how tijeir mind. 
With eveiy breath of px*-! or ill n-|»f»rt. 
Fluctuates, like summer «»ni U'ii.»iv the bn-eze : 
Quick in thdr hatred. quiek«'r in th<-ir love. 
GenertMS and hast v. soon wnu]«l iIm v re«lre*s 
AU wrong* of former obkxjuy. I tli.iui'ht 
Of happine^ restored, tlie br^Aen h«-:«rt 
Healed, and Count Julian, for hi- (iautrhier''^ "^ake. 
Tnmin«r in thv behalf airain-t th*.' Mf^^rs 
His powerful sword. All j»o**ibii !!;•-. 
That coakl be found or fam-ie^i. biiih ti r]p-:tm 
Before me ; Mich k^ ea^e-t niijlj: ijiu'l*^- 
A VJKx «pirii trained in palar^"". 
And not alone amid tli^ t^ait<'ri*'< 
OfTonth with thouniit^ of hiu'h .MTiiMiiori \^ 
rou IX. 



194 flOUTHEr'S l-OE 

Wh4^n nil is saii^bine, but llirougli years of m 
When sorrow sunotifieil Uteir tine, upheld 
By honorulile pride mid carilily tu>[ie*. 
1 tluHjgbl I jre( might nurse upon my kneo 
Some young Tln^ofrwl, mid see in liim 
Thy Fallier's iniag« and lliiiie own renewed, 
And lave tu iliirik tlu; little liaiul whieh thee 
PUyed wiili iht bnwble sbouM in atler-^lnys J 
Wield ihe trau^miited sceptre; tint lbrough|| 
The ancient seed slxiuld be peiijeluaie, - 
That precious seed revered so long, deeired • 
So dearly, and »o wondroualy preserved." 

•* Nay," he replied. " Heaven tiaiU not 

Scathed the proud <iinDiuit of iho tree, and K 

The trunk unllawed ; ne'er idjall it clullie iu booglb 

Again, nor pu-h again its «dij«ie forili. 

Head, root, aud bmncli. nil luoi-tilied alike I 

I>Mig ere lbei.e locks urere nliom bad I out 01 

The tbou;rhi« of royally! Tinte might rwiM 

Their growili, a« tiir Mmiunh's captive mhi i 

And I, loo, on the miscreant race, like him, i 

Might prove ray stmtgth re'^'enerate ; 

When, in it* second bent oatiriiy. 

My HMil was bom again through gmcei. this heart ■ 

0>"1 to the norld. DrennKi »acli t» thine pa 

Like evn>ing clouds before m.-. if 1 ibink 

[low bmulifi)! they seem, 'tis but to fe«I 

How soon tbcy fiuk, haw far>i tbe night il 



ildbooglb 



»<•!• 



I-A^T '.*f TZi iL'VTH*. 2 5t* 



euxt^r* INC. iicr X.ir^:r.::'f : 

Mu^s:: Tippc C^joxr «iuiaa ? rr jr: a-'i.*- ''^ vjr *7M 
And m*:- wr luur^ ▼ 11 xii- o-ni.* 'ju-..- ; -- ■ -jl_ 

Al Al4^ K IXf* lur riK r •'-— u-*. '.-u'. 

I: ▼*• III* "^if"!*.'- ar*" -^ f*. r :■ ■: -«•■" •;xi'.**»ri 

r2^ i- 1 X'Ti«-r ifci*.»-- ..^ Sir---:. ..::»-- 
Am. Hi*- T-D. y^ \^ 'iinr- 
X«f3l? * If* TTw^. '^ r -^ ^ . ■ • 



JmL 
Tlr- 
>■ ir— «i- ii?-- a*- «-r.^-r- ^■. 












191 



Perliapa in irJaJ olTercd lo my cboice, — 
Coiilil I present mysoll' bi.'fore thy eij^lit; 
Tlma only could en<lui« myself, or Rx 
My tliouglils upon tlial fenrtlil [lass, wlioro I 
8taii[)B in ihe Gnle of Heaven I Time p 
The healing work of sorrow is compleie ; 
All Tain desires hare long been weedeil oat, { 
All vain regrets inibdued ; llie hi?art is dead ; ^ 
The soul is ripe, and eager for her birth. 
Bles8 me, my Mother! aod, come wlicn it n 
The inevitable hour, we die in peace." 

So SHying. on her knees lie bowed his hctifi 
She raised her hand.s to Heaven, and bleal liert 
Then bending forward, aa he nwe, embraced \ 
And clasped him toiler hean,nndcrit^,'>Onoi 
Tbeodufred, with pride behold thy toa I " 



THE MOORISH CAMP. 

The times arc big with tidings: every hour, i 
From east and we^t and eomh, the brfathlcM j 
Bring swiA alarums in ; the gathering foe, 
Advancing from all quarters lo one point, 
Clo!<c their wide crcfcenL Nor was aid of fl 
To magnify their numbers, needed now 
rUey came in myriads. Africa bad pd 



RODERICK, THE LAST OF THE GOTHS. 11^7 

Fresh shoals upon the coast of wretched Spain ; 

Lured from their hungry deserts to the scene 

Of spoil, like vultures to the battle-field, 

Fierce, unrelenting, habited in crimes, 

Like bidden guests the mirtliful ruffians flock 

To tliat free feast, which, in their Prophet's name, 

Rapine and Lust proclaimed. Nor were the chiefe 

Of victory less assured, by long success 

Elate, and proud of that overwhelming strength. 

Which, surely they believed, as it had rolled 

Thus far unchecked, would roll victorious on, 

Till, like the Orient, the subjected West 

Should bow in reverence at Muhommed's name ; 

And pilgrims, from remotest Arctic shores. 

Tread with religious feet the burning sands 

Of Araby, and Mecca's stony soil. 

Proud of his part in Roderick's overthrow. 

Their leader, ^^j^nfi^j^j^m, came, a man 

Immitigable, long in war renowned. 

Here Magued comes, who on the conquered walls 

Of Cordoba, by treacherous fear b<?tniyed, 

Planted the moony standard ; Ibnihim here, 

Ele who, by Genii and in Darro's vales, 

Had for the Moors the fairest portion won 

Of all their spoils, — fairest and best maintfuned, — 

And to the Alpuxarras given in trust 

His other name, through them preserved in song. 

Here, too, Alcahman, vain t ting his late deeds 

kt Auria, all her cliildi*en by the sword 

Gut offy her bulwarks razed, her towers laid low. 



198 



SOOTHET'B I'OEKfl. 



Her dwellings by dcroaring flttmes oo 
Bloody and liard of Learl, he little W0fuc4, * 
Vaiu-bonHlful ctiicf I llial from iboae falul flai 
The fire of retribution had gone foilh, 
Wliich soon should wrap him round. 

Thor. 
Mere, too, were seen, Ebba nod Sisibcrt; 
A epurious brood, but of llieir pHrent'e cr 
Trae heii^ in guilt begotten, nnil in ill 
Trained up. The swne nnnaiunil rage lliotd 
Tbi'ir ^wonb ugniiisl Ibrir inanity, made t] 
Unmindful of their wrtti-hi^d moih^r's end, 
Pelttvo's life. No enmity is like 
Domestic hatred. For his blood tliey Uiiis^ ■ 
Aa if that racrifice might aalisty 
Wilixn's ^ilty gho«t, t-ffhce llio shame 
Of tlieir adulterous birth, and, one crime n 
Crowning a hideous conriH^ t^niuncipHte 
Thenceforth llioir spirits from nil earthly f«a 
TItis was their oiily care ; hut othin" ihciughlkA 
Were ruiikling in that elder villnln's mind. 
Their kin«fD(U) OrpH)!, h« of hII the crew, 
Wlio in this fsial visitation fell. 
The foule.'^t and the {a.Ueai wreldi that e'er 
RenouD(.-L>d his baptism. From bis cherivliedf 
Of royalty cot off, he coveted 
Coant Julian's wide domaiof. and, hopeless now 
To gain ihem through the daughter, laid bis loik 
Against the father's life. — the instrument 
Of bia ambition first, and now designed 



KODKttlCK, TIIK LAST Ol' THE GOTOS. 

lu viclini. To tliis end, wiih maiiou:^ hints. 
At favoring season veniured, he pos^^;s5e^l 



The leader'e miud ; then, e 


ubtlj- tbstcrbg 


The dtmbts himielf huti ^-o 


wn, with Iwlder eliarge 


He bade him warily rega 


ij 


Ijcst uudpmiNiih lui outwi 


MIOW ut Ih 


The heart uncircuincisnl 


reChrisiimi^till: 


Kbe wherefore hirf Kiwi 


lot olieyed 


Her dear-loved aire's <>xti 


tnd «iubrui'ed 


The saving triilh ? Else 


on.- wus li(^' band, 


Plighted lo him «o loiig, i 


withheld, 


Till ^he Imd fi.u.id 11 fillJn 


.11 r lo (ly 


With th^it !ii..L,.-i.,M,> I'riri 


who ticiw. in imns, 


Defied the Caliph's power i 


'—for who could doubt 



Thai in his company she tied, perhaps 

The mover of his flight ? What if the Count 

Himielf had planned the evasion which he feigned 

In sorrow to condemn ? What if slie went, 

A pledge assured, to tell the Mo untai Heel's, 

That, when they met the Mus£ulmen in the heat 

Of fight, her father, passing to their side, 

Would draw the victory with him? — Thus he 

breathed 
Fiend-like in Abulcacem'a ear his schemes 
or marderous malice ; and the course of ihiuga, 
Ere long, in part approving his discourse, 
Aided bis aim, and gave bis wishes weight. 
For scarce on the Asturian lerrtlory 
Had tbey set foot, when, with the speed of fear, 
CooDt Eudon, notbing doubting that their force 



aofTttitir'a roEus. 



Thus Eudoii 8[iake before (he lusembted d 
When instanllj a sti^rn itnd wi-atldlil roica 
Refilled, " I know Pelayo never made 
That aeuM^leSf promiiie I Hr who raised 
lAet foully ; but llie billcrest enemy 
That evur hunted for Peluj'o's life 
Haih never witli the charge of falsehood U 
His unme." 

The Baron liad not recognised 
Till iheo, beuenlh the turban's shadow log A 
Julian's swan vi.«ige, where the flerjr du«S i 
Of AA-iea, through inuny a year's long toaoj 
Had set their hue Inburnl. Something be fl 
In cguiik excoGe to »iy of common fame, 
Liglitly beljpved aud busily diffused, 
And tiiai no unmity had moved his speedi 
SepMting nitnor'a tale. Julian replied 



RODERICK, TH£ LAST OF THE GOTHS. 201 

* Count EudoD, neither for thyself nor me 
Excuse is needed here. The path I tread 
Is one wherein there can be no return, 
No pause, no looking back. A choice like mine 
For time and for eteriiitj is made, 
Once and for ever ; and as ea^ily 
The breath of vain reiiort might build again 
The throne which my just vengeance overthrew, 
As in the Caliph and his Captain's mind 
Affect the opinion of my well-tried truth. 
The tidings which thou giv'st me of my child 
Touch me more vitally : bad though they be, 
A secret apprehension of aught worse 
Makes me with joy receive them." 

Then the Count 
To Abulcacem turned his speech, and said, 
** I pray thee, Chief, give me a messenger 
By whom I may to this unhap])y child 
Despatch a father's bidding, such as yet 
May win her back. What I would say requires 
No veil of privacy ; before ye all 
The errand shall be given." 

Boldly he spake, 
Yet wary in that show of open truth, 
For well he knew what dangers girt liim round 
Amid the faithless race. Blind with revenge. 
For them in madness had he sacrilioed 
His name, his baptism, and his native Iun<l, 
To feel, still powerful as he was, tliat life 
Hung on their jealous favor. But his lieart 



202 southey's poems. 

Approved him now, where love, too long restrained, 
Resumed its healing influence, leading him 
Right on with no misgiving. " Chiefs," he said, 
" Hear me, and let your wisdom judge between 
Me and Prince Orpas ! Known it is to all, 
Too well, what mortal injury provoked 
My spirit to that vengeance which your aid 
So signally hath given. A covenant 
We made, when first our purjwse we combined. 
That he should have Florinda for his wife, 
My only child ; so should she be, I thought. 
Revenged and Iionored best. My word was given 
Truly ; nor did I cease to use all means 
Of counsel or command, entreating her 
Sometimes with tears, seeking sometimes with 

threats 
Of an affronted father's curse to enforce 
Obedience : that, she said, the Christian law 
Forbade ; moreover, she had vowed herself 
A servant to the Lord. In vain 1 strove 
To win her to the Prophet's saving faith; 
Using perhaps a rigor to that end 
Beyond permitted means, and to my heart, 
Which loved her dearer than its own life-blood, 
Abhorrent. Silentlv she suffered all ; 
Or, when I urged her with most vehemence, 
Only replied, I knew her fixed resolve. 
And craved my patience but a little while, 
Till death should set her free. Touched as I was, 
I yet persisted, till at length, to escape 



BODEIUCK. TVE I.jL^7 OJ 7H>. '^OlUt. t^A 



jnn«urccuri. *^ i^ : 

m m 

Han fiicM imd am*a n; 'a.^u ''.'i^r'', I fc;r*a- 

AZ IU*4EIir UlIC lUV MliL liU'l"' l;i ' ' l.'.i.-ir »'*. 

T: liHiiL Jj*^ vlL I nil" inr r-::.! '; ! - 

' 7 ;• •: <* *-■'. lu-j!.* 



« ' 



Au: ■»*-!• »-sa 'T^^. ■..- -* 



i>- a'j^i 






i*^ ixr* 



lU 






204 SOUTH et's roEMS. 

False i-wortis, fnbling creeds, and juggling pri« 

Wild, making saiiciiLy ihc clonk of sin, 

Laughed at t)ie (Ms an whose credulity 

They fiillened. To these arguments, wlioae won 

Piince Orpna, leiut of nil men, sliuuld impeach, ■% 

I nddt-d, like n soldier bred in ann.i. 

And to the subtleties of schools uitiiM-d, 

The flngrnnt fatrt, thai Uenven will) victory. 

Where'er ihey lunied, atttuiiKl and iippi-aveil 

The eho^ipii Prophet'^ mm?. If (hou wert stil 

The mitred Meiro|>o!ilnii. and I 

Some wreteh of Arian or of Hebrew rat-e, 

Tliy proper liunine^ then ini};hl he lu pry 

Anil quMtion mo for lurking Haws uf faith. 

We MuMiulmen, l'rine(> Orpns, lire benentb 

A wiser law, which, wilh the iniquitiea 

or thine old croft, halh abrogated this, 

lie foulest practice 1 " 

As Count Julian ceajie^ m 
From underneath his binek and gnlhcrod brow ' 
There went n look, wliirh, wiiU lho»« wary \i 
Bor<! to the heiirl of thut (iilse renegndc 
Their whole envenomed meaniii);. Haughtily ' 
Wthdmwing tlien his altered eyes, he wu'd, 
''Too much of thif! Retnm we lo the flurn 
Of my diMwurae. Let Abulcneem say. 
In whom the Cnliph speJiki, if with all fiiitti, 
Having c«Mycd in vnin all menns to win 
My child's consent, I may not hold bfnciibnh 
The covenant ditchnrged." 



RODERICK, T]f£ LAST OF THE GOTH8. fOo 

The Moor replied, 
'^ Well hast thoa said, and rightly inay^t assure 
TTiT daughter that the Prophet's K^ly law 
Forbids compoLf^ion. Give thine errand now : 
The messeager is here.** 

Then Julian said, 
" Go to Pelajo« and from him entreat 
Admittance to mr child, whereVr she be. 
Sav to her, that her father solemnly 
Annub the covenant with Orpas pltHlgfd, 
Nor with solicitations nor with threats 
Will urge her more, nor from tliat liberty 
Of faith restrain her, which the Prophet's law. 
Liberal as Heaven from whence it ciime, to all 
Indulges. Tell her that her father says 
His days are numbered, and Ix^seeches Imt, 
By that dear love which fi-om her infancy 
Still he hath borne her, growing as slie gn'w. 
Nursed in our weal and strengflioncd in our \vck\ 
She will not in the evening of his life 
Leave him forsaken and alone. Knoiigh 
Of sorrow, tell her, have her injuries 
Brought on her father's head ; let not her act 
Thus aggravate the burden. Tell htT, too. 
That, when he prayed her to return, ho wept 
Profusely as a child, but bitterer tears 
Than ever fell from childhood's eves were those 
Which traced his hardy cheeks." 

With faltering voice 
Be spake; and, after he had ceased fi-om s])eech. 



206 southey's poems. 

His lip was quivering still. The Moorish chief 

Then to the messenger his bidding gave. 

** Say," cried he, " to these rebel infidels, 

Thus Abulcacem, in the Caliph's name, 

Exhorteth them : ' Repent, and be forgiven ! 

Nor think to stop the dreadful storm of war, 

Wliich, conquering and to conquer, must fulfil 

Its destined circle, roUing Eastward now, 

Back from the subjugated West, to sweep 

Thrones and dominions down, till in the bond 

Of unity all nations join, and Earth 

Acknowledge, as she sees one Sun in heaven, 

One God, one Chief, one Prophet, and one Law. 

Jerusalem, the holy City, bows 

To holier Mecca's creed ; the Crescent shines 

Triumphant o*er the eternal pyramids ; 

On the cold altars of the worshippers 

Of Fire, moss grows, and reptiles leave their 

slime ; 
The African idolatries are fallen ; 
And Europe's senseless gods of stone and wood 
Have had their day.* Tell these misguided men, 
A moment for repentance yet is left, 
And mercy the submitted neck will spare 
Before the sword is drawn ; but, once unsheathed. 
Let Auria witness how that dreadful sword 
Accomplisheth its work ! They little know 
The floors, who hope in battle to withstand 
Their valor, or in fight escape their rage ! 
Amid our deserts, we hunt down the birds 



RODERICK, THE LAST OF THE GOTHS. 207 

Of heaven, — wings do not save them ! Nor shaU 

rocks 
And holds and fastnesses avail to save 
These Mountaineers. Is not the Earth the Lord's? 
And we his chosen people, whom he sends 
To conquer and possess it in his name ? 



XXI. 
THE FOUNTAIN IN THE FOREbT. 

The second eve had closed upon their march 
Within the Asturian border, and the Moors 
Had pitched their tents amid an open wood 
Upon the mountain-side. As day grew dim, 
Their scattered fires shone with distineter light 
Among the trees, above whose to[) the smoke 
Diffused itself, and stained tiie evening sky. 
Ere long the stir of occupation ceased ; 
And all the murmur of the busv host, 
Subsiding, died away, as through the camp 
The crier, from a knoll, proclaimed the hour 
For prayer appointed, and with sonorous voice, 
Thrice, in melodious modulation full, 
Pronounced the highest name. '^ There is no God 
But God !" he cried ; '^ there is no God but God ! 
Mahommed is tlie Prophet of the Lord ! 
Come ye to prayer ! to [)ruyer ! The Lord is great ! 
There is no God but Grod ! " Thus he pronounced 



208 



soutiikt's rOEMS. 



His ritual rorm, mingling with boliest tnilli 
The aiidftfious name accurst. The multituil? 
Mude their ahlulions in the mountain -stream 
Obedient, then their faces lo the enrtb 
Beat in formality of ea^y prayer. 



An arrow's flight above tlint monninjn-str 
Tliere was a little gluile, where, underneath 
A long, snkootli, inoi'^y slone, a founlai 
An oak grew near, aiid with its ample boughe 
0*ercanopicd ilic sjirtn^: its fretted roots 
Embossei] the bank, and an llicir tuDeit bark 
Grew phuils which lore the moblure and '- 

shade, — 
Short fernff, and longer leaves of wrinkleil green, 
Which bent toward the spring, and, when the win 
Made itself fell, just touched with gentle dip 
The glassy surface, nifflei] ne'er hut then, 
Save when a bubble, risiug from Ihe depth. 
Burst, and with faintest circles marked its ] 
Or if an insect skimmed it with its wSng, 
Or when in heavier drops the galhered rain 
Fell I'rom lliG oak's high bower. The mountai 
When, having drnnk there, be would bound ai 
Drew up upon the bank hi$ meeting fed, 
And put forth half hh force. Wirh silent lapa 
From thence through mossy banks the water si 
Then, murmuring, haatnned lo the glen below. 
Diana might have loved in llial sweet spot 
To take Uer noontide real ; and wlitm she slot 



BODEUCK, TaS LAST OF TDE GOTHS. 209 

Hot frem the chase, to drink, well pleased had seen 
Her own bright crescent, and the brighter face 
It crowned, reflected there. 

Beside that spring 
Count Julian's tent was pitched upon the glade ; 
There his ablutiops Moor-like he performed. 
And Moor-like knelt in prayer, bowing his head 
Upon the mossj bank. There was a soun<l 
Of voices at tlie tent when he arose ; 
And, lo ! with hurried step a woman came 
Toward him. Rightlj then his heart presaged ; 
And, ere he could behold her countenauc*e, 
Florinda knelt, and with upliAed arms 
Embraced her sire. He niisod lier from tlie ground, 
Kissed her, and cLisped her to his heart, and said, 
^ Thou hast not, then, forsaken me, my child ! 
Howe'er the inexorable will of Fate 
May, in the world which is to come, divide 
Our everlasting destinies, in this 
Thou wilt not, O my child ! al>andon me." 
And then, with deep and internipted voice, 
Nor seeking to restrain his copious tears, 
•* My blessing be ujwn thy hca<l/' hv cried, 
*• A father's blessing ! Tlioujrh all faiths were false, 
It should not lose its worth ! ** Shv. locked her 

hands 
Around his neck, and, gazing in his face 
Through streaming tears, exclaimed, "Oh, never 

more. 
Here or hereaAer, never let us part I " 

VOU IX. P 



2iU soLTHK.TS roKMS. 

Ami, breathing then a prayer in silence forth. 
The name of Je»ua (r«mble<l on hiT twi^ie. 

"Whom h(wt tlKMi llwre?" cried Julian. 
drew buck, 
S««ing that near ihem stood a meagre iiuin 
In htimblo gnrb, wito rested with nused liands 
Oil a long staff, bending hh head like one 
Who, witen lie hears the iti^tant vi-^per-bcll, 
HaUs by the way, and, all iinM«n of men, 
OtTers his homage in tliu eye of lienvL-n. 
She answereil, " Let not. my Jeur liicbi-r tiowR 1 
In anger on his child. Tliy lueiisenger 
Told me tJutt I sluHild be re^niined no more 
From liberty of fitilh. wliii'h tlv* n*w law 
Iiiclulge<l lo nil. tlow »oon t:iy liuur urigbt o 
I knew nut i and, nllbough thiit Uoiir will brii^a 
Few terrors, yet mclliink^ I would luM lie 
Wilhnut a Cliriatian comforter in de«ih." 



" A Pri«?*t I " exclaimed the Count, mid. dniwing 
hai^k, 
Stooped fur bis turbaii, that he mi^it not luck 
Some oulwnrd symW of H|>ost»<iy i 
For itliU in war his nonled urms he wore, 
Nor for the rimeter had changed ihe sword 
Accustomed lo his hand. He covered now 
Hi* short gray hair, and under tlte wliile fuldi. i 
His swarthy brow, which gathered ns he rtue. 
Darkened. •* Oh, frown not tlius ! " Florinda ■ 



aODKKICK, TH£ LAST OF THE GOTHS. 211 

** A kind and gentle counsellor is this, « 

One who pours balm into a wounded soul, 

And mitigates the grie& he caimot heal. 

I told him I had vowed to pass mj days 

A servant of the Lord, yet that my heart, 

Hearing the message of thy love, was drawn 

With powerful yearnings back. * Follow thy heart; 

It answers to the call of duty here,' 

He said;, 'nor canst thou better serve the Lord 

Than at thy father's side/ " 

Count Julian's brow, 
While thus she spake, insensibly relaxed. 
•• A Priest ! " cried he, " and thus with even hand 
Weigh vows and natural duty in the scale? 
In what old heresy hath he been trained ? 
Or in what wilderness hath he escaped 
The domineering Prelate's fire and sword ? 
Come hither, man ! and tell me who thou art'' 

" A sinner," Roderick, drawing nigh, replied, 
" Brought to re|)entance by the grace of God, 
And trusting for forgiveness through the blood 
Of Christ in humble hope." 

A smile of swm 
Julian assumed, but merely from the lips 
It came ; for he was troubled while he gazed 
On the strong countenance and thoughtful eye 
Before him. "A new law hath iK'en proclaimed," 
Said he, ^ which overthrows in its career 
The Christian altars of idohitry. 



212 



bodthey's rOEM9. 



What think'sl Uiou of ihe Propl.ei ? " — HwJe™ 

Made answer, "I am in iLe Moorish cani|i. 

Aud he who oskcth is a Mujsulmiin ; 

How, then, should I reply?" — "Snfely," rcjoiiM 

The renegade, "and freely mayat thou spi^itk 

To all that Julian usiu. Is not the yoke 

Of Mecca easy, and \U burden light?" 

" Sjiain huth not found it so," tlie Gotli replied, 

And, groaning, luined awsy lus ii 



Count Julian knit hU hraw, mid Moud uwhile 
Rugimltng him wiib raediiniivii pye 
In sileniw, "Thou an honest loo!" he cv'ivAi 
" Wliy, 'twas In quest of suoh h man as ihia 
TliHt tlie old Grecian sejirdied liy lautum-ti^U, 
In open day, the oily"* crowded strt^ts, 
So rure he deemed the rirtuc. Honei^ty 
And sense of iiulurul duly in a Priest ! 
Now for a niirade, ye Suiils of Sjiun ! 
1 shall not pry loo dosely for the wires j 
For, seeing what I nee, ye have me now 
In the believing mood." 

-Oble^dSHtmx! 
Florinda crle*), "'lis from iho bille^lle<^f, 
Not from the hardness, of ihe heart he *peak«; 
Hear him, and in your goodneea pve the scoff 
Tlie virtue of a prayer 1 " So saying, she r 
Her handg, lu fervcni action clapped, to Heavenfij 
Then as, still clasped, ihey fell, toward Iicr sire 
She turned her eyei>, beholding him through U 



BODCUCK, TSE XJLST OF THE GOTH5. 21^ 

The kiok. ihe gesture, sod that *dleni voe. 
S-nrfiCDed her htJtxrs bt^rL vLicli in ihi? boor 
Wa^ Often to tbe iitfl oezkces of kire. 
- Prita4. iLt vocaiioD were a bitssed one,*" 

m 

Smid Jii]2aji. ■* if ii* inii*iiiT i»c»»er •trt* used 

To ksften boimui mis^rr. d<i: io >vv1] 

Ttir nMonifal sum. alreaiiv al] i<.o ^n.-ax. 

in K^ ihT ionner oiL*UD>el ?<lK»uld implj, 

Tboo ait Doi oue wbo woul<l foT his enfCs sake 

Trei wiih coirn>^]Te> and indfunr ibe wound. 

Wlucb tbe pDor sufferer bnnjs to ibee in tmst 

That tbcm with vimious balm wilt bind it up : 

I£ as I tiunL thou art not cmr of tbo>e 

Wbofe TiDaDT makes honest men tuni Mocirs, — 

TbciQ tben wilx answer miih unbu?^ mind 

What I shall ask thee, and exon-ir^ ihu- 

Tbe sici and fererisb consdeniv c»f mv child 

From inbred phantoms, fiend-likv, whioh ]iossess 

Her innocent spirit. Children wt- ar^ all 

Of one great Father, in whaievt-r clime 

Nature or chance bath ca-=t the seed* of life, 

AH tongues, all colors- Xtriihvr afier death 

Shall we be sorted inio lan^a^s 

And tints, — white. bL'tck. and tawnv, Greek and 

Goili. 
NortbmeOi and offspring uf hot Afrii^a : 
The All-Father — He in whom we live and move. 
He the isdifivrent Jiid;;*- "i" all — n-'pinl-* 
Nation* and hues and dialei.^t* alike : 
4ooording to their works >h:iii tlit-y U* judgi^L 



iU BODTHET3 I'OEMS. 

When even-h»nfle<l Justice in the eoile 
Tlieir good and evil weighs. All creeds, I « 
Agree in tliis, and Hold it orthodox." 

Boderiuk, per<!eiving here that Julian pau»ed, I 
As if he w&ited for acknowledgment 
Of that plain truth, in motion of assent 
Inclined his brow mmplncf^ntly, and «aid, 
" Even so : what follows ? " — " This," resnme<l | 

Connl; 
" That creeds, like colors Iwing hnt aocideot. 
Are therefore in the scale impondertihlb. 
Thou seest my nieaning: that from evety Isitb, 
As every clime, ilicrc is a way to Heaven ; 
And lliou and I may meet in Paruilise." 

"Oh, grant it, God!" cried Kmlerirk ferventHI 
And smote hi* breast, — "oh, grant it, grHcioiia G 
Through the dear hlnod of JctUS, grant that he ' 
And I may meet ht-fore the m ercy -throne ! 
That were a triumph of Hwleeming Love, 
For which admiring Angels noald r«iitw 
Their hallelujahs tlirough llie choir of Heaven (^ 
"Man!" quoth Count Julian, "whuntfoio an 

moved 
To this strange passion? I require of thee 
Thy judgment, not (hy prayers." 

" Be not displea 
In geatle voice subdued the Goth replies; 
"A prayer, from whatsoever lip« ii (tow, 



KODKRICK, THE LAST OF THE GOTH3. 215 

Bt thine own rule, should find the way to Heaveiu 

So thai the heart in its sinceritv 

Stniightfbrward breathe it forth. I, like thyself. 

Am all untrained to subtilties of speech. 

Nor competent of this great argument 

Thou openest ; and perhaps shall answer thee 

Wide of the words, hut to the purport home. 

There are to whom the light of gospel-truth 

Hath never reached : of such I needs must deem 

As <^ the sons of men who had their dav 

Before the light was given. But, Count, for those 

Who, bom amid the light, to darkness turn, 

Wilful in error, I dare only say, 

Grod doth not leave the unliappy soul without 

An inward monitor; and, till the grave 

Open, the gate of mercy is not closed." 

" Priest-like ! " the renegade replied, and sliook 
His head in scorn. " What is not in the orafl 
Is error ; and for error there shall he 
No mercy found in Him whom yet ye name 
The Merciful ! " 

" Now Grod forbid," rejoined 
The fallen King, " that one who stands in need 
Of mercy for his sins should argue thus 
Of error ! Tliou hast said that thou and 1, 
Thou dying in name a Mussulman, and I 
A servant of the Cross, may meet in Heaven. 
Time was when in our fathers' ways we walked 
Begardlessly alike ; faith Ixung to each, — 



S16 soutitkt's romiB. 

P(ir so fiir ihou hnst rensoned riglilly,— like 

Our country's Insliion and our mothi^r-longue, 

Of mere inhcriMiiue, — no Ihing of clioii'u 

In judgment flxcd, nur I'ooied in the heart. 

Mc have llie arrows of cnlamitj 

Sore litrieken ; sinking undcrncNth tlic weight 

Of sorrow, yet more lieavily oppressed 

Beneulh Uii; harden of my sins, I lurnt-d 

In tlinl drcnd hour lo Ilitn who froui the Crosa | 

Calls lo the lienvy-!adcn. There I found 

Belief and comfort : ttiere I hnve my hope, 

My streiiglh, and my atdvation ; thun;, Jie gi 

R«tidy bent-nth my feel uud Heaven in view, 

I to the King of Teiron «ay, ' Come, Denlti [ 

Come quii!kly I ' Tbou, loo, wert a «trickea d 

Julinn, — God pardon the uiihft|)py hand 

Thai wounded thee ! — bul whither dtdst ihon go 

For healing? Tliou haat turned away from Him, 

Wlio wiilh, • Forgive a^ yo would be forglvi 

And, ihal the Moorish sword might do thy worked 

Received the croed of Mecca: wilh what fniil 

For Spiiin, let tell her e4tie5 sacked, her m. 

Slaughtered, her daughters than thine < 

chUd 

More ftnilly wrongwl, more wretched. For thys 
Tlinii hnt hnd ihy fill of rengeance, and perhapi 
Tlie i-up wRs sweot i but it hath left behind 
A bitlrr relis'h. Gladly would ihy soul 
Forget the pa.il : ag little canst thou bear 
To send into futurity thy thoughts. 



RODERICK, THE LAST OF THE GOTHS. 217 

And for this Now, what is it, G>uiit, but fear, — 
However bravely thou mayst bear thy front, — 
Danger, remorse, and stinging obloquy ? 
One only hope, one only remedy, 
One only refuge, yet remains. My life 
Is at thy mercy, Count. Call, if thou wilt, 
Thy men, and to the Moors deliver me, 
Or strike thyself: death were from any hand 
A welcome gift ; from thine, and in this cause, 
A boon indeed. My latest words on earth 
Should tell thee that all sins may be effaced, 
Bid thee repent, have faith, and be forgiven. 
Strike, Julian, if thou wilt, and send my soul 
To intercede for thine, that we may meet, 
Thou and thy child and I, beyond the grave." 

Thus Roderick spake, and spread his arms as if 
He offered to the sword his willing breast, 
With looks of passionate persuasion fixed 
Upon the Count, who, in his first access 
Of anger, seemed as though he would liavc called 
His guards to seize the Priest. The attitude 
Disarmed him, and that fervent zeal sincere, 
And, more than both, the look and voice, which 

like 
A mystery troubled him. Florinda, too, 
Hung on his arm with both her hands, and cried, 
** O father, wrong him not ! he speaks from God I 
Life and salvation are upon his tongiK'. ! 
•lodge thru the value of that I'aith whereby. 



218 soui 

Reflecting on tlie pasi, I u 

And to ihe end of nil look on with joy 

Of hope assured ! " 

"Pence, innocent!" replin 
The Count, ami from her hold vt\ 
Then, with a galliercd hruw of n 
Rather than wrath, mgarding Roderick, ~aid, 
" Thou preaches! that all sins may be elTaeed : 
la there fbrgiveue^ Cbristtaji, in thy ereed 
For Roilerick'8 crhne?" — "For Ro«ti-.rick anJl 

Count Julinii," said Ihu Golh. ami, a^ he spoke, 
Treinliled tlirough every Klins of bis A-ame, 
" The gute of Heaven b o|)en." Julian threw 
His wriilliful bniid alofl, tuid crie<], " Away [ 
Earth (»uld nut liold m both, nor can one Heat^ 
Contain my deadliest eiieiay and int!!" 

" My father, say not Urns ! " Floriiula cried ; 
" I have forgiven him 1 1 luive [iraywl for him 1 
For hiai. for tliM, and ftir inywJf, I poor 
One caaalanl prayer to Heaven 1 " In pftsftion t] 
She knell, and betiding back, with ftrtns nod fao 
Raised toward the sky, the su|<plieant «xclniui«j 
■■ Redeemer, heal hi* heart 1 It is ihe grief 
Wliich feitters there that hath liewildereil him t i 
Save liiin, Redeemer 1 by thy precJous death 
Save, save him, O my God ! " Then on her A 
She fell, and ihns with bittemeis^ pumued 
In dlent throes hur sgouiElng prayer. 



RODERICK, TIfE LAST OF THE GOTHS. 219 

^ Afflict not thus thyself, my child ! " the Count 
Exclaimed : ^ O dearest, be thou comforted ! 
Set but thy heart at rest, I ask no more ! 
Peace, dearest, peace ! " and, weeping as he spake. 
He knelt to raise her. Roderick also knelt : 
** Be comforted," he cried, " and rest in faith 
That Grod will hear thy prayers ! — they must be 

heard. 
He who could doubt the worth of prayers like thine, 
May doubt of all things ! Sainted as thou art 
In sufferings here, this miracle will be 
Thy work and thy reward ! " 

Then, raising her. 
They seated her upon the fountain's brink, 
And there beside her sate. The moon had risen ; 
And that fair spring lay blackened half in shade. 
Half like a burnished mirror in her light. 
By that reflected light. Count Julian saw 
That Roderick's fece was bathed with tears, and 

pale 
As monumental marble. ** Friend," said he, 
** Whether thy faith be fabulous, or sent 
Indeed from Heaven, its dearest gift to man, 
Tliy heart is true ; and had the mitred Priest 
Of Seville been like thee, or hadst thou held 
The place he filled — But this is idle; talk ; 
Things are as they will be ; and we, jioor slaves, 
Fret in the harness as we may, must drag 
The Car of Destiny where'er she drives, 
Inexorable and blind ! " 



S20 souTHEr's I'OKMS. 

'■ wttitdiei! inon," 
Cried Roderick, " if tliou sickest to nasuage 
Tliy wuunilnd spirit with tlint ddidly ilrug, 
HclIV sulitlesl venom t I^ook to tliinc own liei 
Wlitrra tliou luul Will aiid CiinsdRuce to belie 
This juggling ^plii»lr/. and lead lliee yd 
Tlirougli penilt-nre to Ilvaven 1 " 

" Whale'erit^ 
That governs us," b inuumAil tone lUe Count 
Replied, " Fnle, Provident*, or AlltJi's will. 
Or ^t■ckl<^M Fortune, eliU the effect llie same, — 
A wofld of evil and of tnisery ] 
Look where wo will, wo meol it ; wliereaoe'er 
We go, we bear it witli us. Here we sit 
Upon the margin of this peaceful spring ; 
And, oh ! what volumes of calamity 
Would be unfolded here, if either heart 
Lnid open its sad re«inls I Tell me not 
Of goodness 1 Either in Kime freak of pownr 
This frame of things wn* fashioned, then cast oVM 
To take if own wild course, the gpori of chanced^ 
Or the Bad S))irit o'er tlie Good prevaiU, 
And in the eternal conflict hath arisen 
Lord of the asecmlant I ** 

" Rightly wouldst thou « 
Were there no world but this," I bo Goth rcplia 
" The hnppicit cliild of eiulh tlint e'er veu» mark| 
To l)e the minion of prospfriiy, 
RicliesI In corporal giflii and wealth of mind. 
Honor and fame ntlemliug him ahmiid. 



BODERICK, THE LAST OF THE GOTHS. 221 

Peace and all dear domestic joys at home, 
And sunshine till the evening of his days 
.Closed in ^inthout a cloud, — even such a man 
jWould from the gloom and horror of liis lieart 
IConfirm thy fatal thought, were this world all. 
Oh ! who could bear the haunting mystery, 
If death and retribution did not solve 
The riddle, and to heavenliest harmony 
Reduce the seeming chaos ? Here we see 
The water at its well-head ; clear it is, 
Not more transpicuous the invisible air ; 
Pure as an infant's thoughts ; and here to life 
And good directed all its uses serve. 
The herb grows greener on its brink ; i^weet flowers 
Bend o'er the stream that feeds their freshened 

roots; 
The redbreast loves it for his wintry haunts, 
And, when the buds begin to open forth, 
Builds near it with his mate their brooding nest ; 
The thirsty stag, with widening nostrils, there 
Invigorated draws his copious draught ; 
And there, amid its flags, the wild boar stands 
Nor suffering wrong nor meditating hurt. 
Through woodlands wild and solitary flclds, 
Unsullied thus it holds its bounteous course ; 
But, when it reaches the resorts of men, 
The service of the city there defiles 
The tainted stream; corrupt and foul it flows 
Through loathsome banks and o'er a bod impure, 
Till in the sea, the appointed end to which 



222 



SOUTHKT'a rOEMS. 



Through all iu way it hastens, 'tia rpreived. 

And, latiDg nil [lollutioii, minglefi tlic-n; 

In ihe wide vaM of waters. Sn is it 

With llic great st renin of things, if all were fieu 

Good the beginning, good tlie end siiall be. 

And transitory evil only ninku 

The good end Impjiier. Agea puis awny, 

Tlironiis fall, and nulions di^appi^ar, and worlds 

Grow old and go to wreck : the soal alone 

Endures, and what ahe dioo^eih for herself, 

The arbilM- of lier omi destiny, 

Tbal only shall be permanent. 

" But guilt, 
And all our suffering ? " said [he Count. Th« Golh 
Replied. " Repentance inkolh sin iiwav ; 
Dtukib remedies llie rest." Soothed by the straia 
Of 8ueh dleooune, Juliaa was silent (hen. 
And Mile contomplaiing. Florinda, too, 
Wa« calmed. *^ If »ore experience may be (1 
To leacb the uses of advereity," 
She »aid, " a\ag I who beiler learned than I 
In that «ad school? \Metbinks, If ye would know« 
How visitations of calamity 
Affect the pious Mill, 'ri« nliown ye there ! 
Look yonder at tluU cloud, which, through the al 
Sailing alone, doih cro«e, in her career, 
The rolling Moon 1 ! watched il as it came, 
And deemed the de«p opake would hlol her b 
But, melting like a wreath of ^now, it hangs 
In folds of WKvy silver mnnd, and clothes 



BODEBICK, THE LAST OF THE GOTHS. 2%H 

The orb with richer beauties than her own, 
Then, passing, leaves her in her light serene." 

Thus haTJng said, the pious sufferer sate, 
Beholding with fbced eyes that lovely orb. 
Till quiet tears confused in dizzy light 
The broken moonbeams. They, too, by the toil 
Of spirit, as by travail of the day 
Subdued, were silent, yielding to the hour. 
The silver cloud diffusing slowly passed, 
And now, into its airy elements 
Besolved, is gone ; while through the azure depth 
Alone in heaven the glorious Moon pursues 
Her course appointed, with indifferent beams 
Shining upon the silent hills around. 
And the dark tents of that unholy host. 
Who, all unconscious of impending fate, 
Take their last slumber there. The camp is still : 
The fires have mouldered, and the breeze whicli stirs 
The soft and snowy embers just lays bare 
At times a red and evanescent light, 
Or for a moment wakes a feeble flame. 
They by the fountain hear the stream Im*Iow, 
Whose murmurs, as the wind arose or fell, 
Fuller or &inter reach the ear attuned. 
And now the nightingale, not distant fur, 
Began her solitary song, and poured 
To the cold moon a richer, stronger strain 
Than that with which the lyric lark (salutes 
The new-born day. Her deep and thrilling song 



324 eocTUET's poems. 

SeeoitU with iu plerung melody lo readi 
The ftoul) and in myalerJoua uiiisvn 
BIciiJ wilh all tlioughu of geuUeueBd and luv& ' 
Their heariA wore open to the beoliug poww 
Of Dalurej and ibe splendor of Uie night. 
The flow of waters, and thai ^weeteai lay, 
Came to thera like a copious eveuiog dew 
Falling on vernal herbs which thirst for rain> 



THE MOORISH COUNCIL 

Thts they beside th« Ibuniain sme, of Ibod 
And rest Ibrgtiiul^wljen a tnesaenger 
Summoned Couui Juliwi lo the Leader's tenL 
Iu council therf, iit l)ml lute hour, he fotiiid 
The aadembli^d Chiefs, on sudden tidings uidled 
Of uiiexpecied weight from Cordoba. 
Jealous [hat Abdalaeiz had usiiuui^d 
A I'cgnl alaie, affecting tu his court 
The Ibiins of Gothic sovereignly, the Moors, 
Whom artful spirtu of antbliious mould 
Stirred up, bad risen aguinat him In revolt; 
And he wlio late had in the CuUpli's name 
Ruled from the Oceaii to Ihe Pyrcueea, 
A mutJlaic and headless au-caiJi now, 
From pitying hands receiTed beside the road 
A buty grave) scarce hidden there from dogx 



y 



RODEBICK, THK LAST OF THE GOT1I3. 225 

And nLYeos, nor from wintry rains secnre. 
She, toa who in the wreck of S^min pri»siTVi*d 
Her queenly rank, the wife of Koileriok iirst. 
Of Abdalaziz atler, and to both 
Alike unhappy, shared the ruiu now 
Her oounsels had brought on : for she had lod 
The infatuate Moor, in dangerous vauntery, 
To these aspiring forms ; so should he gain 
Respect and honor from the Mussuhnan, 
She said, and that the obedience of the Goths 

• 

Followed the sceptre. In an evil hour 

She gave the counsel, and in evil hour 

He lent a willing ear: the )>opular rage 

Fell on them both; and they, to whom her name 

Had been a mark for mockery and rcpix>ach, 

Shuddered with hummi horror at her fate. 

Ayub was heading the wild anarchy ; 

But, where the cement of authority • 

Is wanting, all tilings there arc dislocate : 

The mutinous soldiery, by every cry 

Of rumor set in wild career, w(*rc driven 

By every gust of passion, setting up 

One hour what in tlie impulse of iha next. 

Equally unreasoning, they destroyed : thus all 

Was in misrule where uproar gave the law ; 

Andj ere from far Damascus tlH*y could Icnrn 

The Caliph's pleasure, many a moon must pass. 

What should be done? Shouhl Ahulcaccm nuircb 

To Cordoba, and in the CaliphV name 

Assume the power which to his rank in arms 

VOL. IX. Q 



326 souTiiEiv's roF.113. 

Biglitlj' devolved, re&toring ilius the r<!4;ii 

or oiilei*; or pursue, with quickeaed Kpu«(l, 

The end of This great armament, and vrusit 

Rebellion Rnl, llieii to dome.'tlic ills 

Applj his undivided mind and loroe 

Vii'lorious? " Wliiit, in this emei-gency, 

Wuj Juliun's uuunsel," Abuteuceni wked: 

" Should iiiey accomplish soon their enterpiiMiB 

Or would the iiuurgent infiJcIs prolong 

The contest, seeking by protiracied war 

To weaiy them, and iTDsting in the sIrcngUi 

Of Uieae wild hills?" 

Julian replied, " Th« C 
or tliie revolt is ivai-y, rc-«lulo, 
or approved worih in war : a desperate pan 
Ue for himsolf deliWratoly lialh chcueii, 
ConBding in ihc hereditary love 
Dome lo him by iheM) luti'dy Mount niiir«n, — 
A tuvc which hiit own noble qualiiie^ 
Have gtrenglbeued so, iliat every heart is hie. 
When ye can bring ihtsm lo ilie u[)en pmoT 
Of battle, ye will find (hem in his uauae 
Lnviali of lift^ : but well they know the Klmagt 
Of tlieir own faatiiessed, — the mounlain patlts ^ 
Impervious to pun^uit, the vaaiages 
Of roi'k and pass unit woodland und ravine: 
And hardly will ye leui|it ibem lo forego 
The^e luttunil aidi^ wbitrein they put iheir 
Ait iu their stuhboni spirit, each nlike 
Deemed by ihemHelves inriiidblct and m* 



1.A5T OF IME «-:*71B. tig 



AzflC «^De£T Gt!pa. leirinr uiem k> xiibzumic 

^ iMmj idbBH: iiie hope of exn^iri-^. 

X*2ieir sOfSDsdi litamr loid. Time, in & fom Ite 



die aSr uf ibosie wiio tm:? ixi liini : 
'dttOL wjah InBfe. tout ciTf-uAHL. <Iiic fenis 
dJHUfriif the diifff : kreh: nu^ lie i!uzi«d 
Bt £nrdiQiBHrr« odien- It iLe ?:iruke 
or imtiiR' or </ poiifT cm c£ 
Tbk> WA& ibe amnHd wiiicii is C-ardcilia 
I affoTsd Abdalaadz : in m iiour 
Ke^MSmp h. lie f«in njioii tiii^ ^ar 
BQf fioberV faiilifiii irieud I Ihtrc are iltt: wstv 
or DesOiDT * Had I btierj a: iii> sid^-. 
Old Mm wamkSi not oair bavt* juoumt^:. nif ace 
liefi diildKes&. nor had Arul- dared dtffr 

Calk fir tUoe iimaiii pr<e?«D€^ wiib tiie veigiiS 
or tfar IfgiiiinMi e amlioritT.*' 

^ JoBbl^ flBid Orpasw mruiiur inwa t^en^'Hib 
Hv tarfam to llie Ckmnt a cn&fiv evt:, 
* Tfar Aai.gi,!^ jf. retuTDed : doit. ^Ur iiv»i Urin^ 
flf die morementi- of liie iue ^ ** 



228 boutuet's pokms. 

The Count replied, " Wlien L-hilil and pnrcnt meet, 

Firsl reconciled from disconU-nls wbicli wrung 

The hearts of both, ill should their co 

Of warlike mattertt ! There tiath been no tint 

For sudi in(]uiries ; neither sitould I think 

To ask her touching that for which I know 

She linlh neither eye nor thought." 

" There wiu a linu 
Orpas with smile malignant thud replied — 
"When in the progress of ihe Caliph's arms 
Count Julian's dHughler hud an interest 
Whii'h touched ln?r ni-itrly 1 But her lum is serr^, 
And hatred of Prince Orjins may beget 
LidifTerence lo Ihe cau^e. Yet Destiny 
Still guideth to the service of the faith 
Tlie wayward heart of woman i for as one 
Delivered Roderick to (he avenging ^word. 
So hath anolher at tliid hour beli-ayeil 
Pelayo lo his fall. His Msler came 
At nightfall to my lent a fugitive. 
She lells me, that, on learning our approach. 
The rebel to a cavern in the hilln 
Had sent hie wife and children, and with tl 
Those of his fotlowcrs, thinking, there c 
They might be safe. She, moved by injuriei 
Which slung her splril. on ihe way escaped, 
And foi revenge will gtiide u*. In reward, 
She a^k^ her brolhcrS fbrfeiture of lands 
In marriage with Numaclan : something, loo, 
Touching his life, that for her services 



EOllERICK, THE LAST OF THE GOTHS. 229 

It miglit be spared, she said, — an afterthought 
To salve decorum, and, if conscience wake, 
Serve as a sop ; but, when the sword shall smite 
Pelayo and his dangerous race, I ween 
That a thin kerchief will diy all the tears 
The Lady Guisla sheds 1 " 

" 'Tis the M taint ! " 
Said Julian, mournfully ; ^ from her motherV womb 
She brought the inbred wickedness which now 
In ripe infection blossoms. Woman, woman ! 
StiU to the Goths art thou the instrument 
Of overthrow, — thy virtue and thy vice 
Fatal alike to them ! " 

" Say, rather," cried 
The insidicHis renegade, ^ that Allali thus 
By woman punisheth the idolatry 
Of those who raise a woman to the rank 
Of godhead, ealling on their Mary's name 
With senseless prayers. In vain shall they invoke 
Her trusted succor now ! Like silly birds, 
By fear betrayed, they fly into the toils ; 
And this Pelayo^ who, in lengthened war 
Baffling our force, has thought perhaps to reign 
Prince of the Mountains, when we hold his wife 
And offspring at our mercy, must himself 
Come to the lure." 

" Enough," the Leiider said ; 
^This unexpected woi^ of favoring Fate 
Opens an easy way to our desires, 
4iid renders furtlier counsel needless now. 



380 



sodthet's 1 



Greul IB the Prophet wlio^e protecting power 
Goes with tlie failliful forth 1 The rebels' daja 
Are numbered ; Alloli hath delivered them 
Into our handa ! " 

So ^yitig, he aiwe ; 
The Chiefs withdrew j Orpns aJone reniHincd, 
Obedient to liis indiuiled will. 
"The event," snid Ahiitcaceni, "lialh approved 
Tbj judgment in all points ; his dtiii^ler comas 
At the fli^t 3nniinon$>, even as t-hou ^udHt; 
Ber errand witli the insurgent? done, ehu brii]| 
Their well-concert ed project back, a bah 
And unexpecled messenger. Tfaf Uoor— 
The shallow Moor — mast see, and not perceliv 
Must hear, and understand not; yen, must b 
Poor easy fool! to serve iheir aftvr-niirlh, 
A part in hie own undoing 1 Bui juM HcaveD: | 
With this unlooked-for incident halh marrtMl 
Their complots, and the eword shall l-i 
Of treason." 

" Well," the reno^nde replied, 
"Tl)ou know'et Count Julian's spirit, — quid 

In act audacioua. Baffled now, he thinks 
Either b^ instant warning la apprise 
The rebels of their danger, or preserve 
Tlic hostages when fallen uilo our power, 
Till secret craft contrive, or open force 
Win, their enlargement. Haply, too, ho i 
or Cordoba, the avenger and the fHend 



BODERIOK, THE LAST OF THE GOTHS. 231 

Of Alidakxis, in that cause to arm 

Moor against Moor, preparing for himself 

The victory o'er the enfeebled conquei-or^ 

Success in treason hath emboldened him ; 

And power hot serves him for fresh treachcrj, false 

To Roderick first, and to the Caliph now." 

*^The guilt," said Abulcacem, "is confirmed, 
The sentence past ; all that is now required 
Is to strike sure and safely. He hath with him 
A veteran force devoted to his will, 
Whom to provoke were perilous ; nor less 
Of peril lies there in delay. What course 
Between these equal dangers should we steer ? " 

" They have been trained beneath him in the wars 
Of Africa," the renegade replied ; 
** Men are they, who, from their youth up, have found 
Their occupation and their joy in anus ; 
Indifferent to the cause for which they fight. 
Bat faithful to their leader, who hath won 
By license largely given, yet tempered still 
With exercise of firm authority. 
Their whole devotion. Vainly should we seek 
By proof of Julian's guilt to pacify 
Such martial spirits, unto whom all creeds 
And countries are alike ; but take away 
The head, and forthwith their fidelity 
Goes at the market price. The act must be 
Sodden and secret ; poison is too slow. 



232 souTDEV'a voems, 

Thus it may best be done : The Mountaineop 

Doubtless, ere long will i-ouse us with some ^ 

Of sudden enterprise: ai sueli ii lime, 

A trusly minislor apprpaehing him 

May Eniite Uim, so that nil shall think the s] 

Cornea fcoro the hostile troops." 

" Bight 
Cried Ahuhincem, " ihou slialt have hU landa^ M 
The |ii»per meed of thy fidelity : 
His daughter ihou mayst lake or leave. Ghi noir, 
Aiid find a liiilliful instrument to put 
Our puriHwe in vffevt 1 — Ajid when 'lis done,"^' 
The Sloor, as Orpas from the lent withdrew^ 
Mattering pursued, — " look foe a like 
Thyself! That restless head of wiekedness ' 
In the grove will brood no Ireiuons. Other h 
Sereara, wlieu the Devil, as they wpring lo life. 
Infects them with his touch ; but thou didst xtretch 
Thine arms lo meet hnn, and, like muilier'H milk. 
Suck the congenial evil! TIma hast tried 
Both laws, and, were there aught lu gain, wouldsl 

prove 
A third as readily ; hut, when thy *ins 
Are weighed, 'twill be against an empty ecat^ 
And neither Propliet will avail thee Iheu I ' 



RODERICK, THE LAST OF THE GOTHS. 233 

XXIII. 

THE VALE OF COVADONGA. 

The camp is stirring; and, ere day hath dawueil, 

Tlie tents are struck. Early they rise whom Hope 

Awakens, and they travel fast with whom 

She goes companion of the way. By noon 

Hath Abulcacem in his speed attained 

The Vale of Cangas. Well the trusty scouts 

Observe his march, and, fleet as mountain roes, 

From post to post, with instantaneous speed, 

The warning l)ear. None else is nigh : the vale 

Hath been deserted, and PeIayo*s hall 

Is open to the foe, who on t\w tower 

Hoist their white signal-flag. In 8t'lla*s stream 

The misbelieving multitudes perform, 

With hot and hasty hand, their noontide rite, 

Then h^rryingly re|)eat the Impostor's prayer. 

Here they divide: the Chieftain halts with half 

The host, retaining Julian and his men. 

Whom where the valley widened he disposed 

Liable to first attack, that so the deed 

Of murder planned with Orpas might he done. 

The other force the Moor Alcahman led, 

Whom Guisla guided up Pionia*s stream 

Eastward to Soto. Ibrahim went with him, 

Proud of Granada's snowy heights sulxlued. 

And boastiiig of his skill in mountain war; 

Yet sore he deemed an easier victory 



234 souTHF-y's poems. 

Awaited bin) this duy. " Little," quoili he, 
"Weena tlie vain MountHiiicer, wlio puts his ft 
la dens and rocky ^iDci^es, liow close 
Destruction is at hand ! Belike he thinks 
The Hiunma'a happy wings liure shadowed b 
And therefore Fate with rayahy must crown 
His chosen head! Pity the cimcter. 
With il6 rude edge, so »ood should inlennpt 
The pleasant dream ! " 

" There can bt 
For those wlio in the cave »cck «heltor," cried | 
Alcaliman : " yield tticy mu^l ; oi' fi'om iheir h 
Like bees, we smoke them out. Tbe Chier perlu 
May reign awhile King of the wolvea and boftrsi 
Till Lis own subjects hunt him down, or kitca 
And crows divide what banger may have Idl 
Upon hia gliastly limbs. Happier for him 
That destiny should this day lo our hands 
Deliver him ; short would be his sufferings ^e^ 
And we right joyfully should in one hour 
Behold our work aecompIiBhcd, and his race 
Eitincl." 

Thns Ihesc^ in inocjiery Aod in ihonghta 
Of bloody triumph, lo the future blind, 
Indulgeil Ihe scornful vcinj nor deemed thai lliey, 
Wliom to the sword's unsparing edge ihey ijooiuiid, 
K^'en then in joyfiil expectation prayed 
To Heaven for llieir approach, aud, at their post 
Prepared, were trembling witli excess of hup^ ^ 
Here in these moimtain-strailn tlie Moutitainet 



EODERICK, THE LAST OF THE GOTHS. 235 

Had felt his country's strength insuperable ; 

Here he had prayed to see the Mussulman 

With all his mjrriads ; therefore had he looked 

To Covadonga as a sanctuary 

Apt for concealment, easy of defence ; 

And Guisla's flight, though to his heart it sent 

A pang more poignant for their mother's sake. 

Yet did it further in its consequence 

His hope and project surer than decoy 

Well-laid or best-concerted stratagem. 

That sullen and revengeful mind, he knew, 

Would follow to the extremity of guilt 

Its long fore-purposed shame : the toils were laid ; 

And she, who by the Mussulmen full sure 

Thought on her kindred her revenge to wreak. 

Led the Moors in. 

Count Pedro and his son 
Were hovering with the main Asturian force 
In the wider vale to watch occasion there. 
And with hot onset, when the alarm began, 
Pursue the vantage. In the fated stniits 
Of Deva had the King disposed the rest : 
Amid the hanging woods, and on the cliffs, 
A long mile's length on either side its bed, 
They lay. The lever and the axe and saw 
Had skilfully been plied ; and trees and stones, 
A dread artillery, ranged on crag and shelf 
And steep ascent, were ready at the word 
Precipitate to roll resistless down. 
The fiuthful maiden not more wistfully 



-»i1 



236 S0UTHEY*8 POEMS. 

Looks for the day that brings her lover homey 
Scarce more impatiently the horse endures 
The rein, when loud and shrill the hunter's horn 
Rings in his joyous ears, — than at their post 
The Mountaineers await their certain prey ; 
Yet mindful of their Prince's order, oft 
And solemnly enforced, with eagerness 
Subdued by minds well mastered, they expect 
The appointed signal. 

" Hand must not be raised, 
Foot stirred, nor voice be uttered," said the Chie^ 
" Till the word pass : impatience would mar alL 
Grod hath delivered over to your hands 
His enemies and ours, so we but use 
The occasion wisely. Not till the word pass 
From man to man transmitted, * In the name 
Of God, for Spain and Vengeance ! ' let a hand 
Be lificd : on obedience all depends. 
Their march below with noise of horse and foot, 
And ha})ly with the clang of instruments. 
Might drown all other signal, this is sure. 
But wait it calmly : it will not be given 
Till the whole line hath entered in the toils. 
Comrades, be patient, so shall none escape 
Wlio once set foot within these straits of death." 
Thus had Pelayo on the Mountaineers 
With frequent and impressive charge enforced 
The needful exhortation. This alone 
He doubted, that the Mussulmen might see 
The perils of the vale, and warily 



BODERICK, THE LAST OF THE GOIUH. 2^7 

Foibear to enter. But ihey tboug^il to fiwl^ 
As Gubla told, the main Arturinn forca 
Seeking oonoealment tljer«;, uo oth'rr aUI 
Soliciting from the<^ tlu:ir ttSLtiv': hilir ; 
And thaty the babe> and ir</r/i'm ItinvU*'/ faWtzu 
In thraldovn, tliev would lav th^rir H<:.'i;y/;<r <i//)rn^ 
And !>applscaie for;pv*jfi*;»» f'^r ix^'-ir ^^ax*:. 
Xor did the 3I<:M>r- i^rceive ;/i v;jt*. ^ ^v:<»-'i 
Tber ea£er*:d; for iLe ny^rti :-a': rl^rf; o>:r'A^!. 
And. vfc«D the San L»d rfsa/.-L*^: '-v: :.«:^;^;-*. '>i /.^aveo, 
DcbIt hk pftif: aryi f>ikai>:r* ^-.-^^ »*.* iy:^r;L 



Tut Jf ffiniUUlte^rrv : ii. tf>ai:i.j*r«'!> ii.*:** lu"* x*-^. 
>iinit iM^f!«iiur C^t^ it -ij'ifii*.** i'.** :u». ;/'.«» »- 

Cff iMnt sue fuoL tvffijiiuiib' ti ::>• :-i*u:i(. 

Clf JabvkV m^aa^ ant. uir jur^' u • .j . :;: u*- <.vtiif n ^*:r 



238 SOUTH Elf's POEMS. 

Willi Itiughler, and with frcqucnl shouts: Tor a 
ExullHiil c-aiiie, expeeling sure success ; 
Blind wretches, over whom the ruin hung! 



" They t&j," quoth one, " lha(, i)ioiigh llie ] 
phet's soul 

Doth with the black-ejed Houris buihe iu hVisa, 1 
Life hath not left his body, whicli brars up 
By ita miraculous power the holy lomh, 
And holds it, at Aledina, in the nir, 
Buoyunt between the lem|ile'« fluur nnil roof; 
Aiid tliere the Angels Hy to him with news 
From Eust, WinsI, North, mid South, of what b 
His fnilliTul people. If, when he sliiill bear 
The tale of lliia day's work, be should, for joy, 
Forget llial lie i^ dead, and WRlk abrond. 
It were as good a miracle a^ when 
He sUi-ed the moon ! Sir Angel, hear me noWfl 
Whoe'er lliou bec^.! who art about to speed 
From Spain to Araby ! when thou ha«t got 
The Pro[>het'd ear, be cure thou telleal hhn 
How bravely Ghauleh did his pan to-day, 
Apd with what ^peclnl reverence he alone 
Desinnl thee to commend him to bia grace I' 
" Fie on thee, sroffer that ihoa art ! " replicid 
Bis comrade : " tbou will never leave these pbt 
Till fame commisHoned arrow through the leeA "^ 
tShall nnU tlio offending tongue. Hast thou I 

heard 
How, when our clay is learencfl first with life, 



RODERICK, THE LAST OF TlIK OOTIIH. 23U 

The ministering Angel brings it from tliut n|>ot 
Whereon 'tis written in the eternal Unik 
That soul and body must their parting tak^;, 
And earth to earth return? How knowcj^r tliou 
But that the Spirit who r:r>m[ioundf'd th^^;, 
To distant Syria from thi» v«;ry \sih: 
Bore thj component dust, and AznwA hc.n- 
Awaits thee at thi.<) hour?" Litrl^; tUhiiyht h^ 
Who spake, that in that valU;y, at that h/fur, 
One death awaited both ! 

TliU- tiif'.y iftir*n^l 
Toward the cave their iTi&U'olrioM'. n,u'.: 
Weak dubihoad th«r^, and lrif:iTf^:r.l%«: ;t'jf:, 
In the chamber? cA iLf: u^^k. "k *-.-:«: y\Ai(< -^Mjri^ ; 
Bos of tike womrn. all whor.'« m.-.u ':.*-. -m^a 
MaZi^rsai carii fif^taicrii r^-»t, w^^i'^, %'^i:. 
To aid in u^ defcirstrcu-jr. : 'r»t -^^ .>> 
^yt £Kdker^. hretiiren- ha-han*:/'. -u.-.i .'>•/: ■ir..-r*, 
Tb**^ wauh An«i iir^r, P>;Ai , - -..r ^i - 
Wka ae TfiMracui P.rn"»:iC#-, -. *.k .*•.:. 
Bamffeti 4a die zicin.^ "i if-. .' ' .*•* f',. 

^ar^AOiis jx :1k* Vif-L* i '.'■- lift ■• 

ib-i:Z3eA Ji ii.- 'OMuiiKTZUi:.! y ■*'" - • 

■tir* .r ..♦- ,j- 



240 



SODTIIEt'S POEMS. 



Vnlc of DevD ! famous »halt tJiou be 
From this day fonh fur aver; ftnd to these 
Tliy flings shall unboi'n generations come 
In pilgrimage, and hallow with tbeir prayen 
The cradle of their native monarchjr!" 

There was a stirring in the nir; ihe sun 
Prevailed, and grndunlly ihe hrightl^ning mist \ 
Began to rUe and melt. A jutting crag 
Upon the right projected o'er tlie elreain, 
Not farther from the cavi! ition u strong liand 
Es]>ert, will) deadij' aim, might cast Ihe ?pear, 1 
Or B strong voice, pitched lo full compa;^ « 
Its clear ariiculatioa heard di^Iiuct. 
A venturous dalesman, oni* ascending there 
To rob the eagle's ne«l, h»d fallen, and hung 
Among the heather, woDdroiisly preecrved; 
Therefore had he with pious gratitude 
Placed on that overhanging brow a Crow, 
Tall as the mast of some liglil fisher's siiff, 
And from the vale canspicuons. As the 
Advanced, the Chi<^f\iuu in the van was s 
Known by bis nrms, and from the cmg a voice 
Pronounced his name: " Alcithmuu! hon, look Dp, 

Alcahnian ! '" As the floaiiug mist drew up, 

It had divided there, and opened round 

Tiio Crois : part clinging to the rock ben-^lh, ] 

Hovering and waving jiart in fleecy foldu, 

A canopy of silver light condensed 

To Eh:^>e and substance. In the midst there stood 



1^«T C* TEl G".»THS. 541 



A lenndr ftniL ime iikhc uvol liit C ru=^ 
Loc^e £u«^ iter ruzzfeem: nu: iit^ br^iii-a: 



Ji3»d kcdBKOfld ber bead. Txit Mckit mnj^c jmie : 
Far an 'die iralk of Aum ht iiac ^^.-l 

Silt reaed "■niii "dK- doid. - "Wlia:- u.n. '. ^ ^iJt 'jnt^^ 

Ai Anrift zb iUtt xsasrmcrt. Uli^ Lnur 

I snnmiMi iLt?t: befure tiit: liinmt ^.r. Gi*c 

T& m^vrer ^ tiif: imiMr^i: iijikk: ! Tui^ Lnur. 

Moac Miakcrcflnt. Murderer. Ciiiic ir Hf L :ili^ iioor 

I ctmnmcm tiiec- 10 jodsnueu: ! Ii. liit luuut 

Of God. fur Spam and Teiig>eiiiit*t ! ** 

Her i^iCNicL : for. lakinc franc Hbt Frimnu V iiuiic 

Tliai u^eD crD^^ whicL a: uh: s;ii'.!riii£ rii^rf 

Hjid Ms-rad ^ ovsiier. m uk- cuv*jrLV luiiuui 

PeiavD lifted it and prv« iLf- t nrd. 

Fram Toiofr to Toioe. on ehiier f^iue. i: Tm'>*<'.'d 

WhL npid re^ietitioii. — "In ibt- iianif 

Ctf God. for S|«un and Tenrreauce ! '" imc ftir:i:v iil*. 

Chk ehber aide, along tbt wbok deiiJt:. 

Tbe AAiiriaii&. sbDiniit; in tbt* Dumt- of Gud. 

Sei the wliokr ntna loo-te ! Huirt- tn11lk^ oiic suiTit^ 

And loosieiied cm^ dovii. di»wi :ii»-x n-liec wnL 

mah 
And bound and tfannderiijr; iitrffiu >u'.4: wii> the &IL 
A» trben MiDie cinr. br liie iuUurini: t*ur.L 

VOX. DC £ 



242 southet's poems. 

Heaved from its strong foundations, is cast down. 

And all its dwellings, towers, and palaces, 

In one wide desolation prostrated. 

From end to end of that long strait, the crash 

AVas heard continuous, and, commixed with sounds 

More dreadful, shrieks of horror and despair 

And death, — the wild and agonizing cry 

Of that whole host in one destruction whelmed. 

Vain was all valor there, all martial skill ; 

The valiant arm is helpless now ; the feet 

Swift in the race avail not now to save ; 

They perish ; all their thousands perish there, — 

Horsemen and infantry, they perish all, — 

The outwanl armor and the bones within 

Broken and bruised and crushed, fl^ho prolonged 

The long uproar: a silence then ensued. 

Through which the sound of Deva's stream was 

heani, 
A lonely voice of waters, wild and sweet ; 
The lingerinfr groan, the faintly uttered prayer, 
Tlie loudor cur-ies of despairing death, 
Ascended not so high. Down from the cave 
Pelayo ha'^tes ; the Asturians hasten down : 
Fierce and immitigable down they speed 
On all sides ; and alonsr the vale of blood 
The avenging sword did mercy's work that hour. 



LJt§T fHW THR ^0^/tWL. IM 



zzi"^. 



A5ii crir:>rr riTXtx 



Taic base ittxsL '"wsf^. Et^arii ! diu* iav. ^nii 7<!€ 

Wai tfaiBL "iiear -virirm ind !u*siirhfiii -i>nf»m«»nri4 
tf -sar 30 uwici^R, 3111M;. -*r^ ■ii#» -Mn jrs tr,i» 1. 

"tie TTamiiru 1/ 2*-'!i-s*rr..'nj .'-•■i»*«»- 



•it 






rT'f** 



..' 



MT T^T 



s. mt 



^^^^ 9' ^ 






Sit, • -•: 



XT-.'^»r' 



•» „ 



S44 



tin Kir's FOEMB. 



But'De hither with rejoicing and trilh prayers 

Of all ihe happj land, who f^\t in him 

The lineage of their ancient Chiefs reneweit— 

Tlie Prince had been immersed ; and here wltU 

An oaken galilee, now black with age, 

Bis old Iberian anceslora were laid. 



Two etatelj oaks stood nigh, in the flill growl 
Of many a century. They had flourished ibet 
Before the Gothic sword wa^ felt in Spain ; 
And, when the aneienl sceptre of the Gotb» 
Waa broken, there ihcy flourished still. 

boughn, 
Mingled on high and stretching wide around, 
Farmed a dpop sh^de, beneath which csnopy, 
Upon the ground, Count Julian's board was epn 
For to his dnughier be had lefl his tent. 
Pitched for her use hard by. He at the board -j 
Sale with his trusted Captains, — Gundcrick, 
Felix and Miro, Tlieudered and Paul, 
Basil and Coltila and Virimar ; 
Men ihmugli oil turHtnc: fitilhful to their Lord,-J 
And to tliul old luid tried fidelity, 
By perwnitl love and honor held in ties 
Strong as retif^ous bonds. A^ there they sat(^^ 
fn the distant vale a rising dust was Be«n, 
And frequent flash of steel, — ihe flying fi^t 
Of men who, by a fiery foe pursued. 
Put forth their conrwr* at full speed, to reich 
The aid in which they trust. Up sprung the Cbiefs, 



RODKRICK, THE LAST OF THE GOTHS. 245 

A^nd^ hastily taking helm and shield and spear, 
Sped to their post. 

Amid the chestnut-groves 
On Sella's side, Atphonso had in charge 
To watch the foe : a prowling band came nigh, 
Whom with the ardor of impetuous youth 
lie charged, and followed them in close pursuit : 
Quick succors joined them ; and the strife grew hot, 
Ere Pedro, hastening to bring off his son. 
Or Julian and his Captains, — bent alike 
That hour to abstain from combat (for by this 
Full sure they deemed Alcahman had secured 
The easy means of certain victory), — 
Could reach the spot. Both thus in their intent 
According, somewhat had they now allayed 
The fury of tlie fight, though still spears flew, 
And strokes of sword and mace were interchanged, 
When, passing through the troop, a Moor came up 
On errand from the Chief, to Julian sent : 
A fatal errand fatally performed 
For Julian, for the Chief, and for himself. 
And all that host of Mussulmen, he brought ; 
For, while with well-dissembled words he lured 
The warrior's ear, the dexterous ruffian marked 
The favoring moment and unguarded place. 
And plunged a javelin in his side. The Count 
Fell, but^ in falling, called to Cottila, 
* Treachery ! the Moor I the Moor ! " He, too, on 

whom 
Be called, had seen the blow from whence it came, 



246 



SOUTH Eel's [ 



Aud Beised llie murderer. "Miscremitl" he fl 

claimed, 

•* Wlio sot Uiee on ? " The Mussulman, who saw 
His secret puqtose baffled, undismayed, 
Replies, *■ What I liave done is autliorizcd; 
To punish treschery and prevent worse ill, 
Oi'pas and Abuleacem sent me liere s 
The service of the Culiph and the Faith 
Required the blow." 

"The Prophet and the FU» 
Rvwnrd ihce then I " cHed OilliJa; '* mean lime, i 
Take thou from me ihy proper eiirthlj' meifd, 
Villain I " And lifting, m lie spuki^ tlie sword, 
He smote him on the neck ; llie irencbant blade 
Through vein and artery i«s»ed, and yielding bone j 
And on the ^lioulder, as the aasiusin dn^ped, 
Hia head half severed fell. '■ The cuise of God 1 
Fall on the Caliph and the Faith and lhe« I " 
Stamping for anguish, Cotiila pursued: 
" Ai'rican dogs I thus is it ye reqiuie 
Our servicea? Rul dearly shall ye pay 
For this (lay's work I O fellow-soldiers, herei" 
Stretching his hnnd^i toward the host, he erieil, 
■' Uefaold your noble leader basely pljun 1 
He who for twenty years hath led us forth 
To war, and brought us home with victory, — 
Here he ties foully murdereil by the Moors,- 
Those whom he trusted, whom he served so wollllj 
Our turn is next I hut neither will we wiut 
Idly. Dor tamely fall ! " 



^-r or THt GCTHfc. t^l 



Hi 

Tt 






Tilt rtfniniiiij. -j-r^ j:\*r- 

HOC PT. lii- OisiU. «rt L:i!r>".*r. ^'-r*- 
fToHff- v«3«t li^iaiTL :rv:L n;ji: - i. rise^Mtu* 






&I* urn*: Hi* yHfi. am. ».:•— r:'""_ •'.•»^^j 

r».i_ «» 1*::: 

I !• li^:.. ■_.• — 



248 soLTHKr-s i'Oems. 

As bust ttuxy vaixifavt fhee may so be best 
Empliiycd. Let me be bome miihin the Churabfl 
And tlioii, Willi ihnt good mun wbo follows thee, T 
Aut-Jid me there." 

Thu$ when Floriiida beard J 
Her father spcnk, a gleam of heavenly joy 
Shone ihroiigh the nnguish of htr c»iinienar 
" gracious God," she cried, " my prayers i 

Now k'l tne die!" They raised him from ( 

He, knitting as they liHcd him, hie brow, 
Drew it), ihroiigh open Upi! and D.elh 6rm cloft 
His painful brcatii, and on the lance laid hand, 
Lost il« long fhatX should shake the mortal woiu 
Genily hts men, wilh slow and steady sicp, 
ThcJr ^nlTcring burden bore, and in the ChurtA ^ 
Before ihe altar laid lilni down, hii head 
Upon Florinda'* knees. "Now, friends" eaid h 
" Farewell I I ever hoped lo meet my death 
Among yo like a ioldicr, — but not thus! 
(jo, join the Asluriaus; and in allc^ycars, 
When of your oW eommander yo shall talk, 
now well be lored his followers, what be vas 
fn bnttic, and how basely he was slain, 
Let not the lal« its fit completion hick, 
But nay how bravely was his death revenged. 
Vengeance ! in that good word doth Julian mal 
Hi« testament ; your faithflll swords must give 
The will its full performance. Leave me now { J 



Btatoarx- tei i-^^fr :»7 ^m i-.tes. i-tf 



I Jdivt ouut wm. ^wccJkfl^ iiiuiTf-v . jmnuir^ 

AHL MW* IDT JU-niDT- 

Tir'7 T-;:i r.oimifc- it 

nirStaifL 11 liiTIL tlir?!* niiii.- ;ir:i:i:-<' :ir. ]ut*j:s. 

Hj? iai^ruiL t7^e%. * Tun: Ini^u,'- — .- r n-v 
Su P-1*;: r* trt mquirvd — * iit v ii. j-:ii-l 

•1: !• li** Ainj-sur . uiiL im:^ ::;a' -;iiii': l-it^L. 

•J «lui21ILi. It IX^ «»U'- •iL"a:iill In-.— 

Tut ^'i^H'^iiituiik iii<m(:ii: ' • 

Tilt c-;iiv2 Caiuu: 
Tita. fcx*^ uiKti uti *ji«:i h-- va-i"— ■: -f^ 
*5i' Tim*:." «4iiL iru •" i- Ui-- ir Tt-^. '■•— - . 
Ar iinj* lUT di-rr^axiiimii'**-. I v. .tu-L. ::i:: 
I>k: n. lilt iuiiL vit^rt:ii n • :a:ij-_*'" lis-t. 
"Wua^nc- litej i»if ur-c id* n n;:ii* :ii:;::i"; 

TuK iiii«9a:;t^ ttr I {luiru'.. liu: r u ir-.-.. 
Tmr I iiavt^ «niiifd. mf. :"^>n. n ; * •:. ":■:• ^i-.w.'t 
Tilt Iiii|iocTrrV luili. v ih-.-l iiv" m: :i :i.:i: * 'li 
CHitniiKrd ft }»iiir«t . r :r :ir Sr^i'ii* r i-v:. 
►fi. wilt inxlii. !(• •.Ti- ir'«"**r ;l^l — . 
J iieii^vt ! iivii :iji»i n* ii::;- :i-r ' — 
If ihi* iij Um- Riii'«*-'ri*r n- (iv:i:i 
SuflweiL — Faiiie:. i*?: nir :r ^n :i • in«i« 



250 southet's poems. 

Receive the assurances with which the Church 
Doth bless the dying Christian.** 

Roderick raised 
His eyes' to heaven, and, crossing on his breast 
His open palms, " Mysterious are tliy ways 
And merciful, gracious Lord,'* he cried, 
" Who to this end hast thus been pleased to lead 
My wandering steps ! O Father, this thy son 
Hath sinned, and gone astray ; but hast not Thou 
Said, when the sinner from his evil ways 
Turneth, that he shall save his soul alive. 
And Angels at* the sight rejoice in Heaven? 
Therefore do I, in thy most holy name. 
Into thy family receive* again 
Him who was lost, and in that name absolve 
The Penitent.*' So saying, on the head 
Of Julian solemnly he laid his hands ; 
Then to the altar tremblingly he turned. 
And took the bread, and, breaking it, pursued : 
" Julian ! receive fix)m me the Bread of Life ! *' 
In silence reverently the Count partook 
The reconciling rite, and to his lips 
Roderick then held the consecrated cup. 

" Me, too ! ** exclaimed Florinda, who till then 
Had listened speechlessly : " thou Man of God, 
I also must partake ! The Lord hath heard 
My prayers ! one sacrament, — one hour, — one 

grave, — 
One resurrection ! ** 



RODERICK, THE LAST OP THE GOTHS. 251 

That dread office done, 
Count Julian with amazement saw the Priest 
Kneel down before him. ^ By the sacrnment 
Which we have here partaken," Roderick cried, 
** In this most awful moment ; by that hope. 
That holy faith, which comforts thee in death, 
Grant thy forgiveness, Julian, ere thou diest ! 
Behold the man who most hath injured thee ! 
Roderick, the wretched Goth, the guilty cause 
Of all thy guilt, the unworthy instrument 
Of thy redemption, kneels before thee her(% 
And prays to be forgiven ! " 

" Ro<leric'k ! " exclaimed 
The dying Count, — " Roderick ! " and from the floor 
With violent effort half he raised hira-elf : 
The spear hung heavy in his side, and pain 
And weakness overcame him, that he fell 
Back on his daughter's lap. ** O Death," cried he, 
Passing his hand across his cold, damp brow, 
** Thou tamest the strong limb, and con qn crest 
The stubborn heart ! But yesterday I said 
One Heaven could not contain mine enemy 
And me ; and now I lifl my dyin^ voice 
To say, * Forgive me, Lord, as I forgive 
Him who hath done the wrong ! ' " He closed his 

eyes 
A moment; then with sudden impulse cried, 
** Roderick, thy wife is dead ; the Clmrch hath 

power 
To free thee from thy vows ; tlie broken heart 



2.52 soutuey's poems. 

Might yet be healed, the wrong redressed, the throne 
Rebuilt by that same hand which pulled it down. 
And these curst Africans — Oh for a month 
Of that waste life which millions misbestow ! ** 
His voice was passionate, and in his eye 
With glowing animation while he spake 
The vehement spirit shone : its effort soon 
Was past ; and painfully, with feeble breath, 
In slow and diflicult utterance he pursued : 
" Vain hope, if all the evil was onlained, 
And this wide wreck the will and work of Heaven, 
We but the poor occasion ! Death will make 
All clear, and, joining us in better worlds, 
Complete our union there ! Do for me now 
One friendly office more : draw forth the spear, 
And free me from this pain ! " — ^' Receive his soul, 
Saviour ! " exclaimed tlie Goth, as he performed 
The fatal service. Julian cried, " O friend ! — 
True friend ! " and gave to him his dying hand. 
Then said he to Florinda, " I go first ; 
Thou fol lowest ! Kiss me, child ! and, now, good- 
night ! " 

When from her fathei-'s bodv she aldose. 
Her cheek was flushed, and in her eyes thesv 
• beamed 

A wilder brightness. On the Goth she gazed, 
While underneath the emotions of that hour 
Exhausted life gave way. " O Go<l," she said, 
Lifling her hands, "thou ha^^t restored me all, — 



RODERICK, TH£ LAST OF THE GOTHS. id3 

All, — in one boor!" — and round his neck slie 

threw 
Uer anns, and cried, ^Mv Roderick! mine in 

Heaven ! " 
Groaning;, he clasped her close ; and in that ad 
And agonj her happy spirit fled. 



XXV. 
RODERICK Ds BATTLE. 

Eight thousand men had to Asturias marched 

Beneath Count Juiian*s banner ; the remains 

Of that brave armv which in Africa 

So weU against the 31ussulman made head. 

Till seibJe of injuries insupponable. 

And raging thirst of ven2«in«.>?, overthrew 

Their leader's noble spirit. To revenge 

His qnarreL twice that numl>er \v\\ tlif ir bones, 

Slain in utmatural battle, on the flt-ld 

Of Xeres, when the sceptre from the Goths 

By righteous Heaven was refL Othirrs had ikllen 

Consumed in sieves, alwav bv the Moor 

To the fhmt of war opf»osed. The j»olicv. 

With whatsoever show of honor claake*!, 

is ; and this surviving liand liad oft^ 



At their carousals, of the flaCTant wronjr 

Held such discourse as stirs the mounting blood. 

The common danger with one discontent 



2,i4 sovTHKr's roK«s. 

Afiecling chiefs anH men. Nor had ihe bortils 
or rooted dUcipline and fmdi allacbcd 
ThuR long restrained ihem, bad thry not known n 
That Julian in their just resentment shni^d, 
And fixed their liope^ on him. Slight itnpuUe 
Snffleed to malie these fleiy murtinJist* 
Bi-cak forili in open fiu7 ; imd though tirst 
Count Pedro listened with ^^ngpicious ear 
To Julian's dying errnnd, deeming it 
Some new derwy of treason, when he found 
A second Icgnte followed Virimnr, 
And then a tliinl, and saw the lurhiilencc 
Of the uirap, and how against tlie floors in hi 
They farmed their lines, he Icnew thtit Provider 
Thia liour had for his eountry interposed, 
And in ^Qch faith advanced lo u^e ihe aid 
Thus wondroosiy ordained. The eager Cliieft 
Hasten to greet him, — Collila and Paul, 
Ba^il and Miro, Theudered, Gunderick, 
Felix, and all wlu> held authority : 
The zealous serriees of their brave host 
They proffered, and besought him instantly 
To lead asninst the African their force 
Combined, and lu good hour assail a foe 
Divided, nor for such atiadi prepared. 

While thus tfaey communed, Roderirk from tl 
church 
Onme forth, and. seeing Pedro, Ixmt his way 
Toward [hem. " Sirs," Foid he, " the Count i( 



BODEKICC, THS LAST OF THE GOTHS. 250 

He £ed a ChristMn, reconciled to HeftTen, 

Id &ith ; and, when his djui^ter bad received 

His dving breath, her spirit, too. took flight. 

One cacrameDt, ooe death, united them ; 

And I beseech je, ve who from the work 

Of Uood which lies before as maj return, — 

If^ as I think, it should not be mr fate, — 

That in one grave with Christian ceremonies 

Ye lay them side by side. In Heaven, I ween, 

Thej are met through mercj. Ill befall the man 

Who should in death divide them ! " Then he turned 

His ^>eech to Pedro in an under-voice : 

*^ The Sng," said he, ^ I know, with noble mind 

Will judge o€ the departed : Christian-like 

He died, and with a manlj penitence. 

Thej who condemn him most should call to mind 

How grievous was the wrong which maddened him : 

Be that remembered in his history, 

And let no shame be offered his remains.** 

As Pedro would have answered, a loud cry 
• Of menacing imprecation from the troops 
Arose ; for Orpas, by the Moorish Chief 
Sent to allay the storm his villany 
Had stirred, came hastening on a milk-white steed. 
And, at safe distance having checked the rein, 
Beckoned for parley. *Twas Orelio 
On which he rode, Roderick's own battle-horse, 
Who finom his master's hand had wont to feed. 
And with a ^ad docility obey 



25C aOUTHKT's POEMS. 

His roiue fhniilinr. At tlic sight tliti Gotb 
Sinned, mid Uidigtiation ro Im soul 
Brought buck ttio lljuugLts iui<t feelings of <dd tim 
' SutTer me, Coutit," lio cried, "to answer liim i ■ 
And liold tli4^e buck tlic wliik ! " TIjUs lutvtngst 
He wiiiiud no mply, liat its lie vm, 
BareboAded, in lis weeds and all utmrmud, 
Advanced iow«rd lUe renegade. ** Sir Prie*!,'* 
Quolb Orjiaa us he uirue, •• I hold do talk 
With thee : my errand U with GunUeriek 
And the Capl&ins of the hwt, to whom I bring 
8ucli liberal offor§ and clcoi' ^i-ooT" — 

TheC 
Uieuking vrith seomtiil voice bis speech, ejccltuiDi 
'Whni! could no steed but Koderick'd eerre t 

turn ? 

1 should have thought some sleek aind »oIwr mulq 
Long ti-aiued iu elmrkles In proee«£ion-pnce, 
More fulled to my lord of Seville's uf« 
Than this good war-horse, — he who never bors 
A villain until Orpas cnwsed his back I " 
* Wi-etch I " cried the aatoaiFhed renegxdc, 

' Kiooped, 
t'oiiming with anger, from the aaddle-liow. 
To reach his weapon. Ere ibef hasty band. 
Trembling in pa^^ion, could perform iU- will, 
Boderii^hadEeixedthereiiM. ''Hownow,"heei 
" Orelio I old compunion, my good hor.se, 
Uff with ihe recreant burden ! " And with thal^ 
Herai-^ed his hand,andrearedAndbaeke<llliest 



SODEBICK, THE LAST OF THE OOTHS. SM- 

To llMt remembered voice and arm of piiwpr 
Obetient. Down Die hdpl*^^ truiiur t'dl, 
VktLaitf ilinwii ( ami Bodenck oT«r bint 
TbiioaM,-'witIlj«t«Dd«DrelentiiighwMiI, 
Tha temping faDolL " Qo, jnn Widnnoit, 
Wliva>lw fieaiibwlii^,'' the aTengw criod, 
•>,Ai4 Mil bin Bodarick eent thee 1 " 

At that sighi. 
CburAifiaa^MUIien and Ibe AaUirun host 
8et^>iliiMt,B)07fa1 iboiit, wbiidi rung 
Wide Ihroa^ ths weHmu Their exnltiiig erj 
With bodv MdbnurtioD was rawwed. 
When from the expiring nuscreant's neck the7 nw 
Hist Roderick took the shield, snd round liis own 
Hung it, and vaulted in the scat. " Ikly horse I 
Hj noble horse .' " he cried, with flattering hand 
Patting his high-arched ntck ; " the renegiide — 
1 thank him for't — hath ki^pl thee daintily ! 
Orelio, tbon art in thy beauty still, 
Thy pride and strength 1 Orelio, my good horse I 
Once more thou bearei^t to the field thy Lord, — 
He who so ofl hath fed and chcriehed ihce ; 
He for whose sake, wherever thou wert seen. 
Thou wert by all men honored. Once again 
Tboo hast thy proper master ! Do thy part 
Aa thou wert wont ; and bear him gloriously. 
My beautiful Orelio, to the last, 
The happiest, of his fields I " Then he drew forth 
The chneter, and, waving it alofl, 
Rode toward the troops. Its unaccustomed ahape 



iSiH 



BOUTIlEV'a I 



Disliked him. " R«i)egaile in all ihinga 1 " cried M 

The Golh, and casl It from him: to (h« Chiefs 

Then said, "If I have dono ye service here. 

Help me, I pray you, to a Spanish sword ! 

The trustiest blade that e'er in Billnlid 

Was dipped would not lo-dny be misbestowed 

On this right hiud i" — " Go, some one," Gunderiek 

" And bring Coimt Julian's sword. Whoe'er lliou art. 
The worth which ihou ha$t shown avenging him 
Eutitles th« lo wear if. Bui thou gwat 
For battle une(|uippi?d ; — haste there, and strip 
Yon villain of liis armor!" 

Lute he epake. 
So fast the Moors came on. " It matlet-s not,* 
Replied the Golh: "there's many a MounlainM 
Wlio, in no better armor ea^ed this day 
Tlian hia wonted Icatliem gipion, will be found 4 
In the holiest balllc, yet bring off untouched 
The unguarded life he rentiires." Tnking tbeikl 
Count Julian'A sword, he filled round Iri? wrial 
The chain, and, eying the elnborale steel 
With Blem ri'gnrd of joy, " The African 
Under unhappy stars was born," he cried, 
" Who tHsie-< ihy edge I Make remly for ihe char 
They com«, lliey come ! On. bretliren, to tlie field I 
The word is, ' Vengeance ! ' " 

" Vpngcaneo" was the wordi 
From man to man, and rank to rank, it passed, 
Uy eivciy heart enforced, by oveiy voico 




matfWmtim^'Um lu* or ts> goths. S59 

)«iit ftrti hi Isbd^dlnw of the fee. 
tbs mtmj is ifciffiw mmai^ mnmed 
nw AUw sod Hw pR^dMira tnitted hum. 
rhe honoBMn lowed their apean ; the infentry 
TMSbmtAj, wi& alow and stoi^ atep^ 
AdTBiieed; tte bowatringa twanged, and arnnra 

hfaaed. 
And javiffiH hortied bjr. Anm the hoata 
Hie* in tfw Aock of batde, faone and man 
Owihlltg ; lUdd atmek ahieid, and swoid and 

And flHd»«n fin haln and boekler ning ; 
AxtBtm ma rircn, and vonnda wwe interchanged i 

And many a spirit ftom its mortal hold 
Humed to bliss or bale. Well did the Cfaie& 
Of Julian's armj in that hour support 
Their old esteem ; and well Count Pedro there 
Enhanced hia former praise ; luid hj his side, 
Bejoidng like a bridegroom in the strife, 
AJpbiHiso through the host of infidels 
Bore on hb bloody lance dismay and dealh. 
But there was worst confusion and uproar, 
Ihere widest slaughter and dismay, where, proud 
Of his recovered Lord, Orelio plunged 
Through thickest ranks, trampling beneath bis feet 
The living and the dead. Where'er he turns. 
The Uoore divide and fly. " What man is this," 
Appalled they say, " who to the front of war 
Bareheaded offers thus his naked life ? 
Beplete wUb power he is, and terrible. 



i60 southev'h forms, 

Like »)ii>e Jeatro^'tng Aiigel ! Sure liis lips 
Hiivt! drank or Kiif's ilark luumitin, uiid lie n 
Strong in liis imuiurialiiy 1 Vly, Oy I " 
They Bftid 1 " this b no bmniui tbe ! " Nor I 
or ^volldt;^ filled ibe Spouiurds, when tliey s 
How flight aiid (nrror wtiut heforu \d» ''my, 
And sluughter in liis pntli. " Belmltl," cries 
" With what cotDDinnd ami knigtitiy nme lie sittf <J 
The inU'0])id steoii, Dnd denls from «ide to side 
His druidliil blows I Nut Riidcrick in 
Bestrode with such cumnifuid and tnnjttsljr 
That noble wnr-borse. lli« loose robe this d 
Is death's black bannpr, shaking from its Iblds f 
Dismay and ruin. Of rio morud mould 
Is he who iu thnt garb of peace uffranU 
Whole hosts, and s&e.s them scalier where ' ] 

luroa. 
Auapicbus fleaTcn bcliolrU us mid toiae Saint | 
Revisits earih I " 

" Ay," cri» anolhw, ■* Uottwj 
Hath ever wiih especial bonniy bl««t. 
Above all other land^, it* favored Spain ; 
CboMing her cliiMren fonb from nil mankind 
For its peculiar peopI(% as of yore 
Abraham's nngrateful race beneath the Law. 
Who knows not how, on that most holy Dtght 
When peaee on Knrth by AiJgeU wna proclaim^ 
The liyhi wirich o'er the fields of Belhlehem »1ia 
Irradiated wliole Sjialn ? — not just dliiplayod, 
A* 10 the Shepherds, and again withdrawn : 



RODERICK, THE LAST OF THE GOTHS. 261 

All the long winter hours, from eve till mom, 

Her forests and her mountains and her plains, 

Her hills and valleys, were imbathed in light, — 

A light which came not from the sun or moon 

Or stars, by secondary powers dispensed. 

But from the fountain-springs, the Light of Light 

Effluent Ajid wherefore should we not believe 

That this may be some Saint or Angel, charged 

To lead us to miraculous victory ? 

Hath not the Virgin Mother, oftentimes 

Descending clotlied in glory, sanctified 

With feet adorable our happy soil ? " 

** Marked ye not," said another, " how he cast 

In wrath the unhallowed ciineter away, 

And called for Christian weapon ? Oh, be sure 

This is the aid of Heaven ! On, comi*ades, on I 

A mrracle to-day is wrought for Spain ! 

Victory and Vengeance ! Hew the miscreants dowii. 

And spare not ! hew them down in sacrifice ! 

God is with us ! his Saints are in the field ! 

Victory, miraculous Victory ! " 

Thus they 
Inflamed with wild belief the keen desire 
Of vengeance on their enemies abhorred. 
The Moorish Chief, meantime, overlooked the fight 
From an eminence, and cursed the renegade 
Wbo8e counsels sorting to such ill t'RWx 
Had brought this danger on. Lo ! from the East 
Comes fresh alarm : a few poor fugitives, 
W'ell nigh with fear exanimate, came up, 



2G2 



southet's foehb. 



From CoTudonga flying, and tLe rear 

Of ibai deilruction, scarce wilb breaili ro li^ 

Their dreadful tale. When Abuicaceni hoard, 

Stricken wiih horror, like a man borcft 

Of sense, he stood. " O Propliel! " he exclaimed, 

"A Lai'd ajiil cruel forlQDe bariC Lhou brought 

This daj upon ihy servant 1 Must I tlieo 

Here with disgrace and ruin close a life 

Of glorious deeds? But how should man renst 

Fate's irreversible decree, or why 

Mumiur at what must be? They who nirvive 

Blay mourn the evil which thi$ day begins : 

My part will »oon be done!" Grief then ] 

To rage, and, cursing Guisla, he pursued : 
" Oh that that treaeberous woman were but h 
It were a consolation to gire her * 

The evil death she merits 1 " 

" That reward 
She hath had," a Moor replied: "for i 

reached 
The entrance of ihe vole, it was her cboice 
There in the farthest dwellings to be left, 
Lest she ^liould see her brother's faee; but 
We found her flying at the overthrow, 
And, visiting the treason on her head. 
Pierced her with wounds." " Poor vengeance for 

Destroyed I " said Abulcaeem in his soul. 
Bowbeit, resolving to the last lu do 




GOTHS. S68 

Uts oS&ix, he roused up his spirit. " Oo, 

Strike off Count Eudon's headl" he cried s "Ae 

Wlucli brought lum to our camp will bring liim eln 
Xa anna gainst us now : for Sieibert 
And Ebbs," he coDtioaod thus in thought, 
" Tbeir unde'^ fate for ever bars nil plots 
Of treasoD on their parti no hope bave they 
or w^a^ bat with m." Ha calied tlma then 
WiA duMn tRxi|» to joiii him in the front 
or battle tiMt, hj bnralj m^ng head. 
Rstraat mi^ aaw be woo. ' Ilieo Aeroer raged 
Tba floofliet, and more ft«qaent cries of death, 
Mingling with imprecations and with prayers. 
Bo»e through the din of war. 

By this the blood 
Which Deva down her fotal channel poured, 
Porpling Pionia'a course, bad reached and Btained 
The wider Rlream of Sella. Soon far off 
The frequent glance of spears and gleam of arms 
Were seen, which sparkled to the westering orb. 
Where down the vale, impatient to complete 
The glorious work so well that day begun, 
Pelayo led his troops. On foot they came, 
Chieflains and men alike ; the Oaken Cross, 
Triumphant borne on high, precedes their march, 
And bnwd and bright the argent banner shone. 
Boderick, who, dealing death from side to side, 
Had through the Moorish army now made way, 
Beheld it flash, and, judging well what aid 



26't southey's poems. 

Approached with sudden impulse that way rode. 

To tell of what had passed, — lest in the strife 

They should engage with Julian's men, and mar 

The mighty consummation. One ran on 

To meet him, fleet of foot ; and, having given 

His tale to this swift messenger, the Goth 

Halted awhile to let Orelio breathe. 

" Sivorian," quoth Pelayo, " if mine eyes 

Deceive me not, yon horse, whose reeking sides 

Are red with >laugiiter, is the same on whom 

The apostates Orpas in his vauntery 

Wont to parade tiie streets of Cordoba. 

But thou shouldst know him best; regard him well. 

Is*t not Orelio ? " 

" Either it is he," 
The old man replied, " or one so like to him 
Whom all thought matchless, that similitude 
Would be the greater wonder. But, behold, 
What man is he who in that disarray 
Doth with such power and majesty bestride 
The noble steed, as if he felt himself 
In his own proper seat ? Look, how he leans 
To chcri>h him ; and how the gallant horse 
Curves up his stately neck, and bends his head, 
As if again to court that gentle touch, 
And answer to the voice which praises him." 
" Can it be Maccabee ? " rejoined the King, 
' Or are the secret wishes of my soul 
[ndeed fulfilhul, and hath the grave given up . 
Its dead?" So saying, on the old man he turned 



RODERICK, TBE LAST OP THE GOTU5. 265 

Ere? full of wide astonishment, which told 

m 

The incipient thought that for incredible 
He spake no fun her. But enough had passed ; 
For old Siverian started at the word^. 
Like one who sees a spectre, and exclaimed, 
^ Blind that I was lo know him no: till now ! 
Mv Master, O mv Master I ** 

lie. meantime, 
With easy pace moved on lo met^i their march. 
- Kinjr." to Pelavo he bcjran, " this dav, 
Bv means scarce less than miracle, thv throne 
Is >tabli>hed. and the-wrong> of Sj^ain revenged. 
Orpas;, the accurst, upon yonder tit-Id 
Lies readv for the ravens. Bv the Moors 
TreacheroU'^lv slain. Count Julian will l»e found 
Before St. Peter's altar ; unto him 
Grace was vouchsafetl : and bv that holy power 
Which at Visonia from the Primate's hand 
Of his own proper act to me was given, 
Unworlhv as I am, — vet sure I think 
Not without mvster^', as the event Imih shown, -^ 
Did I accept Count Julian's penitence. 
And reconcile the dying man to Heaven. 
Be-ide him hath his daughter gone to re?t. 
Deal honorablr with his remains, and let 
One grave with Christian rites receive them lK>!h. 
Is it not written, that as the tree falls. 
So it shall lie?" 

" In this antl all thing* else," 
Pelajo answered, looking wistfully 



2(3G 



SOUTH Ef'S P0EM3. 



Upiiii t>iti Gotb, " thy pleasure sliall be done." 

'I'licii Roilvi'ick saw tbat he was known, iind liui 

His liead nway in alienee. But the old cniiD 

Lai<l hoH upon his bridle, and looked up 

III his mnster'f face, weeping and silently. 

Thereat ihc G«lh, with I'erveut prc»iire, took 

HIb liood, and, bonding down toward him. said, I 

** My good Sivorian, go not lliou thi* day 

To war! I charge ibee keep Uiyself from liar 

Ttiou art ]>asi the age for combats ; aiid w!i 

Herealler should Itiy miilresa talk of me, 

If thou wert gone ? TLiou seest I am nuarmed 

Thui* di^rrayed a» tliou beluildest me, 

Clean through yon miscreant army have I oat i 

Uy way unhurt ; but, being onci? by Heaven 

Preserved, I would not perish with llie guiU 

Of having wilfully provoked my dculh. 

Give me lliy hidmet an<l ihy eu'trasal Nay,- 

Thuu wert not woiil to let me ask in r 

Nor to oppoiie tac when my will was known I 

To thee, metliinks, I should be still the King." 

Thus saying, they withdrew n lilllc way 
Within ihe tn-cs. liixlcrick nlightiti ibirre. 
And in the old mati'it armor dighl himself. 
" Dosi thoa not marTcl by wliat woiidiwia c 
Said ho, " Orclio to his master's hand 
Unlh been restored? I found the rone 
Of Seville on his baek, and hurled him down 
Headlong to the carlh> Tho noblo animal 



BODBRICK, THE LAST OF THE GOTHS. 267 

Rejoicinglj obeyed my hand to shake 
His recreant burden off, and trample out 
The life which once I spared in evil hour. 
Now let me meet Witiza's viperous sons 
In yonder field, and then I may go rest 
In peace, — my work is done ! " 

" And nobly done ! " 
Exclaimed the old man. ^^Oh! thou art greater 

now 
Than in that glorious hour of victory, 
Wlien grovelling in the dust Witiza lay. 
The prisoner of thy hand ! " Roderick replied^ 
** O good Siverian ! happier victory 
Thy son hath now achieved, — the victory 
Over the world, his sins, and his despair. 
If on the field my body should be found. 
See it, I charge thee, laid in Julian's grave; 
And let no idle ear be told for whom 
Thou moumesU Thou wilt use Orelio 
As dotli beseem the steed which hath so ofl 
Carried a King to battle : he hath done 
Good service for his rightful Lord to-day, 
And better yet must do. Siverian, now 
Farewell ! I think we shall not meet again. 
Till it be in that world where never cliange 
Is known, and they who love shall part no moreu 
Commend me to my mother's prayers, and say 
That never man enjoyed a heavonlier peace 
Than Roderick at this hour. O faithful friend I 
How dear thou art to me these tears may tell.** 



Sij8 sorTHtr's poems. 

fVith lliat, be fell upon the old mun's neck ; 
Then vaulted iu Die siiddle. gave llio roins, 
And H»n rejoined ihe liosl. " On, mmraAe^ a 
Vicuiry and Vengeance I " Ite excluiinod, a 
The lend oil tliul good charger, lie idune 
Horsed for tlie on^ei. They, willi une u>ii 
Gave nit their voiees to the inspiring rry, 
" Victory and Vengeiuiee ! " and the hills und n 
Cuight the prophetic shont, und rolle^l it round. | 
Count !*eilro's people heitnl amid tlie hent 
or tuMlle, nnil rclunieil the glnd ncclnim. 
The iijt»nish<!i) Itluzisulmen, on nil »ide^ cluu 
Hear thm tremendous cry; yet manfully 
They xtood, and everywhere, with gallnnl frontf^ 
Opposed in fair array the Bhock of war. 
Desperately the;- fought, like men expert in an 
And knowing lliat no safety eould be fuund 
Save from ttieir own right hand». Ho former d 
Of all Ills long career had seen their Oiief 
Approved so well ; nur had WitiEii's aons 
Ever before ihid hour achieved in fifflil 
Such feau of reMiluie lalwr. Sisiberi 
lleheld Pelayo In the fielil afoot. 
And twice eaiayed heoeiuh his horse's feel 
To tliru^l him down. Twie« did tlio Prinve aii| 
The «hock, and twice upon liu slriRkl rcoeived < 
The iVstriddal nwonl. " Ti^ipt nie nti mor«^ 
Sou of Wilicn," eried the indignant Chief, 
" Lesl I forget wtiAl mother gavr thee hirih ! 
Go, meet thy dcnth fi*om any hani) but mitii«,~ 



KODERICK, THE LAST OF THE GOTHS. 209 

He said, and tamed aside. ** Fitliest from me ! ** 
Exclaimed a dreadliil voice, as through the throng 
Orelio forced his.wav ; ~ fitliest from me 
Receive the righttiii death too long withhtrld ! 
THs Roderick ^trike^ the blow ! " And as he s^iaki*. 
Upon the traitors shoulder tierce he di\»vtf 
The weapon, well bestowed. He in the >eai 
Tottered and felL The Avenger ha>tened on 
In search of £bba; and in the heat of tight 
Rejoicing, and forgetful of all else. 
Set up his cry, as he was wont in youth, 
•^ Roderick the Goth \*^ — his war-crv known so 

well. 
Pelayo eagerly took up the word. 
And shouted out his kin<man*s name beloved, — 
** Roderick the Groth ! Roderick and Victor\* I 

m 

Roderick and Vengeance ! " Odoar gave it forth ; 
Urban repeated it, and through his ranks 
G>unt Pedro sent the cr}-. Nut from the Held 
Of his great victor^t-, when Wiiiza fell. 
With louder acclamations had that name 
Been borne abroad upon the winds of heaven. 
Tlic unreflectino: thron":, who vesterdav. 
If it had passed their hps, would with a curse 
Have clogged it, echoeil it as if it came 
From some celestial voice in the air, revealed 
To be the certain pledge of all their ho|>es. 
** Roderick the Goth ! Roderick and Viciorv ! 
Roderick and Vengeance ! " O'er the field i: 
spread, 



S70 



souTHEr's roEMe. 



AH hearts aiid tODguea uniting ia the erf ; 
Alounlaiiis anil rocks and vole^ r^-echoed round ^ 
And he, ri^jok-lng in hi^ struuglh, rode on, 
Lnying on ihu Mcwrs with tlmi good sword, I 

smote 
And ovprihrrw, nnd scatlcred and destroyed, 
And tj-ftinpled down ; «nd slJIl at every blow 
Exultingly ht sent the wftr-cry forlli, 
" Rodcrii'lc the Goth! Roderick and Victory! 
Roderick and Vengeance ! " 

Thiia he made his a 
Smiting and slaying, through the ailool^hed n 
Till \ie beheld, where on a fiery barb. 
Ebbn. porfonning well a soldier's pari, 
Deidt to the right and left his deadly blows. 
With mutual r«go they mcl. The renegade 
Diridnya « cimeler, the sptendij gift 
Of Wiilid from Damascus sent; its lult 
Kinlxi^ed with gvms, itd blade u( perfect sImI, 
Which, like a mirror sparkling to the g 
Wilb dazxiing splendor, lla'^lied. The Golh ohgl 
His shield, mid on its rim reeeivud the edgit 
Driven from it» aim aside, mid of iti: force 
Dimini^lui). Unny a frustrate stroke wm den 
On either fuirt, mnil ramiy a foin nnd Ihrusl 
Aimed and relmleds many ■ ilendly blow, 
Strait ur reverse, dirtivered nnd rr-pelled. 
Rodcriek at length with brtlrr *pecd hath n 
The apostAto'a (urban i and, through all it« Mdl 
The inie Caniahrian weapon, making way. 



RODERICK, THE LAST OF THE GOTHS. 271 

Attained his forehead. ^Wretch!" the avenger 

cried, 
''It comes from Roderick's hand! Roderick the 

Goth! 
WIk) spared, who trusted thee, and was betrayed ! 
Go, tell thj fiither now how thou hast sped 
With all thj treasons ! " Saying thus, he seized 
The miserable, who, blinded now with blood. 
Reeled in the saddle ; and, with sidelong step 
Backing Orelio, drew him to the ground. 
He shrieking, as beneath the horse's feet 
He fell, forgot his late-Ieamt creed, and called 
On Mary's name. The dreadful Gk)th passed on. 
Still plunging through the thickest war, and still 
Scattering, where'er he turned, the affrighted ranka 

Oh ! who could tell what deeds were wrought that 
day? 
Or who endure to hear the tale of rage. 
Hatred and madness and despair and fear, 
Horror and wounds and agony and death, 
The cries, the blasphemies, the shrieks and groans 
And prayers, which mingled with the. din of arms 
In one wild uproar of terrific sounds ; 
While over all predominant was heard. 
Reiterate from the conquerors o'er the field, 
^ Roderick the Goth 1 Roderick and Victory ! 
Roderick and Vengeance ! " Woe for Africa! 
Woe for the circumcised ! Woe for the faith 
Of the lying Ishmaelite tlmt hour! The Chie& 



S!72 



southey's roEMB. 



Have fallon ', the Hooi^, confust'd nod capt^lMB 
And pan itv^iri eked, vainly *eek to esciipe 
The inevittUile fete. Turn where ihej- will, 
Sti-ong in hia cnuse, rejoicing in bucces^ 
Ln^atiolc at I lie banquet of ri^veiigt^. 
The enemy i« there j look wliere they will, 
Death hath t^nvironed their devoted ranks ; 
Fly whcrg they will, the avenger and the swoi 
Await them, — wretches, whom the rij^hleoo^ ■ 
Bath ovrrtnkrn ! Joined in bonds ot' faith 
Accurst, the most flagitious of iniuikind 
From nil [lurts met are lierc, — ibu 

Grwk, 
Th« vidoiis Syrian and the sullen C<^il, 
Tho Persian cruel and corrupt of soul, 
The Arabian robber iind the prowling ^ns 
Of Africa, who from tln-ir thirsty snnds 
Pray that the locusts on the peopled plain 
May settle, and pr<T>iire their way. CniijoinedV 
Bcnetilh an impiouit fnilh, which sanctifies 
To th<?ni nil ile^ds of wickedness and blooil, — . ^ 
T<5a, nnd Kallooa them on, — here arc they n 
To be conjoined in punishment this hour. 
For plunder, violation, massacre, 
All hideous, nil uouLterable things, 
The righteous, the immitigable sword 
Exacts due vengeance now I The cry ol' bloo 
Is heard ; the measure of their crimes is fulL ' 
Such mercy ns the Moor at Auria gave, 
Suclt mercy hath he Ibund this dreadful hour ! 



