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/ Chapter Page 

/ Introductory _ x\i 

/ I. — Genesis of the Polk Family 1 

Scotch and Irish History of Family _ ti 

II.— Robert Bruce Pollok _ C, 

{ The Keys Family ^ 

I III. — Data from Ireland it 

Births and Deaths in Keys Family In 

IV. — Broomfield Castle and Moneen i:'. 

John Polk here in 1G80 1.". 

V. — When the Immigrants Arrived Is 

James Poke of Barbadoes 19 

\\. — The Anglicanism ?*? 

\'II. — Emigration of the Polks .-. ■.'•") 

First Churches on Eastern Shore of M'yland 'l\ 

Charles, first Son of Ephraim Polk, 1st ■.'•"» 

\'III. — 'Robert and ^Magdalen's Family 28 

John Polk's Descendants 2!» 

^, Frojn the S^meiset Records ."U 

' 'Errors of 1^4 'Pdl^ Tree :j:i 

IX.— James ;Po!k,;Son of Robert Bruce Polk :5() 

Lancl ''Grants to James Polk ^J'i 

Will ot.'jarntis Polk -^^ 

X .— i)k\-id' Polk'^" will _ 1 1 

XL— James Polk's Other Children _ 4o 

Emigration to the West 47 

The Somerset Records - li' 

XII.— Letters of Col. Wm. T. G. Polk. -.... •*•<» 

XIII. — A\'inder and Polk Connection «..- '»l 

XIV.— Alagdalen Polk's Will •*•• 

Grants from Lord Baltimore •'! 

Additional List of Grants ^''• 

X^^— Will of Robert Bruce Polk '"'i 

Other Polk Wills ..:. 'j'* 

XVI.— Observations of R. C. B. Thruston '^^^ 

Information - ' ^ 

viii C G s T L s T .; 

Chapter Page 

^VII. — Marriages and Descendants 75 

Robert's Children 77 

Conclusions 7,3 

XVIII.— AVm. Polk, Grandson of Robert Bruce Polk 81 

Anne Polk, Daughter of John 82 

^IX. — Joseph Polk and Descendants., 84 

Lands Granted to Joseph Polk _ 85 

A\'ill of Joseph Pollock 87 

Family of Daniel Morris, Sr 91 

jMartha and Ann Polk 92 

Martha Polk's Descendants 93 

Numerous Progen}^ 94 

XX.— Descendants of William Polk, 3d 95 

XXI.— Chas. Polk, Son of W'm. and Margaret 100 

XXII.— Margaret Polk McRea \ 106 

XXIII. — General Thomas Polk's Descendants „ 108 

John Paul Jones 113 

^lajor Allen J. Polk 114 

XXIV. — ^The ^lecklenburg Declaration 116 

Battle of Allamance 116 

Convention Al^ets. ,..t....f....c lis 

The Resolves -.•..;..V..I •....,' ''' '-<  1i,S 

XXV. — Sketch of General Thom^f/ jPcJk.c 124 

Defeats at Camden'er; 127 

Military Organized' •'.<....•'' Ill-- .'.'..'.... ' 128 

Escorts Baggage Trarn"tG''i]'feth'lfe'hem 129 

William Polk of Carlisle 131 

XXVI.— Sketch of Colonel A\'illiam Polk _ 133 

La Fayette's Visit to Xorth Carolina _ 141 

Death of Colonel William Polk 144 

XXVII.— Dr. William J. Polk I47 

General Lucius E. Polk I47 

XXVIII.— Dr. Thomas G. Polk _..... Ill 156 

Colonel Cadwallader Polk 1,57 

Captain Rufus J. Polk 1.58 

Major Allen J. Polk I59 

General Thomas G. Polk 161 

General Lucius J. Polk 162 


Chapter Page 

XXIX. — Bishop and Lt. General Leonidas Polk liiJ 

Civil War 173 

XXX. — Atlanta Campaign 177 

Death of General Leonidas Polk 178 

General Johnston's Order 183 

Funeral Obsequies and Burial 183 

XXXI. — St. John's Church, Ashwood, Tenn 188 

Interesting Family Letters 101 

XXXII. — Polk's Serving in Congress lt>8 

Hon. Rufus K. Polk. M. C, from P'sylvania VM) 

XXXIII.— William Polk, Sr., Son of Immigrants -.^(13 

William Polk, Sr., Twice ^larried 2(14 

XXXR'.— Wrong William made Body of 1849 Tree 20t 

William Polk and Priscilla Roberts 207 

Children of William and Xancy ( Kumx- 

Owens) Polk 200 

William, Son of Judge David P.^lk 210 

Betsy, Daughter of William Polk 211 

Hetty, Daughter of William Polk 311 

Gertrude, Daughter uf William Polk 211 

XXX\\— Josiah. Son of William Polk 213 

Captain William, S(^n of William Polk 213 

Colonel James Polk, Son of William Polk 214 

Anne. Daughter of Judge William Polk 2 1.*) 

James Polk, Son of William Polk. Sr 21.-) 

XXXVL— Samuel Polk's Descendants _ 224 

Colonel Wm. Thomas Gilliss Polk's Family 221 

Joseph Gilliss Polk's Family 227 

XXXA'II.— Whittington Connection '■'■''' 

Descendants of Susan Lankford '•' '■' 

Priscilla Polk Whittington „ 2^^ 

XXXA'IIL— Sketch of James Knox Polk — " - ! 1 

Jackson and Polk Families - 247 

Xominated and Elected President 248 

:Mr. Polk's Inauguration -•■'1 

Chief Administration Measures ~ '-'•"'•'^ 

Death of James K. Polk '•''' 

XXXIX.— Xumbered Record of Polks '-^-'^ 

C O A' r L .V T s 

Chapter • Page 

XL. — Captain Juhn I'olk ol2 

Taylor Polk's Descendants 312 

Capt. John Polk's Descendants 316 

Judge Alfred Polk 317 

Judge Alfred Polk's Family 317 

Mary Cynthia (Polk) Davis' Family 318 

John ("Jackie") Polk's Descendants 321 

Davenports and Cartwrights 322 

XLI.— John D. Polk and Family 324 

Descendants of Emily R. Polk 324 

John Polk Childres' Family 325 

Charles Vaulton Childres' Family 325 

John A. Polk and Family 325 

Benjamin D. A. Polk's Family 327 

"Civil Charley" Polk's Family 32S 

Descendants of Jackie and Cynthia Polk 332 

Rev. R. O. \A'atkins and Family 334 

Sketch of Rev. R. O. \\^atkins 334 

Sketch of Judge A. B. Watkins 335 

^Memoranda of the Polk Family in Texas 335 

XLII.— Children of Chas. Polk and Wife Alargaret 339 

John Polk and Family 340 

Colonel AA'illiam Knox Polk's Descendants 340 

Sketch of Headley Polk 343 

W'arnell Polk 344 

XLIII..— Unattached Branches 348 

Tragic Death of Rev. William Polk 354 

XLIA^. — Charles Polk, The Indian Trader 355 

Will of Charles Polk, Indian Trader 356 

]\Iurder of Logan's Kin 359 

Capt. Charles Polk's Certificate 359 

XLV. — Capture of Kincheloe's Station 362 

Capt. Charles Polk's Family 364 

Descendants of Sarah Polk Piety 365 

Spoke Indian Tongue W^ell 372 

Polk Land Entries in Kentucky 373 

XLVL— Capture of Capt. Chas. Polk's Family 374 

Attack on the Fort 378 


Chapter Page 

XLA'II.— Judge William Polk, Son of Capt. Cha>. Polk iil'u 

Judge A\illiam Polk and Family Mi 

Elizabeth (Polk) Spencer „ 392 

Children of Capt. Spier Spencer _ 394 

Sally (Polk) Bruces's Descendants 395 

Children of Capt. Wm. Bruce and Wife 395 

Joseph Hamilton Scroggin's Family '.V.H't 

Capt. John Scroggin's Family 398 

Of Scotch-Irish Blood _ 398 

Quarrel over Baby's Name 399 

Xancy Ruby's Family and Chas. Polk. 3rd 4(»0 

XL\'III. — Edmond Polk's Descendants 4u3 

Edmond Polk's Children 406 

Grandchildren of Edmond Polk. Sr 4nS 

Grandchildren's Children 4(»S 

Children of James Polk 1 1 1 

Children of James Aladison Polk 414 

Children of Henry Hamilton Polk lUi 

Deaths 1 1 <i 

Xew Salem Church 1 1 •! 

XLIX. — Claiborne Polk and Descendant^ 4 is 

Irwin C. Polk's Family 4t>l 

Isabella (Polk) Kendle 421 

Francis Marion Polk I'-"-' 

\\^illiam Albert Polk's Family 122 

Caleb Clark Palk's Family : 122 

Sarah Jane Polk's Family 425 

Alexander Hamilton Polk 125 

Grandchildren of Alexander H. Polk 42*5 

^.—Descendants of Rev. Isaac M'Coy and Wife 428 

Intermarriages '"-•'^ 

The Chick Family '••' 

Intermarriages of Jno. Calvin M'Coy's 

Children ' ' ' 

LI.— Charles Polk. 3rd, and Family 436 

Descendants of Dr. Thomas Polk Ho 

Intermarriages '• '' 

Sketch of Dr. Thomas Polk ' '■' 


C O 11 T h A T S 

Chapter Page 

LII. — Ephraim Polk, 1st, and Descendants -i-iO 

Charles Polk, 1st, Son of Ephraim, 1st 450 

Children of Charles Polk, 1st -±51 

Sketch of Gov. John W. Hall 452 

Judge Charles Polk 455 

Gov. Charles Polk 455 

LI II.— Sketch of Gov. Charles Polk 4G1 

Sketch of Hon. Albert F. Polk 465 

Allied Families 409 

Minors and Beswicks 4TU 

Beswick Bible Records 473 

The Manlove Family 474 

Wm. Manlove, Sr 477 

The Curtis Family 478 

Barratt Family 481 

The Clarke Family 48:3 

Brinckles in Alilitary Service 483 

Member of Penn's Council 484 

The Hayes Family 484 

William Polk's Descendants 485 

The Luff Family 486 

John Polk, Son of Ephraim, 1st 491 

LIV. — Polk Scroggin Kinship 496 

Genesis of American Scroggin Family 496 

Gallant Officers of the Revolution 500 

Joseph Polk, Sr., Sun of Ephraim, 1st 502 

Joseph Polk, Jr., Son of Joseph Polk, Sr 502 

Robert Polk and Family 505 

Children of Wm. Revbold Polk 509 

LV.— Children of Ephraim Polk, 2nd 510 

Will of Ephraim Polk, 2nd 510 

LVL— Ephraim Polk, 3rd 516 

Captain Rhoads' Company 518 

Privates 518 

Valley Forge 519 

Ephraim Emigrates to Kentucky 520 

An Indian Raid 522 

LVIL— The Morris Familv 528 


Chapter Page 

Children of Daniel Morris, Jr 'y>\) 

Children of James ]\Iorris, Sr 531 

Children of Ephraim Polk, 3rd 532 

Family of Mary Polk Wolf 533 

Children of Polly and Jesse Wolf 533 

Intermarriages 534 

Jesse Wolfs Capture 538 

LA'lII. — Family of Xancy (Polk) Adams 5-iO 

Xancy Adams' Family 5-iO 

Marriages 541 

Dr. James M. Ely's Family 541 

Family of Dr. James ]\1. Adams „ 542 

Intermarriages 543 

Family of John White 543 

Family of Allen ^^IcMichael 548 

Alarriages 548 

John H. Hufford's Family 550 

Family of Thomas A. Gant 553 

Dr. ^larcellus M. Adams' Family 553 

Fannie Stutsman's Family 554 

Sketch of Dr. ]\Iarcellus M. Adams 554 

Dr. Jefferson J. Polk and Descendants 557 

Family of Dr. Jeft'erson J. Polk 5(55 

Martha F. Duncan's Family 505 

Family of Dr. AWlliam Tod Polk 566 

LMX.— Family of Ephraim J. Polk 568 

Children of Ephraim J. Polk 568 

Children of John M. Polk 573 

Children of Thos. J. Polk and Wife 574 

EX. — Daniel Polk and Descendants - 575 

Daniel Polk's Children 576 

Family of David Tanner Polk 576 

Family of David Tanner Polk, Jr .. 577 

Family of Rhoda Ann Rodgers •■ 577 

Marriages - ''^ 

Family of Ben F. Rodgers ""^l 

Family of Thomas P. D. Polk •"^•'^1 

Famil'v of Willis W. Polk 5«2 

xiv C O N T E N T S 

Chapter Page 

Family of Sardius G. Polk 587 

Intermarriages 588 

Family of James Knox Polk 588 

Sarah (Kitty) Polk's Family 588 

LXI. — Family of Hester D. Collins 591 

Family of Col. John E. Collins 592 

Col. John Collins' Children 59? 

Col. John Collins' Grandchildren 592 

Descendants of Clement M. Polk 593 

Children of Clement Polk 594 

Charles Ephraim Polk 598 

Descendants of Gilead Polk Gn2 

Children of Gilead Polk 605 

LXII. — The Johnson Family 610 

The Alexander Family 611 

The Holladay Family 611 

Family of William H. Polk 612 

LXIIL— A\'illiam H. Polk 617 

LXI v.— Family of Theodore C. Polk 621 

Children of Theodore Clay Polk 621 

Theodore C. Polk 622 

Family of John Knox Polk 625 

Sarah Atkins and Ephraim Polk. 5th 626 

LXV. — Descendants of Jehosephat Polk 629 

Family of Hosea and Sally Polk 630 

Intermarriages 630 

Marcellus Polk's Family 633 

Sketch of ^^larcellus Polk 633 

Sarah A. Deming's Famih- 634 

James E. Polk 639 

Family of Edward M. and Alelissa Hubbert 639 

Marriages, Births and Deaths 640 

Mary Susan Polk's Family 645 

Margaret Dougherty's Family _ 645 

Family of Jefiferson Scott Polk ,. 645 

Marriages 646 

Sketch of Jefferson Scott Polk 646 

Admitted to Par in Kentucky 651 


Chapter Page 

Tribute to his Life and Character 652 

Sketch of Harry Herndon Polk 659 

Herndon Hall, PTome of Jefferson Polk 659 

LXVI.— Dr. Ed. Polk's Branch of Family 665 

Dr. Edward T. Polk 666 

Family of R. L. Polk 669 

LXMI.— Robert Polk, Jr., and Descendants 671 

Family of Rohert Polk, Jr 671 

Land Grants to Robert's Line 673 

Robert Polk, 3rd, a Colonial Official 673 

Children of Robert Polk, 3rd 674 

LXVHL— Col. William Polk's Descendants 675 

Children of Col. William Polk 675 

Intermarriages 676 

AA'illiam Polk, Son of Col. William, Son of 

Robert Polk, Jr 677 

Descendants of Elizabeth (Robinson) Polk 6S0 

LXIX. — Trusten Laws Polk's Descendants 691 

Children of Wm. Xutter Polk 691 

Intermarriages 692 

Elizabeth Shockley's Family 693 

Wm. Causey Polk's Family 693 

Sketch of Governor Trusten Polk 694 

LXX.— The W^hite Family 697 

Daniel Polk, Sr., of Delaware 699 

Daniel Polk, Sr.'s Family - 700 

Intermarriages 700 

Clayton Family 700 

Samuel A\^hite Polk's Family 701 

Midshipman John Polk 702 

Family of Daniel Polk, Jr _ 703 

Family of Elizaheth Powell 704 

Family of Kate Powell Tyree 704 

Family of Edward P.. Powell 704 

Family of Dr. Louis Polk 705 

Family of Mrs. Landon A. Thomas, Sr 705 

Family of Landon A. Thomas, Jr - 706 

Family of Daniel Polk, of Denver 706 


Chapter Page 

Peggy Logan's Family 7u7 

The Tilghman Family 708 

^ LXXL— Capt. Robert Polk, Naval Officer 709 

Descendants of Capt. Ro'bert Polk _ 710 

Family of Charles Peale Polk 710 

Charles Peale Polk, Artist 712 

Charles Peale Polk's Letter to AX'ashington 715 

LXXIL— Polks of Accomac Cramty. Virginia 717 

Intermarriages 717 

Sallie Polk's Descendants 71.S 

Margaret Polk's Descendants 719 

William Polk's Descendants 724 

Capt. \\'illiam Polk's Ancestors 725 

LXXIIL— The Pollocks of America 727 

Judge John C. Pollock's Line 732 

James and A\'illiam Pollock ']:V.', 

LXXIV.— br. Thomas Pollock's Descendants 737 

Paternial Line of Lt. Col. Otis Wheeler 

Pollock 739 

LXX\\— Visit to Scottish Ancestral Home 740 

The Pogue Family 741 



Frontispiece — \\'. H. Polk. 

Alap of Alaryland. Delaware. Pennsylvania, West Xew 

Jersey xxvii 

Chart _ S3 

Gen'l Thos. G. Polk of. North Carolina _ 109 

Col. A\'illiam Polk, of North Carolina 135 

Monument of Col. \\'m. Polk at Raleigh, N. C l-tS 

Dr. ^^'m. Julius Polk and Wife, of North Carolina 149 

Gen'l Lucius E. Polk, of Arkansas 153 

Gen'l LrUcius Junius Polk, of North Carolina and 

Tennessee 163 

Col. W'm. H. Polk and \\'ife 167 

Bishop Leonidas Polk and A\'ife ITl 

Lieut. Gen'l Leonidas Polk 179 

St. Paul Episcopal Church, Augusta, Ga 185 

St. John's Church, Ashwood, ]\Iaury County, Tenn 189 

Hon. Rufus K. Polk, ^I. C. from Pennsylvania 201 

Col. AVm. T. G. Polk, Princess Anne. Md 2-25 

James K. Polk and Wife 243 

Polk Place. Nashville. Tenn 249 

Jas. K. Polk [Monument. Raleigh, N. C 255 

Col. Andrew J. Polk and Wife 259 

Wm. Polk and Wife, Alexander, La 263 

Col. Cadwallader Polk, of Arkansas 271 

Rufus J. Polk 275 

]\L-s. Lucius J. Polk and 3*Iadame Paget 279 

Col. Lucius Junius Polk, Jr.. A\'ife and Two Children, of 

Texas" ' 285 

Col. Geo. W. Polk, Wife and Son, San Antonio, Tex 289 

Dr. Wm. Mecklenburg Polk and \\lfe, of New York 293 

Capt. Frank L. Polk and Wife, of New York 297 

Geo. W\ Polk and Six Sons, of Tennessee 301 

3*Irs. Kenneth Raynor, of North Carolina 305 

Antionette (Polk) De Charette and Her Home, near 

Paris, France 3^9 

Jas. V. Polk, of Beaumont, Tex -^^^ 

xviii LIST o /•• ILL r s t rat i o n s 


Mrs. Margaret Jane (Polk) Teel, of Texas '■'y'Z'J 

Judge Albert B. Watkins, of Athens, Tex 337 

Headley Polk, San Marcos, Tex 345 

R. C. Ballard Thruston, of Louisville, Ky 369 

Amiee J. and Edna B. Ruby, of La Fayette, Ind 401 

Hon. Jas. Guthrie, of Louisville, Ky 409 

Claiborne Polk and Alexander Hamilton Polk, of Indiana 419 

Agnes and Jessie Pringle 433 

Benjamin F. Polk, Princeton, Ind 437 

Gov. John \V. Hall, of Delaware 453 

Dr. Thos. Jefferson Pyle, Wife and Daughter 457 

Gov. Charles Polk, of Delaware 403 

Hon. Albert F. Polk, of Georgetown, Delaware 467 

John W. Hering, of Milford, Delaware 475 

Dr. J. M. Luff, of Felton, Delaware 487 

John P. R. Polk, of Wilmington, Delaware 507 

^•-^Id Ephraim Polk Homestead, on Lain's Run, Scott 

County, Kentucky 523 

Mrs. Alary (Polly) Wolfe 535 

Elizabeth Tyner \Miite, of La Fayette, Indiana 545 

Dr. AI. AI. Adams and Wife, of Greenfield, Indiana 551 

Ellen, Alary, Olive, and Xettie Adams, of Greenfield, 

Indiana ^ 555 

Dr. Jefferson J. Polk, of Perryville, Kentucky 559 

Dr. Wm. Tod Polk, of Perryville, Kentucky 563 

Wm Goddard Polk, of Louisville, Kentucky 569 

Roy Rodgers, 2nd U. S. A 579 

^^'illis W. Polk and Wife 583 

Chas. E. Polk and Wife 595 

Walter B. Alanny and Wife, Ella Tatum Manny 599 

Edw. Hubbert Tatum 603 

Chas. W. Po'lk and Sister Maud, of Pelatuma, California 607 
Mary (Polk) Eouldin and Wm. C. Polk, of Lexington, 

Kentucky 613 

Theodore C. Polk, Jr., Thomas Barlow Polk, James Wil- 
liams, Margaret Williams 619 

John Milton Polk, of Denver Colorado 623 

Mrs. Sarah (Polk) Atkins, of Liberty, Indiana 627 




Jehosephat Polk and A\'ife, Sallie Ann Polk 631 

Marcellus Polk and Wife. Ella Samuell Polk, and Six 

Children 635 

Sarah Ann Deming and Husband, Joseph G. Deming 637 

James E. Polk and Wife, Maggie (Payne) Polk 6il 

^lelissa (Polk) Hubbert and Husband, Edw. S. Hubbert 643 

Jefferson S. Polk and Group 64? 

Jefferson Scott Polk and Wife, Julia (Herndonj Polk 649 

John S. Polk and Wife 653 

George B. Hippee and Wife, Minnie (Polk) Hippee 655 

Mrs. Sallie (Polk) Maish and Husband 657 

Harry Herndon Polk and Wife 661 

Herndon Hall 663 

R. L. Polk, Detroit. ^lichigan 667 

]vlrs. Josephine Polk Cumins 683 

Dr. :^.Iahlon X. Hutchinson and Wife 687 

Governor and United States Senator Trusten Polk, of 

Missouri ; 695 

Portrait of W^ashington 713 

Mrs. Sabra Polk Joynes and Daughter, Mrs. Tabitha 

Joynes Laurence 721 

Col. Otis A\'. Pollock, San Francisco 729 

"A people which takes no pride in the noble achievements of remote ancestors 

uitl never achieve anything worthy to be remembered by remote descendants." 

Lord Macaulay. 


The first efforts toward the compilation of a history of the 
Polk family appear to have been made about 1824 by Colonel 
William Polk, of North Carolina, a grand-son of William 
and -Margaret (Taylor J Polk who went from Pennsylvania to 
Xortli Carolina and settled West of the Yadkin about 1750, or 
earlier, in what was then Anson County, now ^Mecklenburg. 
In the spring of 1821 Colonel Polk, strongly impressed with 
the idea of preserving the family history, opened a corres- 
pondence w'ith General William H. Winder, of Baltimore, a 
kinsman by blood, who had married his cousin Gertrude, 
daughter of Judge William Polk of ?^Iaryland. 

After outlining his purpose to General Winder. Colonel 
Polk informed him of his intention to visit the Xorth that 
year, and during such visit he would see and consult with 
him regarding the matter of the preparation of a history of 
the family. To this proposition General Winder heartily ac- 
ceded, the various members of the family in ]^Iar3dand and 
Delaware also evincing a lively interest in the matter. This 
initial movement, however, was greatly retarded by the death 
of General Winder, which event occurred on ]\Iay 24, 1824, 
in the forty-ninth year of his age. and shortly before Colonel 
Polk's contemplated visit. 

Among those who also took an active and enthusiastic 
interest in the proposed history was Josiah F. Polk. Chief 
Clerk to the Second Auditor of the Treasury, and later Chief 
Clerk of a division of the State Department at Washington. 
Josiah was a native of Somerset County, Maryland, the lo- 
cality in which Robert and Magdalen Polk, the immigrants, 
settled, and he had a large acquaintance with the various 
branches of the family. 

After the death of General Winder in 1824. the members 
of his familv. together with Josiah F. Polk, set about ac- 
cumulating what data they could find, and while so engaged, 
in 1828. c'olonel William Polk, of Raleigh, visited Washing- 
ton and Maryland, where he met and consulted with Josiah 


and others interested in the matter of the family history, 
giving- them such data as he possessed about his particular 
branch after their emigration from near Carlisle. Pa., to North 
Carolina. This work of collecting data was still in progress 
but unfinished at the time James K. Polk w^as elected President 
in 1844. After this event the work was invested with addi- 
tional interest, Bishop Leonidas Polk, of Louisiana, a son of 
Colonel William I'olk. and Col. Win. II. Winder, of Phila- 
delphia, a son of General Win. 11. Winder, taking an active 
part in the accumulation of data, as did, also, the President. 
The original purpose of Colonel William I'^lk and the earlv 
projectors of the enterprise seems to have been a complete 
history of all the branches of the Polk family. As a result 
of their accumulation of data, a Hnely engraved "tree" of the 
descendants of John Polk (eldest son of Robert and Mag- 
dalen), including all the southern Polks, was published in 
] ,s4!). 

Further work in the matter appears to have alntted then, 
so far as the southern Polks were concerned, l)ut Jasiah F. 
Polk and other members of the Mar}-lan(l l)ranch c(jntinued 
for some years longer to gather data. Josiah was the mo.-t 
active of the Maryland branch in the matter of securing data 
for a full history, but after his death the scheme again fell 
into abeyance. 

Shortly before the Civil War Bi.-^liop Polk renewed his 
efforts in the matter, apph'ing for assistance to Colonel W'm 
T. G. Polk, of Princess Anne, Md. The latter, born and resid- 
ing all his life in Somerset County, was peculiarly qualified 
for the duty of assisting Bishop Polk, and set about the accu- 
mulation of facts to send to him. The Civil \\ ar coming on 
shortly after, before Colonel Polk could forward his data to 
the Bis'hop, it was never sent, and was finally lost by the 
burning of Colonel Polk's house, in which the entire contents 
were consumed. Bishop Polk, entering the Confederate army 
at the beginning of the war, rose to the rank of Lieutenant 
General and was killed by a cannon shot at Pine ^Mountain, 
Georgia, June 14, 18G4. 

Nothing more was done in the matter of a family history 
until 1873, when the present writer had occasion to visit 


\\'a>liingtun City on official business. Having- business with 
the Second Auditor of the Post Office Department. Hon. T. 
IJozman Kerr, he called on that gentleman. Upon introduc- 
tion t(j Mr. Kerr, who at one time (lSi9 to iSol ) repre- 
sented the Princess Anne District in Congress, the latter in 
quired: "W'liat branch <,)f the Polk family do you belong to?" 
In reply, the writer stated that all he knew of his family was 
that his grand-father. Ephraim Polk 3d, a native of Sussex 
County, Delaware, served during the Revolutionary War in 
a Philadelphia regiment commanded by Colonel Wm. AMlls. 
That after the war Ephraim 3d went back home, was married 
in 1T9<J, and in the fall of 1793, during Wayne's campaign 
against the Indians, emigrated to Kentucky. 

In reply, Air. Kerr stated that all the Polk's in the United 
States sprang from Robert and !\Iagdalen Polk, who settled 
in Maryland al)i>ut KiGO or a little later; that he knew a great 
numl)er of them, and by writing to Col. Wm. T. G. Polk, of 
Princess Anne, who for many years was Clerk of the Court 
at that place, much interesting history of the famil}' could 
i)c learned. 

