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VOL. I. 




LItfHArtY ^ 




The Poems of Skelton are here reprinted 
from the excellent edition prepared by the Rev. 
Alexander Dyce. The various readings of the 
text have in general been omitted, the space 
which they occupy being out of proportion to the 
advantage derived from them by most readers. 
The latest improvements made by Mr. Dyce have 
received proper attention. A very small num- 
ber of his notes have been abridged, or dropped 
as superfluous ; about as many have been added, 
or enlarged, and a few have been altered, — it is 
hoped, for the better. 

The American editor is responsible, wholly or 

in part, for those annotations which are marked 

with an asterisk. 
Caj« BRIDGE, July, 1866. 


The Yery incomplete and inaccurate volume of 
1736, and the reprint of it in Chalmers's English 
Poets} 1810, have hitherto been the only editions 
of Skelton accessible to the general reader. 

In 1814, the Quarterly Reviewer, — after cen- 
suring Chalmers for having merely reprinted the 
volume of 1736, with all its errors, and without 

^"Mr. A. Chalmers,*' says Haslewood, "has since given 
place [ttc] to Skelton*8 name among the English poets [vol. ii. 
P" 227): and having had an opportunity to compare the ori- 
ginal edition [that of Marshe, 1568] with Mr. Chalmers's vo- 
lu»ne, I can pronounce the text verbally accurate, although 
taken from the reprint of 1736." BiH. Bihliogr. iv. 389. As 
Haslewood was generally a careful collator, I am greatly sur- 
prised at the above assertion : tlie truth is, that the reprint of 
1736 (every word of which I have compared with Marshe's 
edition— itself replete with errors) is in not a few places 
P^ly inaccurate. — The said reprint is without the editor's 
i"une; but I have seen a copy of it in which Giflford had 
written with a pencil, " Edited by J. Bowie, the stupidest of 
*1J two-legged animals." 


the add i I ion of those other pieces by Skelton which 
were known to be extant, — observed, that "an 
editor who should be competent to the task could 
not more worthily employ himself than by giv- 
ing a good and complete edition of his works." * 
Prompted by this remark, I commenced the pre- 
sent edition,— perhaps with too much self-confi- 
dence, and certainly without having duly estimated 
the difficulties which awaited me. After all the 
attention which I have given to the writings of 
Skelton, they still contain corruptions which defy 
my power of emendation, and passages which I am 
unable to illustrate ; nor is it, therefore, without 
a feeling of reluctance that I now offer these vo- 
lumes to the very limited class of readers for 
whom they are intended. In revising my Notes 
for press, I struck out a considerable portion of 
conjectures and explanations which I had origin- 
ally hazarded, being unwilling to receive from any 
one that equivocal commendation which Joseph 
Scaliger bestowed on a literary labourer of old ; 
" Laudo tamen studium tuum ; quia in rebus 
obscuris ut errare necesse est, ita fortuitum non 
errare." * 

Having heard that Ritson had made some col- 
lections for an edition of our author, I requested 

1 Q. Rev. xi. 485. The critique in question was written by 
Mr. Southey, — who, let me add, took a kind interest in the 
progress of the present edition. 

2 Joanni Isacio Pontano— Ejnst. p. 490. ed 1627. 


the use of those papers from his nephew, the late 
Joseph Frank, Esq., who most obligingly put 
them into my hands : they proved, however, to 
be only a transcript of Voa. Poptdi, vox Dei (from 
Ihe Harleian MS.) and a few memoranda con- 
cerning Skelton from very obvious sources. 

The individual to whom I have been the most 
indebted for assistance and encouragement in this 
undertaking has not survived to receive my ac- 
knowledgments ; I mean the late Mr. Heber, who 
not only lent me his whole collection of Skelton's 
works, but also took a pleasure in communicating 
to nae from time to time whatever information he 
supposed might be serviceable. Indeed, without 
such liberality on the part of Mr. Heber, a com- 
plete edition of the poet's extant writings could 
not have been produced ; for his incomparable 
library (now unfortunately dispersed) contained 
some pieces by Skelton, of which copies were not 
elsewhere to be found. 

To Miss Richardson Currer; the Right Hon. 
Thomas Grenville; the Hon. and Rev. G. N. 
Grenville, Master of Magdalene College, Cam- 
bridge; Sir Harris Nicolas ; Sir Francis Palgrave ; 
Kev. Dr. Bandinel ; Rev. Dr. Bliss ; Rev. John 
^itford ; Rev. J. J. Smith of Caius College, Cam- 
bridge; Rev. Joseph Hunter; Rev. Joseph Ste- 
venson ; W. H. Black, Esq. ; Thomas Amyot, 
Esq.; J. P. Collier, Esq. ; Thomas Wright, Esq. ; 
J. 0. Halliwell, Esq. ; Albert Way, Esq. ; and 


i^Tissce A cofaeij cojstrowae, that cuiyowsly chai 

rri, aad cimirshlT cowaored. Sec, 

BMoa cinni mttm 4t nfyaummtam ocmiMi, &c. . , 
Vppoci ;i v:«<"Mi"5 hec, th;dk£ was seut tt> hvm from 

hvHicniC^e j<c:yLvoaiAa for a token, &c 

•^ WoBLaiihitxi, vanDQQ, re «'ant,*' &c 

Dttsks Rjllettts axd Dtths solacttous: — 

" My daryn J d«re. my daysy floure,'' &c. 

\ ** Tfafe aazbcl«nt iicquaintuice, madam, betwen ^ 
tway::." &c 

*^ KitoI«^« aqaaynCance, resort, &aoiir with grace, 

*^ <.\a«i,-<vi A:tt cecuHsti jmitu diacriauma renun,*' &c. 

*• Thou^ ye suppv^se ail jeperdj-s ar paste,* ^ &c. . . 

*• Go, pvtyous hart, rasyd with dedly wo," &c. .... 

Maneriy )[:irgery Mylk and Ale 

The Bow^ of Courte 

■*' Phyllyp Sparv>we 

'^- The tuuuyng of Elynour Rummyng 

Poems ag:^m<t Gamesche 

Against vonenious tongues, &c 

How euery thitig mnst haue a tyme 

Praver to the Father of Heaaen 

To the Seoonde Parson 

To the Holy Goo«te 

" Woffully araid," &c 

" Now synge we, as we were wont," &c ; 

* I, Uber^ ttpropera, regtm tupromu adora,** &c ] 

Ware the Huuke 1 

Epitnphe. A Deumte TrtntaUforoldJvkn Clarke^ &c.., 1 



"Mgo m^ncum cupi portarUj^ &o 194 

Lmentaiio urbis Norvicen 194 

A Bedel, &c 1 95 

Heme wlo transcribasy'" &c 196 

Igitur quia sunt qui mala cunctafremunV &c 196 

Sake plus decies quam sunt momenta ditrum^'' &c 197 

l^aaici Sepiimi Epiiaphium 198 

hikgiuiapro suorum temporum conditwnej tantis principi' 

bus non indignum 199 

Ttltratllkhon veritaUs 201 

Against the Scottes 202 

Ynto diuers people that remord this rymynge, &c 209 

CWttf de Dis contra Scoitos, &c 211 

Chorvs de Dis^ &c. super tnumphaU victoria contra GaUoSj 

&c 212 

Y'OEfuttmttf Scotus Dundas aUegai caudas contra Angligtr- 

nas 218 

Btgia in Margareia nuper comitissas de Derby funebre nd- 

msterium 217 

^y were ye CaUicpe embrawdred with letters of golde ? 219 

^ tibi contexta est aurea Calliope ? 220 

The Bolte of Three Fooles 221 

A repiycacion agaynst certayne yong scolers abiured of 

late, &c 280 

VOL. 11. 

rcence, a goodly interlude and a mery 8 

>iyn Cloute 126 

•^iTght delectable tratyse vpon a goodly Garlarde or 
Chapeletof Laorell, &c 170 


Atlmnmfi Sttiumu 4mme$ ariorm dare iyiun nricfi lauro 

jttzia peattf maam 

EaPariaataU a Fmru 

Oat <^ FrensJie into Latrn 

Ovt of Latrne icto Ea^lTSsbe 

Speke, PattoC 

WliT come ve nmt to Courte 

Hove the douty Duke of Albany, lyke a oowarde knjght, 

nn awaye shamfiilly, &c 

A Lawde and Prayse nuuie for onr Souereigne Lord the 


Verses presented to King Henry the Seventh at the feast 
of St. Geor^re, &c 

The Epitafie of the moste noble and ralyaont Jasparlate 
Diike of Beddeforde 

Elegy on King Henry the Seventh 

Voacpcpuii, vox Dei 

The Image of Ipocn-sy 

The maner of the World now a dayw 




John Skelton^ is generally said to have been 
descended from the Skeltons of Cumberland ;^ but 
there is some reason to believe that Norfolk was 
Ws native county. The time of his birth, which 
is left to conjecture, cannot well be carried back 
to an earlier year than 1460. 

^ Sometimes written ScTieUon : and Blomefield says, ** That 
his Kame was SheUon or Skelton, appears from his Successor's 
Institution, viz. * 1529, 17 July, Thomas Cleric, instituted on 
the Death of John Sheltm, last Rector [Lib. Inst. No. 18.] ' " 
Bin of Norfolk, i. 20. ed. 1739. 

^"John Skelton was a younger branch of the Skeltons of 
Skelton in this County [Cumberland]. I crave leave of the 
deader, (hitherto not having fall instructions, and) preserving 
the undoubted Title of this County unto him, to defer his 
character to Norfolk, where he was beneficed at Diss therein." 
Fuller's Worthies, p. 221 {Ckimberland), ed. 1662. **John 
Skelton is placed in this County [Norfolk] on a double proba- 
^Uity, First, because an ancient family of his name is emi- 

xn son Accovmj or 

Of Blmosi all gkclton's 
descended to our limes, the ifW 
perislied ; and it is impossible todi 
at what period he c 
OT St wbal dales hie ^. 
Mj pnnteJ. That be was lli«||l 
composiliuns which a. 
from ihc pompous eDumeTalioo of'M 
the Garfomde of LaurelL^ Ttiefii 
of tht nitbie prince, Kyngt 
who deitiaaed in 14S3, were pt 
earliest aiiempta in ver;e. 

In 1489 SkellcHi produced a 
thuloumt detke and mucie U 

nuf be called aan; for I Bud o 
jmr UM, at whicb time allovinj 
hamiMlwBt li»de«lh A, D. 1G39, SB«tdl 
'eIb probable h« mighl be. 
Add. US&. (Brii. Uiu.] 6B»0, p. ISS, 
1 1 aiif pect Ihsl, during Skelton'i \ 
c«lelintle>l pieces, CU^ Ooutt (lee > 
Why emu ye ttat to Qfuflt, were nt 
bnt wunlervi] alMut In mannfcripl 
rauiers. A portioii of ^kU, Pan 

■ VoLiLSaiaqq. NopoetiealH 


The statement of his biographers, that he was 
educated at Oxford,^ I am not prepared to contra* 
diet : but if he studied there, it was at least after 
he had gone through an academical course at the 
ttster university ; for he has himself expressly de- 

''Alma parens Cantabrigensis, 

. . . tibi quondam cams alumnus eram ;" 

adding in a marginal note, " Cantabrigia Skelton- 
idi laureato primam mammam eruditionis pientis- 
rime propinavit."^ Hence it is probable that the 
poet was the " one Scheklton," who, according to / 

Cole, became M. A. at Cambridge in 1484.* 

*tt Johanna. — In Skelton's Latin lines on the city of Nor 
wich(sec vol. i. 194) we find, 

**Ah decus, ah patrioB specie piUcherrima dudum ! 
Urbs Norvicensis," &c. 

i^"pa/rMB" mean his native county? 

^ ** Having been educated in this university, as Joh. BaleuB 
attests." Wood's Aih. Oxon, i. 50. ed. Bliss. Wood's refer- 
ence in the note is " In lib. De Scriptoribm AngKcis, MS. inter 
cod. MSS. Selden, in bib. Bodl. p. 69 b." The printed copy 
^ Bale's work contains no mention of the place of Skelton's 
education. Part of Bale's information concerning Skelton, 
*> Appears from the still extant MS. collections for his Script. 
ifli*. ZJnT., was received "Ex Guilhehno Horman," the 
tuthor of the Vulgaria,^SeQ also Tanners BibUoQi. p. 676. 
ed. 1748.— Warton says that Skelton " studied in both our 
«Biven»ities." JK«<. of J?. P. ii. 886. ed^ 4to. 

' A RqAycacion^ &c. vol. L 281. 

• " Wood reckons him of Ox. on the author, of Bale in a 
MS. in- the Bodleian Libr., but with mucl" better reason he 



Of almost all Skelton's writings which ^ 
descended to our times, the first editions ^ bave 
perished ; and it is impossihle to determine either 
nt what period he commenced his career as a poet, 
or at what dates bis variouB pieces were ori^B* 
ally printed. That he was the author of manj' 
compositions which are uo longer estani, we leam 
from the pompous euiimeralioii of their titles in 
the Garland* of LanreU? The lines, Oft/iedeath 
of ihe noble prince, Kynge Edwarde the forth.' 
who deceased in 1483, wei-e probably among bia 
earliest attempts in Terse. 

In 1489 Skulton produced an elegy Vpon the 
doulotirua delhe and muehe lameTttabte chaunce of 

may be cnlled oure; for I flud one SchoUtDn M. A. ia tin 
year 1484, at vliich time ullovviug tiim to be S4 years of age, 
he must be at Ms death A. D. 1539, GB or OB yean uli), whiuh 
'til probable he might be. v. Bnle 6fiS." Cule'a Oiltcliant,— 
Add. MSS. (Brit, iltis.) 5880, p. 1S9. 

1 1 sii«p«ct that, daring Skelton's uretime, two or hia moit 
celeliriitBd pieces, Oalya Oouii (see *. 123B, vol. ii. 197.) and. 
Whs <™" *' ""' *" ti""''', were not eommilted to tlio preo^ 
but wondereii utnut In mnunsoript nTDOiig hundreits of OagtH, 
randots. A portion of S/ieie, Parrot, and the f oama Agauitt 
Uametdie, are now for llie flrst time printed. 

s Vol. ii. aal sqq. No poeticHi antiquapy oati read theWtlW- 
of some of tha lijjbler pieces menOoiied in thnt ratBlogiie,™^, 
e Tht Baladt uf Uw Uuibtrde Tartt, Tht Mitm^ff af^ 

U vuijitiy role (see 

lieir loss. " Mnny of the soiiga or populi 
irae," observes Sir John Hnwldns, 
rritten by Skolton." Biit. u/ Jflwii: 

-wllliout regrettbSr 
Inr tiallada of l}M 
.ear to have bawff 


tke most honorable JErle of Northumherlande^ who 
was slain during a popular invsarrection in York- 
shire. His son Henry Algernon Percy, the fifth 
earl, who is there mentioned as the " yonge lyon, 
but tender yet of age," ^ appears to have afterwards 
extended his patronage to the poet : * at a time when 
persons of the highest rank were in general grossly 
illiterate, this nobleman was both a lover and a 
liberal encourager of letters. 

Skelton had acquired great reputation as a scho- 
lar, and had recently been laureated at Oxford,* 
when Caxton, in 1490, published The hoke of 
Eneydos complyed by Vyrgyle,^ in the Preface to 

1 Vol. i. 8: see Notes, vol. iii. 7. 

' He was only eleven years old at his father's death. See 
more concerning the fifth earl in Percy's Preface to Th€ 
Ihrthimberland Household Booh^ 1770, in Warton's Hist, of 
£ P. iL 838. ed. 4to, and in CoUins's Peerage^ ii. 304. ed. 
Biydges. — Warton says that the Earl " encouraged Skelton 
to write this elegy," an assertion grounded, I suppose, on the 
Utin lines prefixed to it. 

'A splendid MS. volume, consisting of poems (chiefly by 
Lydgate), finely written on vellum, and richly illuminated, 
vliidi formerly belonged to the fifth earl, is still preserved in 
the British Museum, MS, Reg, 18. D ii : at fol. 165 is Skel- 
toa'g Elegy on the earl's father. 

* For a notice of Skelton's laureation at Oxford, the Rev. 
Dr. Bliss obligingly searched the archives of that university, 
bnt vithout success: " no records," he informs me, " remain 
between 1463 and 1498 that will give a coriect list of de- 

• This work (a thin folio), translated by Caxton from the 
French is a prose romance founded on the ^neid. It con- 
■Its of 65 chapters, the first entitled " How the ryght puys- 

VOL. I. B 


which is the following passage : *' But I praye 
mayster John Skelton, late created poete laureate 
in the vnyuersite of oxenforde, to ouersee and cor- 
recte this sayd booke, And taddresse and expowne 
where as shalle be founde faulte to theym that 
shall requyre it. For hym I knowe for siiffy- 
cyent to expowne and englysshe euery diffyculte 
that is therin. For he hath late translated the 
epystlys of Tulle,^ and the boke of dyodorus sycu- 
lus,^ and diuerse other werkes oute of latyn in to 

sant knyge pryamus edyfyed the grete Cyte of Ti*oye," the 
last, " How Ascanyus helde the royalme of Ytalye after the 
dethe of Eneas hys fader." Gawin Douglas, in the Preface 
to his translation of Virgil's poem, makes a long and elaborate 
attack on Caxton's performance; 

" Wylliame Caxtoun had no compatioim 
Of Virgin in that buk he prey t in prois, 
Clepand it Virglll in Eneados, 
Quhilk that he sayis of Frensche he did translate ; 
It has na thing ado therwith, God wate, 
Nor na mare like than the Deuil and sanct Austin^^^ &c. 

Sig. B iii. ed. 1558. 

1 A work probably never printed, and now lost: it is men- 
tioned by Skelton in the Garlande of LaureU ; 

"Of TuUis Familiars the translacyoun.'* vol. ii. 222. 

2 A work mentioned in the same poem ; 

" Diodorus Siculus of my translacyon 

Out of fresshe Latine into owre Englysshe playne, 
Recountyng commoditls of many a straunge nacyon; 
Who redy th it ones wolde rede it agayne ; 
Sex volurais engrosid together it doth containe." 

vol. ii. 237. 

ft is preserved in Ms, at Cambridge: see Appendix II. to this 


englysshe, not in rude and olde Ian gage, but in 
polysshed and ornate termes craftely, as he that 
hath redde vyrgyle, ouyde, tuUye, and all the 
other noble poetes and oratours, to me vnknowen : 
And also he hath redde the ix. muses and vnder- 
stande theyr musicalle scyences, and to whom of 
theym eche scyence is appropred. I suppose he 
hath dronken of Elycons well. Then I praye 
hym & suche other to correcte adde or mynysshe 
where a? he or they shall fynde faulte," * &c. 
The laureatship in question, however, was not the 
office of poet laureat according to the modern ac- 
ceptation of the term : it was a degree in gram- 
mar, including rhetoric and versification, taken 2X^/^^' 
the university, on which occasion the graduate 
was presented with a wreath of laurel.^ To this 
academical honour Skelton proudly alludes in his 
loarth poem Against Garnesche ; 

** A kyng to me myn haby te gaue : 
At Oxforth, the vniversyte, 

1 Sig. A ii. 

^ For more about poet laureat, both in the ancient and 
niodern acceptation, see Selden*s Titles of Honor, p. 405. ed. 
1631; the Abb6 du Resnel's Recherches sur les Poetes Couron- 
^^,—Bi8t. de VAcad, des Inscript. ( Mem. de Litterature, ) x. 507 ; 
^^'arton's Hist, of R P. ii. 129. ed.4to; ^l&\one' s Life of Dry- 
^n, {Prose Works,) p. 78; Devon's In trod, to Isstie Roll of 
Thomoi de BrarUingham, p. xxix., and his Introd. to Issues of 
^ Exchequer, Sic, p. xiii. — Churchyard, in his verses pre- 
fixed to Marshe's ed. of Skelton's Worhes^ 1568, says, 

" Nay, Skelton wore the lawrell wreath, 
And past in schoels, ye knoe." 

See Appendix I. to this Memoir. 


Auaunsid I was to that degre; 
By hole consent of theyr senate, 
I was made poete lawreate." i 

Our laureat, a few years after, was admitted a 

eundem at Cambridge : "An. Dom. 1493, et Her 

7 noQO. Conceditur Johi Skelton Poete in parti 

bus transmarinis atque Oxon, Laurea ornato, u 

apud nos eadem decoraretur ; " again, "An. 1504-c 

Conceditur Johi Skelton, P'oetae Laureat. quo< 

possit stare eodem gradu hie quo stetit Oxoniis 

et quod possit uti habitu sibi concesso a Principe.' 

Warton, who cites both these entries,^ remarks 

** the latter clause, I believe, relates to some dis 

tinction of habit, perhaps of fur or velvet, grantee 

him by the king." There can be no doubt tha 

Skelton speaks of this peculiar apparel in the linei 

just quoted, as also in his third poem Agains 

Gamesche, where he says, 

" Your sworde ye swere, I wene, 
So tranchaunt and so kene, 
Xall ky t both wyght and grene : 
Your foly ys to grett 
The kynges colours to threte; *' 8 

1 Vol. i. 149. 

2 Hist. ofE. P. ii. 130, (note,) ed. 4to.— The second entrj 
wras printed in 1736 by the Abb^ du Resnel (who received it 
rom Carte the historian,) in Recherches sur Us Poetes Oouron- 
ie«, — Hist, dt VAcad. des Inscript. {Mem. de Litter aiure^) x. 522. 
Joth entries were given in 1767 by Farmer in the second edi- 
ion of his Essay on the Learning of Shakespeare^ p. 50. — The 
5tev. Joseph Romilly, registrar of the University of Gam- 
»ridge, has obligingly ascertained for me their correctness. 

3 Vol. i. 144. 


from which we may infer that he wore, as laureat, 
I dress of white and green, or, perhaps, a white 
dress with a wreath of laurel. It was most pro- 
bably on some part of the same habit that the 
word CaUiope was embroidered in letters of silk 
and gold : 

« Calliope, 
As ye may se, 
Regent is she 

Of poetes al, 
Whiche gaue to me 
The high degre 
Laureat to be 

Of fame royall ; 
Whose name enrolde 
With siGce and golde 
1 dare be boldt 

Thus for to were^'^ i &c. 

In the following passage Barclay perhaps 
glances at Skelton, with whom (as will afterwards 
be shewn) he was on unfriendly terms ; 

" But of their writing though I ensue the rate, 
Ko name I chalenge of Poete laureate : 
That name vnto them is mete and doth agree 
Which writeth matters with curiositee. 
Mine habite blacke accordeth not with grene^ 
Blaclie betokeneth death as it is dayly sene ; 
The grene is pleasour, freshe lust and iolite; 
These two in nature hath great diuersitie. 
Then who would ascribe, except Jhe were a foole, 
The "jleasaunt laurer vnto the mourning cowle ? *•• 

^Vol.i, 219. 

' Prologe to Eghget^ sig. A 1. cd. 1570. 


Warton has remarked, that some of Skelton'ft 
Latin verse?, which are sabscribed — ^ Haec lau* 
reatus Skeltonis, regius orator " — ^ Per Skelton- 
ida laureatum, oratorem regium," — seem to have 
been written in the character oiroycd laureate;^ 
and perhaps the expression ** of fame royall ** in 
Skelton's lines on Calliope, already cited, may 
be considered as strengthening this supposition. 
There would, indeed, be no doubt that Skelton 
was not only a poet laureated at the universities, 
but also poet laureat or court poet to Henry the 
Eighth, if the authenticity of the following state- 
ment were established ; " la patente qui declare 
Skelton poete laureat d'Henry viii. est dat^e de la 
cinquieme annde de son regne, ce qui tombe en 
1512 ou 1513 :" so (after giving correctly the se- 
cond entry concerning Skelton's laureation at Cam- 
bridge) writes the Abb4 du Resnel in an essay 
already mentioned ; having received, it would 
seem, both these statements concerning Skelton 
from Carte the historian,^ who, while he commu- 
nicated to Du Resnel one real document, was not 

1 Hut. ofE. P. ii. 132 (note,) ed. 4to, where Warton gives 
the subscription of the former as the title of the latter poem: 
bis mistake was occasioned by the reprint of Skelton's Wwrkt, 
1786. See the present edition, vol. 1. 211, 212. 

s Dn Resnel expressly says that he was made acquainted 
with the Cambridge entry by " M. Carte, autrement M. 
Phillips." Recherches sur les Poeies Couronnez^ — Hist. d» 
VAead, des Inscript. (Mem. de Litterature^) x. 522. — Carte as- 
•Hned the name of Phillips when he took refuge in France. 


iikelj to have forged another for the purpose of 
misleading the learned Frenchman. On this sub- 
ject I can only add, that no proof has been dis- 
covered of Skelton*s having enjoyed an annual 
salary from the crown in consequence of such an 

The reader will have observed that in the first 
entry given above from the Cambridge Univ. Regis t. 
Skelton is described as having been laureated not 
only at Oxford but also " transmarinis partibus." 
That the foreign seat of learning at which he re- 
ceived this honour was the university of Louvaine,' 
may be inferred from the title of a poem which I 
Bubjoin entire, not only because it occurs in a vol- 
ume of the greatest rarity, but because it evinces 
the celebrity which Skelton had attained. 


Qoura terra omnifero laetissima risit amictu, 

Plena novo foetu quaelibet arbor erat ; 
Vertice purpurei vultus incepit honores 

Extensis valvis pandere pulchra rosa ; 
Et segetum teuero sub cortice grana tumescunt, 

Flavescens curvat pendula spica caput. 
Vix Cancri tropicos aestus lustravit anhelans 

Pythius, et Nemeae vertit ad era ferae, 

^ A gentleman resident at Louvaine obligingly examine J 
fef me the registers of that university, but could find in them 
*> mention of Skelton. • 



Vesper solis eqaos oriens dum claasit Olympo, 

Agmina stellanim surgere cuncta jubet: 
Hie primo aspiceres ut Cynthia vecta sereno 

Extulerat surgens cornaa clara polo; 
Inde Hydram cemas, stravit quam clara trinodis 

Alcidae, nitidis emicuisse comis; 
Turn ^ Procyon subiit, prsepes Lepus, hinc Jovis ales, 

Arctos, et Engonasus, sidus et Eridani ; 
Ignivomis retinet radiis quae stellifer orbis 

(Quid multis reniorer?) sidera cuncta micant 
Nutat Atlanteum convexum pondus, ocellis 

Dum lustro hac segris, vergit et oceano. 
Turn furtim alma quies repens mihi membra soporat, 

Curaque Lethaeo flumine mersa jacet: 
mihi quam placidis Icelos tulit aurea somnis 

Somnia, musiphilis non caritura fide ! 
Nuncia percelebris Polyhymnia blanda salutans 

Me Clarii ut visam numina sacra citat. 
Ut sequar banc laetus, mihi visus amoena vireta 

Et nemorum umbrosos praeteriisse sinus: 
Scilicet haec montes monstraverat inter eundum 

Et fontes Musae quos coluere sacros ; 
Castalios latices, Aganippidos atque Medusei 

Vidimus alipedis flumina rupta pede ; 
Antra hinc Libethri monstrat Pimpleidos undas, 

Post vada Cephisi, Phocidos atque lacus; 
Nubifer assurgit mons Pierus atque Cithaeron, 

Gryneumque nemus dehinc Heliconque sacer; 
Inde et Parnasi bifidi secreta subimus, 

Tota ubi Mnemosynes sancta propago manet. 
Turba pudica novem dulce hie cecinere sororum; 

Delius in medio plectra chelynque sonat: 
Aurifluis laudat modulis monumenta suorum 

Vatum, quos dignos censet honore poll : 

1 The original has " Cum: " but the initial letters of 
lines were intended to foi*m a distich ; see the conclusion 
.he poem. 


De quo certarant Salamin, Camas, vol Athense, 

Smyrna, Chios, Colophon, primus Homerus erat; 
Laadat et Orpheum, domuit qui voce leones, 

Eurydicen Stygiis qui rapuitque rogis; 
Antiquum meminit Mussum Eumolpide natam, 

Te nee Aristophanes Euripidesque tacet; 
Vel canit illustrem genuit quern Teia tellus, 

Qaemque fovit dulci Coa camena siuu; 
DeiDde cothurnatum celebrem dat laude Sophoclen:!, 

£t quam Losbides pavit amore Phaon ; 
iEschylus, Amphion, Thespis nee honore carebant, 

Pindarus, Alcseus, quern tuleratque Paros ; 
Sunt alii plures genuit quos terra Pelasga, 

Daphnseum cecinit quos meruisse decus: 
Tersa Latinorum dehinc multa poemata texit, 

Laude nee Argivis inferiora probat : 
Insignem tollit ter vat^m, cui dedit Andes 

Cuaas urbs, cl^rum Parthenopsea taphum; 
Blanda Gorinna, tui Ponto religatus amore, 

Sulmoni natus Naso secundus erat; 
lode nitore fluens lyricus genere Appulus ille 

Qai Latiis primus mordica metra tulit; 
Statius £acidem sequitur Thebaida pingens, 

Emathio hinc scribens prselia gesta solo; 
Cui Verona parens hinc mollis scriptor amorum, 

Tu nee in obscuro, culte TibuUe, lates ; 
Hand reticendus erat cui patria Bilbilis, atque 

Persius hinc mordax crimina spurca notans; 
Eximius poUet vel Seneca luce tragoedus, 

Comicus et Latii bellica prseda duels ; 
Laudat et hinc alios quos ssecula prisca fovebant; 

Hos omnes longum jam meminisse foret. 
Tom 1 Smintheus, paulo spirans, ait, ecce, sorores, 

Qns clausa oeeano terra Britanna uitet! 
Oxoniam claram Patarsea ut regna videtis, 

Aat Tenedos, Delos, qua mea fama viret: 

1 Here again the ori^nal has " Cum." 

xxTi S03CE Accotirr of 

Iscc ec .Vor_:je *:i:i: -i.:* r-jsa '"•'-■ ? 
A---a 'y.Tiz Ti:is -ocis bjcc rerra ailnistroR, 

Grar. ii i^cis =■:> is ii i— ^ *uj. scrip:*, Ilccnda 
A-'irl*. i j^j :i: r :<c«::are. nccs; 

Otx l-izcn z-vr.:. *i:u:: lives Tain* anp?, 
A-: rrt**a Hvi.jeis i:i;oia n-jLa favis; 

Kr:e:.:r:v::i5 s^ rijr-: recur, iior horto, 
Pule!::!:? es: z:.ii:o 3::i:i:c<L5.;ue rosis, 

U~ia limr.iirr. Firijc-ir* p<'.:dor albo, 

yi.:icr AI:: ::> p*:::;:*. r::i^r^i::ncr ip-so 

:iurtc-e rdnij.e':. jrar-.r e:; . 
Vizo : to, i-Av. I>e=:>>Li:e::e. v'.noi: Flyxim 

£'>::::■, :i::~e 5;:--fzi quezi m'.:: ipse Pylos; 
Ad :erj. telli ::^a: verL :*, nequiir q'aod Atiides 

Aut Brlsif. r!^: lui:: :e ".'cc:, iacides; 
Tar.:uni e'us vercis rrllui: Siiiiela Vermsqiie 

E: Ch:irl:es a::ln-.o< qv.:.:be: ille u: a2:at, 
Vel Lacei3en:;<.^:;ics cuo rvrtseus pede claudo 

Pieriis v:cv.o:i? n::ir::a te'.a :n:-d:s, 
Magnus A!es:i::dor quo io'.l:j:er uoms ab ilia 

Mseonii varis gnir.dUonante tuba; 
Gratia tanta suis v:r:usqiie est diva caTXienLs, 

Ut revocet raaiios ex Acheronre ci:os; 
Leniat hie plectro vol peotora sieva leonmn. 

Hie srrepitu coudat moenia vasla l^-ne; 
Omnimodos aniiui possit depeliere morix)?, 

Vel Niobes luctus Ueliadumque truces ; 
Beprimat hie rabidi Sauiis sedetque furores, 

Inter dclphinas alrer Arion erit; 
Ire Cupidiucos quovis hie copit nmores, 

Atque diu assuetos hie aboiere queat; 


iiBfItt rae tripoda? Bentit, ma inflante oalgres 
Rinci[H t etlicreof, myatica diva eanit ; 

Mmun cnrms, uutarBin vnati et OlyiDpi, 

ieift fit rirea bio aperire potest, 
Vc] qqld cuDGCipareni gremio tfl]]ii£ favet olmo | 

Guzgiloquid ladeat Telivaliunqug nmte^ 
Momtratar dJg'tu pbceitiae ut nrior imOi 

Ecte virum de quo «plendida Aiiou volut I 
Eipduiu □oalrum quo fuJget houorguc, earoros, 

Herooi Inndes ikocimnilato viro ; 
Ltldunccnmulent Salyri, jugu dcam Lyoiel. 

FiDdi, Te! Rbodopea, Mnaala qulqne coluot; 
llgtDlbent plaasDS Dryadea lacileaqTie Nii[>di^, 

Onadma OQlebriB Tarbaet HaniB^ryriJutn; 
SliDditodam vntem, vos Oceniiitidasque utque 

fUnu Tlreat qao tos oelebcavic boaore, 

tiliiB ao aitria fuma pernmi.^ ent : 
Nam madoere sntis veetro, nuiio pmtn liqiior« 

Flunioii, Picridefl, siatlte, Phccbua nit 

tton WliiUntonmn: cnltB poela, viila. 
IiHpinlibiis hexnmetroram lltteris ralertcr comp:»i tis em«- 
fUm diilichon ; 
QuB Vhltialoims cniiit nd Inudes tibf, Si^helton, 
Auglorum -nktmn gloria, aume llbsns," 1 

Another laudaiorj notice of Sktillon bj a con- 
Bnipoftir^ writer will not here bu out of pl;ice ; 

"TdiU anncient poetDS, litell bokc, sabmytto the. 
Whilom flooiyng In oloqucnce fncundiaits, 

' Jioio the 4tn volamB antitlBd Opumium RobcHi WhMn- 
^mjlartntimmii Oxomaai adyadcmut Ltatrarti. Attlioeud, 
Aoiertt Whitinbmi OxonU Protoualii Epygrammnla : 
MidyuihufU Fiang^iiat. Jrnjimtm Lddiiii per me wt/naKda 
Aitiio ikiil I'tr-jiiiti pnrla, M., in:ccc sin. dcciino ctra 


Aud 10 nil oUier whidM pracnt now* bet 
F.Tut to miiistB' Cbuicer md LodgKe MoMmdol 
Als> to pralgiuBM ftiffctcr navs bcrii^nlii^oa^ 
To iMnriu Stxiifli ■*{ pod (iiiirti ,- 
Fmn tbem kU of pvdixi bolh etlj and Ikta." 

Sbelloo frequenll)' sljles himself "oraii 
mu$ ;" ' but tlie nature of ihe office from 1 
he derived the tide is not, 1 believe, unden 
The lines id which, as we have jost seen, 1 
liogtoD so btvrshly praises bis ^ rheloricus ae) 
allude mo^ probablj- to his performances ii 
capacity of royal orator. 

la 1498 SkelioD took holy orders. The 
OD which, during iLat year, he was ordained 
cessively subdeacon, deacon, and priest, area 
tained by the following enlriea: 

'* [In ece1«sU conneiitiuili domiu rioe hot[Nlal!> 
Tbrnoa mutiiit de Aeon cdiiit&tu London, par T 
loccnKiu epixopain Tldmo die meosla Morcii] , 

M. Jobannes Skellon Loudan. diac Bd (icalain Hob. 
Mtirie do Graciis inita Tonitn London," 

" llu cathedra faocCi Paoli London, apod Hmmmm i 

1 Bcary Bradshaw's Lg/e if Bayal Wtrttusitt, L U. 
printed by Pynron Ifiat, *io. 

^ Sve the two snlKcripIiouE nlreadv cited, p. xxltt>> 

!.l6<.a80,To1.ii.aT6— "ClBru5&6icuudu»ln ntroqa 

I heniUlCCDeTe, protn Bbjnv nierro, liubebulnr." Bulo, 

■Halt. BriL &a. p. 951. ed. ISsD. " Inter Bhetoresre^uic(«> 

IOC bctOB." Pita, Dt Ilhd. Aigl Scr^ p 701. ed. iei& 

" With regard to the OrnWr fits*!"/' »»?" Warton, "I fioA 

K«M Johu M]Ulnr<lin [bat office to Henry the eifilith, and Idi 

K«pttOliU7 BSCreUry," &c. JTuLofE. P. ii. 1«2 (nMe), ed. il 



per Thomam pennisiione dinlnn Londcni. episcopum 
h ulibsto lancto viz. xilli d<o menais Aprilis] 
Johwmea Skelton poele In'c] lanreatue Lond. dioc. nd titn- 
imHon. de GraonsJtixEa turrim London." 
"(la ecclesin conaeDtiuUi lioapitidis bcule Mnria da Ela^ng 
ptr TboiDam Bothliirensem epiaonpam Ix dia meaais luniil 
K. JolnnueB SkelLoa poala luraattis [lic] Londoii. diijc. nd 
tStatsn Hob. de GnciiB iuxU torrim Laiidoii." ^ 

When Arthur, the eldest son of Henry ihe 
Bwentli, was created Prinee of Wales and Earl 
rfChtater, in 1489," Skellon celehriiled tbe event 
in* Composilion (probably poetical) called Prince 
Irbuii Cfreacyotm,' of which ihe title alone re- 
■ilne 1 and when Prince Henry, afterwards Henry 
llm Eighth, was created Duke of York, in 149-t,* 
h ITU hailed by our author in some Latin verses 
—Curmeti ad principem, quanda insiffnilm erat 
iieii Ebor. titulo, — a copy of wliich (not to lie 
Ibaod at present) was once among (he MSS. in 
l4e library of Lincoln Cathedra], having been 
atm by Tanner, who cites the initiiil words, — 
"Si qtiid babes, men Musa,"" 

A» ax llie last mentioned dale Piince Henry 

belongbig to 


*bl Octr.: Bee SundRird'a OcmoL BUl p. 4TB. ed. 

• Sm [ha Garlraule o/LaweB, vol. ii. 221. 

I Vmtj wiu created Duke of York 3l! 
L [UM|; eea Snndfard'e Gental Bitt. p. jEO. cd. 
Mlb« r*« Creatim of Etsnj Dukt of Toi-kr, &c. (1 
gtlHilianMS.)iiiLard Semers's T>-acli, i. 2i. ei. Scot 

•aauoA. p. ere, ed. im. 

1. 10. H 


was a mere infant, there can be no doubt that the 
care of his education had not yet been intrusteJ 
to our poet. It must have been several years 
after 1494 that Skelton was appointed tutor to 
that prince, — an appointment which affords a 
striking proof of the high opinion entertained of 
his talents and learning, as well as of the respect- 
ability of his character. He has himself recorded 
that he held this important situation : 

' " The honor of Englond I lernyd to spelle. 
In dygnyte roialle that doth excelle: 
Note and marke wyl i thys parcele; 
I yaue hym drynke of the sugryd welle 
Of Eliconys waters crystallyne, 
Aqueintyng hym with the Musys nyne. 
Yt commyth th4 wele me to remorde, 
That creaunser2 was to thy sofre[yne] lorde: 
It plesyth that noble prince roialle 
Me as hys master for to calle 
In hys lernyng primordialle." * 

\^ And in another poem he informs us that he coiO 
posed a treatise for the edification of his royfi 
pupil : 

1 i. e. well. 

2 i. e. tutor: see Notes, vol. iii. 146.— When ladies attem] 
to write history, they sometimes say odd things: e. g. " It 
affirmed that Skelton had been tutor to Henry [viii.] in sou 
department of his education. How probable it is that the co 
ruption imparted by this ribald and ill-living wretch laid it 
foundation for his royal pupil's grossest crimes I " ZAves c 
the Queens of England by Agnes Strickland, vol. iv. 104. 

* Fourth Poem Against Gamesche^ vol. i. 150. 


"The Duke of Yorkis creauncer wlian Skelton was, 
Now Henry the viii. Kyng of Englonde, 

A tratyse he deuysid and browght it to pas, 
Callid Speculum Principis, to bere in his honde, 
Therin to rede ; and to vnderstande 

All the demenour of princely astate, 

To be our Kyng, of God preordinate." i 

The Speculum Principis has perished: we are 
unable to determine whether it was the same work 
as that entitled Methodos Skeltonidis laureati, sc. 
PrcBcepta qucedam moralia Henrico principu po- 
iUa Henr, viii, missa. Dat. apud Eltham A.D. 
MDL, which in Tanner's days^ was extant (mu- 
tilated at the beginning) among the MSS. in the 

1 Garlande ofLaureU^ vol.ii.224. — Afternoticing that while 
Arthur was yet alive, Henry was destined by his father to be 
archbishop of Canterbury, " it has been remarked," says Mrs. 
Thomson, " that the instructions bestowed upon Prince Henry 
by his preceptor, Skelton, were calculated to render him a 
scholar and a churchman, rather than an enlightened legis- 
lator." Mem. of the Court of Henry the Eighth, i. 2. But the 
description of the Speculum Principis, quoted above, is some- 
what at variance with such a conclusion. The same lady 
observes in another part of her work, " To Skelton, who in 
conjunction with Giles Dewes, clerk of the library to Henry 
the Seventh, had the honour of being tutor to Henry the 
Eighth, this king evinced his approbation,'* ii. 590, and cites 
in a note the Epistle to Henry the Eighth prefixed to Pals- 
tave's Lesclarcissemeni de la Langue Francoyse, 1530, where 
mention is made of " the synguler clerke maister Gyles 
Dewes somtyme instructour to your noble grace in this selfe 
tong." Though Dewes taught French to Henry, surely it by 
no means follows that he was " his tutor in conjunction with 
8kelton: " a teacher of French and a tutor are very different 

*.BiNK^. p. 676. ed. 1748. 


LTc^vj. b«c whidi (la 
I^-^ T'rr'^*^ n-tsiikMMd in a precediaig pag 
KTOr Cncen &lkpT«ii lo vandcr ^nr from th 

WL-rn Tr^'X Henrr wb$ a bor of nine 
ol<L EraKn:^§ •i-ni:-;::k:cd :o hixn an ode IXf Z 
fccs BritaMmi^t^ R>!ji*q7£€ HtmrUi Stpiimu « 
^€fntm JJytryntrM^ Tbe IXr^ikatioo codUb 
foUowixLg mezior&ble esccmiam on Skeltoo; 
baec quni^ai i=:erea tsmqium Indicrm moni 
toae paentue dkavimas, oberion lar«itnri nl 
Tiitus ana cam state accrescens nbenorem 
minam mareriam snppeditabit. Ad qood • 
dem te adhonarer. nisi et ipt% jamdodam q 
taa Tells remisqae (ut aiunt) eo tenderer, et • 
haheres Skeltonum^ unum BritamMicarwm U 
rum lumen ac decuSj qoi toa stndia possit, noi 
lum accendere. sed etiam consammare ; " an 
the Ode are these lines ; 

** Jam puer Henr'cn?, genitoris nomine Ijetns, 
JfcmMtratUeJimttU vaU Sbtdcno jarrac, 
Palladias teneris mediLitor ab ungolbas arteis.** ^ 

1 Eratmi Opera, L 1214, 1216, ed. 1708.— The Ode ii 
pended to Erasmcs^a Latin rersioa of the Becmba and 
gema in AvUdt of Enripides, printed bv Aldus in 1507; 
in that edition the second line which I have quoted is i 
with the following yariation, 

** ^lonstrante fonteis vate Lmirigtro sacros." 
** It is probable," says Granger, ** that if that greal 
good matj [Erasmus] had read and perfectly understoot 
|Skelton*»J * pithy, pleasaunt, and profitable works,' 


The circumalaiices which led to the production of 
tbu Ode are related by Erasmus iu the following 
arioua passu^; "la erat labor fridui, el tamen 
labor, quwl jam anoos aliquot oec legcraui nuc 
eeripserara ullum carmen. Id pai'tim pudor a 
aobie extorsit, parlim dolor. Pertraxerat me 
l%(unaB Moi'u^,' qui cum me in pnedio Montjoii^ 
igentem inviserar, ut animi causa in proxiraum 
ncnrn* espaliaremur. Nam iUic eduoibantur om- 
net liberi regii, uno Arcturo excepto, qui turn erat 
tm niBximus. Ubi Tentum est in aulani, conve- 

■mtaloly reprinted, he would havB spokan of him in hm 
I boMlrabIa lenna." Siog. MiL of Eagl. i. 102. ed. ITTG. 
Ihtimurk is sufficisatlf roolishi in Skeltou'e vorks there 
Wootnfew piiasages which Ernaniun, himself a wriler of 
rttimblo wi^ must havo relished and adniiretli nnd it was 
tirllboat reaaoa that hennd our poet hnvQ heen dtused 
fOiit as sutidiits, in the foUowiDg paaaa^qe; "By what 
•DM could Skelton that lunreiit puet, or Erusmui tJiut 
III and leDrned dnrke, have vttGred their minilea eo well 
iBpj, M thorowe their clokes of morj- ooucej-tes in wryt- 
M^of loycj lad foolish thflomeii ai 9keIIoii did by Sjirnkt 
pwrcl, Wart Iht hauU, the Ttmninj of Eh/nnuT Rumming, 
Tf^eotugtaol to Ihe Omtlet PldSp Spnmire, and such 
ffita: yst what greater acute or better mnttcr can bs, thuu is 
Id Itili ragged ryme coutnyuod? Or who would haue henrde 
ttftnltMipIajnely tolde hiiu, if uotiu Buch gibyng aorte? 
ikaZnsioue, \aiBr bit prai/uqf Folly, what nuittera hath 
U l<meh«d Iherein?" 4a, Tkc Golika AjihradUU, &o. by 
~ ~a OningB, l&TT (I quota from (^itura Liter, vol. i. 863. 

I Tbea > Btudent vf Liocaln'i Inn. 
■ Tbe coanCry-wat of Lord Moautjoy. 
* Probably ElUiam. 

VOL. 1. C 


Dit tota pompa. non solam doroas illias, verc 
mm Montjoiicse. Stabat in medio Henricas 
natos novem, jam tam indolem qaandam n 
prse se ferens, h. e. animi celsitudinem can 
gulari quadam humaiiitate conjunctam. A 
tris erat Margareta, andecim ferme annos 
qua post nupsit Jacobo Scotorum Regi. A 
tris, Maria lusitans annos nata quatuor. 
Edmondus adhuc infans, in ulnis gestabatar. 
rus cum Amoldo sodali salutato puero Hei 
quo rege nunc floret Britannia, nescio quid » 
orum obtulit. Ego, quoniam hujusmodi nihi 
pectabam, nihil habens quod exhiberem, poUi 
sum aliquo pacto meum erga ipsum studium 
quandodeclaraturura. Interim subirascebarl^ 
quod non praeraonuisset ; et eo magis, quod 
Epistolio inter prandendum ad me misso, m 
calamum provocaret. Abii domum, ac vel : 
tis Musis, cum quibus jam longum fuerat di 
tium. Carmen intra tridum absolvi. Sic et i 
sum dolorem meum et pudorem sarsi."^ 

The mother of Henry the Seventh, the Co 
ess of Richmond and Derby, is well known to h 
used her utmost exertions for the advancemei 
literature ; she herself translated some pieces f: 

1 Caial {Primus) LucubratUmum^ p. 2. prefixed to the at 
cited vol. of Erasmi Opera. — In Turner's Md. of the A 
of Henry the Eujlith^ it is erroneously stated that Eras 
" had the interview which he thus describes, at the rem 
of Lord Mountjoy.^^ i. 11. ed. 8vo. 


the French; and, under her patronage, several 
works (chiefly works of piety) were rendered into 
Engh'sh by the most competent scholars of the 
time. It is to her, I apprehend, that Skelton al- 
lodes in the following passage of the Garlande of 
LaureUy where he mentions one of his lost per- 
formances ; 

** Of my ladys gtrice at the contemplacyoun, 
Owt of Frenshe into Englysshe prose, 
Of Mannes Lyfe the Peregrynacioun, 
He did translate, enterprete, and disclose." ^ 

According to Churchyard, Skelton was " seldom 
oat of princis grace :" ^ yet among the Actes, Or- 
derSy and Decrees made hy the King and his 
CwnseU^ remaining amongst the Records of the 
Court, now commonly cdUed the Court of Requests, 
we find, under anno 17. Henry vii. ; " 10 Junii 
apnd Westminster Jo. Skelton commissus carceri- 
bu8 Janitoris Domini Regis.'* * What could have 
occasioned this restraint, I cannot even conjecture . 
but in those days of extrajudicial imprisonments 
be might have been incarcerated for a very slight 
offence. It is, however, by no means certain that 
the "Jo. Skelton^* of the above entry was the in- 
dindual who forms the subject of the present 

1 Val. ii. 224. 

2 Lines prefixed to Marshe^s ed« of Skelton's Worhes, 1568; 
^ Appendix L to this Memoir. 

»p.80,.-1692, 4to. 


essay ; * aod it la equally doubtful whether or aft 
the following eutry, dated the eame year, relaUi 
to ihe mother of the poet ; 


titJ.K. i2.«.viijJ" 

It has been already shewn that Skelton toot 
holy ordei-B iu 1498.' How soon after that period 
he became rector of Diss in Norfolk, or what poi^ 
tion of his life was spent there in the exercise of 
his duties, cannot be asceitaiDed. He certainly 
resided there in 1501 and 1511,' and, as it wouM 

1 Aoeordjng to the xiT*!" of tho Merie Tales qf SktOon (m 
Appendix I. lo the present Memoir,) he wna "loog coufiat4 
in prison at WoBtnunater by the command of the cardinal: " 
bnt tba tmot 1b of saah b. nstars that we must liesltate abost 
believing * eingie etatement which It contnins. £vaD taf- 
]K>sing tbaC St soma period or other Skelton yaa really imr 
priaoiied by Wolsey, that impHsontnent ounld hardly hsfi 
taliea plocB so early as 1502. Aa far as I con gather trtttii 
his wrltinga, Skalloii first offended Woiaey by glaniang ti 
liini in certain passages of (Hyi ChmU, aod iu Chose paMSgef 
tho cudinol ia alluded to as being ia the fuhiees of pomp hq^ 

* By Writ of PriTy Seal— -dudito-'« Oilendar qf Fiht fnm 
1185 (0 ISia, fol. IDI [b.], in the Public Becord OfficB. ^ 

■ Rilaoa (iJiUin;. i'lw:. p. 102) says that Skelton iTO " ctqp 
jajn to king Henry the eigbthi " qy. on whut authority? 

* " Hb . ■ . M'HS Rector and lived here [at Diss; In IHjl 
and in 1611, as I find by his being Witnc<^ to eeveral WUbU 
Hub year. (Note) 1604, Tha Will of Miiry Cowpe: of DiiM{ 
' WitDflseea Muster Jolm Skellon, Laureat, Forsoa of Wnf, 
&0.' And among tha Evidencei ot Mr. Thonuu Coggetba^ 
1 fiiid the Houfo in the Tenure of Master Skelton, Lrnrwii 
... Mr. Le-Nflve suys, ttiat hlB ISkelton's] Inititutloa dmi 


> HIS 1 

DlromBonieof hia cornpositioaB,* in 150(>, 1507 
■od 1513 ; in the year of his decease he was, at 
^l Eoroinally, the rector of Diss." 
Fe are told' that for keeping, under the tille 

as, ippenr In the Books, vhkb Is tnie, Tor odcn (hosQ Ibut 
■«re snllnied b; tbo Pope, had do Inetitulitin from tba Blabop, 
taaj Inataacea ofTrhicli In those Books occar; but \i iicer- 
Unl thiin Hbimdimce of Reoords and Evideocoa that I bave 
urn, tbat be woe Bector BsYBral jean." Blomefiuld's Bitt. 
e/.fafalk, i. ao. ed. ITSB—'niBpaTiah-regiBferof DissftlTordi 
19 infonnalioa concarnlng Sltolton ; (br llie earliest dute 
ttwb il cont^ns U long posterior to hie death. 

I Seo A deuaiU irenlaU for <M John Clarke, who died in 
lSO!,Trf. i.lST; iometKaflourJiiAbrncen., written in 1607, 
p.191; and CionadtDii, &c. in ISIS, p. 311. 

I I nuf notice bent, tbnt in an Assiii<Bnient Tor a Snbsidy, 
mp. Henr; Tiil., we Gnd, under " Soscte Hclencn Pnri^be 
within Biashopplsgate,^*— 

"Mr. atrfftmin goodos xl U.'' 

Sak tfAe TVeonuy of the Exchiquer, B. 4. 16, fol. r,— Pub- 
liD Becord Office. Q7. was this our author '/ 

I** Gam qmbusdam bbilerauiboH fraterculia, pTJDCJpuB Do- 
nioiBuilB, bellum gerebat couUuuum. Sub pseudopuntilioo 
Nocdaiiiveiisi Rioanlo Nixo, mulierem ilkio, qanm sibi beereto 
ttAnUchriiti meiimi dcspoasanertU, tub concublnw litulo 
mtodlebat. In altimo tiuntin uitm oiiiculo super no. re io- 
bliiigitns, reapondit, sa nusquara illam 

fo leg^tim 


Bule, SeripL JUiu(. Bi-U. pp. 661, i. 
UH^-^'Id Uosachos piviertim Pnedicatorce S. Don 
MftHj^um aonit, & lerminoi prBtargTOBBus modestia!, 
ttacmflDommatibuA acerbiua egit- Quo facto fluum 1 
fnnit Epiraopua Blahacdum Nlxuin, qni habito de vi 
Mribiu eini cxamiue, deprehendit hominem vomni Dec 
ShUm fiolaue, ilno concubinam domi sue diu teiiui 
nt,Dt ilbuL Aagl ScripL p. TOL ed. ItllS.— " The Dui 
■a Ftrion wete the next be contested with, whoie 


of a concubine, a woman wiiom be had secretlj 
married, Skelion was called lo accoiini, and sns- 
pended from liia mtniaterial functions by his dio- 
cesan, the bloodj'TQinded and impure Rich&rd 
Njkke (or Nix),' at Che inatigation of the friara, 

Uy pst enoDgh for bis Imtidj but suoh IbiU Lubbera fell 
beavy on ttll whiah fbund fuull with Clism. Those initigiilad 
NJK, Bisbop of Norwicb, to coll him to uicoiint fur keeping > 
CoiicDbicB, vhich coat him (as it seemi) a Buspension tma 
hit beneOce. . . . We must sot forger, bow being cliiuged ij 
•eioB on his JesCh-bed (or liegetling many obiidrea on tin 
Broresnid ConcaLiue, he prolested, tb&t in hii Coii^oieuce ho 
kept her in the DOtiaa of a wife, thoa^ such his oDwacdll' 
neaa that he would rather eonfeas adnllaiy [theu aecouulsd 
but a venial) tbim own marriage, eateemsd a. capital crime in 
that age." Fnllef B WorOiiit, p. 267, (Sarfolk,) ed. 1»81- 
Anlhony Wood, with his luuitl want of charity towards tb* 
loia of geoioB, sajs that Skelton " having been guilty of cer 
tain crimsa, (as most poets are,) at least not agreeable to bis 
coat, felt under the heavy ceasnre of Bicb. N;kke bishop of 
NoTwIch his diocesan; especially for bis bcoOb and ill lan- 
guage against the monks and dominlca:iB in hia writinf^" 
AA. OxoH. i. BO. Bd. Bliss, who adds in a nole, " tit. Thomu 
Dalafield in his MS. CbHtttian of Poeb Laureate, Ho. among 
Gough'a MSS. in :he Bodleian, says it was in retum for hH 
being married, oil equal oritne in the eedosiaatics of thoi* 
days, bishop Nykke auspeiided Iiim from his church." — Tan- 
ner giyea B9 one of tlie reasouE for Skelton'B taking laoctuacy 
at Weenninitor towards the close of hie life, " propter qaod 
nxorem habnit" Bi6lio&. p. STB. ed. 1748.— In thexili"- tit 
the Merit Tola (see Appeudix I. to the pre^eut Uemoii] Skal' 
Um'a mfi is mentioned. 

1" Cui [Nlxo] utounque a uive nompn vldeatur inditnm, 
adeo nihil erat nivei in pectors, Iniurioais coptationihua 
plnrimum sstuante, ut atro carbone libidines cjue iiotand> 
Tideantur, ai vera sunt qum de ilia b Nevillo porliibontar." 
Godwin Da PnaaL An^l. p. 410. ed. 174(1, 


ddeiy the DomiDicans, whom the poet had se- 
rerelj handled in his writings. It is said, too, 
that by this woman he had several children, and 
that on his death-bed he declared that he consci- 
entioosly regarded her as his wife, hut that such 
had been his cowardliness, that he chose rather to 
confess adultery (concubinage) than what was then 
reckoned more criminal in an ecclesiastic — mar- 

It has been supposed that Skelton was curate 
of Trumpington near Cambridge ^ (celebrated as 
the scene of Chaucer's Milleres Tale,) because 
&t the end of one of his smaller poems are the 
following words ; 

** Aactore Skeltou, rectore de Dis. 
Finis, &c. Apnd Trampinton scriptum ^ per Curatum ejns- 

i'^In the Edition of his Workes in 6vo. Lond, 1786, which 
liuiTe, at p. 272 be mentions Trumpinton, and seems to have 
been Ouraie there, 5. Jan. 1507. At p. 54 he also mentions 
Svafkam and Soham, 2 Towns in Cambridgeshire, in The 
Qmne of LaweU:' Cole's Coaeciion8,—Add. MSS. (Brit. 
Mm.) 5880, p. 199. 1^ o conciude from the mention of these 
towDs that Skelton resided in Cambridgeshire is the height 
of alwurdity, as the reader will immediately perceive on turn- 
ing to the passage in question, Garlande ofLaurelL, v. 1416, 
^ ii.232.— Chalmers, on the authority of a MS. note by 
Kumet, a transcript of which had been sent to him, states 
ftit •* in 1612, Skelton was presented by Bichard, abbot of 
(>lastonbiiry, to the vicarage of Daltyng.'* Biog, Diet, xxviii. 
tt: If Chalmers had consulted Wood's account of the poet, 
ke mi^t have learned that the rector of Diss and the vicaf 
^ Dul^g were difierent persons. 

* The old ed. has " scrioter." 

or ■ 

. . A 


dem, qninto die Januiuii Anno Dumini, le 
An^in, MDYU." » 

But the meaning eyidenlly is, that the curat< 
Trampingion had writien out (lie verses comp 
by the reclor of Dias ; and that the former 
borrowed them from tJie iatier for the purpos' 
transcription, is rendered probable by two I 
which occur soon after among some minor pii 
of our author; 


Afllhooy 'Wood affirms that " at Disse and 
the diocese " Skeiton " was esteemed more fit 
the stage than the pew or putpit," * It ia at h 
certain that anecdotes of the irregularity of 
life, of his bufibonery as a preacher, &x, i 
were current long after his deceaae, and gave i 
to that tusuB of extravagant figments which \i 
put together for the amusement of the vulgar, s 
entitled the Merie Tales of Slcellon* 

Churchyard informs us that Skelton's 
was AB he wraet [wrote] ; " ' and in ibis propt 

» Ji*. OioB. L 60. ed. Bliss. 

* Repriuted in Appendix 1. to Ihia Memoir; 
the extniats Croat A C mtry Tb^ &o. — Ttie biogra^ 
SkelUni, b Smmtnl Lit. md SciaU. Uta of Great BrUni^ I 
(Lardner'a Cytkp,), B^aerls tlul "Ac tompmtdhit Mtrie Tit 

/r tti Idmj and tiMet " 

• Lines proflieil to Mnrahe'g ed. of SkoUoii'a Wvriet, 16( 
MB Appendix L to Uiia Memoir. 



o sulire, as nell ii 

iripinatcd perhaps those quarrtils with Gar- 
nescbe, Barclay, Gaguin, and Liiy, which I have 

As the four poems Against Garnesche were 
composed " by tlie lijiifi^s moat noble commauiide- 
meot," we may conclude ihat the raonaivh found 
Uttusemenl in the Hngry rhymea with which Skel- 
lon over u'h timed his opponent. Giirnesche it ap- 
pears, was the challenger in' this content ; * and it 
it Id be regretted that his verses have perislied, 
tecaase in all probability they would hnve tin-own 
i«ne light on the private history of Sk<;lton. 2Se 
Fh/tinff of Dunbar and Kennedy ' hears h con- 
liJerable resemblance lo the versea a^'ainst Gar- 
KBcbe; but the two Scotlieh poets arc supposed 
lo have carried on a sportive wurfare of rude 
nJUvy, while a real animosity seems lo have ex- 

'"Sillis ya baas me cb]\l}'iigyd, U(iuit(ir] Gitraescho," 
fc.; we vol. i. laa. 
'Id the Holes on the poems AgiuHit Gatnuche I hava cited 
tUBTnl (Hirallel eipressioua from The Flyling vf Duiibar ami 
KmH^. TliHt corioiu proiiuclion may bu round in tlie 
nlniUs eiUcion of Dunbu's Posmi (ii. fl6) by Mr. D. Lain^, 
rto iuppoMa it t» have been written beCwoen 1492 and liltl 
PLUS.) It therefcro preceded the " flyting " of Bkdlon sn J 
BunMofaa. I may add, that tbe last portion of ou author'! 
J^A, Pamt iitum B coneiderable reaemb nn e j) a o py of 
NnMtttributed to Dnnbar, and flnCitled A (.ene al Balyt 
f flw i w^ Q. 24); Bod tjiat us [lie grsnt Soo sh poe vi ed 
tagmd more than once, it ia probnble ilial e and 5ke on 
ra person ally Bcquainlsit 


soitK Acconrr or 

isted between oor author and bit adversarj.* 
the time of lliU quarrel (ihe exact dale of whid 
CD oooi be determined) Clirifiopher Gnmesulie 
gentleman asher u> Henry the Elgbili, and digni- 
fied wiib knighthood;' and (if Skelion maj ba 
credited) had then from the peiformaneo of very 
tnenial offices to the elation which be then ocou- 
pted. As he had do claims on the remembnuca 
of poMerity, little is known concerning him ; but 
since we have evidence that his services wsrs 
called for oD more than one ocea&ion of import- 
ance, he must have been a person of considerablB 
note. He is twice incidentally mentioned in con- 
nection with the roja] sisters of Henry the Ei^lb. 
In lal4, when ilie Princess Mary embarked for 
France, in order to join her decrepit bridegroon 
Louia the TwelAb, Garnesche formed one of tlu 
numerous retinue selected to attend her, and had 
an opportunity of parlicuhiriy distinguishing htin- 
eelf (luring that perilous voyage : " The ii. dajs 
of October at the hower of foure of ibe cloi^e io 
the morenyngethysfayre ladye tooke her ship with 

' At a later period Ihara WM a poolicnl "Byting" b«twB«a 
Chorchj'ari) and a pei^cw aamed Cnmcl, who bad atUioked • 
pQblicuIion oTths former ciitlad Dime Dican DreoDtai tai 
■one other writen took n puit ia the oonlraversy i tbesa rai^ 
pieces (knowa nulj b; tlielr titles to Ritaon, BUtSog. AaC 
p. IBl, aad to Chalmers. tJJi of Ciurdiyarti, p, E3) ue vnj 
(loll and poiutlese, but vere evidently put fortli in eaatah'' 

Ur:" butseeNoles, vol. iii. 1:2^1. 


ill her noble com|];iignie ; and when lliey buJ 
»yled a quarter of the eee, the wyiiJe roso anil 
senered Botne ol' tho sbyppea to Ciileyji, anJ some 
in Flaanders, and her Ghippe with gre^iie dilfi- 
» was brought to Biilleyn, and wiiti grout 
ieopirdy at tbe enlryng of the haiien, fur the 
ater ran the ship hard on shore, but the botes 
reredy anJ reeeyued tliis nohie hidy, and at the 
kndjng Sir Ohrittopher Gamyshe stode in the 

Kfiai toke her in Lis armes, and so ciiryed 
fauid, where the Duke of Vandosme and a 
wll with mjiiij estiifea receyued her and 
Ijes," ^ &c Again, in a letter, dated Har- 
Irtde 18th Oct. 1515, from Lord Dacre of Gilh?s- 
bnil and T. Magnus to Henry the Eightli, con- 
lirg the confinement in childbed of Miirgaret 
■idow of James ihe Fourth, &c. we find ; " Sir 
Oa-itto/er Garneis came to Morpeth immediatly 
Tpon the quencis delyueraunce, and hj our aduiee 
h eontynued there with suche sluS' as your 
ce balh sent to the said quene your susler till 
Sondaye lasle paste, whiche daye he delyuered 
jwr letter and disclosed your credence, grelely 
W the quenes comforie. And for 3oniiclie as the 
lume lieth as yet in childe bedde, and shall kepe 
ier cliumbre these thre wookes at the leiste, we 
lUe aduise the said sir Ohristofsr Garneis to r^ 
■atgne at Morpeth till Ihe queneis coinyng thid- 

1 Hiill'a Chnm. (in. 


der, and then her grace may order and pnj 
euery parte of the said stut' after her pleasure 
as her grace eemelh moste conuenient," S/x.^ 
few pariiculara concerning Garnesche may 
gleaned from tlie Books in the Public Rei 

(EaiisrTann, is Hen. vii,) " Critlo/ero 

(lumeyt de j-egHrdo de denarlia per Jo- > xL &*4 
hannom Crawford etal.pormBnua. for." , 

(i, e, in reward out of moneys forfeltect'll 
Crawford aud another upon bail-bond,) '* 

(lit Henry Tiii.) " Itam to OriHo/tr Giu^- 
hmI^ for lliekingoa oCTrag at S. Ed- 
wardea Bhiryoe the next dny sflei ths 

(Easter Term, 1-2 Benryvui.)" Crulqftn' 
Gnmesi vnl geiierosorom hosliariorum 
regis [ono of tiia kiDg'a gontlenieo- 
nibers] de aiiniiitat« sua durante regis 
bencplacilo per annum 

iCidcm Oratofem da Ibodo 8U0 ad xx. li. ' 
per azinuiu pro termiBo vita sue* ; 

and we find that afterwards by letters pat^ 
2Ut May, 7tb Henry viii,, in consideration of 
serviced the king granted him an annuity of th 

> MS. (M. Calis. B. Yi. fol. 113. 
« Avdilor'i CakmlaT ifFilttfrom H8S 
* yVl'iy Pane AccamU, A. 6. IB. p. 21. 
< Aadilor'i Cakudar, &c. foL 163 (b). 



C. 8, 

poimds for life, payable half-yearly at the Exche- 

,'ntii Henry viii.) ** Item to iS»r Oiristofer • 
Gcarmttke Jemght opon a warrannt for 
tin hyre of his howse at Grenewycbe ^ 
at X. JL by the yere for one half a yere 
doe at Ester last and so after half yerely 
during X j'eres * 

I20th Henry viii.) " Oristofero Gamyshe 
miSd do annuitate sna ad zzx I. per 
breve currens Rec. den. profestoMichls J-xxx. K." 
nit. pret viz. pro vno anno integro per 
maDus Ricardi Alen ^ 

see above : this entry is several times repeated, 
and occurs for the last time in 26th-Henry viii.* 

^Au£lor'8 Patent Book, No, 1. fol. 6 (b). 

^ In an account of the visit of the Emperor Charles the 
Fifth to England in June 1522, among the lodgings which 
vere occupied on that occasion at Greenwich we find men- 
tioQ of ^ Master Gamyshe house." See RtUland Papers, p. 82, 
(printed for the Camden Society.) That a knight was fre- 
inently called " Master," I have shewn in Notes, vol. iii. 123. 

' Ptivj/ Purse Accounts, A, 5, 17. p. 175. 

* TtOer's Book, A. 8. 24. p. 293. 

' To these notices of Garnesche I may add the following 
i^r, the original of which is in the possession of Mr. J. P. 

"Pleas it your grace. We haue Receyued the Kyngs most 
tncioase letres dated at his manour of grenwich the x*^ day 
of Aprill, Wherby we peroeyue his high pleasour is that we 
tkilde take some substanciall direccion for the preparacion 
ukI fomyshing of all maner of viiaiUes aswell for man as foi 
^"^ to bee had in Redynesse against the commyng of his 
Ptce^his nobles with ther trayn; Like it your grace, so it is 
We haue not been in tymes past so greatly and sore destitute 


Bale mentions among the writings of Alen 

this many yeres past of all maner of vitailles both fix 
and beist as we be now, not oonly by reason of a gretm 
of catali which hath ben in thies partes, but also for th 
Kings takers, lieng abont the borders of the see costo 
adionyng vnto vs, haue takyn and made provision t 
contrarie to the olde ordnannce, so that we be vtterly dei 
by reason of the same, and can in no wise make any 
Btanciall provision for his highnes nor his trayn in thies p 
for all the bochers in this toun haue not substaunce of I 
and motones to serue vs, as we be accompanyed at this 
for the space of ili wekes att the most. And also as now 
is not within this toun of Calais fewell suflScient to sere 
oon hole weke, the which is the great daunger and vnsn 
of this the Kings toun. Wherfore we most humbly bo 
your grace, the premisses considered, that we by your 
cious and fauorable heipe may haue not oonly Remedi 
our beiffs and motones with other vitailles, but also thai 
maner of vitaillers of this toun may repair and resorte ^ 
ther shippes from tyrae to tyme to make ther purueyanoi 
all maner of fewell from hensfurth for this toun oonlv. w 
out any let or Interrupcionn of the kings officers or tak 
any commandment hertofore gififen to the contrarie not w 
standing, for without that both the Kings Highnes, yourgn 
and all this toufa shalbe vtterly disappoynted and discey 
both of vitailles and fewell, which' god defend. At CaJ 
the xviiit^ day of Aprill, 

By your seruantSi 
John Peaclie, 

Wyllym Sandys, Robert Wotton, 

Edward GuldefeS-d, Orystqffyr Garm 
To my I^rde cardynalls grace, 

Legate a Latere and chan- 

celer of England." 

In Proceed, and Ordin. of the Privy OouncU (vol. vii. ] 
196), 1541, mention is made of & Lady Gamishe (probably 
widow of Sir Christopher) having had a house at Calais; f 


Barclay a piece " against Skelton." ^ It has not 
come down to us ; but the extant works of Bar- 
clay bear testimony to the hearty dislike with which 
he regarded our author. At the conclusion of The 
Ship of Fooh is this contemptuous notice of one 
of Skel ton's most celebrated poems ; 

" Holde me excused, for why my will is good 
Men to induce vnto vertue and goodnes ; 
I write no ieste ne tale of Robin Hood, 
Nor 80we no sparkles ne sede of viciousnes ; 
Wise men loue vertue, wilde people wantonnes, 
It iongeth not to my science nor cunning, 
Fw Philip ihe Sparow the Dirige to singe ; " 2 

a sneer to which Skelton most probably alludes, 
vben, enumerating his own productions in the 
Garlande of LaureU, he mentions, 

" Of Phillip Sparow the lamentable fate, 

The dolefull desteny, and the carefull chaunce, 

Dyuysed by Skelton after the iiinerall rate ; 
Yet sum there be therewith that take greuaunce, 
And grudge therat withjraumyng countenaunce ; 

Bat what of that? hard it is to please all men; 

Who list amende it, let hym set to his penne." * 

That a portion of the following passage in Bar- 

^ Privy Purse Expenses of the Princess Mary (p. 120) we find 
under June 1648, " Item my lady gamyshe seruaunt for bring- 
ing cherys xiid" 

^^ Contra SkeUonum^ Lib. i." Script, lUust. BHU p. 723. 

•loLii. 225. 



leTelted at Skidbu,^ 

elafa Fourth Egloge tnii 
peara high I j probaUe ; 

"ADDther thing jet is greallf Di 
Of TBscolde poetes yet is a sbamfiiti nble, 
Which voyde of wiiedome prEsamttth tn iodiM, 
Thoagh Uiey tuue BCuilJy the cimniDg of a eh 

T hoie due ihete fbolet solomnize u 

Then is ha declied u Pattt laureate, 

Whea stlnlciiig Thsii mods him her gradaUe : 

When Miues tested, she did her aeasan nols, 

And aha with Bucchus her camo 

Such rascolde drames, pniioaled by Tluui, 

Bnochu!, LicoriB, or yet by Tettalis, 

Or by niohe other newa forged Mawe nina, 

Thli;ke in thelc minder for to bans nit diolne ; 

They laada their verses, thoy boi 

ThoQgh all their cunning be scantly worth a pet: 

If they baae smelled the artes triuiaJl, 

They count them Poetes hye and heroicall. 

Sncb is thoir Ibly, la foolishly they dote, 

Thinking that none can their playne emmr ii 

Yet be they foallFhc, aaoyde of honestie, 

Nothinj; BeaaODed with spice of graaitle, 

Anoyds of pleaEnre, auoyde of eloquenoa, 

With many wordes, and fruitlesae of sentvno 

Unapt to leome, dlsdayning to be taught, 

Theh priaste pleasure hi snaro bath them go 

And wont yet of all, they corint them exoell 

Though they be fmitlease, nulie and improoi 

To such ambages who doth their minde incline, J 

Thay count all other as priuate' of doctrine. 

And that the fanltes which be In them alotie, 

Alto be common in other men ocl 

1 1. e. snipe. 

s See NotM, voL iii, B7. If this line allude, to Si 
praaerves a trait of his personal appearance. 
' !. a. deprived, deroid. • aig. e, T. ed. IBTO. 


In the Garlande of Laurell we are told by 
Skelton, that among the famous writers of all 
ages and nations, whom he beheld in his vision, was 

" a frere of Frannce men call sir Gagwyne, 

That frownyd on me ftill angerly and pale; '* l 

and in the catalogue of his own writings which is 
subsequently given in the same poem, he mentions 
a piece which he had composed against this per- 

" Th^ Rectde ageinst Gagugne of the Frenshe nacyoun." ^ 

Robert Gaguin was minister-general of the Matu- 
rines, and enjoyed great reputation for abilities and 
learning.* He wrote various works ; the most im- 
portant of which is his Compendium supra Fran- 
corum gesHs from the time of Pharamond to the 
author's age. In 1490 he was sent by Charles 
the Eighth as ambassador to England, where he 
probably became personally acquainted with Skel- 

That Skelton composed certain Latin verses 
against the celebrated grammarian William Lily, 
*e are informed by Bale,* who has preserved the 
initial words, viz. 

" Urgeor impnlsns tibi, Lilli, retundere: " 

^VoLii. 186. 2 Vol. ii. 222. 

'In a Tolame of various pieces by Gaguin, dated 1498, is a 
^tise on metre, which shews no mean acquaintance with 

^"/miectiuain in GuU. lAUum, Lib. i.*' 8cry)t, lUust. Brit 
»C' p. 662. ed. 1669. The reader must not suppose from the 
VOL. I. D 


and that Lily repaid our poet in kind, we hav 
following proff ; 

^ LUii SendecasyUabi in SchelUmum ejus carmma caiumnim 

" Quid me, Scheltone, fronte sic aperta 
Carpis, vipereo potens veneno? 
Quid versus trutina meos iniqna 
Libras? di cere vera num licebit? 
Doctrince tibi dum parare famam 
£t doctns fieri studes poeta, 
Doctrinam nee habes, nee es poeta.** 

It would seem that Skelton occasionally repei 
of the severity of his compositions, and longed 
recall them ; for in the Garlande ofLaureU^ al 

description, " Lib. i.,*' that the invective in qaestion ezfce 
ed to a volume : it was, 1 presume, no more than 8 o 
of verses. Wood mentions that this piece was "wril 
in verse and very carping.'* AOi, Ox, i. 52. ed. Bliss: 
most probably he was acquainted with it only through Bi 
He also informs us (i. 84) that Lily wrote a tract entit 

{Jdh. SkeUonum. 
Rob. WhittingUm!' ^^^ «■ ^°Py °^ ^^^^^ ^ ^ 
sought in vain. 

1 See Weever's Fun. Monum. p. 498. ed. 1631 ; Stowe*s C 
lections, MS. Uarl 540. fol. 57; and Fuller's WoiUdeMy (JW 
/ofife,) p. 267. ed. 1602. " And this," says Fuller, " I will 
for W. Lilly, (though often beaten for his sake,) endeavo 
to translate his answer: 

" With face so bold. Mid teeth so sharp, 
Of viper's venome, why dost carp ? 
Why are my verses by thee weigh*d 
In a false scale? may truth be said? 
Whilst thou to get the more esteem * 
A learned Poet fain wouldst seem, 
Skelton, thou art, let all men know it, 
Neither learned, nor a Poet." 


nwnjof them have been enumerated, we mete with 
tlie following curious passage ; 

''Item JpoUo that whirUid vp his chare^ 
Th&t made sum to snurre and snaf in the wynde ; 
It made them to skip, to stampe, and to stare, 
Whiche, if they be happy, haue cause to beware 
la lyming and raylyng with hym for to mell 
For drede that he leme them there A, B, C, to spell. 

With that I stode vp, halfe sodenly afrayd ; 

Snppleyng to Fame, I besought her grace. 
And that ii toolde please htr^full tenderly Iprayd, 

Owt of her bokis ApoUo to rase. 

Nay, sir, she sayd, what so in this place 
Of our noble conrte is ones spoken owte, 
b must nedes after rin all the worlde aboute. 

God loote, iKeis toordes made me/uU sad; 

And when that I sawe it wolde no better be, 
But that my peticyon wolde not be had, 

What shulde I do but take it in gre ? 

For, by Juppiter and his high mageste, 
Ididtchat I cowde to scrape out the scroVis, 
ApdOo to rase out of her ragriwn roUisJ'^ ^ 

The piece which commenced with the words 
"Apollo that whirllid vp his chare," and which 
gave such high displeasure to some of Skelton's 
contemporaries, has long ago perished, — ^in spite 
of Fame's refusal to erase it from her books ! 

The title-page of the Garlande of LaureUy^ ed. 
1523, sets forth that it was " studyously dyusysed 
<rt Shenjfhotton Ca^teU,** in Yorkshire ; and there 
Beems no reason to doubt that it was written by 
Skelton during a residence at that mansion. The 

1 VoL ii. 235. 2 See voL ii. 170. 


dote of ita composition is unknown ; but i 
cerUunI; pi'odui^J al an actvanted period of hii 
life; * and itie Counter of Surrey, who figures in 
it BO conspicuously na his patroness, must linve 
been Elizubelh Slnfford, daugliter of Edward 
Duke of Buckingham, second wife of Thomas 
Howai-d Eai-l of Surrey, and mother of ibftt illua- 
trions Surrey " whose lame for aye endures." 
Sheriff-Hution Castle was tlien in the posseBsioa 
of her £ill)er-in-lnw, iLe Duke of Norfolk,^ the 
victor of Flodden Field ; and she was prcJwbly 
there as his guest, having brought Skelton in her 
train. Of this poem, unparalleled for its egotiam, 
the greater part is allegorical ; but the iccideDl 
from which it derives its name, — the weaving of 
a garland for the author by a parly of tadiea, at 
the desire of the Countes, aeema to have had some 
foundation in fact. 

From a passage in the poem just mentioned, we 
may presume that Skellon used sometimes to re- 
side at the ancient college of ihe Bonhommes »' 
Ashridge ; 
" Of the Banahoma of Aahrige basyda B, 

That yoodly place to Skelton mooil iynife, 
Wliero tlia saak royall ie, Crystal blode eo radc, 

WherTpon ha metre fyda alter bis mynde) 

A pleasQuntar place than Ashrige is, Imrde v 
fyiide,' ' &o.* 

I S«a Notes, vol. iil. 825. 

<■ It was granfsd lo him by the klag for life. 

• Vol. ii. 386. Ooncerning this college, BOa Notes, V 


That Skelton once enjoyed the patronage of 
olsey, at whose desire he occasionally exercised 
3 pen, and from whose powerful influence he 
Kpected preferment in the church, we learn from 
ae following passages in his works : 

" Honorificatissiino, amplisssmo, longeque reverendissimo 
n Ghristo patri, ac dominOi domino Thomas, &c. tituli sanctse 
CecQlae, sacrosanctce Bomanae ecclesis presbytero, Cardinal! 
meritbsimo, et apostolicae sedis legato, a latereque legato 
saperiUostri, &c. Skeltonis laoreatus, ora. reg., humillimum 
dicit obseqnium cum omni debita reverentia, tanto tamque 
inagnifico digna principe sacerdotum, totiusque justitiae cequa- 
bilissimo moderatore, necnon prssentis opusculi fautore ex- 
ceUentissimo, &c., ad cujus auspicatissimam contemplationem, 
sab memorabili prelo glorioss immortalitatis^praesens pagella 
felicitatnr, &c." i 

"Ad serenissimam Majestatem Regiam, pariter cum Dominc 
Cardinali, Legato a latere honorificatissimo, &c. 

Lautre Enuoy. 

Perge, liber, celebrem pronus regem venerare 
Henricum octavum, resonans sua praemia laudis. 
Cardineum dominum pariter venerando salutes, 
Legatum a latere, et fiat memor ipse precare 
Prebendae, quam promisit raihi credere quondam, 
Meque suum referas pignus sperare salutis 
Inter spemque metum. 

^ i R^yccuAon agaynst certayne yong tcolert abiured of kUe, 
^. voL i. 230. In Typograph, Antiq. ii. 639. ed. Dlbdin, 
*here the Replycacion is described and quoted from Heber's 

w>Py, we are told that it has " a Latin address to Thomas 

*bo [nc] he [Skelton] calls an excellent patron," &c. That 
tbe editor should have read the address without discovering 
**t the said Thomas was Cardinal Wolsey, is truly marvel- 



Twene hope and drede 
My lyfe I lede, 
But of my spede 

Sm^ill sekemes; 
Howe be it I rede 
Both worde and dede 
Should be agi^ede 

In noblenes : 
Or els, &c." 1 

*• To my Lorde Cardynals right noble grace, &a 


Go, lytell quayre, apace. 

In moost humble wyse, 
Before his noble grace, 

That caused you to deuise 

This lytel enterprise ; 
And hym moost lowly pray. 

In his mynde to comprise 
Those wordes his grace dyd saye 
Of an ammas gray. 
lefoy eniermeni en sa bone grace.^^ 2 

We also find that Skelton " gaue to my lord C 
dynall " The Boke of Three Fooles,^ 

What were the circumstances which afterwa 
alienated the poet from his powerful patron, c 
not now be discovered : we only know that SI 
ton assailed the full-blown pride of Wolsey \ 
a boldness which is astonishing, and with a fiei 

1 Garlande of LaureU^ vol. ii. 241. 

2 See vol. ii. 339. where this Lenttoy (which will be 
particularly noticed presently) is appended to the poem 
the douiy Duke of Albany, &c. 

8 Vol. i. 221. 


f^^WnioveclJve which baa aeldom been surpusseilr 
I Ferbps it would have been beiler fur tlie poei'« 
amaty, if the paasagea jiiat quoled had never 
KKiied us ; but nothing uniavourable lu bia cliar- 
icier ought 10 be hastily inferred fi'om the alter- 
tlkiD in liis feelings towarda Wolaey while Ihc 
ai)^ of their quaiTel is buried in ub^curily. Tbe 
proTOMtion (nust have been extraordinary, whicb 
[rflDfifomied the humble client of the Cardinal into 
liii "dearest foe." 

We are lolti by Francis Thynne, that Wolsey 
Ms liis fatUer's " olde enymye, for mauye enuses, 
till DMKtIy for that my fallier had furthered Skel- 
kw (0 poblishe biA CoUin CSoufeagainstetbeCar- 
&11II, the moste parte of whiuhe Booke waa com- 
pkl in my lather's bowse at Erithe in Kente.'' ' 
Bui iliough Colyn Clouts contains passages which 
■Uiifeslly point at Wolsey, it cannot be termed a 
piwe " againite the Cardinall: " and I linve no 
drnbt tbat the poem whieb Thynne had in view, 
•mlvihicb Ly mist^ko ho baa mentioned under it 
iiMg uile, was our author's Why come ye nut (u 
ftttrte. Ill tolya Ctoute Skellou ventured to 
•im only n lew eliafts at WoUey : in W/it/ covie 

I, &o. p. 1 

I^T/infftu iifimprEEtSwit ofChauctrt W<. 

InU'i iBioL of Uoaer and Chauctr. 
1 taj uotica liere, tliat aiDoii|; tba Ifurldi 
Ht IM, U») wn two poeius on (lie CnrdiiiHl 
(Uilogaa of liini oolloaiion WnnJey lui^ ilescr 
iiii*illb«b:" but tliey afo flviduiitlj- uot by 1 


genal lo Courte, and in S^eie, Parrot, lie lot J 
loose agiunst liim the full asperity of repi'Oach. 

The bull appoinling WoUej and Ciunpe^oio 
be legates a latere jointly, is dated July 27th, 1518, 
that appoioting Wolsey to be sole Legale a lalert 
lOlh June, 1519 ; * and from the first two passa- 
ges which I have ciled above (p. liii.) we aa- 
ceriain tlie fact, that Wolsey continued to be tlje 
patroD of SkeltoD for at least some time afler he 
had been invested with the dignity of papal legale. 
If the third pas^ge ciled above (p. liv.) " Glolytell 
quayre, apace," &c, really belong to the poem 
How the doutj/ Diike of Albany, &.c to which it 
is appended in Marehe'a ed. of Skelion's Woria, 
1568, our author must have been soliciting Wt^- 
sey for preferment as lute as November 1523: but 
his luost direct satire on the Cardinal, W/iff com 
ye not to Courte, was evidently composed anterior 
to that period ; and his Speke, Parrot (which 
would require the scolia of a Tzetzes to render it 
intelligihle) contains seeming allusions to eveola 
of a still earlier date. The probftbility (or ralber 

• Wolaey bad previouily been named a Cnrdinnl in IBlfc-" 
Fidiei {Life ijfWolKs, p. SB. ed. 1729) fnyHbaC be beoBJH* 
LegKt« a Mere in lelfi : bat sec Slate P>ipen (1930, } 1. B (nOtS-T 
Lingard'B But of Engl. vl. 57. ed. 8vo, &o.— Roping to »«#" 
taiu tlie exact date of tlis iiephjcncion, &c. (whiah aonHiSfi^ 
the fi«t of tho pagsages now unilar couaideratioa,) I h«** 
oougQltad varioos books fbr eonie mention of tbe "yauotf 


eertainty) is, that the L'Envoy, "Go, lytell 
qmjre" &c. has no connexion with the poem on 
the Duke of Albany : in Marshe*s volume the ' 
various pieces are thrown together without any 
attempt at arrangement ; and it ought to be par- 
ticularly noticed that between the poem against 
Albany and the L'Envoy in question, another 
LEfiwoy is interposed}' Wolsey might have for- 
given the allusions made to him in Coli/n CloiUe ; 
but it would be absurd to imagine that, in 1523, 
he continued to patronize the man who had writ- 
ten Why come ye ncU to Courte, 

The following anecdote is subjoined from Hall : 
"And in this season [15 Henry viii.] the Cardi- 
nall by his power legantine dissolued the Conuo- 
cacion at Paules, called by the Archebishop of 
CantorburryJI Warham,] and called hym and all the 
dergie to his conuocacion to Westminster, which 
was neur seen before in Englande, wherof master 
Skelton, a mery Poet, wrote, 

Gentle Paule, laie doane thy gweard,^ 

For Peter pf Westminster hath shauen thy beard." « 

^ We cannot settle this pomt by a comparison of old edi- 
^, the poem against Albany and the two L' Envoys which 
fellow it being extant only in the ed. of Marshe. — It may be 
^nbfced, too, if the L'Envoy which I have cited at p. liiL 
*f»g^ Uber^" &c. belongs to the Garlande of Lattrelt^ to 
vhieh it is affixed in Marshe's edition as. a iecond L'Envoy: 
in Faukes's edition of that poem, which I couceive to be the 
(nt that was printed, it is not found: the Gott. MS. of the 
ftWonde is unfortunately imperfect at the end. 

*L e. Fword. * Chron. (Hen. viii.) fol. ex. ed. 1648. 



From the veDgeaoce of ihe Card 
sent out oificers to apprehend him, Skel 
■aoutuarj at Westminster, where he w; 
received and protected hj tlie abbot I* 

1 " 01) literos qnasdnm in CardlDiilem Vuolslom 
■d VnestiDOuBStarieiiEe tandem Biylum confligei 
Mroandai coactm fnit: ubl nibiloEauLaA tab abi 
faacffom buenil." BbIo, Scr^. lUail. Sril. p. fl&l. 
"Vbi licet AbljaCii Islepi fauoro protogerttur, ta 
Ibi, qn]U]tumni$ antes incnnde Bctam, tristi exita 
Pita, Dt lOutL Angl Scnpl. p. 701. ed. Ifll9.— " Bi 
Wolfej (impar conip-eitai, betvlxC a poor Poet kdi 
R Prelate) being iDTfligl^ed sgninal by bii pen, u 
wilh too macb trath, so psreecnicd Um, that ha 
to laks BKnotuary it WesImiaBter, where Abbot 
bin with much leepeet," &c. Fuller's WoiHiia 
p. 26T-ed. 160a,— "He [Skultou] wna bo oloaely ] 
his [Wobey'ii] offioei^, (hat he wa» fbrced to tkkc 
at Westminster, where be waa kindly aiitart|^e 
biipp thBabl>at,aodcontiDned there to (lis time of 
Wood-* AA. Oxoa. I. Bl. ed. Bliss, wbu add* in a i 
original MS. register of tliis sftnctnary, whioh 
been a gteot ourioeity, was in Sir Henry SpelmtU 
and vas purcliosed at tbe Bala of that aoUeotiaa 
for Lord Wej-mouth. MS. note in Waolej'i copy 
wm'c StloHcai lAbrary in the Bodleian." 

> John blip WHS sleeted abbot in 1500, and dii 
see Wldmora'a Siit. of WeaL Abbe^, llu, 132. ". 
ton .... is said by the late loanied Bishop of Do 
son (ISM. Ub. chap. 3.) to bare first colleoEad III 
of our Kinga, Priiioes, and Nobles, tliat lie butted, 
bey Church of Westminstsr: but 1 apprehend thi 
otherwiee true, ihoji that, vhon ho, to avoid til 
Cardinal Woltey, hnd taken sun.'tnary at Wert 
recommend himself lo blip, the Abbot iit that tlni 
■oms copiei of vertea lo (lie memories of Khig 

SKELTos AND ma wBiTiNGS. lis 

nhom he had been long acquainted. In tLis asy- 
lum he apiieara to have remained, (ill bis dealli, 
irhicb Lappened June 21st, 1529. What he ii 
leporUid 10 have declared on liia dealh-bed con- 
cemiiig the n-oman whom he had secretly married, 
mi bj whom he left several children, has been 
Urnij mentioned : * he is suid also to have Ut* 
lered at the same time a prophecy concerning the 
ikiwnlall of Wohey.* He was buried iu the than- 
nlofihe neighhoui'iiig church of St. Margaret's; 

Etrulh and Lis Queen, und his mother tlie CouatesB of Bich- 
Uod, and perhapi same otlior ponoaa buried in tUs church." 
M n m l tf IViTtert, &0. p, 6, nppended to Widmore'B £>i^>r} 
'mSutimt^At/nauL of WeH. AbUs.—Widraare h ia\t- 
■klTDeilher inUaralie'Bed. of Skeltou'a (Tarlu, ISGS, ddi 
bblJtiffu, Jtcgiiue, HubiltM, gtc., 1608, ie tbara iiny mpy of 
iwitljoiir authnr oalhe ftueea n/iftBrstts SelioK*; ecs 
IinLilSS, 199, ^17, the three piecBs which I huve given 
tng ihMe aouroes- two of them at laai^t were ooiaposed 
Wtn Ibe poet hail sought refuge ut Weetmb&ter, Tor one 
IliUlcn U blip's request} Ls duted 1&12, and another, 1010: 
OiAlrd ba» ao data. 

'Swp. xxxTx. 

'"Dimorte Cardinnlis nnticinium edidit; & eius uorilo- 
<n aumtus deolarauit." Bale, Script- lUinl. Bril. p. 652. 
lilSH^J'The word Talit hoing Peer or Prophet, minds 
ntilllbii ilyiog Sbeltons prediction, forelelUug the ruine of 
Oudiliil WoliCf. Sorely, one uaskllled in proiiliecie°, if 
Ml WHil In Solomcins Proverba, might liavBprcig<iusii<Mil«d 
11 much, that Priile j/atlh before a fall" Fuller's WbrOaa, 
p. 8BJ. ed. IBBS!.— Did not Uiia anecdote eriginnlB 
» of CH^ Cluuitl Sue the frn^meat from 
vol. ii. HI, uoie. 


ter, this inscription wbb' 

vatci Picriui, hie rifui «{.> 

CoDceraing the persooal appearRuce of Skelton 
we are left in ignorance ; ' for the portrfiita which 
ai-o prefixed to the old editions of several of bia 
poema must certainly not be received aa authentic 
representations of the author.' 

1 « Vnestmoniuteril tundein, cnptluitatlssniB tempore, mOF- 
tans eat; & in D. Margaritn EacsUa sepultus, oum lioo fi- 
BCriptioae alubiutrlca: Johajmsa Ekslloiiiu, uatas PiBrina, bio 
Bitoa BSC Aniiniun eg^t 31 die Junl), umo Dni 1G2S, relictii 
UbetiB." Bala, Bciipt. J&at. BrU. p. 053. ed. Ifiee. Sea 
bIbo PiB {De MisL AngL Scr^. p. 703. e>l. 1610) and Fuller 
( WmrOdtt, NorfoOi, p. 9&T. ed. 1S(J2,) wbo givG Joaiaust Scd- 
u Pietiut hie tiftu «■( na tbe whole of Skeltoa'a epi- 
taph. Weaver, however (/"«n. Monam. p. 4»7. ed. IBSl,) 
I efil, 21 Junii 1G2S " apartion of it, and ink 
DUrgioal QOla snbsllnileB " i^loit" for " egil," us Mcorrt^iaS 
thsLatinilyl! So too Wood lAlh. 0-ron. i. 63. od, BUm.) 
wbopUcoa " ^ioit " between hraoketB iifter"e^7," aadatBtM 
(whatUie otharnriters do oat mentiou) that the inaoriptias 
waa put on tlie lomb "soon after" SkelloD's death. 

In the Church- Wardena ArcompU of Si. Stargareet, Wol-' 
oiHufer (Nichola'B JliasL of Maimers and ExpuKO, &o. 410. 
p. 9,) ve find thia entry; 

£.1. d. 

"1629. Itetu, of Mr. Skeltonfor viii tapcra . . a S" 

The iiutitutiou of the person vrho anvcoedid Skelton U 
rector of Diss it dated 17tli Jnly: aw firat ooto on tlie presani 

i See note, p. ilriiL 

■eg. tbe portrait on the title-page of Dyuen BaltU^ oM 
Dfiict totact/oui (cv-idently Erom tiie pre^ of Pyiison; e«e Ap- 
pendix I!. In thia Memoir) is given aa a porti-nit of " Doctor 


/ The chief satirical productions of Skelton (and 
the bent of his genius was decidedly towards sa- / 
tire) are The Bowge of Gourte, Colyn Gloutej and 
Why come ye not to Courte, — In the first of these, 
an allegorical poem of considerable invention, he 
introduces a series of characters delineated with a 
boldness and discrimination which no preceding 
poet bad displayed since the days of Chaucer, and 
whicb none of his contemporaries (with the sole 
eiception of the brilliant Dunbar) were able to 
attain : the merit of those personifications has been 
allowed even by Warton, whose ample critique 
on Skelton deals but little in praise ; ^ and I am 
somewhat surprised that Mr. D'lsraeli, who has 
lately come forward as the warm eulogist of our 
author,* should have passed over The Bowge of 
QowrU without the slightest notice. — Golyn GlovJbe 

lioofde" in the B6k% ofKnouoUdge (see reprint, sig. I); and 
(m Mr. F. B. Atkinson of Manchester obligingly informed 
iDe by letter some years ago) the strange fantastic figure on 
the reverse of the title-page of Faukes's ed. of the Garlande 
ofLa»ell, 1623 (poorly imitated in The Brit. BlbUogr. iv. 389) 
« a copy of an early French print. 

^ ** Warton has undervalued him [Skelton]; which is the 
niore remarkable, because Warton was a generous as well as 
> competent critic. He seems to have been disgusted with 
iNiffooneries, which, like those of Kabelais, were thrown out 
tt a tub for the whale; for unless Skelton had written thus 
fcr &e coarsest palates, he could not have poured forth his 
ftitter and undaunted satire in such perilous times.* ' Southey, 
Bdtd Works o/BriL Poeis, (1881,) p. 61. 
* Jmem, of LiL i\. QQ, 


is a jiienrrnl sntire on Ibe comiptions of tbe CSl 
the friari and (he bisbops being attnrked alik 
spariDglj I nor, when Skelton himself pronoi 
of this piece ihat " though his ryme be ragg 
hath in it some pylh," ' did he orcrrate its v 
and ita weighty truth: Coign Cloute nolan^yi 
that fearlessnes a which on all occasions distini 
ed liim, but evinces a snperioritj to ihe prejt 
of hia age, in assailing abuses, which, if manif 
his more enlightened contemporaries, few at 
had as yet presumed to censure. — In Why 
ye not to Courte the satire is entirely pen 
and aimed at the all-powerful minister to * 
the author had once humbly sued for prefer 
While throughout this remarkable poem, SI 
either overlooks or denies the better qualilit 
commanding (alenta, and the great attaiiiniei 
Wolsey, and even ungenerously taunts him 
tbe meanness of bis origin ; he faib not to I 
his character and conduct in those partii 
against which a satirist might justly de< 
and with the certainty that invecli' 
would find an echo among the people. Th( 
pomp and luxury of Ibe Cardinal, his ini 
ambition, his insolent bearing at tbe council- 
liis in accessibility to suitors, &c. &C. are dv 
with an intensity of scornful bitterness, and 
tionally give rise to vivid descriptions 


lastorj assures us are but little exaggerated. 
Some readers may perhaps object, that in this 
poem the satire of Skelton too much resembles 
the " oyster-knife that hacks and hews," to which 
that of Pope was so unfairly likened ^) ; but all 
mnst confess that he wields his weapon with pro- 
digious force and skill ; and we know that Wolsejr 
writhed under the wounds which it inflicted. 

When Catullus bewailed the death of Lesbians 
bird, he confined himself to eighteen lines and 
truly golden lines ; but Skelton, while lament- 
ing for the sparrow that was " slayn at Carowe," 
has engrailed on the subject so many far-sought 
and whimsical embellishments, that his epicede is 
really what the old editions term it, — " a boke," 
Phylhfp Sparowe exhibits such fertility and deli- 
cacy of fancy, such graceful sportiveness, and such 
ease of expression, that it might well be charac* 
terized by Coleridge as '* an exquisite and original 

In The Tunning ofMynour Rummyng, which 
would seem to have been one of Skelton's most 
popular performances, we have a specimen of his 

''^Satire should, like a polish' d razor, keen, 

Wound with a touch that's scarcely felt or seen: 
ThvM it an oygier-kmfe thai hacks and hews,^^ &c. 

Verses addressed to the imUator of the I^rst Satire 
of the Second Bock cf Horace (the joint composi- 
tion of Lord Hervey and Lady M. W. Montagu.) 
•JSdMiMif, u. 163. 


talent for tlie luw burlesque ; — a de^cripUi 
real ale-wife, auil of the various gossips whokee] 
thronging to lier for liquor, aa if uader the influ 
enee of a spdi. If few compositions of the kin 
have more coarseness or exlrnvBgance, there ar 
few which have greater animation or a riclie 

The Garlaade ofLaweU. one of Skeltan's long 
est and mo^t elaborate pieces, cannot also U 
reckoned among liis besL It contains, bowevet 
several pas^ges of no mean beuuiy, which shei 
that he possessed powers ibr the higher kind of 
poetiy, if he had chosen lo exercise them ; aD( 
is interspersed with some lyrical addresses to tin 
ladies who weave his chaplet, which are Terj 
happily versified. In one respect the Garliait 
o/'Zaurefl stands without a parallel: the hisior] 

Uieralure aSbrds no second example of a poei 
'having deliberalely written sixteen hundred iin« 

honour of himself. 

Skelton is to be regarded as one of the ftthen 
of the English drama. His Enleditde of Vtrftt 
and bis Comedy calli/d Achademios ^ have perisb 
ed: so perhaps has his ifigramansir ;^ but hi 

' " Q/" Vcria also Oil soueraj-ne enWrlurfe." 

Goriondao/'Zourea.To!. U. Xtt 

" " ffii mmmerfj, AeluuUmiot csUyd by nmnB." li. p. aa], 

■ Sra Appendix II. Co this Memoir.— Mr. CaiUec Lb iniitab 

in BDppoi'Iiig Skeltan'a "pniaunda ttaat-ners played in lojrvl 

Garde ■' lo hnve bfien draniatio compos itions: see Notei, Tl 

Hi. 344. 


Magmifycence is still extant. To those who carry 
their acquaintance with our early play-wrights no 
ferther back than the period of Peele, Greene, and 
Marlowe, this " goodly interlude " by Skelton will 
doubtless appear heavy and inartificial : its supe- 
riority, however, to the similar efforts of his con- 
temporaries, is, I apprehend, unquestionable.* 

If our author did not invent the metre which 
he uses in the greater portion of his writings, and 
which is now known by the name Skeltomcal, 
he was certainly the first who adopted it in poems 
of any length; and he employed it with a skill, 
which, after he had rendered it popular, was be- 
yond the reach of his numerous imitators.^ " The 
Skeltonical short verse," observes Mr. D'Israeli, 
speaking of Skelton's own productions, " contract- 
ed mto five or six, and even four syllables, is wild 
tod airy. In the quick returning rhymes, the 
playfulness of the diction, and the pungency of 
new words, usually ludicrous, often expressive, 
and sometimes felicitous, there is a stirring spirit 
which will be best felt in an audible reading. The 
velocity of his verse has a carol of its own. The 

^ A writer, of whose stupendous ignorance a specimen has 
h«tti already cited (p. xl, note 4,) informs us ttiat Magnyftf- 
***« " is one of the dullest plays in our language.*' EminerU 

^ndSdenL Men of Great Britain^ &c. (Lardner's Ctfchp.) 

' See Appendix m. to this Memoir, and Poems aUributed to 
Sktltm, YoL ii. 845. 

VOL. I. E 

ixr: sour xccoirsr or 

'th-rr.*? r*r.z :n :li»* ear. ar.d die thonsfats are flan 
sw>y.* like c*:-ra^oan»jcs.~ * 

.Skrlron hi? c«rirn t?«q!2entlT termed a Macaro 
r.:^ poet, bat i: =iaj be d«3abced if with strict pre 
prietj; for the pos^akre* in which he introduce 
-tnavih*^ of Latin and French are thiniT scatters 
r:.^r;^2h Kh works. *" This anomaloas and motlej 
m'yi'^ of Tersification." sajs Warton. " is I belieT( 
*riTtZi^j*ed to be pecaliar to oar author. I am not 
Jyjwever. qnite certain that it originated with Skel- 
triTi." * He ought to have been ** quite certain ' 
t^iat it did not.* 

* AjMn. 0/ LiL ii. 69. 

• ** In hevyn biyse ye xalle wyn to be 

AmoT.^e the b!y«5yd company 
Tfi'ir SA ifl alle raerth joye and glee 
frUer agmina angdoi'um 

In blyse to abyde/' 
C/fnfj,inj yhjgUritti—MS. CotL Vtxp. D. viiL fol. 112. 

A reprir.t of Mar=he's ed. of Skelton*s Workt* having aj 
jAHffA in 1736, Pope took occasion, during the next year, i 
mention them in the folIo\ring ternis,^-casting ablightonot: 
\>^ff',VA r'?j;titation, from which it has hardly yet recovered; 

" Ciinucer's worst ribaldry is learned by rote, 
And htfistbj tike.Wm Heads of Houses quote *' — 

Note — " Skelton, Poet Laureat to Hen. 8. a Volume of whoe 
Ver«eH lum been lately reprinted, consisting almost wholl, 
of Uibaldry, Obscenity, and Billingsgate Language.'* Th 
First Kj/isth of Oie Secon/J Book of Horace imkcUed, 1737. Bt 
Pope waa unjust to Skelton; for, though expressions ofd( 
cided groflHness occur in his writings, they are con^raikt 


/w; and daring his own time, so far were such expressions 
from being regarded as offensive to decency, that in all 
I»obability his royal pupil would not have scrupled to em 
ploy them in the presence of Anne Bulleyn and her maids of 


P. xiivii. The following verses are transcribed from a 
MS. (in the collection of the late Mr. B. H. Bright,) consist* 
kg(f %mm, &c.,by Plcus Mlrandula: — 

" Pici MtrandulcB Carmen Extemporale, 
Quid tibi facundum nostra in prseconia fontem 
Solvere coUibuit, 

Jltema vates, Skelton, dignissime lauro, 
Castalidumque decus? 

Kos neque Fieri dum celebramus antra sororum, 
Fonte nee Aonio 

Ebibimus vatum ditantes ora liquores. 
At tibi Apollo chelym \gic\ 
Auratam dedit, et vooalia plectra sorores; 
Inque tuis labiis 

Dulcior Hyblaeo residet suadela liqnore: 
Se tibi Calliope 

Infudit totam : tu carmine vincis olorem ; 
Gedit et ipse tibi 

Ultro porrecta cithara Rhodopeius Orpheus: 
Tu modulante lyra 

Et mulcere feras et duras ducere quercus, 
Tu potes et rapidos 

Flexanimis ddibus fluviorum sistere oursus; 
Flectere saxa potes. 

GrsBcia Mseonio quantum debebat Homero, 
Mantua Virgillo, 

Tantum Skelton! jam se debere &tetur 
Terra Britanna suo: 

Primus in banc Latio deduxit ab orbe Camenas ; 
Primus hie edocuit 


Exculte pureque loqui: te principe, SkeltoD, 
Anglia nil metuat 

Vel cum Romanis versa certare poetis. 
Vive valeque diul " 

P. xlv. To my notices of Garnesche add the followii 
(collected by Mr. D. E. Davy) from Gent. Mag. for Se 
1844, p. 229: — 

" Sir Christopher Garneys, knt., whom I suppose to be 1 
person who was the object of Skelton's satire, was the secc 
son of J^dmuud Garneys, esq. of Beccles, who was the secc 
»on of Peter Garneys, esq. of Beccles, whose eldest & 
Thomas, was of Kenton. He, * Sir Christopher,' was jani 
of Caleys, and often employed in the wars temp. H. viii. . 

In a window of the chapel in the north aisle of St. Pete 
Mancroft Church, Norfolk, was the following inscription : *. 
anda . a . . Dei, pro animabus Thome Elys tercia vice huj 
civitatis Norwici Majoriset Margarete consortis sue. — Ora 
dumque est pro animabus Edmundi Garnysh armigeri, 
Matilde ejus consortis, filie predictorum Thome Elis et Mi 
gsirote, ac pro longevo statu Christopheri Garnysh milit 
dicti screiiissimi Principis ville sue Cahsie Janitoris.' S 
Hlomf. Norf. vol. iv. p. 199. [vol. ii. 628. ed. fol.j 

* A description of the Standards borne in the field by Pee 
and Kniglits in the reign of Hen. Eighth, from a MS. in t 
College of Arms marked I. 2. Compiled between the yet 
IfilO and 1525.'— Syr Christoffer Garnys. * A on a wrea 
Argent & Gules, an arm erased below the elbow, and ere 
pr<)i)er, holding a falchion Argent, pomel and hilt Or, * 
i)!ado imbrued in 3 places Gules. (Imperfect.) — Arn 
Argent a chevron Azure between 3 escallops Sable.' E 
cerpta Historica, p. 317. 

* Stanilards, temp. H. viii. Harl. MS. 4632. Syr Xr'o 
Oarneyshe. Blue. The device, on a wreath Argent fl 
(lule.o, an arm erased, grasping a scymitar, Proper. — Mo' 
*' Oublere ne dois." » Collect. Topog. vol. iii. p. 64. 

* The names of the Inglishmen which were sent in ^ 
bftssado to the French King, before the Qwenes Landing} ' 
odor Gentilmen in their Compaigne.' — * Su* Christopher ^ 
neys' ', inter al.).— Leland's Collect, vol. ii. p. 704. 



In the AthencBum for July 18, 1840, p. 572. there is a long 
tetter, dated * at Morpeth, the xxviij day of Decembre,* and 
Bigned ' C. Gameys,' whom the editor supposes to have been 
ODe of the medical attendants sent by the King, upon the 
illness of Queen Margaret: it was more probably [certainly. 
Beep. xliii.] Sir Christ. Garneys, knt. 

Sir Christopher was knighted at Touraine, 25 Dec, 5 H. 

viii. 1513, and married Jane, daughter of She 

died 27th March, 1552. Her will was dated 27th Aug. 1550, 
and proved 12th May, 1552 ; she was buried at Greenwich. 
Her husband was dead when she made her will. She names 
hw son, Arthur Dymoke, esq. Bequeathes most of her per- 
NDil estate for cb iritaMe pnrposeg.*' 





( see Memoir, p. xl. ) ; 



Newly Imprinted 
& made by Ma- 
ster Skelton 

^ Imprinted at London 

in Fleetstreat beneath the 

Conduit at the signe of S. 

John EuangcliBt, 

by Thomas 

[W"**. n. d.J 

Here begynneth certayne 

merye tales of Skelton, 

Poet Lauriat. 

T How Skelten came late home to Oxford from Abington. Tale i. 

Skklton was an Englysheman borne as Skogyn was, and 
hee was educated & broughte vp in Oxfoorde : and there was 
lie made a poete lauriat. And on a tyme he had ben at Ab- 
l^ingtoa to make mery, wher that he had eate salte meates, 
>nd hee did com late home to Oxforde, and he did lye in an 
ine named y« Tabere whyche is now the Angell, and hee dyd 
^ke, & went to bed. About midnight he was so thyrstie 
w drje that hee was constrained to call to the tapster for 
^ke, & the tapster harde him not. Then hee cryed to hys 
»te & hys ostes, and to the ostler, for drinke ; and no man 
wold here hyra: alacke, sayd Skelton, I shall peryshe for 
lacke of drynke ! what reamedye ? At the last he dyd crie 
out and sayd, Fyer, fyer, fyer! When Skelton hard euery 
^^ bustled hymselfe vpward, & some of them were naked, 
& some were halfe asleepe and amased, and Skelton dyd crye, 
Fiw, fier, styll, that euerye man knewe not whether to re- 
mote; Skelton did go to bed, and the oste and ostis, & the 
tapster with the ostler, dyd runne to Skeltons chamber with 
candles lyghted in theyr handes, saying. Where, where, where 
« the fyer? Here, here, here, said Skelton, & poynted hyf 
vDger to hys moouth, saying, Fetch me some drynke tc 
qnenche the fyer and the heate and the drinesse in my niouthe: 
« so they dyd. Wherfore it is good for euerye man to helpe 
^y^ owne selfe in tyme of neede wytho some policie or craft©, 
w bee it there bee no deceit nor falshed vsed. 


^ llow Skrlt«iu ilrust the Kuii(Ki!liii:iu in the sweat time. [Tale li.] 

Oil n timo Skelton rode fnnii Oxforde to London with a 
K6nd:ihn:in, and at Uxbridgo tliey beyted. The KcndsiUmaa 
Ittvd liys cap vpon the borde in the luill, and he -svcntto aenie 
hv* borso. Skelton tooke y^ Kciidulmans cappe, and dyd 
put botwixto the linyng & tlie vtter sydo a dislie of butter: 
nnd when the Kendahnau had liys hor?e, liee dyd come 
in to diner, and dyd put on hys cappe (that tynie the sweat- 
inj; sycknes was in allKnglande); at the last, when the butter 
httd take heate of the Kendalluians hcade, it dyd begj'nne to 
run oner hys face and abouto liys cheekes. Skelton sayde, 
Syr, you sweatc soore: beware j-t you haue not the sweat- 
yiigti sycknesse. The Kcndalman sayde, By the mysse, Ise 
wnuiK* 1 ^*^^ P^® tyl^ ^cd. Skelton sayd, I am skild on 
phisicke, & si)ccially in the sweatynge sycknesse, that I wyll 
wurant any man. In gewd faith, saith the Kendallman, do 
HOi», and Ise bay for yonr skott to London. Then sayde Skel- 
ton, (Jiet you a kerchicfe, and 1 wyll br3"'ng you abed: the 
whiolio was dcnnie. Skelton caused the capp to bee sod in 
tioat Ice, 6c dryed it: in the morn^-ng Skelton and the Keudol- 
iium dyd rido merely to London. 

% IIowu Skclioii Uilile the inun that Chrysi \\'as very busye in the 
vvoikIl-u wiih iheru thut made fagois. Tule iii. 

When Skelton did cum to London, ther were manye men 
lit the tabic at diner. Amongest all other there was one 
huy<ic to Skelton, Be you of Oxforde or of Cambridge a 
M'dlcrV Skelton sayd, I am of Oxford. Syr, sayde the man, 
1 will pnt you a qnestion: you do know wel that after Christ 
(lv<i riM' from death to life, it was xl. days after ere he dyd 
n-»M'ii<l into heanen, and hee was but certaine times wythhyt 
dju'.yph's, and when that he did appeare to tliem, hee dyd 
iinu<*r tary loiigo amongest them, but sodainely vanished from 
llHMn; I wold fiiyne know (saith the man to Skelton) where 
Chryj-tc was all those xl. dayes. Where hee was, saythe 
bk«;lt(jn, Ciod knoweth; he was verve busye in the woods 


ifflODg bys labourers, that dyd make fagottes to bume here- 
tickes, & such as thou art the whych doest aske such diffuse 
questions: but no we I wyll tell thee more; whenhee was not 
with hys mother & hys disciples, hee was in Paradyce, to 
eomforte the holye patriarches and prophets soules, the which 
before he had fet out of hell. And at the daye of hys ascen- 
don, hee tooke them all vp wyth him into heauen. 

t Howe the Welshman dyd desyre Skelton to ayde hyra in hys sule 
to the kynge for a patent to sell drynke. The iiii. Tale. 

Skeltou, when he was in London, went to the kynges courte, 
where there did come to hym a Welshman, saying, Syr, it is 
80, that manye dooth come vpp of my country to the kyngs 
court, and some doth get of the kyng by patent a castell, and 
KAQe a parke, & some a forest, and some one fee and some 
another, and they dooe lyue lyke honest men; and 1 sl^ojilde 
lyue as honestly as the best, if 1 myght haue a patyhB'ifor 
good dryncke : wherefore I dooe praye you to writd'tJ. feiWe 
woords for mee in a lytic byll to geue the same to the kynges 
handes, and I wil geue you well for your laboure. I am con- 
tented, sayde Skelton. Syt downe then, sayde the Welsh- 
man, and write. What shall I wryte? sayde Skelton. The 
Welshman sayde, Wryte dryncke. Nowe, sayd the Welsh 
man, wryte, more dryncke. What now? sayde Skelton. 
Wryte nowe, a great deale of dryncke. Nowe, sayd the 
Welshman, putte to all thys dryncke a littell crome of breade, 
and a great deale of drynke to it, and reade once agayne. 
Skelton dyd reade, Dryncke, more dryncke, & a great deale 
of dryncke, and a lytle crome of breade, and a great deale 
of dryncke to it. Then the Welsheman sayde, Put out the 
Btle crome of breade, and sett in, all dryncke, and no breade : 
and if I myght haue thys sygned of the kynge, sayde the 
Welsheman, I care for no more as longe as I dooe lyue. Well 
then, sayde Skelton, when you haue thys signed of the kyng, 
^n will I labour for a patent to haue bread, that you wyth 
yoM drynke, and I with the bread, r\ay fare well, and Beek« 
our liuinge with bagge and staflfe. 


IT Of Swaiiborne the kiiaue, that was buried vnder St I'etorsVi 

ill Oxford. [Tale v.] 

There was dwelling in Oxford a stark koaue, whose nan 
was Swanborn; and he was such a notable knauethat,if ai 
Bcoler had fallen out thone wyth thother, the one woulde ct 
thother Swanborn, the whyche they dyd take for a won 
woorde than knaue. Hys wife woulde diners tymes in H. 
weeke kimbe his head with a iii. footed stoole: then lu 
woulde runne out of the doores wepinge, and if anye ma 
had asked hjin what he dyd aile, other whyle he woulde say 
hee had the megryra in hys head, or ells, there was a grea 
smoke wythin the house : & if the doores were shut, hys wyl 
woulde beate him vnder the bed, or into the bench hole, am 
then ho woulde looke out at the cat hole ; then woulde fail 
wife saye, Lookest thou out, whoreson? Yea, woulde hi 
saye, thou shalt neuer let me of my manly lookes. ThflE 
with her distaff she would poore in at hym. 1 knewe faiii 
when that he was a boye in Oxforde ; hee was a littell oldl 
fellowe, and woulde lye as fast as a horse woulde trotte. M 
last hee dyed, and was buried vnder the wall of S. VeUxxt 
church. Then Skelton was desyred to make an epitaphft 
vppon the churche wall, and dyd wryte wyth a role, saymgt 
Belsabub his soule saue, Qui iacet hie hee a knaue: Jamtdo^ 
moriuus est, Et iacet hie hee a beast: SepuUus^ est amonge th0 
weedes: God forgiue him his misdeedes! 

IT Howe Skelton was complayiied on to the bishop of Norwidi 

Tale vi. * 

Skelton dyd keepe a musket at Dys, vpon the which ht 
was complayned on to the bishop of Norwych. The byshoppe 

i«ao] Olded. "sci.'* 

2 SepuUus] Old ed. " Sepuitus." — This epitaph is made op 
from portions of Skelton's verses on John Clarke and Adam 
Uddersal: see vol. i. 188, 192. 