RODERICK, THE LAST OF THE GOTHS. 273 

The evening darkened, but the avenging sword 
Turned not away its edge till night had closed 
Upon the field of blood. The Chieftains then 
Blew the recall, and from their perfect work 
Returned rejoicing, all but he for whom 
All looked with most expectance. He full sure 
Had thought upon that field to find his end 
Desired, and with Florinda in the grave 
Best, in indissoluble union joined. 
But stilU where through the press of war he 

went 
Half-armed, and like a lover seeking death. 
The arrows passed him bj to right and left ; 
The 8pear-i)oint pierced him not ; the cimeter 
Glanced from his helmet. He, when he beheld 
The rout complete, saw that the shield of Heaven 
Had been extended over him once more. 
And bowed before its wilL Upon the banks 
Of Sella was Orelio found, his legs 
And flanLs incarnadined, his (K)itral smeared 
With froth and foam and gore, his silver mane 
Sprinkled with blood, which hung on every hair, 
Aspersed like dewdrops ; trembling there he stood 
From the toil of battle, and at times sent forth 
His tremulous voice far echoing loud and shrill, — 
A frequent anxious cry, with which he seemed 
To call the master whom he loved so well. 
And who had thus again forsaken him. 
Siverian's helm and cuirass on the grass 
Lay near ; and Julian's sword, its hilt and chain 

VOL. IX. T 



aOCTHEY'S FOEMS. 



Parti of lliii tagtdj art n flu Id th^ Und u maj tUaf 
vMcb can ba (bund In tiis wtaoM eompui of K»igH*h poabj. 

Juau da Uciui placw Count Julian with Oipai, tha i^i^ 
piilo Archbinbop of SotUIb, in tha ileapaat pit eC boL. 

A Portugnew post, Andr« dm S;It« HiaoarailMa, b mon 

nlgent lo the Conut, and Memi to oaaildar It ai a maik cf 
degeneracy in hii own timet Uiat tha usu otluie would no 
longer provoke the urns Teogaiince. H(* oatalogiie of wcdmo, 
wbo have become thntona by the evil of which they hara baaa 
the ooea^n, twgini with Etb, and end* with Aom BoI^k 



Ibi aloMd Hban- ooMbf. — L p. U. 

HoTBT hat any ooontiy been lo onned by tha apfait of pa^ 
tecnlion ii Spain. Utidar tha Heathen Emparon It had Ik 
fall ahare of saflaringi and the flnt (ktal precedent of appeaK 
Ing to the aeoolar power to pnahh hereey with death ooonmd 
in Spain. Tben came tha Arlan eontrareny. Than wm m 
roacb bigotry, ai much lancor, ai Uttle ^ the aplrlt of Chrk- 





VOTBB TO BODXRIGR. 277 



fti flUIdrm bora wittlin the pno«diiig tweWe months w«(« 

kiptind. Tbendiielo, an Arian king, set hU leal also npon 

Bw doon Ibr two saooeniTO yaan, and set a goard thora. 

WDtht mimeiikMia baptiatary was filled. The third year ha 

ipe e ted plpea, and oidered a trench to be dag roond the 

biiidiDg; bat, before the day of trial arriTed, he was marderedf 

MoppoftoDely aa Arias hiinselfl The trench was dry; bat the 

vorinaen did not dig deep enoagh, and the mirade was oontl> 

Basd. When the Tictory of the Catholic party was completea 

it WIS DO longer necessary to keep it ap. The same beptisteiy 

wai smployttd to eonvince the Spaniards of their error In 

InepiDg Eaator. In Brito*s time, a few rains, called Osola« 

wars ihown near the river Oambrla: the broken baptistery 

WIS then ealled the Bath, and some wild saperstitions whioh 

As peaaantry related bore traces of the original legend. The 

Iriek waa not nnoomroont it was practised in Sicily and in 

odiar placea. The story, howsTer, is of some value, as showi- 

ing that baptism wns administered * only once n year (except 

io cases of danger), that immersion wns the muniier, and that 

infants were baptized. 

Ariunism seems to have lingered in S{)niii long after its 
defeat. The names Pelayo (Pchigius) ami Arias certainly 
appear to indicate a cherished heresy; and Britof must have 
felt this when he deduced the former name from St. Pelayo 
of the tenth century; for how came the Saint by it, and how 
coald Brito have forgotten the founder of the Spanish mo- 
narchy V 

In the latter half of the eleventh centurA', the Count of 
Barcelona, Ramon Berenguer, Cop dt eitopa^ us he was called, 
for hb bushy head, made war upon some Christians who are 
KL\i[ to have turned Arians, and took the castles into which 

* ** In tiM M«eoteanth and last council of Toledo, it was decreed 
that the baptistery ahoald be shut up, and sealed with the episcopal 
Mai, during the whole year, till Good Friday On that day, the bishop, 
in his pontiflcals, waa to open it with great solemnity, in token that 
Christ, by his passion and resurrection, luui opened the way to heaven 
br manldnd, a* on that day the hope was opened of obtaining redemp- 
tion Uuoogh the holy saerament oi baptism." — MoraUty 12, 62, S. 

* MonarcbiA LusiUna, 2, 7, 19. 



SMbiIi (dIIIut, lUDila Immontiti, 
Bpiai hhu h1|;be« elUI, uid nUa bii rj^ 
Cl*«ri fiwutaDl, UQobierTAat, luubuod, 
In tlu coU Ugki. iboig itae dm o[ inQro." 

Paita of thii tngedy nre at fine in llieir kind m 
«Mch cui be found In tbD whuia compua ot Englixb potttj 

Jnui de Meiia plauiu Coiuit Julluu wiUi Orpu, tbe rl 
gailo Archblthop oT Seville, in the dceput plE of hel,. 

A PorEagoesc poei, Andrv da S.vlm UucanDbw, li mora 

nlgenl to Ibe Coont, and teamt to uoiisidor it u » mark of 
i* own Ijinei tbu Ibo uinu crime wuulil no 
he Hime Teagentice. Itia cnliilogua uf women, 
IS Tiinioas bj Uie eTil of whleh Ibe^linve Lmd 
;ln* wi)b Eve, bdJ oDils iriih Aiiiio Bolejrn. 



JMMua prItM with tmoffaiding Hood 
Oi^ tfufwd (Mr DMM(i$. — I. p. It. 

'W ba* an; CDuuIr? bcwn lo cuned by the «pMt of po^ 
Mcaliou lu Bpaia. Dndar [he HenUiBn Koiperon it bad tU 
liiU ahara of luflerhifti and tbo tax fain) pncedent of appaol- 
iag lo tba Konliir power lo ]iuub>b beraty wttb death occonad 
In Spain. Tban came Ihe Arian euutnivera;. Tbere waa M 
mncb tneatrjr, ■■ miicli nnuur, u little uf llie apirit if Ciirik- 
danitj, aarl oa roach intalerance, rm on* part >B un tbe uthot; 
bat Uin ancaoiaM P*>^ yen batter poUiloinna, and more 
•Xpert la the inaniigoineul of mlnwiu. 

Kaar to tbe tXty tit Umd, or Oxwl, then wm a famoot 

CalJiolic choich, aiid a inoie fnmoiM baptiatcry, wliicb waa la 

the fbrm of a omtt. On H11I7 Tbnnday in every year, Uio 

biahop, tbe cHrfor, and the paople, uaemttled there, uw that 

tli« baptUtorj waa cnipty, gad er\joyed a marrelloua fngraiwe, 

which dllTenid ttvm Unlof aiiy, or all, llo«era and aplow; Ibr 

ll on* an udur whioh cnme aa tbe (Mi^r at Ui^ diviiw vinu* 

i WR> nbmit b) manlfiut iUolf. Tbeu they fuleiied the 

m of the ohnnxb, aod ■aaied them. On Ea«wr Eve the dnon 

N opened, the b«pitit«rr wa* faood hll of viier, and all 



NOTES TO KODERIOR. 277 

tfie children born within the preceding twelve months were 
baptized. Theudisclo, an Arian king, set his seal also upon 
the doors for two successive years, and set a guard there. 
Still the miraculous baptistery was filled. The third year he 
nupected pipes, and ordered a trench to be dug round the 
building; but, before the day of trial arrived, he was murdered, 
as opportunely as Arius himself. The trench was dry ; but the 
workmen did not dig deep enough, and the miracle was conti- 
nued. When the victory of the Catholic party was complete, 
it was no longer necessary to keep it up. The same baptistery 
was employed to convince the Spaniards of their error in 
keeping Easter. In Brito*s time, a few ruins, called Oscla, 
were shown near the river Cambria: the broken baptistery 
was then called the Bnth, and some wild superstitions which 
the peasantry related bore traces of the original legend. The 
trick was not uncommon: it was practised in Sicily and in 
other [daces. The story, however, is of some value, as show- 
ing that baptism was administered * only onco a year (except 
in cases of danger), that immersion was the manner, and that 
infants were baptized. 

Arianism seems to have lingered in Spain long after its 
defeat. The names Pelayo (Pelagius) and Arias certainly 
appear to indicate a cherished heresy; and Britof must have 
felt this when he deduced the former name from St. Pelayo 
of the tenth century; for how came the Saint by it, and how 
could Brito have forgotten the founder of the Spanish mo- 
narchv? 

m 

In the latter half of the eleventh century, the Count of 
Barcelona, Ramon Berenguer, Cap dc estcpa, as he was called, 
for his bushy head, made war upon some Chri!>tians who are 
said to have turned Arians, and took the castles into which 

* ^ In tb* M«eDteanth and last council of Toledo, it was decreed 
that Um baptistery shoold be shut up, and sealed with the epiflcopal 
sail, during the whole year, till Good Friday On that day, the bishop, 
In his pootiflcals, was to open it with great solcmoity, In token that 
Christ, by hi* passion and resurrection, had opened the way to heaven 
Ibr mankind, as on that day the hope wax opened of obtaining redemp- 
tion throng the holy nerament c€ baptij«m."— .tforo/M, 12, tj2, S. 

* Monarchla Luritaua, 2, 7, 19. 



Uu; retired.* By ihe Quuber of iheir ctutlei, wUlch he gave 
M thoM chief! wbo BHUtBd blm in ctmiiDeriiig IliDm, Liiy 
^lpea^ to luiva beea Dumeniiu. It i> not imiinibable Uut 
Ihou people were reoIJy wlial Ibej' in ooiieiJ: fur Aruui liu 
oever bueu, like MujiictiBoii, & lenn ignonuiUy nnd Indiicritai- 
Dolely gfveu to bcretict uf *U detorlptioiu ; anil then li no 
tiareiy wiiioh woold be «> well undsiataod In Spnin, and ta 
likely to bure roviveil there. 

Ths IselliiKi of the tniuu[>bimt p*rty Wward their oppo- 
aaals >re weU mnrlied by the mHiiDBr iu which St. leliloi* 
•pMki of Iha dentil of the Enipenir Valeoai " 1'hnicuuii feiro 
InoendiiMiuo depopnlButui', deletoque Runnuiunun exercita 
Iptum ViUoDtoiD JBCulo rahieratum, lu quniluii villa fogJau- 
tem cncceudtruiit, at merila ipse Kb eJi vivui lempomli cro- 
muetur iucendln, qui tain pulchnu uilnuu igolbiu nien>i>t 
UmdideraL" If tlie Cnilh of [his opioiOD ■luiuld he doubud, 
there it t- goud AUnuiMiui inirude, in the Chrouiciiut uf 5- 
bbkn mid Uslltus, to t^rore it. A oerlulii Arlan, by dum 
<ll;inpiu>,bwagintlie bath, bluphemed the Hoiy Trinity; end, 
behold! being struck by an uige! with ihroe Serydut*, be ww 
Tldhly consumed. 

With regard to the Arioiu, the CiithoUw unly did to llie 
otben M the utlien iroald hare dona ta them) bat the perw- 
esHon of the Jewi wu equally unprovoked and inbnmeu. 
They are uid to have betrayed many town* to the Uoortj 
uid It would be strauge indeed if they hail iiu:, by every 
nieaui In their power, auialad lo oTenlimwing a gavenini«nt 
twder which thsy were miserably opprauod. St. laidore hni 
B memorable paua^e rehitiiig to their cruel [vnecutian wid 
eompuliory converuon under Slubut i " Qui loitto cagul 
JndMotid Fidem Chriitlanalo pennorcni amalationeui qut- 
dem babnit, acd non secundum icientuun: pgteettite emm 
eoDipuiit, quM proTooite fldei ntiane oportnlt. Sed >]«□( eat 
eoriptnm, live per ooBMionem sive per TBriUtem, CfarietlU 
, in hoc g»nde<i el gaudebo." — a Mdor. CkrltL 



Otlh. iipatl', SoffraJa, vi. SOI. 
* P&TB Tomtoh- P 



I Illn. Ootli. mal rion 



NOTES TO RODERICK. 279 

The Moorish conquest procured for them an interral of 
repose, till the Inqnisition was established, and by its damna- 
ble acts put all former horrors out of remembruuce. When 
Toledo was recovered from the Moors by Alonso VI., the Jews 
of that city waited upon the conqueror, and assured him that 
they were part of the ten tribes whom Nebuchadnezzar had 
transported into Spain ; not the descendants of tlie Jerusalem 
Jews who had crucified Christ. Tlieir ancestors, they said, 
were entirely innocent of the crucifixion; for when Cainphas 
the high priest had written to the Toledtin synngogues to ask 
their advice respecting the person who called himself the 
Messiah, and whether he should bo slain, the Toledun Jews 
returned for answer, that in their judgment the prophecies 
seemed to be fulfilled in this person, and therefore ho ought 
not by any means to be put to death. This reply they pro- 
dnced in the original Hebrew, and in Arabic, as it had been 
translated by command of King Galifre. Alonso gave ear to 
the story, had the letter rendered into Latin and Castilian, and 
deposited it among the archives of Toledo. The latter version 
is thus printed by Sandoval : — 

** Levi Archisinugogo, et Samuel, ot Joseph, homes bones del 
Ayama de Toledo, & Eleaztur Muyd gnin Sacenlute, ^ 4 
Samuel Canud, y Anas, Cayplms, homes bouos de la Aljuma 
de la Terra Santa, Salud en el Dios de brad. 

** Azarias vow home, Maeso en ley nos nduxo la? carbis que 
TOS noe embiavades, por las quales nos faziades saber cuemo 
passavA la facienda del Prophcta Nazurct, que diz quo facie 
mnchas sennas. Colo por csta vila, non ha niucho, un cierto 
Samuel, fll de Amiicios, et fablo nusco, et rcconto muchas 
bondades deste home, que ye, que e.« home homildoso et manso, 
que fabia con los la^eriados, que faz A todos bien, <^ quo facien- 
dole A el mal, el non faz mal & ninguem ; et que es home fuerte 
con superbos et homcA malos, et quo vos nialainente teniades 
enemiga con el, por quanto en faz el (loscuhria vosoa pccados, 
ca per quanto facia esto, le aviadcs mala voluntad. Et per- 
qnirimoa deste home, en que aiio, 6 nic.^ 6 dia, avia nacido: et 
que Doe lo dixesse; falamos que el dia de la sua Natividude 
fofonvlitoa en estas partes trcs Roles muelle & muolle, fizieron 



SSa BOirrnET'a 

tolcknuntc nu »nl; «i aaBioo natoi jmdnt Mianw uu Mnnt, 
unudtM dixtraii qui oodo el HeMlu nieirla, ot qou por ■»!■• 
tun em JM iiwHiio. Calnil livnnnnrn ti par HTfliiUira tutja 
ranidu si nun I« ny*itt uiiitiido. BeliMba umbiim t>l inMiii- 
ohu homo, qu« ei lao fuy Is rcoonhiVB, qiH Dirtoa Hit jOi, 
bomci de mucin ■■plcnoin, en In ittn NMivMuls Icgatvn a 
HermtDDta, jiccquirieDiki lognr daudco) nlfia*iu)cloemiMiii]>: 
jr i|uB UoRidH Tosn Key ta uniia, •! ili[Kniti' juiitu 4 liuian 
wbiiil de IBB Tiln, i perquiriu ilDnilo nii>e*riii xl Inrii»l>% par 
qal«n inrqniriiui llaein,Bt la mnpandfcron. srj BvtJ«m d« Juili. 
MgDnqoa UichUU dcpart^QO pmrato. £t qDn>llKeron»qDBlH 
Uigos. qua una calrcJIn da gnu cisndail, do lucuua nduiu ft 
ISunitaiilHi cBtsduou Masila quek jmtmtl^ ofllmu Kcjn, 
M nn'Unin nn nlarldul dc l« «un NnllviduilD. Otrcnl, cutad 
Doo psnl^ilat nl qua tandn tmiudot nnvtin hrninu- Dt racdblr 
de tton talBQU. Unit hMd la qua turlerot por blm ajpilnUai 
DM tm doilmn qoo nin pot Moicgo, dUi por don olTodrlo 
in cnnumtliulcnlo de tit tun motTc Ca, nl no*' Ma 
logo ■arin nuaaiu), qae 1 



n vl luo HwfhH^^^ 
hoinea de tnw^^^^H 

u.»,u'^!^^t^^H 

BpHdea cinto, (N^^H 



B dantM TIM «(e oom^o, magnon >oil« 
Mpaiifa, qua tnipidBi gtst'le aOeunenta i 
ftodn, potqna el Diot <1« Urael eiKyodo con 1 
eun tegnndu ile tnM icgundo tenplo. Cr tupailea ctnto, i 
lia de ler doftruyila ; «t pur mlu raaon nonw Bali^ii>»B>l<», qn* 
lalleron da oaptlrtriada Babylonia, ^ndotuoCipiiniio fvurn, 
que anbia lt«j> Cp<a, et aduxo nnnca tiiDfUi tiquffu qu« 
Mllode Uabylonfaiiafiadaiesenualnaendoeapilvldeae,*! 
fonin reccbidcB an Tolodo de GanlUuqaa j uuniTiiii, il adlA- 
ganin dm gmnde Aljiinu, at onn qDitierun trnWar ft JanunlvB 
etraTagtila ft adllloRrTiraiplii,Btl(itido aerdHtnildo am rtfpt' 
da. Oe Toledo nlono dlaa dri mat NiHUi, Era de Catai dla* 
f oebo, y da Augwio Oenvuuio Htcoia y uao." — fiondlm^ Tl. 
Had Aloii»o boen a> xoalnua a* •oma of hi* Umhlc prade- 
tamin IT liU »<»( Riithnlle *nccoi«m, be mlghl hata famd 
letlnr for ordnring all Ilia .lawi uf Toladv 



to tb* (nnt, milew Uiey would ahnw d 
■dben lo tbe Qplninn of (Mapluu ini 



la why ihoy al 



NOTES TO RODERICK. 281 

GeDcral Valiancy believes that the Spanish Jews were 
brought into the Peninsula by Nebuchadnezzar, and ndmits 
these Toledans as authority. He quotes Count de Gcbclinf 
■nd refers to Strubo and Ezekicl. The proof from Ezekiel 
rests upon the word Orb, Earb, VVarb, or Gharb; which is 
made into Algarve ! 

A Jew in Tininte el Blanco (p. 2, c. 74, f. 243) explains the 
difference between the ditferent races of Jews. "■ They are 
three," he says. " One, the progeny of those who took counsel 
for the death of Christ; an<l they were known by this, that 
tliey were in continual motion, hands nnd foct, and never could 
rest; neither could their spirit ever be still; and they had very 
little shame. The second were the descendants of those who 
put in execution and assisted at the various parts of the suffer- 
ings and death of Christ ; and they never could look any man 
in the face ; nor could they, without great difficulty, ever look 
np to heaven. The tliird were the children of David, who did 
all they could to prevent the death of Christ; and shut them- 
■elves up in the temple, that they might not witness it. These 
are affable, good men, who love their neighbors; a quiet, 
peaceable race, who can look anywhere." 

Thomas Tamaio de Vnrgas, the editor of the >purious Luit- 
prand, says, that not only many Hebrew words nre mixed 
with the old Spanish, but that, prd dolor! the black and stink- 
ing Jewish blood had been mingled with the most pure blood 
of the Spaniards (p. 96). " They were very anxious," he 
aays, "to intermarry, and spoil the }»ure blood." And he 
adds, that the Spaniards call them jmtos, quia jminnt. *^ But," 
aays Sir Thomas Browne, " that an unsavory oiior is gentili- 
tious, or national to the Jews, we cannot well concede. And 
if (according to good relations), where they may freely speak 
it, they forbear not to boast that there arc at present many 
thousand Jews in Spain, Fnince, and England, and some dis- 
pensed withal even to the degree of priesthood, it is a matter 
rery considerable, and, could they be smelled out, would much 
advantage not only the church of Christ, but al^o the coffers 
oi princes. The ground that begat or propagated this asser- 
tion might bo the distasteful aver»eness of the Christian from 
the Jew ui>on the villany of that fact, which made them 



SOUTH EV's I 



•etinli in lUa nMliilti uf all ni»n.' Wliich 
ml prnctlca nnd mvUiphorlcnl expreulon did n^er proaeMJ 
Into n lilerul oonalmclion. but was ■ (Vnudulont illalion: tol 
oich (in evil uvor tbclr fnlber Jncot) acbnuwledged iu him- 
w]C, whan ha said his lOiis had mode Itlm Btink in thii l*nd; 
UuU is, In ba nbomloibls utiln ths inhihilHtitg Uiermf. An- 
ollKr MOM b nr;^ by Onn){i«|{in<, and mnoh reoelved bv 
Obriatiuu,— Uutt this ill uvor i> a ouno derived upon Iliem 
by Chrltl, aud ttaudt at a baitge ai bruiil or a geiieralloii that 
cradflad ttiair Bahalor. Bui thin !• a cnneell wltlinnt all war- 
nuit, and aii eatjr wajr lo lake off dispnie !n irhnl point of 
obacniltr loaver." — Vulgar Ermri, b. It. oh. 10. 

Tba MBhommcdiHia alio bold a like dpinlou of tho nnaa- 
TSrinen of Iha Jaws, aad aconuni for It by thi* legend, wbtcb 
iagfrenfajSale: "Snmoiif the chililren of Iimel atiandoimt 
thair dwelUnga becauaa uf a paatllcnoa, or, ns ulhen anj', to 
ttnid Mcvinfi id a religioua war j but, a* ihey Bed, God atniek 
tbem all dead in a cartaiD valley. Abooc alglii ilay* c* man 
•ftar, vban tliair bodie* tvere carmpieil, the fmpliHt Eialclet, 
happening to paat that way, hE the light vapt; whereupon 
Ood anJd to him, ' CuU to Uicni, Eieklal t and I wUl rcalon 
ttaam to lift.' And accordingly, on ihe prophcl'ii call, tbay nil 
aniaa, and Kvod aaveml year* afUir: but thay retained Ih« 
Qolor and itenob of dead carjitoa aa long »t they UvedtU 
Um oloChea Ihey wore were chiuigad ■< blaek u pilch, i ' 
qnalllioi they inuiamlRed to their pi»i«iity." 

Ona of our own tmvellen^ tellt at of a eurlniia pmi 
■pplicatlofl of this belier In Barbary. " The Uoora oi' 
icier," ba nya, " vhea they vrant run. and liare prayed ta 
vnla for il, tet Iha Jewa to work, inylng. that, thoof^ God 
would not gnuit It lo the pmyers of the r■iUIl^ll. he would 10 
the Jewi, In order to he rid of tlidr Mink." Ludlcrmi* M tbtl 
ie, South haa a paaiage ooneetiiiiig the .lewt, which It llttla 
more reatonable, in ottt of hie aeimun!. " The truth la," ha 
Mya, "the* were, all along, a nron, odd, nntoward lort of 
people, and eueh aa God Herni lo baTe choaen, and (ae II 
Pnqihel* loniatinie* phnua It] to hare Mpoiued to hitt 



• llln. sf Iha rvplltlij' of Tl 



u PaltM. p. m. 



NOTES TO RODERICK. 283 

npoii the very same account that Socrates espoused Xaiitippe, 
only for her extreme ill conditions, above all that he could 
possibly find or pick oat of that sex; and so the fittest arga- 
ment both to exercise and declare his admirable patience to 
the world.'* ~ Vol. i. 421. 



A yoke 
Of iron servitude oppressed and gaUed 
The children of the toil — I. p. 16. 

Of the condition of the slaves under the Spanish Wi^igoths, 
I have given an account in the Introduction to tlie ** Chronicle 
of the Cid." This also, like the persecution of the Jews, must 
greatly have facilitated the Moorish conquest. Atiother facili- 
tating cause was, that, notwithstanding; their frequent civil 
diBturt>ance8, they had in great mensurc ceased to be a warlike 
people. The many laws in the ** Fucro .Juzgo," fur compelling 
men to military service, prove this. These laws are full of 
ocnnplaiDts that the people would avoid the service if they 
oould. Habits of settled life seem throughout Europe to have 
effeminated the northern conquerors, till the Normans reno- 
Tsted the race, and the institutions of chivalry and the cm- 
produced a new era. 



Thotiy Calpij saw'st their coming ; amienl Jiock 
Menoumed^ no longer nmo shall thou bt c(dUd 
From Gods and Heroes of the years of yore, 
Knmos or hundred-handed Briareus^ 
Bacchus or Hercules ; Imt doomed to bear 
The name of thy new conqueror, — I. p. 16. 

GibelHil-Tarif, the mountain of Tarif, is the received ety- 
mology of Gibraltar. Ben Hazel, a Granadan Moor, says ex- 
pressly, that the mountain derived its name from this geiieraL 
Its former appellations may be seen in the ^* Historia de Gi- 
braltar,** by Don Ignacio Lopez de Avalu. The derivation of 
the word Calpe is not known: Floriaii de Ocampo identifies 
it with the English word ^alkping, in a ])a«>sage which may 



SOCTHETS POEMS. 



1 wpin 



• tlie Spauiih icholnr. 



n nombnidla Aw 



Ilamarle Cnipe, cuyn nuson, tegan illcfin nigunnt, pra«td1o da 
qna Iw Ali>lilui!«i uiioiiiniM an >b laiigun t^ii-jn sullui llamu' 
Calfpw J Olpw A qualeHjniBT nana eiihio>lB« j lavimtadu, 
■gorn fiieMn pciiaKiw, & plumu, 6 nindcnv. 6 plcdnu tamo- 
res, ooma 1o siKiiificBTDiM eu loa diet y oclio ciiplTnlo* pi«M- 
■lonui: y diun qn« con nUr nllijunloile QiL>rallur solira >u* 
HUtiniu el rioBu, ijiia jm liiie majr eucuiiibniJo j •iililcMa, 
4anl Uoy in purccv, Jo tlmiinbiui Gidpvs uiuvUim AihIkIdom 
^tiidiH: y por«u r«5|>MM la meamn poblsdon vino tninbleo 
1 teller ilcfpau ■qa«1 jaopHn nomlir*. No ikhan olms pcn«- 
lua que algrniuiido In* E»erilunu Gnegu pougnn etU ratoD 
M cuiDbre Cdljim mocho lUvgnaineiile, diuieiulo, qn* ijUUido 
tM oomiriDa Argannntu iletetnlMrcBnHi ro Eapnnii, rsrclui del 
••trecho. iDfcun yt to deolammn, el tiaopo que hndin hm 
•sercldM orrib* dlebot, de mICm y luobu, j raiuiuu acorda- 
du, blon 11*1 coma loi putorea Eipnihilea camiiicenas reolblui 
eonleubiioiento* gnuide, minulo Im bilei defenToltunn f llg*> 
MKBi, no nii-iioe nqoeilDt Orieicos nolen Tenidm DDlaban tlgor- 
doe juegDt, dodo que tnlii^cn<» y diSeilai, qae lot maonM 
putore* abntban enire t\ jiuni >u recmtcioii y depmte ; porU- 
enlaroMate cmuiiieniniii an ragiKyii ile rnlinltua, rlitndn olertM 
diM iiilHiHiInt vetiliD todm A>e jiitiUr cotno pun oat* da gnu 

" El qnol regocys hKcbin dulR muiDn. Tomaban yega>* 
■11 pelu, quiuilo miu oorrcduns j llgonu podleii luiUrr, * 
pueiioi ellra enolma detnuili* ein alpana nipa, ntalniii en liu 
qnUndaa liHriifeiichoa d« raniH, Inroido) y ni\jedna A xnittirn 
it freno, con que ealkn dtd pueito dm A doe ft la par ewrlandd 
to mat qne au* yvgoni pudlan, pam llogar i cimta eejini de 
pluurae enbiostai 6 de 'imdcroii liiiicadoa j- lavnnladot en flB de 
In camtB. Venidn a) Tncdiu treolio dn lu onrridn MiIlsbeD 
d« lu yeguM en Uemi, no liu pnranda nl dsteoieiidoi y *al 
trubadna por el brublcaebo, eorrtan luinbifii elloa i plo, aln Ua 
doxor, puciln quo maa Airia tlevnten; poiqtia ■! laa •toiabeli it 
M ileapreniUan ile1li»,y no auolBntabon *1 tnoa cuntlnnanuiiiT*. 
liula aer iimade la eemn. perdlan le TeipnkitlDn j lot apne*- 
tki, qaedBDJo tan amejismidoa y Tcnfldos qnnnlo queilarla 
Mmboto qolen pritnero Uogaee o<>ii >u Jtga» pnm tianu 1* 



NOTES TO RODERICK. 285 

preta que tenian en el fin de la carrera sobre las pizarras 6 
maderoA hincados. Quando saltaban de sus yeguas, dicen qne 
les iban hablando porque no se detuvieseiif voceandoles y dici- 
endoles A menudo palabras animosos y dulces: llumubanlet 
pies hennosas, generosas en el correr, casta real, hembras 
preciosas, acFecentadoras de sns honras, y ma<t otras rn zones 
mochas con qne las tenian vezadas, & no ce panir ni pcrder el 
inpeta comenzado: de manera que los tropeles en este punto. 
Ion pundonores y regocijos de correr, y de no mostrar floxedad 
era cosa mucbo de notar, asi por la parte de los hombres, como 
por parte de las yeguas. A los Gricgi>s Argonnutas les parecio 
jnego tan varonil que muchns veces lo proburon tambien ellos 
4 revuelta de los Espnnoles, como quiera que jamas pudieroo 
tener aqnella vigilancia ni ligerezn, ni reciura que tenian estos 
otros para durar con sus yeguas. Y dado que las tales yeguas 
oorriesen barto furiosas, y les ensenasen muchos dins antes A 
segair estas pareja<(, qtianto mejor entendian d la verdadf ni las 
de los unos, ni las de los otros corrian tanto de.<pue.« que salta- 
ban dellas, como quando los traian encima: y asi las palabras 
que los Griegos en aquella sazon pue^itos & pie hablaban eran 
tambien al mesmo proposito conformes 4 ]:is de los Andaluces 
EspaSoles en su lengua provincial, nombrandolas Calopes, 
Galopes, Galopes A la contina, que fu palabni Griega, compu- 
esta de dos vocables: uno Galos, que significa co«a hermosa, 
ligera y agraciada: otro Pus, que quiere decir pie, como que 
las llamasen pies agraciados, 6 pies dcscnvueitos y ligeros: y 
por abreviar mas el vocablo, para que pus yeguas lo pudiesen 
mas presto sentir, acortabanlo con una letra menos en el medio. 
T en lugar de nombrarlas Galopes, les dcciam Cal[>es, que 
significa lo mesmo Galopes: la qnal palabra me parece dura 
todaria hasta nuestro siglo presente, donde pocan letr.is muda- 
das, por decir Galopes 6 Galpes, lo pronunciamo* Galopes, 
quando los cnballos y yeguas, 6 qualesquier otros animile^, no 
corren A todo poder sine trote largo seguido. Vino de>to que 
las mesmas fiesta? y manera del juego se nombr.in>n Calpes: 
dado qne para conmigo bastara saber la victoria de.^te juego 
ooittistir en ligereza de pies, y por C9o solo deberse llamar 
Galopes A Galpe, sin anadir lo que hablaban A las yeguas, pnes 
aqoeUo priroeio comprehende bastantemente la razon deste 



nkcablo. Pero il Uilari* fne derto que les tle< 
pdnbru qiumilo ccrriiiti ann piirojim, ntngnriH coui 
Im tqni panlu." — Oonniea Gturraldt KtpnHa, 



/"amtiH owl PtiUlmct had umttd Atm. — L p. IT. 



n at EgitM, WlUt&'i Cillier, 



"plspi iiignlial 



Imniluiriocinlilaf illnbUor." — leid. PartntU. Ami f 
jraim before tha Moorlib invulan, — "habin hnbida oontlntM 
hMnbre J putiloaaiii vn Bspafii, con quo h habUn dubtlllado 
mnohoitu oiurpot, ilnla que •) ocki U* hnbla emflnqoadilo." — 
Manila, U, OD, &. 

St. ]>ldor«, in )i)> liltitnry i<f tbe Gotlm, dittlnati; d«erib«« 
the Nortbcni Lli;hU amoni; the t\gn» thot snnoiin»d tlin war* 
ofAnila. "Ualn codem toiDpore cmll el iDim ligim pnBces- 
wnint, qnoniin prodlgib turn eruilele bsllum gignlficwotur. 
Mnia, Hul'iiil* lerrM miXibDS fniitii, a partn OrirnUa t>nna tm- 
aat> Ell, ■ Mil1» aveBta ttelln comeles npimrult, nt(;i]a IngonU 
■Hgnltudioa BUquandin Gdiit jli nf«U>*u pja^ mAnt rw- 
t«M, •fakl (fdu aid Manptiti, tffatat a 



Ths folIo*r1n|i dwcripdon of Iha ilnM of ibe ObnailMi 
w«iU when iba Snrncen* begati ibeir DonqDuo, l» bikan froin 
« aingalar ntuiuwrlpt, " wbcn In the hl'Inry of the cmtmili* 
•ad of lU the H*hi)itimeitan ampemn fhnn A. P. EM, to A. D. 
lt«B, t> ^therol out of (he Chronikm of WltllniQ Arohbl'liop 
«f Tjrraiw, the protoaeribe of Paleitlne, of UwiUiu Jbohannai 
BaraUas, wid mnilnr othirn, uid rtdutroil Into n pnom e]i<ke 
by Baliert Burnt, ISin." TliB unihor wiu on oM KdiSar, 
whni* iKn^age li a compound of jMhni Sylvnlcr and King 
Camb^Ms, with a atroag relinh oF Aiiclaiit Piiiol. 



NOTES TO RODERICK. 

** Now In thit 8ln>flood agBf not only in BmI 
Did the impioas impi the lUthftil peneente. 
Bat like alllietion them punned in West, 
And in all parte the good trod under foot : 
For fiUth in some wu <M>ld, from others fled. 
And fear of God dislodged out human hearts: 
Astrea flown to skies, and in her stead 
Iniquity enthroniaed. In all parte 
Violenoe had Togoe; and on sathanixed earth 
Frand, Mischief, Murder, martiallM the camp; 
Sweet Virtue fled tlie field ; Hope out of breath; 
And Viee, all-stainer, every soul did stamp : 
So that it seemed World drew to^s evening tide, 
Nooght else expecting but Ohrist^s second coming; 
For Cliaiity was cold on every side, 
And Truth and Trust were gone firom earth a*mnmminc 
All things oonlhsM ran, so that it seemed 
The Worid return would to his chaos old : 
Princes the path of Justice not esteemed ; 
Headlong with prince ran people young and old. 
All salnet confederations infHaged, 
And fbr light cause would prince with prince enqoarrel 
Ooontiies bestreamed with blood, with fire besinged; 
All set to each, all murder's sorts unbarrelled. 
No wight his own could own : 'twas current coin 
■Mh Man to strip, provided he were rich. 
The ehnroh sacriledged, choir made cot for swine. 
And wniomM ministers were made to scritcbe : 
Bobbing was made fUr purchase ; murder, manhood; 
And none secure by land ne sea conld paw. 
Tike humble, heartlces, irefiil hearts ran wood, — 
■sleemM most who nriMchief most could dress : 
All labrlA lusts shameleee without oomptroli 
Ban ftill caner; each would a rider be; 
And Heaven's fHend, all sainct Continency, 
Waa banisiied quite. Laacirioasncss did roll ; 
Frugality, healthful Sobriety, 
No pmcm could And : all parts enquartered wera 
^th aaochus-bmtes and Satyres-luzury. 
All lawleas games bore sway, with blasphemes roai«; 
"Twist elerk and lafek diflbrenee was none ; 
JNi^gniiM all, phantastiek out of norms : 
Bat, at IIm prophei says, as priests do run. 



287 



SOUTHBI^a POEUS. 



riuhly kU, ill aim; •ImonlHd, 



Til* plDt[ki|| pDlllUiiip'a pito lUlmlrgd, 
Their tlrlll couMiUdi Id pnrvutJoD'f iwi 
PMhklu pnltonil, Ojprtii nn iUdnd 
OeKn or mbcl Jift Ovrlnc mDoii-tlil* A 
Ba Uut II ■HHi'd tbut all Hnh denpant 
Uk* wolf-imn] ahnp mn pluiifM ba 
In r(t o( htll 1 podillti] nU pMtrulljr, 
niflcoarl. rliqrch. commoiu, proflncc. 
All ha^sudj ; noiu ndialuM iwc« eoo! 
Kt bj tiM word, (In w«d ^UHd by ori 
H< }>l b; ilsiu tint ipottad ebrviul Ik 
If* other pmdl^i, prvUgve ikd, 
NdthtF gnil-abiiklflEi of thli eeUJell (li 
KilUin ilwrpii ptncU of mr, bmiiu, p 

Or CbctoUiai cbdh (hair (Id->c|M ttb 






t* oT thil ilni 



Our How Dol ptnllal b; Ihj Jiutka Ui 
Bat Klili th; mon^'i puiUiUuK bmi', 
ftdbna our orituiiful Anf lea by fnut* I 



NOTES TO RODERICK. 



289 



T tmlM diaa Ia mortal pelMi, 

Bl lol 7 Uf eftreUas por jaec«s, 
Sa Espula duro, sin darar ella 
Sfaa en sa libertad, que en feuccella.*' 

Balbuena, FJ BerumrdOj t. U. 375. 



Roderick*s royal car. — I. p. 17. 

'^ Boderike, the first dny after the battayle, observing the 
a«ftiicient guise of his countrcy, came into the fieldo apparailiod 
in a gowne of beaten golde, having also on his head a crown 
of gold, and golden shoeSf and all his other nppaniile set with 
rich pearles and precious stones, ryding in a horse-litter of 
ivorie, drawne by two goodly horses; which order the Goths 
used alwayes hi battailes for this considenition, — thnt the 
souldioura, well knowing their king could not escape away by 
flight from them, shuld be assured that there was none other 
way but either to die togither in that place, or else to winne 
the victorie; for it had bone a thing most shamefull and re- 
proachful to forsake their prince and anoynted soveraigne. 
Which castome and maner many free confederate cities of 
Ualie folowing, trimmed and adorned for the wurres a certmn 
ehayre of estate, called Girocio, wherein were set the pcnons 
and ensigns of all the confederates. This ehayre, in battaile, 
was drawn by many oxen, wherby the whole hoast was given 
to understand that they could not with any honesty Hie, by 
reason of the slow pace and unwcUiinesse of those lieavie 
beasts.** — A Notable IKttorie of die Saracens^ draicen irut of 
Augutthw Curio, and sundry other good AtUhuurs. By Thonytt 
SewUm, 1676. 

*' En ruedas de marfll, envuelto en sedas, 
De oro la frente orlada, y mas dispuesto 
Al tiiunfo y al festin que & la pelea, 
£1 soctseor inditfno de Alarlco 
Llero tras si la maldlcion etcma. 
Ah! yo la Ti : la lid por slete dias 
Duro, mas no ftie lid, fhe una sang^cnta 
Canifceria : huyeron lo« cobardes 
Lot traidorBS vendieron siu bandenus 
Los lyMrtes, los leales perccieron.'* ^tMtana 

TOL. IX. U 



2di) 



aOtlTBEl 



I roHsis. 



!e of Kipg Don Rod- 



The RuUioroTlhe clilTalrons "Chroaicte o1 
riao " giTM B fingoliir deicriptioi] of (hi« enp, opera tlie unUmri- 
ty of Ui preiciidRl u-i^riii) "EleaMnu;" ibr liv, "seouig llwl 
caluBitiei wonl on inorMuing, uul tbat liic il«Uui)tiaa of Iba 
Oiitlia H'lu Rl hfliiil, IbouKlit Ihnt, If Uiliigj w*n to eiiil u th*v 
hull lMi|;iin, <I would b« s numel if there alinul'l ba iii 5|>iiin 
uijr kiug oi lord of the lioDnKo of the Oullis n.lt«t (lie deith of 
Kiug Don RoJcigu; uid thctefore il impoiled muvb Ibal bn 
(houlil IritTS lielunil liim ii leiaviaUnirilie of the cuflomt of Ibt 
Qolhie ldn)ri< vi'l of the RMnner In which Uiejr were wont tc 
enter inlo hatlle, nnd how thej went to wnr. And he my*, 
OuU the l(iiig u*ed (o go in a car nuiilt 
Tb<i ohaeli uf tl.iji cu veru miule of 
and th« uletree wm cE line ellTcr, will tha perch wii at Hne 
gold. Il iru dmwii by two hoi«ei, who were uf gmt alie. 
■nd gentle; hckI upou the e«r then one pitched a I«al, to 
lirfpi that it oorervd Iha wliole cbtj nnd il wu of Sti* eUMh of 
gold, ui>on which wvr« wroaght iill the grtrnt fmt: in uini 
vbkb had been aobloved nulil that time. And the pilUrof 
tlie l«nl wan of gidd ; mid naiiy elouts of great vbIbb were lol 
in it, whleli ntit Ibrlh nieh epiendur, tluit bj night ih«ni vea 
no need of any other light therelti. And the onr nnd tbi 
hotMs bore the enma adominenls M the kitig; and thee were 
(hll iif jiault, the htrgwl wliirh ouulil he foand. And In the 
middle of the ear there wni a wat pluoad agnintC iha p<IUr nf 
the timt; and thi* HoI wui of great price, Iniomaoh thai the 
Tnlue of it munul !>• •utnmed up, fi nwoy and *a great wen 
the itODH whiirh were Ml in it ; and It wu wroa^t an a«bl]y. 
and ofiuoh tnre wot^nuinthip, that tbay wbotawiUBarrelled 
thereat. And upon Ililt teal the king wu aenlnl. bang lifteit 
ap <o high tluit all in the boat. Utile ta great. mi^I behold 
hlm. And 'n th1> mnnnar it waa uppoinM that the king 
ehonU go t« war. And round aboBi the obt there wen Is go 
a tboutaud Liiigbli, who had all been knighted by tlie baud of 
tlie king, iill ornwil i and in tlie lU j of IniUle tbny were to he ni 
font round about Ibn oar; end all pli;;liied hnmngn to the king 

would mther recelm tlieir death there tbaii go frow tbeit 
^aoa betide the oar. And the king luul hi* erowu upon bit 



NOTES TO RODERICK. 291 

head. And in this guise an the kings of the Qotlis, who had 
been lords of Spain, were to go to battle; and this costom thej 
had all observed till the ELing Don Bodrigo ; but he, because 
of the great grief which he had in his heart, would never 
ascend the car, neither did he go in it into the battle.** — 
Part L c «16. 

That helm 
Who$€ Aoms, amid the thickest of the fray 
UmineiUf had marked his presence. — I. p. 17. 

Morales describes this homed helmet from a coin : ^ Tiene 
de la una parte su rostro, harto diferente de los que eu las otras 
mooedas de estas reyes parecen. Tiene manera de estar ar- 
mado, 7 salenle por cima de la celada unas puntas como cuemoe 
peqnefioe y derechoe por ambos lados, que lo hacen estraSo y 
•^Mutable.** Flores has given this coin in his " Medallas de 
Kspafia,** from the only one w^ch was known to be in exist- 
ence, and which was then in the collection of the Infante D. 
OabrieL It was struck at Egitania, the present Idana, and, 
like all the coins of the Visigoth kings, is of the rudest kind. 
The lines which Morales describes are sufficiently apparent; 
and, if they are not intended for horns, it is impossible to guess 
what else they may have been meant to represent. 

** These Gothic coins,** says P. D. Jeronymo Contador de 
Argote, ^ have a thousand barbarisms, as well in their letters 
as in other circumstances. They mingle Greek characters 
with Latin ones; and, in what regards the relief or figure, 
nothing can be more dissimilar thnn the representation to the 
thing which it it intended to represent. 1 will relate what 
happened to me with one, however much D. Egidio de Albor- 
Doe de Macedo may reprehend me for it in his * Parucer Ana- 
thomico.' Valeric Pinto de Sa, an honorable citizen of Brago, — 
ef whom, in various parts of these Memoirs, I have made 
welMeserved mention, and of whose friendship I have been 
proud ever since I have been m that city, — gswe me, some six 
V seven years ago, a gr>ld coin of King Lcovigildo, who was 
the first of the Gothic kings of Spain that coined money; for, 
till tben^ both Goths and Sueve:) used the Roman. I ex- 
amiiiad it leisurely; and what I cleariy saw was a otom on the 



:; uid oil llie ravente •ommblug, I knsimi 



banover, uoaniin wliac ibey figuifl«il. Il huppentil id 
IbHt tiuie tU%i I had Ihe honor o{ n vbit rram Ui* uiut U 

micitku <it llie Boyal AcmJcmy, iind at )iniKut a moat d«a«r 
iiig and emineDt Principal of [lin Bely Patninihia CbunUi. 
Be taw tlili coin; and he oho wac purzlod by Iho ilda whicb 









raturned It, uijing that bi 



LicroBoope. and tbat « 



:i, Uie portrait oT King L 

it y«l ontiroly wlislled: how^-* 



glld«. 1 wrnf™ U.. 

avor, 1 abowad II nftarwnrdii f dUe 

Mid they knew nut what th« mid figure oould be; bnl, w 

1 dulred ihem loaooirit oould be thi* ponmlt, Uiay til nitivad 

that il was. Tlili uudeaelvad xue; and, by looking al Uie ooin 

in every puatlble tight, at last 1 oauie to hw II alio, and ao- 

luiowledgo Ihe tiutli with the real. And anerwonlt I found, 

In the ' Ulologue* nr Antonio Agi»iinho,' tronttng of thaw 

GoChlo coini, Ilial there are some o( luch ruile wurki 

that, where m fane thould be repreeeuted, wma p 

pitohor, and oihen an uni." — Mesioriiu ik Braga, l ill. p. Ui 



BebnOtAti 



\T hvu tile wine of Jof. — l. p. IT. 



Gaaitalele hud been tliu* luteiprele<l lii Plurui. I' 
Sngrvla," L Ix. p, M.) Karlier wnlen hnil aiBartud (t 
ODt proof) lliHl the BDclenta called it Lalhoi uid U 
added to thna iionuu their wuni iur rirer. Lo(>a do V 



NOTES TO BODBRICK. 293 

Y llaniMw memoria dMte dU 

Kn qiM EspaSa perdio U qtM tenhu 

Qua por doods A Ia mar entrara apeoas 

Difcnmciando el agua, ya ae ria 
Gon roxo humor de lai aangri«ntaa Tenaa, 

Por donde le cortara y diridia: 
6nm Uempo conAenraron sua arenaa 

(T pienao que ha llegado 4 la edad mia) 
SeUqniaa dul eatrago 7 piedraa echaa 
▲imas, hierroa de lama 7 de flechaa." 

JenuaUn ConquiHaday 1. li. ff. ISC 

Tbe date of the battle is given witli grandiloquous circum- 
ttantiality by Miguel de Barrios. 

*' Salio la t«rc«r alra del tonante 
NoTierobre, conTeatido nebuloao, 
Sobre el alado bruto que al brillante 
CarrOf aaca del pielago eapumoeo; 
Y en el frio Kacorplon caaa rotante 

Del fiero Marte, el Aatro lumlnoso 
Al aon que compaaao aua plan tea aueltaa 
Dio aetecientaa y catorze bueltaa.*^ 

Coro de Uu MuuUf p. 100. 

He states the chronology of Pelayo's accession in the same 

taste. 

** Bra el pontlflcado del Segundo 

Gregorlo ; Emperador Leon Tercero 
Del docto Orlego ; y de! IVninno inmnndo, 

Zuleyman MlramamoUn K^errero ; 
Y de Daphne el amante nibicundo 

Soreara el mar del fulgido Camero 
Sietedentaa y dies y echo vexea, 
Dezando el puerto de loa aureoa Peaces." 

Coro de las Mutas^ p. 108. 



Th€ arrowi pautd him by to right and left. — I. p. 18. 

The French Jesuits relate of one of their converts in Canada, 
4 HnroDf by name Jean Armand Andeonanihen, that ouoe 
** ettant en gaerre eschauffe au combat, il s'enfon^a si avant 
4mm lea darts et les fldches des cnuemis, qu*il fut abandonn^ 



291 



SOCTHET'a POEUB. 



del aleii* duni lo plaa taiX de k ni«tl4«. Ce Ait tlort qn'tl m 
noammeiiila pliu paiticulidrement faDieu: il Hoiii poor Ion 
nil uiooun ti ptteent, qua du dxfiuii, Hptiuyd aur oeile uiaimc 
MuBaucc, U «>t loCOoun I« premier ee la pla> nriiul duu let 
pAilt, et Jnmait oe {^t, pnur qu«lqU( dnnger qu'll eDVUBgO. 
Js voyoti, diiuil-il, coinnw un* peslo ile nedies veiilr Tondn 
rar moyi ja irnvaiii pgint d'luire bnucUer pnur ]» iirrMtei, 
que la GroyftQcs uula quv Oleu dlipouot dg mn vie, il en fcroil 
lalna la f olaut£. Qom tlnngtl In fitdiu I'icarloUM i ■«■ 
ifak* ttnUii fdtvi, iluoit-U^ ^utftiU Ctun lura yu'tiU rimamttt bt 
polalt (Tim biuimibi qui ra tontra marti-" — Rrbtliun ilt la Jt. 
fVmKt, Mil, p. US. 



Hef-uml himKff an Ana'i kmfa, 
fail iy llu OiuUam ScKooU. — I. p. 3L 
TUa lit* of tliii moniuMr]-, vhtoh wiu una or Ihs moat 
BourisUiiig MnilniuHea of thnt ngr, u bcllBved to liB*« bsen two 
iMSue:^ fivm Meridn, upon Iha OundiBim, wbers tlie Ermlda, 
or Chnpel of Cubiilui*, *Mndi at preaent, or wu tiauding « 
ftw yean ngo. The legend, rrum Thicli 1 liavs bikan indl 
oireuinitaiiuw os mlgUt euilr Uare luppeiied, and n> Xilted 
my plan, wat inreiiied by a nee at men, who, in the Mlenl at 
tnTenlion, tuivis left all poate and romuivers far lieliiiid Iham. 
Florei nifan to Brilo tor it, and oxciuei blnitelf fnnu tnlaUn^ 
It, becBiua it i> Dot neoeuary to liie* lolycat. lu reality, ha 
neither believed tlie itory, nor obote to exproia his ohjeoiloiu 
to iL H[i disbelief woe probitbly founded uimn the eu>pioiiRU 
ohnruitBr of Brito, who waa not at that timo lo decidedly 
ooodeniaed by bis oonntryineii as bo ii at pronnt. I give 
the legend from tbli veraeloui Clilerolnn. Umt i>r bin other 
ftLbricationi have baen exploded; bat thit hae giten fIh to 
■ popolar and fuhionablB idolatry, which itlll malotaini Iti 

" The monk did not renturs to teBva him akiiie In Ihnt die- 
ooiHoliite ttnle, and, lokiiig him a|iirt, beaonghl him tiytli 
peitloa of Jenu Cbriii to Dunwnl UM they twain ehouM'g 

• anfiBit aafwla, t- dL p Sa 



NOTES TO RODERICK. 295 

logskher. And save a venerable image of the Virgin Mary our 
Lady, which in that convent flourished with great miracles, 
and had been brought from the city of Nazareth by a Greek 
monk, called Cyriao, at such time as a heresy in the parts of 
the East arose against the use and venenition of image:*; and 
with it a relic of the Apostle St. Bartholomew, and another of 
St. Bras, which were kept in an ivory coffer; for it would be 
a great sacrilege to leave them exposed to the ill-treatment of 
barbarians, who, according to public fame, left neither temple 
nor sacred place which they did not profane, casting the image:* 
into the fire, and dragging them at their horses* tails for a 
greater opprobrium to the baptized peoi)le. The king, seeing 
himself thus conjured by the passion of our Redeemer Jesus 
Christ, in whom alone he hiid consolation and hope of remetiy, 
and considering the piety of the thing in which he was chosen 
for companion, let himself be overcome by his entreaties; and 
taking in his arms the little image of our Lady, and Romano 
the coffer with the relics, and ^ome provision for the journey, 
they struck into the middle of Portugal, having their faces 
alway towards the west, and seeking the const of the ocean 
sea, because in those times it was a land more solitary*, and less 
frequented by the people, where they thought the Moons would 
not reach so soon; because, as there were no countries to con- 
quer in those parts, there was no occasion which should lead 
them thither. Twenty and six days the two companions tra^ 
veiled without touching at any inhabited place; and, after 
enduring many difficulties in crossing mountains and fording 
rivers, they had sight of the ocean sea on the 22d of November, 
being the day of the Virgin Martyr St. Cecilia; and, as if in that 
place they should have an end of their labors, they took some 
comfort, and gave thanks to God for that he had saved them 
from the hand of their enemies. The place which they 
roaohed is in the Qmtos of Alcoba^a, near to where we now 
see the town of Pedenieira, on the eastern side of which :liere 
rises, in the midst of certain sands, a hill of rock and linn land, 
somewhat prolonged from north to south, so lofty and well 
proportiMied that it seemeth miraculously placed in that rdte, 
being sorroonded on all sides with plains covered with sand. 
withoat height or rock to which it appears comiected. And 



fcrajinupli 



I them 



or theiToF drnwB to (I the nye* of w 



t work of iintnre, the kin); n 
dsiircd to uceiid the beiglit of it, to Me whetbur it would 
■flbnl ti pliu» (ot tliem iu which lo pau thoir livet Thay 
fcund there u lillle hennil«p with ■ hnty rruciHx, ami uo 
other alKiu ot mnn, enve onlf a plutn tomb, without writing or 
■plMph to ileclwe whow it might be. The tiiuitlon of the 
place, wliieli, uveixling to ii iMlnble liaight, givei i proapaet 
bjrioi andbxiond nsfnriu llie«yes can reiuOi, mid tli« iticlilaii 
*I{^1 of (he enicifiic, eniitod in the mind of the king niah ai- 
eitemsnt and «o great coniolnthm, that, onibncliig ihe foot of 
the eroH, In lay thera multlng awn; In liven of leun, — tiot 
now of grief fur the kingdom* aiul dominloDs which he hnd 
hNt, Imt of conaolation In •ealngtbnl in exohimge the eruoifled 
J«nu blnueir bad hi thli Mlitnrv mountalu offered hlmulf to 
him, ill whoM MtDpnny be reulved to piua the miMiiiilcr of 
bii life; nud Ihti ha dcciured to l)io niniik, who to eonlBrit him, 
and alto because he lair that (he place wu convenient fbr 
«ani*mplBtlon, iirpnred the king*! resolTe, and abods there 
with bim some daye; during which, perceiving Kime inttoit- 
miience in living upon the aummlt ur the moniiialn, frtial 
whence it wa» necnuHrrtodwcendwith moch labor, whenever 
thejr would drink, or seek for herbt and frnita fiir their fbod; 
■nd moreover, undentaodlng (hat It wai the king"! detira 
to remain there nlotn, tbal he might vent btrnMlf in lean and 
esclumationi, which be made oneiitiaiua before the image oT 
Chrint, he went, with Iji> eoiuent, tn a place a little more Ihia 
■ mile frem the moontn in, which, being on the one aide ■moolh 
and of enaj approach, baogi an the other over the ki with ao 
huge a pmi^ipiee that it i« two hundred faliioma In imrpendlen- 
l»r height, from tlia top of the rock Iu tha water. TheK, b«> 
Iwean two great rooks, each of wlildi proJMta o>gr tbe tea, 
hanging loapeDikd from tbe height io mob a form that ihej 
aeein to threaten deatniettoii lo him who aaes tham Ttom tbe 
bench, Binnano Tound a Utile cave, made iialumllf In llie dlff, 
whlrh be rnlnrgrd with lonia wall* of b>OM itone, huilt up 
with hli own hamlt; end, havlnc thosmaile aaoitofheimilafa, 
be pimied therein Ilia iiatga ol the Virgin Uarv of Naiareth, 
which he had brought IVom 111* Csulinenn convent, atid whfchi 



NOTES TO RODERICK. 297 

bang small and of a daik color, with the infant Jesus in its 
■nos, bath in the countenance a certain perfection, with a 
modesty so remarkable, that at first sight it presents something 
miraculous; and haying been known and venerated so great a 
nunber of years, during many of which it was in a place which 
did not protect it from the injuries of weather, it hath never 
been painted, neither hath it been found neccssar}* to renew it. 
The situation of this hermitage was, and is now, within sight 
of the mountain where the king dwelt; and, though the me- 
m<Nrials from whence I am deriving the circumstances of these 
cyents do not specify it, it is to be believed that they often saw 
each other, and held such divine communion as their mode of 
life and tho holiness of the place required; especially consider- 
ing the great temptations of the Devil which the king suffered 
at the beginning of his penitence, for which the counsels and 
instructions of the monk would be necessary, and the aid of 
his prayers, and the presence of the relics of St. Bartholomew, 
which miraculously saved him many times from various illu- 
aicHit of the enemy. And in these our days there are seen upon 
the top of the mountain, in the living rock, certain human foot- 
steps, and othersof a different funn, which tho cuniuion people, 
without knowing the person, afiirm to be the lootstei^s of St. 
Bartholomew and the Devil, who was there dot'oated and his 
iUnsions confounded by the saint, coming in aid of a devout 
man who called upon him in the force of his tribulation. This 
must have been the king (though the common people know it 
not), whom the saint thus visibly aided; and he chose, that, for 
a memorial of this aid, and of the power which God has given 
him over the evil spirits, these marks should remain impressed 
apon the living rock. And tho ancient name of the mountain 
being Seano, it was changed into that of the apostle, and is 
called at present St. Bartholomew's: and the hvnnitage which 
remains upon the top of it is under the invi>cation of the same 
saint and of St. Bras, which must have arisen from the relics 
of these two saints that Romano brought with him, and left 
with the king for his consolation when ho withdrew with the 
fmage of Our Lady to the place of which we have spoken, 
where he lived little more than a year; and then, knowing the 
of his death, he communicated it to the king, beseeching 



EtOUTBbt A f OEUS. 



him thai, ill requlul tat Um luve wlih nliicli lu> 1 
p«lli»d bid), lie would ranvmbitr tu pniy In God far hj* i 



i wanld give bi> b 



Ui« lortli, b 
o dopul froiD llia( Imil, ba w 



uuJ [)>« relioi 

ibould dispotg tliom li«rons he died. Wllta Hint, RomiiiKKt*- 
putcil to erijoj' tlie rennrd deioired by bii bibon, leavtlig tba 
kiug vritli fresb uacntion of griar Tor wiiiit or w good a com- 
punlDiii Of whiil more paned bi ibi* jibwo, (iiil oC itw unip- 
Utlimi and itibulutians which hi endarwl till tin oud uF hia 
Ul^ Ihera )* ao nuthentio biilorian nor monutriul wbicb ilioiild 
oertlfy Ihanii more tluin loaie relatiam mingled «iUi bbutnus 
IbIw in Uie inuletil ' Cbrooicle of King Dun Budrieii,' where, 
nmaiig the tntthi wbkli nre tnken IVom the Moor Dull, Ihtr* 
lire nunjr (blags noloriou^l)' impouiblei lucb lu the jovniajr 
whiuh tlia king look, bEing gujilsd by a wblto ubiiul till be 
oune near VUeo, and the penuice In wbicb ha aiulad hit lift 
tlicre, ondoBlng lilnuelf aliva in a oigrMlii tomb with a lerpeiit 
whlob ho luul bred (br Ibat purpose. Dul, ei Ib»e ars IblDgi 
dllBiruU 10 ballave, we will |«ai them ov«r In lUmca, bMvli 
(0 the juilgmtDt uf Uie curloui Ibe ersdil which en 
ploturo doseivoi, still oxiatlng twnr Vlsco, In tb« ebi 
St. Hichul, over the tomb of tlia ubl King Dou Sodi 
whieb is seen a serpent pklntttd with two hcaili 
lonih itself, wbloh 1* of wronitht elone, ■ round bule, 
whleh tbey uiy Ibat the sniike cnwrod. That which is oeitalH 
of nil dils ii, nt our biilortiuie reiste, that tlio king came to 
tbls plana, ami In the benniiNge of St. Michial, which we now 
eee near Viseo, ended his dnys in groat penance, no mm 
koowbig the manner ibuvofj neitber was ih«r« any a(b«r 
memorlnl dearer than Ibut In prui:c» ^ir time a writing srM 
band opon s certain bmib in tbli cliurrb wilh IbeM wonli, — 
H]0 UKQviuciT KuuKMoUB, ULTUitta Kex GonioMim, 
'Hero r09» R>MlBrlok,lba laM King of the Uotbs,' I rtmember 
to huY* Men these very words wrltUn in hlauk u|>au on an^ 
ef the wull, which ii ovvr lli" tiimb uf Iha kinx. alUiough lb* 
Aiohblshup Don Kodrleo. nnd iJiey wlio follow hitn, ~ 

loniter ksciption, not obsorvlnfr Ihal atl which he b«» 
an lilt awn eunes anil iinpncKtlaui upon Count Don 



■a things 
■■■^'* 

iw<*J|^H 



NOTES TO RODERICK. 299 

{fa Ambrosio de Morales hns properly remarked, following the 
Bishop of Salamanca and others), and not parts of the same 
inscription, as they make them. The chuixh in which is the 
tomb of the king is at present ver\' small, and of great anti- 
quity, especially the first chapel, joined to which on either side 
IS a cell of the same length, buf narrow, and dark al<«o, having 
no more light than what enters through a little window open- 
ing to the east. In one of these cells (that which is on the 
south side) it is said that a certain hermit dwelt, by whose 
adrice the king governed himself in the course of his penance; 
and at this time his grave is shown close to the wa]I< of the 
chapel, on the Epistle side. In the other c^ll (which is on 
Che north) the king passKid his life, paying now, in the stniit- 
ness of that place, for the largeness of his palace*, and the 
liberties of his former life, whereby he had oncndo<l his 
Creator. And in the wall of the chapel which answers to the 
Gospel side, there remains a sort of arch, in which the tomb 
is seen, wherein are his bones; and it is devoutlv visited bv 
the natives, who believe that through his means the Lord 
does miracles there upon persons afflicted with agues and other 
like maladies. Under the said arch, in the part answering to 
it in the inside of the cell, I saw painted on the wall the her- 
mit and the king, with the serpent with two heads; and I read 
the letters which are given above, all defaced by time, and 
bearing marks of great antiquity, yet so that they could dis- 
tinctly be seen. The tomb is flat, and made of ji single stone, 
in which a man*s bodv can scarcely find room. When I saw 
it, it was open; the stone which had served to cover it not be- 
ing there, neither the bones of the king, which they told nie 
had been carried into Castile some years Iwfore, but in what 
manner they knew not, nor by whose order; noitlicr could I 
discover, by all the inquiries which I made amonj: the old 
people of that city, who had reason to he acquainted with a 
thing of so much importance, if it were a« certain as some of 
them affim-.ed it to be." — Brito: Monnnhin Lutitana^ p. iL 
L 7, c. 8. 

** The great venorableness of the itna^o of our Lady of 
Nazafetb, which the king left hidden in the very place where 
Booumo in his lifetime had placed it, and the continual miracle 



SOUTnK»3 roEMH. 



wblch xhc • 



■i fonnoriy, a 



howt." IndnoMl F. Ber- 



fl history of Lhii fmiige, wliieh, 
DO dauliC lia did llie marc wiJIinglj bcoaoso lie lieun n pan in 
ilhinueir. In tliB daji o( Aflbnia HeiiiiqiiM, (he fint king 
of Pnrlnpil, thlt pirt of the country wu govorneii t>y 1). Fnn* 
Boapinho, n koighl rnmona lifthe Porttifn>*M ahrnnirliM, wIhi 
rvilded In Iho cutle at Pono d« Moi. This Dom fnu, 
* when lia ton Uio biail Mcuro frcm encniiis, uied oflen lo p 
CM hunting among the *nnd> nnd tlilcktti bet«e«u tha loim 
anil die aaii, wliare, <n IhoM day*, there uaitil tn hr pttt Hen 
of enmei wiil eran now, tlioagli tha Ihii<] it (o pupoluoi, than 
I* ttili vntM; nntl M he (bllowad thia axarslM, llio protnr[in>- 
Umv of noble uid iplrited maa, (nd nine lomattinBi to tha 
Mfuhore, he cflme upon tbit romirkabla rock, which, being 
IbtsI nn tlie aide of the nortli, anil on * line with Ilia Sol 
oountry, otirta (owanls th« aooth in a jirecipiee oTer llie warm 
of the MX. of n pmdigiona heiglit, oaaing the granCei admlrn> 
tkw to him vho, going over the plnln oonnlry Klthout finding 
taty itreguliirily, flndi biniaalf, when leait expnting it, muI- 
danly on lh« tummil of aach a height. Anil, lu he wai cori- 
atuly re^irding Ihia natural wofider, be fwrcelTad, between the 
two biggeet dlA which >tan<l oat froin Ihv gronnil and pnyeol 
OTor the act, ■ aort of bonMi buill of loore atones, which, ttont 
lu form And witiqiilty, mada him go blnwlf to oumlne lt| 
and, deacandlng by tha chisni bciwean the (wu rocka, he en- 
lernl into a |n« cnTam, *b*re, upon a little nllnr, he mw the 
Tenmibla loiigo nf Uie Virgin Mary of Naiar«lh, hriiig ef 
iDoh perfecllon and mixleaty a* ar< fonnd in wry few imigm 
of Ihat aite. The Catholia knigbt lanetDled It wilh all aab- 
miulon, and would base remored It to hit omiIb of Porta da 
Hot, to have it held in more Tenaralion, but thai be feoFad In 
othnd it if be ahoold iDore it fivm a hiilillallim vbera ii bad 
abode for hi mnny ;ears. Thi> oonaidRmtiim nuula him IraT* 
It Ibr thr prwent in the tamo place and manner In whleh ha 
Ibund it ind altboDgfa be vUted It afterwordi when In eonn* 

look in hand to impniTe Iho poor herroitiigD ii 
nnr wodUI ha Iuitb done it if (he Virgiu bad not 
a notoriont dnnger of death, whiuh, pendvonlur*. Cnd f 



KOTE8 TO RODERICK. 301 

■ittod u A panishmeaxt for his oegligenoe, aod in thif manner 
to make tbe Tiitne of the ho]j image manifest to the world. 
It was thut, that, going to his ordinarr exerci&e of Uie chase, 
in tbe month of September, in the rear of Christ 1182, and 
on tbe 14th of tbe month, being the dar on which the cliurcb 
eelebrates tbe lestiTal of the Exaltation of the Crt^p upon the 
which Christ redeemed the human race, as tlte dav ruse thick 
with ckmds, which ordinarily ariBe from tbe t»ea, and the couu- 
tnr rovnd about could not be »een bv rea*on of the cl<ni'l«>, 
■are for a little space, it befell that the dop^ put up n f^tatr (if 
indeed it were one), and Dom Fuas, prcstting his hon-e in jmr- 
■oiti without fear of any danger, l>ec:iu'>e he thougiit it wub 
■U plain ground, and the miet hindered him frx>:n seeing where 
he wa», found him!«elf ui»on the very edge of the r»x-k on the 
precipice, two hundred fathoms above the se\ at n moment 
when it was no longer in his power to tuni tlie rein^. nor 
ooQld he do any thing mure than invoke the •-uccoi> of the 
Virgin Mary, whose imnge was in that plnce; mid ^-he huc- 
eored him in such a muuiier, thut, less thun two pahns fn.im 
tbe edge of the rock, on u long and uttnxiw [K)int thvreof, the 
horse stopped as if it had been made of Moiie. tiie nmrk^ of his 
hiKifr remaining in prcKif of tlie niiracle iniprii:'*''! i:i th*- I'ving 
nick, such as at tliis day they are treen by ul] stranger- and 
persons oo pUgnmage, who go to vi^i: the iiu:i<:t;t «>f Our 
Lady; and it is a notable thing, and de-^*n'int: of kti^u- r-<»n- 
sidermtion, to see that in the midst of tlii>- ro«l;. upon which 
the mirucle happened, and on the side toward- the cu^t, :iii>i in 
a part wliere, because it is su<i>enued in the air, it i- if* pfi^Kj. 
ble that any human being could reacii, N-.iTu'^' Ikto*.*!!' liu" 
im p PB—ed a cross as if nailed lo the harun4.*v» <•! tliv hk-k, as 
though slie had sanctified tliat cliff therev i:h. aiid marked it 
with that holy sign, to be tiie theatre in wiiicli tlie niiniculous 
eircmBStanoe was to be celebrated; which, hy r«*a«oi. that it 
look place on the day of the Exaltation uf tin- f>>o^. ^^eemed 
■i if it showed tlie honor and glorx* which sii'iui : Irorn :lM-noe 
ndoiuid to the Lord who redeemed us then-'M.. l>i»ni Fuas, 
■Ming himself dcliTered fmm m* great datip-r. mim. knowing 
fim whence the grace liud come t(> iiim. v.*'mI to t:i*- little 
s, where, with that great devotiiin whicii the pn'-mnc^ 



802 



eoDTHEir'a poems. 






■ iolltilte It 



\o Our L) 



of the mlncle iMciiflniied, li 
dcomitig hitnieir before hor of liasfng iiegleolefl lo repnir llie 
honie. and promising nil the amendi which his poulbilil^r p«i^ 
Mined. Uli taaattmoa nfttrwordi uiited, (bllowiDg lh« Raok 
Of the hone, mid knowliig the tunrral whicli hn<l accDrntl, 
Ihey proitmlBd thetn«Blvfl» before th* imnf;e of Our Lndir, 
■dding with their Htonlsliment to Iha demilon of Uotu Fiu*, 
who, honriiig that th« stag bad not been Ken, uiil tbal iba 
dogt hiul round no track of liioi hi nnv pdrl, Ihongh oaw lud 
bum rflpresDuteil before him to dinw iilm nn, ondoreluod Uutt 
It wu nn lUatlon of Ilia Devil, «ceklng by ihnt Tnenni to tnake 
him poTiib [Dltemblr. All Ihete oauiideratioiii ciiliiuiced tba 
grvolnctt af tbe ratracle, Mnd llie atillgnliotui of Uiim Puu, 
who, liirrjiiiig llierB mine inyt, mxda wtirkTuiiD cnine IVom 
Lsyiia niid Porto dc Moi, to iniiks nnolhDr herinltngG, in which 
the Lnily iliould he more veoeraiedi and, at they weni danio- 
liihiug Iha 11m, Ihtiy fuDnil pUc«d bBlwseii the eIoiigs of tb* 
mltnr n lilllo box uf ivory, iktid wlihin it relics of SL Bmi, 
Sl Dnrtholomew, nnd other tninla. wiih n par«hDient, wherein 
a rebitioD wai given of how and at whnl time Iboto relic* and 
the imHga were hniught tliers, acconliiig u line beeu ii(un$»ii. 
A vnnlled ohnpel was tiiKin made, nflor h good lurm for tiaaa 
(OonaiBntiOTer Ili« very pincc when liio Ladyhii'l been; and, 
lo Iha end that It might be tenn from uU lido*, they Ian It (^n 
with four arches, wbiuli in proceu uf time wore doasd, to 
prvreDt tbo dnmnge whi«b ths n'aa nnd itonni did wilhln the 
ohnpel; and In thii manuorit remnlni inoiirdnyi. The Lady 
remuned id bar idnca, being aoon known and Tieilad by lb( 
fallhniU who Hockefi Ibere npoii (he funo of her appenraiice] 
tbe vallunt and holy king D. Aflbnio llenrii(ue<, being on* of 
the flnl wboiu Doni Fuaa advlud of wlinl had liuppeiiod, and 
he, nooompanied with tha grant peniina of lila ciinrt, and with 
III) ion, P. Sanolin, ouna to vialt Ilia (mage of the Lady, and 
ace with hi* own eyes Ibe roatka of to rnro a miracle a> thai 
«hi«b bad taksn place; and, H'llh hi* cunieiit, D. fuoa made 
a doiiallan to lbs Lnily of n carlnin qnantlly of land i«an4 
alioiii, which waa nt Ihnt lima a wild tblokal, and for the 
greater part it to cliil, being well nigh til wild lanJi incapable 
of glTiog fnill, Riid would produci iiuihinK inuro than haelli 



NOTES TO RODERICK. 303 

■nd KHnd wild pine trees. And beeauM it establifibes the 
tnith of All that I hare Mid, and relates in its own manner 
the history of the image of the Ladj, I will place it here in the 
fiorm in which I saw it in the Record Room a: Alcoba^a, 
presenrlng througitoat the Latin and the barbarism of it£ com- 
pontkxD; which is as follows: — 

** * Sob nomine Patris, nee non et ejos prolis, in onins po- 
tantia Deitatis, incipit carta donatioui^ necnon et derotioi if, 
qaam ego Fnas Rapinho tenens Purto de Mos. et temon le 
AU»ardos usque Leirenam, et Tnrres Veteref-, facie Eccleslas 
Santje Maris de Nazareth, qnje de panco tempore tur^t fno- 
data snper mare, nbi de sa^nlis autiquis- jacebat, inter lapides 
et spinas mnltas, de tota ilia terra que jac-ei iiiter flumlua qiUB 
Tenit per Aiconbax, et uquam uuucupatam de furaturics et 
diridiuir de isto modo: de ilia foz de flumiiie Alcobaz, quo- 
modo yadit per aqoas bellas, deinde inter mure et mat a de 
Patajas nsqne ; fiuir in ipK) furuturio, quam ego obtinui 
de rege Alfonso, et per suum cozi<«iiSum fucio prasseutem 
■eriem ad prsdictom Ecclesiam Beutse Muric Vii-giuis qnam 
feci snpra mare, nt in Meculis ^lerpetui'^ memoreuiur mirabilia 
Dei, et sit notnm omuibas hominibu^, quomodu a murte fuerim 
aalTatns per pietatem Dei et Beato; Morise quam vcKuiit de 
Kaxaretytali Fucesn. Cum mauercm in caftrc> Torto cc Mi:>9, 
et inde reniebam ad ocideudos veuaT(>i:, }kt Melv.-an et m:itam 
de Patayas nsqne ad mare, bupra quum iuveui furnuin. et par- 
ram domwiculam inter arbustas et Tc-|•^e^, iu quu erat una 
imago Virgiuls Maris, et venenivimus illain. c; nbivimus iii<le; 
▼eni deinde xriii kal. Octobri*, circa dictum i"»v-u!n, cum mt.jija 
obscnratioue nebulc f^parza sujier totiim t^rraui, ft iiiVt-iiiniU'* 
▼enatom, tres qnem fui in meo equo, u>q-je vi:n;iv:n nd o^Liar- 
rundadeiro snpra mare qudJ cudit uJu>o sine mcn^um ]i-mii.:« 
et paTet Tisns si cemil funinm i:»ueiite:n :ii :iqu:i>. ?:.vi e;:o 
miser peccator, et Tenit ad remembr.incaru lie im:ip:ie ibi 
posita, et magna voce dixi, SAJiiCTA Maixi yau l>(.:iedi<*ta 
sit ilia ID mnlieribns quia ineum equuin .^icut fi e>->ct jipis 
fecit stare, pedibu<^ fixi«> in lap:<]e, et entt jam T:iza:u< extra 
terram in puita de ^axo su]ier mare. I>c^v-c;i<ii Je equn, et 
veni ad locnm ubi enil imapt, et |>'."rjivi ct pr.it :a«> feci, et vo- 
iiiCMitciro» et viderunt, et luudavi.-rui:t l>eum ct Beatam 



304 



eoDTUKia ruKJis. 



JliriBm. Mln liomloet p«r LeirsaaiD «i Porto <le Uot, et per 
loca vicinu, lit Teiiirent Alvuiirsi, el faceraiil eccledsm boiia 
opera upemtniu >!• fbmioe >t inpide, et jam luuileiur Deo* 
finlta etc. Moi Vera oon Bci«bRiiini uuile «uDt, et imtlB *eiii*- 
Mt ut« iouga i hhI ecce CBdideitniebnturitllnre per Alvutics^ 
inTeDtn est urculn da ebora anliquo. et io Ula unu euTolIorio in 
quo eraul oien nllquanun uDntorotn, et cutulu cum line lo- 
•uripllnue: Hia aunt rellqnia Suiclorum Bleiii tE Uartboloiuol 
ApoiloUi quu detollt ■ Monmateria C&aliiiiuia Boidmiiu mo- 
iiiusliui, tUaui cum reaemblU iuuiglna Virginis Miiria de N>- 
unth, qujc olim In Kunreth civiute Gollilem multlr iDlncalU 
olnruorHt, i^t iiule uporljitii per Grnoum mooachum DomluB 
CjiiMum, GolluiniDi Begum tempore, ui prwdicio luoniuteriu 
per imUCUIu Icmpails muiaenil, quo luqua Uispuiila > Uinru 
dehelnti, et Rex Boderfciu ea|>eralus in [>r»l<a, lolus, lacrynui- 
bQU, Kbjeclua, et pane deflcieiu perveiiit nd ]irefuturD inoii«t- 
t«rlua) OiDlluUim, Ibiqus a pradicto Homuio pwalientlK at 
Eocbu'ialia SacrameuUi *u>aaplJs, pariter oum illu, cum ima- 
gine, BE reliquila ad Sennuin motilem jierteiieruiit 10 k*L 
Deoemb. in quo nx mIoi per aanum Integrum peruuuuit. Id 
EecleBia ibi invent* oum Chriali crucifixi imagine, et ignou 
aepulcliro. Bomanui vera cnm luc Sacra Vir( 
duo Lacu Kixa, ntqae ud Bxiremum vltB permuiiit; ei ne fnta- 
til (empcinbiu uliqueni ignonuiUft teuenl, ii«c cum 
ascria in bae eslrema orliia ptirt* recoadlmus. Deui 
uiu t. Usurorum manibua aerreC Ameu. De lus lectis 
Fretlj;terii apertis aatii miillum 
amiclla reliqulii, el de Virgiiie acl 

aemper In isEa aerie leatnmenD acrlbere fiwimua. Do igitor 
pradJctam hErediintem pro rapontlone prerula Kcolaii* oum 
paacuis, ot Nqula, da uniito in route, iiiffTBMibut cC rograisibut, 

ullquia potest bflbara per >e. He igini: 

T«l de eitruieis boc lUotum noatrum : 

quod 11 tentjivoril peobe aJ domiiiDm 

Uiioa, el cuitn niliilominua in tuo robore parmiumt, el iDfupor 

Kileat exvonitnunleaiiu et oum Jiula predilore pnnaa tuat 

damuntorum. Pacta tariea iMtamenti vi Mm Decemb. an 

ILCLXX., Ailtiiuu* foctuBBlile Res oouflim. Sauciui B«s 



rfnta- , 



NOTES TO BODERICK. 305 

eoniirm. Begina Dona Tarasia confirm. Petras Fernoiides 
r^is Sancii dapif«r confirm, lienendus Gansului ejusdem 
signifer confirm. Donas Joannes Fernandez curite regis ma- 
iordomus confirm. Donus Julianas Cancellarius regis confirm. 
Martinns Gonsalai Pretor Colimbris confirm. Petrus Omiiriz 
CapeUanas regis confirm. Menendus Abbns confirm. Tlieo- 
toiiius conf. Fernandas Naniz, testis. Egeas Nuniz, testis. 
Dii Telo, testis. Petras Nuniz, testis. Fernandas Vermundi, 
lestis. Lucianas Presbyter notavit.* 

^ This deed, which establishes all tlie principal facts tliat 1 
have related, did not take effect, because the lands of which it 
disposed were already part of the Couiot of Alcoba^u, which 
King Don Afibuso had given some years before to our father 
8L Bernard; and Dom Fuas compensated for them with cer- 
tain properties near Pombal, as is proved by another writing 
annexed to the former, but which I forbear to insert, as apper- 
taining little to the thread of my history: and, resuming the 
oonrse thereof, you must know, that the image of tlie Virgin 
Mary of Naxareth remained in tlie chnpel which Dom Fuas 
made for it till the year of Christ 1377, in tlie which. King 
Dom Fomando of Portugal founded for it the hou<«e in which 
it now is, having been enlarged and beautified by Queen Dona 
Lianor, wife of King Dom Joom II., and surrounded with 
porticoes by King Dom Manoel. And now, in our times, a 
cliapel {capela wior) of good fabric has been built, with volun- 
tary contributions and the rents of tlie brotherhood; and in 
the old hermitage founded by Dom Fuas I., with the help of 
■ome deroot persons, had another chapel opened under ground. 
in order to discover the very rock and cavern iii which the 
holy image hafi been hidden so great a number of yonrs. 
Tfunne is a descent to it by eight or ten steps; and a notable 
|ona*)lation it is to those who consider the great antiquity of 
tliat sanctcjiry. And, for that the memory of thinpr* so re- 
markable ought not to be lost, I composed an inscription briefly 
recounting the wUM-s and Dr. Buy Louren^o, wiio was then 
Frovedor of the Comarca of Leyria, and visitor of tlie said 
eharch for the king, ordered it to be engraven in marble. It 
is as follows: — 

** * Sacra Vhrgiuit Marias veneranda imago, a Monosterio 

«*OL. XX. X 



30C 






OmUiuImui props EmeiiUim, quo CuUioniai Wiapore, >. Nsxa- 
nUi tmiuUt*, mirnculis clu'aerac. Id ([eiunUi Hiapnnin clwl*. 
Aim. Uui. UCCXIin. H Komana moDBcho, comite, nt ferMr 
Dodertag lti!};<s nd liiuie cstremftm ocblt partem ntlilucitur. in 
fu duiD uaut maiiiar,' aller praficfwilur, per CCCCLXIX. 
mno* iiilor liuo kHH prsrupUi BAXa sab pano ilelitall tugnriu: 
d«inde a Fiu Uupioio, Portni Molarum dnoa, unna Uumliil 
UCLXXXll. (DC ipte in dociaUoDa icUMuc], invtnta. iluia 
liiOAuU iigibilo i<|UB Cugiicwm, Sclumqua Cant, limuiDltur iMt- 
ntn, nd nmiiiiinu)aa immimii bqjna prawipltii sunsDm, jam 
Jnm mUurui accudit, Domine Virginia iiiTotfuto. a ruina, et 
inoiti* faucibai eraptas, boo d priot dediiuit Kioalluiu; tail- 
lima a Kenlluainln Portogalia Bego, ad nujui iiliud leuaptum, 
quod t|ne a fandainBiiti* enKvrat truulflrivr. Atin. bomtol 
MCCCLXXVIl. VirgiDi ot perpctulMli, U D. K. U. D. U. ox 

" Pmm tli»e lliingt, tnkin n> htlbrully a* I pusaib()' eooli) 
^n tlie deed of pli aud l>oni history, <ie «ee cl«arl]r tlu 
((rani niitiquitj Ot Ukii Miiutuary, sine* iL ii «ig1il bnndted and 
ninaty-UirM jttn alnoa Ilia imagv i^f tlie Lidir wa* bningbt 
to tM ploM wluiie it now t«i and, altbovgh wa do not kuow 
the nuol year In wbioli it wM bnin^t [Mm Katuratb, it it 
oansin, at leiut, tlint il waa beKire Ejiig B«G«reilii, who begju 
to roign Lu the year of Chriil KM; *u liiat it i> a thoo'BDd and 
twenty-one Ttara, a little ntora or leu, afiKO it came to Spain: 
lUiil lu St oBine then, u oiiB well kiiawn, lUid calehmlad tow 
nicsolea iu tile parts of tha Gut, il IW15 veil b« utidertlonl lluU 
thli !• 0110 of tha mott (hmouB and andent Inu^ 
t» the tirou of the aposUiu, that the world at pnnoDt pi 
int9''*^B*-iloi Hayitthiit jMnlamt^ p, 2, L Til. c 4. 

Tills lefiend oaniiot liare boon InTeoled helbra E 
reign 1 for Uiiarta Galanun inyi iiotlilii^ of it la liia " CI 
cle of Aflimiiii Henriijnsi," tliough he relalM Die ezpln)!! and 
■Wth iif D- Fniu Bonpinbo. I bellere there In no ■iiIIh 
nullwriiy for it thnn Bemanio d« Utito hinuctf. It u one of 
man)- article* of the wuoa kind from the gnat maiiDfiielui; 
of Aleolni^i. eod ii at thia day aa Bnnly liellenKJ liy the peo- 
ple of PtinuEitl nt any nrtlele of the ClirhdiHii (aitU. Bow 
Indeed, tbould Ihcy bll to btlieve ilV I Iwve it {irint — It i* 



XOTB8 TO RODKRICK. ^7 

ooe of the most popnlw dttwotiooal prints in Portugal — vhich 
fepreMDts tbe minrte. The dhibfttical stag is flying down Um 
ptecspioe, and looking back with a wicked turn of the head, 
in hopes of feeing Dom Fuas follow him ; the hon^ is raaring 
«p with his hind feet upon the b:uik of the p>recipice; the 
knight has dropped his hunting-«pear, his cocketi hat is falling 
behind him, and an exclamation to the Virgiu is coming out 
of his mouth; the Vix^gin with a crown U{>on her head, and 
tibe Biibe, with a crown upon his, at her breast, appear in the 
tkj amidst clouds of glory. " N. S. de Nazar^ ** is written 
abore this |necious print, and this more precious information 
below it, — ** 0. Emo. Snr. Canieal Patriarcha couccile 50 dias 
de Indnlga. 4 qm. rezar huma have Ma. diante desta Imaj^e.** — 
(His eminency the cardinal-patriarch grants fifty days* indul- 
gence to whosoever shall say an Ave-Maria before this image.) 
The print is included, and plenty of Ave-Marias are said be- 
lore it in full faith; for this JVosta Senhora de Nazat-g is in high 
Yogue. Before the French invasion, this famons image used 
mnnually to be escorted by the court to Cape Espichel. In 
1796, 1 happened to be upon the Tagus at the time of her em- 
barkation at Belem. She was carried in a sort of sedan-chair, 
of which the fashion resembled that of the lord-mayor's coach. 
A processional gun-boat preceded the image and the court; 
and I was literally caught in a shower of rockets, if any of 
which had fallen upon the heretical heads of me and my com- 
panion, it would not improbably have been considered as a 
new miracle wrought by the wonder-working Senhora. 

In July, 1808, the French, under General Thoini^res, robbed 
this church of Our Lady of Nazareth. Their booty, in jewels 
and plate, was estimated at more than two hundred thousand 
cmzados. Jose Accursio das Neves, the Portuguc<io historian 
of those disastrous times, expresses his surprise that no means 
should have been tanen by those who had the care of the!*e 
treasures, for securing them in time. Care, however, seems to 
have been taken of the Great Diana of the Temple ; for, though 
it is stated that they destroyed or injured several images, no 
mention is made of any insult or damage having been oticred 
to this. They sacked the town, and set fire to it; but it es. 
wped with the loss of only thirteen or fourteen houses. The 



808 aouTHETS roKwfl, 

mburb «r village, on tlie b«Bali, wu loiiroriimmU: than, only 
IbarbouK* Drinoio UinD llirae Imndrail reiDalnail utmiuramftd ; 
rimI nil llie bO]its unci flsIilng-iiBti were duCroj-ud. — IhMoria 



^iriartiiig hu hnnh cmd ^ftmg isp ka f«ct, &e. — 1. ji. 2t.* 

My friend Wnlter Scott's "Vi»iou nf Don Bodericl 
pHoi > linKalur coatraM to tfae plcrura wbicli l> npresi 
Ihls inwngii- I hitve grent plewnire In quoting tlie i 
if tha conlrut hnd been intenlionul, it could not bive be wi 
more eompleie. 

''But, tu wllhln. Tol^o'i pnlil* Init 

TIh illrvr Unip ■ ALAiJ liotn Ksnt, 

So lODB Ui4l ml tfoaloHloti klttiiuailnit' 
FU Rodirkk Uld oT Dwnj' ■ bidden thing. 



Wu *bftdi>wcd bf hii tend *nd invitl*^ 

Whll« or bli blddng Kul «■• (Jni b> U>U. 

Pmid Atarie'i rl. 



Th!« pHrt of the rtmy It ibm niikei!!y MattA by Dr. i 
ta Sjlvii Mi»«iraiilu», in ■ long niimitila pn«ra trViy 
Itip, "A Destrulfiini de Etponlia, Restmiinfiini Sunimari»a 



NOTES TO RODERICK. 809 

D» iMni^M flstevtt •! Bej ham dia intdro 

Na IgnO*K ehorando aeus peceados : 
Hum Moose Teo alll por demdeiro 

A conhecer qaem era, ouTindo ob bradot 
Qua o di0lkr(^o Rey aos area dara, 
Efte MoDge Romano se ehamaTa. 

Pwgantoalhe qnem era, e donde rinha, 

Por Ter no pobre tnje gram portento; 
Kl Rey Ihe respondeo como cooTinha 

Sem declarar sea posto, ou sea intento; 
Pedialbe conflasamf e o Mong« asinha 

Uia eoncedeo e o Santo Sacramento 
Era for^ que el Rey na conflBsam 
Lhe decIaraMe o posto e a tencam. 

Como entendeo o bom Reli^^oeo 
Qae aqoelle era sea Rey que por estranhas 

Terras andara roto e lacrlmooo, 
101 ays tiroa das intimas entranhas : 

Lan^oselhe aos pes, e com piedoao 
Afteto o indnda e varlas manhas, 

qainsse tambem lerar consign 

Por socio no desterro e no perlgo." — P. 278. 



7>« Jaurth week of their painful pUgnmage. — I. p. 2&. 

** Dias Tinte e sete na passagem 

Gastamm, desrlandosse do hamano 
Trato. e maos encontros que este muiido 
Tru sempre a qoem basca o bem profando." 

Destrui^am de Rtpanka^ p. 379l 



Some new aueterity^ unheard of yet 
Jn SjpHan feldt of glory or ihe sande 
Of hoKeet EgypL — II. p. 81. 

Egypt has been, from the earliest ages, the theatre of the 
most abject and absurd superstitions; and yerv little benefit 
was produced by a conyersion which exchanged crocodiles 
and monkeys for monks and mountebanks. Tho first monaa- 
tary is said to have been established in that country by Sl 



810 



SOUTH el's POEMS, 



Anlh0D7 Uie Urent, (ownnU Uw close ot the third MoRirr. 
" He who reiUin lolituds," udd theii^nt, " »i»eil from time 
EiundidU, — rnm the arnr or bearitig, vid or ipeecli, mill of 
ligbt) and hi hu only to umlnlniii IhB atraggle ngiiiiiit hU 
owa heart." — Aila Samiarwit, t. U. p. 1(1. Indolence iru 
not the only virtue which he ind liis dliciplea Introduced Into 
th« cBtnlogue of Chriatliiii perfe«tlon>. S, £ofmxln entered k 
convent caa>i*ling or n hundred Dud thirty nuni, oat one of 
whom hoiUTCrwulied her feel: the rerr mention nf the tiMb 
wu sn sliotninvUiin to Ihvnt. — Jria Simrlimat, Miirch U> 
St. Unciiriui hid nwoanoed moit of the deecncieii of life; 
tint ho relumed oae dty to bit muvodI, bmnl>I<d nod mortl- 
Sod, exoUiimIng, "1 uu DOt yet > monk, bul I have wen 
iiicMiltn! " Tor he had met twoofch^e wretcbet ttiiik nuked. — 
Aclu dlBcfonm, I. p. lOT. 

The jirinoiplea which theio mmimen attabXihed were, thnt 
every indalgenoe !■ tinfnti that whatever If gmUfying to the 
body mnet b« IqjoriDnt to the loul ; tbot in proponion u nuui 
inflict* lonneiiU upon hiiiiie]f,he pleiu«> bi«Cni«tori ibaltbo 
del of DatDln] alFectlon wean the heut fnim Qodj uul that 
every todol dul7 moit be *buidoned by him who woold be 
perliMt. The doctrine of two principle* hu! never produced 
tnob priBticDj eviU In any other lyitcm aa In the Bomiah. 
Manet, mdeed, nttribulei all evil to the equal power of the 
Efil Principle (thnt power belni; oolj for a time}i bnt lonu 
of the ooTTupted foniu oT Cliristlanily uitually eiclorie a 
good one! 

Thete !■ n curian* pu»uge in Iho " B 
of Auennuui, In which the deaerU are tiippotod t 
been originally luteiidad for the ute of theie lainti, ci 
•■ling Cir their Werility by llie ahnndnnl crop ofririuei 
they wen tn produoe. " In llll rero toll vnidlnle, qtio 
■ Km tipla qnaqnavenni laiiuiroa pniundllur. nan 
Don domicilii!, uon agri, non nrborei, 
(brB; non iBRien banc ten* partem (ul Eucherli ti 
Inotilem. el inhonnniliin dlmlilE Deua, quutn in pr4m< 
remin omnia in laplentlfc fWcerel, el linfcala queqne I 
nalbiu apta diitlngneret; »d ouiicta non roagli prsHntli 
•ugniBoeiitlft, quam fuliirl pmwietitifc creaii', venlurl*, 111 



JK 7TI 



aouTnKrs i 



eit whole Mono UitfJ- are like mon out of Uieir wnj! 1« 
cm lD!ih on never xt (lat, iliey nre not nl nil tlie nearer la 
elr Jonrney'a end; uiit, bowioaTor Ihoy deC*Wa thcniMlTW 
rd oUien, they mnir ui well expect (o bring a eart a> ■ M«l 



WbUA *mr from the hair icl,at to At ffrom 

She fillMB-i her dear lord Tktudqfr*d 

Itvilla IriU aiiifc. — It. p. S2. 
- Vide iiiiper Ipw In Hlspiinlle conetitulls et idniinitu* tnni 
antiquum hunc tnorent, ab Hiipanis edliae oninibae Dbmrmi ; 
uoTtuft quippe uxore mnritnt, mortuo martlo conjai, morlllli 
illiU patree, mottuli pstribna Stii, defnnctU quiboslibot aagaar- 
a* cognori, oxllnctlt qBoilIibet cii«a niDieit amlci, atatim uuu 
depmnnl, cerieiu Veitei, pecegrmamm peilimn Hpnln* alyt- 
oinct, tolamqne penitni mnlti colorecn, no pretinum hiibitun 
■bdicanlet, nigrw twtitm viliboMine mdumentu le cmlegntit. 
Ke orlnibua propriii tie jumenioniin nionua eauillB deeann- 
Ha, wqno el ipinatroproniu colore deDigrint. Tnliboiluami 
dolorbive ln«lgnll>a«, tublmcla* eburudmot doBciit, el inUpl 
•d minus spallum anTii. in bili mairvre pabticn luge een w 
niaiil." — Ptiri VnerablSt fyi^. >/w>l«/ in IV/xj, t. vi 



Her tytUit huiiimd. — II. p. 3S. 
Wlliza pnt out Ihn eyea nf Theodofrad. — " liihiiMlitu 
pun la monarebla," ta.v) Fonnru. Thii icai the cm 
mode or IceapanlUUng ■ rlial fiir Uie Uirooe. 
" Un Canda le UdlliU qua fatn n 



The blilBrjr at Eump< during ilia dark agn nboiindi Willi 
»attip1et of trafvMuM, lu ll wu called by iboie writen wbo 



KOTES TO RODERICK. did 

videaTored, towmrds the middle of the seveoteenth century, to 
introduce the style-omate into our prose after it had been 
banished finom poetry. In the East, the practice is still con- 
tinned. When Alboquerque took possession of Omiuz, he sent 
to Portugal fifteen of its former kings, whom he found there, 
each of whom, in his turn, had been deposed and blinded ! 

In the semi-barbarous stage of society, any kind of per- 
tonal blemish seems to have been considered as disqualifying 
a prince from the succession, like the law of the Xazarenes. 
Yorwerth, the son of Owen Gwynedh, was set aside in Wales 
because of his broken nose; Count OlibH, in Barcelona, be- 
caose he could never speak till he had stamped with his foot 
three times like a goaL " Aqucj^t Oliba frnrc del Conte en Grifa 
no era a dret de sos membras. Cur lo dit Oliba james no podia 
parlar, si primer no donas colps ab lo pcu en terra quart o sine 
▼eg^es,axi comsi fos cabra; e per aquesta niho li fou imposat 
lo nom, dient li Olibra Cabreta, e per aquest accident lo dit 
(Hiba perde la successio del frnre en lo Corotat de Barcelona, e 
ftm. donat lo dit Comtat o en Borrell, Comte de Urgell, qui era 
too eoain genua." — Pere TomUh. c. xxviii. fif. 20. 

In the treaty between our Henry V. and Charles VI. of 
France, by which Henr}' was appointed King of France after 
Charles's decease, it was decreed that the French should ** swear 
to become liege men and vassals to our said son King Henry, and 
obey him as the true King of France, nnd without any oppo- 
sition or dispute shall receive him as such, and never pay obe- 
dience to any other as king or regent of Fmnce, but to our 
said son King Henry, unless our said son should lose life or 
Umby or be attacked by a mortal disease, or suffer diminution in 
person, state, honor,* or goods/* 

Lope de Vega alludes to the blindness of Theodofred in his 
** Jemsalen Conquistada: ** — 

** CriavaM con otru bellas damas 
Florinda bella,^— 
Esta miro Rodrlgo detdichado, 
Ay d c(»no ro padre fuera ciego! 



• JohMs's MoQStreliet, vol. v. p. 190. 




beineiiMd It 



K nunnrknbld in 
tlia i und Iha v an indiscrimltislely otrd by t> 
OCOUn hm in the orijrinnl edUion. Tfaa w not 
tlml liiiigiiiijin, U woali] uatnrnlly be reprBKiilsd by mi arnj 
bare, Uia priuler, niing mm milncltlly bi* lypagmpbleol 
lleciiM, liiu Rtnila the word VUliia. 

" The Siinnlimh," uys Ihiit late worlliy Jo. Swiiironi, lOina 
time fallow of MHplnlsne Culle(;r, In Oxfunl (Id bia SpnnUb 
Orammar, IWi), " Jo wltb a kiiid of vtnnlonneu M ooDlbDiid 
Ibe lounit of b witb a, that It is harti lo determine when and In 
what nenb it ihould retain ita own power of a labial letiar, 
irhlob gave Jiul caaa* of lan^hler al that Spanianl wbo, being 
In eonnnatian niih a Fraiioh buly, a 
ber ofailUren fur fair, lald unto ber, neiug the Sptmltb UbA 
Id prmaancing the Franoh. — 
•olbne,' — telllti;{ her that (he had oalrca to her ohIblr«a,d 
atead of enying ■ beanx euraiu,' fnir childrtn. Nelilier a 
»ellJu.tifyhiin«ho 



csAlmif4Kmlk. — lU.p,tS. 

The Romna Conirabrica stood about Ivrn league* finw t 
proMiiC Coimbm, Da the lite uf Coi]deyxa Vetha. 
IQng of Iho Alaoea, won It Cniiii the Sucre*, Mil, In iFrenga 
G>r ill obitinale reiilitance, diapoopldl it,iii>iluDg all lie inlui- 
bitauti, wichoat dtitlnetlaD ot penona, worlt at the fotmdatloa 
of OoLinbrn, when it new Mnnd*. Ueimeoeiito, tlie king of 
the Snevu, attaclied him while tboi emploj'ed, but wu de- 
hatod atrd purtued lo the Donm; peaue wa* then made, and 
BiDdMnrula,dnughteivr the conqaered, gfren in mnrrlagatt 



NOTES TO RODERICK. 315 

tfa« conqueror. In memory of the pacification thus ofiected, 
Ataces bore upon his banners a damsel in a tower, with a 
dragon vert on one side, and a lion rouge on the other, the 
bearings of himself and his marriage-father; and this device, 
being sculptured upon the towers of Goimbra, still remains as 
the city arms. Two letters of Arisbert, bishop of Porto, to 
Samerius, archdeacon of Braga, which are preserved at Alco- 
bo^a, relate these events as the news of the day, — that is, if 
the authority of Alcobu^on records, and of Bernardo de Brito, 
can be admitted. — Jfon. Lu$. 26, 3. 

Ataoes was an Arian, and therefore made the Catholic 
bishops and priests work at his new city; but his queen con- 
verted him. 



Mumadona, — III. p. 89. 

Uasper Estate has shown that this is the name of the found- 
ress of Guimaraens, and that it is not, as some writers had 
supposed, erroneously thus written, because the words Muma 
and Dona followed each other in the deeds of gift wherein it 
is preserved; the name being frequently found witli its title 
affixed thus, — Dma Mumadna. 



The banks 
Of Iavhcl^ through tchuse groves^ in afttr-ytan^ 
M<mmful yet sweety Dioyo's amui'ous lute 
ProUmged its tuneful echoes. — III. p. 41. 

Diogo Bemardes, one of the best of the Portuguese poets, 
was bom on the banks of the Lima, and pns;«ionatGly fond of 
its scenery. Some of his sonnets will bear comparison with 
the best poems of their kind. There is a charge or^)lagiari8m 
against him for having printed several of Cnmocns*s sonnets 
as his own. To obniin any proofs upon this subject would be 
▼ery difficult. This, however, is certain, that his own undis- 
puted pro<iuctions resemble them so closely in unnllected ten- 
derness and in sweetness of diction, that the wiiolc :ipi)ear like 
the works of one author. 



316 soiithet's roEUS. 

AKTiii ilfl/ it turn bm OKI bUi toinfr 

F^>r aU in kMlanU. — III. p. 4*. 

The prwoiil OrciiH. The Moon enlirely ilestmje 

populfiTit a»qu> ml Mlnm," are tbe wordi of one 

brior clirutiiclm. tn 832, AlontO «1 Ciuto roaiid <1 too eai» 

plalal? rnlti»il to be reslorert. — H^iHn Buj/raila, xvli. p, M 



ITAiVA »ii«/B/ f nHhaiw in til teat 
Rtarid Id SI. /^clii-, tm Vifmia't kmit. 

IV. p. W. 
or thi* mint, ind the cnriou intlilDliona «hi*h be (b 
■nd the Innnlirnl Inet of connti^ in wbtoh llie/ i>m piM 
I Irnrfl gifcii »o nccnunt in the tUnl ediHnii nf " Leitere Q 
SftSn Nii'l I'ortugiil," toI. i. p. lOS. 



Aufim ........ ■iHfij/fi'rii//y 

JW kt Imcard Uir ottnn trml Ut kwii. 
And, taking from hit firl lii dtH of ^Im, 
TWr tiip, and hoiiird lait tliniagk r<m imbisifla 
To tui Jin- Jrttdam. — IV. p. 6R. 

Tliffi talr, which i» r»p»>iteil by Bledii, nun on n 
■QthnrllT thnn thni of Abnlfnolm,* which miii', how«Ta}V 
BdmUWri to fnr lu to show that it wa* t pr«*iUent nplnioa 
hi* time. 

Aiiloiiia OnlTim, In his " TnUilo dot D*>enbr1n 
Ugi» <i Modn'n'H," nlntea > cnrrmit iml tnnnirHUr Ihbti 
•tOTf , whiv.h luu bssn happened to tnfsr lo Snaum, « 
cwDpiuilonB of hi* emlgrntioa. " They »ay," ho inyv " thai 
«t tbi* timo, A. D. l«tT, b Vorutgatta ulilp, ulUnit 'mi of lh« 
Smits of GtbraUnr, waa oirrlAd hy a ilnrm innirh Unhm l» 
tbi weal tliui iihD )ia>l intenilej, briI onmo In nn 1> 
there «eie ■even citim, unci wlivre oar liingun|;i w 



NOTES TO RODERICK. 317 

mod the people asked whether the Moors still occupied Spain, 
finom wlience they had fled after the loss of King Don Rodrigo. 
The contramaster of the ship said, that he brought away a 
little sand from the island, and sold it to a goldsmith in Lisbon, 
who extracted from it a good quantity of gold. It is said that 
the Infante D. Pedro, who governed at that time, ordered these 
things to be written in the * Casa do Tombo.* And some will 
have it that these lands and islands at which the Portuguese 
touched, were those which are now called the Antilhas and 
New Spain/' — p. 24. 

This Antilia, or Island of the Seven Cities, is laid down 
in Martin Behaim^s map. The story was soon improved by 
giving seven bishops to the seven cities; and Gnlvnm has been 
accused by Homius of having invented it to give his country- 
men the honor of having discovered the West Indies! Now, 
it is evident that Antonio Galvnm rehites the story as if he 
did not believe it, — coti/aw, they relate; and diz, it is said; 
never affirming the fact, nor making any inference from it, 
but merely stating it as a report; and it is certain, which 
perhaps Homius did not know, that there never lived a man 
of purer integrity than Antonio Galvam ; a man whose history 
is disgraceful, not to his country, but to the government under 
which he lived, and whose uniform and unsullied virtue en- 
titles him to rank among the best men that have ever done 
honor to human nature. 

The writers who repeat this storj' of the Seven Islands and 
their bishops have also been pleased to find traces of Sacaru 
in the new world, for which the imaginary resemblances to 
Christianity which were found in Yucatan and other places, 
serve them as proofs. — Gregorio Garcia: Ori</tn ih las IndoSj 
1. iv. c. 20. 

The work of Abulcacim, in which the story first appears, 
has been roundly asserted to be the forgery of the tninslator, 
Minguel dc Luna. The Portuguese academician, Contador de 
Argote, speaking of this romantic history, acquits him of the 
fraud, which has with little reflection been laid to his charge. 
* Pedra^a," he says, " in the * Grandezas de Gnuiada,' and Ro- 
drigo Caro, in the * Grandetas de Scvilla,' both aflirm that the 
vigiiial Arabic exists in the Escunal ; and Kscolano assert«> th^ 



Mine, ulUiough Nioholiu Antonio u;b IIiU Ibe ■ 
lliBt lihmry do not miik* meiilioti of bbj inch book. If L 
had forged II, it would uol bnve bnil mnny of Uime lili 
whlob nra obwrrod in Itj nor i» tUen any reiuoii for imi 
iDcli a fnrnd lo LunK, > nuu well nkillcd In Ambie, i 
gnod ttpulatioii, Whnt I inspect ij, tliril the book WM 
pmed by h Qrsnadun Moor, »nd ths reojon which Indnoi 
Ic farm thi> opruion li Ihs minulenvu witb wliich be det 
liie (NMiquast wUiob Tnrif mniiB of Oiose fivU of the kill 
of Onumdi, of the AJpnuums and llie Sierrn Nbtiu)*, pa 
out the elymolopM of Iho natnes of pliimw, sod other oil 
■iHacei^ which Kay one who resdi with •itvntlon will ol 
At Sf> the time in whieh Um compoeer of lhi« ami 
flonrUlicd, it wns certainly adar the reign of Beilael 1 
Habiu, who gorarned, and waa Lord of, Gniiadii ■ 
year 1018, aa Mannol relalo, after the Arabian writ 
the rasMiu which I have for Ihu auertion 1b, that It 
■nance of Abnlciicim the itory i> told which gava oc( 
the mid Bedeol Aben Hnbni lo aet up in Onuiada Ihut U 
vine, which r«pre«anta ■ knight upon honaboek li 
with a tpear in the right hand, and A club in Iha left, H 
theie words In Arabic, — ' Bedeel ALeii Ilabut 'fly*, U 
diiimnnnerAniinlnilRniaitbekeiill' The lignre move 
trery wind, mil veen obonl froni nne end to nnolher."- 
mi/riat de BfBgn, X. Ui, p. 130. j 

In the fiibuloua Chronicle of D. Bodrigo, Sacarui, *i ha J 
Ihoro called, l> a conipteuout personage; but the tale ' 
Bntigmtlnii wu not then current, and the antlior kill 
before the Uoon appear upon Iha atage. He aeema tti 
deaigiied him u i rapreieniatian of parfiwl generosil;. 



NOTES TO RODERICK. 319 

•beenring in his edict, that the people ought in no slight degree 
to rejoice at the repeaL It is carious that the distinction 
thoald hare existed so long; but it is found also in a law of 
Wamba't, and doubtless must have continued till both names 
were lost t<^ther in the general wreck. The vile principle 
was laid down in the laws of the Wisi-Goths, that such as the 
root is, sneh ought the branch to be, — ** gmn conf\ision es de 
linage, quando el fijo non semeya al padre, que aquelo ques 
de la raiz, deba cer en a cima ; " and upon tliis principle a law 
was made to keep the children of slaves, slaves also. 

^ Ifany men well versed in history,*' says Coutador de Ar> 
goCe (**lfemorias de Braga,** iii. 273), " think, and think rightly, 
that this was a civU war, and that the monarchy was divided 
into two factions, of which the least powerful availed itself 
of the Arabs as auxiliaries; and that these auxiliaries made 
themselves masters, and easily efifected their intent by means 
of the divisions in the country." 

^ The natives of Spain," says Joam de Bnrros, '* never bore 
nmeh lore to the Goths, who were strangers and comelings, and, 
when they came, had no right there; for the whole belonged 
to the Roman empire. It is believed that the greater part of 
those whom the Moors slew were Goths; and it is said that, on 
mat side and on the other, in the course of two years there 
were slain by the sword seven hundred thousand men. The 
Christians who escaped chose that the name of Gotlis should 
be lost; and though some Custilians complain that the race 
•hould be extinguished, saying with Don Jurgo Manrique, — 

* Pues la aangre de los Oodos 
Y el linage y Ia nobloxa 
Tan crecida. 
For quantas vias j modos 
8e same su grande alteta 
Rnectarida,* — 

I most say that I see no good foundation for this; fcr they 
were a proud nation and barbarous, and wore a long time 
heretics of the sects of Arius and Kutychius and Pelagius, and 
can be praised as nothing except as warriors, who were so 
greedy for dominion, that, wherever thoy reached, they laid 
irary thing bare like locusts; and therefore tlio emperor ceded 



52l> SOCTHET'S POE1I9. 

to them this eniuitrj. Th> people who dwelt in it bflfbr« **r* 
■ betlifr me*. nlwnys praised nnd feared ond nwpeel^d hv iba 
BumAiit, loynl auil lUthfal and tnu uid retunnntilei nod, If 
Iha Ootba Hnervmrdt w«re north; oT tatj eidmntloii, tli«7 be- 
ume to litre; lor, lu pISDla Iom Uieli bllCeraeu and impmr* 
by being plnnted nnd translated into a gnml «h1 {dm I* aiiiil 
or peocIiB), so doM B ffMd land dittnfelEa intanbitantj, and tf 
nutic niid liarbanmB iDslce lb«D polished vid YirMou. 

"The Moors Jill not >oj that thej cama npinsl (he 
tiuu, but ngaliitl Ilie Golha, nho had tuarped Spnlni 
Bppenn that to the people ortheluid It miitleredllllle w 
the; were under Golhs or Moon; or indeed It nisht tir 
tix> mucli to mj thai they prererred the Moun, not oidy »» 
OBUSB all new things and chnngos would lie pleasing, hut 
b»catue tliey were exnsperaCed against the Qotha for what 
they had done Hgnltut the Cfarliliniu (i. t. the CathoUn), and 
tir the bnd gareraroent of King Witiin." 