Air. Kerr later wrote out and mailed to the writer an in- 
teresting sketch of the Polks of Alarvland, and of the con- 
temporary history of their time, in which it was shown that 
the ancestors of Henry Clay had hrst settled in Somerset 
County, later emigrating to \'irginia. It was also pointed out 
bv Air. Kerr as a striking coincidence that, at that earlv day 
in Somerset County, the Polks were known as a "Democratic" 
and the Clays as a 'A\'hig" family, and further, that at a 
future time, there should contend for the Presidency of the 
United States, two men from these respective Somerset County 

Acting on the suggestion of Air. Kerr, and desirous of 
learning more about the Polk family, the writer opened a 
correspondence with Colonel A\'m. T. G. Polk and other mem- 
bers of the family in Alaryland and Delaware, from whom he 
received much information. To Colonel Wm. T. G. Polk, 
particularly, is he indebted for the greater part of the facts 
herein contained about Robert and Alagdalen Polk and child- 
ren, he being at the fountain head and familiar witli the his- 


tory of the family, not only from personal acquaintance and 
association for years with many of its members, but also l)e- 
cause of his long official charge of the county records. This 
correspondence with Colonel Polk was ke])t up until his death, 
during which he was prompt and indefatigable in assistance 
with valuable data. 

A correspondence was also opened with ]\Irs. Aurelia W. 
Towns-end, of Oyster Bay, Long Island, who furnished mucli 
matter concerning the ]\Iaryland Ijranches, that had Ijeen 
collected by her family, the \\'inders ; with Mrs. Lucy E. Polk, 
of W^arrenton, North Carolina, widow of Col. \\m. H. Polk, 
of Tennessee, brother of James K. Polk; with lion. Horace M. 
Polk, of Bolivar, Tennessee; with Major Allen J. Pt)lk, of 
Helena, Arkansas; with John 1*. R. Polk, of Wilmington, Del.; 
with Daniel Polk, of Denver, Colorado, formerly of Shelljy 
County, Kentucky ; with Judge \\'illiam Polk and Judge Alfred 
Polk, of Texas, and Chas. I. Polk and C. G. Polk, of Memphis, 
Tennessee; with Jas. \'. Polk, Beaumont, Tex., C(j1. Geo. W. 
Polk, of San Antonio, and various other Polks in California, 
Missouri, Illinois, Indiana, and other western states. Many 
of the latter descended from "Charles Polk, the Indian trader," 
\vhose son, Capt. Charles Polk and family, of Frederick 
County. Maryland, descended the ( )hio to Louisville in 1780 
Some of the latter afterwards went to Indiana l^etween isoO 
and 1810 — and were members of the first Constitutional Con- 
x'ention of that State, territorial officers, and Indian fighters 
under Harrison, at Tippecanoe and on other fields. 

To Mrs. \\^m. H. Polk, Hon. Horace M. Polk, and Major 
Allen J. Polk, (since deceased) was the writer indebted for 
much data concerning the southern branch of the family 
Alajor Allen J. Polk, particularly, evinced the deepest interest 
in the family history, and gave great assistance in the prepara- 
tion of data. He was a courtlv, educated, liighlv intelligent 
gentleman, a Chesterfield in manners, and charmed all with 
whom he came in contact. ]\Iuch credit is also due to Col. 
George A\\ Polk, of San Antonio, Texas, for a full and careful 
arrangement of data regarding the southern branch of the 
family. From these various sources, during a period of more 
or less active investigation for thirty-eig'ht years, the writer 


accumulatefl the data fr(jm which he now essays the publica 
tion of a family hi^tory ; a work begun by Colonel William 
Polk and others in l.s-24, renew^ed at different periods, but never 
completed. In so long a time many members of the family 
have passed away, including many valuable sources of infor- 
mation, and in that way much has been lost. Many others 
have come onto the stage of life whose names must be added 
to the family rolls. 

In explanation of his own long delay, or apparent dilatori- 
ness in completing the w'ork begun by him in 18?3, the waiter 
will state that in April, ISTG, he emigrated to the South- 
west, continuing there three years and returning to Kentucky. 
During that period of absence his work on the history rested 
Engaging next in active journalism, wdiich occupied all his 
attention for a period of many years, he had no time to take 
up again the history with a view of finishing it. 

Among those deeply interested in the work, and most 
urgent for its completion was the late Jefferson Scott Polk, 
of Des Moines, Iowa, a Kentuckian by birth and grandson of 
Ephraim Polk 3rd, wdio emigrated from Delaware to Ken- 
tucky in 1T93. Me manifested from the first a deep interest 
in the matter, and when the writer suspended the work for a 
time, he took it up and applied himself to the further collection 
of matter, accumulating much before his death. A lawyer by 
profession, and a man of great business capacity, at his death 
in IDor he was accounted a multi-millionaire. Aided by the 
writer, he endeavored to complete a history of the famdy, 
and among the last requests to his children w^as one to the 
effect that the history be completed. In accordance with that 
wish, the present writer resumed the work and herewith pre- 
sents the result of his labors in that direction at various periods 
between 1ST3 and the present time. That it lacks many names 
that ought to be recorded, is unquestionable. That, however, 
is due to the lack of interest shown by some and the dilaton- 
ness of others in furnishing data asked for. 

Such a history should appeal to the just pride of every 
one descended from Robert and Magdalen Polk. In their de- 
scendants thev have left a memorial of which none need be 
a^hamed; a familv that has given to the country a long list of 


Statesmen, soldiers, and men prominent in all walks of life; 
men who have made their mark and left their impress on their 
dav and ireneration. Of \'irile Scotch-Irish blood, from the 
ancient roof-tree in ^Maryland they have g"one forth into every 
section of the country, in every place taking leading parts in 
the concerns of their fellowmen. Their dominant racial char- 
acteristics have found expression in various ])rominent forms 
of public recognition. Such a book will be a memorial that 
can be handed down to future generations of the family, grow- 
ing more valuable and more highly a])prcciated as time passes. 

Realizing the uncertaint}- of life; doubtful as to wdiether 
any other member of the family might feel inclined to lini.-h 
the work before he. also, is called to join the "great majority ;" 
remembering the inscri])tion " Tevipus edax reruni^''' on the 
face of the old clock brought b}- Robert and Alagdalen from 
Ireland and still ticking off in Maryland the seconds that go 
to make up centuries ; and aware that Time might also con- 
sume him within a short time, the writer has sought to finish 
his task as soon as possible, leaving to those who may come 
after him the correction of any mistakes discovered. He has 
laid the foundation and now commits to future generations 
of the family the work of extending the history on through 
the coming years. 

Lexington. Kentucky. 
November 28. 1912. 



\ffttt Mem J(t.rse^ 

Del «Lvw«,»-«_ 







Whether or not the biblical account oi the origin of man. 
or the scientific claim that he came by progressive evolution 
from a: protoplasm l)e true, can make little difiference to most 
people concerned in the activities of the human family. The 
never ending procession that is constantly coming out of the 
shadows of the Past brings no proof as to where or whence 
it started. They can only say : "We are here," and so with 
reference to present human families. They are here, and l)ut 
few of them know their genesis. Excepting the Jewish ac- 
counts of their origin, as set forth in the Old Testament, the 
human race has kept little record of its lines of descent. Out 
the darkness of the Middle Ages have come accounts of the 
origin and descent of some of the leading characters that have 
shaped the world's events, but little has been handed down 
concerning the family genesis of the greater masses of the 
peoples of various nations. 

The history of the Polk family is traceable back into what 
is called the Dark Ages, when the progress of civilization was 
arrested and obscured for several centuries by a cloud of war 
and destruction, evoked by superstition. From -members of 
the family in Ireland and Scotland, and from official records 
in Maryland, have come down to us the Polk family history, 
beginning in the year 1053, during the reign of Edward the 
Confessor. "Fulbert the Saxon," the first recorded progenitor 
of the family, liad come over to England before Harold was 
overthrown at Hastings by ^^'illiam the Conqueror. Me is 
said to have been Chamberlain to the latter, and one of his 

From British genealogical sources, and from descendants 
of Fulbert in Scotland and Ireland, was derived the pedigree 
down to the emigration of Robert Bruce Polk and family to 
America. From official records of Maryland and Delaware, 


and from family documents, this history of the family has 
Ireen continued down to the present. We thus have presented 
a view of the family history during a period of 858 years, a 
length of retrospect possessed by Ijut few families in America 
Fulbert the Saxon, a native of Normandy, in France was 
an uncle of Heloise, whose love of Abelard, and its finale of 
sorrow constitute one of the most pathetic human stories 
of the Middle Ages. As stated above, he was Chamberlain to 
William the Conqueror. He accompanied him to England 
and was engaged with him in the battle of Hastings (.1066). 
Shortly after he received from William a large grant of land 
in Scotland, which became known later as the Barony of 


A. D. 1073. 

In the reign of King David 1st, the vast feudal barony 
of Pollok, in Renfrewshire, was held by "Fulbert the Saxon," 
a great noljle and "Territorial King," who had come from 
Xormandy, France, to England as Chamberlain of William the 

DIED 1153. 
Fulbert died in 1153, at the beginning of the reign of 
Malcolm 4th, and was succeeded by his son Petrus. 


The son of Fulbert (in 1153) succeeded his father. Petrus 
assumed as a surname, (which at that time only came to be 
used) instead of a patronymic, the name of 'his great hereditary 
lands of Pollok. The Lord Baron Pollok of this feudal king- 
dom, was a man of great eminence in his time, and a bene- 
factor of the Monastery of Paisley, which donation was con- 
firmed l)y Joceline, Bishop of Glasgow, who died A. D. 1190. 
Petrus was "a law unto himself," and equalled the Sovereign 
in wealth, rank and power. He was the ancestor of many 
l.M-avc warriors and Crusade Knights, who joined in the mighty 
struggle of Europe, during the eleventh and twelfth centuries, 
to free the Holy Se])ulchrc from the grasp of the Moslem. 


Petrus de Pollok was greatly distinguished for '"valor in 
arms and prowess in the chase." and his exploits in them were 
the subject of many minstrel lays. His next brother. Helias, 
gave to the same ^Monastery the church of Clears, the next 
parish to eastward. 

Besides the vast estates in Renfrewshire, the chevron of 
which barony is still borne on the shield of arms of the Prince 
of \\'ales. he held the great barony of Rothes, in Aberdeen- 
shire, which he gave to his only daughter. ]\1 auricle, who mar- 
ried the celebrated Sir Xorman de Lesley. Alauricle de Rothes 
Avas the ancestress of the great Earls of Rothes and Lords of 
Lesley. The Sth Earl of Rothes was constituted after the 
Restoration ^Marquis of Ballenbriech, Duke de Rothes, Presi- 
dent of the Council and Lord High Chancellor of Scotland. 

The "State Records" show that many inter-marriages 
have taken place between the Lesleys, Polloks and Royal 

Sir John Pollok Leslie ( Knight i was Receiver General 
to King James 4th, and married a grand-daughter of that 

On the death of Petrus de Pollok, his ancient patrimonial 
estates of Pollok being settled on heirs male, passed to his 
brother Robert de Pollok (1175). and it is noticeable how the 
name of Robert has been handed down from father to son to 
the present generation. 

- Robert 1st was witness in the donation of the Kirks of 
Strathgry and Xinerwick, by AA'alter. founder of the [Mon- 
astery of Paisley in the beginning of the reign of William the 
Lion. He is also witness in several of the Charters of Allen, 
the son of Walter. Robert de Pollok 1st. was succeeded by 
his son Robert 2d. 


Contemporary with Alexander 2d, (A. D. 1214) mortified 
a yearly rent to the same Monastery for the soul of Petrus 
de Pollok. and Robert, son of Fulbert. his father. Alexander 
2d, reigned from 1214 to 1240. Robert 2d was succeeded by 
his son, Thomas. 

4 P O L K F A M I L y A X D K I N S M E N 


Thomas de Pollok was witness to sundry charters of do- 
nation to the Abbey of Paisley (A. D. 1349). He was con- 
temporary with Alexander 2d and Alexander 3d of Scotland. 
Alexander 3d reigned from 12-i9 to 12S6. Thomas was suc- 
ceeded by his son Petrus de Pollok 2d. 


Was one of the persons of rank who. in A. D. 1296, gave 
a forced submission to Edward 1st of England, in the bond 
known as the "Ragman's Roll." He was succeeded by his 
son Robertus. 


i\Iarried Agnes, daughter of Sir John ^laxwell. Lord of 
Caerlaverok, and was succeeded by his son John. 


AA'ho, in A. D. 1372 obtained from his grandfather, the 
said John, Lord Alaxwell, a charter of certain lands, dated 
at Caerlaverok, was succeeded l^y his son Brucii or Brucis dc 

Left a son John de Pollok. 


Is designated in a charter by James 2d of Scotland, of date 
12th December, A. D. 1439, as "Xobilis Sir Johannes de Pol- 
lok, j7/tus et heires Brucii de Pollok." He fought on Queen 
Clary's side at the battle of Langside, for which he was for- 
feited. His son — 


Was killed at the faction fight of Lockerbie (in 1593). 
when assisting his kinsman, Lord ]\Iaxwell. against the Laird 


of John's Stone. From this (A. D. 14o9) famous noble sprang 
the illustrious line of Pollok of that ilk. His successor was — 


Of that ilk. John de Pollok last mentioned had another 
son besides Charles. This other son was — 

ROBERT DE POLLOK. A^.n^ TccmeSlT xei^ 

Who became Sir Robert de Pollok of Ireland, and who ' '^^'• 
received from King James 2d. Tabout 1440) the great land 
grant of "X'etus Scotia," or "Xew Scotland." as Ireland was 
then called. This Sir Robert's eldest son. Sir John, inherited 
the hereditary estates in Old Scotland. Sir Robert's younger 
son. Robert, inherited the estates in Ireland, and became Sir 


Of Ireland, inherited the estates in Ireland and became 
the founder of the family in Ireland (where the name to this 
day is often spelled and pronounced P-o-l-k. as of one syllable, 
hy the nati\'es ) and whose American descendants, the Polks, 
.^till preserve the "lineal memorial" of their noble and knightly 

A. D. 1640. 

In 1(340, Sir Robert of Ireland joined the Scotch Convenan- 
ters whose Commander-in-Chief and Governor of Dunbarton 
Castle was a relation. General Sir Alexander Leslie, one of the 
most famous soldiers of his time. 


In 1646, Sir George Maxwell, of the Xether Pollok. was 
married to Lady Annabella Stuart, lineal descendant of King 
Robert 3d, and their grranddaughter, Annabella, married 
her cousin. Sir Robert Pollok of Lpper Pollok. grand nephew 
of Sir Robert of Ireland, whose nephew, Ezekiel Stuart, mar- 
ried Debora Annerly. 

Sir Robert Pollok was succeeded by his son, Thomas Pol- 
lok. This Sir Robert also had a second son, Robert 
Bruce Pollok. Thomas, eldest son of Sir Robert 2d, succeeded 
to the Irish estates located in Donegal County, and not far 
from Londonderry. I 



Robert Bruce Pollok, secund son of Sir Robert 2d of Ire- 
land, was a Captain in Col. i'orter's Regiment, which served 
under Cromwell. I'orter married ^Magdalen Tasker, youngest 
of the two children of Col. Tasker, a distinguished Chancelhjr 
of Ireland, whose seat was "Castle Hill," near the \-illage of 
pjaliindrate, commanding a view of the river Dale. "Aloneen," 
r> another estate belonging to Col. Tasker, lying in the parish 
■^ of Liftord, near Strabane, on the river Foyle, consisted of 
^ six hundred acres. These he divided between his two children, 
'^ Barbara Keys, wife of Capt. John Keys, and Magdalen. Mag- 
dalen hrst married Col. Porter, whu died not long afterward. 
Col. Porter died without issue by Magdalen and she next mar- 
ried Robert Bruce Polk (Pollok), a Captain in his regiment 
and an intimate friend, it is said. 

Magdalen was related to the Countess of ^fornington. 
and her sister Prudence, aunts to the Duke of AA'ellington. 
^ -*• Capt. Robert Bruce Polk died (1703-4:) as shown by his 
Avill of date May 6, 109!), probated June •"), 1703-4, on record 
^^ at Annapolis, Anne Arundel County, Aid. 

Before the American Revolution a double record was kept 
^V- ' of all wills, one in the county of residence of decedents, and 
another in the office of the "Chief Commissary" (Clerk) of 
the Colony, at its capital. The will of Magdalen, dated 172G 
is of record in Somerset County, Maryland, Init not that of 
her husband, Capt. Robert Bruce Polk. Why the latter does 
not also appear on the records of Somerset County, is not cer- 
tainly known. To this absence (the document of record at 
Annapolis having only been discovered within a few years 
past) was no doul)t due the long pre\-alent opinion that Capt. 
Robt. Bruce Polk did not accompany his family to America. 
'■^^ but died in Ireland. Later and fuller investigation cleared up 
this doubtful point by the disco^'ery of his will on file at An- 
napolis, and of land grants to him from Pnrd Baltimore (the 
' ,.> first, of which was "Polk's Folly,"') and other documents. 


It is indisputable now, in the light of these modern dis- 
coveries, that Capt. Robert Ijruce Polk came with his family 
to ^Maryland, near about KiT 2 ; that they landed from a ship 
at "Damn Quarter"" (now called Dame"s Quarter) and planted 
their new home in that locality, Ijetween Manokin and Xan- 
ticoke rivers, and near the junction of those streams with 
Chesapeake Bay. Here they occupied adjoining tracts of land 
for which they later acquired patents from Lord Baltimore. 
Just how many children Robert and Magdalen had when they 
came to America is not certainly known. Evidently a portion 
of them, the first five, were Ijorn in Ireland. According to latest 
records, their children were 'Joh"- '^^'illiam, 'Ephraim 
'James, "Robert, "David, 'Jo'^eph. Alartha, and "Anne. 
That they had a son David was not known until Capt. Robert's 
will was found a few years ago on file at Annapolis, wherein 
he is mentioned. Judging from various circumstances, Joseph 
was the youngest son. 


Barbara, the eldest daughter of Col. Tasker, married Capt. 
John Keys, who was also an ofBcer in Col. Porter's regiment 
and an intimate friend of Capt. Pollok. Some of Barbara's 
descendants still own a part of the ancestral estates formerly 
called •"Moneen Hall"" and •'Brudnifield Castle."' The old 
laiilding of the latter falling into decay, a new one called 
"Castle Keys"" was erected l)y Lieutenant Tasker Keys, about 
1780. and hence the change of name to the latter designation. 
Old Broomfield was among the most interesting seats in 
Ireland, according to a statement to the writer by a gentleman 
who was born and reared near it. Capt. John Keys and wife 
went with the British army to India, where he accumulated 
a large fortune. On their return to Ireland they again occu 
pied their ancestral estates, and later Barbara purchased from 
Joseph Polk, of ^laryland. ^Iagdalen"s youngest son, and 
devisee, the estate of 'Aloneen "" near Strabane. 

Magdalen Tasker. it is ^aid. was of French descent, and 
inherited from her father the estate of '•:\Ioneen ?Iall." incor- 
rectly written 'Alorning Hall'" in ^ome of the old papers oi 


record in [Maryland, the difference in name evidently caused 
by careless entries on the part of court clerks and scribes exe- 
cuting official papers. This estate is described in ^Magdalen's 
will as "lying in the Kingdom of Ireland, in the Barony of 
Raphoe, the County of Donegal and the Parish of Lift'ord." 

During the years l<s7-i to 187?, while the writer was active- 
ly engaged in the collection of data for this history of the Polk 
family, he wrote to the post-master at Strabane, who gave him 
the names of distant kinsmen in that neighborhood. These 
were also written to for information concerning the family. 
In reply he received answers frcjm several Irish kinsmen 
by the names of Pollok, Polk and Keys. He also wrote to 
Scotland receiving in reply a letter' from Andrew Pollok. 
proprietor of the ancient Scottish homestead. Under date 
of "Moorhouse," Eaglesham, Scotland, 13th Alarch, 1876, xA.n- 
drew Pollok, wrote: "T am a cousin of the author of "The 
Course of Time," who was l:)orn on the farm I now occupy, 
and which has been traditionally possessed by our family for 
five hundred years. 

I have also looked o\'er Crawford's History of Renfrew- 
shire, in which a detailed account of the family of Pollok of 
that ilk is given, tracing it back to the beginning of the l'3th 
Century, but after all this I have not been able to find any 
mention of how the Boar was slain, which gave rise to the 
Pollok Crest." 

The fact is indisputable howe\'cr. from authentic records 
derived from both Ireland and Scotland, that Sir John de 
Pollok, owner of the estates of Pollok, in Scotland, a part of 
which Andrew Pollok occupied at the time he wrote, had a 
son Charles, who inherited the Scotch estates under the then 
existing English law of primogeniture. Also, that Robert de 
Pollok, a younger brother of Charles, received (about 1440) 
from James 2d. a large grant in Ireland of lands forfeited or 
escheated to the Crown by reason of the warlike acts of the 
Irish under their various leaders. And this Sir Rol)ert of 
Ireland had a son. Sir Robert de Pollok 2d, who became the 
founder of the family in Ireland and had sons Thomas and 
Robert Bruce Pollok, the latter being the emigrant to ]Mary- 
land (luring the proprietorship of Lord Baltimore. 



A very interesting letter concering the family, was of 
date Oct. IT, 1877, to the author, from John Keys, sixth in 
descent from Captain John Keys and Barbara Tasker. In 
this letter, Mr. Keys says: "J\Iy father requests me to answer 
yuur very welcome letter, he gi\-ing me all the information 
he could. I am sorry I did not get your letter before my grand- 
father, John Keys, died. He was an interesting old fellow 
and knew a great length back. He was over in your country 
twice and knew how to enjoy himself. I often think of the 
tales he used to tell me al)0ut his father. Lieutenant Tasker 

I am not able to give you much information about Col- 
onel Tasker. He was a Chancellor of Ireland and a man much 
renowned for wealth and honour. His word of command was 
"Death or Liberty." He distinguished himself in many ways 
— ^command, horsemanship, valour. He always rode a white 
horse, and died after the "Derry Spree." His life was well 
spent. Then he had just the two daug'hters, Barbara and 
jNIagdalen. It is said they were very good songsters, having 
good voices. 

Barbara, the eldest got married to Captain John Keys, 
who was under Colonel Tasker. She had only one of a family 
and that was a son Tasker, after her own name, which exists 
in our family since. ]\Iagdalen. the younger, was married to 
Colonel Porter. He died some time before the "Derry Spree." 
Then s'he ran oft' Avith one Polk, who was a companion or 
friend to Colonel Porter. The Porters were a strong connec- 
tion in this country at that time. It appears that the Porters 
threatened Polk, and she having no family to Col. Porter, his 
family obtained most of the property in the estate of "Moneen." 
There is only one of that family alive. He is now out in your 
country. He was over here last fall and gained a great law- 
suit, which will help him. He claims veneration to our family. 

10 P O L K F A M I L y .1 A' D K INS M E N 

There is only one Pollok connected with our family at 
present. He is married to a first cousin of father's; but there 
are several others at a distance that 1 know. They are all 
Presb}'terians. The Keys are all Protestants. There are none 
of the old books with marriages and births of that far back 
to be found. They were all ])urned. I can only furnish you 
with dates five generations back, from what my grandmother 
tells me. T will go as near as I can to the others. I mean 
the two first : 


1 — Capt. John Keys, born abcnit 1041); died about 1725. 

2 — Tasker Keys (son of John) l)orn about IGS?; died 
about 17o-3. 

.■] — ^^'illiam Keys (son of Tasker) born 1T12; died 1793. 

■4 — Lieutenant Tasker Keys (son of William) born 1745; 
died 1840. 

5 — John Keys, (son of Lieut. Tasker) born 179(»; died 

6 — Tasker Keys, (son of John) born 1827; alive yet. 

7 — John Keys, (son of Tasker) born 1853; alive yet. 

Lieutenant Tasker Keys was married to Jane Riddle, 
sister to Judge Riddle, wdio died out in your country. Lieu- 
tenant Tasker had one brother, Dr. Roger Kevs, who died in 
India, and great legacies came home. He sent for two of his 
brothers' daugiiters. as there were four of them. Lieutenant 
Tasker being their father. 

As soon as they arrived the Doctor held a party of of^cers 
of the army. They were asked to sing and sang "Erin-go-bra." 
So they got married at once, one to Capt. Alunroe and the 
other to Capt. Taylor. The remaining two married also, one 
to Attorney Keys, of Enniskillen ; the other to a ]\Ir. Snell, 
a merchant. The two latter are alive yet. 

Lieutenant Tasker Keys was Grand Master of the Or- 
angemen here in that society. He squandered and mortgaged 
all the property, which left a knot unloosed ever since. He 
came through several battles, the most remarkable being on 
Berry Hill, in County Tyrone, between the Protestants and the 
Catholics. He put them to flight after a long fight. He rode 



a King- William and fell oil and broke a leg. It grew crooked, 
and when he saw that he went directly to the cow-house, put 
it behind a stake, and broke it over again. He said he wouldn't 
walk on a bandy leg. So it grew straight. Lieutenant Tasker 
was a great man for building. He built two fine houses. One 
of them is the largest castle in our parish, called Broomfield 
Castle. People at a distance call it Castle Keys. 

John Keys, the only son. was married to Martha Rodgers. 
who is still alive. When tliey were in the church, about to i^e 
married, his father. Lieutenant Tasker, not satisfied with the 
match, entered the church with a good stick and dispersed 
the wedding party in dilTerent directions. The Rector got 
out of a window and did not appear until the following Sun- 
day. The bride's brother being Curate of the same church 
married them the next day. From them are: Robert, Tasker, 
Roger. Jane and Margaret. Robert is married to Anne Atchi- 
son; they have two boys and two girls. The eldest boy 
Robert, is Dispensary Doctor of this parish. Catherine is 
married to Dr. J. ALatthews. Thomas and Sarah Anne are 
the remaining two. Tasker, my father, married Jane Weir. 
a very strong connection in this parish. I am the eldest, 
John; then co/me Maggie, James, Tasker. Minnie, ^^lartha. 
Rebecca. Roger. Roger Keys is a doctor in Philadelphia. He 
has been married twice. Pie has six of a family, four sons 
and two daughters. Margaret and Jane are in Xew York City, 
^largaret is a widow ; her husband's name was Hannaman. 
She has no family. Jane is single. 

I forgot to mention that Lieutenant Tasker was married 
secondly to Honoria Keys, no family by her. She died in 
1867. I took a tour to Du])lin Castle to see if I could find 
anything worth mentioning", but all the old books were de- 

The foregoing letter is a little lengthy, but is here given 
in extenso in order to show who were the descendants of 
Barbara, the only sister of [Mag^dalen Polk. From the recital 
regarding Lieutenant Tasker Keys, it appears that he was 
somewhat of a "wild Irishman." irascible, impetuous, fearless 
and obstinate ; qualities wdiich eminently fitted him to lead 
in battle, or to head a procession of Orangemen. 

12 P O L K F A M I L y AND KIN S M E N 

Another letter to the author, dated Broomfield, Sept. 1, 
1877, from Tasker Keys, says: "Hugh McMenamin, post- 
master of the Lifford office, gave me a letter from you dated 
June 11, 1875, asking him for information al)out "Moneen." 
My name is Tasker Keys, son of John Crayton Keys, and 
grandson to Lieutenant Tasker Keys, who was a great grand- 
son of Capt. John Keys, whose wife was daughter to Colonel 
Tasker and sister to Magdalen, who married Colonel Porter, 
and next a Mr. Pollock. 

I do not know anything about that family, but w^nild like 
to know from you. There is none of them in this vicinity. I 
am the only member of the old stock in this neighborhood 
now. "M'oneen" is an estate which is in the parish of Lifford. 
It was divided between those whom I have mentioned (Bar- 
bara and ]\Iagdalen), and I hold part of it yet. All the old 
dwellings are down. The house Colonel Tasker lived in is 
near a little village called Ballindrate. The name of his resi- 
dence was "Castle Hill," commanding a view of the river 
Dale. From him I hold that renowned name, Tasker. 
"Aloneen" in size is about GOO Cunning'ham acres. 