IfcStelWn. Ssoltondjdtakfltvro CBpOH8,logeuetheyiii 

flripruenUto the tiyibop. And as eootie as hcB hull go- 
hM tlie bjshepp, hce hlj de, Mj lorde, bore I liBiie brought 
JM > (wiple of eapoQi, TIib byiliop win blynde, Mid Bajde, 
BigbesyDulf 1 am Skdton,Baya Skeltou. The byaliop 
Hjd, A luMrB hend I I will nooe of tliy CHpons: thnii keep- 
CN nduppye mla is tb; house, far tlio nliyche [lioa ahitllbe 
poUiHl. What, BoydB Skelton, is the winda nt thai dooro? 
■mluyd, God be with yoo, my lordel and Skelton with liis 
npoMweiil hys v/«y. The hythop sent oflar Skelton to 
amesgayne. SkeltoQ snyds, Whst,ahiil I come^ agayneta 
apattawylhe a nisdde Tunn? Atlaat bee rotnnmod to tha 
i/thap, vhjebn suyde to hym, I would, tayd the byahop, 
Am you (houlde noClyna auche asolnundoroaM lyfc, thai all 
joir pariMha sbooLdo not wonder & complaina ou yoa ks 
fay done: I pmy yoa amende, ftnd herenftBr Ij-ua honaBtlya, 
Ibilltmre no more anahe woordes of you; audif you wyll 
tirrtdyanei, yoa aball be wehiome; and I Cbtinke you, eayde 
lUfcyslioppe, for your caponi. Skalton Bayde, My iord, my 
•fOHhuieprapec names; Ihe one laniimed Alpha, the other 
kwned Omega : my loide, tuyd Skelton, tlils capon is named 
ll(tu,thys ia Ihc fyrst capon that I dyd euer gene to you,- 
ndthlteiipon is oainod Omegn, and this ia the l».?t ciipun 
ttUmerl wil giue you: & ao fare you m-oU, aayd Skelton. 

GUtan the nexta Sondnys aiter wento into Ihe pnlpet K 
^Ij.ind Myde, Pot atii, vo> utM, that is to anye, Yeu be 
mbe. And wlmt be yon? sayd Skelton: I tiiyo, thul yoi! 
bB*nno ufkiinaei, yea, and a man might suye worse tlier 
twiM; uid wliy, I nliall shew you. You hniic cninplnyneii 
rffflUloIhoby^op (lint [duo keepe a fuyre wonch in* my 
tout: I dooe tell you, if yoa hud any fuyre wiuos, it wan 
nu akat tolieipe me at neode; I am u myou bu: you 

I thai J come] Old ed. " thai! I fca. 


hane fou!e wvue*, and I hane a faire wenche, of tbe wfaydtf 
I haae beji-^tten a favre bove, as I doe thinke, and as yon •!! 
shall see. Thou wvt'e, sayde Skeltoa, that hast my childe^be 
not afraid; bring me hither my childe to me: tbe whycbe 
was doone. And he, shewynge his childe naked to all the 
parishe, sayde. How saye yoa, neibours all ? is not this child 
as fayre as is the besre of all yours ? It hathe nose, eyes, 
handes, and fee:e, as well as any of your : it is not lyke i 
py gge, nor a cal'e, nor like no foole nor no monstmous bea^ 
If I had, savde Skelton. broac:h:e forthe thvs chvlde without 
armes or Ie;^:;;es, or that i: wer deformed, being a nooostnioat 
thyng, I woulde neuer haue blamed yoa to haae complayned 
to the bi<hop of me ; bu: :o complain without a cause, I nyt 
as I said before In my an:e:hem. n.« esdsy you be, and huM 
be, (& wyll ani jliall be knaues, to complaync of me wytiioot 
a cause res^^nable. For yoa be presumptuous, & dooe exate 
yourselues, aiid therefore yoa shall be made low: as I shsl 
shewe you a f:imyller ei.miple of a parish priest, the whydn 
dyd make a sermoa La Rome. And he dyd take that for hy 
antethem. the whioii of Ia:e dayes is named a theme, an' 
sayde« C>i< s^ iJr.:^.i: .t:•.'/».'.V.'JiJ^■ir, it ijmpi ^ kumiiiat exaUabit^ 
that is to ?av. he :ha: do:a exal:e himselfe or dothe erto 
hvin<el.e ^V.A".Ve made meke, i he that doth humble hvtf 
selte or is iiieke, shalce exalted, extoulled, or eleuated, < 
sull:r.iate\i. or <uoli lyke: ani t>::it I will shewe yoa by tb 
mv CAV. riil< o;-.vve 'A"as :"vrs:e nv iocde, when that I wi 
stude:;:e :r. J::oal-.o.\ & th^u :: was ?o pro .lie that it woal< 
to: b<e v.v":<::;:c'i« cut :: w^ulie sl'rre and fall from rt 
shculierf* I r«:a--;yv.yrp» tiiy^ tiiat he was proade, wh; 
then siv i 1 1 <>. , Tt. V : . c . lvtI:: if . I i^ri make of hvm a par: 
ox'brxvr.cs to ro.y .•.:<<;. t: .r^-rc- ^7^ lowe. And when th 
1 iyi 5i--e, k. .^^0. .r rr:^~'xyu: :!'.2.t he w:i5 in that case,ai 
all:".<;<} - ,\--.e oUar.;? :u:e. w>..xt -yi I :h«i to exxoH by 
^.*;v *.rA'. r.i . Y.u all iv.av <<•* rhit this mr cap was made ( 
.:5 v.-y ,r>ev'h-r<. rh-e.-^;'. r^, sayie Sk^too^toi ert 

<*5 .<5f ;^r-.\ :: i i • . " -.' . u -. i: .-as «^ Oli ed- ** QiiB M C 


I Unfcray*!! bee, u 1 dyd eaya before: if Ihai 
'!e, niid cannot lie conleiiled llint I hnue 
He of Jim flliall weure hornB9 ; and tlierf^ 
faretrcU. It ie merye !□ the ball, v 

1 Bow ihc frjec u1(ed lei 

,L Dyi, 

Bwaa a fryer J* whyeb dydde come toSkellon lobiiufl 
to preach ut Dys. Wbat wonldo yoii proMliB there? 
■file SkelEon : doue not you Ihynke that t am aufQcteute to 
{nuhi there in myne owns cure ? Syr, luyde the freere, 1 
m the limyter of Norwych, and once a yonre one of our 
phce dotbe vao to preocha wytb you, to take the douocion of 
tilt people; and ir 1 may bans yoorgood \!i], eo bee It, or els 
InllEDme and preach agaioat your will, by the aufhor^tia 
(Tlln byiliope of Boroe, for 1 hnne byi buHoa to preache in 
tasrye plaee, and iherfors I wyll be there on Sonduye nexte 
nmnyng. Ooma not there, fhiere, t dooe connsell thee, snyd 
Sttlnm. The SundayeneiteroUovfyngeSlteUoTjIayde watch 
ttmeuniynge of the frere: and ns lone as Skulton had 
bvlidge of the freero, he went into tha pulpet to preiiche. 
ilhatth«freere<]y<l come InM the chnrcha witli Uie biiih- 
<(;• of Bome* bulla: in hye hande. Skelton then aayd to 
■a^jKriahe, See, aeo, see,uiidpoy!ited tn theefryere. All 
Hi^tlBh (Died on the frere. Then sayde Skelton, Malsters, 
hnli as wondarfnll K tliyuge as en^r ivns neeni'i yon all 
Im known Umt 11 ie a thynjje diiylye eeeiie, n bullo dothe 
kplle > caUu; bat here, coutmrye to alt nature, a talfa 
tub* gotten a bnlJaj for thya fryBro, baeynge a c.ilfe, hiith 
pKnmbnlle of the byahoppe of Rome. The frjore, bojnge 
■inoed, woulde nauer after thiit lima preanmK lo preach 

wSkollon liuiiillsd iLcfrjcr Ihui H-mildenH^dcEljeniLUlwinlii 
m ryd iulo y oountre, Ihara was a frcre that hap 


ened in at nn alehouse wheras Skelton was lodged, and &e 
the frere dyd desire to haue lodj^nig. The alewife sayd, S} 
I haue but one bed whereas master Skelton doth lye. S} 
sayd tlie frere, I pray you that I maye lye with yoo. Ski 
ton said, Master freere, I doo vse to haue no man to lye VU 
me. Syr, sayd the frere, I haue lyne with as good men i 
you, and for my money I doo looke to haue lodgynge as wft 
as you. Well, sayde Skelton, I dooe see than that you wy 
lye with me. Yea, syr, sayd the frere. Skelton did fill «1 
the cuppes in the house, and whitled the frere, that at to 
last, the frere was in mxiie eames peason. Then sayde Skd 
ton, Mayster freere, Jet you to bed, and 1 wyll come to bet 
within a while. The frere went, and dyd lye vpright, an^ 
snorted lyke a sowe. Skelton wente to the chaumber, and 
dyd see that the freere dyd lye soe ; sayd to the wyfe, GeM 
me a washyng betle. Skelton tlien caste downe the clotheii 
and the freere dyd lye starke naked : then Skelton dyd shit* 
vpon the freeres nauil and bellye ; and then he did take tii9 
washyng betle, and dyd strike an harde stroke vppon tiitt 
nauill & bellye of the freere, and dyd put out the canddli 
and went out of the chaumber. The freere felt hys bellye, 
& smelt a foule sauour, had thought hee had ben gored, and 
cried out and sayde, Helpe, helpe, helpe, I am kylled ! They 
of the house with Skelton wente into the chaumber, and 
asked what the freere dyd ayle. The freere sayde, I am 
kylled, one hathe thrust me in the bellye. Fo, sayde Skel- 
ton, thou dronken soule, thou doost lye ; thou hast beshyttei 
thyselfe. Fo, sayde Skelton, let vs goe oute of the chaum- 
ber, for the knaue doothe stynke. The freere was ashamed, 
and cryed for water. Out with the whoreson, sayd Skelton, 
and wrap the sheetes togyther, aud putte the freere in the 
hogge stye, or in the barne. The freere said, geue me SCUM 
water into the bame : and there the freere dyd wasshe him 
selfe, and dydde lye there all the nyght longe. The chaum* 
ber tmd the bedde was dressed, and the sheetes shy fted ; and 
then Skelton went to bed. 


T Howe the cardynall desyred Skehon to make aii epiiaphe vpun his 

graue. Tale x. 

Thomas Wolsey, cardynall and archbyshop of Torke, bad 
made a regall tombe to lye in after bee was deade : and be 
desyred Master Skelton to make for his tombe an epytapbe, 
vhyohe is a memoriall to shewe the lyfe with the actes of a 
fioble man. Skelton sayde, If it dooe lyke your grace, I 
Mime not make an ep3rtaphe vnlesse that I do fie your tombe. 
The cardynall sayde, I dooe praye you to meete wyth mee 
tomcffowe at the West Monesterye, and there shall you se 
my tombe a makynge. The pointment kept, and Skelton, 
ieyng the sumptuous coste, more pertaynyng for an empe- 
nnre or a maxymyous kynge, then for suche a man as he 
WIS (although cardynals wyll compare wyth kyngs), Well, 
ttyd Skelton, if it shall like your grace to creepe into thys 
tombe whiles you be alyue, I can make an epitaphe ; for I 
va rare that when that you be dead you shall neuer haue it. 
The whyche was verifyed of truthe. 

f Howe the hostler dyd byte Skeltous mare vader the lale, for biting 
him by the arme. Tale xi. 

ftdton vsed mucbe to ryde on a mare ; and on a tyme hee 
Opened into an inne, wher there was a folish ostler. Skel- 
ton said, Ostler, hast thou any mares bread ? l^o, syr, sayd 
hostler: I haue good horse bread, but I haue no mares 
Ir^ Skelton saide, I must haue mares bread. Syr, sayde 
^ ostler, there is no mares bred to get in all the towne. 
Well, sayd Skelton, for this once, seme my mare wyth horse 
bnad. In the meane time Skelton commaunded the ostler 
to sadle his mare ; & the hosteler dyd gyrde the mare hard, 
ttd the hostler was in hys ierkyn, and hys shirte sleues wer 
■bone his elbowes, and in the girding of the mare hard the 
Bare bitte the hostler by the arme, and bitte him sore. The 
liottler was angry, and dyd bite the mare ynder th<i tayle, 
Mying, A whore, is it good byting by the bare arme ? Skel- 
(OD sayde then, Why, fellowe, haste thou hurt my mare? 

VOL. I. V 


IS Ifaf hoMler, ka me, kn Uiee : y{ the done h 

1 HonlliBcoblorluIileniaiiK 

fa: Ifae purjMhe of Dys. whereas Skelton wn« penoD, 
d««l!*d ■ cobJcr, bejniK linlfe 
■id agmle ilouen, oiherwvFe muned n sIoDclie. The k 

e wnixet hyyonda Ihe ten, SkeltoB 
Ihjrs ■fdcwyd dou^htie man, Neyboar, joa be aUlli 
1» »l* kpges warres you niQSt beremtandsH. AitlUi 
iMlbtCObler.whBtathitigiaChat? Skdloutaide.l 
piBl tanner, such a one as thoa dooost »se Hi benre 
pejcnwetke) and n lordoa.orakayghtes.oTaiieDtlen 
Umm ehull bee vgion ll ; and die eooldien thot be nidc 
alhMHfde persons fuyghtynge Tndei ihy banner. 

eohbtler; I can no aki) in faighUi^ 
■a sbiilte noI lAj^l, but holde 
!n By my fay, sajd the cobh 
■UUin the mattsr. Well, »ayd Skolton, there is 
b«t thou Bbiille forthe to dotw the kynges aer 

thii coantrey theare is not a mora till 
.cbe a > feate in Ihoa arte. Syr, tcyjf 
Otbbelcr, I wyll gene yon a latle eapoa, that I loeyo b< 
lyde Skellon, I wyll not haue noue of th; 
HWl for ihou shulte doe the kjDg >emice iu his mm. 1 
fwd tlie ODbler, what shold I doo? wyll you haue me ID 
IB Ibe kyngci whttcs, and to bee killed Cat my latwor? 
1 thall be well at ease, Tor I shall hnoe my mendss il 
That, knaue. aayd Skelton, att ibou a 
e, hnuyiig >o great bones V No, eaydethe CDbier,Iul 
kAardo: It is good to alepe hi a wholeskinne. Why, 
ftkelton, 'hou jhalle bee bariiessed to keepe away theMi 
n tliy ekynne. By my (ay, sayde the coblei, if I 
«d«* Ibrtbe, I will see howeyche shnll bee ordered. I 


Aidjdliarneeie the donghtye squird], and dyd put an liel- 
BMoDhia head; and when tho helmet was on the coblen 
fcade, the cohleriayde. What »hall Ihose hoalei aenie for? 
Stillw eay d. Holes to looks out to see thy enemyes. Yea, 

trthon one may come and thmst s naylo info one of the 
tiea, and prycke out myne eye. Therfore, sud the cobler 
to Mailer Skelton, I wyil not goe to warre : my wyfe shall 
|M a my steado, for sho can fyghta and playe the douell 
(yiti her distaffe, and with stole, Ebiffe, cnppe, or candlo- 
Aoke; for, by my fay, I cham sicke; 1 chill go home Co bed) 
HUoke I Bhall dye. 

Vhea Maieter Skelton dyd dwell in the counlrey, bee wm 
tpMde with a miller to hane hya come gronndo toile free; 
■d imnye Qrmee when hye niaydBn[«] ibouldo bake, they . 
■BMd of their mete, and complained to their mysCres that 
Ih^ could not make their etint of breade. Mystres Skelton, 
iMTige Terye angrye, totde her husbande of iC Then Maa- 
l<t Skelton eent for hia miller, aad aaked hym hows it changed 
But hoe deceyued hym of hia corns. II aaide John miUari 
>>•;, inrely 1 neuer deceyued you ; if that you can prone tliat 
bTmee, do with mee aa yon lyate. Surely, eayd Skoltan, if 
Iilotlynde thee false anys more, thou shalt bo hanged np by 
tenecke. So Skelton apoyotad one of hys eeruauntes lo 
Bud at the mill wbyle the come was a grindyng. John 
BjBer, beyng a notable theefe, would feyn hane dec«ued him 
Mba had dou Iwfore, but beyng afrayd of Skeltona sernaunle, 
Wind his wyfe to put one of her chyldren into y* myll dam, 
nd Co cTje, Help, help, my childa ia drowned I With that, 
Mm myller and all weut out of the myll; & Skeltotit aer- 
■inDle, beint; dilygent to helpe the chylde, thought not of the 
■wale, and the whili the myllot* boye was redy wylh a sacka, 
■Bd Hole awaye the come ; ao when they bad taken td tlw 



childe, and all was fate, ibej carat in srjitiio; & bo tIM '^\ 
usanC, luiiyng iiys Gryele, went home iiiiBtru!t7iigiiDlfa;np( 
BQil when the muy des eiime to bnke Hgaiiie, ai thej dyd b>- 
fan, eo the; laokcd of tbejr me&le agajue. Master SkBtton 
CBlde (br bys man, and asked bim bowe it chi\unced thU U 
was deeeaued; & bee sayd that bee coulde not telt, Forldjj 
foar comQi&undement. And then Muter Skeboo igntAt 
the loyllBr. and myde, Thon bait not Tjed me,' well, for 1 
wnnt of my mele. Why, what wold youbnueme uo? ny4 
the millerj you hflne set your own man to watcbe nM. 
Well, than, sayd Skslton, if thou doest not tell me wtayd 
waye tboQ baaC played tbe tbeefe wytb mee, thon ahtilb ba 
luuiged. I preye you be good inaeter Tiitt> me, & I wyll nU 
you the truttbe: your aaruanut wold not horn myii^ll|& 
when I anwe none oilier ramedye, I caaaod my wyfe to pul 
one of my cbyldreii into the waUr, Sc lo crie ttaat ICtw 
drowned! ^nd whiles wee were belpyng of the chylde ov^ 
one of my boyea djd Bteals yourcOTne. Yea, eayde EkelUUV 

thya; and thorfore, if tbon dooefitenot one tbynge tbatlBbflU 
tell thee, I wyll folow the biwa on thee. What is that? afi 
the myller. If that tfaoa dooest not stoale my cuppe of Uu 
table, wben I am setts at meate, tbou shalt not eskape my 
hnades. good master, sayd John miller, I prey yoa Sf 
gene me, and let me not dooe ihys ; I am not able to dooe H 
ThoaBholtnauerbBforgeuen, saydo Skellon, withOBte QliB 
dooest it. When the miller eawa no remedye, he went fi 
charged one of liys boyes, in an enonyng (when that Skrika 
was at supper) lo sella fyro in one of hya hoggca stie^ fitfl* 
fi«m anybonee, for doyng any barme. And it cbauneii),,, 
that one of Skeltona samanntea name OQle, and apledlhe^,, 
and bee oryade, Helpe, beipe 1 for all that my maater b«th ftji 
lyketo be burnt. Hys masler, hearing this, rose from 1|JI;| 
supper with all the companie, and yieat to queucbe the tJIKf, 
and the while John miller came In, and stole away hys onj^i" 
Sc went bya way. The flro being quickly slaked, SkalU'| 
OHin la with his frendea, and reasoned wytb hys fi«Bdtt'' 
which way they thought the fjre ahouldo coma; and one^T* 
nun made answer as thel thangbt good And as they mf 


rjag. SkeltOD caTed for a cap of beare; and in no wise 
jppt iriijdie hee Tsed to drynke in wonlde not be founde. 
ao was TCfye angrie that his cap was mysynge, and 
I wldche ware it shoalde bee gone; and no manne 
e tdl hjm of it. At last be bethonght him of the mil- 
: sard, Sorelj, he, that theefe, hath done this deede, and 
gui thje to be hanged. And hee sent for the miller: so 
liOer tolde hvm all howe hee had done. Trnelj, sayd 
n, tfaoa art a notable knaue; and withonte thou canste 
! one other feate, then shalte dye. O good master, sayde 
liller, Toa promised to pardon me, and wil yon now 
ejovir promise? I,saydSkelton; wythout thou canste 
the sheeCes of my bed, when my wyfe and I am aslepe, 
ihalte be hanged, that all suche knaues shall take en- 
e by tfaee. Alas, sayd the miller, whych waye shall ] 
his thinge? it is vnpossible for me to get theym while 
ee tiiere. Well, sayde Skelton, withonte thou dooe it, 
cnowest the daunger. The myller went hys way, beyng 
beany, & stndyed whiche waye he myght doo thys 
. He hanynge a little boy, whyche knewe all the cor- 
if Skeltons house & where hee lay, vpon a night when 
irere all busie, the boie crepte in vuder his bed, wyth a 
<^yeste; and when Skelton & hys wyfe were fast 
e, hee all to noynted the sheetes with yeste, as farre as 
onld reache. At last Skelton awaked, & felt the sheetes 
3te; waked his wife, and sayd, What, hast thou beshitten 
ed? and she sayd, Naye, it is you that haue doone it, I 
le, fw I am sure it is not I. And so theare fel a great 
betweene Skelton and his wyfe, thinkyng that the bedd 
)eo beshitten; and called for the mayde to geue them a 
le payre of shetes. And so they arose, & the mayde 
s the foulo sheetes and threw them vnderneath the bed, 
:ynge the nexte morning to haue fetched them away, 
next time the maydes shuld goe to washynge, they 
d all about, and coulde not fynde the sheetes ; for Jacke 
lyllers boy had stollen them awaye. Then the myller 
sent for agayne, to knowe where the sheetes were be- 
: & the myller tolde Mayster Skelton all how he denised 
ale the sheetes. Howe say ye ? sayde Skelton to hys 


(t«i|'l**| li QOt this Bootable Ih^fV is he not worf^nS 
h*l>(eil thai cuinA <1ao« iheu deedes? 
ijuuUi the lulUer, noire fargeaa mea accordjage to jooni 
|mniiyiiil Ibr I haue dune all thai ;oa haae comnmniided 
llive, \tail I tnut now joa -wyil pardon rati. Htye, quoth 
HkallDn, thou ilialt dooyet one other feate, atid tbaC Ehall bes 
lliyil tlioa sbnlte ftenJo maidtar penon out of hys bed stmid- 
iilgbt, thnt he iball ool koow where he Is beconiB. The nul' 
I*r innde gre^t mooe and l]uneii!ed, snyiiig, I can not tal In 
Hie wortil howe I sbaJl dooe, Tor I am neaer able to dooe Ilia 
Ibala. Well, sayde Skellon, thon ahalt dooa it, or els Ihog 
ehalc lyndeno faumu st my hondsi uid Ibetfore ffi thy my. 
The miller beynge sorj'e, deuysed with hhnsiilfe wbiiji my 
li« might bryag this thing to piu^e. And ii. or iii. ny^W 
after, gathered a namber a( snails, & sread with the tejM 
of the churchelo bane tlie key of the churohe dore,andmal 
into the chorcbe betireDe the faourcs of > li. and lii, in Sk 
night, it tooke the sBayles, and lygfated a sorte oT little wsO 
oandlei, & set Tppon euerie mayle one, & the snayles crapO 
abODt the chorchanyth the same candelsvpon Uieirbaelntl 
ind then be went mto the vesti«y, and pnl a cope vppaa Iijl 
backe, & Etoode very solemnely at the hye alter with s bool* ' 
In hya hand; and aftenrarde lolled tbs beli, that the pieari 
lyingB ia Ibe chnicte ysrf might hears him. The pB>»^ 
hearyng the bell telle, starte ootfi of hie alepe, and loolted ad 
of hya windowe, and sawe sttche a lyghl in the churuh, wM 
very muehe amased, and thougbt sorely that the churchilhid 
ben on fire, and wenle for to tee what wDDder it ahonlde t«^ 
And when he came there, he fonnde the church dore optOi 
and iient Tp into the qoier; and see the miller standyng )l 
l»-s vestemantas, and a booke in bji hand, praying denoallj'i 
ii all the lyghtaa in tlie chnrch, ihon^t sarely with hyA- 
aelfe it was soma angeil come downe from heanon, or WIBI i 
utlier great miracle, blessed hrmselfe and sayde, In IheuiDt I 
of the Father, the Sonne, and the Holy QhffilB, what art Hut J 
that ilaudMt here in thys hoUye place ? 0, layde the mjt . 
ter, 1 am saynt Peter, whjcb kepe 1 the keyea of heauea pU, i 


Bd IhMi knowe&t that none can enter into beanea excepts I 
iMb^iD in; and I am sent oate from beaoen for thee. For 
Bn[ queth the prBsst; good Hsynt Peter, Torahip maye thou 
ba! I mm glad to heare that newee. Because tbon bast 
iau good dsedes, layd the xsyller, and eemed God, bee hnth 
Mt for thee afbre dontea da; came, that thoashait not knowe 
tie tronhlos of y worlde. 0, blessed ha Godi eaj-de the 
pwil; I am very well contented for to goe: yet if it woalde 
plaue God to let me go home and distrybute such things u 
Ikue to the poora, I woulde bee verye gla4. No «ayde the 
idler; if tfaoa dooeet delite more in thy goodes then in the 
raw of heauen, thou art not for God ; tberefore prepare Ihy- 
Mlfa, ud goe into this b^tge which I have brought for thee. 
lb» miUer hanyog a great qnaiter saeke, the poora priest 
Wile into it, thynkyng veiylyo bee had gOQ to heanen, yet 
*■• lery Hiiy to parte from hyi goodee; naked saynt Peter 
bn long it wold be ere he came there. The miller aayd he 
■hold b« Ihere quickly i and In he got the pneat, and tied vp 
tt< Meke, and pat out the lightes, & layed euery thynge ia 
ttft place, and tooke the preeat on hie backe, & locked the 
■lovk doru, & to go: and when be came to go ouer the 
ttasch ttile, the preast was Terye heauye, and the miller 
MHg hym oner the atlle that the priest cryed ob. good 
Mfet Peter, nyde the preeete, whyther goe I nawe ? O, sayde 
temper, these bee the pangea that ye moat abyde before 
jn eoiDe to heauen. 0, quoth the preast, I would 1 were 
■hit ooca! Vp he got the prieat agayn, & caried hym tyll 
kecama to the toppe of an bye hyll, a litle from bvs house, 
Ud caite hym downa the hyll, that hya head had many 
ibnrda rappea, tiiat hys Qecke was almoat burst. O good 
i^iit Peler, said the prieat, where am I nowe ? You are 
•taMatDowe at beaoen; & caried hyra with much a doo, tyll 
M eune to hya owoe house, and then the miller thiewe him 
■Mr the thresholde. O good saypte Peter, sayde the preeete, 
irtMn am Inowe? thya is the soreste pange that euer I bydde. 
0, Myd dia 1 myUer, gena God thankee that thou haste had 




hjs HTOrda cutte it of. Then thay for gkdnesae presented il 
. nlD Lheyrniaiter, leauynge tfasstabledaoreopen: thea John 
It Id, and stole attay tbe gelding. tlosCec Skeltan, 
kMfHS-vppan the head, eawe it was the theuea head thai 
"^hangyng vpoD Ihe galowHa, Bayd.Alaa, how ofte bath 
■knaue decelued vb! Go quickly [o the stable agayDe, 
b mj goldyug lb gene. Hys men, goyiig bacliQ 
en so. Then they came Bgayn, and lold 
r hy> horse vtuB gone. Ah, I thuught so, you 
" lid Skelton; bat if I had sent wise man 
; ben so. Then Skelton sent (or tbe miller, 
dhym if hee coulde tell nhere hys horse waa. Safe 
sayde the miller : for hee tolde Skelton nil 
sr how hee had doue. Wall, sayd Skellou, couayd- 
Djugbyt tale, sayd, that be waa worthie to bee huuged. For 
DO dacKt excel! all the theoues that euer I Itnow or hcanl 
I bnt for ray promise sake I forgeue thee, vpon condition 
Hea witle beoome an iionest man, & leane oil thy cralte & 
Im dealyug. And thus John mJlter skaped Tnpnoiahed. 

, [Tale I 

On a tyina Skollon did meate with oertain frondes of hy« 
It Cbaiyng oroaae, afYar lliflt hee w»« in prison at my lord 
Htdynuls eommaundement: & his freode sayd, I am gind 
pla bee abrode amonRe yonr frendas, for you houe ben long 
IMl In. Skelton tayd, By the mtuse, 1 am glad I am out 
le, for I haue ben pent in, like a rucha or fissh, at Weet- 
« ID prison. Tbe cardinal, hearing of Ihoso words. 
Ml for him agayne. Skelton kneling of bys kneea before 
tniAer longcummunioation to Sketlou had, Skelton de- 
Qta eardlnnll to graunta hyml a boon. Thou ehalt 
none, layd the oardynsll. Thaaaiatance desirid that ha 
aigbt kaoe it grsanted, for they thought it aiiould be Bome 
e paaUme that he wyll ahewa your grace. Say on. 


yne maye men be deceyued, and be hurte by drynkinge 
che euell wyne ; for all wines must be strong, and fayre, 
well coloured; it must haue a redolent sauoure; it must 
M%f and sprinkclynge in the peece or in the glasse. 

huB endem the raerie Tales of Mbmiw SJcelton, very pteaaumt 
for the recreacioii of minde. 



Prom Uie imperflBot copy of A C Menf TaJ^ tmall ftl 
printod by John Bastell. (See Singer's rqurinti p. tf.) 

** Of in«>-»ier Skeltoa that broughie the byssbop of Norwidie 3 

fcaauutva. xL 

It ix>rt\in«d ther wms a great varrance bitwen the bysshop rf 
Norwych (uid one raayster Skelton a poyet lamyat; in M 
muoh that tl>e bysshop commanndyd hym that he ahnld Ml 
c«^me in ki» g^tys. Thys mayster Skeltoo dyd absent Irji^ 
»«lf<» fvMT A lor.^ seiaon. Bat at the laste he dioiight to do IqV' 
d<^>K ty to hyr.)« And ^mdyed veys how he myght f^taynete' 
b\ti*hv^i''\"* tfr»;:v^^i^, and de*«nnvnvd hemseif that he wflH 
CxMn^" to hy:^ "nyth soiin« p:«sent, and humble hymself to At 
b\^v^{^; Ar..; pi: a vvp> of i)e!sans», and cam to the byohp 
uj^jn^ }>i«o<\» Ar.,i T>?<^**:yT>Ni the i^orter be mygfate come hi tl 
*|^k^ wy th n;y jv>rx;. ThH jvr:er, knovyng his kfdys plfli^ 
*nT^ >n^^ld *.nv ^ut^r h:n; to cvxse is ax the gatys; wherfv 
t>v>-it r."A>'5't*!r Sko'-r.-c, ^^«r.: or. tie baksyde to seke sons 
o;h^v n j^v to Ot-«i>^ -r. :c :h^ r'iiic<r>. But the place vasmotyi 
J>*At h<' nVx^ :o^ js<^ TK- ^-Av tc cccrj* over, except in one plMM 
V Nfr^p tN*"* ij^v A i^r^ me* <-«er lie aKAie in maner oCl 
>»*>v,^?\ t>st «*$ fifc.ot o-'^«t: "wytL inrod; vfaerfore tkQfi 
»^x >?■<». >vo:o- «-^:.i i.uTiT^ TTvir. :ii* sree ;o come oner, m 
%h*r. h^- "*jii^ *.':T»*>^: cv,:^-. .v-s- /or* Svyrc-yd for lak of av 
^^j^nft, lijs; f>» .r,v ;Jw ?;>ccc at %: myjiyll; but at tlM 111 


he recoueryd hymself, and, as well as he coud, dryed hym- 
self ageyne, and sodeuly cam to the byshop, beyng in hys 
hall, than lately rysen from dyner: whyche, whan he saw 
Skelton commyng sodenly, sayd to hym, Why, thow caytyfe, 
I warayd the thow shuldys neuer come in at my gatys, and 
chtrgyd my porter to kepe the out. Forsoth, my lorde, quod 
Skelton, though ye gaue suche charge, and though your 
gatys by neuer so suerly kept, yet yt ys no more possible to 
kepe me out of your dorys than to kepe out crowes or pyes ; 
for I cam not in at your gatys, but I cam ouer the mote, that 
I haue ben almost drownyd for my labour. And shewyd hys 
dothys how euyll he was arayed, whych causyd many that 
stodetherby to laughe apace. Than quod Skelton, Yf itlyke 
your lordeshyp, I haue brought you a dyshe to your super, a 
cople of fesantes. Nay, quod the byshop, I defy the and thy 
fesaantys also, and, wrech as thou art, pyke the out of my 
bowse, for 1 wyll none of thy gyft how [something lost here] 
Skelton than, consyderynge that the bysshoppe called hym 
fole so ofte, sayd to one of hys famylyers thereby, that 
thoQgfae it were euyll to be christened a fole, yet it wasmoche 
worse to be confyrmyd a fole of suche a bysshoppe, for the 
name of confyrmacyon muste nedes abyde. Therfore he 
ymagened ho we he myghte auoyde that confyrmacyon, and 
mused a whyle, and at the laste, sayde to the byoshope thus. 
If your lordeshype knewe the names of these fesantes, ye 
wold [be] contente to take them. Why, caytefe, quod the 
bisshoppe hastly and augrey, [what] be theyr names ? Ywys, 
my lorde, quod Skelton, this fesante is called Alpha, which 
iSi in primys the f>Tst, and this is called 0, that is, novissi- 
mus the last; and for the more playne vnderstandynge of my 
mynde, if it plese your lordeshype to take them, I promyse 
you, this Alpha is the fyrste that euer I gaue you, and this 
» the laste that euer I wyll gjrue yon whyle I lyue. At 
which answere all that were by made great laughter, and 
^y all de[8ired the bisphoppe] to be good lorde vnto him 
fit his merye conceytes : at which [earnest entrety, as it] 
Wttte, the bysshope was contente to take hym vnto his fi^uer 
By thys tale ye may se that mery conceytes dothe [a man 


Bolfe wiih i(ngar] siid njtai 

Vtoai Tola, and quidit OMiMra, ttrg nwrii, mil ^Iciuaiil M 
Ttdt. Ito. n.d., printed by TboiDS* fiertluJel. (See Sing 
ar*! reprint, p. 9.) 

" Of It 



A rouRE begger, tint was foule, blacks, nnd lothlye 
llolde, CHin TpoD a tyme veto mkytter Skeltoa the pooM, and 
taked him his nlmeB. To wliom mayBler Skelfoo isy*,! 
praye the getle Iha nwsyo fre me, for thon lokeaw as 

Cameat out of lielle. The ponre man, perceynlng W 
Tolde syBS him no Ihynge, an«werd, For soth, syr, ye 
Irouth; 1 came onlc of hells. Why dyddest tliou nM 
it^ there? quod mayster Skelton. Mary, lyr, qood tliabefi 
1^, then Ii DO Toame for luofi ponre beggera as 1 am 
kepta for anchft geiityl mea tu ye be." 

PreGxei] to PWiy pUntaunl and profilaOt uwitct qf ..._ 
Btellon, Pueti iMareatt. Nouk colkctrdandnewljiptiU 
Anna 15G8. IZmo. 

"If elonth aud tract of time 

(That wDors who thing away) 
Should nut imd mnker n-orthy artei, 

Good works vrouM seen decay. 
If Buche at present are 

Fergoeth the people past, 
Onr BelnlB]9 should soon in silence oleps. 

And Io«3 renom at la^t, 
No loyll nor land so mde 

But torn odd men can gboe: 


Than shoald the learned pas unknowne, 

Whoes pen & skill did floe ? 
Goa sheeld our slouth ^ wear sutch. 

Or world so simple nowe, 
That knowledge soaept without reward 

Who sercheth vertue throwe, 
And paints forth vyce aright, 

And blames abues of men, ^W ^^ 

And shoes what lief desarues rebuke. 

And who the prayes of peru< ' 
You see howe forrayn realms 

Aduance their poets all ; 
And ours are drow^ned in the dust, 

Or flong against the wall. 
In Fraunoe did Marrot raigne; 

And neighbour thear vnto 
Was Petrark, marching full with Dantte, 

Who erst did wonders do; 
Among the noble Grekes 

Was Homere full of skill ; 
And where that Ouid norisht was 

The soyll did florish still 
With letters hie of style; 

But VirgiU wan the fraes,^ 
And past them all for deep engyen, 

And made them all to gaes 
Upon the bookes he made: 

Thus eche of them, you see, 
Wan prayse and fame, and honor had, 

Eche one in their degree. 
I pray you, then, my friendes, 

Disdaine not for to vewe 
The workes and sugred verses fine 

Of our raer poetes newe ; 

**«(ft] 01ded."sloulth." 

Vniej] i. e. phrase. — In the Mitsei LSn'ory, 1737, p. 188. 
^ word is altered to " bayes." 



Whoes barboms lanj^age med 

Perhaps ye may mislike ; 
But blame them not that raedly playes 

If they the ball do strike, 
Nor skome not mother tunge, 

babes of Englislie breed I 
I haue of other language seen, 

And you at full may reed 
Fine verses trimly wrought, 

And coutcht in comly sort; 
But neuer I nor you, I troe. 

In sentence plaine and short 
Did yet beholde with eye, 

In any forraine tonge, 
A higher verse, astaetly[er] style, 

That may be read or song. 
Than is this daye indeede 

Our Englishe verse and ryme, 
The grace wherof doth touch y« goda, 

And reatch the cloudes somtime. 
Thorow earth and waters deepe 

The pen by skill doth passe. 
And featly nyps the worldes abuse, 

And shoes vs in a glasse 
The vertu and the vice 

Of euery wyght alyue: 
The honv combe that bee doth make 

Is not so sweete in hyue 
As are tlie golden leues 

That drops from poets head. 
Which doth surmount our conmion talke 

As ftirre as dros doth lead : 
The flowre is sifted cleane. 

The bran is cast aside, 
And so good come is knowen from chaffe; 

And each fine graino is spide. 
Peers Plowman was full plaine, 
And Chausers spreet was great; 



• • 


Enrle Surry had a goodly vayne; 
Lord Vaos the marke did beat, 
And Phaer did hit the pricke 
In thinges he did translate, 
And Edwards had a special gift; 

And diners men of late 
Hath helpt our Englishe toung, 

That first was baes and brute : — 
Che, shall I leaue out Skeltons name, 

The blossome of my frute, 
The tree wheron indeed 

My branchis all might groe ? 
Nay, Skelton wore the lawrell wreath. 

And past in schoels, ye knoe ; 
A poet for his arte, 

Whoes iudgment suer was hie. 
And had great practies of the pen, 

His works they will not lie; 
His terms to taunts did lean, 
His taike was as he wraet. 
Full quick of witte, right sharp of wordi| 

And skilfuU of the staet; 
Of reason riep and good, / 

And to the haetfull mynd. 
That did disdain his doings still, 

A skomar of his kynd ; 
Most pleasant euery way. 

As poets ought to be, 
And seldom out of princis grace, L- - 

And great with eche degre. 
Thus haue you heard at full 
What Skelton was indeed; 
A further knowledge shall you haue, 

If you his bookes do reed. 
1 haue of meer good will 

Theas verses written heer, 

To honour vertue as I ought, 

And make his fame apeer, 

^OL. I. 


That whan the garland gay 

Of lawrel leaues but laet: 
Small is my pain, great is his prayesi 

That thus sutch honour gaet 

Fmis quod ChurckyarA 

}ftwx Ma$mu Parikvnti ZAt£cra due ^pignuumaia Ji 

tfio. 1578, 4to. 

" De Skeltono vate & aaeerdole. 

SKKLTOinis grauidam reddd>at forte puellam, 

Insigni forma qus peperit puenim. 
lUico moltorum fama haec perrenit ad aores, 

Esse patrem nato sacrificum pueitk 
Skeltonum facti non pcenitet aut pndet; jsdes 

Ad sacras festo sed venit ipse die: 
Pulpita conscendit facturus verba popello; 

Inque hsec prorapit dicta vir iUe bonus; 
Quid Tos, scnrrse, capit admiratio tanta? 

Non sunt eunuchi, credite, sacrifici: 
O stolidi, vimlum nnm me genuisse putatis? 

Non genui vitnlam, sed lepidum pnemm; 
Sique meis verbis n<xi creditis, en puer, inquit; 

Atque e suggesto protulit, ac abiit." 

f ran A TVdUiti! Againii Jc^ciai At^vlagie. Deditaiol tti iAi 
fiijftfffiMWoWti Sir riumat EfferUm Kniyhl, lord Xtiper 
'f At Onai SeaU, laid one b/ her Maalia nuwt konorablc 
ffmi CbmceS. W^-Utea by John Chambir, me of Ihe t're- 
Uirui of her Maiaiia fret CkajiptU of Winihor, a:id 
fiSaimfEa^on CbOtgt. lilul. ilo, 

'Sm iimoli Tnliko to merria Skollon, who thrust his wife out 
II tin doore, and receiued bar in aftnloe kX Ihe windoiv. The 
■tint ji iiell known bow the binbop had charged him to 
liniK faia wira out of (bedoore: but that which wks but a 
muioeiit hi SkeltoD," &o. p. BS. 

" So iuA tiie leape 7<Hre, Tor any thing I tee, miglil ne!J 
nt [be derenee of merie Skeltoa, wlio being a priest, ojid 
Imiiiig a child by hi« wife, euerio one cijod out, Uh, Skeltun 
)iUliichiId,eeanhim, &c Tbeirmoathes at timt time be 
tnjii not stop: baton a holy day, in a mary mood, ha brought 
i< cliild U cbaroh witli lilm, and in the pulpit Btript it nuked, 
■nd iMld it out, saying, See this child: is it not a pretie cliild, 
" Mlier Ehiiilren be, puensaany of youraV hath it not legs, 
vuiSi, licad, feet, limbes, proportioned ouory way as it ehuid 
bt? ir 8keltou had begot a monster, as a ealfe, orsachlike, 
•hull life ihonld poora Skallon hane had than? So we say 
iMOieluipe yearc, i( it had chaugad the oatare of thlnge, 
u it ii charf^, how should it haue done then to defende 
Ilrifc7"p. na. 


From The Life of Long Meg of Westminster : comlammg ^ 
mad merry prankts she played in her life time, not oiuljii^ 
performing sundry quarrels with diuers ruffians about LimiM: 
But also how valiantly Ae hthaued her selfe in the warns of 
BolliHngne, 1635. 4to. ( Of this tract there is said to bare 
been a niucli earlier edition. I quote from the reprint in 
JJiiCtUanea Aniiqua Auglicana, 1S16.) 

"Chap. II. 

Coiiiaiiiiiig how h« [the carrier] placvd her in AVeatmiiuter, lad 
M'hai shee did at her placing. 

After the carrier had set vp his horse, and dispatcht bia 
:adiiig, hee ivmembred his oath, and therefore bethought bio 
how he might place these three maides: with that hee called 
to miiide tiiat the mistresse at the Eagle in Westminster bad 
spoken diners times to h:m for a seruant ; he with his ca^ 
riap? passed oner the delds to her house, where he found btf 
sitting and drinking wi:h a Spanish knight called sir Jaina 
of Castile, doctor Skelton, and Will Sotnmers; told her bow 
hee had brv.^ugh: vp to Li'nd.^n three Lancashire lasses, and 
seeing she ot'^ desirous to haue a maid, now she should 
take !:er choyoe which of ±em she would haue. Mvit, 
quoth s::co, v^olr.g a very merr^* and a pleasant woman,) ear- 
ner, tV.ou ccn;:r.cs: ir. good rlxe: for no: onelr I wantamaid, 
but heere bee three gen:Ien:en :i:a: shall giue me their opi- 
nions, wh'.ch of tl'.om I shall haue. Wlrh that the maids 
wew bidde:*. cv'r.:e :::. ar.d sr.e ::: treated them to giue th«r 
T«i>iicC. Streigh: as socne as the v saw Long Meg, they begpa 
lo smile: and doctor Skeltoc in his =i;;i merry Teire,b!eMtDg 
kiBMelA), be^ran thus: 

AwiM«. Aykw, rue kv f 
What i* she in the gr^y cass.vk? 
Me th'.nkes si"-,* "# ."f a !.*.rg^ "ength. 
Of a ^fcll ritcr.. and a r-.v'o sn:«n;ih- 
With »Tv.'ni artnfs a-.i *: 5e S:-oes; 
Tlu* i* a w>e-v*i: :Vc :i< 


Her lookes are bonny and blithe, 

She seemes neither lither nor lithe, 

But young of age, 

And of a merry visage. 

Neither beastly nor bowsie, 

Sleepy nor drowsie, 

But faire faoM and of a good size; 

Therefore, hostesse, if you be wise, 

Once be ruled by me, 

Take this wench to thee; 

For this is plaine, 

Shee*l doe more worke than these twaine : 

I tell thee, hostesse, I doe not mocke ; 

Take her in the gray cassocke. 

it is your opinion? quoth the hostesse to sir James of 
ile. Question with her, quoth he, what she can do, and 
He giue you mine opinion: and yet first, hostesse, aske 
Sommers opinion. Will smiled, and swore that his 
tsse should not haue her, but king Harry should buy her. 
80, Will? quoth doctor Skelton. Because, quoth Will 
mere, that she shall be kept for breed ; for if the king 
d marry her to long Sanders of the court, they would 
; forth none but souldiers. Well, the hostesse demanded 
her name was. Margaret, forsooth, quoth she. And 
worke can you doe? Faith, little, mistresse, quoth she, 
landy labour, as to wash and wring, to make cleane a 
J, to brew, bake, or any such drudgery: for my needle, 
it I haue beene little vsed to. Thou art, quoth the host- 
a good lusty wench, and therefore I like thee the better: 
le here a great charge, for I keepe a yictualling house, 
liners times there come in swaggering fellowe?, that, 
1 they haue eat and dranko, will not pay what they call 
yet if thou take the charge of my drinke, I must be an- 
ed out of your wages. Content, mistresse, quoth she; 
^hile I serue you, if any stale cutter comes in, and 
tes to pay the shot with swearing, hey, gogs wounds, let 
Joue ! Ue not onely (if his clothes be worth it) make him 
ere hee passe, but lend him as many bats as his crag will 


cany, aod Iheo throw him out of donres. At thii Ih*/ 
Hniled. N&>', mlstrewe, quoth the oarrlar, 'ds true, (be mr 
poors piJch hers is able with a palra of blew ihoulden to 
Bweore m mnch; and wiih'that he told tbem hnw she bid 
vaud him at her coiDmliiKto Loadoa. I cannot Ihfnke, qunlli 
Kir JamDS of Caatile, that she ia bo strong. Try her, qnolb 
filteltOQ, fbr 1 haae heard That Spaniards are of wondtritiil 
■trength. Str Jtines in a branei'}' would needs mnke eipe- 
rieuao, and therefore askt the matda if sbs duisC change i 
box on the cbid tvilh him. I, sir, quoth ihe, that 1 daie, if 
my miatreeee will giue me lenne. Yes, Ucg, quoth she; doa 
thy beet. And 'with thU it «u a question who should itud 
first: Many, that I will, sir, quoth ?he; and so stood to Mit 
sir James his blowj who, forcing hiniseife with all hisnii^I, 
gRue her taoh a bos Uiat she could scaicaly stand, yel diM 
stirred no more than a pwt. Then sir James he £tood,iud 
the hostesse frilled her not spare her strength. No. qontli 
Skellon i and if she fell liim dowse, He giae her a pah^ of 
new hose »nd shoona. Mistresse, quoth Meg (and with fist 
she stroke <rp her sleeoe,) bore is a fania fist, and it hath pot 
mncL drudgery, but, trust me, I thinke it will giue a gind 
blow: and with that ehe raoght at him so strongilT, Ihu 
downe Ml sir James Bt her feet. By roy ftitb, qnoth Will 
Sommars, she strikes n blow like an oxe, fbr she hath slnwka 
down an asse. At this they all laught. Sir James WM 
ashamed, and Meg was enlerlained into seraice." 

it CiiHile, m Spanish kiiJehi, and whnt w 

There was a gi 

luen WHS a great suter to Meg's mistresse, called sir James 
oT Castile, to wlnne hec lose: but her oQbctiaei was set An 
doctor Skellon; so that sir James could get do gnuit of Mrr 
fanonr. Whereupon he swore, if hee knew who were bm 
pamnoDr, bee would nmne him tborow with his rapier. Th« 
mistresse (who bad a greitt delight to bee pleasant) made > 
match benrsene ber and Long Ueg, that she should goe di«Bl 


fai gentlemans apparell, and with her sword and buckler goe 
ind meet sir James in Saint Georges fieldfs] ; if she beat 
hhn, she should for her labour haue a new petticote. Let 
me alone, quoth Meg; the deuill ts^e me if I lose a petticote. 
And with that her raistris delmered her a suit of white sattin, 
tiiat was one of the guards that lay at her house. Meg put 
it ODf and tooke her whinyard by her side, and away she 
wnt into Saint Georges fields to meet sir James. Presently 
ifter came sir James, and found his mistris very melancholy, 
« women haue faces that are fit for all fancies. What aile 
yon, sweetheart? quoth he; tell me; hath any man wronged 
yon? if he hath, be he the proudest champion in London, lie 
bine him by the eares, and teach him to know, sir James of 
Cutile can chastise whom he list. Now, quoth she, shall I 
bow if you loue me: a squaring long knaue, in a white sat> 
tfai doublet, bath this day monstrously misused me in words. 
Ml I hane no body to reuenge it; and in a brauery went out 
if doores, and bad the proudest champion I had come into 
ftdot Georges fields and quit my wrong, if they durst: now 
ilr James, if euer you loued mee, leame the knaue to know 
Imr he haUi wronged me, and I will grant whatsoeuer you 
nqoeet at my hands. Marry, that I will, quoth he ; and for 
ttit yon may see how I will vse the knaue, goe with me, you 
iMl master doctor Skelton, and be eye-witnesses of my man- 
hood. To this they agreed; and all three went into Saint 
Gioiges fields, where Long Meg was walking by the wind- 
■dk Yonder, quoth she, walkes the villain that abused me. 
FoUoir me, hostesse, quoth sir James ; Ue goe to him. As 
MQDe as hee drew nigh, Meg began to settle herselfe, and so 
dM^dr James: but Meg past on as though she would haue 
|Mi by. Nay, sirrah, stay, quoth sir James; you and I part 
lot io^ ire must haue a bout ere we passe; for I am this gen 
tiwwwiiiiw champion, and flatly for her sake will haue you 
If tte aarea. Heg replied not a word ; but only out with her 
s and to it they went. At the first bout Meg hit him 
I band, and hurt him a little, but endangered him diuera 
mod made hhn giue ground, following so hotly, that 
•tmoke air James' weapon out of his hand ; then when 
him diaarm'd, shee atept within him, and, drawing 


her ponynrd, tn-ore all the world sbaold not 
ianeniee, airl quoth bee; lama knight, and 'tis but^i 
maMBt mntter; spill not mj blood. Wart thon Cwenlr 
kni^te, qnotb M«g, and ware Ibe king binuaUb heart, he* 
Hboold not saofl thy life, toIqbhb tbou grant mee ana Ihinf 
WbBtaoeuei it bee. quoth sir James. Msm-, qnotb shH, Bill 
Is, that thie night thou wait on my trencher ai snpper xt Uiii 
womans house; and whan supper ii dono, (hen tonfease mt 
to be Iby better at weapon in any gmnnd in EngUnd. I will 
do it, sir, quoth he, na I am & true linlgbl. With this tht? 
departed, and sir James went hnnte with bis boatesse aonnir- 
Tuli and ashamed, Bwearing that his advenarj was the atoBt- 
est man in England. Well, aupperwu proutded, and or 
ThomBB Uoore and diners other gentlenwa bidden thithsrlij 
SIceltons means, to nuke Tp the jest; which when eirJailiN 
saw inuited, liee put a good fhce on the matlep, and Owogbl 
to make a slight matter of il, and therefore beforehand toU 
air Thomna Moore what had befallen him, lion entring in ■ 
quarrell of his hostesae, hee fonght with a despemte geiSt' 
mnn of the court, who hRd fcnled bim, and giuea bha in 
ohsTge (o wait oa bis treacher that Dight. Sir Thomaa Sfnon 
answeredsir James, that it waa no dishonour to be foiled bf 
a geulleiOHn [of England?], aitb Cajsar bimaelfe was boalw 
baeka by their valour. As thus (bey were discuiiting rf lit 
Taloar of Englishmen, In eatfle Ueg maroliing In her man 
attire; enen as ahee entered in at the doors, This, sirThomsi 
Moore, qnoCh air James, ia that Enf^iah gentiemnn wh<H 
prowesae I I'D highly commend, and to whom In rII TaUnir I 
Bcconnt myselfe so iDferlDur. And, sir, qaoth shee, pulUli| 
offherhBt, nodherbRire falUng nbent her eares, hee IbiliM 
hurt him to day ia none other bnt Long Meg of WestminatK; 
andeoyoaare all welcome. Attbisall tbecoiDpBny fblliaft 
great laogbin);, and sir James was Bmazed that a wonnui 
shonld BO wap him in a whinyard: wall, hee as the rest was 
fiune to langh at the matter, and all that aupper tiwa ta 
wait on her trencher, who bad leaue of her mistria tikii 
ahee might be master of the feast; where with a gfioi 
langbter they made good cheera, air James playing llie proper 
page, nud Ueg sittitig in lier mniesty. Tlius uos sir Janm 



Smgm Old Skdioa, ISM, a play by Rlohnrd HnthwHye end 
Iffflkni Ranklna, ie mentionBd in Honslowfl'a MSS.: see Ma 
ImA Siake^)tarfS (by Bostrell,) Hi. 824. 

Meei of Skeiloii mny nlao ba fonnil in:— 

iDiabi^iellujtlaaiaimtaBd jntli/aBjidieTein u a godSt 
tifiMut agaitut Ibe Faatr Pntilencc, vilk a cotaola&n and 
n^ftrW agniHiit ofcnrt. Neinlit tarreded it/ H 

I, Bvo. Oft 

UiltU0 notic^a of Bevfiml poets, introduced by ^ny of In- 
ItriMa or diversion in Ibe midst of a Beriouf diulopuo; and 
(Up- IT) Skeltan is described as eitting " ill tbe comer of a 
PlUsr, vith a frostia bittau face, frownyng," and " writyng 
■017 niharpe Diatioons" ugninst Wultoy — 
"How tbe Cardioal] cama of nouglit, 
And bia Prelaole solde und bouglil," &c. 
(llTWMichieflymndenpfVomSkeltoira works).— Tie Ke- 
tail (^ HTcjfca/nu9(, rfMcwminff CAe tusdr^t nuniU-Dua abatet 
fftieliiiioidimj/odlj/ tFerJdingi, &e. yeaiy iompiled ht/ Rkk- 
wiSMntOH, lei-uaaui inliOaislioUleloIht rishl honorabU Earlt 
^AraeAurn, ha. 410, n.d. [The Address to tbe Reader 
dud IST4,) Rt flijt. Q i.—A DitcouTK o/Enyliih Potlrii, &o., 
Bi frU&m iVrbit, aradmle, 1S8D, ila, at eig. ill.— He 
JAtf JJigUih Pueue, &c. (Attributed to one Puttenhem: 
tU tee D'laraeli'e Abkh. of Lit. 11. 378, aqq.], 1688, 4Co, nl 
ff.i»,SI>,eil.—F(wreLrrteri,aiidceriid'ieSonaelt: S^tHiatlg 
imUng Siittrt Grimi, &c. (byGabdell Harvey,) IBSS, ItO, 
«t p, 7,—Pitrca Suprreragaliim or a tfea PmjjK of We Old 
iat, io. [Iiv] Gabi-icU Unrnty, 15B3, 4to, at ]). IS.—PnllaiJU 
Tumil. ttilt n-aUFiT, Bting Utt ScconJ pa,-l 1/ ITito 0"« 


I. J^ Awn Jfcro, lea., ISflS. lamo, M p. Kl^ 
^^ rk Arte last Bookei. O/bt/ttBg Saljrft^ 
Jj IBM, ISmo, at p. SS—Thc DoinnfuH ^ JioM 
^rtiqa■^ 4/t<ru;unf rof^ AuUfi Sood tf nerni 
k *^ dy Ai.lhony Sluiidaj-,) IfiOl, 410, In lA 
B* fc Mpposoil In ba a reheureal previoua Id Hi p« 
ariMv Elmiy Che Eighth, Skelton acB Uie pmt oJ 

m Tli*atalki}fB«btH.BafkofHailiBslim,t»i 

j^JUkaV UandDjr Biid Heni; Cheltle,) IBai, Ua, irtiU 
^^ a Svesd Pnil la ihs drnmn jUAt described, SkdUn, 
^1^ I* ■«»o is not mentioned ihrongliout it, is etill mp 
^^MHltbB Fmr. .UiKeOunra, written out by-'Joluia 
^^^W Iwnreen 1601 and 1605— MS. Stg. ll.AV^ 
^^M («*<'' H) and nttributes to fikelton, a welMnign 
^(^■Ir jtn fitprit. — Phdyiv, or Rtaave Red- Cap. lb i 
M|- II If M Oig^ IGOB, tto. Bs^ldes a notice of SkriM, 
^» pMB «ontnin6 twu long quotntioDs from his Sf^now An- 

_jU " r- Pra-jvili Niglit-Cap : Or AnllMJbriit 

^i' r'r (by Sniiiuel Rotvlnnds,) leiZ, ito, at Big. 1 lod 
^ Ij S. The teuoiid nutice of Skelloa in this poem i> H 

*JLr<( •uoli a. woadroua tronpe tho Hornpipe traBdi, 
0» cwinot psfBe nnotber for their heads, 
nuit shoitly we bIisJI houe (o« Skdtan I'eiB) 
A greiUer sort uf honied msn than beaeU: " 

^InMolloot tiuthiug in hU works to which the ailnilai 
0B b» »p|iileJ-— jJn H'li/i-pemiflaa-a of B7(, in a ft*^ 
M(A (^ /■■v*''. Or, r*e flwBHfM Tufa. The tlA4 It- 
pmlla^ lOl^. ^tO' -A' P- ^^ "f this poem I5 a tatt ndil 
■I b* " in Skeltoiis rima "—to wliich, howavep, it bows M 
HtMnhlnnoO,— TAe Shisplieartb Pipe (by Brotvno and WI&- 
ip^ 1014, 12mo, in Eglogue i., at sig. C r,—BspeTmSeil 
' m A iW* '/-'w'tfWKW /oc im'finj, or readmg oar ffuM]ft, 
jl^ ^ iil'iumd BoUoa, Author 0/ Ktro Cosar (poblltbel 
i|p Of. Aiilhuiiy Hall together witi Xicolai Triveii JusaM 
'TwHmniliV, Jic-1. 1T^> Bvo, at p. Z3S. At whut period Bot 
m wrat* tliin irontlse is unceitain: he probably oompMii 
itRbaut 1118 i flce Hnslowood'a PrefLice to Jnc. CriL EMf- 


, xvi. — Poenu! By Michatl Dratfloa Eigvirt, D.d. fblio, 
Ii3.— The Gulden Fktct Dimded into three ParU, &c., 
piewJunior [Sir William Vaughan], 1628, 4to, at pp. 
, 93, of the Third ParL In this piece " Scogin and 
■ " fij(uro as "the chiefe Aduncates for the Dogrel 
1 by the procurcmaat of Zoilns, Mmnus, and others of 
'opitb SecV—Th* Fortunate ItUa, and Iheir (%>on. 
■ated in a Matqat lUagnedfor Iht Omrl, on Iht Twdjih- 
1(126, by Ben Jonsoa. In this masque are introduced 
pn and SkeUon, in like habits as they livedi " see Jon- 
IVbrfa, nil. ed. Gifford: Bee also his TaU of a T\il> 
•nA 1633), Woria, vi. SBl.— Wil and /"asrj In a Maet. 
i InctmparabU Champion of Love and Beautie, A Mode- 
ice, &c, WHtien origmaUy in l}te Brtiiih Tohi/w, and 
^gUJi by a perKm of vmch Bmiir. Si fin-el in Cemt 
C OemocTiiui.i 1666, 12mo. In this romance (p. iOl) 
1 told that " [In Eirsium] the Brittish Bards (forsooth) 
■Iso iDgaged in quarrel for Superiodty ; and who think 
brew the Apple of Discord amongst them, but Ben 
D, Trbo bad openly vaunted himself the first and best 

gllsh Poet^ Skelion, Gowsr, and the Monk uf 

were at Daggers-drawing for Chawoer:" and a mar- 
note on " Skelton " informs ua that he was " Henry 1, 
el Lawreat, who wrote disguises for the yomif- Princm " I 

Deb is the title-page of the cop; now before m 
topies (aee Reitiluta, iv. IS6) are entitled Don Zi 
Ac 1SS4 ; and otben Bomctncie-Maitix, or a A 

«vu, &c Bij Samutl Buiiind. Gent. 1690. 


IBS, "Koolege, acquaynlancB, resort^ fauonr witU 

in verses, "Cunota licet ceoidisso putaa," &a., 
jglish tnuislation, " Thougli ye eupposB," &c. 
ies, " Go, pytyous hart, rasjd with dedly wo," &c. 

LauTeale ai)ayate a comely Coystnane that caryoaig 

ind curryskly coientrfd, ATid madly in hyt Musykkyt 

made, Ai/nynalt Ike .ur. Sfaayt of polt/tykt Poemi 4 


«, Oim priiiUegio. 

,, and without printer's name, but Bvideutly from 

)f Pynson. (Consisting of 4 lenvee.) 

title-page is a wcxxlcut, the aajne as in the Last meD* 

;t, but with a dilTeretit border. 

ses mentioned in the title-page. 

1 alia Caiitilia & Orgnnisantu Asinum, qui impng- 

llonida pierinm Snrcaemos." 

n Laureat oppon a deedmans bed yi was sent to 

an honorable JeCyllwomnn for a tolien Denysyd 

' ined}-tHcyon hi Englysli Couenable in sentence 

e, LRmetuble, Locrymable, Froly table for the 

tea, " Womanbod, waolon, ye want," &o. 

lalistitnOj Amplitdmo, longiquR reueren£gtimo m 
ibi: Ae domino, Anaino Thoma fc. Titnli tnncla 
yvaanda Somana ecel£$ia prf^ytcro CardinaUmer 
ApottoUca ledit legato. A laUreqm UgaUi taperil- 
Btdttmit lauTeatat Ora, reg. HumUllmum, diiil 


in tho other,— iia^THK at lop the worjs " Skalton 
It boUam the following vecies,; 
Sinieviantura<KediBn ndera/ulsett 
Ejnara Atnq; txanefii Aec ItmrBa mxtru virtbit. 
Sine imlnitit ctlebr^ ti fiorne referelur ad aatra 
Vt-Sg; Sk^loaa memoraiiibtr aticra diiiiu [aUer AilmU]. 
Qo Uia reverae of A ii. ore small woodouls of " Tha qusne of 
Fmn" and " Dame Pnllai." After tha coloplion h the de- 
vicQof the printer, " Richard rakes." 

Hngnjifyctiice, A gBodty inlerlwU n«J a nieri/ dmped m 
nU )j majjiltr Sl-etoti poti harenU lain dKeiia</-L 
Coloplion, (Xm priuikgio. 

Hlo, n.d., Hud without printer's nameJ 
IMiodidon was in nil probabililj from BaBtcU's press. 

Onajia-folourelh Ihe bolie «f Pldllyp Sim-oife rompyUd i, 
■q*r Si,Sl(nt Puele Laureate. 



Umo, n.d. On tEverso of the last leaf is a -vfoodciut repre- 
WliBg Phyllyp Sparowe'a tomb. 

io edition by Kele, 4to, n.d., is mentioned in Tiffyigr. Aniiq. 
<>■>(», ed.Dibdm: bntq;.? 

Bm^UrfobmieOiaMs booke of Phillyp Sparaa, comjaltd 
h J^fMr Stela Poetc Lam-eaie. 


Jnpyilfii al Lmdofi tnptadei douche yerdt bif RiJivrt Toy. 
UmOin.d. On rerense of the last leaf is the enme wood- 
Muin thi id. htst dssciibod. 



Here after fuloioetk a Me boke of FtdOip iparom. Cbnyfi^ 
iy mayster Skelton Poete Laureate, 


Imprinted cU London inpouleM churchyard, at the sygm cf vi 
Sonne, by Antony Kiison, 

Colophon in some copies, 

Imprinted at London inpoules churchyard at the tygne of§k 
Lamb, by Abraham Weale [sic]. 

Colophon in some other copies, 

Imprinted at London in Foster-lane by Ihon WaBey, 

12mo, n.d. 

An edition Imprinted at London in paules churche yerdt 4 
John Wyghty with a woodcut of " Phyllyp Sparowes tomb* 
on the last page, is mentioned m Typogr, Aniiq, iv. 879. tdi 

Here after foloweih cericUne bohes cOpyled by maytter 
Poet Laureat, whose names here after shaU appere, 

Speake Parot, 

The death of the noble Prynce Kynge Edwarde the fourth. 

A treaty se of the Scottes. 

Ware the Hawke. 

The Tunnynge of Elynoure Rummyng, 

Thus endeih these lytle workes compyled by maiUer Shdion 
Poet Laweat. 

Imprynted at London, in Crede Lane, by John Kyn^e ow 
Thomas Marche. 

12mo, n.d. 

Heare after foloweih certain bohes Compiled by Master Sfcei 
ton, Poet Laureate whose names here after doth appere, 

(Enumeration of pieces as above.) 

Imprynted at London by Ihon Day, 


limendeikAueliUeworiteompikdhg matter SteUom,Po€t 


L2mo, D^ 

Hisre aftm'/abwdk certayRe bokeg, di p f kd tg wiaytUrSketkm, 
Id Laweai, u^ote names here after Aatt ofpere, 
(Enumeration of pieces as above.) 

Pmted ai London by Bichard LaKL,for Htmry Tab, dieelKmy 
Ptult churchyard, ai ike »ygne ofJmBA, 

Tka endeihe these lyleU worke* conned by maytter Skebom 
od LmrtaL Andprynied by Rkhard Lanl, for Btnry Tab, 
oeByug tn Poules churche yard at the sygne ofJu£tk, 
12mo, n.d. On the fly-leaf of the copy which I used, but 
^aps not belonging to it, was pasted a woodcat represent- 
g the author, vrith the words ^ Skelton Poet ** (copied from 
fO!m^% ed. of Dyuers Balettys, &c., and the same as that on 
e reverse of the last leaf of Kele*s ed. of Why came ye nat 

An edition printed fir W. Bonham, 1547, 12mo, is men- 
ded by Warton, BisL of £ P. IL 336 (note,) ed. 4to. 

The Tarioos editions of these ** certaine bokes " contain, 

sides the pieces specified on the title-page, the following 

)ems — 

"All noble men, of this take hede," &c. [prefixed to the 

Is. of Why came ye nat to Qmrte.] 

" Howe euery thing must haue a tyme." 

"Prayer to the Father of Heauen." 

"To the seconde Person." 

■To the Holy Ghost" 

Bat (rfierfiioujeih a liid boke called Colyn Cloute compyled 
'■oyifflr SkdUmpoete Laureate. 

Qoi eOturgat meat adoersus malignantes, aid qvis riabit mecU 
^tnm eperaales iniqtdtatem. Nemo domine. 

TOL. I. H 




Imprinted at Lotidon by me Rycharde Kde dwel^ng m At 
powUry at the hmy shop vnJer saynt Myldredes ckyrche, , 

12mo, n.d. 

An edition by Kele, 4to, n.d., is mentioned in Typogr, A^dq, 
iv. 805. ed. Dibdin : but qy. V 

Here after fdhweih a liile booke called Colyn Clout oomfM 
by master SkeUon Poeie Laureate, 

Quis cosurgat , &c. (as above.) 

htprinted at London in Patdes Churche yarde at the Sygne ^ 
the Rose by John Wyghte. 

12mo, n.d. 

Here ajierfokweth a litle boke called Colyn Clout tompUi ^ 
mxLsitr Skelton Poete Laureate. 

Quis consurgaiy &c. (as above.) 

Imprynted at London in Paules Churche yarde at the Sgg^ 
of the Sunne by AnUiony Kytson, 

Colophon in some copies, 

Imprynted at London in Paules Churche yarde at ihe S^^ 
of the Lambe by Abraham Veale. 

12mo, n.d. 

An edition Imprynted at London by [Thomas Godfray'J 

Oim priuilegio regali^ is mentioned in Typogr. Antiq. iii. ^l* 
ed. Dibdin. 

Here after foloiceth a lytell boke, whiche hath to name, Tf^^i 
come ye nat to courte, compyled by mayster Skelton poete L^*** 


Imprinted at hndon by me Richard kele dwelllg in the poiLH^ 
at the Vmge shop vnder saynt myldredes chyrch. 

12mo, n.d. On the reverse of the title-page b a woodo^^ 


representing two figures, one of them perhaps meant for 
Wolsey, the other headed " Skelton; " and on the reverse of 
the last leaf is a woodcut (copied from Pynson*s ed of Dyuen 
BakUySf &c.) with the words " Skylton poyet." 

An edition by Kele, 4to, n.d., is mentioned in Typogr. AnUq. 
iT.305. ed. Dibdin: butqy.V 

Ren afler foloweih a little bookcy whiche hath to name Whi 
oome ye not to courte, compiled by mayster SkeliO Poete Laureate* 


Imprynied at London in Paules churche yarde at the Sygne of 
h Hose by John Wyght. 

12nio, n.d. On the reverse of the title-page is a woodcut, 
which I am unable to describe, because in the copy used by 
ine it was much damaged as well as pasted over. 

Here after fohweJth a litle boke tbhyche hatke to namCy rxhye 
oww ye not to Courte. Compyled by mayster Skelion Poete Lau- 


Imprynted at London in Poules church yard at the syne of the 
Mme by Anthony Kytson. 

Colophon in some copies, 

Imprynied at London in Poules church yard at the syne of Hit 
I^mb by Abraham Veale. 

Colophon in some other copies, 

Imprynied at London in Foster lane by John Wallye 

12010, n.d. 

An edition, Imprynted at London, in PavUs church yarde at 
Ike Sygne of the BtU by Robert Toy, is mentioned in Ttffogr, 
^. iii. 576. ed. Dibdin. 

J IZ.-T-. ?T. i:. 

■- ".- ■ ■ ■- . ^; :^; — ' -.^ ..'^ zii «_-~— "■■■■ji^^H^ve, 

► -.- ->.> .-■< -ni -■ ■ *»• •>•• ^ - i. a -;ii.trt3fc 

^ ^ ■ ■ 

^ «. — ."..u^;r^ t. -- — ^ Cii^ii" 

- V _': : : - ^:«. 

!.«*• - ■•- ■ ■ "■•" 


28. Epitaphium Margafete 81. A parable by William 

countisse de Derbi. Gornishe in y* Fleete. 

29. Epita. Hen. septi. 82. Against yenemous 
80. Eulogium pro suorum tongues. 

temponim. 83. Of Calliope. 

How the very dull poem (31) by William Gornishe came 
to be inserted in this collection, I know not : but I may just 
observe that it is found (with a better text) in MS. Reg, 18. 
D> IL where it immediately precedes Skelton's verses on the 
Death of the Earl of Northumberland. 

"Now synge we, as we were wont," &c. — ^in an imperfect 
>^oliime (or fragments of volumes) of black-letter Chrittmag 
Oirofles, — BibUograph, JUisceU. (edited by the Sev. Dr. BlissJ 
1813, 4to, p. 48. 

(^Deeming the comparatively modem edition of Eljfnour 
Smmt/nge, 1624, 4to (celebrated for the imaginary portrait 
of Elynour,) see Notes, vol. iil. 88 sqq. 

Wood mentions as by Skelton {Ath. Oxon. i. 62. ed. Bliss)— 

Poetical Fancies and Satyrs, Lond. 1512, Oct. 

Tanner mentions {Bibiu^. p. 676) — 

Queries qf England under Benryvii. Lond. . . . 4to. [Qy. 
i»it the same piece as Vox PcpuU, Vox Dei f] 

Warton mentions {HisL ofE, P. ii. 836, note, ed. 4to)— 

A V)Ilection of Skelton's pieces printed for A, Scolocherf 


1ft an ftssessor or scribe. The prisonerB, as we may suppose, 
•refonnd guilty, and ordered into hell immediately. There 
iinosort of propriety in calling this play the Necromancer: 
fx the only business and use of this chai-acter, is to open tlie 
labjectin a long prologue, to evoke the devil, and summon 
tte court. The devil kicks the necromancer, for waking him 
10 soon in the morning: a proof that this drama was per- 
ftrmed in the morning, perhaps in the chapel of the palace. 
A variety of measures, with shreds of Latin and French, is 
«sed: but the devil speaks in the octave stanza. One of the 
rtig&-directions is, Enter Balsebub with a Berde. To make 
kirn both frightful and ridiculous, the devil was most com- 
iBonly introduced on the stage wearing a visard with an im- 
mense beard. Philarg5rria quotes Seneca and saint Austin: 
lad Simony offers the devil a bribe. The devil rejects her 
iftenrith much indignation: and swears by the ybu^e £u- 
■encfei, and the hoary beard of Charon, that she shall be 
well fried and roasted in the unfathomable sulphur of Cocy- 
tia, together with Mahomet, Pontius Pilate, the traitor Judas, 
md king Herod. Tlie last scene is closed with a view of 
hell, and a dance between the devil and the necromancer. 
The dance ended, the devil trips up the necromancer's heels, 
ttd disappears in fire and smoke." HisL ofE. P, ii. 860. 

In the Garlands ofLaureU (vol. ii. 221, sqq.) Skelton enu- 
merates many of his compositions which are no longer ex- 


Venei presented to King Henry the Seventh at the feast of St. 
Otorgt celebrated at Windsor in the third year of his reign — 
Ast printed by Ashmole (see vol. ii. 345 of the present work.) 

The Epitaffe of the moste noble and valyaunt Jaspar late Duke 
^Beddrforde^ printed by Pynson, 4to, n.d. (see vol. ii. 847.) 

Ekgy on King Htnry the Seventh — an imperfect broadside 
[lee vol. ii. 862.) 


Merie TiUa Ifaolg Jm/irinted f mnde bj U'liltr J-tcSoit PmI 
LaareiiL In^niUrd iH Lomloit n FUeUtttal bmtalli (tc Om- 
iml tit At si'jneo/S.JuhnEuimse'uil, if TlumiuCbbcdi,iliaa, 
ii.d. (see Iha precediD<; Appendix.) Warlon, HiiL of E. P. 
il. Baa (note,) gives the dale IfiTB to theao talcs,— on wh« 
Hnthority I knoir tioE. 








Vji"i the douloiina dftlie mtSmathe tnmentiilite diiHitce Oftu 
mat hmanMf Erk of !forlkuiiibtria>idr. MB. Keg. 18 i> ij, 
fcl. IBS (vol. i. S.) 

Ma'«trlsMnrscniil!pem>dAU. Fairfax MS—AiO. MSB. 
(Brit. Mu9.) 6486, TdI. lOfl (vol. i. 3G.} 

Poiatit asaiial CarMiccia. MS. Barl 367, fol. 101. So» 
for IliB first time printed (voL i. 132.) 

" Wofuttji arnii," &c. Fairfax MS.,— Ml MSS. U6S, 
fot 76 and fol. B8 {Brit. Miu.): und MB, copy in a very old 
hand (Ml Iho fly-limves of Battiia dt Oadp. Scliol. cum notaKS 
cBtimtHlO, Darenlrit, 14B6, 41o (in the colleclioa of the klo 
^Ir. Heber,) which hns ^applied several Etanzos hitherto nn- 
{.rlnted (vol. I. I6G.) 

" 7, ZiAer, 4E ^H'fl^iffra, re^frm tii pnana adoraf" &c Jf& 
a a G— No. ooceKXKii. of Naamitli'i Gilal p. 400 [ voL i. ITS ) 

" Sahi pha deciei ijuan niitl momnta diavm," Sea. jidil 
JV£S:(Brit. UnikJ-ITBT. fol. 324[vol. i. IB?.; 

COlj/n Ooult. MS. Earl 22S2, ful. 14T (vol. 11. 13&.>--.ln 
MS. Lanti&ium 782, fol. 76, is a friigioein uF Ihis poem, " The 
proTecy of Skelton" (vol. li. 141.) 


Csrlmdg of LnunO. XS. CblL Vit. EX. M. SOO; very 
tanporfect (toI. ii. 170.) 

^Kte, PoTToL MS. Harl 2252, fol. 133, which bai eup- 
plied niTich now Tor the Erst time printed (vol. ii. 245.) 

Diadona Siaiba Inmilated into Engliih [by Sidlon pMt-Ioit- 
rtai]. MS. C C C—Sa. ccolvil. of Naamilh'e OUaL p. Sfl2. 

For the ToUdwIde account of (Ma MS. I sm Indebted to Mr. 
Tbomaa Wright:— 

" MS. Corp. Chr. Camb. No. B6T. 

At the head of the firal folio—' lnterpreCa.tio Skeltoni poeUe 
Laaraati,' written in a different hand from the MS. {by Na- 
smith said to be b<r Archb. Parker himselO over something 
which has been erased, but which seems to haie been ' Pro- 
hem;e of Po^us.' 

At the end of this jireface is written in the same hand as 
MS. ' Thus endeth the prohemyo uf Poggius.' fol. 3 verso. 

At foL 8 begins ' The prohomy of Diodorus thauutour.' 
This ends at fol. 7 thna,— 

T 'Nowwe wyll enforce to begynneourprocessebiatoryall. 
quod Skelton. 

1 Her« endeth the prohemy of all the hule procesae.' 
The words ■ quod Skelton ' are wrillen in rather a different 

1 chink It DDt impossible that thay may have been added by 
Ihe orijclnal hand at another time. 

Itlaintperfbct at theend: but on aiesrbaund up with it 
ii written in a ranch later hand (perhaps by Parker,) ' Hoc 

nni in litterifl exercitato aggiediendi translationem historic 

qiH hio dlminnta est, nt sic humeri sai vires eiperiatur quid 

I farre valeant, qnidve recusant, tum eogDOscet quid hie trans- 

I iitor prestiterit, fortaasis non ita facile in hoc genere a mul- 

1 Us superandue.* " 

Tanner{5iAluith.p. 676. ed. ITiS) mentions the following 
•»o pieces a> extant in his day among the MSS. of Lincoln 
Cithednil Library (sea Mtmuir, pp. ititi, kkiii.) — 

Sarito priiayii, pOMlea £ 
ILD. MDt Principium de 



Carmen adprwcipem, juando insigniius erat ducU Ebor. iU^ 
Pr. ** Si quid babes, mea Musa.'* 


Vox Pcpnii, tor Dei. JfS. 2567 Cambridge Public 
brary* ^S. Harl 367. fol. 130 (see vuL IL 364.) 

The Jmagt of Ipocrysy. JIS. Lansdotcm 79^ '«ee toL i^ ^ 

Other pieces might be mentimied. 





' ^« Geneabgye of Hereaye, Compyled by Ponce Pantolabtts, 
^f^prynUd at London In Pater nosier rowe. At the signe of 
^bdyepifiye [some copies, ourfadyfr Pyte] ByJohan Red- 
>um. Ad imprimendum aolum^ 1542: another edition was 
printed by Robert Wyer: vide Typogi'aj)h, Antiq, iii. 59, 
182. ed. Dibdin (the size of them not mentioned.) The 
author was John Uantingdon. 

These editions I have not seen: the whole of the tract, 
wwever, seems to be quoted in A mysterye of inyguyte con- 
^yKdmthin the heretycaU Genealogy e of Ponce ParUolabus^ is 
^t both dyschsed 4" confuted By Jciuin Bale An. m.d.xlii. 
l2mo, Geneva, 1545, from which 1 subjoin the following pas- 

" Blynde obstynacye 
Begate heresye. 
By a myschaunce. 
Of dame ignoraunce. 
Heresye begate 
Stryfe and debate. 


Debate and ambycyon 
Begate supersticyon. 
Supersticion playDC 
Begate disdayne. 
Dj'fdajme of trowthe 
Begate slowthe. 
Slowthe & sluggyshnesse 
Begate wylfulnesse. 
Wylfulnesse, verelye 
Nygh cosyne to heresye, 
Begate myschefe, 
Father of Wyclefe, 
Which ded bringe inne 
His grandfather synne. 
After this brother 
Came forth an other; 
His name to discusse, 
Menne called him Huss6| 
He and his cumpanye 
Began in Germauye. 
And after that 
Came in a gnat 
Of the same kynde, 
Whose sowle is blynde ; 
His name you shall here, 
Menne call him Luthere. 
He by his meane 
Hath bannyshed cleane 
Out of that coste 
The Holye Ghoste, 
And hath brought inne 
Lyberte and synne. 
Next after him, 
Is his chefo lym 
One Melanchtonus, 
Nequaquam bonus. 
Next after this whelpe 
Came in to helpe 


One Oecolampadius, 
With his brother Zuinglins. 

And for this tyme 
Here endeth my ryme, 
The Genealogye 
Of stynkynge heresye: 
Wherin I requyre 
And humblye desyre 
All menne y wys 
That shall rede this, 
Aboue all thinge 
To praye for our kynge, 
And the quene also 
Where so euer she go, 
And for the sauegarde 
Of our prince Edwarde, 
Whom 1 praye Jesu 
Longe to contynewe ! 

From A pore Ae^^e. 

The bufder and defence 
Of mother holy hyrke^ 
And toeape to driue hence 
Al thai against her wircke, 

®' ^thoat date or printer^s name. 

" Wyll none in all this lande 
Step forth and take in hande 
These felowes to withstande, 
In nombre lyke the sande, 
That with the Gospell melles. 
And wyll do nothynge elles 
But tratljmge tales telles 


Agaynst our holy prelacie 

And holy churches dygnitie, 

Sayinge it is but papistrie, 

Yea, fayned and hipocrisy, 

Erronious and heresye, 

And taketh theyr aucthoritie 

Out of the holy Euangelie, 

All customes ceremoniall 

And rytes ecclesiastically 

Not grounded on Scripture, 

No longer to endure ? 

And thus, ye maye be sure, 

The people they alure 

And drawe them from your lore. 

The wliiche wyll greve you sore; 

Take hede, I saye, therfore, 

Your nede was neuer more. 

But sens ye be so slacke. 

It greueth me, alacke, 

To heare behynde your backe 

Howe they wyll carpe and cracke, 

And none of vou that dare 

With 1 one of them compare. 

Yet some there be that are 

So bolde to shewe tJieyr ware, 

And is no priest nor deacon, 

And yet wyll fyre his becone 

Agaynst suche fellowes frayle. 

Make out with tothe and nayle, 

And hoyste vp meyne sayle, 

And manfully to fyglit. 

In holy prelates ryght. 

With penne and ynke and paper, 

And lyke no triflynge iaper 

To touche these felowes indede 

1 With] Old ed. " Whiche. 



With all expedient spede, 

And not before it nede: 

And I indede am he 

That wayteth for to se 

Who dare so hardy be 

To encounter here with me ; 

I stande here in defence 

Of some that be far hence, 

And can both blysse and sence, 

And also vndertake 

Ryght holy thynges to make, 

Yea, God within a cake; 

And who so that forsake 

His brcade shall be do we bakej 

1 openly professe 

The holy blyssed masse 

Of strength to be no lesse 

Then it was at the fyrst: 

But I wolde se wlio durst 

Set that amonge the worst, 

For he shulde be accurst 

With boke, bell, and candell, 

And so I wolde hym handell 

That he shulde ryght well knowe 

Howe to escape, I trowe, 

So hardy on his heade, 

Depraue our holy breade, 

Or els to prate or patter 

Agaynst our holy watter. 

This is a playne matter, 

It nedeth not to flatter: 

They be suche holy thjTiges 

As hath ben vsed with kynges ; 

And yet these lewde loselles, 

That bragge vpon theyr Gospelles, 

At ceremonies swelles. 

And at our christined belles, 

And at our longe gownes. 

And at your shauen crownes. 

• •• 


And at your typ[i]ttes fyne, 

The iauelles wyll repyne. 

They saye ye leade euyll lyues 

With other mennes wyues, 

And wyll none of your owne, 

And 80 your scde is sowne 

In other mennes grounde, 

True wedlocke to confounde; 

Thus do they rayle and raue, 

Callynge euery priest knaue, 

That loueth messe to saye, 

And after ydle all daye : 

They wolde not haue you playe 

To dryue the tj'me awaye, 

But brabble on the Byble, 

Whiche is but impossible 

To be learned in all your Ij'fe; 

Yet therin be they ryfe, 

Whiche maketh all this stryfe/* &c. 

From The Vpcheringe of the Messe: InprirUed at JUa 
John Daye and WiUyam Seres, 12mo, n.d. 

*' Who hath not knowen or herd 
How we were made afeard 
That, magre of our beard, 
Our messe shulde cleane awaye, 
That we did dayly saye, 
Aud vtterly decaye 
For euer and for aye ? 
So were we brought in doubte 
That all that are deuout 
Were like to go withoute 
The messe that hath no peere. 
Which longe hath taried here, 
Yea, many an hundreth yere, 


And to be destitute 

Of that whiche constitute 

Was of the highe depute 

Of Christe and his apostles; 

Aithoughe none of the Gospels 

Ko mention maketh or tells, 

We must belue (what ellsV) 

Of things done by councells, 

Wherein the high professours, 

Apostlique successours, 

Take holde to be possessours ; 

And some were made confessours; 

Some of them were no startars, 

But were made holi marters: 

Yet plowmen, sraythes, & cartars, 

With such as be their hartars, 

Will enterprise to taxe 

Thes auncyont mens actes 

And holy fathers factes. 

Thoughe messe were made bi men, 

As popes nyne or ten, 

Or many more, what then ? 

Or not of Scripture grounded, 

Is yt therfore confounded 

To be a supersticion ? 

Nay, nay, they mysse the quissioni 

Make better inquyssicion ; 

Ye hane an euyll condicion 

To make suche exposicion ; 

Ye tbinke nothinge but Scripture 

Is only clene and pure ; 

Yes, yes, I you ensure. 

The messe shalbe hir better, 

Ab light as ye do set hir. 

i'he Scripture hath nothing 
Wherby profyte to bryng. 
But a lytyll preaching, 
With tattling and teaching; 

Vol. I. 


And nothing can ye espie 
Nor se with outwarde eye. 
But must your ears applie 
To learnyng inwardlye; 
And who so it will folowe, 
In goods though he may walow, 
If Scripture once him swalowe, 
She wyll vndo him holowe; 
Wherfore no good mes singers 
Will come within hir fyngers, 
But are hir vnder styngers, 
For she wolde fayne vndo 
All such as lyueth so. 

To the messe she is an enymye^ 
And wolde distroye hir vtterlye, 
Wer not for sum that frendfully 
In time of nede will stand hir bj. 
Yet is the messe and she as lyke 
As a Christian to an heretike : 
The messe hath holy vestures, 
And many gay gestures, 
And decked with clothe of golde 
And vessells many folde. 
Right galaunt to beholde, 
More then may well be tolde, 
With basen, ewer, and towell, 
And many a prety jwelle. 
With goodly candellstyckes, 
And many proper tryckys. 
With cruetts gilt and chalys, 
Wherat some men haue malice. 
With sensers, and with pax, 
And many other knackys, 
With patent, and with corporas 
The fynest thing that euer was. 
Alasse, is it not pitie 
That men be no more wittye 
But on the messe to iest, 
Of all suche thinge the best ? . 


For if she were supprest, 
A pyu for all the rest. 

A, good mestres Missa, 
Shal ye go from vs thissa? 
Wei, yet I muste ye kissa: 
Alacke, for payne I pyssa, 
To se the raone here issa, 
Because ye muste departe ! 
It greueth many a herte 
That ye should from them start: 
But what then? tushe« a fartel 
Sins other shifte is none, 
But she must neades be gone, 
Nowe let vs synge eche one, 
Boeth Jak and Gyll and Jone, 
Requiem etemam^ 
Ij&st penam sempUemam 
For vUam supernam^ 
And vmbram infemam 
For veram lucemam, 
She chaunce to enherite. 
According to hir merite. 

Fro ciUus memoria 
Ye maye wel be soria; 
Full smale maye be your gloria^ 
When ye shal heare thys storia; 
Then wil ye crie and roria, 
We shal se i hir no moria: 
£t dicam vcbia quare 
She may no longer starCy 
Nor here with you regnare, 
But trudge ad vUra mare^ 
And after habiiare 
In regno PluUmico 
Ei euo acronyco^ 

i#e] Olded. •*so. 



Cum cetu Babilonico 
Et cantu diaboUco^ 
With pollers and piller[s]. 
And al hir well willers, 
And therto dwel euer: 
And thus wil I leaue hir.** 

From PhyhgamuSy 12mo, without date or printer's name 
which the title-page and five leaves are preserved 
volume of Ballads and Fragments in the British Mus 
The late Mr. Douce has written below the title- 
•* Probably by Skelton; ** but it is certainly not his. 

" Gyue place, ye poetes fine, 
Bow douue now & encline; 
For nowe y« Muses nyne, 
So sacred and diuine 
In Pamase holy hyll 
Haue wrought theyr worthy wyll. 
And by theyr goodly skyll 
Vppon that myghiy mouutayne 
In Hellycons fountayne, &c. 

poete so impudent, 
Whyche neuer yet was studente. 
To thee the goddes prudente 
Minerua is illudente ! 
Thou wrytest thynges dyff*use, 
Incongrue and confuse, 
Obfuscate and obtuse; 
No man the lyke doth use 
Among the Turckes or Jewes; 
Alwayes inuentyng newes 
That are incomparable. 
They be so fyrme and stable* 


Lyke as a shyppe is able, 
Wythout ancre and cable, 
Roother, maste, or sayle, 
Pully, rope, or nayle, 
In wynde, weather, or hayle. 
To gnyde both top and tayle, 
And not the course to fayle ; 
So thys our poet maye, 
Wythout a stopp or staye, 
In cunnynge wend the way, 
As wel by darke as day. 
And neuer go astray, 
Yf yt be as they saye. 

poet rare and recent, 
Dedecorate and indecent, 
Insolent and insensate, 
Contendyng and condensate, 
Obtused and obturate, 
Obumbylate, obdurate, 
Sparyng no priest or curate, 
Cyuylyan or rurate, 

That be alredy marryed. 
And from theyr vow bene varyed, 
Wherto the Scr}'^pture them caried ! 
They myght as wel haue taryed ; 

1 sweare by the north doore rood, 
That stowte was whyle he stood. 
That they had bene as good 

To haue solde theyr best blew hood. 
For I am in suche a moode, 
That for my power and parte, 
Wyth all my wyt and arte, 
Wyth whole intent and harte, 
1 wyl so at them darte," &c. 


i fu Ci'pye of a letter^ sent by John Bradford to tiie right honot 
ulilt hrdes the Erhs of Arundel, Darbie, Shrewsbury^ ^ Pei 
bivkt, dtcUirig the nature of sjMiniardeSj and discouering t) 
iiu^t detestable treasons^ whiche Oiey haue preien^d mot 
fuUtlyt againste oure vwste nobk kyngdome of England 
W hereunto is added a tragical blast of the papisticaU irop 
for mayntenaunce of the Popes kingdome in Englande. b 
T. E Jf ye beleue the ti'ueth, ye saue your Uues^ &c. 12in 
uiui without date or printer's name on the title-page : tt 
copy now before me is imperfect at the end, where perha] 
both are given. According to Herbert's Ames's Typ, Anti 
iii. 1582, this piece was printed in 1555. 

In the two subjoined passages (perhaps in more) of th 
tract, the author adopts the Skeltouic metre, though tl: 
whole is printed as prose : — 

** There be many other noble memie [among the Spaniard 
besides the duke of Medena-zelieJ vndoubtedly very wise an 
politik, which can throughe their wisdome binde themseluc 
for a time from their nature, and applye their condicions t 
the maners of those menne with whom they would gladlj* 
bee frended ; whose mischeuouse maners a man shal new 
knowe, till he come vnder their subiection. But then sha 
ye perceiue perfectly their pufled pride, with many mis 
chetles beside, their prowling and poling, their bribinge an 
shauing, their most deceitful! dealing, their braging and bos 
ing, their flatteringe and fainiiige, their abominable whoK 
huntynge, with most rufull ruling, | their doings vniust, 
with insaciate lust, | their stout stubbemnes, | croked crabbec 
nes, I and vnmeasurable madnes, | in enui, pride, and lechc 
rie, I which, thei sale, God loueth hartelie, | vaineglorie an 
hipocrisie, | with al other vilanie | of what kinde soeuer 
be; I supersticion, desolacion, extorcion, adulacion, dissimt 
laciou, exaltacion, suppression, iuuocacion, and all abominf 
oion; with innumerable moe mischeues, whiche I could 
plainlio declare, that no nacion in the world can suffer. The 
masking and mumbling | in the holi time of lent | makel 


many wines brente, | the king being present, | nighte after 
nighte, | as a prince of moste mighte, | which hath power in 
hiihande | that no man dare withstande: | yet if that were 
the greatest euil, | we might suffer it wel, | for there is no 
man liuing | but would suffer the king | to haue wife, sister, 
dougbter, maide and all. | bothe great & smal, | so many as 
he liste, | no man would him resist ; | but the worst of all the 
companie | must haue my wife priuelie, | when I am present 
bi; I this is more vilanie, | that one muste kepe the dore; | 
will not that greue you sore ? | & dare not speake for your 
life, I when another hath youre wife," | &c. Sig. B i. 

"Ye wil say, the Spaniards kepe their olde rentaking: 
how can that be, when euery poore man must pay yerely for 
euery chimney in his house, and euery other place that is to 
make fire in, as ouen, fornes, and smithes forge, a Frenche 
crowne? wil Englishmen, or can thei, suffer to be poled and 
pilled moste miserably, in payeng continually suche poling 
p€nc€ and intollerable tollages for all maner graine and breade, 
hefe, beare and mutton, goose, pigge and capone, henne, mal- 
lard and chicken, milk, butter and chese, egges, apples & 
pcares, | wine white andreade, | with all other wines beside, | 
salt white and graye ? | al thinges must pay ; | small nuttes 
&Dd wallnuttes, | cheries and chestnuttes, | plumbes, damas- 
sens, philbeardes, and al | both gret & smal, | whatsouer thei 
DJaye se, | to fede the pore commenalte ; | salmon and hear- 
ing; I this is a shameful! thing; | tench, ele or conger; | this 
shall kepe vs vnder, | and make vs die for hunger; | flounders, 
floucke, plaice or carpe ; | here is a miserable warke | that 
Englande must abide ) to maintaine Spanishe pride,'' &c. 



From Doctour Doubble Ale^ — 12mo, without printer'! 


** Although I lacke intelligence, 
And can not skyll of eloquence, 
Yet wyll I do my diligence 
] To say sumtLing or 1 go hence, 
Wherein I may demonstrate 

\ The figure, gesture, and estate 

\ Of one that is a curate. 
That harde is and endurate. 
And emest in the cause 
Of piuish popish lawes, 
That are not worth two strawes, 
Except it be with dawes. 
That knoweth not good from euels, 
Nor Gods worde from the deuels, 
Nor wyll in no wise heare 
The worde of God so cleare, 
But popishnes vpreare, 
And make the pope Gods peare. 

Now let vs go about 
To tell the tale out 
Of this good felow stout, 
That for no man wyll dout, 
But kepe his olde condicions 
For all the newe comvssions. 
And vse his supersticions. 
And also mens tradycions. 
And syng for dead folkes soules, 
And reade hys beaderolles, 
And all sucn tnmgeb wya vse 
As honest men refuse : 
But take hym for a cruse. 
And ye wyll tell me newes; 
For if he ons begyn, 
He leaueth nought therin ; 


He careth not a pyn ^ 

How much ther be wythin, 

So he the pot may wyn, 

He wyll it make full thyn; 

And wher the drinke doth please 

There wyll he take his ease, 

And drinke therof his fyll, 

Tyll ruddy be his by 11 ; 

And fyll both cup and can, 

Who is so glad a man 

As is our curate than V 

I wolde ye knewe it, a curate 

Not far without Newgate; 

Of a parysh large 

The roan hath mikle charge, 

And none within this border 

That kepeth such order. 

Nor one a this syde Naueme 

Louyth better the ale taueme: 

But if the drinke be small, 

He may not well withall ; 

Tush, cast it on the wall ! 

It fretteth out his gall ; 

Then soke an other house. 

This is not worth a louse, 

As dronken as a mouse, 

Monsyre gyf>et a vaus ! 

And ther wyll byb and bouse, 

Tyll heuy be his brouse. 

Thiis may ye beholde 
This man is very bolde, 
And in his learning olde 
Intendeth for to syt: 
I blame hym not a whyt, 
For it wolde vexe his wyt. 
And cleane agaynst his earning, 
fo folow such learning 

exxsviii examples of tue metre 

As now a dayes is taught; 
It woldc soiie bryiig to naught 
His olde popish brayne, 
For then lie must agayne 
Apply hym to the schole, 
And come away a fole, 
For nothing shulde he get, 
His brayne hath bene to het 
And with good ale so wet; 
Wheretbre he mav now set 
In feldes and in modes, 
And pray vpon his beades, 
For yet he hath a payre 
Of beades that be right fayre, 
Of corall, gete, or ambre, 
At home within his chambre; 
For in matins or masse 
Primar and portas, 
And pottes and beades, 
His lyfe he leades : 
But this I wota, 
That if ye nota 
How this iciiola 
Doth fulow the pota, 

I holde vou a jirota 
Ye wvll rede bv rota 
That he mav wore a cota 
In Cocke Loreis i beta. 
Thus the durtv doctour. 
The popes oune proctour, 
Wyll bragge and boost 
Wyth ale and a tooct, 
And Ivke a rutter 

II vs Latin wvll vtter, 
And turne and tosse hym, 
Wyth iu noHjMjssuin 

1 Lortb] Old ed. *' losels. 



Loquere Latinum; 

This alumjinum 

Is bontis then vinum ; 

Ego volo quare 

Cum tu drinkare 

Pro iuum capiUy 

Quia apud 

Te prqpiciaciOj 

Tu non pates /ado 

Tot quam ego ; 

Quam librum tu lego^ 

Catie de me 

Apponere te : 

Juroper Deum 

Hoc est lifuin meum^ 

Quia drinkum stalwn 

Nonfacere malum. 

Thus our domirms dodkiu 

Wyth ita vera bodkin 

Doth leade his lyfe, 

Which to the ale wife 

Is very profitable : 

It is pytie he is not able 

To mayntayne a table 

For beggers and tinkers 

And all lusty drinkers, 

Or captayne or beddle 

Wyth dronkardes to meddl*. 

Ye cannot, I am sure, 

For keping of a cure 

Fynde such a one well. 

If ye shulde rake hell: 

And therefore nowe 

Ko more to you, 

Bed peiiegas w/«, 

Si veils, papista ; 

Farewell and adewe, 

With a whirlary whewe, 


And a tirlary typpe; 
Beware of the whyppe." 

From A Commemoration or Dingeqf Bastarde Edmonds 
aUcu SatMgey vsurped BissHwppe of London, Compiled 
meke Auale. Episcopalum eius accipiet alter. Anno 2 
1569. Imprinted by P. 0. 8vo. (a tract, chiefly ir 
and of various metres : see Notes, voL iiL 47. ) 

" Thejfte lesson, 
Bomo natus. 

" Homo natus 
Came to heauen gatus. 
Sir, you do come to latus, 
With your shome patus : 
Frequeniia/alsa Euangelii^ 
For the loue of your bealle, 
Cum auro ^ argento, 
You loued the rules of Lento, 
Whiche the Pope did inuento: 
You are spurius de muUere^ 
Not legittimate nor lawful here: 
quam i venenosa pestis. 
Fur J peHurus, latro, mechus^ 
Homiddis^ tantum decus ! 
De salute aniniarum^ 

Of Christes flocke thou hadest small canim: 
Thou art Jiliuspqpuli: 
Go, go to CunstantinopoUy 
To your maister the Turke ; 
There shall you lurke 

1 quam^ ^-c] A line which ought to hsye rhjm^ 

this one is wanting. 

2 Eomicidis\ Old ed. " Homicidus." 


Emong the heathen soules. 

Somtyme your shorne brethren of Ponies 

Were as blacke as monies, 

With their cappes fower forked, 

Their shoes warme corked ; 

Nosed like redde grapes. 

Constant as she apes. 

In nature like blacke monkes, 

And shoote in sparowes tmnkes, 

And boule when thei haue dinde. 

And kepe them from the winde; 

And thei whiche are not able 

Doe sitte still at the table, 

With colour scarlet pale, 

So small is their good ale: 

Thus from God thei did tourne. 

Long before their chnrch did bnme. 

Then when riche men wer sicke, 

Either dedde or quicke, 

Valde diUgmter notani 

^ diuites egroiant ; 

^w currunl^ nee cessabutU 

•^^c ipsos tumilabuni ; 

^^^ alienas iondunt^ 

^^perochias confundunL 

These felowes pilde as ganders, 

^luche like the friers of Flanders, 

Whiche serue Sathan about the cloisters, 

Thei loue red wine and oisters. 

Qa» vidi SatancB aenitre, 

(^tistinim debet introirej 

And euer haue suche an hedde 

As bastarde Boner that is dedde. 

He would for the Pope take pain ; 

Therfore help, you friers of Spain, 

You enquisiters, take paine: 

It is a greate maine 

Vnto the Pope, your hedde, 

That Boner is thus dedde. 


lA-k^iriii or THE AIETBB 

. . . :-- ;• .. 1 .. ?.:* J~:;-c, 

L. . ■ '• ^- ^ -' — - i - -". 
..1. V .- -. -. . ..-. 

.*.:::.. i =■ ":.■.!.-:! 

>; 1- r.; z^ . : .y fr" -sre: 

«■■--- - — ^ -— ■ -■ ".-•- w _• ..LUkf 

V."- "' .* .."",.":_ ". ..'J .. ! l'..Il"."^J 

I-.-..-.- a:.' .v.:1: >\.; !:» y.ur *:i:::ct, 

H:* l:j.r:-: * -.■*■ a: II :*-e. 

0.:u: :'.r:.:. y.u :..;^.::o5 ■;:* Ljuen, 

Av..: <:i.--.e .■-■■•■ .".:e :!::> *I-:-aea: 

\.. : .., — <''0 ■-'» "►*. 

V. «^ » ... 

... I. --- -_• . J^. ^. *«. 

\.- J '■ * ^ ■ -* ■ -1" ■ i .•* 

;"• •■^•■' -^* 1 ■•• <*">> 

fc ..« a^ , . . ^ & ■■■■* ^*a>^ 

YvV.r kv::::.:::::e will not dure." 


.Y*. »•« ». . ■"■•*■ f-f /til.:'.?, 

S.i- V-: l\:o:-. w:*:i yv;;r kaics; 
S.;owo :::v ".orv'.o rho T\zh< waies! 
He d\\c\: o:io? ut roiilos, 
A'.'.vl l'.:i.: ouro ol* oursoules: 
I w '.<>o. ho w;i? :;ot a baste, 
l?ii: ::.'".-o. m ke. an J chaste; 
I: i> a jirouro \ki\c 
riia: i;o is ^».:;o frvnn our citiej 


A man of greate honor; 
holy sainct Boner I 
You blessed friers 
That neuer wer Tiers, 
And you holy nunnes 
Tliat neuer had sonnes, 
Set this child of gi*ace 
In some angelles place." 

Sig. B TiL 

A Skeltonicall Salutation^ 
Or condigne gratulation^ 
And iust vexation 
Of die Spanish Nation^ 
That in a bravado^ 
Spent many a Cinisado^ 
In setting forth an Armado 
England to invado. 

yrifUed al Londtmfor Toby Cooke. 1589, 4tO. 

" king of Spaine, 
Is it not a paine 
To thy heart and braine 
And euery vaine, 
To see thy traine 
For to sustaine, 
Withouteii gaine. 
The worlds disdaine, 
Which doth dispise 
As toies and lies. 
With shoutes and criet^ 
Thy enterprise, 
As fitter for pies 
And butter-flies. 
Then men so wise? 


waspK«<h kin<*, 

Whercs now thy sting, 

Thy dart or sling, 

C)r strong bow-string, 

That siioultl vs wring, 

And vnderbring, 

Wlio eucry way 

Thee vexe and pa}', 

And beare tlie sway 

By niglit and day. 

To tliy dismay, 

In battle amy, 

And every fra^v- ? 

O pufto with pride, 

What foolish guide 

Made thee provide 

To over-riile 

This land so wide 

From side to side, 

And then, vntride. 

Away to sliile, 

And not to abide. 

But nil in a ring 

Awav to 111 njr? 



With last llvinff, 

And no roj^lyir.g. 

For foaro of frying! 

• •■••• 

lUit who but r!i:lippii3S 

That sot'ke:h to nip vs. 

To n.^b vs, a:;.l strip vs, 

Av.d :ho:; :>r :o whip vt, 

Wou!.; ovor haue ment. 

Or V.irhcr >c::: 

SuvV. <h v< of charge, 

Js^ s:i\'::i: a::.i so large, 


Nay, the worst barge, 

Trusting to treason, 

And not to reason, 

Which at that season 

To him was geson, 

As doth appeare 

Both plaine and cleare 

To far and neere, 

To his confusion, 

By this conclusion. 

Which thus is framed. 

And must be named 

Argumentum a minore, 

Cum horrore et timoref 

If one Drake o. 

One poore snake o. 

Make vs shake o. 

Tremble and quake o. 

Were it not, trow ye©, 

A madnes for me 

To vudertake 

A warre to make 

With such a lande. 

That is so mande, 

Wherein there be 

Of certaintie 

As hungrie as he 

Many a thousand more, 

That long full sore 

For Indian golde. 

Which makes men bolde? " te> 



See also — Jucke of (lit Norihe, &c. printed (most inco 
rectly) from C.C.C. MS. in Hartshorne's Anc. Met. Talts^ 
288. — A recantation of famous Pasquin of Borne. An. 1'7 
Imprinted at London by John Daye, 8vo, which (known to rr 
only from Brit. Bibliog. ii. 2^9) contains Skeltonicnl i)a 
sages. — The Riddles of J/tratlitus and Democritus. Printed 
London by Ann Hatfeld for John Norton^ 1598, 4to, whic 
(known to me only from Restituta, i. 175) has SkeltonicJ 
rhymes on thebackof the title-page. — The Wisdomeof DocU 
Dodypoll. As it hath bene sundrie times Acted by the Childn 
of Powles, 1600, 4to, which has some Skeltonical lines at si^ 
C 4. — The Downfall of Robert Earle of Huntington^ &c. (b 
Anthony Munday,) 1601, 4to, and The Death of Robert^ Ean 
of Hvntingion^ &c. (by Anthony Munday and Henry Chettle 
1601, 4to, (two plays already noticed, p. cvi.), in which ar 
various Skeltonical passages. — Hobson's Horse-load of Letter, 
or a President for Epistles. The First Part, 1617, 4to, wliic 
concludes with three epistles in verse, the last entitled " - 
merry-mad Letter in Skellons rime^*^ &c. — Poems: By Miiha< 
Drayton Lsqi'ii'e^ &c., n.d., folio, which contains, at p. 301, 
copy of verses entitled " A Skeltoniad." — The Fortunate Isle. 
&c. 1626, a masque by Ben Jonson (already noticed, p. evil- 
in which are imitations of Skel ton's style — All The Worh 
of John Taylor The Water-^wet, &c. 1630, folio, which cor 
tains, at p. 245, " A Skeltonicall salutation to those that know ho 
to reade^ and not marre the sense with hacking or mis-construi 
f.ion^* (printed as prose). — Besjjerides: or^ The Woi'ks Bo\ 
Humane (f Divine of Robert Herrick Esq., 1648, 8vo, amon 
which, at pp. 10, 97, 268, are verses in Skelton's favouril 
metre. — The Works of Mr. John Cleveland, Containing h 
Poems, Orations, Epistles, Collected into One Volume, 1687, 8v( 
in which may be found, at p. 306, a piece of disgusting grosJ 
ncss (suggested by Skelton's Elynour Rummynge), entitle 
" The Obi GilU' 

A poem called Philargyne of greate Britayne, 1551, printc 
(and no doubt written) by Robert Oowly, has been frequentl. 


mentioned as a " Skeltonic " composition, but improperly, a» 
the following lines will shew ; 

" Geue eare awhyle. 
And marke my style. 
You that hath wyt in store ; 
For wyth wordes bare 
I wyll declare 
Thyngs done long tyme oefore. 

Sometyme certayne 
Into Britayne, 
A lande full of plentie, 
A gyaunte greate 
Came to seke meate, 
Whose name was Philargj'rie," &c. 

"See also," says Warton {Hist, of E. P. ii. 358, note, ed. 4to), 
"adoggrel piece of this kind, in imitation of SkcUon^ intra- 
duced into Browne's Sheperd's Pipe^'^ — a mistake; for the 
poem of Hoccleve (inserted in Eghgue i.), to which Wurton 
Widently alludes, is neitner doggrel nor in Skelton's maimer. 





VOL. I. 




"^ieremini met, ye that be my frendis ! 

This world hath formed me downe to fall : 
flow may I endure, when that eueri thyngendi's ? 

What creature is borne to be eternall ? 

♦ From the ed. by Kynge. and ^larche of Certaine bakes 
^^''ysfcd by Mayster Sktlton, n. d.— collated with the same 
*ork,ed. Day, n. d., and ed. Lant, n. d.; witli Marshe's ed. 
•^fSkelton's WbrkeSj 1568; occasionally with the Mrrourfor 
^^figikraies, 1587 (in the earlier eds. of which the poem was 
wWrporated,) and with a contemporary MS. in the possession 
W^Miss Richardson Currcr, which last has furnished a stanza 
wtherto imprinted. 


. ,..twi ti I pmnoked to fuitity the wall ; 

■ .ut >.i:i\::Hii 11 place full royall, 

\ Mv.>.-.",-, KUain, and many other mo: 

... u -i."! 1 went from them all, 
i ". • ■- ■- , •< « it <•' ift p fi^i-'^ re do riii to ! 

\ . ,.. s •.•.v>w my conquest and victory ? 

^ K.A ii' "Jy riches and my royal aray ? 
*^ i, . x" my coursers and my horses hye? 

*.\ 'vrv is my myrth, my solas, and my play? 

Xx \ any 10, to nou.;ht al is wandred away. 
,* :»■.:* l»«*^» longe for me may ye call 1 

jVr 1 am departed tyl domis day ; 
^i. loui' ye that Lorde that is soueraygne of al 
W jiorx* ho i»y castels and buyldynges royall ? 

1*111 Windsore alone, now I haue no mo, 
V ••{ of Kiun the prayers perpetuall, 

iW, fivr, nunc in pulvere dormio ! 

\\ \\\ should a man be proude or presume hye? 

SaiiH't Uernard therof nobly doth trete, 
<v\lh a man is but a sacke of stercorry, 

\\\\\ shall returne vnto wormis mete. 

>Vhy, what cam of Alexander the greate? 
l>r ds of stronge Sampson, who can tell? 

WtTc not wormes ordeyned theyr flesh to frete 
And iif Salomon, that was of wyt the well? 
Ah-olon prolliryd his heare for to sell, 

\\ \ for al his bewte wormys ete him also; 
A Mil I hut late in honour dyd excel, 

AV, *'«f'<", nunc in jndvere dormio! 


f Iiaue played my pageyond, now am I past ; 

Ye wot well all I was of no great yeld : 
This al thing concluded shalbe at the last, 

When death approchyth, then lost is the felie: 

Then sythen this world me no longer vpTielde, 
Nor nought would conserue me here in my place, m 

In manus tiias, Domine, my spirite vp I yelde, 
Humbly beseching the, God, of thy grace ! 
ye curtes commyns, your hertis vnbrace 

Benyngly now to pray for me also ; 
For ryght wel you know your kyng I was, 

Et, ecce^ nunc in pulvere dormio ! 



Jid domtnum propercUo meum^ meapa^nOj P$r€/i 

Qui Northunibrorumjura pcUema gerit ; 
Ad nutum Celebris tu prona repane leonis 

Quceqae suo patri tristiajusta eano. 
A$t uhi perlegit, dubiam sub mente vohOet 

Fortunam, cuncta qua maUfida rotaL 
Qui leo sit felix, et Nestoris oecupet annos ; 

Ad libitum cujus ipse parcttus ero. 



I WAYLE, I wepe, I sobbe, I sigh ful sore 
The dedely fate, the dolefulle destenj 

Of hym that is gone, alas, without restore, 
Of the bloud royall descending nobellj ; 

* From Marshe*s ed. of Skeltou*8 TFbHbet, 1568, ooBatii 
with a copy of the poem in a Ms. toL now in the Biitii^ 
Museum ( J/& R<eg. 18. D ii foL 165,) which formeriy beloDg*^ 
to the fitth Earl of Xorthumberland, son of the nobtoui^ 
who^e fate is here lamented: vide Acccma q^ flk^li^ |^ 
This ele;^ was printed by Percy in his Rdique* of Am. Bt^ 
FotL (i. 95, ed. 1794,) from the MS. just mentioiied. 


Whose lordshyp doutles was slayne lamentably 
Thorow treson, again bim compassed and wrougbt, 
Trew to bis prince in word, in dede, and tbought. 

Of heuenly poems, O Clyo, calde by name 
In the colege of Musis goddes bystoriall, 

Adres tbe to me, whicbe am botb bait and lame » 
In elect vteraunce to make memoryall ! 
To tbe for souccour, to tb^ for beipe I call, 

Mine homely rudnes and drygbnes to expell 

With tbe fresbe waters of Elyconys well. 

Of noble actes aunciently enrolde 
Of famous pryncis and lordes of astate, 

By thy report ar wont to be extold, 
Regestringe trewly euery formare date ; 
Of tby bountie after the vsuall rate 

Kyndell in me sucbe plenty of tby nobles, • 

These sorowfulle dites that I may shew expres. 

In sesons past, who hath herde or sene 
Of formar writyng by any presidente 

That vilane hastarddis in their furious tene, 
Fulfylled with malice of froward entente, 
Confetered togeder of commonn concente 

Palsly to slee theyr moste singuler good lord ? 

It may be regestrede of sbamefull recorde. 

So noble a man, so valiaunt lord and knyght, 
Fulfilled with honor, as all the world doth ken ; m 


But iher naa fals packing, or els I am begylit^ 
How be it lite mater was euydent and (ilayne, 
F«»r if tljey liad occupied their epere and theif 
Tliii» noble man doutles haA not bene ^layue. 
But men say ihey wer iynked with a double 
And held wiib the eomones voder ti cloke, 
Which kindeled the wild iyr that made si this 

The commons renyed tlier taxes to pay, 

or them demaunded and asked by the kynge ; 

Willi one voice importune they plainly sayd nay; i 

They buekt them on a bu^bmenC themselfe in 

baile to bring, 
Againe the; kynga pleEure to wrestle orJHH 
wring; ^^H 

Bluntly aa bestia with boste and with crye ^^H 
They sayd ibcy forsed not, nor carede not to Sy, 

The nobelnes of the north, this valiant lord and 
Ai man that was innocent of trechery or Iraiae, 
Preseil forth holdly to withstand the myght. 
And, lyke marciall Hector, he faught them 
ngayne, [maine, 

Vygorously vpon them with might and with 
Trustyngin nuhle men that were with him there ; « 
But al ihey fled from bym for falshode or fere. 


saj, ye comoners, why wer ye so stark mad ? jo ( 
W^hat frantyk frensy fyll in your brayne ? ' 

»Vhere was your wit and reson ye should haue ) 
had ? / 

What wilful foly made yow to ryse agayne / 
Your naturall lord ? alas, I can not fayne : 
"STe armyd you with will, and left your wit behynd ; i 
\Toll may ye^ be called comones most vnkynd. I 

He was your chefteyne, your shelde, your chef 
Redy to assyst you in euery time of nede ; 
Your worshyp depended of his excellence : '^ 
Alas, ye mad men, to far ye did excede ; *«» — 
Your hap was vnhap{)y, to ill was your spede : 
^hat moued you againe him to war or to fyglit ? 
What alyde you to sle your lord again all ryght ? / 

The ground of his quarel was for his souerain I 
The well concerning of all the hole lande, 
i^emandyng suche duties as nedes most acord 
To the ryght of his prince, which shold not be 

withstand ; 
For whose cause ye slew him with your owne 
hand : 
^ut had his noble men done wel that day, 
^e Lad not bene able to haue sayd hym nay. w 

1 ye] So MS. Dyce, " you/' C. 


.: ?;:oke thy sworde so noble a mar^ 

^- ...a Miiiraciou?, vnliappy be thy fame, 
% .. : •■•ere endyed with rede blond of the 
1^3^ . ji^ erie ! foule mysuryd ground, 
% t.>e«..i ^'««f ^iit l»i^ iinall dedely wounde ! 

v.r».'iOss of the fatall systers iii i« 

.,\*.u\# most cruel vnto the lyfe of man, 
^ uvrvi'-os. in the is no pite! 
J K-mioidc, which sleest all that thou can, 
>^. vivibly vpon this erle thou ran, 
V'.ui. >*i»" thy sword, enharpit of mortall drede, 
l>.'a &i5 asonder his perfight vitall threde ! 

^^ worvles vnpullysht be, nakide and playne, 

V.Y auivat jH)ems they want ellumynynge ; 
^rbv iluMU to knowlege ye may attayne 
^V this lordes dethe and of his murdrynge ; ^^ 
Whioh whils he lyued had fuyson of euery 
vV knights, of squyers, chyf lord of toure and 

IM iSkkell Fortune began on hym to frowne: 

jVjivirall to ihikos, with kynges he might compare, 
Surnuniniinge in honor al erlis he did excede; 

To all iHUiiitHMS aboute hym reporte me I dare; 
l.\ko to Kneas benigne in worde and dede, 


Valiant as Hector in euery marciall nede, 
f^rouydent, discrete, circumspect, and wyse, 
^yU the chaunce ran agayne hym of Fortunes "o 
duble dyse. 

What nedeth me for to extoll his fame 

With my rude pen enkankered all with rust, 
Whose noble actes show worshiply his name, 
Transendyng far myne homly Muse, that 

Yet somwhat wright supprised with herty 
Truly reportyng his right noble estate, 
Immortally whiche is immaculate ? 