" YoD are not to think," says the Chronicier, " that Ci.uiit 
Poo Jnllsu and the Bishop Don Orpas came of the linrnge of 
the Golhs, hnl of the Kiirag* of the Cmsnrs; and (hcraltar* 
ihey were not pencil that llie good lineage ihiiuld be de- 
stroyed."— Cjlr. iltl K. D. Koihiy, p. L u. 213. 



" D*l gna thirlla |qi» cmMU 
te>) PslayOt uuiUil llama, 
q bl Leofftf rv>bo eqii squplU 



Tin tf-nr.lkt ^WiiMi'Fwr— V.P.W 



NOTES TO RODERICK. 321 

9, Arabum 97. Abdalaziz omnem Hispauiam per trea 
annos sab cen^uario jiiji^ pncificans, cam Hispali divitiis et 
honoram fascibos cam Begina Hispaiiifls in conjupo copalata, 
filias regam «c priucipum pellicatas, et irapruilenter distrac- 
tas jestaaret, seditione suorum facta, oratiotii iu^taiis, consilio 
Ajob,occiditar; atqoe eo Hispaniam retinente, mciise implcto, 
Alabor in regoo Hesperise per priiicipalia jii<t«u succe<iit, cui 
de morta Abdalaziz ita edicitur, ut quasi consilio Egilonis 
RegijB conjagis quondam Rudcrici regi?, quam sibi sociaborat, 
jogam Arabicom a sua cervice conaretur averterc, et regnum 
in Tosam Hiberiae sibimet retemptare.** — Ijjxina Siit/nukif 
t.TiiiS02. 

Florez relates the story iu tlie words of the old translation 
of an Arabic original imputed to Rasis. *' When Belazinf the 
son of Maza, remained for Lord of Spain, and had ordered his 
•ffEdri right well, they told him tidings of Ulaca, wlio had 
been the wife of King D. Rodrigo, that she was a right worthy 
dame, and right beautiful, and of a great lineage, and that she 
walk a native of Africa; whereupon he sent for her, and ordered 
that beasts should be given her, and much pro{)erty, and men- 
■enrants and maid-eervant% and all things that she could re- 
qoire, till she could come to him. And they brought her unto 
him; and, when he saw her, he was well plenped with her, and 
aaid, * Ulaca, tell me of thy affairs, and conceal nothing from 
ma; for thoa knowest I may do with thee according to my 
will, being my captive. And, when she heard this, it increased 
the grief whioh the had in her heart, and her som)w was such 
that she had well-nigh fallen dead to the ground: and t^he re- 
plied weeping, and said, * Haron, what wouldst 'thou know 
more of my affairs ? For doth not all the world know, that I, 
a yoang damsel, being married with King I). Rixirigo, was 
with him Lady of Spain, and dwelt in honor and in nil plea- 
aura, more than I deserved; and therefore it -wn^ (lod's will 
that they should endure it no longer? And now 1 am in dis- 
honor greater than ever was dame of such high state: for I am 
plundered, and have not a single palm of inheritance ; and I 
am a captive, and brought into bondage. I al«o have l>een 
distress of all the land that I behold. Therefore, sir, have 
fify upon my misfortunes; and, in respect of the great lineage 

VOL. I.T. Y 



> bo mine, lufTei not UihI wrong or nntenM 
inv mic I nuil, *ir, If It be vour gnce yaa 
'I'liere nrs miin I know wUo wouM uk* 



• you 



agnml 



B«lNEin (Kid tu lier, ' Be certain, tUnt, ao long u I live, yoa tliill 
DaTorga (hiin mybaute.' Anil U1b» tnid, 'Whiit iheu, lir, 
waulJ you ilo with me?' Aud Belnitia uiiil, >I will that jva 
■hould reiDBiu ill my boiue, snil ilien you tlidl be free rnna 
■U wntoliwIiMu, with niy other wives.' Awl »lie taul, > In au 
evil day wmI tram, if it !• to be true that I hnve be«n wife of 
the boiiored king uf Spnin, and nowbam to llTo in n ttnngfu'a 
house M the cMiiiGublue mid cHptivQ of arKjthnrl And I sweur 
onto God, wboM pleiunre II is to diamiiy ma thiu, that I will 
rather Mek my own dsiitb lu toon m I oHni for I will andun 
nn more iniaery, xwlag that by death I can dcnps it.' And 
when BaUxin tnw Chat ahe tbaa lamcnUil, he >al<l tu her, 
'Good dnuiB, Jiink not that we have coacubineti but, h; out 
taw, wo may have hvbd wives, It we con niainiuin Ihora, ind 
ther«roreyaa ahuU bemyfrirejllke each uriliaolheni aiiiLall 
tliitip which yimr law reqnirea thai a mill theuld di| lor hli 
w)r«, will I do Ibr you i and thererore you bn* e do oaiue io 
buneiiti and be aure 'iua I will do you muoh bouor, and will 
make all who hiTS me aerve and bonnr ynu, and you thai] ba 
mittroM nf ell in;r wirsi.' Tolhi* ihe made anawer, ami ulit, 
' Sir, offer mo no tIoIoiic* caneemiog my taw, bat lot nw II** 
at a Chritllnii.' And to thit Beloiiu was nothing loutb. and h* 
|nuil«l it, and hia miuTliige woa ixu-rormed with h« uocantlnit 
K tlio law of the Moora ; and everjr day he liked her mora, •) 
lUd her aaoh Itouor that grenlvr oould not b«, And It h ' 
thai, Ucluzin being ona day with Uloca, aha laid to h 
do mit thi[ih it ill if 1 tell you of a tiling in which yo 
act u if yoa knew the owtom.' And be aaid, * Whi 
that 1 etr?' 'Sir,' laid aht, 'bocaiue you have ni 
(at no one wat ever cunltnneil in Spun, axee|it be h 
oroini upon hi* head.' lie tald, ' 'I'hls whioh yon • 
nothiugi for wa hare it not of otir lineifn, nellber i* U 
«iutom to irear .1 rn-iwn.' She Mid, * Many goal 
'Jure why n cr-ivin it of use, and it wmilrl injur* you tU 
bat b* wall lur you; lunl, whan yon ihoulil wear 



NOTES TO BODERICK. 828 

npon yoor head, God would know yoa and others also by it* 
And she said, ' You would look fiill comely with it; and 
it would be great nobleness to you, and be right fitting; 
and you should wear in it certain stones, which will be good 
fin* you, and avail you.' And, in n short time afterwards, Bela- 
zin went to dwell at Seville, and he carried Ulaca with him ; nnd 
•he took of her gold and of her pearls and of her precious 
stones, which she had many and good, and made him the 
noblest crown that ever was seen by man, and gave it him, 
and bade him take it, and place it where it should be well 
kept; and Ulaca, as she was a woman of understanding and 
prudence, ordered her affairs as well as Beluzin, so that he 
loved her much and did great honor to her, and did many of 
those things which she desired ; so that he was well pleased 
with the Christians, and did them much good, and showed 
fiivor unto them.*' — Memorias de laa Reynas CathoUcas, 1. p. 28. 
" The issue of this was fatal to Abdalaziz. In Abulcacim's 
history, it is said that he was converted by this Christian wife, 
and for that reason put to death by his father. Others have 
supposed, that by means of her influence he was endeavoring 
to make himself King of Spain, independent of the Caliph. 
A characteristic circumstance is added. Egilona was very 
desirous to convert her husband, and, that she might at least 
obttiin from him some mark of outward respect for her images, 
made the door of the apartment in which she kept them, so 
low that he could not enter without bowing." — BUda, p. 214. 

" Deizam a Abd&Uzis, que de Bellona 

Mamara o leite, por Rector da Ilcsperia; 
Site easa co a incly ta £gilona, 

Mulher de Dom Rodrigo (o gram mberla!) 
Tomon Coroa de ooro, e a Matrona 

Lhe deu para a tomar larga materia, 
Fol notado a misera raynha 
CaauTM com hum Monro tarn asinba." 

Dettruifam de EspaHha^ p. 287> 

The character of this queen is beautifully conceived by the 
tathor of ^ Count Julian: " — 

** Beaming with virtue, inacceMible 
Stood Egilona : for her lord ahf lived 



A\X thinp lu OMil of bn, tuntlf uT n«w. 
I>oaip mid domlDlan Jtj banmCb hor IWI 
Dnikit uid Hiin-euiWid. NsHbchiiM 



Vm iby y MU*r and tentrt dtUghl. — VI. p. T«. 



eiitureJ Cu borrow 1} 



gf "CoQDt Jutiiin 



^upIl UiB Ivt cLouil uj 



H prurinca, iiul "tmrn liUU 



Or wh«i unnrllij lorli hold ■i^ll Uwn. 
Audi w\mi luidi ui itnwplof rouul lu nsua 



50TES TO RODERICK. 825 

At Wrt Mms tz *rir lin^r aad tdV «t« 



AbA THW Um iMMtile fl»aM above itt 
Sfin, with a Wtt« ukd a>«H« defishu* 



Rukmimg tn ttf main* fiar, Prim« / 
?*&« scqtirt to the S^tmumrtL — VII. p. €7. 

Tbb was a fsTorite opinkm of Garibars^ himself a Bisca- 
fsa; bat be has little better proof for it than the fact, that 
Gothic names disappeared with Roderick, and that Pclayo and 
his so cccs a o rs drew their nomenclatare from a different »ti>ck. 
He says, indeed, that ancient writings are not wanting to sup- 
pOTt his opimon. Some rude commentator has written against 
this assertion in the margin of my copy, ^ miente Gnribay ; ** 
and I am aliraid the commentator is the truer man of the two. 

There is a fabulous tale of Pelayo's birth, which, like many 
other tales of no better authority, has legends and relics to 
sopport it. The story, according tn Dr. 1). ChristoTal Lozano, 
in his history of Los Reyes Nuevos de Toledo, is this: Lux, 
nieoe to Egilona. and sister of Roderick, dwelt at Toledo, in 
the palace of King Egica. Duke Favila, her father*s brother, 
fell in knre with her, and came from his residence in Can- 
tabria to ask her in marriage, expecting to find no other obsta- 
ele than the dispensable one of consanguinity. But it so 
happened that the king was wooing Luz to become his concu- 
bine. Her refusal made him jealous, as he could not conceive 
that it proceeded from any cause except lovo for another; 
and, as his temper and power were not to be provoked without 
danger, Favila dared not openly make his suit. He and his 
mistress, therefore, met in private, and plighted their vowi 
before an image of the Virgin. The consequences H(H»n be- 
eame apparent, — the more so, because, as Dr. Lozano assures 
lis, there were at that time no fashions to conceal such things, 
** Y mas que en aquella era no se avian invontado los guardii- 
infantes." The king observed the alteration in hoi shape, and 
placed spies upon her, meaning to destroy the child, and puidsh 
^hn mother with the rigor of the law ; death by fire licing the 
ponisbmeDt for such an offence. Luz was well nwure of 



926 souTiif.r's pokhs. 

the danger. She I.iulod her OamarTn and on« atnriat 
I'hej mwla lut ark. Slia heraeli^ lu tuoii m the inGutl wu 
lM>ni, threw wMer io bis face, sjid bnptiied liim li.v tlie nimu 
of Pelsyo: a writing Kiu plnced with falm In the iirk, nqnsit 
ing llmt whoever should Snd it would breed up llin buj witt 
oarei Tor lie was of good lineagE. Honey enough wu 
Eo support him (at eif^it ]rean; uid tlie ark wis llien luiDchci 
upon the Tngiu. wliere it floated down ths ■traun all uigliE 
all day, and all the foUowiug night. Oii Ilia lecuud muniing 
il grontidod near Aloantara, and wai fotuid by Ors/eoH, *h( 
happened to be Lui'i uoole. The king'* inipiolou b«iug eoa 
Srmed by the enddeu allemtioii in the lady's nppeeraoce. In 
lued BTery ibbodb to detect her, but without avail. He e 
ordered all ohildreu to be exumined wiio had beon botn li 
around Toledo witiiin three monthe, and (UU Inquiry to bi 
made iulo the clrcumstaocei or their births. To tlia ael 
meat of later iuatoriaiiB, Ihirty-Sve llionund of that aga w«c 
fbund, and not one among them of luaplciaaa extruotioi 
The tsle prooeedt in the ordiuery torm of roauuir.a. Tb 
lady il ncooied of iaoontiuence, and tu be burnt uulwa i 
ohamplon defeat* liei' aocuaer. Faviia, of oourie, andeitak*! 
her def«iioe, and, of course, i> riotarioni. A aecond bonle Ibl 
\ain with the seme sooceu; tind fresh comhata would ba*i 
followed, if a liermit bad nut brouglit the king to ropoitBiiM 
Orafbsei in due time diuoven the aeoret, and raatorw tta) 
ohild to bia paranta. 

ThI* fabalous ohronlcla leeou to be theoldetl wrlttm mbtoi 
of thia itory; but lonie tuoh tnuliiion bad probably long beei 
Durreat. The ark waa ihowu ai Aloantar*, in Ihe onveiit ol 
SL Benito; and a detcriplloii of it, wltli roaaoo* why ite a» 
thenticity alioutd bs ailiDitled, may be found In fnuiolMM dl 
Pita't " Desorlption do Toledo," I. iii. o, I. 



Actepl tlx (.VoiBi of Tlumi ihtpmffm ne. — 
Qodfrey woi actually orowued with ibonia 



J 



MOTES TO RODKBICK. 



-AprtDB. 


nUsloa^lfintBD;, 




lh.^.h*nlsheU»d. 


Tla-luui gnat, andaed wtlh lirtuM 




ncd, TDld of mundue prld 


WuT u«,«ai, 




1tf-oa>i 


fl not, u roTiL pomp nqol 




h,wi.hrro-DctgUsr«tag 


or cold .Dd 




Bsl-iUi. 


printing, prifklngomwuo 


B«L«Dglb 




StbtHnn 





^*Hp To p«j the ptin of Duui^B <ln« poDiahmvLEr 



" Bt iih'd ef Oodftoj') gnu bDmillt/, 
BMnullic (DldaD-erawnat'i dlgnltr. 
8om<, blnndtilDg Id wDrld-vitUd hmldrr, 
■*J Hoi knoirinf ho* V dliUngulih TertuM trje, 
' Do qoeillDn niika this Chrtallm king lo mE 
Tn exalogoe of gold-diademcd kliigfl ; 
B^udlDg gtitttt of the •lUraiU Jet, 
And not true guuilh of tb' InLernal IhlD^,-^ 



In ugili sbnn coDiorUng twmt concinU 
Of lw»T(olj biimonj Tmh chrliuil i*l»i. 

A <%riMlui king, bat piiftet CluiiUiiD Ung, 
A cbrieUI bnil. limping light dlrlna 



Tb* Hnnn-M 

IkkUng tho hi 



DQDdun pompoai goUa 



lUfb-UinH 
Uf (bli In 
Not titmbi 



IDd DufidUnc Id hU Slon'i tUoip, 
Aai fiDkxuoriLilrif La ill-ndtd bHt" 



Outioaldiinj/J*ir her mkv 

Tht tl^rty *o«, and rj/irfy /or llii «nrt 

(^ dng, if/bre flu nn %■'« Aif nmrrc.— VIU, pp. B3, M. 
" Gsrci FeniunrfM llanrlija* aurjuueil tha Moon •<• onito 
daring the uicbC, tbnt he wan cnlhsd Garot MHdrugl, sn niipcUa- 
liaa of lli« uune impart na Poep-gMn^-lKif. He faandaJ Um 
DODTeal or SL SalrotJer lie Pntitcloa lie Benogel tor BenodlnUiie 
aDni, uiil, when he rnlleil up liia many ineii, uwd to Mjr, 
'Op, <]r8,BnilflghtI for m7 onni are up nud pm;>"S-' 
IBM ScSorcs & peleai'. que mit moi Ju kiii leTauUwIui k n 
— Prueiai dc la BiiL dt la Owi tit Lara, p. tS. 

Btmalild. — X. p. IDS. 
Huriuia derive* the ntme of Bormcaitidn from Uie r«v(- 
rmee In whieh Hermenejilil vat held In Spnln; > prince «Iki 
hu boen tainted for hnfiug reiiouiicAl the Bomooiiinii orced, 
utd raiaed a civil wnr agiiliiit bis fxiher in fnvor of tlio U^ 
Olooaiiau one. It ie not ■ littlo curiout, nten tbo fine at U. 
CajIiM i« reroambcred, Lbat bis lume should have beeu iiiterced 
Ut tba cnlendnr, nt tli> •oliciliitlau uf fliilip 11.1 Knrni the 
Hnui toDrce Marinna dariiea the nntnei flvnamteludn, Arnian- 
(ol, Eniiciignud, Berawi^ldQX, uid IlcmiUdet. Uoi liera, ae 
Britu hu done wllh Pelayn, he wenu to for%tt tbU the luuDe 
wiu current heron <t waa home \ij Ihv soln'. anif the dvri*^- 
liout froin il n nnmermis. lU root majr be Ihiind In IlrmiBn. 
whuH Oejuui imme will pitrall oier the Latinlxed Annt 



NOTES TO RODERICK. 329 

T%4 gkm vchere Thgvs rolls bfUceen his rocks. — X. p. 111. 

The story of the Enchanted Tower at Toledo is well known 
to every English reader. It neither accorded with the charac- 
ter of my poem to introduce the fiction, nor would it have been 
pmdent to have touched upon it after Walter ScotL The ac- 
count of the Archbishop Rodrcgo and of Abulcacim may be 
found in his notes. What follows here is translated from the 
fabulous " Chronicle of King Don Rodrigo:" — 

** And there came to him the keepers of the house which 
was in Toledo, which they called Pleai^urc with Pain, the 
Perfect Guard, the Secret of that which is to Come; and it 
was called also by another name, — the Honor of God. And 
these keepers came before the king, and said unto him, * Sire, 
since God hath done thee such good and such favor as that 
thou shouldst be king of all Spain, we come to require of thee 
that thou wouldst go to Trlcdo, and put thy lock upon the 
hoose which we are appoiute<i to keep.* And the king de- 
manded of them what house wi\» that, and wherefore he should 
put upon it his lock. And they said unto him, * Sire, we will 
willingly tell thee, that thou mayst know. Sire, true it is, 
that, when Hercules the Strong came into Spain, he made in 
it many marvellous things in those places where he under- 
stood that they might best remain; and thus, when he was 
in Toledo, he understood well that that city would be one of 
the best in Spain, and saw that the kings who should be 
Lords of Spain would have more pleasure to continue dwelling 
therein than in any other part; and seeing that things would 
come after many ways, some contrariwise to others, it pleased 
him to leave many enchantments made, to the end that after 
his death his power and wisdom might by them be known. 
And he made in Toledo a house, after the manner which we 
shall now describe, with great mastership, so that we have not 
heard tell of any other such. The which is made after this 
guise: There are four lions of metal under the foundation of 
this house; and so large are they, that a man sitting upon 
a great horse on the one side, and another in like manner 
open the other, cannot see each other, so large arc the lions. 
4nd the boose is upon them; azd it is entirely round, and so 



soctuky's poems. 



lefty UiRt tlier« ii not a 
itone to ih« lop, And 
DBVer DoulJ. AnJ there li 



nny bars nttsmpted thii; bat fl 



ill thcD. Cartes In tlia v/bc 



id mu-lrla, M clear and filUiittig llmt tiigjr Mem ti 



Tliey an ol 



colore llint wc do not tbiuk Ibere u 












jollied one wltb anotber, ihi 
colon, you wonld not beliove but thnt the whole house « 
mnde of one ciitiio none. And tlte atonea nn plMod In waeh 
maniMir one by uiollicr, lliat, gieelnK llicim, yon m*j know ad 
the tliinga of the Intllw Hriirv[uut, and of |^at feiitJi. And 
tUt Is not by pieluresj but the ouUtr vt the stonu, and the 
great art ot joining one wllh the other, iiuike it appaur thus. 
Ami, tan> doubl, ha who should uiili to know tlie truth of Ilia 
grenl dnoibi of urnis whjoh bars been wroaght in IJie world. 
might by meiuu ot that honw know It. gee now la what 
ouumer llcrculei wae wiM and Ifartunale and right Tallant, 
and auijuxMitiiil with tlie things which were to cnrne. And, 
when he vim Lord of Spain, he made It Alter thl( euiae w' ' 
we have reliilcd auto yon. And he commnadad that ni 
IDng nor Lord of Spain who mlglit come after hint ti 



wtUiin 






inileail should put a lock upon tlis doom thermf, even ai 
himwif didi for ha flnt put on n lock, and faaleued it with Ml 
key. And iifter him there hae been no King nor l»rd In 
Spain who has thought IE cand to g<i from his bhldin;; bat 
OTDry one, as he came, pat on each his lock, acoording le thaC__ 
which Hercules ippolnled. And now that we bare to 
the manner nt the liDuse, and that which we knew a 
lug it, we ntqulre of thee that ihon "liouldat go ihltbi 
put on thy lock oa the galea thereof, even w all III* kinp In 
done who hnvF reigned in Spain antll this time.' 
King Don Roilrign, hearing the marvellout thinp oT thi* h< 
and desli'liig 1u know what tliere wiu •rilhla, ■ 



MOTES TO RODERICK. 331 

being a man of a great heart, wished to know of nil things how 
tbmj were, and for what guise. He made answer, that no such 
lock would be put upon that house ; and that, by nil means, he 
would know what there was within. And they said unto him, 
'Sire, you will not do that which has never been done in 
Spain: be pleased, therefore, to observe that which the other 
kings have observed.* And the king said unto them, * Leave 
off now, and I will appoint the soonest that may be how I may 
go to see this house; and then I will do that which shall seem 
good.* And he would give them no other reply. And, when 
they saw that he would give them no other reply, they dared 
not persist farther; and they dispeeded themselves of him, and 
went their way. 

^ Now, it came to pass that the King Don Rodrigo called to 
mind how he had been required to put a lock upon the doors 
of the house which was in Toledo; and he resolved to cany 
into effect that unto which his heart inclined him. And one 
day he gathered together all the greatest knights of Spain, 
who were there with him, and went to see this house; and he 
saw that it was more marvellous than those who were its keep- 
ers had told him. And, as he was thus beholding it, he said, 
' Friends, I will by all means see what there is in this house 
which Hercules made.* And when the great lords who were 
with him heard this, they began to say unto him that he ought 
not to do this; for there was no reason w)iv he should do that 
which never king nor Ciesar, that had been Lord of Spain 
since Hercules, had done until that time. And the king said 
unto them, * Friends, in this house there is nothing but what 
may be seen. I am well sure that the enchantments cannot 
hinder me; and, this being so, I have nothing to fear.* And 
the knights said, * Do that, sir, which you think good; but this 
is not done by our counsel.* And, when he saw that they were 
all of a different accord from that which he wished to do, he 
said, 'Now gainsay me as you will; for, let wiiat will hapi)en, 
I shall not forbear to do my pleasure.* And forthwith he went 
to the doors, and ordered all the locks to bo opened. And this 
was a great labor; for so many were the keys and the locks, 
that, if they had not seen it, it would have been a great thing 
to beliere. And, aOer they were unlocked, the king pushed 



332 



southet's poems. 



Iha dcxir with Ills hsntli aad he went in, soil tha chief peiinni 
who were Uiera wiUi him, ni muiy u he plvnied. And tbejr 
bund ■ boll mnda lii n iqunri), bslog u nids oD one purl ca on 
lln other; luid in il tbei-e wu a bed rii>li|ir fnniiibed. And 
thera vu hud in that bed tbe iiUitaa of a tnaii exceedkig grcol. 
Ind aimed at all pmnli; and ha had Ihe one ana (tretchad 
out, and a -wriEing in hi> hand. And whan tha kii'K and Uun* 
who were with bim raw this bed, and the tnati who wh laiilta, 
Itglhej RurTelled what it might be; andlhef uid, 'Oertta,' 
bed WB* one of Ihe wondera of Uercnlcs and of ' ' 
ncnu.' And, when they >aw ilie whtinft which lie held in 
kuul, Ibey ehoHed it to llie ki 



kit& 



l> hand. 



IDBrk weQ what thoD art, and huw sreal evil tbrcmgh Ihoe tlial] 
some to pasii for eren ai Spain woi peopled and oonquned 
by me, an by thee aliall it be dcpopuUited and lost. And 1 tny 
unto Diee, Unit I wu Hereulea Ihe Strnnfi, he who conqnered 
the greiiter part of Ihe world and nil S[inlni and I tie* Oe- 
ryoQ the Great, who wua lord tlietanfj and 1 alone nibdued 
all thcM luid) of Spain, and oenqnereil toany iialimi 
bmTo hnlghti; and iicTet any one e<nild conqner me, 
only Dentil. Look well to what ilion doeit; for from 
irorld tbou wilt onny wldi thee nothing but the |;ood 1 
tbon hssi done.' 

"And, whan the Ung hwl read Iho writing, he Haimubleil; 
and he wished then lluit he bad nut begun thli tiling. How- 
belt he made lemblaiiDO ai if it tooahed him niTt. and tnld thai 
no man was jxtwerful enangh to know Uiat which li lo come, 
•zeepi the tme God. And nil the kaigliU who were pmenl 
were mnch tronbled becaiue of whnl tha writing Mid. And, 
baling aeea thii, diuj went b) behold annther apartiuunl, 
wbich was to marvellon* thai no man can relxle bow niar> 
(eUoni it wia. I'be colon wblib wore tbrrela were four. 
Tha one part of the npartment wm while nt snow; and tbe 
other, wblvli wa9 orar agHiiut II, wu more black tbon |ntob| 

na orer ngainil It waa redder than fimh bloal. . 
wbola npartment wna bright, and more lacid tlinn crytlall ■ 



NOTES TO RODERICK. 833 

E WM M beaotifii], and the color theroof so fine, that it Mamod 
ia if aaoh of tfao sides were made of a single stone. And all 
iHio were there pfresent said that there was not more than a 
dngle stone in each, and that there was no joining of one stone 
with another; for every side of the whole four appeared to be 
one solid shdK And they all said, that never in the world had 
sQch a work as this elsewhere been made, and that it must be 
held for a remarkable thing, and for one of the wonders of the 
world. And in all the apartments there was no beam, nor 
any work of wood, neither within nor withont; and ns the 
floor thereof was flat, so also was the ceiling. Above these 
were windows, and so many that they gave a great light, ^ 
that all which was within might be seen as clearly as that 
which was without. And when they had seen the apartment 
how it was made, they found in it nothing but one pillar, and 
tiiat not very large, and round, and of the height of a man of 
mmn stature. And there was a door in it right cunningly 
made; and upon it was a little writing in Greek letters, which 
said, ' Hercules made this house in the year of Adam three 
hundred and six.* And when the king had read these letters, 
and understood that which they said, he opened the door; and, 
when it was opened, they found Hebrew letters, which said, 
* This house is one of the wonders of Hercules.* And, when 
Uiey had read these letters, they saw a niche made in that 
pilhu*, in which was a coffer of silver, right subtly wrought, 
and after a strange manner; and it was gilded, and covered 
with many precious stones, and of great price; and it was 
fiutened with a lock of mother-of-pearl. And this was made in 
such a manner that it was a strange thing; and there were cut 
upon it Greek letters, which said, * It cannot be but that the 
king, in whose time this coffer shall be opened, shall see won- 
ders before his death: thus said Hercules, the Lonl of Greece 
and of Spain, who knew some of thoee things which are to come.* 
And, when the king understood this, he said, * Within this coffer 
Ues that which I seek to know, and which Hercules has so 
•trongly forbidden to be known.* And he took the lock, and 
btoke it with his hands; for there was no otlter who durst 
break it. And when the lock was broken, and the coffer open, 
they found nothing within, except a white cloth folded between 



384 



SOUTHET'a POEUS. 



two piece! ar copper) flnd be look it, and opened 11, kiu) ft 
Uoort poitTSyed therein wUb lurbuii, sad burners In tl 
hmiiti, Mid with their iwordt ronnd llieir necki, k 
behind them Ht the eadille4>oir. And OTer Ilieie tigares « 
letlen, vhleh taid, ' When tlii* cloth tbtllbe opened, nnd thau 
Ogares aeen, men apparelled like them ihnll eonquer Spain, and 
ihall be lonlf lliervof.' 

" Whtm the King Don RcHlrigo taw tb<i. bo wna troubled aj 
lieort, and all Ibe knight* w 
unto hini, ' Now, ^r, yna mnj ue wliut faiu befnllan jou, H 
caUM yon ivonld not llitrn to ihme who coaiuelled jmh iu 
yp into to gnaC a thing, an'l becnii» you deipusd tl 
who were bofore 700. alio all obterved the oaminaudt or Ho* 
oqIss, and otderail Ihtm to be ohxerved, hot jaa would not da 
thi*.* And he bad grealei IronblB in hie lieart Ihim he had 
ever before ftdC: bowbeit he began to comOirt them al 
Mid to them, ■ God forbid that all this which we have 
■honld come to yuml Nerertheleaa, I My, that, if things a 
ba aRDording aa they are here declared, I eouM ni 
that which hath been ordained; and tharefora it appeon U 
I UD he by whom thin house was to be i>pened, and it 
ne it was n»r>ed. And, Mf>ln|[ it <■ done, therv It no 1 
that we «hou1d gdere Tor that whleh ennnol be prcTtDted,'!^ 
it mutt nM.1* coma. Atid, let come what 
imwer^I will slrive igainat that which Hercutea baa fan 
even till I take my death in mittiug iti and, if joa will alt 4 
In like manner, I doubt whether the whole world can t 
from at our power. But, If bf Ood It hath been appointed^ 
■Irenglb and no an cnn avail agaiiitl bit almi^tv pntrt 
thai all thinft ninit b* tiltAlled even aa to him aaeraeth g 
tn thii gui» Ihaf wml ont irf the honse ; and h 
all that they ihould tell no man of what thejt 1 
and ordared the doon to ba faalened in the same maiiuar m 
beRire. And thay liwl hanllv Bniihed flutening liiem, when 
Ihey baheld In eagle flill hgkl down from the iky, na if It hail 
daaeended ttmn heaven, cnryinft a burning flrebrand. whJoh It 
laid npon Ihe top of the house, and began b ' ~ 

wings; and the flrebnindwith Ihe motlun of the air l-eganll 



wkiiid] 



a if it bad b 



NOT£8 TO RODERICK. 335 

nmde of rosin. So strong and mighty were the flames, and to 
liigh did they blaze up, that it was a great m:irvel ; and it burnt 
•o long, that there did not remain the sign of a single stone, 
and all was burnt into ashes. And after a while there came a 
great flight of birds small and black, who hovered over the 
ash^ ; and they were so many, that, with the fanning of their 
wings, all the ashes were stirred up, and rose into the air, and 
were scattered over the whole of Spain; and many of tho$o 
persons upon whom the ashes fell appeared as if they had 
been besmeared with blood. All this happened in a day ; and 
many said afterwards, that all those persons upon whom those 
ashes fell died in battle when Spain was conquered and last; 
and this was the first sign of the destruction of Spain.** — 
Chromca del Rty D. Jiodrigo, Part I. c. 28-^0. 

** Y siendo verdad lo que escriven nuestros Chronistas, y el 
Alcayde Tarif, las letras que en este Palacio fueron halladas, 
no se ha de entender que fueron puestas por Hercules en su 
fondaeion, ni por algon nigromantico, como algunos plensan, 
pnes solo Dios sabe las oosas por venir, y aquellos aquien el es 
•ervido revelarlas: bien puede ser que fuessen puestas por 
alguna santa persona aquien nuestro SeHor lo oviesse reve- 
lado y mandado; como revelo el castigo quo avia de sucodcr 
del diluvio general en tiempo de Noe, que fue pregonero de 
la josticia de Dios; y el de las ciudades de Sodoma y Go- 
morra 4 Abraham.*' •— Fratt, de Pisa, Deecr. de ToUtiOf 1. ii. 
e.81. 

The Spanish ballad upon the subject, fine as the subject it, 
b flat as a flounder: — 

" De kM oobilUslmos Godos 
Qae «n Castllla arian reynado 
Rodrigo reyno el poetrero 
De los reyes que ban paseado; 
En enyo tiempo loe ftloroe 
Todo KspaBa avian ganado, 
Sine ftaera laa Astorias 
Que defendio Don Pelayo. 
En Toledo eeta Rodrigo 
Al oomien^ del reynado; 
Tlnole grmn rolantad 



BOUTHKI'B FOEkUI. 



nnrUmudi 



Como >4|u! *■ 



TqJm ■■ mUj wpu n ^^ 



NOTES TO RODERICK. 337 

BolTen & carrar U torre, 
Quedo el rey maj angusUado.'* 

Roviancu nuevamente tacados far Loren^ 
d* Sepulceda^ f. 160, 15G4. 

Juan Yague de Salas relates a siiigulnr part of this miracle, 
n^ich I have not seen recorded anywhere but in bis very rare 
ind onrious poem: — 

" Canttf oomo rompldos km candadon 
De la lobrega cuova, y despedidas 
De BUS aenos obscuros Tozea trUtes 
No bico articuladas, tl 4 remiendos, 
Repetidas adentro por el ayre, 
T ana mas brooca ae eacucho que dlae, 
Deediehado Rey Ro (y acaba digo, 
Qnedando kt R submersa entre pi^arraa) 
La Coro perderai, y «1 Man, y el Oe, 
No dizo el na, ni el do, nl el tro, no dlxo;* 
Almenoe no m oyo, ai bieo oyoae 
Por laaclvo tirano, y por sobenrio, 
Que ya permitn el Oielo que el de Meca 
Caatigue por tu «*auHa el Key no Godo, 
Por aolo que k- rigctt con mal niodo." 

Los Jlmaidtui de Teruet^ p. 29. 

The " Chronica General del Hey Don Alfonso " gives n sin- 
gular account of the first inhabitant of this fatal spot: — 

^ There was a king who had to name Uocas : he vmb of the 
east country from Edom, wherein was panulise; and for the love 
of wisdom he forsook his kingdom, nnd went about the world 
seeking knowledge. And in a country between the cast and 
the north he found seventy pillars: thirty were of brass, tiiirty 
of marble; and they lay upon the ground, and upon them was 
written all knowledge and the nature of things. The^e Rocas 
tnuislated, and carried with him the book in which he had 
translated them, by which he did marvels. He cunie to Troy 
when the poople under Laomedon were building the city; and, 
Mting them, he laughed. They asked him why ; and he replie<l, 
that, if they knew what was to happen, they would ceane from 
their work. Then they took him, and led him before Laome* 
ion; and Laomedon asked him for why he hud s])oken tiiese 

VOL. IX. Z 



WDrtU. Aixi BiKiuiui6wer»d tluit be li 
poo|it« iliouli] b« put lo (he iwonl, aa 
bj fire. Whenlbni the TniJHns wimlil lii 
Lunnoilan, Judging that lis spiikc frum Tullj 



iltpokcn truth ; br tht 



i reitDl. Uc, renrful cC limih, t>; b 






k ileap upon tlit Kuonb, au'l filed uO' hi> iiuiu, u 



Ami l> 



ltl>jil 






I. he wrote Ilia l«tUn Uunu 



• Elly, beOBUH 



(buiul tlicm, end gBT« them lu n 
they bnra u muinblance lo hli own. 

** Then Kent Kiug Sociu weilwnrd: mid he entered Spain, 
•lid went rouuti It nod tlmmgb it, till, cunu'ng to the gpol wherv 
Toledo ttuids, he iliicorered tlint H ww the cenln] place al 
the country, uid that one dn; ■ city thould tliere tfC huillt 
■aJ there he founil n onve, into mblGh he eulend. 'Ihere litjr 
in it a huge limgou) luid Uociu iu rear beaought tlie dmgaq 
Du( to hurt him, for Ibey were both cnnitBrea ur G»d. And 
the dmgan took lurli lote lowarili him, that h< nlvnyi broaght 
him port of hii Cwd froro theehue; and ihey Unelt logelber 
Ld the cutIi. Uiie dny, en bonomble nun or ttut knil, liy- 
nsine TiirliU, wn* hunting In thai uinuiiTniii, and he (bund it 
bear, and the benr Bed intu thecaTe; and Bdcu, In fmr, od- 
draiud him na he hnri done tlie di'iiGin, and the bear quietlp 
Uj> dowu, mid Udm* IbndM III* bead. And Tamu, foUovllig, 
eun Kouu, Imw bli bmiril iiiu long, and hi* iHKly coven 
hsh-i «1<1 he Uiuught it WM a wild uum, olid ftlled si 
tobi* bow, Hiid drew Ibe ettlng. Ilieii Rol'M beeoug 
la the uanie o( Cod not lo slay him, and oblnlned leeu 
himself and the bear nuder bU pnxection. And,wlien 
heard bow be wae h kinj;, ha Invited him lo leaee tlial ( 
relBm with biin, and he would give faim hla oidy dani; 
DBniriiige, and leave him all that h* hod. By thl* the 
reWrueil. Tanus wb> alarmed, and would hn«e fli 
ttocni Interhrad; niid the dnigoD threw dawu half ou o: 
he htui deruureil the rest, and oahed llie ntniiiger to (blti 
•at. TnrtuK declined the InTilnlioii, fur he muiI be ( 
Then >nl<) Riieat to the dragon, ' Uy friend. I muit on* I 
yon, lor wn hnve wjournod togoilier long eiionf h. So bi 



NOTES TO BODEBICK. 389 

imgon, he bailt a tower over the cave, and dwelt there. After 
his death, one of his sons btiill another, and King Pirros added 
more building; and this was the beginning of Toledo.** 



RtdeenUd MagddUn, — X. p. 118. 

Laidner published a letter to Jonas Hanway, showing whj 
houses for the reception of penitent harlots ought not to be 
ealled Magdalen houses; Mary Magdalen not being the sinner 
recorded in the seventh chapter of Luke, but a woman of 
distinction and excellent character, who labored under some 
bodily infirmity, which our Lord miraculously healed. 

In the Shibboleth of Jean Despngne is an article thus enti- 
tled: ** De Marie Magdaluine laquelle ftiussement on dit ayoir 
este femme de mauvaise vie: Le tort que luy font lea Theolo- 
giens pour la plus part en leurs sermons en leurs livres; et 
speciaJement la Bible Angloise en I'Argument du 7* chap, de 
S. Luc.** 

** The ii\jur}',** says this Huguenot divine, **which the Bomish 
ohurch does to another Mary, the sister of Lazarus, has been 
luiBoiently confuted by the orthodox. It has been ignorantly 
believed that this Mary, and another who was of Mngdala, and 
the sinner who is spoken of in the seventh of Luke, are the 
lame p«rM>n, confounding the three in one. Wc have justified 
one of the three; to wit, her of Bethany, the sister of Lazarus: 
but her of Magdala we still defame, as if that Magdalen were 
the sinner of whom St. Luke speaks. 

** Nothing is more common in the mouth of the vulgar than 
the wicked life of the Magdalen. The preachers who wish to 
oonfeas souls that are afflicted with horror at their sins, repre- 
sent to them this woman as one of the most immodest and 
dissolnte that ever existed, to whom, however, God has shown 
mercy. And upon this same prejudice, which iH altogether 
imaginary, has been founded a rea^n why the Son of God, 
having been raised from the dead, appeared to Mary Magdalen 
before any other person ; * for,* say they, * it is because she 
had greater need of consolation, having been a greater sinner 
than the others.* He who wrote the 'Pmctice of Piety* 
elaces her with the greatest ofienders, — even with Manassas. 



840 souiuet'b pof.j 

one of tha wlckedeit or men ; and. to ai 



Mir. For 



lEont to llie MTSiith of Loke, in the KiiK'i>l> Tfntuii, nys, 
that the wouibh whi»e lini were In grentec initnliBr ili]iii tlioM 
oT athen, (he wDmaoi who dit then hml lived n wicked unij 
iDnnnooe life, iriu Sloi? Mngdnlen. Bnt, flnt, tha text kI^m 
no nung to tbli diiiier. When, then, hm it been found? 
Which or the eTsnf-iilisti, or wliut 
baa biught lu the proper name or n 
For the who pouted an olalmenl Q|N)n Cbriit (UnU- j 
John xii.) wu Dot thia liiiiier, nor Miry Mngdnlen 
lifter of LixiiruA. Al] theic circumstnncu thaw that tlieja 
two diS^rent storiet, t»o divert octioni, perTormod >i 
timet, in diven plnces, lUid liy diven petaooB. St 
where do ire 6nd thnt Uaij Miigiialeii ever anaiaMd I 
of our SsTioar? Thinliy, where do we find tlial Mary H 
dtlen hod been ■ wcunmi of pvil hCe? The G«pel tell* III 






lied with >e 



u niBiotion which might happen to the bolienl peraon In Iba 
mnid; bnt ve do not sm aveu the ihedow ot h wonl then 
which nuirki ber witli infiuny. Why, then, do we ttUl adhere 
■o an hiventlon not only flibuloiu, bnt injnrlotii lathe memory 
of ■ woman illlutriouf in piety? We ought a* well to be- 
ware of bearing falie witneu againit the dead ae ogainit the 
itl4ng. 

"tt I> renuirkable that iiBither the tinner (Luke Til.] nor 
the ■dultereei wlio is tjiokeii "f in the eighth of John are 
named in Ihe snored history, niiy mora then the thief who wee 
omverted on the oidh. There aro portleolar iBaioin, bayoud 
■ doubt, and we may in pan conjecluni them, why the Haly 
Spirit haa abitainad tNxa reUling Ilia namai of Iheae gnml 
afasien, although oanTerted. It l> not, then, fbr lu to Impoal 
thsm, ttill bae lo aiqnvprtata tham to pemiu whom I 



TAoCiliqiXMHpratMal. — X. p. 111. 



NOTES TO RODERICK. 841 

people, withoat any intention of deoeiying them. Some parts 
of the legend are beautifully conceived. An English Romanist 
has Tersified it in eight books, under the title of the ** Triumph 
of the Cross, or Penitent of Egypt Birmingham, 1776.** He 
bad the advantage of believing his story, which ought to have 
aeted like inspiration. 



The dread/vl iak. — X. p. 118. 

** Amava el Rey la deslgtial Florinda 
Baser gmtU y desdeBosa dams. 

Que qidcce amor, que qnando un Kej se rlnda 
Desdenes poMlan red^tir su llama. 

No ftie da Greela maa bermosa y linda 
La que le dio per ni desdicha fhma, 

Ni desde el Sagltario & Cynosuia 

Be tIo en tanto rigor tanta hermosoxa. 

Oreel6 el amor oomo el deaden creda; 

Bnqjoee el poder; la resisteoeia 
Be fhe anmentando, pero no podia 

Sofirlr un Rej iqjeta competenda : 
litendioae & ftiror la cortesia, 

Los termlnos paaao de la pedencia, 
Baslendo loe mayores deaengaBos 
Lbs boras meses, y los meaea aBoa. 

Osmado ya Bodrigo de que ftieaae 
Teoxioa el amor y intentoa vanos, 

8tn que danoatiaeton alguna huTieaae, 
Pnao au guato en pratica de m&noe : 

Poes quien de tanto amor no le turleaae 
Con loa medioB maa fkdiea y hnmanos, 

Oomo tendria entoncea aufHmlento 

De lE^ta ftier^ en el rigor vIolentoT 

Anslas, eongqjaa, lagrimaa y Toses, 
Amenaisa, amorea, ta^r^ injnxia, 

Ptnevan, pelean, llesan, dan fbroies 
Al que sma, rabia, al que aborreoe, fbria^ 

Diaeurren loa pronoaticoa reloaea, 
Que ofteoe el penaamiento aqulen ii\)nrla| 

Bodilgo tame, y sma, y ftier^ y ella 

Qnanto mas ae reaiste, esta maa bella. 




aigvlo a In lojiuu fOrU 1* tiMtn. 
ApwduH vl HrTvpcDlimleDlo, 



w m « •> Kay guUai 



Lope de Vegn <|uolst Scripture in proof of tha opinioo k 
m««d la ihb liut couplet, a Kingt, ch. xill. 

Old BirrBt UUi the slor? u Ancient fitUH would )ui 



Usui,! JuUu'i ihncbl 



inrfiliigol »vIk*,— 
[■tun quAlntlj ■jmrnolriitd, 



NOTES TO RODERICK. 343 

It is thus related in the fabulous Chronicle: '* Despues que 
fil Rey OTO descubierto su coni9on 4 la Cava, no era dia que la 
no requiriesse una vez 6 dos, y ella se defeudia con buena 
raxon: empero al cabocomo el Rey no peusava cosu como en 
esto, un dia en la siesta embio con un donzel suyo por la Cava ; 
y ella vino & su mandado ; y como en essa hora no avia en toda 
fu camara otro ninguno sino ellos todos tres, el cumplio con 
ella todo lo que puso. Empero tauto sabed que si ella quisiera 
dar bozes que bien fuera oyda de lu reyna, nius cullosse con lo 
que el Rey quiso fazer.'* — P. 1, c. 172. 

In this fabulous Chronicle, Roderick's fall is represented as 
the work of his stars: ** Y aunquo a las vczes pen&ava el grau 
yerro en que tocava, y en la maldad que su cora^on avia come- 
tido, tanto era el ardor que tenia que lo olvi«luva todo, y esto 
acarreaya la malaudan^a que le avia de vciiir, y la destruycion 
de Espana que avia de aver comien90 poni so hozer; y quiero 
Tos dezir que su constelucion no podia escusiir que esto no 
passasse assi; y ya Dios lo avia dexado en su discrecion; y el 
per coea que fuesse no se podia arredrar que no topasse en 
elk)." — P. 1,0. 164. 

** Certes,'* says the fabulous Chronicler, *' he was a lord of 
greater bounty than ever had been seen before his time. He 
used to say, that« if all the world were his, he would rather lose 
it than one friend: for the world was a thing which, if it were 
lost, might be recovered; but a friend, once lost, could never 
be recovered for all the treasure in the world. And, because 
he was thus bountiful, all those of Spain were likewise; and 
they had the fame of being the most liberal men in the world, 
especially those of the lineage of the Goths. Never a thing 
was asked at his hands, whether great or small, to whicli he 
could say no; and never king nor other great lord asked aid 
of him that he denied, but gave them of his treasures and of 
His people as much as they needed. And doubt not but that, 
if fortune had not ordered that in his time the lineage of the 
Goths should be cut off and Spain destroyed, there was no 
idng or emperor whom he would not have brought into sub- 
jection; and, if the whole world ought to be placed in the 
power of one man (speaking of worldly things), there never 
nor will be a man deserving to possess it, save he alone. 



iTil, and Hkw bow great 



S44 



But, SI EiiTf li the beginning of al 

wu the goadaeu of tliie kiug, ahe never ranted till the bad 
brouglit ibanl thsl tilings should be utterly rcTeneil, btbu till 
«ba bad deiirored bim. Ob, whnt gniit dnmnge to the vorU 
will it be when God thsll coiueul that to much bountji ned 
ooBiage and [hulknot uiil loyalty iboulil be'lestroyed (oreterl 
All nation* ongbl to clad IbamiialvBi" in wralched weedj on* 
da; In tlie week to mrmm Tor the fla«'er o( the world; and 
««peoially ought the people of Spnin to iniike luch moorniiig,*" 
-~Ckrotiica M Rtg Don Itodriyo,^. 1, c M. 

And agKin, whan the laat buttle In approaohlDg, he pnla«t 
die king : " Y ei Roy era el miu aBl'uri,w(Io hombre de cunfon 
qne ntinoa ee oyo doiir; }' el nuiB frnneo de loUo lo que podia 
aver; 7 preciavi am cobnr atnigm qua no qoaiiio lesoro 
pndieue eater en lu reyno, hwtn el dia qui croyo el cotu^ 
del traydor del conde Don Julinn; y t maraTiUa era bnen 
oaTallero que el tiemiio que et nu er« rey. tio w hidlnva oavel- 
lero qae t )a an bondad te ygualrute, y laoto uhed que albo 
par eatni nulandnnfMi que le Tlnlerou, nuoca eaVBllero al miiiido 
da talei coadlcionee flie; quo nonca i el vhio 
..fMadelaepartteuedetpagailo Aculpamya." — P. 1,0. 31 
The nmnDer in which Florlttdn onlls upon her father b 
Moge her i> ooi^omly expressed by Lope de Vega: — 




NOTES TO RODERICK. 345 

I ramember but one of the old poets who has spoken with 
oompassion of Floriudiu It is the Portuguese Bras Garcia 
Mascarenhas; a writer who, with many odd thinfi^ in his poem, 
haa some fine ones. 

** Rsflrotea em CoTiihani agente aflita, 
Nam M sabe que nome entam a honraTa; 
lluyto deposis foj Cava Julia dita, 
For nascer nella a desdltada Cara. 
Nam a dettlosCTEf antes a acredita 
Filha que a honra maiji que hum Rey presava ; 
lleipanha cxilpe a for^a sem deiiculpa. 
Nam culpe a bellit, que nam tere culpa/' 

Viriato Tragico, canto ii. st. 118. 



WandxCt toars. — XII. p. 125. 

In the valuable history of this king, by a contemporary 
writer, the following character of the French is given: — 

** Hujus igitur gloriosis temporibuss Gulliarum terra nltriz 
perfldia infami denotatur elogio, qusB utique inaestimabili 
infidelitatis febre vexata, genita a se infidelium depasceret 
membra. Quid enim non in ilia crudele vei lubricumV ubi 
coiyuratorum conciliabulum, pcriidise signum, obscoonitas ope- 
mm, fraus negotiorum, venale judicium, et quod pejus his 
omnibus est, contra ipsum Salvatorem nostrum et Dominum, 
JadsBorum binsphemantium prostibulum habebatur. Hnc 
anim terra suo, ut ita dixerim, partu, perditionis suae sibimet 
prsparavit ezcidium, et ex ventris sui generatione vi[>erea 
eversionis sun nutrivit decipulam. Etenim dum multo jam 
tempore his febrium diven«itatibus agcretur, subito in ea unius 
nefandi capitis prolapsione turbo infidelitatis adfflirgit, et con- 
censio perfidin per unum ad plurimos transit** — 8, Julian: 
SsL Wambctj \ 6. Eipalla &igrada^ vi. 644. 



Th€ bath, the bed, 
The viffii^Xll.p, 127, 

The Partidas have some curious matter upon this subject. 
** Cleanliness makes things appear well to those who behold 
tbtqn, e«eD as propriety makes them seemly, each in its way. 



Aud U«rafore tlie uicinuu b«ld It good Uiit kniglit* ■hooR 
miule olBunly. Vor eren u Ihey oufhl lo liiivc 
vrilhla lli«iii in llwir niMiiuart uiid cuttutnt, to oil 



Imvo it witlwDl ill Ibsir , 



•Irika Mill to thj, yet notwIthitKiiiliiig tiny mnj- lit 

fonigu tlidlr luilunl Itraiiimiiont u not Ui lia pleuiKil i 

Bud gwHLly tliliigi, espMiiilly wlion (hey woHr tliciii. 

due pan iliiy gilt joy anil dcliglii, nod on tbn (rihcr uutka thein 

f«4rl«»!r pcrlbrm roitti Of uroi, bociuso tbey iire Kwiirc Uuil 

by tliem tliey an knuvrii, siid Umt licuiiuM uf diani men tak« 

mon Ivmd Id wliat Uioy Uu. Tliurefura, fur Out n 

liuew ■nd propriety do not dlminlBb the hanlihood nnd <■ 

olty wliioh tbey ougbl to lure. Uoreovet, m ii araraHitd, 4 

wblch mppenn wltliout i> Ih« tigBidcHllOD Of wbal tbay bi 



jr Inolinalloiii 



>1i1|1d. 



>ii<tli 



Uwi the iqulre, wlio is of nobla lineig*, ihould hevp vigil tba 
diiy bofora Iw n«ivc> liDlglilbood ; mid, after tnid-day. 
Ilia Hjuinis sbiUI ball)o blin, ami wmIi ill* boui wllh tlislr 
liHKli,aMil Inyhimin tbagiKiiiliHI Iml Ihatmny in; and Uwra 
Ui» linlgbM etinll diaw on lii* bmr, ami oluilie him with tha 
best gnnoenta Ihtt can be Unrl. Aiitl, inihen the oleMialng of 
the boly boa hwi fierlonatA, tliey 'hall do ■■ mnch to Ih* 
■on); taking hi ID (0 the ehuiv'li, whan lie Is (oUburhi watch- 
ing, aud busegiklng meroy ur Uod Uixi be will Rirgivii blm bl* 
etiu, uid guide him m that ha mny demean hitnielf well In 
Ihaloniiir wbicb bo ii nlitmi to reoilTDi lo the end that he 
ni»y derend bli bw, and do oil other ihibgi oeoonllng w It 
bahoDTelh binl, and thai ha would be his darander an 
In all dangsn^d in all diffionlllat. And be ouglit tt 
mind bow God 1> powecfnl abo<re all Hilngi, attd can 
power ill them whan bs lUlaQi, and Hpeclidly In > 
■nna. Fur in bin hand an lift and death, lo give and 
away, and to maka Ui« woiik utrung, and (he Btrong m 
Ainl, whoa he !■ mukiug this pnyrr, be mual be wlib hi* ha 

bent, and all tha retl of the time na Ibot, » long aa hi 

bear Ik far the vigil of kulgbt* *a< not ordaiotKl to ba ft 
•port, nor (or any tiling alts, eieajil ttuit tfaay, nnd tbiw 
p> tberr, •hcmlil |iraf to Qod to proleot Iheoi, and dtnci 



NOTES TO RODERICK. 347 

hi the right vmy, and support them, as men who are eutering 
opoQ the way of death.** — Part. ii. Tit. 21, Ley 13. 

** When the vigil is over, as soud as it is day, he ought first 
^o bear 3lass, and pray God to direct all his feats to hi$ i^nrice. 
And afterwards he who is to knight him ^liull come and ask 
him if he would receive the order of knighthood; and if he 
answereth yea, then shall it be asked hiui, if he will maintain 
it as it ought to be maintained; and, when he shall have pro- 
mised to do this, that knight shall fasten on his spurs, or onler 
some other knight to fasten them on, according to what manner 
of man he may be, and the rank which he holdeth. And this 
they do to signify, that as a knight putteth spurs on the right 
and on the left to make his horse gallop stmiglit forward, even 
•o he ought to let his actions he >traightforward, swerving on 
neither side. And then shall his sword be girt on over \i\s briai. 
Formerly it was ordained, that, when nol»le men were made 
knights, they should be armed at all points, ns if they were 
about to do battle. But it was not held gmxl that their heads 
•hould be covered ; for they who cover their heatls do so for 
two reasons: the one to hide something there which hath an 
ill look, — and for that reason they may well cover them with 
any fair and becoming covering; the other reason is, when a 
man hath done some unseemly tiling of which he is usIiMniod. 
And this in no wise becometh noble knights; for, when they 
are about to receive so noble and so honorable a thing as 
knighthood, it is not fitting that they shonld enter into it with 
any evil »hame, neither with fear. And, when they siiall have 
girded on his sword, they shall draw it from out the scahhard, 
and place it in his right han<l, and make him swear these three 
things: first, that he shall not fear to die for his faith, if need 
be; secondly, for his natunU lord; thirdly, for his conntry. 
And, when he hath sworn this, then shall the blow on the neck 
be given him, in order that the»c things aforesaid nniy come 
into his mind, saying, ' God gnard him to his oervioe, and let 
him perform all th it he hath promised; ' and, :tfr« r this, he who 
hath conferred the order upon him shall ki>s him, in token of 
the faith and peace and brotheriiood which onght to ho oh- 
•enred among knights. And the same ought ail the knights to 
io who are iu that place, not only at that time, but wlienever 



348 SOCTHET's l-OEMB. 



wluile josr." — I*ifbf| 



Ihe; ihnll meat willi him ilurlng lb 
TiL ai. Ley 14. 

" Tbe gilt tpun wlilah tlis knlghla pal un hm manj l^ 
niflEBllont; for Ilia galil, wliicli it K> grMllf e< 
upOD hl> real, daaoliiig thorabji tlialUwknlglilebnilnatlW'gfM 
rominit any nmllpiily or IreuiHi, or Hh< •IohI, Ihiil would 
detnel (ma tlin h'lnar of kulghlbond- 1'he <|iun «ra aliRrpi 
tlint tlicf may qulclien iho ■peed of tlie bonoj uid thii ■igni- 
tl«> Uwl Die kulglit ought M ipur aiid prick un Ibo pcopik, and 
nmke Ih™ rirtn™,.- fur on. knigl.l 
Ociiinl lo mnke mm^y pfopla virtiiiinti 
he 0U)!ht lo priuk a piprvoist poople ( 
ITranU il Mauo, p. 1, e. 19, f. 4*. 

The h«miitRBiiik toTininteiiehiplar from the "AfytgM 
BiiltngKc," vxplnioluB lh« origin ot knighthood. Their 
Il b there Hid, wee oorrnplod, when Cm), lo the i 
be iDiglit li« loVDiI, hoDoreil, lerved, wul feared o 




benr Ilia grenlesl religup, atui might be o 
•enrioe of man; nnd he ohote llie b<ma, end gnva him to thb 
turn who WM oba»en ttom the thontand; end for Ibia ranwin 
be *iu called cumflera, becnttaa the bent enimul wu thu* 
Joined to Uik innit nnhla man. And, whan Bomnlai fbnnilHJ 
Rome, ha chov! out ■ ihonntid yoniis men to be knl^d, ud 
" f^rao nomlnnti miiiti porche ffllilo fi 
caTnllerl." — P. 1, c. 14. L 40. 

The cndtini which aume k1>ig> had of knighting tlien 
Il eenmrad by the Parrfdiu.— 1>. 11. 1. 11, 1. 11. It U tl 
•Aid Ihat there iDuxl beoneloj^Te.nnd another to ncaiTe,tbt 
enlar ; and k kiilghl am no maie kiiighl thnu n print can 
erdiiin himaelfi 

" When the IsAinie Benundo of CnsUle irai clioeen King 
of Arngon, h« knigliled hImHif On hit cnmnBlian.day: *Dc 
qne toll loa hintnn nohlet hn lengereii unii gnin mararaDo mm 
el ninlex to (ea cevnller, ijul ifgoiu lui deieat lilie doyeii nan- 



NOTES TO RODERICK. 349 

gUDO pot esser cavalier, si no dones nos fa cavalier de ma de 
oaraller qui hage lorde de cavalleria.' " — Toinich., c. 47, f. 68. 

** The qualificatious for a knight, cavallero, or horse-soldier, 
in the barbarous stage of society, were three : 1st, That h^ 
ahould be able to endure fatigue, hardi^Iiip, and privations 
2d]y, That he should have been used to strike, that his blows 
might be the more deadly. 3<lly, That ho should be bloorly- 
minded, and rob, hack, and destroy the enemy without com- 
punction. The persons, therefore, who were preferred, were 
mountaineers accustomed to hunting, carpenters, blacksmitlis, 
stonecutters, and butchers: but, it being found that such per- 
sons would sometimes run away, it w:ls then discovered that 
thev who were chosen for cavaliers ouRht to have a natural 
sense of shame; and for this reason it w!us appointed that they 
should be men of family.** — Piirt. ii. Tit. 21, Ley 2. Vegetitu^ 
1. i. c. 7. 

** The privileges of knighthood were at one time so great, 
that, if the goods of a knight were liable to seizure, they could 
not be seized where he or his wife were present, nor even 
where his cloak or shield was to be found/' — Part. ii. Tit 21, 
Ley 28. 

The coated tcnles of steel 
WTuch o*er the tunic to his knees depend. — XII. p. 127. 

Canciani (t. iii. p. 84) gives a representation of Roland from 
the porch of the C:ithe<Iral at Verona, which is supposed to 
have been built about the beginning of the ninth century. The 
figure is identified by the inscription on the sword, — " Du-rin- 
dar-da." The hrica^ which Canciani explains, " Vestica bellica 
macniis ferreis contexta,** is illustrated by this figure. It is a 
coat or frock of #f a/^-m;iil reaching to the knees, and with half 
sleeves. The only hand which appears is unarmed as far as 
Ihe elbow. The right leg, also, is unarmed; the other leg and 
ibot are in the same sort of annor as the coat. The end of « 
loose garment appears under the mail. The shield reaches 
from the chin to the middle of the leg: it is broad enough at 
the top to cover the breast and shoulder, and slopes gradually 
«ff to the form of a long oval. 



bouthet'9 poems. 



AjimyluaiJifulnmg.— '&lV. p. lU. 
Tbii picture rrwiuenllr oncun in the SpHiiitli oli 
Sigurd th« eld4r, Enrl of Oiknef, owtd bit death t 
cutiom. "SutlJealy chipping (pun u> hit hoiu. h he n 
rMuni'mg liome iu tnuinph, Innirlng, like eiieli <it hli (blloin 
one of tlipw tjlood)' ipalb, ii lurge (runt tuuth, In iha mouth <fl 
tbs head wbiob bnog Onngliuj; by his iide, cut the onlf of lila 
leg. The oounit uuirtifleil, luiJ be died, 't'lio earl mutt bare 
been b«relegge<l." — Tnrfiaa, gnoltd in BJmonilat'i Vioatftm 
ZiOaad blMdi, vol. 1. p. as. 



&t pHiilIij ri'iro./if. — XV. p. 15S. 
"At the hviiik] of U.-ucQu, Inyincn were eii|niutd tu do 
honor to the hotiombla clergy by bambly bowing the baid, 
■nd aucoTorlDg It, if they irere both on boncbaeli, njut by 
■lighting ]i]90 if the dergytnan wsronToot." — Pirrrtdi 
But lit Bean, 1 1, cli. 18, f 2. 



Whim nnl ttc ipuih of Alobalifa 

OiMtaU^yiH*iUiau. — \y\.f.il». 

HoTTUndO do Soto, — the liMory of wboM espediHon to 

Florjifai, by the IneH aeroiluo, !* one of the mmt, delightful 

boolu in tlie Spanish Unguiige. 

M-wiffctr deretnueybr (i* aitDiima/ jTPaan. — XVL p. U. 
Honiles (S, 13, 8), Bpenking of the A;turian». mcnttntif, «». 
wondor, tlieir ohain, fnmitBTO, nnd gnuiiirita of Wkel-voiki 
" Lu Btllu y DtTHS ooMt de Krvlelo rDclai y flrniu que ha- 
can eutrot«xidii3 de mlmbrei y vuu de avellnno. T bud 1 
me DO me eaguiitnba iin nqnella liem iKiiTo e*Io eomo Ter IM 
gnuienn, ijni' Klioe llnmnn lo« bor 
ibr* de Tunu ontrelexidu, y tBi 
-uir tutrea gnu ciugit oomo bueni 



NOTES TO RODERICK. 351 



Cbvadon^o. — XVI. p. 168. 

Th« TiUley of Govadonga is thus described by the Gonde 
da Saldaetia; and the description is a fair specimen of his 
poem: — 

** Taoe de Astarias, dond) el Sol Infknte 
Sos montes con prim eras luces baua, 
Da OovadODga el dtio, que triunfante 

Can* toe en que nacio la iomgna JE^pi^a; 
Vlarte en el Sela liquidos cristalea 

Con BueBa y Deba, que de U montaSa 
Deben la rida 4 la ftragoaa oopa, 
A quien la andguedad Uam6 de Europa. 

Aqni la jurentud de un bello llano 

Compite & florea, Inc«8 de la e^phera; 
T bnrlando el Inriemo y el Verano 

Iftema rive en el la Primavera : 
Sobre sua glebaa ae derrama u&no 

El prodlgioso cuemo de la Fiera 
De Amaltea, y aromas, y colores 
OonAinden los madcee con olorea. 

Bobuatoe trunooa, con pobladaa ramas 

Vnelven el aitio nutica Alameda, 
T del Sol no permlten & laa llamas 

Lo eapeso penetrur de la Arboleda : 
Pierden sua rayot las ardientes famaa, 

Puce la frondosidad opuesta Tcda 
La las al dia, y denso Terde muro 
Giepuaculo le ri^te al ayre puro. 

Sifelendo la ribera de Peoaia 

Al Oriente KDtiral, y alfo incUnado 
A la parte que mira al medio dU, 

Otro valle te Te mns dilatado : 
A la dererha de esta selra umbria 

Beynaao corre, que precipitado 
Va & dar & BueBa en liquidos abraaos 
8a pobre vena en cristalinos laaos. 

9ln paantr de Reynazo el sucresaiTO 
Cnrao, dexando presto su torrents. 



Dt Dab*, i qolaa In Owht 9lt In runtoi 






li TlaMu ^«tii)in tit hm 



FlnUOcia |^}ir<ll» 



t)« Condoogi ornpt, 



^o ilflipTwUnrlo <1« k miml*, 



NOTES TO BODERICK. 353 

Doode «ii peqiMP* b*lM m corriente 

&• deti«ne en raspeosos in«n&ntialoi: 
DespoM M piveipita m torrente 

Qaanto rat ondat enfreno neutralca, 
Ooa aononMO nrido de la pena 
El cnno d« rat afoat te de»peSa. 

Oerra todo wte Talte wta robasta 

Pefia, donde la CneTa etta dirina. 
Que amenan tijada A ter injof ta 

Del brtre Uaoo formidable ruina - 
Parece qaleie ter con tafia adotta 

Seco padron, j %n% ae deAtina 
A erigirte epitaflo peBasoom, 
Sepoltando ta horror el dtio hermoeo. 

Da pledra rira tan tremenda altura 

Que la titta al mirarla ee estremece; 
¥atta greSa te vitte, y la hermoeara. 

De la fertlUdad wca aborreoe : 
■■ tan dvsmemrada >u c^statura 

Qoe ettrecha el ayie, j barbara pareoo 
Qoe qulere qoe la rirran de Cimera 
Lat ftalminantea lucet de la Espbera. 

Oomo 4 dot pkat eo la p«la dara 

Conttmje en cireo ana abertura rare, 
De nna pica de alto, y dos de anchura, 

Rica de tombrat so mansion arHra : 
▼entana, 6 boca de la Cuera obi^cura 
. Donde el Sol no Oispensa ra liiz clara, 
Tkn corta, que «a centro teoebroso 
Aun no admlte cn'piucalo dudoso. 

En e«Ce sitk> poet, donde compile 

La rustiqaei con las pintadas floret, 
Pnei la pelada aierra no permite 

A la Titta, tino et yerto/borroret : 
For el contrario el llano que en ti admitr 

De lot bellot matlcet lot primoret, 
Bfecto tiendo de naturaleza 
Ia anion en lo feaJdad, y la boUoza. 

A tlorba de ciittal lat dakren avet 
CoRctponden en trinoa amoro.iot, 

YOl* IZ. 2 A 



SOUTHEV 8 rOKHB. 



TirDiBda vb bturla h 



UIks tit <ll>irtu 1* DItIiw 

I'nirlilailEh 1 lu gnn ■■■ ll h*l 



lUlltrtuH. <t<u » tmpnfp ilii noonda 



CbriitDTiil [le Mrrsn nim <l«crili« IIih 



Knuil>«(mnJ>iii>ntUI 



npUtcuirtcnto tuflUn: 



upftFto* h ilerttttt. 



DmU iiw « ikn Jt ■» buain 



NOTES TO KODKIilCK. 



lltlfl 



Am! M MTTt^ OOD AulCNHUI onUM, 

Por Im pwtM nuu btUM jr dim HouiImi. 

8ftl« brsnuuido U temnm fu«nt«, 
Como on owr, jr ctMpuMi |Mir nl nrrnnm 

T» eon Un manM y pUw.iiU ttrrr\mui* 
Taa gnto / m mti py U, y Uit Mrmri*, 

Qua k Jm Actm, f»ft«<J/ja, ptwuM, f«ryil«, 

T <l» dwyvcf 1* bwlta, / timmm iH ^tmwtttt 



4m cm* (/3M» <uM«r»«. 
Y^K fnr avM •• yvViMn* 









» 



, /'•* 



• •--#■ 



^ ^ ^ 



*-*'. 



- i^ 









there to tiny niid dlachnrge lUI gItU ralMJoru, ll hml been dia- 
biiaeity ill rlieiii Ilka bniikruptatoniii nwiij' luio tlis wililerueH 
to dvlViiDd Ibolr oauotrf, itielr oredltor, except tosae violent 
Doeuiou (>ucb u poneetilion wui) Ibroi 
intl Uiis win UtB fint orlgiiiitl of muiika In 



" Here they iu the ilenori 
yak, bamu thenuelTW, in 



ekludUui 



Wbat wtmlil hide uul haul, cover and keep wona, ■errsil tham 
for okitboi; not plnciiig (lu llieir succeMura in nlUr-agw) 
mj halluitw in Ibair habit, fulded up in tba >lbetBd fiuhioa 
tberaoC Ai for ibeir food, tbe gnua wm their cloth, the 
graaBd their table, heriw and nwu Ili«ir diet, wild tniiti and 
IrarriDi their itaiiitios, hanger UieSr (uiucs, their noils their 
knivat, ttiair biindi their uiip', the next well their wine-cellart 
but what tbsir bill of fare wanted [q cheer It had in Eiaee, 
their life being ooiuiaiitt; *peut iu prayer, rendlni;, musing, 
aud such like ploua employmentf. They turned taUtarineia 
itaelf into society; and, cleaving tbomtelvea asunder hj the 
divine art of medilatioR, did mnka or ona, tvo or mora, op- 
poting, sniwariug, mudemting iu their own botonu, and bufj 
In ihemwlveJ with variety of heai^nly reoreaClotu. It would 
do one 0>od eren but to think of their goodnew, and, at the 
rebonud and lecond liaiid, to uumIIIuU upon Ihair mailltutiocuj 
for, if ever poverty was tj> ba anviad, it whi hare. Aud I 
appeal to the moderate men of tlieie limes, whaUur, in the 
haighl of these woful war*, they have not loiDetlmea wished 
(not out of jiuasioimte diiianiper, bat icrloas ivcollectlaD of j 
themselves) loiae tuch privnle pluee to retire unto, w 
of Iha miise of this cUmuruus wurbt, Ihey inlgiit have ta 
ttaemcelve*, and <erved (iud with mute quiet." 

XoHt but Ihat heavtHlf FaAtr, iMo abma 
BthM, Ihe Hmsgla </ Uc fieni'l, ak-a 
&a and reaardt Hit tecril ucri^ce. — XVIII. p. 1 



NOTES TO RODERICK. 357 



Amfered — XVIIL p. 181. 

** Per idem tempos dlTinsB memorie Sinderedus urbis Begin 
Metropolitanns Episcopos sanctimonisB studio claret; atque 
longKToe et merito honorabiles yiros quos in suprufata sibi 
oommisss Ecclesia repetit, non secundum scientiam zelo sancti- 
tatis stimulat, atque instiuctu jam dicti Witizas Principis eos 
tub ejus tempore couvexare uon cessat ; qui et post modicum 
ineorsus Arabum expavescens, nou ut pastor, sed ut mercena- 
riiis, Christi oves contra decreta majorum deferens, Romans 
patiUB tese adyentat.** — liid. PacentU^ £apa%a SaffradiM, t, viii. 
p. 298. 

** E ass! como el Ar^obispo fue cierto de la mala andan^a 
pwtlo de Cordova; y nunca cesso de andar dia ni noche fasta 
que llego 4 Toledo ; y no embargante que el era hombre de 
buena rida, no se quiso mostrar por tal como deyiera ser, y 
mfrir antes martyrio por amor de Jesu Christo y esfor^ar los 
suyoe, porque se defendiessen, y que las gentes no de^amparas- 
Mnlatierra; ca su intencion fue de ser confessor antes que 
martyr.** — Oar. del K, D, Bodrigo, p. 2, c. 48. 



While the Church 
Ketp$ in her annaU the destrttr's tuimty 
Butfrtjm the urvke^ which with daUy zeal 
Devout her ancient prdacy recalls^ 
Blots itf untcorthy to partake her prayers. 

XVIII. p. 181. 

" Je ue serois pas en grande peine/* says Pierre ile Marca, 
^ de rechercher les noms des Evesques des Beurn, si ]a snincte et 
looable pratique des anciens Peres d'inserer dans les Diptyches, 
et cayers sacr^ de chascune Kglise, les noms des Kvesques 
orthodoxes, et qui estoieut deced^s dans la counnunion de 
TEglise Catholique, eust est^ continu^e jusqu'aux dcrniers 
siecles. £t je pounrois me servir en cette rencontre <lu moyen 
que PEmpereur Justinian et le cinquiesme Concile General 
employerent, pour s^avoir si Theodore Kvesque de Mopsuestie 
wtoit reconnu apres sa mort pour Evcsque de rKglise qu*il 
%rQit potsed^ durant sa Tie. Car ils ordonnerent k rKvesquf. 



858 SODTHIiY'S POl 

M m Cl«rgd de ceuo vill«, da moii lia DIptycbM da ttm 
EjtliK, at ila tnpporter fldottcmml co qu'lli y irouvcroianC. Ca 
iju'ajuLt flxeifut^ diliKanuneiiEf Ht flreut nippurl qa^iiprvi sTafr 
TiwiUaM qusire divxn i-xyeni «i |HLrolieiuiu, qui ulvieut l«ai. _ 
Diptyohsi, lb y ■vo[snt Uvart la noni do toiu !•• GvatqAM^f 
M ilcge I bonml* qn'on In plaoa da Tta«odoi«, avoli «aU n ' 
tut la acan da OyriUc, qui eatoil la VUriardia d'Alax* 
leqtuil pnaidiuit ua CoucUe iJ'EpbcM uvoU a 
da Nuloriu* ct ile Tlioodore ill Mi>iisu»tie. D'ub il tiport qas 
l«a noma <le loui le* FTrrgiim ilimiiin I'nrijrinit nf I'mtaliliMil 
meat da ahucuoe dg> Egliie* «Btoleut BiireeuiTC& dam !«■ 
Mj'en qu« Ton ngipelloit Ulplychcs, otque i'oii leu reciialt um 
pir itniD cii laar lieu, pcndniit 1* catabnirkni do In Llloigla, M 
pour leunoigner lu cuulliiuutiou da )■ conunuiilao ■ 
Eviuqura decoil^ 4uc Tod »oit ead a' 
qu'iiflu da prucurar far lea piiarw publiqu», i 
do Sacfid<« oou Hngloiil, en la otlotirsUau du quel ib eiloiaM 
laMrmmandfa k Dien, inlvgiit I'ordonnBnce d«i Apnatrea, no 
gnnd prafil, Mulaxtimauc. at ralVaiehiHeiDent poor leura unm, 
eomine eua«ij;iient Cjrrille de Hiaruwlem, CbrjtMtuiug, et Kpi- 
ptuwe-" — BMiin de AwirK, 1. Iv. «. S, 4 1' 

" Soma time bafore tbej mode obluion fbr tha deitd. It wai 
onuU In wime ugm to nc'il* tba munst oT >uch eminent binh- 
Op* or ihIuU or iiwrtyn «i were purl Ion lurly lo be menlioned 
In Ihb pnrt uf the nnrice. To Ui» purpnM Ibef tiKd oorlaln 
booht, wliicli ilifly ealled (heir Holjr Booka, ntiil oommonlir 
their Diplgiht, rram their benijc fotded togrther, vherain Ui* 
■umea Oif auoli persODB were written, I bat tlia ilencjn mlgbl 
rahenfM tluun m occuiuii nqulrad in tlu liiua of di«iin: ttr- 
vine. CunliiiBl Boos nod Sehebtmle nuke tlinm ujrtt of 
IhsM lUpljirit, — one wliemiD tlia nnmetuf biibopt onl; waie 
mittan, and toore pnrtlcaUriy soah bUbop at lud beau go- 
toruon of ibol particular obnrata I ateaauiliWliernluUioiianM* 
tt the llTiiig wen Hrillaii, wbu (rare ammant aiiil ouwjhuuom 
ellher fbr any otRcA aoddi^ty, or iiouia beiielaclion a&ii good 
work, wliemby lliajr had dexerred well of the elinroh |iti Lhla 
nnh wara iIm patrlarclu and blibopi of pwl u«, and lh« 
blahap flud clergy of that portioniar cbutcb, laenilier oltb 



NOTES TO RODERICK. 359 

tmoDg the people); the third was the book containing the 
nmmes of such as were deceased in Catholic communion. 
These, therefore, were of use, partly to preserve the memory 
of toch eminent men as were dead in the communion of the 
church, and partly to make honorable mention of such general 
eovmcils as had established the chief articles of the faith. And 
*/o erase the names either of men or councilft out of these 
D^iigclu^ was the same thing as to declare that they were hete- 
rodox, and such as they thought unworthy to hold communion 
with, as criminals, or some way deviating from the faith. 
Upon this account, St. Cyprian ordered tlie name of Geminius 
Victor to be left out among those that were commemorntcd at 
the holy table, because he had broken the rules of the church. 
And Evagrius observes of Theodorus, Bishop of Mopsuestia, 
that his name was struck out of the Holy Books, — that is, 
the Diptychs^ — upon the account of his heretical opinions, 
after death. And St. Austin, speaking of Caeciruui, Bishop of 
Carthage, whom the Donatists falsely accused of being ordained 
by TradiUireSy or men who had delivered up tlie Bible to be 
burned in the times of persecution, tells them, that, if they 
could make good any real charge against him, they would no 
longer name him among the rest of the bishops, whom they 
believed to be faithful and innocent, at the altnr." — Bingham^ 
b. XV. c 8, ^ 17. 



The relics and the wrttttn works of SointSy 
Toledo^ s choictst treasure^ prized btyond 
AU wealthy their living and their dtnd remains . 
These to the mountain ftistnessts he Inrre 
Of unsubdued Cantabria^ there dejxntd, 
One day to be the boast of yet unbuilt 
OtiedOf and the dear idolatry 
Of multitudes unborn. — XWIU. pp. 181, 182. 

•* Among those,** says Morales, " who then pa.«*sC(l from To- 
ledo to Asturias, was the Archbishop of Toledo, named Urban. 
He, with a holy foresight, collected the sacred relics which he 
oonld, and the most precious books of his own church and of 
otiien, determining to carry them all to the Asturias, in order 



OLTIIEK a POKMS. 



D toH-le 



I b« {imriuiad oi trcMtd irUli U 



r the H0I7 

Soriplunit utid of tbe Moloiinticiil ofllcei, und ihe wurkt 
ef our hoi; docMrs, mighi not be IchI. Atiil, althnugU muijr 
lallunn menlioned which liui «nihbliliop then ciurlotl froni 
Tctedo, a>p«cUI roenCioa li made of « holy nrk lUU of manj 
and muit r«ni>rkiili1e reliu, whleh, thrrunh dWea ehanc** mnd 
duipin, hnd bmii bmughl fnim jBriiinUiii tu Toledo, uiil of 
whlbj nil (hat U flttlnfi ulinll be nlnUitl iu lit (''■<»> il*il plvo* 
Ood Ihtit Ihia hiiloty should prooMd. It Is nlM cipm>i]i uld, 
tfant Ihs cDpc vtalch Ouc Lady gn-tt to St. lidtroaHi was than 
gwried lu Iha Aitoriiu with (lie other rellcai mid, belns ■■> 
wpllal ■ relic, il wni h wonhy Ililng to write of it Ihuii pu> 
tfonlarlf. Of the ucred book* nhioL irero utciI ki thai tin*, 
there Dm ipeoified the Holy Scriptarei, the Counoili, tba 
woric* of tit. Itidore ami &U tlJoroiuo, and of St.'Jiiliaa, 
the Arehbiabnii of Toledo. And lu there ii at thit day In Ih* 
ohnroh of Ovieilo thM holy ark, together with tnauy atliert of 
the rel)<» which wnra than removed, *a ilo I verily beUev* 
thU there ore In the Ilbmry of that oharoh three or Kmr bMln 
of those whloh wcm than broughl fnm Toledo. 1 am led t« 
tUi heller hy «Mlng Ihul Ihsy are written tn a form of Golhle 
btUin, which, being eoiepnreil with writinpsix hundred yun 
old, are wllhnut iloiibl macb 'dder, and of ohanwler* no <UnT> 
•nt that thoy mny well be nttrlbated to the timet of the 
Oothi. One i> the vohimeiir the Couaallii Baother »a Sua- 
Unl; atiolher contain* the bonk* of St. lu'dore Jt JKUMrii 
Strum, with other worka of other authon. And tlmr* ■(« 
alio Mona leave* oT a Bible. To put Iliewi snnred rellm In 
peeler lecurity, and amid the danger at the Moon, the; bhl 
Htmio in ■ cnve, nnd in a aort of deep pit tlioreiii, two longtui 
from the city oF Oriedo (which wa> nut at tlml i!nu imiU), in 
■ mounbilR, which wi« for tlii* reaKm railed Monlraacro. Il 
Il now, by a ■light oorrDptlon, oDlletl UonMuro; and the people 
of that eonnirir hohl On eavo in great veneration, nnd a peat 
mnory, or pilgriina(e, la made on St. Uaplalea'i Day." — 
M/mla, I. Kil. e. Tl. 



NOTES TO RODERICK. 361 

knd of A^tnims there was a sierm, fall freat, &ad bi^ the 
which had only two entnince*-, after this muuner: On the one 
entrance there wa» a great river, w hich wu> tu be posAted seTen 
thneg; and io Doue of those .-eve:i J>lace^ 'wus it furJable at auy 
time, except in the monrh c«f .1u!y. And, :Lfter the river had 
bcten cn>^^ed seven tiroes there was an anrent of a long league 
ap a higli moiUitain, which ia> full of maijv great trees and 
great Ihicketi^, wherein are muiiv wild bea^t^, i^uch as bears 
aod bears ajtU woive^; and there i- a pas* there between two 
rocks, which ten men might derfUii against the whole world; 
and this is the one entrance. Ihe other is, that vou must 
ascend this great mountain by a path of two full leagues in 
ksngtli. on the one side havn»g always the river, and the way 
so narrow that one man mu^: go beiure another; and one man 
can defend the path in such manner that no arbalist nor 
engine of other kind, nor any other thing, can hurt him, not if 
the whole world were to come again^t him. And, if any one 
were to stumble upon tlli^ path, he would fall more than two 
thousand fatiioms, down over rocks into the river, which lies 
at such a depth that the water ap{»ears blacker than pitch. 
And upon that mountain there is a goml spring, and a plain 
where there are gocKl mea<lows, and nxmi enwugh to raise 
grain for eight or ten per>ons for a year; and the snow is al- 
ways there for comjiany, enduring fr(»m one year to another. 
And upon that mountain the arcl]bi>h<>]) nia<le two churches, — 
one to the honor of St. Man;* Magilaien, and the other to the 
b<Hiar of St. Michael; and there he placed all the>e relics, 
where he had ik> fear that any should take them: and, for the 
honor of these relics, the archl.»i>hoj» con-«ecr:ite.l the whole 
mountain, and appointed gocnl guard over the sacred relics, 
and lef^ there three men of go<»d life, who were willing to 
remain there, servuig God, and doing penance for their sin<i." — 
1*. 2, c. 48. 

Of the Camara Santa, Morales has given a curious account 
in his journal. The substance, with other remarkable circtun- 
stances, he afterwards thus inserted in his great hi««tory: — 

•* The other church (or chapel) which King Alonso el Casto 
ordered to be built on the south side of the Igle>ia Mayor (or 
mthedral), was with the iflvocation of the clorious An-hangel 



ui 



SOUTHf^V'S POEMS. 



St. Uliliul; mid, ill cir<I«r Hint ho miglK clevMe it, b* pUMd 
Bndorll wiollier obnrcb oTtbc Virgin and Marlvr St. I.e<>ciulte, 
•Mnewbat low, huiI vuulloJ wlcli n ttroiig trrh, xo raijpon Um 
gnni wtight whlcli v,-n> lo lie Iiii>l upon it. Tlie kii<g'i nioUT* 
ttiriiiiu«1*v*tlngUiIi Cburchof St. Ulcho*!, I belliivo e«iinin1* 
U> bsTfl l-Mci becnuu of the grenr hnmlrlily of (lial land, fill 
bad dsterminnd fo plRM iu lliii ehuioh tbo fhmoua r«lic* ol 
which no ihiill|ire»niIyEpOHk; uidtliobuniidityoTlbore 
b(0 {ml, Hint, oven Id rammer, the fumlTum at Iba h 
en high grnund It eoTdrcd with inonlil. I'tila rell(p(nu p 
rnled UiB ohoreb with beonrainic rurolgtii 
] bctur prvivrvBtloD of )ha prcclun 
whiob wu tborvln ID bo Uopoiiled. For tlila Twwn atf 
sail it CuTUm (Ibc eInUDbcr); and, for tlin muiiv and great 
nlica whioh il cuntHtiw, It ItM Riml ilesurTRllir Ilis B|i)>ellition 
irf Holy. Yo" B«c«tid to it by a fllgljl of twouty-two 'Ivp*! 
whioll bojpn in tlie erou of tbs I^eala Uayor [or onthcdnlj, 
Mid lead lo a laaltod ■{HLTtmcnl tvoaty (tot tqimro, wber* 
tlura la an altar, upon which Man In tnld; Ibr, hIUiIk, th«r< 

•DM ihown lo Mt great a •ancluaryg aud it may 

K. D, Alanio Intended in bit plim that thsre >hon)d be a 

vithin. In tbliaparlment or outer cbapol 1< a 

dour, with B rery tlraiig liwMnlne; It lenda to nnMbar *i 

tqmn chamber, *aulle>l nbo, dltb > iquiire door, whiel) ^ 

b Aulened with another utreng hutenlngi nnd tIio( 

tbiteningi and koyt which the BIthap tinnpyro (u 

their ilrengtli luid tecnrliy. 

■■ Tha aqaara diWrr b the door "f Uifl Holy Cliainl 
il In the (brm of a eumpleta oborch, and you dooeud to It by 
Iwelre .top". Tlio body o( Hdi ohofeli li tweniy-foor feet In 
length, and aixteen in width. Its arched roof b of tha Mine 
dluaiwioiu. Tlia roof i> lomt liclily i«rDiight,and lupporlwl 
apon sis oolnmn* of diren kind* of mulila, oil prvclotu, and 
rt^t bvnaiifnl, npon which the Iwilre apwtlot nro tenlptnnHl, 
two and Iwo. Tbo ground la laid with mouio work, with 
variety of oojunuit, reprananling jDsp«r>riire. The fiiihop 
fiampyro hail good reaar n (o complidn of the darknesi of Ihit 
thorch, wliii^h ba* only on* imnil window In the upper port 



NOTES TO BODERTCK. 369 

of the chapel; and therefore, in this which we call the bodj of 
the church, there are commonly three silrer lamps burning, 
the one in the middle larger than the otiier two; and many 
other lights are kindled when the relics are shown. These are 
kept within a grating, which diyides the chapel from the 
church. Thechi4>el has two rich marbles at the entrance: it 
it eighteen feet in length, and its width somewhat less. The 
floor and the roof are after the same fashion as those of the 
church; but it is one esiado lower, which in those times seems 
to have been customary in Astnrias and in Gallicia, the Capil- 
las Mayores, or principal chapels, being much lower than the 
l>ody of the church. The roof of the chapel is plain, and has 
painted in the middle our Saviour in the miilst of the four 
erangelists ; and this performance is so ancient, that it is mani- 
festly of the age of the founder. At this iron grating strangers 
are usually detained : there is a lower one within, of wood, to 
which persons are admitted who deserve this privilege for 
their dignity; and few there be who enter farther. This 
church the king built to remove to it, as accordingly he forth- 
with removed, the Holy Ark, the holy bodies, and the other 
great relics, which, at the destruction of Spain, were hidden 
in the cave and well of Monsagro; and for this cause he had 
it built with so much care, and so richly, and with such se- 
curity 

" I have described the Camara Santa thus particularly, that 
what I may say of the most precious relics which it contains 
may be the better enjoyed. I will particularize the most 
principal of them, beginning with the Holy Ark, which, with 
great reason, has deserved this name. It is in the midst of 
the chapel, close to the wooden grate, so that you can only go 
round it on three sides ; and it is placed upon a stone pedestal, 
wrought with mouldings of a palm in height. It is a vara and 
a half (about five feet) in length, little less than a vara wide, 
and about as deep, — that part which is of silver not including 
the height which the pedestal gives it. The cover is flat; and 
it is covered in all parts with silver plates of some thickness, 
and gilt on some places. In the front, or that side which fh>ntt 
the body of the church, it has the twelve apostles, in more than 
half-relief; and on the sides there are histories of Our Lady, Id 



36i 80IITHl!:i'*d FOESU. 

the eame lilTer nork. Ou llie Snl pnrC uf th* vorcr t1i«n In ■ 
lu^ crnoiflx eiigraTed, with tanny oilier iiuiiKvi n)Bii<I mbont 
lu The tldei are elnboralelv vrroaeht ititli fuliigv, kid the 
wbols dUplujt great uiLiqullf. Tb« coTer hiu round obost 
ll foBT linK ID Che tiller; tvbicb, kowever, are itaporfect, Iba 
lilrer being wnutiiig In (omB pluces. ft'hnl Ihej torlain 1) 
Ihii, U I llnTB ooptnl it raitbrulljr, with ilibul Latin, niul olhar 
(aulU: — 

** ' Oronis coiivenliu popnli Deo dignu oalhoUd eognoMwt. 
quomin liicljlnt isneratar raliqniu, Intro pnliMluUna ptB- 
wnli* arolislnlern. Hoc est de Ugna plnriiuuni, tite d( crae* 
Domini, lie futlmentisillias, quod per •orlem diiitnm eM. 
I>« pui« delect^ili Unde in cena tutu ul. D* ftiudona Do- 
minico i^un adque lodBrio et cniare MUcUailmo. l)a tons 



, pli. c 



Do t 



nulrix ejut Virginii MHrin. De Inole quoqua (tjns. quwl nul- 
lum »t nilnibile, lilt pnnter caiiJaDola luiit qimdam wiielv- 
ram inaximo pr«tiiiii« rollquin, quorum proat potuimiu, 
b«c nnmltui mbiBriptiinu*. Uoo eit de Eincto I'Mro, da 
Saiictn Thimia, Saocti Bartolonwi. Deoislbui Praplictunin, 
■la omnibus Apoatolit, et de alUs quam pluiimii aanctif, quo- 
rum nomlna sola Dai EcientJii eoUlgiL Bi> onniibtu egngtna 
RsK Aderaniu humlli dCTOtione perditna fecit hoe rciwplaiiu- 
lum, eiiucloram plguorlbus ioaignitnm, orgeiilo ileal 
extBrini adomatnin non Tillboa operibus: per quoi] p 
vlMm meroMnr couaorlinm illonim in cieleHlbat > 
jubnri pnoibOB. Hnc qnidem toluti et re — [ben 
piece of tho «ilver la gone]. — Narit omnlt prorintln Id 
tfna dnblo. — [lUre Ihtr* li auolber great ohasm.) — Xmmh 
at Indutria derlamm et pnesnluin, qoi proptar buc oouvmil' 
mtu earn dioto Ailclbnw Frlnoipe, et cum germuia lawliialma 
Dmuw noniinn dletai qnibna BedemptDr omDiam eoucMtit _ 
indnlgaatlain et •noram peccatorum Tcniam, per boe ai 
nun pignora Apoatblorvia fli Sanoti Jiistl at Paaloria, 
•t DumUlii, Suialin VirgiDie, el Uutiml, Ggrmanl, I 
PanUbonli, Cyphunl « JusrlnH, S^bnctianl, FaeuuU et Pi 
UtI, Obfislephorl, Cacarati, Follcb, Solpleii.' 

" Tbii iuicrlpllon, witfa ila bad Lalln, and other dslMi, mi 
b; reMon of the porta thnt are lotl, oan ill b« ti 



NOTES TO RODERICK. 365 

Herertbelew, I shall lender it, in order that it may be ei^joved 
by alL It says thos: ' Know all the congregation of Catholic 
people, worthy of God, whose the fiunous relics are, which 
they Tenerate within the most precioas sides of this ark. 
Know, then, that herein is great part of the wood or cross of 
our Lord; of his garment for which they cast lots; of the 
blessed bread whereof he ate at the sapper; of his linen, of 
the holy handkerchief (the Sadario), and of his most holy 
blood; of the holy groand which he then trod with his holy 
feet; of the garments of his mother the Virgin Mary, ahd 
also of her mUk, which is a great wonder. With these also 
there are many capital relics of saints, whose names we shall 
write here as we can, — St. Peter, St. Thomas, St. Bartholo- 
mew; bones of the prophets, and of all the apostles, and of 
many other saints whose names are known only to the wisdom 
of God. The noble King Don Alonso, being fall of humble 
deTOtion for all these holy relics, made this repository', adorned 
and ennobled with pledges of the saints, and on the outside 
ooTered with silver, and ^Ided with no little cunning ; for 
the which may he deserve, after this life, the company of 
these saints in heaven, being aided by their intercession! 
These holy relics were placed here by the care and by the 
hands of many clergy and prelates, who were here assembled 
with the said King D. Alonso, and with his chosen sister, 
called Donna Urracu. To whom may the Redeemer of all 
grant remission and pardon of their sins, for the reverence and 
rich reliquary which they made for the said relics of the 
apostles, and for those of the saints, St. Justus and Pastor, 
St. Cosine and St. Damian, St. Eulalia the Virgin; and of the 
saints, Maxiraus, Germanus, Baudilus, Pantalcon, Cyprianus 
and Jastina, Sebastian, Facundus and Primitivus, Christopher, 
Cvcafatus, Felix and Sulpicius ! * 

** The sum of the manner in which this Holy Ariv came into 
Spain is this, conformably to what is written by uU uur gnive 
authors. When Cosroes, the King of Persia, in the time of 
the Emperor Heraclius, came upon the Holy Land, and took the 
oity of Jerusalem, the bishop of that city, who was called 
Philip, and his clergy, with pious forethought secreted the 
Boly Ark, which, from the time of the apostles, had been 



kapl there, and 11* flores angmanled with n«w reSo*, which 
ware deposited therein. After tbe Ticlcn7 or OoiTdh, iIm 
Biibop Pbilip. witli mBriy of his clergy, p«»sd iiitu AfHea, 
onrTjlDg with them the Holy Ark; snd Ibere tl rnmiiiMd 
Kline yean, till the Sarncens entered into Ihat prorloM iliui 
and than Falgeniioi, the Bishop of Raipina, Kilb provLdenCB 
like that which hui mnda Philip bring it to AMci^ lemored tl 
into Spnln. Thn» it came to the Holy Chnrch of Toledo, and 
wru from thence rpmoved to Aslurisi, and bidden ta the care 
of MoiuugTO. Finally, King D. Alonio el Ciuto iremored it to 
the Oamim SuiIh: nod allerwnrdi K. D. Alonto the Gnu 
•ariched iU That oni historiet writsi and tbe ume Is read In 
the leaoni on the l^tiviil which the ahnrch of Oviedo csle- 
bmiM of Ih* coming there of this Holy Art. with a »or- 
mnn proper for the day, and rnnch tolemnity, the tonriM 
bung Hud on the lllh of March, after vetpera, above in Ihe 
Cbnroh of the Cnmiini Sunln. Thli \t a most weigbly te>tl> 
many which the Holy Ark poaseuej of its own atithentloltj 
■ad of tbe genoineniua of the mott greni cnunre which ic 
oontninn. Tbeee alM an ilroiig Tetllmoniei tbst K. D. AlonMi 
the Great ahonld not only have made the ark to ricli, but that 
Ail king ehould alw tuve fortiUed the oily of Oriedo, tar- 
nanding it with wallf, and making for it a fnstlf.und building 
alio the Oaitle of Ginioii opon the •bore, for the defence and 
teotirity of this holy treamre, and for unolher end, as he left 
written upon the alone of which we hare nUewhero fpoken. 
Another tntimony of great anlhority ia the great reveivnca 
wbiob has l>een shown to thia Holy Ark, IVom the time wbloh 
ia tpoken of by Alonto Ihe Oreal in the iiucriptiou, lo Ifaeu 
iiur dayi. This is u great that no one has dared lO open fl, 
■nelnncholy eiamplet being related of some daring allempta 
which bare been made. That wbiob ooctitred in our days I* 
not monniTal, but rather of mneb deToIion and lioly joy. Th* 
most lllnatriont SaCor V, ChristoTal de Ri^u y Saiidoral, wbt 
ii DOW Ihe most worthy Archbishup of Serllle, yrhra be waa 
Biibop of Oveido, determintd lo open tbe Holy Ark. for 
thia, as the ilngtilar denitSon and meet holy leal for the gintjr 
oT Ood which he ha« in all thing* admonished liin, lie mada 
•noh pious prepsiatlaiia ai the fane of bo oeleBtiat a trvatnr* 



NOTES TO BODEBICK. 367 

■bowed to be Decessary. He proolaimed solemnly a fast of 
forty days in his church and through all his diocese, command 
ing that prayers should be m^de to our Lord, beseeching him 
that he would be pleased with what was intended, his most> 
illnstriousness giving the example, which is very common and 
Tery edifying in his church, in himself, and in the ministers 
thereof. Three days before the Sunday on which the ark 
was to be opened, he ordered all persons to fast, and to make 
greater prayers with processions. When the day arrived, he 
said pontifical Mass, and preached, infusing with his holy ex- 
hortations much of his own dcTout desires into the hearts of 
the hearers. The Mass being finished, clad as he was, he 
Mcended to the Camara Santa with much outward solemni- 
ty, and with much fervor of devotion internally in his heart; 
and having there again renewed his humble prayers to our 
Lord, and quickened the ardor of that sacred desire which had 
influenced him, on his knees as he was before the Holy Ark, 
he took the key to open it At the moment when he stretched 
out his hand to put the key in the lock, suddenly he felt such 
horror and dismay, and found himself so bereft of all power {tan 
iaqfombiUiado) to move it in any way, that it was impossible 
for him to proceed, or do any thing but remain in that holy 
consternation, without having strength or ability for more. 
And as if he had come there to oppose and prevent that which 
purposely, and with so much desire and preparation, he had 
intended to do, he desisted from his intent, and gave it up ; his 
whole holy desire being turned into a chill of humble shrink- 
ing and fear. Among other things which his most illustrious 
lordship relates of what he then fult, he says that his hair 
stood up in such a manner, and with such force, that it f^eemed 
to him as if it lifted the mitre a considerable wav from his 
head. Now, we all know that this famous prelate has vigor 
and perMTering courage for all the great things which he 
undertakes in the service of our Lord ; but in this manner the 
Holy Ark remained unopened then, and thus I believe it will 
always remain, fastened more surely with veneration and reve- 
rence, and with respect of these examples, than with the strong 
lolt of its lock. 

" In the inscription of this Holy Ark, mention is made of the 



366 



aOCTHET's 1 



Kiloa of hu Baudilas; and, bj reuon Ihu be it 

llctla knoirii, it will be proper lo lajr toroetUliig of him. 

■ftlnt l« muDh rervrancad tn SakinuiCBi uid in 

19 both citiet he hna » pvoohikl church; and in Ztaon tl 

fante » good pnrt of his reliu. Tbtj baio to an 

iho nnme, enlllJig bin St. Bonl, that th« uint is 

** They o( the oburch tay, that the cope of St. IldafoDtoC 
which Our LaJy give him, is iii Ihe u-k. This hmj well t« 
bvllered, lince our good enthon particulnriy ntate [hit it wia 
CBrried to Oriedo with the Holy Arli nnd with Ihe other reties 
and it dofi not dow appear among them; and theie ia muo' 
mora reaaon to think that it hai t>cen veij carerully f 
away, than that IE has been lost. Also Ihey (ay, that, wbl 
Ihe celeitiat cope «iu pat into the Holy Ark, they took oi 
il the piece of Iho Holy Sudario, in which the head aim 
Bodeemer wu vmpped ap for hit intennent, u it lud in the 
iiisoriptian oC the ark. Tbia ie one of the moit Guoooa nlica 
in all CbrisIeudoDi j and therelbn it i> mod richly sdomeil 
and reTerently preurred, being shown only tbree timea Id U 
year witli the grcnleat aolanuiily. The box In whii ' 
il WRingbt wlUiont at gold and aiuie. with benni 
i:ign and plotunt, and other ornamenta ot inuet 
WiUiin this ttiere i» a tqaan piece of wood, uuvei 
with blank valret, with lilver bandlet, and ellier 
of lilver ronnd about: iu Ihe holluw of this tqanre the fl 
Suilario ii itretohed and haiened upon the vet*c 
llneu cloth, tbree-qnarten long end half a van 
many placea fOU of the divine blood from the head of oj 
Redeemer, in diven (omu and stsio* of variiina 
In tome penona otiMrre markvof Ihn divine cot 
other particnlaritiea. 1 did not perceivo this; b 
which came upon roe when I looked at It l> auftclenl lo 
me beliflre any thing of it. And if a wretch like me wa 
affected, wbat iniut !t be with thoee who deierve of <m 
grcalar regnlemenCa on luch an occnilonl It hi eshtUt^ 
to the people three timet In the year, — on Good Friday, and ti 
the two Festiralt of the Croaa in May and In Sepleraber; i 
ihere it then a great conooarae from ail the country ai 




S01ZS TO XOBIZKX. ZG9 

Thv psrt of 1ii» croB of tbe cfasrcb -vrbeie tbe 
i&, is xacLhr Inmg; and. in the &ie Bparanait 
a cxKridor j» erocted far ihifr esJiiuitiui^ viiha} 
'dmt aaj w'nh cnrtux» of biiftck veivet, aiic t caxiop* 
o««r "die TenuidB&. Ttie tiiKhn^. ii. Iibf jiuirtificuifc 
irizii Is iiipiiiiili md otiiar grevc: perviiiiE. piauw iimisel' 
iwMn i ibp eixrxuw 'vitk tbe Hoh- Sndaricj. iinidui^ i: Inr tfaa 
«h>er famiUefi. cc<verBd with a v«IL Tbe curituw an undruvii 
'&r cboriffteiY beiov immediateiT bepL tbe Miaerere 
baAioi' hht- the Teil: and. ox tbe fiifrb': uf tbe B(>':t- Suda- 
switber muf^ic befriuf of tbe Tuioef of tbe peojik. cieephr 
vjti: onrutioi;. ▼bicfa 'veriir |iei*emiK» uL beans. 
Tie biafaD|' «rtaxjd» rame tizDt, tnniiiig tbe fiucrec reiir to aB 
^: and mfbeiaaid&. tbe ^vci] beinf repuioec and tbe cnmuza 
be rei^oef^ tbe Hd'it bntmriC' iij itt bos.. With aU 
•olemiitiefi^ the tbtj iliiwtrionf anc idik: le^a nB u d 
M. II. Gonzaio de BoioxxiuiL. liisbn}> uf Oriedu, €ad&> 
Mad liuF holr relic oc the dar uf Samiu|r(.. il tbe rear of oar 
BtdaBBBT 1S72. ID ordflT that ] might L*etir h more ctnapikeat 
rehEboD oT the irhokr tu tbe kiiif our ttirc ] btiviiip u: that 

Annther cheflci, witb a ctvveriiif of cnni>ui: unu uroeade, 
a ptou qnantitr of houeEu aud nomf- iiiece^ of u head, 
ahhnoidi- ther an- verr dimi|i. bnrt i. njurt: p«i-t»et odor; 
1h» aL we who weie present peroeivt- c t'imjl tbev were 
watu aud we spuke of i: m- of l umuDle uhl marrelioiis 
thni^ The aoconn: which titer of tbe cburci. {T've of thi» 
hohr liodT &. that it i» tixux of bt. herruuo. irittiou: LiiOw-iii|; 
■or thiqi; man of it. 1. coiwiaferinf tiie pnsa: uuxupiift>r oi liie 
aaerad bcmeb. belienre cenuiuir thai it v-u^ bn)upi: u] ti' 
tbe Ganumt ft an la from tbe Churdi of Leucudiu, v'tiicu at- ix 
hm basD ««eii. » nuucmieati it. Aud ttjerb. ic tue ultar. tlie 
abme diofn ii> empty ui wiiich Kinp Aiiiiifc- e. Covto 
nuixir reliob. at tiie fiisiio}: kum}n'n> vnies. For 
(If. I have aiwnvF faeid for oerujii.. tuut tlH: Uinv of bt. 
liWrMilia » that whicL if^ iti ^if nci cije«t. And m tiiis 
apmioD 1 am the isore confirmee giii"* tm yvnr ir>H-. witen 
eBcfa otqnistte dihg^mce bu!> iieei. u<^i t<r rnir Suunmrdf xl 
of bi. Gi4leiii;. itear ^•>!j> uc Henai ii Fiuuf 
vciL. IX. 1:1; 



870 



SOL'TUEir'S POEliS. 






wily wlielher Uib body of St. LeocuUii, wliiuh Uisy hsn 
ir suinL Tha retult bu been, lliit it w» 
id beyoDd oil donbt to be tbe inme, line* bd lutliea 
Qo writing wa* routid of lbs pcnon who carried it Iblthtr by 
(kTaroToiieoroiirau'liMt kiagt; lUid b* ctnied llfiuia UiImIo 
wllbout diBpnte ; bsciuH, aoconling to my rcaeMnlim, it i* 
MitiUn tbnt it wiu then. Now, 1 ntniin Ibal tbe king itb» 
gan pun left pail al»; and Deitber it Cbul vibieb la lliorVH 
mucli lli]it wliul waiaiT at OTledo migliC uol well baie b 
laA, nellber is iliis lo much bat tbnl wblcb i> i 
well bavB heaa giien. 

"Id lb* cburcli below. In ■ bollow tnuds fbi 
villi gntei, and a gnlo well omanieniid, i* we of the n 
which our Kedecmer Jeiiu Cliriil niled witli miiaGulou* « 
at tbe muTiagc io tialilee. ll I< of white marbli 
faahion, mocs thui three feat blgb, and two wide al tbe m 
and ooataliu mnre ihiin ^s atmtat. And foraimuch u 
In tbe wall of ibe CUurcb ot K. Alouu) •! Ca«io, and n 
«oA about it i« very aucluit, It may lie liclletBd llml tlii 
king ordered il to be {diintd tberv." — Ginnufa GmtralJ^j. 
Opana, I xM. b. 40. 

Uoiklea givei aa outline of ihii veibDl In liii Joanutl, ■ 
obxTvet, that, iTlhe Cliriallant tnuuporied II by bmd, pi 
lur itreiigtb, uid the aid of Oud, w»uld lure ti 
10 carry It co mauy leaguai, and mure It o*i 
matintaini of Eiirapa. "But," be addi, "il night hare oi 
by wNici rn>m Aodnliuli or TariugiJi and. In ' ' 
would bava been a land journey of only tour or 
In hi* Journal, Uomlta mmliuni eertalu otiier m 
the Oburoh of Uviedo bo«it«d, bat for which be n^vk 






amid bi 



a portion of foliil'i lish and of StunHHi'i boneyeoisb, « 
Other (Dcb things, " which," ha eaya, " wiinld 1mm 
of tha ark, wliere, acconllng to Ibe Biahop of OrteWrl 
Pelayoi nnd Sebaitlan, Biahop of SnlnmuiCB, they went if 
poeited." Of ihtM pntfioui relln he aoyi ooihing in 1 
biatorfi iieilber dou he mentMm a piece of UoHt' i 
large piece uf St. Barthulomew** (kin. and tbe 
retefa ahoe; all which be enumerstet in bia Journal, li 



XOTES TO BODERICK. 371 

img^ wtAm than expresNng; his dovbts of thsir — tbenticity. 
As a sen^okms mod fmithfiil sotiqiuury, Monlss was aocM 
loawd to reqaire eTideoce, and to inTestigate it; and for thaw 
ha eo«ld find no other testiinooy than tzaditioo and antiq[aityy 
which, as praMunptiTe prools, were strong corroborants of 
fiuth, hot did not soiBce of themselTes. The Holy Ark has 
an the aridence which he reqnired; and the reTerence with 
which ha ngudtd it is cnriously expressed io his JonmaL 
** I hare now,** he sars, ** described the material part of the 
Camara Santa. The spiritual and deroot character which it 
derires from the sacred treasures which it contains, and the 
feaUng which is experienced upon entering it, cannot be da- 
seobed without giriog infinite thanks to our Loni, that he has 
been pleased to suffer a wretch like me to enjoy it. I write 
ttda in the church before the grating; and God knows I am, 
as it were, beside myself with fear and reverence ; and I can 
oolj beseech God to give me strength to proceed with that for 
whidi I haTe not power myself.** — T. 10, ITa^r, p. 91. 

Morales, like Origen, had given in his youth a decisive 
proof of the sincerity of his religious feelings; and it some- 
times seems as if he had emasculated his mind as well as his 
body. But, with all this abject superstition, he was a thorough- 
ly pious and good man. His life is deeply interesting; and his 
writings, besides their great historical and antiquarian value, 
derive additional interest from the picture of the author's mind 
wliich they so frequently display. The portrait prefixed to the 
last edition of his wcvk is singularly characteristic. 



Orary. — X Vin. p. 182. 