I am sorry to say they all lived too fast. For instance, 
my grandfather, Lieutenant Tasker Keys, was grandmaster 
of the Orangemen. He mortgaged the property and married 
secondly, and bound her a jointure that was a heavy yoke on 
our family. I have eight of a family, four boys and four 
girls. The two eldest boys intend to visit your country 
shortly, as I have a great numl)er of friends out there." 



When Ciil. Tasker, of Donegal County, Ireland, died, he 
was possessed of two fine estates lying near the river Foyle, 
above Londonderry — "Broomfield Castle" and "Moneen Hall."' 
The first was a famous estate, and, according to a statement 
to the writer by one who was born near it, had on it "one 
of the finest old castles in Ireland." At his death Col. Tasker 
devised Bloomfield to his eldest daughter Barbara and 
Aloneen to ^lagdalen. they being his only two children it is 

As stated b}- one of the Keys family to the author in lS7i. 
"jMoneen embraced six hundred Cunningham acres," with a 
fine mansion on it. It lay close to the little village of Strabane, 
with the postmaster of which place, Hugh ^LAIenamin, the 
author also corresponded in 1874, and from whom he derived 
interesting facts regarding Col. Tasker's two estates. 

At the same time, by reason of information derived from 
Postmaster ]^kAIenamin. the author opened correspondence 
with some of the Pollocks and Keys still resident in Donegal 
and retaining parts of the old estates. From them he also 
derived much interesting data respecting the family before 
Robert and ]\Iagdalen emigrated to Maryland and founded 
the Polk family of America. 

In their correspondence with this writer, some of the 
Keys and Pollocks, who still retained portions of the estates 
named, told of the ups and downs of their ancestors. One of 
these. Lieutenant Tasker Keys, Grand blaster of the Orange- 
men of Ireland, crippled by the fall of his horse at the 
battle of Berry Hill, entered the church wdiere his daughter 
was about to be married to a man whom he did not approve, 
and with a stick compelled the parson who was about to per- 
form the ceremony to jump out a window. The Lieutenant, 
the writer said, also "bound a heavy jointure on the estate.' 
in favor of his wife, which greatly crippled the finances of the 
family. The correspondent also stated that "they all lived too 

14 P O L K F A M I L y A N D KINS M E N 

fast, losing- most of their property." This was particularly 
true of the Keys branch, descended from Capt. John Keys of 
the British Army, a distinguished officer of the service in India, 
who married Barbara, the eldest daughter of Col. Tasker, and 
sister of Magdalen Polk, wife of Ca])t. Robert Bruce Polk. 

The long established tradition in the Polk family is, that 
after the death of Magdalen Polk in 1727, leaving her estate 
of "!Moneen" in Ireland, to her youngest son Joseph, the 
latter returned to that country, sold the property to his 
Aunt Barbara Keys, and came back to America. How long- 
Joseph remained in Ireland, we know not. Possibly ten or 
twelve years. According to Col. AVm. T. G. Polk, his name 
did not appear on the records of Somerset County for some 
years after the probate of his mother's will in 1727. 

Joseph was doubtless married to Miss Wright, daughter 
of Thomas A\"riglit of Somerset, some years before his mother's 
death, and had children by her. Born about IGSl, he would 
have been about 46 years old at the time his mother died. 
It is quite likely that his wife and all the children by her 
accompanied him to Ireland and continued for some years at 
"Moneen" before the "emigration fever" again attacked him. 
His reappearance in Maryland was al)Out 1739-40, for the 
Dorchester records show that on Jan 21st of the latter year 
John Handy, of Somerset County, deeded to Joseph Pollock of 
the same County, planter, 300 acres of land called "Little 
Goshen," in Dorchester County. To this purchase Joseph 
undoubtedly moved and there died in 1751, aged al)out seven- 
ty years. 

On Xov. 9, 1742, Joseph Pollock asked the Court to ap- 
point processioners to re-establish or mark the bounds of 
"Little Goshen," which was done. Joseph's will is dated 
Sept. 12. 1751, and was probated June loth, 1752, so he must 
have died a short time l)efore the document was put to record 
in Dorchester. In his will he mentions his children as Robert. 
Zephaniah. James and Ann. He also requests that Robert 
"dwell with his 'mother-in-law' (stepmother?) till he arrives 
at the age of IS years, or till the day of her marriage." 

This indicates that Robert was by a former wife, and 
possibly also Ann, whom he calls his "eldest daughter." 


James he calls his "youngest son," evidently by his second 
wife. Ann born about lT-ii)-41, may also have been the eldest 
child by his second wife. 


There is documentary evidence that one John Polke the 
son of Robert and Alagdalen, was here in KiSd, the same year 
that Hotten's Register records the presence of "■James 
Poke" and family at St. Michaels, Barbadoes. 

In a letter to the writer, of date October 81, IcSTl, Col. 
\\m. T. G. Polk says: 

'"Since I last wrote to you 1 have discovered an entry 
where John Polke entered the ear marks of his cattle tu l)e 
recorded, on the 8th of September. KiSO. This is the earliest 
record I can find relating- t(j the Polks. 

I aeree with vou that Robert, Sr., was a stern old Covenan- 
ter and that he instilled his principles and religion into his 
children, Robert alone excepted, who looks, from reading the 
records, like he was somewhat ohstreperous. William, my 
ancestor, has transmitted his Presbyterian principles to his 
posteritv to this day. Every male of his line, so far as I know, 
without an exception uf his numerous posterity, has either 
been a member of that church or manifested a preference for 
it. Some of the females marrying into other denominations, 
have gone with their husl)ands ; but quite as many have car- 
ried their husbands with them. I can count seven who have 
been, or now are, ruling- elders. Five of them, my grandfather 
and one of his brothers, my great grandfather, myself and 
one of my brothers, in a church that was fully organized, as 
appears by authentic records, in 1T05, and tradition says it 
was organized twenty or twenty-hve years before that time by 
Reverend Frances McKeemie. Another one in the old Reho- 
both Presbyterian church, also organized by McKeen-iie in this 
neighborhood, which I have heard Dr. Robert J. lireckinridge 
say he believed to be the oldest Presbyterian church on this 

I have exalmined the Register's office and can Inid no 
will of a Polk that will be of special use to you beyond the 
two vou have, those of ^Magdalen and James. The others all 


relate to William and his posterity. There can be no doubt 
that Joanna was the last wife of John Polk, Sr., and that she 
survived him. I have shown that Jo'hn was dead before March 
in, ITOS. Among the proceedings of the court begun and 
held on the 11th of August, 1TU8, it is recorded that "the 
widow Polke brought into Court a servant" to he adjudged 
of his age, etc. And the Clerk of that date, in making his 
index, calls her "Joanna Polke." Here we have the widow 
Joanna Polk transacting business in Court after John's death; 
and this fixes the point unless it can ])e shown that there was 
another person called the widow Joanna Polk about the time 
of John's death. 

I know nothing personally about that branch grown'ng 
out of Daniel Polk, who was born in 11.5(1. They were in 
Delaware. It seems to me that some of those letters that were 
destroyed, said something about Senator John M. Clayton, 
of Delaware being related to the Polks. 

John Polk, son of Robert and ]\Iagdalen, died between 
October 8, 1707, and March 10, 1708, for on the former day 
he executed a deed to Alexander Hall, and "Joanna his now 
wife" joined witli him ; on the latter date his brother William 
was applying to be a]:)pointed guardian to his children. \\'il- 
liam, John's son. died connparatively young, for he was a 
minor needing a guardian in 1708, and eighteen years after- 
ward "Priscilla Polk, executrix of AA'illiam Polk," was pros- 
ecuting a suit to recover a debt, viz. in n^G, and so he must 
have died before he was thirty-eight; probably before he was 
thirty-five. His wall is not recorded here; why, it is hard to 

William, the immigrant, my ancestor, died about January, 
1740, aged about 79. His will is on record here. James, as 
you know by his will, died about the beginning of 1727. As 
John must have been at least twenty-one in 1680, my an- 
cestor William and his brother Ephraim over twenty-one in 
1687, the immigrants at the time of James' death must have 
been between sixty and seventy years. 

Ephraim died before 1739, for in that year Charles Polk, 
his son, seems to have closed out his real estate in this county^ 
making three deeds on the IGth of October of that year, be 


sides several others on other days. He conveyed to John 
Laws "Long Delay" and "Golden Quarter," and he and Pa- 
tience, his wife, executed a deed to Joseph Polk, in which he 
recites the grant to Ephraim Polk for "Clonmell." And then, 
to shi)W that he had a full right to convey, says he is "the son 
and lawful heir of said Ephraim." He doubtless sold out and 
lemoved to Sussex county, Delaware about IT-tO, and was 
the father of your great grandfather Ephraim 2d, for his name 
disappears from the record after that date. 

Rol^ert and Joseph. I cannot find out what became of 

After this letter was written by Col. Polk it was dis- 
covered that Robert, Jr., the immigrant, did leave male issue 
— David, Thomas. Daniel, William and Robert, the latter 
comjmanding the privateers "Black Jake" and "Montgomery," 
in the Revolution, and l:)eing killed in action. \\'illiam. an- 
other one of his sons, was the father of Trusten Laws Polk, 
whose son, \Vm. Xutter Polk, was father of Governor Trusten 
Polk of Missouri. Robert also had five daughters. Joseph 
probably settled in Delaware before he acquired any real es 
tate here, and purchased there. Robert, Jr's., children may 
Lave been daughters and the property have gone into other 
names. Continuing Col. Polk says : 

"I find the spelling of the name has been both ways down 
to the beginning of the present century. ^Izny of the deeds 
are written Pollock, and signed Polk, and vice versa. 3.1any 
years ago I saw a Scotchman who said he knew persons of 
the name in his native land. The name on places of business 
would generally be spelled "Pollock," but would invariably 
be pronounced "Polk." 

Col. James Polk's brother Josiah had two sons, William 
and John, but they removed with their mother, after their 
father's death, to the western part of this State. I do not 
know whether they are alive. If they are, they are now old 
men, for they were both boys with me. Col. James Polk has a 
son James, another named Lucius and a third wdiose name 
I do not now^ recollect. They reside in Baltimore. Their 
father gathered up a good deal of information relative to 
the familv, I know, for I talked with him about it." 

13 P O L K F A M I L y A N D K 1 N S M B N 



The question of what year Rol^ert Bruce Polk and family 
reached America has often Ijeen discussed, but it has never 
been definitely settled. That it was some time l)et\veen 1GT2 
and l()8i> admits of no doubt. According" tn josiah F. Polk, 
"there is documentary proof that some of the Polks were in 
Maryland as early as 1672." Robert Bruce Polk did not, 
however, according- to the records of the Maryland Land 
Ofifice, receive a grant of land until Marcli. IGST. Why he did 
not, and by what sort of title he held his place of abode fi;)r 
fifteen years before he was accorded a grant, does n(jt appear. 

One tradition handed down in the family is that they 
"came shortly after the siege of Londonderry." This cannot 
be correct, for that event did not take place until 1{)89, two 
years after Robert was granted "Polk's Folly" and "Polk's 
Lott," as appears by the Land (3ffice list of grants. 

Charles 2d died on February G, 1GS,"3 and was succeeded 
by James 2d. The latter proved to be a most arbitrary and 
unpopular monarch, both at home and in the l>ritish col- 
onies. By his direction unjust taxes were imposed on his 
sul)jects, and to escape his persecutions large numbers of 
them emigrated to America. Seeking to reduce the colonies 
to direct dependence on the Crown, James cancelled the 
Charter of ^^lassachusetts and ignored that of Maryland 
granted to Lord Baltimore. During the first year of his reign 
a great number of Scotch, Irish and English emigrated lo 
the American colonies. Over a thousand prisoners taken in 
Monmouth's Rebellion were sent to Virginia to be indentured 
as servants for years, but the latter design was not carried 
cut and in this way Virginia received many useful citizens. 
The reign of James, however, was a brief one; in Deceml)er, 
1688, he was cojmpelled to abdicate. 

During the reign of Charles 2d, the predecessor of James, 
the American colonies received their greatest accessions of 
population. Thousands who had become weary of Charles' 


oppressions turned their faces to the Xew World, hoping- 
that by going Ijeyond the Atlantic they could find some re- 
spite from the exactions of kingly power. This desire for emi- 
gration was rendered still stronger bv the excessively arbi- 
trar\- course of James during liis short reign. Hence it was 
that, from KidO to 1G<S9 — during the reigns of these two mon- 
c:rchs — the American colonies received tremendous accessions 
of the l)est and most virile blood of the British Kingdom. 

In addition to voluntary emigrants who arrived during 
that period, there were also sent to the colonies, by the gov- 
ernment, large numbers of political rebels ; also serving men 
to be sold for a term of years, apprentices, and single women. 
The better class of emigrants, beside the political rel)els, was 
composed of persons of qualit}-. freeholders and religious ex- 
iles. This stream of settlers continued to flow to American 
Colonies steadily from l()()i) to ITiMi. 


A very great number of those who emigrated, possibly 
the majority, came by the "Southern Route" to the AA'est In- 
dies, touching at the Barbadoes. where many landed and re- 
mained for a numl)er of years before coming on to the col- 
onies. A careful and exact record was kept by the British 
officials of each per^^on on the ship, the name of the vessel, 
where embarked, deaths. l.Mrths. etc. In Hotten's highly in- 
teresting- book "Our Early Emigrant Ancestors," published 
at Xew York in 1880, is given a list of emigrants who arrived 
in the American Colonies between the years 1600 and ITOO 
A great number of these, particularly during the reign of 
Charles 2d and Jaimes, came to St. ^ylichaels, in the Barbadoes, 
and from thence to the Atlantic Colonies. 

On page 440 of Hotten"s collection, following the caption 
"A list of the inhabitants in and about the town of St. ^lich- 
aels. Barbadoes, Anno Domini, l(i8(i, with their children, hired 
servants, prentices, bought servants and negroes," is a lengthy 
list of names of persons residing there, many, doubtless, mak 
ing- it only a temporary abode. 


In this list of residents "in and alxnit St. ^lichaels."" ap- 
pears the entry "James Poke and wife, (i children, 2 hired ser- 
vants, and apprentices, 1 bought servant and 4 slaves." 

Here we find the name of Ptjlk written "Poke," at an 
unlooked for place in America, l)nt on the direct line of travel 
and the commonly used one at that time. Assuming that this 
James married at the age of "il : allowing 13 years for the 
birth of his six children ; then deducting these 34 vears from 
1681), when he was at vSt. ^Michaels, it would i:)Ut the date of 
his birth at about KJdG. or near about the time of the reputed 
date of the ])irth of Robert Uruce Polk, as estimated by the 
Keys familv in Ireland. 

There is no discovered record to show when James Poke 
left l!ar])adoes, or that he e\'er did sd ; but the presumption 
IS strong that he remained there l)Ut a iew years, if that long, 
and then camie on to ^Maryland. The strung inference that 
vSt. ^Michaels was his abode but a short time, and that he came 
on and settled in Somerset county, Maryland, is borne out by 
documentary proof in the shape of a will of one James Polk, 
of record at Princess Amie. This will is dated November 8, 
1726, and was probated Alay 11, 1727, on testimony of John 
Pollett and Mary Pollett, witnesses to the instrument. In this 
will James mentions ele\en children, four boys and seven 
girls, and one yet unburn. 

The will of Magdalen Polk, dated April 7, 172G, was pro- 
bated March 2l>, 1727, and witnessed by David Polk, W'm. 
Pollett and Magdalen Pollett. I)Oth wills, therefore, were 
made and probated in the same years — 1720 and 1727. 

According to the records, Robert and Magdalen Polk had 
two daug'hters, Martha and Anne. Anne married Thos. Pol- 
lett and had issue A\"illiam, Magdalen, John, Mary, and others. 
Some of these persons appear as witnesses to both wills, and 
this establishes the fact that ^Magdalen Polk and James Polk 
were nearly related, but how near? Was he a brother, or a 
son, of Robert Bruce Polk? If the latter, he must have been 
an elder son, coming first to Barbadoes, remaining there for a 
short period, and thence to ^Maryland to join the other mem- 
bers of his familv. A clause in the will of James Polk of 
ScJmerset has suggested to some a doubt that he was a son 


of Robert and ]\Iagdalen, but the weight of evidence is to 
the ettect that he was. Robert Bruce Polk may have been 
born earlier than the Keys family estimated it. James' will, ex- 
ecuted and probated in the same years that I\lagdalen's will 
was (1726-1727) has as witnesses to it several persons who 
testified to hers. He also mentioned in it his "Cousin Charles" 
(Polk), the son and heir-at-law of Ephraim 1st. and his "Cousin 
Edward Roberts." htisband of Xancy. daughter of John and 
Joanna Polk. 

The exact time of Robert and ]\Iagdalen Polks arrival in 
America is of minor importance, in view of the fact that it has 
been so nearly approximated by creditable evidence. It is of 
record that John was in [Maryland in 1680; that James was 
at St. [Michaels. I5arbadoes, in the same year: and it is l)ut 
reasonal:)le to assume that Robert and Magdalen were also 
here at the same time, and had arrived several years before, 
or about the period when Scotland and Ireland, under Charles 
2d. were torn with dissensions by the tyrannical conduct of 
Lauderdale and the Duke of Yt-rk. Though prelacy had been 
abolished and the Presbyterian form of worship established 
soon after the Reformation, yet an exact compliance with the 
Episcopal forms was now enforced with such vigorous and 
severe penalties that the people rose in arms and put to death 
one of the principal bishops. English soldiers were dispersed 
over the country, and power was given to all commissioned 
officers to compel every one they met to take a prescribed 
oath; and instantly to shoot any person that refused. It was 
just about this period of religious tyranny and oppression 
that Robert and [Magdalen Polk came to Maryland to find 
an asylum from trouble and oppression in their native land. 

22 P P L K F A M I L Y A N D K I N S M E N 


"The Anglicanism which in England had a meaning," 
says Froude, "In Ireland was never more than an exotic ; and 
until the new comers in the Xorth of Ireland had introduced 
another spirit, the church of Ireland had existed only to give 
point to the sarcasm of the Catholics." Even Irish Episcopacy 
had taken a certain Puritan and Evangelical tinge from its 
Presbyterian neighbor, which created a strong antipathy to 
everything that savored of sacerdotalism. 

After the death of Cromwell and the accession (jf Cliarles 
II in 1()()0, there began a long period of difficulty and danger. 
Vindictive measures were at once instituted by Charles 
against all those wdio had been leading actors in the drama 
that brought the head of his father. Charles I, to the block 
Many of the "Regicides," as were termed tho^^e who had been 
active in bringing about the death of Charles I, in <jrder to 
escape the wrath of his son, fled to foreign parts, many com- 
mg to America and changing their names in order to conceal 
their indentity. The new parliament of 1661 consisted mostly 
of high churchmen and royalists. It restored ancient oppres- 
sive laws and instituted efficient measures to prevent even 
the smallest degree of toleration to all who refused conform- 
ance with the liturgy of the court. This state of unrest con- 
tinued throughout the reign of Charles II, and in 167!) drove 
the people of Scotland into rebellion. 




It was during- this period, in the middle of the reign of 
Charles 11. that Capt. Robert Bruce Polk and his family de- 
cided to emigrate to America in order to obtain immunity 
from further persecution at hume, and the entire companv 
which came in the ship with them consisted of persons who 
w^ere coming- to the Xew World for like reasons — the exercise 
of civil and religious liberty. Such an asylum they found on 
the "Eastern Shore"" of ^Maryland, l}ing- between Chesapeake 
Bay and the Atlantic, and in the Colony of Lord Baltimore, 
who. though himself a Catholic, was a man of the most gen- 
erous impulses and lil)eral ^'iews. His colony was rapidly 
settled by not only emig-rants from abroad, but it also became 
an asylum for those who were driven out of Xew England 
by Puritan persecutions, and from \'irginia by the t}"rannical 
measures and impositions of the Established Church against 
all dissenters. ^lany ministers were thrown into jail for 
preaching- the Gospel. 

This sketch of the conditions and transactions that ob- 
tained, especially in Ireland, between the settlement of Clster 
from Scotland and the middle of the reign of Charles II, is 
here gix'en in order that the reader may have some conception 
of the reasons which induced Robert Bruce Polk and his 
family to emigrate to America. Here they planted their rouf- 
tree ; and here they found that which they sought — cWil and 
religious freedom. 

As early as HiiiS we hear of a Presbyterian minister from 
Ireland at work in Maryland, but the name of this avant 
courier of that faith is lost. In 1G8.3. a few years after the com- 
ing of Robert Bruce Polk and family. Rev. Francis Mackeemie 
arrived from Countv Donegal, Ireland — the same locality from 
which came the Polks — and proceeded to plant the first group 
of Presbyterian churches in America, locating them at several 


points on the Eastern Shore. In one of this group Robert 
Bruce Polk and family deposited their membership, and for 
225 years, almost without interruption, numerous individuals 
of the family have been members and some of them ruling 


Under date of August 24, 1875, Col. Wm. T. G. Polk con- 
tinues his interesting narrative regarding the family as fol- 
lows : 

"Taking Princess Anne as the center, a radius of eighteen 
miles would describe a circle in which would be included four 
or five Presbyterian churches which the records of our county 
clearlv show were fully organized before 1705. The general 
impression is they were planted in the decade between 16S0 
and lOUii, and within a few years of each other l^y Reverend 
Francis McKeemie. Of this family of churches Dr. Robert 
J. Breckinridge thought Rehoboth was first planted, but it was 
long before conceded by general consent. The one at this 
place is called "Alanokin Church," from the stream on which 
it stands. 

It is not probable that Robert and ]\Iagdalen worshipped 
at Rehoboth, for it is fifteen miles east of this place, and Pid- 
geon House neighborhood is fifteen or eighteen miles west. 
So they would be thirty odd miles distant, which would have 
made it inconvenient for them to attend. There is no certam 
evidence, documentary or traditional, that will show they were 
members of any church, that I know of. But the presumption 
is violent that they were meml)ers of the ^lanokin church and 
worshipped at this place. 

In the first place, the old Bible which was destroyed in 
my brother's house about thirty years ago, which tradition 
says was brought by them from Ireland, and was used ])y them 
then, and which was hid by them during the persecution that 
prevailed from the Restoration to the Revolution, in a hollow 
tree, bore the marks of being wet frequently. This would 
indicate that they were of a religious turn of mind. And. be- 
sides, this turn seems to have been impressed upon their chil- 
dren. The records of the Manokin church are lost before 

P U LK F .-:i M I LY A A' D K I X S M E N 25 

n46, but in that 3-ear James Polk appears as a ruling elder in 
the church and continued a prominent and active one to the 
end of his life. A few years after James" son William appears 
as a ruling elder, and contemporary with him William's 
Cousin Benjamin; and about the same time Gilliss, the brother 
of Judge Polk ; and so on down to this generation. I have 
never known a Polk descended from A\'illiam and remaining 
in this County, except one, but who was a decided Presby- 
terian. Hence, I infer that Robert Polk and his wife, ^lag- 
dalen were not only Presbyterians and members of the Mano- 
kin Church, but that they were very decided and have in- 
stilled that form of religious faith to the remotest genera- 
tion, so far as their son William was concerned. 

I have no doubt that if the records of the Manokin 
church could be found, they would appear as active in pro- 
moting the interest of the church from its planting to 1744, 
as they have been from 1744 to 1875. There has been scarce- 
ly a time in those I'^U years that the family has not furnished 
one or more ruling elders to this church. 

There is nothing strange in the fact that Covenanters 
should settle in Lord Baltimore's Colony. Although he was 
a strict Catholic himself, he was a very liberal man toward 
the religious views of others. He passed laws protecting all 
denominations, in consequence of which the Western Pen- 
insula of this state was settled almost entirely by Romanists, 
and it is still the prevailing creed. This Eastern Peninsula 
was settled entirely by Protestants and that creed still pre- 
vails to such an extent that I do not believe there is a Catho- 
lic family in the county, and probably not more than one 
dozen of individuals chat hold to that faith. There is no 
church or chapel in it. and I believe never has been. 


I supposed I had lost sight of Charles, son of Ephraim, 
but I found a deed executed by Charles in 1764. I examined 
it and found it was for several tracts, among them "Locust 
Hammock," granted to John in 1(585. and given by John's will 
to William Kent "of the Territories of Pennsylvania" (or Dela- 
ware) and conveyed by Kent to Ephraim Pnlk in 171'!. All 

26 P O LK F A M I LY A N D K I N S M E N 

this was recited in the will ; and it was further recited that 
Charles was "the son and heir-at-law of Ephraim." Now. 
in his deed of 1739, he is described as of Somerset County; 
but in 176i — twenty-hve years later — he is described as of 
Worcester County, Maryland. It is a fact that in 1739 Wor- 
cester County was a part of Somerset, but in 171: "3 a strip of 
Somerset bordering on the Atlantic Coast, and abutting the 
southern boundary of Delaware, was erected into a new- 
county called Worcester, after the Earl of Worcester. From 
this southern boundary of Delaware to Georgetown, in Sus- 
sex, is only fifteen miles ; so that Charles might have resided 
in Worcester County, Maryland and yet settle his brother 
Ephraim, your great grandfather, near Georgetown in Sussex 
County and near himself. I think this settles the point very 
clearly that Charles is the lost link in your lineage, and James' 
"Cousin Charles," mentioned in his will. The governoi of 
that name must ha\e l^een a much younger man. 

I thought that Charles miglit have left a will in Wor- 
cester, so I wrote to Snow Hill, the county seat, inquiring for 
it. He seems to have left no will, or anything by which we can 
determine what became of him. There is an administration 
on one James Polk in that crninty in 177."j. by Sarah Polk his 
administratrix, l)Ut there does not appear to he any distri- 
bution, or anvthing l^y which we could ascertain the name of 
his family. 

( )ne of the deeds of Charles in 1739 was to Joseph Polk 
In 1748 Joseph Polk conveys this land, together with "Polk's 
Folly," 100 acres, and "Pally Hack," to Wm. and John 
Shores, and he recites that "Polk's Folly" and "Bally Hack'' 
were granted to Robert Polk. 

This "Polk's Folly" remained in the I'olk family until 
174:8, sixty-one years, when it was sold to A\'m. and John 
Shores ; and it no (loul)t remained with the Shores' one hun- 
dred and twenty years. For when Mr. Dashiell and I bought 
it in 1868, we purchased of the Trustee to sell the real estate 
of Thomas Shores. In 1739 Joseph was of Somerset County, 
but in 1748 he was of Dorchester. The latter county lies along 
the north 1)ank of the Xanticoke, and is very accessible to 
Dame's Ouarter bv water, which was in those earlv davs the 



principal highway. What became of Joseph afterwards, I 
know not. He may have gone to Pennsylvania and been the 
father of the John Polk of Carlisle, a copy of whose will of 
October 2:. 1TT2. you sent to me; or to Delaware, and have 
l;)een the father of Daniel, about whom you have been inquir- 
ing. So far as I can learn, there is not one of the name in 
Dorchester, and not one in Worcester, except three young 
men who went there within the last ten years from this coun- 
ty. Although the Polks acquired very large quantities of 
land on both sides of the Xanticoke. there is not one of the 
name left, so far as I can learn, and although they acquired 
thousands of acres of land in Dame's Quarter, there is not one, 
and has not been one. of the name in the old stamping ground 
for more than fiftv years, nearer than I. and I am about eis:h- 
teen miles distant. Such are the mutations of this life. 

