Skip to main content

Full text of "Political history of Chicago (covering the period from 1837 to 1887) Local politics from the city's birth; Chicago's mayors, aldermen and other officials; county and federal officers; the fire and police departments; the Haymarket horror; miscellaneous"

See other formats


...,,..:.;,,, 






:: S ' S -v ;:' ' ' 






THE UNIVERSITY 




THE 

POLITICAL HISTORY 
OF CHICAGO. 



BY M. L. AHERN. 



First Edition. 



(COVERING THE PERIOD FROM 1837 TO 1887.) 



LOCAL POLITICS, FROM THE CITY'S BIRTH; CHICAGO'S MAYORS, ALDER- 
MEN AND OTHER OFFICIALS; COUNTY AND FEDERAL OFFICERS; 
THE FIRE AND POLICE DEPARTMENTS; THE HAY- 
MARKET HORROR; MISCELLANEOUS. 



CHICAGO : 

DONOHTJE & HENNEBERRY, PRINTERS AND BINDERS. 

1886. 






COPYRIGHT. 

1886. 
BY MICHAEL LOFTUS AHERN. 



ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. 



CONTENTS. 



PAGE. 

The Peoples' Party 33 

A Memorable Event 38 

The New Election Law 41 

The Roll of Honor 47 

A Lively Fall Campaign 69 

The Socialistic Party 82 

CHICAGO'S MAYORS. 

William B. Ogden 87 

Buckner S. Morris 88 

Benjamin W. Raymond 89 

Alexander Lloyd 89 

Francis C. Sherman 90 

Augustus Garrett 90 

John C. Chapin 91 

James Curtiss 91 

James H. Woodworth 91 

Walter S. Gurnee 91 

Charles M. Gray 92 

Isaac L. Milliken 92 

Levi D. Boone 92 

Thomas Dyer 93 

John Wentworth 93 

John C. Haines 93 

Julian Rumsey 94 

John B. Rice 94 

Roswell B. Mason 94 

Joseph Medill 95 

Lester L. Bond 96 

Harvey D. Colvin 98 

Monroe Heath 99 

Carter H. Harrison 99 

5 



6 CONTEXTS. 

CHICAGO'S COUNCILS. 

Chicago's Councils 102 

Arthur Dixon 118 

William P. Whelan 119 

James T. Appleton t 119 

George Mueller 120 

Charles W. Drew 120 

David H. Gile 120 

Oscar D. Wetherell 120 

Thomas C. Clarke 121 

Henry F. Sheridan 121 

Charles Hillock 122 

Charles F. L. Doerner 122 

Edward F. Cullerton 122 

Joseph M. Webber 123 

James H. Hildreth 124 

Redmond F. Sheridan 124 

Lawrence A. Yore 125 

William F. Mahoney 125 

J. R. Wheeler 126 

Stephen P. Revere 126 

Henry M. Deal 127 

Samuel Simons 127 

Samuel Kerr 127 

Walter S. Hull 127 

J. L. Campbell 128 

John W. Lyke 128 

James A. Landon 129 

Frank Schack 129 

D. W. Ryan 129 

William Eisfeldt 129 

Joseph H. Ernst 130 

Henry Severin 130 

John H. Colvin 130 

John A. Linn 131 

Thomas J. Carney 131 

Jacob Tiedeman 132 

William R. Manierre 132 

CITY OFFICIALS. 

T. T. Gurney 133 

DeWitt C. Cregier 133 



CONTENTS. 7 

William M. Devine 134 

Hempstead Washburne 135 

Francis A. Hoffman, Jr 136 

William J. Onahan 136 

C. Hermuu Plautz 137 

Charles Gastfield. . . 137 

Alexander Kirkland 137 

William Edgar 138 

D. O Wilkie 139 

John Agnew 139 

Oscar C. DeWolf 140 

Brock L. McVickar 140 

Herman Lieb 141 

John W. Lyons 142 

E. E. Gilbert 143 

John Comiskey 145 

Charles E. Felton 146 

John McCarthy 147 

John M. Brown 148 

George A. Meech 149 

George Kersten 149 

Justice White 150 

Orlin P. Ingersoll 150 

Daniel Scully 150 

Peter Foote 151 

Charles Arnd 152 

David J. Lyon 152 

John K. Prindiville 154 

C. W. Woodman 154 

John C. Barker 155 

Hardin B. Brayton 155 

D. Harry Hammer 156 

Louis Kistler 157 

W. H. Gleason 158 

S. B. Chase 158 

Frank Drake 159 

John A. Bell 160 

Denis J. Swenie 161 

William Mushain 162 

John Redell 162 

John H. Green. . .163 



8 CONTEXTS. 

Frederick J. Gabriel 168 

Joseph C. Pazen 164 

Edward W Murphy. 164 

M. W. Conway 165 

John Campion 166 

Leo Meyers 167 

Richard Fitzgerald 167 

Peter Schnur 168 

Charles S. Petrie 168 

Maurice W. Shay 169 

Joel A. Kinney 170 

Frederick N. Shippy 170 

John P. Barrett 171 

David M. Hyland 172 

John Fitzpatrick 172 

William Carroll ... 173 

Frank J. Lewis 173 

James P. Crowley 173 

Jacob F. Mehren '. 173 

Frederick W. Gund 174 

Organization of the Fire Department 174 

The Pompier Corps 186 

Fire Alarm Service 188 

Volunteer Service 188 

Paid Fire Department 190 

Benner's Fire Escape 193 

THE POLICE DEPARTMENT. 

The Police Department 194 

Frederick Ebersold 194 

John Bonfield 195 

William Buckley 195 

Simon O'Donnell 196 

William Ward 197 

A. W. Hathaway 197 

Michael Shaack 198 

John D. Shea 199 

Joseph Kipley 199 

George W. Hubbard 200 

Edward Laughlin 201 

Madison Beadell. . , .201 



CONTENTS. 9 

John Rehm 202 

Edward J. Steele 202 

James P. Stanton 203 

John Byrne 203 

Richard A. Shephard 204 

John Croak , 205 

Victor Schumacher 205 

Wheeler Bartram 206 

John E. Fitzpatrick 206 

Elisha E. Lloyd 207 

Michael Bischoff 207 

John Baus 207 

August Blettner 208 

Francis Penzen. 208 

Anson Backus 208 

Daniel Hogan 208 

George Sanford 209 

Frank G. Beaubien 209 

Sylvester Kennedy 210 

Anthon Odin Oyen 210 

Charles M. Day 212 

Alexis C. Burdick 212 

John E. Mahoney 213 

Dexter Codman 213 

Michael Brennan 214 

Joseph B. Shepard 214 

R. H. Figg 214 

Samuel A. Ellis 215 

Michael J. Granger 215 

John Egan 216 

John Reed 216 

Edward Cosgrove 217 

John Stift 217 

Michael Gallagher 218 

William H. Carman 218 

Dennis Simmons 218 

W. S. Halloran 219 

Dennis Kay 219 

Reinhold Meyer 219 

John O'Donnell 220- 

Francis O'Neill. . . 220* 



10 CONTENTS. 

JohnJ.KeUy 221 

Tierney and Thorpe 221 

Roster of the Police Department 222 

Police Telephone and Signal System 233 

The Haymarket Horror The Official Report 239 

THL COUNTY BOARD. 

George C. Klehm 255 

John E. Van Pelt 256 

James J. McCarthy 257 

Daniel J. Wren 257 

Peter Fortune 258 

Henry Hemmelgarn 258 

Frank Niesen 259 

R. 8. McClaughrey 260 

M. R. Leyden 260 

John Hannigan 261 

Thomas F. Bailey 262 

David McCarthy 262 

James C. Strain 262 

William J. McGarigle 263 

The County Hospital 264 

.John F. Doherty 267 

Edward McDonald 267 

Harry A. Varnell 269 

James O'Brien 269 

Nicholas Eckhardt 270 

Conrad Folz 270 

T. J. Bluthardt 271 

FEDERAL OFFICERS. 

Federal Officers 273 

Ransom W. Dunham 273 

Frank Lawler 273 

James H. Ward 274 

George E. Adams 275 

Lambert Tree 275 

James T. Healy 276 

F. II. Marsh 277 

Reusselaer Stone 278 

A. F. Seeberger 278 

Philip A. Hoyne 279 



CONTENTS. 11 

E. B. Sherman 279 

Marian A. Mulligan 280 

J. J. Crowley 281 

S. Corning Judd 282 

C. S. Squiers 282 

Henry F. Donovan 283 

POSTOFFICE. 

Clerks in the Postofflce 284 

J. Howard Jones 290 

P. R. Forrest 291 

TheodoreF Swain 291 

Patrick M. dowry 292 

Michael W. Ryan 298 

William Kirby. 293 

Emil Hoechster 294 

P. C. T. Breen 294 

COUNTY OFFICIALS. 

William C. Seipp 296 

Thomas Brenan 297 

Seth F. Hanchett 297 

Canute R. Matson 298 

W. K. McAllister 290 

John J. Rogers 299 

Lorin C. Collins 300 

Richard Prendergast 300 

Joshua C. Knickerbocker 300 

RollinS. Williamson 301 

Elliott Anthony 301 

Joseph E. Gary 301 

M. F. Tuley 302 

Julius Grinnell 302 

John J. Healey , 303 

Patrick McGrath 304 

Thomas W. Sennott 304 

Henry Best 305 

John Stephens 305 

Christopher Mamer 306 

M. L. Coffeen 307 

Henry C. Stewart 307 

James J. Healey 307 

Wiley S. Scribner 308 



12 CONTENTS. 

James Stroud 310 

FredC. Kile 311 

Frank B. Lane 311 

Charles Bradley 311 

Daniel D. Healey 312 

Delos E. Hall 312 

James H. Burke 313 

John Brennan 313 

Theodore E. Stacy 314 

Henry L. Hertz 315 

George Rockafeller 315 

Neil Graves 316 

Jethro M. Getman 317 

Henry F. Stephens 317 

SCHOOLS. 

George Rowland 319 

Shepherd Johnson 319 

James Doolittle, Jr 319 

School Teachers 349 

Albert G. Lane 354 

County School Teachers 854 

MISCELLANEOUS. 

Charles B. Farwell 370 

Frederick S. Winston 370 

Joseph Stockton 372 

Michael Ryan 372 

Michael Mclnurney 373 

Austin J. Doyle 374 

Thomas A. Cantwell 374 

M. C. McDonald 875 

Luther Laflin Mills 376 

Julius Jonas 377 

Henry T. Jones 377 

P. J. Sexton 378 

Charles Kern 879 

John J. Curran 379 

JohnM. Smyth 880 

P. McCarthy 881 

Timothy Ryan 881 

John G. Neumeister. . , 381 



CONTENTS. 13 

William Best 382 

Joseph Sokup 282 

Henry Huesman 883 

P. B. O'Hare 884 

Joseph Dixon 884 

George Miller 385 

Henry Schroeder 386 

Samuel Stritch 887 

James E. Stewart 887 

Michael Wasserman 388 

James McHale 388 

E. A. Filkins ... 389 

Anton Imhof 889 

John Riordan 889 

8. D. Foss 390 

Edward P. Barrett 390 

Gen. James Shields 391 

To 397 inclusive. 



PEEFACE. 



In the preparation of the recollections contained in this 
book, the compiler acknowledges the services of several 
Chicago journalists, most especially those of Harry Jones, 
of the Chicago Tribune. 

MICHAEL LOFTUS AHERN. 
CHICAGO, 1886. 




SHERMAN HOUSE. 



16 



INTRODUCTORY. 



In the memorable fall of 1884, when the two great polit- 
ical parties of the United States nominated their stand- 
ard bearers, Chicago was declared a political center. The 
scenes witnessed in the Exposition Building where the 
brain and wealth, representing sixty millions of people 
commingled, constitute the brightest page in the history 
of modern politics. Within the radius of a mile the dele- 
gates were domiciled. The bulk of the Democratic forces 
were registered at the Palmer House ; a great majority of 
the Republicans held forth at the Grand Pacific. The 
Tremont House, the Sherman, the Briggs and McCoy's 
Hotel were patronized as well. 

In view of the foregoing, as well as from other consid- 
erations, the writer deemed it quite appropriate to place 
on record the " Political History of Chicago." Nobody 
should suppose that because the fire and police depart- 
ments are spoken of in this book that they are politi- 
cal institutions. The writer, admiring both depart- 
ments, simply took his opportunity, and endeavored to 
commemorate their value in public estimation. 



17 




TREMONT HOUSE. 



19 



THE FALL ELECTION OF 1886. 



The election in the fall of 1886 was a surprise to many 
people, by reason of the vote polled by the United Labor 
ticket, which broke loose entirely from the two great par- 
ties. Mr. Stauber, the candidate for County Treasurer on 
that ticket, polled over 25,000 votes. The organization, 
encouraged beyond measure, established campaign head- 
quarters at once for the spring campaign, determined to 
place a ticket in the field for mayor and other city officers. 
The returns from the fall election, they claim, insured the 
election of at least seven aldermen, In the second con- 
gressional district their candidate, Capt. Gleason, made it 
decidedly warm for Congressmen Lawler, on the Democratic 
ticket. They gained materially in the Senate and House. 
The Republican candidate for Treasurer, George R. Davis, 
was elected over Michael Schweisthal, Democrat, and 
Frank Stauber, United Labor candidate. Canute R. Mat- 
son, the Republican candidate for Sheriff, was elected over 
Mattocks, Democrat, Butler, United Labor, Dunphy, In- 
dependent, and Loomis, Prohibition. Wulff, Republican 
candidate for County Clerk, was elected over Mclnerney, 
Democrat, Rastell, United Labor, and Haggard, Prohibi- 
tion. Gilbert, Republican candidate for Clerk of the 
Criminal Court, was elected over James Doyle, Democrat, 
Tompkins, Prohibition, Dvorah, United Labor, and White, 
Labor League. Thomas Sennott, Republican candidate 
for Probate Clerk, was elected over Kleckner, Democrat, 
Worrel, Prohibition, and Ehmau, United Labor. Lane, 
Republican candidate for Superintendent of Schools, was 

21 



22 THE FALL ELECTION OF 1886. 

elected over Parker, Democrat, Wilkie, Prohibition, and 
Bevans, United Labor. Anthony, Hawes, Altgeld and 
Jamieson were elected Superior Court Judges. The two 
former were Eepublicans and the two latter Democrats. 
Judge Knickerbocker, Kepublican, who was placed on all 
the tickets, was elected Judge of the Probate Court. 
Judge Prendergast, Democrat, was elected Judge of the 
County Court. 

Sketches of the candidates in the field are found else- 
.where . 

The towns of Hyde Park, Lake View, Jefferson and 
)icero adopted the new election law. 



CHICAGO'S FIEST ORGANIZATION. 



On August 10, 1833, Chicago was made a town. On 
January 23, 1837, in the Saloon Building Hall, on the 
southeast corner of Lake and Clark streets, was held the 
first meeting to secure a city charter. In this building 
Stephen A. Douglas made his first speech. On March 4, 
1837, the Act incorporating the city was passed. The 
part taken in the premises by Gen. Shields justifies the 
sketch of that man published at the end of this book. The 
first city officers were elected on the first Tuesday in May 
following, the total vote cast being 709. In May, 1837, 
the city council leased rooms in the Saloon Building Hall, 
but after five years removed to Mrs. Nancy Chapman's 
building, near the jail at the corner of LaSalle and 
Randolph streets. J. Y. Scammon and others improved 
the square surrounding it. In January, 1848, the city 
erected the market building on State street. This was the 
first municipal structure. It was afterward known as 
South Market Hall. It was two stories in height. On 
November 13, 1848, it was for the first time occupied. 
In 1851 the county and city laid the corner stone, and in 
1853 completed the edifice at a cost of $111,000, which 
stood up to the fire of 1871. It was three stories high and 
had three domes and a cupola. The Court of Common 
Pleas first occupied the building. After the great fire the 
municipal authorities occupied for some years a two-story 
brick building on the southeast corner of LaSalle and 
Adams streets, known far and near as the Rookery. When 
the structure was torn down one of the most magnificent 



24 CHICAGO'S FIRST ORGANIZATION. 

buildings in the United States was reared on the spot and 
christened the Rookery Building. The present quarters 
of the city and county government are in the area, bounded 
by LaSalle and Clark streets, and Washington and 
Randolph streets. 

The politics of Chicago, from its birth in 1837 up to 
1853, were quite common-place. 




BRIGGS HOUSE. 



WHEN DOUGLAS WAS MOBBED. 



On January 30, 1854, Douglas delivered his great speech 
in the United States Senate in favor of the Kansas- 
Nebraska bill, repudiating past compromises, and showing 
the compromises of 1850, including the detested fugitive- 
slave law, to have been a subterfuge of the slave power to 
gain a better hold. When he came to Chicago to explain 
his position he found that the anti-slavery sentiment could 
not be checked. On the Know-Nothing question Douglas 
maintained a magnificent position. He it was who op- 
posed proscription by the native party, and threw the 
Democratic hosts against it. Before such a question arose 
Chicago was a Democratic stronghold, as between Whigs 
and Democrats, at least. " If the town-pump had been 
nominated for Mayor in those days on the Democratic 
ticket it would have been elected/' aptly remarks an old 
settler; "a Democratic nomination, in fact, was an elec- 
tion." In 1854 the Whigs went down, to be succeeded by 
Fusionists, who melted into the Republican party. 
Douglas, of all the Democrats, had the courage to tackle 
Know-Nothingism . What he had said about the Nebraska 
question made the Free-Soil element inimical to them. 
When Mr. Douglas reached Chicago from Washington on 
August 25 he found himself branded as a public enemy by 
the Know-Nothing and Free-Soil combination, and de- 
nounced from Protestant pulpits as an anti-Christ. 

On the evening of September 1, 1854, Douglas spoke at 
North Market hall, the site of the present Criminal Court 
building. The excitement was intense; the fame of the 

27 



28 WHEN DOUGLAS WAS MOBBED. 

" Little Giant," and the report that 500 armed Irishmen 
would be present to silence the Know-Nothing element 
attracting an immense assemblage. During the afternoon 
of that day the flags of shipping owned by Fusionists had 
hung at half-mast, and the bells of the numerous churches 
tolled as if to predict a great calamity. Mayor Milliken 
presided. Mr. Douglas had not spoken long when he was 
hissed. When he said he was bound to be heard he was 
vilified most outrageously. Against the howling mob 
Douglas defiantly maintained his ground. James A. Shee- 
han, a biographer - of Douglas, referring to the occasion 
remarks : " The motive, the great ruling reason for refus- 
ing him the privilege of being heard was, that as he had in 
1850 carried the judgment of the people captive into an 
indorsement of the fugitive slave law, so if allowed to speak 
in 1854 he would at least rally all Democrats to his support 
by defense of the Nebraska bill. The combined fanatics 
of Chicago feared the power and effect of his argument in 
the presence and hearing of the people. They therefore 
resolved that he should not be heard." 

Having failed to make himself heard, the "Little 
Giant" retired under a shower of rotten apples. A gallant 
little body guard accompanied Mr. Douglas to his carriage ; 
among them were Daniel O'Hara, Frank C. Sherman. 
Hart L. Stewart, Tom Mackin, Dan McElroy, Elisha Tracy, 
Col. Dick Hamilton, Elihu Granger and Cornelius and 
William Price. The mob followed the little party as far as 
Clark street bridge, but when the Douglas party had 
crossed the structure, the bridge-tender, by turning the 
bridge, cut off the pursuit and the Senator reached the 
Tremont house in safety. 

About six weeks after this disgraceful event Mr Doug- 
lass accepted an invitation to a public dinner to be held 
November 9, at the Tremont. In the presence of 200 gen- 
tlemen or more, he substantially uttered that which a fan- 



WHEN DOUGLAS WAS MOBBED. 29* 

atical crowd had intercepted. It is safe to say that when 
Douglas was mobbed Chicago was the leading city in the 
West in the movement resulting in making a free state of 
Kansas. 




HOTEL. 



30 



"THE LAGER BEER RIOT." 



It was hardly a month after Mayor Boone's induction 
into office, on the Know-Nothing ticket, in 1855, that 
many saloon-keepers were arrested for selling liquor without 
a license or for violating the Sunday ordinance. It was 
agreed, by the City Attorney and the attorney for the saloons, 
to try a test case to represent the whole. On April 21 the 
case was called before Squire Henry L. Rucker, about 10 
o'clock a. m . A few moments later the Court House was 
surrounded by a great mob, which had come from the 
North Side, with fifes, drums, and howls. A riot seemed 
inevitable. Mayor Boone, however, ordered Police Captain 
Nichols to clear the streets and disperse the mob, and such 
was done without any serious results. This was in the fore- 
noon, it will be remembered. The North Side saloon men 
now proceeded in a movement to rescue men who were 
arrested for resisting the officers, and Boone swore into 
service 150 extra policemen. 

' About three o'clock p.m., the North Side mob started 
out to cross the Clark street bridge, in the direction of the 
Court House. The swinging of the bridge intercepted 
the bulk of the procession, however. At this juncture, that 
part of the procession which was left on the North Side 
became frantic and wanted to kill the bridge-tender. The 
latter said he was acting under orders from the Mayor. 
His honor finally ordered the bridge closed and the mob 
rushed across to confront a solid phalanx of policemen. 
The leaders shrieked "Pick out the stars! Shoot the 
police I" A brisk firing followed, to the great discomfiture 
of the rioters. Only one man was known to be killed, but 

31 



32 " THE LAGEB BEER RIOT." 

several mysterious funerals on the North Side occurred 
about that time. The law, as to burial permits, was not 
as it is now. A rioter blew off the left arm of Police 
Officer Hunt, who is now doing special duty in the comp- 
troller's office. He received a gift of $3,000 from the 
City Council, on which he is still drawing interest. 



THE PEOPLE'S PARTY. 



The issuance of an order by Mayor Medill, who was 
elected on the fire-proof ticket after the great conflagration 
of '71, caused the political combination known as The 
People's Party, which, in the fall of 1873, swept every- 
thing before it in county and city. The enforcement of 
the Sunday liquor ordinance injured the feelings of the 
Germans especially, who had transplanted from the Father- 
land the custom of enjoying Sunday in gardens, presided 
over by Gambrinus. Agitators construed the ordinance as 
a blow at personal liberty. 

A meeting held in Thielman's Theater, on Clybourn ave- 
nue, on the evening of May 14, 1873, inaugurated the cam- 
paign. A. Hottinger opened the meeting, and denounced 
in strong language the temperance notions that flitted 
through the brain of the existing administration. The 
Germans, he said, would find relief at the polls in Novem- 
ber. Adolph Sehoeninger and Frick were elected presi- 
dent and secretary. The former said they meant to or- 
ganize, regardless of party politics, to uphold the constitu- 
tional right of the citizen. The Germans intended to show 
the Know-Nothing element that they were neither drunk- 
ards, serfs, nor fools. The assistance of the German press 
was solicited, as the German people were most interested. 
Mr. Knoblesdorf said that the Germans were acting simply 
in the defensive. He predicted that they, and other na- 
tionalities who were progressive or free in their ideas, 
would rebuke puritanical methods at the polls. Messrs. 
Knoblesdorf, Karls, Schmehl, Lengacher, and Lindon, 
3 33 



34 THE POLITICAL HISTORY OF CHICAGO. 

were appointed a committee on resolutions. A. C. Hes- 
ing, of the Staats Zeitung, responding to uproarious calls, 
advocated a movement by Republicans and Democrats 
which would preserve the constitutional liberties of the 
people. The Germans were proud of their record. They 
were not drunkards because they loved convivial beer. 
Their patriotism and love of American institutions had 
been demonstrated on many a battle field. Know-Nothing- 
ism would be put down now as it had been before. The 
cases of Coif ax, Brooks, and Ames were cited to show that 
native Americans furnished more rascals than did foreign- 
ers. Mr. Hesing said he would vote for any man, Repub- 
lican, Liberal, or Democrat, who would exert himself to 
keep the personal rights of citizens inviolate. H. B. (Buf- 
falo) Miller renounced the Eepublican party. Resolutions 
in sympathy with the foregoing sentiments, and arranging 
a line of battle, were unanimously adopted. A great Ger- 
man mass meeting followed on the evening of May 20, at 
Aurora Turner Hall, on Milwaukee avenue. Ex-Alder- 
man John Buehler, the banker, was chairman, and Mr. 
Pfurstenberg was secretary. A. C. Hesing was the first 
speaker. He said that the movement for personal liberty 
had not only spread like wild-fire throughout the city, but 
had evoked the grandest encomiums from the press of the 
United States. The German who went to church Sunday 
morning and to a lager-beer garden in the afternoon, had 
an opinion; and under the Constitution of the United 
States, that opinion must be respected. He concluded his 
remarks by suggesting that an address be issued to the 
public, expressing their views and declaring by the Al- 
mighty that they would not csase until their aims had been 
attained. Francis A. Hoffman, Jr., who is now corpora- 
tion counsel, was the next speaker. He stated that many 
nationalities settled in the United States before the Consti- 
tution was adopted French, Dutch and English among 



THE PEOPLE'S PAKTY. 35 

them. A vast immigration ensued. The Germans who 
came, to a great extent, preserved their customs. This 
was not a question of beer, it was a question of personal 
rights. Emil Dietzsch said that on this occasion Germans 
and Irish as they were, they were yet Americans. Herman 
Lieb and others also spoke in the same vein. 

On the evening of May 29, an agitation committee was 
appointed by the agents of the "New Departure" in pol- 
itics, in Bismarck Hall in the Teutonia building, as fol- 
lows : Frank Schweinfurth, William Floth, Clovis Tegt- 
meyer, C. Niehoff, Dr. Matthei, Max Eberhardt, Emil 
Muhlke, R. Thieme, F. A. Hoffman, J. Schiellinger, R. 
Michaelis, G. R. Korn, William Schwartz, B. Eisendrath, 
Carl Dahenten, Philip Stein, H. Schondlin, W. Schaffer, 
Carl Bluhm, R. Freiburg, A. C. Hesing, R. Christiensen, 
J. C. Meyer, Peter Hand, A. Erbe, L. Schwuchow, Frank 
Lengi and the editors of the various German papers. 
This committee on the morning of June 25, reported reso- 
lutions in favor of the personal liberty of the citizen, 
which were adopted unanimously, and it was agreed that 
a mass meeting should be held. 

On the e/ening of July 17, seventeen members of the 
committee of seventy met at the Builders' Exchange on 
La Salle street and declared the fight to be one, on their 
part for law and order. 

On the afternoon of August 31, the meeting was held 
in Greenebaum's Bank, at which the following were pres- 
ent: B. G. Caulfield, W. J. Onahan, A. C. Hesing, Gen- 
eral Lieb, Justice Boyden, Peter Hand, Ed. O'Neill, R. 
Kenney, J. Bonfield, J. H. McAvoy, M. Evans, John 
Corcoran, Arno Voss, Ed. Phillips, A. Schoenninger, 
Jacob Rehm, P. M. Cleary, T. Brennan and Geo. Von 
Hollen. Arno Voss was president and W. J. Onahan was 
secretary. Daniel O'Hara said he was proud he was a 
Democrat. He was in favor of law and order, but did 



36 THE POLITICAL HISTORY OF CHICAGO. 

not countenance illiberality. He did not wish to see 
saloon doors wide open, on Sunday, but it would not do to 
shut them up altogether. 

B. G. Caulfield, A. C. Hesing, Michael Keeley and 
Hermann Lieb followed. 

On the evening of September 3, the German American 
central committee met at Bismarck Hall. Mr. Schoeninger 
and Mr. Hesing stated the committee appointed in Greene- 
baum's bank building consisted of Americans, Irishmen, 
and other nationalities who desired to fraternize with the 
Germans. On the evening of September 5, A. C. Hesing 
addressed the German-American Club. On motion of Mr. 
Keeley it was arranged by the coalition to draft a platform. 
On the evening of September 26, Mr. Hesing presented 
a call to the people which was unanimously adopted. It 
invited everybody who loved freedom to come to Kingsbury 
Hall on the evening of October 4 for consultation. It 
was a great demonstration. H. B. Miller occupied the 
chair and made a spirited charge on bigotry. With the 
ballot they would defeat Know-Nothingism. The People's 
Party Pla-tform was then adopted. 

The platform set forth that the desirable object of tem- 
perance could only be accomplished by elevating the moral 
standard pf the people through enlightened education, and 
not by sumptuary or special legislation. The right of any 
one or class of individuals to prescribe how Sunday or any 
day shall be enjoyed by a free people in a free republic was 
denied; licenses should be refused to persons of bad repute; 
inspectors of beverages should be appointed; arbitrary ar- 
rests by the police should be stopped; law and order should 
be observed, but not at the expense of personal liberty. 

The nominating convention met at 205 East Randolph 
street October 24. Henry Greenebaum presided; T. M. 
Halpin was secretary. 

Mr. Greenebaum addressed the delegates. Having 



THE PEOPLE'S PARTY. 37 

referred to the fact that there was a prescriptive and intol- 
erant spirit abroad, he urged the nomination of candidates 
for their personal fitness, honesty and ability. Mr. Hesing 
offered resolutions indorsing the platform adopted at Kings- 
bury Hall October 4, and fixing but one term for City 
Treasurer and recommending S. S. Hayes as City Comp- 
troller. The resolutions were adopted. The following 
nominations were then made: For Mayor, H. D. Colvin; 
for City Treasurer, Daniel O'Hara; for City Collector, 
George Von Hollen; for City Assessor, Charles Dennehy; 
for Superior Court Judge, S. M. Moore; for County Court 
Judge, M. R. M. Wallace; for County Clerk, Hermann 
Lieb; for Clerk of the Criminal Court, Austin J. Doyle; 
for County Superintendent of Schools, George D. Plant; 
for County Commissioners, Christian Busse, John Herting, 
William P. Burdick, Thomas Lonergan and A. B. Johnson. 
Mark Sheridan named C. A. Reno as Police Commissioner 
for the West Side and he was nominated. Egbert Jamieson 
was subsequently selected for City Attorney and Martin 
Scully for Police Court Clerk. 

On Saturday, October 18, 1873, in the Grand Pacific the 
opposition put up the following ticket : For Mayor, L. L. 
Bond ; for City Treasurer, David A. Gage ; for City Col- 
lector, A. L. Morrison ; for City Assessor, W. H. P. Gray; 
for City Attorney, I. II. Stiles ; for Police Court Clerk, C. 
R. Matson ; for Judge of Superior Court, Wm. H. Porter ; 
for Judge of County Court, M. R, M. Wallace ; for Coun- 
ty Clerk, J. W. Brockway ; for Clerk of Criminal Court, 
W. K. Sullivan ; for County Treasurer, Phillip Wadsworth; 
for Superintendent of Schools, A. G. Lane ; for County 
Commissioners, S. Olin, A. J. Galloway, William M. 
Laughlin, W. B. Bateham, and S. W. Kingsley ; for Police 
Commissioner, Reuben Cleveland. 

The Peoples' Party ticket was elected by about ten thou- 
sand majority. 



A MEMORABLE EVENT. 



In the Sixth Senatorial District, of which the Eight- 
eenth Ward is a part, Henry W. Leman, republican, 
seemed to have been elected senator in 1884 over Rudolph 
Brand, democrat, by a few hundred votes, according to 
unofficial returns. The fact that the two parties were so 
close that a single vote in either the Senate or House might 
control the election of a United States Senator made both 
parties very careful. The official canvass showed that 
the tally sheets and certificate from the Second Precinct 
of the Eighteenth Ward had been altered and forged, and 
made to show a decreased vote for Leman and an increased 
vote for Brand, sufficient to elect the latter by a majority 
of about ten votes. From the sworn returns of the Uni^ 
ted States Supervisors, as well as from other collateral evi-- 
dence, it was so evident a fraud that the Federal grand 
jury at Chicago, then in session, took jurisdiction of and 
investigated the matter. Meantime the County Canvass- 
ing Board, being powerless to go behind the returns, 
abstracted the vote as it appeared and returned the same 
to the State Canvassing Board. This body heard such ev- 
idence as was available and proper, and following their 
action the Governor decided to issue the certificate of elec- 
tion to Leman, as being the actually elected senator. The 
Federal grand jury found several indictments, but after that 
body had adjourned new and important additional proofs of 
the fraud were discovered, and Joseph C. Mackin, William 
J. Gallagher, and Arthur Gleason were tried and convicted 
of conspiracy on a charge brought by information instead 

38 



A MEMORABLE EVENT. 39 

of indictment. The two former were sentenced to two 
years' imprisonment. The case was then taken by writ of 
error before Justice Harlan, of the United States Supreme 
Court, and Circuit Judge Gresham, sitting together. 

Upon disagreement between them it was certified to the 
United States Supreme Court, mainly upon the question 
of the legality of the prosecution by information. It is 
still pending, the parties being under heavy bail awaiting 
decision. The state court took up the matter and in- 
dicted Mackin and Gallagher for violation of state law. 
Mackin testified before the state grand jury, and for the 
testimony given by him he was again indicted for perjury, 
tried, convicted, and is now serving a five-year sentence. 
The Illinois legislature, which under ordinary circum- 
stances should have elected a United States Senator on 
January 20, 1885, was unable to do so for the reason that 
the House had failed to organize. When, however, it 
finally organized, the first day when it was possible to 
ballot for Senator was February 10. The House did bal- 
lot on that day, and an attempt was made in the Senate 
on February 13, but no quorum answering the two houses 
then met in joint convention. Day after day the conven- 
tion met, and ballot after ballot was taken, but the forces 
were so nearly even that if either side had an absentee the 
entire side would decline to vote. Several ballots were 
taken when the convention was nearly full, yet but one 
person voted, each side being afraid of making a quorum 
and electing the opposite candidate. The Eepublican 
caucus nominee was John A. Logan, and the Democratic 
nominee was William E. Morrison. On February 26 it 
was expected an election might occur, when just before 
convening a Republican representative, R. E. Logan, 
dropped dead in the capitol. This caused a cessation in 
the active contest until his successor was elected. On 
March 20 Senator Bridges, a Democrat, died. Further 



40 THE POLITICAL HISTORY OF CHICAGO. 

delay resulted, with occasional attempts at balloting, and 
on April 12 Representative Shaw, a Democrat, died. De- 
sultory balloting was had while awaiting the election of a 
successor, which most unexpectedly to both parties resulted 
in the election of a Republican. On May 14 the struggle 
was very exciting. After receiving for two ballots the 
united strength of his party, 101 votes, Morrison's name 
was withdrawn and Hon. Lambert Tree received most of 
his party strength, the Republicans declining to vote. 
Finally, on the 19th of May, after successors to all the de- 
ceased members had been seated, Logan was elected. 

Hon. John A. Logan was reflected May 19, 1885, for six 
years, ending March 4, 1891. Upon the final, or 118th 
ballot, the vote in joint convention was: John A. Logan, 
103; Lambert Tree, 96; John C. Black, 1; William R. Mor- 
rison, 1; John R. Hoxie, 1; John Scholfield, 1. Of these 
the Senators voted: Logan, 26; Tree, 24; Black, 1. The 
House members voted: Logan, 77; Tree, 72; Black, 1; 
Morrison, 1; Hoxie. 1; Scholfield, 1. 

Outrages on the elective franchise like that perpetrated 
in the Eighteenth Ward caused agitation which eventuated 
in the new election law. 



THE NEW ELECTION LAW. 



This measure which, so to speak, is apt to revolutionize 
local politics, is the joint product of the Union League, 
the Citizen's Association, the Iroquois and the Commercial 
Clubs. The bill was drafted by a committee consisting of 
A. M. Pence, L. S. Gregory, and Alderman Thomas C. 
Clarke. To the Citizens' Association is due, in a great 
measure, the credit of its enactment by the Thirty-fourth 
General Assembly. The Citizens' Association presented 
the petition to the County Court and effected its submis- 
sion to the suffrages of the people. Mr. Beach was coun- 
sel for the Citizens' Association and the proceedings 
before the County Court. The law was carried in the fall 
election of 1885 by the following vote: 

VOTE ON CITY ELECTION LAW. NOVEMBER 3, 1885. 

For Against 

Election Election 

WARDS. Law. Law. 

1 736 579 

II 899 663 

III 1436 284 

IV 3084 348 

V 3296 1733 

VI 1829 1003 

VII 1524 1061 

VIII 1757 1663 

IX 1062 609 

X 800 424 

XI 2555 559 

XII 3625 428 

XIII. 1493 618 

XIV 2393 1443 

XV 1996 868 

XVI 1360 658 

XVII 1094 851 

XVIII 2347 767 

Totals 31984 14557 

Proceedings in the nature of a quo warranto were at 
once instituted to test the constitutionality of the law, and 

41 



42 THE POLITICAL HISTORY OF CHICAGO. 

the Supreme Court affirmed it. A. M. Pence, W. C. 
Goudy, H. 0. McDaid, and James W. Beach represented 
the interests of the bill, and H. P. Hurd and Adolph 
Moses were the attorneys on the other side. The matter 
was thoroughly argued, it being the earnest desire of both 
parties to thoroughly test the constitutionality of the 
measure. 

The new election law revises the entire election law for 
cities which may, by vote of the people, adopt its provis- 
ions. Authorizes the County Court to appoint three com- 
missioners of elections, whose term of office shall be three 
years. Two of such commissioners shall be selected from 
the two leading political parties, one from each. Com- 
mission shall organize by electing one as chairman and 
one as secretary ; each shall file the oath of office and 
give bond of $10,000. Board shall provide all ballot- 
boxes", registry-books, poll-books, tally-sheets, blanks, and 
stationery for registry and elections, and for all incidental 
purposes. Board shall employ a chief clerk and addi- 
tional clerks, as may be necessary ; shall divide city into 
election precincts containing approximately 300 votes. 
Sixty days prior to election, board shall choose three judges 
of election for each precinct, who shall be citizens of the 
United States and household residents and voters in the 
precinct, of good repute, who can speak, read, and write 
the English language, skilled in the four fundamental 
rules of arithmetic, of good understanding and capable, 
who hold no office under the United States, the state, 
county, town, or city, and who are not candidates for 
office at the election. Also two clerks of election, possess- 
ing same qualifications as the judges, except that they 
need not be householders. Holding a position as notary 
public shall not disqualify either judges or clerks. At 
least one judge and one clerk shall be selected from each 
of the two leading political parties. Judges and clerks so 



THE NEW ELECTION LAW. 43 

chosen shall, on notice, appear for examination before the 
board, and if found qualified, unless excused for old age or 
ill health, be bound to serve for one year. After service 
for one year shall not be compelled to serve during follow- 
ing three years, and shall be exempt from jury duty during 
and for two years after expiration of term. Failure to ap- 
pear or refusal to serve render liable to fine. 

When list of judges is selected, report of same shall be 
made to County Court, asking their confirmation. The 
County Court shall fix a day for hearing objections to their 
confirmation, giving public notice thereof by publication, 
with a list of the names. On hearing, the court may con- 
firm or reject such as public interest may require. Upon 
confirmation the court shall issue a commission for each 
judge and clerk, who shall thereupon become officers of 
the court and liable for contempt for any misbehavior in 
office. They shall then appear before the board, take the 
the oath of office, and receive their commissions. The 
board shall appoint a place for registry and cause the same 
to be fitted up warm, light, and clean. No place of 
registration or polling place shall be kept where intoxicating 
liquors are sold. Lists of persons sent to the penitentiary 
shall be furnished monthly to the board by clerks of courts 
in the county, and the Governor shall annually furnish 
names of persons pardoned by him in the county. The 
proper officer of the city shall furnish, monthly, to the board 
the names and residences of all males over twenty-one 
years who have died during the month. The board shall 
keep record of, and furnish to judges of election the 
names and former 'residences of persons convicted of peni- 
tentiary offenses, and also pardons of same for guidance of 
judges. Public notice in newspapers of registration and 
elections shall be given by the board. Election day is 
made a legal holiday. One year's residence in the state, 
ninety days in the county, thirty days in the precinct, and 



44 THE POLITICAL HISTORY OF CHICAGO. 

citizenship of the United States shall qualify a person as 
voter. 

The judges of election constitute the board of registry 
for each precinct. They meet as such on Tuesday four 
weeks prior to election, and again on each of the two fol- 
lowing Tuesdays. The first two meetings for registry of 
applicants, the last for revision of lists. Meantime the 
clerks are required to canvass the precinct, and the result 
of their convass is used by the board in revising registry. 
When that is completed a public registry is hung up at 
place of registry, and the election commissioners shall 
cause copies of the same to be printed for use of voters of 
precinct, and, if deemed necessary, published in news- 
papers. Provision is made for registering persons omitted 
or rejected, on order of the election commissioners or of 
the County Court, after hearing. General registration 
shall be made prior to each Presidential election, and the 
applicant must personally appear. 

At intermediate elections the general registration is 
examined and purged of non-residents or non-voters, and 
new voters are added, on application, and the registry shall 
be revised after a new canvass by the clerks. At elections 
the polls shall be open from 6 A. M. to 4 p. M., and no 
judge or clerk shall be absent more than five minutes at a 
time till the ballots are all cast and counted. Ballot box 
to be kept constantly in public view, and no obstruction 
allowed. Voters may put their names on ballots. As a 
person's vote is cast, his name on registry shall be checked. 
If challenged, he is sworn to answer questions ; and, after 
hearing, may be allowed to vote or be rejected. If reject- 
ed, he may afterward produce and deliver his own affi- 
davit that he is a duly qualified voter, supported by affi- 
davit of a registered voter, whereupon his vote shall be 
received. The affidavits and a record of the facts shall be 



THE NEW ELECTION LAW. 45 

preserved. No person shall vote who is not registered as a 
qualified voter. 

Each political party may have a challenger at the polls; 
also at the registry. During canvass of the votes, the 
challengers and watchers of the canvass, consisting of one 
person designated in writing by each candidate, shall be 
admitted. The whole number of ballots shall first be 
counted, and any excess above the number on the poll-list 
shall be drawn out and destroyed. The different kinds of 
ballots shall be placed in separate piles, and then counted 
by tens by one judge, then handed to each of the other 
judges, who shall also count the same, when the third 
judge shall call off the names and the clerks shall tally 
each ten votes. The ballots shall, as soon as counted, be 
strung upon twine in the order read, by tens. When the 
canvass is completed, each judge in turn shall proclaim in 
a loud voice the total vote received by each candidate. 
Quadruple statements of the result shall be made, one of 
which shall be written in each of the poll-books used, and 
one each sent to the county clerk and one to the comp- 
troller of the city, after attaching one copy of each kind of 
ballot voted at the election to each return. 

The tallies shall be sent, under seal, one to the election 
commissioners and one to the city clerk. The poll-books 
which contain two of the statements or returns shall be 
placed in the ballot-box, and locked and sealed with a strip 
of paper containing the names of all the judges. One 
judge shall take the ballot-box, and another, of opposite 
politics, the key. Then the whole of the ballots, except 
those pasted to the statements, shall be destroyed, and the 
meeting of judges and clerks dissolved. Before noon next 
day, the ballot-box shall be delivered to the election com- 
missioners, who shall receipt therefor. The key shall also 
be delivered and receipted for, and the two judges not 
having the ballot-box and the two clerks shall, before noon 



46 THE POLITICAL HISTORY OF CHICAGO. 

next day, deliver the statements and tallies in their pos- 
session to the respective officer to whom addressed, and no 
judge or clerk shall receive pay until he produce the 
receipts for the returns as aforesaid. 

The canvassing board, composed of the county judge, 
city attorney and the board of election commissioners, 
shall canvass and abstract the votes within seven days after 
the election. A comprehensive list of penalties for elec- 
tion offenses is enacted. 

The salaries of election commissioners for Cook county 
are $1,500, and the chief clerk $2,000. Judges and clerks 
of election and official ticket-holders, $3 per day judges 
to receive pay for not exceeding four days, including reg- 
istration and election; clerks to receive five days' pay. 
Expenses of city election to be paid by city, but state, 
county and general elections to be paid by county. 

ELECTIONS, PRIMARY. Authorizes political parties, 
by resolution of their regular committees adopting this 
law, to conduct their primaries under its provisions ; pro- 
vides penalties for illegal voting, false returns and other 
irregularities. 

ELECTION PRECINCTS. Limits election precincts to four 
hundred and fifty votes, county boards to so arrange them 
as near as possible. 

The first election commissioners were, Frances A. Hoff- 
man, Samuel B. Raymond and Daniel Corkery. When 
Mr. Hoffman became corporation counsel of the city of 
Chicago, Chris. Casselman succeeded him, and when he 
moved out of the city Mr. Oehner was appointed to his 
place. When Mr. Raymond became a candidate for the 
county treasurership before the Republican convention, he 
was succeeded by Dr. Norman Bridge. Mr. Corkery is 
now president of the board. The first secretary was Tim- 
othy Crean, now deceased, and of grateful memory. 



THE NEW ELECTION LAW. 47 



THE EOLL OF HONOR. 

The following is a list of the judges and clerks who first 
served under the New Election Law. The first three 
names in each precinct are those of judges; the last two 
are those of clerks: 

FIRST WARD. 

First Precinct. Ph. Dieter, 12 S. Water, D.; C. F. Dabb, Commercial 
Hotel, R.; O. F. Mellura, 69 Dearborn, R.; J. T. Mullen, St. Charles Hotel, D.; 
A. M. Stout, 69 Dearborn, R, 

Second Precinct. M. J. Wentworth, Sherman House, D.; Frank Stepman, 
Briggs House, D.; J. I. Pearce, Sherman House, R.; Louis Klein, Germauia 
House, D.; J. D. Sommers, Room 5, 155 Washington, Ogden House, R. 

Third Precinct. M. W. Barker, 188 S. Clark, D.; B. M. Davenport, St. 
James Hotel, 11.; John McDonald, Otis Block, R.; G. Harmyet, 172 Washing- 
ton ; John C. Wallace, Garfleld House, R. 

Fourth Precinct. J. P. Kirrigan, Continental Hotel, D.; Wm. Phillips, 409 
State, D.; M. A. Loring, Clifton House, R.: E. C. Kohler; Chas. E Parsons, 
146 State, R. 

Fifth Precinct. J. Ward F.llis, 209 State, R.; H. G. Billings, Matteson 
House, R.; Robt. Stahl, 204 State, R.; T. Benton Leiter, Pullman Building; 
Milton Palmer, Palmer House, D. 

SMh Precinct. W. B. Andrews, 232 Michigan ave., D.; Geo. S. Essex, 194 
Michigan ave., D.; Roswell B. Bacon. Leland Hotel, R.; Thos. B. Lory, 288 
Wabash ave ; Thos. Hoops, 194 Michigan ave., R. 

Seventh Precinct. A. W. Herr, 95 Third ave., D.; J. H. McCormick , 291 
S. Dearborn, R.; R. H. Vickers, Choate's Hotel, R.; J. A. Tolman, Choates 
Hotel, D.; Wallace R. Dean, 43 Third ave., R. 

Eighth Precinct. Sol. Diamond, 267 S. Clark, D.; John Griffin, 108 E. 
Van Buren, D.; John Davis, 191 S. Clark, R.; C. M. Colmar, 269 S. Clark. D.; 
Oscar Odelines, Pacitic Hotel, R. 

Ninth Precinct. Wm. Connors, 294 Clark, D.; H. H. Kohlsaat, Grand 
Pacific, R.; Pat. Gore, Grand Pacific, R.; E. G. Brown, 320 S. Clark, D.; Chas 
L. Easton, Grand Pacific, R. 

Tenth Precinct. John A. Lomax, 14 Charles pi., D.; W. Skelley, 286 Fifth 
ave., D.; B. R. Hall, 157 E. Van Buren, R.; C. Keeting, 283 S. Franklin, D.; 
Joseph Vanderfort, 286 Fifth ave., R. 

SECOND WARD. 

First Precinct. Henry Lotzerijr, 359 Fifth ave., D.; Alexander McLeod, 
359 Fifth ave., R.; August Heller, Il4 Sherman, R.; J P. Doherty, 38 S. Clark, 
D.; Harry Boyne, 359 Fifth ave., R. 

Second Precinct. Henry Malzacher, 403 S. Clark, D.; A. Van Praag, 
392 State, D.; J. J. Cappels, 420 State, R.; Marshall Graves, 358 State, D.; Geo. 
H. Shaw, 110 E. Harrison, R. 

Third Precinct. Mark L. Crawford, Wabash ave. & Eldridge ct., D.: I., 
O. Hilbourn, 47 Peck ct', R.; Edward Elkin, 405 State, R.; C. V. Cavaroc, jr.; 
379 State, D.; Alexander Delne, 387 State, R. 

Fourth Precinct. F. G. Hoyne, 267 >f ichigan ave., D.; C. E. Lambert, 388 
Wabash ave., D.; E. R. Bliss, 213 Michigan ave., R.; Mathew Lennon, 458 
Wabash ave., D.; B. Loring. 27 Michigan ave., R. 

Fifth Precinct. James F. Latham, 330 Michigan, D.; A. T. Lay, 321 Mich- 
igan ave., R.; S. D. Kimbark, 331 Michigan ave., R.; E. Williams, 297 Mich- 
igan ave., D.; Frank B. Warring, 495 State, R. 

Sirth Precinct. John Koch, 494 State, D.; John Manon, 476 State, D.; J. 
E. Jones, 287 Third ave., R.; Wm. P. Murphy, 462 State, D.; M. M. Smith, 181 
Third ave, R.; J. E. Doherty, 452 State, R. 

Seventh Precinct. Mnx. Rosengarten, 561 State, D.; J. A. Worth, 508 
State, R.; J. C. Rott, 520 State, R.; John Ward, 550^ State, D.; F. L. Hibbard, 
539 W abash ave., R. 



48 THE POLITICAL HISTORY OF CHICAGO. 

Eighth Precinct. Samuel Houston, 228 Sherman, D.; James Cody, 238 
Sherman, D.; I. C. Harris, 443 Clark, R.; James Cody, jr., 228 Sherman, D.; 
Henry P. Symms, 444 Clark, R. 

Ninth Precinct. James O'Brien, 1357 Clark, D.; Henry Bincke, 1346 State; 
C. Laubersheimer, 1258 State, R.; Thomas Waters, 1258 State, D.; Frederick 
North, 1350 State, R. 

Tenth Precinct. F. Coyle. 1208 Michigan ave.. D.; G. Harris, 1233 Michigan 
ave., D.; E. G. Mason, 1204 Michigan ave., R.; Geo. W. Thomas, 1204 Indiana 
ave., D.; W. G. Bailey, 123) Michigan ave., R. 

Eleventh Precinct. B. F. Bruce, 1350 Wabash ave.; M. A. Farwell, 1343 
Michigan ave., R.; S. J. Glover, 1315 Michigan ave., R,; H. H. Rose, 1332 Michi- 
gan ave., R.; I. J. Henneberry, 1319 State, D. 

Twelfth Precinct. T. M. Hoyne, 1461 Michigan ave., D.; C. Summerfleld, 
1462 Michigan ave., I).; J. B. Bradwell, 1428 Michigan ave_, R.; H. A. Wilder, 
1410 Michigan ave., D.; H. P. Riarden, 1512 Indiana ave., R. 

Thirteenth Precinct. Wm. Henneberry, 1515 State, D,; J. M. Gillespie, 
1436 Wabash ave., R.; F. L. Stevenson, 1400 Wabash ave.; J. J. Ryan. 1509 
State, D.; W. A. Howe, 1433 Wabash ave., R. 

THIRD WARD. 

First Precinct. Michael Hart, 1628 Butterfleld, D.; F. H. Fry, 1633 Wabash 
ave., R.; Wm. F. Orcutt, 1601 State, R.; Jos. Connolly, 1604 Michigan ave., D.; 
H. M. Curtis, 1612 Indiana ave., R. 

Second Precinct. Moses G. Flood, 1728 Dearborn, D.; Frank Brust, 116 
Eighteenth, D.; F. S. Hansen, 1720 Michigan ave., R.; Jas. M. Clifford, 1722 Wa- 
bash ave., D.; Soren Mathisou, 1734 Wabash ave., R. 

Third Precinct. St. Clair Sutherland, 1830 Wabash ave.; G. E.Morton, 
1800 Michigan ave.; Henry W. B. Hoyt, 63 E. Eighteenth; Henry Evans, 143 
E. Eighteenth; H. G. Bird, 1809 Wabash ave. 

Fourth Precinct. Walter S. Paine, 1904 Wabash ave.; C. C. Evans, 1912 
Wabash ave.; H. F. Birch, 1912 Michigan ave.; Charles King, 122 E. Twen- 
tieth; N. B. Rappleye, 2020 Wabash ave. 

Fifth Precinct. John A. Markley, 2125 Calumet ave.; Geo. F. Bissell, 2003 
Prairie ave.; E. G. Keith, 1909 Prairie ave.; Fernando Jones, 1834 Prairie ave.; 
O. C. Nelson, 1623 Indiana ave. 

Sixth Precinct. - H. A. Kohn, 2210 Calumet ave.; Jacob Vogleman, 2335 
Cottage Grove ave.; E. P. Tobey, 2231 Calumet ave.; J. Devanny, 2345 Cot- 
tage Grove ave.; A. W. Crouch, 2350 Calumet ave. 

Seventh Precinct. John C. Schubert, 131 E. Twenty-Second; W. Mose- 
back, 2333 Michigan ave., R.; W. H. Sard, 2250 Michigan ave.; Martin Moylan, 
5216 Indiana ave., D.; T. J. Wells, 2350 Indiana ave. 

Eighth Precinct. Isaac Howland, 190 E. Twenty-Second; J. D. O'Neill, 
138 E. Twenty-Second; John Barkin, 2124 Wabash ave.; A. Lemen, 2103 But- 
terfleld; Dr. S. Quinlin, 2125 Wabash ave. 

A" inth Precinct. Jacob Heissler, 2356 State; Francis P. Fisher, 2238 Wa- 
bash ave.; Frank Gilbert, 2252 Wabash ave.; John J. DeLacy, 2222 Dearborn, 
Charles H. Lent, 2238 Wabash ave. 

Tenth Precinct. Geo. W. Morris, 2449 Michigan ave.; B. Philpot, 2444 Wa- 
bash ave.; J. L. Itanium, 2425 Michigan ave.; Charles Canney, 197 Twenty- 
Fourth; Charles F. Stitt, 2440 Prairie ave. 

Eleventh Precinct. Karl Buehl, 2510 Prairie ave.; Watson S. Hinkley, 92 
Twenty-Sixth; H. N. Wheeler, 2520 Indiana ave.; E. L. Bentley, 2521 Michigan 
ave.; Wm. M. Olcott, 2550 Prairie ave. 

Twelfth Precinct. Benedick Schlossman, 86 Twenty-Fifth; B. Baum, 2409 
South Park ave.; D. F. Crilly, 2416 S. Park ave.; B. Durr, 8 Twenty-Sixth; 
James B. Gallaway, 45 Twenty-Fifth. 

FOURTH WARD. 

First Prfcinct. James Holloran, 2606 State, D.; Geo. F. Geist, 2713 Dear- 
born, R.; Wm. Lange, 341 Twenty-Seventh, R.; Bernhard Baumann, 2828 
State, D.; Benj. Deacon, 2721 Dearborn, R. 

Second Precinct. Jacob Weil, 2703 Wabash ave., D.; E. B. King, 2827 Wa- 
bash ave., D.; M. B. Hull, 2826 Michigan ave., R.; H- Whitbeck, 2841 Michigan 
ave., D.; W. Gannett, Jr., 3638 Michigiui ave., R. 

Third Precinct. A. Clasen, 2712 South Park ave,, D.; Wm. J. Watson, 



THE NEW ELECTION LAW. 49 

2640 Prairie ave., R.; Hy. W. Dudley, 2613 Indiana ave., R.; M. Murphy, 2820 
Calumet ave., D.; F. W. Farwell, 2705 Indiana ave., R. 

Fourth Precinct. Fred R. Miller, corner Twenty-Eighth and Cottage 
Grove ave., D.; Hy. Delaney, Keeley Brew. Co., D.; Andrew Burnhara, 28 
Twenty-Ninth, II.; John R. Gearey, 2721 Cottajro Grove ave., D.; Fred Muel- 
ler, 2700 Cottage Grove ave., R. 

l-'Hth Precinct. U.J. Woodruff, 40 Thirty-First, D.; O. B. Barker, 2948 
Vernon ave., R.; Eli Smith, 3028 Vernon ave., R.; Geo. H. Ketelle, Jr., 3027 
Groveland ave., D.; Ira H. Schattuck, 3034 Vernon ave., R. 

Strt/i Preci?ief.T. Fitzgerald, 2921 South Park ave., D.; Edmund Ohm- 
stead, 144 Thirty-First, D.; Frank G. Logan. 2919 Prairie ave., R.; Jas. Dono- 
hue, 3027 Calumet ave.; Chas. W. Newton, 198 Thirty- First, R. 

Scvcnt'i Precinct.- H. S. Elliott, 243 Thirty-First, D.; Oren B. Taft, 3014 
Michigan ave., R.; Jas. F. Gillette, 2908 Michigan ave., R.; L. V. A. Lawrence, 
2927 Michigan ave., D.; A. A. Grannis, 2916 Indiana ave., R. 

Eighth Precinct. A. C. Miller, 2947 Buttertteld, D.; John Keyes, 2969 
Dearborn, 1).; H. Daemicke, 2900 State, R.; Jno. McMahon, 2917 Butterfleld; 
R. E. Moore, 2924 Butterfleld, R. 

Ninth Precinct. John Savery, 361 Thirty-First, D.: Hy. Snowell, 3136 
State, R.; Win. H. Elliott, 3030 State, R.; N. H. Graham, 3145 Dearborn, D.; 

C. J. Whitfleld, 3113 Dearborn, R. 

Tenth Precinct. W. H. Condon, 3302 Wabash ave., D.; Chas. E. McDon- 
nell. 3142 Michigan ave., D.; G. C. T. Morris, 3108 Michigan ave., R.; G. J. 
Blickhan, 3223 State, D.; W. P. Anderson, 3212 Indiana ave., R. 

Klrrenth Precinct. W. H. Russell, 3126 Calumet ave., D.; M. LefBer, 215 
Thirty-First, it.; G. Howison, 3149 Indiana ave., R.; J. H. Thompson, 3141 In- 
diana ave., I).; A. II. Pratt, 3229 Prairie ave., R. 

Twelfth Precinct. J. Morton, 3143 Rhodes ave., D.; Geo. H. Sidwell, 3222 
Rhodes ave., R.; J. Neatin, 3210 Rhodes ave., D.; C. C. Greenlay, 3169 Grove- 
land ave., D.; C. S. Bartlett, 3161 Groveland ave., R. 

Thirteenth Precinct. 8. R.Williams. 135 Thirty-Fourth, D.; Frank Wells, 
19 Groveland park, R.; James N. Smart, 166 Thirty-Fourth, R.; L.Mayer, 
3307 Cottage Grove ave., D.; J. N. Buchanan, 3403 Vernon ave., R. 

Fourteenth Precinct. R. W. Hyman, Jr., 3347 Prairie ave., D.; F. W. 
Tourtelotte, 3401 Wabash ave., D.; C. C. Chandler, 3347 Wabash ave., R.; 
J . L. Nelson, SSfi Calumet ave., D.; Jos. M. Steele, 3414 Calumet ave., R. 

Fifteenth Precinct. Edw. Reddy, 3457 Dearborn, D.; C. Hotchkin, 3336 
Wabash ave., R.; Leo Hettich, 3207 Dearborn, R.: H. P. Moran, 3220 Dear- 
born, D.; Thcophilus Schmid, 361 Thirty-Fourth, R. 

Sixteenth Precinct. Michael Fahey, a532 State, D.; J. H. Ludden, 3613 
Dearborn, D.; C. B. Crombie, 3608 Michigan ave., R.; J. W. Smith, 3604 
Dearborn, D.; G. E. Porter, 36.V) Wabash ave. , R. 

Seventeenth Precinct. M. Doyle, 3701 Butterfleld, R.; Jno. Nourse, 3448 
Dearborn, R.; Henry Koehsel, 3722 State, R .: Jos. Johnson, 3806 Dearborn; 
Chas. A. Shirley, 3824 State, R. 

hlii.lhtcciith Precinct . Claudel J. Adams, 3656 Indiana ave.,D.; John I. 
Moran, Thirty-Seventh and Forest ave., D.; S. D. Foss, 3750 Grand boul., 
R.; U. P. Gerrity, 3615 Forest ave., D.; G.P.Jones, 3625 Indiana ave., R. 

Nineteenth Precinct. G. W. Lawrence, 1508 Thirty-Seventh, D.; Wm. 
A. Stanton, 81 Bryant ave., R.; Ben. F. Nourse, 3645 Grand boul., R.; Chas. 
Pickett, 3622 Vernon ave., D.; Chas. N. Black, 46 Oak ave., R. 

Twentieth Precinct. John W. Horton, 3542 Lake ave., D.; E. C. 
Cleaver, 3(515 Lake ave.. D.; John W. Hepburn, 3617 Ellis ave., R.; F. C. 
Cleaver, 3615 Lake ave., D.; Oramel S. Hough, 146 Thirty-Seventh, R. 

Twcntu-Firxt Precinct. I. S. Casev, 3746 Johnson ave., D.; C. G. 
French, 20 Aldinesq., H.; Abner Smith, 15 Aldinesq., R.; E. H. Hatch, 9 
Ahlinesq., D.; G. H. Clark, 30 Aldinesq., R. 

Twenty-second Precinct. J. Cahill, 3720 Cottage Grove ave., D.; Thos. 
Scanlon, 3816 Lang-ley ave., D.; T. M. Caliger, 3801 Langley ave., R.; W. M. 
Emerson, 3842 Langley ave.: E. S. Sweet, 3714 Ijingley ave., R. 

Twcntii-thirtl Precinct. A. C. Huston, 3875 Cottage Grove ave., D.; Alfred 

D. Eddy, 3834 Ellis ave., R.; Chas. G. Wicker, 3804 Ellis ave., R.; I. H. Jacobi, 
3841 Cottage Grove ave., D.; Seward Shepard, 17 Thirty-ninth, R. 

FIFTH WARD 

First Precinct. Thomas Tobin, 1716 Clark; Alex. McClelland, 1918 La- 
Sallc ; C. Miller, 1818 Clark ; Martin E. Wolfe, 1734 LaSalle ; Patrick Corrigan, 
1916 I^Salle. 



50 THE POLITICAL HISTORY OF CHICAGO. 

Second Precinct. Jacob Fahanforth, 452 Twenty-second; Jeremiah 
Murphy, 2140 Archer ave.; Conrad Goebig, 376 E. Twenty-second ; Richard 
J. Curtin, 2111 Grove ; P. J. Loas, 269 Twenty-first. 

Tliird Precinct. David Deist, 2101 Archer ave.; Joseph Cloidt, 78 Finnell ; 
M. Loeb, 213T Archer ave.; AVm. Pfeffner, 66 Finnell ; Otto C. Miller, 312 
Twenty -second. 

Fourth Precinct. S. J. Oehman, 2245 Wentworth ave.; John Ready, 2228 
LaSalle ; A. Neuhaus, 2125 Wentworth ave.; J. T. Neeley, 2021 Archer ave.; 
O. Griflfig, 2217V6 Wentworth nve. 

Fifth Precinct. A. Martin, 383 Twenty-third; Herman Schmincke, 379 
Twenty-third ; Henry T. Sladeck, 48 Bushnell ; Peter Schimmels, 304 Twenty- 
third ; Frank H. Cloidt, 381 Twenty-third. 

Sixth Precinct. Fred. Sommer, 329 Twenty-fourth; John Keefe, 214 
Twenty-fourth p!.; T. F. Williamson, 180 McGregor ; John Styx, 418 Twenty- 
fifth ; Henry Diesel, 2422 Wentworth ave. 

Seventh Precinct. Michael Gary, 2704 LaSalle; C. H. Nortman, 2711 
"Wentworth ave.; J. J. Pfordreeher, 2501 Wentworth ave.; Terence Gleason, 
2410 La Salle ; Adolph Cohn, 2719 Wentworth ave. 

Eighth Precinct. Frank Burns, 349 Twenty-sixth ; John Menzenberger, 
346 Twenty-sixth; R. F. Brink, 2534 Wentworth ave.; J. H. Gleason, 38 
Twenty -eighth ; J. B. Thomas, 2700 Wentworth ave. 

Ninth Precinct. John N. Duback, 2805 Fifth ave.; Henry Bossi, 502 
Thirtieth ; H. W. Pelton, Sr., 2921 Portland ave ; Chas. E. Allard, 86 Twenty- 
ninth ; John N. Koch, 478 Thirtieth. 

Tenth Precinct. John Farrell, 3003 Wentworth ave.; Daniel H. Flynn, 
3009 LaSalle; John Rennett. 2923 Wentworth ave.; H. Froelich, 3035 Went- 
worth ave.; John H. Ryan, 2904 Wentworth ave. 

Elevent h Precinct. P. J. Cuneen, 3165 Wentwort ave.; John Braun, 3100 
Wentworth ave.; Sven Johnson, 3^16 Wentworth ave.; J. H. Darrow, 3258 
Wentworth ave.; C. Lindeman, 3110 Wentworth ave. 

Twelfth Precinct. 1. Waldron 3657 Wentworth ave.; Michael J. Duffy, 546 
W. Thirty-seventh ; John Kile, 3816 Lasalle; John Burns, 3737 Lasalle; A. W. 
Rowley, 541 Thirty-seventh. 

Thirteenth Prccuicf. Michael O'Connor, 3160 Fifth ave.; David Martin. 
630 Thirty-seventh ; Eugene Vaughan, 3206 Fifth ave.; Daniel F. Curran, 3240 
Fifth ave.: F. Donnelly, 3546 Wentworth ave. 

Fourteenth Precinct. Dennis Gleason, 3727 S. Halsted ; John Larrisey, 
3701 Emerald ave.; Chas. P. Holbrook, 3707 Halsted; Timothy Gorman, 3755 
Dashiel ; Michael H. Collins, 3700 Dashiel. 

Fifteenth Precinct. Henry Behrens, 3621 S. Halsted ; J. Hetherington, 
3627 Emerald ave.; D. F. Cohrs, 3559 S. Halsted ; William J. White, 3610 Dash- 
iel ; John P. Bowes, 3558 Dashiel. 

Sixteenth Precinct. Daniel Delaney, 3601 Dashiel; Timothy O'Donnell, 
744 Thirty-seventh; John O'Connor, 35ll Lowe ave.; Cornelius Reidy, 796 
Thirty-seventh ; John B. McAuliffe, 3602 Lowe ave. 

Seventeenth Precinct. E. J. Baddershaw, 3019 Dashiel ; Jacob Werner, 3001 
S. Halsted; Frank H. Brown, 3016 Dashiel; J. J. McKillop, 3101 S. Halsted; 
James J. Ford, 3038 Dashiel. 

Eighteenth Precinct. Joseph Hurita, 2902 Parnell ave.; Benj. Burns, 159 
Napoleon pi.; Gustaf A. Ohsfeklt, 488 Twenty-ninth; Jno. A. Sullivan, 540 
Twenty-ninth ; Alfred Johnson, 3040 Hanover. 

Nineteenth Precinct. Timothy Griffin, 2625 Dashiel ; James Dwyer, Twen- 
ty-sixth and Dashie) ; Michael Madigan, 2804 Dashiel ; J. J. Brophy, Dashiel 
and Twenty-eighth-, Richard Powers, 2615 Dashiel. 

Twentieth Precinct. August Pniigniiit, 515 Twenty-sixth; Michael 
Schmidt, 626 Twenty-seventh ; Arthur K. Peterson, 566 Twenty-seventh; 
David Mullens, 494 Twenty-sixth ; Victor H. Peterson, 566 Twenty-seventh. 

Twrntii-nrist Precinct. Hat. Eichten, 517 Twenty-fifth; George Scham- 
berg, 126 McGregor; Nick Steilen, 128 McGregor; Joseph Srahan, 209 Twen- 
ty-third pi.; C. M. Cotter, 131 McGregor. 

Twenty-second Precinct. August Mette; 2511 Emerald ave; Dennis 
Carey, 601 Twenty-fifth ; Jno. Kinsella, Jr., 2424 Sanger ; David L. Leahy, 2424 
Sang'er ; H. Sherman, 2542 Sanger. 

Twenty-third Precinct. Frank Keegan, 2582 Archer ave.; Henry Stuck- 
art, 2517 Archer ave.; Maurice Crean, 2516 Halsted ; A. G. Begy, 2556 Hickory ; 
Daniel T. Gorman, Jr., 2552 Hickory. 

Twenty-fourth Precinct. Daniel McManmon, 3321 Auburn ; John O'Con- 



THE NEW ELECTION LAW. 51 

nor, 947 Thirty-fourth ; James Bancroft, 3433 Auburn ; Redmond Langan. 
JK343 Halsted ; P. J. Murphy, 867 Thirty-fourth. 

Twentu-fftli Precinct. James P. A. McDonough, Thirty -eighth and Hal- 
sted; S. Burkhardt, 3 Thirty-fifth ct.; J. Sohweitman, 3553 S. Halsted; Rob- 
ert E. Keating, 896 Thirty-sixth ; R. C. Nehls, a r >64 S. Halsted. 

Twenty-sixth Precinct. Patrick J. Lee, 3308 Ullman; Thos Coogan, 1096 
Thirty-fifth ; Jas. W. Dough, 3313 Ullman ; James Tracey, Thirty-fifth and 
Laurel ; Jno. F. Nachtrich, 3111 Vincennes ave. 

Twenty-seventh Precinct. Patrick Lane, 3933 Main ; Henry Bailey, 3960 
Main ; David Fitzgerald, 3915 Farrell : John E. Cavanaugh, 3858 Main ; Sam. 
J. Le Clare, 3057 Kan-ell. 

Twenty-eighth Precinct. Peter Connolly, 3995 Lyman ; Michael Gorman, 
876 Thirty-first ; James L. deary, 3987 Bonaparte ; Michael Dillon, 3901 Archer 
ave.; John J. Page, 3931 Hay nes ave. 

Twenty-ninth Precinct. J. ,J. Healy, 3638 Hickory; Thomas A. Price, 
2859 Deering; James C. Brooks, 3861 Deering; Stephen H. Kelley, 2539 
Cologne; Dennis J. Reilly, 2735 Logan. 

Thirtieth I'm-inet. -Patrick H. Sheahan, cor. Fuller and Hickory; John 
Lane, 106 Fuller; John W. Conway, 2958 Archer ave.; Daniel Kenifick, 3874 
Hickory ; William T. Allen, 3860 Deering. 

Thirtu-firxt Precinct. Patrick L. Fogarty, 3313 Archer ave.; T. M. Fox, 
3169 Archer ave.; Thomas McMuhon, 3159 Archer ave.; Andrew Powers, 3137 
Archer ave.; Jas. Breen, 3164 Archer ave. 

Thirty-xecoiui Precinct. James Kelley, 3412 Bloom; James Woods, 3300 
Charlton ; John T. Richards, 3439 Paulina ; Thos. Connolly, Thirty-fifth and 
Charlton ; James B. Wiltse, 3430 Bloom. 

Thirty-third Free met. Patrick Healy, 3858 Ashland ave., Ben. H. Boyer, 
a521 Paulina; Samuel Weightman, 1433 Thirty-fifth; C. J. Hellenthal, 3600 
Ashland ave.; Wm. G. Henshaw, 1409 Thirty-fifth. 

SIXTH WARD. 

First Precinct. James Gorman, 731 S. Canal, D.; Lorenz Biakink. 88 W. 
Eighteenth, R.; Wm. Raleigh, 7358 S. Canal, R.; Michael Tobin, 88 Seward, D.; 
Richard Nelson, 680 S. Canal, R. 

Second Precinct. Jno. Snmmers, 655 S. Jefferson, D.; Urban Schmitz, 
147 W. Sixteenth, D.; A. G. Rueck, 48 String, R.; John Callahan, 54 Ruble, D.; 
Julius Kratz, 43 String, R. 

Third Precinct. M. Blako, 67 Canalport ave., D.; W. Wedemeyer, 133 
Canalport ave., R.; Henry Ludewing, 676 S. Union, R.; Jos. Desjordin, 147 W. 
Eighteenth, R.; C. Cobiskey, 125 Canalport ave., D. 

Fourth Precinct. Patrick O'Neil, 913 S. Halsted, D.; Thos. O'Hern, 16 
John's pi., D.; John Griffin, 839 S. Halsted, R.; Thos. Costelle, 138 Twenty-first, 
D.; H. C. Zuttermeister, 134 W. Twenty-first, R. 

Fifth Precinct. William Curran, 788 S. Halsted, D; F. R. Lott, 783 S. 
Halsted, R; C. O. Foedish, 752.S. Halsted, R.; Win. J. Burk, 731 S. Halsted, D.; 
Chas. Scharf, 750 S. Halsted, R. 

Sixth Precinct. -C. Brinkman, 708 S. Halsted, D.; Thos. Raleigh, 703 S. 
Halsted, D.; Wm. F. Roraoser, 688 S. Halsted, R.; John Smith, 597 S. Union, 
D.; John Bower, 650 S. Halsted, R. 

Seventh Precinct. Seymour Wilcox, 291 W. Eighteenth, D.; Carl 
Schultz, 665 S. Morgan, It.; John Ambrose, 5)3 W. Eighteenth, It.; M. Cronan, 
66 W. Nineteenth, D.; John Gunterberg, 305 W. Eighteenth, R. 

Eighth Precinct. Thos. J. Turney, 2 Nineteeth pi., D.; Thos. Hasset, 103 
W. Nineteenth, D.; Frank Prell, 192 W. Twentieth, It.; James McMahon, 107 
W. Nineteenth, D.; M. W. Wiana, cor. Twentieth and Brown, R. 

Mnth Precinct. P. Horan, 20 Walsh ct.; Fred Matt, 703 S. Morgan, It.; D. 
Curran, 695 Center ave.; Chas. Matt, 704 S. May, D.; David Herley, 718 Center 
ave., 11. 

Tenth Precinct. Wm.. Shortall, 598 Center ave.; Albert Ernst, 564 Center 
ave, D.; I. S. Lurie, 586 Center ave., R.; Christ Walleck, 603 Center ave., D.; 
M. Sikyta, 582 Center ave., R. 

Eleventh Precinct. James Mayer, 648 Loomis, D.; C. Metzger, 525 Blue 
Island ave., R.; J. Degoot, 535 Blue Island ave., R.; Ed. O'Connor, 575 W. 
Eighteenth, D.; J. F. Stepina, 550 Blue Island ave., R. 

Twelfth Precinct. J. J. McCormick, 2710 Post, D.; John Schroeder, 661 
Blue Island ave., D.; A. Brundage, 533 \V. Twenty-second, It.; John Smith, 
567 W. Twenty-first, D.; Chas. Hall, 770 Loomis, R. 



52 THE POLITICAL HISTORY OF CHICAGO. 

Thirteenth Precinct. John Foley, 668 W. Twenty-first, D.; Alex. "Wat- 
son, 739 Hinman, It.; H. Euthof, 748 Hinman, R.; C. Algrim, 847 Blue Island 
ave., D.; L. Albers, 847 Blue Island ave., R. 

Fourteenth PrectncLP. Veldon, 777 Hinman, D.; H.Monzel, 788 Hin- 
man, D.; Miles O'Kelley, 801 W. Twenty-second, R.; R. Forsyth, 62 Am- 
brose, D.; C. Rohe, 787 Hinman, H. 

Fifteenth Precinct. Thos Weston, 679 W. Twentieth, D.; L. E. Cook, 
649 W. Twentieth, R.; Rudolph lass, 7*5 W. Twentieth, R.; D. McGann, 22 
W. Nineteenth ; E. E. Reminder, 003 S. Ashland, H. 

Sixteenth Precinct. Frank Mokowski, 792 Paulina, D.; R. B. Houghton, 
688 Van Horn, D.; Jos. Naperaleky, 681 W. Seventeeth, R.; B. Doniski, 7o9 
W. Seventeeth, D.; J. H. Payne, 573 W. Nineteenth, R. 

Seventeenth J^recitict. Wm. Keefe, 1009 W. Twenty-first, D.; A. Barz, 
889 W. Twenty-first, R.; Wm. Schwerin, 977 W. Twenty-first, R.. Wm. B. 
Sharman, cor. Nineteenth and Western ave., D.: Chas. Kasch, 911 W. Tweiity- 
first, R. 

Eighteenth Precinct. George Johnson, 1009 W. Twenty-second, D.; Geo. 
Bell, 1087 Blue Island ave., D.; John J. Weber, 1050 W. Twenty-second, R.; 
Dr. Clark, 980 W. Twenty-first, D.; John Lillig. Jr., 1093 S. Hoyne ave., K. 

Nineteenth Precinct. James Fitzpatrick, cor. Twenty-Sixth and Camp- 
bell ave., D.; V. Carlson, 308 Parmalee, R.; J. Koeoelk, 1101 California ave., 
R.; Julius Hoffman, 1054 W. Twenty-first, D., Joseph Little, 322 Parmalee, 
R. 

Twentieth Precinct. J. L. Gregory, Millard ave. station, D.; H. H. Tib- 
betts, Millard ave. station, D.; J. H. Weber, 1120 Millard ave., R.; C. L. 
Bonney, 1127 Genesee ave., D.; A. Vanderpoel, Millard ave. station, R. 

SEVENTH WARD. 

First Precinct. John Keying, 566 S. Canal; Matthew J. Brennan, 99 
Wilson ; Servatius Linden, 564 S. Canal ; John Torpey, 148 W. Twelfth ; John 
McCaffrey, 59 Judd. 

Second Precinct. -Patrick Downs, 112 Maxwell; B. Denver, 594 Canal; 
Wm. Hebener, 530 S. Jefferson ; Patrick Kennedy, 25 Liberty ; C. Fragnitz, 
100 W. Fourteenth, 

Third Precinct. John McMahon, 645 Canal; Louis Korter, 631 Canal; 
Wm. T. Payne, 641 Canal; James Hurley, 88 Wright; J. J. Madden, 13 W. 
Fifteenth. 

Fourth Precinc t. M. J. Clinch, cor. Fifteenth and Union ; P. Corkill, 585 
Jefferson; Geo. M. Wimmer, 186 W. Fifteenth; Wm. J. Hawkshaw, 548 
Union ; Wm. S. Powell, Jr., 227 Newberry ave. 

Fifth Precinct.- Wm. Upton, 569 S. Halsted ; John Freiber, 580 S. Hal- 
sted ; C. Mobinski, 582 S. Halsted ; F. B. Handtman, 562 S. Halsted ; Adolph 
Metzger, 592 S. Halsted. 

Sirtfc, Precinct. Fred Shroeder, 246 Maxwell; Jno. Farrell, 109 Liberty: 
George McKenzie, 235 Maxwell ; C. H. Daley, Fourteenth and Union ; E. "J. 
Stephens, 266 Maxwell. 

Seventh Precinct. James Clare. 38 O'Brien; F. W. Dodge, 182 W. 
Twelfth ; Fred Burkhardt, 192 W. Twelfth ; L. J. Niehoff, 26 O'Brien ; John 
Schneider, 278 W. Twelfth. 

Eighth Precinct. Morgan O'Brien, cor. Johnson and Maxwell; Peter 
Jene, 314 W. Twelfth ; R. V. Kennedy, 113 Newberry ave.; Wm. Maloney, 
487 S. Halsted ; Albert H. Mussen, 142 Newberry ave. 

Ninth Precinct. C. J. McGraft, 113 Johnson; John F. Shifler, 85 
Johnson ; Wm. Coogan, 91 Johnson ; F. E. Percey, 153 Brown ; Charles 
Immekus, 126 Johnson. 

Tenth Precinct. M. Brennan, Thirteenth pi. and Blue Island ave.; Mathias 
Schaffhousen, 252 Blue Island ave., W. J. Johnson, 375 W. Fourteenth ; M. 
F. Fleming, 413 W. Fourteenth ; Frederick Henisch, 412 Maxwell. 

Eleventh Precinct. J as. O'Sullivan, 356 W. Fourteenth ; Wm. Baxter 552 
S. Morgan ; Wm. Bartels, 460 Center ave.; T. Mahoney, 2 Henry ; Thos. 
Ryan, 62 Henry. 

Twelfth Precinct. John Sullivan, 348 W. Fifteenth ; Patrick Brown, 312 
W. Fifteenth ; Joseph H. Girard, 9 Henry ; T. Barry, 299 W. Fifteenth ; J. 
J. Brown, 312 W. Fifteenth. 

Thirteenth I 1 reciitct. \\'m. Staats,504W. Fifteenth ; John Derrickson, 429 
W. Fifteenth; Val Kopf, X">7 Blue Island ave.; James Phelan, 91 Hastings, 
Hugo F. Stern, 483 W. Fourteenth. 



THE NEW ELECTION LAW. 53 

Fourteenth Precinct. James Considine, 407 Center ave.; Chas. Meyer, 
Blue Island ave. and Hasting ; Charles Meyer, 58 Thirteenth pi.; Patrick F. 
Eustice, 119 Thirteenth pi.; James O'Harra, 72 W. Thirteenth. 

Fifteenth Precinct.- R. F. Buckley, 479 Loomis; Wm. Wertzler, 131 W. 
Thirteenth; Henry Fete_meyer, 127 W. Thirteenth; J. H. Buckley, 479 
Loomis; John Hickey, 159 Thirteenth pi. 

Sixteenth Precinct. John Grimes, 164 Hastings; John Kiley, 130 Has- 
tings; F. Angelstein, north west cor. Lafliin and Thirteenth pi.; G. D. 
O'Connor, 628 W. '1 -\velfth ; Jno. Coates, 205 W. Thirteenth. 

Seventeenth Precinct. Joseph Gotthelf, 591 W. Fourteenth; Henry 
Scherer, 609 W. Fourteenth, T. J. Carroll, 642 S. Ashland ave.; Edward 
Fox, 270 Henry ; M. J . Dooley, 190 Henry. 

Eighteenth Precinct. John Cowey, 637 S. Ashland ave.; Phil. Gleason, 
692 W. Fourteenth; L. S. Weavei-, 649 S. Ashland ave.; T. Gilmartin, 688 
W. Fourteenth ; J. B. Blank, 651 S. Ashland ave. 

Nineteenth Precinct. Q. McDonna, Paulina and Thirteenth pi.; Jacob 
Wolf, 702 W. Twelfth; Julius Weldling, 587 S. Ashland ave.; Wm. More- 
head, 346 Thirteenth pi.; Max Kirchman, 730 W. Twelfth. 

Twentieth Precinct. Wm. J. Donahue, 532 Thirteenth pi.; George H. 
Toney, 1200 Fifteenth; Michael J. Rowan, 541 Thirteenth pi.; George W. 
Wood, Rebecca, near Rockwell ; A. Pf eil, Lincoln . 

EIGHTH WARD. 

First Precinct. E. Menzie, 108 W. Van Buren ; A. H. Briggs, 252 S. Des- 
plaines ; Richard Jones, 92 W. Van Buren ; M. Cagney, 242 S. Clinton ; Am- 
brose Keating, 252 S. Clinton. 

Second Precinct. James McCann, 46 Depuyster ; John M. Nagle, 267 S. 
Desplaines; Wm. F. Knoch, 152 W. Van Buren ; John Kevil, 25 Depuyster; 
John Z. Rittman, 49 Depuyster. 

Third Precinct. Eugene Keogh, 200 S. Halsted; Wm. D. Fitch, 2358. 
Halsted ; Henry White, 229 S. Peoria ; John Ryan, 214 S. Halsted ; Fred Shaw, 
235 S. Halsted. 

Fourth Precinct. W. McCoy, Sangamon and Congress ; L. Adams, 218 
S. Morgan ; H. Btnz, Morgan and Congress ; Chas. Anderson, 207 S. Morgan; 
Fred Wood, 361 W. Harrison. 

Fifth Precinct. John McGuire, 163 S. Center ave.; J. B. Carter, 349 W. 
Congress; C. Gillespie, Throop and Congress; F. O'Malley, 416 W. Congress; 
C. M. Peebles, 286 W. Congress. 

Sixth Precinct. -W. D. Price, 190 S. Center ave.; Thomas Keating, 199 S. 
Center ave.; T. Whiteside, 432 W. Harrison; John Hallinan, 212 Aberdeen ; 
J. Van Persyn, 430 W. Harrison. 

Seventh Precinct. Maurice Wallace, 33 Miller ; Jeph Le Petre, 19 Gold ; 
David Byrnes, 49 Miller ; M. O'Brien, 33 Gold ; E. W. Pratt, 17 Gold. 

EialMi Precinct. James Ryan, 301 S. Halsted ; A. Charles, 77 Blue Island 
ave. ; P. Sunfield, 23 Blue Island ave.; Otto Ulrichs, 23 Hope ; T. H. Prender 
gast, 59 Blue Island av. 

Ninth l^recinct. Frank C. Nagle, 322 S. Halsted; T. T. Manley, 194 Ma- 
ther ; James Wishart, 166 W. Harrison ; Geo. G. Ernest, l& r > W. Harrison ; J. 
J. Ahren, Io2 W. Harrison. 

Tenth Precinct. Thomas Clifford, 305 S. Jefferson; Wm. Lee. 137 W. 
Polk : James A. Rodgers, 279 S. Jefferson ; James Shey, 207 S. Jefferson ; C. 
E. Cruikshank. 308 S. Jefferson. 

Klcccnih Precinct. Patrick Morris, 130 Forquer; Louis Graflus, 415 S. 
Canal; Henry Kilie, 69 Ewing; Thomas Grace, 120 Forquer; John Schwartz, 
4~>5S. Canal. 

Tinlfth Precinct. Joseph Baths, 341 S. Jefferson; Edward J. Burke, 150 
Forquer; Herman Gority, 166 Forquer; Joseph Mangan, 163 W. Taylor; 
Jas. H. Howe, 135 Ewing. 

Thirteenth Precinct. Andrew Brennan, 245 W.Taylor; John Kralovec, 
189 W. Taylor; James E. Thomas, 206 W. Polk ; James J . Dooley, 192 For- 
quer; Julius Smidle, 193 \V. Taylor. 

Fourteenth I'rtdnct. John Adams, 282 Forquer ; John Bolland, 280 For- 
quer; P. D, Schipperus, 256 P'orquer; Theo. Hurrsch, 235 Forquer; Q. J. 
Chott, 267 W. Taylor, clerk Justice Eberhardt's court. 

Fifteenth Precinct. L. Waltersdorf , 365 W. Taylor ; Edward O'Brien, 85 
Miller; Jas. Wilson, 86 Miller; E. Adams, 92 Miller; Wm. Roach, 75 Miller. 

Sixteenth Precinct. John McEnery, Polk and May ; Paul Morand, 331 S. 



54 THE POLITICAL HISTORY OF CHICAGO. 

May ; John Conwav, Sr., 389X> W. Taylor ; Wni. J. McGrath, Jr., 72 Damon; 
H. E. Taylor, 33 W. Taylor. 

Seventeenth Precinct. Patrick N. Kellv, :?T1 Loomis; T. J. West, Gilpin 
pi. and Lytle; M. Milliter, 259 Center ave.; Wm. D. Kelley, 271 Loomis; Rob- 
ert Goodwillie, 447 Taylor. 

Eighteenth Precinct. Patrick Hayes, 17 Nebraska; Henry Armstrong 1 , 
117 Lytle ; John Butler, 137 Lytie ; Georgv Conway, 11 Nebraska ; James Mc- 
Assey, 470 W. Taylor. 

Nineteenth Precinct. -Patrick fl. C r.nisVoy. .VM W. Twelfth; John T. 
Golden, 116 Lytle; F. D. i?imw, 128 Lytle ; Joseph Culliton, 361 S. Center 
ave.; A. H. Ratter, 84 Taylor. 

Twentieth Precinct. John Schmidt, 20!) Blue Island ave., G. Frauchere, 
179 Blue Island ave.; M. Klcttner, 18-' Blue Island .;vt.; Wm. J. O'Brien, 31") 
Aberdeen ; Chas. Walters, 187 Blue Island ave. 

Twenty-first Pren'm-?.. James E. O'Brien, 376 S. Morgan; A. D. Terbnsh, 
37 Brown ; John Loebstein, 400 S. Morgan ; John Corbett, 5 Johnson ; John 
Rapp, 17 Johnson. 

Twenty-Second Precinct. John Houdek, 449 Desplaines: James Doran, 
407 8. Halsted ; S. H. Harris, 392 S. Halsted ; John Bohen, 417 is. Halsted ; 
Andrew Farrell, 200 W. Taylor. 

Twenty-third Precinct. A. J. Kolar, 448 S. Jefferson; Anton Premier, 
440 S. Jefferson ; H. A. Haviland, 184 W. Taylor; James F. Roach, 191 W. 
Twelfth ; Anton Seidel, 174 DeKoven. 

Twenty-fourth Precinct. Joseph Kaberna, 107 DeKoven ; P. Bretschnei- 
der, 103 DeKoven ; Wm, Kasper, 479 S. Canal ; W. J. Wallace, 120 W. Taylor; 
Frank L. Loudl, 84 W. Taylor. 

NINTH WARD. 

Firgl Precinct. J. E. Ferguson, 34 S. Clinton; F. Heartig, Canal and 
Madison ; M. J. Henderson, Canal and Madison ; J. Heimbrodt, 24 W. Mad- 
ison; Joseph Biggio, 30 W. Randolph. 

Second Precinct. James Sollitt, 45 W. Quincy ; John Brown, 198 S. Jef- 
ferson; John H. Enright, 76 W. Adams; W. J. Maggraff, 180 S. Clinton; 
Frank Kennedy, 209 S. Clinton. 

Tliird Precinct. Henry Klein, 33 Boston ave.; James Caldwell, 17 Boston 
ave.; John Mahoney, 186 S. Desplaines ; A. Thoma, 45 Boston ave.; Chas. W. 
Waslen, 136 W. Jackson. 

Fourth Precinct. 1. Felsenthal, 156 S. Desplaines ; Gabriel Tarrell, 157 W. 
Jackson; Wm. Spence, 138 W. Adams; B. Felsenthal, 156 S. Desplaines; 
Stephen Griffin, 162 S. Desplaines. 

Fifth Preiinct. Henry Ennis, 151 W. Monroe ; George K. Jones, 163 W. 
Adams ; John Graham, 113 S. Desplaines ; C. B. Masten, 180 W. Monroe ; Rob- 
ert Senott, 124 S. Desplaines. 

Sixth Precinct. -H. F. Smith, 163 W. Madison; Lon Freeman, 176 W. 
Madison ; F. D. Cummings, 142 W. Madison ; G. J. Cassels, 168 W. Madison ; 
R. T. McDonough, 116 W. Madison. 

Seventh Precinct. Cbas. Herrick, St. Denis Hotel ; C. Collins, St. Denis 
Hotel; George Bairleon, 72 W. Madison; L. R. Puffer, St. Denis Hotel; 
Frank Gallery, 82 S. Jefferson. 

Eighth Precinct. Fred Boerner, 188 W. Randolph: James McCauley, 19 
Waldo pi.; W. Wintermeyer, 144 W. Randolph ; John Knold, Randolph and 
Union ; W. D. Sheley, 118 W. Washington. 

mnth Preinct. Charles Yott, 241 W. Madison; G. W. Robinson, 242 \V. 
Randolph ; John P. Kane, 196 Washington ; B. L. Hess, 47 S. Halsted ; T. H. 
Dillon, 225 W. Madison. 

Tenth Precinct. Wm. H. Snelson, 285 W. Monroe; L. D. Jones, 42 Car- 
penter; Chas. Frizzell, 10 S. Morgan ; John Huggins, 48 S. Morgan ; Chas. J. 
Mapes, 48 S. Carpenter. 

Eleventh Precinct. Wm. Richard, 125 S. Halsted; Gustavus Jenifer. 220 
W. Monroe ; J. B. Crane, 234 W. Monroe ; S. McQuiston, southeast cor. Green 
and Monroe ; J. M. Barstow, 210 W. Monroe. 

Twelfth Precinct. )H. M. Titzer, 156 S. Green; Leon Schlossman, 133 S. 
Peoria; J. McCarthy, 192 S. Saiigamon ; H. B. Smith, 147 S. Halsted; Frank 
O'Rourkc, 172 S. Green. 

Thirteenth Precinct. J. N. Carter, 314 W. Adams; W. H. Beidler, 270 W. 
Jackson ; James Peevey, northeast cor. Morgan and Jackson : R. J. Bas- 
sett, 133 S. Morgan ; W. W. Miller, 98 Aberdeen. 



THE NEW ELECTION LAW. 55 



TENTH WARD. 

First Precinct. J. Livingston, 127 N. Desplaines, R. ; J. D. Murphy, 69 
W. Kinzie, H. : Joseph Lewis, 151 N. Desplaines, D. ; J. McGivern, 154 N. Des- 
plaines, D.; J. G. Andey, 134 N. Desplaines, R. 

Second Precinct. P. Mortenson, 231 Milwaukee ave., D. ; M. Buchbinder, 
224 Milwaukee ave., D. ; (). H. Moe, &5 W. Indiana, R. ; Fred Klauer. 186 Mil- 
waukee ave., D. ; W. E. Cullen, 183 N. Halsted, D. 

Thirtt Precinct. G. B. Moore, 149 N. Halsted, R. ; L. Mess, 146 N. Union, 
R. ; Henry Reader, 76 Austin ave., D. ; Martin Canning, 121 N. Green, D. ; F. 
Oberndorf, 139 N. Hulsted, R. 

Fmirtli Precinct.. Patrick Hallinan, 153 N. Peoria, D. ; C. Henrichs, 242 
Milwaukee ave., D. ; O. Johnson, 127 W. Indiana, R.; C. Knudson, 136 W. Indi- 
ana, U.; J. McCarthy, 134 W. Indiana, D. 

Fiftli Pri'dnct. M. Losby, 209 W. Indiana, R.: C. O. Kindley, 221 Indiana, 
R.; C.'S. Wilson, 167 W. Indiana, D.; Ed J. Dwyer, 136 N. Morgan, D.; H. 
Olson, 186 N. Morgan, H. 

Si.rth I'riTini-t. W. H. Ralston, 307 W. Lake; John Garrick, 269 Fulton, 
D.; G. C. Crofoot, 283 W. Lake, R. ; Leon Conroyd, 45 N. Curtis, R. ; H. A. 
Mienke, 287 Fulton, D. 

Seventh Precinct. Wm. Wayman, 247 Fulton, R.; S. Shaw, 278 W. Lake 
R.; Chas. King, 281 W. Randolph ; Wm. Hunt, 250 Fulton; D. ; Jas. Bortle, 58 
Sangamon, R. 

Eialith Precinct. Henry Pesch, 192 Carroll av., D. ; F. Gettleson, 209 W. 
Lake, D. ; A. B. Servoss, 46 N. Halsted, R. ; O. A. Rerdel, 19!) W. Randolph, 
R. ; T. Kenney, 237 W. Randolph, D. 

Ninth l*i-ecinct. C. A. Perry, 193 W. Lake, R. ; L, Leonhardt, 22 N. 
Union, R. ; Theodore Mack, 13 N. Union, D.; E. W. Stevens, 32 Desplaines, 
T. Sherwood, 193 Lake. 

Tenth Precinct.- B. McGough, 20 V.". Randolph, D. ; M. Kreitling, 6 N. 
Canal, D. ; T. W. Eaton, 35 N. Canal, R. ; C. Nagle, 63 W. Lake, R. ; A. Franks; 
85 W. Randolph, D. 

ELEVENTH WARD. 

First Precinct. M. Dougherty, 269 W. Indiana ; John L. Pentecost, 298 
W. Indiana; Owen E. Hogin, 250 W. Indiana; T. McDonough, 137 N. Eliza- 
beth : Lawrence Davy, 160 N. May. 

Second Precinct. Wm. Fagan, 338 W. Indiana; Thomas Glaven, 382 
Austin ave. ; Henry Koehler, 331 W. Indiana; John Navin, 351 Austin ave. ; J. 
H. Alexander, 146 N. Elizabeth. 

Third Precinct, Redmund Flynn, 411 Austin ave. ; Thos Ouayle, Jr., 427 
W. Indiana; Adam Stark, 465 W. Indiana ; W. Howe, 464 W. Indiana ; John 
A. Davis, 385 W. Indiana. 

Fourth Precinct. Theo Schladweiler, 349 Carroll av. ; John Monahaii, 74 
Elizabeth : Thomas Shaw, 81 N. Ada ; Thomas McBride, 304 Austin av.; David 
Hinchliffe, 84 N. Elizabeth. 

l''i<th Precinct. Nathan Oppenheimer, 44 St. Johns pi. ; Samuel J. Dog- 
gett, 423 Carroll av. ; W. A. Goodman, 460 Fulton ; W. A. Amberg, 62 N. 
Sheldon ; K. Stone, 70 N. Ada. 

Sixth Precinct. Wm. Horn, 514 W. Lake ; M. L. Brennan, 441 W. Ran- 
dolph ; Samuel Kerr, 10 Bryan pi. ; Wm. Booth, 501 Lake; George W. Camp- 
bell, 9 S Ada. 

Seventh Precinct. John F. Brandon, 360 W. Lake; Frank Gandies, 43 N. 
Ada; Chas W. Evtxns, 341 Fulton; Edward T. Noonan, 17 N. Elizabeth: 
George Kernes, 59 N. Ada. 

Kitilith Prn-inct. . I. P. Taylor, 11 S.May; John D. Klugg, 329 W. Madi- 
son; Charles T. Barnes, 55 W. Monroe; G. T. Mason, 324 Washington; P. M. 
Boumgartner, :i~>l W. Madison. 

\iiitli I'n-rini-t.- Isaac Wai.vel, 384 Washington bd.; John M. Leet, 368 
Washington bd.; John Fairbanks, 16 S Ada ; L. P. Halliday, 3 Elizabeth ; W. 
C. Mitchell, T S. F.li/.al>eth. 

Tenth Precinct. C. Degenhardt, 554 W. Madison ; D. M. Kirton, 16 Bishop 
ct.; A. F. Doremus, 505 W. Madison ; Joseph Cella, 545 W. Madison ; John V. 
Hair, 120 Ashland av. 

Klerentli Prn-inct. Fred K. Bowes, 541 W. Adams ; F. K. Tracy, 545 W. 
Jackson; George Sherwood, 513 W. Adams; W. R. Champlin, 515 Adams; 
George A. Mai-shall, 63 Lanin. 



56 THE POLITICAL HISTORY OF CHICAGO. 

Twelfth Precinct. B. E. Bremner, 463 W. Monroe ; James M. Horton, 459 
W. Monroe ; Gardiner G. Willard, 107 Throop ; Michael D. Flaherty, 89 Loo- 
mis ; F. E. Whitman, 436 W. Adams. 

Thirteenth Precinct. Thomas Lonergan, 89 Center ave.; R. M. Outhet, 399 
"W. Monroe ; B. C. Hayman, 408 W. Monroe ; Thomas J. Cochrane, 40 Throop : 
Wm. F. Hair, 407 Center ave. 

Fourteenth Precinct. Chas Wortmen, 338 Monroe ; N. M. Eisendrath, 345 
Van Buren ; L. C. Borland, 365 W. Jackson ; D. F. Burke, Adams and Center 
av.; W. H. Fessler, 358 W. Monroe. 

Fifteenth Precinct. A. W. Harlan, 475 W. Congress ; John M. Oliver, 508 
W. Congress ; Wm. D. Kent, 494 W. Congress ; D. O'Brien, 30 Plum ; F. S. 
Cable, 469 W. Congress. 

Sixteenth Precinct. Nicholas Sinnott, 209 Laflin ; T. G. Martin, cor. 
Taylor & Laflin ; George T. French, 238 Laflin ; H. Ahern, 328 Loomis ; S. H. 
Warner, 582 W. Taylor. 

TWELFTH WARD. 

First Precinct. A Farrar, 505 Washington boul.; E. D. Wilder, &5 S. Ash- 
land ave.; H. Burkhardt, 508 Washington boul. ; Wm. W. Wells, 89 Warren 
ave.; D. B. Hutchinson, 37 S. Ashland ave. 