His noble blode neuer destayned was, 
Trew to his prince for to defend his ryght, 

Doblenes hatyng fals maters to compas, ist 

Treytory and treason he banysht out of syght. 
With truth to medle was al his holl delyght. 

As all his countrey can testyfy the same : 

To sle suche a lorde, alas, it was great shame I 

If the hole quere of the Musis nyne 
In me all onely wer set and comprysed, 

^nbrethed with the blast of influence deuyne. 
As perfytly as could be thought or deuised ; 
To me also allthough it were promised 

Of laureat Phebus holy the eloquence, lei 

All \?ere to lytell for his magnificence. 




yonge lyon, but tender yet of age, 

Grow and encrese, remembre thyn estate ; 

God th^ assyst unto thyn herytage, 

And gene th^ grace to be more fortunate ! 
Agayn rebellyones arme the to make debat 

And, as the lyone, whiche is of bestes kynge, 

Unto thy subiectes be curteis and benygne. 

I pray God sende the prosperous Ijrfe and long^ 

Stable thy mynde constant to be and fast, *'' 
Ryght to mayntayn, and to resyst all wronge : 
All flateryng faytors abhor and from the 

Of foule detraction Grod kepe th^ from th.^ 
blast ! 
Let double delyng in th4 haue no place, 
And be not lyght of credence in no case. 

With heuy chere, with dolorous hart and mynd, 
Eche man may sorow in his inward thought 
This lordes death, whose pere is hard to fynd, 
Algife Englond and Fraunce were thorow 

Al kynges, all princes, al dukes, well they w 
Both temporall and spiritual, for to complayne 
This noble man, that crewelly was slayne : 

More specially barons, and those knygtes bold, 
And al other gentilmen with him enterteyned 


In fee, as menyall men of his housold, 
Whom he as lord worshyply mainteyned ; 
To sorowful weping they ought to be con- 
As oft as they call to theyr remembraunce 
Of ther good lord the fate and dedely chaunce. 

perlese Prince of heuen emperyall I wo 

That with one word formed al thing of noughte ; 
Heuen, hell, and erthe obey unto thy call ; 
Which to thy resemblaunce wondersly hast 

All mankynd, whom thou full dere hast 
With thy bloud precious our finaunce thou did pay, 
And vs redemed from the fendys pray ; 

To th^ pray we, as Prince incomparable. 
As thou art of mercy and pyte the well, 

Thon bring unto thy joye eterminable 
The soull of this lorde from all daunger of hell, aoo 
In endles blys with th^ to byde and dwell 

In thy palace aboue the orient. 

Where thou art Lord and God omnipotent. 

quene of mercy, lady full of grace, 
Mayden most pure, and Goddes moder dere, 

To sorowful hartes chef comfort and solace. 
Of all women O flowre withouten pere ! 
I*ray to thy Son aboue the sterris clere, 

VOL. I. 2 

, COlIEIxT Ci 


^ ' AGAYNatK 

i oomrfy coyitrowiie, that curi/oiBsli/ ckatcnlyd. 
wi mrryiMy eowjttred, and madlij in liyt 
otw/kh/g mokh/shly made agaynste the ix Musyt 
ofjK^ytykepoenii and poettyt taalryculat.' 

Of aJlnaoyons vndtr Ihe heuyn, 
TLese I'rantyke foolys I liale nwsl of a!l ; 

'ur IlioDgh tliey stumble in ihe syiinys seuyn, 
In peuyshnes ycL they snapper aud liill. 
Which men the viii dedly syn call. 

Tfiij peuysh pi'oud, thys prendei'gesi, 

"ben be is well, yet can ht not rust. 

iwcle suger lol'e and sowre biiyardya bun 

Be sumdcle lyke in ibrme and thup, 
file ope for a duke, Ihe olhifr for dun, k 

A mauDuliet fur monill tlieron to snap. 
Hys bun is lo hy to huuu any liu|); 
I'ulfor in his gamut uurp ihut lit: cazi, 
liO, Juk wold be a jeutylmun 1 

*TUipo«iD, uid tlie throe piecee nhlcti fullow It, arc 
pm Awn B tract offourleiiTes, a. d., uuJ nilhout prliitpi-'i 
(bat erideiitly from the [iress of I'vnson,) qolluteil wUli 
le'BeiL afSkoIlou'a IFw-jtu, luGS. 



Wjth, Hej, trolj, loly, lo, whip here, Jak, 
Alumbek sodyldym syllorym ben ! 

Curjowsly he can both counter and knak 
Of Martyn Swart and all hys mery men. 
Lord, how Perky n is proud of hys pohen ! 

But ask wher he fyndy th among hys monacordys 

An holy water clarke a ruler of lordys. 

He can not fynd it in rule nor in space : 
He solfyth to haute, hys trybyll is to hy ; 

He braggyth of his byrth, that borne was full bac4 
Hys musyk withoute mesure, to sharp is h^ 

He trymmyth in hys tenor to counter pyrdewj 

His dyscant is besy, it is withoute a mene ; 

To fat is hys fantsy, hys wyt is to lene. 

He lumbryth on a lewde lewte, Roty bully joys 
Rumbyll downe, tumbyll downe, hey go, no^ 
now ! 
He fumblyth in hys fyngeryng an vgly good 
It semyth the sobbyng of an old sow : 
He wold be made moch of, and he wyst how ; 
Wele sped in spyndels and turnyng of tauellya ; 
A bungler, a brawler, a pyker of quarellys. 

Comely he clappy th a pay re of clauycordys ; 
He whjstelyth so swetely, he makyth me t 
swete ; 


His descant is dasslied full of djscordes ; 
A red angry man, but easy to intrete : 
An vssher of the hall fayn wold I get, 4c 

To poynte this proude page a place and a rome, 
For Jak wold be a jentylman, that late was agrome. 

hk wold jet, and yet Jyll sayd nay ; [the best : 
He counteth in his countenaunce to checke with 

A malaperte raedler that pryeth for his pray. 
In a dysh dare he rush at the rypest ; 
Dremyng in durapys to wrangyll and to wrest : 

He fyndeth a proporcyon in his prycke songe. 

To drynk at a draught a larg and a long. 

Nay, iape not with hym, he is no small fole, so 
It is a solemnpne syre and a solayne ; 

For lordes and ladyes lerne at his scole ; 
He techyth them so wysely to solf and to fayne, 
That neyther they synge wel prycke songe nor 

playne : 
Thys docter Deuyas commensyd in a cart, ' 
A master, a mynstrell, a fydler, a farte. 

What though ye can cownter Gustodi nos f 
As well it becomy% yow, a parysh towne clarke. 

To syiig Sospttati dedit cegros : 
Yet here ye not to bold, to braule ne to bark go 
At me, that medeled notliyng with you re wark : 

Con-ect fyrst thy self ; walk, and be nought ! 

Oeme what thou lyst, thou knowyst not my thought. 


For w her so we dwell 
IVih wvll us qwell. 
And wi;h us mell. 

For ;ftll our^ pamperde paanchjs, 
Tber may no fraunchys, 
Nor woHdlr blvs, 

m m 

KedtMne r^ from this : 

Oure diiv< be darvd. 

To be chekmii:vd ' 

AVi:h dniw::v> of deth« 

StoppyiiiT oure breih ; 

Ourv tv^ii svnkvnj. 

Oure bovlvs 5:vnkTii«r% 

Oure nummvs jjrvnnTnjsr, 

Oure soulvs brvnnvns. 

To whom, ihen, siiall we sew, 

For to haue reseew, 

l^uc to swete Jesu, 

On vs then tor to rew? ^ 

O !i^H.xUv ohvid 
Ot* Marv mvlde, 
Tlun be oure shvlde ! 
Tiuu we be not exvld 


"Fo tl:e dvue diile 
i.>r" IvCflts bale. 
Nor to tlie lake 
i.V rVrtav> Make. 

U.j: ^r.iunt vs sraoe 
r.> <v' ihv race, 
A:'.d 10 pu:vI:aoe 


Thyne heuenly place, ^ 

And thy palace. 

Full of solace, 

Aboue the sky, 

That is so hy ; 


To beholde and se 

The Trynyte ! 

Amen. «o 

Myrres vous y. 

ANHOD, wanton, ye want ; 

ure medelyng, mastres, is manerles ; 

e of yll,of goodnes skant, 

ray 11 at ryot, recheles : 

prayse youre porte it is nedeles ; 

11 your draffe yet and youre dreggy s, 

ell borne as ye full oft tyme beggys. 

so koy and full of skorne ? 
ne horse is sold, I wene, you say ; 
ew furryd gowne, when it is worne, »o 

t vp youre purs, ye shall uon pay. 
crede, I trust to se the day, 
^ud a pohen as ye sprede, 
e and other ye may haue nede. 



'rii()U«?h aiigelyk be youre smylyng, 
Yet is you re tong an adders tayle, 

Full lyk<^ a soorpyon styngyng 
All thoso by whom ye haue auayle : 
(uH>d nuistrt.\s Anne, there ye do shayle: 

What pmte ye, praty pyggysny ? 

1 iruslc to quyto you or I dy. 

Youtv kov is meto for euerv lok, 

Yourt* key is ivmmen and hangyth owte ; 
You IV kov is rtH^v, we nede not knok. 

Nor stand lon^ wrestmj; there aboute ; 

i^t* \ourt* dore^te ve haae no doate : 
Uut vn\o th\ nil is* that re be lewde : 
lloldo YvH^r^^ un^c ih>w, sdl beshrewde! 

IV uvis:w^ Ann<^« that tauriy swete* 


Here fohywythe dyuers Balettys and Dyties sola- 
cyous, deuysyd by Master Skelton, LaureaL* 

With, Lullaj, lullay, Ijke a chylde, 
Thou slepyst to long, thou art begylde. 

My darljng dere, my daysy floure. 

Let me, quod he, ly in your lap. 
Ly styll, quod she, my paramoure, 

Ly styll hardely, and take a nap. 

Hys bed was heuy, such was his hap, 
All drowsy dremyng, dround in slepe. 
That of hys loue he toke no kepe, 

"With, Hey, lullay, &c. 

With ba, ba, ba, and bas, bas, bas, 
She cheryshed hym both cheke and chyn. 

That he wyst neuer where he was ; lo 

He had forgoten all dedely syn. 
He wantyd wyt her loue to wyn : 

He trusted her payment, and lost all hys pray : * ^ 

She left hym slepying, and stale away, 

Wyth, Hey, lullay, &c. 

* A tract 80 entitled, of four leaves, n. d. and without print- 
er's name, but evidently from the press of Pynson, consisti 
of the five following pieces. 

Vayl Qy.«pay"? C. 


The ryuers rowth, the waters wan, 
She sparyd not, to wete her fete ; 

She wadyd ouer, she found a man 

That halsyd her hartely and kyst her swete : 
Thus after her cold she cought a hete. 

My lefe, she sayd, rowtyth in hys bed ; 

I wys he hath an heuy hed, 

Wyth, Hey, lullay, &c. 

What dremyst thou, drunchard, drousy pate ! 

Thy lust and lykyng is from th^ gone ; 
Thou blynkerd blowboll, thou wakyst to late. 

Behold, thou lyeste, luggard, alone ! 

"Well may thou sygh, well may thou grone, 
To dele wyth her so cowardly : 
I wys, powle hachet, she bleryd thyne I^ 

Qd Skelton, laureate. 

The auncient acquaintance, madam, betwen ' 
The famylyaryte, the formar dalyaunce, 
Causyth me that I can not myself refrayne 
But that Imust wrytefor my plesaunt pastaunc^ 
Remerabryng your passying goodly counte* 
Your goodly port, your bewteous visage, 
Ye may be countyd comfort of all corage. 


Of all your feturs fauorable to make tru discrip- 
I am insuffycjent to make such enterpryse ; 

For thus dare I say, without [conjtradiccyon, lo 
That dame Menolope was neuer half so wyse : 
Yet so it is that a rumer begynnyth for to ryse, 

How in good horsmen ye set your hole delyght. 

And haue forgoten your old trew louyng knyght 

Wyth bound and rebound, bounsyngly take vp 
Hys jentyll curtoyl, and set nowght by small 
naggys I 
Spur vp at the hynder gyrth, with, Gup, morell, 
With, Jayst ye, jenet of Spayne, for your tayll 

waggys ! 
Ye cast all your corage vppon such courtly 
Haue in sergeaunt ferrour, myne horse behynd m 

is bare ; 
"6 rydeth well the horse, but he rydeth better 
the mare. 

, ware, the mare wynsyth wyth her wanton 
She kykyth with her kalkyns and keylyth with 
a clench ; 
ohegoyth wyde behynde, and hewyth neuer a dele : 
Ware gallyng in the widders, ware of that 
wrenche 1 


It is [/frrlous for a horsemaD to dvg in tbe 

TUyn grfcuyth your hasband, that ryght jentyll 

And »o M'ilh youre seruantjs he fersly doth fygbt. 

So ferhly he fytyth, hi.s mynde is so fell, 

I'hat he dryuyth tliem doune with dyntes on 
ther day wach ; * 

He breHyth theyr braynpannys and makyth them 
to swell, 
They re browys all to-brokyn, such clappys they 

each ; 
Wlio>e jalawsy malycyous makyth them tolep* 
tlie hacli ; 
Hy iheyr conusaunce knowing how they serue * 

wily py ; 
Ank all your neybours whether that I ly. 

It. can be no eounsell that is cryed at the cros; 

For youre jentyll husband sorowfull am I; 
!Iow be it, he is not furst hath had a los : 

A(huMlysyn«jj you, madame, to warke mor^^ 

secret I V, 
Let not all tlie world make an owtcry; * 

riay I'ayro plav, madame, and loke yeplayclet:*^ 
Or ells with gret shame your game wylbe sene - 

Qd SkeltoD, laureat 


Knolege, aquayntance, resort, fauour with grace ; 

Delyte, desyre, respyte wyth lyberte ; 
Corage wyth lust, conuenient tyrae and space ; 

Dysdayns, dystres, exylyd cruelte ; 

Wordys well set with good habylyte ; 
Demure demenaunce, womanly of porte; 
Transendyng plesure, surmountyng all dysporte ; 

Allectuary arrectyd to redres 

These feuerous axys, the dedely wo and payne 
Of thoughtfull hertys plungyd in dystres ; io 

Refresshyng myndys the Aprell shoure of 

rayne ; 
Condute of comforte, and well most souerayne ; 
Herber enverduryd, contynuall fressh and grene ; 
C>F lusty soraer the passyng goodly quene ; 

1*1:16 topas rych and precyouse in vertew ; 

Tour ruddy 8 wyth ruddy rubys may compare ; 
^«>.phyre of sadnes, enuayned wyth indy blew ; 
The pullyshed perle youre whytenes doth 

declare ; 
Dyamand poyntyd to rase oute hartly care ; 
^^^yne surfetous suspecte the emeraud com- » 

endable ; 
*^^ lucent smaragd, obiecte imcoraperable ; 

■^ricleryd myrroure and perspectyue most bryght, 
Xllumynyd wyth feturys far passyng my reporte ; 


Radyent Esperus, star of the clowdy nyght, 
Lode star to lyglit these louers to theyr porte5= 
Gayne dangerous stormy s theyr anker of su^ 
Theyr sayll of solace most comfortably clad, 
Whych to behold makyth heuy hartys glad : 

Remorse haue I of youre most goodlyhod, 
Of youre behauoure curtes and benynge,. 

Of your bownte and of youre womanhod, 
Which makyth my hart oft to lepe and 

And to remember many a praty thynge ; 

But absens, alas, wyth tremelyng fere and dred^ 

Abashyth me, albeit I haue no nede. 

You I assure, absens is my fo, 

My dedely wo, my paynfull heuynes ; 

And if ye lyst to know the cause why so, 
Open myne hart, beholde my mynde expres: 
I wold ye coud ! then shuld ye se, mastres. 

How there nys thynge that I couet so fayne 

As to enbrace you in myne armys twayne. 

Nothynge yerthly to me more desyrous 

Than to beholde youre bewteouse countenaunc^ 

But, hateful 1 absens, to me so enuyous, 

Though thou withdraw me from her by loc^ 

Yet shall she neuer oute of remembraunce ; 


For I haue grauyd her wythin the secret wall 
Of my trew hart, to loue her best of all ! 

Qd Skelton, laureat. 

Ouncta licet cecidisse putas discrimina rerum^ 

Et prius incertCt nunc tihi certa manent, 
Oonsiliis usure meis tamen aspice cmite, 

Suhdola nonfcdlat te deafraude sua : 
Scepe solet placido mortcUes faUere vvltu. 

Et cute sub placida tahida scape dolent ; 
Ui quando secura putas et cuncta serena, 

Anguis sub viridi gramme scepe latet 
Though ye suppose all jeperdys ar paste, 

And all is done that ye lokyd for before, w 
Ware yet, I rede you, of Fortunes dowble cast, 

For one fals poynt she is wont to kepe in store. 

And vnder the fell oft festered is the sore : 
That when ye thynke all daunger for to pas. 
Ware of the desard lyeth lurkyng in the gras. 

Qd Skelton, laureat. 

Go, pytyous hart, rasyd with dedly wo, 
^ersyd with payn, bleding with wondes smart, 

oewayle thy fortune, with vaynys wan and bio. 
^ Fortune vnfrendly. Fortune vnkynde thow 

VOL. I. 3 


To be so cruell and so ouerthwart, 
To suffer me so carefull to endure, 
That wher I loue best I dare not dyscure ! 

One thcr is, and euer one shalbe, 

For whose sake my hart is sore dyseasyd ; 
For whose loue, welcom dysease to me ! la 

I am content so all partys be pleasyd , 
Yet, and God wold, I wold my payue were 
easvd ! 
But Fortune euforsyth me so carefully to endure. 
That where I loue best I dare not dyscure. 

Skelton, laureat, 

At the instance of a nobjU lady. 



Ay, besherewe yow, be my fay, 

This wanton clarkes be nyse all way ; 

Avent, avent, my popagay ! 

What, will ye do no thyng but play ? 

TuUy valy, strawe, let be, I say ! 

Gup, Cristian Clowte, gup, Jak of the vale ! 

With, Manerly Margery Mylk and Ale. 

lie God, ye be a praty pode. 

And I loue you an hole cart lode. 

Strawe, Jamys foder, ye play the fode, u 

* am no hakney for your rode ; 

^^ watch a bole, your bak is brode ; 

^up, Cristian Clowte, gup, Jak of the vale ! 

'^iih, ]VIanerly Margery Mylk and Ale. 

* From the Fairfax 3i8., which formerly belonged to Ralph 
*- boresby, and now forms part of the Additional mss. (5405. 
*^1. 109) in the British Museum. It was printed (together 
^^''ith the music,) by Hawkins, Ilist. of Music^ iii. 2. This song 
^^"^ inserted also in the first edition of Ancient Songs^ 1790, 
P* 100, by Ritson, who observes, — " Since Sir J. Hawkins's 
^*^nscript was made, the MS. appears to have received certain 
^»terations, occasioned, as it should seem, but certainly not 

^'ithorised, by the over-scrupuUms delicacy of its late or 

r»f«sent possessor." p. 102. 


- ;r --cii'LIi me? now, fy ! 
. ': -la-.c Ziv piggesnye? 
"T >:a— T'.c. r.o Lurdelv : 

.:ij ,'!•- iFtt. z"-?- Jake of the vale! 
r -" 5Lir-jrrv Mvik aod Ale. 

* ii^ . ru -ur ▼"JIT. re cost me nought ; 
•». . li--: I o*f -Jc'i :ia; 1 haue sought, 
V •:-* ': -•*: :»r?cii ih^it euvr I bought. 
.. .-■ J:> *.t:t "Jdik iil halh wrought, 

* .. -i- .- : > I ije lor thought ! 

w,.. - '">*=u: .^v.'*^?. vour breth is stale! 

.„. "L^i •■ k^>^^rv Alylk and Ale! 

,^, . . ->i:cu: .^Ic *:e, gup, Jak of the vale ! 

I. . "^i.-^-..-; ^iiirgvry My Ik and Ale. 






umpne, whan the sonne in Virgine 
rad} ante liete eniyped hath our corne ; 

Luna, full of mutabylyte, 
iimperes the dyademe hath worne 
)ur pole artyke, smylynge halfe in scorue 
• foly and our vnstedfastnesse ; 

ine wlian Mars to werre hym dyde dres ; 

ynge to mynde the greate auctoryte 

joetes olde, whyche full craftely, 
as couerte termes as coude be, lo 

touche a trouth and cloke it subtylly 

th fresslie vtteraunce full sentencyously ; 

se in style, some spared not vyce to wryte,* 

of moralyte nobly dyde endyte ; 

m the ed. of Wynkyn de Worde, n. d., in the Advo 
Library, Edinburgh, collated with another ed. by 
n de Worde, n. d., in the Public Library, Cambridge, 
h Marshe's ed. of Skelton's Workes^ 1568. 
^1 Qy. " wyte " (i. e. blame)? 



"Wherby I rede tlieyr renome and theyr fame 
Maye neuer dye, bute euermore endure: 

I was sore moued to aforce the same, 

But Ignoraunce full soone dyde me dyscure, 
And sliewed that in this arte I was not sure ; 

For to illumyne, slie sayde, I was to dulle, « 

Auysynge me my penne alwaye to pulle, 

And not wryte ; for he so wyll atteyne 
Exoedynge farther than his connyuge is, 

His hede maye be harde, but feble is his brayne, 
Yet haue 1 knowen suche er this ; 
But of reproche surely he maye not mys, 

That clymmeth hyer than he may fotynge haue; 

What and he slyde downe, who shall hym saue? 

Thus vp and down my mynde was drawen and 

That I ne wyste what to do was beste ; " 
So sore enwered, that I was at the laste 

Enforsed to slepe and for to take some reste ; 

And to lye downe as soone as I me dreste, 
At Ha^^^yche Porte slumbrynge as I laye, 
In myne hostes house, called Powers Keys, 

Methoughte I sawe a shyppe, goodly of sayle, 
Come saylynge forth into that hauen brood, 

Her takelynge ryche and of bye apparayle : 
She kyste an anker, and there she laye at rod* 
Marchauntes her horded to see what she had * 
lode ; 


rherein they founde royall marchaundyse, 
J'raghted with plesure of what ye coude deuyse. 

ht than I thoughte I woulde not dwell behynde 
Amonge all other I put myselfe in prece. 

Than there coude I none aquentaunce fynde : 
There was moche noyse ; anone one cryed, Cese ! 
Sharpely commaundynge eche man holde hys 

laysters, he sayde, the shyp that ye here see, 

.'he Bowge of Courte it hyghte for certeynte : 

?he owner therof is lady of estate, « 

Whoos name to tell is dame Saunce-pere ; 

ler marchaundyse is rj'che and fortunate. 
But who wyll haue itmuste paye therfore dere ; 
This royall chaffre that is shypped here 

s called Fa u ore, to stonde in her good grace. 

^^han sholde ye see there pressynge in a pace 

)f one and other that wolde this lady see ; 
Whiche sat behynde a traues of sylke fyne, 

^f golde of tessew the fy nest that myghte be, 
In a trone whiche fer clerer dyde shyne a- 

Than Pbebus in his spere celestyne ; 

"hoos beaute, honoure, goodly porte, 

* haue to lytyll connynge to reporte. 

"Qt, of eche thynge there as I toke hede, 
^onge all other was wrytten in her trone, 

V..- - r ''Jir ." 

Tir- 9 

i. . . — 

.. -. - ::-. T '. - - . :.- -i:*--;*?. 

"... . .:::r iiiv^ I t;i - 1-. i Via-Iriit 

V . . r. :■ . -r. TTX'j«i sir. i7-i«it-r "^r .riiK.' 

_:_: . ; ■ c V ji-ie '>n me siie ziui- 4 rJ-'CK * 

"^ . ■. V "! .mre. ami rin }ii 3bt ■.: ?ci-'« 
J . ...'.'i.-i". iirni :vo me itie ItI.- :*:*- 

.. : ■ . -r'l: ':um»i an odier 2»ia:Tl»:.iiaii; 

wr-- r-': i.'-r nanif: w;i.j, and so she me ;;".ie- 
Si; 'ri:": to rn^:, Itrudiir, be of g(»i chere, 

\u:\-'\\'\ w;ij not, liiit hanielv be bolde, 

Arj;iuri''" yoiir««'lfi: to aproche and comeiwrei 
WliMi iliMii;^li our clmtTer be neuer so dere, 

Yrf I ;iiiv r VNii to siM'kc, tor onv drode: " 

■ t 1 m 

Wlio .-.p.irrili (i) N|M*k(\ in taythhespareih tospe^ 

1 /.'.ri..'. I M ii^lio'* Oil. " Uardt.'" Qy. ** Gardaf" 

strea, qood I, I liaue none aquentaiince, 
Thnt wj-ll for me be medyatoure and mene ; 
ijiA (his an othur, I haae but smale substaiince. 
Pece, quoil Desyre. ye speke not worth a bene 
Tfye haue noi, in tiiyth I wyll you lene 
A precyoHs Jewell, no rycher in this londej 
Bone Auenture baue here now in your honde. 

Sbffte now Cberwith, let see, as ye can, 
In Bowge of Courle cheoysaunte to make ; '« 

Fwldare siiye that there nys erlbly man 
Bui. HD ' he can Bone Auenlure lake, 
ThBrecntinofanonrnorfrendshyp hym forsake ; 

Bow AuMiture may brynge you in suche caae 

lludye shall elonde in fauoure and in grace. 

BnioFoae tliynge I wei'ne you er' I goo, 
Rbethat slyreih ttieslivp, make her you rfrende. 

Uipircj, quod I, I prsye you tell me why aoo, 
And how I maye that waye and meanes f'ynde. 
Por^ullie, quod she, how eui:r bluwe the "lo 

Fortune gydetli and ruleth ail cure shyppe ; 

Wlifimeshehatelb shall ouerlhe seeboordeskyp; 

ffhonie she Inueth, of all plesyre ia ryehe, 

Whyltisslie laughed] and Lath luste for loplaye; 
Vlwme she haletii, she castetli in the dyche, 


For whan she frouneth, she thjnketh to make 

a fray ; 
She cheryssheth him, and hy m she casseth ' 
Alas, quod I, how myghte I haue her sure ? 
In fayth, quod she, by Bone Auenture. 

Thus, in a rowe, of martchauntes a grete route w 
Suwed to Fortune that she wold be theyre 
frynde : 

They thronge in fast, and flocked her aboute; 
And I witli them prayed her to haue in mynde. 
She promysed to vs all she wolde be kynde: 

Of Bowge of Court she asketh what w^e wold haue; 

And we asked Fauoure, and Fauour she vs gaue. 

Thus endeth the Prologue ; and hegyrmetk th 
Bowge of Gourte hreuely compyled, 


The sayle is vp, Fortune ruleth our helme, 
We wante no wynd to passe now ouer all ; 

Fauoure we haue tougher than ony elme. 
That wyll abyde and neuer from vs fall : * 
But vnder hony ofte tyme lyeth bytter gall ; 

For, as me thoughte, in our shyppe I dyde see 

Full subtyll persones, in nombre foure and thr^ 

1 casseth] W. de Worde's ed. P. L. C, " casteth." MarB*** 
ed. " chasseth." 


The fyrete was Fanell, full of fialery, 

Wyth faLles false that well coude fayne i 

The seconds was Suspecte, whicbe that daylj 
MyBilempte echo man, with face deedly an 

And Haruy Hafterj'tLat well coude picke 

With other foure of itiejr affynyle, 

Djsilajrne, Ryotte, DysaymuJer, Sublylie. i 

Fortane iheyr frende, wilh whome oft she dyd 
daunce ; 
They coude not faile, thei thouglit, they wer 

And oftentymes I wolde myselfe a 
I Willi tlnjm lo make solace and pleasure ; 
Rill iiiv ilvsjifiriB tliey coude not well en- 

li;iied for 10 dele wilh Drede, 


Ye be an apte man, as ony can be founde, 
To dwell with vs, and serue my ladyes grace; 

Ye be to her yea worth a thousande poande ; 
I herde her speke of you within shorte space. 
Whan there were dyuerse that sore dyde you 
manace ; 

And, though I say it, I was myselfe your frende, 

For here be dyuerse to you that be vnkynde. •" 

But this one thynge ye maye be sure of me ; 
For, by that Lorde that bought dere all mon- 
I can not llater, I muste be playne to th^ ; 
And ye nede ought, man, shewe to me joar 


For ye baue me whome ^ythfull ye shall fynde; 
Whyles I haue ought, by God, thoa shalt not 

And vt' ntnle be, a bolde worde I dare cracke. 


Nav, nave, be sure, whrles I am on vour syde, 
Yx} niave not tall. tru<ie me, ye maye not *" 
fa vie : 
Ye sioiuie in fauoure. and Fortune is joar gy^^' 
And. as she wyU, so shall oar grete shypp* 
sa vie : 


Thvso lew.:e cok wattes shall neoermore p*^ 


Ageyrs:e vv>u harvioly. therlbn? be not afirayd^ ' 
Far^n^cII :vll Svvne : but no worde tkat I^yd^- 



Than thanked I hym for his grete gentylnes : 
But, as me thoughte, he ware on hym a cloke, 

That lyned was with doubtfull doublenes ; 
Me thoughte, of wordes that he had full a poke ; 
His stomak stuffed ofte tymes dyde reboke : i8« 

Suspycyon, me thoughte, mette hym at a brayde, 

And I drewe nere to herke what they two 

En fay the, quod Suspecte, spake Drede no worde 
of me? 
Why, wliat than? wylte thou lete men to 
speke ? 
He sayth, he can not well accorde with th^. 
Twyst,* quod Suspecte, goo playe, hym I ne 

By Cryste, quod Fauell, Drede is soleyne 
freke : 
What lete vs holde him vp, man, for a whyle ? 
Ye soo, quod Suspecte, he maye vs bothe begyle. 

And whan he came walkynge soberly, i« 

Wyth whom and ha, and with a croked Kike, 

Me thoughte, his hede was full of gelousy. 
His eyne roily nge, his hondes faste they 

quoke ; 
And to me warde the stray te waye he toke : 

* T»ya] W. de Worde's ed. P. L. C, " Whist." Marsho's 



Gc*i ?r-r^T. rr.'iier ! to me quod he than ; 
A:i«i :1'^ :c- Lfclke viih me he began. 


Ye rememl re the geotylmaD rj-ghte nowe 
That cv*aimauiKie with tou, me thought, a party 

Beware o;' him. tor, I make God aoowe, 

He wvll beg vie vou and speke fay re to your 

lace ; 
Te neuer dwelte in suche an other place, ^ 

f or here is none that dare well other truste ; 

But I wolde telle you a thynge, and I durste. 

Spake he a fayth no worde to you of me ? 
I wote, and he dyde, ye wolde me telle. 

I haue a fauoure to you, wherof it be 

That I muste shewe you moche of my counselle: 
But I wonder what the deuyll of helle 

He sayde of me, whan he with you dyde talke: 

By myne auyse vse not with him to walke. "• 

The soueraynst tliynge that ony man maye haue, 
Is ly tyll to saye, and moche to here and see ; 

For, but I trusted you, so God me saue, 
I wolde noo thynge so playne be ; 
To you oonly, me thynke, I durste shryuenie; 

1 ajMriy sjxice] So W. de Worde's ed. P. L. C. Other**- 
** apurty spake." Qy. " &praiy (pretty) space? " 


now am I plenarely dysposed 
shewe you thynges that may not be dia 


n I assured hym my fydelyte, 

is eounseyle secrete neuer to dyscure, 

le coude fynde in herte to truste me ; «« 

Is I prayed hym, with all my besy cure, 

kepe it hymselfe, for than he myghte be sure 

t noo man erthly coude hym bewreye, 

^'les of hys mynde it were lockte with the keye. 

God, quod he, this and thus it is ; 

nd of his mynde he shewed me all and some. 

swell, quod he, we wyll talke more of this : 

oo he departed there he wolde be come. 

dare not speke, I promysed to be dome : 

, as I stode musynge in my mynde, aao 

uy Hafter came lepynge, lyghte as lynde. 

)n his breste he bare a versynge boxe ; 
lis throte was clere, and lustely coude fayne ; 
though te, his gowne was all furred wyth foxe ; 
^d euer he sange, Sythe I am no thynge 

To kepe him frome pykyng it was a grete 

payne : 
5 gased on me with his gotyshe berde ; 
"an I loked on hym, my purse was half aferde. 


Sjr, Go(] you siiu« ! why loku ye so suilde F 
Wluit tbjiiga is that I nmye do for you ? " 

A wotidur (bynge liiat ye wuxe not madde ! 
For, and I studye sholde as yo doo uowe, 
My wytte wolde wasti;, I iniike Grod auowe, 

Tell me jour mynde ; me ihynke, ye make a 

I Coude it skan, and ye wolde it reherae. 

But to tht: poynte shortely lo procede, 

Whero hailiH your dwellynge btsn, er ye mm 

For, as I trowe, I baue sene you indede 

£r this, whHQ thut ye made me royall chere. 

Holde vp theLelme, loke vp, and lete God stereo 

I wolde be mery, what wynde ihat euer blowe,*' 

Heue and how rombelow, row the bote, NorcoaD, 

Prynces of youglhe can ye synge by rote? i 

Or shall I sayle wyth you a felashyp assays i 

For OD the booke I can not synge a note. 
Wolde to GoJ, it wolde please yon some dftya 
A balade boke before me lor to laye, 

And leiTie me lo synge, Be, my, fa, sol ! 

Andj whan I fayle, bobbe me on the noU. 

Loo, what is lo you a pleasure grete, *" 

To bane thai uounynge and wayea that yc haue > 


iy Goddis soule, I wonder how ye gete 
Soo greate pleasure, or who to you it gaue : 
Syr^pardone me, I am an homely knaue, 

'o be with you thus perte and thus bolde ; 

kt ye be welcome to our housholde. 

Vnd, I dare saye, there is no man here inne 
But wolde be glad of your company : 

i wyste neuer man that so soone coude wynne 
The fauoure that ye haue with my lady ; «• 
I praye to God that it maye neuer dy : 

(t is your fortune for to haue that grace ; 

<^ I be saued, it is a wonder case. 


For, as for me, I serued here many a daye, 
And yet vnneth I can haue my lyuynge : 

But I requyre you no worde that I saye ; 
For, and I knowe ony erthly thynge 
That is agayne you, ye shall haue wetynge : 

^d ye be welcome, syr, so God me saue : 

( hope here after a frende of you to haue. sm 


^yth that, as he departed soo fro me, 

Anone ther mette with him, as me thoughte, 
^naan, but wonderly besene was he ; 
He loked hawte, he sette eche man at 

noughte ; 
Hb gawdy garment with scornnys was all 

wrought ; 
VOL. I. 4 



With indygnacyoD lyned was Lis bode; 
He frownuil, as he wolda swera b^ CockH 

He bole ihe ly|^> he lokod paesynge coje; 
HU face was btilymmed, as byes had him 
stounge : 

It was no tjnie with bim to jape nor loye ; " 
Enuye bathe wasted \iU lyuer and his loutigi^i 
Hatred by iho herte so had bym wrounge, 

That he loked pale as assbes to my syghte : 

"Dysdayne, I wene, tiiis comerous crabes hyglils. 

To Heruy Hafter than be sp»ke oi' me, 

And Idrewenere toharke what they twosa^de' 

^uw, quod Dysdayne, as I bIiuU saued be, 
I haue grete ecome, and am lyghie ea;ll 

a payed. 
Than quod Heruy, why arte thou so dyBmajJ*' j 

By Crysle, quod be, lor it is shame to saye i • J 

To see Johan Dawes, that came bat yeslef 6*J^ I 

How he is now taken in conceyte, ] 

This doctour Dawcocke, Drede, I wene, li= ' 
hyghte : j 

By Goddis bones, but yf we baue som sleyte, 
It is lyke he wyll slonde in our lyghte. 
By God, quod Heruy, and it so happen mjg'i''' 
I Leie Ts tbertbre shorlely at a worde 
I'ynde some mene to caste him ouer the bonl* 


3y Him that me bough te, than quod Dysdayne, 
I wonder sore he is in suche conceyte. sic 

Turde, quod Hafter, I wyll th^ no thynge layne, 
There muste for hym be layde some prety beyte ; 
We tweyne, I trowe, be not withoute dysceyte : 

Fyrste pyeke a quarell, and fall oute with hym 

And 800 outface hym with a carde of ten. 

Forthwith he made on me a prowde assawte, 
With scornfull loke meuyd all in moode ; 

He wente aboute to take me in a fawte ; 
He frounde, he stared, he stamp ped where he 

I lokyd on hym, I wende he had be woode. aac 

He sent the arme proudly vnder the syde, 

And in this wyse he gan with me to chyde. 


Remembrest thou what thou sayd yester nyght ? 
Wylt thou abyde by the wordes agayne ? 

% God, I haue of th6 now grete dyspyte ; 
I shall th^ angre ones in euery vayne : 
It is greate scorne to see suche an hayne 

As thou arte, one that cam but yesterdaye, 

"ith vs olde seruauntes suche maysters to playe. 

1 tell th^, I am of countenaunce : sao 

What weneste I were ? I trowe, thou knowe 
not me. 


By Goddis woundeg, but for dysplesaunce. 
Of my querell soone wolde I venged be: 
But DO forte, I shall ones mete with th^t 
Come whan it wyll, oppose the I eliall, 
Whal soraeuer auenture therof fall. 

Trowest thou, drenyll, I saye, ihou gawdyknau^'i 

TliHt I haue deynte lo see th^ cheryisshed ibite! 

By Goddissyd, my swordelliy berdesliallBhsiie; 

Well, ones thou shalte b« chenned, I wus: " 

\ Naye, strawe fur tales, diou fhalle not roIe^s 

We be thy betters, and so tliou shatte ya lake, 
. Or we shall ifad oute of thy clolhes sh;ike. 

Wytli that came Ryotte, russhynge all at ones, 
A rusty giilknde, to-ragged and to-rente ; 

And on the horde he whyrled a payre of bonea. 
Quater treye dews he clatered as he wente ; 
Now hftue at all, by saynte Thomas of Kentel 

And euer he (hrene and kyst I wote nere what: 

His here was growen thorowe oute bis hat. ** 

Thenne I behelde how he dyagysed was: 

Hia hede was heuy for walchynge ouernygbtCi 

His eyen blereed, his face shone lyke a glas ; 
His gowne so ehorle that it ne couer myghte 
His rumpe, lie wente so all for somer lyghlei 

Hia hose was garded wyth a lysle of grene, 

Yet lit llie knee ihey were broken, I wane. 

^^^^1 Tllli: BOWGE OF COL'ltTR. 53 

I 'i£)Wte was cliei:keil with jjiitcties rede and blewe ; 

I Of Kyrkeby Kendall was his shorCe ilemye ; 

And ay lie sange, In faytli, decon thou crewe ; m 

Rh elbowe bare, he ware his gere m nj-e ; 

His nose a droppynge, bia lyppes were full drye ; 

And by his syde bis whynarde and his pouulie. 

The deuyll myghledaunceliierin forony crowclie. 

CouBler he coude lux vpon a potte ; 
An eeslryche fedder of n cnpona layie 

He set vp fressbely vpon hia bat alofte : 
What,reueU route ! quod he, and gan to rayle 
Bow oft he hadde hit Jenet on the tayle. 

Of Felyce fetewse, and lytciU prety Cate, " 

How ofte he knocked at her klycked gate, 

Wliat Kholde I tell more of his rebaudrye ? 
I «as ashamed bo to here hym prate : 

He had no pleasure but in hiirlotryu. 
Ay, quod be, in the deuylles date, 
Wbat art tliou? I sftwe tb^ nowe but late. 

FdRolhe, quod I, in ihia courle I dwell nowe. 

Welcome, quod Ryole, I make God auowe. 

*iMl.syr, in faylb why oomste not vs amonge, 

Ttt make the raery, as other felowes done ? » 

I riion muste swere ana stare, man, a1 diiya longe, 

Anil nuke all nygbte, and slepe tyll it bn none ; 

' 'I'liou inaysle not studye, or muse on the moiie ; 


, This worlde is nothyiige but ele, drynke, and glepe, 
I And thus with ts good comgianj lo ke)re. 

Plucke vp lliyne herte vpon a mery pyne, 
And lete vb laugh a plaeke or iweyne at n»l«i 

What the deuyll, man, myrllie was neuer one! 
What, loo, man, see htre of dyee a bale 1 
A brydelynge cast* for that is in thy malel ■■ 

Now haut! at all that lyelh vpon the borde ! 

Fye on this dyce, they bt not worth a Inrdel ' 

Qaue at the hasarde, or at iIib doaen browne, 
Or els I pas a peny to a puunde i 

Now, wolde to God, thou wolde leye money downe ' 
Lorde, bow that I wolde caate it full roundel 
Ay, in my pouche a hackell I liaue tounde! 

The armes of Calycc, I haue nocoyoe norcroase' 

I am not happy, I renne ay on the losse. 

Now renne musle I to the etewys syde, * 

To wete yf Mulkyn, my lemman, haue ge'" 

I lete her to byre, that men maye on ber ryde, 
Her arraes tasy ferre and nere is sougbte; 
By Goddis sydea, syns 1 her Ibyder brought*' 
She hath gote me more money with her layle 
Than hath some ehyppe that into Bordews aayl^ 

iplaeke] Marsho'a ed. " plucke," — perhaps tho right nt** 


lad I as good an hors as she is a mare, 
I durst auenture to iourney through Fraunce ; 

Vho rydeth on her, he nedeth not to care, 
For she is trussed for to breke a launce ; 4w 
It is a curtel that well can wynche and praunce : 

To her wyll I nowe all my pouerte lege ; 

^nd, tyll I come, haue here is myne hat to 


Grone is this knaue, this rybaude foule and leude ; 

He ran as fast as euer that he myglite : 
Vnthryftynes in hyra may well be shewed. 

For whome Tyborne groneth both daye and 

And, as I stode and kyste asyde my syghte, 
Bysdayne I sawe with Dyssymulacyon 
Standynge in sadde communicacion. «m 

But there was poyntynge and noddynge with the 
And many wordes sayde in secrete wyse ; 
They wandred ay, and stode styll in no stede : 
Me thoughte, alwaye Dyscymular dyde deuyse ; 
Me passynge sore myne herte than gan agryse,* 
I dempte and drede theyr talkynge was not 

inone Dyscymular came where I stode. 

1 agiffte] Eds. ** aryse.'* See notes. 


Thftii in (lis iiode I sawe itiere faces tweynej 
That one was lene and l^ke a pyned goost, 

That other loked as he walde me hnue ^layne 
And to me warde ae he gun for to coost^ 
Whan that he was euen at me alinoosC, 

I sawe a kiiyfe hyd in liis one sleue, 

WheroQ wa« wryten tliis worde, J^seheitii 

layne i *■ 


And in his other sleue, me thought, I s 
A spone of golde, full of hony swele, 

To fede a fole, and far to preue a dawe ; 
And on that sleue these wordes were wrete, 
Afaht ahstracte eonietkfrom afais concrett! 

His hode was syde, his cope was rosel graye ; *• 

Thyae were the wordes that he lo me dyde eaye. 


How do ye, mayster ? ye lolie so soberly : ''*''^H 

Aa I be saiiiid at llie dredefull daye, "H 

It is a perylous vyce, this enuy: 

Alas, a connyiige man ne dnette mays 
In no place well, but foles with hym frayel 
But as for that, connynge hath no foo 
Salle hym that nought can, Scrypmre snyth soo. 

I knowe your Terto and your lyttemture 

By that lylel connynge that I haue : « 

Ye he malygned sore, I you ensure ; 
But ye haue ci-afie your sell'e ahvaye to saue: 
It is grele acorne io se a mysprouJe knaue 


Willi a clerke tbat conujnge is to pi'aie : 

Lela llieym go luw^e the^m, in the deuyllcd dale ! 

For all be it tliat this longe not to isg, 
Ye! on my backs 1 bure auclie k-wde ilelynge ; 

Hjghle now I spake with one, I trowe, I sue ; 
Bui, wlial, a straws ! I niaye not tell all tliynge. 
By God, I saye there is grele herte brennynge 

Belwena lh« persone ye wole of, yoli i «i 

Aias, I coude not dele so with a Jew 1 

I wolJe eche man were as playne as I ; 
It ii s, woi'lde, I saye, to here of some i 

IhalB this faynynge, t'ye vpOQ it, fye ! 
A man can itoi woie where to be come: 
Iwys I coude tell, — but huralery, home ; 

I dure not speke, we be so luyde awayte, 

For all our courts is fijll of dyacuyte. <" 

Now, by saynle Fraunceys, that holy man and 

I liaie these wayes agayne you thnt they lake 
Were I as you, I wolde ryde them full nere ; 
And, by my troulhe, but yf an eiide they make, 
Yet Hy!l I saye some wordea tor your saJte, 
That shall them aiigre, I holde thereon a grate ; 
For Bome shall wena be banged by the Ihrote. 

I hue a stoppynge oyster in my poke, 
Tnisle me, and yf it come to a nede : 

I ben 

H It fcfc ; aad OM* arU Am vok 

HMd ykt, wl wnae diji Ijtj 

A no mui v«n niTseaafcotei 
M that ihail it «e« or nd^ 
IB M be iodytentitK, 
jjhwteiM'wrfalwhi iji^e jothp 

ajro it i« maier in d«de, 

t,»JW*8 JB ifiial fe lie reaj^wc 

j]i» niAM Iht Bowyt of i 


iFor, ^flhnd not quyckely fledde (ho louche, 
I He had plucle oute the noblea of my punche. 

He WM IrniBed in a garmetHe slrayle ; 

I haue not aene aucht; an others |iiige ; 
Fnr h« coadn well vpon a caskt-t wiiyie j 

His hode ull pounsed ami garded lyke u cage ; 

Lygble lyrne fynger, he toke none oilier vuge. 
Hnrken, quod he, loo here rayne horide in iliyne j 
To vs ndconie tliou arte, by euynie Qaynlynu. "i 


Bal, hy that Lorde ihat is one, two, and thre, 
IliHue an errande to roundu in your ere ; 

H« loldt me so, by G™], ye maye truale me, 
Panu' remeinbre wlian ye were there, 
Thew I wynked on you, — wote ye not where? 

In A ho), I mfine Juxta B : 

Woo is hym that is blynde and raaye not see 1 

Bui la here tlie subtylte and tlie crafte, 
■Aa 1 fliall tell you, yf'ye wyllharkeagajne ;•« 

^i, wimn I sttwe the horsons woliia you hafie, 
Toliolde myne honde, by God, I had gvele 

For forihwyiji iheve I had him slayne. 

But tlini I di-ede mordre wolde come oute : 

Wliodeletliwith shreweahalh nede to loke abouie 

'PiU-ii] Qy. ■■I'lirdo" (?ui-ditu— insoQth)? 



And aa he rounded thus in myne ere 
Of false collusyon confetryd by assente, 

Me thoughte, I see lewde felawes here and there 
Came for to slee me of mortall entente ; »^ 
And, as they came, the shypborde faste I hente, 

And thoughte to lepe ; and euen with that woke, 

Caughte penne and ynke, and wrote thys lytyH 

I wolde therwith no man were myscontente; 

Besechynge you that shall it see or rede. 
In euery poynte to be indyfferente, 

Sy th all in substaunce of slumbrynge doth prcr 
cede : 

I wyll not saye it is mater in dede. 
But yet oftyme suche dremes be founde trewe : 
Now constrewe ye what is the resydewe. 

ThiLs endeth the Bowge of CaurU* 





Pla ce bo, 

Who is there, who? 
Di le oci, 
Dame Margery ; 
Fa, re, my, my, 
Wherfore and why, why ? 
For the sowle of Philip Sparowe, 
That was late slayn at Carowe, 
Among the Nones Blake, 
For that swete soules sake, ii 

And for all sparowes soules, 
Set in our bederoUes, 
Pater noster qui, 
With an Ave Mari, 
And with the corner of a Crede, 
The more shalbe your mede. 
Whan I remember agayn 
How mi Philyp was slayn, 

*From the ed. by Kele, n. d., collated with thatby Kitson, 
^* i (which in some copies is said to be printed by Weale,) 
•^^dwithMarshe's ed. of Skelton's Wovkes, 1568. 


Neuer h life the payne 
Was betwene you twayne, 
Pyramus and Thesbe, 
As than befell to me : 
I wept and I wayled, 
The tearys downe hayled ; 
But nothynge it auayled 
To call Piiylyp agayne, 
Whom Gyb our cat hath slayne. 

Gib, I saye, our cat 
Worrowyd her on that 
Which I loued best : 
It can not be exprest 
My sorrowfull heuynesse, 
But all without redresse; 
For within that stounde, 
Halfe slumbrynge, in a sounde 
I fell downe to the grounde. 

Vnneth I kest myne eyes 
Towarde the cloudy skyes : 
But whan I dyd beholde 
My sparow dead and colde, 
No creatuer but that wolde 
Haue rewed vpon me, 
To behold and se 
What heuynesse dyd me pange ; 
Wherewith my handes I wrange. 
That my senaws cracked, 
As though I had been racked. 


So payned and so strayned, 
That no lyfe wellnye remaynerl. 

I syghed and I sobbed, so 

For that I was robbed 
Of my sparowes lyfe. 
O mayden, wydow, and wyfe, 
Of what estate ye be, 
Of hye or lowe degre. 
Great sorowe than ye rayght se 
And lerne to wepe at me 1 
Such paynes dyd me frete, 
That myne hert dyd bete, 
My vysage pale and dead, •• 

Wanne, and blewe as lead ; 
The panges of hatefull death 
Wellnye had stopped my breath. 

Heu^ heu, me. 
That I am wo for th^ ! 
Ad Dominum, cum trihvlarer, clamavi • 
Of God nothynge els craue I 
But Phyllypes soule to kepe 
From the marees deepe 
Of Acheron tes well, * 

That is a flode of hell ; 
And from the great Pluto, 
The prynce of endles wo ; 
And from foule Alecto, 
With vysage blacke and bio ; 
And from Medusa, that mare, 
That lyke a fende doth stare : 


And from Megeras eddera, 

For rufflynge of Phillips fethers, 

And from her fyry sparklynges, 

For burnynge of his wynges ; 

And from the smokes sowre 

Of Proserpinas bowre ; 

And from the dennes darke, 

Wher Cerberus doth barke, 

Whom Theseus dyd afraye, 

Whom Hercules dyd outraye, 

As famous poetes say ; 

From that hell hounde, 

That lyeth in cheynes bounde, 

With gastly hedes thre, 

To Jupyter pray we 

That Phyllyp preserued may be ! 

Amen, say ye with me ! 

Do mi nus, 
Helpe no we, swete Jesus ! 
Levavi oculos meos in monies : 
WolJe God I had Zenophontes, 
Or Socrates the wyse, 
To shew me their deuyse, 
Moderatly to take 
This so row that I make 
For Phyllip Sparowes sake ! 
So feruently I shake, 
I fele my body quake ; 
So vrgently I am brought 
Into carefull thought. 


Like An dromach, Hectors wyfe, 

Was werj of her lyfe, 

Whan she had lost her ioye, no 

Noble Hector of Troye ; 

In lyke raaner also 

Encreaseth my dedly wo, 

For my sparowe is go. 

It was so prety a fole, 
It wold syt on a stole, 
And lerned after my scole 
For to kepe his cut, 
With, Phyllyp, kepe your cut ! 

It bad a veluet cap, lao 

And wold syt vpon my lap, 
And seke after small wormes. 
And soratyme white bred crommes ; 
And many tymes and ofte 
Betwene my brestes softe 
It wolde lye and rest ; 
It was propre and prest. 

Somtyme he wolde gaspe 
Whan he sawe a waspe ; 
A fly or a gnat, i«o 

He wolde flye at that ; 
And prytely he wold pant 
Whan he saw an ant ; 
Lord, how he wolde pry 
After the butterfly I 
Lorde, how he wolde hop 
After the gressop ! 
VOL. I. 5 


And whan I sayd, Phyp, Phyp, 
Than he wold lepe and skyp, 
And take me by the lyp. 
Alas, it wyll me slo, 
That Phillyp is gone me fro ! 

Sin in i qui ta tes 
Alas, I was euyll at ease ! 
De pro fun dis da ma vi. 
Whan I sawe my sparowe dye ! 

Nowe, after my dome, 
Dame Sulpicia at Rome, 
Whose name regystered was 
For euer in tables of bras, 
Because that she dyd pas 
In poesy to endyte, 
And eloquently to wryte, 
Though she wolde pretende 
My sparowe to commende, 
I trowe she coude not amende 
Reportynge the vertues all 
Of my sparowe royall. 

For it wold come and go, 
And fly so to and fro ; 
And on me it wolde lepe 
Whan I was aslepe, 
And his fetliers shake. 
Wherewith he wolde make 
Me often for to wake, 
And for to take him in 
Vpon my naked skyn ; 



God wot, we thought no syn : 

What though he crept so lowe ? 

It was not hurt, I trowe, »» 

He dyd nothynge perde 

But syt vpon my kne : 

Phyllyp, though he were nyse, 

In him it was no vyse ; 

Phyllyp had leue to go 

To pyke my lytell too ; 

Phillip myght be bolde 

And do what he wolde ; 

Phillip wolde seke and take 

All the flees blake « 

That he coulde there espye 

With his wanton eye. 

jpe ra, 
La, soil, fa, fa, 

Conjitebor tibi, Domme, in toU .orde meo. 
Alas, I wold ryde and go 
A thousand myle of grounde ! 
If any such might be found. 
It were worth an hundreth pound 
Of kynge Cresus golde, iso 

Or of Attains the olde, 
The ryche prynce of Pargame, 
Who so lyst the story to se. 
Cadmus, that his syster sought. 
And he shold be bought 
For golde and fee, 
He shuld ouer the see, 


To wele if lie coulile bryngo 

Auy ol' tlie ofsprynge, 

Or any of [be blotle. 

But wlioso VDUersttKle 

Of Medeas arle, 

I woUIe I bad a parte 

Of her cnifly magyke ! 

My Bpnrowe than shuld be qujoke 

With a clianue or twayne, 

A.n(l playe with me aguyne. 

But all this is in vayne 

Thus for to complayne. 

I loke my sampler onfis, 
Of purpose, for the nones, 
To sowe with elytchis of ayike 
My apaTOW whyle as inyike, 
That by reprefientacyon 
Of his image and facyon, 
To me it myght iraporte 
Some pleasure and comforte 
For my sohta and sporte : 
But whan I was sowing his beke. 
Met bought my apai-ow did spoke. 
And opened his prety hyll, 
Saynge, Muyde, ye are in wyll | 
Agaynn me for to kyll, 
Te pijclkS mt; in the head! 
With that my nedle wiixed red, 
Methought, ot Phylljpa blode; 
Myne hmr ijght vjj=iudc, 


And was in suche a fray, 

My specbe was taken away. 

I kest downe that there was, am 

And sayd, Alas, alas, 

How commeth tins to pas ? 

My fyngers, dead and colde, 

Coude not my sampler holde ; 

My nedle and threde 

I threwe away for drede. 

The best now that I maye, 

Is for his soule to pray : 

A porta inferi, 

Good Lorde, haue mercy w 

Vpon my sparowes soule, 

Wry ten in my bederoule ! 

Au di vi vo cent, 
Japhet, Cam, and Sem, 
Ma gniji cat, 
Shewe me the ryght path 
To the hylles of Armony, 
Wherfore the birdes ^ yet cry 
Of your fathers bote. 

That was sometyme aflote, aso 

And nowe they lye and rote ; 
Let some poetes wryte 
Deucalyons flode it hyght : 
But as verely as ye be 
The naturall sonnes thre 

1 birdes] So other eds. Kele's ed. " hordes," which, per- 
laps, is the right reading. See notes. 


Of Noe the patryarke, 

That made that great arke, 

Wherin he had apes and owles, 

Beestes, byrdes, and foules, 

That if ye can fynde * 

Any of my sparowes kynde, 

God send the soule good rest ! 

I wolde haue yet a nest 

As prety and as prest 

As my sparowe was. 

But my sparowe dyd pas 

All the sparows of the wode 

That were syns Noes flode. 

Was neuer none so good ; 

Kynge Phylyp of Macedony *" 

Had no such Phylyp as I, 

No, no, syr, hardely. 

That vengeaunce I aske and erye, 
By way of exclamacyon, 
On all the hole nacyon 
Of cattes wylde and tame ; 
Grod send them sorowe and shame ! 
That cat specyally 
That slew so cruelly 

My lytell pi*ety sparowe * 

That I brought vp at Carowe. 

O cat of carlvshe kvnde, 
Tho fynde Wi\s in thy mynde 
Whan thou my bynle vntwynde ! 
1 woKi thou haddest ben blynde I 


The leopardes sauage, 

The lyons in theyr rage, 

Myght catche th^ in theyr pawes, 

And gnawe the in theyr iawes I 

The serpen tes of Lybany «« 

Myght stynge th6 venymously ! 

The dragones with their tonges 

Might poyson thy lyuer aud longes ! 

The mantycors of the mountaynes 

Myght fede them on thy braynes ! 

Melanchates, that hounde 
That plucked Acteon to the grounde, 
Gaue hym his mortall wounde, 
Chaunged to a dere, 

The story doth appere, soo 

Was chaunged to an harte : 
So thou, foule cat that thou arte. 
The selfe same hounde 
Myght the confounde, 
Tliat his owne lord bote, 
Myght byte asondre thy throte ! 

Of Inde the gredy grypes 
Myght tere out all thy try pes ! 
Of Arcady the beares 

Might plucke awaye thyne eares ! sio 

The wylde wolfe Lycaon 
Byte asondre thy backe bone ! 
Of Ethna the brennynge hyll. 
That day and night brenneth styl 
Set in thy tayle a blase, 

I'liyi.i.vp srAROwK. 

Tliftl iill [lie world may gase 

AiiJ woniler Tpon l)iii, 

From Occyan ihe gj-eate se 

Vnto the lies of Orchady, 

From Tyllbery fery 

To ibe playne of SnI jabery I 

So trayterously my byrde lo kyll 

That neuer ouglit the euyll wyll I 

Was neuer byrde in cage 
More gentle of corage 
In doynge his homage 
Vnto bia Bouerayiie. 
Aliis, I say agayne, 
Deth liath (Imparled vs twaynel 
The false cat hatb th6 slayne : 
Farewell, Pbyllyp, adew ! 
Our Lorde thy sonle reskew I 
Farewell without restore, 
Farewell for euermore ! 
And it were a Jewe, 
It wolde make one rew, 
To se my Borow new. 
Tbejte vylanous false cattes 
Were made for rayse andratlesi 
And not for byrdos smale. ' 
Alas, my face waxeth pale, 
Tellynge this pyieyus lale, 
How uiy byrde so layre, 
Thai was wont lo repayre, 
■ And go in at my sjiayre, 


And crepe in at my gore ^ 
Of my gowne before, 
Flyckerynge with his wynges ! 
Alas, my hert it stynges, 
Remembrynge prety thynges ! aso 

Alas, myne hert it sleth 
My Phyllyppes dolefull deth, 
Whan I reinembre it, 
How pretely it wolde syt, 
Many tymes and ofte 
Vpon my fynger aloft ! 
I played with him tyttell tattyll. 
And fed him with my spattyl. 
With his byll betwene my lippes ; 
It was my prety Phyppes ! sso 

Many a prety kusse 
Had I of his swete musse ; 
And now the cause is thus, 
That he is slayne me fro. 
To my great payne and wo. 
A Of fortune this the chaunce 
Standeth on varyaunce : 
Oft tyme after pleasaunce 
Trouble and greuaunce ; 
No man can be sure iw 

AH way to haue pleasure : 

^Kitson's ed.; 

" And often at my spayre 
And gape in at my gore.^* 


As well perceyue ye maye 
How my dysport and play 
From me was taken away 
By Gyb, our cat sauage, 
That in a furyous rage 
Caught Phyllyp by the head, 
And slew him there starke dead. 

Kyrie^ eleison, 

Christe, eleison, 

Kyrie^ eleison ! 
For Phylyp Sparowes soule, 
Set in our bederoUe, 
Let vs now whysper 
A Pater nosier. 

Lauda, anima mea, Domtnum ! 
To wepe with me loke that ye come, 
All manner of byrdes in your kynd ; 
Se none be left behynde. 
To mornynge loke that ye fall 
With dolorous songes funerall, 
Some to synge, and some to say, 
Some to wepe, and some to pray, 
Euery byrde in his laye. 
The goldfynche, the wagtayle ; 
The ianglynge iay to rayle. 
The fleckyd pye to chatter 
Of this dolorous mater ; 
And robyn redbrest, 
He shall be the preest 
The requiem masse to synge, 

pftly wnrLelynge, 

IVilli helpo of iLe red isparow, 

And the cliadiynge swallow, 

Tliis herse for to halow ; 

The larke with hia longe to ; 

The spynke, and the martynet also; 

The shouelar with his hrode bck ; 

The doterell, thai folyshe pek, 

And aUo the mad L-oule, 

With a baldG fuue to tuole ; 

The feldefare, and the snyiej 
The crowe, and the kyle ; 
The rauyn, called Rolle, 
His piajne songe to Bolfe; 
The partryche, the quayle ; 
The plouer with vs lo wayle; 
The woodliacke, that syrigeth chur 
Horsly, as he had ihe mur; 
The lusty chauntyng njghtyngale ; 
The popyngay to tell her lale, 
That toielh oft in a gliisse, 
Slial rede the Gospell at ma.sse ; 
The mauys with her whystell 
Shal rede there the pysttll. 
But with a large aud a longe 
To kepe iust playne songe, 
Our chauntera shalbe the euckoue, 
The culucr, ihe atockedowue, 
With puwyt the lapwyng, 
The versydes bhali syng. 


The bitter with his bumpe, 
The crane with his trumpe, 
The swan of Menander, 
The gose and the slander, 
The ducke and the drake, 
Shall "vatche at this wake ; 
The pecocke so prowde, 
Bycause his voyce is lowde, 
And hath a glorious tayle, 
He shall syng the grayle ; 
The owle, that is so foule, 
Must helpe vs to houle ; 
The heron so gaunce, 
And the cormoraunce, 
"With the fesaunte, 
And the gaglynge gaunte, 
And the churlysshe chowgh ; 
The route and the kowgh ; 
The barnacle, the bussarde, 
With the wilde n)allarde ; 
The dyuendop to slepe ; 
The water hen to wepe ; 
The puffin and the tele 
Money they shall dele 
To poore folke at large, 
That shall be theyr charge ; 
The semewe and the tytmose ; 
The wodcocke with the longe nose ; 
The threstyl with her warblyng ; 
The starlyng with her brabljng ; 


The roke, with the ospraye 
That putteth fy sshes to a fraye ; 
And the denty eurltJwe, 
With the turtyll most trew. 

At this Placebo 
We may not well forgo 
The countrynge of the coe : 
The storke also, 

That maketh his nest 47t 

In chymneyes to rest ; 
Within tliose walles 
No broken galles 
May there abyde 
Of cokoldry syde, 
Of els phylosophy 
Maketh a great lye. 

The estryge, that wyll eate 
An horshowe so great, 
In the stede of meate, w 

Such feruent heat 
His stomake doth freat ; 
He can not well fly, 
Nor synge tunably, 
Yet at a brayde 
He hath well assayde 
To solfe aboue ela, 
Ga,^ lorell, fa, fa ; 

-A^ quando «m 

Jdcde cantando, 

1 Ga] Marshe's ed. " Fa." 


The best that we can, 
To make hym our belman, 
And let hyin ryng the bellys ; 
He can do nothyng ellys. 

Chaunteclere, our coke, 
Must tell what is of the clocke 
By the ostrology 
That he hath naturally 
Conceyued and cought, 
And was neuer tought 
By Albumazer 
The astronomer, 
Nor by Ptholomy 
Prince of astronomy, 
Nor yet by Haly ; 
And yet he croweth dayly 
And nightly the tydes 
That no man abydes. 
With Partlot his hen. 
Whom now and then 
Hee plucketh by the hede 
Whan he doth her trede. 

The byrde of Araby, 
That potencyally 
May neuer dye, 
And yet there is none 
But one alone ; 
A phenex it is 
This herse that must blys 
With armatycke gummes 


That cost great summes, 

Th^ way of thurify cation 

To make a fumigation, 

Swete of reflary,* 

And redolent of eyre, 

This corse for to sence 

With greate reuerence, 

As patryarke or pope 

In a blacke cope ; 

Whyles ^ he senseth [the herse], » 

He shall synge the verse, 

Libera me, 

In de, la, soil, re, 

Softly bemole 

For my sparowes soule. 

Plinni sheweth all 

In his story naturall 

What he doth fynde 

Of the phenyx kynde ; 

Of whose incyneracyon S4i 

There ryseth a new creacyon 

Of the same facyon 

Without alteracyon, 

Sauyng that olde age 

Is turned into corage 

Of fresshe youth agayne ; 

This matter trew and playne. 

^ejlary] Qy. "reflayre? '» 

^hyleSj &c.] So, perhaps, Skclton wrote: the line is in*- 
rfect in eds. 


Plrtxne waner indede. 
Who s*^ h>t to n^e, 

Um lor the o^rU* doih flje 

Tii;^ *\arro :o demoAne, 

To ;;>AK"*!i ;i:eni ::«'>r ondTBall; 

r:-r> >,'.x'." :K>,ir.-^ tsor; j^i sCtH 
>. . . » .-.v'^^ .-.\ai'- ai.-:»^ 

^ -t :-i- ^r*:^;; 

- -^Mu. f^ Jl IM — 


Fa, fa, fa, my, my. 

Credo videre bona Domini, 
I pray God, Phillip to heuen may fly ! sso 
Domine, exaudi orationem meam ! 
To heuen he shall, from heuen he cam ! 

Do mi nus vo bis cum ! 
Of al good praiers God send him sum ! 

Deus, cui proprium est misereri et parcere, 
On Phillips soule haue pyte ! 
For he was a prety cocke. 
And came of a gentyll stocke. 
And wrapt in a maidenes smocke, sso 

And cherysshed full dayntely, 
Tyll cruell fate made him to dy : 
Alas, for dolefull desteny ! 
But whereto shuld I 
Lenger morne or crye ? 
To Jupyter I call. 
Of heuen emperyall. 
That Phyllyp may fly 
Aboue the starry sky, 

To treade the prety wren, «« 

That is our Ladyes hen : 
Amen, amen, amen ! 

Yet one thynge is behynde, 
That now commeth to mynde ; 
An epytaphe I wold haue 
For Phyllyppes graue : 
But for I am a mayde, 
TOL. I. 6 


Tymerous, halfe afrayde, 

That neuer yet asayde 

Of Elyconys well, ™ 

Where the Muses dwell ; 

Though I can rede and spell, 

Recounte, reporte, and tell 

Of the Tales of Caunterbury, 

Some sad storyes, some mery 

As Palamon and Arcet, 

Duke Theseus, and Partelet ; 

And of the Wyfe of Bath, 

That worketh moch scath 

Whan her tale is tolde 

Amonge huswyues bolde, 

How she controlde 

Her husbandes as she wolde, 

And them to despyse 

In the homy ly est wyse, 

Brynge other wyues in thought 

Their husbandes to set at nought* 

And though that rede haue I 

Of Gawen and syr Guy, 

And tell can a great pece 

Of the Golden Flece, 

How Jason it wan, 

Lyke a valyaunt man ; 

Of Arturs rounde table, 

With his knightes commendable, 

And dame Gaynour, his quene. 

Was somewhat wanton, I wene ; 


How syr Launcelote de Lake 

Many a spere brake 

For his ladyes sake ; 64o 

Of Trystram, and kynge Marke, 

And al the hole warke 

Of Bele Isold his wyfe, 

For whom was moch stryfe ; 

Some say she was lyght, 

And made her husband knyght 

Of the comyne hall, 

That cuckoldes men call ; 

And of syr Lybius, 

Named Dysconius ; «o 

Of Quater Fylz Amund, 

And how they were sommonde 

To Rome, to Charlemayne, 

Vpon a great payne, 

And how they rode eche one 

On Bayarde Mountalbon ; 

Men se hym now and then 

In the forest of Arden : 

What though I can frame 

The story es by name «« 

Of Judas Machabeus, 

And of Cesar Julious ; 

And of the loue betwene 

Paris and Vyene ; 

And of the duke Hannyball, 

That made the Romaynes all 

X'ordrede and to quake ; 

How Scipion dyd wake 


The cvtve of Cartajre, 
Which by his vnmerciful rage 
He bete down to the grounde : 
And though I can expounde 
Of Hector of Troye, 
That was all thejr ioye, 
Whom Achvlles slew, 
Whertbre all Troy dyd rew 
And of the loue so bote 
That made Trovlus to dote 
Vpon fay re Cressyde, 
And what they wrote and sayd. 
And of theyr wanton wylles 
Pandaer bare the bvlles 


From one to the other ; 
His maisters loue to further, 
Somtyme a presyous thyng. 
An ouche, or els a ryng ; 
From her to hvm asravn 
Somtymo a preiy chayn, 
Or a braoi^Iet of her here, 
Pnivd Trovlus for to were 
That token for her sake ; 
How hariolv ho dvd it take, 

« » 

And nuxMio iher^^f dvd make 


And all that was in vavne. 
For she dvd but favne ; 
The storv telleih plavne. 
He eouKle not oprayne, 
Thouirii his taiher were a kyng, 
Vet li.ere w:\s a ihvns 



That made the male to wryng; wo 

She made him to syng 

The song of louers lay ; 

Musyng nyght and day, 

Mournynge all alone, 

Comfort had he none. 

For she was quyte gone ; 

Thus in conclusyon. 

She brought hira in abusyon ; 

In ernest and in game 

She was moch to blame ; nt 

Disparaged is her fame. 

And blemysshed is her name. 

In maner half with shame ; 

Troylus also hath lost 

On her moch loue and cost, 

And now must kys the post ; 

Pandara, that went betwene. 

Hath won nothing, I wene. 

But lyght for somer grene ; 
Yet for a speciall laud 

He is named Troylus baud, 
Of that name he is sure 
^^hyles the world shall dure : 

Though I remembre the fable 
Of Penelope most stable 
To her husband most trew, 
"Yet long tyme she ne knew 
Whether he were on lyue or ded ; 
Tier wyt stood her in sted, 



That she was true and ioat * 

For ar.v bodelv lost 

To Uiixes her make. 

And neaer wold him tbrsake : 

Ot 3Lin.ni5 iLvreuIIos 
A prcees I coald tell ts ; 
And ot Anreocos ; 
And oc Jo!?erha> 

And ot" >Ianio«*h«ea5» 
And ot irrva: Aiisueniss. 
And ot Vcsoa his qaeene. 
Whom he ror^^ke with teenCiy 
And ot Hester h£> other wyfe, 
Wkh whom he ledd a plesaant life ; 
Or kvn^ Alexander ; 
And ot kvrd: Eaander; 
At:d or* Forcena liie great, 
Tha: rjiivie :he Roauivas to si 

Tboujil: I haiie er.roli 
A thousiir i nrw ar.i old 
0:*:hc?<: hisioriocs t:iles.» 
To fvll Ic^^-rts a::d m;\les 
W::h loixe> :r.a: I haue red, 
Yc: I am rocr.vr.z >c»ed. 

« '^ fc 

O: O:^} i or V:r;^v::. 

Or c: F:-: Arkr^" 

Or Fn;u:vys Fcrr.irke, 


Alcheus or Sapho, 

Or such other poetes mo, '« 

As Linus and Homerus, 

Euphorion and Theocritus, 

AnacreoQ and Arion, 

Sophocles and Philemon, 

Pyndarus and Symonides, 

Philistion and Phorocides ; 

These poetes of auiicyente. 

They ar to diffuse for me : 

For, as I tofore haue sayd, 
I am but a yong mayd, rm 

And cannot in effect 
My style as yet direct 
With Englysh wordes elect: 
Our naturall tong is rude, 
And hard to be enneude 
With pullysshed termes lusty ; 
Our language is so rusty, 
So cankered, and so full 
Of frowardes, and so dull. 
That if I wolde apply 
To wryte ornatly, 
I wot not where to fynd 
Termes to serue my mynde 

Gowers Englysh is olde, 
-And of no value told ; 
His mater is worth gold, 
-And worthy to be enrold. 

In Chauser I am sped, 
His tales I haue red : 



Hi? mater is dt:l*rcU4ble, 
Solacious. and commen'iable ; 
Hb En^lvsh well alowed^ 
So as it is enprowed« 
For as it is en ployed. 
There is no En^rlvsh vovd. 
At those davesmoch commended. 
And now men wold haue amended 
His Englvsh, whereat they barke. 
And mar all they warke : 
Chaucer, that famus clerke. 
His termes were not darke, 
But plesaunt, easy, and playne; 
No worde he wrote in vavne. 

Also Johnn Lvdrate 
Wryteth after an hyer rate ; 
It is dyffuse to fynde 
The sentence of his mvnde. 
Yet wryteth he in his kynd, 
No man that can amend 
Tliose maters that he hath pende ; 
Yet some men fynde a faute, 
And say he wryteth to haute. 

Wherfore hold me excused 
If I haue not well perused 
Myne Englyssli halfe abused ; 
Thoufjjh it be refused, 
In worth I shall it take, 
And fewer wordes make. 

But, for my sparowes sake, 



Yet as a woman may, wb 

My wyt I shall assay 

An epytaphe to wryght 

In Latyne playne and lyght, 

Wherof the elegy 

Foloweth by and by : 

Flos volucrum formoscj vale! 

Philippe^ sub isto 

Marmore jam recubas, 

Qui mihi carus eras. 

Semper erunt nitido su 

Radiantia sidera ccelo ; 

Impressusque meo 

Pectore semper eris. 

Per me laurigerum 
JBritonum Skeltonida vatem 
ITcBc cecinisse licet 
Ficta sub imagine texta, 

Cujv^ eras * volucris, 
-Prcestanti corpore virgo ; 
Candida Nais erai, tie 

JFormosior ista Joanna est ; 
X>octa Corinnafuit, 
tSed magis ista sapit, 
Bien men souient. 

1 eras] Eds. ** eris. 




Beati im ma cu la ti in via^ 
gloriosa fcemina ! 
Now myne hole imaginacion 
And studyous medytacion 
Is to take this commendacyon 
In this consyderacion ; 
And vnder pacyent tolleracyon 
Of that most goodly mayd 
That Placebo hath sayd, 
And for her sparow prayd 
In lamentable wyse, 
Now wyll I enterpryse, 
Thorow the grace dyuyne 
Of the Muses nyne, 
Her beautye to commende, 
If Arethusa wyll send 
Me enfluence to endyie, 
And with my pen to wryte; 
If Apollo wyll prorayse, 
Melodyously it to deuyse, 
His tunable harpe stryngges 
With armonv that svnges 
Of princes and of kynges 
And of all pleasaunt thynges, 
Of lust and of delv«rht, 
Thorow his goillv mvjjht ; 
To whom be the laude ascrjbed 
That my pen hath enbybed 


With the aureat droppes, 

As verely my hope is, 

Of Thagus, that golden flod, 

That passeth all erthly good ; 

And as that flode doth pas 

Al floodes that euer was 

With his golden sandes, 

Who so that vnderstandes sso 

Cosmography, and the stremys 

And the floodes in straunge remes, 

Ryght so she doth excede 

All other of whom we rede, 

Whose fame by me shall sprede 

Into Perce and Mede, 

From Brytons Albion 

To the Towre of Babilon. 

I trust it is no shame. 
And no man wyll me blame, wo 

Though I regester her name 
In the courte of Fame ; 
For this most goodly floure. 
This blossome of fresshe coulour, 
So Jupiter me socour, 
She floryssheth new and new 
In bewte and vertew ; 
Hac claritate gemina 
gloriosa fcsmina, 

Retrihue servo tuo, vivifica me! «oo 

Labia mea laudabunt te. 

But enforsed am I 


Openly to askry, 

And to make an outcri 

Against odyous P^nui, 

That euennore wil ly, 

And say cursedly ; 

With his ledder ey, 

And chekes dry ; 

With vysage wan, 

As swarte as tan ; 

His bones crake, 

Leane as a rake ; 

His gunimes rusty 

Are full vnlusty ; 

Hys herte withall 

Bytter as gall ; 

His lyuer, his longe 

With anger is wronge ; 

His serpentes tonge 

That many one hath stonge ; 

He frowneth euer; 

He laugheth neuer, 

Euen nor morow, 

But other mennes sorow 

Causeth him to gryn 

And reioyce therin ; 

No slepe can him ciitch. 

But euer doth watch, 

He is so bete 

With malyce, and frete 

With angre and yre. 

His foule desyre 



Wyll suffre no slepe 

In his hed to crepe ; 

His foule semblaunt 

All displeasaunte ; 

Whan other ar glad, 

Than is he sad ; 

Fran tyke and mad ; 

His tong neuer styll 

For to say yll, 

Wrythyng and wringyng, 

Bytyng and styngyng ; 

And thus this elf 

Consumeth himself, 

Hymself doth slo 

Wyth payne and wo. 

This fals Enuy 

Sayth that I 

Vse great folly 

For to endyte, 

And for to wryte, 

And spend ray tyme 

In prose and ryme, 

For to expres 

The noblenes 

Of my maistres. 

That causeth me 

Studious to be ^^ 

To make a relation 

Of her commendation ; 

And there agayne 



Enuy doth complayDe, 
And hath disdajne ; 
But yet certayne 
I wyll be playne, 
And my style dreg 
To this presses. 

Kow Phebus me ken 
To sliarpe my pen, 
And lede my fyst 
As hym best lyst, 
That I may say 
Honour alway 
Of womankynd! 
Trouth doth me bynd 
And loyalte 
Euer to be 
Tlieir true bedell, 
To wryte and tell 
How women excell 
In noblenes ; 
As my maistres, 
Of whom I thvnk 
With ptMi and ynk 
For to ov>mpyle 
Some !I0ih11v stvle ; 
For this most goodly floure, 
This blossom e of fresh coloui 
8i> Jupyter me socoure. 
She I'onrissheih new and ne¥ 
In Ihwuio and verlew : 


Hac claritate gemina 

gloriosa fcemina^ 

Legem pone mihi, domina^ in viam jus- 

tificationum tuarum! 
Quemadmodum desiderat cervus ad 
fontes aquarum. 

How shall I report 
All the goodly sort 

Of her fetures clere, low 

That hath non erthly pere ? 
Her ^ fauour of her face 
Ennewed all with grace, 
Confort, pleasure, and solace, 
Myiie hert doth so enbrace, 
And so hath rauyshed me 
Her to behold and se, 
That in wordes playne 
I cannot me refrayne 
To loke on her agayne : mw 

Alas, what shuld I fayne ? 
It wer a plesaunt payne 
With her aye to remayne. 

Her eyen gray and stepe 
Causeth myne hert to lepe ; 
With her browes bent 
She may well represent 
Fay re Lucres, as I wene, 
Or els fayre Polexene, 

I Her] Qy. "The?»» 


Or els Caliope, 

Or els Penolope ; 

For this most goodly floure, 

This blossome of fresshe coloure, 

So Jupiter me socoure, 

She florisheth new end new 

In beautye and vertew : 

Hoc claritate gemma 

gloriosa foeminoy 

Memor esto verin tui servo too ! 

Servtts tuns sum ego. 

The Indy saphyre blew 
Her vaynes doth ennew ; 
The orient perle so clere, 
The whytnesse of her lere ; 
The * lusty ruby ruddes 
Resemble the rose buddes ; 
Her lyppes soft and mery 
Emblomed lyke the chery, 
It were an heuenly blysse 
Her sugred mouth to kysse. 

Her beautye to augment. 
Dame Nature hath her lent 
A warte vpon her cheke, 
Who so lyst to seke 
In her vvsaore a skar, 
That seraylh from afai 
Lyke to the radyant star, 
All with fauour fret, 

1 Thf] Qy. "Her?** 


So properly it is set : 

She is the vjolet, mm 

The daysj delectable, 

The columbine coindiendable, 

The ielofer amyable ; 

[For] ^ this most goodly floure, 

This blossom of fressh colour, 

So Jupiter me succour, 

She florysheth new and new 

In beaute and vertew : 

Hoc claritate gemina 

gloriosa fcemina, ic« 
Bonitatem fecisti cum servo tuo, domina, 

Et ex prcBcordiis sonant prceconia I 

And whan I perceyued 
Her wart and conceyued, 
It cannot be denayd 
But it was well conuayd, 
And set so womanly. 
And nothynge wantonly, 
But ryght conuenyently, 
And full congruently, i«Ta 

As Nature cold deuyse. 
In most goodly wyse ; 
Who so lyst beholde. 
It makethe louers bolde 
To her to sewe for grace, 
Her fauoure to purchase ; 

1 [For J Compare w. 989, 1022, 1083, 1107, &o. 

VOL. I. 7 


The sker upon her chyn, 

Eiihached on her fay re tikyn, 

Whyter than the swan, 

It wold make any man 

To forget deadly syn 

Her fauour to wyn ; » 

For this most goodly floure, 

This blossom of fressh colon re, 

So Jupiter me soconre, 

She flouryssheth new and new 

In beaute and vertew : 

Hac clarltate gemina 

gloriosa f(£mina, 

Defecit in sahUatione tua^ anima mea; ^ 

Quid petis Jilio, mcUer dulcisstmaf baba ^ 

Soft, and make no dyn. 
For now I wyll begyn 
To haue in remembraunce 
Her goodly dalyaunce, 
And her goodly pastaunce : 
So sad and so demure, 
Behauynge her so sure. 
With wordes of pleasure 
She wold make to the lure »»- 

And any man conuert 
To gyue her his hole hert. 

^ salutadone iua] Eds. "siilutare tuum" and "salutal 
'^baha] Eds. "baba." 


She made me sore amased 

Vpon her whan I gased, 

Me thought rain hert was erased, 

My eyne were so dased ; 

For this most goodly flour, 

This blossom of fressh colour, 

So Jupyter me sooour. 

She flouryssheth new and new nw 

In beauty and vertew : 

Hoc claritate gemina 

gloriosa foemina^ 

Quomodo dilexi legem tuam, domina! 
Recedant Vetera, nova sint omnia. 

And to amende her tale, 
Whan she lyst to auale. 
And with her fyngers smale, 
And handes soft as sylke, 
Whyter than the mylke, »» 

That are so quyckely vayned, 
Wherwyth my hand slie strayned, 
Lorde, how I was payned ! 
Vnneth I me refrayned. 
How she me had reclaymed, 
And me to her retayned, 
Enbrasynge therwithall 
Her goodly myddell small 
With sydes longe and streyte ; 
To tell you wliat conceyte iim 

1 had than in a tryce, 
The matter were to nyse, 
And yet tliere was no vyce, 


Nor yet no villany, 

But only fantasy ; 

For this most goodly flonre. 

This blossom of fressh coloure, 

So Jupiter me succoure, 

She floryssheth new and new 

In beaute and vertew : 

Hoc claritate gemina 

gloriosa fcemina, 

Iniquos odio hahui! 

Non calumnientur me superbi. 

But whereto shulde I note 
How often dyd 1 tote 
Vpon her prety fote ? 
It raysed myne hert rote 
To se her treade the grounde 
_ With heles short and rounde. 

She is playnly expresse 
Egeria, the goddesse, 
And lyke to her image, 
Emporiured with corage, 
A louers pylgrimage ; 
Ther is no beest sauage, 
Ne no tyger so wood, 
But she wolde chaunge his mood, 
Such relueent grace 
Is formed in her face ; 
For this most goodly floure, 
This blossorae of fresshe coloure, 
So Jupiter me succour, 


She flourysslieth new and new 
In beaute and vertew : 
Hac claritate gemina 
gloriosa fcemina, 
MiraJnlia testimonia tua ! 
Sicut novellce plantationes in juventute sua. 
So goodly as she dresses, 1170 

So properly she presses 
The bryght golden tresses 
Of her heer so fyne, 
Lyke Phebus beames shyne. 
Wherto shuld I disclose 
The garterynge of her hose ? 
It is for to suppose 
How that she can were 
Gorgiously her gere ; 

Her fresshe habylementes iiso 

"With other implementes 
To serue for all ententes, 
Lyke dame Flora, quene 
Of lusty somer grene ; 
For this most goodly floure, 
This blossom of fressh coloure. 
So Ju[)iter me socoure, 
She fiorishfcth new and new 
In beautye and vertew : 
Hoc claritate gemina iiit 

gloriosa foemina, 
Clamavi in toto corde, exaudi me ! 
Misericordia tua magna est super me* 


Her kyrtell so goodly lased, 
And ynder that is brased 
Such plasures that I may 
Neyther wryte nor say ; 
Yet though I wryte not with ynkie 
No man can let me thynke, 
For thought hath lyberte, 
Thought is franke and fre ; 
To thynke a mery thought 
It cost me lytell nor nought. 
Wolde God myne homely style 
Were pullysshed with the fyle 
Of Ciceros eloquence, 
To prase her excellence ! 
For this most goodly floure, 
This blossome of fressh coloure, 
So Jupiter me succoure, 
She flouryssheth new and new 
In beaute and vertew: 
Hew chxritate gemina 
ghriosa fcdmina^ 
Principes persecuti sunt me gratii 
Omnibus consideratis, 
Paradisus voluptatis 
Hcec virgo est dulcissima. 

My pen it is vnable, 
My hand it is vn stable, 
My reson rude and dull 
To prayse her at the full ; 
Goodly maystres Jane, 
Sobre, demure Dyane ; 


Jane this maystres hygbt 

The lode star of delyght, 

Dame Venus of all pleasure. 

The well of worldly treasure ; 

She doth excede and pas 

In prudence dame Pallas ; is» 

[For] this most goodly floure, 

This blossome of fresshe colour, 

So Jupiter me socoure, 

She floryssheth new and new 

In beaute and vertew : 

Hoc claritcUe gemina 

gloHosa foemina ! 

Requiem ceternam dona eis, Domine! 
With this psalme, Domine, probasti me, 
Shall sayle ouer the see, i«o 

With Tibi, Domine, commendamus, 
On pylgrimage to saynt Jamys, 
For shrympes, and for prayns, 
And for stalkynge cranys ; 
And where my pen hath offendyd, 

1 pray you it may be amendyd 
By discrete consyderacyon 

Of your wyse reformacyon ; 

I haue not offended, I trust, 

If it be sadly dyscust. laso 

It were no gentle gyse 

This treatyse to despyse 

Because I haue wrytten and sayd 

Honour of this fay re mayd ; 


Wherefore sbulde I be blamedy 

That I Jane Laue named, 

And famously proclamed ? 

She is worthy to be enrolde 

With letters of golde. 
Car eUe vault. 
Per me laurigerum Britonum SkeUonida v^^ — ^^ ^ 
LaudiJms extmns merito hcec redimita pue/^^- ' ^ 
Formosam cecini^ qua nonformosior uUa es^ '^'' 
Formosam potius quam commendaret Homer ■*^^' 
Sicjuvai inter dum rigidos recreare lahores. 
Nee minus hoc titulo tersa Minerva mea est 

Rien que pla^sere. 

nus endeth the hoke of Philip Sparow^ and i^^ 
fohweth an adicyon made by maister Shdtoi^^^ 

The gyse now a dayes 
Of some ianglynge iayes 
Is to discoramende 
That they cannot amend, 
Though they wold spend 
All the wyttes they haue. 

What ayle them to depraue 
Phillip Sparowes graue ? 
His Dirige, her Commendacyoo 
Can be no derogacyon, 
But myrth and consolacyon 
Made by protestaeyon, 


No man to my scon tent n» 

With Phillyppes enterement. 

Alas, that goodly mayd, 
Why shuld she be afrayde? 
Why shuld she take shame 
That her goodly name, 
Honorably reported, 
Sholde be set and sorted. 
To be matriculate 
With ladyes of estate ? 

I coniure th^, Phillip Sparow, vm 

By Hercules that hell dyd harow, 
And with a veneraous arow , 
Slew of the Epidaures 
One of the Centaures, 
Or Onocentaures, 
Or Hipocentaures ; 
By whose myght and mayne 
An hart was slayne 
AVith homes twayne 

Of glytteryng gold ; wc 

And the appels of gold 
Of Hesperides withhold. 
And with a dragon kept 
That neuer more slept, 
By marcyall strength 
He wan at length ; 
And slew Gerion 
With thre bodyes in one ; 
With myghty corage 

■•• |-»i»i"« 

- - -»-f *^5 ; 

- • . .. .-.-^^ ■* •rn. 
.? ■ _- .Tr. ■lieu ; 

1 .^. .-. V7 _ .i-Ji i rri'ie ore 


And with his frownsid fore top i«o 

Gydeth his bote with a prop : 
I coniure Phylyp, and call 
In the name of kyng Saul ; 
Primo Regum expresse, 
He bad the Phitonesse 
To wytchcraft her to dresse, 
And by her abusyons, 
And dampnable illusyons 
Of marueylus conclusyons, 
And by her superstieyons, «" 

And wonderfull condityons, 
She raysed vp in that stede 
Samuell that was dede ; 
But whether it were so, 
He were idem in numero. 
The selfe same Samuell, 
How be it to Saull dyd he tell 
The Philistinis shuld hym ascry, 
And the next day he shuld dye, 
I wyll my selfe dyscharge ""» 

To lettred men at large : 
But, Phylyp, I coniure thee 

Now by these names thre, 

Diana in the woodes grene, 

Luna that so bryght doth shene, 

Procerpina in hell. 

That thou shortly tell, 

And shew now vnto me 

What the cause may be 

Of this perplexite 1 is» 






Tell you I chyll, 
If that ye wyll 
A whyle be styll, 
Of a comely gyll 
That dwelt on a hyll : 
But she is not gryll, 
For she is somwhat sage 
And well worne in age ; 
For her vysage 

It would aswage m 

A mannes courage. 
Her lothely lere 
Is nothynge clere, 
But vgly of chere, 
Droupy and drowsy, 
Scuruy and lowsy ; 
Her face all bowsy, 

n the ed. by Kynge and ^larche of Cerfaine bokei 
' by mayster Skelton, n. d., collated with the same work, 
, n. d., and ed. Lant, n. d., with Marshe's ed. of Skel- 
yrkety 1568, and occasionally with the comparatively 
ed. of Elinovr JRummin by Ran^i, 1624. 


Comely crynklyd, 
Woundersly wrynkled, 
Lyke a rost pygges eare, 
Brystled wyth here. 

Her lewde lyppes twayne, 
They slauer, men sayne, 
Lyke a ropy rayne, 
A gummy glayre : 
She is vgly fay re ; 
Her nose somdele hoked, 
And camously croked, 
Neuer stoppynge. 
But euer droppynge ; 
Her skynne lose and slacke, 
Grained lyke a sacke ; 
With a croked backe. 

Her eyen gowndy ' 

Are full vnsowndy, 
For they are blered ; 
And she gray hered ; 
Jawed lyke a jetty ; 
A man would haue pytty 
To se how she is gumbed, 
Fyngered and thumbed, 
Gently ioynted, 
Gresed and annoynted 
Vp to the knockels ; 
The bones [of] her buck els 
Lyke as they were with buckles 
Togyther made fast : 
Her youth is farre past : 


Foted lyke a plane, 

Legged lyke a crane ; « 

And yet she wyll iet, 

Lyke a iolly fet, 

In her furred flocket, 

And gray russet rocket. 

With symper the cocket. 

Her huke of Lyncole grene, 

It had ben hers, I wene, 

More then fourty yere ; 

And so doth it apere, 

For the grene bare thredes • 

Loke like sere wedes, 

Wyddered lyke hay, 

The woll worne away ; 

And yet I dare saye 

She thynketh herselfe gaye 

Vpon the holy daye, 

Whan she doth her aray, 

And gyrdeth in her gytes 

Stytched and pranked with pletes ; 

Her kyrtel Brystow red, n 

With clothes vpon her hed 

That wey a sowe of led, 

Wrythen in wonder wyse, 

After the Sarasyns gyse, 

With a whym wham, 

Knyt with a trym tram, 

Vpon her brayne pan, 

Like an Egyptian, 


And maketh therof port sale * 
To trauellars, to tynkers, 
To sweters, to swynkers, 
And all good ale drynkers, 
That wyll nothynge spare, 
But drynke till they stare 
And brynge themselfe bare, 
With, Now away the mare, ui 

And let vs sley care. 
As wyse as an hare ! 
Come who so wyll 
To Elynour on the hyll, 
Wyth, Fyll the cup, fyll, 
And syt there by sty 11, 
Erly and late: 
Thyther cometh Kate, 
Cysly, and Sare, 

With theyr legges bare, •» 

And also theyr fete 
Hardely full vnswete ; 
Wyth theyr heles dagged, 
Theyr kyrtelles all to-iagged, 
Theyr smockes all to-ragged, 
Wyth tytters and tatters, 
Brynge dysshes and platters, 
Wyth all theyr myght runnynge 

ort«a/e] So Lant's ed. Ed. of Kynge and Marche, *' pore 
Day's ed. " poore «aZe." Marsha's ed. "poorte »ale.^ 
id's ed. " pot-sa/e.") See notes. 

^OL. I. 8 


To Elynour Rummynge, 
To haue of her tunnynge : »m 

She leneth them on the same, 
And thus begjnneth the game. 
Some wenches come vnlased. 
Some huswyues come vnbrased, 
Wyth theyr naked pappes, 
That flyppes and flappes ; 
It wygges and it ^ wagges, 
Lyke tawny saffroA bagges ; 
A sorte of foule drabbes 
All scuruy with scabbes : »«• 

Some be flybytten, 
Some skewed as a kytten ; 
Some wyth a sho clout 
Bynde theyr heddes about ; 
Some haue no herelace, 
Theyr lockes about theyr face, 
Theyr tresses vntrust, 
All full of vnlnst ; 
Some loke strawry, 

Some cawry mawry ; i« 

Full vntydy tegges, 
Lyke rotten egges. 
Suche a lewde sorte 
To Elynour resorte 
From tyde to tyde : 
Abyde, abyde, 

!/(.... it] Qy. "That .... that? 



And to you shall be tolde 
Howe hyr ale is solde 
To Mawte and to Molde. 

Secundus passus. 

Some haue no mony i« 

That thyder commy, 
For theyr ale to pay, 
That is a shreud aray ; 
Elynour swered, Nay, 
Ye shall not beare away 
My ale for nought. 
By hym that me bought ! 

With, Hey, dogge, hay, 
Haue these hogges away ! 
With, Get me a staffe, it* 

The swyne eate my drafFe ! 
Stryke the hogges with a clubbe, 
They haue dronke vp my swyllynge tubbe ! 
For, be there neuer so much prese, 
These swyne go to the hye dese. 
The sowe with her pygges ; 
The bore his tayle wrygges, 
His rumpe also he frygges 
Agaynst the hye benche ! 
With, Fo, ther is a stenche ! i* 

Gather vp, thou wenche ; 
Seest thou not what is fall? 
Take vp dyrt and all, 
And here out of the hall : 


God gyue it yll preuynge 
Clenly as yuell cheuynge ! 
But let vs turne playne, 
There we lefte agayne. 
For, as yll a patch as that, 
The hennes ron in the mashfat; 
For they go to roust 
Streyght ouer the ale ioust, 
And donge, whan it commes, 
In the ale tunnes. 
Than Elynour taketh 
The mashe bolle, and shaketh 
The hennes donge away, 
And skommeth it into a tray 
Whereas the yeest is. 
With her maungy fystis : 
And somtyme she blennes 
The donge of her hennes 
And the ale together ; 
And sayeth, Gossyp, come hyther. 
This ale shal be thvckor, 
And llowre the more quicker ; 
For I mav tell vou, 
I lenied it of a Jewe, 
Whan I began to brewe, 
And I haue founde it trew ; 
Drinke now whvle it is new ; 
And ve mav it broke. 
It shall make vou loke 
Yoniior than ve be 


Yeres two or thre, 

For ye may proue it by me ; 

Beholde, she sayde, and se 

How bryght I am of ble ! 

Ich am not cast away, 

That can my husband say, «w 

Whan we kys and play 

In lust and in lykyng ; 

He calleth me his whytyng, 

His mullyng and his mytyng,* 

His nobbes and his conny, 

His swetyng and his honny, 

With, Bas, my prety bonny, 

Thou art worth good and monny. 

This make I my falyre fonny, 

Til that he dreme and dronny ; w 

For, after all our sport. 

Than wyll he rout and snort ; 

Than swetely together we ly. 

As two pygges in a sty. 

To cease me semeth best. 
And of this tale to rest. 
And for to leue this letter. 
Because it is no better. 
And because it is no swetter ; 
We wyll no farther ryme «« 

Of it at this tyme ; 

"^y^y^ff] Eds. of Kynge and Marche, and of Lant, " nyt- 
." Day's ed. " nittinge." Marshe's ed. " nittine." (Band's 
■* mittine." ) See notes. 


But we wyll turne playne 
"Where we left agayne. 

Tertius passus, 

Instede of coyne and monny/ 
Some brynge her a conny, 
And some a pot with honny, 
Some a salt, and some a spone, 
Some theyr hose, some theyr shone ; 
Some ran a good trot 
With a skellet or a pot; 
Some fyll theyr pot full 
Of good Lemster woU : 
An huswyfe of trust. 
Whan she is athrust, 
Suche a webbe can spyn, 
Her thryft is full thyn. 

Some go streyght thyder, 
Be it slaty or slyder ; 
They holde the hye waye. 
They care not what men say, 
Be that as be maye ; 

1 Instede of coyne^ &c.] In Skelton's Worhes, 1786, the 
passage is thus exhibited: 

" Some instede ofcoine andmonny 
Will come and brynge her a conny 
Or else a pot with honni 
Some a knife and some a spone 
Some biynge their hose^ some ther shone,^* 


Some, lothe to be espyde, 
Start in at the backe syde, 
Ouer the hedge and pale, 
And all for the good ale. 

Some renne tyll they swete, 
Brynge wyth them malte or whete, 
And dame Elynour entrete 
To byrle them of the best. 

Than cometh an other gest ; «w 

She swered by the rode of rest. 
Her lyppes are so drye, 
Without drynke she must dye ; 
Therefore fyll it by and by. 
And haue here a pecke of ry. 

Anone cometh another, 
As drye as the other. 
And wyth her doth brynge 
Mele, salte, or other thynge. 
Her haruest gyrdle, her weddynge rynge, sw 
To pay for her scot 
As cometh to her lot. 
Som bryngeth her husbandes hood, 
Because the ale is good ; 
Another brought her his cap 
To offer to the ale tap, 
Wyth flaxe and wyth towe ; 
And some brought sowre dowe ; 
Wyth, Hey, and wyth, howe, 
Syt we downe a rowe, w" 

And drynke tyll we blowe, 
And pype tyrly tyrlowe ! 

Some layde to pledge 
Theyr liatchet and thtyr wedge, 
Thejr hekell and tbejr rele, 
Theyr I'ocfce, tbeyr spynnyng vi\ 
And some went so ntirrowej 
Tbey layde to pledge tbeyr whap. 
Theyi" rjbsltyn and ihejr apyndej 
Tbeyr nedell and iheyr ihyrabeU-j 
Here waa scant thiTft 
Whan tliey maJe suche abyft. 

Theyr tbrust was bo great, 
They asked neuer for mete. 
But drynke, styll dryrke, 
And let the cat wynke, 
Let TS washe our gommea 
From the drye cronimea. 

Quarlui pastas. 
Some for very nede 
layde downe a skeyne of thredef 
And some a skeyne of yarne ; 
Some brought from the bame 
Both benes and pease [ i 

Small chafftir doth ease 
Somelyme, now and than! < 

Another there was that ran 
With a good brasse pan ; 
Her colour was full wan ; 

n in all the ha?t i 

r Tnbraaed and vnlast ; ( 


Tawny, swart, and sallon-e, 
Lyke B Ciibe of lullowe ; 
1 Bwere by all ImDow, 
It was a stale to take 
The lieuyll in a brake. 

And lUun <Mtne haltyng Jone, 
And brought a gambone 
Of biikon tbat was resty : 
Bui, Irfn-de, as she was toafy. 
Angry as a waspy I 
Sbe began lo yane and gaspy, 
And bad Elynotir go bel, 
And fyll in good met ; 
It was dert! that was farre feL 

Anolber brought a spy eke 
Of a bacon flyeke ; 
Her toiige was verye quycke, 
Bui she »pake somwhut ihycke: 
Her felow did slammer and slut, 
But she was a fuule slui, 
For her mouth fomyd 
And her bely groned : 

saytie shu had ealen a fyest; 
Christ, sayde she, thou lyest, 
as ewete a bi'eth 
As thou, wylh shamfull deth I 

Than Elynour sayde. Ye calletles, 
I shall breake your palettes, 
Wythout ye now aease ! 

id su was mudti the peai^e. 


Than iLyiler came dronken AIe«i 
And gIib was full of tales, 
Of I^^Jyiigea in Wales, 
Aii>] of sainct James iu Gales, 
And of ihu Portyngales i 
Wj'tli, Lo, gossyp, I wja, 
1'hus iiuil tbus it ia, 
Tlicre batli ben great war 
Belwene Tumple Bar 
And the Croase in Cliepe, 
And tliere came an hepe 
Of mylstones in a route: 
She spekBtli tliua in her sno 
Sneuelyng in her nose, 
As thougbe she had ihe poM'd 
Lo, here is an olde tappet] 
And ye wyll gyue me a b; 
Of your stale ale, 
God sende you good ealel 
And as she was drynkynge, 
She fyll in a wynkynge 
"Wylh a barlyhood, 
She pyst where she stood; 
ThBD began she to wepe, 
And forlhwylh felt on slepe. 
Eiynour toke her vp. 
And blessed her wyib a Gup 
Of newe ale in comes ; 
Ales founde therin no thomeB, 
But supped it vp at ones, 
She founde therin no bones. 


Quinttis passus. 
Nowe in cometh another rabell ; 
Fyrst one wyth a ladell, 
Another wyth a cradell, 
And wyth a syde sadell : 
And there began a fabell, 
A clatterynge and a babell 
Of folys fylly ^ 
That had a fole wyth wylly, 
With, last you, and, gup, gylly ' *«» 

She coulde not lye stylly. 
Then came in a genet, 
And sware by saynct Benet, 
I dranke not this sennet 
A draught to my pay ; 
Elynour, I the pray, 
Of thyne ale let vs assay. 
And haue here a pylche of graj 

I were skynnes of conny, 

That causeth I loke so donny. w 

Another than dyd hyche her, 

And brought a pottel pycher, 

A tonnel, and a bottell, 

But she had lost the stoppell ; 

She cut of her sho sole. 

And stopped therwyth the hole 
Amonge all the blommer, 

Another brought a skommer, 

^fyUy] Marshe's ed. "silly." 



A fryinge pan, and a slyce ; ^ 

Elynour made the piyce 
For good ale eche whyt. 

Than sterte in mad Kyt, 
That had ly ttle wyt ; 
She semed somdele seke, 
And brought a peny cheke 
To dame Elynour, 
For a draught of lycour. 

Than Margery Mylkeducke 
Her kyrtell she did vptucke 
An ynche aboue her kne, 
Her legges that ye myght se ; 
But they were sturdy and stubbed, 
Myghty pestels and clubbed, 
As fay re and as whyte 
As the fote of a kyte : 
She was somwhat foule, 
Crokenecked lyke an oule ; 
And yet she brought her fees, 
A eantell of Essex chese 
Was well a fote thycke, « 

Full of maggottes quycke ; 
It was huge and greate, 
And myghty stronge meate 
For the deuyll to eate ; 
It was tart and punyete. 

Another sorte of sluttes, 
Some brought walnuttes, 
Some apples, some peres, 
Some brought theyr clyppynge shares. 


Some brought this and that, <« 

Some brought I wote nere what, 
Some brought theyr husbandes hat. 
Some podynges and lynkes. 
Some trypes that stynkes. 

But of all this thronge 
One came them amonge, 
She semed halfe a leche. 
And began to preche 
Of the tewsday in the weke 
Whan the mare doth keke ; «ao 

Of the vertue of an vnset leke; 
Of her husbandes breke ; 
Wyth the feders of a quale 
She could to Burdeou sayle; 
And wyth good ale barme 
She could make a charme 
To helpe wy thall a stytch . 
She semed to be a wytch. 

Another brought two goslynges, ^ 
That were noughty froslynges ; 4m 

She brought them in a wallet. 
She was a cumly callet : 
The goslenges were untyde; 
Elynour began to chyde. 
They be wretchockes thou hast brought, 
They are shyre shakyng nought ! 

Sextus passus. 

Maude Ruggy thyther skypped : 
She was vgly hypped. 


And vgly thjcke lypped, 

Lyke an onyon syded, 

Lyke tan ledder hyded : 

She had her so guyded 

Betwene the cup and the wall, 

That she was there wythall 

Into a palsey fall ; 

Wyth that her hed shaked, 

And her handes quaked : 

Ones hed wold haue aked 

To se her naked : 

She dranke so of the dregges, 

The dropsy was in her legges ; 

Her face glystryng lyke glas ; 

All i'oggy fat she was ; 

She had also the gout 

In all her ioyntes about ; 

Her breth was soure and stale. 

And smelled all of ale : 

Suche a bedfellaw 

Wold make one cast his craw ; 

But yet for all that 

She dranke on the mash fat. 

There came an old rybybe ; 
She halted of a kybe, 
And had broken her shyn 
At the threshold comyng in, 
And fell so wyde open 
That one myght se her token, 
The deuyll lliereon be wroken ! 
What nede all this be spoken? 


She yelled lyke a calfe : «o 

Ryse vp, on Gods halfe, 

Said Elynour Rummyng, 

I beshrew th^ for thy cummyDg! 

And as she at her did pluck, 

Quake, quake, sayd the duck 

In that lampatrams lap ; 

Wyth, Fy, couer thy shap 

Wyth sum flyp flap ! 

God gyue it yll hap, 

Sayde Elynour for shame, wc 

Lyke an honest dame. 

Vp she stert, halfe lame, 

And skantly could go 

For payne and for wo. 

In came another dant, 
Wyth a gose and a gant : 
She had a wide wesant ; 
She was nothynge plesant ; 
Necked lyke an olyfant ; 
It was a bullyfant, • m 

A gredy cormerant. 

Another brought her garlyke hedes ; 
Another brought her bedes 
Of iet or of cole, 
To offer to the ale pole : 
Some brought a wymble. 
Some brought a thymble. 
Some brought a sylke lace, 
Some brought a pyncase. 


Some her husbandes gowne, « 

Some a pyllow of downe, 

Some of ^ the napery ; 

And all this shyfte they make 

For the good ale sake. 

A strawe, sayde Bele, stande vtter, 
For we haue egges and butler, 
And of ^ pygeons a pay re. 

Than sterte forth a fysgygge, 
And she brought a bore pygge ; 
The fleshe therof was ranke, 
And her brethe strongly stanke, 
Yet, or she went, she dranke, 
And gat her great thanke 
Of Elynour for her ware. 
That she thyther bare 
To pay for her share. 
Now truly, to my thynkynge, 
This is a solempne drinkynge. 

Septimus passus. 

Soft, quod one, hyght Sybbyll, 
And let me wyth you bybyll. sa 

She sat downe in the place, 
With a sory face 
Whey wormed about; 

1 Some of J &c.] The line which rhymed with this has dropt 

2 And of J &c.] The line which rhymed with this has dropt 


Garnyshed was her snout 

Wyth here and there a puscull, 

Lyke a scabby d muscull. 

This ale, sayde she, is noppy ; 

Let vs syppe and soppy, 

And not spyll a droppy, 

For so mote I hoppy, «« 

It coleth well my croppy. 

Dame Elynoure, sayde she, 
Haue here is for me, 
A cloute of London pynnes ; 
And wyth that she begynnes 
The pot to her plucke, 
And dranke a good lucke ; 
She swynged vp a quarte 
At ones for her parte ; 
Her paunche was so puffed, «• 

And so wyth ale stuffed. 
Had she not hyed apace, 
She had defoyled the place. 

Than began the sporte 
Amonge that dronken sorte : 
Dame Eleynour, sayde they, 
Lende here a cocke of hey, 
To make all thynge cleane ; 
Ye wote well what we meane. 

But, syr, among all » 

That sat in that hall, 
There was a pryckemedenty, 
Sat lyke a seynty, 
VOL. I. 9 


And began to paynty, 

As thoughe she would faynty ; 

She made it as koy 

As a lege de moy ; 

She was not halfe so wyse 

As she was peuysshe nyse. 

She sayde neuer a worde, •" 

But rose from the borde, 

And called for our dame, 

Elynour by name. 

We supposed, I wys, 

That she rose to pys ; 

But the very grounde 

Was for to compounde 

Wyth Elynour in the spence. 

To pay for her expence : 

I haue no penny nor grote * 

To pay, sayde she, God wote, 

For washyng of my throte ; 

But my bedes of amber 

Be re them to vour chamber. 

Thou Elvnour dvd them hydo 

Wythin her beddes syde. 

But some than sat ryght sad 
That not hv 11 lie had 
There of theyr uwne, 

^seythor geh nor pawne ; ■• 

Sueho were there menny 
That luid not a penny, 
But, whan they <hould walke^ 

Were fnyne wjtli a clialke 
To score on tlie balke, 
Oi' score on iho lajle : 
God gyue it yll lidj-le ! 
For my l'j*iigi'i-s jttliu ; 
I liHue wryllen to tnyitiie 
Oftliis rand nmmmytige 
Of Elynour Ruramyiige. 
Thus endelli the gf^t 
p.Of tliis woi'tliy fest. 

Quod Skelton, Laurea 

Quamw'j insams, quameis 
Invide, cantamut ; kwc loca plena jocis. 
Biea men souuieiU. 

Ujieminas, qum vel nimis hihuliE sunt, vd 
he iqwaloris, atil quit spiirca J'adi- 
l verbosa loquaci(ate noluTilar, poeta 
r !s»lat ad aiidlendum kunc Hhellum, Src. 
I ^ria, squalida, sordida fiemina, prodlga verbis, 
I Hue curral, propereC, veniat.' Sua gesta libellm 
I kU volidabit : Peean sua plectra ionondo 
[ KaUriam rieua cantabil c. 

QuoJ Ski-lioj), Lav 




SiTHE ye liaue me chalyngyd, Mfaster] Garnescb^; 

Ruduly revilyng me in the kynges noble ball? 
Soche an odyr chalyngyr cowde me no man wyscli» 
But yf yt war Syr Tyrmagant that tyrnyd witli 

out nail ; ^ 
For Syr Frollo de Franko was neuer halfe so 
But sey me now, Syr Satrapas, what autoryte ye 

In your chalenge, Syr Chystyn, to cale me knaue ? 

What, haue ye kytliyd yow a knyght, Syr Dugles 
the dowty, 
So curry sly tobeknaue me in the kynges place ? 

* These Poems against Gnrnesche (now for the first time 
printed) are from a MS. in the Harleian Collection, 367 (f«J- 
101), which is in many parts scarcely legible, being written 
in a hand very diflicult to decipher, as well as being miicb 
injured by damp. 

1 wysch] So MS. seems to read. 

^ with out nall\ Seems to be the reading of MS., — "d&U" 
having been added, instead of " alle," which is drawn tbroagb 
with the pen. 

^ place\ Miglit be read perhaps " palace.'* 


Ye stronge sturdy stalyon, so sterne and stowty, w 
Ye bere yow bolde as Barabas, or Syr Terry 

of Trace ; 
Ye gyrne grymly with your gomys and with 
your grysly face. 
But sey me yet, Syr Satropas, what auctoryte ye 

tn your chalange, Syr Chesten, to calle me a 
knaue ? 

Ye fowle, fers, and felle, as Syr Ferumbras the 


Syr capten of Catywade, catacumbas of Cay re, 

Tbow ye be lusty as Syr Lybyua launces to 


Yet your contenons oncomly, your face ys nat 

fayer : 

For alle your proude prankyng, your pride may 


But sey me yet, Syr Satrapas, wat auctoryte ye 

haue so 

In your chalenge, Syr Chesten, to cal me a knaue ? 

Of Mantryble the Bryge, Malchus the murryou, 
Nor blake Baltazar with hys basnet routh as a 
Nor Lycon, that lothly hiske, in myn opynyon. 
Nor no bore so bryraly brystlyd ys with here, 
As ye ar brystlyd on the bake for alle your 
gay gere. 

[Bvl %T Bfte Ttrc« Sjr Satrapas, what auctorjte 

re Laae 
Id Tour cLil^c:je, Svr Chesten, to calle me a 

Yoor wTiide schakTn shankkes, jour longe lotbj 

CYv>kTU a;^ a oamoke, and as a koire calfles, " 

BrTno;v;i»$ vow ou; ot' aiuyr with alle femall teggys > 

Thac niAsrrvs l\;n: pui yow of, yt was nat alle 

At Orwell^ hyr hauyn your anggre was laules. 
[Bui $4?y ni^ y^«* Syr Sanrapas, what auetoryte 

re haiw 
In your chaWrp?, Syr Chesten, to calle me a 

knaue :] 

I sey* ye solem Scinron, alle blake ys your ble ; 

As a iiU'vU' iilv >»yr^, your ien glyster as glasse, 
Rowly-^:^^ i:i yo^^cr holox hede, vgly to see; • 

Ycur uiro :c::::vi wi;h lawny; your semely 
sr.v^w:e vvoch rcisse, 

Hvn>kyoI ,•*< a:: r-Awkys beke, lyke Syr Topyas. 
Bolvily Kr.d AvU :v> bcL;rIL and baske yourselft^- V, ur <c':V :or a tole, call me no more 

t •* '■* " '-* 

Be :*:.^ k\:\:c5 ir.os^: r.v^ble commandemeDt. 



How may I your mokery mekely toUerate, 
[Your]^ gronynge, ^our grontynge, your groin- 
ynge lyke a swyne ? 
[Your] pride ys alle to peuiche, your porte im- 
portunate ; 
[You] mantycore,^ ye maltaperte, ye can bothe 

wins and whyne ; 
[Your] lotbesum lere to loke on, lyke a gresyd 
bote dothe schyne. 
Ye cappyd Cayface copious, your paltoke on your 

Thow ye prate lyke prowde Pylate, be ware yet 
of chek mate. 

Hole ys your brow that ye brake with Deu[ra]n- 

dall your awne sworde ; 
Why holde ye on yer cap, syr, then? your 

pardone ys expyryd : 
Ye hobble very homly before the ky nges borde ; lo 

^ Tour] The beginning of this line, and of the next three 
K torn off in MS. 
* UKuUycore] MS. " mantyca.*' 

184 POEM . - •*: ^-AKXHSCHE. 

[But 807 '»■ ■• ' '" <^"P<-Tou^ly, ano arte 

ye li .'■■■".. . .. 

In your «. •• ■ ' • 

ki . .'"• 

I, ;i\ UlV :■-"}■} oiis, your paltoke on your 

Your V. •'■■• - 

;:Ue ';■ J^- y:*'nvJe Pyhite, be ware ot 

(J,.. ..liiemi:-- 

Br^ , , 

' .ijvte i"'" v-AOvone, why do ye gane and 

I criuf.' : v.i.r.*!iosohe, loke on yourcomiY 

.•i?rs ! 

. V Giir^-^"^" '"• -^ '^^^ ^ lowse, ye jet full Ijke a 

\< wjtt*'*' *" ^ ^x > Me goos, ye baue but s 


*-.'. • N 

"\lf f^" " 'i ■»'•''-;♦-' th;it of your chalennge 
V . ^.flin * *■ *' ■•'M.^ous, your paltoke on your 
,-., .,. .• ^■v•■ uowde Pvlate, be ware of 

.1. ., •' ■- 

Sri ^•"' '^ ' •••»^'«' "^."^^ Cay us, for and Syr 

^V-*'*^ '-* "' "'''linus nor Syr Pyrrus llic 

uu.i ^♦- :u u'lN:* no where ys prouyd 

iThe fticyouu of jour fysniimy llie devyl 

■ Your harle ys to hnwle, I wys, jt vtjll ni 

■ alowde. 

fe capyd Cayfas copyus, your paltoke on 

Cbow ye prate lyke prowJe PyliitL', be war 

Se grounde yow vpon Godfrey, tiiiit grysXy gar- 

goss face, 

Your stondurdB, Syr Olifmuke, agonst me for 

to aplay ; » 

Baile, baile at yow boilie, frantyke I'olys ! follow 

on the chase 1 

Cam Garnyche, cum GtodCrey, with aa many as 

}e may I 
1 advyse yow be ware of tliys war, rannge yow 

w cappyd Cayfas copyous, [your paltoke on 

iWw ye prale lyke prowde Pylale, be ware of 
clieke mate.] 

"ipi gorbellyd Godfrey, gup, Garnysche, gaudy 
turrey or to tante witL me ye ar to fare to 

ynj whypslouena ealle for a coke 


ijoff.vriff meke. * 

I l.«/w ^«: \tniXtt Ivke provde Pvlase. be vi:^ V 
<'li<:k<; mate.] 

Mirrei rou* j, 
Loke nat to hj. 

Ity I lie k)'ngeH most noble oommamidaeBti 




I HAUE your lewde letter receyuyd, 

And well I haue yt perseyuyd. 

And your skrybe I haue aspyed, 

That your mad mynde contryuyd. 

Sauynge your vsscheres rod, 

I caste me nat to be od 

With neythyr of yow tewyne : 

Wherfore I wryght ageyne ; 

How the fauyr of your face 

Is voyd of all good grace ; ii 

For alle your carpet cousshons, 

Ye haue knauyche condyc}onns. 

Gup, marmeset, jast ye, morelle I 

I am laureat, I am no lorelle. 

Lewdely your tyme ye spende, 

My lyuyng to reprehende ; ^ 

And wyll neuer intende 

Your awne lewdnes to amende : 

Your Englyshe lew[d]ly ye sorte, 

And falsly ^e me reporte. » 

Garnyche, ye gape to wyde : 

My h/uyng to reprehende] Added to MS. in a different hand. 