That A\'illiam Polk, son of Robert and ^lagdalen. was 
mixed up with the Owens' in lousiness transactions, the re- 
cords clearly show, for he purchased the old homestead of 
Wm. and John Shores. That William's wife's name was 
Anne, (or Xancy ) the records also show. 

]\Ir. Winder gives you the names of my father's brothers 
correctly, so far as they go. viz; Dr. John, of Laurel, Dela- 
ware; Josiah and Samuel, but he leaves out James, who mar- 
ried and had a family ; and William, who died a yovmg man 
Detsy and Xancy married two Ilarcums and w'ent to Xorth- 
umberland Coitnty. Virginia, to reside. 

\\ illiam's tribe has stuck to the old manor ground better 
than any of the others. There are many wills here, l)Ut they 
all relate to his descendants, except the two you have, those 
of ^Magdalen and James. It seems to me from reading the 
records here that Robert, Sr., and Robert Jr.. John. \\'illiam 
and Ephraim. the immigrants. lived and died in this county. 
If James, whose will you ha\'e. was not one of the immigrants, 
I cannot tell what became of him. The sons of the maker 
of the will which yuu have, removed to Dorchester, sold their 
lands here, and I know not what became of them. There are 
none of them now in Dorchester. Joseph, no doubt, followed 
the X'^anticoke into Delaware and settled there, as he does nor 
appear to have acquired any land in this county." 




At this remote date it is not ascertainable how many of 
Roljert and Alagdalen's children were born in Ireland, and 
how many in America. That most of them, came to America 
with their parents, seems certain. John must have been of 
age in order to register the ear-marks of his cattle in 16SU. 
James, of Barbadoes. had six children at the same date, which 
would evidently put the date of his birth as far Ijack as IT-l-O, 
and that of John's Ijirth near the same time. This would al- 
low thirty-four years for the l)irth of the nine children of 
Robert and Magdalen, and sustains the assumption that most 
of them were ])orn in Ireland. 

Until the discovery of Robert Bruce Polk's will a few 
years ago, in the Colonial Land Office at Annapolis, it was 
believed that the children of the immigrants numbered Init 
eight, viz: 'John, 'William, 'Ephraim, 'James, 'Robert; 
"Joseph, 'Martha, and 'Anne; and it was also assumed that 
they were born in this order, for which assumption there is 
no positive proof. 

The text of Robert Polk's will shows that he had another 
son, by the name of David, though there is notliing to indicate 
his numerical position in the line of births. The order in 
which Rol:)ert, vSr., mentions them in his will is: 'Robert, 
T)avid, 'Martha, 'Joseph, "James, "Ephraim, 'John and AVilliam. 
Anne, supposedly the youngest child, is not mentioned at all. 
\\'hy, ifdoes not appear. That she was born after her father's 
death, is not liklv, for ]\Iagdalen must have been over sixtv 
years of age at his demise. The omission of Anne's name 
from the list of his devisees may have been because she was 
dead before he executed his will. It is possible, but not cer- 
tain, that Robert Bruce Polk, in his will, mentioned his chil- 
dren in their proper numerical order, Robert coming first, 
David next, Joseph fourth, and John and William last. But 


we shall accept them in the old order so long recognized by 
members of the family, beginning with John as the eldest 
son, ending with Joseph as the youngest. 


John Polk, eldest son of Capt. Robert Bruce Polk and 
Magdalen (Tasker) Porter, was born in Donegal county; 
Ireland, about 16G"?, or the beginning of the Restoration under 
Charles 2d. 

According to the Polk tree compiled by Col. W. H 
\\'inder, Josiah F. Polk. Bishop Polk and others, in 1849. 
John Polk, Sr., had two wives, the first Joanna Knox, and the 
second, Jugurtha Hugg, a Swedish girl. r)Ut the record 
of old Monie Presbyterian Church, in Somerset, where births 
and deaths are recorded, gives John's first wife as Jane 

( ?) and she was the mother of his three children, 

William. Anne and John, the latter dying a week after his 
birth and his mother the day before him. After Jane's death 
(Oct. 28, 1700) John married Joanna Knox, said to have l)een 
a sister of Xancy (Knox) Owens, wife of John's brother. 
William Polk. Sr.. of Somerset. 

William and Ann ( Xancy) grew to maturity and married. 
John Polk died, as collateral records show, in ITdT. leaving 
his second wife. Joanna (Knox) Polk, a widow. Xot long 
after John's demise his grief stricken widow, it appears, as 
most young widows are prone to do. assuaged her sorrow by 
taking as a second husband. Thomas Hugg. a widower, by 
whom she had issue. John's daughter Ann (generally called 
Xancy), married her cousin Edward Roberts, and in her mar- 
riage the Polk name ceased, being contmued to posterity m 
his branch by her brother William. The descendants of the 
latter, however, are not near so numerous as those of \\ illiam 
Polk. Sr.. Ephraim and 'others. 

After the death of John, his brother William applied in 
1708 to the Somerset court and asked to be appointed guardian 
of William and Xancy. stating in his petition that before death 
his brother John had requested him and his wife to take 
care of his children and see that they were properly brought 
up, and to give them a Christian education. He also asked 


that the portion of these children coming from their father's 
estate in "moveables." personal property, be delivered to 
him, which was done. In a deed from William Kent, (or 
Cent) and wife to Ephraim Polk, for a tract of land that had 
belonged to John, "Locust Hammock," lying on the east side 
of Chesapeake Bay and South of the Wicomico, in Damn 
Quarter Neck, it is recited that John's will bore date of De- 
cember 20, 1702, by which he devised "Locust Hammock" and 
other lands to William Kent, (or Cent) wdio lived in "St. 
John's County, in the Territories of Pennsylvania" afterwards 
Delaware. These lands were later transferred bv Ephraim 
to John's children, A\'illiam and Xancy, after they had reached 
their majority. John's will is not of record in Somerset 
County, and this recital is the only evidence of it to he found. 
From these facts it appears that John Polk, dying in 1707. 
at rather an early age, and probably anticipating that his wife 
Joanna might marry again, transferred by will his land.- in 
trust to William Kent, most likely a kinsman. By Kent they 
were transferred to Ephraim Polk, and by the latter back to 
the heirs of John, after they became of legal age. The per- 
sonal property of the children, as shown by AA'illiam's peti- 
tion to court in 1708, was placed in his charge and bv him 
applied to their use and benefit. 

The reasons that moved John to transfer his real estate 
through William Kent to Ephraim, and to request that his 
brother William receive and use the personal property for the 
benefit of his children, does not now appear, and is only infer- 
ential. But this the records show he did ; and it is fair to assume 
that the motive influencing him was that his widow might 
marry again, and her second husband might dissipate the prop- 
erty if an opportunity presented. Such precautions are not un- 
usual even at the present day. 

The deed from William Kent to Ephraim Polk (for lands 
devised to him by John in 1702) is dated November 2, 1716. 
Joseph Polk was witness to power of attorney and made affi- 
davit to same on November 20th following. It is likely that 
William, the son and heir-at-law of John, came of age about 
this latter date, and that lie and his sister Anne (Xancv) 
then receixed their respective portions of their father's estate. 


Anne, sister of William, married Edward Roberts, of Somer- 
set County, and William married Edward's sister, Priscilla 
Roberts. The descendants of Edward and Xancy have not 
been traced. 

William I'olk, who appears by Kent's transfer to Ephraim 
in Xovember 1716, to have attained his majority about that 
time died in Maryland in 1726. His widow Priscilla next 
married Robert Clarkson, of Somerset County, and by him had 

A very large number of emigrants from Maryland and 
the other colonies settled in the vicinity of Carlisle. Pa., about 
1750, and also, in subsequent years, and the town soon be 
came a center of frontier trade and a point of distribution. 
C)ther members of the Polk family also settled there; among 
them John Polk, who died there in 1772, leaving a life estate 
in his property to his "aged mother Margaret Polk, now re- 
siding on the Eastern Shore of A'irginia." To Carlisle also 
came Wm. Polk, a son of A\'m. Polk, Sr., son of Robert and 



In a letter to W. H. Polk. Lexington, Ky., of date October 
31, 1874, Col. \A'm. T. G. Polk, of Princess Anne, Md.. who was 
for many years Clerk of the Orphan's Court of Somerset Coun- 
ty, in which court was recorded the legal transactions of 
Robert and Magdalen Polk and their children says: 

■"Since I last wrote you I have discovered an entry where 
John Polk entered the ear-marks of his cattle to be recorded 
on the Sth of September 168(i." 

"There can be no doubt that Joanna was the last wife 
of John Sr.. and that she survived him. I have shown that 
John was dead before 10th of :\larch. 1708. And among the 
proceedings of the Court begun and held on the 11th August 
1708. it is recorded that "the widow Polke brought into Court 
a servant.' to be adjudged of his age, etc. And the clerk of 
that date, in making his index, calls her 'Joanna Polke.' " 

"Here we have the widow Joanna Polke transacting busi- 
ness in Court after John's death, and it fixes this point, unless 
it can be shown that there was another person named widow 


Joanna Polke, about the time of John's death." 

Exhaustive investigation of the records of that Court 
since Col. Wm. T. G. Polk penned the above, has failed to dis 
cover any other Joanna Polk than the widow of John, and these 
investigations have proven that she was his second wife and 
evidently not the mother of his children William and Xancy, 
who were, on June 9, 170S, committed by the Court, at John's 
dying request, to the care, custody and guardianship of his 
brother William Polk and wife, to be reared and educated by 

This request of John, on the application of his brother 
A\'illiam, the Court granted, without protest from Joanna. No 
objection on her part is of record. Had she been their mother, 
it would have ])een natural for her to have entered objection 
to a separation from the children. 

Order cf the Court. 

June 9, ITd.s. Petition of Wm. Polke and 
Order of Court, etc., appointing him Guardian of 
W^m. and Anne Polke, children of John Polke, 
To the Worshipfull ye Justices of Somerset County now 
in Court sitting Wm. Polk humbly sheweth That whereas 
your petitioners Brother Jno. Polke late of this County, 
Dec'd left two children behind him towit Wm. & Anne Polke 
wch u])on his death bed he requested of your petitioner & wife 
to take care of them to see them educated and brought up 
Christian like &: alsoe to bring up ye boy to learn a trade wch 
your petitioner humbly craves yt we may have ye two chil- 
dren ordered unto him \)r }'Our worships and he shall be will- 
ing to doe by them as his Brother John Polke requested (S: 
what your W^orships shall in yiiur Prudence & discretion think 
fitt to be done (Reasonabl}' ) fm- ye r)rphans and your peti- 
tioner as in dut}' l)ound shall ever pray. 

William Polke. 

The petition being read & considered by ye Court have 
ordered yt ye two children A\'m. (R: Anne Polke be delivered 
to sd A\^m. Polk their uncle with all yt ijelongs to them yt is 
to say their parts of ye portion left them by their dead fathei 


Ji)hn Polk as moveables & yt ye sd \\m Polke give good se- 
curity to preserve ye same for ye use of ye sd William ^: 
Anne Polk orphans and to learn ye sd W'm Polke a Trade and 
to read & W'ritte // at wch day came Wm. Polke & James 
Polke & entered into recog: each in ye sum of tenn poundi 
sterling to be levied on their goods and chatties Lands & Ten- 
nements for ye use of ye Orphans Wm. & Anne Polk // the 
condition of wch recog: is such yt if A\'m fV>lk uncle to ye 
vSd Orphans Wm Sz Anne Polke shall doe his best endevor to 
preserve what parts is delivered to him of their portions left 
by their deceased father till of agge & then to return ye same 
with their increase if any eK; doe take care to learn ye sd William 
Polke a Trade &: to read lK: writte and doe allow ye sd A\'m & 
Anne Polke all necessarvs convenient till thev shall be of ag-o-e 
then this recognizance to be null and void otherwise to be 
and remain in full powxr force and verture in ye Law taken ir 
oppen cort. 

Continuing. Col. Wm. T. G. Polk says: "John died be- 
tween Oct. 8, 1707 and March 1708. for on the former day he 
executed a deed to Alexander Hall, and "Joanna his now wife." 
joined with him; on the latter date his iM'other A\'illiam was 
 applying to be appointed guardian to his children. 

William. John's son. died comparatively young, for he 
was a minor needing a guardian in 1708 ; and eighteen years 
afterward "Priscilla Polke. executrix of William Polke." was 
prosecuting a suit to recover a debt, viz : in 1730. and so he 
must have died before he was 38. probably before he was 35. 
His will is not recorded here in this County; why it is hard 
to say." 


Careful examination of the Somerset County records by 
Earle B. Polk, present Assistant Deputy Clerk, and others, 
confirms the statement that John Polk died about 1707-8. 
leaving a -widow Joanna Polk, and that his children, William 
and Xancy were placed by Court under guardianship of his 
(John's) brother, William Polk. Sr., without protest from 
Joanna. That his son William grew to manhood, married 
Priscilla Roberts, and died in 1726 ; and that the latter's widow, 


Priscilla, next married Robert Clarkson, by whom she had 

Hence, John Polk and Joanna, and William and Priscilla, 
as shown on the Polk "Tree" compiled by Col. Wm. H 
Winder, Josia'h F. Polk and others in 1S49, were not the pro- 
genitors of the Southern or North Carolina l^ranch of the fam- 
ily. The error made was doubtless due to insufficient exami- 
nation of the Court records of Somerset and other counties. 

The \\'illiam Polk who was ancestor of the North Caro- 
lina branch, and who went there from Carlisle, Pa., about 1750, 
and "died west of the Yadkin," as stated by old Mrs. Smart 
in a letter to Bishop Polk, was the son of another son of 
Robert and Alagdalen. 

The weight of evidence indicates that the William Polk 
who married Margaret Taylor, was a son of Wm. Polk, Sr., 
second son of the immigrants, Capt. Robert Bruce and Mag- 
dalen Polk. It is said that Wm. Polk Sr., was twice married. 
first to Nancy (Knox) Owens, and second to a widow Grey, 
who had a son Allen Grey. Both wives died before W^m. Sr., 
executed his will in Jan. 1T39-40, as in that he mentions the 
"decease of my wife," and makes a bequest to Allen Grey, a 
member of his family, who was, inferentially, 'his stepson. 

The much discussed question of how many children John 
Polk had, wdio was their mother, and when they were born, 
has been conclusively settled by Mr. Earle B. Polk, of Princess 
Anne, Md., who made an examination of the records of old 
]\Ionie Church, in Dame's Quarter, Somerset County, the 
neighborhood of John's residence. 

From this church record Mr. Polk copied and transmitted 
to the author the following: 

(From the Records of Old Monie Church.) 

\\'illiam Polk, son of John Polk, born of Jane, 11 July, 1695. 
Ann Polk, daughter of John Polk, born of Jane, 27 Jan- 
uary, 1698. 

John Polk, son of John Polk, born of Jane, 32 Oct., 1700 
and died 29 Oct. inst. 

Jane Polk, the wife of John Polk, died 28 Oct., 1700. 
This record shows that John Polk and his wife Jane, had 


three children ])orn to them, \\'illiam, Ann and John, the latter 
dying a week after l)irth, and his mother the day before he 
died. This old church record puts to rout a flood of asser- 
tions and deductions that have attached to this question since 
1849, during earnest efforts by various members of the family 
to arrive at the truth as to John, his wife, and his children. 



James Polk, fourth son of Capt. Rol^ert Bruce Polk (or 
Pollock) and hi.s wife Mag'dalen Tasker (Porter) Polk, was 
born about Ki^^i, near about the time his parents came to 
America, and he died ui 1727, as his will (jf that year indicates. 
He grew to manhood on the farm in Somerset County, Md., 
and in due course of time, about 17<Mi, fell a victim to cupid's 
wiles and married Mary Williams, said to have been a sister 
to Elizal)eth Williams, who married his brother Ephraim 

Judging from the list named in his will, James" children 
appear to have been one of the principal crops that he raised 
on his plantation. He acquired by grants from Lord Balti- 
more several tracts of land in Dame's Quarter, Somerset 
County, adjoining or close to the lands located and patented 
by his father and brothers. He appears to have been by 
trade a ship carpenter, or builder, and no doubt found occu- 
pation in ])uilding small vessels like those in use at that day. 
Most of the sons of the early Presbyterian immigrants into 
America at that time had been taught, or were ])ut to some 
useful trade. 


The record of land grants on file in the Land Office at 
Annapolis, A'laryland, to members of the Polk family, com- 
mence with the grant of "Locust Hammock," 12.5 acres, and 
"Front of Locust Hammock," to John Polk, June 1, l(i<S5. 

The next grant was to Robert Bruce Polk, John's father 
for "Polk's Folly," 1(10 acres, and "Polk's Lott," .50 acres, on 
March 7, 1087. Both of these grants to Robert Bruce Polk 
are described as "Lving in Somerset County, on the north 
side of Maudkin River, near the head nf Broad Creek." On this 
record Robert's name is written Polke. 


The next grant was on Xov. 8. 1700. to Roljert Polk, Jr.-, 
for "Bally Hack," 2U0 acres [Marsh ground, lying in Somer- 
set county, and on Sept. 20, following, Ephraim Polk received 
an adjoining tract. •■Clonmell." 100 acres. Both these two 
tracts lay between Manokin liranch and Pidgeon House or 
Little Creek." 

The first entry by James Polk, fourth son of Capt. Robert 
Bruce Polk, was of "James' ^^leadow." 21)0 acres. June 1. 1705, 
and described as "lying in Somerset County, in Dame's 
Quarter, X. E.. of AMlliams' Creek. Two adjoining tracts, 
"Chance" and "Poak's Chance," of 200 acres each, were granted 
to Ephraim l^llk, in 1T15. 

Two other grants are also of record in the name of James, 
viz : 

"Feb. 27, 1728, to James Polke, "Green Pasture," 200 
acres, West side of an island, Dame's Quarter, Somerset 

"X'ov. 23, 1730 White Oak Swamp. Kii) acres, north side 
Alanokin River, Somerset County, to James Pollock." 

These three tracts, aggregating 500 acres, are all the 
lands shown by the Land Office records to have been granted 
by Lord Baltimore to James Polk, fourth son of Robert and 

In those days there seems to have been much delay in 
the issue of patents to land claimants. ]\Iany immigrants 
came in and marked out and claimed tracts, for which they 
did not receive patents until years later. Robert Bruce Polk 
settled on and occupied a tract for which he did not receive 
a patent until twelve or fifteen years later. 

The first patent to James Polk, as above recited, was for 
"James Meadow." June 1. 170.5. The next two were issued 
m 1728 and 173n. The will of James Polk, on record in 
Somerset County is dated Xov. 8. 1726 and was probated 
]\Iav 11, 1727. Therefore he must have died early in the latter 
year. Hence the grants of "Green Pasture" and "White Oak 
Swamp" were not issued out of the Land Office until after 
James' decease, to his wife and children, who likely completed 
the purchase price on same. 


JMagdalen Polk's will is dated April 7, 172(3, and was pro- 
bated March So, 1727. The will of James Polk is dated Nov 
b, 1726 and it was probated ]\Iay 11, 1727. So ]\Iagdalen and 
her son James executed their wills in the same year, and both 
died the following year, 1727. Though dying when a little 
over fifty years of age, James left a family of eleven children 
and a twelfth one was born to his wife after his death, for 
which he also made provision in his will. An official copy 
of James' will, secured by the writer from the Somerset 
County Clerk's office, reads as follows: 


In the name of God Amen the Eight day of November 
in the year Anndm 172G I, James Polk of Somerset County in 
the Province of Maryland, Ship Carpenter, being very Sick 
and weak of body, but of perfect mind and memciry thanks be 
given therefor unto God. therefore calling to mind the mor- 
tality of the l)ody and knowing that it is appointed once for all 
men to die, I do make and ordain this my last Will and Testa- 
ment that is to say principally and first of all I recommend m,y 
soul to the hands of Almighty God, that gave it, and for my 
Body I recommend it to the Earth, to be buried in a Christian- 
like (S: descent manner, at the discretion of my Executors, 
nothing doubting but at the resurrection the same to receive 
again, by the might power of God, & for such worldly estate as 
it hath pleased God to bless men in this life, I give, devise & 
dispose of in the following manner and form. 

Item — I give to my son David my now dwelling planta- 
tion to him and his heirs fore\'er. 

Item — I gi\-e unto my son Uavid the one half of all that 
Land & Marsh that I haxe on Pidgeon House. 

Item — I give unto my sons John & James the other half 
of the aforesaid Land & Marsh on Pidgeon house. Likewise 
I have a AX'arrant for one hundred acres of Land and one 
hundred acres of Land which mv Cousin Charles is to make 
over, both which Land and wan-ant I give and l)equeath to 
my son David one half o'f Ixith Land »S: warrant, and tlie other 
half I give to my sons John tS: James, to them and to their 
heirs forever. 


Likewise I have two hundred acres of Alarsh Lying on 
Samuel Jones Island, One hundred acres thereof I give and 
bequeath unto my Son Henry and the other Hundred acres 
of the aforesaid >\Iarsh I give and bequeath unto my Cousin 
Edward Roberts, and to his heirs forever on the provision my 
Cousin Edward do deliver up the Bond that I past to him. 

Item — I gi^'e unto my sons Henry & John &: James all 
that Land I purchased of Thomas Layfold likewise all that 
Land I purchest of Richard Taton, both Tracts of Land lying 
on the head of Mintocrakinanock called John's Xeck. to them 
mv sons and their heirs forever, to l)e equally divided among 
them, and Likewise I give and bequeath my sons Henry, John 
& James all that parcel and Track of Land lying on or near 
the black walnut Landing at ye mouth of ye Xorwest fork 
to them and their heirs forever, to be equally divided among 

Item — I give and bequeath unto my daughters Mary & 
Sary & Margaret & Elizabeth &: Magdalen & Jane & Anna ten 
pounds to each of them. Likewise I give and bequeath unto 
the Child my wife is now with ten pounds if please God it 
lives. And Likewise I will that my well beloved wife may 
have full Privilege of my dwelling plantation and Marshes 
during the time of her widowhood. And likewise I leave my 
sons David. Henry &: John to be my Executors in full and do 
hereby utterly disannul all other wills or Testaments and Le • 
gaceys by me in anywise l^efore this time named, ratifying 
and allowing and confirming this and no other to be my last 
Will and Testament, in witness whereof I have hereunto set 
my hand and seal the day & year first above written. 
Signed sealed and delivered James Polk (Seal) 

in the presents of us. 
William Polk. John Pollet. Mary Pollet. 

:\Iay ye 11th IT-.n. Then came John Pollett & Mary I'ollett. 
subscribing evidences to ye within Will, who made oath upon 
ye Holy Evangelist of Almighty God that they see ye within 
named James Polk the Testator sign and seal ye within instru- 
ment as his last will & Testament and that they heard him 
publish and declare ye same to be c^ that at ye time of his so 


doing he was of sound disposing" mind & memory, to ye best of 
their knowledge. 

Sworn before me ye day & year above written. 

John Tnnstall, Depty Com'y of Somst 
County, per Geo. Plater Reg'r. 
Examined : Tes. Esme Bayly, Reg. W. S. Co. 

The W'm. P'olk who witnessed the foregoing will was most 
likely James' l^rother, who was the second son of Rol^ert and 
Magdalen. The other witnesses — John and Mary Pollett, 
were no doubt James' nephew and niece, children of his sister 
Martha Polk, who married Thomas Pollitt. A number of 
people by the latter name still live in Somerset County, but 
sre untraced. It is said that Thomas Pollitt lived to l)e quite 
an old man and that he was well acquainted with the family 
history of the Polks. Like the Polks, the Pollitts emigrated 
to other Colonies and States, both before and after the Revo- 
lution, and quite a numl^er of that name are to be found in 
the ^fiddle AA'est, to which s*) many ^Maryland and Delaware 
people came in the early days of its settlement. 

It will be noticed that James in his will does not give his 
wife's name, an omission observable in nearly all the old wills 
of that time. Josiah F. Polk, born and reared in Somerset, and 
the most active collector of data for the Polk Tree, in 1848-9, 
stated that James and Ephraim Polk married sisters named 
Williams, and later investigations show that James' wife was 
Mary \A'illiams. and that Ephraim's was Elizabeth AA'illiams. 
At that day it was a very frequent occurrence for several 
brothers of a family to marry sisters of another family. 

Woven in with the numerous facts collected during the 
compiliation of the Polk family Tree of 18-1:9, were also many 
eirors, and a large part of the work performed by this writer 
has been to discover and eliminate these errors that crept into 
the family record. 

Of the history of James Polk's children, little has been 
obtained. David appears to have l^een the oldest, born about 
1700 and died 1773. His will is dated Feb. 21, 1773 and was 
probated March 11, the following month. The fact that he 
received from his father the home plantation, would indicate 
that he was the eldest son. In his will David does not men- 
tion any wife and presumably she was then dead. 

POLK F A M I L Y A X D K I X S M 77 .V 




The will of David Polk, eldest son of James Polk, of re- 
cord in Durchester County. ]\Id.. is as follows: 

IX THE NAME OF GOD A^IEX E David Pollock of 
Dorchester Countv and Province of Marvland. beino- sick and 
weak of body but of sound and perfect mind and memory, 
blessed be God for the same, do pul)lish this my last will and 
Testament in manner and form fi)llowing'. that is to say. 

Imprimis. I give and devise to my grandson David Pol- 
lock the dwelling plantatiiin where I now live and all lands 
laying and being on the East side of the Great Road from 
Cratchett's Ferry to the head of said county, and all the lands 
joining of said dwelling plantation; also twenty acres of 
land lying on the A\'estmost side of said road and parilile wdth 
said road, being part of a tract of land called "David's Hope," 
to him the said David Pollock during his natural life, and after 
his decease to his lawful heirs and so on from heir to heir 
while there may be an heir found lawfully born. 

Item. I give and bequeath to my said grandson David 
Pollock one negro hoy called !\Iingo to him and his heirs for- 
ever. Farther it is my will and desire that my grandson 
David Pollock shall have my great or large looking glass also 
one mahogany desk, also two mahogane tables, to him and his 
heir forever. 

Item. I give and devise to my grandson William Pollock 
all the remainder of my lands that lays on the A\'est side of 
the above mentioned road, and the rest of the lands joining the 
quarter plantation, during his natural life, and after his de- 
cease to his lawful heirs, and so on from heir to heir while 
there may be one found lawfully born. 

Item. I give and bequeath my daughter-in-law, Priscila 
Pollock, all the lands and plantation where she now dwells on 


during- her natural life, and after her decease to my grand- 
dausiiter Esther Pollock and her heirs forever. 

Item. My will and desire is that if my two grandsons 
David Pollock and William Pollock should l)oth die having 
no lawful heirs, then it is my will and desire the lands de- 
vised to my grandson David Pollock shall be the right and 
property of my granddaughter Esther Pollock, and her heirs 

Item. ^ly will and desire is that the lands devised to the 
above mentioned William Pollock, him having no lawful heir 
as above mentioned, shall be the right and property of my 
four daughters, viz: Elizabeth Rol)erts. and ^lary Duett, 
Love Collins and Emelia Laws, to them and their heirs for- 

Item. I orive and devise unto Elizabeth Roberts one tract 
of land laying and being in Somerset County called and known 
by the name of Green Pasture, to her and her heirs forever. 

Item. I give and devise unto Mary Duett one tract or 
parcel of land laying- and being in Worcester County called 
and known by the name of '"Crowney's Folly," to her and her 
heirs forever. 

Item. Aly will and desire is all the negroes by me given 
to each of my several daughters before or after their marriage 
shall descend to their heirs forever. 

And lastly as to all the rest, residue and remainder of my 
personal estate, goods and chettels of wdiat kind or nature 
soever, I give and bequeath to my l)eloved children, to be 
equally divided amongst them. And farther it is my will and 
desire that my daughter-in-law Priscila Polk shall have the 
tuition of mv two grandchildren, viz: William Pollock and 
Esther Pollock, and said Priscila Pollock shall have the l)ene- 
fits fr(»m their and each of their estates, l)oth real and person- 
al, until of age to receive their and each of their estates either 
real or personal. 