Second Precinct. Chas. Heper, 552 Washington boul., R.; Michael 
J. Dunne, 629 W. Monroe; Geo. Silver, 641 W. Madison ; X. O. Howe, 667 W. 
Madison. 

Third Precinct. D. H. Preston. 598 W. Jackson ; E. W. Leroy, 661 W. 
Jackson ; M. D. Talcott, 243 Ashland ave.; C. H. Tarbell, 246 Ogdeii ave.; E. P. 
Moran, 612 W. Jackson. 

Fourth Precinct. L. K. Tucker, 688 W. Monroe ; Robert J. Smith, 688 W. 
Adams ; Geo. P. Holmes, 685 W. Adams ; G. W. Speck, 678 W. Adams; Geo. 
E. Marcy, 681 W. Van Buren. 

Fifth Precinct. M. Baum, 269 S. Wood ; C. H. Horton, 289 S. Paulina ; G. 
W. Rice, 632 W. Van Buren ; C. O. Tower, 582 W. Congress ; John W. Martin, 
264 S. Wood. 

Sixth Precinct. John McLaren, 339 S. Ashland av.; F. J. Gallagher, 442 S. 
Wood ; E. F. Cornell, 454 S. Wood ; W. H. McLaughlin, 386 Hermitage ; Lynn 
Helm, 324 Marshneld ave. 

Seventh Precinct. A. C. Butzow, 532 Ogden ave.; John F. Lyon, 98 De- 
Kalb ; John H. Syman 20 Birch ; F. W. Grahn, 94 DeKalb ; Thos. H. McCar- 
thy, 905 W. Twelfth. 

Eighth Precinct. F. W. Messenbrink, 459 Ogden ave.; Peter Casey, 7 Lex- 
ington ; Bernard J. McNulty, 348 S. Robey ; Henry Kuby, 921 W. Polk ; 
Frederick Barton, 475 Ogden ave. 

Ninth Precinct. W. S. Elliott, Jr., 418 Idaho ; E. L. Wright, 444 Idaho; 
Thomas Haydon, 418 Oakley ave.; A. B. Baldwin, 985 W. Polk ; E. P. Haydon, 
418 S. Oakley. 

Tenth Precinct. M. B. Gifford, 299 S. Robey : George Moss, 833 W. Con- 
gress ; John Hayes, 270 Winchester ave.; J. H. Barnett, 261 Hoyne av.; Wm. 
Norris, 301 Winchester ave. 

Kli'rcnth Precinct. M. J. Fitch, 85 Seeley ave.; Adam Weaver, 109 Seeley 
ave.; Chas Chamberlin, 804 Jackson ; W. H. Rose, 71 Seeley ave.; Arthur Grey, 
707 W. Van Buren. 

Twelfth Precinct. E. F. Allen, 886 W. Adams: Walter S. Bogle, 228 
Irving pi.; John A. J. Kendig, 207 S. Hoyne ave.; James B. Muir, 844 W. 
Adams ; J. B. Edwards, 808 W. Adams. 

T1:irt?enth Precinct. N. R. Wakeneld, 834 W.Monroe; C. H. Osborn, 
839 W. Adams; Chas M. Caswell, 786 W. Madison ; W. O. Ludlow, 144 Hoyne 
av.; John P. Heath, 850 W. Madison. 

Fourteenth Prreiin /.. J. B. McDonald, 738 Monroe; John W. Eckart, 719 
Adams; Wm. G. Miller, 254 Warren ave.; A. Strayer, 151 Winchester ave.; Mor- 
ris Wolf, 698 W. Mor.roo. 

Fifteenth Precinct. W. G. Wood, Park ave. and Lincoln ; Chester Warner, 
635 Washington boul.; D. R. Cameron. K50 Washington boul.; E. F. Sabin, 614 
Washington boul.; Fred Reitche, 6*3!* Washington boul. 

Sixteenth Precinct. L. A. Hall, 821 W. Madison; Jacob Birk, 218 Park 
ave.; I N. Stiles, 263 Warren ave.; R. M. Staurt, 813 W. Madison ; H. Lavis, 
809 W.Madison. 

Seventeenth Precinct. S. G. Willard, 851 Washington boul.; W. G. Mor- 
ris, 835 WlLake ; Columbus A. Orvis, 384 Park ave.; N. R. Kendall, 3 S. Hoyne; 
E. S. Cummings, 343 Park ave. 



THE NEW ELECTION LAW. 57 

Eighteenth Precinct . Wm. P. Wing, 935 W. Madison ; Win. M. Brewer, 
438 Warren ave.; L. H. Buckbee, 776 Washington boul'; W. B. Smith, Warren 
ave. and Oakley ; J. McAndrews, Jr., 890 Washington boul. 

Nineteenth Precinct. - Oscar Huyck, 1009 W. Lake ; George A. Black, 595 
Warren ave.; Frank Holland, 1015 W. Madison ; C. W. Leavitt, 4'J8 Warren 
ave.; E. Falvey, 928 Washington boul. 

Twentieth Precinct. B. Van Buren, 1249 Madison; James Clinton, 1183 
W. Madison ; Homer J. Lefebre, 941 Warren ave.; George W. Spofford, Madi- 
son near Garfield Park ; Richard K.Walsh, 1157 Madison. 

Tiventu-firtt Precinct. James Burns, 1183 W. Van Buren ; J. W. Ostrun- 
der. 1077 Monroe ; W. Strippelman, 1079 W. Monroe ; Jabez Burns, 1183 W. 
Madison ; John Sherman, 1090 W. Madison. 

Twenty-Second Precinct. W. J. Hemstreet, 999 W. Adams; D. Kennedy, 
1006 W. Monroe ; T. H. North, 1001 W. Monroe ; N. J. Gregg, 1018 W. Madison; 
Chas. Chenowith, 981 W. Adams. 

Twenth-third Precinct. L. D. Hammond. 928 W.Adams; C. H. Crane, 
243 Campbell ave.; James O'Day, 1022 Jackson ;. S. S. Phelps, 184 S. Western 
ave.; Sherman P. Cody, 1047 W. Jackson. 

Twentii-foiirth Precinct. Francis T. Colby, 275 Campbell ave.; Frank I. 
Darling, 1159 Lexington; S. Remmington, 1172 Lexington ; W. S. Hatfleld,348 
Campbell ave.: A. M Danforth, 1024 W. Congress. 

Twenty-fifth Precinct . G. A. Coffman, 1180 Harvard; A.W.Clark, 1156 
Harvard ; E. Carqueville, 1080 W. Polk ; I. D. Clark, 1147 W. Taylor ; R. Ma- 
hon, 12th, near California ave. 

Twenty-sixth Precinct. D. H. Jones, 1278 W. Monroe ; John Ryan, 1338 
W. Jackson : M. Kellter, 1407 Fillmore ; Jerome Wiltsie, 1233 Wilcox ave.; B. 
F. Remmington, 1284 W. Van Buren. 

THIRTEENTH WARD. 

First Precinct. Thomas Rodgers, 481 Ohio, D.; H. Grusendorf, 495 W. 
Chicago ave., R.; O. Corqueville, 371 W. Huron, R.; J. J. Wheeler, 437 W. 
Erie, D.; Frank Sitts, 444 W. Erie, R. 

Second Precinct. A. l?hnake, 627 W. Chicago ave., D.; Christ McGrath. 
467 Huron, D.; C. W. Blatcherwick, 529 W. Erie, R.: P. O. Donnell, 467 Hu- 
ron, D.; W. R. Hei-on, 592 \V T . Erie, R. 

Third Precinct. Miles Kennedy, 670 W. Erie, R.; C. McGuir, 259 N. West- 
ern ave., R.; John Howard, 203 N. Robey, D.; Th. D. Brosman, 867 Superior, 
D.; Wm. Bird, 240 N. Western ave., R. 

Fourth Precinct. P. B. Sheil, 54 Indiana, D.; Thomas H. Higgins, 18 Os- 
born, D.; Capt. D. D. Tompkins, .35 Broom, R.; Thomas Quirk, 565 Indiana, 
D.; Geo. Sampson, 495 Austin ave., R. 

/'(/// /')( cini-t. M. Finnegan, 056 W. Indiana, R.: H. B. Murdock, 611 In- 
diana, R.; J. R. Bm-han, 627 Indiana, D.; Henry Collins, 580 Ohio, D.; Philips. 
Runyon, 609 Indiana, R. 

Sixth Precinct. L. Hazzard, 101 Emerson ave., D.; John Holland, 699 W. 
Indiana, D.; Wm. Tomlinson, 715 W. Indiana, R.; John Phelan, 69it W. Indi- 
ana, D.; James V. Bi.ssell, 715 W. Indiana, R. 

Seventh Precinct. Thomas Mannix, 116 Diller, R.; Reuben Slayton, 808 
Austin ave., R.; David Blackburn, 817 Austin ave., D.; P. J. O'Shea, 809 W. 
Indiana, D.; F. E. Miller, 175 N. Western ave., R. 

Hii/l.tli Prrriiicl. M. Lynch, 532 Austin ave., D.; Rudolph Pape, 590 Aus- 
tin ave., D.; B. G. Gill, 612 Austin ave., R.; A. McKirdy, 112 N. Roby ; W. W. 
Gleason, 546 Austin ave., R. 

Ninth .Precinct. Wm. Reinhardt,673Carrollave.,D.; Capt. W.H. Dobson, 
658 Fulton., R.; Nathan Smith, 680 Fulton, R.; J. B. Fitch, 566 Carroll ave., D.; 
Thomas B. Moore, 692 Carrol ave., R. 

Tentn Pin-im-t. - John Crowe, 600 W. Lake, D.; W. H. Gallagher, 624 W. 
Lake, D.; James Frake, 631 Fulton, R.; John Harkins, 59 Walnut, D.; Chas. 
A. Stone, 130 Walnut, R. 

/>'/< r> nth Pn-cinrt. Alex. D. Kennedy, 684 Fulton, D.; S. F. Greely, 46 
Hoy no ave., R.; R.'A. Brown, 798 W. Lake, R.; Jno. Boyce, 750 W. Lake, D.; 
L. Stedman, 758 W. Lake. R. 

Twelfth Precinct. Ed Carey, 87 N. Oakley ave., D.; Martin Knowles, 93 
N. Oakley ave., D.; Alpha Rockwell, 81 N. Leavitt, R'; Fred Armstrong, 96 
N. Oakley ave., D.; F. W. Coffin, 81 N. Leavitt, R. 

ThirhmUi Precinct. Jos. C. Halut, 361 Walnut; James N.Clark, 895 
Fulton, R.; Wm. G. ReW. 807 Fulton, R.; P. C. Desmond, 906 W. Lake, D.; 
John M. Oakes, 896 W. Lake, R. 



58 THE POLITICAL HISTORY OF CHICAGO. 

Fourteenth Precinct. W. H. Sullivan, 1088 W. Lake, D.; John B. Rice, 80 
Artesian ave., U.; S. W. Booth, 38 Seymour, R.; Jno. Martin, 37 Western ave.; 
Jas. A. Sackley, 1020 W. Lake, R. 

Fifteenth Precinct. John Collins, 1324 W. Lake, D .; J. E. Davies, 1330 
W. Lake, R.; John J. Douglas, 786 Walnut, R.; E. F. Runyan, Jr., 806 Wal- 
nut, D.: J. C. Satterley, 1345 Fulton, R. 

Sixteenth Precinct. T. J. Devins, 150 N. Hamlin ave., D.; J. Jackson, 
124 Crawford Ave., D.; C. B. Beach, 145 Avers ave., R.; Henry Mather, C. & 
N. W. slx>i>s, D.; C. D. Knies, 42 Avers ave., R. 

FOURTEENTH WARD. 

First Precinct. Fred Marks, 246 Curtis, D.; Fritz Franzen, 296 Milwau- 
kee ave., R.; J. Pederson, cor. Ohio and Morgan, R.;J. H . Corrigan, 204 
Sangamon, D.; Martins Seehaus, 193 W. Erie, R. 

Set-owl Precinct. Aug. Moe, 291 W. Erie, D.; M. Tearney, 175 W. Hu- 
ron, D.; Louis R. Johnson, 206 N. May, R.: John Haffey, 44 Bismarck court, 
D.; James J. Johnson, 206 N. May, R. 

Third Precinct. Geo. Peterson, 9 Temple, D.; Chas. Ruehl, 265 W. Chi- 
cago ave., R.; Carl Holm, 261 W. Chicago ave., R.; Richard Cu Horn, 25 Keith, 
D.; C. H. Duensing, 352 Noble, R. 

Fourth Precinct. August Classen, 451 W. Superior, D.: P. A. Nash, 
244 N. Ashland ave., D.; Wm. C. Eggert, 494 W. Superior, R.: Ernest Ruehl, 
256 W. Huron, D.; John A. Walther, 287 W. Huron, R. 

Fifth Precinct. Wm. Gastfleld, 414 W. Chicago, D.; Henry Bartell, 19 
Rose, R.; Geo. Metz, 133 Cornell, R.; J. Gross, Cornell and Ashland, D.; Ed. 
Metz, 133 Cornell, R. 

Sixth Precinct '. J . Hermann, 544 Milwaukee ave., D.; Henry Smith, 
290 W. Chicago, D.; H . A. Weidell, North Centre av. near Milwaukee ave., 
R.; P. Thommer, jr., 269 W. Chicago, D.; Wm. Frendenstein, 15 Cornell, R. 

Seventh Precinct. B. Schoenemann, 92 Cornell, D.; F. Kloeckner, 628 
Milwaukee ave.; S. Soornbos, 440 Noble, R.; J. B. Schoenemann, 92 Cornell, 
D.; L. Leistekon, 590 Milwaukee ave. R' 

/;.'</.'; f-'i Precinct. Albert Rath, 822 Milwuakee ave., D.; Pat W. Burke, 
526 N. Ashland ave., D.; Geo. Nelson, 462 N. Ashland ave., R.; H Shleoke, 
742 Milwaukee ave., D.; Albert Fisher, 32 Emma, R. 

Nintli Precinct. Wm Roth, 525 N. Ashland ave., D.; Jacob Ziegler, 894 
Milwaukee ave., R.; W. Dreffln, 237 Rumsey, R.; R. H. Dietz, 511 N. Ash- 
land ave., D.; E. Wolff, 280 Rumsey, R. 

Tenth Precinct. John A. Orb, 404 N. Paulina, D.; Peter J. Ellert, 386 
N. Ashland ave., D.: F. Gudehuse, 329 N. Ashland ave., R.; John Block, 146 
Rumsey, D.; Adam Wolf, 155 Rumsey, R. 

Klevcntli Precinct. J. C. Thayer. 696 W. Chicago ave.; H. Boesenberg, 
357 N. Wood, R.; J. M. Blackmann,592 W. Chicago ave., R.; H. Ehlers, 570 W. 
Chicago ave., D.; W. Adloff, Jr., 361 N. Lincoln, R. 

Twelfth Precinct. C. F. Lichtner. U)7 W. Division, D.; J. Barzynski, 309 
W. Division, D.; Theo. Shultze, 306 Augusta, R.; Joseph Faust, 307 W. Divi- 
sion, D.; August Gersb, 493 N Wood, R. 

Thirteenth Precinct.- T. Richards, 39] Gross Park ave., D.; J. W Grosey, 
559 N. Western ave., R.; Chas, M. Oik, 400 Thomas, R.; H. A. Herhold, 502 
Seymour, D.; J. Spanier, 520 N. Western ave., R. 

Fourteenth Precinct. P. J. Thm-man, 704 North ave., D.; Geo. Minett, 819 
Dania ave., D.; P. Laggoni, 690 W. North ave.. R.; John Breaton, 804 W. 
North ave., D.; Wm. Jacobs. 760 Seymour ave., R. 

Fifteenth Precinct. Alf a Harley. 126 Park, D.: Martin Gunderson, 98 
Park, R.; John M. Buehler, 78 Park, R.; Louis Pio, 599 N. Robey, D.; H. 
Wollin, 1160 Milwaukee ave., R. 

Sixteenth Precinct . Thos. Fleming, 51 Marion pi., D.; P. Jackson, 93 Ever- 
green, D.; H. Michaelson, 62 Fowler, R.; Wm. Boethiger, 559 N. Lincoln, D.; 
J. Stanipen, 1020 Milwaukee ave., R. 

Seventeenth Precinct. John Reichman, 1067 Milwaukee ave., D.; J. M. 
Kratise, 989 Milwaukee ave., R.: Henry Hoeppe, 730 N. Wood, R.; W. Mc- 
Carthy. 68 Indiana, D.; C. H. Kirshner, 777 N. Wood, R. 

Kuthteenth Precinct. G. King, 953 Milwaukee ave., D.; J. Mnnz, 58 Bow- 
ars, IX; O. Schoenewald, 909 Milwaukee ave., R.; A. Herm, 1 Elk, D.; Louis 
Miller, 615 N. Ashland ave., R. 

Nineteenth Precinct. T. Corcoran, 29 Commercial, D.; G. Hopkins, 326 
Wahansiaave., R.: Thos. Gregg, 163 Edgar; John Beat}-. Jr. 796 N. Paulina, 
D.; Henry Marbach, 796 N. Robey, R. 



THE NEW ELECTION LAW. 59 

Twentieth Precinct. 3. Burke, 1247 Milwaukee ave., D.; P. J. Reid, North 
ave. and Davis, D.; Henry Versema, 843 N. Robey, R.; John O'Day, 114 Pe- 
terson, D.; J. Freeman, 10 Raymond court, R. 

Twentu-firxt Free (net. Aug. Naarieh, 1477 Milwaukee ave., D.; J. M. 
Poshley, corner Leavitt and Greenwich, R.; L. J. Bull, corner Leavitt and 
Courtland, R.; Thos. Dutfy, 982 N. Leavitt, D.; Wm Becket, 2 Courtland, R. 

Twenty-second Precinct. W. H. Donovan, Jr., 309 Ciyhourn, D.; Wm. 
Timms, 275 Girard, D.; Joseph Roetter, 747 Elston ave., R.; John O'Hara, 795 
Elston ave, D., Wm. Werncke, 204 Armitag-e ave., R. 

Twenty-third Precinct. John J. Barrett, 546 Elston ave., D.; John E. 
Limit, 642 Elston ave., R.; John McNamara, 853 Dickson, R.; John Hallman, 
50 McHenry. D.; Jos. Mclaughlin, 571 Elston ave., If. 

Twenty-fourth Precinct. Joseph Schroedor, N. E. corner Blanche and 
Elston ave., D.; Peter Luka, corner Elston ave. and Fox pi., D.; H. See- 
knnii-, 461 Elston ave., R.; C. Dombrowski, 709 Noble, D.; Michael O'Dea, 
7'.Ki Noble, R. 

Twenty-fifth Precinct. August Kowalski, 606 Noble, D.; Oscar Meister, 
845 Milwaukee, R ; Emil Wilken, 849 Milwaukee, R.; John Norton, 202 Holt 
ave., D.; H. Blockenbrink, 520 Dickson, R. 

Twenty-sixth Precinct. Anton Sherman, 633 Noble, D.; Joseph Niemcye- 
woski, 607 Noble, D.; John Sherman, 52 Bradley, R.; Victor Bardouski, 615 
Noble, D.; Adolph Raul, 46 Augusta, R. 

Twenty-seventh Precinct. Henry Linnemeyer, 499 Noble, D.; Steve Klein, 
749 Milwaukee, R.; Henry Weinecke, 73 W. Division, H.; Anthony Mallek, 
536 Noble, D.: T. Grossman, 27 Crittenden, R. 

Twenty-eighth Precinct. Joseph Keady, Milwaukee and Elston, D.; Gus. 
Gebhardt, 136 Front, D.; Joseph Kowalski, 43 Will, R.; Chas. Stranteur, 104 
George, R.; T. F. Monahan, 29 Elston avo., D. 

Twenty-ninth Precinct. J. Dombrowsky, 318 Sangamon, D.; Michael 
Osuch, 340 N. Carpenter, R.; J. Klossowski, 340 N. Carpenter, R.: H. Polinsky, 
200 W. Chicago a,ve., D.; Jacob H. Marks, 325 X. May, R. 

Thirtieth Preei-nft. n. Blgmund, 447 Milwaukee, I).; U. Grunow, 319 Mil- 
waukee, D.; Chas. Scegur, :i71 Milwaukee, K.; Chas. Cobelli, 165 W. Chicago, 
D.; S. P. Householder, 355 Milwaukee, K. 

Thirtii-Firxt Prcc<nct.Z. Alstrup, 81 and 83 W. Ohio, D.; John Proctor, 
77 W. Ohio, R.; Geo. Peterson, 228 N. Halsted, R.; H. A. Lee, 276 N. Halsted, 
D.; Otto Hansen, 77 W. Ohio, R. 

FIFTEENTH WARD. 

Fir*t Precinct. Elias Shipman, 492 Webster ave., R.; C. G. Strongberg, 
494 Webster ave., R.; J. D. C. Whitney, 453 Belden ave., D.; C. F. Loesch, 488 
Webster ave., R.; S. L. Williams, 778 Larrabee, D. 

Second Precinct. James D. Tyler. 409 Belden ave., R.; P. Schuster, 1023 
N. Halsted. D.; Wm. Kaufman, 293 Lincoln ave., D.; P. R. Downey, 7&5 
Larrubee, D.; F. Y. Gookin, 408 Orchard, K. 

Third Precinct. -Edward Worf, 102 Ward, R.; Brice A. Miller, 194 Racine 
ave., R.; M. J. Sullivan, 210 Racine ave., D.; M. Lemge, 201 Fullerton ave., 
D.: E. F. Baker, 233 Webster, R. 

Fourth Pn-cinct.Ono Hage, 485Southport ave., R.; H. H. Le vis, 87 High, 
D.; Ed. Dailey, 743 Clybourn ave., D.; Wm. Biechler, 729 Clybourn ave., R.; 
Geo. O'Brien, 821 Clybourn ave., D. 

Fifth Precinct. N. Wheeler, 95(5 N.Clark, R.; Thomas Powell, 691 Sedg- 
wick, K.; J. J. Kissinger, 22 Lane pi., D.; F. D. Cook, 535 Garfield ave., R.; C. 
W. Jeanneret, 555 Webster ave., D. 

SMh Precinct.-R. W. Wells, 121 Lincoln ave., R.; W. Clettenberg, 458 
Garfleld ave., D.; L. L. Moody, 459 Garfleld ave., D.; Henry Eck, 217 Lincoln 
ave., It.: Thomas McCabe, 17? Lincoln ave., D. 

Seventh Precinct. August Reebie, 729 Larrabee, R.; W. M, Parror, 294 
Orchard, R.; F. L. Chase, 181 Howe, D.; Ernst Boese, 733 Larrabee, K.; C. 
Worrell, 421 Garfield ave., D. 

Eiahth Precinct. John Dewald, 234 Fremont, H.; W. J. Fairman, 146 Cen- 
ter, D.; Carl Camentz, 180 Center, D.; Robert D. Stave, 188 Fremont, R.; 
.Joseph H. Garcia, 210 Center, D. 

Xinth Precinct. Goo. Rember, 91 Lewis, R.; O. Wermich, 130 Lewis, R.; 
Tim Callahan, 50 Herndon, D.; Ed. Nockin, 101 Webster ave., R.; P . H. 
Healy, 621 Clybourn ave., D. 

Tenth Precinct. James E. Dunn, 20 Lincoln ave., R.; Chas. Mecheke, 712 



60 THE POLITICAL HISTORY OF CHICAGO. 

Wells, D.; Herman Kollmorgen, 31 Lincoln ave., D.; Herman Helde, 735 
Wells, R.; Emil Dietzsch, Jr., 732 Wells, D. 

Eleventh Precinct. C. W. Andrews, 688 N. Park are., R.; Julius F. Ar- 
brand, 58 Lincoln ave., R.; M. D. Rider, 702 N. Park ave., D.; Charles Roell, 
Lincoln ave. and Sedgwick, R.; Wm. Foster, 567 Sedgwick, D. 

Twelfth Precinct. Carl G. Ortmayer, 371 Center, R.; John Sohirra, 602 
Sedgwic'k, D.; J. Dibos, 362 Hudson, D.; Geo. P. Fernald, 383 Center, R.; M. 
Nicholson, 290 Hurlbut, D. 

Ttiii teenth Precir.ct. Henry Eggold, 576 Larrabee, R.; C. W. H. Frederick, 
417 Hurlbut, R.; Peter Wagner, 280 Mohawk, D.; Michael Richter, 572 Lar- 
rabee, R.; John Kelley, 318 Mohawk, D. 

Fourteenth Precinct. A. Topf, 287 Center, D.; John Reiff, 575 Larrabee, 
D.; John Albrecht, 35 Howe, R.; Chas. Wiber, 571 Larrabee, I).; John Rob- 
ran, 20 Willow, R. 

Fifteenth Precinct. 'Nicola Wetzel, 120 Burling, R.; Ferdinard Walter, 
868 Halsted, R.; Louis Hammerstroem, 760 N. Halsted, D.; Urbem Roch, cor- 
ner Orchard and Center, R.; M. Kaufman, 861 N. Halsted, D. 

Sixteenth Precinct. J. Wolf, 193 Center, R.; Fred Happel, 179 Bissell, D.; 
Wm. Schloeder, 209 Dayton, D.; W. J. Reid, 203 Bissell, D.; John Schloeder, 
209 Dayton. D. 

Seventeenth Precinct. Gustave L. Hallberg, 666 La Salle, R.; Robert 
Lindblum, 678 La Salle, R.; M. Franzen, 355 N. ave., D.; A. B. Holsten, 678 
La Salle, D.; Edw. Roelle, 473 Sedgwick, R. 

Eighteenth Precinct. E. Waltzenback, 520 Sedgwick, R.; Fred Licht, 67 
Eugenie, D.; Phil. Manimoser, 67 Eugenie, D.; Otto Richards, 252 Hudson 
ave., R.; Joseph I. Haas, 189 Hudson ave., D. 

Nineteenth Precinct. F. Kesseli, 524 Larrabee, R.; John Schwartz, 442 
Larrabee, R.; Bruno Scherr, 486 Larrabee, D.; Charles Foltz, 267 North aver. 
Mat. Breigenser, 210 Mohawk, D. 

Twentieth Precinct. Henry P. Erber, 717 N. Halsted, R.; August Holfer, 
227 North ave., D.; Jacob W. Williams, 173 North ave., D.; Earl D. Potter, 
743 N. Halsted, R.; Louis Zuber, 755 N. Hulsted, D. 

Twenty-first Precinct. Chas. Hansmer, 409 Clybourn av., R.; W. H. 
Thieleman, 350 Clybourn, R.; Wm. Kurz, 724 N. Halsted', D.; Henry A. Ruf, 
321 Clybourn, R.; Siegmond Stern, 152 Dayton, D. 

Twenty-second Precinct. John Hapman, 413 Clybourn ave., R.; Hugh C. 
McCoy, 132J Kroger, D.; Thomas Reidy, 1215 Kroger, D.; Geo. Fakning, 444 
Clybourn ave., R.; John Quinn, 132 Kroger, D. 

SIXTEENTH WARD. 

First PrccAnct. Philip Henne, 589 Lasalle ave., D,; Wm. Stewart, 623 
Dearborn ave.; R.; Chas. Sheer, 557 LaSalle ave., R.; E. F. Roesch, 16 Grant, 
D.; Arthur Hugunin, 531 LaSalle ave., R. 

Second Precinct. J. E. Warren, 575 Division, D.; F. S, Peabody, Dear- 
born, D.; G. Gothmanshouser, 498 N. Clark, R.; Peter Walterer, 520 N. Clark, 
R.; Bernard Liebling, 44S N. Clark, D. 

Third Precinct. Wm. S. Morse, 472 LaSalle ave. D.: Fred Gund, 521 N. 
Clark, R.; Adolph Muller, 549 N. Clark, R.; Jas. P. Donnelly, 451 LaSalle ave., 
D.; Joseph C. Pollock, 505 Clark, R. 

Fourth Precinct. Wm. Drolge, 35 Beethoven, D.; James Clifford, 24 
Goethe, D.; C. G. Grube, 73 Beethoven, R.; Abraham Stern, 365 Division, D.; 
Otto Wellmann, 39 Beethoven, It. 

Fifth Precinct. John R. Stack, 87 Sigel, D.; Louis W. H. Neebe, 106 
Sigel, 'R.; R. W. Cross, 327 Sedgwick, R.; J. H. Hennessy, 347 Sedgwick, D.; 
James A. Cross, 327 Soda-wick, R. 

Si.rth Precinct. Y. Schallenberger, 570 Wells, D.; A. Rarrer, 68 Wieland, 
D.; Fred Meyer, 104 Wieland, R.; George Kruder, 426 North ave., D.; Henry 
Morlam, 593 Wells. 

Si r. alii Pn:cinct. H. Schorner, 548 N. Market, D.; John G. Meyers. 105 
Schiller, R.; M. Umdenstock, 560 N. Market, R.; J. M. Dollard, 560 N. Frank- 
lin, D.; C. Stemming, 494 N. Franklin, R. 

E/ighth Precinct. C. G. Rattinger, 173 Hurlbut, D.; Mathias Brand, 171 
Hurlbut, D.; H. H. Biederstadt, 107 Mohawk, R.; Peter Adams, 330 North 
ave., D.; R. Biejerstadt, 107 Mohawk, R. 

Ninth Precinct.- John Alsfasser, 48 Hurlbut, D.; G. Schlotthauer, 328 
S-dKwik, R.; F. Rolle, 36 Sigel, R.; J. Schumacher, 384 Sedgwick, D.: John 
Gerluc-k, 330 Sedgwick, R. 



THE NEW ELECTION LAW. 61 

Tenth Precinct. Martin Huels, 354 Larrabee, D.; Anton Graf, 98 Cly- 
bourn ave., D., F. Niebenrall, 340 Larrabee, R.; John Docton, 89 Mohawk, 
D.; E. E. Meyer, 332 Larrabee, It. 

Eleventh Precinct. Henry Merz, 229H Division, D.: F. Krassraan, 10 
Tworaey, R.; Chas. Richter, 39 Clybourn ave., It.; T. Rogerson, 16 Twomey, 
D.; 11. Dettman, 59 Clybourn ave., R. 

Ticelfth Precinct. Mts, 541 Halsted, D.; N T . Pit. Martin Becker, 19 Pleas- 
ant, D.; John Rasmussen, 17 Vine, R.; W. A. Considine, 41 Gardner, D.; Otto 
Honest, 47 Gardner. 

Thirteenth Precinct. Fi-ederick Heimberg, 45 Rees, D.; F. E. Gerbing, 
61 Rees, R.; Henry Berger, 21 Rees, R.; Michael Rold, 53 Rees, D.; Ernst 
Mensding, 36 Rees, R. 

fourteenth Precinct. G. Veidhart, 405 Larrabee, D.; John Neuses, 268 
Blackhawk, D.; Charles Sanfer, 250 North ave., It.; R. Goldsmidt, 365 Larra- 
bee, D.; Henry Kiengle, 293 Larrabee, R. 

Fifteenth Precinct. Peter Ketter, 18 Orchard, D.; Oscar Kohler, 192 
North ave., R.; Fred. Freund, 150 E. North ave., R.; William Phillips, 41 Or- 
chard, D.; James Freund, 150 North ave., R. 

SEVENTEENTH WAHD. 

First Precinct. A Schiffenedor, 330 N. Market, D.; Geo. L. Ward, 238 
Elm, R.; Ernst StocK, 193 Sedgwick, R.; E. Gary, Franklin and Wender, D.; 
Oscar Johnson, 239 Sedgwick, R. 

Second Precinct. Wm. Clark, 261 N. Market, D.; Peter Mahoney, 267 N. 
Market, D.; John Engbery, 145 Sedgwick, R.; Wm. Cullerton, 278 N. Market, 
D.; R. Sennestedt, 143 Sedgwick, R. 

Third Precinct. Henry O'Brien, 134 Chestnut, D.; C. F. Korsell, 111 Chi- 
cago ave., R.; Alex. Boome, 159 Chicago ave., R.; C. Dwyer, 231 N. Market ; 
J. Hough, 135 Chicago ave., R. 

Fourth Precinct. John J. Nolon, 140 Chicago ave., D.; John Hereley, 
152 Chicago ave., D.; L. H. Ellickson, 131 E. Erie, R.; A. R. Honey, 102 E. 
Huron, 1).; W. Ullrick, 122 Superior. 

Fifth Preiinct. John Osborn, 78 Ohio, D.; Aug. Lund, 105 E.Indiana, 
R.; G. W. Ream, 88 N. Franklin, R.; John Gibbins, 55 Ontario, D.; J. Schmel- 
zer, 95 N. Market, R. 

SMh Precinct. Peter Hoban, 55^ N. Market, D.; Thomas Scanlon, 66 
Illinois, D.; F. F. Baker, 56 E. Kinzie, R.; Andrew Miller, 67 Kiuzie, D.; Rich- 
ard Huggard, 18 N. Market, 11. 

Seventh Precinct. Patrick O'Malley, 86 E. Superior, D.; John Larson, 
58 Chicago ave., R.; John Melin, 60 Chicago ave., R.; Eugene O'Boyle, 82 E. 
Huron, D.; George Larson, 18 E. Huron, It. 

Eiyhth Precinct. C. Cremarius, 65 E. Chicago ave., D.; John Dowilla, 49 
Milton ave., D.; A. H. Robinson, 91 Townsend, It.; Ernil Meyer, 13 E. Chicago 
ave., D.; A. Lindberg, 92 Sedgwick, R. 

Ninth Precinct. P. F. Bresland, 210 Sedgwick, D.; G. Nelson, 233 Town- 
send, R.; H. Peterson, 206 Towusend, R.; P. J. Gavin, 240 Townsend, D.; S. E. 
Edman, 225 Townsend, R. 

Tenth Precinct. M. Sweeney, 82 Milton ave., D.; B. Sullivan, 61 Wesson, 
D.; Charles Johnson, 148 Townsend, R.; Frank Gilmore, 107 Milton ave., D.; 
Sam Peterson, 12 Milton ave., R. 

Eleventh Precinct. John Hertges, 135 Larrabee, D.; Frank Scheffele, 98 
Larrabee, R.; JohnLichtenthal, 96 Larrabee, R.; N. Pauly, 124 Larrabee, D.; 
Albert Watzel, 22 Wesson, It. 

Ttnlfth Precinct Thomas Lynch, 16 Chatham, D.; C. Willens, Jr.. 171 
Lnrrabee, D.; Adam Haerle, 184 Wesson, R.; William Bode, 200 Division, D.; 
Win. Muller, 218 E. Division, R. 

Thirteenth Precinct. David Condon, 89 Hickory, D.; K. Eimstadt, 64 E. 
Division, R.; Max Dithbumer, 63 Cherry ave., R.; James Rowan, 332 North 
Branch, D.; O. F. Johnson, 51 Cherry, R. 

EIGHTEENTH AVAUD. 

First Precinct. H. T. Thompson, a5 Bellevue pi.. It.; S. S. Greeley, 60 
Bellevue pi., R.; A. F. Bullen,566 Division, D.; E. F. Lawrence, 64 Bellevue 
ave., D.; Chas. H. Card, 318 N. State, R. 

Second Precinct. L. W. Veesenmeyer, 388 Wells, D.; John H. Pren- 
tiss, 383 La Salle ave., D.; Geo. H. Dauchy, 359 LaSalle ave., R.; P. Blatch- 
ford, 375 La Salle ave.. It.; Christ Jenssen, 4.55 N. Clark. D. 

Third Precinct. H. Bausher, Jr., 384 La Salle av., R.; Sabin Smith, 390 



62 THE POLITICAL HISTORY OF CHICAGO. 

La Salle ave.. R.; Michael Sullivan, 237 Oak, D.; Charles Enclres, 362 Wells, 
D.; Wm. Fuller, 225 Oak, R. 

Fourth Precinct. F. W. Lang, 241 Wells, D.; Nicholas Birren, 171 Chi- 
cago ave., D.; Edw. F. Cragin, 139 Locust, 11.; W. Elmendorf, 322 La Salle 
ave., R.; Wm. Knecken, 289 N. Franklin, D. 

Fifth Precinct. Albert L. Coe, 305 La Salle ave.. It.; Samuel Barrett. 323 
La Salle ave., R.; D. M. Manchester, 244 Chestnut, D.; John Mooney, 267 N. 
Clark, D.; Alex. Johnston, 2(58 La Salle ave., R. 

Sixth Precinct. Capt. J. C. Sullivan, 349 Chestnut, D.; C. N. Fitzhugh, 
257 Dearborn, D .; M. C. Lightner, Union Club, Dearborn ave., R.; F. H. 
Watriss, 242 Dearborn ave., R.; Charles Welter, 264 N. Clark, D. 

Seventh Precinct. J. II. Lake, 218 Cass, R.: Jacob Blatteau, 291 N. State, 
R.; David Burger, 212 Rush, D. ; P. B. Conrad, 296 Rush, D. ; J. H. Huber, 371 
Chestnut, R. 

Eighth Precinct. Conrad Auw, 281 Rush, D.; M. Hartnett, 421 Chestnut, 
D.; Charles Harpel, 390 Oak, R.; Frank C. Farwell, 109 Pierson, R.; Adam 
Reiplinger, 281 Rush, D. 

Ninth Precinct Fred Heinze, 200 Wells, R.; Herman Niether. 193 
Wells, It.; Nicholas Kuhnen, 211 N. Clark, D.; John J. Swenie, 151 Huron, D.; 
R. B. Cadish, 181 E. Superior, R. 

Tenth Precinct. W. M. Howland, 181 Dearborn ave., R.; James H. 
Shields, 303 E. Huron, D. ; Philip Conley, 266 Superior, D. ; John J. Peters, 
195 Dearborn, D.; Adam Best, 205 Dearborn ave., R. 

Eleventh Precinct. William Ewers, 161 Wells, It.; Bern hardt Moss, 182 
Huron, R.; James Conlan, 184 E. Huron, D. ; J. C. Murphy, 160 La Salle ave., 
D.: G. Rathsfield, 183 E. Ontario, R. 

Twelfth Precinct. Thos. D. Jones, 291 E. Ontario, D.; Fred. W. Bleike, 
302 E. Erie, D.; Wm. J. Howland. 301 E. Erie, R.; S. Hutchinson, 299 Erie, 
R. ; Chas. F. Kimball, 297 E. Ontario, D. 

Thirteenth Preeinct. Albert M. Day, 386 E. Erie, It.; F. C. Brown, 393 
E. Superior, R.; S. H. Kerfoot, Jr., 77 Pine, D.; James Quan, 384 E. Erie, D.; 
Henry I. Cobb, 162 Rush, R. 

Fourteenth Precinct. Wm. Byrne, 142 E. Ontario, D.; George Frank, 131 
N. Clark, D. ; D. W. Wilson. 205 E. Ohio, R. ; Theodore Roos, 117 Wells, R. ; 
William Rodgers, 113 E. Ohio, D. 

Fifteenth Precinct. Louis Kretlow, 177 E. Indiana, R.; J. W. Kroger, 
97 N. Wells, R.; J. C. Crow, 175 Indiana, D.; Harry English, 96 Dearborn ave., 
D.; E. J. Burkert, 186 E. Ohio, It. 

Sixteenth Precinct. Henry Leeb, 284 E. Ohio, D.; Julius Ludwig, 245 
Indiana, D.; F. Etheridge, S. W. cor. Ontario and State, R.; S. M. Staples, 
243 E. Ohio, R.; Louis H. Cohn, 245 Indiana, D. 

Seventeenth Precinct. Chas. L. Kirk, 333 E. Ohio, R.; Abbott L. Adams, 
350 E. Ontario, R.; M. A. Devine, 361 Ohio, D.; George D. McLaughlin, 97 
Rush, D.; E. K. Rodgers, Jr., 372 Ontario, R. 

Eighteenth Precinct. Frencis Hettingcr, 147 Illinois, D.; Henry O. 
Laughlin, 124 E. Indiana, D.; Rufus Chapin, 78 Dearborn ave., R.; Geo. C. 
Weckerle, 86 N. Wells; John E. Harris, 94 Wells, D. 

Nineteenth Precinct. Fred. S. Comstock, 48 Rush, R.; Louis C. Huck, 292 
E. Indiana, R.; Thomas Mackin, 276 E. Indiana, D.; Henry A. Arnd, 66 N. 
State, D.; L. F. Stewart, 54 Rush, H. 

Twentieth Precinct . Fred Weseman, 68 LaSalle ave., D. ; Watson Ruddv, 
50 Wells, D.; Louis Hoake, 74 Wells, It.; W. R. Bentley, 51 Wells, R.; Thomas 
Scullen, 137 Michigan, D. 

Twenty-nrt Precinct. L. L. Wadsworth, 252 Michigan, R.; C. Zschuppe, 
168 Michigan, R.; Edw. Dwyer, 256 E. Kinzie, D.; John McCormick, Room 
9, Ewing Block, D.; Howard Corwin, 16 Rush, R. 

Tiventii-xccond Precinct . M. McNulta, Rush & Michigan, D.; Michael J. 
Condon, 47 Rush, D.; F. W. C. Hayes, 43 Rush, R.; John H. Rood, 43 Rush, 
R.; George Murray, 313 Michigan, D. 

FILLING VACANCIES ON THE BOARD. 

Election Commissioners Daniel Corkery, Norman 
Bridge, and Theodore Oehne, selected the following to fill 
vacancies for the Cook County election on the first Tues- 
day of November, 1886. 



THE NEW ELECTION LAW. 63 



FIRST WARD. 

Second Precinct. James R. Smith, Brings House, D., judge, vice 
Louis Klein (removed out of precinct). 

Third Precinct. W. A. Ruff, 143 LaSalle, R., judge, vice B. M. 
Davenport (removed out of precinct). James Feltham, 128 Clark, R., clerk, 
vice John C. Wallace (removed out of precinct). 

Fourth Precinct. Charles Boy kin, 73 E. Monroe, D., judge, vice Wil- 
liam Phillips (letter carrier). George A. Harris, ISOState, D., clerk, vice E. 
C. Kohler (removed out of precinct). 

Sixth Precinct. H. C. Kuill, Hotel Brunswick, D., clerk, vice Thomas 
B. Loring (removed). 

Eighth Precinct. Michael Fitzgerald, 54 and 56 Fourth ave., D., judge, 
vice John Griffin (removed to 45 Third ave.). A. B. Case, 201 Clark, R., 
clerk, vice Oscar Odelius (removed to 209 Van Buren). 

Tenth Precinct. John Daley, 157 E. Van Buren, R., judge, viceB. R. 
Hall (removed to 724 Van Buren). Benjamin Freeman, 165 Van Buren, R., 
clerk, vice Joseph Vanderbort (removed) . 

SECOND WARD. 

First Precinct. Charles A. Wathies, 363 Fifth ave., vice A. Heller 
(relieved), R., judge. 

Third Precinct. Max L. Nedell, 377 Wabash ave., vice M. L. Crawford 
(relieved), D., judge. 

Sixth Precinct. J. G. Kearney, 466 State, vice J. E. Jones (relieved), 
R., judge. C. S. Moyinhan, 436 State, vice W. P. Murphy (relieved), D., 
clerk. H . P. Symms, 211 Third ave. , vice George Grimes (relieved), R. , clerk. 

Seventh Precinct. Samuel C. Cooley, 542 State, vice John Ward (re- 
lieved), D., clerk. 

Ninth Precinct. Peter Spooner, 1448 State, vice Thomas Waters (re- 
lieved), D., clerK. 

Tenth Precinct. H. P. Caldweil, 3 Lake Park pi., vice W. G. Bailey 
(relieved), R., clerk. 

Eleventh Precinct. Patrick Sanders, 1312 Wabash ave., vice B. F. 
Bruce, Jr. (relieved), D., judge. 

Twelfth Precinct. William Croak, 1538 Indiana ave., vice H. A. Wilder 
(relieved), D., clerk. 

Thirteenth Precinct. W R. Hubbs, 1521 Wabash ave., vice J. M. Gil- 
lispie (relieved), R., judge. J. J. Hennebery, 1515 States, vice J. J. Ryan 
(relieved), D., clerk. 

THIRD WARD. 

First Precinct. W. C. Grant, 1610 Indiana ave., R., judge, vice J. H. 
Fay, 1633 Wabash ave. (removed from precinct). James Arrall, 1608 Indi- 
ana ave., D. clerk, vice Joseph Connolly (removed from precinct). 

Second Precinct. James Hickey, 1715 Dearborn. D., judge, vice Moses 
G. Flood (removed from precinct) . Joseph Seitz, 164 E. Eighteenth, D., 
judge, vice Frank Brust (removed from precinct). 

Sixth Precinct. John B. Mayo, 2312 Calumet ave., R., judge, vice A. 
W. Crouch (removed from precinct) . Charles A. Neal, 2256 Cottage Grove 
ave., R., clerk, vice Thomas Crouch (removed from precinct). 

Eighth Precinct. -Samuel R. Wolfe, 119 E. Twenty-first, D., judge, vice 
J. D. O'Neil (removed from precinct). 

Eleventh Precinct. Kaufman Hexter, 2513 AVabash ave., D., clerk, vice 
R. L. Bentley (removed from precinct). 

FOURTH WARD. 

Fifth Precinct. Charles H. Baker, 3008 Lake Park ave., R., judge, vice 
Eli Smith (removed from precinct). 

Sixth Precinct. Charles Hutchinson, 3011 Prairie ave., D., judge, vice 
Edmund Olmstead (removed from precinct). 

Eighth Precinct. John Geary, 362 Thirtieth, D., judge, vice August C. 
.Miller (removed from precinct). 

Ninth Precinct. Parley B. Foskett, 3112 Butterfleld, R., judge, vice 
Wm. H. Elliott (removed from precinct). (Jeorge F. Farrar, 3130 Dearborn, 
11., clerk, vice Charles J. Whitfleld (Government employe). 

Tenth Precinct. Ed. A. Ciidahy, 3244 Indiana ave., D., judge, vice 



64 THE POLITICAL HISTORY OF CHICAGO. 

William H. Condon (removed from precinct). Michael W. Wolf, 3156 Wa- 
bash are., R., clerk, vice W. P. Anderson (removed from precinct). 

Twelfth Precinct. Matson Hill, 3223 Groveland ave., It., judge, vice 
George H. Sidwell (removed from precinct). 

Thirteenth Precinct. Richard H. Smart, 166 Thirty-fourth, R., clerk, 
vice J. N. Buchannan (removed from precinct). 

Fifteenth Precinct. Edward Henncssy, 3301 State, D., clerk, vice Hugh 
P. Moran (excused). 

Sixteenth Precinct. Frank E. Silvcy, 3530 State, R., clerk, vice Gilbert 
E. Porter (removed from precinct). 

Seventeenth Precinct. Joseph Marks, 3742 State, D., clerk, vice James 
D. Johnson (excused), William H. FairbanK, 3718 State, R., clerk, vice 
Charles A. Shirley (removed from precinct). 

Twentieth Precinct. J. W. Helm, 3633 Ellis Park ave., D., judge, vice 
John W. Horton (removed from precinct). 

Twenty-first Precinct. Peter H. Witt, 3806 Vincennes ave., R., judge, 
vice Charles G. French (removed from precinct.) 

FIFTH WARD. 

Second Precinct. William AVeiss, 464 Twenty-second, vice Peter J. 
Lass (relieved), R., clerk. 

Eighth Precinct. William Spate, 2642 Wentworth ave., vice R. F. 
Brink (relieved), R., judge. 

Ninth Precinct. James Linnett, 2831 Shields ave., vice John N. Dubach 
(relieved), D. judge. 

Tenth Precinct. George M. Eichen, 2922 Wentworth ave., vice John A. 
Ryan (relieved), D., clerk. 

Eleventh Precinct. Edward McTiernan, Jr., 3246 Wentworth ave., vice 
JohnH. Darrow (relieved), D., clerk. 

Sixteenth Precinct. Charles Utesch, 3128 Hanover, vice John O'Connor 
(relieved), R., judge. 

Eighteenth Precinct. John Farley, 3041 Lowe ave., vice John A. Sulli- 
van (relieved), D., clerk. 

Twenty-first Precinct. C. W. Smith, 2401 Hanover, vice C. M. Cotter 
(relieved), R., clerk. 

Twenty-fourth Precinct. J. J. Quinn, 3019 Poplar ave., vice Redmond 
Langan (relieved), D., clerk. 

Twenty-fifth Precinct. James Finnegan, 928 Thirty-eighth, vice James 
P. A. McDonough (relieved), D., judge. 

SIXTH WARD. 

Fourth Precinct. William Murphy, 841 S. Halsted, vice Patrick O'Neil 
(relieved), D., judge. 

Eighth Precinct. Vladimir Cerviny, 206 W. Twentieth, vice Matt 
Wrona (relieved), R., clerk. 

Tenth Precinct. Matt P. Sullivan. 394 Center ave., vice Christian R. 
Walledk (relieved), D., clerk. 

Twelfth Precinct. Henry Bartels, 673 Blue Island ave., vice Charles R. 
Hall (relieved), R., clerk. 

Thirteenth Precinct. Bat Baldwin, 2 Dale place, vice Charles Ahlgrun 
{relieved), D., clerk. 

Fifteenth Precinct. William Collins, Jr., 664 W. Twentieth, vice David 
McGann (relieved), D., clerk. 

Seventeenth Precinct. William Kasch, 873 Twenty-first, vice Albert 
Bary (relieved), R., judge ; Fred C. Engel, 839 Twenty-first, vice Charles 
Kasch (relieved), R., clerk. 

Eighteenth Precinct. Sebastian J. Wallner, Robey, near Blue Island 
ave., vice John Lillig (relieved), R., clerk. 

Nineteenth Precinct. Charles Abrahamson, 1100 Western ave., vice 
Victor Carlson (relieved), R., judge. John Burns, California ave. and Illi- 
nois Canal, D., clerk, vice J. Hoffman (removed from precinct). 

SEVENTH WARD. 

Third Precinct. Simon Brew, 621 S. Canal, vice J. McMalrow (relieved), 
D., judge. E. E. Roseubach, 627 S. Canal, vice L. Corten (relieved), R., 
Judge. 

Seventh Precinct. Jas. C. Flanagan, 10 Dussold, vice L. J. Niehoff (re- 



THE NEW ELECTION LAW. 65 

lieved), D., clerk. H. C. Andree, 489 S. Jefferson, vice John Schneider (re- 
lieved), K., clerk. 

Eighth Precinct. Wm. A. Love, 108 Newberry ave., vice R. V. Ken- 
nedy (relieved), R., judge. 

Ninth Precinct. Thos. O'Donnell, 89 Johnson, vice F. E. Percy (re- 
lieved), D., clerk. 

Fourteenth Precinct. Wm. F. Meyer, 301 Blue Island ave., vice Jas. 
O'Harra (relieved), K., clerk. 

EIGHTH WAKD. 

First Precinct. Fred Kohl, 108 W. Van Buren, vice E. H. Menzie (re- 
lieved), D. judge. 

Second Precinct. James Daley, 21 Pierce, vice J. F. Kevil (relieved), 
D., clerk. Ed. Hale, 39Depuyster, vice J. Z. Ritman (relieved), R., clerk. 

Third Precinct. Thos. Hutehings, 219 S. Halsted, vice E. Keogh (re- 
lieved), D., judge. R. D. Peacock, 198 Peoria, vice W. D. Fitch (relieved), 
R., judge. 

Fourth Precinct. Conrad Durborow, 216 Morgan, vice F. Dermondy, 
(relieved), D., clerk. 

Fifth Precinct. Jacob Powell, 148 Throop, vice J. F. McGuire (re- 
lieved), D. judge. J. H. Benz, 352 Congress, vice J. B. Carter (relieved), R., 
judge. G. O. Guy, 428 W. Van Buren, vice C. M.Peebles (relieved), R., 
clerk. 

Sixth Precinct. Frank Crowe, 194 Aberdeen, vice John Van Persyn (re- 
lieved), It., clerk. 

Seventh Precinct. John Hallinan, south-east cor. Sholto and Harrison, 
vice M. J. O'Brien (relieved), D., clerk. 

Eighth Precinct. M. P. Dunlap, 42 Blue Island ave., vice Otto Ulricks 
(relieved), D., clerk. 

Eleventh Precinct. Philip Weinheimer, 403 Clinton, vice Henry Kilie 
(relieved), R., judge. J. O'Day, 90 Forquer, vice John Schwartz (relieved), 
R., clerk. 

Fourteenth Precinct. Walter Cahill, 291 W. Taylor, vice John Adams 
(relieved), D., judge. 

Fifteenth Precinct. Patrick Jordon, 106 Sholto, vice L. Waltersdorf (re- 
lieved), D., judge. 

Eighteenth Precinct. Morris McDonnel, 123 Lytle, vice H. J. Armstrong 
(relieved), D., judge. 

Nineteenth Precinct. W. J. Fassett, 401 S. May, vice Patrick H. Com- 
miskey (relieved), D., judge. 

Twentieth Precinct. M. Dwyer, 191 Blue Island ave., vice William J. 
O'Brien (relieved), D., clerk. William P. Zremsen, 194 Blue Island ave., vice 
Charles Walters (relieved), R., clerk. 

NINTH WARD. 

Second Precinct. George McConnell, 209 S. Clinton, vice Felix J. Ken- 
nedy (relieved), D., clerk. 

Fourth Precinct. John Conley, 169 Desplaines, vice Gabriel Farrell (re- 
lieved), D., judge; J. W. Burns, 92 W. Quincy, vice William Spruce (relieved), 
D., judge. 

Fifth Precinct. James McKirkley, 179 W. Adams, vice Harry Ennis 
(relieved), R., judge. 

Sixth Precinct. E. L. Bradley, 178 W. Madison, vice G. J. Cassells, 
R., clerk. 

Seventh Precinct. W. C. Nelson, 75 W. Monroe, vice L. R. Puffer (re- 
lieved), R., clerk. 

Eighth Precinct. Edward F. Heinze, 154 W. Randolph, vice Fr. Boemer 
(relieved), R., judge. William McCauley, 19 Waldo pi., vice James H. Mc- 
Cauley (relieved), D., judge. Edward H. Brown, 178 W. Randolph, vice John 
Konold (relieved), R., clerk. James Malloy, 157 W. Washington, vice John H. 
Duffv (relieved), D., clerk. 

Tenth Precinct. C. C. P. Holden, 20 Aberdeen, vice Charles R. Frizell 
(relieved), L)., judge. 

Eleventh Precinct. Andrew Stack, 107 S. Morgan, vice J. B. Craur (re- 
lieved), R., judge. 

Twelfth Precinct William Sollitt, 137 S. Green, vice H. M. Fitzer (re- 
lieved), R., judge. Martin Powers, 170 Sangamon, vice J. McCarthy (relieved), 
D., judge. 



66 THE POLITICAL HISTORY OF CHICAGO. 



TENTH WARD. 

Third Precinct. Thomas Gallagher, 108 Austin ave., vice M. J. Canning 
(relieved), D., clerk. 

Fourth Precinct. James Wilmot, 190 N. Green, vice Christ Henrich 
(relieved), D., judge. 

Fifth Precinct. E. C. Christensen, 168 W. Indiana, vice C. O. Kindley 
(relieved), D., judge. Alfred C. Woolson, 183 N. Curtis, vice C. S. Wilson (re- 
lieved), D., judge. Richard S. Shea, 139 N. Morgan, vice E. J. Dwyer (re- 
lieved), D., clerk. 

Sixth Precinct. C. H. Arnold, 299 W. Randolph, vice William H. Ralston 
(relieved), D., judge. 

Tenth Precinct. Louis Cohen, 7 W. Randolph, vice Abe Franks (re- 
lieved), D., clerk. 

ELEVENTH WARD. 

First Precinct. Richard J. Sinnott, 41 Hunt, vice J. F. Crowley (re- 
lieved), D., clerk. 

Second Precinct. John Sleight, 336 W. Indiana, vice John Navin (re- 
lieved), D.. clerk. 

Third Precinct. Roger J. Gorman, 400 Austin ave., vice William W. 
Howe (relieved), D., clerk. 

Fourth Precinct. Joseph Speight, 346 Carroll ave., vice Thomas Shaw 
(relieved), R., judge. 

Sixth Precinct. James H. Field, 435 Washington boul., vice George W. 
Campbell (relieved), R., clerk. 

Eighth Precinct. Frederick C. Story, 43 S. Curtis, vice P. M. Baumgard- 
ner (relieved), R., clerk. 

Tenth Precinct. Joseph Cella, 545 W. Madison, vice Charles Degenhardt 
(relieved), D., judge. 

Twelfth Precinct. Peter L. Mooney, 446 Jackson, vice M. D. Flaherty 
(relieved), D., clerk; W. T. Keener, 107 Loomis, vice Frank E. Whitman (re- 
lieved), R., clerk. 

Thirteenth Precinct. Charles A. Dew, 19 Center ave., vice B. C. Hayman 
(relieved), R., judge. John Monahan, 406 W. Madison, vice Thomas J. Coch- 
ran (relieved), D., clerk. 

Fourteenth Precinct. W. W. Thompson, 344 W. Adams, vice Charles A. 
Wortman (relieved), D., judge. 

TWELFTH WARD. 

First Precinct. R. E. Jenkins, 36 Park ave., vice E. D. Wilder (relieved), 
R., judge. 

Second Precinct. W. W. Thumser, 665 W. Madison, vice X. O. Howe 
(relieved), D., clerk. 

Third Precinct. D. J. Flannery, 606 Adams, vice D. H. Preston (re- 
lieved, R., judge. 

Fourth Precinct. J. W . Enright, 713 Jackson, vice G. P. Holmes (re- 
lieved), D., judge. 

Seventh Precinct. C. B. Youngman, 50 Cypress, vice T. H. McCarthy 
(relieved), R., clerk. 

Thirteenth Precinct.- J. Lingsweiler, 834 Madison, vice C. M. Caswell 
(relieved), D., judge. 

Fifteenth Precinct. Walpole Wood, 141 Park ave., vice E. F. Sabin (re- 
lieved), R., clerk. 

Eighteenth Precinct. M. D. Rapp, 740 Washington boul., vice W. P. 
Wing (relieved), R., judge. 

Nineteenth Precinct. William Steel, 1059 Madison, vice E. Falvey (re- 
lieved), D., clerk. 

Twentieth Precinct. James Duffy, 35 Gross Terrace, vice H. J. LeFebre 
(relieved), D., judge. 

Twenty-first Precinct. Thomas McMahon, 1144 Madison, vice E. C. Van 
Wagener (relieved), D., judge. 

Twenty-second Precinct. E. C. Brennan, 166 Campbell ave., vice C. 
Chenowith (relieved), R., elerk; William O'Keefe, 1018 Madison, vice W. J. 
Gregg (relieved), D., clerk. 

Twenty-third Precinct. T. H. Agnew, 1067 Jackson, vice J. S. Phelps 
(relieved), D., clerk. 

Twenty-fourth Precinct. P. H. Quaid, No. 1230 Lexington ave., vice J. 
Jacobson (relieved), D., judge. 



THE NEW ELECTION LAW. 67 

Twenty-sixth Precinct. P. Bauld, 1376 Van Buren, vice J. Wiltsie (re- 
lieved), R., clerk. E. H. Menzie, 1362 Jackson, vice B. F. Remington (re- 
lieved), D., clerk. 

THIRTEENTH WARD. 

Fourth Precinct. John E. Dooley, 565 Austin ave., vice T. Quirk (re- 
lieved), D., clerk. Zohrab Dixon, 533 Indiana, vice George Sampson (re- 
lieved), R., clerk. 

Fifth Precinct. L. F. Kiehn, 62 Emerson aye., vice H. B. Murdock (re- 
lieved), R., judge. John Hays, 553 W. Ohio, vice Henry Collins (relieved), 
D.. clerk. M. H. Smith, 604 Indiana, vice P. S-. Runnion (relieved), R., clerk. 

Seventh Precinct. George Bornhardy, 160 N. Western ave., vice It. 
Slayton (relieved), R., judge. 

Twelfth Precinct. John F. Slavin, 895 Carroll ave., vice Ed. Carey (re- 
lieved), D., judge. 

FOURTEENTH WARD. 

Fifth Precinct. Eugene Casselman, 406 W. Chicago ave., vice J. Gross 
relieved), D., clerk. 

Seventh Precinct. Peter Lambin, 34 Cornell} vice B. Snoeneman (re- 
lieved), D., judge. 

Eighth Precinct. Wm. J. H. Niestadt, 5 Tell pi., vice Geo. Nelson (re- 
lieved), R., judge. 

Ninth Precinct. L. Allen, 23 Mantene court, vice Wm. Rath (relieved), 
D., judge. J. Gremly, 476 N. Paulina, vice E. Wolff (relieved), R., clerk. 

Eleventh Precinct. D. Sullivan, 377 N. Wood, vice J. C. Thayer (re- 
lieved), D., judge. James Patten, 109 Rice, vice A. Adeloff, Jr. )relieved), 
R., clerk. 

Twelfth Precinct. Louis Etzel, 349 W. Division, vice J. Barzyuski (re- 
lieved), D., judge. 

Fourteenth Precinct. T. J. Van Ulick, 830 N. California ave., vice Wm. 
Jacobs (relieved), R., clerk. 

Fifteenth Precinct. John Emerson, 33 Ewing pi., vice L. Pio (relieved), 
D., clerk. Charles Zoerger, 84 Le Moyne, vice H. Wollin (relieved), R., 
clerk. 

Twenty-seventh Precinct. A. Franke, 723 Milwaukee ave., vice H. Wi- 
eneke (relieved), R., judge. 

Twenty-ninth Precinct. H, Mohlman, 327 N. May, vice J. H. Marks 
(relieved), R.. clerk. 

Thirtieth Precinct. Herman Fitch, 337 Milwaukee ave., vice S. S. House- 
holder (relieved), R., clerk. 

Thirty-first Precinct. F. A. Hewll, 368 N. Halsted, vice J. Z. Alstrup 
(relieved), D., judge. 

FIFTEENTH WARD. 

First Precinct. J. F. Fullen, 588 Hurlbut, vice M. B. Herbert (relieved), 
D., Clerk. 

Fifth Precinct. C. H. Curtis, 417 Center, vice N. J. Wheelert (relieved), 
R,, clerk. 

Eighth Precinct. A. B. Vernon, 327 Dayton, vice R. D. Stave (relieved), 
R., clerk. 

Thirteenth Precinct. R. M. Wahler, 302 Mohawk, vice M. Richter (re- 
lieved), R., clerk. 

Fourteenth Precinct. Henry Luth, 519 Larrabee, vice C. Weiber (re- 
lieved), D., clerk. 

Fifteenth Precinct. H. Spathold, 121 Burling, vice N. Wetzel (Relieved), 
R., judge. H. D. Boyden, 864 N. Halsted, vice M. Kautfman (relieved), D., 
clerk. 

Seventeenth Precinct. F. J. Rinn, 641 N. Wells, vice L. G. Hallberg (re- 
lieved). R., judge. A. M. Richley, 641 N. Wells, vice A. B. Holson (relieved), 
R., clerk. 

Twenty-first Precinct. - F. Mueller, 374 Clybourn ave., vice H. A. Ruf (re- 
lieved), R., clerk. 

SIXTEENTH WARD. 

First Precinct. Charles Wippo, 573 N. Clark, R., clerk, vice A. Hugunin 
(removed from precinct). 



68 THE POLITICAL HISTORY OF CHICAGO. 

Second Precinct. Charles Dennehy, 435 Dearborn ave., D., judge, vice 
B. Niebling (excused, candidate). 

Fifth Precinct. C. H. Swartz, 19 Goethe, R., clerk, vice J. A. Cross (re- 
moved from Precinct). 

Twelfth Precinct. Albert Sievert, 231 Larrabee, R., judge, vice John 
Rasmussen (removed from precinct). 

Fourteenth Precinct. H. B. Koch, 236 North ave., R., clerk, vice H. C. 
Kinzie (removed from precinct). 

Fifteenth Precinct. Ernst Hediniger, 170 North ave., D., clerk, vice Wm. 
Phillipps (removed from precinct). 

SEVENTEENTH WARD. 

Second Precinct. John Bygren, 142 Sedgwick, vice John Engberg (re- 
lieved), R., judge. . 

Third Precinct. J. McMahon, 241 N. Market, vice H. O'Brien (relieved), 
D., judge. M. Vaughn, 168 Chestnut, vice C. Dwyer (relieved), D. clerk. 

Fourth Precinct. John McCole, 162 N. Market, vice A. R. Honey (re- 
lieved), D., clerk. 

Fifth Precinct. P. McNamee, 131 N. Market, vice John Osborne (re- 
lieved), D., judge. Charles Simpson, 125 N. Market, vice J. Schmeizer (re- 
lieved), R., clerk. 

Eighth Precinct. William Handley, jr., 128 Sedgwick, vice John Dowdle 
(relieved), D., judge. 

Ninth Precinct. Peter Conley, 219 Townsend, vice P. F. Bresland (re-' 
lieved), D., judge. William Freeburg, 182 Townsend, vice H. Peterson (re- 
lieved), R., judge. H. Haberle, 186 Sedgwick, vice P. J. Gavin (relieved), D., 
clerk. C. J. Johnson, 210 Townsend, vice S. E. Edman (relieved), R., clerk. 

Tenth Precinct. Ed. Lynch, 62 Mliton ave., vice F. Gilmore, jr. (re- 
lieved), D., clerk. 

Eleventh Precinct. Frank Holtz,90 Larrabee, vice F. Scheffel (relieved), 
R., judge. J. N. Santry, 31 Chicago ave., vice N. Pauly (relieved), D., clerk. 

Thirteenth Precinct. F. O. Jofinson, 117 Hickory ave., vice M. Dittber- 
ner (relieved), R., judge. 

EIGHTEENTH WARD. 

Third Precinct. William D. Smith, 369 LaSalle ave., vice S. Smith (re- 
lieved), R., judge. George Fries, 360 N. Franklin, vice W. I. Fuller (relieved), 
R., clerk. 

Fifth Precinct. T. F. Enright, 218 Chestnut, vice D. W. Manchester (re- 
lieved), D., judge: D. J. Gallery, Jr., 260 LaSalle ave., vice J. W. Mooney, 
(relieved), D., clerk. G. D. Anthony, 230 LaSalle ave., vice A. Johnson (re- 
lieved), R., clerk. 

Seventh Precinct. C. M. Dawes, 31 Pearson, vice J. Blatteau (relieved), 
R., judge. 

Ninth Precinct. M. J. Kelly, 153 Huron, vice J. J. Swenie (relieved), D., 
clerk. 

Twelfth Precinct. R. V. Simms, 236 Huron, vice T. D. Jones (relieved), 
D., judge; A. W. Barnum, 285 Ontario, vice C. F. Kimball (relieved), D., 
clerk. 

Thirteenth Precinct. Francis King, 151 Rush, vice A. M. Day (relieved), 
R., judge. 

Fourteenth Precinct. B. Berhzheimer, 134 Wells, vice D. W. Wilson (re- 
lieved), R., judge. 

Fifteenth Precient. T. B. Boteyle, 152 Ohio, vice H. English (relieved), 
D., clerk. 

Seventeenth Precinct. H. A. Mann, 58 Ohio, vice C. S. Kirk (relieved), 
II., judge. 

Eighteenth Precinct. F. Hettinger, Sr., 147 Illinois, vice F. Hettinger, Jr. 
(relieved), D., judge. 

Nineteenth Precinct. T. J. Gleason, 288 Indiana, vice H. M. Arnd (re- 
lieved), D., clerk. 

Twentieth Precinct. F. W. Thiele, room 4, 27 N. Clark, vice W. R. Bent- 
ley (relieved), R., clerk. 

Twenty-second Precinct. D. Cahill, 315 Illinois, vice M. J. Condon (re- 
lieved), D., judge. H. H. Pond, 55 Rush, vice F. W. C. Hayes (relieved), R., 
judge. F. F. Bullen, flat F, 51 Rush, vice John H. Rood (relieved), R., clerk; 
Frank Murphy, 319 Illinois, vice D. Cahill (relieved), D., clerk. 



A LIVELY FALL CAMPAIGN. 



The voters of Cook county will have reason to remem- 
ber the fall campaign of 1886. The judges of election 
who count the votes will have more reason to remember it. 
No less than four tickets have been placed in the field. 

THE REPUBLICAN TICKET. 

The Republican County Convention met at Battery D 
on August 28. J. L. Woodward called the convention to 
order. Ex-Governor John M. Hamilton was made chair- 
man and John J. Healy secretary. After considerable fig- 
uring the following ticket was nominated: County Treas- 
urer, George R. Davis; Sheriff, Canute R. Matson; County 
Clerk, Henry "Wulff ; County Judge, Mason B. Loomis ; 
Probate Judge, Joshua C. Knickerbocker ; Judges of the 
Superior Court, Rollin S. Williamson, Elliot Anthony, Kirk 
Hawes, Richard S. Tuthill; Clerk of Criminal Court, James 
H. Gilbert ; Clerk of Probate Court, Thomas W. Sennott ; 
County Commissioners, Henry Englehardt, Murray Nelson, 
William Williams, Frank Schubert, J. Frank Aldrich. 

George R. Davis, for County Treasurer, is forty-six years 
of age and is a native of Massachusetts. Enlisting as a 
private in a Massachusetts regiment, he became a captain, 
and, his regiment disbanding, he organized a cavalry regi- 
ment in Rhode Island and commanded it during the Rebel- 
lion. In 1868 he entered the insurance business with 
Robert H. Walker. In 1878 he was elected congressman 
from the second district, was reflected in 1880, and in 
1882 represented the third district. Some people say that 

69 



70 THE POLITICAL HISTORY OF CHICAGO. 

his nomination proclaims a truce between the factions of 
Davis and of Mason in the third district ; Mason having 
been selected for congress in Davis' old place. 

Henry Wulff, for County Clerk, was born in Germany in 
1848. He was at one time the president of the board of 
trustees of the Town of Jefferson. 

James H. Gilbert, for Clerk of the Ciminal Court, was 
born in Toronto, Ont., in 1844. He was admitted to the 
bar in 1867, when he formed a real estate partnership with 
Robert C. Givins. Elected to the reform council in 1875, 
he was acting mayor of the city in 1878. In 1883 he was 
appointed Deputy Collector of Customs. 

Mason B. Loomis, for County Judge, was born in Ohio 
in 1838. He was admitted to the bar in 1861. During his 
stay in Kankakee, in 1868, he was elected District Attor- 
ney. In 1877 he was elected County Judge of Cook 
County, served five years and has since been a member of 
the law firm of Needham & Loomis. 

For County Commissioners: Murray Nelson, the well- 
known board of trade man, declined to run; Henry Engel- 
hardt is a cigarmaker; Frank Schubert is forty-one years 
old and was Collector for the West Town. 

Sketches of others on the ticket will be found elsewhere. 

The prominent feature of the convention was the utter 
depression of the friends of "Jack" Stephens, who not 
only was beaten by Mr. Matson for Sheriff, but lost the 
Criminal Court clerkship which he and his friends con- 
sidered it safe to fall back on. The following circular 
extensively distributed created quite a sensation in political 
circles: 

HEADQUARTERS REPUBLICAN CAMPAIGN 

COMMITTEE, SEPT. 16, 1886. 
To THE TAX PAYERS OP COOK COUNTY: 

Gentlemen, The Republican party appeals to you this 
fall for support. 



A LIVELY FALL CAMPAIGN. 71 

It bases its appeal upon the grand record it lias made in 
the past for honesty and efficiency, and upon the failure of 
the Democratic party to assume responsibility for public 
trusts confided to it. 

Every public office of consequence in this County has 
been administered by faithful Republicans, while corrupt 
or incompetent Democrats claim the credit. 

Democrats claim credit for maintaining the efficiency of 
the police force, but the Chief of Police, Inspector of Police 
aid half of the Captains are Republicans. Democrats claim 
cndit for administering the postoffice properly. 

Everybody knows that the office is really run by the 
Republican Assistant Postmaster and his efficient Republi- 
can subordinates. The alleged Postmaster although a 
Den.ocrat dare not turn out the Assistant Postmaster, for 
the falsity of Democratic claims would then be too 
appa:ent. 

The Chief Deputies of the customs and internal 
reveme offices, and of the county offices are Republicans, 
and aie still retained on account of their efficiency. 

Wly not give credit there where it is due? 

Vo'-e against the pretentious frauds who gain credit for 
the wcrk of Republicans by false pretenses! 

Support the Republican party and its nominees. It is 
not asaamed of its responsibility to the people, and needs 
no aid from Democrats to administer public trusts. 

REPUBLICAN CAMPAIGN COMMITTEE. 

THE DEMOCKATIC TICKET. 

The Democratic County Convention met at the North 
Side Turner Hall on September 15. John Colvin, chair- 
man af the Democratic county central committee, called 
the convention to order. Moses J. Wentworth was elected 
chairnan and Henry J. Murray secretary. A recess was 
takei to 1 : 55 o'clock. County Commissioners were first 



72 THE POLITICAL HISTORY OF CHICAGO. 

nominated as follows: St. Glair Sutherland, John A. 
King, John Dowdle, Bernhard Niebling and Ernst Hum- 
mel. For Superior Court Judges: Egbert Jamieson, Frank 
Baker, John P. Altgelt and Jeremiah Learning were 
nominated. Richard Prendergast was nominated County 
Court Judge and J. C. Knickerbocker, whose name was 
suggested by Judge Prendergast to the convention, and 
who had been already nominated by the Republicans, was 
nominated for Probate Court Judge. It was considered a 
graceful act on the part of Mr. Prendergasfc, who was 
snubbed by the Republican convention. Then followed 
the nomination of County Superintendent of Schools, 
Charles Parker. The great fight occurred over {he 
Shrievalty nomination. When the name of John M. 
Dunphy was mentioned the hall trembled with enihu- 
siasm. The gallery especially was wild. In the midst of 
the uproar Alderman Cullerton arose and nominated 
William Best. Michael Mclnerney was also nominated 
from the Town of Lake. Best was declared the nojiinee 
of the convention, polling 188 votes ; Dunphy 93( and 
Mclnerney 28. Michael Schweisthal was named for Treas- 
urer, James M. Doyle for Clerk of the Criminal, Join W. 
Kleckner for Probate Court Clerk, and Michael Mclierney 
for County Clerk. Mr. Best declined, and John Mattocks 
was substituted. 



John Mattocks is an attorney and ex-county 



missioner. 



For County Commissioners: Mr. Sutherland wa 



corn- 



born 

in Baltimore in 1819, and is an old-time Democrat. He is 
interested in the stone business on the Illinois & Michigan 
Canal. He is above reproach. 

John Dowdle is thirty-two years old, and a natjve of 
Chicago. He is of the stone firm of Robinson, Do\wile & 
McWirter, and is president of the Young Men's Tenper- 
ance Society on the North Side. 



A LIVELY FALL CAMPAIGN. 73 

Bernhard Niebling is a well-known North Side business 
man, and a very prominent Catholic. 

Egbert Jamieson was city attorney and corporation coun- 
sel, and was beaten once by Luther Laflin Mills for state's 
attorney. He is one of Chicago's prominent attorneys. 

Frank Baker was born in Ohio in 1840. He is a first- 
class attorney, held very high offices elsewhere, and was 
defeated by Judge Knickerbocker in the race for the 
Probate Court. 

J. W. Kleckner, for Clerk of the Probate, is very strong 
with the workingmen. He made his mark as President of 
the Street Car Conductors' and Drivers' Association. 

James M. Doyle, for Clerk of the Criminal Court, is an 
old soldier, very popular, and a brother of Austin J. Doyle, 
Ex-Chief of Police and Superintendent of the Chicago Pas- 
senger Eailway Company. 

Michael Schweisthal, for Treasurer, is forty-two, and 
was born in Germany. He is cashier of the International 
Bank, and distinguished himself in the common council 
on the finance committee. 

Michael Mclnerney, for County Clerk, was born in Ire- 
land, and is about thirty-five. He has been identified with 
the stock yards for over twenty years ; was a school trustee 
in the Town of Lake, served a term as postmaster in that 
town, and is a manufacturer of brick, and owns a livery 
stable. He is a very strong candidate. 

Sketches of others on the ticket appear elsewhere. 

A LABOR TICKET. 

The United Labor Convention met in the North Side 
Turner Hall, September 25. At 2:30 p. M., C. F. Seib, 
secretary of the committee of twenty-one, called the con- 
vention to order. After some confusion, C. G. Dixon was 
elected chairman by a vote of 299. The friends of Mr. 
McAbee, who polled 155 votes, and Sawyer, who polled 20 



74: THE POLITICAL HISTORY OF CHICAGO. 

votes, were much disgruntled, and the result was a tumul- 
tuous adjournment until Monday, September 27, at 
Greenebaum's Hall. 

The convention met pursuant to call. The temporary 
organization having been made permanent, T. J. Morgan, 
Harvey Sheldon, Jr., John Black, George Linnemeyer and 
G. W. Goodhue were appointed a committee on platform. 
It was resolved not to accept any rejected candidate from 
the Republican or Democratic parties. The following 
county platform was adopted unanimously : 

"1. We demand the abolition of all county toll roads. 

"2. The abolition of the contract system on all county 
work. 

"3. The purchase of county supplies in open market. 

" 4. The frequent inspection of county penal and 
charitable institutions by a state board of inspection. 

"5. That women shall serve on such boards equally 
with men, for the reason that women are confined in these 
institutions as well as men. 

" 6. And we demand of our courts as full and fair a 
hearing for the poorest citizen as is accorded to citizens of 
wealth or moneyed corporations. 

" 7. We demand a just and effective system of state in- 
surance. 

" 8. That all fines against inmates of houses used for 
immoral purposes shall be levied upon and collected from 
the property, and not from the inmates. 

" 9. That all election days shall be compulsory holi- 
days, during which all ordinary business shall be sus- 
pended. 

" 10. That the subdivisions known as the town of North 
Chicago, town of West Chicago, and town of South Chi- 
cago shall be abolished, and that there shall hereafter be 
for the city of Chicago one assessor, one collector, one 
supervisor and one clerk. 



A LIVELY FALL CAMPAIGN. 75 

"11. That all lauds held for speculative purposes shall 
be taxed equally with cultivated lands." 

The committee of twenty-one and the candidates were 
chosen a campaign committee. The following nomina- 
tions were then made : 

County Judge, Richard Prendergast; Probate Judge, 
J. C. Knickerbocker; Superior Judge: John P. Altgeld, 
Egbert Jamieson, Kirk Hawes, and Elliott Anthony; 
County Treasurer, Frank Stauber; Sheriff, M. J. Butler; 
County Clerk, Samuel J. Eastall; Criminal Court Clerk, 
F; J. Dvorak; Probate Court Clerk, Paul Ehmann; Super- 
intendent of Instruction, Homer Be vans; County Commis- 
sioners: James Barry, J. J. Altpeter, Alex. Eilert, Jas. H. 
Bancroft and George Dean. Congress First District, 
Hervey Sheldon, Jr.; Second District, Daniel F. Gleason; 
Third District, Benj. W. Goodhue; Fourth District, Sam- 
uel A. Hawkins. State Senators First District, John C. 
Boyd; Third District, William Bruce; Fifth District, 
Charles F. Seib; Seventh District, Michael Drew; Ninth 
District, C. S. Wheeler; Eleventh District, E. M. Burke; 
Thirteenth District, Michael Luci. Representatives First 
District, James O'Connor; Second District, W. P. Wright; 
Third District, Oscar E. Leinen; Fourth District, William 
Gleason; Fifth District, Leo. P. Dwyer; Sixth District, 
M. J. Dwyer; Seventh District, Frank Thamas; Ninth Dis- 
trict, C. G. Dixon; Eleventh District, George Rohrback; 
Thirteenth District, V. Karlowski. 

State Ticket. State Treasurer John Budlong, of 
Rockford; Superintendent of Public Instruction D. L. 
Brancher, of Lincoln. 

The committee of twenty-one were the following: C. 
G. Dixon, of L. A. 522, manufacturer; T. J. Morgan, of 
the Metal Workers' union, brass finisher; Paul Ehmann, 
of 6571, picture framer; C. F. Seib, of 6303, cigarmaker; 
George A. Schilling, of 2309, cooper; Frank J. Dvorak, of 



76 THE POLITICAL HISTORY OF CHICAGO. 

4927, wood-working machine hand; C. R. Temple, of 6392, 
interior house decorator; Fred. W. Long, of 1307, printer; 
J. H. H. Hamer, of 852, machinist. R. C. Owens, of 6570, 
George Hicken, of 7521, Louis Zeller, cigarmakers, union 
No. 15; William Siahlkecht, furniture workers' union; 
John Waldman, cigarmakers union; C. M. Larson, of 6261, 
marble cutter; S. Myer, of 6703, tea merchant; William 
W. Weaver, of 6017, mechanical engineer; J. Schwagen, 
carpenters' union of the Town of Lake; James B. Murphy, 
of 4263, Pullman, band sawyer; Edmund O'Donnell, 
Grand Crossing, carpenter. 

M. J. Butler, for Sheriff, is about 35 years of age, and 
is a health officer in the Town of Lake. He is one of the 
founders of Distr. No. 57, and is master workman of that 
and of Local Assembly 1597 for nearly six years. He was 
born in Lackawanna County, Pa., and has been a life long 
toiler. 

Frank Stauber, for Treasurer, was born in Laufen- 
burg, Canton Aargau, Switzerland, in 1858, came to 
Chicago in 1867, and worked as a tinner. In 1870 he was 
in the hardware business for himself at 520 Milwaukee 
avenue. In 1878 and 1880 he was elected alderman on the 
socialist ticket from the Fourteenth ward. He served on 
the Board of Education from 1882 to 1885. 

Samuel J. Rastall, for County Clerk, is 43 years of age, 
and has been Secretary of the Typographical Union. 

Frank J. Dvorak is about 35 and a machinist. 

Paul Ehmann, for clerk of Probate Court, is about 30, 
and is a picture frame builder. 

For County Commissioners, James Barrie is foreman 
of a manufacturing firm. J. J. Altpeter is a jeweler and 
representative of the Sixth ward on the socialistic ticket. 

Captain Daniel F. Gleason, for congress, of the second 
district, was born in Tipperary, Ireland. Is a contractor 
and builder and is about 40 years of age. Henry Sheldon, 



A LIVELY FALL CAMPAIGN. 77 

jr., for congress, in the first district, is a lawyer, and was 
born in Syracuse, N. Y., in 1847. Benjamin W. Goodhue, 
for congress, in the third district, is a state lecturer in the 
Knights of Labor, and was born in Boston in 1835. Sam- 
uel J. Hawkins, for congress, in the fourth district, is 
foreman in a machinery company, and is 26 years of age. 
Sketches of others on the ticket appear elsewhere. 

ANOTHER LABOR TICKET. 

Seceding delegates from the United Labor Convention 
met October 4, in the North Side Turner Hall. Chair- 
man Coffee presided, and the committee on resolutions 
submitted the following, which were adopted : 

WHEREAS, We believe the time has arrived when organized 
labor should unhesitatingly assert its right to a recognition as a factor 
in our political fabric; and 

WHEREAS, We deein it advisable at this time to more clearly 
define our position and give expression to our views of the needs of 
the wage-workers of the city of Chicago and Cook County; and 

WHEREAS, The duly accredited delegates chosen by regularly 
convened caucuses of fellow -workmen of their several organized 
trades and assemblies of the Knights of Labor were denied the right 
to participate in the late so-called Labor Convention; therefore: 

Resolved, That it be the first duty of this convention to repudiate 
and denounce the action of the self-constituted committee of twenty- 
one, acting as a committee on credentials, in falsely assuming to 
represent the sentiments of the organized labor in Chicago and Cook 
County, and ostracising and disfranchising a large portion of the 
regularly chosen delegates to the convention called for September 23. 

Resolved, That we are here assembled to vindicate our rights as 
the untrammeled representatives of honest labor to rebuke the in- 
solence and presumption of said committee, and set the seal of popu- 
lar condemnation upon their high-handed and unprecedented 
arrogance. 

Resolved, That the congressional and legislative nominees of 
this convention of the Cook County Labor League be required to 
pledge themselves to use their honest endeavors to obtain laws for 
the protection of labor and the repeal of those detrimental to it; to 
favor the proposed amendment to the state constitution for the aboli- 



78 THE POLITICAL HISTORY OF CHICAGO. 

tion of contract convict labor and the discontinuing of all existing 
contracts upon terms just and equitable to the state and contractors; 
to favor the enactment of an eight hour law to apply in general to all 
wage-workers in whatever branch of business throughout the state, 
with suitable penalties for violations; to favor the enactment of a law 
to compel the payment of wages weekly and in lawful money of the 
United States. 

Resolved, That the candidates for the legislature placed in 
nomination by the convention be instructed, in case of their election, 
to advocate the enactment of a law authorizing every city containing 
over ten thousand inhabitants to create a Board of Examination for 
the purpose of examining and licensing stationary engineers or per- 
sons employed in charge of steam boilers and prohibiting every 
person from following the vocation of engineers unless duly licensed 
by said board. 

The nominations were made without much opposition, 
as follows : 

County Judge, Bichard Prendergast; Probate Judge, 
J. C. Knickerbocker; Judges of Superior Court, John P. 
Altgeld, Egbert Jamieson, Frank Baker, R. S. Williamson; 
Sheriff, John M. Duuphy; Treasurer, M. Schweisthal; 
County Clerk, M. J. Mclnerney; Clerk Criminal Court, 
Frank G. White; Clerk Probate Court, John W. Kleck- 
ner; County Commissioners: First District, Frank J. 
Neeling, John Beegan, St. Clair Sutherland, John Dowdle; 
County Commissioner: Fifth Precinct, P. L. Murphy; 
Superintendent Instruction, Albert G. Lane. Congress 
First District, Edgar Terhune; Second District, Frank 
Lawler; Third District, W. E. Mason; Fourth District, 
William McNally. First District Senator, George E. White; 
First District Eepresentative, C. W. Rowan; First District 
Representative, J. S. Ford; Second District Representa- 
tive, John W. Farley; Third District Senator, Isaac 
Abrahams; Third District Representative, Thos. J. Moran; 
Third District Representative, Dennis J.Kay; Fourth Dis- 
trict Representative, Jas. F. Quinn; Fifth District Senator, 
Henry Ruger; Fifth District Representative, William E. 



A LITELY FALL CAMPAIGN. 79 

Thomson; Sixth Diatrict Representative, A. H. Mc- 
Laughlin; Seventh District Senator, Henry Batterman; 
Seventh District Representative, Clayton E. Crafts; 
Ninth District Representative, Dennis Considine; Eleventh 
District Senator, Edward F. Burk; Eleventh District Rep- 
resentative, John W. Drury; Eleventh District Representa- 
tive, Thomas McElligott; Thirteenth District Senator, J. F. 
O'Malley ; Thirteenth District Representative, J. K. Caverly. 

John M. Dunphy, for Sheriff, is an Irish-American, and 
an extensive contractor. He served a term as City Treas- 
urer, and made warm friends while there. He was defeated 
for the Democratic nomination. 

Frank G. White, for Clerk of the Criminal Court, is 37, 
and was born in Ottawa, Canada. He is a member of the 
firm of White Bros., merchant tailors, at South Chicago and 
Englewood. He was never identified with either the 
Republican or Democratic party. 

John Beegan, for County Commissioner, was born in 
1850, in Ireland, but came to Chicago when he was but 
six months old. He is an engineer, but is now in the hat 
business. He is a Democrat, a member of the Knights of 
Labor for Fifteen years, and was never a candidate before. 
P. L. Murphy, for commissioner, resides in Colehour. He 
is a retired butcher, 44 years old, was born in Ireland, 
came to Chicago in 1852, and is a Democrat. 

William MoNally, for Congress is an Irishman, about 58 
years of age. He came to this country about forty-five 
years ago. He is the manufacturer of a compound to make 
boilers non-explosive. He was a member of the legislature 
of Ohio before the war. He is a Democrat. 

George E. White, for Senator, is a Republican and was 
born in Boston thirty-six years ago. He is a wealthy 
lumber merchant, was in the city council four years and 
in the legislature eight years. He drafted the two-per 
cent bill affecting tax-collectors. 



80 THE POLITICAL HISTORY OF CHICAGO. 

W. H. Ruger, the Senator from the Fifth District, 
was born in Plattsburg, N. Y., in 1842, and is of Ger- 
man extraction. His father was at one time city mar- 
shal of Chicago. In 1847 Mr. Kuger came to Chicago, 
and in 18G1 joined the United States Navy. He in- 
trusted his fortunes with the Man-of-War Essex, under 
Admiral William D. Porter, and participated in the 
engagements at Port Hudson, Island No. 10, Fort 
Henry, and ran the blockade at Vicksburg. Resuming 
civil life he entered the Chicago postoffice as a mail-dis- 
tributer. He was subsequently promoted to the foreman- 
ship of the West Division paper distributing depart- 
ment, rose to the superintendency, and held it up to the 
time of his election to the state senate. He was elected in 
1882, over Alderman Hildreth, by a majority of 931, on 
the independent ticket, in a district that gave a demo- 
cratic majority previously of 2,901. 

James F. Quinn, for Representative, was born in St. 
Louis, in 1854. He was a stone-cutter for sixteen years, 
and is superintendent of the construction of many large 
buildings. 

A. H. McLaughlin, for Representative, was born in 
Pennsylvania, and is about thirty-nine years old. He has 
been in Chicago since 1865, and has been working at the 
printing trade since 1870. He is president of the Chicago 
Typographical Union No. 16, and is a member of the 
Algonquin Club. 

Dennis Considine, for Representative, was born in Ire- 
land, and is about forty years of age. He is a very popu- 
lar fellow among his associates. 

J. R. Caverly, for Representative, was born of Irish 
parents in London, England, in 1861. For the last three 
years he has been in charge of the insane department of 
the county jaiL 

John W. Drury, for Representative, is an American and 



A LIVELY FALL CAMPAIGN. 81 

32 years old. He is an officer of the Switchmen's Benev- 
olent Association. 

Sketches of other candidates on the ticket are found 
elsewhere. 



FRAUDULENT TICKETS. 



MANY A TICKET PEDDLEK ENTITLED TO FIVE YEARS IN 
THE PENITENTIARY. 

On the day preceding the Fall election of 1886, the 
following correspondence between the Election Commission- 
ers and Richard Prendergast, judge of the County Court, 

waa published : 

CHICAGO, Oct. 31. 
To Hon. RICHARD PRENDERGAST, Judge of County Court : 

Dear Sir, Members of the Election Commission have been 
interrogated regarding the legality of using and offering to 
voters at the election of the 2d prox. so-called split or mixed tickets 
with headings indicating them to be straight tickets, and the proper 
methods of canvassing such tickets by the judges of election after 
voting. We would respectfully request of you a written opinion 
touching these matters, for publication and distribution to the judges 
of election. DANIEL CORKERY, 

NORMAN BRIDGE, 
THEODORE OEHLNE. 
Commissioners. 

CHICAGO, Oct. 31. 
To THE BOARD OP ELECTION COMMISSIONERS: 

Gentlemen, The subject of split, mixed, or crooked tickets or 
ballots is treated of by the law. I divide my answer to your inquiry 
into two parts. First, as to the split tickets themselves, second, as 
to the duty of the election judges. 

1. Every ticket purporting to be that which it is not, and given 
to a voter for the fraudulent purpose of procuring him to cast a vote 
not intended by him, is not merely a dishonorable trick, but is also 
a crime. Every person who shall thus, or in any other way, inten- 
tionally practice any fraud upon any elector to induce him to deposit 
a ballot as his vote when he did not intend so to vote is guilty of a 
felony, punishable by not less than one nor more than five years in 

82 



FRAUDULENT TICKETS. 83 

the penitentiary. Those who cause, advise, or direct the fraud are 
equally responsible with those who actually perpetrated it. This 
particularly refers to forged, counterfeit, or deceptive tickets that 
is, a ticket framed, headed, printed, or prepared so as to deceive the 
voter into the belief that it is the ticket he desires, when in fact, there 
may be on it one or more names of candidates whom he does not 
desire or intend to vote for. Thus, to illustrate, a ticket headed 
' ' Regular Democratic Ticket " without the name of Mr. Schweisthal 
on it, or a ticket headed "Regular Republican Ticket" without the 
name of Mr. Davis printed thereon, or a ticket headed " United Labor 
Party Ticket" without the name of Mr.Stauber thereon, or a ticket head- 
ed " Cook County Labor League Ticket" without the name of Mr. 
Dunphy thereon would fall under the prohibition of law. Headings 
not apt or liable to deceive voters may be used on split tickets. Thus 
any person or persons may without violating law, if no other fraud 
be practiced, prepare and offer to voters tickets with such headings as 
" Citizens' Ticket," or "Peoples' Ticket," or " Independent Voter's 
Ticket, "or with any other non-misleading heading, because such head- 
ings are not at this time deceptive. So tickets without heading or de- 
scription of any kind may be' prepared and offered ; indeed, scratched 
or split, tickets are recognized by law. Section 80 of the act provides 
for the counting of such, but the main point is that what are known 
as counterfeit or deceptive split tickets are fraudulent, and to procure 
a voter to vote such contrary to his intention is a crime, as before 
stated. 

2. The judges of election must take from each voter and deposit 
the ballot he offers without any question or inquiry whatever as to its 
contents. So far as the judges of election are concerned, it makes 
no difference whatever what the ticket is or what it is not, nor how it 
is prepared, nor whether it is straight, regular, crooked, split, pasted, 
scratched, or anything else. The question for them is, is the person 
offering to vote duly registered and qualified ? If so the paper or 
ballot he offers must be taken by the judges and deposited and 
counted as his vote, altogether irrespective of what it contains or 
what it does not contain. The judges have no right whatever to 
question the make-up of a ticket, and every name on every ballot 
deposited in the ballot-box must be regarded by the judges of 
election as the name intended by the voter and so canvassed and 
counted. The fraud, the crime, arising out of the deception prac- 
ticed on the voter is a matter with which the judges of election 
have absolutely nothing to do. That is a matter left by law with 



84 THE POLITICAL HISTORY OF CHICAGO. 

other officers. Whether the voter has been deceived or not is a 
matter with which the judges of election, as such, have nothing to 
do. They must take, deposit, and count as the ballot, and vote 
of the voter, that which he offers, irrespective of whether he has 
been deceived or not. I remain, respectfully, yours, 

RICHABD PBENDERGAST. 



THE SOCIALISTIC PAKTY. 



The socialists of Chicago claim to have been very act- 
ive in organizing trade and labor unions among the several 
nationalities . Their agitations they represent culminated 
in the movement for shorter hours of daily work from and 
after May 1, 1886; all working people in the stock yards 
and the building trades in Chicago working eight hours, 
and the wage- workers in many occupations regulating their 
hours of work and their wages by resolutions of their 
respective trades . The leaders define socialism in Chicago 
as trades unionism and independent political action . They 
say that mostly every useful occupation of wage-work is 
organized as a trade union or an assembly of Knights of 
Labor; and the issues of capital and labor are brought 
within the range of practical politics by the united labor 
party, which is dissolving the old party organizations of 
Chicago . The socialistic tendency is stated to be universal 
among all working people, in a word reaction against 
monopolistic abuses of capital . 

In 1857 the German Workingmen's Association was 
started in Chicago and at once its influence was felt in 
politics. In 1866 the first National Workingmen's Con- 
vention was held in Baltimore, and the national platform 
was adopted favoring eight hours as a legal day's work. In 
Chicago the eight hour agitation was pushed hard, and on 
May 1, 1867, a great demonstration proved that the wage- 
worker was in dead earnest . The stone-cutters however, 
only succeeded, it would seem, as they alone secured the 
eight hours. Aldermen were elected in favor of eight 

85 



THE SOCIALISTIC PARTY. 86 

hours but resolutions passed by them have been dead let- 
ters. 

While the Greenback movement was in progress the 
socialistic movement made great strides among the Ger- 
mans and Bohemians principally. The Greenback and 
socialistic tickets it is claimed polled fifteen thousand votes 
when Hoffmann was elected Sheriff on the Eepublican 
ticket. In the following city and county elections the 
Democrats gained with the help of the socialists. Mayor 
Harrison was elected in 1879, the socialists say, by twelve 
thousand of their votes, and they elected four members of 
the Legislature and four aldermen . 



CHICAGO'S MAYOES. 



WILLIAM B. OGDEN. 

William B. Ogden, who was elected Chicago's first 
Mayor, in 1837, was born in Delaware County, New York, 
June 15, 1805. Just after the Eevolutionary War, his 
father settled in what was then known as the Upper Dela- 
ware country, and opened a new home in the wilderness. 
In the home thus formed, Chicago's first Mayor was born, 
and in the wilderness he spent his early boyhood. He 
chose the profession of law, and, while pursuing an aca- 
demic course with that end in view, he was called home on 
account of the death of his father. His father left con- 
siderable property, and its management was left to this 
sen. In 1834, Mr. Ogden took a warm interest in the pro- 
ject of constructing the Erie Railroad, and was chosen a 
member of the New York Legislature to advocate that 
measure. In June, 1835, he located in Chicago, and hav- 
ing previously purchased real estate here, he entered upon 
the management of his property. In 1835 and 1836, his 
operations in real estate were very extensive, as he early 
saw that Chicago was destined to become a great city. He 
weathered the financial crash of 1837, and when the city 
was incorporated he was elected Mayor. His latest resi- 
dence was in Westchester County, N. Y., having purchased a 
very handsome villa there. 

Hon. Isaac N. Arnold, on the occasion of the presenta- 
tion to the Chicago Historical Society by Mrs. Ogden of a 
portrait of her husband read an address replete in the 

87 



O8 THE POLITICAL HISTORY OF CHICAGO. 

most interesting recollections of our subject. Mr. Ogden 
made the following reply at one time to a lady who, having 
been born rich became suddenly poor and desired to know 
how her children might possibly get along in the world : 

"I was born close by a saw-mill, was early left an 
orphan, was cradled in a sugar-trough, christened in a 
mill-pond, graduated at a log school-house, and, at four- 
teen, fancied I could do anything I turned my hand to, 
and that nothing was impossible, and ever since, madam, 
I have been trying to prove it, and with some success. " 

Illustrating Mr. Ogden's affectionate and liberal dispo- 
sition, Mr. Arnold recalls a dismal night in winter when 
he sat in Mr. Ogden's house. The latter was absorbed in 
his memories. 

" The fire burned low, the hour grew late, but still he 
kept on speaking of the past; and finally he went to his 
own room and soon returned with a parcel of carefully 
preserved, but long-ago faded flowers, a ribbon, a glove, 
some notes and a little poem all tenderly cherished relics 
of one from whom many and long years before he had been 
separated by death, and around whose grave, amidst all 
the active and absorbing scenes in which he was living, his 
memory still lingered fondly and faithfully. He never 
forgot the Sabbath chimes with which he once had min- 
gled. Half a century after her death, when making his 
will, he remembered the romance of his youth, and made 
liberal and generous provisions for the nearest surviving 
relatives of one to whose memory he was so faithful/' 

BTJCKNER S. MORRIS. 

The second Mayor of Chicago, elected in 1838, was 
born August 19, 1800, at Augusta, Ky. Dickinson Mor- 
ris, his father, was County Surveyor of Bracken county, 
Kentucky, and a native of Delaware ; his mother, Frances, 
was a native of Virginia. In 1824 he commenced study- 



CHICAGO'S MAYORS. 89 

ing law, and began practice in 1827. At the age of twenty- 
nine he was elected to the legislature, and was reflected. 
He was a conservative Whig in politics at this time. In 
1834 he settled in Chicago. In 1837 he was active in the 
organization of the city. In 1840 President Lincoln and 
Mr. Morris were chosen electors by the Whig State Con- 
vention, and worked for Harrison and Taylor against Van 
Buren. In 1851 he was elected Judge of the Seventh 
Illinois Circuit, and served until 1855, when he refused a 
reelection. While judge, George W. Green was convicted 
of murdering his wife, upon evidence furnished by Doctors 
Blaney and Bird, as to the presence of strychnine in her 
stomach. It was a remarkable case, and occupies a prom- 
inent place in the annals of jurisprudence. In 1860 he 
was a candidate for the governorship of Illinois in the 
interest of tho Bell and Everett ticket. In 1864 Judge 
Morris was L. rested for conspiracy to release the prisoners 
at Camp Douglass, and burn and sack the city. He was, 
however, most honorably acquitted. 