Your sworde ye swere, I wene, 

So tranchaunt and so kene, 

Xall ky t both wyght and grene : 

Your foly ys to grett '* 

The kynges colours to threte. 

Your brethe yt ys so felle 

And so puauntely dothe smelle, 

And so haynnously doth stynke, 

That nay thy r pump nor synke 

Dothe sauyr halfe so souer 

Ageynst a stormy shouer. 

O ladis of bryght colour, 

Of bewte that beryth the flower, 

When Garnyche cummyth yow amonge * 

With hys brethe so stronge, 

Withowte ye haue a confectioun 

Agenst hys poysond infeccioun, 

Els with hys stynkyng jawys 

He wyl cause yow caste your crawes, 

And make youer stomoke seke 

Ovyr the perke to pryk. 

Now, Garnyche, garde thy guramys ; 
My serpentins and my gunnys 
Agenst ye now I bynde ; '* 

Thy selfe therfore defende. 
Thou tode, thow scorpyone, 
Thow bawdy babyone, 
Thow here, thow brystlyd bore, 
Thou Moryshe mantycore. 
Thou rammysche stynkyng gote, 


Thou fowle chorlyshe parote, 

Thou gresl/ gargone glaymy, 

Thou swetj sloueii seymy, 

Thou murrionn, thow mawment, in 

Thou fals stynkyng serpent, 

Thou mokkyshe marmoset, 

I wyll nat dy in they ^ det. 

Tyburne thou me assynyd, 

Where thou xulddst haue bene shrynyd ; 

The nexte halter ther xall be 

I bequeth yt hole to the : 

Soche pelfry thou hast pachchyd. 

And so thy selfe houyr wachyd 

That ther thou xuldyst be rachchyd, iio 

If thow war metely machchyd. 

Ye may wele be bedawyd, 
Ye ar a fole owtelauyd ; 
And for to telle the gronde. 
Pay Stokys hys fyue pownd. 
I say, Syr Daly rag, 
Ye here yow bold and brag 
With othyr menys charge : 
Ye kyt your clothe to large : 
Soche pollyng paiaunttis ye pley, m 

To poynt yow fresche and gay. 

And he that scryblyd your scroUes, 
I rekyn yow in my rowllys, 
For ij dronken sowUys, 

1 ikey] Compare v. 18 of the next poenL 
VOL. I. 10 


Rede and lerne ye may, 
How olde proverbys say, 
That byrd ys nat honest 
That fylythe hys owne nest. 
Yf he wyst what sum wotte, 
The flesche bastyng of his cote 
Was sowyd with slendyr thre[de] : 
God sende you wele good spede, 
With DomintLS vohiscum ! 
Good Latyn for Jake a thrum, 
Tyll more matyr may cum. 

By the kynges most noble commaundment. 


Tuy Garnishe, fatu%is,fatuus tuus est mage scriha .' 
Qui sapuit puer, insanit vir^ versus in hydrarn. 


Garnysiie, gargone, gastly, gryme, 
I haue receyuyd your secunde ryme. 
Thowthe ye kan skylle of large and longe. 
Ye syng allvvay the kukkowe songe : 


The insyde ye ded calle • 

Your best gowne festyvalle. 

Your drapry ^e ded wante, 

The warde with yow was skante. 

When ye kyst a shepys ie, 

^mastres Andelby, 

Gynys vpon a gonge, 

sat surawhat to longe ; 

hyr husbandes hed, 

jnalle of lede, 

that ye ther prechyd, •• 

To hyr loue ye nowte rechyd : 
Ye wolde haue bassyd hyr bumme, 
So that sche wolde haue kum 
On to your lowsy den ; 
But sche of all men 
Had yow most in despyght, 
Y'e loste hyr fauyr quyt ; 
Your pyllyd garleke hed 
Cowde hocupy there no stede ; 
Slie callyd yow Syr Gy of Gaunt, w 

Nosyd lyke an olyfaunt, 
A pykes or a twybyll ; 
Sche seyd how ye ded brydell, 
Moche lyke a dromadary ; 
Thus with yow sche ded wary, 
Vith moche mater more 
'hat I kepe in store. 

1 A portion of MS. torn off here. 


TLy cajtyvys cnrkcs cours anJ crasj ; 
Mocbe of ihj muneres I urn bla^y. 

Of Lunibaidy Gorge Hanlyson, 
Tliow wolde haue scoryd hys babarion ; 
That jeolyll Jorge the Januay, 
Ye woliie huue Irysyd hya trowie away : 
Soche paianles with your frynJes ye jilny, 
Wilh irecheiy ye iLom betray, 
Gamysbe, ye gale of Gorge wilh gaudry 
Ci'iinsin velvet ior your bawdry. 
Ye baue a fanlasy lo Faucbyrcbe strete, 
With Lumbardes leminuiins fur to mute, 
With, Bas tnc, buityug, praty Cya I 
Yower lothesum lypps louci well to kyse, 
Slaueryng lyke a slymy snuyle ; 
1 wulde ye bud kyet byr on the tayle 1 

Also nal fare from Eowgy i*ow, 
Ye pressyd perttly to pluk a crow ; 
Ye lost your holde. onhende your bow. 
Ye wan uulhyng there hut a mow ; 
Y'e wan nolhyiio tbere hut a skome ; 
Sche wolde nat of yt thow liad swoi-oe 
Sche seyd ye war eoluryd with cole dust ; 
To duly wilh yow she had no lust. 
Sche seyd your brelhe etaiike lyke a hrokiii 
With, Gap, Syr Gy, ye gate a moke. 
Suhe sware wilh hyr ye xulde nat dele, 
.For ye war smtiry, lyke a sele. 
And ye war herey, lyke a csdfe; 
Sehe praiid yow wrilke, on GudJes halle ! 


And thu3 there ye lost yower pray ; 

Get ye anothyr where ye may. , 

Dysparnge ye myn auncetry ? '•"''^ 
Ye ar dyspoayd for to ly : 
I sey, thow felle and fowle flessh fly, 
In Ihys debate I tlie askry. 
Thow daimist the jentyll, thou art a curre 
Haroldis tliey know tliy cote armur : 
Thow thou be a jantyll man borne. 
Yet jentylnes iD tlie ys thi-ed bare worne ; 
Haroldes from honor may th4 devors, 
For harlotles bawnte thyn halefull cors : 
Ye beie out broihells lyke a hawde ; 
Y'e get iherby a slendyr hiude 
Betweyn the lappet t and the walle, — 
Fusty bawdyas ! I sey nat alle. 
Of hai'lottes to vse soche an liarres, 
Yt bredth mothys in clothe of Arres. 

What eylythe ih^, rebawde, on me to rti 
A kyng to me myn habyte gaue ; i^^' 
At Oxibrth, the vniversyle, 
Auaunsid I was to that degre; 
By hole consent of tlieyr senate, 
1 was made jioele lawi-eate. 
To cal me lorell ye ar to lewde: 
Lythe and lystyn, all bechrewde ! 
Of tlie Musys nyne. Calliope 
Haih pointyd me to rayle on the. 
It semyih nat thy pylljd pate 
Agenst a poyet luwrtal 




To take vpon ilie for to scrjue; 
It cuniys th4 better for to dr^ue 
A ilong cart or a (umrclle 
Than with my poems for to melle. 

The honor of KngJond I lernyd to spelle, 
In dygnylB roialle that dutb exctille : 
Note and marke wjl' thjs parcelej 
I jaue lijni drynke of the BugryJ welle 
Of Eliconjs wjiiers cryslallyne, 
Aqueintyng hym with the Mu^ys nyoe. 
Tt commj'th tb& wele ma to reraorde, 
That creaunser was to thy Bofre[yne] lonle; 
1 It plesyih that noble prince roialie 
Me as hys niasttir for to c-alle 
In hjs lernyng primordiitlle. 
Aoaunt, rybawde,^ ihi lung recltkms I 
Me to beknaue [bow art to blame ; 
Thy tong vniawie, with poyson infecle, 
Withowie thou leue thou shall be cheki,' 
And lakyn vp in such tt frame, 
That all llie warJde wyjl spje your shame. 
Auaunt, uununt, thow slogysh . 
And sey poeiis no dya . . . 
It ya lor no bawdy knaue 
The dignile lawreat for to biiue. 

1 m/l] Compara v. ISd. 
* rylHaale] MS. seema lo have " rj-lawde." 
■ WiiioicU Owu lnue, ic.\ la (IS. Uie ktier part of UiIiUM. 
■nd tbe concluding ponioiu of tljc next two lines, ara w (»• 
jored byslnins lliat I can only gneaa atlhfl w 
Ingi of tlie third and Itiiirth liiiea ufter tlita u 



Thow callyst me scallyd, thou callyst me mad : 
Thow thou be pyllyd, thow ar nat sade. 
Thow ar frantyke and lakkyst wyt, 
To rayle with me that the can hyt. 
Thowth it be now ful tyde with th^, i* 

Yet ther may falle soche caswelte, 
Er thow be ware, that in a throw 
Thow mayst fale downe and ebbe full lowe : 
Wherfore in welthe beware of woo, 
For welthe wyll sone departe the froo. 
To know thy selfe yf thow lake grace, 
Lerne or be lewde, I shrow thy face. 
Thow seyst I callyd the a pecok : 
Thow liist, I callyd th^ a wodcoke ; 
For thow hast a long snowte, m 

A semly nose and a stowte, 
Prickyd lyke an vnicorne : 

I wold sum manys bake ink home 

^Vher thi nose spectacle case ; 

Yt wold garnyche wyll thy face. 
Thow demyst my raylyng ouyrthwarthe ; 

I rayle to th^ soche as thow art. 

It' thow war aquentyd with alle 

The famous poettes saturicall, I 

As Pereius and luuynall, h» 

Horace and noble Marciall, 

If they wer lyueyng thys day, 

Of the wote I what they wolde say 

They wolde th^ wryght, all with one Bteuyn, 

The follest slouen ondyr heuen, 

^T T3aaaiXiT2i TCOTfiCSS. 

•303. .»XI ? 

Qfu*z Arrnr 7.>i^ rztc pu'C jsn^imiimr JfJi ad Un- 

7t irf Tjxhrr^iucuuj m*/^ fC r&cVvJi f now <^ 

H,^ si*1iI i ii^< 7—^ ridi ^2 be n?warded? 
Si'::i :-"j,rf< ?^._'i :«i r.ime cc: br the barde 

"... — ^- : - t_» 

For. jLS I l/-.:r r:'-:r V v:\:=&es «>kie, 
A :a1< Ij : :— . _ . ^ :i j a^It : ? whhhoMe ; 
A < .- p:. ^ :uz-^ or a skolde, 
Wcrk-:_ z:::- z: >,1 rie ;b*iz cam be tolde; 


riiat, if I wist not to be controlde, 

Yet somwhat to say I dare well be bolde, 

How some delite for to lye thy eke and threfolde. 

Ad sannam hominem redlgit cornice et graphice. 

For ye said, that he said, that I said, wote ye 

I made, he said, a windmil of an olde mat : 
If there be none other mater but that, 
Than ye may commaunde me to gentil Cok wat. 

Hie notat purpuraria arte intextas literas RomancLS 
in amictibus post ambulonum ^ ante et retro. 

For before on your brest, and behind on your 

In Romaine letters I neuer founde lack ; 
In your crosse rowe nor Christ crosse you spede, 
Your Pater noster, your Aue, nor your Crede. 
^ho soeuer that tale vnto you tolde. 
He saith vntruly, to say that I would 
ControUe the cognisaunce of noble men 
Either by language or with my pen. 

^(^dagogium meum de suhlimiori Minerva con^ 
Stat esse : ergo, S^c, 

% scole is more solem and somwhat more haute 
^han to be founde in any such faute. 

^ post amlmlonum] The Rev. J. Mitford would read " ambu- 
WMtmjyoa/;" post is probauiy an abridgment of posUas. 
W Mag. Sept. 1844, p. 244. 


Pcedagogium meum male sanos maledtcos sihUii 
complosisque manihus explodity S^c. 

My scoles are not for vnthriftes vntaught. 

For franiick t'aitours half mad and half straught ; 

But my learning is of an other degree 

To taunt theim like liddrous, lewde as thei bee. 

Laxent ergo antennam elationis sum injlatam 
vento vanitatis, li. ille, S^c, 

For though some be lidder, and list for to rayie, 
Yet to lie vpon me they can not preuayle : 
Then let them vale a bonet of their proud sayle, 
And of their taunting toies rest with il hayle. 

NohiUtati ignohilis cedat tnlitas, S^c. 

There is no noble man wil iudge in me 

Any such foly to rest or to be : 

I care muche the lesse what euer they say, 

For tunges vntayde be renning astray ; 

But yet I may say safely, so many wel lettred 

Embraudred, enlasid together, and fettred, 

And so little learning, so lewdly alowed, 

What fault find ye herein but may be auowed? 

But ye are so full of vertibilite, 

And of frenetyke folabilite, •• 

And of melancoly mutabilite, 

That ye would coarte and enforce me 

Nothing to write, but hay the gy of thre, 

And I to suffre you lewdly to ly 

Of me with your language full of vilany! 


Sievt novacula aeulaficUti dolum. L'lii 3. 
Malicious lunges, though fhi'y haue no bones, 
Are sharper then Ewordes, stui'dier tlien stones. 

Lege Pkiloiiratwn de vita l^anai ApoUmtiu 
I Sharper theti raysora that shaue and cut llirotes, 
\ Huh stinging then scorpions that stung Pharn- 

Venenum hspidum sub lahlis eoriiin. Ps. 
More veneiDous and much more virulent 
Then any poysoned todo or any serpent. 

Quid peregrinis egemus exempUs? ad domesliea 
recurramus, Sfc. li. ille. 
■ Such tunges vahappy hath matfe great diuision 
< In realmes, in cities, by suche fals abui>ion 

Of falfl ficliil tunges suche clolied collusion 
I ttath brought nobil prineea to extreme confu- 

Quiequid logttantur, ut efeemifianiur, ifa effiin- 

tur 4r. 
Somlime women were put in great blame, 
Uea ^d they could not (heir tunges atame ; 
But men take vpon (heim nowe all the shame, 
With skolding and sklaundering make their tungg 


i, captalores, delatBTU, 

Novamm rerum cupidisi 

adulalores, inoigilaiores, deliratoret, SfC. id 

genus, li. itle. 
For men be now Irntlers and tellers of tale«^^H 
What tidings at Tutn&ai, wb&L newig in Wfl^^^f 
Wbat sliippis are sailing lo Scalis Malis? ^^^H 
And all i£ not worth a couple of nut ebalis: 
But lering and lui'king here and there like 

The deuil tere tlieir tuugiis and pike out tbeir 

Then reo they with lesin^ee and blow them 

With, He wrale suche a bil wilhouten doat; 
With, I can tel jou what such a man said ; 
And }'ou knew all, ye would be ill apay d. " 

De more vulpino, gannienles ad aurem,jidaif'^ 

Jnauspicattim, male ominatum, infortunaium f* 
faieaiur hahuiase horoscopum, quicvnque ma^^' 
dixerit vati Pierio, Slkeltomdf] X[auria(a, 

But if that I knewe uhal his name hight, 
For clalering of me I would him sone quig 
For his false lying, of that I spiike neuer, 
I could make him shortly repent him for e: 
Although be made it neuer so louji;h, 
He might be sure lo batie i^hamc ynough. 



Cerherus horrendo harathri latrando sub antro 
Te rodatque voret, lingua dolosa, precor, 

A fals double tunge is more fiers and fell 

Then Cerberus the cur couching in the kenel of 

Wherof hereafter I thinke for to write, 
Of fals double tunges in the dispite. 

Reciptt se scrtpturum opus sanctum^ laudahile, 
acceptahile^ memorabilequey et nimis honorific 

Disperdat Dominus universa labia dolosa et lii^ 
guam magniloquam I 

160 ON TYME. 

Ye may here now, in this ryme, 
How euery thing must haue a tyme.* 

Tyme is a thing that no man may resyst ; 

Tyme is trancytory and irreuocable ; 
Who sayeth the contrary, tyme passeth as hym 
Tyme must be taken in season eouenable ; 
Take tyme when tyme is, for tyme is ay 
mutable ; 
All thynge hath tyme, who can for it prouyde ; 
Byde for tyme who wyll, for tyme wyll no m^^ 

Tyme to be sad, and tyme to play and sporte; *" 
Tyme to take rest by way of recreacion ; 

Tyme to study, and tyrae to use comfort ; 
Tyme of pleasure, and tyme of consolation : 
Thus tyme hath his tyme of diuers maner 
facion : 

* This and the next three poems are from the ed. byKyr^® 
and Marche of Cerlaine bokes com2)yledbymaysterSkeUon,u.d-* 
vx)llated with the same work, ed. Day, n. d., and ed. Laiit^' 
and with Marshe's ed. of Skelton's Woi-kes^ 1668. I may her^ 
notice that in those eds. the present piece is preceded by ^ 
copy of verses, "All nobyll men of this take hede," &c*» 
which will be given afterwards, before Why come ye wA i^ 
Courte t where it is repeated in all the eds. 

ON TTME. 161 

Tyme for to eate and drynke for thy repast ; 
Tyme to be lyberall, and tyme to make no wast ; 

Tyme to trauell, and tyme for to rest ; 

Tyme for to speake, and tyme to holde thy 

Tyme would be vsed when tyme is best ; 

Tyme to begyn, and tyme for to cease ; » 

And when tyme is, [to] put thyselfe in prease, 

And when tyme is, to holde thyselfe abacke ; 

For tyme well spent can neuer haue lacke. 

The rotys take theyr sap in tyme of vere ; 

In tyme of somer flowres fresh and grene ; 
In tyme of haruest men their corne shere ; 
In tyme of wynter the north wynde waxeth kene, 
So bytterly bytynge the flowres be not sene ; 
The kalendis of Janus, with his frostes hore, «• 
That tyme is when people mustlyuevpon the store. 

Quod Skelton, Laureat. 

VOL. I. 11 





' •»*-!. ^:::::nai7 of Ijght mtermvnable, 

-- . :. y k : :.t r. potenciall God of mvglii, 

' ur*i :-v&:^h, Lord inoooipenible, 

•v-t •:':j;in< the essencial most perfrgitl 

: « • . i' r.*A2kvnde, that formjd day id 
» 'J 

. i - ::rnperyal comprehendeth eaeir 

•^ -. r J- mrDde, mj thought, mj Iw^ 

* y r.. 

• -^ * -^^ :o see thj glorious face : 

' : ■ ; ^-^-xv is incomprehensjbjU, 
•,■ , s .:* re.ison which far doth excedei 
V »..\s is indiujsjbjll, " 

•* .t. ^Axines aod vertue doth pro- 

■v". ,i" creatures haue nede: 
'^ ^ ^ ^ ■ . ^- > . • I.v\-\;. Arid irraunte me of thr grace, 

; r 'ensure in word, thoughie, 
•■ ■ - • . 
■"•"'- r ..:> :x rV. to see thy glorious face. 



ENYGNE Jesu, my souerayne Lord and Kynge, 
'he only Sonne of God by filiacion, 
I Seconde Parson withouten beginnynge, 
►oth God and man our fayth maketh playne 

[ary the mother, by way of incarnacion, 
ose glorious passion our soules doth reuyue ! 
.gayne all bodely and goostely trybulacion 
ende me with thy piteous woundis fyue. 

ereles Prynce, payned to the deth, 
.ufully rent, thy body wan and bio, w 

my redempcion gaue vp thy vytall breth, 
i^'as neuer sorow lyke to thy dedly wo ! 
rraunte me, out of this world when I shall go, 
ne endles mercy for my preseruatyue ; 
Lgaynst the world, the flesh, the deuyl also, 
ende me wyth thy pyteous woundis fyue. 


fiRT feruence, inflamed wyth all grace, 
Snkyndelyng hertes with brandis charitable, 


The endles reward of pleasure and solace, 
To the Father and the Son thou art communi' 

In unitate which is inseperable ! 

water of lyfe, well of consolacion I 

Agaynst all suggestions dedly and dampnable 

Rescu me, good Lorde, by your preseruacion : 

To whome is appropryed the Holy Ghost by name, 
The Thyrde Parson, one God in Trinite, 

Of perfyt loue thou art the ghostly flame : 
O myrrour of mekenes, pease, and tranquylyte, 
My confort, my counsell, my parfyt charyte! 

O water of lyfe, O well of consolacion ! 
Agaynst all stormys of harde aduersyte 

Rescu me, good Lord, by thy preseruacion. 

Quod Skelton, Laureat. 


WoFFULLY araid,* 

My blode, man, 

For th^ ran, 
It may not be naid ; 

My body bloo and wan, 
Woffully araid. 

eholde me, I pray th^, with all thi hole reson, 
Jid be not so hard hartid, and ffor this encheson, 
ith I for thi sowle sake was slayne in good seson, 
•egylde and betraide by Judas fals treson ; ic 
Vnkyndly entretid, 
With sharpe corde sore fretid, 
The Jewis me thretid, 
They mowid,they grynned, they scornyd me, 
Condempnyd to deth, as thou maist se, 
Woffully araid. 

* From the Fairfax MS. (which once belonged to Ralph 
I'horesby, and now forms part of the Additional MSS., 5465, 
Q the British Museum), where it occurs t\vice, — (fol. 76 and, 
^s perfectly, fol. 86); collated with a copy written in a very 
M hand on the fly-leaves of Boetius de Discip. Schol. cum no- 
^^commentOj Davsntiie^ 1496, 4to. (in the collection of the 
^te Mr. Heber), which has supplied several stanzas not in 
'he Ffdrfax MS. It was printed from the latter, not very 
•^rrectly, by Sir John Hawkins, Hist, of Mitsic, ii. 89. I have 
Allowed the metrical arrangement of the MS. in the Boetiui, 


Thus nakj-d nm I Dailid, man, for tby sake! 
I loue the, then loueme; why Klepist thou? awikef 
Remembir my tendir hart rote for the brake, ■ 
With panys my vajnjs constreyn[e]d to crake) 
Thus toggid to and fro, 
Thus wrappid all in woo, 
Whereas neuer man was bo, 
Enlretid thus in most cruell wyse, 
Was like a lorabe ofierd in sacrifice, 
Wotfully araid. 

Off sharpe thorne I haue wornu a (M'owtie onBJ 

So paynyd, ao straynyd, so rufuU, so red i 
Tbus bobbid, tbua robbid,' thus for thy loue itA 
Olifaynyd * not deynyd my blod for to shed ; ■ 
My fete and bandes sore 
The sturdy nailis bore ; 
What iny}t 1 sufHr more 
Than I huue don, man, for the ? 
Cum when thou list, wellcum to me, 
WoffulJy araide.* 

Off record thy good Lord y bane beyii and eel* 

T am [hyn, tbou artt myoe, my brother y call ibc* 

I bobbid . . rnibid]£«ltiii,"bovds . . rovT^" 
i On/ojHjJ] IIS. ill the Baeliut, " Unfmynyd." 
• Wofulln araUc] Here tlia Fuirfui MS. conoliidoi! «*" 
luIlun'S 'n giveu from Ilie (IS. in Ilie Botlita. 


le love I enterly ; see whatt ys befall me ! 
re bettyng, sore tbretyng, too mak thee, man, 
all fre : <« 

Why art thou wnkynde ? 
Why hast nott mee yn mynde ? 
Cum 3ytt, and thou schalt fynde 
Myne endlys mercy and grace ; 
See how a spere my hert dyd race, 
WoyfuUy arayd. 

3yr brother, noo other thyng y off thee desyre 
itt gyve me thyne hert fre to rewarde myn byre : 
wrou^t th^, I bowgjt th^ frome eternal fyre ; 
pray th^ aray the tooward my hy^t empyre, m 
Above ^ the oryent, 
Wheroff y am regent, 
Lord God omny potent, 
Wyth me too reyn yn endlys welthe ; 
Remember, man, thy sawlys helthe. 

Woofully arayd. 

My blode, man. 

For th^ rane, 
Hytt may nott be nayd ; 

My body blow and wane, « 

WoyfuUy arayde. 

Explicit qd. Skelton. 

1 Abwe] MS. " I love." 

108 NOW 8YNGE WE, &C. 


Now synge we, as we were wont, 
Vexilla regis prodeunt, * 

The kinges baner on felde is [sjplayd, 
The crosses mistry can not be nayd, 
To whom our Sauyour was betray d. 

And for our sake ; 
Thus sayth he, 
I sufFre for the, 

My deth I take. 

Now synge we, &c. 

Beholde my shankes, behold my knees, 
Beholde my hed, armes, and thees, 
Beholde of me nothyng thou sees 

But sorowe and pyne ; 
Thus was I spylt, 
Man, for thy gylte, 

And not for myne. 

Now synge we, &c. 

* From Bibliographical Miscellanies (edited by the Rev. Dr. 
Bliss), 1813, 4to, p. 48, where it is given from an imperfect 
volume (or fragments of volumes) of black-letter Chrittmai 
Carolles partly (but probably not wholly) printed by Eele. 

NOW STNGE "WE, &C. 169 

Behold my body, how Jewes it donge 
With knots of whipcord and scourges strong ; 
As stremes of a well the blode out sprong 

On euery syde ; « 

The knottes were knyt, 
Ryght well made with wyt, 

They made woundes wyde. 
Now synge we, &c. 

2Man, thou shalt now vnderstand. 
Of my head, bothe fote and hand, 
Are four c. and fyue thousand 

Woundes and sixty ; 
Fifty and vii. 
"Were tolde full euen 

Vpon my body. » 

Now synge we, &c. 

Syth I for loue bought th^ so dere, 

-A.S thou may se thy self here, 

I pray th^ with a ryght good chere 

Loue me agayne, 
That it lykes me 
To suffre for th4 

Now all this payne. 

Now synge we, &c. 

^an, vnderstand now thou shall, 

In 8ted of drynke they gaue me gall, 

•^nd eysell mengled therwithall, *o 

170 NOW STNGE WE, &C. 

The Jewes fell ; 
These paynes on me 
I suffred for th^ 

To bryng th^ fro hell. 

Now synge we, &c. 

Now for thy lyfe thou hast mysled, 

Mercy to aske be thou not adred ; 

The lest drop of blode that I for th^ bled 

Myght dense th^ soone 
Of all the syn 
The worlde within, 

If thou haddest doone. 

Now synge we, &c. 

I was more wrother with Judas, 
For he wold no mercy aske, 
Than I was for his trespas 

Whan he me solde ; 
I was euer redy 
To graunt hym mercy, 

But he none wolde. 

Now synge we, &c 

Lo, how I hold my armes abrode, 

Th^ to receyue redy isprode I 

For the great loue that I to th^ had 

Well may thou knowe, 
Some loue agayne 
I wolde full fayne 

NOW STNGE WE, &C. 171 

Thou woldest to me shewe. 
Now synge we, &c. 

For loue I aske nothyng of th^ 

But stand fast in fay the, and syn thou fie, 

Ind payne to lyue in honeste 

Bothe nyght and day ; 
Vnd thou shalt have blys 
Dhat neuer shall mys 

Withouteu nay. 

Now synge we, &c. 

^ow, Jesu, for thy great goodnes, 
?hat for man suffred great hardnes, 
►aue vs fro the deuyls cruelnes, 

And to blys us send, 
Lnd graunt vs grace 
'o se thy face 

Withouten ende. 

Now synge we, &c* 


172 I,' LIBER, &C. 


** Codex memhranaceus in 4to, seculo xiv scrt'p' 
tuSyJiguns illuminatis, sed injuria temporis pene 
deletis ornatus, in quo continetur^ 

I. Polichronitudo basileos sive historia belli 
quod Rica rd us I. gessit contra Sarracenos, Gallice, 

Hoc opus Skeltono ascrihitur a CI, Stanleio ; 
primo autem intuitu satis liquet codicem ipsum 
longe ante tempus quo claruit Skekomis Juisst 
scriptum, ah eoque regi dono missum, ut testantur 
sequentes versus diverso et recenti caractere prinuB 
pagincB inscripti : *] 

ly liber, et propera, regem tu pronus adora ; 
Me sihi commendes humilem Skeltonida vatem : 
Ante suam mcifestatem, (per ccetera passim,) 
Inclyta hella refer, gessit quce maximus heros 
Anglorum, primus nostra de gente Ricardus, 
Hector ut intrepidas, contra validissima castra 
Gentis Agarence ; memora quos ille labores, 
Quos tulit angores, qualesque recepit honores, 

Chronica Francorum, validis inimica Britannis^ 
Scepe Solent celebres Britonum compescere lavdes, 

* Nasmitli's Catal. Libr. Manuscript, quos OoU. Corporis 
Christi et B. Maria Virginis in Acad. Cantabrig. legavU i?«v 
erendiss. in Christo Pater Matthceus Parker, Archiepisc* CoM' 
(uar. p. 400. 1777, 4to. 








This worke deuysed is 

For such as do amys ; 

And specyally to controule 

Such as haue cure of soule, 

That be so farre abused, 

They cannot be excused 

By reason nor by law ; 

But that they play the daw, 

To hawke, or els to hunt 

From the aulter to the funte, »• 

With cry vnreuerent, 

Before the sacrament, 

Within the holy church bowndis, 

That of our faith the grounde is. 

That pryest that hawkys so, 

All grace is farre him fro ; 

•^ From the ed. by Kyuge and Marche of Ceriaine bohei 
^kd by mayster SkeUon^ n. d., collated with the same 
^rk, ed Day, n. d., and ed. Lant, n. d., and with Marshe'i 
^ of Skeltou's Worhea^ 1668 


He semetb a sysmatyke, 
Or els an heretyke, 
For fayth in him is faynte. 
Therefore to make complaynte 
Of such mysaduysed 
Parsons and dysgysed, 
This boke we haue deuysed, 
Compendiously comprysed, 
No good priest to offende, 
But suche dawes to amende, 
. In hope that no man shall ~ 
I Be myscontent withall. 

I shall you make relacion, 
By waye of apoatrofacion, 
Vnder supportacion 
Of youre pacyent tolleracion, 
How I, Skelton Laureat, 
Deuysed and also wrate 
Vpon a lewde curate, 
A parson benyfyced. 
But nothing well aduysed: 
He shall be as now nameles, 
But he shall not be blameles, 
Nor he shal not be shameles ; 
For sure he wrought amys. 
To hawke in my church of Dis. 
This fonde frantyke fauconer, 
With his polutid pawtenar^ 
As priest vnreuerent, 
Streyght to the sacrament 


He made his hawke to fly, 

With hogeous showte and cry. 

The hye auter he strypt naked ; 

There on he stode, and craked ; •• 

He shoke downe all the clothis, 

And sware horrible othes 

Before the face of God, 

By Moyses and Arons rod, 

Or that he thens yede, 

His hawke shoulde pray and fede 

Vpon a pigeons maw. 

The bloude ran downe raw 

Vpon the auter stone ; 

The hawke tyrid on a bonne ; •• 

And in the holy place 

She mutid there a chase 

Vpon my corporas face. 

Such sacrificium laudis 

He made with suche gambawdis. 


His seconde hawke wexid gery, 

And was with flying wery ; 

She had flowin so oft, 

That on the rode loft 

She perkyd her to rest. ic 

The fauconer then was prest, 

Came runnyng with a dow, 

And cryed. Stow, stow, stow I 

But she would not bow. 


Or holy sinodals, 

Or els prouincials, 

Thus within the wals 

Of holy church to deale, 

Thus to rynge a peale 

With his hawkis beb ? 

Dowtles such losels 

Make the churche to be 

In smale auctoryte : ^ 

A curate in speciall 

To snappar and to fall 

Into this open cryme ; 

To loke on this were tyme. 


But who so that lokys 

In the officiallis bokis, 

Ther he may se and reed 

That this is matter indeed. 

How be it, raayden Meed 

Made theym to be agreed, 

And so the Scrybe was feed, 

And the Pharasay 

Than durst nothing say, 

But let the matter slyp. 

And made truth to trip ; 

And of the spiritual law 

They made but a gewgaw, 

And toke it out in drynke, 

And this the cause doth shrynke : 



But lyke a Marche harum, 

His braynes were so parum. 

He sayde he would not let 

His houndis for to fet, 

To hunte there by lyberte 

In the dyspyte of me, 

And to halow there the fox : u« 

Downe went my offerynge box, 

Boke, bell, and candyll. 

All that he myght handyll : 

Cros, staffe, lectryne, and banner, 

Fell downe on this manner. 


With, troll, cytrace, and trouy. 

They ranged, hankin bouy. 

My churche all aboute. 

This fawconer then gan showte. 

These be my gospellers, m 

These be my pystillers. 

These be my querysters. 

To helpe me to synge. 

My hawkes to mattens rynge. 

In this priestly gydynge 

His hawke then flew vppon 

The rode with Mary and John. 

Delt he not lyke a fon ? 

Delt he not lyke a daw ? 

Or els is this Goddes law, .» 

Decrees or decretals, 

VOL. I. 12 


Into mv chalis at mas. 
When consecrated was 
The blessed sacrament : 

prieest vnreuerent ! 

He savde that he woulde hunt 
From the auher to the funt. 


Of no tvnmde I rede, •" 

That so farre dyd excede « 

Neyther yet Dioclesyan, 

Nor vet Domisian, 

Nor vet croked Cacus, 

Nor vet dronken Baeus ; 

Not her Olibrius, 

Nor Dionisyus ; 

Not her Phalary, 

Rohorsod in Valerv ; 

Nor Saixlanapall, • 

Yn hap pi est of all ; 

Nor Neix^ the worst. 

Nor Clawdius the curst ; 

Nor vot KiTt^as, 

Nor vot Svr Pherumbras: 

Noihor Zorobaboll, 

N'or oruol Jt'saboU ; 

Nor } ot Tarquinius, 

Whom Tvtus Liuius 

In wrvtvi^iro dv>th enroll; 

1 hauo rwi thorn jK»ll by poll; 


The story of Arystobell, 
And of Constantinopell, 
Whiche citye miscreantys wan, 
And slew many a Christen man ; 
Yet the Sowden, nor the Turke, 
Wrought neuer suche a worke, 
For to let theyr hawkes fly 
In the Church of Saint Sophy; 
With much matter more. 
That I kepe in store. 


Then in a tabull playne 

I w route a verse or twayne, 

Whereat he made dysdayne : 

The pekysh parsons brayne 

Cowde not rech nor attayne 

What the sentence ment ; 

He sayde, for a crokid intent 

The wordes were paruerted : 

And this he ouerthwarted. sic 

Of the which proces 

Ye may know more expres, 

If it please you to loke 

In the resydew of this boke. 

Here after followeth the tabulL 

Loke on this tabull, 
Whether thou art abuU 


ktiUn^ioA y'Udhrijm * mmsudiu iinutfunut, 
:-;.:*.. i. :: - 13.4. 13.3.3. I.*«B«e::* 
/'/hfjr'JtJjt ittf, pnewr. htBe nuUo temerrauut ymuta- 
Kftt rn-pi^X tuMU!ros nan homo, wtd maia »a 
f/f, pnrtA r^tTtfi chartjE adverte aperte, pmm JBuw* 
Ar^thjLAom hone, 

Wh^Tero *hould I rehcrs 

Th^, aentence of my vers? ■ 

hi th^-m be no scholys 

V(tT bravnsycke fraotycke folys: 

(J(mntrua$ hoc, 
J)omin*i Daw crock e ! 
VVarfj the hawke! 

Maistfr ^(tphista, 

\i\ Birnplcx sijllogista, 

\{\ (IciM'lyHh dogmatista. 

Your Imwkc on your fista, 

« hi\v,v'vi\\ In Pny'B imI. tlio final letter of ag-imniwi^ 

I, In I in..K« liko n «/; and MaR«he's ed. ka* ^ronnaB"- 

II... nM'.M.i..j\ i»ni\i!» "tubull playne" isqiiia »vobl ffiT 

■« f.-iw ■•'•■ ^1 lM;\i-^l>o*!> r«1. *' tauntantes." 

•i ^ .. «• I IM<». of P«y, and Marshe. '^S«miliT*6- 


To hawke when you lista «si 

In eccUsia tsta, 

Domine concupisti}- 

With thy hawke on thy fisty ? 

Nunquid sic dixzsti ? 

Nunquid sic fecisti f 

Sed ubi hoc legisti 

Aut unde hoc. 

Doctor Dawcocke ? 

Ware the hawke ! 
Doctor Dialetica, w 

Where fynde you in Hypothetical 
Or in Categoria, 
Latina sive Dorica, 
To vse your hawkys forica 
In propitiatorio^ 
Tanquam diversorio ? 
Uiide hoc, 
Domine Dawcocke ? 

Ware the hawke ! 
Saye to me, Jacke Harys, zn 

Quare aucuparis 
Ad sacramentum altaris ? 
For no reuerens thou sparys 
To shake my pygeons federis 
Super arcam foederis : 
Unde hocy 
Doctor Dawcocke ? 

Ware the hawke I 
1 concupisti] Eds. " racapisti " and " cacapisti.** 


Tihi sunt cequalia : 

TJnde hoc^ sio 

Domine Dawcocke ? 

Ware the hawke ! 
JEt relis et ralisy 
JEt reliqualisy 
From Granado to Galis, 
From Wynchelsee to Walys, 
Non est braynsycke talis, 
Nee minus rationalis, 
Nee magis bestialis, 

That synggys witli a chalys : wo 

Construas hoc. 
Doctor Dawcocke ! 

Ware the hawke I 
Masyd, wytles, smery smyth, 
Hampar with your hammer vpon thy styth, 
And make hereof a syckyll or a saw, 
For thoughe ye lyue a c. yere, ye shall dy a daw. 

Vos vakte, 

Doctor indiscrete ! 


'memoranda dies, qua, decollate Johannes, 
^ucupium Jactt, haud quondam quod fecerit, intra 
'^ccksiam de Dis, violans tua sacra sacrorum ! 


Redor de Whipstci, doctor eogmomume JDaueod, 
JBt dominn* Wodeod; probai is, proiai kie^pro* 
bat kete hoc. 


Libertas veneranda pits conctua poetis 
Dicendi est gmgeungve placenta gu^eeunque jwo^ 

Vel qiuBcunque valentjusUu defendere ctnuas, 
Vel qiuecunque vcUent stolidos mordere petvkoS' 
Ergo daJbis veniam. 

Qaod Skdton, laaieat. 

^Hem,fc\ These lines follow Wan A^Bawkmi^ ^ 



This tretise devysed it is 
Of two knaues sointyme of Dis. 
Though this knaues be deade, 
Full of myschiefe and queed, 
Yet, where so euer they ly, 
,Theyr names shall neuer dye. 

ridium de duohus versipellihus, John Jay^ 
^d, et Adarii, all a knaue, deque illorum no- 
sima vilitcUe. 


Sequitur trigintale 
Tale quale rati07iale, 
Licet p arum curiale^ 
Tamen satis estformaUy 
Joannis Clerc, hominis 
Cujusdam multinomtms, 

From Marshe^s ed. of Skelton's Wbrkes^ 166S. 

_'•- ■••*. . .: -' ::«•. 

• c'. "t -i '' -^ r^ »< 
3U7n •,•*.->* -•:Vj'*tt 


Unde resuhando- 
que Acheronta ^ hoando tonaret. 
Nunquam sincere 
soUtus sua crimina jiere ; 
Cui male livgua loquaX" 
que dicax mendaxque^ fuere 
Et mores tales 

resident in nemine quales ; » 

Carpens vitales 
auras, turhare sodales 
Et cines socios, 
asimus, mulus velut, et bos, 
Omne suum studium 
rubeum pictum, per amictum 
Discolor ; et victum 
faciens semper maledictum 
Ex intestinis ovium- 
que boumque caprorum ; so 

l^endens adque forum ^ 
fragmentum colUgit horum 
Dentibus exemptis 
mastigat cumque polentis 

icherorUa^ <fc que dicax, ^c] Perhaps these 

ought to be arranged thus for the sake of the rhyme ; 

" que Acheronta boando 
tonaret. Nunquam sincere,** ^c. 

" que dicax mendaoc- 
que, fuere Et mores tales,** ^c, 

1 the rest of the poem it seems that Skelton intended 
tameter to be cut only into two parts. 


Lanigerum captU atU ovis * 
aut vacccR mugienits. 
QmdpetiSy hie sit quis f 
John Jayherd^ incola de Dis ; 
Cui, dum vixerat is, 
sociantur jurgia, vis, lis. 

Jamjacet hie starke deed, 
Neuer a toth in his heed. 
Adieu, Jayberd, adue, 
I faith, dikkon thou crue I 
Fratres, orate 
For this knauate. 
By the holy rode, 
Dyd neuer man good : 
I pray you all. 
And pray shall. 
At this trentall 
On knees to fall 
To the fote ball ; 
With, fill the blak bowle 
For Jayberdes sowle. 

Bihite muUum : 
Fcce sepultum 
Sub pede stuUum, 
Asinum, et mulum ! 

The deuill kis his euluml ^ 

Wit[h], hey, howe, rumbelowe, 

J caput aut ovis] Ed. " caput caput." I give the conjectu- 
ral reading of the Rev. J. Mitford. The rhyme suggests (bnl 
the metre will not allow) " bidentis." 



Per omnia secula seculorum I Amen. 

Requiem^ SfC. 

Per Fredericum Hely^ 
Fratrem de Monte Oarmeli, 
Qui condunt sine sale 
Hoc devotum trigintale. 
Vale Jayberd, valde male I 

Adam Vddersall/ 
Alias dictus Adam all 

a knaue, his 
Epitaph foloweth deuoutly ; 
He was somtime the holy 

Baillyue of Dis. 

Of Dis 

Adam degehat : 

dum vixit, falsa gerehat, 

irsaU, ^c.\ In this passage I have adopted the ar* 
Jnt proposed by the Rev. J. Mitford. — Ed. thus: 

" Adam Vddersale. alias dictus 
Adam all. a knaue his Epitaph. 
Foloweth deuoutly, 
He was somtime the holy 
baillyue of dis." 


Jirt A'Afr naha ; ropiA 

dt BA'ol i$t» Jtlatmt 

&ii ped* eideaitu 
TuAaril, nvne vitJatm* : 
Ptrfidtu, iiatta, 
mmmtqtiaBt /kit ilh iaabm 
tMdma/l ttratta 
iateJied* til rpoK<^ta, 
JmproSi*, itijhtta. 

ioBifMi vfiFdfntntittm 
Biefkit ingratm*, 
porms rrlia tmtatu^itM, 

ttimt Agog tit r^prtt&otef / 

baratktv, pelo, tit tmmtAtttt 
Bebabub Iiis £oul« sane, 
Q»ijac*t He, like a knaue! 
•Am (oo BMwfmu rtt, 
Etj^eti ine, tike s be^ 


Anima efus 

De malo in pejus. Amen. » 

De Dis hcec semper erit camenOj 
Adam Udder sail sit anathema ! 

Auctore SkeUon, rectore de Dis, 

Finis, S^c. Apvd Trumpinton scriptum per 
Curatum ejusdem, quinto die Januarii Anno 
Domini, secundum computat. Anglice, mdvii. 

Adam, Adam, uhi es? Genesis. Re. Ubi nulla 
requies, ubi nullus or do, sed sempiternus horror 
inhabitat. Job. 

TOi.. !• 13 


DUigo rustincutn * cum portant bis duo quainium^ 
Et coMitant delos est mi'hi dulce melos. 
1. Caniicum dolorosunu 


lacrymosa lues m'misy quam fiebile fatum! 

Ignibus exosis^ urbs renerandcL, ruis; 
Fulmina sive Jovis sive ultima fata vocabant, 

Vulcani rapidis ignibus ipsa peris. 
Ah decuSy ah patrice specie puleherrima dudu»' 

Urbs S^orvicensis labitur in dneres, 
Urbs, tibi quid rejeram f breviter tibi pauca Tt- 
ponam : 

Prospera rara manent, utere sorte tua; 
Perpetuum mortale nihil, sors omnia versat- 

Urbs miseranda, vale J sors miseranda tua est. 


♦ This and the following piece are finom Marshe*s ed. of 
Skekon's Workes, 15GS. In that collection the present coup- 
let is twice printed: " rmtincuTn " is the reading of the fii^* 
copy, *• msticum '' (which the metre will not admit) of th® 
second : the first copy has " quonintum,*^ the second " ^'^ 
:wn ; " the Editor of 1736 gave *' quantum.** See notes for 
the co:\icotures of the Kev. J. Mitford on this enigma. " ^ 
tkum dolorcsum'' is probably part of the title of the n**^ 


hmal, ecce. Bedel, non mel, sed /el, silii des el ! 

Pei-fidus Achitophel, luridus algue lorell; 
Aimo oUt UU Jebal,^ Nabal. S. Mbaf, ecce, i 
baldus ! 

Omnibus exoms atqite perosiis eral ; 
Inplateagtte cadena animam spiravic oleto: 

Preabffteros odiens sic sine vienle rtiil. 
"iscite vos omnes qtiid sit violare gacratoi 

Presh/teros, quia sic corruit iste caiiis. 
Cocgtut cui «' deiur ' per 7'artara totus, 

Sit, peto, promotus Gerherus huncque voret. 
■At mage ganeta tanien niea Musa preeahitiir air 

Hot lemuresque eat sic Bedel ad superos ; 
^Vh eat, immo mat, non scandal, sed mage lendt 

hque caput praeeps mox Aeherottta petal. 

Btd^ Qttaiita maUgiialvs est ininiicus in sunctoJ 
Via. 73. 

Motiuut est asinus, 
QtU pinxit malum : 

'*i«ll Tha Rev. J. Milfonl ppoi.oses " d 
'JWJ Qy.".rabel?" bol I do aot nndt 
*li dKBrl So lliB Kbv. J. Miifoiii reads. 

196 IN BEDEL, Sec. 

Hie jacet barharus ; 

The deuill kvs his calumf Amen. 


Heme volo transcribaSj transeripiam moxque re- 
Pajdlam ; quia sunt qui mea scripta sciunt, 
D , T ( fyitur quia sunt qui mala cuncta fremurd^ 
\ Igitur quia sunt qui bona cuncta premunL 
Sec tamen expaveo de fatuo labiOy 
Nee multum paveo de stoiido rahukk 

SALVE, &C. 197 

e plus * decies quam sunt momenta dierum ! 
tgenerum species^ quot res, quot nomina ren^um^ 
t prati Jlores, quot sunt et in orbe colores, 
( pisceSy quot aves, quot sunt et in cequore 

t volucrum pennce, quot sunt tormenta gehenna, 
t cceli stellcB, quot sunt et in orbe puellce, 
t sancti Romce, quot sunt miracula Thomce^ 
t sunt virtutesj tantas tibi mitto salutes. 

rrom Marshe's ed. of Skel ton's Workes, 1563, (where it 
nted on the reverse of the title-page,) collated with a 
in Additional MSS. Brit. :Mus. (4787, fol. 224,) which 
ided " Ex Jo. Skeltono Poeta Laureate. " 



Tristia Melpomenes cogor modo plectra sonant 

jETos elegos foveat Gynthius ille meos. 
Si quas fata movent lacrymas, lacrymare videtur 

Jam bene maturum^ si bene mente sapis. 
Flos Britonum, regiim speculum, Salomonis imagOf 

Septimus Henricus mole sub hac tegitur. 
Punica, dum regnal, redolens rosa digna vocari^ 

Jam jam marcescit, ceu levis umbra fugit 
Multa novercantis fortunce, multa favenJtis 

Passus, et infr actus iempus utrumque tulit, "• 
Nobilis Anchises, armis metuendus Atrides, 

Hie erat ; hunc Scottus rex timuit Jacobus, 
Spiramenta animce vegetans dum vescitur aura, 

Francorum populus conticuit pavidus* 

* This and the next piece from Marsha's ed, of Skelton's 
Workes^ 1568, collated with the poems as given in Rtgti^ 
RtgincBj Nobiles^ et alii in Ecdesia ChUegiata B. Petri Wdi- 
mujicuterii sepuUi^ &c., 1603, 4to. 


imensas sibi divitias cumulasse quid horres ? 
JW cumulasset opes, forte, Britanne, luas. 
rgentes casus tacita si menie volutes, 

Vix tihi sufficeret aurea ripa Tagi. 
i sua te probitas consulta mente labor am 
Mexissit satius, vix tibi tuta solus, 20 

\d quid plura cano? mtdiians quid plura voliUof 

Quisque vigil sibi sit : mors sine lege rapit. 
i Dominum, qui cuncta regit, pro principe tanto 
Funde preces quisquis carmina nostra legis. 

Vel mage,* si placeat, hunc timuit Jacobus, 
Scottorum dominus^ qui sua fata luit ; 
uem Leo Candidior Rubeum necat ense Leonem, 
Et jacet usque modo non tumulatus humo. 

efrigerii sedem, quietis beatitudinem^ luminis 
habeat claritatem. Amen. 


^uc, pia Calliope, propera, mea casta puella, 
Et mecum resona carmina plena deo. 

* }iumo\ Not in Reges^ &c. These lines (containing an allu- 
ionto the battle of Flodden) are of a later date than the 
receding poem, to the 12th verse of which they are intended 
8 a sort of note. This is not the only passage in our author's 
•atin pieces where two pentameters occur witliout an inter- 
«ning hexameter: see conclusion of The Garlandeof LauretL 


Septimus Jlenricus^ Britonum memorahilis hena^ 

Anglica terra, tuus magnanimus Priamus, 
AttalvLS hie opihus, rigidus Oato, clarus Acestes, 

Sub gelido clausus marmore jam recubat. 
Sic honor omnis, opes, probitas, sic gloria regtMy 

Omnia nuiabunt mortis ad imperium. 
Anglia, num h.crymas'^ rides; lacrymare quid 
obstas ? 

Dum vixit, lacrymas ; dum moritur, jubilas. * 
Canta, tamen penses, dum vixerat, Angligenensei 

Vibrabant enses, bella nee ulla timent, 
Undique bella fremunt nunc, undique praUa 
surgunt : 

Nosier honor solus, filius, ecce, suusf 
Nbster honor solus, qui pondera tanta suhire 

Non timet, intrepidus arma gerenda vocat; 
Arma gerenda vocat, (superi sua coepta seew^ 
dent !) 

Ut quatiat Pallas cegida scepe rogat^ 
Sors tamen est versanda diu, sors ultima belli: 

Myrmidonum dominus Marte silente ruit; * 

£t quern non valuit validis super are sub armis 

Mars, tamen occubuit insidiis Paridis, 
Nos incerta quidem pro certis ponere rebus 

Arguit, et prohibet Delius ipse pater. 
Omnia sunt hominum dubio labentia Jato, 

Marte sub incerto militat omnis homo, 
Omne deans nostrum, nostra et spes unica 

Jam bene qui regnal, hunc Jovis umbra tegat! 




Agaynst the prowde Scottes clatterynge, 
That neuer wyll leaue theyr tratljnge : 
Wan they the felde, and lost theyr kynge? 
They may well say, fye on that wynnyngel 

Lo. the^e fonde sottes 
And tratlynge Scottes 
Ho\^ thei are blynde 
In theyr owne mynde. 
And wyll not know 
Theyr ouerthrow 
At Branxton more ! 
They are si^ btowre, 
So frantyke mad, 
They say they had 
And wan the felde 
With spere and shelde : 

♦ The following pieces, called forth by the batde of '' 
dun, and the lines on the Battle of the Spurs annexed to tn^' 
are from the ed of K_\iige and Marche of Oerlame ^^ ^ji 
pykd by maysier Sktiton, n. d., collated with the sanw ^fv 
ed. Day, n. d., ed. Lant, n. d., and with Uarshe's ed.of 5*^ 
ton^s Hor/rc^, 1568. 




That is aiii trew 

As blacke is blew 

And grene is gray. 

What euer they say, • 

Jemmy is (led 

And closed in led, 

That was theyr owne kynge : 

Fy on that wynnynge ! 

At Floddon hyllys 
Our bowys, our byllys, 
Slewe all the floure 
Of theyr honoure. 
Are not these Scottys 
Folys and sottys, ■ 

Suche boste to make, 
To prate and crake, 
To face, to brace, 
All voyde of grace, 
So prowde of hart, 
So ouerthwart. 
So out of frame, 
So voyde of shame, 
As it is enrolde, 

Wrytten and tolde •• 

Within this quayre ? 
Who lyst to re pay re, 
And therin reed, 
Shall fynde indeed 
A mad rekenynge, 
Consyderynge al thynge. 

^^^^^^K ^M 

^^^^^^^^ Tbat ibe Si^ollis may ejnge ^^M 

^^^M Kv on Uie w^tiDjiige ^H 

^^H Whtn tht SeoHe Umed. ^^ 

^^H Jftif J«tiimy, j'e sromeful Scut, 

^^^^ biicouie vnio vour lot ■ 1 

^^^V JL 9»leiiipiie sumoer for to be ? J 

^^^V U sreylli noiighl fur j'our degre 1 

^^H \^ kj-iige of Eiigtande for to syght, J 

^^^H Tmr soueniytie lord, our prince of miBH^J 

^^^H Tt for 10 spnde such a ^H 

^^^^ It ehamvili all your nougbty nacton, ^H 

^^^^^^]a coniparjfson but kynge Koppyuge ^1 

^^^^^^^^KKitD our prince, annoynted kynge. 

^^^^^^^^^Sb plA7 Hob liobbyn of Lowdi^an 

^^^^^^^^Kaii ftttew rrgbt well what good yo caai 

^^^^V Te HUT bt' lot-d(^ of Locrian, — 

^^^H Ulnya wiii-u you with a frying pan !— 

^^^H Of Edingl'on'ciw and Saint lonis towoe: 

^^^H >dl«u. Ml' »«in)iier, cast of youre crowne! 

^^^V When the Scot was slagne. 


^^^r (.Vi'-'^'^'mIIv I e^hall remember ^B 

^^M KioHf^ih of September, ^M 

^^^^ \Vsti' (luye of the same, ^^M 

^^^^^^^^LjtVI >L>*'" tu'giin our myvtb and game; ^^M 

^^^^^^^^^Bfcltel IKiw haue ^^M 

^^^^^^^^^^■Ug^ay minde baue comprised, ^^M 


>f the prowde Scot, kynge Jemmy, 
'o wryte some lyttle tragedy, 
or no maner consyderacion 
►f any sorowful lamentacion, 
►ut for the special consolacion 
>f all our royall Englysh nacion. 
Melpomone, O Muse tragediall, 
''nto your grace for grace now I call, 
'o guyde my pen and my pen to enbybe! 
llumyn me, your poete and your scrybe, « 

?hat with myxture of aloes and by tier gall 
may compounde confectures for a cordiall, 
Co angre the Scottes and Irysh keteringes withall, 
L'hat late were discomfect with battayle marcyall. 

Thalia, my Muse, for you also call I, 
To touche them with tauntes of your armony, 
^ medley to make of myrth with sadnes, 
The hartes of England to comfort with gladnes : 
A.nd now to begyn I wyll me adres, 
To you rehersynge the somme of my proces. * 

Kynge Jamy, Jemmy, Jocky my jo, 
Ye summond our kynge, — why dyd ye so ? 
To you nothing it dyd accorde 
To summon our kynge, your soueraygne lord. } 
A kyng, a sumner ! it was great wonder ; I 

Know ye not suger and salt asonder ? 
Your sumner to saucy, to malapert, 
Tfour harrold in armes not yet halfe experte. 
le thought ye dyd yet valyauntly. 
Hot worth thre skyppes of a pye : loo 


Syr akyrgalyard, ye 


Tour wyll than ran before ycur wyt, 
Your lege ye layd and your aly. 

Your frantick fable not worili a fly, 

Frenche kynge, or one or otliar; 

Regarded ye should your lord, youi- broiher. 

Trowid ye, Syr Jemy, his nobul grace 

From you, Syr Scot, would tume hia face? 

Wilh, Gup, Syr Scot of Galaweyl 

Now ig your pryde fall to decay. 

Male vryd was your fals enlent 

For to ofl'eniJe your presydent, 

Your souerayne lord raoat rcuei-Mit, 

Your lord, your brother, and your regent, 
la Lim is fygured Melchisedec, 

And ye were disioyall Aroalec 

He is OUT noble Scipione, 

Aiinoynled kynge; and ye were none, 

Thoughe ye vniruly yoiiFfafEer h'aae fllajw. 

Hia tytle ia true in Fraunce to raygne; ' 

And ye, proud Scot, Dunde, Dunbar, 

Pardy, ye were bis bomager, 

And suter to his parliament: 

For your vntrulh now ar ye shent. 

Ye bare youraelfe sorawhat to bold, 

Therfore ye lost your copyehold i 

Ye were bonde tenent to hie estate ; 

LoHt ia your game, ye are checkmnte. 
Vnto the caslell of Norram, 

I vnderetaude, to sone ye eame. 


Kston more and Flodden hylles, 
lysh bowes, our Englysh by lies, 
you gaue so sharpe a shower, 
Scotland ye lost the flower. 
yie Lyon, there rampaunt of moode, 
1 and rent out your hart bloode ; 
Vhyte, and ye the Red, 
yie there slew the Red starke ded. 
your guerdon quyt ar ye, 
be God in Trinite, uo 

te Sainct George, our ladies knyght I 
J is out ; adew, good nyght ! 
re Starke mad to make a fray, 
3 beyng out of the way : 
he power and might of God, 
owne tayle ye made a rod. 
id wit, syr, at a worde ; 
our spurres, ye lost your sworde. 
t haue buskyd you to Huntley bankys ; 
de was peuysh to play such prankys : im 
lerte coude not attayne 
kynge royal war to mayntayne. 
kyng of Nauerne ye might take heed, 
usly how he doth speed : 
i delynge so he did dreme, 
is kynge without a reme ; 
example ye would none take, 
IS hath brought you in suche a brake, 
ith, your ioy, your sport, your play, 
gynge host, your royal aray, » 


..'. -o brym as bore at bay, 
^^....ii Systers, that gun so gay, 
.... \e lost and cast away. 
^> /iiuiie hath tourned you, I dare well 
Nv .» iviu II kynge to a clot of clay : 

.. i' ^oul* robes ye were sbaked, 
V .; wivU'liedly ye lay starke naked. 
.'. :K-ko of grace hard was your hap: 
I iiv- ro[»i.*s curse gaue you that clap. 

Oi I lit* out yles the roughe fotcd Scottes, "* 
W *.' luuio well eased them of the bottes : 
I'Jk' rude ranke Scottes, lyke dronken dranes, 
Vi Knglysh bowes haue fetched theyr banes, 
li is not fy tting^ in tower and towne 
\ sunnier to were a kynges crowne : 
Worm no on you therfore did frowne; 
\o wore to hye, ye are cast downe. 
Svr sumner, now where is your crowne? 
^*ast of your crowne, cast vp your crowne ! 
Jivr sumner, now ve haue lost vour crowne. 

Quod Skolton laureate, oratoure to t 
Kvnfres most rovall estate. 

Scotia^ redacta in formam provincice, 
J^etfis parcbit nutibus Anglice: 
AUoqnin^ per desertum Sin^ super cherubim, 
Cherubin, seraphim, scraphinquey ergo, SfC. 

^flitting] Other eds. " sytting " and " sitting," which, p€ 
^)w, Skchon wrote, as he elsewhere uses the word. 

" 1 


„™„™.™„^^™.™„.. 1 

I AH now uunstraj'ned, ^^^^H 

'With wordes oothyoge fanned, ^^^^^^M 

Thifi inuediue to make, ^^^^^| 

For some peoples eake ^^^^^^| 

That 10 ^^^^^1 

And wayward]/ to wrangyll ^^^^^^| 

Agaynat this my makynge, ^^^^^| 

Tbtiir males therat aliakynge, ^^^^^| 

At it re pre lien ding, ^^^^^^| 

And venemously etingynge, ■ ^^M 

Eebukyrge and remordyng, ^H 

And nothing according. ^H 

Cause haue they none other,') \ 

But for that he was brother, 

Brother vnnaiural 

VdIo our kynge royall, 

Against whom he dyd fighte 

Falsly agaynst all rjght. 

^HLyke that vnlrue rebell 
^^BUa Eayn agaynst Abell. 


^^V Who so therat pyketh mood, 
^^^te tokens are not good 

To be true Euglysh blood j 

For, yf they vnderslood 

Hia Iraylourly dispygbt. 

He woa a rocrayed knyghl. 

TOL. I. 14 

1 ^ 


A subtyll svsmatyke, 

Ryght nere an heretyke. 

Of grace out of the state. 

And died excomunjcate. ^ 

And for be was a kjnge. 
The more shamefull rekenjnge 
Of hjm should men report. 
In emest and in sport. 
He skantlj loueth our kynge, 
That grudgeth at this thing : 
That cast such ouerthwartes 
Percase haue hollow hartes. 

Si vtrUaUm dieo^ quare non creditis 



76, festa dtesy toto resonabilis cevo, 
}ua Scottus Jacobus, obrutus ense, cadit 
hara Scottorum gens, perfida, plena malorvrHf 
^indtur ad Norram, vertitur in que fug am. 
ta palus, sed campestris, (horie memoratur 
ranxton more), Scottis terra perosa fuiU 
tica contra fremunt Floddun sub moniihus 

>ucB valide invadens dissipat Angla manus. 
\ia Scottorum trusit gens Anglica passim ; 
uxuriat tepido sanguine pinguis humus : »« 
s animal miseri miseras misere sub umbrae, 
^ars ruit in foveas, pars subiit latebras. 
I quid agit Jacobus, damnorum germine cretusl 
\rfidus ut Nemroth, lapsus ad ima ruit, 
■ modo, Scottorum dudum male sane malorum 
Sector, nunc regeris, tnortuus, ecce, jaces / 
Leo te rapidus, Leo Candidus, inclytus ursit, 
}uo Leo tu Rubev^ ultima fata luis. 
'l^a, due choreas; resonent tua tympana, 

psaUas ; ^ 
<2 laudes Domino, da pia vota Deo, » 

HcBc laureatus SkeUonis, regius orator. 

^ tjfmpana^ psaUas\ Qy. " tympana psalmis? " 


Salne./eiia dies, tola memoralfitis caio. 

Qua rex Jlenricus Gailica bella premit, 
IFenricus nuilans Octaviis noster in armit 

Tirwinam genJit mania siravit humi. 
Sceptriger Anglorum helio validissimus ITeelor, 

Francomin gentis eolia tuperba tent. 
Dttx armis nuper Celebris, modo dux inermii, 

De Longville modo die quo lua pompa ruil? 
De Clenaount chtvs dudum die, GaUe sitperb^^ 

Unds superbva eris ? carcere nonne germs ? 
IHscite Francorum gens calera capta, Britatm** 

Noacite magnanimum, mbdiu vosque sibi. 
Gloria Cappadoeit, ditite milesque Mariie, 

fllius hie sub ope Gailica regna reget. 
Hoc insigiie bonum, divhm numins gtstum, 

Angliea gens Teferat semper. 

Per Sktltuitida laureaCum, oratorem regi\ 



ato8 Anglos, spurcissime Scote, quid effers f 
m es, quoque sons, mendax, tua spurcaque 
mcca est, 

Anglicus a tergo 
caudam gerit ; 
est canis ergo. 
Anglice caudate, 
cape caudam 
ne cadat a te, * 
Mix causa caudle 
manet Anglica 
gens sine laude, 

Diffamas patriam, qua non 

est melior usquam. 
Cum Cauda plaudis dum " 

possis, ad ostia pultas 
Mendlcans ; mendicus eris, 

mendaxque hilinguisy 

Mmmui] So, perhaps, Skelton wrote; butqy. " Vllis- 
? "—This ptx^m from Miirslie's ed. of Skelton's WbrkeSf 


Scabidus, horrihilis^ quern 
vermes sexque pedcUes 

Corrodunt misere ; miseris 
genus est maledictum, 

Skelton, nohilU poet^ 

Gup, Scot, 
Ye blot : 
Set in better 
Thy pentameter. 
This Dundas, 
This Scottishe as, 
He rymes and railes 
That Bnglishmen haue tailes. 

Skekonus laureatus* 
Anglicus natus, 
Provocat Musas 
Contra Dundas 
Spurctssimum Scotum^ 
Undique notum, 
Rusiice fotum, 
Vapide potum. 
Skehon laureat 
After this rate 
Defendeth with his pen 
All Englysh men 
Agayn Dundas, 
That Scottishe asse. 


Shake thy tayle, Scot, lyke a cur, 

For thou beggest at euery inannes dur : 

Tut, Scot, I sey. 

Go shake thy ^ dog, hey ! 

Dundas of Gala way 

With thy versyfyeng rayles v 

How they haue tayles. 

By Jesu Christ, 

Fals Scot, thou lyest : 

But behynd in our hose 

We here there a rose 

For thy Scottyshe nose, 

A spectacle case 

To couer thy face, 

With tray deux ase. 

A tolman to blot, « 

A rough foted Scot ! 

Dundas, sir knaue, 

Why doste thow depraue 

This royall reame. 

Whose radiant beame 

And relucent h'ght 

Thou hast in despite. 

Thou donghyll knyght ? 

But thou lakest might, 

Dundas, dronken and drowsy, sn 

Skabed, scuruy, and lowsy. 

Of vnhappy generacion 

And most vngracious nacion. 

^ %1 Qy- " th4 ? " but see notes. 



That dronke asse, 
That rati 3 and rankis, 
That prates and prankes 
On Huntley bankes, 
Take this our thankes ; 
Dunde, Dunbar, 
Walke, Scot, 
Walke, sot, 
Bajle not to far. 







"ate meis elegis, pia turma sororum, 

Margaretam collacrymate piam, 
sub mole latet regis cehhernma mater 
nrici magni, quern locus iste fovet ; 
1 locus iste sacer celehri celehrat polyandro^ 
ius en genitrix hac tumulatur humo / 
cedat Tanaquil (Titus have super astra re- 

ddt Penelopej cams UHxis amor : 

Abigail, velut Hester, erat pietate secunda : 
I tres jam proceres nobilitate pares ! ic 

iomina, precor, implora, pro principe tanta 
ecte Deum precibus, qui legis hos apices. 
1 referre piget, calamus torpore rigescit, 
^rmit Meccenas, negligitur probitas ; 
}uvat, aut modicum prodest, nunc ultima versu 
^ta recensere (mortua mors reor est). 

'rom Marshe's ed. of Skelton's WorkeSj 1568, collated 
the piece as given in RegeSy Regina, NdbileSy et alii in 
«w CoUegiata B. Petri WesimoncuteHi sejmUij &c., 1603, 


Queen's quid decus estf d£cus est modo dicier 
hircus ; 

Cedit honos hirco, cedit honorque capro. 
Fallens ipse Charon ; itenim surrexit Abyron, 

Et Stygios remos despicit iUe tuos. " 

Vivitur ex voto : mentis prcecordia tangunt 

Nulla sepulcra ducum, nee monumenta patrum; 
No7i regum, non ulla hominum labentia fato 

Tempora^ nee totiens mortua turba ruens. 
Hinc statuo certe penturce parcere ckarta, 

Ceu Juvenalis avet eximius satirus. 

Distichon execrationis in phctgoloBdoros, 

Qui laceraty violatve rapit prcesens epitomaj 
Hunc laceretque voret Cerberus absque moral 

Calon, a^aton, cum areta. Re, in pa* 

Hanc tecum statuas dominam, precor, Osatororlnii 

Quo regnas rutilans rex sine fine manensl 


^ore ye CaUiope erabrawdred with letters 
of golde ? * 


As ye may se, 
Regent is she 

Of poetes al, 
Whiche gaue to me 
The high degre 
Laureat to be 

Of fame royall ; 
Whose name enrolde 
With silke and golde 
I dare be bolde 

Thus for to were. 
Of her I holde 
And her housholde ; 
Though I waxe olde 

And somdele sere, 
Yet is she fayne, 

5se pieces on Calliope from Marshe's ed. of Skelton*! 


Voyde of disdayn, 
Me to retayne 

Her seruiture : 
With her certayne 
I wyll remayne, 
As my souerayne 

Moost of pleasure, 
Maulqre touz maiheiireux. 


Cur tihi contexta est aurea Calliope ? 


Candida Calliope, vatum regincL, coronans 
Pierios lauro, radiante intexta sub auro! 
Hanc ego Pierius tanto dignahor honore, 
Dum mihi vita manet, dum spiritus has regit arttn • 
Quamquam conjicior senio marcescoque sensiit^i 
Ipse tamen gestare sua hcec pia pignora certo, 
Assensuque sua pi acid is parebo camenis. 
Inclyta Calliope, et semper mea maxima cura es^' 

Hcec Pierius omni Spartauo liberior, 


Musarum excellentissima, speciosis^ima, fortnosi^' 
sima, hero ids prceest versibus. 





The man that doth wed a wyfe 
For her goodes and her rychesse,\ 

And not for lygnage femynatyfe, i 
Procureth doloure and dystresse, 
With infynyte payne and heuynesse ; 

For she wyll do hym moche sorowe, 

Bothe at euyn and at morowe. 


The dartes ryght cursed of Enuye 
Hath rayned sythe the worlde began, 

Whiche bryngeth man euydently 
Into the bondes of Sathan ; 
Wherfore he is a dyscrete man 

That can eschewe that euyll synne 

Where body and soule is lost in. 


Dyuers by voluptuousnes 
Of women, the which be present, 

* From Marshe^s ed. of Skelton*s Workes, 1668. 

Be broiiglil info full great dysirea, 
Forgellyng verlues excellent 
Of God, ihi! wliych \i permanent. 
And sufiretli lliemselfe to be bounde 
In cordtis, as it were a hounde. 

Come Iiylber, and lake [bis boke, and I 
therein for your lernyng witli clere iyen, and lobv 
in tbis boke, that shewetb you folysh fooles willi- 
out wyt or vnderslanding. Petunyous foolea, that 
bee auaryce, and for to baue good tyme and to 
lyue meryly, weddeth these olile wyddred wotnerip 
whych hHlh sackes full of nobles, clarylye here 
your Byghle, and ye shal know what goodnea 
commeih therby, and wliaC joye and gladnes. 
Some there be that habandontili ihen]--plfe for lo 
gather togylher Ihe donge that yasueib oute of 
theyr aases arse, for to Ijnde eiiermore grese: it 
is gretfl foly irulye; but yet the yonge man la 
more folyesher the whiche weddeth an olde wyfe, 
for to baue her gotde and syluer. I gay thai he 
is a great foole that laketh anne oldo wyfe for litt 
goodes, and ie much to blame. 

They the whiehe do so procureth all irybulii' 
tions: for with her he shall neither baue ioji 
recreacion, nor rest. He noryeslielh sirjfes and 
greate debate.', iboughle, payne, anguyshe, and 
melancoly : and yf he wolde accomplyssbe the 
workes of maryage, hee may not, for s' 
debylyte, colde, vnpropyce, ynnniunill, a 


currente, for the coldenes that is in her. The 
husbande of this olde wyfe hath none esperaunce 
to haue lygnage by her, for he neuer loued her. 
The man is a verye foole to make his demoraunce 
vpon such an olde wife. Whan he thinketh som- 
time ypon such thynges, he lescth his naturall wit, 
in cursynge hymselfe more then a m. tymes with 
the golde and the syluer, and the cursed hasarde 
of Fortune. And when he seeth his poore lyfe in 
suche dystresse, his hert is all oppressed with 
melancoly and dolour: but whan the vnhappye 
man seeth that it is force, and that hee is con- 
stray ned to haue pacience, he putteth his cure to 
draw to hym the money of the olde wyddred 
woman in makyng to her glade chere. And whan 
hee hath the money and the bagge with nobles, 
God knoweth what chere he maketh, wythoute 
thynkinge on them that gathered it. And when 
he hath spente al, he is more vnhappyer than hee 
was before. Yf that the foole be vnhappye, it is 
well ryghte, for hee hath wedded auaryce, mother 
of all euylles : yf hee had taken a wyfe that had 
ben fayre and yonge, after his complection, he had 
not fallen into so great an inconuenience. It is 
wry ten in auncient bokes, that hee whiche weddeth 
a wyfe by auaryce, and not for to haue lygnage, 
hath no cure of the honestie of matrymonye, and 
thynketh full euyll on his conscience. The vnyon 
of maryage is decayed ; for, vnder the colon re of 
good and loyall maryage, is wedded auaryce, as 


we Be euery day by ejti>ei'ienee ihrougl] the worH. 
And one wil haue a wife, and thai hee marke his 
to be (lemaunded ia maryage, ihey will enqiiyro 
of his rychea and conninge. And on llie oilier 
syde he wyl demaunde great goodes wiih her, W 
noryaslie Iier witli : for and her fatbei- and mollier 
and frendes hane no gi^ale rycbes, he wyllnolof 
bar; but and slie be ryche, bee demaundeih noofl 
other ihynge. It is written, that one were better 
haue his house in deaerle, whereas no mendon 
sliooldebeof hynijthennelobidewiihsuchewyaei!, 
for ihey be replete with all cm-aednes. And (he 
pore foole brekelh bis liearle ; be loseih his soule, 
and corrompetb his Iwdy. He aelleih his joulii 
vnio the olde wife that weddelh her for anarjce, 
and bath but noyae and discention, in vsyng his Ijft 
tlius in eynne, Coiisydre, you foolea, what seru)'- 
tude ye put your self in, when ye wedde such 
wyucs, I pray you be cbaat, if that ye wj'lllyue 
without vnhap. My frends, whiehe be not in llwl 
bande, put you not therin, and yee ahalbe wS 
happy. Notwi lbs landing, I defende you not ID 
marj', but 1 exhorte you to take a wyfe that je 
may haue progeny by, and solace bodely and 
go»lly,and therel)y to wyn the ioyes of ParadyBOi 

Approche, you folyshe enuyous, the which tnil 
1 by ihem that ye hate, come and se 
e youre peruerse and euyll condyciona. 


O Enuy, that deuoureth the condycions of men, 

and dyssypers of honour ! Thou makest to haue 

rauisshynge heartes famyshed ; thou brennest the 

desyres, and sleeth the soule in the ende ; thou 

engendrest the darte enuyronned with mischefe, 

that whiche traueyleth diuers folkes. Cursed 

foole, howe haste thou thy heart so replete with 

cruelte? for, if I haue temporall goodes, thou 

wilte haue enuye therat ; or, if that I can worke 

well, and that I apply mee vnto dyuers thynges 

the whiche be honest, or if that I haue castels, 

landes, and tenementes, or if that I am exalted 

vnto honoure by my science, or won it by my 

hardyues truely and iustlye, or if that I am be- 

loued of dyuers persons whiche reclaymeth mee 

good and vertuous and of a noble courage, thou 

wylt vilepende me with thy wordes : thou wottest 

ueuer in what maner thou mayst adnychell mine 

honour. Thy malicious hert is hurt with a mor- 

tall wounde, in such wise that thou haste no ioye 

nor solace in this world, for the darte of Enuye 

perceth thy herte lyke a spere. Thou hast wylde 

lycoure, the whiche maketh all thy storaacke to 

be on a flambe. There is no medicyne that raaye 

hele thy mortall wounde. I, beynge in a place 

vhere as myne honoure was magnyfyed, thoughte 

ibr to haue taken alyaunce w^ith an odyfferaunt 

floure, but all sodaynely I was smyten with a 

darte of Enuye behinde my backe, wherthroughe 

all tho that were oft my partye turned theyr 

VOL. I. 15 


b&okes \[ioa me, for to agree to one of Venna 
dissolalc seruaunles, procedjnge frome a hearie 
enuenymed with eiiuje. Wheffore I $ball specy- 
fye tqCo you tlie condycrjons of llie enayoDS. 
Wbo lliat boldelh hym of the subgecles of Eouyc^ 
she conslyiueih lo deaoure and byte euwry boilye; 
gynynge vnhappes and myserves vuio ber aei^ 
ununies. Sucke futkes dolb ibe innocenle a tbou- 
«nnde wroiigea. They be repleoysshed with «o 
many trea^^ns, ihst ibey can not slepe in theyr 
beddes ; tbey baue ito gweie i:antycles nor sooges. 
They bane ibeyr tonges hoiiyed with swete words 
Tuder the coloure of loue ; ihey be lone, and in- 
fecte of rygoure Ibese enuyous, more byllerer 
Ihenne the gall of the fysbe glauca, wylb theyr 
eyeu beholdioge a Irauers, of storaackes ebaufed 
syniillously, and without their mouthes, as the 
Tyoe that is newe cut, tbey be enayroiied wiih 
rage and greate anguyssbe. beholdynge euennore 
to destroy some body. Conceyae the history of 
Joseph in your myndes, the whieh had viL 
brethren, that were enuyous against bim which 
was the yongesle, and solde lijm vnio the mu- 
chauntes of Egypie by enuy, and betrayed him; 
the which were delybered of a longe time Lo baw 
destroyed bim. These enuioua neuer laugliB bPl 
ivban some good man bath domage vpon the sc« 
orlande; or at the disforlune of gome body, b« 
dryoketh his bloud as milke. Notwilhstandinge 
s heart is euer enbraced with enuy, and oj long* 


( he lyuuth it aliall gnawe his Lert. Hee re- 
getnbleth vnio Ethna whiche brenneth alwnyes. 
As of Romulus, and Kemtts his broiher, the 
wbiche Homulua eiJefyed firel Korae, and gaiie il 
to name Rome, nfter bis owne nume. Mi^ueriheles 
lliey were pasloure, for they eslublysheil lawea in 
tbe citie. And Romulus punished eucryb body 
cgally. He dyd insljiute lymitles or markes 
abouie ihe citie, and ordeyned mat he that passed 
■s shuld be put to death. His brotber 
I them, wherforti be was put volo death in- 
1 the same place. Wee rede also 
pCayme slewe his owna brother by enuje. 
: eueainple seniblablye of AtreuB, of 
whom hia brother occupyed the parke, howe welt 
^«t ihey were in ibe realme slronge and puya- 
o defende them ? It was Thesiiia that 
eipuked his brother oute of the realme by enuy, 
•ndwaa called agayne byeaiise that lie had tak".ii 
'he parke, aod fynally was bunyshed, and bj 
enaje and vnder the eolour of peace he was sunt 
for. And when bee was coinraen vuto a feast, he 
oisde his Iwo children for to be rested, and made 
llieim to drynke their bloude. what horroure 
"M it to see his iwoo children dye (hat were so 
ifiCKtB t In lykewise Kibiocles by his bretlireo 
Moeyned great ehormylies by that cursed Eiiuye. 
feou prudent roan, if thou wilt be discrole, 
gwd, and wise, Hye from Enuy, and thou shall 
flnde thy selfe sounde of body and soule 1 


Eyghte heariely I besecbe you, fulyashe onJ 
lecherous people, tlint it will please you for to 
come and moke a litell collacion in thiabooke; 
find if tliere be any iliinge that I can do for yon, 
7 Hin all yours both body and goodes ; for truelje 
I haue an ardauntu desyre to doo you some men- 
torioiia ^ dede, bicaiifie that I hnue ener frequenied 
your Beruyce, 

Nowe hei'ken what I haue found yon, cauiellous 
women. They that the pappes be sene hU naked, 
their heyre combed and trassed in dyuere plaiws 
memeylously, he vnreasonabie fooles, for thej 
dresse Iheim like voluptuous harlottes, that make 
their heyre to appere at theyr browes, yalowe ns 
iine golde, made id lytel tresses for to draws 
yonge folke to theyr loue. Some, for to hane 
their goodes, presenleth to theim their beddes for 
to take their camall desires j and after ihat thfj 
haue taken all iheir dispvorles, they pill theim M 
an onion. The other, for to haue their plesam 
raondayne, cheseth theim that she louetb be* j 
and maketh sygnyfyanm* to theim, sayeng'Itet 1 
she is anamoured on theim. Thou srt * TUfe I 
idyot so (o abandone thy selfe vnto the Tylft eynB* 
of lecherye, for thou leltest thy selfe be wraRH^ 


therein, lyke as a calfe or a shepe is bounde in a 
corde, in suche wise that ye can not vnbynde 
youre selfe. O foole, haue aspecte vnto that 
whiche thou commyttest! for thou puttest thy 
poore soule in great daunger of damnation eter- 
nall; thou puttest thy goodes, thyne vnderstand- 
inge, and thy ioy, vnto dolorous perdicion : and 
for all that yee bee in your wor[I]dly pleasures, 
yet it is mengled with dystres or with mysery, 
greate thoughte or melancoly. I requyre thee, 
leue thy wor[l]dlye pleasures, that endureth no 
lenger then the grasse of the feelde. Yf you haue 
ioye one only momente, thou shalt haue twayne 
of sorow for it. Wee rede of Sardanapalus, that 
for his lecherye and lybidinosite fell into hell ; 
the whiche put him selfe in the guise of a poore 
woman : his men, seinge hym so obstinate in that 
vile sinne, slewe him, and so fynished hee his 
dayes for folowinge of his pleasaunce mondayne. 
The soueraigne Creatour was more puyssante 
thenne this wretched sinner. Let vs not apply 
our selfe therto, sith that hee punysheth sinners 
so asprely ; but with all our hertes enforce we 
our selfe for to resist againste that vyle and ab- 
bomynable sinne of lechery, the whiche is so full 
of enfeccion and bytternes, for it distayneth the 
Boule of man. Fie frome the foolisshe women, 
that pylleth the louers vnto the harde bones, and 
you shal be beloued of God and also of the 

ri.YCACiON, flee. 

ffonoriJieatiMimo,' amplimmo, hngeque rtve- 
rendisunto in Ckrislo patri, ac doiaino, dondno 
Thomre, S/c, titidt sanetie Cecilia, sacroaaneUl 
RitmaiKE eeclesiie presbytero, Cardinali tneritiiti- 
mo, et apostolicte sedts legato, a iaferegue legolo 
superillustri, Sfc, Skellonis Imireatut, ora. ttg^ 
iiumiUimam dicit obsequitim cum omni debiia 
revereittia, tanio tamque magnifieo digna pnneipi 
tacerdolum, totiatqtte justitite eegaabiltssimo modi- 
ratore, necnon pnesentii opusculi fauiore ered- 
lenlissimo, SfC^ ad etijiu auspicatiitimam conltit- 
plationem, sub memorabiU prelo ghrioaa ii 
lalitatit, prtesena pagella /elicitalur, Jfc 


Orasiontet nimium, nimium sItriUsque labnadi^ 
fined quas Domini Sabaol 7ion siistinet vltra 
Laxiut expandi, nostra est rtsecare voluntas. 

Cum priviltgio a rege indtdto. 


Proteslacion alway canonically prepensed, pro- 
fessed, and with good delyberacion made, that 
this lytell pamphilet, called the Replicacion of 
Skelton laureate, ora. reg., remordyng dyuers 
recrayed and moche vnresonable errours of cer- 
tayne sophystycate scolers and rechelesse yonge 
heretykes lately abiured, &c. shall euermore be, 
with all obsequious redynesse, humbly submytted 
vnto the ryght discrete reformacyon of the reue- 
rende prelates, and moche noble doctours of our 
mother holy Churche, &c. 

Ad almam Uhwersitatem Cantabrigensem, S^c. 

Eulogium consolationis. 

Alma parens Cantabrtgensis, sk"/*^*^ 

Our lacrymaris? Esto, tui sint laureate pri- 

, , , mam mam- 

Deqeneres hi filiolL sed inam erudi- 

*' •^ , tionis pieii- 

^on 00 tnertes, O pia mater, tissime pro. 

Insciolos vel decolor esto. 
Progenies non nohilis omnis, 
Quam tuaforsan mamma fovehaU 
Tu tamen esto Palladis almce 
Gloria pollens plena Minerva, 
Dum radiabunt astra polorum : 
Jamque valeto, meque foveto, 
^amque tihi quondam cams alumnus eram. 


How yong scolers novre a ^ 
i> bullied with the H^blowen blast of tlu! 
■ iwoelie vayiie gbrioua pipplyng wyadej 
K wbao th<;y baue dcleutubly lycked » 
' lytfill of tbe lycoroua eleuluary of liuiy 

lemyng, in ihe rooche studious soolt:- I 
" lious of sirupiiloiia Pbitology, countjng i 
'*'***''nSai ^^^"^ ^"""'^ ck-rU's exellently entbrmd 
■tnlaniioHM and transcendingly ajied in moche high 
Mio- connyng, and wban they liaue ones la- 
k perciliusly i;aught 

'^ A. lytell nigge of relhorike, 

■' A lesse lumpe of logyke, 
piiiruaipiiiiii A pece tir a patclie at' philosophy, 
^nlugiari' Than forlhnith by and by 
K^"l1' They tumble bo In llieology, 
52Sn'?Kc^ Drowned iu dregges of diuinite, 

^ That they iuge them selfe able to U 
fti\hit«m. Doelours of tbe eliayre in rbe Oynim 
^BEi.u. At the Thre Cranes, 
wn. fBciiieii- To magnifye ibeir nttmes: ' 

■^'- ^"'- But madly it frnmea, 

II For all thai iliey prethe and iHube 
Is farther than their wyiie wyll reciifc 

[| Thus by demeryllea of their abusjoi'i 


Finally they fall to carefull confusyon anseres stre- 

•^ •' •' peiitea uiier 

To beare a fagot, or to be enflamed : eauoros oio- 

res, relega- 

Thus are they vndone and vtterly mus ad tr^s 

I J grues hac- 

snamecl. cimto b.o- 

mio iiiitiatos, 
pro foribus 
Vinitoris, propter fluenta Thamisice. Ubi poti potati cum fusciculo 
inambusio ainbustum futuruiii fasciculum peusitate, Sec. hsec 11. 


Licet non e7iclitice, 

Tamen enthymematice^ 
Notandum iniprimis^ 

Ui ne quid nimis, 
Tantum pro primo, 

Ouer this, for a more ample processe 
to be farther delated and contynued, 
and of euery true christenman lauda- 
bly to be enployed, iustifyed, and con- 
stantly maiiiteyned ; as touchyng the 
tetrycall theologisacion of these demy 
diuines, and Stoicall studiantes, and fris- Stoicam 
caioly yonkerkyns, moche better bayned non primus 
than brayned, basked and baththed in juveiles 
their wyldeburblyngandboylingblode, Zt-^H" 
feruently reboyled with the infatuate Salir'^^ 
flames of their rechelesse youthe and ^'^"a"]! ^^• 

^ rnae, fre- 

wytlesse wontonnesse, enbrased and en- q«e"ter fieri 

'' , ' Bolent sedm- 

terlased with a moche fantasticallfrenesy *«i- haec 

^ Dias. 

of their insensate sensualyte, surmysed 

^^f itu 


^^^ ~"'S~ 

rnaurcly in their periliermeniall priS* 

1 hu 

pies, lo praie anil (o preche prou Jlj and 

leiidly, and loudly to Ijei and yet xbey 

^H rTB 

were but febly enformed inmaisierPor- 

pliiria problemes, and liaue waded bul 


wi^kly in his llire tnaner of darkly 

^^^H Juwliix^ 

workes, aiiBleticalJ, topimll, and logj- 

^B -'"'s?' 

call : howbeit ihey were puffed bo I'lill 

^^^^1 tt* Mu^ibU 

elacjon, ihat popholy andpenysshepre- 

^M 'r:^,^ 

Bumpcion prouolied them to publysabe 

^H EX".."' 

and lo preche lo people imprudent pe 

^^^H Mikhw* til- 

rilously, howe it was idolalry looffrelo 

ymages of our blessed lady, or to pray 

^m re::. 

and go on pylgriinages, or lo loske 

^^V "^^ula 

oblacions to any ymages of sayntea in 

^^ «Hl» roin- 

churches or els where. 

Agaynst whiche erronyous erronr!, 


odyous, orgulyous, and flyblovea 

opjnions. See., 

^Jl.. quill •> 

ictiiui spoiiDlica '.'lun CdnmsDiiiKi nuifna ComnV' 


1. in coi«.l>o L«.,™, muulf-»™p™„ uj;^ 

To Ihe honour of onr blessed lady, 


And her most blessed baby. 


I purpose for lo reply • 

ft. -^ ^^X 

Agnynat ibis horryble heresy 

M^ Ikl iill>lrK- 

Of iliese yotig heretikes, ihat sljnk* 

r I'l^^Ti^ 





Whom I nowe sommon and content, 
That leudly haue their tyme spent, 
In their study abhomynable, 
Our glorious lady to disable, 
And heynously on her to bable 
With langage detestable ; 
With your lyppes polluted 
Agaynst her grace disputed, 
Whiche is the most clere christall 
Of all pure clennesse virgynall. 
That our Sauyour bare, 
Whiche vs redemed from care. 

I saye, thou madde Marche hare, 
I wondre howe ye dare 
Open your ianglyng iawes, 
To preche in any clawes, 
Lyke pratynge poppyng dawes, 
Agaynst her excellence, 
Agaynst her reuerence, 
Agaynst her preemynence, 
Agaynst her magnifycence. 
That neuer dyde offence. 

Ye heretykes recrayed, 
Wotte ye what ye sayed 
Of Mary, mother and mayed ? 
With baudrie at her ye brayed ; 
With baudy wordes vnraete 
Your tonges were to flete ; 
Your sermon was nat swete ; 
Ye were nothyng discrete ; 

O prodigi* 
ofa proge- 
nies, qualein 
de filio quae- 
riiiii habere 
dium, cujus 
matrem iiift- 
ciamini esse 
matrem mis- 
** ericordisB ? 
Caiiit tamr.i 
Salve, regi- 



dioe, &c. 

voe, O Ari- 
aui, Juliaiio 
apostaia ^r- 


voi, O spur- 
cissimi, O 
vilissimi, O 
matris Chrii- 




^^H^ K)6 

A i[t:nLycACioM, &a. ^H 

Ye were in a dronken hete. ^^H 


H i^ 

Lyke Iierotjkes eonfetlred, ^^M 
Te count jouraeife wele letlredi -^^f 

Your lernyng is slarke nought, ^^^ 

P'or sljamefully ye liaue wcought, 

And iu filjame your seli'e- huue brougliL 

H »?i 

fiycuuse ye her mysnamtiJ, 
■ And wolde baue her duf'amed, • | 

^H ir.i?o°- 

Your madnesse she attamed ; 


For ye were woi'ldly shamed, ( 

At Poules crosse openly, 

AJl men ean teatifye ; 

^^H ^N'HI^^t 

, Tliere, lyke a aorle of sottes, 

^V Sr'B 

. Ye were fayne to beare fagottea ; 

^^^H anl, nan vn- 
^^^H mi, iDquam, 

] At the feeat of her concepcion 

^B s:i?f. i^r: 

! Ye Buffred suche correcrion. 

^B X^^ 

Sive per tequivocvm. 

^H ni.v.n'^'' 

■ Sivt per univocum, " 


Sive lie, tive nat so. 

Ye are brought lo, Lo, lo, lo ! 

^^^B (^i;]™''' 

Se where the herelykes go, 
', Wytlesse wandring lo and fro ! 

^^^H tniixlBDl. 

With, Te he, la ha, bo ho, bo ho! 

And suche wondringea many mo- 

Helas, ye wreches, ye may be wo! 

Ye may syng wele away, 

And curse bothe nyght and day, 

Whan ye were bredde and borne, • 

^^^M ncO But 

And whan ye were preeaies shoroe, 
Thus to be laughed to akorne, 

,.- r 



rhus tattred and thus torne, 
rhorowe your owne foly, 
ro be blowen with the flye 
Of horryble heresy. 
Fayne ye were to reny, 
And mercy for to crye, 
Or be brende by and by, 
Confessyng howe ye dyde lye 
In prechyng shamefully. 

Your selfe thus ye discured 
As clerkes vnassured, 
With ignorance obscured : 
Ye are vnhappely vred. 
In your dialeticall 
And principles silogisticall, 
If ye to remembrance call 
Howe syllogisari 
■"on est ex particularij 
Netpie negatims, 
^ecte concludere si vis, 
•® ccBtera id genus, 
J^e coude nat corde tenus, 
^or answere verho tenus, 
Whan prelacy you opposed ; 
Your hertes than were hosed, 
Your relacions reposed ; 
And yet ye supposed 
^99pondere ad quantum, 
fiut ye were confuse tantum, 
Surrendring your supposycions, 



vos, O La- 


non, neqne 



nes veritatia 
no propositio- 
numnon re 
lucent, &o. 



For there ye myst you[r] quosstiwir^. 
Wolde God, for your owne ease, 
JTJ^J: Thiit wyse Harpocrates 
J^^ Had your mouthes stopped, ^^h 
JJiJ^ And your longes cropped, ^^^H 

j^;^_^ Wtan ye logyke chopped) ^^^| 

jcooi- And in the pulpete hopped, ^^^ 

And folysahly there fopped, ■ 

And porisshly ibrthe popped 

Your sysmaticale gawea 

Agaynat Groddes lawea, 

And shewed your selfe dawes I 
It pt»- Ye argued argumentes, 
hujua As it were vpon the elenkes, 
■ hie He rehis apparentihut 
IoqH^' £!t non existentibus ; 

And ye wolde appere wyse, 

But ye were fofyssLe nyse: ■ 

Tet be meanes of that vyse 

Ye dyde prouoke and tyse, 

Of'inar than ones or twyae. 

Many a good man 

And many a good woman, 

By way of their deuocion 

To htfipe you to promocion, 

Whose charite wele regarded 

Can nat he vn re warded, 
rronlo J ggye it for no eedicion, " 

But Tuder pocient tuicyoD, 

It is halfe a supersticyon 



you exhibycion 
teyne with your skoles, 
DFoue your selfe suche foles. 
of you had ten pounde, 
b for to be founde 

id whiche myght haue be 
etter other wayes. 
he man sayes, 
ade eteth many a flye : 
ay be ment hereby, 
soone make construction 
;ht lytell instruction ; 
an auncyent brute, 
Dple tre, suche frute. 
ulde I prosecute, 
of this to clatter? 
e we to our matter. 
Dred ouer hye 
lyans heresy, 
mes to magnifye, 
:he scabbed skyes 
lifFes flesshe flyes ; 
iged so Luthers lute, 
dawns all in a sute 
itykes ragged ray, 
nges you out of the way 
churches lay ; 
le inter enigmata 



£x fructt- 
bus eorum 
eos, &c. 


BBquo aucu- 
pium aguni, 

vos.O Wich 





^H^ S40 



And inter paTodigmata, 


Marked in your cradula 


To beare t'agoiies !br babyla. 


And yet some men aay, 


Howe je are tbis day, 


And be nowe as yll, 


And so ye wyli be styll. 


As ye were before. i» 



^^^1 Oonvanls 

Men hiiue you in suspidon 

^^^H bo.1 wiphis- Howe je baue small contrydoQ 1 


Of that ye baue myswrought : 1 


For, if it were w«ll Bougb^ ' 


One of you iLere was 


That Jaughed whan he dyd pas 


With his fagol in processjon ; 


He counted it for no correction, 


But with scoroefull affection * 


Toke it for a sporte, 


His heresy to supporte j 


Whereat a ibousanJe gased, 


As people halfe amased, 


And ibougiit in hym amale grace 


His foly so to face. 


Some iuged in this case 


Your penauitce loke no place, 


Your penaunce waa to lyght ; 


And thought, if ye had right, " 

^^M toUci i^ 

Ye sliulde take further payne ^m 


I'o resorte agayne ^^H 



ices where ye haue preehed, 

our lollardy lernyng teched, 

lere to make relacion 

in predycacion, 

nowlege your offence 

J open audyence, 

falsely ye had surmysed, 

euyllysshely deuysed 

2ople to seduce, 

base them thorowe the muse 

jr noughty counsel!, 

nt them into hell, 

jlowyng out your homes, 

f mockysshe scornes, 

3hatyng and rechatyng, 

our busy pratyng : 

J gospell and the pystels 

ke out many thystels, 

remely with your bristels 

)ble and ye clout 

Scripture so about, 

)eople are in great dout 

iare leest they be out 

good Christen order. 

ill thyng ye disorder 

ive out euery bord[e]r. 

ad ben moche better 

1 neuer lerned letter, 

)ur ignorance is gretter, 

i you fast and sure, 

OL. I. 16 


no Sum |ri*> 
rique alii, 
86(1 non 
alieni, qui 
paene enun* 
liani, &c. 



V08, mule 
23U docii legism, 




Tlian all your Ijtieralure. ^^^| 


Te are but lydder loffiei, ^^^M 

^B \ 

Bui moche worse isagogici, ^^^| 

^V "'. 

For }-e haue enduced a secte ^^^| 

With hen-^y all JDfecle ; ^^| 


Wbetfure ye are well checte, ^^H 


And by holy churcbe correcte, --^^H 


And in mnner as nbiecte, ^H 


For euermore suspecte, ^^| 


And banysshed in cSect ^^| 


Prom all honest tompaoy, ■ 


Byeause ye haue eaten a fije, 


To your great vyilony. 


That neuer more may dye. 

^^1 na. o h^pcK Come forihe, ye popeholy, 


Full of melancoly ; 


Your madde ipocrisy. 


And your idiocy, ■ 


And your vayne glorie, 


Haue made you eaie the flye, 


Pufte full of heresy. 

To preche ii idolairy. 


"Who so doihe magnifye 

\ That glorious mayde Mary i 


" That glorious maj-de and mother, 

>w>, o 

So was there neuer another 


■ Bui thai princcjse alone. 

To whom «e are bounde ecbcue • 

The ymage of her grace 


To iruen-nee in euerj- place. 


J, ye braynlesse beestes, vo^^p^Su- 

igle you suche iestes, S?^""**"*' 


ers affynite, 

)eople of lay fee, 

: in your rages 

hyppe none ymages, 

pylgrymages ? wo 

^e deuyllysshe pages, 

luche dottages, 

3 your selfe good clerk es, 

pper in suche werkes ? 

Gregorie and saynt Ambrose, Com-enio 
o J > V08, o (IB- 

reed them, I suppose, moniaci mo 

' r r 7 ndianii ate. 

ii'ome and saynt Austen, 
ler many holy men, 
homas de Aquyno, 
ler doctours many mo, s» 

de latria do trete ; 
e howe latria is an honour grete, 
ng to the Deite : 
TQ nedes must agre. 
trowe, your selfe ye ouerse 
ngeth to Christes humanyte. 
le reed de hyverdulia, Nota de 

^^ lairia, hy- 

knowe what betokeneth dulia : perduiia, du- 
dl ye fynde it fy rme and stable, sanciosanxi- 

« . , , . , lum esiCon- 

»ur taithe moche agreable, 290 staminopoh 

L «, ^ ab ecclesia 

nyppe ymages of sayntes. cathoiica et 

e make ye no mo restrayntes, uerum^Tn- 


qu^w sibi ^"* mcnde your mjndes that are mased; 
vuii, fatcicu- Or els doutlesse ye shalbe biased, 

lain consu- •' ' 

liie inflam- And be brent at a stake, 

malum, &c. 

If further busynesse that ye make. 
medianuler- Theifore I vyse you to forsake 
^iie ve- Of heresy the deuyllysshe scoles, 

And crye Gk)dmercy, lyke frantyke 

Tantum pro secundo* 

Peroraiio ad nuper dbjuratas quosdan 
hypotheticos JuBreticoSy SfC, 

AuditCy viri Jsmaelitce^ non dico b- 
raelitce ; 

Audite, inquam, viri Madianitay Ai' 
ecdonitce ; 

Ammonitce, Gahaonitce^ audiU v&Aa 
qtus loquar. 

Opus evangelii est cibus perjectorum; 
Sed quia non estis de genere honorutni 
Qui caterisatis^ categorias cacodcstno' 


Et reliqua vestra problemata, schento^ 
Dilemmata, sinto anatkemata ! 
Ineluctahile argumentum est, 

1 caterisaiis] Qy. "catarrhizatU?** 



tfutaciou responsjue, or an in- 
' prepensed answere to all way- 
i: frowarde altercacyons that can 
be made or obiected agaynst 
laureate, deujser of this Reply- 

fall ye at debate 
Skelton laureate, 
:yng hym vnable 
insay replycable 
'ons detestable 
resy execrable ? 
saye that poetry 

nat flye so hye 
swere or reply 
ist suche heresy 
erfore by and by 

to this rekenyng 
1, that royall kyng, 
1 Hieronymus, 
loctour glorious, 

bothe write and call 

of poetes all, 
)rophete princypall. 



Tota ernu 
via, si doc- 
tor poetas 
(illis autein 
non desum 
ar^ui8 de in- 
scitia. h. 11. 

David rex 
et prophflia 

g>r divum 
mum matri- 
culatur in 
nobili catalo* 
o poetaniin 
Fatei infra, 
&c. hec 11. 



' Tiiis may nat be reinorded) 

For it is wete recorded 

In his pysteU ad PaaUnum, 

Presh/lerum divinum, 

Where words for worde ye may 
>- Rede whai Jerome there dothe My. 

David, inquil, Simonides nosier, Piw 
dariu, et Alceeta, Flaccui guogue, Co 
tallus, alque Serenus, Christum li/ra 
persOTiatf et in decachordo piaUeria 
ab infefis excitat resurgentem. Hat 

The Englysshe. ^H 

Kyng Dauid the prophete, of propbeKi 
Of poettiB chefe poete, saint Jerome 
dothe Wright, » 

Eeeemhled lo Symonides, that pO£ie 
Among the Grekes moat relaceot of 

Id that faculie whiche ghyned ne Ph^ 
bus bright ; 
Lyke to Pyndurus in glorious poetry, 
Lyke vnlo Aleheos, be dothe bytn mif 



Flaccus nor Catullus with hjm maj nat 
Nor solempne Serenus, for all his 
In metricall muses, his harpyng we maj 
spare ; 
For Dauid, our poete, harped so me- 

Of our Sauyour Christ in his deca- 
corde psautry, sio 

That at his resurrection he harped out 

of hell 
Olde patriarkes and prophetes in heuen 
with him to dwell. 

Retume we to our former processe. 

Than, if this noble kyng 

Thus can harpe and syng 

With his harpe of prophecy 

And spyrituall poetry, 

As saynt Jerome saythe. 

To whom we must gyue faythe, 

Warblyng with his strynges 

Of suche iheologicall thynges, i 

Why haue ye than disdayne 

At poetes, and com play ne 

Howe poetes do but fayne ? 

Ye do moche great outrage. 
For to disparage 
And to discorage 

Fama ma* 
iricula, i. 
Bcripta in 
cnartula iin« 
ei schedula 
gratiae in- 
lis, &,c h. il 



The fame matiyculate 
Of poetes laureate. 

For if ye sadly loke. 
And wesely rede iLe Boke ■ 

Of Good Aduertysemeot, 
With me ye must consent 
And infallibly agre 
Oi' neceasyte, 

Howe there b a gpyritnall. 
And a inysteriall, 
And a myfiiicall 
Emrjia Effecle energiatl, 
iiBfl sflicKj: As Grekes do it call, 
wrnuiiui Of auche an industry, ■ 

iiM inipuiiu And Euehe a pregnacy, 
itcMiginaiii, Of heuenly inspyracion 
In laureate creacyon, 
, Of poeies commendacion, 
^^ hi"'"! That of diuyne myseracioQ 
^f«"» ™J God makelli his habytacion 

Sedibu* (In poetes whiche excellee, 
riiuniniiyB-'And EoiotiraE with ibem and dwello- 

iMnB D^i, By whose infiammacion 
dDm, ewiin- Of spyrituall instygacion ■ 

l^iihncfi And diuyni? inspyradon, 

e kyndled in suche facyon 
.t iIKb '^''i''> hele of the Holy Cost, 

Wliich is God of myghles mos^ 
That he on r penne dolfae led^ 


^^Siirai^ And maketb in vs sachfl a\ 





forthwith we must nede 

penne and ynke precede, / 

rme for affection, 

rme for sadde dyrection, / 

rxne for correction, 

^me vnder protection ' 

cient sufferance, 

sobre cyrcumstance, 

lyndes to auaunce 

mannes anoyance ; 
ore no greuance, 
r you, for to take, 
5 that I do make 
nst these frenetykes, 
nst these lunatykes, 
nst these sysmatykes, 
nst these heretykes, 

of late abiured, 
vnhappely vred: , 

le ye wele assured, ' 

frensy nor ielousy 
leresy wyll neuer dye. 


iSf Nolite inique agere ; et delin' 
centibus, Nolite exaUare comu, 

Tantum pro tertio, 

aritate poetarum, deque gymnoso- 
'starumy philosophorum, theologo- 

na Spirituf 
&>ancu gra- 
tia, hsecuia- 

mea calamus 
scribGB velo- 
citer scriben- 
tii. h. psal. 



rurriy ccBterorumque eruditorum 
nita numerositatej SkeL L, epii 

QuiB flunt Sunt tnfiniti»sunttnnumertQue 801 

inter socia- . ^ . . . . f 

but * sicut iSunt tnfiniti, sunt tnnumenque U 

Achate*, h. "^ . , , .7 z • . 

Qa^. dus. Innumen sunt phiLosophij sunt 

Sunt infiniti doctoreSj suntque nn 
Innumeri; sed suntpauci rarique 
Sine omne est rarum carum : reo 

Ante altos omnes divino flamine ^ 
Sic Plato dimnaty divinat sicqi 

crates ; 
^^Max- ^^^ magnus MacedOy sic Ccesar, 

iraura de In- fjfiUS hcrOS 

Bigiu Tenera- 

tione poeta- I^omanus, ceUores semper coluen 


Thus endeth the Replicacyon 
Skel. L. &c. 

1 iodabiu\ Qy. ** sociatos ? ** 
















These be the Xames of the Players: 

fkl.tcttb. i folt. 

Ltbkrtk. Aduebsttb. 

Measure. Pouebte. 

Maqxtftcexce. Dtspaee. 

Faxst. Mtschefe. 

oocxtkrfkt couxtb- goodhope. 

[nauxce]. Redresse. 

Crafty Coxuktausce. [Sad] Ctbccmsi eoctoi. 


*- Fn>m the ed. printed by Rastell, n. d. ; — in which the 
oboT^ list 01 charHo:ejrs is pl^ured at the eud of die 



Felicite. Al thyngys contryuyd by manays 

The world enuyronnyd of hygh and low estate. 
Be it erly or late, welth hath a season, 
Welth is of wysdome the very trewe probate ; 
A fole is he with welth that fallyth at debate : 
But men nowe a dayes so vnhappely be vryd. 
That nothynge than welth may worse be end uryd. 
To tell you the cause me semeth it no nede, 
The amense therof is far to call agayne ; 
For when men by welth, they haue lytyll drede w 
Of that may come after ; experyence trewe and 

Howe after a drought there falleth a showre of 




And ader a liete oft cometh a atormy 
A'iDoit may haut: wellb, but not, as he wolde, 
Ay to contynewe and styll to endure; 
But yf prudence be proued with sad cyrcumapet' 

Welthe mygbt be wonne and made to (he lure, 
If noblc-nesse were aquaynlyd with sober djrec- 

But wyll hath reason so vnder subieccyon, 
And so dysordereth this woi'lde ouer all, 
That welthe and felicile is paasyuge BmHil, 
But where wonnys Wellhe,andamaM wolde' 
For weilhfuU Felicite truly ia my name. 

lA/herte} Mary, Welthe and I was apoynted to 

And eylher I am dysseyued, or ye be the same. 
Fel. Syr, aa ye say, I haue hai-de of your fame i 
Tour name is Lyberte, as I voderstande. 

Lyb. Trewe you say, syr ; gyue meyourhande. 
FeL And from whens come ye, and it niyght 

be askyd ? 
Lyb. To tell you, eyr, I dare not,leest I ebolde 
be mask yd * 

In a payre of fetters or a payre of atockys. 
Fel. Here yoQ not howe this gentylQiaDinockj«J 
Lyh. Ye, to knackynge ernyst what aofW^H 
preue ^H 

' Zj6erte| Enters, probably, lowarda Iho end of Ihe Jirt- 



Fel. Why, to say what he wyll, Lyberte hath 

Lyh, Yet Lyberte hath ben lockyd vp and kept 
in the mew. 

FeL In dede, syr, that lyberte was not worth© 
a cue : 
Howe be it lyberte may somtyme be to large, 
But yf reason be regent and ruler of your barge. 

Lyh, To that ye say I can well condyssende : 
Shewe forth, I pray you, here in what you intende. 

FeL Of that I intende to make demonstracyon, 
It askyth lesure with good aduertysment. « 

Fyrst, I say, we owght to haue in consydera- 

That lyberte be lynkyd with the chayne of coun- 

Lyberte to let from all maner offence ; 
For lyberte at large is lot he to be stoppyd, 
But with countenaunce your corage must be 

Lyh, Then thus to you — 

FeL Nay, suffer me yet ferther to say. 
And peraduenture I shall content your mynde. n 
Lyberte, I wot well, forbere no man there may, 
It is so swete in all maner of kynde ; 
Ilowe be it lyberte makyth many a man blynde; 
By lyberte is done many a great excesse ; 
Lyberte at large wyll oft wax reklesse : 
Perceyue ye this parcell ? 

Lyb. Ye, syr, passyng well : 


but rawe. 
Lyh. Yet suffer me to saj tlie eurplu^e of mj 

What wole ye where vpon I wyll conclude? 
I eaj, there is no wellhe where as lyberte is 

I trowe ye can not say nay moche to thi 
To lyue vntler lawe, it is capiynyte ; 
Where drede ledyth the daunce, there i 

nor biysse ; 
Or howe can you proue that there is feijftyi 
And you haue not your owoe fre lyberte 
To gporte at your plea^are, to ryn snd to 
Where lyberte is absent, set welthe asjit 



Hie intrat Measure. 

Meas, Cry St you assyste in your altrj cacyon ! 

FeL Why, haue you harde of* our dysputacyon ? 

Meas. I parceyue well ho we eche of you doth 

Lyh. Mayster Measure, you be come in good 
season . 

Meas. And it is wonder that your wylde in- 
Can be content with Measure presence. 

FeL Wolde it please you then — 

Lyh, Vs to informe and ken — 

Meas. A, ye be wonders men I » 

Your langage is lyke the penne 
Of hym that wryteth to fast. 

Fel. Syr, ^{ any worde haue past 
Me other fyrst or last, 
To you I arecte it, and cast 
Therof the reformacyon. 

Lyh. And I of the same facyon ; 
Howe be it, by protestacyon, 
Dyspleasure that you none take, 
Some reason we must make. m 

Meas, That wyll not I forsake, 
So it in measure be : 
Come of, therfore, let se ; 
Shall I begynne or ye ? 

Fel. Nay, ye shall begynne, by my wyll. 

Lyh. It is reason and skyll, 
We your pleasure fulfyll. 


ifeas. Then ye must botLe coneent 
Tou to holde content 
With myne argument; 
And I mustti you requyre 
Me pacyeiilly to here. 

FeL Tes, syr, with ryghl good chere. 

Lyb. With all my lierle inlere. 

Mkas. Omciua lo recorde, in liis volumys olde, 
With euery condycjon measure mual lieeoughl; 
Wellhe without meaaure wolde here hymselfe to 

Lyberle wiihont measure prone a thynge of 

I ponder by nomber, by measure all ihj 

As at the fyrst oryyynall by godiy opynyo%> 
Whych prouyih well tliat measure ehcrid ban* 

domynyon : 
Where measure is maysier, plenty dothe none 

Where measure lackj-th, all thynge dysorderyd ia 
Where measure is absent, ryot kepeth I'e^dence 
Where measure is ruler, there is noihynge amysM; 
Measure is treasure: howe say ye, is it not this? 

Fet Tes, quesiyonlesse, in myne opynyoi^ 
Measure is worthy to haue domynyon, 

Lyi. Vnio thai same I am ryght welt agrede, 
So that tyberie be not lef^e behynde. is 

Afeas. Ye, lyberte with measure nede neiier 


Lyh. What, lyberte to measure then wolde ye 

bynde ? 
Meas, What ellys ? for otherwyse it were 
agaynst kynde : 
If lyberte sholde lepe and renne where he lyst, 
It were no vertue, it were a thynge vnblyst ; 
It were a rayschefe, yf lyberte lacked a reyne, 
Where with to rule hyni with the wry thyng of a 

All trebyllys and tenours be rulyd by a meyne ; 
Lyberte without measure is acountyd for a beste; 
There is no surfet where measure rulyth the feste ; 
There is no excesse where measure hath his 

helthe ; 
Measure contynwyth prosperyte and welthe. wa 
Feh Vnto your rule I wyll annex my mynde. 
Lyh. So wolde I, but I wolde be lothe, 
That wonte was to be formyst, now to come be- 

hynde : 
It were a shame, to God I make an othe. 
Without I myght cut it out of the brode clothe, 
As I was wonte euer at my fre wyll. 

Meas, But haue ye not herde say, that wyll is 
no skyll ? 
Take sad dyreccyon, and leue this wantonnesse. i« 
Lyh, It is no maystery. 
Fd, Tushe, let Measure procede, 
A.nd after his mynde herdely your selfe adresse 
For, without measure, pouerte and nede 
Wyll crepe vpon vs, and vs to myschefe lede ; 


For myjschefe wyll maysier vs, yf measure n 
ZyJ. Well, I am conitnt your waves to take. 
Meat. Surely, I am ioyous tbat ye be niyiidyil 
Magnyfycence lo mayotayne, your pronuKTon 
Fel. So in liis barte he may be glad of vs. *■ 
Lj/b. There is no prynce but he faatb nede of 

Welibe, with Measnre and plesaunt Lyberte. 
Meat, Kowe pleasyth you a lylell whyle ID 

stande ; 
Me semeih Magnyfycence is comynge here si 


Jfie intrat Magntftckkce. 
Mayn. To assure you of my noble 

Who lysi lo knowe, Magnyfycence I hygl 
Bui, Measure my frende, what hyghl Ihts 
Mens. Syr, though ye be a nohle prynce 
Yet in this man you must set your delyghl ; 
And, syr, this other mannys name is Lyberte. 
Magn. Weloome,frendysyearebolheTntoi: 
But Dowe let me knowe of your conuereacyoD. 
^rf. Pleasyih your grace, 

prynce w 



Lyb. And I am Lyberte, made of in euery 

Magn. Conuenyent persons for any pry nee 
Welthe with Lyberte, with me bothe dwell ye 

To the gydynge of my Measure you bothe com- 

myttyiige : 
That Measure be mayster, vs semeth it is syttynge. 
Meas, Where as ye haue, syr, to me them as- 
Suche order, I trust, with them for to take, w 
So that welthe with measure shalbe conbyned. 
And lyberte his large with measure shall make. 
Fel, Your ordenaunce, syr, I wyll not forsake. 
Lyh. And I my selfe hooly to you wyll inclyne. 
Magn, Then may I say that ye be seruauntys 
/For by measure, I warne you, we thynke to be 

gydyd ; 
Wherin it is necessary my pleasure you knowe, 
Measure and I wyll neuer be deuydyd 
For no dyscorde that any man can sawe ; iso 

For measure is a meane, nother to hy nor to lawe, 
In whose attemperaunce I haue suche delyght, 
That measure shall neuer departe from my syght. 
Fel. Laudable your consayte is to be acountyd ; 
For welthe without measure sodenly wyll slyde. 

lAJb. As your grace full nobly hath recountyd, 
Measure with noblenesse sholde be alyde. 

nnexyd ca 
de; ^J 

Magin. Tben, Liberie, ee that Mensui 
For I wyl! vse you bj* his aduerljsmenl. 

I'el. Tlien sluill jou haue with you pre 
res J dent. 

Meat. I troiTe, good fortune hatb annexed ca 
togeihei-, ^_ 

To se howe greublc we are of one mynde; 
There is no flaierer, nor lo^yll so lythet 
This lynkyd chuyite of loue that can vobysd 
Nowe That ye haue me chtfe ruler aaeyngf 
I wylt endeuour me lo order euety ihynge ^ 
Tour nobleiiesse and houour consemynge. 

Lgb. In ioy and royrthe yuur niynde sholbe iff' 
And not embracyU wiib piisyllanyrajte ; 
But plenarly all thought from you mui't be dys- 

If ye lyst to lyue after your fre lyberle : " 

All delectauyons aquajntyd is with me. 
By me all ptirsoiis worke what they lyate. 

Meat. Hem, syr, yet beware of li«d I wystel 
Lyberte in some cause becomyth a genlyll myude, 
Bycause courae of measure, yf I be in the way '■ 
Who countyth wiihuui me, is caste to f«r behvnd* 
Of his rekenyoge, as euydently we may 
Se at our eye the worlde day by day ; 
For defaute of measure all thynge daihe e 

Fel. All that ye say is as liewe as the Cr« 
For howe be it lyberle lo welihe is conueuveni, 


And from felycyte may not be forborne, 
Yet measure hath ben so longe from vs absent, 
That all men laugh at lyberte to scorne ; 
Welth and wyt, I say, be so threde bare worne. 
That all is without measure, and fer beyonde the 
Magn. Then noblenesse, I se well, is almoste 
But yf therof the soner amendys be made ; 
For dowtksse I parceyue my magnyfycence 
Without measure lyghtly may fade, aao 

Of to moche lyber*« vnder the offence : 
Wherfore, Measu^e, take Lyberte with you hence, 
And rule hym after the rule of your scole. 
Lyh, What, syr, wolde ye make me a poppynge 

MeaSn Why, were not your selfe agreed to the 
And now wolde ye swarue from your owne ordyn- 
aunce ? 
Lyh. I wolde be rulyd, and I myght for shame. 
FeL A, ye make me laughe at your inconstaunce. 
Magn, Syr, without any longer delyaunce. 
Take Lyberte to rule, and folowe myne entent. 24i 
Meas, It shalbe done at your commaundement. 

[taqae Measure exeat locum cum Libertate, ei 
maneat Magnyfycence cum Felicitate. 

McKfn. It is a wanton thynge this Lyberte ; 
Perceyue you not howe lothe he was to abyde 


The rule of Measure, notwilhatandynge we 
Hnue depulyd Measure hjm to gyde ? 
By measure eche iliynge duly U iryde: 
Tliyiike you not thus, my frcnde Felycyle ? 

Fel. God forbede that it ottier wy^ie sholdclie! 