** The Council of Laodicea has two canons concerning the 
little habit called the ** Orarinm,** which was a scarf or tippet 
to be worn upon the shoulders, and might be used by bishops, 
prasbytais, and deacons, but not by subdeacons, singers, or 
raadeia, who are expressly debarred the use of it in that conn- 
ciL The first council of Braga speaks of the hmica and the 
orarimm as both belonging to deacons; and the third council 
of Braga orders priests to wear the ararium on both shoulders 
when they ministered at the altar. By which we learn that 



«72 



sodthet's poems. 



the Mfrfco or nqilitf mtt aoimncin to all the clersv, the arartNM 
on the left khoutder |ira[i«r to deiuwiii, nnd on batb •boiiliton 
tlia liiiljiipushiug liadgo of prlwtfc The foDrth couixnl of 
Toleiio U tnmt purlloulu'iiilhiue (Ualinrtionii ftir in uii« oumii 
K My*. Ihu tf 1 biihop. pnubyW, or deneoti, be uiijasily dn- 
gMd«d, and be foand Innocent by a (jntod, ^cet they iball nni 
be wliu Iheyvere bctbre, unlet* tbtj' receive the ilcftn*" ther 
biul l«l rniiD tlix hiuiila of tlie biihuin before tlie nllar. If ba 
ba ■ biihop, he miut receive hit omriuin, hia ring, nnd hli 
riim Htid plnnttn: 



t oraiivm nnd alba. , 



Wbsn 






«n, nnJ that upon lii 
B, rI<o. the renwiti of tiie 



>l the deft, 
t ahouliler, 



in lb« eeoluiutteal ume ob on 
Mumon ncMpintion, it lignlSu 
te wipe Ihe rneo, uiil lo cmun a 



Tom pniylnji; though, hi 
ire thin an houdheruhiar 
ill mhieh eignlflcktion il 
!■ sumeUnieR qmiiI hw (it. AinlAr»e tu»[ St AiuEin, u wall ■> 
by Che o[r( Romiiti nathore. Bat here we tike it In the eecl»- 
■lutlenl Mnso tar n uerod habit appropriated to blelu^ 
prlo«t», and doneont. In tha mieronlUe* of dirina «oi " " "*^ 
whieli senie It nppean lo have tieen a habit diatlnoE ti 
of dTil and couimnn DM, by all the anlhoriliM that lmT*U 
meutioned." — Bingham, b. xiii- e. <, t S. 



pTtciaiuor(%»riplirgginli, — S\'Hl. pp. lESl, 163. 
"Uitrtt nius wiliquiuitniu ul, el ^ui triplex eit i 
tma qii«9 pcedma dioitur, quJageuimii el Inpidlbun p 
vd laminl* onreii, vel nrgenteii eonlexla e«ta mlett ■ 
■arlphiTglatB tine gemmli, et lEne lamiala aorei 
•ad vel aliqoibus parrie margoHIt* eompdeita, Tel *x leriee 
albo anro blennlito, vel ex lehi anrai aimjilici sine taminl* el 
nurgnrttii; lertia, qnB timplex vncatar, line aniti, ex limphel 



feela, nibei* Incintl* eau fnuigtii et Titlii pendontlboi. 
mnqne In otBel* dicilar bymnui TV Afwn tvuAinu 



MOTES TO BODE&ICK. 373 

in miSM Gloria m excelsu Deo. Nihilominas in eisdem fintv 
etiam aiiriptaiygiata nti poterit, sed potias ad commoditatem 
qnam ex necwsitate; ne soilioetEpiscopus nimiB gravetar^ si in 
toto officio pretioea utatur: propterea usu receptam est, tarn 
in Veapeiia, quam in Missis, ut pretiosa ntator Episcopus in prin- 
cipio et in fine Vesperanim et Missanun solemnicm, ac eundo 
ad Ecdeeiam, et redeundo ab ea; et quando la vat manos et dat 
benedictionem solemnem. Intermedio antem spatio loco pre- 
tioss accipit auryphrygiatam. Auriphrvgiata mitra utitur 
Episoopas ab Adventu Domini Tisque ad festum KatiTitatis, 
exeepta Dominica tertia Adventus, in qua dicitur Introitus 
GaadtU, ^c, ideoque in sigunm IsBtitie utitur tunc pretiosa. 
Item a Septuagesima usque ad feriam quartam m:\joris hebdo- 
mads indusivd, exeepta Dominica quorta Quadragrainus, in 
qna dicitur Introitus LoBtart^ fc. Item in omnibus vigiliis, 
qu0 jejonantur, et in omnibus quatuor temporibus; in Boga- 
tlonibuB, Litaniis, et processionibus, quss ex causa penitentiss 
ftont; in festo Innocentium, nisi veniat in Dominica; et bene- 
diotiombus, et oonsecrationibus, quse private aguntur. Quibus 
qiddem temporibus abstinet, Episcopus a mitra pretiosa. Po- 
terit tamen Episcopus dum utitur auriplurygiata, uti etiam 
shnplioi eodem modo et forma, prout de pretiosa et auriphry- 
giata dictum est Simplici vero mitra utitur Episcopus feria 
•exta in Parasceve, et in officiis et Missis defunctorum " -^ 
OmrtmomaU Ifiseoporum^ 1. i. c 17. 



ThepaU,.. 
Of wool Uftdyed^ which on the Apoitk^t tomb 
Gregory had laid. ^ X VIU. p. 188. 

** By the way, the pall is a pontifical vestment, considerable 
for the matter, making, and mysteries thereof. For the matter, 
It is made of lamVs wooll and superstition. 1 say of lamb's 
wooll, as it comes from the sheep's back, without any other 
artificiall colour, spun, say some, by a peculiar order of nunnes, 
first oast into the tombe of St Peter, taken from his body, saj 
tthers, surely most sacred if from both ; and superstitiously 
adorned with little black crosses. For the form thereof, the 
breadth exceeded not three fingers: one of our bacheloun* 



874 BODTHEr's POEMB. 

bmbikio boodc in Cambridge would nuke Uma of Ihrai, 
liBTiDg two l&bells biuigiag down itCorv and bahmd, wUek 
Ihs sjcbbUIiopa ouelj, whoa gtuog U tlie alur, pat Bbaat tbtit 
Dseki, above their otltar poatificall orninicati. Thru mjnu- 
TtM were coDclied tbueia: Qnl, HDmiliiy, wliicb bwuliflei 
the clergy Hbove rvll their costly cnpet ; lecoadly, loaactocj, 
to imltnie Umb-like aimplioiciBi imcl, thirdly, ludtuiry, lo 
fidlow him trho fetched hi> wandering theep liome on hii 
■houlden. But, to ipe&k pkinly, the mytiery of royiUriot in 
the pall wu, thai the arohbiibops rooeiviBg it iliened thanin 
their dep«Ddeac6 dd Rome^ and a motA in th^ roanner cerv- 
monlotuly taken woe n euffloient ■ckuowledgemeni of tlieir 
■Dbjeotion. And aa it owned Bome'i power, to In after-agw 
it iDoivaied their profit: (at, tbougb now tucb polli wcra 
Ikvely given to Brobbiihops, wbote placet in Britain for the 
preiDnt were nthBr cambenocue than commodioni, having 
lltUe more tbsu thair piiiiiea Tor Uiirir laboar, yet, in aFler-agea, 
the Aichbiiliop of Cnntorbuiie'i pnll was told for five thooMDd 
floreue«, ao that th« popo might well bnve the golden Seec« if 
he coold aell all hit lonib'i wool! at that rale. Onely let mc 
•dd, that the nuthor of Canterbury-book atile« (bit p^i ■ Ttn- 
qoam gnuide Clitiili Sncmmeutuin.' It i> well 'Isuqaam' 
euns in to help it, or else we ilunild have hml eight aaoia- 
ownta.-- —FiilUr't Oiirch Hittorg, p. II. 



The pmud arrof 
0/ enwMt, am'tate mu, omSjarttrf, 
Willi oU idiich l.tuagiU fir (yUer-Jmgi 

Lt/l,oilenbaim,o/kUpotl<er.—XVm.p.l^ 

" Poatremum bellam Suovii inlnlit, regnumqug eonuD In 

Jura gantia tUB mii4 oeteriUto tiauimiait. Hlapania magna 

«Z parte potitni, nam nnteu geiu Gothonun acgntlji flulbw 

uclsbaCnr. — Fiaoutn quuqne priuma iite locupletarit, prlmn*- 



■noi regall veats apertui in aoUo reaodit. 
iRia ct Gouaaaiu eommuoli, ut pupuki, 
a. UJor.! iJU. OoOi—fipaKa Sagndt, 



NOTES TO RODERICK. 375 

The &i€M. — XVm. p. 184. 

Ai late u the age of the Philips, the Portugaese were oaDed 
Serosos hj the Castilians, as an opprobrious name. Brito saya^ 
*It was the old word Sneyos continued and corropted, and 
used contemptaoosly, because its origin was forgotten.** — 
Mmarckia LudUmti, 2, 6, 4. 

When the Sneres and Alans overran Spain, they laid siege 
to Lisbon; and the saints Maxima, Julia, and Verissimus (a 
most undoubted personage), being Lisbonians, were applied to 
by their townspeople to deliver them. Accordingly a sickness 
broke out in the besiegers^ camp, and they agreed to depart 
upon pajrment of a sum of money. Bernardo de Brito com- 
pUuns that Blondus and Sabellicus, in their account of this 
transaction, have been so careless as to mention the money, 
and omit the inTocation of the saints. — Ibid, 2, 6, 28. 



Lcfrd God of Bbits, &c. — XVIII. p. 187. 

The substance of these prayers will be found in the forms 
of coronation observed by the Anglo-Saxons, and in the early 
ages of the French monarchy. I am indebted for them to 
Turner's most valuable ^ History of the Anglo-Saxons,** and 
to Mr. Lingard*s ^ Antiquities of the Anglo-Saxon Church,*' a 
work not more full of erudition than it is of Romish sophistry 
and misrepresentation. 



Roderick brought 
The buckUr. — XVIII. p. 188. 

** Tbaum, disiendo sqoesto, on ancho sseudo 
El Dnque y Conde y hombres prindpalet, 
De pies encima el Principe membrudo 

Lo levantan aasl del loelo iguales : 
T al^lo en peso, qasnto al^ se pudo 
De al^lo per mx Rey fiieron sefiales, 
Heal, Beal, Real, disiendo todoe, 

oontombre antlgua de los Godoe.*' 
Ch. d§ Mua t Rt^toMradon d§ SUpaHa^ I Iv f. 81 



B7C souTHEr's foems. 

O Ln^ttl/orOigbaimtrui'itiJ^ged. — XVm p. IBS. j 
"L^primeni oiuilnil que gafio dUoD fue Leon, y d«da i 
W lluno Rb; ile I.«ou, j loma por waxat iin Loon nun an 
ounpo blnnco, rtfliiuidci Ins untignu anau di los Qodoa, que 
■rtm un Laon bermeju mmpntita, en ciim|« niuJ, l>iiHlrB In can 
Una, Bobra trv* ondii* blrnicwi y nicils'." — Pt-a 
De$c. dt TbMo, 1, ii). e. 3. 



Cmv >fr h. JfiiMi, p 102. 
*' Lit BiiciQDnftA arrnff! oatolenl pwlAUtfia^ Mmmo Ton void 
•n cellu lies Comlei dc Cutille, ct in Rait de Leon, qui 
[irindreuC dm Cbulenux el Jet Lion*, pour algnifier leg narat 
mlgitinu lies Provlocei, [inr le btuOD de teun utiiea; ^i n* 
M nportsiil pM b i'aacienna denomuuillnn de Outulo «l de 
Legio, oh«s PUiM." — /^rre ijt Mann: ZKM. c(a fiMm, t. I. 

'■Tli« tkin'f grioden KIb, ralev^s dc iroia poinle* lUi pen 
eraoeCo* diiu Itur c«ntn, dniu lexjnellei lea ipecnlitifii croyenl 
tolr 111 fignnt d'anc flenr de ]y^ je n'ay gwila dc dirs lo con- 
Inini," anyi P. Uibal, " il eat pennia k blen dra fctn de vuir 
d>n> In nuBa et dana ka charbona ardena tnat ce qn'il platt h 
leur Imnginatlon de I'j repreaenler; paurqun;' im »r»4-ll pna 
libre de voir anr lea denta du Lion la flguro das fleura de IpV 
Je douia que lea Kapagnoh en oonviennent, eai qui prennoui 
le Llaii puai- Im anuei el le lymbole ie tcuc moiwrcbie; cat 
m prnimdt lour dira qua e'ett uuc mirqoo que anni lo MOBon 
He la Pranoe, leur Lion n* a«R)it pa* fnrt k cmliuln 
QendMloIe, L Ii. p. 14. 



AdU TbjFW inub Ut mtHe nmid Ikt *mm 
0/ Jtt^HctM fa&. — XVIIL p. IH. 

Then 1> a pliii-e nt Toledo called La Alounik, ■* CI nonbn* 
le Aletinlu » Arubfgo, que e* dealrooaadt sBcriu.^eiifon&a 



NOTES TO RODERICK. 377 

Je cuerno, lo que Christianos llamayan foz, 6 hoz do Tfya 
Llamase ossi porque desde que este rio passa por debnxo de la 
puente de Alcantara, va haziendo una buelta y torcedum, que 
en una escritura antigua se llama hoz de Tajo. Lo mesmo 
BGontecio 4 Arlan^a cerca de Lara, de donde se llamo la hoz 
de Lara, come la nota Ambrosio de Morales ; y en el Reyno de 
Toledo ay la hoz de Jucar.*' — FrancUco de Pita : Desc. de To- 
kdOf 1. i. c. 14. 

Andd our deserts^ tot hunt down (he birds 

Of heaven^ — wings do not save them ! — XX. pp. 206, 207. 

** The Moors have a peculiar manner of hunting the partridge. 
In the plains of Akkermute and Jibbel Hidded, in Shedma, 
they take various kinds of dogs with them, from the greyhound 
to the shepherd's dog; and following the birds on horseback, 
and allowing them no time to rest, they soon fatigue them, 
when they are taken by the dogs. But, as the Mooselmin eats 
nothing but what has had its throat cut, he takes out his 
knife, and, exclaiming * Bismillah* (in the name of God), cuts 
the throat of the game." — Jackson' t Morocco^ p. 121 



A ha$ty gi'avtj scarce hidden there from dogs 
And ravens, nor from wintry rains secure. 

XXIL pp. 224, 225. 

In composing these lines, I remembered a far more beautiM 
passage in one of the Eclogues of the Jesuit Bnssieres: — 

** Artedos ruit «cce furens, finesque propinquos 
InsulUns, stragem agricolis fugientibua infert. 
Quid fiicerem? matrein, at potui, teneninique paellum 
Ksptabam, et mediin abdebaro corpora rilris. 
Aspera Jam ftigebat hjems, frondosaque quercus 
Pro teeto et latebria ramos pmb«bat opacos ; 
AlgvQtem fori matrem ; foret ilia rigentem 
Infkntem gremio. Sub prima crepuKula IucIji 
Progredior, tectum mlnerifl «i forte pateret ; 
Silfam furas eqoea telis infeniuM habebat ; 
Bona Aigio, •! capio compendia tuta viarum. 
Conditar atra diex : coelo nox hnrrida curgifc. 



378 socthet's poems. 

ragU mlbl oai mUno pmliwlliir 




Thar «*!(« (ijmntjfcrj. — XXIII. p. 2Sa. 
** X whlW flajti oaJIed El Alen, the «lgii>l, It lioiiMd trtTf 
dkjr, M twelTs o'clock, to wmni ih« pcoplo, out of heDring oi 
>t > grent d<sliinc«, la pnporc, by the aeotHnrf prelimiou^ 
ablntioni, to proglmU IbemMtvn before Ood U th« Mnrica of 
preyor." — Jociimi'i Morocco, p. 149. 

Tkt Bumma't hapfHi mnut hoot (imJouW hint. — XXUi. p- IIL 
" The LuDiinB u n rubal.iua bird. Tbe bond over wbleh iT 



U/e laC\ iK( kyi Au boJt.— XXtn. p. UB. 
Among the " PNrogntivee el PmpnMa aiDgulitroi du I 
phfitF," Oognier •i>t«t Ilmi " il «at vivnnt dnu* ton Tomba 
n Ml lit priire d&ni c> Tombena k clinqDe (bit qua le Orl 
en MtU procliunilion, et in m<ine lemi qu'nn lireotU. Il][ 
■ nn Anga postd mrtoD Tombeua qui ■ le Kiln de lai d< 
trltdoi Pritrat qae lai P(d£Iu font poor IdL" — Pit di JMo- 



NOTES TO RODERICK. 379 

The common notion, that the impostor's tomb Is suspended 
by means of a loadstone, is well known. Labat, in his " Af- 
riquo Occidentole ** (t. ii. p. 148), mentions the lie of a Mara- 
bout, who, on his return from a pilgrimage to Mecca and 
Medina, nffirmed, ** que le tombeau de Mahomet ^toit port^ en 
Tair par le moyen de certains Anges qui se relaycnt d*heure 
en heure pour soutenir ce fardeau." These fables, however, 
are modest in comparison with those which the Franciscans 
and Dominicans have invented to magnify their founders. 



Bast thou not heard 
' 2/oto, vchen our clay it leavened Jirst with Ufe^ 
The vunitienng Angel brings it from that qtd 
Whereun *ti$ written in the eternal book 
That soul and body must their parting take^ 
And earth to earth retumt—XXlU. pp. 238, 289. 

** 'Hie Persians, in their creed, liave a pleasant imagination 
concerning the death of men. They say that every one must 
come and die in the place where the angel took the earth of 
which he hath been made; thinking that one of these spirits 
h:is the ciure of forming the human creature, which he doth by 
mingling a little earth with the seed." — Thtvenot. 



TheyperisJi; all their thousands perish there. — XXIII. p. 242. 

The battle of Covadonga is one of the great minicles of 
Spanish history. It was asserted for many centuries without 
contradiction, and is still believed by the people, that, when 
the Moors attacked Pelayo in the cave, their weapons were 
turned back upon themselves; that the Virgin Mary appeared 
In the clouds ; and that i)art of a mountain fell upon the Infi- 
dels, and crushed those who were flying from the destruction. 
In what manner that destruction might have been effected, 
was exemplified upon a smaller scale in the Tyrol, in the me- 
morable war of 1809. 

Barret sums up the story briefly, and in the true strain of 
Mine Ancient: — 




The Bnadof Ufu— XXIV. [i. ISO. 
It Is now Bdmittad bj^ th« beat Inlbnned of tlw B 
write™ ihemsolTH. that, ftiT B thonJMid yn"*, n* athw tj 
eomman or lenTeneil brcuJ hu nsaO in tUs Knoiurial. ' 
wafer nu inCniilDccd ntiont llie eliToiiili cantniy; 
flu- down u tbe tnelflli cenlnry, lite pvojile WEre adin 
commnnicnto tn boUi kinds. 



Atid Imt ao Aumt U afirtd kSt remirM. — XSV. p. lU. I 

Acoonling to the Compmiiidnr Ffmnn Nnnii, In hie C 
mentnij upon the TraiiPiitBj, the toml) nf Count Jallin f 
ihowD in liii day* riboot four Isafpioa from Duouii, U « CM 
culled Loairi, oii the onuldt of ■ cliunsh Hlijeh vm tfl t 



HajBCuttd tealUni gipiim. — XXV. p. 368. 
Tbe Mitflcal Pilgrim tii Purebu Uiiu Jucrlbei Ih« t 



>i nni h*n douWItthu full unhnn. 
»-l<(a>(. aud llxbi u (lul." — P. U 



NOTES TO RODERICK. 881 

Porchas supposes this Tery curious poem to hnve been 
written about two hundred years before he published it; i.e., 
about 1425. It is probably much older. In enteriug Castile 
fipom Elvas, the author says, — 

'* Now into Cutell schall we fiure 
Orer the riwr : the land is bare ; 
Full of heath uid hunger al90, 
And Sarujnez UoTemouru thereto." 

Now, Badigoz and that part of the country was finally ro- 
oorered from the Moors in the early part of the thirteenth 
century. Purchos, perhaps, judged from the age of the manu- 
script, which may have been written about the time on which 
he fixes, and the language modernized by tlie transcriber. 



The Kffht u^ich o^er the JitUls of Bethlehem ahone, 
JrradkUed whole Spaifi, — XXV. p. 2U0. 

•* Fallamos en las estorias que aquella ora que nnestro Sefior 
Jesu Christo na^cio, seyeudo media noche, apsire!<9io una nuve 
sobre Espana que dio tan gran clsiridad, 6 tan gran resplandor, 
4 tan gran calor, como el sol en medio del dia qnundo va mas 
apoderado sobre la tierra. E departen los sabios ^ dizen que sc 
entiende por aquclla que despues de Jesu Cll^i^to vcn>ie su 
mandadero & Eitpaiia & predicar d los gontilcs la crgucdnd en 
que estavan, 6 que los alumbrnrie con la fee de Je«u Chry^to, 
4 aquesto fue San Pablo. Otroa departen qnc en P>pana avie 
de nas^er un prin^ipe chrystiano que serie sefior de todo cl 
mundo, 4 raldrie mas por el todo el Ilnnje de los omc, bien 
como esclarescio toda la tierra por In claridad de aqnella nuve 
en quanto ella duro." — On-onica General, f. 71. 

A more extraordinary example of the divine favor toward* 
Spain is triumphantly brought forward by Francisco do Pisa. 
" Our Lord God," says he, *' has been plea.eod to preserve these 
kingdoms in the purity of the faith, like a terrestrial paradise. 
by means of the Cherubim of the Holy OfTicc, which, with its 
Bword of fire, has defended the entrnnce, through the merit-* 
and patronage of the most serene Virgin Mary, the mother of 
God." — " Ha sido servido nue«tro Sefior Dios conservar e^tos 



382 SOVTHlirS 1-0EU3. 

raj-noa d> Eqioflii en la entarui de It F«, oomn t i 
lemnal, media tiM et Cbomliia ilol Ssnlo Officio, qnc ooa^ 
MpHda ilo faego loi lia dereaitida 1b entmdn pot ]a 
pnlniciiilo da In terouieiimn Virgen Han*, Uadn do Dioi 
Dae. tU TJiiIo, 1. i. e. 2B. 

Tb!> pMsuge U traly and limeotably dumclenitlo. 



Tht Oiifan Ovu—XXV. p. 3M. 

Th« onketi erosg wbioli Fclny o bore in bntllr Ii i* 
b**! protpfvcd nl O»iedo, id the Cmniini SnnW, ta 
wItU llint wbloh tbs uigelt mnda Dit AKbnio iba Orml,oo»- 
oeming wbidi MonUes ileliTen k carafal opinian, bow mnch 
or it wus lauili by Iha niigcli, nml liciw much bu been bDiniin 
workmntulilp. Tba peuple of Cnngw, not arlUiag that Palayo'i 
erou thould bs In tny thing Inrenor to bU ■acoauoi'i, iiuiil 
tint It fell IVDin beuviD. Mamies, hoKerer, laj^ It It tniir* 
certain tbat tba king luul it wade to go out with It lo bnule ul 
Condoiigii. It will GOTecwl with guld mtd enamel In Ihe yi 
ttOe. Wb*n MonlM nrole, it wim in lliie prounrUlaEi, ■ 
donbtlev lo oontiausd till tba prounl gsnomiion. Upon If 
top brunch of th« croia lh*w was thta iDicripiiaa 
turn placid* mtnMt boc in bonoro Del, quoU olTenint fii 
Cbriiti Ailaftmiu* Prlneepa ol Scunonn Kcgbia." On ll 
right arm: " Quiiqnii aafbiTu b»« donarlii nwtra praanrnpa 
AihnidB dlTino iDiarsat ipw." On Ilis loftt " Hoo ojmi p 
teetxaa ait, conceetam aat stiiuto Snlratori OrotanM* Si 
Hoc ligno matur plu>, boo ilRna irincitur ioiD 
toot: " Sx operacum ut in Cwtallo Gauioo aniio R^nl n 
XVII. dl4caRiBnla Em DCCCCXLVL" 

" Tiiere ta no Other UatiiEoijy," any* lloralcii " that ll 
Uio cnaa of King Don PeUfo, tlinn Irndltlou banded i 
from one age to another. I nitb the king bid ttotad ll 
•Tui «i III lil> iuKrijiUoni sod I ereu tliliik ba w 
t'san >llaii( up<in tliln [Xijnt, unleu lia liail wi»b»d 10 It 
Alinn •! Cnnto, who, In like raanoar, Mfi nothing <K 
till' iogcU oiion hla eroat." Tbit pBaaage la TW] 
terltilc of goad old Aoibnwio. 



NOTES TO RODERICK. SSS 

Like a mirrcr iparJeUng to (Ke tun. — XXV. p. 270. 

** The Damascus blades are so highly polished, that, when 
ftn J one wants to arrange his turban, he uses his cimeter for a 
looking-glass.** — Le BrocqttUre, p. 138 



Ok I who could um tohcU deeds were wrought that day t 
Or who endure to hear t — XXV. p. 271. 

I haTe nowhere seen a more curious description of a battle 
between Christians and Sanicens than in Barret's manii- 
toript: — 

" The (briom Chrititian troops mooned troops enoharge, 
The moonid troops requite them with the like; 
Whilst Orecioa lance craclu (thundering) Parthian targe, 
Parth's flame-flash arrow Grecian through doth prick ; 
And whilst that Median cimeter unlimbs 
The Christian knight, doth Christian curtle-axe 
Unhead the Median honemen ; whilst here dims 
The Pagan^g gc^Ung-eyen by Greekinh axe, 
The Greek unhorsed lies by Persian push. 
And both all rageAil g^rapple on the ground ; 
And, whilst the Saracen with furious rush 
Ilia Syrian shocks, the Syrian as round 
Down shouldereth Saracen ; whilst Dabel blade 
Sends soul Byzantine to the starrvd cell, 
Byiantine pike, with like-employed trade. 
Packs Babel's spirit posting down to bcll.-^ 



Who fi-om their thirsty saiuls 
Pray that the locusts on Oie peopled plain 
May settle, and prepare llitir way. — XXV^. p. 272. 

•• The Saharawnns, or Arabs of the desert, rejoice to see the 
oloads of locusts proceeding towards the north, niiticipnting 
therefrom a general mortnlity, which they cull elkhere^ the 
goo<l or the benediction; for, after depopuhitingthe rich plains 
jf Barbary, it affords to them an oi)portunity of euinnatin^ 



Jiukurn'M StniKcv, f 



Tbo nccouut whiuh llie KanuuUa Chronicle give 
Tick nf)«r 111* Aiicppaaruica, l> In w iingalar «, •Haiii of flc 
Uiat } liitvd 1x1)11 MinplBil in traiwlaU il. IE ■trikinRlr U 
jilUlw ibc iluotrtne of peunnuo, ot whloli moiiu 
■uppU«i mauy imtaacu alta«t u extrooriliiiary n( tbu h 

" Ubip. 2S8. — SiAit U< Kinif Don Jtutri^ 10 At baOl* i 
arritmi at a Aei-nitny*, and ■/ tt'it utia b^rB U 
" Kovr, when tho King Don ^oit\tp had «««pd from j 
linttio, li« MgoB to go u* Tiul u be «iuld Upon hU hoiM aT ' 
llie lionki or Iha Guailnlelei siiil iilghl ciuui on, and Uia hi 
bft^n tu Ctl] by nuBan of 1U* manj wuuuds wbloli bo bftd V 
cilvad. And >* be w«iil Uiua by liin river«id*, daploriug 1 
gnat mill whicb had oduw cpon iiioi, b« knew not when j 
mt; uid iba lioise got into a qungmin; ond, when b» « 
In, tia ooulil nW got out. And, when tb* king ti 
ailgblnl, and •lr>|ii»d off aU bit rinh anni and tl 
lliarenf, and took uir hli croTrn from hit hnad, and ( 
oil into tho quagmlra, lafirift. ' Df earth wu 1 tiiad« 
■o are all my deeds like tinio mu<l and mln. Tlioratbra ^ 
pomp and vnnllj' ibuU \m buried lu tbi* mud till It hai all i 
lurnail again to earth, u 1 myHir mail dni and tba tUo « 
ttbldi 1 liav* dOKned wilJ liennem me well, tealng that t bl 
IxMn Iha tirincipal cuuig uf llila grvnt araelty.' And, ai 
ihustlrippad off all h<> rloli n)iparBl,h« oaat the ibaca tf 
faat. and went lila way, and wandered mi towardi Ponag 
■ml be tmvelled hi tar that nlghl uid Ih* da* IbllowlBg, Uis) ijj 
Game la • barnillag* tunc lb* aaa, whara lliara waa 
wtan hid dwelt lllera, Mnliig Uud for Tull Torty jaant ■ 
aim h* wHi ufgreai bj^, fur be wu wall-iil|[h • bnndrtdyi 
ulil. And liu anwred into tlie hanuiiags, and Touud ■ onidl 
I'wnin. — being the image oT our Lord J»iu Cliritl, ai 



NOTES TO RODERICK. 885 

he WIS craoified; and, for the remembrance of him, he beat 
both hin knees to the gi-ouiid, and clasped his hands, weeping, 
and confessing his sins before God; for lie weened not that any 
3UU1 in the world saw or heard him. And he said thus : * 
very Lord! who by thy word hast made all the world from 
nothing which it was, and hast created all things, — those 
which are visible to men and thoi>e which tire invisible, the 
hcuivenly as well as the earthly, — and who didst incarnate thy- 
self that thou mightest undergo thy passion and death to save 
tho^ who firmly put their trust in thee, giving up thy holy 
ghost from thy glorified body upon the tree of the true cross ; 
and who didst descend into hell, and deliveredst thy friends 
from thence, and didst regale them with the glory of lieaven ; 
and afterwards thy huly spirit came again into that most holy 
body which thou wast pleased to take upon thee in this world; 
and, manifesting thyself for the true God which thou wert, 
thou didst deign to abide in tliis dark world forty days with 
their nights, and then thou didst asceud into thy heavenly 
glory, and didst enlighten with the grace of the Uuly Ghost 
thy beloved disciples. I beseech thee, Lord! that thou 
wouldtt enlighten me, a king in tribulation, wretched, and full 
of many sins, and deserving all evils. Let not the soul which 
is thine, and which cost thee so dear, receive the evil and the 
desert of this abominable flesh! And may it please thee, O 
Lord! after the downfall, destruction, |)erdition, and desolation 
which 1, a miserable king, have sutl'ered in this world, that 
my disconsolate soul may not be forgotten by thee, and that 
all this misery may be in batisfactiou for my errors ! And I 
camestly beseech thee, O Lord ! that thy grace may breathe 
upon me, that in this world i may make batisfactiou for my 
sins, so that, at the great day of judgment, I may not be con- 
demned to the torments of hell ! ' 

** Having said these words, weeping as though he would 
burst, he remained there a long hour. And, when the hermit 
beard him say all this, he was greatly astoni»hed; and he went 
unto him. And, when the king saw him, he was little pleased: 
howbeit, aHer he had talked with him, ho wouKl rather have 
found him there than have been rc>ton'(l agnin to the great 
ttonor which he had loi>t; for the hennit comforted him in 
vou IX. 2 C 




Mch k1b«, in till* lit« IribulAllon, tbiit ba wu rigbt well tm- 
tauledi ud In coiirc9>eil uuln him, anil lulil lilm nil Itnl 
ooneeni«d hitn. And the hermit fnlil luliim, ' King, them « halt 
Nroain In tbis hermltiiRe, which li 
thou mii^tl«ad thy life 01 long lU It ■h*llplen>oGti<l. 
mc, oil tlie thinl dn; Tivm hence, I bIuU fm, awny oi 
worid. and Ihon ihalc bnrj me; tai tbua iliiilt take 
imntB, Hid Allfil the time or a jeur in Uil> Iiennitiif^ 
no tliought HI to proviiion for thy iupport, for vi 
tluiD ahiiU hare it iJter the H 

M htubiinil it, thiit II mnj suffice tliM for lb* wholn w 
Tliot fleab wbicb bilb boan tbatercd In ktsuI delight el 
•nO^r nbgllnence, leit it should grour prouil. And thtm >hiiK 
aodure bangor and cold nad thint in the lorn of mirLord, 
that be may bare compn^iiou upon thee, Tby ■lalioti, till the 
liour of bIm]i, timsC klwiiys l>e upon that rock, wUera there la 
en amlory facing Uie himI; uniltbou shiilt contiimc tlii tirrice 
of God in eurh minner n> Qod wlH dtrKt tbre to dn. And 
take bved [but thy huI fkll not Into letnplation, And, ilnce 
tliou bflit ipokeii Ihl* day of penilence, tuMnorrov Ibov ebnit 
eommunicnte and receive Ibe true biidy of our Lord Jmui 
Chriat, wlio will be Uiy proteclion aiid nopp-Tt agetuil Ibe 
enemy and the pereeealor. And put tlioa lliy flrai Iruit lu 
UiB lign of the cross, sod thus shnlt Ibou plen.e lliy SflvioHT.* _ 

" Many Oflior tblngi Iho holy hennlt mil!, wbi 
king right }«yni] to hear them! nnd tbvre tliey i 
it <riu Ilie lioiir for sleep. And the Imly hennlt 
his bed, nnd enid, ' When I shall hiTo Ion the o 
wilt follow Ibe wuy* which I hnre Killiiwed, Rvwliielif 
Lord win hare mercy upon Ihoe, nni 
o*i>r lbr«, that tlioa miyert jieruiep* 
•crfire.' And then they laid down » 
li^ur uf matink, when they shuBld both 
awoke hfrn; ftr, » the king had not flept lot a tong tima, d 
wonry, he would not hnvo awaked so iT 
tt roused blni. And ibev said titatr h( 



it with great derotdm, and rnmnlantenlfd *tth f(i»at 



NOTES TO RODERICK. 387 

And the hour for taking food came ; and the hermit took a 
loaf which w&s mode of pannic and of rye, and gave half 
then^of to tke king, and took for himself the other half; and 
they ate little of it, as men who could not eat more, — the one 
oy reason of age, and the other because he was not used to 
tuch faro. And thus they continued till the third day, when 
the buly hermit departed this life. 

'* Chap. 289. — .fiS^to the Hermii died, and the King found a tcriting 

in his hand, 

** On the third day, the pious hermit expired at the same 
hem which he had said to the kii)g; whereat the king was full 
sorrowful, as one who took great consolation in the lessons 
which he gare. And, when he had thus deceased, the king, 
by himself, with his hands and with un oaken stick which was 
there, made his grave. And, when ho was about to bury him, 
he found a writing in his hand ; and he took it, and opened it, 
and found that it contained these words : — 

•* Chap. 240. — (y the rule of life which the Hermit left ivriUtn 

for King Don Rodrigo, 

** * king, who through thy sins ha«»t lost the great honor 
in which thou wert placed, take heed that thy soul also come 
not into the same judgment which hath fallen upon thy flesh! 
And receive into thy heart the instructions that I shall give 
thee now; and see that thou swerve not from them, nor abatest 
them R jot; for if thou obser\'est them not, or departest in 
aught from them, thou wilt bring damnation upon thy soul: for 
all that thou shalt find in this writing \i given thee for j>cimnce ; 
and thou must learn, with great contrition of repentance and 
with humbleness of patience, to be content with that which 
God hath given thee to suffer in this world. And, tliat thou 
mayest not be deceived, in case any company should come 
unto thoe, mark and observe this, and pass in it thy life. 
Thou shalt arise two houi-h after midnight, and say thy matins 
within the hermitage. When the day breaks, thou >halt go to 
the oratory, and, kneeling upon the ground, say the whole 
boars by the brevi.iry; and, when thou hast fini^hctl them, 
Jioa shalt say certain prayer» of our Lord, whii-h thou wile 



souTueirs poems. 

lU hnn tluna llila, i 



lint) tlieniin Anil, wliiiri lliou linat iluisa liila, uiinteiil|ilsl0 tfala 
upou Hm gront povivr dF uur Uml, and apou I.Ib mercy, whI 
»1m upon Iho m«t lioIj> puulou wliiali be sulTcreil tin in>ii- 
kiiiil upun tliD CTOi), being LiuuclC vety God, luil linker uf sU 
tliiiigi; mill how, Willi gnmi humility, ha oIium io tm itiontnai* 
la a puur virgia, autl hoc tu cuiub u n king, but u « medXuWr, 
uaaog Uie uiktiunt. AiiU coiiMmpUli, bIiu, upon Uie pour life 
wlilcb lie nlwnyg led in IllU worJil, loglvc lu lu exsmple; uiil 
tint lie will coma si tJie iluy of juJ);inBiit la JuiIeu tlia quluk 
■nd tbe deml, Hiiil give la enry oub Ilia mead winch ho bith 
dSMTTcd. TIi*ii thkll Uwu give luatiuiuiiGB tu tliy flg*li of tlint 
breiuj oC taniilo nnil rys, which dhnll lis broBghi lo thee every 
Friday in the uuumer lli«t 1 bure talili and of other food tliou 
(bjill iiiiE ant, ullliuugh il tliouhl be giveu or Mai thee i iiaithoi 
tlinit thou obiu(ii tliy braiul. Auil, whan thuu hut (iiieii, give 
tluuilu lo God, beoBiuu he bu lot ihcu oaiue to repi^iiiiuieci 
and ttaon thou iIihU go lo iha orator}', and there giTu pmba to 
tlw Virgin our Lidy, holy Uury, motlici' of God, In tuch idui- 
ner »t ahnJl cums lu tliee in devulion. If, wliun Ihun hwt 
daUhod, hoBTlnoM dioiilil ooina ujioti tl>ee,tliuu tnaynl elaepj 
uml, »hcn thon thiUl Intra rutaj ■» long u it rc.iuumble, 
niturn thou bi thy ornlory, nud tliere reuuilii, mokiug thy 
pniyari alwiyi ujmi tliy kueai; and for iiathiiig which may 
baUll thee dapu'l ttivn fivui Uienua till thou bul miiile uu end 
of thy prayen, wliethar it rain ur tnow, or if a leiopeat thouU 
blow. And, fotsamuch M tbe Seib could tuBtalu ui tiiany 
niuiidiua jdiiiuiuru, in mml il tuffer iIm uele*tial uholliiBnim 
Two MMtn Ihou hut UanrJiu ihla hunnilaga; and in it It U 
III (hut thou tliuli haar nu mim, lur more would not b* 
irvico. And, If tbou observMl tbcw thliiga, U<hI will 
b(*a cnnipualou upon lliy dewn*.' And, nhen lli* king bad 
id Ihiik he Uid li upon Iha aliar, lu u pbice where It wobM 
be well preaorired. 

■• ChB|i. ML — Hue IK« £)((</ canuM Ite Jbrm ij/- it 

JacfRV ilu King iMm H-jtliigu^ 

" Now, when lb* king had made a gmve in wble 

Ilu Iwinll, the Uavll va* Iroubltd at tbr goodcourw itblch lb* 

king lad takeu, luid he ciui about lur meani buw hv mi^ 



NOTES TO ROD t: KICK. 389 

eire him ; and he iband none so certain a» to come to bim 
ia the figoru of a hermit, and keep company with him, to turn 
him aside from thoM doctrines which the hermit had given him, 
that he might not faliil his |)eDitence. And, the king L«ing iu 
great haste to bury the body, the Devil came to him with a 
loog whita beard, aud a great hood over the eyes, and some 
patemisten hanging from his girdle, and $np(>orting himself 
ap<Hi a staff as though he \wre lame and could not go. And, 
vhen he came where the king wai^, he humbled himself, and 
•aid onto him, * Peace be with thee! * And the king turned 
toward that side from which he came; and, when he saw him 
of so great age, he thought that it wai^ some holy man who 
knew of the death of the hermit, aud was come to burv him. 
And he humbled himself, aud went towards him to ki^ his 
band: and the Devil would uot, saying, * It is not tltting that a 
king should kiss the hand of a poor servant of God.* And 
the king was ostonishod at hearing himself named, and believed 
that this mast needs be a man of holy life, and that he spake 
by some rerelation: nevertheless, he saiil, * 1 am not a king, 
bat a miserable sinner, for whom it had been better never to 
have been bom, than that so much evil should have happened 
throagfa me.* And the false hermit said to him, * Think not 
that thou hast so much fault as thou imagincst in what has 
now been done; for, even if thou hadst had no part iu it, this 
destruction would have fallen at this time. And, since it was 
ordained that it should be so, the fault is not thine: some fault 
thoo hadst, but it was very little. And think not that I s{>eak 
this of myself; for ray words are those of a spirit, made and 
created by the will of Go<i, who speaks through me this 
and many other things, which hereafter thou shalt know, that 
thou mayest see how God has given me power that I should 
know ail thy concerns, and counsel thee in what manner thou 
shouldst live. And albeit I have more need of rest than of 
labor, by reason of my age, which is far greater than my 
ioontenance shows, yet 1 have dis])osed myself to labor for 
the love of thee, to console thee in this thy persecution, know- 
ing tliat this good man was al>out to die. Of a truth, you nniy 
Relieve that on this day month I was in R^nio, — being there 
In the Church of St. John de Latcran, out of which I had never 



|!one for tliirlir yran. tl 



iTHTerw m much liiid it 



tiin«) for, oerlei, I letl tl 



10 ipvnkt In thli form whiob thou mcm lui g 



Aud the king miM la bin), ' Kric 



;h 10 great njourocyi i 



ihyo. 



ir Ood, I ny'oio* nod 

ninK, forllikt In my tni'fortutin I (hull h» bj thee ci 

wlilobm 



ii] iruimoud in 
ptnltuiaa. I rejoice, also, UiiC ibli lialy liiniiil liina aliAp 

Uun !■' And (lia falea bernilt Mid, ' Tbtnk no), king, tliut n 
b ttar llie Hnrlea of Ood lo ffn to uiy punoti a nanie not ap- 
pcmiiiiliig to biin. And tins 1 ■uy, beonnie 1 hoII Kihi* iha 
llfa nf \hii pOTKii, wtiBt it «•»; and, ai tbou kimweat noliilng 
nf Mlotiuli, tliou thiiikm tlmt, u iii« luiigue ipoikalli, «*«ii 
mob 1> tlie heoit. But I tall ihiw, tfag bnbil dolh not make lh« 
uunki uul It it from such panoos u tli»c Uint tb* ioylnc 
■Rua which it comraon in tlie world, " 1 would bava Jiulica, 
but nut for m;' own houae." Vbi* I aajr to Uiae, boutat ba 
oominiuidad Ibu tn iHHfnnn ■ |>oauiac «iiah ■> iirvor tniui illd) 
ttwi which is, thnt thou ihoaldtt But only ocoa ■ dtf, and Cbal 
of auch bread that even tlie ahaphcnl'i dogs would not eat It; 
MiitorthlsUmttliuu >kouldi>lnoleuiulDDchaatboucouldslj>Dd 
Appointed Ibee (he lerm uf a jreir that tlioq thonldiit oontlnB* 
In lliia diot. Alio lia oommnniled ihoe Ihal thou abonldtt 
not limr Uiu* dnring the iUdb thnt (hou sbtdeai hen, rot itwl 
Uie two Miwaf wiikb thou but beard abould luflln. Look, 
DOW, iftbat doelrtiia be good wbloh Irldi a man forget lbs bol; 
aaorameiitl Galea, I lell lho«, that, only for that wbloh ha 
eomniBodad ihea lo ubaervo, hi( wul ii conalttnad to a plect 
whara I woulil not Ihnt tUInc thoald go for all the world. If It 
warn In my power, with >D lU riches. MevcRbaleu, M ba rid 
of lb« III iiuetl wUub ba would give, it 1* fit that you ohvuM 
bnryhinii aad. whilayuu dii lliis, I will go fnrfo»d.' And (]|« 
lung Hid, ' Friend of Uod, do not take this tranUe, bui mnala 
■till; and UfoTs DOOn tbere will wniD food, which Will suAm 
(iir yoa uid fur roe. Help mo now to give hartal lo tbia |a«d 



NOTES rO RODERICK. 391 

innn, which will be much for the service of God, altlioiigh ho 
may liuve been a sinner.* And the false hermit answered, 
* Kiug, it would be less evil to roll him over these rocks into 
the sea; but, if not, let him lie thus upon the earth till the 
birds and the beasts devour his flesh.* And the king marvelled 
at this. Nevertheless, though he believed that this false her- 
mit was a servant of God, he left not for that to bury the good 
hennit, who there lay without life; and he began by himself 
to carry him to the grave which he had made. And, as he 
was employed in burying him, he saw that the false hermit 
went away over the mountains at a great rate, not as one who 
was a cripple, but like a stout man and a young ; and he mar- 
velled what this might mean. 

** Chap. 242. — How King Don Rodrigo in/oi'med himself con- 
ctming (he pentince which he was to perform^ from the toriting 
which the holy Hermit left him. 

'* When the king had finished burying the good servant of 
Ood, he went to the altar, and took the writing in his hand, and 
read it to inform himself well of it And, when ho had i*ead it, 
he saw that of a certainty all that was said therein was for 
the service of God, and was of good doctrine for his soul; and 
he said, that, according to the greatness of his sins, it behooved 
that his penitence must be severe, if ho wished to save his 
soul. And then he called to mind the life which St. Mary 
Magdalen endured, for which God had mercy on her. And 
forthwith he went to his oratory, and began his prayers ; and 
he remained there till it was near noon; and he knew that he 
had nothing to eat, and awaited till it should be brought him. 

" Chap. 248. — Bow the Devil brought meat to King Don Rwlrigo 
that he should eat it; and he would only eat of the HermiVs 
bread. 

'* After it was mid-day, the false hermit came with a raj^ket 
upon his shoulders, and went straight to wliere the king was; 
and he came sweating and weary. And the king hud com- 
passioL ou him; howbeit, he said nothing, neither did ho leave 
his prayers. And the false hermit said to him, ^ King, muke 
in end of thy prayers, for it is time to eat ; and here I bring 

t 



Ibod.- Anil Dm kliig m<ii up hU «tu, Bn't kwkcit toaanl 
liimi indlieMir tliiLl tben 011101 Inlclhe hennlWga ■ thip- 
liunl, with A nollet upuii lib bockj and be Ibcniftlil tiiit ntwl 
be lia wha bniuitbt Iiim llwt whicll ba *»> to sat. Awl to In 
truth II wM, Ihil tlmt ihopbard brongLl ermrj Fridav Itrar 
Umtm «f pannlo uul 170 for the boly lurmlt. upon whioh ha 
UTed during diewMk; eiul, M tliin *b«iilicnl knew net tbal 
Ibe B»uil mat) wnt ilend, be did no man tlun pal lil* bmu) 
upon llie nltnr. and go liia wnr. And th« king, wlien h« hail 
ceiued pmjiiia, roie uji l>om lh« ornloryi eiiJ wmil to liii' 
fklM hennlL. Ai»! lie ruainl Uie (uur ltiat«i; aiiil be look DDe, 
Hixl Itrake It tn I1i« inldilla, and laid liy tbs rut eafc^Jn,lr. 
And ha wmit uut of tbe beniiltnga lnl« Ibe ixirtal, where th«r* 
mu ■ table (hll imall; uid he Inid a aloih upun it, and liia 
btcad whkli he wa* to eat, and llie water; luiil he beptn to 
ble>9 llie tntild, mill thnn HmlK.I htm-eir. Ami tbe falH bartn'.l 
QoEed well l>i>vr he btiMSeil tha tnblo, and nrou (Votn whpn he 
«■!, uid wont Co the king, and mid, ' Kin|, take of tlib poor 
fate wbleh I have bnniglit, and vbicb ba* bean (ieru mo is 
alma. And bu took uiil two loaTet wblub were (u[| «iblta< 
■nil I rmuleil pirtiiilge, and n fliwl, uf whlob 'Ii< Ivp wwrt 
watillti^l and be placed ll upon the Uble. Aud. wbun the 
king lait tl, bl> eyet were fillsil with teiui ; (br h* caold not Imt 

IMW Mien, aod that Nil table bud ntTpr before bsen icned 
lU* IbU. Aud he Hid, ■ilareHiiiK blnueir to tbe 1«H, 
Trabcd bo thy name! — thun who oimt make tbii hitf\ b>w. 
and Ibe In* nnihine-' And he turned ta hl> braad, and rtU 
eat thtreof. And Uiunjrti be bad grent tninger, jrvt o 
lOircely eal Ibtreor, Tor he had never lued il Htl in Ih 
Diltngc; and nov It aeeroed worie, bv rsiuon <>f llu 
bmtd whioli Ibul ralio bemit bnd tnvugb). And lli«1| 
herinil, who mw tlml hs gnva no roputl nellhrr <o 
Dwr the meat whiab Ue hod bri»gbc,tald lu the kin;,* Vbj 
eatnt than not of Ihl* which Ood bae mdI thea ? > And tlin 
Uog uid, ■ 1 ctime not to thii hirmllag* to urm Ooil, but tn 
dn paiianee tnr mi ilna, Ihet mirHnl mnir nut be 1n>r. And 
Iha ptnanre nhltb l> civen mc In thi* life I niu>t dtnene A« 
n ymr, nnd nor deporl rr»m It. Wi It •linuhl prove la my great 



NOTES TO KODERTCK. 393 

bart.* And the false hermit said, ' How, king, hnth it been 
given thee, C^r peniuice, that thou shouidst let thyself die for 
despair? Die gospel commands not so; contrariwise it forbids 
man to >\o any soch penance through whicli the b9dy might 
be brought to death : for if, in killing another, he who causes 
the death is held for a murderer, much more is he who killeth 
himself; and such thou wouldst be. And now, through de- 
spair, thou wouldst let thyself die of hunger, that thou mightpst 
no longer lire in this world ; wherefore, I say, eat of this food 
that I have brought thee some little, that thou mayciit not die/ 
And with that he began to eat right heartily. And the king. 
when he beheld him, was seized with atfectioii to do the like: 
howbeit he was withheld, and would cat nothing thereof. And, 
M it was time when he would drink uf the water, the false 
hermit said to him, that he should drink of the wine. And 
the king would only taste of that water; and, as he went to 
take it, the false hermit struggled with him : but he could not 
prevail; and the king did according to his rule, and departed 
not from it. And, when he had eaten, he began to give thanks 
to God. And the false hermit, who saw that he wouKl have to 
cross himself at rising from the tabic, rose up before him, 
as one who was about to do something; and the king heeded 
it not. And, when he had thus eaten, he went to the oratory, 
and began to give praises to the Virgin Mary, according as the 
good man had commanded him; when that traitor went to 
him, and said, * Certes, this doctrine which thou boldest is no 
way to serve God; for sans doubt, when the stomach is boated 
with food, the will shall have no power to pray sis it ought, 
and, although the tongue may say tlie prayers, the heart con- 
firms them not, being hindcre<i by the force which nature 
derives from the food. Therefore I say to thee, that thou 
oughtest to sleep first; for, whilst thou art sleeping, th<? fcxxl 
will settle, and the will will then be more able for contempla- 
tion. , Moreover, God is not plejised with prayers without con- 
trition, as with one who speaketh of one thing, and hath his 
heart placed on another, so that he can give no faith to thr 
words which he beginnoth. If thou wouldcst be saved, C 
king! it behooves thee to listen to mc; and, if thou wilt not 
bcHuve mc, I will depart and leave thee, as one who will takt- 



394 

no ununfirli pxpBpt Cmm hlimelf.' Aiiil (Iib kiiig « 

ihoiilil f^Mi tlint iliaa oonSniwlit this good mnnmir otM 

irberW my soul hotb need, aMor<Jiug h It wu appoliitodl 

UiB good RiHii wliom 1 haft buried, lliwi voold I toUow f 

ny. Bat 1 «te Uiut U17 tlf« li lint thil of > 

nenec, ntir of oat who rnmfce* worldly et^oymaoU Tor 4 

loTC »rGDdi niLhar ll iMmuIli, \>y wliiit 1 « 

Utii t> A urengtliouuig ot varliUj' glory: 

lliy floh with ginMl tiaiidt, nt I wu want 

pnllM up wUli lh« vuoltlra of thg world. Wh«r*lbn 1 wlllq 

no wlwt ftiUaw Ih]' way : for I tsa llint thou vt • wsrUly n 

«ho dcwlTot God and tbc world; and, vhon 11 oomti I 

tnd, Uiou thyMlf will li« docalvid.' 

gD«n itafrfai 



It itMoa an llisfl 



■Clup. at*. — O/uiiil (*< Ptra laU bi S 
di^mri him Jhim Aii penaM 

"Tba fnlu tienuU uld to him, -For wl 
rartatn thni the rule, which tMi dMclTc 
bnrieil oppaintsd tar llice, will lis nnlntion for Ihy und, nnd 
thai uhnt I My to ibea it not ola ouiiil Thou auderTtuidtst 
nra Dol well: I Dew furbude lliti 
MUM, M b* hu dooa; fur (hit It one of Itra grind tiling*, || 
mftD mny evsiy dnf te» ht> Snvlonr, Ktid odon hhn. , 
Mslii]; (hut he Ibrbada tbae t« do thlt, ihoii mitycst bi 
thut, lO lie ilccelred bit own muI, hs would docelva Ibliia at 
for, nl lbs liiJiir when man piusath away oi 
would fnln Ihnt thnt iain« hour tfaoulil be Ihn end uf all th* 
world. Aiid ihur IhnE •iieny did; lor, whnr* he H«nl, Uiliha 
ba wuaUl draw theo also. Now, ainee God balb ftiven tl 
teiue and reimni, tliou inayiut claaiHy uudariliind diuj 
emneai and doclrlna an) drc«liru1, and wbal tlwn c 
lodok' 
"Ohitp, Hi, — 0/ the rijif) aUri Iha Kingnaih 

"•Sail* duulit,* aald the king, 'ha fwhode ina not tlut I 
■hDuld boar Mau) but beuans* bi: ccnumiuidad rac Ibal I ibvuld 
ftlJHl my (laiiiiiice bare for tlie t«rtn of a year, at be knew t) 
hoar of bin own daaih, eo alao he knew ihni no olbi 
arbo could my Miua KoBid come to tiili bgrmllnge a 



NOTES TO RODERICK. 395 

year; an! therefore he said to me, that in this hennitage I 
should not hear Mass ; but he never forbade me from hearing it.* 

** Chap. 246. — Of the reasoning which the false HermU made to 

King Don Rodrigo, 

" The false hennit said, * Now thou thyself manifestcst that 
be was not so worthy as a man ought to be wlio knows 
that which is to come : for, according to thy words, he knew not 
that I should come here, who can say Miiss if I please; and, 
if there bo good judgment in thee, thou wilt understand that 
I must needs be nearer to God, because I know all which lie 
had commanded thee to do, and also how ho was to die; aud 
I can know better in what place he is, than he who has com- 
manded thee to observe this rule knew concerning himself 
while he was here. But this I tell thee, that as I came to 
teach thee tlie way in which thou shouldcst live, and thou wilt 
not follow my directions, I will return as I came. And now 
I marvel not at any thing which has befallen thee; for thou 
hast a right stubborn heart: hard and painful wilt thou find 
the way of thy salvation; and in vain wilt thou do all this, for 
it is a thing which profiteth nothing.' 

"Chap. 247. — Of (he reply which King Don Rodiigo maOe to 

the false Hermit. 

^*Good man,' said the king, *all that thou shalt command 
me to do, l>eyond the rule which the holy hermit appoint* 
ed me, that will I do: that in which my penance may be more 
severe, willingly will I do it. But in other manner I will not 
take thy counsel; and, as thou ha^t t^ilked enough of this, 
leave me, therefore, to my prayers.' And then the king bent 
his knees, and began to go on with his rule. And the false 
hermit, when he saw this, departed, and returned not again 
for a month; and all tliut time the king maintained his penance 
in the manner which had been appointed him. And by reason 
that he ate only of that black bread, and drank only water, hit 
6esk fell away, and he became stuoh that there wa.-» not a mim in 
the world who would liave known him. Thus ho remained 
In tlie hermitage, thinking; of no utht-r thing than to implore 
the mercy uf God that he wuuld pardon him. 



Clup. 3««, — Of lAnl lAt /altt BtrmU taU to King Awfl 









■,»/™ 



" Kliig Dot! Bndrigo living Ihui, »ue day, betwiwii n 
(Jill dawn, tliH TiiIm lieniiiL cnine to the h*niiUiiB«i imil nut la 
th« «uii« Itgare u !i*HV>r«, but nppnuiag luoN jiouCbral, m 
that ho woulil D^>t be known. And bo cnlleil it tlio dacir; and 
Um kill]! looked whoU uiiglit Im, itnd taw tlmt he was !iiiUl*l 
UkeBiarTHiituraud; and lie cipancdtliediKn' fortliwIUi. Aod 
tbej (nlnled mob otheri «nd, when thsy sow eatik othvr, tbe 
Mm hcnuit eivctod il» king, and d«nniiidcd of btoi wbera 
tho btlier vn; imd the king amwercd, Ibal for more than a 
monlb tliire li:id licea no [wnim dvrelllns lliere uvh hlouiOf. 
And the fiiW hcniiit, vlieii iinliMin] tide, mnda uinbluiM ae IT 
he wen aflllctvd with exceeding; f(rief, and iild, 'How ciiine Ala 
tc be f for It Is not yet »ix weeks atncc I came liere nnd Ma> 
fkued my sini to tbe TutbeT wUo abode bn«, and tbeii dc[ia(ted 
frocn ihh bmnitnge tu my oirn, whlnh u a lengue rniiii hence.' 
And King Dun Radrigo nald, ' Friend, know tlint thit liermlt i> 
now In psradlie, u 1 bollcve; and [ buried him with my own 
hand*.' And bo ibowcd bim tlia pUce where be lay. And, 
when lie went tliera, ha b«gnn to ktic the nrlli of tlie Kran, 
and to mnke great dole and Inmanuition over him i luid, when 
lomo baltJiour hnd puswd, lie withdrew, makiag HmOIani-e a> 
If he «f«b*d to uj- bit kouo. Aud, borore the king had 
Bnhlied (o eaj hie, lie cKnie to hiui, and Mid, ' Quod iiuin, irlU 
jon ny Hen 7 ' And Iha king eunwonH], Ihui Ih ueviir aeld It. 
'Then.' tnid tbe taitt hermit, 'hairtnv, iJnm, In penllrnM; tbr 
I would voiirsu.' And, tlie king leelng tlui It wae fbr the icn 
VlceoTQnl Id hear him 1o penilcnce, Ibey wnled tlienitnlTM 
both UI the fuul of the iihiir. And, whon tli* fnlsu henall 
•peke, 11 appeared thut he had nu eln to eonft-w; lor be bi 
to relate nwny gicM lerricci which he bad done 
well In the lift which be hid aa In other things. And, bl 
the king coald ab'olv* bim, lie rune up, and uked If It 
wen reedy Ibr the Mais. And the king laid thut be ki 
and bade him hMk. It naa now time that he thuald go to 111 
Matory. And the CuIm lirnnlt axked bim that he tlwuld anb 
UiD iu laying Ma.>, and then he ahould hear It. And the kin 



NOTES TO RODERICK. 897 

Midi that for nothing in the world would he leave to fulfil hit 
penzLncc, according as it hud been appointed him; and he went 
to his oratory. And the false hermit made as if he put on the 
▼wtments and all the ornaments, and began to say Mass, to 
the end that he might deceive the king, and make him cease 
to observe his penance, and come to adore the Mass. And he 
made a watery cloud arise, so that it rained heavily where the 
king was. And, when he saw that he could in no ways entice 
him, then he went to him, and said, * Good man, for that yon may 
be placed out of danger in cases which at all times will hap- 
pen, seeing that you are alone, I have consecrated the body of 
Jesus Christ, that you may adore it evciy day, since you may 
not hear Mass; and thu<i you may fulfil your penance as a 
fidthfal Christian.* And with that he dispeedcd himself, say- 
Ag, *In tlie coffer upon the altar you will find the Corjms 
Ghristi: when j'ou rise from hence, go and adore it.* When he 
bad said this, he went his way; and the king believed that 
what he said was true, and held that he was a good man, and 
of holy life. 

** Chap. 249. — Ihw the Holy Ghost visited Kiiuj Don Rodrigo. 

** Now, when the king had ended his prayers, which he used 
to say every day before he took his food, he saw a good man 
come towards him, clad in white garments, and with a fresh 
countenance and a chcci'ful, and a cross upon his breast; and, 
as he arrived where the king was, he blessed him. And, when 
the king saw him, he perceived that it was a revelation of God; 
and he joined his hands, and placed himself on his knees upon 
the ground, weeping plentifully. And the holy man said, 
* King, who art desirous of heavenly glory, continue the service 
which thou art performing for the love of my holy name; and 
take heed lest the enemy overcome thee, as he who many times 
hafij overcome thee, whereby thou hast come to what thou now 
•r*. And believe none of all tho*e who may come to thee here; 
Ibr they come for no other cause but- only to deceive thee, an 1 
withdraw thee from the service which thou dost mo. And 
always observe the rule given thee by the holy man whom 
thou burieilst; for I am content with it; and thy soul shall 
v^ceive refreshment if thou observest it. Come here, and I 



898 (touTiiEva roEMs, 

will tbow Ib«a tow the Deiil Ibouglit to drcciVD the*, (bat 
Ihou mighiui adara hiin.' TtiBo Uio klug BroHi nud wuil, 
•Iway utKui bis linM4, (bUuwuig Uia Huly Sliirit oT Uud; bihI, 
wbsD bo wu wilhin clao litimlUigo, our t.unl ipkke, and Mid, 
* Depart fram bsnoo, tbou oontii one, uid g<> tlif way ! tin ttuni 
bail no power Is deualve bim who cuitlutm la m; Mrric*. 
Q«t thm to ibe liifimil puini wlihih am luUsnid by Uinu wlw 
an iu ilm ointb torment 1 ' And at tUat bimr Uw 
MW lioiT troiD Uie ark, whlcli wu upon tbs oltv, Iber* d 
out a tbul atid filthy devil, wltb mora tliiui Hriy lailt,u 
miiuy tjei, whu, uilcriiit; greiit yalln, dapurtad trom tb 
And tbe kiog M'lit grenily dlnmajed Kl tlio mannBr li 
tte fklso berroit had deceived lilm. And tliu iluly Spirit of Ood 
nddlohim, ' King, let lUy hope be iumy tuiine,aiidIivilla]«S7 
ha Willi lliee, to ibuu will iioc let tbyoelf lie VBuquuUeil hy Uia 
nomy.' Tbflu the Holy Spiril o! Uod dnparMili and Ibe klitj 
rawaiiivd Aill joyftil and greatly comfonad, aa if ho had been 
In oolaiUa] glory. Ami Ibiu he oontiDiied bi* life lornmrfy 



"Obap. !V>. — Hot At Ditil XKHiU hanilttrirfd JCini/ Dan Bod- 

rij/o in ihtjlj/tut oj OnrM Don Julian. 
"The king wiu in tui urutory one Sunday toward nightfall, 
;mt ai the >uu wiu mUIue, u lien be tiw n man coining towanl 
blio, clad in auch giliM aa i> dttlng for one w 






1 liel 



it:>oi> 



Jnlliin who appnHiebBd, and 
came a great poner of aniwd people. And the falia count, 
wbaii ba drew uigb. iniido otieiMuco In him; aod the king wai 
■mazed at aeelng hlu, fi>r he knaw him wail : narcrtbDla* be 
nunalned itUI. And Ihe liilw nouul came to hbii, and would 
lutve Idsied hit baud; bat the king would not gin li, n 
would be liiB up (hum Ibo oratory. * And Ibo bUe couul 
apoii ihe ground befora him, and tuid, ' Sir, tbnuiuuoh m 
he wbu eioiied ugulmt tbee, like ■ nun wbu ii a traitor K 
Ivrd, and at 1 did it witli great wrath and fury, whloll fl 
teiied my heart tbrougb ibo an-ongtb of the UovU, our Lon 
Oud halh kail cotnpiggion npon me. and xould not that I tbould 
b« Ultvljr lent, nur thai iii«iu ihuuM be (tiutroyeil, n«r thM 



NOTES TO RODERICK. 899 

th<m, sir, sbonldst be pnt down from thy great honor and state, 
and the great lordship which then hadst in Spain ; and he has 
shown me, in a rerelation, how thou wert here in this hermit- 
age doing this great penance for thy sin«. Wherefore I say to 
diee, that thon shonldst do justice upon rae, and take ▼eu' 
geance according to thy will, a^ upon one who deserves it; fori 
acknowledge that thon wert my lord, and also the great treason 
mto which I have fallen. Wherefore, sir, I pray and beseech 
thee, by the one only God, that thon wilt take the power of 
Spun, which is there awaiting thee, and that thou wilt go forth 
to defend the faith of our Lord Jesus Christ, and suffer not 
tiliat poor Spain should be utterly destroyed, seeing that thon 
canst defend it and protect it.' And then Count Julian drew 
his sword, and gave it to the king, saying, *• Sir, take this my 
sword, and with thine own hand do justice upon me, and take 
foch vengeance as thou pleasest ; for I will suffer it with much 
patience, seeing I have sinned against thee.* And the king 
WHS greatly troubled at his sight, and at his words al*o, and 
knew not what he should do, neither what he should say. 
Mo'^beit, presently he called to mind what the Holy Spirit of 
God had said to him, how he should take heed lest the Devil 
should subdue him; and so he said nothing, but continued in 
his prayer. And the false Count Don Julian said to him, * Sir. 
wilt thou not turn for the holy faith of Jesus Christ, which is 
utterly going to destruction ? Rise up and defend it, for I bring 
thee a full great power; and thus thou wilt ser\'e God, and 
recover the honor which thou hadst lost. Rise, then, and go 
forth, and have pity upon miscnible Spain, which is about to 
be lost; and have compassion also upon so many people as are 
perishing for want of a lord who should defend them.* Now, 
all these words were only meant to deceive him ; for it was the 
Devil who had taken the form of Count Don Julian, and not 
the count himself. But the king could no longer restniin hnn- 
self from replying; and he said, * Go you, count, and defend the 
land with this force which von have assembled, even as von 
went to destroy it by the great treason which you committed 
against me and against G<><I ; and even as you brought the 
men, who are enemies of God and of his holy faith, and led 
them into Spain, so now thrust them out and defend it; for I 



BODTHET'B FOEMi. 




dof Look te it wall, *ir: U i> dd MrvSee of Gud ilial then 
khoaliUC let {writh vt great ■ CbristluilEy u it <iitef 4aj 
iwritliipg, bccauw thon ait liere iJwBUlDg In ilili »Dlitiul«i 
Look tu it; IWOod will require un aooonut at Uiy luiiilc tboa 
hndst the ohnrgc of lUfBiKliiig tliam, and tbou UttuI llioui ilia. 
And toll tu what eoam iball we lake.' And, w1«fii ilie kJaf 
heard lli«u wordi, lie wu mo*vd to compaulon, iiiul the Ittus 
■Buna liito bit eyei, fa thot ho ecald not roitmiii iIicid i and ba 
wiu in moll itiita Uial hi* tbaoghts failed hliiii a»il lie *iu 
■ilont, Biid mad* no reply to loy tiling that lliir muld my. 
Aiul all tbMe eoiupauiet who uiw bim unnpliilned ki iiiuob Uie 
luoce, Hiid Mii( ronh groat criea, nad ooda a gnnX luiuull lad 
upR«r, and Hiid, ' mlMmbla king '. wliy wilt Ihou not rouM 
tbyielf &r thy own cake, and for IhHt ol ill tliy ptiu]il«,wham 
tboa wait without a lord? And Ihuu wilt not btvii «|HBk • 
word to oamtott tlicm, and tell tliem wlmi Uioy abnll do.' And 
til Ihi* wbllath* king dill tMlhliig IJiu weep.itndanttturodttKai 
Hvar a irord. Aiid whau thO vile taue uw tliHl they mnM 
■M uka Um IVom theuee, and that ha ananared them oottain^ 
and that tliay oould Dot owcoma blm by wbaievet ihay ndjht 
to, ilioy TFOnt (brtbwlth from the mountain down into a plain, 
vhtsb waa than made U appear liefura the klug, nud Ibaia 
tbvy drew up their battla* in tuoh piiM u the Kiug Ooa 
Rodrigo »■* luod to dairain (licm. And eftwxHi bo taw patl 
ptultituilu of ilninge paoiile, wIhi ciune rtnm the olber tidai 
Kod they bagui u liatUa w llorce and ao vruel, that tba Ui^ 



XOTE« TO ttODE&ICK. 401 

tibcMg^ be kad oerer fieen ooe like it. Asd the one party pat 
the other to the vont, and ioDoved zftcr them in purf^uit ; and 
thcs there came mesMogers to the king, telling fa:m that his 
people had oooqaered, and had slain manv of the enemy: but 
the king was ooufooDded, and as it vere beside himself, and 
heeded doC, neither did he know ^rhat they s;aid, and he 
antwered nothii^ And then they al] went away, and seemed 
ia the king that the one were pursuing the others ; and this 
c«^tinaed tij] the first crowing of the cock. And the king 
reeoTcred his senses: howbeit he knew not whether it was a 
Tiskm, or if it had indeed happened ; lu: he called to mind that 
he had not completed the prayers which he maJe every day; 
and be b^an them sgniiu and fiuifheJ them. .\nd, when h« 
bad finished, great part of the night was piif-t, and he laid him- 
self down to sleep; and then, for three months, he had no 
other temptation. 

** Chap. 251.— Smt the Devil i* tU fgnrt of La Otdo, iU 
dmgkUr of Omml Don JuSom^ mm^ to dtceive King Don 
Bodrigo, 

** The king was saying his prayers at the hour of ve?perF, <m 
a Tuesday, when he saw people on horseback coming toward 
him ; and, as they were about the reach of a crcr-jlK' w from him, 
he saw that they alighted, and that there c^me toward him a 
woman, who was full nobly clad. And, when she cnme near, 
lie knew her that she was La Cava, the daughter of Count Don 
Jnlian; and she seemed to him more l»eautiful than he had ever 
liefore seen her in his life. And, when she drew nigh, she 
bumbled herself, and f^aid, * Sir, what fi.>rtune h:is brought you 
to this wretched life, in which yt»u have k) long continued?' 
And the king held his peace, and said nothing. And that 
£ilse Cava said, * Sir, it is a month since a holy man, clad iu 
m btte garments, and having a red cro>s upi>n his breast, ap- 
peared to me when I was with my father Count Don Julian in 
T«>ledo; where he now holds the seat of the lordship of Spain, 
tfs he who, b}' force of arms, has subdued the Moor$, and killed 
<c made captives of them all. At the hour when this holy 
man appeared to me, 1 was al<»ne in my chamber, having great 
sorrow in my heart, becau<^e I had no certain news where yon 
vox* IX. 2 D 



402 SOCTIIEl-'s rOKMS. 

vu, and wbother yxnt Mnl cootliiiud Id IJv« id ttiU world tr 
Id *iioibor{ nnJ tnomiviir I vat Tull uinnwru], bUMuw or tlie 
dsKth o( my My ihe Qu«eu Eliici, your *rir«, who !• now 
daowuet]. Anil fnr thitse tbingi mir hmrt wrts foil Forroirral, 
Rod in grent trouble wiih gvioh mid thoughn, wliieb cnmft to 
me t know not Trom whence, and I wna Ilka ona beren nf b!* 
juilgmeiil. Auil, while I wu coDleiuplatliig in lhl> atatc, Hw 
tioljr iiino njipenrvd lo me in lucli wibb u t hove uilH, and hU 
to me, " orwUiit nrl tliou tiiking tlionghi? Cense U 
Girwitliout mo ihnu ouut do nothing eertiin orih*t«' 
thou ilMiroit. But that the dominion uf Sgwiii may nnl 4 
kwHy Truui the power of llie Gothi, and thst ha w 
It mKj desoend (roai thy teed, imd be of the gimemiiim ei 
King Don Rodrlgo, it i> my will thnl thon nhnulilai knnw 
where he It, uid thnt thuu ehonldst go tu him, nnA that he 
thonld gu ill uiilo tliee, and Ihnt Ihiiu thouldnl oDneeira of 
him aeon, and ilialtoell liii nime I'elbcmiin : the nhleb ihall 
b« lueb a one, Ihul he *bnU reduce nnder hi> (Lre« all the 
MTth which is I»Idw the flnnnmeiil. Dc|>nrt, thenlbre, Cnm 

Ibr llio* It biilinoTetb Tor the tprrlcn of Ooii, md for the woni 
•nd piute«llo» and defcuoc of the Innd," And I inld to him, 
" Sir, bow con Ihii bo which you toll me, teeing thnl IQiig 
Don Kadri|<n it dead? for hii envmiea >lew him when lli«j 
won Uie biittio in which the grent chlmlry of Spnin perl»heil." 
And iie i^d to mo, " Cdtd, think not he ii dead ; Ibr he Ureilt, 
ftnd piuMih bli Ulb alone in a herm1ins'> ^ the which th j 
biher Count Don Jullun will certify ihaei Ibr he went to H>ek 
him Ihan, and IV>u»d him Ihera when he nrerennie Ihe Unori. 
He win taH thoc that be li nlixe, and In whnt pinm it th« ter- 
miCago wherein h« abidetb." And I mid to him, " But. tl 
Elng Don Roddgo pouolb bti lilb snoc thii mniiner In the 
larriceiirOod, ha will not appniacb ma Ihnt I miiir onnrriva 
of hSm thli (<in who (ball pmve an goml. And, ilnre It thua 
liloaiei yon, ginj me ■ ilgn by whiob I may ehow him lb«l 
Ihl* i* platuiflg to God, and that he mny do tlili which yoo 
nr, leeiiig ■» giait (pHXl !• to follnw frma IL And, nyiw- 
Oiwr, he will bo bronRht la tneh wenhniH Ihnt he will nrt Ire 
able to obey, by rMMm of the grent nbitinanea la which hb 



NOTES TO BODERICK. 403 

body has been sabjected daring his continuance there/* And 
the holy man said to me, ** Care not for this, for God will give 
him strength ; and thou shalt say to him, for a sign that he 
may believe thee, how I told him that he should take hood 
I^t the enemy deceive him, and how I bade the Devil depart 
from the altar where he was in the ark instead of the Corpus 
Ciiristi, for that he should adore him. When thou tellcst him 
this, he will believe thee, and will understand that it is by the 
command of God.** And when he had said these words, he 
disappeared, so that I saw him no more; and I remained for a 
full hour, being greatly comforted, because I know of your 
life, so that it seemed to me there were no other glory in this 
world. And, when I came to myself, I went incontinently to 
my father Count Don Julian, and told him all that had befallen 
me with the holy man who came in that holy vision; and I 
asked him if he knew aught concerning you. And he told 
me how he had gone to you with all his chivalry to bid you 
come out from thence to defend your country, which the ene- 
mies had taken from you, and that you would not, but rather 
commended it to him that he should undertake it, and defend 
the land and govern it; and that it grieved him to think that 
you would not be alive, because of the great abstinence 
which you imposed every day upon your flesh: nevertheless, 
since it pleases our Lord that I should have a son by you, who 
should be so good a man that he should recover all Spnin, ho 
would have me go to this place, where I should find you, if 
you were alive; and right content would he be that there 
should remain of you so great good. And 1, Sir King, seeing 
how it pleased God that this should be accomplished, according 
as I have said, nm come here in secret; fvr neither man nor 
woman knowetli of this, save my father Count Don Julian; 
for I have told my people who came with me to remain yonder, 
because I would go and confess to a holy man who had made 
his abode here more than fifty years. Now, since God is the 
author of this, recover yourself, and remember the time when 
you told me that there was nothing in the world which you 
k)Ted so much as me, nor which you desired so greatly as to 
obtain a promise of me; the which I could not give at that 
hoar, by reason that the queen was living, and I knew it to be 



aOCTHETS FOGUS. 



le bore; and *1h beoiua Ij 



iO-1 

trcKtsin. Aa<1, If 1 •mraa to yoa Dow. <t !■ bj m 

(iod, Ua il plui 

■luiicti U 110 liiiigar lu this present liru. Aiul, becitiiie , 

w RiUeu NWK]- of yuur tirangth, lit tu go inio tha hii 

or I will onkr a ton! to (« pincod liar«, iind let tu mp I 

ttlikt yaur heurt may revive, luul you mny fulfil lbs oc 

ofOod.' 



"As Ibe king lieurd all Uiii, lili whole body bagiui 1 
troulile, Biid liis aoiil vtitlilii liim bIbo; and nil •ema ■ 
(fowor {ui'Md avny fnnn liiin, M that ho nai 
aoil tLeii it hu nlvealed to bim that bo (faould Uka b 
aigiiiint tliBi teiDptatiun. Ami tli* ThIh Cavii, who *i 
tliuA eiitniiiofil. mode mniiy bornirg torclivt uT was como th 
bj- rsaWD tliot ft WM cold, nnd boonau that Ilio king al 
dartve beat; alto Ibere wai n patiUon pllcbad tbwe, ai 
talila wt witliin It, witb tnany viandi tbomiDj 
people obo oatno wlih bor wers laon lo lodge tbamwI'i'M ■ 
Birity upon tba mouulaln. And, wbon ho hod loooTorod tf 
aalf, ha naw that lb< CJm Cara wai dreued iu a c]o<e4ct^ 
kirlle, whicb cums hiOf vny Iwluw llieknMi Bud alia Mag 
U) him lbs fklratt woman Uxm be had aver Men in hli U 
and it appoarod to tb« king Uut >he aild to blm, * Ilei*, j 
come and take your Eupper.' And tbs king began a) 
trtmhld aud Irtae bit judgment, and Ml Inio sach a atal 
ha kuew nut whara ha Vrna; ami U wa> rtvnalad to him] 
tlinl bour thai be •hunld gnurd agaimt tho tetuptatioa. 
whoa ha coma to himaelf, be law that the pavilion w 
ontr bit bead; and, loaing Ulmtalf In thai place, ha looked 1) 
the orelory, and perceived Uuit U wai whera il u. ~ 
Bod rriihlo th* pavilion he >aw the lUae Cava, who 
with bim, and thai aba <ra> itindliig betide a ImkI, 
a full rich one, und that ibe be^n lu lake ciB' liar klr1h4 d 
remained in ber ilillt only, and with hsr long h 
readied lu bar R-tt; and the Niid to him, ' Sec, tir, b*i«.1 
your power that which you nuwt Jetlred, ami wb 
BWBltJHg you. Kejolce, tbao, and take baait, a 



NOTES TO RODERICK. 405 

vhtch GoU has appointed, and Mrhich will recover Spain, and 
recompense the losses and sorrows and wrungs which you have 
eoduTed.* And then she turned toward the king; for the Devil 
thought thus to tempt him, and make him brenk t}ie penance 
vhich he had begun; and certes I ween there wa^; no living 
man who would not right gladly have approjiched her. And 
then before him, in his sight, she began to comb and to plait 
her golden locks. And the king, seeing how beautiful she 
was, began to tremble all over as if he had boen struck with 
palsy; and he lost his judgment again, and became entranced, 
and remained thus a long while before he came again to him- 
self. And it was revealed to him again that he should take 
heed how the Devil tempted him, and that he should havb 
firm hope in God, and not break the penance which the holy 
hermit had appointed him. But, ever when he recovered 
fh>m these trances, he forgot all which had been revealed to 
him while he was entranced; and now he found that there was 
a large ettrado placed by him, and that La Cava was lying 
there beside him on some pillows, which were richly wrought 
in gold, undressed as he had seen her, and that she said to him, 
' Come, sir; for you tarry long, and it will soon be daybreak.' 
And, the king seeing her so near him, then he was greatly 
troubled, yet could he not withdraw his eyes from her; but he 
called to mind how the Holy Spirit of God had bade him that 
he should always confide in his name, and place his true hope 
in the sign of the cross. And he clasped his hands, and lifted 
them towards heaven ; and weeping bitterly, and in great con- 
trition, he said, * Lord and very God Jesus Christ, deliver 
me from all temptation, and preser\'c my soul, that it full not 
into perdition ! * And, while he was praying thus, he saw how 
there came from the hermitage a great brightness ; and he said, 
' Deliver me, Lord, from the power of the Devil, that I may 
not be deceived, nor withdrawn from thy holy service ! * And 
at that hour he made the sign of the cross upon his forehead, 
■od blessed himself; and at that hour the false Cava fell down 
tlie rock into the sea, with such a sound as if the whole world 
were falling to pieces; and, with the plunge which she made, 
Uie sea dashed up so high, that, where the oratory was, the 
kinf was wetted with the spray; and ho remained in such 



406 SOCTHET's roEMS. 

Mtniilihiniiiit Iliiit he could not for on hoar net 
And, vrlian lig ornna to liimtsir, ha begnti to pmy wllh gr«rt 
np«Dtaac«, lu it he had btnn on llio point of fnlUiig into (stop- 
UdiMi. And the Holy Sjiirit ot God oaui« to tilm <ii tbit him 
nuaner In whtcti he hid tt«n II the {ormer timet ■od b 
aa hh fliee npoii the ground, siid bcfcnn la Ixinent 
NRd toiiiy, ■ Lord, haTamara/npoD m^ itnil, bihI tbrukafl 
iiolninniig niliiftaiiemiei, vlio vouIJ wUbdniw mvIVani it 
And the tlo'y Spii-lt Mid to Uioi, ' O king, oT lilUc (nllh, b 
liatt thoQ ^«m on llis potol or perinhlngl ' And th« k 
mado no ntply, for b« did noUdng but weepi and llw S 
Spirit of tiwl wid M hrm, 'Y>ko h«ed, king, leri U ~ 
dM«<vB Iliefl, imdhHTS power over lb*e,thiilIhouabon1dMd 
fbiai llie peiintiee wHIoh llinii Intx ooinmenced, neither u' 
thy toul.' And the kitig lined up hl> eoantwiKnce, i 
great tliamo lu behold biin. lluwbelt be took Mntiga, d 
■aid, ' Liml hiir* mercy u{ion in>, nnri let me not ba t«ii]p| 
by the eneuiy 1 Ibr my beart ii wenk, and hnlb tio poW 
delbnd Iti^rlf >ign)njt th< ftilfe one; for my jadgment \» d 
eonfoutidod, m one who hath no virtue If be be cot ai ' 
thy gnice. Deliver me, Lord, for thy hnly mercy And • 
paielonl My Mlnlloa cntinot euine throng Uia 
my heart; for it 1« oholly hill or hur, like a thlof* whldj 
overcome.' And the Holy Spliil of God Mid to ' 
Gonrsge, nnd feHr lud; Tor thou ilmli depiirt from Ihia p 
•uotier than thou thiukeet. And, when It ia time, I will gnM* 
lliee lo the plnee where tliou ihnlt do thy penance, that thy 
wnlbay receive eelvntiaii. When thou ahnlt tee ■ Ulde Wblta 
doud appsHr nlnivs tbee, and that there ia no other in tl: 
fbllow nfter it i and In the place where It ahall flop ahalt I] 
ttttOl thy penance, aeoordlng ai the chler prieel It 
•hull ippninl It titea. And take lieari, and alwny eall in m 
my hnly nam*, anil have true faith anil conainni hope In H 
Serbitir.' And, when be bad add thii, be deperled. And B 
king VEU greeily eomlbrtcd, and fnil of gnue, *j one « 
whom God **t prewnl In bb mercy; ami he abode in K 
bennEla^ a whole year, aeonrdlng lo hia reekOnlnjt,aiulI«N| 
daya more. And one day, when ft wai fall clear, tbt k 
looked np, and mw ebove him tlie eload of wbleti the IT 



NOTKS TO RODERICK. 407 

Spirit of God had told him; and, when he saw it, he was full 
joyful, and gave many thanks to God. Nevertheless, the king 
did not rise from his prayers, neither did the cloud move from 
above him ; and, when he had finished his prayers, he looked 
at the cloud and saw that it moved forward. 

" Chap. 268. — How Kiny Don Rodrigo departed Ji-om the Hef» 
mitage, and arrived where he was to do penance. 

" The king arose from the oratory, and followed the cloud ; 
and so great was the pleasure which he had, that he cared not 
for food, neither remembered it, but went after that his holy 
guide. And at night he saw how the cloud, when the sun was 
about to set, turned to the right of the road toward the moun- 
tains; aud it went on so far, that, before night had closed, it 
came to a hermitage, in which there was a good man for a 
hermit, who was more than ninety years of age, and there it 
stopped. And the king perceived that he was to rest there, 
and the good man welcomed the king, and they spnke together 
of many things. And the king was well contented with his 
speech, and saw that certes he was a servant of God. And all 
that day the king had not eaten ; and he was barefoot, and his 
raiment tattered; and as he had not been used to travel afoot, 
and with his feet bare, his feet were swollen with blisters. 
And, when it was an hour after nigiit, the hermit gave him a 
loaf, full small, which was made of rye, and there were ashes 
kneaded with it, and the king ate it; and, when he hud eaten, 
they said prayers. And, when they had said their hour?, they 
lay down to sleep. And, when it wius nndnight, the}' arose, 
and said their hours; and, when they had said them, the king 
went out of the hermitage, and saw that the cloud did not move. 
And then the king understood that he had to Uwry here, or 
that he was to hear Mjiss before he departed; and he asked the 
hermit to hear his confession, and the hermit confessed him. 
And, when he had confessed, he said that he would communi- 
cate; and the good hermit saw tliat it was good, and he put 
on his vestments and said Mass; and the king heard the Mass, 
And received the very body of our Lord Jesus Christ. And, 
irhen the king had done this, he went out to look at the cloud. 
ILnd, aa he went out of the hermitage, he saw that tho 



408 



SOCTHEl 



n hs iliipeinled hlmwlf fivca 



olond liegtin In iniiTe; nnd Qirt 
the bormlt, nnd they cuibncetl Bnih otlier wenpinf;. 
CDtreatod tlie oilier ttml h« iroulit bMt hltn in miu 
member b<m in bi» prayen. And, irben tbe kitii 
peeded himseir, he followed nflerbii ho)}> giilde, ini] the holy 
biniiil returned tii hit hennltoge. And Uie Kitin Ron Rodrisc^ 
notwHhiilniidlng hli A>et vtere awollen mid full ur bli»ten, uhI 
thai ax uuiuy pluce* Ihey were broken and bleeding, tneb 
■nd (o grmc wru Ihe joy which he TelC nt foitig on in the 
GODtM which he iiow helil, iIimI bs endured It nil u Uiongh h( 
Ml nothing. And he went, nccording na ![ wiHnied lo him, fuD 
*ix lengnpt, nnd nrrlved nl n eonvenl of Bluck Hoiike; mtifl 
Ihcre tlie cloud »top]>ed, nnd wonld proceed no ferther. And 
M Ibit conrent Iherc vna nn nbhot, wlio led nn extraordlBarr 
good uid holy 111%; and they *tn not there like otber monkf; 
»nd he wa« a greiit IVieud uf Gixl, nnd of onr f^dy the Vir^ 
St. Unry. And tlili abbot look the king to fab cell, nnd Mked 

if lie would eat ai he was want lo do, or 

■ud tbe king (Old thivl he would dn n* he thenld dlneel bin. 
And tliealliolonlered thalalonf nhoold h« brought of 
and mnize mUsd together, and a Jar of »i 
tide lie bad tbod pfaued toch m the monka uted; and 1h* 
irauld ent aid/ of tbe pannio bread, as he had bci 

uked htm if he would remnln that night or noti 
tald that he knew not, but that he wonld fpiont an 
be were to go or to reinnin. And the abbot tald that It wi 
hour of v(»por>, and Ihnl be ought lo rematn; and tl)i 
went not and (ow Hint tbe cloud morad, 
him to go; nnd he dv'pee'lpd hlmwlf from the abbot, and Itity 
commended ibemHlvu ench to Ihe ottier in hii prayer*. And 
Uie abboi Mw pbilnty hnw that cloud hnrl Kulded blm. and bow 
there W]ui no Other in Ihe nky; anil he marwlie'l E'*al>y< and 
Mid. ' Certea Uili Is tome holy nan i ' and lir pive tbanki tu 
Ood. And the king went on that evening till he rnroe to ■ 
ehurdi which wm villtary and remote from peopled placeai 
<uid Uieru the ctiiail «to|i[ied, and he ahnde there lliil night. 
And the king went into tbe oliitrvh, and Ibanil in il a lamp 
buralng; nnd it r<yoiced Ulm mueh. fbr by tbe light of It fai 



I bin. 

I 



« 



NOTES TO RODERICK. 409 

Mid his hours m well before he should sleep as after. And on 
the morrow, when he hnd inndo his pmyer, he went out of the 
ehurch, and beheld the cloud, and snw thut it moved; and he 
went after it, and after two days' journey he cnmc to a place, 
which where it is, or what it is called, is not f>nid, snvo that it 
is the place of hiv burial, for such it is. And there the clouil 
stopped, and proccc<led no farther; and it rested without the 
town over an ancient hcnnitage. And the elder of that place 
incontinently knew by the Holy Spirit how King Don Rodrigo 
was come there ; but he knew not his name, neither who ho was. 
And he asked him if he meant to lead hin lif(> there; and he 
Viswered, that it was to be as God should please. And the 
elder said to him, * Friend, I am the elder of this place; for 
all the others, when they knew that King Don Hudrigo and his 
chivalry were slain and vanquished, fled from hence for fear 
of the Moors and of the traitor Count Don Julian, and they 
all went to the mountains to escape. And I remained, putting 
my trust in our Lord God and in his holy liandn; for that I ' 
would rather abide that which may befall, ami take my ad- 
venture here, than utterlv for.-akc our mother holv church. 
While I am able, I will remain here, and not for>akc it, but 
nther receive my death; and therefore 1 wiy, that, if y(m are 
to abide here, you must provide yourself of that whereof you 
have need.* And the king sc-d, ' Friend of God, concerning 
my tarriance I cannot certify you, though hurcly I think thai 
I shall abide; and if, for the 8er\'ice of Go<l, you will be pleaded 
to send me, every day that 1 remain, a loaf of painiic and 
water, I shall be contented therewith.' And the elder pro- 
mised this, and departed forthwith and went to his home, and 
sent him a loaf of punnic and water. And the cloud rr-nnuned 
there three days over that hcnnitage; and, when the three 
days were at an end, it was seen no more. And the king, 
when he could no longer sec it, undcn>too<l thut there he x.1u^t 
perform his penance, and gave many thanks to G^hI, and was 
AdJI joyful thereat And on the morrow the elder came to see 
Um; and they coinmune«l with each other in such manner, 
that the king confe«sed to him all the f'm^ wiiich he had cam- 
mitted daring Ids whole life till that time, all which he callcil 
to mind witli great contriti<jn, vbee])ing full bitterly, and 



410 



souTHcr'a roEU$. 



pnaniii^ tor Iili crrora kad rim. Anil (he elder iru graalty 
HlDnlih'il , nii'l <n!tl, thiit on ths third day trom tlicuM IM 
-wmld nppolnt bim liii pennnM. And he want lo hl> church 
■nd onfcticJ, >nil oililrowed hlmtoir to pnym In inch gitim 
tbnt ha iielclor ate nor ilntik, iior ralncil liimmlf from a 
place, wHf [iliig Litlerlir, uid beiBealitng Old that ha ■ 
(how him ttlmt peiinnce ho tlioald appoint tiia kingi (or m 
no othvr iniiuncr did he think [d appoint II llinii tueb v 
My merry nnrl ooinpruiloii should diroat. And d 
day ha hsnnl a vnic*, which tidd thut: ' Commiiiiit Kiiig i 
RodrlgO thai iie go Id a Tounlain which la belovr bi> hemiitf 
and ha chnll HnH thsre a ■inoolh stouej and Ijld Iilm IE 
up, and under U ho «hnll And tlirea little aerpenta, Ibe one hi 
lag two hands. Aiid bid him taka that which halh two head*, 
and CU17 it Hway, aiiit place It in a jar, niid uarea It aecreUy, 
ao Ihnt'no jieniin in Ihe world shall Icwiw thereof, uura only te 
and thou: and let hlin kMp it 1III It wax to ffvtX that ft h 
mode Clirofl tiinu wtthln Iha JHr, and pDU lU h«ad out 
when II i) of Ihnt grentneu, then let him tak* II out, ni 
It In a tiinib Mhicli hi tlmra, unil lie ilown hliaulf w 
mkati; mill clone lh« lomli well, Ihjit Ihn Mrprnil lony 1 
able to go oni. And in tlili munner God it plenied that Elns 
Don Rodrieo thould do pennnce.' 

"Ohnp. in. — Of At ptmnte irfiiVi imi OT^puiBlal King I 

'■The elder, when he liennl tlie voice, wat graaUyai 
■tao rigumua n penatice a* llilt.and |pive many Ihank* to0 
■nd he went lo King Dun Bulrlgv, and told him the it 
how he liad lienrd the roice; and the king wa> fttll joylVil ai 
oonlenl ami pleased tlierewlih, and gnTO many tbauka to 
Lord, for Ihnt lie tlinuid now enmpleta his panancji, and aa 
hi> «<)Dt. And tlieiDwith in gnrat Joy, and il 
lean Ihr plmiura, ha went to Ihe (iraiitnin m he hod \ 
direoted, and found Uia amoath atone. And, wben b* % 
lifted it Up, he found Ibe throe wrpenti according aa the i|" 
liail lalili aiid he look thni which hnd two lieuda, rod b« d 
it and pot 11 in ■ grout Jar, such aa would l<e a lai^e w 
Ml, and tiariixl it there till It woi of nicb bigooM at tl 



NOTES TO RODERICK. 411 

had said. And, when King Don Rodrigo saw that it was of 
this bigness, he confessed to the elder, weeping full bitterlj, 
demanding faror of God that be would give him grace and 
strength with patience to fulfil that penance without any 
temptation or trouble of soul; to the end that, the penance 
being completed, it might please our Lord God to receive his 
soul into his glory. And before the fifth day, after the sequent 
was thus big, the king nnd the elder went to the tomb, and 
they cl^insed it well within; and the king placed himself in 
it naked as he was bom, and the serpent with him, and the 
elder with a great lever laid the stone upon the top. And 
the king besought the elder that be would pmy to our Lord to 
give him grace that he might patiently endure that penance, 
and the elder promised him; and thus the king remained in 
his tomb, and the serpent with him. And the elder consoled 
him, saying to him many things to the end thnt he might not 
be dismayed, neither fall into despair, whereby he should lose 
the service of God. And all this was so secret that no man 
knew it, save only the king and the elder. And, when it was 
daybreak, the elder went to the church and said Mass, with 
many tears and with great devotion beseeching God that he 
would have mercy and compassion upon King Don Hodrigo, 
that with true devotion and repentance he might complete his 
penance in this manner, which was for his service. And, when 
he had said Mass, he went to the plnce where King Don Rod- 
rigo lay, and asked him bow he fared; and the king answered, 
* Well, thanks to God, and better than he deserved, but that as 
yet he was just as when he went in.* And the elder strength- 
ened him as much as he could ; telling him that he should call to 
mind how he had been a sinner, and that he should give thanks 
to our Lord God, for that he had visited him in this world, and 
delivered him from many temptations, and had himself ap- 
pointed for him this penance ; the which he should suffer and 
take with patience, for soon he would be in heavenly glory. 
And the king said to him, that he well knew how, according 
to his great sins, he merited a stronger pennncc ; but that he 
gave many thanks to our Lord Jesus, for that he himself had 
given him this penance, which he did receive and take with 
great patience; and he besought the elder that he would con- 



Hnue lo pnj our Lord Ood thU b« would let bim fulfil IL 
And Ilia aldet Mid to hliu raauj good Ihlngi coiioaniiiig ant 
LurtI (iuil. And ttie king lair then llirta d&fs, diuing tU 
which time Ihe eerp«Qt irunlil not teitu on hiin. Anil whan tli* 
third dny, ni'tir Unit ho hud gotie into the tomb, wu oompleted. 
a* ui'penl rot* from bU aiila, aod crapt upon hi* Mil; ond hi* 
bmwt, Dud bagun nitli th* ona ha«d M oat ut hu nnturo, luid 
Wllb lli« ollxr slniglit Uiwitrd lili lioitrt. Aiid nt tlib IIiM 
tba elder ntne M the tnmti, and ulitd lilmhaw li« bired, Mid li« 
Mid, * Well, ihiuiki to God I for no« tlia tierpent had tMgtui to 
Ml.' Aiid the elder aiked him ai what plaeei end b« ao- 
awerad, at two, — wie rlgbl agiunal Ilie heart with vhioh b* 
liad aunceind all the ills lluit ha had iloae; and the olbat al 
hli colure, llie whloh had bvin the oanw of tlia grant duUno- 
tlon of Spain. And iho elder Hid that Ood *■* wltli him. 
and oxboited bitn that be abould be of ff»d coBragei lor Dow 
all h» pertccutlODia both of Uie body wid of tbe (oui, voold 
haiTa >D etid. And the king ooatad nal alwaja to damaiid help 
ot our lArd, Mid to Bnireal that ot hi* bolf merey ha wonld 
b« plnuail to forgive Mm. And tbe elder want to hit honut 
itud wonid not >eat Ulni*eir lu cat, bat rolinHl into bli eh«IB> 
b«r, and, weejiing, pniywl full devontt; to our Lord that be 
would give atreugth to Iba king tlial be might coiaplela U* 
peiwnue. And the Hq^nt, a* be wan dying fur liunger, and 
isurturar waa large, bid in one minute eaten the nalarei 
•Dd began to oat at the bowel* i saTcnheieu be did not e<U aa 
tut but Ibat tbe king endured lu Ui*t lonuent from an how 
btfbro nIgUl till It WB> patt tin middle of the day- And, when 
tbo Mupsul lireke Ibrougb tlie well uf llie heart, b« itald tba(«, 
and ate nn fanhor. And inFOUtineully Ih« king gnta D|, bit 
aplrll to our Lord, who by bit boly meny tooli hitn Into 
U* glin^l nnd, Bl tbal hour when bo expired, ail Ihe bell* 
of the pUico rang of tbonuolTe* a* If men bad rang ibeca. 
Than tbe elder knaw that tlie king waa dead, and that hia 



lamae Kewloa, bi bi» " Koiabio Ulaiory of tbe San 
I lo imagina Ihal tbi* itoiy i* allEgnrleal. " Kov 
" wbaraai It i* re|tort*<l and wriilen that be Mewl 



NOTES TO RODERICK. 413 

Btarre or a messenger of God, which conducted and guided 
him in his way; it may be so, and the same hath also hap- 
pened tc others; but it may as well also be understoode of a 
oertaine secrete starre moving and directing his will. 

•* And whereas they say he was put by that holy man into a 
care or hole, and a serpent with him that had two heads, 
which in twn days* space gnawed all the flesh off his body 
from the bones; this, beyng simplie taken and understanded, 
hath no likelihood of any truth. For what sanctity, what 
religion, or what pietie, comraandeth to kill a penitent person, 
and one thatseeketh comfort of hys afflicted mind by amend- 
ment of life, with each horrible torments and straungo punish- 
ment? Wherefore I woulde rather think it to bo spoken 
mysticallye, and that the serpent with two heads signifieth 
his sinful and gylty conscience." 



A humble tomb wasJimtuL — XXV. p. 274. 

Bow Carettet Jbund (he grave of King Don Rodrigo at T'lseo tn 

Portugal. 

"I, Carestes, vassal of King Don Alfonso of Leon, son-in- 
law of the Knight of God, King Don Pclnyo, when the said 
King Don Alfonso won Viseo from the Moors who held it, 
found a grave in a field, upon the which were written, in Gothic 
letters, the words which you shall here read. This gi-ave was 
in front of a little church, without the town of Viseo, and the 
superscription of the writing was thus : — 

" Of the wrUing which was upon the grave of King Don Rodrigo. 

** Here lies King Don Rodrigo, the last of the Goths. Cui-sed 
be the wrath of the traitor Julian, for it was of long endurance ; 
and cursed be his anger, for it was obdurate and evil ! For he 
was mad with rage, and stomachfnl with pride, and puffed up 
with folly, and void of loyalty, and unmindful of the laws, and 
a despiser thereof; cruel in himself, a slayer of his lord, a do- 
•troyer of his country, a traitor to his countrj'men. Bitter is his 
name, and it is as grief and sorrow in the mouth of him who 
pconoances it; and it shall always be cursed by all that speak 
of him.'* 



iu 



sorTnEr*s pokms. 



ThU venoiooa ehronlolvr. CtrttUs, t1i«n coneladm hi* trm* 
bMuiy III tticM wunli>: " And, b; Ibl> itbicb 1 bund vrilMa 
upon tJiu grate, I MU of mind Uiut Kln|; I>i>ii KiHlrlgo list Ibtrc; 
Mid bccniiae nf lli« lifs wtilcli lie led <n 1ii> pviiiteiiu, leoonl- 
ing u yt hive henn), wbldi nko wu In the Mine tomb wiiltm 
In aboakofpu^hmeiit,! believe without doubt thai it it tnia; 
>nd becRUac or the RT*"' perumce which be did, ihmt Goii wu 
pleuad IU nuika it huowu In rach maiiiier na it piuied, for IhOH 
wbu henafter thaii hnra lo rule and goTern, to tli« and that all 
men may aae how Miea pride it abiMd and hantilitv einltad. 
Tliii obronivla it oompoted in momor; of the nobis King Dod 
Bodrige ; that God pnnlan hii iiii», nnd that (ho San of the Vir- 
gin wlthoDt •tain. Juui Chrbl. bring lu lo Ime repontnncei, 
who Urelh and roignclh Tor ever and erer. Amen. Thanlti 
he to God!" 

1 believe tlie Aichliislinp Hodericli, of Toledo, L> the enrtiMt 
writer who mentiom this dloeoierjr. He died in 1S4T. Tha 
fccl may Totypouibly have been true; fbr ihore leems lo hnTB 
bean no Intention at aetliiig up a ihriiie eonnected with iL 
The arelihltbap't wonl- are ai TuUdw : — 

" Qniil da Bof[B R-ntoriuo aceiderit ignomlori lamon corona, 
vaiteB at insignia et calciainenUi laro et lapidlboi ndoniBta, «t 
aqnui qui Orella dlccbalur. tn looo Iremalo Jaxta fluvium line 
corporo >nnt ioTenln. Qoid auLnn de corpora fueril thetum 
jienltus Ignoratur, nial qnoit modariiiii tempi>ribiiii ajmd Vltcnn) 
oiTltKlum Pcirtngaltifa inscriplni lumulua inTtnitor, < Hie jicet 
Rodericui, iiltimii) Rex Quthoram.* MalrdiotM Ibror impini 
JaUaoi qnia pettiiiiix, al indlgnatln, quia dora ; inlEnonu 
iQdIicnatione, impeiuoini Airore, obllta* Udelitnila, imnemoi 
nliglouli, sonlemplor dMnltnlla, cradrlla in ae, homieida 
In itomhiDni, ho>Iii ia doawttlcaa, nutator In pHtitam, nnu in 
omim, memarla ^as lu oiunl ora ninareKet, el nomen ^u* 
in Btemuin pDlrsu»L" — Sad. IU. CS. g. IU. 

Lope do Vegn hai mnda thi* epitaph, with Uaaocotnpanrln( 
nBcolioiii, into iwo itamai of LaUn rhyjica, »blcb ooonr In 
dw Riidil of one of bl> long pocnia: — 

" Qoa >«l la aumpli^o Ru 111* 




SOTCi TC> SCMXICK. 4l3 



. £>>f»w>. 1. *l f W 



nm or tol. i. 



THE POETICAL WORKS 



OF 



EGBERT SOUTHEY. 



VOLUME X. 



p 
I 



J :3.T'i' 



» I kW^k 






^v y 



JOHN UAT, 



KOBBKT SODTHBT. 



THE POET'S 



PILGRIMAGE TO WATERLOO. 



ARGUMENT. 

The fint part of this poem describes a joamey to the scene of 
war. The aeoond is in an allegorical form : it exposes the gross 
material philosophy wliich has been the gaiding principle of 
the French politicians, from Mirabeau to Bonaparte ; and it 
states the opinions of those persons who lament the restoration 
of the Bourbons, because the hopes which they entertained 
from the French revolution have not been realized; and of 
those who see only evil, or blind chance, in the course of hu- 
man events. 

To the Christian philosopher, all things are consistent and 
elear. Our first parents brought with them the light of natural 
religion and the moral law; as men departed from these, they 
tended towards barbarous and savage life ; large portions of the 
world are in this degenerated state ; still, upon the great scale, 
the human race, from the beginning, has been progressive. 
But the direct object of Bonaparte was to establish a military 
despotism wherever his power extended; and the Immediate 
and inevitable consequence of such a system is to brutalize 
and degrade mankind. The contest in which this country was 
engaged against that tyrant was a struggle between good and 
evil principles; and never was there a victory so important to 
the best hopes of human nature as that which was won by 
British valor at Waterloo, — its effects extending over the 
whole dvilized world, and involving the vital interests of all 
mankind. 



4 BOOTHBY'a POEMS. 

Tbat vlclory lenves Englaad in teaurlC]' and peacs. In no 
■ge, and in no counDy, bu tnan aver existed aader clrcnin- 
(twjuBB so fiiTOniLls to the roll davelapmcut or big moml aiii 
InteUectunl fucultiea, u la EuglHod at thig tjme. Tbe puea 
nbioh abe biu hmii by the battle of Wnterloo, teavei ber at 
lelrare to pnnuo ibe great objgoti and dutlei of betieriag bar 
own cDndltion, and diS^uing tha bleulugs (if dilliiatioa aud 
Obriitiaiii^. 



Unce more I sec thee, Skiddaw 1 once agaio 

Bcbold ihee m \by mnjesty sereae, 
When.', like the bulwark of this favored plain. 

Alone thou stiindest, Monarch of the scene,— 
Thou glorious Mounttiin, on whose nmple br«tst 
The sunbeams love (o piny, the vapors love h> rest. 



Once more, O DerwentI lo thy awfiil shores 
I come, insatiate of the accustomed eight. 

And, listening as the eternal torrent roars, 
Drink in with eye and ear a fresh delight; 

For I have wandered far by land and sea, 

In all my wanderings still remembering thee. 



Tvrelve years, (how large a part of ""1" '" brj) 
Nor idly nor ingloriously spent. 



or CTil jnd cf good bare held iLdr wi^. 

Since first npon thj banks I p::cbe3 mr tent. 
Hidier I emie in maxhooS'^ acdve prime. 
And hen mj bead bath felt tbe loocb of time* 

Hearen batb witb gw*dhr increase West me bei>?, 
Wbere diildless ax>d oppressed wi:h grief I came 

Witb Toice of fenrent thankfulness sinctrv, 

Let me the blessings which are mine prix^laim : 

Here I pos&ess — what more should I :^^ql«^e? — 

Booksy children, leisure, — all m v heart's desire. 

5. 

O joyful boor, when to our longing home 

The long-expected wheels at length drew nigh ! 
When tbe first sound went forth, ^ Ther come, thev 
come!" 
And hope's impatience quickened everv eye ! 
**NeTcr had man whom Heaven would heap with 

bliss 
More glad return, more happy hour, than this.** 

6- 

AloA on yonder bench, with arms dispread. 
My boy stood, shouting there his father's name. 

Waving his hat around his happy hciid ; 

And there, a younger group, his sisters came : 

Smiling they stood with looks of pleaded surprise. 

While tears of joy were seen in elder eyes. 



SOtmiETS POEUS. 



Soon each and all caiue orowding roaod to i^luin 
Tlie coi'dial greeting, the belovM sight: 

WliHt wcloomlnga of hnnd anil lip were lliei-el 
Atid when those overltowings of doljght 

Subsided (o a sense of quiet bliss, 

Life liath no purer, deeper hapjiiness. 



The young companion of our weary way 
Found here the end desired of all her ills; 

She who, in sickness pining many a day, 
Hungered and thirsled for her native hilLi, 

Foi^lful now of suffering* past and pain, 

Bejoiccd lo fee her own dear home again. 



Recovered now, the bome«ick ii 

Sale hy the playmatv of her Infancy, 

Her Iwin-ltke comrade, — rendered doubly del 
For that long absenoe : Aill of life ma ebe, 

With voluble discourse and eager mien 

Telling of all the wonders she had seen. 

10. 
Her« silently between ber parents stood 

My dark-eyed BKrilia. timid as a dove : 
A'lii gcuily oft from time to time slie wooed 

l*i-essure of liand, w word, or look of love. 



THE poet's pilgrimage. 7 

With impulae slij of bashful tendemesd, 
Sohcidng again the wished caress. 

11. 

The younger twain, in wonder lost were they, 
My gentle Kate and my sweet Isabel : 

Long of our promised coming, day by day, 
It had been their delight to hear and tell ; 

And now, when that long-promised hour was come, 

Surprise and wakening Memory lield them dumb. 

12. 

For in the in&nt mind, as in the old, 

When to its second childhood life declines, 

A dim and troubled power doth Memory hold : 
But soon the light of young Remembrance shinei 

Renewed, and influences of dormant love, 

Wakened within, with quickening influence move. 

18. 

O happy season theirs, wlien absence brings 
Small feeling of privation, none of pain, 

Yet at the present object love re-springs, 

As night-closed flowers at morn expand again I 

Nor deem our second infancy unblest. 

When gradually composed we sink to rest. 

14. 

Soon they grew blithe as they were wont to be ; 
Her old endearments each began to seek : 



And Isnbel drew near to climb my kuL-e, 

And pill Willi fondling hand her i'niher's cheeki- 
Wiili Tuite and louoli and look, reviving thus 
Tlie feeliugB whidi Uad slept in long disuse. 

16. 
But Iheru stood ODe whose heart could entertain 

Aud comprehend the ftilne^s of the joy : 
The falhei', teacher, playmate, was again 
Come to hU otily and his studious boy ; 
A[id he beheld again ihnt mother's eye 
Which with such ceaseless care Iiad watched t 
infancy. 

16. 
Bring forth the treasures now, — a proud display M 

For rich as Eastern merchants we return 
Beliotd the black Beguiiie, the 8i8ler gray, 

The Friftiy whose heuds with solier molioi 
The Ark well filled with till lU imnierous hives, 
Koah and Shcm and ilam and Japhel, and I 



The tumbler, loose of limb; the wrestler* twain i j 
Aud many a toy be«ide of quaint device, 

Which, when his floccy troops no more can gain 
Their pasture on the mountains lionr with ice, 

Tlie Gennan shepherd carves with curious knife,.! 

Cai'ning in easy toil the food of frugal life. 



THE FOETUS PILGRIMAGE. 9 

18. 

It was a group which Ricliter, had he viewed. 
Might have deemed worthy of his perfect skill ; 

The keen impatience of the younger brood, 
Their eager eyes and fingers never still ; 

The hope, the wonder, and the restless joy, 

Of those glad girls and that vociferous boy. 

19. 

The aged friend serene with quiet smile, 

Who in their pleiisure finds her own delight ; 

The mother's heartfelt happiness the while ; 
The aunts, rejoicing in the joyful sight ; 

And he who, in his gayety of heart, 

With glib and noisy tongue j)ei*fbrmed the showman's 

part. 

20. 

ScofT ye who will ; but let me, gracious Heaven, 
Preserve this boyish heart till life's last day ! 

For so that inward light by Nature given 
Shall still direct and cheer me on my way. 

And, brightening as the shad<.\s of age descend, 

Shine forth with heavenly radiance at the end. 

21. 

This was the morning light vouchsafed, which led 
My &vored footsteps to the Muses' hill, 

Whose arduous paths I have not ceased to tread, 
From good to better perse viTing still ; 



10 sodtuet's poemb. 

Anil if bul self-npproTed, to prui« or blamp 
Intliffercnt, while I toil for lasting fame. 

And, O ye nyni|»lis of Cftstaly divine, 
Wliom I have ^uilfiilly served oo long ! 

BcnigitanI Co yonr votniy now incline 

That I may win your cnr wiih gentle wmg, 

Such ns, I wr,cn, is ne'er disowned by you, — 

A low, prelusive strnin, to iiniure true. 

23. 
But whi-n I reach at themes of loftier tliougtrt 

And tell of tilings anrpassing enrthly sensfl, 
(WLii^h by yourselves, Muses ! I am taught,) I 

Tlicn aid me with your ftiller influeuwi, 
And to the height of thai great argument, , 

Sup^rt my spirit in ber 6Lrong ascent I 

24. 
So may I boldly round my temples bind 

The laurel which my master Spenser wore; 
And, free in spirit us the mouDtnin wind 

That niHkes my symphony in this lone hour, 
Ko perishable son^ of triumph raise, 
Rut sing in worthy strains my Country's praisa ] 



THE POET'S PILGRIMAGE. 



11 



PABT I. 



THE JOURNEY. 



TCnf mlXmcTovtiv ydp 

'OtMf HoKOTTOi BeoL — .^schtlus. 



I. 



FLANDERS. 



1. 
Our world hath seen the work of war^s debate 

Consummated in one momentous day 
Twice in the course of time ; and twice the fate 

Of unborn ages hung upon the fraj : 
First at Plataea, in that awful hour 
When Greece united >mote the Persian's power. 

2. 

For had the^ersian triumphed, then the spring 
Of knowledge from that living source had ceiised 

All would have fallen before the barbarous King, — 
Art, Science, Freedom ; the despotic Ea^t, 

Setting her mark upon the mce sulxlne<]. 