BENJAMIN W. RAYMOND. 

The third and sixth Mayor of Chicago, elected in 1839 
and 1842, was born at Rome, Oneida county, New York, in 
1801, and came to Chicago in 1836. After many vicissi- 
tudes Mr. Eaymond erected in Elgin the first woolen fac- 
tory in the state. He was elected Mayor of Chicago on 
the Whig ticket. During his term Mr. Raymond gave his 
entire salary to sufferers along the canal. In 1842 he was 
reflected Mayor. He was one of the first board of direc- 
tors of the Galena railroad ; was one of the builders of 
the city of Lake Forest, and in 1864 was President of the 
Elgin National Watch Company, in the organization of 
which he was the most prominent. 

ALEXANDER LLOYD. 

The fourth Mayor of Chicago was elected in 1840. 



90 THE POLITICAL HISTORY OF CHICAGO. 

Originally a storekeeper, he eventually became a prominent 
contractor and builder. Like many of Chicago's best citi- 
zens he did good service in the Chicago Volunteer Fire 
Department. He was elected on the Democratic ticket, 
and was a prominent figure in the politics of his day. 

FRANCIS C. SHERMAN. 

Francis C. Sherman, Chicago's 5th, 26th and 27th 
Mayor, elected in 1841, 1862 and 1863, was born in New- 
ton, Connecticut, in 1805. In 1834 he came to Chicago, 
and shortly after his arrival he built a frame dwelling on 
Randolph street, between LaSalle street and Fifth avenue, 
which he opened as a boarding house. This modest hotel 
was originally about twelve feet high, eighteen feet wide 
and thirty feet long, but he did a flourishing business. In 
1835 he moved to what was then called "out on the 
prairie," but which is now Adams street, and commenced 
to manufacture brick, and in 1836 built for himself the 
first four story brick building erected on Lake street. He 
remained in the brick business fourteen years, and in 1850 
retired with a comfortable fortune. In 1860 he erected a 
splendid edifice for hotel purposes corner, Clark and Ran- 
dolph streets, and christened it the "Sherman House." 
In 1862 he was nominated for the mayoralty on the Demo- 
cratic ticket, and was elected over C. N. Holden, and 
served two terms. 

AUGUSTUS GARRETT. 

The seventh, eighth and ninth Mayor of Chicago was 
elected in 1843, 1844 and 1845. He came to Chicago in 
1836, having left his wife in the East for the very good 
reason that he could not afford to bring her with him. In 
an incredibly brief period it was evident that Mr. 
Garrett's sun rose in the West. He was wealthy before he 
hardly realized it, and in 1848 when he died, his large for- 



CHICAGO'S MAYORS. 91 

tune for those days lie bequeathed to his wife, who gave the 
bulk of it to the Garrett Biblical Institute. 

JOHN C. CHAPIN. 

The tenth Mayor of Chicago was elected in 1846. He 
was one of the foremost of Chicago's commission merchants 
during his time, and first filled a public office in 1844, when 
he represented the First Ward in the city council. 

JAMES CURTISS. 

The eleventh and fourteenth Mayor of Chicago was 
elected in 1847 and again in 1850. He gained prominence 
as a lawyer, and many an unfortunate can thank Mr. 
Curtiss for the lively interest he manifested in their behalf. 
He represented the Third Ward in the city council in 
1846. 

JAMES H. WOODWORTH. 

The twelfth and thirteenth Mayor of Chicago (now 
dead), elected in 1848 and 1849, was born December 4, 1804, 
in Greenwich, Washington County, New York. In 1827 
he went to Springfield, Erie County, Pennsylvania, and 
for four years was a justice of the peace. In 1833 he came 
to Chicago and conducted a dry goods business up to 1840. 
In 1839 he became a state Senator. In 1842 he entered, the 
legislature, residing at that time in LaSalle County; pur- 
chasing the Hydraulic Flouring Mill, he supplied the city 
for ten years with flour and water. He was three years in 
the council and served as Mayor in 1848 and 1849. In 
1853 he became one of the water commissioners. In 1854 
he was elected to congress. With Stephen A. Douglass he 
obtained an appropriation for the building of the Chicago 
Custom House and Postoffice. 

WALTER S. GURNEE. 

The fifteenth and sixteenth Mayor of Chicago was 
elected in 1851 and 1852. He came to Chicago in 1836. 



92 THE POLITICAL HISTORY OF CHICAGO. 

At present he resides in New York. He was a merchant 
of the old school, being a saddler and tanner, and was pro- 
prietor of one of the largest tanneries in the West. He is 
one of the original Directors of the Board of Trade. 

CHARLES M. GRAY. 

The seventeenth Mayor of Chicago was elected in 1853. 
He was one of the pioneers of Chicago, arriving here in 
1834. His first enterprise was the manufacturing of grain 
cradles, and he was subsequently with Cyrus McCormick 
at his reaper works. 

ISAAC L. MILLIKE2ST. 

The eighteenth Mayor of Chicago, was elected in 1854. 
He began his career in Chicago as an humble blacksmith. 
He served two terms in the city council, representing the 
second ward. He was on the judicial bench a year before 
he was selected for Mayor. As a police magistrate he 
served with credit to himself. Mr. Milliken still makes 
Chicago his home, and, if the occasion demanded it, could 
shoe a horse with his old-time skill. 

LEVI D. -BOONE. 

Elected in 1855 the nineteenth Mayor of Chicago, and 
a grand nepnew of Kentucky's pioneer, was born Decem- 
ber 8, 1808. His father dying from a wound received at 
the battle of Horseshoe Bend, our subject climbed a difficult 
ladder. He graduated in medicine at twenty-one, and in 
1830 located himself in Hillsboro, Montgomery County, 
Illinois. He served as surgeon in the Blackhawk war. 
In 1836 he came to Chicago. In 1848 he was made city 
physician. For six years he was alderman of the Second 
ward. In 1855 he was elected Mayor by the Native Ameri- 
can party. Although he subscribed liberally to the w ar for 
the Union, and assumed risks otherwise in the cause, he was 
yet arrested in 1862 for complicity in the escape of a pris- 



CHICAGO'S MAYORS. 93 

oner from Camp Douglas. The charge arose from the pay- 
ment of a small sum of money to a Confederate prisoner, 
which was left by his mother for him in the hands of Dr. 
Boone. The doctor was released at once, of course. 

THOMAS DYER. 

The twentieth Mayor of Chicago was elected in 1856. 
He was a member of the firm of Warehouse, Newberry & 
Dole. In 1848 he was President of the Chamber of Com- 
merce. 

JOHN WENTWORTH. 

The twenty-first and twenty-fourth Mayor of Chicago, 
elected in 1857 and 1860, was born at Sandwich, New 
Hampshire, March 5, 1815, and belongs to Puritanical 
stock. He graduated at Dartmouth College in 1836, and 
he obtained its degree of LL.D. in 1867. He came to 
Chicago October 25, 1836, and while he studied law con- 
tributed to the Chicago Democrat, which he soon owned. 
In 1843, having been admitted to the bar, lie was elected 
to congress. When the war broke out Mr. Wentworth 
used all his efforts to unite the Anti- Slavery Extension 
Democracy, the Abolitionists and the Whigs. He supported 
John C. Fremont for president in 1856, and although for- 
merly a thorough Democrat, was elected Mayor twice on 
the Republican ticket. He was Mayor when the Prince 
of Wales visited Chicago and made such an impression on 
the latter, that upon his return to England he sent Mr. 
Wentworth two of the best Southdown bucks that could 
be found. Our subject is the largest Mayor Chicago ever 
had ; stands six feet six inches in height, weighs three- 
hundred pounds, and has the reputation of being one of 
the most healthy and industrious men in this city. 

JOHN C. HAINES. 

The twenty-second and twenty-third Mayor of Chicago, 
elected in 1858 and 1859 was born May 2(5, 1818, in Deer- 



94 THE POLITICAL HISTORY OF CHICAGO. 

field, New York. In 1835 he came to Chicago and so well 
succeeded as to purchase, in 1846, with Jared Gage, the Chi- 
cago flour mills. In 1848 he was elected a member of the 
city council and served for six years or more. In 1869 he 
was elected a member of the Constitutional Convention, 
which brought forth the Constitution of 1870. In 1874 he 
was elected a member of the Illinois Senate. He created a 
widespread sensation in the House at Springfield prior to 
John A. Logan's election. 

JULIAN S. RUMSEY. 

The twenty-fifth Mayor of Chicago, was elected in 1861, 
and is still a resident of this city. He was a member of 
the firm of Newberry & Dole, and was several times elected 
President of the Board of Trade. His many benevolent 
deeds will long outlive him. 

JOHN B. RICE. 

John Blake Kice, Chicago's twenty-eighth and twenty- 
ninth Mayor, elected in 1865 and 1867, was born in the 
village of Easton, Talbot county, Maryland, in 1809. In 
1847 he settled in Chicago and built a theater on Dearborn 
street, between Kandolph and Washington streets, which 
was really the first dramatic establishment in Chicago. 
He managed the theater until 1857, and many of the old 
settlers can recall with pleasure the entertainments that 
were given in the quaint but attractive little temple of art, 
under Mr. Rice's careful and judicious management. In 
1865, during the political excitement occasioned by the 
Rebellion, he was nominated by the Union party for the 
office of Mayor, and was elected by an almost unanimous 
vote. 

ROSWELL B. MASON. 

The thirtieth Mayor of Chicago, was elected in 1869, 
and was in office at the time of the big fire. He is still in 
Chicago and is about eighty years of age. As a railway 



CHICAGO'S MAYORS. 95 

builder, engineer and executive he has held high rank, 
and built the Housatonic and Vermont Valley roads in 
1858. Just prior to his election as mayor he was superin- 
tending the construction of the Illinois Central and the 
Michigan Canal roads. 

JOSEPH MEDILL. 

The thirty-first Mayor of Chicago, elected in 1871, and 
distinguished journalist, was born April 6, 1823, and is of 
Scotch-Irish parentage. His father, William, and his 
mother, Margaret, were born in Monaghan county, Ireland. 
He was educated at the Massillon Academy in Ohio. In 
1844 he commenced studying law with Hon. Hiram Gris- 
wold, continued under Seymour Belden, and was admitted 
to the bar in 1846. He practiced a short time with George 
Mcllvaine in New Philadelphia, Ohio. 

In 1849, abandoning law, he established the Coshocton 
Republican, and up to 1852 maintained it as a free-soil 
Whig paper. He then founded the Daily Forest City and 
supported Scott for president, but when he was defeated, 
Mr. Medill desired a new party to be known as the National 
Eepublican party, and in 1853 merged his journal with 
the True Democrat of John C. Vaughan, and christened 
the combination the Cleveland Leader. In 1853-4 he was 
one of the twelve to organize a Eepublican party. In 
1854-5 he sold his interest in the Leader, and with Dr. C. 
H. Eay and John C. Vaughan, purchased the Chicago 
Tribune, which was established in 1847. The paper was 
a success forthwith. In 1869 he became a member of the 
Constitutional Convention of Illinois. The president ap- 
pointed him on the civil-service mission in 1871. In the 
fall of this year, amid the smoking ruins of Chicago's 
greatness, he was elected Mayor on the Fire Proof ticket. 
In 1873 he went to Europe and wrote letters of great value 
on many topics for the Tribune. In 1874 he became its 
7 



96 THE POLITICAL HISTORY OF CHICAGO. 

editor-in-chief. Mr. Medill is accorded the credit of ob- 
taining for soldiers in the field during the war for the 
Union, the right of exercising the elective franchise. 

L. L. BOND. 

Hon. Lester L. Bond assumed the very responsible 
position of Mayor at the time when in 1873 Joseph Medill 
visited Europe on account of ill health. At the expira- 
tion of his term, he was nominated for two years more as a 
universally recognized tribute to his ability and integrity, 
but although he received 18,500 votes, he was defeated by 
Harvey D. Colvin, who was the standard bearer of the 
Peoples' Party. During Mr. Bond's brief term as succes- 
sor to Mayor Medill, the city was in a state of panic, the 
city's employees being paid in scrip, but Mr. Bond, by tak- 
ing a decided stand against the issue of the detestable 
paper, gallantly maintained the credit of the city. During 
the same unexpired term of Mr. Medill he brought order 
out of chaos in the fire department by thoroughly reorgan- 
izing it, and the community magnificently appreciated his 
conduct by leaving the organization undisturbed to the 
present day. He also settled the long-standing claims of 
the gas companies, after a system that has not been 
changed one iota ever since. The two acts specified were 
not all he fathered to stamp the administration as one 
of the purest and ablest of modern times. 

Lester Legrand Bond was born in Ravenna, October 27, 
1829. His father, Jonas Bond, removed from Connecti- 
cut to settle in Ohio in 1824, where Miss Elizabeth Story, 
a relative of the distinguished jurist and author, Judge 
Story, of the United States Supreme Court, became his 
bride. Our subject attended a select school in Ravenna 
four years, and subsequently studied in Elsworth Academy 
until the age of eighteen. He now jumped into the field to 
help his father, who was a farmer and manufacturer. Dur- 



CHICAGO'S MAYORS. 97 

ing the summer he worked hard, and in the winter went 
to school. Early in life young Bond evinced an affection 
for mechanics, and the fact is apparent today in his prac- 
tice ; Mr. J3ond being probably the best patent lawyer in 
the United States. In 1850 he began the study of law 
with Francis "W. Tappan, in Eavenna, and continued with 
General Bierce and Jefferies, the former of whom was 
reputed to be one of the ablest criminal lawyers in North- 
eastern Ohio. He was admitted to the bar in October, 
1853. In 1854 he came to Chicago with no capital, and 
but two acquaintances, and struck bad luck at once by 
joining a young man in the commission business, only to 
be left to pay the obligations of both. 

In 1859 Mr. Bond assumed charge of numerous patent 
interests, and his great success induced him in 1860 to de- 
vote himself exclusively to the patent business. In 1864 
his extraordinary progress actually obliged him to form a 
co-partnership that the business of the office might not go 
unattended. Thence came the firm of West, Bond & 
Driscoll. Mr. Driscoll becoming city attorney the year 
following, he withdrew and the firm became West & Bond. 
A reference to the many cases in which Mr. Bond engaged 
would fill a volume. Among them may be mentioned 
those of the Babcock Fire Extinguisher, the Evarts Shin- 
gle Mill, the Tubular Lantern, the Marsh Harvester, the 
Keystone Corn Planter, the Kenyon Cultivator, the nu 
merous test cases of the Moline Plow Company, the Furst 
and Bradley Manufacturing Company. In fact he has 
appeared on one side or the other, chiefly for the defense, 
in nearly all the agricultural implement cases tried in the 
United States Circuits. He has appeared in three hundred 
and thirty-five cases in this circuit and fifty in other cir- 
cuits since the great fire of '71. 

Politically, Hon. Lester L. Bond is a staunch Repub- 
lican, his father in 1844 having been a member of the Free 



98 THE POLITICAL HISTORY OF CHICAGO. 

Soil party. In 1852 Mr. Bond first filled a political po- 
sition. In this year he was sent as a town delegate to 
the Pittsburgh Convention which nominated John P. Hill 
for president. In 1863 he was elected alderman from 
the Eleventh ward, and in 1864 was reflected for two 
years. He declined the office at the expiration of his term, 
owing to the pressure of business. In 1867 he was elected 
to the state legislature ; reflected in 1869. During this 
session he was chairman of the judiciary committee, the 
most important in the house. During his first term he 
was a member of the committee on internal improvements, 
and was very conspicuous in the passage of the act for the 
improvement of the Illinois river. 

In 1871, contrary to his wishes, he was elected alder- 
man of the tenth ward. He was a member of the Board 
of Education four years and in 1872 was presidential elector 
for the second congressional district of Illinois. On 
October 12, 1856, Mr. Bond married Miss Annie Scott 
Aspinwall, daughter of Rev. Nathaniel W. Aspinwall r of 
Peacham, Vermont, and both he and his wife are members 
of the Centenary Methodist Episcopal church. 

HAEVEY D. COLVIN. 

Harvey D. Colvin, the thirty-second May or of Chicago, 
elected in 1873, was born in Herkimer county, New York, 
Dec. 18, 1814. He was elected on the People's ticket by a 
majority of 10,251. When elected Mayor in the fall of 
1873 Mr. Colvin was the general agent at Chicago, of the 
United States Express Company. His first business venture 
was the manufacture of boots and shoes at Little Falls, 
N. Y. In this enterprise he was successful and followed 
the business for seventeen years. Subsequently he became 
connected with the American Express Company. Remov- 
ing to Chicago in 1854 he organized an agency for the 
United States Express Company with a capital of about 
$500,000. 



CHICAGO'S MAYORS. 99 

MONROE HEATH. 

Monroe Heath, the thirty-third Mayor of Chicago, was 
elected July 12, 1876, under a special election ordered by 
the council, consequent upon the general corporation act 
in April, 1875. There was no election in November of 
this year, the Mayor and alderman holding over until 
1876. At the same time the city was divided into eighteen 
wards. He was born in Springfield, Sullivan county, New 
Hampshire, in 1828, of English descent. His mother dying 
when he was but four years old and his father when he 
was out eight, his grandmother cared for him until he 
was seventeen. In Boston he adopted a mercantile life 
and traveled considerably. He was in the Mexican war, 
and cherishes many recollections of that interesting period. 

In 1851 he came to Chicago and commenced painting 
on the north side of Wells street bridge, where he em- 
ployed the first year but five men, in the second year as 
many as forty. In 1855, in company with Henry Milligan, 
now dead, he established his business on the South Side. 
His present headquarters are on Randolph street, near 
LaSalle, where an immense business is transacted. The 
firm name of Heath & Milligan is still retained. Mr. 
Heath served several terms in the council. Col. Elliott 
Durand, Mr. Heath's son-in-law, and a well-known reporter 
of former days, is one of the chief mainstays of the insti- 
tution. 

CARTER H. HARRISON. 

Carter H. Harrison, Mayor of Chicago for the fourth 
term, elected in 1879, 1881, 1883 and 1885, was born in 
Fayette county, Kentucky, February 25, 1825. Richard 
A. Harrison, Cromwell's Lieutenant General, who led 
Charles I. to the block, is his earliest ancestor preserved 
in the family archives. The name was conspicuous in 
Virginia during the colonial period, and Carter H. Harri- 



100 THE POLITICAL HISTORY OF CHICAGO. 

son, his great-grandfather, and his brother, Benjamin 
Harrison, the signer of the Declaration of Independence, 
and father of President William Henry Harrison, are en- 
rolled in the annals of the infancy of the United States of 
America. Early intermarriages linked the Harrison family 
with the Kandolphs, Cabells and Carters two prominent 
Virginia families. Through the former, Thomas Jefferson 
and John Eandolph were of near kin ; through the latter, 
the Reeves, of Virginia, and the Breckenridges, of Ken- 
tucky. Robert Carter Harrison, grandfather of our sub- 
ject, located in Kentucky in 1812. His father and grand- 
father were graduates of William and Mary College. 

When our Mayor was eight months old his father died, 
but the circumstances of the family were left in an un- 
usually promising condition. 

When he was fifteen, Carter was placed under the 
scholastic care of Dr. Lewis Marshall, brother of the Chief 
Justice and father of the famous Kentucky orator, 
Thomas T. Marshall. In 1845 he graduated from Yale 
College. He then studied law, but did not practice. A 
short time leisurely spent on his father's farm, six miles 
from Lexington, preceded a trip to Europe in 1851, when 
he visited every part of England, Ireland and Scotland, 
and other parts of Europe, and passed into Egypt, and, in 
company with Bayard Taylor, explored Syria and Asia 
Minor. Taylor's " Land of the Saracen " was the result 
of the tour. In 1853 Mr. Harrison entered the Transyl- 
vania Law School at Lexington, and finished the course 
in 1855. 

In 1855, he came to Chicago, and at once commenced 
courting the city, which in after life it so pleased him to 
call his bride; that she has been a dutiful wife since, his 
present condition amply attests. Real estate transactions 
from that time forward engaged his attention aside from 
his political ventures . 



CHICAGO'S MAYOES. 101 

His political life commenced in 1871, when he was 
elected county commissioner. In 1872, he was nominated 
by the Democrats to congress, to represent a strongly Re- 
publican district, but was defeated. He reduced the Re- 
publican majority so greatly, however, that he was again 
placed in the field and elected by a majority of eight votes. 

At the time he was put up, he was traveling with his 
family in Germany, Austria, the Tyrol and Switzerland. 
He at once came home to represent his district ; but in 
1875, went back, and after traveling through Northern 
Europe, ended his trip in Paris. His family went to Ger- 
many, and he came to Chicago only to be recalled by the 
death of his wife. "While absent, he was reflected to con- 
gress. In 1879, his name was first suggested for the May- 
oralty, and in April following he was elected by a major- 
ity of over 5,000, although the city had gone Republican 
the fall before by a majority of 7,800. In 1881, he was 
reflected by a majority of 8,000, although the city went 
Republican the fall before by 4,000. In this campaign, 
not only the press but the pulpit was opposed to him. In 
1883, he was reflected by an increased majority. 

In the fall of 1884, Mr. Harrison, in obedience to the 
peremptory demand of the Democratic party, was a candi- 
date for Governor of the State of Illinois, but was defeated 
by Gov. Oglesby; the state being preponderatingly Re- 
publican. Mr. Harrison, however, succeeded in reducing 
the former majority of 40,000 to 14,500. In the spring of 
1885 he was reflected Mayor of Chicago. 

THOMAS j. O'NEILL 

was born in Ireland. He came to America when 17 
years of age. After the usual experience of an Irish im- 
migrant, he drifted into journalism, and continued at that 
business until July, 1885, when he was appointed Mayor's 
Private Secretary, by Mayor Harrison. 



CHICAGO'S COUNCILS. 



1837. By the charter of 1837, the city was divided 
into six wards, and each was entitled to elect annually two 
aldermen, except the third and fifth wards, which were 
entitled to but one alderman each, until the year 1839. 

J. C. Goodhue and Francis Sherman, represented the 
first ward ; J. S. C. Hogan and Peter Bolles the second 
ward ; John D. Caton, the third ward ; Asahel Pierce and 
Francis H. Taylor, the fourth ward ; Bernard Ward, the 
fifth ward ; and S. Jackson and Hiram Pierce the sixth 
ward. 

1838. E. B. Williams and E. H. Hadduck, repre- 
sented the first ward ; John S. C. Hogan and James Cur- 
tiss, the second ward ; John D. Caton, the third ward ; 
F. H. Taylor and A. Pierce, the fourth ward; H. L. 
Rucker, the fifth ward ; and George W. Dole and Grant 
Goodrich, the sixth ward. 

1839. James A. Smith and 0. H. Thompson, repre- 
sented the first ward ; E. S. Prescott and Clement Stoel, 
the second ward ; W. H. Stow and Ira Miltimore the third 
ward ; A. Pierce and J. Murphy, Jr., the fourth ward ; 
H. L. Rucker and John C . Wilson, the fifth ward ; and 
John H. Kinzie and B. S. Morris, the sixth ward. 

1840. J. Wadsworth and 0. Morrison, represented the 
first ward ; A. Garrett and James Carney, the second 
ward ; Ira Miltimore and John Gage, the third ward ; S. 
Johnson and W. 0. Snell, the fourth ward ; H. L. Rucker 
and William Allen the fifth ward ; and William B. Ogden 
and R. J. Hamilton, the sixth ward. 

102 



CHICAGO'S COUNCILS. 103 

1841. Charles Follansbee and John Davlin represented 
the first ward ; Jason McCord and Peter Page the second 
ward ; Ira Miltimore and William H. Stow the third 
ward ; Otis Snell and George W. Rogers the fourth ward ; 
Henry L. Rucker and Samuel Grier the fifth ward ; and 
James L. Howe and George F. Foster the sixth ward. 

1842. Norman B. Judd and John Calhoun represented 
the first ward ; Caleb Morgan and Charles McDonnell the 
second ward ; Alson S. Sherman and Hamilton Barnes 
the third ward ; Daniel Elston and E. S. Chalmer the 
fourth ward ; Edward Carroll and George Brady the fifth 
ward ; and George 0. Bryan and George W. Dole the 
sixth ward. 

1843. Hugh T. Dickey and Cyrenus Beers represented 
the first ward ; Jason McCord and Charles Sauter the 
second ward ; A. Peck and Charles Taylor the third 
ward ; John Murphy, Jr., and W. S. Warner the fourth 
ward ; Samuel Grier and John Curver the fifth ward ; 
and George W. Dole and Joseph Maraback the sixth 
ward. 

1844. Asher Rossiter and John P. Chapin represented 
the first ward ; William Wheeler and S. W. Talmage the 
second ward ; George Davis and Ira Miltimore the third 
ward ; John Murphy, Jr., and James Poussard the fourth 
ward ; Elihu Granger and Thomas Brown the fifth ward; 
and B. S. Morris and M. Diversey the sixth ward. 

1845. J. Y. Scammonand Thomas Church represented 
the first ward ; R. P. Hamilton and J. H. Woodworth 
the second ward ; Francis Edwards and Francis H. Tay- 
lor the third ward ; Asahel Pierce and T. McDonough the 
fourth ward ; Elihu Granger and Samuel Grier the fifth 
ward ; and M. D. Ogden and Richard C. Ross the sixth 
ward. 

1846. George Manierre and Levi D. Boone represented 
the first ward ; N. H. Bolles and A. Smith the second 



104 THE POLITICAL HISTORY OF CHICAGO. 

ward ; M. Kehoe and James Curtiss the third ward ; Jo- 
seph Wilson and H. McGee the fourth ward ; Elihu Gran- 
ger and Samuel Grier the fifth ward ; and E. C. Eoss and 
W. M. Larrabee the sixth ward. 

The Act of 1847 created three more wards, and provi- 
ded that two aldermen should be elected from each, who 
were divided into two classes by LOT. The second class 
held over, and, thereafter, one alderman was annually 
elected from each ward, and held his office for two years. 
During this year J. H. Woodworth and P. L. Updike rep- 
resented the first ward ; Levi D. Boone and Isaac Speer 
the second ward ; B. W. Eaymond and J. W. Brinkerhoff 
the third ward ; Eobert H. Foss and Charles McDonnell 
the fourth ward ; Thomas James and John Sheriff the 
fifth ward ; A. Pierce and A. Smith the sixth ward ; Elihu 
Granger and 0. Sloan the seventh ward ; W. B. Snowhook 
and James Lane the eighth ward ; and W. B. Ogden and 
Michael McDonald the ninth ward. 

1848. Edward Manierre, represented the first ward ; 
H. L. Eucker, the second ward ; William Jones, the 
third ward ; Eobert H. Foss, the fourth ward ; J. C. 
Haines, the fifth ward ; A. Pierce, the sixth ward ; P. 
Turbot, the seventh ward ; W. B. Herrick, the eighth 
ward ; and Samuel McKay, the ninth ward. 

1849. Peter Page and E. C. Bristol, represented the 
first ward ; George W. Snow, the second ward ; William 
H. Adams, the third ward ; A. G. Throop, the fourth 
ward ; E. J. Chapin, the fifth ward ; J. E. Killick, the 
sixth ward ; George Brady, the seventh ward ; H. E. Pay- 
son, the eighth ward ; and F. C. Hagerman, the ninth 
ward. 

1850. Peter Page, represented the first ward ; I. L. 
Milliken, the second ward ; S. J. Sherwood, the third 
ward ; Eobert H. Foss, the fourth ward ; John C. Haines, 
the fifth ward ; G. W. Wentworth, the sixth ward ; Elihu 



CHICAGO'S COUNCILS. 105 

Granger, the seventh ward ; John C. Dodge, the eighth 
ward ; and E. J. Han ilton, the ninth ward. 

1851. John Sears, Jr., represented the first ward; 
Hugh Maher, the second ward ; William Wheeler, the third 
ward ; A. G. Throop, the fourth ward ; J. L. James, the 
fifth ward ; Daniel Elston and Read A. Williams, the sixth 
ward ; 0. E. Moore, the seventh ward ; Eobert Malcom, 
the eighth ward ; and F. C. Hagerman and W. L. New- 
berry, the ninth ward. 

1852. Eli B. Williams, represented the first ward; 
Isaac L. Milliken, the second ward ; 0. J. Rose, the third 
ward ; Charles McDonnell, the fourth ward ; John C. 
Haines, the fifth ward ; T. B. Dwyer and A. C. Ellithorpe, 
the sixth ward; Ezra Tayler, the seventh ward; A. J. 
Brown, the eighth ward ; and John H. Kinzie, the ninth 
ward. The election in the sixth ward, between Ellithorpe 
and Dwyer, was contested by the latter, and the council 
ordered a special election, at which Alderman Dwyer was 
elected, after Ellithorpe had occupied a seat in the council 
for about a month. 

1853. A. D. Taylor, represented the first ward; John 
Evans, the second ward ; J. H. Gray, the third ward ; 
William Kennedy, the fourth ward ; W. H. Scoville, the 
fifth ward ; William Carpenter, the sixth ward ; Michael 
O'Neill, the seventh ward ; F. A. Hoffman, the eighth 
ward ; and H. A. Mitchell, the ninth ward. 

1854. Eli B. Williams, represented the first ward ; 
Levi D. Boone, the second ward ; William L. Church, the 
third ward ; J. C. Outhet, the fourth ward ; J. D. Ward, 
the fifth ward ; William Wayman, the sixth ward ; Elihu 
Granger, the seventh ward ; W. H. Stickney, the eighth 
ward; and Morgan L. Keith, the ninth ward. 

1855. Sylvester Sexton, represented the first ward ; 
T. Allen (two years) and R. M. Hough (one year) the sec- 
ond ward ; Lorenzo Fletcher, the third ward ; William 



106 THE POLITICAL HISTORY OF CHICAGO. 

Colby, the fourth ward ; C. N. Holden, the fifth ward ; 
A. C. Ellithorpe, the sixth ward; J. L. Howe, the sev- 
enth ward ; Samuel Ashton, the eighth ward; and Samuel 
McKay, the ninth ward . 

1856. James Long represented the first ward ; L. A. 
Willard and . Kendall, the second ward ; Calvin De- 
Wolf, the third ward ; Samuel Myers, the fourth ward ; 
Kussell Green, the fifth ward; Henry Greenebaum and 
John Dempsey, the sixth ward; L. D. Larue; and C. L. 
Niehoff, the eighth ward; and Michael Diversey, the ninth 
ward. Mr. Kendall was elected in July, 1856, vice Thomas 
Allen resigned. Mr. Niehoff, in June, vice Samuel Ash- 
ton, resigned. 

1857. This year another ward was created. William 
Bross represented the first ward ; . Kendall, the second 
ward ; H . Joy, the third ward ; J . M . Kennedy, the 
fourth ward; A. Carter, the fifth ward; George Sitts, the 
sixth ward; John Dunlap, the seventh ward; C. Wahl, 
the eighth ward; P. Conley, the ninth ward; D. Coughlin 
and J . Schmidt, the tenth ward . 

1858. James Long, the first ward; Charles H. Ab- 
bott and S. McClevy, the second ward; L. J. North, the 
third ward ; S. Meyers, the fourth ward; J. D. Ward, the 
fifth ward; J. Van Horn, the sixth ward; H. Wendt, the 
seventh ward; A. J. Wright, the eighth ward; B. Carpen- 
ter, the ninth ward; and A. Enzenbacher, the tenth 
ward. 

1859. J. K. Botsford, represented the first ward; 
Jacob Harris, the second ward; F. Jones, the third ward; 
J. M. Kennedy, the fourth ward; L. B. Taft, the fifth 
ward; C. A. Reno, the sixth ward; J. Alston, the seventh 
ward; C. Wahl, the eighth ward; J. A. Huck, the ninth 
ward, and John Comiskey, the tenth ward. 

1860. William Colby represented the first ward; J. 
M. Marshall, the second ward; H. Joy, the third ward; 



CHICAGO'S COUNCILS. 107 

S. Meyers, the fourth ward; Robert H. Foss, the fifth 
ward; J. W. Cobb, the sixth ward; G. S. Hubbard, the 
seventh ward;E. Prindiville, the eighth ward; G. Perkins, 
the ninth ward; and M. McDonald, the tenth ward. 

1861. J. K. Botsford represented the first ward; J. Q. 
Hoy t, the second ward; A. D. Titsworth, the third ward; 
W. Baragwanath, the fourth ward; C. C. P. Holden, the 
fifth ward; E. S. Solomon, the sixth ward; Alonzo Har- 
vey, the seventh ward; W. G-. "White, the eighth ward; 
Robert Law, the ninth ward, and John Comiskey, the 
tenth ward. 

1862. John F. Edwards represented the first ward, 
Peter Shimp, the second ward; James A. Harper, the third 
ward; A. Schall, the fourth ward; W. A. Groves, the fifth 
ward; F. C. Brown, the sixth ward; James Conlan, the 
seventh ward; C. L. Woodman, the eighth ward; W. T. 
Schufeldt, the ninth ward, and R. Sheridan, the tenth 
ward. 

1863. The number of wards was increased to fifteen. 
A. D. Titsworth, represented the second ward; James H. 
Roberts and Stephen Barrett, the third ward; B. E. Gal- 
lup, the fourth ward; Const&ntine Kann and Mark Sheri- 
dan, the fifth ward; David Walsh and M. McDonald, the 
sixth ward; James E. Abbott and John Comiskey, the sev- 
enth ward; Richard Clarke, the eighth ward; Mancel Tal- 
cott, the ninth ward; George Himrod and C. C. P. Holden, 
the tenth ward; G. Von Hollen and L. L. Bond, the elev- 
enth ward; W. Gastfield and Chris. Cassleman, the twelfth 
ward; J. M. Armstrong and David Alickner, the thirteenth 
ward; Valentine Ruh and Anton Hottinger, the fourteenth 
ward, and Michael Sullivan, the fifteenth ward. Titsworth, 
Roberts, Gallup, Kann, Walsh, Abbott, Clark, Talcott, 
Himrod, Von Hollen, Gastfield, Armstrong, Ruh and Sul- 
livan had two-year terms. 

1864. Sixteen wards. George W. Gage and Charles 



108 THE POLITICAL HISTORY OF CHICAGO. 

D. Peacock, represented the first ward; Peter Sheimp, the 
second ward; Stephen Barrett, the third ward; Samuel 
McRoy, the fourth ward; Mark Sheridan, the fifth ward; 
John Wallwork, the sixth ward; Joseph Sherwin and John 
Comiskey, the seventh ward; Patrick Rafferty, the eighth 
ward; Willard Woodard, the ninth ward; C. C. P. 
Holden, the tenth ward; L. L. Bond, the eleventh ward; 
N. W. Huntley, the twelfth ward; Mathias Franzen, the 
thirteenth ward; A. Hottinger, the fourteenth ward; Iver 
Lawson, the fifteenth ward, and C. L. Woodman and J. J. 
O'Sullivan, the sixteenth ward. 

1865. J. C. Knickerbocker, represented the first ward; 
William H. Carter, the second ward; Charles G. Wicker, 
the third ward; H. M. Wilmarth, the fourth ward; Con- 
stantine Kann, the fifth ward; T. C. Hatch, the sixth 
ward; Avery Moore, the seventh ward; M. L. Frisbie, the 
eighth ward; Mancel Talcott, the ninth ward; Edmund 
Bixby, the tenth ward; S. I. Eussell, the eleventh Avard; 
William Gastfield, the twelfth ward; L. Proudfoot, the 
thirteenth ward; Valentine Huh, the fourteenth ward; 
Samuel Shackford, the fifteenth ward, and Robert Clark, 
the sixteenth ward. 

1866. William Cox, represented the first ward; C. De- 
Wolf, the second ward; Stephen Barrett, the third ward; 
A. C. Calkins, the fourth ward; M. Finucane, the fifth 
ward; J. Wai work, the sixth ward; Max Schuler, the sev- 
enth ward; P. Rafferty, the eighth ward; W. Woodard, 
the ninth ward; C. C. P. Holden, the tenth ward; H. 
Ackoff, the eleventh ward; N. W. Huntley, the twelfth 
ward; M. Franzen, the thirteenth ward; R, Engle, the 
fourteenth ward; Iver Lawson, the fifteenth ward, and J. 
J. O'Sullivan and M. O'Sullivan, the sixteenth ward. Aid. 
J. J. O'Sullivan died Oct. 10, 1H66, and M. O'Sullivan 
was elected to fill the vacancy. 

1867. J. C. Knickerbocker represented the first ward; 



CHICAGO'S COUNCILS. 109 

Arthur Dixon, the second ward; Charles G. Wicker, the 
third ward; Samuel McRoy, the fourth ward; John Raber, 
the fifth ward; David AValsh, the sixth ward; John Macal- 
ister, the seventh ward; John Comiskey, the eighth ward; 
John H. Carpenter, the ninth ward; E. Bixby, the tenth 
ward; S. I. Russell, the eleventh ward; C. Casselman and 
John Buehler, the twelfth ward; George T. Beebe, the 
thirteenth ward; Theodore Schintz, the fourteenth ward, 
Samuel Shackford, the fifteenth ward; and George B. Man- 
sur, the sixteenth ward. 

Alderman Bixby died December 5, 1867, and Alvin 
Salisbury was elected to fill the vacancy. 

1868. William Cox, represented first ward; P. M. Don- 
nellan, the second ward; Stephen Barrett, of the third 
ward, died May 21, 1868, and James A. Hahn was elected 
to fill the vacancy; A. C. Calkins represented the fourth 
ward; Mark Sheridan, the fifth ward; Michael Keeley, the 
sixth ward; J. H. Hildreth, the seventh ward; P. Rafferty, 
the eighth ward; W. Woodard, the ninth ward; Alvin Sal- 
isbury and C. C. P. Holden, the tenth ward; B. F. Rus- 
sell, the eleventh ward; John Buehler, the twelfth ward; 
K. G. Schmidt, the thirteenth ward; Louis A. Berger, the 
fourteenth ward ; John Herting, the fifteenth ward; and 
Edward Kehoe, the sixteenth ward. 

By the act passed March 10, 1869, by the General As- 
sembly, the city was divided into twenty wards, and the 
time for the city election changed from April to Novem- 
ber. The persons then in office held their respective 
positions until the first Monday of December, 1869. 

1869-70. Richard Somers and William Cox represented 
the first ward; Arthur Dixon and P. M. Donnellan, the 
second ward; Joseph A. Montgomery and James A. Hahn, 
the third ward; John H. McAvoy and A. C. Calkins, the 
fourth ward; George S. Whitaker and Peter Daggy, the 
fifth ward; William Tracy, Mark Sheridan and Daniel 



110 THE POLITICAL HISTORY OF CHICAGO. 

Heenan, the sixth ward; William Batterman and P. J. 
Hickey, the seventh ward; William S. Powell and James 
H. Hildreth, the eighth ward; George Powell and John 
Comiskey, the ninth ward; Thomas Wilce and C. C. P. 
Holden, the tenth ward; James Walsh and B. F. Russell, 
the eleventh ward; Samuel McCotter and Willard Woodard, 
the twelfth ward; James L. Campbell and A. D. Robinson, 
the thirteenth ward; P. B. Shiel and B. G. Gill, the four- 
teenth ward; James J. McGrath and John Buehler; the 
fifteenth ward; James D. Tyler and K. G. Schmidt, the 
sixteenth ward; Theodore Schintz and Louis A. Berger, 
the seventeenth ward; Thomas Carney and A. Bengley, 
the eighteenth ward; James Macauley and John Herting, 
the nineteenth ward; and M. A. Divine and Edward Kehoe, 
the twentieth ward. Mark Sheridan resigned, and Daniel 
Heenan was elected Jan 8, 1870. 

1870-71. J. J. Knickerbocker and Richard Somers rep- 
resented the first ward; Joseph E. Otis and Arthur Dixon, 
the second ward; Daniel Coey and Joseph A. Montgomery, 
the third ward; Harvey M. Thompson and John H. 
McAvoy, the fourth ward; Peter Daggy and George S. 
Whitaker, the fifth ward; Michael Schmitz and William 
Tracy, the sixth ward; P. J. Hickey and William Bat- 
ter man, the seventh ward; Michael B. Bailey and William 
S. Powell, the eighth ward; W. B. Bateham and George 
Powell, the ninth ward; C. C. P. Holden and Thomas 
Wilce, the tenth ward; Herman 0. Glade and James Walsh, 
the eleventh ward; Henry Whitbeck and Samuel McCotter, 
the twelfth ward; S. S. Gardner and James L. Campbell, 
the thirteenth ward; B. G. Gill and P. B. Shiel, the 
fourteenth ward; John Buehler and James J. McGrath, 
the fifteenth ward; K. G. Schmidt and James D. Tyler, 
the sixteenth ward; Louis Schaffner and Theodore Schintz, 
the seventeenth ward; John McCaffery and Thomas 
Carney, the eighteenth ward; William M. Clarke and 



CHICAGO'S COUNCILS. Ill 

James McCauley, the nineteenth ward; and Gustavus A. 
Busse and M. A. Devine, the twentieth ward. 

1871-72. Chatincey T. Bowen and John J. Knicker- 
bocker represented the first ward; Arthur Dixon and Jo- 
seph E. Otis, the second ward; John McGenniss and David 
Coey, the third ward; John H. McAvoy and Harvey M. 
Thompson, the fourth ward; E. B. Stone and Peter Daggy, 
the fifth ward; William Tracy and Michael Schmitz, the 
sixth ward; Edward F. Cullerton and P. J. Hickey, the 
seventh ward; J. Clowry and M. B. Bailey, the eighth ward; 
George Powell and William B. Bateham, the ninth ward; 
Lester L. Bond and C. C. P. Holden, the tenth ward; Henry 
Sweet and H. 0. Glade and T. T. Verdier, the eleventh 
ward; Monroe Heath and Henry Whitbeck, the twelfth 
ward; George W. Sherwood and S. S. Gardner, the 
thirteenth ward; S. E. Cleveland and B. G. Gill, the 
fourteenth ward; J. J. McGrath and John Buehler, the 
fifteenth ward; Thomas Stout and K. G. Schmidt, the 
sixteenth ward; Jacob Lengacher and Louis Schaffner, the 
seventeenth ward; Thomas Carney and John McCaffrey, 
the eighteenth ward; Mahlen. D. Ogden and William 
M. Clarke, the nineteenth ward; and Charles L. Wood- 
man and G. A. Busse, the twentieth ward. 

1872-73. William H. Eichardson and Chauncey T. 
Bowen represented the first ward; Francis W. Warren and! 
Arthur Dixon, the second ward; David Coey and John W. 
McGennis, the third ward; George H. Sidwell and John 
H. McAvoy, the fourth ward; A. H. Pickering and E. 
B. Stone, the fifth ward; Michael Schmitz and William 
Tracey, the sixth ward; P. McClory and E. F. Cullerton, 
the seventh ward; M. B. Bailey and Jeremiah Clowry, the 
eighth ward; James O'Brien and George Powell, the ninth 
ward; David W. Clarke, jr., and L. L. Bond, the tenth 
ward; P. Kehoe and Henry Sweet, the eleventh ward; A. 
F. Miner and Monroe Heath, the twelfth ward; A very 



112 THE POLITICAL HISTORY OF CHICAGO. 

Moore and George "W. Sherwood, the thirteenth ward; 
Bart Quirk and S. E. Cleveland, the fourteenth ward; N. 
Eckhart and James J. McGrath, the fifteenth ward; Peter 
Mahr and Thomas W. Stout, the sixteenth ward; Louis 
Schaffner and Jacob Lengacher, the seventeenth ward; 
Thomas Cannon and Thomas Carney, the eighteenth 
ward; Michael Brand and M. D. Ogden, the nineteenth 
ward; and John T. Corcoran and C. L. Woodman, the 
twentieth ward. 

1873-74. William H. Eichardson and Thomas Foley 
represented the first ward; Arthur Dixon and F. W. 
Warren, the second ward; William Fitzgerald and David 
Coey, the third ward; Jesse Spauldingand George H. Sid- 
well, the fourth ward; E. B. Stone and A. H. Pickering, 
the fifth ward; Philip Eeidy and M. Schmitz, the sixth 
ward; E. F. Cullerton and P. McClory, the seventh ward; 
James H. Hildreth and M. B. Bailey, the eighth ward; 
Thomas H. Bailey and James O'Brien, the ninth ward; 
C. L. Woodman and D. W. Clarke, jr., the tenth ward; 
George E. White and P. Kehoe, the eleventh ward; 
Monroe Heath and A. F. Miner, the twelfth ward; James 
L. Campbell and Avery Moore, the thirteenth ward; S. 
E. Cleveland and Bart. Quirk, the fourteenth ward; J. 
J . McGrath and M . Eyan and N . Eckhardt, the fifteenth 
ward; Thomas W. Stout and Peter Mahr, the sixteenth 
ward; Jacob Lengacher and Louis Schaffner, the seven- 
teenth ward; David Murphy and Thomas Cannon, the 
eighteenth ward; Thomas Lynch and Michael Brand, the 
nineteenth ward; and Julius Jonas and J. T. Corcoran, 
the twentieth ward. J. J. McGrath resigned June 22, 
1873, and M. Eyan was elected to fill vacancy. 

1874-'75. William H. Eichardson and Thomas Foley 
represented the first ward ; F. W. Warren and Arthur Dix- 
on the second ward ; David Coey and William Fitzgerald 
the third ward ; Eeusselaer Stone and Jesse Spaulding 



CHICAGO'S COUNCILS. 113 

the fourth ward ; Thomas C . Clark and E . B . Stone the 
fifth ward ; Fred Sommer and Philip Keidy the sixth 
ward ; P. McClory and E. F. Cnllerton the seventh ward; 
P. 0. McDonald and James H. Hildreth the eighth ward; 
James O'Brien and Thomas H. Bailey the ninth ward ; D. 
W. Clarke, Jr., and C. L. Woodman, the tenth ward; S. 
F. Gimderson and George E. White the eleventh ward; A. 
N . Watterman and Monroe Heath the twelfth ward ; C . 
H. Case and James L. Campbell the thirteenth ward; 
Bart Quirk and S. E. Cleveland the fourteenth ward ; N. 
Eckhardt and M. Ryan the fifteenth ward ; Peter Mahr 
and Thomas W. Stout, the sixteenth ward ; Louis Schaff- 
ner and Jacob Lengacher the seventeenth ward ; M . Swee- 
ny and David, Murphy the eighteenth ward ; William B . 
Dickinson and Thomas Lynch the nineteenth ward ; and 
John T. Corcoran and Julius Jonas the twentieth ward. 

Under the new law of 1875, the city was divided into 
eighteen wards, and persons holding offices that year held 
over until May, 1876. 

1876. John T. McAuley and D. K. Pearsons repre- 
sented the first ward ; Jacob Rosenberg and Addison Bal- 
lard, the second ward; John L. Thompson and William 
Aldrich, the third ward ; John W . Stewart and James H . 
Gilbert, the fourth ward; Fred Sommer .and Mark Sheri- 
dan, the fifth ward; Edward F. Cullerton and Fred Lod- 
ding, the sixth ward; James H. Hildreth, Charles Tar- 
now, and Henry Kerber, the seventh ward; Frank Lawler 
and James O'Brien, the eighth ward; John Van Osdel and 
Jacob Beidler, the ninth ward; George E. White and An- 
drew F. Smith, the tenth ward; A. G. Throop and J. G. 
Riggs, the eleventh ward; James T. Rawleigh and S. H. 
McCrea, the twelfth ward; William Wheeler and S. E. 
Cleveland, the thirteenth ward; John Baumgarten and M. 
Ryan, the fourteenth ward; A. W. Waldo and Frank 
Niesen, the fifteenth ward; Frank Linsenbarth and Jacob 



114 THE POLITICAL HISTORY OF CHICAGO. 

Lengacher, the sixteenth ward; M. Sweeney and David 
Murphy, the seventeenth ward; and James A. Kirk and 
Jacob Bozer, the eighteenth ward . 

At the election of this year Thomas Hoyne was duly de- 
clared elected Mayor. But Mr. Colvin, the incumbent, 
refused to yield possession of his office on the plea that he 
was entitled to "hold over." Both appealed. to the courts 
and the result was a failure of each of the contestants to 
sustain his position. The council ordered a special elec- 
tion, and Monroe Heath was elected Mayor July 12, 1876. 

1877. D. K. Pearsons and J. T. McAuley represented 
the first ward; Addison Ballard and Jacob Rosenberg, the 
second ward; Eugene Gary and John L. Thompson, the 
third ward ; James H. Gilbert and John "W. Stewart, the 
fourth ward; John D. Tully and Fred Sommer, the fifth 
ward; Fred Lodding and E. F. Cullerton, the sixth ward; 
Henry Kerber and Charles Tarnow, the seventh ward; 
R. M. Oliver and Frank Lawler, the eighth ward; Jacob 
Beidler and J. M. Van Osdel, the ninth ward; M. McNur- 
ney and George E. White, the tenth ward; A. B. Cook and 
A. G. Throop, the eleventh ward; S. G. Seaton and James 
T. Rawleigh, the twelfth ward; H. P. Thompson and 
William Wheeler, the thirteenth ward; M. Ryan and John 
Baumgarten, the. fourteenth ward; Frank Niesen and A. 
W. Waldo, the fifteenth ward; M. Schweisthal and F. Lin- 
senbarth, the sixteenth ward; Bernard Jaussens and M. 
Sweeney, the seventeenth ward; and J. H. B. Daly and 
James A. Kirk, the eighteenth ward. At the election of 
April 3, 1877, Hildreth received the greatest number of 
votes cast, but was declared ineligible. John Riordan con- 
tested the election, having received the next greatest num- 
ber of votes. The contest not ending in the year, Henry 
Kerber held the seat until April, 1878. 

1878-79. D. K. Pearsons and M. F. Tuley represented 
the first ward; A. Ballard and P. Sanders, the second ward; 



CHICAGO'S COUNCILS. 115 

Eugene Gary and 0. B. Phelps, the third ward; James H. 
Gilbert and H. E. Mallory, the fourth ward; J. D. Tully 
and George Turner, the fifth ward; Fred Lodding and E. 
F. Cullerton, the sixth Avard; John Kiordan and John 
McNally, the seventh ward; R. M. Oliver and Frank Law- 
ler, the eighth ward; Jacob Beidler and J. M. Smyth, the 
ninth ward; M. McNurney and John Eiszner, the tenth 
ward; A. B. Cook and A. G. Throop, the eleventh ward; 
S E. Saton and James T. Rawleigh, the twelfth ward; 
H. P. Thompson and A. C. Knopf, the thirteenth ward; 
M. Eyan and F. Stauber, the fourteenth ward; Frank 
Niesen and A. W. Waldo, the fifteenth ward; M. Schweis- 
thal and P. S. Wetterer, the sixteenth ward; B. Janssens 
and John McCaffrey, the seventeenth ward; J. H. B. Daly 
and Julius Jonas, the eighteenth ward . 

1879-80. Arthur Dixon and Swayne Wickersham rep- 
resented the first ward; P. Sanders and A. Ballard, the 
second ward; 0. B. Phelps and John M. Clark, the third 
ward; H. E. Mallory and A. Grannis, the fourth ward; 
George Turner and M. McAuley, the fifth ward; E. F. 
Cullerton and J . J. Altpeter, the sixth ward; John Mc- 
Nally and John Riordan, the seventh ward; Frank Lawler 
and Thomas Purcell, the eighth ward; J. M. Smyth and 
James Peevy, the ninth ward; John Eiszner and M. Mc- 
Nurney, the tenth ward; George B. Swift and A. G. 
Throop, the eleventh ward; James T. Rawleigh and J. D. 
Everett, the twelfth ward; A. C. Knopf tind H. P. 
Thompson, the thirteenth ward; F. A. Stauber and R. 
Lorenz, the fourteenth ward; A. W. Waldo and A. Meyer, 
the fifteenth ward; P. Wetterer and Chris. Meier, the six- 
teenth ward; John McCaffrey and E. P. Barrett, the sev- 
enteenth ward; and Julius Jonas and W. G. McCormick, 
the eighteenth ward . Wickersham was elected Sept. 24, 
1879, to succeed M. F. Tuley, who resigned. 

1880-81. Arthur Dixon and Swayne Wickersham repre- 



110 THE POLITICAL HISTORY OF CHICAGO. 

sented the first ward; Addison Ballard and P. Sanders, the 
second ward; John M. Clark and D. L. Shorey, the third 
ward ; A. Grannis and William W. Watkins, the fourth 
ward ; M. McAuley and E. P. Burke, the fifth ward ; J. 
J. Altpeter and E. F. Cullerton, the sixth ward ; John 
Riordan and James H. Hildreth, the seventh ward ; 
Thomas Purcell and Frank Lawler, the eighth ward ; 
James Peevey and John M. Smyth, the ninth ward ; M. 
McNurney and II. Schroeder, the tenth ward ; George B. 
Swift and Thomas N. Bond, the eleventh ward ; J. D. 
Everett and Alvin Hulbert, the twelfth ward ; H. P. 
Thompson and 0. M. Brady, the thirteenth ward ; R. 
Lorenz and F. A. Stauber, the fourteenth ward ; Adam 
Meyer and William S. Young, Jr., the fifteenth ward ; 
Chris. Meier and Anton Imhoff, the sixteenth ward ; E. 
P. Barratt and John Murphy, the seventeenth ward ; and 
W. G. McCormick and A. H. Burley, the eighteenth 
ward. 

1881-2. Arthur Dixon and Swayne Wickersham, rep- 
resented the first ward ; Patrick Sanders and James T. 
Appleton, the second ward ; D. L, Shorey and 0. B. 
Phelps, the third ward; 0. D. Wetherell and W. W. 
Watkins, the fourth ward ; Edward P. Burke and Henry 
F. Sheridan, the fifth ward ; Edward F. Cullerton and J. 
J. Altpeter, the sixth ward ; James H. Hildreth and John 
Riordan, the seventh ward ; Frank Lawler and Thomas 
Purcell, the eighth ward ; John N. Smyth and James 
Peevy, the ninth ward ; Henry Schroeder and Daniel Nel- 
son, the tenth ward ; Thomas N. Bond and Thaddeus 
Dean, the eleventh ward ; Alvin Hulbert and Joseph D. 
Everett, the twelfth ward ; 0. M. Brady and James M. 
W T anzer, the thirteenth ward ; Frank A. Stauber and 
Clemens Hirsch, the fourteenth ward; W. S. Young, Jr., 
and Adam Meyer, the fifteenth ward ; Anton Imhof and 
Chris. Meier, the sixteenth ward ; John Murphy and 



CHICAGO'S COUNCILS. 117 

Edward P. Barrett, the seventeenth ward, and A. H. 
Burley and Frank M. Blair, the eighteenth ward. 

1882-83. Arthur Dixon and Swayne Wickersham, 
represented the first ward; J. T. Appleton and P. Sanders, 
the second ward; D. L. Shorey and 0. B. Phelps, the 
third ward; 0. D. "Wetherell and S. D. Foss, the fourth 
ward; E. P. Burke and H. F. Sheridan, the fifth ward; 
J. J. Altpeter and E. Fullerton, the sixth ward; John Rior- 
dan and J. H. Hildreth, the seventh ward; Thomas Purcell 
and Frank Lawler, the eighth ward; James Peevy and M. 
Gaynor, the ninth ward; Daniel Nelson and George E. White, 
the tenth ward; Thad. Dean and T. N. Bond, the eleventh 
ward; J. D. Everett and John Marder, the twelfth ward; 
J. M. Wanzer and J. E. Dalton, the thirteenth ward; 
Clemens Hirsch and M. Ryan, the fourteenth ward; Adam 
Meyer and James M. Quinn, the fifteenth ward; Chris. 
Meier and J. H. Colvin, the sixteenth ward; E. P. Bar- 
rett and John Sweeney, the seventeenth ward; and F. M. 
Blair and J . E . Geohegan, the eighteenth ward . 

1883-84. Arthur Dixon and Swayne Wickersham, 
represented the first ward; James T. Appleton and P. 
Sanders, the second ward; D. L. Shorey and Frank Fol- 
lansbee, the third ward; 0. D. Wetherell and S. D. Foss, 
the fourth ward; E. P. Burke and H. F. Sheridan, the 
fifth ward; Charles F. L. Doerner and Edward F. Culler- 
ton, the sixth ward; John Riordan and J. H. Hildreth, 
the seventh ward; Thomas Purcell and Frank Lawler, the 
eighth ward; John Foley and M. Gaynor, the ninth ward; 
James Walsh and George E. White, the tenth ward; Sam- 
uel Simons and T. N. Bond, the eleventh ward; Walter 
S. Hull and John Marder, the twelfth ward; John E. 
Dalton and John Lyke, the thirteenth ward; M. Ryan 
and Frank Schack, the fourteenth ward; James M. Quinn 
and William Eisfeldt, Jr., the fifteenth ward; J. H. Col- 
vin and Henry Severin, the sixteenth ward; John Sweeney 



118 THE POLITICAL HISTOKY OF CHICAGO. 

and A. J. Sullivan, the seventeenth ward: J. E. Geohegan 
and William E. Manierre, the eighteenth ward. 

1884-85. Arthur Dixon and AV. P. Whelan represented 
the first ward; Patrick Sanders and James T. Appleton, the 
second ward; D. L. Shorey and Charles AV. Drew, the third 
ward; Thomas C. Clarke and 0. D. AVetherell, the fourth 
ward; E. P. Burke and Henry T. Sheridan, the fifth ward; 
Ed . F . Cullerton and C . F . L . Doerner, the sixth ward ; 
J . H . Hildreth and Joseph M . AVeber, the seventh ward ; 
Frank Lawler and K. F. Sheridan, the eighth ward; AVil- 
liam F. Mahoney and John Gaynor, the ninth ward; M. 
McNurney and Stephen P. Eevere, the tenth ward; T. N. 
Bond and Samuel Simons, the eleventh ward; J. L. Camp- 
bell and AValter S. Hull, the twelfth ward; John E. Dai- 
ton and John AV. Lyke, the thirteenth ward; Michael 
Eyan and Frank Schack, the fourteenth ward; AVilliam S. 
Young, Jr., and AVilliam Eisfeldt, Jr., the fifteenth ward; 
John H. Colvin and Henry Severin, the sixteenth ward; 
John Sweeney and John A. Linn, the seventeenth ward; 
and John T . Noyes and William E . Manierre, the eigh- 
teenth ward. 

ARTHUR DIXON. 

The senior alderman of the first ward has succeeded 
himself repeatedly in the City Council. He was born in 
Fermanaugh county, Ireland, in 1838, and locating in 
Pittsburgh, Pa., at the age of fifteen went to farming. In 
1860 he came to Chicago, and worked as a porter in a gro- 
cery store. Shortly after he commenced teaming and he 
is engaged in the same business today on an extensive 
scale. Mr. Dixon has been very successful politically. In 
1870 he was elected to the General Assembly, where he dis- 
tinguished himself by his efforts in the one-mill tax matter 
on special assessments and in the alleged Springfield clique 
question. Among the prominent positions he has held he 
has been elected to the national executive committee, by 



CHICAGO'S COUNCILS. 119 

the Irish Republican Convention, and was afterward made 
treasurer thereof ; has been placed on the Republican ex- 
ecutive committee, and selected a member of the Irish Lit- 
erary Society. 

w. P. WHELAN. 

The jovial and easy-going colleague of Arthur Dixon is 
a Chicago boy. He first saw the light of day in the old 
Lake House, at the corner of Rush and South Water 
streets, Dec. 9, 1850. He has always taken an active part 
in politics, was elected to the City Council, April, 1884, 
and reflected under the new election law. Mr. Whelan is 
engaged in the liquor business on Clark street. 

JAMES T. APPLETON. 

James T. Appleton, of the second ward, enjoys the 
proud distinction of being the only man in the council 
elected from the ward in which he was born. He is 
now thrity-eight years of age, but looks much younger. 
The alderman's mother was in Chicago as early as 
1833, and today speaks of Indian massacres as if they 
took place only yesterday. Marrying a pioneer in July, 
1833, she originally located on the North Branch, but 
eventually located about 1838 in the ward her son now 
represents. She knows every foot of that district. Alder- 
man Appleton at the outbreak of the war enlisted and 
served with distinction for four years with the Tenth Illi- 
nois Cavalry, participating in many hot engagements un- 
der Generals Banks and Steele in Arkansas and Missouri. 
As a carrier of dispatches his experience was many times 
thrilling and quite frequently amusing, time and again 
passing among the confederates as one of their number. 
He narrowly escaped capture at Milliken's Bend and Little 
Rock in company with a relative and companion despatch 
carrier, John L. Haslett. He was here shot through the 
coat collar. For years he has been prominent in the 



120 THE POLITICAL HISTORY OF CHICAGO. 

councils of the Democracy. He was spoken of at one time 
for County Commissioner, but withdrew in favor of 
Colonel Cleary who was elected. 

GEORGE MUELLER. 

Mr. Mueller of the second ward, whose campaign 
against Patrick Sanders furnished considerable amusement, 
is a native of Denmark, and was born in 1846. He is pro- 
prietor of a hotel on State street and also owns a saloon. 

CHARLES W. DREW. 

The alderman representing the third ward was born in 
Cato, Cayuga County, New York, April 19, 1835. He is 
a war veteran, having served four years for the Union with 
the gallant 75th New York Volunteers. Mr. Drew is a 
thorough military man, and his services were recognized 
by promotion to a brigadier generalship before he left the 
army. 

DAVID H. GILE. 

David H. Grile, of the third ward, was born near Bangor, 
Maine, in 1836. He was educated in Lowell, Massachusetts, 
He was the first man to join Barker's Dragoons in 1861 in 
Chicago. He joined the Fourth Illinois Cavalry as a 
lieutenant and had a horse shot under him at Champion 
Hills. He raised one hundred and eighty men for the 
Union service in this city. He is heavily interested in real 
estate. He was elected independently under the new 
election law. 

OSCAR D. WETHERELL. 

The dignified Kepublican alderman from the fourth 
ward in the City Council is a well-known lumber merchant, 
and is at present doing a flourishing business on Wood 
street near Blue Island avenue. He was born in Bath, 
New Hampshire, in 1834. In 1853 he came to Chicago 
and has been engaged in the lumber traffic ever since. 



CHICAGO'S COUNCILS. 121 

THOMAS C. CLARKE. 

Thomas Cordis Clarke, alderman of the fourth ward, 
was born in Boston, Massachusetts, June 6, 1843. On 
leaving school he entered the hardware and iron trade and 
has been engaged in that business up to date, except when 
in the army, which he entered as a private in Company B, 
Thirty-ninth Massachusetts Volunteers. His record was 
one of the best in the service, as several promotions follow- 
ing in quick succession amply attested. He was mustered 
out as ordnance officer of the Third division of the Fifth 
army corps with the rank of major. 

In 1863 Alderman Clarke came to Chicago and estab- 
lished himself in the hardware and iron trade. His busi- 
ness record was so excellent, and his personal bearing so 
pleasant, that he soon won the respect and confidence of 
the public. He was elected a member of the City Council 
from the fifth ward November 3, 1874, by a majority of 
596. On April 1, 1884, he was elected by a majority of 
361 to represent the fourth ward, formerly the fifth. Alder- 
man Clarke is a member of the committee on licenses, 
printing and streets and alleys for the South Division. He 
was reflected under the new election law. 

HENRY F. SHERIDAN". 

Henry F. Sheridan, of the fifth, is serving his third 
term in the City Council, and is Chairman of the Commit- 
tee on Fire and Water . He is a cooper by trade and trans- 
acts a most remunerative business. He was born Dec. 
15, 1847, in Wexford, Ireland, and came to America when 
very young. He has served in the General Assembly of 
Illinois and is well versed in parliamentary tactics. Al- 
derman Sheridan is a very popular man. He was the 
Democratic nominee in the Second Congressional District 
when John F. Finerty was elected to Congress on an inde- 
pendent ticket. Both gentlemen are strong Irish Nation- 



122 THE POLITICAL HISTORY OF CHICAGO. 

alists, and ran in a district which was conceded to be 
Irish. 

CHAS. HILLOCK. 

Elected under the new election law, in the fifth ward, 
Mr . Hillock has a strong following . He does a large sash, 
door and blind business at 2715 and 2717 Main street. He 
was born in Armagh, Ireland, in 1836, and has been a hard 
worker ever since he was 14 years of age. He is a con- 
tented bachelor. 

C. F. L. DOERNER. 

The junior Alderman of the sixth ward was born in 
Nassau, in the Province of Hessen-Nassau, Prussia, in 1851. 
The family came to Chicago when the future Alderman 
was five years of age, the father embarking in the lumber 
business . On the death of the old gentleman the Alder- 
man established a wine and liquor trade on Canalport av- 
enue. Since 1882 he has manifested a lively interest in 
politics, swearing by the Democratic colors in the air or 
in the dust. He ran in 1881 for the aldermanship, but 
was defeated. In the Spring of 1883, however, he was 
elected by a sweeping majority. The Alderman is ex- 
ceedingly popular with the younger element in politics . 
He was reflected. 

EDWARD F. CULLERTON. 

Edward F. Cullerton, who represents the sixth ward 
in the City Council, is recognized as one of the most ex- 
pert political tacticians. He is undoubtedly a great work- 
er, and a shrewd one, taking good care to get a lion's share 
of the appropriations . The Council proceedings attest this 
fact thoroughly . Aid . Cullerton was born in Chicago in 
1842, was educated in the public schools, and when he 
attained his majority had most encouraging prospects ahead 
of him. Old canal men remember Cullerton well, and 
are not slow in speaking flatteringly of his early industry . 



CHICAGO'S COUNCILS. 123 

He was a most successful hotel-keeper, but seemed to have 
found his sphere in the political arena. He is the hero of 
many a political fight, where the odds were apparently 
against him. In 1871 he was elected by a very large ma- 
jority. In 1872 he was elected to the Legislature and dis- 
tinguished himself in the opposition to the West Side Park 
Commissioners' taxation scheme and became an adept in 
parliamentary usage . He has been repeatedly elected to 
the City Council. The immense improvement in the 
southwestern district since Cullerton took hold of it is 
a grand tribute to his relentless energies . He is Chairman 
of the Finance Committee. 

JOSEPH M. WEBER. 

The junior Alderman of the seventh ward, was born 
May 14, 1853, at Brooklyn, N. Y. He came to Chicago 
in the spring of 1856. He attended the Holy Family 
school, the public schools, and finally graduated at Dyren- 
furth college. He was first a messenger in the German 
National Bank, became a book-keeper for a wholesale 
house, was a manufacturer for awhile, and finally drifted 
into his present occupation as a commission dealer in the 
sale of dresed beef, hogs, mutton and veal, at which he has 
been very successful. An election in the seventh ward is 
no small enterprise, as there is always lots of timber in the 
market. The ward is claimed by the Irish Democrats, yet 
it is not so long ago that two German Eepublicans were 
elected there, Kerber and Tarnow. Weber is a Bepubli- 
can. John - Riordan, Chairman of the Committee on 
Police in the City Council at that time, and Messrs. Brady, 
grocer, corner of Blue Island and Center avenues and Car- 
roll, grocer, corner of Ashland avenue and West Four- 
teenth street, were in the field with Weber. Mr. Weber 
was elected in April, 1885. 



124 THE POLITICAL HISTORY OF CHICAGO. 



JAMES H. HILDRETH. 

James Henry Hildreth, senior Alderman of the seventh 
ward, was born in Chester County, Massachusetts, July 8, 
1840, and is of genuine American descent. After farm- 
ing a time in Will county, he came to Chicago and went to 
work as a conductor upon the line of the North Chicago 
City Railway. He soon left this for an appointment as 
Grain Inspector for the Board of Trade. In 1862 he pro- 
ceeded to the front with the Board of Trade battery, and 
was present at the capture of Jefferson Davis. Hildreth, 
on his return from the war, resumed his position on the 
Board of Trade. When the great fire of 1871 was raging 
in Chicago, he immortalized himself as the leader of a 
powder brigade. Through showers of sparks and clouds 
of suffocating smoke, he caused to tremble the Union Na- 
tional Bank, and Smith and Nixon's, and razed to the 
ground the northwest and southwest corners of Washing- 
ton street. He was reflected under the new election law. 

REDMOXD F. SHERIDAN. 

Mr. Sheridan, who is but twenty-six years of age, was 
swept into the Council by an overwhelming vote, having 
been nominated by the Young Democracy. This in the 
face of the fact, that Thomas Purcell, an alderman at the 
time, and one of the oldest residents and business men of 
that section, and Lawrence Yore, the popular milk-dealer, 
were in the field. It may be stated here that one of the 
greatest influences in this campaign was exerted by Ber- 
nard Roesing, of the extensive brewing firm of Bartholomae 
& Roesing, northeast corner of Twelfth and Brown streets. 

Redmond F. Sheridan is the son of Redmond Sheri- 
dan, deceased, who was Alderman in 1859 of the old 
tenth ward, resigned in 1860 to organize the Ninetieth Illi- 
nois Volunteers, served with honor until the close of the 



CHICAGO'S COUNCILS. 125 

war, and was Clerk of the Twelfth Street Police Court at 
the time of his demise. The Alderman's sister is Mother 
Superior of the Convent of the Sacred Heart, that admir- 
able institution at the corner of West Taylor and Throop 
streets, and his brother Frank succeeded his father as Clerk 
of the Twelfth Street Police Court. 

Alderman Sheridan was born in Chicago December 12, 
1859, and was educated in the public schools, Dyrenfurth 
College and the Holy Family School. For ten years he 
was employed in many positions of trust by Henry H . Shu- 
feldt, distiller, and is at present a wholesale liquor dealer. 
In politics he has always been an iron-clad but consistent 
Democrat, and though a young man he is far removed 
from being a novice in political methods, having served in 
the Thirty-third General Assembly of Illinois with prom- 
inence. He was elected Alderman in the spring of 1885. 

LAWRENCE A. YORE. 

This gentleman is the hero of a great triumph in the 
Eighth ward. He knocked out the Democratic machine 
in great shape. He defeated John Long, the regular 
Democratic nominee and can thank William McCarthy the 
coal man, a great deal for his victory. The friends of 
James McCann, the printer, and Matt Murphy, the ex- 
representative were also very active. His career in the 
Council up to date has been signalized by the introduction 
of an ordinance refusing employment to men who have 
not become citizens of the United States of America. He 
is a forcible speaker and at times quite eloquent. Mr. 
Yore was born in 1844 at the corner of Lake and Franklin 
street, Chicago, and belongs to a numerous and respected 
family. 

WILLIAM F. MAHONY. 

This gentleman was elected May 13, 1884, at a special 
election by a preponderating vote to fill the unexpired 



126 . THE POLITICAL HISTOBY OF CHICAGO. 

term of Alderman John Foley, of the ninth who died, a 
victim to consumption. He was nominated by the Demo- 
crats, and the Republicans nominated nobody against him. 

William Francis Mahony was born February 22, on 
West Jackson street, in Chicago, almost directly opposite 
to where he has transacted a flourishing grocery business 
for the last fifteen years. Mr. Mahony owes his election 
to the fact that he was born, educated, and grew up in 
the ward and made friends as he went along in life. He 
is essentially no politician. 

One of the most representative Democrats in this ward 
is Peter Kearns, street inspector. This gentleman was 
born in Boorfield, Eoscommon county, Ireland, October 
23, 1832. He took a prominent part in the Mahony 
campaign. 

J. E. WHEELER. 

Elected in the ninth ward under the new election law 
to succeed John Gaynor, who succeeded his brother 
Michael, who was killed by James Dacey, Mr. Wheeler 
was called a deacon by his political opponents during the 
campaign. The gentleman says he is not a deacon, but 
allows that he is a passable church member. He was born 
in 1827 in Chenango County, N. Y., and served as a school 
commissioner and as a supervisor for two terms. Remov- 
ing to Chicago, he engaged in real estate and is now iden- 
tified with railroad interests. 

STEPHEN P. REVERE. 

The Alderman from the tenth ward, was born July 28, 
1856, in San Andreas, Calaveras county, California, and 
came to Chicago in 1865 . He is a carriage-maker by trade, 
but is engaged at present in the wine and spirits business 
at 258 West Lake street. He was elected in the spring of 
1885, and his majority over James Walsh, who was an 
Alderman at the time, is estimated at 342. The tenth 



CHICAGO'S COUNCILS. 127 

ward is Senator George E . White's old stamping ground, 
and that this gentleman threw his influence into the fight 
in favor of Mr. Revere is pretty generally conceded. 
Eevere seems to be popular with the workers in this section 
of the city, and his friends predict great things for him. 

H. M. I>EAL. 

This gentleman, who succeeded Mr . McNurney in the 
tenth ward, is a Republican, and engaged extensively in 

the real-estate business. 

ij 

SAMUEL SIMONS. 

The Alderman from the eleventh ward, is a large manu- 
facturer of printer's furniture and railroad ticket cases, 
and has been engaged in the business in Chicago for the 
lest twenty-five years. 

Mr. Simons was born in London, England, in 1837. 
He came to America in 1853 and located in New York 
City. In 1855 he came to Chicago, and for five years fol- 
lowed his trade as a carpenter and joiner. From that he 
drifted into his present business . 

SAMUEL KERR. 

Elected under the new election law in the eleventh 
ward, Mr. Kerr was born in McHenry county, Illinois, 
went to Portage, Wisconsin, and graduated from Columbia 
College . He is an attorney . 

WALTER S. HULL. 

Representing the twelfth ward in the City Council, 
Alderman Hull is an attorney, commanding an extensive 
practice. He was born in Industry, Ohio, March 13, 
1847, and probably inherited his political instincts from 
his father, who served his state as a Senator . Alderman 
Hull graduated from Yale College in 1870, and was admit- 
ted to the bar in 1874. He ran ahead of his ticket when 



128 THE POLITICAL HISTORY OF CHICAGO. 

elected from the twelfth. It may be added that Mr. 
Hull's father was Colonel of the Thirty-seventh Indiana, 
and died from the effects of a wound received at the battle 
of Stone Eiver. Alderman Hull is a member of the Com- 
mittee on Judiciary, Police and Printing. 

J. L. CAMPBELL. 

Alderman Campbell was born in Livingston county, N. 
Y., and came to Illinois at the age of nineteen, settling in 
Elgin. He was educated in Iowa University, in Lafayette, 
and has practiced law ever since. He transacts an extens- 
ive real estate business also. 

When the question was agitated of organizing Montana 
Territory, Alderman Campbell first became a public man. 
He was invited to represent that region in congress, but 
was intercepted by a horde of Indians while en route to the 
locality. He was first elected Alderman in 1869. He was. 
repeatedly elected. 

JOHN W. LYKE. 

The senior Alderman of the thirteenth ward is a 
nourishing grain and commission merchant. He was born 
in Schoharie, New York, in 1836, and after some years 
spent in Oswego, came to Chicago. He worked for as little 
as seventy-five cents per day on the "raging canal," and 
soon rose to the proud position of Captain of a canal 
boat. The early life of Alderman Cullerton, by the by, 
was also spent on the canal. During the fire of 1871 
Alderman Lyke was in Havana, 111., but he quickly hur- 
ried to the relief of the destitute of Chicago, with almost 
a million bushels of wheat. Many prominent citizens of 
today remember with great gratitude his magnanimity 
during those trying days. Alderman Lyke is a member of 
the Committee on Fire and Water and Streets and Alleys 
of the West Division and BridewelL 



CHICAGO'S COUNCILS. 129 

JAMES A. LAJSTDON. 

Elected under the new election law, in the thirteenth 
ward, Mr. Landon pursues the even tenor of his way in 
Room 21, 84 LaSalle street. He is unquestionably no pol- 
itician, it being only after the most earnest solicitation 
that he decided to run. He was born in 1841, near Mans- 
field, Tioga County, Pennsylvania. He was a schoolteacher 
and farmer ; joined the One Hundred and Sixth Pennsyl- 
vania in 1861, and was Captain of Company B of the One 
Hundred and Fifty-third Illinois. He was wounded at 
Gettysburg. 

FRANK SCHACK. 

The junior Alderman of the fourteenth ward, Frank 
Schack, was born in Launburg, Germany, in 1836, and 
attended the common school of his native place. When 
he made Chicago his home at the age of thirty, he had 
traveled through the principal cities of the Old World and 
encountered the whims of all nationalities in his occupa- 
tion as a hotel clerk. In company with Messrs. Eckart & 
Buehler, he transacted a flourishing wine and liquor trade 
at 78 La Salle street, but he eventually entered the real 
estate and insurance business, and in this remunerative 
occupation he is interested at present. He stands high, 
especially among the Germans. 

D. W. RYAN. 

This gentleman as a Republican, succeeds Michael 
Ryan, a Democrat, and a very strong one in the fourteenth 
ward. D. W. Ryan is a Union veteran, and is the owner 
of an extensive coopering establishment. 

WILLIAM EISFELDT, JR. 

The Alderman from the fifteenth ward was born in the 
city of Madgeburg, in the Prussian province of Saxonia, 
February 13, 1852. Arriving here when but a mere infant, 
9 



130 THE POLITICAL HISTORY OF CHICAGO. 

our subject adopted America for his future home, it is 
true ; but he still preserves in his character a deep respect 
for all those who hail from his mother country. He has 
been twice elected to the City Council. He is a liquor 
dealer. 

JOSEPH H. ERNST. 

This gentleman succeeds Alderman Young in the fifth- 
teenth ward, and is a very popular German-American, 
who by hard work has made a most durable record for 
himself in Chicago. He is an extensive real-estate dealer. 

HENRY SEVERIN. 

Alderman Severin, of the sixteenth ward, was born in 
Morlaw, Grand Duchy of Mecklenburg-Schwerin, Ger- 
many, February 14, 1847. He has lived in Chicago since 
1854. Mr. Severin was a Health Inspector at one time, and 
is now chief bailiff of the Criminal Court of Cook County. 
He is a valuable officer. 

JOHN H. COLVIN. 

John H . Colvin, Alderman of the sixteenth ward, was 
born October 25, 1848, in Little Falls, Herkimer county, 
New York, where his father, Hon. Harvey D. Colvin, ex- 
Mayor of Chicago, and General Agent of the United 
States Express Company, which he organized in Chicago 
with a capital of $500,000 in 1854, for seventeen years 
manufactured boots and shoes. The Alderman, a Demo- 
crat, was elected by a plurality of 400; Anton Imhof, a 
Kepublican ex- Alderman, and Matthias Eisner, a Socialist, 
running against him. It was a grand battle, Mr. Colvin's 
most intimate friends having endeavored to dissuade him 
from appearing in the field. 

Young Colvin attended the academy in Little Falls, 
up to the age of thirteen. In 1853, the family removing 
to Chicago, he was sent to the Haven school, on Madison 
near Dearborn, opposite the Tribune office. At the age of 



CHICAGO'S COUNCILS. 131 

sixteen he went into the service of his father, in the United 
States Express office. On June 12, 1862, he entered 
the army as First Lieutenant of Battery M, First 
Eegiment Illinois Light Artillery, and served up to October 
1863 as such, when under an order of the War Department 
he organized the Colvin Battery, which subsequently was 
organized as Battery "K" to the First Illinois Light Ar- 
tillery. On June 12, 1865, he was mustered out, having 
participated in the battles of Perrysville, Spring Head, 
Triune, the Siege of Knoxville; taken an active part in the 
East Tennessee campaign; followed Longstreet into Vir- 
ginia and pursued Jeff. Davis into South Carolina. Ee- 
snming civil life, Mr. Colvin returned to. the express busi- 
ness as Assistant Cashier, and served up to November 1881, 
when he was appointed the Chief Deputy for the Collector 
of the Town of North Chicago. This he relinquished on 
the eve of his election as Alderman of the sixteenth ward, 
in 1882. He was reflected in 1884 and in 1886. 

JOHN A. LINN. 

The senior Alderman in the seventeenth ward was born 
in Calmar, Sweden, June 25, 1848, and came with his 
parents to America in 1855, and settled in Chicago in 1860. 
He first went railroading, served as a bridge-tender, was in 
charge of the crib one year, was a member of the police 
force from 1873 to 1879, and is today a most successful 
proprietor of a livery and undertaking business at 308 Di- 
vision street. Though engaged in a rather gloomy busi- 
ness, Mr. Linn's disposition is by no means funereal. 
With first class business instincts is combined an elasticity 
of spirits which in no small degree explains Mr. Linn's 
success in life. 

THOMAS J. CARNEY. 

Elected in the seventeenth ward, the son of ex- Alder- 
man " honest Tom " Carney, was born in Chicago in 1860. 



132 THE POLITICAL HISTORY OF CHICAGO. 

He grew up in the north town of Chicago, and knows 
every nook and corner of it. He served with credit on 
engine 27, of the fire department and on the police depart- 
ment . He is a partner in the feed business at 65 N . Mar- 
ket street, of William Kelley, an old member of engine 
No. 14, and conducts a sample room on North Market 
street . 

JACOB H. TIEDEMA]Or. 

This gentleman was elected in the eighteenth ward un- 
der the new election law. He was born in 1848, in New 
Orleans, and came to Chicago in 1862 . He is largely in- 
terested in real estate, and is a bachelor. He is well known 
to the fashionable people of north Chicago, and is a cen- 
tral figure at their interesting entertainments. 

WILLIAM R. MANIERRE. 

The senior alderman in the eighteenth ward, is the 
son of the distinguished Judge Manierre, now dead, and 
was born in Chicago, April 25. 1847. He was first elected 
in 1882. In his business and social relations his attitude 
is enviable. 



CITY OFFICIALS. 



THEODORE T. GURNET. 

The affable City Comptroller of Chicago, was born in 
Ogdensburgh, New York, September 4, 1820, and was 
there educated . He commenced the study of law in his 
father's office, but it was not long before legal quibblings 
became disinteresting, and commercial pursuits attracted 
him . Coming to Chicago in 1856 he obtained the posi- 
tion of book-keeper for Hunger & Armour, afterward 
Munger, Wheeler & Co., grain merchants, and held it up 
to 1860. In 1862 he was appointed Chief Grain Inspector 
for the Board of Trade, and thereafter up to 1878 transacted 
a commission business . 

Mr . Gurney was, is, and always will be, a Democrat . 
As such he led a forlorn hope in the tenth ward, where he 
was defeated for Alderman. In 1877, however, his business 
capacity and sterling integrity secured his election as su- 
pervisor of the West Town of Chicago. He was appointed 
comptroller in the spring of 1879 . 

DEWITT C. CREGIER. 

DeWitt Clinton Cregier has been connected with the 
public works of Chicago for thirty- three years . For twen- 
ty-five years he filled the position of chief and designing 
engineer of the Chicago Works ; for three years he was 
City Engineer, and has just entered upon his fifth year as 
Commissioner of Public Works. 

He was born June 1, 1829, and is the son of John L. 
and Ann E. (Fort) Cregier, daughter of the well-known 

133 



134 THE POLITICAL HISTORY OF CHICAGO. 

ship master, so long identified with the merchant marine of 
New York; cousin of Henry Inman, the portrait painter, 
and a relative of Daniel D . Tompkins, the Vice President 
of the United States. An orphan at the age of thirteen, 
young Cregier commenced to work for a livelihood at the 
age of sixteen in the engineer's department on the steamer 
Oregon, running on Long Island Sound. In 1851 he was 
connected with the engineer corps of the United States 
mail steamers, plying between New York, Havana and 
New Orleans. In 1853 he came to Chicago to superintend 
the first pumping machinery for the water-works. Since 
that time he designed and superintended the construction 
and erection of all the machinery now in use at both 
water works, including the double pumping engine, the 
largest in the world. 

Mr. Cregier stands very high socially. He married Miss 
Mary S. Foggin, of New York, August 2, 1853, and is 
the father of six sons and one daughter, all of whom were 
born in Chicago, and are living. 

WILLIAM M. DEVINE. 

William M. Devine was born in Ireland in 1844. In 
1864 he came to the United States and after recovering 
from a long illness caused by privations during the voyage 
from the old country, having been nine weeks at sea on a 
disabled vessel, he joined the army and went as far south as 
Cairo. The war luckily ended soon after he enlisted and 
he, with the other recruits, were ordered to their respect- 
ive homes . Mr. Devine upon his return from the army, 
went to work for his brother, who was in the milk business 
and soon saved enough money to go into business for him- 
self. This was in 1866, and his business progressed so 
rapidly under his skillful management that he was soon 
classed among Chicago's most successful and upright busi- 
ness men. In 1868 Mr. Devine's success in life permitted 



CITY OFFICIALS. 135 

him to visit his mother country and his old home where 
his mother resided. During the great fire of 1871 he 
shared the fate of many other North Siders, and when the 
poor homeless people sought Lincoln Park as a temporary 
home, he directed the drivers of his wagons to distribute 
the milk among the unfortunates. Mr. Devine's financial 
success is not due chiefly to his milk business. He is a 
shrewed financier and made several lucky investments in 
real-estate. In 1879 he again visited Ireland, this time 
accompanied by his wife. While in his native country he 
distributed thousands of dollars among the victims of 
unrelenting landlords, and on his return brought one hun- 
dred and fifty of the unfortunates to this free country, 
paying for their transportation out of his own means. He 
took an active part during the Tilden campaign and since 
that time he has gradually drifted into politics. In the 
spring of 1885 he was selected as the Democratic candi- 
date for City Treasurer. 

HEMPSTEAD WASHBURNE. 

The City Attorney who is the son of Elihu B. Wash- 
burue, was born at Galena, 111., November 11, 1852. He 
prepared for college at Kent's Hill, Me. In 1871 and 
1872 he was a student in the University of Bonn, Germany, 
and returned to this country in 1873, locating at Madison, 
Wis. Here he read law in the office of Gregory & Pinney. 
Graduating in the Wisconsin University lie entered the law 
office of Barber & Lockner and attended the law schools at 
the same time. In 1876 he established a law office with 
Henry S. Bobbins and in 1883 with ex-Senator Lyman 
Trumbull. The firm existed until he was elected City 
Attorney. In 1880 he was appointed Master in Chancery 
of the Cook County Superior Court. He was elected City 
Attorney by about 2,000 majority ; the majority the other 
way at the preceding city election being about 10,000. He 
is extremely popular. 



136 THE POLITICAL HISTORY OF CHICAGO. 

FBANCIS A. HOFFMAN. 

Francis A. Hoffman, Jr. resigned the presidency of the 
election commissioners to accept the position of corpora- 
tion counsel . He is a German Democrat and his position 
among jurists is a very exalted one. 

WILLIAM J. ONAHAN. 

This erudite gentleman who fills the very responsible 
position of City Collector is a native of Leighlin Bridge, 
Carlow county, Ireland, whence the family removed to 
Dublin in 1845. In 1851, on St. Patrick's day, they 
landed in New York City. As an office boy our subject 
gained a very high regard from his employers, and as an 
assistant book-keeper he earned and secured the best recom- 
mendations in New York City. He was employed by a 
large clothing firm. In 1854 he came to Chicago and at 
once was identified with Irish and Catholic institutions. 
He has written voluminously as to both, and connected 
therewith has today one of the best private libraries in the 
world. In 1857 he was made Secretary of the CatHolic 
Institute, also President of the Society of St. Vincent De 
Paul. He was one of the organizers of the Twenty-third 
Illinois Infantry. He was a member of the Board of Edu- 
cation in 1863 and a Director of the Public Library and 
was created a Director of that institution in 1873 for eight 
years. In 1881 he was elected its President. In 1864 he 
founded St. Patrick's Society ; was its first President and 
was reelected. He was first made City Collector in 1869. 
In 1879 he was reappointed by Carter Harrison and unani- 
mously confirmed by the council. 

Mr. Onahan was one of the organizers of the Second 
Regiment and was President of the Regimental Associa- 
tion. He was one of the founders of the Charity Organ- 
zation Society ; was its first Vice- President and is one of 
the directors of St. Mary's Training School. 



CITY OFFICIALS. 137 

The following gentlemen are attached to the City Col- 
lector's office : 

Special Assessment Clerk James J. Meathe. 
License Clerks M. B. Wells, Charles F. Wagner. 
Delinquent Water Clerk J. S. Chesbrough. 

C. HERMAN" PLAUTZ. 

The City Clerk was born October 20, 1844, in Klein 
Sabow, province of Pomerania, Germany, and came to 
America at the age of eleven. In 1861 he came to 
Chicago and established himself in the drug business. He 
built himself up rapidly, and was chiefly instrumental in 
organizing the Chicago Drug and Chemical Company. 
He had hardly withdrawn from this institution when he 
was elected City Clerk. Mr. Plantz is a very quiet gen- 
tleman, and represents the ultra-modest phase of politics. 

CHARLES GASTFIELD. 

The Assistant City Clerk was born September 23, 1855, 
in Chicago. He attended the High School, and after- 
wards the Dyrenf urth Business College. Having made good 
records in both institutions, he entered the planing-mill 
business under his father. Thence he went into the whole- 
sale department of Field & Leiter, where he was just 
about thoroughly appreciated when the notion suddenly 
caught him to enter the real-estate business with Harrison 
& Weeks. Subsequently he was appointed to a responsi- 
ble position in the water office, and on the assumption of 
the City Clerkship by Mr. Neumeister, he was selected his 
chief clerk. 

Mr. Gastfield is industrious, cool-headed, and decidedly 
courteous. 

ALEXANDER KIRKLAND. 

The Building Superintendent was born September 24, 
1824, in Kilbarchan, near Glasgow, Scotland. He was 



138 THE POLITICAL HISTORY OF CHICAGO. 

educated in the parochial school of his native village, and 
graduated from the High School of Glasgow. When seven- 
teen years of age he began the study of architecture and 
civil engineering, and pursued it industriously for six 
years. In mathematics he ranked very high. When 
twenty-four years of age he went into business himself as 
an architect, and for fourteen years he stood among the 
foremost artists of Glasgow. Among other edifices, he 
built St. Vincent Crescent and Napier Place, costing 
$2,000,000 ; the Both well street business block, costing 
$1,500,000 ; the approaches of the suspension bridge over 
the Clyde, Anderson & Go's wholesale warehouse, one of 
the largest in the city of Glasgow, and the public monu- 
ment to Alexander Theatre Royal. Locating in London, 
he was a prominent architect there for five years ; and 
when a national monument was contemplated to the 
memory of Prince Albert, his design was received with the 
most flattering compliments of the Queen. In 1866 he 
came to New York, where he remained two years, and im- 
mediately after the great fire in 1871 he became a citizen 
of Chicago. In social circles Mr. Kirkland touches a de- 
cidedly prominent figure. 

WILLIAM EDGAB. 

William Edgar, chief clerk and private secretary for 
Mr. Kirkland, Superintendent of the Building Depart- 
ment, was born February 25, 1848, in Stranaer, Scotland . 
He was educated in the Free Church school and Stranaer 
academy. He came to America HI the spring of 1869. 
When the lamented Daniel O'Hara was clerk of the Re- 
corder's Court, now the Criminal Court, Mr. Edgar was 
appointed on his staff. If Stephen A. Douglas was Dan. 
O'Hura's political Gamaliel, William Edgar worshipped at 
the same shrine . 

In other words, Edgar is a Democrat, dyed in the wool. 



CITY OFFICIALS. 139 

In 1873, when the People's party had succeeded, he was 
appointed Deputy City Clerk, by Joseph K. C. Forrest, 
City Clerk. He remained in that position until the elec- 
tion of Mayor Heath, when he was removed for political 
purposes. He was appointed Secretary of the Building 
Department by Superintendent Kirkland, with the consent 
of Mayor Harrison, in 1878. 

His -ideas of architecture were nourished by industrious 
service under Colonel S. V. Shipman, of Chicago, under 
whose tutelage he spent three of the best years of his life. 

D. o. WILKIE. 

Building Inspector Wilkie (brother, by the way, of 
Franc B. "Wilkie, the distinguished journalist and author), 
was born in West Charlton, Saratoga county, N. Y., Au- 
gust 2, 1835, and received a common school education. 
Like the other members of his family, Mr. Wilkie 
showed his self-reliance by going it alone when of an age 
when some other boys are dragged along at the end of their 
mothers' apron strings. He made a carpenter of himself 
in a brief time a^t Elgin, 111., but after a time improved his 
circumstances by entering the enginerrs' department of the 
Illinois Central railroad. In 1868 he came to Chicago and 
worked at his trade of carpentering. He did the car- 
penter work on the Times building, after the great fire. 
He was appointed Building Inspector under Mayor Colvin, 
and is one of the oldest officers in the service. Mr. Wil- 
kie is a member of Cleveland Lodge A. F. and A. M., of 
La Fayette Chapter, and St. Bernard Commandery, K. T. 
No. 35. He has been a Mason since 1862. He was 
drafted in the Mound City navy-yard, but was not required 
to serve. 

JOHN" AGNEW. 

Inspector Agnew was born in Dundee, Scotland, in 
May, 1832. When twenty years of age he came to Amer- 



140 THE POLITICAL HISTORY OF CHICAGO. 

ica, and became a mason and brick-layer, and is recognized 
as one of the best in the western country to day . Almost 
since his arrival in Chicago, John has been intimately 
identified with fire matters. At a fire in 1865 he was very 
seriously injured by a falling wall. He had his arm broken 
and exhibits scars on his face to day, recalling his narrow 
escape from death. In 1873 he was appointed Fire Warden, 
and acted as such up to the organization of the Building 
Department, when he assumed his present duties. 

The following is a list of the attaches of the Building 
Department: Alexander Kirkland, Commissioner; William 
Edgar, Secretary; W. J. Cochrau and James Duncan, 
Clerks; John Mowat, Elevator Inspector; John Agnew, 
Daniel 0. Wilkie, James Moran, James Crowe, Patrick 
Carroll, Joseph E. Skerritt, George Holt, building inspec- 
tors, and Charles E. Hildreth, Inspector of Fire Escapes. 

OSCAR C. DE WOLF. 

The Health Commissioner, was born August 8. 1835, in 
Massachusetts. He graduated at the University of New 
York, studied medicine in Paris, and served four years in 
the army as a surgeon. In 1873 he came to Chicago and 
in 1877 was appointed to his present position by Mayor 

Heath. 

BROCK. L. M'VICKAR. 

Brockholst Livingston McVickar, who, as "Wild Ed- 
gerton," is familiar to a large portion of the reading public 
in America and Europe, is Secretary of the Health De- 
partment. Mr. McVickar was born on St. Valentine's 
Day, 1842, in the city of Buffalo. The father of our sub- 
ject, who was a prominent physician, brought his family to 
central New York in the interest of his rapidly growing 
practice, and when fourteen years of age, Brock, was placed 
in the Rensselaer Polytechnic School of Troy, N. Y. Hav- 
ing graduated, he followed civil engineering for several 



CITY OFFICIALS. 141 

years. He was afterward appointed private secretary to 
the superintendent of the Illinois Central Eailroad. With 
this corporation he remained in various capacities up to 
1864, when he accepted a position on the staff of Eear- 
Admiral Gregory, in the iron-clad navy department of New 
York. In the meantime he was busy in literature. In 
1870 he published "Eailroad Life in America," and subse- 
quently " Wreath of Evergreens." At the close of the war 
he went abroad, but soon returned to accept a position on 
the Northwestern Eailroad ; lecturing in the meantime 
upon "Paris under the Empire" and kindred subjects. 
When Hon. H. D. Colvin was elected Mayor, he entered 
the Water Department, and when Dr. McVickar, his father, 
now dead, became Commissioner of Health he was appointed 
his secretary. He has continued Secretary of the depart- 
ment ever since. 

The following are attaches of the office : Medical In- 
spector South Division, E. W. Sawyer ; West Division, G-. 
Garrett; North Division, J. M. Hall. 

Louis Merki, Clerk ; M. K. Gleason, Eegister. 

Health Officers : Louis Merki, T. P. Mahoney, William 
Crowley, Samuel Wilson, A. F. Bradley, Walter Smith, 
Daniel O'Connor, Joseph E. Gorman, John Daley, Daniel 
Sullivan, Michael Lavin, James Wilmot, Thomas Flood, 
Patrick Wall, Hon. Dennis Considine, Solomon Marks, 
James Trew, William Harder, Thomas Sweeney, George E. 
English, W. H. Gunning, Joseph Gruenhut, chief of Tene- 
ment Department, James Carney, A. F. McCarty, Frank 
McCormick, George Eodgers, W. F. Dillon, Alex. Mon- 
teath, Thomas Eandall, C. J. Schulz, W. Majeski, John 
Manna, William Madden, C. Botthof, M. McNulty, Thomas 
Healey, J. J. McMahon, William E. Langdon. 

HERMAN LIEB. 

General Lieb, the ex-Chief of the Water Department, 
was born in the canton of Turgau, Switzerland, in 1826. 



142 THE POLITICAL HISTORY OF CHICAGO. 

On the paternal side he is of Swiss origin, and on the 
maternal side Danish. At the age of nineteen he went to 
Paris, France, and entered, in company with his brother, 
a mercantile life. In 1848 he joined the Garde Mobile, 
and in February and June of that year participated in all 
of the battles fought in the streets of Paris. In 1851 he 
came to America, and in 1856 he settled in Decatur, 111., 
and remained there until the war of the Eebellion. He 
now enlisted in the Eighth Illinois Infantry under General 
Oglesby. He was present at Fort Henry, Fort Donel- 
son, Shiloh, and the siege of Corinth. Appointed a Cap- 
tain, he accompanied Logan's division to Vicksburg in 
charge of the skirmishers, and when the "'Bend" was at- 
tacked he was wounded in the left leg. Under orders from 
General Grant, General Lieb raised a colored regiment of 
heavy artillery, and for meritorious service was soon ap- 
pointed Inspector General of the department of the Mis- 
sissippi. Mustered out, Mr. Lieb went to Springfield and 
founded the Illinois Post, a German Republican paper, and 
two years later he came to Chicago, and, with Mr. Brentano, 
started the Abend Zeitung. Subsequently he started the 
German American and the Union, and he is now conduct- 
ing another German paper, known as the Chicago Demo- 
crat. 

JOHN W. LYONS. 

The Cashier of the City Department of Public Works, was 
selected by Mayor Harrison entirely unsolicited ; nor was 
his preferment due to political influence. His past record 
in the service of the municipality alone induced his Honor 
to appoint him. Mr. Lyons was born at Sandusky, 0., 
June 13, 1852. When he was two years of age the family 
came to Chicago, and when John was twelve years of age 
he was sent to Eastman's Business College. Leaving there, 
he entered the law office of Blodgett & Winston, the 
former of whom has presided for so long, and with so 



CITY OFFICIALS. 143 

much satisfaction, on the United States bench. The lat- 
ter is one of the foremost members of tho Chicago bar. 
Finding the law incongenial, our subject secured employ- 
ment as a messenger boy for the old Chicago & Milwaukee 
Railroad office, and soon, although very young, became 
telegraph operator for the same road. His next occupa- 
tion was that of time-keeper for J. S. Lyons, his father, 
engaged in the reconstruction of the same road. Subse- 
quently he became a clerk in the Michigan Central Rail- 
road office, and, rapidly winning the confidence of his su- 
perior officers, was appointed assistant cashier in 1871, and 
served up to 1879, when he became Assistant Cashier of 
the City Department of Public Works. He assumed his 
present position on the resignation of John Hise, cashier, 
December 19, 1881. 

A quite romantic incident is recorded in the career of 
Mr. Lyons. A cousin visiting him in this city so highly 
extolled the merits of a young lady residing in Kenton, 
Hardin county, Ohio, that our subject opened a correspond- 
ence with her. It was not long before he visited Kenton, 
met her, and after three days of a personal acquaintance 
made her his wife. Mr. Lyons considers the event the 
most fortunate of his life. 