Magn. Te coulde not ellyi^, I wote, with ido 

Fd. Endure? do, God wote, it were gfur 
payne ; * 

But yf I were orderyd by iust measure, 
U were not possyble me longe to retayne. 

Hie intral Fan sir. 
Fmi. Tusche, Lolde your pece, your langageiB 
Please it your grace to take no dysdayne, 
To shewe you playuly the troutb 8S I ihynke. 
Magn. Here is none forsylh whether you flete 

or Bynke, 
Fel, From whens come you, syr, that no miin 

lokyd after? 
Maga. Or who made you so botde lointerru]>« 

Fan.. Nowe, benediciU, ye wetie I were some 

Or ellys some iangelynge Jacke of the vale ; " 
To wene that I am dronken, bytause J loke 

Magn. Me semeth thai yc haue dronkenji 
than ye liaue bled. 


Fan, Yet amonge noble men I was brought vp 

and bred. 
Fel, Nowe leue this iangelynge, and to vs ex- 
Why that ye sayd our langage was in vayne. 

Fan, Mary, vpon trouth my reason I grounds, 
That without largesse noblenesse can not rayne ; 
And that I sayd ones, yet I say agayne, 
I say without largesse worshyp hath no place, 909 
For largesse is a purchaser of pardon and of grace. 
Magn, Nowe, I beseche the, tell me what is 

thy name ? 
Fan, Largesse, that all lordes sholde loue, syr, 

I hyght 
Fel, But hyght you. Largesse, encreace of 

noble fame? 
Fan, Ye, syr, vndoubted. 
Fel. Then, of very ryght, 
With Magnyfycence, this noble prynce of myght, 
Sholde be your dwellynge, in my consyderacyon. 
Magn, Yet we wyll therin take good ddybera- 

Fan, As in that, I wyll not be agaynst your 

Fel, Syr, hardely remembre what may your 
name auaunce. am 

Magn, Largesse is laudable, so it be in measure. 
Fan, Largesse is he that all prynces doth 
auaunce ; 
I reporte me herein to Kynge Lewes of Frauncei 


fel. Wh^ haue ye hym aamed, and all other 

refused ? 
^an. For, sylh he dyed, largeaae was Ijtell 

Plucke vp your oijnde, syr; what ayle you 10 

Haue ye not welihe here at your wyll ? 
It 13 but a maddynge, these wayes that ye vse: 
What auaylmb lordshyp, yourselte tor to kyll 
With care and with thought howa Jai:ke sliall 
haue Gyl T ™ 

Magti. Wlial ? I haue aspyed ye are a turle* 


Fan. By God, syr, ye se but fewe wyae meii 

of myne age ; 

But couetyse liatli blowen you so full of wynde, 

That colicapassio hath gropydyoa b;tbegDtiy3< 

Fel. In fuylit, broder Largesse, you liaue » 

mery mynde. 
Fan. In fayih, I net not by the worlde l"0 

*Dauncasler cultys. 
Magn. Ye nunte hut a wylde flyeng bolle K 
shote at the butter: 
Though Large^^e ye hyght, your laDgage is » 

For whiche enile goih forwarde ye take lyttJl 
F«l. Let se, this checte yf ye voyde canne. " 
Fan. In fayihe, els had I gone to longe to scolc. 
But yf I coulde koowe a guse from a swanoe. 


Magn. Wei, wyse men may ete the fysshe, 

when ye shal draw the pole. 
Fan, In fayth, I wyll not say that ye shall 
proue a fole, 
But ofte tymes haue I sene wyse men do mad 
Magn, Go, shake the dogge,^ hay, syth ye wyll 
nedys ! 
You are nothynge mete with vs for to dwell, 
That with your lorde and mayster so pertly can 

prate : 

Gete you hens, I say, by my counsell ; 309 

1 wyll not vse you to play with me checke mate. 

Fan, Syr, y^ I haue offended your noble estate, 

I trow I haue brought you suche wrytynge of 

That I shall haue you agayne my good lorde : 
To you recoramendeth Sad Cyrcumspeccyon, 
And sendeth you this wrytynge closed vnder sele. 
Magn. This wrytynge is welcome with harty 
affeccyon : 
Why kepte you it thus longe ? howe dothe he ? 
Fan, Syr, thanked be God, he hath his hele. 
Magn. Welthe, gete you home, and commaunde 
me to Mesure ; sifl 

Byd hym take good hede to you, my synguler 

1 (he dogge] Qy. " thd, dogge? " but see notes. 
VOL. II. 2 


Fel. Is there ony thynge elles your grace wyll 

comraaunde me ? 
Magn, Nothynge but fare you well tyll sone ; 
And that he take good kepe to Lyberte. 
Fel, Your pleasure, syr, shortely shall be done 
Magn. I shall come to you myselfe, I trowe, 
this afternone.^ 
I pray you, Larges, here to remayne, 
Whylest I knowe what this letter dothe contayne. 

Hie faciaJt tanquam legeret litter as tacite. Interim 
superveniat cantando Countebpet Counte- 
NAUNCE suspenso gradu, qui, visa Magntfy- 
CENCE, sensim retrocedat ; at temptis postpusil- 
lum rursum accedat Counterfet Cocnte- 
NAUNCE prospectando et vocitando a longe ; ci 
Fansy animat ^ silentium cum manu. 

C. Count, What, Fansy, Fansy ! 

Magn. Who is that that thus dyd cry ? 
Me thought he called Fansy. ^ 

Fan. It was a Flemynge hyght Hansy. 

Magn. Me thought he called Fansymebehyn3*^' 

Fan. Nay, syr, it was nothynge but your myn J ^ 
But nowe, syr, as touchynge this letter— 

Magn. 1 shall loke in it at leasure better : 
And surely ye are to hym beholde ; 
And for his sake ryght gladly I wolde 
Do what I coude to do you good. 

1 rt/Ter none] Here Felycyte goes oat. 
'^ animat] Qy. " animet V " 


Fan, I pray, God kepe you in that mood ! 

Magn, This letter was wryten ferre hence. 3« 

Fan. By lakyn, syr, it hathe cost me pence 
And grotes many one, or I came to your presence. 

Magn. Where was it delyuered you, shewe vnto 

Fan. By God, syr, beyonde the se. 

Magn. At what place nowe, as you gesse ? 

Fan, By my trouthe, syr, at Pountesse ; 
This wrytynge was taken me there, 
But neuer was I in gretter fere. 

Magn, Howe so? 

Fan, By God, at the see syde, w 

Had I not opened my purse wyde, 
I trowe, by our lady, I had ben slayne, 
Or elles I had lost myne eres twayne. 

Magn} By your soth ? 

Fan, Ye, and there is suche a wache. 
That no man can scape but they hym cache, 
Tliey bare me in hande that I was a spye ; 
And another bade put out myne eye. 
Another wolde myne eye were blerde, 
Another bade shaue halfe my berde ; w 

And boyoB to the pylery gan me plucke, 
And wolde haue made me Freer Tucke, 
To preche out of the pylery hole, 
Without an antetyme or a stole ; 

1 By your soth] Ed. prefixes " Famy " to these words, and 
omits the prefix to tlie next speech. 


Anil iK)fn« bade tuMv IiTin vriih a markt ; 

To gi-ie m^ fro lf'<-m I l>»"i tuoche w»rke. 

jVujn. Mary, bjt, ye were aJrajrcle. 

^<an. By my truuthc, 


payde wul 


Aixl made largesse as I hygbt, 

I )iaiJ not bfti here wiih you ihts nyght; 

Hut surely largesse saued my lyfe, 
l-'or Irtigesse Btynteih all maner of strj-fe. 
Magn. Il doihe so sure nowe and than, 
But largesse is not mete for euery man. 

Fan. No, but for you grete estates: 
largesse siynleili grete debates; 
And lie llmt I came fro lo this place 
Sayd I was mete for your gi'aee ; 
And ill dede, syr, I litre men taike, 
By ilie way ns I ryde and walke, 
Say howe you e>:cedc in noblenesse, 
If you hnd with you largesse. 

Magn. And suy tliey so in very dede ? 
Fan. Willi j-e, sj'r, ao God me spede. 
Magn. Yet mesure is a mery mene. 
Fan. Ye, syr, a blannclied almonde is no bei 
^Hcn^ure is inele for a tnarcbannles ball, 
PSut birgesse beeometU a stale ryall. 
F'WIiBl, sholdt^ you pynebe at a pecke of oies, 
Llf« wolda Eone pvnctie at a pecke ofgrotes. 
[Thas is lite Wlkynge of one and of oder, 
Bspeke il hu^er muggeri 

■IT ameade your lunne. 


Magn. In faythe, Largesse, welcome to me. 

Fail. I pray you, syr, I may so be, 
And of my ssruyce you shall not mysse. 

Magn, Togyder we wyll talke more of tliis : 
Let vs departe from hens home to my place. 

Fan. I folow euen after your noble grace. «» 

Hie discedat Magnificens cum Fanst,€^ intrat^ 


(7. Count, What, I say, herke a worde. 

Fan, Do away, I say, the deuylles torde ! 

G, Count, Ye, but how longe shall I here 
awayte ? 

Fan, By Goddys body, I come streyte: 
I hate this bJunderyng that thou doste make. 

C, Count, No we to the deuyll I th^ betake, 
For in fayth ye be well met. 
Fansy hath cachyd in a flye net 
Tliis noble man Magnyfycence, 
Of Largesse vnder the pretence. ««• 

They haue made me here to put the stone: 
But nowe wyll I, that they be gone. 
In bastarde ryme, after the dogrell gyse, 
Tell you where of my name dothe ryse. 
For Counterfet Countenaunce knowen am 1; 
This worlde is full of my foly. 

1 intrat] Qy. " intretV "—This stage-direction is not quite 
correct, for Gmnt. Count, enters as Fansy is going off, and 
detains him till v. 406. 


} MtDOl by kjm fi dvi 

CM not r«uiiierft:l a Ife. 
i^ and stare, aii<) bydc iherbj, 
(omitetuiDnn: it clenly, 
f And def«D(]« ii manerlj'. 
I A knaue wyll counieri'et nowe a kay^b^ 
1 A lanlftyoe lyke a ionle to fygbl,* 

A myn^in;!! lyke a man ot' rarght, 
, A lappyeier lyke a lady bryghc: 

Tbua make 1 them w^ib tbt^ft lo fygha, 

Tbus at the taste I brjngt: hjm' ryght 

To TjburnK, where they hange on bji^rt. 

To coiinlcriei I c«n by praty wayes: 
I Of nyghlys to occupy cuutilerlel knyes, 

Clenly to eounlerfet newe arayes, 

CounIertt:t eyvnest by way of filayes : 
I Tbutt am 1 occupyed at alt assnyes ; 
I Wliai so euer I do, all men me prayae, 
i And mckyll am 1 madu of nowc adays : 

I inulera in ilie lawe of the lande, I 

Wylli goldc and groles ihey gres 

lu eletle of ryght that wrongs may litande, 
I And couiiturt'cil fredome that ia boundo; 

I eounlerfet ' suger that ia but fuunde ; 

Counloi'fet capylaynisa by me ai-e mande ; 

Of tkll lewdnes^e 1 kyndell the brande ; 


iterfet kyndnesse, and thynke dyscayte ; 

aterfet letters by the way ofsleyght; 

elly vsynge counterfet weyght ; 

Iterfet laiigage, fayty bone gey to. 

iterfetynge is a proper bayte ; 

unte to counterfet in a resayte ; 

ounterfet well is a good consayte. 

Iterfet maydenhode may well be borne, «o 

counterfet coynes is laughynge to scorne ; 

euyll patchynge of that is tome ; 

u the noppe is rughe, it wolde be shorne ; 

iterfet haltynge without a thorne ; 

counterfet chafer is but euyll corne ; 

hynge is worse whan it is worne. 

t, wolde ye, wyues, counterfet 

courtly gyse of the newe iet ? 

►Ide barne wolde be vnderset : 

nioche worthe that is ferre fat, «» 

t, wanton, wanton, nowe well ymet ! 

t, Margery Mylke Ducke, mermoset ! 

Me be masked in my net ; 

jlde be nyce, thoughe I say nay ; 

Jrede, it wolde haue fresshe aray, 

thertore shall my husbande pay ; 

ounterfet she wyll assay 

he newe gyse, fresshe and gaye, 

be as praty as she may, 

iet it ioly as a iay : 47b 

Iterfet prechynge, and byleue the contrary • 

iterfet conscyence, peuysshe pope holy ; 


Counlerfet BOdnesse, wiili (ii;lyngB full m 
Counierfet holjnes is cnll«d jpocrj-syi 
Counlei-fel reason ia not wonli a flyej 
Counterfet wysUoiiie, and (vorkes of foly ; 
Counlerfut con utena unci; eueiy mnn dot he occupy . 
Counterftl woi'sbyp ouLwarde men niay si 
HycbeB rydctb out, nt lionie is puutirle; 
Couiiterfet pleasure is borne out by me; 
Coll woldB go clenly, and it wyll not be, 
And AnnoL wolde be njce, and Inugbes, i 

Your couiiterftt counteiiauuce is all of nynyta, 
A plummiid partrydge all redy to flye ; 
A knokyibonyiii-de wjll couulurfet a clai-ke, 
He wolde trutte gcntylly, but lie is to starku, 
A I bis clukcd couiiterfctyuge doggeg dollie 

A carter a courlyer, it is a wortby warfc«. 
That with liis whyp bis mared wa^s wonte Id 

A ciisfrell to dryue the douyll out of Ilie derke, « 
A counlerfet courtyer with a kiiautw marka. 
To counteri't^L this freors haue lunied me ; 
This nonnoB nowe and ilien, and it mygbt j| 
Wolde lake in ibe way of cM:inlerft>t charjtfi 
The grace of God vnder henedteite; 
To counterfet thyr counsell iliey gyue n 
Ciianons can nol counterfet but vpoit ihre^ , 
Monkys nrny not for drede that men fitti 


Hie ingrediatur Fai^sy proper anter cum Crafty 
CoNUEYAUNCE, cum famine mvlto adinvicem 
garrulantes : tandem, viso Counterfet Coun- 
TENAUNCE, dicat Crafty Conueyaunce. 
Cr, Con. What, Counterfet Countenaunce ! 
G, Count, What, Crafty Conueyaunce 1 son 
Fan. What, the deuyl^ are ye two of aquaynt- 
aunce ? 
God gyue you a very myschaunce ! 

Or. Con. Yes, yes, syr, he and I haue met. 
G. Count, We haue bene togyder bothe erly 
and late : [longe ? 

But, Fansy my frende, where haue ye bene so 
Fan, By God, I haue bene about a praty 
pronge ; 
Crafty Conueyaunce, I sholde say, and I. 

Cr, Con, By God, we haue made Magnyfycence 

to ete a flye. 
C. Count, Howe coulde ye do that, and [Ij 

was away ? 
Fan, By God, man, bothe his pagent and thyne 

he can plaj^. 
C, Count. Say trouth ? sii 

Gr. Con, Yes, yes, by lakyn, I shall the warent, 
As longe as I lyue, thou haste an heyre parent. 
Fan, Yet haue we pyckyd out a ronie for th^. 
C, Count, Why, shall we dwell togyder all 

Cr, Con, Why, man, it were to great a wonder, 
That we thre gulauntes sholde be longe asonder. 


O, Count. ForCockyslmrtejgyuemethyhan**- 
Fan. By the luasse, for je are able to dysiroy 

an hol» lanJc 
O. Con, By God, yet it muBte begynne mtwlie 
oUhi. " 

Fan. Who thiit is ruled by vs, ii shulbe longe 

or he thee. 
C Count, But, I say, kepest thou the olde mime 

Eiyll ihiil Ihou had? 
Cr. Con. Wliy, wenysl thou, horson, that I 

were so mad ? 
Fan. Kay, nay, he hath chaungod his, and I 

haue ehiiunged mync. 
O. Count, Nowe, what is his name, and wiini 

Fan. In fayilie. Largesse I liyght, 
&.nd I am made a knyght. 

C. Count. A rehellyon agaynat nature, 
Bo large a man, and so ly tell of siaturei I 
But, syr, howe counlerfelyd ye? 

Or. Con. Hare Surueyaunce' I named b 
C. Counl. Surueyaunce ! where yi 
Thryfte halhu lost her cofer Itay. 

Fan. But i.s it not well ? hoive thyubtjift tl 
C. Count. Yes, syr, 1 gyue God auowe, • 
Myeelfe coude not couDLeH'et it better. 
Bui what became of the letter. 
That I couiiierfeyied you vnduraeath ashrairj 

1 Sm Simcynunce, *c.] Ed. givea this line to C Omt., 


Fan, By the masse, odly well alowde. 

(7r. Clon, By God, had not I it conuayed, sw 

't Fansy had ben dysceyued.^ 

G, Count, I wote, thou arte false ynoughe for 

Wan, By my trouthe, we had ben gone : 
id yet, in fayth, man, we lacked th^ 
r to speke with Lyberte. 
G. Count. What is Largesse without Lyberte ? 
Gr, Con, By Mesure mastered yet is he. 
C Count. What, is your conueyaunce no better? 
Fan. In faythe, Mesure is lyke a tetter, 
lat ouergroweth a rapnnes face, 530 

he ruleth ouer all our place. 
Cr. Con. Nowe therfore, why lest we are to- 

unterfet Countenaunce, nay, come hyder, — 
ay, whylest we are togyder in same — 
G. Count. Tushe, a strawe, it is a shame 
at we can no better than so. 
Fan, We wyll remedy it, man, or we go ; 
r, lyke as mustarde is sharpe of taste,^ 
ght so a sharpe fansy must be founde 
herwith Mesure to confounde. «i' 

Cr, Con, Can you a remedy for a tysyke, 
at sheweth yourselfe thus spedde in physyke ? 
G. Count. It is a gentyll reason of a rake. 

1 Qy. Dyscryued? 

* taaU\ Qy. a line wanting to rhyme with this ? 


Fan, For all these iapes yet that ye make— 
Or, Gon. Your fansy maketh myne elbowe tt 

Fan, Let se, fynde you a better way. 
C, Count, Take no dyspleasure of that we sajr. 
Or, Con, Nay, and you be angry aud oue^ 

A man may beshrowe your angry harte. 
Fan. Tushe, a strawe, I thought none yll. •" 
C Count. What, shall we iangle thus all the 

day sty 11 ? 
Cr. Con, Nay, let vs our heddes togyder cast 
Fan. Ye, and se howe it may be compast, 
That Mesuj'e were cast out of the dores. 

C, Count. Alasse, where is my botes and my 

spores ? 
Cr, Con. In all this hast whether wy 11 ye ryde? 
C, Count. I trowe, it shall not nede to abyde. 
Cockf^s woundes, se, syrs, se, se ! 

Ilic ingrediatur Cloked Colusyon cum ekto 
aspectu, deorsum et sursum amhulando. 

Fan, Cockes arraes, what is he ? 
Cr, Con. By Cockes harte, he loketh hye; ®* 
He hawketh, me thynke, for a butterflye. 
C. Count. No we, by Cockes harte, well abyden> 

For, had you not come, I had ryden. 

CI. Col. Tliy wordes be but wynde, neuertl^®5 
haue no vvayght ; 
Thou hast made me play the iurde hayte. 


(7. Count. And yf ye knewe howe I haue 
1 am sure ye wolde haue me excused. 

CL Col, I say, come hyder : what are these 
twayne ? 

O. Count, By God, syr, this is Fansy small 
brayne ; 
And Crafty Conuayaunce, knowe you not hym? 590 

CI, Col, Know hym, syr! quod he; yes, by 
Saynt Sym. 
Here is a leysshe of ratches to renne an bare : 
Woo is that purse that ye shall share ! 

Fan, What call ye him, this ? 

Or, Con, I trowe, that he is. 

O, Count, Tushe, holde your pece. 
Se you not how they prece 
For to knowe your name? 

CI, Col, Knowe they not me, they are to blame. 
Knowe you not me, syrs ? eoo 

Fan. No, in dede. 

Cr, Con, Abyde, lette me se, take better hede ; 
Cockes harte, it is Cloked Colusyon. 

CL Col, A, syr, I pray God gyue you con- 
fusyon ! 

Fan, Cockes armes, is that your name ? 

C, Count, Ye, by the masse, this is euen the 
That all this matter must vnder grope. 

Gr, Con. What is this he wereth, a cope ? 

CI, Col, Cappe, syr ; I say you be to bolde. 


Fan, Se, howe he is wrapped for the coldern 
Is it not a vestment ? 

C7. Col, A, ye wante a rope. 

C, Count, Tushe, it is Syr Johnn Double cloke. 

Fan. Syr, and yf ye wolde not be wrothe— 

CI. Col. What sayst ? 

Fan. Here was to lytell clothe. 

CI. Col. A, Fansy, Fansy, God sende iU 

brayne I 
Fan. Ye, for your wyt is cloked for the rape. 

Cr. Con, Nay, lette vs not clatter thus styll. 

CI. Col, Tell me, syrs, what is your wylL « 

C. Count, Syr, it is so that these twayne 
With Magnyfycence in housholde do remayne; 
And there they wolde haue me to dwell, 
But I wyll be ruled after your counsell. 

Fan, Mary, so wyll we also. 

CI, Col. But tell me where aboute ye go. 

C. Count, By God, we wolde gete vs all thyder, 
Spell the remenaunt, and do togyder. 

CI, Col, Hath Magnyfycence ony tresure? 

Cr, Con. Ye, but he spendeth it all in mesure.<» 

CI, Col, Why, dwelleth Mesure where ye two 
dwell ? 
Fn faythe, he were better to dwell in hell. 

Fan. Yet where we wonne, nowe there wonnetu 

CI, Col, And haue you not amonge you M" 
berte ? 

C Count, Ye, but he is a captyuyte. 


CL Col. What, the deuyll, howe may that be ? 

(7. Count. I can not tell you : why aske you me ? 
A^ske these two that there dothe dwell. 

Gl. Col, Syr, the playnesse you tell me.* 

Cr. Con. There dwelleth a mayster men calleth 
Mesure — •« 

Fan. Ye, and he hath rule of all his tresure. 

Cr. Con. Nay, eyther let me tell, or elles tell ye. 

Fan. I care not I, tell on for me. 

G. Count. I pray God let you neuer to thee I 

CI. Col. What the deuyll ayleth you? can you 
not agree ? 

Cr. Con, I wyll passe ouer the cyrcumstaunce, 
And shortly shewe you the hole substaunce. 
Fansy and I, we twayne, 
With Magnyfycence in housholde do reraayne, 
And counterfeted our names we haue «m 

Craftely all thynges vpryght to saue, 
His name Largesse, Surueyaunce myne : 
Magnyfycence to vs begynneth to enclyne 
Counterfet Countenaunce to haue also. 
And wolde that we sholde for hym go. 

C. Count. But shall I haue myne olde name 
styll ? 

Cr. Con. Pease, I haue not yet sayd what I 

1 Syr, the playnesse ^^ teUme] Ed. prefixes Crafty Con, to 
these words, and omits the prefix to the next line. — Qy., for 
the rhyme, — " you me tell ? " 

I'an. Here is a [lystell of a poslyke I 

CI, Col. Tusslie, fonn^ashe Fiinsy, ihou arie 
Tell on, BjT, howe then ? ^^^^ 

Or. Con. Mary, syr, be tolde va, nhea ^^^H 
Wc hod hym founde, we sliolde hym bryi^^^^ 
And ilial we fn^Ied not for nolhjnge. ^^^| 

CI. Col. All ihiB ye may easely brynge abonte. 

Ihti. Mary, Ihe better and Mesure were oni, 

CI Col. Why, can ye not put out that foule 

CV. Coa. No, in euery corner be wyll p 
So lliflt we baue no lyberte. 
Nor no insn in courle hat lie, 
For Lyberte he hath in gydyng. 

C, Cuunl. In fayth, and without Lyberte there 

Fan. In faylb, and Lybertyes rome is ID 
but email. 

a. Col. Hem ! that lyke I noihynge at al 

Ci". Con, But, Counterfet* Counienaunoj 
we togyder, 
All thre, I say, 

C. Count. Shall I go ? whyder ? 

CV. Con." To Magnyfycetice with vs twayne, 
And in his seniyce ih^ to relayne. 

C, Count. But tlien, syr, what shall I hyght? 

taai louie 

rte there 


Cr. Con, Ye and I talkyd therof to nyght. «» 
Fan. Ye, my fansy, was out of owle flyght, 
For it is out of my mynde quyght. 

(7r. Con, And nowe it cometh to my remem- 
braunce : 
Syr, ye shall hyght Good Demeynaunce. 

G, Count, By the armes of Calys, well con- 

ceyued ! 
Cr. Con, When we haue hym thyder con- 
What and I frame suche a slyght, 
That Fansy with his fonde consayte 
Put Magnyfycence in suche a madnesse, 
That he shall haue you in the stede of sadnesse, 69o 
And Sober Sadnesse shalbe your name ? 

CL Col, By Cockys body, here begynneth the 
For then shall we so craftely cary, 
That Mesure shall not there longe tary. 

Fan, For Cockys harte, tary whylyst that I 

come agayne. 
Cr. Con, We wyll se you shortly one of vs 

G. Count, Now let vs go, and we shall, then. 
OL Col, Nowe let se quyte you lyke praty 

^ praty men] Here Fansyj Crafty Conueyavnce^ and CbtMler- 
fet Oounienaunce, go out. 

VOL. II. 3 



Hie deamhulat. 
isse the tyme and order whyle a i 

e tbynge a 

other to occupy tl 
Then for the eeason that I here ^hnll waike, 
As good lo be oci;u|)yed as vp and downe to tnce 
And do nothynge ; how be it full lytell g 
There coiueth and groweili of my comyi 
For Clokyd Colusyoii is a peryloua 
Double delyoge and I be all one ; 
Crat'tyoge aud hafiynge contryaed is by me; 
I can dys^emble, I can bothe langhe and grone; 
Playne delymge and I can neuer agre ; "< 

But dyuysyon, dysseucyon, dyrysyon, Ifae^ ihra 
And I am counterftil of one mynde and thoogbt, 
By the menya of myscbyef v> hryng all ibyngBi 

to nought. 
And though I be so odyons a 
Aod euery man gladly my company < 

In bytbe yet am I occupred with the best; 
FoU fewe that own tbemselfe of me exctne. 
Whan other men Iniigbe, ilian study I mid maif-, 
DeuT^ynge the meanes and w«ye$ tluU I can, 
Hone I mar burte and tiynder eoerr nuui : 
Tito fece^ in a bode cooeftly I bere, " 

Water in the oa« haade, and fyre in the olber; 
I oa fcdc lottli a fble,mi«d lede hym by the eyi«j 
f akbode in (eluw^hyp is my swome broibor. 
]^ deked coliksyoo. I »y, and naae other, 


Comberaunce and trouble in Englande fyrst I 

began ; 
From that lorde to that lorde I rode and I ran, 
And flatered them with fables fayre before theyr 

And tolde all the myschyef I coude behynde theyr 

And made as I had knowen nothynge of the case ; 
I wolde begyn all myschyef, but I wolde here no 

lacke : tso 

Thus can I lerne you, syrs, to here the deuyls 

sacke ; 
And yet, I trowe, some of you be better sped 

than I 
Frendshyp to fayne, and thynke full lytherly. 
Paynte to a purpose good countenaunce I can. 
And craftely can I grope howe euery man is 

mynded ; 
My purpose is to spy and to poynte euery man ; 
My tonge is with fauell forked and tyned : 
By Cloked Colusyon thus many one is begyled. 
Eehe man to hynder I gape and I gaspe ; 
My speche is all pleasure, but I stynge lyke a 

waspe : 740 

I am neuer glad but whan I may do yll, 
And neuer am I sory but whan that I se 
I can not myne apyetyte accomplysshe and 

In hynderaunce of welthe and prosperyte ; 
I laugbe at all shrewdenes, and lye at lyberte* 

1 uiujior, I meiJIe; ainonge tbese grcte efiates 
I jowe scdytj'ous 8L-dea of dyscorde and de- 
To (liHir aud to &e.ij is all my pretence 
Amonge all £ui;he persoiies as I well vnder- 

Be lyglit of bylene and liasty of credence ; " 
I mabe tliem to slartyll and Ejiarkyll lyke a 

I noue them, I ma^e them, I make them eo 

TbftI tljey wyll lu-re no man hut the fyrst tale: 
Aiikl so by these meancs I brewe moche bale. 

J/ie ingrediaiur CotmTLT Aboston cantatido. 
Court. Ab. Huff&, hufTn, launderum, taunderam. 

Cayne, hufiU, hufih ! 
CI. Col. This was properiy pi'aled, syi-s ! wbai 

6ftjd a ? 
Cotirt.Ab. Rutty bully, iojy rulterkyn, bejda: 
CI. Col. Da que pays ette voiuf 

Mfaciat tanguam exiat bereirum eronia.' 
Courl, Ab. Decke your hofte and couer it 

CI Col. Say vous c/iaunler Vetiter tre dawcef 
Court. Ah. Wyda, wyda. ni 

Howfl aayst liiou, man ? am not I a ioly ruiter? 


CL Col. Gyue this gentylman rome, syrs, 
stonde vtter ! 
By God, syr, what nede all this waste ? 
What is this, a betell, or a batowe,^ or a buskyn 
lacyd ? 
Court, Ah. What, wenyst thou that I knowe 

the not, Clokyd Colusyon ? 
CL Col, And wenyst thou that I knowe not 

the, cankard Abusyon? 
Court, Ah, Cankard Jacke Hare, loke thou be 
not rusty ; 
For thou shalt well knowe I am nother durty nor 
CI, Col, Dusty ! nay, syr, ye be all of the lusty, 
Howe be it of scape thryfte your clokes smelleth 
musty : ^n 

But whether art thou walkynge in faythe vn- 
faynyd ? 
Court, Ah, Mary, with Magnyfycence I wolde 

be retaynyd. 
CL Col, By the masse, for the cowrte thou art 
a mete man : 
riiy slyppers they swap it, yet thou fotys it lyke 
a swanne. 
Court, Ah, Ye, so I can deuyse my gere after 

the cowrtly maner. 
CL CoL So thou arte personable to bere a 
prynces baner. 

1 haiowe] Qy. " batone? " [or " botowe, " boot? J 


iy GoJdes fote,* and I dare well fy^ 

wj-U uol slnrt. 
Court, db. Naj, ihou art a man good inoug 

but for tiij- false hart. 
CI. Col. Well, and I be a coward, theria m 

faythe, a bolde man and 
[I bole of Dewe ale i 
e Ibis gentylmaii is all i 
o dwell 


than I. 
Court. Ab. Ye, 

CI. Col. A bolde man 

Court. Ab. Wyll yi 

his skoniye ? 
CL Col. But are ye not suysed 

ye spake ? 
Cowt. Ab. I am of fewe wordys, I loue 


Btryst tbou any rome, or cannyet thou do ought? 
Cannyst tbou hel[ie in fauer that I myght b» 

brought ? 
CI. Col. 1 may do somwhat, and more I ihynkt 


^Bij GodiUifole,^'^.] Heia the prefixes to tlie speuhii! Ml 
■nnly wrong: bat&alnni dDabCfdl bow tliey ought to bs 
BsaigneJ, I hnvo Hot Teotarecl to allor them. Qy. 

" Cuurl. Ab. By Gnddea Tote, and I dare wall fygbc, tot 1 
wyll not start. 

Ct tW. Nay, tlioa art > maa good inoogb bot for [hj W" 

OnTl Ab. Well, and I be n eowu-d, [her is mo tba 
a. Col. Te, in faylhe, a. bolde man and a hardyi 
K bolde mun In a bole of aewe ale in comya. 
Owl. Ai. WyU ve ^," Sco 


Here cometh in Crafty Conueyaunce, poynt* 
yng with his fjpiger^ and saythy Hem, 

Colusyon ! 

Court, Ah, Cockys harte, who is yonde that for 

the dothe call? 
CV. Con} Nay, come at ones, for the armys of 

the dyce ! 790 

Court, Ah, Cockys armys, he hath callyd for 

the twyce. 
CI, Col, By Cockys harte, and call shall agayne : 
To come to me, I trowe, he shalbe fayne. 

Court, Ah. What, is thy harte pryckyd with 

such a prowde pynne ? 
CL Col, Tushe, he that hath nede, man, let 

hym rynne. 
Cr, Con, Nay, come away, man : thou playst 

the cayser. 
CI, Col,^ By the masse, thou shalt byde my 

Cr, Con, Abyde, syr, quod he ! mary, so I 

Court, Ah, He wyll come, man, when he may 

tende to. 
Cr, Con, What the deuyll, who sent for the ? soo 
CI, Col, Here he is nowe, man; mayst thou 

not se ? 

1 Cr. Con.\ Ed. ** CI. Cd.^^ Compare the next line, and 
V. 796. 
a a Col.] Ed. " Qmrt. Ab," 


O. Con. What the deuyll, n 
menyst ? 
Art thou BO angry as thou serayst? 

Court. Ab. "What the deuyll, can ye agre 
better ? 

Or. Con. Whitt the deuyll, where had we t 
ioly letter? 

CL Col. What sayst ihou, man ? why doBt tlioii 
not sopplye. 
And desyre me thy good mnyster 

Court. Ab. Spekeat thou to me ! 

CI. Col Ye, 80 I tell lU. 

Court. Ab. Cockes bones, I ne 1 
Wbiebe of jou is the better man, 
Or whiche ol' you ejin do most. 

O. Con. In fajib, I rule niodie of the 

CI Col. Rule the rosle! ye, thou woldi 
As skante thou had no nede of me. 

Cr. Con, Nede ! yes, mary, I say not najw 

Cowl, Ab. Cockes hafrjte, I trowe thoa wylw 

Cr. Con. Nay, in good fayihe, it is but the gjsc. 
CI. Col. No, for, or we stiyke, we wyll be nd- 

uysed twyse. 
Court. Ab. Wliat (he deuyll, yse ye not to 

drawe no ewordes ? 
Cr. Con. No, hy my trouihe, but crake 


doBt tlioii 



ige, Ihrm imlJccl] Qy., for tlie ihyma, " thou »olde6t,ye!" 


Court, Ah, Why, is this the gyse nowe adayes ? 

Gh Col. Ye, for surety, ofte peas is taken for 
But, syr, I wyll haue this man with me. 

(7r. Con, Conuey yourselfe fyrst, let se. 

GL Col. Well, tarry here tyll I for you sende. 

Gr, Con, Why, shall he be of your bende ? 

GL Col, Tary here : wote ye what I say ? 

Court, Ah, I waraunt you, I wyll not go away. 

Gr. Con, By Saynt Mary, he is a tawle man. sao 

GL Col, Ye, and do ryght good seruyce he can ; 
I knowe in hym no defaute 
But that the horson is prowde and hawte. 

And so they^ go out of the pUzce, 

Court, Ah, Nay, purchace ye a pardon for the 
For pryde hath plucked the by the nose. 
As well as me : I wolde, and I durste. 
But nowe I wyll not say the worste. 

Courtly Abuston alone in the place. 

What nowe, let se. 

Who loketh on me 

Well rounde aboute, mo 

Howe gay and howe stoute 

That I can were 

Courtly my gere : 

A ihey\ i. e. Cloked Colusyon and Crafty Oomuyavnce, 


My hey re bussheth 

So plesauntly, 

My robe russhetli 

So ruttyngly, 

Me seme I flye, 

I am so lyght, 

To daunce delyght ; «• 

Properly drest, 

All poynte deuyse, 

My persone prest 

Beyonde all syse 

Of the newe gyse. 

To russhe it oute 

In euery route : 

Beyonde measure 

My sleue is wyde, 

Al of pleasure, "^ 

My hose stray te tyde, 

My buskyn wyde, 

Ryche to beholde, 

Gletterynge yn golde. 


Forsothe I hyght: 


Shall on hym lyght. 

By day or by nyght 

That vseth me ; w 

He can not thee. 

A very fon, 

A veiy asse. 


Wyll take vpon 

To com passe 

That neuer was 

Abusyd before ; 

A very pore 

That so wyll do, 

He doth abuse »« 

Hym selfe to to, 

He dothe mysse vse 

Eche man take a f e ^ 

To crake and prate ; 

I befoule his pate. 

This newe fonne iet 

From out of Fraunce 

Fyrst I dyd set ; 

Made purueaunce 

And suche ordenaunce, wo 

That all men it founde 

Through out Englonde : 

All this nacyon 

I set on fyre 

In my facyon, 

This theyr desyre, 

This newe atyre ; 

This ladyes haue, 

I it them gaue ; 

Spare for no coste ; w) 

And yet in dede 

1 Eche man take afe] There seems to be seme corraption 
>f the text here. [Qy. " each man to ahuse, ? " 0. J 


It Is oin>te loste 
Moche tttort) than aede 
For to Qxcede 
lu suche Jirajr : 
Howe be it, I saj, 
A carlvs soiine* 
Brou^t vp of Qonght^ 
Wvth me wvU wonne 
Whylvst he hath ought ; 
He wyll haue wrought 
Hts jjowtie so wvde 
Diat he mar hvde 
Hi:> dame and his sjre 
Wicuiu his slvue : 
Speude ail hi* hvre^ 
Ubac meu hrm grue ; 
Whertbre 1 preue, 
\ I*} bone ohecke 
Siuill >rr:rk.e Iiis uecke* 

^t^ ,\hntai .1 FjJ*:>r. >jm^n^^ Stow stow! 

A i :> jac jf" a;UTe, 
,V id jac ji :raot?» 
\v -rai^r^ .uid warre 

1 1 c?at:rv .»i.ace% 

3uL \ la: ::ie deuyil ar£ ihoo* 
ym. 'Via.* '\jc'iii jaue we hens^ JenkjB 

yovv!:i V'TiC^joj, :?v .jt; God ioiv. 


CourU Ah, What, Fansy, my frende! howe 

doste thou fare ? 
Fan. By Cryst, as mery as a Marche hare, sso 
Court. Ah. What the deuyll hast thou on thy 

fyste ? an owle ? 
Fan. Nay, it is a farly fowle. 
Court. Ah. Me thynke she frowneth and lokya 

Fan. Torde, man, it is an hawke of the towre •, 
She is made for the malarde fat. 

Court. Ah. Methynke she is well becked to 

catche a rat. 
But nowe what tydynges can you tell, let se. 
Fan. Mary, I am come for th^. 
Court. Ah. For me? 

Fan. Ye, for th^, so I say. wo 

Court. Ah. Howe so ? tell me, I th^ pray. 
Fan. Why, harde thou not of the fray, 
That fell amonge vs this same day 
Court, Ah. No, mary, not yet. 
Fan. What the deuyll, neuer a whyt ? 
Court. Ah. No, by the masse ; what sholde I 

swere ? 
Fan. In faythe, Lyberte is nowe a lusty spere. 
Court. Ah, Why, vnder whom was he abydynge ? 
Fan. Mary, Mesure had hym a whyle in 

Tyll, as the deuyll wolde, they fell a chydynge 
With Crafty Conuayaunce. 
Court, Ah. Ye, dyd they so ? 


Fan. Tc, by GoJdes sacranienC, and ■ 

Court. Ah. What neded that, in the dyuyls dale ? 

Fan. Yes, yes, he tell with me also at deliate. 

Court, Ab. With Ih^ also ? what, he plajeili 
the slate ? 

Fan. Ye, but I bade hym pyke out of ihe gate, 
By Goddea body, so dyd I. 

Ootirt. Ab. By the masse, well done and boldely- 

fan. Holde thy pease, Measure shall frome n 

Court. Ab. Why, ia he crossed than ^ 
chalke ? 

Fan. Crossed 1 ye, checked out of o 

Court. Ab. Howeso? 

Fan. By God, by a praly slygtit, 
As here after thou shalte knowe more : 
But I must lary here; go thou before. 

Court. Ab. With whom shall I (here mete f 

Fan. Crafty Conueysuncestandelbin thestr^te, 
Ellen of purpose for the same. 

Court. Ah. Ye, but what shall I call my oame? 

Fan. Cockes harle, tourne ih&, let me se thyne 

Cocker bones, this is all ofJohnn de giijr. 

Court. Ab. So I ampoynledafterray coDS«yte- 
Fan. Mary, thou ietles it of hyght. 
Court. Ab. Ye, but of my name let vs be wyse- 
Fan. Mary, Lusty Pleasure, by myne a 

To nnme thyselfe, come of, it were done. 

3 and boldeiy- 
ball frome t^ 

than wi^^l 


Court, Ah, Farewell, my frende. 
Fan, Adue, IjU sone. * 

owe, bjrde, stowe, stowe ! seo 

is best I fede my hawke now. 
lere is many euyll faueryd, and thou be foule ; 
jbe thynge is fayre when it is yonge : all hayle, 

Lo, this is 

My fansy, I wys: 

Nowe Cryst it blysse ! 

It is, by Jesse, 

A byrde full swete. 

For me full mete : 

She is furred for the hete "» 

All to the fete ; 

Her browys bent, 

Her eyen glent : 

Frome Tyne to Trent, 

From Stroude to Kent, 

A man shall fynde 

Many of her kynde, 

Howe standeth the wynde 

Before or behynde : 

Barbyd lyke a nonne, m« 

For burnynge of the sonne ; 

Her fethers donne ; 

Well faueryd bonne. 

Nowe, let me se about, 

1 iiyll 8one\ Here Omrtly Abusyon goes out 


In nil lliis rowie 

Yf I can fynde out 

So Bfmelj a soowte 

Amonge this prese i 

EucD a hale meae — 

FeasB, mHn, pease I 

I rede, we sease. 

So farly t'ayre as it lokys, 

And her becke so comely crokys. 

Her naylys aharpe as tenter hokyst 

I haiie not tepl her yet Ihre wokya, 

And howe styll she dollie sytl 

Teuyt, teuyt, where is my wyt ? 

The deuyll spede whyt ! 

That n 



a hefore, I eet bebyode ; 
curleys, fovthivith TnkjndeH^ 
e lo sober, eomtyme to eaddeil 
e to mery, somtyme to madde^ 
e I eyt as I were solempe pn> 
e I Inughe ouer lowde ; 
e I wepe for a gew gaw ; 
Somtyme I laugbe at waggynge of a stra 
Wilh a pere my loue you may wynne, 
And ye may lese it for & pynne. 
I haue a thynge for to say, 
And 1 may tende therlo for play; 
But in faythe I am ko occupyed 
On this balfe and on euery syde, I 

That I wote not where I may rest. 
Fyrst lo tell you what were best, 


Frantyke Fansy-seruyce I hyglit ; 

My wyttys be weke, my braynys are lyght : 

For it is I that other whyle 

Plucke downe lede, and theke with tyle ; 

Nowe I wyll this, and nowe I wyll that ; 

Make a wyndrayll of a mat ; i»« 

Nowe I wolde, and I wyst what ; 

Where is my cappe ? I haue lost my hat ; 

And within an houre after, 

Plucke downe an house, and set vp a rafter ; 

Hyder and thyder, I wote not whyder ; 

Do and vndo, bothe togyder; 

Of a spyndell I wyll make a sparre ; 

All that I make, forthwith I marre ; 

I blunder, I bluster, I blowe, and I blother ; 

I make on the one day, and I marre on the other; 

Bysy, bysy, and euer bysy, ion 

I daunce vp and downe tyll I am dyssy ; 

I can fynde fantasyes where none is ; 

I wyll not haue it so, I wyll haue it this. 

Hie ingrediatur Folt, quatiendo crema^ et 

faciendo multum, feriendo tabtdas 

et similia, 

FoL Maysters, Cryst saue euerychone I 
What, Fansy, arte thou here alone ? 

1 crema] If this be the right reading, I am nnacqnainted 
with the word. It can hardly be a misprint for " cremia: ** 
qy. ** crembalumV " [Or,*' crebro?"C. J 

VOL. II. 4 



. Wliat. fonnjssbe Foly ! I befule thy face, 
t Wlwt, frantyke Faiisy in a Ibles Msel 
JKis this, an nwle or a glede ? 
jr ttouihe, she liaihe a greie hede. "■ 

Pan. Tusshe, iby lyppea hange in ihjiie eye: 
I It is a Frroclie boiterflye. 

Fol. By my irouihc, I trowe well ; 
Btti s1m> is lesw ■ grele dele 
llian a biiiterflve ofuur iutde. 

/•m. What pyUe curre ledest ihou in 

r«L ApyUecaml 
An. T« $«^ I tell tbi, a pyl^e cun% 
AL T«t I eoM« fab skynne to Mackemurre. 
I» tb« Mcde of a badge fnrre. 

JW. Wh«,l(eyestihoahbsk7nnei.-ueryyere? 
Jii T*«, io fayllie, 1 Ibanke God I may liere. 
Am. What, tbod write eot^be me a dawe for 

AC ihtiy. fijT, CakenDowihe is a good v»j 

Aa. What ? oCCtikxtntnnh ^pake I no nonlr- 
Ai By MT bytbe, syr, Ihe frabyssher hnili 

my strorde. 
i^fc A. I trowe, y^ sJmII maghe me a fole. 
Ai. In faytbe. trxMiihc ye s>y, we ireole ti^ 

gydw to scute. 
Ah. Te, bat I cait sonwbat moK of (be letter. 
HL I wyQ WW gyae an balfepeny Ft 

the better. 


Fan. But, broder F0I7, 1 wonder moche of one 
That thou so hye fro me doth sprynge, 
And I so lytell alway styll. 

FoL By God, I can tell th^, and I wyll. 
Thou art so feble fantastycall, 
And so braynsyke therwithall, 
And thy wyt wanderynge here and there, 
That thou cannyst not growe out of thy boyes 

And as for me, I take but one folysshe way. 
And therfore I growe more on one day «w 

Than thou can in yerys seuen. 

Fan, In faythe, trouth thou sayst nowe, by God 
of heuen ! 
For so with fantasyes my wyt dothe flete, 
That wysdome and I shall seldome mete. 
Nowe, of good felowshyp, let me by thy dogge. 
FoL Cockys harte, thou lyest, I am no hogge. 
Fan, Here is no man that callyd th^ hogge nor 

Fol, In faythe, man, my brayne is as good as 

Fan, The deuyls torde for thy brayne ! 
Fol, By my syers soule, I fele no rayne. noo 
Fan, By the masse, I holde th^ madde. 
FoL Mary, I knewe th^ when thou waste a 

Fan, Cockys bonys, herde ye euer syke an- 
other ? 

^H 52 



Te, a fole the tone, and a fole ihe iaiS^^ 

^^H Fan 

. Nnj*, but H'olest thou what I do say ? 

^^M Fol 

Why, sajst thou that I was liere yester- 

day ? 

^^H Fan 

. Cwkys armys, this is a. warke, I trowe. 

^^^H FoL What, callyst tbou me a (Jonnyehe crowe? 


. NoA'c, in good faythe, thou art a fondit 



Ye, here me this strawe to a. dawys nest. 

^^H ^an 

. What, wenyst thou that I were so ibiysshe 

andsofonde? uii 


In faylhe, ellya is there none in all Eng. 


^^^B ^on, 

■ Tet for my fansy sake, I say. 

^^m Let mE 

i haue thy dogge, what soeuer I pay. 

^H ^0^ 

Thou Hhalie haue my purse, and I wyll 

haue thyne. ^^^H 


, By my trouth, there is myne. ^^^| 


Nowe, by my trouth, man, lake, th^^^H 

myne ^^^H 

^^^V And I beshrowe hym that hath the worse. ^^^| 


Torde, I say, what haue I do? ^^H 

^ Here is 

\ iiothynge but the bockyll of a eho, ^^^| 

And in 

my purse was twenty marke. ^^H 


Ha, hii, ha 1 herke, syrs, liarke I ^^H 

For nil that my name hyglit Foly, ^* 

By the 

masse, yet art thou more fole thar. I, 


Xet gyue me thy dogge, and I am content; 

^^^^ And thou shalte haue my Imoke to a botchmenU ^^ 


1 1 myne] Qy., for the rhj-me, "my purse?" ^^H 


Fol, That euer thou thryue, God :.t forfende ! 
For, Goddes cope, thou wyll spendc. 
No we take thou my dogge, and gyue me thy 

Fan, Hay, chysshe, come hyder ! iiao 

FoL Nay, torde, take hym be tyme. 
Fan, What callyst thou thy dogge ? 
Fol. Tusshe, his name is Gryme. 
Fan, Come, Gryme, come, Gryme! it is my 

praty dogges, 
FoL In faythe, there is not a better dogge for 

Not from Anwyke vnto Aungey. 

Fan, Ye, but trowest thou that he be not 

maungey ? 
Fol, No, by my trouthe, it is but the scurfe and 

the scabbe. 
Fan. What, he hathe ben hurte with a stabbe? 
Fol, Nay, in faythe, it was but a strype n4o 
That the horson had for etynge of a trype. 

Fan, Where the deuyll gate he all these hurtes ? 
Fol, By God, for snatchynge of puddynges and 

Fan. What, then he is some good poore mannes 

curre ? 
Fol. Ye, but he wyll in at euery mannes dore. 
Fan. Nowe thou hast done me a pleasure grete. 
Fol. In faythe, I wolde thou had a marmosets 

"^fowU] Qy. a line wanting; to rhyme with this? 

^^H u 


^H Fan 

Coukes harle, I loue suche iapes. 


Ye, for ull thy myode is on owlea «iid apes. 

^^^H liut I haue tliy pultre, and iLou hasE my catell. "» 

^H Fan 

Te, but tLryfte aud we Laue maile a 




Eemembrest ibou not ibe iapes and iLe 

^H ^an 

toyea — 
What, that we vsed whan we were boye*? 


Te, by the rode, euen the same. 

^^^^ Fan 

Tea, yes, I am yet as full of game ^^^ 

^^K Ab eue 

r I was, and as full of tryfyls, ^^M 

^^B mi, niMliim, nihil, anglice njfyls. ^^| 


What canest thou all this Latyn yetv^^H 

^^H And Le 

St so mased a wandrynge wyt? iw 


Tusbe, man, 1 kepe some Latyn in slore. 


By Cockea harte, I wene thou bast VB 



^^1 ^an 

No? yes, in faythe, 1 can vei-ayfy. ^^^| 


Tiien, I pray th^ barttfly, ^^^| 

Make a 

verse of my butLerSy; ^^H 

It forseih not of the reason, so it kepe rymo. *^^| 


But wylte (bou make another on GrjI^^H 


Nay, in fayth, fyrsi let me here thya^H 


Mary, aa for that, thou sballe sonsi!^^| 


^^H Est snavi mago with a shrewde Tace vt7ts imagoJ 


Giirabaldua gredy, snatche a puddyng lyl 


lie rost be redy. im 


m, tff.J Betweea this line arid the next, ed. t^H 

r - 



Fan. By the harte of God, well done ! 
Foh Ye, so redely and so sone ! 

Here cometh in Crafty Conueyaunce. 

Cr. Con. What, Fansy ! Let me se who is the 

Fan. By God, syr, Foly, myne owne sworne 

Cr. Con. Cockys bonys, it is a farle freke : 
Can he play well at the hoddypeke ? 
Fan. Tell by thy trouth what sport can thou 

Fol. A, holde thy peas; I haue the tothe 

Cr. Con, The tothe ake ! lo, a torde ye haue. 
Fol, Ye, thou haste the four quarters of a 

knaue. iiw 

Cr. Con. Wotyst thou, I say, to whom thou 

spekys ? 
Fan. Nay, by Cockys harte, he ne reckys, 
For he wyll speke to Magnyfycence thus. 
Cr. Con. Cockys arrays, a mete man for vs. 
FoL What, wolde ye haue mo folys, and are so 

many ? 
Fan. Nay, offer hym a counter in stede of a 

Or. Con. Why, thynkys thou he can no better 

skyll ? 
Fol. In fayth, I can make you bothe folys, and 

I wyll. 




CoH. What haate thou on thy tyUj raP 

teryll F 


Nay, I wya, fole, it ia a doteryll. iw 


Con. In a cote Ition can play well the 



Te, but thou can play the Tole wilhout a 

^^m Far, 

1. Howe rode he by you ? howe put he to 

yoo F^ 


Con. Mary, as thon sayst, he g&ne m^L 


^^1 Butw 

here galte thou that mangey eurre? ^^H 


!. Mary, it was his. and nowe it is mjl^^l 

■ CS-. 

Con. And was it his, and nowe it is thyae7 

1 Thou 1 

must haae thy fansy and thy wyll. 

L But yet thou alialt holde me a fole styll. 

^H ^o/. 

Why, wenyst thou that I cnnuot make ih^ 

play the foa ? im 

^^^ Fmt 

. Yes, by my faythe, good 8yr Johnn. 

^^^B O. Cfm. For you bothe it were Enough. 


Why, wenyst thou that I were as tooche 

a fole as thou ? 

^B J-m 

. Nay, nay, thou ehalte fynde hym another 

mauer of" man. 


In fnytbe, I can do niastryes, so I can. 

^" Or. 

Con. What canest thou do but play GodatH 9 

1 *,.» 

. Tea, yei, he .yll unke the ete ■ gni^^l 

ipoB] Qj-.,fortlierb,vmo,"so.thare7" ^H 


FoL Yes, yes, by my trouth, I holde tb^ a 
That I shall laughe the out of thy cote. 

(7r. Con, Than wyll I say that thou haste no 
pere. 1210 

Fan, Nowe, by the rode, and he wyll go nere. 
Foh Hem, Fansy ! regardes^ voyes. 

Here Foly maketh semblaunt to take a 
lowse from Crafty Conueyaunck 
Fan, What hast thou founde there ? 
FoL By God, a lowse. 

Or. Con, By Cockes harte, I trowe thou lyste. 
FoL By the masse, a Spaynysshe moght with 

a gray lyste. 
Fan, Ha, ha, ha, ha, ha, ha! 
Or, Con, Cockes armes, it is not so, I trowe. 

Here Crafty Conu[ey]aunce putteth 
of his gowne, 
FoL Put on thy gowne agayne, for nowe thou 

hast lost.^ 
Fan, Lo, Johnn a Bonam, where is thy brayne ? 
Nowe put on, fole, thy cote agayne. i«i 

FoL Gyue me my grote, for thou hast lost. 

Here Foly maketh semblaunt to take 
money of Crafty Conueyaunce, 
saynge to hym^ 
8hyt thy purse, dawe, and do no cost, 

'^for nowe ihou hast lost] Qy., for the rhyme, " for thou hast 
lost nowe?" 



Fan. Xone bait ihoo oot a prawde d 

Cr. Con, Wiib, <re$, bj- the rode i^ Wodslode 

Fan, Siij, I tell ih^, he maketh no dowtes 
To loume a fole out of his clowies. 

Cr, Con. And for a fote a man wolde b7ni take> 

Jot Naj, it is I ibat foles can make ; 
For, be he cayser or be he kyoge, n 

To felowsbvp with Folj I can hjm btyDge. 

Fan. Say, irjlte ibou here oQwe of bis Bcole«, 
And what maner of people he makeih folea? 

Cr. Con. Yc, let vs here a worJe or twayne. 

FoL Sjr, of my maner I shall tell yoo tlie 
Fyrst I lay before ibem my bybyll. 
And teche tbem bowe ihey sholde ajt ydyl!, 
To pyke (beyr fyfg^rs itl' ^^^ ^y longe i 
So in theyr eyre 1 synge tbem a. songe. 
And make ihem eo longe to mu^e, wi 

That some of them renneih struyght to the Hose ; 
To (beOe and bryboury I make some fall. 
And pyke a locke and clyme a wail; 
Atid where I spy a nysot gay. 
That wyll syt ydytl alt the day, 
And can not set heraelfe to warke, 
1 kyndell in her sache a lyiber sparke, 
I'bat rubbed she mufl be on the gall 
liyttrene the tappet and the wall. 

Cr. Coa. Whtu, horsoi), ane thou such a 



Fan, Nay, beyonde all other set hym alone. 

Cr. Con. Hast thou ony more ? letse, procede. 

FoL Ye, by God, syr, for a nede, 
I haue another nianer of sorte, 
That I laugh at for my dysporte ; 
And those be they that come vp of nought, 
As some be not ferre, and yf it were well sought : 
Suche dawys, what soeuer they be, 
That be set in auctorite, 

Anone he waxyth so hy and prowde, law 

He frownyth fyersly, brymly browde. 
The knaue wolde make it koy, and he cowde ; 
All that he dothe, muste be alowde ; 
And, This is not well done, syr, take hede ; 
And maketh hym besy where is no nede : 
He dawnsys so longe, hey, troly loly. 
That euery man lawghyth at his foly. 

Cr. Con, By the good Lorde, truthe he sayth. 

Fan. Thynkyst thou not so, by thy fayth ? 

Cr. Con. Thynke I not so, quod he ! ellys haue 
I shame, 1^70 

For I knowe dyuerse that vseth the same. 

FoL But no we, forsothe, man, it maketh no 
mater ; 
For they that wyll so bysely smater. 
So helpe me God, man, euer at the length 
I make hym ^ lese moche of theyr strength ; 

1 hym\ Compare v. 427, p. 22. Perhaps these inconsisten- 
cies may have arisen from contractions in the MS. 

00 MAGrrrrYCENCE. 

For with foly so do I them iede. 

That wyt he waQtyih when he hath moste ned«. 

Jan. Forsothe, tell ou: husC thou any mo? 

Fol. Yes, 1 shall tell jou, or I go. 
Of dyuerse mo that hauntytb my acoljrs. 

Cr. Con. All tana beware of eucbe fol^ 

Fal, Thei'e be two Ijther, rude sod n 
Symkyn Tytyuell and Pers Pykthanke ; 
Theys lylhera I leme Ihem for to lere 
What he Baytb and she sayth to lay good 9 
And tell to hia sufferayne euery whyt, 
And then he is nioche made of for bis wyt 
And, be the mater yll more or lease. 
He wyll make it mykyll wor$e than it is;] 
But uU that he dothe, and yf he reken w 
It is but foly euery dell. 

Fan. Are not his wordys curaydly cowohy^' 

O. Con. By God, there be some that bo 
shroudly towchyd : 
But. I eay, let ee and yf thou haue any more. 

Fol. I haue an hole armory of suche hnburdasbe 

For there be other that foly dothe vse. 
That fojowe fonde fanlasyes and verlu refuse. 
Fan. Nay, that is ray parte that thou sptkefl 

FqI. Ho 19 all the remenaunt, I make GtA 

For thou fourmest suche fantasy ea in theyriq 
Tcat euery man almost groweih out of kyr 


Qr, Con. By the masse, I am glad that I came 
To here you two rutters dyspute togyder. 
Fan. Nay, but Fansy must be eyther fyrst or 

F6L But whan Foly cometh, all is past* 
Fan. I wote not whether it cometh of th^ or 
of me, 
But all is foly that I can se. 

Or. Con, Mary, syr, ye may swere it on a 

Fol, Ye, toume ouer the lefe, rede there and 
Howe frantyke Fansy fyrst of all wio 

Maketh man and woman in foly to fall. 
Cr. Con, A, syr, a, a 1 howe by that I 
Fan, A peryllous thynge, to cast a cat 
Vpon a naked man, and yf she scrat. 

Fol, So how, I say, the hare is squat ! 
For, frantyke Fansy, thou makest men madde ; 
And I, Foly, bryngeth them to qui fait gadde. 
With qui fait brayne seke I haue them brought 
From qui fait aliquid to shyre shaky nge nought. 
Cr, Con, Well argued and surely on bothe 
sydes : laao 

But for th^, Fansy, Magnyfycence abydes. 
Fan, Why, shall I not haue Foly with me 

Cr, Con, Yes, perde, man, whether that ye 
ryde or go : 

02 UAaxiFTCENCB. 1 

Yet for his name we musl fynde a slygliL* 
Fan. By the in»^»e, he shall hyglit CaoMiyie. 
Or. Con. Not a belter name vnd«r tbe sanne: 

With Magnyfycence tbou shalte wonne. 
Fol. God haiie merty, good godfatlier. 
Or. Con. Yet I woide that ye iiad gone rather; 

for. as sone as yoa coine in Mtignyl'ycence sygbli 

All mesure and good rule is gone quyte. i" 

Fan. And shall we haue lyberte to do vbal 

Cfr. Con. Ryot at lyberie russfaeth it out stjlL 

Fol. Ye, but tell me one thynge. 

Or. Con. What is thai ? 

Fol. Who is mayster of the massbe fat ? 

Fan. Ye, for he halhe a full dry soule. 

Or. Oon. Cockes armes, itiou shalte kepe llis 

brewbouse boule. 
Fol. But may I drynke iherof whylesl thai I 

I is gone, wbat nedeet 

Ct. Cou. When i 
thoo spare ? 
Whan mesure is gone, we may slee care. 
FoL Nowe then goo we hens, away [he msrel' 

CKAPTr CoNUETACNCE alont in the platf- 
Ct. Con. It is wonder lo se the worlde abouie, 
To se what foly ia vsed iti euery place; 

Irfjjfe] Ed. "shjflB." Compare r. 68T, p. 8S, bb'I'-**' 
p. 48, whera^slyglit" (sleight)" tba rhyme lo "comy''''' 
* Ae m(rre\ Hera Foig and Faiug go ont. 


Foly hath a rome, I say, in euery route, 
To put, where he lyst, Foly hath fre chace ; 
Foly and Fansy all where, euery man dothe face 

and brace ; 
Foly fotyth it properly, Fansy ledyth the dawnce ; 
And next come I after, Crafty Conueyaunce. 
Who so to me gyueth good aduertence, ikb 

Shall se many thyngys donne craftely : 
By me conueyed is wanton insolence, 
Pryuy poyntmentys conueyed so properly, 
For many tymes moche kyndnesse is denyed 
For drede that we dare not ofte lest we be spyed ; 
By me is conueyed mykyll praty ware, 
Somtyme, I say, behynde the dore for nede ; 
I haue an hoby can make larkys to dare ; 
I knyt togyther many a broken threde. 
It is great almesse the hungre to fede, law 

To clothe the nakyd where is lackynge a smocke, 
Trymme at her tayle, or a man can turne a socke: 
What howe, be ye mery ! was it not well con- 
ueyed ? 
As oft as ye lyst, so honeste be sauyd ; 
Alas, dere harte, loke that we be not perseyuyd ! 
Without crafte nothynge is well behauyd ; 
Though I shewe you curtesy, say not that I craue,* 
Yet conuey it craftely, and hardely spare not for 

1 craue\ Qy., for the rhyme, " craued? " unless something 
be wanting. 


So that ihero knowe 

1 but I and she. 

Thefie also and pety brybery 
Witbout me be lull oft aspyed : 
My iiiwyt delyDgi? tbere eiin no man dyscry, 
Oonuey it be crafte, lyft and lay osyde: 
Full ittoche fiatery and falEebods I hyde, 
And by crafty conueyaunce I wyll, and I can, 
Saue a stronge [hefe and liunge a trew man. 
But some man nolde conuey, and can not fkfll. 
As malypert tauernars that checke with thetr 

be Hera, 
Theyr conueyaunce weltyth the worke all by wylli 
And some wyll take vpon them to conlerTiiI 

letters, ™ 

And therwithall conuey hyraselfe into a payre ol 

fetters ; 
And some wyll conuey by the pretence of eml- 

Tyli all theyr conueyaunce is tnmyd into mad- 
Crafty coDueyaunce is no chyldlya game : 
By crafty conueyaunce many one is brought vp 

of nought ; 
Crafty Conueyaunce can cloke bymselfe frooe 

For by crafty conueyaunce wonderful 

are wrought: 
By conuayaunce crafty I haue brought 
Vnto Magnyfyce[nce] a. full Tngracyous 
For all liokea vnliappy to me haue resorle. 



Here cometh in Magnyfycence with Lybertb 

and Felycyte. 

Magn. Trust me, Lyberte, it greueth me ryght 
To se you thus ruled and stande in suche awe. 
Ijyb, Syr, as by my wyll, it shall be so no more. 
Fd. Yet lyberte without rule is not worth a 

Magn. Tushe, holde your peas, ye speke lyke 
a dawe ; 
Ye shall be occupy ed, Wei the, at my wyll. [sky 11. 
Or. Con. All that ye say, syr, is reason and 
Magn. Mayster Suruayour, where haue ye ben 
so longe ? 
Remembre ye not how my lyberte by mesure 
ruled was? 
Or. Con. In good faythe, syr, me semeth he 
had the more wronge. 1400 

Lyh. Mary, syr, so dyd he excede and passe. 
They droue me to lernynge lyke a dull asse. 
Fel. It is good yet that lyberte be ruled by 

Magn. Tushe, holde your peas, ye speke out 
of season : 
Yourselfe shall be ruled by lyberte and largesse. 
Fel. I am content, so it in measure be. 
Lyh. Must mesure, in the mares name, you 

furnysshe and dresse ? 
Magn. Nay, nay, not so, my frende Felycyte. 

VOL. II. 5 



Or. Con, Not, and your grace wolde be n\A I 

by me. 
Ijfb. Nil)', he eball be ruled euen as I Ijil i( 
Fel. Yel it ii good lo beware of Had I wyst. 
Miign. Syr, by lyberte and largesse Iwyllttii 
ye shall 
Be gouerned and gj'dt'd : wole ye what I say ? 
Mayster Suruayour, Largesse to me call. 
Cr. Con. It shall be done. 
Magn. Ye, but byd hym come away 
Al ones, tind let faym not tury all day. 

Here goth out Crafty Condayachck- 
Fel. Yet it is good wysdonie lo worke wysely 

by wellh. 

lAjh. Holde thy tonge, and thou loue Ihy heltk 

Magn. What, wyll ye waste wynde, and pnite 

thus in voyne? '» 

Ye haue eten sauce, I trowe, at the Taylere Hall. 

hyb. Be not lo bolde, iny frende ; I counsell 

you, here a brayne. 
Magn. And whal so we say, bolde yon conieni 

with all. 
Fel, Syr, yet without sapyence your sobstauncE 
may be sisal ; 
For, where is no mesure, howe raay worshjp 
endure? ^^ 

Here comelh in Fanst. 

Fan. Syr, I 
Tour grace sen 

It your pleasure ; ^^1 
I wcne; what U yoW 


1 byther, Largessi 


1 'ake her 
F<m. Why, wene you that lean fcepe hym longe 

styll ? 
Magn. To rule aa ye lyst, lo, here is X^yberle ! 
Lyb, I am here redy. hsi 

Fan. What, shall we haue welih at our gydynge 
10 rule aa we lyst ? 
Then fare well thryfie, by hym that croase kyst ! 
Fd. I truste your grace wyjl be agreabyll 
' That I shall suffer none impeehmeat 
By iheyr demenaunce nor losae repryuable, 
Magn. Syr, ye shall folowe myne appetyte and 

Ftl. So it be by n 


m ryght \ 
good syr, i 

Fan. What, all by n 

excesse ? 
L^b. Why, wehh hath made maoy a man 

braynlesse. "" 

JiS That was by the menys of to moche lyberte. 
Magn. What, can ye agree thus and appose ? 
I'd. Syr, ns I say, there was no faote in nie. 
iyd. Ye, of Jackea thromroys bybyll can ye 

Fan, Sore sayde, I tell you, and well lo the 
purpose : 
nljttt sholde a man do with you ? loke you ynder 
iVt I say, it ia foly to gyuo ail wellL away. 


l^. tTbrihersboUewdUttenitj^dbj-lj'bei'le, 

Or Ubcrtc bj wehli? let se, teD mc tliat. iw 

^(Z. Syr, as Bie aenieik, je tJioIile be rulyil 

Jfi^M. Wlwt Beds fo* nth liTin thus praie 


A*. Sbe«« vs TOUT Bjnde ibeo, bowa t( 

■nd wbaL 
JIG9M. I sMj, tbai I K7Q je iiAue hjn 

Zyi^ Uajster Fvljcrte, I«i be joar cbjdynge, 
And ao as je se it wjU be no bener. 
Take it in voctbe sudhe as re f^nde. 

Fan- Wbot the deoTll, man, jonr naote sbslbe 
For trelih wilhoot larg«M b all oat of kjmde. 
Lgk, And wdih b aou*iit wonhe, vf Ij^berie be 

i^ign. Nbwe hoUejeooQtent, for thneii none 
other ehj-fte, "" 

Fd. Than wa~te mast be •relootne, and lire 

veU thrjfie! 
Magn. Takeof faiasataetanneeasuremoentoT^. 
And gel Iboa * botae togTtber i tot Lj-bene iktU 

Aad wane Tpon me. 

Lyi. And ret for a meBHuj, 
UUke uidentures hotre je and I shal gjde. 

m) Qj. ' ymt? " ne aote ea t. nTtt fi. n> 


Fan. I can do notbjnge but he stonde besyde. 
Lyb. Syr, we can do nothynge the one without 

the other. 
Magn. Well, get you hens than, and sende me 

some other. 
Fan. Whom? lusty Pleasure, or mery Con- 
sayte ? "to 

Magn, Nay, fyrst lusty Pleasure is my desyre 
to haue, 
And let the other another * awayte, 
Howe be it that fonde felowe is a mery knaue ; 
But loke that ye occupye the auctoryte that I 

you gaue. 
[^Here goeth ouU Feltc yte, Lyberte, and Fans Y. 

Magnyfycence alone in the place. 

For nowe,* syrs, I am lyke as a prynce sholde be ; 
I haue welth at wyll, largesse and lyberte : 
Fortune to her lawys can not abandune me, 
But I shall of Fortune rule the reyne ; 
I fere nothynge Fortunes perplexyte ; 
All honour to me must nedys stowpe and lene ; 
I synge of two partys without a mene ; i«i 

I haue wynde and wether ouer all to sayle, 
No stormy rage agaynst me can peruayle. 
Alexander, of Macedony kynge, 
That all the oryent had in subieccyon. 

1 cmoOier] Qy. " anoUier time ? '* 

* For noioe, ^c] In ed. this speech is given to Fanty, 

^tiiM eonqataijs were brougbt to rekw 

me. * 



"H^jH awKOt iTgbl *^ vnder mv proteccyoo 

g^j^iam for ■!) bb BBTcj^ aSeeeyoa ; 

f%t 1 an {irrnce perksse proujd or porte, 

^gj^« mUh blysM!, enbrmcvd with comfone. 

^jp ihai ftoleme ever of Babylon, 

^^ W«rU retevsyd of ibejr captjuytfi) 

fte *i Iti* jionipe, for all hi$ rjall Ipone, 

1^ ^i^i not be comparjd vnta me. 

1 aM tb* ^^mounde dowtlesse of dygn^e 

!$^^ It ia I thai all may saue and spjll; 

Jit swui i«0 liurdy ro worke agajnst my wy] 

Vtowvojni, tlie prowde prouoste of Turky 

l^u ratyd tliH IloiTiaynej and made them y 11 reil> 

Sm V\'Mr July, Ihnt no mnn mygfat wilhslaodi, 

^i^M Bouer IihIA; bo rychely as I am drest : * 

Jjt\ ibai I Hdgure you ; loke wlu> was the best. 

tn^YM ii> my robys, I rule as me lyst, 

I 4^uc downe lb[ejse dailardy^ with a dynl J 

my ("yate. 
QlfOKlO tlie counte acounlyd the cane, 
^Miyua, the doughty cheftayn of Perse, 
I «•! uoi liy tlxe prowdesl of them a prane, 
({» by aon olher tbat any man can rehersM. 
I folvwv in felj'cyte without reue[r^s3e, 
k Uivtlu no daunger, I dawnce all in delyte; >" 
^ uume is Magnyfycence, man most of mjgl''' 
he herdy, with hia slobburne 


Fhat made Cerberus to cache, the cur dogge of 

^nd Thesius, that prowde was Pluto to face, 
[t wolde not become them with me for to mell : 
For of all barones bolde I here the bell, 
!)f all doughty I am doughtyest duke, as I deme ; 
Vo me all prynces to lowte man be sene.* 
>herlemayne, thatmantenyd the nobles of Fraunce, 
\.rthur of Albyan, for all his brymme berde, i«« 
!sor Basyan the bolde, for all his brybaunce, 
sTorAlerycuSjthatrulyd the Gothyaunce by swerd, 
^or no man on molde can make me aferd. 
Vhat man is so maysyd with me that dare mete, 
shall flappe hym as a fole to fall at my fete. 
i^alba, whom his galantys garde for a gaspe, 
J'or Nero, that nother set by God nor man, 
for Vaspasyan, that bare in his nose a waspe, 
for Hanyball agayne Rome gates that ranne, 
Jor yet Cypyo, that noble Cartage wanne, isao 
^or none so hardy of them with me that durste 

^ut I shall frounce them on the foretop, and gar 
them to quake. 

Here cpmeth in Courtly Abusyon, doynge 
reaerence and courtesy. 

Court, Ah. At your commaundement, syr, wy th 
all dew reuerence. 

1 be tene] Qy., « may beseme ? '* C. 

. WelMin, Pleasura 
. Plesyih it jou 

Moffn. Lei v 

toourmagnj'fyceMtr I 
' grace to ahevre wlul I 

of yoor plea.^u 

the tyme withall. 
CoHrt. Ab. Syr, then wild the fauour of j'ODt 
benynge sufferaunce 
To aliewe you my myBde myfielfe I wyll auauncCi 
If it lyke your grace to take it in degre. 

Magn. Yes, syr, so good man in you I se, »• 
And in your delycge so good a^suraunce, 
Thai Via delyte gretiy in your dalyauoce, 

Court. Ab. A, syr, your grace me dothe eiiole 
and rayse, 
And ferre beyond my merytya ye me corameniie 

and prayse ; 
Howe be it, I wolde be ryght gladJe, I you assure, 
Any ibynge to do thiit myglit be to yoLtr plensure. 
Magn. As I be saued, with pleasure I am enp- 
pry By d 
Of your langage, it is so well deuysed ; 
Pullyflhyd and fresshe is your ornacy. 

Court. Ab. A, 1 wolde to God thai I weK halft 
60 crafty, i" 

Or in elecie vlleraunce halfe bo eloquent. 
As tlial I myght your noble grace content! 
Magn. Truste me, with you 1 am bygblj 
pi easy d, 
For in my fauour I haue you fe.ffyd 
He \i not lyuynge your muners can auiendfi 


Mary, your speche is as pleasant as though it 

were pend ; 
To here your comon, it is my hygh comforte ; 
Poynt deuyse all pleasure is your porte. 

Court. Ah. Syr, I am the better of your noble 

reporte ; 
But, of your pacyence vnder the supporte, i«o 
If it wolde lyke you to here my pore mynde — 
Magn. Speke, I beseche th^, leue nothynge 

Court. Ah. So as ye be a prynce of great 

It is semynge your pleasure ye delyte, 
And to aqueynte you with carnal 1 delectacyon, 
And to fall in aquayntaunce with euery newe 

facyon ; 
And quyckely your appetytes to sharpe and 

To fasten your fansy vpon a fay re maystresse, 
That quyckly is enuyued with rudyes of the rose, 
Inpurtured with fetures after your purpose, i57e 
The streynes of her vaynes as asure inde blewe, 
Bnbudded with beautye and colour fresshe of 

k& lyly whyte to loke vpon her leyre, 
Her eyen relucent as carbuncle so clere, 
Her mouthe enbawmed, dylectable and mery, 
Her lusty lyppes ruddy as the chery : 
Howe lyke you? ye lacke, syr, suche a lusty 


Jji^k J>(fac «m a babr la hnce and » 

t>«aW» t bMi^ b«n Am bed djd barowe, 
Wife «■ ilk h myi^ M^Aa * Phjrljp >pargwe! m 
K <«dfe taafeM Mi*l«iC UT bnle d;d warke, 

"P tii ji «■■*» itt B^M «TT« tbej be so lustel; 

T^M 4M MMite • frdale mj flessbe wolda be 

IhlBr Hiwiifci mt m itanolj, and ijkjU mj «»• 

Ita* w^^ K wnth b* on AKfae a ba^le : 
^ CT Ii Ai i lj aniMb wfara m jght Boebe one be 

Am. Jlk IhH yu speaik (Wv monej ? 

Jftpib Ti^ a ttuw r ap Ai pounde. 

Am. JK >«>. aar. be iaett I wanonl 70U 

.Aaa kcMt^ hHMw m2 kvOe » jwv bed. 

JM^a^ TiiJ^i — if,»awt»i ihoo, make and* 

Om«. A Ska^raaiLMfa iaarchacmlea,Ilell 

■My^ ^'Vs *?^ * aurures b« wonne fnr 

VMl^ Mil ^gaUc? 

Owc^Jk VX*.«»faMtiariB(nc7TnviM>il» 
^^ ■>■? a $c«^it ^«e and Uwne kaib Ul 


Bj the meanes of money without onj gonne. 
A majstres, I tell you, is but a small thynge ; 
A goodly rybon, or a golde rynge, 
May Wynne with a sawte the fortresse of the 
holde ; isoo 

But one thynge I warne you, prece forth and be 
Magn. Ye, but some be full koy and passynge 

harde harted. 
Court. Ah, But, blessyd be our Lorde, they 

wyll be sone conuerted. 
Magn, Why, wyll they then be intreted, the 

most and the lest ? 
Court. Ah. Ye, for omnis rmUier meretrix, si 

celari potest. 
Magn. A, I haue spyed ye can moche broken 

Court. Ah. I coude holde you with suche talke 
hens tyll to morowe ; 
But yf it lyke your grace, more at large 
Me to permyt my mynde to dyscharge, 
I wolde yet shewe you further of my consayte. mo 
McLgn. Let se what ye say, shewe it strayte. 
Court. Ah. Wysely let these wordes in your 
mynde be wayed : 
By waywarde wylfulnes let eche thynge be con- 

uayed ; 
What so euer ye do, folowe your owne wyll ; 
Be it reason or none, it shall not gretely skyll ; 
Be it ryght or wronge, by the aduyse of me, 


Take yotir pleasure and vse frea liberie; 
And yf you se ony thvnge agMynsl four mj^de, 
Then some ocvacyoD of quarell je muiit tjaie, 
Aiid irowoe it and face il, as iboughe je wolde 
fyght, ■• 

Prete joureelfe for anger and for dyepyte; 
Here no man, what fo euer ihey say, 
liul do as ve Ij^st, and lake your owna way. 
Maffn. Thy wordes and my mynde odly wU 

Covri, Ah. What sfaolde ye do elles? are nDt 
you a lorde ? 
Let your iust and lykynge slande for a lawe; 
Be wrasiynge and wrylhynge, and away drawe. 
And ye ^ a man lliut wilh hvm ye be noC {Jea£<fi!< 
And that your mynde ram noi well be eased, ■" 
Aj yf a man fonune lo louche yon on Ihe qujtei 
Then fejne yourseire dyseased and make pur- 
sell e $(;ke : 
To styre rp your ^tomake you must you fo^ 
Cnll for a candell and ca^t vp your gor^; 
With. Cocbes arme$, re$t shnll I none haue 
Tyll I be nuenged on thai horson fcnaue ( 
A, hone my slomake wnmbletb ! I am all in ' 

Is llierp no borson ihal knaue that wyll bfle ? 
Magn. By Cocke? «-ouDdes, a wonder li^< 
ibou ane ; 


For ofte tymes suche a wamblynge golh ouer my 

harte ; 
Yet I am not harte seke, but that me lyst i64o 

For myrth I haue hym coryed, beten, and blyst, 
Hym thai I loued not and made hym to loute, 
I am forthwith as hole as a troute ; 
For suche abusyon I vse nowe and than. 

Court, Ah, It is none abusyon, syr, in a noble 

It is a pryncely pleasure and a lordly mynde ; 
Suche lustes at large may not be lefte behynde. 

Here cometh in Cloked Coluston with 


CI, Col, Stande styll here, and ye shall se 
That for your sake I wyll fall on my kne. 

Court. Ah, Syr, Sober Sadnesse cometh, wher- 
fore it be ? . i«m 

Magn, Stande vp, syr, ye are welcom to me. 
CL Col, Please it your grace, at the contem- 
Of my pore instance and supplycacyon. 
Tenderly to consyder in your aduertence, 
Of our blessyd Lorde, syr, at the reuerence, 
Hemembre the good seruyce that Mesure hath 

you done, 
And that ye wyll not cast hym away so sone. 
Magn, My frende, as touchynge to this your 
I may say to you I haue but small deuocyon ; 

llou'e be it, at jour inslauDce I wjInE^n 

Do as moche as for 


e father. 

01. CoL Nay, syr, thai atfeccyon ought to be 

For of your grace I haue it nought deserued ; 
But y{ it lyke you that I myght rowne id your 

Tc ehewe you my mynde I wolde haue the lead 

Magn. Stands a lytell abacke, syr, and let bym 

come hyder. 
Court. Ab. With a good wyl!, Byr, God fpede 

you hot he togyder. 
CI. CoL Syr, to it is, this man is here b 
That for hyra to labours be bath ] 

harlely ; 
Notwithstandynge to you be it sayde, 
To trust in roe he is but dyssayued i 
For, so heipe me God, for you he is not n 
I spcke ibe Bot'tlyer, because he sliolde not « 
Magn. Come hyder, Pleasure, you shall bete 
myne eiitent : 
Mesure, ye knowe wel, with byro I can not be 

And surely, as I am nowe ailuysed, 
I wyll haue Iiym rehayled and dyapysed. 
Howe aay ye, ayrs ? herein wliat is best ? 

Coart. Ab. By myne aduyse with yoii in fcyli 
he shall not rest. 

, ijoa epeuo 



CZ. OoL Yet, syr, reserued your better aduyse- 
ment, i«i 

It were better he spake with you or he wente. 
That he knowe not but that I haue supplyed 
All that I can his matter for to spede. 

Magn, Nowe, by your trouthe, gaue he yon 

not a brybe ? 
GL Col, Yes, with his hande I made hym to 
A byll of recorde for an annuall rent. 

Court, Ah, But for all that he is lyke to haue 

a glent. 
CI, Col, Ye, by my trouthe, I shall waraunt 
you for me, 
And he go to the deu[y]ll, so that I may haue 

my fee, 

"What care I ? lew 

Magn, By the masse, well sayd. 

Court, Ah. What force ye, so that ye be payde ? 

CI, Col, But yet, lo, I wolde, or that he wente, 

Lest tliat he thought that his money were euyll 

That ye wolde loke on hym, thoughe it were not 
Magn, Well cannest thou helpe a preest (o 

synge a songe. 
CL Col, So it is all the maner nowe a dayes, 
For to vse suche haftynge and crafty wayes. 
Court, Ah. He telleth you trouth, syr, as I you 


Magn. Well, for thy sake the belter I n 

Thai he come hyder, and to gyne hjm a loke 
That he t^biill Ijki- ihe worse all ihia woke. 

CI. Col. I care not howe sons he be refaaed, 
So ihftl I may crafiely be excused. 

Court. Ah. Where is he ? 

a. Col. Mary, I made hym abyde. 
Whyleat I came to you, a lylell hero besyde. 

Magn. Well, call hym, and let va here bjin 


Mb8. Syr, God rewarde you as ye haue de- 
serued : 
But thynke you with Magnyfycence T shal be 
reserued ? 
Ol. Col. By my trouth, I can not tell you that ; 
But, and I were as ye, I wolde not set a gnat 
By Magnyfycence, nor yet none of his, 
For, go when ye shall, of you shall he mysse. 
Mes, Syr, as ye say. 
CL CoL Nay, come on with me : 
Yet ones agayne I shall fall on my kne itso 

For your sake, what so euer befall ; 
I set not a ilye, and all go to all. 

Mes. The Holy Goost be with your grace. 
67. GoL Syr, I beseche you, let pety haue some 
In your brest towardes this gentylman. 

Magn, I was your good lorde tyll that ye be- 
So masterfully vpon you for to take 
With my seruauntys, and suche maystryes gan 

That holly my mynde with you is myscontente ; 
Wherfore I wyll that ye be resydent 1740 

With me no longer. 

CI, CoL Say somwhat nowe, let se, for your 

1 Ui te^for your «e{/e] Qy., for the rhyme, ** for your selfe, 
let 86? ** — ^unless " for your selfe " was intended to form tha 
ftommencement of the next verse. 

VOL. II. 6 


Mel, Syr, yf I myglit permytted b 
[ wolde to you say a worde or tnajne. 
Magn. Wtial, woldest thou, luixlen, with ma 
brawie Jlgayne ? 
Haue hym hens, I say, out of my syght; 
That day I se hym, I shall he wor^e a]| nygfal. 
\_Here Mesubk gotk out of t&e pla-t} 
Court. Ab. Heiu, thou haytiyarde, out of ibe 

dorea last I 
Mitgn. Alas, my sloinake fareth as it wolde vasi I 
CI, Col Abyde, eyr, abyde, let me tiolde your 

MagTi. A bolle or a basyn, I say, for Ooddei 
bi-edo I 
A, my hede 1 But ia the horson gone ? 
God gyu<! hym a myschefie ! Kay, nowe let W 

CL Co!, A good dryfte, ayr, a praty fete: 
By (he good Lorde, yet your temples bete. 
Magn. Nay, so Giod me helpe, it wa§ no grate 
For I am pauged ofie tymes of this same facjoD. 
CI. Col. Cockes armea, Lowe Pleasure plncJEnl 
bym forth ! 

1 i3ii"< 3/esu™ jdA Dti( ii/*ifteplH:<] To thi 
ought lo ba added—" ailh Omrdy Abuit/im, who, at ha t«Tt» 
Aim d^, ezi'Jainu." See what Cl<ii</d Oiiuiyint aayt a lilUl 

"Coctes armes, howe Pleasaro plucked hym (brill!" 
Pleasare is the nasumrd natae of Omrlly Abuti/an. 


Magn. Ye, walke he must, it was no better 

CL Col, Syr, no we me thynke your harte is 
well eased. neo 

Magn, Nowe Measure is gone, I am the better 

Gl, Gol. So to be ruled by measure, it is a payne. 
Magn, Mary, I wene he wolde not be glad to 

come agayne. 
CL Col. So I wote not what he sholde do here : 
Where mennesbelyes is mesured, there is nochere; 
For I here but fewe men that gyue ony prayse 
Vnto measure, I say, nowe a days. 

Magn, Measure, tut I what, the deuyll of hell ! 
Scantly one with measure that wyll dwell. 

CL Col, Not amonge noble men, as the worlde 
gothe : 1770 

It is no wonder therfore thoughe ye be wrothe 
With Mesure. Where as all noblenes is, there I 

haue past: 
They catche that catche may, kepe and holde fast, 
Out of all measure themselfe to enryche; 
No force what thoughe his neyghbour dye in a 

With pollynge and pluckynge out of all measure, 
Thus must ye stuffe and store your treasure. 
Magn, Yet somtyme, parde, I must vse 

CL CoL Ye, mary, somtyme in a messe of 


A* III a IrytyU nr iu a tbyn^ « 
A> m;uvu|i(( u iliyiigu ibnt ye neDcr Unigbt : 
It i* the KJ1V uii^Vd, I saj'. ooer all : 
l.nrKi-'Hse in wontca, (or rt^waniee are b« hisE: 
'I'u Hitiku (nyrv pramjea. what are f« the mne-' 
I>«t IDU Imiin ttii! ruin of your pune. 
Mitgn. \ Imitft tnkeu it ta Lirg«we »q4 LtImW 
a. Vol Thmi is it done ub it ^koUe be: 
lliit VHP your lurgfisse by tlie •JuTb^ of tob. 
And I Hhftll wnniiint you welth vml Irberte. 
Mngn. 8iiy on ; me thjuke joor ranods be 
priifiiiinile. i* 

67. CW. Syr, of my cwuusayle this shall be ibt 
To choHe out ii. iii. of suuhe as yoo lot»e bsL 
And let oil your fansyes vpoo them nsi; 
Spuru fur no cost to gyue lliem pounde axiA penj. 
UotCer to ninko iii. ryohe than for to nmlce nmuj: 
Uyuu tltuni more than ynou^'lie und let tliennnt 

And UB for all oiher let lliem Irusse and packtl 
Plucke froni an hundred, and gyue il to ibre. 
Let neyilier palent scape tliem nor fee i "■ 

And wliere soeuer you wyll ikil to a rekenyngei 
Tliose ilire wyll be redy euuu at your bekenyngCi 
Kor then • sliati you haue at lyberte to lowie; 
I^t Ihem huue all, and the other go wiihoui: 
Tbua ioy without mesure you eliall buue. 

"tte»] (Jy."thein?" 


Magn, Thou eayst truthe, by the harte that 
God me gaue ! 
For, as thou sayst, ryght so shall it be : 
And here I make the vpon Lyberte 
To be superuysour, and on Largesse also, 
For as thou wylte, so shall the game go ; 
Foi in Pleasure, and Surueyaunce, and also in 
th^, WW 

I haue set my hole felycyte. 
And suche as you wyll shall lacke no promocyon. 
€1. Col. Syr, syth that in me ye haue suche 
Commyttynge to me and to my felowes twayne 
Your welthe and felycyte, I trust we shall 

To do you seruyce after your appetyte. 

Magn, In fay the, and your seruyce ryght well 
shall I acquyte ; 
And therfore hye you hens, and take this ouer- 
CL Col, Nowe, Jesu preserue you, syr, prynce 
most of myght ! 

Here goth Cloked Colusyon awaye^ 
and leueth Magntftcence alone 
in the place, 
Magn. Thus, I say, I am enuyronned with 
solace ; |82« 

I drede no dyntes of fatall desteny. 
Well were that lady myght stande in my grace, 
Me to enbrace and loue moost specyally : 

pi. Ti^ womia hmi^ m^fiet m Stit» 


FoL A, sjr, tolde I not you howe I djd fynde 
A knaue and a carle, and all of one kynde ? 
I sawe a wethercocke wagge with the wynde ; 
Grete meruayle I had, and mused in my raynde ; 
The houndes ranne before, and the hare behynde ; 
I sawe a losell lede a lurden, and they were bothe 

blynde ; 

I sawe a sowter go to supper or euer he had 


Magn, By Cockes harte, thou arte a fyne mery 

knaue. ism 

FoL I make God auowe, ye wyll none other 

men ^ haue. 
Mdgn, What sayst thou ? 
FoL Mary, I pray God your maystershyp to 
I shall gyue you a gaude of a goslynge that I 

The gander and the gose bothe grasynge on one 

graue ; 
Than Rowlande the reue ran, and I began to 

And with a brystell of a bore his berde dyd I 
Magn. If euer I herde syke another, God gyue 

me shame. 
FoL Sym Sadylgose was my syer, and Daw- 
cocke my dame : i« 

imenj Qy. "man?" 


I coude, and I lyst, garre you Isugfae at a game, 
Howe a wodcocke wra«tleJ wilh a larke lliat wu 

Tbe bytter sayil boldly that they were to blame i 
Tiie feldfare wolde haue t'ydled, and it wolde mil 

Tlie uraue and the curlen'e tkerat ga& lo grame; 
- Tbe snyte snyueled in the snowte and cmyled '1 

Magn. Cockes tionea, befde you euer su(lie 

another ? 
Fol, Se, syr, I besecLe you. Largesse wj 


Here Fanbt eomath in. 
Magn. What tydynges with you, syr, that p" 

loke 50 sad ? 

Fan. When ye knowe that I knowe, ye wjH 

not be glad. *• 

Fol. What, brother braynsyke, how farest ibco? 

Magn. Ye, let be thy iapes, and tell roekoK 

The case requyreth. 

Fait. Alaese, alasse, an heuy metynge 1 
I wolde tell you, and yf 1 myght for wepynge. 
Fol. What, is all your myrihe nuwe lourtii^ '" 

I are well tyll sone, adue tyil to rooi-owe. 

//ere golh Folt iff}' 

Magn. I pray ih6, Largesse, let be thy soli- 


Fan, Alasse, syr, ye are vndone with stelyng 
and robbynge ! 
Te sent vs a superuysour for to take hede : mw 
Take hede of your selfe, for no we ye haue nede. 
Magn, What, hath Sadnesse begyled me so? 
Fan* K^ay> madnesse hath begyled you and 
many mo ; 
For Lyberte is gone and also Felyeyte. 
Magn, Grone ? alasse, ye haue vndone me ! 
Fan. Nay, he that ye sent vs, Clokyd Colusyon, 
And your payntyd Pleasure, Courtly Abusyon, 
And your demenour with Counterfet Counten- 

And your suruayour,^ Crafty Conueyaunce, 
Or euer we were ware brought vs in aduersyte, 
And had robbyd you quyte from all felyeyte. isw 
Magn, Why, is this the largesse that I haue 

vsyd ? 
Fan, Nay, it was your fondnesse that ye haue 

Magn. And is this the credence that I gaue to 

the letter? 
Fan. Why, coulde not your wyt serue you no 

better ? 
Magn. Why, who wolde haue thought in you 
suche gyle ? 

A mrwiy(mr\ Ed. "superuysour: " compare v. 1414, p. 66: 
« 652, p. 31, &c. (X Col. has just been made " superuy 
soir: *' see y. 1808, p. 85. 

Fan. What? jes, by Ihe rode, sjr, it w 

That yoa irustyd, and Fansy is my Dame ; 
And Foly, my bixxlur, tbat made you moclie gamft 

Here eomelh in Adcbrstte. 
Mitgn. Alas, who is yonder, Ihat grymly lokys? 
Fail. Adewe, for I wyll uol come in Lis eiokys.' 
Magn. Lorde, so my flesshe trymblyih nowa 
for dredti ! uu 

litre Magntficence it ieten dowiu, 
and ipoylyd from all his goodp 
and rayment. 
Aduer. I am Aduersyle, thnt for thy my^dede 
From God am sent lo quyte tti^ thy roede. 
Vyle velyarde, ihoti must not nowe my dynt witt 

Thou must not abyde the dynt of my hai 
Ly there, losell, for all thy pompe and p 
Thy pleasure now with payne and trouble d 

The stroke of God, Aduersyte I byght ; 
I pluku downe kyuge, prynce, lorde, and knyghl, 
I rushe at ihem rughly, and make ihem ly full 

And in iheyr mosle Iruste I make them oue^ 

Tbys loayll v. 

y dyn t wilfr 

■, lyke 

1 lorde, and lyuyd at his lust, 
L lurden, he lyech in t 

> clukipl Here Fansy gota oi 


He kneifve not hymselfe, his harte was so hye; ' 
No we is there no man that wyll set by hym a flye : 
He was wonte to boste, brage, and to brace ; 
Nowe dare he not for shame loke one in the face : 
All worldly welth for hym to lytell was ; 
Nowe hath he ryght nought, naked as an asse : 
Somtyme without measure he trusted in golde, !•» 
And now without mesure he shal haue hunger 

and colde. 
Lo, syrs, thus I handell them all 
That folowe theyr fansyes in foly to fall : 
Man or woman, of what estate they be, 
I counsayle them beware of Aduersyte. 
Of sorowfuU seruauntes I haue many scores : 
I vysyte them somtyme with blaynes and with 

sores ; 
With botches and carbuckyls in care I them knyt ; 
With the gowte I make them to grone where 

they syt ; 
Some I make lyppers and lazars full horse ; iko 
And from that they loue best some I deuorse ; 
Some with the marmoU to halte I them make ; 
And some to cry out of the bone ake ; 
And some I vysyte with brennynge of fyre ; 
Of some I wrynge of the necke lyke a wyre ; 
And some I make in a rope to totter and waiter ; 
And some for to hange themselfe in an halter ; 
And some I vysyte to ^ batayle., warre, and mur- 


* *»] Qy. " with?" compare vv. 1927, 1934. [Bather change 
** Tysyte " to ynsyle^ incite. C.j 

And make eclie man to sle other; 
To (Irowne or to *lc tbemsdfe wiili a kn^fei >■■ 
And atl is for iheyr vngracyous lyte. 
'Yet somlyme I 3tr)-ke where is none offence, 
Bytauise I wolde proue men ol'theyr [lacyence. 
But, nowe a dayue, to eiryke I haue grete aut^ 
Lydderyns ao lylell aet by Goddes lawes. 
Fadera and modera, that be neclygent, \ 

And suffre llieyr diyldren lo baue theyr enlenl, 
To gyde them verluously that wyll not reiBembft, 
Them or tliejT chyldren ofie lymes I dyerovitibKi 
Theyr chyldren, bycause that they baue B" 

mekenesee ; 
I vysyte theyr fadera and moders with edi 
And yf I se iherby ihey wyll not amende,!^ 
Then myschefe sodaynly I them sende j 
For there is nolhynge that more dyapleaselh Go3 
Than from iheyr chyldren to spare ibe rod 
Of correccyon, Imt let thera haue iheyr wyll; 
Some 1 make lame, and some I do kyll ; 
And »ume I stryke with a franaey ; 
Of some of theyr chyldren I atryke out ibe eyei 
And wliere the tader by wysdom worthjpV 

I aende ot\ lymes a fole to his soniie. 
Wherfbre of Aduersyte loke ye be wart^ ' 
For when I come, eomyth aorowe and cttm'l 
For 1 gtryke Jordys of realmes and landyi^ • 
That rule not by mesure that they liaue in tfcq*'' 



ibe eye I 


rhat sadly rule not theyr howsholde men ; 

[ am Goddjs preposytour, I prynt them with a 

Because of theyr neglygence and of theyr wanton 

[ vysyte them and stryke them with many sore 

Fo take, syrs, example of that I you tell, wo 

^nd beware of aduersyte by my counsell, 
Fake hede of this caytyfe that lyeth here on 

grounde ; 
Beholde, howe Fortune of ^ hym hath frounde ! 
[•'or though we shewe you this in game and play, 
iTet it proueth eyrnest, ye may se, euery day. 
For nowe wyll I from this caytyfe go, 
\.nd take myscheflfe and vengeaunce of other mo, 
Chat hath deseruyd it as well as he. 
Howe, where art thou? come hether, Pouerte ; 
Fake this caytyfe to thy lore. i«o 

Jlere cometh in Pouerte.^ 

J^ouer. A, my bonys ake, my lymmys be sore ; 
Alasse, I haue the cyatyca full euyll in my hyppe ! 
Alasse, where is youth that was wont for to skyppe ? 
I am lowsy, and vnlykynge, and full of scurfiTe, 
My colour is tawny, colon ryd as a turffe : 
I am Pouerte, that all men doth hate, 
I am baytyd with doggys at euery mannys gate : 

^of\ Qy. "onV" 

3 Pouerte] And Aduersyte goes out. 


Full fewe but ihej haue enuy at me. 

No we must I this cnrcasse lyf't vp : 

lie dynyd witji delyle, widi Pouerle ben 

-, and V 

p. Pjr, 

ific accedat ad Icvandum MA-GNTFTCKSCH 
et locabit eum super locum ttratum. 
Magn. Alasse, where is nowe my goldeandfe! 
Alasse, I Bay, where lo am I brought? 
Alaese, alaaae, alasae, I dye lor thought I 

Pouer. Syr, all thia wolde haue bene thougW 
on before : 
He vroteth not wliat wellb is tbat neuer was son- 
Magn. Fy, fy, that euer I sholde be brought id 



I wenjd ones neuer lo haue knowen of care 

Pouer. Lo, suche >e thia worlde ! I lynd it 
In weiih lo beware, and thai is wyt. 

Magn. In wellli to beware, yf I had grace, 
Neuer bad I bene brought in t 

Pouer. Nowe, eyth il wyll no nolher b 
All that God sendeth, take it in gre ; 
For, thougbe you were soratyme a noble e 
Nowe must you lerne to beggeateueryniannes gate. 

Magn. Alasse, that euer I sbolde be so aliamed I 
Alasse, that euer I Magnyfycence was named ! 
Alaase, that euer I was so Itarde happed. *" 
In Diysery and wrelchydnesse thas to be lapped I 
Alasse, that I coude not myselfe □□ better g 


ble crHI^ 


'radell tbat I had n 

I dydel 


Pouer, Ye, syr, ye, leue all this rage, 
And pray to God your sorowes to asswage : 
It is foly to grudge agaynst his vysytacyon. 
With harte contryte make you supplycacyon 
Vnto your Maker, that made bothe you and me. 
And, whan it pleaseth God, better may be. 

Magn. Alasse, I wote not what I sholde pray I 
Pouer. Rem[e]mbre you better, syr, beware 

what ye say, sow 

For drede ye dysplease the hygh deyte. 
Put your wyll to his wyll, for surely it is he 
That may restore you agayne to felycyte^ * 
And brynge you agayne out of aduersyte. 
Therfore pouerte loke pacyently ye take. 
And remembre he suffered moche more for your 

Howe be it of all synne he was innocent, 
And ye haue deserued this punysshment 

Magn, Alasse, with colde my lymmes shall be 

marde I am 

Pouer, Ye, syr, nowe must ye leme to lye 

That was wonte to lye on fetherbeddes of 

downe ; 
Nowe must your fete lye hyer than your 

erowne : 
Where you were wonte to haue cawdels for your 

Nowe must you monche mamoekes and lumpes 

of brede; 


And V 


u Lad c 

d chaunges o 
Nowe lap you in a couerlet full fayue iliat ym 

And wbei'e that ye were poraped with whal tbM 

ye wolde, 
Howe must ye suffre bolhe hunger and coMe : 
Willi (iourlely sylkea ye were wtrnle lo be drawe; 
Nowe must ye lerue to lye on llie BLrawe ; *"! 
Your skj-nne that was wrapped in cherles of 

Nowe must ye be slormy beten'- witb shoHTes 

and raynes ; 
Your hede iliat was wonle to be happed u 

drowpy and drowsy, 
Now sbal ye be scabbed, acuruy, and lowqj 
Mitffn. Fye on ihia worlde, full of trecha 
That euer noblenesse shotde lyue thus wretcbyci 
Pouer. byv, remembre the touroe of FortuaH 

That wantonly can wynke, and wynche with lii^r 

Nowe she wyll lauglie, forthwith she wyll frownei 
Sodenly set vp, and aodenly pluckyd downe:- •^m 
She dawnsytb varyaunce wtih mulabylyle; -^l 
Nowe all in welth, Ibrthwiih in pouerte: ^H 
In her promyse there is no sykernesse ; ■ 

All her delyte ia set in di^ublenesae. 

Magn, Alaa, of Fortune I may well complajne' 

ped mvA 

1 liormj btttn] Perhaps " BlonD jbetBu." 


Pouer. Ye, syr, yesterday wyll not be callyd 

agayne : 
But yet, syr, nowe in this ease, 
Take it mekely, and thanke God of his grace ; 
For nowe go I wyll begge for you some m^^te ; «« 
It is foly agaynst God for to plete ; 
I wyll walke nowe with my beggers baggys, 
And happe you the whyles with these homly 


Discedendo dicat tsta verba* 
A, howe my lymmys be lyther and lame ! 
Better it is to begge than to be hangyd with 

shame ; 
Yet many had leuer hangyd to be, 
Then for to begge theyr mete for charyte : 
They thynke it no shame to robbe and stele, 
Yet were they better to begge a great dele ; 
For by robbynge they rynne to in manus tuas 

quecke, soro 

But beggynge is better medecyne for the necke ; 
Ye, mary, is it, ye, so mote I goo : 
A Lorde God, howe the gowte wryngeth me by 

the too ! 

Here Magnyftcence dolorously makeih his 


Magn, O feble fortune, O doulfull destyny! .,-,■ 
hateful! happe, O carefuU cruelte ! 
syghynge sorowe, O thoughtfuU mysere I 
rydlesse rewthe, O paynfuU pouerte I 

VOL. II. 7 

^^F m 


^^^H dolorous lierte, barde aduc-rsyle! ^^^ 

^^H Oodyo 

us dysiresse, dedly payne and woo ! "» 

^^H For wc 

irldly Bharae I was holhe wnniie and bloo. 

^^B Where 

is nowe my welUi and my noble estate? 

^H Where 

h nowe my ireasure, my landes, and my 


^^B Where 

is nowe all ray seruaunlys that I had here 

akte? ^H 

^^^1 Where 

is uowe my golde vpon them that I Bp^^H 

^^H Wbi:re 

ia nowe all my ryche abylement ? T^| 


is uowe my kynne, my frendys, and mj 

noble blood ? 

^^M Where 

is nowe all my pleasure and my worldly 



, my foly ! nlasse, my wanton wyll ! 

^^^H niAy 

no more speke, lyll I baue wept my fyll. 

[Here cometk in Ltbektb.] ^^^| 


With ye, mary, syrs, thus sholde it l)^^^| 

^H I kyst _^ 

her swule, and she kysi^yd me ; ^^^| 

^^^H I dannsed the darlynge on my kne; ^^| 

^^m I gardi 

i her gaspe, I garde her gle, ^H 

^^P With, 1 

jaunce ou the le, Ihe le ! ^B 

^^^1 ^ ] bassed Ihat baby with barle so free; 

^H She 

the bote of all my bale: 


ihat syghe was farre fet I 

^H lou 

e Ihat louesome I wyll not let i 

^H Myhn 

riG is holly on her set: 

^^^1 X pluuked her by ihe patlet ; *" 

^^H At my 

deuyse I with her met; 


My fansy fayrly on her I set ; 

So merely syngeth the nyghtyngale ! 

In lust and lykynge my name is Lyberte : 

I am desyred with hyghest and lowest degre ; 

I lyue as me lyst, I lepe out at large ; 

Of erthely thynge I haue no care nor charge ; 

I am presydent of pry noes, I prycke them with 

pryde : ^ 
What is he lyuynge that lyberte wolde lacke ? 
A thousande pounde with lyberte may holde no 

tacke ; 21 w 

At lyberte a man may be bolde for to brake ; 

Welthe without lyberte gothe all to wrake. 

But yet, syrs, hardely one thynge lerne of me : 

I vvarne you beware of to moche lyberte, 

For totum in toto is not worth an ha we ; 

ft ' 

To hardy, or to moche, to free of the dawe ; 

To sober, to sad, to subtell, to wyse ; 

To mery, to mad, to gyglynge, to nyse ; 

To full of fansy es, to lordly, to prowde ; 

To homly, to holy, to lewde, and to lowde ; aiae 

To flatterynge, to smatterynge, to to out of harre, 

To claterynge, to chaterynge, to shorte, and to 

farre ; 
To iettynge, to iaggynge, and to full of iapes ; 
To mockynge, to mowynge, to lyke a iackenapes: 
Thus totum in toto groweth vp, as ye may se, 
By meanes of madnesse, and to moche lyberte ; 

"^ pryde] Qy. a line wanting to rhyme with thia? 


X F„ 

Magn. A. woo worlhe the, Lyber 

eaysl: full t: 


That I vifU th4 to moche, sore may I r 
Lyb. Wliiii, a very vengeaunee, I ;ay, who is 

What bi-oihuli, I say, is yonder bounde in a mat? 
Mufftt. I am Magnytyceoce, that somtyme thy 

Ij/b, What, ia the worlde thus come 
Cockes armes, s) r-, wyll ye not se 
Howe he is vodone by the meanes of n 
For yf Measure had ruled Lyberte aa he began, 
Thia lurden Iliat hete lyeth had ben a noble man. 
But fie abused so his frre lyberte, 

e he hath lostc all his felycyte, "" 

Not ihoione largesse ot lyberall esp 
But by the way of lan-y insolence ; 
For lyberalyie ib most conuenyent 
A prynce lo vse wiib all his hole inlen^ 
Largely rewardyngc them that haue desem 
And so shall a noble man nobly be seruyd: 
But Dowe adayeaua hukstei'S ihey huckeandl^ 

And pyncbe at ihepayment of a poddynge prjt 
A laudable iai'gesse, I tell jiiu, for a lorde. 
To pi'ttle for the patchynge of a pot sharde ! 
Spare for the apence of a noble, that his Lddou 
myght fi. 

yd: i^m 


And spende c. i. for the pleasure of a knaue ! 
But so longe they rekjn with theyr reasons amy sse, 
That they lose theyr lyberte and all that there is. 
Magn, Alasse, that euer I oecupyed suche 

abusyon I 
Lyh. Ye, for nowe it hath brought th^ to con- 

fusyon : 
For, where I am oecupyed and vsyd wylfully, 
It can not con ty new longe prosperyously ; 
As euydently in retchlesse youth ye may se, a«» 
Howe many come tomyschefefor tomoche lyberte; 
.And some in the worlde theyr brayne is so ydyll, 
That they set theyr chyldren to rynne on the 

In youth to be wanton and let them haue theyr 

And they neuer thryue in theyr age, it shall not 

gretly skyll : 
Some fall to foly them selfe for to spyll, 
And some fall ^ prechynge at the Toure Hyll ; 
Some hath so moche lyberte of one thynge and 

That nother they set by father and mother ; 
Some haue so moche lyberte that they fere no 

Tyll, as ye se many tymes, they shame all theyr 

kynne. 2170 

I am so lusty to loke on, so freshe, and so fre, 

^faU\ Qy. "faUto? 


That I 


v.'j*ll leue ihejT Lolynes, t 

I ryo 

Freers with foly I make them so fajne, 
They cast vp tbeyr obedience Ui uache am agayne, 
At Ijberle to wander uaii walkn ouer all, 
Thai lustely they lepe somtyme iheyr cloyali-r 
wall. J 

Hie aliquis buccat in eomu a Ml|fl 
post populam. ^H 

Tondiir is a hoison I'or me doth recbate : ^^ 

Adewti, ayrs, for I ihynke leyst that I cotne lo late.' 
Maffn. gwd Lorde, howe long shall I indur« 
This mysery, tliis carafuU wrechydnease ? 
Of worldly welthe, alas^e, who can be aartt ? 
In Fortunya fretidihyppe there is 

She hath dyssuyuyd me with her doublene: 
For to be wyse all men may It-rne of me. 
In welthe to beware of herde aduersyte. 

Here cometh in Chaftt CosuEYAtjircK, [« 
Cloked Coluston, with a lititi/ lavyhter.^ 
Or. Con. Ha, ha, ha ! for laughter I am lyie 

10 bra£t. 
CL Col. Ha, ha, ha I for sporle I am lyke to 

spcwe and cast. 
Cr. Con. What hast thou gotied in fay the I 

thy share? 

] HareZ^erl 


CI. Col. In fayihe, of his cofers the bottoma are 

Gr, Con. As for his plate of eyluer, and snche 

Irasshe, •!" 

waraunt you, I haue gyuen it a lasshe. 
CI. Col. What, then he may dryuke out of a 

Or. Con, With, ye, ayr, by Jesu that slayne 

was with Jewes! 
!Je may rynse a pyclier, for bis plate is to wed. 
CL CoL la faythe, and he may dreme on a 

daggeswane for ony fellier bed, 
Cr. Con. By my troolhe, we baue ryfled hym 

metely well. 
CI. CoL Ye, hut thanke me tberof euery dele. 
Cr. Con. Tbanke the therot^ in the deuyls date ! 
CL CoL Leue thy pratynge, or els I shall lay 

th^ on I be pate. 
Cr. Con. Nay, to wrangle, I warant th^, it is 

but a slone caste. aan 

CL Col. By ibe niesse, I shall cleue thy heed to 

the waste. 
Cr. Con. Ye, wylie thou clenly cleue me in the 

clyfte with iby nose? 
CI. CoL I shall thrust in ibe my dagger — 
Cr. Con. Thorowe the legge in to the hose. 
CL Col. Nay, borson, bei'e is my gloue ; take 

it Tp, and thou dare. 
Cr. Con. Toi'de, ibou arte good (o be a mnn 



^^H 104 



CoL I filmll ekeipe tlie 
seest tliou that ? 

on the 



Omi. What, wylte tbou 

skelpe me? (hou 

dare not loke on a gniit. 



CoL By Cockts bones, I 
HncI thou be to bolde. 




Con. Nay, ilien Ihou 


dynge I^" 

duuyll, and thou be not 



^^H CL Col. Bui wottest thou, horsoni 

' 1 rede lh<i 

lo be wyse. 


Con. Nowe I rede thi 
warned th^ twyae. 

1 be HI 

ire, I baue 


Col. Why, wenest Ihou 

that I forbere t\%^ 

for thyne owoe sake? 



Con. Peas, or I shall wrynge 

thy be'<H 



^^m CL Col. Holde iLy hande, de 

iwe, of 

Ihy da^r, 

and etynl of iliy dyn. 

^H Orii 

!hul fawthyn ihy flesshe, i 
tlie skyn. 

and ec 

rape th6 oo 


Con. Ye, wylte thou, ha[n]gn 

,.n! I^m 

thou Ciiuell ! 


^^ Ci Co/. Nay, ihou rode thui 

5ner, rayne heieo 

iuuell ! 

L o. 

Cow-'Whal, Ihou Colyn 

cowai'de, knowen 

and tryde I 

^^H CL CoL Kay, ihou false harted dasiiirde, ibou 

dare not abyde I 



Con. And yf there were 
but rhoii and 1, 


o dy.ple«jj 


Thou sholde not scape, horson, but thou sholde 

Gl. CoL Nay, iche shall wrynge th^ horson. 

on the wryst. 
Cr. Con. Mary, I defye thy best and thy worsti 

\Here comethin Counterfet Countenaunce.^] 

G. Count, What, a very vengeaunce, nede all 

these wordys? 
Go together by the heddys, and gyue me your 

s wordys. 
GL CoL So he is the worste brawler that euer 

was borne. 
Gr. Con, In fayth, so to suffer th^, it is but a 

G Count Now let vs be all one, and let vs 

lyue in rest. 
For we be, syrs, but a fewe of the best. 2230 

Gl, CoL By the masse, man, thou shall fynde 

me resonable. 
Cr. Con. In faythe, and I wyll be to reason 

G Count, Then truste I to God and the holy 

Here shalbe not great sheddynge of blode. 
GL CoL By our lakyn, syr, not by my wyll. 
Gr. Con. By the fayth that I owe to God, and 

I wyll syt styll. 

1 Here comeih, ^c] Ed., besides omitting this stage-direc- 
tion, leaves the two following linos unappropriated. 


01 Count, Well sayd : but, in fayth, what was : 

your quarell ? 
CL OoL Mary, syr, this gentylman called me 

Cr. Con. Nay, by Saynt Mary, it was ye called 

me knaue. 
CL CoL Mary, so vngoodly langage you me 

gaue. ^ 

C, Count. A, shall we haue more of this maters 


Me thynke ye are not gretly acomberyd with wyt. 
Cr. Con. Goddys fote, I warant you, I am a 
gentylman borne, 
And thus to be facyd I thynke it great skorne. 
C. Count. I can not well tell of your dysposy- 
cyons ; 
And ye be a gentylman, ye haue knauys condj- 
CL CoL By God, I tell you, I wyll not be out 

Cr. Con, By the masse, I warant th^, I wvll 

not be bnicyd. 
C Count. Tushe, tushe, it is a great defaute: 
The one of you is to proude, the other is to haute. 
Tell me brefly where vpon ye began. 2«' 

CL CoL Mary, syr, he sayd that he was the 
pratyer man 
Then I was, in opynynge of lockys ; 
And, I tell you, 1 dysdayne moche of his mockys. 
Cr. Con. Thou sawe neuer yet but 1 dyd my 


The locke of a caskyt to make to startcj. 

C Count, Naj, I know well inough ye are 

bothe well handjd 
To grope a gardeuyaunce, though it be well 

CL CoL I am the better yet in a bowget. 
Cr. Con, And I the better in a male. vm 

C, Count. Tushe, these maters that ye moue 

are but soppys in ale: 
Your trymynge and tramynge by me must be 

For, had I not bene, ye bothe had bene hangyd, 
When we with Magnyfycence goodys made cheuy- 

Magn. And therfore our Lorde sende you a 

very wengaunce ! 
01 Count, What begger art thou that thus doth 

banne and wary ? 
Magn, Ye be the theuys, I say, away my 

goodys dyd cary. 
CL Col, Coekys bonys, thou begger, what is 

thy name ? 
Magn. Magnyfycence I was, whom ye haue 

brought to shame. 
C, Count, Ye, but trowe you, syrs, that this is 

he ? swo 

Cr, Con, Go we nere, and let vs se. 
CI, CoL By Coekys bonys, it is the same. 
Magn. Alasse, alasse, syrs, ye are to blame ! 
t was your mayster, though ye thynke it skorne. 


And nowe on me ye gaure and sporne. 
G, Count, Ly styll, ly styll nowe, with yl 

hayle I 
Or. Con, Ye, for thy langage can not ty ana] 
CL Col, Abyde, syr, abyde, I shall make h; 

to pysse.^ 
Magn. Nowe gyue me somwhat, for God sab 

I craue ! 
Cr, Con. In fay the, I gyue the four quartea 

of a knaue. 
C, Count, In faythe, and I bequethe hym the 

tothe ake. 
CI, Col, And I bequethe hym the bone ake. 
Cr, Con, And I bequethe hym the gowte awl 

the gyn. 
CI. CoL And I bequethe hym sorowe for his 

C, Count, And I gyue hym Crystys curse, 
With neuer a peny in his purse. 

Cr. Con, And I gyue hym the cowghe, the 

murre, and the pose. 
CL CoL Ye, for requiem cetemam groweth forlli 

of his nose : 
But nowe let vs make mery and good chere. 
C, Count, And to the tauerne let vs drawe 

nere. ** 

Cr, Con, And from thens to the halfe strete, 
To get vs there some freshe mete. 

i/>y«e| Qy. a line wanting to rhyme vith this? 


Kfl. Col, Why, is there any store of rawe 

motton ? 
(7. Count, Ye, in faythe, or ellys thou arte to 

great a glotton. 
Or, Con, But they say it is a queysy mete ; 
wyll sti-yke a man myscheuously in a bete. 
CI, Col, In fay, man, some rybbys of the mot 

ton be so ranke, 
hat they wyll fyre one vngracyously in the 
C7. Count, Ye, and when ye come out of the 

e shall be clappyd with a coloppe, saw 

hat wyll make you to halt and to hoppe. 
Cr. Con, Som be wrestyd there that they 

thynke on it froty dayes, 
or there be horys there at all assayes. 
CI, Col, For the passyon of God let vs go 
thyther ! * 

Et cum festinatione discedant a loco, 
Magn. Alas, myne owne seruauntys to shew me 

such reproche, 
bus to rebuke me, and haue me in dyspyght! 
3 shamfully to me theyr mayster to aproche, 
hat somtyme was a noble pry nee of myght ! 
lasse, to lyue longer I haue no delyght ! 
or to lyue in mysery it is herder than dethe : »io 

1 ih%fti.tT\ Qy. a line wanting to rhyme with this? 