Had stamped them in the mould of sensual ser- 
vitude. 



The second day was that wlien Martel bi'oke 
The Musjulmen, Uulivering Franco oppressed, 

Aiid, in one tmghty conflict, from the yoke 
Of misbelieving Mecca saved [ho Weat; 

Else had the lupo^lor's law deiitroj'ed the tiea 

Of public weal and private charitiee. 



Such was the rianger when that Man of Blood 
Burol from the iran Idle, and brought again, 

Like Satan rising from the sulphurous flood. 
Hid impious legions to the battle plain: 

Such, 100, wa^ our delivemtiee when the field 

Of Waterloo l>eheld his fortunes yield. 



I, wIm, with faith unshaken from the first. 
Even when the Tyrant seemed to touch Ibe si 

Had looked to ece the high-blown bubble burst, J 
And for a full conspicuous as his rise, 

Even in that fuitli had looked not for ilefeat 

So swift, so overwhelming, so complete. 



Ble most of all men it behooved to raise 
The stmin of triumpli for this foe subdued. 

To give a voice to joy, and in my lays 
Exalt a nalioriV hymn of gratitudei 



THE poet's pilgrimage. 18 

And blazon forth in song that day's renown ; 
For I was graced with England's laurel crown. 

7. 

And as I once had joamejed to behold, 

Far ofl^ Onrique's consecrated field, 
Where Portugal, the faithful and the bold, 

Assumed the symbols of her sacred shield, 
More reason now that I should bend my way 
The fields of British glory to survey. 

f 8. 

So forth I set upon this pilgrimage, 

And took the partner of my life with me, 

And one dear girl just ripe enough of age 
Retentively to see what I should see ; 

That thus, with mutual recollections fraught, 

We might bring home a store for after-thought 

a 

9. 

We left our pleasant Land of Lake?, and went 
Throughout whole England's length, a weary way, 

Even to the farthest shores of eastern Kent :• 
Embarking there upon an autumn day, 

Toward Ostend we held our course all night, 

And anchored by its quay at morning's earliest light 

10. 

Small vestige there of that old siege appears, 
And little of remembrance would be found, 



14 SOPTHKY's FOTM&- 

Wliun, for the ppara of tlirce long painful jotn, 

Tlie persevering Spaniard girt it round, 
And galliint youllis, of mnny n rculm from far. 
Went sludenl^ to that Lnsj- sctiool of war. 

11. 
Yet 9till those wnrs of obalinale defence 

Their le:4Sona offer lo thi; soldior b hand ; 

Large knowledge mny Che statesman dra 

thence ; 

And slill, from underneath the drifted sand, 

Soiuclime^ the storm or jiiissing loot lajs hare 

Part of the Imrvesi Death has gnihered there. 

14. 
Peace be wiihio thj- wulU, thou famous loim. 

For thy biuvc bearing in those tJmes of old I I 
Maj plenty thy industrious ehildren crown,- 

And prosperous merchants day by day behold 
Many a rich vessel, Irom llie injurious sea. 
Enter the bosom of thy quiet quay ! 



Embarking there, we glided on between 

Strait banks raiitvd high nbove the level land^l' 

^'ith many n rhecrful dwelling, white and g 
In goodly neighborhood on either hiind. 

Hugi?-limbM*<i bridges o'er the pnantge lay, 

Wliich wheeled iwide and gave us easy way. 



THE poet's pilgrimage, 15 

li. 

Four horses, aided bv the favorinjr breeze. 

Drew our gav vessel, slow and sletk and large ; 

Cradk goes the whip, the steersman at his ease 
Directs the way, and steady went the Karge. 

Ere evening closed, to Bruges tliU'? we came. — 

Fair city, worthy of her ancient fame. 

15. 

The season of her splendor i? gone by. 
Yet everywhere its monuments remain, — 

Temples which rear their stately heads on high, 
Canals that intersect the fertile plain. 

Wide streets and squares, with many a court and 
haU 

Spacious and undefaced, but ancient all. 

16. 

Time hath not wronged her, nor hath Ruin sought 
Rudely her splendid structures to destroy. 

Save in those recent days, with evil fraught, 
When Mutability, in dnniken joy 

Triumphant, and from all restraint released, 

Let loose th«i fierce and many-headed beast. 

17. 

But for the scars in that unhappy rage 
Inflicted, firm she stiuids and undccayed ; 

Like our first sires', a beautiful old age 
Is hers, in venerable years arrayed ; 



16 SOUTllEVS I-OEMS. 

And yet to liu benignant stars may bring, 
What fate denies to man, — a second spring. 

18. 
Wlien I may read of tilta in days nf old, 

And loumeys graced by chieftains of renown, 
Fair dtimes, grave ciii^ens, and warriors Iwld, 

If Fancy would portray some stiilely town, 
"Which for such pomp fit lieatre should lie, 
Fiiir Bruges, I shall then remember llici-. 

10. 
Nor did thy landscape yield me less delight. 

Seen from the rieck as slow it glided by, 
Or when beneath us, from thy IteU'roy's height, 

lis boundlesB circle met the bending sky; 
The walora sinoolh and straight, ihy proper boast. 
And linea of rood-^ide treea in long perspective lost, 

20. 
No happier landscape may on earth l>e seen, 

Ridi gardens all arouod and (Vuid\il groves, 
Wliile dwellings trim relieved with lively green, 

The pollard ibat the Flemli-b paiiiler lovea, 
With aapene (all and poplars fair to view. 
Casting o'er all the land a gray and willowy huo. I 

21. 
My I'll hath lain in scenes sablime and rude 

Wlierc slill devoutly I hnvc .served and raugbt I 



THE poet's pilgrimage. 17 

The Power divine which dwells in solitude. 

In boyhood I was wont, with rapture fraught, 
Aiaid those rocks and woods to wander free, 
"Where Avon hastens to the Severn Sea. 

22. 

In Cintra also have I dwelt erewhile, 
That earthly Eden, and have seen at eve 

The sea-mists, gathering round its mountain pile, 
Whelm with their billows all below, but leave 

One pinnacle sole seen, whereon it stood 

Like the Ark on Arai*at, above the flood. 

23. 

And now am I a Cumbrian mountaineer ; 

Their wintry garments of unsullied snow 
The mountains have put on, the heavens are clear, 

And yon dark lake spreads silently below ; 
Who sees them only in their summer hour 
Sees but their beauties half, and knows not half 
their power. 

24. 

Yet hath the Flemi?*h scene a charm for me 
Tliat soothes and win.s upon tli(; willing licart : 

Though all is level as the sleeping sea, 
A natural beauty springs from perfect art, 

And something more than pleasure fills the brea-r 

To see how well-(lirecte<i toil i< blest. 

VOL. X. C 



18 



southet's poems. 



25. 

Two nights have passed ; the morning opens well ; 

Fair are the aspects of the favoring sky ; 
Soon yon sweet chimes the appointed hour will tell, 

For here to music Time moves merrily : 
Aboard, aboard ! no more must we delay ; 
Farewell, good people of the FUur de Bled! 

26. 

Beside the busy wharf the " Trekschuit " rides. 
With painted plumes and tent-like awning gay ; 

Carts, barrows, coaches, hurry from all sides ; 
And passengers and porters tlirong the way. 

Contending all at once in clamorous speech, — 

French, Flemish, English, — each confusing each 

A« I . 

All disregardant of the Babel sound, 

A swan kept oaring near with upraised eye, — 

A beauteous pensioner, who daily found 
The bounty of such casual company ; 

Nor left us till tlic bell said all was done. 

And slowly we our watery way begun. 

28. 

Europe can boast no richer, goodli<,'r scene 

Tlian that through which our pleasant pa=sage lay 

By fertile fields and fruitful garden-si green, 
The journey of a short autumnal day : 



THE PO£T*S PILGRIMAGE. 19 

Sleek, well-fed steeds our steady vessel drew ; 
The heavenB were fair, and Mirth was of our crew. 

29. 

Along the smooth canal's unbending line, 

Beguiling time with light discourse, we went, 

Nor wanting savory food nor generous wine. 
Ashore, too, there was feast and merriment : 

The jovial peasants at some village fair 

Were dancing, drinking, smoking, gambling there. 

30. 

Of these, or of the ancient towers of Ghent 
Renowned, I must not tarry now to tell ; 

Of picture, or of church or monument ; 

Nor how we mounted to that ponderous bell, 

The Belfroy's boast, which bears old Roland's name, 

Nor yields to Oxford Tom, or Tom of Lincoln's 

fame; — 

31. 

Nor of that sisterhood whom to their rule 
Of holy life no hasty vows restrain ; 

Who, meek disciples of the Christian school, 
Watch by th<5 bed of sickness and of pain : 

Oh, what a strength divine doth Faith impart 

To inborn goodness in the female heart ! 

32. 

A gentle party from the shores of Kent 
Thus far had been our comrades, as befell ; 



80 soniiEv's I'OEJis. 

Fortune had linked us first, and now Consent; 
(For wb^ should Choice divide whom Chnnca J 
well 
Gbid joiaed ?) aod tLej to vicv the famous gi 
tdke us, were to llie Field of Battle bound. 

S3. 
pBTlber us yet ihey looked not tban that quest ; 

The land was all before ihom whore lo clinoMQ 
tjo we coDsorted here as seemt^d bei>>t : 

Who would such pleasant fellowf,hip refu*e 
Of ladies fair nod gentle comrades free? 
Cerlcs we were a joyous company. 

34. 
Tet lacked we not Jiacourse for graver time!, 

Such as might suit -sngi; auditors, I ween ; 
For some among us, in fur distant climes 

The cities and the ways of men had seen ; 
No unobservant travellers they, but well 
Of what ihey there lind learnt ihey knew to lelUl 



The one of frozmi Moacovy could speak. 
And well his willing listeners rnlcrlain 

With Inlos of that incjement region bleak, 
The pageantry and pomp of Cnthcrine's rei 

And that proiid city which with wise intent 

The mighty founder raised, bis own great r 



THE post's pilgrimage. 21 

86. 
And one had dwelt with Malahars and Mooi^, 

Where fertile earth and genial heaven dispense 
Profuse their bounty upon Indian shores ; 

Whatever delights the eye, or charms the sense ; 
The valleys with perpetual fruitage blest, 
The mountains with unfading foliage drest. 

87. 

He those barbaric palaces had seen, 
The work of Eastern potentates of old ; 

And in the Temples of the Rock had been. 
Awe-struck their dread recesses to behold : 

A gifted hand was his, which by its skill 

Could to the eye portray such wondrous scenes at 
wilL 

38. 

A third, who from the Land of Lakes with me 
Went out upon this pleasant pilgrimage. 

Had sojourned long beyond the Atlantic Sea : 
Adventurous was his spirit as his age ; 

For he in far Brazil, through wood and waste, 

Had travelled many a day, and there his heart was 
placed. 

39. 

Wild region, — happy if at night he found 
The shelter of some rude Tapuya's shed ; 

Glse would he take his lodgment on the ground, 
Or from the tree suspend his hardy bed ; 



And euiuelimea, blurting al the juguar'^ vrias. 
See ibrough ibe murky night the prowlci-'i 
eyea. 

40. 
And sometimes ova ihiraty deserts drear. 

And foinctimes over floodeil plnins, he wpj 
A joy it vtm liis fireside tnlca to heiir. 

And he a comrade to my heart's content ; 
For he of what I niosl desired eouhl (til, 
And loved the PorluguU Uewnse he knew t 

41. 
Here to the easy barge we bade adieu ; 

Land-tiiivoUers now Hlong itic well-paved "ayr,J 
Where roadside Iree^, Gtill lengthening on 

Before us and behind unvarying lay : 
Through innds well labored lo Alost we eame. 
Where whilome Irenehery stained ihe Englis^h nni 

Then saw we AiDIgliem, by ruin rent, 

Whose Tenerahle fragmcnls atrow the land : 

Grown wi$c loo late, the multitude lament 
The ravace of ihelr own unhnppy hand ; 

Its reeords in their freniy lorn nml tOPi, 

of Icurniiij; wrecked and lost 



s precii 



43. 



Whatever else we mm waa eheerful all, — 
The ^igns of steady labor well repaid ; 



r^»ET« FiLCKXAor^ 



53 



And 



Of 



ripe OD *^«rr <K^.SiCf waH ; 

or whLin iLe i^pen ictC'T. 

Through Assdie. for wjuer and for caikc-> nn^w ntxi. 
We passed. par=-uing >i'A\ our "w av. tIk^.i^^!* ^a:-:- : 

And, wbeo the shades of r.i::b; '-s^on:' i-;:isi:«;z Tv ^ind, 
Broaeels received us thr«.'iu^ Kr frieivilT puo,— 

Pioud citj, fated manj a change to >oe. 

And now the seat of new-made monaivhv ^ 



n 

BRUSSELS. 

1. 

Where might a gaver 5|>eotaolo be found 
Than Bms^ls oift'red on that iVstive niiiht. 

Her squares and palaces irradiate n>und 
To welcome the imj>erial Mo-a>vite, 

Who now, the wronjr> of Europe twiiv nMlre-^ed. 

Came there a welcome and a glorious jjue^t ? 

2. 

Her mile-long avenue witli Ijunjx w:i< Iniuir. 
Innumerous, which diffused a light like d:iy ; 



84 souTtii^v's roGMS. 

Where, tlrougli the line of spleniiur, old and you 

Paraded nil in festival array ; 
Wliile fifiy barges, plying lo and fro, 
niuuiined, n* ihey moved, the liquid glass below. 



By day, wilh hurryiug crowds ibe elrects * 

ibranged, 

To gain of this great Czar a passing sight ; 
Aod tnu^ic, dance, and banquetings prolonged 

The various work of pteasure lliruugii the a 
Ton might have deemed, lo see tlml joyous lowMJ 
That wreichedness and pain were lliere uiiknowi 



Yel three short nionllis had sean.'i-ly passed aw^« 
Since, sluken with the npproaoUing battle's bre 

Her inma^l ehamberB trembled with dismay ; 
Aud iiuw, wiihin her walls, in^liale Deatli, 

Devourer whom no harvest e'er can fill, 

The gleanings of that field nas gsihcring etilL 



Wiiliin those walls ibcrc lingered at that hour 
Many a brave soldier on the bod of pain, 

Whom utd of bumnn nrt F^hoiild ni-'er restore 
To see his country and his frirndo agnin ; 

And many a victim of tlml fell drbaKr 

WliuM life yel wavered in tlie senles of fiite. 



THK PO£T^S PILGRniAGE. 25 

6. 

Some I beheld, for whom the doubtful scale 
Had to the side of life inclined at length : 

Emaciate was their form, their features pale. 
The limbs, so vigorous late, bcred of strength ; 

And for their gaj habiliments of yore. 

The habit of the House of Pain thej wore. 

7. 

Some in the courts of that great hospital. 
That they might taste the sun and open air, 

Crawled out ; or sate beneath the southern wall ; 
Or, leaning in the gate, stood gazing there 

In listless guise upon the passers-by, 

Whiling away the hours of slow recovery. 

8. 

Others in wagons borne abroad I saw. 

Albeit recovering, still a mournful sight : 
Languid and helpless, some were stretched on 
straw; 
Some, more advanced, sustained themselves up- 
right, 
And with bold eye and careless front, methought, 
Seemed to set wounds and death again at nought. 

9. 

Well had it £aTed with these ; nor went it ill 
With those whom war had of a limb bereft^ 



2G SOUTnElf S l-OKMS. 

Leaving the life untouched, ihat tljcy bad still 

Enough for bealllii o^ for existence left; 
But Bume th^e were wlio lircJ lo draw ihe bre 
or pnii) tbrutigh hoficleas years of lingoi'ing doa 

10. 
Ilere miglil tbe liideuuii face of war be seeot 

SU'ippod of nil pomp, odoruiuent, and disguiM; 
It was a dismal apeetade, I ween, 

Such 03 luii^lit well lo the belioldeni' eye* 
Bring euddeu te&n, and make llie pious mind 
Grieve for the crimen and follies of mankind. 

11. 
What IjiiU it been, tlien, in ihe recent days 

Of Ihat great triumph, when (he open wound ( 
Was festering, and along the crowded ways, 

Hour after hour wa^ heard the inceasant 6oi 
Of wheels, which o'er llie rough and stony rood 
Conveyed their living, agonizing load ! 

12. 
Hearts, little to the meltirjg mood inclined, 
Grew sick to see their Bufferings! a 
thought 

Still cornea with horror to the shuddering mind, 
Of those sod days when Belgian ears w^ 

The British soldier's erj", half groan, luilf prnyei 
Bi'i-athed when his pain is more timn he can Lei 



THE poet's pilgrimage. 27 

13. 

Hrave spirits, nobly had their part been done ! 

Brussels could show, where Senne's slow waters 
glide, 
The cannon which their matchless valor won. 

Proud trophies of the field, ranged side by side, 
Where, as they stood in inoffensive row. 
The solitary guard paced to and fro. 

14. 

Unconscious instruments of human woe, 
Some for their mark the royal lilies bore. 

Fixed there when Britain was the Bourbon's foe ; 
And some, embossed in brazen letters, wore 

The sign of that abhorred misrule, which broke 

The guilty nation for a Tyrant's yoke. 

15. 

Others were stamped with that Usurper's name, — 
Recorders thus of many a change were they. 

Their deadly work through every change the same ; 
Nor ever had they seen a bloodier day 

Than when, as their late thunders rolled around, 

Brabant in aU her cities felt the sound. 

16. 

Then ceased their occupation. From the field 

Of battle here in triumph were they brought; 
Ribbons and fiowers and laurels, half concealed 
Their brazen mouths, so late with niin fraught ; 



88 bootoet's poems. 

Women beheld lUem pass with jojrul L-yi.'s, 
Ajid children clapped Lheir hauds aud retit the i 
with cries. 

17. 
Now iJly tin llie banks of Seiine they lay, 

Like toys with which a child is pleased no n 
Ordy ihe British Iraveller beod? his way 

To see iLein ou that uufreiiuenled shore, 
And, as a mourn^l feeling blends with pride, 
Bemerobers thoee who fought, and those who d 



THE FIELD OF BATTLE. 

1. 
Southward from Bni^els lies the field of bloo 

Some three Lours' journey for a well-girt n 
A horsetnnn, who in liaste pui-«ued bh road, 

Would rench it iks the second hour began. 
The wny 'n through a forest deep and vridet 
Extending many a mile on either side- 



No cbeerAil woodland this of antic tree^ 
With iluckeis varied aad with aunny glade : 

Look where he will, the weary Iraveller sees 
One {gloomy, ihirJt, impenetrable shade 



THB poet's pilgrdiage. 29 

Of tall, strai^ trnnks, which move before his sig^ 
With interehaiige of lines of long green light. 

3. 

Here, where the woods, receding from the road, 
EEave left, on either hand, an open space 

For fields and gardens and for man's abode, 
Stands Waterloo ; a little, lowlj place, 

Obscure till now, when it hath risen to fune. 

And given the victory its English name. 

4. 

What time the second Carlos ruled in Spain, 
Last of the Austrian line bj Fate decreed. 

Here Castanaca reared a votive fane, 

Praving the Patron Saint? to bless with seed 

His childless sovereign ; Heaven denied an heir. 

And Europe mourned in blood the frustrate praje& 

5. 

That temple to our hearts was hallowed now ; 

For man J a wounded Briton there was laid, 
With such poor help as time might then allow, 

From the fresh carnage of the field conveved ; 
And they whom human succors could not save. 
Here in its precincts found a hasty grave. 

6. 

And here, on maH>Ie tahlrt^ ^t on high. 
In Engltsli lines by lorei^i w«>rkmen traoed, 



80 fiOtlTaET'S POEMS. 

Arc names familiar to an Euglisb eye ; 

Their bretkrea here ihe fit iDonioriuU jilaced, I 
Whose unadorued inscriptions brietlj' teli 
Tbeir gallant comrades' rank, and where they fafl 



The ElftieUest monuraeiit of public pride, 
Enriched «-ith all magnifit^ence of art, 

To honor Chieftains wlio in victory died, 

Would wake uo stronger feeling in the heart ! 

Thttij llie^e plain ttiblels, by (he soldier's hand 

Ruined to bb comrades iu a foreign land. 



Not fur removed, you find the burial-ground. 
Yet H) that skirts of woo<l)and intervene ; 

A small enclosure, rudely fenced around ; 
Three gravestones only for the dead are seen 

One bear« tlie name of ^me ricli villager. 

The fir^t for whom a stone was planted there. 



Beneath the seinnd is a German laid. 
Whom Bremen, ebakiug off the Freocb 
yoke, 

Bent with her eons ihe general cause to wd ; 
He in the fight received his mortal stroke^ 

Yet for liis country's aggravated woes 

Lived to see vengeance on her hated foea. 



THE poet's pilgrimage. 81 

10. 

A son of Erin sleeps below the third : 
Bj firiendlj hands, his body, where it laj 

Upon the field of blood, had been interred ; 

And thence bj those who mourned him borne 
awajy 

In pious reverence for departed worth, 

Laid here with holj rites in consecrated earth. 

11. 

Repose in peace, brave soldiers, who have found 
In Waterloo and Soignj's shade jour rest ! 

Ere this hath British valor made that ground 
Sacred to jou, and for your foes unblest, 

When Marlborough here, victorious in his might, 

Surprised the French, and smote them in their 
flight. 

12. 

Those wars are as a tale of times gone by. 

For so doth perishable fame decay ; 
Here on the ground wherein the skughtered lie, 

The memory of that fight is passed away ; 
And even our glorious Blenheim to tlie field 
Of Waterloo and Wellington must yield. 

13. 

Soon shall we reach tliat scene of mighty deeds. 
In one unbending line a short league hence ; 



82 aocTUEfs poena. 

Aright the forest from (he road recedes, 

With wiile sweep treuding soulh and weslwi 
theace: 
Aleft along the line it keeps its place, 
Some half-hour'd distance at a IraveUer's p 

14. 
Tlie country' here expands, a wide-spread scene tf 

No Flemish gardens fringed with willows tJ 
Nor rich Brabaoliiie pastures ever green, 

With trenches lined and rows of aspen-tree* 
In tillage here tlte unwooded, opeu land 
Returns its increase to the farmer's band. 



Behold the scene where Slaughter had full away] 
A mile before us lieth Mounl St John, 

The hamlet which the Ilighliinders that day 
Preserved t'roin spoil; yei, us iniiirh farther a 

The single farm is placed, now known to feme, ' 

Which from the sacred hedge derives iU name. 

16. 
Straight onward yet for one like distance mor^ A 

And there tlie house of Belle Alliance si 
So named, I guess, Ly some in days of yore, 

III friendship or in we<llock joining bands; 
Little did they who called it ihiis fare>ie« 
Tlie place thai name iihould hold in history 1 



THE poet's PILGRIHAGE. 83 

17. 

Be}X)nd these points the fight extended not, — 

Small theatre for such a tragedy ! 
Its breadth scarce more, from eastern Papelot 

To where the groves of Hougoumont on high 
Rear in the west their venerable head, 
And cover with their shade the countless dead. 

18. 

Bat wouldst thou tread this celebrated ground, 
And trace with understanding eyes a scene 

Above aU other fields of war renowned, 

From western Hougoumont thy way begin : 

There was our strength on tliat side ; and there first, 

In all its force, the storm of battle burst. 

19. 

Strike eastward then across toward La Haye, 
The single farm: with dead the fields between 

Are lined, and thod wilt sec upon the way 

Lqpg wave-like dips and 8wclls whicli int<fr%'cne, 

Such as would breathe the war-horse, and inifkede, 

When that deep soil was wet, his martial speed. 

20. 

lids is the ground whereon the young Nassau, 
Emuling that day his ancestors' renown, 

Becdved his hurt ; admiring Bdgium saw 

The youth proved worthy of his destinc^l civwn : 

VOL. X. D 



Si SDUTDEYS POEMS. 

All tongues his prowess on tliat day proclaim. 
And cliildren lisp his praise and bless tbtiir Prince's 

21. ~ 

When thou hast reached Ln Haje. survey ii w 

Here was llie heat and cenlre of the strife; 
This [mint must Britain hold whaie'er befell, 

Aiid here both armies were profuse of life ■ 
Once it was lost, — and then n stander-by 
Belike had irerabled for the viclory. 

22. 
Not so the leader, on whose equal mind 

Sueh iuteresCs lung in that mocnentoiu day ; 
So well bad lie his motley troops assigned, 

Thai where llie vilal poinis of aclian lay, 
There had he placed those soldiers whom h 
No feare could quail, no dangers could subdue. 

2S. 

timall wa» his Bntish force, nor bad he here 
The Portiigale, in heart eo near allied, , 

The worthy comrades of his late cai-eer, 

Wito fought K) ofl and conquered at his side^ | 

When with iho Red Cross joined in brave advi 

The glorious Quinas mocked ibe air of France. I 

24. 

Now of lbs troops with whom be look the fidd, | 
Some were of doubtful fnilb, and otiien rawji 



THE poet's pilgrimage. 35 

He stationed these where thej might stand or yield ; 

But where the stress of battle he foresaw. 
There were his links (his own strong words I speak) 
And rivets, which no human force could break. 

25. 

O mj brave countrymen ! ye answered well 
To that heroic trust. Nor less did ye. 

Whose worth your grateful country aye shall tell, 
True children of our sister Grermany, 

Who, while she groaned beneath the oppressor's 
chain. 

Fought ibr her freedom in the fields of Spain. 

26. 

La Haye, bear witness ! sacred is it hight. 
And sacred b it truly from that day ; 

For never braver blood was spent in fight 

Than Britain here hath mingled with the clay. 

Set where thou wilt thy foot, thou scarce canst tread 

Here on a spot unhallowed by the dead. 

27. 

Here it was that the Highlanders withstood 
The tide of hostile power, received its weight 

With resolute strength, and stemmed and turned 
the flood ; 
And fitly here, as in that Grecian strait. 

The funeral-stone might say, " Go. traveller, tell 

Scotland, that in our duty here we fell." 



Still eastward from tliia polut thj way pureite : 

There grows a single hedge along the lane, — 
No other U there far or near in view: 

The raging enemy essayed in vain 
To pass ihfit line ; a braver foe withstood, 
And this whole ground waa raoifeloned witli I 
blood. 

29. 
Leading his gnUant tu«n, as he was wont, 

The hut luisaiUnta' ouiiet lo repel, 
Advant^ing bat in hand, here, in the front 

Of Lattle and of diuiger, Pidon fell: 
Lamented Chief! than whom no hraver nanv 
His country's onnaU shall consign to &me. 

30. 
Scheldt bad not eeeii us, bud Im voice been h 

Return wilb sluime fnini her diiiatftrom coast : 
But Fortune Eoon lo fairer fields prefeerod 
Xli^ wurib approved, wliiub Oamtuia long m 
boast: 
France felt him then, and Portugal atid Spain 
Ili» houered uemory will for aye reuun. 

31. 
Hence to llie bigh-walkd house of pHpnlot 

The battle's baHnd»ry on the ltd incline: 
Here thou etest FHsTbermant not far n-jnoie. 

From wlience, like minialcrg of wralli divine, 



THE poet's pilgrimage. 37 

The Prussians, issuing on the yielding foe, 
Consummated their great and total overthrow. 

32. 

Deem not that I the martial skill should boast, 
Where horse and foot were stationed, here to tell, 

What points were occupied by either hostj 
And how the battle raged, and what befell. 

And how our great Commander's eagle eye. 

Which comprehended all, secured the victory. 

33. 

This were the historian's, not the poet's part ; 

Such task would ill the gentle Muse beseem, 
Who, to the thoughtful mind and pious heart, 

Comes with her offering from this awful theme ; 
Content if what she saw and gathered there 
She may in unambitious song declare. 

34. 

Look how upon the Ocean's treacherous face 
The breeze and summer sun^ihine softly play. 

And the green-heaving billows bear no trace 
Of all the wrath and wreck of yesterday : 

So from the field, wliich here we looked upon, 

The vestiges of dreadful war were gone. 

35. 

Elarth had received into her silent womb [lay, 

Her slaughtered creatures : horse and man tliey 



S8 SOUTHKr'S POEMS. 

Adi) rriend and foe, withio the general tomb. 

Equal had Iwen their lot: one fatal day 
For all ; one labor ; and one place of rest 
They found wilh'm their common parent's breast. I 

36. 
The passing seasons had not jet effaced 

The etamp of numerous hoofs, imprefsed by G 
Of cavalry, whose path might still be traced. 

Yet nature everywhere re.«iimed ber course : 
Low pansies to (he »an their purple gave, 
And the sofl pojipy blossomed ou (he grave. 



Ill \iarUi tlie careful fanner hnd renewed 
His labors, lat<> by battle fni^lraledi 

And where the unconsciooft tioil had been imbued 
With blood, profusely iliere like water »hed, 

There bad hb plottghshnre turned tbe gutl^ 
ground. 

And tlie greea wm was spi^iiging all around. 

88. 
The graves he lefl for naliiral thought humane 
Untouched ; and here and tlicre, where in t 
strife 
Contending fc^t had trampled down the grain, 

Some haiilier roots were found, which, of llieir U 
Tenacious, had put forth a second head. 
And sprung and eared and npcncd on the deai J 



THE poet's pilgrimage. 39 

39. 
Some marks of wre<^ were scattered all around. 

As shoe and belt and broken bandoleer. 
And hats which bore the mark of mortal wound ; 

Gun-flints and balls for tho<e who closelier peer ; 
And sometimes did the breeze upon its breath 
Bear from ill-covered graves a taint of death. 

40. 

More vestige of destructive man was seen 

Where man in works of peace had labored more ; 

At Hougoumont the hottest strife had been. 

Where trees and walls the mournful record bore 

Of war's wild rage, trunks pierced with many a 
wound. 

And roo& and half-burnt rafters on the ground. 

41. 

A goodlv mansion this, with gardens fair. 

And ancient groves and fruitful orohani wide. 

Its dove-cot and its decent hou^e of prayer. 
Its ample stall? and gamers well suppliiHl. 

And spacious bartons clean, well walled an>und. 

Where all the wealth of rural life was found. 

42. 

That goodly mansion on the ground was laid. 
Save here and there a blackened, broken wall : 

The wounded who were b«>nie V>eneath its shade 
Had tliere been crushed and buried bv the fall : 



Aiiil Ibcre ilwj' He, where they received ilioir doa 
Ob, let DO hand diatui-b thu boaorablo lomb I 

43. 
Coutiguuu^ 10 thie wreck, ihe little fane. 

For worbhip hallowed, $lttl miit^ured standi 
Save that ii« CruciRx diAplajs loo plain 

The marks of outrage from irrevefent hands, t 
Alas, to think ihnt auch iri'eligioiis deed 
Of wrong flora Briiiab soldiere should proceed ! 

44. 
The dove-cot, loo, remaiaa : scared nt the fight. 

The hirdt sought shelter in the forest shade; 
But still Ihey kept their native haunts in aight. 

And, when few duys their terror hnd alhiyed. 
Forsook Hgain the solitary wood. 
For tlieir old home and human neighborhood. 

45. 
The gardener's dwelling was untouched ; his wifl 

Fled with her children to some near retreat, 
And there lay Uembling for her husband'^ life ; 

He stood the Ueue, saw the foe'e retreat, 
And live« unhurt whero thoumuds felt around, 
To tell the eiory of tbat fhmous ground. 

4G. 
His generous dog w&i well approved that hour, 
By course as by love to man allied : 



THE rOET*3 PILGRIMAGE. 41 

He throagh the fiery storm and iron shower 

Kept the ground braveij bj his master's side ; 
And DOW, when to the stranger's hand he draws, 
The noble beast seems conscious of applause. 

47. 

Toward the grove, the wall with mu^ket-holes 
Is pierced ; our soldiers here their station held 

Against the foe ; and many were the souls 
Then from their fleshly tenements expelled. 

Six hundred Frenchmen have been burnt close by. 

And underneath one mound their bones and ashes lie. 

4a 

One streak of blood upon the wall was traced, 
In length a man's just stature from the head ; 

There, where it gushed, you saw it uneftaced : 
Of all the blood which on that day was shed, 

This mortal stain alone remained impressed ; 

The all-devouring earth had drunk the rest. 

49. 

Here, from the heaps who strewed the fatal plain. 
Was Howard's corse by faithful hands conveyed, 

And, not to be confounded with the slain, 
Here in a grave apart with reverence laid. 

Till hence his honored reh'cs o'er the seas 

Were borne to England, there to rest in {>eace. 



50. 
Aootlier grave had yielded up its dead. 

From whence 10 bear hts son fl fsthor camei 
That he might lay him where hia own (rraj' headJI 

Ere long must needd be lud. That aoldi 

Wa3 not remembered there i yet may the verse 
Present this reverent tribute lo his hearae. 

61. 

Was it a soothing or a mournful thought, 
Amid this scene of slaughter as wo stood, 

Where nnniea had with recent fiiry fought, 
To mark how gentle Nature si ill pursued 

Her qtiiei iTourse, as if she look no care 

For what her noblest woik had suffered then? 



The pciirs had ripened on llie garden wall; 
Those lejives which 'on the autumnal earth w 
spread. 
The tree;, though pierced and sciirr«d with tnonjl 
ball, 
Had only in Uieir natural season shed: 
FlowL-rs were in seed, whose buds to swell h 
Wlieii Nuth wild Imvoc here wiis made of nmn I 

63. 
Tlirougbout the garden, fruits and herbs and flow< 
Toil saw in growtli or ripejiess or decay, 



THE poet's PILGRniAGE, 43 

The green and well-trimmed dial marked the hours 

With gliding shadow as they passed away : 
Who would have thought, to see this garden fair, 
Such horrors had so late been acted there ? 

54. 

Now, Hougoumont, farewell to thy domain ! 

Might I dispose of thee, no woodman's hand 
Should e'er thy venerable groves profane ; 

Untouched and like a temple should they stand. 

And, consecrate by general feeling, wave 

Their branches o'er the ground where sleep the 

brave. 

55. 

Thy ruins, as they fell, should aye remain ; 

What monument so fit for those below ? 
Thy garden through whole ages should retain 

The form and fashion which it weareth now, 
That future pilgrims here might all things see. 
Such as they were at this great victory. 



IV. 
THE SCENE OF WAR 

1. 

No doiid the azure vault of heaven distained 
That day when we the field of war surveyed ; 



aOUTH£V a PORIIS. 



The leaves were falling, bat ihe groves rii'ltiined 1 

Foliage enough for bcauly and for shtiile ; 
Soft airs prev^uled, and rbrougli the sunny boiin I 
Tlie bees were busy on ihe year's last flowers. 



Well wsa the sea^n with the scene combined: 
The autuumal suiisUine suited well ihc mood 

Which here po^esscd ibe medilniive iniud,- 
A human seuse apon tbe field of blood, 

A Christian tbaiikfubes^, a Bntieh pride, 

TenipL'red by solemn lliought, yet atill to , 

3. 

What. British heart iJiat would not feel a flow. 
Upon that ground, of elevating pridp ? 

What Britieh check is (here lli:it would not glfl 
To hear our counlry ble«t and magnifled ? 

Kor Britain here was blest hy old and young, 

Admired by every heart, and praised hy ei 



Nol flir bruve beurin;; in the field alone 

Doili gratelijl Uelgium bleN tlie British nwnen 

The oilier and Ihe perfect honor shown 

In all thing?, have cnhnnceil the M>ldicr'j fnmOS 

For thi« we heard the admiring pnople nuae 

One universal voice einuvn: of praiie. 



THK post's pilgrimage. 45 

5. 
Yet with indigiiaiit feeling thej inquired 

Wherefore we spared the author of this strife : 
Why had we not, as highest law required, 

With ignominy closed the culprit's life ? 
For him alone had all this hlood heen shed : 
Why had not vengeance struck the guilty head ? 

6, 

** O Grod ! " they said, ^ it was a piteous thing 
To see the after-horrors of the fight, — 

The lingering death, the hopeless suffering : 

What heart of flesh unmoved could bear the sight? 

One man was cause of all this world of woe : 

Ye had him, and ye did not strike the blow ! 

7. m 

** How win ye answer to all afler-time 

For that great lesson which ye failed to give ? 

As if excess of guilt excused the crime, 
Black as he is with blood, ye let him live ! 

Children of evil, take your course henceforth ; 

For what is Justice but a name on earth ? " 

8. 

Vain had it been with these in glozing speech 
Of precedents to use the specious tongue : 

Tills might perplex the ear, but fail to reach 
Tlie heart, from whence tliat honest feeling 
•pmng ; 



46 aouTiiEr's poems. 

And, had I dared my inner eeiise liclie, 
The voice of bliwd was ihexe lo join tliem in ihi 
cr7. 

9. 
We lefl the field of battle in such mood 

Aa humiu hearts from thence thouM hear n 
And, muMng thus, our purposed route pursued, 

Which Eiill through scenes of recent bloodshed hi 
Where Prussia Inle, with strong and fiern d^ligbl 
Hung on her hntcd foes to perscinite their fligfaL ' 

10. 
No hour for larrlanfc that, or for reinone! 

Veu-;ennce, who lung had hungered, took bet 
And Retribution held it« righteous course ; 

As when, in elder time, the Sun stood stiU 
On Gfficon, and the Moon ahove the vale 
or Ajalon hung rootionlcu ftnd pale. 

U. 
And what though no portentous dny wiw ^iveu 

To render here the work of wnith (Himpletc: 
Tlie Sun, I ween, seemed standing still in 

To those wlio hurried from thut dire defeat ; 
And. vtiien they pmycd for darkness in ihi? 
The Moon arose upon tlieiii broad and brighL 

12. 
No covert might ibey find ; the open land, 
O'er which so late exutljugly ihej' paswd, 



THE poet's pilgrimage. 47 

Lay all before them and on eitlier hand ; 

Close on their flight the avengers followed fast ; 
And when they reached Genappe, and there drew 

breath, 
Short respite found thej there from fear and deatli. 

13. 

That fatal town betrayed them to more loss : 
Through one long street the only passage lay, 

And then the narrow bridge they needs must cro»s. 
Where Dyle, a shallow streamlet, crossed the 
way: 

For life they fled ; no thought liad they but fear, 

And their own baggage choked the outlet here. 

14. 

He who had bridged the Danube's aflluent stream. 
With all the unbroken Austrian power in sight, 

(So had his empire vanished like a dream,) 
Was by this brook impeded in his flight; 

And then what passions did he witness there ! — 

Rage, terror, execrations, and despair. 

% 

15. 

Kre throagh the wreck his passage could be made, 
Three miserable hours, which seemed like years. 

Was he in that ignoble strait delayer! : 

The dreadful Prussian's cry was in his ears, 

Fear in his heart, and in his soul that hell 

Wliose due rewards he merited so well. 



16. 
Foremost Hga!n, as he wa9 wonl to he 

In flight, though nol the foremcwt in Ihe slrili', 
The Tyrant huiTied on, of infamy 

KogardleM, nor regitrding aag)it but life: 
wretch ! without ihe courage or ihe fiiiih 
To die with ihosG wliom he huil Icil to ileulh I 

17. 
Ueantime \m guilty followers in disgrace, 

Whose pride for ever now was bealen down. 
Some in the houses sought a hiding-iilace i 

While, at llie eolrance of thai fuinl town, 
Olhers, who yet some show of heart displayed, 
A short. Tain eiTort of rei^i^tance made; — 

18. 
Feeble and ill-Aietnined ! The fix* bum ihraughd 

With unabating hcAt [bey Aenrclied around ; 
The wretches from tlioir lurking-holni they drewjl 

Such merpy n* the Frt.'nch hwd givrri iliey foiltk 
Death hnd more vicciiife- tlirre in that one hotir 
Than fifty yenn might else linvf: rendered in t 

19. 
Here did we inn upon our pilgrimage,— 

AAer such dny an tmfit re^ting-ptiK* ; 
For who from ghn^ly ihmights could diMngagv 

The haunted miml, when ererywhpre the tmr*! 



THE poet's PILORIXA6E. 49 

Of death was seen ? — the blood-stain on the waJl, 
And musket-marks in chamber and in hall ! 

20. 

All talk, too, was of death. They showed us here 
The room where Brunswick's body had been laid ; 

Where his brave followers, bending o*er the bier, 
In bitterness their vow of vengeance made ; 

WTiere Wellington beheld the slaughtered Chief, 

And for awhile gave way to manly grief. 

21. 

Duhesme, whose crimes the Catalans may tell. 
Died here ; with sabre-strokes the posts are scored, 

Hewn down upon the threshold where he fell, 
Hunself then tasting of the ruthless sword. 

A Brunswicker discharged the debt of Spain ; 

And, where he dropped, the stone preserves the stain. 

22. 

Too much of life hath on thy plains been shed, 
Brabant 1 so oft the scene of war's debate ; 

But ne'er with blood were they so largely ivd 
As in this rout and wreck ; when righteous Fate 

Brought on the French, in warning to all times, 

A yengeancc wide and sweeping as their crimes ; — 

23. 

Vengeance for Egypt and for Syria's wrong ; 
For Portugal's unutterable woes : 

VOL. z. E 



so soutokt's poeus. 

For Germany, wbo sufFered all loo long 

Benetilli ibe^ lawless, faiililess, gcKlle:^^ Toes) f 

For blood which on llie Lord $0 long hath cried, I 

For Eftrtb oppres.ieJ, nnd Heaven insnl 

defied. 

Wc followed from Geoappe tbeir litie of flight 
To the Cross Roads, where BHlaiu's s 
tauied 

Against such perilous force the desperate fight i 
I>eserving for that field, eo well mainlainedi 

Siicli tame as for a like devotion's nieed 

The woi'ld hath to the Spartan band decreed. 

25. 
Upon ibU ground the noble Bi'uiiiHii-k died, 

Led on loo rashly by his ai'dcnl heart ; 
Long shall his grateful country tell nilh pride 

How manfully he chose tlie better parti 
When groaniug Giymany in chsins wns bound, i 
Hb only of her Princi^ faithful found. 



And here right hruvely did ihe Gi'imun bund 
Onae more sustuin their well-deiterved applw 

As when, revenging there their luilive land, 
In Spnin they labon-d fur llie general cau.te: 

In this mo^t arduous strife, none more than they I 

Endured the heat and burden of flm day. 



THE POETS PILGRUIAGE. 51 

27. 

Here, too» we heard the praise of British worth. 
Still best approTed when most severely tried ; 

Here were broad patches of loose-lyiog earth, 
Sufficing scarce the mingled bones to hide ; 

And half-uncovered graves, where one might see 

The loathliest features of mortality. 

28. 

Eastward from hence we struck, and reached the 
field 

Of Ligny, where the Prussian, on that day 
By fiur-outnumbering force constrained to yield. 

Fronted the foe, and held them still at bay ; 
And in that brave defeat acquired fresh claim 
To glory, and enhanced his country's fame. 

29. 

Here was a scene which fancv miji^ht deli^iiit 
To treasure up among her cherished stores, 

And bring again before the inward sight 

Often when she recalls the long-passed hours, — 

Well-cultured hill and dale extending wide, 

Hamlets and vUlage spires on every side ; — 

30. 

rhe autumnal-tinted groves ; the u{)land mill. 
Which oft was won and lost amid the fray ; 

jlreen pastures watered by the silent rill ; 
The lordly Castle yielding to decay. 



52 30UTHEV'3 POEMfl. 

With bi'idge aud barbican and mont and lower, 
A fairer sight perchance iban wben it frawnad 1 
power; — 

31. 
The avenue before il« ruined gate, 

Which, when the Castle, Butferiiig lew from ti me 
Than tiuvoc. Iiath forugore iu stri^uglh anil al 

tjiiiiijiired flourisheth in nuiure's prime ; 
Tn us a grnlcfiil shade did it su|iplT. 
Glud of thai shelUr from tbe nuouttdc skyi — I 

S2. 
Tlie qnnrrics drt^p, wlipre mnny n maasive bloc 

For «oni« Parisian monnTnent of pride. 
Hewn with long labor froai llie grnnito roci 

Lay in the chauge of fortune oaM Bttde ; 
But rightly with ibuse stmie* should Prussia b 
Her moiiniuetiliil [lile ou l.!giij'> bloody Held I- 



'Hie weallhy villngL- bearing Inil too plain 
The difimal murks of rw-'nit fire aud spoilt 

Its decent hnititants. aw nriivn imlti. 

Anil many a one at work with needful toil 

On roof or Lbiitch, tlie rniii to rejiair: 

May nuvcr ^V^n^ repeat such dovastotion therafl 

34. 
Ill had we done, if we hail hurried by 
A iceue tu faithful hlktury to tie filmed 



THE poet's pilgrimage. 58 

Tlii-ough long-succeeding ages ; nor may I 

The hospitality let pass unnamed, 

And courteous kindness on that distant ground, 

Which, strangers as we were, for England's sake we 

foand. 

85. 

And dear to England should be Ligny's name ; 

Prussia and England both were proved that day ; 
Each generous nation to the other's fame 

Her ample tribute of applause will pay : 
Long as the memory of those labors past. 
Unbroken may their Fair AUiance last I 

86. 

The tales which of that field I could unfold, 
Better it is that silence should conceal : 

They who had seen them shuddered while they 
told 
Of things so hideous ; and they cried with zeal, 

" One man hath caused all this, of men the worst : 

Oh ! wherefore have ye spared his head accurst ? " 

37. 

It fits not now to tell our further way 

Through cnany a scene by bounteous nature 
blest; 
Nor how we found, where'er our journey lay, 

An Englishman was still an honored guest : 
But still upon this point, where'er we went, 
riie indignant voice wsui heard of discontent. 



38. 
And honce Lliere lay, loo plainly roigbt we se« 

An ouuuous feeling upon every lieart : 
" Whiil liope of lasting order coiilil there b«," 

They suid, " whure Jusilice has not lin<I her {i 
Wisdom Oolli rule with Justice by her side ; 
Justice from WiMlom none nuiy e'er diviJe." 



39. 
The shaken mind felt all things insecure ; 

Acmslomed long to see siiceedsful crimec, 
And helple^ly the heHvy yoke endure, 

They now looked bnck upon their falhera* ti 
Ere the wild rule of Anarchy began, 
As to some happier world, or golden age of m 

40. 
Aa they who in the vide of yeur^ advance. 

And the dark ere is eloping on their way. 
When on ibeir mind the reiwllections glanpe 

Of early joy, and Hope's delightful day. 
Behold, in brighter hues thun ihoso of truth, 
The light of morning on ihe fields of youth. 

41. 
Those who timid these troubles had grown gray, I 

Recurred with mournful feeling lo the |iast: 

" Ble*t had we known our blessings," they \ 

siiy : 

'■ We were not worthy that our bliss st 



THE POET'S PILGRIMAGE. 55 

Peaceful we were, and flourishing and free ; 
But madly we required more liberty I " 

42. 

Remorseless France had long oppressed the land, 
And for her frantic projects drained its blood ; 

And now they felt the Prussian's heavy hand : 
He came to aid them ; bravely had he stood 

In their defence : but, oh ! in peace how ill 

The soldier's deeds, how insolent his will ! 

43. 

One general wish prevailed, — if they might see 
The happy order of old times restored ; 

Give them their former laws and liberty ; 
This their desires and secret prayera implored ; — 

Forgetful, as the stream of time flows on. 

That that which passes is for ever gone. 



56 



southet's rOEMS. 



PART U. 



THE VISION. 



l&mxt vvv OKonS t6^, 
'Aye ^fii, — FuiDAB. 



I. 



THE TOWER. 



1. 

I THOUGHT upon these things in solitude, 
And mused upon them in the silent night ; 

The open graves, the recent scene of blood, 
Were present to the soiiFs creative sight : 

These mournfiil images my mind possessed, 

And mingled with the visions of ray rest, 

2. 

Methought that I was travelling o'er a plain, 
Whose limits, far beyond all reach of sense. 

The aching, anxious sight implon'd in vain. 

How I came there I could not tell, nor whence ; 

Nor where my melancholy journey lay ; 

Only that soon the night wouM close upon my way. 



t 
THE poet's pilgrimage. 57 

3. 

Behind me was a dolorous, dreary scene, 

With huge and mouldering ruins widely spread ; 

Wastes which had whilom fertile regions been, 
Tombs which had lost all record of the dead ; 

And, where the dim horizon seemed to close. 

Far off the gloomy Pyramids arose. 

4. 

Full fain would I have known what lay before, 
But lifted there in vain my mortal eye ; 

That point with cloud and mist was covered o*er, 
As though the earth were mingled with the sky : 

Yet thither, as some power unseen impelled. 

My blind, involuntary way I held. 

5. 

Across the plain, innumerable crowds, 

Like me, were on their destined journey bent. 

Toward the land of shadows And of clouds : 

One pace they travelled, to one i)oint they went 

A motley multitude of old and young, 

Men of all climes and hues, and every tongue. 

6. 

Ere long, I came upon a field of dead. 

Where heaps of recent carnage filled the way, — 

A ghastly sight ; nor was there where to tread, 
So thickly slaughtered, horse and man, they lay. 



Methought Ibat iu ihat pince of denth T knew 
Again the late-seen field of 'Wnterloo. 

7. 
Troubled I Btood, and doiibtiiil where to go; 
A. cold, damp shuddering ran through all I 

Fain would 1 fly from that dread scene ; when, ] 

A voice a^ Irum above pronounced my na 
And, looking lo the Bound, by the wuyside 
I saw a lofty etructure edified. 



Mo»t like it seemed to that aspirbg Tower 
Which old Ambition reared on Babel's plain, 

As if be weened in his presumptuous power 
To scale high Heaven, with dating pride profk 

Such was its giddy height ; and round and rounds 

Hie spiral steps in long ascension wound. 



Ila frail foundations upon sand were placed, 
And round about it mouldering rubbiah lay i 

For, easily by time and storms defaced, 
The louse materials crumbled in decay : 

Rising so high, and built so insecure, 

HI might eudi perishable work endure. 



I Dot the less went up ; and, as I drew 
Toward tlie top, more firm the Mmcture si 



THE poet's pilokimage. 59 

With nicer art composed, and fair to view : 

Strong and well-built, perchance, I might have 

deemed 

The pile, had I not seen and understood 

Of what frail matter formed, and on what base it 

8tcH>d. 

11. 

There, on the summit, a grave personage 

Received and welcomed me in courteous guise : 

On his gray temples were the marks of age, 

As one whom years, methought, should rcndei 
wise. 

" I saw that thou wert filled with doubt and fear," 

He said, ^and therefore have I called th<!e here. 

12. 

" Hence from this eminence sublime I sec 
The wanderings of the erring crowd below. 

And, pitying thee in thy perplexity. 

Will tell thee all that thou canst nocd to know 

To guide thy steps aright," I bent my head 

As if in thanks : '^ And who art thou ? " I said. 

13. 

He answered, " I am Wisdom. Mother Earth 
Me, in her vigor self-conceiving, bore ; 

And, as from eldest time I date my birth, 
Eternally with her shall I endunj : 

Her noblest offspring I, to whom alone 

The course of sublunary things is known " 



eOCTKErS POKMS. 



14. 



" Master I " quotb I, regardiug him, " 1 ibaughl 
That Wisdom was the child dirine of HeaTei].*1 

" So," he replied, " have f^liDg preacliers laugbt. 
And the dull World a light belit^ liatL given. 

But vainly would these fools my Claim decry : 

Wisdom I am, and of the Earth am I." 

16, 
Thus while he spake, I scanned his features welHi 

Small but audacious was the Old Man's eje; 
His cuunieiiaiice was hard, and seemed t( 

Of knowledge less tliau of efTroDLery. 
" Instruct me, than," I said ; " for thou shouldst kj 
Prom whence I came, and wbilher I must go." 

16. 

■' Art ihou, then, one who would bis mind [icrplea 

Witli knowledge bootless, even if atia 
Fond man!" he answered; '■wherefnru ehouli 

Thy heart with seeking what may not be gainc 
BegnnI not wbat has been, nor wbot may lie; 
O CItild of Earth I this Now is aU that t 

17. 
* He who performs the journey of to-day 

Cores not if yesterday were shower or sn 
To-morrow let the heavens be what they may. 

And what r«cks he? his wsTlare will be done. 



THE poet's pilgrimage. 61 

Heedless of what hereafter may befall, 
Live whilst thou liyest ; for this life is all I " 

18. 

I kept my rising indignation down, 

That I might hear what farther he would teach ; 
Yet on my darkened brow the instinctive frown, 

Grathering at that abominable speech, 
Maintained its place. He marked it, and pursued, 
Tuning his practised tongue to subtle flattery's 
mood: — 

19. 

** Do I not know thee, — that from earliest youth 
Ejiowledge hath been thy only heart's desire ? 

Here seeing all things as they are in truth, 
I show thee all to which thy thoughts aspire : 

No vapors here impede the exalted sense, 

Nor mists of earth attain this eminence. 

20. 

" Whither thy way, thou askest me, and what 
The region dark whereto thy footsteps tend. 

And where, by one inevitable lot, 

The course of all yon multitude must end. 

Take thoo this glass, whose perfect power shall aid 

Thy fimlty vision, and therewith explore the shade." 

21. 

Eager I looked ; but, seeing with surprise 
That the same darkness still the view o'erspread« 



62 soutbet's fobms. 

Half angrily I turned away mine cye>. 

Complacenl. ihen the Old Man trailed, and Bf 
" Darkness is all 1 wliat more wouldst Lboa des 
Rest now content, for farther none can Ep; 



" Now mark me. Child of Earth t " he thus pursue 
" Let not the hypocrites thy reaeoa blind, 

And to the quest of some unreal good 

Divert with dogmas vain thine erring mind; 

Learn thou, whale'er the motive Ihey may call, 

That Pleasure is the aim, and Self the spring, oTd 

23. 
"This is the root of knowledge. Wise are iliey J 

Who to this guiding principle attend : 
They, as they press along the world's highway, 

Wttli single aim pursue tlieir steady end. 
No vain compunction checks ibeii- sure career; 
No idle dreams deceive: ihetr heart is here. 



"They from the nature and the fate of m 

Thu3 clearly understood, derive their strength |l 

Knowing that, us from nothing ihey began, 
To nothing they must needs return at length : 

TUiii knowledge steels the heart and clenn Ae n 

Aud tliej create on earth ifae Heaven they 6 



THE post's PILOBDCAGE. fi3 

25. 

•* Such," I made answer, " was the Tyrant's creed. 
Who bruised the nations with his iron rod, 

Till on yon field the wretch received his meed 
From Britain and the outstretched arm of Grod. 

Behold him now, — Death ever in his view. 

The only change for him, — and Judgment to ensue! 

26. 

^ Behold him when the unbidden thousrhts arise 
Of his old passions and unbridled power ; 

As the fierce tiger in confinement lie^f, 

And dreams of blood that he must taste no more. 

Then, waking in that appetite of rage, 

Frets to and fro within his narrow cage." 

27. 

«Hath he not chosen well?" the Old Man re- 
plied: 

" Bravelv he aimed at universal swav ; 
And never earihlv Chief was plorified 

Like this Napoleon in his prorfperous day. 
All-ruling Fate itself hath not the power 
To alter what has been ; and he has had his hour.*' 

28. 

" Take him," I answered, ^ at his fortune's flood ; 
Bossia his friend, the Austrian wars surceased. 



64 SODTHEV'S POEMS. 

'When ^ngs, his creatores some, and some sabdoi 

Like vassaU, waited at liis marriage-feast; 
Aud Europe like a map before him ]ay, 
Of which he gave at will, or took away. 



" Call then to mind Nnvnrre'R hertric Chief, 

Wandering bj night and dny tlirougli wood and 
glen, 

Uk country's sufferings like a private grief 
Wringing hia heart: would Minn even then 

Those perils and that sorrow have forgone 

To be that Tj-ratit on hia prosperous throne? 



" But wherefore name I him whocie aim wa 
A living lio|>e his nobte bean sustained, 

A failh wbii'h bade bim through all dungen se« 
The (riuniph liis enduring countr; gained. 

See Hofer wilh no ennhly hope U> aid, 

His country loal, himself to chiuus and death tie> 
trayedl 

SI. 
" By those he served deserted in his need ; 

Given to the nnrelenting Tyrant's power. 
And by his mean revenge condemned to bleed, - 

Would he have bartered, in that nwful hoar. 
His heart, his conscience, and bit cure renown, ' 
For the malignant mtirderer'a crimen and crawnM 



THE poet's pilgrimage. 65 

32. 
*^ Him too, I know, a worthy thought of fame 

In that dread trance upheld, — the foresight sure 
That in his own dear country his good name 

Long as the streams and mountains should en- 
dure; 
The herdsmen on the hills should sing his praise, 
And children learn his deeds through all succeeding 

days. 

83. 

^ Turn we to those in whom no glorious thought 
Lent its strong succor to the passive mind, 

Nor stirring enterprise within them wrought ; 
Who, to their lot of bitterness resigned. 

Endured their sorrows by the world unknown, 

And looked for their reward to Death alone, — 

34. 

" Mothers within Grerona's leagured wall. 

Who saw their famished children pine and die ; 

Widows surviving Zaragoza's fall 
To linger in abhorred captivity, — 

Tet would not have exchanged their sacred woe 

For all the empire of their miscreant foe." 

35. 

Serene the Old Man replied, and smiled with scorn, 
" Behold the effect of error ! thus to wear 

The days of miserable life forlorn, 
Straggling with evil, and consumed with care« 

VOL. X. F 



soUTHEra roE»s. 



Puor fools, nhom vwti aud empty bopes misleftdll 
They reap iheir KufFeringa for tlicir only meed." 



"Ofklse one!" I ezdaimed, ''wliom i.'oiiel tliuu 19 
Witli sauh gross sopliisms, but llie wicked k«a 

The pupils of thitiu own uuliappy school 

Are ihey who choose tlie Taio tttid empty paitM 

How oft iu age, iu aickiiess, aud in woe. 

Have they camplained Uiai all was viuiiiy bdow El 

37. 
** Look at that mighly Gaznevide, Mahmood, 

When, pining in hia Palace of Delight, 
He bade the gaibored §poild of realms subdued 

Be spread before him lo regale his ^ght, 
WhaU'er the Orieot boasts of rich and rare ; 
And then he wopt lo think what loy« ihey were I 



"Look at the Russinn minion when be played 
With pearls and jeweb which surpassed all [>ri 

And now apart their various hues arrayed, 
Blended their (»lora now in union nice. 

Then, weary of llie bawbles, with a sigh. 

Swept tliem aside, and thought that all wa^ vanity 8 



" We&ned by llie fatal Messenger from pride, 
Tho Syrian through the streets exposed his shro 



THB poet's pilgrimage. G7 

And one, that ravaged kiogdoms far and wide, 

Upon the bed of sickness cried aloud, 
What boote mj empire in this mortal throe ? 
For the 6ra\'e calls me now, and I must go ! ' 

40. 

^ Thus felt these wretched men, because decay 
Had touched them in their vitals. Death stood 
by; 

And Reason, when the props of flesh gave way, 
Purged as with euphrasy the mortal eye : 

Who seeks for worldly honors, wealth, or power. 

Will find them vain indeed at that dread hour ! 

41. 

'^ These things are vain ; but all things are not so, — 
The virtues and the hopes of human-kind : 

Tea, by the Grod who, ordering all below, 
In his own image made the immortal mind, 

Desires there are which draw from Ilim their 
birth. 

And bring forth lasting fruits for Heaven and Earth ! 

42. 

** Therefore, through evil and through good content, 
The righteous man performs his part assigned ; 

In bondage lingering, or with sufferings spent, 
Therefore doth peace support the heroic mind ; 

And, from the dreadful sacrifice (if all, 

Meek woman doth not shrink at Duty*s call. 



43. 

** Therefore the M«rtyr clasps the sUke ii 
And sings [hMiksgivlug frbtle the flames aspi 

Victorious over agony aud <Ieath, 

Sublime he stands, iind triumphs iu the fire, I 

As though to him Elijah's lot were given, 

And thut the chariot and the steeds ur Heaven.^ 



THE EVIL PEOPUbT. 



With that, my pa^onale discourse I brake ; 
Too <ii3t ihe thought, too strong the I 

Composed the Old Man ILsteued while I spoke, 
Nor mored tu wruth, nor capable of shame ; 
And, when I ceased, unaltered was hia micu, 

His hard eye anabushed, his IVont seren 



" Hard is it error from the mind lo weed," 
He answered, " where it striken so deep a ri 

Let us to other argumeot proceed, 
And, if we may, discover what lUe fruit 

Of this long alrife, — what harvest of great guod J 

The World shall reap for all this cost of blood " T 



TH£ poet's PIL6RIMAGB. 69 

3. 

Assuming then a frown as thus he said, 
He stretched his hand from that commanding 
height: 
^ Behold," quoth he, ^^ where thrice ten thousand 
dead 
Are laid, the victims of a single fight ! 
And thrice ten thousand more at Ligny lie, 
Slain for the prelude to this tragedy I 

4. 

•* This but a page of the great book of war, — 
A drop amid the sea of human woes ! 

Thou canst remember when the Morning Star 
Of Freedom on rejoicing France arose. 

Over her vine-clad hills and regions gay. 

Fair even as Phosphor, who foreruns the day. 

5. 

** Such and so beautiful that Star's upnse ; 

But soon the glorious dawn was overcast : 
A baleful track it held across the skies, 

Till now, through all its fatal changes past. 
Its course fulfilled, its aspects understood. 
On Waterloo it hath gone down in blood. 

6. 

* Where now the hopes with which thine ardent 
youth 
Rejoicingly to run its race began ? 



70 sooTHEr'a ronus. 

Where now the reign of Liberly and Troth, 

The Rights Omnipotenl of Equal Man, 
Till! prindples should make all discord cea^e. 
And bid poor human-kind repose at lenjitli i 
peace? 



" Behold the Bourbon to that throne by force 
Restored, IVom whence by fury he was casll 

Thus to the point where it began its course, 
The melancholy cycle comes at laat ; 

And wbut are all the intennediatc years ? 

What but n bootless wasic of bloud uiid teare? 



"The peace which thus at Waterloo ye won, 
Shall it endure with this exasperate foe ? 

In gralilude for all Ihnt ye haTe done, 
Will Friince her ancient enmity forego? 

Her wounded spirit, her envenomed will, 

Te know ; and ample means are left her etill. 



" What though the tresses of her strength i 
shorn: 

The roots remain untouched ; and as of old 
The bondsman Sam'on felt bin power return 

To hU knit flinews, so tihall ye behold 
France, like a ^ant fre<h from sleep, arise, 
And ru-L upon her sluraberiug enemiet. 



THE poet's pilgrimage. 7J 

10. 
" Woe, then, for Belgium, — for thh ill-doomed land. 

The theatre of strife through every age ! 
Look from this eminence whereon we stand : 

What is the region round us but a stage 
For the mad pastime of Ambition made, 
Whereon War's dreadful drama may be played? 

11. 

" Thus hath it been from history's earliest light. 
When yonder by the Sabis Caesar stood, 

And saw his legions, raging from the fight. 
Boot out the noble nation thev subdued : 

Even at this day, the peasant findeth there 

The relics of that ruthless massacre. 

12. 

**Need I recall the long religion? strife ; 

Or William's hard-fought fields ; or Marlborough's 
fame, 
Here purchased at such lavish price of life ; 

Or Fontenoy, or Fleurus* later name ? 
Wherever here the foot of man mav tread. 
The blood of man hath on that spot been shed. 

13. 

" Shall, then. Futurity a happier train 

Unfold than this dark picture of the past ? 

Dreamst thoii again of some Satuniian reign, 
Or that this ill-compacted realm should last? 



SOUTHEY3 POEMS. 



Its wealth and weakness U> llie foe ore known, 
And tlie first shock subverts its baseless ihroue. i 



" wretched countiy 1 beiler Eliuuld ihj' soil 
Be laid aguin beaeaih the invuding «eus, 

Tboa goodliest nutstei-pieue of bumaii toil. 

If still tliou must be doomed to scenes like thoMy 

Oh Destiny inexorable and blind ! 

Oh miserable lot of poor inanbuid!" 

15. 
Sajing lime, he Gxed on nie a searching aye 

Of stern regard, as if my heart to reach : 
Yet gave he now no leisure to reply; 

Fur, ere I might dispose my ihoughta for spe 
The Old Man, as ono who fell and understood 
His sirengUi, tbe theme of his diacourse jiursued 

IG. 
" If we look fiirtbcr, what shall tre beltold 

But everjwhere the swelling seeds of ill, 
Half-«motbered fires, and eauses DiHoifold 

Of strife lo oome ? — the powerful wnidiing d 
For fresh occasion to enlarge his power, 
The weak and injured waiting for their hour. 

17. 

• Will the rude Cos«ack with his spoils bear Imi 
The love of peace and humanizing an? 



TH£ poet's pilgrimage. 73 

Think je the nughtj Moscovite shall lack 

Some specious business for the ambitious heart ; 
Or the black Eagle, when she moults her plume. 
The form and temper of the Dove assume ? 

18. 

*• From the old Grermanic chaos hath there risen 
A happier order of established things ? 

And is the Italian mind from papal prison 
Set firee to soar upon its native wings ? 

Or look to Spain, and let her Despot tell 

If ^iiere thy high-raised hopes are answered well I " 

19. 

At that appeal my spirit breathed a groan ; 

But he triumphantly pursued his speech : 
« O Child of Earth ! " he cried with loftier tone, 

" The present and the past one lesson teach : 
Look where thou wilt, the history of man 
Is but a t&omy maze, without a plan ! 

20. 

** The winds which have in viewless heaven then 
birth, 

The waves which in their fury meet the clouds. 
The central storms which shake the solid earth, 

And from volcanoes burst in fiery floods, 
Are not more vague and purportless and blind 
Than is the course of things among mankind ! 



74 80DTHKT3 PUIiMti. 

21. 

" Basil hands unmvet whiit the w'ne hnve fpuni 
Rcjklms which in sti>ry fill so large a part, 

RiMn-etl by the strong, ore by the weak undone ; 
BarbRrinn$ overtlirow the worts of srt ; 

And wbal force spares is sapped by mre Aeeajf". 

So eartbly things are changed and pasd away, 

22. 
" And lliink not Diou thy England luuh ■ spell, i 

That shu ibis general fortune should elude: 
Easier lo cm^i the foreign foe ttiiui <)uell 

The umlii-'e whii^h misleads the multitu<le, 
And that dread malady of erring xeal, 
Wliieh like a cancer eats into the commonweal. 



" Tlie fabric of her power is undermined ; 

The earthquake undemealh it will have way; 
And all ilrnl glorious Glruclure, tv> the wind 

Sefltters a suturaer eload, be swept away: 
For Destiny, on this temwuial ball, 
Drives on her iron car, and crui^hes alK" 

24. 
Tlius as he ended, his mysterious form 

Enlarged, grew dim, iind vnnl^hrd from 



THE POETS PILGRIMAGE. iO 

At once on all sides rushed the gathered storm, 

The thunders rolled around, the wild winds blew ; 
And, as the tempest round the summit beat. 
The whole frail &bric shook beneath my feeL 



ra. 

THE SACRED MOUNT.VIN. 

1. 

But then, methonght, I heard a voice exclaim, 
" Hither, my Son ! oh, hither take thy flight ! " — 

A heavenly voice, which called me by my name, 
And bade me hasten from that treacherous^ 
height : 

The voice it was which I was wont to hear, 

Sweet as a Mother's to her infant's ear. 

2. 

I hesitated not, but at the call 

Sprung from the summit of that tottering tower. 
There is a motion known in dreams to all, 

When, buoyant by some self-sustaining power, 
Through air we seem to glide, as if set fi*ee 
From all encumbrance of mortality. 

3. 

Thus borne alofl, I reached the Sacred Hill, 
And left tlie scene of tempests far behind t 



BOUTUEYS POEMS, 



BuL that old Tempter'B parting tangungt stiU 
Pressed like a iminful burden ou my mind: 
The troubled soul had lost her inward light. 
And all within was black as Erebus and MJgkL 



The iboughia which I had known in jouth i 
lurned: 

But, oh I how clianged 1 — a sad and spectral train h 
And while fur all the inist^ries past I roouraed. 

And for the Uves whicli had been given in vai 
III porrow and in feiir 1 turned mine eje 
From the dark aspects of futurity. 



I wu^t the thickest woodland's shade profound, ■ 
As suited best tny melancbolr mood, 

And caat myself upon Ihe gloomy ground ; 
When, lo ! a grailual radiance fillc^rl the wood ; 

A heavenly presence rose upon my view, 

And in ibat form divine the awful Muse I knew. 



" Hath, then, that Spirit false perplexed iby h 
Ihou of ii[lle ^th?" severe she cried. 

" Beai' with me, Goddcj* ! heavenly as liiou art,* 
Bear with my earthly nature!" I replied, 

" And let me pour into thine ear my grief: 

Tliou canst enlighten, Ihou canst give relief. 



THB POETS PILGRIMAGE. ti 

7. 

** The ploughshare had gone deep, the mower's hand 
Had scattered in the open soil the grain ; 

The harrow, too, had well prepared the land : 
I looked to see the fruit of all thi^ pain ! 

Alas ! the thorns and old inveterate weed 

Hare sprang again, and stifled the good seed. 

8. 

** I hoped that Italj should break her chains, 
Foreign and papal, with the world's applause, 

Knit in finn imion her divided reigns. 
And rear a well-built pile of equal laws : 

Then might the wrongs of Venice be foi^ven, 

And joj should reach Petrarca*s soul in Heaveo. 

9. 

^ I hoped that that abhorred Idolatrj 

Had in the strife received it:> mortal wound : 

The Souls which from beneath the Altar crv. 
At length, I thought, bad their just vengeance 
found : 

In purple and in scarlet clad, behold 

The Harlot sits, adorned with gem^ and gold ! 

10. 

** The golden cup she bears full to the brim 

Of her abominations, as of yore ; 
Her eyeballs with inebriate triumph swim ; [mora, 

Though drunk with righteous blood, she thirsts for 



D re-a*sert Ler influence fell, 

X again let loose tbe Dogs of HelL 



" Woe for Ihai people, loo, who by tUeir path 
For the«e late triamphs first made plain the wa 

Whonj, in thu Valley of the Shade of Death, 
No fears nor Beiy Bufferings rould lUsmaj ; 

Ai't eoulU not n-mpl, nor violence iuthi-all. 

Their fii'm devotion, faithful found ilii-ough alll 

12. 
"Strange race of haughty heart and eiubbom wiB 

Slavery they love, and chains with pride tbey wei 
Inflexible alike in good or ill. 

The inveterate stamp of servitude they btsai 
Oh fale perverse, to see all change withstood, 
There only where all change must needs be goodfl 

13. ' 

"Bui them no foe can force, nor tViecid jicr^uadei 

Impassive sould in iron forms enclosed, 
As though of human mould they were not made, ] 

But of some sterner elements composed, 
Agmnst offending nations to be sent. 
The ruthless ministers of pumshment. 

14. 
" Where are those Minim afier that carter 

Wherewith all Europe rang from side to side?' 



THE poet's pilgrimage. 79 

In exile wandering ! Where the Mountaineer, — 

Late, like Pelayo, the Asturian's pride ? 
Had Ferdinand no mercy for that life, 
Exposed 80 long for him in daily, hourly strife? 

15. 

" From her Athenian orator of old 

Greece never listened to sublimer strain 

Than that with which, for truth and freedom bold, 
Quintana moved the inmost soul of Spain. 

What meed is his let Ferdinand declare, — 

Chains and the silent dungeon and despair ! 

16. 

** For this hath England borne so brave a i)art ? 

Spent with endurance, or in battle slain, 
Is it for this so many an English heart 

Lies mingled with the insensate soil of Spain ? 
Is this the issue, this the happy birth, 
In those long throes and that strong agony brought 
forth? 

17. 

** And, oh ! if England's fatal hour draw nigh ; 

If that moat glorious edifice should fall 
Bj the wild hands of bestial Anarchy, — 

Then might it seem that He who ordereth all 
Doth take for sublunar}' things no care : 
The burden of that thought is more than I can bear." 



80 SOUTHErS POEMS. 

18. 
Even aa a nuMlier lisleoa to Ler child, 

Mf pkjut the Muse Divine benignnnl heard i ^ 
Then answered, in reproving accents inild, 

" What if thou «ecat the Truil of hope dcrerro^n 
Dost thou for this in Ihltcring faith repine? 
A manlier, wiser virtue should be thine ! 

19. 
" Kre the good seed can give ils fruit in Spain, . 

The light must ahinc on thai btdarkcned landfl 
And lUtiy musi break her papal chnin. 

Ere ihe Kiil wiswcr to the sower's hand: 
For, till the soae their latiiers' fault repent. 
The old erixir brings it? direful puni^lmtent. 

" Uath not experience bade the niso man see 
Poor hope from innovations premature ? 

All sudden ehaiigu is Ul : slow grows llie lre« 
Wluch ill its strength through agt» ^hall endal 

III that ungrnieAil earth it lung may he 

DoiTQant ; but fear not that the seed should die. , 

21. 
" Falsely thai Tempter laughl thee, tltat ilie p 

Was but a bliod, iuxxlricable mau; 
Falsely he taught Uuil «vil overoast 

With gathering lempwta tbe^ie propilioua dajn 



THE poet's pilgrimage. 81 

That he in subtle snares thy soul might bind, 
And rob thee of thy hopes for human-kind. 

22. 

^ He told thee the beginning and the end 
Were indistinguishable all, and dark ; 

A.nd, when from his vain Tower he bade thee bend 
Thy curious eye, well knew he that no spark 

Of heavenly light would reach the baffled sense ; 

The mists of earth lay round him all too dense. 

28. 

^ Must I, as thou hadst chosen the evil part. 
Tell thee that Man is free, and God is good ? 

These primal truths are rooted in thy heart : 
But these, being rightly felt and understood, 

Should bring with them a hope, calm, constant, sure, 

Patient, and on the rock of faith secure." 

24. 

The Monitress Divine, as thus she spake. 
Induced me gently on, ascending still ; 

And thus, emerging from that mournful brake, 
We drew toward the summit of the hill, 

And reached a green and sunny place, so fair 

As well with long-lost Eden might compare. 

25. 

Broad cedars grew around that lovely glade. 
Exempted from decay, and never sear ; 
vou X. G 



Tbe etirring breeze, that swept Uiem in .» ...^h 
Itaisei] on the streBin a shower of Eparlcling lig| 

33. 

And all sweet birds snug there their lays of lovc^j 
The mellow thrush ; the blnckbinl loud and »\ 

The rapturotu uigbtingale, that shook ihe grove, 
Uade the ears vibrate, and the heartstrio^^ thrill t 

The ambitious lark, that, soaring tn the sky, 

Poured forth Ler lyric sItbib of ecstaaj. 

84. 
tjometimee, when that wild chorus iDlertnits, 

The linnet's aong was heard amid the trees, — 
A low, sweet voice; and, sweeter still, nl Bis 

The ringdove's wooing osme ii|>on the breeze ; 
Wliile, with the wind which moved the leaves among 
The murmuring waters joined in uiideriong. 

85. 
The hare Ui'iporled here, and feared no ill. 

For never evil thing that glade came nigh ; 
The sheep were Iree to wander at Qieir will, 

As needing there no earthly shepherd's eye \ 
riie bird sought no concealment for her nest. 
So perfect was the peace wherewith tbuse 1 
were bleat. 

36. 
All blending thus with all in one delight. 

The soul wa« soothed and satisfied and filled: 



THE poet's pilgrimage. 85 

This mingled bliss of sense and sound and sight, 

The flow of boisterous mirth might there have 

stilled, 

And, sinking in the gentle spirit deep, 

Have touched those strings of joy which make un 

weep. 

87. 

Even thus in earthly gardens had it been, 
If earthly gardens might with these compare ; 

But, more than all such influences, I ween. 
There was a heavenly virtue in the air. 

Which laid all vain, perplexing thoughts to rest, 

And healed and calmed and purifled the breast. 

38. 

Then said I to tliat guide divine, *^ My soul. 

When here we entered, was overcharged with grief; 

For evil doubts, which I could not control. 
Beset my troubled spirit. This relief. 

This change, — whence are they ? Almost it might 
seem 

I never lived till now, — ail else had been a dream." 

39. 

My heavenly teacher answered, ** Say not seem, — 
In this place all things are what they appear ; 

And they who feel the past a feverish dream, 
Wake to reality on entering here : 

These watew are the Well of Life ; and, lo I 

The Rock of Ages there, from whence they flow.* 



Sayiiig thus, we came upon sn inner gliule, 
The hoUei'l place that human eyes might seed 

For all thHi vbIc was like a lemplc maile 
By Nature's hand, and this ihe Muctuniy ; 

Where, in its bed of liring rook, the ttood 

Of Man's redemption firmly plnnied stood. 



And at its foot ibe never-failing Well 
Of Life profusely flowed that all might d 

Most bled»ied Water! Neitliei- tongue win ; 
The bleaseijnefis thereof, nor heait can th; 

Save only those to whom it hard been given 

To tasie of that divinest gift of Heaven. 



"There grew a goodly Tr.'e this WeL beside: 

Behold a branch from Eden plained here. 
Plucked from tlic Tree of Knowledge I" eaidli 

" Child of Adnm I put away ihy foar ; 
In thy first father's grave it hnih its root; 
Taste thou the bitter, but the wholesome, fruit."j 

43. 
In awe I heard, and trembled, and obeyed; 

The hitlenicss wa^ even as of death; 
I felt a cold anil piercing thrill pervade 

My loosened limbs; and, lo«ng «ighl am) breath. 



THE POET'S PILGRIMAGE. 87 

To earth I should have fallen in my despair, 

Had I not clasped the Cross, and )>een supported 

there. 

44. 

My heart, I thought, was bursting with the force 
Of that most fatal fruit ; soul-si(^k I felt ; 

And tears ran down in such continuous course, 
As if the very eyes themselves should melt« 

But then I heard my heavenly teacher say, 

" Drink, and this mortal stound will pass away." 

45. 

I stooped, and drank of that divinest "Well, 
Fresh from the Rock of Ages where it ran ; 

It had a heavenly quality to quell 
My pain : I rose a renovated mjui, 

And would not now, when that relief was known. 

For worlds the needful suffering have foregone. 

46. 

Even as the Eagle (ancient storyers say), 

When, faint with years, she i'ccls her flagging wing, 

Soars up toward the mid-sun's piercing ray, 
Then, filled with fire, into some living spring 

Plunges, and, casting there her 2iged plumes. 

The vigorous strength of primal youth resumes ; — 

47. 

Such change in me that blessed Water wrought ; 
The bitterness which, from its fatal root. 



TUe Ti'ee derived, witU [laiufiil healing Traugb^t 

Passed cluui awHy; and in iu place tlie fru 
Produced, by vinoe of tbat wondrous vrgTe, 
The savor wliieh in Paradise it gave. 



" Now," said the heavenly Mose, " Ihou mayst i 

Filly [irejiared, toward the mountain's height, i 
O Cliilii of Man ! tliis necessary trance 

Hath purified from flavr Ihy mortal t^lght, 
That, wiih scope uuconfined of vision free, 
Thou ihe beginning and ihe end innyst see." 

49. 
She look me by (be hnud, and on we wer 

Hope urged me forward, and my soul w 
With winged speed we scaled the sleep ascent; 

Nor seemed Ihe labor dilU<'uk or long. 
Ere on ihe summit of the sacr<;d hill 
0praided 1 stood, where 1 might gaxc my fill. 

50. 
Below me lay, unfolded like a scroll, 

The boundless region where I wandered lale^ i 
Where I might see realms spread and oceans rt>ll,' 
And moan tains from iheireloud-eurmounU'ng stale 
^Smrfed like a map benentb the excureive sight, 
I was the range fh)m ihac command 
ighi. 



THE poet's pilgrimage. 89 

51. 
Eastward with dai^ness round on every side, 

An eye of light was in the farthest sky. 
** Lo, the beginning ! " said my heavenly Guide : 

** The steady ray which there thou canst descry 
Gomes firom lost Eden, from the primal land 
Of man * waved over by the fiery brand.' 

52. 

*• Look now toward the end ! no mists obscure 
Nor clouds will there impede the strengthened 
sight ; 
Unblenched thine eye the vision may endure." 

I looked ; surrounded with effulgent light, 
More glorious than all glorious hues of even. 
The Angel Death stood there in the open Gate of 
Heaven. 



IV. 
THE HOPES OF MAN. 

1. 

" Now," said my heavenly Teacher, " all is clear 1 
Bear the Beginning and the End in mind, 

The course of human things will then appear 
Beneath its proper laws ; and thou wilt find* 

Through all their seeming labyrinth, the plan 

Which ' vindicates the wavs of God to man.' 



•' Free clioife dolli Man posaeas of gcxw! or Ul i 
All were but mockery else. From Wisd 

Too oft, perverted by ibe tainted will. 

Is his rebellious nature drawn Astray ; 
Therefore an Inward monitor is giTHi, 
A voice lliat answers to the low of Heaven. 



S. 
" Frail as he if, and as on iufanl weak. 

The knowledge of his wenkne^ is his RtrengtliflJ 
For succor i; vouchsafed to tho^e who Mck 

In humble fmth sincere; and, when at Icn^ 
Deatli «ets the disembodied xpirit free. 
According to their deeib iheir lot ,'hnll be. 



" Thus, ahould the chnnce of privnie fortune 
A Irans^ilnry doubt. Death answers nil. 

And in the scale of nnlions, if the ways 
Of Proviilcncu mysleriotis we may c.ill. 

Yet, rightly rieweii. nit history doth impnrt 

Comfort anil hope and strength to the believing hi 



" For through llie lAps« of aires may the oouru'^ 
Of moral gooil prt^ressive still be seen 

Tliough uioiiniAil dynofilies of Pmud nnd Forei 
Dark Vice and purblind Ignoraiict;, inlcrvons^ 



THE POET'S PILGRIMAGE. 91 

Empires and Nations rise, decay, and fall ; 

But still the Good survives and perseveres through 

alL 

6. 

" Tea, even in those most lamentable times, 
When, everywhere to wars and woes a prey. 

Earth seemed but one wide theatre of crimes, 
Grood unperceived had worked its silent way, 

And all those dread convulsions did but clear 

The obstructed path to give it free career. 

7. 

" But deem not thou some overruling Fate, 
Directing all things with benign decree, 

Through all the turmoil of this mortal state, 
Appoints that what is best shall therefore be : 

Even as from man his future doom proceeds. 

So nations rise or fall, accoi'ding to their deeds. 

8. 

" Light at the first was given to human-kind. 
And Law was written in the human heart : 

If they forsake the Light, perverse of mind. 
And wilfully prefer the evil part, 

Then to their own devices are they left. 

By their orni choice of Heaven's support bereft. 

9. 

^ The individual culprit may sometimes 
Unpunished to his ai\er-reckoning go : 



Not thuB collective man ; for public unmes 

Draw on thL-ir proper punishment below; 
Wben Nations go astray, from nge to age 
The effects remain, a fatal berilage. 

10. 
"Bear witness, Kgypt, thy huge monuments 

Of priestly (rauO and granny austere I 
Bear witness thou, who^ie only name pregents 

AH holy feelings to religion dear, — 
In Earth's darh drelet once the pi-ecious gem 
Of living light, — fallen Jerusalem I 

n. 

" See barbarous Africa, on every side 

To error, wretchedneMi, and crimes resigned 1 

Behold tie Ticioua Orient, far and wide 

Inihralled in slavery! As ihe human mind 

Comipts and goes to wreck. Earth sickens tberei*fl 

And the eonln^on taints Ihe ambient air. 

12. 
" They had the Light, and from the Light t 

What marvel if ihey grope in darkness lost ? 
They had the Law: God's nntoral Law they 
scorned ; 

And, choosing error, thus they pay the cost! 
Wherever Falsehood and Oppression reign. 
There degradation follows in their train. 



THE poet's PILGRDLIGE. 93 

13. 

^ What, then, in these late days had Europe been,— 
This moral, intellectual heart of earth, 

From which the nations who lie dead in sin 

Should one day yet receive their second birth, — 

To what had she been sunk, if brutal Force 

Had taken unrestrained its impious course I 

14. 

**' The Light had been extinguished, — this, be sure. 
The first wise aim of conscious Tyranny, 

Which knows it may not with the Light endure : 
But where Light is not. Freedom cannot be ; 

* Where Freedom is not, there no Virtue is ; ' 

Where Virtue is not, there no Happiness. 

15. 

^ If^ among hateful Tyrants of all times 
For endless execration handed down, 

One may be found surpassing all in crimes, 
One that for infamy should bear the crown, 

Napoleon is that man, in guilt tlie first. 

Pre-eminently bad among the worst. 

16. 

*^ For not, like Scythian conquerors, did he tread 
From his youth up tiie common path of blood ; 

Nor like some Eastern Tyrant was he bred 
In sensual harems, ignorant of good: 



TLeir vic<» (roia the uircuiusiauce have growo; 
His, \iy delibeniltj purpose, were lib own. 

17. 
" Not led awaj by cireumstaiice be erred. 

But from the widied bear' his error caine: 
By Forluue m tbe higliest ptaoe pref«rnsd, 

llti sougbt Ibrough evil meaRa an dvU oimt 
And all lii^ nilltless mi»asiir«s were designed 
To enslave, dtgrade, and brutalize mankind. 

m. 

" Some barbaroos dream of empire lo t\ilfll, 
Those iron ages be would have restored. 

When Law was but the raffian soldier's vrill, 
Might govemed all, the sceptre was tbe S' 

And Peace, not elsewhere finding whore lo i 

Sought a awl refuge in the convenl-ccll. 



" Too fiir liad lie aui.-ceeded. In his mould 
An eWI generation had been framed, 

By no religion tempered or controlled, 
By foul examples of all crimes inflamed. 

Of faith, of honor, of compassion roid: 

Such were llie fitting agenla he employed. 



* Believing as yon lying Spirit tnught, 
Tbcy to that vain pltiluMphy held last. 




TB£ POETS nLSKIlLLGE- !^ 

And [nuted tfau. as Umv be^an TK-tu uou^hk 

To Doihiiig tht^y sbiMiid n««ds rtrtuni at last : 
Ucnoe no resusini tu' i-ttn^otuce, du iviuorr^ ; 
Bol CTOy faaut^ul passioD kut ilf cOUtm'. 

21. 
^ And, bad Ibc v triumpLtd, EanL had oiin: agaui. 

To Yioleun: jfUbdut-d. ainl iiupivuf Pride. 
Verged to &ucb a ^uil' ui' iricLniufsf, a? wliiii 

Tbe GiaDiTA' ca old ihar God uirjii-d: 
And Ueaviiii, im^taiieui of a wuriii like iLi-^ 
Opened its doudgaie^, and biukc up (Ltr ubvs^ 



- Tlutt danger fc gone bv. On Wattrli*> 

The TjTani"! fortuue in die scale wa> « lijjiicd, - 

Uis fortuui: and th<: World'?; and EnglaiiU ilirt'W 
Her swoid iniu the balance. — dun n ii snavt-d ; 

And, when in battle nni he mi^i [hui liic. 

There he receivt^ his uioruil ovcnhrun ." 

- O my brave Counlr/njea ! " niih tliai 1 raid, — 
For tbeu my heart with transpiirt overriowed,— 

~ O Men of Kuglaud I oulilv have yc jiuid 
TIjc debt which to your ancesiurs ye owed. 

And fathered for your children's heriia>^ 

A ^ory that shall laiil from age to age." 



96 soutrky's poems. 

24. 
•* Aiid we (i»I well, when, ou our Mountain's 1il> 

For Wntirloo we nti.^ed Uie festal fluioe, 
And in our triumph taught the slarllM night 

To ring with Wclllnglon's victorious name, 
Making llic far-olf mariner udinire 
I'o iee tlie crest of SkitiJaw [tluined with fire. 

25. 
" 'Vhe SiIoOTi, who had in sileJtM visited 

Hb lonely summit from the birth of tim^ 
Tliul hour au unavaiUiig splendor shed. 

Lost in the ufliilgenee of ifae flame sublime. 
In wli«o bi-ood blaze r^oicingly we slood. 
And oil below a deptlt of blacliL-it Mthlude. 

2G. 
" Fit tbealre for ibiii great joy we chose ; 

For never siace, above the aUaiiog Flood 
Bmcrging, lii-st tbal pinnacle arose, 

Had cawe been given for deeper gmtiiude, 
t"or prouder joy lo every Engliab heart, 
When England had so well performed her ardiK 
jmrt." 

27. 

The Huse replied with gentle smile benigtt, 
" Well mayai tliou praise ibe land that gave Ibee 
binh, 

And bless the Fate which made tluit country thiiN 
For of all ages and all pari* of uartli. 



THR POET*S PILGRniAOE. 97 

To choose thy time and place did Fate allow, 
Wise choice woald be this England and this Now. 

28. 

" From bodily and mental bondage, there 
Hath Man his full emancipation gained ; 

The viewless and illimitable air 
Is not more free than Thought ; all unrestrained, 

Nor pined in want, nor sunk in sensual sloth, 

There may the immortal Mind attain its growth. 

29. 

" There, under Freedom's tutelary wing, 
Deliberate Courage fears no human foe ; 

There, undefiled, as in their native spring, 
The living waters of Religion flow ; 

There, like a beacon, the transmitted Light, 

Conspicuous to all nations, burneth bright. 

80. 

" The virtuous will she hath, which should aspire 
To spread the sphere of happiness aud light ; 

She hath the power to answer her desire. 
The wisdom to direct her power aright : 

The will, the power, the wisdom, thus combined, 

What glorious prospects open on mankind ! 

31. 

* Behold ! " she cried ; and, liiling up her hand. 
The shaping elements obeyed her will ; 
vou z. H 



A. vapor gathered round our lolly slaiid, 

BoUud ill thick voluiuuit o'or the Sacred UiU \ 
Deeceuding ihuu, its surges far and near 
Filled all the wide, eubjoceui nUuoapliei'e. 

32. 
As I have seen from Skiddaw'^ atony hi-ight 

The &eecy clouds scud round mu ou tlicir w: 
CoodeDse beneoih, aiid hide the vale from tightt 

Theu, opening. Just disclose where Dcrwcnt 1| 
Burnished with sim:>liine like a fiilver shield. 
Or old BnehaiilCT's ghi;^, for uftgic fonns til field tj 

33. 
So at her will, iu thai reoedlug sheet 

Of mist wherewith the world was overlaid, 
A living picture moved beneath our feet: 

A spacious Ciiy first was there disjilajed. 
The seat where England fi'om her ancient reign J 
Doth rule the Ocean as her own domain. 

84. 
In Vendor with tbose bmous dlies old. 

Whose power it hiith soqiwaed, it now m^t <n 
Through many a bridge the wealUi}' river lulledS 

Aspiring columns reared iheir heads on high tU 
Triumphal arubea fpaiined the roudti, and gnve < 
Due guerdon (o the memory of the brave. 



THE poet's pilqbihage. 99 

35. 

A landscape followed, such as might compare 
With Flemish fields for well-requited toil : 

The wonder-working hand had everywhere 
Subdaed all circumstance of stubborn soil; 

Li fen and moor reclaimed, ricli gardens smiled^ 

And populous hamlets rose amid the wild. 

36. 

There the old seaman, on his native shore, 
Enjoyed the competence de??erved so well ; 

The soldier, his dread occupation o'er, 
Of well-rewarded service loved to tell ; 

The gray-haired laborer there, whose work was done« 

In comfort saw the day of life go down. 

37. 

Such was the lot of eld ; for childhood there 
The duties which belong to life was taught : 

The good seed, early sown and nursed with care. 
This bounteous harvest in its season brought ; 

Thus youth for manhood, manhood for old age, 

Prepared, and found their weal in every stage. 

38. 

Einough of knowledge unto all was given 
In wisdom's way to guide their steps on earth. 

And make the immortal spirit fit for heaven. 
This needful letirning was their right of birth ; 



Further migbt each, who chose it, persevere; 
No miad ivas lost fur lack of culture herv. 



Aud thai whole happy rc^gion swarmed with lifi^ 
Village and town ; as bmy bees iu spriug, 

In sonny days, when aweeteat flowers ure rife. 
Fill fields aud gardens with tlicir munuuring. 

Oh joy to see the State in perfect healtti 1 

Her numbers wei-e tier pride and power and wealth. 



Tlien *4iw I, as the magic picture moved, 
Her chores enriched with many a port and p 

No girt of liberal Nature unimproved: 
The seas their never-failing harvest here 

Supplied, Bs Iwiinteous as the air wiiieli fed 

Israel, when mauuii fell from heaven for bread. 

41. 
Many a tall ve^el in her liarbars lay. 

About to spread il^ canvae to the breese, 
Bound upon happy errand to convey 

The adventurous colonist beyond the seasi 
Toward those distant lands where Britain bleet | 
With her redundant life the East and Week 

42. 
Tlie landscape cbauged : a region next was «< 
Where sable swane on rivers yet unfbund 



THE poet's pilgrimage. 101 

OHded throngh broad savannas ever green ; 

Innomerous Hocks and herds were feeding round. 
And scattered farms appeared, and hamlets fair, 
And rising towns, which made another Britain there. 

48. 

Then, thick as stars which stud the moonless sky, 
Green islands in a peaceful sea were seen ; 

Darkened no more with blind idolatry, 
Nor curst with hideous usages obscene, 

But healed of leprous crimes, from butchenng 
strife 

Delivered, and reclaimed to moral life. 

44. 

Around the rude Morai, the temple now 
Of truth, hosannas to the Holiest ning : 

There, from the Christian's equal marriage-vow, 
In natural growth, the household virtues sprung ; 

Children were taught the paths of heavenly peace, 

And age in hope looked on to its release. 

45. 

The light those happy Islanders enjoyed, 

Gkx)d messengers from Britain had conveyed ; 

(Where might such bounty wiselier be em[)loyed ?) 
One people with their teachers were they made, 

Their arts, their language, and their faith, the same ; 

Ajid, blest in all, for all they blest the British 
name. 



]U2 SODTHEr'S rOEMS. 

■4G. 
Tlii'ii rose a. different laml, where Iciflie^l Lrces J 

High o'er Ihe grove their ftui-tilie foliage n 
Where spicy bowpre upon the parsing breeise 

Diffiise thoir precious fragrance for and n 
And yet unlaiight to Iwnd his luasaive knee, 
Wisest of brutes, (lie elephant mama free. 

47. 
MiniatrRtit ihere to health and public good. 

The bii^y axe was lieiinl on every side, 
Oltcatng new channels, that the noxious wood 4 

Willi wind and sunshine might lie purified. 
And Ihflt wise Government, the general friendyl 
Might everywhere it* eye ajirl nrin extend. 

The half-lwuUil H«Iah eainy from his rntreat, 
Ti) human lif'B by hmnnti kinihiess wim i 

The Ciniriilese l>i-|jeld that waric oompleia 

Whioli Holland in her day had wi-ll liegun ] I 

Tlie Cnndiuu, pros[n»ring under Bril.iin' 

Blest Che redeeming hand which bnike his ohil 

411. 
Colors and castes were heedi-d there no 

Laws which depraved, dt^mdcd, nnd oppra 
Were luid aside ; for on lliut l>nppy r^hora 

All men with eijual liberty were hlr^st: 



THE POET*S PILGRIMAGE. 103 

And, throagh the land, the breeze upon its swells 
Bore the sweet music of the sabhath-bells. 

50. 

Again the picture changed : those Isles I saw 
With every crime through three long centuries 
curst, 

While unrelenting Avarice gave the law ; 
Scene of the injured Indians' sufferings first. 

Then doomed, for Europe's lasting shame, to see 

The wider-wasting guilt of Slaver}-. 

51. 
That foulest blot had been at length effaced ; 

Slavery was gone, and all the power it gave, 
Whereby so long our nature was debased. 

Baleful alike to master and to slave. 
O lovely Isles ! ye were indeed a sight 
To fill the spirit with intense delight ! 

52. 
For willing industry and cheerful toil 

Performed their easy ta<k, with Hope to aid ; 
And the free children of that happy soil 

Dwelt each in peace beneath his cocoa's shade, — 
A race who with the European mind 
The adapted mould of Africa combined. 

53. 
Anon, methonght that in a spacious S({uare, 
Of some great town the goodly ornament. 



104 souTHEir'a poejus. 

Tbive «i«tuci I bohuld, of sculptiiri; fair: 

"Thegc," stuil the Mtiee, "ure thi;y whom J 
coDBcnt 
Shall there deem worthy of the purest fume: 
Knowest thou who beet such gratitude niny clnisi 

54. 
" ClaHtson," I tmswered, " first ; wbotn to hsre d 

And known in social houre rany be my pride, 1 
Such fiiendship being praise ; and one, 1 ween. 

Is Wilberforce, placed rightly M his side, 
Wliose eloquent voice in ilinl great cause was hea rd 
So ofi aud well. But who shall be llie third ?" 



" "nme," said my Teacher, " will reveal the n 
Of him who wilh tliese worihie« shall eojof 3 

The equal honor of enduring fiime: 
He who (he root of evil ehall destroy, 

And from our I>aws shall blot the accursed « 

Of Slave, shall rightly stand with tticm [irelerr 

56. 
" EiKugh I " the GoddtM cried. Wiih thai ihe doud 

Obeyed, and closed Upon ihe magie eAxiw, 
"Thus much," quoih she, "Is U> tbiae hopes al- 

lUfi may impede, delays may inl«rvime t 
But scenes like these the combg ag« wiU b 
If England but pursue llie oour^u of rigbta 



THE POET*S PILGRIMAGE. 105 



04. 

** On she must go progressively in good, 

In wisdom and in weal, — or she must wane. 

Like Ocean, she may have her ebb and flood, 
But stagnates not. And now her path is plain : 

Heaven's first command she may fulfil in peace. 

Replenishing the earth with her increase. 

58. 

^ Peace she hath won, — with her victorious hand 
Hath won through rightful war auspicious peace ; 

Nor this alone, but that in every land 

The withering rule of violence may cease. 

Was ever War with such blest victory crowned ? 

Did ever Victory with such fruits abound ? 

59. 

** Rightly for this shall all good men rejoice, — 
They most who most abhor all deeds of blood : 

Rightly for this with reverential voice 

Exalt to Heaven their hymns of gratitude : 

For ne'er till now did Heaven thy country bless 

With such transcendent cause for joy and tliankful- 

ness. 

60. 

** If they in heart all tyranny abhor, 

This was the fall of FreedoniV direst foe ; 

If they detest the impious lust of war. 
Here hath that passion had its overthrow : 



106 



soutbet's pobms. 



As the best prospects of mankind are dear^ 
Their joy should be complete, their prayers of praise 
sincere. 



61. 

'^ And thoa to whom in spirit at this hoar 
The vision of thy Country's bliss is given ; 

Who feelest that she holds her trusted power 
To do the will and spread the wo«l of Heaven, — 

Hold fast the faith which animates thy mind. 

And in thy songs proclaim the hopes of human- 
kind.'* 



NOTES 



TO 



THE POET'S PILGRIMAGE TO WATERLOO. 



PART I. 

The Mcomd day teas that when Martel broke 
The Musgtdtnen. — L 8, p. 12. 

Upon this subject, Miss Plamptre relates a remarkable 
ttMcdote, in the words of one of the sufferers at Lyons: — 

** At my entrance into the prison of the Becluse, I found 
about twelve hundred of my fellow-citizens already immured 
there, distributed in different apartments. Tlie doom of four> 
fifths of them at least was considered as inevitable : it was lest 
a prison than a fold, where the innocent sheep patiently waited 
the hour that was to carr}' them to the revolutionary shambles. 
In this dreary abode, how long, how tedious, did the days 
appear! — they seemed to have many more than twenty-four 
hours. Yet we were allowed to read and write, and were 
composed enough to avail ourselves of this privilege; nay, we 
could sometimes even so far forget our situation as to import 
and gambol together. The continued imngo^ of destruction and 
devastation which we had betbro our eyes, the little ho[>e 
that appeared to any of us of escaping our ineiniced fati\ sv> 
familiarized us with the idea of death, that a stoical serenity 
had taken possession of our minds: we had been kept in a 
state of fear till the sentiment of fear was lost. All our con- 
versation bore the character of this disposition: it was re- 
flective, but not complaining; it was serious without being 
melancholy, and often presented novel and striking ideas. 
One day, when we were conversing on the inevitable chain of 
•rents and the irrevocable order of things, on a sudden one 



108 



tJOUTBET'd PO£ll9. 



of our party escUimed, lh>t «c owed nil oar mtifortuils ;• 
Otuirla Moriel. We thongbt him cnvitig; but tliBi ha ma- 
•onsd to proTC bii bypothetla: ' Had not Cbnrlca Unitsl,' tulil 
lis, ' coaqneted the Srnnceni, theas litler, alrciulj inuUn of 
Gaieiuie, of Sninttniga, of Perigord, iind of Poitou, would won 
hire cxiended ibelrdominioD over nil Pranco; luid from Ibot 



relJgLol 






atM« dlipute* : ne iboiild DOt now have a*i«aibUc« of ilia 
people, cinbt, commillcee of public lafety, nitgM, ImpriBon- 
DSDli, bloodj execuliona.* To tliia miui, tliu Turkuh (jRlani 
of goTemmenl oppenred prefenille iDtlierorolalionikryr^juiM; 
•od, all chance* cuiculnted, hs iirufnTcd th« bovralrliiiE of llie 
baaliaw, rarely dmwn, to Ibc me of tbe guLllo 



Thai MtUse—l 10. p. 13. 
" ll u ODcerMbi what niunben were tlslo during the tJ 
ofOMendi yei it 1> mid that there wu found in a commlstfy't 
pocket, wtio waa ilalu before Oitend the Ttb of Aaguil, bi ' 
(be fielding Ihereof, dlTen remaritablc uotei and ol 
•nd, among the rest, what number died wilboat Ii 
dnke't camp, of evvry degree. 



KulfDa . 



{ which nDnil>er 1> nCt] 
great, ooBtldering Ibe long liege, Eiakaeu, and the ootd w 
npoD the ua-ooBil. lu >o oold ■ ollmate, flgbtiiig asu'ini 
Clemenn. It U ODhnaWD ohat uunibcr .U«l In Ilie I 



NOTKS TO THE POET*S PILGRIMAGE. 109 

the which is thought much less, for that thero were not so 
BMny in the town, and they were better kxlged, had more ease, 
and were better Tietualled." — GrimeMont^* Hist, of the Ntiktr^ 
ioMb, p. 1317. 

** The besieged in Ostend had certain adventuring soldiers 
whom they called Lopers ; of the which, among other captains, 
were the young CapL Grenn, and Capt. Adam Van Leest. 
Their arms which they bore were a long and great pike, with 
a flat head at the neather end thereof, to the end that it shoul 1 
not sink too deep into the mud ; a h:\rquebuse hung in a scarf, 
as we hare said of frebuters; a coutelos at his side, and his 
di^;ger about his neck ; who would usually leap over a ditch 
four and twenty foot broad, skinuishing often with his enemy, 
so as no horseman could overtake them before thoy had leapt 
over the ditches againc.** — Ibid. 1299. 

''In remembnmce of the long siege of Ostend and the win- 
ning of Since, there were certaine counters made in the United 
Prorincas, both of silver and copper, tlie one having on the 
<»I6 side the picture of Ostend, and on the other tlie towns of 
Bhinbei^, Grave, Sluce, Ardenbourg, and the forts of Isen* 
dyke and Cadsant, with this inscription round about: *Plus 
triennio ol)sessa, hosti rudcra, patris quatuor ex me urbes 
dedL Anno 1604.* Ostend, being more than three years 
besi^ed, gave tlie encmie a heap of stones, and to her native 
oonntjry four towncs. 

** The town of Utrecht did also moke a triumphant piece uf 
ooyne both of gold and silver, where on the one side stood t!ie 
si^o of Ostend, and on the other the siege of Sluce, and all 
the forts and havens; and on both sides round about wo.'^ 
graven — 

* J«hoTah prius dedermt plus quam perdidimos.' " 

Ibid. 1818. 



Mnny a rich vtsitly from the injurious frn^ 
Anier tfte bo»rm of thy quitt quay. — 1. 12, p. 14. 

These lines are borrowed from Quarlcs. The pass^age io 
which they occur would be very ])lcasing, if he had not dis* 
Igared it in a most extraordinary manner. 



SOOTBEY'S POBIIS. 



Up.«.Uu 



MnUn njtfnt ■nil rmiw r* : 
rsrMki jouc IwUiMI ublilni ; up. uvl Idub 

Chauv up. ihs wi>l»nie iliair* !• nigh •! niini 
E&11*, ftutlQ plnuevl itllh ft pTOfponiu filflt 
To Ihi bl> oi VwtBi: mU: i<<u(1> plinnn! w 
Fonoaa cvniliiel tbm; dl thr kiM\t Olvlita 
Hh dltn OHKOM, Out tbgB twUi ntWjr M 
Ipli> tbt homta* of LUj qiiht kuj. 
Anil qqlla ttio lilrlr uf Ui> lojuriow ■■■." 



Bnigit. — 1. 14, ji. IK. 

" llrbt fxt nd mlreonlnni jialohn, polgni, imani*!" 
Luigi Gulocinrdini. In power li gone bf, but its ben 
perhapt, ninre iinprei»ir8 now Iban iii IU« dnys of lis ij 
■nd proiperlly. 

IL Psqaet SjplioriBQi nnd mnnj wiilan afltir him, n 
Uu pnMmitlun of tlm monnmetiU of Chnrtn t}iv Be 
bit dnoghwr Mary of Burguiiily, wifo to Uio Arclirfulii! 
lEillan; bat Uier do nol mantion tlie name of (he bcadla « 
jirsHned lli«in nl lliu linmineut riek of lili nun 
Diiilter ia ll^i ixmon'! nnnte. Dnring itie r«Tolutia 
ItvDty, HLm the mob seemeii lo lokv mtnt pleamnr Id fl 
>lr«]rlQg whatever waa miHl Tunernble, he look tbttt tploi' 
lomlta to placet, and bnilod tb«D doling Ibe night; for wbldr 
Iw was pn»criheil. aiiil a reward of two thoiuHntI fninca IM 
upiui hii lieiu]. BotuipHrte, after his maniagn itito (he Ana- 
tnnn liniiily, rewanled him witli one thimrand fraiiet, bii^^ 
gave ten tbooiand fiir MnametiUng the cbnpel in whlob fl 
tombs were npbued. Thli Las bean dona irith Uols ■ 



r*nt itKenbaf Hiom (o lluir rait 

HflnJfli/tm ludy ton ratraiit. — 1. 81. p. 18. 

TU Baguiiiui. Hetful li iiiittakcu whuii ht »ji> (I. Tiil 



NOTES TO THE POET's PILGRIMAGE. Ill 

!». €} tliat the Beguinage at Mechlin is the finest in aU Flan> 
den: it is not oomparnble to that at Ghent, which, for extent 
•nd beaatft may be called the Capital of the community. 



Aloit^ . . . 
Whtre wkUom treachery tUnned (ht EnglUh name. — 1. 41, p. 22. 

In 1688, ** the English garrison of Alost being mutinied for 
their pay, the Ganthois did not only refuse to give it them, 
but did threaten to force them out, or else to famish them. In 
the mean time, the Prince of Parma did not let slip this 
opportunity to make his profit thereby, but did solicit them 
by fair words and promises to pay them ; and these English 
companies, not accustomed to endure hunger and wiuit, began 
to gire ear unto him ; for that their colonel, Sir John Norris, 
and the States, were somewhat slow to provide for their pay, 
for the which they intended to give order. But it was too late ; 
for, after that the English had chased away the rest of the 
garrison which were of the country, then did Capt. Pigut, Vin- 
cent, Taylor, and others, agree to deliver up the town unto 
the Spaniard, giving them lor their pay, which they received, 
thirty thousand pistolets. And so the said town was delivered 
onto the Spaniard in the beginning of December, and tilled 
with Wallons. Most of these English went to serve the Prince 
<^ Parma in his camp before Eckloo; but, finding that he 
trusted them not, they ran in a manner ail away." — Grimt- 
floiie,833. 

It is one proof of the improved state of general feeling in 
the mwe civilized states of Europe, that instances of this 
kind of treachery have long since ceased even to be suspected. 
During the long wars in the Netherlands, nothing was more 
common than for officers to change their party, — considering 
war as a mere profession, in which their services, like those of 
« lawyer, were for the be:it bidder. 



Then saw wt Affiightm^ by ruin rent. — I. 42, p. 22. 

This magnificent abbey was destroyed during the revolu- 
tfon, — an act of popular madness, which tlie people in its 



112 BOCTBRr'S POEMS. 



tlchiitr now tpoke of wilh unn*ailliig reenl. Tbu llbnr} 

Unlccliirdlal ollt it, " trluo qnldeni,iit qooil nd libroa untiqao* 
liRbcBtur pro locuplellsalmii Hnml el InudniiHlmn ouivcna 
Isliua traclns." Tb> detlracllaa oT booka during Ibe reTOln- 
tioD wu deptanlilj gnrnt. A IxiokMllar at Uninali lold ma 
b« hud hinutlf nt oiie tima Mtit oIT fl'o and twenty wngon- 
load* Ibr wute pnp«r, md uld mors thin one hundred ihou- 
Mud pounds weight for the nune porposo '. In tbi* nuuaer 
ivsra I):e convoiiT-ilbniHflg deati-oved. 



Aitthi,fer aatir aiui fir caltt reioiaud. — I. *4, p. SS. 
The Flemlth nnine of ifaeac inid cnku hu t mnivcliouitj' 
onooulh iifn<rnniuat, — niittr-hotixkau! nevorthelB«, iJioy 
ora good ciikoi, and are lOld by Jndocut de BiKcbuji, U tba 
■Ign of tin Jiloor, Mxl door to the Avbirgt la tiU^-Ba^. 
Tlii> iRfoanminii i> for those whom it ma; ixHieBra. 



The BritUlt Kilditr- 

BrtaAcd akai ku pain it nori Ikon ht 

U. 11, p. 3A. 
One of our eoaehmeu, who had been cmptoyed (like aU hit 
ftal«nuly} id isnun-ing the wnanded, luked ui nlial wu tlu 
naoaiag of the Knglish word "0 Lord!" 
lbs wounded wore coiiliniia1l<r ctTing out. 



SraboHl in alihirciHa/dl Ik* marnL — 11 15. p. 1 
The battle of the Uth wu hMird throughout Uie whole of 
Brabant, aiirl in tame dlreutlnni far lieyaiid it. It waa du- 
tinctlf beard nt Herte; and I have btan autved, Inoraiilble ■■ 
It nmy teem. Ibnl It wu perceived at Amlem. The firing on 
the ISth WM heord st Antwerp,— not that of tbs lith 
Ihoojli the (cciie of acliou wii naarar. 



NOTES TO THE POET's PILGRIMAGE. 113 

Eere Qutanaca reared a votive fane. — III. 4, p. 29. 

The following dedicatory inscription is placed over the' poi^ 
tico of Watezioo Church : — 

D. 0. M. 

Et D. D. Josepho et Annas 

Hoc Sacellum 

Pro Denidentta Domioiia CathoUcIs 

GarolL 2. nhip. Ind. Regis Bclg. IMncipis Pro«apU Fran. 

Ant. Agorto Marchio de CaAtaoaca Belg. Gubemtor. 