E. ESTELLE GILBEET. 

E. Estelle Gilbert was born at Philadelphia. When he 
was five years of age his father was killed by a fall from a 
building, placing the family in rather saddening circum- 
stances. At the age of six years he was sent to Girard 
college, where he graduated at the age of sixteen. He was 
now bound to a farmer in Lancaster, Pennsylvania, but 
ran away and entered the army, April 19, 1861. He 
enlisted in Company C, Ninety-ninth Regiment, Pennsyl- 
vania Volunteers. He fought in Gettysburg, Hagerstown, 
the Wilderness, Chancellorsville, Fredericksburg, and it 
might be said participated in all the engagements fought 



144 THE POLITICAL HISTORY OF CHICAGO. 

by the army of the Potomac, -being wounded in both knees 
and arm and rising to the captaincy. He was stationed at 
Point Lookout, Maryland, at one time as acting assistant 
quartermaster. Mustered out, he at once came to Chicago 
and entered the paper warehouse of Gilbert & McCann. 
The firm dissolving, he was appointed water inspector and 
served as such until after the great fire. He was at this 
time appointed a clerk in the water office by Commissioner 
Prindiville, and assumed charge of the North Division 
books. On the election of Mr. Harrison as Mayor he was 
appointed Chief Clerk in the water office. He has the un- 
bounded confidence of his superiors and his associates and 
the respect of the general public. 

The following is the roster of the water office: Super- 
intendent, J. P. Hand; Chief Clerk, John M. Furmin; 
Cashier, John W. Lyons; Assistant Cashier, John C. 
Cullen; Registrar, W. J. Maher; Assistant Registrar, 
E. E. Gilbert and J. Lynch; Clerks, M. O'Brien and R. 
Bunman; Messengers, Hugo Schuepff and Charles E. Gil- 
bert; Assessor, Thomas Pattison; Assistant Assessor, C. J. 
Vogell; Assessor's Clerks, F. H. Braumer, 0. Foerster, J. 
E. Pettibone, P. M. Nichols and G. D. Philps; Draughts- 
men, Arthur Erbe, F. Hildebrand, G. A. Buner and Lud- 
wig Pechmann; Permit Clerk, H. G. Naper; Assistant 
Clerks, J. B. L. Lemoine and D. W. Rowland; Plumbing 
Inspectors, J. E. Ward, James Jordan, James Clancy, 
Emil Biedermann, M. G. O'Connor, William Forristal and 
L. T. Barclay; Tap Inspector, G. A. Kerndl; Tappers, 
T. Waters, Daniel Dore, John Harrison and John Doyle; 
Meter Clerk, William H. Reed; Assistant Meter Clerks, 
J. B. Lewis, G. 0. Rictor and Gus. Vernit; Collectors, W. 
J. McNamara, Joseph Schofield and L. G. Pope; Rate 
Takers, L. .Collins, Pat Lynch, Mike Riordan, L . Altpeter, 
D. Mackey, H. G. Prell, J. O'Donnell; Expressmen, M. 
D. Coulahan, Pat. Railey, 



CITY OFFICIALS. 145 

JOHN COMISKEY. 

This gentleman, well known of late years as the anti- 
machine politician, was born in Crosserlough, Cavan, Ire- 
land, in 1826, and in 1848 he came to New Haven, Conn., 
and interested himself in the lumber business. In 1853 
he came to Chicago, and had charge of the incoming 
freight on the Eock Island road until 1863, when he 
engaged his services to Shufeldt & Croskey, the prominent 
distillers. He then became connected with the Fort 
Wayne cattle-yards as superintendent of shipments. His 
first political experience, it may be said, was in the Inter- 
nal Revenue Service under Gen. Wallace, acting under the 
administration of Andrew Johnson. On the election of 
Gen. Grant, Mr. Comiskey, being a Democrat, was 
removed. In 1870 he was employed as a book-keeper by 
Henry Greenebaum, the successful banker of that period. 
In 1875 he was appointed Clerk of the Board of Cook 
County Commissioners. In 1878, on the expiration of his 
term of office, he entered the book trade. He then entered 
the service of the city and is now book-keeper in the city 
treasurer's office. 

Mr. Comiskey has served eleven years in the City 
Council. He was first elected in the spring of 1859 to 
represent the tenth ward. At this time there were only 
ten wards in the city. A subdivision of the wards compli- 
cated aldermanic politics forthwith. In 1861 he was 
elected to represent the seventh ward; also in 1863 and 
'64; in '66, to represent the eighth ward, and in '68 to rep- 
resent the ninth ward. In the last year of his term in the 
Council he was elected as President, the first time the 
office was created. For a quarter of a century Mr. Comis- 
key has figured prominently before the public. His voice 
has always been heard on the side of reform. His inde- 
pendence of character is well known. Among the most 
notable of his recent achievements was his introduction of 
10 



146 THE POLITICAL HISTORY OF CHICAGO. 

the Hon. John F. Finerty to the people of the second 
district, which, although overwhelmingly Democratic, 
elected Mr. Finerty to congress independently. 

CHARLES E. FELTON. 

The present Superintendent of the House of Correc- 
tion of Chicago is another of the many officials whose 
biography has never been written; but may well be, as it 
will show a life of business activity and official success not 
often equaled in the histories of the so-called office-holders 
of our cities. It is said of him that he never received an 
unfavorable criticism from the press, during a continuous 
public service of twenty-three years, twenty-one of which 
were as the Superintendent of penal and correctional in- 
stitutions. 

Mr. Felton was born Sept. 18, 1831, in Barre, Worces- 
ter County, Mass.; consequently is fifty-two years old. 
His ancestry, on his father's side, he traces back in direct 
line to Nathaniel Felton, who migrated from England in 
1631, and settled at Salem, Mass. From that source nearly 
all of the Feltons now in this country may well claim ori- 
gin. His mother was of English and Scotch descent, dat- 
ing back, however, as settlers in America on her father's 
side a Johnson nearly two hundred years. Hence, 
if any man now holding office in this city can make claim 
to being an American by ancestry and by birth the subject 
of this sketch surely may do so. 

Mr. Felton's early life was devoted to the art preserva- 
tive; at the age of fourteen years he was installed as printer's 
devil, in an obscure country printing-office, at Barre; but not 
liking the routine of an office-sweep and carrier-boy, he early 
took the several degrees in the mysteries of the art, and 
we find him occupying the position of " sub " on the New 
York Tribune in the winter of 1849; and, in 1850, he had 
taken Horace's advice and gone west, stopping at Cincin- 



CITY OFFICIALS. 14:7 

nati, where he was employed as foreman of the job depart- 
ment of the Chronicle and Atlas. Leaving Cincinnati as 
a sort of printer's tramp, he passed the winters of 1850-51 
in Indianapolis, Ind., and Columbus, Ohio, on state work, 
and the summers at Buffalo, N. Y., the latter of which 
places he afterward made his home, until called to occupy 
the position he now holds. During his residence at Buf- 
falo he was several years foreman of the book and job de- 
partments of the Commercial Advertiser, the then finest 
job printing establishment in the West, if not in the coun- 
try; and afterward was in business for himself until health 
failing him he was elected as Superintendent of the peni- 
tentiary in that city. He held the office of City Alderman 
one term, was nine years Superintendent of the peni- 
tentiary at Buffalo; and is now serving his twelfth year as 
General Superintendent of the House of Correction of 
this city, making a continuous official life of twenty-three 
years. 

As a prison officer, Mr. Felton is humane almost to a 
fault, it being said that scarcely a single one of the more 
than one hundred and twenty thousand inmates he has 
had in his charge has any but the kindest feelings toward 
him; and the industries of his prison, as established and 
maintained by him, have made that department so nearly 
self-supporting that, for several years, no moneys have 
been asked for the maintenance of our city prisoners. 

In politics Mr. Felton is a Democrat; in administration 
he is strictly non-partisan; in religion, a Churchman, but 
very liberal in his views. Though fifty-two years of age, he 
is a lover and patron of out-door sports of all kinds, and is 
said to be one of the best field and trap shots in the state. 
Twice he has held the office of President of the State 
Sportsman's Association of this state . 
JOHN M'CARTHY. 

John McCarthy, Harbormaster, was born in the parish 



14:8 THE POLITICAL HISTORY OF CHICAGO. 

of Skull, Cork, in 1836. In 1847 he came to Syracuse, 
N. Y., and from that date up to the present, it may be 
said, has navigated the Western lakes. 

JOHN M. BROWN. 

The Chief Clerk in the Street Department, John M. 
Brown, was born in Chicago, March 15, 1858. He made a 
very creditable record at school in the Jesuit Parish, and 
when quite young entered the service of his father, a well- 
known and much respected contractor, now dead. In 
1879 he was appointed Chief Clerk. 

The following gentlemen are also connected with the 
Street Department : 

John E. Stearns, Chief Inspector, Sewerage. Assistant 
Engineers A. M. Hirsch, H. A. Edwards, J. B. Mueller, 
A. W. Cooke, J. S. Larkin. Rodmen James T. Finn, 
Timothy B. Lynch, James Flinn, William Gallagher, 
Robert E. O'Connor. John W. Carroll, Collector. Side- 
walk Inspectors Michael Dyer, M. Smith, P. D. Toomey, 
Patrick Carney, H. Hart, Morgan Murphy, P. McCarthy, 
William F. Crowse ; Michael Heaney, General Inspector; 
Thomas P. Hickey, Inspector Street Cleaning. General 
Inspector of Street Paving Adam Boetinger. Street 
Foremen Anton Berg, Michael McNamara, Joseph Law- 
ler, Peter Kearns, Anton Detmer, Philip Hillinger. 



CHICAGO JUSTICES AND TOWN OFFICEES. 



GEORGE A. MEECH. 

Police Magistrate Meech was born in Norwich, Conn., 
in 1824, and graduated from Yale in 1843. He subse- 
quently taught school, and read law at the same time. He 
finished his studies in Boston. In 1849 he was appointed 
a Justice of the Peace, and was subsequently elected Judge of 
the Probate Court for the Norwich district. Resigning, 
he came West, and was elected shortly City Attorney, and 
afterwards City Assessor. He was practicing law in 1879, 
when, at the request of bankers and other prominent citi- 
zens, he was appointed a Justice. Subsequently he was 
selected by Mayor Harrison to preside at the Armory 
Court, where he has proved himself a friend to unfortu- 
nates and a foe to criminals. His appointment was unani- 
mously indorsed by the press of Chicago. 

GEORGE KERSTEN. 

.In a comparatively brief period of time Justice of the 
Peace and Police Magistrate George Kersten has made great 
strides in public favor. Respected by the masses to begin 
with, his career on the bench up to date has made prospects 
for him which are decidedly enviable. He was born in 
Chicago in 1853, and educated in the Franklin School and 
Eastman's Business College. He first engaged in the cigar 
business, and became really popular, it might be said, when 
he conducted a first-class sample room at Clark street bridge, 
where Max Romer is now doing so well. Mr. Kersten was 
appointed Police Court Clerk for the North Side in 1880, 
and at once began reading law. He was made Justice of 

149 



150 THE POLITICAL HISTORY OF CHICAGO. 

the Peace and Police Magistrate in 1883. He belongs to 
the Masons, the Knights of Pythias, the Order of Forest- 
ers ; is Shooting-Master of the Chicago Sharp-Shooting 
Association ; was one of the originators and President of 
the Cook County Democratic Club, and belongs also to 
the Algonquins. 

JUSTICE WHITE. 

Justice White was born in 1845 at Shellsburg, Wis. In 
1847 the family came to Ogle county, and our subject pre- 
pared for college at Eockford. In 1870 he graduated 
from Beloit College and in 1872 graduated from the Albany 
University. He was admitted to the bar at New York in 
1872. In 1873 he came to Chicago and associated him- 
self with J. Y. Scammon in the treatment of important 
insurance cases. Among other public deeds he organized 
the Western Law and Collectors' Association. 

ORLIN P. IXGERSOLL. 

The Police judge who presides in the West Chicago 
Avenue district is a thorough American and an old-time 
attorney. Gifted with a keen sense of justice, he has ex- 
hibited time and again merciful instincts, which reflect 
much credit upon him. 

DANIEL SCULLY. 

Justice Daniel Scully, who will ever be remembered as 
the "old West-Side police magistrate," was born in the 
city of New York, March 28, 1839. In 1841 his parents 
removed to a farm in McHenry county. He worked in the 
fields for a short time, but agricultural pursuits did not 
suit our ambitious subject. He devoted himself to teach- 
ing school in 1860 and soon became convinced that he 
could learn something more himself. Accordingly he 
came to Chicago and went to St. Mary's of the Lake, and 
graduated after two years of hard study in the scientific 



JUSTICES AND TOWN OFFICERS. 151 

and commercial departments. In 18G3 and 1864 the jus- 
tice studied law in the Chicago Law School under the con- 
trol of Judge Booth. On graduating he received a hand- 
some compliment from the principal, being the only one 
out of a class of thirty-four who had not worked in a law 
office. As soon as Mr. Scully was admitted to the bar he 
made a tour of Iowa and Minnesota, but failing to find a 
favorable locality to practice his profession, he came to 
Chicago. He was appointed police magistrate and suc- 
ceeded himself repeatedly. He is at present in his old 
position as police magistrate in the third precinct. He 
has frequently been spoken of as a candidate for mayor. 

PETER FOOTE. 

The facetious but earnest ex-police magistrate of the first 
precinct police court was born in the North of Ireland, 
April 1, 1840. He might have been fooled on that par- 
ticular 1st of April, but he congratulates himself on the 
fact that he has been fooled very seldom since. Coming 
to America as an infant, his early life was spent in New 
York City, where he attended the public schools, and 
graduated in St. John's College, which ranks with Har- 
vard and Yale, as master of arts. He completed the nine 
years' classical and scientific course in seven years, cap- 
turing the majority of the prizes. In 1862 he came to 
Chicago in company with the lamented Dr. McMullen, 
afteward Bishop, and accepted the professorship of classics 
in St. Mary's of the Lake. Among his pupils were Lieut- 
enant Nugent, who died on the field beside Colonel Mul- 
ligan; Justice Prindiville and many other prominent men. 
He completed his legal studies in the Chicago Law School, 
of which ex-Judge Booth was professor, and immediately 
received his diploma from the Supreme bench at Ottawa. 
Two years previous to the great fire he was professor of 
law at Notre Dame University, and on his return was ap- 



152 THE POLITICAL HISTORY OF CHICAGO. 

pointed a justice under Carter Harrison. He was created 
magistrate at the first precinct police court. He is now 
pushing a most flourishing justital business on Madison 
near Clark street. 

CHARLES AKND. 

Charles Arnd was born in Bernhard's Bay, Oneida 
County, New York, January 26, 1855. He traces his an- 
cestry back three hundred years through a line of distin- 
guished Germans. His father took an active part in the 
American Civil War. Directly after the conclusion of 
a successful college course he embarked for Europe and 
traveled extensively through that country, gleaning what 
benefit he could in Berlin, Heidelberg and Paris from col- 
lege and other lectures on law, history and languages . In 
1877, when 22 years old, he came to Chicago. He was 
admitted to the bar in 1878 and was building up a lucra- 
tive practice when, in 1880, he was appointed a Justice of 
the Peace to fill a vacancy on the North Side . 

DAVID J. LYON. 

The subject of this short history was born in the city 
of New Orleans, January 4, 1843, and gained his early 
education in the Jesuit College of the Crescent City, and 
later, at the Woodstock Academy, Vermont, to which state 
his parents removed while David was a lad. In 1862, 
when only nineteen years old, he showed his extreme loy- 
alty to the Union, notwithstanding his southern birth, by 
enlisting as a private in the Twelfth Vermont regiment of 
infantry, having given up bright prospects at home to join 
the Federal ranks. The regiment of which he formed a 
part was in the second Vermont brigade, which took such 
a gallant part in the battle of Gettysburg. Young Lyon 
was mustered out of the service in August, 1864, his term 
of enlistment having expired. He came direct to Chicago 
after leaving the army and commenced the study of law, 



JUSTICES AND TOWN OFFICERS. 153 

for which profession he early exhibited a fondness, with 
the Hon. A. D. Eich. He afterward attended the law 
university of Chicago, studying under Judge Booth, and 
graduated in 1867 a promising candidate for legal laurels. 
Soon after leaving the university he formed a law partner- 
ship with the Hon. E. B. Sherman and next with George 
K. Clark. The fire of 1871 terminated the latter partner- 
ship, and Mr. Lyon then began practicing for himself 
alone, meeting with the most nattering and well-deserved 
success. He became the solicitor for the Chicago, Indian- 
apolis and Air- Line Kailroad Company, and proved a most 
valuable man for that responsible position. In 1883 he 
was nominated for a Justice of the Peace, and his confirma- 
tion quickly followed. In a very few months he was doing 
almost as large a business as any of his older competitors 
on the South Side, his well-known legal acumen proving a 
magnet for the representatives of the bar. Justice Lyon is 
a prominent Kepublican, Odd Fellow, Mason and Knight of 
Pythias. He was nominated for Alderman in 1873, and 
for the Legislature in 1878, but was not sufficiently desir- 
ous of holding office to take a particularly active part for 
himself in either campaign. In 1882 he was elected an 
honorary member of the Garibaldian Legion, as a token of 
the appreciation of the able and eloquent address delivered 
by him in Haverly's Theater, on the occasion of the cere- 
monies which took place there immediately following the 
death of the great Italian hero. Mr. Lyon was married to 
Miss Alice Packard, of Rochester, Vt., in 1867, but his 
wife and only child died in September, 1880. 

Henry Schultz, clerk for Justice D. J. Lyon, was born 
July 20, 1859, in Chicago. He was educated in the Kin- 
zie school. On July 25, 1875, he was employed by Peter 
Foote, police justice at the armory, and remained there 
until May 12, 1879. From June, 1879, to March, 1880, 
he served Justice Summerfield. From this latter date 



154 THE POLITICAL HISTORY OF CHICAGO. 

until July 12, 1883, he was employed by Justice T. B. 
Brown, now deceased, and the immediate predecessor 
of Justice Lyon. He is one of the most skillful attaches of 
justice courts in the city. 



K. PKINDIVILLE, 

a son of Kedmond Prindiville, the veteran mariner and 
ex-Commissioner of the Board of Public Works, who set- 
tled in Chicago in 1836, was born October 28, 1851, in 
Chicago. He attended school in Hathaway's Private 
Academy, northwest corner of Monroe and Clark streets, 
and subsequently graduated from Seton Hall College, 
South Orange, New Jersey, in 1868. He then went into 
the oil and paint business and made a success of it. Hav- 
ing read law in 1870 he was admitted to the bar by the Su- 
preme Court. In 1872, under Charles Kern, who was then 
Sheriff, he was appointed Deputy, and in 1876 he was ap- 
pointed Justice of the Peace, the position he now holds. 
He is a staunch Democrat . 

c. \v. WOODMAN. 

Charles W. Woodman, Justice of the Peace, was born 
in Aalborg, Denmark, in 1844. At the age of 14 he went 
to sea, and followed it for eight years, going as far as 68 
degrees north and 60 south. He visited Europe, Asia 
Africa and America; he saw the lonely tomb of the great 
Napoleon on the Island of St. Helena, and stood within a 
stone's throw of the ducal palace where the Duke of Mont- 
pensier shot the Prince of Bourbon. He served in 1863 
and '64 in the American navy. In 1865 he came to Chi- 
cago, and up to 1870 followed the lakes and was engaged 
in mercantile pursuits. In 1871 he graduated in the law 
department of the Chicago University, and has practiced 
ever since . When Lincoln was assassinated Mr. Woodman 
had a hard time of it, as he was about alone on shipboard 
in sympathy with the President. He has been active in 



JUSTICES AND TOWN OFFICERS. 155 

politics since 1868. Among other distinctions he has 
served as Prosecuting Attorney for the police courts. 

JOHN C. BARKER. 

John Clarke Barker was born March 1, 1833, in Wind- 
sor, Kennebec county, Maine. Eleven years later he came 
west with parents, passing through Chicago, which at that 
time had less than 10,000 population, and locating in Lee 
Center, Lee county, where the elder Barker purchased a 
farm. His education was received from the Eock Eiver 
Seminary, Eockford Commercial College, and Chicago Law 
College. He was admitted to the bar in August, 1865, but 
in the meantime had entered the army and served as a lieu- 
tenant for about a year, when ill health forced him to aban- 
don military life. He was chosen to represent North 
Chicago in the Twenty-ninth General Assembly, and while 
serving in that body proved himself a ready debater and 
desirable legislator. Returning to Chicago and his law 
practice, he was rapidly building for himself fame and for- 
tune when he was overtaken by ill health, which neces- 
sitated rest. Being offered the position of Justice of the 
Peace in 1883, he accepted it. Justice Barker is a Eepub- 
lican in politics, and he is also a prominent mason. He 
was married in 1869 to Miss Elizabeth E. Vaughn, and has 
two children. 

HARDIN B. BRAYTON. 

The subject of this sketch was born in the town of 
Howard, Steuben County, N. Y., Aug. 29, 1829. Seven 
years later he removed with his parents to Wayne County, 
Where he attended the Marion Academy, an excellent 
educational institution, until he reached the age of twenty 
and graduated. In 1854 his parents came west and in- 
vested in a large tract of farming land in Blue Island, 
which tract is still owned by the old people and is very 
valuable. Hardin joined his parents in 1857 and remained 



156 THE POLITICAL HISTORY OF CHICAGO. 

on the new farm four years. He then located in Chicago, 
going into business for himself as a commission merchant 
and becoming a member of the Board of Trade. In 1870 
he had been elected a member of the Twenty-seventh 
General Assembly of Illinois. As a state legislator he 
was instrumental in securing the passage of several wise 
measures and the defeat of a number of vicious ones. 
Mr. Brayton refused a second nomination and returned to 
a business life. In 1877 he was offered and accepted the 
position of Clerk of the County Court, which position he 
held until 1879, when he was chosen a Justice of the 
Peace. He was re-appointed in 1883, having received the 
indorsement of the members of the Chicago bar, and was 
confirmed without opposition. Since his first appointment 
he has been a careful student of the law, and his decisions 
have always been characterized by an evident desire for 
perfect fairness as the magnitude of the business done by 
him fully attests. 

William Cummings, clerk for Justice Brayton. was 
born in 1854, in Knockgaffon, Tipperary, Ireland. In 
1865 his family came to Vermont, where he attended 
school until he arrived at his majority. In 1876 he came 
to Chicago, and was at once identified with the courts in 
common law . He is presumed to be one of the most ex- 
pert members of his particular branch of the service. 

D. HAREY HAMMER. 

D. Harry Hammer was born in Springfield, Ills., De- 
cember 23, 1840. When he was two years old his parents 
removed to Ogle county, and there Harry passed his boy- 
hood and youth, attending the district schools and taking 
advantage of whatever other means of education presented 
themselves. At the age of seventeen he began a course of 
study at the Eock Eiver Seminary, at Mt . Morris, Ills . , 
and finally graduated from that institution. He then 



JUSTICES AND TOWN OFFICERS. 157 

attended the Michigan University, at Ann Arbor, and 
graduated from the law school there in 1865, having 
turned his attention to the legal profession. Leaving Ann 
Arbor he traveled a short time throughout the north and 
west, finally locating in St. Louis. When the cholera 
epidemic broke out in St . Louis, young Hammer came to 
Chicago and once more resumed his practice as a lawyer, 
with satisfactory success. Governor Cullom, in 1879, ap- 
pointed Mr. Hammer a Justice of the Peace. He has one 
of the finest libraries in Chicago, and devotes much time to 
literary culture as well as to his legal duties. He is a 
member of the Union League and Calumet clubs, and is 
the owner of . a large amount of real estate in Chicago . 
Justice Hammer was married a few years ago to Miss 
Emma L . Carpenter, of Athens, Ohio, and has two young 
daughters. 

Frederick T. E. Kallum, is employed by Justice D. 
Harry Hammer, and is the youngest clerk in the justice 
courts. He was born July 31, 1863, in Draman, Norway. 
In 1865 his parents moved to Chicago, and hence in 1868, 
removed to Washington Heights, 111. Here Fred was edu- 
cated. He first worked for A. S. & T. P. Randall, on 
Monroe street, manufacturing boxes. In April, 1881, he 
assumed his present occupation. 

LOUIS KISTLER. 

Justice Kistler was born June 25, 1835, in Strasburg, 
Germany, his father having distinguished himself in the 
Napoleonic war, and dying when Louis was only ten years 
old. In 1845 the family removed to Rochester, and here 
our subject graduated in the classics in 1868. He taught 
the classics in Greenwich Academy, Rhode Island, up to 
1862, when he went to Berlin and studied in the university 
there. In 1864 he accepted a professorship in the North- 
western University at Evanston. In 1878 he commenced 



158 THE POLITICAL HISTOEY OF CHICAGO. 

practicing law, and in the same year met a severe loss in 
the destruction by fire of a most valuable library. In 1883 
he was appointed a Justice. 

W. H. GLEASON. 

William Henry Gleason, Collector of the South Town of 
Chicago, was born in AVardsborough, AVindham county, 
Vt., in 1843. Up to the age of twenty his life was spent 
upon his father's farm. He toiled industriously, summer 
and winter, save when he attended the district school. 
Removing to Baltimore, he was engaged in the baking 
business for several years. In the spring of 1869 he came 
to Chicago, and up to the great fire of 1871 was a clerk in 
the employ of Galpin & Hanchett, deputy sheriffs and 
auctioneers. In the spring of 1872 he entered the division 
superintendent's office of the Pullman Palace Car Com- 
pany, but on December 1, resigned to accept the bailiff ship 
in the County Court when Timothy Bradley was Sheriff. 
He continued in this position up to the fall of 1876, when 
he became a partner of Seth F. Hanchett in the collecting 
agency, and when Mr. Hanchett was elected Clerk of the 
Probate Court, he became chief deputy. After an excellent 
service under Sheriff Hanchett subsequently, he accepted 
his present position. 

S. B. CHASE. 

Samuel Brown Chase, the Assessor of the North Town 
of Chicago, has been serving the people for many a year in 
that capacity. He was first elected in 1877 by a majority of 
478; in 1880 by a majority of 583, and in J881 by a major- 
ity of 3,926. His opponents were successively Arthur 
Gleason, Samuel Appleton, and Adolph Mueller. 

Mr. Chase was born in Rochester, N. Y., in 1844, and 
was christened after Major General Brown, of the United 
States army, who was a paternal relative. In 1851 the 
family, removing to Chicago, sent the boy to Naperville, 



JUSTICES AND TOWN OFFICERS. 159 

111., where he completed an academical course with high 
honors. 

In 1862 he entered the army in the war for the Union, 
joining the One Hundred and Fifth Illinois Infantry. 
For three years he served with marked distinction under 
Buell, when General John Morgan was driven from Frank- 
fort, Ky., under Rosecrans in Tennessee; and under Sher- 
man he participated in the famous march from Atlanta to 
the sea. He was throughout a staff officer, and had at- 
tained a lieutenancy when he was mustered out in 1865. 
He then connected himself with the commission house 
of P. B. Ware & Co., No. 193 South Water street, a rela- 
tion he still sustains in the commercial world. 

Mr. Chase has ever been a Democrat of a pronounced 
type, and has never failed in thoroughly ventilating his 
sympathies, especially in the district he represents as 
Assessor. His ability as such officer has been enhanced 
not a little by his affability under the most trying circum- 
stances, and his repeated election by the people bears 
strong testimony to the fact. 

Bernhart Neibling, Cashier ; John W. Crawford, Chief 
Clerk ; T. W. Stout, T. J. Corcoran, C. R. Sheldon, J. B. 
Crowley, T. D. Brosneu, Pat. F. Maloney, Paul Kelley, 
Geo. W. Webber. Wm. C. Lappin, Hy. Spicier, Robert 
Kenney, T. J. Barrett, Dan. R. O'Brien, Jas. H. Burns, Jno. 
F. O'Malley, Jno. Dowdle, Hy. Vogt, Pete Conrad, Robt. 
Renshaw; Hy. Ganey, Jno. Watts, Emil Biurle, Leon Vil- 
lers, Adam Kilian, Capt. Thomas O'Connor, Q. Regneri. 

FRANK DRAKE. 

The Assessor of the Town of South Chicago, was born 
in 1827 in Elba, Geneva County, N. Y. His early life was 
spent on his father's farm, and during his respites from 
work he attended the public school. At the age of twenty- 
one he came west, locating in Janesville, Wis., where he 



lt>0 THE POLITICAL HISTORY OF CHICAGO. 

conducted a nursery, as he also did at Racine, in the same 
state. In 1862 he entered the grain and produce business, 
and was so engaged when elected Assessor. He is Chief 
Grain Inspector for the district in which he lives. 

JOHN A. BELL. 

John A. Bell, Assessor of the West Town of Chicago, 
was born in Troy, N. Y., in 1850. When eleven years of 
age, Johnny did not take his books under his arm like a 
good boy and go to the district school. Not at all ; he 
ran away to New York City that he might go to the front 
with the Second New York Regiment. His family recov- 
ered him, but he soon escaped with a Vermont Regiment. 
It was not long before he was recaptured. Seeing that 
his military ardor must be satisfied he was finally allowed 
to go to work in the arsenal making cartridges. Johnny 
could not stay. With two companions he started for the 
Erie canal. An uncle in Buffalo sent him home. He 
was sent to the St. Mary's Academy in Troy, and it began 
to look for the first time as though he was going to be 
steady. He left the institution in very good shape to go 
into a shoe store, but shortly learned the printing business. 
He was next agent for a bakery. A variety of experiences 
followed ; a most painful one occurring March 22, 1877, 
when he fell seventy-five feet from a flag pole on a whole- 
sale house, corner Market and Madison, when he broke 
his left hip and injured the base of his skull. 

West Town employes Collector ; C. Casselman, Jr.. 
A. B. Johnson, Thos. Martin, P. B. Meehan, A. H. 
Boyden, E. F. Murphy, J. McAllen, Bryan Donnelly, 
Dan O'Leary, Cyrus Lawrence, John Gaynor, M. Powers, 
James Clark, John Enright, John Flaherty, Sam E. Reed, 
Thos. Cratty, Ed Burke, and Jno. S. Quinn, Jr. 



THE FIRE DEPARTMENT. 



DENIS J. SWENIE. 

Denis J. Swenie, Chief Fire Marshal of Chicago, was 
born in the city of Glasgow, Scotland, in 1834. At the 
age of 14 he came to Chicago and engaged in the harness 
trade, continuing in this business up to 1859. During 
these years he ran with the boys of the volunteer fire de- 
partment. In 1849 he was a hose boy on No. 3, stationed 
at the corner of Wells and Kinzie streets. In 1852 Mr. 
Swenie went on the " Red Jacket," and took the position 
of Assistant Foreman. In 1854 the company was dis- 
banded, when he returned to No. 3. In 1856 he was ap- 
pointed First Assistant Engineer. He was appointed Chief 
Engineer in 1858, and organized the paid steam fire depart- 
ment. The experiment was attended with considerable 
annoyance, the friends of the volunteer force being numer- 
ous and persistent. Mr. Swenie however came out with 
flying colors, eliciting the unqualified approval of press and 
public. This was the birth of that department, which to- 
day is second to no fire organization in the world. 

In 1861 Mr. Swenie took command of the Liberty, sta- 
tioned on North Dearborn street. In 1867 he brought his 
company over to the Gund. He was Captain of this com- 
pany when appointed First Assistant Fire Marshal, October 
1873. In November, 1879, he was created Chief, to suc- 
ceed Matthias Benner, the veteran fireman who embarked 
in the manufacturing of fire-escapes. In the traffic he is 
eminently successful. 

Chief Swenie is a wonderfully well-preserved man for 
11 161 



162 THE POLITICAL HISTORY OF CHICAGO. 

his experience. He was present in all of the great fires of 
his day. In the great fire of 1857 he took charge of the 
diggers, and recovered eighteen bodies out of twenty-three 
supposed to have been lost. In the historical conflagration 
of 1871 his exertions saved five entire blocks in the vicinity 
of Kinzie street bridge. The Chief is a man of the most 
valuable information, secured mainly by extended travel. 
Mr. Swenie declined the nomination for sheriff on the 
Democratic ticket in 1886. 

WILLIAM MUSHAM. 

William Musham, First Assistant Fire Marshal and De- 
partment Inspector, was born in Chicago, February 9, 
1839. In February, 1855, he joined the volunteer fire de- 
partment, attending to his business as a carpenter at the 
same time. Mr. Musham joined the Paid Fire Department 
in 1861, going first upon the " Little Giant," corner of 
Washington and Dearborn streets. He served as pipeman ; 
was transferred to the "Atlantic," thence back to the 
"Giant," but in a short time resigned and went to Philadel- 
phia, where he served on the " Fairmount," in the volunteer 
fire department. On his return to Chicago, he went upon 
the "T. B. Brown," serving as Assistant Foreman, up to 
1868. He now went as Foreman upon the "Giant." 
After the Great Fire, March 1, 1872, he was appointed 
Third Assistant, and rapidly rose to his present responsible 
position. Mr. Musham possesses the confidence of his men 
to a notable extent, and, while not a man who makes 
acquaintances fast, his outside friends are legion. A fall- 
ing wall, at a fire at the corner of LaSalle and Water streets, 
in 1865, severely injured him. Two of his heroic comrades 
were killed there. 

JOHN REDELL. 

The Chief of the First Battalion was born in New York 
City, Dec. 28, 1847, and is of English extraction. After 



THE FIRE DEPARTMENT. 163 

a brief experience on the New York and Erie Railroad, he 
came to Chicago in 1862, becoming a clerk in the estab- 
lishment of Wills, Dunham & Hoyt, now Dunham & Wills, 
ship-chandlers. He afterward was proprietor of a grocery 
store, in which business he continued until after the fire. 
In February, 1873, he joined the Fire Department. He 
was first Pipeman on Engine No. 11, then on 22, back to 
11, where he was promoted as Lieutenant; then to 4, to 
13, to 27, to 14, to Chemical 2; to 13, where he was made 
a Captain, and then to 11. While here he was made Chief 
of the First Battalion. 

In 1866 the chief married Miss Clara Denker, the 
daughter of Joseph Denker, an old settler and prominent 
clothier. 

JOHN H. GREEN. 

The Chief of the Second Battalion is John Henry Green. 
He was born in Providence, R. L, Sept. 3, 1842. In this 
city he ran with Columbia Engine No. 12, while he worked 
for a silversmith. In 1860 he came to Chicago and worked 
as a printer four years. In 1864 he went as a Pipeman on 
Liberty Engine No. 7. Chief Swenie was then foreman 
of the company. In 1871 he was made Captain of Hook 
and Ladder No. 3, and then of No. 14, which company do- 
nated him a fire-hat and belt on leaving. He was Captain of 
Truck 3 until April 9, 1877, and among other experiences 
stepped off a roof at the corner of Lake and Green streets, 
falling thirty feet, and went down with the fourth floor to 
the second in a building on Jefferson street. Not long 
ago the Marshal received a present of a diamond stud from 
the Mystic Owl Club, of which he is President. 

FREDERICK J. GABRIEL. 

The Chief of the Third Battalion joined the Fire De- 
partment April 1, 1869. In 1872 he resigned from the 
department, but in a few years returned. He was ap- 



164 THE POLITICAL HISTORY OF CHICAGO. 

pointed Captain Jan. 9, 1876, and advanced to his present po- 
sition in the fall of 1885. His experience as a fireman has been 
a rather noteworthy one, he having had several miraculous 
escapes from death by falling walls, etc. When respond- 
ing to a fire on the North Side, soon after his promotion 
as Chief, his buggy collided with an engine and he was 
thrown to the ground, breaking his leg. The fracture was 
a bad one and the Marshal was confined to his home for 
several months. 

JOSEPH c. PAZEN. 

The Chief of the Fourth Battalion, with headquarters 
in the house of Company 3, commanded by that vet- 
eran fireman, Captain Jack McLean, was born February 14, 
1844, Ems. in the Dukedom of Nassau, Germany, and came 
to Chicago December 29, 1854. From this date he worked 
at his trade of confectionary until June, 1862, when he 
joined Company E, Sixty-fifth Regiment, Illinois Volunteers 
Infantry, then stationed at Camp Douglas. Mustered out 
in June, 1865, he resumed confectionary, and followed it 
until September, 1867, when he went upon the Chicago 
Fire Department as Pipeman of Engine Company No. 7, 
then at 611 West Lake street. He was made Captain of 
Hook and Ladder Company No. 1, on June 1, 1872, and 
served subsequently on Engine No. 23, and Hook and 
Ladders 8 and 4. On the death of the lamented David 
Kenyon, who received fatal injuries while responding to a 
false alarm, he was made acting Chief of the First Battalion, 
October 3, 1884. He was promoted Assistant Fire Marshal 
September 5, 1885. 

EDWAED W. MURPHY. 

The Chief of the Fifth Battalion was born in Chicago 
in 1854, where the Haven School now stands. He was 
first employed in C. G. Udell's ladder factory, but soon 
went to Milwaukee, where he was engaged in running a 



THE FIRE DEPARTMENT. 165 

stationary engine. He spent some time after at Standing 
Rock Agency, Dakota Territory, and Fort Snelliug. In 
1870 he came to Chicago, and worked as a fireman on the 
Illinois Central Railroad up to June, 1873, when he went 
upon the Fire Insurance Patrol. In 1874 he went upon 
the Fire Department as Pipeman of Engine No. 6. He then 
went on Hook and Ladder No. 4, where he was made lieu- 
tenant, and from there to Engine No. 10, whither he went 
to pilot the self-propeller. It was a perilous occupation 
indeed. When the horses were put back on No. 10 he 
went to No. 8. Transferred to No. 17, he was made a 
captain, and remained with this company for over five 
years. He was made Chief of Battalion in 1885. 

Chief Murphy is undoubtedly favored with a charmed 
life. He is the survivor of many a thrilling experience on 
duty. In June, 1877, at the fire in Reedy's Elevator, he 
took a trip from the top floor to the basement. He went 
down with seventeen others from the roof of the Academy 
of Music; was buried beneath falling walls at Meyer's Mills, 
where fireman James Conway was fatally injured and Cap- 
tain Donahue, had his leg broken and was otherwise hurt, 
and had a biood-vessel of the brain ruptured by a collision 
with a huge stone on Canal street. Fireman Michael 
Sheehan had his arm broken in four different places, and 
fireman Louis Ernst had a leg broken at the same time. 
L T poii the Chief's unexpected recovery the manufacturers 
of his district presented him with a valuable watch and 
chain as a mark of appreciation for services rendered. In 
1885 he fell from the top floor of a burning building on 
South AVater street. At this fire Bird and Mulvihill 
received fatal injuries. Recently he has excelled himself 
in the saving of life. He has probably won the Tree medal. 

M. W. CONWAY. 

The Chief of the Sixth Battalion, Michael William 
Conway, has been connected with the Chicago Fire De- 



166 THE POLITICAL HISTORY OF CHICAGO. 

partment since 1853. In 1856 he joined the Garden City 
Hose Company No. 6, but three years after went to Mem- 
phis, where he was when Fort Sumter was first fired on. 
He at once enlisted in Mulligan's Brigade, and during the 
war shared its perilous adventures. In 18G8 he joined 
Engine No. 5, which threw first water on the front of the 
big fire. In 1872 he went on Tempest Hose Company, 
which used the first chemical engine. In 1873 he was 
made Captain of No. 17, and was then transferred to No. 7, 
where he was when appointed Marshal, and placed in 
charge of the Seventh Battalion. This was in 1875. In 
1877 he took the Fourth Battalion, subsequently the Fifth 
Battalion and finally the Third Battalion. The Marshal 
was born in Ireland in 1852. In the fire of July, 1874, he 
was specially commended for heroism by the Fire Com- 
missioners. 

JOHN CAMPION. 

The Chief of the Seventh Battalion was born in 1849, 
in Kilkenny. In the same year the family came to Troy, 
New York, whence, after a brief stay, they removed to 
Kappinger's Falls, N. Y. In 1854 they came to Chicago, 
locating on Griswold street, now much changed, and known 
as Pacific avenue. In those days the night-school was a 
feature, and old man Condon was a prominent educator. 
To his custody the future fireman was given for a time. 
He subsequently attended St. Mary's and the James 
school. At sixteen he went to work in the Times office, 
and leaving there engaged in the shipment of cattle, with 
headquarters at the stock yard. This he pursued,- travel- 
ing extensively, up to the time of his appointment on the 
Fire Department. This was on April 1, 1870, although 
he ran to fires years before. He went first on duty on 
No. 6. His promotion followed very fast. In 1873 
he was appointed a captain of a company in the Exposi- 
tion Building. In the same year he went on No. 2. In 



THE KIKE DEPARTMENT. 167 

1874 he went back to No. 6; in 1875, to No. 7. In 1878 
he stepped into the vacancy caused by the death of George 
Ran, Captain of No. 1, and was promoted therefrom 
April 8, 1882. Chief Campion has been in many hard ex- 
periences, but has been uniformly fortunate. 

LEO MEYERS. 

The Chief of the Eighth Battalion was the first white 
male child born in Chicago. The event occurred June 
26, 1834. While he attended school he was a torch boy on 
Bucket Company No. 1. He afterward served as Pipe- 
man on the "Lawrence Hand" engine No. 7 and Niagara 
No. 3. When the pay department Avas organized, he went 
on the " Island Queen." He was afterward foreman of 
the U. P. Harris No. 5, up to 18G3, when Chief Harris 
appointed him Assistant Marshal. He resigned, shortly, 
however, for the foremanship of Supply Hose No. 2, but 
shortly he accepted a position with the Babcock Manufac- 
turing Company as a deliverer of apparatus. He was made 
Captain of No. 10, 1874, but was soon transferred to en- 
gine 23. He was created Assistant Fire Marshal in 1877 and 
has charge of the lumber district, a most responsible po- 
sition indeed. 

RICHARD FITZGERALD. 

The Chief of the Ninth Battalion, is one of the best 
natured men on the department. It does a person good 
once in a while to drop in on him. 

Mr. Fitzgerald was born in 1841, in Limerick, Ireland. 
In 1848 the family removed to America, and in 1857 our 
subject came to Chicago. He followed stone-cutting up 
to the time he joined the Chicago Fire Department. He 
went on No. 10 as a Pipeman first, and subsequently served 
on Engine 6, Trucks 4 and 8, and Engines 2 and 29. He 
was promoted a Lieutenant in 1874, to Captain when on 
Engine 2, and September 5, 1885, to Chief of Battalion. 



168 THE POLITICAL HISTORY OF CHICAGO. 

PETER SCHNUR. 

The Chief of the Tenth Battalion was born in the city of 
New York, September 28, 1842. When he was six months 
old his family came to Chicago, and educated him here. 
At the outbreak of the war he joined Taylor's Chicago 
Battery, and among other battles, fought at Donelson, Bel- 
mont, Shiloh, Arkansas Post, and Vicksburg, and July 24, 
1864, he was mustered out. He went at once on No. 
8 under the late Marshal Thomas Barry, but soon went on 
No. 7 under Captain Swenie. In 1872 he was made Assist- 
ant Foreman of Engine 10, and shortly thereafter was 
made Captain of Hook and Ladder 2. In October, 1873, 
he was transferred as Captain to No. 14. On January 21, 
1878, he was created Chief of the Third Battalion. In 
March, 1882, he was given command of the Sixth Battal- 
ion. The Marshal is very popular, not only at home, but 
with visiting firemen. 

CHARLES 8. PETRIE. 

Marshal Petrie, Secretary of the Fire Department, was 
born in Chicago, September 25, 1840. When he was fif- 
teen, he commenced working for McCormick's Reaper 
factory and at the same time ran with Hose Company No. 
11. In 1857, after a trip to Pike's Peak, he steamboated 
on the Mississippi and Missouri rivers, as an assistant 
engineer. In 1858, he went to Nashville, Tenn., and in 
1862 married there. Coming to Chicago, he became engi- 
neer on the tug-boat Union. He then served as Assistant 
Engineer on the " Atlantic Engine " No. 3 ; subsequently 
he was Engineer on the "J. B. Rice" No. 10. He was 
Engineer of No. 3 in 1872, when he was appointed Third 
Assistant Fire Marshal. He was soon promoted to Second 
Assistant Marshal. In 1877, he was made Superintendent 
of the Repair Shop, responding at the same time to second 
alarms and supplying the places of absent marshals. On 



THE FIRE DEPARTMENT. 16D 

the evening of October 12, 1880, he caine very near losing 
his life at a fire in the Academy of Music, on Halsted 
street. On January 15, 1881, he was appointed Secretary. 
He has invented many improvements on the department, 

MAURICE W. SHAY. 

The fire inspector, was born March 22, 1832, in Antig- 
onish, Nova Scotia. AVhen he was six years old the family 
removed to Eastport, Maine, and then to Charlestowii, 
Massachusetts, where at the age of fifteen "Sandy "ran 
with Warren Engine and Company No. 4. He was pres- 
ent at the Haverhill street fire in Boston the following 
year with the same company. While he was running to 
fires he had also learned the cooper trade. In 1849 he 
went to Cleveland and joined Phoenix Engine Company 
No. 4 in 1850. He went to Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, 
two years after and joined the Eagle fire company, but in 

1855 he went back to the Phoenix at Cleveland, and in 

1856 was elected Assistant Engineer of the Department. He 
served as such up to October, 1857, when he came to Chi- 
cago. The New England House fire was probably the 
most disastrous he fought while in Cleveland. In Chicago 
he was elected Pipeman on Liberty Hose No. 6, and inside 
of a year he was made Assistant Foreman. When twenty- 
three lives were lost at the D. B. Cooke fire on South 
Water street in 1857 he had a narrow escape. He was on 
the top rung of the ladder and foreman John C. Dickey 
was at the bottom. He told Dickey to move, but the un- 
fortunate foreman, not comprehending the injunction, 
was instantly killed by falling brick, while Shay was 
thrown clear of it. In 1858, on the disbandment of No. G, 
he retired from the service, but in 1861 went back on Hook 
and Ladder No. 1. In 1802 he went on the "Little 
Giant." In 1864 he became foreman of the " Frank Sher- 
man." In 1867 he became foreman of the " Titsworth," 



170 THE POLITICAL HISTOEY OF 

known in these days as the crack company. Here he be- 
came popular, and with this apparatus he made his gallant 
fight against the fire of 1871. On October 3, 1873, he 
was created Assistant Marshal, although tendered the 
Chief Engineership of the St. Paul department. In 1881 
Shay ran to the rescue of Ottawa, Illinois, a distance of 
eighty-five miles in eighty-five minutes. 

JOEL A. KINNEY. 

The ex-Chief of the Fourth Battalion, doing duty at 
headquarters, Joel Agustus Kinney, was born in the town 
of Lodi, Cattaraugus, N. Y., July 19, 1828. He first saw 
Chicago in 1837, but did not permanently locate here un- 
til 1840. He attended the public school and worked in 
Long John's printing office, but like the majority of the boys 
" ran with der macheen;" and at a fire at the corner of La 
Salle and Lake street, he had rather a close call. At the age of 
sixteen he joined "Fire King" No. 9. In 1852 he became 
a fireman in reality, and in 1855 was made assistant fore- 
man of the Department. When the paid department was 
organized he became foreman of the " Long John/' but in 
1860 went to Pike's Peak to dig for gold and did not find very 
much. He came back on the Fire Department as foreman 
of Engine 2, but in 1867 went on No. 9. On February 
14, 1874, he was made Assistant Marshal. On the 16th he 
took command of the Fifth Battalion. On May 1, 1880, 
he took charge of the Fourth Battalion. Marshal Kinney 
had narrow escapes when the roof of the dancing academy 
on Ada street fell, and the roof of the Academy of Music 
dropped. Marshal Petrie and our subject were the two 
principal characters on the stage that day, and they ap- 
peared before a large audience. 

FREDERICK N. SHIPPY. 

One of the most valuable clerks in the employ of the 
city is the Assistant Secretary of the Fire Department. He 



THE FIRE DEPARTMENT. 171 

was born in Chicago within a stone's throw of the Rookery. 
He went upon the fire department in 1872, joining Engine 
Company 16, and afterward working on Chemical 1. and 
Hook and Ladder companies 1 and 4. In 1877 he was ap- 
pointed to his present position. 

JOHN. P. BARRETT. 

Chicago's eminent electrician, John P. Barrett, was 
born in Auburn, N. Y., in 1837. The family removing to 
Chicago in 1845, he was sent to the public school, where 
he industriously studied up to his fourteenth year, when 
his father dying he went to work to support himself, his 
brother and three sisters. He adopted a seafaring life en- 
gaging as a deck-sweep on the steamer Pacific, which run- 
ning in connection with the Michigan Central Rail 
road, plied between New Buffalo, Chicago and Milwaukee. 
As a seaman and mate he toiled up to 1857, when 
he went to New York and shipped for Cali- 
fornia, whence he several times circumnavigated 
the Horn. In 1858, while off the coast of Chili, his ves- 
sel was dismasted, and he was so injured that after an 
experience of eighteen months in the Mariner's Hospital 
of San Francisco, he abandoned the sea and came to Chi- 
cago. Here August 1, 1862, Fire Marshal U. P. Harris, 
appointed him watchman of engine company No. 1. He 
was then transferred to company No. 11, and thence to 
the cupola on the court house as bell ringer. In May, 
1865, the fire alarm telegraph was instituted, and he became 
an assistant in that service. From that hour his progress 
was rapid, until today he stands foremost, probably, at the 
head of the largest municipal telegraph in existence. 
Among Mr. Barrett's numerous inventions are the Barrett 
Automatic Joker, accelerating the receipt of the alarm of 
fire, by the* department, and in conjunction with the chief 
of the police, the police patrol telegraph referred to exten- 
sively elsewhere. 



172 THE POLITICAL HISTORY OF CHICAGO. 

DAVID M. HYLAND. 

The Chief Operator in the Fire Alarm office is David 
Myron Hyland. He was born in Lowell, Mass., November 

12, 1850, and when six years of age, accompanied by his 
parents, located in Shannon, 111., on a farm. The 
family removing after two years to Chicago, David at- 
tended the Kinzie School, and was subsequently sent to 
South Bend. In 1865 he returned to Chicago and went to 
work for the Merchants Union Express Company. In 
1867 he joined the Fire Department, becoming first a 
member of Engine 3, then of Truck 2, then of Engines 6, 

13, 12, and 17. After the great fire he was transferred to 
Engine 11. In May, 1872, he entered the Fire Alarm 
office as repairer, was subsequently created an operator, 
and in 1876 was appointed Chief Operator. 

JOHN FITZPATRICK. 

Johnny Fitzpatrick, Operator in the Fire Alarm 
office, has, in one way or another, been connected with 
telegraphy since he was eleven years old. He has thor- 
oughly mastered the profession, and says he hopes to die 
at the keys. Our subject was born in Ireland, March 25, 
1849, but as he came to this country when an infant, he 
considers himself a native American. His youth was 
spent in New York City. At the age of eleven he en- 
tered the employ of the New York Magnetic Telegraph 
Company, which has since consolidated with the Western 
Union. At the age of sixteen he was an operator. Sub- 
sequently he came to Chicago, and was employed on the 
Chicago & Alton Railroad from 1873 to 1876. During the 
three last years he was with the railroad he was train- 
dispatcher. In the fall of 1876 he resigned his berth on 
the Chicago & Alton to accept a position in the City Fire 
Alarm and Telegraph office, where his services are indis- 
pensable. 



THE FIKE DEPARTMENT. 173 



WILLIAM CAKROLL. 

William Carroll, presumably one of the oldest operators 
in the Fire Alarm service, was born in Payne, 0., March 
22, 1854. In 1855, his parents moved to Iowa, where, up to 
1872, the subject of this sketch traveled through the ordi- 
nary branches of a common, school education. In this year 
Mr. Carroll came to Chicago, and soon became a warm 
friend of the much-lamented Mark Sheridan, President of 
the old Board of Police and Fire Commissioners. In 1874 
he entered the service of the city. He commands the confi- 
dence of his many friends and associates. 

FRANK J. LEWIS. 

Frank J. Lewis was born in Chicago, April 9, 1865, 
attended Haven and Mosley high schools up to the age of 
sixteen, was appointed telegraph operator in Police De- 
partment May 7, 1882, and occupies the same position now. 

JAMES P. CROWLEY. 

James Patrick Crowley, operator in the Fire Alarm 
Telegraph Office was born in Chicago, Oct. 22, 1862. He 
attended school in St. Patrick's Parish. He first worked 
in the Board of Trade telephone office, and in 1882 be- 
came connected with the fire alarm service. He is the son 
of Captain Crowley, formerly of Engine No. 5. 

JACOB F. MEHREN". 

Jacob F. Mehren was born in Chicago July 31, 1857. 
Having attended the German Parish School, he entered St. 
Ignatius College in 1870 and studied there until 1873. 
AVas first employed by the Western Union and American 
District telegraph companies. In 1876 he commenced the 
manufacture of telegraph instruments, medical batteries, 
etc., at his home. He was so engaged until the riot in 
1877, when the city employed him as an operator. In 



174 THE POLITICAL HISTORY OF CHICAGO. 

1881 ho was allowed by Prof. Barrett to serve the American 
Cable Company in laying the first underground cable 
along the Western Indiana Kailway, extending from Mad- 
ison to Twenty-seventh streets. In 1881, when the fire 
alarm telegraph repair shop was opened, he was transferred 
to that department and he is there now. 

FREDEEICK W. GUND. 

Frederick W. Guild was born in Chicago, May 22, 1851, 
attended St. Joseph's School until twelve years old, went 
to Notre Dame, Ind., from 1863 to 1866, joined the Fire 
Alarm Telegraph in 1867, under Prof. E. B. Chandler, 
and remained there until the fall of 1872, when, or shortly 
thereafter, he became a member of Hook and Ladder 
Company No. 3. He now went over to No. 17, but soon 
left to fill the vacancy made by a prominent member of 
Supply Hose No. 3, under Captain Walters, at one time 
Assistant Fire Marshal in the city of Chicago. From No. 3 
he went to Engine No. 27, and thence to Chemical No. 4, 
whence he was transferred to the Fire Alarm Telegraph, 
under its present Superintendent Prof. J. P. Barrett . This 
occurred May 11, 1875. 

PRESENT ORGANIZATION OF THE FIRE DEPARTMENT. 

The following is the organization of the Cre depart- 
ment (Headquarters, City Hall). 

Fire Marshal and Chief of Brigade, D. J. Swenie : 1st 
Asst. Fire Marshal and Dept. Inspector, William H. Mush- 
am ; Asst. Fire Marshal and Dept. Secretary, Charles S. 
Petrie ; Fire Inspector, Maurice W. Shay ; Chiefs of 
Battalion 1st, John Redell ; 2d, John H. Green ; 3d, 
Frederick J. Gabriel ; 4th, Joseph C. Pazen ; 5th, Edward 
W. Murphy ; 6th, Michael W. Conway ; 7th, John Cam- 
pion ; 8th, Leo Meyers ; 9th, Richard Fitzgerald ; 10th, 
Peter Schnur ; Clerks, Joel A. Kinney, Fred N. Shippy ; 
Supt. of horses, Eugene Sullivan ; Driver for Fire Marshal, 



THE FIRE DEPARTMENT- 

Thomas Mo-naghan ; Drivers Fuel and Supply wagon, 
Richard Stringer, Alfred Phillips, Willam L. Heartt, 
Lawrence Redmond, John Quinn. 

City Telegraph (Central Office, City Hall.). Superin- 
tendent, John P. Barrett ; Chief Operator, David M. 
Hyland ; Operators, John Fitzpatrick, William Carroll, 
Harry Leser, Jacob F. Mehren ; Repairers, Frederick W. 
Gund, James Fitzpatrick, Frank W. Swenie, Thomas 
Burns, John Mangan ; Electric Light Inspector, Clark C . 
Haskins ; Machinist, Charles F . Strubbe ; Linemen, Owen 
B . Dougherty, Charles Shaffer ; Batteryman, Nils Olesen . 

Engine Company No. 1 (220 S_ Franklin). Captain, 
John Klett, 200 E .. Division ; Lieutenant, John Clingen, 
1819 Butterfield ; Pipemen, John Ryan, 2424 Sanger, John 
Canty, 410 Brown, Richard Kennedy, 20 Charles place, 
Henry Scott, 27 Sanger, C. Pipeman, John Kaefer, 320 Blue 
Island ave. ; Engineer, John Hammill, 127 Lytle ; Asst. 
Engineer, George Leslie, 39 Plum; Driver, Patrick Murphy,. 
114 Sebor ; C. Driver, James Wall, 2.026 S. Dearborn. 

Engine Company No. 2(2417 Sanger). Captain,. 
Lewis Fiene, 2876 Archer ave. ; Lieutenant, William J. 
Sweeney 2728 Archer ave. ; Pipemen, Joseph Stoltz, 49 Fin- 
nel, Bernard McDonough, 3441 Dearborn ; Engineer, Tim- 
othy Moynihan, 166 Kossuth ; Asst. Engineer, Robert A. 
Whelan,* 605 Twenty-fifth ; Drivers, Isaac M. Adler, 512 
Twenty-sixth, James Dwyer, 543 Twenty-sixth. 

Engine Company No. 3 (237 W. Chicago ave.). Cap- 
tain, John McLean, 276 N. May ; Lieutenant, Alexander T. 
Kopeto, 46 Cornell ; Pipemen, Ener C. Anderson, 247 W. 
Chicago ave., Henry Nelson, 332 E. Division, Charles 
Schultze, 24 Jane ; Engineer, Dominick Malatesta, 441 W . 
Huron ; Asst . Engineer, William H . Cogswell, 238 W . 
Chicago ave. ; Drivers,. David Cowing, 201 W. Chicago 
ave . , William Windle, 840 Milwaukee ave .. ; Watchman,, 
Charles Miller,. 412. Sedgwick. 



176 THE POLITICAL HISTORY OF CHICAGO. 

Engine Company No. 4 (409 Larrabee). Captain, 
John G. Carlson, 39 N. Grove; Lieutenant, Thomas H. 
Maxwell, 464 Webster ave. ; Pipemen, Frank Geis 20 Hull ; 
and Joseph McCormick, Engineer, Edward C . Knuth, 
157 Fremont ; Asst . Engineer, Conrad Lisegang, 142 
Dayton ; Drivers, William Cary, 193 Orchard, Adam Breit, 
419 Larrabee; Watchman, George W. Helmer 912 N. 
Halsted. . - 

Engine Company No. 5 (197 S. Jefferson). Captain, 
William E. Hand, 1247 Wilcox ave.; Lieutenant, John 
Hall, 125 Brown; Pipemen, Frank Walters, 345 S. Halsted, 
John Cavanaugh, 230 DeKoven, James McDonough, 86 N. 
Market; Engineer, William H. Sampson, 763 Carroll ave.; 
Asst. Engineer, Samuel U. Nield, 236 S. Green; Drivers, 
Peter F. Quinn, 119 S. Green, Nils Westergard, 388 Mil- 
waukee ave. 

Engine Company No. 6 (143 Maxwell). Captain, John 
J. Hennessey, 33 Silver; Pipemen, Patrick Foley, 134 W. 
Twelfth, John J. Evans, 85 Johnson, Michael McKeirnan, 
484 S. Jefferson ; Engineer, Eobert Miller, 220 W. 
Eighteenth; Asst. Engineer, Walter Daker, 39 Newberry 
ave.; Drivers, Matthew Prindiville, 116 Johnson, Frank 
Hohenadel, 317 S. Jefferson. 

Engine Company No. 7 (31 Blue Island ave.). Captain, 
James Heaney, 199 Mather; Lieutenant, Cornelius Man- 
ning, 20 Nebraska; Pipemen, John C. Connors, 535 W. 
Twelfth, Michael Kearns, 382 W. Harrison, Louis L. 
Ernst, 211 Forquer; Engineer, George D. Hahn, 425 W. 
Taylor; Asst. Engineer, James C. Syme, 380 W. Madison; 
Drivers, Martin Murphy, 342 Blue Island ave., Patrick 
W. Murphy, 612 Loomis. 

Engine Company No. 8 (1921 Archer ave.). Captain, 
Wm. H. Townsend, 758 Twenty-seventh; Lieutenant, 
Stephen Scanlon, 469 Thirty-first; Pipemen, John Gahan, 
335 Twenty-fourth, James Tobin, 2623 Butterfield, Michael 



THE FIKE DEPARTMENT. 177 

A. Curry, 2170 Archer ave. ; Engineer, Wallace T. Phelps, 
3536 Butterfield; Asst. Engineer, Frank B. Hutchison, 
229 Twenty-sixth; Drivers, Daniel I. Cleghorn, 1931 
Archer ave., Frank J. Donnegan, 21 Plum; Watchman, 
Norman T. Ormsby. 

Engine Company No. 9 (2527 Cottage Grove ave.). 
Captain, Eugene Sweeney, 2945 Cottage Grove ave. Lieut- 
enant, Martin Mergenthaler, 27 Twenty-second pi. ; Pipe- 
men, Lorenz Schmidt, 2820 S. Park ave., John O'Leary, 
700 Thirty-first; Engineer, George Leady, 3554 La Salle; 
Asst. Engineer, John Dawson, 2598 S. Park ave. ; Drivers, 
James Murnane, 68 Wilson, Jacob N. Reis, 3740 Stan- 
ton ave. 

Engine Company No. 10 (82 Pacific ave.). Captain, Rob- 
ert C. Palmer, 3007 S. State; Lieutenant, James Tobin, 487 
Fifth ave. ; Pipemen, William Hart, 1451 S. State, Cornelius 
E. Smith, 90 Miller, Michael Noon, 278 Clinton, Francis H. 
Curran, 461 Hastings; C. Pipeman, John Duffy, 316 W. 
Congress ; Engineer, Michael Heilmann, 1726 La Salle ; 
Asst. Engineer, James Lundy, 138 Michigan ; Driver, 
Edward Sweeney, 2823 Cologne; Driver, Albert Pepin, 
279 W. Taylor. 

Engine Company No. 11 (225 Michigan). Captain, 
Henry Greenhoff, 127 Vedder; Lieutenant, Michael Ehret, 
128 Chestnut; Pipemen, William O'Connell, 259 N. Mar- 
ket, Patrick J. Falvey, 78 Milton ave., Edward Kelly, 225 
Michigan; C. Pipeman, John Anderson, 43 Heine; En- 
gineer, Thomas H. Melvin, 18 Pine; Asst. Engineer, 
Alexander McPherson, 172 Ontario; Drivers, Martin Sim- 
mons, 286 N. Wells, James Kennedy, 229 N. Market. 

Engine Company No. 12 (611 West Lake). Captain, 
Paul Ditt, 250 Walnut; Lieutenant, Peter J. Vogt, 523 
Noble; Pipemen, Arthur J. Kelley, 633 Austin ave., 
Patrick J. Brosnan, 14 Rumsey, Daniel J. McCarthy, 207 
N. Green; Engineer, Thomas A. Clark, 141 N. Lincoln; 
12 



178 THE POLITICAL HISTORY OF CHICAGO. 

Asst. Engineer, John J. Gleason, 514 W. Erie; Drivers, 
Hiram Ashman, 517 Park ave., George H. Wheeler, 761 
Carroll ave. 

Engine Company No. 13 (19 Dearborn). Captain, 
John Hannon, 211 Illinois; Lieutenant, William H. Bart- 
lett, 211 La Salle ave.; Pipemen, Daniel O'Kane, 19 Dear- 
born, Peter H. Fleming, 35 Wesson, Louis Bittig, 11 
Connors, William J. Mullin, 522 Hurlbut, John F. 
Sheridan, 65 W. Thirteenth; Engineer, Henry H. Mc- 
Cuen, 430 Wabash ave.; Asst. Engineer, Jacob Braun, 542 
E. Division; Drivers, Edward J. Kerr, 54 Goethe, Peter 
McGrew, 183 Superior. 

Engine Company No . 14 (38 Chicago ave). Captain, 
George L. Taylor, 360 Wells; Lieutenant, Theodore G. 
Bernhardt, 483 Larrabee; Pipemen, Edward E. Varges, 
503 Larrabee, Hans H . Hemb, 108 Oak, Peter Massion, 12 
Starr; Engineer, John J. Berry, 498 Sedgwick; C. Assis- 
tant Engineer, Samuel McDonel, 184 S. Morgan; Driver, 
Michael Finn, 208 North ave; C. Driver, John W. An- 
derson, 43 Heine. 

Engine Company, No. 15 (305 W. Twenty-second). 
Captain, James Enright, 2619 Joseph; Pipemen, John 
Belsky, 612 W. Eighteenth, John Padden, 308 W. Twenty- 
second, John Dooly, 308 W. Twenty-second; Chief Pipe- 
man, James Sullivan, 734 W. Twenty-first; Engineer, 
Charles L. Cory, 3248 Illinois ave. ; Asst. Engineer, Henry 
Clohecy, 308 W. Twenty-second; Drivers, Michael Barrett, 
847 W. Twenty-second, Christian Heiser, 140 Canalport 
ave. 

Engine Company No. 16 (287 Thirty-first). Captain, 
Nicholas Dubach, 2807 Fifth ave.; Lieutenant, George W. 
Weller, 346 E. Twenty-second; Pipemen, William Vernon, 
3132 Lake Park ave., Joseph Eoss, 3107 Wentworth ave.; 
Engineer, James F. Enright, 3634 Stanton ave.; Asst. En- 
gineer, Joseph A. McLaughlin, 3150 S. State; Drivers, 



THE FIRE DEPARTMENT. 179 

Edward Moran, 490 Thirtieth, William O'Brien, 2118 Ar- 
nold; Watchman, Nicholas J. Pauls, 2967 Wentworth ave. 

Engine Company No. 17 Double Company (80 W. 
Lake). Captain, John Lynch, 20 Nebraska; Lieutenants, 
Edward Byrne, 570 Pulton, Lawrence A. Shean, 247 W. 
North ave.; Pipemen, John W. Flynn, 49 Goethe, Charles 
Harbig, 162 N. Peoria, Frederick A. Sloat, 134 W. Twelfth, 
John F. Jorndt, 136 W. Erie, Michael J. Lahey, 22 W. 
Eleventh, John Ralson, 236 N. Halsted, David Parr, 155 
S. Desplaines; Engineers, William M. Wise, 51 S. Curtis, 
Charles Blom, 907 N. Halsted; Asst. Engineers, Patrick 
II. Quinn, Madison and Desplaines, James H. Hickey, 63 
W. Lake; Drivers, John McDonnell, 42 Ruble, Herman C. 
Haas, 155 S. Desplaines; Chief Driver, Robert J. Hamil- 
ton, 80 W. Lake; Pipeman, Det. Watchman, James H. 
Healy, 25 Clybourn ave. 

Engine Company No. 18 (438 W. Twelfth) .Captain, 
Hugo Franzen, 404 Maxwell; Lieutenant, Michael Driscoll, 
243 S. Halsted; Pipemen, Luke Waters, 22 Arthington, 
Thomas Conroy, 12 Walsh ct. ; Engineer, Fred Allen, 361 
Center ave; Asst. Engineer, Edd. Hunt, 318 W. Twelfth; 
Drivers, John Twaddle, 11 Sholto, Harvey E. Bean 358 S. 
May. 

Engine Company No. 19 (3451 Cottage Grove ave.). 
Captain, John Fitzgerald, 2914 S. Park ave. ; Lieutenant, 
James T. Foley, 2844 Lowe ave.; Pipemen, John Cranby, 
19 University pi., Theodore Lagger, 326 Twenty -third; 
Engineer, John C. Cooney, 3700 Ellis ave.; Asst. Engineer, 
Samuel Patterson, 3806 Cottage Grove ave.; Drivers, Mi- 
chael Daly, 3527 Prairie ave., Claudius Blair, 3638 Stanton 
ave 

Engine Company No. 20 (39 Rawson) . Captain, Charles 
T. Brown, 39 Rawson; Lieutenant, Frederick Stift, 55 
Center; Pipemen, Matthew Kettern, Engine House, Will- 
iam McDermott, 162 Seminary ave.; Engineer, George 



180 THE POLITICAL HISTORY OF CHICAGO. 

Lathrop, 129 Webster ave.; Asst. Engineer, Charles M. 
Host, 276 W. North ave.; Drivers, Timothy Clifford, 41 
Goethe; John Montgomery, 43 A. 

Engine Company No. 21 (7 Taylor). Captain, Joseph 
L. Kenyon, 468 S. State; Pipemen, Anthony Makens, 225 
Third ave,, James E. Porter, 2834 Butterfield, Eichard T. 
Caeser, 466 S. State, Charles Scott, 211 Third ave.; Engi- 
neer, William Watkins, 3122 S. Dearborn; Asst. Engineer, 
William H. Cartwright, 435 Twenty-fourth; Drivers, Ste- 
phen Paine, 1719 S. State, Marshall Ward, 474 S. State. 

Engine Company No. 22 (454 Webster ave.). Captain, 
James J. Walsh, 47 Grove ct. ; Lieutenant, Peter Lawson, 
183 Center; Pipemen, William Schubert, 123 Osgood, 
William Mullin, 522 Hurl but; Engineer, Francis Berry, 
203 Lincoln ave.; Asst. Engineer, John Calahan, 935 N. 
Halsted; Drivers, William J. Moore, 95 Fremont, Frede- 
rick J. Varges, 312 Burling. 

Engine Company No. 23 (54 Hinman). Captain, John 
McDonough; 547 S. Leavitt; Lieutenant, John Elliott, 77 
Sholto; Pipemen, John J. Flemmiug, 706 Hinman, Michael 
Cummings, 109 Newberry, ave.; Engineer, Levi A. For- 
ester, 33 Moore; Asst. Engineer, Gerold Allen, 734 Hin- 
man; Drivers, John G. Eisedorph, 652 Twenty-first, John 
McGinn, 665 S. May. 

Engine Company No. 24 (1009 W. Madison). Captain, 
Frank H. Butterfield, 1088 W. Madison; Lieutenant, Pe- 
ter A. Lynch, 1021 W. Monroe; Pipemen, Charles Thomp- 
son, 150 Owasco, and Benedict Eudolph, 1248 Fulton; 
Engineer, Henry V. Coleman, 271 Campbell ave. ; Asst. 
Engineer, George H. Fisher, 209 Campbell ave. ; Drivers, 
Eeuben Bunnell, 977 Wilcox ave., and Lawrence Drooney, 
1067 W. Monroe. 

Engine Company No, 25 (127 Canalport ave). Cap- 
tain, Christian Schimmels, 571 S. Halsted; Lieutenant, 
William Hanlon, 703 S. Halsted; Pipemen, Frederick W. 



THE FIRE DEPARTMENT. 181 

Buehler, 370 Johnson, and George W. Dow, 342 Blue 
Island ave. ; Engineer, Frank Michels, 361 W. Polk; Asst. 
Engineer, Charles Welch, 526 S. Halsted; Drivers, John 
J. O'Brien, 364 W. Fourteenth, and Peter Hart, 1629 S. 
Clark. 

Engine Company No. 26 (142 N. Lincoln). Captain, 
Charles A. Anderson, 393 W. Huron; Lieutenant, Eobert 
L. Hunt, 222 Walnut; Pipemen, Charles E. Case, 976 W. 
Lake, and George W. Albrecht, 10 Emerson ave.; Engi- 
neer, John Michels, 31 Eyers ct. ; Asst . Engineer, George 
J. Fuller, 704 W. Chicago ave. ; Drivers, George N. Jew- 
ett, 14 Eumsey, and John Adank, 518 Park ave. 

Engine Company No. 27 (437 N. Wells). Captain, 
Nicholas Weinand, 393 Oak; Lieutenant, George B. Mil- 
ler, 89 Sigel; Pipemen, George E. Geis, 431 Elm, John 
Rowan, 332 N. Branch, and Frank Burger, 615 Larrabee; 
Engineer, Frank B. Flynn, 30 Menominee; Asst. Engineer, 
Matthew Geis, 61 Mohawk; Drivers, John T. O'Malley, 26 
Superior, and John Fleck, 679 Sedgwick. 

Engine Company No. 28 (104 Deering). Captain, 
James Fitzpatrick, 2888 Archer ave.; Lieutenant, John 
B. Jaimayfield, 2645 Hickory; Pipemen, Peter Phelan, 
2947 Arch, and Henry Kipley, 2802 Archer ave. ; Engi- 
neer, John Doyle, 3729 Dearborn; Asst. Engineer, Charles 
Cooney, 3700 Ellis ave.; Drivers, James Maloney, 2807 
Hickory, and Bartholomew Cloonan, 2922 Main. 

Engine Company No. 29 (846 Thirty-fifth). Captain, 
David J. Mahoney, 2100 La Salle; Lieutenant, Thomas 
Kenny, 3332 Emerald ave.; Pipemen, John Downs, 2907 
Lowe ave., and Michael Clark, 3814 Dashiel; Engineer, 
James Kingswell, 3251 La Salle; Asst. Engineer, John D. 
Sleeth, 3122 S. Halsted; Drivers, Victor F. Rofinot. 3022 
Emerald ave., and Patrick Fleming, 3220 Emerald ave. 

Engine Company No. 30 (514 N. Ashland ave.). Cap- 
tain, Norman N. Holt, 706 W. Chicago ave.; Lieutenant, 



182 THE POLITICAL HISTORY OF CHICAGO. 

Bernard Smith, 526 \V. Chicago ave. ; Pipemen, William 
Fries, 178 Orchard, and John B. Listman, 95 George; En- 
gineer, John A. Prindergast, 420 AV. Huron; Asst. Engi- 
neer, Joseph Cichocky, 29 Cornell; Drivers, Joseph E. 
Howe, 20 Fry, and Charles Flick, 514 Ashland ave. 

Engine Company No. 31 (374 Ogden ave.). Captain, 
Joseph O'Donohue, 1020 W. Taylor; Lieutenant, Thomas 
J. Canty, 908 W. Twelfth; Pipemen, James Whelan, 1140 
W. Jackson, and James E. Feeny, 171 Thirteenth pi.; 
Engineer, George W. Dugan, 301 AV. Jackson; Asst. En- 
gineer, Martin Aldrich, 615 W. Twelfth: Drivers, James 

A. Carlin, 870 TV. Harrison, and James Han rah an, 111 1ST. 
Lincoln. 

Engine Company No. 32 (Michigan ave. and Monroe, 
north end Exposition Building). Captain, Daniel Wall, 
410 W. Taylor; Lieutenant, John Haeberle, 186 Sedgwick; 
Pipemen, John 0. Day, 140 Michigan ave., Frederick 
Kaeder, 1909 S. State, Conrad Euhl, 2238 Wentworth ave., 
James Lafevour, 495 W. Indiana, and Joseph Heaney, 658 
W. Twenty-first; Engineer, Timothy J. Lynch, 225 N. 
Market; Asst. Engineer, John Hassis, 239 N. Market; 
Drivers, John Murphy, 566 W. Fourteenth, and Edward 

B. Silsby, 2416 Wentworth ave. 

Engine Company No. 33 (150 Southport ave.). Cap- 
tain, Lorens Walters, 144 Dearborn ave.; Lieutenant, Ed- 
ward O'Neill, 292 Huron; Pipemen, James J. Grant, 84 
Webster ave., and Clemens Moringer, 83 Mohawk; Engi- 
neer, Francis E. Sowersby, 51 Osgood; Asst. Engineer, 
Charles W. Hopkins, 86 Webster ave. ; Drivers, John Ty- 
son, 82 Grant pi., and George Steuernagle, 126 Webster ave. 

Engine Company No, 34 (19 South Curtis). Captain, 
Thomas Webber, 299 Austin ave. ; Lieutenant, Patrick J. 
Jennings, 85 Thirteenth pi.; Pipemen, Philip E. Haas, 
139 N. Lincoln, John C. Goodwin 549 S. Leavitt, Daniel 
Murphy, 493 S. Morgan ; Engineer, Charles H. Waters, 



THE FIRE DEPARTMENT. 183 

349 Center ave. ; Assistant Engineer, George B. Hargan, 
315 W. Taylor ; Drivers, Dennis Layden, 14 Wright, 
George Frinier, 459 W. Twelfth. 

Engine Company No. 35 (478 W. North ave). Captain, 
August L. Schubert, 787 Washtenaw ave.; Lieutenant, 
Alfred W. Pendleton, Engine House ; Pipemen, William 
C. Fis'her, 30 Evergreen ave., Henry Kaulbach, 667 Mil- 
waukee ave.; Engineer, William H. Kline, 468 W. North 
ave. ; Assistant Engineer, Wilder B. Card, 560 W. North 
ave.; Drivers, Henry A. Michels, 28 Martine ct., Joseph 
O'Malley, 1118 N. Oakley ave. 

Engine Company No. 37 (River Fire Boat, Allen's Slip, 
May and Twenty-second). Captain, William A. Cowan, 
2863 Deering ; Pipemen, Aaron Jansen, 256 Blackhawk, 
Frederick Goetz, 140 Canalport ave.; Pilot, Michael J. 
Driscoll, 14 Menominee ; Fireman, John F. Weine, 303 
W. Twenty-second; Engineer, Robert Nicholson, 3058 Main, 
Assistant Engineer, Daniel F. Rice, 9 Carl ; Assistant 
Pilot and Pipeman, James E. Nolan, 303 W. Twenty- 
second. 

Hook and Ladder Company No. 1 (84 Pacific ave). 
Captain, Peter Trainor, 126 Sebor ; Lieutenant, Patrick 
Donahue, 148 W. Jackson ; Truckmen, Henry Schroeder, 
274 W. Twelfth, Thomas P. Breen, 336 S. Morgan, Otto 
H. Miller, 323 Twenty-third, William Langdon, 464 S. 
Desplaines, George Bauman, 78 Twenty-fifth, Frederick 
Heilmann, 315 S. State, Patrick 0. Neil, 29 Chatham ct.; 
Truckman, Edgar K. Hand, 1605 Wabash ave.; Driver, 
George W. Cooke, 282 Honore. 

Hook and Ladder Company No. 2 (195 S. Jefferson). 
Captain, William C. Van Osdel, 320 W. Harrison ; Lieu- 
tenant, James Pumphrey, 188 Brown ; Truckmen, Jacob 
Klein, 442 S. Clark, James Papineau, 386 Maxwell, James 
McGraw, 320 W. Harrison, John Long, 37 Ruble, Michael 
J. Reiser, 320 W. Harrison, Thomas Hanson, 276 W. Tay- 



184 THE POLITICAL HISTORY OF CHICAGO. 

lor, Timothy Smith, 179 N. Ashland ave., Thomas O'Day, 
494 W. Fourteenth ; Driver, James Drew. 493 S. Morgan. 

Hook and Ladder Company No. 3 (179 E. Erie). 
Captain, Frederick I. Eies, 76 Howe ; Lieutenant, Francis 
Conway ; 318 Webster ave., Truckmen, Thomas L. Conway, 
179 Erie, August Seeger, 179 Erie, Joseph M. Cone, 179 Erie, 
Thomas L. Conway, 77 Cherry, John S. Hanson 124 W. 
Indiana, James Sweeney, 332 N. Franklin, Luke L. 
Agnew, 223 Elm ; Drivers, Helmer Hermanson, 188 Sedg- 
wick, Martin Lacy, 158 LaSalle ave. 

Hook and Ladder Company No. 4 (322 E. Twenty-sec- 
ond). Captain, David W. Evans, 3037 Lyman; Lieutenant, 
Michael McNamara, 98 McGregor ; Truckmen, Patrick 
Carroll, 164 W. Twenty-first, John Cahill, 1241 Wabash 
ave., James Horan, 1916 Butterfield, Walter Stephens, 
3133 Wahl, John L. Haslitt, 3025 Shields ave., William J. 
Burroughs, 322 E. Twenty-second, John Wagner, 2100 S. 
Clark, Thomas Barry, 322 Twenty-fourth; Driver, 
Matthew Hartigan, 2119 Went worth ave. 

Hook and Ladder Company No. 5 (440 W. Twelfth). 
Captain, Paul F. A. Pundt, 826 W. Twelfth ; Truckmen, 
John Sullivan, 482 Center ave., John Schott, 342 Blue 
Island ave., Dennis McSweeney, 243 S. Halsted, John 
Gormly, 858 S. Ashland ave., James J. Masterson, 319 W. 
Twelfth ; C. Truckman, John Harmon, 66 W. Nineteenth; 
Driver, Henry Lincoln, 219 Blue Island ave. 

Hook and Ladder Company No.- 6 (218 S. Franklin). 
Captain, Patrick 0. Malley, 245 Mohawk ; Lieutenant, 
PatricK Doyle, 107 Sholto ; Truckmen, Thomas Hannon, 
71 Sholto, John Cramer, 416 North ave., Thomas Flavin, 
193 Blackhawk, Benjamin 0. Connor, 172 E. Indiana, 
James Redmond, 48 Boston ave., Stephen Gleason, 58 
Finnell, Edward O'Brien, 44 Gurley, Owen White, 3707 
Prairie ave.; Drivers, Michael Ahern, 109 W. Madison, 
John Quinn, 118 Brown. 



THE FIRE DEPARTMENT. 185 

Hook and Ladder Company No. 7 (440 N. Lincoln). 
Captain, John Cook, 654 Carroll ave. ; Lieutenant, Jacob 
Grauer, 432 W . Huron ; Truckmen, Patrick O'Connor, 
573 Carroll ave., James McCabe, 976 W. Lake, William 
Burns, 592 Austin ave., Thomas Bidwell, 478 Austin 
ave., Herman Reich, 23 Bauman, John McCarthy, 375 
W. Polk ; Driver, Thomas Haley, 520 W. Indiana. 

Hook and Ladder Company No. 8 (102 Deering). 
Captain, Isadore P. Smith, 2854 Archer ave.; Lieutenant, 
John W. Powers, 2952 Main ; Truckmen, Anthony Lagger, 
3233 Wallace, August W. Wachholz, 2827 Bonfield, Tim- 
othy Murphy, 2811 Hickory, James Burke, 2102 Fifth 
ave., George T. Marks, 2859 Deering, George W. Tebbins, 
2621 Mary ; Driver, Elmer E . Hartranft, 2913 Lyman . 

Hook and Ladder Company No. 9 (Michigan ave. and 
Monroe, north end Exposition Building). Captain, John 
Nichol, 1323 Michigan ave . ; Lieutenant, Charles Seyfer- 
lich, 489 Fifth ave. ; Truckmen, William Bomhake, 288 
Rush, Peter Curres, 241 Chestnut, Michael Moran, 1938 
Archer ave., Thomas Gallagher, 182 Sherman, Joseph J. 
Feely, 1621 Wabash ave., Jeremiah J. Lorden, 468 W. 
Twelfth, Thomas O'Malley, 151 W. Jackson ; Drivers, 
Thomas Findley, 13 Newberry ave., Stephen Keegan, 351 
Twenty-sixth. 

Hook and Ladder Company No. 10 (524 N. Halsted). 
Captain, David O'Connell, 127 Larrabee ; Lieutenant, 
Thomas J . Carney, 248 E . Chicago ave. ; Truckmen, John 
Tangney, 237 Mohawk, Robert G. Linberg, 524 N. Hal- 
sted, Nicholas Powers, 24 Grace, John Riley, 26 Grace, 
Henry Becker, 29 Eugenie, George Woelfing, 580 N . Mar- 
ket ; Driver, John F. Kelley, 23 Judson ; Driver, John 
Trent, 742 N. Halsted. 

Chemical Engine Company No. 1 (49 W. Washing- 
ton). Lieutenant, William D. Quirk, 18 Belknap; Pipe- 
men, Charles Foreman, 144 N. Morgan, John Carmody, 



186 THE POLITICAL HISTORY OF CHICAGO. 

468 W. Twelfth; Driver, John Kelly, Ashland and 
Archer avs. 

Chemical Engine Company No. 2 (86 W. Erie). 
Lieutenant, William T. M. Figg, 260 "W. Chicago ave.; 
Pipemen, John V. Shay, 126 S. Desplaines, John C. 
Thome, 2109 S . Clark ; Driver, Thomas Fitzgerald, 106 
Marble pi . 

THE POMPIER CORPS. 

This service is an invaluable adjunct of the fire depart- 
ment. Originating in St. Louis, it has gradually found its 
way into the majority of metropolitan places, and has 
proven of incalculable good in the saving of lives at fires. 
The apparatus which is attached to the several Hook and 
Ladder companies of Chicago is a scaling ladder about six- 
teen feet long. At its upper end is a wrought iron hook 
with a serated inner edge, reaching about three feet, and 
clutching securely any window sill. The rungs or foot 
places for the man or men who use the ladder protrude 
about six inches on either side of the pole. The pompier 
men wear a broad belt around the waist. It is of canvas 
and leather about six inches wide and can sustain several 
persons. To this belt a strong strap attaches a wrought 
iron snap hook, whereby the man can preserve his balance 
by using both hands. By taking a few turns of a rope 
around the hcok the men can not only lower themselves 
by means of the rope, but even take a couple with them. 
The rope is 100 feet long, half an inch thick, of the best 
quality of hemp, and weighs only four pounds. There are 
a ground ladder and time drill, evolutions on ladders, des- 
cent, straddling sills, ascending in oblique directions, and 
rope exercises. Placing the ladder on the ground the men 
raise the ladder to the breast, and then place the ladder 
horizontal above the head : 

At a fire Xo. 1 places his ladder against the building 



THE FIKE DEPARTMENT. 187 

and raises it so that the neck of the ladder touches the 
building : 

, Then the hook is turned into the building over the 
sill. Then No. 1 starts up to the second story on the lad- 
der. Reaching the hook, and with both feet close to the 
pole, he fastens his snap hook to the neck of the ladder, 
and by leaning back so steadies himself as to raise the next 
ladder. No. 2 hands him this which he raises to the third 
story. No. 2 climbs to the second story, and then raises 
the ladder of No. 3, and thus the chain is made. 

Four men on Hook and Ladder Company No. 1, have 
frequently scaled a ninety-five foot tower in less than two 
minutes. When rooms have high ceilings by the aid of the 
pompier ladder a man can reach' six feet higher, standing 
on the sill, than by working from an ordinary ladder. 
Eight men at the same time can cover four different 
parts of the buildings or front of a row of buildings. 

One man with the apparatus can mount to the top of a 
building. Reaching the top of the ladder the man straddles 
the window sill and lifts the ladder to the window of the 
next story. 

When two men operate the ladder, No. 1 enters the 
window by straddling the sill, No. 2 follows and is held in 
position by No. 1, who catches No. 2 by his snap hook. 
The rope is the most arduous part of the drill. The 
life line is used only in case there is one person to be saved 
or the pompier is cut off. The upper end of the rope is 
fastened to the neck of the highest ladder, then the pompier 
stands on the sill and the person to be saved or the other 
pompier thrusts his head through the out-stretched limbs 
of the first, holding the handles of the latter's belt. The 
turns around the snap-hook act as a block and the descent 
can be made slowly or rapidly by one or both hands of the 
first. 



188 THE POLITICAL HISTORY OF CHICAGO. 

While many lives have been saved by this service, the 
life of the pompier corps is yet a very perilous one. 

THE FIKE ALARM SERVICE. 

Up to the introduction of the electrical fire alarm sys- 
tem, in case of fire the signal from the alarm bell was, in 
every instance preceding the district number, eight strokes 
of the bell, and then as follows : First district, 1 stroke ; 
second, 2 strokes ; third, 3 strokes ; fourth, 4 strokes ; 
fifth, 5 strokes ; sixth, 6 strokes. For a general alarm the 
signal was the continual ringing of the bell. 

On June 2, 1865, the system was inaugurated with 120 
miles of wire ; 106 signal boxes ; fourteen engine house 
gongs ; six bell strikers ; six dial instruments for police 
purposes and central office apparatus, costing $70,000. 
The first engine responding to a call the "Economy" 
half a mile distant made it in thirteen minutes ; the 
"Northern Star Hose," two and a half miles in nineteen 
minutes. E. B. Chandler was the first Superintendent and 
his assistant was John P. Barrett, the present Superinten- 
dent. The service has advanced beyond this: 3,478 tele- 
graph poles, 565 miles wire in air, 28 miles wire in cables, 
511 fire-alarm boxes, 174 keyless doors, 40 jokers and at- 
tachments, 13 bells and strikers, 52 engine-house gongs, 
332 telephones, 3,100 battery jars, 1 four-dial repeater. 

VOLUNTEER SERVICE. 

The following were the chiefs of the volunteer fire de- 
partment: Hiram Hugunin, 1835, six months; George W. 
Snow, 1836, one year; John M. Turner, 1837, one year; 
Luther Nichols, 1840, one year; A. S. Sherman, 1841-2, 
two years; Stephen F. Gale, 1843-6, three years; C. E. 
Peck, 1847-8, two years; Ashley Gilbert, 1849, one year; 
C. P. Bradley, 1850-1, two years; U. P. Harris, 1852-3, 
two years; James M. Donnelly, 1854, one year; Silas; 



THE FIEE DEPARTMENT. 



189 



McBride, 1855-6, two years; Denis J. Swenie, 1858-9, 
two years. 

The first volunteer engine company was organized 
Dec. 12, 1835, and was called the Fire King. Its offi- 
cers were S. G-. Trowbridge, Foreman; Alvin Calhoun, 
Assistant-Foreman ; A. D. Hamilton, Secretary ; H. 
Gr. Loomis, Treasurer; and Ira Kimberly, Steward. On 
Dec. 11, 1837, the second engine was organized. It was 
called the Tradesman's, afterward the Metamora. Follow- 
ing is a list of the companies with their foreman and date 
of organization up to the birth of the paid fire depart- 
ment: 

Name. Organized. Foreman. 

Niagara Nov. , 1844. George F. Foster. 

Red Jacket Nov., 1846. F. T. Sherman. 

Excelsior Nov., 1846. A. S Sherman. 

Garden City Aug., 1849. Charles Morton. 

Lawrence Sept., 1850. Mathew Conley. 

Waubansia Dec., 1851. Frank Hathaway. 

New England Feb. , 1854. W. B. Bateham. 

Washington Jan., 1855. John Schanks. 

Wideawake Jan., 1856. George Ross. 

Neptune Feb., 1856. H. Beebe. 

Red Rover Jan. , 1857. T. E. Courtney. 

Torrent March, 1857. John M. Lambin. 

Northern Liberty Dec., 1858. Conrad Foltz. 

HOSE COMPANIES. 

Philadelphia Jan., 1845. J. B. Johnson. 

Hope Oct., 1850. S. O. Eames. 

Lone Star Dec., 1851. L. Meyer. 

Lafayette Sept., 1855. M. W. Powell. 

Liberty Dec., 1856. John B. Dickey. 

Lady Washington Jan., 1857. John R. Clark. 

HOOK AND LADDER COMPANIES. 

Pioneer Oct., 1835. 

Rescue Nov. , 1855. L. Warwick. 

Empire March, 1857. A. Reary. 



190 THE POLITICAL HISTORY OF CHICAGO. 

THE PAID FIRE DEPARTMENT. 

Under the paid system in 1860 the first roster was as 
follows: Chief of the Department, IT. P. Harris; First 
Assistant, Darius Knight; Second Assistant, J. J. Lang- 
don; Fire Commissioners, South Division, Ira Coleman; 
North Division, D. H. Howard; West Division, C. A. 
Warner. Volunteer Companies: Niagara Engine Com- 
pany, No. 3; America, No. 9; Neptune, No. 11; Torrent, 
No. 13; Northern Liberty, No. 15; Union, No. 8. Paid 




Department: Steam Engine "Long John/' No. 1; "En- 
terprise," No. 2; "Atlantic," No. 3; "Island Queen," 
No. 4; U. P. Harris, No. 5; Little Giant, No. 6. Fire 
districts same as in 1858. 

The following have been the chiefs of the paid depart- 
ment: D. J. Swenie, 1859; U. P. Harris, 1859-68; R. A. 
Williams, 1868-73; succeeded by Mr. Benner and the pres- 
ent incumbent, D. J. Swenie. 

The alarm for the great fire was sounded from box 342, 



THE FIRE DEPARTMENT. 191 

at 9:20 P.M., October 8, 1871. The "Little Giant" No. 
6, was the first arrival. The fire started in a cow stable 
owned by Mr. Thomas O'Leary, in the rear of 137 
DeKoven street. A fierce southwest wind prevailed, and 
all combustible matter was very dry. The firemen were 
very much fatigued by their labors at a very large fire the 
night preceding. They worked with a will, but unavail- 
ingly. In one hour and fifteen minutes the flames had 
swept away thirty-two blocks of buildings, covering eighty 
acres, and involving a loss of about $1,475,000. The con- 
flagration having spread to the south division the depart- 
ment hurried thither. No earthly power, however, could 
stay the flames. Within the space of twenty-eight hours 
25,000 buildings, covering 2,000 acres, had been destroyed. 

R. A. Williams was fire marshal at the time ; John 
Schanck, First Assistant; Lorenz Walters, Second Assistant; 
Matthias Benner, Third Assistant. 

The following companies were engaged in the uneven 
contest with the flames. They had nine members each, 
commanded by the men named : 

Long John, A. McMonagle ; Waubansia, M. Sullivan ; 
Wm. James, J. McLean ; Jacob Rehm, G. Charlson ; Chi- 
cago, C. Schimmels ; Little Giant; James Enright ; Econ- 
omy, N. Dubach ; Frank Sherman, J. A. Kinney ; J. B. 
Rice, J. J. Walsh; A. 0. Coventry, L. J. Walsh; T. B. 
Brown, F. W. Tapling ; A. D. Titsworth, M. W. Shay ; 
Frederick Gund, D . J . Swenie ; Illinois, William Mullin ; 
Winnebago, John Dreher ; R. A. Williams, C. T. Brown. 

The following were the Hook and Ladder Companies : 

No. 2, M. Schull; 3, J. H. Green: 4, George Ernst. 

No. 7 Engine Company was a relief engine, and was 
located at 80 West Lake street, and Benjamin Rice was 
engineer. 

Two hose elevators and the following supply hose carts 
were in service : 



192 THE POLITICAL HISTORY OF CHICAGO. 

No. 1, Leo Meyers; 2, John Dorsey ; 3, Matthew 
Schuh ; 4, J. C. Schmidt ; 5, J. J. Grant ; 6, Thomas 
Barry . 

Three fire engines were destroyed, the " William 
James/' the " Liberty " which were in the repair shop, 
and the "Fred Gund," which was lost at the corner of 
Canal and VanBuren streets . Fire Marshal Swenie was 
foreman of the company at the time. 

The following firemen have lost their lives in the service: 

Charles Albert, August 31, 1883; Nicholas Barth, 
May 3, 1867 ; George Berg, March 5, 1869 ; Erastus S. 
Bowen, October 19, 1883 ; Charles Bird, May 3, 1885 ; 
John Culling, January 10, 1870 ; John Carroll, January 
1, 1876 ; James F. Conway, January 22, 1881 ; Henry 
T. Coyle, July 14, 1879 ; Edward Cudmore, December 9, 
1885 ; John Farrell, March 12, 1874 ; George E. Fuller, 
January 7, 1875 ; Ignatuis Geis, June 7, 1865 ; John Geis, 
May 3, 1867 ; Daniel Heartt, January 7, 1866 ; Jacob 
Heldt, May 3, 1867 ; Daniel Hartnett, July 12, 1877 ; 
John Hanlon, January 5, 1881 ; George A. Kelly, Novem- 
ber 7, 1882 ; David B. Kenyon, October 25, 1884 ; Peter 
Marayette, March 5, 1869 ; Martin Mulvey, May 3, 1885 ; 
Andrew J. McEvoy, May 22, 1883 ; Patrick Murphy, 
October 19, 1883 ; Charles Noble, September 23, 1866 ; 
Thomas O'Brien, March 5, 1869 ; John O'Eourke, Novem- 
ber 14, 1877 ; Thomas O'Shaughnessey, October 14, 1880 ; 
William H. Perry, June 4, 1881 ; George H. Rau, August 
8, 1879 ; John H. Straining, November 14, 1877 ; Richard 
J. Sweeney/ January 10, 1877 ; Edward Smith, June 20, 
1880 ; Michael Sullivan, June 23, 1883 ; William Toner, 
May 9, 1863 ; Charles Wiltz, March 5. 1869. 




18 



BENNER S FIKE ESCAPE. 
193 



THE POLICE DEPARTMENT. 



FREDERICK EBERSOLD. 

The Chief of Police was born March 30, 1841, in the 
town of Ixheim, county of Zweibrucken, Ehine province of 
Bavaria. His father and mother dying in one night on 
February 6, 1856, he left home and came to America, find- 
ing friends in New York. In February, 1857, he came to 
Chicago and apprenticed himself with J. J. West, 197 Lake 
street, to the varnishing trade. In 1859 he bought grain, 
etc., in Mendota, 111., and was so engaged when the war 
broke out. He enlisted April 19, 1861, in Company B, 
Twelfth Illinois Infantry, and was shortly made a corporal 
in the three months service. Mustered out at Cairo, 111., 
in August, 1861, he came home sick, but again enlisted 
September 15 or thereabouts in Company I, of the 58th 
Illinois Infanty formed at Camp Douglas, as a sergeant, 
and served until August 25, 1865. The regiment was 
attached to the First Brigade, Second Division, Fifteenth 
Army corps (Sherman's old corps), and fought at Shiloh, 
Russell House, Corinth, Arkansas Post, Vicksburg, Jack- 
son, Mission Ridge, Atlanta, and was present at the final sur- 
render of General Johnson at Raleigh, N. C. He retired 
with the rank of captain. He lost all he saved in the army 
in the commission business. On July, 9, 1867, he \vas 
appointed patrolman on the Chicago police force. He was 
made a sergeant in the Twenty-second street district and a 
lieutenant in 1875. He was promoted to a captaincy by 
Carter Harrison, of the first precinct, was transferred to 
the second precinct, thence to the third, to the Central 

194 



THE POLICE DEPARTMENT. 195 

station in command of the central detail, and on April 22, 
1884, back again in command of the first precinct. On 
August 15, 1885, he was promoted to the inspectorship to 
fill the vacancy caused by the death of the lamented 
Colonel Welter, and on October 15 he was made general 
superintendent of police. 

JOHN BONFIELD. 

Police Inspector Bonfield was born in the city of Bath- 
urst, New Brunswick, in April, 1836. From 1858 to 1868 
he was a locomotive engineer on the Chicago & Alton road. 
Positions in Hoff's packing house, in Wahl's glue factory, 
experience in the grocery business, and a term in the 
Custom House followed. He and his brother purchased a 
fertilizing establishment, but it proved a failure. January 
1878 he joined the police force and he was detailed as a 
detective at Twenty-second street station. Chief Mc- 
Garigle subsequently put him on the detective force at the 
central. He afterward served successively as Lieutenant 
of the Twenty-second street station, Lieutenant of the 
West Twelfth street station, Lieutenant of the Madison 
street station, and chief of detectives at the Central. Cap- 
tain Bonfield did much to advance the police patrol service, 
working out the details of the system that have made it so 
thoroughly effective. 

WILLIAM BUCKLEY. 

Capt. William Buckley, the Commander of the First 
Precinct, has been on the Chicago Police Department over 
twenty years. The active part he had taken in running 
down criminals and preserving the peace during his entire 
career on the force aroused the enmity of several criminals; 
and he narrowly escaped assassination at the hands of 
the supposed murderers of McKeever, who was killed in 
the race between "Butler" and "Cooley" on the turf. 
Among other experiences the Captain received a severe beat- 



196 THE POLITICAL HISTORY OF CHICAGO. 

ing by a gang of roughs while returning from St. John's 
church with his wife, March 10, 1871, and was dragged 
under a private carriage by a contumacious driver, barely 
escaping from being trampled to death under the horses' 
feet. 