1 ivery of ihe worlde, for vnliyndnense me 


Hie intrnt Dtspare. 
Dys. Dyspare is my name, that aduersylGdolb 

1 n Ijme of dysl resse I am redy at hande ; 
I inftke tieuj herljs with eyen full liolovre i 
Of fftntent cliaryie I qutnche oul Ibe bronde; 
Faythe and gooilliope I muke asyAe to stoniic; 
In Goddjs mercy I tell them is but foly lo inisie i 
All grace and pyte I lay in ihe du^ie. 
What lyest ihou there lyngrynge, lewdly ad 

a latfi tiowe Iby synnys to repi-nt ; " . 

si bene so waywai'de, so wranglyrg, »pJ 
a wTOlbsorae, 
o fer thnu arie bchynde of thy rent, 
jngmeyoaaly Ihy dayes thou hast spent, 
Thiit thou arte not worthy to ]ok<! God in the fiM. 
Moffn. Nay, nay, man, I loke neiier lo lixK 
parte of liis grace ; 
F'lr I baue so vngracyously my l_>-fe mysu^yd, 
'I'lioiigh I aske mercy, I raast nedys be ruhfji- 
Dys. No, no, for tliy synnys be so njxxAyt^ 
So innumerable and so full of dyspyie. 
And agayne thy Maker thou hast made 

Thou h 

And 81 
And s> 

That ihou ci 

It hnuc 

mercy inhygiyghl. 


Magn. Alasse, my wyckydnesse, that may 1 
wyte I 
But nowe I se well there is no better rede, 
But sygh and sorowe, and wysshe my selfe 
Dys. Ye, ryd thy selfe, rather than this lyfe fur 
to lede ; 
The worlde waxyth wery of the, thou lyuest to 

Htc intrat Myschefe. 

Mys, And I, Myschefe, am comyn at nede, 
Out of thy lyfe the for to lede : 
And loke that it be not longe 
Or that thy selfe thou go honge mm 

With this halter good and stronge ; 
Or ellys with this knyfe cut out a tonge 
Of thy throte bole, and ryd the out of payne : 
Thou arte not the fyrst hymselfe hath slayne. 
Lo, here is thy knyfe and a halter ! and, or we go 

Spare not thy selfe, but boldly the murder. 
J^ys, Ye, haue done at ones without delay. 
Magn. Shall I myself hange with an halter ? 
Nay, rather wyll I chose to ryd me of this 

In styckynge my selfe with this fay re knyfe. mm 
Here Magnyfycence wolde she hyniselfe 
vnth a knyfe. 

Myi^ Aliiruin, alarum ! to longe we ahyie^ 
Dyi. Our, Imrowe, hyW burneih ! wlierc sliull! 
me hyde? 

Hie inlrat Goodjiofe, fui/ientiiius OvapxYEE* 
MTSCnKFK: repents Goodhope sum'piai iH* 
ffladium, el tltcat. 

Good. Alma, dere Gooe, sore combred is tby 
Tliyselfe lliol thou woIUe sloo agaynsl nalure atid 
kynde I 
ifoffn. A, blessj-d may ye be, syri what sLi.ll 

I you call ? 
Good. Goodliope, syr, my name is ; remedy 
AgaynsI all saiitea of your goostly foo; 
Wlio knowelh me, liymstlfe may neuer slno. 

Magn, Alas, eyr, so I am lapped in aduertytB, 
That dy» pay re well nyglie liad myscheued mel"" 
For, bad ye not ihe soner ben my refuge. 
Of dompnaojoD I had ben di-awen in ibe luge. 
Good, Vndoubled ye bud lost yourselfe eto 
There is no man may synne more morlally 
Than of wanbope thrughe the ynltappy wnye^ 
Ky myseliefe to breuyate and shorten his dnyes: 
Bui, my good eonne, lerne from dyspujre lo 

. J/j«.] Ell. "Jfapi." 


Wynde you from wanhope, and aquaynte you 

with me. 
A grete mysaduenture, thy Maker to dysplease, 
Thyselfe myscheuynge to thyne endlesse dysease ! 
There w^s neuer so harde a storme of mysery, asn 
But tbrnghe goodhope there may come remedy. 
Magn. Your wordes be more sweter than ony 

precyous narde, 
They molefy so easely my harte that was so 

harde ; 
There is no bawme, ne gumme of Arabe, 
More delectable than your langage to me. 

Good. Syr, your fesycyan is the grace of God, 
That you hath punysshed with his sliar])e rod. 
Goodhope, your potecary aspygned am I: 
That Goddes grace hath vexed you sharply, asso 
And i)ayned you with a purgacyon of odyous 

Myxed with bytter alowes of hcrde a<luersyte ; 
Nowe must I make you a lectuary softe, 
I to mynyster it, you to receyue it ofte, 
With rubarbe of repentaunce in you for to rest ; 
With drammes of deuocyon your dyet must be 

drest ; 
With gommes goostly of glad herte and mynde, 
Fo thanke God of his sonde, and comforte ye shal 

Put fro you presumpcyon and admyt humylyte, 
And hartely thanke God of your aduersyte ; saw 
And loue that Lorde that for your loue was dede, 

VOL. II. 8 

■t ♦ r-v • r 

• ■■ ; 

5 r 




■ «■• - - 

^" ^ 

:: ihc 


I - 


T'-i • 


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• • 

* * 

■• * ■ " 1 • 


, — 


•^ "■ 

■ :»• 

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V : 




•- "'. 

■ • ^»* 


■ l- 

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. • 

• ■ ■ * 

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-.- V ■": 


' '-" 

. -nap 


Hie intrat Bedbesse. 

Red. Cr)8t be amonge you and the Holy 

Goste ! 
Good. He be your conducte, the Lorde of 

myghtys moste I 
Red. Syr, is your pacyent any thynge a- 

Good. Ye, syr, he is sory for that he hath 

Red. How fele you your selfe, my frend ? how 

is your mynde? 
Magn. A wrecbyd man, syr, to my Maker 

Red. Ye, but haue ye repentyd you with harte 

contryte ? 
Magn. Syr, the repentaunce I haue, no man 

can wryte. 2**-w 

Red. And haue ye banyshed from you all 

dyspare ? 
Magn. Ye, holly to goodhope I haue made my 

Good. Questyonlesse he doth me assure 
In goodhope alway for to indure. 

Red. Than stande vp, syr, in Goddys name ! 
And I truste to ratyfye and amende your fame. 
Goodhope, I pray you with harty affeccyon 
To sende ouer to me Sad Cyrcumspeccyon. 
Good. Syr, your requeste shall not be delayed. 

Et exeat. 


Red. Yet let vs se ibis 

Iter ihorowly io- 


Magn. Sjr, this letter ye 


tg me, at PounleJ 

was enclosed. 

Sad Cyr. Wbo brought 


that letter, wots 

ye what he hyght? 

Magn. Largesse, ayr, by 


credence was hj» 

Sad Cyr. This letttr ye apeke of, neuer dyd 1 

Med. To gyue so hasty credence je were mocte 

to blame. 
Magn. Truth it is, syr; for after he wrought 
me moch shame, 
And eaused me also to vse to moche lyberle. 
And made also mesure to be put fro me. 

Ktd. Then wellhe with you mygbi in no wyse 

Sad Ci/r. A ha I fansy and foly met with yon. 

£»d. It wolde be founde so, yf it wei 
^. Surely my wolthe with them wa:; 

. Btimvmbre you, Uieifore, bowe kit' 
e low. Mi 

^ibewure oj'vnhnppy abu^yon. 

n you from counttrfayiyugc 

9 1 am to amende. 


For to vnderstande your pleasure and also your 


Red, Syr, to accompte you the contynewe of 

my consayte, 

Is from aduersyte Magnyfycence to vnbynde. a«o 

Sad Cyr, How fortuned you, Magnyfycence, 

so far to fal behynde ? 
Magn, Syr, the longe absence of you, Sad Cyr- 
Caused me of aduersyte to fall in subieccyon. 
Red. All that he sayth, of trouthe doth pro- 
cede ; 
For where sad cyrcumspeccyon is longe out of 

the way, 
Of aduersyte it is to stande in drede. 

Sad Cyr, Without fayle, syr, that is no nay ; 
Cyrcumspeccyon inhateth all rennynge astray. 
But, syr, by me to rule fyrst ye began. 2459 

Magn, My wylfulnesse, syr, excuse I ne can. 
Sad Cyr, Then ye repent you of foly in tymes 

Mojgn, Sothely, to repent me I haue grete 
cause : 
Howe be it from you I receyued a letter,* 
Whiche conteyned in it a specyall clause 
That I sholde vse largesse. 

Sad Cyr, Nay, syr, there a pause. 

1 a fetter] Qy. some corruption ? This lino ought to rhyme 
with the preceding line but one. 

Rill vsuniunce with good peradnertaonoft 
hr. Tf J-ou be so myndyd, we be ryghl gIsA 
ittd. And je $liall liaue more wonhyp ibb 

jOQ there is moclix 

nee, and wyt ; 

id wyi esecUjih pil! 

IT coTAge lo knyl: 
here in to cxpresse, 
It ID ay St tr R«dreise. 

JK^. WeU, I perceyue i 
Grauyte of Mtunsdl, prouydt 
Ymii* comforiuble adtiyse ai 

Bui Fivndly I wyll refrayne 

Wlierelo were most metely i 
Vour myiidys I beseche you 
Commensynge this pr*wesse 

Std. Sjth Tnto me formest ibis processe U 
Herein I wyll aforse me lo shewe you my myndr. 
KyrsI, from yom- maguylycence syn must \n 

III ill! your warkys more grace shall ye fyndu : »" 
Be geniyll tben of rorage, and leme lo lie kyude, 
J For of noblenesse the cliefe poynl is In be lybemll, 
So tbat your largea^e be not lo prodygalL 
Sitd Cyr. Ljbt-ne lo a lorde belungylli of 

jt wylful] wuywardnesse muste walke otit of ibt 

And I 

way ; 
of your luslys mi 
: all I be ny garde 

<t haue tbe ouersygh'i 
lor tbe chyncburdti U 


Let neuer negarsliyp your noblenesse affray; 
In your rewardys vse suche moderacyon «is 

That nothynge be gyuen without consyderacyon. 
Per, To the increse of your honour then arme 
you with ryght, 
And fumously adresse you with magnanymyte; 
And euer let the drede of God be in your syght; 
And knowe your selfe mortall, for all your dyg- 

nyte ; 
Set not all your affyaunce in Fortune full of gyle; 
Remember this lyfe lastyth but a whyle. 

Magn. Redresse, in my remembraunce your 
lesson shall rest, 
And Sad Cyrcumspeecyon I marke in my mynde ; 
But, Perseueraunce, me semyth your probleme 

was best; 
I shall it neuer forget nor leue it behynde, asao 
But hooly to perseueraunce my selfe I wyll bynde. 
Of that I haue mysdone to make a redresse, 
And with sad cyrcumspeecyon correcte my van- 
ton nesse. 
Red, Vnto this processe brefly compylyd, 
Comprehendyng the worlde casuall and transy tory, 
Who lyst to consyder shall neuer be begylyd, 
Yf it be regystryd well in memory ; 
A playne example of worldly vaynglory, 
Howe in this worlde there is no seke[r] nesse, ssw 
But fallyble flatery enmyxyd with bytternesse ; 
Nowe well, nowe wo, nowe hy, nowe lawe degre, 
Nowe ryche, nowe pore, nowe hole, nowe in 


Magiu I am content, my frendys, that it so 
Red. And je that haue harde this dyspo 
and game, 
Jhesus preserue you frorae endlesse wo a 
shame I 






consurget mecum adversiis maltgnantes? 
s stohit mecum adversus operantes tniqui- 
JVemo, Domine! 

What can it auayle 
To dryue forth a snayle, 
Or to make a sayle 
Of an herynges tayle ; 
To ryme or to rayle, 
To wryte or to indyte, 
Eyther for delyte 
Or elles for despyte , 
Or bokes to compyle 
Of dyuers maner style, 
Vyce to reuyle 
And synne to exyle ; 
To teche or to preche, 
As reason wyll reche ? 

fom the ed. by Kele, n. d., collated with the ed. by 
Q, n. d., with Marsha's ed. of Skelton's Worket^ 1568, 
ith a MS. in the Harlelan Collection, 2252. fol. 147. 

*:- iii -*- 

T ~ n;: * nj*r7e 5J:. 

? - ■ .. s -.1 r—: : 

-' ■ ■ ... I'f I "T 

Z - ■ : :r :t: >re£e : 
r:;f ~ vt..~ ic ^"i. 

• _ , 



With vnslablenesse. 

And if ye stande in double 

Who brought this ryme aboute, 

My name is Colyn Cloute. 

I purpose to shake oute m 

All my connyng bagge, 

Lyke a clerkely hagge ; 

For though my ryme be ragged, 

Tattered and iagged, 

Kudely rayne beaten, 

Rusty and moughte eaten, 

If ye take well therwith, ^, , ,vj^ ? 

It hath in it some pyth, ^ 

For, as f'arre as I Ciin se, 

It is wronge with eche degre: » 

^ For the temporalte 

Accuseth the spiritualte ; 

The spirituall agayne 

Dothe grudge and complayne 

Vpon the tem^iorall men : 

Thus eche of other blother 

The tone agayng the tother : 

Alas, they make me shoder ! 

For in hoder moder 
> The Churche is put in faute ; »• 

The prelates ben so haut. 

They say, and loke so hy, 

As though they wolde fly 

Aboue the sterry skye. 



Laj'e men say inilfde 
IIiiw tliey lake no hede 
Tlieyr sely sliepe lo feiie, 
liul plucke awHy and pull 
Tlie Heces of llieyr wul!, 
Viipthes iticy leue a lotke 
Of «q!1 amonges [hafr flueke ; 
And as for ilieyr connyn^ 
A glomraynge and a mutrmynge, 
And miike iherof a iape; 
Tlicy gaspe and Ihey giipe 
Ail to liaue pi'otnouyon. 
There is iheyr liole deuocyon, 
'Wiib money, if it wyll liap, 
To catuhe llm forked cop : 
Foi'sotlie they are to lewd 
To say so, all bushrewd ! 

Whai trow ye they say more I 
Of the bjasUoppua lore ? 
How in matlerj tiiey be rawe 
a^. lumber forth tlie Inwe, 
T^iirken Jacke and Gyll, 
whan they put yp a byll, 
And iudge it aa ihey ivyll. 
For other mennes skyll, 
Kxpoutidyng out theyr clatisea, J 
And kue theyr owne causes: 
In theyr prouyneiall cure 
They make but lytell sure, 
And meddels very lyght 
In the CburchsB ryght ; 


ire and venire^ 
I sol fa so alamyre, 

at the premenyre 

lyke to be set a fyre 
ii thejr iurisdictions im 

Through temporall afflictions : 
Men say they haue prescriptions / 
Agaynst spirit uall contradictions^ 
Accomptynge^ them as fyctions. 

And whyles the heedes do this, 
The remenaunt is amys^ 
Of the clergy aUj 
Bothe great and small. 
I wot neuer how they warke. 
But thus the people barke ;*^ w 

And surely thus they say, 
Bysshoppes, if they may, 
Small houses wolde kepe, 
But slumbre forth and slepa. 
And assay to crepe 
Within the noble walles 
Of the kynges halles, 
To fat theyr bodyes full, 
Theyr soules lene and dull, 
And haue full lytell care lai 

■How euyll theyr shepe fare. ^ 

The temporalyte say playne, 
Howe bysshoppes dysdayne 
§firmon s for to make, 
] SoMS. Eds. "carke.»' Qy. "carpe?" Compani 

»L. n. 9 


Or suche laboure to take ; 
And for to say trouth, 
A great parte is for slouth, 
But the greattest parte 
Is for thej baue but small arte 
And rjght sklender connjng 
Within theyr heedes wonnyng. 
But this reason they take 
How they are able to make 
With theyr golde and treasure 
Clerkes out of measure, 
And yet that is a pleasure. 
Howe be it some there be, 
Almost two or thre, 
Of that dygnyte, 
Full worshypfull clerkes, 
As appereth by theyr werkes, 
Lyke Aaron and Ure, 
The wolfe from the dore 
To werryn and to kepe 
From theyr goostly shepe, 
And theyr spirituall lammes 
Sequestred from rammes 
And from the herded gotes 
With th€yr heery cotes ; 
Set nought by golde ne grotes, 
Theyr names if I durst tell. 
But they are loth to mell, 
And loth to hang the bell 
Aboute the cattes necke, 
For drede to haue a checke ; 



They ar faj'ne to play 4au ^deg ke, 

They ar made for the becke. 

How^be it they are good men, 

) Mocne herted lyke an hen': 

Tl^eyr lessons forgotten they haue 'W 

T^at Becket them gaue : 

Tl^RHMi^anum mittit ad fortia, 

Spemit damnaf spemit opprobrta, 

Nulla Thomam frangit injuria. 

But nowe euery spiritual! father, 

Men say, they had rather 

Spende moche of theyr sl^re 

Than to be combred with care : 

Spende I nay, nay, but spare : 

For let se who that dare « 

Sho the mockysshe mare ; 

They make her wynche and keke, 

But it is not worth a leke: 

Boldnesse ia^to seke 

The Churcne for to defend. 

Take me as I intende. 

For lothe I am to offende 

In this that I haue pende : 

I tell you as men say; 

Amende whan ye may, m 

For, usque ad montem Sare,^ 

Meif say ye can not appare ; 

For some say ye hunte in parkes. 

And hauke on hobby larkes, 

And other wanton warken, 
e] Other ed3." fare.*' MS. ** 8ciij|yf (Perhaps Skel 
:e " Seir" — and in the next Im^^ippeire.'' 


Ibe nysrht linrkec 

Wbikt Ijiklb lay n 
The gray go.-ie lor lo sho? 
Lyke liuuiides ol' liell, 
They crye and they yell, 

' Howe that ye sell 

iThe grace of the Holy, Gosl ; 
Thus ihey make theyr bosC 
Through owte euery cost, 
Howe eome of you do Bate 
la Lenlon season fleshe mete, 
FesautiteE, partryehe, and cranes; 
Men call yon tlierfor prophanes; 
Te pycke no ehrympes nor prunes, 
Saltfysshe, slocfysshe, nor heryng, 
It is iml for your weiynge; 
Kor in holy Leofon seuson 
Te wyll nelheyr benea ne peaaon, 
But ye loke lo be let lose 
To a pygge or to a goae, 
Tour gorge not eodewed 
'Without a capon stewed, 
Or a stewed cocke. 
To knowo whale ys a clocke 
Tnder her surfled smocke, 
And her wanton wodicocke. 

And howe whan ye gyue orders 
In your prouinciall borders, 
As at Sitienlet, 
Some are insufficienles, 
Some paru/n sapienta. 


Some nihil intelligentes, 
Some valde negligentes, 
Some nullum sensum habentes, 
But bestial! and Tntaaght ; 
But whan the! haue ones caught 
Dominus vobiscum by the hede, 
Than renne they in euery Btede, 
God wot, with dronken nolles ; 
Yet take they cure of soules, 
And woteth neuer what thei rede, 
Paternoster, Ave, nor Crede ; 
Construe not worth a whystle 
Nether Gospell nor Pystle ; 
Theyr mattyns madly sayde, 
Nothynge deuoutly prayde ; 
Theyr lernynge is so small, ^ 
Theyr prymes and houres fall 
And lepe out of theyr lyppes 
Lyke sawdust or drye chyppes. 
I speke not nowe of all, 
But the moost parte in generall. 1 
Of suche vagabundus 
Speketh totus mundus ; 
Howe some synge Lcetahundus 
At euery ale stake. 
With, welcome hake and make I 
By the brede that God brake, 
I am sory for your sake. 
I speke not of the good wyfe, 
But of theyr apostles lyfe ; 

Cum ipsia vel illi» 

Qui itiaiierti in viUit 

Ett uxor vel ancilla, 

Welcome Jacke and Gjlla ! 

My prety PetroDylla, 

And you wylt be stylln, 

Tou Rliall tiaue your wylla. 

Of Buche Paternoster pekes 

All I lie wo ride spekttB. 

In you the fauie is supposed, 

For tliat they are not apposed 

By iust exuminacjon 

In coQtiyng and conuersacyon j 
^ Tbey haue none iiiMii'uctyoa 

To malve a true consli'uctyon ; 
f-A preest without a leller, 

Wilboat hia verfue be gretter, 

Doullesae w'ere moche better 

Vpon hym for to take 

A mallouke or a rake. 

Alas, for very sliumo I 

Some can not declyne their nam* 

Some can not scai^ly rede, I' 

And yet be nyll not drede 

For to kepe a cure, 

And in noihyng Ia sure; 

This Dominus vobucum. 

As wy^e as Tora a tbrum, 

A cbajilayne of trust 

Laytb all in tbe dust. 


Thus I, Colyn Cloute, 
As I go aboute, 
And wandrjnge as I walke, 
I here the people talke. *o 

Men say, for syluer and golde 
Myters are bought and solde ; 
There shall no clergy appose 
A myter nor a crose, 
But a full purse : 
A strawe for Goddes curse ! 
What are they the worse ? 
For a symonyake 
Is but a hermoniake ; 
And no more ye make •* 

Of symony, men say. 
But a chyldes play. 

Ouer this, the foresayd laye 
Beporte howe the Pope may 
An holy anker call 
Out of the stony wall. 
And hym a bysshopp make, 
If he on hym dare take 
To kepe so harde a rule. 
To ryde vpon a mule tit 

With golde all betrapped. 
In purple and paule belapped ; 
Some hatted and some capped, 
Bychely and warme bewrapped, 
Grod wot to theyr great paynes, j 

In rotchettes of fyne Eaynes, 


Tk^lc ta morowes mrlkv ; 
XWjr laberUs of fyse nlkie, 
TWjr styrops of my W gold besved i 
Titere ma; tn> wet be epand : ■ 

T>eyr moyles golde doibe emie, 
Tbtjr nejghboore dye for Meate. 

What care they tboi^ Gil sweaie^ 
Or Jacks of (he Noke ? 
The pore people they yoko 
With SDQimons and dtacyooa 
Aad excommunycocyoiw. 
About churches and market: 
The bys^hop on kh carpel 
At tiome full aofle dothe tjt. ■ 

Thia is a furly fyt. 
To here ihe people iangle, 
Howe wai-ely they wratigle : 
Alas, why do ye not han(U« 
And them all to-maiigle? 
Full falsely on you they ly^ 
And shamefuHy yon ascrye, 
And any iia rntruely. 
As the builerliye 

A mun myght anye in modie " 

Ware the'welhereocke 
Of (he sleple of Poulea ; 
And thus they hurte ibeyr sotiles 
In sclaiirnleryng jou for triube: 
Alas, it is fjiieat rmhe! 
SiJiiie ?iiy vf 'yl in tronea, 


Lyke prynces aquilonis, 
\ And shryne your rotten bones 

With perles and precyous stones ; 

But how the commons gi'ones, aw 

And the people mones 

For prestes and for lones 

Lent and neuer payd, 

But from day to day delayae, 
-~iThe commune welth decay de, 

Men say ye are tonge tayde, 

And therof speke nothynge 

But dyssymulyng and glosyng. 

Wherfore men be supposyng 

That ye gyue shrewd counsell m 

Agaynst the commune well. 

By pooUynge and pyllage 

In cytyes and vyllage, 

By taxyng and tollage, 

Ye make monkes to haue the culerage 

For coueryjige of an olde cottage, 

That commytted is a collage 

In the charter of dottage, 

Tenure par seruyce de soitage\ 

And not par seruyce de socage^ an 

After olde seygnyours, 

And the lerning of Lytelton tenours : 

Ye haue so ouerthwarted, 

That good lawes are subuerted, 

And good reason peruerted. 
Relygous men are fayne 

For to tourne agayne 

■IT. -"^ 

5j p <:oruin, 
per j'aratn^ 
wj ^M*:>iM laeritorutH, 

e with sbiune 
<^ly tiuunes ; 
-ti« I'OoiMe, , 
July -jiir abbesise, 

iir .uiii liuly Besee, 

' ^ MivjT bUuke vsyles, 
1/ Umjt ruck« sables, 
. ^uUo itiili iheir venial 
>,tiju, ilier« thoa shales^ 
vi-ti J U lilt) lea 

II I <u(4tf ntf Lea. 
:t»ie ilw-y laj 

. i-im uiwl no ry; 
^1^ Utu» lu It^ghl ; 



No matyns at mydnyght, 

Boke and chalys gone quyte ; 

And plucke awaye the leedes 4Ui 

Evyn ouer theyr heedes, 

And sell away theyr belles, 

And all that they haue elles : 

Thus the people telles, 

Rayles lyke rebelles, 

Redys shrewdly and spelles, 

And with foundacyons melles, 

And talkys lyke tytyuelles, 

Howe ye brake thB dedes wylles, * 

Turne monasteris into water millesy iw 

Of an abbay ye make a graunge ; 

Your workes, they saye, are straunge ; 

So that theyr founders souleg 

Haue lost theyr beade rolles, 

The mony for theyr masses 

Spent amonge wanton lasses ; 

The Diriges are forgotten ; 

Theyr founders lye theyr rotten. 

But where theyr soules dwell, 

Therwith I wyll not mell. «• 

What coulde the Turke do more 

With all his false lore, ' 

Turke, Sarazyn, or Jew ? 

I reporte me to you, 

O mercyfull Jesu, 

You supporte and rescue. 

My style for to dyrecte. 


li maj lake sane tfttM! 
For I Mbkom w wrjm 
Howe Uw bif fee ijvpjtm 
You prekuea, ibac of ngkt 
SbuIdB be iMKenee ef Ij-glM. 
Ye lyue. tber faj, in d«ljrt^ 
I>rowne<! ni Mieiit, 
In gloria H tUvitiitt , 

/n admiraiili kommr*, 
Jit gloria, ft tpiemdon 
FaiguraiOii Aatl^ 
Viventei porvtm eattt : 
Yet »wcle mexre iMlb $oure 
For afier gloria, tarn*, 
Cbryst by crueli« 
Was nayled vpon a ire; 
He jiayed a bytter peacjoa 
For maDitee redemcyoD) 
He Jjanke eysell and gall 
To redeme vs withall ; 
But swete 3'pocras ye drjrtika, 
Wlib, Let ibc c*I wynke! 
Ichc; wul wbul yche other tbynk^ 
Howe be. it p^ asiimile , 
Some men thynke that jro 
Sball baue p«naUe 



It is good for astrologys ; 

For Ptholome tolde me 

The Sonne somtyme to be «o 

In ArietCy ^ 

Ascendent a degre,* 

Whan Scorpion descendjnge^ 

Was so then pretendynge 

A fatall fall of one 

That shuld syt on a trone,_^ 

And rule all thynges alone. 

Your teth whet on this bone 

Amongest you euerychone, 

And let Colly n Cloute haue none ^ 48o 

Ascendent a degre] This passage seems to be cormpted. 
. ** Assendente adextre:" (and compare the Lansdown 
. quoted below.) 

haue none] MS. has "alone;" and omits the seventy- 
[it lines which follow. Among the Lansdown MS8. (762i 
75) I find the subjoined fragment: 

" Sora men thynke that ye 
shall haue penaltie 
for your Inyquytie 
Note well what to saye 
yf yt please the not onely 
yt is good for astrollogy 
ffbr tholomy tolde me 
the sonn somtyme to be 
In a Signe called ariotte 
assendam ad dextram 
when Scorpio is descendyng • 

afiatuall fall of one 
that syttys now on trone 
and rewles all thynge alone 

law 3 

^^c • -jur ««n« son. 

^:ist aolnted 

-»*-:^ ^■':as:^n« 3«belles, 
; • "^ -'t Ji-ircae to the groQi*' 

I ■ ^^^ 

: r"-.:r-rce :o be. 

w^»Tr ? 


And eyther ye be to bad, 
Or els tbey ar mad 
Of tbis to reporte : 
But, vnder your supporte, 
Tyll my dyenge day 
I shall bothe wryte and say, 
And ye shall do the same, fi> 

Howe they are to blame 
You thus to dyffame : 
For it maketh me sad 
Howe that the people are glad 
The Churche to depraue ; 
And some there are that raue, 
Presumynge on theyr wyt, 
Whan there is neuer a whyt, 
To maynteyne argumentes 
Agaynst the sacramentes. a» 

Some make epylogacyon 
Of hyglie predestynacyon ; 
And of resydei^acyon 
They make interpretacyon 
Of an aquarde facyon ; 
And of the prescience 
Of dyuyne essejje^ 
And what ipostacis 
Of Christes manhode is. 
Suche logyke men wyll chop, it 

And in theyr fury hop, 
When the good ale sop 
Dothe daunce in theyr fore top ; 


Suclie ye may well knowe anil ken, 

That agnynal preesthode 

Tlieyr malyce Bprede abrode, 

Euylynge haynousiy 

And dyadaynously 

Of preeatly dygoytes, 

But theyr maiygnytes. 

Aud jome haue a smacke 
Of Luthers sacke. 
And a brennyng sparke 
Of Lulhers warke, 
And are eomewliat auspecte 
lu Luthers secte ; 
And Eome of ibem barke, 
Claller and carpe 

Of (hat hertsy arte " 

Called Wiuleuiata, 
The dmielygehe dogmatista ; 
And EOine be Hussyana, 
And some be Arryans, 
And sume be Pollegiana, 
And make moche varyana 
Bytwene the clergye 
And Ihe lemporaltye, 
HowB Ihe Church^ hath to mykel, 
And lliey haue to lytell, ' 

1 ffiwe the Chanh, <fc.| This pa!sngB in MS. iturfB BiM' 
" Some »ey lioly chjrclte haue lo mykell 


And bryng in materialites 

And qualyfyed qualytes ; 

Of pluralytes, 

Of tryalytes, 

And of tot quottes, 

They commune lyke sottes, 

As commeth to theyr lottes ; 

Of prebendaries and deanes, 

Howe some of tbem gleanes 

And gathereth yp the store «• 

For to catche more and more ; 

Of persons and vycaryes 

They make many outcry es ; 

They cannot kepe theyr wyues 

From them for theyr lyues ; 

And thus the loselles stryues, 

And lewdely sayes by Christ 

Agaynst the sely preest, 

Alas, and well away, ^ 

What ayles them thus to say ? m 

They mought be better aduysed 

Then to be so dysgysed : 

But they haue enterprysed, 

And shamfuUy surmysed, 

Aud some sey they brynge plaralitet 

And qaalifie qualites 

And also tot cotte 

They taike lyke sottes 

Makynge many owte cryes 

That they cannot kepe ther wyffes 

And thus the losselles stryvys.*' 

TOL. U. 10 

Howe prelacy is soUle and bought 

And come vp of nought ; 

And where the prelates be 

Come of lowe degre, 

And eet in maieale 

And Bpiritiiall dj'ngnyto, 

Far well benygnyte, 

Farwcll aymplieite, . 

Far well humylyte, 

Farwell good charjte ! 

Te are so puffed wylh pryde, 
That no man may abyde 
Your hygh and lordely lokea: 
Ye CHst vp then your bokei. 
And Terlue ia forgotten ; 
For then ye wyll be wroken 
Of euery lyght quarell. 
And call a lorde a iutiell, 
A knyght a knaue ye nmke i 
, Ye boBt, ye face, ye cruke, 

IAnd vpon you ye take 
To rule boihe kynge and kayser; 
And yf ye may liaue layser. 
Ye wyll brynge all to nought. 
And thai is alt your thought; 
For (he lordea temporall, 
Tlieyr rule is very small, 
Almost nothyng at all. 
Men saye howe ye appall 
The noble blode royall i 


In ernest and in game, 

Ye are the lesse to blame, 

For lordes of noble blode, 

If they well vnderatode 

How connyng myght them auaunce, 

They wold pype you another daunce : ean 

But noble men borne 

To lerne they haue scome, 

But hunt and blowe an home, 

Lepe oiier lakes and dykes, 

Set nothyng by polytykes ; 

Therfore ye kepe them bace. 

And mock^ them to theyr face : 

This is a pyteous case, 

To you that ouer the whele 

Grete lordes must crouche and knele, no 

And breke theyr hose at the kne, 

As dayly men may se, 

And to remembraunce call, 

Fortune so turneth the ball 

And ruleth so ouer all, 

That honoure hath a great fall^^,.^,^--^ # 

Shall I tell you more ? ye, shall. 
I am loth to tell all ; 
But the communalte yow call 
Ydolles of Babylon, <«a 

Dt terra Zabulon, 
De terra Neptalym ; 
For ye loue to go trym. 
Brought vp of poore estate, 

With pryde inordinate, 
Sodaj'nly ypstarle 
From I be donge carte, 
The matiocke and ihtj sbule, 
To rejgne and to ruJe; 
And haue no grace lo tbynke 
Howe ye were woote to dryuke 
Of a. lether bottell 
With a knauyssbe etoppeU, 
Whan mamockes was your meate, 
With moldy brede to eale ; 
Te cowde none other gele 
To cbewe and to gnawe, 
To fyll therwith your mawe ; 
Loggyng in fay"^ strawe, 
Couchyng your drousy beddee 
Somtyme in lousy heddes. 
Alas, this is out of inynde I 
Ye growe nowe out of kynde : 
Many one ye haue vntwynde, 
And made the coromona blyode. 
But qui te existimat glare, 
Let hym well bewAre 
Lest Ibat bis fote alyp, 
And haue suche a tryp, 
And falle in authe dekay, 
That all the worlde may say, 
Come downe, in the deuyil way 1 

Yet, ouet uU that. 
Of hyssUops they cbat, 


That though ye round your hear 
An ynche aboue your ear, 
And haue aures patentes 
And parum intendentes, 
And your tonsors be croppyd, 
Your eares they be stopped ; 
For maister Adulator^ 
And doctour Assentatory 
And Blandior hlandiris, 
With Mentior mentiris^ 
They folowe your desyres, 
And so they blere your eye, 
That ye can not espye 
Howe the male dothe wrye. 

Alas, for Goddes wyll, 
Why syt ye, prelates, styll, 
And suffre all this yll ? 
Ye bysshops of estates 
Shulde open the brode gates 
Of your spirituall charge. 
And com forthe at large, 
Lyke lanternes of lyght. 
In the peoples syght. 
In pullpettes awtentyke. 
For the wele publyke 
Of preesthode in this case ; 
And alwayes to chase 
Suche maner of sysmatykes 
And halfe heretykes, 
That wolde intoxicate, 


CtMC wolile conquinate, 
Ttei wolde coutaminate, 
A)m1 ihHt wolde vyolale, 
^nd tlial wolile derogate, 
And that woldo ttbrdgHte 
Tbe Cliurclii:! hjgh estates, 
After this maner rales, 
Tlie which sbulde be 
Both franke and free, 
And liaue tbeyr lyberte. 
As of' atitiquyte 
It waa rattfyed, 
And alfo gratifyeil, 
By huly eynudallcs 
Ai]d bullud papalles. 
As it is Tei eerta 
Conteyned in Magna Oharla. 

But maister Damyan, 
Or some other man, 
That clerkuly is ai>d can 
Well acryplure expounde 
And bys tejcteB gi-ounde. 
His bBnelyce worihe ten pounde, 
Or skunte worth twenty inarke, 
And yet a noble clcrke, 
He must do this werke j 
As I kiiowt! a. parte, 
Some inatjters of arte, 
Some douioura of la we, 


As in dyuynyte, 

That liath oo dygnyte 

But the pore degre 

Of the ynyuereyte ; 

Or els frere Frederyekc, 

Or els frere Dominike, ym 

Or frere Hugulinus, 

Or frere Agustinus, 

Or frere Carmelus, 

That gostly can heale vs; ~^ 

Or els yf we may 

Get a frere graye, 

Or els of the order 

Vpon Grenewyche border. 

Called Obseruaunoe, 

Or a frere of Fraunce ; i» 

Or else the poore Scot, 

It must come to his lot 

To shote forthe his shot ; 

Or of Babuell besyde Bery, 

To postell vpon a kyry, 

That wolde it shulde be acted 

Howe scripture shulde be coted, 

And so clerkley pronK>ted; 

And yet the frere doted. 

But men sey your awtoryte, 
And your noble se, 
And your dygnyte, 
Shulde be iraprynted better 
Then all the freres letter ; 
For if ye wolde take payne 



To preohe a worde or twayne, 
Though it were neuer go playne, 
Willi clauses ino or ihre, 
So as [hey myght be 
Compendyously conueyde, 
These wonies ahuld be more weyd, 
And belter perceyued, 
And tbankfullerlye receyued, 
And betrer sbulde remayue 
Amonge the people playne, 
That wold your wordes relay ne 
And reherce them agayne. 
Than a thousand Ihousaude other. 
That blaber, barke, and blother, 
And make a Walshmans hose 
Of [he (fxte and of the glose. 

For proteslatyon made, 
That I wyll not wade 
Farther in Ihia broke, 
Nor farther for to loke 
In deuysynge of this boke, 
Bat answere that I may 
For my selt'e alway, 
Eyiher analoffice 

Or els categorice, ■ 

So that in diuinite 
Doctors that lerned be, 
Mor h»chelera of that faculie 
That halh taken dtgre 
In the viiiuersiK;, 
Shall not b« obiecie at by luc 


But doctour Bullatus, 
Parum litiercUus, 
Domintis doctoratus 
At the brode gatus, aot 

Doctour Daupatus, 
And bacheler hacheleratus, 
Dronken as a mouse, 
At the ale house, 
Taketh his pyllyon and his cap 
At the good ale tap, 
For lacke of good wyne ; 
As wyse as Robyn swyne, 
Vnder a notaryes sygne 
Was made a dyuyne ; wt 

As wyse as Waltoms calfe, i' 
Must preche, a Goddes halfe, 
In the pulpy t solempnely ; 
More mete in the pyllory, 
For, by saynt Hyllary, 
He can nothyng smatter 
Of logyke nor scole matter, 
Neyther syllogisare, 
Nor enthymemare^ 

Nor knoweth his elenkes, «• 

Nor his predicamens ; 
And yet he wyll mell 
To amend the gospell, 
And wyll preche and tell 
What they do in hell ; 
And he dare not well neuen 

cocis c<«im. 


Soduyaw s faaoMi flfdc, 
lliM H rin fyi^en ihjckfl 

ThcTT oMeat U ttiMue . 
I p«i T<M aw of doBie, 
Tlu.'' nn DM be hmaght aJMVie 
But tbef tbrjrr loiQea fj-le, 
And iask« ■ phniMBt My le 
To UmrgtTj wnA Is lUode^ 
Uove tbej l«uo IM ffMtdef 
And aantjwM ibvf pnooke 



Bothe Gyll and Jacke at Noke 
Their dewtyes to withdrawe, 
That they ought by the la we 
Theyr curates to content 8« 

In open tyme and in Lent : 
God wot, they take great payne 
To flatter and to fayne ; 
But it is an olde sayd eawe, 
That nede hath no lawe. 
Some walke aboute in melottes, 
In gray russet and heery cotes ; 
Some wyl neyther golde ne grotes ; 
Some plucke a partrych in remotes, 
And by tlie barres of her tayle sw 

Wyll knowe a rauen from a rayle, 
A quayle, the raile, and the olde rauen 
Sed libera nos a mah ! Amen. 
And by Dudum, theyr Clementine, 
Agaynst curates they repyne ; 
And say propreli they ar sacerdoteSy 
To shryue, assoyle, and reles 
Dame Margeries soule out of hell : 
But when the freare fell in the well. 
He coud not syng himselfe therout sau 
But by the helpe of Christyan Clout. 
Another Clemen tyne also,* 

nothvr Clementyne also, ^c] I suspect some corruption 
In MS. the passage stands thus; 

" Another clementyn how/rere faby and mo 


IIow frere Fabiun, with olher mo, 
Exivit de Paradiso ; I 

Whan they agayn iLeJer shal come, 
J)e hoc petimas eontiUum : 
Anil through all the world ihej go 
Wilh Dirige and Placebo. 

But nuwe my mjnd ye ToderstaiKli 
For ihey must take hi hande ■ 

Tu prech, and to withslHJide 

For hysshopa haue prote 
Tliey 9«y, to do correclioi 
But they haue do affeeliu 
To lako the sayd d 
III such maner of cases, 
Men say, they bare no faces 
To occupye euclie plucea. 
To sowe (be sede of graces: 
Tbeyr hertes are so faynled, 
And they be so aiiaynted 
Witti coueylous and arnbycyon, 
And other supersiycyon. 
That they be deef and dum, 
And play scyleas and glum, * * 
Can say noihynge but mum. 

They occupye them so 
"With syngyng Plaeeho, 
They wjll no farlliur go ; 
They had leoer lo please. 
And liike ihfir iioridly east 


Than to take on hande 

WorsshepfuUy to withstands 

Such temporall warre and bate. 

As Dowe is made of late 

Agaynst holy Churche estate, 

Or to maynteyne good quarelles. 

The lay men call them barrelles 

Full of glotony wi 

And of hypocrysy, 

That counterfaytes and payntes 

As they were very sayntes : 

In matters that them lyke 

They she we them poly tyke, 

Pretendyng grauyte 

And sygnyoryte, 

With all solempnyte, 

For theyr indempnyte ; 

For they wyll haue no losse « 

Of a peny nor of a crosse 

Of theyr predyall landes, 

That Cometh to theyr handes, 

And as farre as they dare set, 

All is fysshe that cometh to net : 

Buyldyng royally 

Theyr mancyons curyously. 

With turrettes and with toures, 

With halles and with boures, 

Stretchynge to the starres, »•• 

With glasse wyndowes and barres ; 

Hangynge aboute the walles 


And a mete meditacjon 
For prelates of estate, 
Their courage to abate 
From worldly wantonnesne, 
Thejr chambres thus to dresse 
With suche parfetnesse 
And all suche holjnesse ; 
How be it they let downe fall 
Their churches cathedrall. 

Squyre, knyght, and lorde, 
Thus the Churche remorde ; 
With all temporall people 
They rune agaynst the steple, 
Thus talkynge and tellyng 
How some of you are mellyng ; 
Yet softe and fayre for swellyng, 
Beware of a quenes yellyng. 
It is a besy thyng 
For one man to rule a kyng 
Alone and make rekenyng, 
To goueme ouer all 
And rule a realme royall 
By one mannes verrey wyt ; 
Fortune may chaunce to flyt, 
And whan he weneth to syt, 
Yet may he mysse the quysshon : 
For I rede a preposycyon, 
Cum regihus amicare, 
Et omnibus dominari, 
Et supra (e pravare ; 


Wlierforc he hathe good vre 
That can hjmselle assure 
Howe roriiine w^ll endure. 
Than lei reason you supporle, 
For the communaiie doihe reporte 
That ihey haue great wonder 
Thai ye kepe them so vnder; 
Yet they meruayle so moche lesse, 
For ye play so at the cheese, 
Aa they suppose and gesae. 
That some of you bttt late 
Hath played ?o checkemate 
With lordes of greai estate, 
Ailer euche a. rate. 
Thai they shall mell nor make. 
Nor vpon ihera lake, 
For kynge nor kayser sake, 
But at the playsure of one 
Thai rulelh the ro3le alone. 
Helas, I say, helas ! 

That a. man shall here ■ masse, 
And not so hardy on his hede 
To loke oh God in forme of brede^, J 
But that the parysshe clerka 
There rpon musi herke, 
And graunt hym at his askyng 
For to se the sacryng? 
And liowe may rhis accorde, 


So liardy to make sute, 

Nor yet to execute 

His commaundement, 

Without the assent 

Of our presydent, 

Nor to expresse to his person, 

Without your consentatyon 

Graunt hym his lycence wit 

To preas to his presence, 

Nor to speke to hym secretly, 

Openly nor preuyiy, 

Without his presydent be by, 

Or els his substytute 

Whom he wyU depute ? 

Neyther erle ne duke 

Permytted ? by saynt Luke, 

And by swete saynt Marke, 

This is a wonderous warkel loso 

That the people talke this, 

Somewhat there is amysse : 

The deuil cannot stop their mouthes, ) 

But they wyl talke of such vncouthes, \ 

All that euer they ken 

Agaynst all spirituall men. 

Whether it be wrong or ryght, 
Or els for dyspyght, 
Or howe euer it hap, 
Theyr tonges thus do clap, um 

And through suche detractyon 
They put you to your actyon ; 
VOL. II. 11 


TliM floihe Ihvnke or wene 
That hi* cwincyence be noi dene. 
And fel«h hymeeHe sycke, 
Or loopbed on the (jaycke, 
godte grtice God them senda 
Tlieniselfe to mtnende, 
For I wjH not prelende 
Any man to offende. 

Wherfore, as tliynketb me, 
Great ydeoil«i I hey be, 
And lytell grace they haae. 
This ti-eaiyse to depraue; 
Nor wyll here no prectiyng, 
Nor no vertuous techyng. 
Nor wyll haue no resytyng 
Of any vertuous wrylyng; 
Wyll knowe none intellygence 
To pefourme theyr neglygenea, 
But lyue styll out of f'acyon, 
To theyr owne dampnapyon. 
To do ehanie ibey bane no ehanie. 
Bntlhey wold no man shwitieihem blame' 
They haue na euyl name, 
But yet they wyll occupy ihe 

With ihem the worde of God 
Is counted for no rod ; 
They counte it for a raylyng, 
That nothyng is aiiaylyng; 
The prechers with euyll bayli 


e precher 
Shall they dai 

s prelates. 


Wreke ye your anger on me ? 
For those that vertuous be 
Haue no cause to say 
That I speke out of the way. 

Of no good bysshop speke I, 
Nor good preest I escrye, 
Good frere, nor good chanon, 
Good nonne, nor good canon, im 

Good monke, nor good clercke, 
Nor yette of no good werke : 
But my recountyng is 
Of them that do amys, 
In speking and rebellyng, 
In hynderyng and dysauaylyng 
Holy Churche, our mother. 
One agaynst another ; 
To vse suche despytyng 
Is all my bole wrytyng ; iim 

To hynder no man, 
As nere as I can, 
For no man haue I named : 
Wherfore sholde I be blamed ? 
Ye ought to be ashamed, 
Agaynst me to be gramed. 
And can tell no cause why. 
But that I wryte trewly. 

Then jf any there be 
Of hygh or lowe degre im 

Of the spiritualte. 
Or of the temporalte 

At Poules Crosse or els wher 
Openly at Wesimynslere, 
And Saynl Mary Spyiiell, 
They Bet not by V8 a whystell : 
At Ihe Ausien fryera 
They count vs for lyera : 
And at Saynt Thomas of Akers 
They carpe vs lyke crakera, 
Howe we wyll rule allatwyll 
Wilhout good reason or skyllj 
And sny bow that we be 
Full of parcy»lyte ; 
And iiowe at a pronge 
We tourne ryght into wronge, 
Delay causes so longe 
That ryght no man can fonge; 
They suy many matters be born I 
By the ryght of a rambes horoe. ■! 
la not this a ^hnoifull scome, 
To be leareil thu^ and (orne 

How may we thy* iodureP 
Wherfore we make you sure, 
Ye prechera ahali be yawde; 
And some shall be aawde, 
As noble Irtaias, 
The holy piuphet, was; 
And some of you shall dye, 
Lyke holy Jeremy ; 
Some hanged, some slayne, 
Some beaten to the bmynej 


And we wyll rule and rayne, 

And our matters mayntayne 

Who dare say there agayne, 

Or who dare dysdayne 

At our pleasure and wyll : 

For, be it good or be it yll, 

As it is, it shall be styll, im 

For all master doetour of Cyuyll, 

Or of Diuine, or doetour Dryuyll, 

Let hym cough, rough, or sneuyll ; 

Renne God, renne deuyll, ' 

Renne who may renne best, ; 

And let take all the rest 1 

We set not a nut shell 

The way to heueu or to hell. 

Lo, this is the gyse now a dajes 1 
It is to drede, men sayes, vm 

Lest they be Saduces, 
As they be sayd sayne 
Whiche determyned playne 
We ehulde not ryse agayne 
At dredefuU domis day ; 
And so it semeth they play, 
Whiche hate to be corrected 
Whan they be infected, 
Nor wyll suffre this boke 
By hoke ne by croke — tm 

Pry n ted for to be, 
For that no man shulde se 
Nor rede in any scroUes 


Of ilieyr dronken nolles, 
Nor of thejT nodily pollea, 
Nor of theyr sely soulea, 
Nor of some wytl«a pates 
or doners great estates, 
Aa well AG other men. 

Now to witlidrawe my pen. 
And now a whjie to rest. 
Me semeth it fur the best. 

The forecaslell of mj sbjp 
Shall glyde, and smoihely slyp 
Out of the wawes wod 
Of the stormy flod; 
Sliutc anker, and lye at rode, 
And sa/ie not farre abrode, 
Tyll the cost be clere. 
And the lode slarre appere ; 
My shjp nowe wyll I stere 
Towards the portti ealu 
Of our SnujDur Jesu, 
Suche grace that he va sende, 
To rectytye and aioeade 
Thynges that arc amya, 
Whan that hi$ [^asure is. 

In opere imjierfecto. 

In opere temper perfeeto, 

Et in opere plusqvam perjieto / 



Colinus Cloutus, quanquam mea carmina muUis 
Sordescunt stultis, sed puevinate sunt rare ctdtis, 
Pue vinatis altisera divino Jlamine Jlatis* 
Unde med refert tanto minuSf invida quamvis 
Lingua nocere paraty quia^ quanquam rustica 

Undique cantabor tamen et celehrahor ubique, 
Inclita dum maneat gens Anglica, Laurus honoris^ 
Qu&ndam regnorum regina et gloria regum^ 
Heu^ modo marcescit, tabescit, languida torpet! 
Ah pudet, ah miseret 1 vetor hie ego pandere plura 
Pro gemitu et lacrimis: prcestet peto prcemia 


* These verses, not in eds., follow the poem of Colyn Cloute 
in the Harlciun MS. The corruptions in the second and third 
lines (distinguished by Roman letter) have baffled the inge- 
nuity of the several scholars to whom' I submitted them. 

A reviewer in the Gentleman's Magazine (Sept. 1844, p. 246,) 
wonld cure this corrupted passage as follows: 

Cnlinus ClotUiUy quanquam mea camunct mvltU 
Sordescunt ^uUis ; sed paucis aunt data cuUi»^ 
Faucis ante alios divino Jlamine ftcUii. 





Elemo mansura die dum sidera fulgeiU^ 
^quora dumque tumerU, hcBC laurea nostra vireUU 
Hinc nostrum celehre et nomen referetur ad astro, 
Undique Skeltonis memorabitur alter Adonis, 

Arecttng my syght towarde the zodyake, 
The sygnes xii for to beholde a farre, 

When Mars retrogradant reuersyd his bak, 
Lorde of the yere in his orbicular, 
Put vp his sworde, for he cowde make no warre, 

And whan Lucina plenarly did shyne, 

Scorpione ascendynge degrees twyse nyne; 

* From Faukes's ed. 1523, collated with Marshe's ed. of 
Skelton's Wm-kes, 1568, (in which it is entitled The CrowM 
o/Laiorell,) and with fragments of the poem among the Cot- 
tonlan MSS. Vit. E.X. fol. 200. The prefatory Latin lines 
are from Funkes's ed., where they are given on the back of 
the title-page, and below a woodcut portrait headed " Skdio* 
Potta,^^ (see List of Editions^ in Appendix to Account of Slxl' 
touy &.C.): they are not in Marshe's ed. nor in MS. 


n place alone then musynge in my thought 
How all thynge passyth as doth the sOmer 
On euery halfe my reasons forthe I sought, lo 
How oftyn fortune varyeth in an howre, 
Now clere wether, forthwith a stormy showre ; 
All thynge compassyd, no perpetuyte, 
Bot now in welthe, now in aduersyle. 

So depely drownyd I was in this dumpe, 
Encraumpysshed so sore was my conceyte, 

That, me to rest, I lent me to a stumpe 

Of an oke, that somtyme grew full streyghte, 
A myghty tre and of a noble heyght. 

Whose bewte blastyd w^as with the boystors 
wynde, a 

His leuis loste, the sappe was frome the rynde. 

Thus stode I in the frytthy forest of Galtres, 

Ensowkid with sylt of the myry mose, 
Where hartis belluyng, embosyd with distres, 
Ran on the raunge so longe, that I suppose 
Few men can tell now where the hynde calfe 
Faire fall that forster that so well can bate his 

hownde ! 
But of my purpose now torne we to the grownde. 

Why lis I stode musynge in this medytatyon. 
In slumbrynge I fell and halfe in a slepe ; « 


Aiid w!jf![lier it wui'e of" jmiifjj'nacj'on. 

Or of huiiiora aup<;rflut:, lliat ofltu wjill CN 
Iii[o (he brayiH; by djyiikyng ouer depe, 
Or it proceiJyd of faiall persuaejoo, 
J can not wtile tell you wIihI was the occsejod; 

But sodeynly at ones, as I me aduyaed, 
Ad one in a trans or in an extasy, 

I gttwe a paujiyon woudersly disgysede, 
Garnyssiied t're^sbe after my fantasy, 
Enhaclijde with pei'le and clones precioosiy, • 
Tbe grounile engrosyd and bet witb hournegoldej 
Tliat paasynge goodly it was to heholde: 

Within it, a pryncea exeelleoEe of porte ; 

But to reuuunt her ryube abylyment, 
And what esiatea to her did resorfe, 

Tberto am 1 full inpuffycyent ; 

A gndde^se inmurlali she dyd repreae 
As I bai'de say, damo Pallas was 
To whome supplyed the royall Quene of F«i 

27ie Queim of Faint to Dami PaiUiMJ* 
]'rynues mooot pusanl, of hygb pruemynot 

Keuownyd iady aboiie tbe ateriy henyn^;! 
All other transcendyng, of very congrueneB 

1 QatneofFamt] Oppotite tbia liao MS. baa a. amrtpnll 
jte, parity Illogibja, Bnd partly cut oO, " £, 
. . . dea peclore foria . . ." 


Madame regent of the scyence seuyn, 
To who^' astate all noblenes most lenen, 
My supplycacyon to you I arrect, 
Whereof I beseche you to tender the effecte. 

Not vnremembered it is vnto your grace, 

How you gaue me a ryall coramaundement 
That in my courte Skelton shulde haue a place^ 
Bycause that his tyme he studyously hath 
spent •• 

In your seruyce ; and, to the accomplysshe- 
Of your request, regestred is his name 
With laureate tryumphe in the courte of Fame. 

But, good madame, the accustorae and vsage 
Of auncient poetis, ye wote full wele, hath bene 

Them selfe to embesy with all there holl corage, 
So that there workis myght famously be sene, 
In figure wherof they were the laurell grene ; 

But how it is, Skelton is wonder slake, 

And, as we dare, we fynde in hym grete lake : w 

For, ne were onely he hath your promocyon, 
Out of my bokis full sone I shulde hym rase ; 

But sith he hath tastid of the sugred pocibun 
Of Elyconis well, refresshid with your grace, 
And wyll not endeuour hymselfe to purchase 

The fauour of ladys with wordis electe, 

Tt -18 Bittynge that ye must hym correct. 


DoTTte Pallas to the Quene of Fame. 

The sum of your purpose, as we ar aduysid, 
la that our soruaunt is sum what to dull i 

Wherin this answere for hym we haue compriid, 
How ryuera rin not lyll the spryng be full; • 
Better a dum niouthe than a brainlea scull; 

For iihe gloryously puliishe hia mailer, 

Then mtin wjU say how he doth but flaller ; 

And if 60 hym fortune to wryte true and pluine, 

As Bumlyme lie must vyces remorde. 
Then sum wyll say he hath but lyttill brayne, 
And how his wordea with reason wjll nol 

accord e ; 
Beware, for wrjtyng reraaynelb of recordej 
Diapltiiise not an hundruth for one mannH 
pluasure ; * 

Who wryleih wyaely liath a gvfiu treasure. 

AlfO, to furnijdlie better his excuse, 

Ouyde was bannisshed for suche a skyl^ 

And many mo whome I cowde enduce 
luuenall wae thret parde for to kyll 
For ceriayne enuectyfys, yet wrote he none iH 

Sauynge he rubbid 6um vpon the gall ; 

]t vaa not for hym to abyde the IryalL 


In gt-nerrall wordes, I say not gretely nil] 
A poF>Ie sooityiiie may tor his pleasure lannt, 

tannl, ■ 


Spekyng in parablis, how the fox, the grey, 
The gander, the gose, and the hudge oliphaunt, 
Went with the peeok ageyne the fesaunt ; 
The lesarde came lepyng, and sayd that he must, 
With helpe of the ram, ley all in the dust. 

Yet dyuerse ther be, industryous of reason, 
Sam what wolde gadder in there coniecture 

Of suche an endarkid chapiter sum season ; 
How be it, it were harde to construe this 

Sophisticatid craftely is many a confecture ; "• 

Another manes mynde diffuse is to expounde ; 

Yet harde is to make but sum fawt be founde. 

The Queue of Fame to Dame Pallas, 

Madame, with fauour of your benynge sufferaunce, 
Vnto your grace then make I this motyue ; 

Whereto made ye me hym to auaunce 
Vnto the rowme of laureat promotyue ? 
Or wherto shulde he haue that prerogatyue, 

But if he had made sum memoryall, 

Wherby he myght haue a name inmortall ? 

To pas the tyme in slowthfull ydelnes, iso 

Of your royall palace it is not the gyse, 

But to do sum what iche man doth hym dres: 
For how shulde Cato els be callyd wyse, 
But that his bokis, whiche he did deuyse, 

Recorde the same ? or why is had in mynde 

Plato, but for that he left wrytynge behynde, 


For men to luke on ? ArUtntille also. 
Of pliyloeophers eallid ibe princypall, 

Olile Diogene*, with other many mo, 

D-'mopit-ne!", thai orntour royall, ' 

That gaue Eschines Kuche a. cordyall, 

That ^unniaslied wiia he by his propo*ieyoun, 

Ageyoe ivhome be cowde make no coDiradH- 


Dame Pallas to the Quene of Farm 
Soft, my good aysler, and make there a 

And was Esuhinea rebukid as ye eayP 

Bemetnbre you wele, jwynt wele that clause i 

Wherfore then rasid ye not away 

His name ? or why is it, I you pniyR, 

That he to your coune is goyng and commynge, 

Sith he is sJaundred for defaut of konnyogL 

The Quene of Fame to Dame Pali 

Madame, your apposelle ie wele inferrid, { 
And at your auauntage quikly it is 

Towchid, and bard for to be debarrid ; 
Yet shall I an^were your grace as in 
Wi(h your reforraacion, if I say amb. 

For, but if your bounle did n 

MynH argument eis koude not longe endid 

As lowchyng that Escbines iE remembred) i 

That be so sholde be, me sitmiih it si 
All be it grete paile he batli surrcndred 


Of his onour, whos dissuasyue in wrytyng 
To corage Demostenes was mocbe excitynge, 
In settyng out fresshely his crafty persuacyon, 
From whiche Esehines had none euacyon. 

The cause why Demostenes so famously is brutid, 
Onely procedid for that he did outray 

Esehines, whiche was not shamefully confutid 
But of that famous oratour, I say, 
Whiche passid all other ; wherfore I may 

Among my recordes suffer hym namyd, i« 

For though he were venquesshid, yet was he not 
shamyd : 

As lerome, in his preamble Frater AmhrostttSf 
Frome that I haue sayde in no poynt doth vary, 

Wherein he reporteth of the coragius 
Wordes that were moch consolatory 
By Esehines rehersed to the grete glory 

Of Demostenes, that was his vtter foo : 

Few shall ye fynde or none that wyll do so. 

Dame Pallas to the Queue of Fame, 

A thanke to haue, ye haue well deseruyd, 

Your mynde that can maynteyne so apparently ; 

But a grete parte yet ye haue reseruyd m 

Of that most folow then conseqently, 
Or els ye demeane you inordinatly ; 

For if ye laude hym whome honour hath opprest, 

Then he that doth worste is as good as the best. 

VOL. II. 12 


But whome that ye fiiuoure, I se wpII, Latb i 

Be he neuer so lytell of snbstaunpe, 
And whome yc loue not ye wyll put to shatne; 

Ye counterwey not euynly your balaunce ; 

As wele foly ae wyadome oft ye do avaunce: * 
For reporle ryselh many deiierse wayea : 
Sume be moche epokyn of for makyiige of U|fl 

Some haue a name for thefte and bryberyj ^^ 
Some be called crafty, thai cnii pyke a purse; 

Some men be made of for the 
Some carefull cokwoldes, 

;ome haue tbeyr 

Some famous wetewoldis, and they be moche 
Some tidderons, some losels, some noughiy 
Some facers, some bracers, some make great 

Some dronken dastardis with their dry soulea,' * 
Some sluggyssh slouyns, that slepe day and 
nyghl ; 
Ryot and Beuell be in your court* rowlia; 
Maintenaunce and Miachefe, theis be men <)< 

myght ! 
Estorcyon is counted with yon for a knyghti 
s people by me haue none assign ement, 

Yet [hey ryde and, ri 

a CailyD ti 



B^ .1 or nothynge ye shall here tell 
Mf m that haue vertue by reason of cunnyng, 
||.- souerenly in honoure shulde excell ; im 
^ of suche maters make but a mummynge, 
vvysdome and sadnesse be set out a sun- 

jche of my seruauntes as I haue promotyd, 
lUte or other in them shalbe notyd : 

it they wyll say he is to wyse, 
elles he can nought bot whan he is at scole ; 
*e his wytt, sayth he, at cardes or dyce, 
nd ye shall well fynde he is a very fole ; 
wyshe, set hym a chare, or reche hym a 

syt hym vpon, and rede lacke a thrummis 

p truly it were pyte that he sat ydle. «o 

The Queue of Fame to Dame Pallas. 

make repungnaunce agayne that ye haue 

)f very dwte it may not well accorde, 
t your benynge sufferaunce for my discharge 

I laid, ' 
?or that I wolde not with you fall at discorde ; 
Jut yet I beseche your grace that good recorde 
y be brought forth, suche as can be founde, 
th laureat tryumphe why Skelton sholde be 

crownde ; 

For elks ii were lo great a derogacyon 

Vnio your palas, our noble courts of Fame, 

That any man vnder eupportscyon ■ 

Withuule deseruynge shulde h»ue rhe bett 

If he to the ample encrease of hia name '^H 
Can lay any werkis that he haih com pyly^ "B 
I am conlente that he be not exylide 

Frome the laureat senate by force of proscrip- 

i, ye k 
But I muat bannyeshe hym 
dicey on, 
As he tliat aquentyth hyra with ydilnes; 
But if that he purpose to make a redrea% J 
What he hath done, let it be brought ^ 
Grnunt my petycyon, I aske you but ryght; 1 

Dame PaUai to the Quene of Fomt. 
To your request we be well condiscendid : 

Call forthe, let se where ia your clariona;^.,^ 
To blowe a blaste with hia long bretfa exlenffii'n 

Eolus, your trumpet, ihat knowne is so &r«. 

That bnrarag blowylli in euery mercyall warre, 
Let hyin blon-e now, that we may take a ve** 
What poetia we haue at o 

To se if Skellon wyll put hyraselfe in p 
Amonge ihe thickeste of all (he hole 


Make noyse enoughe, for claterars loue no peas ; 

Let se, my syster, now spede you, go aboute ; 

Anone, I sey, this trumpet were founde out, 
And for no man hardely let hym spare 
To blowe bararag tyll bothe his eyne stare. 

Skelion Poeta, 

Forthwith there rose amonge the thronge 
A wonderfull noyse, and on euery syde 
They presid in faste ; some thought they were to 
longe ; 
Sume were to hasty, and wold no man byde ; 
Some whispred, some rownyd, some spake, and 
some cryde, « 

With heuynge and shouynge, haue in and haue 

oute ; 
Some ranne the nexte way, sume ranne abowte* 

There was suyng to the Quene of Fame ; 

He plucked hym backe, and he went afore ; 
Nay, holde thy tunge, quod another, let me haue 
the name ; 
Make rowme, sayd another, ye prese all to 

sore ; 
Sume sayd, Holde thy peas, thou getest here 
no more ; 
A thowsande thowsande I sawe on a plumpe : 
With that I harde the noyse of a trumpe. 

That longe tyme blewe a full timorous blaste, «» 
Lyke to the boryall wyndes whan they blowe. 

That towres and tovines and trees downe caelfi, 
Droue clowdea togethei' lyke dryfiis of snowei 
The dredefuU dinne droue all the rowte on > 

Some tremblid, eoniti giniid, some gaspid, eonM 

As people halfe peu^ashe, or men that 1 


Anone all was whyste, as it were for the Don 
And iche man etode ga^yng and Glaring TpcM 

With that there come in wonderlj at ones 

A murmur of mynslrels, that suche another n 
Had I neiier sene, some »}fier, eome lowder; 
Orpheus, the Traciane, herped meledyously 
Weth Amphion, and other Musia ot'Archadj': 

Whos heuenly armony was so passynge aure, 
So truely proporsionyd, and so well did gree, 

So duly eulunyd with euery meaure. 

That in the forfst was none so great a tre 
But thai he daunced for ioye of thai gle; 

The huge myghly ekes them selfe dyd auaaace. 

And lepe tjrome the hylles to leme for to dauDH! 

In sj mocbe the eiumpe, w'lereto I me leute, -J 
Stiirie all at ones an huudrethe fote baekoNf 

Wilh thai I sprange vp towarde the tent 
Of nuble Dume Pallas, nherof I epskej 
Where Isawe come after, I wote, fttlllytdlW 


Of a thousande poetes assembled togeder : 
But Fhebus was formest of all that cam theder ; 

Of laurell leuis a cronell on his hede, 

With heris encrisped yalowe as the golde, 
Liamentyng Daphnes, whome A^ith the darte of 
lede sn 

Cupyde hath stryken so that she ne wolde 
Concente to Fhebus to haue his herte in 
Hut, for to preserue her maidenhode clene, 
Transformyd was she into the laurell grene. 

Meddelyd with murnynge the moost parte of his 
O thoughtfull herte, was euermore his songe I 
Daphnes, my derlynge, why do you me refuse ? 
Yet loke on me, that louyd you haue so longe, 
Yet haue compassyon vpon my paynes 

stronge : bm 

He sange also how, the tre as he did take 
Betwene his armes, he felt her body quake. 

Then he assurded into this exclamacyon 
Vnto Diana, the goddes inmortall ; 

O mercyles madame, hard is your constellacyon, 
So close to kepe your cloyster virgynall, 
Enhardid adyment the sement of your wall I 

Alas, what ayle you to be so ouerthwhart, 

To bannysshe pyte out of a maydens harte ? 


Wby liaiie ihe goddes shewjd me tliis omelie, 
Sith 1 wmtryiijd first princyplesmedj'cynaWd 

I heipe all other of tliere inlirmile, *> 

But now to helpn! myselle I am aot able; 
Tbctt profyteth all otiier is nothynge profytdbb 

Vnto me ; alaa, that herhe nor grease 

The feruent axes of loue can not represse ! 

falall fortune, what haue I ofietulid ? 

Odious disdayne, why raiat thou me on liiis 
facyon ? 
But sitii I haue lost now that I entended, 
And may not atieyne it by no raedyacyon, 
Tel, in I'enierobraunue of Daphnes IranBfornw- 

All famous poetis ensitynge after me 
Shall were a garlaude of the laurell tre. 

This sayd, a grate nowtnber folowyd by and by 
Of poelia laureat of many dyuerse nacyons; 

Parte of there nantu.'^ I tbynke to epecefye : 
Fyrale, olde Quintiliane with his Declin*- 

Theocritus with his hucolycatl relacyons} 
Esiodua, the icnnomicar, 
And Homerus, the fresshe historiar; 

Prynee of eloquenoe, Tullius Cicero, 

"With Sulusiy agefnal Lueius Calelyn^ 
That wrote llie history of luguria also ; 


Ouyde, enshryned with the Musis nyne ; 

But blessed Bacchus, the pleasant god of wyne, 
)f closters engrosyd with his ruddy flotis 
Chese orators and poetes refresshed there throtis ; 

iiucan, with Stacius in Achilliedos ; 

Percius presed forth with problemes diffuse ; 
Virgin the Mantuan, with his Eneidos ; sas 

luuenall satirray, that men raakythe to muse ; 

But blessed Bacchus, the pleasant god of 
)t' clusters engrosed with his ruddy flotes 
rhese orators and poetes refreshed their throtes ; 

["here Titus Lyuius hymselfe dyd auaunce 
With decadis historious, whiche that he mengith 

¥ith maters that amount the Romayns in sub- 
staunce ; 
Enyus, that wrate of mercyall war at lengthe ; 
But blessyd Bachus, potenciall god of strengthe, 

)f clusters engrosid with his ruddy flotis 849 

?heis orators and poetis refresshed there throtis ; 

Lulus Gelius, that noble historiar ; 

Grace also with his new poetry ; 
layster Terence, the famous comicar. 

With Plautus, that wrote full many a comody ; 

But blessyd Bachus was in there company, 
>f clusters engrosyd with his ruddy flotis 
?heis orators and poetis refresshed there throtis ; 


Sfniik full goberly wilh hia IragediU i 
Boyce, reeoiinfortyd with his pliilusophy; 

And Huxymyane, with Ms madde ditii^ ■ 

How dotynge age wolde japu with yonge folj; 
But blessyd Bachus most reuerent and holy, 

Of clusters eiigro^id with liis ruddy fldtts 

Thsis orators and poelis refreashed (here liirotts; 

There e&me Johnn Boclja^ with his volnmji 

Qiiintus Curaiu?, Tull cniftely that wrate 
Of Alesander; and Macrobiua Ihat did trete 
Of SuipioDS dreme what was tlie treu probatei 
Bui blessyd Bauhud that nener man forgale, 
Of (iluslere engrosed with his ruddy flolis » 

Thei<e oralora and poetis refressliid iber throlis ; 

?oggeu3 also, that famous Florentine, 
Mustred iher nmonge them with, mastji 


Willi a frero of Fraunue men call sir Gagwyne, 
That frowiiyd on me full angerly and palu i 
But blessyd UH,ehu^, that bote is of all btile, 
Of clusters engroeyd with his ruddy Hotia 
Thtis orators and poetis refre^shid there ll 

Plutarke and Petrarkc, two famous vlarkis; 

Lucilius and Valerius Masimua by a 
With Vini^ncius in Specula, thekt wr 




Propercius and Pisandros, poetis of noble fame ; 

But blissed Bachus, that mastris oft doth frame. 
Of clusters engrosed with his ruddy flotis 
Theis notable poetis refresshid there throtis. 

And as I thus sadly amonge them auysid, 

I saw Gower, that first garnisshed our Eng« 
lysshe rude, 
And maister Chaucer, that nobly enterprysyd 
How that our Englysshe myght fresshely be 

ennewed ; 
The monke of Bury then after them ensuyd, w 
Dane Johnn Lydgate: theis Englysshe poetis 

As I ymagenyd, repayrid vnto me, 

Togeder in armes, as brethern, enbrasid ; 

There apparell farre passynge beyonde that I 
can tell; 
With diamauntis and rubis there tabers were 
trasid, ' • 

None so ryche stones in Turkey to sell ; 
Thei wantid nothynge but the laurell; 
And of there bounte they made me godely chere, 
In maner and forme as ye shall after here. 

Mayster Gower to Shelton, 

Brother Skelton, your endeuorment « 

So haue ye done, that meretoryously 
Ye haue deseruyd to haue an enplement 


Ic our collage aboue ibe eleny ekj, 
Bycuusi; tlmt je encrepe sntl amplj'ly 
The brulid Britons of Bratus Albion, 

That welny was losle when that we were gtmb 

Poeta SieltoH to Maister Gower. 

MaUter Gowei*, I baue nothyng deserued 
To hauti BO laudabjle a commendacion: 

To yow thre tliis boiior ehalbe re^erued, 

ArrectiijgK vnto your wyse examiDacioD ■ 
How all (liat I do is vnder reffonnalion. 

Fur only the suhstunre of that I entend, 

la glad to please, and loth lo offend. 

Maysfer Chaucer to Sktiton, 
Counterwayng your hesy delygence 

Of that we beganne in the supplement, 
Eoforcid ar wb you to reoompence, 

or all our booll collage by the agreamenl, 
That we shall brynge you personally preasnl 
Of noble Fame before the Quenea grace, 
In whose court poynted ia your place. " 

Poeta Sketton anneerylh. 

noble Chaucer, wbos pullisshyd eloquence 
Oure Englysshe rude so fresshely bath Ktou', 

That bounde ar we with all deu reuerente, 
With all our sirength tbat we can brynge nbwli 
To WiH to yow our gemyce, and more if ** 


But what sholde I say? ye wote what I entende, 
Wbiche glad am to please, and loth to offend e. 

Mayster Lydgate to Shelton. 

So am I preuentid of my brethern tweyne 
In rendrynge to you thankkis meritory, 

That welny nothynge there doth remayne «i 

Wherwitu to geue you my regraciatory, 
But tnai JL poynt you to be prothonatory 

Of Fames court, hy all our holl assent 

A^uaunced by Pallas to laurell preferment. 

Poeta Shelton answeryth. 

So haue ye me far passynge my meretis extollyd, 
Mayster Lidgate, of your accustomable 

Bownte, and so gloryously ye haue enroUyd 
My name, I know well, beyonde that I am 

That but if my warkes therto be agreable, 

I am elles rebukyd of that I intende, «o 

Which glad am to please, and lothe to ofiende. 

So finally, when they had shewyd there deuyse, 
Vnder the forme as I sayd tofore, 

I made it straunge, and drew bak ones or twyse, 
And euer they presed on me more and more, 
Tyll at the last they forcyd me so sore. 

That with them I went where they wolde me 

Vnto the pauylyon where Pallas was syttyng. 

■^Ltte rycbe palace of tbe Qa«ne«f Fbim| ■ 
K^al k here what the wrl u hjm t^ 
B callid to anawere » tus name : 
Be forthwith she mmie praclnme, 
MBod poetis shulda tlnifer go before, 
1 ibe prese that there ««$. lesse anl 

Ifcwith, I saj, thus waodrTnge in mj ibooght, 
tt>>« it wHd, or elles wiibiD what howiis, 
tiM* ■><*! lell you, bat ifaal I was hrooghl 
two a palace with tum^ttis and lowiu, 
Ei^ltrid goodlj with hallis and bowiis, * 
St» ctiHousl/, go cTHfielj, so coonjniglj >-row^ 
Xhat all the worlde, I irowe, and it were £oa^[| 

Suohe an other ibere coude no num fvude; 

Wherof partely I purpose lo expounde, 
Vbflcd it remanjib fressbe in mj mynde. 

With turkis and grossolitis enpaajd woe Ac 
grounde ; 

Of birralt eobosid wer the pj-Uers rowndei 
Ol etephaotia tetbe were tbe palace gatis, 
£nlo^oged with manj goodly platie 

Of golde. entachid with nuuir Bpi«cTDi»«loirti' ' 
An hundred fleppi^ mountyng to the \ttJ\e, 
r, anolber of wbalts bone i 


Of dyamauntis pointed was the rokky wall ; 

The carpettis within and tappettis of pall ; 
The chambres hangid with clothes of arace ; 
!Enuawtjd with rubies the vawte was of this 

Thus passid we forth, walkynge vnto the pretory 
Where the postis wer enbulyoned with saphiria 
indj blew, 
Englasid glittering with many a clere story ; 
lacinctis and smaragdis out of the florthe they 
grew : «» 

Vnto this place all poetis there did sue, 
Wherin was set of Fame the noble Quene, 
All other transcendynge, most rychely besene, 

Vnder a gloryous cloth of astate. 

Fret all with orient perlys of Garnate, 

Encrownyd as empresse of all this worldly fate, 
So ryally, so rychely, so passyngly ornate, 
It was excedyng byyonde the commowne rate: 

This hous enuyrowne was a myle about ; 

If xii were let in, xii hundreth stode without. 48f 

Then to this lady and souerayne of this palace 
Of purseuantis ther presid in with many a 
dyuerse tale ; 
Some were of Poyle, and sum were of Trace, 
Of Lymerik, of Loreine, of Spayne, of Port- 


Fromu K'apula, from Xnuern, and rrom Bonii- 
Some frum FlaunderB, gum fro the se costs, 
Some from iJie maynu lande, eome fro the Freosclie 

With, How doth the north ? what tj-dyngis in lie 


The west is wyndy, the est is metely wele t 

It is harde to tell of euery manoes mouthe ; ■ 

A. sUpper holds the taile is of an ele. 

And he haltith often that hath a kjbyhele; 

Some shewid hia satfecundtght, some shewid his 

Some lokyd full emothelj, and had a fala quarter; 

With, Sir, I pray you, a lytyll tyne stande baoksi 
And lette me come in to delyuer my lettre: 

Another tolde how shyppes wenle to wrak ; 
There were many wordea smaller and gretter, 
With, I as good as thou, Ifaylh and no belier; 

Some Clime lo tell trenlh. some came to lye, '" 

Some came lo flater, some came to spye: 

There were, I say, of all maner of sortis, 

Of Dertmouth, of Plummouth, of PortiMi»»lfc 

Tlie bur^eia and the ballyuia of the t p 

With, Now let me come, and ni 
And all lyme wandred I ihus ti 


Tyll at the last theis noble poetis thre 
Vnto me sayd, Lo, syr, now ye may so 

Of this high courte the dayly besines ; 

From you most we, but not longe to tary ; m 
Ix), hither commyth a goodly maystres, 

Occupacyon, Famys regestary, 

Whiche shall be to you a sufTerayne accessary, 
With syngular pleasurs to dryue away the 

And we shall se you ageyne or it be pryme. 

When they were past and wente forth on there 

This gentilwoman, that callyd was by name 
Occupacyon, in ryght goodly aray. 

Came towarde me, and smylid halfe in game ; 

I sawe hir smyle, and I then did the same ; sat 
With that on me she kest her goodly loke ; 
Vnder her arme, me thought, she hade a boke. 

Occupacyoun to Skelton. 

Lyke as the larke, vpon the somers day. 

Whan Titan radiant burnisshith his bemis 

Mountith on hy with her melodious lay. 
Of the soneshyne engladid with the lyght. 
So am I supprysed with pleasure and delyght 

To se this how re now, that I may say, 

How ye ar welcome to this court of aray. 

VOL. II. 13 


Of your aqueintaunce I was in tymes past, «■ 
v^ Of studyous doctryne when at the port sala 

Ye fyrste aryuyd ; whan broken was your mast 

Of worldly trust, then did I you rescu ; 

Your storrae dryuen shyppe I repared new, 
So well entakeled, what wynde that euer blowe, 
No stormy terapeste your barge shall ouerthrow. 

Welcome to me as hertely as herte can thynke, 

Welcome to me with all my hole desyre ! 
And for my sake spare neyther pen nor ynke; 
- Be well assurid I shall aquyte your hyre, « 

Your name recountynge beyonde the lande of 
From Sydony to the mount Olympyan, 
Frome Babill towre to the hillis Caspian. 

Skelton Poeta answeryth, 

I thanked her moche of her most noble offer, 
AfTyaunsynge her myne hole assuraunce 

For her pleasure to make a large profer, 

Enpryntyng her wordes in my remembraunce, 
To owe her my seruyce with true perseueraunce. 

Come on with me, she sayd, let vs not stonde ; 

And with that worde she toke me by the lionde. 


So passyd we forlhe into the forsayd place, 
With suche communycacyon as came to out 

mynde ; 
And then she sayd, Whylis we haue tyme ^-^^ 


To walke where we lyst, let va somwhat fynde 
To pus the tyme witli, but let Vij WHst no wyade, 

For ^'dle iangelers hiiue but lyiill braitie ; 

Wordcs be swordea, and hard Co call ngeine. 

' Into a felde abe brougbt me wyde anil large, 

Sowallyd Hboute with the stony flint, 
' Strongly enbaleld, raoche co^lious of charge : n" 
To walke on this walle she bed 1 sholde not 

Go softly, she sayd, the stones be full glint. 
She went before, and bud mc lake good holds: 
1 eawe a ihowsunde ysitis ni^w and olJe, 

Then quesiionyd I her what thos yalia raent ; 
Wherlo she anaweryd, and breuely me tolde, 

How i'rom the est vnto the Occident, 

And trom the aowlh vnto the north so colde, 
Theis yatrs, she sayd, which llial ye beholde, 

Be issuis and portis from all manerofnacyons; « 

Andseryoualy she shewyd me iher denomiuacyons. 

They had wrylyng, sum Greke, sum Ebraw, 
Some Uomaine letters, as I vnderslode ; 

'Some were olde wryten, sura were wi'iten new. 
Some careclis of Caldy, sum Frensshe was i'ull 

Bui one gale specyally, where as I slode, 
Ead granin in it of calcydony a capylall A ; 
' VHiat yale call ye this? and she ?ayd, Anglia. 


The beiJynge iherof was |JUsSj*nge commendublei 
Wlieron siode a. Ivbtuu'd, crowned witli golile 
and slones, " 

Terrible of coumeuaunce and pasi^ytige formrd- 
As quikly lowchjd as it were flesslie and bones, 
As g»sily Ibai glarjs, as grimlj that gninis, 
As Tersly fi'ovriijnge as he had bea lyglitfng. 
And wtih his forme foote he sliokc forihe ihii 
wrytj-ng : 


Furmidanda nimis JovU ultima Julmina toStti 
Unguibus irepumt ioca liagvla iivida earvit 
Quam modo per Pkabft nummot raplnra Crlavo; 
Jmia, lues, luctut, feL, vi$, j'raut, barbara UUia, 
Jfiile modi's erras odium tibi qumrere Mardt: " 
Spreto tpineto eedal taliunca roseto, ^M 

Then I me lent, and loked oaer the nail: ^^H 

InDumeriible people presed lo euerj- gale; 
Shel were the galis; Ihei might wel knock anJ 

And turne home agejne, for they com nl to tatc 
I her demaund<.-d of them and Iber a:^Iale: 

Forsoibe, qaod she, iheya be haskardis bdi] 

Pfsers, carder^ lumblars with gambawdts, ■ 

a CBGoaiiidiicoa > ex iodni 
I CatrmmAiaml Prapettj ' 

[SikNU^l J 


Furdrers of loue, with baudry aqueinted, 

Brainles blenkardis that blow at the cole, sw 
Fals for.qjers of mony, for kownnage atteintid, 
Pope holy ypocrytis, as they were golde and 

Powle hatchettis, that prate wyll at euery ale 
Ryot, reueler, railer, brybery, theft. 
With other condycyons that well myght be left: 

Sume fayne themselfe folys, and wolde be callyd 
Sum medelynge spyes, by craft to grope thy 
Sum dysdanous dawcokkis that all men dispyse, 
Fals flaterers that fawne thd, a:?d kurris of 

That speke fayre before th(5 and shrewdly 
behynde ; ea 

Hither they come crowdyng to get them a name, 
But hailid they be homwarde with sorow and 

With that I herd gunnis russhe out at ones, 
Bowns, bowns, bowns ! that all they out cryde; 

It made sum lympe legged and broisid there 
bones ; 
Sum were made penysshe, porisshly pynk iyde, 
That euer more after by it they were aspyid ; 

And one ther was there, I wondred of his hap, 

For a gun stone, I say, had all to-iaggid his cap. 


Furdrers ofloue, with baudry arj»;*:: i, 
^ Brainles blenkardis that blow a: r.-r 'j^>.. •• 
^ als for.aers of mon J, for kowiiii?i^«r >--*■•: .'.. 
^ope holj jpociytis, as th*'y wrJ'r ^,1.** tun 

Powie hatchettis, that prate wvJJ <,% *-u»r- <**• 
^yot, reueler, railer, brjbery, thr^f-, 
vuh other condycyons that well W4y:r-.«' 1^ ♦^■• 

Sume fayne themselfe folys, and vvv.Ci» w -^a.^.y 
oum medelynge spyes, by cra't n •;'*»»' •«» 
dysdanous dawcokkis that a': itMri CUn- j 
flaterers that fawne th'L »*-•< .*»»'•■<■.- r 
•iM*kp favre before xui *•«• tf«--v •!•* 



Ruggid, Rnd diiggiJ, and cunnjnglj- cut ; 
Tbe bla^te of tlie brynsloii blew aw 

Ma^id as a marche hare, he ran lyke a scut;-' 
And, sir, amonge ail me tbuugbt I saw twaine, 
The one was a tumblar, that afierwarde againe 
Of a dysour, a deuyl way, grew a ientilman, 
Fers Prater, ibe secund, ibaC quai'illis hegiinnei 

With a pellit of peuisshenes Ihey bad suche 

That all the dayes of iher lyfe shall 8tyi 

iher I'ybbis : 
Foo, foUly bawdias ! Bum sraellid of the sraokei 
J saw dyuei-s that were cariid away theos in 

cribbis, "i 

Dasyng after dotrellis, lyke drunkardia thul 




tiiiuyllis with taumpini 

Moche miscbet'e, I byght you, 

r towchid and 


Sometyme, as it fiemyth, wlien (he 

By raeanys of a grossly endarkyd clowde. 

Sodenly is edipsid in the wynler night, 

In lyke maner of wyse a myst did vs Bhroffiel 
But wele may ye lliynk I was no thyng pTO'«i' 

Of that auen[urb, whiebe made me «ore ngiiet. 

In derkeiiea thus dwelt wcj tyll at ibe lust ■ 


The clowdis gan to clere, the myst was rarifiid : 
In an herber I saw, brought where I was, 

There birdis on the brere sange on euery syde ; 
With aljs ensandid about in compas, 
The bankis enturfid with singular solas, 

Enrailid with rosers, and vinis engrapid ; 

It was a new comfort of sorowis escapid. 

In the middis a coundight, that coryously was 
With pypes of golde engusshing out stremes ; 

Of cristall the clerenes theis waters far past, ew 
Enswymrayng with rochis, barbellis,and brerais, 
Whose skales ensilured again the son beames 

Englisterd, that ioyous it was to beholde. 

Then furthermore aboute me my syght I reuolde, 

Where I saw growyng a goodly laurell tre, 
Enuerdurid with leuis contynually grene ; 

Aboue in the top a byrde of Araby, 

Men call a phenix ; her wynges bytwene 
She bet vp a fyre with the sparkis full kene 

■ With braunches and bowghis of the swete olyue, 

Wbos flagraunt flower was chefe preseruatyue sn 

^ Ageynst all infeccyons with cancour enflamyd, 
Ageynst all baratows broisiours of olde. 

a Oliva speciosa in campis. [Side Note.] 

b Nota excellentiam virtutis in oliva. [Hide Note.] 


It pusiiii hII basf'inys tlotl eiier were namjd, 
Or guniniU of Saiiy so (lercl/ liiat be solde; 
There hlnvi iu that gard^nge a soft pip'j'BE 

Etibrelhyng of ZL'|jherus wUli his pteasajit wjrnAfi 
All frutifl and llowris grew there in Ihere kynfc. 

Drjadea there daunsid vpon that gtxxll]' Goile, 
With the iij-ne Muses, Pierides bjr Oiunei 

Phillip and Tec'talis, iher trfJisis with OjUt 
Wure newl^ enbjbid ; and roveod nbout tha 

Grene ire of laurel! moche solac^us game 
They m.ide, with chape Uettes and 

And forraest of all datne Flora, the queue 

Of somer, so farmally she fotid the danoce ; 
There Cinllieus =at twjnklyng vpou hb harp! 

And lopas lijs inslrament did auaunce. 
The poemis and sloris auncient inhryogis 
Of Aililas asirology, and many noble iUyngi»i * 
Of wandrjng of ihe mone, the course of ibti suih 
or luen and of besiis, and whereof Ihey brgone) 


Ihynge occasionyd the Khowris of rt 

fyre eieinentar in his supr<;nie 

And of lltui pule arlike whiclie dolh re 
Bcbyiide the tuile of Vrsa so clere; 


Of Pliades he prechid with ther drowsy chere, 
Immoysturid witli mislyng and ay droppyng dry, 
And where the two Trions a man shold aspy, 

And of the winter days that hy them so fast, tm 
And of the wynter nyghtes that tary so longe, 

And of the somer days so longe that doth last, 
And of thuir shorle nyghtes ; he hrowght in his 


How wronge was no ryght, and ryght was no 

wronge : 

There was counteryng of carollis in meter and 

So many, that longe it were to reherse. 

Occupacyon to Skelton, 

How say ye ? is this after your appetite ? 

May this contente you and your mirry mynde? 

Here dwelHth pleasure, with lust and delyte ; 
Contynuall comfort here ye may fy nde, 7i« 

Of wellh and solace no thynge left behynde ; 

All thynge conuenable here is contryuyd, 

Wherewith your spiritis may be reuyuid. 

Poeta Skelton answer yth. 

Questionles no dowte of that ye say ; 

Jupiter hymselfe this lyfe myght endure; 

This ioy excedilh all worldly sport and play, 
Paradyce this place is of syngular pleasure: 
O wele were hym that herof myght be sure. 


Otywmt 4MM*a4 dttw me ttie cootrtu, 
TkM il it, 1*4 where vpon it Eiandis i 

A»J if tkR be b il an* ihrag Bteat, 

yShiamt the •oswm rexlrtii in mr haiiiE^ 
It j^hall be k>£^<rii ful ioae ool uf ihc tuuiJU 

Of iuf]>i A«t; aberftin: }-v 

Ami «f jowr wilt tbe pbinDes shew at large 

X Aaake joo. goodlT^ IlMlv:^I^«^ lo me nX 

That of }iwr boonle so neil li*a« rae m 

Bm n; mtucsl b doi so great a ibjnge, 

TbM I be bmx wbai iboagli ii be disaiiij 

I wB Bvt voiuadid bvi ibat I may be e 

I aoi Bol Wfn of liddrme^ wiib lumpis. 

As da^ (kterdk tbu dncme in ibeir Janipie. 

Kmtc vbai n dwbc, I irov I coniect j 
Gog gviK Ton nood Tere, ]*£ ■ 

Xo", bi: }ruur tiulb, i» not lbi5 ibeScct 
Of joar qiHKilj^tMa te nwke all ihu vhjl 
To VndcRTbuDilc wbo dodlj^ib in 



ad what blunderar is yonder that playtli didil 
diddil ? 740 

B fyndith fals mesuris out of his fonde fiddill. 

terpolata, qua industriosum posttdat inter 
pretem, satira in vatis adversarium. 

essis agasonis species prior, altera Davi : 
icupium cuUcis, limis dum torquet ocellum, 
^ncipit, aligeras rapit, appetit, aspice, muscas ! 
%ia quceque fovet, fovet aut quce Jupiter, aut 

quce " 
'igida Saturnus, Sol, Mars, Venus, algida Luna, 
tlhi contingat verho aut committere scripto, 
lam sihi mox tacita sudant prcecordia culpa ! 
\nc ruit in jiamma^, stimulans hunc urget et 

vocat ad rixas, vanos tamen excitat ignes, tso 
ibra movens tacitus, rumpantur ut ilia Codro, 

17. 4. 7. 2. 17. 5. 18. 

18. 19. 1. 19. 8. 5. 12. 

is name for to know if that ye lyst, 
Enuyous Rancour truely he hight : 
p.ware of hym, I warne you ; for and ye wist 

a Nota Alchimiam et 7 metalla. \Sidt Noit.\ 


".low daungeious it were to stande in his Ij^ 
\r,» wukle not dele with hym, thowgh that je 
V'H' bv his deuelljsshe drift and graceles prouisioo 
.Vji hole reame he is able to set at deuysion: 

b^or when he spekyth fayrest, then thynketh he 

raoost vH ; 

Full gloi yously can he glose, thy mynde for to 

fele \ m 

lie wyll set men a feightynge and syt hymselfe 

sty II, 

And smerke, lyke a smythy kur, at sperkes of 

steile ; 
He can neuer leue warke whylis it is wele; 
To tell all his towchis it were to grete wonder; 
The deuyll of hell and he be seldome asonder. 

Thus (alkyng we went forth in at a postern gate; 
Turnyng on the ryght hande, by a windjng 
She brought me to a goodly chaumber of astate, 
Where the noble Cowntes of Surrey in a 

Sat honorably, to whome did repaire ^ 

Dfladvs a beue with all dew reuerence : 
Syt downe, fay re ladys, and do your diligence I 

Voxuo. forth, ietUylwoinen, I pray you, she sayd; 
1 liaue contryuyd for you a goodly warke, 


And who can worke beste now shall be asayde ; 
; A cronell of lawrell with verduris light and 
I haue deuysed for Skelton, my clerke ; 
■For to his seruyce I haue suche regarde, 
That of our bownte we wyll hym rewarde : 

For of all ladyes he hath the library, rao 

Ther names recountyng in the court of Fame ; 

Of all gentylwomen he hath the scruteny, 
In Fames court reportynge the same ; 
For yet of women he neuer sayd shame, 

But if they were counterfettes that women them 

That list of there lewdnesse with hym for to brail. 

With that the tappettis and carpettis were layd, 

Whereon theis ladys softly myglit rest. 
The saumpler to sow on, the lacis to enbraid ; 789 
To weue in the stoule sume were full preste ; 
With slaiis, with tauellis, with hedellis well 
The frame was browght forth with his weuyng 

Ood geue them good spede there warke to begin ! 

Sume to enbrowder put them in prese, 

Well gydyng ther glowtonn to kepe streit theyi 
Sum pirlyng of goldde theyr worke to encrese 

mm ' 

JLiiL "^fTi'Lii m.*t z.:-AZ i«]C!3wnt* jc ^a^^ an hew, 
ijr^ae. T^ir^. :a¥^J. T-iija;. biiai. porpil], aid 

'3r 'rr-ikrn -vi^-ki:? Trr^ii:rii: aaaj a ajDodlj thjDgi 
Li i'JL:Z^':z. in rimj-z^K. la. rforiasliTiig of 

W.:j. T-r.-'i ri:":«r:ii«i a"-l rraes arspl howris; 
An«i r"i-" :r :!i*r^n: bown:* tha* went thev bent 

For '17 ..r-.--rr £:• :.itrr en-irruourment, « 
Ar. . - . 7 - . 17 ?^vr how :a<: :o warkt iher fall: 
T: J . IT r-:r..zi:ra-n*^ whcrt"-»r^ ve must call 

In j.'i'l.v . :rlr5 Llrsajr.ilv comprvsid, 

W::.. : 7 ;.-7 .\\-::a:v.::i5 of bentfuolence, 
O.: ..--v .;'/.. ?^h:i uritrr voar fuculie, 

S:::. ; '- -'^ >: iriis ;-.5.»ive it by pretence 
Or" •■ . ■J7 ^:■o:•r^^vo•Jn vnto vmanTie, 
Gjmiw-rrifvrig your proces at'ter there degre, "H 

To i''r.»i ''f th^fm rendrvng thankis commendable, 

With sentence tructuous and termes couenable. 


Poeta Skelton. 

Auaunsynge my selfe sum thanke to deserue, 
I me determynyd for to sharpe my pen, 

Deuoutly arrectyng my prayer to Mynerue, 
Slie to vowchesafe me to informe and ken ; 
To Mercury also hertely prayed I then, 

Me to supporte, to helpe, and to assist, 

To gyde and to gouerne my dredfull tremlyng 

As a mariner that amasid is in a stormy rage, 
Hardly bestad and driuen is to hope sao 

Of that the tempestuows wynde wyll aswage. 
In trust wherof comforte his hart doth grope, 
From the anker he kuttyth the gabyll rope, 

Committyth all to God, and lettyth his shyp ryde; 

So I beseke Ihesu now to be my gyde. 

To the ryght noble Connies of Surrey, 

After all duly ordred obeisaunce. 
In humble wyse as lowly as I may, 

Vnto you, madame, I make reconusaunce, 

My lyfe endurynge I shall both wryte and say, 
Recount, reporte, reherse without delay 84o 

The passynge bounte of your noble astate, 

Of honour and worshyp which hath the formal 

Lyke to Argyua by iust resemblaunce. 
The noble wyfe of Polimites kynge ; 

T\ iiifc III KefaccoL of wboree remcmbraiincc 

Thit Bfbte ■nkiib; with whos clou.! tTnjnze 

T«Kr MoUe dancDMtr b MMnternama^ 

Wkas pa-ijj^gii boanle, and tt^I noUe aslaie, 

Of kaaaormd vorsiup it haib tke funnar dRie. 

Tb* abUe PlunpLiia, <]iMne of the Grvkb tondr. 

llabilliaicatis rojall foaixie ant iDduslrionsWi 
'n*a>Fr 9l« vrou^rbt wHIi her ^oodljr hoode * 

Unny dtui^$ pa^ynge cartiooslT ; 

Wbofn« ve reprtisent and ex<Mii|ilUy, 
Wbos p^synge bounle, an<) i^^ht noble wlkte^ 
Of honour und worship ii baih ili« rorouu' iau. 

Aa dame TImraarys, whiche lokt ihe kjng of 

Cirus by name, as wrjiiiii the siotT) 
Dame Agrijipina also I mav rebene 
Olientyll torage ibe ]>er{>ght n 
So sHhII your name endure perprttralff* a 
Whos pn^syng bounle, and rygLt nvMe m 
Of lionour and woreliip ii liaiti Ibe fi 

To my ladg EUtahelh Bincante. 
To be your runiembrauncer, DmiiMaev I •■■ 
Lyke to Arynii, maydenly of pORe, 
Of veriu and konnyng the well and perfghl 

le dame Nature, as wele I may npetie. 


Hath fresshely enbewtid with many a goodly 
Of womanly feturis, whos florysshyng tender age 
Is lusty to loke on, plesaunte, demure, and sage : 

Goodly Creisseid, fayrer than Polexene, sn 

For to enuyue Pandarus appetite ; 

Troilus, I trowe, if that he had you sene, 
In you he wolde haue set his hole delight : 
Of all your bewte I suffyce not to wryght ; 

But, as I sayd, your florisshinge tender age 

Is lusty to loke on, plesaunt, demure, and sage. 

To my lady Mirriell Howarde. 

Mi litell lady I may not leue behinde, 

But do her seruyce nedis now I must ; 
Beninge, curteyse, of ientyll harte and mynde, sao 
Whome fortune and fate playnly haue discust 
lionge to enioy plesure, delyght, and lust : 
The enbuddid blossoms of roses rede of hew 
With lillis whyte your bewte doth renewe. 

Compare you I may to Cidippes, the mayd. 
That of Aconcyus whan she founde the byll 

In her bosome, lorde, how she was afrayd ! 
The ruddy shamefastnes in her vysage fyll, 
Whiche maner of abasshement became her not 

Bight so, madame, the roses redde of hew sm 

With lillys whyte your bewte dothe renewe. 

VOL. II. 14 


To my lady Anne Dakera oflhe 

Ileuses, tliat enpicturid fare Elene the queue, 
You to deuyse liie crafte were to seke ; 

And if Apelles your countenaunce bad sene, 
Of porturature which was Ihe famous Grekp, 
He coude not deuyse the lest poynt of yuur 

Princes of yowth, and flowre of goodly port^. wm 
Vertu, conyng, solace, pleasure, comforte. Mfl 

Paregall in honour vnto Penolepe, -^^ 

Thnt for her Irowth is in remembraunce had; 

Fayre Diianira surmounfynge in bewte; •" 

Demure Diana womanly and sad, 
Whos lusty lokis make heuy hartis glad; 

Princes of youth, and (Jowre of goodly porle, 

Vertu, connyng, solace, pleasure, comforte. 

To mistrss Margery Wentworthe. 
With niargerain ientjll, 

The flowre of goodlyhede, 
Enbrowdred the mantill 

Is of your raaydenhede. 
Plainly I can not glosej flU 

Ye be, as I deuyne, ^^M 

The praty primrose, ^^^| 

The goodly columbyne, 
Wiih margerain iantiUt 

The flowre-A 


Enbrawderyd the manlyll 

Is of yowre maydenhede. 
Benynge, corteise, and meke, 

With wordes well deuysid ; 
In you, who list to seke, nt 

Be vertus well comprysid. 
With margerain iantill, 

The flowre of goodlyhede, 
Enbrawderid the noantill 

Is of yowr maydenhede. 

To mastres Margaret Tylney. 
I you assure, 
Ful wel I know 
My besy cure 
To yow I owe ; 

Humbly and low m 

Comraendynge me 
To yowre bownte. 

As Machareus 
Fayre Canace, 
So I, iwus, 
Endeuoure me 
Your name to se 
It be enrolde, 
Writtin with golde. 

Phedra ye may tM 

Wele represent; 
Intentyfe ay 
And dylygent, 

sau-ikde of laurllu 

No tj-me myspeni j 
Wherfbre deljght 
I haue to wbiyght 

Of Miirgai-iie, 
PerJe orient, 
Le(ie slerre of \yght, 
Moi;lie relucent; 
Mai] am e regent 
I may you call 

Of V. 


To ma^itrei lane Blenner^Haiitt. 

Wbal though my penne tsax faynt, 
And hath siaale lust to pfunt? 
Yet shall there no restraynt 
Cause me to cese, 
Amonge this prese, 
For to encresa 
Yowre goodly name. 

I wyll my selfe appljc, 
Trust me, ententifly. 
Tow for to stellyfye ; 
And io obserue 
That ye ne swanie 
For to desenie 
Inniortall fame. 

Sith mistres lane Haiset 
Smale flowrea helpt to sett 
In my goodly chapelet, " 

Therfore I render of her the memorj 
Vnto the legend of tare Lttodomi. 


To maystres IsabeU PennelL 

By saynt Mary, my lady, 
Your mammy and your dady 
Brought forth a godely babi I 

My mayden Isabell, 
Reflaring rosabell, 
The flagrant camamell ; 

The ruddy rosary, 
The souerayne rosemary, » 

The praty strawbery ; 

The columbyne, the nepte, 
The ieloffer well set, 
The propre vyolet ; 

Enuwyd your colowre 
Is lyke the dasy flowre 
After the Aprill showre ; 

Sterre of the morow gray. 
The blossom on the spray, 9» 

The fresshest flowre of May ; 

Maydenly demure, 
Of womanhode the lure ; 
Wherfore I make you sure. 

It were an heuenly helth, 
It were an endeles welth, 
A lyfe for God hyraselfe, 

To here this nightingale, 
Amonge the byrdes smale, 
Warbelynge in the vale, 
Dug, dug, 10* 

lug, iug, 


ImtiU a* & 

Or hawfce oTlke M 

Wilb mImc Md 
Mocbe ninbe aad as ■ 
All good aod ao bada4 
So ioyoual;, 
Su (naydeolj, 
Ho woinautj 
Her dcmenyog 
In yuery th^Dge, 
l''iir, far poMjnga 
'I'liut I can endj^^ 
Or Buflyce to wry^t 
Of niirrj Mai^aret^ 
Alt mjdsonier flowre, 
Tdiiiyll as afawconn 
Or liiitvke of the lowre ; 

A* (uiuient and aa styll, 
Anil us full of good wyll, 
Ah fiiyre haphill ; 
Swots pomauader, 
Quod cassnunder; 
Swdfit^t of thought, 


Wele made, wele wrought; vm 

Far may be sought 

Erst that ye can fynde 

So corteise, so kynde 

As mirry Margarete, 

This midsomer flowre, 

lentyll as fawcoun 

Or hawke of the towre. 

To mastres Geretrude Statham. 

Though ye wer hard hertyd, 

And I with you thwartid 

With wordes that smartid, wm 

Yet nowe doutles ye geue me cause 

To wryte of you this goodli clause, 

Maistres Geretrude, 

With womanhode endude. 

With virtu well renwde. 

I wyli that ye shall be 
In all benyngnyte 
Lyke to dame Pasiphe ; 
For nowe dowtles ye geue me cause 
To wryte of yow this goodly clause, im 

Maistres Geretrude, 
With womanhode endude. 
With vertu well renude. 

Partly by your councell, 
Garnisshed with lawrell 
Was my fresshe coronell ; 
Wherfore doutles ye geue me cause 

T* aiT* «f *■■ t^ gM^ daoM, 

ij I hmUlJOtfskL 
kuUt Mf i jw JOMT kjinlnea, 

« mat wrr^ 
[ OflsdbdlEBTfk. 

Ber tfcu is boibe woawdr and wfse, ■ 
And •pvcvallv vhidi glad was to deuvic 
' TbeMcKsto^ade 
To plnse MT Hrade. 

la helpjmg to waike nr tanrdl gwM 

Galttii&ea. tk« nade ■«li tKBcne, 
Was Br«er UWe so fikyn. as 1 « 

Bt Maro. the UaaioaB pnidaM, J 
Vbo t»l TO ivde: 
Bui, and I had kner eooipeleM. 
I coude f Ivrw Toa socbc a |j 
In *«T di-de 


Occupacyon to Skelton, 

Withdrawe your hande, the tjme passis fast; 
Set on your hede this laurell whiche is wrought ; 

Here you not Eolus for you blowyth a blaste ? 
I dare wele saye that ye and I be sought : 
Make no delay, for now ye must be brought low 

Before my ladys grace, the Quene of Fame, 

Where ye must breuely answere to your name. 

Skelton Poeta. 

Castyng my syght the chambre aboute, 
To se how duly ich thyng in ordre was, 

Towarde the dore, as we were comyng oute, 
I sawe maister Newton sit with his compas, 
His plummet, his pensell, his spectacles of glas, 

Dyuysynge in pycture, by his industrious wit, 

Of my laurell the proces euery whitte. 

Forthwith vpon this, as it were in a thought, noo 
Gk)wer, Chawcer, Lydgate, theis thre 

Before remembred. me curteisly brought 
Into that place where as they left me. 
Where all the sayd poetis sat in there degre. 

But when they sawe my lawrell rychely wrought. 

All other besyde were counterfete they thought 

In comparyson of that whiche I ware : 

Sume praysed the perle, some the stones 
bryght ; 


Wele was liym that therei-pon mj-glit srare; 
Of this warke they had eo great delyght. 
The ailke, the golde, the flowris fressbe tt | 
They aejd my lawrell was the goodljest 
That euer ihey Haw, and wrought it v 

In her asiate there sat the noble Qu» 

Of Fame : perceyuyiige how that I was cnm, 

She wenderyd me thought at my laurell greneg 
She lokcd hawlly, and gaue on me a glum : 
Thhere was amonge tbem no worde then bat 

For eche man herkynde what she wolde to me 

Wherof in subalaunce I brought this away. n" 

T/ie Qvene of Fame to SkeUnn. 

My frende, sith ye ar before V3 here preeeot 
To answere vnto this noble audyence, 

Of that shalhe resonde you ye must be contsll| 
And for as moche aa, by the hy pretence 
That ye haue now thorow preemynence 

Of laureat triumphe, your place is here reaeniyd, 

We wyll vndersiande how ye haue it deseruyd. 

SkeUon Poeta to the Quene of Fame, 
Ryght high and mygbty princes of astate, 
In famous glory all other Irnnscendyng, 
Of your bounte the accustomable rate 

e ^P 


Hath bene full often and yet is entendyiig 
To all that to reason is condiscendjng, 
But if hastyue credence by mayntenance of myght 
Fortune to stande betwene you and the lyght: 

But suche euydence I thynke for to enduce, 
And so largely to lay for myne indempnite, 

That I trust to make myne excuse 

Of what charge soeuer ye lay ageinst me ; 
For of my bokis parte ye shall se, 

Whiche in your recordes, I knowe well, be 
enrolde, im 

And so Occupacyon, your regester, me tolde. 

Forthwith she commaundid I shulde take my 
place ; 
Caliope poynted me where I shulde sit : 

With that, Occupacioun presid in a pace ; 
Be mirry, she sayd, be not aferde a whit, 
Your discharge here vnder myne arme is it. 

So then commaundid she was vpon this 

To shew her boke ; and she sayd, Here it is. 

The Quene of Fame to Occupacioun. 

STowre boke of remembrauns we will now that 
ye rede ; 
If ony recordis in nourabyr can be founde, hm 
What Skelton hath compilid and wryton in dede 

Reliersjng bj orUre, anil what is tlic gi-owiide, 
Let se now for lijm how ye can expounde; 

For in owr courte, ye wole wele, his name ran 
not ryse 

But if he wryte oftenner than ones or twyse. 

SkeUon Poela. 
With (hat of the boke losende were the daepic: 
The margent was iliumynid aU with goWoi 
And byse, enpicturid with gresaoppes and waspi^ 
With buiteriilyis and fressfae pecoke (ayliat 
Enflorid with flowria and elymy enaylis; "* 
Ennyuid picturis well towchid and quikly; 
Jt wolde haue made a mnn bole that liad be rygbl 

To beholde how it was gamysshyd and boonde, 
Encoucrde ouer with golde of tissew fyne,' 

The clajpifl and bullyona were worth a thouMOiie , 
pounde ; I 

With balassis and charbuncles the bordeW itt 

With auTum musicum euery other lyne 
Was wry tin: and bo she did her spede, 
Oc'-'upacyopn, inmedially to rede. 


\ tjccicpaci/oun reditk and expotind^h sum partt 
of Skeltona bokes and haladU with dids of 
plesure, in as tnoe/ie as it were to longe a proces 
to raherse all hy name that he hath oompylyd. 

Of your oratour and poete laureate" nn 

Of Englande, bis workis here lliey begynue : 
\^pnmi3 ihe Boke of Honorous Astsiie; 

3 Ibe Buke bow meu ebulde fle synue; 
1 Eojall Demenaunce worsLjp to wyune; 
^.the Boke to speke well or be styll ; 
B to lerne you to dye wben ye wyll ; 

Of VertU-alao tbe souerayne enlerludei' 

The Boke of tbe Rosiar; Prince A rluris Crea- 

The False Faylh tbat now golb, which dayly is 
Item Lis Diologgis of Ymagynacyoun ; "" 

Item Aiitomedon ' of Louea Meditacyoun ; 

a Honor e 

nnbilitat si 

LieractiviB operationii! eigiiiim: Arislotlles. 

it fiw b 

Nob lilt 


ntione tscere: Cnlo. Mon ultima linea rerum; Horot. 
\Bidt Nott.] 

i Virtuli omnia parent I SuJust. Nusqanm tula Bdes: Vtt>- 
(^liot. Be» est soliciti plena Cimoris Binor: Ovid. SI volet 
onu, quem penei, &o. : Horace. [Side Note-I 
1 .Jnfams&n] Q7. " AutomcdoaV " 


TiMB New Gmnpr in Engljrsshe oompjlj'd i 
liHB Boncbe of Conrte, where Drede wu bfr 

*H» commtdy, Achademios called by nsine; 
~~ OfTnllb Puniliars (lie Iranslacjoun ; 
Item Good Adajsemeot, ihat brainles dotli blame; 
TIm Rcoola ageiu«t Giigiiyne of rhe FrettsU 

_ lien Ibe Poptagaj, ttiat hath id commendl' 

Ladj-es and gcDijlwomen sDche rs deserajd) 
And mcbe as be couDterfettis ihej be teaenjil 

And of Soaeravnte » ooble pampbel«t i ■** 

And of Jlagnyfycence k notable matef , 
How Cownlerfei Cown tens u nee of tbe new get 
With CnSij CoDQeyaunce dotbe smeter ni 

And C]ok«d CoIIacy onn is brought in to dUer 
With Courlelj Abus^oun ; who pryniith it *ele 

Moche dovrblenes of the worlde tberin he bi*J 

■ KoaeattimorDeluitiiXBlwecinini: Psolmo. CooH^ 
lanna tinf^* : Tnltioa. Fan cam conulio, gt in ctona 
Doo pecobii: Silunon. [Sifa /Hit.] 

t Sia mihi lit modoio mslioa papilio: Vatea- DamUW 
t earn la cotupecra rtpio" 

rabicte locom tr 

fagen pndor, Tcnrntqao, Sdeu(DC 


Of manerly maistres Margery Mylke and Ale ; 

To her he wrote many maters of myrthe ; 
Yet, thoughe I say it, therby lyith a tale, laoo 

For Margery wynshed, and breke her hinder 

Lor, how she made moche of her gentyll birth I 
With, Gingirly, go gingerly ! her tayle was made 

of hay ; 
Go she neuer so gingirly, her honesty is gone 

Harde to make ought of that is nakid nought ; * 
This fustiane maistres and this giggisse gase. 

Wonder is to wryte what wrenchis she wrowght. 
To face out her foly with a midsomer mase ; 
With pitche she patchid her pitcher shuld not 
erase ; 

It may wele ryme, but shroudly it doth accorde, 

To pyke out honesty of suche a potshorde : wu 

Patet per versus. 
Hinc puer hie natus ; mr conjugis hinc spoUatus * 
Jure thori ; est fceius Deli de sanguine cretus ; 
Hinc magis extoUo, quod erit puer alter Apollo ; 
Si qtueris qualis ? meretrix castissima talis ; 
JSt relis, et ralis, et reliqualis. 

a De nihilo nihil fit: Aristotiles. Le plus displeysant 
pleiser puent. \Side Note.] 
b Nota. [Side Note.\ 

° ,ldbjn«»«| 

A good herynge of tlies olde talis ; 
Fyniie no mo suche fro Wanfletc to Walis, 
El relirpia omelia de dtversig traet'itihis. 

' Of mj ladya grace at the conlempiacyoun, 
Owt of Frenshe into Efiglysshe proae, i" 

Of Mantles Lyfe the Peregrjnacioun, 

He dill translate, enierprete, and disclose; 
The TratyBB of Triumphia of the Rede Rose. 

Wherein many aloria ar breuely contajned 

That vnremembred longe tyme remayned ; 

The Duke of Torkis creiiuncer whan Skelloo wu, | 
Uow Heni'j the viij, Kyng of Englonde, 

A tratyse he deuysid and browghl it to pas, 
'Callid SpecidumPrifieipu.ta here in hishoode, 
Therin lo rede, and to vnderstantle 

All the demenour of princely astate. 

To bu our Kyng, of God preordinale ; 

•Also the Tunnynge of Elinour Ruinniyn^ 
With Colyn Clowt, lohnn lue, with loforll 

ilns: Nm Imboinua hie civlCttem minentuniKJ 
erquKrimus. Nolat belltiiD CoTDobieDSB, quod lO 

canip^acribus et In putentioribus vaatliqas ■oUtndiuUiiii pnp< 
Grenewiche geatnoi eat. [SidB Nate,] 

6 Eradimlni qui ,jndicE,tiB ternim i Fko. [SUi AoM.! 

e Qaii alabit niBctim adverans opemntes iniqnjcatemf Fm 
Airideiit melius letia plotu jocis: le fsbulia Mxapt [U 



ITo make suche trifels it asketh sum konnyng, 
\ In honest myrth parde requyreth no lack ; 
V The whyte apperyth the better for the black, 
And after conueyauns as the world goos, 
It is no foly to vse the Walshemannys hoos ; 

The vmblis of venyson, the botell of wyne* 1240 
To fayre maistres Anne that shuld haue be sent, 

He wrate therof many a praty lyne, 
Where it became, and whether it went, 
And how that it was wantonly spent ; 

The Balade also of the Mustarde Tarte 

Suche problemis to paynt it longy th to his arte ; 

Of one Adame all a knaue, late dede and gone, — » 
Dormiat in 'pace, lyke a dormows ! — 

He wrate an Epitaph for his graue stone, law 

With wordes deuoute and sentence agerdows, 
For he was euer ageynst Goddis hows, 

All his delight was to braule and to barke 

Ageynst holy chyrche, the preste, and the clarke ; 

Of Phillip Sparow the lamentable fate. 

The doleful! desteny, and the carefuU chaunce. 

a Implentiir veterU Bacchi pinguisque ferinsB: Virgilins. 
Jixxt prodesse volant aut delectare poetae: Horace. [Side 

b Adam, Adam, nbi es? Genesis. Resp. Ubi nulla re- 
qaies, nbi nullus ordo, sed sempiternus horror inhabitat: Job. 
1 8ide Note.] 

VOL. II. 15 


^^^L Dj-uysed by- Skelton after the funerull 


^^^H And gruil(;e tlierat with frownj'nf 


^^H ■ But nbal of lliat P hard it is to please 

all men i 

^^H Who list amende it, let hym set to his 

penne ; i" 

^^^^ For th« gyse now adays 

^^^^L Of gum iangelyng lays 



^^^1 That Ibuy can out amende, 

^^^^1 Though lliey wolde ependu 


^^^1 All the wittis they haue. 

^^^1 Whut aylo them to deprau 

• 9 

^^^^^1 Fhillippe SparowG graueP 

^^^H Can be no derogacyoun, 


^^^H But myrth and conBolaoyoaa 


^^^H Made bj protestaeyoun, 


^^^H No man to myseontent 


^^^H With Phillippis enteremeote. 

^^^H Alas, that goodly mayd, 

^^^1 Why shulde she be afruyd ? 

^^H Why shulde she take fihaioe 

^^^H That her goodly name, 

^^^^1 Honorably reporlid, 

^^H Shulde be set and sortyd, 


^^^1 To he matiicnlale 

^^H With ladyes of astale ? 

^^^H a Etenim pouer iuvenit tibi domuoi: Fealmo. 