The a in GubemaUir has been left out, either by the mistake 
of the workmeOf or for want of room. 

Carlos II. of Spain, one of the mo8t wretched of men, 
marriedi for his first wife, Marie Louise, Lewis XIV.*8 niece. 
A corioas instance of the public anxiety that she should 
prodace an heir to the throne is preserved by Florez in his 
**Me]iioria8 de las Revnas Gatholicas.'* When she had been 
married two years without issue, this strnngo epigram, if so it 
may be called, was circulated : — 

** Parid belU Flor de Us 
£d affliccion tan eotraRa : 
Si parifl, pariii & Expana, 
Si DO parU, & Paris." 

Florez describes the dress of the bride at her cspousaln : it 
was a robe of murray velvet, embroidered with Jleun de ly» 
of gold, trimmed with ermine and jewels, and with a train of 
teren ells long. The princesses of the blood had all long trains, 
but not so long, the length being according to their proximity 
to the throne. The description of a queen's dress accorded 
well with the antiquarian pursuits of Florez; but it is amusing 
to observe some of the expressions of this laborious writer, 
A monk of the most rigid habits, whoso life wa<« spent in severe 
ttndy, and in practices of mortification. ** In her head-dress,*' 
be tays, "she wore porcelain pins, which supported large dia- 
monds, — y ccnterUan en citlo aquil ihko de tit nn ; and, at the 
ball after the espousals, el Chriilinnusimo dnnzd om la Ottholicay 
Th(«e appellations sound almost as oddly as Mcs!*rs. Eogue 
aud Beonett'i description of St. Paul in a minuet, and Timothy 
\l a card-table. 

TOU X. I 





^H 114 


southey's ^^^^H 


^^M This pool qaven livni right jreiin n-iih a husbiad wba^^^^l 


^H mind and 




^^1 mlfiaiM o( 




^H R<^. hU 


r I.SI illn»<, wtiBti ihe wm ndTiud to Implora 4^^^H 


^H pntjren < 




^H for ber rnravcry, kIjis nplled, " OrUdnly I wiU noti It vmd^^^H 


^H lui roll/ to uk for D lib which n worlb k litUe." And wbi^^^H 


^H Kiwiinl the 


lut, bar coofeiMir inaotrcd If itiy thing trouM^^^^H 


^^H hor, livr •niwer wu UihI <he wu in jierfeot {wtncv, siiil r^iiia^^^^H 


^H Uial iho «■» 


> dying. — <np.r( «« Li&d />ni^, f ■»<} gulmit ^^^^^H 


^H M»rv. Sb( 


r Jic4 on Uio 13lh of Kebrnnrrt ind *i]i-h wb* fl^^^H 


^^H rn 




^H i> woond iRi 






i-Znui (nUelf , ^ dk> »/:A-«r'i kukf ^^^H 


^^K Xiiitedfkuam>-ad>tiit»f.^gnl«nd. — lTl.J,p.ai. ^^^H 






^^^^H 




U-CaLUnntSbibl.. ^^^H 






Sb |-ni.<4> D*07l«r, K.C.D. ^^^H 












Ckpc Kobon Adilr ^^^H 
















IHuKn >Ui»>f4 l«r<l» ^^^H 




Juw Loid H>j ^^^H 




tba Hon a. r. BuriBcUn ^^^^H 






■111. roll Ktoriniul} In th> bclUa ^^^^H 




i< duitn Ufm. .uJ WiUlui,* on ^^^^H 








U.- I«.h ttrf ^^lU nf av^ ^^^^m 




TliDORHnoribg ^^^^^1 




K^liwDt lw.> crKhHl tbb ^^^^H 








at lilt BOI of iholr ^^^^H 


^^V 


Onllint Cainp«D]<ia>. ^^^^H 


^ 


• Th. nml li Ihui iDbq«I(. "^^^^1 



MOTES TO THE P0ET*8 PILGRIMAGE. 115 



Tto 

the Memory 

of 

Major Edwin Orifflth, 

Lt. Isaac Sherwood, and 

Lt. Henry Buckley, 

(Hioers in the XT. King's Regiment of Hussan 

(British), 

who fell in the battle of 

Waterloo, 

June 18, 1815. 

This stone was erected by the OflBcers 

of that Regiment, 

as a testimony of their respect. 



Dulce et decorum est pro patriot morl. 



The two following are the epitaphs iu the churchyard : — 

D. 0. M. 

Sacred to the Memory of Lieutcnant-(.?olonel Fits Gerald, of the 
Secood Regiment of Life Guards of hi«> Britannic MiO^^y? ^ho fbll 
glorioasly at the battle of La Belle Alliance, near this town, on the 
18th <^ June, 1816, in the forty-first yeai* of his life, deeply and de- 
•erredly regretted by his fiunily and friends. To a manly loftiness of 
aonl he united all the rirtues that could render him an ornament to 
his profession, and to private and social life. 

Aax manes du plus Tertueux des hommes, gin^ralement estime 
et regrett^ de sa fiimille et de ses amis, le Lieutenant-Colonel Fits Ger- 
ald, de la Gard du Corps de sa Majeste Britannique, tu6 glorieuitemeut 
k la bataille de la Belle Alliance, le 18 June, 1815. 

R. I. P. 

D. 0. M. 

Ici rupoite le Colonel 
De Langrchr, Commandant 
le premier Bataillon de 
Bremen, Bless^ k Mort k 
la Bataille de Waterloo, 
le 18 June, 1815, et enterr« 
le lendemain, agi 
de 40 ans. 
R. I. P. 

Lord Uxbridge*8 leg is buried in a garden opposite to the 
inn, or rather public-house, at Waterloo. The owner of 
dM house io which the amputation was performed considers 
tt M a relio which has fallen to his share. He had deposited it 



BODTUETS POBU8. 



M flnt behind ili« h' 



i: but, u be intended to plunt ii trM 



upon th« tpol, lie comidertd tJiHt. <u tb< grouiiil tt 

bis uwu |iro[H:ri;, tliB boyi migbl iiuura or Uolniy tbe ti 



Lhrea or Soar Teat lii dim 



A liift or MicliMlmiu diA 



it mound when ko w 



weeping willow Illsce, 



" Ui Bit euuirM In Jnnibe d« I'llliutre. bmix, «l vtillh| 
Comie Ltxtirldgo, Lisaiciiuit'Ci jiidriil, ComniniiilnDl vn C 



s (h) WttMrluo; qui pnr tun b 



ghoiauagmoDt dicidta pur I'tclnlaiitu Vi 



III. ll.l>->lj 
A delnchmeiit of Uio Krvncli wu iuircnehcd ai Watn 
Chapel, AufcBit, ITOS, when tbo Uukc of Uulboniugb aiU 
fwiOBd to uttack Uie Fniui:li anny ■■ Ovar YKlie, aiiJ Ihi* 
detBohment vriu dulrovod with gmt lUughlor. — Ethint't 
Cattltetr. 'l'b« Sieur Ln Luid« tays, ■■ Ou donna In vliaua k 
ua pim« FVanfolt qui tUtii k Woieiloa." Morlboiuugh wMjl 
preveuloj b; the Dejiuties of tbe StiUi from punBiug k' 
■diantnge, and Dttiickuig Uia suamy, ut a time whe 
■nra of riotory. — /JiM. da rtiaperear Charht VI. L li. p. M 



Mnm( SL John, 
Til »a>ii!(( ichiik lit Hi-jhtawltri OuU day 
/'.'aarul/nm tfoiL—lil. lb, p. 33. 
Tha piuMiui who led ut over Uia Held rcKidisd ■! tlHi bi 
Uonl St. Jviui wiu eTery thing to liim; and bla brqaantci 



KOTES TO THE POEX'S PILGRIMAGE. 117 

matioiiB of admiration for the courage of the Highlanders in 
partioalar, and, indeed, of the whole aiiny, always ended 
with a reference to his own dwelling-place: ^'If they had not 
fought so well, man DituI Mont St. Jean would have been 
burnt" 

This was an intelligent man, of very impressive counte- 
nance and manners. Like all the peasantry with whom we 
conversed, he spoke with the bitterest hatred of Bonaparte, as 
the cause of all the slaughter and misery he had witnessed, 
and repeatedly expressed his astonishment that he hod not 
been put to death. " My house," said he, *' wa3 full of the 
wounded : it was nothing but sawing oft* legs and sawing olT 
arms. O my God ! and all for one man ! Why did you not 
pat him to death? I myself would have put him to death 
with my own hand.'* 



SmaiU Aeaire /or tuck a tragedy. — III. 17, p. 88. 

So important a battle, perhaps, was never before fought 
within so small an extent of ground. I computed the distance 
between Hougoumont and Papelot ut three miles : in a straight 
line, it might probably not exceed two and a half. 

Our guide was very much displeased at the name which 
the battle had obtained in England. '' Why coll it the battle 
of Waterloo?" he said. ''Call it Mont St. Jean; caU it La 
Belle Alliance; call it Hougoumont ; call it La Haye Sainte; 
call it Papelot, — any thing but Waterloo." 



Adnuring Belgium saw 
7*he jfoutk proved worthy ofhi$ destined crown. — III. 20, p. 88. 

A man at Les Quatre Bras, who spoke with the usual en- 
thuiiasm of the Prince of Orange's conduct in the campaign, 
declared that he fought ^ like a devil on horseback." Looking 
at a portrait of the Queen of the Netherlands, a lady observed 
that there was a resemblance to the prince. A young Fleming 
was quite angry at this : he could not bear that his hero should 
QuI be thought beautiful as well as brave. 



lis aODTUETa FOBHS. 

(Jnb^fM. — IV. a, p. *7. 
Al lh« Itoy il'l^tpngne, wtaon wa wero lodged, WeUingtan 
bMl Itu lieBiH(Oir1on an llic ITlb, Ummpiine na lb 
lUnaher en tbe latli. The couclinuiu lui<[ told at 
an "uui boo HUbcrgo:" but wlicii ona or them, ii 
ing, ttktd huw wa ImuI {Huaad tlie night, Im otHerrcd Itatij 
nnoflvsr 4ltpl iit Uvniippsi it wiie mip<Mi[blii, becuue or a 
OOIitinunl DaMiii); if pusti and oonl-cart*. 



rti CWm KnaJi. — lV. 2i, p. Ed. 

It i> odd that the imcription upoo the ilirMtiog-poM at Lm 
QuKlra Bnu (ur rnthtr bourdi. Cot ihey uv hitaned aciliwl a 
bonH) (haoJd be clvcn vtuiiglT in the account of 
liaign liriiitad nJ. Kniiikdn-t. TJie rvitJ ijinutiuiu we, 



(|iel( in \lti* ouniul, •nd ill cut. I tiuppeued to oopj' it l| 
iDood of luperlluoiu minataiiesi. 

A At and Jul^ Walluuii, who iuhabltw] this ou 
nte hi> ditinnr in peiuje ■■ Iwalva u'clook on the IS 
ilrlvau out by the bnJii flyinft about lili ean al fou 
day. Ttili luuii deicHbod that pnn of Uie aoliou wbicb took ' 
[ritoa lu hl> tigbl, wiib greiil wimiatiou. Ut Ku giankulariy 
lolpraueit bj Ilia tags, the atnolaM ttirf, whiuli Ihe Krancta 
dfiplayad: Ui«y cunad Iha Knglisli whila tliay wera flghtlng, 
■ml cuned tli« (inwliiun irilii wliiob tlia En^ab gnipa«hot 
was dmi, " vlilah," '■ud iba mun, " wu uaiUwr !■« high Dor 
too low, but itrnek rlglit iu tha middlo." Tbe Iwl time that 
a UcitUh Hrmy had beau lu this pbUM, tha Dal» ut York ali|il 
hi tlllt mmi't bed, — ui aveui which Ihe Walluon n 
with gratitude ■■ we)! a> pride, tJie duks tuiviug Riveu bta 
'ouli d'OT. 



KOTES TO THE- poet's PILGRIMAGE. 119 

Ok! wktr^itrt hat* ye ipartdku htctd actmral t — IV. M, p. U. 

Among tb€ peasantry with whom we cooTened, this feehBg 
was nnhrenaL We met with many pwsons who disliked the 
■nion with HdUnd, and who hated the Prussians : but nona 
who cpoka in &Tor, or eyen in palliation, of Bonaparte. Tha 
manner in which this ferocioos beast, as they call him, has 
heeo treated, has giren a great shock to the moral feelings of 
mankind. The almost general mode of accomiting Av it on 
the continent, is by a supposition that England purposely let 
him kxva finom Elba, in order to hare a pretext for again at- 
tacking France, and crippling a country which she had Mt 
too strongs and which would soon tiAve outj^tripped her in 
prosperity. I found it impossible to dispossess CTen men of 
■oond judgment and great ability of this belief, preposterous 
aa it is; and, when they read the account of the luxuries 
which huTO been sent to St. Helena for the accommodation of 
this great criminal, they will consider it as the fullest proof 
of their opinkm. 

And mow tktjf felt the Pruuian'i ktaty hand, — IV. 42, p. 55. 

Wherever we went, we heard one cry of complnint against 
the Prussians, — except at Ligny, where the }>eople had wit- 
nessed only their counige and their ^utTeriu^. This is the 
effect of making the military spirit predominate in a nation. 
The conduct of our men was ui)ivcr>ally extolled; but it re- 
quired years of exertion and severity before Lord Wellington 
brought the British army to its present state of di»cipliutt. 
The moral di!K:ipline of an army has never, perhaps, been 
understood by any general, except the great Gu^tavuA. Even 
in its best state, with all the alleviations of courtesv and 
ftonw, with all the correctives of monility and religion, war 
is so great an evil, that to engage in it without a clear 
necessity is a crime of the blackest dye. When the neces- 
sity is clear (and such, assuredly, I hold it to have been in 
our struggle with Bonaparte), it then becomes a crime to 
ihrink from it. 

What I have si'.id of the Prussians relates solely to thtir 



120 



a OUT 



El's P0EM3. 



OMiduot in nti nllji'd domitiy; nrnl I mact alio mj, tbnt tb« 
rruHino ftfficar* wiih wliom I hm) tho good ftntuno lo uso- 
eiata vtn roen who in eyery rcipoul ilid bonar to thoir 
prOfsBinn aiul to tholT ounaCr/. But, tiiat Ilie nBnenl cunilaol 
of th«ir Inwpt in Belgium Imd eicfled b itmng feeling of 
dligust and liidignalloa, we liad nbonduii uid indisputable 
lettlmoay. la Fnuce, Ihey had old wrongs lo reiengi:; and 
(brpveneas of iiijuriea [> not UDOng the Tiitaai wbich are tjiDglil 
tu campk The iuiii«xn] unecdotea ate roprioted Ovm one of 
our newapnpen, nnd ought to be proerVKl. 

"A Pnifsian ufficer, on liis arrival »l Porii, partJoQlBrt; 
TCqoeated lo ba billeted on the boiua of a ladj iohnblting tha 
Faaxbonrg St. Oermaiii. Hii requert was oompUed willi| 
and, on hii airlviiix ni ibe lady'i botet, he wu ihowti Into a 
an^l baC comfortabla titting-rDam, wlUi > bandume bod- 
ohamber nd}aini]ig It. With these nioiiia lie nppearail ^ally 
dlMdtisfled, anil.deBired Ibat Ibe ladf diould ei*e np to him 
bar apartment [on tha Ant floor), whioh wiu very spndlous, and 
▼erf elogRatly fundihcd. To thii Ibe lady made Uie alrangeit 
otyeolioiis ; bat The offiaet liuitted, aud • 
neoeuitjr of retiring to the lecond Hour. He eflem'SJila M 
a message to her by one of her lenniiits, myitig that be i 
ttned the m«oiiiI Ooat for bl> atd.de^snp, Iso., lu ~ 
ocoMtmied mora vlulaiit rennonatnuicet Tnm Ilia Ud j ; I 
ware I0IBU7 nnvralling, and uoHttended to by ibe offloart 
wboM only answer was. ' Ob^iura k, me* ordret.' Ha than 
ealled for the «<»k, nnd told liini he mail pnpnro a bandaone 

dianar fbr tlz pereoni, uiJ deslteil the lady's butlar lo lake 

oars thst the beat wines the cellar coiilnined should be 
oomlng. After dinner, he desirrd the hoetesi tlioald b' 
fori fhe obeyed the mmmons. Tba oQc«r then addrautd bl 
and said, ' No doubl, mwlam, bul you oonsider my c( 
(ndecorani and bmlid In Ibe exlremo.' — ' I must cunfeM,* r 
plied >be, ' thnt 1 did not oKpeat <ucih treatiaeot ftoin an oSoe 
u, in general, roilllMry man are aver disposed xi 



«9|>ei:t lo oor H 



.■Ym 



Uien,n mc»[ perfect bartiarlan? AtMnrer me frankly.' — 'If yot 
really, tJien, desire my andiigniscd opinion of Ibe tubJMt, 1 
Bins! lay, that 1 Iblok joar eoudoet Imly I 



KOTES TO THE PO£T*S PILGRIIIAGE. 121 



1 am entirely o( yoor opinioo; but I ouir wUh«d tr 
gire TOOL a specimen of th« behnTior and cosviact of your soo, 
dwing jftc mumiki that be resided in my hc^use, after the eii> 
lADoe of the French army into the Pm.^sian cajutal. I do not, 
boveTer, mean to follow a bad example. Yon will rv<ume« 
therefora, jonr apartment to-mono w, and I will »oek iv\ijr.ng» 
at acme pablio ho:eL* The lady then retired, extolling the 
generoos condact of the Praj«ian officer, and dcprccatir.g that 
of her son.** 

** Another Prussian officer was lodged at the house of Mar> 
flhal Ney, in whose stables and coach-house he found a great 
oamber of horses and carriages. He immediHtely order<.sl 
some Prussian soldiers, who accompanied bini^ to take away 
Miie of the horses and thrte of the carriages. Ney's servants 
▼iolently remonstrated against this procceviing; on which the 
Prussian officer observed, * They are my property, inasmuch 
as your master took the same number of hordes aiul carriages 
ftom me when he entered Berlin with the French anny.* I 
tfahnk jou will agree with me, that the Ux talionit was never 
more properiy nor more justly resorted to.** 



PART II. 



The Martyr. — l. 43, p. 68. 

Sir Thomas Brown writes upon this subject with his usual 
fbeling. 

•* We applaud not," says he, ** the judgment of Machiayel, 
that Christianity makes men cowards, or that, with the confl- 
denee of but half dying, the despised virtues of patience and 
humility have abased the spirits of men, which ])agan prin- 
eiplee exalted ; but rather regulated the wildness of audacitiat 
hi the attempts, grounds, and eternal sequels of death, wherein 
men of the boldest spirit are often prodigiously temerarious. 
Nor can we extenuate the valor of ancient martyrs, who con- 
lemned death in the uncomfortable scene of their lives, and 



122 souTntr'a roEUS. 

In their deorcplt mirtyidonu did probably lo« not iniia)' 
nMHIbi of Ibeir days, or p»neil wllh Kft wlieii !l itus muoo 
worth living. Fur (LetMe tlinC kmg tima pii*t ImMn no eaii> 
dderiitloii nnio ■ ilender lime to come) iIk; hnd no amill 
diiBdriintiigif trvm the ooortltiition of old agB, which natnmllj' 
ia>kei men renrfal, and complex I anally aaiiisiitimuiiteil fraia 
tliB bold nnd counigpoiu tliooghts 'if youlh Bud fervBiit yarn. 
Bat the contempt of denth Ihim eorponil MiLinonltf promMeth 
nat Dur feliciijr. They may alt in ihe orolieiirn and nobleM 
Mnlsof licHven whn bire held np ihaklng hmids In the Dn, 
Bod humimly conteDded for (^ory'" — HgdriulaiMii, IT. 



Jk purjilt and in tem-Iit rlad, bikoM 

Tht H'lrhl till, lutimnl irilh gemmml gold .' — m. S 

The homely hut tori plural appellatlDQ by wliicli OM 
wen wont lo ddignilt Ibc cbnrch ot Itotne baa b' 
Witety Mfleiied diiwii by Iiitar wrireia. I hii»e aeao her •■ 
wbere eallorl the Siwrlnt Woomu; anil Uoleu Mnrln ^ 
name* her On DmobiU of Bubylon. 

Let me here tdfer a •us^etiion In defenc* of VDllnln 
not pridmhie, or nither can any ptnion donbl, Uint Iha 
tmfam4, npon whioh ao horrible a chiirini npiintt h 
been nised, roferi to the «bnrch of Borne, nnder this ' 
kiioim deiipimdoiiV Ho uiiui cnn bold tbc pi-iiiciidat o 






n.nger 



il Is : 



culpale him tV>in> thit m 



For, UU fht iimt Ihtir /Ui«ri-/nvi/4 rqmU. 
Tk» oti errar bringi it* iSr^ul pwu'atmcnl. — in. 10. p 
" Politieil eblmeni," enyi Cuont Slolbe^. " are in 
nblo; but Ibe mntohiiDFricBlof nlliilheprajeatof imniA 
that • people deeply auiik In deReneracy ara capable o' 
coTeilng the ancient gmndeur or freedom. Wbo ti 
binl into tlie air after hia wing* are clipped 7 So far ttna 4 
llorin^ It to ilie power of flight, il will hot diiable it mor«,''J 
3hit«Ii, Ul. lt«. 



KOTES TO THE POET*3 PILORUIAGE, 123 

The lark ... 
Pourtd forth her lyric strain. — IIL 8S, p. 84. 

Tbe epithet tgrte^ as applied to the lark, i5 bom>i»-ed fron 
one of Donne^s poems. I mention this more particulnriy for 
the parpoee of repairing an acci«Icnt;il omission in the Notes 
to •• Roderick.** It is the duty of even* poet to acknowledge 
an hit obKgatioiis of this kind to his predeceasors. 



Pubtic crimft 
Draw on (heir proper puniihment belutc. — IV. S, p. 98. 

I will insert here n pcisi^age from one of Lord Brooke's 
poems. Few writers have ever given proofs of profounder 
thoa<!lit than this friend of Sir Philip Sidney. Had his cmn- 
oiand of language been equal to his strength of intellect, I 
learrely know tbe author whom he would not have surjmssed. 

XXI. 

** ^fome loTe no equals, mme vupurion Kom : 

One awks more »orld#, and this will Ilelrn hftTe: 

Thi« coTeU gold, with dlrcni facc« borne ; 

TheM hamon reign, and lead men to their graTe : 

Whereby for bajes and little wa{<ea we 

Rain ourselvea to raiM up tyranny. 

XXII. 

And aa. when winds among theniRvlTi** do Jar, 
Seas there are Coat, and ware with ware muot fight ; 

^, when power** reatless humor* bring forth War, 
There people bear the (aalt^ and wouudf of Ml^cht ; 

The error and diMarca of the tiead 

Descending atill until tbe limbs be dead. 

XXin. 
Let are not people's erron orer tn9 

From guilt of wounds they suflvr by tbe war : 
S'evfr did cay public murry 

PiM •/ iuelft Qod'a plagues still grounded an 
On common stains of our humanity ; 
And to the flame which ruineth mankind 
Man gifes the matter, or at leaat gires wind." 

jf 7VMti> qf ITarrtf. 



IM sodthet's poeus. 

Tb« extncl which (bllovt, fhnx the tnmo BUlhor, beus n 
lUrcetlf upon Ihe eO^U or the rolUlu? ijrlem at if it bx 
bs«n wrjtisa with a rerercnca to Uoiiiipulc'a govsmiDBnt 
TLs Uiuuglitfbl nnilitr vriU percBlve it* iatrinito *iitnB lb 
It* difficult [nngaage Bud nncnnth (cniHcnlian. 



" Ut DI 



Moalj thBj 



far Ond DMblD); thmc thi; pi 



MOTES TO THE POET'S PILGRIMAGE. 125 

TkegkadAe UgU, ami from ike JJiflU ihtg tmrmed, 

IV. IX p. w. 

** Let no ignonncc,** says Lord Brooke, ^ seem to excuse 
Mankind; tinoe the light of trath is still near 11$, the tempter 
tad accuser at such continaal irar within as the laws that 
goide lo good fat them that obey, and the first shape of every 
nn lO v^y, as whosoever does but what he knows, or forbears 
what he doabta, shall easily follow nature unto gmce.** 

" God left not the woiid without information from the be- 
ginning ; 80 that, wherever we find ignorance, it must be 
ehaiged to the account of man, as having rejected, and not to 
that of his Maker, as having denied, the nece$$ar}' means of 
instruction.** — HonWa OmtideraiicmM on ike life of St. Jokm 
A^BaptuL 

NapoUoiL'^iy. 16, p. 98. 

It if amusing to look back upon the flattery which was 
offBred to Bonaparte. Some poems of Mme. Fanny de Beau- 
lianiois exhibit rich specimens of this kind. She praises him 

for— 

^ La doae« hamanitA 

Que le deTora de sa flamme/' 

Of the battle of Austerlitz she says, — 

" Dans oe Joor mtoMMrable on dot flnlr la guerre, 
Et que nommeroDt maints aateurs 
La Trinite des Emperears, 
Teas eeol en Hes le mytttn.*" 

Subeequent events give to some of these adulatory strains 
interest which they wonld else have wanted. 

" Napolton, objet de nos hommages, 
Et Josephine, ol^t non moins aim^, 
Ooaple que rKtemel Tun pour Tautre a forin^ 
Vous Ates ses plus beaux ourragw.** 

In some stanaas, called ** Les Trois Bateaux,** upon the vee- 
in which Alexander and Bonaparte held their conferences 



SOUniETS rOEM9. 



ii uiouipbjut pitr-codC da ui evat dL 



Tbo Grand KipoUun it, Uie — 

" Ed&q cb*rl d* Hul •■ 



•ddruied ti 



1 piui or an Arsbic poem bj Ulcliul SitK 






> inarTiflgfl wiUi Miiri 



iiiJationi In Fn^c^ proie n 
»«r(e, iiilhe fim toIuiob of ihe " Fnndgruben de« OrianU:" — 

" August prince, nhom Heaven haa given Da Tor sDvenigti, 
Uid wbo boldest among tbo greateit moaiucha of tby >ge Ibo 
•ams nnk wbioh ttie clindom luldi apon tin head of kingi, — 

"Tbou but reached tbs turamlt of bitpplneu, onil, lijthbie 
IDTlncibla connge, hut atlained B glai7 which the miud of 
Bun con leareely comprelieiid. 

" Tbos hut imprbited upim tlie frant of time the remam- 
bnnce of thine Innumcnible explolti la ctianiclen (if tight, 
ooe of which alone aulBuea with iu brilliuDt rny> lo enlighlan 
the whole unifone. 

' Wbo QU) itaiit him who ii navcr ■bandonod b; ibe uiUt- 
aiice of Hoaren, who Iih* Victory for liia gui^le, uiil wboae 
oooru is diraoteil br Gnl hlmnelf? 

" In erery age. Fortane produoea a lier* who ii lh« pearl 
efhii lime. Amldet all tbeas exlnordliuiiy men, tbon *hiiie>l 
like ui iuMUmBble diiunaml iu a necklace of precioiu lUuiea. 

"Tbataulor UifrobjeoM, Inwhnteveroounttybamejrbo, 
li Ibe object of luiiverul homage, and eiyoji thy gtory, Iba 
■ptendor of nhicb it raflecUd npon bim. 

" All nrtnei are nnileil iu Ihsei bnl (he jiutioe which ngo- 
lat» ail tbf ictioiu would alone taffic* to imnMtatiM thy nuM- 



" Perbnpt the English will now nndentand at laat that tt ti 
Uly to oppMe thamHlTBS to the wisdom of thy deafgiu. mi 
k) ([rive sgaintt Uiy fortnae." 



NOTES TO THE POET'b PILGRIMAQK. 127 

A figure of Liberty, which, during the days of Jacobinism, 
erected at Aix in Provence, was demolished during the 
night about the time when Bonaparte assumed the empire. 
Among the iquibs to which this gave occasion, was the fol- 
lowing question and answer between Pasquin and Marforio. 
Pasquin inquires, ** Mais qu*est-ce que est devcnu done de la 
Libert^? " — Heyday, what is become of Liberty, then? To 
which Marforio replies, " B6te ! elle est morte en s*accou- 
ehaot d*un empereur." — Blocichead! she is dead in bringing 
forth an emperor. — Afis$ Plumptre*$ Narrative, ii. 382. 

Well may the lines of Pindar respecting Tantalus be applied 
to Bonaparte: — 

EZ <» d7 nv' ov- 

oav, ipf TavToAof ohrog. 'A^Aa yup Kara- 
frhfHU ftiyav bTXav oIk kdv- 

*Arav imiponXov. Pindar * 02 1. 

" Mam 86 deve accusar a Fortuna de cega, mas 96 aos que 
diellase deixam cegar." — " It is not Fortune,** says D. Luiz da 
Cunha, ** who ought to be accused of blindness, but they who 
let themselves be blinded by her.'* — Afemorias dude 1659 aihd 
1706. MS8, 

Lieut Bowerbank, in his Journal of what passed on board 
the " Bellerophon,** has applied a passage from Horace, to the 
tame eflfect, with humorous felicity: — 

^ I, BoscB, quo Tlrtuf toa ta vocat, 
Grandia latorus meritonun prsuiia." 

Epitt. 2, lib. ii. ep. t. 87. 

One bead more in this string of quotations : " Uii Roi philo- 
•ophe,** tajrt the Comte de Puissaye, speaking of Frederic of 
Pmisia, ''dans le sens de nos jours, est eelun moi le plus 
terrible fl^u que le del puisse envoycr aux habitans de la 
terre. Ifais Tid^ d*un Roi philosophe et despote, est un 
njara an tens commun, un outrage k la niison.** — 10- 
tiiil26. 



eoriHiir'B poems. 



On IFiUtrlno 

Tht Tj/i-aJiftfartuntialJitKaUwatmigktd,— 

Bit /irlnai a«il At WbrUt) ami Btglaml iIu-hb 

Ha- laurd into lii balaart. — IV. 12,p- S&. 

" Bow bijfhly hu Britain been honornd I " snyt AlMuidM 

SnoK, in ■ letter tn HonnHb More, wrillen not king after lb* 

twiUa of Wmerioo i "«nd yet how «wftiU)' has ■ " 

•xullalion bsen repreueil bj Ihe criticsJ turn which, aftar II 

affeotsil ■ prasperoas oonclnaion I It wu not huinnn 

whkli wnugbt our deliveruioei Ibr, vheo pntioy (u 

proKeu) bud done it> ulrooit, BonapuHc's ratnni trcni Klba 

MHineJ at oDce lu uuilo uU that had beeu accomplislietl. It 

wu not human power; for si Watwloo ths prlie w*t v maob 

as erer to be oontaailed for; und, notviUuUnding all that had 

heen Kchieved, Ihe Tale of Europe obc« more WemhlFd on the 

balance. Nerer, sarely, did bo moniBiiloiH aod rilal a conUat 

lermlu^e at aoce » happilj- tind eo instruotivel;." — Kmit't 

KmuuKM, It. SS7. 



y ?"-rTIjt— JL 






TO HXB BOTAL RIOHintn 

THE PRINCESS CHARLOTTE 

THB rOUOWIMO POEM II DEDIOATBD, 

wim PKOiit>ua6 kespeot, bt her royal niGHNEss^s Moei 

DUTIFUL AKD MOST DEVOTED SEBVAXT, 



ROBERT 80UTHKT, 
• POn LAUSXATB. 



THE LAY OT 1E£ 



rUTATK. 



T'BOHJL 



M thiH- -writa III HIT v^inbfDl uioQ£!bi 
W«5 of lilt Mih^fr : Slid of Uit Pc»tcV iiune. 
Hsrr &r is AuuriaiieiL uic fnatr.ii doc — 
Alooe €n(iiihii£. w'ueL liif- JJonar£*lV iiame 

MoBldav SDd k iorj!u:ieL il ibt- dus:. 



hesi 10 Inilid itie izn^»eri>iiabir lav 

And earW ic adTe1liU^tm^ e^>fiT 

Mj f^iim iinj»ed Lt-J "»in^> i\ir stri^nper iiurhu 
Fair regkiD« Tuner of»eDed Ut xiit vitw : 

lifSF iLv paik^ ^ht^ >aid : ** do iLou iha: p«tli 
pursue I 






* For whax }lii^t tbcm to do wiib ^OAlib or jh^wot, 
Tiiou wbom rifh Na:i:rr ai thv ba',^j»v birib 

BieR in her bountv wiiL ibi- bir-roM dowor 
TLai HeaveD induliro> lo a vbild of Kartb, — 



132 suuTHEi'a POEUS. 

Then when the sucred Sisters for tbdr own 
Bwptized thee in the sprioga of Helicon? 



"The^ promised for thee that thou shouldst er 

Ail low desires, all emptj vanities ; 
That ihou shouidsi, still to Truth and Freedom true, 

The applause or censure of the herd despise; 
And, in obedience to their impulse ff^ea, 
Walk ill ihe light of Nature and of Heaven. 



" Along the World's highway let olhe« crowd. 
Jostling aod moiling on through dust and heal; 

Far from the vain, the vicious, and the proud, 
Take thou, content m sohtude, thy seat; 

To noble ends devote thy sacred art. 

And nurse for better worlds llune own immortal 

6. 
Praise to that Power, who, from my earliest dag 

Tbua taught me what to seek and what 
Who tuiiied my iboi^ieps from tJie crowded ways. 

Appointing me my better course to run 
In solitude, with studious leisure bleat, 
The mind unfettered, and the heart at rest. 



For therefore have my days been days of joy, 
And all my paths are patlu of pleaeantucssL I 



THE ULT OF THE LAUREATE. 133 

And sdn mj heart, as when I was a hov. 

Doth never know an ebb of cheerfulness : 
Time, whidi matures the intellectual part. 
Hath tinged my hairs with gray, but lefl untouched 
mj heart 

8. 

Sometimes I soar where Fancy guides the rein. 

Beyond this visible diurnal sphere : 
Bat most, with long and self-approving pain, 
Patient pursue the historian's task severe : 
Thus in the ages which are past I live, 
And those which are to come mv sure reward will 
give. 

9. 

Tea, in this now, while Malice fret«: her hour, 
Is foretaste given mc of that meed divine ; 

Here, undisturbed in this sequestered bower. 
The friendship of the good and wise is mine ; 

And that green wreath which decks the Bard when 
dead. 

That laureate garland, crowns my living head ; — 

10. 

That wreath which, in Eliza's golden days, 
My Master dear, divincst Spenser, wore ; 

Fhat which rewarded Drayton's learned lays ; 
Which thoughtful Ben and gentle Daniel bore : 

Grin, Envy, through thy ragged mask of scorn I 

In honor it was given, with honor it is worn t 



I8i SOtTTHET'a POEUS. 

11. 

Proudly I raised Ihc high thanksgiving gtrain 
Of viclory in a rtghirul cause adiieved; 

For which I long hud looked, and noi in vwn. 
Aa one who, with firm faiih and undeceived, 

111 hiniory anil (he heart of man could find 

SuTi! jiresuge of deliverniice for mankind. 

12. 
Proudly I ofieretl to tlie ro^al ear 

My song of joy when War's dread work wm 

And glorious Britmn round her satiate spear 
The olive garlauil twined, by viclory won : 
Exulling as became me in sucb cause, 
I otTcred to Ihe Prince hiii People's just nppUta 



And when, as if Ihe Inles of oW Romance 
Were lint to lypify his splendid reign, 

Princw and Polentatea from conqueifd Franofl 
And cliiefs in arras approved, a peerless 

Assembled at his Coun, — mj duteous lays 

Preferred a welcome of enduring pi-aiae. 

U. 
And, when that Imt and ino^t momentous hoilt | 

Beheld the rc-riscii cause of evil yield 
To the Ked Ciws and Englnnd's nrm of powcil 

1 Bung of Wntcrloo's uncquntled 6eld, 





Fins' far mt di* iah^- srrwi- ^i-ve-^ 

Ficer lilt »on^ tua: jouti. may ii>'*> tr- bear. 

TiuGii vanL aiic eievait litf- ULmiuiinr breajC : 
FillBr far mt. wni iii»m: it sufani. vervf- 



But tbcL IDT ll»^f;r a~ar 8n>s-. ti Tniiid. — 
H«- on wboat -mti?:. •■oiit t»: 3 wu.- c iiov. 
Hr fpiTK ftc- anra^rt tc ii- kind. 

H<: cm wli[Me lomt lite?^ t-i'-r- v'^-rt vvin; ic i!«-t-ll 
'Wltb iDWBi^ Te■^li1ur^ wliicL I mi.^^ no: wi'. : — 

He irlHwc pwD imxr si»l; )*Kxmi ti>r pv<t vrtung. 
Aid wImmb dear name wiieoen'r 1 n'jieai. 



1S6 SODTHGT'S POEM9. 

Beverence and love are Ircinbling on my tongue,— 
Sweet Spenser, sweetei^t Bard I yet not mun 



Than pure was he. and nol more pure than u 
High Priest of all tlie Miise^' mysteries 

19. 
i called to mind that mighty Master's song, 

When he brought home his beautifiilest brid«j 
And MiiUii murmured her sweet undersong, 

And Mole with ail his mouataiu-woods repU© 
Never lo mortal lips a strain was given 
More rith with love, more redolent of Heaven. 

20. 
His cup of joy was mantling to the brim, 

Yet »>lemu thoughts enhanced his deep deligl 
A holy feeling filled hia marriage-hymn. 

And Love aspired with Faith a heavenward fl. 
" And hast not thou, my SouL a solemn theme?" 
t said, and mused until I fell into a dream. 



THE DBBAM. 



Hbtbouqbt I beard a stir of hasty feet, 
And horees tram|)ed and «>aehea rolled ftlot 



THE LAT OF THE LAUREATE. 137 

And there were busv voices in the street* 

* 

As if ai mulciiade were huirvin'V on : 
A stir it was which onlv could befall 
Upcm some groat and solemn tesciTaL 



Sach crowds I saw. and in sach srlad arrav. 

It seemed some general jov bad lilieii the land : 

Age had a san>hine on it> cheek that day : 
And children, totterinff br the mothor'> hand. 

Too Toan«: to ask whv all this iov should be. 

Partook it* and rejoiced tor svinf^athy. 

3. 

The shops, that no dull care misrht intervene. 
Were closed; the doors within were lineil with 
heads; 
Glad faces were at everv window seen ; 

And, from the clustered housetoi>s and the 
leads, 
Others, who took their stand in patient row. 
Looked down upon the crowds that swarmed Inflow. 

4. 

And every one of all that numerous throng 
On head or breast a marriafre syml>ol bore ; 

The war-horse proudly, as he paced alonjr. 
Those joyous colors in his fon'lock wore, 

And arched his stately neck as for d(»li«;ht. 

To show his mane thus pom[KKisly bediglit. 



sodthet's foem». 



From evpry cliurch the merry bells rung round I 
With glitilili'ning Imrmonj bennlJiir nnd « 

lu many u minified peiil of ivreWmg foiinil, 
Tlie liurrj-in;^ Tnit.iic came on cvrry side; 

And biinntvA from tlie alccplea wnvcil on high, 

And slreBuuTs Hullercd in the sun nnd sky. 



Anon the mnnon's Toioe in lltumler^pnket 
Weslwm-il it i-nnie, ili« Ensl returned the s 

Burst after hurst ilie innocuous Iliuiider* bmkc, 
And rolii-'l from side lo side wiili ijuiek r 

O happy land, whore Ihat terriB« voice 

Speaks but lt> hid all luibiianLs i-ejuiee ! 



Thereat llie crowd rusiied forward one and all, 
And I, 100, in niy dream was borne along : 

Eft^oun. metliousht, I reached a festal ball. 
Wliere g:uardi- in order ranged repelled the thn 

But I had enii-ance through that guarded door, 

In bonor to the laureate crown I wore. 



That ppnciou* hall was hung with IrophieA n 
Slemoriali pi-oiid of many a well-won day : 

The flag of France there trailed toward the grodi 
There id captivity her Englea lay, 



IHK LAY OF THB ULCKEATS. 13S 

And mider emcku in aje-€odaring g«^ 
Okie weU-known word its fioal storj toU. 

9. 

There read I Nile, conspioious from alkr ; 

And Egjpt and Maida there were found ; 
And Copenhagen there and Trafklgar ; 

Yimeiro and Busaco*s daj renowned ; 
There, too, was seen Barrosa*s blood v name. 
And Albohert, dear-bought field of lame. 

10. 

Ton spoib from boastful Massena were won , 
Those Marmont left in tliat illustrious fight 
By Salamanca, when too soon the sun 

Went down, and darkness hid the Frenchman's 
flight ; 
These from Vittoria were in triumph borne. 
When from the Intruder's head Spain's stolen crown 
was torn. 

11. 

These on Pyrene's awful heights were gained, 

The trophies of that memorable day, 
When deep with blood her mountain-springs were 
stained. 
Above the clouds and lightnings of that fray, 
Wheeling afar the affrighted eagles fled ; 
At eve the wolves came forth, and preyed u|)on the 
dead. 



140 BODTHEYa POEMS. 

12. 

And bloo(]-stuined liags i 

Trampled by France benealli lier fl^ng feet ;; 
And what before Toulouse from Soult v 

When the stem Murahot met hU last de&at, 
Ytdding once more to Briton's arm of might, 
Anil Wellington in meroj spared his flight. 

13. 

There hung the Eagle; which, with victoij fhif 
Froiu Flenrus and from Ligiiy proudly flew 

To tiee llie Usurper's higb-swolu fortune cruBhel'fl 
For ever on the field of Waterloo, — 

Day of all days, surpassing in ild fame 

All fields of chler or of kler name I 



There, loo, tlie painter's universal art 
Eacli siorjr told to all beholders' eyes ; 

And Sculpture tliere had dune her fitting port, 
Bidding the fonus penlimihle arise 

or tliose great Chieft who in the field of fight 

Had best upheld their country's sacred righL 

\6. 
There stood our peerless Edward, genlle-souleil. 

The Sable Prince, of chivalry the flower ; 
And that Plantngenet of iiterner mould. 

He who the conquered crown of QtUlin wa 



THE LAT OF THE LAUREATE. 141 

And Blake ; and Nelson, Glory's favorite son ; 
And Marlborough there, and Wolfe and Wellington. 



16. 

But from the statues and the storie^ wall 

The Hving scene withdrew mj wondering sense : 

For with accordant pomp that gorgeous hall 
Was filled ; and I beheld the opulence 

Of Britain's Court, — a proud assemblage there, 

Her Statesmen and her Warriors and her Fair. 



17. 

Amid that Hall of Victory, side by side, 
Conspicuous o'er the splendid company, 

There sate a royal Bridegroom and his Bride : 
In her fair clieek and in her bright-blue eye. 

Her flaxen locks and her benignant mien. 

The marks of Brunswick's Royal Line were seen. 



18. 

Of princely lineage and of princely heart 

The Bridegroom seemed, — a man approved in 
fight; 

Who in the great deliverance bore his part, 
And had pursued the recreant Tyrant's flight, 

When, driven from injured Germany, he fled. 

Bearing the curse of God and Man upon his head. 



aoOTHET's rOEMS. 



Guardant before his fet:t a Lion lay, — 
The Saxou Lion, terrible of yore, — 

Wbe, in Iiis withered limbs and lean decay. 
The marks of long and cruel bondage bora ; 

But broken now beside him lay ibe chain 

WliitJi galled and fretted late hia Deck and a 



A Lion, too, was couched before the Bride ; 

That noble Beast had never fell tlie chain : 
Strong were his einewy limbii. and smooth hia bidet 

And o'er hb shouldeis broad the affluenL inane 
Dishevelled hung; beneath his feet were laid 
Torn flags of France, whereon hia bed be made. 

21. 
Full different were those Lions twain in plight, 

Yet were rbey of one brood ; and side by eid^^ 
Of old, the Gallic Tiger in his might 

They many a time liad met, ami quelled bia prii 
And made the treacherous spoiler from their ire, * 
Cowering and crippled, to hia den retire. 



Two Forms divine on either aide the throne. 
Its heavenly guardians, male and temtile ei 

Qis eye was bold, and on his brow there shone 
Contempt of ail base things, and pride Eubdiit 



THE LAT OP THE LAUREATE. lid 

To wisdom's will : a warrior's gni-b he wore. 
And Honor was the name the Genius bore. 

23. 

Tliat otlier form was in a snow-white vest. 
As well her virjpn loveliness became ; 

Erect her port« and on her sfx^tless brea<t 

A blood-red cross was hung : Faith was her name, 

As bj that sacred emblem might be seen, 

And by her eagle eye, and by her dovelike mien. 

24. 

Her likeness such to that robuster |K>wer, 
That sure his sister she might have been deemed, 

Child of one womb at one auspicious hour. 
Akin they were, yet not as thus it seemeil ; 

For he of Valor was the eldest son, 

From Arete in happy union sprung. 

25. 

Bat her to Phronis Eusebeia bore, 

She whom her mother Dice sent to earth : 

What mar\'eh then, if thus their features wore 
Besemblant lineaments) of kindred birth ? 

Dice being child of Him who rules above, 

Yalor his earth-bom son; so both derived from 

Jove. 

26. 

While I stood gazing, suddenly the nir 
Was filled with solemn music breathing round ; 



144 SODTQEr's ro£M9. 

And yet no monal iitdtniiucnta were lliera, 

Nor seemed ihat melody an earthly auuod, 
So wonilrou^ly li came, so paasiitg sweet. 
For £ume tili'ange pageant sure a prelude meek I 

27. 
In erery breast, inecbuuglil, there seemed lo be I 

A hush of revereni^e mingled with dUoiay: 
For now a[i|ieurud a heavenly uoiopiuiy. 

Toward tlie royal sent wlio held their way; 
A female Fiimi mujeiitic led Uient on ; 
Witli awful [lurl she came, and irlood before t| 
Throne. 



Gentle her mien, wid void of all nfictice; 

Bui, if aught wronged her, slie could strike a 

As when Minerrn, in her Sire's defence, 

Shook in Phlegnenii fields her dreadful spear 
Yet her benignant a.~pect (old, (Iwit ne'er 
Would she refuse to UnaA a suppliant's prayer. 

29. 
The Trident of the Seas in her rigJil hand. 

The seeptrc whieh that Bride was hum to m 
She hore, In i^ynibol of her just L-uiiuuaiul, 

And in her left displayed tlte Red-Cross fihid 
K plitmo of milk-white feathers overspread 
The laurelled hehu wLidi graced her lofty h 




■^Wmii jpriu i 



i liter ^Tvnuaiui 



Hff gj vt- win. ^ilimr -i 



• UuiL ar. ailteL ti 






e raioL uTt nitu inip~i i iinn 



'^Itfuk It' ITT Urn- uic n. iu> ■■leaCT' wgt. 



. ^lah M enlird >.-' T«i&, 



Tta "Wiir niB' fine ;ii« r;-ii;":i n: nl. Lniift 
tad «Tt9-. vben t'titiu Ktritri^ iti ;li< liii^v 
Be fnrifi nd son-: :i><-i: du: vtnli aU ili^ ii 



WTiich God haib pvou tliee to ruUreas lliy wrongfl 
And, powerful as Uiou art, the acrUe will m 

84. 
" LeL not ihe sucred Trident from ihy hand 

Deporl, Hor \ay tlie tiikliiun from tby side 1 
Queen of ihe Si'Oa, nnd mighty on tlic land, 

Thy power s\ia[\ Uicn bi; dreaded liir luid wido|'.1 
And, irualing still in God and in [lie Kig 
Tbou mnyst again deiy llie ^V'o^ld's wjlk'irted migl^i 

35. 
Thus as she ceased, a comely Snge came on, 

His lemples and cnpacious fbi'ehead spread 
Wilb locks of venerablo eld, wKich sbone 

As when, in winiry moms on Skidtlaw's head'| 
Tbe cloud, the sunshine, and the snow uniie^ 
So silveiy, so unsullied, and so while. 

Of Kronos and Ilie Nymph Miiemosyni 
He sprung, on elihur side a birth divine . 

Thus to ihc Olympian God^ allied was he, 
And brother to the saerod Sisters nine, 

With whom he dwelt in iutercbange of lore, 

Eatdi thus insinicllng each 



They called him Praxis in Ihe Olympian tonguen 
Bui here on earth ExPSftiENCB was his nan 



THE LAT OP THE LAUREATE. 147 

Whatever things have passed, to him were known, 

And he could see the future ere it came ; 
Such foresight was his patient wisdom's meed : 
Alas for those who his wise counsels will not heed I 

38. 

He hore a goodlj volume, which he laid 

Between that princely couple on the throne. 
^Lo! there my work for this great realm," he 
said, — 
** My work, which with the kingdom's growth hai 
grown, 
The rights, the usages, the laws wherein 
Blessed ahove all nations she hath heen. 

39. 

^ Such as the sacred trust to thee is given, 
So unimpaired transmit it to thy line ; 

Preserve it as the choicest gift of Heaven, 
Alway to make the bliss of thee and thine : 

The talisman of England's strength is there, — 

With reverence guard it, and with jealous care ! " 

40. 

The next who stood before that royal pair 
Came gliding like a vision o'er the ground ; 

A glory went before him through the air. 
Ambrosial odors Hoated all around. 

His purple wings a heavenly lustre shed, 

A silvery halo hovered round his head. 



eOUTHET'S rOEUS. 



41. 
The Angel of the English Church y 

Witli whose diTine^t presence there appeared J 
A glorious tiaia, inheritor: of blics, 

Siuntd iu ibe memory of ihe good revered, 
Whg, hRving rendered back their rital breath 
To Him from whom it came^ were perfected 1 
Death. 

42. 
Edward the spotless Tudor there 1 knew, 

III whose pure breast, with pious nurture fi 
All generous hopes and gentle virtues grew ; 

A heaveni}' diadem adorned his head, — 
Most Messed Prince, whose saiutlj name might ni 
The understanding heart to teari 



43. 
Le^ radiant than EJng Edward, Cratimer ct 

But purged from persecution'^ taiiXe spot ; 
For he had given his body to ihi: fliuiie. 

And now in that right hiuid, which, flinching B 
He profTured to the fire's aloiiing doom. 
Bore he the unfading palm of mai'tyrdom. 

44. 
There, loo, came Latimer, in worth allied, 

Wlio, to the stake wheu brought by Romish n 
&» if with prison>wee<l3 he caot aside 

The inhriBitjr of flesh and weight of age, 



THE LAY OF THE IJLUBEATE. 149 

Bow-bent till then with weakness, in his shroud 
Stood up erect and firm before the admiring crowd. 



45. 

With these, partakers in beatitude, 

Bearing like them the palm, their emblem meet, 

The Noble Army came, who had subdued 

• All frailty, putting death beneath their feet ; 

Their robes were like the mountain-snow, and 
bright 

As though they had been dipped in the fountain- 
springs of light. 

46. 

For these were they who valiantly endured 
The fierce extremity of mortal pain, 

By no weak tenderness to lite allured, 
The victims of that hateful Henrj-^s reign. 

And of the bloody Queen, beneath whose sway 

Rome lit her fires, and Fiends kept holyday. 

47. 

Oh, pardon me, thrice holy Spirits dear. 
That hastily I now must pass ye by ! 

No want of duteous reverence is there here ; 
None better knows nor deeplier feels than I 

What to your sufferings and your faith we owe, 

Te valiant champions for the truth below i 



HerenAer, liaply, v 

(So Heaven permii,) ihal rercrcnoe shall | 
show II. 
Now of my vision I must needs decliire. 

And how the Angel stood beforu ihe tlirone, 
And, fixing on that Prioceas, as he »pake. 
His eye beoigii, the awful silence brake. 

49. 
Thus said ihe Angel : " Thou, to whom one day I 

There sliall in earthly guardianship be given 
The English Church, preserve it from decay ! 

Ere now,for that most eacredeharge halh Uean 
Li perilous tiiues provided female menns. 
Blessing il beueaih the rule of pious Queena. 

50. 
'■ Bear iliou that groat KliEa in ihy mind, 

Who fi'OD) a wredc tliis fubrio ediJied ; 
And IIkr who, to a nulioii's voiee resigned, 

When Itome in hope its wiliest enginea plied, ' 
By her own heart and righteous Heaven approved, 
Stood up uguinst the Father whom she loved. 

51. 
" Laying all mean regards aside, Sll Tlion 

Her seats with wisdom and with learned wot 
That 60, whene'er attacked, with feadesj brow 

Her champions may defend her rights on ei 



THE LAT OF THE ULUBEATE. 151 

linked is her welfare closely with thine own ; 
One fate attends the Altar and the Throne ! 

52, 

^ Think not that lapse of ages shall abate 
The inveterate miilice of that Harlot old : 

Fallen though thou dcemVt her from her high estate, 
She proffers still the envenomed cup of gold, 

And her fierce Beast, whose names are Blasphemj, 

The same that was, is still, and still must be. 

53. 

" Tho stem Sectarian, in unnatural league. 
Joins her to war against their hated foe ; 

Error and Faction aid the bold intrigue, 
And the dark Atheist seeks her overthrow ; 

While giant Zeal in arms against her stands. 

Barks with a hundred mouths, and lif\s a hundred 

hands. 

54. 

" Built on a rock, the fabric may repel 
Their utmost rage, if all within be sound ; 

But if within the gates Indifference dwell, 

Woe to her then ! there needs no outward wound I 

Through her whole frame benumbed, a lethal sleep. 

Like the cold poison of the asp, will creep. 

• 

^ In thee, as in a cresset set on high, 
The light of piety should shine far seen, 



152 souTHiir's POEMS. 

A guiding beacon fixed fur every eye . 

Thus from ihe infiueoce of an lioiiored QueeMj 

Ab liom \l6 Eipring, should public good proceed : 
Tbe peace of Heaven will be tliy proptT meed. 

513. 
" So should relum ihot happ^ state of yore, 

Wheii piety and joy went hand in hand : 
The love which to his (lock the shephei'd bore 

The old obscrvunced wliich cheered the land, 
The household pruyera which, honoring God's b 

Kept the lamp Uiuuned, and fed ihe sacred flan 

57. 
Thus having spoke, anay the Angel passed 

Witli all his train, dissolving from the sight : 
A transitory shadow overcast 

The f^udJen void they lefl : nil meaner light 
Seeming like darkness lo the eye which lost 
The full effulgence of that heavenly hosL 



Eflsoon, in re-appcarrng light confessed. 
There Blood another ALinisler of bli^ 

With his own radiance clothed as with a vest- 
One of the nngelic company was this, 

Who, guardians of the rising htuniui nvx, 

Alway iii Heaven behold iho Father's facifc 



THE LAY OF THE LAUREATE. 153 

59. 

Somewhile he fixed upon the royal Bride 
A oontemplntive eye of thoughtful grief: 

The trouhle of that look benign implied 
A sense of wrongs for which he sought relief. 

And that £arth*s evils which go unredressed 

May waken sorrow in an Angel's breast. 

60. 

•* I plead for babes and sucklings," he began, — 
** Those who are now, and who are yet to be : 

I plead for all the surest hopes of man. 
The vital welfare of humanity : 

Oh! let not bestial Ignorance maintain 

Longer withm the land her brutalizing reign. 

61. 

** Lady 1 if some new-bom babe should bless, 
Li answer to a nation*s prayers, thy love ; 

When thou, beholding it in tenderness. 

The deepest, holiest joy of earth shalt prove, — 

Li that the likeness of all infants see. 

And call to mind that hour what now thou hear'st 

^m me. 

62. 

*^ Then seeing infant man, that Lord of Earth, 
Most weak and helpless of all breathing things, 

Remember tliat as Nature makes at birth 
No different law for Peasants or for Kings, 



And nt the end no difference may bel'all, 
The ' short parentlieais of life ' is all. 

63. 
'But, in that space, bow wide nt»y b« their d 

Of honor or dbbonor, good or ill I 
From Nature's hand like plastic clay they c 

To lake from clrcunuUinco their woe ix 
And, as the form and pi'essure may be givt 
They wither upon canh, or ripen there for Hct 

64. 
■■ Is il, Iheu, filling limt one soul ^kouli] piQ« 

For lack of culture in this ikvored land i 
Tliat fipiriu of capadiy divine 

Periah, like eeeds u|kui the ile?ert EWidi 
Tliitt needful knowledge, in this age of ligbl. 
Should nut by biilli be every Briton's right ? 

65. 
" Little Clin private zeal effect nlnne ; 

The Stale must tliU Stale^nalady redress; 
. For as, of nil the ways of life, but one — 
The path of duty — leads to happinee^ ; 
So in their duly Slates must find at length • 
Tlieir welfare, and tlicir eoTety, and iheir stn 

66. 
"This llie first dniy, carefiilly to train 

The children in llie way that they should g 



THE LAY OF THE LAUREATE. 155 

Then of the family of guilt and pain 

How large a part were banished from below ! 
How would the people love with surest cause 
Their country, and revere her venerable laws ! 

67. 

^ Ib there, alas ! within the human soul, 

An inbred taint disposing it for ill ? 
More need that early culture should control 

And discipline by love the pliant will ! 
The heart of man is rich in all good seeds ; 
N^lected, it is choked with tares and noxious 
weeds." 

68. 

He ceased, and sudden from some unseen throng 
A choral peal arose, and shook the hall. 

As when ten thousand children with their song 
Fill the resounding temple of St. Paul; 

Scarce can the heart their powerful tones sustain : 

^ Save, or we perish ! " was the thrilling strain. 



69. 

^Save, or we perish !" thrice the strain was sung 
By unseen Souls innumerous hovering round ; 

And, whilst the hall with their deep chorus rung, 
The inmost heart was shaken with the Found : 

I felt the refluent blood fors^ike my face, 

And my knees trembled in that awful place. 



156 southet's foems. 

70. 
Anoa two Tunole farms before our view 

Came side by side, a beauteous couplement: 
The first a virgin clad in skyey blue ; 

Upwaril [D [leaven Ler eteaJlast eyes were h 
Her couniGuaiice an nnxiuu^ meaning bore, 
Yet siicb aa migbt have made ber loved the n 



This was that maiden, " gober, chaste, and wiae,*, 

Who bringeih to all hearts (heir best deligiit: 
"Though spoused, yet wanUng wedlock's s(d« 

" Daughter of Ccclia, and Speriuiza higLl," 
1 knew her well as one whose portraiture 
In my dear &Iaster'i verse for ever will endurerl 



Her sister, too, the same divinest page 
Taught me to know for that Charissa fair, 

" Of goodly grace and comely per^nage, 
Of wondrous beauty and of bounty rare. 

Pull of great love," in whose roost gentle mian 

The cbarms of perfect WMnanhood were seen* 

73. 
This lovely pair uDiollet) before the throne 

" Earth's melaocboly map," tvUereon lo ught 
Two broad divisions at a glance were shown, — 

The inupires these of Darkness and of Light. 



THE LAY OF THE LAUREATE. 15^ 

Well might the thoughtful bosom sigh to mark 
How wide a portion of the map was dark. 

74. 

** Behold," Charissa cried, " how large a space 
Of Earth lies unredeemed ! Oh grief to think 

That countless myriads of immortal race. 
In error bom, in ignorance must sink, 

Trained up in customs which corrupt the heart, 

And following miserably the evil part ! 

75. 

^ Regard the expanded Orient, from the shores 
Of scorched Arabia and the Persian Sea, 

To where the inhospitable Ocean roars 
Against the rocks of frozen Tartary ; 

Look next at those Australian isles, which lie 

Thick as the stars that stud the wintry sky ; — 

76. 

* Then let thy mind contemplative survey 
That spacious region, where, in elder time, 

Earth's un remembered conquerors held the sway ; 
And Science, trusting in her skill sublime. 

With lore abstruse the sculptured walls o'erspread. 

Its import now forgotten with the dead. 

77. 

^ From Nile and Congo's undiscovered springs, 
To the foar seas which gird the unhappy land, 



158 southet's poems. 

Behold it left a prey to barbarous King«, 

The Robber, or tbe Trader's ruihlesa liand I 
Sinning aiid suffering, everywhere unblest, 
BehoM her wrelcbeil eons, oppressing and i 
pressed! 

78. 
"To England is the Elaalem empire given, 

And tiers Ilie sceplrc of the drcJiiig main 
Shall she not, then, dtffiue the word of Heaven J 

Through all the regions of her trusted reign, I 
Wage against evil things the hallowed strife. 
And sow with liberal hand the seeds of life ? 

79. 
" By strenuous efforts in a rightful eause. 

Gloriously hath she surpassed her ancient faB 
And won in arms the astonished World's applai 

Yet may she win in peace a nobler name, 
And Nations, which now lie in error blind, 
Hail her the Friend and Teacher of Alaukindl'l 



"Oh, what a pari were thai," Spenuiza then 
Exclaimed, '* lo act upon Earth's ample stage I 

Oh, what u mime among the sons of men 
To li^uve, which should endure from age to ^ 

And what a strength lliat ministry of good 

Should lind in love and human gratitude 1 



THE LAY OF THE LAUREATE. 159 

81. 

** Speed thou the work, Redeemer of the World ! 

That the long miseries of mankind may cease ; 
Where'er the Red-Cross baimer is unfurled, 

There let it carry truth and light and peace ! 
Did not the Angels who announced thy birth 
Proclaim it with the sound of Peace on Earth ? 

82. 

^ Bless thou this happy Island, that the stream 
Of blessing far and wide from hence may flow ! 

Bless it, that thus thy saving Mercy's beam, 
Reflected hence, may shine on ail below ! 

Tht kingdom come, tht will be done, 
Lord! 

And be thy Holy Name through all thr 

WORLD adored I " 

83. 

Thus as Speranza cried, she clasped her hands. 
And heavenward liiled them in ardent prayer. 

Lo I at the act the vaulted roof expands ; 
Heaven opens ; and in empyreal air, 

Poaring its splendors through the inferior sky, 

More bright than noonda^ suns the Cross appeara 

OD high. 

84. 

A strain of heavenly harmony ensued. 

Such as but once to mortal ears was known, — 



160 southey's rOEMs. 

The voice of thnt Angelic Mullitutle, 

Who, ill tlieir Oi'ilur:^, alaiid around ihe ThromS 
"Pkack upi>s Earth, Good-will to MekI"'* 

they sung ; 
And Henvun and Earih wiili ihat proiihelic iiolhein 
rung. 

S5. 
la holy fear I fell upon the ground, 

And Lid my face, unable to endui-e 
Tbe glory or ^uotAin the piercing sound. — 

In fear, and yet in U'eioljliiig juy : for sure 
My soul thai hour yearned strongly lo be free^ 
Thai it miglil tjniad its wing? in iiuiuoriality. 



8C. 



Gone V 



OA llie glory n'litin I raised my hend; 

Bui in llie air appeared a form luilf seen. 
Below will) sLiidows dimly garmented, 

And indistinct mid dreadful v/aa liis mtcn; 
Yet, when 1 gazed intcnilier, I could trace 
Divinesl beauty in that awful lace. 

87. 
" Uear me, O Princess ! " said the sliadowy form 

" As, in administering this mighty land, 
Thou with thy best endeAor shalt ]ierfonn 

The will of Heaven, so shall my faithful kuid \ 
Thy great and endlei« recorop«n»e supply : 
My name is DBATH ; tbb last, bebt fri 

AMI!" 



TOE LAY OF THE LAUREATE. 161 



EPILOGUE. 

1. 

*l8 this the Nuptial Song?" with brow severe 
Perchance the votaries of the world will say ; 

** Are these fit strains for Royal ears to hear ? 
What man is he who thus assorts his lay, 

And dares pronounce with inauspicious breath, 

In Hymeneal verse, the name of Death ? 

2. 

** Bemote from cheerful intercourse of men. 

Hath he indulged his melancholy mood. 
And, like the hermit in some sullen den. 
Fed his distempered mind in solitude ? 
Or have fanatic dreams distraught his sense. 
That thus he should presume with bold irreve- 
rence ? " 

3. 

O Royal Lady, ill they judge the heart 
That reverently approaches thee to-day. 

And, anxious to perform its fitting part, 
Prefers the tribute of this duteous lay ! 

Not with displeasure should his song be read 

Who prays for Heaven's best blessings on thy head 

4. 

He prays that many a year may pass away, 
Ere the State call thee from a life of love ; 

VOL. X. M 



1G2 BOOTBEr's POEMS. 

Vexed by no public cares, llml Jay by day 

Thy heart iLe Jeor ilomeslJc joy:^ may prove, < 
And gracious Heaven iliy chosen nujUiiUs bless , 
With nil B Wife's and all a Moiher'* Imppiiiess. 



He prayji, that, for thine own anil Rtigland'i 
The Virtuca and the Iluusehuld Charitits 

Their tavorcd scat bi^side ihy hearth may Cake : 
Thai, when the Nation thitlier turn their eyes, I 

There the conspicuous moilel tliey may find 

Of all which makes the bliss of human-kind. ' 

C. 
He pray^ tliat, when the sceptre lo thy hand 
In due sncceasion shall descend at length, 
Prosperity and Peace may bless the land. 
Truth he thy counsellor, and Heaven 
strength ; 
Tliat every tongue thy praises may proclaim. 
And every heart in secret bless lliy name. 

7. 
He prays that thou mayst strenuously ra^ntain 

The wise laws luuidud down from sire to son 
He prays, ilist, under ihy auspicious reign, 

All Tany be added which is left undone, 
To make the reahn, its polity complete, 
In all tilings happy, as in all things great ) — 



THE LAT OF THE LAUREATE. 163 

8. 

That, through the will of thy enlightened mind, 
Brnte man may be to social life reclaimed ; 

That, in compassion for forlorn mankind. 
The saving Faith may widely be proclaimed 

Through erring lands, beneath thy fostering care : 

This is his ardent hope, his loyal prayer. 

9. 

In every cottage may thy power be blest. 

For blessings which should everywhere abound ; 
Thy will, beneficent, from East to West, 

May bring forth good where'er the sun goes 
round ! — 
And thus, through future times, should CnARLOXTF/s 

fame 
Surpass our great Eliza's golden name. 

10. 

Of awful subjects have I dared to sing ; 

Yet surely are they sucli, as, viewed aright. 
Contentment to thy better mind may bring, — 

A strain which haply may thy heart invite 

To ponder well liow to thy choice is given 

A glorious name on Earth, a high reward in 

Heaven. 

11. 

Light strains, though cheerful as the hues of spring, 
Would wither like a wreath of vernal flowers: 



164 80UTHET*8 POE1I8. 

The amaranthine garland which I bring 

Shall keep its verdure through all after-hoars; 
Yea, while the Poet's name is doomed to live, 
So- long thi;* garland shall its fragrance give. 

12. 

** Uneasy lies the head that wears a crown ; " 
Thus said the Bard who spake of kingly cares : 

But calmly may the Sovereign then lie down 
When grateful Nations guard him with their 
prayers. 

How sweet a sleep awaits the Royal head, 

When these keep watch and ward around the bed I 



L'ENVOY. 

Go, little Book ! from this my solitude ; 

I cast thee on tlie waters, — go thy ways ; 
And if, as I believe, thy vein be good, 

The World will find thee after many days. 
Be it with thee according to thy worth : 
Gro, little Book ! in faith I send thee forth. 



NOTES TO THE LAY OF THE LAUREATE. 



The ** thort parenthem$ of life "UaH — 62, p. 164. 

1 iiave borrowed this striking expression from Storer: — 

''All as my chryMKn, so my winding-Rheet; 

None joyed my birth, none mourned my death| to see: 
The short par«Dtheiti« of life was sweet. 
But short. What was before, unknown to me, 
And what most follow is the Lord's decrve/' 

Slvrer^4 Ltfe and Death ^f Wolnf/. 

Let me insert here a beautiful passage from this forgotten 
poet, whose work has been retrieved from oblivion in the 
" Ueliconia.** Wolsey is spetiking. 

** More fit the dirlge of a moumfiil quire 
In dull, sad note* all sorrows to exreed, 
For him in whom the princess love is dead. 

I am the tomb where that affection lies, 
That WHS the clowt where It living kept; 

Yet wine men nay affertion never dies. 
No : but it turns, and. when it long hath slept, 
Looks Ararv, like the e^r. that long hath wrpt. 

Oh, could It die! that were a restful utate; 

But, living, it converts to deadly hate." 



^Daughter of OaeUa, and Sptranza highL'' — 71, p. IM. 

IV. 

^ Dame Oelia men did her call, as thought 
From heaven to come, or tliltber to ari^e, 
The mother of three daughters well upbrooght 
In goodly thews or godly exercise : 



ndflJla «iid Spvnnx*, vtrgiju w< 



A ny <Iear Maittr'i iwrn fir et 



XJiKy Dimibn4 tqi»] ftapt wid < 



I1T fnun twr clio^U^ '^evi 



Bal iliii no nbit did nhings tu 



Ngt nil » cbKrful mdM ilu of ttgut 
AawulMtilaln'i wbMlMrdtHddlddix 
OrxniuUli Id b>r iHut, li bud U ML 



in»r( ijwiJi, >ookl.o.s 



NOTES TO T&E LAT OF THE LAUREATE. 167 



J%r gUter^ U»^ the »ame dirinest p<Bg€ 
Taught me to know, — 72, p. 156. 

XXX. 

** She wu a woman in her freshest age, 
Of wondrooa beaotv, and of bonntj rare. 
With goodly grace and comely personage, 
Tbat was on earth not easy to eompare ; 
Fall of great lore." 

JEbery Qaem, Book I. c. z. 



** Eartk'M melancholy mtq}.'' — 78, p. 156. 

** A part how small of the terraqueous globe 
Is tenanted by man ! the rest a waste; 
Rocks, deserts, ftt»en seas, and burning sands. 
Wild liaunts of moncters, poisons, stings, and death! 
Such is Earth's melancholy map! But, far 
More sad, this earth is a true map of man/' 

YouHff . Night i. 1. 285. 

It is the moral rather than the physical ranp which ought 
to excite this mournful feeling : but such contemplations 
should excite our hope and our zeal al^o ; for how large a 
part of all existing evil, physical as well as moral, is reme- 
diable by human means! 



FUNERAL SONG 



rOB TBB 



PRINCESS CHARLOITE OF WALES. 



FUNERAL SOXG 



poa TUX 



PKIXCESS ClIARLOrrE OF WALES. 



In its summer pride array<»(l. 
Low our Tree of lIo|»e is laid ! 
Low it lies : in evil iiour, 
Visiting the bridal bower, 
Death hath levelled root and flower. 
Windsor, in thy sacred ^hade 
(This the end of pomp and powrr !) 
Have the rites of death beifu paid; 
Windsor, in thy saored .<ihade 
Is the Flower of Brunswick laid ! 



Ye whose relics rest around, 
Tenants of this funeral ground ! 
Know ye, Spirits, who is come. 
By immitigable doom 
Summoned to the untimely tomb ? 
Late with youth and splendor crowned, 
Late in Ix^auty's vernal bloom, 
Lace with love and joyanee blest ; 



t souTHKrs i-oems. 

Never more lamented guest 

Was in Windsor liiid to resL 

Henry I thou of wwotly v/otth, — 
Thou to vrliom thy Windsor gave 
Nativity and niune and grave, — 
Thou oi'E in this haltoived earth 
Cradled for the immortal birth 1 
Heavily upon Ida head 
Ancestral crimes were visited: 
He, in spirit like a child, 
Meek of heart and undefiled, 
Patiently his erown resigned, 
And fixed on heaven bis heavenly mindt 
Blessing, while he kissed the rod, 
His Redeemer and his God. i 

Now may he, in realms of hliss, I 

Greet a. soul as pure as bbl 

Pa^ive as titat bumble spirit. 
Lies his bold delliruiier too t 
A dreadful debt did lie inherit. 
To his injured lineage due; 
Ill-aturred princ-el wliuae inartial merit 
His own England long might rue. 
Mournful was ihnl Edward's rnme, 
Won in fields eoniested well, 
While be sought his rightful elaim: 
Wiinesa Aire'i unhappy water, 
Where the rutbles CliAurd fellt 



FUNERAL 80NO. 173 

And when Wharfe ran red with slaughter, 

On the day of Towton*s field, 

€rathering, in its guilty fiood, 

The carnage and the ill-spilt blood 

That forty thousand lives could yield. 

Cressy was to this but sport, 

Poictiers but a pageant vain ; 

And the victory of Spain 

Seemed a strife for pastime meant, 

And the work of Agincourt 

Only like a tournament : 

Half the blood which there was spent 

Had sufficed again to gain 

Anjou and ill-yielded Maine, 

Normandy and Aquitaine ; 

And Our Lady's ancient towers, 

Maugre all the Valois' powers. 

Had a second time been ours. — 

A gentle daughter of thy line, 

Edward, lays her dust with thine. 

Thou, Elizabeth ! art here, — 
Thou to whom all griefs were known ; 
Who wert placed upon the bier 
In happier hour than on the throne. 
Fatal daughter, fatal mother. 
Raised to that ill-omened station. 
Father, uncle, sons, and brother 
Mourned in blood her elevation I 
Woodville ! in the realms of bliss 



74 sotJTHEY a roEsie. 

To thine olTspring ihoii mayst say, 
"Enrly dtviih is lin|>|iiness ; 
And fuviirL-ii in llieir lot are tbey 
Who are luit k-fl lo Icnm below, 
Thai length of liCi- h Icn^li of woe." 
Lightly let lliid gniuml be priced; 
A broken liciut ia litre at rest ! 

But ihoii, Seymour! with n greeting 
Sueb as sisters um at meetiiig — 
Joy and .-ymjintliy tmi) love — 
Wilt hiiil litT ill llw eatti above. 
Like in loi-i-linew wi're ye ; 
By a lilte Inniuileil dootn 
Hurried lo iin eiirly tomlt. 
While lo;;Hliei', f,pinU U«sl! 
Hi-re yniir eiirtlily relics rest, 
Fellow^mgeU shidl yc be 
In the angelic roin[>ai:y. 

Henry, l(», Imlli here his jiart : 
At tlie gentle S^^ymour's side, 
Wil h hw be't-belov^d bride, 
Cold nnil (jiiiel. here are bud 
The a*bes tiC that fiery heart. 
Mot with his tyrannic spirit 
Shall our Chnrlolte's «aiil inherit : 
No: by Fishsf's faoary bead; 
By More, the lenni^d mid tlie gooil! 
By Katharine's wroni^i and Boleyn's blood | , 



FUNERAL SONG. 175 

Bj the life so basely shed 
Of the pride of Norfolk's line ; 
By the axe so often red ; 
By the fire with martyrs fed, — 
Hateful Henry, not with thee 
May her happy spirit be ! 

And here lies one whose tragic name 
A reverential thought may claim, — 
That murdered Monarch, whom the grave, 
Revealing its long secret, gave 
Again to sight, that we might spy 
His comely face and waking eye ! 
There, thrice fifty years, it lay. 
Exempt from natural decay, 
Unclosed and bright, as if to say, 
A plague, of bloodier, baser birth 
Than that beneath whose rage he bled. 
Was loose upon our guilty earth : 
Such awful warning from the dead 
Was given by that |X)rtentous eye ; 
Then it closed eternally. 

Ye whose relics rest around. 
Tenants of this funend ground ! 
Kven in your immortal spheres. 
What fn'sh yearnings will ye feel 
When this earthly guest appears I 
Us she leaves in grief and tears ; 
But to you will she reveal 



BOUTHET'a POEM3- 

Tidings of Old England's weal ; 

Of a righiwus war pursued, 

Long, tlirougli evil and through good, 

Wiih unshaken fonilude ; 

Of peace, in battle twice achieved ; 

Of lier fiercest foe subdued, 

And Europe from the yoke relieved. 

Upon thai Bmbaiiiine plain ! 

Such the proud, the virtuous sloty, 

Such the greal. the endless glor;, 

Of her father's splendid reign I 

He who wore ilic sable mail, 

Uight, at this heroic tale, 

Wish himself on earth again. 

One who reverently for thee 
Bused the strun of bridal veree, 
Flower of Branswick I moumfiiUy 
Lays a garland on thy hearse. 



A VISION OF JUDGMENT. 



raux. 



N 



DEDICATION OF THE VISION OF JUDGMENT. 



TO T U E KING. 

SiRf — Only to your mnjesty can the present puhiicution with 
propriety be iulclres>e<l. As ji tribute to ttie siicred memory of 
our lute revereil sovereign, it is my duty to present it to your 
mujc?ty*s notice; and to whom could an experiment — which, 
perhaps, miiy be considered hereafter as of sonic iin|>ortance in 
English pocirj' — bo so fitly inscribed, as to the royal and mu- 
nificent patron of science, art, and literature? 

We owe much to the house of Brunswick; but to none of 
that illustrious house more than to your nnijesty, under whobC 
govcnjmcnt tiie military renown of Great Britain has been car- 
ried to the highest point of glory. From that pure glory there 
has been nothing todetnict; the succe>s wa> not more .'>plendid 
than the cau^c was gtMnl; and the event was deserved by the 
generosity, the justice, the wis«lom, and the magnanimity of 
the counsels which prepared it. The same jierfect mtegrity 
has been manifested in the whole administration of public 
afitiirw. More has been done than was ever before attempteil 
for mitigsiting the evils iucident to our stage of society; for 
imbuing the ri<«ing race with th(»se sound principles of religion 
on which the welfare o( States has its onlv secure founthition: 
and for opening new regions to the redundant enter])ri^e uikI 
industry of the people. Under your maje-ity's government, 
the metropolis is rivalling in beauty those cities which it has 
long surpassed in greatness; sciences, arts, and letters are 
flourishing beyond all former example; and the last triumph 
of nautical discovery and of the British flag, which had so 



often been essayed in vain, has been accompli^hcd. / The 



nau I 

. /ti 



¥ 



yoai'wtjeil.y may loDg continue to reign over u free 
penmi people, and thnt Iha blpulngi of thr hnppicst 
■mnant which has aver been mlsad by hnnian wi>- 
■i«i [ha IhTor of Dlvlite Providence, nia;ri under ronr 
■ proleotion, be traiuinitted Dnimp&irsd lo pottgrity, 
■jar of ifODi nuyutj's 

Hoil dnUfOl nibjaot Hid Hrtanl, 

BonuK Sotmnr. 



PREFACE TO THE VISION OF JUDGMENT. 



SooH after the publication of this poem, the Rev. S. Tillbrook, 
B.D., at that time Fellow of Peterhouse, and ^n old acquaint- 
anoe of mine, published a pamphlet entitled — 

'* HISTORICAL AND CRITICAL REMARKS 

UFOM 

TUB MODERN HEXAMETERS, 
AMD UPOH 

MR. SOUTHET'S 'VISION OV JUDGMENT.' 

*T1m IIezam«ter Verse I grant to be a gentleman of an andent 
boose (so is many an English beggar); yet this clime of ours he cannot 
thrive in. Onr speech is too craggy for him to set his plough in. Us 
goes twitching and hopping, lilie a man running upon quagmires, up 
the IliU in one syllable, and down the dale in another, retaining no 
part of that strictly smooth gait which he Taonts himself with among 
the Qreeks and Latins.' — Tuum as Nasb. 

Cambeidob: 1822." 

The following extnicts comprise the most important of Mr. 
Tillbit>ok*8 animadversions: — 

" The Laureate says, that, ' if it be difficult to reconcile the 
public to a new tune in verse, it is plainly impossible to recon- 
cile them to a new pronunciation.' But why not attempt to 
teach this tunc on new principles? Why leave the public 
without a guide to the accents and divisions of the Georgian 
hexameter? This should have been done cither by borrowing 
from the Latin rules, adopting those of the curly prosodians, 
or by inventing a new metronome. It is difficult to recommend, 
much more to estnbiiKh, any theoretical attempt upon indi- 
vidual authority, because pmcticnl experience is the best and 
ultimate test of success. After repeated trials, the enterprise 
in qoattioD has uniformly failed; and experience has shown 



182 SOl'TMKl-'s I'OEMS. 

thai all modern Imlutlona of the epic aro nnvn 
earning deniteiii oidoiik our EnRlitli moliv«. Tlie *)-*tem 
nUempted Ly tlia Liiunsnic Is prvresMcily mi iinilHlioii nf tliB 
analenlayilunsi but eiery copy ii giuil or bud Ht II rovmlilo) 
«r diflkn from ftn origiiml. In d»f»iic« of lii( enCerprlie, Hr. 
Seatbey thoaii not hnvo ooiiteiiied Iilmiwlf u'ltli u bure «xpo- 
(ili'iii of Uie Dieuurei of lili rerrc, but ihoulil l»ia ncrually 
naled llie ccminM, ncMiited tlie tvllnbles diiiI divided tlic fett. 
Innwltenorrliyllini *ridtound,t1ie untrlad ur aaii 
ontcU Ui* |irrci<f nwatilnR ur llie uiuBicinn or pnel, «>pcaU 
wbere on ori|;lnBl air li [urtiad inio n vnrlution; nnd 



le dlfrerenca nekiiau'ledged by tbe LuureHto b< 



"A tulile, exliibiting the t: 



, iboDld ll 



t<M Kbieh Mr. Souther b 
Jhmgrecment wiih the 1e^ 
in dmwii out. Orllical •ip*-'' 
nubUilM.1 cerUifi canans tor 
flic, Hnd otber metrei) ■nil Onvk Or 
Latin vanei, oonalruclrd nwordlng In thMe hiws, invMHnbl; 
excel twih in rhythm and melody. Tbere are In the ' Vitlm 
of JudpoeM' parts which majr charm and delight, but thay 
do »o tma no metrical efTect. The reader, notwilhslandlog 
■be l.nunuiU'i caution, kkhi Hnd* liiinwir in a taiiglei] palli, 
Olid geu bewildered for want oT tbote guide* whreb lead him 
nsooilily ibrougb the SleRe of Troy. Bui, ir he tmoal far 
whh tlie tluH; of modem epic, he will have little running, 
freijnent liilliii^s, ■oma ttumbliiiK and Joatling, ii 



Iben Hnd tlic good Imly g|i|>ing, oi 

•tor a 



lling CTDu-legged, in ll 
pnrtlolai. 



■' Bat it will tx easier to «ho* the comparative an 
toiirrei of Exceileiute or falluni in Ihe cuinpoailiiiii of tha 
dom hesnmBter, by an nnalyaU «f the Graeli and Lntin bn* 
gUK(n<. compared aa to their liltral end lyllablo relaUona. To 
•ITecl tbia. Tour aeparala tablet have been drawn, containing 
iIm uomponeiil parta aMil lolsU of eigbt venaa of 
triroJ diineuaioiH, taken MVvrslly from the ■ Iliad,' ' 
'Viaion of Jadgmenl,' irad rroia a {kmhb by Sohillar. 



rUUTACE TO T1$IOX OF JCDOXENT. ISS 



dWnioBi are calca3«:eii to shctv the msw oT w<w>K ^tI^aSIck 
wmnaiitts Tovds dijthihixiigs lett^r^ a]>i: vanerr of 6r^ 
ijllabl<«. It wih be f«en fixnu :his tjibui.v expeditions ih»t 
tfM Greek aztd L&t:n «re r.eariy anak*j^«uSl except thAt tiie 
bftlsDoe oC pciCr$TiUL«jc9> inoiine» to the ^^nucr. 1 he <iipb» 
thongs are motv, and the con«onni)t« ^rcaorr. And the t\^Al of 
lattofs and vonic ai*o is ieat, vith the Greek. The c^MHriuaion 
tberefora, ii, that the eophonv. And »>iUbic }Mwer of 4^(^eech« 
must likevi«e be on the j>ide of the Orwki^ 

** lu the En^i»h »cale, the nninl»er of mMHvyllMble* » jSw 
tioMt a* great as in either o( the two Ancient hin|ruAgtts« and 
more than tvice as great as in the German. Ihe English 
consonants are ven- near'. y double those of the Greek or Latin, 
and the total number of word$ bears nearly the same r\»iii» 
both to the Greek and Latin; viz.. Uto to one. Bv necessity of 
grammar, a large pruportkHi of these words consi:»ts ol muno- 
fvUables and expletires. Neither the consonants in the Ger> 
inaB, nor the total of letters, is so numerous as in the English; 
and tho tame rehition holds between the^*N4i/yarietiesof thesa 
two languages. 

** It baa been before remarked, that the reutiMuc hexameter 
maj be rendered somewhat superior to the Eiigli5h. Thit 
foperloritjr la, in a great measure, to be attributed to the 
imaller aggregate of consonants and monu»yll:ibles which 
dbtinguish the German vocabulary-. But the unpn*judiced 
reader will draw what inferences he pleases fn>m the compare* 
tWe powers of ettch language, and regulate his decision ao- 
eording to the apparent truth or falsehood of tlie whole of the 
aiigtmient and evidence. 

* Excludat JurgU FiuU.* 

** In taking leave of this question, the writer agnin asuures 
Mr. SoDthey of his high regard both for the private and lita- 
rarj life of the Laureate of the present nge. The pen whioh 
bat traced these remarks, if it be not that of a re:uly writer, 
wotild fain be considered as that of a humble critic, actuated 
yj no other motives than thot^) of friendly discusKions, and a 
desire to preserve the Epic Muf>e of Greece and Latium firea 
ftom the barbarities of modem imitaUion. 



184 



SOUTH KT'B I 



"It It Bgainft thg metra, the nusCrianl nuocUlioi) ■ 
twigsment, agiinit the innoriiljon, not the iunavnlor, th_. _« 
wriMr prolBSU. The merib or demerits, tliercrore, of tlin ' Vj- 
■ioD of JuilgtDBut,' aa a poem, he Isnvsa to abler re^awan 
Kiid lo poiterity. It wiU be rend KDd ndmired by a tt" par- 
loiu, jiut at Iha att«tapt> of oilier hexunetriaW have lieao. 
Tbe expeiimenta of Trivino, Sidney, and Speiuei, produoad 
■ thort-lired aantalion, sMcli periahad with ths lyinpHtLetlo 
caprice of the dmei. The repulatloa uf Mr. Suuthey ma}', 
aTan ia tbe Georgian uge, produce u panllel eSi^ti but, lude- 
pandfiot of the probabls ciintei of tha failure already atatsd, 
tiM potm iUell^ being an ooiwaional ooe, it, on that accoiuil, 
«bo more liable lo forgelfulneaa. 

" ' Via Mta, tIu luln,' la, Uierefare, u good > paasword Ar 
the 4i*pinitit who woald olimh Fiumaaaiu, ai (or the hoinbla 
pUgrim who plodi niong die beaten path oT pn»e. Than la 
DO neMUlly, indeed tio npology, for atUinptlng to rarive tbow 
miMltapea tarms ef puatrj,— those ' innDodnlatii puamita,' 
vhloh hnvB long ago been laid lu rest, ihrouded iu oobwcbl^ 
■Dd burled in the duic. Ennlui may be panlened his imagi- 
M17 melempiycluitu, bi* ' Somiilii Pylhagoraa,' and aaaamp- 
tionof the title ' Alter HomeruBi' tmt tha world would be lo^ 
now-a-dayi lo allow Ilia iHma prlvilegei to bd Eu^iah poeL 

" Qad there beeu an; gmd ohiuice of Imitating the ohuale 
haxamelar, larely he {who by diatincliOQ among our poeta 
iru called 'diviiie'} iDuat hnro lucceeded in ills ealerpriae. 
Speowr, boHBTer, relluqulalied the hopalau taik; and It (a lo 
ba regretted Ihnt Ilia ex]LDiple, in Ihii reapect M leiat, hai net 
anted preventively apoa hi* worthy atuioeuor. 

" In the rnrrago of metrical tmih which hai been extracted 
tnm the fnodem hexAtnelruIa of different countriea, what if 
there worthy of example or remetnbniDce, either in tbe aub- 
jecla. or ezacBIion of their performances V Bumun nature U, 
indeed, to AcUs In her intelleotual operations, that the most 
•biunl and jnpTBcliaable epeculalions have ever bund psrti- 
lans ready 10 advocate Ibeir truth, nod embark in Uia exs 
ontlou of Iheoi. Bat llie career of luoh prtpoalemu* anlar- 
priae* cun ueUher be proaperotu nor long. To wage wu 



PREFACE TO VISION OF JUDGMENT. 185 

the opinioDS of the wi9e and experienced^ i» to chal* 
lenge the fkte of poor Dick Tinto. who, after all his ill^pent 
time and labor, found himself * patron ired by one or two of 
those jndicious persons who make a virtue of l»ein^ singular 
•nd of pitching their own opiniou» apiinst tho»e of the world 
in matters of taste and criticism/ Ever since the Republic 
of Letters was es>tabltsbed, innovators of one kind or other 
have endeavored to supplant the sterling ^Titers, not only of 
Greece and Rome, but of every civilized countrj-. But, when 
itigennity or imitation can be foisted upon true scholarship 
a* the representative of orij^nal genius, the taste of the public 
most either be sadly perverted to reli>h what is bad, or be al- 
ready scitiated with that which is goivl. 

** There can now be little, or niUier no hotKn* conferreii upon 
our own legitimate U use, by an attempt to natnndize a lui»> 
tard race of metre, which has been banished from the moat 
enlightened countries of Europe. Within the last two centu- 
rie»«, literature, arms, and commerce have extended our ver- 
imcular tongue over a vast portion of the gIol»e; and it is 
spreading still further. On this, if on no other account, it 
behooves the guardians of our native quarry to see that 
it maintains its proper excellence, and to recommend, as 
worthv of imitation, onlv such standard works of art or sci- 
cnce as may have received the n>{>eated sanction of the 
scholar and critic. The arts are natumlly imitative : they 
will, however, sometimes, from mistaken judgment or self- 
confidence, undertake to copy thnt which is inimitable. We 
cannot, under any coloring or disguise, mistake the Muse of 
modem hexameter for the original Cnlliopo of llonior or Virgil. 

"In the preface to the ' Vision of Judgment,' Mr. Southey 
assures us tliat a desire to realize one of the ho|)es of his ycuth 
was one among the leading causes of his enterprise: tt> this 
motive might have been superadded the oonticientitius <lis» 
eharge of an official duty, and the public expression of his 
loyalty and attachment to the reigning sovereign. With theso 
or soch like considerations, the imaginary u}H)theosis of our 
lato revered monarch seems to have c<>openited in the plan 
and execution of a poem which cannot fail of giving oflfence 
to many serious and well-meaning pei-bons. To dive into the 



Ift6 bouthet's roKMS. 

myiterlc) of liaftvcn, uid to prantiuneg n|von Ifia stonul •ow- 
diliou of dD)ii(rtail kings or olhen, ii unqUHlloiiabl}' % bold, if 
nol 1 prrauDiiiluoiu, DiiiJurtntcliig; bat, when tbii ii colrriMl 
on under thn biM of piiUliuiil [evliiigt, lh*re i> gtvuivr diuiRcr 
of fU luroniliig erroneout, or iHgrsvlnB into whsl Hime michl 
onll inplcly. It must, howerer, bo nineniber«d. tliM tha 
■ VlaiOB uf Jiiilgiaenl' U nelllicr mon! aor Ic!* Uiiii a po-rt'a 
drCHD. ObjfBllima of ■ winllur kind mlgbl apply to Dantn or 
Hiltun, ntid to Ih« aubjcati uf their grfi]il IiiIhi»i mid, to ibuit, 
to all toriptunil tfaemu. It would be diffloult, pcrhnpi, to 
delennlne in «b*t muiiim Ibe went* of tb« ' Vision of Jnd^ 
miut' ould bave baaa unoljeaUoiubly portrayed. Hut Uhm 
1» DO reoMHi wliy a pniUenuui and anhnlar, like Mr. Sotil 
(who oiinnoC. Ktiy morv thnn the rsat of Qia wo 
InMiliU), tiioold be InadiNl with abue, which wimld 
been hardly jnatiflitUi hud ho pnblUbtd a lerit 
Ikentlou* m many of reoeiit uoloriely. No wonder, tin 
that the iilTanded pride of the Lanrtala Itmia in di>gu>t fruui 
Cfafl oounael uf nicb iinwnrtliy rival). When Ihe aivilltlM of 
learidDg eeon tu be ohentUad, admouiilciB will beootne nana^- 
ona, and srii!«litn will loie half iu uiefalowi. ll it, however, 
10 be boped that ug dinpauioimla bir^niiwr will be nuked, «Taii 
bj Ihe Lanreute, nmaug tlin Diarery a( tlie Claorgliii ag*. At 
■11 evanli. Did wriUr of llie pmenr mniftriui Irnd niiher nooept 
•u liumble plnoe mumg, thwie whom King Jamn hai uylod 
' the dodio balrnoa of knowledge.' Tli« writer'* aiock In inula 
M a crtlla i* poor and hoiiwly : a little raeollMlioii of tha ntln* 
uf pmaod^, araent, and rlivtbm, hnprintwl oiain aarly memory 
by rwl urfuroU; an Ktotilim nMitarand grammar, — nmnanti 
(if Manning aod proving. — an anHoary pair of Buii,Budliui(ti 
no betiar than ihne of oilier folki. Iliee* wauir matarinM 
bnva licBii oxarciaeJ In the exMinTnntli>n of tha >Vi<lon uf 
.lodgmgnl,' and cunoluidoiu very dilfereiil (nan lliiwa nf ita 
aulliar have bean deduud. And, when Iha reader liai pemaed 
tlie (ollnwltig eulogy by Iha Laarsnte open th* ciccIleiiM of 
our bUnk rene, he will «Uroly aik iilniielf why Ihal geiiEla- 
man did not apply Ic lii the ix>ro|ia«iiiin of ■ poeni, which, 

.■ubltino a* well as the leiiiler anil pnilietle, • Take our bbuik 



PREFACR TO VISION OF JUDGMENT. 187 

verse for all in nil, in all its gradfttions, from the elaborate 
rhythm of Milton down to its loosest structure in the early dra» 
matists, and I believe that there is no measure comparable to it, 
either in our own or any other langtiage, for might and majesty 
and flexibility and compass/ A host of authors might be 
brought in support of this panegj-ric upon English blank 
verse; but, as it is against tlie modeiii hexametrists that the 
writer has waged a somewhat long (though, as he trusts, a 
friendly) warfare, he will now draw his last shaft from the 
quiver of honest old Puttenham, and, when he has shot it, 
will hang up his bow, and shake hands with the Laureate. 
' Now, peradventure, with us Englishmen, it be somewhat too 
late to admit a new invention of feete and times, that our fore- 
fathers never used, nor never observed till this day, either in 
their measures or in their prununciation, and perchance will 
seem in us a presumptuous part to attempt; considering, also, 
it would be hard to find many men to like wie man's choice, in 
the limitation of times and quantities of wonls, with which 
not one but every eare is to be pleased, and made a particular 
judge; being most truly said, that a multitude or commonality 
is hard to please, and ea!*y to <»ffend. And therefore I intend 
not to proceed any further in this curiositye than to show the 
small subtility that any other hath yet done, and not by imi- 
tation, but by observation ; not to the Intent to have it put in 
txecuUon in our vulgar poe>ie, but to be pleasantly scanned 
upon, as are all novelties so frivolous and ridiculous as it.' *' 

After thanking Mr. Tillbrook for sending me his pamphlet, 
and for explaining what I «4hould else have been sorry to notice, 
that it contained no intimation of the personal acquaintance 
and mutual good-will which had so long subsisted between us, 
I addressed to him the following cursory remarks in reply to 
his observations : — 

** The greater part of your treatise is employed in very ably 
and pleasantly supplying the deficiencies of my preface, in 
points wherein it was necessarily deficient, because I was out 
of reach of materials. The remarks which are directed against 
my own hexameters ap[>eiir to me altogether ill founded. Yon 
by the measure by Greek and Latin prosody: you might ai 



1S8 BOUTHEY'a POEMa. 

WbII try mc b; lh« tnws of Solon or t1i« Twelvs Tublia. I 
luve dlBlinclly >Wted tb>( Ihs Engliib haxftmsler i* not oon- 
itructed upon UmiD ciuiuiia, but benn Ib> tDmo taliitiiiii to 
Ih« anGisiit IliBt imr heruic lina ikwn ta tba imnbia vcru. I 
bnre uplnineil tlie prlneipla of wtaptiitiaii wlijch I liulehoMii; 
•nd by lliit prino)pla tb« meuur* ought Id b* jiidgej. 

" You bring forwnnl argumsntt whiob nr« darived from 
muaic. Bui it by no meana toMov, tbRt a prfnoiplc whieh 
boliU good In niDila *honld therehra bA «pplic«lila to melrtk 
The titjt of mioiu itnd poetry tn (UontUlly diiUnclj %i.A I 
bavg had apt''''^i<"'°'* "^ obwrving lliat vary tkiiral tiiu*l- 
olan* mny ba ni attorly without vnr ftir ni«tra, n I lun mytflf 
witbout ear for miula, If ib»e argmiionla iim valid, Ihay 
would npply to tba Oarmnii hexametor oa woU a> to iIm 
Engliih i but l!io maaaura !• aa llrmly establitlwd nmooe 
tlia Gsrtnana at blank lone ii wllli D>, and, baniog b«au 
ianoliiiXEul by ilia pmolJce i>f Ihair b«l paaU, can navar be- 
goma obwlele » lonji ai the Turin of Vnat and Goatba and 
Sebliler are remcmbtred; that i>, i> long at tha langnaga 
laala. 

"Twica you liava remnrked DpOD the length ortlia vanaaa 
boeaalnnlnii ■ dlSBiilIy In miding it aloud. Siinly yon hate 
taken up tbit urguinant wllli little cmwMaratlaD, becanae It 
lay upon the anifaoe. U la doubly fallaolmu: flm, npon your 
own priiidploi Tor, if lbs Kngliib nru la nut iaochioiiaua villi 
tlio Lutio, IB nuat ba tboKer; and, ucnndiy, bacauao tha 
brenlti i> rugiilitad in reading by tJie leiiglli of the aaiitoiica, 
not by ibat cif llie vena. 

" Wby did yoD bring agalnat my lioche*, in the ftfth pbwa, 
an argunient Jut aa applleabia to the apondaie vana, and 
wlileb, indaeit, i« only taylng Uul a nriifliir who wrilaa wiiIh 
out »ny ragnnl to alTaet, may [inxlui^e very had nnotl Yam 

twal*a moawylbiblai, And how la (t lliat you, who 
Gbinmara to well, ihouM have mada ma uuwerabla A 
nwel dropped at Ilia preia? 

■• Vou have dealt falHy in iiM aeleotiiig liiigla lii 
taken ■Injclyi would be unfariirabio epuciinBUii bnl nialhinka 
ton abonlil have exhibited una extmol of anffiolenl laiigTh to 



PREFACE TO VISION OF JUDGM£KT. 189 

tbow the effect of the meA.«Tire. I certainly think that tmy 
psnigraph of the poem^ contnining from ten lines npward, 
would confute all the rea.«oninc which tou hare advanced, or 
which anr oiie could adduce ajrninsr the experiment. 

•* But I have done. It is a que<tion de ffvstibug^ and there- 
fore interminable. The proof of the pudding mu*t be in the 
eating; and not all the ren«oning in the world will ever per- 
suade any one that the pu<iding which be dislikes is a gootl 
puddingf or that the puddini: which plea*e« hi^ palate and 
agrees with his stomnch can be a bad one. I am glad that I 
have made the experiment, and quite satisfied with the result. 
The critics who write and who talk are with you; so, I dai-e 
tay, are the whole po*se of ^cho<^lmastcrs. The women, the 
young poets, and the docile bnimg, are with me. 

** I thank you for speaking kindly and considerately con- 
neming the subject of the Virion, and remain, 

** My dear Sir, 

** Yours very trulv, 

" ROBEUT SOUTHBT. 

"Keswick, Juue 17, li?22.*' 



ORIGINAL PREFACE. 

I. 

Havixo long been of opinion that an Enplij»h metre might l»c 
cotistructed in imitation «)f the ancient hexameter, which 
would be perfectly consi^totit with tlie clmractcr of our laii- 
guuge, and capable of great ricl)ne>5, variety, and strength, I 
have now made the experiment. It will have some disadvan- 
tagos to contend with, both among learned and unlearne-i 
readers; among the fonner especially, because, though they 
may diveiitt tl.emselvcH of all prejudice against an innovation 
irbich has generally been thouj^ht impracticable, and might 
tren be di<«posed to regard the attempt favorably, nevertheless 



SOUTHF.r*B POEMB. 



vriti, rnili 






lluhl* ti 












B>r quaulll; wboni umiilumbi only ought to l>a exp«tiled, will 
pBrtiapi tau euUif b« nconcllnrl to lh« niBMura than tliou 
panma who ooniiilor it ilmplyai It U. To the on* dRu,it 
U iweessu; ibM 1 should oxplnla tba onture at lh« ron* i ut 
tbt nllieE, ihe i>Hiici[ile of adapIUm whinh hns bMii Ibllonail. 

Tint, then, to tlia formar, vho, lii gluioiug ovet lh«iie lutig 
Unto, will psreelTO tliiit they bma n'lin oT tha ctwtoniiu]; 
ehantet«ii>tic« of Eiigllih ranlOontluti, belns iiallhar Dwrfcnl 
by rliyro<, n« by my oirtBln nnmbor of »ylI»blM, nor by ■ny 
legular rccnirDiico of «mphuia tbrougbout tba versa, L'poo 
eioMT ohHrvatioii, Iho; wlU Biidth*t (with « very faw czccp> 
tion*) tlixre i* ftiwgDUr rcuurrsiica of vmplliBia In tha lut flr* 
•yllobiei of avi»7 line; th« lint and tha luurtli of Uieu tyllft- 
biw boiDfC BcGcntw], the otbsn not. Tbeae Sra eyllnbliw Tomi 
two of tli» ttttl by whioli tbo vsno U iswiurad, nud vhicb 
■re cnllcJ dactyla and trocbto, — Ihe dactyl oanaiitliig of ooe 
long tyllnbla aod two ihiwt onei, a* axaRijillflait In Dm tiama 
of Wellington) Ihe Irochee, uf one long uiil ona short, w eK- 
moplified In tha nnmr> uf Naliooi Of •nith feet, tliero art (is 
In svery rone. The fbur Hrtt are dlipVMd aeoordlng lo the 
jadgment and ooiivonleDce of tbo wrtleF; that ia, they may bo 
nil dnctyls or nil tn>chest, or uiy rolxtiira of both In nny ar- 
rnigemaiit; bat t)ia fifili ii ilwayi a ilnutyl, anil ib« >ixih 
al<vBy> a trochee, eirnpt in xnne rare Inttaticea, whan, for Ihe 
aake of vnriely or of toma partlaulw offeot, a trochee b nd- 
mltied lu Ihe nfth place. Doe moni roiuark will infice for 
thi> pntlininary oxplfliiulioa. These feet Rra not couillliilcd 
VBCb by a Mpiimte won), but >ir« mud* n|l of ana at man w 
of ]iiul« i;r words, lliu end uf one and the beginning nf onnlliar, 
u* may liappeit. A vrnt of the PwUhib, originally point«<l 
BHl by Hnril* of Sallibury w > uatunl and perfeci heiwno- 
tor, win exempliiy wbal bu beoo >ald: — 









ii»(li>.< . I Tmlu 



PREFACE TO VlilOK OF JTDGMEKT. 191 

with the mles of Latin verKification ; tho«e, e^peciidlv, who 
■re fttill to be calktd geuiie reH(i<rT«. iii this nnpeiitle nge. But 
it u DOt neoefitarT to uiiderstnnd the princij.le uj» >n which the 
▼erse is coustmcted, :i: onier u- feel iht h:*nTioiiy an.i iM»\\er of 
a metrical compi">sition: if it wcrt*. how f<-w isnulJ l»e cnjifiMe 
of enjoying j»fietTy I Id the pre-fM cu>f', any iir»e vh.. rcii-K 
a p:^;!e of tbe^e hexamererK al'»ud, with ju<t thst TitiTunil 
regard to emphafiiK which tbf <«iise (tf the |iti>sMj?o iridicnTo> 
and the usnul pn>iiuiiciutiou of the wtiriii* require*, will per- 
ceive the rhythm, and find no nK»re diffii-uity in pivinp it its 
proper effect than in rend i tig blui.k verve. Thi«^ hu^ ofren I •eon 
tried, aud with invariable sucf^*tK. If, iuvieed, it wore not so, 
the fault would bt in the c<ini|»<>«itioii. nrit in the ni(.M>ure. 

The leumed rea<-er will h.MVo |»ercfiv<>d, by i* h;it ha^ alrendy 
keen naid, that, in f'nninc thi»> £r:cfli^h meut-ure in iniit:iTii>n 
rather than u{xiu the lu^Kie! of the itncient hoxnTnt-ter, the 
trochee haa been i'ub-:i;u:od f«ir the fjnindw, :i«' b\ the Ger- 
■lanB. Thi* substitutifin is rendered ijeco^s-iirv bv the nature 
of OOP pronunciation, wliich i«- ki rojiid, that I Ik] love the 
whole TDCabulury r,f the l:iniru::c*' <i*^s not Jiflft'rd i\ *>:iiplo in- 
■tance of • genuine nativ*- • frji^.:; jee. The f-ji'^ideo, vi' C'urje, 
it DOt exclu<ii*d from the v<tk-; and, wht-re it occurs, the 
effect, in geneml, ij^ p(>c»d. lhi> :»J:enit:<>n wa> nece^ary; but 
it IB not the only KUtt vliirh, ti}»o:j :n.';rure con^idemtion nnd 
lair trial, it has been deemed exjioii'^nt to make. If every 
line were to begin with a I"ic -yihiMe, the ine:i«ure wnuM 
presently ipj^efir exot;c and forced, as boi:.^ d.irertly r.-.p-Kite to 
the general ch:iracter <•{ all f'ur d".p':'fio ] nr rr'^*-. fti.d., indeed, 
to the geniu*^ of the Er.-rli-h Ian pi :.;;:•.•. ll.vn-: ■;••'. :he licen>e 
kai been tiiken of uring any fLn.«: of t\vv. ur tlijvc ^} labK-s at 
the beginning of a lint*, and M>n.t*t:nie>*, Th"Uj;li K'>^ iivqucntly, 
iu the tecoud, third, or l*>iurth plao-e. ihc nirtri'. in us cun- 

• And only one of foreign drriration. uhlih i" the wopi '• Kg:>i«t.'* 
floaMivadmi, who hare n«Tt-r |iriicti.'*(sl nirtri«-nl rriiii)M^<.i:irin in their 
evM laagiuge, may prrhjipfi dou>>t thi-. nnil mii>}x'«m> th»t >ui-h wtinl* 
as "twllli^t" ftud '•erviiing" an* »-p<ii)il»ic ; tut thc\ nnh npp<<iar •••» 
lbf> are proiMtuiK-i-d fiiii:> . the ln*t «\ lUhto then hnnginc ufton 
mgDe, and dwelling nn the etr. like the Ufit iitn<ke of the clock, 
in eoBiUoaUoo, tbey kwcuiuc yuit tn>c)i««». 



192 



SOtJTllEV'S POKMS. 



Itmclvil, bnn tiie ume Himlngjr tn lliR i»i< 

our tonirllal)!* or boroin ltn« da» H inntbia *«rMb lonri 

ImanllcJi anil It ii hi In iu ^iionil Diovsmciii i : 

nr mniif other rnci; nnit wunlil, In (uBT, Ujoii bi 

pmnblf inuiiutaaoBi »Ulivut thoir fr«<|U*iit Inta 



Twenty ;eiin ngo, wbou th* rhythnilcnl rmniuiM of *■ 
Inlia" WM will rrom forruguJ to the pnt*, I rsql 
imrncB to ilui puMo, lluit ih« autliiir mif^i itoC b< 
prater the rbfiliin id wlilob 11 wu writtmi, kbttnoHdlfid 
ilderail, tothe re^^uUr bUiik verao, — thonobleelmeMUt 
juilgmenl, ot "hioh oar lutminibla lingnagc li«ap*b1(, 
adilDil, thai ih* iiieaiDre which wu Ibar* uwd, biui. In t 
kinlHiicc, bieii f>fer<rTeil, bvciinM it nuiltil the chi 

pu«n, — beiiig, us ll wurf, Ilis Anbnqut on wui rnt of A 

Anbimi tale. KiHwltlKtandlnit thh Bipliell ilerlnratlon, 
Che dnnoery of thnt duT Rttuked me lu If 1 biiil ooniidtred Um 
taeiuure of " Tbakha " lo ba In \utit (uantlaU/ uvi alnolntaljr 
batMr than Lhiiik vant. Tlia daimry of diii iliiy mair ])nib» 
Uy pnnna Iho tame rourao im Uie prewnt OM 
that budy I wage no war, nnil aiit«r tiiln no axphtuitfoni t I 
to [be Kraal mnjoriiy of my iwidon, wlio will toko o 

book williont maialolanco, ab-l, boTlng a inwpar san 

honor in llieioitelvea, will bellcTa dia darlanitioRa of ii writt* 
whow TBrnclty lii*y bale iin nnwin Ui iliiabt, 1 will ■«!» what 
are lb> dcfisota and what tha adTaiilngea of tho metre whieb 
t> bero anbniittcd Is thetr judgment, aa tboy apprar to ma 
•ftn* Ihia Atir esparlment of iu powan. 

)C l> not a Ivj^ttmnta Inference, Ilinl, tK4Uw tlie huanmaur 
baa bean auoraaanill]' Intnkluceit In Iba Gf-nnnn bitiguaic*, l| 
ORii be nntnmllted aa well in Engllah. Tba Enii^lsb b out 
•0 H-oll aibiplad br II, trcenuw it dou uM nkonnd ~ 
Qsr wltb poIyiyllHtilc MunU. Tho fHt, tlinrenii 
fieiiuoiiily ba mwla up ur nxnUMylliiblM, ami of dM 
wonli, whereby [ha vrno la rciolscil and dctompoaeij bttol 
cumiwiieiit («I, and tlie feet Inln their cninponinl lyllnbtei^ 
jxlead of being •MJuuUted and hioavnlutiid tliinuHbout, n« In 
the (ianiiai], still mura to the Oraek, and moat In the Latin 



PREFACE TO VISIOS OF JUDGMEKT. 193 

. Thi* is c«rtBin]T ft grnt defect.* Frrnn tilie mibm 
cftiue, the concra geDerftllr coiucide« with a jwu^e in the f^exi- 
tence : bat, thoiigfa this break* the contiiiuity of the vers>e, it 
ought perhaps rather to be considered a& an advautage; for 
the mearare, like bhmk verse, tbos acquire!' a greater variety. 
It may posftibiy be ol>jected, that the four fir^t feet are not 
metrical enough in their effect, and the two hist too much so, 
1 io not feel tbe objection; but it has been itiivanced by one 
whose opinion upon any question, and especially upon a ques- 
tion of poetry, would make me distrust my own, where it 
hftppenedto be different. Lastly, tl.e f!f>ul'ie-er><iing maybe 
oeusored as double rhymes used to be; but tbut ubjeciion be- 
kngi to the duncery. 

On the other hand, the ranpe of the verse being from thir- 
taeo syllables to seventeen, it derives from that nmge an 
ftdvftntage in the union of variety with regularity, which is 
peculiar to itself. The capability which i« tliu? gained may 
peiliftps be better appreciated by a few readen*, from their 
own sense of power, than it is exemplified in the experiment. 