The Captain was born in Ballyhone, parish of Afhane, 
county of Waterford, Ireland, June 9, 1832. At the age 
of sixteen he came to America and located in New York. 
His first employment was on the farm of Col. George D. 
Coles, at Glencoe, Queens county. In 1856 he came to 
Chicago, after having worked on a farm in Warren county, 
Ohio. Col. E. J. Hamilton placed him in charge of his 
coal business here, and he subsequently entered the em- 
ploy of Law & Strother, coal dealers. He joined the 
police force in 1865, and after eight years active duty had 
climbed the steps from patrolman to captain. He received 
his commission as captain July 14, 1873, when Capt. 
Hickey resigned. Mr. Buckley is thoroughly acquainted 
with his district, and has taken a great interest in the wel- 
fare of the south side . 

SIMOX O'DONNELL. 

The bluff and tireless Commander of the West Twelfth 
street district was born in 1834 in Clare County, Ireland, 
and came to America in 1853. He at once located in 
Chicago and went farming; he steamboated subsequently. 
On April 7, 1862, he was appointed on the police force by 
Chief Bradley, and did duty from the old Armory, corner 
of Franklin and Adams streeet. For six years he did duty 
on the crossing at Lake and Clark streets. His popularity 
in this section led, in a great measure, to his promotion. 
Created a sergeant, he was detailed to TAvelfth street, and 
soon rose to the rank of captain. He spent four years at 
Harrison street station. The deputy superintendency of 
police and then the general superintendency followed under 



THE POLICE DEPARTMENT. 197 

Carter Harrison. In December, 1881, he resigned and 
came back to his present position as Captain at West 
Twelfth street. The first patrol wagon left his station, 
and he has done much in the development of the patrol 
service. 

WILLIAM WARD. 

Captain William Ward of the Third precinct succeeds 
Captain Bonfield, is about thirty-five years old, has lived 
in Chicago all his life, and has been a policeman for over 
ten years, during which time he has served almost con- 
tinuously in the district of which he is now in control. He 
is energetic and is well able to fill the position to which he 
is assigned. He ordered the crowd to disperse at the 
Haymarket . 

AMOS W. HATHAWAY. 

The Captain of the Fourth precinct has been connected 
with the Chicago police force for over twenty years, becom- 
ing a patrolman at old North Market Hall, associations of 
which, in the memory of old-time Northsiders, are spoken 
of in the same breath with his name today. He was 
stationed here for three years. In 1868 he was sergeant of 
the Huron street station, and under Washburn he was 
made a lieutenant. On August 1, 1879, he was made a 
captain at East Chicago avenue. On April 22, 1884, he 
was transferred to West Chicago avenue station. The 
Captain was married in 1862 to Miss Rosalia Russell, and 
is the father of nine children. 

Captain Hathaway is a son of Providence (R. I.), and 
was born in that city May 29, 1839. His mother dying 
when he was only five months old, his grandmother took 
him to a farm near Oswego, New York . She subsequently 
removed to Jefferson County, where Hathaway worked 
until he was eleven years of age. He now went to Oswego 
on what he had saved working in a huckle-berry swamp. 



198 THE POLITICAL HISTORY OF CHICAGO. 

He at once was employed by Smith & Kind, machinists, 
where he worked for three years. He subsequently ran a 
stationary for W. H. Whalen. He then boarded the E. 
W. Cross, plying between Oswego and Chicago, and fol- 
lowed the lakes up to 1855. In 1857 and 1858, impelled 
by the western fever, he visited Lawrence, Kansas, and in 
the company of such men as Col. James Lane, was a wit- 
ness to the exciting episodes in that day and place. In 
1860, after some service on a farm in Palatine, he located 
permanently in Chicago. He first obtained a position as 
foreman in the Mechanical Bakery, corner of Clinton and 
Lake streets, which, under the proprietorship of Henry C. 
Childs, supplied the Union army with so much hard tack. 
At one time the institution used as many as 100 barrels of 
flour every twenty-four hours. He took to sailing once 
again for a short time and then joined the police force. 

MICHAEL SCHAACK. 

The Captain of the Fifth precinct is one of the ablest and 
most modest men on the Chicago police force. For a long 
time "his light was hid under a bushel," through the force 
of circumstances; but the monstrous crime of Mulkowski, 
sentenced to death for the killing of Mrs. Alice Kledzick, 
revealed a detective skill in Captain Schaack, which, in 
that particular line of service, challenges comparison any- 
where. The evidence submitted to the Criminal Court, 
than which no circumstantial testimony was more conclus- 
ive, was introduced by Captain Schaack. The proceedings 
disclosed that the Captain was a magnificent reader of 
human nature, and the press and the public were not slow 
in recognizing the fact. 

Captain Schaack was born in Luxembourg, Belgium, in 
April, 1844. He was very young when he came to America. 
In 1866 he was employed by a detective agency. In 1869 
he went on the Chicago police force and traveled beat for 



THE POLICE DEPARTMENT. 199 

one year. An. experience for six years as a detective led to 
his promotion as a police sergeant. In 1879 he was ap- 
pointed lieutenant, and on August 17, 1885, he was created 
a captain. He made many arrests in connection with the 
Haymarket affair. 

JOHN D. SHEA. 

Lieutenant John D. Shea, Chief of Detectives in con- 
junction with Lieutenant Kipley, was born in Willow 
Springs, town of Palos, Cook county, 111., February 7, 
1848. He attended the district school, and up to the age 
of twenty-five spent his life on a farm. On August 1, 1873, 
he came to Chicago, and joined the police force as a patrol- 
man, first doing duty in the Twelfth street district, under 
Simon O'Donnell, who was then a sergeant. When O'Don- 
nell was transferred to the Armory to succeed Captain 
Hickey, Shea accompanied him. He first saw detective 
duty under Captain Seavey, now dead; and first traveled 
with Ike Lansing, now a flourishing liquor merchant. He 
traveled next with Ed. Keating, now dead, whom Shea 
characterizes as the best police officer he ever traveled with. 
When Captain O'Donnell was created Superintendent of 
Police, Shea was transferred to the Central Station. While 
here he was promoted to a lieutenancy and placed in charge 
of the Twenty-second street station. After a very success- 
ful experience in this region he was appointed Chief of 
Detectives. Among the many exploits of the Chief it is 
asserted that he, with Keating, sent men to the peniten- 
tiary for terms aggregating 108 years. 

JOSEPH KIPLEY. 

Lieutenant Joseph Kipley, who with John D. Shea has 
command of the Chicago detective force, has been con- 
nected with the Police Department about fifteen years, and 
during that time has served nearly ten years at detective 
work. The Lieutenant "has been engaged in every import- 



200 THE POLITICAL HISTORY OF CHICAGO. 

ant case during the last ten years, and some of them are 
worthy of praise. The arrest and conviction of the trio of 
Italian murderers Avas a perfect piece of detective skill, and 
to Mr. Kipley is due a great deal of credit for the active 
part he took in the affair. 

Desperate criminals have attempted to kill the Lieuten- 
ant on numerous occasions. He has exchanged shots 
numerous times with law-breakers, but has never received 
a scratch. 

Mr. Kipley was born in Patterson, N. J. , November 24, 
1848. After attending school and working in the cotton 
mills at his native place, he came to Chicago, in 1865. He 
followed the carpentering trade for awhile, and on January 
24, 1871, joined the police force, He first did service at 
the old West Madison street station, and after doing duty 
at Harrison street and Twelfth street, was placed in charge 
of the Central station. 

In 1872 the Lieutenant married Miss Helen Wheeler, a 
St. Paul girl, and at present is the father of two children. 

GEORGE W. HUBBARD. 

The extremely popular and handsome Commander of 
the central detail, George W. Hubbard, was born at Cam- 
bridge, Md., February 22, 1850, and is regarded by every- 
body as just the man, of all men, peculiarly adapted to 
the position he holds. He was appropriately named Wash- 
ington, being born on the anniversary of the Father of his 
Country. In 1870 he came to Chicago and entered the 
employ of Dawson & Shields, confectioners, at 17 South 
Water street. In July, 1873, he went upon the Police 
Department. He was first stationed at the Armory; was 
made a station-keeper at Deering street; then at Madison 
and Union streets; had command of the first patrol in the 
service; was transferred to the Central, Xovember, 1882, 
and was promoted to his present position April 21, 1884. 



THE POLICE DEPARTMENT. 201 

He received a thorough business education at Bryant & 
Stratton's Commercial College, and had it not been for the 
great fire of 1871, he would most likely have improved it. 
At all events, Mr. Hubbard was placed in a position where 
the business interests of Chicago certainly are in no danger 
of suffering. 

EDWARD LAUGHLIN. 

This fearless and popular officer was born in Castle 
Island, County Kerry, Ireland, September 8, 1843. His 
early days were spent upon his father's farm, and he went 
to school in his native place. In 1862 became to America 
and located in Indiana, where he engaged in the employ 
of the Pittsburgh, Fort Wayne & Chicago railway company. 
He came to Chicago July 4, 1863, and at once went to work 
in the freight department of the Chicago, Milwaukee & St. 
Paul railroad. He went south for awhile and steamboated 
on the Mississippi. Returning, he was employed by Mer- 
ritt & Bacron, 86 and 88 South Water street, as a shipping 
and receiving clerk. Like others, he was seized with the 
gold fever and Avent to California, but came back as poor 
as he went, after having traveled considerably. He settled 
down at once and entered the employ of Ingraham, Cor- 
bin & May, wholesale merchants. On March 1, 1872, he 
joined the police force, and has since established a record 
he may well feel proud of. He is now Lieutenant at the 
Armory. 

MADISON BEADELL. 

The courteous gentleman Avho presides over the aristo- 
cratic Cottage Grove avenue district, was born September 
19, 1844, in Ceouga county, New York. Receiving his 
early education in Utica, New York, he was bright enough 
at the age of twelve years to board the sloop-of-war Vin- 
cennes, and at the age of fifteen to accompany his brother 
Charles, who was a captain on the lake. The paternal home 



202 THE POLITICAL HISTORY OF CHICAGO. 

was on the Thousand Islands. When the war broke out his 
passion for military life induced him to leave his brother 
in the Welland canal, and enlist in Company D, of the 
Tenth Illinois Cavalry, at the age of seventeen. For four 
years and nine months he participated in the engagements 
fought by his regiment, including the battles of Pea Ridge, 
Little Rock, Marshfield, Benton and Prairie Grove, where 
he was severely wounded. During a skirmish near Rich- 
mond, La., he was taken prisoner, and suffered many se- 
vere hardships in the prison at Tyler, Texas. 

In 1865 the Lieutenant, having served all through the 
war, was placed upon the Chicago police force; and was the 
first man to travel a beat in the Bridgeport district at the 
old Archer avenue station. Promotion rapidly followed. 

JOHN REHM. 

Lieutenant Rehm, of the Thirty-fifth station, was born 
in Baltimore, Md., October 13, 1848, and went to school 
there. In 1868 he entered the employ of the United States 
Government as a teamster, and served throughout the 
war. He then learned tha trade of box-making in Chi- 
cago. In 1873 he joined the police force. He was sta- 
tioned at Hinman street, was made station-keeper in 1874, 
transferred to "West Madison, and served up to 1878, 
when he was made a patrol sergeant. In this capacity he 
acted at Twelfth, West Lake and Twenty-second streets. 
We was appointed Lieutenant of Police, April 24, 1884, 
and assigned to duty at Thirty-fifth street station. Of 
German descent Lieutenant Rhern is a thorough American, 
very sensibly selecting for his bride Miss Louisa Barth, who 
is a native of Illinois. 

EDWARD J. STEELE. 

Edward J. Steele, the military-appearing Lieutenant at 
West Chicago avenue station, has served nearly fourteen 
years on the Chicago police force. During that time he 



THE POLICE DEPARTMENT. 

has had many hair-breadth escapes; his finely proportioned 
physique having on numerous occasions been the target for 
desperate burglars and other criminals. 

The Lieutenant was born in Lewis County, New York, 
August 14, 1839. When four years old his parents moved 
to Canda and then to Ontario. While there our subject 
was engaged in farming. In 1863 he came west and loca- 
ted in Minnesota. In the fall of the same year he came to 
Chicago and followed the carpentering trade. Subse- 
quently he joined Hamlin's merchant police, and after do- 
ing night duty for one year and a half he went on the Chi- 
cago Police Department, March 14, 1872. He first did duty 
at the old West Madison street station. Transferred to 
the squad he did service for one year, and then traveled as 
a detective at the Central for four or five years. Under 
the first part of Harrison's administration he was ap- 
pointed Lieutenant and placed in command of the de- 
tectives. From Chief of the Detectives he was transfer- 
red to West Lake street, and subsequently to West Chi- 
cago avenue. 

JAMES P. STANTON. 

The Lieutenant at the Lake street station, was born 
1844, at Birmingham, England, and is of Irish descent. 
The family came to America in 1854, and young Stan- 
ton was here raised. Entering the navy he served with 
honor in many engagements, among which may be men- 
tioned the attack on Fort Fisher. In 1869 he went upon 
the police force. In 1881 he was created Lieutenant, 
and is a man respected highly. He was severely wounded 
at the Haymarket . 

JOHN BYENE. 

Lieutenant John Byrne, the Commander of the Deer- 
ing street district, was born in Ireland, May 22, 1849. 
When fourteen years of age he came to America and loca- 



204 THE POLITICAL HISTORY OF CHICAGO. 

ted in New York . He stayed in the latter city for two 
years, when he came west as far as Ottawa, Illinois, where 
he was engaged in contracting and building for two years . 
In 1868 he came to Chicago. January 16, 1870, the Lieu- 
tenant joined the police force and was first assigned to 
duty at the old Armory. In October, 1874, he was 
promoted to Sergeant and transferred to the Madison 
street station . When Captain Buckley, Sam Ellis, Fitz- 
patrick and others were removed from the force, during 
Heath's administration, the Lieutenant was among the 
number. He only remained off the force two years, 
however; and in 1869 was appointed Lieutenant and 
stationed at the Armory. Subsequently he was transferred 
to his present district. The Lieutenant has been shot at 
on numerous occasions by criminals, and has had many a 
hard struggle with desperate men . He is very popular in 
his district both as to his subordinates and the residents . 

RICHARD A. SHEPPARD. 

Lieutenant Richard Alexander Sheppard was born in 
Ireland in 1849, and with his mother, two brothers and a 
sister came to America in 1860, settling in Cleveland, 
Oswego county, New York. In 1866 the family came to 
C hicago and Richard obtained employment as a conductor 
and driver of a street car on the North Division Railway. 
After the great fire he and his brother, W . H . Sheppard, 
went into business. On August 25, 1875, he joined the 
police force. In 1876 he married Miss Mary Green, of 
Waukegan. He was created a sergeant August 5, 1878, 
at Hinman street station, was transferred to Deering street 
in 1879, and watched the butcher's strike of that year. 
The Lieutenant has made many important arrests in the 
service, several times at the risk of his life . While making 
an arrest for robbery on February 1, 1880, he was shot 
severely. He belongs to the Policeman's Benevo- 



THE POLICE DEPARTMENT. 205 

lent Association, Police State Association, Kilwinning 
Lodge of Masons, Order of the Red Cross, and the Chicago 
Council No. 4, Corinthian Chapter. He has always 
proved himself a fearless officer in the discharge of his 
duties. He is good-natured, but nevertheless a strict dis- 
ciplinarian, and was always respected by his subordinates . 



CROAK. 

Lieutenant Croak was born in Tipperary, Ireland, and 
came to New York in 1850. A carpenter by trade he was 
engaged for many years in church building in Brooklyn, 
Albany, Providence, and other eastern cities. In 1853 he 
came to Chicago and was employed by the Union Car 
Works until their buildings were burned down. He sub- 
sequently worked for the Terre Haute and Northwestern 
railroads at bridge building. In 1857 he returned to the 
East and married Miss Mary McLaughlin, an Albany girl. 
Shortly after his marriage he returned to Chicago and was 
immediately employed by Hall & French, sash, doors and 
blinds. In 1869 he was appointed on the police force and 
detailed to service at the old Armory. After the fire he 
was stationed at Harrison street, and subsequently trans- 
ferred to the Central on Mayor Heath's staff. Under 
Mayor Harrison he was created a sergeant, and in Novem- 
ber, 1882, was promoted to his present position. The 
Lieutenant has had many hair-breadth escapes; and barely 
escaped with his life when arresting a gang of burglars, 
who were ransacking a store on Clark street, near Jackson. 

VICTOR SCHUMACHER. 

Barring what clothes he had on his person Lieutenant 
Schumacher had but fifteen cents and a parcel of stuff in 
a red handerchief when he left Chicago in 1863 to try his 
luck in the Michigan pineries. The enterprising officer 
was born July 21, 1846 in Auderlach, Prussia, on the 
Rhine. His family located in Chicago in 1857. From 



206 THE POLITICAL HISTORY OF CHICAGO. 

1864 until 1869 he was a merchant policeman and 
traveled beat between Ontario and Chestnut streets. He 
then spent a year in travel, covering seventeen of the United 
States in his trip. Returning to Chicago he joined the 
police force Aug. 21, 1870. He went first to Huron street, 
then to Webster avenue, and in 1874 was transferred to the 
Lake street squad, now known as the Central detail. For 
five years he served at the crossing, corner of Randolph 
and Clark streets, and a little while at State and Madison 
streets. In 1879 he was made a lieutenant and was 
assigned to duty at East Chicago avenue. Mrs. Lieuten- 
ant Schumacher was Angeline Gebel. the daughter of Peter 
Gebel, who located in Chicago in 1833. The old settler is 
still alive. 

WHEELER BARTRAM. 

The Sergeant of the Central detail is Wheeler Bartram. 
He was born April 14, 1843, in Madison, Lake county, 
Ohio. When he was ten years old the family came to New 
York and located on a farm . Here our subject was raised. 
In 1861 he enlisted in the 29th Indiana, and was captured 
May 1, 1862, by Morgan's Guerrillas, but was exchanged 
in 1863. He enlisted at once, rose to the position of 
corporal and first sergeant, fought at Liberty Gap and 
Chickamauga, among other battles, and served to the end 
of the war. He went upon the police force Oct. 13, 1868, 
He traveled first from the old Huron street station and 
afterwards from Larrabee street and Webster avenue. He 
was subsequently roundsman and desk-sergeant. He was 
appointed Sergeant of the Central detail May 20, 1883 . 

JOHN E. FITZPATRICK. 

The genial successor of Col. Welter, deceased, as drill- 
master of the Chicago police force, was born in Johnstown, 
Penn., in 1852. Here he was brought up and was em- 
ployed in the rolling mills. In 1878 he established a 



THE POLICE DEPARTMENT. 207 

rolling mill in Carondelet, South St. Louis. In 1873 he 
was Assistant Superintendent of the new rolling mills at 
Springfield, 111., but in a short time returned to the East 
St. Louis rolling mills, where his large experience secured 
for him the superintendency of the mills. In 1879 he 
came to Chicago and was employed at the Bridgeport wire 
works until they shut down in 1882. On January 13, 
1883, he joined the police force and was assigned to duty 
at Harrison street. Transferred to the Central detail, 
Chief Ebersold appointed him drill-master in November, 
1885. 

Sergeant Fitzpatrick's military experience includes the 
organization of the Johnstown Zouaves, and of the Sher- 
man Guards at Springfield. Other young and active 
spirits cooperated. He is also a member of Battery "D" 
at Springfield . The sergeant was commended to promo- 
tion for bravery at the Haymarket. 

ELISHA E. LLOYD. 

Lieutenant Lloyd, located at the Webster avenue sta- 
tion, is a native American, and is the hero of many thrill- 
ing experiences in the war for the Union . His intense 
sufferings in Andersonville prison qualified him for many a 
hard siege on the police force or anywhere else. He joined 
the department in 1878, and was promoted October 31, 
1882. 

MICHAEL BISCHOFF. 

Lieutenant Bischoff, the Commander of the West North 
avenue station, joined the force in 1868. After traveling 
a little over a year, he was promoted a sergeant and subse- 
quently a lieutenant. 

JOHN BAUS. 

Immensely popular among his compatriots, Lieutenant 
Bans is located at the Larrabee street station. There are 
very few national demonstrations where the Lieutenant is 



208 THE POLITICAL HISTORY OF CHICAGO. 

not easily recognized by his military bearing and his 
superb horsemanship. He joined the force September 20, 
1865, and was promoted January 13, 1868. 

AUGUST BLETTNER. 

Lieutenant Blettner, of the West Twelfth street station, 
is of German birth, and is about forty years of age. He 
joined the police force July 10, 1867. He was promoted 
August 17, 1875. He is generally liked in his district. 

FRANCIS PENZEN. 

Lieutenant Penzen, of the Desplaines street station, i s 
a German by birth, and is about forty years of age. He 
joined the police force August 6, 1869. 

ANSON BACKUS. 

From every indication Lieutenant Backus is a pains- 
taking officer, and would seem to have a bright future 
before him in the department. He was born September 
17, 1855, in Gaines, Orleans County, N. Y. His father 
was a Methodist minister, who gave his son a first-class 
training in one of the best seminaries of that denomina- 
tion. The Lieutenant went on the Chicago police force in 
1881, and was stationed at West Lake street. In 1882 he 
was made a desk-sergeant at the Armory. On October 29, 
1885, he was promoted to patrol sergeant, subsequently to 
the present position 

DANIEL HOGAN. 

This very popular desk sergeant at the Armory station 
was born in Molbay, Ireland, January, 1842. After pursu- 
ing with marked success a liberal course of studies in the 
cities of Dublin and Waterford, our subject grasped the 
birch and wielded it well for years, not only in his native 
country, but in America. The youth of the towns of La- 
ment and Palos, in Illinois, remember school-master Dan 



THE POLICE DEPARTMENT. 209 

when he made them smart and successful in their various 
pursuits, as they are today; and they respect him deeply for 
his ministrations. In 1873 Mr. Hogan joined the police 
force, and soon rose to the position of station-keeper. He 
was assigned to duty at Cottage Grove avenue station, and 
his general excellent conduct while here induced his trans- 
fer to the Armory. 

Dan is in every sense an ideal desk-sergeant. He exer- 
cises the finest discrimination; is sympathetic to a fault, 
but not so susceptible to imposture; generous and cour- 
teous, and is one of the best penmen and writers of reports 
on this or any other police force. 

GEORGE SANFORD. 

Sergeant George E. Sanford was born December 15, 
1845, near Leo, Allen county, Ind., on a farm. In 1846 
he came to Illinois, remaining in Ogle county up to 1849, 
when he returned to Indiana. In 1851 he accompanied his 
father to California in the pursuit of wealth, but was there 
hardly three months when he lost him by death. In 1859 
George came back to Illinois, and worked at his trade as 
harness-maker with varying success. He stuck to the 
bench up to 1872, when he joined the police force, travel- 
ing from Twenty-second street as patrolman. In 1876 he 
resigned. On November 5, 1878, he went back under 
Captain Johnson, of the West Chicago avenue station. 
Thence he went to the Hinman street station, and stayed 
but a short time, when he was transferred to headquarters 
as station-keeper. On February 22d, 1884, he was created 
Patrol Sergeant. 

FRANK G. BEAUBIEN. 

Sergeant Frank G. Beaubien, of the "West Chicago ave- 
nue station, is the son of Mark Beaubein, who settled in 
Chicago in 1826, and a nephew of Jean Le Baptiste Beau- 
bien, who located in Chicago as a representative of the 
14 



210 THE POLITICAL HISTORY OF CHICAGO. 

American Fur Company immediately after the war of 1812. 
Mark Beaubien was one of the earliest white settlers in the 
city of Chicago. 

Our subject was born in Chicago in 1852. He spent 
his early life in Naperville and Kankakee, 111., and at- 
tended St. Vialias College at Borbonies' Grove. On 
leaving school he went into the grocery business with his 
father in Chicago. But the grocery trade had no charms 
for Frank, and after one year and a half with his father 
he joined the Chicago Police Department September 4, 
1873. He was first detailed at the old Madison street 
station under Captain Lull. In the fall of 1878- he was 
transferred to the day squad, and in August, 1883 was de- 
tailed to service on the first patrol wagon that left the Cen- 
tral station. Subsequently he was appointed sergeant, and 
stationed at West Chicago avenue with Captain Hathaway. 

SYLVESTER KENNEDY. 

Sylvester Kennedy, Desk-Sergent at West Twelfth 
street police station, was born in Tipperary County, 
Ireland, January 28, 1844, came to America in 1865, land- 
ing in New York and came to Chicago in the same year. 
His first occupation in this city was as a railroad contractor, 
and he pursued the same with varying success up to 1880 
when he joined the police department. He is a model 
desk-sergeant, his deportment under all circumstances be- 
ing gentlemanly. 

ANTHON ODIN OYEN. 

Sergeant Oyen was born in Throndhjem, Norway, Oc- 
tober 8, 1841. He attended the public school in his native 
place, and when ten years old was sent to a select school 
which he attended up to the age of fourteen. He was now 
appointed clerk in the Recorder's office in the city of his 
birth, and as such was required to attend the city court. 
When about fifteen years old he was apprenticed to the 



THE POLICE DEPARTMENT. 211 

drug business at Bodoe, fifty miles north of the Arctic 
circle, and after a term of five years he graduated in 
pharmacy and chemistry. On August 3, 1861, the family 
came to Chicago, but settled in Shelby County, 111., he 
remaining in Chicago. In October 8, 1861, Anthon enlisted 
in a Norwegian company organized in this city as a part of 
the Fifteenth Regiment, Wisconsin Volunteer Infantry. 
This regiment was composed entirely of Scandinavians. 
He entered as a private but was soon made sergeant, and 
in the spring of 1862, by reason of his pharmaceutical 
experience was appointed hospital steward of the regiment 
in the field. He first smelled powder in the siege of Island 
No. 10, on the Mississippi river, from March 16 to April 
8, 1862, his regiment being first to take possession of that 
stronghold; and in the capture of three generals and about 
7,000 men achieved the first decisive victory for the Federal 
flag. Joining the division under 0. 0. Mitchell at Cor- 
inth, Miss., the regiment entered the Buell and Bragg 
campaign through Tennessee and Kentucky and reached 
Louisville, September 26, 1862. The battle of Perryville, 
Ky., soon followed, when the regiment captured a whole 
train of rebel supplies. At the battle of Stone River our sub- 
ject was wounded by a piece of shell and was captured, but 
was recaptured soon after by a squadron of the Fourth 
United States Cavalry and one of the Fourth Ohio 
Cavalry, in which Dominick Welter, past Secretary 
of Police, was a captain. In the battle of Chick-- 
amauga, where the regiment was almost annihilated, our 
subject was taken prisoner. He was confined in Libby 
prison, in Pemberton, and afterward in Crew prison. 
Transported from Richmond to Danville, he was placed in 
prison No. 6, but was soon placed in charge of the small- 
pox hospital where he escaped with three others February 
22, 1864. He was however, recaptured by the rebels near 
the Tennessee river in North Carolina, and sent to prison 



212 THE POLITICAL HISTORY OF CHICAGO. 

No. 5. Shortly after he was transferred to Andersonville 
prison. From April 19 to May 26, he was in the stockade, 
where he was placed in charge of the dispensary of the 
hospital. On March 18, 1865, he was sent homeward, 
arriving in Vicksburg, after walking barefooted from Jack- 
son to Big Black river, distance thirty-six miles. He was 
now paroled and sent to Camp Benton barracks, St. Louis, 
after eighteen months imprisonment. During his service 
he acted as Assistant Surgeon of the regiment for a time, 
and was afterward offered the position permanently but 
declined. He joined the police force of Chicago, January 
20, 1868, and after two years service was promoted to the 
position of Desk-Sergeant. He was for two years Bailiff 
of the North Division Police Court, and again a Desk- 
Sergeant, and since February 25, 1883, occupies his present 
position. 

CHARLES M. DAY. 

The Desk-Sergeant at the Central station was born in 
Clinton, Lena wee County, Michigan, February 4, 1845. 
In 1855 he came to Chicago, and after leaving school en- 
gaged in a variety of pursuits up to the time of the war. 
He then enlisted in the Seventy-second Illinois, and fought 
at Vicksburg and Champion Hills, among other battles. 
On January 9, 1867, he joined the police force, doing duty 
first at Twenty-second street. He served as a station- 
keeper for eight years. He went to the Armory in 1877, 
and was subsequently transferred to the Central. Several 
years ago he was shot in the arm while making an arrest. 

ALEXIS C. BURDICK. 

Sergeant Alexis C. Burdick was born August 21, 1846, 
in LaPorte County, Indiana. The family moved to White- 
side County, Illinois, when the boy was but three years of 
age. He was raised on a farm near Sterling. At the age 
of fifteen he entered the army, enlisting in McClellan's 



THE POLICE DEPARTMENT. 213 

Dragoons. He served throughout the war, and while act- 
ing as a scout for the Union army he was wounded near 
Liberty, Miss. Two weeks after, when he was reported 
dead, he made his way into the Union lines. After the 
war he settled in Chicago, and was at once appointed spe- 
cial detective for the Chicago & Grand Trunk Railway. 
In 1882 he resigned to accept the position as a detective at 
the Central station. Subsequently he was promoted a 
Sergeant, and transferred to Cottage Grove avenue. 

JOHN E. MAHONEY. 

Desk-Sergeant John Eugene Mahoney, connected with 
the Central, was born in Toronto, Canada, in 1845. From 
the time he left home up to 1870 he followed the drug and 
other occupations in New Brunswick, Portland, Me., and 
Chicago, where he came in 1865. He was stationed in the 
old Armory first. In 1873 he was made Station-Keeper at 
Harrison street, and then became Station-Keeper at Cottage 
Grove avenue. He was then made Desk-Sergeant at 
Twenty - second street station, again at Cottage Grove, 
and in February, 1884 he assumed his present position. 

DEXTER CODMAN. 

The good-natured Desk-Sergeant at the headquarters of 
the Central detail was born January 16, 1824, in Ontario, 
N. Y., and farmed until 1849. Prior to his arrival in 
Chicago, in 1852, Mr. Codman pursued various occupa- 
tions in the Central and Western States. He will be re- 
membered by old residents in Chicago as the agent for a 
line of boats plying between Chicago and St. Louis. In 
1866 he joined the police force, and traveled first from the 
old Market street station, where he soon rose to the posi- 
tion of Station-Keeper. Ho was Bailiff at the County 
jail for a time, but was shortly assigned to the Armory. 
When Mayor Harrison was elected he assumed his present 
position. 



214 THE POLITICAL HISTORY OF CHICAGO. 

MICHAEL BRENNAN. 

The indefatigable clerk in the office of the Chief of Police 
was born Aug. 18, 1842, in Mayo, Ireland, and came to 
this country about eighteen years later. He went upon 
the force Dec. 15, 1870, as patrolman. He soon rose to 
the position of Desk- Sergeant at the old Dearborn street 
station, and served but a short time when he was appointed 
to his present position by Elmer Washburne in 1873. His 
onerous duties have always been performed with religious 
precision and uncomplainingly. 

JOSEPH B. SHEPARD. 

Joseph B. Shepard who for eleven years has done such 
valuable service in the clerical department of the office of 
the Chief of Police, was born Dec. 28, 1825, in Onondaga, 
N. Y. He came west in 1849, and was connected for 
years with railroad and mercantile enterprises. 

R. H. FIGG. 

Police Officer Figg, in charge of the Central station at 
night, was born in 1840, and while being connected with 
the department for a comparatively brief time has proven 
himself invaluable in the service. Bob is an old-time 
printer, and those who know him best allow that it was a 
cold day when the nimble compositor did not succeed in 
making a favorable impression. He is also a story-teller 
and beguiles many an hour for the boys on night duty He 
is very popular among the firemen and ran very often to 
fires in his early days, acting as captain at one time of 
Company 4, of the National Fire Department. He is 
credited with originating the order of Forresters in this 
section. 

JAMES WILEY. 

One of the most valuable detectives connected with the 
Central station, and one of the most respected men on the 



THE POLICE DEPARTMENT. 215 

force, is James Wiley. He is about thirty-eight years of 
age, is of Irish extraction, and of a very modest de- 
meanor. He was born in Syracuse, N. Y., in February, 
1845. He has worked some of the hardest cases, and in 
doing so it is only fair to state that he has incurred very 
few enmities. He is the owner of very valuable farming 
land in Portage, Wis., and if he settles down he will 
probably locate in that section. 

SAMUEL A. ELLIS. 

Detective Ellis was born in London in 1834. The 
family coming to Chicago, Sam went to the Wilder 
school at the age of five. At fourteen he commenced sail- 
ing on the lakes, and at the age of eighteen was Captain of 
the schooner, Mary Margaret. In 1856 he joined the 
police force at North Market station. In 1860 he was de- 
tailed at the Chicago and Milwaukee depot, and in 1863 
he became First Lieutenant of company C, Eighty-ninth 
Illinois, and was wounded at the Battle of Stone Eiver. 
Keturning to Chicago, he joined the detective force, and 
in 1873 Elmer Washburne made him chief of the staff. In 
1874 he was promoted to a captaincy in the West 
Division. In 1877, resigning, he was appointed Deputy 
Sheriff under John Hoffman. In 1881 he was again 
placed on the detective force, but was soon transferred to 
the West Madison street station as a Desk-Sergeant. On 
May 12, 1884, he was brought back to the Central station. 

MICHAEL J. GRANGEB. 

Detective Granger was born in Chicago in 1852, and 
commenced life as a messenger boy for the Chicago & 
Alton Railroad. From this time up to his appointment 
on the police force in 1881. He followed various occupa- 
tions. He first was a patrolman at Harrison street station, 
and in June, 1883, was appointed detective. 



216 THE POLITICAL HISTORY OF CHICAGO. 



JOHN EGAN. 

Detective Egan was born in Brachnaight, Roscommon, 
Ireland, in 1850, and came to New York in 1862. At the 
age of fourteen he joined the Third Virginia Cavalry and 
served with it until the close of the war. He was wounded 
three times and rose to Captain, and only three of his com- 
rades in his company are alive today. In 1877 he was 
appointed inspector by the city which was the only public 
position he held up to 1883, when he was appointed de- 
tective. Mr. Egan has been interested in pork packing 
for several years. 

JOHN REED. 

Detective John Reed, the intrepid captor of the Italian 
Peri who stabbed to their death two citizens named Ready 
and O'Brien at the time of the great fire at the corner of 
Halsted and VanBuren streets, and Avho killed the notori- 
ous Bill Allen who made it so hot for the whole police 
force for so long, was born in the county of Meath, Ire- 
land within four miles of Drogheda in 1839. When he 
was ten years of age his family went to Dublin, and John 
drove a livery wagon as soon as he was able. He was a 
member of the Metropolitan Police in 1860, when with 
other Irish Catholics he went to the rescue of the Holy 
See in its dilemma. He fought at Spoletto, and was taken 
prisoner at Ancona. Returning to Dublin he worked as a 
railroad porter. In 1862 he came to Chicago, and after 
farming for three months was appointed a guardsman at 
Joliet. He subsequently enlisted in the Eleventh Illinois, 
and served to the close of the war, fighting at the Wilder- 
ness, Jackson, Mobile and elsewhere. Again he went to 
Dublin to figure this time as a rollicking driver of a fes- 
tive jaunting car for seven months and the number of his 
hackney-car was 812. Coming back to Chicago he went 



THE POLICE DEPARTMENT. 217 

upon the police force, and from that day to this his record 
has been that of not only a conscientious officer but of a 
humane citizen. He was wounded at the Haymarket. 

EDWARD COSGBOVE. 

Edward Cosgrove, the "silver-haired detective, " was 
born in Clonegal, County Carlow, Ireland, August, 1847. 
He attended the Parish School and subsequently the Tul- 
low Monastery. At the age of 16 he left school and at 
the age of 19 he came to Chicago. He first was employed 
in the grocery trade. For eight years he worked as an 
Assistant Inspector for the House of Correction, where he 
distinguished himself for his humanity in the treatment of 
the unfortunate inmates. He was on duty at the time, in 
1879, when fifteen prisoners made a most desperate but 
unsuccessful attempt to escape. He then went to the 
Grand Pacific Hotel, where he served for six months as a 
private detective. On Feb. 1, 1883, he joined the Chicago 
detective force. 

JOHN STIFT. 

John Stift was born Sept. 5, 1847, in the city of Ha- 
vre, in France, but is of German extraction. He is one 
of sixteen children, twelve of whom yet live, and he is the 
oldest of the tribe. In 1848 the family came to the city 
of New York. In 1850 they removed to Chicago and have 
lived here since. John attended St. Michael's school, cor- 
ner of North ave. and Church street, in the North Division, 
four years. From 1863 until 1872, when he joined the police 
force, he was employed as a teamster for his father. His 
first police experience was at the East Chicago avenue police 
station, under Capt. Gund. While serving under Capt. 
Hathaway he was promoted to the rank of detective and 
transferred to the Central police station, where he now is. 
Mr. Stift is recognized in the department as a very effi- 
cient officer, and commands the respect of his superiors. 



218 THE POLITICAL HISTORY OF CHICAGO. 



MICHAEL GALLAGHER. 

Detective Gallagher was born in 1832, in the County 
Fermanaugh, Ireland, and at the age of 11 came to Phil- 
adelphia. In January 6, 1846, he went on board the ship 
Tuscarora, and encountered for many years thereafter per- 
ils of the sea. His recollections of those days are very in- 
teresting when told by himself, as Gallagher is a capital 
story-teller. He went on the police force in 1866. 

WILLIAM H. CARMAN. 

The associate of Mr. Shepard, William H. Carman, 
was born December 9, 1838, in New Brunswick, N. J., 
has been connected with the Chicago Police Department 
since 1860, and has served under every Superintendent 
since the days of C. P. Bradley. He was patrolman, Sta- 
tion-Keeper, Clerk, and Custodian successively, and was the 
first treasurer of the Police Association organized in Jan- 
uary, 1868. 

DENNIS SIMMONS. 

Dennis Simmons is one of the oldest and shrewdest de- 
tectives on the Chicago police force. He has been con- 
nected with the Police Department for nearly twenty-five 
years, during which time he has served eighteen years on 
the detective department. He lias had many hair-breadth 
escapes, and numerous encounters with desperate criminals, 
but fortune has favored him, not having received a scratch, 
although many a bullet has passed his way. 

Mr. Simmons was born in Queens county, Ireland, Au- 
gust 27, 1833. His parents emigrated to this country 
when he was quite young, and located in New London, 
Connecticut. When eleven years of age he went on board 
of a whale ship, and was constantly on the water for nine- 
teen months. In 1844 his parents came to Chicago, but 
our subject soon again resumed a sailor's life, sailing both 



THE POLICE DEPARTMENT. 219 

on the lakes and on the salt water. At the age of twenty- 
one he went into a ship yard. Subsequently he entered 
the Sheriff's office, under Wilson, and remained in the em- 
ploy of the county under Grey and Hesing. March 7, 
1861, he joined the police force, and since that time his 
career has been an eventful one. 

W. S. HALLORAN. 

William S. Halloran was born in New Haven, Conn., 
in 1851. In 1866 the family removed to Chicago. In 
1871 Mr. Halloran, impelled by a spirit of adventure, went 
to Kansas, where he transacted a most flourishing cattle 
trade. In his leisure hours he recounts many amusing 
incidents in his experience as a drover. Returning from 
the West in 1877, he engaged in the wine and liquor traf- 
fic, and in 1882 joined the police force. Since joining the 
department he has done some very good work, gaining for 
himself the reputation of being a good officer. 

DENNIS KAY. 

Dennis Kay was born in Cleveland, Ohio, in 1854. In 
1855 the family removed to Chicago, and in St. John's 
school in this city Mr. Kay obtained his education. 
Shortly after leaving school, he learned the business of 
carpentry; but tiring of this, he entered the hardware 
establishment of R. R. Day. In 1879 he joined the police 
force. His experience on patrol duty soon qualified him 
for advancement to the detective department in 1882, and 
in this capacity he now serves. 

REINHOLD MEYER. 

Mr. Meyers was born in Chicago in 1858, and was first 
employed in the printing business, conducted by Mr. Rohr 
in Lind's block. He went upon the police force in 1882, 
and has been serving on the detective force for about a 
year. 



220 THE POLITICAL HISTORY OF CHICAGO. 

JOHN O'DONNELL. 

The custodian of stolen property was born in Peter- 
borough, Canada, in 1848, and belongs to a family of un- 
usual vitality as well as fertility. His aged father, an old 
and much respected resident of the west division has ten 
children left, after burying two, and would not be a bit 
thankful to anybody to-day who would intimate that he 
had seen his best days. The family removed to Rochester, 
N. Y., when John was but an infant, but soon returned to 
Peterborough, where the old gentleman became a purchas- 
ing agent for all sorts of commodities. At the age of sev- 
enteen our subject accompanied a gentleman to the vicin- 
ity of Rochester with a view to learning carriage black- 
smithing, but soon decided to try his luck in Chicago 
where his family had settled already. After some experi- 
ence in the grocery business he concluded to become a 
molder, when he entered the service of Collins & Burgie. 
He was working for this firm when upon Mayor Harrison's 
first election he was appointed to his present position. 
John, who always took a deep interest in politics, first 
nominated W. C. Seipp for County Treasurer, by the way 
and is one of the cleverest fellows in Chicago or anywhere 
else. His brothers, Michael, Edward and William, are 
well-known and respected citizens. 

FRANCIS O'NEILL. 

At the Central station one of the most valuable of the 
staff of the Police Superintendent is Frank O'Neill, who 
was born Aug. 25, 1848, on a farm within three miles of 
Bantry Bay, Cork, Ireland. Leaving the National School, 
where he made rapid progress, he sailed with Captain Wat- 
kins on the Black sea, the Mediterranean, the Dardanelles 
and the Bosphorus, and visited many places. In 1865 he 
came to America. The sea had irrestible charms for him. 
His first trip was to the West Indies. When eighteen, he 



THE POLICE DEPARTMENT. 221 

sailed on the Minnehaha for Yokohama, Japan, via the 
Cape of Good Hope, and, after seven continuous months 
on sea, set sail for the Sandwich Islands, and when 
nearing Baker's Island in the mid Pacific was wrecked. 
The brig Zoe occupied thirty-four days bringing the crew 
to Honolulu, whence our subject was sent to San Francisco. 
He was next found tending a flock of 2,700 sheep in Stan- 
islaus. Having rounded Cape Horn he arrived in New 
York, after a circumnavigation of the globe before he was 
twenty. In Chicago he first worked in the Chicago, Al- 
ton and St. Louis freight house. In 1873 he went upon 
the police force and was shot in the left shoulder by a 
burglar. In 1878 he was made a Desk-Sergeant at Deering 
street station, and in 1884 he was made Clerk of Records 
at police headquarters. He is a magnificent penman. 

JOHN J. KELLY. 

The subject of this sketch was born in New Orleans, 
May 10, 1844, and was first employed at cotton-sampling. 
With Engineer Edwards he organized a company of 3,500 
men for the Matanzas Railway, and was in Cuba in 1868, 
where the plague so decimated the force that only three 
survivors returned to Chicago. In this city he at once 
became prominent as a contractor ; cooperating with such 
men as John Duffey and David Hallinan. He was the 
first President of the Sarsfield circle during the Fenian 
agitation, and is otherwise prominent in Irish matters. 
He is bailiff of the police court on Desplaines street. 

TIERNEY AND THORPE. 

Detectives Patrick B. Tierney and William B. Thorpe 
in their special line constituted one of the most successful 
teams in the country. Naturally quiet and unobtrusive, 
except when absolutely necessary, they were necessarily 
very popular officers. 

Mr. Tierney was born in Tipperary, Ireland, in 1853, 



222 THE POLITICAL HISTORY OF CHICAGO. 

and came to America when sixteen years old, and became 
a carpenter. In June, 1875, he went on the police force, 
and was assigned to duty at West Madison street station. 
He traveled beat for four years and was then detailed 
on special duty in citizens clothes. He and Sergeant 
Nick Shannon, a most worthy officer, made the first police 
telephone box, which was located at the corner of Twelfth 
and Halstead streets. Mr. Thorpe was born in Canada, 
and is thirty-nine years old. He has been twelve years on 
the police force. A long list of splendid arrests is found 
to their credit at police headquarters. They traveled from 
the Central station. Mr. Thorpe is yet on the force. Mr. 
Tierney keeps a sample room near City Hall. 

ROSTER OF THE POLICE DEPARTMENT. 

The following is the roster of the Police Department : 
Chief, Frederick Ebersold; Inspector and Secretary, 
John Bonfield; Lieutenants, Joseph Kipley and John D. 
Shea; Custodian, John O'Donnell; Clerks, Joseph B. Shep- 
ard, Michael Brennan and Wm. E. Turner; Desk Ser- 
geants, John E. Mahoney, Charles M. Day, Michael Lan- 



Photographer, Michael P. Evans. 

Patrolmen, Dennis Simmons, Horace M. Elliott, James 
Morgan, Samuel A. Ellis, Daniel Kelly, Charles Rehm, 
John Stift, James Wiley, William H. Jones, Michael 
Crowe, James Murnane, Thomas Dooley, Charles Amstein, 
Wm. B. Thorpe, Patrick Costello, Andrew Rohan, William 
Boyd, John. O'Connor, John A. McDonald, Louis Haas, 
Bernard P. Baer, James H. Bonfield, M. J. Granger, John 
Hanley, Henry Palmer, William S. Halloran, Edward Cos- 
grove, Reinhold Meyer, Michael Whalen, Bartholomew 
Flynn, Nicholas Shannon (Police Sergeant), William H. 
Carman, Frank O'Neill, Robert M. Figg, John Richard- 
son, Martin Rintz, Patrick McGovern, William Steurnayle, 



THE POLICE DEPARTMENT. 223 

George TV. Hunt, Henry Cox, James W. Duffy, Edward 
Flarrity, Adam Miller, Henry Neuman. 

Central Detail. Lieutenant, George W. Hubbard ; Ser- 
geants, Wheeler Bartram, John E. Fitzpatrick ; Desk 
Sergeant, Dexter Cod man ; Roundsman, A. S. Eoss ; 
Patrolmen, John Dufficy, James Bell, William Lyonnais, 
James 0. D. Storen, James Lennon, Peter Ebersold, 
Patrick Hickey, William S. Johnson, Patrick Doherty, 
Marceli Schoenfeldt, Peter Trenlich, Dennis J. Foley, 
Henry Walper, Jacob Ebinger, Morris Louis, Sol. C. 
Steele, John P. Nelson, John Reardon. Mathew H. Mc- 
Guirk, Thomas Murphy, Martin Coleman, Gerald Stark, 
John Gallagher, Daniel Hogan, Thomas D. Beck, George 
J. Dewey, Patrick Gavin, George Dettinger, Dennis H. 
Harrington, Daniel Burns, John Cramer, Henry 1ST. Fech- 
ter, Chris. Seibert, Frank Dolan, Thomas M. Curten, 
Daniel Considine, George Demar, James Short, Nicholas 
Jacks, Michael Murphy, Dennis O'Brien, John C. Morris, 
Marshall N. Walton, William Dollard, Frederick Sommer, 
Joseph S. Barber, Fitch A. Taylor, Oliver Peterson, Ste- 
phen Fitzgerald, Thomas Noonan, John Hooley, W. H. 
Darrow, John J. Kelly, Paul Kallock, Con. E. Murphy, 
Michael Shanley, Eward J. Ryan, Henry Juenger, George 
McHugh, John Mangold, Florence Donohue, James Bren- 
nan, George Kinyon, Walter Sargent, Peter McHugh, John 
Morweiser, James Denny, William J. Deeley, James Ker- 
win, Bryan J. Pierce, Louis Golden, Andrew Casey, John 
Cregan, Michael O'Halloran, Maurice Bowler, Michael 
Gubbins, Joseph T. Harnois, John T. Gibbons, Stephen 
W. Fay, Charles W. Wasmimd, Michael J. Costello, Patrick 
Lavin, James H. Wilson, Jacob Gross, Joseph Paffenholz, 
Edward Rohr, John M. Collins, William Butcher, Joseph 
A. Hillier, Patrick J. Ward, Thomas Hayes, Con. W. 
Crowley, John C. Keenan, Thomas Birmingham, Peter 
Murphy, Hiram A. Earl, Peter McCormick, Patrick Ken- 



224: THE POLITICAL, HISTORY OF CHICAGO. 

nefick, Peter J. Joyce, John Mclnerney ; Operators, "Will- 
iam Hagag, Joseph P. Rock, Martin McQuaid, Frank 
Rosa, Hiram Hillman, Huberd B. Schneider, Eugene 
J. Fitzpatrick, James P Crowley, William Murph\ r , 
William Sheridan, Phelim J. Devitt, Thorns Joyce, 
John J. Donohue, Frank O'Byrne, Alexander B. Cam- 
eron, Edward Gleason, Thomas Connors, Michael K. 
Mahoney, Michael Lawler, Charles Cullen, Martin 
Hogan, Henry G. Kleinhaus, Michael McNulty, Will- 
iam A. Clare, Frank J. Lewis, Terrence McCabe, 
Daniel Coffey,Edward Kelly, James Sweeney, Edmond Hart- 
well, John Amstein, Michael Callaghan ; Painter, Michael 
Bauer; Plumber, Thomas J. Howard ; Carpenter, William B. 
Lynch; Driver, John T. Heinan; Laborers, John Reardon, 
Thomas. Considine, William Croak, Moses H. Debeaubien, 
Henry J. Reitzmann; Blacksmith, James Morrison; Helper, 
Michael Holtz ; Driver, Edward Boyd ; Repairers, Burton 
D. Thompson, William E. Foltz, Charles Shafer, William 
J. Cronan ; Batteryman, Edward J. Barrett. 

FIRST PRECINCT. 

Harrison Street Station . Captain, William Buckley ; 
Lieutenants, Edward Laughlin, August C. Arch ; Patrol 
Sergeant, Max Kipley; Desk Sergeants, P. D. O'Brien, 
Daniel Hogan, Thomas Barrett ; Solomon Maloney, Timo- 
thy Madigan, William Gillard, William J. Goggin, Thomas 
Powers, David Barry ; Bailiff, G . B . Nikodem ; Pound- 
keepers, John A. McCarthy, William F. Smith, and 
Daniel O'Donovan ; Patrolmen, W. Bohan, James 
Shanley, Martin V. French, Augustus Swanson, Mi- 
chael Curtin, Daniel Dohney, Patrick Walsh, Wil- 
liam C. Smith, Edward J. Talbott, Michael Manning, 
Stephen Rowan, Denis Coughlin, John Meehan, James 
Madden, Charles A. Palmer, Timothy Ryan, Joseph H. 
Shi-eve, Michael Corcoran, Peter Sorgel, John F. O'Brien, 



THE POLICE DEPARTMENT. 225 

John J. Duffey, Michael Marks, Patrick Ward, Daniel 
Kinnane, John Cox, Benjamin Reed, Henry C. Thomas, 
Charles A. Judson, John Coleman, Charles P. Arado, John 
E. Culahane, Charles P. Revere, Thomas Duffey, Michael 
J. Murtha, Timothy Murphy, Charles Strening, John 
Healy, Peter W. Rooney, Patrick C. O'Brien, Michael 
Fitzgerald, John P. Schumacher, Thomas Mulcahy, 
Alfred B. Smith, Patrick McQuaid, Frank S. Terry, John 
Coakley, John F. Moore, R. Jones, M. White, 
William Carroll, James R. Lovett, John W. Consi- 
dine, John J. O'Farrell, John Monaghan, Daniel Kilroy, 
William J. Stewart ; Engineer, Michael Murphy ; Assist- 
ant, William Murphy ; Janitors, John Tynan, Daniel D. 
Colnon ; Hostlers, John W. Brennan, P . O'Brien ; Mat- 
rons, Sarah J. Littelle, Elizabeth A. Coventry. 

Twenty-second Street Station. Lieutenant, Daniel 
Duffy; Sergeant, Lyman Lewis; Desk Sergeants, Joseph 
W. Gary, James T. Murphy; Patrolmen, Andrew Barrett, 
John Dunne, Thomas Cullen, Thomas Maher, William 
Flynn, Joseph Leonard, Michael C. Ryan, John Fitz- 
patrick, Christopher J. O'Shea, Patrick Shaunessy, Wil- 
liam Carberry, James Hayes, Timothy Barrett, Timothy 
McKeough, Robert Mack, Charles H. Meyers, John Mc- 
Inerny, John Heneberry, William Sherrett, Dennis Ma- 
honey, Timothy J. Foley, John McTigue, William Styx, 
Michael S. Finnegan, Stephen Kelly, John Savage, James 
C. McNamara, David Sullivan, Augustus Webber, Martin 
Nolan, John O'Brien, John E. Patecek, James Reidy, 
Thomas Kershaw, Charles Risenwebber, Patrick J. French, 
Rodger Mulcahey, William P. Plunkett, Michael O'Brien, 
Martin E. Padden, John Mahony, Henry Gorman, Nicholas 
Martin, John W. Lawler, William Corcoran. 

Cottage Grove Avenue Station. Lieutenant, Madison 
Beadell ; Sergeant, George W. Sanford ; Desk Ser- 
geants, John L. Mahoney, Alexis C. Burdick ; 
15 



226 THE POLITICAL HISTORY OF CHICAGO. 

Patrolmen, Patrick Mahoney, Thomas Crowe, Owen 
Bowen, James E. Farrell, Jerry F. Sullivan, Thomas 
L. Trehorn, Herman Ebinger, Marshall B. Steve, 
William Brennan, Thomas Downes, Patrick J. Gleason, 
Alexander Goodbrand, John A. Toomey, Christian Hearth, 
James King, Wallace M. Day, Martin C. Leyden, Eugene 
Valle, Dominick Feeney, Patrick O'Brien, Michael Otto, 
Thomas S. Brady, Timothy Ryan, Michael O'Brien, Charles 
A. Wilks, Phillip Miller, William A. Hartman, W 7 illiam M. 
Lockwood, Frank E. Raymond, Henry C. Bluhm, John 
E. Keefe, David McCarthy, John J. Dunne, John Bon- 
gerz, David Hanrahan, John Ahern, Henry Rottgen, 
Patrick Harkins, John J. Flannagan, Henry Roach, 
Morris Wheeler, Thomas Moran. 

Thirty-fifth Street Station. Lieutenant Anson Backus; 
Sergeant Francis Campbell; Desk Sergeants, William J. 
Mooney, Peter J. Byrne; Patrolmen, Ferdinand F. H. 
Kurtli, William Bowe, George D. Meade, James McNeill, 
Peter Bonnon, Patrick Cleary, Patrick O'Brien, Patrick 
Maloney, Dennis Quinlan, James Black, James Donlin, 
John J. Leonard, Richard T. Cronin, Michael O'Toole, 
Patrick J. O'Connor, James Evans, William O'Mara, 
Daniel L. McCarthy, John A. Bonfield, John Costello, 
John J. Flannigan, John Moriarty, Arthur Dillon, 
Michael J. Rodney, Michael Gaynor, William O'Donnell, 
James McMahon, John Ryan, Michael McGrath, William 
Taylor. 

SECOND PRECINCT. 

Twelfth Street Station. Captain, Simon O'Donnell; 
Lieutenants, August Blettner, F. P. Barcal; Sergeant, Syl- 
vester Kennedy; Desk-Sergeants, Ingomar V. Brietzke, 
James McAvoy; Bailiff, Chas. P. Hefter; Pound- 
keeper, John Hartnett; Matrons, Mary Ann Murphy, 
Mary Heelan; Patrolmen, Thomas Shanley, Michael 
McGarry, Patrick Sullivan, John Gara, James Fox, 



THE POLICE DEPARTMENT. 227 

Michael Kenney, Jeremiah Houlihan, John O'Malley, 
William King, Hugh Burns, James McShane, John Malone, 
Thomas F. Roach, James J. Adamson, John Moore, 
Patrick Cummings, Andrew J. Pennell, August Hum- 
brock, Philip J. Millik, Joseph Z. LaPlant, Thom- 
as Curtis, George M. Henderson, Edward Halle, John 
H. Dunne, Daniel Riordan, Thomas J. Fitzgerald, 
William Casey, John McDermott, James A. Martin, 
Samuel M. Jewett, Patrick Meade, Malachy Fallen, John 
McDermott, Peter Vinlove, James Bulmon, James Brady, 
James Madden, Michael Connery, Henry Carragher, Jacob 
A. Swikard, Patrick F. Doyle, John J. Carey, Michael P. 
Quigley, Frank Golden, Charles F. Kayser, Michael Holly, 
James Hogan, James P. Hanley, Dennis Shea, Charles F. 
Eisele, John J. O'Donnell, Edward Berth, Michael Mc- 
Mahon, Thomas Donahue, James Corick, Martin Dona- 
hue, Thomas Sullivan, Patrick Conway, James Kane, 
Charles S. Toolan, James Hartigan, Ferdinand Shainer, 
Patrick Ryan, Patrick O'Connor, Charles O'Connell, 
Thomas F. Condon, Michael J. Shay, Frank E. Sullivan, 
Dennis McCarthy, Thomas F. Shanley, Thomas A. Mc- 
Guire, Jacob A. West. 

Hinman Street Station. Lieutenant, Richard A. Shep- 
pard ; Sergeant, John Enright ; Desk Sergeants, Edward 
Barth, William S. McGuire ; Patrolmen, Charles R. 
Fugate, Daniel G. Riodan, James Warner, Patrick Far- 
ley, Lawrence Birmingham, John J. Egan, James H. 
Rosecranz, Michael W. Quinlan, John M. Haines, Patrick 
McCarthy, James W. Knowles, Michael O'Rielly, Miles 
Dolan, William Mayworm, William Coleman, Thomas R. 
\Valsh, Thomas F. Cullerton, Frank Rehm, William Dil- 
lon, Patrick Conroy, Jesse Fairchild, Thomas J. Cannon, 
John F. Rafferty, Thomas F. Farrell, James E. Culliton, 
Patrick Maguire, Owen Doherty, Mathew Zemich, James 
Peceny, James Mansfield, Mathew Kakuska, Thomas F. 



228 THE POLITICAL HISTORY OF CHICAGO. 

Meagher, Richard Cullen, Richard Hughes, Patrick Mc- 
Grath, Loring J. Van Pelt, Louis F. Shane, John Yore, 
John Small, John Petropski, Benjamin Burns, James 
Fitzgerald. 

Deering Street Station. Lieutenant, John Byrne ; 
Sergeant, Michael L. Miller ; Desk Sergeants, Patrick 
Mahoney, James Lawlor ; Patrolmen, James "W. McKenna, 
James J. Fitzgerald, John J. Meany, John P. Nolan, 
James D. Fitzmaurice, James Bergen, Eli S. Cremieux, 
Michael O'Brien, Patrick Keating, John Houlihan, 
William Rooney, James Healy, Michael E. Keating, 
Michael Nagle, John O'Donnell, John McCarthy, Michael 
Conroy, Martin Ward, John O'Hara, Thomas J. Sloyer, 
Patrick O'Day, Stephen Muchosky, John White, Maurice 
Grotty, John J. McCallon, William McShea, John J. 
Jones, William Dillon, Joseph L. Rivers, Michael Hickey, 
Charles McGovern. 

New districts at Canalport avenue and West Thirteenth 
street, under Rehm and Croak, have selected men here 
and there. 

THIRD PRECINCT. 

Desplaines Street Station. Captain, William Ward ; Lieu- 
tenants, Francis Penzen, James Bowler; Sergeant, Richard J. 
Moore; Desk Sergeant, Albert G. Dutton; Patrolmen, John 
A. Patterson; James S. Libby, John Wheeler, John Hickey, 
Michael Hennessy, James Byrnes, Doctor F. Saylor, John 
Reid, James Early, John C. Dammonn, James Ray, John 
J. Kelly, Charles H. Goodman, Andrew O'Day, Patrick H. 
Keefe, August C. Keller, Arthur Connolly, Cornelius 
O'Shea, Michael O'Donnel, William Bohan, Thomas Mur- 
phy, Louis Johnson, Michael M. Condon, Thomas Lee, 
John D. Hartford, George L. Kaiser, Peter Foley, John 
Wessler, James Mitchell, Augustus G. Delometer, Patrick 
Wiley, Jerre Grogan, Paul Kopyto, Timothy J. Stanton, 
Thomas McEnery, Lawrence J. Murphy, John J. Keefe, 



THE POLICE DEPARTMENT. 229 

Michael Madden, John E. Doyle, Martin Cullen, Jacob 
Hilbert, Nicholas J. Shannon, Kobert J. Walsh, Michael 
W. O'Brien (killed on duty, Nov. 11, 1885), John Magis, 
Patrick Connors, Michael Sheehan, John Plunkett, Hugo 
Asping, John J. Daley, Thomas Kindlion, John H. King, 
Martin Flynn, Mathew Wilson, Patrick Nash, James Con- 
way, Patrick Hartford, Thomas Meaney, John J. Barrett, 
James E. Hormon, Daniel J. Daley, Patrick C. McLaugh- 
lin, Mathew T. Connoly, Charles W. Whitney, John S. 
Kelly, Michael Dillon, James H. Tracy, Peter J. Burns, 
Joseph M. Cole, James P. Plunkett, Daniel Pembroke, 
John M. Weeney; Engineer, Joseph A. Turner; Assistant- 
Engineer, Charles Kobesky; Janitors, Charles S. Perry, 
Patrick Coy; Hostlers, John Gleason, Patrick Lorney; 
Matrons, Catherine S. Dodge, Mary Stewart. 

West Madison Street Station. Lieutenant John P. 
Beard ; Sergeant, John Post ; Desk Sergeants, William 
W. Cluett, Michael C. Callaghan ; Patrolmen, Lyman 
Barkley, Nathan A. Brisco, Huron C. Scott, Martin Carl- 
son, Patrick McMahon, Michael Keeley, George Kernan, 
John K. Fitzgerald, Orville Z. Barber, Jacob J. Barcal, 
Alexander Beaubien, James Brutose, Joseph Fallon, 
Daniel Cramer, Gustav A . Walter, Dennis Dunne, Patrick 
Davoren, John B. Millure, Michael M. Horan, Frank 
Murphy, Michael Connolly, John Brown, Richard Ells- 
worth, Hugh McNeil, Timothy Daley, George Miller, 
William I. Neff, Nicholas H. Stahl. 

West Lake Street Station. Lieutenant, James P. Stan- 
ton ; Sergeant, Edmund Roche ; Desk Sergeants, Michael 
S. Hyland, Edwin P. Mann ; Patrolmen, Michael Galla- 
gher, Benjamin Williams, Michael C. Slavin, John T. 
O'Hara, James E. English, Ancel D. Norcross, Thomas 
Grady, Timothy M. Dillon, William L. Sanderson, Will- 
iam F. Jickling, Charles H. Gersch, Adam W. Cook, 
Henry IT. Cluett, Dennis F. Tierney, Alex. Jameson, 



230 THE POLITICAL HISTORY OF CHICAGO. 

Millard Ensworth, John H. Kenny, Jacob Hanson, Timo- 
thy O'Sullivan, John O'Dowd, Charles H. Coffey, Thomas 
Halley, George Lynch, Peter Butterly, Patrick Prior, 
William Kelly, Patrick Cunningham, Charles E. Allen, 
Joseph Norman, Michael Horan, James B . Short, Thomas 
Hennessey, Michael Moran, William Burns, Charles H. 
Fink, Thomas Brophy, John Hartnett, Jr., Bernard J. 
Murphy. 

FOURTH PRECINCT. 

West Chicago Station. Captain, Amos W. Hathaway; 
Lieutenants, Edward J. Steele, Martin Quinn ; Sergeant, 
Frank G. Beaubien ; Desk Sergeants, Rudolph Sanders, 
Louis Kaiser, Patrolmen, John Ryan, Patrick F. Loftus, 
Michael Connelly, John C. Gunderson, Charles H. Roach, 
William Dewald, Roald Lund, John M. Sick, Nicholas 
Crosby, Patrick D. Owens, Edward Barrett, John Miller, 
Robert Cline, John Hanrahan, Frank Eastman, James 
Cook, Charles Jeush, Frank G . Letis, Chauncey W. Bart- 
lett, Cyril R. French, Edward J. Hanley, Christian Blix- 
selt, Herman Kruger, William Lave, Charles Spierling, 
William Halpin, Samuel Helgo, Frank W^esolek, James 
Bolger, John O'Connell, Louis A. Scherer, Chris. W. Gai- 
nor, John Sullivan, John K. McMahon, Carl E. Johnson, 
Edward W. Ruel, John B. Tobin, Nels 0. Sloier, William J. 
Deterling, Benjamin F. Schnell, Peter McCormick, John 
J. McNulty, Patrick Walsh, Michael Kissane, George P. 
Ring, Frederick Wellman, Martin Bock, Joseph A. Gilso, 
Julius L. Simonson, John Jurs, Jerre Kennedy, Patrick 
Tully, Simon Kledzia, John Kinsella, James Mackay, 
James E. Tyanan, William H. Onthank, Joseph Polo- 
zynski, Cornelius Fitzgerald, Freeman J. Steele, James 
Glynn ; Matrons, Mary Ann Meyer, Annie Dwyer. 

West North Avenue Station. Lieutenant, Michael 
Bischoff; Sergeant, Anton Oyen; Desk-Sergeants, George 
A. Bender ; Patrolmen, Jerry O'Donnohue, George W. 



THE POLICE DEPARTMENT. 231 

Raycraft, Michael Burns, John R. Looby, James Kearns, 
Joseph Kendzia, Elef Danielsen, Patrick H . Owens, James 
W. Kerr, William C. Morris, John Lindstrom, Nils Hansen, 
Thomas McNamara, Charles Schoen, Samuel Collins, 
Alexander Halverson, Frank W. Nohren, Simon Mc- 
Mahon, James B. Kelly, Charles L. Moore, James B. 
Maloy, Michael McMahon, Daniel P. McCarthy, Charles 
Johnson. 

Rawson Street Station. Lieutenant, Charles J. John- 
son; Sergeant, Charles O'Connor; Desk-Sergeants, Wil- 
liam Patton, Milo M. Wheadon; Patrolmen, Mathew 
Foley, Max Heidelmeyer, Wilhelm Lohmeyer, John Boyd, 
Thomas D. Fox, Patrick J. Murphy, Thomas J. Griffin, 
Patrick E. McNulty, William Demar, Jacob Tamillo, 
James Gleason, Edmund Burke, Charles F. Onlhank, 
John B. Wathier, John H. Monihan, Michael Korzemewski, 
Charles F. Wendt, William M. Marsh, Alexander Mc- 
Donald, James T. Johnson, Mathew Reagan, Kazpar 
Wiczoreck, Patrick Flannigan . 

FIFTH PRECINCT. 

East Chicago Avenue Station. Captain, Michael 
Schaack; Lieutenants, C. C. Larsen, Victor Schumacher; 
Sergeant, P. J. Gibbons; Desk-Sergeants, Robert C. Mont- 
gomery, Charles G. Koch ; Patrolmen, John Mullin, 
James D. Cook, Edward F. Koeller, David E. Little, 
Charles A. Strail, William Griffin, Richard Bartlett, 
Jacob Loewenstein, Bernt Meyer, Patrick O'Regan, 
Charles A. Spencer, Thomas McMahon, Edward Mc- 
Grath, Henry W. Post, William Kearney, John P. 
Berwick, Anton Klinger, John Stiffes, Charles Maleska, 
James R. Prendergast, Thomas J. Ryan, James Moore, 
Paul Hoefig, Thomas B. Boynes, Walter O'Donnell, 
Joseph Mercier, George W. Miller, Garrett H. Doyle, 
Owen P. Roach ; Pound-Keeper, William Kaecke ; 



232 THE POLITICAL, HISTORY OF CHICAGO. 

Bailiff, Peter M. Hansborough. died Nov. 4, 1885; 
Patrolmen, James McGinnis, George Perry, Peter M. 
Kelly, Harvey Hughes, William Sleeth, Robert J. Schlan, 
Anthony Kelly, Peter Schaus, George Hutchinson, Daniel 
Coughlin, William Cndmore, Hugo R. Malinowski, James 
Beggan, Herman G. Nehls, James O'Toote, William 
Murphy, John Welsh, John T. Finn, Peter Adams, Gus- 
tav Williams, John Fleming, William Spain, John 0. 
Nordstrain, William H. Calkins, John Gallagher, John 
Noonan, Patrick Scott, August H . Mueller, John J. Shea, 
Herman B. Croon, William Lauer, Patrick M. Murphy, 
Julius Haerle, Peter Welter, Louis C. Baumann, Patrick 
M. Casey, James J. Crowley, Gustav Franenknecht ; 
Matrons, Mary Eager, Annie Mohoman; Janitors, Peter 
Kuhr, Henry Christianson; Hostler, John Heenan. 

Larrabee Street Station. Lieutenant, John Baus; Ser- 
geant, John D. Bodmer; Desk Sergeants, Francis Smith 
and Edward F. Hedrich; Patrolmen, Nathan J. Young, 
John K. Seller, Bernhard Demaling, Otto Schifter, Ed- 
ward Duddless, Dennis Hoges, Michael Hoffman, John 
Eizinger, Richard Bald, Mathias Johnson, John Kaiser, 
John Hartman, John Garity, John G. Lorch, John Kee- 
gan, Edward Langen, Patrick Casey, James O'Donnell, 
Henry Degan, John Connor, Hugh Harrity, Frank Stoffel, 
Bernard Boesen, Patrick McMahon, Thomas H. Moran, 
Mathias J. Franzen, Martin Huels, Charles E. Johnson, 
Dennis O'Connor, Thomas H. Seery, Levi AVood, Otto 
Hairle, John V. Ryan, Julius Roach, Peter Kelly, William 
H. Parker, Anthony Paton, Luke Colleran, Henry Fitz- 
gerald, Michael Nash, John Delaney, Thomas O'Shea, 
George W. Gowan, and Frank Elwood. 

Webster Avenue Station. Lieutenant, ElishaE. Lloyd; 
Sergeant, William Hogan ; Desk Segeants, John Nye 
and John Quirk; Patrolmen, Herman Schuettler, William 
Cushman, Michael J. Shute, John Barry, John G. Koch, 



THE POLICE DEPARTMENT. 233 

John Patterson, William B. Macauley, John Scanlon, 
Nicholas Krass, William Haerle, Martin Hoffman, Lauritz 
Lauritzen, AVilliam J. Jackson, Patrick Kiley, Kobert L. 
Monahan, Edward Lee, Henry Donahue, Thomas Jordan, 
Frederick Anderson, Stephen Tarnawski, Edward J. Gard- 
ner, August L. Zimmerman, Michael McGraw, Patrick A. 
Gorrity, Duncan McCloud, Timothy Mahoney, John Mc- 
Auley, Thomas O'Donovan, John D. McMahon, Andrew 
Nesser, Thomas Glavin, Henry Prendergast, John A. El- 
liott, Peter Gibbons, Frank J. Thalstrom, Jacob Marugg, 
Frank C. Eyan, and Frederick Luettich. 

THE POLICE TELEPHONE, AXD SIGNAL SYSTEM. 

This is one of the greatest institutions in the police 
service of the world. It came into use when William J. 
McGarigle, now Warden of the Cook County Hospital, 
was General Superintendent of the police of the city of 
Chicago. This was in 1880. Prof. John P. Barrett, the 
distinguished electrician and Superintendent of the Fire 
Alarm Telegraph, worked hard to make it a success, as 
also did Austin J . Doyle, Fire Marshal Swenie, Inspector 
Bonfield, and Captain O'Donnell . 

The instruments and batteries for receiving and record- 
ing telegraphic signals are placed in each police station. 
The apparatus is automatic, and requires no great skill to 
handle. Whenever a signal is sent from the street-station 
the record is registered of itself. The gravity batteries are 
reliable and constant. When the arbitrary signals of the 
telegraph are insufficient resort is had to the telephones 
and transmitters. 

From each police station radiate telegraph lines, con- 
necting at desired localities with a structure on the street 
resembling a sentry-box, octagonal in form, about two feet 
eight inches in diameter and eight feet in height. A lamp 
placed upon the top lights the interior of the box and illu- 
minates the street. 




The street-station, complete, with door open, showing alarm-box, with 
telephone, etc., and with lamp on top, thus taking the place of iron lamp- 
post. 

234 



THE POLICE DEPARTMENT. 235 

The doors of the boxes have a patent trap-lock, so that 
a key cannot be withdrawn until released by a master key. 
Each key is numbered, and the name of the holder kept 
on record. This is to insure honesty in turning in an 
alarm. When a key has been used the proper officer can 
only return it who holds the master or release key. A key 
to the street station may be* given to a responsible citizen, 
and each patrolman carries one . The locks are uniform, 
and one key will open any street-station. Inside of each 
station is a small iron case, with a door and lock, contain- 
ing an automatic signal instrument, whereby a key-holder 
by pulling a hook can call for assistance . Only officers 
have keys to the inside boxes, which contain, besides the 
signal apparatus, a telephone and transmitter. 




Alarm Box, with door open, showing the Signal box, with dial for differ- 
ent calls, and Telephone for use of Patrolmen in communicating with Police 
Station. 

The patrol-wagon is light and strong. It is furnished 
with an alarm-gong. On either side of the box under the 
seats, running lengthwise is a compartment for hand- 
cuffs, come-alongs, clubs, blankets, canvass stretcher, 



THE POLICE DEPAETMEHT. 



23T 



ropes, etc. The stretcher, when not in use is is rolled up 
on the poles. When needed it is produced through a little 
door at the end of the wagon, and attached to the hooks 
on the poles. The jolting of the wagon is hardly per- 
ceptible . There is a ring in the floor of the wagon to hold 
down unmanageable prisoners. 




PRIVATE BOX. 

There is a small signal-box designed for banks, hotels, 
business offices or private residences. A key of the house 
is left at the police station under seal . By pulling the 
hook of the box one can send an alarm and tell what is 
needed by one of ten different signals. A policeman in 



238 THE POLITICAL HISTORY OF CHICAGO. 

the station breaks the seal, takes the key from its place, 
steps quietly into the front door and surprises the burglars 
at their work . The would-be victim need not move from 
his bed . 

The police, telephone and signal telegraph outside of 
Chicago is now the property of the owners and constructors 
of the Gamewell system of fire-alarm telegraphs operating 
in about two hundred cities and towns. Professor E. B. 
Chandler, the first superintendent of the fire-alarm tele- 
graph in Chicago, represents the Avestern division in 
Chicago, with headquarters at 118 La Salle street. The 
principal office is No. 1| Barclay street, New York, and 
among others are the following agencies: 

William H. Mendell, Special Agent, 115 Congress 
street, Boston, Mass.; for New England: Edwin Rogers, 
115 Congress street, Boston, Mass. ; for New York State: 
the Utica Fire Alarm Telegraph Company, Utica, N. Y.; 
for Maryland: J. F. Morrison, 7 South street, Baltimore; 
for Ohio, Kentucky and Tennessee: Post & Company, 
Cincinnati, 0.; for Indiana and West Virginia: Webb 
Chandlee. Richmond, Ind.;for Pacific Division: Califor- 
nia Electrical Works, George S . Ladd, President, 222 San- 
some street, San Francisco, Cal. 



THE POLICE DEPAKTMENT. 239 



THE HAYMARKET HORROR. 

On the night of Tuesday, May 4, 1886, seven police 
officers were wounded to their death and many more crip- 
pled by the throwing of a bomb and pistol shots by anarch- 
ists, or reputed anarchists, near Haymarket Square. The 
following is a list of the killed : 

Mathias J. Degan, George Miller, John J. Barrett, 
Timothy Flavihan, Michael Sheehan, Nils Hansen, 
Thomas Madden. 

The folloAving is the official report of the police in the 
premises : 

JUNE 9, 1886. 
FREDK. EBERSOLD, ESQ., GEN'L SUPERINTENDENT OF POLICE: 

Sir, On Tuesday, May 4, the attention of our de- 
partment was called to a circular headed " Revenge/' and 
also to the fact that an anarchist meeting was to be held 
that evening on Randolph street, near Desplaines street, on 
the square known in years gone by as the Haymarket, but 
owing to reasons known only to the prime movers of the 
meeting, it was changed to about 90 feet north of Randolph 
on Desplaines street, and near the intersection of an alley, 
to better serve their purposes . 

On the afternoon of the day above mentioned, his 
honor, the Mayor, ordered that the Department of Police 
keep watch of the meeting, and if any of the speakers 
should advise their hearers to acts of violence, it would be 
our duty, as conservators of the peace, to go to the place 
of meeting in sufficient force, and order them to peaceably 
disperse, the order to be as directed by law. (See Revised 
Statutes of Illinois, chapter 38, section 253 . ) To carry out 
the instructions of the Mayor, Captain Ward, of the third 
precinct, was ordered to call all his available men to Des- 
plaines street station. Captain Ward's command consisted 
of one hundred men under the command of Lieutenants 



240 THE POLITICAL HISTORY OF CHICAGO. 

Bowler, Stanton, Penzen and Beard. In addition to the 
above, there were present from the Central detail, twenty- 
six men commanded by Lieutenant G. W. Hubbard and 
Sergeant John E. Fitzpatrick, and fifty men from the 
fourth precinct, with Lieutenants Steele and Quinn. The 
entire force present consisting of one captain, seven lieu- 
tenants, and one hundred and seventy-six men. 

At the suggestion of the Mayor, and with your permis- 
sion, I went to the Desplaines street station and took com- 
mand of the entire force assembled at that point . By your 
orders detectives were sent out to mingle with the crowd, 
and were ordered to pay strict attention to the speakers, 
and if any thing of an incendiary nature was advised, the 
officers were to report to me at Desplaines street station. 

About 9 o'clock, p. m., I was informed that the meet- 
ing was not being held on the market place, but they had 
moved to a point on Desplaines street, between Randolph 
and Lake streets, and about 350 feet from Desplaines street 
station. At different times, between 8 and 9 :30 o'clock, p. m., 
officers in plain clothes reported the progress of the meet- 
ing, and stated that nothing of a very inflammatory nature 
was said until a man named Fielden, or Fielding, took the 
stand. He advised his hearers " To throttle the law," 
" It would be as well for them to die fighting as to starve 
to death." He further advised them "To exterminate 
the capitalists, and to do it that night . " Wanting to be 
clearly within the law; and wishing to leave no room for 
doubt as to the propriety of our actions, I did not act 
on the first reports, but sent the officers back to make fur- 
ther observations . A few minutes after 10 o'clock, p . m . , 
the officers returned and reported that the crowd was get- 
ting excited and the speaker growing more incendiary in 
his language . I then felt to hesitate any longer would be 
criminal on my part, and then gave the order to fall in, 
and our force formed on Waldo Place . 



THE POLICE DEPARTMENT. 241 

The companies of Lieutenants Steele and Quinn 
formed the first division, Lieutenant Steele on the right. 
The companies of Lieutenants Stanton and Bowler formed 
the second division, Lieutenant Bowler on the right. 
The third division consisted of twenty-six men from the 
Central detail under command of Lieutenant Hubbard 
and Sergeant Fitzpatrick. Two companies commanded 
by Lieutenants Beard and Penzen brought up the rear. 
Their orders were to form right and left on Randolph 
street and guard our rear from any attack from the Hay- 
market on Randolph street. 

In this order we marched north on Desplaines street 
(Captain Ward and myself in front of the first division), 
until within a few feet of the truck upon which the 
speakers were standing, and around which a large crowd 
had congregated. The command, halt, was given, and 
Captain Ward stepping forward to within about three feet 
of the truck, said, " I command you, in the name of the 
people of the state to immediately and peaceably dis- 
perse," and turning to the crowd of persons on the right 
and left, said "I command you, and you, to assist. " 
Fielden or Fielding turned and got off the truck, and as 
he reached the sidewalk, said in rather a loud voice, " We 
are peaceable." Almost instantly, I heard a hissing sound 
behind me followed by a tremendous explosion. The ex- 
plosion was immediately followed by a volley of pistol 
shots from the sidewalks and street in front of us. 

The explosion was caused by a dynamite bomb which 
was thrown into our ranks from the east sidewalk, and 
fell in the second division, and near the dividing line be- 
tween the companies of Lieutenants Stanton and Bowler. 
For an instant the entire command of the above named 
officers, with many of the first and third divisions was 
thrown to the ground . Alas, many never to rise again ! 
The men recovered instantly, and returned the fire of the 
16 



242 THE POLITICAL HISTORY OF CHICAGO. 

mob. Lieutenants Steele and Quinn charged the mob on 
the street, while the company of Lieutenant Hubbard 
with the few uninjured members of the second division 
swept both sidewalks with a hot and telling fire, and in a 
few minutes the anarchists were flying in every direction . 
I then gave the order to cease firing, fearing that some of 
our men, in the darkness might fire into each other. 

I then ordered the patrol wagons to be called, made de- 
tails to take care of the dead and wounded, placed guards 
around the station and called for physicians to attend to 
our wounded men. 

The reports of Captain Ward and the Lieutenants en- 
gaged which are attached and form a part of this report 
will give all details as to the killed and wounded. It is 
surprising to many that our men stood and did not get 
demoralized under such trying circumstances. 

It has been asserted that regular troops have become 
panic stricken from less cause. I see no way to account 
for it except this: The soldier acts as part of a machine, 
rarely, if ever, when on duty is he allowed to act as an in- 
dividual or to use his personal judgment. A police offi- 
cer's training teaches him to be self-reliant. Day after 
day and night after night he goes on duty alone, and when 
in conflict with the thief and the burglar, he has to depend 
upon his own individual exertions. The soldier being 
part of a machine, it follows that when a part of it gives 
out, the rest is useless until the injury is repaired. The 
policeman being a machine in himself, rarely, if ever gives 
up until he is laid on the ground and unable to rise again. 

In conclusion, I beg leave to report, that the conduct 
of the men and officers, with few exceptions, was admira- 
ble. As a military man said to me the next day, " "Worthy 
the heroes of a hundred battles." Of one officer, I beg 
leave to make special mention. Immediately after the ex- 
plosion I looked behind me and saw the greater portion of 



THE POLICE DEPARTMENT. 243 

the second division on the ground . I gave the order to 
the men to close up, and in an instant, Sergeant John E. 
Fitzpatrick was at my side and repeated the order. To 
show our appreciation of the sergeant's gallant conduct, I 
would respectfully recommend to his honor, the Mayor, 
and yourself, the promotion of the Sergeant to a lieuten- 
ancy as soon as a vacancy occurs. I am satisfied that the 
department does not contain a braver or a better officer. 
Respectfully Submitted, 

JOHN BONFIELD, 
Inspector and Secretary, Department of Police. 

CENTEAL DETAIL. 

CHICAGO, 111,, May 7, 1886. 
JOHN BONFIELD, ESQ., SECRETARY AND INSPECTOR. 

Sir: On the evening of the 4th inst, I was ordered to 
Desplaines street station with a company consisting of 
twenty-eight men from the Central detail. The follow- 
ing names will give the roster of my command and also 
the names of the injured : 

Lieutenant, George W. Hubbard ; Sergeant, John E. 
Fitzpatrick ; Patrolmen, Cornelius W. Crowley, John P. 
Nelson, Patrick Lavihan, injured, Jacob Ebinger, injured, 
Solomon S. Steele, James Kerwin, J. O. D. Storen, Wil- 
liam Lyonnais, Hiram A. Earl, John J. .Kelley, injured, 
James Mitchell, Lewis Goldon, John W. Collins, James H. 
Willson, injured, Peter McHugh, Luke Colleran, Fred A. 
Andrews, injured, Michael O'Brien, injured, John A. 
Weber, John F. Gibbons, James Cahill, John Riardon, 
John C. Morris, John Morweiser, Florence Donahue, 
Daniel Hogan, injured. 

At about 10:15 o'clock p. m., we were ordered by you 
to fall in. In taking our position in line we were the 5th 
company, the first four companies marching division front, 
we marching company front. Myself and Sergeant Fitz- 



244 THE POLITICAL HISTORY OF CHICAGO. 

patrick were side by side, the Sergeant on my right and 
both of us in front and center of our command. We pro- 
ceeded North on Desplaines street to about ninety feet 
North of Eandolph street, and when in the act of halting, 
a bomb was thrown from the east side of Desplaines street 
alighting in the center of the second division, about five 
feet from and directly in front of myself and Sergeant Fitz- 
patrick. The bomb exploded instantly and mowed down 
about one-half of the second division and six men of the 
left wing of our command. The concussion made by the 
explosion, staggered and rendered me wholly deaf for a 
few moments. The remainder of the second division was 
forced back by the havoc made by the explosion, together 
with our own injured, temporarily deranging our line. 
Sergeant Fitzpatrick reorganized the right wing of our 
command and commenced firing upon the crowd on the 
east sidewalk, I taking the remainder of the left wing and 
emptying our revolvers into the crowd as they rushed south 
on the west side of Desplaines street. The firing con- 
tinued until the order came from you, through Sergeant 
Fitzpatrick, to cease firing, fearing that we might injure 
each other in the darkness. We proceeded at once to re- 
organize the company, reload and ascertain how many of 
our command was missing, and found nine men short, 
seven of whom were injured and the other two were assist- 
ing in caring for the wounded. By your order we proceed- 
ed to the southwest corner of Desplaines and Randolph 
and stood guard until relieved and ordered to the station. 
A portion of our command was detailed to assist in gather- 
ing up the wounded officers, as every few minutes, word 
would be received that an injured officer was at such a 
number or place. 

Directly after the bomb exploded it was followed by a 
volley of pistol shots from both the east and west side- 
walks. Our men returned the fire as soon as possible. I 



THE POLICE DEPARTMENT. 245 

also saw many persons lying on the walks, in door-ways 
and alleys after the firing ceased, but when we had cared 
for our own men and begun gathering up the dead and 
wounded of the enemy, many had disappeared in some 
manner and others drawn into adjacent buildings. The 
entire proceedings were sudden, vicious and soon over, no 
one knows better than yourself. 

I would state in conclusion, that the conduct of the 
men was admirable, and that at the command, "cease firing 
and fall in," the command immediately reorganized on the 
very ground that they halted on at the beginning of the 
engagement. Respectfully, 

GEORGE W. HUBBAED, Lieutenant of Police. 

JOHN E. FITZPATRICK, Sergeant of Police. 

DESPLAINES STREET STATION. 

MAY 5, 1886. 
WILLIAM WARD, ESQ., CAPTAIN COMMANDING THIRD PRECINCT: 

Sir : I respectfully report to you that on the 4th inst. 
there was an anarchist meeting held on Desplaines street, 
between Lake and Randolph streets. About 10: 15 o'clock 
p. m., on the above mentioned date, Inspector Bonfield and 
Captain Ward called seven companies of men together. 

At the command, "fall in," from Inspector Bonfield, 
we formed on Waldo place, and marched into Desplaines 
to about ninety feet north of Randolph street, to within a 
few feet of the speaker's stand, a flat truck wagon. I 
could distinctly hear you give the order for the speaker and 
crowd to disperse, " in the name of the state and as peace- 
able citizens." The speaker then paused for a moment, 
and the next instant a bombshell was thrown into our 
midst, wounding nineteen of my men out of a company of 
twenty-six. I was momentarily stunned, but soon recov- 
ered myself, and ordered what men I had left to charge on 
the crowd. We fired several shots each, and then used our 



246 THE POLITICAL HISTORY OF CHICAGO. 

clubs to good advantage. Both sides of the street were 
covered with wounded men, but most of the crowd was 
north on Desplaines street. After the shooting was over, 
Sergeant It. Moore, Officers Wessler, Foley, Meaney, 
Asping, R. Walsh and myself went to assist the wounded. 
During the struggle I saw Inspector Bonfield, Captain 
Ward, Lieutenant Hubbard, Sergeants Moore and Fitzpat- 
rick several times. 

The following shows the names of the officers in my 
company, also the names of the wounded: 

Lieutenant James Bowler; Sergeant, Richard J. Moore; 
Patrolmen George Miller, John J. Barrett and Michael 
Sheehan died from injuries received; John Reid, bullet 
wounds in both legs below knees; Lawrence J. Murphy, 
half of the left foot blown off by shell, two shell wounds 
in the right leg, one in the right hip, two bullet wounds 
in the right leg, also one in the left side of neck; John 
E. Doyle, two bullet wounds in the right leg below the 
knee, three shell wounds in the left leg below the knee; 
Arthur Conolly, two shell wounds in the right leg, bul- 
let wound in the right arm ; Nicholas J. Shannon, bullet 
wound in the back, seventeen shell wounds in the lower 
part of both legs; Adam S. Barber, bullet wound in 
right heel, shell wounds in the lower and back part 
of both legs; James Con way, shell wounds through 
the lower part of the right leg; Thomas McEnery, ten 
shell wounds in both legs; Patrick Hartford, two shell 
wounds in the left leg, bullet wound through the right 
heel, three toes of left foot shot off; Louis Johnson, shell 
wound in the lower part of the left leg; Frank P. Tyrell, 
two shell wounds in the fleshy part of the left thigh; August 
C. Keller, shell wound above the left hip, bullet wound in 
left side; James Brady, four shell wounds in the lower 
part of both legs; John H. King, shell wound in the right 
jaw and two bullet wounds in the right leg; Peter Foley, 



THE POLICE DEPAKTMENT. Z-i < 

John Wesler, Thomas Meaney, Robert J. Walsh, Hugo 
Asping, Edward Griffin, William L. Sanderson, not injured. 
Respectfully yours, 

JAMES BOWLER, Lieutenant of Police. 

WEST LAKE STKEET STATION. 

CHICAGO, 111., May 17, 1886. 
WILLIAM WARD, ESQ., CAPTAIN COMMANDING THIRD PRECINCT: 

Sir, I beg leave to make the following report of the 
part taken by myself and company in the Haymarket riot 
on the evening of the 4th inst. 

I formed my company on Waldo place about 10:15 
o'clock, p. m., and marched east into Desplaines street, then 
north on that street by company front to about ninety feet 
north of Randolph street and came to a halt, and in about 
six or eight seconds I saw the bomb just before it struck 
the ground. I noticed a fuse about an inch long attached 
to the shell, which exploded a few seconds later. It fell 
directly in front and near the center of my company and 
about four feet to my left. I think it was thrown from 
the east side of the street. Shooting began immediately 
after the shell exploded, and continued from three to five 
minutes. I turned to look after my men, and found they 
were scattered, and the most of them injured. I ordered 
them to fire, and proceeded to do so myself, and continued to 
do so until exhausted by the loss of blood f roni my wounds. 
I was then taken to the Desplaines street station, and soon 
afterward to the county hospital. My company consisted 
of eighteen men and myself. The balance of my men 
were detailed in other companies. 

Respectfully yours, 

JAMES P. STANTON, 

Lieutenant of Police. 



248 THE POLITICAL HISTORY OF CHICAGO. 



WEST LAKE STREET STATION. 

CHICAGO, 111., May 17, 1886. 
WILLIAM: WARD, ESQ., CAPTAIN COMMANDING THIRD PRECINCT: 

Sir, The following is a report showing the names of 
the officers of this station who were detailed in the Des- 
plaines Street district, May 4, 1886, also to what compa- 
nies they were assigned, those who were wounded and the 
nature of the wounds received in the Hay market riot on 
the evening of that day: 

Lieutenant James P. Stanton, two wounds in calf of 
right leg, one in right thigh, one in right hip, one in right 
side, one in right forearm, wounded by pieces of shell, 
pistol wound in right arm, severe, but doing well; Patrol- 
man Charles H. Coffey, not injured; Patrolmen, Alexan- 
der Jameson, severe pistol shot in left thigh, also in left 
wrist; Timothy O'Sullivan, severe pistol shot wound in 
right thigh; Thomas Halley, slightly injured by being 
trampled on; Jacob Hanson, right leg crushed by shell, 
amputated above the knee, two pistol shot wounds in left 
hip, left ankle fractured by shell, very dangerous; Michael 
Horan, dangerous pistol shot wound in right thigh, four 
inches above the knee, also severe pistol shot wound in 
right forearm: Peter Butterly, severe wound in each leg 
below the knees, by shell, severe pistol shot wound in right 
forearm; William Kelly, not injured; Joseph Norman, 
severe shell wfiund in left hand, also in right heel ; Thomas 
Hennessey, severe shell wound in left thigh, also several 
slight wounds in both legs below the knees, caused by 
fragments of shell; William Burns, slight shell wound in 
right instep; Charles H. Fink, two dangerous pistol shot 
wounds in each thigh and severe shell wound in left ankle; 
Mathias J. Degan, killed by shell wounds in abdomen and 
legs; Bernard J. Murphy, dangerous shell wound on right 
side of head, large wound through left thigh; Thomas 



THE POLICE DEPARTMENT. 249 

Brophy, severe shell wound in left hand; John McWeiney, 
not injured; Charles J. Whitney, dangerous shell wound 
in chest; Thomas Redden, left leg crushed by shell; also 
wounds in both arms and face, died at the county hospital 
May 17, 1886. 

In Lieutenant Beard's company, Patrolmen, James 
Plunkett, slightly injured by being trampled upon; Pat- 
rick Prior, Dennis F. Tierney, John Hartnett, Jr., Charles 
E. Allen, Patrick Cunningham, not injured. 

In Lieutenant Penzen's company Sergeant Edmund 
Eoche, not injured; Patrolmen, James B. Short, George 
Lynch, Michael Moran, not injured; John S. Kelly, de- 
tailed on wagon, not injured. 

Respectfully yours, 

EDMUND ROCHE, 
Acting Lieutenant of Police. 

WEST CHICAGO AVENUE STATION. 

CHICAGO, 111., May 12, 1886. 
JOHN BONFIELD, ESQ., INSPECTOR OP POLICE: 

Sir, Obedient to orders received at 7:30 o'clock p. nu 
May 4 from Frederick Ebersold, General Superintendent 
of Police, for fifty police officers to report at Desplaines 
street station, Captain A. TV. Hathaway detailed myself 
and twenty-five men, and in pursuance of said order I re- 
ported the command and myself to Inspector John Bonfield 
at Desplaines street station at about 7:45 o'clock, p. m. 

The entire force present was informed that an unlawful 
meeting was about to be held on Desplaines street near 
Randolph street, with orders to prohibit the same and if 
not complied with, to disperse said meeting. About 10:15 
o'clock, p. m., on the evening mentioned above, Inspector 
Bonfield gave the command to fall in, myself and command 
being placed on the right of the column. Starting from 
Waldo place we marched into Desplaines street, double com- 



250 THE POLITICAL HISTORY OF CHICAGO. 

pany front was formed, the left of the first company being 
commanded by Lieutenant Martin Quinn. The order, "for- 
ward," brought us to within about six feet of an improvised 
stand, a flat truck wagon, where several speakers were pres- 
ent and a man named Fielding was then speaking to the as- 
sembly. The command, halt, was given; and at this mo- 
ment, the speaker, pointing to our advancing force, re- 
marked, " There are the blood-hounds coming; do your 
duty and I will do mine." Captain William Ward of the 
third precinct, then stepped forward to the speaker's stand 
and addressing the speaker as also the entire assembly, said, 
" I as an officer of the law in the name of the people of the 
State of Illinois, do hereby command you to disperse," at the 
same time calling upon law abiding citizens to assist him 
in so doing. A? Captain Ward had finished his last sen- 
tence, a shell was thrown into the ranks in the rear of 
Lieutenant Martin Quinn's company there exploding. At 
the same time a volley of shots was fired into our ranks 
from the crowd. The command at once returned the fire 
and being assisted by the entire force on the scene were 
successful in dispersing the mob. 

As to the conduct of the officers during the struggle I 
would state that they all acted prompt, and with precision 
and courage, with one exception. Officer Charles Dom- 
browski, a new member of the force, deserted his command 
and fled to a friend's house on Halsted street. Said officer 
was subsequently discharged from the force by order of 
Frederick Ebersold, General Superintendent of Police. 

The following is a list of the officers in my command 
during the struggle, Officers C. W. Gainoio, Henry Wei- 
neke, Edward Euel, Herman Krueger, Edward Barrett, 
Charles Dombrowski, Patrick McNulty. 

Respectfully yours, 

E. J. STEELE, 
Lieutenant of Police. 



THE POLICE DEPARTMENT. 251 



DESPLAINES STKEET STATION.. 

CHICAGO, Ills., May 14, 1886. 
WILLIAM WARD, ESQ., CAPTAIN COMMANDING THIRD PRECINCT: 

Sir, On Tuesday evening, May 4, at about 10:15 
o'clock, p. m., we were ordered to fall in line on Waldo 
place. The command was given by the left flank, march- 
ing company front. We got instructions to halt on the 
north crossing of Desplaines and Eandolph streets. I saw 
something thrown from the sidewalk near Crane Bros, alley, 
which looked like a fire cracker, but instantly an explosion 
occurred, at the same time shooting commenced in front 
of the police force, I being in command of the second last 
company. Three of my men got slightly hurt, and Officers 
Patrick McLaughlin and Patrick Nash were detailed to 
assist the wounded officers to Desplaines Street Station and 
their homes. 

The following named officers were in my command: 
Sergeant, Edmund Roche; Patrolmen, P. H. Keefe, 
Andrew O'Day, bruised on right knee, Michael O'Donnell, 
John D. Hartford, Jeremiah Grogan, John J. Daly, Gustav 
A. Walters, Patrick Connors, John Plunkett, Thomas 
Kindlan, Matthew Wilson, Patrick Nash, bruised in left 
breast, Robert Bennett, Matthew Connolly, Patrick Mc- 
Laughlin, bruised in right breast, Edward Gasquoine, 
Michael Walsh, Charles C. Fish, Edwin J. Cullon, George 
Lynch, William Sanderson, Henry F. Smith, bullet wound 
in right shoulder, Daniel Daley. 

Respectfully, 

FRANCIS PENZEN, 

Lieutenant of Police. 

DESPLAINES STREET STATION. 

CHICAGO, May 24, 1886. 

JOHN BONFIELD, ESQ., SECRETARY AND INSPECTOR OP POLICE: 
Sir, I respectfully report to you that on the 4th inst 



252 THE POLITICAL HISTORY OF CHICAGO. 

it was reported and advertised that an anarchist meeting 
was to be held that evening on Haymarket square. Lieu- 
tenant Hubbard, Sergeant Fitzpatrick and twenty-six 
patrolmen from the Central detail, Lieutenants Steele and 
Quinn and fifty men from the fourth precinct and Lieuten- 
ants Bowler, Penzen, Stanton and Beard with one hundred 
men were held on reserve at this station. At about 10 o'clock 
p. m., policemen in citizens' dress reported that a large 
crowd had assembled on Desplaines just north of Randolph 
street, and speeches of an incendiary nature were being 
made. Inspector Bonfield ordered them back to the meet- 
ing to note further what was said, and a few minutes later 
the same officers reported that the speakers advised the 
people to "attack the capitalists," "throttle the law," 
" stab the law," and other such language. Inspector Bon- 
field then gave the order to get the men into line, which 
was done by forming them on Waldo place in the following 
order, viz.: Lieutenant E. J. Steele with twenty-five 
men, Lieutenant M. Quinn with twenty-five men, Lieu- 
tenant James Bowler and Sergeant R. J. Moore with 
twenty-five men, Lieutenant James P. Stanton with eigh- 
teen men, Lieutenant Geo. W. Hubbard and Sergeant J. 
E. Fitzpatrick with twenty-six men. We then moved east 
to Desplaines street, then north on Desplaines street by 
left flank, two companies front. Lieutenants Steele and 
Quinn in advance, followed by Lieutenants Bowler and 
Stanton in same order, with Lieutenant Hubbard next. 
Lieutenants Beard and Penzen were ordered to wheel to 
the right and to the left on Randolph street and halt any 
attack on our rear from that street. We marched to about 
ninety feet north of Randolph street to where the meeting 
was held. I saw a man, whom I afterward identified as 
Fielding, standing on a truck wagon at the corner of what 
is known as Cranes' alley. I raised my baton, and in a 
loud voice, ordered them to disperse as peaceable citizens. 