I coniure th^, Phillip Sparow, 
By Hercules that hell did harow, 
And with a venomows arow 
Slew of the Epidawris 
One of the Centawris, 
Or Onocentauris, 
Or Plippocentauris ; 
By whos myght and maine isn 

An hart was slayne 
With hornnis twayne 
Of glitteryng golde ; 
And the apples of golde 
Of Hesperides withholde, 
And with a dragon kepte 
That neuer more slepte, 
By merciall strength 
He wan at length ; 

And slew Gerione isot 

With thre bodys in one ; 
With myghty cor rage 
Adauntid the rage 
Of a lyon sauage ; 
Of Diomedis stabyll 
He brought out a rabyll 
Of coursers and rounsis 
With lepes and bounsis ; 
And with myghty luggyng, 
Wrastelynge and tuggyng, laic 

He pluckid the bull 
By the hornid scull, 


And offri^d lo Cornucopia; 
And ao forthe per cetera : 

Also by Hectalvs bowre 
In Plulofigastly towre; 

By the vgly Eumenidea, 

Tlial n 

r ea^e; 

By Ihe V 

'd serpent 
Tba[ in hell is neuer breote, 
Id Lerna the Grekia fen 
That was engendred then ; 

By Cbemeras flainys, 
And all ihe dedely oamys 
or infernall posty, 
WLere suuUs fry and rosty ; 

By the Stigiall Uode, 
And Ihe 5Lrenies wode 
Of Cocbitos bottumles well ; 

By the ferymao of hell, 
Caron with bis berde hore, 
That rowyth with a rude ore. 
And with his trown^id fortop 
Gydiih his bote with a prop: 

I conjure ' Pbillippe, and call 
In the name of Kyng Saul] ; 
Prima Eegvtn expres. 
He bad the Phitones 
To witche craft her to dres, 
And by her abuEioung, 



And damnable illusiouns 

Of meruelous conclusiouns, 

And by her supei^sticiouns 

Of wonderfull condiciouns, 

She raysed vp in that stede 

Samuell that was dede ; 

But whether it were so, 

He were idem in numerOy 

The selfe same Samuell, 

How be it to Saull he did tell iw 

The Fhilistinis shulde hym askry, 

And the next day he shulde dye, 

I wyll my selfe discharge 

To letterd men at large : 
But, Phillip, I coniure th^ 

Now by theys names thre, 

Diana in the woddis grene, 

Luna that so bryght doth shene, 

Proserpina in hell. 

That thou shortely tell, vm 

And shew now vnto me 

What the cause may be 

Of this perplexyte ! 
Inforias, Philippe, tucts Scroupe pulchra Jo- 
[nstanter petiit : cur nostri carminis iUam 
Nunc pudet f est sero ; minor est infamia vera. 

a Phillyppe answeryth. [<Su2e NoUJ\ 


Tlien siicli Ihat haiie diKclayn^dfl 
And of tliis ivorke eotnpiaynyd, 
I pray Grod I bey be paynyd 
No wors than is conlaynyd 
In versea Iwo or llire 
That folowe as je may se ; 
Luride, cur, livor, vohie-rii pia fan 
Talia te rapiant rcgriunt qute fata vobtcren 
Est tamen invidia mart tibi oontinua : 

Tilt Gruntyng and the groycninge of the 
njng swyne i " 
Also the Murnyng of the mapely role; 

How the grene cotierlet sufferd grete pine, 
Whan the £ye net was set fur to catche a QJ 
Struke one with a birdbolt to the Itart rotSH 

Also H deuoute Prayer to Moyses hornis, 

Metrifyde merely, medelyd with scorais ; 

'Of piiiuuntia that were played in loyov 
He wrate ofa muse throw a mud wail ; 

How a do cum trippyng in at the rere warde, 
But, lorde, how the parker was wroth withal 
And of Custell Aungell the feoeatrall, m 

.ergit! G™ 

Pbo. c. Exaltnlinntnr ( 


Glittryng and glistryng and gloryously glasid, 
It made sum mens eyn dasild and dasid ; isss 

The Repete of the recule of Rosamundis bowre,* 
Of his pleasaunt paine there and his glad 
In plantynge and pluckynge a propre ieloflPer 
flowre ; 
But how it was, sum were to rechelcs, 
Not withstandynge it is remedeles ; 
What myght she say ? what myght he do therto ? 
Though lak sayd nay, yet Mok there loste her 
sho ; 

How than lyke a man he wan the barbican * 
With a sawte of solace at the longe last ; 

The colour dedely, swarte, bio, and wan 

Of Exione, her lambis ^ dede and past, i4oo 

The cheke and the nek but a shorte cast ; 

In fortunis fauour euer to endure. 

No man lyuyng, he sayth, can be sure ; 

a Introduxit me in cabiculum suum: Cant. Os fatu»^ 
ebullit stultitiam. Cant. {Side Note.] 

b Audaces fortuna juvat : Virgilius. Nescia mens hoininum 
eortis * fatique futuri : Virgilius. [ Side Note. J 

1 lambis] Marsha's ed. " lambe is," — which may be the 
riglit reading. MS. defective here. 
^fattuB] Altered purposely by Skelton from ^^fatuorwm^ 

of the Vulgate, Prov. xv. 2. (not Cant.) 

• aortiSj yc] ^^fati sortisque futura.^^ JEn, x. 601. 


' first found the olyBel 

• How dame Min 

And plantid it there where ne'Jer before nu 
none ! tmskred 
An fa^nde vnhurt hit by casuelte, not bied 
Becouerd whan the foi^ter was gone ; and iptd 
The benis of the herd began for to grone, aai 
The liuu'Ddes began to yeme and to quest; and 
dred m 

With litell besynes standith moche rest ; t'n M 

*Hia Epitomis of the mjller and Lis ioly make; 
How her ble was bryght as blossom on the 

A wanton wenehe and wele coude bake a cnke^^ 
Tlie myllar was lolb to be out of the waj,^^| 
But yet for all that, be as be may, |^^| 

Whether be rode to SwafThamm or to Somei^^l 

The miliar durst not leue his wyfe at home; 

a OletEijoe Minerra inventrii! GeorgiGornm. Alqoe «r 
mina cervi pulvonilenta {fugaj glomaninC: jEuefd. it. [SUi 

b I>iiiH molentes in pistrino, una asanDietar, altera relJnqiU- 
tur; Isaia*.* Fori* vaitabit anm llmor, et intaxpaTc>r: 1^' 

1 SmB iau Mmenm, fc-] Tha worfa which IhaTOpfinW 
in Italics destroy both sense nnd metrs. Bat thcjr >r« Ibiuri 
in bDlJi eds. SIS. defective here. 

•Pm.] 2)(b(. xixii.2E, where "ForUvsslnhil «nt jl»*( 
•t, &c.-' 



With, Wofully arajd,^ and Shamefully betrayd,* 
Of his makyng deuoute medytacyons ; 

VexiUa regis he deuysid to be displayd ; i4» 

With Sacris solemnns^ and other conteropla- 

That in them comprisid consyderacyons ; 

Thus passyth he the tyme both nyght and day, 

Sumtyme with sadnes, sumtyme with play ; 

Though Galiene and Dioscorides, * 
With Tpocras, and mayster Auycen, 

By there phesik doth many a man ease, 

And though Albumasar can the enforme and 

What const ellacions ar good or bad for men, uqb 

Yet whan the rayne rayneth and the gose wynkith, 

Lytill wotith the goslyng what the gose thynkith ; 

He is not wyse ageyne the streme that stryuith ; • 
Dun is in the my re, dame, reche me my spur ; 

a Opera quae ego facio ipsa perhibent testimonium de me : 
In Evang. &c. [Side Note,] 

6 Honoramedicum; propter necessitatem oreavit eum al- 
tissimns, &c. Superiores constellationes influunt in corpora 
Bubjecta et disposita, &c. Nota. [Side Note.] 

c Spectatum admisse,2risusteneaturamor? Horace. Nota. 
[Side NoU.] 

1 Wofully arayd] See vol. i. p. 165. 

3 Speeiatum admisse^ ^c] ^* Spectaium admissi risum teneaiU, 
andci f '* A. P. 5. Qy. Is the barbarous alteration of this 
line only a mistake of the printer? 


Nedes must be rin thai tbe deuyll drynitb ; 

Wben (be slede is ^lolyn, »partbe stable dat; 

A icnl^ll howtide sbulde neuer phij tbe kar; 
It is Bone aspyed where tile thome prikkilb ; 
And wele woiitb the cat whoa berde ehu likfcitbi 

• Witb Itfarione clarione, sol, lucerne, 

Graund Jutr, of tbi« Fretislie prouerbe olde, "■> 

How men were wonle for fo discerue 

By candelmes day what wedder shuld bolder 

But Marione clarione was caught with a coliic 

toide, (angliee a cokwolde, 

And all ouercast with cloudis rnkynde, 

This goodly flowre with slonnis was vnlwjnde; 

'This ielofier ientyll, ihb to^, this l^rllr flowrt, 
This primeiose pereJes, this propre vy<Jet, 

Thii colucnbyDe dere and fresi^hest of i-oloure. 
This delycate da^y, this strawbery prelely £«ti 
With frowarde frosiis, ala% was all tD-fret ! ■■ 

But who may baue a more vngrscyous lyfe 

Than a chyldis birde and a knauis wyfW ? 

' Thynke what ye wyll '^^^^ 

Of [bid WKOUm byll ; ^^H 

a Luineu xJ rerelationem geDtiiim: Pso. elxzr. ISA 
X<iu.\ |Luc. n.33.) 

t VatOI KKs ral lilivm, O pQlcbemins mulieniis, &(•- 
GhntUMdwii. |S>ie Altl 

■ KoUMTert>i,sif>atiiBnlcru: Grcgqri. \Sii> St-A 


By Mary Gipcy, 

Quod scripsi, scripsi : 

Uxor tua, sicut vitis, 

Hahetis in cusiodtam, 

Ctistodite sicvi scitis, 

Secundum Lucam, S^c, nso 

e Bonehoms of Ashrige besjde Barkamstede, 
at goodly place to Skelton moost kynde, 
'e the sank royall is, Crystes blode so rede, 
tierevpon he metrefyde after his mynde ; 
pleasaunter phice than Ashrige is, harde 

were to fy nde, 
melton rehersith, with wordes few and playne, 
3 distichon made on verses twaine ; 

aocinus in clivo frondetque viret sine rivo, • 
n est sub diva similis sine jiumine vivo ; 

N^acyoun of Folys he left not behynde ; * "to 
m Apollo that whirllid vp his chare, 
made sum to snurre and snuf in the wynde ; 
made them to skip, to stampe, and to stare„ 
biche, if they be happy, haue cause to beware 
ming and raylyng with hym for to mell, 
drede that he lerne them there A, B, C, to 

)ta pennriam aquae, nam canes ibi hauri'int ex puteo 
no. {Side Note.\ 

iltorum infinitus est numerus, &c. : Ecclesia. Factum 
n Apollo esset Corinthi : Actus Apostolonim. Stimu-^ 
> pectore vertit Apollo : Virgilius. {Side Note,\ 


Pueta Siellon. 
With llmt I stode vp, halfu sodenly afraj'dj 

Supplej'ng lo Fame, I besought her grace, 
And ihut it wolde please her, full teuderlf I 

Owt of her bokis Apotlo to rnse. " 

Nay, sir, Shu sayd, what bo in this place 
' Of our noble wiurie is ones s[H>keD owte, 
II must nedes after rin all the worlde abouie. 

God wote, thets wordes made me full sad; 

And when that I eawe it wolde no better be, 
But that my peticyon wolde Dot be had, 
What ebulde I do but take it in gre ? 
*Foi', by Juppiler aod his high magest^ 
1 did what I cowde to «:rape out the ectdlif^ 
Apollo to rase out of her ragman rollis. 

■Now hereof it erkilh me lengei Ii 


To Occupacyon I wyll agayiie resorle, 

Wliiehe redde on slill, oa it cam to her syglt, 

Kendrynge my deuiais I made in dispone 

Of the Mayden of Kent callid Counforte, 

Of Louers teaiameDtis and of there wanton wytliit 

And how loUaa louyd goodly Phillis ; 

a Fuaa replsM niBli* peniicubiu CToUl ulis, &a. \^ 


h Ego quiaem tarn Psnli, ego Apollo: Corr». [5Ui M*l 

c Molo me Cultttm peUt, lueiva pnellii Vii:^Qi> D'^ 

cBrUSjCODCcdetlollu: 3. Buool. [SUaiWi 


Diodorus Siculus of mj translacjon 

Out of fresshe Latine into owre Engljsshe 
Becountjng commoditis of manj a straunge 
nacyon ; * um 

Who redyth it ones wolde rede it agayne ; 
Sex volumis engrosid together it doth containe : 
3ut when of the laurell she made rehersall, 
■All orators and poetis, with other grete and 

^ thowsande thowsande, I trow, to my dome,^ 

IViumphaf triumpha I they cry id all aboute ; 
Of trumpettis and clariouns the noyse went to 
The starry heuyn, me thought, shoke with the 

showte ; 
The grownde grouid and tremblid, the noyse 
was so stowte : 
Xhe Quene of Fame commaundid shett fast the 
boke ; uio 

And therwith sodenly out of my dreme I woke. 

a Mille hominam species, et remm discolor usos: HoraceJ 
[<SMfe NaU,\ 

b Millia miUium et decies xnillies centena millia, &c. : 
Apocalipsis. Virtate^ senatum laureati possident: Eccle- 
Biastica. Gauit'. [Side NoU.] 

1 Sorace] Persius, V. 62. 

s VirMe] Faukes's ed. (which alone has these marginal 
ikotes) ** Ftte." The reference ** Cauit''* I do not understand. 



Uy mjnUe of flie greie din was somdtle nmiaiii 
I wj[Hd mjne enie for (o make ihem clere; 

Then (o the heura sperjcull rpwanle I gasid, 
Where 1 saw laaus, wiih his double chere, 
Makynge his almannk for ihe new yere ; 

He luroyd his tirikkts. Lis volue]l ran fast; 

Good luk this new yere ! the olde yere h pasl. 
' Jfetu tibi sit eoittulla,pefig? ticcongiiletae»ti: 
^ntaia til Jani, retro speeuletar ft ante. * 

Stttiow aUoqttiiur Ubrunt nncn*. 
^e, Bntcat»onaii lux radtoaa, firiVawnm 
OanmmamotlrapiumvestrumctkiraU Cattt^MJ 

JXtitt, St^oiiis rater Adonis erat ; 

Didu, Stdtimi* wetter Homenta erat. 
BarAara emm Latia pariter jam cvrriU cwrtv ,' 
Et Ueri est itriopart maxiMa tcrUt JBniaam, 

JioH moffit tiKvnMpto ncttra TiioUa p^Uet, 

Est moffis iitcuka mec mea OaSioye. 
Ver r(« pttmiteat hporit tela tu&ire, 
Vm rotpamHat ratiem t^erart etmiitam, * 
^^iN JWaro tiitsimiht non tttlit iOs minat, 
M* KK enim Afiua Xaaomt trot 

Go, Htill qnaire, 
Drmene yon &ire ; 


Take no dispare, 

Though I you wrate 

After this rate 

In Englysshe letter ; 

So moche the better 

Welcome shall ye iwa 

To sum men be : 

For Latin warkis 

Be good for clerkis ; 

Yet now and then 

Sum Latin men 

May happely loke 

Vpon your boke, 

And so pi-ocede 

In you to rede, 

That so indede 

Your fame may sprede 

In length and brede. 

But then I drede 

Ye shall haue nede 

You for to spede 

To hamnes bryght, 

By force of myght, 

Ageyne enuy 

And obloquy : 

And wote ye why ? 

Not for to fyght 

Ageyne dispyght, 

Nor to derayne 

Batayle agayne 

£lmm,0 txdri fiAJHitB 
Aritria aaune gemu virid 

• TWm bita Bw, ^a b> oupT erf rn^ «B« *«>1 
MknrttOB, ud the BuiiWiMa «r it ta*) L^ ad U|M 
■n bam fufco'i ad-^vfaac, tkM|^ Mitt bra i^ ■ 
nnMidin with n» CvfaaA ifL^r^ Ik^ an L» il^ 
M>p«tknaf diUpcitni,*(s tha colopfa^ ^SU; lA* 

uccDi towHdi Uw end itf UieTaL,dM Im* On* r^B^ " 
gelfaer, lod the fint ■ (ev pajics afttr.^Hanha'f (d. 'A^ 



Justice est morte, 

JEt Veryte sommielle ; 

Droit et liaison 

Sent alez aux pardons : 

Lez deux premiers 

Nul ne Us resuelle ; 

M lez demiers 

Sount corrumpus par dons. 


ftulit cUra dies Astraam ; cana Fides 
Somno pressa jacet ; Jus iter arripuity 
secum Ratio profidscens Umite hngo : 
Nemo duasprimas evigilare parat ; 
•jfue duo postrema absunt, et munera tantum 
hnpediunt nequeunt quod remeare domum. 


Justyce now is dede ; 
Trowth with a drowsy hede, 
As heuy as the lede, 
Is layd down to slepe, 
And takith no kepe ; 
And Ryght is ouer the fallows 
Gone to seke hallows, 
With Reason together, 
No man can tell whether: 


No man wyll vndcrtake 
The first twayne to wake ; 
And the twayne last 
Be withholde so fast 
With mony, as men sayne, 
They can not come agayne. 

A grant torty 
Foy dart. 

Here endith a ryght delectable tratyse v 
goodly Garlonde or Chapelet of Laurell, dy 
by mayster Skelton, Poete Laureat 




torihusauctor recipit^ opusculi hujus auxesim. 

cet in immensum me vivo pagina prcRsens ; 
J mea diceiur SheUonidis aureafama* 


name is Parrot, a byrd of paradyse, 
Y nature deuysed of a wonderous kynde, 
titely dyeted with dyuers dylycate spyce, 
Y\ Euphrates, that flode, dryueth me into 
Inde ; " 

ucanus.s Tigris et Euphrates uno se fonte resolvunt. 

Vom the ed. by Lant of Certayne bokes compyledhy may»- 
'^Uon^ &c., n. d., collated with the same work ed. Kynge 
larche, n. d., and ed. Day, n. d. ; with Marshe's ed. of 
Dn*8 Workes, 1568; and with a MS. in the Harleian Col- 
n, 2252. fol. 133, which has supplied much not given in 
rinted copies, and placed between brackets in the present 
n. The marginal notes are found only in MS. 
\cipii\ MS. "recf^pft." The next two lines are given 
inaccurately here in MS., but are repeated (with a slight 
:ion) more correctly at the end of the poem. The Latin 
ms of the MS. are generally of ludicrous incorrectness, 
ranscriber evidently not having understood that lan- 

ucantts] See Phar, iii. 256. But the line here quoted is 
Boethii Consol. Phil. lib. v. met 1. 


Where men of that i^ountrey by fortune 

id Gentl me to greate ladj'es of estate ; 
Farot must haue an almon or a dale; 

xhh aylu( 

•A mge curyously ca 

Properly paynled, to be my 
A mrrroitr of glasse, [bat 1 may loote therioj 

Tlieit' maidens ful mekely wiib many a A 

Frvshly ihey dresse, and make awelflt 

With, Speke, Parrot, I pray joo, full mil 
ihey say j 
is a goodly byrd. a prety popagey ; 

"With my becke bent my lyttyl tranlon eye, 
My fedders freshe as is ihe emrawde grene. 

About my neck a cyrculet lyke the ryche rnby^ 
My lyityll leggys, my feet both fete and dei 
1 am a mynyon to wayt Tppon a queae : 

My proper Parrot, my lyttyl prety foole ; 

With iadyes I leme, and go with tbt:iii to eeoie, 

Hflgb, ha, ha, Parrot, ye can teugh ptettly ! 
Parrot hath not dyned of al thl^ long da/ : 

■ Topc^nphis, qiwm luibel hee avitrala ia delteSi. | 
t DttHtalur in &ctim ini, tomea m eat fbnn fn 


^Lyke your pus cate, Parrot can mute and cry 
•In Lattyn, in Ebrew, Araby, and Caldey; 
In Greke tong Parrot can bothe speke and say, 
As Percyus, that poet, doth reporte of me, 
Quis expedivit psittaco suuyn chaire ? w 

Dowse French of Parryse Parrot can leme,* 

Pronounsynge my purpose after my properte, 
Witliv Perliez bi/en, Parrot, ou perlez rien ; 

With Douch, with Spanysh, ray tong can agre ; 
lo-Bgglysh to God Parrot can supple, 
) Qlr^ ^^ ^y"S Henry the viii., our royall kyng, 
IQ^P Xfirose in honour to florysh and sprynge! 

Witb Kateryne incomparable, our ryall queue also,* 
That pereles pomegarnet, Chryst saue her noble 
grace I 
Parrot, saves ^ habUr CastilianOy 40 

a Psittacos a vobis aliorum nomina disco: Hoc per me 
didici dicere,2 Caesar, ave. [Side Note.] 

b Docibilem se pandit in omni idiom ate. Polichronitudo 
Basileos. {Side NoteJ] 

c Katerina nniyersalis vitii ruina, Grsecum est. Fidasso 
de cosso, i. habeto fidem in temet ipso. Aactoritate[m] in- 
consultam taxat hie. Lege Flaccum, et observa plantatum 
diabolom. {Side NoUJ\ 

^scmeB] So MS. Eds. " satttca ; "— " Aa6/er " ought to be 
"hedflar;** but throughout this work I have not altered the 
I^Mj^ing of quotations in modem languages, because probably 
S:elton wrote them inaccurately, 
s dicere] In Martial thus : 

'* PtiUacfts a vobis aliorum nomina discam: 

Hoc didici per me dicere^ CcRsar^ are." xiv. 78. 

248 sruKE, PABiiOT. 

With fdusio lie cosso in Turkey and in Tticc 
Vii coniilii erpera, as tecliiib me Horace, 
Mole rw't sua, whose dicles ar pregnaunte, 
Souentez foyt, Parrot, en tmienaunte, 

'My Jadj mayaires, dame Philology, 

Gaue me a gjfte in my nest whao I Inye, 
To lerDe ail language, aud it to spake apteiy; I 
Now pandes mory, wax frantycke, some menf^ ' 

Phruiiesea fur Frenesesmay not holdeberWlj. 
An altnon now fur PaiTot, dllycatly dreslj 
lu Salve/eila dies, lolo theyr dolli beat. 

''Moderatajwvant, hut toto dotli excede ; 
Oyscre^ayoi) is moder of noble vertues al 

Myden agan in Greke tonge w 

But reason and wyt wnrityih iheyr prouyncyiift 
When wylfulnes ie vycar generall. 

Htec ret acu tangitur, Parrol, par mafoy : 

Ticee voiu, Parrot, ietiex vous i 



Besy, besy, besy, and besynea agayne ! 
Que penaee voe, Parrot? what meneth 
synea ? 

b Aptiiis liic loqultor Rnlmos qimm lii 
ium at eK]i.-<p«raiis. \SidtyoU.i 

^prummlio] Probably not tlis rigUt r 
wms lo have eittiec " p6 aio " or " pu flo. 




Vitvlus in Oreb troubled Arons brayne, 
Melchisedeck mercyfull made Moloc mercyles ; 
To wyse is no vertue, to medlyng, to restles ; 

In mesure is tresure, cyLm seiisu maturcUo ; 

Ne tropo sannOy ne tropo mato. 

Aram was fyred with Caldies fyer called Ur ; 
lobab was brought vp in the lande of Hus ; 
The lynage of Lot toke supporte of Assur ; 
^reboseth is Ebrue, who lyst the cause dyseus. 
l^$/ffQ, Parrot, ye prate, as ye were ebritis : » 
k HowjA the, lyuer god van hemrtky iq ^g ; 
'In Pgpering grew peres, whan Parrot was an eg. 

What' IS this to purpose ? Ouer in a whynny meg ! 
Hop Lobyn of Lowdeon wald haue e byt of 
The iebet of Baldock was made for Jack Leg ; 
An arrow vnfethered and without an bed, 
A bagpype without blowynge standeth in no 
Some run to far .before, some run to far behynde, 
Some bMo chuffywhe, and some be to kynde. 

_ for the eoBltfych fether, » 

Ic dien is the language of the land of Beme ; 

Fn AflGpycJtongue hyrsa is a thonge of lether ; 
In Palestina there is lerasulem. 
Colostrum now for ParOt, whyte bred and 
swete cremel 

250 apE 

Our Thomasen sbe tlolli tri|>, our lenet she dolli 

ehayle : 
Parrot hutli a blauke beard and a fayre grene 


Moryshe mjne owtie sbetfe, tbe coslermonger 

Fate, fate, fate, ye Irysh water lag; 

In flallryng fables men fynife but lytiyl feyi 

But movealur Ifrra, let [he world 

Let ajr Wrigwrag wraslell wi[h syr I 

Euery man after his maner of wayes, 

Pawbe une aruer, so the Welche man i 

Suche ahredis of sentence, strowed in the a 
Of auncjent Arislippus ami such otber U 

I gader logylher and close in my cr 
Of my wanton conseyi, unde depromo 
Dilemmata docta in ptedagoffio 

Saero vatum, whereof lo you I bwke : 

T pray you, let Parot haue lyberie lo speku 


«kt, Parol, ware the fals dM ' 
With, Wlio is there? a mnyd? nay, [ 

Ware ryal. Parrot, ware ryoi, ware thai 1 
Mete, mete for Parrot, mete, I say, howl 
Thus dyuers of language by lernyng I grow: 
With, Bhs me, Ewece Parrot, baa me, swete sweto 
To dwell araonge ladyes Parrot is mete. 


Parrot, Parrot, Parrot, praty popigay ! 

With my beke I can pyke my lyttel praty too . 
My delyght is solas, pleasure, dysporte, and pley ; 

Lyke a wanton, whan I wyll, I rele to and 
froo : III 

Parot can say, Ccesar^ ave, also ; 
But Parrot hath no fauour to Esebon : 
Aboue all other byrdis, set Parrot alone. 

UluUt^ Esebon, for leromy doth wepe ! 
Sion is in sadnes, Rachell ruly doth loke ; 

Madionita letro, our Moyses kepyth his shepe ; 
iGhedeon is gon, that Zalmane vndertoke, 
Oreb et Zeb, of Judicum rede the boke ; 

Now Geball, Amon, and Amaloch, — harke, 
harke ! iw 

Parrot pretendith to be a bybyll clarke. 

O Esebon, Esebon ! to the is cum agayne 

Seon, the regent Amorrceorum, 
And Og, that fat hog of Basan, doth retayne, 

The crafty coistronus Cananceorum ; 

And asylum^ whilom refugium mtserorunij 
Non fanum^ ted- prof anum^ standyth in lyttyll 

Uhda^ Esebon, for lepte is starke ded ! 

B^bon, Marybon, Wheston next Bam et; 
A trym tram for an horse myli it were a nyse 
thyng; no 


ics for dammoysels, chafliir far fet : 
Bo ho (loth bark wel, but Hougli ho he rulvdi 

the ring ; 
From Scarpary to Tartary lenouo therin doA 
With, He sajd, and we said, ich wot now what 

ith wot, 
Quod magnm est dominus Judas Scariotk. 

Tholomye HnJ Haly were cannyng an^ 
In the volvel), in tlm quadrant, i 
To pronostycate truly the chaunce of f 

e of llieyr tirykis, po 
Somyseutfo-jjTopAe^a with chiromancy! 1 
Yf fortune be fVendly, and grace be the g 
Honowre with renowne wyll rcn on that 8yl| 

Mo/ion colon agaton 
Quo J Para to 
In Greeco. 

Let Tarrot, I pray you, bane lyberte to prJ 
I linyua Graeea ought lo be B 

rf it v^t^^^^Tytely, and after the n 

n Moltj matter occupyi 
X &r«kc BO well I 


That they cannot say in Greke, rydynge by tho 

How, hosteler, fetche my hors a botell of hay I 

Neyther frame a silogisme in phrtsesomorum^ 
Formaliter et GrcBce^ cum medio termino : 
Our Grekys ye walow in the washbol Argoli" 
corum ; 
For though ye can tell in Greke what is 

Yet ye seke out your Greke in Capricomio ; 
For they ^ scrape out good scrypture, and set in 

a gall, 
Te go about to amende, and ye mare alL 

Some argue secundum quid ad simpliciter, i« 
And yet he wolde be rekenyd joro Areopagita; 

And some make distinctions multipliciter, 

Whether ita were before non, or non before ita, 
Nether wise nor wel lernid, but like hermor 
phrodita : 

Set Sophia asyde, for euery Jack Raker 

And euery mad medler must now be a maker. 

In Academia Parrot dare no probleme kepe ; 

For Greece fari so occupyeth the chayre, 
That Latinum fari may fall to rest and slepe. 

1 they] Qy. " ye " here— or " they " in the three preceding 

WH dromied at Sturbiy 

T^ftpk «m1 ^nUTajals a 

TWk Eknat Am pofMfftj hath pjtje to bebolde 
lfa« Am BMt «f (Md fcniyng b roufled Tp and 

W trynea oat of scole -, 
m hxndr dandy, 

B rekened Tor a fole ; 

of Uenanders pale, 
■St out of the giile, 
re B04 fbew bis p&te. " 

J^Mt i* ^ «■■£» a Ay\d shall now reherse. 
.tail M^«ak4>bBi7lTan in his Declam*- 

Cte Ihi^ Omm «• acaDlly construe a vcrae, 
VUk ^^ w ft « M y and such aolempne salu- 

Mass of hia ooni ugacyons ; 
j^l^Mt A^s^ ■jiwJjfi M iDoche of eloquens, 
1|te it JM«r sniAt Baiets lost is the liole 

n gariophoh, 
* P7^ rpoD, hn brayne for U> 

SP£K£, PARROT. 255 

Swete synamum stjckxs and pleris cum muscol ^ 
Id Paradyce, that place of pleasure perdurable, 
The progeny of Parrottis were fay re and fauor- 
Nowe in valle Ebron Parrot is fayne to fede : 
Cristecrosse and saynt ^ycholas, Parrot, be your 
good spede I 

The myrrour that I tote in, quasi diaphanumy 
Vel quasi speculum, in tsnigmatCj 

.EJlencticum, or ells enthym,emaiicum, 

For logicions to loke on, somwhat sophisHce: 
Ketoricyons and oratours in freshe humanyte, 

Support Parrot, I pray you, with your suffrage 
^ ornate, aw 

Of confuse tantum auoydynge the chekmate. 

But of that supposicyon that callyd is arte 
Confuse distributive, as Parrot hath deuysed, 

Let euery man after his merit take his parte, 
For in this processe Parrot nothing hath sur- 

No matter pretendyd, nor nothyng enterprysed. 

But that metaphora, aUegoria with all, 

Shall be his protectyon, his pauys, and his wall. 

^pleris cum musco] Ed. of Eynge and Marche, ^pkris com 
otttfco." Eds. of Day, and Marshe, "/?/c»*w comrausco." In- 
stead of "/>/crM," the Rev. J. Mitford proposes **flami8" 
i^ciet placentie). 


For Pai'ol ia no churlish chowgh, nor no flekjJ 

Parrot is no pendugum, ihat mea call a 
Parrot is no woodeeoike, nor no butterfly, ■» 
Parrot is no slamerjng stare, that men call » 

But Parot is my owne dere harte and iny dere 
derling ; 
Melpomene, ibat fayre mayde, she bumeshed bis 

I pray you, let Parrot haue lyberte to speke. 

Parrot ia a fayre byrd for a lady ; 

God of bis goodnea hira framed and wrought; 

When Parrot is ded, she dollia not putrefy : 
Ye, all ihyng mortall shall tome vnto nought. 
Except tnannes soule, that Chrysl eo dei« 

That neoor may dye, nor neuer dye shall: 
Make raoche of Parrot, the popegay ryall. 

For that pereles prynce that Parrot dyd 

He made you of nolhjnge by his mngi^tye: 

Poynt well this probleme that Parrot dotli pnW, 
And rememhre araonge how Parrot and ye 
Shall lepe from this lyfe, as inery as we Iw; 

Pompe. pryde, honour, rychea, and worldly lint. 

Parrot saylh plajnly, shall tourne all to du't. 


Thus Parrot dothe pray you «•» 

With hert most tender, 
To rekyn with this recule now, 

And it to remember. 

Pstttacus, ecce, eano, nee stmt mea camiina Phceho 
Digna sciOf tamen est plena camena deo. 

Secundum Skeltomda famtgercUum, 
In Piereorum catalogo numeratum. 
Itaque consolamim tnmcem in verbis istis, S^e, 
Candidi lectoresy caUide callete ; vestrum fovete 

Pstttacuniy S^c. 

[ Galathea.'' 

Speke, Parrotte, I pray yow, for Maryes saake, 
Whate mone he made when Pamphylus loste hys 


My propire Besse, 910 

My praty Besse, 

Turne ones agayne to me : * 
For slepyste thou, Besse, 

a Hio occurrat memoriffi Pamphilus de amore GalathesB. 
[mde NoU.] 

6 In ista cantilena ^ ora stilla plena abjectis frangibulii 
et aperit [Bide Abte.] 

1 In ista cantilena, fc] Grossly corruptevl. The Bev. J. 
Mitford proposes "ore stiUanti.** MS. has " eperit.** 

VOL. II. 17 


Or wakeste thow, Besse, 
Mjne herte hyt ys with th^ 

My deysy delectabyll, 
My prymerose commendabyll, 
•My vyolet amyabyll, 
My ioye inexplicabill, 
Now torne agayne to me. 

I wylbe ferme and stabyll, 
And to yow seruyceabyll, 
And also prophytabyll, 
Yf ye be agreabyll 
To turne agayne to me, 

My propyr Besse. 

*Alas, I am dysdayned, 
And as a man halfe maymed, 
My harte is so sore payned ! 
I pray the, Besse, vnfayned, 
Yet com agayne to me ! 

Be loue I am constreyned 
To be with yow retayned, 
Hyt wyll not be refrayned : 

a Quid quseritis tot capita, tot census? \8idt NoU,\ 
b Maro: Malo me Galatea petit, lasciva puella, Et fiigi 
•alices, &c. [Side Note.] 


I pray yow, be reclaymed, 
And torne agayne to me, 

My propyr Besse. 

Quod Parot, the popagay royalL 

^,%al%s cecinit carmen fit mihi scutum:-^ 
nihi lasctva pagtna, vita proba,] * 


kus me, Parrot, kus me, kus, kus, kus : 
lys blessyng lyght on thy swete lyttyU 
mus 1 ' m 

Vita et anima, 
Zoe kai psyche, 

umhunt Greece. Non est hie sermo pudicus. * 

Attica dictamina * 
Sunt plumhi lamina, 

)e kai psyche. Non omnes capiunt yerbnm istud, sed 

) datum est desnper. [Side Nott.^ 

}uinate8.s [Side Note.\ 

la consequentia magni sestimatur momenti Attica sane 

ntia. {Side NoU.\ 

t mihi latciva pagina^ vita prdbd] " Lcuciva e$l nobit 
'^ ffilaproba est.^* £p, i. 6. 

minates] Has crept into the text in eds., and is not 
r distinguished from the text in MS. But it is cer 
a marginal note — meaning Juvenal, from whom " Cbn- 
rU GrcBcey'^ &c. is quoted: see Sat. vl. 191. 


Avertathae Crania! 


Amen, Amen, 

And set to a D, 
And then il is. Amend 

Our new found A, B, C. 

Own eaterii paribu». 

[Leivaotj primers 
Go, litell quayre, namyd the Popagay, 

Home to resorte Jerobesethe perjwadej 
For tlie clifies of Scaloppe thej rore wellavHy, 

And tbc Baodes of Cefas begyn to waste ami 

For replicacion restles ibat be of late tber 

Now N<jptune and Eolus ar agreed of lyclybmhi 
For Tjtua at Dover abydytbe in the rode; 

Lucina she wadythe among the watry floddes, 
And the ajkkes begyn to crowe agayne I 

Le tonsan de Jaion is lodgid among the shrowdM 

Of Argus revengjd, reeover when he iMJi • 

Lyacon of Libyk and Lydy hathe cawghle hj* 


Goe, lytyll qnayre, pray them (hat jow be!iolil«( 

In there remeoibrauiius ye may lie iiirolde. 


Yet some folys say that ye arre flfurnysshyd with 
That hang togedyr as fethyrs in the wynde ; 
But lewdlye ar they lettyrd that your lernyng 
Barkyng and whyning, lyke churlysshe currys 

of kynde, 
For whoo lokythe wyselye in your warkys may 
Muche frutefull mater : but now, for your defence 
Agayne all remordes arme yow with paciens. aw 


Ipse sagax cequi ceu verax nunttus ito. 
Morda puros mal desires, Portugues. 
PenuUimodie Octohris, 83*. ' 

Secunde Lenuoy, 

Passe forthe, Parotte, towardes some passengere, 
Require hym to convey yow ovyr the salte fome ; 
Addressyng your selfe, lyke a sadde messengere, 
To ower soleyne seigneour Sadoke, desire hym 

to cum home, 
Makyng hys pylgrimage by nostre dame de 
Crome ; 
For Jerico and Jerssey shall mete togethyr assone 
ka he to exployte the man owte of the mone. 

With porpose and graundepose he may fede hym 



TliuiTglie he pampyr not hys pauncbe with llit 
grele seall : w 

We Uaue longyd and lokyd long tyme for that, 
Whyehe cawsytlie pore sutera baue many i 

hungry mele : 
As presydent and regenle he rulyihe eveiy 
Now pas furthe, good Parol!, ower L>orde be joai 

In ihis your journey to prospere and spede ! 

And thowe BUm dysdajne yow, and sey how j( 
And hone your poemya arre barayne of pal- 
yshed eloquena, 
There ia none that your came woH abbrogate 
Then nodypollys and gramatolys at smsUe 

lellygens ; 
To rude ys tliere reason to reche to yw 

Suche malyncoly mastyvys and mangye cam 

Ar mete for a swyneherde to hunte after 

Prittaee, perge volant, fataorum ttla 
Mordapurog mall detcrg. Portugnm- 

In diehut Novembrit, 


Le dereyn Lenveoy, 

"PTep&jre yow, Parrot, breuely your passage to 
Of Mercury vndyr the trynall aspecte, 
And sadlye salute ower solen syre Sydrake, 
And shewe hym that all the world dothe con- 


How the maters he mellis in com to small 


For he wantythe of hys wyttes that all wold rule 

alone ; as9 

Hy t is no ly tyll bordon to here a grete mylle stone : 

To bryng all the see into a cheryston pytte,. 

To nombyr all the sterrys in the fyrmament, 
To rule ix realmes by one mannes wytte, 

To suche thynges ympossybyll reason cannot 

consente : 
Muche money, men sey, there madly he hathe 
spente : 
Parrot, ye may prate thys vndyr protestacion. 
Was neuyr suche a senatour syn Crystes incama- 

Wherfor he may now come agayne as he wente, 
Nbn sine postica sanna, as I trowe, sm 

From Calys to Dovyr, to Caunterbury in Kente, 
To make reconyng in the resseyte how Robyn 
loste hys bowe. 

264 SPEKE, rARRor. 

To sowe come in (he see saode, ther wjHil 

crope growe. 
Tliow ye be tauntyd. Parotic, wiih f onges atta yntyd, 
Yet your problemea ar preignaunte, and nilh 

lojalte acqoajD^d. 


J, properaits, Parrot[^e},^ malai sie eorript lingiM 

Morda puros mall desires. Portiguet, 

15 kalendis Deeembria, 


Dittichon miserabile. 
Alitor, keu, cedro, erudelior, heu, leopardo / 
Stu, vttiUiu buhaii fit doiatniu Priam*/ 

Telrattichon, — Uhde species Priann est (2^fiM 

JSim annii licet et Priamus sed konore voetritt 
Dam foveas viiulum, rex, regerit, BritawM! 

Rex. regeris, noa ipse regis ; rex ine^U, calls i 
Subde libi vituiuta, ne/atuet niaunim. * 

God amend all, 

Tbat all amend maj t 
Amen, quod Farott, 

I Parralt] MuiEbecoiBidaradhere aa s I^ttiwrt**'' 


The royall popagay. 

Kdlendis Decembns^ 

Lenvotf roycUL 

Gro, propyr Parotte, my popagay, 

That lordes and ladies thys pamdett may behold, 

With notable clerkes : supply to them, I pray, 
Your rudenes to pardon, and also that they wolde 
Vouchesafe to defend yow agayne the brawlyng 
scolde, 860 

Callyd Detraxion, encankryd with envye, 

Whose tong ys attayntyd with slaundrys obliqui. 

For trowthe in parabyll ye wantonlye pronounce, 
Langagys diuers, yet vndyr that dothe reste 

Maters more precious then the ryche jacounce, 
Diamounde, or rubye, or balas of the beste, 
Or eyndye sapher with oryente perlys dreste : 

Wherfor your remorde[r]s ar madde, or else 
Starke blynde, 

Yow to remorde erste or they know your mynde. 


T, volitans}- Parrote^ tuam moderare Minervam . 
Vix tua percipient^ qui ttuz tegue legent, an 

1 tfolUans] MS. " vHhns " — ^not, I think, a mistake for " ru* 
Ulans : " compare ante^ '* Psittace, perge, volaruy'* p. 262 and 
**I, properans, Parrot," p. 264. 


Ptitlaeui hi nolut jii Persim estputo notat, 
iftc reor est nee ent llcel est eri't.^ 

Maledite ioyte houcke maVieureiose I 

LawAiiTB de Parott, 

ray Parrot, taiice dilecte, votontm meoram 

omnia lapii, lapis prefiosug opmmentum 



Sicut Aaron populumque, He huhati vittdtu, A 

hubali viCulus, tic buhaU vitultu. 

Thus mjche Parott bathe opynlye expreste: 
Let se who dare make vp the reale. 

JLe Popagay ten va complayndrt. 

Helas ! I lamente the dull abusjd brayne, 
The enfatuale fantasies, the wytlea wylfubes 

OF on and hothyr at me that haue dyBdajne: 
Som Bey, they cannot my parables expresses 
Som sey, I rayle att ryoil rechelea; ■ 

1 Ttang ooneetAd bj a revisvvr in OaaL Mag, 
PUlaau hio wAa Mil Pertiia iMpiUo iMM^ 
Ntc rtor at, •« eril, nee Sett at, nee eriL 


Some say but lityll, and thynke more in there 

How thys presses I prate of, hyt ys not all for 


O causeles cowardes, O hartles hardynes ! 

O manles manhod, enfayntyd all with fere ! 
O connyng clergye, where ys your redynes 
To practise or postyll thys presses here and 

there ? 
For drede ye darre not medyll with suche gere, 
Or elles ye pynche curtesy, trulye as I trowe, 
Whyche of yow fyrste dare boldly e plucke the 

The skye is clowdy, the coste is nothyng clere ; aw 

Tytan hathe truste vp hys tressys of fyne 

golde ; 

lupyter for Saturne darre make no royall chere ; 

Uyacon lawghyth there att, and berythe hym 

more bolde ; 
Racell, rulye ragged, she is like to cache colde ; 
Moloc, that mawmett, there darre no man withsay ; 
The reste of suche reconyng may make a fowle 

Dtxity quod Parrott, the royall popagay. 

Oest chose mal€heure[u]sef 
Que mall houche. 


Jupiter ut mtido deui est venerat.u» Olj/mpoJ 

Hie coliturque delta. <■ 

Sunt data tkura Jbvi, rultlo ioKo residmti} 

Cum Jove ihura eapit. 
Jupiter aetrofum rector domifiusqug poloriai; 

Angliea seeptra regit. 

t compAS the conreyaunce vnto the capitaQ' 
Of ower clerke Cleros, whylhyr, thydyr, uX 
why not hethyr? 
For pa^ae a paae apase jh gon to cacba a moUe, 
Over Starpary mala vi, Monsyre cy and 

sliddyr : 
Wliate aeqaele shall folow when pendaginu 
mete logethyr ? 
Speke, Parolle, my sweto byrde, and ye aiall 
haue a date, ■>■ 

Of ffaulyckoeB and folysahnes whyche ys the 
greit state? 

Parolte. ^^M 

BifTicille hit ys to anaswere thys deiiroiui%f^^| 

Yet, nftyr ihe sagacite of a popagay, — ^^^ 
Franliknes dothe rule and all ihyng cumniaDnde; 

Wylfulnea and braynles no[wJ rule all the 

Agnyne ffrentike frentsy tbei'e dar no man spj 


For ffrantiknes, and wylfulnes, and braynles en- 

The nebbis of a Ijon they make to trete and 

trembyll ; 

To jumbyll, to stombyll, to tumbyll down lyke 


To lowre,* to droupe, to knele, to stowpe, and 

to play cowche quale, «» 

To fysshe afore the nette, and to drawe polys ; 

fie make[th] them to bere baby lies, and to 

here a lowe sayle ; 
He caryeth a kyng in hys sieve, yf all the 
worlde fayle ; 
He facithe owte at a fflusshe, with, shewe, take 

Of Pope Julius cardys he ys chefe cardynall. 

He tryhumfythe, he trumpythe, he tumytke all 

vp and downe, 
With, skyregalyard, prowde palyard, vaunte- 

perler, ye prate I 
Hys woluys hede, wanne, bloo as lede, gapythe 

ouer the crowne : 
Hyt ys to fere leste he wolde were the garland 

on hys pate, 
Feregall with all prynces farre passyng his 

estate ; «» 

llowre] Qy. "lowte?" 


For of ower regente the regiment he hath6,tf 

qtuz vt, 
PcUet per versus, quod ex vi boUe harvu 

Now, Galathea, lett Parrot, I pray yow, haue hys 
Yett dates now ar deynte, and wax verye 
For grocers were grugyd at and groynyd at but 
Grete reysons with resons be now reprobitante, 
For reysons ar no resons, but resons currant: 
Ryn God, rynne Devyll I yet the date of ower 

And the date of the Devyll dothe shrewlye accord 

JXxitj quod Parrott, the popagay royalL 


Nowe, Parott, my swete byrde, speke owte yet 
ons jigayne, ** 

Sette asyde all sophyms, and speke now trew 
and playne. 


So many morall maters, and so lytell vsyd; 
So myohe newe makyng, and so madd tyme 
spente ; 
So myche traiislaclon in to Englyshe confused; 
So myche nobyll prechyng, and so lytell amend- 
ment ; 


I myclie consultacion, ftlmosle to none entente ; 
So myche provision, and so lyiell wyiie ut nede ; — 
Syna Dewcalyons flodde there can no clerkes rede. 

So lytyll dyscreasyon, Hud bo myehe reasonyng; 
So myclie hardy dardy, and bo lylell manly- 

So prodigall expence, and so shamfull reeonyng; 
So goi'gyous garmentes, and so myehe wrecbyd- 

So myche portlye pride, with pursys penylea ; 
So mycbe apente before, and ao myche vopayd 

behyiide ; — 
Syne Dewcalyons flodde there can no clerkea 

I So myche forcastyng, and so farre an arter dele ; 

So myche polelyka pratyng, and so lytell 

slondylhe in stede ; 

So lylell secretneae, and eo mycbe grele councell ; 

So manye Lolde barons, there hertes as dull as 

So many nobyll bodyes vndyr on dawya hedd; 
So royall a kyng as reynylbe vppon vs all; — "i ' 
Syns Uencalions flodde was nevyr sens nor shall. 

So many eomplayates, and so amalle redrease; 
So myche callyng on, and bo amalle takyng 

o myche losse of mercbautidyse, and so remedy- 


So lytell care for the comjn wetfll, and n 

myche nede ; 
So mycbe dow^tfuU daunger, and so Ijtd 
drede ; 
So mycbe pride of prelattes, so cruell and bo 

kene ; — 
Syns Dewcalyons flodde, I trowe, was nevyr 

So many thevys hangyd, and thevys never the 

lesse ; « 

So mycbe prisonment ffor matyrs not worthe 

an ha we ; 

So mycbe papers weryng for ryghte a smalle 

exesse ; 

So mycbe pelory pajauntes vndyr colower of 

good lawe ; 
So mycbe towrnyng on the cooke stole for 
euery guy gaw ; 
So mycbe mokkysbe makyng of statutes of 

array ; — 
Syns Dewcalyons flodde was nevyr, I dar sey. 

So braynles caluys bedes, so many sbepis 
taylys ; 
So bolde a braggyng bocber, and flesshe sold 
so dere ; 
So many plucte partrycbes, and so fatte quaylles ; 
So mangye a mastyfe curre, tbe grete grej 
boundes pere ; * 


So bygge a bulke of brow auntlers cabagyd 
that yere ; 
So many swannes dede, and so small revell ; — 
Syns Dewcalyons flodde, I trow, no man can 

So many trusys takyn, and so lytyll perfyt6 
trowthe ; 
So myche bely joye, and so wasteful! banket- 

So pynchyng and sparyng, and so lytell profyte 
growthe ; 
So many howgye howsys byldyng, and so small 

howseholding ; 
Suche statutes apon diettes, suche pyllyng and 
pollyng ; 
So ys all thyng wrowghte wylfully withowte reson 

and sky lie ; — 
Syns Dewcalyons flodde the world was never so 

yll. 490 

So many vacabondes, so many beggers bolde ; 
So myche decay of monesteries and of relygious 
places ; 
So bote hatered agaynste the Chyrche, and 
cheryte so colde ; 
So myche of my lordes grace, and in hym no 

grace ys ; 
So many holow hartes, and so dowbyll faces ; 
VOL. II. 18 


274 BPEi 

So mj'che sayutuary brekjng, and jireujIegidJe 

baiTjild; — 
Hjns DewcalyOQS floJde was nei-yr sene not 

So myche raggyd rj-ghte of a rammes faomei 

So I'jgoi-oua revelyug ^ in a prelate specially ; 

So bold and eo braggyog, and was so tweelje 

boruK ; «» 

So lordlyc ofhys lokes and so dysdajoeslfe; 

So fatte a magott, bred of a flesshe llye ; 

Was nevyr suche a ffyltj gorgon, nor sucbe in 

Syn[?] Dewcalyoiia flodde, I make the fastean^ 

So myche preuye wachyng in cold wjnwn 

So mycbc sercliyng of iosellea, and ys bymselfe 
80 lewde ; 
So myche coniuraoions forelvyshemydaysprettes; 
So muuy bullys of pardon puplysshyd and 

Bbewyd ; 
So myche ci'ossyng and blyssyng, and liym nU 
beshrewJe j 
Suche pollaxis and pyllers, euche mvlya IrspW 
wish gold ; — '» 

Sens DewcalyoQS flodde in no eronycle ys lolJ. 


, " trolbll' 


Dixit, quod Parrot. 

Orescet in immensum me vivo Psittactts iste ; 

Hinc mea dicetur SkeUonidis inclyta famcu 

Quod Skelton Lawryat, 

Orator Reg%u9» 








The relucent mirror for all Prelats and Presidents; 
as well spirituall as temporally sadly to loke 
vpon, deuised in English by Skelton. 

All noble men,^ of this take hede, 
And beleue it as your Crede. 

To hasty of sentence, 
To ferce for none offence, 
To scarce of your expence, 
To large in neglygence. 
To slacke in recompence, 
To haute in excellence, 

* From the ed. by Kele, n. d., collated with that by Wyght, 
n. d., with that by Kytsoii, n. d., and with Marshe's ed. of 
Skelton's Warkes, 1568. 

1 AU noble men^ ^c] These twenty-eight introductory lines, 
v/hich are found in all the eds. of this poem, are also printed, 
as a distinct piece, in the various editions of CericUne bokei 
comjnjledhy Maysttr Skdton, &,c., n. d., and in Marshe's ed. 
of Skelton's Workts, 1568. 


To lyglit [in] intellegence, 

And to lyght in credence ; w 

Where these kepe resydence, 

Reson is banysshed thence. 

And also dame Prudence, 

With sober Sapyence. 

All noble men, of this take hede. 

And beleue it as your Crede. 

Than without collusyon, 
Marke well this conclusyon, 
Thorow suche abusyon. 
And by suche illusyon, m 

Vnto great contusyon 
A noble man may fall, 
And his honour appall ; 
And yf ye thynke this shall 
Not rubbe you on the gall. 
Than the deuyll take all ! 
All noble men, of this take hede. 
And beleue it as your Crede. 

Jlcec votes iUe^ 

De quo loquuntur miUe. m 

For age is a page 
For the courte full vnmete. 
For age cannat rage, 
Nor basse her swete swete : 


But wbim age seeth that rage 
Dothe a«w3ge Hiid reirayne, 
Than v/y\[ nge haue a corage 
To come to cout^ agayna. 

Helas, eage oaerage 
So modi/ decayed 
Tliat age for dottage 
Is reeoned now adayea : 

Thus age (a graunt domage) 
Is nothynge set by, 
And rage in arerage 
Dothe rynne lamenlablj. 

That rago must make pyllage, 
To catehe iliat cftlche may, ' 
And with euclie forage 
Hunte the boskage, 
Thai hartes wyll ronne away ; 
Boibe hnrtes and hyndes, 
"VViih all pood myndes : 
Fare well, ilian, haue good day! 

Than, haue good daye, adewel 
Some men may happely rew, 
And some theyr hedes mew ; 
The tyme dothe fast ensew, 
That bates begynne to brew ! 
I di'ede, by swete lesu, 
This tale «yll be to Irew; 


In faythe, dycken, thou krew, 
In fayth, dicken, thou krew, &c. 
Dicken, thou krew doutlesse ; 
For, trewly to expresse, 
There hath ben moche excesse, \ 

With banketynge bray nl esse, 
With ryotynge rechelesse, 
With ganibaudynge thryftlesse, tn 

With spende and wast witlesse, ' 

Treatinge of trewse restlesse, 
Pratynge for peace peaslesse. 
The countrynge at Cales 
Wrang vs on the males : 
Chefe counselour was carlesse, 
Gronynge, grouchy ug, gracelesse ; 
And to none entente 
Our talwod is all brent, 
Our fagottes are all spent, » 

We may bio we at the cole : 
Our mare hath cast her fole. 
And Mocke hath lost her sho ; 
Whf^t may she do therto ? 
An ende of an olde song, 
Do ryght and do no wronge, i 

As ryght as a rammes home ; 
For thrifte is threde bare worne. 
Our shepe are shrewdly shorne, 
And trouthe is all to-torne; •• 

Wysdom is laught to skorne, 
Fauell is false forsworne, 


lauell is nobly borne, 
Hatiell and Uaruy Uafter, 
lack Trauell and Cole Craller, j 
We shall liei'e more hurafWi; 
With pollynge Jind sbaiiynge, 
With borowjnge and cranyDge, 
With reuynge and rauynge, 
With sweryngB and starynge, 
Tlier vayleth no resonynge, 
For wyll dolhe rule all thynge, j 
Wyil, wyll, wyll, wyll, wyll, 
He ruklli alway styll. 
Good reason and good skyll, 
They may garlyeke pyll, 
Cury saukes to the myll, 
Or pescoddes lliey may shyll, 
Or tilles go rost a atone : 


1 but o 

That huthe Ibe strokes alone; 

Be it blacks or whight, 

All iliat he dothe is ryght, 

As right as a cammocke rroke^ ] 

Tbls byll well ouer lokeS, 

Clerely perceuye we may 

There went the bare away. 

The hare, the fox, the gray, 

The harie, the hynde, the buckiJ 

God Gende vs better luck! 

God seiide vs belier lucke, && 1 

Twit, Andrewe, Iwit, Scot, 
Ge htuie, ge fuoui; thj' pot i 


For we haue spenle our shot : 

We shall haue a tot quot 

From the Pope of Rome, 

To weue all in one lome 'I V*'^*^ 

A webbe of lylse wulse, ,ii* ' 

Opus male dulce: 

The deuyll kysse his cule ! w* 

For, whyles he doth rule, I 

All is warse and warse ; * 

The deuyll kysse his arse I 

For whether he blesse or curse, 

It can not be moche worse. 

From Baumberow to Bothombar 

We haue cast vp our war, 

And made a worthy trewse, 

With, gup, leuell suse ! i 

Our mony madly lent, m 

And mor madly spent : 

From Croydon to Kent, 

Wote ye whyther they went ? 

From Wynchelsey to Rye, 

And all nat worth a fiye ; 

From Wentbridge to Hull ; 

Our armye waxeth dull, 

With, tourne all home agayne, 

And neuer a Scot slayne. t 

Yet the good Erie of Surray, T , i 

The Frenche men he doth fray, 

And vexeth tliem day by day 

With all tlie power he may ; 

The Froneb men he hulb fayiiled, 
And made Iheyr hertts atla^nled: 
or cheunlry be ia the Houre j 
Our Larde be his socc-oure ! 
The French men he bathe bo mated, 
And llieyr courage abated, 
That they are but halfe men; 
Lyke foxes in theyr denne, 
Lyke cankerd oowardea all, 
Lyke vreheons in a stone wall, 
They kepn them in theyr holdes, 
Lyke heiiherted cokoldes, 
But yet they oner shote VS 
' Wyth crownes and wyth acutuB; 
With BCutia and crownes of gold 
I drede we are bought and solde i 
It is a wonders warke : 
They shote all at one marke, 
At the Cardynala hat, 
The; shote all at that ; 
Oute of theyr strongs lownes 
They shotn at him with crownes; 
With crownea of golde enblaaed 
They make him so amased, 
And Ilia eyen so daaed, 
That he ne se can 
To know God nor man. 
He is aet eo hye 
In hia ierarchy 
Of franlycke frenesy 


And folysshe fantasy, 

That in the Ghambre of Starres 

All maters there he marres ; 1 

Clappyng his rod on the borde, ; 

No man dare speke a worde, --'^■' 

For he hathe all the sayenge, 

Without any renayenge ; iW 

He rolleth in his recordes, 

He say th, How saye ye, my lordes ? 

Is nat my reason good? 

Good euyn, good Robyn Hood I 

Some say yes, and some 

Syt styll as they were dom : 

Thus th warty ng ouer thom, 

He ruleth all the roste 

With braggynge and with host ; 

Borne vp on euery syde ■» 

With pompe and with pryde, 

With, trompe vp, alleluya! 

For dame Philargerya 

Hathe so his herte in holde. 

He loueth nothyng but golde ; 

And Asmodeus of hell 

Maketh his membres swell 

With Dalyda to mell, 

That wanton damosell. 

Adew, Philosophia, 

Adew, Theologia ! 

Welcome, dame Simonia, 

With dame Castrimergia, 


To cirjnke Hiiil for lo eate 
Swete jjiocrus and swete d 
To kepe his flesdhe chas^ 
In Lent for a repast 
He cat(;tli capons stewed, 
Fesaunt and piirtriclie n 
Hennes, checkynges, and p) 
He foynes and lie fryggea, 
Spareth neitber mayde ne wyfPi 
This is a poslels lyfel 

Htilas ! my hm'te ia Bory 
To tel! of Tayiie glory : 
But now ypon tliU Btioy 
I wyll no further rymB 
Tyll anolher tynie, 
Tyll another lywe^ i 



What here ye of Lancashyre? 
They were nat payde their hyre ; 
They are fel as any fyre. 

What here ye of Chesshyre ? 
They haue layde all in the myre ; 
They grugyd, and sayde 
Theyr wages were nat payde ; «•• 

Some sayde they were afrayde 
Of the Scottysshe hoste, 
For all theyr crack and host, 
Wylde fyre and thonder ; 
For all this worldly wonder, 
A hundred myle asonder 
They were whan they were next ; 
That is a trew text. 

What here ye of the Scottes ? 
They make vs all sottes, «• 

Poppynge folysshe dawes ; 
They make vs to pyll strawes ; 
They play their olde pranckes. 
After Huntley bankes : 
At the streme of Banockes burne 
They dyd vs a shrewde tume, 
Whan Edwarde of Karnaruan 
Lost all that his father wan. 

What here ye of the Lorde Dakers ? 
He maketh vs Jacke Rakers ; «• 

He sayes we ar but crakers ; 
He calleth vs England men 
Stronge lierted lyke an hen 5 

rny cosiE te nat to codkt»H 

Fur llic Scottes and he 
To well they do Rgre, 
With, do thou for me, 
And I sliall do for th^. 
Whiles llie red hat doth endure, 
He maketh himselfe cxtck. sure ; 
The red hat with his lure 
Bryiigetb all thynges voder cure. 

But, as the worlde now gose, 
What here ye of the Lorde Rose? 
Hothynge to purpose, 
Nat worth a cockly fose : 
Their hertes be Id thyr hose. 
The Erie ofNonliuruberlande 
Dare take nolhynge on handei 
Our barons be so bolde, 
Inlo a mouse hole they wolde 
Eynne away and erepe ; 
Ljke a muyoy of Bhepe, 
Dare nat loke out at di 
For drede of the mastyue caff 
For drede of the bochei'S 
Wold wyrry them lyke tin ho{ 

For and this eilrre do gnar, 
They must stande all a far, 
To bolde Yp their hande at the 
For all their noble blode 
He pluckeii tbcni by ihe hode, 
And sliakes ihcni by Ihe eore, 
Anil bfyiigL-[<] iliein in suche few*! 


He bajteth them lyke a here, 

Lyke an oxe or a bull : 

Theyr wyttes, be saith, are dull ; 

He sayth they haue no brayne 

Theyr astate to mayntayne ; 

And maketh them to bow theyr kne 

Before his maieste. sto 

Juges of the kynges lawes, 

He countys them foles and dawes ; 

Sergyantes of the coyfe eke, 

He sayth they are to seke 

In pletynge of theyr case ^ V 


At the Commune Place, 

Or at the Kynges Benche ; 

He wryngeth them suche a wrenche, 

That all our lerned men 

Dare nat set theyr penne wo 

To plete a trew try all 

Within Westmynster hall ; 

In the Chauncery where he syttes, 

But suche as he admyttes 

None so hardy to speke ; 

He sayth, thou huddypeke, 

Thy lernynge is to lewde, 

Thy tonge is nat well thewde, 

To seke before our grace ; 

And openly in that place «•• 

He rages and he raues, 

And cals them cankerd knaues ; 

Thus royally he dothe deale 


VnJer ihe kynges brode scale ; 
And in the Checker he them cheks ; 
In the Ster Charabre he noddis and bdu. 
And boreth him there ao stowte, 
That no man dare rowte, 
Duke, erle, baron, nor lorde. 
Hat to his seaCcnce must accorde; 
Whether lie be knyght or squyre. 
All men must folow hia desyre. 

What say ye of the Scottyah kynge? 
That is another ihyng. 
He is but an yonglyng, 
A stalworlhy slryplyng: 
There is a whyepring and a whipling, 
He shulde be hyder brought j 
But, and it were well aought, 
I trow all wyll he nought, ■ 

Nat worth a shyttel Cocke, 
Nor worth a sowre calstocke. 
There golli many a lye 
Of ih D k f Alb y, 
That r h Id ^ 1 bede, 

q J ke or dede, 

But, m 

I dred t 
Subt lly 
Vnde f y 
But I 

1 d 

f two houres. 

f !se trayne 


Men may happelj se 

The trechery and the prankes ■ 

Of the Scotlysshe bankes. 

What here ye of Burgonyons, 
And the Spainyardes onyons ? 
They haue slain our Englisshmen 
Aboue threscore and ten : an 

For all your amyte, 
No better they agre. 

Grod saue my lorde admyrell ! 
What here ye of Mutrell ? 
There with I dare nat mell. 

Yet what here ye tell 
Of our graunde counsell ? 
I coulde say some what, 
But speke ye no more of that, 
For drede of the red hat ,- ,^ »• 
Take peper in the nose ; 
For than thyne heed of gose, 
Of by the harde arse. 
But there is some trauarse 
Bytwene some and some, 
That makys our syre to glum ; 
It is some what wronge, 
That his berde is so longe ; 
He morneth in blacke clothynge. 
I pray God saue the kynge ! »• 

Where euer he go or ryde, 
I pray God be his gyde ! 

VOL. II. 19 


Thus wyll I condade my style, 
And fall to rest a whyle, 
And so to rest a whyle, &c 

Ones yet agayne 
Of you I wolde frayne, 
Why come ye nat to court?— 
To whyche court ? 
To the kynges courte, 
Or to Hampton Court ? — 
Nay, to the kynges court : 
The kynges courte 
Shulde haue the excellence ; 
But Hampton Court 
Hath the preemynence, 
And Yorkes Place, 
With my lordes grace, 
I To whose magnifycence 
Is all the conflewence, 
Sutys and supplycacyons, 
Embassades of all nacyons. 
Strawe for lawe canon, 
Or for the lawe common. 
Or for lawe cyuyll I 
It shall be as he wyll : 
Stop at law tancrete. 
An obstract or a concrete ; 
Be it souie, be it swete. 
His wysdome is so dyscrete. 
That in a fume or an hete, 
Wardeyn of the Flete, 
Set hym fast by the fete ! 


And of his royall powre 

Whan him lyst to lowre, 

Than, haue him to the Towre, 

Saunz avlter remedy, 

Haue hym forthe by and by 

To the Marshalsy, 

Or to the Kynges Benche ! vm 

He dyggeth so in the trenche 

Of the court royall, 

That he ruleth them all. 

So he dothe vndermynde, 

And suche sleyghtes dothe fynde, 

That the kynges mynde 

By hym is subuerted. 

And so streatly coarted 

In crodensynge his tales, 

That all is but nutshales ^ 

That any other sayth ; 

He hath in him suche fayth. 

Now, yet all this myght be 
Suffred and taken in gre. 
If that that he wrought 
To any good ende were brought ; 
But all he bringeth to nought. 
By God, that me dere bought ! 
He bereth the kyng on hand. 
That he must pyll his lande, i» 

To make his cofers ryche ; 
But he laythe all in the dyche. 
And vseth suche abusyoun, 


That in the condusyoun 
All commeth to confusjon. 
Perceyue the cause why, 
To tell the trouth playnly, 
He is so ambicyous, 
So shamles, and so vieyous, 
, And so supersticyous, 

\ And so moche obliuyous 

From whens that he came, 
That he falleth into a caciam, ^ 
Whiche, truly to expresse, 
Is a forgetfulnesse, 
Or wylfuU blyndnesse, 
Wherwith the Sodomites 
Lost theyr inward syghtes, 
The Grommoryans also 
Were brought to deedly wo, 
As Scrypture recordis : 
A ccscitate cordis^ 
In the Latyne synge we, 
Libera nos, Domine ! 

But this madde Amalecke, 
Lyke to a Mamelek, 
He regardeth lordes 
No more than potshordes ; 
He is in suche elacyon 
Of his exaltacyon, 
And the supportacyon 
Of our souerayne lorde, 
That, God to recorde, 

1 a cactaTw] Eds. " Acisiam. " Compare v. 472. 


He ruleth all at wyll, 

Without reason or skyll : 

How be it the primordyall 

Of bis wretched original], 

And his base progeny, 
• And his gresy. genealogy, 
, He came of the sank royall, m 

That was cast out of a bochers stall. ^ 
But how euer he was borne, 

Men wolde haue the lesse scorne, 

If he coulde consyder 

His byrth and rowme togeder, 

And call to his mynde 

How noble and how kynde 

To him he hathe founde 

Our souereyne lorde, chyfe grounde 

Of all this prelacy, mo 

And set hym nobly 

In great auctoryte, 

Out from a low degre, 

Whiche he can nat se : 

For he was parde 

No doctor of deuinyte, 

Nor doctor of the law, 

Nor of none other saw ; 

But a poo re maister of arte, 

God wot, had lytell parte «• 

Of the quatriuials, 

Nor yet of triuialis, 

Nor of philosophy, 


Nor of pfaQDlo^, 

Nor of good poOjvy, 

Nor of latneoaaj, 

Nor metfMjvg^A vonli « fl j 

Wbh botxir^ile Haly, 

Nor with rojaQ PtlwlaiBy, 

Nor villi ARMmasv, 

To tPMie ■rfuT' Mur 


Hb Laiyne tonge doUke hobbjpll, 

H« dotli bol dovw &Dd eoUOl 

la Tvlla bralte, 

CUkd hnmanyte ; 

Y«t piondl J Im (fare pre te n J a 

How DO nMUi tarn Iiin »Ma»ie; 

Bat iMoa ye nsl barde Ibia, 

How an ooe ejed mail is 

WeU BTgfaHd wtwn 

He b amonge Ujnde laea? 

Than, oar pnxc^se far la itMa, 
Tt^ mu w«s fan ToaUs 
To recfae to tneba degra^ 
Had aat oor ptynce be 
RoTall HciBT the ej-fat. 
Take bim ia sncbe eoaee j ' g ht. 
That be $«4 bin OB beTgbt, 
Id «x«iDpljr}refiee 
Gmt Alexander tlw kvnge. 
In wriiyo-e a» we fjwle : 
Whicbe of bis njrall ■ jnde, 


And of his noble pleasure, 

Transcendynge out of mesure, , 

Thought to do a thjnge 

That perteyneth to a kynge, 

To make vp one of nought, 

And made to him be brought 

A wretched poore man, , 

Whiche his lyuenge wan ' 

With plantyng of lekes 

By the dayes and by the wekes, 

And of this poore vassall 

He made a kynge royall, 

And gaue him a realme to rule, 

That occupyed a showell, 

A mattoke, and a spade, 

Before that he was made 

A kynge, as I haue tolde. 

And ruled as he wolde. 

Suche is a kynges power. 

To make within an hower, 

And worke suche a myracle, 

That shall be a spectacle 

Of renowme and worldly fame : 

In lykewyse now the same 

Cardynall is promoted, 

Yet with lewde condicyons cotyd, 

As herafter ben notyd, 

Presumcyon and vayne glory, 

Enuy, wrath, and lechery, 

Couetys and glotony. 


SloulliruU to do good, 

Nov frantick, now starke wode. 

Sliulde this man ot'suuhe mode 
Rule the Bwerde of myght, 
How can he do ryght ? 
For he wyll as gone amygtil 
Hia frende ae his fo ; 
A prouerbe longe ago. 

Set vp a wretche on hye 
In a trone triumphantlye, 
Make him fi great astate, 
And be wyll play cheuke mate 
With ryall maie^te, 
Couute him selt'e aa good as he : 
A prelate potency a II, 
To rule vnder Bellyall, 
As ferce and as cmcU 
As the fynd of bell. 
His SQi^usiinles menyall 
He dotbe reuyle, and brail, 
Lyke Muhounde in a play i 
No man dare him wilhiay : 
He halh dispyglit and scome 
At ihetn that he well borne; 
He rebukes them and vayle^, 
Ye horson*, ye vassaylea. 
Ye knaues, ye cburles soaaya, 
Ye rebads, nnt worth two plummiS) 
Ye rayiibeiyn beggers reiagged. 
Ye recrayed ruflyiis nil ragged 1 


With, stowpe, thou hauell, 

Rynne, thou iauell I 

Thou peuysshe pye pecked, 

Thou loseil longe necked ! 

Thus dayly they be decked. 

Taunted and checked, 

That they ar so wo, •!• 

Tliat wot not whether to go. 

No man dare cotne to the speche 
Of this gentell lacke breche, 
Of what estate he be, 
Of spirituall dygnyte. 
Nor duke of hye degre, 
Nor marques, erle, nor lorde ; 
Whiche shrewdly doth accorde, 
Ttius he borne so base 
All noble men shulde out face, m 

His countynaunce lyke a kayser. 
My lorde is nat at layser ; 
Syr, ye must tary a stounde, 
Tyll better layser be founde ; 
And, syr, ye must daunce attendaunce, 
And take pacient sufferaunce. 
For my lordes grace 
Hath nowe no tyme nor space 
To speke with you as yet. 
And thus they shall syt, •» 

Chuse them syt or flyt, 
Stande, walke, or ryde, 
And his layser abyde 


Thou «'*"««' 
If"" Wjj wJ^" Packed, 

^"""fe/aL'''"^ '^ decked, 
^''«t wot „ ''"» 

fio man dar^ _ '" go. 
Of (his o. *^'ne to ti, 

/>« better iav/ f ''"""'^e, 
'^''*^' «Jr, ' jf'"'- ^^ found,. 

^«'i neve n ^ *''^ 

"'' ""■ 'te^ S "'• 






Ptifchaance Imllt: a jcre, 

Jioi ret neuer (he nere. 
Tbis daungerous dowsjpera, 

tyke a kyngfjjs peve ; 

Jiud wiiliin iliis xvi. yere 

He wolde haue ben ryglit fayne 

To haue ben a cbapleyne, 

Anil baue taken ryght gret payne 

Wilh a poore knyght, 

Wbal soeuer he hyghL 

Tiie chefe ot' his owne couosell, 

They can nal well lell 

Whan they wilh hym shuldc melli 

lie is so lyers and Fell; 

He rayles and he ratis, 

Ho palletb tbera doddypatis ; 

He gryiinea and he gapis, 

As it were lack napis. 

Suche a madde bedleme 

For lo rewie this reame, 

It is a wonders case : 

That the kyngea grace 

Is toward him so mynded, 
I Aiid so iarre blynded, 

Tiiat be can nat parceyue 
I Huw he doth hym disceyue, 

I dought, lest bysoraery, 
' r suche other loselry, 

3 wychecraft, or charmyng, 
for lie lit the kyngos derlyiig, 


And his swete hart rote, 
And is gouerned by this mad kote : 
For what is a man the better 
For the kynges letter ? 
For he wyll tere it asonder ; 
Wherat moche I wonder, 
Howe suche a hoddypoule 
So boldely dare controule, 
And so malapertly withstande 
The kynges owne hande, 
And settys nat by it a myte ; 
He sayth the kynge doth wryte 
And wrlteth he wottith nat what ; 
And yet for all that, 
The kynge his clemency 
Despensyth with his demensy. 

But what his grace doth thinke, 
I haue no pen nor inke 
That therwith can mell ; 
But wele I can tell 
How Frauncis Petrarke, 
That moche noble clerke, 
Wryteth how Charlemayn 
Coude nat him selfe refrayne, 
But was rauysht with a rage 
Of a lyke dotage : 
But how that came aboute. 
Rede ye the story oute, 
And ye shall fynde surely 
It was by nycromansy, 


Bj i-Hi'i-cms aod coDiurai:yon, 
Vnder a uerlcyue coiisleliscion, 
And a («riaj*ne fumygaoion, 
Vnder a stonu on a golde rjng, 
WrougkC to CliarleiDHyn ihe ^ingi 
Wliiciie constraynud Liin futcebly 
For to loae a ceriajue body ' 

Aboue all other iiiurdiuaily. 
This is no fablti nor no lyei 
At Aeon it wtu brought to pOSi 
As by luyne aucior iried it was. 
But let tni maiiiers nwihematical 
Tell you tbe rest, for me they shalf 
They haue the full iiHellygence, 
Aad dare 7S0 llie expcryttos, 
In there obsolule oonsciena 
To practyue suche sbolete sden>; * 
Fur I abliure to sniatter 
Of one so (icuyliy^she a matter. 

But 1 wyll make further reladoa 
Of ihis isagogieall eolation. 
How maisUjr Gi^uiue, tbu orownycler 
Of tbe Icjtis of war 
That were done in Fraunoe, 
Makeib remembraunce. 
How Kynge Lewes of lute 
Made vp a great aslate * 

Of a [HK>re wrelcbid mim, 
Wherof inuche tare bi'gan. 
lobannc^ Bulua was lii^ uam^ 


Myne auctor writeth the same ; 

Promoted was he 

To a cardynalles dygnyte 

By Lewes the kyng aforesayd, 

With hym so wele apayd, 

That he made him his chauncelar 

To make all or to mar, m 

And to rule as him lyst, 

Tyll he cheked at the fyst, 

And agayne all reason 

Com my ted open tray son 

And * against his lorde souerayn ; 

Wherfore he suffred payn, 

Was hedyd, drawen, and quarterd, 

And dyed stynkingly marterd. 

Lo, yet for all that 

He ware a cardynals hat, t« 

In hym was small fayth, 

As myne auctor sayth : 

Nat for that I mene 

Suche a easnelte shulde he sene, 

Or suche chaunce sbulde fall 

Vnto our cardynall. 

Allmyghty God, I trust. 
Hath for him dyscust 
That of force he must 

• ^ 

Be faythfull, trew, and iust wo 

To our most royall kynge, 

And] Perhaps ought to be thrown out. Compare v. 1062 


Chefe rote of his makjnge ; 
Yet it is a wyly mouse 
That can bylde his dwellinge house 
Within the cattes eare 
Withouten drede or feare. 
It is a nyce reconynge, 
To put all the gouernynge, 
All the rule of this lande 
Into one mannys hande : 
One wyse mannys hede 
May stande somwhat in stede ; 
i But the wyttys of many wyse 
■ Moche better can deuyse, 
By tlieyr cyrcumspection, 
And theyr sad dyrrection, 
To cause the commune weale 
I Lonn'e to endure in heale. 
Christ kepe King Henry the eyght 
From trechery and dysceyght, 
And graunt him grace to know 
The faucon from the crow, 
The wolfe from the lam, 
From whens that mastyfe cam I 
Let him neuer confounde 
The gentyll greyhownde: 
Of this matter the grownde 
Is easy to expounde. 
And soone may be perceyued. 
How the worlde is conueyed. 

But harke, my frendf, one worde 
In ernest or in borde : 


Tell me nowe in this stede 

Is maister Mewtas dede, 

The kynges Frenche secretary, 

And his vntrew aduersarj? 

For he sent in writynge 

To Fraunces the French kyng 

Of our maisters counsel in eueri thing : 

That was a peryllous rekenyng ! — 790 

Nay, nay, he is nat dede ; 

But he was so payned in the hede, 

That he shall neuer ete more bred. 

Now he is gone to another stede, 

With a bull vnder lead. 

By way of commissyon, 

To a straunge iurisdictyon, 

Called Dymingis Dale, 

Farre byyonde Portyngale, 

And hathe his pasport to pas w 

Ultra Sauromatas, 

To the deuyll, syr Sathanas, 

To Pluto, and syr Bellyall, 

The deuyls vycare generall, 

And to his college conuentuall. 

As well calodemonyall 

As to cacodemonyall, 

To puruey for our cardynall 

A palace pontifycall. 

To kepe his court prouyncyall, «• 

Vpon artycles iudicyall. 

To contende and to stryue 

I inn »ife ;•» aof. ka ■ 


For I make you sure, 
Where trouth is abhorde. 
It is a plajne recorde 
That there wantys grace; 
In whose place 
Dothe occupy, 
Full vngracyously, 
Fals flaterj) 
Fals trechery, 
Fals brybery, 
Subtyle Sym Sly, 
With madde foly ; 
For who can best lye^ 
He IB best set by. 
Than farewell to th^, 
WelthfuU felycite ! 
For prosperyte 
Away than wyll fle. 
Than must we agre 
With pouerte ; 
For mysery, 
With penury, 
And wretchydly 
Hath made askrye 
And outcry, 
Folowynge the chase 
To dryue away grace. 
Yet sayst thou percase. 
We can lacke no grace, 
OL. II. 20 


For my lordes grace, 
And my ladies grace, 
With trey duse ase, 
And ase in the face, 
Some haute and some base, 
Some daunce the trace 
Euer in one case : 
Marke me that chase 
In the tennys play. 
For synke quater trey 
Is a tall man : 
He rod, but we ran. 
Hay, the gye and the gan ! 
The gray gose is no swan ; 
The waters wax wan. 
And beggers they ban. 
And they cursed Datan, 
J)e trihu Dan^ 
That this warke began, 
Palam et clam, 
With Balak and Balam, 
The golden ram 
Of Flemmyng dam, 
Sem, lapheth, or Gim. 

But howe comme to pa% 
Your cupboard that was 
Is tourned to glasse, 
From syluer to brasse. 
From golde to pewter. 
Or els to a newter, 


To copper, to tyn, 

To lede, or alcumjn ? 

A goldsmyth your mayre ; 

But the chefe of your fayre 

Myght stande nowe by potters, 

And suche as sell trotters : 

Pytchars, potshordis, 

This shrewdly accordis «• 

To be a cupborde for lordys. 

My lorde now and syr knyght, 
Good euyn and good nyght ! 
For now, syr Trestram, 
Ye must weare bukram. 
Or Cannes of Cane, 
For sylkes are wane. 
Our royals that shone, 
Our nobles are gone 
Amonge the Burgonyons, m 

And Spanyardes onyons. 
And the Flanderkyns. 
Gyll swetis, and Gate spynnys, 
They are happy that wynnys ; 
But Englande may well say, / 

Fye on this wynnyng all way ! 
Now nothynge but pay, pay. 
With, laughe and lay downe, 
Borowgh, cyte, and towne. 

Good Sprynge of Lanam ■• 

Must counte what became 
Of his clothe makynge : 

808 wnr comu 

He is at 5u<^he lukynge, 
Ttiougb his puriie wax dull, 
He must tax for his wnll 
By nature of a newe writ i 
My lordys grace nametfa it 
A quia non tatisfacit.' 
In the spyght of his tethe 
He must pay agayne 
A thousande or twayns 
Of his golde in store ; 
And yet he payite before 
An huTiderd pounde and more, 
Whiche pyncheth him sore, 
My lordis grace wjll brya^ 
Downe Ihis hye sprynge, 
And brynge it so lowe, 
It shall nat euer flowe. 

Suche a prelate, I trowe. 
Were worthy to rowe 
Thorow the streyles of Maro 
To the gybbet of Baldock : 
He wolde dry vp tho stremys j 
Of ix, kinges realmys, 
All ryuers and wellys, 
All waters that swellya; 
For wiih vs he so mellys 
That within Englande dwellys, 
I wolde he were Homwhere ellys; 
Foi' els hy and by 
He wyll drynke VS so iJrje, 


To copper, to tyn, 

To lede, or alcumjn ? 

A goldsmyth your mayre ; 

But the chefe of your fayre 

Myght stande nowe by potters, 

And suche as sell trotters : 

Pytchars, potshordis, 

This shrewdly accordis na 

To be a cupborde for lordys. 

My lorde now and syr knyglit. 
Good euyn and good nyght I 
For now, syr Trestram, 
Ye must weare bukram, 
Or canues of Cane, 
For sylkes are wane. 
Our royals that shone, 
Our nobles are gone 
Amonge the Burgonyons, m 

And Spanyardes onyons. 
And the Flanderkyns. 
Gyll swetis, and Gate spynnys. 
They are happy that wynnys ; 
But Englande may well say, / 

Fye on this wynnyng all way ! 
Now nothynge but pay, pay. 
With, laughe and lay downe, 
Borowgh, cyte, and towne. 

Good Sprynge of Lanam w 

Must counte what became 
Of his clothe makynge : 


That nileth but he alone, 
"^ Without all good reason, 
And all out of season : 
For Folam peason 
"Wilh hira be nat geson ; 
They growwe very rauke 
Vpon euery banke 
Of his herbers grene, 
With Taj lady bryght and sbene;1 
On theyr game it is sene 
They play nat all clene, 
And it be &s 1 wene. 

But as toucliynge dyscrecyon, I 
With sober dyrectyon, 
He kepeth them in subiectyon: 
They crtn baue no prolectyon 
To rule nor to guyde, 
But all must be tryde. 
And abyde the correciyon 
Of his wylfull affectyon. 
For as for wylte. 
The deuyll spede wfaitle I 
But brayngyk and braynlesse, 
Wyilea and recheleese, 
Carcles and ebamtesse, 
Thriftles and gracelesse, 
Together are bended 
And so eondyscended, 
That the commune welth 
Shall ncuer liaue good lieUh. 


To copper, to tyn, 

To lede, or alcumjn ? 

A goldsmyth your mayre ; 

But the chefe of your fay re 

Myght stande nowe by potters, 

And suche as sell trotters : 

Pytchars, potshordis, 

This shrewdly accordis 

To be a cupborde for lordys. 

My lorde now and syr knyght, 
Good euyn and good nyght ! 
For now, syr Trestram, 
Te must weare bukram. 
Or canues of Cane, 
For sylkes are wane. 
Our royals that shone, 
Our nobles are gone 
Amonge the Burgonyons, 
And Spanyardes onyons. 
And the Flanderkyns. 
Gyll swetis, and Gate spynnys. 
They are happy that wynnys ; 
But Fnglande may well say, / 


Fye on this wynnyng all way ! 
Now nothynge but pay, pay. 
With, laughe and lay downe, 
Borowgh, cyte, and towne. 

Good Sprynge of Lanam 
Must counte what became 
Of his clothe makynge : 



His mailnesae by writynge, 
Hia sjtnplenesse rcsylynge, 
Remordyiige and bylynge, 
With chydjng and with flytyi 
Shewynge him Goddl^ lawis: 
He calleth the preciioure dawis, 
And of holy scnptutes sawis 
He couniuih tJiem fur gygawis, 
And putteth them to lyleiice 
And ' with wordii of vyolence, 
Lyke Pharao, voyde of grace, 
Dyd Mojses sore manitse. 
And Amn Bore be tliret. 
The worde of God to let; 
Tbis maumet in lyke wyse 
Against the churcbe dolli ryee; 
The preehour he dothe dyspyse, 
With crakynge in puche wyse, 
So bnkggynge all with host, 
That no prechoui- almost 
Dare epeke for his lyfe 
Of my iordis grace nor his wjfe, 
For he liaih suclie a bull, 
He may take whom he wull. 
And as many as him lykys ; 
May ete p'ggea in Lent for pikys, 
After the sectes of licreljkis. 
Lent he wyll eie 


r of fleasbe 

> And] rerliap? onght to be tt 


That he can ony where gete ; 

With other abusyons grete, 

Wherof for to trete 

It wolde make the deuyll to swete, 

For all priuileged places /^ , 

He brekes and defaces, ^ 

All plads of relygion 

He bathe them in derisyon, 

And makith suche prouisyon :m 

To dryae them at diuisyon, 

And fynally in conclusyon 

To bringe them to confusyon ; 

Saint Albons to recorde 

Wherof this vngracyous lorde 

Hathe made him selfe abbot, 

Against their wylles, God wot. 

All this he dothe deale 

Vnder strength of the great scale, 

And by his legacy, iioo 

Whiche madly he dothe apply 

Vnto an extrauagancy 

Pyked out of all good lawe, 

With reasons that ben rawe. 

Yet, whan he toke first his hat, 

He said he knew what was what ; 

All iustyce he pretended. 

All thynges sholde be amended. 

All wronges he wolde redresse, 

All iniuris he wolde represse, nw 

All periuris he wolde oppresse ; 


And yet this gracelesse elfe, 

He is peri u red liimselfe. 

As plainly it liothe appere, | 

Wbo \yst to enquere 

111 Che regestry 

Of my Lords of Cantorburjr, 

To whom be was professed 

In tlire poyntes expressed; 

The fjrst to do him reuerence, i" 

The eeconde to owe hym obedjenWf 

The thirde with hole affectyon 

To be vpder his subiectyon ; 

But now be makeib obiectyoD, 

Vuder the pi'olectyon 

Of tlie kynges great seale, 

Thai he setteth oeuer a. deale 

By his former othe. 

Whether God be pleased or wrolh. 

He niakith so proude prelens, "■ 

Tliut in his equipolens 

He iugyth him equiuaknt 

With God omnipotent : 

But yet beware the rodi 

And the stroke of God I 

The Apostyll Peter 
Hud a, pore mjter 
And a pooi-e cope 
Wlian lie was cieat Pope, 
First in Anlioche; 
He dyd neuer approchu 


Of Rome to the see 
Weth suche dygnyte. 

Saynt Dunstane, what was he ? 
Nothynge, he sayth, lyke to me : 
There is a dyuersyte 
Bytwene him and me ; 
We passe hym in degre, 
As legatus a latere. 

JEcce, sacerdos magnus, iw 

That wyll hed vs and hange vs, 
And streitly strangle vs 
And he may fange vs ! 
Deere and decretall, 
Constytucj'on prouincyall, 
Nor no lawe canonicall, 
Shall let the preest pontyficall 
To syt in cattsa sanguinis. 
No we God amende that is amys ! 
For I suppose that he is >»8« 

Of leremy the whyskynge rod, 
The flayle, the scourge of almighty God. 

This Naman Sirus, 
So fell and so irous, 
So full of malencoly, 
With a flap afore his eye, 
Men wene that he is pocky, 
Or els his surgions they lye, 
For, as far as they can spy 
By the craft of surgery, im 

It is manus Domini, 

NAT TO c(k;btk2'I 

And yet this proude 
He U i>o ambicious, 
So elvtu, and so vidom^ 
And 50 croell liertjd, 
Tlml lie w^lt nul be eauuenji; 
For he icileili God •foi). 
He b ootve to ouenbwti>rt. 
And so pajrned with puigu. 
That «I1 bis irusl han^ 
la Bttlikasor, wLielie lulled 
Dotuingos nose cUat w»t whded; 
Tliai I.Hinberdes Do$e nesnc i. 
Thai jidiidwh yet awiye; 
Ii wjto iiat ht^lt'd alderbesl. 
It ji:ti>d«'tli somwhat oa ibe V( 
1 01VUIIV Uoiiijngo LodmIth, 
Tlutl WAS woiti u> wjn 
Uurhe mooey uf rhe ^jage 
Al ihe cHrdya nnH hasndj-np: "■ 
BttllliMMir, that helyd Ooioii^ns noa 
Frunt Ihe [>Uiskylde pcx^ky po^e, 
\uw wild his gummTs of Arabj 
HhiU iiroutised to Lele our <^mliiiab ep:: 
Yet SUN surgions put a dont, 
litMt ho wyll put it cl«n« omi. 
Andinitkc him lame oThiFoedST'liniDi'^^'' 
Liml hmide him sorowe for bii siini«l 
Siiinn men myght a>ke a qatatiA 
By whose tiuggestyoa * 

' lokii on hand (his wnrkv, 
Tliua boldly for to barke ? 

e •» 



And men lyst to harke, 

And my wordes marke, 

I vryW answere lyke a clerke ; 

For trewlj and vnfayned, 

I am forcebly constrayned. 

At luuynals request, 

To wryght of this glorious gest, 

Of this vayne glorj'ous best, vm 

His fame to be en crest 

At euery solempne feest ; 

Quia difficile est 

Satiram non icribere. 

Now, mayster doctor, ho we say ye, 

What soeuer your name be ? 

What though ye be namelesse, 

Ye shall not escape blamelesse, 

Nor yet shall scape shamlesse : 

Mayster doctor in your degre, vm 

Yourselfe madly ye ouerse ; 

Blame luuinall, and blame nat me : 

Maister doctor Diricum, 

Omne animi vitium, && 

As luuinall dothe recorde, 

A small defaute in a great lorde, 

A lytell cry me in a great astate, 

Is moche more inordinate, 

And more horyble to beholde, 

Than any other a thousand folde. i«o 

Ye put to blame ye wot nere whom ; 

Ye may weare a cockes come ; 


Your I'unde hed in jour furred liuoJ, 
Ilulde ye your tong, ye caa no goodc 
And at more conuenyent tyoie 
I may fortune for lo ryme 
SotnwhHI of yonr miidnesse ; 
For small is your saJnesse 
To put uny ratm in lack, 
And say jll behjndt: liU back: '' 

And my wordes marke truly. 
That ye can nat Lyde thereby. 
For smegma now est etitnanwrnum 
But de ahsentibui nii nisi boKUiH, 
CompUyae, or do what ye wyll, 
Of your complaynt il shall Da[ skytr 
/This in the tenor of my byl, 

dmicockye be, and so sbalbe stylL 

SequituT Eipitoma 
Dc iitorbilloio noma, 
Necnan ohicveno 
De Pul^p/temo, ^e. 

Purro ferheUe dissimiiiatutTt 
Ilium Piindulphum, taratim U 
Tarn fotijiidatum niiptr prteLtluni 
Ceu Namaa Sffrum nw 
In goliladinejam eoinmoratum, 
NeapoUtano inorho j/rai^tnn, 
MalayiniVe. catapUtam-Ue ttrahtm 
Ph tirmaa-pvlee frrrv /uralitm. 



Nihilo magis cUlevicUum, 

Nihilo melius aiU medicatum, it 

Jielictis famulis ad famulatum, 

Quo toUatur infamia, 

Sed major patet insania ; 

A modo ergo ganea 

AbhorrecU iUe ganeus, 

Dominus male creticusy 

Aptius dictus tetricusy 

I^ancUicus, pkreneticus, 

Graphicus sicut metricus 

Autumat, « 

Hoc germs dictaminis 
Non eget examinis 
In centihquio 
Nee centimetro 


MARimjM, &C. 

)h dolor, ecce, maris lupus, et nequissimus ursus, 
mifids vitiUus, Britonumque buhulcus iniquus^ 
iflatus vitulus vel Oreb, vel Salmane vel Zeb, 
"duus, et crudelis Asaphque Datan reprobatuSy 
ndus et Achitophel regis, scelu^ omne Britan^ 

desias qui namque Thomas confundit uMque, 
% sacer iste Thomas^ sed duro corde GolcaSy 


Quern geilat mulu*, — SaC/iane, cacel, ohsecro, 
Fundeaa atpkaltuin, precor ! Hune versum 
cautum ; 

Aaperim nihil est misera quum iurget in alti 

Exeital, en, asirtiu nmlum, mira/iila msu, 
Oalcibus ! veitro cives occttrrile ateUo, 
Qui regnum Tegemque regit, qui vegtra gubtruai 
J'rxdia, divitias, uitntmos, gazas, ipoliandoJ 

Dijril alludeiis, iminn ilfudeits, 

aiiiio uui-eo gnleraio. 





Reiotse, Englanie, "v . 

And vnderstande 

These tidinges newe, 

Whiche be as trewe 

As the gospell : 

This duke so fell 

Of Albany, 

So cowardly, 

With all his boost 

Of the Scottyshe coost, m 

For all theyr boost, 

Fledde lyke a beest; 

Wherfore to ieste 

Is my delyght 

Of this cowarde knyght, 

And for to wright 

In the dispyght 

Of the Scottes ranke 

Of Huntley banke, 

♦ From Marshe's ed. of Skelton'8 Workeif 1668. 
VOL. II. 21 


Of Lowdyan, 
Of Locryan, 
And the ragged ray 
Of Galaway. 

Dunbar, Dunde, 
Ye shall trowe me, 
False Scottes are ye : 
Your hartes sore faynted, 
And so ^ attaynted, 
Lyke cowardes starke, 
At the castell of Warke, 
By the water of Twede^ 
Ye had euill spede ; 
Lyke cankerd curres, 
Ye loste your spurres. 
For in that fraye 
Ye ranne awaye. 
With, hey, dogge, hay I 
For Sir William Lyle 
Within shorte whyle. 
That valiaunt knyght, 
Putte you to flyght ; 
By his valyaunce 
Two thousande of Fraunce 
There he putte backe, 
To your great lacke. 
And vtter shame 
Of your Scottysshe name. 

1 80] Qy. "sore? 



Your chefe cheftayne, 

Voyde of* all brayne, 

Duke of all Albany, «» 

Than shamefuly 

He reculed backe, 

To his great lacke, 

Whan he herde tell 

That my lorde amrell 

Was comyng downe, 

To make hym frowne 

And to make hym lowre, j 

With the noble powre 

Of my lorde cardynall, • 

As an boost royall, 

After the auncient manner, 

With sainct Cutberdes banner, 

And sainct Williams also ; 

Your capitayne ranne to go, 

To go, to go, to go, 

And brake vp all his boost 

For all his crake and host, 

Lyke a cowarde knyght. 

He fledde, and durst nat fyght, it 

He ranne awaye by night. 

But now must I 
Your Duke ascry 
Of Albany 

With a worde or twayne 
In sentence playne. 

Ye duke so doutty. 
So Sterne, so stoutty. 


Id shurle -lenteiis, 

Of your pmtena 

Whut i^ the grounde, 

Breucly and rounde 

To me expounde, 

Or els wjil I 


Sbeu-e as it isj 

For the cause is this, 

Howe ye pretends 

For to det'cnde 

The yonge Scottyshe kyng 

But ye meane a ihyng, 

And ye coude bryng 

The matter about, 
\ To puite bis eyes out 
' And put hvm dowue, 

And set liys crowoe 

On your owne heed 

Whan he were deed. 

Such ti-echery 

And Irajtory 

la all your cast; 

Thus ye baue compast 

With the Frenche kyng 

A fals rekenyng 

To eituade Englande, 

Ab I vnderBtande : 

But our kyng royall, 

Whose name ouer sU, 

Noble Henry the eyghV 


Shall cast a bejght, im 

And sette suche a snare, 

That shall cast you in care, 

Bothe Kyng Fraunces and the. 

That knowen ye shall be 

For the moost recrayd 

Cowardes afrayd. 

And falsest forsworne. 

That euer were borne. 

O ye wretched Scpttea, 
Ye puaunt pyspottes, m 

It shalbe your lottes 
To be kuytte vp with knottes 
Of halters and ropes 
About your traytours throtes ! 
O Scottes pariured, 
Vnhaply vred, 
Ye may be assured 
Your falshod discured 
It is and shal be 

From the Scottish se m 

Vnto Gabione ! 
For ye be false echone. 
False and false agayne, 
Neuer true nor playne, 
But fiery, flatter, and fayne, 
And euer to reraayne 
In wretched beggary 
And maungy misery, 
In lousy lothsumnesse 

;e douty duke of albani, kto.^ 

And scabbed scorSjnesse, 
And in abliominacion 
Nacion moost in hute, 
Proude und poore of siaie. 
Twyt, Scot, go kepe tby den, 
MeU nat with Englyslie men ; 
Thou dyd notbyng but barke 
At the caslell of Warke. 
Twyt, Scot, yet agnjne ones, 
We sliall breke thy bones. 
And hang you vpon poUes, 
And byrne you all lo colles ; 
With, iwyt, Scot, twyt, Scot, twyl, 
Walke, Scot, go begge a byl 
Of brede at yike mannes beeke : 
The fyndc, Scot, breke thy neoki- ! 
Twyl, Scot, agayne I saye, 
Twyt, Scot of Galaway, 
Twyt, Scot, shake tby dogge,' Imj ! 
Twyt, Scot, thou ran away. 

We set not a flye 
By your Duke of Albany ; 
We set nat a prane 
By Budie a dronken dranei 
We Bet nat a myght 
By suche a cowarde knyght, 
Suche a proude palyarde, 

l%(foj,i-ej (Jy. "lh6,doggBV' butM 


Suche a skyrgaliarde, 

Suche a starke cowarde, 

Suche a proude pultrowne, i« 

Suche a f'oule coystrowne, 

Suche a doutty dagswayne ; 

Sende him to F[r]aunce agayne, 

To bring with hyrn more brayne 

From Kynge Fraunces of Frauns : 

God sende them bo the myschauns ! 

Ye Scottes all the rable, 
Ye shall neuer be liable 
With vs for to compare ; 
What though ye starape and stare ? »« 
God sende you sorow and care I 
With vs whan euer ye mell, 
Yet we bear away the bell, 
Whan ye cankerd knaues 
Must crepe into your caues 
Your heedes for to hyde, 
For ye dare nat abyde. 

Sir Duke of Albany, 
Right inconuenyently 
Ye rage and ye raue, i» 

And your worshyp depraue: 
Nat lyke Duke Hamylcar, 
With the Romayns that made war, 
Nor lyke his sonne Ha ny ball. 
Nor lyke Duke Hasdruball 
Of Cartage in Aphrike ; 
Yet somwhat ye be lyke 


Id some of their condicions. 
And their fltlse sedyciona, 
And their deuiyng double, 
And llieir weywarde trouble: 
But yet they were bolde, 
And manly inanyibide, 
Their etiemyea to assayls 
In playn ielde and ballayle; 
But ye and your boost. 
Full of bra^e and boost, 
And I'uil of wastd wynde, 
Howe ye wy!l beres bynde, 
And the deuill dowae dynge, 
Yet ye dare do nothyiige, 
But lepe away lyke IVoggea, 
And hyde you vnder logges, 
Lyke pygges aud lyke bogges, 
And lyke muungy do^es. 
What an army were ye ? 
Or what actyuyte 
Is in yoo, heggera braules, 
Full ot' scabbes and scaulea, 
Of vermyne and of lyce, 
And of ull luaner vyce ? 

Syr duke, nay, syr dudte, 
Syr dmke of the lake, s: 
Of the donghyll, for amaU iuc 
Te haue in feiiEea of warre 
Ye make nought, bat ye n 
Ye are a " 


And a fals abusar, 

And an vntrewe knyght ; 

Thou hast to lytell myght w 

Agaynst Englande to fyght ; 

Thou art a graceles wyght 

To put thy selfe to flyght : 

A vengeaunce and dispight 

On th^ must nedes lyght^ 

That durst nat byde the sight 

Of my lorde amrell, 

Of chiualry the well, 

Of knighthode the floure 

In euery marciall shoure, *« 

The noble Erie of Surrey, 

That put th^ in suche fray ; 

Thou durst no felde derayne. 

Nor no batayle mayntayne 

Against our 8t[r]onge captaine, 

But thou ran home agayne, 

For feare thou shoulde be slayne, 

Lyke a Scottyshe keteryng, 

That durst abyde no reknyng ; 

Thy hert wolde nat serue the : «» 

The fynde of hell mot sterue th^ I 

No man hath harde 
Of suche a cowarde, 
And such a mad ymage 
Caried in a cage, 
As it were a cotage ; 
Or of suche a mawment 


Carjed in a lent; 
In a lent ! nay, nay, 
Bui in ft mounlayne gaj 
Lyke H great hill 
For 8 wyndinil, 
TLerin tu uouclie styll, 
Tliatng man bym kylii, 

About liym a parks 

Of a madde warku, 

Heu uill it a loyle ; 

Therin, lykti a royle, 

Sir Dunkan, ye dured,^ 

And thus ye prepared'f 

Toure carkiis to kepa, ■ 

L3'ke a sely sliepe, 

A shepe of Cotiysivolda, 

From rayne wnd from colde, 

And from raynniiig of rappes, j 

And sucUe aftyr olappes ; 

Thus in your cowardly CMtell 1 

Ye decte you to dwell : 

SucLe a rapinyne of bors, 

It made no gi-eat fora 

If" that ye had lane 

Your last deedly bane 

With a goD Bioiie, 

To uiake you lo grone. 

Bui liyde ihe, sir Topiaa, 


Nowe into the castell of Bas, 

And lurke there, lyke an as, 

With some Scotyshe [I]as, mi 

With dugges, dugges, dugges : 

I shrewe tliy Scottishe lugges, 

Thy munpynnys, and thy crag, 

For thou can not but brag, 

Lyke a Scottyshe hag : 

Adue nowe, sir Wrig wrag, 

Adue, sir Dalyrag ! 

Tliy mellyng is but mockyng ; 

Thou may St glue vp thy cocking, 

Gyue it vp, and cry creke, 300 

Lyke an buddy peke. 

Wherto shuld I more speke 
Of suche a farly freke, 
Of suche an home keke, 
Of suche an bolde captayne. 
That dare nat turne agayne. 
Nor durst nat crak a worde, 
Nor durst nat drawe his swerde 
Agaynst the Lyon White, 
But ran away quyte ? «• 

He ran away by nyght, 
In the owle flyght, 
Lyke a cowarde knyght. 
Adue, cowarde, adue, 
Fals knight, and mooste vntrue I 
I render the, fals rebelle, 
To the flingande fende of belle. 


; OF AiBANT, Bid 


Uarkc yet, »ir duke, a 
In einest or ia borde: 
WLai, liaue je, viDayn, forged, 
And virulently djsgorged, 
Ai though ye wolde parbrake, 
Your uuauns to make, 
WitU wordes enbosed, 
Vngracioualy engrosed, 
Howe ye wyll vudertake 
Our Toj-all kyng to make 
His owne realme to Forsake ? 
Suciie lewde langage ye spoke. 
Sir Duiikan, in the deuill naye, 
Be well ware what ye say : 
Ye saye liiat he and ye, — 
Whycbe he and ye? let se; 
Ye racane Frauncea, French kyngi 
Shuhle bring about that thing. 
I say, thou levvi]e lurdayne, 
Thai neyther of you Iwayne 
So hardy nor so bolde 
His countenaunce lo beholde: 
If our moost royall Harry 
Lyst with you to varry. 
Full 8oone ye should miscary, 
For ye durst nal tarry 
With hym to siryue a stownde; 
If he on you but frounde, 
Nat for a ihoufande pounde 
Ye dui'st byde on the grounde, 


Ye wolde ryn away rounde, 

And cowardly tourne your backes, 

For all your comly crackes, aw 

And, for feare par case 

To loke hym in the face. 

Ye wolde defoyle the place. 

And ryn your way apace. 

Thoughe I trym you thys trace 

With Englyshe somwhat base. 

Yet, satie voster grace, 

Therby I shall purchace 

No displesaunt rewarde, 

If ye wele can regarde «•■ 

Your cankarde co ward n esse 

And your shamfull doublenesse. 

Are ye nat frantyke madde, 
And wretchedly bestadde. 
To rayle agaynst his grace, 
That shall bring you full bace, \ 
And set you in suche case, 
That bytwene you twayne 
There shalbe drawen a trayne 
That shalbe to your payne ? 
To fly eye shalbe fayne. 
And neuer tourne agayne. 

What, wold Fraunces, our friar, 
Be suche a false lyar, 
So madde a cordylar, 
So madde a murmurar? 
Ye muse somwhat to far ; 


Wene ye, daucockes, (o diiae ■! 
Our kyng out of his reme ? 
Ge heme, ranke S«oI, ge h( 

With fonde Frauuces, French kj- 

Our luaysler shall you brynge 

I trust, to lowe estate, 

And mate you with chekma(e^_ 
Tour braynes arr ydell i 

Ii is time for yoa to brydell. 

And pype in a quibyble i 

For it is impossible 

For you to bring about. 

Oar kyng for to dryne out 
' Of lliis his realme rayall 
I And lande imperialli 

So noble a prince as he 
I In all actyuite 

Of hardy mirrmll aci^ 

Fortunute in all tiis fayies.' 
And nowe I wyll m« dfcae 
\ Hi:) valinuncc to espresse, 
JTbough insufficient am I 

IHis grace to magnify 

Und Uude equiualently ; 

Howe be it, loyally. 

i&fter myne allegyaunce, 

^y pen I nyll auauDce 



To extoll hid noble grace, / 

In spyght of thy cowardes face, 

In spyght of Kyng Fraunces, 

Deuoyde of all nobles, ^w 

Deuoyde of good corage, 

Deuoyde of wysdome sage. 

Mad, frantyke, and sauage ; 

Thus he dothe disparage 

His blode with fonde dotage. 

A prince to play the page (^ 

It is a rechelesse rage, 

And a lunatyke ouerage. 

What though my stile be rude ? 

With trouthe it is ennewde : ! «» 

Trouth ought to be rescude, 

Trouthe should nat be subdude. 

But nowe will I expounde 
What noblenesse dothe abounde, 
And what honour is founde. 
And what vertues be resydent 
In our royall regent. 
Our perelesse president, 
Our kyng most excellent : 

In merciall prowes m 

Lyke vnto Hercules ; 
In prudence and wysdom 
Lyke vnto Salamon ; 
In his goodly person 
Lyke vnto Absolon ; 
In loyalte and foy 


Lyke to Eclor of -Troy ; 
And his glory lo incres, 
Lyke lo Scipiuclea; 
In royal mageste 
Lyke vnlo Ptliolome, 
Lyke to Duku losue, 
And ibe valimini Mochube; 
That if I wolde reporte 
All the roiall sorle 
Of his nobilyle, 
Hia magnBiiyinyte, 
His animosiie, 
His frugalite, 
His affiibililis 
His humnnj'te, 
His slahilile, 

His hu[ 

His benignite, 
His royall dif^nyte, 
My lernyiig is lo sraall 
For to recount iliem all. 
\ What loseU than are ye, 
Lyke cowardes as ye be. 
To rayle on his astate, 
With wordes inordinate I 
He rules his cominalte 
With all benignite ; 
His noble baronage, 
|He puttetb them in corage 


To explojte dedes of arrays, 

To the domage and harmys 

Of suche as be his foos ; 

Where euer he lydes or goos, «w 

His subiectes he dothe supporte, ; 

Maintayne them with comforte 

Of his moste princely porte. 

As all men can reporte. 

Than ye be a knappishe sorte, 
Et faiiez a luy grant iorie, 
With your enbosed iawes 
To rayle on hym lyke dawes ; 
The fende scrache out your mawes ! 

All his subiectes and he «• 

Moost louyngly agre 
With hole hart and true mynde, 
They fynde his grace so kynde ; 
Wherwith he dothe them bynde 
At all houres to be redy 
With hym to lyue and dye, 
And to spende their hart blode. 
Their bodyes and their gode, 
With hym in all dystresse, 
Alway in redynesse «« 

To assyst his noble grace ; 
In spyght of thy cowardes face, 
Moost false attaynted traytour. 
And false forsworne faytour. 

Auaunte, cowarde recrayed [ 
Thy pride shalbe alayd ; 
OL. II. 22 


Wilh sir Fraunces of Frannce 
We shall pype you a daunce. 
Shall lourne you to myschauns. 

I rede ytiu, lake about ; 
For ye ^balbe driuen out 
Of your lande in shorle apace : 
We will so folowe in ihe chace, 
That ye shall haue do grace 
For to lourne your face ; 
And thus, Sainct George to boro< 
Ye shall haue ghame and soroffftj 

Go, lytell quayre, quickly ; 

Shew them that shall you teit, 
How that ye are lykely 

Ouer all the woilde to spredi 
The fab Scoties lor dred, 

Wiih the Duke of Albany, 
Beside the water of Twede 

They fledde full cowardly. 
Though your Engliahe be rude, j 

Barreyne of eloquence, 
Tel, iireuely lo couclude, 

Grounded is your sentence 
On trouthe, viider defence 

Of all trewe Englysbemen, 
Thia mater to credence 

Thai I wraie with my pen. 




Go, lytell quay re, apace. 

In moost humble wyse. 
Before his noble grace, 

That caused you to deuise 

This lytel enterprise ; 
And hym moost lowly pray. 

In his mynde to comprise 
Those wordes hid grace dyd saye 
Of an ammas gray. 

le foy enterment en sa horu grace. 

SkeUon Laureat, cbsequioua et loyall] Perhaps these worda 
a portion of the superscription to the Lenuoy which fol- 
8. The Lenuoy itself does not, I apprehend, belong to tba 
m on the Duke of Albany. See Accowat of SkeUon^ &o. 




Candida, pu- The Rose both White and Rede 

nica, &c. ▼ -r* 

In one Rose now dothe grow ; 

Thus thorow every stede 

Thereof the fame dothe blow : 
Grace the sede did sow : 

England, now gaddir flowris, 

Exclude now all dolowrs. 

NobOis Hen- Noble Henry the eight, 

Thy loving souereine lorde, 

Of kingis line moost streight, 
His titille dothe recorde : 
In whome dothe wele acorde 

Alexis yonge of age, 

Adrastus wise and sage. 

1 A laicde andprayse made for our souereigne lord the iyi/l 
Such (in a different handwriting from that of the poeiuj S' 
the endorsement of the MS., which consists of two leave*, 
bound up in the volume marked B. 2. 8, (pp. 67-69,) amonj: 
tlie Kecords of the Treasury of the Receipt of the Exchequer, 
now at the Rolls House. [Printed for the first time by D.v-'^' 
from a manuscript discovered by Mr. W. H. Black.] Qy. ^ 
this poem the piece which, in the catalogue of his own writ- 
ings, Skelton calls " The Boke of the Rosiar," Garlattde of 
Laurtll, V. 1178, vol. ii. 221V 


Astrea, Justice hight, 
That from the starry sky 

Shall now com and do right, 
This hunderd yere scantly 
A man kowd not aspy 

That Right dwelt vs among, 

And that was the more wrong : 

Sedibu* ce- 
Iheriis, Scc. 

Right shall the foxis chare, 
The wolvis, the beris also. 

That wrowght have moche care. 
And browght Englond in wo : 
They shall wirry no mo, 

Nor wrote the Rosary 

By extort trechery : 

Arcehii vuH' 

Of this our noble king 

The law they shall not breke ; 

They shall com to rekening ; 
No man for them wil speke : 
The pt'pil durst not creke 

Theire grevis to complaine. 

They browght them in soche paine : 

Ne tanti r^ 

Therfor no more they shall 
The commouns ouerbace, 

That wont wer ouer all 

Both lorde and knight to face ; 
For now the yeris of grace 

And welthe ar com agayne. 

That maketh England faine. 

Ecce Plato, 
iiis secJa, Slc. 


ti'siiii jam Adonis of freshe colour, 

iMitauitr Aidk>» 

uiH, *c. Of yowthe the godely flour, 

Our prince of high honour, 
Our paves, our succour, 
Our king, our emperour. 
Our Priamus of Troy, 
Our welth, our worldly joy ; 

AAfiorom Vpon vs he doth reigne, 

"* * That makith our hartis glad. 
As king moost soueraine 
That ever Englond had ; 
Demure, sober, and sad. 
And Martis lusty knight ; 
God save him in his right ! 


Blen men souient} 
Per me laurigerum Britonum Skeltonida 

1 Bien men souient] The.«e words are followed in the M>- 
by a. sort of flourished device, which might perhaps be renJ- 

" Deo (21) gratias.'' 





O MOSTE famous noble king! thy fame doth sprmg and 

Henry the Seventh, our soverain, in eiche regeon ; 
All England hath cause thy grace to love and dread, 

Seing embassadores seche fore protectyon, 

For ayd, helpe, and succore, which lyeth in thie electyone. 
England, now rejoyce, for joyous mayest thou bee, 
To see thy kyng so floreshe in dignetye. 

This realme a seasone stoode in greate jupardie. 

When that noble prince deceased, King Edward, 
Which in his dayes gate honore full nobly; 

* Ashmole, who first printed those lines from " MS, penes 
Artii. Com. Anglesey, ful 169," thinks that they were proba- 
bly by Skelfon: see Order of the Garter, p. 694. 

Frannoa, Spsyno, Sootelond, >nd Brilancf, Flnodan ilU| 
Three of thorn presant kiwpiDge tby noble feailc 

Of St. GflOrfTH ia Windsor, ambtaBiidots oomjing more,' 
Iclis of tliem in honors, bolbe tlie more and IhelcM^ 
Seeking thie gtaco Co bare thie noblo begestei 

Wherefore now nyoise, itnd joyons maisle thon bs, 

To He tby kyngs so florishing in dlgseCye. 

O knightly orders, clothed In cobea witb gartenl 
The queezi'B gruae and thy motlier clotheJ in tht BUK 

The nobles of thie realoie ricba in araye, aitere, 
Lordi, knighta, and ladyo", unlo thy greale &IIW! 
Now shall all embusaadois know thie noble oaiiie^ 

By thy feaste royal j nowe joyeooa mayBst tiioa be. 

To 9«e thie king so Sorishinge in digne^. 

llere tbis day St. George, patmn of this place, 
Honored witb the gartare ohoofe of ohevalfye! 

Chapleues synging proceseyon, keeping the umo, 
With arcbboshopes and bushopes bceeene nobly; 
Unch people preEanta tn sea the King Hesiyv: 

WheraGire oow, St. George, all ws pray to thee 

To keepo our soveraine !n his dignetye. 



NGE al alone, with sorowe sore encombred, 
rosty fornonc, faste by Seuernes syde, 
vordil beholdynge, wherat mocb I wondred 
the see and sonne to kepe both tyme and tyde, 

'he old ed. is a quarto, n. d. Above these words, on the 
)age, is a woodcut, exhibiting the author (with a falcon 
J hand) kneeling and presenting his work to the king, 
le reverse of the last leaf is Pynson's device, 
act really written by Smert, (or Smart,) the duke's fal- 
', (see stanza 3, and the subscription at the conclusion, 
irUj maister de ses ouzeaus") this curious poem was not, 
events, as the style decidedly proves, the composition 
elton, to whom it was first attributed by Bishop Tanner, 
ow print it from a transcript of the (probably unique) 
in the Pepysian library, — a transcript which appears to 
been made with the greatest care and exactness; but 1 
right to add, that I have not had an opportunity of 
r the original myself. 

per Tudor, second son of Owen Tudor by Katherine 
r of King Henry the Fifth, was created Earl of Pem- 
, in 1452, by his half-brother, King Henry the Sixth, 
that monarch had been driven from the throne by Ed- 
Jasper was attainted, and his earldom conferred on 
Br. He was agjiin restored to it, when Henry had re- 
}d the crown ; but being taken prisoner at the battle of 
t, he lost it a second time. After the battle of Bos- 
, Henry the Seventh not only rehistated Jasper (his 
) in the earldom of Pembroke, but also created him 
of Bedford, in 1485; subsequently appointed him Lieu- 
t of Ireland for one year, and granted to him and his 


His temples I rubbyd, and by the nose him hente; 

Al as in vayne was, he coude nat be reuyued; 

He waltered, he werule, and with himsilfe stryued, 

Such countenaunce contynuyng; but or I parte the place, 

Vp his hede he caste ; whan his woful goste aryued, 

Those wordes saynge with righte a pytous face: 

O sorowe, sorowe beyonde al sorowes sure ! 
All sorowes sure surmountynge, lo ! « 
*^» which payne no pure may endure, 
Kndure may none such dedely wo ! 
Wo, alas, ye inwrapped, for he is go ! 
^o is he, whose valyaunce to recounte, 
To recounte, all other it dyd surmounte. 

^one is he, alas, that redy was to do 

*che thynge that to nobles required ! * 

Gone is he, alas, that redy was to do 

Kche thynge that curtesye of him desyred I 

Whose frowarde fate falsely was con spy red 

By Antraphos vnasured and her vngracyous charmys; 

Jaspar I mene is gone. Mars sou in armys. 

He that of late regnyd in glory, 
With grete glosse buttylly glased,* 
Nowe lowe vnder fote doth he ly. 
With wormys ruly rente and rasyd. 
His carayne stynkynge, his fetures fasyd; 
Brother and vncle to kynges yesterday, 
Nowe is he gone and lafte ys as mased ; 
Closed here lyeth he in a clote of clay : 
Shall he come agayne ? a, nay, nay ! 
Where is he become, I can nat discusse : 
Than with the prophet may we say, 
Horn, inuefUus est locus eiua, 

a Metricus primus. Color, repeticio. [Side Note.\ 

b Metricus secundus. C. recitacio simplex. [Side JVbte.] 

e M. iii. C. narracio. [Side Note.] 


BestjTige in him was honoure with sadnesse, 
Curtesy, kjiidenesse, with great assuraunce, 
• Dispysynge vice, louynge alway gladnesse, 
Knyghtly condicyons, feythful alegeaunce, 
Kyndely deraenoure, gracyous vtteraunce; 
Was none senielyer, feture ne face ; 
Frendely him fostered quatriuial aliaunce; 
Alas, yet dede nowe arte thou, Jaspar, alas ! 

Wherfore sorowe to oure sorowe none can be foondt}, 

Ne cause agayne care to mollyfy cure monys: 

h Alas, the payne ! 

For his body and goste, 

That we loued moste. 