And further it is my will and desire that John Collins 
of Andrew Collins, and Alexander Laws shall and is hereby 
appointed sole Executors of this my last \\\\\ and Testament, 
hereby revoking all former Wills by me heretofore made, and 


in Witness whereof I have hereunto set my hand and seal 
this 21st day of February ITTo. 

David Pollock (Seal). 

Signed sealed published and declared by the above named 
David Pollock to be his last Will and Testament in presence 
of us who have hereunto suljscril^ed our names as witnesses, 
in the presence of the testator. 

Robert Mitchell. 

Le\'in Fallon, 

Lucilla Polk. 

At the foot of the foregoing Will was thus written, viz: 
Dorchester County, Set: On the 11th day of Alarch, Anno 
Domini ITTo John Collins and Alexander Laws of Worcester 
County made oath on the Holy Evangels of Almightv God 
that the aforegoing Instrument of Writing is the true and 
only Will and Testament of David Pollock late of Dorchester 
Cciunty. deceased, that hath come to their hands or possession, 
and that they do not know nor ever heard of any other A\'ill 
made since l)y the said Testator. 
Certified per Jno. Goldsborough, 

Dy Com'sy Dor. Co. 

Dorchester County Set: ( )n the 11th day of Alarch Anno 
Domini 1TT3, Robert [Mitchell and Levin Fallen, two of the 
subscribing witnesses to the aforegoing Will, duly and sol- 
emnly sworn on the Holy Evangels of Almighty God, depose 
and said that they saw the Testator David Pollock sign the 
aforegoing Will and heard him jniblish and declare the same 
to be his last AWll and Testament. That at the time of his 
so doing he was to the best of their apprehension of sound 
and disposing mind and memory, and that they, together with 
Lucilla Polk the other subscril^ing witness to the aforegoing 
Will. sul:)scribed their respective names as witnesses thereto 
in the presence of the Testator and at his request. 

Certified per Jno. Goldsborough, 

Dy Com'sy Dorch. County. 

The foresroing will shows that David Pollock (Polk) was 
a man of enterprise and had accumulated quite a large prop- 
erty in lands and slaves before his death. lie mentions four 
daughters— Elizabeth Roberts, [Mary Duett, Love Collins and 


Emelia Laws, but no sons. Had there been a son, there is 
little doubt that he would have received the bulk of the prop- 
erty left to the two grandsons, David and William. The 
name of the son who was the husband of Priscilla Pollock 
(David's "daughter-in-law"; is not knowai. Prohably he was 
then dead and she a widow. The tract of land called "David's 
Hope," lying in Dorchester County, was granted to David 
Pollock Nov. 11, 1742. His daughter Elizaljeth had evidently 
married a cousin, one of the sons of Ann Polk and Francis 
Roberts, and he was also dead, it appears, and Elizabeth a 
widow. As to his daughters Mary Duett, Love Collins and 
Emelia Laws, it will be noted that John Collins and Alexander 
Laws appear as witnesses to the will. Xo doubt they were 
the husbands of Love and Amelia. As to who Lucilla Polk, 
one of the witnesses to will was, the instrument alTords no 
clue. Possibly an aunt or near kinsman. Had she been a 
dau2:hter of David, she would no doubt have been one of his 
devisees and named in the will as such. The request that 
his daughter-in-law Priscilla Polk should have the tuition of 
his two grandchildren, AMlliam Pollock and Esther Pollock, 
indicates that she was most likely their mother. 



The other chidren named by James Polk in his will, 
and the time of their births as approximated from insufficient 
data, were : 

2. Henry Pollock, born about 1703; died ? 

3. John Pollock, born about ITOo; died ? 

4. James Pollock, born about ITUT ; died ? 

5. Mary Pollock, born about 1709; died ? 

6. Sarah Pollock, born about 1711; died ? 

7. }klargaret Pollock, born about 1713; died ? 

S. Elizabeth Pollock, born about 1715; died ? 

9. Magdalen Pollock. Ijorn about 1717; died ? 

10. Jane Pollock, born al^out 1721 ; died ? 

11. Anna Pollock, born about 17'34:; died ? 

12. . born about 1727-8; died ? 

\Miat became of the foregoing" ele\en children, whrmi they 
married and who were and are their descendants, the writer 
is not informed ; nor does the large mass of data in his pos- 
session from hundreds of the Polk family throw the least light 
upon their pathways through life. To some other Polk family 
historian this task is committed, with the hope that all of them 
can be induced to answer roll call. 

There were a number of Pollocks at and adjacent to Car- 
lisle, Pa, between 1730 and the Revolutionary War. Some 
changed their names to Polk, while others adhered to the 
older form — Pollock. 

Of persons named Pollock, at Carlisle just before the 
Revolution, there was one James Pollock, possibly the James 
Pollock rXo. 4) of the above list. This Carlisle James ap- 
pears to have been born somewhere between 1700 and 1710, 
and hence the date of birth of the above James (1707) would 
about fit him. This Carlisle James left a will dated May 25. 


1773, in which he mentions six children: ^John; -Jean, 
who married Air. Hinchman ; ^Martha, who married Mr. 
Dobson ; ^James; ^William; ""Robert. The probable date 
of the Ijirth of James, son of James Pollock (or Polk) and of 
this Carlisle James, as stated, was about the same time, Init 
tliat is not positive proof that they were one and the same 
person. Some contend that the Carlisle James belonged to the 
Pennsylvania Pollock family, (whose ancestors came to 
America from Coleraine, Ireland, considerably later than 
Robert Bruce Polk) of whom Oliver Pollock the Revolution- 
ary patriot, and the late Governor Pollock, were distinguished 

There is also c;»n tile at Carlisle the will of one John Polk, 
of date Oct. 27, 1772. He appears to have been unmarried 
and devised his property to his "aged mother Margaret Polk," 
and brothers James, William and Robert, "now living on the 
Eastern Shoar of Virginia." This will was probated June 14. 

1774, and it is quite probable that the testator was John the 
second named of the above James Pollock of the 1773 will. De- 
finite proof of this, however, is lacking, and the work oi un- 
ravelling this knot is left to others who may wish to attempt 
the task. 

Joseph Pollock, of Dorchester County, Md., in his will 
of Sept. 12, 1751, probated June 10, 1752, appoints his "friend 
John Pollock, son of James Pollock," to divide certain lands be- 
tween his s'ons Robert and Zephaniah Pollock. 

Of Henry Pollock, Mary Pollock, Sarah Pollock. Margaret 
Pollock, Elizabeth Pollock, Magdalen Pollock, Jane Pollock. 
Anna Pollock, and the one mentioned by James Pollock in 
his will as yet unborn, the records are silent and concerning 
them deponent saith not. 

Concerning this James Polk, wliose identity as a son of 
Robert and Alagdalen Polk has in a measure h&en questioned 
by some, attention is called to two points in his will. One 
of these is where he speaks of "my cousin Charles;" the other 
where he mentions "my cousin Edward Roberts." The latter 
unquestionably was the son of Francis and Ann (Polk^ 
Roberts, who married his cousin Ann or Nancy, daughter of 
John Polk l:)y his first wife Jane . 


But who was his "Cousin Charles?" Was he the first son 
of Ephraim Polk? Or, was he the Chas. Polk who appears 
to have been a son of William Polk by a first wife? This 
Charles (of William) was born somewhere about lTi)0 to 1707. 
it appears, and going to the upper Potomac frontier, became 
an Indian trader and died in 1753. 

In Hotten's '"List of Emigrants to America." on page 44:0, 
we find the following: 

"'A list of the Inhabitants in and about the town of St. 
Michaels. Barbadoes. Anno Domini 1680, with their children, 
hired servants, prentices, bought servants and negroes." 

In this census, comprising a long list, appears: 

■'James Poke and wife, 6 children, 2 hired servants, and 
apprentices. 1 bought ser\ant and 4 slaves." 

This James Poke seems to have been a man of some con- 
sequence, for he had two hired servants and apprentices, one 
bought servant, and four slaves, or negroes. Evidently he 
carried on some constructive work, as he had "apprentices." 

It is likely also that he later came on to America, but it 
is not certain that he was the James Pollock who died in 
Somerset County, ]\Id., in 1727. reputed son of Robert and 
]\Iagdalen. This Somerset lames was married about 17oo, and 
apparently was only about seven years of age at the time 
Barbadoes James had a wife and six children. 

This completes, as far as known, the line of James Polk 
{or Pollock), fourth son of Robert and :\Iagdalen Polk. 


The chief trend of westward emigration 1730 to 1750 was 
to the vicinity of Carlisle, and thence across the southern line 
of Pennsylvania, and do\vn the Valley of Mrginia to the 
Yadkin River section of North Carolina. The rich and fertile 
lands of the ^\■est, lying beyond the Alleghanys, and on the 
Ohio and its tributaries, were not then accessible because of the 
hostility of the Indian tribes, who presented a barrier to the 
. encroachments of the whites in that direction. The French, 
however, from their posts in Canada, had long before estab- 
lished an extensive trade in the Ohio Valley with the various 
Indian tribes and it was their policy to stop at the gaps of 


the Alleghanys, any encroachments into their domain by An- 
glo-Saxon traders and prospectors. 

This bar to the progress westward of American settlers 
was maintained until lT7o Ijy the assistance of the Indians, 
when the alert Scotch-Irish riflemen on the frontier crossed 
the barrier and spread out into the fertile plains of Tennessee. 
Kentucky and Ohio, the tiring line of a mighty host that fol- 
lowed close after them. This intrusion of the whites into their 
favorite hunting grounds was fiercely resisted by the Indians, 
under French prompting, and the infamous murder of the 
family of Logan at Yellow Creek, below Pittsburg, in ]\Iarch 
ITT-i, by Daniel Greathouse and a company of other "white 
savages," precipitated a general Indian war, which culminated 
in a fierce Ijattle, October 10th of the same year, at Point 
Pleasant, the Indians being defeated after a severe struggle 
with the frontiersmen under Col. Andrew Lewis, 

Had William Polk, son of William Sr., and his family re- 
mained at Carlisle until 177 1, there is but little di)ul)t he would 
have emigrated to and settled at some point in the Ohio Valley. 
Some of the family in after years did this ; among them his 
nephew, Capt. Charles Polk, who came to Louisville in 1780 
and William Pogue fPolk) who emigrated to Southwest Vir- 
ginia and soon after to Kentucky, and was killed at Harrods- 
burg, by Indians in 1776. 

But the westward progress of William Polk and family, 
it is said, was halted at Carlisle from 17<;;} until 17.j(); then, 
following the lead (»f the Boone's and other pioneers, they 
moved forward and down the trough of the Alleghanys to the 
Yadkin, joining the Scotch-Irish pioneers of the Carolinas 
who had l)efore spread westward from the Atlantic Coast. 
By and through this contact and union with other colonists 
of like religious faith and political aspirations, was strengthen- 
ed and moulded into definite form and direction those princi- 
ples of freedom which found expression in the ^lecklenburg 
Resolutions of May 20, 1775, the first Declaration of Independ- 
ence ever enunciated in America, preceding the Philadelphia 
Declaration l)y more than a year, Mr. Jefiferson and carping 
critics to the contrary, notwithstanding. 

In tliis great event at Mecklenlnirg. the sons of W^illiam 


Polk and his wife, Margaret Taylor, took a leading part, a 
fact of which their descendants and relatives are justly proud. 
Here they and their kinsmen, the Alexanders and the Brevards, 
planted the foundation of a supersitructure that afterward be- 
came the Temple of Liberty on the Western Continent, after 
the sore travail of the Revolution had tested their principles 
by the arbitrament of a long and bloody war. 

William, however, did not live to witness or take part in 
those transactions which eventuated in war, and in which 
his sons bore such conspicuous and distinguished part. He 
died west of the Yadkin about 1753-i. His wife, Margaret 
(Taylor) Polk, whom he married at Carlisle, and who accom- 
panied him to North Carolina, survived him and lived to a 
great age. 


Among those longest and most deeply interested in the 
preservation of the family history, was the late Col. Wm. T. 
G. Polk, of Princess Anne, ^laryland. Col. Polk was born 
and lived all his life in Somerset County, near the spot where 
Captain Robert Bruce Polk and family settled. He owned, 
at his death, "Polk's Folly, "' the original grant in 1687 by Lord 
Baltimore to Capt. Robert Bruce Polk, lying in Dame's 
Quarter, between IManokin and Xanticoke rivers, and this tract 
has descended to Ephraim Polk, the present owner, son of Col. 

Col. Polk, as stated, took great interest in the family his- 
torv, and a regular correspondence on the subject, between 
him and the author, begun in 1874, was carried on up to the 

time of his death, . This correspondence, on 

his part, was of such an interesting character that it is here 
given with but slight omissions as to the letters copied. Born 
and reared on the old "stamping ground," where Robert and 
Magdalen Polk first settled; familiar with the history and 
traditions of the locality ; for many years Clerk of the Court 
of Somerset County; with free access at all times to the re- 
cords, no one was better qualified to pursue the work of un- 
covering the past history of his family. Being also a man of 
the highest standing and of unblemished character, what he 
has stated may be relied on with the utmost confidence. 

50 P O L K F A M I L y A N D K INS M E N 


Under date of Octol)er 3d, 1871, Col. Pi ilk says: "Some 
thirteen or fourteen years since I commenced collecting the 
very matter which you desire and had obtained a good deal. 
Some of it would. I think, have answered the very questions 
which you have put to me ; especially about tlie Delaware 
branch of the family. This w^as intended for IJishop Polk, 
afterw^ards a General in the Confederate Army, who was trying 
to preserve, as you are now^ doing, whatever w^as interesting 
in the family of Polks in the I'nited States. 

"But the war Ijroke out and it was never sent, and last 
year I had the misfortune to have my dwelling destroyed by 
fire and everything personal to myself and wife, except the 
clothes on our backs, together with those papers, was de- 
stroyed. It will be difficult to reproduce them, as they were 
in the shape of letters from persons, some of whom are dead, 
and others whose names I have forgotten. If the Pjishop's 
papers have been preserved, I su])pose there is more informa- 
tion in them than can be found in any one place. There was 
Josiah F. Polk, who, wath his three sisters, removed many 
years ago frcmi this county to \\'ashington, D. C. He had a 
great deal of information, and I had several letters from him, 
some of them thirty years ago. but he and his sisters never 
married and all are now dead. 

"In your letter you state that Robert and ^Magdalen land- 
ed at "Dame's Corner." It is Dame's Quarter, formerly 
called "Damn Quarter," and so written in all the old records. 
This is a low, flat strip of land but little above tidewater, about 
four or five miles in length, lying on the south side of a stream 
now called Wicomico, emptying into the Chesapeake Bay. 
And just east of it is another tract one or two miles long, 
called "Pidgeon Plouse." Just west of Dame's Quarter, and 
toward the Bay, separated from it by a small stream called 


the Thoroughfare, is an island two miles long and a half or 
three-fourths of a mile wide, formerly called Big Devil's Island, 
now^ softened down to "Deal's Island." Just west of this is 
a smaller island, containing a few acres, which was called 
"Little Devil's Island." 

"These names recall a story that is told of one of our im- 
migrant vessels. There being no large towns then, the ves- 
sels came into our streams and landed their passengers just 
where they expected to live. I tell the story as I have heard 
it told, without vouching for its truth. The ship came up the 
Chesapeake Bay, and on its way took on board as a pilot, a 
person wdio knew the way to this neighjjorhood of Dame's 
Quarter. It was a hot day in June or July, and as the vessel 
left the Bay to turn into this stream the mate took his position 
about nightfall near the pilot, who was directing them how to 

"Pointing to the little island, the mate asked what place 
it was. The pilot answered: "Little Devil's Island." After 
passing it, the mate inquired what place the larger island was. 
the pilot responding: "Big Devil's Island." After the ship had 
passed this also, the mate waved his hand toward the shore 
of the river and asked its name. "Damn Quarter," grimly re- 
sponded the pilot. Just ahead was a low marsh and from it 
vvere rising in the air myriads of fireflys, peculiar I suppose 
to such low places, and which must be seen for one to have an 
adequate idea of them, for they cannot be described. Suffice 
it to say that their vast numbers, on a hot night, especially 
after a rain, seem to completely illuminate the atmosphere. 

"The story goes that the mate, now thoroughly alarmed 
excitedly called to the man at the helm and implored him to 
put the ship about. 'For.' said he, 'we have just passed the 
Little Devil's Island, and the Big Devil's Island. We are now 

abreast of Damn Quarter, and h 11 must be the next ])lace, 

for I see the sparks and can almost hear the roar." 

"I never saw any one bold enough to assert that this inci- 
dent, handed down to us through tradition, happened on the 
vessel that brought our ancestors, Robert and Magdalen Polk, 
to this continent; but it has been told in such close proximity 
to their landing as to leave that impression. Whether true or 


false, the scene is laid at the very place, and al^out the very 
time of their arrival. The particular spot where they landed, 
tradition says, was at "Pidgeon House," and it retains its 
name to this day. 

"There is a tract of land near this place called "Polk":- 
Folly," taken up no doubt by one of the family. I asked a man. 
since your letter, if he knew anything" about it. It is a singu- 
lar coincidence that it included a place wdiich I and my son-in- 
law bought a few years ago without knowing anything of 
the patent name of the land. Ex-Governor Trusten Polk, of 
iNlissouri, misunderstood me when he wrote you that I said 
there is a farm in this county that has been in the possession 
of my family since 1660. That, I think, ante-dates the advent 
of our fathers ; but it has been cuntinutjusly in our family more 
than one hundred and sixty years, ha\-ing l)een purchased by 
one of the first settlers, and passed by devise from father to 
son, and there has been but one deed in the wdiole time for it. 
which is the last occupant, wdiose father died intestate. 

"I will also state in this connection that there are three 
articles of personal property, two of them, at least, in our 
possession, which were brought from Europe by our family. 
The first was a large quarto Bible, containing the Old and 
New Testaments, and an old version (Rouse's probably) of the 
Psalm's. The spelling was antique and the punctuation queer. 
* * * The date on the title page was 166!i. That on the Tes- 
taments was different. Evidently printed separately and ]:)0und 
up together. Seventy years ago the book was in a dilapidated 
condition as to the binding, and my father had it substantially 
rebound in calf. It was said that our ancestors hid it in a 
hollow tree, in the days of the Persecution, after the Re- 
storation, to pre\'ent it from being taken from them. It is said 
that while one read it. others of the family would stand guard 
to give warning of the approach of Papists. And truly, it 
seems that this might ha\'e been probable, as the brxtk was 
very much stained, as though it had l)een thoroughly saturated 
with water many times. It was destroyed in 1847, togethei 
with the dwelling of mv brother, and all the ancient records 
it contained. 

"The second article is a case C(^nta!ning fifteen square 


bottles, each holding over two and a half gallons. Since my 
recollection, the bottles were all perfect, and when all full 
contained aljcut fort}- gallons. But General Temperance, 
causing King Alcohol to retire, these l^ottles have been used 
for vinegar and other liquids that would freeze. Hence all 
liave been cracked and most of them lost. I ha\'e Init two or 
three of them left, useless except as a connecting link between 
the present and the past. Aly nephew, Ephraim G. Polk, who 
owns the old homestead, lias the old case. 

"The third article is a large brass clock, which, in the case 
stands eight ur nine feet high, with great leaden weights of 
ten or twelve pounds each. In addition to keeping the hours 
of the day, it keeps the day of the month and the phases of 
the moon, and is a repeater. A string may be attached to a 
lever inside the clock and carried to the foot of your Ij-ed. At 
anv hour of the night, if the string is pulled, she will repeat 
the last stroke, unless it is within a half hour of the next strike. 
So you can know within a half hour the time, without rising 
friim vour bed. Seventy years ago it was given by my grand- 
father to my father, with the old homestead. A\'hen he took 
possession of them he found the old clock in a lumber room 
covered with dust. Supposing it to have finished its work, he 
proposed to a clock-maker to trade it in part payment for a 
new clock, if there was any value to it. It was sent, and when 
my father saw the clock-man. the latter told him that n^ man 
need want a better clock. He cleaned it up for a few dollars 
I left it thirty years ago on a farm which has been in my im- 
mediate family one hundred and nine years, with some ser- 
vants, and although it has not been cleaned in that time, when 
I have occasion to spend a few days on the farm, or when I 
send mechanics to repair or build houses, if she is wound up, 
she will run eight or nine days and keep excellent time. My 
father laid aside the old case and had a new one of mahogany 
made. This clock was made. I suppose by "AV. Nicholson, 
White Haven," which is inscribed on a plate screwed to the 
face, and there is an inscription, also on the face— '" 7>w/>//.? 
edax Rcnon. " and I find it true in reference to mir family, for 
Time has consumed almost everything relating to its early 

54 P O L K F A M I L V A N D K I N S M E N 



Respecting the connection between the Winder and Polk 
families. Col. Polk states in the same letter: "Airs. AX'inder 
was Gertrude Polk, a daughter of William Polk, son of David, 
son of William the immigrant, who was a son of Robert and 
Magdalen. He ( William) was Chief Judge of one of the judi- 
cial circuits of Maryland, and consequently a member of our 
Court of Appeals. He was esteemed in his state a man of fine 
intellect and a well read lawyer. He died in 1S14, aged al^out 
63 years. 

Mrs. Winder's niuther was a AA'inder, and she married 
Gen'l. A\'m. H. Winder, her fir^^t ccuisin. She was a well edu- 
cated lady, of rare accomplishments, and I think she died with- 
in the current year, alxjut 88 years of age. She had a brother 
by her father's second marriage, Col. James Polk, Register 
of Wills for this County for twenty-five years, and suljsequent- 
ly Xaval Officer in connection with the customs at Baltimore, 
during the administration of President James K. Polk. He 
was a man of fine parts and rare conversational powers. He 
died in isGs. in Baltimore, is buried in this place, and was 75 
years of age. He left many children. One of them, Esther, 
married Ex-Governor E. Louis Lowe, of Maryland, and is now 
living with her husband in Xew York City. Mrs. A\^inder 
also had a sister by the third marriage of her father, named 
Anne. Anne's mother, after the death of her father, married 
Dr. Savage and they removed from this county to Georgia 
and there she became the wife of Hon. Herschel V. Johnson, 
who, you know, was a candidate for Vice President on the 
ticket with Stephen A. Douglass, in isfio. Judge Polk had 
many children ; one called William, who was either in the 
Naval or Revenue service of the United States. Another son, 
Josiah, was Clerk of this County anrl died young, probably in 

POLK F A M I L y A N D K 1 K S M E lY 55 

1814, about the time his father died. His widow, with her 
children, moved to the \\'estern Shore of this state. 

1 am descended from William, his son James, his son 
William, his son Samuel, his son Wm. T. G., the writer uf this. 
aged nearly seventy. My son Wm. T. G. Jr. is a youth nearly 
twenty ; four other sons dead. 

"There is documentary e\-idence here to show that the six 
brothers, John, William, Ephraim, James. Robert and Joseph, 
were all here in this county. To John, a deed from Henry 
Smith, 15th ]\Iarch, l(i92. -To William, a deed from John Gold- 
smith. 12th July, 1697. To Robert a deed from Augustine 
Standford. l'2th August, 1697, for land in Pidgeon House, near 
'"Damn Quarter." To Ephraim, from William Kent, or Cent 
(spelled both ways) "M November, 1711). Joseph was witness 
to power of attorney and made affidavit to same, •^'ith Novem- 
ber. 17 1(). about a tract of land called Locust Hammock, in 
"Damn Quarter Xeck." To James a deed from James Snell 
and wife, for a mill. '^Jlth of April. 1721. And these are not all 
by manv ; as. for instance: To AMlliam from William and 
John Owens, 1st August, 1713. This is the land Ex-Governor 
Trusten Polk, of 3^1issouri, alluded to as being so long in our 
immediate famil}', etc. 

The most important of the documents I have mentioned. 
I think, is the deed from \\'m. Kent, or Cent and wife, to 
Ephraim. In deducing this title it is recited in this deed : 
'Yt whereas, ye Right Honorable Charles of Xoble Memorie. 
late Lord and Proprietory of ye Province of Maryland and 
Avalon, Lord Laron of r.altimore, by his deed of grant under 
ye greater Seale used in ye said Province of ^Maryland, foi 
granting of Land, these bearing date ye first day of June Anno 
Domini one thousand six hundred and eighty-five, did for 
consideration therein mentioned grant unto John Poalke, late 
of Somerset County a parcel or tract of land called Locust 
Hammock, scituate, lying and being on ye east side of 
Chesapeake Bay, on the south side of Wicco-Comico (now 
Wicomico) in Damn Quarter Xeck.' 

This record establishes the fact that the family was here 
anterior to His.-). There is another recital in this deed, that 
John's will bears date 2nth December, 1702. by which he de 

56 P O LK F A M I L y A N D K I N S M E N 

vised this Locust Hammock and other lands to this William 
Kent, or Cent, who lived in St. John's County, in the terri- 
tories of Pennsylvania. And in ITOS, William Polk prefers his 
humlde petition to the Court, asking to be appointed guardian 
to William and Anne, children of his brother John, alleging 
that his brother, on his death-bed requested him (William) 
and his wife to take care of his children and see that they were 
properly brought up, and to give them a christian education ; 
and also asking that the portion of these children, coming from 
their father's estate in mi)\eables, be delivered to him, which 
was done, etc., etc. 

"These two facts prove that John's death occurred lic- 
tween 1702 and 1708, probably 1707 or the early part of 1708. 
John's will is not recorded in this county. There is a tradi- 
tional account that he mo\-ed to Pennsylvania to reside; and 
if so, he may have died there and his will may be recorded 
there. The recital in this deed is the only evidence we have of 
its existence. This land was conveyed from Kent (or Cent) 
by William to Ephraim, by \-irtue of a power of attorney from 
Kent, and Joseph Polk was one of the witnesses to it and made 
affidavit to it before two Justices of the Peace, on the '^Oth of 
November, 1716, and this proves that Joseph was also here 
present, and is the only documentary evidence of his presence 
that I can find. To Joseph there is no deed for lands and it looks 
as if he was less thrifty and prosperous than the others, and 
that may have been the reason moving his mother to give him 
her land in Ireland, as you will find she did, by the copy of her 
will you have. 

It has been the generally received opinion that Robert 
Polk, husband of Magdalen, died in Ireland. I had adopted 
that opinion myself, but since your letter to me I have been 
looking over the old records to refresh my memory, and I have 
had that opinion much shaken. The belief th^t Capt. Robert 
Bruce Polk died in Ireland was doubtless induced by the fact 
that while his wife's will is of record in Somerset County, his 
own is not. After a long search, it was found of record at An- 
napolis, Anne Arundel County, executed May 6, 1699, and pro- 
bated June 5, 1702. It was filed in the office of the Chief Com- 

FOLK F A M 1 L V A N D K I N S M E N 57 

missary of the Colony, at Annapolis, and settles the fact that 
he did not die in Ireland. 

On the inth ^larch, 11)9", Robert Polk. Senior, petitions 
Court, allei^ing" that he had purchased a tract on Monie near 
Damn Uuarter, had cleared a cornfield, and that the horse road 
passed right through his field, and asked permission to turn 
the road around his fence. Xow, this looks as if there were 
two Robert Polks doing business here, and that for the sake of 
distinguishing them, one of them was called '"Senior." \\'ho 
could these two Roberts be at this early date but the husband 
and son of Alagdalen? 