THE POLICE DEPARTMENT. 253 

1 also called upon three persons in the crowd to assist in 
dispersing the mob. Fielding got down from the wagon, 
saying at the time, " We are peaceable." As he uttered 
the last word, I heard a terrible explosion behind where I 
was standing, followed almost instantly by an irregular 
volley of pistol shots in our front and from the side-walk 
on the east side of the street, which was immediately fol- 
lowed by regular and well-directed volleys from the police 
and which was kept up for several minutes. I then ordered 
the injured men brought to the station, and sent for sur- 
geons to attend to their injuries. After receiving the neces- 
sary attention most of the injured officers were removed to 
the County hospital and I highly appreciate the manner in 
which they were received by "Warden McGarigle, who did 
all in his power to make them comfortable as possible. 
Respectfully, 

WILLIAM WAUD, Captain third prect. 

WEST MADISON STREET STATION. 

CHICAGO, May 10, 1886. 
WILLIAM WARD, Esq., CAPTAIN COMMANDING THIRD PRECINCT: 

Sir, By instructions received, I respectfully report to 
you that at about 10 :15 o'clock p. m. on the night of May 4, 
1886, the order to "fall in," was given by Inspector Bon- 
field, which was immediately done, my company being 
commanded by myself and Sergeant John Post. In taking 
our position in line we were the seventh company, the first 
four companies marching division front and the two pre- 
ceding companies and myself and command marching 
company front. 

My instructions were to guard the entrance from the 
Haymarket and Randolph and Desplaines street, and keep 
any crowd from coming on the advance commands from 
that quarter. The command being given, the commands 
marched north on Desplaines street, and when my com- 



254 THE POLITICAL HISTORY OF CHICAGO. 

pany had reached a point a little north of the center of 
Kandolph street, I saw a string of fire, something like a 
fire cracker, cut a half circle through the air, which was 
immediately followed by a deafening explosion, which 
caused a momentary confusion. Firing immediately com- 
menced, and noticing a crowd firing from an alley-way on 
the east side of Desplaines street, and also from behind 
boxes and barrels into us, I ordered my men to fire upon 
and disperse them, which they did. After emptying our 
revolvers we again formed and cleared the east side of 
Desplaines street and also at the corners. After this was 
done I ordered Officers Dennis Dunne, John Brown and 
others to assist in caring for the wounded. Myself and 
command remained at the northeast corner of Kandolph 
and Desplaines streets until orders were received to report 
to the station. Following are the names of the men in 
my command, also nature of wounds of the injured : 

Lieutenant J. P. Beard, Sergeant John Post, Patrol- 
men P. McMahon, Michael Keeley, George Kenan, Jacob 
J. Barcal, Richard Ellsworth, William I. Niff, Dennis T. 
Turney, Peter Cunningham, Joseph J. Fallon, Dennis 
Dunne, Daniel Pembroke, Michael Horan, Michael Con- 
olley, John Brown, Hugh McNeil, Nicholas H. Stahl, 
Patrick Prior, Charles E. Allen, Daniel Cramer, neck 
grazed by a bullet ; Martin Cullen, collar bone broken ; 
Frank Murphy, three ribs broken, ankle badly bruised ; 
Timothy Daly, Peter J. Burns, John Hartnett, Jr. 
Respectfully, J. P. BEARD, 

Lieutenant of Police. 



The following parties were found guilty of complicity 
in the shocking affair, and sentenced to die December 3 : 
August Spies, Michael Schwab, Samuel Fielden, Albert R. 
Parsons, Adolph Fischer, George Engel and Louis Lingg. 
Oscar Neebe received fifteen vears. 



THE COUNTY BOARD. 



GEOKGE C. KLEHM. 

Commissioner Klehm, Chairman of the County Board, 
was born at Duedelshiem, Hesse Darmstadt, Germany, 
July 29, 1839 . His father dying before the future Com- 
missioner was a year old, Henry, his brother, emigrated to 
the United States in 1846, and located in the town of 
Seneca, near Buffalo, N. Y. The mother, now seventy- 
nine years old, with John and George, followed in 1851. 
The old lady resides with the Commissioner today. When 
but twelve years of age George and John, who was five 
years his senior, made their living by chopping wood at 
thirty-one cents per cord. George then farmed for a 
while, up to 1853, when he apprenticed himself to the 
brick-laying and plastering trade. In 1855 he came to 
Cook county and settled with his mother and brother John 
on the premises of Thomas Edwards, in the town of Jeffer- 
son, where he worked at his trade, as well as in Chicago 
during the summer and went to school during the winter 
months. In 1860 he qualified as a teacher, and taught in 
Jefferson, Northfield and Niles, pursuing his trade in the 
meantime, in the summer. It is superfluous to state that 
the Commissioner made more money by laying brick than 
he did by cultivating the minds of future statesmen. In 
1864 he married Eliza Harms, and opened a store in the 
town of Niles, in which business 'he continued until 1880, 
when he retired to seek a more congenial vocation. His 
wife dying in 1878 left seven children, whom he trans- 
ferred to the custody of Eliza Rueseh, whom he married 

255 



256 THE POLITICAL HISTORY OF CHICAGO. 

in 1881 . The Commissioner's political career commenced 
in 1860, when he was elected Town Clerk at Jefferson. 
Removing to Niles he has held a public office ever since, 
being the Treasurer of the township ever since 1874. 
In 1876 he was elected by the People's Party to the House 
of Representatives from the Seventh District, but hav- 
ing been a Republican all his lifetime he went back to 
his old love in 1878, and has been active in the party ever 
since. 

In 1881 he was elected Commissioner of Cook County 
by the Republicans of the second district, composed of 
Lake View, Niles, Evanston, New Trier, Jefferson, North- 
field and Norwood Park. He has a comfortable home in 
the village of Niles Centre, and has hosts of friends . 

JOHN E. VAN PELT. 

Commissioner Van Pelt recognized by his admirers as 
the Napoleon of the County Board, was born in Burling- 
ton, N. J., July 23, 1836. In Jerseyville, 111., whither 
his family removed, he attended school and engaged in the 
grain and lumber business with success. A Democrat 
always, Mr. Van Pelt from the outset manifested a deep 
interest in the success of his party. In 1862 he was 
elected Treasurer of Jersey county, and held the position 
four years. In 1873 he was elected Mayor of Jerseyville, 
on the citizens ticket. In 1874 he entered the grain and 
commission business in Chicago. He is serving his first 
term on the County Board, and is Chairman of the Com- 
mittee on Public Service and on Public Charities. He 
has been a strenuous worker. Mr. Van Pelt secured much 
distinction by taking the power out of the hands of the 
Republican Chairman of the Board and securing the lion's 
share for the Democratic party on the several committees. 
In 1882 he was elected Chairman of the Cook County cen- 
tral committee, and was succeeded by Alderman Colvin, 



THE COUlirTY BOAKD. 257 

JAMES j. M'CARTHY. 

James J. McCarthy, one of the most useful and pop- 
ular members of the County Board, was born in Spring- 
field, Mass., May 3, 1847. In 1853 he came with his par- 
ents to Chicago. He received his education at the public 
schools, and his first employment was with Tobey & 
Booth, at the stock yards. In 1863 he accepted a situa- 
tion from Nelson Morris, the packer, and was given the 
management of his employer's business in Chicago . In 
1869 Mr. Morris sent him to forward his interests at Buf- 
faly, N. Y. In 1871 he returned to Chicago, remained 
with Mr. Morris until he formed a co-partnership in the 
live stock business with M. E. Gregor. He was elected 
Cook County Commissioner in 1884 by a large majority. 

DANIEL J. WREN. 

The good-natured County Commissioner was born in 
Tralee, County Kerry, Ireland, in 1856, but as he has re- 
sided in Chicago since he was nine years of age, he almost 
regards the Garden City as his birth-place. He received 
his education at the old Dearborn school, where a mam- 
moth business block now stands on Madison street near 
Dearborn, and his home at that time was a humble little 
cottage where McVickers Theater now stands . His first 
business was teaming, and many a thousand brick has his 
team carted for Henry T. Jones, the brick manufacturer. 
Subsequently he engaged in the livery business, and finally 
drifted into the real estate and building business. Being 
a shrewd business man Mr. Wren's efforts were a financial 
success, and he soon gained a comfortable fortune. He 
was married to Miss Katie Connelly, a Chicago girl. 
The Commissioner is regarded by the press in the County 
Board as a reformer . 



17 



258 THE POLITICAL HISTORY OF CHICAGO. 

PETEK FORTUNE. 

Peter Fortune was born in Roundtown, just out- 
side the city of Dublin, and when very young went to 
Dublin where he went to work for a grocer. This 
was in 1850. In 1856, after considerable travel through 
the country, Mr. Fortune found himself the proprietor of 
a grocery store at the corner of Polk and Desplaines streets. 
In 1857 he moved to the corner of Harrison and Desplaines 
streets and there pushed a lucrative business in conjunc- 
tion with other ventures. He was proprietor of a place at 
the corner of Desplaines and Randolph, and also at the 
corner of Market and Lake. He was for a time connected 
with John O'Neill's brewery on South Water street. When 
his father died he went home to Ireland ; and outside of 
this short respite, his business life has been one of con- 
tinued activity. 

In 1865 he started brewing, and from 1866 up to 1876 
transacted a great ale trade. In 1876, notwithstanding the 
fact that the Germans had monopolized the traffic, he com- 
menced the manufacture of lager. Today he is doing an 
extraordinary business and his immense buildings at the 
South-west corner of Van Buren and Desplaines streets are 
ample evidence of the fact. 

HENRY HEMMELGARM 

County Commissioner Hemmelgarm was born in Hano- 
ver, Germany, in 1830. Here he was brought up and 
worked at the blacksmithing trade up to November, 1852, 
when he came to New Orleans. Here he followed his 
trade as well for a short time after 1853, when he came 
to Chicago. His first business experience in this city was 
with the firm of Seckle & Co., produce and commission 
merchants, in the West Division. He subsequently acted as 
salesman for E. Seckle & Co., on Kinzie street for nine 
years. He finally established himself in the produce and 



THE COUNTY BOARD. 259 

commission business at 201 Kinzie street, where he is push- 
ing a most prosperous trade. 

Among the new commissioners he was elected in the 
fall of 1885 not one probably takes more interest in the 
public welfare. Shortly after his election he was a constant 
attendant at the investigation of the State Board of Chari- 
ties into the condition of the insane asylum at Jefferson. 

FRANK N1ESEN. 

Commissioner Frank Niesen was born in the Ehenish 
province of Wittlich, Germany, December 25, 1829, and 
emerging from the provincial school with honor, achieved 
a creditable record in the high school of his native place, 
in April 20, 1 854. Frank, who was the eldest of a family 
of eight children, left his birthplace for America, and on 
June 17, 1854 he made Chicage his adopted home. After a 
year's experience in a South Water street vinegar factory, 
he entered the employ of John Palmer & Co. at 146 Kin- 
zie street, and with this firm and their successors he was 
connected for ten years. With the savings of those years 
he established a vinegar factory of his own at 124 Goethe 
street, and at the same time formed a co-partnership with 
ex-Commissioner John Herting at 26 Chicago avenue, 
which thrived well up to the time of the great fire of 1871. 
The flames of that furious fire not only melted the effects 
of the firm, but dissolved the co-partnership as well. His 
heavy losses in the conflagration only strengthened Mr. 
Niesen to renewed effort. The smoke had hardly cleared 
away when he established himself at 756 Halsted, near 
Willow, in company with Mr. Dieden. The firm dis- 
solved subsequently and Mr. Niesen has conducted the 
business to the present day. He has been very successful. 

Politically, Commissioner Niesen has been very fortunate. 
In 1876 when under the charter of 1872 thirty-six aldermen 
were elected at once, he was elected by the larger majority 



260 THE POLITICAL HISTORY OF CHICAGO. 

to represent the fifteenth ward in the City Council. He 
drew the short term, but was reflected in 1877. In 1879 
and 1880 he was elected collector for the North Town of 
Chicago. In 1883 he was elected County Commissioner, 
and though he is a Democrat he has invariably commanded 
many Republican and other votes. The Commissioner cele- 
brated his silver wedding in 1881 and hopes to celebrate his 
golden wedding in 1906. His family is a long-lived one. 

R. s. M'CLAUGHREY. 

Richard S . McClaughrey represents the town of Palos 
in the Cook County Board . He was elected independent- 
ly. The Commissioner was born in Onondaga county, 
N. Y., in 1822, and aside from a chequered experience on 
the Pacific coast, a trip to which region in 1850 consumed 
sixty-four days, his whole life has been spent upon a farm. 
He is the proprietor of 600 acres in Palos. In 1862 Mr. 
McClaughrey enlisted in the 100th Illinois Regiment under 
Colonel Bartleton, and among other battles participated in 
the engagements at Stone River, Chickamauga, Mission 
Ridge, and Resaca. He received a hip wound at Mission 
Ridge. For three years the Commissioner was a Trustee 
for the town of Blue Island . 

M. R. LEYDEN. 

Michael Richard Leyden, County Commissioner, re- 
ceived the highest vote polled in the very interesting cam- 
paign in which he figured. He was born in the city of 
Sligo, Ireland, in 1853, and when he was three years of 
age his family located in Chicago . He first attended the 
Kinzie school in the North Division, then St. John's Paro- 
chial school, and finally the Mosley school, in the South 
Division. When about 16 years of age Mr. Leyden visit- 
ed Texas in the interests of Hancock & Cragin, the well 
known packers. After a brief stay, in 1870, he returned 
to Chicago, and engaged his services as a salesman to John 



THE COUNTY BOARD. 261 

O'Malley, who prosecuted a flourishing meat trade on Kin- 
zie street. In 1872 he went into the meat business for 
himself at No. 11 West Jackson, where he is now locatad. 
As a business man Mr . Leyden has been uniformly suc- 
cessful . His first political race was made in 1879, when 
circumstances conspired to defeat him . In 1883 he was 
overwhelmingly elected County Commissioner. 

JOHN HANKEGAN. 

Commissioner Hannigan was born April 5, 1840, in the 
Parish of Rore, Kilkenny, Ireland . "When he was eight 
years of age the family came to Albany, N. Y., and a 
short time thereafter the future Commissioner commenced 
active life as a bell-boy . He worked hard in three hotels, 
the Exchange, the Stanwick Hall, and the Delavan House, 
and his early experiences proved very useful to him in af- 
ter life, when he conducted a hostlery of his own . Unim- 
portant as his position was, it was yet a good school for the 
study of human nature . It is a well known fact that Mr. 
Hannigan's judgment of men's character is considerably 
above the average. In 1855 he came to Chicago, and was 
first employed as a bartender in a North Water street hotel. 
In 1857, in company with Lawrence Lynch, now dead, he 
established a place at 28 North Wells street, but shortly 
sold out to go to New Orleans. Sickness, however, caused 
his hurried return to Chicago. This was in 1859, when he 
engaged his services to William Cox, the proprietor of the 
Girard House, which stood near the Michigan Central 
Railroad depot, at the foot of South Water street . In 1861 
he established a hotel at the corner of West Water and 
Cook streets, and 1865 the Commercial Hotel on Sherman 
street. The great fire of 1871 swallowing up these premi- 
ses, he started the Depot House on West Water and Cook 
streets, and in 1873 the North-Western Hotel, near the Chi- 
cago & North-Western Railroad depot. In 1881 he located at 



262 THE POLITICAL IIISTOIC1' OF CHICAGO. 

14 North Wells street, where he is at the present time 
transacting a nourishing business. He was elected Coun- 
ty Commissioner by about the largest majority given . 

THOMAS F. BAILEY. 

Thomas Francis Bailey, Clerk of the County Board, 
was born in Lough Gur, Limerick, Ireland, in 1842. 
When eleven years of age he came to Bradford county, 
Pa., and worked on a farm. In 1856 he came to Chicago 
and became general foreman in Shufeldt's Distillery. He 
represented the Ninth ward, at one time, in the City 
Council. . 

DAVID MCCARTHY. 

The Deputy Clerk of the County Board is one of the 
best known young men around the city, and is an accom- 
plished public officer. The McCarthy family is one of the 
oldest and most honored in the city. Mr. McCarthy was 
born in Chicago, November 14, 1846, and is a brother-in- 
law of Michael Keeley, the extensive brewer, and a man 
whose name is intimately identified with the most prom- 
inent enterprises, political, social and otherwise. Mr. 
Keeley was a member of the City Council, and was spoken 
of several times as a candidate for the county treasurer- 
ship and other offices of public trust. He presided at the 
great demonstration in Battery "D" when so successful 
an appeal was made to Irish-Americans to aid Charles 
Stewart Parnell in his brilliant parliamentary struggle for 
justice to Ireland. 

JAMES C. STRAIN. 

The urbane Committee Clerk of the County Board was 
born February 12, 1848, in Dublin, Ireland. When a 
year old, his family came to New York city and placed 
him in the public schools of the metropolis. Coming to 
Chicago in the spring of 1868, in 1870 James C. entered 
the straw-goods business, and continued therein up to 



THE COUNTY BOARD. 26o 

1878. From October, 1879, to September 1, 1883, he was 
employed in the water office by the city, and while there 
had charge of a division, and won the well-merited praise 
of his superior officers and the firm friendship of his associ- 
ates. He then assumed his present position. 

WILLIAM j. M'GARIGLE. 

The warden of Cook County Hospital was born in Mil- 
waukee, Wis., September 12. 1850, and after an experience 
>*in the public schools graduated in the German and Eng- 
lish Academy of his native place. His first effort in busi- 
ness was as a confidential servant of the United States 
Express Company; the handling of large sums of money, 
being constantly intrusted to him. He subsequently filled 
an equally responsible position in the employ of the Chi- 
cago, Milwaukee & St. Paul Railroad. He married Miss 
Anna Bodmer, of Milwaukee, in November, 1870. 

Mr. McGarigle joined the Chicago police force in 1872, 
and was assigned to duty at Webster avenue station. 
From 1873 to 1875 he acted at headquarters in the dual 
capacity of Clerk of Detectives and Secretary under Elmer 
Washburne. It was a most arduous position, for these 
days were very stormy; the stormiest in fact in the police 
history of Chicago. A conflict raged between Mayor 
Medill, vested with the one man power under the charter 
of 1872, and the Board of Police Commissioners. Wash- 
burne was Chief of Police under Mayor Medill, and Dr. 
Ward the Secretary of the Board of Police was acting 
Superintendent of Police under the jurisdiction of that 
organization. In 1875 he was promoted to the lieutenancy 
and made Chief of Detectives, when the City Council gave 
him the rank of Captain, with additional pay. When act- 
ing as Secretary, Mr. McGarigle suggested to Chief of 
Police Hickey who came in under Heath's administration 
the propriety of placing boxes like the fire alarm instru- 




264 



THE COUNTY BOAKD. 265 

ments so that the police could be called upon by electri- 
city a suggestion which eventually led to the establish- 
ment of the patrol system. The telephone at this time 
had not been developed. Interviews with Professor Bar- 
rett of the fire alarm service, Fire Marshal Swenie, and 
others finally led to the establishment of the Police Patrol 
Service during Mr. McGarigle's first year as Superintend- 
ent. Illustrations of this important system are found 
elsewhere. In 1879 he was transferred to the old police 
station at the corner of Madison and Union streets, to take 
charge of the third precinct. 

In the fall of 1879 Mr. McGarigle was appointed Gen- 
eral Superintendent by Mayor Harrison. As such he 
created Austin J. Doyle, who was secretary, the first In- 
spector of police, an office now filled Under Chief 
Ebersold by John Bonfield. In 1880 he made Dr. Hen- 
rotiri surgeon of the Police Department, and through his 
professional services made nurses out of the police force, 
and the patrol wagon a veritable drug store on wheels. It 
may be stated right here that " Old Darby," now in the 
fire alarm telegraph service was the first animal that ever 
pulled a patrol wagon. It is highly creditable to "Darby" 
as every city in the world is following Chicago with the 
patrol wagon. May "Darby's" shadow never grow less. 
In the spring of 1882 Mr. McGarigle visited the capitals of 
the old world, and submitted the result of his observations 
to the City Council, which dignified him with an unani- 
mous vote of thanks and commendation. 

He concluded his report as follows : 

" In closing this portion of my report I am compelled 
to say and do it with the greatest pleasure, as a tribute due 
a faithful body of men that in all my travels I have no- 
where seen a finer class of men as to physique and intelli- 
gence, than those who compose the force of our own city, 
both in size and in their bearing ; and when on duty their 



266 THE POLITICAL HISTORY OF CHICAGO. 

appearance is far superior to any of the police forces which 
I have had the pleasure to see during my absence." 

In the fall of 1882 he resigned, to accept the Democratic 
nomination to the shrievalty, and carried the city, but was 
defeated. On September 1, 1883, he was appointed War- 
den of the Cook County hospital, and as such, decreased 
the mortality as is well known, from 11 to 7^ per cent. 

Mr. McGarigle's career has been phenomenal for a man 
of thirty-six. President Cleveland came very near appoint- 
ing him United States Marshal for the northern district of 
Illinois. He was one of the chief instruments in locating 
the Democratic National convention in Chicago ; was 
chairman of the National Finance committee and was chief 
Marshal of all the Democratic hosts in Cook county; and 
was twice elected President of the Police Association of 
the United States. 

Mr. McGarigle is one of the organizers of the Chicago 
Sectional Underground Wire Company, and was its first 
secretary. 

Great improvement is apparent in the County Hospital 
since Mr. McGarigle's advent. The electric communica- 
tion with each and every one of the wards of the immense 
institution, which is conceded by the world's travelers to 
be the finest hospital in the world, including the Vienna 
Hospital, and the magnificent precautions against fire are 
high tributes to Mr. McGarigle's inventive genius. The 
County Hospital was never before managed more skill- 
fully, and several members of the State Board of Charity 
last year in an interview stated that they had never seen bet- 
ter management and discipline in an institution of the kind. 




THE COUNTY BOARD. 267 

JOHN F. DOHEETY. 

The Chief Clerk of the County Hospital was born in 
Brooklyn, N. Y., December 29, 1853. The family 
moving to Chicago when he was but two years of age, he 
was sent to St. Patrick's school. At thirteen he went to 
Oilman, and at twenty to the state normal at Normal, 111. 
He taught school for three years at Havana, 111., and at 
El Paso. In 1879 he came to the hospital, and has worked 
for three wardens. In the spring or 1882 he served in the 
office of Joseph Sokup, the West Town Assessor. 

EDWAED MCDONALD. 

The Engineer of the County hospital was born May 1, 
1845, in Niagara Falls, N. Y. In 1861 he removed t9 
Chicago, and in 1863 he went to New York City. He 
sailed the ocean for twelve years, visiting Havana, Lisal and 
Vera Cruz. He was four years with the engineer for the 
New York and Mexican mail line. In 1865-6 he sailed 
from New York to Boston for the Neptune line. In 1872 
he was Chief Engineer of the steamship City of San Anto- 
nio, which cruised between New York and Galveston. In 
1874 he went to Baricoa, Cuba, in the tug Mohawk, 17 
tons burden, a distance of one thousand six hundred and 
fifty miles. For two years he was Engineer of the New 
York Herald and Bennett buildings. In 1877 he came to 
Chicago and was appointed Engineer in the House of Cor- 
rection. He retired to assume his present duties. 
The following are County Hospital attaches : 
Physicians and Surgeons Regular School Medical 
Board. Drs. A. J. Baxter, T. W. Miller, J. B. Murphy, 
W. P. Lee, Chr. Fenger, each three months' service ; F. 
S. Smith, G. M. Hutchinson, E. St. John, W. P. Verity, 
D. A. K. Steele, W. T. Bellfield, S. A. Me Williams, 
Cotton, each six months' service ; P. J. Rowan, Coey, 



268 THE POLITICAL HISTORY OF CHICAGO. 

Nolan, H. C. Curber, N. Briggs, F. Henrotin, Geo. H. 
Randall, each four months' service ; John Guerin, F. C. 
Schafer. 

Homeopathic Medical Board. Surgeons : Drs. Chas. 
Adams, Sherra, Newman. 

Physicians : Drs. A. W. Burnside, J. S. Mitchell, 
Woodward. 

Gynecologists : Dr. Streator. 

House Staff Eegular School. House Surgeons: M. 
L . Harris, W . G . Clarke . House Physicians : Elbert 
Wing, E. P. Davis. Senior Assistants to House Physi- 
cians: C. B. Wood, Chas. Davison. Junior Assistants 
to House Surgeon : G . D . Shaver, T . E . McDermott . 
Junior Assistant to House Surgeons : C . M . Coe, W . H . 
Weaver. Junior Assistants to House Physicians : Hugh 
Menzies, E. G. Epler. Superintendent of Training 
School : Miss M . E . Hemple . 

List of Employes permanently engaged in Hospital : 
Warden, Wm. McGarigle; Chief Engineer, E. S. Mc- 
Donald ; Assistant Engineer, D . T . Boyle ; Chief Clerk, 
J. T. Doherty ; Assistant Day Clerks, T. A. Parker, J. 
J. Mahoney ; Assistant Night Clerks, C. Cummings, F. B. 
Marooney ; Messenger, C . Potter ; Druggist, F . R . Mur- 
phy ; Storekeeper, G . Ashman ; Assistant Storekeeper, 
Robt . Jamison ; Housekeeper, Mary J . Fugerson ; Bath 
room Clerk, H. Gahagan. 

Besides the above there are employed in the hospital 
the folowing : Carpenters, 3 ; painters, 4 ; plumbers, 1 ; 
firemen and assistants in boiler room, 8 ; nurses, (male) 
15; drivers of ambulance, etc., 4; morgue keepers, 2; 
scale men, 1 ; elevator men, 4 ; laborers, 6 ; porters, 2 ; 
gatekeepers, 1 ; cooks and kitchen employes, 6 ; bakers' 
assistants, 3 ; laundry employe's, 10 ; linen room employe's, 
4 ; dining room employes, 6 ; chamber maids, 3 ; scrub- 
bing maids, 18 ; druggists' messenger, 1 ; night watch- 



THE COUNTY BOARD. 269 

man, 1 ; door keepers, 2 ; Miss Hampton, superinten- 
dent of nurses. 

House Surgeons. Drs. Keith, Davis, Black, Mitchell, 
Jr., Chandler. House Physicians : Drs. Bridge, Van 
Hook, Caldwell, Smith, Jr., Post, Plummer, Prickerd. 
House Gynecologists : Drs. Benauer, Spoche, Obs, 
Hibbard. 

HA KEY A. VAENELL. 

The popular Warden of the Cook County Insane Asylum 
was born in Frankville, Iowa, February 13, 1852, and was 
an only child. In 1854 his father John H. brought the 
family to Chicago, and engaged in the lumber and com- 
mission business. Harry carried his school books from 
the family residence in the old brown row on the corner of 
Madison and State streets to the old Dearborn school, 
where the Inter Ocean Building now stands. He subse- 
quently attended the old Jones school at the corner of 
Clark and Harrison and the Brown school, corner of Wood 
street and Warren avenue. His father dying when our 
subject was thirteen, Harry became the sole support of his 
mother. He entered the dry-goods house of Potter 
Palmer, on Lake street near Clark as a cash boy, and by 
industry and thrift was in the meat business for himself at 
the age of sixteen. When quite young he married Miss 
Lillie Favor, daughter of Mr. Fred Favor, who served with 
credit in the Chicago Board of Trade Battery during 
the war. Mr. Varnell withdrawing from the meat trade, 
traveled for years for the Hall Safe & Lock Company, the 
Mosler Lock Company, and the Cincinnati Lock Com- 
pany. On September 1, 1884, he accepted his present 
position. He is a sturdy Democrat and is a power in the 
seventh ward. 

JAMES O'BEIEN. 

County Agent O'Brien, was generally considered one of 
the very best men for the arduous position he holds. The 



270 THE POLITICAL H1STOKY OF CHICAGO. 

requirements of the office are peculiar ; while a man must 
by nature sympathize with people in distress the quality of 
discernment is imperatively necessary to a proper admin- 
istration. Many impostors call upon the County Agent. 
Mr. O'Brien was born in the county of Wexford, Ireland, 
July 25, 1842. Coming to Chicago, he first coupled cars 
and was soon appointed yard-master for the Chicago, Bur- 
lington & Quincy Railroad Company. Thereafter he 
entered the retail liquor business, but retired from the 
traffic some time ago. He served three terms in the City 
Council. 

NICHOLAS ECKHARDT. 

The Assistant County Agent was born in Germany in 
1832, and at the age of seventeen came to Chicago. He 
adopted the carpenter trade at once and also connected 
himself with the Fire Department. He was a pipeman on 
the " Queen," and afterward on the " Brown." 

Mr. Eckhardt is one of our most prominent German 
Americans, and is gifted with a happy disposition. He 
represented the fifteenth ward in the City Council, having 
been elected in 1872 on an independent ticket. 

CONEAD FOLZ.- 

Conrad Folz, the veteran jailor of Cook county, was 
born in Bavaria in 1827, and when twenty -two arrived in 
New York. As early as 1851, after a look around the 
country, he came to Chicago in the "Wisconsin." He 
took contracts for streets in Holstein, and at once accumu- 
lated wealth and prosperity. Under Mayor Dyer he was 
placed in charge of the fire-alarm bell, and kept it up until 
1861, when he resigned because of reduction of salaries 
under Mayor Wentworth. When A. C. Hesing was ap- 
pointed Sheriff he became jailor. He has served fourteen 
years under eight Sheriffs, and is now serving under the 
ninth . Under the firm name of Driesel & Folz, Mr. Folz 



THE COUNTY BOARD. 271 

is engaged in the manufacture of cans for dried fruit at 
Nos. 413 and 415 Larrabee street. 

T. J. BLUTHARDT. 

Theodore J . Bluthardt, whose name is a household word 
among the German people, is County Physician. The 
Doctor was born in Neuenburg, Prussia, in 1837. At the 
age of twelve, emerging from the public school, he entered 
the gymnasium in Konitz, where he ended his studies at 
the age of eighteen. He at once came to the United 
States; in 1858 commencing the study of medicine with 
Dr. Max. Meyers in Chicago. He applied himself so 
earnestly that in March, 1861, he graduated distinguish- 
edly in the Lind University, now the Chicago National 
College. He proceeded to Boston to complete his scholas- 
tic career, but the war of the rebellion arising, he could 
not resist the impulse of taking an active part in the salva- 
tion of his adopted country. He accordingly entered the 
army as assistant surgeon of the First Illinois Cavalry, and 
was in active service at once . At the battle of Lexington 
he was wounded in the abdomen and taken prisoner with 
Mulligan. Released, he was sent on hospital duty to the 
Fifth Street Hospital in St. Louis, in charge of Surgeon 
John T. Hodgem, the eminent practitioner yet located 
there. On April 1, 1862, by order of General Halleck, he 
was promoted to the surgeonship of the Twenty-Third 
-Missouri Infantry Volunteers for his services at Lexington. 
As such he served at Shiloh, and generally accompanied 
the Army of the Cumberland until forced to resign during 
the Atlanta campaign by reason of his wound, which dis- 
qualified him from riding horseback. He was then under 
a special recommendation of General Eosecrans, appointed 
by Governor Yates, Surgeon of the 144th Illinois Infantry, 
serving from 1864 to 1865, also as post surgeon at Alton, 
Illinois. In 1865 he resumed the practice of medicine in 



272 THE POLITICAL HISTORY OF CHICAGO. 

Chicago. In December, 1866, he was appointed County 
Physician . In 1869 he was elected to the County Board, 
of which he was made Chairman in a short time. During 
his term he was a member of the Board of Education. In 
1870 he was elected Town Supervisor of the West Town of 
Chicago. In 1872 Mayor Medill appointed him a mem- 
ber of the City Board of Education, which position he 
held up to 1876. In December, 1879, he was elected to 
his present office. Dr. Bluthardt has been many times 
President of the Germania Maennerchor, and he was Vice- 
President of the Board of Directors of the North American 
Sangerbund at their twenty-second festival. 



FEDERAL OFFICERS. 



KANSOM W. DUNHAM. 

The Congressman from the first congressional district 
is Ransom "W. Dunham. The gentleman was born in 
Savoy, Mass., March 21, 1838. He received most of his 
education in the common schools and closed his studies at 
the High School at Springfield, Mass. He entered the 
office of the Massachusetts Mutual Life Insurance Com- 
pany in 1855, and remained there until April 1, 1857, 
when he removed to Chicago and engaged in the grain and 
provision business. He was President of the Board of 
Trade of Chicago in 1882, was elected to the Forty-eighth 
Congress as a Republican, receiving 11,571 votes against 
10,534 for John W. Doane, Democrat, and 644 votes for 
A. J. Grover, Greenbacker, and was reelected. 

FKANK LAWLEK. 

The Congressman from the second district, and the suc- 
cessor of the brilliant Finerty was born in Rochester, 
N. Y., June 25, 1842. At the age of fourteen he was car- 
rying newspapers for John R. Walsh, President of the 
Western News Company; became a newsboy on the rail- 
road and then drifted into the ship-caulking business. He 
was soon President of the Protective Association of his 
trade and was reelected; when the eight hour question 
arose he became general agent of the Workingman's Advo- 
cate,a,r\d was at once recognized as the champion of the work- 
ing classes. Not long afterward he was appointed a letter- 
carrier by General McArthur, was transferred to the regis- 
try department, and resigned when he became Alderman 
18 '. 273 



274 THE POLITICAL HISTORY OF CHICAGO. 

of the eighth ward. He was elected to represent this 
ward five consecutive times. In the council Mr. Lawler 
has always been the friend of the toilers. He presented 
the ordinance closing the bridges from six to seven in the 
morning and half past five to half past six in the evening, 
for the benefit of the laboring class; offered the ordinance 
forbidding the employment of children in factories un- 
der twelve years of age ; insisted upon the tax-fighters 
coming to the front, and was most energetic in his oppo- 
sition to convict labor. Among other recognitions he re- 
ceived the following : 

INTERNATIONAL TYPOGRAPHICAL UNION, ) 
DETROIT, Mich., June 7, 1878. ) 

The following resolution was adopted by the International Typo- 
graphical Union in convention assembled (delegates being present 
from all the cities in the United States, the territories, and Canada) in 
the city of Detroit, Mich., on the day and date above mentioned: 

Resolved, That the thanks of the International Typographical 
Union are hereby tendered to Alderman Frank Lawler, of the Com- 
mon Council of the city of Chicago, for his successful and energetic 
opposition to the employment of convict labor on the new City Hall 
of that city. DARWIN R. STREETER, Pres., 

JOHN H. O'DoNNELL, Sec.-Treas. 

Congressman Lawler was nominated Sept. 6, 1884, at 
WestphaiFs Hall, by the Democratic convention. He was 
elected by a majority of 2,410 in one of the largest Dem- 
ocractic districts in the country. 

JAMES H. WARD. 

The Congressman from the third district, and suc- 
cessor to Col. George R. Davis, was born in Chicago, on 
the southwest corner of Madison and Halsted streets, and 
is about thirty-three years of age. He attended St. 
Patrick's School, and graduated at Notre Dame Univer- 
sity, Indiana. Emerging from the institution with high 
honors, he adopted the profession of law, and when he was 



FEDERAL OFFICERS. 275 

elected to congress by the flattering vote of the third dis- 
trict he was transacting a lucrative practice in the Metro- 
politan Block. He was offered the Presidency of the 
Young Democracy, but declined. 

GEORGE E. ADAMS. 

George Everett Adams, Congressman of the fourth 
congressional district, was born June 18, 1840, at Keene, 
N. H. He graduated at Harvard when twenty years of 
age, and immediately commenced the study of law at Dane 
Law School, at Cambridge, Mass., was subsequently ad- 
mitted to the bar, and has since practiced his profession. 
In November, 1880, he was elected State Senator of 
Illinois from the sixth district, but resigned March 3, 
1883, having been elected to the Forty-eighth Congress as 
a Republican. He was reelected. 

LAMBERT TREE. 

Our Minister to Belgium, Judge Lambert Tree, was born 
in Washington City, District of Columbia, November 29, 
1832. Here he was educated, graduating at Columbia 
College. Soon after this event he studied law in the office 
of James M. Carlisle, leader at that time of the Washing- 
ton bar. He spent two years thereafter in the law school 
of the University of Virginia. In the fall of 1855 he was 
admitted to the bar, and immediately came to Chicago. 
This city has been his home ever since. 

Six months after his arrival our subject formed a co- 
partnership with Joseph P. Clarkson, which continued for 
a number of years. He practiced law continually until 1871, 
when he visited Europe. He was President of the Law In- 
stitute at the time. In 1871 he was elected Judge of the Cir- 
cuit Court, to fill the unexpired term of Hon. William K. 
McAllister, who was elevated to the supreme bench of Illinois. 
On the expiration of this term he was reelected without op- 
position a magnificent tribute to his judicial character. In 



276 THE POLITICAL HISTORY OF CHICAGO 

1875, his health failing, Judge Tree resigned and spent 
four years in foreign travel, visiting every spot in Europe. 
In 1878, while absent, he was nominated for Congress for 
the fourth district by the Democrats, and declined. His 
party, however, insisted on retaining his name upon the 
ticket, cast an immense vote for him, but he was defeated. 
He hardly counted on victory, as the district is one of the 
largest republican strongholds in the state. His opponent 
was Hiram Barber. In 1882 he was again unanimously 
nominated for the same district, but was defeated by 
George E. Adams, the present incumbent. In 1884 he 
was a delegate-at-large to the Democratic National Con- 
vention, held at Chicago. President Cleveland appointed 
Judge Tree Minister to Belgium, July 9, 1885. 

At the session of the General Assembly of Illinois, of 
1884-85, after the withdrawal of Col. Morrison, Judge 
Tree was unanimously nominated by the Democrats in the 
Legislature as their candidate for the United States Senate 
against Gen. John A. Logan, the Republican candidate, 
and on joint ballot lacked but one vote of election. 

Judge Lambert Tree donated to the city $700, from the 
proceeds of which a medal is to be struck and awarded 
annually for the bravest deed of a fireman or police officer. 
This donation was duplicated by Mayor Harrison on Octo- 
ber 6, so that a medal may go to one member of each of the 
the two departments annually. 

JAMES T. HEALY. 

The selection by President Cleveland of James T. 
Healy for the very responsible position of Sub-Treasurer 
was a genuine surprise to the recipient. There were many 
aspirants for the office, but everybody conceded that Mr. 
Healy was not one of them. 

Mr. Healy was born in Chicago, February 16, 1846, 
and represents a family known to the early settlers of the 



FEDERAL OFFICERS. 277 

northwest as one of the best in the category of worth. 
Educated in Chicago, Mr. Healy became a business man 
in a very brief period. He first kept books for Nash & Co., 
commission merchants. His experience here in general 
business transactions induced him to form a co-partnership 
with a Mr. Stevens in the lumber traffic. Subsequently he 
engaged in the pork-packing business under the firm 
name of Moran & Healy. He was busy attending to the 
business of this firm when unexpectedly notified that he 
was appointed Sub-Treasurer. 

While manifesting a commendable interest in politics, 
Mr. Healy has never sought office. Sheriff Hoffman se- 
lected him as Chief Deputy on business principles. He 
served four years as a member of the Board of Education. 

F. H. MAESH. 

The United States Marshal for the northern district of 
Illinois, Frank H. Marsh, was born in Dover, England, 
September 7, 1843, and when a youth came to this coun- 
try. At the age of eighteen, having received his educa- 
tion at Eock Kiver Seminary, at Mount Morris, Ogle 
County, Illinois, our subject entered the union army as a 
private . He enlisted in the Fifteenth Illinois, afterward 
the Forty-Sixth. His first battle was at fort Donnelson, and 
for meritorious conduct at Pittsburg Landing and other 
famous battles, he was promoted to a captaincy. He 
served throughout the war, participating in every battle 
fought by this regiment. 

Resuming civil life, he engaged in the book and news 
trade up to 1869, when he became general agent for the 
American Express Company, at Oregon, Illinois. He was 
shortly elected Representative of his district in the Twen- 
ty-eighth and Twenty-ninth General Assembly, and in 
1883 was elected Sheriff of the county. His majority was 
900 on the Democratic ticket, where the Eepublicans 



278 THE POLITICAL HISTORY OF CHICAGO. 

elected his predecessor by 2,100 majority. The Marshal 
has always been a Democrat, casting his first vote for 
Seymour, and his prominence in the party has ever been 
strongly recognized. In June, 1885, he was appointed by 
President Cleveland United States Marshal, and his papers 
on file in Washington bear the indorsement of Republi- 
cans as well as Democrats. 

Mr. Marsh's superiority as Sheriff of Ogle county justi- 
fies the prediction that he will make an almost unrivaled 
United States Marshal for the northern district of Illinois. 

RENSSELAER STONE. 

The collector of internal revenue was born August 14, 
1830, in Oneida county, N. Y. He received his education 
at academies in Vernon and Lowville, Lewis county, N. Y. 
In the East he was known as a flourishing commission 
merchant. In 1859 he came to Chicago where in the 
firm of Bates, Stone & Co. his business enterprise material- 
ly contributed to one of the largest mercantile structures in 
the Northwest. He is one of the most prominent members 
of the Board of Trade with which he has been associated 
for twenty-six years last past, and has always been active 
in Democratic politics. His appointment by President 
Cleveland is dated September 10, 1885. 

A. F. SEEBERGER. 

The dignified Collector of the port of Chicago has been 
all his life a business man in every sense of the word, and 
was selected by President Cleveland as a representative of 
the German element which assisted in his election. 

He was born in 1829 in Wetzlar, on the river Lahn, in 
Germany. Coming to America when very young he rapid- 
ly became identified with our commercial institutions and 
the fact that he is the senior member of the hardware 
establishment of Seeberger, Breakey & Co., sufficiently at- 
tests his great business success. 



FEDERAL OFFICERS. 279 

PHILIP A. HOYNE. 

The United States Commissioner was born in New 
York, November 20, 1825, and is the son of an Irish 
patroit. Exiled from his country at the age of thirteen he 
entered a book binding and printing establishment, but 
abandoned the business in 1841, when he entered the law 
office of his brother Thomas Hoyne. From 1842 to 1844 
he kept books in Galena and dabbled in mining. In 1844 
he came to Chicago as an agent for the St. Louis Fur Com- 
pany, and in 1851 permanently located here. In 1853 he 
was elected the first clerk of the Recorder's Court for five 
years. In 1855 he was admitted to the bar, and in 1868 to 
the Supreme Court of the United States. On January 9, 
1855, he was made United States Commissioner for the 
district of Illinois and is the oldest in the service in the 
Northwest . 

He is Commissioner of Deeds of every state and ter- 
ritory, the provinces of Canada and British America, the 
District of Columbia, and represents the United States 
Court of Claims, the Court of Commissioners of Alabama, 
and French and American claims. He is a prominent 
member of many societies. 

ELIJAH B. SHERMAN. 

This gentleman was appointed as Master in Chancery 
in the United States courts in 1879. He is of Anglo- 
Welsh descent and was born in Fairfield, Vt., June 13, 
1832. In 1854 he entered a drug store in Brandon, Vt. 
In 1860 he graduated from Middleborough College. He 
was the poet for the junior exhibition and also at the 
graduation exercises. In 1862 he enlisted in the Ninth 
Vermont Infantry and became a Lieutenant. In 1864 he 
graduated in law. In 1876 he was elected in the fourth sen- 
atorial district and again in 1878. Among other positions 
of dignity and trust filled by Mr. Sherman may be men- 



280 THE POLITICAL HISTORY OF CHICAGO. 

tioned, the Grand Mastership of the Grand Lodge of Odd 
Fellows; memberships in the Chicago Philosophical Society; 
Chicago Bar Association; Chicago Law Institute, and State 
Bar Association. 

The Grant memorial address pronounced by Elijah B. 
Sherman ranks among the best extant. 

MAKIAN A. MULLIGAN. 

This lady is pension agent at Chicago, her application 
for the very responsible position having been indorsed by 
the leading men of the city and the state, regardless of 
politics. Mrs. Mulligan is the eldest daughter of Michael 
and Alice Grant Nugent, and was born in Liverpool, 
England, September 14, 1841. She might be said to be a 
Chicagoan, as she was a mere child when her parents set- 
tled here. She was educated at St. Xavier's Academy, and 
when fifteen, after her father's death, she became a boarder 
at Miss Sarah J. Hale's school for young ladies at Philadel- 
phia. On October 20, 1859, she was married to James A. 
Mulligan, a young lawyer of great promise, who on the 
outbreak of the war of the rebellion abandoned his law 
books to unsheathe his sword in defense of the Union. 
He organized the Twenty-third Illinois Volunteers, subse- 
quently known as the Irish Brigade, whose exploits on the 
field can never be forgotten so long as American history 
remains. 

Mrs. Mulligan accompanied her husband in his cam- 
paigns, and after his surrender at Lexington, in 1861, 
shared his captivity. He was held prisoner by General 
Sterling Price. In July, 1864, Col. Mulligan was fatally 
wounded at the battle of Kernstown, near Winchester, 
Va., and Mrs. Mulligan's eldest brother, Lieutenant 
James H. Nugent, A. D. C., while assisting his commander 
from the field was instantly killed. The Lieutenant was but 
nineteen years and six months old, and his body was never 



FEDERAL OFFICERS. 281 

recovered. Colonel Mulligan received three fatal wounds r 
and was carried to a farm house and died on July 26. His- 
wife, hearing that he was wounded, started from Cumber- 
land, Maryland, and after a most distressing journey of 
over one hundred miles, reached Winchester, only to find 
her husband and brother dead, and to realize the fact that 
she was a widow at the age of twenty-three, with two little 
children. On the following January a third daughter was 
born. 

Mrs. Mulligan brought the remains of her husband to 
Chicago, where with signal military honors they were con- 
signed to Calvary. On Decoration Day, in 1875, the 
grave of the gallant Colonel was marked by a beauti- 
ful monument erected by the State of Illinois and the citi- 
zens of Chicago. 

Our pension agent was a heroine before, during and 
after the battle, displaying the rarest fortitude in affliction. 
She maintained and educated her children by literary work 
and music teaching. Her eldest daughter is the wife of 
Mr. John C. Carroll, one of our -leading citizens. Mrs. 
Mulligan's ability, culture and great sacrifices for the pres- 
ervation of the Union, eminently justified her appointment. 

J. J. CROWLEY. 

The Chief of the Special Agents of the United States 
Treasury at Chicago is Jeremiah J. Crowley. He was born in 
Boston, Mass., and graduated from Georgetown College, D. 
C. In 1866 he carne to Chicago, and served as Corresponding 
Clerk for the Western News Company up to 1869, when 
he was appointed Assistant Cashier in the City Collector's 
office. In 1875 he was elected Chief Clerk in the Illinois 
House of Representatives, and in 1877 was made First 
Assistant Secretary of the State Senate. Returning to 
Chicago he accepted the position of Chief Clerk in the 
West Town Assessor's office, and having made an excep- 



282 THE POLITICAL HISTORY OF CHICAGO. 

tionally fine record there, was selected for his present re- 
sponsible position. 

S. CORNING JUDD. 

The Postmaster of Chicago was born in Otisco, Onan- 
dago county, N. Y., July 21, 1827. At the age of nine he 
was sent to the Aurora Academy, in Erie county. He here 
met Hon. Henry Fillmore, afterward President of the 
United States. He subsequently taught school in Canada. 
In 1845 he studied law with Griswold & Corning in Syra- 
cuse, N. Y. Richard S. Corning was the brother of the 
late Hon. Erastus Corning, of Albany, N. Y. In 1848 he 
was admitted to the bar, becoming a partner of H. S. 
Winston at Syracuse, and writing for the press at the same 
time. In 1849 he was City Clerk of Syracuse, and edited 
the daily Star, which was Independent in politics. In 
1850 he accepted a position in the Department of the 
Interior, but soon returned and purchased the daily Star 
from Mr. Comstock. In 1853 he sold the paper to the 
Democrats, and it became the Republican and Courier. In 
1854 he went to Lewiston, Fulton county, Illinois, and 
was a law partner of W. C. Gkmdy. 1873 he came to 
Chicago, and was a partner with William Fitzhugh, son of 
Bishop Whitehouse. In 1883 Mr. Judd was President of 
the Chicago Bar Association. 

It might be said that Mr. Judd's political activity out- 
side of the press was manifested principally in 1860, when 
he was the Democratic candidate for Presidential Elector 
on the Douglas ticket, and in 1864, when he was the 
Democratic nominee for Lieutenant Governor of Illinois. 
Outside of what speeches he has made in Presidential cam - 
paigns since 1864, his entire time has been given to the 
practice of his profession . 

COLLINS S. SQUIERS. 

The very able and courteous Assistant Postmaster, Col- 
lins S. Squiers, was born May 30, 1832, in Madison 



FEDERAL OFFICEES. 

County, N. Y. In 1857 he came to Chicago and entered 
the Board of Public Works. His first experience in the 
Chicago postoffice was as a letter distributor, and after- 
wards he was made Superintendent of that department. 
In 1865 he was made Cashier of the office, then Chief 
Clerk,, and finally Assistant Postmaster. 

HENRY F. DONOVAN. 

The Superintendent of letter-carriers in the Chicago 
postoffice, whose appointment gave singularly unanimous 
satisfaction, is but twenty-eight years of age and has lived 
in Chicago all his life. His ringing speeches in one of 
the most exciting presidential campaigns in the annals of 
America, alone certainly entitled him to great consideration 
from the Democratic administration. 

"Harry," as Mr. Donovan is best known, was educated 
in the public schools. For ten years he was employed on 
the Chicago Press. On his retirement with the honors of 
a first-class reporter from the active field of journalism, he 
was appointed Deputy County Clerk in charge of the 
marriage license department by M. W. Ryan, County 
Clerk. He was elected President of the County Board of 
Education, Oct. 8, 1883, and was reflected President in 
1884 and 1886. He was one of the founders of the Chicago 
Press Club and one of the originators of the old Irish- 
American Second Regiment, in which he served as Ser- 
geant-Major. He is at present Secretary of the Board of 
Civil Service Examiners, in addition to his duties as Super- 
intendent of Carriers. He was a candidate for Clerk of 
the Superior Court on the Democratic ticket in 1884, run- 
ning ahead of his ticket, but was defeated, the county being 
strongly Republican. Mr. Donovan is a member of the 
Iroquois, Algonquin and Cook County Democratic Clubs; 
is President of the Post Office Mutual Aid Society, and be- 
longs to a large number of social and benevolent organiza- 
tions . He is married to a daughter of Christian Cassle- 
man, Esq., and has three children. 



284 THE POLITICAL HISTORY OF CHICAGO. 



CLERKS OF POSTOFFICE. 

C. M. Alexander, C. J, Agger, J. L. Aymong, A. G. 
Anderson, August Arnold, M. Aszling, W. H. Andrus, 
W. T. Alden, A. G. Ayer, James Anderson, H. Ackhoff, 
S. Adler, C. S. Bates, William Butler, John D. Black well, 

D. M. Ball, C. Boorman, A. N. Boe, Joseph Barr, T. M. 
Beatty, E. D. Barber, J. P. Burbeck, C. P. Burr, C. Bie- 
denweg, C. E. Beach, E. T. Berryhill, P. H. Bready, W. 
J. Bigley, H. Burnside, AY. E. Burcky, F. L. Barnett, D. 
F. Barber, C. L. Buchan, Joseph Boyd, H. C. Barbour, 
R. C. Baer, L. B. Bergersen, S. S. Bendit, F. H. Brown, 
F. Beattie, L. Baer, Mary T. Briggs, J. W. Brown, A. M. 
Blanchard, J. M. Burke, Thomas Berry, N. B. Brant, F. 
H. Brooks. F. Brenken, C. Burkhardt, A. G. Begy, C. F. 
Bock, C. Brugmann, J. J. Brown, J. J. Burke, E. M. 
Castle, J . W . Cooper, M . B . Collins, W . E . Crumbackeer, 
P. M. Clowry, J. C. Cluett, Mrs. L. M. F. Cook, G. H. 
Churchill, C. 0. Curtis, Miss H. A. Gary, J. H. Casey, 
W. A. Calhoun, R. Cuniff, Mary V. Caumragere, D. A. 
Cook, A. G. Clark, H. Cordes, Miss M. A. Cameron, J. S. 
Creech, J. H. Clancy, W. R. Crow, F. F. Clark, Mrs. E. 
B. Coghlan, J. V. Cowling, J. P. Costello, Miss C. D. 
Clement, R. Conway, B. M. Cohen, P. H. Caraher, J. H. 
Canavan, G. W. Colby, W. P. Cook, R. Colladine, M. 
Crimmins, F. T. Cairns, Miss M. M. Crocker, D. Colford, 
W. M. Cuthberton, P. J. Casey, F. J. Costello, M. J. 
Clark, E. V. Dales, E. M. Dickson, J. Donahue, Miss 

E. N. Decker, J. Davy, S. D. Dent, F. M. Dittus, 
S. Degman, Mrs. C. H. Deale, C. L. Davis, W. L. De 
Remer, J. G. Drought, J. Duguid, A. E. Dickinson, 
T . Downey , . M . Downs, H . F . Donovan, Miss B . L . 
Dunbar, T. F. Dunning, AY. H. Daly, P. Dunne, C. 
Dockery, P. Dudley, A. Donairo, N. R. Douglass, J. V. 
Do Vino, F. C. Demorest, J. Eict, M. Emerich, F. En- 



FEDERAL OFFICERS. 285 

gelhardt, A. W. Ehrhardt, J. A. Eliasson, P. L. Eber- 
sold, G. F. Ebinger, M. Evans, E. B. Esher, Miss F. E. 
Elder, J. Frank, P. E. Forest, H. S. Fowler, F. F. 
Fisher, F. H. Fox, T. A. Fontaine, T. F. Fay, J. V. 
Fox, W. Fyfo, TV. J.Finn, Miss F. 0. Ford, D. E. Ford, 
E. M. Fitzgerald, Miss M.I. Flanagan, J. H. Finnegan, 
E. 0. Forrest, B. Foley, J. J. Flannagan, W. J. Fur- 
long, C. A. Gibson, Miss E. F. Griswold, Miss M. L. 
Gillmore, J. H. Granger, J. Galbraith, T. A. Gund, L. 
Goodman, P. F. Geogohan, A. J. Gowanlock, TV. George, 
TV. H. Garrity, M. Goldschmidt, G. TV. Giehuly, A. F. 
Gorgan, Bartley Grady, J. Goldsmith, F. TV. Green, H. 
W. Gillespie, G. D. Gerdner, J. B. Howard, E. Huther, 
E. Henderson, Charles Hale, D. C. Haight, Hog Aboam, 
E. T. Howard, A. J. Heath, P. H. Henry, C. C. Hatcher, 
J. C. Haltenkoff, B. Hecht, E. C. Hooker, J. H. Hughes, 
A. T. Hall, A. C. Hawley, B. C. Heavey, E. J. Hughes, 
G. B. Hennessy, W, 0. Hart, S. A. Hanlon, Jr., P. J. 
Hermann, 0. C. Hay, J. T. Hoyne, P. Hackett, F. E. 
Horn, Miss N. M . Hayes, C . D . Harrison, Miss H . M . 
Homer, James Hogan, J. J. Hennessy, Miss Lottie V. 
Hicks, E. T. Higgins, J. J. Hardin, B. Huhn, W. Han- 
ton, 0. F. Haull, C. J. Henry, J. J. Hooley, W. J. 
Juleson, E. M. Johnston, J. H. Jones, L. Jirks, J. G. 
Kerr, T. E. Kennedy, G. F. Keick, M. Kearins, J. E. 
Kimberly, T. A. Kenny, T. P. Kerugan, J. H. Keenon, 
A. Knefel, J. Krewer, H. T. Knop, C. Keil, W. E. King, 
W. W. Kennedy, E. L. Kellogg, E. Kehoe, J. Killean, 
Miss J. L. Kelly, M. Knost, J. Kene, S. H. King, A. F. 
Klank, C. B. Langley, S. C. Labell, E. Law, J. C. Lamb, 
T. J. Lawler, H. Le Brown, W. H. Leirness, J. Lyons, 
W. Luckow H. Loveken, F. D. Lipe, J. H. Lenz, F. A. 
Lenhard, G. W. Lovering, P. S. Lynch, E. Lee, T. H. 
Litzenberg, D. B. Lynch, W. J. Lyman, H. Lieb, T. F. 
Maegher, H. E. Meacham, J. M. Mahler, E. Munster, J. 



286 THE POLITICAL HISTORY OF CHICAGO. 

W. McGee, J. N. McArthur, S. Marble, T. R. Melody, 
W. H. Moore, A. C. Morse, W. W. Man, E. A. Mack, 

D. Martin, J. Matter, G. W. Miles, E. B. Morey, J. 
McDavid, J. T. McGrath, H. C. Matlack, A. C. Martin, 
M. W. Mills, B. F. McCarty, J. J. McCue, G. E. Mc- 
Grew, P. McNamara, F. J. Miller, T. Mackey, T. J. 
McEssey, W. A. McFarlane, A. A. Morrow, J. Mullin, 
J. T. Monahan, J. T. McMahon, J. S. Mulliner, F. W. 
Mayer, W. D. McBean, P. Moran, Miss A. Murray, D. 
T. McGraw, M. T. McAuliff, P. J. Mulvaney, J. Marr, 
J. J. Masterson, E. J. Murray, J. McCormick, J. T. 
McMackin, J. Merwick, W. F. Murphy, S. W. Marshall, 
J. McKeever, W. Mahon, J. S. Mclnerney, D. P. Mor- 
gan, P. McDentt, C. H. Manning, J. D. Murphy, J. M. 
Mahon, A. H. Murdorff, P. Noonan, E. B. Nordham, 
G. R. Nixon, P. Newton, J. E. Nelson, C. Nowlan, W. 
G. Noxon, R. J. Niemeyer, W. E. Nelson, W. K. Os- 
good, J. H. O'Brien, N. T. Ohlander, G. F. O'Leary, 
Mrs. A. S. Ondorff, F. G. Orcutt, I. W. Ott, D. J. O'Con- 
nors, J. O'Kelley, L. C. Overlook, J. J. O'Brien, D. O'Con- 
nell, P. J. O'Brien, E. O'Connor, J. O'Brien, P. O'Farrell, 
W. E. Patton, N. Petrie, Mrs. J. W. Parsons, J. E. Pear- 
son, L. W. Post, W. R. Pugh, W. H. C. Pierce, N. Pat- 
terson, G. H. Pond, J. C. Polly, Jr., R. N. Pearson, R. 
Panneberg, J. W. Prendergast, Mrs. M. J. Porter, J. B. 
Petrie, L. A. Pimdwille, A. J. Pichham, F. A. Panebla, 

E. Parro, S. S. C. Partello, S. J. Peterson, C. T. Pit- 
kin, F . E . Percy, Miss A . D . Plaister, J . Prendergast, J. 

F. Propper, D. W. Quirk, T. J. Quinn, M. Quinlan, A. 
S. Reynolds, E. Reilly, Mrs. K. Runger, E. P. Rjan, J. 
J. Reordan, M. N. Richards, L. D. Ripley, J. H. Rees, 
E. J. Rook, S. Rutter, P. K. Ryan, W. N. Reynolds, 
H. 0. Reiley, T. J. Reedy, 0. A. Ruthenberg, Jr., J. 
Ryan, T. M. Riordan, J. H. Rea, N. C. Reidy, R. E. 
Raleigh, F. Ryan, E. Rose, Miss L. H. Rea, A. D. Rueg- 



FEDERAL OFFICERS. 287 

ger, J. Began, A. Reardon, C. S. Squires, A. H. Swan, 
G. L. Schneler, E. J. Sanders, E. A. Stridiron, E. F. 
Stoetzel, F. Sherman, W. Sproehnle, M. Slosser, J. P. 
Stewart, Miss F. Smith, C. A. Story, J. L. Schonton, 
T. F. Scully, 0. C. Samer, J. T. Scanlan, L. A. Stave, 

F. Schoenwald, E. Sheehy, G. H. Seery, K. C. Samuel, 

A. T. Sherman, S. P. Stiles, W. H. Sabin, H. A. Saw- 
yer, 0. Stimming, T. B. Sconton, L. Stross, K Scherf- 
fins, J. J. Smith, H. Seyforth, Miss M. A. Sears, P. J. 
Sweeney, W. S. Snorf, W. H. Shenton, J. B. Sehloss- 
man, J. J. Schlesinger, J. L. Sullivan, W. M. Sullivan, 
H. C. Scherenemann, Mrs. C. E. Sutherland, W. R. 
Stiles, T. E. Scullen, H. C. Swale, W. J. Smith, J. A. 
Sand, J. B. Sheil, F. J. Sweeney, J. Shannon, R. E. 
Skelly, H. W. Slenger, C. Schaefen, Jr., Miss I. Schiff, 
R. L. Thompson, J. A. Thomson, E. L. Taylor, 0. 
Tischer, C. Thelen, W. M. Tureman, T. J. Thompson, 
Miss M. Tipton, P. Terlin, MissM. A. Taylor, H. G. 
Trotter, J. E. Vreeland, L. Voss, C. G. Warnecke, J. 
Weisbucher, W. J. Watt, A. Wier, T. Wixted, W. R. 
Woolley, J. W. Williams, J. W. Wallace, H. H. Welch, 
J. K. Watson, A. G. Wainwright, E. H. Wheaton, A. 
Wilson, J. T. Wray, W. A. Week, G. F. Wiedinger, J. 

B. Wilson, J. G. Wiedeman, W. A. Webber, S. E. Web- 
ber, H. Welch, Jr., G. W. Weber, W. Walsh, A. Wands, 
R. A. D. Wilbanks, W. B. Wood, W. H. Warder, W. 
E. Young, A. S. Young. 

The following are the names of letter carriers: R. H. An- 
drews, James Anderson, Rudolph Albrecht, J. P. J. Atkin, 

G. Appelt, Louis A. Berg, S. Buttsback, Daniel Bahler, 
Paul Breither, E. H. Brackett, F. A. Blatherwick, John 
S. Beston, Charles Bock, Michael Breen, W. P. Black, M. 
Frank Butler, Thomas J. Brown, George R. Bent, John 
Badershaw, William Burk, John Bell, Henry C. Barlow, 
George J. Bader, Henry D. Buechel, Henry P. Barnum, 



288 THE POLITICAL HISTORY OF CHICAGO. 

John Britz, James Brown, James Burke, George W. Bor- 
man, Stephen D. Beach, Patrick J. Barrett, William Beek- 
mann, Thomas Buckley, Charles Boland, John Bowler, 
John Carey, L. Collins, Lawrence Coogan, Nelson J. 
Crona, F. G. Crowell, James Caulfield, P. L. Collins, John 
K. Clowry, Eobert 0. Crawford, Stephen Carmody, George 
W. Cook, W. A. Colson, T. T. Chamberlain, D. D. Cad- 
wallader, Michael Connors, John H. Coughlin, Alexander 
B. Crawford, J. M. Crawford, Charles Colstad, John J. 
Carmichael, C. C. Cristopherson, Charles R. Cowan, 
Daniel Coughlan, James Campion, William Croak, Edward 
J. Curran, William F. Culloton, William F. Campbell, 
Charles A . Closson, Terance Cairns, Edward Delaney, D . 
W. Dempsey, Herman Dahl, Michael Daly, Frederick 
Dippe, John W. Davis, J. J. Donahue, John Dobler, 
Adolph Dryfus, Charles E. Doyle, H. A. Duncan, H. A. 
Dahl, H . M . Danforth, Charles F . Dorland, Brian Daley, 
Fenton J. Delaney, Edward Deveraeux, Olaf M. Dahl, 

A. F. Eschert, George M. Edmondson, Jacob T. Escher, 
Mark S. Eldridge, Fred G. Edwards, S. W. H. Eldridge, 
James I. Ewers, Joseph B. Field, Charles H Foley, 
Thomas J. Foley, J. P. Fyfe, James Fitzgerald, Oliver P. 
Ford, John Fitzgerald, W. G. Fischer, A. C. Fisher, George 
H. Foster, John Fitzgerald, Daniel Foley, Henry C. Freer, 
James Foley, C. 0. Froehde, William J. Farrell, Bernard 
J. Ford, Patrick J. Flannery, John P. Fries, E. F. Gibbs, 
H. F. Goetz, R. K. Gowanlock, Albert E. Garnett, Conrad 
Graw, Charles Gau, David J. Geary, Thomas Galbraith, 
Bright Gruda, John Grass, W. F. Gressang, Otto Gentzcke, 
August J. Golonski, James Griffin, F. F. Gilbert, W. J. 
Gibbons, John J. Gavigan, John J. Grady, Frank F. Guth- 
rie, John B. Gay, Thomas M. Heaney, W. B. Howe, John 

B. Hubbard, Fred Hartwick, Henry Hildebrecht, J. R. 
Howe, J. C. Hazen, A. C. Hall, Morgan M. Healy, A. S. 
Hayward, W. A. Hammond, J. M. Hopper, William H. 



FEDERAL OFFICERS. 289 

Hogan, Sidney Houghton, K. P. Hogan, M. C. Hayes, John 
J. Hanrahan, Dennis Hogan, Peter J. Hanton, William 
Hannan, William II. Horstman, John A. Hendernson, 
John R. Healey, James O'Hoey, Robert A. Hart, Thomas 
Hennegan, Garrett Irwin, John M. Ingraham, John Jacob- 
son, A. D. Jones, Ole A. Jentoft, Ed Jennnings, 
Alurid D. Jones, James D. Jones, Richard J. Kehoe, 
Conrad Klein, Theodore Kramer, Fred Kleeman, B. 
F. Kay, Thomas Kennedy, John C. Keulzow, R. J. 
Kroff, Louis N. Kurt, Stephen Kolstad, Rudolph Krouse, 
Peter B. Klein, Mathew Kehrig, Harris S. Kessel, E. J. 
Kolberg, William Krelle, Patrick Keogh, Lawrence Kane, 
Charles W. Kuhn, Gustav Kuehn, Rollin E. King, H. 
Koschrneider, John P. Kindelin, T. M. Lynch, Michael 
H. Lyons, Charles F. Lindau, August Liverman, Thomas 
Larson, John A. Langan, J. H. Loser, E. F. Lapham, 
P. C. Larson, Patrick Leahy, Simon Lenow, A. Leesberg, 
James Lynch, Lyman Leist, S. A. Lee, Richard J. 
Laynam, John F. Lavin, David M. Lacy, John A. Mc- 
Donald, Stephen McGrath, John F. McGrew, John B. 
Mears, George C. Miller, James H. Moore, James W. 
Morrison, P. J. Murphy, Archie McLeod, Leonard Miller, 
John McCaffrey, Charles R. McClure, Norman A. Maeder, 
J. E. Morris, Thomas J. Maroney, John A. Meeker, 
Albert C. Mehlhorn, Charles H. Mertens, Henry C. Moran, 
Geo. J. Myer, James Melia, F . J. Merritt, L. G. Merrill, 
John B. Matlock, James E. Manning, John B. Manning, 
James H. McGee, Hugh Murray, Thomas F. Mortimer, 
John J. Martin, William Madden, Michael Manion, John 
J. McGuire, Thomas McCarthy, John A. Maloney, 
Francis J . McDonnell, Frank J. Nelligan, S. Nelson, R. H. 
Nelson, Herman A. Naper, H. Numberger, A. H. Noble, 
James E. Nolan, M. J. Nolan, William C. Northrop, Mi- 
chael O'Brien, Peter J. O'Connor, Thomas O'Neill, A. C. 
Ormsby, Charles A. Olander, Michael O'Connor, Samuel 
19 



290 THE POLITICAL HISTORY OF CHICAGO. 

H. Osborne, W. F. O'Brien, Eichard N. O'Brien, James 
H. O'Brien, Thomas O'Brien, Peter O'Brien, James P. 
Padden, J. V. A. Proudfoot, Conrad A. Peterson, Conis C. 
Populorum, F. S. Parker, William G. Peters, Andrew 
Quaid, Thomas J. Quinu, William Quinlan, William Quin- 
lisk, J. J. Redmond, Watson Rich, A. W. Roche, Thomas 
Roney, J. M. Roy, S. W. Rush, W. J. Ryan, N. P. Ras- 
mussen, Emil Renich, Nelson Roney, Charles Rapp, Daniel 
Raleigh, F. C. Reinhardt, James B. Raymond, Bartholo- 
mew W. Russell, Timothy Ryan, Thomas Reath, Joseph 
J. Ryan, Mathew Rankin, Robert R. Sampson, Jacob S. 
Stahl, Charles H . Swift, Herman Schuman, C. M. Stover, 
James Stewart, Charles Stephens, James Stott, Thomas P. 
Smith, Frederick Schroder, Valentine Steele, F. A. Smith, 
A. A. Sheldon, John H. Syme, Charles J. Schoreek, 
Thomas H. Smith, Moritz Schwein, Henry Sumner, Henry 
H. Smith, J. W. Schuldt, William Schafer, Charles 
Schlieckert, M. D. Sweig, A. Seefurth, M. H. Stephens, 
J. J. Simmons, Charles Schoenthaler, Joachin R. Stolt, 
John H. Siegmiller, Owen Sheridan, Philip Schmidt, Fred- 
erick S . Seller, Chester Tracey, Thomas Telf er, Swan Tur- 
rell, Nels Turrell, F. J. Trautman, George A. Taylor, Walter 
Tallman, W. F. Tormochlen, George E. Thomas, Ernest 
VanDanden, Max Valequet, C. M. White, C. A. Wood- 
ford, J. P. Winner, J. W. Woodruff, C. E. Williams, 
Joseph Waska, Eugene H. Waite, Thomas M. Wiltsie, 
Charles L. Wier, Charles G. Wahlgren, Frank Wingierski, 
W. H. Wilson, E. P. Wright, Swan A. Warn, W. H. 
Wines, Cyrus S. Wilcox, William C. Wait, John M. 
Williams, L. B. Willden, Philip J. Walsh, F. J. H. Wich- 
man, John P. Wade, Theodore Zech, Ferdinand Zahn, 
Anton Zaycicik. 

J. HOWARD JONES. 

This gentleman is the Superintendent of the postal service 
in the West Division at headquarters, corner o.f Halsted 



FEDERAL OFFICERS. 291 

and Washington streets. He was born in Pike County 
December 23, 1836, and came to Chicago, October 1, 1868. 
He has resided here since . He was agent for the North- 
western and California Associated Press, and served sub- 
sequently as the local agent for the Western Associated 
Press, which position he held until 1876. For six years he 
was Chief Clerk in the office of the Chief Inspector of 
Grain and became a member of the Board of Trade. He 
was appointed to his present position July 16, 1885. 

P. R. FORREST. 

The accomplished Cashier of the Postal Department 
was born in the city of Cork, Ireland, March 18, 1826, and 
is the junior brother of the well known literateur Joseph 
K. C. Forrest. His father was for thirty years director of 
one of the largest mercantile firms in Cork; his uncle, 
Phillip Eyder was for thirty years Comptroller of Customs; 
his first cousin, P. R. Tivy is married to a sister of Sir 
Thomas Lyons, formerly Mayor and Member of Parliament 
for Cork, and his brother, John R. is a son-in-law of James 
Lane, formerly Mayor. 

In July, 1840, our subject came to Chicago in the days 
of the Tippecanoe campaign. A long and useful ex- 
perience in the most responsible positions of banking insti- 
tutions followed and thoroughly qualified him for his 
present position. He was identified with the banking 
houses of Forrest Bros., & Co.; Isaac H. Burch & Co.; E. 
I. Tinkham & Co., and was cashier for the Merchant's 
National when it went into litigation. From 1855 to 1857 
he was Secretary of the Water Department of Public 
Works. 

THEODORE F. SWAIN. 

The genial Superintendent of the Money Order Division 
of the postoffice was born in 1830 in Hodam, Conn. At 
the age of fifteen he left the Brainard Academy to go to 



292 THE POLITICAL HISTORY OF CHICAGO. 

school no more. He yet taught school forthwith in 
Waukegan, 111., and was a much respected pedagogue 
when twenty-one. He now entered the dry goods business 
and subsequently in Muskegon dabbled in the lumber 
trade. Coming to Chicago he entered the Recorder's 
office under William L. Church, but soon accepted the 
cashiership in the Internal Revenue office, rising after- 
ward to the position of Chief Deputy. In January, 1871 
he became a manufacturer of fine soaps; but while there is 
life there is hope, the soap business proved profitless to 
him. He now became a broker with an office in the 
Tribune Building. Subsequently he took his present 
position . 

PATRICK M. CLOWRY. 

The Superintendent of the Registry Department of the 
postoffice was born in Carlow, Ireland, December 26, 1832. 
In 1850 his family came to Chicago, and he went to work 
at once for Satterly, Cook & Co., grocers, corner State 
and Lake streets. ' After three years he went to work for 
J. H. Gray, in the same business. He then learned the 
harness trade, and followed it up to 1858, when he entered 
the postoffice. In 1863 he had climbed the ladder of pro- 
motion as high as the foremanship of the general delivery. 
He was appointed the First Superintendent of Carriers by 
John L. Scripps, and held it for nine years. In 1873 Gen. 
McArthur made him Superintendent of the General De- 
livery. After two years he was appointed Assistant Super- 
intendent of Carriers, and succeeded Mr. Hubbard as 
Superintendent in 1881. In October, 1882, he was ap- 
pointed Superintendent of the Registry Department. 



OTHER COUNTY EMPLOYES. 



MICHAEL W. RYAN. 

The County Clerk of Cook county was born in Limer- 
ick, Ireland, in 1847, and is the youngest of ten children, 
two girls and eight boys. Having attended the parish 
school in Cappamore, he graduated at the head of a class 
of thirty-two students, in mathematics and classics, in the 
Jesuit college in Limerick. He came to Chicago in 1866, 
and became a contractor with his brother, D. W. Ryan, 
now deceased. A dry goods experience succeeded. In 
1875 he entered the Recorder's office under James Stewart. 
He was an attache later on of the County Clerk's office, 
and also of the Probate Court Clerk's office. While in the 
latter situation, he was nominated by the Democrats and 
was elected West Town Collector, furnishing a bond in the 
sum of $5,000,000. In 1882 he was elected County Clerk. 

In the spring of 1884 Mr. Ryan married Miss Mamie 
Cochrane, daughter of the late John Cochrane, so promi- 
nently identified in real estate transactions, and a graduate 
of St. Mary's Institute at South Bend, Indiana. 

WILLIAM KIRBY. 

The invaluable chief clerk in the office of County Clerk 
Ryan, of Cook County, was born in Hospital, Limerick 
county, Ireland, in 1849. He was there educated, com- 
pleting a course of classics. In 1870, under a sudden im- 
pulse, he left his native place and came to Troy, New 
York, and obtained employment in a grocery and meat 
market. In 1871 he came to Chicago, and was engaged by 
Thomas Wall in the grocery business. He subsequently 

293 r > 



294 THE POLITICAL HISTORY OF CHICAGO. 

conducted business for ex-alderman Thomas Carney, of the 
seventeenth ward. He was the proprietor of a nourishing 
meat market, corner of Ada street and Austin avenue, 
when invited to a position in the office of the County 
Clerk. He had charge of the vaults at first, and rapidly 
rose to his present position. 

EMIL HOECHSTEK. 

The Chief Clerk of the County Court was born in Frank- 
fort-on-the-Main June 1, 1836, and came to this country 
in 1854. After two years spent in New York he went to 
Cincinnati, where he pursued for some time a successful 
career in tragedy. In 1858 his political experience began 
when he took an active part in the Blair campaign in 
Missouri. He subsequently edited the Westliche Post, of 
which Carl Schurz was the chief in St. Louis. In 1860 he 
entered the war as a First Lieutenant in the Twenty-fourth 
Illinois Infantry, Hecker's regiment, and was afterward As- 
sistant Provost-Marshal in St. Louis. In 1865 he came to 
Chicago and was local editor of the Illinois Staats Zeitung 
from 1866 to 1868. Appointed consul to Germany, he raised 
over 89,000 for the sufferers in the great Chicago fire. In 
1875 he returned to Chicago, worked hard for Tilden in 1876, 
became Deputy Sheriff under Messrs. Agnew and Kern, 
managed the German theater at McVicker's for a time, and 
finally became Chief Clerk of the County Court. He is an 
invaluable official. 

P. C. T. BREEN. 

This gentleman was born in 1846 in Tralee, Kerry 
county, Ireland. Leaving the English schools at the age 
of fourteen, he entered St. Brendon's College, and studied 
six years for the priesthood. In 1866 he came to America, 
and soon enlisted in the ordnance department at Washing- 
ton, and was present at the entombment of the body 
said to have been that of Booth, the assassin of Presi- 
dent Lincoln. But Mr. Breen firmly believes that the 



COUNTY EMPLOYES. 295 

remains buried in the old penitentiary yard at Washington 
were not those of Booth. He and none of the other offi- 
cers were allowed to look upon the face of the corpse in 
the coffin; and our subject, like many others, thinks that 
Booth is still alive. 

In 1869 he proceeded to St. Louis and taught school 
for a time. In 1872 he came to Chicago and went on the 
Fire Department, where he had charge of the supplies, and 
was afterwards promoted by Marshal Benner. 

Mr. Breen is the author of "Hugh O'Neill's Wars 
With Elizabeth/*' and other Irish effusions. He entered 
the County Clerk's office in 1882 with Mr. Ryan. 

The following are the names of the employes of the 
County Clerk's office : 

Luke Agnew, George Appleton, John Aul, Tim Bourke, 
Thomas Breen, J. R. Bailey, H. J. Becker, John C. Cul- 
len, D. V. Connelly, John Cochrane, C. J. Coffey, P. M. 
Donnellau, John F. Doran, John A. Evans, N. J. Fitz- 
simmons, James Gleeson, Charles Hoya, Maurice Healey, 
William A. Hoyne, M. M. Hayes, E. Klehm, Albert Ley- 
den, E. Lewis, J. W. McMally, Day McCarthy, R. T. 
McDonough, AV. H. Murphy, Thomas Mulvihill, E. T. 
Noble, T. A. Noonan, W. C. Niehoff, John O'Laughlin, 
John O'Brien, M. J. O'Brien, P. O'Brien, John O'Shay, 
B. M. Payne, John Prenclergrast, Robert Prendergrast, 
James Ryan, William Ryan, Robert Strickland, J. B. 
Shiels, William Sweeney, R. P. Sullivan, F. T. Sullivan, 
James A. Taylor, T. C. Hickey, John Walsh, J. B. Crow- 
ley, M. J. Baldwin, Thomas Tighie, Charles Helnan, 
James E. Murray, P. N. Hoffman, James Rafferty, Will- 
iam Kirby, H. McGurren, Thomas Dwyer, F. McNally, H. 
Biehl, M: Salmonson, P. C. T. Breen, P. J. Moloney, M. 
D. Duhig, J. D. Shiels, C. S. Cameron, William O'Hayer, 
A. J. McGurren, E. Hoechster, J. Moloney, E. M. Bar- 
nard, J. H. Fitch, T. F. Bailey, D. W. McCarthy. 



296 THE POLITICAL HISTOEY OF CHICAGO. 



WILLLAM C. SEIPP. 

Among the foremost successful young men of the 
age, William C. Seipp, the County Treasurer of Cook 
County, stands preeminent. At the age of twenty-eight, 
William C. Seipp was chosen by the great Chicago public 
with an overwhelming voice to hold in trust for them 
moneys exceeding the formidable figure of twelve million 
($12,000,000) dollars. He was elected to the most respon- 
sible position of City Treasurer in April, 1879, on the 
Democratic ticket, and ran far ahead of everybody else. 
In his election, party or nationalistic distinctions seemed 
to take no part whatever. He was elected to his present 
position on the Democratic ticket,. and while a Republican 
Sheriff was elected, he made a historical run. This was in 
the fall of 1882. 

Mr. Seipp is the son of Conrad Seipp, the celebrated 
brewer, and was born in Chicago, where the Chicago 
Times now stands, January 4, 1851. His early education 
was obtained in the Chicago University, whence he was 
sent to Mount Pleasant Military Academy in New York ; 
leaving the Chicago University as a freshman. Having 
graduated he returned to his native city, and at the age of 
1 8 entered the law office of Kosenthal, Pence & Co. After 
two years' legal study he was engaged by his father to 
assist him in his business, which was rapidly assuming 
gigantic proportions. The great brewery was established 
in 1856, and turns out today, it is estimated, almost half 
a million barrels per year, More than 150 men are em- 
ployed in the establishment. In 1876, when the institu- 
tion became a stock concern, William C. Seipp was elected 
Secretary and Treasurer. In 1878 he was made Vice- 
President, Mr. T. J. Lefens succeeding him as Secretary 
and Treasurer. Mr. Seipp married in the fall of 1874, and 
his domestic life is a very happy one. 



COUNTY EMPLOYES. 29 T 

THOMAS BRENAN. 

Thomas Brenan, as is well known, is the Assistant 
Treasurer of Cook county, and is recognized by men of all 
parties as the most competent man by far who ever handled 
the public moneys in his position. Mr. Brenan's family 
came to Chicago as early as 1848, locating in the vicinity 
of Lake street and Wabash avenue. When very young, 
our subject entered the hardware store of James & Springer. 
He then became a clerk in the employ of Brown & Tuttle, 
proprietors of the Sherman House, which was then a four 
story brick on the present site. He then connected himself 
with the brewery of James Kearney, and when the institu- 
tion passed into the hands of John O'Neill, he went into 
his employ. In 1855 he went into the wholesale liquor 
business for himself. In 1801 he enlisted in the Twenty- 
third Illinois, as Second Lieutenant, and was assigned to 
the quartermaster's department. After the battle of Win- 
chester and the death of Gen. Mulligan he was mustered 
out. In 1869 when W. J. Onahan was elected City Collec- 
tor, Mr. Brenan saw his first political experience, enter- 
ing the office as cashier. When "Honest Dan"0'Hara 
was elected City Treasurer he became assistant, and served 
under Treasurers Briggs, Seipp and Brand thereafter. 

SETH F. HANCIIETT. 

The Sheriff of Cook County was born near Mayville, 
Chautauqua county, N. Y., April 30, 1842, and is of 
English descent. In this country their origin is traced to 
an officer of the revolution who settled in the valley of the 
Mohawk, and was killed by the Indians. In 1856 he came 
alone to Chicago, first finding employment with the North 
Chicago city railway company. In 1861 he enlisted in the 
Ninth Illinois Cavalry, having raised a company for Bell's 
Cavalry, which was not accepted, the quota of the regi- 
ment being full. After arduous service in Missouri, Ar- 



298 THE POLITICAL HISTOBY OF CHICAGO. 

kanas and Mississippi, he contracted the southern fever in 
the marshes, and was sent to St. Louis hospital, and thence 
home to Chicago, where he recovered. In 1863 he ree'n- 
lisied in the Fifteenth New York cavalry, serving under 
Franz Sigel in West Virginia, and under General Hunter 
in the battle of Lynchburg. In 1864 his regiment en- 
tered Ouster's division, and hard fighting at once com- 
menced. He fought in all the cavalry engagements up to 
the battle of "Five Forks," where he was struck by a 
piece of shell and maimed for life. In a desperate charge 
he left his arm upon the field. After hospital treatment 
he was discharged and returned to Chicago. He worked 
one year in the commission house of Hanchett, Angle & 
Cook, when he was appointed Superintendent of the Sol- 
diers' Home. On July 1, 1867, he resigned, and was ap- 
pointed to a position in the Sheriff 's office as bailiff under 
General John L. Beveridge. He was first placed in the 
County Court under Judges Bradwell and Wallace, and 
served under Sheriffs Beveridge, Fisher, Cleaves, Bradley 
and Agnew. When Charles Kern was elected Sheriff he 
joined hands with his present chief clerk, W. H. Gleason, 
in the collecting agency. In 1877 he was elected Clerk of 
the Probate Court, and filled it up to his election of Sher- 
iff. Mr. Hanchett is a member of the Grand Army of tne 
Eepublic, the Union Veteran Club, Treasurer of the Vet- 
eran Union League, a member of the Ancient Order of 
United Workmen, and is very prominent in social circles 
generally. 

CANUTE R. MATSON. 

Chief Deputy Sheriff Matson was born in Norway, in 
1843, and in 1848 the family came to this country, locat- 
ing in Wallworth county, but shortly settling in Dane 
county. He here attended the Albion Academy, and sub- 
sequently Milton College, where he was a student when 
the war of the Rebellion broke out. He enlisted in Com- 



COUNTY EMPLOYES. 299 

pany K, 13th Wisconsin Infantry as a private ; and when 
mustered out was Regimental Quartermaster. He was pro- 
moted Commissary Sergeant and First Lieutenant in 
1863. When he left the service he came to Chicago, and 
while attending a commercial college he secured a position 
in the postoffice, publishing the Postal Record, the official 
paper of the- department in the meantime. In 1868 he was 
elected Clerk of the Police Court, and was reflected in 
1871. In 1875 he was appointed Justice of the Peace, and 
was reappointed in 1879. In 1878 he was admitted to the 
practice of law. He served one term as Coroner, after 
proving the second strongest candidate in the republican 
convention for the high office of Sheriff of Cook county. 
While he is probably tire foremost leader of the Scandina- 
vian element he is universally popular. 

WILLIAM K. M'ALLISTEE. 

William K. McAllister, one of the representatives of the 
Circuit bench and one of the Judges of the Appellate Court 
was born at Salem, Washington County, New York, in 
1818. At the age of eighteen he entered college and com- 
menced studying law in Wayne County when twenty-one, 
and concluded in Yates County. He was admitted to the 
bar and removed to Albion, where he practiced his profes- 
sion for ten years. In 1854 he came to Chicago and in 1866 
was nominated for Judge of the Superior Court, but was de- 
feated by Judge Jameson. Two years later he was elected 
Judge of the Recorder's Court, and in 1870 was elevated to 
the Supreme bench. Business compelled him to resign in 
1873, but he was subsequently elected to his present office. 

JOHN G. ROGEKS. 

John G. Rogers, one of the Judges of the Circuit Court, 
first saw the light of day at Glasgow, Kentucky, December 
28, 1818. He graduated as Bachelor of Arts from the 
Transylvania law school in 1841. He came to Chicago in 



300 THE POLITICAL HISTORY OF CHICAGO. 

1857, and practised law until July, 1870, when he was 
elected Judge of the Circuit Court. In 1873 he was re- 
elected, and again in 1879. He was elected the last time 
by both parties. 

LORIN C. COLLINS, JR. 

This affable member of the Circuit Court judiciary, 
was born in Winson, Connecticut, in 1848, In 1852 his 
family removed to St. Paul, Minnesota, and here the sub- 
ject of this sketch received his early training. In 1868 he 
entered the Northwestern University at Evanston; in 1872 
was created Bachelor of Arts, and in 1874 Master of Arts. 
In this year he was admitted to the bar. His prominence 
as a lawyer led to his selection as a Eepesentative, and a 
reelection, which resulted in his being chosen as Speaker 
of the House of Eepresentatives. He was elected to his 
present office by both parties. 

KICHARD PRENDERGAST. 

The subject of this sketch, one of the judges of the 
County Court, is the youngest man now on the bench, being 
only thirty-one years of age. He was born on the Emerald 
Isle in 1854. His father came to America in 1864, and 
settled in La Salle, 111. At the age of twelve he worked in 
a store and supported himself. In 1872 he attended college 
at Montreal, and subsequently at St. Ignatius College, at 
Chicago. The full course is seven years or eight years, but 
the Judge graduated second in one year in the eight-year 
class. In 1876 he entered Judge Moran's office with the 
degree of A. B. He attended the Union College of Law 
and graduated in 1878, winning the first prize for best 
essay on law. In 1882 he was elected Judge of the County 
Court, when only twenty- eight years of age. 

JOSHUA C. KNICKERBOCKER. 

Judge Knickerbocker was born in Gallatin, Columbia 
county, N. Y., September 26, 1837. He taught school 



COUNTY EMPLOYES. 301 

from 1856 to 1859, and in 1860 came to Chicago. Here 
he devoted his time to the study of law, and in 1862 was 
admittted to practice. In 1864 he was Supervisor, and in 
1865, while a member of the State Board of Education, 
was elected Alderman for the first ward, and reflected in 
1867. Eetiring temporarily from political life, he was a 
partner with his brother, John J. Knickerbocker, for one 
year. In 1868 he was elected Eepresentative to the Twenty- 
sixth General Assembly, and in 1869 Avas nominated by ac- 
clamation for County Judge, but was defeated. In 1877 
he was elected Judge of the Probate Court, and in 1882 
reflected. In 1886 he was nominated on every ticket in 
the field. 

ROLLIN S. WILLIAMSON. 

The courtesy of this gentleman on the bench of the 
Superior Court of Cook county has won for him the high- 
est regard of not only the members of the bar, but of the 
community at large. Malefactors at the bar of the Crim- 
inal Court where Judge Williamson has occasion to preside 
at times, have been known to be made better men by his 
merciful instincts. 

He was born May 23, 1839, in Cornwall, Addison county, 
Vermont, and to close and persevering study can be attrib- 
uted his lofty position in the judiciary. 

ELLIOTT ANTHONY. 

Judge Anthony of the Superior Court became best 
known to Chicagoans as Corporation Counsel. He filled 
this position twice. He is of Quaker extraction, and was 
born June 10, 1827. He assumed the judgeship in 1880. 

JOSEPH E. GARY. 

One of the most affable judges on the bench, Joseph E 
Gary, was born in Potsdam, N. Y., July 9, 1821. He is 
a thoroughly self-made man, having acquired his legal 
experience unaided by any tutor save an occasional author- 



302 THE POLITICAL HISTORY OF CHICAGO. 

ity in the shape of a book or communicative lawyer he 
might happen on struggling through his early life. He 
came to Chicago in 1856, and as far back as that he is 
remembered in connection with our courts. He was a 
prominent member of the profession in 1863. He sen- 
tenced the Anarchists. 

M. F. TULEY. 

M. F. Tuley, one of the oldest members of the Circuit 
judiciary, was born in Louisville, Kentucky, March 4, 
1827. He entered a store as clerk when thirteen, and 
studied law during his leisure hours. In 1847 he came to 
Chicago, and was admitted to the bar. When the Mexican 
war broke out he enlisted in the Fifth Illinois and fought 
with that gallant regiment throughout the war. Soon 
after the close of the war he settled in Sante Fe, New 
Mexico. For two years he was Attorney General of the ter- 
ritory and from 1853 to 1854 he was in the legislature. In 
1854 he came to Chicago and commenced the practice of 
law in partnership with Joseph E. Gary. In 1869 he was 
appointed Corporation Counsel. In 1879 he was elected to 
the circuit bench. 

JULIUS S. GRnOTELL. 

The States Attorney for Cook county was born in Mas- 
sena, St. Lawrence county, N. Y., in 1842, and is the 
son of Dr . A . H . Grinnell, of New Haven, Vermont, a 
member of the family after whom the town of Grinelle in 
France was christened . Of French- Welch nationality, the 
family came to this country from Wales and settled in 
New York, Connecticut and Vermont. From this last 
named branch the subject of this sketch is descended. 
Prepared for college in Potsdam Academy, St . Lawrence 
county, N. Y., he entered Middlebury, Vermont college 
in 1862 and graduated in the fall of 1866 with brilliant 
honors. He now entered the office of Hon. William C. 



COUNTY EMPLOYES. 303 

Brown in Ogdensburg, and was admitted to practice in 
1868. After practicing two years he became the Professor 
of the Ogdensburg Academy and won many laurels . In 
1870 he came to Chicago, and was pushing a most promis- 
ing practice in 1879, when he was elected, although a Dem- 
ocrat, City Attorney for a Republican city. In 1881 he 
was renominated and reflected by a very large majority, 
running but a few votes behind Mayor Harrison. 

In the fall of 1884 he was elected States Attorney, re- 
ceiving a most remarkable vote. He was the only Demo- 
crat elected in the county. His career up to date has been 
a brilliant one, being indorsed by press and public. Upon 
his advent into office he immediately appointed the rising 
young lawyer Frank Walker his first assistant, and retained 
George Baker, the indefatigable presenter of cases to the 
grand jury. George was formerly a reporter for the Chi- 
cago press, and did invaluable service under States Attorney 
Mills, Mr. GrinnelFs predecessor and gifted orator. 

JOHN J. HEALY. 

The Clerk of the Appellate Court, John J. Healy, is a 
veteran public servant, and is probably one of the best 
versed politicians in the Republican ranks. He stands very 
high in their councils. Mr. Healy was born in Ireland July 
3, 1843, and since 1849 has been a resident of Chicago. He 
was a student at Notre Dame, Indiana, and his first busi- 
ness was at the lumber trade. When the war broke out he 
joined the Twenty-third Illinois Volunteers. He fought 
with his regiment at the battles of Lexington, Kenton, 
Bunker Hill and Winchester. At the latter battle Mr. 
Healy was severely wounded the day on which the gallant 
Colonel Mulligan lost his life. At the close of the war he 
was Adjutant-general of the draft rendezvous of this state. 

Mr. Healy was in the Recorder's office under "Jim" 
Stewart and in 1875 was elected clerk of the Superior 



304 THE POLITICAL HISTOEY OF CHICAGO. 

Court. In 1884 he was elected Clerk of the Appellate 
Court. 

PATRICK M'GRATH. 

The clerk of the Superior Court of Cook county was 
born in Ballynahinch, County Down, Ireland, May 13, 
1839 and came to America in 1847. Having attended a 
commercial school at Milwaukee, Wisconsin, he joined the 
Seventh Wisconsin Infantry in the fall of 1861 and was 
commissioned a Second Lieutenant. He engaged in all the 
battles in which his regiment participated, among which 
may be mentioned the battles of Corinth, Farrington, the 
expedition to Purdy, Tennessee, and in fact every engage- 
ment through the central Mississippi. He was detailed to 
preserve communications with Col. Murphy when the 
latter surrendered to General Van Dorn, thereby frustrat- 
ing Grant's original plan of the capture of Vicksburg. At 
Lake Providence he was promoted First Lieutenant for gal- 
lantry, and subsequently was detailed in command of a 
select corps of sharp-shooters, which he commanded in 
front of Ransom's brigade during the memorable siege on the 
works of Vicksburg. July 12 his brigade captured Natches 
after a gallant fight, and here he was assigned to command 
Company E as mounted infantry. He made several raids 
and excursions through the Mississippi and Louisiana, cap- 
turing Fort Beauregard. His regiment joined Sherman in 
April and accompanied him during his march to the sea. 
He was mustered out January 15, 1865, and came to Chi- 
cago in May, 1865. After working at the old Galena depot 
and for the Board of Public works, he was appointed 
County Agent. In the fall of 1884 he was elected Clerk of 
the Superior Court. 

THOMAS W. SENNOTT. 

The clerk of the Probate Court of Cook county was 
born in Cincinnati, Ohio, and is about thirty-three years of 



COUNTY EMPLOYES. 305 

age. His parents hail from Wexford County, Ireland. He 
is a carriage maker by trade. In 1879 he occupied a re- 
sponsible position with the North- Western Nail Company, 
and resigned when appointed a Deputy Sheriff under Hoff- 
man. He subsequently resigned under General Mann to 
run in 1882 for his present position. He ran very far ahead 
of his ticket . 

HENRY BEST. 

This gentleman is the Clerk of the Circuit Court of 
Cook county. He was born in the " Patch", foot of Thir- 
teenth street, in Chicago, December 22, 1848, and is the 
son of Mathias Best, the first brewer in Chicago, and who 
now stands at the head of the brewing fraternity. His first 
experience in business was as a grocer. Gradually, how- 
ever, he drifted into politics. He served two terms as a 
constable under Justice Haines. Sheriff Hoffman appointed 
him a deputy and he was reappointed under Sheriff Han- 
chett. He was elected Clerk of the Circuit Court in the 
fall of 1884. 

JOHN STEPHENS. 

The Clerk of the Criminal Court was born in Albany, 
New York, in 1839, and is of German decent. He has been 
repeatedly, elected by extraordinary majorities. His family 
settled in Chicago as early as 1844. Mr. Stephens was 
first employed in the furniture store of Thomas Manahan, 
205 Lake street, and subsequently became a property man 
in one of the old time theaters. The sock and buskin en- 
gross his leisure hours today. At the out break of the war 
sham battles lost their interest for Mr. Stephens and join- 
ing the Nineteenth Illinois, the blank cartridges of the 
stage were forgotten when two grape shots carried away his 
left foot in the battle of Chickamauga, and he was made 
a prisoner for fifteen days. While a sergeant he yet com- 
manded Company K at Stone Eiver. He was in the Regis- 
try department of the postoffice when elected coroner. 
20 



306 THE POLITICAL HISTORY OF CHICAGfO. 

Principal Deputy, James M. Doyle; Chief Clerk, Chris- 
topher Mamer; Court Eecord Writer, James G. Hamilton; 
General Record Writer, George R. Rockfeller; Fee and 
Process Clerk, Henry F. Stephens; Court Clerk, Jethro W. 
Getman; Platter and Office Clerk, Felix V. Buschick; 
Cashier and Quasi-Criminal Record Writer, William S. 
Powell; Office Clerks, Robert Mitchell, Joseph W. Sexton, 
Harry S. Ryce. 

CHRISTOPHER MAMER. 

Christopher Mamer, Record-writer in the office of the 
Clerk of the Criminal Court was in the State Senate of" 
Illinois while only twenty-nine. In the very first session 
he reached a prominence vouchsafed to but few of his 
associates. He was born in Siebenborn, in the county of 
Kapele, Luxembourg, in 1852, and in 1854 the family 
made Chicago its home. Up to the age of twelve he at- 
tended a public school, and was subsequently placed in 
the college of St . Mary's of the Lake, where he graduated 
with high honor in 1864. Two years experience in the 
Illinois School of Trade completed his scholastic ordeal. 
He then served his apprenticeship to the jewelry .trade for 
five years. After the great fire of 1871 he became a dis- 
tributor of alms to the worthy poor for the Relief and Aid 
Society. After a few months he retired to become' 
custodian of funds sent to Chicago by his uncle in Wis- 
consin to help rebuild the cremated city of Chicago . In> 
May, 1880, he entered the office of Clerk of the Criminal 
Court as a record-writer. 

Senator Mamer's first experience in politics was in 
1874, when his activity as a Republican in the very in- 
most recesses df the Democratic stronghold at once estab- 
lished him in the good graces of his party . In a very 
brief time he was rewarded with the position of Secretary 
of the Cook County Republican Central Committee . He 
held this for four years. In November, 1880, his party 



COUNTY EMPLOYES. 307 

elected him a State Senator. Among other measures he 
has distinguished himself in the railroad and warehouse 
investigation in the effort to reduce the Pullman sleeping 
car rates, and in the discussion on the bill to define the 
right of may of railroads the passage of which Mr. Mamer 
claimed would obtain a revenue sufficient to run the whole 
city government. 

M. L. COFFEEN. 

The Chief Clerk of the Superior Court is Milo Lester 
Coffeen. He was born in Antwerp, Jefferson county, 
N. Y., Dec. 20, 1850. In 1860 the family came to Chi- 
cago. In 1871 Mr. Coffeen entered the Superior Court, 
and by his industry and strict attention to business secured 
his present responsible position. 

HENRY C. STEWART. 

One of the nimblest clerks in the Superior Court, and 
one of the best looking, is Henry C. Stewart, better known 
around the county building as "Hank." He is a brother 
of poor "Jim'* Stewart, now dead, who was at one time 
Recorder of Cook county. Poor "Jim " was generous to a 
fault, and no man's misery ever escaped him unheeded. 
He lifted a burden from many a sore heart in his day. 

Henry Stewart was born in Buffalo, N. Y., in 1848, and 
came to Chicago with his parents in 1850. Schooled in 
Rockford, 111., he had just learned the baker business 
when he received an appointment in the postoffice. In 
1872 he entered the office of his brother, the Recorder. 
In 1876 he was placed in his present position. On Feb. 7, 
1877, he married Miss Mary E. Harris, the daughter of 
Ex-County Commissioner Harris. 

JAMES J. HEALY. 