In a graue in the grounde 

Deth depe hath drounde 

Among robel and stonys : 

Wherfore complayne. 

Complayne, complayne, who can complayne; 

For I, alas, past am compleynte I 

To conipleyne wyt can not sustayne, 

« Deth me with doloure so hath bespraynte; 

For in my syghte, 

Oure lorde and knyghte, 

Contraiy to righte, 

Deth liatli siteynte. 

As the vyiest of a nacyon, 

Dcuoyde of consolacyon, 

By cruel crucyacyon, 

He hath combryd hym sore ; 

He hath him combryd sore. 

a Metricus quartus et retrogradiens. Color, disci 
r Side Note.] 
b Metricus quintus. [Side Note.] 
C M. vi. M. vii. C. iteracio. [Side Note.\ 


Frannce and Englonde bere byfore 

rs of both qnarteryd, 

with, hony totfte was garteryd, 

»we he is nowe marteiyd ! 

for sorowe therfore, 

for sorowe therfore ! 

and weleaway, 

leople many a score 

lira that yel and rore, 

that we were bore 

I this dolorous day ! 

asshy hue compleyne also, I cry, 
es, damosels, mynyonat and gorgayse; 
;htcs aunterus of the myghty monarchy, 
jlayne also; for he that m his dayes 
ihaunce wonte was your honoure, youre prayse, 
is he gone, of erthly blysse ryfyld ; 
redeful Deth withouten delayse 
olorously his breth hath stifild. 

J degontynge, also complayne, complayne, 
des peerles, haukes withoute pereialyte, 
s, faucons, heroners hautayne ; a 
owe darked is youre pompe, your prodogalyte, 
3 plesnres been past vnto penalyte ; 
th your rich caperons, put on your mourning hodes; 
ispar, your prynce by proporcyon of qualyte, 
is by Deth those daungerous flodys. 

at manhode meyntened and magnamynite, 
lasynge blys nowe is with balys blechyd ; h 
igh Dethes croked and crabbed cruelte, 
lonre depe nowe is he drowned and drcchyd; 

a G. transsnmpcio. [Side Note.] 
b M. viii. [Side Note.] 


HU staiyoge stiuidErda, that in stJinres etrcclij'd 
With B Bnble Berpent, oowa Eot is on a wall. 
His holms hsedles, cote corselBB, wofal Dnd nreehyd, 
With a Bwerdo handeles, there liangB thoy all. 

Gewell j3 of lata poysyd at groto valoyra, 
•He ded, they deBolate of eyerj msiobre, 
6tyk}-ngs an Etnliea aa thynges of none Bhaloyrai] 
For the corse that they conchad cast is in gaodn j 
■ By cruel oompulEyon oanstid to enrrendre 
Lyfe Tp to Dath that al ouerepurneth; 
0, se howa this narlde tourneth 1 
Soma langheth, Boroe roonrnolh: 
Yet, ya pryncea pracyouB and lendre, 
■WhylB that ya hare in glory Boioumath, 
The deth of our mnyeter rua to remembre. 

O turmeotonre, traytonrc, torterous [yraanta, 
' So Tiiwnrely cure dnka liasta thou slayno, 
That wyt and mynde are vjisnlTycynunla 
Agayne lliy myschyf moljoe to mnyiitaynel 
We that ill blysse vonte were to buyne, 
With fortune llotyngs moste Otuoui'ably, 
Nowa thorow thrylled and persyd with pttpM, 
LangonrQ we in ferueute ezatoEy. 

mnrthersr tnmesnmble, wilhoaten remim, 
Motistruus of entrayla, abonyd in Icynde, 
' Tliou liaslB his corae dyatreBsad by farce, 
WhoB parayla alyna thou can not fyndel 
Bono dur«t thou his flessh and ipytyte Titlynde, 
Disaendynge fro Cyzylo, Jerusalem, and PntuiM? 
baialyks bryboure, with iyes biynde, 
8ore may Uiounie thy Tltarquid ounce! 

a M. is. [Side JVbft] 

[Side Kbu.] 


ite berafte, I say, the erthly ioya 
)roder and vncle to kynges in degre, 
descendynge fro Eneas of Troye, 
;le and vncle to prynces thre, 

a saynte by way of natyuyte, 
another whom men seketh blyae, 
:roked, lame, for remedyes hourly; 

1 that bromecod had gyuen a prerogatyue. 

hoUf doloroos Deth, to the herte hast him stynged : 
bon, felon, such murther to escape ? 
brewstors of Wales on the wyl be reuenged • 
alse conspyracy and frowarde fate: 
truantes also sole disconsolate 
•u lafte ; so that creatures more maddyr 
lone.wandreth atwene senit and naddyr. 

, to the felde, to the felde, on with plate and male, 

rde, foule, eche body terrestryal ! * 

>his murtherer him to assayle ; 

e iojrne in ayde, ye bodyes celestyal ; 

nt, with iyes faynte to the also I cal, 

rothers sake, help Deth to take, that al may on him 


e reyne, by drift sodeyne he wil ech kynd encnmbre 


Fonconer, thou arte to blame. 

And onghte take shame 

To make suche pretense ;« 

For I Deth hourly 

May stande truly 

At ful lawful defence: 

a C. newgacio. [Side Note.] 

b M. X. [Side Note.] 

c M. xi. C. prosopopeya. [Side Abfo.| 

L. II. 23 

Deth lialh no m;j;1ite. 

Whcthar to byde or go. 

Of one 


Wherfonj (Vo Detbo 

Thy wo and wrath 

I wolde thou ehoide retejni, 

And Hgayna God 

For thy bromeeod 

BatnjlQ to darayne. 

Thnn, if it be ryghlo, moit 
"For thy myght contrury t< 
Katfffes TDkind Ihon leal 

And ourmaister gret tboD gancwcTmeatoeta; whom;!^ 

myght, thy i;odhed I wiii^ 
ght thon dosta gretly abdnt 
bahiad, paynis, ToAoi, "* 

Is this wel doue? answer ma . 

iDBke, Loida, tt]" 

Dyd thou disdayne that he shtild nijue? was Ihi 

In his rayne he was moate fayne to mynester thy 1> 
Thun certiiya, nnd than be playn and atedfitste in I 
*Enery knyght that doth right, faryngB drede ne B' 
Of thy face br^'ghte shaQ hnae syglit«, 
After this worldly wanes: 


Than, gode Ix)rde, scripture doth record, verefieng that 
cause, ^ 

That our bromcod with the, gode God, m heuen shal rest and 

For first of nought thou him wrOtjht of thy special grace, 
And wers than noght him also boght in Caluery in that 

Thou by thoght oft he were broght with Satanas to trace, <> 
Yet, Lorde, to haue pyte thou oght on the pycture of thy 


We neyther he dampned to be, willyngly thou wilt noght ; * 
Yet dampned shal he and we be, if thy mercy helpe nought: 
Discrccion hast thou gyuen, yde [ Lorde VJ; what wold we 

more ought? 
After deth to lyue with the, if we ofTende nought. 

There is a cause yet of oure care, thou creatoure alofte. 
That thy gospel doth declare, whiche I forgete noughte ; 
Howe vnwarly our welfare fro vs shal be broughte 
By Deth that none wyl spare, Lorde, that knowe we 

noughte: e 
In syn drowned if we dare, and so soderiy be couj^h^c, 
Than of blysse ar we bare ; that fyUetb me ful of thcnght*. 

Thou knowest, Lorde, beste thysylfe, 

Man is but dnste, stercorye, and fylthe, 

Of himsylfe vnable, 

Saue only of thy specyal grace, 

A soule thou made to occupye place. 

To make man ferme and stable ; d 

a M. xiiii. C. probacio. [Hide Note.] 

b M. XV. [Side Note.] 

c M. xvi. [Side Note.\ 

d C. degressio. M. xvii. ISiJr Vo*,. j 


Which nmn to do us thou ordeyned, 

With fendaa fnule ehnl neuar be payned, 

But in bIyssB ba penlarnbte; 

Aud ir he da Chs conlrarye, 

After this lyfe thiin shtl he dye, 

Feiides to fedo vnaactablei 

For whicli fendys fonle Chou tuada a aantra. 

In which oontre thou mnde an eutre, 

Thnt such tbnC tobrelie thy commuuiidementea noIdenD 

Theder downs eholda desaendo; 

But Dure maiBter, whan Deth hym triipte, 

In pure peraeuereance bo waa wrapte, 

Tlint [hou inuisybie hie speryte ihyder raple 

Whore thy ^heltrons him eIioI dofande. 

If wo nal offende, 
He wyl purchace 

To 90 hi! faoa 
I We Blui osaanda, 
By his grata gnM, 
If wa aat offend*. 

Satnyoe W do lalriid: 

And why, Lorde, I dyd the reprouo, 

Was for perfyts xelo and lone, 

To the nat preladicjnt; 

For, Lorde, this 1 knowe expresse. 

This worldly fruta is bytturnasiio, 

Faroyd with wo and pnyna, 

Lyib ledynga dolomuBly in distreue, 

ijhadowed with Dethes lykenessa, 

Aa in uons certayne. 


And al to prone who doth him lone and who wil be vnkynd,a 
Thou hast in led layde him abed, this trow I in my mynd; 
For this we trow, and thou dost know, as thy might is most, 
That him to dye, to lowe and hye it were to grete a lost. 

And he be dede, this knowe I very right; 
Thou saw, Lorde, this erth corrupt with fals adulacyon. 
And thought it place vnmete for Jaspar thy knyght; 
Wherfore of body and soule thou made seperacyon,* 
Preantedate seynge by pure predestynaoyon 
Whan his lyfe here shulde fyne and consum ; 
Wherfore, Lorde, thus ende I my dolorous exclamacyon, 
Thy godenes knewe what was besto to be done. 

As a prynce penytente and ful of contricion, 
So dyed he, we his seruauntes can recorde: « 
And that he may haue euerlastynge firuicyon, 
We the beseche, gloryous kynge and lorde 1 
For the laste leson that he dyd recorde, 
To thy power he it aplyed, saynge Hin omneM, 
As a hye knyghte in fidelyte fermely moryd, 
AngeU celi etpotestates ; 
Wherwith payne to the hert him boryd, 
And lyfe him lefte, gyuynge deth entres. 

Whiche lyfe, in comparyson of thyne. 
Is as poynt in lyne, or as instant in tyme; 
For thou were and arte and shal be of tyme, 
In thy silfe reynynge by power diuyne, 
Makynge gerarcyiis thre and orders nyne. 
The to deifye: 
Wherfore we crye, 
SuiTer nat Jaspar to dye, 

a G. neugacio. [Side Note.] 

b C. excusacio. [Side Note.] 

c M. xviii. C. conclusio. [Side Note.] 


But to lyue; 

For eternally that he sha] Ijne 

Is oure byleue. 

And than [ ?] moste craftely dyd combyna 

Another heuen, called cristalline, 

■ So the thyrde steUyferal to shyne 

Aboue the skye: 

Wherfore we crye, 

Suffer nat Jaspar to dye, 

But to lyue ; 

For eternally that he shal lyue 

Is oure byleue. 

^loreouer in a zodiake pure and fyne 

Synys xii. thou set for a tyme, 

And them nexte, in cercle and lyne, 

Satume thou set, lupiter, and Mars oitryiMy 

Contect and drye : 

Wherfore we crye, 

Suffer nat Jaspar to dye, 

But to lyue ; 

For eternally that he shal lyue 

Is cure bvleue. 

Than, to peryssh, thorouthrvll, and myne 
The mystes blake and cloudes tetryne, 
Tytan thou set clerely to shyne. 
The worlJes iye: 
Wherfore we crye, vt supra. 

Yet in their epycercles to tril and twyne, 
Ketrograte, stacyoner, directe, as a syne, 
(.'onus thou set, Marcur}', and the Mone masseline; 
Nexte fyre and ayre, so sotyl of engyne. 

a M. xix. C. prolongacio. [Side Note.] 


The to gloryfye: 

Wherfore we crye, 

Suffer nat Jaspar to dye, 

But to lyne ; 

For eternally that he shal lyue. 

Is oure bylene. 

Water, and erth with braunch and vine; 

And so, thy werkes to ende and fyne, 

Man to make thou dyd determyne. 

Of whome cam I: 

Wherfore I cry and the supplye. 

Suffer nat Jaspar to dye, 

But to lyue; 

For etemaUy that he shal lyue 

Is oure byleue. 

With him, to cqmford at all tyme, 

Thou ioyned the sex than of frayle femynyne, 

Which by temptacyon serpentyne 

Thejrre hole sequele broughte to rayne 

By ouergrete folye: 

Wherfore we crye, 

Suffer not Jaspar to dye. 

But to lyue; 

For eternally that he shal lyue 

Is oure byleue. 

Than, of thy godenes, thou dyd enclyne 

Flessh to take of thy moder and virgyne. 

And vs amonge, in payne and famyne, 

Dwalte, and taughte thy holy doctryne 

Uulgarly : 

Wherfore we crye. 

Suffer nat Jaspar to dye, 

But to lyue; 

For eternally that he shal lyue 

Is oure byleue. 


'lyl t, travtoure, by fitlse oonyno, 

To Pytat accused ihe at pryme; 

So token, aluyns, ftnd buryad ac oomplyne. 

Bow Bgayns, of Adam redeniyuge the l;iM 

By thy infynyW meroy ; 

For whyoh metcy, 

IneBaaantly wa crya, 

And the aupplye, 

Suffer nat our lords to dye, 

But to lyuoi 

For eterneJly Ibat ha ahol lyue 

Is oare by J cue. 

Kynges, prynces, remembre, nhyle ye may, 
• Do for yonreiifo, for that ahal ye Tynde 
Eieonlours often maJtflth delay, 
The bodye buryed, [he eoule eotie oiUe of tnyndei 
Marke tlils wel, and graue it in yonre myitde, 
Howe many grets eatataa gone are before. 
And howe after ye shal folowe by oourae of kynihi 
Wberfore do for youreailTB; I can say do man. 

Though ye be guuemours, moste precious id kynde, 
Caste downe yeur orounes aod costely appareyle, 
Endored with golde and precyeus stones of Ynde, 
For al in Ihs enda lytyl sbul aaayloj 
Whan youre estates Oetb lyketb to assayle, 
Yonr bodyea bnlgynge witlt a blyster aors, 
Than wiihstande sbal neytber plate ne mayle: 
Wbarfore do for youraBilTo} I can aay uo inoia. 


By whon 
Which is 

I bni by diligenu tranaylsl 


Ware in the ende; for and that vertue fayle, 
Body and soule than are ye forlore: 
Wherfore, if ye folowe wyll holsom connsayle, 
Do for youresilfe; I can say no more. 

Kynges, prynces, moste souerayne of renoune, 
Remembre oure maister that gone is byfore: 
This worlde is casnal, nowe vp, nowe downe; 
Wherfore do for yoursilfe; I can say no more. 


Hoikor tUn, Dem^ gloria, et laus I 

Smerte, maUier de se* outeaus. 


DrIdB all wrapped in nretolifdiiel, 
liy pompflH ao gny and gtoryaQB, 
easuTBfl and all thj* ryoh^ 
y bo but traneytoryouB; 

e that echo man whilom deed, 
by naturull lyne and oaun, 
8, alas, lyethdEda! 

rj-Hll a kyngo, 

laner the prudant Ssliuann; 

BK and in ener; ttiynge, 

10 Crysten regyon, 

not louge Kgone, 

bis Dams by fsme spr[a]de; 

te nowe destytuls alone, 

as, aim, lyetli dedel 

« From an imperfBCt broudalde in the Donee CollEvt 
DOW in tbB Bodleian Lihriiry, Oiford. This unique pi 
fbrmerly belonged to Dr. Farmer, vtao has writlQDonil. "< 
the author of this Eiagy? Per J. fitefion.tho' not in his wotfc 
to whloh Douee hoe added, " The Doctor Is probably rlgt 
what he snye concerning the Elegy oti Henry the Sam 
which is a singular curiosity." 

At Ibe top of the origiaal is t, woodcut, repreaenling 
dead king, lying on a bed or bier, cniwnetl and holding 
sceptre i on one side the royal arm!, on the other th« en 
resting on n fnll-bloivn rose, which has the king's bUMh 

d April 3l3t, IfiOS: t 

B, vol. iU. J 



nter we wretchyd creatures, 

es and tryumphaunt maiestye, 

pastymes and pleasures, 

tbouten remedye; 

o wyll the myserable bodye 

n heny lede, 

Ide but vanyte and all vanytye, 

h alas, alas, lyeth dede ! 

is subgectes and make lamentacyoa 

o noble a gouemoure ; 

ayers make we exclamacyon, 

de to his supemall toure; 

dly rose floure, 

yally all aboute spred, 

lated where is his power? 

alas, alas, lyeth dede ! 

his moost Crysten kynge in ys it lyeth not, 
is tyme passed honour suffycyent to prayse ; 
yet though that that thyng envalue we may not, 
prayers of suertye he shall haue alwayes ; 
nd though that Atropose hathe ended his dayes, 
name and fame shall euer be dred 
er as Phebus spredes his golden rayes, 
tiough Henry the Seuenth, alas, alas, lyeth dede ! 

nowe what remedye? he is vncouerable, 
niehyd by the handes of God that is moost just; 
yet agayne a oause moost confortable 
e haue, wherin of rygbt reioys we must, 
is sone on lyoe in beaute, force, and lust, 
ononr lykely Traianus to shede; 
lierfore in hym put we our hope and trust, 
L Henry his fader, alas, alas, lyeth dede! 

nowe, for conclusyon, aboute his herse 
t this be grauyd for endeles memorye, 

With BOrdwfiiU tunas of ThoByphoncs yeraei 
Hers l^elb the puyssnunC and mygb^ Usurf, 
Hector in batByll, Vlyxes in polecy, 

Mr. Skeltone, po«te. 
To the KJDges mcsta Exelliuit M»!mCI*. 

1 PRAV yow, be not wrotha 
Fnr tellyng of the ErothHi 
For this the vorltle jt ffitba 
Bntbe In lyffe and lothe, 
At God hymselffe he knothe ; 
And, B£ ikll men vndrBstandes, 
) Bolli lordeshipes and limdes 

I Are nowe in fewe meaa haadea; 

JBoth subatBacB and bandes 

[Of ail the bole realme 

Are no we coasniajd cl 

Vea PopvU, Fas Dei\ From US. 3597 in the Ctni^ 
lie Library, colJutad with US. Harl. 867, ToL lao, TU 
r, thnngh it coolajna a very GOnaideiabla numbarofli* 
:h are not fonud in the fonoer, aud whicb 1 Imre p'x*' 
'oen brackets, 1b on the whole the inferiot US., ilt u' 
g greatly dlBflgured by piayincialitms. 
lie poem, irhioh is usigued to Skelton only In l)u C'"' 
jB MS., vna evidently composed by Bome very cli"".' 
itor of lii? style. The subject, however, rendett II " 


From the fermour and the poore 

To the towne and the towre; 

Whiche makyth theym to lower, 

To see that in theire flower 

Ys nother malte nor meale, 

Bacon, befle, nor veale, 

Grocke mylke nor kele, 

But readye for to steale 

For very pure neade. 

Your comons saye indeade, 

Thei be not able to feade 

In theire stable scant a steade, 

To brynge vp nor to breade, 

Ye, scant able to brynge 

To the marckytt eny thynge 

Towardes theire housekeping; 

And scant have a cowe, 

Nor to kepe a poore sowe : 

This the worlde is nowe. 

And to heare the relacyon 

Of the poore mens communycacio% 

Vndre what sorte and fashyon 

Thei make theire exclamacyon, 

You wolde have compassion. 

Thus goythe theire protestacion, 

Sayeng that suche and suche, 

That of late are made riche, 

Have to, to, to myche 

By grasyng and regratinge. 

By poulyng and debatynge, 

By roulyng and by dating. 

By checke and checkematynge, 

[With delays and debatynge. 

With cowstomes and tallynges, 

Forfayttes and forestallynges] ; 

So that your comons saye, 

Thei styll paye, paye 

Most willyngly allwaye. 

But yet thei see no staye 

SncliB labouro tar to waste i 
This ys the news oBfte, 
The uawe cjut from the oldo; 
Thk comon prjoe tbei holds; 
Whiche ii a vnry rutho, 
Yf men myght faje the truQie. 
The comons thns dothe mje, 
Tbey are DOt nble to pays, 

Vaapopuli, twc Orij 
CanEjdre veil this thjrnge I 

Howe MTB yon to this, mj lordHf i 
Are not these plaTne reoiwdee? 
Ve knowe as well as 1, 
Thii make* Hie comons ervB, 
Thia makes tbeym crye and WBp« 
Uy»eT«ng hi thdre >hepe, 
Thein ebepe, and eke tfaeln bem, | 

But yoa that welthe this beta, 

Toa taadUxxles that be gF«tS, 

ToQ wftlde not pay » ft 

Exceple joor fraaing wm M> s«Mtl 

Or elles ! feani me I, 

Ye wold fjnde remeadTe, 

And that right !bonlT«. 

Bat yet this eitramyiie, 

Kooe lelu yt bat the cnnyatllia; 

Alai, is Iben do mnsdje. 

To beipe Hwym at ihis mnaja? 

Tf IbfTB ihuld come a nyne, 

To make a deaitbe of gnjat, 

Aa God may aend yt playin 

For oar ooTCtani anddiadajai^ 


I wold knowe, among vs all, 

What wafe he that shuld not fall 

And sorowe as he went, 

For Godes ponyshment? 

Alas, this were a plage ^ 

For poverties pocession, 

Towardes theire suppression. 

For the greate mens transgression! 

Alas, my lordes, foresee 

There may be remeadyel 

For the comons saye, 

The! have no more to paye: 

VoxpcptiU, vox Dei ; 

most noble kyng, 

Oonsydre well this thyng! 

And yet not long agoo 
Was preachers on or twoo. 
That spake yt playne inowe 
To yon, to yon, and to you, 
Hygh tyme for to repent 
This dyvelishe entent 
[Of covltis the convente] : 
From Scotland into Kent 
This preaching was bysprent; 
And from the easte frount 
Vnto Saynct Myghelles Mount, 
This sayeng dyd surmount 
Abrode to all mens eares, 
And to your graces peeres, 
That from piller vnto post 
The powr man he was tost; 
I meane the labouring man, 
I meane the husbandman, 
I meane the ploughman, 

^ plage] A line wanting to rhyme with this. 
)L. II. 24 






■mlMS. C -p«A.- JK S-( 'W*' " 


And I am hat the hayne 

That wryttes yt newe agayne, 

The coppye for to see, 

That also learneth me 

To take therby good hede 

My shepe howe for to fede; 

For I a shepherd am, 

A sorye poore man; 

Tet wolde I wyshe, my lordes, 

This myght be your recordes, 

And make of yt no dreame, 

For yt ys a worthy realme, 

A realme that in tymes past 

Hath made the prowdest agast. 

Therfore, my lordes all, 

Note this in espeeiall, 

And have it in memoryall 

[With youre wysse vnyversall, 

That nether fayer nor effection, 

Yowe grawnt youre protection 

To suche as hath ^ by election 

Shall rewie by erection, 

And doth gett the perfection 

Of the powre menes refection; 

Wiche ys a grett innormyte 

Vnto youre gnsys commynalte; 

For thay that of latt did supe 

Owtt of an aschyn cuppe, 

Are wonderfully sprowng vpe; 

That nowght was worth of latt, 

Hath now a cubborde of platt. 

His tabell fumyscheyd tooe, 

With platt besett inowe, 

PerseU gylte and sownde, 

Well worth towo thousande pounde. 

tucke atJuUhf ^c. J There appears to be some cormption 


' ^ 
That 1 any marchant here, 
Above all charges clere, 
In landes myght lett to hyre 
To tbowsant markes by yere? 
Other where shall ye fynde 
A gentyllman by kynde, 
Bat that thay wyll ly in the wynde, 
To breng hyme fer behynde, 
Or elles thay wyll haue all, 
Yf nedes thay hyme forstidl? 
Wiche ys the hole dec&ye 
Of your marohantmen, I saye, 
And hynderes youre grasys costome 
By the yere a thowsant pawnde, 
And so marryth, the more petye, 
The comonwelth of yohe sytte, 
And vndoth the cowntre. 
As prosse [ V] doth make propertiet 
This matter most spesyally 
Wolde be loked one qniclye. 
Tett for ther recreation. 
In pastime and procreation, 
In tempore necessitatUf 
I wysche thay myght hane grattift 
Lysens to compownde. 
To purchasse fortie pownde 
Or fyf te at the moste, 
By fyne or wrytte of post; 
And yf any marchantman. 
To lyve his occupieng then, 
Wolde purchasse any more, 
Lett hyme forfett it therfore. 
Then showld ye se the trade 
That marchantmen frist mayde, 
Whyche wysse men dyd marshall, 
For a welth vnyversall, 

1 That] Qy. dek I 


Yche mun [his lawe to lerne, 
And trewty hia fniodet to veme, 
Tka Icodkird witb bia terme, 
Tba plovghluui] with bl9 femie, 
Tite kn^hl wyth his fare, 
n* Buduiit with bis witra, 
Ttea dwwM inorese Ihe hellh 
Of Tclie comonwelihe], 

Oraqnlre wdl ll» ^Bgt 

But, bona, fiobirii, bovel 

Herkel hockel hciek*! 
T> DM ben > pjtiMM vska. 
The gmmdcmad &■ ckatffa 
Of allthiibi' " 


Prove it who shall 

To make therof tryall, 

Thus goithe theire dyall: 

I knowe not whales a clocke, 

But by the couutre cocke, 

The mone i nor yet the pryme, 

Vntyll the sonne do shyne; 

Or els I coulde tell 

Howe all tbynges shiilde be welL 

The compas may stand awrye, 

But the earde wyll not lye: 

Hale in your mayne shete, 

This tempest is to grete. 

[For prlrre men dayiy sees 

How oiflcers takes their fees, 

Snmme yll, and some yet worse, 

As good right as to pike there purse: 

Deservethe this not Codes curse? 

There consyenes ys sooe grett, 

Thaye fere not to dischare,^ 

Tf it were as moche more, 

Soe thay maye haue the stowre. 

Thud is oure we[ljthe vndone 

By'synguler coramodome; 

For we are in dyvision, 

Bothe for reght and religion; 

And, as some saythe, 

We stagger in our faythe: 

But excepte in shortt tyme 

We drawe by one lyne, '* 

And agre with one accorde, \ 

Bothe the plowghman and the lorde, 

We shall sore rewe 

That ever this statte we knewe.] 

ne] So both MSB, But qy. " none ? ♦» 

chare] There is some error here ; and perhaps a line or 

las dropt out. 


The comons so do saye, 

Tf thei had yt, thei wold payet 

VoxpcpuUyVox Jkif 

O most noble kyng, 

Consydre well this thyngel 

Thus rannes this mmoiir abool 
Amongest the hole route; 
Thei can not bryug aboate 
How this thyng shuld be, 
Yt bathe snche high degree: 
The coyne yt is so scante, 
That every man dothe waiit% 
And some thincke notdo scaoe^ 
But even as myche to bfise. 
Our merchanntmen do saye, 
Thei fynde it day by daye 
To be a matter straunge, 
When thei shulde make exchani^ 
On the other side the sea, 
Thei are dryven to theire plea; 
For where oure pounde somtyme 
Was better then theires by nyne, 
Nowe ours, when yt comes forthe, 
No better then theires is worthe, 
No, nor scant soo good ; 
Thei saye so, by the roode. 
Howe maye the merchauntman 
Be able to occupye than. 
Excepts, when he comes heare, 
He sell his ware to deare? 
He neades must have a lyveng, 
Or elles, fye on hys wynneng I 
This covne by alteracion 
Hat he brought this desolacyon, 
Whiche is not vet all knowen 
^Yhat mvscheitie it hathe so wen. 


TheE sayo, Woo worlho thnt man 

Tbat fint that coj^e begna, 

To put In any hecldB 

The myncle to audio a Kile, 

Td oama hi suebs n biers 

For covetous deayre I 

I knowe not wha.t it meniietlie; 

But tliia Ihel saye and denmytbe, 

Va iiliptrqaem tcaadalum cent!/ 

For this wyll axe greate fnjae 

Before it be veil nfjuyne, 

Greate payiie and tore 

To make It a* it via before. 

The comona Ibua do laye, 

Yf tbei liadile yl, tbel would payai 

Vaepopidi, twc D 

la kynge, 

roll thia tliiiige L 


Tbat mujy man dotbe re 

For poors men tbei duo crye, 
And eaye it is uwrye; 
Tbei snye tliei can not be herds, 
Bnt ttyll from duye delTeidB, 
When thai buve any ante, 

IXbei may« goo bluwe tbelre flute; 
"" ' goithe the comon brute, 
ricbe man wyll come in; 

.ke bis waye, 
With bande in banda to paye, 
Bothe to tbicko and thynae; ^ 

F, bas dnipt out here. 


Orek to knows tl 

Uy lorde w not M leysura;! 

Tbe poora man tt the durre 

SlondBi \ylte »a l^luid euttq, 

And dates oot oris to •tune, 

Eioepte ha goo bia wBye, 

And come aaotbei daye; 

Aod then the matter it made, 

Tbat ths poore man with hi> »pada 

Utut no more hia fnnne tnvrnte. 

Bat miut na hhdb oiher tnidv: 

For yt it « ■greed 

Thu toy tadye muteies Mede> 

Shall bym espuke with oil *pede, 

And oiir master tbe Undlorda 

SbaU hare yt all at U* accorda, 

Hill house and &niie npyne. 

To w»kv thsFof fais Tttomust g^ae; 

For iai Tuitage wylbe more. 

With theiie and cattail it ts Hun, 

And Dot to plou^ie bit gnniiule do nur 

Excepte the rermoiu wyll arynre 

Tlie tent hyere by a hole yeu«: 

Y« mast be bavo a lyoa WO, 

The liargayue he may better knoHii 

Wbieh mates the marctet noir tn d«4J1 

Hiat then be fewe tha' makes pao^ i^ 

For tbe feniNMir must tell his gooke^ 

As he mar be aUe to paye (at ba beoi 

Or eb. Tor non payeiig tbe raM, 

Anj^ at Dm Lady daye is Lent: 

Tbm die poon man ibalhe sbcnl t 

t J^*rJiua<fMlq»v<] A fioe boimved fioalitdM^ 
my «• yi iHt ta OwM, r. at. mL il. 3VT. 

wriMT. perhaps noelhcl«dlbU»* ' 


And then he and his wyffe, 

With theire children, all theire lyffe. 

Doth crye oute and ban 

Ypod tliis covetous man. 

I sweare by God omnypotent, 

I feare me that this presedent 

Wyll make ts all for to be shent. 

Trowe you, my lordes that be, 

That Qod dothe not see 

This riche mans charitie 

Per tpecuium aidgmaUB f 

Tes, yes, you riche lordes, 

Yt is wrytten in Cristes recordes. 

That Dives laye in the fyere 

With Belsabub his sire. 

And Pauper he above satte 

In the seate of Habrahams lappe. 

And was taken from thys Troye, 

To lyve allwaye with God in ioye 

The comons thus do saye, 

Yf thei had yt, thei wold paye: 

VoxpcpuHj vox Dei ; 

most noble kyng, 

Consydre well tliis thyngo ! 


The prayse no les is worthe, 
Ghxtee worde is well sett forthe: 
Tt never was more preached. 
Nor never so playnlye teached; 
Yt never was so hallowed. 
Nor never so lytle followed 
Bothe of highe and lowe. 
As many a man dothe trowe; 
For this ys a playue pei'scripcion, 
We have banyshed superstycion, 
But styll we kepe ambycion ; 
We have sent awaye all cloysterers, 
But styll we kepe extorcy oners; 


We hie takes UMin landes fbr tfaeire ahui^ 



II7 lordo, this kdtUw awiye; 

Awij^ awr^a je goo, 

Wnh noBj tlilDgn moo, 

4)BTts from the hi^o vaja. 

The eomoBs (hiu do tays, 

Tff Etui hidd jt, llui wold p^«t 

meet ooUa k?iig, 
Cinuydm wall thu Ihinga t 


I dBva all be BDt ttii, 
Jumbjvitm ■> dottaa imU, 
Aa gscba bf npma, 
ABWBgB liM gnalesl sorte; 

Hm poav VB (a bcQ-lcs 
WillB tacka and packa to ^rla, 

Fv an oSx* U « 

Howe auj« ucliB m^ da nght, 


B<u thif wa jpiQ it ^pM 

B; bi7b«nf aM ^fae axMH^at^ 



With many ferrelys moo, 
That I conld truly shewe i 
There never was suche myserye, 
Nor never so myche vserye. 
The comons so do saye, 
Yf we had ytt, we wold paye: 
Voxjxpuli^ vox Dei; 
most noble kynge, 
Consydre well this thynge ! 


And thus this ile of Brutes, 
Most plentyfull of frutes, 
Ys sodenlye^decayede; 
Poore men allraost dysmayde, 
Thei are' so overlayed: 
I feare and am afrayde 
Of the stroke of God, 
Whiche ys a perelous rodde. 
Praye, praye, praye, 
We never se that daye ; 
For yf that daye do come. 
We shall dyssever and ronne, 
The father agaynst the sonne, 
And one agaynst another. 
By Godes blessed mother, 
Or thei begynne to hugger. 
For Godes sake looke aboute. 
And staye betymes this route, 
For feare thei doo come oute. 
I put you out of doubte. 
There ys no greate trust, 
Yf trothe shuld be discuste: 
Therfore, my lordes, take heade 
That this gere do not brede 
At chesse to.playjB.a mate, 
For then to late: 
We may well prove a checke, 
But thei wyll have the lieke; 


yt is not to b6 wondered, 

For thei are not to be nombred. 

This the poore men saye, 

Tf thei hadde yt, thei wolde paye: 

Vox popuU^ vox Dei ; 

most noble kyng, 

Consydre well this thinge I 


Tt is not one alone 
That this dothe gronte and gnxne, ' 
And make. this pytyous mone; 
For yt is more then wonder, 
To heare the infynyte nombre 
Of poore men that dothe shewe 
By reason y t must be soa 
Thei wishe and do coniector 
That my lordes grace and prote^^tor, 
That cheiffe is nowe erector 
And formost of the rynge, 
Vnder our noble kynge. 
That he wold se redresse 
Of tkis moete greate excesse, 
For yt stondes on hym no lesse; 
For he is calde doabteles 
A man of greate prowesse. 
And so dothe beare the fame. 
And dothe desyre tlie same; 
His mjTide thei save is good, 
Yf all wold followe his moode. 
Nowe for to sett the frame. 
To kepe styll this good name, 
He must delaye all excuses. 
And ponnyshe these greate abuses 
Of these fynes and uewe vses, 
That have so many muses ; 
And first and pryucipallye 
Suppresse this shamfull ysorye,. 


Comoulye called husbondrye; 
For yf there be no remeadye 
In tyme and that right shortlye, 
Yt wyll breade to a pluresye, 
Whiche is a greate innormytie 
To all the kynges coroynaltye; 
For there is no smale nombre 
That this faute dothe incombre: 
Yt is a wordly wondre. 
The conions thus do saye, 
Yf thei had yt, thei wolde paye: 
Voxpopuli, vox Dei ; 
.0 most noble kyng, 
Consydre well this thynge! 


No we, at your graces leysour, 

Yf you^ wyll see the seisor 

Of all the cheffe treasure, ' 

Heapyd without measure, 

Of the substance of your realme^ ' 

As yt were in a dreame, 

I wyll make an esteame. 

In the handes of a fewe. 

The trothe you to shows, 

Howe this matter dothe goo; 

For I wyll not spare 

The trothe to declare; 

For trothe trulye ment 

Was never yet shent, 

Kor never shent shalbe ; 

Note this text of me, 

Yt may a tyme be framed 

For feare some shuld be blamed^ 

But yt wyll not be shamed ; 

Yt is of suche a streinghe, 

Yt wyll overcome at leinghe. 

Yflf nowe I shaU not fayne. 

The trothe to tell you playne 


Of all thcHQ thnt So Mia 

And si 



>f this renlmej > 

Allmott tbei b^ve si); 

Att least thd faavs tbe trade 

Of all that may be nude: 

And tjtat to declare 

Bj a bryiffo what Chei are, 

To make flborta rebHTHaJl, 

As well apyrytuall as lemporalli 

The laweare and tbe latidelorde, 

The greate reava and Ihe recorde,— 

The recorde I meane is ha 

That hnthe oftice or ela ffee, 

To BervH our noble kyng 

In his accomplaa or recknyng 

Of Ms treasare aunnonttynge,— 

Lords chauncellour and cbaaneelloiin, 

Maslere of myntaa and monyara, 

Sseoiidaryes and snrveyouri, 

Andlton and receivourv, 

Cnstmncrs and comptrollBn, 

Porryours and prollara, 

Marchanntea of greate sailea, 

'With the miuter^ of woodsalBs, 

With gnuyars and ragraters. 

With Master Williams of shape misteni 

Aod sucha l.vke camonwullhe wasters, 

That of arnbiB groundes make paalwi, 

[And psyemaAtera 9iiche as bythe 

With Trappas your golden amytbe,] 

I nalmel A line wanting, to rhyme wllli thii. 
3 Duuter] MS. Sari. " maisleras: " but perhapi wot P 
tioular indiTidtial is alluded to; oompare ths ucoiil IQ 


With iij or iiij greate clothiars, 

And the hole lybell of lawyars: 

Withe theise and theire trayne, 

To be bryeffe and playne, 

Of theire to, to myche gayne 

That thei take for theire payne, 

Yt is knowen by ceirten sterres 

That thei may inayntayne your graces warres 

By space of a hole yeare, 

Be yt good chepe or deare, 

Thoughe we shulde withstande 

Both Fraunce and Scotlunde, 

And yet to leave ynough 

Of money, ware, and stufTe, 

Both in cattell and come, 

To more then thei were borne, 

By patrymonye or bloode 

To enherytte so myche goode. 

By cause thei be so base, 

Thei wylbe neadye and scace ; 

For quod ncUura dtdii 

From gentle blode them ledyth ; 

And to force a chorlishe best 

Nemo aUollere potest : 

Yet rather then thei wold goo before, 

Thei wolde heipe your grace with somwhat 

For thei be they that have the store ; 
Those be they wyll warraunt ye, 
Though you toke never a penye 
Of your poore comynaltie. 
This is trewe vndoubtelye, 
I dare affyrme it certeynlye; 
For yf this world do holde. 
Of force you must be bolde 
To borowe theire fyne golde ; 
For thei have all the store ; 
Fur your comons have no more; 

OL. II. 25 


Ye may it call to lyght, 
For >'t is your awne right, 
Yf that your grace have neade: 
Beleve this as vour Creade. 


The poore men so do saye, 
Yf thai had yt, thei wold paye 
With & better wyll then thei: 
Vcxp(^mli, vox Dei ; 
O most noble kyng, 
Consyder well this thynge! 


worthiest protectour, 

Be herin corrector! 

And yon, my lordes all. 

Let not your honor, S4)pall, 

But knocke betvmes and call 

For thcise greate vsurers all; 

Ye knowe the pryncypall : 

What neadith more rehersall ? 

Yf you do not redresse 

By tyme this coyeteousnes. 

My hed I hold and gage, 

There wylbc greate outrage; 

Suche rage as never was seene 

lu anv olde mans tvme. 

Also for this perplexyte, 

Of these that are ra«:>st welthye, 

Yt ware a deade of charyte 

To helpe iheym of this pluresie: 

Yt comes bv suche create fvttes 

That i: takes awaye iheire wyttes, 

Bothe -in theire treasure tellynge. 

Or els in byeng and sellynge. 

Yf ibe: of this weare eased, 

Yoiir ^race shuid be well pleased, 

And the: but lytle deseased 

Of this covetous dropsye. 

That bryi^ges Iheym to thys ploreaie} 


Bothe the pluresye and goute, 

Vncurable to be holpe [out], 

Excepte your grace for pytie 

Provyde this foresaid remeadye; 

As doctors holde opynyon, 

Both Ambros and Tertulian, 

Withe the Swepestake and the Mynyon, 

The Hertc and the Swallowe, 

And all the rest that foUowe, 

Withe the Gallye and the Roo 

That so sivyflfte do goo, 

Goo, and that apase. 

By the Henry Grace, 

The Herrye and the Edwarde, — 

God sende theym all well forwarde. 

Withe all the hole fleete! 

Whose councell complete i 

Saithe it is full mete 

That greate heddes and dyscreate 

Shulde loke well to theire feate. 

Amen, I saye, so be y tt ! 

As all your coraons praye / 

For your long healthe allwaye. 

Yf thei hadde yt, thei wold paye 

[With a better wyll then thay] : 

VoxpoptUij vox Dtif 

Thus dothe wrytte, and thus doth saye, 

With this psalme, Miserere mei ; 

most noble kyng, 

Consyder well this thynge ! 

ffinis quothe Mr. Skelton, Poete Lawriate.^ 

t quothe Mr. Skelton, Poete Laioriaie] Instead of theM 
MS. Earl has, 

" God saue the kenge 
Finis quod vox populi vox del." 

i AIIltlBUtED 1 


or the i-'mell clergy! ?|, 

And the proiiJe preJacy[?|, Tlier ix 

Thatunvf dooloobesohie, Tho|wppe[ll 

At thougU tbat by ttnil by Curtei ?| . . , 

Tbsy wuld clymbe und fflya Tho rest of B 

Vp to tUo olowdy tkye: inpirkes, 

Wlier ali men miiy espyo, Thnt be hermyBrlMS, 

By fals hipocrysye Wliith do coai(yl?l Ij 

Thei lo»B haue blered ihe aye wiirkes, 

or all <he wocld well nye; A9 one lliat in the dul 

Comytling apojtacie And wotBS not whepfl 

AgRinat Chat Terytya nmrke yi 

That the! can nut denye: Do tiike the kites forlulita. 

• The Image of /pacryty] Is now printed ftom MS. Uat 
dam TM. The original bea very cmisldenible >itoratio«*ii'' 
Bdditions by », difTercnt hand: the lirat piiKH la hers ■udlh''' 
lilegiblB, pnrtly Trom the pnlene-ta or the ink, and pnrllyfmn 
the nolea whinh Peter Le Neve (the possesHir of the US, Id 
1721) htus unineroirully icrihtiled over it. I give the tills )wn 
as it atsndti at the eud of the First Port. 

Hearne nnd olhers ImvB nttrihutad this reniBrkaWt p" 
dttctlon to Skeitoa. The poem, however, conlninii dtciait 

pBBBBgBR, — the moDtion of certain writings of Sir Thmw 
Mote Hud of "the mnyde orEeiit"(Eliiiibuth Dartahli *''^ 
occurs in tlie Third Tart, would slone be sufficient to t""* 
that it was tha coit.potition of tome writer potterior "> 1>* 


be owr primates, Lo, thus they vndertake 

isshopps and prelates, The trothe false to make ! 

irsons and curates,!^ Alas, for Christ his sake 1 

>ther like estates Is the sonnelight darke, 

vere shaven pates; Or ignoi*aunc[eJ a clarke, 

nkes white and blacke, Bycawse thatthei hath powre 

shannons that cane To sende men to the Towre, 

chatte, The simple to devowre V 

ns ffayre and fatt, If they Ivst to lowre, 

Friers of the sacke, Ys suger therfor sowre? 

rothers of the bagg, Dothe five and three make 
nble as a nagg, fifour? 

cane bothe prate and As well I durst be bolde 

bragg, To sey the ffier were colde. 

ke the pulpett wagge But yet they worke muche 
iwenty thousand lyes, worse, 

ke the blind eate flyes, When they for blissinge 
lere our symple eyes, cowrse ; 

ke vs to beleve For Father Friska jolly, 

lorowe is god eve ; And Paier Pecke a lolly, 

synly to be breve, That be all full of folly, 

J they do vs drove, Doo fayne them seem holy, 

ve, to our great greve. For ther monopoly, 

ey that white is blacke. And ther private welthe, 

)s they sey we smacke. That they haue take by 
nell we wote not what: stelthe; 

en beware the catt; And in the churche they 
they smell a ratt, lurke, 

^sely chide and chatt. As ill as any Turke, 

iaue him by the jack. So proudely they vsurpe, 

tt for his backe, Besyde the spritt of Christ, 

ke him to the racke, The office of a pryste 

rowne hyme in a sacke, In any wise to take, 

ue hyme on a stake ! As thoughe it were a iape. 

T parsons and curates] This line (now pasted over in 
>.) has been obtained from a transcript of the poem 
Dy Thomas Martin of Palgrave. 


To runne in att the rove; 
For some of them do prove 
To cl yme vpp ere they knowe 
The doore from the wyudowe ; 
They may not stoope alowe, 
But backe bend as a bowe; 
They make an owtwarde 

And so forthe one a rowe, 
As dapper as a crowe, 
And perte as any pye, 
And lighte as any ffly. 
At horde and at table 
They be full servy sable, 
Sober and demure, 
Acquayntans to allure, 
Wher they may be sure i 
By any craft or trayne 
To fyshe for any gayne,2 
Or wayt for any wynnyng, — 
A prestly begynnynge 1 
For many a hyerlinge, 
With a wilde fyerlinge, 
Whan his credyte is most. 
With mikell brag and bost 
Shall pryck owt as a post, 
Chafyng lyke myne hoste. 
As hott as any teste, 
And ride from cost to cost. 
And then shall rule the rost. 

And some aTannced be 
For ther auncente, 
Thoughe ther antiqnitye 
Be all innequitye; 
Yett be tbey called 
To the charge of the fald, 
Because they be balled, 
And be for bisshopps stalled 
And some kepe ther statimu 
In owtwarde straoz^ nip 

Lernynge invocatyons, 
And crafty e incantatyons; 
And so by inchantement 
Gette theyr avauncement 
And some by fayned favour 
For honour or for havour, 
By voyses boughte and solde, 
For sylver and for gokte, 
For lande, for rente or ffee, 
Or by authoritye 
Of menn of hye degree. 
Or for some qualitye. 
As many of them bee. 
For ther actyvitee, 
Ther practyse and industiye, 
Sleyght, craft, and knavery, 
In matters of bawdery. 
Or by helpe of kynoe. 
An easy life to wynue. 

1 Wher thtij miy be sure\ Followed by a deleted line, now 

partly illegible, — 

" wayte to haue wynnynge." 

2 To/ysliejor any yayne\ Followed by a deleted line wU^cb 
seems to h&ve been, — 

*' With shotinge or with singinge." 


)y Saincte Mary, 

Is by these men forbod; 

ihiiR dotLe cary 

Pater noster and Creedo 


They vtterly forbeede 


To be said or songe 

e for to pull 

In our vulgar tonge. 

1 skynne and wolle. 

Ohe Lorde, thou hast jjreat 

t Christ be the doer. 


ce not of his looer, 

Of these that shoulde be 

t therby no stoore ; 


iy is for moore: 

Whiche sey the breade is 

11 youe therfore 


y ther tyrae temper 

And with ther lawe vnlusty 

irovisoo semper 

Make it rusty and dusty ! 

' wey to enter. 

But I do thinke it rustye 

of wordely good, 

For lacke of exercyse : 

nge of the fflode 

Wherfore they be vnwise 

t that bledd the roode ; 

That will the lawe despise, 

for ther moode. 

And daylye newe devyse, 

ike deambulacyons 

So dyvers and so straunge. 

tat ostentations. 

Which 1 chaunge and re- 

J for salutations 


r mannes face, 

Of fastinges and of feestes, 

5 merkett place 

Of bowes 2 and behestes, 

, God saue your 

With many of ther 8 iestes, 


As thoughe lay men war 

churche and che- 

bestes ; 


As many of vs bee. 

ey may haue me- 

That may and will not see, 


Nor ones cast vpp an eye, 

les and with ladyes, 

These jugglinges to espye; 

lied Rabyes: 

For this that nowe is vsed 

>d saue these dadyes, 

Is efte ageyne refused, 

her yonge babyes ! 

Chaunged or mysvsed, 

worde of God 

That we be still abused: 

1 Which] Qy. "With?" 

2 bowes] Qy. " vowes? " 
^ofUier] Qy. "other?" 






W The hi«e that Ben-ethe nowe. 

Cod dolhe not slepe nor 


AgeynB they diealowe. 


TlinB forlbe and b^ke.l 

Bui aetlia lande and htyitaj 


Witb bryvB aud wiih bull 

Aud yf yo lake Ihe ohynki, 

They dnyly plucks aud pull, 

1 feara mo ye will ityuka, 

■ And yfiltba never ffuli; 

And corrupt your TDCtTSU 

■ For wher one bull makw. 


■ Another bull fonukee; 

r The IhyrJe j-eK raderulios 


To alter all of newa: 

Will br^ade a cousumtjco, 

TbD> Dona will otber gue. 


WberTore, by svrete Jean, 

To brlDBO yuue to coaipro. 

I thinkD they be vntrewe 


That iu^le tyma and tyme 

Yonre lawei Calialy groondad, 

To gett thy no and myne; 

That hath llie world MH- 

Yea, thougha the worlds 

ou tided. 




No man wyll they spare, 



But ever be benynguei 

To bynde va nera aud forrei 

And namely In suche cue 


Wherto may be no batre 

Wher God hie gyfte or gMM 

In peace lyme nor in warre ; 

Lyst to trfaule or plae*: 

For none thor is Ihat dnrra 

The poore man, or the rietWi 

Beplye ageyne or apaake, 

k to bin plaasurs lynlHI 


This duunce of tlicrs to 

For Chr>»^ our donut Urd^ 
That iDBdo the full icconh 

The tniutha it U ao weeka: 

As Scripture dollia mvi*. 


Tbey make all men cry 

Bot«7xt God and mui. 


Snpprefsyngo SHilan 

Or fry tliem to a ilaake,— 

And oil hia kingdom, «lw 

Adieu, Sir IIiuldypi-akBl 

Vpon Die holv roodd 

Lo, Peter* barge is, 



And redy for to aynke! 

As tnuclle for one M Mbtt^ 

Beware yetl luuat yone 

ExcDptinge tn>t liis ivcUitr, 



Made every miinlibblMIW, 

1 inrie] Somali 

ling wanting hcra. 


r as ther bee 
3 and chariteo. 
e by fals abvsyon, 
gy by collution, 
good conclution, 
oughte vs to confu- 

le an illution: 
; inyquytie, 
themi^elfes to be 
then godes, yee, 
11 authorytye; 
by ipocrysye, 
ther dignytye, 
:he leudd lay ffee, 
:emporalitee ; 
' pretend to bee 
) etemall| 
- supernall : 
), infemall; 
' that be carnall, 
1 to Boall, 

binge gostely at all, 
id spirituall ; 
3 must them calle, 
ye do and shall, 
ippe soever falle. 
icessyon may not dye, 
> etemallye; 
iiout question, 
ill succession 
ue from one to other, 
er of ther mother; 

Ten, they kepe all in store 
That other hadd afore. 
And davlye gather more. 
Lo, thus the people rore, 
As on a fistred sore 
Of matter most vnpure. 
That thei ar dryven toindore 
Tyll God himself send cure ! 
That as you be possessors, 
So be yee successors 
Vnto your predecessors: 
And yet ye be questors. 
And hoorders vppe of testers, 
Ye daylye cache and gather 
Of motlier and of father. 
And of no man rather 
Then of your poore brother. 
And of euery other; 
Yea, all that comes is gayne. 
You passe of no mans payne, 
Whiche ye allwey reteyne, 
Who ever grudge or playne. 
It may not out agayne; 
Koughte may be remitted 
That to youe is comroytted ; 
Ye be not so lighte witted. 
The people thinke it true 
That ye possession sue 
To haue an easy life. 
Without debate or strife, 
To lyve without a wife, 
Lordely ^ and at ease. 
Without payne or disease. 

lely^ 4^.] On the outer margin of the MS., opposite 
e, are the following lines, partly cut off by the binder; 

" Thes be the knavysh 
knackes that ever w . . . 

flfor Javelles and for J[ackesl." 


Your belly god to please, 
And worldly welth to hane: 
Ye do your heeades shavef 
To make youe sure and save 
In every wind and wave, 
That wolde as sone rave 
As ones to chippe ^ an heare 
So farre abouo your eare, 
Or snche an habite weare, 
With a polled heade, 
To fayne yourselves deade ; 
But for possessions sake 
That ye suche rules take, 
And bynde youe to the brake, 
That ve mave not forsake 
Durj'nge all your lyves: 
So well is he that thrives. 
Thus be youe spirituall; 
And yett ye do vs call 
But lewde and temporall ; 
And that is for that we 
So weake and simple be, 
To put oure possession 
From oure succession 
And heires lyniuU 
Or kynne colhiteriill, 
That be menu temporall, 
And so from Ivne to Ivne; 
For ech muii for his tyme 
Saves, Wliile it is mvne, 
I will give while I maye, 
That, when 1 am away, 
Thev shall both singe and 


And for my soules helthe 

Tyll it be domes day: 
So, after this array, 
Alake and well awav! 


We oure landes straye, 
And other goodes decay; 
Wherat ye langhe and pbyt 
And natheles allwoy 
We dayly pay and pay, 
To haue youe to go gaye 
With wonderfoU araye, 
As dysardes in a play. 
God wolde it were imprentBd, 
Written and indentyd, 
What youe haue invented! 
So great diversyte 
Nowe in your garmentes be, 
That wonder is to se; 
Your triple cappe and crowaa, 
Curtle, cope, and gowne, 
More worthe then halfe a 

With golde and perle sett, 
And stones well iffrett; 
Ther can be no bett; 
And for no price ye lett. 
How fur of they be fett 
Oh ye kynde of vipers. 
Ye beestly bellyters, 
With Raynes and Cipres, 
That haue so many miters! 
And yett ye be but mycberi. 
Youe weere littell liattcs, 
Myters, and square capp^, 
Decked with five flappes, 
With many prety knackes, 
Like Turkes of Tartary, 

chijjpe] Qy. " clippe ? " 


or men of Moscovye, Your shoes wroughte with 
bagges of Arraby, go'^i 

ches and bosses, To tredd vpon the molde; 

ives and crosses, Wandnng, as Vandals, 

lers and posses, In sylke and in sandals, 

.nders and banners. Ye kepe your holy rules, 

good life or manners : As asses and mules ; 

ue youc gay gloves. For on your cloven cules 

:h your hand moves. Will ye never sytt 

te with true loves, But on a rich carpett; 

ie well, for the nones. And nowe and then a fitt, 

>lde and precious After the rule of Bennett, 

ones: With, dythmunia vennett, 

5 vs with your bones, A gaye a vott gennett, 

h your riche ringes. With Gill or with Jennyt^ 

anes and kinges, Wyth Cycely or Sare ; 

offringes, Yf thei come wher they are, 

ise with knelinges ; Thei lay one and not spare, 

•our mynykyns And never look behind them, 

nyon babbes, Wher soever they ffynd them ; 

losse clmmbred For whan that thei be hett, 

•abbes. And Asmodeus grett, 

asse and all is done,i They take, as thei can gett, 

jre at afternone : All fyshe that comes to nett, 

rtells be of sylke, For lust fyndea no lett 2 

)chetes white as Tyll hys poyson be spett ; 

ylke ; Be she fyne or feat, 

otes of righte sattyne. Be she white or jett, 

stt crymosyne ; Long or short sett, 

n masse and all is done] Followed by a deleted line; 

" The paynes to release." 

fustfi/ndts no lttl\ Occupies the place of the follow- 
) deleted lines; 

" be she ffayre or fowle 
for vnderneth an amys 
alyke ther hart is." 


your mery poppes : 
make vs sottes, 
with vs boopepe, 
r gambaldes like, 
re Lordes slieepe, 
)ur for to kepe, 
3ftt excesse, 
•ray God represse, 
) to sende redresse ! 
in can expresse 
nd wretchednesse 
are neckes do lye, 
rett tyrannye, 
e and surquedrye, 

openlye : 
one secretly 

e tolde, — and why V 


by and by 

1 faggott ffrye. 
n not deny, 

h doth playne dys- 

ysemen espye 
le fait doth lye 
5 owne foly, 
8 so iolye, 
>iire owne goodes 

We fether vppe oure i hoodes. 
Youe sanguinolently, 
Your mony is so plenty, 
That youe make no deynty 
Of twenty pound and twenty, 
So youe may haue entry; 
And then youe laughe and 

To se vs were the home, 
Ridinge here and hether, 
Goinge ther and thether, 
Lyke cokold foles together. 
In colde, wynde, and in 

For woll, for ledd, and lether; 
And yet do not consydre 
We wer an oxes fether: 
This is a prety bob, 
Oure hedes for to gnob * 
With suche a gentill job : 
And we oure selves rob 
Of landes temporall. 
And jvelles great and smalle. 
To give youe parte of all 
In almes perpetuall. 
To make our heyres thrall 
For your hye promotyon, 
Through our blynde devo- 

3y« " youre ? " but compare 6th line of next column, 
lowing line, ^^ sanguinolently^^ should perhaps be 
Latin, — " sanguinolentiy 
^edufor to gndb\ Followed by two deleted lines; 

** And make vs soch a lob 
To vse one lyke a lob." 


Aaa Roall ' inldlygens, 
Bol (tnt oar conacyeiu. 
L»jen m'th oBeu!, 
AdJ joa Tt «a iiiceiue, 
nu we be going hens, 
Tn Bike tocb rccumpenj 
Brgr^g' ywe our pt 
thirluid, gooile^i ftnd re 
For thai hoi)- pretflQ", 
Ib<7iig ffull coiirydeiis 
That baa BBfe dcreiis: 
So do we atyll dyspens 

With &1I rOR 

Of hnrty peoytem. 

Your joggly nge i» «^M, 
Your nrnvBier ia vntyed, 
Which ii the prince of pridti 

Can auffrv oi 
To here the troai tiy«d, 
Which ye intend to hid* 
With Teliement desyre, 
As bote as any ffire, 
ffirst parte of this present treiityse, ndlBd 
tbd linage of Ipocryty. 

Alake, for Christea might. 
These thinges go not nrighte ! 
Oare lanterns give no lighte, 
A!! bieshopps bo not brighte: 
They be «o full of spyle, 
Thay cam not wlioin they 

Both fread and too Oiq 

Wylb prii-UD, .lelh, Md 

So (luyly they do (ygtit 
To overtnine the iJghK 
So ws ba in the pljta, 

sljtnted for three deleteij 
B . . . foiida iiflljction 



g of onre sight, 
not black from 


IS blinded quyte, 

lot day from nyght. 

jT syres soule, 

ipostell Paule 

ve may see 

d Tymothe, 

d a bisslioppe be: 

tioly liffe, 

nde of one wiffe; 
not to strife, 
with sworde or 


; any tyme 
is of cryme, 
nd provident, 
lie eat or driiike, 
ke, or winke, 
on measure thinke, 
* vse a messe, 
ay excesse, 
3 lowe and chast; 
ake no wast 

or to be, 
lis degree, 

e sadd and sage, 
I outrage, 
Y with reason 
in tyme and season, 
kepe his meason ; 
no wise streke. 

But suffer and be meke, 

Shamefast and discrete, 

Temperat, dulce, and swete, 

Not speakinge angerly. 

But soft; and manerly; 

And, in any wise, 

Beware of covetyse. 

The rote of all ill vice; 

He must be liberall, 

And thanke oure Lorde of all; 

And, as a heerde his sheepe, 

His childer must he kepe, 

And all his family 

In vertu edyfy, 

Vuder disciplyne 

Of holsome doctryne, 

With dew subiection, 

That non obiection 

Be made vnto his heste 

Of most or of leste; 

For thus he doth conclude, 

As by simylitude, 

Howe he that cane not skill 

His housholde at his will 

To governe, rule, and teche, 

Within his power and reach, 

Oughte to haue no speache 

Of cure and diligence, 

Of suche premynence, 

Within the churche of God; 

And eke it is forbode 

That he no novice be, 

Lest with superbite 

He do presume to hye, 

And consequently 

Fall vnhappely 

Into the frenesy 

Of pride and of evyll, 

Lyke Lucyfer, the devyll; 


For be playnly writea, 
That of tbe^ nirapbitea, 
And paviuhe prosBlites, 
Sprinjw Tpp Ipocritei ; 
A bissUoppe eke inu?t hauB, 
Hii lionestr (o »>i*e, 
or nil men BDch a nnme, 
That his out wards fiuiie 
Be clana from any blame, 
Impecbed with no sbnrae, 
To draw ail people In, 
Thej may repeut of aynne, 
And so he may them nynno, 
That ^ei faii not Toware 
Into Ibe deviis snirs. 
Thus Paulo, B9 ye may so, 
Tonghle Tyte and Tymotbe, 
Who Bhooid a bisshapiie be: 
And Christ oure maierer dere, 
While be lyred here, 
Fall poorly did appera, 
Mekely ban^e and bredd ; 
The bnre earth waa his badd, 
For wbeca to hela bis headii. 
Or where to lye and rest, 
He btul no hole nor nest ; 
But in great poverty 
Hb lyved soberiy, 
And thus did edifye 


To gather and to Icape, 
By piliinge of histbepei 
Not forsynR who do wejn 
And to bis flucke Tepayn 
As it were Eo a Qjjn; 
To alt in Peten chAycl 
With pride and amblllan, 
Sowyng grent seditiMi 
And by superBtiHon 

By bulles vnder led, 

To serve both quiefee ud 

den.J ; 
And fay Hint way pretend 
To elyme vpp and ui*iid 
That Lucifer did diHsad. 
I Oiloke thnt anohs ftTkm 
Be not Chrittea rfcku^ 
But crafty intrycais, 
And pryry pnrm pyfciitt 
For they that be nkui 
Of stores newe andntd^ 
Mny perceyva and bdioUt 

To galkir nnd to ttpe] 
t sabstilnled for iw'> deleted liMit 
" To j/alher ami to kept 


mery thinge is solde 
ver and for golde : 
aft can not be told, 
8 and hath bene done 
iychryst of Borne; 
tns the sourdes springe 
ry naughty thinge, 
ndemeth the whynge 
Sire of Synne ; 
»m I will begynn 
lat for to speake, 
aynly to intreate 
farly freake, 
ttetli in his seat, 
Inge synne as meatte, 
i he and his do eate 
y may catch and 
reate : i 

pare not to devower 
owne, and tower, 
, no man may lower; 
it swete or sower, 
t good or yll, 
st b*» muett still, 
tes to fulfill 
; cocodryll, 
at his only will 
h man save or spyll. 
icked man of warr 
It is that he darr, 
yste, make and mart, 
le lawe to prefarr 
the worde of God ; 
ith Codes forbod 
'er it should be; 

A man to cljrme so hy, 
By reason of his see. 
To clayme auctoritye 
Aboue the Deyte, 
It is to hy a host. 
And synne one of the most 
Ageynst the Holy Cost, 
That is not remissable : 
For as for the Bible, 
He taketh it for a ridle. 
Or as a lawles lible, 
Which, to the hy ofifence 
Of his conscience. 
He dare therwith dispence, 
And alter the sentence ; 
For wher God do prohibitt, 
He doth leve exhibite, 
And at his lust inhybyte; 
And wher God doth com- 

Therhe doth countermaunde; 
After his owne purpose 
The best text to tume and 

Like a Welshe manes hose, 
Or lyke a waxen nose: 
But wyse men do suppose 
That truth shall judge and 

For lyars can but lye. 
He is so hault and taunt, 
That he dare hvme avaunt 


All erthly men to daunt; 
And faynes to give and 

tv] Followed by a deleted line; 

** Be it by colde or heate." 

^OL. II. 26 

^^V 402 F0EU9 ATTRIB 


^^^1 Ii. heuven abo^e or 

Like the pri»co of prid^!B 

^^^^1 A plHce vhcrin to dwell, 

Thu! of euerv »vde 

^^^H Ak aU hit \yan tell. 

Wnrro9 tbe warFde »yde. 

^^^B Wbiob be di>tli dnyly lell, 

WlioiD no »lroiiglia miy 

^^^1 Alter 


^^^1 ir meD come to hia pri^e; 

Tlie devill be liia E^yd*! 

For loke in hiB dBe^eB^ 

^^^^1 For, DS ya will deinnunde, 

And ye shall Qnde outlya, 

^^^H He can nn<l mny cDmmDULde 

As Ihik AS Bwnrme of bygi^ 

Thnl ihroiighc the wmlde 

^^^1 or angells out of be^yen, 


^^^^^M To name throUKlie ths leven, 

^^^1 Aud make >lI1 UiiDge OTSiI, 

^^^1 m» biddinges to obey, 

But great raercyraonyu 

^^^H Wbich bB&TBs the grenCist 

Of hW fiercmonvBS, 

^^^1 Bnrsye, 

Tosmoddorvs wilhsiMtot 

^^^H Your eoules to convey 

For, when he wUbe wroke, 

^^^^^H Frome all ilecaye 


^^^1 Out oC the rande> wey; 


^^^H But provided nlwey, 


^^^H That ye Snt mon j payo ; 

Thntsaida his yoke i»«wel% 

^^^^V At the Hppoyntsd diiya 

Hte burthen lights uiid ontt 

^^^V Ye preieiit, if it mnye; 

For ell men that be mekl, 

^^H Then, vnder thi pelyclon. 

To Buffer and to hero, 

^^^H ThDD gsttflBt true nuDyBeiOD, 

Without dtwie or fere: 

But Popea nfterwarde, 

^^^^^B By thiihii owiieconiiiiyssioa, 

That never hnd reg»n! 

^^^H By bryve or eh by bull, 

Whioh eude shouMe p to* 

^^^1 To fill h» coflen full; 


^^^1 Ye may aske whiit ye wuU. 

Hnue draweii y» bokwwl* ' 

^^^M Alue, ye be to dull 

And made tlie yoke W la* 

^^^1 To te this lorde of losse 

By faiBB invented lawN, 

^^^P The fo of Christea cross >, 

As Ihoughe l»y om »w 

^^^ This hoore ef Babilon, 


P AnJ leede of Zabuloe, 

And domett! any )to««, 

1 The enemy of Christ, 

With aivile and canOO 

L Tho devels holy pryet, 

To serve God and M«ffl«»L 

^^^^_ And very Antechrist, 

Bif!h<e nnd wronga i>3^^H 

^^K To reveU and to ride, 

Serobe hU decretlllH^^H 


And bnlles papalles, 

Et, inter aUa, 

Loke in his paHa 

And B€u:chanaUa,^ 

With his extravagantes 

And wayes vagarantes : 

His Ittwes arrogantea 

Be made by truwantes 

That frame his finctions 

Into distinctionsi 

With clontes of clawses, 

Qnestyons and cawses, 

With Sext and Clementyne, 

And lawes legantyne : 

His connty pallantyne 

Hane coustome colabryne. 

With codes viperjme 

And sectes serpentyne: 

Blinde be his stores 

Of interogatores 

And declarators, 

With lapse and relapse, 

A wispe and a waspe, 

A clispe and a claspe, 

And his after clappes; 

For his paragnifies 

Be no oosmografTes, 

But vnhappy graflfes, 

That wander in the warrayne, 

Fmteles and bara3'ne, 

To fede that foule carrayne, 

And dignite papall ; 

With judges that scrape all, 

And doctoiirs that take all, 

By lawes absynthyall 
And labirynthyall: 
His tabellions 
Be rebellions ; 
His laweres and scribee 
Live only by bribes ; 
His holy advocates 
And judges diligates 
Haue robbed all estates, 
By many inventions 
Of sundry suspentions, 
Subtile subventions, 
Crafty conventions, 
Prevy preventions. 
And evell exemptions; 
So hath his indictions 
And his interdictions. 
With croked coramyssiont, 
Colde compromyssions, 
Cursed conditions, 
Hevy traditions, 
Elvishe iuibitions, 
And redv remissions : 
Then hathe he inductions 
And colde conductions; 
His expectatyves 
Many a man vnthrives ; 
By his constitutions 
And his subtitutions 
He maketh institutions, 
And taketh restitutions, 
Sellinge absolutions. 
And other like pollutions: 
His holy actions 

i-paUa • • . BftcchaftaHd] It would seem from the context 
Uk&t the right reading is " Palilia." The MS. has " Baccha- 


^^^H B0 SHllsrnctiorui 

j.^^ M 

^^H Hembbeltmllnstiom 

PubUoBtloni, ^^M 

^^H With bU nilmioaEIonB, 

KennnttUtiot^ ^^M 

^^H And other like vexntiong; 

^^^H At with abinratioDB, 

^^^^1 A).-grnTBtic)DB, 

^^^B fresenUtiona, 

Hid holy vntons ^^H 

^^^1 AdvoonCioni, 

His triHliteu ^^H 

^^^m UilHFHdntioni, 

Be full of qnalllM^^^H 

^^^H Sustentntlone, 

His lalies M,d ijuoV^^H 

^^H AAmiayitntiom, 

Befuiloriilollea: ^^H 

Willi qnibffi and ql^^H 

And Df moi1uarfU,^^H 

^^^H Dccliirstlons, 

By sutea o{ upi'BRl^^^H 


Anii by h» ofle repeB^W 

^^^B Collocaliorui, 

Ha on™ urnny Jte«lB«. " ' 

^^^H RBTOoilions, 

I ap«akfl uol uf hiaK»M«> 

^^^^^P tntimatidDB, 

01 de iind aTTlcnlw.i^^^ 

Cokie and C!Hniaiil«^^^| 



PlByilB [ha knnvjon* ■ •« 

^^H ConyocatiODS, 

Vndemeth a mdl: 

I amy not lall yoM lU, 

In tenaBB special', 

or pardon nor of p«U, 

^^^^1 OomnifiiiitionB, 

^^H ExctuBtloru, 

Forlfeure. yfliecill 

The eeiitance genenll. 

1 Vkilatioas, 

1 uiigbte BO Inke a Ul. 



And haue his bitter curse, 
And yett be not the warse, 
Save only in my purse, 
Because I shoulde be fiEiyne 
To by my state agayne 
Ex leno vd ex Unci, 
Aid pelUce cbtcana^ 
Res certe inanuena : 
PapisUcortan tcena^ 
Malorwn semper plena; 
For all the worlde rounde 
He falsely doth confounde 
By lawes made and founde, 
By thyr devyse vnsownde, 
With no steadfast grounde. 
But with fayned visions 
And develyshe devisions, 
With basterde religions : 
Thus this cursed elfe, 
To avaunce his pelfe, 
Falsely fayne[s] hymeself 
To be semideus: 
Ko, youe Asmeodeus, 
Te are Amoreus, 
The Sonne of Chanaan; 
thou monstrous man. 
And childe of cursed Chan, 
Arte thou halfe god, halfe 

Gup, leviathan, 
And Sonne of Sattan, 
The worme Uinphagus, 
And sire to Symonde Magus 1 
porter Cerberus, 
Thou arte so monstrous, 
Boo made and myschevous, 
Proude and surquedrous, 
And as lecherous 
At Heliogabalus 

Or Sardanapalus I 
Hatefull vnto God, 
And father of all falsehoode, 
The poyson of prestoode, 
And deth of good knight- 

The robber of riche men, 
Aad murderer of meke men, 
The turment of true men 
That named be nev/e men, 
The prince of periury, 
And Christes enemy, 
Vnhappy as Achab, 
And naughty as N& lab. 
As cnifty as Caball 
And dronken as Na^'<ll, 
The hope of I&maeU, 
And false Achitofell, 
The bliss inge of Bell. 
And advocate of he! I 
Thou hunter Nembr >• 
And Judas Iscarioth, 
Thou bloody Belyali. 
And sacrifise of Ball, 
Thou elvishe ipocrite, 
And naughty neophif e 
Thou pevishe proselile, 
And synefull Sodymiro. 
Thou gredy Gomorrite, 
And galefull Gabaonite, 
Tho[uJ hermofrodite, 
Thou arte a wicked sprite 
A naughty seismatike, 
And an heritike, 
Abeestely bogorian. 
And devill meridian. 
The patrone of proctors. 
And dethe of trewe doctourj. 
The founder of faytors, 

The •heiidor of srwhb, 
And brenker of Uwm, 
The (jre af lerdoaera. 
And prince of pardmiars, 
Tho kipge of quenlors. 
AoJnila of regeslors, 
Tlie eUtt of froggo*, 
And mnkiir of godd^n, 
The brother of brothcllt, 
And lords of all losells. 


e the t> 

,a falla 




Amonj^e Irasty biiwiie", 
■J'lio fathor ef (bles, 
And ignorannES of woIbs, 
Thi Iwlpor of harkCU a. 
And caplftyns of i ' 
The oloke of all t 
And capUyna i 

ide BA OD hogge, 
hide as nay dogRB, 
sikue ths and Sainc 

hoa the blest prysti 
ienr vnto Christ? 

iraed erekar, 
A cmfly vpporepwi 
Thou urt« Iha ieviit viosr, 
A priryo pnnie pikar, 
By lawes mid by titea 
for Bowles oDd for ^pritH: 
lordo of ipocrites, 

To spenke of cardiinUai, 
That kepe ther holy h*tlu 
With lowrm and nnlles; 
Be they not cHmallH, 
Atid lordM itifernnllos? 
Yea, gredy onnnulles, 

Willi ther cappdDtanta 
Tliey lok« aduMaU: 
For Mlh. men tajr Uiej te 
Full of iniquile, 
LyvingB III habondBDU 
Of all woridl.v sabiUuiiM, 
Wherin they lodge and ]j, 
And wallowe bauletUf , 
At ho^e* do la a Hye, 
Serrlnge ther god, th>r bAi 
Witb chosttea nnd <r[th|ellT. 
With ranyson nnd with liiWi 
With coaffte* wid wicb bMi 
; To esae ther holy hitrtei. 
They taka ther statiou, 
And make dyambalUiOIII 
Into lU oalioiia, 
For ther TiBltationi, 
OalUnge convoattfani^ 
SailiiiBB dUpoDiatloHf 
Glvinjce GondanMlanii 
UnkiiiKe permmatloM, 
And of excomDDyoUiw 
Sell they ralaxalloni 
For tliry, in ther pngnM 



item, Mawde, and 


fall great excesM, 

any redresse; 
nen they oppreese 
towne, and village; 
le and yong of age 
be and make pyllage, 
ts for to aswage, 
ley extorte by mighte 
) churches rtghte; 
y not lese a fether: 
, that lyyeth ever, 
hat they never 
veer to come hether! 
r they ones arive, 
9 they do vs shry ve, 
vere by my life, 
;ry ther shall thrive 
in and ffive 
im the worse: 
) them Godeg curse 

within ther purse; 
lyd and lewde 
ley were beshrewed, 
rer mighte come nere 
sitt here, 

Altho they haue sotch cbere 
As they cann well desyre. 
And as they will requier; 
For why, it doth appere. 
The hartes ar sett on fyer 
Of chanon, monke, and fryer, 
That daylye dothe aspyre,^ 
By bulles vnder ledd, 
How they should be fedd; 
It is therfore great skill 
That every Jacke and Gyll 
Performe the Popes will, 
Hys purse and panch to ffill; 
For, as I erst haue toide. 
There lyves not suche a 

That dare ons be so bold, 
From shome ne yet from 

Nor monye, raeate, nor golde. 
From soch men ^ to withholde, 
Ther favour boughte and 

That take a thowsand ffblde 
More then that Judas did: 
The trouth can not be hid ; 
For it is playnly kid 

e] Followed by a deleted line (inserted above with 

** Thyr hartes ar so on fyer." 

nen] Originally *' them.** This line is followed by 
leted lines (inserted above, — the first two slightly 

" Mony meat or golde 
But be they shome or polde 
Ther lyves not suche a scolde.** 


^^^1 Jadni for hU dispense 

Ag..yn.t ii^ ^H 

^^^H Sold Christ Tor thirty pen>e, 

In bi9sho[,p or tn othn) il 

^^^^1 And did a ronle offence, 

Yea. thouKhe It wero ay 

^^^^1 Hia Lorde Ood bo Id truf ; 


^^^B And they in Uknwiee aa.y, 

My father or my mothn, 

^^^^^1 After Jaila» wny, 

My »y»l«r or my >.onnei 

^^^H What will yt give and pay, 

For, M 1 liBUe bepMins, 

^^^H A5 IhG mutter fal\ia. 

I wlU, as I haiie doiHM, 

^^^H For pardonnei and fi>r pnllss 

DisolosB the great ootnijl 

That ia in this linage; 

For be tliat fiiles the p^ic^^ 

^^^H Without rattylDtyons, 

Ana theron groweth sycM, 

^^^1 And nt OUTB owns Blectioa 

May with the guldbmellbf 

For, aa I erst hnoe uid, 

^^^H Be«yd« ChfiibH psssion 

Oure bi^ahops at n btn/d 

^^^H To make snU^fnction ; 

Ar pxiwnH so sore admvft 

^^^^H We (van for nmi ofTeotie, 

And in Hie world ao Hill- 

^^^H So they hnue recompODce: 

Do Tte !utcli ponip^ (111 

^^^H By great aadncititeB 



^^^H For hesTen and for hell 


^^^H They mony Uke and tell 

Of no prince, lord, nor aitt 

^^^1 So thus they by uid »ell. 

They take will a ralrake; 

^^^H And take that^ no ehnme, 

All lay men they lUnniM 

^^^H But Inughe uid haue good 

Makings non nconyW, , 


Nor cute ]>o rookoqM^H 

^^^H To all onre soals bnne: 

Scarcely of B kingO^^^H 

^^H God heipe, we be to blame 

This it a wonder l^^^l 

^^^H Satch lordfls to defame; 

They standa so >i^^^H 

^^^H Yatl, hy the common fame, 

fa.'tt, ^^M 

^^^^H Some biBBhops vse fhe same. 

And be nothioge t^^^H 

^^^1 In Chrlstes holy name 

that blodyjHd^^^H 

^^^H Soulei to Mil and bye: 

And nii^qcj^l^^^^^H 

^^H My mjude not lo lye, 

The Pojtti^^^^^l 

^^H But to write plnynlyt. 


^^H 1 •«I<M] Followed bj ■ Chd* 


^^H "Batf«UJM 



le cardinalles 
er defence and walles, 
horn they stifly stande 
9r and by lande, 
the overhande 
he world rounde, 
rofitt may be founde : 
) 80 many legions, 
ey oppresse regions 
)ke, bell, and candell, 
ige to handell, 
bane many one: 
U herevpon 
f good Kinge John, 
t)y the bitinge 
subtill smy tinge, 
' acytinge, 
er interditinge, 
ther holy poores 
ored vpp stoores, 
pte suche stvrre with 

ut vpp all churche 

f princely pleasure, 
Te so owt of measure, 
Y might haue leasure, 
)g lorde and kinge 
and lowe to bringe ; 
was a pyttevs thyng, 
t with wepinge yees, 
8 backe and thies, 
elinge on his knees, 
Oder vpp his fees, 
ngly dignytees, 
orowne, and landes, 

Alas, howe mighte it be 
That oure nobilitee 
Could then no better se ? 
For thevi'8 was the fault 
Oure prelates were sohaulte; 
Their strength then was to 

Ther liege lorde to kepe ; 
They durst not fight ne strike, 
They feared of a gleke, 
That, no day in the weke, 
For any good or cattell. 
Durst they go to battell, 
Nor entre churche ne chap> 

In syxe or seven yere, 
Before Christ to uppere, 
And devine seruice here 
In- any hallowed place, 
For lacke of ther good grace ; 
Ther was no tyme nor space 
To do to God seruice, 
But as they wolde devise; 
Their lawes be so sinystre, 
That no man durst minvstre 
The holy sacrementes 
Till they hadd ther intent«8 
Of landes and of rentes. 
By lawes and by lyes; 
To inriche ther sees, 
The blind men eat vpp flees; 
For by ther constitutions 
They toke restitutions 
Of cyties and of ca<*tells, 
Of townes and bastells. 
And make ther prince pike 

Till they rang out the belles, 
And did as they wold elles, 


Like traylours and robeUe.?, 
As the ttory telles. 
But Jt9\i Clirift fajmeselT, 
Kor Iiii nppoilelEi iwDtO^ 
VdId Ihnt cTnyd elfe 
Did nover [each hjm so 
In luiy wiM to do, 
Fur lours or iidvaylB, 
Ageynsl tbjr k<rng to rajle, 

Within hi! owne luide 
To put hym Tnder bando, 
And tiiko hredo of hU honde: 
Tlie Lnrde «bub sulch k flock 
Tlial Ki could mows and mock 

kliige a block, 
r langfunge 

And eke i 

Thej* hiered hym with 

And said thai he mast wnrcbe 
By louoseli of the cbnreho! 
Wberby they menl nolhingo 

OniT for to brinxe 

This wan o midday 
A kln;re to (o eaforce 
With patyence pertbree. 
Take hade therfote and 

All ye that knnwe this MitH 
Te make not siitcb a raatctt; 
Luke rorth, hewnra tlu 

Ye fall not in Ihe nixttlii! 
Of that vngTBliori pnelliE, 
Before the rope hym nirlb^ 
Or Tybume dotha byn 

Bat who te preacbe WfO* 
1 wnme yone, nOe and kN 
To loke Tpp and 
Thnt ye do mtct 
Yoor tnaister nor 


Aj^siist all God* Uwe, 
All rijihle and coatience, 
For doioga ooa olfencB 
To make snlch recompeuce! 
They gare ther lords a Iscki 
To purge Tilhall hit enake, 
And putt hym lo no laska, 
But u Ihey wold hyme aske 

e hede, for ChriUn tiM> 
knowe yoUTOnaiiW^ 
re be tardy takei 
To trust on hadd I wU, 
Imaskei) !□ ■ myitr' 
At good to 1y brpnij 
For these hie primatB, 
ByMhopg and pnUui, 
Aiid popeholy letnitei, 
With ther pild patat, 
Dare conqnvr all etMtn: 
They do but aa they will 
For, l.e il i;Dod or IIL 
We mtut be mnelt ttlO: 
Why lay men MX oot", 


re nowe adayes 
the Lordes layes, 
le therowne wayes; 
)we of late 
n great debate ; 
champe and chaffe 
do in draffe, 
cry out apase 
)s at a chase, 
r lacke of grace 
le truthe wold de- 


they barke, 
n the darke, 
3usarde starke, 
not se the marke, 
1 at this warke, 
)re taketh carke 
le is no clarke. 
ofb and still 
» in a mill, 
cry and yell 
do in hell ; 
tere and ther, 

I wote not whor; 
.e ypp, yea and nay, 
foreake ther lay ; 
till and stey, 
to haue a daye; 
3 not what to say, 
vhether they may 
une away ; 
IS be so weake, 

they dare not 
frayd of heate; 

Some be sycke and sadd, 
For sorrowe almost madd; 
I tell youe veryly, 
Ther wittes be awry. 
They peyne themselyes 

To haue the trouth go by; 
Some on bokes dayly prye, 
And yett perceyve not reason 

Tho some affirme, some do 

With nowe a trouth and then 

To say one thinge openly. 
And an other prively; — 
Here be but youe and I; 
Say to me your mynd playn- 

Is it not open heresy ? 
Thus say they secretly, 
Whisperinge with sorrowe 
That they deny to morowe. 
Ther tales be so dobble. 
That many be in trobble. 
And doubt which way to take, 
Themselves sure to make: 
A lorde, it makes me shake I 
For pyty that I quake. 
They be so colde and horse, 
That they haue no foree, 
So they be prefarred, 
Tho all the rest were marred. 
Thus the people smatter. 
That dayly talke and clatter. 
Cure preachere do but flatter, 
To make themselves the fatter. 


I TW .M« ^1 



her Festino, 
toure Attamino, 
; camino^ 
• conaobrinOf 

isinino ; 
in Umo 
'tmdo fimOy 
in cvUno 
ma de AqtdnOy 
'8 in ima 

: toure Chekraate 
pardoned pate, 
II educate ; 
is indurate, 
i eke edentate ; 
s be obfuscate, 
les obumbrate, 
stions to debate; 
2;he cam but late, 
; !•* explicate 
nes intricate, 
lero^' conflate; 
fore must he make 
ind antedate. 
3toui' Tom-to-bold 
r whote nor colde, 
dies be solde ; 
! may not be tolde 

For syluer nor for golde ; 

But he is sutch a scolde, 

That no play may hym iiolde 

For anger vnbepyst, 

Yf his name were wist; 

Ye may judge as ye liste; 

He is no Acquiniste, 

Nor non Occanist,^ 

But a mockaniste ; 

This man may not be myste, 

He is a suer sophiste, 

And an olde papist. 

But nowe we haue a knighte : * 

That is a man of mighte. 

All armed for to fighte. 

To put the trouthe to fiighte 

By Bowbell pollecy. 

With his poetry 

And his sophestry; 

To mocke and make a Jy, 

With quod he and quod I; 

And his appologye. 

Made for the prelacy, 

Ther hugy pompe and pride 

To coloure and to iiide ; 

He maketh no nobbes, 

But with his diologges 

To prove oure prelates goddes, 

And lay men very lobbes, 

Betinge they[m] with bobbes, 

And with ther ow[n]e roddes ; 

astel of maleperduyi was the beste and the fastest 

it he had, ther laye he inne whan he had nede and 

ly drede or fere." Sig. a 8. ed. 1481. 

utt] So written, it would seem, for the rhyme, prop- 


j/Ue] i. e. Sir Thomas More. 


Thus he taketh payne 
To fable and to fayne, 
Ther myscheflf to mayntayne, 
And to haue tbem rayne 
Over hill and playne, 
Yea, over heaven and hell, 
And wheras sprites dwell. 
In purgatorye holies. 
With whote ffier and coles, 
To singe for sely soules, 
With a supplication, 
And a confutation, 
Without replication, 
Havinge delectation 
To make exclamation, 
By way of declamation. 
In his Debellation,^ 
With a popishe fasshion 
To subvert oure nation : 
But this daucok doctoure 
And purgatory proctoure 
Waketh nowe for wages, 
And, as a man that rages 
Or overcome with ages,* 
Disputith per ambage*^ 
To helpe these parasites 
And naughty ipocrites, 
With legendes of lyes, 
Fayned fantasies, 
And verv vanvties, 
Calleii verj'ties, 
Vnwrittcn and viiknowcn, 
But as thev be blo>vne 

From Iyer to Iyer, 
Inventyd by a flfryer 
In magna ccpioj 
Brought out of Vtopia 
Vnto the mayde of Kcntf 
Nowe from the devill scB^i 
A virgyne ffayre and gentj 
That hath our yees blent: 
Alas, we be myswent! 
For yf the false intent 
Were knowen of this wite 
It passeth dogg and bitche 
I pray God, do so mutche 
To fret her on the itche, 
And open her intymel 
For this manly myne 
Is a darke devyne, 
With his poetry. 
And her iugglery, 
By conspiracy 
To helpe our prelacy, 
She by ypocresye, 
And he by tyranny. 
That causeth cruelly 
The simple men to dye 
For fayned herisye: 
He saythe that this nody 
Shall brenne, soule and bod] 
Or singe hi> palanody, 
With feare till he pant, 
To make hvm recreante 


His sayinges to recants, 
So as he shalbe skante 

^kis I\btllitioH\ i. e. Sir Thomas More's DebeBac§m 

* J^vi] i. e. age is. 

• tlu m<iyjf tj' KiHt] L e. Elizabeth Barton. 



e or in booke, 
ithe of the rote 
b&se and fote 
>homynation ; 
sutche a faashion, 
man in station 
vill passion 
to stalke, 
ipeny to walke, 
le preacher talke, 
lath made a baike ; 
9 innocent, 
to be brent, 
Fer checke and 

t on his necke, 
) life to quecke, 
3 vpp, like a bosse, 
It PHules crosse, 
er losse 

•de name and fame : 
1 great payne and 

e men in bandes, 
;e goods and landes, 
to hete ther handes 
sottes and with 

hem be abjure : 
iges be in vre ; 
e vs with the lure 
I execution, 
}Ty fume 
s shall consume 
by two, and one ; 

Men say ye will spare none 

Of hye nor iowe degre. 

That will be eneme 

To your ipocrese, 

Or to your god the bele ; 

For who dare spoake so felle 

That clerkes should be simple, 

Without spott or wrinkell ? 

Yett natheiesse alwey 

I do protest and saye, 

And shall do while I may, 

I never will deny. 

But confesse openly, 

That puunysshement should 

In every degre. 
Done with equite ; 
When any doth offende. 
Then oughte youe to attende 
To cause hyme to amend, 
Awaytinge tyme and place. 
As God may give youe grace, 
To haue hyme fase to fase, 
His fautes to deface, 
With hope to recency le hyme; 
But not for to begile hym. 
Or vtterly to revile hyme. 
As thoughe ye wold excile 

For then, the trouth to tell, 
Men thinke ye do not well. 
Ye call that poore man 

As thoughe ye hadd no 

Or havinge no regarde, 
Whiche ende should go for- 

warde : 
Ye be so sterne and harde, 


^^^^H Yc ratlier dmwe bncknnrde, 

^^H Vonr brotlier so to blinde, 

But holy at his hniide 

^^^^H 'I'o grope Slid ssitche liii 

We shoulde all be and 



Bolh olerhes epirilpaH, 



^^^H Some v-urde to pika and 

But youe makalaweolirill, 


The poore to plncke and piU, 

^^^H n'herbfvemaybymabUiide 

Andsome tluitdonoy!!, 

^^H With yoor poplBhe laws 

Yoar appetite to ffilt, 

^^^^H To kepe tb Tnder avre, 


^^H By captious storyei 

UltGodea woniBtiythMl 

^^^H Orinterrogatoryei!: 

And then jB shsll not fill 

^^H Thus do ye full Ttikindly, 


^^^H To reyoe younelvea Bindley, 


^^^^H And be uolliiiige bat fyudly. 

Be euery mannas rode, 

^^^H I tell youe, men be lotlie 

And Ibu kinges tile Itwe 

^^^^H To ee yone wode snd wrotlis, 

To kepe i)iem vnder awe, 

^^H And tben for to be bothe 

lo fray Uie riHl with Of 

^^^H 111' ncmaerand thejndge: 

roure, ( 

^^H Then fnn^veU all refuge, 

They may rereka lli« * 

^^^H And welcom aiuiguiauge 1 


^^^H Wlien ya be mndd and nugry, 

And thn«, 1 (ay agarnt, 


^^^H It is ogej'ii^t h!I oqultye 

Ve prelnies wolde Uk* 

^^H Ye sboulde ^K judge and 


To preache the pi^ 

^^^H Therfore [lie kinges grece 


^^H Your Jawee muete deface 

For otherwise oBitayM 

^^H For before lilE face 

Your Inbuuia u in fi^l 

^^^H Youe ehonid your playntes 

For uU yoor cruellye. 

I liuowB that yon and « 

^^^^H Ab to your lords and kinge 

Shall never well igrN- 

^^^H And judge iu euery tliinge, 


^^^H Tbat, by Godes worde, 

Sutch as disposed b« 

^^^H Uathe power of the aworde. 

or ther charitye 

^^H A> kinr^ and only lorde. 

To preach the »«iyty»| 

^^^^B tio Bcripture doth rccurde; 


^^^f Fur her within ]aiido 

And with your vetium. 1 


as ye saye ; 
ake them Btay : 
tiat all do may, 
and pray, 

the day, 
le very knye 
ige of his way, 
ue stolen awaye ! 
my lordes, perfay, 
r popishe play, 
r gold 80 gay, 
rriche araye, 

youe to deluye 
hall go astraye, 
o swyme or sinke; 
do thinke, 
ill wake or wyuke, 
$at or drinke 
ithont ye swynke. 
xrold make youe 

e, ye be lothe 
ir of both, 
irself to cloth 
are and with 

ill youe eate 
'one erne and 


;e8 and pages, 

:r parsonages, 

and your cages, 

lyly wages: 

vs, and Sainct 

hevy case. 

A chaunce of ambesase, 
To se youe bronghte so base 
To playe without a place: 
Now God send better grace ! 
And loke ye leme apase 
To tripe in trouthes trace, 
And seke some better chaunce 
Yourselves to avaunce, 
With sise synke or synnes ; 
For he laughe[sj that wynues 
As ye haue hetherto. 
And may hereafter do ; 
Yf ye the gospell preche, 
As Christ hymself did teche, 
And in non other wise 
But after his devise, 
Ye may with good advyse 
Kepe your benefise 
And all your dignite, 
Without malignite, 
In Christes name, for me; 
I gladely shall agre 
It ever may so be. 
But this I say and shall, 
What happ soeuer fall, 
I pray and call 
The Kinge oelestiall. 
Ones to give youe grace 
To se his wordo haue place; 
And then within shorte space 
We shall perceyve and se 
Howe euery degre 
Hath his auctorite 
By the la we of Christ, 
The lay man and the prest, 
The poore man and the lorde 

1 by] i. e. buy, — acquire, earn. 

II. * 27 


For of thftt monocorde 
The scripture doth recorde ; 
And then with good accorde, 
In love and in concorde 
We shall together holde ; 
Or elles ye may be bolde, 
For heate or colde 
Say ye what ye will, 
Yt were as good be still ; 

Thuse endith the thirde parte of this present treatise called 
the Image of Ypocresye. 

For thoughe ye glose vA 

Till your eye* dase, 
Men hulde it but a mase 
Till Godes worde haue plMii 
That doth include mora 

Then all erthly men 
Gould ever knowe or keo. 

Nowe with sondry sectes 
The world sore infectes, 
As in Christes dayes 
Amonge the Pharisees, 
In clothinge and in names; 
For some were Rbodyans, 
And Samaritans, 
Some were Publicanes, 
Some were Nazai*enes, 
Bisshops and Essen es, 
Preestes and Pharisees; 
And so of Saducees, 
Prophetes and preachers, 
Doctours and teachers, 
Tribunes and tribes, 
Lawers and scribes. 
Deacons and levytes, 
With many ipocrites; 
And so be nowe also, 
With twenty tyines mo 
Then were in Christes dayes 
Amonge the Pharisees: 
The Pope, whom first they 

Ther lorde and principall, 
The patriarke withall; 

And then the Gardinall 
With tytles all of pride, 
As legates of the side, 
And some be cutt and 

That they be legates borne; 
Then archebisshops bdd, 
And bisshops for the folde, 
They metropolitannes. 
And these diocysanyes, 
That haue ther sufiragaoyea 
To blesse the prophanyes; 
Then be ther cur tisanes 
As ill as Arrianes 
Or Domicianes, 
Rioll residentes. 
And prudent presidentes; 
So be their sejisors. 
Doughty dispensors, 
Crafty inventors, 
And prevy precentors, 
With chaplaynes of honour 
That kepe the Popes 

bower ; 
Then allmoners and deane«i 
Tliat geit by ther meanes 


The rule of all reames; 
Vett be ther subdeanes, 
With treasorers of tnist, 
And chauncelours iniust, 
To scoure of scab and rust, 
With vicars generalls, 
And ther officialles, 
Ghanons and ehaunters, 
That be great avaunters ; 
So be ther subchaunters, 
Sextons and archedeakons, 
Deakons and sabdeakons, 
That be ypodeakons, 
Parsonnes and vicars, 
Surveyors and sikers, 
Prevy pursepikers, 
Provosteaand preachers, 
Headers and teachers, 
With bachilers and maysters, 
Spenders and wasters; 
So be ther proctors. 
With many dull doctors, 
Pronde prebendaryes, 
Colde commissaries, 
Synfull secundaries. 
Sturdy stipendaries, 
With olde ordinaryes. 
And penytencyaryes. 
That kepe the sanctuaries; 
So be ther notaries. 
And prothonotaries, 
Lawers and scribes, 
With many quibibes, 
Redy regesters, 
Pardoners and questers. 
Maskers and mummers, 
Deanes and sumners, 
Apparatoryes preste 
To ride est and weste; 

Then be ther advocates, 
And parum litterates. 
That eate vpp all estates, 
With wyly visitors. 
And crafty inquisitors. 
Worse then Maraalokes, 
That catche vs with ther 

And brenne vs and oure 

bokes ; 
Then be ther annivolors. 
And smalle benivolers. 
With chauntry chapleynes, 
Oure Ladyes chamberleynes ; 
And some be Jesu Christes, 
As be oure servinge pristes, 
And prestes that haue cure 
Which haue ther lyvinge 

With clerkes and queresters. 
And other smale mynisters, 
As reders and singers, 
Bedemen and bellringers. 
That laboure with ther lippes 
Ther pittaunce out of pittes. 
With Bennet and Collet, 
That bere bagg and wallett; 
These wretches be full wely. 
They eate and drinke frely. 
Withe scUve^ siella cas/t. 
And ther de pro/uncUs ; 
They lye with immuruiisy 
And walke with vacabundis. 
At good ale and at wynue 
As dronke as any swynne ; 
Then be ther grosse abbottes, 
That observe ther sabbottes, 
Payer, ffatt, and ffuU, 
As gredy as a gull. 

^^H^ (20 POEMfl ATrJilbUTK.D TO SKELTO&^^H 

^^^1 And ranhe at uny 

hn<iBiuiSH>ea! ^^M 

^^^H Willi priars of liks plnc^.l 

Some be Punluies, ' 

^^^H Some blcicka auJ lame 


^^^H A- Fhnnnuus be and moakea, 

^^^^^^, GreiLl labyes aud lompea, 

So<ne be FlBmytlBa ^^M 

^^^^H Ffttbers and maltien, 

Some be Oolumbin^^^B 

^^^1 &nxta and oaam. 

Some be GUberlto^^H 

^^^H And llttell prelj- baniuB, 

Some be Diialpllirt^^H 

^^^H With licua snd laoton, 

Some be Ctariiiei, ^^H 

^^^H Myiislan nod ractora. 

And miiay Aneiufi^^H 

Some CI»ri»iM*, ^^H 

^^H With pap»l] Golluctoi^, 

Some be AwNtUtMi^^H 

Some be SklBVCOU^^^H 

^^^H Muckinge myitugoset. 

Some be MynoUM^^^H 

^^^H III slrBunge array Biid lubea, 

Some be Uat«my^^^H 

^^H WiilunUiersinDgagei; 

Some be LmujIm^^^H 

^^^H With «ecteE many mo. 

&»me Iw Xipiril«^^^^| 

^^H Ad Uuiidrelh in a. tbnxi 

Some bi JohaonjI^^^H 

^^^H Ihidie to nams bf RM, 

Some be JtwiphHfj^^H 

^^^^H Ai they come to my myode. 

Some be Jmiyte^^^^H 

^^^^H Wbum, Choughs they lie vn- 

&m Hud S«rvyt«, ^ 


Atidsondiy JuiiobiUii 

^^H Tlie L&y mens lobar fiudo; 

^^H Fw tome be Benedlutes 

HierMOtynulB*, ^^JMA 

Mn^yoiM, ^^M 

^^^H Suine be Cluny, 

^^V Ami some be PItxoy. 

^^B Willi OiMi-fSCtKa, 

And SoenoUtWt ^^M 

So be lixN Sopbal^^^M 

Hal; Hanguim, ^^H 

PufgatorUM, HH 



cnilsiui, in the IIS. after lUit 





be ther Indianes, 












ith Rfaodianes; 

be Teraplers, 


be Spitlers, 

>me be Vitlere, 

be Scapelere, 

)me Cubiculers, 

be Tercyaris, 

)ine be of St. Marys, 

be HostiariSf 

r St, Johns frarys, 

be StelliferSf 

)me be Enaefers, 


)me be Crucyfers, 

haue signe of sheres, 

;ome were shurtes of 


be of the spone, 

lome be crossed to 


daiinto and dnly 

ihathes valley, 

1 the blak alley 

IS it ever darke is, 

ome be of St Markis 

Mo then be good clarkes, 
Some be Mys^iricordes, 
Mighty men and lonlea, 
And some of Godes house 
That kepe the poore ^jouse, 
Minimi and Mymcs, 
And other blak devinc% 
With Virgins and Vestalles, 
Monkes and Monyalles, 
That be conventualles, 
Like frogges and todes ; 
And some be of the Rhodes, 
Swordemen and knighte5>, 
That for the [faithj fightes 
With sise, sinke, and quatter. 
But nowe never the latter 
I intend to clatter 
Of a mangye matter, 
That smelles of the smatter. 
Openly to tell 
What they do in hell, 
Wheras oure ffryers dwell 
Everich in his sell. 
The phane and the prophane. 
The croked and the lame, 
The mad, the wild, and tame, 
Every one by name : 
The formest of them all 
Is ther General! ; 
And the next they call 
Ther hie Provincyall, 
With Cvstos and Wardyn 
That lye next the gardeyn ; 
Then oure father Prior, 
With his Subprior 
That with the covent comes 
To gather vpp the cromes; 
Then oure frver Douche 
Goeth by a crouche, 

^^^r I9A 1>nKM'4 ATTltlUOTI 

tD TO BKEtT©»'^^H 

^^1 And ran>!e 1^ ""J *"'"' 

^nrlBMi""""' ^1 

Some be Fa"!'""' ^" 

^H Wim priors of UttB plii^^' 

Soma bo Aiitonyo»»> 

^H Same lili^^l^e »»^ <»"^ 


^H . L» 


S„me be Flamyna. r\ 

^H A, ch;.mio.iB bB »ad mocU«. 

^^H^ Gre»l lobye* «ucl, 

Some bo t~ulig>a«^<^^H 

^^V Willi Bunhmnas «id biclUew, 

^^^1 Fnlhere and rootben. 

Snnia be GilMr^M^^^H 

^^^H Syiters «nd noiioas. 

Some be DiMslpli"**^^! 

^^H And IttWil P'Oly bono"- 

Same be ClBnn*>>^^H 
And many Anf!"''^^^! 

^^^H Willi VioUiM ud leoton, 

^^^H Mvii-tenHiid rectors. 

Souie Clari>«it«j^^M 

^^1 Cu^lw and oorreuton.. 

^^H Witli pap«ll collBCtors, 

sZ'e b>: SkUvre^^^l 

be MywUt^^H 

^H M«kmgemy.taEOB-», 

^^H WItbm tlier [magage^ ; 

Sjmc be Kioi»l"^^H 

^^H Wilb eecles iii>">y ">*>> 

Some l.e Jnlui'-nfl^M 

^^H All bundreth in a tUroo 

Some be Jo^l'^^^H 

^^H 1 to name bfaUB 

k B...B« W Jeaoj-l^^M 

^^H As they come to i^^H 


^^^1 AMiom, tlMugba Ita^^^H 

■Ai.d ^"'"''^ ^"f^H 

^^H ^^^M 

■tuen be tber >^^H 

^^H Uy mens l^j^^^l 


^^H «>iae be Dei^^^H 

^Lgd»l yr>il°V^^H 

^^H manf mal^^^H 

^^M bfl Cluny. ^^H 

^^H A a.l snn.e be Pli^^H 

^^M WKU C^''.!,c.h:^^H 

^^H i;,v<w&j>vr|(otcM,^^H 



sTlt*^ *• rf the B»l,_ 


Phaos «nd t] 



^^^^H Anil ilnuilirull (Tryer Sluuctio 

Ptirderer ^^| 

^^^H That btn\h Judu pouohe; 

And ffrier Mnrdsm^^H 

Flier Toitlfoee 4^^H 

^^^1 And ffryor DemoDrke, 

And fTriec SotCifaoif^^H 

^^^1 FrjerCordller 

Frier FottifacB ^^^1 

^^^H And fTrver Bordiler, 

And (Her PocltTba^^H 

^^^H Frver 

Frier TroKapHca ^^^^ 

^^^^^1 PrTBr AngasIjiiB, 

And ffner Topiaoei, ^^^| 

^^^^^1 And ffryer Incubyne 

Frier Kuttoa ^^^H 

^^^H And Syer Sncculntie, 

And flWor Glotton, I 

^^^H Frj'cr Ciinnelyte 

Flier Suliard 

^^^H And (Tryci HcnniUle, 

And ffrier Pnliard, 

^^^H Fryer UynniltB 

Frier Coliard , 

^^^H And llryer Ipocrite, 

And ITrier Foliud, ^^M 

^^^H Frier tTranclBcane 

Frier Gnddsid ^^H 

^^^H And ffrier DamiaQe, 

And Srier Fodd(ud,.?^^H 

^^^H Precher 

Frier Bnllard ^^H 

^^^^H And OVigr Ledher, 

And ffrier Skftllud,!^^! 

^^H Frier Crueifbr 

Frier Crowiy ^^^1 

^^^H And tTrior Lusifer, 

And SHer Lowty. ^^H 

^^H Purcifer 

Frier glolxril ^^H 

^^^^H And Brier Fvrtiftr, 

And ffrier Bloholl, 

^^H Kricr Perdifer 

Frier ToddypoU 

^^H And IfVior Mirdifer, 

And ffrier NoddypOll, 

^^H Fryer Snoheler 

Frier Hlaphole • 

^^^H And Biysr Dnclieler, 

And mw Clapbol^^^M 

^^^^H Fryer ClojitBTBr 

Frier KispaK ^^^M 

^^^H And ffrier FloyXerer, 

And SHer Fitpott, ^^H 

^^H FHer PaBra 

Frier Cbipehop ^^H 

^^M And ffrier /-nSax, 

And ffriw UbptttI, ^^H 

^^H Ftis'O! 

Frier ClBtterer ^^^| 

^^^H And ITrier JVufoo, 

And ffrier fflnttercdV^^H 

^^^H Frier Ai/xu: 

Frier Bib, (Trier Bs^^^H 

^^^H And l^er ChpoiE, 

Frier Lib, (Trier UI^^^H 

^^H Frier Lendax 

Frier Fear, flHer ?«^^H 

^^H Aitd tn-ier Mniliz, 

Frier Beare, ffiier B^^H 

^^H Filer Vorax 

Frier Rookt, firier^^H 

^^^^K And ffrior Xycticorax, 

Frier Flooke. (Merl^^H 

^^B F.7nJv<-, 

Frier Spict, ffrier S|^^^| 


Jk, ffrier Ly, 
Frier We-he 
by the Trinytye, 
'ier Faiidigo, 
ID Mundred mo 
I in«me by ro, 
re for losse of tyme, 
ke to loDge a ryme: 
•Ufli laudatif 








ii laitdaUf 
i profugi, 

! drune bees, 
ody fleshcflees, 
tefull spittle spyes, 

And jj^roande of herisees, 

That dayly without sweat 

Do but drlnke and eate. 

And murther meat and meat, 

mjures ei latrone* I 

Ye be incubiones^^ 

But no ^fadone$^ 

Ye haue your cuUonei ; 

Ye be kiUrione*^ 

Beastely balatronet, 

Grandes thratonet^ 

Magtu nebukmUy 

And cacodasmones, 

That [eat] vs fleshe and 

With teeth more harde then 

Youe make hevy mones. 
As it were for the nones, 
With great and grevous 

By sightes and by sobbes 
To blinde vs with bobbes ; 
Oh ye false faytours, 
Youe theves be and tratours. 
The devils dayly wayters I 
Oh mesell Meiidicantes, 
And mangy Obseruauntes, 
Ye be vagararUes I 
As persers penitrantes, 
Of mischef nUnistrante$j 
In pilWnge poghUantes, 
In preachinge j9«^ti^aiitea, 
Of many sycophanieSf 
That gather, as do astes, 

1 caihaphi] Qy. " cataphagi " (voraces)? 
* incubiones\ Properly " incubones." 


With wnrdea trneuidi^Vi^ 

^^^1 In lodgings prmtibHlai, 


^^^1 Id bBdJliige promluuaiu, 

With Uier nody p(rtl. 

^^^1 LiconncdlimyMbeTOiu, 

With rownynga and rolllnp, 

With liUinge and ]olllns^ 

With knyllinga and kuoUinp, 

^^^^H In eicsue oulraj^ous. 

With tilliDfce and tallmge, 

With .bavinge at>d poHinpi, 

^^^1 The w>in-l kind of eHien, 

With snvppinge and wa.!^ 

^^^^^M And BtiaagB BCordj beggen: 


^^^H WbsT one etujide and Leaubsa, 

^^^H An otlmr praU and prechea, 

Witb kapinge and kBtcluii|c, 


^^H So tills nuty rable 

With takinge and oalehinp, 

^^^H Ac Unird and at Uble 

With peltixga ajid jMcIMp, 

^^H Sludt fume and (klile, 

With andinga and latohlnjl, 

^^H With bible uid with btible, 

^^H To mnke nil tliinge tUbla, 


^^H by luwribgs and b? lokin;^ 

^^H riy pn»r3-»ge wid by polliige, 

That DO miui can mitDhl 

^^H By slRndinge und hy stop- 



Till the dsTtll fklehe UiM, 

^^^H By Imndlnge and by ffolinse, 


^^^H By vony uid by crokiage, 


^^^H Wit)] their DWiie pelf promo- 

Wher hens ns Ihey new 


Hereafter ihaU dine™, 

But dy Btamnlly, 


That Iwe «o camslfyi 

^^^H U'hoi ihey may hnae alio- 

For that wilbatheroiid^ 


Bntvf God them Had! 

^^^H riieran*! herengaynei 

Hii gnce here to vimii 

^^^H rbu^ llie people teyne. 


^^^H I'liui. eridatb the ffonithe an 

d iBBle parte of tliii WrfK 

^^H c^tfld the Im 



frudgt ofypocrites conceyved ageynst (he auctor qfthii 


be as knappishe 
* mail made, 
ells and for iackes, 
am for a iade. 

ere we, yf we wist 
wight he were 

That starred vpp this myst, 
To do vs all this dere: 

Oh, yf we could attayne hym, 
He mighte be fast and sure 
We should not spare to payne 

W^le we mighte indurel 

The axotuwer of the auctor. 

n qw sum, 

ne may not be told; 
ere ye go or come, 
r not be to bold: 

ni, is, and was, 
er truste to be, 
r more nor las 
sketh charite. 

ngo tale to tell 
made me almost 

I trowe and knowe right well 
That God is full of force, 

And able make the dome 
And defe men heare and 

And stronge men overcome 
By feble men and weke: 

So thus I say my name is ; 
Ye geit no more of me. 
Because I wilbe blameles, 
And live in charite. 

se endith this boke called the Image of Ypocresys* 



So many poynted caps 
Lased with double flaps, 
And so gay felted hats, 

Sawe I never: 
So many good lessons, 
So many good sermons, 
And 80 few devocions, 

Sawe I never. 

So many gardes wome, 
Jagged and al to-tome. 
And so man}' falsely forswome, 

Sawe I never: 
So few good polycies 
In townes and cytyes 
For kepinge of blinde liostryes 

Sawe I never. 

So many good warkes, 
So few wel lemed darken, 
And so few that goodnes markcs, 
Siiwe I never: 

* Was Imprinted at London in Flete Strete at the mgneqfi}^ 
Hose Garland by W. Copland^n.d, This piece (of the oripnnl 
impression of which I have not been able to procure ft si?^^) 
is now given from Old Ballads, 1840, edited by J. P. Collieri 
Esq., for the Percy Society. 


Such pranked cotes and sieves, 
So few yonge men that proves, 
And such enorea«e of theves, 
Sawe I never. 

So many ^rded hose, 

Such comede shoes, 

And so many envious foes, 

Sawe I never: 
So many questes sj'tte 

With men of smale wit, so 

And so many falsely quitte, 

Sawe I never. 

So many gay swordes, 
So many altered wordes, 
And so few covered hordes, 

Snwe I never: 
So many empti purses, 
So few good horses, 
And so many curses, 

Sawe I never. «> 

Such hosters and hraggers. 
So newe fashyoned daggers, 
And so many beggers, 

Sawe I never: 
So many propra knyves. 
So well apparrelled wyves 
And so yll of theyr lyves. 

Saw I never. 

So many cockolde makers, 

So many crakers, s^ 

And 80 many peace breakers. 

Saw I never: 
So much vayue clothing 
With cultjmg and jagging. 
And so much braggiuge, 

Saw I never. 


So many newes and knacker. 
So many naughty packes. 
And so many that mony lacker. 

Saw I never: 
So many maidens with child 
And wylfully begylde. 
And so many places ontilde, 

Sawe I never. 

So many women blamed 
And rightnonsly defaimed. 
And so lytle ashamed, 

Sawe I never: 
Widowes so soue wed 
After their hnshandes be deade, 
Having such hast to bed, 

Sawe I never. 

So much strivinge 

For goodes and for wivinge. 

And so lytle thryvynge, 

Sawe I never: 
So many capacities. 
Offices and plunilite*. 
And cliaun^ng of dignities, 

Sawe 1 never. 

So many lawes to use 
The truth to refuse, 
Suche falshead to excuse, 

Sawe I never: 
Executers havinge the ware, 
Taking so littel care 
Howe the soule doth fare, 

Sawe I never. 

Ainon<re them that are riche 
No frendshyp is to kepe tuche, 
A'.ul *iu h fa\-Te glosing speche 
bawe 1 never: 


So many pom 
In every bordonrd. 
And 30 tmoll soccaure, 

And to tkaiit of mans;, 

Shk I never : 
Sn mnny boiTf era, 
So many fletcben, 
And so few good inibsn, 

Saw 1 never. 

So many pinkers, 
So many thinkers. 
And iomnny^oi! >te drinken. 

So many wrongo?, 

So few mery sanges, 
And 50 ninny yll tonjfBS, 


So many fleyiig tales, 

Pickers of purses and mnle«, * 

And so many sales, 

Saw 1 never: 
So much preacliinge, 
Speaking fayre and teachiuflr* 
Aiid so ill belevinge. 

Saw I never. 

So much wrath and eury, 
Covetous and glottouy, 
And so litld charitio, 

Sawe I never: ^ 

So msuiy carders, 
Hevelers and dicers, 
Aud so niHuy yl ticers, 

Sawe I never. 

So many lollers. 

So few true tollers, 

So many baudes aud pollein, 

Sawe I never: 
Such treacher}'. 

Simony and usury, ** 

Poverty and lechery, 

Saw I never. 

So many avayles, 

So many geales, 

And so manv fals bavlies.i 

Sawe I never: 
By fals and subtyll wayes 
All England decayes, 
For more envy and lyers * 

Sawe 1 never. ^ 

lbaylits\ Qy. "baylesV" 
2/^tr<J Qy. "lyesy 


So new facioned jackes 

With brode flappes in the neckes, 

And 80 gay new partlettes, 

Sawe I never: 
So many slutteshe cookes, 
So new facioned tucking hookes, 
And so few bien of bookes, 

Saw I never. ^^«< 

Sometime we song of myrth and play, * ^ 

But now our joy is gone away, iw 

For so many fal in decay 

Sawe I never: 
Whither is the welth of England gon ? 
The spiritual saith they have none, 
And so many wrongfully undone 

Saw I never. 

It is great pitie that every day 

So many brybors go by the way. 

And so many extorcioners in eche cuntrey 

Sawe I never. uo 

To th^. Lord, I make my mone, 
For thou maist heaipe us everichone : 
Alas, the people is so wo begone, 

Worse was it never ! 


Were convenient. 

But it may not be; 

We have exiled veritie. 

God is neither dead nor sicke; 

He may amend al yet, 191 

And trowe ye so in dede. 

As ye beleve ye shal have mede. 

After better I hope ever, 

For worse was it never. 

Finis.* J. S. 

> [The above poem] may, after all, be Skelton's; but, at 

VOL. II. 28 


laj rate, it l> onty « ri/octiMflfs c/ th« thllawt 

fcniid iD Jf A £tHM, 717. ful. iS, uid Ttuy "~ " 

■ So ptopr* cdppea 
So IjUe hHltea 
And to ttlae hartn 

In cytees Bad townes 

And » man J HJlen of bromji 

SqcIm planted «hDe> 

So nuu>; rjvea ilieites 
So well Kppitnld chyrcbM 

So giMj tappea 
And ao Awe IbhiBS 

? knT^US and lorte 
I fen coTciBl buJw 

So mkn J djppan of gi 


So many wyde pu[r]oe8 
And so fewe gode hones 
And 8o many curses 

Say y never. 

Suche bosters and braggers 

And suche newe facyshyont daggers 

And so many cnrsers 

Say I never. 

So many propere knyffes 
So well apparelld wyfes 
And so evyll of there lyfes 
Say I never. 

The stretes so swepynge 
With wemen clothynge 
And so moche swerynge 
Say I never 

Suche blendynge of legges 
In townes and hegges 
And so many plegges 

Say I never. 

Of wymen kynde 
Lased be hynde 
So lyke the fende 

Say I never. 

So many spyes 

So many lyes 

And so many thevys 

Say I never. 

So many wronges 
So few mery songges 
And so many ivel tonges 
Say I neuer* 


So moche trechery 
Symony and vsery 
Poverte and lechory 

Say I never. 

So fewe sayles 
So lytle avayles 
And so man} jayles 

Sawe y never. 

So many esterlynges 
Lombardes and flem3mges 
To bere awey our wynyngm 
Sawe I never. 

Be there sotyll weys 
Al Englande decays 
For suche false Januayes 
Sawe I neuer. 

Amonge the ryche 
Where frenship ys to seche 
But so fayre glosynge speche 
Sawe I never. 

So many poore 
Comyuge to the dore 
And so litle soconr 

Sawe I never. 

So prowde and say [gay ?] 
So joly in aray 
And so litle money 

Sawe I never. 

So many sellers 
So fewe byers 

And so many marchaunt taylofs 
Sawe I never. 


Executores havynge mony and ware 
Than havynge so litle care 
Howe the pore sowie shall fare 
Sawe I never. 

So many lawers Yse 
The truthe to refuse 
And sucbe falsehed excuse 
Sawe I never. 

Whan a man ys dede 
His wifife so shortely wed 
And havynge suche hast to bed 
Sawe I neuer. 

So many maydeus blamed 
Wrongefiiliy not defamed 
And beyenge so lytle ashamyd 
Sawe I never. 

Relygiouse in cloystere closyd 
And prestes and large ^ losed 
Beyenge so evyll disposyd 
Sawe I never. 

God saue our sovereygne lord the kynge 
And alle his royal sprynge 
For so noble a prince reyny[n]ge 
Sawe I never." 

1 and large] Qy. *' at large ? " but it is by no means certain 
hat ^ large ** is the reading of the MS. 


* J Ttl™ 010 501 tH5 





1415) 723-9201 

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