I do not, however, pre-^ent the English hexameter as some- 
thing better than our e«tabli^hed metres, but as something 
different, and which therefore, for that re.n-^n, may sometimes 
ftdTantageously be used. Take our blank verte for stll in all, 
in all its gradations, from tlie elaborate rhythm of Milton down 
to its loosest structure in the early dramnti«'t*, and I l»elieve 
that there is no measure comparable to it, either in onr own or 
in any other language, for might and maje>ty and flexibility 

* It kadf also to thif inrcnTenieoce, — that thr Enplirti Ilnf greatly 
caieseds tbe ancient one in literal length : sn that it i^ artuatlT too long 
Ibr any page, If printed in type* of tbe ordinary proportion to the rise 
of the book, whaterer that may be. The same inconrenience was fbr> 
merly felt !n that fine mearare of the ElizaWthan age, the oeren-fttoted 
roaplct: vhich, to the diuiinntion of it« powers, wiui for that rrason 
divided Into qoatrainii (the p»u9e generHlI^ falling upon the eighth 
iTfUable). and then conrerted into the rommon bAliad-ftania. The 
liezaneter eaooot be thuii divided, and therrfitre mu»t generally look 
neither like prone aor i<tetry. Thi^ i!< noticed a^ merely a dUdght, 
and ct oo moment; our poetr>- not bei'tt;, like that of the Chines, ad- 
to the eye Infflead of the ecir. 

VOL. X. 




194 sodthey's poems. 

Riid compnM. And this fs tfliiiDed, not at the pnaileotkiii of 
a young writer, or the preference of one inexperieneed ia the 
difBcolties of compoeitiou, but as an opinkm fomned and ooih 
finned during the ]oug and diligent study, and the kmg and 
laborious practice, of tlie art. But I am satisfied, also, that 
the English hexameter is a legitimate and good measure, with 
which our literature ought to be enriched. 

^Iflntsdrtntors: IhUow me who lift! ** 

m. 

I am well aware that the public are peculiarly intolerant 
of such innoTations; not less so than the populace used to 
be of any foreign fashion, whether of foppery or oonTenienoe. 
Would tliat this literary intolerance were under the influence 
of a saner judgment, and regarded the morals more than the 
manner of a composition; the spirit rather than the form! 
Wouldtliat it were directed against those monstrous combioftr.. 
tions of liorrors and mocker^-, lewdness and impiety, with 
which English pootrj' hu.«, in our diiy.«, first been polluted! 
For more than halt' a century, English Ittcniture had lM?en 
di!«tingiiishuil by its monil purity, — the effect, and in itA turn 
the cause, of an improvement in national manners. A father 
nii^ht, without apprehension of evil, have put into the hands 
of his children any book which issued from the pres9, if it did 
not bear, eitlier in its title])n^e or frontispiece, manilb^t ^i>?ns 
that it was inten«lcil as furniture for tiie brothel. There was 
no danger in any work which bore the name of a respectable 
publij^her, or was to bo procured at any respectable bookseller's. 
This wa:> particularly the c.isu with regard to our poetry. It 
is now no longer so; and woe to thase by whom the offence 
cometh ! The greater the talents of the offender, the greater is 
his guilt, aiiil the more enduring will be his shame. Whether 
It 1)6 that fTie laws are in themselves unable to abate an evil 
of this magniiu-le, or whether it be that they are remi6*»ly nd- 
minlstoreij. ami with such injustice that the celebrity of an 
offentler serves as a privilege whereby he obtains impunity, 
in<livi'lu:iN are bound to consider that such peniicious works 
would neither be pul'li>lie*l nor written, if they were diitcou- 
raged Hs they might and ought to be by public feeling. Every 



PREFACE fO VlblOX OF JUDGMENT. 195 

person, therefore, who purchases such books, or udmits them 
intu his house, promotes the mischief, and thereby, as far us 
in liim lie«, becomes an aider and abettor of the crime. 

The publication of a lascivious book is one of the worst 
offences that can be committed against the well-being of soci- 
ety. It is a sin, to the consequences of which no limits can be 
assigned; and those consequences no after-repentunce in the 
writer can counteract. Whatever remorse of conscience he 
may feel when bis hour comes (and come it must!) will be of 
no avail. The poignancy of a death-bed repentance cimnot 
cancel one copy of the thousands which are sent abroad; and 
as loDg as it continues to be read, so long is he the pander of 
posterity, and so long is he heaping up guilt upon his soul in 
perpetual accumulation. 

These remarks are not more severe than the offence de- 
serves, even when applied to those immoral writers who have 
not been conscious of any evil intention in their writings, who 
would acknowledge a little levity, a little warmth of coloring, 
and so forth, in that sort of htnguage with which men gloss 
over their favorite vices, and deceive themselves. What, then, 
should be said of those for whom the thoughtlessness and in- 
ebriety of wanton youth can no longer be pleaded, but who 
have written in sober man hoo<l, and with deliberate pur|>ose? 
— men of diseased* hearts and depraved imnginsitions, who, 

* '^ Summi poeta hi omul poctarum ssdcuIo Tiri fuorunt probi : Id 
DOfitris id Tidimus ct vidcinu.^; noque :ilius est error a Toritate longiaa 
quJou nmgna ingenia inagnis nccessario corrumpi vitiis. ScK'undo pie- 
rlque poMthiihent priuniui, hi inalij^nitate, illi ignomntiil; et quuni 
aliquem inveniiint styll morumqiie vitiig notitum, nee inflcetiim 
tameii nee In Hbris edendis parcuin, cum stipaut, prntvlicant. occupant, 
amplcctuntur. Si mores aH<[uantiiluni Tellet corrii^ore, 5i 0tylum cu- 
rare panlulum, ri fervido ingenio tem|>emre, si nione tantillum inter- 
ponere, turn ingcns ne»cio quid et vert^ epieuin, quadmginta annoa 
natas, procuderet. Ignorant ven^ febriculis non indicari vires, impa- 
tientiam ab imbeiriUitate non dilTerre ; ignorant a leTi bomlne et 
Inconstante multa forta.«ii6 scribi posso phu^quam niodiocria, nihil 
eompo«ituiu, arduum, fptornum/' — S<ivajrius fjcnUor r De Cultu tOque 
Um fjalini Sermonis, p. 19T. 

This esmy, which h full of flne critical remarks and striking 
tionghts fellcitouBly expreettcd, reached me from Pisa, while the proof 



spirit of Bolial in their liiscivioi 
M">luch in tlK»-c loatli-oine iniag 
vhicli thoy (ieli;ziit to ivpresent, tli 
racterizc'd by a satanic sjjirit of ]>ri 
^ which still betrays tiie wretched let 

J with it is allied. 

^ This evil is political as well as 

and political evils are inseparably 
been affirmed by one of our ablest 
that " the destruction of government 
daced from the general corruption 
as a direct and natuml cause therec 
certain as any in tlie mnthemattcs.** 
frequently enforced by Machiavelli, tl 
ners of a people are generally corrupt 
cannot long subsist, — a truth which all 
there is no means whereby that com 
and rapidly difTused as by poisoning tl 
Let rulers of the State look to thi 
the words of South, if " our physician 
cuHny a disease is io pamper it, the Lr 
kingdom to suffer what he by rtiiracle 
No apology is offered for these rer 
to them ; and the occasion of introdu 

of the pre«ent sheet was before me. Of 
"Gebir" and "Count Julian*'), I will on] 
have obtained bis approbation as a poet, a 
as » man, will h* — — 



PREFACK fO VI&IOX OF JUDGMENT. 195 

persoMf therefore, who purcha.«es such books, or udmits them 
into his house, promotes the mischief, and thereby, as fiu* as 
io him lies, becomes an aider and abettor of the crime. 

The publication of a lascivious book is one of the worst 
offences that can be committed against the well-being of soci- 
ety. It is a sin, to the consequences of which no limits can be 
af signed; and those consequences no af^er-repeutance in the 
writer can counteract. Whatever remorse of conscience he 
may feel when bis hour comes (and come it must!) will be of 
DO avail. The poignancy of a death-bed repentance cannot 
cancel one copy of the thousands which are sent abix>ad ; and 
as long as it continues to be read, so long is he the pander of 
posterity, and so long is he heaping up guilt upon hid soul in 
perpetual accumulation. 

These remarks are not more severe than the oflfence de- 
•erves, even when applied to those immoral writers who have 
not been conscious of any evil intention in their writings, who 
would acknowledge a little levity, a little warmth of coloring, 
and 80 forth, in that sort of langnago with which men gloss 
over their favorite vices, and deceive themselves. What, then, 
ehoald be said of those for whom the thoughtlessness and in- 
ebriety of wanton youth can no longer be pleaded, but who 
have written in sober manhood, and with deliberate purpose? 
•—men of diseased* hearts and depraved imaginations, who, 

• "Summi poet«B in omiii poetaruin sccculo viri fucrunt probi: la 
oottrls id rldiiuus et Tideinus ; noque alius iwt error a Tcrituto loiigias 
qaJUn magna ingeuia inagnis uvccs>ario corruuipi Titiis. 5k>oun(lo pie* 
rlqae poiithnb«nt priiiuiin, hi inalignitate, illi ignorantil; ct quum 
allqoem inyeniiint styll nioruinque rU\h notatum, ner inflc^tum 
tamen nee In Hbris edendis imrouni. eum stfpaut, prie<licant, occopant, 
amplectuntur. Si uton's aliiiuantnlum relict corriKere, si stylum ea> 
ran paalulum, si fervido Ingvnio teiupcrare, si moras tantlUum ioter- 
ponere, tum iDgens nosrio quid et ver^ epicum, quadraglnta annot 
natas, procnderet. Ignomnt vcri^ feltriculla nou ludlrari Tires, Impa- 
ti«ntiam ab lm1>erillitAte non difTcrre ; ignomnt a icvl homlne et 
liieonitante multa fortaMw tM*riM poMe ptusquam modiocria, nihil 
eompo e ltoro, arduum, nt4>rnuni/'— Savajrius iMindor • i)e Cultu at^ue 
Utm IjUtmi Sermonvi, p. 19T. 

This easaj, wlilrh {n fiill of flne critical romnrks and striking 
iMNlghts iiUcitoasly expreewd, reached me flrom Pisa, while the proof 



IDG SOCrBEl's POEMS. 

fonniiigk ifrlem of oiiiiiiom to atiil thalr own unluppjr n 
of cimilaol, bnva relisllKd acinic tka holiett onlioi 
humnn eacl«[]', and, liftiiiig that reTenlod rallKion, wliioli, «; 
>ll llielr eflbrti and bMvadoca, they art uiiitilc oiitiraly H 
bdlcve, labor In niika cithen n* mlnenilile u tliiiniwIv*i,Uj 
iureeling them wiih ■ moral vlnu Ihut mti 
Th« Mbaal wliioh timy have ut np Dmy jiropcrlf b« «j 
Uic Sataiiio Scbeot; liir Ihiiugb tliair i>tTiiliutl< 
(plrlc or BelUI in their laHiTlonn pnrU, nn'l llin ipuJh^ 
Holuab in tliaM Imthtota* Iniugn of atrociiln ■ 
irblob th«y d«tigbl lo npreauit, thay are more eepec 
nctarjiad bf a Htaiiic Ji|iirit of pride uii] aailicimu Impfl 
whleh atill lielrayi tha oreWliad faeliDgorhopcleai 
-with It fa allied. 

Thii evil la political m veil u moralj Tor, iiidmt, I 
and jHiIilicul evila an ![]>epHmUj coiinecled. Truly b 
bwn affirmed by on* of our ubleit Bnil deal 
tint "tlio deitnallan of gOYemmeiita mny b* pniiad a 
dDc«d fraro lh( getienl comiplion of llie mbjaclt' raau 
a* a direct »iid nalnnil eam* iherwf, by ■ demoiHintioi 
e«rlaiD u any in Ibe iniUbcniBUa." Tbo'e la no n 
n:eqUEat)y onfurcol by HiiehiavelU, tlian tlinl, wba 
Mr* of a peojila are genemlly corrupted, theni the gntm 
euiiuilloiis «ubii(t,— ■ tiatb nblch nil bu toi; •xeii>pU)i«*i n 
Ibere ii no meuu tilicrcby ibnt corm[itiou et 
and rapidly dlffliMtl at by pdaoning the waten of liter 

L«t mier> of the Sinte look to tlili In tlma. But, M 
the mrdsor Snulh, If " onr pbyilclana Chink lb* bMt wi^ 
(mt-ing • itiHate il to/mmfier II, the Lord in niHroy pnpa 
kl-i|[<liHu II) autrsr ttlisl he by HilnuUe only cnn 

Ko Hpology !■ oflbrvd (br tbme rctnnrkt. Tbo tntyoo 
to Uiemt and the ocoailou of lnUoJuGli>|) tliei 






t |th> I 



FBEFACE TO ri2,10K OF Jri»GMEKT, 107 

mkBu, becaose i: i« the iju:y of even- one, miioM> opiimm in»y 
hmvt any mfliuuir^ tc exjkk^e tae drit: luid aim of thcto«e 
vcitsis wito an; iaiMsrai^ u >ui>ven tht luuiidiiiioiij' oi iiumuii 
Tiitue mul of humoii L^ji]»iat:st». 

rv. 

SfltnrDtng to the jioiut from whence I difn^^wed, I urn awara, 
not only that auy nietricai iuuovutiui. wiiich nlet•.:^ il\t eye nC 
the reader genenu.3- provoker tin- dispiensure, hu: that there 
prevaih> a }>articuhir prejudice :tpuuAt the- introduction o( 
hezameterb iit uur hmgua^b. Ttje exi»erimeut, it i> ullo^cLi 
wan tried in the ELztitK'Lnan ajr^ auu ia;ievif ih(>u|rU miuie 
wider the greutei»t fio^itiie a£:vantugb^ oi fuvor; beinn en> 
oonraged bv the great piuron of ljterttrun^ Sir Philip Sidney 
(in letterb, as weL u> 11 ull other ucromjdihliincnts and all vir* 
tae&, the most illu>:nt'u« urnameLl of that illustrioufi court), 
and by the Queen hert^elf. 

That attempt failed, l>ecaiifte it was made ujton a M>hcme 
wiiioh ineritaiily preventcKi it» success. Ni- princljtle of 
adaption waf> tried. Sidney and hl& followers m ishcd to sub- 
ject the Englii^b pronunciation to the ruie> of Lmm }>raM'Kly; 
but, if it be difficult to reconcile the public to a new tune in 
Tex«e, it h plainly impo>s:ble to reconcile tlicm to a new* pro- 
nonciation. There wa» the further oi»tjic-le of unu^iu.'U and 
▼ioleot eiifjou^; and, moreover, the easy and natunU dnler of 
our speech was difetortea by the fix-qncMt u?k? i»f forced inver- 
lioos, which are utterly iuiprciper iu hii u:dndcotcd lan^a^. 
£▼60 if the 8ubjecti> fur the ex^^erinient hud in^n judiciou>ly 
choMtD, and well compo^ed in all other r(ts{H*ct«, the.<c errors 
■niftt hive beeu fatjt!; but Sidney, who^-e pnise is (O full of 
ioiafery and felicitous exprea^Hion> that he i> one i»f our grtttt- 
•itpoetft in proM, and whi>>e other poems contain beauties oft 

• Per example : — 
^ neither bs basrs zeTerrnw to » prince, nor pity to k h^egar. 
That to my advaoennf nt thrir wimlontf hsT» me shaaed. 
Well may s paittor pUin ; but. aUui ! hbi plaints be not istesmed. 
ifprmwd with ralnoas eonceitt by the help of an outerj. 
Despair, — mont trsgtcal clause to a deadly reqnwt. 
Bsid liks a rich marble ; hard, but a tklr dismAud.** 



200 



SOUTHET's P0EX8. 



imicticnbility of the hexameter were giTen, about twenty xtnn 
figo, by some translations from the ^ Messiah ** of Klopstock, 
which appeared iu the ** Monthly Magazine/* and by an 
eclogue, entitled "The Showman," printed In the 8e(K>nd 
volume of the " Annual Anthology.** These were written b}' 
my old friend Mr. William Taylor, of Norwich, the translator 
of Burger's " Lenora ; ** of whom it would bo difficult to say, 
whether he is more deservedly admired by all who know him 
for the viiriety of his talents, the richness and ingenuity of his 
discourse, and the liveliness of his fancy, or loved and esteemed 
by them for the goodness of his heart. In repeating the expe- 
riment upon a more adequate scale, and upon a subject suited 
to the movement, I have fulfilled one of the hopes and inten- 
ticus of my early life. 



A VISION OF JUDGMENT. 



THE TRANCE. 

TwAS at that sober hour when the light of day is 

receding, 
And from surrounding things the hues wherewith 

day has adorned them 
Fade, like the hopes of youth, till the beauty of 

earth is departed, — 
Pensive, though not in thought, I stood at the win- 
dow, beholding 
Mountain and lake and vale; the valley disrobed 

of its verdure ; 
Derwent retaining yet from eve a glassy reflection, 
Where his expanded breast, then still and smooth 

as a mirror. 
Under the woods reposed ; the hills that, calm and 

migestic, 
Lifted their heads in the silent sky, from far Gla- 

ramara, 
Bleacrag, and Maidenmawr, to Grizedal and west- 

ermost Withop. 



202 southet's poems. 

Dark and distinct tliej rose. The donds Lad ga- 
thered above them 
High in the middle air, — huge, purple, pillowy 

masses; 
While in the west beyond was the last pale tint of 

the twilight, 
Green as a stream in the glen whose pure and 

chrysolite waters 
Flow o'er a schistous bed, and serene as the age of 

the righteous. 
Earth was hushed and still ; all motion and sound 

were suspended: 
Neither man was heard, bird, beast, nor humming 

of insect, — 
Only the voice of the Greta, heard only when all 

is in stillness. 
Pensive I stood, and alone ; the hour and the scene 

had subdued me ; 
And as I gazed in the west, where Infinity seemed 

to be open, 
Yearned to be free from time, and felt that this life 

is a thraldom. 

Thus as I stood, the bell, which awhile from its 

warning had rested. 
Sent forth its note again, toll, toll, through the ^i- 

lence of evening. 
'Tis a deep, dull sound, that is heavy and mournful 

at all times ; 
For it tells of mortality always. But heavier this daj 



▲ VISION OF JUDGMENT. 203 

Fell on the conscious ear its deeper and moamfiiler 
import; 

Yea, in the heart it sunk: for this was the day 
when the herald, 

Breaking his wand, should proclaim that George 
our King was departed. 

"Thou art released!" I cried; "thy soul is deli- 
vered from bondage I 

Thou who hast lain so long in mental and visual 
darkness. 

Thou art in yonder heaven I thy place is in light 
and in glory." 

" Gome, and behold ! " methought a startling 

Voice from the twilight 
Answered; and therewithal I felt a stroke as of 

lightning, 
With a sound like the rushing of winds or the 

roaring of waters. 
If from without it came, I knew not, so sudden the 

seizure ; 
Or if the brain itself in that strong flash had expended 
All its electric stores. Of strength and of thought 

it berefr me ; 
Hearing and sight and sense were gone ; and when 

I awakened, 
Twas from a dream of death, in silence and utter- 
most darkness ; 
Knowing not where or how, nor if I was rapt in the 

body, 



204 bouthet'b poems. 

Nor if entranced, or dead. Bat all around me was 

blackness, 
Utterly blank and void, as if this ample creation 
Had been blotted out, and I were alone in the 

chaos. 
Yet had I even then a living hope to sustain me 
Under that awful thought, and I strengthened my 

spirit with prayer. 

Comfort I sought and support, and both were 

found in retiring 
Into that inner world, the soul's strong-hold and her 

kingdom. 
Then came again the Voice; but then, no longer 

appalling, 
Like the voice of a friend it came : " son of the 

Muses ! 
Be of good heart," it said, " and think not that thou 

art abandoned ; 
For to thy mortal sight shall the Grave unsbadow 

its secrets, 
Such as of yore the Florentine saw, Hell's peril- 
ous chambers 
He who trod in his strength; and the arduous 

Mountain of Penance, 
And the regions of Paradise, sphere within sphere 

intercircled. 
Child of earth, look up I and behold what passes 

before thee." 



▲ TI8I0N OF JUDGMENT. 205 



n. 

THE VAULT. 

So bj the Unseen comforted, raised I my head in 

obedience, 
And in a vault I found myself placed, arched over 

on all sides. 
Narrow and low was that house of the dead. 

Around it were coffins. 
Each in its niche, and palls and urns and funeral 

hatchments ; 
Velvets of Tyrian dye, retaining their hues un- 

faded; 
Blazonry vivid still, as if fresh from the touch of 

the limner ; 
Nor was the golden fringe nor the golden broidery 

tarnished. 

Whence came the light whereby that place of 
death was discovered? 

For there was there no lamp, whose wondrous flame 
inextinguishcd, 

As with a vital power endued, renewing its sub- 
stance. 

Age afler age unchanged, endureth in self-subsist- 
ence; 

Nor did the cheerful beam of day, direct or re« 
fleeted, 



206 sottthet's POBxeu 

Penetrate there. That low and subterranean 

chamber 
Saw not the living ray, nor felt the breeze ; but for 

ever, 
Closely immured, was sealed in perpetual silence 

and darkness. 
Whence, then, this lovely light, calm, pure, and soft 

and cerulean, 
Such as the sapphire sheds ? And whence this air 

that infuses 
Strength while I breathe it in, and a sense of life, 

and a stillness. 
Filling the heart with peace, and giving a joy that 

contents it? 
Not of the Earth that light ; and these paradisiacal 

breathings, 
Not of the Earth are they. 

These thoughts were passing within me, 
When there arose around a strain of heavenly music. 
Such as the hermit hears when Angels visit his 

slumberg. 
Faintly it first began, scarce heard ; and gentle its 

rising, 
Low as the softest breath that passes in summer at 

evening 
O'er the .^k>lian strings, felt there when nothing is 

moving. 
Save the thistle-down, lighter than air, and the leaf 

of the aspen. 



A VISION OF JUDGMEjrr. 207 

Then, as it swelled and rose, the thrilling melody 

deepened; 
Such, methought, should the music he which i^ 

heard in the cloister, 
Bj the sisterhood standing around the beatifieil 

Virgin, 
When with her djing eyes she sees the firmament 

open. 
Lifts from the bed of dust her arms towards her 

beloved. 
Utters the adorable name, and breathes out her 

soul in a rapture. 

Well could I then believe such legends, and 
well could I credit 

All that the poets old relate of Amphion and Or- 
pheus, — 

How to melodious sounds wild beasts their strength 
have surrendered, 

Men were reclaimed from the woods, and stones in 
harmonious order 

Moved, as their atoms obeyed the mysterious attrac- 
tion of concord. 

This was a higher strain ; a mightier, holier virtue 

Came with its powerful tones. O'ercome by the 
piercing emotion, 

Dizzy I grew, and it seemed as though my soul 
were disssolviiig. 

Mow might I bear unmoved such sounds? For, 
like as the va|)ors 



208 southet's posies. 

Melt on the mountain-«dey when the son omnes 

forth in his splendor. 
Even 80 the vaulted roof and whatever was earthly 
Faded awaj: the Grave was gone, and the Dead 

was awakened. 



m. 

THE AWAKENINa 

Then I beheld the King. From a dood which 

covered the pavement. 
His reverend form uprose : heavenward his face was 

directed, 
Heavenward his eyes were raised, and heavenward 

his arms were extended. 
" Lord, it is past ! " he cried ; " the mist and the 

weight and the darkness, — 
That long and weary night, that long, drear dream 

of deseition. 
Fatlier, to Thee I come ! My days have been many 

and evil. 
Heavy my burden of care, and grievous hath been 

my aflliction. 
Thou hast released me at length. O Lord 1 in Thee 

have I trusted : 
Thou art my hope and my strength I " And then, 

in profound adoration, 
Crassing his arms on his breast, he bent and wor- 
shipped in silence. 



A TI8I02I OF JUDGMEKT. 209 

Presentlj ooe approached to greet him with joj- 
fill obeisance, — 

He of whom, in an hour of woe, the assassin be- 
reaved us, 

When his counsels most, and his resolute virtue, 
were needed. 

•* Thou," said the Monarch, " here? Thou, Perce- 
val, summoned before me ? ** 

Then, as his wakened mind to the weal of his coun- 
try reverted, 

What of his son, he asked, what course by the 
Prince had been followed. 

*^ Right in his Father's steps hath the Regent trod," 
was the answer : 

^ Firm hath he proved and wise, at a time when 
weakness or error 

Would have sunk us in shame, and to ruin have 
hurried us headlong. 

True to himself hath he been, and Heaven has 
rewarded his counsels." 

** Peace is obtained then, at last, with safety and 

honor ! " the Monarch 
Cried, and he clasped his hands : <* I thank Thee, 

O merciful Father ! 
Now is my heart's desire fiilfiUed." 

^ With honor surpassing 
All that in elder time had adorned the annals of 
England, 

VOL. X. P 



210 aouTHEr's poems. 

f eAce hatU been won hj llie sword," the fiiitlifnl 

inioister auswered. 
" Fans balh seeu oQce more the banners of England 

iu triumph 
Wave wilbin her nali^, and ihe undent liaaa 

eslablii>beil ; 
While that man of blood, the tyraol, fiiUhless a 

godless, 
Reodei-ed at length the ^port, as long the Diiulou, 

of Fortune, 

Fai' away, confined in a rocky tale of Ihe oce«tif 
Fights his battles again, and, pleased to win ii 

chamber 
What be lost in the lieid, in fancy conquers his 

conqueror. 
There he reviles his foes, and there the ungrateful 

accuses, 
For his own defaults, the men who too faithfully 

served him ; 
Frets and complains and intrigues, and abuses the 

meri:y that spared Iiim. 
Oh that my King could have known these things!— 

could have witnessed how England 
CherJced in iu futl career tlie force of hex enei 

empire! 
Singly defied his anna and his arl^ and bullied tliem 

eiugly ! 
Roused from their lethal sleep, with the e 

example, the nalJons; 



A YI8IOK OF JUDGMENT. 211 

And the refluent tide swept him and his fortune 

before it. 
Oh that mj King, ere he died, might have seen the 

fruit of his counsels ! " 

^Naj, it is better thus," the Monarch piouslj 

answered : 
^ Here I can bear the joy ; it comes as an earnest 

of Heaven. 
Righteous art Thou, O Lord! long-suffering, but 

sure are thy judgments." 

Then having paused awhile, like one in devotion 
abstracted. 

Earthward his thoughts recurred, so deeply the care 
of his country 

Lay in that royal soul reposed; and he said, ^Is 
the spirit 

Quelled which hath troubled the land? and the 
multitude freed from delusion, 

Know they their blessings at last, and are they con- 
tented and tliankful ? " 

^ Still is that fierce and restless spirit at work," 

was the answer ; 
*^ Still it deceiveth the weak, and inflameth the rash 

and the desperate. 
Even now, I ween, some dreadful deed is preparing ; 
For the Souls of the Wicked are loose, and the 

Powers of Evil 



212 SOUTHEY'b POEK8. 

Move on the wing alert Some nascent horror they 

look for, 
Be sare ! — some acoursdd conception of filth and 

of darkness 
Ripe for its monstrous birth. Whether France or 

Britain be threatened, 
Soon will the issue show ; or if both at once are 

endangered, — 
For Mrith the ghosts obscene of Robespierre, Danton, 

and Hebert, 
Faux and Despard I saw, and the band of rabid 

fanatics, 
Thej whom Tenner led, who, rising in frantic re- 
bellion, 
Made the Redeemer's name their cry of slaughter 

and treason." 



IV. 
THE GATE OF HEAVEN. 

Thus as he spake, methought the surrounding space 

dilated. 
Overhead I beheld the infinite ether ; beneath us 
Lay the solid expanse of the firmament spread like 

a pavement : 
Wlieresoover I looked, there was light and glory 

around me. 



▲ V1510X or jri>GMEx-T. 213 

Brightest it seemed in the East, where the Xeir 

Jerusalem glitiered. 
Eminent on a hill, there stood the Celestial City : 
Beaming afar it shone; its towers and cupolas 



High in the air sei^ne, with the brightness of gold 
in the furnace, 

Where on their breadth the splendor laj intense 
and quiescent: 

Part with a fierier glow, and a short, qm<^ tremu- 
lous modon. 

Like the burning pjropus ; and turrets and pinna- 
cles sparkled, 

Plajing in jets of light, with a diamond-like glorv 
coruscant. 

Oroves of all hues of green their foliage intermin- 
gled, 

Tempering with grateful shade the else unendura- 
ble lustre. 

Drawing near, I beheld what over the portal was 
written. 

^ This is the Gate of Bliss," it said : *^ through me 
is the passage 

To the City of God, the abode of beatified Spirits. 

Weariness is not there, nor change nor sorrow nor 
parting ; 

Time hath no place therein, nor evil. Yc who 
would enter. 

Drink of the Well of Life, and put awaj all that is 
eorthlj." 



ullered, the Winds, 



214 BOLTHKYS poe; 

O'er liie ailamantiiie gates an Angel slood on ihe 

"Ho!" he exclaimed, *' King George of Eiiglaj 

oometh to judgment 1 
Hear, Heaven ! Ye Angela, hearl Souls of |] 

Good and the Wiclted, 
Whom it concerns, attend ! Thou, HeD, bring ibrlb 

As the 

who were waiting, 
Bore it abroad ihrough Heave 

nelhermost caverns, 
Heard, and obeyed in dismay. 

Anon a body of splet 
Gathered before Ihe gate, and veiled the lael 

Presence, 
Wliich, with ft nuhiog of wings, came down. 

aeniient ether 
Shook with that dreud descent, and the solid fl 

ment trenibied. 
Round the eloud were the Orders of Heaven,! 

Archangel unit Angel, 
PrineipaUly, Cherub and Seraph, T)in 

nations, 
Virtues, and Powers. Tlie SouU of the i 

whom Death bath made perfout, 
Flocking on either hand, a multitudinous anaj, 
Came at the awAil call. In semicircle !QdiiiiDg^<4 
Tier over tier ihey took place : aloR, in the dUta 



A VISION OF JL'DGMSNT. 215 

Far as the sight could pierce, that glorious company 
glistened. 

From the skirts of the shining assembly, a silvery 
vapor 

Kosc in the blue serene, and moving onward it 
deepened, 

Taking a denser form; the while, from the oppo- 
site region. 

Heavy and sulphurous clouds rolled on, and com- 
pleted the circle. 

There, with the Spirits accurst, in congenial dark- 
ness enveloped, 

Were the Souls of the Wicked, who, wilful in guilt 
and in error. 

Chose the service of sin, and now were abiding its 
wages. 

Change of place to them brought no reprieval from 
anguish ; 

They, in their evil thoughts and desires of impotent 
malice, 

£iivy and hate, and bla«^phemous rage, and remorse 
unavailing, 

Carried a Hell within, to which all outer afiliction — 

So it abstracted the sense — might be deemed a 
remission of torment. 

At the edge of the cloud, the Princes of Dai-kness 
were marshalled : 

Dindy descried within were wings and truculent faces ; 

And in the thick obscure there struggled a mutinous 
uproar, 



216 southet's pobms. 

Railing and fdrj and Btrift^ tbat the whde deep 
body of darkness 

BoUed like a troubled sea, with a iiide and a mani- 
fold motion. 



V. 
THE ACCUSERS. 

On the cerulean floor, by that dread circle sur- 
rounded. 

Stood the soul of the King alone. In front wa«« 
the Presence, 

Veiled with excess of light ; and behind was the 
blackness of darkness. 

Then might be seen the strength of holiness ; then 
was its triumph : 

Calm in his faith he stood, and his own clear con- 
science upheld him. 

When the trumpet was blown, and the Angel 

made proclamation, — 
" Lo, where the King appears I Come forward, ye 

who arraign him ! " — 
Forth from the lurid cloud a Demon came at the 

summons. 
It was the Spirit by which his righteous reign had 

been troubled ; 



A VISION OF JUDGMENT. 217 

Likest in form uncouth to the hideous Idols whom 
India 

(Long hy guihy neglect to hellish delusions aban- 
doned) [torture. 

Worships with horrible rites of self-immolation and 

Many-headed and monstrous the Fiend ; with num- 
berless faces, 

Numberless bestial ears erect to all rumors, and 
restless. 

And with numberless mouths which were filled with 
lies as with arrows. 

Clamors arose as he came, a confusion of turbulent 
voices, 

Maledictions, and blatant tongues, and viperous 
hisses; 

And in the hubbub of senseless sounds the watch- 
words of faction. 

Freedom, Invaded Rights, Corruption, and War 
and Oppression, 

Loodlj enounced, were heard. 

But, when he stood in the Presence, 

Then was the Fiend dismayed, though with impu- 
dence clothed as a garment ; 

And the lying tongues were mute, and the lips 
which h^d scattered 

Aecusation and slander were still. No time for 
evasion 

This, in the Presence he stood : no place for flight; 
for dissembling. 



SorTItKY 3 POEMS. 



From the eouls on the vigt 
I nnd ngents of 



318 

No po^biliiy there. 

of the (larkiices, 
Two ho produced, prime morei 

miechiefi find bnilc tliem 
fifaovr themselves railbtul now lo the i-uu.^ tor 

which thejr tiad labored. 
Wretched and guihy souls, where now ihoir nu- 

dacily ? Where now 
Are the insolent tongues bo ready of old at rejoinder? 
Where ibe lofty pretences of public virtue luxl 

freedom ? 
Where the gibe and the jeer and the ihrcat, iho 

envenomed invective, 
CWunuiy, falsehood, fraud, and the whole smmuni- 

Wrelebed Mid guilty souls, 

of tbeir Sovereign, 
Conscious sad self-eondemocd ; confronted wiib fal 



At the Jadgr 



t they stood. 



BehoUing I lie fbrcm 
Uim, b; the cast of liis eye oblique, I knew aa 

firebrand 
Whom the unthinking populace betd for their id ol 

and hero, 
Lord of Misrule in hu day. Bill how t 

countenance altered 
Where emotion of fear or of shame had never b 

witnu^ed ; 



A TBiOff or jri»Giinrx. 219 

That imriBcifak finebflui; aauuecl: anc tbose erv 



Qaee laid tieeL won: u> ahizH^ witi wi; and hiiaritT 



IiOD iioir dee^i it <;ioaiL Uteir mouniiul ezpressiar. 

fauj Aettkd: 
Litik sraikd i: now tiia: no: &aiL & pnrpost* mii- 

linnaxn. 
Koc witL ex'il musninUfc imc cboneii xhf eeT-vioe of evil. 
But of iiir owi. desire? Utt aiavt;. witL profiumi^ 

S(^h h^ H;]ii*iiiH5^ moved, aoc reckleK of aurrh: 

tiia: migii; tuliow. 
Could li«r uieati ii our excu.rf- e canieasum of faa^t-- 

Could iHr iiidt tii' exreu: of hi^ giiih. or hap* u- 

atom for 
Factioii exciiec a: home. wbeL aL old ieud- werf 

abated. 
Insnrectiui. a'unxid. uik'. tiif trail, of wue^ that hac 

fuliowed r 
DiBOonteni and QJ*i(»varT. YiKi tin leeii. of thf 

He had ewiwL or ti« wind- : tLev iiad rineiied hf^ 

Tuud tiie Aiiantir : 
Titfl&ire ii.' uuiura. ijirtL. ^ediiioLi. n^^nt;. rt^volution ; 
Frauct- Lac' r»".*'.i"^>'t tii* ?v*'d'. and rt-ajH-d iht ha7- 



ve*' ot ilo^ro^^ 



Wliere — wiit^r* ?uouid tlit pla^t bt stnTed ! Ou. 
niusi iv hi iiiiied 



220 SOtlTDET'a POEMS. 

Tbe^ of all souls in bale, wbo see no lerm (o the evil 

They by their guilt Uave PMsed, — no end to Ihcir 
inner upbraid! ngs I 



Him I couM not choose but know, nor knowing 

but grieve for. 
Wbo might the other be, his comrade in giiilt and 

in suffering. 
Brought to )he (iroor like him, and shrinking like 

him from the trial P 
Nameless (he libeller Uved, and cliot his arrows '| 

darkness ; 
Undetecte^l lie passed to the gra^^i """J leaving b 

hind him 
Noxious works on eartb, and the pest of an evil 

example, 
Went lo the world beyond, where 

hidden. 
Miisked had lie been in his life ; and now a visor of . 



for ever. 

Speechless the slanderer stood, mid turned bis i 

from tlie Monarch, 
Iron-bound as it was, — so insupporlably drc^ad 

S<K)n or liilp, lo conscious guilt, is the eye of 



" Cailiff* ! 



5 ye dumb ? " cried the multifactf 
n anger. 




ATiajoF or JCi'GMian. 221 

'Hunk yt, thai, br §hamt: u shonei. the term rf 

yoQT penauw ? 
B*^ tD jonr penal 6sa: '. ' And. witb hanihle 



Hnrkd tbem aS abruad. fax inio iLe snlphnTDiiE 
iajkm:ii~ 

Sons of Faoiou. Ire vani»d ' And rt, Tt Slan- 
derer^ ! learn ve 

Justice, and bear iti miud tliui afrer death dterc is 



judj 
» hli-lmg airar llier fifw, Kor lone binyelf did 

£ic from dit gTDmid wbere h« iiiaod. canglit op by 

a febffmeni whiriwini 
He, toti, ira» hurried BwaT : and tbe Uasu with 

ligLlnmg and diiinde.- 
Tcdk^ing ari^Li and alfdl amid the accnmolaie 

blaekne^«, 
Seatlered it; iumatef ittxursi. and Wrond tbe limits 

(^etbcT 
DnFTc tbe hircine boiii ohg^oeat : tber. hoirlinf and 

groaning, 
Fell, predpitaie. dowii lo ibcir dolatviu.« place of 

endurance. 
Then was the region dear : ihe arro»r Dasfaea 

which redden<-d 
lliroDgfa ibe fonl, thick throng, like sheelcd ai;genu7 

floating 



SSS aOTJTBKT'fl PORXS. 

Now o'er the blue serene, diffused an innocuons 

splendor, 
ht the inflnite dying awaj. The roll of the thunder 
Ceased, and all sounds were hushed j till agaiii 

from the gate adamantine 
Was the voice of the Angel heard through the 

silence of HeaTen. 



THE ABSOLVERS. 

" Ho ! " he exclaimed, " King George of Eiig1:uid 

Btandeih in judi^entl 
Hell hath been dumb in his presence. Ye wlio on 

eartli arraigned him, 
Come ye before hira now, and here accuse or 

absolve him ! 
For injustice haili here no place." 

From tlie Soiila of Ihc Blessed 

Some were (here Ilien who ndvanced ; and more 
from the skirts of ihe meeting, — 

Spirits who hud nol yet accomplished their puri- 
fication ; 

Yet, being cleansed from pride, fitim fiiclion and 
error debvei-ed, 

Paired of the film wherewith the eye of tlie mind 
is clouded, 




Thn.n. utar ben?- sak. « 

nHCcnumr 
XoK. JL tut iisi' tr TrciL « 

IVCt- tltSL 



l^srr ■ 



tier 

CAink im: sien. ^ likt it 

3>ati>c cuuiL [ii>uti: osie;. iiiir "-iLicn: inmiiKi^ »tti': 
l^VO if iit rr"T rfciur^— , — or lit- i'»i l>iwr. tttrsc- 

Airfal Sntrn : m-iiia;^ ■was w-i:! un.-iT-ti^ ■«Ij;v^ nivi 

*-H&t iben. b: uif Oi«tf n:' Hunvrr. »-c tm- 

*■ dig oT E.i'iHanc ! aliifj: hi tiiT' niiiVMpd tt< twdi 

miita. 



224 souTHET'a toems. 

Here we meet at lusl. Nol iiiiprejwred for the 
meeting 

Ween 1; ibr we hnd both outlived all enmity, ren- 
dering 

Each to each diat justice which each from each had 
withhoiden, 

In the course of events, to tliee I seemed as a 
Rebel, 

Thou a Tyrant to me; — eo strongly doth circum- 
stance rule men 

During evil days, when right «nd wrong are con- 
tbunded. 

Luft to our hearty we were jusL For me, my 
actions have epoken, 

That not for lawless dvsircs, nor goaded by desperate 
fortunes, 

Nor for mubition, I clio^e my paii ; but observ 
of duty, 

Self-approved. And liere ihia witness I willingl^^ 
bear lliee, — 

Hurt, before Angels and Men, in the &wiul hour 
r of judgment, — 

\ Tbou, too, didst act with upright heart, ua befitted n 



I Xiiie 10 bis e&cred trust, to his crown, his kingdom, 

and people. 
Heaven in these things fulfilled its wise though 

inscrutable purpose, 
While wo worked its will, doing each in his pin 

as became him." 



A T15JOF or jrDGuoa. 225 

* WsahiiigtoTi ! * aiiid ili€ Mauurdi. ^ v/eL iuta 
tiiou S]K^eii unci triilT. 
JoHi to thv^tih" and tc ine. Oii tiicic l- liic miiii 

of' Lbe COIU<:aI. 

Who for wicked end^. with fom an*- of furiioL and 

ialiHfbood. 
Eiiidksd aud ied tlit fiamt ; bin verDv iLev iiave 

tlieir gnerduu. 
ThoD uid I art- i'rcH: from ofiidice. Aud wnuld that 

tlie iiaiiuii:^. 
Xjeuuing of' ns, unuJd lav a^de all wroiipul repeat- 

meni, 
AD iDju^iou^ tliougliL and. bonoring cu.-L in tbe other 
Simdrfsd couragtr and virtue, and cognate knowledge 

and freedom. 
LdTe in broiberbtK»d wiselv coiijoinc*d ! "We m^i the 

Cizainjde. 
Thej who stir u]- <irik.. und wuiilJ brt'ak iliai natu- 
ral concord. 
EtiI iher sow, and fiorrow will ther reap fur ibeir 

harveBU" 



THE BEATIFICATION. 

thai S]»irit witbdrt-w, tlit* Miinaivli ariuiud 
the assemblr 
liCioked. bui mmv t'l^c cuiuv UtvAi ; and be b(*;ti*ti tbe 
vuic«- of the AnjTt'l. — 
VOL. X. g 



-226 



SOUTUEir'S I 



''Kiug of England] speak for tlij'Selfi bere is n 

. lo luraign lliee." 
'■ Failior," iie replied, " from wliom no secrete i 

hidden, 
Wliat should I say? Thou kiiowesi tliui iiiini 

an arduous tilation, 
Full of cares, aud wiili (Hsrila beset, llow 1 

I be burdi.'U, 
Ttiou alone caudl (ulll Short-siglited and frail b 

Thou made us ; 
And Thj judgments who can abide? But,aD sui'sl/i 

Thou knowest 
The desire of my heail halh been alwajr ihe good 

of my people, 
Pardon my errors, O Lord I and in men^ accept the 

intcnlion : 
As in Thee X have trusted, no let me not 

confounded." 



Bunding for wai'd, he spake with earnest humility. 

"WeUdone, 
Good and faiihful Bervaut!" then said a Voice fifnn 

the Brightness; 
•* Enter tliou into the joy of thy Lord." The miiiK^ 

tiering Spirits 
Clapped ihcii- pennons iherewilb, and from ttnCI 

whole anny of Angel* 
Songs of ihanktigivlng tuid joy resounded, a 

hallulujah« ; 
While, on iho wings of Winds upniised, ihc ]>uvilioc 

of splendor, 



A VISION OP JUDGMENT. 227 

Where inscrutable light enveloped the Holy of 

Holies, 
Moved, and was borne awaj, through the empyrean 

ascending. 

Beautiful then on its hill appeared the Celestial 
City, 

Softened, like evening suns, to a mild and bearable 
lustre. 

Beautiful was the ether above; and the sapphire 
beneath us, 

Beautiful was its tone, to the dazzled sight as re- 
freshing 

As the fields with their loveliest green at the coming 
of summer. 

When the mind is at ease, and the eye and the 
heart arc contented. 

Then methought we approached the gate. In 
front of the portal. 

From a rock where the standard of man's Re- 
demption was planted, 

Issued the Well of Life, where whosoever would 
enter — 

So it was written — must drink, and put away all 
that is earthly. 

Earth among its gems, its creations of art and of 
nature, 

Offers not aught whereto that marvellous Cross may 
be likened 



Eveu in dim simililudc, such was iu wonderful 

Pure k was and diaphanous. It had do visible lu^ire; 
Tet from ii alone whole Heaven was iUuniiiiaie 

Day and Night being none in the upper firmament, 

neither 
Sua nor Moon nor Slars; but from that Crosii,.] 

a fountain, 
Flowed ihe Light uncreated; light a]l-suQicuig, 

Light whicit was, and which is, and which will be 

for ever and ever j 
Light of light, which, if daringly gaxed on, woB 

blind an Archangel, 
Yet the eye of weak man may behold, and beholding 

is slreiiglhened ; 
Yea, while we wander below, oppressed with o 

bodily burden. 
And in the shadow of death, this Liglit is in ii 

vouchsafed us, 
So we aeek it with humble heart ; and the soul tl 

receives it 
Batli with it healing and strength, peaces lore, ■ 

life ererkatini^ 

Thither the King drew nigh, and kneeling | 
drank of thu water 
Oh, what a change was wrought ! In the >embla) 
of age he had risen, 



▲ VISION OF JUDGMiJ^T. 22*J 

Such as at last he appeared, with the traces of time 
and affliction 

Deep CD his faded fonn, when the burden of jears 
was opon him. 

Ohy what a change was wrought ! For now the 
eomiptible put on 

Incorruption ; the mortal put off mortalitj. Rising 

Bejuvenescenty he stood in a glorified body, ob- 
noxious 

Never again to change, nor to evil and trouble and 
sorrow, 

But for eternity formed, and to bliss everlasting 
appointed. 



vm. 

THE SOVEREIGNS. 

Lift up your heads, ye Grates ; and, ye everlasting 

Portals, 
Be ye lifl up ! For, lo ! a glorified Monarch ap- 

proacheth, — 
One who in righteousness reigned, and religiously 

governed his people. 
Who are these that await him within ? Nassau the 

Deliverer, 
Him I knew ; and the Stuart, — he who, serene in 

his meekness. 



2dO aOUTHBT*! poxua. 

Bowed his anointed head beneath the axe of rebel- 
lion, 

Cahn in that insolent boor, and over his fortune 
triumphant. 

Queen of the eagle eje, thou too^ matchless 

Eliza, 
Excellent Queen, wert there I and thy brother's 

beautiful spirit ; 
O'er whose innocent head there hovered a silvery 

halo, 
Such as crowns the Saint when his earthly warfare 

is ended. 

There, too, was he of the sable mail, the hero of 

Cressy, 
Flower of chivalry he, in arms and in courtesy 

peerless. 
There, too, his royal sire I saw, magnificent Edward, 
He who made the English renown, and tbe fame 

of his Windsor 
In the Orient and Occident known, from Tagus 

to Tigiis. 
Lion-hearted Richard was there, redoubtable war- 
rior. 
At whose irresistible presence the Saracen trembled ; 
At whose name the Caliph exclaimed in dismay on 

Maliommed, 
Syrian mothers grew pale, and their children were 

scared into silence. 



A TI810X OF JUDGMENT. 231 

Bom ID a bloody age, did he, in his prowess exulting, 
Run like a meteor his course, and fulfil the service 

assigned him, 
Checking the Mussulman power in the height of 

its prosperous fortune : 
But that leonine heart was with virtues humaner 

ennobled ; 
(Otherwhere else, be sure, his doom had now been 

appointed ;) 
Friendship, disdain of wrong, and generous feeling, 

redeemed it ; 
Magnanimity there had its seat, and the love of 

the Muses. 

There, with the Saxon Kings who founded our 

laws and our temples, 
(Gratefully still to be named while these endure in 

remembrance, 
Tliey, for the i)ious work ! ) I saw the spirit of 

Alfred ; 
Alfred, than whom no Prince with loftier intellect 

gifted, 
Nor with a finer soul, nor in virtue more absolute, 

ever 
Made a throne twice-hallowed, and reigned in the 

hearts of his people. 
With him the Worthies were seen who in life par- 
took of his labors, 
Shared his thou^lits, and with him for the weal of 

posterity travailed : 



^1 232 souieii.y'i^ roEUe. 

^M Some who m cloisters immured, tinil to palnftjl 

^M aiudy devoted 

^^ Day ajiil DJglili their patient aod innocent Uvea 

^H exh&usled, 

^H And in meekness possessed theit souls ; and some 

^M who in battle 

^V Put llie Raven to flight; and some whO| inti'epid 

^M in duty, 

^P Reached the remotest Kasi, 01-, invading the kingdom 

of Winter, 

Ploughed with audacious keel the Hyperborean 
Ocean. 

I could poreeive ihe joy which filled their bealified 

While of the Georgian age they tlraught, and the 
glory of England. 



THE ELDER 'WORTHIES. 

Lift up your heads, ye GSates; and, ye everlasting 

Portals, 
Be ye lift up ! Behold, (he Worthies are there to 

receive him, — 
They who, in later days or in elder ages, ennobled 
Britain's dear name. Bede I beheld, who, humble 

and holy. 



A visiOK or jrT>GifEyT, 2S8 

Sbcme like* a single star, serene in a night of darknejtfw 
Baoon also nas tLere. tlie marvellous Fzi&r; and 

be mho 
Struck the s^park from which the Bohemian kindUni 

his ta|:ier; 
Thence the flame, long and hardly preserved, was 

to Lather transmitted, — 
MightT soul ; and he lifted Lis torch, and enlightened 

the nations. 

Thee, too. Father Chaucer, I saw, and delighted 

to see thee. 
At whose well undefiled I drank in mv vouth, and 

wa« strengthened : 
"With whose mind immortal so oA I have communed, 

partaking 
All its manifold moods, and willinirlv moved at its 

pleasure. 
Bearing the jialm of mart ynloin, Cranmer was there 

in his meekness. 
Holy name, to be ever revered ! And Coci^« whose 

wisdom 
Stablished the Church and State, Eliza's pillar of 

council 
And Shakspeare, who in our hearts for himself hath 

erected an em[>ire 
Not to be sliaken by Time, nor e'er by another 

divided. 
But with what love did I then behold the fiice of 

my master, — 



S34 



BO0THEY8 POEMfl. 



Spenser, my master dear ! \ritli whom in boyliuad 
I wandered 

Tlirough tbe regions of Faeiy-knd, in forest or 
garden 

Spending delicious lioiira, or at lilt and louruvj 
rejoicing ; 

Vea, hy ihe magic of verse enlarged, and trans- 
lated in iipirit, 

In the World of Koniance free deninon I ; till awa- 

Wlien Ibe Npell was dissolved, this real eanli and 



Seemed to n 



! weary 



ind stale atiil flal. 



With other e 
Milton's severer shade I saw, and, in 

humbled, 
Gazed on that soul sublime ; of pa«sion now as of 

blindness 
Healed, and no longer here to Kin^ and to llie- 

rarc^is hostile, 
He was assoiled from taint of the fatal fruit ; and in 

Eden 
Not again to be lost, con=orted an equal with Angela 
Taylor, too, was there, from whose mind of ils trea- 
sures redundant 
Streams of eloquence flotvcd, like an inexhaustible 

fountain. 
Ajid the victor of Blenheim, alike in all viriueti 

accomplished, 



▲ TI510S OF JTT^GWEST. S35 



PabHc or private, be : the perft^ soldier und <> 

maxu 
BnglaDd's reproach and her pride; her pride to 

his Doble achieveineDtSs 
Her reproach for the wrong? he eodured. And 

Newton, exalted 
There above those orbs whose motions from earth 

he had measured. 
Through infinitv ranging in thought. And Berke- 
ley, angelic 
Now in substance as soul, that kingdom enjoying 

where all things 
Are what they seem, and the good and the beauti- 

fbl there are eternal. 



THE WORTHIES OF THE GEORGIAN AGR 

These, with a kindred host of great and iIUistriou9 
spirits, 

Stood apart ; while a train, whom nearer duty at- 
tracted, 

Through the Gate of Bliss came forth to welcome 
their Sovereign. 

Many were they, and glorious all. Conspicuous 
among them, 

Wolfe was seen. And the seaman who fell on the 
shores of Owyhee, 



23(1 souTiiEv's. roEirs. 

Leaving a lasting name, lo humanity ilt^ar as to 

And Uie mighty musician of Germany, ours by 

Who beheld in tite King his miinilii.'«iU pu|>il and 

[iBlrun. 
Reynolds, with whom began that sdiool of art wliicfa 

halti pqmilkd 
Richest Italy's works, and the ina»l«rly labors of 

Belgium. 
Came in that faiuous array. And Hogartli, who 

followed no ma'ler. 
Nor by pupil shall e'er be approached, alone in his 

greatness. 
Reverend in romely mien, of aspect mild and be- 
nignant, 
There, too, Wesley I saw nnU knew, who^e neal 

apostolic, 
Though with error alloyed, halli uu eurlh iLa merited 

honor, 
A£ ID heaveu i\s reward. And Mansfield, the just 

and intrepid; 
Wise Judge, by ibe cnifl of the Law ne'er seduced 

from its puqiose ; 
And, when the misled mullhnde raged like the 

winds in tlieir mildness, 
Not to be moved from his rightful revives. And 

Burke 1 btheld tlierc, 
Elo({uent statesman and sage, who, though I 

broke loose from his trammels, 



▲ TISI03( OF JUDGMENT. 3S7 

GHing then to mankind what partj too long had 

Averted. 
Here, where wrongs are fbrgiTen. was the injured 

Hastings beside him ; 
Strong in his high destrns. and in innocence happj, 

though injured, 
He^ in his good old age, outliTed persecution and 

malice. 
Even where he had stood a mark for the arrows 

ci slander, 
He had his triumph at last, when, moved with one 

feeling, the Senate 
Rose in respect at his sight, and atoned for the sin 

of their fathers. 

Q)wper, thy level r spirit was there, bj death 

disenchanted 
From that heavv spell which had bound it in sor- 
row and darkness ; 
Thou wert there, in the kingdom of peace and of 

light everlasting. 
Nelson also was there in the kingdom of peace, 

though his calling, 
While upon earth he dwelt, was to war and the 

work of destruction. 
Not in him had that awful ministry deadened or 

weakened 
Quick compassion, and feelings that raise while 

they soften our nature. 
Wise in counsel, and steady in purpose, and rapid 

in action, 



S3S 



bodthey'e pobue. 



Never tliought of self from the course of hia duly 

seduced him, 
Never doubt of tho issue unwonhily warped { 

iutentioD. 
Long shall his memory live ; and, while 1 

pie is cberished. 
From die Queen of the Seas the sceptre ehall n 



be* 



ested. 



THE TOUNQ 8PIHIT8. 

Tk whom I leave annamed, ye olbor Worthies 4J 

Britain, 
Lighia of lUe Georgian age, — for ye are 

and uoble, — 
Uiiw might I name ye all, whom I saw i 



Pardon ye the imperfect tale. Yet some I behdj 

there, 
Whom should I pretermit, my heart might ri 

upbraid me, 
That its tribute of honor, poor though it be, n 

witiiholdea. 
Somewhat apart tliey cume, in felluwtihip gathers 

together, 
Ac in goodly army tliey followed the traij 

"WorUiie*. 



A TISIOX OF JUDGXENT. 239 

Chosen spirits were thesse, of the finest elements 
tampered. 

And embodied on earth in mortality's purest texture ; 

But in the morning of hope, in the blossom of vir- 
tue and genius. 

They were cut down by Death. What then? — 
were it wise to kment them, 

Seeing the mind bears with it its wealth, and the 
soul its affections ? 

What we sow we sliall reap ; and the seeds whereof 
earth is not worthy 

Strike their roots in a kindlier soil, and ripen to 
harvest. 

Here were the gallant youths of high, heroic 
aspiring, 

Who, so fate had allowed, with the martial renoMrn 
of their country 

Would have wedded their names, for peri)etual 
honor united ; 

Strong of heart and of mind, but in undistinguish- 
ing battle, 

Or by pestilence stricken, they fell, unknown and 
confounded 

With the common dead. Oh ! many are they who 
were worthy. 

Under the Red-Cross flag, to have wielded the thun- 
ders of Britain ; 

Making her justice felt, and her proper power up- 
holding 



240 sodthey's rOF.Hs, 

Upon ail eeos .tD<I shores, wheresoever ber rights 

were offended, — 
Followers ol' Nelsou's palh, and llie glorious career 

of Lhe Wellesley. 
iSaiiy nit! ihey who^e bones beneuth the biildwa 

have whitened. 
Of in foreign earth they hare mouldered, hastily 

In some wide and general grave. 

Hire also were spirits 
To have guidei], like Cecil of old, the councils of 

England J 
Or, like Cnnning, have silenced and charmed » 

luniulluous Senate, 
When to lhe height of his theme the consummate 

Orator, rising. 
Make^ our Catilines pale, and rejoicea the friends 

of their country. 

Others came in that goodly band, whom benigner 

fortune 
Led into pleasanter ways on earth : the children of 

Science 
Some, whose unerring pursuit would, but for death, 

have extended 
O'er the unknown and mateiNal, Alan's intellectual 

Such their intuitive power ; like Davy, disarming 
destruction 



I OF JDDaUENT. 



241 



When it moves oa Uie riiiiur 

cavei'ing the secret 
(M* the dai'k and ubuUieiil ttbyss, with tlic lire uf 

VesopJus 
Armed the chemlat's }uui(l : well, tlicn, might Eleu- 

siuian Cerea 
ViiJJ to liim, tmiti whom the seas tuiii tliv [uomiLiiiiis 

concealed not 
Nature's in)>icry. hiil in ibi;ir depths. 

Here, lo^t in tlieir piumise 
And prime, were llw diildreu or Art, wlio sliouid 

else have di'livei-ed 
Works and uudjiug uaines lo gmtrru) [losurily's 

keeping, 
Such as Ilaydon will leave on earth ; uiid he who, 

reluriiiDg 
Kcb in praLie to hijt ualifu ahures, Imlh Idl a 

remeiubrani-e 
Long lo be honored and loved ou tlie bunk^ uf 

Thames and of Tiber: 
So may Ameriea, prizing in lime the tvurlli slie 

Givo to that hand free scope, and boaj^t lierea(\er of 

Allston. 



Here loo. early Jo^t and deplored, were llje youihi 
nbom ilie Muijes 
Harked for iheni^elves at IJi'lh, and HiUi dews fium 
Caelalia sftiiiihle'l: 



242 



BOUTHKr'a POEMS. 



CliBtiertoii tir^t, (for noL lo 1u£ affcctionale spirit 
Could the act of madness innate for guilt be ac- 
counted,) 
Unrvellous boy, who^e antique songs and unliappy 

RtoTJ 

SliuU, by gtnile bearta, be in mournfiil memory 

fherisbed 
Long ail tby ancient towers endure, and the rocki^ 

of St. Vincent, 
Bristol 1 my birlbplace dear. What tliougb I liave 

chosen a dwelling 
Far away, and my grave ^hall not be found by ilia 

Under thy saured care : nathless in love and in duty 
Still am 1 I/oiukI to tliee, and by many a deep 

recollection ! 
Oily of elder days, I know how largely I owe thee ; 
Nor least for the hope and the strength that I 

gathered in boyhood. 
While, on Chatlerton musing, I fancied his spirit 

In the haunts which he loved upon earth. Twas a 

joy in my vision 
When 1 beheld his face. And here was the youth 

of Loch Leven, 
Nipped, like an April flower, that opens its leaves 

to the sun-ihine. 
While the breath of rhe East prevails. And 

Kus^ell and Biimpfjlde, 

thuy ! And die Poet whose 
;s of childliood 



A VISION OF JUDGMENT. 243 

Trent and the groves of Cliflon heard ; not alone 

bj the Muses, 
But bj the Virtues loved, his soul, in its youthful 

aspirings, 
Sought the H0I7 Hill, and his thirst was for Siloa'a 

waters. 
Was I deceived by my desire ? or, Henry, indeed did 

thy spirit 
Know me, and meet my look, and smile like a 

fnend at the meeting? 



xn. 

THE MEETING. 

Lift up your heads, ye Gates ; and, ye everlasting 

Portals, 
Be ye lifl up ! Behold the splendent train of the 

Worthies 
Halt; and with quicker pace a happy company 

issues 
Forth from the Grate of Bliss: the Parents, the 

Children, and Consort 
Come to welcome in Heaven the Son, the Father, 

and Husband! 
Hour of perfect joy that overpays all earthly af- 
fliction ; « 
Tea, and the thought whereof supporteth the soul 

in its anguish. 



244 soutuey's poems. 

There came England's blossom of hope, — the 
beautiful Princess ; 

She in whose wedded bliss all hearts rejoiced, and 
whose death-belly 

Heard from tower to tower through the island, 
carried a sorrow, 

Felt bj all like a private grief, which, sleeping or 
waking. 

Will not be shaken away, but possesses the soul and 
disturbs it 

There was our late-lost Queen, the nation's example 
of virtue. 

In whose presence vice was not seen, nor the face 
of dishonor ; 

Pure in heart, and spotless in life, and secret in 
bounty, 

Queen and Mother and Wife unreproved. — The 
gentle Amelia 

Stretched her amis to her father there, in tender- 
ness shedding 

Tears such as Ang(;ls weep. That hand was to- 
ward him extended 

Whose last pressure he could not bear, when 
merciful Nature, 

As o'er her dying bed he bent in severest an- 
guish, 

I>aid on his senses a weight, and suspendetl the 
sorrow for,ever. 

Fie hath n»fovered her now : all, all, that was lost, 
is restored him ; — 




A TIMOX OF JlTNi^IlXT. 245 

fikriocL 

Tber are nte: vbere Oacge ii aot koown. nor 

Sorrow Dor Paitmg ; 
Death u ?Dbdaeid. and ih« Grave, which cooqiwis 

alL hath beea conquered. 

When I bebeM tbem meet, the desire of m; fouI 



And when with baip and voice (he lood bosannas 

of welcome 
^lled the rejoidng $ky, as the happj oompanT 

Throagfa ihe eTcrlasiing Gaie^ I, too, pressed for- 

But the weigh! of ihe bodj wiihheld me. I stooped 

to the foanlain, 
Eager to drink thereof, and lo put nway nil that 

was eanhly. 
Darkness came over me then, at the chilling touch 

of the water. 
And mj feel, methoughl, sunk, and I fell precipitate. 

Starting, 
TTien I awoke, and beheld the mountains in twilight 

before me, 
Dark and distinct; and, instead of the rapturous 

eound of hosanna^, 
Heard the bell from the lower, toll, toll, through the 

silence of evening. 



soi-TiiKve rticitft. 



NOTES TO TUB VISION Of .rUIKJllENT 



Fnm lurr-nnulin i/ Ihingi lie ftiHJ itfiirtaiih ilaji ka* aitn^iJ 
'hrm 
Failc, Kit at hopa 0/ »««(*. — 1. y. 801. 

Hiis tUtat (if twillgbt, md in tha rery >oont iemniHii, ht» 
htm Inteiy «iin'«iiloJ t>>- Mr. Willlinn Wwull, in orw nf hi* 
" VIevra of tbo Lakes," With tlic truo CHila;! nnd powu ct 
genius. TIio range of moanbiliii vtilcli t« J«(ciiMd In Ibaa 
ItiiriHluutorr liiian niHy oImi b* •enn in h!* " View of tba Vtlm 
a( Knt/icktrom ihs Pmritb BihuI." 



NOTES TO A VISION OF JUDGMENT. 217 

Pole is announced, before it appears upon the horizon, bv a 
white blink, which enlightens the heaven day and night, and 
which is only a reflection of the crystallized snows, of which 
those masses are composed. This blink resembles the light 
of the aurora boreaUs^ the centre of which is in the middle of 
the ice of onr pole, but the white color of which is mixe'd 
with yellow, with red, and with green, because it partakes of 
the color of a ferruginous soil, and of the verdure of the pine- 
forests which cover our icy zone. This explanntion of these 
yariations of color in our aurora boreaUs is so nnicli the more 
probable, because that of the aurora auttrality as Capt. Cook 
has observed, difiers in that its white color is mixed with blue 
tints alone; which can only be, according to my opinion, be* 
cause the ice of the austral pole (where there is no continent 
and no vegetation) is surrounded on all parts with the ocean, 
which is blue. Do we not see that the moon, which we sup- 
yose to be covered in great part with very elevated glaciers, 
sends back to us, in a light of a bluish white, the rays of the 
sun, which are golden in our ferruginous atmosphere? Is it 
not by the reverberation of a soil composed of iron that the 
planet Mars reflects upon us, at all times, a red ligiitV Is it 
not more natural to attribute these constant colors to the re- 
verberation of the soil, of the sens, and of the vegetables, of 
these planets, rather than to the vuriuble refractions of the rays 
of the sun in their atmospheres, the colors of which ought to 
change every hour, according to their diflerent aspects with 
regjird to that star? As Mars appeara constantly reil to the 
earth, it is possible that the earth might appear to Mars like a 
brilliant jewel, of the color of the opal towards the North Pole, 
of the agoa marina at the South Pole, and alternately of the 
sapphire in the rest of its circumference. But, without going 
out of our atmosphere, I believe that the earth reflects there 
the blue color of its ocean with the green of its vegetation, at 
all times in the torrid zone, and in summer only in our climate, 
for the same reason that its two poles reflect their different 
aurorasy which participate of the colors of the earth, or the 
teas that are near thera. 

" Perhaps our atmosphere sometimes reflects landscapes, 
which announce islands to the sailors long before they reach 



nflictkm 



II I* muarkiOile tlut Ibey ibov Itu-mMlna, UIc* Cb* 



n tb* horitoo * 



n lbs tide of 



tb* MttlDS I'D* 1 thiiU tiltc, on iliii nibjiMt, ii nwn of dt* 
lah of Ftmicc, who umU Iti ptne'm In tLc ckv ilio imsgra uT 
nm^ which Hiiro out in foil Ka, — tba oelcbntsd Vwut, 
win ralNtoil l» me ilwt tis liwl oiic« Mm in ibn doaiU Uia 
aaafutf of n town, titunteil (even Isufniei dittuit [nun liim, 
■ml Iha plieiiomoDon of the Stmlu at Sicri)', known nnder tha 
iua« of tlin f'ota Mirrgana, 'Die dooiU w»l 11k vapon of 
Cb« itnuHiibm mar **f "'U roQucl tli« (anns mi-l llm cnkm 
of oinhly objcclt, nliiM tbev rcHeol in pnrliellant Uib ininge of 
Um lun, Ml w to reader it bomlUR u cba «m Itself lu flue, 
if Ilia wBlen nf llie smith niMDl Ibe cuKm uid Iba (brnu of 
the dooili of tlm ■tmntplmrc, why then kliunltl not th« vii{»n 
of the utiDMphvre, hi (bsir turn, n?9eet ths blna of the mi, 
the Tordun mxl Ui« 7eUo« oT iho earth, u wdJ ai tbe gluiain| 
colun at tb> giulu hm? 

"I ■ihrmiCB my opinion, howmor, only ■■ my opinion. The 
blilory of nnturs !■ tin edlAu whiEb, ■« yvl. it icnruly wnt' 
OMncMl. Lat u not fear to carry Him« aionoi townrda tka 
bDiUiiig: »ur gnodchililren will ma Uum, or lay Iham aalds 
If Uwy h* uwtvu. U my iiulluirlly i> of no waighl lianafler. 
il Till [miHiit tlUla that 1 have dfwivod myeeU upon IblB 
potnl ; mi irork will enter into obwurity, tram wbmca It 
esma : l^iit if il alionld b>, iu fulurc, at Htn* consldamlioo, 
ny arrDr In iihj'xiea will be mure muiful to monkl> than a truth, 
MbarwlM inilidbrFnt In llir hiiiiilDiiM o( mankind | ftr It will 
be Itifeiml, irilh reiiMU. that it I* net^e«Mry to rrganl atwi 
wfitti* iif credit with csulMn." iturmmiaifila Xfilmr,t.i Itt. 

In one point of fad, St. Pierra la oeiiolidy mialakwi. Tha 
pacB availing light ti laen a< often in winter aa in »unmer. 
Having bn>r< l»d to look for it iu c«na*i|U(nc« of smpecitng 
>ba aBonrBOir of hi* reuarka, I noticed It oa the vary day 
when tliin exlmct ttai tnuui-rlbe'l for the prcu (late In Ds- 
ecmliar), nnd twice iu the cinitse of the ciunliig WBuk; anr] I 
obHrred ti. not in the cveniiiit alone, and !n tlie weit {In wbleh 
qnartei, howeror, and at nlilcli time. It 11 moat frequently 
Man), bnl in iliOemjl part* of tlie aky, nad at ditTercnt tluiea 
•f the day. 



MOTES TO A VISION OF JUDGMENT 249 

Whether France or Bntain be threatened, 
Soon VfUl the issue show; or if both at once are tndanyered, 

III. p. 212. 

The murder of the Duke of Derr}-, nnd the C:ito-fitreet con* 
ipincyi were both pluoued at the time of the kinj^'s death. 



This is the Gate of Bliss, —IV. p. 213. 

The reader will so Kurely think of the adminible pn^^nge o( 
Dante, which \va« in the writer's mind when thc^e lineA were 
oompoeod, thiit I sliould not think it necessary to notice the 
imitation, were it not that we li%'e' in an ngc of pliigiiiri«:m, 
when not our jackdaws only, but some of our swans also, 
trick themM;1ves in borrowed plumage. I have never contract- 
ed an obligHt '-n of this kind, either to contemporary or pred^ 
oenor, without ucknowlcdging it. 



JXaeomtent and dtslotfnlty^ like the teeth of the drngan^ 
BfS had sown on titt winds ; they had ripened btyuud the Atlantic, 

V. p. 219. 

** Our N*w World/* says M. 6imon<l, ** has genenilly the 
orsdit of having fiivt lighted the torch which was to illuminnte, 
And toon set in blaze, tlie ftne»t part of Kurf>|H*; yet I think 
the flint wrs strtick, and the ftrst ^park elicited, by the frntriot 
J<^ Wilkes, a few years before. In a time of pnifound peace, 
the restless opiritH of men, deprived of other objocti^ of public 
enrkieit}', seized with avidity on those questions wliicli were 
than agitated with so much violence in Kngland, touching the 
rights of the people, and of the g«)vernment, and the nature of 
power. The end of the political dnnna wmk in favor of what 
was called, and in some res|>ects wa% the lilterty of the poople. 
Eneoaraged by the success of this great comedian, the curtain 
waa no sooner dropped on the scene of Kun)f)o than now 
Mtort hastened to niiso it again in America, and to give the 
world a new play, infinitely mere interesting and more bril* 
*lnt than the firit.'* 



[50 6orTiiE»'s POEMS. 

Dr. Franklin daoribei tbe aUIs of things during the n 
d liberty. H« taji, " There t 



It! «)i oyer lbs kingdom, 
A of a aide Hpent 



a pUcH 



miuliiet done, by drunken, mad tiiot»,Io hoaxes, window>,Aci. 
Tbe >oene« have bseii horrlbto. London WM itIumlDnted two 
Digbti niDniag, nl the ccmnund of the mob, for Ibo mcCMl 
of Wilkes in the MiddJetex electioa : the second night ex- 
oeeded any tiling of the kind ever teen bera on lbs gr«it«at 
Mculoni of rejoicing, a* eien the hdoJI cro»4treiit9, lanat, 
ocmrti, and other onl-of-tlie-way places, were olJ In a blue 
with lighti, and the prinBlpoI elreela all night long, ai Ibalnobt 
want round again alter lifo o'clouk. auti obliged peujile, who 
bad sxtlngalslied their enndlei, to light Uipm ngtiln. Thou 
who rofiited had all their windowi de»[roycd. The dfltoage 
done, nnd the eipenie at cnndles, hu been computed al afty 
thonsanU pouuds. It mutt have tMeu grant, tliuunh probabty 
not CO much. The ferment Is not yet over; for he hu pro- 
mised to surrender to Ilie court next WBdneslny, and another 
tumoil 1« tlien eipccledi and, what the upnhol wlil ha, no one 
Ban yet foresee. Tl Is realty un eitriionlinary eirent, lo sea an 
outlaw and eiile, of bad personal ohnncier, not worth ■ fnr- 
Ihing, eomo over from France, set himself op at n onndidaU 
for the capital of the kingdom, misi liis election only by being 
too Ule in hli ■ppileation, aud immedlalely earrving II for iha 
principal oonntyj the mob (spirited up by nnmbers of diOei^ 
eat balliidt, sung or roared In erary street), requiring gmllo- 
man and ln>li« of all mnks, as they pruead in ibeir ennriBgei, 
to about for Wllkea and liberty, murkitig iIm aanie words on 
all their coucliea with chalk, ■nil Xo. M on every door, which 
•xtenda ■ Tual wny along Ihe roads in the country. 1 want 
lul week 10 Whtcbesier, nud observed, IhnC, for nrteen nltea 



It of u 






'■Etbci (111* cipihil, Ihe rasldence of the king, I 
•oene of InwIeH riot and confusioD ; — molw pntroll 
It noonday. Mine knocking oil down that will 



L 




I 



baud liuft, mad (offciing no 
oiM Uiaic !■?; *alannaBdM>in5iDKpriTU*b«M«,aHltliRak 
MtoKhfUc**: ioldtanflriBguiHWKtliaiBi>b«.ui4UUUi|EiBM, 
^ Hid oUldrao, — whtok Mvan oolj to ban pFoduccd nn 
il look! lUui gmil bticA diHul n,>inin( 
L Vbat lh« vnni will 
bi^ 8*d «ailj k*aira : Inl won paniihrnnit tttm% prvpntng 
ftr • f Bpta iiba ara unfnvtaralljr kbulnx tha bai conallnH 
ttOB anil Ihe tfot king u; luillao wm (Tcr blwirrJ vKbi In- 
iml CO ooUiing bui luxni?, llo»nitoa»B«n, pawn, plao**, 
pwrinni, Biul iilunilcf : while Ifia oUnJitrr, iIlvJiM In tbtk 
oaBwili. Bitli bcU* rrcsrd far enah other, wearinl by pNfiaMal 
arp<«iiBi». in WQUnonl apginhenilaa of e)wii|«a, lutmt on 
■aeoiug popokrii; Id caw thejr iticold Iom raror, ha*a, ftr 
•ana yaan pact, bkd Elttla lima or IneJinaUini lo aUand to vqr 
k«a ifeam appaar allS 



Jul impact to law aud ga*«nuaant Mam* to ba tou amonil Qw 
eaawian )«0[il«, wbo an, marMtar, f^ntlnnallr Inllanigd bj 
aiBlhwti acribblert to InmpU oa authorlijr, and cvarjr tblng 
thU oaad U kMp tliam In oHai." 



$ 



Sam t^ Faclip% it immtil i mil ye, ft Skimltrtn ! Jcam|p( 
JhMka, mJ ixii' ia niMf Odf (f/)er dntt der« Itjudgmaa. 

V, p. MJ. 
•■ PMdH JiuUikm DODld, tl dob Mbbu* UnH." -- rrrd. 



S52 aourn&T'a i 

Id iii<' lie i*jt [writini! Iii 
ky 111* duty Iks owm la Iiii 

biMHlf, wltli mpMt lo ttvry iimn ol hi* Icmiotins, nt * 
truplcg, deriiriiig liis inltrec In llitm rmm God, niiil in*c4tsil 
with Lham tiy liivliu milborilT, for tlia licnelil nf lii» tubjocu. 
Aa be m*j not ivll lliam or kmI* (hem, no lia rmt tivt rvilga 
tbna to ui viiamy, or ininsftir 1i[* rlglit to gnun-n tliim to ■n)', 
DOt aim to thnBiclT«,*aIangMU Is pniibla fw hiM ID keep 
R: if h» doM, b* bcmya at mica liin owu iiitomt anil IhU al 
bl> <ith«r tlumiiiliHia. It RHiy be Buiil, Suppiae PniTiileiice ha* 
wdnlned ilmc tliaj aball be u-mlnl rmm htini liow then? 1 
■nawn-, TbM cinnol appsar to ba ihe onH. till Gud'i parpoao 
l> actually aceom)>ll>b(n) ; mtil, In the ntiui time, Ilia nnxt 
pmbnble ]irO»peitt of auisli un eYBiit Jiws not nil*ii»a liira frain 
Ui oblignllui to Iwlil lliem In Iha Iiul miiiMml; bnitinneb a* 
•drcTM appeaianm are no InftiUlblc inUkitluu of God'a d*- 
algii>.but may give plaiwlo mora comfbilBbl* tymiiiom* irhea 
«B leul ezpent St. Viewing Uia thing In tbii light, it laol oa 
Wa mi^ty'a tlirona, I ibouM b« m obMlnate as he i bemuaa, 
IT I quilted tbe BoiitaeE while 1 luid any tncaru left of eflrr;lng 
It on, 1 ilioald nof er kunw that 1 IbuI not tsUmtauhnl what I 

M Ibt doobla and ttHjuiriea of n>y owb oooacicnce." 



H'mU iSal M* aalfau, 
ly tif u, tKmtd irry midt aU wrvny/vl riMMttntnit 
AU iojiirioiu t/i'«,ghl, ««/, hmariitg lark m ihi olUr 
JRwii'td iottraffe and rirtitt^ and a/ffnalu kiveifdgt tmd ^rtada^ 
Lire in truMirltixif tn'ii'H cimjoiiudl Wt ut liia eimn/iU. 

VI. p. 226. 

Ttaa wise and dIgnlAed rannnar in which the lute king r»- 

selTSil the Snt ml(int«r frain Ibo Uiiiled Slalat of America li 



« beilai 



I, by I) 



penoni whohad the be<( nppununltr Ibr Ibrmlnit an opinion 
npon the tnlijocL, la have InJd the foundation of that intMj 
bjr whicb (be king wu aAictail diuiiig tbe latter yaan of hit 



NOTES TO A VISION OF JUDGMENT. 2od 

Upon the pvblication of Capt Cook*s VoragM, a copr of 
this natioiml work was wnt to Dr. Kmnklin by the Witi|^ 
4esire, becauiw lie had given orders for the protection of thai 
iOiistriou* nnvigntor, in cnM he shoukl tail in with any Amelia 
cam cruisers on his wav iMme. 



Odm tn tkat itmdeai homr, and ov€r his farUmt triumfihatiL 

Vlll. p. 2S0. 

The behavior of Cliarlen in that insolent hour exttirted 
admiratiou even fn>m tlie better part of tlie Common wealth's 
men. It is thus finely de^teribed bv Andrew Marvel: — 

** While roand the umM bands 

Did clap their bloody haudSf 
He DOthInK common did. or mean, 
Upon that rovmorabte cc«d« ; 
• But with hiK kwner eye 

The axe's edge did try : 
Nor called the fod«, with vulgar spite, 
To vindicate hi* belpIeM right; 

But bowvd his comely hvad 

Down, as upon a bed." 



B* tAo wkode the Ent/Ush rtnown, ami tht fume of hit Windtor 
As Ae Orient and (Mxidtnl kmncn^ fi'WH To^tw to Tigris, 

VIII. p. 830. 

The celebrity which Windsor had obtained, ns l>cing the 
most splendid court in Christendom and the seat of chivalry, 
may be phiinly seen in tlie n>mancc of ** Amadi*,** which was 
written in Portu^^l towanls the latter end of Kdwanl III.*i 
reign. The Portuguese in that age took their militar}* terms 
from the English ; and St. George came into fashion among thorn 
At the same time, as being the English Santiago. 

A dispute arose between two knights, the one a Cypriot, the 
other a Frenchman, who were serving the King of Armenia 
■gainst the Solduii of Babylon. The other Christian captains 
in the army determined that they should decide it by single 



Sfi4 SUDTUBT'S POIEUS. 

csmbat before King Edvard of EdkUdiI, u the moet vorAj 
•nil hodombie prince in til Cliritleudom ; nntl the qnnmd 
irbicb began in Armeain <ras actmillj thna dcclJed witbln 
Iha lilt), nt the palHce of Wutmuiiter. It was woo, not vaqr _ 
bonornUlj', hy Iho Fniicbman. 



Anmd »t diimtTi Aawil — XI. p. 341. 

Though cliembtrj 1i one of the nibJBCts of *> 
Oontentd to he ignonnt, I mn nererlhelen perceivB t 
^preolnte the rcnJ goBini iti4lca(«d by Dt. Clerke'i diwovery 
in tbe nn of tiulai]. See bit "Trealiie upon clie Gu Ulov- 
plpe;" or the Micooal of it in the "Quiirterly Ketiev," Ma. 
Khl. p. *M- 

In reretring to the anrvty-lninp of Sir Humphrey IliA^fJ 
mutt not be nndenlood u repreHnling that to be 
ImpoitoDt of hii mnny iind great ditcoTerleg. No ptsita • 
add to 111' dewrred celebnly. 



JVo[ Co lu afftctiunalt ^i'( 
OkH Oh ado/ nadaeti nuxili /ur gmitl if artoaaitd. 

ail.p.311. 

Til* not of luialde is Tory liir from being to cilnin no In*- 
Mlion of ininuily as il it uiunlly contidered by our inquuta; 
but, in tha cue of ChUtaiton, It vu lb* BMnifnUlion of »a 
heredjtu? di>e«*e. Tliere wa* n madoe** In liii fxinily. Hli 
oaly iliter, during one pnrt of her LITe, wu under con finnneuL 

Tlio Uw rHpeotlng tololde li a motX bubaroas onv; and, 
of late yenra, hat never been enrrieil Into elTecl witbovl eiell- 
(ng horror and ditgiut. It uigbt be a ulnlary anacinenr, Itaat 
all micide* tbould be giTca np tor di»e«cion. Thia •mold 
•wtiilnly prerent miiny women from DommilUng Mlf-murdor, 
■Dd pouibly might, in time, be utaful to phyitiilcgj-. But ft 
ralGcient (dijectlOD to It li, that It wovid Hggr*T«la tbe dlebwa 
a( iifflicted laiaillai. 



NOTES TO A VISION OF JUDGMENT. 255 

The getUk Amelia. — XII. p. 244. 

In ou« of hia few intervals of sanity, after the death of this 
beloved daughter, the late king gave orders that a monument 
■hoald be erected to the memory of one of her attendants, in 
St George's Chapel, with the following inscription: — 

King Qboroe m. 

OAOfed to be interred near this place 

the body of BIart Gabcoions, 

Serrant to the Princess Ameua ; 

and this stone 

to be inscribed in testimony of liis gratefVil 

sense 

of the fidthful serTices and attachment 

of an amiable Young Woman to his belOTed 

Daughter, 

whom she surrired only three monUis. 

She died 19th of February, 1811. 

This may probably be considered as the last act of his life; 
m Tory affecting one it is, and worthy of remembrance. Such a 
monument is more honorable to the king by whom it was set 
up than if he had erected a pyramid. 



SPECIMENS, &c 

Thb annexed specimens of Sir Philip Sidney's hexameters 
will sufficiently evince that the failure of the attempt to natu- 
ralize this fine measure in his days was owing to the manner 
in which the attempt was made, not the measure itself. 

** First shall fertile grounds not yield increase of a good seed; 
nisi the rivers shall cease to repay their floods to the ocean; 
first may a trusty greyhound transform himself to a tyger; 
first shall Tertue be rice, and beauty be counted a blemish,— 
Ere that I leave with song of praise her praise to solemnise; 
Ver praise, whence to the world all praise hath his only beginning 
Bat yet well I do find each man most wHe in his own case : 
None can speak of a wound with itkill, if he have not a wound felt. 
Orsat to thee my state seems ; thy state is blest by my Judgement; 



SOUTH eVs romiii. 



nlgU Ulta. «U> !) KTOIU k 



w by Iha \atiy 01>ia^uJ>f 



)r wtwn ■ rtah Itohlv'it (uW bi Ita 



TbtD li) ui> Ugli L'lnlsr, rl 



■uIIm of Ulllf ilull KKHl ba nrpUUil. 
f slurplwnl ; wortn un niinr •Mat ■ tUlt, 






«t (Uhuht tbjr vprll*: Klnp' Crwmdu 






Siilnnx'i poiitii'noton nppmr ■' 



■. LoTfl, InBH Ihva coatvnilvtl ■! 



a. FonunitlAtliHll} Uufll 






Tlut th> lallghl* of 



lUnaMlahttiMl^-* 






NOTES TO A VISION OF JUDGMENT. 257 

Sidney has also given examples in his ** Arcadia'* of Anaor^ 
ontic, Plialeucian, Sapphic, and Asclepiad ycrsCi all written 
upon the same erroneous principle. Those persons who con- 
sider it ridiculous to write English verses upon any scheme of 
Latin versification, may perhaps be surprised to learn that they 
have read, as blmik verso, many lines which are perfect Sap- 
phics or I'htUeuciaus. Kowe*s tragedies are full of such Imes. 

The " Censura Literaria *' supplies me wjth two choice 
samples of Stanihurst*s Virgil. 

•*N«ere joynctlye brayeth with rufBerye* rumboled iEtna: 
Soomtyme owt it bolckuth f from biiick cioudfi grimly bcUimmed 
Like fyenl pitche dkorching, or flaAh flame ffuiphurtut huatiag; 
Flownce to the stars towring the fire like a pellet Is horled, 
BiigU rocks, up raking, and guts of mounteu yrunted 
From roote up he jt^letb : stoans budge slag % molten he rowseth, 
With route snort grumbling in bottom flA8b furie kindling. 
Men say that Enceladus, with bolt haulf blasted, here harbrou^t, 
DIng'd § with this squiiung || and roassive burthen of Jftna, 
Which pres on him nailed, from broached chimnys stii heateth ; 
As oft as the giant his broldlf syds croompeled altreth, 
So oft Sicil ai shivereth, therewith tlaks smoakye be sparckled." 

" T'ward Sicll Is seated, to the welkin loftily pealdng, 
A soyl, ycleapt Liparen, from whence with flounce fUry flinging, 
Stoans and burlye bulets, like tampounds, maynelye betowring. 
Under is a kennel, wheare chymneys fyrye be scorching 
Of Cyclopan tosters. with rent rocks chamferye shardcd, 
Lowd rub a dub tabering with frapping rip rap of Jiltna. 
In the den are drumming gads of Steele, parchfulye sparckling, 
And flam's flerclye glowing, from fornace flashye be whisking. 
Vulcan his hoate fordgharth, named eke thee Vulcian Island. 
Doun Ihnn the heT*nlye palace travayled the flrye Uod hither. 
In this cave the rakehels yr*ne bars, bigge bulcked ar hamring, 
Brontes and Steropes, with baerlym swartie Pyracmon. 
Thewe thre nere upbotcbing, not shapte, but partlye wel onward, 
A clapping fier-bolt (such as oft, with ronnce robel hobble, 

* Ruining seems to be turbulent noise. A ruffler was ftmnerlj a 
boisterous bully. 

t To bolck. or boke, Is mctare. % Slag is the dross of iron. 

i Dashed down. j] Squeezing. S *•*• Broiled sides crumpled. 
VOL. X. S 



HEVB rOKUB. 






Suiiilliurars Virgil i* cottniiily oiu 
our litErulure which DU|thl tu Iw rsprinU<J. ¥ 
(iMiiling tlie Blmnit IncraJIblo iil»unlily ot liin it 
hunt i* cnlitled to nn hononble RMiiombranoe Ibr th« p 
wbicli b» oontiibutcd to Boliiulieil'* " Colkotiaa oT Chn 
del." Hant at our chronieien pa»eaiMl a miad holler it 
nor ID IiiUllsat mora perpetually on IL 

Siilnsf , who fniled eo cntirEly in writiug hexsn»t«n, 1 
iirllloii oonoenimg thorn, in hit " Ushncr of I'omIo," with turn- 
good «Biug uxi proprialy of ihau|ht by which that benutitUI 
ireBtita i* dl>ilnguuh<d. Lot mo not be thought to dispnngv 
■hi) xdminble niui wid dalighlAil wriUT, beciiius it liiu limn 
n«ceuiiry fur tnt tu ihow the cniuv of hli fnilnre id » 
tompt wherein I Imve now Ibllowecl him. I ihould n 
mjMlC were 1 orer lo mention Sidney h 



n exprsMlon 



" Of venirying," he Hyi, " Ihera are Iwe tcrti 
naclent, iLe utlier modsni. The inclent nuirked the quHnll^ I 
of wch ■yllnble, and, aooordiug to that, rmmed h' 
the moderii, obtcrviug only number, with *omo ragnrd of d 
accent: the chief tilh of it itojldeth in that Uko •ouoding p^ 
the worrii wliich we call rhyme. Whether of Ihau be ll 
more eioellent, would bear many igieeeheai the nnolent, n 
doubt, moni SI for muiicli, — both word! and time obMrrlBi 
qujuiliiy, and more flc Uvoty (o expreu divon pau 
low or loRy loatid of the well-weighed ayllnble. The iatM 
likewise with hi* rhyme itrlkelh a certniti munch to the Mrfl 
uid, JD line, ilnee it dolli delight, Ihoutth by eoother WKy, llfl 
obtalneth the isme porpoM, there being in either iwMtai 
and wonting In noKller nuu»ly. Truly tlio Engllih, b 
•ny Tolgir language I knoir, hi lit fbr both MrU; for, for t 



NOTES TO A VISION OF JUDGMENT. 259 

Ancient, the Italian is so Aill of yowelSf that it most erer be 
cumbered with elisions; the Dutch so, of the other side, with 
oonsonants, that they cannot yield the sweet sliding fit for a 
Terse. The French, in his whole language, hath not one word 
that hath his accent in the last syllable, saving two, called Ante- 
penultima; and little more hath the Spanish, and therefore very 
gracelessly may they use dactyls. The English is subject to none 
of these defects. Now, for rhyme, though we do not observe 
quantity, yet we observe the accent very precisely, which other 
Umguages either cannot do, or will not do so absolutely. 

^ That caesura, or breathing-place, in the midst of the verse, 
neither Italian nor Spanish have: the French and we never 
almost fail of. Lastly, the very rhyme itself the Italian can- 
not put in the last sylliible, by the French named the Mascu- 
line Rhyme, but still in the next to the last, which the French 
call the Female, or the next before that, which the Italian call 
Sdrucciola: the example of the former is Buono Suono; of 
the Sdrucciola, is Femina Semina. The French on the other 
tide, hath both the male, as Bon Son, and the female, as 
Plaise, Taise : but the Sdrucciola he hath not, where the 
English hath all three ; as. Due, True, Father, Rather, Motion, 
Potion; with much more, which might be said, but that already 
I find the trifiingof this discourse is too much enlarged.^' 

The French attempted to introduce the ancient metres some 
years before the trial was made in England. Pasqnier says 
that Estienne Jodelle led the way in the year 1553, by this 
distich upon the poems of Olivier de Maigny, " lequel," ho 
adds, ** est vrayement une petit chef-d'oeuvre.*' 

** Phoebus, Amour, CypriB, veut sauver, nourrir et omer 
TCn vertet chef, d'umbre, de flamme, de flours." 

Pasquier himself, three years afterwords, at the solicitation 
3f a firiend, produced the following ** Essay de plus longa« 
balaine:" — 

** Rka ne me plabt linon de te chanter, et serrir et omer; 
Rleo ne te plaist mon bien, rien ne te plaUt que ma mori. 
rios Je requiers, et plus Je me tiens sear d'estre refiia^ 
111 oe nUu poortant point ne me semble reAis. 




tmlioQ qii'ou let tnxiva t»l<i mult bitm enliniE'jfl qu'lli *aal 
■ntmit duiilu quo l» Lalinf, ct k CruI tbux-Js que Ton p«ni« 
DOKra vulgilra utr« nucuncmenl cupulilo ■!■ cb sut^flcc" 
Fi»4tiiM'> verMi w«ra oot pullliheil till miuij ycnn »(t«r 
tligy vera writleni nnd. In Uw niRin tiina, Jeiui Autnina da 
Bttlfmndf tho Bllampl upon • lirger tenia i " Tunteifuit," wji 
Puquicr, " on M lUbjNt li mauniii pamun qao non hoIs- 
mant 11 n« Cul tulvy d'liucuii, mait nu coutnlra dotdoungn 
BD chicun da *'y amplnyer. D'auuntqae (aoleequ'il en fli 
■Mtdl Uuit (lanpoiirvan <]e cetti imllViitt qui 4nlt icoimpBgner 
not (Cuvr««, qu'nUMi tost que cettc tienne po&iin voit In Inml- 
er«, cUe tnounil oouiine na BTorlon." TIib Al>l>e (iai^et, 
tberefi>ni, bad iio raanon lo r«|ireHiit Ihit allampt iw ■ pn>ar oT 
the Inil Uile of Iht nge: Ibt liul Utia of ui iigs It pruved, 
wbeo vlolous C4iai[>i»itiona an iipplBiiilftd, not wben Ibay ore 



NOTES TO A VISION OF JUDGMENT. 261 

tknfnccessful. Jean Antoine de Baif is the writer of whom 
Cardinal du Porron stiid, ** Qu*il ^toit bon lioinuie, mais qu^il 
^it m^cliaut poute Francois.** 

I subjoin a specimen of Spanish hexameters, from an ec- 
logue by D. Esteban de Villegas, a poet of great imd deserved 
estimation in his own country. 

** Lkidaa y CoridoD, CoridoD el anmnte de Fills, 
Putor el UDO de Cabras, el otro de blancjut Orcjas, 
Amboe a dofl tiernosi, moioe ambos, Arcades aiubos, 
Yiendo qae loe rayo« del Sol (ktigaban al Orbe, 
Y que ribrando fiiego fer6z la Caaicula Udrai 
Al puro criiital, que cria la fuente Ronora, 
Llerados del s6n aiegre de su blando susurro, 
La« plantas Teloces mueveu, los panos animan, 
T al troDco de un verde enebro a« aientan awigos. 

Tu, que los erguidos sobrepujas del hondo Tbnaro 
Pe&oneiif genero«o Duque, con tu Inclita frente, 
81 araKO tocAte el eco de mi rustlca arena 
Tus sienes, si acaso llega 1 tu fertil abono, 
Francisco, del acento mio la sonora Tuliaf 
Oye plo, responde ((rato, ceusura severo : 
No meuos al caro hennano generoso retratas, 
Que al tronco prudente sigues, generoso nacbt* 
lleroe. que guarde el Clelo dilatando tus afios : 
Licidas y Coridon, Coridon el amante de Fills, 
PostoreK, las Munas aman, recrearte desean : 
Tu, cuerdo, perdona entretanto la barbara Musa, 
Que presto, inypirando Pean con aniigo Cotumo, 
En trompa, que al Olirapo llegue por el abrego suelta. 
Tu (auia Uevarin los ecos del Ganges al Istro, 
T luego, torciendo el Tuelo, del Aquilo al Austro." 

It is admitted by the Spaniards that the fitness of their 
language for tlie liexameter has boon established by Villegos. 
His success, liowovcr, did not induce other poets to follow the 
example. 1 Icnow not whom it was that he followed; for he 
was not the first tu mak« the attempt. Neither do I know 
whether it was ever made in Portuguese, except in some 
rerses u|>on St. Ursula and the Eleven Thousand Virgins, 
which are Latin as well as Portuguese, and were written as a 



I 



SODXeRT'S POEUS. 



262 



vbinuloAl proor of the ftOnKj' of thi t> 

mat njth DO ipeolmcQi in Itallu). Tha oomplaU inoaeii of 

the metre in Geimony i> well known. The Bohemiuia hare 

the " Dlud " ID tbs meuare uf tha origianl. This I leiirn iiccl- 
dantnllj from > Bnliemion gminmnrj nhioh ihowi me, nlno. 
that the Boheminni make a dactyl of Achilles, proUably t>«- 
•Mue they proaaiuios tha x vlUi a KroDg i^lrala. 



OLIVER NEWMAN; 

A NEW-ENOLAND TALK, 
(infrufiiBKD :) 



Wrra OTHER POETICAL REMAINS. 



>nLLIAM AXB MAUY WOIIDSWOKTI!, 



TUB KDITO) 



But thou, fUthftU to thy 
Th« Muse's law didst rightly know; 
That who would animate his lays, 
And other miuds to Tirtue raise, 
Muii feel his own with all her spirit glow. 

AusTtms, Book I Ode 



WILLIAM AND MAKY WORDSWORTH, 



t LACT I-BODUCTTaXa, TIIB 



TUB EDITOR 



WILLIAM AXD MAKY WORDSWORTH, 



Bnt thoa, fUthftU to thy 
TIm Mom's law didst rightly know ; 
That who would animate his lays, 
And other mluds to rirtue raise, 
Mosi tel his own with all her spirit glow. 

Akcisiok, Book I OdsBTlil. 



WnjJAM AXD MARV WORDSWORTH, 



I UlWT i-Bonucnoxi, thb 



TUB EDITOB. 



"i^.. .^*. 



* ^« 

11-. »ws4i . 



a>t* 



2G8 flouTHEV'a foems. 

irj bono of ■ poem mar ucm not oiilj' uninlenting, bvt 
BTOD npuliivB. Hcilher oan sucli a ekeloli be csrMinljr ft Iroa 
rsiiraieutBlliiii of tb« in8rs»U>ry oflbaporftot work; bocauu, 
•Ten of lh« fflvr putloultm tboro nolvd, Mvont migbt, in tim 
WMrkiDB «ut a( (lie poem, be altered ar sxtiungeil. 

Of til* other [iloos bars collocMd, tlie " Prngmeoluy 
Thougliti occuioiiBi] by bla Soii't Death," Bn>l the ~Sban 
Pauage* of Soilpcum," nra printed u much for the parpuM 
cf Ei*i°f! freih ptoorof tbe parity anil elevitiou of hU ebtirae- 
lar u for Ibeir own intriiiBio leaaty. Bin kjd Herbert — ot 
wbom be wrote thui m the Culluquie^ "I called to iniiHl 

my tiopeful H , too, to ol>en the iweec aoinpinuon a( my 

aomiug VbUu to tliiaTerytpoI.iii wliom I bad fuiiilly ILuught 
mr better piut abould hnve lurvlved me. nod — 



■ Wltb >1 






died ITth April, lets, being obont ten yean old,— a boy of 
raaarkable g«tiiu>, and aweeineMordiiputitiou. TbeM Frag- 
meaU bear a duie at ibeir commeacenieDt, Stl May, llile, but 
do not Hem nil nritleii at Uie ume tiiDe. Tbe author at one 
time cODtamplated foundbig upon tbem a cooaldorable wimIe, 
of ■ inediUtiTe and deeply eerioDaca*!. ButnUbough he,llka 
Schiller, afler tbe vuiiihing of bia ideali, alwayi found " Loi' 
ployDieut,* 11)0 neTer-tiring." one of hit mie^t frieodi, yet tbU 
partjcalat fonn of employmeat, which leeiued at flnt ittriK- 
tlira lo bim, bad not, wbea tried, Ibe (outbiDg efieot upua bb 
fMlogi wbbib WH Dscdfuli aud in March, IHIT, he wrlm, 
that ha "had Dot roooTered heart ouoagb lo procood with It." 
Tbe " Pauagu of Seriptuie " are found In oiiu oT hla latett 
IMt«-bookt. Tbsy were etidenlly not written with any vlaw 
to pubUcntlon, but nioH aliDply from tlie pare pIsMUn wblob 
he took in marking donrn, after hla owd laibion, ver«e* that 
■ttncud bis pvotiool tjute, altliei by the lorse of tune pe- 



• SrWUtrt ■' I 






PREFACE TO OLIVER NEWMAN. 269 

onliar idea, or by the musical harmony of the words in our 
English version. Moreover, these passages seem illustrative 
of the structure and choice of language In some of his poems; 
for they lead us to observe in them also the effects of habitual 
study of the Holy Scriptures, — evidenced not only by the 
references, which are frequently given, but also, which is more 
important, by the apparently unconscious use of a diction bor- 
rowed from the poetical and imaginative portions of the Bible. 
It was natural that a writer of so energetic a mind as the 
late Poet Laureate would leave many unfinished projects. 
Besides the Fragments here published, he had commenced a 
poem on ^ Robin Hood,*' the manuscript of which is not among 
his other poetical pafiers. He had also thought of a series of 
** Inscriptions in Honor of English Poets," the notice of which, 
M it is short, may be here inserted. 

" Tuesday, 8ept. 6, 1814. 

** IKSCBIPTIONS for the Poetical Ground of these Kingdoms; 
i.e., a tribute of respect to all tho)«o poets who deserve it. 
This, I think, would be a worthy tjisk. 

Chaucer — at Woodstock ? Blenheim will become an empty 
name, and that palace a pile of ruins, while he remains. 

Malvern — Piers Ploughman. 

Lydgate — at Bury. 

Spenser — by the Mole. 

Surrey — at his place of burial, if that be known; other- 
wise, at the chief seat of the Howards. 

Amwell — Warner and Walton and Scott. 

T. Warton — by the CherwcU. 

Rokeby — Mason and Scott, and Morritt himself. 

Davenant — Cowes Castle. 

Sylvester — Dounington; buried at Middleburg." 

Lastly, it may be not unfitly recorded, that some notes exist 
preparatory to a poem in honor of her moje?ty Queen Victoria. 
During the first years of this reign, severe reflections were 
from time to time made upon the Poet Laureate for his silence. 
Now, the solemn events which have happened since that time 
allow us to suppose that the Spirit of Poetry was then too 
dead witliin him to penuit him to undertake this new labor. 



270 



SOUTH El's rOEUS. 



It oolf remuns to be said, thnt ttaeis poems iire pHotnd m 
ba left tbcm; and thai, as uone of them hm) r<^coived hit Bnnl 
Gonecliani for Uie preis, there ma; be derecti of luiguige 
vbich he himself woold bnra removed. At the tiuae tmie, it 
It honestly avowed, tliat, deBerredly high at his repnlnlioo, 
both 19 ■ poet and a man, hiis ttood nmong the writers of hia 
genemlion, — dow, alas I tut depnrting from us, — t, elniiig 
oooBdenoa U felt thftt Ihii imiiLll volnme will In no wnf dero- 
gate from it) and in Ihii bope it is commiUed to the worli). 



Viavim, Nw. i, IE 



OLIVER NEWMAN, 

A NEW-ENGLAND TALE. 



Tote Tttcavai yap 
Qv9 L Tcovei TtCf del novav /n^fn/v hc^tv. 

Sophocles : (Ediput Coloneusj L 608 



I. 

FUNERAL AT SEA. 

The summer sun is riding high 

Ainid a bright and cloudless sky ; 

Beneath whose deep o'erarching blue 

The circle of the Atlantic Sea, 

Reflecting back a deeper hue. 

Is heaving peacefully. 

The winds are still ; the ship with idle motion 

Rocks gently on the gentle ocean : 

Loose hang her sails, awaiting when the breeze 

Again shall wake to waft her on her way. 

Glancing beside, the dolphins, as they play. 

Their gorgeous tints suffused with gold display ; 

And gay bonitos in their beauty glide : 

With arrowy speed, in close pursuit, 



272 aouTHEv's poeus. 

Tbej through the azure waters sboot; 

A freliler shoal before rhem in nffright 

Spring from llie wave, and in sliort flight, 

On wet atiil plumeJess wing, essay 

The aerial element. 

The greedy followers, on the chase intent, 

Dun forward still with keen and upturned sight, 

And, to iLeir proper danger blind the while. 
Heed not the sharks, which have for many a day 
Hovered behind (be ship, pre^entient of their pr^ 

So fair a season might per<>uadc 

Ton crew to try the fibber's trade ; 

Yet from (be Mem no line is hung, 

Nor bait by eager sea-boy fiung ; 

Nor doth the watchful sailor stand 

Alert to strike, harpoon in hand. 

Upon the deck assembled, old nnd young, 

Unniheaded all in reverenee, eee them tlieralj 

Behold where, hoisled balf-mast high, 

The English fing hangs mounifully I 

And. bark ! what solemn sounds are these j 

Heard in the silenee of tlie seas? 

" Klnn that b bom of woman, short his lime, 

Anil full of woe ! lie springeth like a flower. 

Or like the grass, thnt, green at morning primes 

Is ciii and withereth ere tJie evening hour; 

Never doth he continue in one stHy, 

Itui like a shadow doth be puss away." 



27B 



It was that awfiil stnun, which saith 

How in the midsa of life we are in death : 

** Yet not for erer. O Lord God most high ! 

Savioor I Tei not for erer shall we die ! " 

Sf^tr from a voice more eloqnent did ia%jet 

Aiise, with fervent pietv sincere. 

To every heart* of all the listening crew, 

It made its wav, and drew 

Even irom the hardv s^aman^'s eves a tear. 

** God.** he pursned, ~ hath taken to himsielf 

The «koal of onr departed sister dear : 

We then commit her bodv to the deep." 

He paused ; and. at the m*ord. 

The coffin's plunge was heai^ 

A feinale voice of anguish then brake ibrth 

With sobs convulsive of a heart oppressed. 

It was a daughter's agonizing ciy : 

But soon hath she repressed 

The fit of passionate grief. 

And, listening patiently. 

In that religious effort gained relief. 

Beside the gray-haired captain doth she stand : 

One arm is linked in his ; the other hand 

Hid with the haiMikerchief her &ce, and pressed 

Her ejes, whence burning tears continuous flow. 

Down hung her head upon her breast ; 

And thus the maiden stood in silent woe» 

vol- X. T 



V74 SODTHBT'a POEMS. 

Again woa heard Uie preacher's earnest voira: 

It bade the righteoue in their failh rejoice, 

Tlieir sure ami certain Uope in Christ; for bleat 

In Him are lliey who from their labors resL 

It rose into a high tbaiiksgiving strain, 

And pruned the Lord, who from a vorld of p 

Had now been pleased to set his Bervaut free: 

*- Hapten Ihj kingdom, Lord, that all maj rest g 

In manhood'e fiiirest prime was he who praye 

Even in the flower and beauiy of his youth. 

These holy words and fervent tones portrayed 

The feelings of his inm^t ^oul sincere ; 

For scarce two monlha had Slled their short careei 

Since from the grave of her who gave him birtlli 

That sound had struck upon hia ear. 
When to the doleful wordi of " Earth lo earth* 

lu dead response the senselet^ coffin gave: 
Oh I who cau e'er forget Uiat echo of the grave ? 

Now, in (he grace of God dismissed, 

They separate as tliey may, 
To narrow limits of the ship confined. 
Nor did the impression lightly pass away, 
Even from the unreflecting sailor's mind: 
They pitied that sweet maiden, there beref^ 
AJooe on shipboard among strangers lell ; 
They spake of that young preacher, day by day, 
How, while the fever held its fatal course. 



OLIVER NEWMAN. 275 

He ministered at the patient sufferer's side, 

Holding of faith and hope his high discourse ; 

And how, when all had joined in humble prayer, 

She solemnly confided to his care, 

Till to her father's hands she could be given. 

Her child forlorn, and blest him ere she died. 

Thej called to mind how peaceful, how serene, 

Like one who seemed already half in heaven. 

After that act, she yielded up her breath ; 

And sure they wished their end like hers, I ween. 

And for a comforter like him in death. 



n. 

THE VOYAGR 

The maiden on her narrow bed 

To needful solitude hath fled : 

He who performed the funeral prayer 

Leans o'er the vessel's head ; and there, 

Contemplating the sea and sky. 

He muses of eternity. 

The captain paces to and fro 

The deck with steady step and slow ; 

And at his side a passenger. 

Conversing as they go. 

Their talk was of that maid forlorn, 

The mournful service of the mom, 



Anil tliu young man, ivhose voice of lieiulMt fiiil|j 

llrcHtlicil hope mid comfort o'er tlie bed of dea 

~ Capltiin," ciuoth Randolph, " joii huve borne j 

Era lliis, I ween, lo Boatun's eliore, 

Sainis by tlie dazeo iind the SM>re; 

But, if he preach as he can pray. 

The Boston men will bless ihe day 

On whidi you liroughl this tr<!n.~iire o'er: 

A yuutli like him ihey well rony call 

A son of thunder, or a second Paul." 



Thereat the euploin Eniiktl, mid said, 
"Oh, hang ttie broad face and round head. 
Hard lu iron, and heavy as lead 1 
I hare whi.'iled for a wind er« now. 
And thoughi it cheap to crack a swl, 
If it sent ihe canting breed below. 
Jonah was tliroe daya in the whale i 
But I have had fellows here, I Irow, 

With lungs of brazen power. 

Who would not fail to [ireoch a whale 

Dend-sick in half an hour. 

One Sundny, when on the Banks we lay. 

These Ruundbends, lliink yc, what did they? 

Because, Ihey said, 'two^ the Sabbalfa-day, 

And hallowed by the Lord, 

They took the fish which llieir scrvanla cftught, 

And ilircw tlicm overboard. 

Newman is made of dificrenl clay: 

He walks in hia own quid way; 



OLIVER NEWMAN. 277 

And yet beneath that sober mien 

Gleams of a spirit maj be seen, 

Which show what temper lies suppressed 

Within his meek and unambitious breast. 

He seemeth surely one of gentle seed, 

Wliose sires for many an age were wont to lead 

In courts and councils, and in camps to bleed.** 

Randolph replied, *^ He rules his tongue too well 
Ever of those from whom he sprung to tell : 

Whatever rank they once possessed 

In camps and councils, is, I ween, suppressed 

In prudent silence. Little love that pair 

Could to the royal Martyr bear. 

Be sure, who named their offspring Oliver. 

You have marked that volume ovef which he seems 

To pore and meditate, like one who dreams, 

Pondering ui)on the page with thought intense. 

That nought, which piisses round him, can from thence 

His fixed attention move ? 

He carries it about his person still, 

Nor lays it from him for a moment's time. 

At my request, one day, with no good-will. 

He lent it me. What, think ye, did it prove ? 

A rigmarole of verses without rhyme. 

About the apple, and the cause of sin, 

By the blind old traitor Milton ! and within, 

Upon the cover, he had written thus, 

As if some saintly relic it had been. 

Which the fond owner gloried in possessing : 



278 SOUTHET^S POEMS. 

' Givea me by mj most renerable firieody 
The author^ with bib blesdng/" 

OAFTADL 

Sits the wind there ? 



Returning him the book, 
I told him I was sorry he ooald find 
None who desenred his veneration more 
Than one who^ in the blackest deed of guilt 
That blots our annals, stands participant, 
A volunteer in that worst infamy, 
Stained to the core with blesse<l Cliarles his blood; 
Although by some capridous mercy spared^ 
Strangely, as if by miracrle, he still 
Lived to disparage justice. 

CArTAlK. 

And how brooked he 
Your reprehension ? 

RANDOLPH. 

With his wonted air 
Of self-possession, and a mind subdued. 
And yet it moved him ; for, though looks and words 
By the strong mastery of his pnictised will 
Were overruleil, the mounting blood betrayed 
An impulse in its secret spring too deep 
For his control. But, taking up my speech. 