This gentleman is one of the Deputy Clerks of the Su- 
perior Court and is recognized at once by his military car- 
riage. He was born March 6, 1848, in county Kerry, Ire- 



308 THE POLITICAL HISTORY OF CHICAGO. 

land, whence after his father's death and when our sub- 
ject was twelve years of age, the family came to America. 
He was educated in St. Mary's of the Lake under the 
guardianship of Dr. McMullen, and subsequently attended 
Notre Dame. He was working for his uncle doing busi- 
ness under the firm name of Colin & O'Brien when the war 
commenced. His passion for military life made him a 
soldier at the age of fifteen. He enlisted in the One 
Hundred and Thirty-second Volunteer Infantry in Com- 
pany G. He served one year and three months in the 
regiment when he was mustered out, October 17, 1864, 
having participated with high honor at Shiloh and other 
notable battles. He immediately reenlisted in the 
regular army in the Thirty-second United States In- 
fantry, and was promoted to the rank of first 
Sergeant. He was mustered out at Camp Verde, 
Arizona Territory, under general order No. 31, 
paragraph H., dated San Francisco, May 12, 1869. 
He returned to Chicago, and his military experience ob- 
tained him the position under Mark Sheridan as drill- 
master of the police force. He served for two years and 
then entered the postoffice in the registry department. 
When his brother was elected Clerk of the Superior Court 
he was appointed to his present office. Mr. Healy has 
always been a consistent Republican, and has done much 
to aid that party. 

WILEY S. SCRIBNER. 

Wiley Smith Scribner, Recorder for Cook County, better 
known as Colonel Scribner, was born in Jacksonville, 111., 
in 1840. When a year old his father died, and when eight 
years old his mother remarried and removed to Jamestown, 
Grant County, Wis., where Wiley was placed in the dis- 
trict school. 1859 he went, with others, to Colorado, 
where up to 1860 he was engaged in mining. In this year 



COUNTY EMPLOYES. 309 

he connected himself with a variety firm in Boscobel, Wis. 
When the war broke out, in company with a lawyer named 
Merrick, in Grant county, he started a company for the 
three months' service, under the call for 75,000 men but 
the quota of the state had been previously filled. Dis- 
banding, he entered Company I, of the Sixteenth Wiscon- 
sin Infantry in 1861, and participated in the hard fought 
battles of the West, receiving three wounds. He fought 
at Shiloh, Corinth, luka, Vicksburg, the campaign and 
capture of Atlanta, the march to the sea, and was mus- 
tered out in 1865. He served on Gen. Charles Swing's 
staff in the march to the sea, retiring as First Lieutenant. 
He then reentered the grocery and dry goods business in 
Grant County. Here he was also Postmaster and Town 
Clerk, and in 1866 and '67 was a member of the Legisla- 
ture. In 1867 he went to Montana, and was business man- 
ager and city editor of the Helena Herald. In 1869 he 
was appointed Secretary of the Territory, and acted for 
two years. In 1870 he married the daughter of Gen. T. 
Reynolds. In 1870, with a Mr. McCormick, he estab- 
ished the Pioneer in Missoula, Montana, and alone treated 
in Jocko Valley and at the head of the Flathead River 
trading posts, with the "Flatheads," "Kootenas," and 
" Penderilles." In 1872 he returned to Wisconsin. In 
1873 he came to Chicago and entered the law office of 
Isham & Lincoln, son of the martyred President and ex- 
Secretary of War, having been admitted to practice in 
Wisconsin in 1866. Subsequently he filled the position of 
a clerk in the Superior Court. He then accepted the posi- 
tion af Deputy Clerk in the Probate Court. In the fall of 
1884 he was elected Recorder. Colonel Scribner is con- 
nected with numerous organizations, civic and military, 
among which may be mentioned the Chicago Union Vete- 
eran Club, Veteran Union League, Loyal League of 



310 THE POLITICAL HISTORY OF CHICAGO. 

America, Grand Army of the Republic, and the First 
Brigade of the Illinois National Guards. 

The following is the roster of the Recorder's office : 
Recorder, Wiley S. Scribner; Deputy Recorder, James 
Stroud ; Recording Clerk, L. C. Homines; Superinten- 
dent Folio Department, Fred . C . Kile ; Clerks, Horace 
E. Smith, Jacob S. Curtis, James Thomas, H. R. Green, 
Robert G. Reed, Samuel E. Erickson, S. Daniels, W. E. 
Day, P. H. Schmitz, Frank W. Teeple, E. S. Bullock, C. 
Duffield, Frank N. Coffin, George E. Woodwell, C. E. 
Southard. W. W. Manzy, S. J. Williamson, W. C. Phillips, 
A . C . Arentz, James A . Price ; Map Clerk, E . Ruleshau- 
ser; Clerk, William Ludewing, A. J. Le Brun, F. A. 
Brokoski . 

Abstract Department. Order Clerk, W. S. Kaufman; 
Abstract Makers, N . Buschwork, George R . Cannon ; 
Assistant Abstract Makers, T. H. Reynolds, L. H. Weil; 
Clerks, Samuel Kerr, Edwin Plowman, A. S. Reeves, 
James J . McGrath '; Abstract Writers, Oscar D . Howes, 
Theo. Stemming, E. J. Burkert; Clerks, S. W. Reder- 
burg, John F. Stinson, R. M. Burke. 

JAMES STKOUD. 

The Deputy Recorder of Cook county, was born De- 
cember 28, 1844, in Dorsetshire, England. Apprenticed 
to the dry goods business in London in 1858, he pursued 
that business up to his entering politics. He came to Chi- 
cago in 1870, and assumed the management of a depart- 
ment in the store of Ross & Gossage. He subsequently 
became connected with the immense dry goods firm of 
Field, Leiter & Co., Clapp, Young & Co., and Clapp & 
Davies. In 1882 he was appointed Record Writer in the 
Probate Court, under Col. W. S. Scribner, who, on being 
elected Recorder, appointed him Chief Deputy. The peo- 
ple indorse Mr. Scribner's selection. 



COUNTY EMPLOYES: 31 1 

FRED C. KILE. 

The able and courteous Superintendent of the Folio 
Department of the Recorder's office, was born in Chicago, 
January, 1849. When quite young he left the high school 
with credit, and completed his studies in the normal 
school. Having graduated, he entered the wood arid coal 
business for himself, in the town of Blue Island, and sub- 
sequently became connected with the engineering depart- 
ment of the Western railroad. Mr. Kile became Superin- 
tendent of Folio in February, 1882, a most responsible 
position indeed. 

FRANK B. LAKE. 

The Chief Clerk of the Probate Court is Frank B. 
Lane, who, a son of old James Lane, one of the most prom- 
inent pioneers in Chicago's history, was born on February 
4, 1850. Having graduated with distinction at St. Mary's 
of the Lake . At the age of fifteen he enlisted in Mulli- 
gan's famous brigade, and participated in its heroic exploits 
at the front. Mustered out he embarked in mercantile 
pursuits, where his ability was recognized in 1873 by his 
appointment as First Assistant Grain Inspector of the 
Board of Trade. Subsequently he was appointed First 
Lieutenant under " Sandy " Shay, captain of the rattling 
"No. 13," and now Assistant Fire Marshal. Resigning 
this position, fraught with so much peril, Mr. Lane com- 
menced a political career. In 1875 he entered the Superi- 
or Court as a clerk, and his competency while there gained 
for him his present position . He is an indefatigable work- 
er, and under his guidance no hitch seems possible in the 
paraphernalia of the Probate Court of Cook county. 

CHARLES BRADLEY. 

The Chief Deputy in the office of the Circuit Court of 
Cook county, was born April 28, 1856, in Chicago, on 
Madison street, near Franklin. He is the son of Cyrus P. 



312 THE POLITICAL HISTOEY OF CHICAGO. 

Bradley, who was Chief of Police and of the Fire Depart- 
ment, and a nephew of " Tim " Bradley, who was Sheriff 
of Cook county . Educated in the public schools, Charles 
was first employed by Losack & Morris, dealers in hats, 
caps, and furs. He then entered the service of D. W. 
Irwin & Co., on the Board of Trade. In 1867 he entered 
the Sheriff's office under Fischer, continued under "Tim" 
Bradley, and went out a short time after Agnew was 
elected . He served one year in the Recorder's office under 
"Jim" Stewart, and when J. J. Healey was elected Clerk 
of the Superior Court and stayed there during his entire 
term. He received his present position in December, 
1884. He married Hattie E. Shumway November 13, 
1867, and his son, Charles Morris Bradley, aged seventeen, 
is Assistant Book-keeper in the wholesale glove depart- 
ment at Marshall Field's. 

DANIEL D. HEALY. 

Dan Healy, connected with the Circuit Court, pre- 
sided over by Judge Collins, was born in Ireland February 
11, 1847, and came to America in 1852. He studied at 
St. Mary's of the Lake and at the Jesuit College. 

While he served as an engineer during the war he be- 
came generally known in connection with the Chicago Fire 
Department. As a mechanic he had no superior, and as a 
gentleman he had few equals. He was twelve years on the 
Fire Department. When Sheriff Hanchett took possession 
Mr. Healy was appointed one of his deputies. Among the 
organizations to which Mr. Healy belongs may be men- 
tioned the Fireman's Benevolent Association, of which he is 
the Financial Secretary ; the United Order of Workmen, 
and the Policeman's and Fireman's State Association. 

DELOS E. HALL. 

The Deputy Clerk of the Circuit Court was born May 
14, 1840, at Salisbury, Herkimer county, N. Y., and re- 



COUNTY EMPLOYES. 313 

mained in his native place until 1861. In this year he en- 
listed in the Ninety-seventh New York Volunteers and 
served until the close of the war. He fought in about 
thirty engagements, including the Second Bull Run, 
South Mountain, the first and second battles of Fredericks- 
burg and Antietam, Gettysburg, battles of the Wilderness, 
and was present at Lee's surrender. He has been con- 
nected with the Circuit Court as a deputy since December 
1, 1872, and has a fine record. 

JAMES H. BURKE. 

James H. Burke, Deputy Sheriff, was born in Hart- 
ford, Conn., September 10, 1848. In 1850 the family 
came to Chicago, and built upon the corner of Van Buren 
and Jefferson streets the first habitation on the prairie 
west, where now such imposing edifices as the Jesuit 
Church and St. Ignatius College stand. The subject of 
this sketch herded cattle when he was not supplying boats 
on the river with milk . He attended school at O'Connor's 
the first school on the West Side . It stood in the rear of 
old St. Patrick's Church, corner of Randolph and Des- 
plaines streets. As a porter Mr. Burke worked five years 
for J. V. Farwell & Co., at No. 42 and 44 Wabash ave- 
nue, and was thereafter elevated to the superintendency of 
the domestic department. He then established on his 
own account a gents furnishing business at No. 76 West 
Madison street, but failed in 1873 with liabilities of about 
$1,500. This debt the plucky deputy wiped away by his 
savings while acting as a sidewalk inspector, a collector for 
the Board of Public Works, and a Deputy Sheriff. He 
was appointed under Hoffman, and continued under him . 

JOHN BRESTNAN. 

Deputy Sheriff Brennan was born in Galway, March 
24, 1844. In April, 1855, he came to New York and com- 
menced active life as a cabin-boy on the City of Washing- 



314 THE POLITICAL HISTOEY OF CHICAGO. 

ton. In 1857 he entered the grocery trade in Cincinnati, 
but after two years engaged with a wholesale boot and 
shoe house. In 1861 he joined Company F, Second Ohio, 
and subsequently shared in the vicissitudes of the rebell- 
ion. He became a boot and shoe salesman at the close of 
the war. In 1868 he established a hat and cap business at 
No. 171 South Clark street. After the great fire he estab- 
lished a wine and spirit trade and conducted the same 
with profit up to his well-earned appointment as Deputy 
Sheriff, first under Major Hoffman, and them under Gen- 
eral Mann, and finally under Seth Hanchett. 

THEODORE E. STACY. 

Theodore Edwin Stacy, Deputy Sheriff, was born in 
Carlisle, Mass. , February 3, 1837. His father was an Unita- 
rian minister, and Theodore was a mere infant when he was 
carried into the bosom of the Hopedale community in Mit- 
f ord. Having acquired a knowledge of printing in his father's 
office, Theodore, at the age of nineteen, connected himself 
as an express messenger with the Boston & Worcester 
(now Boston & Albany) Railroad. It was a very respon- 
sible position for a young man, large amounts of money 
continually resting in his custody. In the spring of 1861 
he came to Chicago, and obtained employment in the 
United States Express Company. After a year he became 
chief clerk for C. H. Bissell, proprietor of the Matteson 
House, who evinced unbounded confidence in him, and 
afterward assisted Robert Hill. He was first a deputy 
under Sheriff Fischer, then under Ben Cleaves, and served 
two terms with Bradley. When Agnew was elected, Mr. 
Stacy resigned by reason of a difference in politics, and en- 
gaged in the collection and auction business. When Hoff- 
man was elected he was reestablished a deputy, and when 
Sheriff Mann was elected he was reappointed. Mr. Stacy 
has been married three times. His first wife died six 



COUNTY EMPLOYES. 315 

months after marriage, and his second in nine days. His 
present wife is Clara D. Stevens, one of the most noted 
songstresses. 

HENRY L. HERTZ. 

Henry Lamartine Hertz, the Cook County Coroner, was 
born in Copenhagen, Denmark, November 19, 1847. He 
attended the Metropolitan school, and at twenty graduated 
from the University of Copenhagen . His first business 
experience in Chicago, the city of his adoption, was as 
teller in a Scandinavian bank . He was subsequently-con- 
nected with the Commercial Loan Company . In 1872 he 
entered the Recorder's office, where he in 1873 was 
elevated to the grantor of index clerk . In 1876 he was 
elected West Town Clerk . Mr . Hertz is very prominent in 
Scandinavian circles especially. He has been president of the 
Freja Scandinavian Singing Society, and of the Dania So- 
ciety. He represents the fourteenth ward in the Repub- 
lican City Central Committee. 

GEORGE ROCKAFELLER. 

George R. Rockafeller, Deputy in the Criminal Court, 
was born in the city of New York, March 23, 1838, at- 
tended the public school up to 1855, and thence to 1858 
taught school. From 1856 to 1863 he was Cashier of the 
Freight Department of the North-Western. He then joined 
the army as Chief Clerk of the Quartermaster's Depart- 
ment in the Mississippi River Brigade, and ram fleet. 
The Quartermaster, becoming Disbursing Officer of Lou- 
isiana and Texas, in the Department of the Gulf with 
headquarters in New Orleans, where the volunteer service 
was relieved by General Sheridan in 1865, he was ap- 
pointed Secretary of the Board of Aldermen and Assistant 
Alderman of New Orleans. In 1868 he was made the As- 
sessor of the principal business district. Experience in 
brokerage followed up to 1873. In this year he accepted 



316 THE POLITICAL HISTORY OF CHICAGO. 

a traveling auditorship on the Chicago & North- Western. 
In 1877 he was created Deputy Clerk in the Criminal ' 
Court. 

Following are the names of the attaches of the Circuit 
Court : Deputy Clerks E. M. Freeze, J. M. Wilson, J. 
P. Emmert, Eugene Seeger, Henry Esdohr, R. R. Stevens, 
J. D. Hall, Julius Heinburg, John Seinwerth. 

NEIL S. GRAVES. 

Neil S. Graves, Deputy Clerk of the Probate Court, is 
of German-Scotch descent, Edinburgh being the birth-place 
of his father, and Glasgow, of his mother. In the latter 
place Neil Stewart was born, June 3, 1840. When but 
three years of age his mother died and the family went to 
Providence, Rhode Island. In 1850 the folks settled in 
Boone county, 111., where in Garden Prairie, the father 
acted as station agent for the old Galena road for eleven 
years. At the age of eighteen, Neil went on the road as a 
switchman, and was afterward a brakeman. Going south 
he ran for a time upon the Northern Missouri railroad, tra- 
veling extensively in Missouri, Kentucky and Tennessee. 
In 1862 he enlisted in Company A., the Ninety-fifth Illi- 
nois Volunteer Infantry as First Corporal, but after nine 
months' service was discharged on account of bleeding at 
the lungs. He then ran upon the Hannibal & St. Joseph 
road as a baggeman, brakeman and conductor. In 1865 
he came to Chicago and became Superintendent of the 
Chicago division of the Pullman Palace Car Company, 
where he served about nine years. His savings he invested 
in the gent's furnishing business in the Methodist 
church block, but the enterprise was not a success. When 
Mr. Hanchett was elected Probate Clerk he entered his 
office. In 1880 he was elected West Town Clerk on the 
Republican ticket, running ahead of the supervisor by 
about 700 votes. 



COUNTY EMPLOYES. 317 



JETHRO M. GETMAN. 

Jethro Madison Getman, Record Clerk in the Criminal 
Court, was born in Columbia, Herkimer county, New 
York, in August, 1837; and in 1855 came to Chicago, 
finding employment at once in the office of the United 
States Express Company. He stayed but a brief time here 
before he decided to establish a grocery business. This he 
conducted up to a short time before the commencement of 
the War of the Rebellion, when he went to Michigan and 
raised in St. Joseph a company which was mustered into the 
Forty-second Illinois Infantry, and was distinguished by the 
letter "G." With this company he traversed southwestern 
Missouri when Halleck pursued Price, and participated 
among other engagements in the battles of Stone River, 
Corinth and Lookout Mountain. After the last named 
battle he entered the secret service, with headquarters in 
Memphis. In 1864 he resumed the grocery business in 
Chicago, but was quite unfortunate, being compelled to 
withdraw after a short experience. He then accepted the 
position of a carrier in the United States postoffice, where 
he rose by exemplary work to the superintendency of car- 
riers under Gen. McArthur. In 1882 he entered the office 
of the clerk of the criminal court. Mr. Getman is a mem- 
ber of several prominent societies, among them the Grand 
Army of the Republic and the Union Veteran Club . 

HENRY F. STEPHENS. 

Henry F. Stephens, Record-Writer in the office of the 
Clerk of the Criminal Court, was born in Chicago in 1854. 
Gifted with remarkable self-reliance and aptitude from an 
early age, Henry was a successful pupil in the several pri- 
vate schools he attended. Fast completing a course of 
English and German, he did not wish to depend upon any- 
body and soon secured a position in the dry goods house of 



318 THE POLITICAL HISTORY OF CHICAGO. 

Simpson & Hughes, afterwards Simpson & Norwell. When 
his brother was elected Coroner he entered his office and 
he continued with him when he was elected Clerk of the 
Criminal Court. 



SCHOOL TEACHERS. 



GE.OE&E HOWLAND. 

The School Superintendent was born in Conway, Mass.. y 
and is probably about forty-five years of age. Graduating 
at Amherst college, where he taught for five years he 
entered the Chicago High School as assistant principal in 
1858. He was elected principal in 1860. In 1880 he was 
elected to his present position. 

SHEPHERD JOHNSON. 

The Veteran Secretary of the Chicago Board of Educa- 
tion was born in New York City, September 18, 1823. 
His early day& were spent on a farm in Kane County, Illi- 
nois. Having been educated in Columbia college, New 
York, he was a teacher from 1845 to 1850 in the Institute 
of Lyons. Five years thereafter he was engaged in the 
grocery business. He came to Chicago- in the fall of 1859> 
and on February 14, 1860 he became connected with the 
Chicago schools. When he came here there were only 120 
teachers, and now there are nearly 1,400. 

JAMES K. DOOLITTLE, JR. 

In electing a President of the Board of Education the 
Directors could not have selected a gentleman more emi- 
nently qualified for the position than James R. Doolittle, 
Jr. Though a prominent lawyer Mr. Doolittle gave much 
of his time to the interests of education and his familiarity 
with the public school system makes him invaluable. 

This gentleman was born in Warsaw, Wyoming county, 
N. Y., April 2, 1845. When sixteen years old he left 

aia 



320 THE POLITICAL HISTORY OF CHICAGO. 

Kacine college and was two years in Washington with his 
father who was United States Senator from Wisconsin, 
during the first years of the war. He graduated from 
Eochester University in 1863. Subsequently he attended 
Harvard College at Cambridge, Mass., and was admitted 
to the bar in Wisconsin in 1866. After practicing law at 
New York he came to Chicago, and up to 1883 practiced 
law with his father. In 1878 he was Democratic candi- 
date in the first congressional district. He ran ahead of 
his ticket, but was defeated by Aldrich. 

The following is a complete list of the teachers em- 
ployed in the city schools : 

Mary A. Abbott, Headley, 194 Wesson ; Alice M. 
Adams, Webster, 2252 Wabash ave.; Carrie G. Adams, 
Polk Street 408 Washington bould. ; Elvira H. Adams, Ar- 
mour Street, 611 Fulton ; Gertrude J. Adams, Webster, 
2252 Wabash ave. ; Kittie E. Adams, Cooper, 476 Center 
ave.; Maggie C. Adams, Longfellow, 476 Center ave., 
Mary T.Adams, W. Thirteenth Street, 476 Center ave.; 
Sophia B. Adams, King, 422, S. Oakley ave.; Hannah 
Adler, Raymond and Brennan, 41 E. Thirteenth ; Ellen 
Ahern, Langland, 552 W. North ave.; Mary Ahern, Von 
Humboldt, 552 W. North ave.; Mary Ahern, Langland, 
2953 Butler ; Lois M. Aiken, Thomas Hoyne, 73 N. State; 
Letitia M. Alexander, Calumet Avenue, Englewood, 111. ; 
Julia C. Alger, Wells, 248 Ohio ; Jennie Allen, Arnold, 
341 Center ; James Carey Ailing, Central Park, 1473 
Washington bould. ; Flora E. Alpiner, Anderson, 418 W. 
Indiana ; Charlotte Alstrup, Burr, 81 W. Ohio ; Annie J. 
Anderson, Motley, 422 W. Ohio ; Mary V. Anderson, 
Kosciusko, 345 W. Indiana ; Nellie W. Anderson, Haven, 
2910 Indiana ave. ; May Andrews, Montefiore, 251 Win- 
chester ave.; Edith Armstrong, Went worth Avenue, "The 
Walton," N. Clark ; Lizzie H. Armstrong, Calumet Ave- 
nue, 3811 Indiana ave.; Emma Atkinson, Jefferson, 



SCHOOL TEACHERS. 321 

581 W. Harrison ; Georgiana M. Austin, LaSalle, 328 
Hudson ave. ; Carrie L. Averill, Irving, 420 Warren 
ave. ; Grace B. Avers, Washington, 420 Warren ave.; 
Lillie G. Ayres, Central Park, 420 Warren ave., 
Laura D. Ayres, Armour Street, 537 W. Jackson ; 
Charles F. Babcock, Holden, 2701 Michigan ave. 
bould. ; Olive Backus, Wells, 658 Fulton ; Annie Laurie 
Bacon, Sheldon, 359 Wells ; Hattie B. Bacon, dewberry, 
359 Wells ; Elizabeth Baertschy, Throop & Longfellow, 77 
Langdon ; Charlotte 0. Bailey, South Division High, 2971 
Michigan ave. ; Cecelia H. Bailey, Thomas Hoyne, 96 Dear- 
borne ave. ; Lily M. Baird, Langland, Humboldt Park ; 
Mary J. R. Bairnson, Lincoln street, 673 W. Superior ; 
Julia A. Baker, Walsh, 2888 Archer ave. ; Marie L. Baker, 
Lincoln, 1839 Frederick ; Mary E. Baker, Sheridan, 161 S. 
Green ; Agnes E. Ball, Washington, 10 S. Ada ; Grace M. 
Banks, Walsh, 414 W. Monroe ; George C. Bannan, Haven, 
3149 Prairie ave. ; Fanny A. Barber, Lincoln, 1854 Wel- 
lington, L. V. ; Matey C. A. Barber, Armour Street, 537 
W. Jackson ; Elvira D. Barclay, Newberry, 444 Garfield 
ave. ; Elvira M. Barclay, Arnold, 444 Garfield ave. ; Esther 
J. W. Barker, Headley, 236 Bissell ; Alice L. Barnard, 
Jones, Washington Heights ; Alice S. Barnard, Webster, 
Washington Heights-; ErastusA. Barnes, Keith, 3445 Indi- 
ana ave, ; Myra L. Barnes, Keith, 3445 Indiana ave. ; Lou 
P. Barrett, Raymond, 3826 La Salle ; Adelina T. Bartelme 
N. & W. Division High, 355 Ogden ave. ; Mary M. Bar- 
telme, Armour Street, 355 Ogden ave. ; Emma H. Bartels, 
Franklin, 1727 Frederick, L. V.; Charles S. Bartholf, 
Emerson, 1434 Wabash ave. ; Ellen B. Bastin, South Divi- 
sion High, S. Park ave. near Thirty-third ; Nellie F. Bates, 
Douglas, 3620 Vernon ave. ; Ida Bauer, Calumet Avenue, 
108 Twenty-fourth ; Maggie H. Bauld, Kosciusko, 1276 W. 
Van Buren ; Nelly M. Baumann, Ogden, 1844 Wellington 
ave., L. V.; Lizzie Bean, Montefiore, 427 W. Monroe; 
21 



322 THE POLITICAL HISTORY OF CHICAGO. 

Nellie B. Beaubien, Wells, 34 N". Irving Place ; Lenora E. 
Beck, Scammon, 17 Loomis ; Lizzie F. Beck, Headley, 
593 N. Clark ; Marie N. Beder, Headley, 359 Lincoln ave. ; 
Emma Beckley, Oakley, 105 N. Center ave. ; Theresa E. 
Beckley, Oakley, 105 N. Center ave.; Anna Bedmann, 
Central Park, 718 N. Wood ; Annie Bectin, Huron Street, 
36 Whiting ; Elizabeth B. Beebe, Kosciusko 1169 Milwaukee 
ave.; Charlotte Bell, Headley, 600 Lincoln ave.; Lottie 
L. Bellwood, Central Park, Central Park, Cicero. 
Clara C. Bennett, Oakland, 87 E. Washington; Bertha 
Benson, Skinner, 208 S. Paulina; Fannie E. Benson, 
Thomas Hoyne, 244 Erie Street; Lydia Benzing, Dore, 47 
Willow; Elizabeth L. Bergen, Marquette, 385 Oak; Eosa- 
lie F. Bergh, Arnold, 354 Mohawk; Anna E. Bertrand, 
Garfield, 264 Maxwell; Grace Beryson, Vedder Street, 189 
Wesson; Alice C. Bevans, Ogden, 24 Wisconsin ; Homer 
Bevaiis, La Salle, Englewood; Alice A. Bigelow, Douglas, 
3020 Indiana ave.; Lucretia J. Bigelow, Scammou, 178 S. 
Morgan; Mary L. Birge, Sheridan, 3150 Forest ave.; Or- 
lando Blackman, Sp. T. Vocal Music, 520 Fulton; Helen 
N. Blanchard, Washington, 616 Fulton; Emma K. Blanks, 
Holden, 1466 Michigan ave.boul.; Mary C. Blanks, Healy 
and Holden, 1466 Michigan ave. boul. ; Louise C. Blanks, 
Cottage Grove. 1466 Michigan ave. boul. ; Lewis J. Block, 
Sheridan, 2232 Wabash ave. ; Florence N. Blodgett, Clarke, 
404 S. Oakley ave. ; Jessie E. Blodgett, Dore, 1075 W. 
Jackson; Annie D. M. Bockius, La Salle, 1218 Wright- 
wood ave., L. V.; Henrietta Bode, Brainard, 1010 N. Hal- 
sted; Johanna Bode, Skinner, 1010 N. Halsted; Mary E. 
Boland, La Salle, 138 Eugenia; Clara D. Bolton, King, 
1002 W. Monroe; Mary Bonfield, Ward, 3025 Wabash ave.; 
Johanna M. Bonne, Brighton, 2406 Wabash ave.; Agnes 
Boughan, Carpenter, 286 Warren ave. ; Mary J. W. 
Boughan, Brown, 286 Warren ave.; Kittie M. J. Bowen, 
Franklin, 25 Town; 'Mary M. Boyce, La Salle, 480 Web- 



SCHOOL TEACHERS. 323 

ster ave. ; Helen W. Boyden, Lincoln, 864 N. Halsted; 
Hedwig F. Braasch, Anderson, 254 La Salle ave. ; Ella 
Bracken, Skinner, 269 Illinois; Anna A. Bracken, Ogden, 
269 Illinois; Braddie B. Bradford, Arnold, 339 Dayton; 
Annie Braddish, Kosciusko, 7 Austin ave. ; Susie N. Brad- 
ley, Jones, 2964 S. Park ave. ; Emma A. Brady, Arnold, 
604 Sedgwick ; M. Arabella Brady, Marquette, 11 Aber- 
deen; Mary C. Brady, Webster, 1091 W. VanBuren; James 
H. Brayton, Webster, 6359 Yale ; Laura T. Brayton, Skin- 
ner, 638 W. Jackson ; Sarah T. Brayton, Von Humboldt, 
778 Dana Ave.; Mary E. Brazill, McClellan, 3038 Lowe 
ave.; Mary 0. Brechbill, Headley, 281 Webster ave.; Agnes 
Brennan, Keith, 3158 Wabash ave.; Kittie Brennan, Jones, 
133 E. Twenty-second; Harriet M. Bridgman, Wells, 782 
Washington bould.; Amelia C. Briggs, Lincoln, 24 Wiscon- 
sin; Ida M. Briggs, Clarke, 237 Winchester ave.; Oryille 
T\_Bright, Douglas, 3544 Forest ave. ; Adella M. Britain, 
Grant, 1075 W. Jackson; Maria Brodt, Grant, 406 W. 
Harrison; Mary Brookins, Lawndale, Downer's Grove; 
Sarah A. Brooks, Haven, 1832 Wabash ave.; Eosalie Brosz, 
Skinner, 170 E. Indiana; Marie A. Broussais, S. & N. Div. 
High, 211 Thirty-second; Bridget M. Brown, McClellan, 
3156 Ulhman; Emma L. Brown, Central Park, 773 Wal- 
nut; Jane D. Brown, Armour Street, 1301 W. Madison; 
Kate Brown, Clarke, 667 W. Adams; Mary E. Brown, 
Pickard, 434 Irving pi. ; Minnie A. Brcwn, Brenan, 3120 
Butterfield; Lizzie R. Browne, Douglas, 308 Thirty-first; 
Mary B. Bryant, Central Park, 15 Francisco; Catherine L. 
Buckley, Franklin, 638 Wells; Lizzie C. Buckley, Frank- 
lin, 638 Wells; Lynora L. Buckley, La Salle, 638 Wells' 
Caroline Buechel, Scammon, 756 W. Madison; Elizabeth 
E. Buhmann, Moseley, 19 Mohawk; Sophia Bull, Armour 
Street, 186 Evergreen ave. ; Mary E. Burbank, Irving, 315 
Flournoy; Louise M. Burcky, Moseley, Englewood; Aggie 
R. Burgess, Lincoln Street, 718 Superior; Maggie E. Burke, 



324 THE POLITICAL HISTORY OF CHICAGO. 

Oakley, 871 Fulton; Mary Burke, Pearson Street, 190 Chest- 
nut pi. ; Mary L. Burke, Armour Street, 664 "VV. Erie; Nellie 
M. Burke, Motley, 199 N. Paulina; Annie M. Burns, Lin- 
coln Street, 189 Park ave. ; Helen M. Burns, TV. Thirteenth 
Street, 329 S. Morgan; Maggie E. Burns, Kinzie, 25 Goe- 
the; Mary Burns, Washington, 194 N. May; Martha A. 
Burrows, Wells, 549 W. Erie; Mary E. Burt, Jones, 74 
Bryant ave.; Augusta J. A. Burtch, Haven, 2929 Butter- 
field; Lillie E. Bosch, Throop, 37 Winthrop pi.; Louise 
Busch, Burr, 305 Bissell; Rose Busch, Longfellow, 37 
Winthrop pi. ; Anna E. Bushnell, Lincoln, 24 Wis- 
consin; Emma A. TV. Butler, Keith, Normal Park; 
Helen A. Butler, Headly, 410 Dayton ; Hattie M. But- 
terfield, Pearson Street, Commercial Hotel ; Augusta E. 
Butts, Washington, 10 S. Ada. 

Mary Cahill, Oak Street, 334 Hudson ave.; Mary 
L. Cahill, Sheridan, 62 Swift Place; Sara F. Cairns, 
Garfield, 498 S. Morgan; Laura R. Caldwell, TV. 
Jackson Street, 339 Warren ave.; Alice E. Calvert, 
Webster, 4225 Wolcott ave.; Elizabeth D. Campbell, 
Lincoln Street, 112 S. Lincoln ; Ellen A. Campbell, 
Haven, 1911 Wabash ave.; Jennie C. Campbell, Ander- 
son, 843 K Robey; Mary B. Campbell, Dore, 297 W. 
Van Buren ; Celia Canaday, Carpenter, 644 TV. Jackson ; 
Susie 0. Canevin, Huron Street, 21 Starr; Alice B. Can- 
ney, Wentworth Avenne, 191 Twenty- Fourth ; Abbie A. 
Cannon, Vedder Street, 32 Goethe ; Mary E. Cannon, 
Franklin, 270 N. Franklin ; Theresa A. Cannon, Franklin, 
270 N. Franklin ; Hannah R. Carabine, Holden, 2728 
Archer ave.; Susie A. Carey, Throop, 529 TV. Taylor; 
Ellen W. Carpenter, Brown, 62 Park ave.; Jennie S. Car- 
penter, W. Thirteenth Street, 232 Ewing ; Lizzie V. 
Carroll, Cooper, 349 Center ave.; Sarah A. F. Carroll, 
Foster, 207 Henry ; Mary Carson, Sheridan, Arlington 
Heights ; Antonie J. Carstens, King, 150 W. Randolph ; 



SCHOOL TEACHERS. 325 

Yanilla V. Carter, Wells, 696 W. Lake ; Anna S. Gary, 
Walsh, 373 W. Monroe ; Sophie M. Case, Hayes, 396 War- 
ren ave. ; Nellie E. Casey, Foster, 637,8. Ashland ave.; 
Maggie B. Casey, West Thirteenth Street, 46 S. Peoria ; 
Maggie A. Cashin, Pearson Street, 33 Whiting ; Bella Cas- 
pary, Irving, 386 Oak ; Maggie M. Cassidy, Longfellow, 53 
Newberry ave.; Sarah A. Cassidy, Longfellow, 53 Newberry 
ave.; Catharine B. M. Cavanah, King, 1177 Adams; Lizzie A. 
Cavanah, King, 1177 Adams ; Julia A. Cavanaugh, Huron 
Street, 155 E. Indiana; Georgiana Chacksfield, Lincoln 
Street, 7 S. Peoria ; Mary G. Chadwick, Cottage Grove, 
3632 Stanton ave.; Carrie E. Chapin, Moseley, Engle- 
wood, 111.; Ann E. Chapman, La Salle, 661 La Salle 
ave.; Emily A. Chapman, W. Jackson Street, 1239 
Wilcox ave.; Susie E. Chart, Lincoln, 286 Erie.; 
Alice M. Chase, W. Jackson Street, 1105 W. Jackson; 
Sophie Chenoweth, Moiitefiore, 981 W. Monroe; Sara Chil- 
vers, Foster, 110 Miller; Effie M. Christensen, Langland, 
173 W. Indiana; Kate J. Christian, Moiitefiore, 152 N. 
Sangamon; Libbie A. Christian, Moiitefiore, 152 N. San- 
gamon;Emma E. Christie, Garfield, Englewood; Kate M. 
H. Christopher, Wells, 199 N. Eobey; James F. Claflin, 
W. Division High, Lombard; Jennie M. Clancey, Lincoln, 
315 Lincoln ave.; Margaret A. Clancey, Brighton, 3235 
Fox; Minnie N. Clancey, Ogden, 37 Beethoven pi. ; Annie 
B. Clark, Hayes, 806 Fulton; Lottie C. Clark, Foster, 377 
Marshfield ave. ; Luella H. Clark, Elizabeth Street, 651 
Washington bould. ; Margaret F. Clark, King, 857 W. Jack- 
son; Fannie E. Clarke, Armour Street, 853 Washington 
bould.; Hattie Clarke, Hayes, 602 Fulton; Jennie Clarke, 
Dore, 166 Aberdeen; Maria P. Clay, Calumet Avenue, 2937 
Vernon ave. ; George M. Clayberg, W. Division High, 204 
Dearborn ave.; Diana H. Clock, Montefiore, 564 W. Erie; 
Lizzie M. Cobb, Franklin, 372 Oak; Helen V. Cochran, 
Burr, Evanston; Martha Cochrane, Longfellow, 86 Centre 



326 THE POLITICAL HISTORY OF CHICAGO. 

ave. ; Esther L. Coe, Calumet Avenue, 124 Twenty-fourth; 
Lizzie M. Coffee, Vedder Street, 320 Mohawk; Annie G. 
E. Cohn, Brenan, 2488 Archer ave. ; Francelia Colby, Cot- 
tage Grove, 3039 Grand bould. ; Laura G. Colby, Haven, 
3639 Grand bould.; Sarah Colby, King, 862 W. Adams; 
Festus C. Cole, W. Division High, 2227 Wabash ave. ; Ger- 
trude 0. Cole, Calumet Avenue, 3139 Forest ave. ; Mary 
T. Coleman, Kinzie, 242 Superior; Ella R. Coles, Throop, 
Crawford, 111.; Susie E. Colver, McClellan, 100 Douglas 
ave. ; Lizzie A. Comerford, Brenan, 43 9 Twenty-sixth; Helen 
D. Compton, S. Division High, Woodruff House; Robert W. 
Conant, Brainerd, 93 Laflin; Pauline Conde, Throop, 281 
W. Monroe; Rosanna Conley, Oak Street, 219 Townsend; 
Sarah E. Conley, Haven, 1537 Wabash ave.; Sarah C. 
Connelly, Franklin, 52 E. Huron; Bessie M. Connor, 
Walsh, 119 Sebor; Emilie R. Consoer, Wells, 596 N. Ro- 
bey; Emilie H. Cook, S. Division, 2511 Michigan ave.; 
Ida M. Cook, Brighton, cor. Fuller and Ashland ave.; 
Julia M. Cook, Irving, 1152 Fillmore ; Maggie Cook, 
Arnold, 136 Seminary ave.; Anna L. Cooke, Keith, 3531 
Dearborn ; Lottie I Cooley, Wells, 685 W. Superior ; Ella 
J. Cooper, Headley, 256 Tremont ; May H. Cooper, 
Throop, 38 Winthrop place ; Ellen M. Corbin, Jones, 124 
Twenty-fourth ; Lizzie A. Corigan, Calumet Avenue, 3229 
Indiana ave. ; Mary C. Cosgrove, Garfield, 826 W. Taylor ; 
Clara C. L. Cossar, Emerson, 334 Warren ave. ; Susan E. 
Cougle, Wentworth Avenue, 1337 Michigan ave.; Kate 
Cowan, Emerson, 239 S. Robey ; Minnie R. Cowan, McClel- 
lan, 3519 Stanton ave.; Agnes Cox, Asst. vocal music, 591 
W. Van Buren ; Henry C. Cox, Pickard, 426 Irving ave. ; 
Mary E. Grain, Moseley, 2511 Michigan ave.; Oliva A. 
Crane, Elizabeth Street, 16 Hamilton ave.; Helen A. 
Cravens, Brown, 101 Warren ave. ; Emma A. E. Crawford, 
Douglas, 3544 Forest ave.; Antonia A. Crisen, Garfield, 
134 W. Taylor; Gertrude A. Crisler, Headley, 1009 N. 



SCHOOL TEACH EKS. 327 

Clark ; Mary H. Cross, Armour Street, Austin, 111. ; Julia 
A. Crowe, Wentworth Avenue, 3138 Wabash ave. ; Mary 
A. Crowe, Webster, 3138 Wabash ave. ; Fannie J. Crowell, 
Garfield, 185 S. Sangamon ; Francis L. Crumb, Irving, 
845 W. Adams ; Annie F. Cull, Pickard, 225 Sebor ; 
Sara L. Cunningham, Oak street, 296 Dayton ; Delia Cur- 
eton,Von Humboldt. 846 W. Congress ; Mary L. Cureton, 
Emerson, 846 W. Congress ; Mary A. Curie, Ogden, 177 
Oak ; Joanna A. Curran, Throop, 310 Loomis ; Maggie A. 
Curran, W. Thirteenth Street, 310 Loomis ; Emily C. 
Currier, Elizabeth Street, Oak Park, 111. ; Kate B Curtis, 
Walsh, 2209 Archer ave.; Leonidas A. Curtis, S. Division 
High, Waukegan, 111.; Louise S. Curtis, Cottage Grove, 
3418 Rhodes ave.; Marcella Cusack, Hayes, 706 W. Mon- 
roe ; Nell Cusack, Brown, 706 W. Monroe ; Virginia Cusack, 
Irving, 706 W . Monroe ; Julia K . Cutler, Irving, 420 S. 
Leavitt; Lizzie N. Cutter, La Salle, 25 Wisconsin. 

Sarah A. Dabbs, Moseley, 94 Twenty-fifth ; Kate Dalton, 
Newberry; 1209 Seminary Place ; Mary E. Daley, Cooper, 
353 S. May; Ellen T. Daly, Franklin, 29 Ontario; Lizzie R. 
Daly, Ogden, 335 Ohio; Minnie E. Daly, Jefferson, 335 
Ohio; Sarah A. Daly, Holden, 106 Sherman; Martha J. Dan- 
forth, Brown, 342 Warren ave. ; Mary E. Danforth, Jones, 
Englewood, 111.; Mary M. D. Dannehy, Wells, 207 N. Robey; 
Edward E. Darrow South Division, High, 2429 Prairie 
ave.; Justina David, Franklin, 211 Wells; Emma F. Da- 
vis, Marquette, 901 W. Jackson; Mary A. Davis, West 
Jackson Street, 115 Colorado ave. ; Mary E. Davis, Kosci- 
usko, 170 Albany ave.; Maggie E. Davy, Carpenter, 160 
N. May; Mary E. Davy, Franklin, 326 N. Franklin; Nel- 
lie M. Davy, Wells, 160 N. May; Annie S. Dawson, Ar- 
nold, 732 Sedgwick; Mary H. Dean, Polk Street, 185 S. 
Morgan; Sophia L. Dean, Armour Street, 16 Ogden ave.; 
Catherine A. Deder, La Salle, 180 Goethe; Lettie S. 
Decker, Garfield, 294 Center ave . ; Nettie G . Decker, Ar- 



328 THE POLITICAL HISTORY OF CHICAGO. 

nold, 1643 Belmont ave., L. V. ; Catherine Deggeller, Og- 
den, 936 N. Halsted; Annie Degnan, Burr, 194 Carroll 
ave.; Susie E. De Goode, Brainard, 469 S. Robey; Marc 
Delaf ontaine, West Division High, 64 Park ave . ; Addie 
J. DeLano, Wells, 248 Ohio; Bessie Del Banco, Emerson 
& Elizabeth, 25 Walnut; Miriam Del Banco, Emerson, 25 
Walnut; Arvilla C. DeLuce, West Jackson Street, 193 S. 
California ave . ; Mary A . DeLuce, West Jackson Street, 
193 S. California ave.; Agnes E. Dew, Arnold, 381 Day- 
ton; Electa E. Dewey, Calumet Avenue, 2921 Vernon ave.; 
Ella A. Dewey, Skinner, 364 W. Monros; Frances E. M. 
Dewey, Carpenter, 11 S. Ada; James E. Dewey, West Di- 
vision High, 27 S. Ashland ave.; Mary J. Dewey, Healy, 
2921 Vernon ave.; M. Adelia Dickinson, Brown, 98 War- 
ren ave.; Nellie L. Dickson, Scammon, La Grange, 111.; 
Elizabeth F. Dimock, Sp. Teacher Drawing, 422 Washing- 
ton bou.; Lydia A. Dimon, North Division High, 160 
Dearborn ave.; Clara L. Dixon, Douglas, 299 Fifth ave.; 
Kate Dixon, Huron Street, 237 La Salle ave. ; Agnes E. 
Dodd, Brenan, 2524 Fifty-third, H. P.; Margaret T. 
Dodd, Kinzie, Hyde Park; Chester C. Dodge, Oakley, 726 
Washington bould. ; M. Luella Dodge, Sheldon, 183 Howe; 
Maggie S. Dodge, Healy, 3026 Fifth ave. ; Medora E. Dodge, 
Newberry, 183 Howe; Will C. Dodge, Wicker Park, 739 
N. Hoyne ave.; Agnes M. Donahue, Kinzie, 119 Ontario; 
Louise J. Donahue, Foster, 382 Blue Island ave. ; Kate A. 
Donegon, Thomas Hoyne, 545 La Salle ave.; Minnie E. 
Donoghue, Sheldon, 323 Chicago ave. ; Theresa C. Donog- 
hue, Ogden, 323 Chicago ave. ; Genevieve L. Dooley, Burr, 
565 Austin ave.; Minnie Doubek, Carpenter, 381 Fulton; 
Jean Dougall, Ogden, 45 Cedar; Margaret Dougall, Oak 
Street, 45 Cedar; Margart F. Dougherty, La Salle, 265 N. 
Market; Cora E. S. Downer, Keith, 337 S. Leavitt; Au- 
gusta L. Downs, Hayes, 908 W. Monroe; Clara G. Downs, 
Hayes, 908 W. Monroe; Ada A. Dresbach, Headley, 776 



SCHOOL TEACHERS. 329 

Washington bould. ; Laura K. Dresser, Raymond, 3136 In- 
diana ave. ; Flora V. Dryfuss, Brenan, 3227 Forest ave.; 
MaryF. Duck, Foster, 323 S. Paulina; Alice Duffield, 
Cottage Grove, 3020 Groveland ave.; May C. Duffin, 
Jones, 2322 Michigan ave . ; Anna M . Duffy, Polk Street, 
422 W. Jackson; Frances B. Dunbar, Moseley, Engle- 
wood; Mary E. Dunbar, Von Humboldt, 248 E. Ohio; 
Mary Dunlap, W. Thirteenth Street, 640 W. Jackson; 
Therese W. Dunlap, Clarke, 640 W. Jackson; Lizzie J. 
Dunn, Pearson Street, 263 N. Market; MaryF. Dunn, 
Longfellow, 298 Loomis; Amelia M. Dunne, Scammon, 
34 Lanin; Kate F. Dunne, Scammon, 34 Laflin; Mary 
M. Dunton, Emerson, 417 Warren ave.; Nellie Dunton, 
Grant, 417 Warren ave.; Henrietta Dupuy, Newberry, 306 
Belden ave.; Eva C. Durbin, South Division High, 3208 
Prairie ave.; Sophia Durham, Moseley, 2415 Michigan 
ave.; Lucy Duschner, Burr, 310 Bissell; Minnie J. Dwyer, 
Garfield, 40 Newberry ave . ; Ella J . Dymond, Polk Street, 
1060 Wilcox ave.; Hattie Dynan, Lawndale, Crawford; 
Minnie M. Early, Throop, 1021 Madison; Dora Eaton, 
Foster, 232 S. Paulina; Sarah J. Eaton, Nrvvberry, 57 
Wieland; Francisca Ebel, Wentworth Avenue, 2406 Wabash 
ave.; Helena I. Eckstorm, Arnold, 901 Larrabee, L. V.; 
Sophie A. Eckstorm, Newberry, 901 Larrabee, L. V. ; Ma- 
rietta Edington, King, 422 S. Oakley ave. ; Clara E. Eddy, 
Ward, 2532 Dearborn; Katherine Eiles, Langland, 163 
Armitage ave.; Isabel I. Eckstrom, Armour Street, 408 
W. Ohio; Mathilde Eliel, Haven, 1234 Indiana ave.; Kate 
Elliman, Andersen, 701 W. Lake; Emily Elliott, Scammon, 
935 W. Harrison; Mary A. Elliott, Irving, 231 S. Western 
ave., Rosa A. Elting, Oak Street, 395 N. State; Louise C. 
W. Ehvell, Brainard, 45 Campbell Park; Edith M. Embry, 
Burr, 518 Harrison; Adele M. Emery, Webster, 3238 Dear- 
born; Gertrude E. English, Garfield, 295 W. Taylor; 
Jane P. English, Foster, 295 W. Taylor; Mary E. English, 



330 THE POLITICAL HISTOEY OF CHICAGO. 

Thomas Hoyne, 96 Dearborn ave.; Anastasia Ennis, 
Kinzie, 383 Division; Emma Eschenburg, Carpenter, 669 
La Salle; Elizabeth Evans, Lawndale, Central Parkave.; 
Grace E. Evans Skinner, 390 W. Adams; Kate A. 
Evans, Clarke, 8 Eldridge ct. ; Huldah Everitt, Ogden, 349 
N. Clark; Clementine Faber, Jones, 99 Thirty-seventh; 
Emily W. Fairman, Elizabeth Street, 64 St. John's pi. ; 
Mary A. Farnham, Cottage Grove, 132 Thirty-fifth; Cora 
A. Farnsworth, Jefferson, 213 Flournoy; Fannie T. Farrel, 
Vedder Street, 370 Sedgwick; Elizabeth M. Farson, Brown, 
134 Warren ave. ; Nora M. Farson, Clarke, 134 Warren ave. ; 
Eebecca M. Farson, Haven, 134 Warren ave.; Ella M. 
Faucette, Ward, 3002 Wabash ave.; Bertha Feinberg, 
Moseley, 3255 Vernon ave.; Minnie Feldkamp, Skinner, 
303 W. Van Buren; Emma B. Fenimore, Ward, 3208 In- 
diana ave.; Martha P. Fenimore, Moseley, 3208 Indiana 
ave.; Jessie M. Fergus, Ogden, 69 Pine; Kate Ferguson, 
Pickard, 771 W. Congress; Marion Ferguson, Pickard, 771 
W. Congress; Alice E. Field, Garfield, 336 Park ave.; 
Lizzie G. Finkler, Franklin, 32 Delaware pi.; Eveline 
Fischer, Arnold, 642 Sedgwick; Louise Fischer, McClellan, 
3514 Wentworth ave. ; Carrie T. G. Fish, Cottage Grove, 
3144 Indiana ave, ; Josephine G. Fish, AV. Fourteenth Street, 
Blue Island; Lida Fisher, Motley, 142 S. Ashland ave.; 
Maggie A. Fisher, Oakley, 167 S. Green ; Minnetta Fish- 
er, Kosciusko, 188 N. Center ave. ; Ottilie L. Fisher, Lin- 
coln Street, 188 N. Center ave. ; Franklin P. Fisk, West 
Division High, 521 W. Adams ; Lizzie M. Fitzgerald, Mar- 
quette, 114 Winchester ave. ; Mary E. FitzGerald, Headley, 
24 Wisconsin ; Mary A. Fitzpatrick, Thomas Hoyne, 50 
Cass ; Sarah 0. Flagg, Elizabeth Street, Norwood Park, 
111. ; Edith B. Flagler, Marquette, 1020 W. Adams ; Sarah 
A. Fleming, Longfellow, 356 W. Congress ; Sarah G. Flem- 
ing, Newberry, 1016 N. Halsted ; Hattie E. Fletcher, 
Keith, 2232 Indiana ave. ; Tammie E. Flowers, W. Four- 



SCHOOL TEACHERS. .'JO 1 

teenth Street, 174 S. Sangamon ; Joanna E. Foley, Ray- 
mond, 2028 Dearborn ; Elizabeth A. Foltz, Moseley, 2213 
Michigan ave. ; Katharine Fomhof, West Jackson Street, 
1158 W. Jackson ; Bertha Fontayne, Raymond, 3210 For- 
est ave. ; Ida Fontayne, Raymond, 3210 Forest ave. ; Edith 
W. Forbes, Healy, Englewood, 111.; Mary E. Forbes, Healy, 
6252 School, Englewood ; Charles H. Ford, West Jackson 
Street, 1326 W. Adams ; Kate E. Ford, Motley, 176 N". 
Desplaines ; Blanche Foreman, Wentworth Avenue, 3132 
Vernon ave. ; Auguste J. Forster, Andersen, 727 N. Hoyne 
ave.; Malwine Forster, Wells, 727 N. Hoyne ave.; Maggie 
F. Fortune, Ward, 2915 Shields ave.; Lizzie M. Foss, Von 
Humboldt, 269 Bissell ; Alice E. Fox, Lincoln, 293 Or- 
chard ; Lizzie T. H. Frazier, McClellan, 3120 Parnellave.; 
Grace L. Freeman, Elizabeth Street, 47 S. Sangamon ; 
Sarah L. Freiberger, Webster, 3026 Indiana ave. ; Linnie 
Freiberger, Haven, 2916 Calumet ave. ; Charles W. French, 
West Division High, 647 Washington bould.; Emily L. 
French, Ward, 64 Twenty-third ; Belle M. Freund, Polk 
Street, 489 S. Jefferson ; Alice A. Freuud, Langland, 869 
N". Leavitt ; Agnes M. H. Friedel, King, 121 S. Sangamon ; 
Mary Friend, King, 630 W. Monroe ; Emilie Frisbie, 
Walsh, 539 Leavitt ; Helen M. Frisbie, Pickard, 539 Leav- 
itt ; Emma M. A. Frommann, La Salle, 40 Sidney ct. n. 
Diversey ave. ; Ida Frommann, Scammon, 49 Sidney ct. n . 
Diversey ave.; Elsa Fuchs, Throop, 195 La Salle ave.; 
Lillian Fullager, Garfield, 7 S. Peoria ; Ida R. Fuller, 
Oak Street, 225 Oak ; Mary Furey, Marquette, 278 Camp- 
bell ave.; Hattie S. Furney, Cottage Grove, 179 Thirty- 
seventh; Sarah J. F. Furthmann, Lincoln, 575 Orchard, 
L. V. 

Annie Galbraith, Oak Street, 215 Townshend ; M. Lou- 
ise G. Garcia, Newberry, 210 Center; Avi E. Garrison, 
Keith, 3218 State ; Amanda P. Gates, Dore, Washington 
Heights, 111.; Cecelia M. Gavin, Anderson, 65 Walnut; 



332 THE POLITICAL HISTORY OF CHICAGO. 

Kate L. Gavin, Anderson, 65 "Walnut ; Etta Q. Gee, Frank- 
lin 222 Chestnut Place ; Pauline Geib, Newberry, 99 
Orchard ; Lizzie B. Gemmell, Marquette, 540 W . Jack- 
son ; Maggie Gemmell, Irving, 540 W. Jackson ; Emma 
Geselbracht, Kinzie, 176 La Salleave. ; Anna M. Gibbons, 
Healey, 3036 Dashiel ; Celia S. Gibbons, Polk Street, 135 
Lytle ; Lizzie A. Gibbons, Armour Streer, 304 Austin ave. 
Mary Althea Gibbons, La Salle, 1760 Frederick, L. V. ; 
Mary Angela Gibbons, Armour Street, 304 Austin ave. ; 
Sarah M. Gibbs, King, 1099 W. Jackson ; Mary E Gilbert, 
Brighton, 246 E. Twenty-eighth ; Susan Gilbert, Cooper, 
743 W. Congress ; Maggie S. Gill, Franklin, 297 Chicago 
ave.; Jennie E. Gillespie, Foster, 235 Ewing ; Anna E. 
Gillett, Moseley, Kenosha, Wis. ; Jessie L. W. Gillis, Ogden, 
Ninety-first, S . Chicago ; Celia M. Gilmore, Jefferson, 
468 Marshfield ave.; Emma C. Gilmore, Clarke, 468 
Marshfield ave. ; Minnie W. Gills, Oakley, 295 Fulton ; 
Amanda Gimbel, West Division High, 2839 Indiana ave. ; 
Lillian Glanz, Von Humboldt, 36 Bryson ; Annie J, Glenn, 
Wentworth Avenue, 3837 "Wentworth ave. ; Annie C. Gog- 
gin, Franklin, 123 Erie ; Catharine Goggin, Jones, 282 
Idaho ; Lizzie M. Goggin, Franklin, 599 Clybourn ave. ; 
Angie E. Goode, Headley, 327 Eacine ave.; Ella Good- 
man, Cottage Grove, 145 Twenty-first ; Carrie L. Good- 
now, Skinner, 187 S. Oakley ave.; Nellie C. Goodnow, 
Marquette, 187 S. Oakley ave.; Millie A. Goodsmith, 
Ogden, 318 State ; Eveline Goold, Marquette. 1013 W. 
Monroe ; Isabel F. Gooid, Brown, 1013 W. Monroe ; Mary 
E. Gormley, Washington, 347 W . Indiana ; Elizabeth M. 
Gorringe, Newberry, 711 Larrabee ; Emma Gofan, 
South Division High, 2359 S. Park ave.; Elsie 
H. Gould, Vedder Street, 435 La Salle ave.; 
Luna E. Gowdy, Cottage Grove, 3410 Khodes ave.; Susan 
J. Grace, West Division High, 220 Marshfield ave. ; Kittle 
E. Graham, Headley, 38 Bryant ave.; Mattie Graham, 



SCHOOL TEACHERS. 333 

Cooper, 650 W. Twelfth; Miriam L. Graham, Clarke, 650 
W. Twelfth; Annie S. Grant, Keith, Woodruff Hotel; 
Sarah R. Grant, Douglas, 2941 Indiana ave.; Nellie 
Green, Dore, 83 N. Curtis; Lillian E. Greene, Wells, 466 
W. Randolph; Mary Greene, West Thirteenth Street, 336 
W. Polk; Emma M. C. Greenleaf, Wentworth ave., 6557 
Mary L. Greenleaf, Jones, Oak Park, 111.; Tilly Greifen- 
hagen, Cooper, 173 Blue Island ave.; Fanny A. Griffin, 
Hayes, 256 S . Ashland ave. ; Mary E . Griffin, Scammon, 
162 S. Desplaines; Margaret M. Gubbins, Heudley, 767 
Racine ave., L. V.; Julia Gunderson, Kosciusko, 393 W. 
Erie; Eugenie F. Guth, Garfield, 402 W. Congress. 

Emma 0. Haas, Throop, 15 Blue Island ave.; Ralph 
J. Haase, Burr, 210 Waubansia ave.; Ida M. Haberland, 
Andersen, 533 N . Ashland ave . ; Patty A . Hack, New- 
berry, 201 Lincoln ave. ; Frieda Haeger, Emerson, 365 W. 
Taylor; Bessie Haines, Marquette, 288 S. Ashland ave.; 
Mary B . Haire, Ogden, 52 Lincoln ave . ; Bella M . Halket, 
Carpenter, 281 Park ave . ; Margaret Halket, Montefiore, 
281 Park ave.; Alfarata R. Hall, Marquette, 224 S. Paul- 
ina; Annie R. Hall, McClellan, 3016 Vernon ave.; Emo- 
gene E. B. Hall, Skinner, 93 Laflin; Lizzie T. C. Hamm, 
Walsh, 536 W. Jackson; Magdalene Handt, Longfellow & 
Holden, 183 W. Randolph; Roberta W. Hanna, Elizabeth 
Street, 227 S. Lincoln; Annie G. Hannan, Throop, 264 
Henry; Kate Hannan, Hayes, 1026 W. Monroe; Mary 
Hannan, King, 1026 W. Monroe; Mary F. Hannan, 
Throop, 264 Henry; Etta Hannahs, Webster, 3158 Wabash 
ave.; Mary C. F. Hanning, Thomas Ho^ne, 211 La Salle 
ave., Dagmar Hansen, McClellan, 59 University pi.; 
Annie I. Hanson, Burr, 230 N. May; Hermann Hanstein, 
Special Teacher Drawing, 361 Mohawk; Katie A. Hanton, 
Headley, 83 Racine ave . ; Anna Harder, Marquette, 534 
Wells; Nellie Hardick, King, 145 S. Western ave.; 
Agnes M. Hardinge, LaSalle, 720 Wells; Rachel Hargrove, 



334 THE POLITICAL HISTORY OF CHICAGO. 

Pickard, 227 Moore; Mary A. Harkin, Armour Street, 658 
W. Ohio; William Harkins, North DiA r ision High, 147 
Throop; Jennie W. Harkness, Skinner, 708 W. Adams; 
Hattie C. Hartmann, Thos. Hoyne, 350 State; Nellie E. 
Harnett, Ward, 12 Ray ave. ; Mary S. L. Hartigan, Wash- 
ington, 456 W. Ohio; Lizzie L. Hartney, Franklin, 459 
North ave.; Letitia M. Harvey, Brown, 50 S. Sheldon; 
Celia P. Hatch, Ward, 3013 Indiana ave.; Victorine M. 
Havenhill, Raymond, 3743 Forest ave.; Anton ia Hower- 
kamp, Franklin, 139 Oak; Mary Howerkamp, Jones, 139 
Oak; Lily S. Hawley, Throop, 408 W. Congress; Ella J. 
Hawthorne, Wentworth Avenue, 122 Twentieth; Marie A. 
Hayes, Walsh, 730 Throop; Mary E. Hayes, Wells, 434 
W. Ohio; Sarah Hayes, Brainard, 636 W. Sixteenth; Har- 
riett F. Hayward, Clarke, 129 S. Peoria; Laura Hayward, 
Garfield, 129 S. Peoria; Susan M. Hayward, Clarke, 129 
S. Peoria; Florence P. Hazard, Raymond, 2925 Wabash 
ave. ; Emma J. Heath, Burr, Winnetka, 111. ; George W. 
Heath, Ogden, Winnetka, 111.; Celia Hefter, Haven, 1415 
Michigan ave.; Eugenia Hegan, Wentworth Avenue, 218 
Twenty-ninth; Mary Hegan, Healy, 218 Twenty-ninth ; 
Theo. L. Hegan, Cottage Grove, 218 Twenty-ninth; Clara 
Heidenheimer, La Salle, 695 N. Park ave. ; Luella Hein- 
roth, Calumet Avenue, 216 Twenty-ninth; Othelia T. 
Heller, Cooper, 628 Blue Island ave. ; Nellie F. Hender- 
son, Newberry, 663 Sedgwick; Mary A. Hennigan, Frank- 
lin, 27 E. Erie; Mary D. Henning, W. Fourteenth Street, 
138 Barber; Carrie J. Henrickson, Kosciusko, 423 W. In- 
diana; Dora Heuermann, Throop, 120 Clybourn ave.; 
Emma J. A. Heuermann, Newberry, 120^ Clybourn ave. ; 
Minna Heuermanu, Headley, 120 Clybourn ave.; Frank 
S. Heywood, Lincoln, 708 Fullerton ave.; Mary B. Hib- 
bard, Vedder Street, 245 La Salle ave. ; David F. Hicks, 
West Division High, 1034 W. Monroe; Maggie M. Hickey, 
Brighton, 3089 Lyman; Addie E. Hiestand, Jefferson, 



SCHOOL TEACHERS. 335 

749 W. Harrison; Emily L. Hiestand, Clarke, 749- 
W. Harrison; Mary E. Higbee, Kinzie, 301 Illinois; 
Clara E. Higby, West Division High, 273 W. Van Buren; 
Jennie Higgins, Wells, 349 Paulina; Katie Higgins, Web- 
ster, 2923 Broad; Delia L. Hildreth, Anderson, 907 W. 
Harrison; Fred A. Billiard, Wells, 518 W. Harrison; 
Clara M. Hinchman, Jefferson, 149 S. Morgan; Hattie L. 
Hinchman, Cooper, 149 S. Morgan; Minna Hink, Ray- 
mond, 593 N. Clark; Amalia Hirschfeld, Oakley, 17 
Grant; Sue C. Hise, Raymond, 3222 Indiana ave.; Helen 
B. Hoffman, Cottage Grove, 3817 Johnson pi.; Alice A. 
Hogan, Throop, 21 Winthrop pi. ; Joanna E. Hogan, Shel- 
don, 73 Hill; Kate L. Holden, Brown, 174 Warren ave.; 
Mary E . Holligan, W . Fourteenth Street, 206 Maxwell ;, 
Anna M. Holmes, Anderson, 691 Seymour; Dena L. 
Holmes, La Salle, 62 Wisconsin; Mary L. Holmes, Eliza- 
beth Street, 925 W. Harrison; Carrie Homan, Marquette, 
29 Aldine sq. ; Emma Hooke, N ewberry, 305 Webster ave. ; 
Mary J. Hooley, Foster, 492 S. Union; Emily Hopf, Wells, 
7 Samuel; Josephine L. Hopkins, Moseley, 2813 Calumet 
ave. ; Nellie T. Horan, Webster, 3220 Dearborn; S. Annie 
Horlock, Sheridan, 2528 Calumet ave. ; J. Anna G. Hornby, 
Scammon, 18 N. Throop; Julia C. Howe, Emerson, 119 
N. Ashland ave.; Lydia Howe, Scammon, 215 S. Peoria; 
Thekla Hoyer, Irving 15 S. Sheldon; Anna L. Hubbel, 
Grant, 1055 Wilcox ave.; Isabelle E. Hudson, Central 
Park, 873 Park ave. ; Frances M. Hughes, Armour Street, 
354 W. Huron ; Edith Huguenin, West Division High, 
531 La Salle ave.; Virginia Huguenin, Franklin, 531 La 
Salle ave . ; Laura E . Hull, King, 451 S . Leavitt ; Lizzie 
Hull, La Salle, Lake View, 111. ; Anna E. Hundt, Thomas 
Hoyne, 184 La Salle ave. ; Ellen A. Hunt, Newberry, 24 
Wisconsin; Frances C. Hurd, Jefferson, 925 W. Harrison, 
Mary L. Hurley, La Salle, 345 N. Franklin; Mary HyJand, 
Kosciusko, 280 W. Ohio. 



336 THE POLITICAL HISTORY OF CHICAGO. 

Lillian Ingalls, Armour Street, 558 Austin ave.; Maud 
E. Ingersoll, Keith, 3158 Forest ave.; Helen C. Ingram, 
Jefferson, 1072 Wilcoxave.; Fannie M. Isham, Elizabeth 
Street, 218 Warren ave. 

G. Ovedia Jacobs, Motley, 170. Is. Morgan; Mary E. 
Jairen, Polk Street, 353 N. Market; Marguerite G. James, 
Moseley, 311 Thirtieth; Alice W. Jameson, W. Fourteenth 
Street, 859 W. Adams ; Amelia Jampolis, Vedder Street, 
392 Larrabee ; Frances S. Jeneson, Brown, Maywood, 111 . ; 
Minnie E. Jeneson, Wells, Maywood, 111.; Agatha A. Jen- 
nings, Walsh, 145 Aberdeen; Belle T. Jennings, Irving, 
101 2 W . Monroe ; M . Imogene Jennings, Longfellow, 145 
Aberdeen; Mary F. Jephson, Healey, 2531 Wentworth 
ave.; Mina D. Jenson, Newberry, 158 Howe; Anna 
Johnson, Webster, 3922 Indiana ave.; Calla S. Johnson, 
King, 1091 W. Jackson ; Cecelia Johnson, Sheridan, 3922 
Indiana ave . ; Eleanor B. Johnson, Douglas, 3-1-73 Cornell 
ave., H. P.; Eliza A. Johnson, West Jackson Street, 267 
Campbell ave .; HattieA. Johnson, Carpenter, 297 Hermi- 
tage ave.; Lena F. Johnson, Cottage Grove, 3727 Langley 
ave. ; Lorena M . Johnson Ogden, 426 Oak ; Sarah B. John- 
son Pearson Street, 361 Dayton; Harriet P. Johnston, 
Cottage grove, 1205 E. Forty-third ; Lucia Johnston, Jef- 
ferson, 181 Park ave.; Mary F. Johnston, Holden, Dexter 
ave.; near Ashland ave.; Claude M. Jones, Skinner, 254 
W. Congress; Mary E. Jones, West Division High, 261 
Warren ave . ; Mary J . Jones, Skinner, 254 W . Congress, 
Winifred E. Jones, Dore, 254 W. Congress ; Katie Josephi, 
Ward, 139 Twenty-sixth; Isabel T. Joy, Franklin, 228 
Sedgwick ; Nellie Joy, Franklin, 228 Sedgwick ; Emily L. 
Joyce, Foster, 120 Henry ; Libbie Joyce, Lincoln, 412 
Center; Lizzie Jnsti, Burr, 196 Center ave. 

Lydia Kaiser, Motley and Carpenter, 1735 Diversey; 
Lena Kalisky, West Jackson Street, 462 W. Kandolph; 
Minna Kambli, Franklin, 63 Goethe; Loretta Kane, Lang- 



SCHOOL TEACHERS. 337 

land, 984 N. Leavitt; Maggie A. Kane, Brighton, 1528 
Douglas ave. ; Mary T. Kavanagh, Wentworth Avenue, 240 
Sherman; Alice E. Kearns, Walsh, 11G W. Jackson; Sarah 
J. B. Kearsley, Brenan, 2834 Main; Lizzie A. Kelley, 
Brenan, 2724 Hickory; H. Amelia Kellogg, Douglas, 37 
Oak ave.; Minnie P. F. Kellogg, Wentworth Avenue, 
Indiana ave.; Mary E. Kelly, Holden, 2957 Deering; 
Theresa Kelly, Polk Street, 219 Laflin; Ella M. Kelter, 
Montefiore, 1407 Filmore; Anna C. Kelwig, Franklin, 76 
Sedgwick; Lizzie M. Kennedy, Skinner, G97 Washington 
bould.; Annie D. Kenny, Franklin, 298 E. Superior; Mary 
E. Kent. Ward, 191 Twenty-fourth pi.; Annie J. Ker- 
rigan, Holden, cor. Gage and Thirty-sixth; Mary E. 
Kessell, West Fourteenth Street, 259 W. Fourteenth; 
Carrie C. Kevan, Wells, 492 W. Superior; Ida M. G. 
Kewley, Douglas, 3111 Wabash ave.; Annie Kilie, Polk 
Street, 69 Ewing; Ellen Kilie, Garfield, 69 Ewing; Cecilia 

E. Kilroy, Sheldon, 121 Ontario; Ida A. Kimball, Holden, 
3025 Cottage Grove ave. ; Annie E. King, Brighton, 3232 
Paulina; Fanny J. King, Hayes, 277 Park ave., Isabella 
King, Moseley, 2827 Wabash ave.; Mary A. Kingsley, 
Brown, Park Kidge, 111.; Sallie E. Kinsella, Headley, 339 

F. Indiana; Alfred Kirk, Moseley, 2312 Wabash ave.; 
Lizzie Kirk, Moseley, 2312 Wabash ave. ; Dora H. Kirkeby, 
Washington, 100 Park; Sarah A. Kirkley, Montefiore, 6 
Union Park pi.; Carrie K. Kirschner, Washington and 
Lincoln Streets, 777 N. Wood; Mary L. Kissell, Mosely, 
2413 Prairie ave.; Amelia Klare, Douglas, 70 N. Clark; 
Sena Klein, Polk Street, 509 W. Congress; Lina Klein pell, 
Hayes, 325 Lincoln ave.; Emma Kniepde, Webster, 187 
Twenty-second; Julia A. Knight, Walsh, 373 W. Monroe; 
Ida L. Knudsoii, Burr, 6 W. Ohio; Jennie C. Knudson, 
Langland, 6 W. Ohio; Mary T. Koehle, Arnold, 395 
Dayton; Margaret M. Koerper, Lincoln, 1329 Lill ave., 
L. V.; Elizabeth Kolb, Ward, 69 Hill; Louise F. Koll- 

22 



338 THE POLITICAL HISTORY OF CHICAGO. 

morgen, G-arfield, 3224 Graves pi.; Fannie E. P. Kraft, 
Sheridan, Jefferson, 111.; Minerva H. Kreamer, Thomas 
Hoyne, 92 N. Wells; Elise Krieger, Pickard, 47 Moore; 
Lillie F. Krigger, Motely, 883 Fulton; Agnes Krixler, 
2925 Groveland ave. ; Louisa Kroeber, Headley, 47 S. 
Franklin; M. Eugenia, Kyle, Armour Street, 409 W. 
Indiana. 

Hattie E. Laing, Marquette, 610 W. Van Buren; 
Lucy Laing, Jefferson, 610 AV. Van Buren; Antonia Lakay, 
Thomas Hoyne and Ogden, 393 Wells; Mary LaLande, 
Foster^ 209 Maxwell; Charlotte Lamb, La Salle, 508 Wells; 
Grace A. Lamb, Thomas Hoyne, 334 Warren ave.; Ida 
Lizzie Lamb, Headley, 236 Bissell; Margaret E. La Monte, 
Calumet Avenue, 3138 S. Park ave.; Abbie E. Lane, 
Douglas, 3550 Forest ave.; Annie Annette Lang, Arnold, 
299 E. Chicago ave.; Clara A. L. Lang, Vedder Street, 
299 E. Chicago ave.; Marie C. Lange, Hayes, 158 Park 
ave.; Emma L. Lantry, Kosciusko, 714 Wells; James W. 
Larimore, North Division High, 454 La Salle ave. ; Julia 
S. Latimer, South Division High, 2448 Prairie ave. ; Mary 
J. Law, Douglas, 944 E. Thirty-ninth; Ellen Leadwith, 
Jones, 1824 State; Susan D. Leary, Webster, 3136 Emerald 
ave. ; Annie Evelyn Ledden, Cooper, 323 Loomis ; Helen 
C. Ledden, Jefferson, 323 Loomis ; Emily Lee, Scammon, 
394 W. Jackson; Mary E. Le Febvre, Oakley, 962 Warren 
ave.; Alice R. Legge, Von Humboldt, 67 Fowler; Mary P. 
Leiferman, Oakley, 1301 Michigan ave.; Lillie Lein, Wells, 
592 W. Huron; Bridget T. Lennon, Foster, 2957 Deering; 
Helen W. Lester, Jones, 282 Idaho ; Julia E. P. Lester, 
Cottage Grove; 3143 Groveland ave.; Anna H. W. Letter- 
mann, McClellan, 420 Thirty-first ; Emma M. Letz, Car- 
penter, 812 W. Jackson; Cora E. Lewis, Webster, Blue 
Island, 111. ; Rose A. Lewis, Longfellow, 248 W. Congress; 
Louise C. Litka, Huron Street, 295 Fulton ; Luella V. 
Little, Garfield, 283 W. Adams ; Christine Livingston, 



SCHOOL TEACHERS. 339 

Brown, 375 Winchester ave.; Mary E. Livingston, Brown, 
375 Winchester ave.; Emma Lloyd, Montefiore, 326 Fulton, 
Sara M. Lloyd, Braiuard, 529 Oakley ave. ; Hannah B. 
Locke, Skinner, 451 W. Jackson; Clara Lonergan, Jeffer- 
son, 250 Laflin; Maggie T. Lonergan,- Cooper, 250 Laflin, 
Anna E. Long, Marquette, 84 Loomis ; Florence Long, 
Dore, 89 S. Paulina ; John H. Loomis, Wells, 11 Bishop 
ct. ; Gertrude V. Lord, Scammon, 91 Laflin ; Mary L. 
Lord, West Division High, 142 De Kalb ; Martha J. Lou- 
don, Jones, 101 Thirty- seventh; Carrie Louise Lovejoy, 
Pearson Street, 254 La Salle ave. ; Sophronia A. Lovelace, 
Scammon, 320 Fulton; Mary Lowe, Washington, 99 N. 
Centre Ave.; Eliza Lundegreen, Von Humboldt, 916 N. 
California ave. ; Frances Lundegreen, von Humboldt, 916 
N. California ave. ; Charlotte Lundh, Montefiore, 459 W. 
Huron; Fannie E. Lynch, Oak Street, 20 Twomey; Mary 
E. Lynch, Wells, 452 Fulton; Annie M. Lynde, Huron 
Street, Waukegan, 111.; Delia A. L. Lynn, Kinzie, 133 N. 
Market. 

Marion L. W . MacClintock, South Division High, Blue 
Island ave. ; Alfonso E. MacDonald, McClellan, 59 Univer- 
sity pi.; Belle H. MacDonald, Montefiore, 739 Carroll 
ave.; Jennie MacWhorter, Ass't Sp. Teacher Drawing, 
196 N. State; Abbie G. McAllister, Mosley, Englewood, 
111.; Margaret L. McAuley, Keith, 2222 Wabash ave.; 
Isabella McBeath, Carpenter, 402 Washington Bould.; 
Nellie G. McCabe, Ward, 2552 Butterfield; Rosa A. Mc- 
Cabe, Sheridan, 2552 Butterfield; Mary L. McCafferty, 
Garfield, 377 S. Halstead; Minnie McCann, Sheldon, 286 
N. State; Elizabeth McCarthy, Raymond, 2929 Michigan 
ave.; Lizzie M. McCarthy, Franklin, 172 Oak; Mary Mc- 
Carthy, Lincoln Street, 22 Rumsey; Maggie M. McCarthy, 
Wells, 452 Fulton; Ella W. McCauley, Lincoln, 84 Lin- 
coln ave.; Ellen C. McClements, Anderson, 588 N. Robey; 
Mary McClements, Anderson, 588 N. Robey; Jessie B. 



340 THE POLITICAL HISTORY OF CHICAGO. 

McClure, Elizabeth Street, 259 "Warren ave.; Catherine 

A. McCoart, Sheldon, 353 N. Market; Maggie B. McCol- 
lum, Longfellow, 252 W. Thirteenth; Annie M. B. Mc- 
Conville, Raymond, 3134 Butterfield; M. Josephine Mc- 
Conville, Ward, 3134 Butterfield; Rose F. C. McConville, 
Raymond, 3134 Butterfleld; Anna A. M. McCorquodale, 
Scammon, 30 Park ave.; Anna L. McCuen, Raymond, 
3541 Michigan ave.; Emma A. H. McDermott, Jones, 
1205 State; Sarah A. McDonald, Wicker Park, 202 Erie; 
Frances W. McDonnell, Vedder Street, 256 N Franklin; 
Mary G. McDougall, Wells, 671 Van Buren; Jennie N. 
McDowell, Mosley, 2358 Dearborn; Julia P. McEachron, 
Douglas, 3728 Calumet ave.; Minnie E. EcElligott, Hoi- 
den, 2822 Bonfield; Sadie L. McElligott, Brenan, 2822 
Bonfield; Grace E. McFarland, Cooper, 294 Marshfield ave. ; 
Clara H. McFarlin, Sheridan, 3047 Groveland ave.; Katie 

B . McGarty. Throop, 85 S . Jefferson ; Annie T . McGear3 T , 
Wicker Park, 795 Dickson ; Mary F. M. McGee, Carpen- 
ter, 718 N. Shober ; Annie M. A. McGetrick, Pearson 
Street, 59 Whiting; Lizzie A. McGillen, Arnold, 967 N. 
Halsted ; A. Terese McGinley, Scammon, 396 W. Jackson ; 
Julia McGrane, Oak Street, 145 E . Division ; Mary T . 
McGrath, Keith, 498 Thirty-seventh ; May E . McGregor, 
Skinner, 692 W. Monroe; Theresa L. McGuire, Kinzie, 
290 E. Indiana; Lula M. McHenry, Garfield, 185 S. San- 
gamon ; Lavinia H . Mclntosh, Dore, 1 13 Warren ave . ; 
Minnie E. Mclntyre, Lawndale, Hinsdale, 111.; M. Nelly 
McKain, Webster, 390 Thirty-fifth; Francis M. McKay, 
Washington, 134 Warren ave.; Jennie S. McKay, Cooper, 
293 Marshfield ave.; Jennie McKenzie, Garfield, 235 Max- 
well; Martha A. H. McKenzie, Armour Street, 917 Ful- 
ton; Jennie J. McKeon, Garfield, 362 W. Polk; Lizzie A. 
McKeon, Dore, 362 W. Polk; Margaret McKeon, Pearson 
Street, 133 Vedder ; Isabel McLaren, Headley, 24 Wiscon- 
sin ; Maggie E. McLaughlin, Wells, 144 N. Westei n ave . ; 



SCHOOL TEACHERS. 341 

Agnes McLean, Pickard, 170 S. Peoria ; Lizzie M. McLean, 
Pickard, 170 S. Peoria ; Katie E. McMahon, Wicker Park, 
267 W. Monroe ; Lizzie L. McManus, Polk Street, 447 S. 
Halsted ; Marilla A . McMilleu, Raymond, 3524 Vernon 
ave. : Alice S. McNanley, West Thirteenth Street, 311 W. 
Thirteenth ; Sophie E. Maack, Douglas, 3118 Indiana are. ; 
Belle G . Mackie, Pearson Street, 720 Wells ; Marian Mack- 
way, Pearson Street, 379 Center; Nellie Mackey, Walsh, 
291 S. Jefferson; Mary E. Madden, Grant, 1057 Wilcox 
ave.; Belle I. Magee, West Thirteenth Street, 601 W. 
Twelfth; Marion E. Magee, West Thirteenth Street, 601 W. 
Twelfth; Jennie C. Maguire, Healy, 325 Garfield bould.; 
Frances M. V. Mahaffey, Clarke, 63 W. Eleventh; Minnie 
M. Mahlede, Clarke, 334 North ave; Clara H. P. Maho- 
ney, Longfellow, 720 W. Congress; Margaret K. Mahoney, 
La Salle, 64 Whiting; Kittie E. Maloney, Garfield, 250 
Forquer; Nellie Maloney, Emerson, 145 N. Ashland 
ave . ; Kate Manierre, Moseley, 2352 Prairie ave . ; Eliza- 
beth A. Mann, Central 'Park, 774 Walnut; Emma D. 
Mann, Central Park, 774 Walnut; Marie Louise Mann, 
Pickard, 95 W. Thirteenth; Mary E. Manning, West 
Fourteenth Street, 503 S. Jefferson; Minnie E. Marble, 
Emerson, 625 Washington bould.; Mary T. Maroney, 
Walsh, 41 Eighteenth; Philomena V. Marre, Foster, 152 
Lytle; Emeline Marsh, Thomas Hoyne, 307 Indiana; Mary 
R. Marsh, Webster, Normal Park; Mary E. Marshall, 
Jones, 417 S. Clark; Clara T. Martin, Healy, 3712 Emer- 
ald ave.; Edith A. Martin, Sheldon, 278 Oak; Nellie E. 
Martin, Haven, 199 Maxwell; Emma Marr, Foster, 130 
Lincoln ave. ; Anna J. Mason, McClellan, 262 S. Paulina; 
Maggie F. Mason, Brainard, 262 S. Paulina; Mary E. 
Mason, Franklin, 514 Racine ave.; Mary R. E. Mason, 
Dore, 15 S. Halsted; Sarah C. Mason, Sheridan, Engle- 
wood; Elizabeth E. Mather, King, 301 Campbell ave.; 
Hanna Matzinger, Wicker Park, Humboldt Park; Florence 



342 THE POLITICAL HISTORY OF CHICAGO. 

M. Maxfield, Irving, 414 S. Leavitt; Ella C. Mayhew, 
Newberry, 134 Seminary ave. ; Maria T. Meagher, Vedder 
Street, 299 N. Franklin; Bella M. Mear, West Fourteenth 
Street; 231 S. Morgan; Mary E. Mellor, Newberry, Win- 
netka; Nellie S. Melody, Brenan, 3139 Prairie ave.; Annie 
T. Mende, Arnold, 118 Fremont; Genevra Merriam, Jones, 
23 Twenty-third; Caroline H. Merrick, North Division 
High, 481 La Salle ave.; Georgiana W. Merrill, Pickard, 
38 Moore; Alden N. Merriman, Hayes, 820 W. Monroe; 
Ida B. Methlow, Headley, 827 N. Clark; Esther Meyer, 
Walsh, 16 String; Ida Meyer, Brown, 506 Fulton; Lucretia 
C. Miller, Jefferson, 290 Marshfield ave.; Fannie S. 
Miller, Motley, 270 W. Huron; Kate T. Miller, Thomas 
Hoyne, 111 Ohio; Mary A. Miller, Franklin, 111 
Ohio; Minnie E. Miller, Clarke, 41 Norton; Pauline 
Misch, West Division High, 214 Schiller; Laura Evelyn 
Miner, Skinner, Oak Park; Nellie H. Moakley, La 
Salle, 480 Webster ave; Johanna E. Moberg, Pick- 
ard, 342 Parmalee; Mary A. Mohan, Oak Street, 90 Elm; 
Francis E. Mole, Moseley, Forty-second, east of Drexel 
bould.; Alice E. Moody, McClellan, 866 Thirty-fourth; 
Louise S. Moore, Walsh, Englewood, 111.; Harriet A. 
Morey, Brainard, 534 Idaho; M. Dora Morgan, Oakley, 
705 Carroll ave. ; Nellie A. Morgan, Emerson, 705 Carroll 
ave. ; Donald L. Merrill, Anderson, 166 Dearborn ave. ; 
Abbie W. Morrison, Lincoln, 72 Grant pi.; Anna M Mor- 
timer, Franklin, 189 Wells; Blanche D. Montgomery, 
Huron Street, 167 Dearborn ave.; Maggie C. Mouat, 
Washington, 548 Washington bould. ; Annie K. Moulton, 
Skinner, 25 Waverly pi. ; Minnie A. L. Mouns, Jefferson, 
323 Loomis; Mary A. Moynihan. McClellan, 29 Thirty- 
eighth; Elfrieda Mumm, Scammon, 374 Dayton; Henry F. 
Munroe, West Division High, 821 W. Jackson; Alice M. 
Murchison, Emerson, 441 Washington bould.; Anna Mur- 
phey, Brighton, 3301 Ashland ave.; Anna M. Murphy, 



SCHOOL TEACHERS. ' 343 

Ward, 3160 La Salle ave.; Ellen A. Murphy, Vedder 
Street, 278 Sedgwick; Fannie A. Murphy, Douglass, 5324 
Washington ave., H. P.; Julia T. Murphy, Pearson Street, 
82 Milton ave.; Lizzie M. Murphy, Oak Street, 160 La 
Salle ave.; Lizzie W. Murphy, Washington, 476 W. Ohio; 
Teresa M. Murphy, W. Fourteenth Street, 31 Nebraska; 
Belle M. Murray, Kosciusko, 711 Fulton; Charlotte A. 
Murray, Montefiore, 260 N. Franklin; Sue B. Myers, Polk 
Street, 725 Washington bould.; Sadie E. Meyers, Emer- 
son, 725 Washington bould. 

Anna A . Nash, Haven, 3251 Indiana ave . ; Mary J. L. 
Nealis, Montefiore. 29 W. Huron; Clara Nelson, Wells, 
857 Milwaukee ave.; Laura Neuhaus, Cottage Grove, 35 
University pi . ; Emma Neuschafer, North Division High, 
369 Mohawk; Huldah H. Newell; Ogden, Evanston, 111.; 
Jennie S. Newton, Lincoln Street, 885 Washington bould.; 
Minnie Nicolai, Polk Street and Foster, 53 Goethe; Henri- 
etta G. Niehaus, Holden, 2407 Indiana ave.; Tillie M. 
Niehaus, Holden, 2407 Indiana ave.; AnnaM. Nilsson, 
Keith, 3652 Dearborn; Emma M. Nissen, Lincoln, 167 
Schiller; Augusta E. Noll, Throop, 573 W. Fourteenth; 
Harriet Nourse, Keith, 3848 Dearborn; Annie S. Novotny, 
Clarke, 12 Spruce; Maria P. Noyes, West Jackson Street, 
385 W. Adams. 

Jennie H. O'Brien, Carpenter, 19 Walnut; Mary E. 
O'Brien, Franklin, 25 Goethe; Minnie T. O'Brien, Carpen- 
ter, 19 Walnut; Anna M. O'Connor, Brighton, 947 Thirty- 
fourth; Delia M. 0, Connor, Brennan, 767 N. Park ave.; 
Dora L. O'Connor, Newberry, 1033 N. Clark; Florence N. 
O'Connor, Lincoln, 681 Fullerton ave.; Kittie L. O'Con- 
nor, Holden, 947 Thirty-fourth; Lilla O'Connor, Lincoln, 
681 Fullerton ave.; Mary A. O'Connor, Brighton, 2517 
Cologne; Nellie A. O'Connor, Oak Street, 127 N. Market; 
MaryL. O'Toole, Oakley, 93 Seymour; Louise E. Oakman, 
Burr, 689 N. Robey; Mary C. M. Oberlander, Washington, 



344 THE POLITICAL HISTORY OF CHICAGO. 

208 W. Ohio; Jennie B. Okeson, Ward, 2821 Indianaave,; 
Fanny E. Oliver, Kosciusko, 294 Washington Bould.: 
Albertina J. Olson, Montefiore, 114 Walnut; Henrietta E. 
Olson, Emerson, 114 Walnut; Joseph ineOrton, Montefiore, 
232 Park ave. ; Libbie M. Osborne, Holden, 3205 Prairie 
ave. ; Lilla A. Osborne, Holden, 3205 Prairie ave.; Clara 
Otterstedt, Moseley, 139 Lincoln ave.; Maria A. Owen, 
Haven, 1827 Wabash ave. 

Hannah E. Page, Irving, 88 Flournoy; Laura M. Page, 
Skinner, 32 Ogden; May A. Page, Cooper, 12 S. Curtis; 
Nellie S. Page, Burr, 739 Dixon; Ida M. Pahlman, Long- 
fellow, Naperville, 111. ; Letty N. Palmer, Cooper, 95 Am- 
brose; Marietta L. Palmer, Vedder Street, 292 Wells; 
Clementina Parantau, Anderson, 28 Evergreen ave. ; Lillie 
E. Parantau, Anderson, 28 Evergreen ave. ; Alvilda Parelius, 
Motley, 85 W. Huron; Etha L. Parker, Scam mon, 430 
W. Jackson; Mattie J. Parker, Douglas, 2715 Wabash 
ave.; Sara E. Patchel, Clarke, 228 S. Peoria; Ella Pat- 
terson, Cooper, 111 Abderdeen; Lizzie M. Patterson, Wicker 
Park, 151 Fowler; Mary Patterson, Skinner, 111 Aberdeen; 
Lillie E. Paulk, King, 411 Idaho; William M. Payne, 
South Division High, 2221 Wabash ave.; Maggie J. Pea- 
cock, W. Fourteenth Street, 272 W. Twefth; Hattie P. 
Peck, Marquette, 720 W. Monroe; Harriet 0. 
Peeke, Lincoln Street, 169 Dearborn ave.; Ella 
B. Pierce, Wentworth Avenue 1911 Wabash ave,; 
Laura Peltzer, Jones, 412 Belden ave.; Elvira Pennell, 
Lawndale, 1060 Millard ave . ; H. Avis Perdue, Eaymond, 
3536 Prairie ave.; Ira W. Peittibone, North Division High, 
Austin, 111.; Mary K. Pierce, Douglas, 4159 Grand 
Bould.; Alice F. Piper, Brighton, 3521 Bloom; Lilian 
Phelps, Vedder Street, 373 Burling; Mary A. Phelps, 
Hayes, 158 Park ave . ; Sophie A . Phelps, Central Park, 
776 Walnut; Margaret E. Philbrick, La Salle, 581 Wells; 
Minnie Plunkett, Foster, 149 Noble; Elsa V. L, Port, 



SCHOOL TEACHERS. 345 

Armour Street, 108 Park ave.; Cora Porter, Langland^ 
185 N. Paulina; Ella M. Porter, Mosely, 2416 Indiana 
ave.; Helen Edith Porter, Motley, 185 N. Paulina; Louisa 
I. Poppelbaum, Newberry, 1737 Diversy ave., L. V.; 
Cora C . Powell, Wells, 40 St. John's pi. ; Mary E. Powell, 
Polk Street, 310 S. Halsted; Mary Frances Powers, Web- 
ster, 2929 Shields ave.; Harriet S. Pratt, Ogden, 99 Wal- 
ton pi.; Sadie F. Pratt, Marquette, 927 Harrison; Amelia 
M. A. Preudergast, Oakley, 883 Fulton; Mary C. Price, 
Throop, 344 Marshfield ave . ; Mary V. S . Price, Carpenter, 
41 N. Ada; Phebe Pride, Dore, 352 S. Hoyne ave.; Han- 
nah E. Proctor, Lincoln, 1418 Dunning; Mary F. Purer, 
Marquette, 54 Johnson; Mary L. Purinton, Lincoln, 447 
Belden ave. 

Mary C. Quinlan, Wentworth Avenue, 1532 Wabash 
ave.; Kate A. Quinn, Brown, 220 Marshfield ave.; Eosa 
C . Quinn, VonHumboldt, 778 Dana ave . ; Sadie Quinn, 
Foster, 449 W. Congress; Mary E. Quirk, Oakley, 683 
Carroll ave . ; Mary J . Quirk, Oakley, 654 Carroll ave. 

Nellie Bafferty, Wicker Park, 295 N. Lincoln; KoseE. 
Rafferty, Motley, 446 W. Huron; Sarah C. Ralph, McClel- 
lan, 2849 Deering; Laura A. Randall, Moseley, 124 Twen- 
ty-fourth ; Harriet A . Ranney, Hayes, 754 Carroll 
ave.; Albertina Raven, Ward, 193 Twenty-fourth pi.; 
Grace K. Redfield, Washington, 56 Park ave.; 
Grace M. Redfield, Lawndale, Hinsdale, 111.; Alta 
Gratia Reed, West Division High, 4330 Bellevue ave.; 
Josephine C. Reed, Cottage Grove, 4330 Bellevue ave.; 
Mary L. Reed, Garfield, Englewood, 111. ; Pauline M. 
Reed, Cottage Grove, 4,330 Bellevue ave. ; Katie A. Reedy, 
Walsh, Continental Hotel; Nellie L. C. Reeves, Wentworth 
Avenue, 2,534 Wabash ave.; Annie L. Reid, Calumet ave., 
77 Twenty-sixth; Jane F. Reid, Calumet Avenue, 77 
Twenty-sixth; Maggie C. Reilly, West Fourteenth Street, 
381 West Taylor; Rose Reilly, Motley, Austin, 111. ; Esther 



346 THE POLITICAL HISTORY OF CHICAGO. 

A. Renshaw, Franklin, 58 Goethe; Jennie E. Reynolds, 
Holden, 2,447 Michigan ave; Mary A. Reynolds, Huron 
Street, 306 Hudson ave. ; Charlotte M. Ribolla, Douglas, 
3243 Butterfield; Carrie Allen Rice, Holden, Englewood, 
111.; Martha J. B. Rice, Burr, 49 Rawson; Mary E. S. B. 
Rice, Walsh, 222 Marshfield ave.; Clara M. Richardson, 
Walsh, 680 West Madison; Mary M. Richardson, LaSalle, 
4,520 Wabash ave.; Lizzie Riehl, Webster, Englewood, 
111. ; Amanda M. Ringland, Dore, 715 West Erie; Kittie 

A. Riordan, Brainard, 267 Hermitage ave. ; Lavinia Ritter, 
Sheldon and Kinzie, 344 Wells; Hannah Roberts, Polk 
Street, 343 West Congress; Christine W. Robertson, Wells, 
480 W. Huron; Adelia E. Robinson, Central Park, 10 
Artesian ave. ; Albert R. Robinson, Dore, Hinsdale, 111.; 
Nellie H. Robinson, Grant, 739 West Harrison; Agnes 
Rodatz, Douglas, Englewood, 111. ; Mary C . Rogers Von 
Humboldt, Jefferson, 111.; Hatfcie C. Roland, Franklin, 17 
Carl; Ada C. Rood, Vedder Street, 259 Fremont; Elizabeth 

B. Root, Motley, 435 AVashington Bould . ; Helen 0. Root, 
Douglas, 3236 Calumet ave.; Orpha E. Rose, Walsh, 149 
South Morgan; Julia L. Rosenthal, Thomas Hoyne, 343 
Elm; Claire E. S. Rossler, West Fourteenth Street, 57 
West Randolph; Phoebe E. Rothfuss, Brenan, 2119 Michi- 
gan ave. ; Sarah J. I. Rourier, W'entworth Avenue, 122 
Twentieth; Frances W. Rowland, Polk Street, 91 Laflin; 
Fanny A. Royall, Cooper, 44 Pearce; Mary E. Royall, 
Walsh, 44 Pearce; Mary E. Royce, Marquette, 159 War- 
ren ave . ; Carrie H. Ruarc, Haven, Continental Hotel . ; 
Martha M. W. Ruggles, Huron Street; 240 Oak; Leantha 
E. Russell, Foster, South Chicago; Kate J. Russell, Hayes, 
794 West Monroe; Lizzie M. Russell, Dore, 794 West Monroe; 
Lou M. Russell, Cooper, 185 S. Morgan; Marion L. 
Russell, Pickard, 185 S. Morgan; Blanca L. Ruthenberg, 
Franklin, 243 North ave.: Olga A. Ruthenberg, Vedder 
Street, 243 North ave.; Elizabeth Ryan, Newberry, 1710 



SCHOOL TEACHEKS. 347 

Deming ct., L. V.; Elizabeth A. Ryan, Franklin, 153 
Erie; Helen A. Ryan, Brainard, Maplewood, 111.; Joanna 
A. Ryan, Huron Street, 492 W. Twelfth; Mary E. Ryan, 
Pickard, 341 Hastings; Nellie R. Ryan, Sheridan, 3002 
Wabash ave. ; Sarah V. Ryan, Thomas Hoyne, 153 Erie. 
Albert R. Sabin, Franklin, 337 Mohawk; Rosa Samler, 
Wells, 262 N. May; Jaiiie S. Sanborn, Skinner, 321 W. 
Monroe; Nellie H. Sargent, West Jackson Street, 1105 
W. Jackson; Lydia Saure, McClellan, 567 Wabash ave.; 
Mariah H. Say ward, Motley, 441 Washington bould.; 
Annie C. Scanlan, Emerson, 583 Fulton; Ellen E. Scan- 
lau, Ogden, 230 Chicago ave.; Martha N. C. Schach, 
Keith, 3740 State; Adaline S. A. Schaefer, Newberry, 391 
N. State; Anna Scheuneman, Montefiore, 241 North ave.; 
Martha Scheuneman, Vedder Street and Oak Street, 241 
North ave.; Hannah Schiff, Franklin, 279 Wells; Antoin- 
ette Schiffer, Franklin, 44 Beethoven pi. ; Gertrude D. 
Schilling, Ward, 3247 Dearborn; Bertha S. Schjoldager, 
Washington, 609 W. Superior; IngerM. Schjoldager, Wash- 
ington, 609 W. Superior; BarnardineSchlamann,Lawndale, 
1060 Millard ave. ; Clara J. Schlund, Oakley, Oak Park, 111. ; 
Helen C. S. Schoenstedt, Clarke, 71 Hastings; Mathilde C. 
Schrader,0gden,281 Orchard; Minnie Schrock,0akley,715|- 
Washington bould. ; Anna H. Schroeder, Pearson Street, 103 
Walton pi.; Manda Schroder, Brown, 57 Carpenter; Estha 
Schottenfels, Marquette, 721 W. Congress; Ida May 
Schottenfels, Garfield, 721 W. Congress; Kate Schulz, 
Walsh, 38 Fremont; Mary A. Sofield, Hayes, 922 W. Jack- 
son; Maria Scott, Skinner, 427 W. Monroe; Kate A- 
Scoville, King, 57 Center ave. ; Agnes L. Scully, Hayes, 812 
Washington bould.; Carrie B. Seaman, Cottage Grove, 3614 
Stanton ave.; Georgia A. Seaman, Cottage Grove, 3614 
St.mton ave.; Johanna C. Seifert, Washington, 427 E. 
North ave. ; Mary Louise Sergeant, Irving, 432 W. Adams; 
C. Sevringhaus, Wells, 437, N. Ashland ave.; Vir- 



348 THE POLITICAL HISTORY OF CHICAGO. 

ginia L. IT. v. H. Seyer, Newberry, 131, Clybonrn ave.; 
Emma Shaffner, Carpenter, 347 Washington bould. ; Jane 
F . Shanley, Anderson, 588 W . North ave . ; Maggie J . W . 
Shannon, Franklin, 534 N. Franklin; Ida Shaver, Pear- 
son Street, 97 Walton Place; Joanna A. F. Sheehan, 
Dore, 130 W. Harrison; Ella F. Sheldon, Scammon, 672 
W. Adams; Ida M. Sheldon, Dore, 672 W. Adams; Julia 
M. Sheridan, Thos. Hoyne, 178 Cass; Marguerite A. 
Shirra, Walsh, 17 N. Curtis; Emma T. Shoemaker, Mar- 
quette, 45 Lomis; W T m. C. Shu man, Thos. Hoyne, 233 
Ontario; Miriam I. Shoyer, Armour, Street, 49 N. Shel- 
don; Emma C. Sickels, McClellan, 137 Twenty-sixth; Jda 
M . Siebert, Jones, 42 Ogden ave . ; Martha Siefert, La 
Salle, 139 Lincoln ave.; Ella F. Simonds, Douglas, 3254 
Dearborn; Mary A. H. Simpson, McClellan, 5143 Went- 
worth ave., Lake; Mary E. T. Skelly, Burr, 202 Web- 
ster ave.; Natalie H. Skorazinska, Arnold, 80 Herndon; 
Jennie E. Slack, Huron Street, 239 Sedgwick; Maria A. 
Slack, Franklin, 239 Sedgwick; Nellie Slevin, Lincoln 
Street, 911 Fulton; Ida May SlinglufE, Newberry, 325 
Center; Jeremiah Slocum, S . Division High, 88 Twenty- 
sixth; Helen Marie Smeeth, Emerson, 639 W. Monroe; 
Julia E. Smeeth, Skinner, 639 W. Monroe; Ellen M. 
Smiddy, Jones, 134 Thirtieth; Caroline Smith, Garfield, 
352 Hermitage ave.; Caroline E. Smith, McClellan, 
Englewood 111.; Eliza H. Smith, W. Jackson Street, 922 
W. Jackson; Elizabeth L. Smith, Walsh, 414 W. Monroe; 
Fanny E. Smith, Cottage Grove, 3410 Ehodes ave.; 
Frances L. Smith, Haven, 54 Sixteenth; Gertrude M. 
Smith, Cottage Grove, 3611 Grand bould.; Grace T. 
Smith, Brighton, 3342 Vernon ave . ; Lizzie C . Smith, 
Cottage Grove, 3634 Ellis Park; Mary E. Smith, Throop, 
354 W. Harrison; Mathilde Smith, N. Division High, 38 
Astor; Lizzie A. Smyth, Grant, 457 W. Erie, Mary H. 
Smyth, Grant, 457 W. Erie; Annie L. Soelke, Wicker Park. 