Magdalen must have been very aged when she died, for 
if we suppose John to have been twenty-five when Lord Bal- 
timore granted him Locust Hammock, it would fix his birth 
at 1660. And supposing him to have been the eldest of her 
children, and she to have been twenty at his birth ; it would 
carry her birth back to 1640. Xow. you know by her will that 
she died in the last of 1T26 or first of 1T'2T ; or within thirteen 
years of a century from her birth. The probabilities are that 
she was more than 87 years of age at her death. 

Continuing, Colonel Polk writes : "At this distance of time 
I cannot account for John's giving his lands to Kent (or Cent) 
who, from all that appears of record to the contrary, was a 
stranger to his blood, when he left tW(T children, William and 
Anne ; especially as it seems probable they were puor, as then- 
uncle William, only asks to have possession of the "move- 
ables." But there were other lands deeded to John, and he 
may have given them to his children. It is probable that he 
\vas married twice, and his wife, who was named Joannah, 
survived him, as appears from the records, and is called the 
•'widow Polk." She could not have been the mother of Wil- 
liam and Anne, or he would not have requested his brother 
\\'illiam and his wife to take care of them. What became of 
iMargaret and Anne, the two daughters of Robert and Mag- 
dalen Polk, does not certainly appear, particularly as to one of 
them. I think one of them married Thomas Pollitt. The Pol- 
litts claim relationship to the Polk family and there is a Mag- 
dalen Pollitt mentioned in the records. And about 60 years 
ago I remember there was a Tasker Pollitt in that family." 


The highly interesting- character of the foregoing letter must 
be the author's excuse for copying it here so fully, and the same 
excuse must also apply to further copious quotations from the 
letters of Col. A\'m. T. G. Pulk. who was peculiarl}- qualified 
by age, residence, and contiguity to the landing place of the 
Polks in America, to give information concerning them. He 
did not, however, nor did any of those who investigated the 
family history, discover that Robert and ]\Iagdalen Polk had 
nine children, instead of eight, and that this other one was 
named David, who appears to have died unmarried, as he de- 
vised his property to his namesake, a son of his brother W'il- 
liam. In his will, of date 1G99, Robert Polk, Sr., mentions 
this son David. 

Alag'dalen Polk is said to have lived to l)e over ninety 
years old, dying at her home place "White Hall," in Somerset 
County, between April T, 1726, and March "211, 1727, the re- 
spective dates of the execution of her will and its probate or 
admission to record. 

* It win be noticed tliat the letter of .lolin Keys, of Ireland, dated 
October 17. 1S77, to W. H. Polk, gives the approximate birth of Capt. .lohn 
Keys (who married Barbara Tasker. the sister of Magdalen ( as "about 
1650" and his wife was likely near the same age. Magdalen was also 
very near the ages of Capt. Keys and Barbara. 



chaptp:r XIV 


In the name of God Amen. 

I, Magdalen Pollock, being weak and sick of body, yet of 
perfect mind and memory, praise be to Almighty God, do make 
and ordain this my last will and Testament, in manner and 
form as followeth. 

First: — I give my soul into the hands of Almighty God, 
hoping through the merits of my Savoir Jesus Christ to re- 
ceive full pardon of all my sins. And my body I commit to 
the Earth from whence it was taken, to be buried in Christian 
burial, at the discretion of my Executor hereafter nominated. 

Item — I give and bequeath a tract of land called Moneen, 
lying in the Kingdom of Ireland, in the Barrony of Rafo and 
County of Donegal, and in the Parish of Liford, unto my son 
Joseph Pollock and to the heirs of his body forever, with all 
the rest of my moveable estate, and him to be whole Executor 
of this my last \\'ill and Testament, hereby Revoking all other 
Wills and Testaments by me made by word or writing. 

In Testimony whereof I set my hand and seal this Tth 
day of April, 1726. 

Magdalen Polk Seal. 

Signed, sealed and delivered in sight and presents of us. 
David Polk, William Pollet, Magdalen Pollet. 

March ye 2(ith. 1727. Then came David Polk, William 
Pollett & Magdalen Pollett, subscribing evidences to ye with- 
in Will, who made oath upon ye Holy Evangelist of Almighty 
God that they see ye within named Magdalen Polk, ye Testa- 
tor, sign and seal ye within Instrument as her last Will and 
Testament, and that they heard her publish and declare ye 
same as so to be, and that at ye time of her so doing she was 
of sound, disposing mind and memory. Sworn to before me 
the day and year above written. 

John Tunstall. Depty. Com'y of 

Somerset County. 

60 P O LK F .-^ M I L y A N D K INS M E N 

The Exr. hath not ^ot letter of Administration on this 
Estate nor doth not design. Pr. Geo. Plater. Reg'r. 

Examined. Test. Esme. Bayley, K. W. S. C 

This official copy of Magdalen's will was procured by W. 
PI. Polk from the Clerk of Somerset Cotmty on January (i. 18^■•). 
It will be noticed that at the beginning of the tlocument she 
calls her name "Pollock." ])ut signs it Polk. She also calls 
her son Joseph "Pollock." This will is also recorded at An- 
napolis, in the office of the "Chief Commissary," or Colonial 
Recorder. It will further be noticed that Mag'dalen made 
Joseph, the youngest son. her sole devisee. As suggested by 
Col. W'm. T. G. Polk, the reasons moving her to do this may 
ha\-e been because Joseph, judging l)y the reconls, appears to 
have been less thrifty in the gathering of worldly possessions 
than his brothers, all of whom seem to ha\'e l)een men of good 
business qualities and to ha\'e accumulated tine landed es- 
tates, either by grant from Lord I'altimore or l)y ]mrchase. 
Just what disposition Joseph made of this Irish property l)e- 
queathed to him by his mother is not certainly known. Family 
tradition says that he went to Ireland, sold "Aloneen" to his 
aunt, Barbara Keys, and returned to Maryland and died in 
Somerset County. 

The assumption that Joseph was less enterprising than his 
brothers, is strengthened by the fact that all the other sons of 
Robert and Magdalen recei\'ed numerous grants of land from 
Lord Baltimore, as shown by the records of the Colonial Land 
Office, while but one appears in the name of Joseph Polk, and 
that of date November 1-3, 1T3S, consisting of ninety acres 
located "on the South side of Wicomico River," under the 
patent name of "Forlone Hope's Addition." This patent title 
is suggestive of a lack of enterprise by Joseph, who probably 
was blessed with a "restful" inclination. It will also be no- 
ticed that the date of the grant to him (T73S) was al:)0Ut ten 
years after the devise of "Moneen" to him under his mother's 
will, and this fact goes to prove the likelihood of the tradition 
that he went to Ireland, sold the land to his aunt, and returned 
to America. 



Following is a list of the principal and first land grants to 
Robert Bruce Polk and his sons, by the Lords IJaltimore, be- 
tween the years 1687 and lT4:"i : 

"Rol)ert Rolke, "Polke's Lott," o() acres, lying in Somerset 
County, on the North side of ]<iIanokin River, ALirch 7, 1687. 
Recorded in Liber 231, folio ;3o6. 

Roljert I'olke — "Polk's Folly,"' loo acres, lying in Somer- 
set County, on the North side of Manokin River, near the head 
of Broad Creek, Alarch 7, 1687. Recorded in Liber -i'l, folio 

Roliert Poalk, Jr., "Bally Hack," -iii:! acres, lying in Somer- 
set County, Marsh Ground, Nov. 8, 17oi). Recorded in Liber 
D. D. No.' 5, folio 73. 

Ephraim Poalk, "Clonmell," H'O acres, lying in Somerset 
County, between Manokin Branch and Pidgeon House, or 
Little Creek, September 2(ith, 17(M). Recorded in Liber D. D. 
No. 5, folio 73. 

Ephraim Poalk, "Long Delay," 374 acres, lying in Somer- 
set County, in Damn Quarter, on west side of Ball's Creek. 
March 26, 1705. Recorded in Liber D. D. No. 5, folio 366. 

James Poalk, "James' Meadow," 2(M) acres, lying in Somer- 
set County, in Damn Quarter, on the N. E. side of Williams 
Creek, June 1, 1705. Recorded in Liber D. D. No. 5, folio 363. 

Ephraim Poalk, "Chance," 2oo acres. Lying on E. side 
Chesapeake Bay, in Dorchester County, ]\Iay 27, 1715. Re- 
corded in Liber E. E. No. 6., folio 235. 

The foregoing list of the earliest grants made to sons of 
Robert and Magdalen was procured in 1873. It will be noticed 
that the two first entries Avere to Robert Polke, Sr., husband of 
Magdalen, and comprised 150 acres. By the name "Polk's 
Folly," he possibly referred to what he considered to be his 
'"folly" in coming to the New A\'orld. 

The names of the other grantees are written Poalk, evi- 
dently a clerical freedom which seems to have been common 
at that time, with entry clerks and all scribes preparing or 
handling legal documents. The seven foregoing grants foot 

62 P O L K F A M I L y A N D KIN S M E N 

up 1,124 acres of land received by Robert Sr., Robert, Jr., Eph- 
raim, and James. David, John, William and Joseph's names 
do not appear in tliis list as acquirers of public domain. 


A few years later a second and larger list was procured 
from the Maryland Colonial records, which is as follows : 

"P^olks chance," 200 acres. E. side Chesapeake Bay, Dor- 
chester County, Ephraim Polack "Chance," loth Sept., 1715. 
(the dates of these entries being different, the last was no 
doubt an addition to the first). 

"Monen" liiu acres, E. side ]\lain Ijranch Xanticoke River, 
in John's Neck, \\m. Polk. Sr>merset County, loth July, 1725. 

"Denigall," Kio acres E. side Main Branch Xanticoke 
River, in John's Xeck, \\m. Polk, loth July, 1725. 

"Romas," 100 acres, E. side Main Branch X'anticoke Ri\'er, 
in John's Xeck, William Polk, loth Sept., 1725. 

"Richmond," 200 acres, Southermost side Main Branch 
Xanticoke River, Somerset County, A\'m. Polk, 6th March, 

1 ( -c o . 

"Charles Purchase," 100 acres, E. side do, do, do, Charles 
Polk, 14th March, 1728. 

"Green Pasture." 20o acres, W. side on Island Damn 
Quarter, Somerset County, James Polke, 27th Feb.. 172S. 

"Polk's Privilege," oo acres, X. E. side [Main branch Xan- 
ticoke River, Somerset County, Charles Polk, 2d Nov., 1730. 

"\\ hite Oak Swamp," 100 acres, X. side Xanticoke River, 
Somerset County, James Pollock, 2:3rd Xov., 1730. 

"Charles' Advantage," E. Side Main Branch Xanticoke 
River, Somerset County, Charles Polk, 2d Xov., 1730. 

"Plimouth," 290 acres, in Dorchester County, David Pol- 
lock. II th ( )ct., 1730. 

"Addition," 2oo acres, do, do, do 3d Dec, 1732. 

"Second I'urchase." 4oo acres, E. side of Branch of ]\Iain 
N. E. B.rancli Xanticoke River, Somerset Countv, Charles 
Polk. 21th July. 1733. 

"Come l)y Chance." 20 acres, 2 miles from head Wicomico 
Creek. SMiiiersct County. A\'m. Polk and Thomas Pollitt, 4th 
Decem])er, 1735. 


"Forlorn Hope's Addition," 90 acres, S. side Wicomico 
River, Somerset County, Joseph Polk, 15th May, 1738. 

"Marg-aret's Fancy,"" 50 acres, E. side Chesapeake Bay, 
Dorchester County, Robert Polk, Uh July, 1T39. 

"Hog-g Yard, 134 acres, Dorchester County, Ephraim Pol- 
lock. 10th Dec, 1740. 

"Dublin's Advantage," 1S4 acres, do, do, do, John Pollock. 
20th December. 1741. 

"John's Venture," 200 acres, do, do, do, John Pollock., 
20 December, 1741. 

"David's Hope," 450 acres, do, do, do, David Pollock, 
nth November, 1742. 

This second list of grants, embodying 3,12S acres, when 
added to the tir.^t list, make 4. 152 acres granted to the Polks 
from I\Iar. 7, 1687, to Nov. 11. 1742, a period of tifty-live years 
There were many others beside, at later dates, to various Polks. 
as the records show. From the foregoing lists it appears that 
Ephraim secured the largest quantity of land. 908 acres being 
entered in that name. It is apparent, however, that the last 
grant "Hogg Yard," was to Ephraim 2d, as Ephraim 1st died in 
1718. William Polk's entries amounted to 500 acres; Charles 
secured 600 acres. Charles Polk, the oldest son and heir at law 
of Ephraim 1st, was a man of great enterprise and accumulated 
a good sized fortune for that day. He sold his lands in Som- 
erset Countv, amounting to 600 acres, and moved to Dor- 
Chester County. He was the ancestor of a distinguished branch 
of the family in Delaware, among whom w-ere Govenor Trus- 
ten Polk, of Missouri, and Governor Charles Polk, of Delaware. 
His nephew, Ephraim Polk 3d. was a soldier of the Revolu- 
tion, in Col. AA'm. AMll's Philadelphia regiment, and after the 
close of the war emio-rated to Scott Countv, Kentucky (1793) 
where he died in 1814 after again enlisting to serve under 
Jackson at New Orleans. 




The belief prevailed for many years in the Polk family, 
even in the very neigliborhood where the immigrants landed, 
that Capt. Robert r)ruce Polk had died in Ireland, and that 
only his family, Alagdalen and her children constituted the 
original immigrants. 

It is evident that this impression first arose about 1848, 
while Col. AV. H. Winder, of Baltimore, Josiah F. Polk, of 
^\'ashing■ton, D. C, and others interested, were engaged in 
getting up a history and "tree" vi the family. Finding no 
record proof of the presence in Somerset County of Robert 
Bruce Polk, and ascertaining that his wife, Magdalen, was long 
a widow before her death, the conclusion was that he had died 
in Ireland before the emigration of his family. The will of 
IMagdalen, and of others of the family, was of record in Som- 
erset County, but that of Robert Bruce Polk did not appear. 
They doubtless were unaware, or did not rememl^er, that in 
the early existence of the Colony of Maryland, there was a 
"Chief Commissary," as he was called, and that this officer had 
in each county a "Deputy Commissary," by whom all wills 
were probated and put on record, a copy of same being th.en 
forwarded to the Chief Commissary for re-entry and filing, 
thus insuring greater security in case either ofiice should be 

Robert Bruce Polk evidently did not die at Annapolis, 
where his will was disco\-ered a few years ago by a descendant 
of the Polks, Mr. R. C. Ballard Thruston of Louisville, Ky., 
The copy of his will that should have been of record at Princess 
Anne, Somerset County, was evidently lost or mislaid. That 
Robert was li\ing in Somerset County when he executed his 
uill on May (ilh, KiH!), is proven b}- the instrument, itself, for 
in tlie 4th section, in bequeathing his house and plantation to 



his wife Magdalen, he speaks of it as "my now dwelling place 
and plantation." 

The procurement by the author, in l.sTo, from the Alary- 
land Land ( )flice, of a list of twenty-seven grants of land from 
Lord r.altimore to the Polk family, two of which were to 
Robert liruce Polk himself, settled the fact that he did come 
to America with his family; and the subsequent discovery of 
his will at Annapulis further proves it beyond all question. 

Robert's Will. 

In the Name of God. Amen : 

This sixth day of May in the year of our Lord 1699, I 
Robert Polke of Somerset County in the Province of Mary- 
land being of good health and Perfect memory at this present 
thank be to Almighty God for the same yet knowing the un- 
certainty of this present life and being desirous to settle my 
affairs doe make this my last will and Testament in manner 
and form following-: 

First and principally I commend my soule to God who 
gave it to me. assuredly belie\'ing that I shall receive full and 
free pardon of all my sins and be saved by the pretious Death 
and Merritts of my Blessed Savior and Redeemer Jesus Christ 
and my Body to the Earth from whence it was taken to be 
buried after a decent and Christian manner at the discretion 
of my Executor hereafter named and as touching such worldly 
estate as God in his mercy hath bestowed upon me. It is my 
w^ill that it be disposed of as hereafter is expressed. 

3ndly I leave to my son Robert Polke a parcel of land 
called Lone Ridge being part of a tract of land called Forlone 
Hope, formerly belonging to Augustine Standforth l)ut now 
conveyed to me the said land called Lone Ridge beginning at 
a m'arked pine standing in a slash next to my said Son's House 
and from thence running north east the number of poles 
specified in the pattent soe leaving to my son Robert wdiat land 
belongs to the said pattent on the north east side of the said 
Slash to him the said Robert Polke and his heirs forever. 

3rdly I leave to my said son David Polke the remainder 
of the above said tract of Land called Forlorne Hope as also 
one hundred acres of land called Polks Folly bounded as per 


Pattent will appear both said tracts of land to him the said 
David and his heirs forever. 

4thly I leave to my Beloved Wife Mag'dalen Polke my now 
dwelling house and plantation tlurinL; her natural life as also 
a third uf what goods and moveables I am possed with or shall 
hereafter to the day of my death the said Goods and moveables 
to ])e at her dispossing at her decease. Another third of my 
Goods and moveables I leave to my daughter Martha be it 
little or much here and her heirs forever and as for the cjther 
third. It is my will it l)e equally divided between my sons 
David and Joseph, and if it should please God to Remove me 
before I purchase a seat of Land after my son Joseph, this my 
will : that my son David give unto my son Joseph four thous- 
and pounds of Tobacco in the leu of the above said tracts of 
Land left to my son David and as for what Cattle I have given 
to my son Joseph they being in his proper Mark it's my will 
that he enjoy and possess the same he and his heirs forever, 
for this boy Christopher must live with Magdalen Polke dur- 
ing her life time then. 

othly I leave to my son James an Orphan Boy called 
Christopher Little to him the said James and his heirs during 
the time of his Indre. 

I leave unto my son Ephraim the choice of what stear I 
have or may have at the day of my death. 

I leave to my sons John and W^illiam Polke to each of 
them tweh'e pence. 

I constitute and appoint my son David Polke and my wife 
Magdalen Poilke to be Executors of this my last will. 

Codicil — I constitute my sons Ephraim and James Polke 
to be Executors of this my last wili and testament disannulling 
and making voide all former Will or Wills by me made either 
by word or written. 

In W itness wliereof I have hereunto set my hand and seal 
the day and year above written this being altered the eighth 
day of August, 1703. 

Robert Polke Seal 

Richard Knight, 
Mary O. English, 
Richard WHiittley. 


And I desire that ^^lartha Poock may have liberty let her 
cattle run on the plantation until she gets plantation and as to 
Sarah Powers she must have a heifer at her freedom day." 

Signed. Sealed and delivered in the presence of us 
Ro-bert Polk 
Richard Whittley 
Richard Knight 
Mary O. English." 

On the back of said will was thus written : "\'izt : — !\Iem- 
orandum this 5th day of June the within will was proved to be 
the Act and Deed of the within named Pvobert Polke by the 
oaths of Richard W'hililey. Richard Knight and ^lary English 

Peter Dent, Depty Com'y. 

R. McKendree Davis, 

Dept. Register Orphans Court 

Anne Arundel County 
State of ^Maryland 

Annapolis Will's T. B. 1701-3. folios 416-418. 

The quaint capitalization and spelling of some of the 
words of the instrument were characteristic of the times. ]^Iany 
vvell-to-do people could but indifferently write or spell, as op- 
portunities for acquiring an education were scarce. The spell- 
ing of some w^ords in Robert^- will remind us of the inscription 
cut on a tree by Daniel Boone, to the effect that he "Cilled 
a Bar on this Tree." 

It is deducible from the will of Robert: 

1st. — The tract of land which he bequeathed to his sons. 
"Lone Ridge." was a part of "Forlorn Hope." (to which Joseph 
added 90 acres bv a later entrv on Nov. 15. 1738) which he 
had purchased from Augustine Standforth. probably the ori- 
ginal grantee. 

Of} _ — Xhat one of his two daughters was named Martha, 
not ^klargaret, as some have given it. 

3d.— That he certainly had a son David, making his chil- 
dren nine in number— John. William. Ephraim, James. Robert, 
David. Joseph. Martha and Anne. The inference from several 
sources is that David was one of the younger sons. Joseph be- 


ing- the youngest and the legatee of his mother in her will. 
It is inferable, also, that David may have died between the 
time his father's will was executed (May G, 1G99) and the time 
the codicil was added, (August 8, 1703), by which codicil the 
first named executors — Magdalen and David — were supplanted 
by the sons Ephraim and James. It also appears that David 
died a bachelor; for, in his will, he bequeaths his property to 
his nephew and probable namesake, David Polk, Jr., son of 
William, son of Robert and Magdalen. 

4th. — That tobacco must have been extensively raised in 
Maryland, for it w^as used as a medium of exchange, under cer- 
tain conditions of the wijl David being required to pay to 
Joseph 4,n(jU lbs. of the weed. 

5th. — That the orphan boy Christopher Little was inden- 
tured to Robert until he should attain to his majority. If 
Robert had any African slaves he did not mention the fact, 
which he would likely have done had he possessed any. 

6th. — Ephraim, John and William received but slight be- 
quests. It is evident that they already possessed comfortable 
estates and did not need anything from the estates of theii 
parents. Hence the latter sought to equalize, as far as possi- 
ble, the conditions of their children by making David and 
Joseph their principal legatees. 

7th.— That Robert Bruce Polk died between May 6th. 1699, 
and June 5th, 1704, most likely in May of the latter year, as 
it has long been the custom to offer wills for probate shortly 
after the death of decedent. 

From Alagdalen's will it is deducible : 

1st. — That the person who drew up her will wrongfully 
wrote the name of her estate in Ireland, bequeathed to Joseph, 
as "]\Ioning," when it should have been Moneen, as shown by 
correspondence with members of the Keys family, who still 
own a part of it. 

2d. — That of the witnesses to her will, David was her son, 
and William and Magdalen Pollitt her nephew and niece, 
children of Thomas Pollitt, who married her daughter Martha. 


Besides the wills of Robert and ]\Iagdalen Polk, which are 


here given in full, there are a great many of record in Somerset. 
Anne Arundel, Dorchester and Worcester Counties, ]\Iary- 
land ; in Newcastle. Kent and Sussex Counties, Delaware; and 
also in Pennsylvania, the Eastern Shore of Virginia, North 
and South Carolina, Georgia, Alabama, ^Mississippi, Texas, 
Missouri, Arkansas, Iowa, Illinois, Indiana, Kentucky, Ten- 
nessee. In fact, there is hardly a state in the Union in which 
Polks are not found and Polk wills recorded. 

Among others in possession of the writer are : Will of 
Wm. Polk, Sussex County, Delaware, Xov. 20, 1T86. Will of 
W m. Polk, Somerset County, Maryland, Jan. 23, 1739. Will 
of Ephraim Polk 2d, Sussex County, Delaware, Jan. 5, 1789. 
Will of Charles Polk, Frederick County, Maryland, March 19, 
17o3. Will of John Polk, Cumberland County, Pa., Oct. 27, 
1772. \\'ill of Emanuel Polk, Sussex County. Delaware, Sept. 
G, 1793. Will of James Polk, Somerset County, Maryland. 
November 8, 1726. 




Respecting- some of the foregoing points discussed. Col 
R. C. Ballard-Thruston, of Louisville, Ky., a meml)er of the 
Polk clan, has arranged consecutively a number of official 
transactions, followed by his "Conclusions" respecting the 
same. They are : 


(Index to Authorities Quoted.) 
C'W. T. G. P"— Col. Wm. T. G. Polk, Princess Anne, .Aid.) 
("W. H. P."— A\'m. H. Polk, Lexington, Ky.) 
("E. B. P."— Earle B. Polk, Princess Anne, Md.) 
("M. W. G."— Miss Mary Winder Garrett, Williamsburg 

('A. H. M." — American Hist. Magazine.) 


1680, Sept. 8, Jo'hn Polke entered the ear marks of his cattle. 
(WTGP Oct. 3L ly'^^. WHP. Aug. 15, 1S'J9.) 

Kisr., Juuc 1, J-ohn Poalk patented "Locust Hammock" in 

Somerset Co., Md., on the east side of the 
Chesapeake Bay and south side of the Wiccoco- 
mico River in Dames Quarter Neck (WHP 
Aug. 15, 1899. See deed from Wm. Kent or 
Cent, to Ephraim Polk, dated 1716). 

i<''^»' The names of Robert Polk and John Polk ap- 

pear on a list of loyal subjects of Somerset 
County, who addressed a letter to King 
William and Oueen Alary. (Baltimore Sun 
666 Sept. 4, 1904.) 

POLK FAMILY A N D K I h i, M E N 71 

i«y2, Miir. 15, Deed from Capt. Henry Smith to John Polk of 
Somerset (WHP Aug. 15. 1899) for "Bellen- 
drett" 150 acres part of Smith's Recovery a 
TUO acre patent to said Smith dated April 22, 
1684. (See copy of deed Polk to Hall.) 

i(;j>.-. Deo. «, John Polik was witness to the will of William 

Porter, of Somerset, dated December 6, 1(395 
and proven June 10, 1696. (Aid. Calendar of 
Wills, H, 103). 

i«»8, Mnr. 27, jj-j ^^iU ^^f \\'ni. (Iwens of Somerset, dated ]\Iar. 
2?, 1698. John Polk and Wm. Knox were nam- 
ed as overseers. (Md. Cal. of Wills H 181). 

w.)iK >in.v (!, j,^ ^vill of his father. Robert Cruce Polk. John 

was devised 12 pence. 

1702, Deo. 20, John willed "Locust Hammock"' and other 
lands to William Kent, of St. John's County 
in the Territories of Pennsylvania. (See re- 
cital in deed from A\'m. Kent to Ephraim Polk. 
dated November 2, 1716. (WHP August 15, 
1899; EBP April 3. 1909). 

1707. Oct. s, 1^,1^]-, t'olke, of Somerset County, '"coopper," 

and Johanna his "now wife." made deed to 
Alex Hall of the same county, conveying Bel- 
lendrett. 150 acres, that was deeded by Capt. 
Henry Smith to him Alarch 15, 1692. and which 
was a part of Smith's Recovery, a TOO acre 
patent to said Smith dated April 22, 1684. 
(See copy of deed). John Polk seems to have 
signed this deed in person, but Johanna made 
her mark. 

1707-s. Mar. 10, Deed from Matthew A\'allis. of "ye county of 
New Castle upon Delaware, yeoman." to John 
Polk of Somerset County, "cooper," conveys 
)00 acres in Somerset County "about 2 miles 



back in ye woods 'from ye forks of Rockiacin- 
kin River, where ye "said River divides itself 
into branches and on head of Rockavvackin 
River (later spelled Rockawakin Kiver)." 
This 500 acres in two tracts; 1st, ;500 acres 

"■  called "Friends Denyall," which recital in deed 

shows \vas patented to Thos. Cox, October 2G. 
1G81; deeded by him and wife. Rel)ecca, to 
Phenix Hall. ( )ct()ber :;. 1<)84. Deeded by Hall 
and wife, Elizabeth to .Matthew Wallis. Octo- 
ber ;31, 1687. The other was a -.^oi) acre tract 
called "Kirkminster." which the recital shows 
was patented to Matthew Wallis, October i), 


1708, Juue 9, \\ illiam Polk petitioned the court askin^^ to be 

appointed guardian to \Vm. & Anne (Xancy), 
children of his l)rother John, alleging that "his 
brother, on his death bed requested him 
(^^'illiam). and his wife, to take care of his 
children and see that they were properly 
brought up and to give them a Christian edu- 
cation." Wm. also asked that "the portion 
of these children coming from their father's 
estate, moveables, be delivered to him," which 
was done. 