He answered with a simulated smile; 
" Sir, you say weU : by miracle iodeed 
The life so fairly forfeited Beems spared; 
And it was worth the special care of Heaven, 
£Ue liad liie hangman and the insensate axe 
Cut off this toil divine." With that his eyes 
Flashed, and a wanner feeling flushed hia check. 
" Time will bring down the Pyramids," he cried, 
" Eldest of humiui works, and wear away 
The dreadful Alps, co-eval with hiniself : 
But while yon nun ehall hold his place asagaeA, 
This ocean ebb and flow, and the round earih. 
Obedient t« the Almighty Mover, fill 
Her silent revolutions, Hilton's mind 
Shall dwell wttli us, an influence and a {>ower; 
And thi« greui mouuinent, which he hath built, 
Outliving Empires, Pyramids, and Alp§, 
Endure, the lasting wonder of mankind." 



This is stork madness. 



Of stark poetry, — 
Two things aa near as Grub Street and Moorflelda. 
Bat he come bravely off; for, softening soon 
To bis habitual suavity, he said. 
Far was it from bis lliouglit to vindicate 
m deeds of treason and of blood. Tbe wi»c 
Had sometimes erred, tlic virtuous gone astray : 



280 SOCTBETti FOESS. 

Too surely in ourselves we felt the seed 
" Of that forbiddea tree, whose mortal ta>te 
Brought de&lh into itte world, and all our woe."' 
His fiHend, like other men, had drawn a part 
Of that sad heritage : he loved in bim 
Hid wiedom and LU virtue, not his faults. 



Well said, and nuitfully, like oi 
The honest truth. 



) who speaks 



And we must needs admit, he hath not leA ^ 

His native countty in ibat piggiih mood 
Which neither will be led nor driven, but gruDi« 
And striven with stubborn neck and groundling 

enoul, 
Stroggling through mire and br^e, to right mid left. 
No matter where, so it can only take 
The way it should not go. One of that herd, 
Bather than read the service, would have seen 
The dead thrown overboard without a prayer. 



Vet he haib freiiks and follies of opinion ; 
The bubbles of a yeasty mind, that works 
As it would crack its vessel 



12 SEVXUC iSl 






ObItso 

XoduDg bsE din aad b iGovse^s b«iund ii. 

I fear, bj tkrth izri l^ynrvrtzi I p^^rcetve it 
With dorrov. seesi:^ on bow £ur a stock 
Tlie nnhickT £7X3 i« ?<^ 

Whv then, alas 
For that poor Annal^^L if she most haye 
Xbift fiuther cause lo rue our baneful factions I 
Tbe wretched sirife alr^i'iv hath entailed 
Upon her hickle?s fiunilv the lo>s 
Of fair posses&ionfw fnend<i, and native land ; 
And now a chance hath otTered. which to her, 
I tzow« mifiht hu^elv m:ike amend> for all. 
It would be hard indeed, when all things seem 
To square so well, — youth, opj>ortunity, 
Their fortunes one, the natural dower of each 
So equal, and so bountifully given, 
A dying mother's blessing to cix>wn all, — 
It would be hard indeed, should lovultv 
Forbid the banns. 



SOUXnErs P0E«3. 



I know tier fiilbcr's Iemper|| 
True as his own Tulc<lo to the ciias« 
Wherein Iliey both were trieiL Nor will c 
Ingratitude of TOurts, und banishment, 
{For n grant in ihe -American wilderness 
Only calls exilo b;' a fnirer name.) 
Subdue hia hi^h-wroiight virtue Satisfied 
At last, by years of palienl, painful proof, 
That loyalty must find in ils own proud sense 
Its own rewaJ-d, that piide he will bequeatli^ 
His eliijjreii sti their best inherilance, — 
A single lieir-luom rescued from llic wreck. 
And worlli wliate'er was lost. 



'Tis well ihe yoi 
Think? Ie«8 of earth than heaven, and haih I 

heart 
More with the angels than on human love: 
But if »uch thoughts and hopes have entered lti<fl 
As would eome forty year^ ago have found 
Quick entrance, and narm welcome 100| in minfl^'l 
Hts ugly baptism utay mar all, and make him 
Breathe tniiledictioits on his godfathers, 
Tliuugli old Nol himself were one. 



Howbeit 'twill win h 
Wor^liip anil friends in the dty of the saini 



Andf OQ die carf ot sobisr Bosfioa mexu 
OtiTer win Q«i ;& miDLe aii}r« -si^rQnr 
Thaa Trlcalorij^ii or Sr:iiii£-tktK:-ia-chi«->LQpi^ 
LKRflge 'IT yirfaflT. G^r?hi:ffl. IcbiiboiL 
pRiK*i-Gi>L or HIT oc thft B(ireboa«!s bn«d. 
TWt rise apoa the 'ji^-iu^lj'iiij with liftL'^es 
A fall cneb. kiti^v rhm cEkj cook to bed ; 
Experi^iuxd clots^s f'Kd tbeir bab«?s dba£ dsr 
By ipooc be.'aasse tte niixberj' milk c< <our ; 
And. «h<n thej mocm Bpoo the MaitrrdoiBu 
^Tts for the expiatiiXL tux the crime. 
Oh^ t&er kyre dearly ooe of rike preckn? seed ! 
TTbam, finoe Sucrr, In their secret hearts 
Holds place of Caivary. For saints and raartyrSk 
Neoe liLe their own Hu:!b Peters, and the heads 
On the Han voar onlr relics ! Fii\een rears 

mm m 

TheT hare hid amon;; th<>m the two reincides> 

Shtfling from den to cover, as we found 

Where the «cent lay. But, earth them a$ thej 

will, 
I shall unkennel them, and from their holes 
Drag them to light and justice. 

CAPTJLDI. 

There hath been 
Much wholesome sickness thrown away, Sir Ran* 

dolph. 
On your strong stomach ! Two sea- voyages 
Have not sufficed to clear the bile wherewith 
You left New England ! 



SOUTHET S I'OEMS. 



Nay. it I 
I draw near their shore*. 



Wliy (hen, Icxtk sfaor 
For a sharp fit ; for, if the fky tell true, 
AuoQ we dhall have yriad, and lo our wish. 



So spake the Cuplain ; for his eye, 

Vewed in all signs and weathers. 

Disoerned faint trai-ea in the ensiem sky, 

Sucb as a lion's paw might leave 

Upon the desert when iLe sands are drj. 

Thn dog-TOne now blows out wiih ii^ light fealhtc 

And, lo I tiie i^hip, which like a log hath Iain, J 

Heayilj rolling on the long slow pwell, 

Stin Willi her proper impiiUe now, nod gnlhei 

A power like life beneath Ibe helniamnn*s vrilL-^ 

Her head lies right; the rising breeze 

Astern comes rippling o'er the snaa ; 

A tnunp of feet I a sound of busy vdil'M I 

The cnrdage rattles, and the topswis fill ; 

All hands are active, every heart rejoices. 

Blest with fair schs and faTomble skiea, 

Right for ber pniniiseii land 

The gulbint vessel tUea: 

Far, fitr behind her now 

The tbaniy furrow lies i 



OLIVER MKWMAK'. 



Like dust around tier prow 
The oi:ean spray is driven. 



O Uiou lair creuture of tlte bumun baud I — 

Tbuu ivbo wei't pitUted bite, 

When the ileud wim lay heavy on tlie deep, — 

Again bast lUuu received tbe lireath of Heaven ; 

And, waJdug fruui ihy ^ep, 
Aa fltrtngih aj^uiii to thuse bruud wings is given. 

Thou putieat furih thy beauty and iby slate i 

Bold on with happy winds tby prosperous way ; 

And may no slorm ibat gocdly pride aUu«, 

Nor bafliiitg airs tby destined course delay, 

Tfor the sea-rover seize thee for hia pray; 

But miuiaUring angels wait 

To watch for ihee, against all Ml eveut 

From man, or from the reckless element 1 

Thou husl a richer li'eJght 

Thau ever ve^^^ bore from Opbir old, 

Or spicy ludia ^eut, 

Or Lisbon welcomed lo ber joyful quay 

From her Brazilian land of gems and gold; 

Thou earnest pious hojie and pure desires. 

Such as approving angi^U might behold ; 

A beort of (iniut mould, 

A spirit that a^pLjaa 

Y To heaven, and draws iU tlame from heavenly fires; 

Genius, Devotion, Kaitli, 

Stronger tban Tmiu or Doaih i 

A tempur of the liigb heroic mood, 



)6 pocthey's rOEM^j. 

B}' that strong faith cxalt«<l, nud ^ubdaed 

To a mngiiiuiimou« toriiiudc. 
The bloiisom at' all viriiic:; dost llioii bcur. 
The seed of noble actions I Go ibjr way 
RejoiciDgty, from fear and evil free ; 
These slioll be tliy defence. 
Beneath the nll-prcscnt ai'in of Providence^ \ 
Against all perils of the treadicrous S' 



CAPE COD. 

Dats p<iss, wiods veer, and favoring skies 

Change lik^the face of fortune; slomii arisa. 

Safely, but not within her port desired, 

The good ship lies. 

Where Uie long ^andy Cape 

Bends and embrocea round, 

Am with a lover's arm, the sheltered tea, 

A huveu she lutth found 

FrwD adverse gnles and boisterous billows (nt;. 

Now strike your «ails, 

Ye toil-worn mariners, and take your rest 

Long UB ilie fierce north-west 

In that wild fit prevails, 

Tossing tlie wave* uplorn with traniic sway. 

Keep ye within llie bay. 



OLIVER NKWIIAN. 287 

Contented to delaj 

Your course till the elemental madness cease. 

And heaven and ocean are again at [>eace. 

How gladly there, 

Sick of the uncomfortable ocean, 

Ttie impatient passengers approach the shore ; 

Escaping from the sense of endless motion, 

To feel firm earth beneath their feet once more, 

To breathe again the air 

With taint of bilge and cordage undefiled, 

And drink of living springs, if there they may, 

And with fresh fruits and wliolesome food repair 

Their spirits, weary of the watery way I 

And, oh, how beautiful 

The things of earth appear 

To eyes tliat far and near 

For many a week have seen 

Only the circle of the restless sea 1 

With what a fresh delight 

They gaze again on fields and forests green, 

« Hovel, or wliatsoe*er 

May bear the trace of man*s industrious hand ! 

How grateful to their sight 

The shore of slielving v-and, 

As the light boat moves joyfully to land I 

Woods tliey beheld, and huts, and piles of wood, 
And nmny a trace of toil, 



288 solth«t's roEus. 

Bui not gre«n fields or pasture*. Tntu a laixl 

Of pinca sad saiid, — 

Dork pia««, that from the loose and (^ai-kSog 

Rose in their strength aspiring: litr nnd niderj 

Thev sent iheir ^cari^hiiig roou on every 

And thu», by deptli and long exteusion, fbiui( 

Firm hold and gra«p within that treacherous gi 

So had thcT risen and flourishi'd i till the 

Unstable aa its neighboring OL-eiui there. 

Like ail unnatural mother, heaped around 

Their trunks itd wav^ furrows triule and faij 

And stifled thu« the living; thin^ it bore. 

Hulf buried thus they stand. 

Their eummils sear and dry. 

Marking, like monuments, the fmicnil 

As when the toasts uf somK tall vessel show 

Where, on the taial shoals, a uiredt lies 

bebw. 



Such was the tu^enial eanh ; nor was the ait% 

Fre^i and delightful there : 

A noisome taint upon the hreuih it bore ; 

For they who dwelt upon tbat sandy shure. 

Of meudowrt aikd of gui'denn look no eare ; 

Tbey sowed not, neither did ihey reap : 

The oeeau was their field, tlieir fioc^ and herfe^ 

The myriitd-moving armies of the deep{ 

The whale their mighty cliase, whose bones I 

The i^ndy mur^n of lliat ample buy ; 



OLIVER NEWMAN. 289 

And all about, in many a loathly heap. 

The offal and the reeking refuse lay. 

Left there for dogs obscene and carrion birds a prey* 

Oliver, as they approached, siud thoughtfully, 

" It was within this bay 

That they, into the wilderness who bore 

The seeds of English feith and liberty. 

First set their feet upon the shore. 

Here they put in, escaping from the rage 

Of tempests, and by treacherous piloti^ 

Led, as it seemed to fallible men, astray : 

But God was with them ; and the Providence 

Which errs not had designed his people's way.** 

" A blessed day for England had it been," 
Randolph exclaimed, *^ had Providence thought good. 

If the whole stem round-headed brotherhood 

Had followed, nuin and woman, great and small : 

New England might have prospered with the hnxnl. 

Or seas and sharks been wekH)me to them all/' 

** Alas, how manv a broken familv 

Hath felt that bitter wish ! " the youth replied ; 

And, as he spake, he breathed a silent sigh. 

*^ The wounded heart is prone to entertain 

Presumptuous thoughts and feelings, which arraign 

The appointed course of things. But what are we, 

Short-sighterl creatures of an hour, 

That we should judge ? In part alone we see, 

VOL. X. U 



290 8O0they'& ror.MS. 

And lliis but dimly. lie, wlio ordercth dl, I 

B<'liol(lelh all, nt once, »Dd Ui the end : 

Upon His wisdom and His power. 

His mercy aud His bouiidlcsa love, we rest; i 

And, resting Lhu!i in huinblti titilli, w<; know, 

Wliether the present \x far wi-iil or woe, 

For us wliitlever is must needs be btst." 

Tlius while he spake, the bont liud reacbed iliu h 

And, grating g«ully, rei-ied oh the sand. 

They step ashore; llie dwellers gaiber iiigli: 

" Wbeni-e tomes tbe vessel ? whither is she bound ? " 

Then for Old England's welfare they inquire i 

Eager alike for question and r^ply. 

With open lips and ears attending round: 

** What news of war and plague and plola and drsfl 

Till, satisfied of Ibesc, with phevrful core 

The board and l>owl they hnsten to prepare {J 

Eocb active in bis way. 

Glad of some bwful busitiess, that may bnsal 

Tbe tedium of an idle Sahbalb-dny. 

But, fVom tbe stir of thai loquacious crei 

Oliver meaniiine apart (torn all withdrew. 

Beyond the bare and sapless pines, which « 

Half overwhelmed with sand, 

lie passed, and, entering tn (he wood, 

Indulged his burlbeuod heart in solitude, 

" Thou £arib, receive me, from my native It 

An unoffending exile I Hear toy claim I 



OLIYER NEWMAN. 



291 



Id search of wealth I have not sought thj shoie, 

Nor covetous of fame, 

Nor treading in the ambitious steps of power ; 

But hiding from the world a hapless name, 

And sacrificing all 

At holiest Dut/s call, 

Thou barbarous Land, of thee I only crave, 

^ For those I love, concealment and a grave." 

Thus he relieved his breast ; jet did not dare 

Allow himself full utterance, even there : 

To part he gave a voice ; and then, in fear, 

Shaped with his lips, inaudiblj, the rest : 

With that the very air 

Might not be trusted ; and he looked around. 

Alarmed, lest human ear 

Had caught the unfinished sound. 

Some tears stole down his cheek, now not repressed 

And, kneeling on the earth, he kissed the ground. 

Unbidden thoughts then took their course, and drew 

The future and the past before his view : 
The haunts, the friendships, and the hopes of 

youth, — 

All, all, forsaken ; no dear voice 

Ever again to bid his heart rejoice ! 

Familiar scenes and faces 

Only in dreams should he behold again ; 

But, in their places, 

The wilderness, wild beasts, and savage men I 



292 souTHBi'e POEMS. 

Soon from that poigiunt thought 

His soul upon tlie wing^ of hope took fli^tt 

And strong imaginatioii brought 

Visions of joy before his inward sight. 

Of regions yet by EngUsbmeu unsought. 

And ancient woods, was that delightful dream, — 

The brond savanna and the Mlver ei 

Fair bowers were there, and gardens «iiuled, I 

Aud harresis flourished in the wild ; 

And, while he made Redeeming Love his ttM 

Savage no longer oow, 

The Indians stood around, 

And drank salvalion with the Ktund. 

One Cbriati&n grave was ihere. 
Turfed well, and weeded bj- his pious car^ 
And redolent of many a fragrant flower i 
And herb profusely planted all about. 
Within hia bower 
An old man sate, in patienix and in p 
While the low sands of life ran o 
Awaiting his release. 
That old tnan laid his hand upon his head, 4 
And blest him^daily, when ihe day was doiWf I 
And Uearen was open to him, and he si 
His molhet'g spirit smile, and bless her g< 

Thus to the voluntary dream resigr 
He lay, while blended sounds of air at 
Lulled his Dnconscious mind 



OLIYEB NEWMAN. 293 

With their wild symphony. 

The wind was in the pines, awakening there 

A sea-like sound continuous, and a swell 

At fitful interrals, that mingled well 

With ocean's louder roar, 

When the long-curling waves, 

Reach after reach in regular rising, fell 

Upon the sandy shore. 

Long might he there have lain, but that, in tones 

Which seemed of haste to tell, 

Once, twice, and thrice pronounced he heard his 

name: 
Too sweetly to his ears the accents came. 
Breathed from the gentle lips of Annabel. 

With hurried pace she comes, and flushed in face, 

And with a look, half-pity, half-afiriglit, 

Which, while she spake, enlarged her timid eyes, — 

" sir, I have seen a piteous sight ! " 

The shuddering maiden cries ; 

" A poor wild woman. Woe is me ! among 

What worse than heathen people are we thrown ? 

Beasts, in our England, are not treated thus ; 

Our very stones would rise 

Against such cruelties ! 

But you, perhaps, can reach the stony heart ; 

Oh I come, then, and perform your Christian part." 

She led him hastily toward a shed. 
Where, fettered to the doori)ost, on the ground 



2^i 



southet's pokms. 



Ad Indian woman sate. Her hands wt^ce bound i 

Her dbouldei's and her luick were wuled and 

s<»reil 

Wilb recent slrijies. A boj' stood by. 

Some seven years did, wlio witli a [ill 

Beheld hl^ suflWiiig mother, and ilefilored 

Her injuries with a ery, 

Dit^ji. but not loud, — an tillerouce tiint expreefcil 

Tliu mingk-d fct^lings swelling in bis breast, — 

Insiin(:iive love iriteti,<(e, llie burning sense J 

Of wrong, intulerublo grief of heart. 
And rage, to think bia arm atM not fulfil ^ 
The piuus vengeauee of Ills passionate wUl 

His sister by the door 
Lay liiisking in llie euu : too young was she 

To feel the burthen of tiicir misery : 
R«cklesa of all llint pasted, her lilile h 
Played idly with tiie sod and glittering n 

At this abhorred sight. 
Had there been place for nught 
Bui |iity, half relievc;d by indignation, 
They would havu seen tlie Indian woi 

Not with surprise alone, but admiraiifin g 

With sui'h severe composure, such on o 

or stern endurantte, did she bear 

Her lot of ak^lulc despair. 

You rather might have deemed. 

So fixL-d and hard the strung bron/c fealurcc 

Beemed, 



OLITBB KEWMAN. 295 

Thai ihey were of some molten statue part, 

Than the lire sentient inJex of a heart 

Suffcriug anil struggling with extremes! wrong; 

But that the coarse jet hair upon her back 

Hung loose and lank and long, 

And that sometimes she moved her lai^ black 

eye, 
And looked upon the boy who there stood neepiog by. 

Oliver in vain attempted to assuage, 
With gentle tones and looks compaiisionaie, 
The bitterness of that young Indian's rage. 
The boy drew back abhorrent from his hand, 
Eyed bim with fierce disdain, and breathed 

In inarticulate sounds his deadly hate. 

Not so the mother: she could understand 

His thouglilful pity, and the tears which fell 

Copiously down Ihe cheeks of Annabel 

Touched by that unaccustomed sympathy, 

Her countenance relaxed : she moved her head 

As if to thank them both j 

Then frowning, as she raised her mournful eye, — 

" Bad Christian-man 1 bad English-man ! " she 

said; 

And Oliver a sudden sense of shame 

Felt for the English and the Christian name. 





^^BI^B 






solituey's POKiis. 


1 




IV. 




THE 


CAPTIVES IlANSOMIvl). 

auvju. 




,Bir, 


who omia lilt- luJiau womuii 




» lied 


ill yonder Lut ? 






Whiii ! you hove seen. 


llicn. 


1 she-wolf III 
i 


i<l her wIk^Iiis? 





She had) indeed 
A strange wild aspect; aiid Ihc boy appears 
or a fierce nature. I should think her owner 
Would find her an unprofitable slave. 



Why, sir, you reckon rigblly ; and, methinks, 
Without a conjurer's skill you well may think m>: 
Those fetters, and the marks upon her skin. 
Speak her deserta. On week-days, with the whiii 
We keep her tightly to her work ; but thus 
Her Sabbath must be spent, or she would put 
The wilderness between her and her owner. 
An honest dealer ncrer paid good money 
For a worse piece ; and for that boy of hers, 
He is a true-bred savage, blood and bone. 
To the marrow and heart's core. 



OLIVEU NEWMAN. 



No mother like your ^uaw to (rain a cLjIiI 

la llic way she would liave liim go: die makes luu 

Bubller 
I'haa [lie sly snake, uiitmuftble as bear 
Or bufiUlo, fierce a» a t'amiiibed wolf, 
And crueller tLan Fretieli judges, Spauii^ A'tara, 
Or Duiebmen in the East. His earliest playlbing 
la a gteea scalp ; and then, for lollijwp, 
The toasted finger of an £ngliiihiiiai) ! 
Young as he is, I dare be sworn be knows 
Where ie the liveliest pait to stick a skewer 
Into a prisotior's flesli, and wbciv to scoop 
The tendere^t moutblbl. If ibc Devil himself 
Would learn devices to afilict the dsmncd 
WUh sharper tormenu, lie niiglit go to school 
To a New-England savage. 



I pcreeive, sir, 
Vou know them well. Pu'liaps you may have 

Of this young devlling's fuilier: Ke was not«d 
For a most bloody savage in his day. 
Tbey called biin Kawnucum. 



Wiini ! Kawitacoin, 



□ (^TS POElia. 



The Mimo ; 
-t of iMi[iiaiii iir or prints among lliem. 



t DOtoTHHU villain I Bat I left him 
e with the Engliah ? 



And 70a fisd luin m^— 
«r the odI^ b(ul be would not break : 
-allet through the heart is Buret; for him. 
lou have not learnt, I guess, what dreadful worit 
There is In the back country? — families 
Burnt in their houses ; stragglers tomahawked 
And scalped, or dragged away that they may die 
By piecemeal murder, to make mockery 
For ihe^ incarnate devils at the slake. 
Farms are forsaken ; towns are insecure. 
Men sleep with one eye open, and the gun 
By their bedside ; and, what is worse, they know not 
How far the league extends, nor whom to trust 
Among these treacherous tribes. Old people say 
That things wera not so bad in the Pequod war. 



I 



What, then, have we been idle ? 



Hitherto 
But little li&s been done. The evil found us 




ULIVKK SEWIIAN. 



L^>[Wtl in £«vuriir. and ui^pr^^Mn-J : 

Nor know w« vbrrv to ^riktv imt whodk At darkly 

Xlie mUizbiei' baxh Uvn Uid. 



$irik( wbnrv w^ ' 
So mt tiiikv hard, we oaniK't err. The blow 
Thai ndi ui oi au Induui ilot>s jnoij scrvke^ 



'llua went » beiier s«^r\iiv whtdi should win 
Tbe savugv iti vour lri«iMlshiiv 



toil Mv voun^, sir, 
AbA 1 pciwive, » straiip.'r in ihe Isndj 
Or you would know liow Ikh>iU-&s is llu- «llNU{>t 
To unie and civilUf iheae I'lii-mic*, 
Uaa4>east& or man-fiend:!!, — eall tliem wliioh vnti 

wilU — 
Tlietr luonstruua naiiuv bein^ halt bnilo. Iinll' devil, 
Nothing about them bmiiiiu but their lunii. 
He who exiH'iid^ hi« kimUies^ on a »avH);(', 
Thinking to win liis trii-ndsliip, tiiighl as wisely 
Plant iltoru.*. and hofM; lo gather gRi|K<$ at vintage. 



Look but to Manila's Viiieynnl, and lii'huld 
On your own shores lliu iiitiiosMiltility 
Achieved, — the standing uiiruele disjilaynl 



300 



SOCTtTET's POKMS. 



In public view, apparent to all eyes, 
And famoiu ihivugh nil rounlriee wherooeVr 
The Gospel [ruili h known 1 Many are rhe h 
In dieUnt England which liave overflowed 
Will) pious joy lo read of HJacoomes, 
Whose prayeribl house iho jicstilence jtassed bjd 
Aiid blind Wawompek, — he within whose d 
The glad thank ligiving eir^n or choral p 
Fails not, at mum and cvc, from year to year ; 
Anil ilic Sachem, who rejoiced because the lim 
Of light was come, and now his rriiinirynien, 
Erring and lost, no longer should go down 
In ignorance nnd darkneas to the grave ; 
And poor old Lazania, that rich poor roan. 
The child of poTcriy, but rich in fnilh, 
And his a.4surad inheritance in heaven. 



8 llicy guin utirood, 
Which, either lor niislnck or misdesert, 
Tli«7 toil lo find at home. 



Are thNe things false, tl 
Is llicre no truth in Maylicw's lili- of love? 
Hath not the impatient Welshman'^ ten], thatb] 
Even like a burning and consuming ftre, 
B<-(iiLei] ilauir into a steady light 
Ainung the Indiana; and (he nnine of Willlai 



the signal onoe for strife where'er in- ww 
B<!«jme ft (lassjMin and * wonl of pont 
Thn>ug:li tavage natian^? Or is tbh m i«l 
Set fonli to mock our wititk cmlnlitr ; 
Alxl All that haly F.Iint liatli ptTHinncd 
OnW a faljle ninninglv .k-vi^cd ? 



He oomcs out quaMiil to louture u, 
Upon our own affain I 



The things Tou talk of 
Serve but witli its to comfort our olil women, 
Purnish an eUlcr with pomn (^hoioi' ilii^roui'M 
For a dull sj-nod, and ranuttimni hrlp out 
Sir S|tini«xt at a piot^ when be wuuld think H 
A Gin did !>« dismias his huiigrv flock 
Before tha second glass be fairlj' spouL 
Uuch have you road, and have belirvnl a« largely : 
And yet otie work's aixxle in the colony 
Will leacb yoii more ilian all your Kngli^h reading. 



Sir, I am easy of belii^f, for ibal way 
Uy tempt'j' leadu me; liable lo cm 
And yel, I li(i|)«, not olMtinal« in error. 
But ready flill to Liiaiik ihc riper judjimoni 
That may corn.nl my iiiexpfricneetl years. 
Tuu point the Inilinns lo iLd life, 1 doubt not : 



8W sonruEr's toems. 

Children of sin, aiid iberefore hdrs of wrath. 
The likeness of Uieir Heaveitlj Sire in them 
Seems ullerly defaced ; and in it* stead, 
Almost it might l*e thouglit. lite Evil Power 
Had !;et hh stamp aud image. This shoald n 
The more lo deep eompHssion ; meir uur^lvea, 1 
la whom the accideat of birth alone 
Uakea all this awful difference 1 And, rememlM 
That Irom our commou parent we derive 
Our nature's common malady innale, 
For wbicb our commMi Saviour ofiers ue 
The only cure, — oh ! ought we uoL to f«el 
How good and merciful a deed it were 
To bring these poor lost sheep wilhia bis Ibid P 



Sheep call you them, forsooth ! When joa < 



Bears, wolves, snd tigers ia a fold, hi>|)e then 
To tame such slieep as these. 



What i^ there, s\ 
Tliul may not by K.«»iduau5 («re be won 
To do our will ? Give me u lion's cub. 
Torn from Uie teat, and I will i>o train up 
The noble bcMt lliat he shall Ibiidle me, 
And lay liis placid head upon my knees. 
And lick tny hand, and Couch at my bedside^ 
And guard me witli a dog's fidelity. 



B«liutd a lillcr rvadj lu your «Ub I 

Our frientt, if I mistake ncil, will affonj 

An eaiy purcliai-e, dun ami cube. Wlial mj you, 

Mj Uon-tatner ? 

Yuu shall hnve ihem cScap, sir ! 
A batrgNin ilint xnny tvuijil yitu : coim-^ lor liulf 
Thnt ibey w»uli] fnlcli in tlii^ Bartwilocf nurki^ 
J tocanl to sbip iIh-iu lliither, tiui would raibcr 
Sell Bi a Uta Uiao kifp Uihi woiniui longf-r. 

Thus luul lite jt^t^ grawn t«rioiu ; and it drew 

Into ibe vouiig inuu's check n drt'pcr hue. 

Uoments thcr* an; io lifc, — nlii*, liow fen ! — 

Wbm, costing void, jirudKniinl dnubts n.~iilc 

We take ■ generous iiupnUe fur our ^ido, 

hnd, tbilowing ]iivm|)lly whiU tbe benrt tliiiik* best, 

CuQtmtt lu Pruviik-nrc tbe rest. 

Sure lliul no atlrr-reckoning will nrise 

Of ^hlUtle ur sorrow i fur tbe bean is wi^e- 

Aod Iwi'i'y ibej- who thus in fniib oln-y 

Their belter nature : err eometiined tbej mnjr. 

And Mine Mid thoughts lie hravj in tbe breaiil. 

Such as by hojie dei^fived are left behind ; 

But, like a tliadow, these will \tuii imay 

FioDi the ]iure sunshine of ■ j)eut.vful mind. 



Thus feeling, Oliver ol*>> 
tlik uncorrupled heart i nor [wused, 



SOI 



)i;thkts roEUS. 



WImi liini]cranc«. wbat displeasure, might « 
Bui from his litlle Blorc of worldly veallb, 

Poor ae il was, the fcady rnnMim dr«w. 
Half eame^l, lialf Mtrcastic, Etaoilolplt noW 
Sought hiiu from that mh puri>osc to dissuitda; 
While iliB hard Cape's-nuui, nothing nice, 
Couiilcd the niODi'y, glud to get his prici;. 



I 



THE PORTRAIT. 

At length the adverse gales have censed; 

The hreath of mom is from the East, 

Where, burnishing with gold the restless sea. 

Uprose the Sun in radiant majesty. 

Unfelt that breath upon the sca:^. 

Unheard amid the silent trees. 

It breathes so quietly ; 

Yet have the seamen, on their vray intent. 

Perceived the auspicious sign. The sails are bent. 

The anchor raised ; the swelling canvas now 

Pills with the freshening breeze ; the Cape recedes, 

Its fandhiUs and its pines 

In distance fade away. 

Steady she liolds her <;-oursc ; and still the day 

Is young, when, lo! the haven is in sight; 

And crc from lus meridian height the Sua 



OLtTES XKWHAS. 



DtdiiMB, witliin iha* havon'e gtattk brMM. 

From ibe kme tabon of ber wcKtj ^my, 

Tba TCHd oMBca in KM. 



ScaIIwh) wUliiii the pMGcAii baj, 

Uanv a &ir i^ and KJei ky i 

Aad roclts and banks wliidi |] 

No porij la Ute n 

Tli« ^buns wluch Iwni arownl wrre |t«y 

With maiuK and nitb )uutur«s gnon. 

And rail^ aitd Iwdgerow-lrwa lictvtwn. 

Anil fiulds fur harveM hIiIm, 
And dweliinpi Hpnubled up and ilowni 
And rouiKl about tbf clustered town, 

^Vliioh ro^ in suiiabinc bri<Hit, 

Wsa iniiny a ah«lirtvd g«Td«u ■jxil. 

And mtuif a siuinj orchard plot. 

And bowers wfaich might iu^il* 

The Mudiotis man to take bis Mau 

Within their quiet, cool i«tiv«t, 

When noon vra« at its height. 

No henrt that wa« nt eo^e, I ween. 

Could ^ze on ihnl surrouodini; acisia 

Without a cajm delight. 



Behold Upon th« quay a pnas 

Of biiMne*<3 and of idlennast 

Where tlieee Dew-cumers land! 

Kinftfolk with anxion« quoatlona meeti 

And fiiends and liglit acquaintance greet 



aoe 

Willi jocund shake of hand: 

llie i']leis mk ihe crew of what 

Upon iheir way befell ; 

And mU, Hiid mora ihon all ihry know, 

Ttie wondering Bailors tell. 

From Uniguu to tongue the tidings ran,— 

Tbe ludjr's demh : the Umoge young nan 

His moody waya, Ida gift of prayer; 

Tlu? umid commitied to his care, 

Hi« diistiued bridt;. tbey nuthing doubting d 

And bow, Ly Buddeu fit of pity mored. 

From slavery be redeemed 

Tbe cliUdn-ii mid the wife of Kawiucom, 

(An act that all admired, but none approvedji^ 

And to their savage tribe.- (bey feared, 

Bwkle.'U of cuudmI, would conduct ihem bom& 

All mun-elled al ibe lale ; the many jeered : 

" Mad Its tbe Quakers I " :<oiiie exclaimed ; and some 

Pruyed tlmt his rmb and uiieiiligbteiied will 

Might cnuse no ai^er-trouble^ iu a Slate 

Pestered with error* and new faiieieii aliU. 

8omc shook their heads ; the more compassion 

Observed, that, where $o kind a heart was fouoi 

Pity it was ihe wits should not bf sound. 

" It is B mndne&s whick the world w 
Lerereti the Governor said, "loo «)ob 
Randolph had ri»en lo leave him, when the yot 
Entered the Governor's li'MT. " Come, let I 
play," 



S07 

Qootli lie, " the usher I " in his wonted way, 
klingling with sportive speech sarcastic truth. 
"Tour Excellency here beholds the Uan I 
Ttx Qoaker-Church of England-Puritan, 
Knight-errant, preacher, and we know not what, 
So manj things he is, and he is not; 
A hero, certe», if he would but fight ; 
A Solomon, if his notions were but right. 
Should he into a lion's den be thrown, — 
Look at those arms and eyes, and you might sweat 
Tliat he would act the London 'Prentice there; 
But trusting to the mind, forsooth, alone. 
He'd take the cubs, like lambkins, to his breast, 
And, Daniel-like, by fiiith subdue the rest. 
Then, for the harder task of savage-quelling, 
He hath a talent which exceeds all telling. 
Two fiill-bred devilings he has taugitt to greet him, 
Aad kiss as lovingly as they would eat him ; 
And he halh bought their mother squnw to leach 
That pleasant lingo, the Six-Nntion s|>cech: 
Words which would choke a Dutchnuu] or a Jew, 
Dumbfound Old Nick, and which from me or yoa 
Could not he forced by ipecacuanha. 
Drop from his oratoric lipa like manna. 
So fine wiihnl his temper [>rovcs, that it 
Hath home unhurt the file of my rough wit: 
This to his lioiior I nm bound to tell ; 
Would that he took true counsel hiilf ns welll 
And now, sir, as your favor may befriend hint, 
To thtU in right good earnest I commend him I * 



108 aOUTHET's POEM^. 

" A mail of caustic apeech ! " the GoTpmor sdd. 
FoUowiiig him wiih hia eye, as forth lie went i 

'' Yet iiulii lliia hiunur no unkind inletit: 

Hid conuuendHtion, sir, shall linve iU weighliji 

The rest we take lis it is meiuil" 



The Youtli, 

To lliut urbane aceoii, with grateful eye, ■ 

And gentle motion of the bending head, 

Bciumed n mute reply. 

There whs a troubled, meaning in his look. 

And o'er hia brow nn ashy [taii^ness spread, 

Aa forth he look 

A little cksket, and, with trembling hand 

Presenting it (» Leverelt, ^aid, 

" Tints I discharge my mothr^r'a last <wmmand r 

On her dc?uth-bed she told me I should need 
No other friend with you in my htthalf 1o [dead." 

The Oovetnor'fi countenance changed as h 
That me^iiwgi; from Ilie dead ; 
And, when he oi^ned and cunlem plated 
The sod bequest. 
Tears filled his eye% which could not t: 

It was u woman's piilure, in her youth 

And bloom portrayed by Cooper's perfect b1 

The eyes, which death had cjuencbed, 

Kept there their life and living lustre still) 

The auburn lockf^, which Sorrow's williering b 

Forcslulliiig Time, luid cliaagcd to early gn^i,,] 



DisparLing from the ivory foi'ehpwl, fell 
III ritigii^ta whu'Ji miglil lempc the breath of Mnj' ; 

The lips, HOW ooW M cby, 
SeeineJ lo lii-euilie wariuih and vernal frngrftuni 

The cheeks wern in iheir muiikii fre^hnK^s fair. 

Thus lioii tlie Umiiej''a art illvitip prescrvt^d 

A l>tuiuty wliii'li from enrth tiKil jin^ai'd itway i 

Aitd it had cuu^lit the mind wbidi gave that lace 

Its surest chnrm, its own peculiar grscc. 

A modest mien, 

A meek, submissive gnnllcneM seretiP, 

A h(.<urt on duty stayed, 

Siiupl'', sinctrre, aflcotionulc, sfdate, 

Were in tluit virgin couiitenanco portrayed. 

She was an nnj^l now ; nnd yet 

More l>e>iuiiful tluin tbis thir counterfeit, 

Even in hciiven, her spirit smrru rnuld Ik, 

I Nor aefixa from slain of ill and evil thoughts more 

Time wus when Leverelt had worn 

That pitilure like a relic in bis breast; 

Aiid duly, room wid night. 

With Love's idolnlry 

Fixed on its beauties Ins ndoring eight, 

And to his lip^ the precious cry^'lii] pressed. 

Time was, when, in the virions of his rost, 

Tliat image of delight 

Come with «weel smili-ji luid musieul voice lo blesn 

Hia sleep, and all his dn'atna were hiippioeas. 



Sir 
Unclianged 



TiUfi 
He woke, d 
But he wn 

■All unbecoi 

Thai need 

iiowl>eic 

iha deep en, 

His naiura! tcj 

But, wiping I 

OJiver's pale co 

Perusing if,e, 

ri'en look bis l,„„j_ 

Tfiy Lanlps*. — 



OLIVER NEWMAN. 311 



VI. 

FUTURE PROSPECTS. 

LEVERETT. 

Why hast thou ventured hither ? With what hope 

Or end hath natural piety betrayed thee 

To this forlorn attempt ? If to escape 

Had offered chance enough to tempt despair, 

The desperate effort had ere this been tried. 

Be sure, it hath been meditated ofl, 

And bravely ; and, had life been all the stake, 

Life had been cheaply set upon the die, 

To lose it being gain. 

OLIVER. 

They must forego 
The dear desire of e*er revisiting 
Their native land ; and in my Mother's grave 
That hope, I ween, will now be laid at rest : 
Nor could they safely seek a resting-place 
In Europe, even if we reached a ship, 
And left these shores behind us. Ofl and well 
Have I perpended this, devising ways 
For flight, and schemes of plausible disguise. 
Such thoughts in disappointment ending alway; 
Till, having offered up in fervent faith 
A disciplined and humbled heart to Heaven^ 
A better hope arose. The wilderness 



And ptill, tbou^ course of time aad &ta] fi 
Of circumslBDce. grave lliooghia and worldly o 

(Ab '. how unlike ibe bli-Aful bope^ of yonilit] 

From wbich h bad been war»c tban dealb to pull) 

Had fortified lu well as healed his bean, 

That vUioiL in her beoiitj and her truth, 

Someiinie^ would Tuit bim ; aud he, 

With ■ eofifuned bul eonseious facullr. 

Knowing full well 

That ihi^ wbicb »et;med, loo Hirely could not b^ 

Struggled against llie spclL 

Dndinnged uiid unimpnired by thirljr yc^n, 



ilw 



?, but onlj' t 



<li>.lrv 



The heart she wont to ble^ 

Till fn>ui the poinl'ul unrealitjr 

He woke, dulurlwd in spirit, and in tears. ] 

But bo wne miutcr of hU waking :iOul, 

And ixiuld ounlml 

All unlfcconiing |in>dion, and all feeling 

That nLvds rt^presaing or concealing. 

Howbeii be eougbt iwt to restrain 

Uis deep enioliou now. nur turned aside 

His uaiunU tears to bide, wliidi freely fell i ' 

But, wiping them away a niomunl, ryed 

OliTer'j pale countennnce and anxious brow, 

Peruung there his Mother's lineaments ; 

Then look his hand, and said, " Thou necd'sl not tell 

Thy baplesj name and perilous secret now: 

I know tliem but too wcIL" 



FUTURE PROSPECTS. 



Wht hast llioii ventured hither? With what liop« 
Or end haih tiHturtU piety hvtrnycd theo 
To this forlorn aileiupi? If to usiuip« 
Hnd offered dianee cuaugli to tempt despair, 
Th« deaperaie effort Imd ere tliis heeu tried. 

' Bo sure, il haib l)eeii meditated oft. 

I And bravely : and, tiad life been hU tlie stake, 
Ijfe had been cheaply eet upon the die, 

[ To lose it being gain. 



Tliey «m>L li.rego 
f The dear desire of e'er revisiting 

Their nalive land; and in my Molher'» gniv« 
I Thai hope, I ween, will now be laid at reat: 
' Nor oould ihey safely week a re«ting-pluce 
[ In Europe, even if we reached u tihi(j, 
I And left iheae shores behind u*. Oft and well 
Have 1 peqionded thi*, devising ways 
For flight, and xohemes of plausible di>;;iiitc, 
Such thouchls in disappointment endinj; nlway i 
[ TUI, having offered up in fervent faith 
I A disciplined and humbled heart to Heavenj 
, A better hope arose. The wilderneM 



SOtTQKT'6 POEll», 



warn tlie lieart egmnst its own illubiuns, 
I, nrcngtltrning it wiih patient Inpc und fahli, 
ui it agwnM all issues. To Eudi tuwrfaen 
iiiex|>Bricnce«l youih by Providence 
mercitbllir IciL Pciin haih iillone*] me 

Idm frivnd, in no ^ednrian itf>i 
•urds; And I have MIo M Millon's foci 
reverential listener. 



Mittoo's Incnddiip 
U neither hnrt nor help thee m ■ land 
wnere they, who stifHiest hold hia errors, lift not 
Their thoughts above the earth to follow him, 
When his strong spirit mounls upon the wing. 
Beyond their grovelling rision. But well is il 
Thou ha^t not from Peiin's diiiigerous fellowship 
Lciirnt his sectarian speeeh, and oilier follies 
Wlier«with that tbrraal informality 
Provokes the taw. New England wiites her statute* 
In blood against the Quakers. Thou liasl 'scaped 
Their clownish and uncivil usages ; 
But, if there be an inner taint, take heed 
To keep it hidden : openly I must not 
Allow the violation of our laws. 



Oh ! we have trespassed largely on your goodness 

Generous beyond example as thou art, 

Too largely have we taxe<l it ) and the cause, 



1 




315 

The div-udful cauM, alone can palliate 

Con<lin;t like ours townrda lliee. Not for worlds 

Would I do aught that might displeasure the«, 

Hdit uurlhly friend! whom my dear Mother never 

Named without teare, and holiest gratitude, 

Such as will surely bring upon thy bead 

The blessing that it prayed for. I come here 

Not wilfully and mndly to provoke 

Intolerant laws, nor farther lo presume 

Upon thy noble nature, but to thtuik thee, 

In her dear name, for all which thou hast done; 

To tell thee, as she chai-ged me, that in death 

She blest thee for thy goodness ; and, perfonuing 

Her latest wi?h and will, to take the burthen 

or our unhappy turtuuee on myuetf 



Her latest wish and will ! 



It was a thought 
Which added to her griefs, that you should stand 
In jeopardy for us : howbcit, she said, 
She hoiied and feh and trusted that you knew 
Her inmost mind, and Heavi^n would re«)rapenjie 
A true affection, loo severely tried. 



Thus it was ever with her gentle heart, 
By some strange fortune lilted still to prove 



SIG 



sOcthct's roEna. 



That in b«r Mren^h >ktie die root 
Of her miie weakness Iqr . 
Rnr bean 1 a Tkiim always at ihe call 
or fuioed datr 1 untv ihen imjaiA, 
Only th/ea ahatinale, when uffering op 
ItMif a bleeiiii^ famfii.¥ ! I know 



I 



Her MqaieROMtt lo At dnams was gircB ; 
Sneh as aB]Mri>ig soiDU deare, ami narqm 
Bead) to tluar trimnpli wben iIk^ daqi ibe flak» 



Twas ID no beJght uf fev^H^L exaluti-Mi. 
In DO ddnsiiia of ibe )ieat>'i3 iniiinl. 
That her consent was given ; but mutiutllj 
Our hearts received, as I believe, from Heaven 
The impulse. By ibe test of prayer we tried. 
And in the balance of the sanctuary 
Weighed it, and, having taken our resolve, 
Panook that inward peace wherewith ihe Spirit 
Doth set the seal to its aulheniic acts. 
Shake not thy head thus mnunifully, nor thus 
In disapproval knit ihe incredulous brow ! 
The purpose, wiiich at first was entertained 
With doubtfulness and fear, increased in strength, 
Whilu long infirmity and wa~[ing pain 
Consumed her mortal mould ; and at that hour, 
When it is no illusion to believe 
Thai ihe departing soul halh sight of heaven 
Opeuiug before ils happy flight, and feeU 



OLIVER SEWMXX. 817 

I The expansion of diTiner faculties 

] Phan thii! gross earth utifiilile, her looks and tokens 

I ConDmicil the injunction of her latent voice. 

And Lilci't, nnd for obedience etreuglhcned me, 

Betide what may. 



For me, then, it ri 
I Only lo show what obslacles impede 
I The jierilous cotirne from which I musl not farther 
I £Bsay lo turn tliee. Thou, who art not less 
I In mind than lineamenU Ihy Mother's image, 
I Judge for tliyself tf they be superablei. 
■Thy Gnind!>ire lives, iudecd, If it be life, 
l^t^en the poor flesh, surviving, doth etibunb 
|cTbe reasonable soiil defVincl. Below 

e reach of grief and danger he hath sunk. 
ETfae tale of hi* dear Daughter's death to him 

n he like baptism lo a chrysome babe, — 
^.Something that means he hiioivs and redu not what. 
I&afely in courl might he hold up the band, 
rlfow trembling and unconscious, vhich subsci^bed 
rThe folal waiTnnt ; even the sword of law 
FWvuId, in his pitiable estate, acknowledge 
■Tbo visitation of a higher Power, 
tjtnd turn awny its edge. But as ihou canst not, 
PEncumbe.rrd with a twichild man, pursue 
■Thy pnrpose, it must of necessity 
^He laid aside, at least till death remove 

e Impediment not eUe removable. 



318 BouTHET'a I 



I 



So be il. We must pBtienity await 

The hour of lu& release. With Time and I>»lb 

Sure reckoning may bb made. 



Tlul hour, lu tnilU. 
Caiiiiol be long delaytid, Bui what aluiU lunlte 
Til/ Faiher to thy drtama defer his own? 
If In Ills curpontl mt* mnnb^cumes 
Tlie .■'luTe of batiit, stronger iiru the ehain.t 
In wliich tiio iniiid is bound, a williog thrall. 



I understand jou not ! 



Tou do not know 



Only by report, alas ! 
As England in his years of fortune knei 
Ri^ligious, faithful, excellently skilled 
In war, and in his single person brave 
To all men's admiration. 



Enthusiast af thou i 



Yet I think, 
I, (hou nced'st not 




OLITF.R KEVMAH. 

Loam Willi how mucli alloy the ricbesl vein 

or virtues i$ loo often tbuuil combiuei]. 

TiA tbe condition of bumiinitj, 

Fntil and inlimi at be^t ; and they wbo boMit 

Sinless perteciion for their privilege, 

Bj the proud fully of tbe claim, confute 

Tbeir own insane preten?ion. 



Surely, BIT, 
My Father hatb not in the ediool erf* Christ 
So poorly profiled, nor lived so long 
A stranger lo himself and his own heart. 
That he should hold this error. 



Glad I am 
Thou scest it erroneous. Other notions 
He holds too near akin to it, the breed 
Of those pestife^ou^j and portentous limes 
Wherein his lot had fallen. Even yet he thinks 
The kin^ora of tbe Saints shall be in strength 
Established ; finds in wliaisoe'er occurs 
The accomplishment of some dark jirophecy ; 
Interprets and exjxmnils and fwlinilati's 
That soon he shall be called lo bear bis part 
In setting up again the broken ivork 
Left incomplete by oliosen Oliver. 
Thus be in one oonlinuuiis dream of bojte 
Iteeuilcd the tedious yi>ars. 



BOUTWKT's i-OEMfi- 



H«-efc 



I 



What s]ioutrl impede tnv parpose. In the <bre«t, 
TTie *ett»e of frMdom and securiij. 
Healing A wouoded spirit, may reslore 
To heallli his mind di^cuaed. 



But If tli« paxitai 
Reject ifae means of cure? He will uoi leaTs 
A pUee of reAige Khidi tin- Lord prepared 
For tiiin in liIs distre^ ; and where full surely 
He Tnipu llie enll will reach him. to ct/iuv forib 
And light iliu ^>8tti.?s of Ihe jtctti oW oau?e, 
For which he doth endure conientedly 
Tliis living niiirtyrdom. Thy Father thus 
Would answer thee ; llie malady h rooted 
In hira eo dee[)ly now. It is become 
Efsenlial in his being : long success. 
Beyond ihe most audacious of his thoughts. 
Fed and inflamed it first ; long suffering since 
Hath as il were annealed it in his soul 
With ftuhborn fortituile, bewildered faith, 
Love, haired, indignation, nil Strong passions. 
The bitterest feelings and the lenderest thoughts, 
Yea, all his earthly, all his heavenly hopes. 
And Kussel — for such sympathy alone 
Could influence him to harbor long such guests — 
Fosters the old di;hision whicli he shares. 
And ministers to i(, even in his prayers. 



r Fallioi V 
u ihiiik ? 



r know lie will nol. There ure ii 
e wiurse of wliicli, oa of some slow disi.'ii>e, 
a \iy iu fiklul frequuiii:; loo weU, 
■« ^G with hcliiletu fore^igbl, hopetcsslj'. 
t, if lie lieU'ued to lliy moving words, 
Ml would it now avwl ? Tlie wilderness 
s nu i-lieiler wliile tlie IiidJanis 
r lliaii lieiisu jiud wilier, ai-e in urins. 



a {>a?sport for the wildi^mess 
tfer Ihnn sUiesmen could ncrai-d, or Sisles 
nforce tvitl] idl ibeir stn-ngth. The Indinii wcimnj 
Of whom Sir Randolph in his tnockcnr told tliee, - 
She and her uliildren will b« my prolei-tion 
Among llie wildest tril)es. 



And was tliis Ihonght, iben, 
aiy nioilvc for the act? 



I will not eny 
lo uiui-li of forfilioiight ; Imt the viayi 
f Proridctictf open In-fore roe noir. 




southet'b pokhr- 

'lie impulse, wliicli nppeareil like foolisbnew 
worUly ceiMnre, and wLich tteniNitigly 
iweil, for lliis h»ae was dciti^iied : 
jubt it not I And liiid I dtmobeyed 
ward and unerring monitor 
buur, infirm of fnilh, liow had I then 
jiit^rited nij'!ieir of tlii:^ tair hope ! 



A Nurhiigiiiutet women, ia she not, — 
The widow iif A Sngiuuore, w)m fcU 
In the outbreak of the?e trouble* ? 



So they told n 
A noted savnge, Kawnacom his name. 



Something, inetliinks, I see in thiii, wherein 
Our j)iirpO:ie3 may square, and my straight paih 
Of policy with thy eccentric course 
Fall in and meet at the end. ItuI, understand me, 
Rather woiilJ I for thine own sake dissuade ihee, 
And for the sake of that dear Saint in heaven. 
From an nilvenlore of remotest hope 
And imminent peril ; but, if (liy resolve 
Be obstinate aj,'ainst nil reason, blameless 
Then may I, both in her sight and in thine, 
Betide the issue how it will, promote 
The pur{ko^e which in vain I disapprove. 



I On) I rust we bave: oJl-nble Provul*n«r 
' Will ovemile our ways, and haply too, 
Knowing the Dprlght inteiiljon, pontify 
Our erring jmlgnienls, Let the nmtlcr elecp 
Till I liuve taken counsel with iny jiillow 
And lliis niglil's waking UiuugLis. Sec me 

morrow 
As eorly as you will, befiwe tJie siir 
Of business linib begun i and uow farewell. 



THE INDIAN WAR. 

With miuiy an anxious thought oppressed. 

From busy sleep more wearying ihmi unreal 

Hath Ohver arisen i 

And iroia his bed of teverish care, 

Glad to re'pire llie eool fre»h morning air, 

Grone forlh as from a priM>n. 

The wakeful Governor received his guest , 

And, ere the nconiing board was placed, 

Tbey to and fro rhe garden pafcd 

Id earnast inik, while Leverctt told 

How mutual iniurirs of old. 

And nnitunl fear?, the envraonird will, 

fiuBpieiuns still ctiD(¥iiled but lb«t>7nid «till, 

And pulicy that shrunk froni iiorbing ill, 



f*f 



(Savage or civilized, — oh, shame 
To man's perverted powem ! — in this tte snini-,) 

Youth's fiery courage, and Eld'a rooted hate. 

Had brought the danger on,whith now assailed ibe 

State. 

The times were fearfiil j wheresoe'er around 
Amot>g the Indian Itibea he turned his view, 

Fnlae friends or open enemies were found, 
w wide their league he rather feared than knew : 

But tlu! was understood, 
Tluil. feuds delivered down for many on age, 

From aire to sod in sacred heritage, 

Wherewith their very nature seemed imbued, 

Hod been with dread solemnities forsworn 

And secret rites accurst, in fell uuenl 

Tiiat tliey should root the English from the land. 

And tilt; last white man's blood 

Be of their bond the seal and £ 



I 



In truth they were a formidable foe ; 

Compared with ours, their numbers made them f 

Crafly, deceitful, murderous, merciless ; 

Yet with heroic qualities endued, — 

Contempt of death, surpa^^ing tbriitiide. 

Patience through all privations, self-control 

Even sucli as Saints and Sages scarce attain, 

And a sustained serenity of ooul. 

Which Fortune nii;:lil a.-,i:iidt or tempi ni vain. 

Nut to be mo* ed by plciisure or by pain. 



1 AliiFi I to think ihey linvc iiol long Qie this 

ID linked wilh you in ChristiHn I'ellowi^liip ! 



I liiook nt divided Ghrigtendotn ! — nt England: 
I Her wounds, inflicted by sectarian rage, 
rOpcn and Teateriug, — never to he hcitled! 
I Look nt thy futher'i house, — h ihreefbid cord 
I Of brotherbiwd irebly disparted ihere, — 
|,Tbeu tell me., where tn&y Cbrii^timt fellowship 

a this wide world be found? Alas l my friend, 
K'i see it only in the Promised Lund, 

■ 'From Pisgah's summit, through the gluss of Faiili. 
a the regions of futurity. 

■ Yet somelhing we liave done, which — though I 

f Far short ol' what true policy rp(]uire3, 
And, in the ^cale of naiionul duly, weighing 
Lighter ihiiti dust — miiy show we ure not wholly 
Tlu! slaves of Mammon. Fretted ns we luivu 

By schisms, by rampant heresies disturbed, 
And by thut spiritual pri<le {lo^.^i-ssed, whose loueh, 
With iuUuenee lethal as an asjiic's tnotli, 
. 1?utnb9 tlie life-blood of rhnrity, this Enghmd 

■ Hath eons, whose names, if there be any pmise^ 

■ Shall have their pbice with suints of primitive 

■ Unrolled, tnie heroes of liumnnily. 



Oil, dnnlit not thiit their virtue and tUeir pnyen 
Will in ihia time of trial 4]>eed yo\i more 
Tlinn aU j'our larmi! strength ! 



That &itli migirt better 
Ik-eeni tliini? undo of the Seminary, 
Tlio Oralorian, than ihy Fatlier's son. 
A monk may put bis trust in beads and eackrlutlj : 
Hut Oilrci'i Saints wore bu^, and thtiir right hKiid« 
Wrought for themselves the miracle* they nsked tor. 
Think not, yourifi; man, llmt I dispaiajie pniyer, 
Because I bold that he, wlio calls on Heaven 
For help against hh temporal enemies, 
Ttien with most cause and Eurest hope prefers 
His supplication, when he best exerts 
The prudence and ihe strength which God hiiib 
given him. 



There is a strength in patience which exceedeth 
All other power; a prudence in the Gospel, 
Passing, as needs it must, all human wisdom. 
That Gospel teaches passiveness and peace. 



Patience he needs, Heaven knows ! who hath to detil 
With one enamoured of a young opinion. 
And, like a giddy amoiiijC pursuing 



OLIVER NEWMAN. 327 

The passionate folly, recklesfi where it leads him. 
Remember that you come not here to teach ; 
Remember, too, that something like respect 
Is due to years, and something to experience ; 
Some deference to our station ; some attention — 
And this at least will be allowed — to one 
Who at all hazards has approved himself 
Thy Mother*s friend, and would no less be thine. 

Abashed at that reproof severe, 

Stood Oliver, unable to abate 

The rising glow of hhame that fired his cheek. 

Or check the starting tear. 

But then the Grovernor's eye, compassionate 

Even in reproof, tlie j»ause he interposed, 

The low relenting tone wherein he closed 

His stern though fit autl)oritative strain. 

Tempered the needful pain. 

" O best and kindest friend ! 

O friend revered ! I feel and own, 

Whether I 8j>ake in error or in truth, 

That thy rebuke is just," replied the Youth ; 

" Forgive me ! and no more will I offend, 

But listen, and, in all tilings that I may. 

Humbly and zealously obey." 

LEVERETT. 

Hctar then, and patiently, while I instruct thee 
Of things as yet unchronicled in lKX)ks, 



;i^8 SOLTHEV'S I'OtXS. 

llul braring on this cmia, and ilie knowledge f 
WliefL'of in tliiiie adventure will be fouud 
Specinll; ni^dfiil. Wliui tbe English luid 
Tlie poor fniinilaiions of our coluny, 
(For [wor iiiileet] tbe; seemed ; atid yet, I v 
Id Impiiy hour a comer-elouc was [ilai%il, 
That nii'er shnll be leiuovcj !) tliey round ihdri 
Contest^ sonietiiuc^ and soint^tituc^ ]K>M»t;Ei6i 
In captions peace, between tlire<? pDWvrTal a 
Or rntlier fiunilies of triU's. Otuitt4tig 
The minor dblribuliuns (which are niun^, 
And Utrburoui ali), sufBve it to nHine iheae 
III Uie oi-df r of their sircugih : Uie Pequods 1 
Thi> N«rliugiuii«t^ unto whom belong 
Thy miisoiued ca|i(ives ; lastly, ibe Moh 
Wlio occupied tlie immediate (erriiory 
Wliei-eon our «ad adveiilurecs »t foot. 
With MassasoyI, chief Sachem of the lalUr, j 
A league was made, of mutual beoefil: 
For, under Providence, his onlj friendship, 
In the lir^i hardships of the seUlement, 
Saved them alive ; and ilieir alliance proved i 
A shield against his enemies. Tliia being 
The end to which bo looked, — who was a n 
Advanced in yeare, tar-eighlcd, honorable, 
And of a spirit, which, if he had swayed 
An European sceptre, might have blest 
Tbe people over whom i(« rule exiendedf- 
The league was faithfully on both aides o 
And, ere his death, the old man solemnly 




Renewed il for his sons, wlio for thcmiielves 
In their own |>eriions ratified tlie engagement. 

But men and limes were clinngcd, lihcn Ihe elder 
vouth 
SucecKled to his Sire ; for ihe Colonisti^ 
Xow well acquainted with these Indian neighbors, 
Loutbed their uuseeiiily usages, nbliorred 
Their most incrcdibte cruelty, desj>ised 
Their easy ignonmce, and practised on it. 
I seek noi to coiiceol our own ofieiices : 
Compared with ottier nations, — even with England, 
Such as eorrupled England long halh been, — 
We are a j^olier, yea, a righteous |ie<)}>le ; 
But Trade, which in the moilier-land is une 
Of many wheels, bearing a part alone. 
And thai, too, liut sulxtrdinale, in the movements 
Of a comjilieaie and womleri'ul inad.ine, 
la in our sim|ile onler die mainspring 
■Hial governs all. And where Trade niles, alas! 
Whatever name be worshipped in ihu temples. 
Mammon receives (he heart'is idolatry, 
And is the God of tlic land. 

Our Indian friends 
Too soon had reason lo ahnle their friendship; 
And jioiilic inlc-rests, which had held them to us, 
Were loosened when they saw their ancient foes, 
The dreaded I'ecjuoils, by our arms pursued 
In vigorous war, and rooted from the land. 



Till tl e nan a one r«mained, with noun to own 
Tliis A exa d — so lie 3'oatti vat tfolled, — 
Find! (.la ]^ emoved, and Ixritig u.\fO, 

Sj lii f be s dea h et free from ull (wntrol, 
Plotted agninst ilie English, in resentment 
Piii-lly, no doubt, hccQuse strict pAin« in teacbing 
(LeM wise iJinn well Intended) had been spent 
Ou his indocile and unwilling spirit ; 
Rut having injurii^ aito lo provoke 
A hnuglilj' eounige. Ere his schemes were ripe, 
He wns, on sum intelligence, arrosted ; 
And diMtppoinled mulice, joined with nnger, 
Raising a fever tii hi-! briirt luid bruin. 
Delivered him irom our rcstruinl liy death. 
He left a brother, ivlio inherited 
His rights and wrongs, — that Philip who is now 
The scourge and terror of the colony. 

Tliiiik not that these were names imiwsed in bap- 

Upon (hat point the heart of Mos'a^oyt 

Was hardened ; and his sons, like liim, regarded 

With mingled batrt-d and contempt a faith 

Tbey failed to uixlei-stand. But it is lield 

A mark of honor to bestow, a ]ile<lge 

Of friend.rbip to receive, new appellalions ; 

Which liere loo, among saviiges, im]>ort 

Something of puerage, of deserved esteem, 

Or uf iiupiUcd worth; the coinnuinalty 

(SliiUige a, ,-iichcustom may iippoai) being namelws. 




I My prcilecewor, with too true pi-wage, 
I Fixed on iheae naiiie!i, le*3 for the Chiistiii 
Which use hsth given ibi'in, ihno bccuuse he saw 
In the one youlh an enterprising Icmper, 
Ambitious of couiniand ; aod in tlie other, 
> Wore let be feared, a deep, dissembling spiril, 
I Whiclj, if the time required, could brook il^ wrongs 
lAnd ill nil oiiMrai'd {latieuee chew the while 

■ The end of billcr thoughts. He being yet ycning, 

■ ^hc Ainiion, whieh his sii'e had iilled, devolved 

■ Upon n chief, who wns iilike npproved 

'^o council and in wnr ; the right reimiining 
jFor Philip to succeed In course of years, 
f years should validiifc the acknowledged el&im 
f biriliright ; for thnt cJAim, among tlie Indians, 
s held defensible by ill-dnscrt. . 

■During this lapse of time, old rivalries 
rSevivf^ between the two remaining tribes; 

■ IFhoin, ere the Pequoils' power was cruahe<l, the 

t Of danger from that coinmim enemy 
Restrained in peace. N<ii to prolong my talc 
Witli di'tniU not required tor thy instruction, 
The sum was this, that, ns by n-eaiy pledged 
Jlnd juslieu boand (for tJie riglit cnnse was theirs, 
^ Jknd iulerwt nkn led us to upliold 
[The wenkur Me), we aided the JUohcngtuis, 
r first allies ; und, when they look in bottle 
H bMtile leader Mianioimitno, 
Bs suSercl denih by uni- udvioo and sanction t 



382 SOUTHCr'b POEMS. 

Being hoivcvor, at our tiistunce. spami 

From all ihoae cuslomary cruellies 

Which make the Indian^i odious in the si^t 

or God aud moD. Sena I lo 8)ieak e^vei'ely, 

Beyond whnt truth or Ohii'tian charity 

May ^Ta^^anl ? Soon, my friend, thou wilt have 

cause 
To give Ihat sentence thy ctmvincijil a^ont; 
God in his mercy grnnt thou mnyst not buy 
The sad conviciioii drnrly ! 

For awhile, 
Tlic li;ilred wiiich this left bi'iwecn ihij?e naliooB 
Was our security ; albeit we knew, — — 

That, in ihe offended party, the desire 
Of vengemice would outlive the gratitude 
Due for our helj), frora those whom we had suo- 

Thc ?cnse of injury in the human mind 

!.■> like a drug upon the ofTended pnhile, 

Clinging when hiltei-est met abidingly ; 

Tlie benefits wliich men receive they take 

Like wholesome food, that leaves no tang behind it> 

We found it thu« ; for now the^e Tribe;!, foregoing 
Their mutual hatred, as of lesser momcnl. 
Have leagued against us. Philip i» the head 
Of the confederacy : his crafty brain 
Coniljincs, provides, prepares and plana the mis- 
chief j 




OLITEK NEintAJI. 33s 

And y^i hi? Tenoinou; will aod firoog defiiv 

Draw bim lo ibis, a^n^i bi- beiier judgment, 

Posi^i-ed nw more wiib wire pnideoiial (ear 

Tbai) wiib a Grange reli-nous awe, »> weigbly. 

Thai, [lulilic as be is, be halb bm sought 

Even from hi? own peo]i4e lo conceal 

Ii- dark furebodingr. WLai be want^ in hope^ 

His new ally, ibe Narhngnn-et Sachem, 

Supplit~ hul all TOO well ; fur ihi? Caoonchet, 

Son of ibai Uianioiiniino whose death 

He chargcp ou our eoun>el*, is ibe heart 

Of the league- Insidioa<. resolute, inhunkan; 

Brave, holb in pas^ire and in active tourage, 

Almost Irevoiid belief; implnrable 

In malii'P : wily as n snake lo wind 

His silf fit way unseen, when time requires 

Cont-euluieiil ; furious as a hungry wolf. 

When oi'jHirtutiiiy allows the indulgence 

Of his- fierce haired, — this man is aceomfilisbed 

To the height of savage viriuo. 

Need I tell thee, 
HuU, a* in civil so in barbarous states. 
The course of aclion [nkes its bia< less 
From mcdiiation. anil the calm rv>olve 
Of wisdom, Ihan fr<ini iiccideiii and teniper, 
Privaie advantage at all costs pursued. 
Private reM'niiiieiiis rw-kle^slv indulgiil. 
The humor, will, and pleasure of the leaders, 
The pa-sions and the madness of the ]n,in>le? 



SS4 



ftODTBET'S POaU. 



Under all climes, mhI bi all lbtnu> of rale. 

AXStt the one, the manv, or the f«<r, 

AfDODg all nalionf of Khatevpr lint. 

All languages, llieM goium ercfyirlwra : 

TliB difiiu-enoe onl}' iir of il»^ or mora, 

A»> cbance, Ui use the commoa rpeech, maj' ewttf 

In wbicr wuiife, as Pn>TiiJ«Dcc directs. 

Tlie bood, wlieran ih«^ hofiJle inbea are ludt 

Again«( as, policy cauuM uniie. 

Nur Ihu Kwortl cnL Ko easy t«iuia«tf( oursi 

Such a^ the Spaniards found in Ucsleo, 

Or Eldorado's (triotly moiiarchiM, 

()l liM- «'./II<.|-.]l.TL.l IjltM.' ,■;■■], lilltllillus: 

TlicJ uiulil UJpc UlCIC HJlil uiuliiluijiiiuus IiubU ' 

DrawD forth in open field, and kings ivhoje will, 

Even in capliviiv, was through the realm 

RtKgiouily obeyed. But wc must wage 

Wars Ihat will yield the solditr neither gold 

Nor glory. In ibe forest aiid the swamp 

Have we to seek our foes; anil, if the shield 

Of the good Angel be not over us. 

On all sides from siife cover wiih .sure aim 

nie dtjilh hot- whiz l\oun we then dear the 

It Is not to be done hv vlclo^c^, 

But Iliad bv hi id must they be hunted down, 

Like «olvi.- — a HOik of dnn;;i.r and of time ; 

And in ihis i-e^ion w il I ol endlc s woods, 

Pos ibl> oiih (o iIk iiiieltnile hatred 

Ot tiilw tor tiilit We tried the extremity — 



i 




OLivEii NKWWAS. 885 

D Bs ii i> — iifniiiisi thf Ppqiiods, 
And. Willi the ferine bi-lp of sudi altips. 
l*ur.-uct(I it to tbe end. All wluun t)i<- i'word 
Sjiarwl, or our nien'v iiit<Tj>oseil ro save 
J'roni tonnunts. to thf Sugar Islo were sold; 
Aiid, ill the duily dcMiih of iHUKliipt- thciv. 
The ra<-i- ball l"-eii nmsumtcl. Bui wlml hnlh he<^n 
Tbe issue? Whi. ilie iHIm^ uliieh nided u* 
To ro<ii tbeui out sliiiid on the lioslile parr 
A^iiist u> now the inoi-e iiuilneiouslv, 
I!t;cau>e tliev fiil iheins<.-h-c» in union strong, 
Aitd see iis in (be land without aUiis. 
The hope iby baznnloLis adventure offers 
1> ihi^. that if ibe die, whereon Ihv tate 
For life or deaih i* s<-t, fall favoi^'hlv. 
And tbo-i -^iHiuliUt <:nin aixt^" anton^ iho eldors 
TIk' exa-iK-r.ile uhmhI, nbieb would too siin'ly elM 
Rej^l (.111- ].n.ffered term> of amnesty. 
May toward ihee be scflened. For the-e [icople 
Act p<iinelimes ujnin impulse, like tby-elf ; 

C»n tt'Ueb. nor pity move ; anil they will tnisu 
IJke dog* and eliiliiren, to a ii>uuletuiurt>, 
W'berein. as if iii^tiniiively, ihey read 
Fair te>liuH.ni:.ls from llu-"nn>rrin.j baud 
Of Saiim-. patent ibeiU'. And if on.' irilHV 
Utie ehlef. nmo lliy wnnls of piaee im-line 
A willing I ar. ibe leagne in nil its |>ai'ts 
Will ferl il. ilU-..in|.a<>le.I slivn-(b lelax : 
Onif liM)>en.d, il ilif.-olve:'. 



38G 



UEV'S I'OElIli. 



I 



Tb« Governor 
Pau^ then ; and fixing on the Youth a look 
Benign, though mournful, " Stark me, Oliver," 
He enid : " I call uttaii itiy Uollier's soul 
To witnew, if ihe Spirits of il.e Deiui 
Are cognisant of what is done below, 
Tlial I have &ou>:Iit in all liiiicei'il/ 
Ti) turn thee from thy purpose. If the event 
Be fuinl, before thee and her tiud Heaven 
Shall I stand lureproved ; and with laj eorrow 
No self-repronch will iningle. But, if still 
Tliy purpose holdelli firai, Oud spee<! thee! GrO 
III hope I I would nut tluit my words should provf 
A load to weigh thy Ijuoyiint spirit down. 
It may be thou nmy^t render lo'tlie Stat« 
Some eininijnt service in this lime of need ; 
And thus, O Son of an unhuppy house. 
Born to a sad inheritnnce ! it may be, 
That in this other England, this new world. 
Thou muyst recast thy fortunes ; mayst acquire 
Such honor as consists with peace of mind 
In the end ; and, for ihy children's children, gain 
lu this good land a goodly heritage." 



^^^^^^ oi.ivnit NhWHAK. 337 

PAltTING WORDS. 

Son of a Iiapluss httu^c ! 

II were llie tiiDiiglilt: whicli then ivilhin ihy lircH'l, 

Ll thy Iiue frii-nd's wmtluiUog worJa, ni-o»e ? 

Dulh itiiit quiuk fluih ilbdo^e 

A fceliiig tliou hasi labored lo conliul. 

Ari>! hiiherlo reprwifted 

In singleni^Hs of litiirl and Mrengtli of »oiiI ? 

light, wFiieli like a sudden hoite might seeni, 

indled hii cheirk, tuid brightened in his eyv ; 

But it <]i.'|iarted like a (;1cain, 

Thai (or a momenl In ihe heavy »ky 

la opened when lh« storm is hurrying by, 

^Aiid then bis eounicnancu resumed 

lie rae*k teronily. 

Nor did ihat und romposurr, rhnn^, 
Wiicn of the gentle Maiden Lcvorelt spiike, 
horn U> hi« ehnrge her Mother's dying prnyi^ 

In Chrtstiun etinRdenee rangigtiecl. 
ul yet it was n theme wliieh well might wuke 
Oppu^ant feelings in his innitisl mind : 
For with u hope npon that Motbar'a henrt, 
Iplied, ihodgh not expn^^cd. the solemn etin^ 
I given i and therefore in the young man's heurl 
Uneasily it Uy, 
As if he were uiijual, 
M.a. Z 



I 



90CTHKTS POEMft. 

And had received K trnst 
cDFild noi, mu^t ncit, did nM ditre. 
And j-et would fain, repBy. 



'' Tkut tru^t I could not cboose l>ut tuki;," he sttid) 
- Anil kII ilml I ^liuni [>]cdgMl f»r to the dcml 
Is M)on diM!lmrg«il : it will not fnmi nij- 'khj 
Ik-luin me long, nor liuid me fur aslrsj'.'* 

" 'TIs but tliti ^»y dUt^ace uf u dity 

Fi-iiin Hmlley," i]with ibe Guvi'itiar i mid lie eptvuJ 

A mup before tlicm, rudely drawn, wherein 

Wild (01*818 slM'leliiiig fiir urid wlili- were si.-eii, 

Itivt;r» t/hin<s iiilaiitl ouurbu huo UiiuxfiUiiiid, 

And infant .settlements, as yet ill stored, 

]"i'w, and with dreary intervals between. 

" Here in the vale of il.e Connecticut," 

Said Leveretl, ** Willoby's alloimcnt lies : 

A iMirt from our immediate ent-mies 

Ueinole, and, if reliance might be put 

Ou dii^tatice, sale. From hence it bears due we^t 

Some five days' (ravel tlii-ouj^h the wootb ; and now 

The least-frequented path will be the be^t. 

That thou inaysl leave behind thee on ilie left 

Tlie Imublcd country. Here thou seest it south, 

Atwut these creeks and inlets and the mouth 

Of Providence Kivcr, and the region wide 

Of lakes and swainj)^ in woodland inierspersed, 

'I'hiit darkens o'er the land on every side. 

This, then, will be ihy course, — lo render first 



OLIVER NEWMAN. 



839 



The Damsel to her Father's hands ; then seek 
Ttij fbrtuue with thine Indian company 
In the Narhaganset lands. If it fall fair, 
Thou wilt among their people leave them there, 
And to that painful interview pro<*eed. 
Which of thy dearest hoj)e, full well I know, 
Must undeceive thee. It shall be my care 
To the Connecticut thy way to spi»ed ; 
From thence, alas ! I can but follow thee 
With anxious thoughts in spirit and in prayer. 
But I will suffer no ill iKxlings now : 
The Lord is merciful, and thy intent 
Is righteous ; and to Ilim we leave the event." 



Thus having ended, to th(* board he led 

His guest: too full of care were they 

For appetite or easy talk that day. 

** This caution let me give thee," Leverett said, 

« That Willoby is a high old Cavalier ! " 

** Fear not lest I should jar u|>on his ear 

With ill-attuned discourse," the Youth replied. 

" He bore a j>art, a bnive one too, I hear. 

In those unlmpi>y tim<'<, and may look back 

Upon the strife with pjtssion and with pride: 

My soul abhors the ill deeds on either side. 

Even if it had not cost me all too dear. 

Likelier it is that in mv FatluT's sijfht 

I may appear dc^cn^^rate, and excite 

Sorrow or sterner notions in a heart. 

The which, albeit with piety imbued. 



I 



840 sOLTaEr's poems. 

li! lo a Chriftian temper unsubdued : 
BaL thU, too, I can hear. Oh, what u slreuj^lb 

For ftitTerancu to llie pslieni soul U given. 

When, wholly humbled, it haiii pliu.'td at li-iigtli 

Its only hope in Heaven 1 " 

" Nay," answered Leverett, " Karlh, I trust, Iwlh jel 

Good hope for llice in Btore, 

One day with fair porforuianco lo be erowncd. 

For one who ilolh eo well dnchargo the debt 

Of filial duty, will not Heaven fiilfll 

The ele.rnul promise which it made of yore ? 

Happy and long, I (ru-'t. Ihy days shall be, 

Here, in the land which the Lord giveih thee." 

And then, as if with such discursive speech 

To dniw his mind from gloomy (honglils awiiy. 

Did Leverell reach 

His lifted hand tomu'<ls the town and bay, 

Bright in the morning sunshine as they lay 

Before them : " Is it not a goodly land," 

He cried, " where nought is warning that may bltstr 

The heart of man with wholesome happiness? 

Summer subdues not here 

To sloth the difisolule mind; 

Nor doth liic rigorous year 

In long inaction bind 

His ice-locked arm and torpid faculties : 

But changeful skies 

And varying seasons, in their due cni-ecr, 

Bring forth his powers ; and in the vigorous Ihime 



OLIVER StWMAS. 



341 



llie liiiiiiaB spirit llmvus and rljitim lierv I 

Wliere might llie »ol>or miud. 

ffliich Heiiv(.-D Willi lemiwriito doHiref ball) blett, 

A Iwid oC Iiapjiier promise ttid? 

Wlierft iiiigLt a good man fitller fix bis rest? 

Where bi^tler might be diooM a buiial-place 

For liim atjil fur hid race? 

Wli«re wiaelier jilaiil ibe tree 

Of bis pojitoriijr ? " 

a «mile wherewilh tho Youth receiveil bid fipeedi 
Wa« cold and ii?elile, — one in which the heart 

Too pUinl)' liad no pan : 

ConitLraineil i( c^nie, and elowly {la^idei] awaj-. 

■• Truly thtm say'st, friend ! " 

lie Niid; "and well are ihcy 

. WIh), far from plagues and |)loI», and fium ili« 

nige 

or fiLriion, for their ebildrcn may prepare 

A pcarefiil lierilago. 

For me, if other end 

Awnit mc, fiill my Ibriime as it may. 

A eomfiirt nnd n utrctigih il is lo know, 

Tliftl, whrresoeVr I go, 

Tbi^ru i.s ihi; sumn Heaven over me on high, 

Whereon in faith to lix tliu stendy vyv ; 

The Munc acews for prayor; 

The «um« G"d, aln-nra present, evrrywhrre; 

And if iio hoTiii.-, yet evcrywUirc the bed 
Which Eunh mukcf ready for Iho wi-ary bead. 



^^ 


" But wherefoit! sUoukI I talk of wfarlneM ^^^ 


Ttius oai'iy in Ihe Jay, 


And when the morning calls me on my way? 


Ill brightne** anJ in beauly lialli it risen, 


Ab if llie Plcrnal skiea 


A|iproTed anil smiled upon our enlcrprisc! 


Now, il».n, rarawcll! TLat we shall meet agnin. 


Tiui! friend, wa know ; Ijut, whether among mi-n 


Or Angels, wlio run tell ? It is not ours 


To cli04Mc or to fbrc«ec ; 


Sucli choice or foresight would but ill agree i 


With man's imjierfeet powers: 


Enough for him, that wliat is Iieiit will be." 



JOURNEY THROUGH THE FOREST. 

They are on their way ; and ihey have entered nn 

The forest that from earliest time hath stuoil. 

By liuman culture unsubdued 

Strangflier assorted company 

Than this, wliich through ihni niuiini vtoodi 

Their solitary course pnr-iii'd 

No Errant-Knighl might chance to see, 

Wandering, in good King AKhur's day^. 

Through Faery or Loegria land. 

Where most adventures were at hand. 

Likened the gentle Annabel might he 



OLIVER NEWMAN. 343 

To sweet Serena, ere the blatant mouth 

And cankerous tooth 

ILul with their venom stained her harmless youth. 

And he who paced beside her steed 

Might seem, in form and strength and manly grace. 

Like Calidore, when he had laid asid<? 

His glorious thoughts and martial pride, 

And as a shepherd, in the sylvan shade. 

Wooed Pastorella for his bride. 

Contented to forego for her the meed 

Of high desert ; and with true love 

How largely for ambition overpaid ! 

Such Oliver might seem, and such the IVFaid. 

But lighter hearts, I ween, of yore 

The Errant-Knights and I)am-(ds bore. 

In ages when the shield and lance 

Gave law through all the realms of Old Romance ; 

Who roamed at bap, or on adventure lH*nt, 

Searching the seas, the isles, and continent ; 

When they, in lK)wer, in hermitage, and hall, 

Were welcomed everywhere by all, 

Or und(;rneath the greenw(M)d-tree 

Took up their inn contentedly. 

For in that pensive Maiden's mien 

Had recent sorrow left its trace ; 

And plainly, too, might there be seen 

A present trouble in her face : 

She feared the melancholy meeting, 

When grief would mar her Father's greeting; 



84-1 



Aiii] ItMrdlj' lesf, I w<«D, the pun 

With wliiuti she wou must part 

From Olio whose imBge woulJ remnin 

The inmAie of her heari. 

For wishes, from herself till ii»>w tonoealed, — 

Concealed, if not repressed, — 

And thobghiB, lo whidi tlie will Imd not consenied, 

Forlornly h* she felt them now rcTealed, 

Her secret Mtul iiiiwiltingly confessed, 

Unwillingly rt^poiited ; 

And hopes, ihnt had arisen she Roirce know how, 

Were first atknowledgeid when lliey failed her now. 

Ttiink iK.t rlial Oliver wa^ fi^r> 

The while from painful sympathy : 

What moi'e had he required his lot lo bless, 

Than in ibe dei)tli of those clear eyes was seen [ 

The modest, meek, confiding gentleness. 

That ^oflened while it sanctified her mien ; 

Tliose looks, devoid of art. 

Whose tnild intelligence lie loved to meet ; 

The voice, that, varying still, bnt always sweet. 

Still fitiind a clun'd iX'Sjionsive in his hean ? 

If ever at his fate he half repined. 

If ever o'er his calm and eonslant mind 

The doubt, ihe trouble, and the cloud were brought 

Twas at the thought. 

That cruel circumstance two souls must sever, 

Whom God, he surely felt, would else have joined 

for ever. 



^ 



Uncttsy now becnine perforce 

The inevitable intercMiurfe, 

Too grateful bereloTorG: 

EuL-ti ill the otiicr eaald descry 

Thi' lodG coitslrnineJ, ihe iillered eye. 

Tliey knew Ihal eneli to each rould »eem 

No longer as of yore ; 

And yet, while thus ealnmged, I ilcem 

Each lovL'd Llie other more. 
Hers was [lerlmjis the saddest heurt ; 
His, tlie more fonv^ and painful purl : 

A sense of jirojiei' maiden pride 

To ber llie needTul strength supplied. 

Thou first, perbapx, the Virgin llionglit 

How large a dower of love iirnl fuilhfuln&tB 

Her gautle spirit could have brought 

A kindred heart lo hless i 

Herself tlien first slie understood 

Wiib wliBl eapacitjes endued ; 

Tlien firel, by undeseiTed neglect 

Rout^eil to a cuiiscioUGuess of self-rej>pecl. 

Felt »be was not more willing to be won 

Tliati wortby to be wooed. 

Hftd they from sucb dblurbaiit tbouglils been free, 

II hud been fure for tbeni 

A glailsome ^igbt to see 

The Indiun <diildren, willi what glee 

They breafbed tbeir native air of liberty. 

Fond lo tlie weary man with loll fbrespeni 



316 



SOUTEKT S FOluJIS. 



Not mure rcfrcfluncnt brings, 
Tlinii dill llie forest lireeze ujion its m 
To (liese li-iie younglings of tlie wiMiTurasd 
4 lia[ipy siglit, — a siglit of lit^nrts conteotfl 

For bliilie were Uiejr 

As ewallowg, wheeling in IliB summer sky I 

At close of day ; 

As iiii^ecU, wtie.ti on bigh 

ITieir mnzy daocc ihey thread 

III niyriuds overhead. 

Where tiuiibeanis ihrougli the thinner foliage gl«i 

Or 6pin in rapid circles us Iliey ploy, 

Wliere winds ore sliil. 

Upon llic surface of the unrippled slreamifl 

Yea, gamesome in their innocence wi 

As lamljs in fragrant pasture, at their wUll 

The udder when to press 

Tliey run, for hunger less 

Than joy, and very love and wantonness. 



Nor le^ conlcnimeiit had it brought 

To 9ce what change benevolence bad wrougbl 

Id the wild Indian Mother, whom (hey Ki'sl 

Had ^cen, her spirit strong 

Maddened by violence of wrong, 

For vengeance in her inmw4 soul. 

With natural b[il with feidne rage, atliir&t. 

That soul unhoped-for kindnets had subdued; jj 

Her looks and wordA and actions, now combiB 

Expressed, in thai composure of the mind i 




OLITEH NHWUAN. S' 

Which undfaceable sorrow had led behind, 
A lively, ever-watchful gratitude. 
Oliver seemed lo h( 
Less of this earth Ihan of celestial naturo ; 

And Annabel as well 

Had won from her a love like veneration ; 

(So goodness on the grateful heart can gain ;) 

Though charms of European tint and feature 

No beauty to an Indian eye convey, 

Regarded willi disdain, 

As if they were the original eramp and slain 

Of an inferior clay. 

Proved in some earlier, inexpert creatioit, 

And ihen, for degradation, 

Wlien the Red Man was lashioned, put away. 



Pamya was troubled now ; for she had seen 

Their altered mien : 

»me ehniige there was, she knew not what noi 

why, 

Some infelicity; 

Which yet she might descry 

Eoso not from wrath nor alienated will : 

For in their converse still 

The tonea were such as me^t 

The car of love; and still 

'he smiles they interchanged, though sad, were 

sweet: 

Yet plainly she coiild tell all wu not well. 

They, too, conld read in her observant eye 



848 SODTHEr'S POEUS. 

lis apprehension and its sympathy] 

And surely she, had bat her speech been free^ 

Had pressed, how earnestly ! for expUnatioi 

And Bought to bring about 

, The Tull and perfect reronciliation 

Dearly desired by both, she did not doubL | 
Their hearts were mercilul and meek, ^be k 
And eould not to each other but be true: 
But on her tongue the curee of Babel bung; 
And, when the eager wish ber breast was swel 
Eye^peoking tJioughts were all she could ii 
Intelligibly telling 
Tbe deep indwelling yearnings of the hearL | 

Four days they traveUeil through the endless n 

Mensuring their journey still to reach at ere I 

Some settler's home, and sure of their reoeivi 

Such hospitality, sincere though rude. 

As men who felt iio want, nnd had no vica 

Of chilling avurice, 

In their plain kindness found a joy in giving. 

The 6Ah morn rose, and wiili the mom rose they, 

That they might reach that day 

Their journey'a end. And tlirough the forest wide 

Did ihey their weary way 

Hold on from early dawn (ill eventide; 

Cut, ere the light of eve 

Began to fade, their guide, 

Accustomed to .descry 

With instauloneous eye 



^H OLITER NEWMAN. 319 ^^H 

^H The sliglitost trace of man, a unoke ei^pied, ^^^H 
^^1 Staining a liiile epace of open sky : ^^^^H 
^^1 ■* You is the place we niek," he t>ai<l ; nor knew ^^^^| 
^H Wbui A cold fettling, at (lie wortl^, iiiu ihioiigh ^^^| 
^H The veins of Annabel, and Newman loo. ^^^| 


^^1 Oh, what a bappy meeting bnU been berv, ^^^H 
^^H Willoby tliougbl, in anguish, when he prefeetl ^^^^| 
^^B His duughter to his widowed breast, ^^^^H 
^^H If that dear hope, wliidi served so long lo tilieer ^^^^H 
^^H His patient labors in ihe wilderness, ^^^^H 
^H Had ulMlly be«n fulfilled, as uaw m part I ^^^H 
^^H AAer »o many storms and truubled pant, ^^^^H 
^^^ Here had lUe faithful parluer of his heart ^^^H 
^^B B«joieed to reach the quiet port at lost. ^^^H 



J 



APPENDIX TO OLIVER NEWMAN. 



Tns following sketch of the story intended to be worked out 
in this poem, is, with the exception of those passages other- 
wise appropriiited by references, drawn from very brief and 
sometimes contradictory notes in Mr. Southey's handwriting. 

In tlie published letters from Mr. Southcy to Mr. W. Taylor, 
of Norwich, tlierc is a passage, written in January, 1811, which 
records t\\e eturliest germ of this poem in his mind. ^In re- 
viewing *• HoImeii*s American Annals,* I pointed put Philip*s war 
as the proper subject for an Anglo-American * Iliad.* 1 have 
now fallen in love with it myself; and am brooding over it, with 
the full intention of falling to work as soon as * Pelayo * is com- 
pleted. The main interest will Hx upon GofTe, the regicide, for 
whom I invent u Quaker son; a new character, you will allow, 
for heroic poetry. This Oliver Goffe, however, is to be the 
hero.** The poem itself is, in tlie first dniught, culled ** OUver 
Goffe." 

The facts relating to those regicides, whose fate i^ alluded to 
in the poem, are as follow:* " Wtien the restoration appeared 
inevitable. Colonel Goffe, with his father-in-laiv, Colonel Whal« 
ley, seeing that their life was in danger, left the kingdom, and 
arrived in America on the 27th of July, 1660. For some time 
they resided at Cambridge, four miles fmrn Boston, attending 
public service, and being received with respect and hospitality 
by the inhabitants. But when the Act of Indemnity, out of 
which tliey were expressly except^id, arrived at Boston in 
November, the magistrates withdrew their protection, and 
Whalley and Goffe retired to New Haven. Here they were 

• 8m " Trial of Charles I. and the Resides," io Murray*s " Famllj 
Ubnry.'* 



Soi boctiiet's I'oeus. 

tOKtd to eancrul thcniiclfvt, md •*ciiluii11y to tl; tu ■ nOn- 
mtat, colled nnlchcl') Ilarbar, In llie hobiIe, wlicn thaj 
raoulned two iilgliti, UU ii cuve in (be Mt of a hill wm pre- 
[mred to ioiiimmI tbem. To tUi hill thej gave tba tiiime ct 
Proridtnev, and rBimiitied tome wwlt.^ In their blifinB-iilact, 
llospiag, whftD (he Keatber wns lein|ie$iaoa*, in « bniuo dmt 
Ic Thtf belinvcil wlib fn-eot boiior lulliBir Irlendi; and whm 
Ml. UtiTHi.iwrt, Uic iniiilnUr of Kflw HHieii, iriu MupMtwd bjr 
Um mnj^tlrale* o( eonctuling tli»in, thv; wriit pnblloljr br tlio 
Deputy-Ooveniof of Kow H«»en tootftrth«n»l-»«iipi bal 
lio rcfuwd M (ake Dny doHm oribem.suiraiing tbtni Ui ntucn 
kgiln (0 the woods. 1'lie ]iDnialt of llieni ii(t<Miriinl> relnsinfti 
Ibsy rcmiined two yarn in s bouH nnr Mllfiml, »ber« Uioy 
frsqarnllj pnj'ed nnd prenihed M privnla mreliniri id iheir 
ehunbcr; till, the king's Dotnmlstioiien coming to Baston, thej 
wer« Rfciiln drircn lo their cnve in the woodt. Hen (oms la- 
dlHns dJseorercd their b•^dt, which obliged thera lo xek • fmh 
reTtlgei uid (hey went lo Hiiilley, onii iiunilrwl mile* diatnnt, 
where thej vtere rmelTed by llr. fiuf««l>, Ihe minliter, end 
rnniined ni loiif; w the; lived, rerv few penwni knowing wb« 
they were. Wbnlley'* dceth took |<Inre nbout ISTS. Their 
eoiifened thnt Ihelt liien vara 'mlMmblc, and cousruut iiui^ 
dent to tlieni,' eipeciilly when llieir ruiiilicnl hoinui of uow 
divine vengmnea on Chnrlea tL and bU itdvinsrs vera p arpe- 
taailr diuppolnied. The fldellty and nflceiion of Goffe'* wilk 
to her hntbaiHl were remMrkably ditple/ed in her letten." 

While i:iey were u II]Hllpy, the tudleu var brake oiil,iil]hdi 
wu pKrtlcitlnrly diMulitimt In IhnI jiarl of the cula(]y.* " '[tie 
AitlowJng alory hna been irndilluimUy conveyed down enonic 
the inhatjltniits of Hudley. In the Duorae of rhilip'e wRr, 
which in*alred nlmoit all (ho Indian tribes in New En^and, 
and amongit (hem tha>e in the noighborbnod of tbla town, the 
mbablduti Ihnuglit it pniper to nbnervo tlia 1st of Seplembar, 
IS'S, a> a day of Ikiling und prayer. While Ihey wete In Ibe 
ehnrcli, and eaifiloye-I In tbalr wurthip, they ■ere lurpriMd by 
abandofm'ragej. The people Inst nut ly belook themtelvea la 

• Dulftifi "Tnirli Id Krr EiiluDd," •n], I. p. B17. Usdas 



APPENDIX TO OLIVER NEWMAN. 353 

tbdir arms, which, according to the custom of tho tiroes, they 
had carried with them to the church, and, rushing out of the 
bouse, attacked their invaders. The panic under which they 
began the conflict was, however, so great, and their number 
was so disproportioned to that of their enemies, that they 
fought doubtfully at first, and, in a short time, began evidently 
to give way. At this time, an ancient man, with hoary locks, 
of a most venerable and dignified aspect, and in a dress widely 
differing from that of the inhabitants, appeared suddenly at 
their bead, and with a firm voice, and an exnmple of undaunted 
resolution, re-animated their spirits, led them again to the con- 
flict, and totally routed the savages. When the battle was 
ended, the stranger suddenly disappeared, and no person knew 
whence he had come or whither he had gone. The relief was 
so timely, so sudden, so unexpected, and so providential ; the 
appearance and the retreat of him who furnished it were so 
unaccountable ; his person was so dignified and commanding, 
his resolution so superior, and his interference so decisive, — that 
the inhabitants, without any uncommon exertion of credulity, 
readily believed him to be un angel sent by Heaven for their 
preservation. Nor was this opinion seriously controverted, 
until it was discovered, several years afterwards, that Gofi*e and 
Whalley had been lodged in the house of Mr. Russell. Then 
it was known that their deliverer was Gofi'e, Whalley having 
become superanimated some time before the event took place." 
The latter part of GotVe's life seems not to be known with cer- 
tainty. Dwight says, immediately before the passage above 
quoted, " After Whalley's death, Gofie quitted Hadley, went 
into Connecticut, and afterwards, according to tradition, to the 
neighborhood of New York. Here he is said to have lived 
some time, and, the better to disguise himself, to have carried 
vegetables at times to market. It is said, that, having been dis- 
covered here, he retired secretly to the colony of Rhode Island, 
and there lived with a son of Whalley during the remainder of 
his life." 

Go£fe's was a divided family; one of his brothers being a 

clergyman of the church of England, while another was bo* 

oome a Roman-Catholic priest. To this division, allusion is 

made in Leverett's conversation with 01* /er. Of the otlMi 

VOL. X. 2 A 



S54 BocTUGr's poEua. 

paraom iulroduc«tt, Uio rollairing nre liittiiricnl; LeTtrtttt 
BQiarnor, wlio taaeetitd BeJllnj;Uiiu] in I6T3. Ho hul Ixan a 
CromweUbn, uid li lolxireil iiiiu it raiiuiiul Coiiroruiiii. Ha 
taaw nlioro tli* regialJet were, uiul cuuiiiveil at ilicir coiicnl- 
meal, u li« i* repraiantecl tkiing lu tlio poom. AuJ Bundolph, 
of wiiom Ilia peaiile of Kbv Kugliuiil uid, " tUut lie waiil up 
■lid iluwn lu devour tliuin." Alto Ihe iiHniei uf llie Iiiiliim 
efaiefVaiiii, tuii tlie geuenU Hocouut at tlie trur, lira raiitUK c^ 

TIM Iiero, Oliver hlmteir, b therelbra n par«tr 
eliimcUir. Ua was origiiullj' inlanilod lo b* u ()ual 
would appear (lut llie uuUior nOerwinli coiiiidire 
Dobla p«inla or eliDrtoler nudof prineijile iuleniied to b« 
blblud — vli., wal br tlie CbruUun fuitli, li.Siiible truth, 
peaceful lutn, and euduinuua — wero nol cxcluflvcl]' UeltinBiiig 
to Unit tcct, wliote DpenUoni aw] uUuss lullbrlugi lii New 
£ugliitid be Iiud beun couteiuiilntlnx ; ""d, at Uie uma time, 
Ituit wiino lenturu or tlieltohaniflor wero both unmniuigenbl* 
in pueirf, uud duiiuteful U lil> swu mliiil. TUcre «u alM 
auolber reuoii ftit the ultomClou ; unmely, that lie lliiiiul it 
uecuoary fur bli plot, thai, nl leiuit iii oim lunlnijce, Oiiver'i 
hfiwiI mwla of euuduet ilioold bead In drauiiutiuues; tai 
■udi n eompllDtii!* would be taendly, ind tiiererars poetionlljr 
probable in a peraon swoyod iHily by > rouoimble prloolpl^ 
but uot M ill one governed by un alnolule ru ~ 

fetlowiiig noiu will ezplaiu tha iuiended beiirliis of tl)ii 
meter u]Hii ihe (tory. 

UU. " A aon of GolTa, a Qunkor, gone after hi* 
deatli ta mek hl> lUlbor. He, by converting oae or the 
cipal MCtwnu, woakoiia lilelncoiii'* piny w mitlemlly a* to 
llrehla tba contaati and witb tint ■ncdiein Ik retire! into Ilia 
InWrinr. He and lilt rmbsr nre dlKuvored, and lie wUl uol lift 
lili hxiid In defeDM. A pnrij' □( IndUaa tiika Ihviii ■!), ba 
wltl pMtlvei lienca his ttiHucnce begini wlcb tlieir aitoBbli- 
■DTUl." — "Thepomuoii wblcb Oiiver'i Qutkariim b put W 
Uia lotl iua,in not ilenying hu fHther'i niuiie,aud iu nutllftiug 
a bund lo dedsnd bito." 

1814. "Oliver mutt be » far iusiniineuial in t<nnliiatiDg 
tt:a war at to (Atalo ucurlty Ibt bit Ikilier; and tliit iuitrU' 



APPENDIX TO OLIVER NEWMAN. 855 

mentality must be effected wholly by means conformable to 
bis peculiar opinions. But those opinions must yield where 
they are wrong." 

Imperfectly as the latter part of the story can be ascer- 
tained, it has been thought better to sketch it out, however 
rudely, from the author*s hints, thun to leave an entire blank. 

X. Oliver at Wiiloby'i Bouse, 

They remain a while at Willoby's, that Pamya may be their 
protection. When some Indians appear, she goes out, and 
finds among a party of Indians one of her own tribe. After 
her stor}*, the calumet is smoked, and the door of Willoby's 
house painted with marks indicating that it was under their 
protection. They then venture to depart. A sort of half- 
confidence has first been made to Willoby in consequence of 
his wife's letter, and a sort of half-engagement formed. Wil> 
loby had known one of the Gofles. His moral reasons for 
leaving England, — on account of his sous, seeing the charac- 
ter of the times, and that all that we pray in the Litany to be 
delivered from was come upon the country, — blindness of 
heart, pride, vainglory, and hypocrisy ; envy, hatred, and 
malice ; false doctrine, heresy, and schism ; sedition, privy 
conspiracy, and rebellion ; &c. 

XI. The Wounded Indian. 

Oliver, journeying with Pomya and her children through 
the forest, finds a wounded Indian, by whom they stay till a 
party of his countrymen see them. This is the Mohawk 
whom Philip had meant to kill, and not scalped^ to create a 
belief that he had been killed by the English. (An historical 
fact, and I'eprescnted as not of unfrequent occurrence.) Many 
hints for forest scenery, which are noted down, would probably 
belong to this canto. At night, Oliver is seen reading by fire- 
light in the wood. 

XIL WliaUey'i Body. 

The Indians conduct the party to their sachem : on the 
way, they meet with Whallcy's body being conveyed some- 
where for interment. Oliver knows it by a mutilated hand« 



UJb BOCTHKr'S POLMS. 

LikBiisu of Wballey to hit daughtar [Oliver'* mother]; tttfT 

Gimily Dlmrocwrorfica which ttiB inroul briugE into IliBwadd, 
mi] into wliicb the counletiuice mIUu in uld igo, whsu th* 
ohimeUr which Indliidtial punaits aatl puBions hivg indlMM 
tadM Rvrny. uid the Ditanil linoamsuta recover (li«it primary 
Mit. The dealb of WballeyiettGoffo at liberty. Theynach 
the encimpmeat of Indians; and Fuinyais restored to hir awn 
frieadi, the NarbngaiiHti. 

Xin. The Affair a/ Oodles. 
A renegade (in one pince nniceilJotbun Tift, the En^lah 
WTSge and traitor), being among the Indiaas, calls OIi*er a 
>py; iainlt* aod slriket him. Tbia Oliier eDdurea psUeiiUy, 
making no rfltiilialioii. Tbia Ictllow reluteatheaffnirorlladlejr, 
" the moM diiostrons dny tbnt ever bsrnll New England," ttut 
MpeciuUy the mAi-vollotu apparition of odd during theeoiiflist, 
who was really Oodb, OliTcr*! father. 

XIV. Bixuamng uilh Ikt Sachan. 

The Interest of Oiit scene is to turn chiefly upon two povnt*; 
the efl^Kt tat good which Oliver*! words bare upon aa eld 
Indian clilef, who bai fomerly been impressed by Eliot or 
B. Williuins, and who now puts himself onder OliTer'* guU 
dance. This mHii belong! tu the Inbe of Sekonels, who arc 
probably eonntctsd with the Narhngnnaet stock. It wotUd 
ha*e been centraiy to history lo moke the Narbagniiiet chlaFi 
tain bimself iitlluenced aC llib time by Oliver. The other polDT 
Is the peculiar cfaaraclar of Philip, composed of hatred and 
viiidieliveaess against the Eoglish, united wiUi glootay ftnw- 
bodlngs nbuiit Ibo issue of the war. 

llBse tnny be some of his words, or rather the mat« bops- 
hi Cnoonebel's: — 



"Tbittt 






lb Urh KtanW of tlui wood 



X V. OUvir rMclitt JtM Falktr. 
When Olirar mcuiions the wildemeH, GoO'e 




XVI. ThiArrtA 
■ Rmiaolpli, with Willoby the cnT«ller 



XVII. Sucut. 
TIte ohola party ire lurpriied by the Snkonett. Goflia Hnd 
Wiiloby o»uii[io. Baiiaolph and Oliver nrs tnken, mad ain-i*il 
ta Ilia enoiimpmenl of the lairliBtiu. Oliver 1) recognlisd, niiil 
welcomxl. Rtindolph Is to bo burnt ; tnit Oliver obtnliu bb 
life, aiid tab UumliBioD. The; aepiirHte. 

XVm. Df/tat o/lht laAawM. 
QofTs mcnnirlillB hru rallied aonie «trngglan>, wbe Mtack 
• unil defeat Ibe Snkoiiat pnrly, iiiil (nkc loine; for sfliom Oli- 
ver iiitercBilfis, eii^iigiriK for Ibem that they tlmll ciininiU no 
■nor* bMlllil<e<. He Ibeu go«a wilb IbeEe tniliani lo nggntinla 
Willi tb«ir Iribe, 

XIX. innabtl a PriKtter. 
While tlii« ili>cii»lan is eoiiig oni Atuinbel la brrmEhl la • 
prisMior by tha renagiiJe. In ttie dispute wtiloh cnane*. Olivet 
kill) him. Thla i* iho point In which Ollver'a fmsalvcDCH ii 
III give vrxy lo a just wrath, fiofore lie knock* out the rallow'a 
liiuiiK, ha ■iHiiJ) " trembling, but nut irtlli tear." 

XX. PtMt. 

Ilia Sikonst tribe make pn^ with the Engllab ; OIlvw 
l-ning vrllh Iha chlelii (e Ihe Eiigtiah liead^quarlan tn ilgn 1c 
f)io JtuhHvik whuin Iio bud *iivi!i] ia the foreat meeU him 
there, At llio liiuJ at hl« jinrty. 

XXX. DialhqfPhltip. 
Oliver's aervlnes nra now ctesrly seen. Banilolpb aullolU 
•or hiRi e gnnt of land. WlllDby glvpa him his dsugbltr, and 
BoMBll mnrrlei them. PnmjrB'i children baptiiod. 



I 



snSCELLANEOUS 



POETICAL REMAINS. 



FRAOIENTARY THOUGHTS 

OCCASIONED BT HIS SON'S DEATH.* 



Tmr life was a day ; and, sum it well, life is but a 
week of such days, — with bow mucb storm and 
cold and darkness ! Tbine was a sweet spring boly- 
day, — a vernal Sabbatb, all sunsbine, bope, and 
promise. 



And tbat name 
In sacred silence buried, wbicb was still 
At mom and eve tbe never-wearying tbeme 
Of dear discourse. 



• Lttter to Mr. W. Taylor, March, 1817: **I bar* begun a dMal< 
lory poem in blank Teme, pitched in a higher kej than Cowper*8, and 
in a wiwr ftniin of philoeophy than Yoang't: bat an jet I hare not 
recoTered heart enough to proceed with it ; nor Li it likely that it will 
lie pablithcd during my life." 



socTneva poujus- 



I 



, to whom Heaven ia mercj' tialli a8si;{uc{l 
Kile's wholcsoiue wormwood, tears no bititiruc^a 

)iu tLe hand ot' DLratli he drinki^ the Amreeta-cnp. 

liea of Naluri'i — liie )>as»ion of my youlli, 
nui^ied up and rJiK.'iit.'ii ti) a «eltled love, 
Wherelo my heart is weddt-d. 

Fi''-lirig nt We«(riiiri<lor, when summer I'vi-niiig 
sent a sadness to my heart, and'I sate pining for 
green fields, and banks of fiowerd, and running 
sireains ; or dreaming of Avon, and her roclu and 
woods. 

No more great nltemplsi only a few autumnal 

flowers, like second pi'inii-oses, &c. 

Tliey wlio look for me in our Father's kingdom 
Will look for Ilim also : inseparably 
Shall we be so remembered. 

The Grave the house of Hope: 
It 13 the haven whither we are bound 
On the rough sea of life ; and thence she ituids 
In her own country, on the immorlnl shore. 




UIGCELLANEDUS 



Pain and Infirmily,- 
My heart ia reaJy. 



BGUAI2«S. 361 



Come, lliea, 
-tippoiai&i guests,— 



Jify soul 
Needed perhapa a longer dUdplitie, 
Or sorer penance, here. 

A leapite something like repose U gained 
While I invoke them; and the troubled tide 
Of feeling, for a while allayed, obeys 
A tranquillizing inflaoncei that might aeem 
By some benign intelligence disiicosed, 
Who lends bu ear to tnan. 

Thry are no!} tliougK 
Mere unrealilies : rulher, I ween, 
The ancient Poets, in the gracrful gwb 
Of fiction, linve transmitted eiirlicst trultis, 
III understood ; adorning, as they deemed, 
With mythic tales things erriugly received. 
And mingling with primeval verities 
Their own devices vain. For what to us 
Scripture OBSures, by searching proof cunHnncd, 
And inward certainly of Eober Fuitli, 
Tradition unto thera delivered down 
Changed and corrupted in the course of time. 
And haply al^ by delusive art 
Of Evil Powers. 




Woe uiilu us 1 

For tlic (iiiy goflh ilown, 

For ihb sliixlvwd oT evening 

Are lcn;;tlifnC(I out. 



Let not (fie wise man glory in his wbdom, 
Let not the rieh man glory in bis riches, 
Let not the mighly glory in bis might ; 
But in only this let him ihnt glorieth, glory, — 
That he knoweth the Lord, the Lord of infinite 
mercy, 
Who exerciseih on ihe earth 
His loving-kindness and his righteousness. 

Give glory to the Lord your God ! 
Lest, while ye locA for light. 
He bring the darkness on, 
And the feet lliat advanced 
Wilh haughty step, 
Marching astray in their pride, 
Stumble an.1 liiil 
Id the shadow ol' ileal h. 



inSOELLANEOUS POETICAL REMAINS. 363 
Jbr. xlvil 6, 7. 

Sword of the Lord ! how long 
Ere thou be quiet ? O thou sword ! how long? 

Put up thyself 
Into thy scabbard ; 
Rest, and be still. 



Jer. xlix. 7. 

From the prudent hath counsel departed? 
Is wisdom no more in the land ? 
Hath it utterly perished ? 
Is it vanished and gone ? 



Jer. l. 26. 

The Lord 
Opened his armory, and brought forth 
The weapons of his wrath. 



Jer. l. 15. 

Ye nations ! shout against her round about ; 
Take vengeance upon her. 
It is the vengeance of the Lord : 
As she hath done, do unto her. 



Luke, hi. 6. 

When every valley shall be filled, 

And every mountain be brought low; 

The cix)oked be made straight, 

The rough ways smooth. 



^^^ft Uh. in.it. ^ 

^^H ThoLord 

^^^B Covered himself with a cloud, ' 

That the i)raj'er should not pass through. 

Hos. X. 12, la. 
Break up jour fullon'-ground, 
Sow to yourselves in nghteousness, aod re^ 
In mercy : it ia lime to seek the Lord. 
Te Lave plouglied wickedness, and ye have reaped 
Iniquity: the fruit of lies huth been 
~ Your harvesi and your fbod. 

Das. IX. T-B, 18. 
To Thee belongeth righteousness, Lord! 
CDnfit>;ion and shame lo us, 
To our kingj and our princes, 
Our priests and our rulers. 
Ourselves and our children, 
Because we have sinned against Thee. 

But mercies and for^venesses belong 
To Thee, Lord our God ! 
Rebellious though we be. 



Incline thine ear, and hear ; 
Open thine eyes, and pitifully see 
Our sins, our miseries, 
The impending punishment. 
Too long, too much deserved. 



MISCELLANEOUS POETICAL BEMAIN8. 865 

AMOa, V. 8. 

Who calleth for the waters of the sea, 
And poureth them in seasonable rain 
Upon the face of earth. 



NAH.L8-8. 

The Lord hath his waj in the whirlwind, 

The Lord hath his waj in the storm ; 

The clouds are the dust of his feet, 

And darkness shall pursue his enemies. 



Nah. m. 16, 17. 

There shall the fire devour thee, 

The sword shall cut thee off. 

Make thyself many as the canker-worm, 

As the locusts make thyself many. 

Thou hast multiplied thy merchants 

Above the stars of heaven I 

But the canker-worm spoileth, 

Then fieeth away, 

And his place is not found. 



1 KccGS, vui. 28, 27, 80. 

Lord God of Israel ! 

There is no God like Thee, 

In heaven above, or on the earth beneath, 

Wlio keepest covenant 

And mercy with thy servants when with all 

Their heart they walk before Thee. 



r 



«8 



SOctoet's poems. 



Will God indeed 
Dwell on the earth? Beliold, tlie heaven, and 

heaven 
or UeaTCus, cannot contain Thee ; liow much less 
Tlib house iLnt mim has builded ! 



Hear Thou in heaven, thy dwelling-place 
Aiid when Thou heai'cst, Lord God, forgive 1 



Thy counsels, Lord, of old. 
Are fai til fulness and truth. 



A strength to the weak hast thou be^i, 

A help to the poor in his need, 

A refuge from the stornt, 

A shadow from the heat. 



The covering that is cast 

Over all people shall be then remove*^ 

An