SCHOOL TEACHERS. 349 

742 Milwaukee ave.; Alice E. Sollitt, Calumet Avenue, 
4020 Prairie ave. ; Fannie M. Sollitt, Calumet Avenue, 4020 
Prairie ave. ; Annie M. Solner, Wicker Park, 164 N. Curtis; 
Minnie Werden Solomon, Thomas Hoyne, 176 N. State; 
Ida Southard, Haven, 3310 Rhodes ave.; Sadie Y. B. 
Spaulding, Headley, 281 Webster ave.; Clara J. Spencer, 
Oakley, 796 Carroll ave.; Marie Spiel, Jefferson, Lake 
\ r iew, 111.; Annie L. Spieler, Oak Street, 332 Wells; 
Mary L. Spoouer, Wentworth Avenue, 3545 Michigan ave. ; 
Juniata Stafford, Huron Street, 697 N. Park ave. ; Minnie 
Stafford, Huron Street, 697 N. Park ave.; Charlotte 0. 
Stall, Wicker Park, 740 W. Superior; Florence C. Stanley, 
Wicker Park, 150 Park; Fanny Stapleton, Montefiore, 153 
N. Curties; Fannie E. Stapley, Wells, 33 N. Hoyne ave.; 
Kittie Starrett, Jefferson, 240 Laflin; Lizzie H. Starrett, 
West Thirteenth Street, 240 Laflin; Elizabeth A. State, 
Scammon, 178 Park ave; Nellie State, Scammon, 178 
Park ave.; Edward F. Stearns, South Division High, 3508 
Ellis ave; Maria M. Stedman, West Jackson Street, 1272 
W.Monroe; Bertha Steiger, Carpenter, 381 Fulton; Emily 
M. C. Stevens, Scammon, 134 S. Throop; Emma Stevens, 
Washington, 44 S. Sangamon; Susie C. Stevens, Skinner, 
352 S . Hoyne ave . ; Emma Gr . Stewart, West Jackson 
Street, 170 Warren ave.; Nannie Stewart, Sheldon, 623 
Dearborn ave.; Lora A. Stimpson, North Division High, 
223 Chestnut; Carrie R. Stone, Oakley, 70 N. Ada; Clara 
E. Stone, Foster, 493 Park ave.; Elmira N. Stone, Mc- 
Clellan, 59 University pi.; Mary A. Storen, Holden, 2968 
Haines; Hattie M. Storer, Armour Street, 317 Austin ave.; 
Kate A. Stowe, Andersen, 33 N. Irving ave., Corydon G. 
Stowell, Newberry, 459 Dayton; Harriet A. Stowell, South 
Division High, 3400 Rhodes ave.; James M. Strasburg, 
North Division High, 348 Dayton; Caroline W . Straughan, 
Haven, 1927 Michigan ave.; Lina C. Stuedli, Keith, 
1720 Frederick, L.V.; Alice Sturtevant, Elizabeth Street, 



350 THE POLITICAL HISTORY OF CHICAGO. 

391 Warren ave.; Adelaide Sullivan, Holden, 46 Twenty- 
fourth; Alice M. Sullivan, Walsh, Englewood, 111.; Annie 
B. Sullivan, Franklin, 297 N. Franklin; Ella C. Sullivan, 
Oak Street, 512 Hurlbut; Lulie D. Sullivan, Holden, 38 
Thirty-second court; Maggie A. Sullivan, Franklin, 297 
N. Franklin; M. Minerva Sullivan, Burr, 545 Washington 
bould.; Mary F. Swarthout, Douglas, 3213 Vernon ave. ; 
Anna Swanson, Montefiore, 90 Austin ave . ; Edith S . 
Syme, Arnold, 51 Lincoln ave . ; Emily Synon, Garfield, 
249 Blue Island ave. 

Alice B. Talbot, Sheldon, 295 Elm; Anna Talbot, 
Sheldon, 295 Elm; Hattie A. Tallman, Irving, 792 Wal- 
nut; Marie C. Tallman, Central Park, 792 Walnut; Annie 
H. Templeton, Grant, 841 W. Lake, Minnie B. Tenney, 
West Jackson Street, 1091 W. Jackson; Josephine Teufel, 
Hayes, 269Walnut; M. Ellen Thayer,Moseley, 2415 Michigan 
ave.; Elsbeth F. Thielepape, Sheridan, 697 N. Wells; Alice 
P. Thissell, Pickard, 429 W. Monroe; Emma T. Thomas, 
Foster, 458 W. Fifteenth; Frederica E. Thomas, Skinner, 
114 Park ave.; Elsie A. Thompson, Arnold, 279 Hudson 
ave.; Mary A. Thompson, Clarke, 183 S. Morgan; Leona 
L. Thorne, Cottage Grove, 4100 Ellis ave.; Fannie L. 
Tierney, Moseley, 1342 E. Fortieth; Julia E. Tierney, 
Moseley, 1342 E. Fortieth; Laura Tierney, Armour Street, 
442 W. Huron; Annie M. Tilton, Brown, 377 Warren ave.; 
AbbieE. Tobey, Wicker Park, 689 N. Eobey; Mary L. 
Tobey, Newberry, 1461 Montana; Lizzie F. Tobias, Jeffer- 
son, 159 S. Center ave.; MaryJ. Tobias, Dore, 159 S. 
Center ave.; Mary L. Todd, Irving, 1167 Lexington; 
Annie R. Tomlin, Sheldon, 418 Oak; Clara S. Toner, 
Walsh, 2837 Indiana ave.; Ella E. Toner, Jones, 2837 
Indiana ave.; Hattie M. Toner, Marquette, 1248 Adams; 
Jennie M. Toohy, Foster, 962 Harrison; MayE. Toole, 
West Fourteenth Street, 23 Winthrop pi . ; Sellie H . Toole, 
Clarke, 23 Winthrop pi.; Alice T. Tracy, Brighton, 



SCHOOL TEACHERS. 351 

Thirty-second, E. of Laurel; Mary Treleaven, Moteley, 357 
Warren ave. ; Frank E. Tremain, Moteley, 420 "VV. Jackson; 
Annie E. Trimingham, Brown, 538 W. Jackson; Maggie 
R. Triplett, Burr, 390 W. Chicago ave. ; Agnes G. Troschel, 
Langland & Kosciusko, 900 Milwaukee ave . ; Annie M . 
Tustin, Carpenter, 710 W. Monroe; Elizabeth R. Tustin, 
Emerson, 710 W. Monroe; Grace Tuttle, Haven, 1701 
Wabash ave.; Sarah E. Tuttle, Sheridan 301 Indiana 
ave.; Mary E. A. Twohig, Elizabeth Street, 55 1ST. Ada; 
Volney Underbill, Carpenter, 296 S. Paulina; Flora Unna, 
Moseley, 2352 Wabash ave. ; Emma A. TJpson, Haven, 1535 
Michigan ave.; Delia F. Upton, Clarke, 720 W. Four- 
teenth . 

Mena Valy, Lincoln, 456 E. North ave.; Ella B. Van- 
arsdale, Skinner, 55 S. Ann; M. M. Van Bergen, Webster, 
G744 Wentworth ave . ; Gertie S . Van der Kolk, Brainard, 
513 Idaho; Josephine E. Van Meenen, West Fourteenth 
Street, 20 S. May; Henry A. Vanzwoll, Irving, 327 Park 
ave.; Antoinette J. Visser, Jefferson, 474 Marshfield 
ave.; Helen M. Visser, Brainerd, 474 Marshfield ave.; 
Emily T. Volde, Jefferson and West Thirteenth Street, 
237 Wells; Minnie C. Volk, Von Humboldt, 258 W. Div- 
ision; Josephine Von der Hoehl, Clark, 256 S. Ashland 
ave. 

Grace Wadleigh, Holden, 294 Washington bould.; 
Helen M. Waite, Brown, 712 Adams; Ida M. Waite, 
Franklin, 1824 Diversey, L. V.; Anna Waldschmidt, 
Arnold, 735 Sedgwick; Clara Walker, West Division High, 
257 S. Robey; Emilie S. Walker, Brown, 142 S. Paulina; 
Sarah A. B. Walker, King, 339 Warren ave.; Sylvia 
Walker, Haven, 1841 Wabash ave.; Kittie A. Wall, 
Holden, 2804 Bonfield; Sarah H. Wallace, La Salle, 25 
Hammond; Clara Wallenburg, Wicker Park, 7 Samuel; 
Ellen V. Wallenburg, Montefiore, 7 Samuel; Emily L. 
Wallenburg, Wells, 7 Samuel; Laura Wallenburg, Wells, 



352 THE POLITICAL HISTORY OF CHICAGO. 

7 Samuel; Sidonia Wallis, West Fourteenth Street, 16 
Maple; Annie G. Walsh, Walsh, 544 S. Jefferson; Ellen 
F. Walsh, Andersen, 258 Augusta; Ellen F. Walsh, 
Sheridan, 3111 Portland ave.; Joanna M. Walsh, Burr, 
881 Elk Grove ave.; Kate M. Walsh, Franklin, 1314 
Dunning, L. V.; Kittie M. Walsh, Bienan, 815 Thirty-first; 
Maggie L. Walsh, Brighton, 815 Thirty-first; Mary A. 
Walsh, Montefiore, 167 Jefferson; Mary M. T. Walsh, 
Brenan, 815 Thirty-first; Nellie E. Walsh, Foster, 544 
S. Jefferson; Nellie J. Walsh, Brighton, 815 Thirty- 
first; Nellie L. Walsh, Burr, 881 Elk Grove ave.; 
Sarah F. Walsh, Lincoln Street, 682 Fulton; 
Annie M. Ward, Haven, 290 Fifth ave.; Lizzie 
Warhurst, Wicker Park, 294 W. Huron; Elfriede T. 
Warkentien, Garfield, 180 Eumsey; Minnie A. C. War- 
ren, Lincoln, 1033 N. Clark; Agnes M. Watson, Lin- 
coln Street, 297 W. Huron; Lilian F. Watson, Cooper, 
1280 W. Monroe; Nellie M. Watson, AV. Thirteenth 
Street, 424 W. Jackson; Carolyn Webster, Burr, 19 See- 
ley ave.; Eva Webster, Moteley, 452 Fulton; Mattie T. 
Welch, Montefiore, 743 Carroll ave.; Mary E. Welden, 
Longfellow, 276 Marshfield ave.; George P. Welles, West 
Division High, 144 Ashland ave.; Meta Wellers, Keith, 
Hotel Bristol; Ellen Werneburg, Walsh, Normal Park, 111. ; 
Pauline Werneburg, Walsh, Normal Park, 111.; Alwine 
Wertheim, Haven, 1435 State; Minna Wertheim, Dore, 
59 La Salle ave.; 0. S. Westcott, North Division High, 
Maywood, 111.; Annie M. Whalen, Ward, 292 Twenty- 
ninth; Alice A. Wheadon, Oakley, 13 Diller; Carrie B. 
Whitcomb, Ogden, 96 Walton pi. ; Ella F. White, Ogdeu, 
416 Center; Frances E. White, Polk Street, 466 W. Jack- 
son; Mary White, Newberry, 967 N. Halsted; Fannie H. 
Whitney, Walsh, 205 S. Peoria; Harriet J. Whitney, Wells, 
86 Tolman ave.; Anna E. Whittaker, Arnold, 376 Gar- 
field ave.; Clara E. Whittemore, Vedder Street, 10 Vine; 



SCHOOL TEACHEKS. 353 

Mary R. "Whitty, Haven, 2045 S . Park ave, ; Juliette Wick- 
er, Brown, 16 Ogden ave. ; Rosa A. Widmer, Huron Street, 
164 E. Superior; Mary S. Wiggins, South Division High, 
3815 Lake ave. ; Marianne S. Wilcox, Haven, 294 Thirty- 
eighth; Jane Willard, West Division High, 15 S. Sheldon; 
AdaB. Williams, Douglas, 559 Maple, Englewood; Ellen 
E. Williams, Garfield, 87 Aberdeen; Fannie E. Williams, 
Wentworth Avenue, 1417 Wabash ave. ; Frank B. Will- 
iams, Marquette, 14 S. Ashland ave. ; Hannah E. Williams, 
Scammon, 19 Pratt pi. ; Jane E. Williams, Dore, 87 Aber- 
deen; Christina B. Williamson, Garfield, 259 S. Jefferson; 
Louisa M. Wills, Irving, 119 Honore; Lottie Wilson, Kos- 
ciusko, 723 W. Superior; Frank S. Wilson, Skinner, 211 
S. Sangamon; Kate Wilson, Foster, 103 Johnson; Lucy 
L. Wilson, West Division High, 72 Laflin ; Annie 
M. Wiltshire, Wentworth Avenue, 2025 Butterfield ; 
Betty Wilzin, Sheridan, 1420 Diversey, L. V.; Ann E. 
Winchell, North Division High, Norwood Park, 111.; Har- 
riet N. Winchell, Elizabeth Street, Norwood Park, 111. ; 
Annie E. Wing, Garfield, 743 W. Congress; Hattie W. 
Winter, Motley, 665 W. Monroe; Lydia Winter, Newberry, 
182 Oak; Belle Winton, Hayes, 304 Walnut; Mary A. W. 
Wirt, Skinner, 849 W. Congress; Belle B. Wolf, Lincoln 
Street, 3526 Prairie ave.; Andrew J. Wood, Brown, 802 
W. Monroe; Hattie M. Wood, Carpenter, 297 Hermitage 
ave.; Silas L. Wood, Clarke, 804 W. Monroe; Emma P. 
Woodard, W'alsh, 11 S. Sheldon; Ella F. Woodman, 
Washington, 670 W. Superior; Margaret E. Woods, 
Armour Street, 535 W. Erie; Mary A. Woods, W. Thir- 
teenth Street, 631 W. Fourteenth; Mathilde Wortman, 
Oakley, 42 Artesian ave. ; Mercie R. Worsf old, Sheridan, 
3150 Forest ave.; Clara A. Wright, King, 607 W. Con- 
gress; Isabella Wright, Haven, 1918 Wabash ave.; Louisa 
C. Wright, Irving, 607 W. Congress. 

Emma Yantis, Von Humboldt, 778 Daniaave. ; France? 
23 



354 THE POLITICAL HISTORY OF CHICAGO. 

L. Yates, Hayes, 347 Walnut; Carrie May Young, Grant, 
1024 W. Monroe; Ella F. Young, Skinner, 365 W. Jack- 
son ; Emily M. Young, Franklin, 44 Chestnut; 
Kate S. Young, Marquette, 331 Loomis; Lizzie M. 
Young, King, 1026 Congress. 

Gustav A . Zimmermann, Sp. Teacher of German, 683 
Sedgwick; Bertha Zobel, Anderson, 15 S. Sheldon; Mary 
J. Zollman, Sheridan, 3106 Fifth ave. 

ALBERT G. LAKE. 

The County Superintendent of Schools was born in Gale- 
wood in the township of Jefferson, March 15, 1841, whence 
his family removed to Chicago, May 4, 1841. He was educated 
in the Chicago public schools and was appointed Principal 
of the Franklin school Nov. 8, 1858. He held this 
position up to the time of his election as County Superin- 
tendent of Schools in November, 1869. From December, 
1873, to December, 1877, he was cashier of the West Side 
bank of Preston, Kean & Co. In November, 1877, he was 
reflected County Superintendent of Schools, and was once 
more called to that most responsible position in 1882. 
Among other scholastic improvements, Mr. Lane arranged 
a graded course of study for country schools which was 
adopted by the State of Illinois, and has been introduced 
into other states. 

The following is a complete list of teachers employed in 
the schools of Cook county, 111. : 

Albert G. Lane, County Superintendent of Schools; 
John A. Wad hams, Assistant Superintendent of Schools; 
Nellie W. Boynton, Clerk, room 57, C. H. 

Cook County Normal School, Normal Park Col. F. 
W. Parker, W. W. Speer, Geo. W. Fitz, Bella Thomas, 
Mary A. Spear, Mrs. H. H. Straight, Tillie Toffin, Helen 
Jordan, Sarah Butler, Mary Foley, Helen Maley, Mary 
Sykes, Lou Van Meter, Mrs. F. W. Parker. Englewood 
Helen R. Monfort, Emily J. Rice. 



SCHOOL TEACHEKS. 355 

Rich, T. 35, R. 13 District No. 2, Ella J. Hotchkins 
New Bremen. District No. 3, Horace C. Hoskins, Matte- 
son. 

Bloom, T. 35, R. 14. District No. 1, W. E. Vander- 
water, Bloom Emma Hunter. District No. 2, Luman 
Hewes. District No. 3, Albert D. Rich. District No. 4, 
Sanford E. Merrill, Glenwood. District No. 5, John 
J. Klemme, Dyer, Lake county, Ind. 

Bloom Tractl, T, 35, R. 15. Dist. No. 10, Lena M. 
Whitcome. 

Orland, T. 36, R. 12. District No. 1, Mary Stahly, 
Orland. District No. 2, Caroline Baldwin, Orland; Dis- 
trict No. 3, Louise Klemm, Alpine. District No. 7, W. 
H. Marr, Hammond, Lake county, Ind. District No. 8, 
Rose Wagner, Joliet. District No. 9, A. J. Lyon, Orland. 

Bermen, T. 36, R. 13. District No. 1, Sarah A. 
Ryan, Lake View. District No. 2, W. D. Mackenzie, Blue 
Island. District No. 3, Mary Noble, Blue Island. District 
No. 4, E. K . Reynolds, New Bremen. District No. 5, J. 
B. Williams, New Bremen. District No. 6, E. F. 
McClintock, Blue Island. 

Thornton, T. 36, R. 14. District No. 1, S. S. 
Dodge, Principal, Thornton. District No. 2, Marguerite 
Go wens, South Holland. District No. 3, Dane A. 
Mitchell, Glenwood. District No. 4, Andrew_WilsQn, 
Homewood; Alma Ross. District No. 5, Kate M. Black, 
Blue Island. District No. 6, J. M. Hupp, Dalton. Mary 
E. DeLand, Washington Heights. Fannie E. Lago, Dal- 
ton . District No. 8, Lucy^A-JPease, South Lawn. 

Thornton Fractl, T. 36, R. 15. District No. 1, Glaus 
H. Claussen, Dalton. E. P. Summers, Hammond, Ind. 
District No. 2 Milo J. Anderson, Lansing. Maria M. 
Munson. 

Lemont, T. 37, R. 11. District No. 1, John Doolin, 
Lemont. District No. 2, Carrie A. Smith, Lemont. Dis- 



356 THE POLITICAL HISTORY OF CHICAGO. 

trict No. 3, J. C. McCauley, Principal, Lemont. Mary 
Harrington, Lemont. Libina Harkins, Principal, Lemont. 
Lulu Luther, Lemont. Nellie Manley, Lemont. District 
No. 8, Nancy Myrick, Lemont. 

Palos, T. 37, R. 12. District No 1, John Pickens, 
Worth. District No. 4, Thomas McGinness, South Mount 
Forest . District No. 5, Joseph Bareber, Willow Springs. 
Worth, T. 37, R. 13. District No. 1, J. F. Dixon, 
Principal, Blue Island; Lizzie E. Rector, Blue Island; 
Marry Black, Blue Island; Alice Putnam, Normal Park; 
Maud Robinson, Blue Island; Hattie Phelps, Blue Island; 
Elsie Hale, Blue Island; Ida M. Kinder, Blue Island; 
Melissa Lotterman, Blue Island; Alice Krackowitzo, Blue 
Island. District No. 3, Dora M . Kirby, Blue Island. Dis- 
trict No . 5. William McVey, Evergreen Park . District No. 
6, F. W. Rieder, Worth. 

Calumet T. 37, R. 14, Kensington, District No. 2. T. 
C. Hill, Principal, Kensington High School. Alice Drake, 
Englewood; Minnie S. Hutchins, Kensington; Josephine 
Lackore, Kensington; Minnie Col burn, Kensington; Lilian 
Simpson, Normal Park; Mary Halbrook, Kensington; 
Mrs. Eva J. Humphrey, Kensington. District No. 3, 
Sarah E. Griswold, Morgan Park. District No. 4, Geo. 
A. Brennan, Roseland; Mary Hay ward, Roseland. District 
No. 5, Andrew Engel, South Englewood; Lydia Kuck- 
holm, South Englewood. District No, 6, Johanna Kelle- 
her, Washington Heights. 

Calumet, Washington Heights School, District No. 7. 
Bessie E. Huntington, Principal, Washington Heights; 
Lucy Gorton, Washington Heights; Anna M. Cruikshank, 
Washington Heights; Anna R. Chapin, Washington 
Heights; Louise V. Kann, Washington Heights; Elise M. 
Bumgartner, "German," Washington Heights; Libby 
Myrick, Morgan Park; Minnie J. Goe, Morgan Park; 
Dore E. Wilcox, Washington Heights. 



SCHOOL TEACHEKS. 357 

Irondale School, District No. 9. A. 0. Coddington, 
Principal, Cummings; Helen S. Rice, Englewood; Addie 
M. Tyrrell, Englewood; Delia Hogan, Cummings. District 
No. 10, Rollin A. Gonwens, South Holland; Mrs. Anna 
G. Gray, Kensington. 

Pullman School, District No. 11. D. R. Martin, 
Superintendent, Pullman; Lucy S. Silke, "Drawing/' 
1434 Michigan ave.; Louise M. Vasburg, Pullman; Mar- 
garet McCartney, Hyde Park; Florence Ferguson, Pull- 
man; Mrs. Q. M. Biden, Pullman; Helen Ferguson, 
Pullman; Laura E. White, Pullman; Anna Vasburg, Pull- 
man; Max Merrifield, Pullman; Louise M. Frainor, 4326 
Chapel Rd.; Fannie V. Callaway, Pullman; Carrie H. 
Lassaman, Normal Park; Nellie R. Leckie, South Engle- 
wood; Louise D. Rennick, Brookline; Lenore Goodwin, 3 
E. Fortieth st., Mary Smith, Pullman; Jane A. Beach, 
Pullman . 

One Hundred and Fifth Street School . District No . 
11, Mrs. Emma Strong, Principal, 5956 Wentworth ave.; 
Maggie McDonald, Brookline; Mary B. Livingston, 169 
Thirty-ninth st. District No. 12, Mrs. E. H. Holmes, 
Grand Crossing. 

South Chicago, T. 37, R. 15. Chas. I. Parker, Super- 
intendent, South Chicago; Sarah Hutchinson, South 
Chicago; Joseph F. Sweet, South Chicago; Hattie B. 
Hutchins, 2227 Wabash ave. 

Bowen School. Lillie M. Harvey, South Chicago; 
Hattie Z. "Weary, South Chicago; Belle Wylie, South 
Chicago; Grace Hardy, 3916 Ellis ave.; Ellie M. Fair, 
South Chicago; Lena S. Patterson, South Chicago: Lucy 
E. Lisson, Englewood; Daisy M. Springer, South Chicago. 

Irondale School. C. D. Huxley, Prin., South Chicago; 
Mary L. Fagan, Englewood; Mary U. Neville, 3204 Prairie 
ave. ; Margaret E. Moynihan, South Chicago. 

South Chicago Court. E. L. Morse, Prin., South Chi- 



358 THE POLITICAL HISTORY OF CHICAGO. 

cago; Eliz. C. Grinshaw, South Chicago; Mary Mathews, 
South Chicago; Lulu A. Barr, South Chicago; Amelia L. 
Glazer, South Chicago; Ida McCready, South Chicago; 
Mabel C. Eushmore, South Chicago. 

Taylor School. A. L.Stevenson, South Chicago; Bertha 
M. Coombs, Normal Park; Juliet A. "Wallace, South Chi- 
cago; Mabel Waite, 1109 Bowen ave. ; Ellen M. Barker, 
1130 Bowen ave.; Nellie E. F. McHarry, 1638 Wabash 
ave. 

Gallisteb School. W. C. Payne, Coleho.ur; Eva Ed- 
monson, Colehour; Charlotte A. Lellon, South Chicago; 
Mary B. Camphor, 4926 Wabash ave.; Jennie Logan, 
Colehour; Isabella L. Goodwin, 3, Fortieth. 

Eay School. Jno H. Nichols, Normal Park. 

Hegewisch School. Helen Close, Hegewisch; Eebecca 
A. Faul, Hegewisch; Hannah Knippel, Hegewisch. 

Lyon, T.39, E.12, District No. 2, Augustus Haley, Wil- 
low Springs. District No. 3 Lillie Stevenson, Western 
Springs. District No. 8 E. W. MacDonald, Western 
Springs. District No. 9 J . S. Brockway, Prin. , Western 
Springs; Mrs. J. S. Brockway, Western Springs. 

Lyons and Lake, T. 38, K. 13. District No. 2 M, M. 
Byrne, Brighton Park. District No. 4 J. B. McMillan, 
Summit; D. Murphy, Oak Lawn. District No. 5 J. W. 
McGinness, Prin., Brighton Park; Cecilia B. Murphy. 
District No. 6 Geo. Wilson, Chicago Lawn. District No. 
8 M. G. Henchy, Brighton. 

Lake and Hyde Park, T. 38, E. 14. Greenwood Avenue 
School, Kenwood School, Fifty-Fourth St. School, South 
Park School, Woodlawn School, Cornell School, Madison 
Ave. School, Parkside School, South Shore School, Chel- 
tenham Beach School, Eighty-Third St. School. 

District No. 2, Lake. 0. S. Cook, Superintendent, 74 
Bryant ave.; James Hannan Prime, 5136 S. Park ave. ; 
James E. Armstrong, 529 Sixty-second st., Englewood; 



SCHOOL TEACHERS. 359 

Elizabeth C. Cooley, 3818 Langleyave.; Mary E. Keary, 
428 W. Jackson st. ; Sarah Byrne, Englewood; G. E. Hig- 
gins, music, 4063 Dearborn st. 

District No. 2, Hendricks School. John McCarthy, 
Principal, 4402 Emerald ave. ; Nellie B. Gray, 4515 Emer- 
ald ave. ; Ida M. Stodder, Englewood; Delia Lynch, 4559 
Winter st. ; Jennie A. Haley, Englewood; Laura Kimpton, 
1130 Bowen ave. 

District No. 2, Forty-third Street School. Maggie A. 
Haley, Englewood; Maria Kenny, Hyde Park; Belle Rob- 
son, 744 Gordan st. ; Mary A. Gibbons, 633 Forty-third st. ; 
Carrie E. Miner, Englewood. 

District No. 2, Farren School. J. W. May, Principal, 
4700 Wabash ave.; Tena C. Farren, 5112 Wabash ave.; 
Florence M. Mook, 3035 Michigan ave. ; Alice C. Pierce, 
3352 Indiana ave.; E. M. Brislen, 4700 Wabash ave.; 
Martha Bennett, 5701 State st. ; Nellie Larkin, Chicago 
Lawn; Mary T. Hennessy, Englewood; Ida Croft, Forty- 
seventh and Wabash ave.; Lena Peacock, 4930 Wabash 
ave.; Lydia Meany, 5746 LaSallest. ; Emma A. Broad- 
bent, Fifty-first st. and Wabash ave. ; Mary B. Whiting, 

4009 Drexel bould. 

i 

District No. 2, Pullman School. J. B. McGinty, 
Principal, Englewood; Addie M. Ingersoll, Englewood; 
Mrs. M. J. Ingersoll, Englewood; Mary Forkin, Colehour; 
Lizzie A. Keating, 700 Gordon st. ; Jennie Wilson, Engle- 
wood; Hattie O'Neil, 559 Ogden ave.; Kate T. Keating, 
Englewood; Addie Diefenbach, Blue Island; Tillie A. 
Anderson, Englewood; Mary C. Kingsburg, 5358 School 
st.; A. B. Danforth, Englewood; Jennie Barnum, Engle- 
wood. 

District No. 2, Grant School. Patrick Chamberlain, 
Principal, Transit House; Anna W. Hunter, Englewood; 
Ella M. Danforth, Englewood; Nellie M. Carpenter, 
Englewood ; R. Dore Whyte, 4405 Emerald av. ; Lizzie R. 



360 THE POLITICAL HISTOKY OF CHICAGO. 

Keating, Englewood. ; Kittie -L. Kelly, 2710 Archer ave.; 
Charlotte A. Sloan, Englewood; Mrs. M. K. Patterson, 
Englewood. 

District No. 2, Hancock School. Patrick Keenan, 
Principal, 701 Gordon; Anna McKillop, 4109 Halsted; 
Annie Pieton, Englewood; Kate Murphy, 650 Forty-third; 
Joanna Burke, 190 Thirty-fifth; Katie E. Perry, 4226 
Sherman; Maggie Conway, Englewood; Kittie O'Grady, 
4854 Wentworth ave.; Ida Mosher, 7001 Eoot; Eliza 
Haley, Englewood; Kittie Eidgeley, 4723 State; K. Dru- 
silla Mahr, 4725 School. 

District No. 2, Lake county, Fallon School. John 
Byrne, Principal, Englewood ; Nellie Clittich, Englewood ; 
Kate C. McConvill, 4316 Emerald ave. ; Alice McGinness, 
Englewood ; Georgia L . Lewis, 248 W. Congress ; Maggie 
E. Lyons, Englewood; Susie E. Cawan, 3519 Stan ton; 
Mary Moran, 469 S. Leavitt st. ; Kate T. Lynch, 4557 
Winter st. ; Nellie Murphy, 4410 Winter st. ; E. Marson, 
Morgan Park ; Joanna Lyons, Englewood ; Hattie A . 
Crowley, 2807 La Salle ; Maggie Mahoney, 2965 Archer 
ave. ; Hattie Fish, 218 S. Peoria st. 

District No. 2, Graham School. W. E. Watt, Princi- 
pal, 445 Emerald ave. ; Maggie McDonald, 4330 Emerald 
ave. ; Mary Kehoe, 4423 Emerald ave. ; Julia Ford, 660 
Wilson st. ; Belle Kelly, 380 N. Franklin ; C. Ada Whyte, 
4405 Emerald ave. ; Louise B. Walters, 4205 Halsted st. ; 
B. Baldwin, 726 Wilson st. ; Kittie T. Murphy, 45th and 
Sherman ; Maggie Lucas, 401 47th st. ; Maggie Flannigan, 
614 61st st.; Mary T. Bowes, 317 Fifty-third st.; Martha 
Wilson, 4223 Halsted st. 

District No. 2, Garfield School. Richard T. Kelly, 
Englewood. 

District No. 2, Hartigan School. D. A. White, Prin- 
cipal, Englewood ; J. A. Dundon, 396 Oak st. ; Lillie M. 
Arnst, 4016 Wabash ave. ; E. Carmichael, 4020 Prairie 



SCHOOL TEACHERS. 361 

ave. ; Mary A. McNarney, 3641 Dearoorn st. ; Minnie 
Brady, 3752 Butterfield ; Nellie Sheedy, 5108 Wentworth 
ave. ; Margaret Rodgers, 3923 Atlantic st. ; Mrs. F. E. 
Higgins, 196 S. Jefferson ; Louise O'Connor, 506 Marsh- 
field ave. ; Mabel Sibley, 4230 Emerald ave. 

District No. 3, Oakland School No. 1. M. Andrews, 
Superintendent, 36 Oakwood bould. ; Florence M. Holbrook, 
1402 Forty-first. ; R. E. Cutler, 39 Baxter; Eleanor A. 
Pierce. 3352 Indiana ave. ; Mittie Hayden, S. Park ; Eliria 
Barmister, 3921 Vincennes ave. ; Mrs. M. F. Brown, 3924 
Langley ave. ; Millie J. Crocker, 3734 Johnson pi. ; lola 
M. Jones, 1333 Oakwood bould.; Charlotte A. Royce, 1137 
Forty-first; Isabel E. Richman, 3506 Lake ave.; Clara M. 
Newbecker, 168 Thirty-ninth ; Emma C. Barrett, 1718 E. 
Fortieth ; Mary H. Howliston, 1333 Oakwood bould. 

Oakland School, District No. 3. Anna L. Hill, 119 
Thirty-fifth st. ; KateO. Guenther, Blue Island ave.; Alice 
L. Kent, Austin; Lucy Johnstone, 1129 Bowen ave.; 
Judith Putman, Normal Park; Hadassah Fleming, 1204 
Oakland bould. ; Carrie C. Lewis, 1409 Oakland bould. ; Lara 
Fleming, 1204 Oakland bould. 

Auburn School, District No. 4. A. B. Coombs, Princi- 
pal, Normal park; Helen C. Haswell, Normal park; Clara 
A. Haynes, Auburn; Annie L. Hickman, Auburn. 

Buckley School, District No. 6. Geo. D. Plant, Prin- 
cipal, 3915 Dearborn st. ; Alice Keary, 428 W. Jackson st. 
Agnes Clifford, 456 Irving Place; Annie Kenney, Hyde 
park; May Willmott, 4701 Ashlandave.; Mary A. McDon- 
nell, South Chicago; Margart Kelly 2710 Archer ave. 

OToole School, District No. 6. Marcella Hanlon, 4537 
Winter st. ; Annie Harold, Chicago Lawn; Winifred 335 
Center ave.; Emma Meany, 5746 La Salle st. ; Mary Ken- 
nedy, Union Stock yards; Mary E. Murray, 126 Greene st. ; 
Lillie McGlinn, 84 Johnson st.; Rosa A. Farley, 4314 
Ashland ave. 



362 THE POLITICAL HISTORY OF CHICAGO. 

Forestville School, District No. 7. Geo. M. Herrick, 
Principal, 4532 Champlain ave. ; Lydia S. Davis, Drexel and 
Oakwood boulds. ; Louisa J. Spencer, 1370 Oakwood bould. ; 
Mrs. M. M. Northrop, 1420 Forty-fourth st. ; Carrie Smith, 
2027 Indiana ave.; May Peaslee, Fifty-first st. and Wabash 
ave. ; E. G. Haywood, 4733 Kenwood ave. ; Maud Dodson, 
Fifty-fourth st. and Lake ave. ; Jennie M. Wheeler, 4027 
Ellis ave. 

Springer School, District No. 9. E. L. Parmenter, 
Principal, 4128 Prairie ave. ; Mrs. L I. Lews, 3036 Grove- 
land ave.; Fannie Curtis, Normal Park; Jennie Goldman, 
4556 Wabash ave. ; Mrs. J. W. Bannerman, Blue Island ; 
Belle M. Dodd, 4221 Indiana ave.; Mary M. Springer, 
4046 Prairie ave. ; Mrs. E. K. Stuart, 4128 Prairie ave. ; 
Sarah M. Lewis, Blue Island. 

Lake, District No. 10. 0. T. Bright, Supt., 3544 For- 
est ave.; E. J. Hill, Normal Park; W. W. Wentworth, 
Englewood ; Hattie J. Mclntosh, M. C. Crane, Viola 
Deratt, Abbie H. Nowise, Music; Abbie K.Monfort. 

Lewis and Champlin streets, District No. 10. Kate S. 
Kellogg, Principal, Englewood; Mrs. Harriae K. Foster, 
Normal Park; Mrs. H. L. Vreslarid, Chicago; Clara Mitch- 
ell, Englewood; Eose McManns, C. Florence Jones, Louisa 
McKelvey, Lillian Allen ; Sarah Curtis, Normal Park ; 
Nellie Hayward, Englewood ; Harritt Graydon, Kate E. 
Jones, Lyra Mills, Frances McChesney, Louise Quacken- 
bush, Libbie Lyman. 

La Grange. A. S. Stutts, Principal ; Miss K. P. Ben- 
nett, Ida Foster, Emma Glass, Lizzie E. Benning, Mary 
Fox. 

Lake District No. 10. W. J. Black, Principal, Engle- 
wood ; Sadie Hunter, Lizzie Horine, Clara Brown, Emma 
Webb, Mary Stebbings, Hattie Fosket, Englewood . 

Brownell School, District No. 10 F. B. Ormsby, Prin- 
cipal, Normal Park ; Nellie M. Boilean, Normal Park ; 



SCHOOL TEACHERS. 363 

Mrs. M. D. Kaufman, Englewood; Edna Reed, Englewood; 
Louise Lay ton, Washington Heights. 

Sherwood School, District No 10. Margart McGurn, 
Principal, Englewood; Christine Nichols, Englewood; 
Emma A. Munroe, Englewood; Emily F. Bacmester, 
Englewood; Mrs. A. B. Williams, Englewood; Blanch E. 
Judd, Englewood; Florence E. Rice, Englewood; Jesse 
Robinson, Blue Island; M. Eliza Farmer, Normal Park; 
Emma M. Western" eld, Englewood. 

Halsted St. School, District No. 10. J. Henry Zeis, 
Principal, Normal Park; Mary McGurn, Englewood; Fan- 
nie Withers, Eva James, Mary Maroney. 

Normal Park, District No. 10. Mrs. A. M. Williard, 
Prin., 80 Dearborn St.; Mrs. M. E. Thresher, Englewood; 
Mable Wheeler, Normal Park; Adelia Speer, Englewood; 
Mary T. Wilson, Normal Park ; Mary Maley, Englewood . 

Proviso, T. 39, R. 13, Harlem School, District No. 1. 
W. E. Jayne, Principal, Oak Park; Mary Chamberlain, 
Maywood; Maud L. Frisby; Ada L. Brown, Principal, 
Oak Park; Minnie McMinn, Oak Park. District No. 2, 
Josie Ryan, Maywood. District No. 3, Lida E. Stiff, May- 
wood. District No. 4, Margurite Hennesey, Maywood. 

Riverside School, District No. 5. Idelle B. Watson, 
Principal, Riverside; Anna B. Chase, Riverside; Henrietta 
A. Willden, 865 W. Harrison st. ; Nora Boyne, Riverside. 
District No. 6, John Soffel, Maywood. 

Maywood School, District No. 7. W. D. Gilbert, Prin- 
cipal, Maywood; Jennie Vial, Hettie Dunlap, Mattie 
Campton, Mary Waters, G. E. Garrison. 

River Forest School, District No. 8. Mrs. A. M. 
Walker, River Forest; Laura Meyers, Dell C. Knepp. 
District No. 10, Geo. E. Littleford, La Grange. 

Cicero T. 39, R. 13, High School. B. L. Dodge, 
Superintendent, Oak Park; Mary H. Clemens, Elizabeth 
Faulkner, Mary Walker, Ella McConoughey, Hattie E. 



364 THE POLITICAL HISTORY OF CHICAGO. 

Baker, Annie E . Jones, Anna M . Fernald, Marion H . 
Dyer, Anna M . Coffin, Elizabeth Waters, Delphine Wil- 
son, Amelia Littell, Alice A. Huling, Ida L. Jone; Mary 
B. Hoyt, Ridgeland; Mary M. Bevans. 

Austin School, District No. 2. W. S. Smith, Superin- 
tendent H. S., Austin; Mrs. L. F. Smith, H. S. Wyllis; 
S. G. Hagar, 1030 Wilcox ave.; Mrs. E. C. Enfield, Aus- 
tin; Maud Butler, Moreland; Louise Levi, 716 W. Lake 
st.; A. L. Evendin, Turner; Martha Kent, Austin; Mrs. 
A. W. Shaffer. 

Amerson School, District No. 2. Elizabeth Sneed, 338 
Warren ave.; Emma Baxter, Austin; Eose J. Carroll. 

Cicero continued, South School, District No. 2. Linda 
Final, Austin; Hattie M. Adams; Mrs. L. B. Smith. 

Tilton School. High School, E. E. McCarthy, Princi- 
pal, Central Park; Mary E. Kelley, Central Park; Anna F. 
Carter, Oak Park; Erin Hanrahan, Jennie De Porter, Cen- 
tral Park; Mary Niemeyer, Lake Forest; Mary McGrath, 
354 Huron st. ; Eugenia Grosby, 718 W. Adams st. ; Susan 
Yorke, Central Park. 

Moreland School, District No. 3. Alice M. Mooney, 
100 Dearborn ave. ; Mary Carter, Oak Park. 

Brighton School, No. 4. Anthony Lennon, Principal, 
1098 W. Madison st. ; Jennie B. Martin, Minnie Dolese, 
Brighton Park. 

Crawford School, No. 7. Hettie H. Norris, Principal, 
Glenwood; Mary E. Gould, 3518 Forest ave.; Cetta True, 
373 W. Monroe st. 

Lyden, T. 40, R. 12, No. 2, Margaret O'Rourke, 
Bensonville; No. 4, James. A. Peterson, Dunning; No. 5, 
D. E. Wertz, Jefferson; No. 6, Kate Donahu, 484 W. 
Twelfth st. 

Jefferson, T. 40, R. 13. High School, Charles A. Cook, 
Irving Park; S. Alice Judd, H. H. Wilder. 

Avondale School, No. 2. J. W. Stehman, Principal; 



SCHOOL TEACH EKS. 365 

Julia Ingals, Avondale; No. 3, Mrs. Kitendaugh, Dun- 
ning; Theresa Booth, Mont. Clare. 

Norwood Park School, No. 6. Catherine Lyman, Cra- 
gin; Carolyn J. Stanning, Cragin. 

Jefferson School, No. 6. J. B. Farnsworth, Superin- 
tendent. 

Hoffman Avenue School, No. 11. J. D. Martin, Prin- 
cipal, Maplewood; Louise E. Kahler, 14 LeMoyne st. ; 
Alice L. Andrews, Humboldt Park; Isabel Downie, 67 
Rush st.; Martha M. Sherlock, 28 Montana st. ; Carrie 
A. Allen, Maplewood; Marion E. Pierce, Serenia E. 
Clough, Bandow; Mary C. Farrar, Barrington; Fannie E. 
Craigmile, Bandon; Bessie McKay, 281 Hermitage ave. ; 
Rebecca Kelly, 129 Sedgwick st. ; Margaret J. McClure, 
Maplewood. 

Humboldt Park School, No. 11. L. K. Peterson, 
Humboldt Park, Alice M. Gaylord, Julia E. Toohey; 
Alice M. Lindsley, 730 Washtenaw ave. ; Margaret Shanley, 
588 North ave.; Ida C. McNutt, Jefferson; Nellie Nicholas, 
172 W. Monroe st. ; Martha E. Bunn, Emma C. Green- 
man, Humboldt Park; Lillie M. Kohn, 240 La Salle ave.; 
Minnie Dietz, Irving Park; Jennie MacKay, 281 Hermit- 
age ave. 

Libby School, No. 11. Janet B. Irwin, 112 North 
Western ave.; Nellie McCormick, Irving Park; Mary 
Cooley, Arlington Heights. 

Russell School, District No. 11. Lilla J. Willis, 112 
Park ave. ; Melissa L. Wilden, 10 Artesian ave. ; Louisa L. 
Morse, Bandon; Lydia E. Higgins, Bandon. 

Fairfield Avenue School, District No. 11. Emma C. 
Gaylord, Humboldt Park; Lillian S. Sherlock, Winnetka. 

Boulevard School, District No. 11, Ida G. Atkinson, 
983 N. Leavitt St.; Evelyn Frisby, 939 Warren ave.; Jen- 
nie Linturman, 829 S. Wood St. ; Louisa W. Hartwig, 90 
Sherman St. 



366 THE POLITICAL HISTORY OF CHICAGO. 

Irving Park School, District No. 13. W. A. Purington, 
Irving Park; Adele Kirchkoff, 1537 Lill ave.; Margarette 
Robinson, Irving Park. 

Pacific Junction School, District No. 14. J. H. Steele, 
Principal, Pacific Junction; Cora E. Mills, 873 Elk Grove 
ave. ; Minnie B. Gibbs, Palatine; Eunice A. Steele, May- 
wood; Agnes Kelly, 129 Sedgwick St.; Adelaide Wilson, 
Hinsdale. 

Evanston Avenue School, District No. 1. Amelia 
Holecomb, Wright's Grove; Maria Clark, 1542 Wolframe 
st.; Esther Morgan, 17 Crillypl. ; Dora Windes, Argyle 
Park; Juliette W. Delano, 955 N. Clark st.; Gertrude Mc- 
Clanthan, 989 N. Clark st.; Blanch Freeman, 1572 
Wolframe st. ; Ida Heidenheimer, 695 N. Park ave. ; Mary 
P. Russ, Wright's Grove. 

Diversey Street School, District No. 1. Lina E. Troen- 
dle, Principal, 1544 Lill ave. ; Blanche Bassette, assistant, 
1547 N. Halsted st. ; Anna B. Martin, 615 Seminary ave. ; 
Ella M. Richmond, 729 Sheffield ave. ; Mary E. Gray, Ma- 
plewood: Alice L. Priam, 510 Webster ave. ; Ella M. Clark, 
40 Wieland St.; Louise C. Pettengill, 300 Orchard st.; 
Louie A. Hulett, 1542 Wolfram st. ; Helen M. Parker, 28 
Grant pi. ; Katie Good, 118 Center st. ; Sarah Woodcock, 
186 N. Clark st.; Libbie E. Fisk, 287 Lincoln st.;Lena M. 
McCauley, 84 Lincoln ave.; Sarah E. Holmes, 1509 Wol- 
fram st. ; Mrs. F. King, 1448 Montana st. ; Abbie G. Dore, 
Lombard ville, 111.; Louise D. Hill, 437 La Salle ave. 

Deering School, District No. 1. Mrs. Margaret S. 
Fitch, 242 Bissell st. ; Malie J. Windes, Argyle Park ; 
Sarah G. Wentworth, 1105 Millard ave.; Grace E. Math- 
eus, South Evanston; Augusta Kleine, 571 Hurlbut st. ; 
Augusta Morris, 2924 Vernon ave. ; Margaret Ryan, Mon- 
tana st. ; Annie M. Kane, Halsted and Cornelia; Lizzie K. 
Burdick, 105 Dearborn ave,; Isabel O'Brien, Highland 
Park. 



SCHOOL TEACHERS. 367 

Wrightwood Avenue, School, District No. 1. Gertrude 
E. Williams, Principal, 1560 Lill ave.; Marian Fleming, 
1550 Lill ave. ; Annie R, Burk, 190 Chestnut pi. ; S. T. 
Jenson, 464 La Salle ave. ; Ida M. Campion, 1534 Diversey 
st.; Jennie K. Eckstrom, 1754 Frederick st. ; Mary S. 
Hotchins, Argyle Park; L. Louise Hack, 201 Lincoln ave.; 
Fanny S. Parsons, 1534 Diversey st. 

Belmont School, District No. 1. Anerick T. Shock- 
ley, Carrie S. Haskins. 

Wilcot School, District No. 2. Josiah F. Kletzing, 
Ravenswood; Kittie S. Grover, Evanston; Hattie Paddock, 
Ravenswood ; Clara Briggs, Ravenswood ; Addie D . 
Cravens, Ravenswood ; Addie V . H . Barr, Ravenswood . 

Sulzer Street School, District No. 2. Mary F. Kimball, 
Ravenswood; Rosa A Boynton, Winnetka; Addie E. Jor- 
dan, Ravenswood ; Kittie A. Gall, Wrights Grove . 

Hanover, T. 41, R. 9, District No. 4. Avena C. 
Heidemann, Elgin. District No. 6. A. Thomson, Princi- 
pal, Bartlett. District No. 7. Walter P. Wheeler, Ontario- 
ville. District No. 11. Lizzie Nightingale, Barrington. 

Elk Grove, T. 41, R. 11, District No. 2. Emma Dun- 
ton, Arlington Hights. District No. 3, Pearl B. Gay- 
lord, Itasca. District No. 6, C. R. Patter, Desplaines st. 

Maine, T. 41, R. 12, District No. 1. J. A. Gilmour, 
Desplaines . 

Park Ridge School, District No. 2. Leopold Shroeder, 
Principal, Park Ridge; Hattie Beamont, Arlington Heights; 
Mrs. L. Millard, Park Ridge; Maud Kinder, Arlington 
Heights. District No. 3, Joseph Harvey, The Grove. 

Desplaines School, District No. 4. J. Q. Adams, 
Principal, Desplaines; Mrs. M. L. Adams, Desp^ines; 
Mary L. Sisson, Desplaines. 

Niles, T. 41, R. 13, District No. 1. W. H. Pate, 
Niles Center. District No. 2, Simon N. Patten, Morton 
Grove. District No. 3, Jeannette B. Ilsem, Niles; Jen- 



368 THE POLITICAL HISTORY OF CHICAGO. 

nie Ericson, Niles. District No. 4, W. D. Smyser, 
Principal, Niles Center; Minnie Scripture, Niles Center. 
District No. 5, J. H. Smyser, Niles Center. 

Evaiiston, T. 41, R. 14. High School, Henry L. Bolt- 
wood, Prin., Evanston; Lorenzo N. Johnson, Eva S. 
Edwards, Mary L. Barrie, Jane H. White, Margaret 
Noble. 

Benson Avenue School, District No. 1. H. H. Kings- 
ley, Supt., Evanston; Helen E. Amos, Principal; Evanston, 
Claribel Thompson, Eva Smedley, Mary C. Adams, Jessie 
Manson, Georgiana Eogers, Mary E . Kamsey, Margaret F. 
Kellogg. 

Wesley Avenue School, District No. 1. Agnes S. 
Hinman, Principal, Evanston; Jessie Luther, Mary A. Gil- 
lespie, Darrie M. Boutelle, Lu R. Bushnell, Bertie M. 
Glass . 

Hinman Avenue School, District No. 1. Nannie M. 
Hines, Principal, Evanston; Nellie E. Huggins, Mrs. E. C. 
Perkins, Celia Sargent. 

South Evanston School, District No. 2. F. W. 
Nichols, Principal, South Evanston; Mary E. Wells, Emma 
Watson, Mary Farrell, Catherine Redfield, Evanston, 
Lida G. White, South Evanston, Nettie Primrose, Adda 
Orosby, Mellie R. Harding, Ida E. Hulett, Jennie H. 
Foster. 

North Evanston School, District No. 3. Nettie E. 
McClintock, North Evanston, Sarah Allen, Mary Gifford. 

Rodger's Park School, District No. 4. M. H. Lowell, 
Principal, Rodger's Park, Emily Randell, Janet Brisbane, 
Amelia Gunn, South Evanston. District No. 5, Ida L. 
Low, Wilmette. 

Barrington T. 42, R. 9, District No. 1. G. W. Barrett, 
Barrington. District No. 3, Martha Leonard, Barrington; 
District No. 4, Jno. W. Burgess, Dundee; District No. 6, 
Mrs. A. G. Stevens, Elgin. District No. 10, C. J. Dodge, 



SCHOOL TEACHERS. 369 

Principal, Harrington, Emma L . Graw, Carrie Kingsley, 
Laura Brown, Mary Frye, Principal. 

Palatine, T. 42, R. 10, District No. 3. Ben Castle, Bar- 
rington. District No. 4, Jeannette Mullie, Barrington; 
District No. 6, H. L. Merrill, Palatine, Mattie Newton, 
Wilhemina Hookius, Lillian Cleveland; Eva Castle, Bar- 
rington. District No. 7, May Fosket, Palatine. 

Wheeling, T. 42, R. 11, District No. 1. H. B. Allen, 
Principal, Wheeling, Lilly M . Williams. District No. 10, 
Amos M. Walker, Principal, Arlington Heights; Ollie 
Keyes, Palatine; Ada R. Hawks, Arlington Heights. 

Northfield, T. 42, R. 12, District 2. A. Kenmcott, 
The Grove. District No. 4, Grace Dority, Shermenville. 
District No. 8, Armette Erickson, Shermanville. 

New Trier, T. 42, R. 13. Glencoe School, District 
No. 1. Robert Matheson, Principal, Glenco, Sophia C. 
Madden. 

Winnetka School, District No. 2. H. C. Hullinger, 
Principal, Winnetka, Florence Belden, Nellie E. Moth, 
Kate Dwyer, Principal. District, No. 3, Annie E. Cooper, 
Wilmette. 

Wilmette School, District 5. Mary 0. McCord, Wil- 
mette, May L. Sheldon, Margie S. Handy. 



24 



MISCELLANEOUS. 



CHARLES B. FARWELL. 

A possible candidate for Mayor on the Eepublican 
ticket in 1887 is the Hon. Charles B. Farwell. He was 
born near Painted Post, Steuben county, N. Y., on July 
1, 1823 . In 1838 he went with his father to a farm in 
Ogle county. He came to Chicago in 1844 and became 
Deputy Clerk with George Davis, Clerk of Cook county. 
At the same time he worked for Briggs & Green, auctioneers 
for a salary of twenty-five cents a night. His first exper- 
ience in politics was in 1853 when he was elected by a 
large majority County Clerk against Dr. E. J. Kimberly. 
He was reflected in 1857. In 1864 he purchased an 
interest in the house of John V. Farwell & Co. In 
1867 he was made Chairman of the Board of County 
Supervisors, and during his term the new part of the court 
house on Clark street was erected. In 1870 he was elected 
to congress against Hon. John Wentworth. In 1872 and 
1874 he vanquished John V. LeMoyne and in 1880 was 
elected against Perry H. Smith, Jr., by a large majority. 
He was appoined by Governor Oglesby in 1866 a member 
of the first state board for the equalization of taxes. He 
was very prominently identified with the success of the 
Washington street tunnel. Mr. Farwell is a great power 
commercially as well as politically. 

FREDERICK S. WINSTON. 

Frederick S. Winston, sou of our minister to Persia, 
may be regarded as a native of Chicago although he first 
saw the light in Kentucky. While Mr. and Mrs. Winston 

370 



MISCELLANEOUS. 371 

were visiting friends in Franklin county, Kentucky, in 
October, 1856, the subject of this sketch was born. The 
same year he was brought to Chicago. Consequently, 
although a young man, being now only in his twenty- 
ninth year, he might be classed among Chicago's " old 
settlers." At an early age he entered Yale college from 
which institution he graduated with high honors in 1877. 
Two years later he was admitted to the bar, and he imme- 
diately entered upon the practice of his profession, form- 
ing a partnership with Chester M . Dawes under the firm 
name of Winston & Dawes. In 1881 Mayor Harrison rec- 
ognizing the ability of Mr. Winston, and believing that 
his legal ability would be valuable to the city appointed 
him Assistant Corporation Counsel. In this office he dis- 
played such ability in conducting the legal affairs of the 
city that on the retirement of Corporation Counsel, 
Adams, in 1883, his eminent fitness for the position was so 
recognized by the bar and by Mayor Harrison that he was 
appointed without opposition. He is the youngest man 
that has held this important office in this city and perhaps 
in any other. Just before he succeeded Corporation 
Counsel Adams, he " won his spurs/' as Mayor Harrison 
phrased it, by successfully arguing before the State Su- 
preme Court the validity of the $103 saloon licenses. 
Since that time Mr. Winston has frequently and with 
credit to himself appeared in the Supreme Court in impor- 
tant cases in which the city was interested . Among the 
most notable of the decisions of the Supreme Court, made 
on the argument of Mr. Winston, were the rights of 
the city to obtain revenue from licensing various occupa- 
tions such as distilleries, livery stables, brokers, etc.; the 
constitutionality of the Harper high license law; the un- 
constitutionally of exemptions claimed from special assess- 
ments, for which he was thanked by the City Council, and 
the power of the Mayor to veto items or part of an item in 



372 THE POLITICAL HISTORY OF CHICAGO. 

he annual appropriation bill. A very important decision 
which sustained the right of the city to control the Chi- 
cago river and the bridges, he obtained from the United 
States Supreme Court soon after he became Corporation 
Counsel. On the formation of the young democracy or- 
ganization in 1884, Mr. Winston was elected its president. 
Under his management it grew from a bantling with forty- 
six members to an organization numbering 10,000. His 
official duties which are numerous and important requir- 
ing all his time, he was compelled to decline a reelection. 

JOSEPH STOCKTON. 

Joseph Stockton, of the transportation firm of Joseph 
Stockton & Co., was born in Pittsburgh, Penn., Aug. 10, 
1834. He came to Chicago in the spring of 1852. He 
was in the transportation business until the war broke out, 
when he enlisted in the Board of Trade regiment. He 
was in numerous battles, and at the death of Lieutenant- 
Colonel Wright, at Vicksburg, he was promoted to his 
place. After the fall of Vicksburg, Colonel Stockton 
took command of his regiment and retained the position 
until the close of the war. Colonel Stockton proved him- 
self a brave and fearless soldier, and he was breveted 
brigadier-general for meritorious conduct in the field. 
Colonel Stockton is an ardent Republican, and has been 
solicited repeatedly to stand for public preferment. His 
transfer firm is now one of the largest in the city . 

MICHAEL RYAN. 

Six times elected to represent that large constituency, 
ex- Alderman Ryan, of the fourteenth ward, was one of the 
most indefatigable members of the City Council. Being a 
most successful plumber and gas-fitter, he was wisely selected 
as Chairman of the Committee on Gas Lights. Mr. Ryan is 
unquestionably one of the busiest men in the community. 
The same active spirit which characterized him in the 



MISCELLANEOUS. 373 

council and in his every day business, is observable when 
he appears in the councils of the Irish Nationalists among 
whom his standing is very high. 

Mr. Ryan was born in Ireland, on Easter Sunday, 
in 1846. He came to America in 1862, and located in 
Cincinnati, 0., where he worked at his trade in plumbing 
until 1867, when he came to Chicago. In 1869 he went 
into business for himself, and after the great fire of 1871, 
he resuscitated a very promising trade wiped out by the 
flames, in company with his brother. The firm name is 
now M. Ryan & Bro., and the locality is 421 Milwaukee 
avenue . He was married to Miss Annia Feeney, in Cin- 
cinnati, 0., in 1865. 

MICHAEL M'NURNEY. 

Ex-Alderman McNurney, of the tenth, was born at 
Castlecooke, Cork county, Ireland, March 31, 1830. In 1848 
he came to Boston, where he became a horseshoer. In 1854 
he came to Chicago, and up to 1862 he worked as a jour- 
neyman for N. Morgan, George Booner, John Traynor 
and others. He then went into business for himself, 
and for years did one of the most thriving trades in 
the West. The dullest day witnessed a busy scene in 
the old shop, on Pacific avenue, opposite the depot of 
the Michigan Southern. At present he represents a 
leading eastern establishment in a kindred enterprise. 
In 1877 Mr. McNurney was elected alderman, over Smith 
and Gunderson, by a plurality of 76. In 1879 he was again 
elected by 779 majority, over Lawrence. In 1881 he with- 
drew in favor of John Council, who was defeated by Dan 
Nelson. In 1884 he was elected over Dan Nelson by 279. 
The ex- Alderman is an unquestioned success socially. It 
behooves him who would visit Mr. McNurney. at his home, 
to request a tune on the bagpipes, and especially to insist 
on the performance of Garryowen . 



374 THE POLITICAL HISTORY OF CHICAGO. 

AUSTIN J. DOYLE. 

One of the most popular gentlemen in Chicago public 
life is the General Superintendent of the Chicago Passen- 
ger Railway. 

Mr. Doyle was born in Chicago, Sept. 18, 1849. He 
was collecting for the dry goods firm of W. M. Eoss & Co., 
for whom he first carried parcels, when Hon. Daniel 
O'Hara, that great and good man so universally mourned, 
made him a clerk in the Recorder's Court. This was in 
1865. In 1868, Mr. Doyle was appointed first deputy, 
vice Charles S. Loding, who ran against Mr. O'Hara, and 
was defeated. Mr. Doyle was elected Clerk of the Crimi- 
nal Court in 1873, on the People's ticket, by the largest 
majority given. While in this position our subject found 
time to study law, and in 1871 he was admitted to the bar. 

As Superintendent of the Chicago police force, after W. 
J. McGarigle and before Frederick Ebersold, our subject 
achieved great fame. Being a splendid reader of human 
character he invested the Police Department with his own 
characteristics, and the force during his administration, it 
is not too much to say, was without a superior. He was in- 
defatigable, especially in the development of the police 
patrol service . When he resigned Mayor Harrison accepted 
his resignation with deep regret, and the press and public 
sympathized heartily with the sentiment. 

THOMAS A. CANTWELL. 

Senator Cantwell, the youthful-appearing representative 
of the fourth district, was born in Albany, N. Y., Decem- 
ber 21, 1847. The family settled in Morris, 111., in 1856, 
where Thomas attended school. He subsequently gradu- 
ated at Notre Dame University. 

Senator Cantwell's popularity is apparent from the fact 
that he was elected as a Democrat by a splendid majority 
in a district that is thoroughly Republican. 



MISCELLANEOUS. 375 

M. C. MCDONALD. 

Michael C. McDonald, a prominent member of the Cook 
County Democracy, in matters political affecting Chicago, 
is an authority. He was born September 2, 1840, in 
Niagara county, New York, in a little hut reflected in the 
glistening waters of the great cataract . The picturesque 
locality appears to fine advantage in a painting executed by 
one of the masters and hung in the most conspicuous place in 
Mr. McDonald's beautiful mansion on the northeast corner 
of Ashland avenue and Harrison street. Elsewhere in his 
spacious parlors among sterling works of art are found the 
portraits of his father, a hale old gentleman of eighty, his 
wife and four children . At the age of fourteen our sub- 
ject left White's Academy, in his native place, and began 
life as a newsboy on the Great Western Railroad between 
Detroit and Niagara Falls. In 1854 he came to Chicago, 
and was a newsboy up to 1861, with such lads for associates 
as John R. Walsh, the president of the Western News 
Company; Gil Baldwin, the bookseller, and Johnny Main, 
of the postal service. When a fire broke out he ran with 
engine 5. At the present day he evinces the deepest in- 
terest in fire matters, as the Chicago Fire Department well 
know. Wherever he has since traveled he has always re- 
ceived a royal welcome from the firemen. For the past 
twenty years he has been selected as a marshal in the grand 
parades of the New Orleans department . 

At the commencement of the civil war Mr. McDonald 
was engaged in the stereoscopic business in New Orleans, 
in company with one "Rodger" Shermen, whose outspoken 
sentiments led to his enlistment in the army at the front, 
and caused a dissolution of the stereoscopic firm. Return- 
ing to Chicago he bought out the sample-room of the Rich- 
mond House, corner of Michigan avenue and South Water 
street, and held it until 1864. He then brought his father 



376 THE POLITICAL HISTORY OF CHICAGO. 

and sister from Niagara, and has been a resident of Chicago 
ever since. Ventures in the wine and liquor trade, and 
speculations generally, succeeded the sale of his interest in 
the Eichmond House and led to the establishment of " The 
Store," on Clark, near Monroe street, which has long been 
the resort of politicians and men around town, and which 
is now conducted by "Parson" Davies, the well-known 
sporting man. 

At the present writing Mr. McDonald is watching his 
interest in the Lamont stone quarries, the Chicago Pas- 
senger Railway line, and other corporations, when he is 
not helping some worthy cause with his unostentatious 
benevolence . 

LUTHER LAFLIN MILLS. 

The ex-States Attorney for Cook county was born in 
North Adams, Berkshire county, Mass., September 3, 
1848. When our subject was two years old his father 
located in Chicago, and here the brilliant States Attorney 
received his early training. Having matriculated at the 
Michigan University he began the study of law in the office 
of Hon. H. N. Hibbard. In 1876 he was elected States 
Attorney, running 4,000 ahead of his ticke^. In 1880 he 
was renominated without opposition and elected by an in- 
creased majority. 

The Alliance, a religious journal thus spoke of Mr. 
Mills in 1880 : " It is too early to make an estimate of 
his abilities, but we may state as our sincere belief that he 
is the Rufus Choate of the West, fuller of blood than 
Choate, and not destined to remain as Choate did, an ad- 
vocate to the end of his days. We predict that the people 
of his adopted state will call him to a wider field of use- 
fulness as soon as it is felt that he can be spared from 
guarding the flood gate of crime over at the Criminal 
Court." 



MISCELLANEOUS. 377 

JULIAS JONAS. 

This gentleman's liberality has placed him deep in the 
hearts of many a family and individual in Chicago. On 
each recurring Christmas he feeds the hungry and clothes 
the naked, from the building corner of Michigan street and 
Dearborn avenue. He was elected to represent the Twen- 
tieth ward in 1873. 

Mr. Jonas was born in Pleshen, Prussia, and is about 
forty-eight years of age. At the age of fourteen he came 
to New York and then to Chicago, where he established a 
hide business at 231 South Water street, and afterwards at 
183 Michigan street. He is at present in the wine and 
liquor trade on Washington street near Clark. 

HENRY T. JONES. 

There is many a silent but strong influence exerted in 
politics by men whose predilections and the demands of 
their business positively preclude from selecting political 
preferment. The history of the gentleman named above il- 
lustrates this fact. Mr. Jones was born in Chippenham, 
Wiltshire, England, March 9, 1828. An orphan at the 
age of eleven, and the eldest of three brothers, he came to 
Chicago in 1851. He had traveled throughout the British 
Isles and extensively in France, before he concluded to 
figure in the annals of the Garden City as one of its earliest 
brick manufacturers. His recollections of great interest 
refer principally to his early experiences in Chicago. He 
tells many a capital story of her early politics, and was a 
student in the same class with such men as Deacon Bross, 
John Wentworth and Buckner S. Morris. He witnessed 
the exciting episodes enacted throughout the South which 
immediately preceded the War of the Rebellion; being en- 
gaged in Georgia, Alabama, Mississippi, Louisiana and 
elsewhere, filling contracts in masonry for the planters. 

In 1855 he was pushing a formidable business in the 



378 THE POLITICAL HISTORY OF CHICAGO. 

manufacture of brick, when in 1869 he found himself able 
toretire with an independence. The great fire of 1871, how- 
ever, and the panic which followed, forced him into active 
business once more. He furnished the brick for the Palmer 
House, Grand Pacific Hotel, Tremont House, the McCor- 
mick reaper factory, the Cook county hospital, the court 
house and many other large buildings throughout the 
great city of Chicago. 

Mr. Jones is an old member of high standing in Gar- 
den City Lodge A. F. and A. M., and Joliet Commandary. 
Widowed twice, he married Miss Katie Gridley about ten 
years ago . She is the daughter of John Gridley, the well- 
known stock-yard operator. 

p. j. SEXTON. 

A staunch Democrat is the master builder whose name 
is inscribed on the Cook County Court House . Mr. Sexton 
was born in Ireland, October, 1846, and his family remov- 
ed to Cincinnati, Ohio, when he was but three years of age. 
Here his early life was spent . At the age of thirteen he 
was apprenticed to a builder, and building has been 
his occupation ever since. In 1865 he went to Nash- 
ville, Tenn., and remained there until 1871, when he 
came to Chicago shortly after the big fire. The great city 
of Chicago is dotted with the evidences of his great enter- 
prise. The Chicago press thoroughly introduced him to 
the public by reason of the apparently endless litigation 
connected with the Court House dome that was never 
built, and other portions of that costly edifice. Delays by 
the county created the trouble. Originally the building 
was to loom up over the surroundings to the height of 366 
feet about the third highest in the world, but the city 
failed to advance money to build their part of the contract 
and the dome was dispensed with . Forty feet had been 
erected by the county which was torn down . 



MISCELLANEOUS. 379 

CHARLES KER2ST. 

This gentleman was born at Otterbach, in Rhenish, 
Bavaria, Germany, April 18, 1831. At the age of 18, he 
came to America, settling in Terre Haute, Indiana, where 
he became popular in a very short time . In 1862 when 
the Democratic party had no hopes, he was nominated by 
acclamation against his will and elected Sheriff of Vigo 
county, and was recognized as its very best official. In 
1865 he came to Chicago. In 1868 he was unanimously 
nominated by the Democrats of Cook county for Sheriff, 
but was defeated, the county being overwhelmingly 
Republican. In 1870 he was again nominated, ran three 
thousand ahead of his ticket and was defeated. In 1873 
he was again selected, ran four thousand ahead of his 
ticket and was defeated. In 1876 he was once more pressed 
into the field and was elected, by six thousand votes, while 
the balance of the ticket was defeated by four thousand. 
Mr. Kern has been mentioned time and again as one of 
the most available men in Cook county, for the most 
responsible positions. The well-know restauratuer is presi- 
dent of the Cook county Democratic club. 

JOHN J. CURRAN. 

Mr. Curran, who has been mentioned so frequently in 
connection with political affairs, especially within the last 
decade, and whose munificence is a matter of public record, 
was born in the south of Ireland. Here our subject 
imbibed the ideas that has caused him to champion the 
cause of Ireland so conspicuously. 

The Curran family first settled in Indiana, where John 
attended the public schools, as also in Lyons, Iowa. At 
the age of 15 he commenced to earn his own living and has 
succeeded admirably. Being today independently wealthy, 
he can contribute considerable time as well as money to 
the gratification of any animadversion, political, scientific 



380 THE POLITICAL HISTORY OF CHICAGO. 

or otherwise. Time and again he has been mentioned by 
the Democrats as a most available man for public distinc- 
tion. He accepted the vice-presidency of the Cook County 
Democratic Club, when Charles Kern was elected its presi- 
dent, and was also elected president of the Young 
Democracy. 

JOHN M. SMYTH. 

This gentleman is one of the most prominent lights in 
Eepublican local politics. He is of Irish descent, about 
forty-two years of age and was born on board of a tempest- 
tossed ship off the banks of Newfoundland. John McDon- 
ald Smyth was not the only child in the family that made 
his first appearance in public life on the water. A subse- 
quent boy was born on Lake Michigan, off Kenosha, when 
the family were en route to Chicago. Mr. Smyth's father, 
Michael K., originally a schoolteacher in Ireland, was 
elected clerk of the North Town of Chicago about 1848, 
but soon dying left our subject and his brother the support 
of their mother. John M. was first a newspaper carrier for 
the old Morning Post, launched by Sheehan, Matteson and 
F. A. Eastman. He also carried papers for J. McNally. 
At twenty he was city circulator for the Republican, into 
which the Post had merged. About 1868 he opened, with 
Ulick Bourke, a small furniture store on the West Side. 
Dissolving partnership, he then went into business for 
himself, and is today the leading dealer in the house fur- 
nishing line in the west division . Besides his fine property 
on the site of old Scammon school, on Madison street, he 
owns valuable property on Adams street, near Ogden ave- 
nue. He has long been Chairman of the Eepublican 
County Central Committee, was an elector on the Republi- 
can National Committee in 1880 ; and in 1884, represented 
the ninth ward in the council, and has frequently been 
spoken of as a candidate for Mayor. He has strong Irish 
sympathies, having conspicuously figured in the national 



MISCELLANEOUS. 381 

league conventions in Boston and Philadelphia. He is 
now president of the municipal council in the league, and 
contributes most generously to the Irish cause. He is an 
ardent Catholic. 

P. MCCARTHY. 

Patrick McCarthy, ex- County Commissioner, was born 
in the county of Kerry, Ireland, in 1844. When seven 
years of age the family removed to Ottawa, in Canada, and 
after two years came to Lamont, 111. In 1855 they came 
to Chicago, locating first on the North Side, where our 
subject attended school. In 1858, removing to the west 
division, he continued his studies in St . Patrick's school . 
Mr . McCarthy is a very successful contractor for the re- 
moval of vessel cargoes. 

TIMOTHY RYAN. 

The ex- Assessor was elected Assessor of the West Town 
of Chicago on the Democratic ticket by a majority of 4,930. 
His opponent was Pleasant Amick, the most formidable 
candidate for this particular position for years, as his 
thorough competency had been repeatedly tested. Mr. 
Ryan was born in Limerick, Ireland, in 1849, an era in 
history when the Irish infant, awake and asleep, breathed 
the fervent spirit of pure patriotism. It is not a marvel 
at all that Mr. Ryan commands so firm a position in the 
affections of his compatriots. The early life in America 
of our subject was spent in farming, the family locating 
in Pittsburgh, Pa. When Mr. Ryan came to Chicago he 
entered the wine and spirit trade, and is now doing busi- 
ness, southwest corner of Harrison and Clinton streets . 

JOHNG. NEUMEISTER. 

The ex-City Clerk was born in 1856 in Chicago. He 
attended the public schools and then studied at Notre 
Dame. At the age of eighteen, he engaged in business 



382 THE POLITICAL HISTORY OF CHICAGO. 

with his father George Neumeister, one of the oldest citi- 
zens and merchants in the city, and still retains the con- 
nection at 16 South Clark street, where the firm transact 
a most extensive trade in cheese and delicacies. Mr. Neu- 
meister has long been active in Democratic politics. He 
was nominated for Clerk of the North Town and succeeded 
in carrying every precinct in that division of the city. 
He made a brilliant fight for the clerkship of the Probate 
Court and was defeated, but when he made the race for 
the City Clerkship the result was a signal victory. 

WILLIAM BEST. 

The ex-Collector of the Town of South Chicago, was 
born in 1842 in Canterbury, England. When he was 
seven years old his family came west, and at the age of 
twenty-six, he became a partner of Partridge, the well- 
known tobacconist on Randolph street, in anti-fire days. 
From that time to the present Mr . Best has conducted a 
flourishing tobacco traffic throughout the United States, 
engineering no less than seventeen institutions and having 
it might be said monopolized the tobacco trade of all of 
the hotels. The name of the firm is Best, Russell & Co. 
Seventeen of the most prominent merchants signed Mr. 
Best's bond of twenty-two millions of dollars, the heaviest 
document ever recorded in this or any other state, so 
weighty in fact as to cause editorial comment by the east- 
ern press. He declined the Democratic nomination for 
Sheriff in 1886. 

JOSEPH SOKUP. 

Joseph Sokup, ex- Assessor of the West Town, was born 
in Prague, the capital of Bohemia, in Austria, in 1845. 
When eight years of age his parents came to this country, 
locating in western Virginia. In a short time they removed 
to Galena, and thence to Chicago . Here Joseph attended 
the Washington school up to the age of fourteen, when he 



MISCELLANEOUS. 383 

went to work for C. H. McCormick, the great reaper 
manufacturer. After four years of remunerative industry 
here, he picked up the harness business in a very brief time. 
In 1861, at the outbreak of the war, he entered into a con- 
tract making harnesses for the government for about three 
years, but was transferred to duty between 1864 and 1865, 
on the Nashville and Chattanooga Road. At the close of 
the war Mr. Sokup established the hardware and tin- 
roofng business in company with his brother, and is 
engaged in the business at present. In 1879 he was elected 
Assessor by a majority of 564 over Pleasant Amick, a very 
formidable adversary. In 1882 he was elected by a major- 
ity of about 211 over the same opponent. The election 
occurred on Tuesday, and Mr. Sokup was placed upon 
the ticket as late as 11 o'clock on the night of the Sunday 
immediately preceding. Mr. Sokup was always ambitious. 
When he was in his teens he was taken from the cars 
bent upon going to Cairo with the Lincoln Guards, under 
Captain Michaelski, afterwards killed at Chattanooga, 
when colonel of the Twenty-fourth. 

HENRY HUESMAN. 

The ex-Supervisor of the West Town of Chicago was born 
of German parents in Pennsylvania, Oct . 3, 1844. At the 
age of eight the family removed to Kentucky, and when 
seventeen years old Henry had already distinguished him- 
self in the classics. Retiring from college he served as 
bookkeeper for an extensive grocery and dry goods firm in 
Louisville. In 1867 he came to Chicago and up to 1870 
served as bookkeeper for a wholesale tobacco firm. For 
several years subsequently he was engaged in the grain 
traffic, making his headquarters, it might be said, at 
Janesville, Wis., where he made hosts of friends, as 
evidenced by the flattering notices given him by an unani- 
mous press on the occasion of his recent visit to that city. 



384 THE POLITICAL HISTORY OF CHICAGO. 

He was elected supervisor by about the largest vote on the 
ticket . Mr. Huesman is agent for the extensive brewery of 
Roesing & Bartholmae, corner of West Twelfth and Brown 
streets, and is a prominent member of several singing 
societies and social clubs. 

Mr. Huesman is popular with all nationalities and con- 
sequently powerful in politics. 

p. B. O'HARE. 

This gentleman was born in the city of Newry, County 
Down, Ireland, in 1848 and was 17 years of age when he 
came to America. He came alone and at once engaged in 
the dry goods business. In 1870 he came to Chicago and 
entered the dry goods establishment of A. G. Downs & Co., 
110 and 112 State street, as a salesman. He then went to 
J. B. Shay's, at 84 and 86 State street. He subsequently 
engaged in the services of J. V. Farwell & Co., where he 
today holds one of the most responsible positions. He 
was elected West Town Collector by a majority of 3,026, a 
larger vote than received by any collector before . He was 
a member of the Democratic County Central Committee 
for years, and is a prominent figure in politics generally. 

JOSEPH DIXON. 

Joseph Dixon, the ex- Warden of the Cook County 
Hospital, was born in Edinburgh, Scotland, in 1837, and 
as early as 1838 was a resident of the Garden City. What 
he learned at school would hardly qualify him for the 
position of Superintendent of Schools, as at the age of 14 
we find him off Charleston, S. C., throwing ropes on the 
"Annie Dee." He afterward shipped on the J. Y. 
Scammon and was wrecked on her. Two of his comrades 
went to the bottom . Dixon not only saved himself, but 
others. He was an expert swimmer from his school-days, 
and has saved as many as five people from watery graves. 
After the loss of the Scammon, he turned his hand to 



MISCELLANEOUS. 385 

carpentry. In 1858 he was appointed a complaint clerk 
under City Marshal Jacob Rehan, and in three weeks was 
on the detective force. In 1873, under Mayor Colvin, he 
was appointed Chief of Detectives. As such he served five 
months, when he was appointed Deputy Superintendent. 
This position he held while Colvin was Mayor, and 
during Heath's administration. Resigning he went 
to Colorado to look after certain mining interests in 
that locality . Returning to Chicago, the Board of County 
Commissioners tendered him the arduous position of 
Warden of the County Hospital. He cared for probably 
350 unfortunates on an average, and used about one 
hundred employes. 

The public know Joseph Dixon best as a detective. His 
reputation in this respect is not only national, but is firmly 
established in many foreign parts. It would require vol- 
umes to detail his experiences in the detection of crimi- 
nals. Probably one of his most noted successes was the 
apprehension of Alfred Ziegenmeyer for the murder of 
Gumbleton. Gumbleton was a stranger in Chicago, was 
robbed of all his effects, and thrown into the cold waters 
of Lake Michigan. While the affair in its mysterious 
bearings was challenging the exertions of the greatest de- 
tectives in our midst, Joe Dixon was noiselessly on the 
track, and when skill confessed defeat in every other quar- 
ter, Dixon stepped out of the darkness and pointed his 
finger at the assassin in far away Germany, enjoying his 
blood-money without stint . Dixon went to Germany and 
brought Ziegenmeyer to Chicago, whence he was sent to 
state prison for life . He died there . While on the force 
Mr. Dixon escaped assassination many times. 

GEORGE MILLER. 

This gentleman has been for years prominent among 
Chicago's citizens, especially those of German ex- 
25 



386 THE POLITICAL HISTORY OF CHICAGO. 

traction. He was born in Bavaria, South Germany, in 
1836, and attended college until 1850 serving, mean- 
while, in the Second Bavarian Dragoons when he came 
to Chicago and at once became prominent in the leader- 
ship of the Teutonia, Liederkrantz and other famous sing- 
ing societies. In 1859 he collected west division taxes and 
was also clerk for Street Commissioner Dunne, afterward 
drowned in the Mississippi. On October 1, 1860, Mr. 
Miller was made Second Sergeant on the police force, but 
resigned in 1864 to become a sidewalk inspector, resum- 
ing police duty he was placed on the detective force and 
arrested many horse-thieves. In 1865 he was appointed 
Captain of the third precinct. On May 1, 1866, he ac- 
cepted the United States inspectorship and subsequently, 
a superintendency of sidewalks. On July 4 he went back 
on the detective force, rose to a sergeantcy, and on Octo- 
ber 1, 1868, he became Captain of the second precinct. 
Having withdrawn from the force he commenced the 
practice of law, and is now pushing a lucrative business. 

HENRY SHROEDER. 

Henry Shroeder. ex-Alderman of the tenth ward, was 
born in Hanover, Germany, in 1848, having passed through 
the course of studies usual in the Fatherland, he arrived 
on these shores at the age of eighteen. He first found 
employment with the firm of Letz & Easfcon, as a livery- 
man at first, but soon entered the f oundery of the former, 
Mr. Fred. Letz, at that time engaged in several heavy 
contracts. He afterward engaged in teaming, which he 
prosecuted with success up to the time of the epizootic, 
when his business failed him . He then embarked in the 
wine and spirit trade, locating first on the corner of Mil- 
waukee avenue and Kinzie street, but subsequently remov- 
ing to No. 140 Milwaukee avenue. 

Mr. Shroeder was elected, in 1880, on an Independent 
Democratic ticket; five being in the field at the time. 



MISCELLANEOUS. 387 



SAMUEL STRITCH. 

Samuel Stritch is probably one of the most expert ab- 
stract men in the country. He was born in Kerry county, 
Ireland, and is about thirty-two years of age. His only 
education was received in Dublin, where his brother taught 
in the Royal military school of Phoenix Park. He after- 
ward attended school at a beautiful spot overlooking the 
river Slaney, a sparkling stream in the county of Wicklow. 
He came to America when fourteen years of age, and 
almost on his arrival became a book-keeper in Cincinnati. 
He was employed by A. C. Peters & Bros., music publish- 
ers, but soon after came to Chicago. In 1867 he entered 
the abstract business with Chase Bros. & Co. His exper- 
ience here secured him a position in the tax and abstract 
department of the Recorder's office . 

JAMES E. STEWART. 

The ex-Chief Inspector of the north-western division 
of the postal service station at Chicago, springs from the 
illustrious Scotch house of Stewart. He was born at For- 
fay, Scotland, July 8, 1841. In 1851 the family settled 
in Oshkosh, Wisconsin . Having graduated from the high- 
school he entered the law office of Gabe Bouck . He was 
studying law when the war occurred. In August, 1862, he 
entered Company B., Twenty-first Wisconsin Volunteers. 
He at once went into active service, participating, among 
other engagements, in the battle of Perryville, where the 
regiment lost one hundred and ninety-five men, Stone 
River; Chickamauga, Mission Ridge and the March to the 
Sea, during which he was made captain for gallantry. He 
received in person the written surrender of Rollin, N. C. 
He was mustered out in July, 1865. In 1866, returning 
to Oshkosh he was appointed a postal clerk and detailed on 
the North- Western railroad between Cedar Rapids and 



388 THE POLITICAL HISTOKY OF CHICAGO. 

Omaha. He was appointed chief clerk of the railway mail 
service in 1869. In 1872 he was appointed Inspector. 

MICHAEL WASSERMAN. 

Ex-County Commissioner Michael Wasserman, who was 
elected in 1882 by a majority of 2,100, was born in Bavaria 
in 1846. After a course in classics, our subject had a 
painful experience in early life. For the want of better 
employment, he industriously mutilated his fingers putting 
in window glass, and might point today to several scars as 
the result. He embarked in the hardware business in St . 
Louis, and pursued it in Leavenworth. In 1866 he came 
to Chicago, and entered a printing office, issuing after a 
time a theater programme for German performances. He 
afterward became interested in the West Twelfth street 
Turner Hall, where he supervised for years its numerous 
festivities. After the great fire Mr. Wasserman distrib- 
uted, without one cent of compensation, the funds con- 
tributed by the Turner societies of the country in behalf 
of the victims, and received the universal commendation of 
the public for his honesty and energy. He subsequently 
established a restaurant at 20 Clark street, but some time 
ago disposed of it to engage in more congenial business. 
He is engaged in the wine and liquor traffic, and his place 
is a well known resort for public men. 

JAMES M'HALE. 

One of the first white men born in the North Division 
of Chicago first saw the light April 22, 1838, and his 
birthplace was No. 244 Illinois street. Having completed 
a successful course of study, our subject apprenticed him- 
self to the ship carpentering business, and followed it for six 
years. His first political position may be said to have been 
under Samuel Chase, Assessor of the North Town of Chi- 
cago. He afterward assisted William Vocke in the collec- 
tion of North Town taxes; was a deputy under Sheriff 



MISCELLANEOUS. 389 

Agnew, and also under City Clerk Neumeister. He is a 
member of the Illinois Legislature. 

E. A. FILKINS. 

Edward Augustus Filkins, ex-Clerk of the County Board, 
and a prominent worker in the Republican ranks, was born 
in Wheeling, Cook county, May 29 1842. He first went to 
school in Chicago, and completed his studies in New Haven. 
Returning to Chicago, he entered the hardware store of his 
father, whose partner was a Mr. Runyon. In 1861 he 
joined the Nineteenth Illinois Infantry, enrolling in the 
three-year service. He was with General Rosecrans in his 
advance into Kentucky; with General Buell, was present 
at the last battle of Stone River; and was then assigned to 
the Quartermaster's department up to 1866. In 1867 he 
entered the County Clerk's office under Edwin S . Solomon 
afterward governor of Washington Territory; in 1868 he 
was made a Deputy Clerk in the Circuit Court under 
Norman T. Gassette; was engaged from 1872 to 1874 in 
real estate, in 1874 served in the Internal Revenue depart- 
ment, and in 1877 was appointed Clerk of the County 
Board . 

ANTON IMHOF. 

Anton Imhof was born in Bruckenan, Bavaria, July 8, 
1835, and when about nineteen years of age came to 
Armstrong county, Pennsylvania, where he learned the 
carpentry trade. In 1870 he came to Chicago, where he 
secured the position of street foreman for the North Di- 
vision. In 1880 he was elected Alderman of the Sixteenth 
ward by Democrats and Republicans alike . 

JOHN RIORDAN. 

Ex-Alderman Riordan, of the seventh ward, was 
born in Limerick, Ireland, in 1830. When eighteen years 
old he came to New York, and in 1849 arrived in Chicago. 
His first hard knocks were along the docks, on the old 



390 THE POLITICAL HISTORY OF CHICAGO. 

Galena, the first road that entered Chicago, and on the 
Illinois Central from Urbana south. Life became more 
pleasant when he procured a situation as book-keeper for 
Farrell, Boyer & Casey. He was with this firm for about 
two years, and with Heald & Waterhotise afterwards. He 
finally went into the hay business, locating at No. 531 
Throop street. 

Alderman Riordan has repeatedly succeeded himself in 
the Council . He takes great interest in the conduct of 
the police force, and his selection as chairman of the com- 
mittee on police is deemed a most wise selection. The po- 
sition of Alderman Riordan in favor of good salaries for 
the city employes has always been strongly defined. 

s. D. FOSS. 

This gentleman was born in Grafton County, New 
Hampshire, in 1834. His early life was spent on the farm 
of his father who was a German Whig, and is now aged 
77. The ex- Alderman is a Republican but ran independ- 
ent . There were three in the field and his plurality was 
thirteen. Attaining his majority he went to Boston and 
was employed by Mr. Streeter, brother-in-law of the 
proprietor of the Parker House. He was a livery keeper. 
In 1860 he went to Pikes Peak and subsequently located a 
claim in Leadville. He is now engaged in transportation 
business. 

EDWARD P. BARRETT. 

Edward Patrick Barrett, ex-Alderman of the Seven- 
teenth ward, was born in Scottsville, Genesee County, New 
York, July 12, 1840. When very young, the family removed 
to the vicinity of Thorald, Canada, and settled on a farm. 
In 1848 Mr. Barrett's father considered it good fortune 
to have three stacks of wheat all to himself out west. In 
1860 the subject of this sketch went south and drove a 
team in Louisiana for the firm of Benedict & Marshall, 



MISCELLANEOUS. 391 

contractors. In 1862 he came to Chicago and connected 
himself with the American Express Company, and was in 
their employ up to four months after his first election in 
1879. He ran upon every road leaving the city, it might 
be said, except the Michigan Central, and Milwaukee & St. 
Paul, and while many and many an accident occurred on 
his train he invariably escaped . In 1881 the Alderman 
was reflected without making scarcely an effort. He was 
paying strict attention to his duties on the road when 
apprised of the choice of the people. 

GENERAL JAMES SHIELDS. 

In the "Political History of Chicago," the following 
sketch, contributed by William J. Onahan, is not out of 
place. 

" The hero of two wars and Senator from three states." 

Few public men in the United States had a more event- 
ful career than General James Shields, and Illinois es- 
pecially has reason to honor his memory and to hold in 
grateful remembrance his faithful and distinguished r- 
vices. 

Member of the Legislature, Auditor of State, Judge of 
the Supreme Court he had, by force of character and 
native ability, attained these different positions of trust 
and honor in Illinois ; and when war with Mexico was de- 
clared he was holding the position of Commissioner of 
the General Land Office. The Congressional delegation 
from Illinois, headed by Hon. John Went worth, called on 
President Polk and urged the appointment of Shields to a 
military position and rank, comporting with his ability 
and the high offices he had filled. 

The request was granted on the spot, and Shields was 
commissioned Brigadier General July 1, 1846. He led the 
Illinois troops in the march to the City of Mexico, and fought 
with signal gallantry throughout the year being severely 



392 THE POLITICAL HISTORY OF CHICAGO. 

wounded at Cerro Gordo and Chapultepec indeed, in 
the first accounts of the former battle he was reported 
killed. 

His capacity, bravery, and soldierly skill, won universal 
recognition in the army, and is testified to in the general 
orders issued by General Scott, Commander-in-Chief. At 
the battle of Cherubusco General Shields led the attack 
on the Mexican reserve, under Santa Anna, his command 
embracing the Illinois and New England brigades and the 
celebrated " Palmetto " regiment from South Carolina. 
With these troops Shields completely routed the Mexican 
forces, and Santa Anna himself had a narrow escape from 
capture . 

In compliment to his conspicuous success and gallantry 
General Shields was designated to head the conquering 
forces entering the City of Mexico. 

Many romantic incidents and episodes are related of the 
General's experience during the war, each of them serving 
more strikingly to illustrate his chivalric character and 
sturdy bravery in action, his consideration for his men, 
and his magnanimity to the enemy when wounded and 
prisoners in his hands. 

At the close of the war he was breveted Major-General 
and was mustered out of service July 20, 1848. 

In the same year he was nominated Governor of Oregon 
Territory, but declined the appointment. He was then 
chosen United States Senator by the Legislature of Illi- 
nois, and served the full term, Dec. 3, 1849 to March 3. 
1855. 

Defeated for reelection in Illinois, in consequence of the 
feuds and divisions in his own party, Hon. Lyman Trum- 
bull being chosen to succeed him, General Shields moved 
to Minnesota and there established a colony of Irish set- 
tlers in and around Faribault. 

The result of this effort is best and most strikingly 



MISCELLANEOUS. 393 

shown in the fact that the settlement thus formed is now 
one of the most prosperous farming communities in the 
state of Minnesota. 

General Shields was elected to the United States Senate 
from Minnesota, which state he represented from May 12, 
1858, to March 3, 1859. He subsequently moved to Cali- 
fornia; and, not improbably, would have been called to 
represent that state also in the United States Senate, but, 
as soon as hostilities broke out between the North and 
South^ he offered his services to President Lincoln and was 
commissioned Brigadier General, August 19, 1861. The 
general desire of the Irish- American soldiers in the army 
a desire which was warmly seconded and voiced by General 
Meagher, Colonel Mulligan and other Irish- American offi- 
cers was that Shields should be placed in command of an 
"Irish Division," which could easily have been formed; 
but the War Department received the suggestion coldly, 
and nothing was done to carry it into effect. 

General Shields was given a division in General Banks' 
army in the Shenandoah valley early in 1862, and com- 
manded at the battles of Port Eepublic and Winchester. 
In the latter he inflicted a severe repulse on Stonewall 
Jackson, after having been severely wounded in a skirmish 
on the previous day. When the rebels evacuated Manassas, 
Stonewall Jackson and eight thousand men were at Win- 
chester. When Banks advanced, Jackson retired twenty 
miles south to Strasburg, pursued Shields. Banks then 
moved on to Manassas and Shields fell back on Winchester. 
Jackson supposed this was a retreat, and he moved forward 
again and attacked General Shields at Winchester, March 
23, 1862, but was very severely repulsed. 

It is now well known and admitted, that, as in the in- 
stance of other distinguished officers, the political princi- 
ples held by General Shields and his firm adherence to the 
Democratic party, formed a barrier to his advancement, 



THE POLITICAL HISTORY OF CHICAGO. 

and even to the according him fair recognition for services 
rendered. 

Following the memorable campaign against General 
Stonewall Jackson, General Shields resigned his commis- 
sion in the army and retired to a farm, which he had ac- 
quired in Carroll county, Missouri, where he lived a quiet 
and retired life as a farmer till 1877, when he was elected 
a member of the General Assembly of Missouri. In the 
same year he was appointed Adjutant General, and after- 
wards was elected United States Senator from that state to 
fill the vacancy caused by the death of Senator Bogy. 

Thus General Shields had the remarkable distinction, 
unique, we believe, in the history of the Senate, of having 
represented three states of the Union in the highest coun- 
cil of the nation. 

He did not long survive the close of his term of service. 
He died suddenly in Ottumwa, Iowa, shortly after, follow- 
ing a lecture which he was called there to deliver. 

General Shields was born in the town of Dungannon, 
County Tyrone, Ireland, in 1810, and in 1826 emigrated 
to the United States. He made his way to Illinois, settling 
in Kaskaskia, then the capital, where he studied law and 
was admitted to the bar in 1832. (During his term of ser- 
vice as member of the legislature, 1836-7, Shields was en- 
trusted by a committee of Chicago citizens, led by Hon. 
John Wentworth, with the bill for an act of incorporation 
and the first charter of the city of Chicago.) 

Largely through his active and zealous championship 
the measure was pushed through both houses of the Legis- 
lature, so that General Shields may be said to have obtained 
the first charter for the city of .Chicago. 

While in the Senate from this state the bill donating a 
magnificent grant of land in aid of the projected Illinois 
Central R. R. was introduced, and finally passed. 

The vast importance of this measure to the develop- 



MISCELLANEOUS. 395 

ment and prosperity of Illinois was scarcely then adequate- 
ly estimated, but subsequent results arid existing conditions 
have amply vindicated the policy and statesmanship of 
this great and splendid gift. 

Senator Douglas received at this time almost exclusive 
credit for this measure, but no small share is in fact justly 
due to General Shields, who successfully undertook to 
widen and enlarge the scope of the original grant, and also 
effected an important change and extension in the pro- 
posed line of road by which it was made to bisect the state 
from one end to the other, from Galena to Cairo. 

It is a curious and interesting fact that General Shields 
was offered the command of the Pontifical army at a time, 
during the reign of the late Pope Pius IX. when the 
security of the states of the church, the temporal possess- 
ions of the Holy See, was menanced by revolution and 
spoliation. After deliberate consideration the tender was 
declined. We had this statement from General Shields 
himself. 

The career, qualities and character of General Shields 
may well serve as a model and a study for the public men 
of our time. Rising by regular graduation in public life 
from the position of a member of the Illinois Legislature in 
1836-7, to the responsible post of Auditor of State, then 
Judge of the Supreme Court, afterward Commissioner of 
the General Land Office, which he resigned to take a Gen- 
eral's rank and position in the army, and finally returning 
with honorable wounds and a glorious record from Mexico, 
a grateful state elected him to represent it in the United 
States Senate; the associate and compeer of Judge Douglas. 

These successive honors were not attained by mere 
accident as sometimes happens in political life; neither 
were they won by "Influence "or through the favors of 
personal friends. 

General Shields Avorked his own way upward unaided . 



396 THE POLITICAL HISTORY OF CHICAGO. 

He possessed ability, grit, and sterling honesty. These 
were the qualities that won , 

In whatever position General Shields held he made a 
record for himself as a faithful public servant, and he came 
out of every public office held by him, from first to last, 
with untarnished honors. 

Temptation could not move, bribery and corruption 
dare not approach him. Great trusts and immense 
responsibilities were often in his hands he was faithful 
under every condition . Through his long and chequered 
public career he probably never possessed $5,000 at any one 
time. 

He had modest tastes and simple habits. All that he 
possessed when he died was a small farm and the jeweled 
swords presented to him, one by the state of South Caro- 
lina after the Mexican war, the other by the city of New 
York. These are heirlooms for his children, but a more 
glorious heritage than all is the splendid record of his 
honorable career, his faithful services and stainless char- 
acter as a public officer; his bravery and capacity in the 
field; his wisdom and energy in council; his fidelity to 
duty on all occasions and in every circumstance. 

Nor did General Shields forget his native land. On 
every fitting opportunity his voice was heard pleading her 
cause, and championing her right to self-government. 
Had the occasion presented itself, when his sword would 
have availed in her service, joyously would he have drawn 
it against his country's hereditary foe. Once indeed, at 
the close of the war, the leaders of the Fenian organization 
made overtures to him to take the command of a force 
designed to operate against Canada; but General Shields 
was too experienced a soldier not to see the folly of such a 
suicidal raid without adequate arms or commissaries, to say 
naught of the criminality of an unjustifiable invasion . 

Of course he promptly declined the offer; but, as he 



MISCELLANEOUS. 397 

himself publicly declared, given the indispensable con- 
ditions in Ireland to justify a revolutionary movement, he 
would not hesitate to lead an armed force to join in the 
struggle for Ireland's freedom . 

It is known that, in advance of the organization of the 
Land League, General Shields had elaborated a plan to 
unite in a solid organization the American Irish, so as to 
aid in any home movement that might be set on foot for 
national enfranchisement or local self-government. 

General Shields was a devoted Catholic and, in his later 
years, devoutly attended to the religious duties of his faith. 

When suddenly stricken down in a convent in Ottumvva 
where he was visiting his niece, to whom he was devotedly 
attached, he still had the opportunity, in his last hours, 
to receive the holy rites of his Church . 

His remains are interred in Carrollton, the home of his 
sorrowing widow and family. 

No monument yet marks the spot, but a movement is 
likely to be soon set on foot to erect a suitable shaft over 
the grave of as pure a man and as brave a soldier as 
America has known. On that monument may be fittingly 
inscribed the legend " Semper et ubique ftdelis." 





. 




-" .. 








UNIVERSITY OF ILLINOIS-URBAN* 

977.31AH3P C001 

POLITICAL HISTORY OF CHICAGO CHGO 





30112025383479