Col. AVm. T. G. Polk, October 31. 1874, gives 
this date as May 10, 1708, by error; (WHP 
August 15. ISDl). EBP February 26. 1909, see 
copy of petition and order of court). 

i-os, Aug. 11, 'X\\Q Somerset County records show that the 
"wddow Polk" iM-ought a servant into court to 
be judged of his age, etc. This was indexed 
Joannah Polk (WTGP 10, ?,\, 1874; EBP 4, 
3, 1909.) 

The "widow Polk" is again mentioned under 
the same date in connection with a boy that 
was bound to "John Polk now deceased." 
(EBP April 3, 1909.) 



iTos, ^se|.t. 2, Inventory of John Polk"s goods — a very long 
list — summing up £ 66-9-1. (EBP April 3. 

1710, Dec. 0, Account of Thos. Hugg and Joannah his wife, 

"relict of John Polk" in reference to the estate 
of John Polk. (EBP Apr. 3, 1909). 
The records of Somerset Co. show that Joanna, 
widow of John Polk, married a man named 
Hugg. Also there is pretty -good circum- 
stantial evidence that John had a son, John, 
younger than his sun William. (Josiah F. 
Polk to \V. H. Winder, Feb. 15, 1S49 ; quoted 
by W. H. Polk Aug. 20, 1899). Josiah stated. 
'Tn tracing more particularly the descendents 
of John, the eldest son of Robert and ]\Iagda- 
len, I learn that he did leave children by his 
second wife, Jugga Hugg. and from that union 
springs one of the Delaware family" (WH 
^^'inder to Jas. K. Polk, Sept. 23, 1848, quoted 
by WHP. Aug. 20, 1899). If John also mar- 
ried |u"urtha Hugg. she was his first wife and 
mother of his children, AMlliam and Xancy. -See b 

17K5, xov. 20, Deed from Wm. Kent, of the Territories of 
Pennsylvania, to Ephraim Polk, conveying 
"Locust Hammock." etc. This deed recites 
a patent to "John Poalke, late of Somerset," 
dated June 1, 1685 ; also that said John's will 
bears date Dec. 20, 1?02, in which he willed this 
tract to AA'm. Kent for the benefit of his two 
children Wm. and Ann. (WHP Aug. 15, 

1723 Sept. 2s, Dccd froui Thos Hugg and wife Joanna to John 
Caldwell recites conveyance "to John Polke the 
late husband of the said Joanna" and conveyed 
her dower rights in the following two tracts 
of land "Friends Deniall" and "•Kirkminster." 
Both Thomas Hugg and wife Joanna make 
their mark to the deed. 



1-23-4 Jan. 7, Deed froHi "'William I'dk of Dorsett and pro- 
vince of Maryland, blacksmith, and I'risela his 
wife" to John Caldwell, of Somerset Co. 
(conveys two tracts of land "Friends Denial"' 
300 acres. ""Kirkminster" 300 acres. Recites 
the grants of the above two tracts to Thos. Cox 
and Matthew W'allis and their conveyance to 
John Polk, deceased. That they "descended 
to his son W'm. Pdlk as heir-at-law to the said 
John Polk," and that the grantor is the said 
Wm. Polk. P)Oth W'm. l\ilk and wife seem to 
have signed the deed in person. 

1726-7, Will of Thos. Hugg. of Somerset, dated Pel) 

17, 1726-7; proven May 11, 1729. in which he 
devised the home plantation to wife Johanna 
during her widowhood, and makes bequest to 
eldest daughter. Jane, and youngest daughter, 
Mary, and to his son AX'illiam l)y his former 
wife. Leaves his wife executrix and makes 
his mark to his signature. (EBP 3/13/1909.) 

1740, Nov. 5, Deed from I'atrick Caldwell and wife Mary to 

John Polk, conveys a tract of land "in Somer- 
set Co. on the east side of the Xanticoke River, 
at a Red ( )ak about KM) yards from where the 
county road crosses the head of a branch of 
Broad Creek called Rossaketoms Branch, 
about a mile l)elow Johanna Huggs." (EBP 




John Polk married Joanna Knox and left two 
children, William and Ann. or Xancy (AHAI 
Oct. 1897 p. 382). William Polk brother of 
John, married Ann or Xancy Knox (then the 
widow Owens j (AHM Apr. 1898 p. 230). 
Ann Polk, sister to John & William, married 
Francis Roberts and had two children. Edward 
and Priscilla Roberts, who married their first 
cousins. W'ni. (I\: Ann Polk, children of John. 
(AH.M Oct 18J7. 1, 383.) 

i'-2. ]\Iatthew Harmanson and wife. Easter. Xorth- 

ampton Co. .deeded to Wm. Polk of Dorchester 
Co., a 250 acre tract of land called "Collier's 
Adventure." that was patented to Robert P. 
Collier, of Somerset Co. in 16T1; lying on the 
north side of Xanticoke River. Conveyance 
was by John Pollet. as attorney, and witnessed 
by James Pollock and James Bruckshor. 

172G, Will of William Polk, of Dorchester, dated 

Xov. 25, 1726. proven Feb. 21, 1727-8, be- 
queaths to son John Polk, dwelling plantation, 


To oldest daughter. Jane, two adjoining tracts 

of land. Low Ridge and Polk's Folly. 

To youngest daughter. Ann. 50 acres on head 

of Dames Quarter Creek. 

To John Pollett. a tract of land. 

To wife (not named) all of his land during her 


Executrix, wife, not named. A\'m. son of John 

Polk Sr. 



1727, May 20, Inventory of estate of Wm. Polk filed by 
Robert Clarkscn, who married Priscilla. widow 
of A\'illiam Pulk. It was signed by James 
Cannon. John Pollett, Robert Polk and Thomas 
Polk, as creditors and next of kin. (j\IWG. 
Alio-. 2nd & ."lOth, IS!)!).) Priscilla married 
Clarkson al)out 3 months after her husband 
Wm. Polk died, as alcove shows. 

1727, Juue 11, ^f he account of Priscilla Polk, executrix of 

William, late of Dorchester, deceased (Ace. 
Lst 9, Vol. 3S2. Aug. 2, IS!)!)., (^IWG). 

1728, July 30, Johu Pollctt, Sr.. of Dorchester, gave a bond to 

Priscilla Polk of Dorchester, relict and execu- 
trix of Wm. Polk deceased. Said bond re- 
cited : 

"If John Pollett his heirs &:c shall at any time 
"or times hereafter happen to run out his or her 
0-4, "lands and should by that means intersect the 

"Upper fencing of the said Priscilla Polk, her 
"heirs &c as it now stands, that then the said 
"John Pollett, his heirs &c shall be obliged to 
"make over his or their Rigiit, title and interest 
"unto" &c. Witness: 

Ester V. (X) Whitty, Rachel C. (x) Samuel, 
daughter of John Samuel &: John Phipps. 

1740, Nov. 5, Deed from Patrick Caldwell and wife Mary to 

John Polk, in which these words appear "In 
Somerset Co. oh the east side of the Xanticoke 
River, at a Red Oak al)out 100 yards from 
where it crosses the head of a branch of Broad 
Creek called Rossaketoms Branch, about a 
mile below Johanna Hugg's (EBP Mar. 13. 



i74:{, Jau. r„ Deed from David Pollock of Dorchester, to 

Thomas Wright for parcel of land and marsh, 
seven acres, taken out of a patent called "Con- 
tention," beg'inning- at a marked pine bounder 
of tract formerly surveyed for Thomas Bloyce, 
on east side of Little Creek, etc., etc. Con- 
sideration KMin pounds of tobacco. (See 
Liber X Xo. 1 folio 93). 

17.-0, Dec. 2s, Johu Polk, of the Territories of Pennsylvania, 
deeded to W'm. Turpen, of Dorchester, Colliers 
'"-1^' Adventure containing 250 acres. 


!'-'»' Will if James Polk, of Somerset County, dated 

Xov. Nth lT"i(), proven May D, 1727, makes a 
l:)equest "unto my cousin Edward Roberts on 
the pro\'ision my cousin Edward do deliver up 
the bond that I passed to him." (See copy of 
\\'\\\ under James Polk line.) 

i''3' Will of David Pollock, of Dorchester, dated 

* Feb. 21, 1773, proven ^Larch 11, 1773. He 

makes bequests to his daughter Elizabeth 
Roberts ; to his daughter-in-law, Priscilla Pol- 
lock ; to his grand-children, David, William 
and Esther Pollock. (See copy of will under 
James Polk line. ) 

i"3, \\\\\ of Pricilla Pollock, of Dorchester, dated 

Feb. 26, 1773, proven Apr. 5, 1773; names son 
David, daughter Esther Pollock; brothers 
W^ilHam and Francis Roberts, and sister Xancy 
Xellums. (See abstract of will recorded in 
book 39, page 544 in Land Office at Annapolis, 



All traditions make John Polk the eldest son of Ro])ert 
Bruce Polk. This I accept as correct, although 1 have no 
proof of it. 

From my investigations, I am inclined to think that at a 
very early age — 16 or possibly even at 1-1 — boys were, under 
proper conditions, given all the rights of freemen unless it 
Avas that of voting. The idea that they must have been "^1 
years of age to even deal in real estate was erroneous. They 
certainly could witness instruments and even trade in cattle, 
recording their ear-marks, etc., at a much earlier age. The date 
of John's hirth as 1659, or earlier, was assumed on the theory 
that he must have been 21 in 1680 when he entered the ear- 
marks of his cattle This, I am inclined to think he could have 
done possibly at the age of 12, which would place his birth 
somewhere between 1659 and 166S. Under William Polk, it 
will be seen that he, (William ) died 1740, aged aljout 7S ; there 
fore born about 1662. If this is correct, and if John Polk were 
older than William, then John must have been born about 
1660. If younger than A\'illiam, then he was born from 1661 
to 166S, depending upon the relative ages of John and his 
sister Ann. I incline, howe\'er, to the view that John was the 
eldest child and ])orn about 1659 or 1660. 

The deed from John Polk and Joanna, his "now wife," to 
Alex. Hall in 1707, would indicate that he had been previously 
married. Again it is claimed that his will or bequest of land 
in Dec, 1702, to Kent was for the purpose of providing for his 
children, A\'illiam and Anne, presumably by a wife earlier than 
the one which he then had. The petition in court by his 
l>rother Wm. in June 1708 would also indicate that the wife 
who survived him was not the mother of \\^illiam and Anne, 
or she would have been the natural guardian and custodian of 
her own children. 

There is a persistent claim that John and his brother, 
W'm. married sisters wdiose maiden names were Joanna and 
Nancy Knox. Certain it is that Anne (or Xancy) married 
\\'m. ( )wcns and later W'm. Polk, second son of Robert Bruce 


Polk. In his will dated Mar. l()!».s. this W'm. Owens named 
John Polk and W'm. Knox, (presumably brothers-in-law) as 

John's children, William and Xancv, were evidently named 
for their uncle and aunt. Mr. and ]Mrs. \\'m. Polk, which was 
an additiiaial incentive for the interest A\'m. Polk took in these 
two children. And whilst it should not be accepted as con- 
clusive proof that John had no other children Ijy his first wife, 
still the records that 1 have seen do not even intimate that 
there may have been more than the two children mentioned. 
It is claimed that the deed or bequest to W'm. Kent in ITi)'? 
was to insure i)rovision for his two children William and 
Nancv. The records show that their uncle W^illiam acted as 
their guardian. The deed from Kent to Ephraim Polk in IT 16 
has been assumed as evidence that Ephraim also acted as 
guardian. I am inclined to think that this is a mistake; that 
William had then reached his majority and sold Locust Ham- 
mock to his uncle, hence the deed from Kent, who was merely 
a trustee, to Ephraim Polk. 

If this view is correct, it would also serve to locate the 
birth of Wm. Polk as Ki!).) unless he were under 21 when he 
made the sale. Summing up the evidence on John Polk, I 
should say that he was born Ifio!) to 16(30; that he married in 
169L at the age of about 35, and had only two children, William 
and Xancy. In Dec. 1702 he made a will, or a deed, in favor 
of Wm. Kent, making provision for his children, William and 
Nancy, the presumption being that he was then married to, or 
about to marry, his second wife, though we have no proof 
of this second marriage until Oct. 17()T. At first he lived in 
Somerset County, ^Id., he may have moved to St. John's 
County, Pa., (now^ Kent County, Del.) and there married 
Joanna ; but apparently he was a resident of Somer- 
set County, Md., at the time of his death in 1708. In this 
connection it must be noticed that at that time the territ<jrial 
claims of Somerset County, Aid., extended to and included 
the present Sussex County. Del. 

There is nothing to show where John was living at the 
time of his death, nor where his family lived afterwards. It 
is probable, however, that he resided on the .-)()() acres bought 

80 P O LK F A M I LY A N D K I N S M E N 

from Matthew Wallis in 1T08, known as "Friends Denial" and 
"Kirkminster," and that his family continued to reside there 
until his son William, the blacksmith, sold the property in 1733 
to John Caldwell. I incline to the idea that Thomas Hugg and 
wife lived near this property and that it was a portion of 
this same 5(»0 acres that was deeded hy Patrick Caldwell to 
John Polk in 1740. 

Thomas Hugg left a will dated Feb. 17, 172(3/7; just four 
days before the will of \Vm. Polk, the blacksmith, was proven. 
It was, therefore, probably written after the death of Wm. 
Polk. By this will, Hugg shows that he had been previousl/ 
married and that he had a son William by his first marriage, 
and two daughters, Jane and Mary, by his second. He does 
not mention any step-children and to my mind the presump- 
tion is that he had none. 

I have not been able to locate the date of the death of 
Joanna, widow, first of Jno. Polk and later of Thos. Hugg. 
She does not seem to have left any will of record. My con- 
clusion is that she had no children by Jno. Polk, and by Thos. 
Hugg, only two, who were living in 172G/7 ; and that she, her- 
self, was the one referred to in the deed from Patrick Caldwell 
and wife to John Polk dated Xov. 5, 17iO, and therefore was 
living at that time. 





William Polk, son of John Polk, eldest son of Capt. Robert 
r.ruce Polk was probably born 1G95. He was certainly very 
young- in 1TU5, when his father made provision for the main- 
tenance of him and his sister, Anne, by devising "Locust Ham- 
mock" to W'm. Ivent. He was left an orphan somewhere 
"between March li». HuT/.S and June 9, 1708, for, on the latter 
date his uncle, William, was appointed guardian for him and 
his sister, Anne or Nancy, with instruction that William be 
taught a trade. He was probably of age Nov. 2i), ITKi, on which 
date, W^m. Kent deeded Locust Hammock to Ephraim Polk 1st 
I believe as the result of a sale of that property by Wm. Polk, 
blacksmith, to his uncle Ephraim. In 1722 he purchased from 
Matthew Harmanson and wife a 250 acre tract called Collier's 
Adventure, on the north side of the Nanticoke River, upon 
which he probably lived. 

There is a tradition in the family that \\^illiam married 
his cousin Priscilla Roberts, which is probably correct, for 
in 172;> he and his wife Priscilla. his step-mother and her 
second husband, Joanna and Thos. Hugg, sold the 500 acres 
known as "Friends Deniall" and "Kirkminster" to John Cald 
well, at which time he is recorded as being of "Dorsett Co." — 

William died about Nov. 25, 1726/7 leaving a son, John 
and two daughters, Jane and Anne. These children were 
presumbly named for their grand parents, John Polk and his 
wife Jane, and Anne Polk, who married Francis Roberts. His 
wife did not long remain single, for on May 20, 1727. the in- 
ventory of his estate was filed by her and her second husband. 
Robert Clarkson. The singular feature about this inventory 
is that it was signed by James Cannon, John Pollet, Robert 

82 P O LK F A M I LY A N D K I N S M E N 

Polk and Thos. Polk as "creditors and the next of kin." Robert 
and Thomas Polk were probal:)ly his rirst cuusins, suns of 
Robt. Polk and Grace Guillette. John Pollet was also pro- 
bably his first cousin, a son of his aunt ]\Iartha. How James 
Cannon came to be next of kin, 1 do not know ; ])ut I am in 
clined to think that both he and John Pollet married two of 
the daughters of Robert Polk and Grace Guillette; that W'm. 
Polk, the blacksmith, had purchased from his uncle Rol>ert, 
Low Ridge and Polks Folly and had not completed the pay- 
ment for same; therefore, his uncle Robert's sons and sons- 
in-law appear as creditors and next of kin. 

It is singular that his widow. Priscilla. should ap])ear as 
the wife of Robert Clarkson, May <!<'. 1T<;T, and three weeks 
later, on July 3(J, 1728, she as Priscilla I^olk, "relict and execu- 
trix of W'm. Polk deceased." should ha\e recei\'ed a Ijond from 
her husband's uncle. John Pollet. Sr.. regarding the possil)le 
conflict of land lines. 

What jjecame of his daughters. Jane and Anne, does not 

John Polk, Jr., (of that line) son of W'm. Polk. l:)lacksmith, 
was certainly the one who in Dec. 1T.")<I con\'eyed Colliers Ad- 
venture, which his father William had purchased in ll'l'i. Xo 
thing further is known of this John for certainty, but I am 
inclined to think that he was the same (jne who in 1740 made 
purchase from one Patrick Caldwell of certain lands in Somer- 
set County on the east side of Xanticoke River, about a mile 
below Joanna Hugg, whose first husl)and was John Polk, Sr 


According to persistent tradition, Anne Polk, daughter of 
John, married her first cousin. Edward Roberts, the son of 
Francis Roberts and Ann Polk. She was probably born about 
1.698 and married by the time she was 18 or 20; say in 1715. I 
believe it is her children who are mentioned under the James 
Pollock line, of whom there were four, viz: William. Francis, 
Priscilla and Xancy. Priscilla married a son of David and 
grandson of James Pollock. The first name of her husband 
does not appear, Init she had a son Da\id and a daughter 
Esther, named in her will of 1773. 



One of these sons of Edward Roberts ( William or Francis, 
it does not appear), married his cousin Elizabeth, daughter of 
David and granddaughter of James Pollock. The remaining 
child was called Nancy Xellums in the will of her sister, Pris- 
cilla Pollock, dated Feb. 17?;{. 

'Die intermarriage of the children and grandchildren of 
John Polk, James Pollock and their sister Anne Polk Roberts 
are graphically shown In- the following chart: 



Francis Roberta 




David Pollock 







. Priscilla 




Ellzibeth IMary LovS LieTia 







Poberts iDuett Col- Laws 
1 lins 


The descendants of John Polk seem to have settled either 
in the southern part of Delaware or the adjacent portion of 
Maryland. Unless they had intermarried with some other 
descendants of Robert Bruce Polk, their lines of descent are 
not known, and in fact so far as I can see, I have seen no evi- 
dence that is to my mind conclusive proof of descent from 
John Polk's line. 

There was one A\'m. Polk who married Margaret Taylor. 
Some of his descendants claim that he was a son of John 
Polk and Joanna Ivnox ; that he niarried twice, first his cousin 
Priscilla Roberts, and second Margaret Taylor ; that he sold 
cut his land in Maryland in 1723 and removed to Carlisle, Pa., 
from which point, with his wife and most if not all of his 
children, he moved about 1750 to Xorth Carolina. This claim, 
however, is negatived by a closer examination of the records 
than was made by those who compiled data for the Polk Tree 
published in 1849. 

Certain it is that the \\m. Polk, who married Priscilla 
Roberts had but three children and died in 1726-7; and that 
lie was not the one who married Margaret Taylor, and was 
the ancester of the southern Polks. 

84 P O L K F A M I L V A N D K I N S M E N 


Joseph Pulk (or Pollock) according to all family tradi 
tion and record evidence the youngest son of l\i»])ert I>ruce 
Polk and his wife Alagdalen Polk, was born about and 
died in 1753, aged 71 years, at his home in Dorchester County, 
Maryland. His parents having come to America some years 
before the date of his birth, it is evident that Joseph was a 
native of Somerset County. 

In his will of May 6, 1609, Robert Bruce Polk, naming 
his several children, writes their names Polke. and so signs 
his own name to the instrument. Joseph, it appears, was 
about twenty-two years of age at the time his father deceased. 
To Joseph and David, Capt. Robert Polk devised one-third 
of his "goods and movables ;" and also to David a part of the 
tract of land called "Forlorn Hope." And in case of his 
death before he could purchase a seat for Joseph, then David 
was to give unto him four thousand pounds of tobacco, in 
lieu of the land. Me also confirms unto Joseph the cattle he 
had given to him, "they being in his proper mark." This 
shows that Joseph, even l:)efore he had attained to his ma 
jority, owned cattle on the range and had legally registered 
his brand. 

Joseph evidently continued to live with his mother at 
"White Hall." the manor plantation, until her death 
m 17';i7. During most of that time — as is generally the case 
with mothers and sons so situated — Joseph was no doubt a 
petted, much humored darling of his doting mother; and 
likely influenced by that partiality s'he, in her will of 1720. 
devised to him the Irish estate which she had inherited from 
her father. Col. Tasker. Another inducement thereto is in- 
ferrable from the fact that Joseph's brothers had all acquired 
.substantial estates in Mar\land before her death. 


In her will of 1T26. :\lagdalen. at the beginning, calls 
herself '"Pollock," but signs it Polk, omitting the terminal 
letter "e" that her husband had used in his will of IGlMi). 

■"Aloneen Hall," her Irish estate, consisting of 6()ii acres, 
was evidently all the landed property owned in fee simple 
by ]\Iagdalen before and at her death. After her demise, her 
personal pro^Jerty was divided among her children, and. 
under the English law, the eldest son inherited the manor 
;)lantation. John, said to have been the eldest son. had died 
in 17U7-8, and the next son. William, was the eldest son liv- 
ing in 1727, when his mother ^lagdalen died. As such, there 
fore, he inherited 'A\'hite Hall" and it continued in his line 
for many years afterv\'ard. 

Joseph appears to have taken unto himself a helpmeei; 
in the person of a Aliss AX'right, daughter of Col. Thomas 
Wright, of Dorchester County, by whom he had several 
children. It also appears that he had a second wife, whose 
maiden name is not known, and that she was alive when he 
executed his will of Sept. 12, ITol. In this will he does not 
call her by name. In making her his sole executrix, he calls 
her "my well beloved wife." He also wants his son Robert 
to "dwell with his mother-in-law" ( evidently meaning step- 
mother) until he is 18 years old. or until her marriage. 


The records of the Maryland Land Office show that Capt. 
Robert Bruce Polk and his sons received at various times 
grants of land from the Lords Baltimore, and that the aggre- 
gate of these amounted to about five thousand acres, or more. 
These grants began in 1T85 with a considerable tract to John 
Polk, followed in 1787 with grants to Robert Polk Sr. of 
"Polk's Folly" and "Polk's Lott," amounting to 150 acres. In 
1700 Ephraim Polk received 374 acres. Robert Polk Jr. 2 )() 
acres. In 170.5 James Polk received 2oi) acres, and in 1115 
Ephraim got 2oo acres more. The records show numerous 
other grants to the family up to 1743. 

In this long list of grants there was but one to Joseph 
Polk, viz: "Forlorn Hope's Addition," 90 acres. South Side 
of \\'icomico River, Xov. 15, 1738. This was about the time 


Joseph is said to have returned from Ireland, whither he 
had gone shortly after the death of his mother in lT"-^7, to as- 
sume charge of the estate of "Aloneen Mall" that she devised 
to bim ; and which he finally sold to his aunt Barbara Keys. 
He therefore appears to have remained in Ireland about nine 
or ten years before he returned to America. During that 
interim his name does not appear on the records of ]\Iaryland. 

When he got back to Maryland, however, Joseph pro- 
ceeded to acquire a grant from Lord Baltimore, which he 
did in "Forlorn Blope's Addition." It appears, though, that 
with the proceeds derived from the sale of the Irish estate 
to his aunt Barbara Keys, Jcjseph purchased other lands, 
already improved by first owners. Among these the Dor- 
chester records show the sale by John Handy. Gentleman of 
Somerset, to Joseph Pollock, Planter, of Somerset ;" All of 
"Little Goshen," oOO acres, in Dorchester, about S miles from 
the head of the X. E. branch of Nanticoke river and about 2 
miles westward of a plantation of Christopher Nutter, called 
" alias Ruffe." Surveyed April 23, IGS-t, and patent- 
ed to George Loffield July 15, KiDo." 

On ]\Iarch 16, 1T43, Thomas Xutter of Dorchester con 
ve3'ed to Joseph Pollock of Dorchester: 

"All that part of a tract called "Dublin," about S miles 
from the head of the X. E. branch of Xanticoke river, and 
about 2 miles westward of a plantation of Christopher Xut- 
ter, in Dorchester, and containing 50 acres." 

This tract adjoined Little Goshen and together they gave 
Joseph a homestead of ;35() acres, on which it appears he pro- 
ceeded to "grow old gracefully" during the balance of his 
days, lie did not, like his father and brothers, change his 
name to Polk, but adhered to the ancient and correct form- 
Pollock. As Joseph Pollock, he was devisee in his mother's 
will (if her estate in Ireland. By that name he sold and 
transferred^ the estate, and ever afterwards he adhered to 
the ancient and ])r()per form. 

Joseph Polk was one of the devisees of his brother 
Robert Polk Jr. (fifth son of Robert and Magdalen) in his 
will of Feb. -^l, 17 25, probated May 10, 1727. One item of 
this will is : 



"I give and l)equeath unto my brother Joseph Polk part 
cf "Forlorn Hope," on the Northern end. being- a certain tract 
of land formerly surveyed for Augustin Stanford, and like- 
wise a certain tract of land called "Bally Hack," lying near 
the head of a creek called "Pidgeon House Creek," to him 
and the heirs of his own body fore\'er." 

It will be observed that Robert Polk Jr., as shown by 
the probate of his will, died the same year (1T2T) in which 
his brother James and his mother ]^Iagdalen Polk deceased. 


(Dated Sept. VI, ITol. probated June 10, 1752.) 

In the Name of God Amen, this twelfth day of Septem- 
ber Anno Domini one thousand seven hundred and fifty-one, 
I, Joseph Pollock, of Dorchester County and Province of 
Maryland, Planter, being sick and weak of body. Imt of 
perfect mind and memory, and knowing it is appointed for 
all men to die, do make and ordain this my last Will and 

First. I commend my soul to Almighty God that gave it, 
and my body to I)e buried in a Christianlike manner at the 
discretion of my Executors liereafter named. As touching 
such worldly estate wherewith it hath pleased God to bless 
me with in this world I give, devise and dispose of the same 
in manner and form following. 

Imprimis. 1 give and l)equeath to my well beloved son 
Robert Pollock the westermost end of a tract of land called 
"Little Goshen,"" and likewise a tract of land called "Hor- 
sey's Swamp," containing one hundred acres of land, to him 
and his heirs forever, and in case he dies without heirs, then 
to fall to my youngest son James Pollock, and his heirs for- 
ever, upon the condition of him the said James Pollock pay- 
ing my daughter Ann Pollock the sum of fifty pounds cur- 
rent money of ^Maryland in lieu of the land when 
he shall arrive at the ase of twentv-eight vears of age. I 

88 P O L K F A M I L Y A N D K I N S M E N 

likewise give and bequeath to my son Robert Pollock a young- 
negro boy called Sam, being in full for his part of my estate. 
Item — I give and bequeath to my well beloved son Zeph- 
aniah Pollock the Eastermost end of a tract of land called 
"Little Goshan" to him and his heirs forever, and in case he 
dies without heirs then to fall to my youngest son James 
Pollock and his heirs forever. Likewise my will and desire 
is that the tract of land called "Little Goshan" be equally 
divided between my two sons Robert and Zephaniah Pollock, 
at the discretion of my friend John Pollock son of James 
Pollock, and in case the said Eastermost end of "Goshan" 
should be lost by means of a suit of law then in lieu thereof 
1 give unto him a young negro girl named Fender, but in 
case he obtains the land then the said negro girl Fender to 
be equally divided among my other children. I likewise 
give and bequeath to my son Zephaniah Pollock a gun, in full 
for his part of my estate. 

Item. — I give and bequeath to my eldest daughter Ann 
Pollock a young negro girl named Rose, in full for her part 
of my estate. 

Item. — My will and desire is that my trusty friend lohn 
Pollock after my death may prosecute the suit of law now 
pending between myself and Christopher Nutter and the 
charges thereof to be defrayed out of my estate. 

Item. — I give and bequeath to my son James Pollock all 
my smith tools and the remainder of my estate to be equally 
divided among my other children. 

Item. — I likewise leave my well beloved wife full and 
whole Executrix of this my last Will and Testament and my 
Will and Desire is that my son Robert Pollock may dwell 
with his mother-in-law till he arrives at the age of eighteen 
years or till the day of her marriage, and I do hereby utterly 
disannul and make void all other Wills and Testaments be 
fore this by me in any wise named, ratifying and confirming 
this and no other to be my last Will and Testament. 

In witness I have hereunto set my hand and Seal the 
day and year above written. 

Joseph Pollock (Seal). 


Signed, sealed, pronounced and declared by the said 
Joseph Pollock to be his last Will and Testament, in presence 
of us. 

Charles Rawlins, 
Jacob Layton, 

John J. Xeal. 

On the loth day of June Anno Dom. 1T52 Charles Raw- 
lins and John Xeal two of the subscribing witnesses to the 
aforegoing Will, being duly and solemnly sworn on the Holy 
Evangels of Almighty God depose and say that they saw 
the Testator Joseph Pollock sign the aforegoing Will and 
heard him publish and declare the same to be his last Will and 
Testament. That at the time of his so doing he was to the 
best of their knowledge and apprehension of sound and dis- 
posing mind and memory, and that they, together with the 
above Jacob Layton subscribed their respective names as 
witnesses to the said A\'ill, in the presence of the said Tes- 
tator and at his request, which Oath was taken by the said 
Witnesses in the presence of John Pollock, as friend and Trus- 
tee to the heir at law appointed by the Dec'd which same John 
Pollock did not object to the probate of the said Will, etc. 

Certified per 

Jam Auld, 

D. COM. D. C. 

From the above instrument it will be observed that the 
testator Joseph Pollock left a wife, most likely his second 
one, at his death. That she was probably not then an old 
woman, and likelv to marrv again, as he wishes his son 
Robert to "dwell with his mother-in-law" (meaning step- 
mother) "until he arrives at the age of eighteen years, or, 
till the day of her marriage." Joseph does not call the name 
of his wife, an omission noticeable in nearly all the wills of 
that period. That Robert was his eldest son is evident from 
the fact that he gave to him and to Zephaniah, equally, the 
lands of "Little Goshan" (the manor plantation) and '*Hor- 
ley's Swamp," with reversion, in case of leaving no heirs, 
to the youngest son. James Pollock. The latter was quite 

90 P L K F A M I L y A N D K I N S M E N 

likely by the second wife. Ann he calls his "eldest daugh- 
ter/' and evidently she also was by his first wife, Miss Wright. 
The inference is that, by his use of the words "eldest 
daughter,'" he had other female children. But. if so, he di 1 
not call their names. 

Unquestionable proof that Joseph Pollock's first wife, 
Miss Wright, was the mother of his eldest children, Robert 
and Ann, is afforded by the will of Col. Thomas Wright, dated 
Feb. S, 1753, and probated Feb. 2Tth, following, in Somerset 
County. In this will he gives to his grandchildren Ann Polk 
and Robert Polk. 1 shilling each." It is observable that he 
does not call them Pollock, but Polk. The bequests to them 
were paltry sums and their only value is in the record they 
have helped to preserve of the line of Joseph. Had the other 
two children of Joseph, Zephaniah and James, also been 
children of Miss Wrig'ht, Col. Wright would have given 
them a shilling each, as his purpose seems merely to have 
been compliance with a legal requirement, without which 
the grandchildren wmikl have had greater claims on his 
estate. As Col. \\ right did not mention Zephaniah and 
James, it is evident that they were l:)y Joseph's second wife, 
who survived her husl)and. 

A])uut two years after her father's death Ann left the 
}tarental roof, being married on Dec. "24, 1754, to Daniel 
^Morris, Jr., who resided near the eastern boundrv of Dor- 
chester and close to the Sussex County, Delaware line. With 
Daniel Morris, Jr.. her husband, and others of the Alorris, 
Hopkins, Nutter and P'olk families Ann emigrated to Kentucky 
in Nov., 1793. Among the slaves she brought was this negro 
girl Rose, wliO' is called "Old Rose" in the will of Ann's hus- 
band, Danel Morris Jr., of record in the Clerk's ofifice of Fayette 
County. Kentucky. This will is dated May 1. 1SU2, and was 
probated at Lexington, at December Court, ISOG. In it he 
directs that "( )1(1 Rose" have her choice as to which of hi:^ 
children she should wish t / li\e witli. 

Ann (I'ojlock) Abirris died in June. ISKJ. near Pavne's 
De])(it, i-^cdtt County, and was ])uried beside her husl)and 
Daniel Morris jr., in tlie Morris family graveyard. For 
furtliei- information about her see same under head of Eph- 



raim Polk ;3d., who married her daughter Rhoda Ann ^Morris 
Vv'hat became of Joseph Pollock's three other children 
named in his will — Zephaniah, Robert and James — we liave no 
knowledge. The name Zephaniah has come down the line for 
more than a century, cropping out a number of times in the 
Kentucky and Indiana Morris families. Likewise the name 
Robert and James, still more frequently. 

By those who knew her, Ann (Pollock) Morris is de- 
scribed as a large woman, with great energy individually and 
in matters of business. She reared a family of twelve child- 
ren to maturity, and most of these marrying, have left a 
numerous progeny in Kentucky and other Central Western 


The following record of the family is copied from the 
old Morris family Bible. 

Daniel Morris Sr. born in Sussex County. Del. 17 — , died 
there al)out 1785. Among his children were: 

1. Daniel Morris Jr.. b. 17 — ; married Ann Pollock 
Dec. 21, 175L 

2. A daughter, b. abt. 17 — ; married Wm. ]\lcXitt, in 
Del. They also emigrated to Kentucky al)out 17 93. 

3. David Morris, I), abt. 17 — ; married Miss Shotwell, 
emigrated to Kentuckv in 1788, and settled at ^^layslick. Ma- 
son County, where he established a tavern for the entertain- 
ment of the great numlDer of emigrants arriving at Limestone 
(now Maysville) and bound for Central Kentucky. 

Concerning the marriage of a cousin of David Morris' 
wife, Collins History of Kentucky, under the chapter on ]\Ta- 
son County, says the first five settlers at ^lay slick in 1788 
were Al^raham. Cornelius and Isaac Drake, of Plainfield, N. 
J. (brothers), David Morris and John Shotwell, with their 
families. David Morris' wife was a sister of Shotwell and 
Isaac Drake's wife and her grown sister. Miss Lydia, their 
cousins, daughters of Banjamin Shotwell. Isaac Drake had 
two children. Daniel, (afterwards the celebrated Dr. Daniel 
Drake) and Elizabeth, afterwards Mrs. Glenn. They came 
together by boat, landing June 10, 1788, at "The Point," 

92 P O L K F A M I L y A N D K I N S .1/ B N 

Maysville, thence to their new purchase and future home. 
Here they built iive cabins, each of which was one story 
high, with wooden chimney, puncheon floor, clapboard roof, 
and portholes. The Indians at that time were making fre- 
quent incursions into Kentucky and the pioneers were kept 
constantly on the alert. In the spring of 1790 the savages 
fired on some campers near Alayslick and one man was killed 

"In 1T1»1, ]\Iiss Lydia Shotwell was married (the first 
marriage in Mayslick) a number of friends from \\^ashington 
and others coming to the wedding armed. During the wed- 
ding, an alarm was given — of an Indian attack on a wagon, 
five miles out on the Lexington road. The armed men mount 
cd their horses and galloped oft rapidly to the scene. It 
proved to be a false alarm — the first wedding sell in Mason 
County, and rather serious to be appreciated." 

It will be noticed that the children of Ephraim Polk 3d 
trace back to Robt. and Magdalen Polk through two branches. 
First Ephraim third, Ephraim second, Ephraim first, Robert 
and Magdalen. Second — Rhoda (Morris) Polk (wife of Eph- 
raim 3d) daughter of Daniel Morris Jr. and his wife Ann 
Pollock, daughter of Jose]:)h Polhjck (youngest son of Rol^ert 
and Magdalen) and his wife ^liss Wright of Maryland. 


Capt. Robert Ih'uce Polk and his wife Magdalen (Tasker- 
Porterj Polk's family was composed of seven sons and two 
daughters, according to all family traditions and other evi- 
dence. These two daughters, as shown l)y Robert Lruce 
Polk's will of 1(3!)9, were Ann and Martha. All the old com- 
pilers of the Polk family records and the 1S4!) Polk Tree 
give the name Margaret instead of Martha, and this error 
w^as acce])ted until the discovery a few years since of Capt. 
Robert's will, showing daughters Ann and Martha, l)ut no 

Of the lines and descendants of these two daughters, w^e 
have obtained I)ut little account from those to whom we ap- 
plied. Their families seem to have scattered afar from the 
old stam])ing ground, their trails l)eing lost in the mazes of 
the ensuing vears. A few we learn vet remain in Somerset. 


What we have been able to learn of these two daughters 
can "be quickly related, viz : 

Ann Polk was presumably the third child — at least one 
among the eldest — of Robt. and [Magdalen Polk. She was 
born about 1G69, in Ireland, and was a little tot when her 
parents emigrated to America in order to secure a larger 
field for the exercise of political and religious liberty. 

It appears also that Ann died before reaching middle 
life. She was married about 1690 (maybe sooner) and pre- 
sumably she was dead in 1699, judging from the fact that 
she is not mentioned in her father's will, while her sister 
]\Iartha is given a devise. 

The first husband of Ann was Francis Roberts, a planter, 
cf Dame's Quarter, by whom she had children Edward and 
Priscilla. Edward grew to manhood and married his first 
cousin. Xancy. daughter of his uncle John Polk, first son of 
Robert and Magdalen. Priscilla Roberts married William 
Polk, brother of Xancy. The names of AA'illiam and Priscilla 
(Roberts) Polk erroneously appear on the Polk family tree 
compiled and published in l(S-±9. The wrong William was 
inadvertently gotten into the line. 

Francis Roberts died but a few years after marriage to 
Ann and she appears of record as Executrix, to settle his 
estate, w^ith Thomas Pollitt and John Polk as bondsmen. As 
a second husband. Ann chose John Renshaw. Jr.. who sub- 
sequently joined in Ann's bond concerning the estate of 
Francis. A\'hether or not Ann had issue by this latter union, 
we cannot say. It is more than likely that she did. 


Martha Polk, second daughter of Robert and Magdalen 
Polk, was born in ^Maryland about 1679, and married Thomas 
Pollitt of Somerset. As she was called '"^My daughter Mar- 
tha" by Capt. Robert Polk in his will of 1699, and given one 
third of his "moveables." it is probable that at that time she 
was still single and a member of his household. In a codicil 
to his will, he says: "and I desire that Martha Poock (Polk) 
may have liberty to let her cattle run on the plantatinn until 
she gets a place," etc. 


The witnesses to the will of Magdalen Polk, of April 7, 
1726, were David Polk, William Pollitt and Magdalen Pollitt. 
The two latter, no doubt, were children of ]\lartha and Thomas 
Pollitt. She also had two other children, John and Mary, 
as the records show. 

Thomas Pollitt dying, Martha took as a second husband 
Richard Tull, of Dame's Quarter, and the official records show 
that she was his wife in 1710. If they left issue, we have no 
record of the fact. 


The records, and the investigations made in 1S40, and re- 
cently by the present writer, show that of Robert and Magda- 
len's sons, \\'illiam has the greatest numl^er of descendants 
and Ephraim next. Those of the former largely reside in 
Maryland and include the Winders and other noted families 
of that section. Those who emigrated to North Carolina 
were also exceedingly prolific and are scattered all over the 
South and Southwest. The descendants of Ephraim are found 
principallv in Delaware, Kentucky, Indiana, Missouri and other 
states of the West, and everywhere they have gone to the 
front and become leaders in civic and military affairs. 

A\'m. Polk, 2nd, appears to 'have been the eldest son of 
William Polk, Sr., and his wife Nancy (Knox) Owens, who 
was the widow of William Owens of Somerset County, and 
the reputed sister of Joanna Knox, the second wife and wndow 
cf John Polk, Sr. By Nancy, A\'illiam Sr., had another son, 
Charles Polk, who became an Indian trader on the Alaryland 
frontier and died in Vi~^'^. One of the latter's sons, Capt. 
Charles Polk, a noted border officer, emigrated to Kentucky 
in 17S0, and thence to Indiana in ISdS, dying there in l.S-23. 

Wm. Polk, '2(1, after a sojourn of some years at Carlisle, 
Pa., married there Miss Margaret Taylor, and between 1740 
and IT-")*) emigrated to North Carolina, dying there about 
1753, according Id the statement of Mrs. Susan Smart to 
Bishop I'clk in 1848. 




William Polk 3d (eldest son of William Polk and Alargaret 
Taylor Polk), was twice married. The names of his wives are 
not preserved. By his first marriage he had two sons: 
^Thomas and -John. By his second marriage, he had a son 
P^zekiel. The latter became an Ensign in one of the infantry 
regiments of the United States Army and died in 1791. as ap- 
r ej-rs by Meitman's Register. 

Thomas Polk, eldest son of \\'illiam Polk by nis first wife 
was generally called "Colonel" Thomas Polk. He married 
Mary Shelby, a sister of Reese and Thomas Shelby, and said 
to have been a sister of General Evan Shelby, father of Gov- 
ernor Isaac Shelby, hero of King's Mountain and the Thames, 
and twice Governor of Kentucky. The parents of Mary 
Snelby, says Miss Garrett in her Polk sketches, resided just 
across the South Carolina line, in the Chesterfield District 
(now county), and died there. Thomas Polk and his wife 
Mary, lived on Watson's Creek, but later removed to Richard- 
son's Creek, at what was called little Mountain. After hi- 
settlement there it became known as "Polk's Mountain," and 
he died there in 1842. In 1880 the name of the mountain was 
changed to "Gibraltar." Colonel Thomas and Mary (Shelby) 
Polk had issue: ^Shelby. -Andrew. -"'Thomas. ^Jobe, ^Hannah. 
^Dicy. 'Patsy. ^Mary, ^Elizabeth. 

The eldest. Shelby Polk, married \\'innifred Collnirn. He 
emigrated to Tennessee in 18i;3 and left numerous descendants, 
some of whom went to Texas in the days of the Republic. 
Shelby died about 1847 leaving issue: ^Esther. -Ileadley, 
^Thomas, n^1llian^, ^"^Shelby, «^Iary. 'Eliza. 

Esther (daughter of Shelby and Winnifred Polk), married 
A\'hitman Colburn. and had issue: ^Lucinda and -\\'innifred 
(twins). ^James Lerov, nA'illiam Headly Colburn. Lucinda 

96 P O L K F A M I L V A N D K I iV S M E N 

married John Grayham and they emigrated to Texas, having 
issue: ^Randolph. -Ophelia, ^Thomas, fPrice. -Uleadley and 
'^Elilur Grayham. AVinnifred Colburn (twin sister of Lncinda) 
married Andrew Webb and emigrated to Arkansas. They had 
issue : ^Lucinda. -James, and several more children. 

James Leroy Colburn (son of Esther and Whitman Col- 
burn) married Margaret Bradford. He removed to Tennessee 
and left children. 

William Headley Col])urn (son of Esther Polk and Whit- 
man Colburn), married ^^largaret Doyle. They removed to 
Tennessee and left children. 

Headley Polk, second child and eldest son of Shelby Polk 
and Winnifred (Colburn) Polk, was born in North Carolina 
in 1S12, and removed to Texas in 1845. He married Eliza 
Sebastian, of the well known Sebastian family of Tennessee 
She was a cousin of Hon. W. K. Sebastian, U. S. Senator from 
Arkansas. The children of Headley Polk and Eliza (Sebast- 
ian) Polk were: ^James Dallas, -John Robert, ^Alartha O.. 
^Anna S., '^Sally E., and ^'^lary E. Polk. 

John Robert Polk married Kate Woods and they had 
issue: ^Iver May, -Katie B., '^Annie, ^Euphia, ^Dallas L., and 
«Headley Polk. 

]\Iartha O. Polk (daughter of Headley Polk and Eliza 
Sebas'tian Polk), married B. Harris and had issue: ^Robert P., 
-Headley Bruce, '''Lena and "^Evan Harris. 

Sallie E. Polk, daughter of Headley Polk and Eliza (Se- 
bastian) Polk, married E. A. Brackney, dying and leaving one 
child, Ladie Polk Brackney. 

Alary F. Polk, daughter of Headley Polk and Eliza 
(Sebastian) Polk, married B. Lyell. 

Thomas Polk, son of Shelby Polk and A\'innifred (Col- 
1 urn ) Polk, married Elizabeth Braddy. They had issue: 
'Citizen, -Charles. ''Wallace. *Dora and ''Sallie Polk. Charles 
and Citizen Polk were soldiers in the Confederate Army, in 
the Civil War. and were killed in ]:)attle. 

Dora Polk, daughter of Thomas and Elizabeth (Braddy) 
Polk, married ^\r. Tillman. Her sister, Sallie Polk, married 
Mr. Wilson. Their issue not learned. 


William i'ulk, son of Shelby and Wlnnifred (Colburn) 
Polk, married Elizabeth Bradford. He was a soldier in the 
Confederate Army. Issue: ^Winfora, -Shelby, ^Marchal, 
^Thomas, •''Robert. W'inafora married Richard McKinney and several children. Shelby Polk, second child of William 
Polk and Elizabeth (Bradford) Polk, married a Aliss Lock- 
man. Anna Polk, daughter of Headley and Winnifred Polk 
died unmarried. 

Shelby Polk (fifth child of Shelby Polk and Winnifred 
Colburn Polk), died unmarried. 

Alary Polk, sixth child of Shelby Polk and A\'innifred 
(Colburn) Polk, married Xathan Rodgers: Issue: HMnnifred 
AL, -Alary A.. •■^Oclatia. "^Charles E.. "^Ella. «Octavia. 

Eliza Polk seventh child of Shelby Polk and Winnifred 
(Coll)urn) Polk, married William G. Xackolls. They had 
issue: ^Charles E., -Alary (J., "W^illiam L. and ^Lenora Z 

Charles E. Xackolls married , and had issue. 

Alary O. Xackolls married R. V. Vinson and had issue ; 
^Carl and -Xora. 

William L. Xackolls married Georgia Fair and had one 
child, W illiam C. Xackolls. 

Lenora Z. Xackolls. youngest child of William G. Xack- 
olls and Eliza ( Polk ) Xackolls, married James Barnett and 
died leaving one child. William G. Barnett. 

Andrew Polk, second son of Col. Thomas Polk and Alary 
(Shelby) Polk, was twice married; first to Aliss Caraway. He 
settled on Big Brown Creek (later Polkton) where three chil- 
dren were born to him by his first wife : ^Thomas J., -James K.. 
and -^Alarshall Polk. Thomas married and left several chil- 
dren, who reside in Xorth Carolina. James K. emigrated to 
Texas and died there. Alarshall Polk married and resides 
at Polkton, X. C. He has several children. One of them. 
Aliss Ella Polk, resides at Columbia, S. C. 

Andrew Polk's second wife was Lorena Autery, by whom 
he had one child, the late Col. L. L. Polk, of Raleigh. X. C, 
President of the Xational Farmers' Alliance. He also estab- 
lished a newspaper to advocate the principles of the Farmers' 
Alliance and was a man of marked ability as a writer and 

98 P O LK F A M I L Y A N D K I N S M E N 

speaker. lie died in 18!J1, in Washington City. He married 
]\Iiss Gaddy, of North Carolina. 

Thomas Polk (third son of Col. Thomas Polk and 2\lary 
Shelby Polk), married Sarah Brooks and inherited his father's 
old homestead. Of his sons, two of them, Marshall and 
Shelby, were killed in the Confederate Army, and two died 
after the war — William and Andrew. Thomas J. inherited 
the homestead and there are several other children who reside 
in Anson and Union Counties, X. C. 

Jobe Polk (son of Col. Thomas and Mary Polk), never 

Hannah P\jlk (eldest daughter of Col. Thomas Polk and 
^lary Shelby Polk), was twice married. Her first husljand 
was a AFr. Sides, by whom she had one child, Hannah. Her 
second husband was Adam Long, by whom s'he had three 
sons, Thomas, Henry and Adam Long; also several daughters. 
Hannah (Polk) Long lived to the age of ninety years. 

Dicey Polk, second daughter of Col. Thomas Polk and 
Alary (Shelby) Polk, married Francis Colburn. They emi- 
grated to Tennessee, in which state such a large number of the 
Polks and their connections had previously settled. 

Patsy Polk, third daughter of Col. Thomas Polk and 
Mary (Shelby) Polk, married William Crittenden. They also 
i"emo\-ed from North Carolina to Tennessee. 

.Mary I 'oik. fourth daughter of Col. Thomas Polk and 
Marv (Shelby) Polk, married Aaron Little and settled in that 
])art of Anson County now known as Union. She died in 18(52, 
leaving a family of ten children. Armstead Little was killed 
at the battle of S]iar])sburg, Aid., in 1S62, leaving a widow 
and si.\ children. Lina Little, second child of Aaron Little 
and .Mary (I'olk) Little, married Jal)ez Williams and died in 
1855, ]ea\ ing one daughter. 

Manila Little, third child of .\aron Little and Alary (Polk^ 
Little, married Tillman Green. They left a numerous family. 

Klizabeth Little, fourth child of Aaron Little and Alary 
(I'olk) Little, married .\rchibald Helms. They had several 

Soplii;i Ij'ttle, fifth child of Aaron Little and ALary (Polk) 
Little, nian-icd .Xoah I'.arbec. Thcv had several children. 

POLK FAMILY A X D K I A' ^^ .1/ £ N 99 

Thomas B. and James L. Little, were twins of Aaron and Mary 
(Polkj Little. Thomas B. removed to Arkansas; James L. 
married in North Carolina and had several children, one of 
whom, Mary E. P., married Alfred J. Austin. Rosana and 
Penelope Little (twins); and Sarena and IMinerva Little 
(twins) of Aaron and ]\Iary (Polk) Little. 

Penelope Little, daughter of Aaron and ]\lary (Polk) 
Little, married W. H. Austin and had ten children who attain- 
ed maturity, viz: ^Henry W. Austin, unmarried; -Mary La- 
\ enia Austin, married U. A. Davis; "Belinda \'ictoria Austin, 
married Jacob C. Griffin, and had four sons ; '^Francis Pene- 
lope Austin, married E. L. Helms and had three sons; ^John 
Aaron Austin married Hattie Austin, and had four sons; 
*^Sarah Austin; 'James C. Austin; **Ida Serena Austin; ^Alex- 
ander T. Austin ; ^^Daisy B. Austin. 

Sarena Little, daughter of Aaron and Alary (Polk) Little, 
married J. H. Little and at her death left a large family. 

Elizabeth I'olk. youngest child of Col. Thomas Polk and 
Alary (Shelby) Polk, married Richmond AIcAIanus of South 
Carolina. At her death she left two daughters. 

John Polk, second son of William Polk (by his first wife), 
married and located on Crooked Creek in that part of Anson 
now known as L^nion County, where he died leaving several 
daughters. One of them. Alargaret. married J. Peter Hager ; 
another married John Hager. and their descendants reside in 
Xorth Carolina and other states. 

100 P O LK F A M I LY AND K I A' S M E N 


Charles Polk, second son of William Polk and Alargaret 
(Taylor) Polk, was married in 1T5I) (the year the family emi- 
prated from Pennsylvania to Xorth Carolina ) to Polly Clark, 
by whom he had hye sons, yiz : ^Thomas Polk, -Charles Polk, 
•'Shelby Polk, n\'illiam Polk and -^Alike Polk. 

Debora Polk, second daughter of William Polk and Mar- 
garet (Taylor) Polk, married Samuel ^^IcLary and left issue. 

Charles Polk, second son of Charles Polk and I'oliy 
(Clark) Polk, was a soldier in the Reyolution from Xorth 
Carolina. He married and had three sons ; Cc>l. Wm. Polk 
Charles Polk and another son left descendants. 

Susan Polk, third daughter of William Polk and ^largaret 
(Taylor) Polk, married Benjamin Alexander, by wdiom she 
had six children: ^Thomas, -Charles, ^Susan, ^William, •''Ben- 
jamin, "^Taylor. William Alexander was a Captain and a dis- 
tinguished ofticer of the Xorth Carolina Line, in the Reyo- 
lutionary War. ( )n account of his dark complexion he was 
called "lUack I '.ill" and was noted for his \'alor on the field. 
J John l*olk, fourth son of William Polk and Margaret 

(Taylor) Polk, was born near Carlisle. Pa., about 1740 — pos- 
sibly earlier. He was a soldier in the Reyolution and ac- 
quitted himself with gallantry. He married Eleanor Shelby, 
a daughter of Major Evan Shelby, son of Gen"l Evan Shelby. 
Eleanor was a kinswoman of Mary Shelby, who married Col. 
Tho.-. I'olk. John Polk and his wife Eleanor (Shelby) Polk 
had issue: ^Charles Polk, -Shelby Polk, ^'Taylor Polk. "'John 
Polk. ■'I'dcanor. 

Taylor Polk, third -^on of John and Eleanor (Shelby) 
polk, married Jency Walker, a daughter of Alexander Walker, 
of Kentucky. They had seven children, viz: ^Benjamin Polk, 
^Taylor P,.ik. ''James Polk. -^Cumberland Polk. •WVilliam Polk 
"Alfred Polk, "Jency Polk. 


Benjamin Polk, eldest son of Taylor Polk and Jency 
(\\'alker) Polk, married Peggy Boatright and had issue: 
ijency Polk. -Benjamin Polk. '"James Polk. ^Charles Polk. 
•n\'ill'iam Polk, •^Richard Polk. 'Priscilla Pulk. They all died 
in childhood. 

Taylor Polk, second son of Taylor Polk and Jency (Walk- 
er) Polk, married Prudence Anderson and had ten children, 
viz : ^Anderson Polk, -Eleanor Polk, ^Cumberland Polk. 
■*Sarah Delaney Polk. ■'*3,Ii'tche!l Polk. ''Sylvester Walker Polk, 
'Henry Clay Polk. ^Taylor Polk. -'Prudence Polk. i"Alfred 
Polk. ' 

Anderson Polk, eldest son of Taylor Polk and Prudence 
(Anderson) Polk, was married three times. By his tirst wife, 
Eliza Epperson, he had children: ^Henry Polk, who married 
Ellen Deathrow ; -Sarah Polk, who married John Huddleston ; 
"Jane Polk, who married Thomas Huddleston ; ^Sylvester Polk^ 
who married Sarah Intz. 

Anderson Polk's second wife was Martha ^lartin. by 
whom he had issue; ^Texana Polk, who married Thomas 
Williamson ; "^Alatilda Polk, who married James Joplin ; 
'Thomas Polk, who married Annie Matlock, *^Prudence Polk, 
who died unmarried. 

Anderson Polk's third wife was Susan Laughey and they 
had issue: ''Alartha Polk, who married Jefferson Bugg; 
^"Almeda Polk, who married Charles Cruger. 

Eleanor Polk, second child of Taylor Polk and Prudence 
(Anderson) Polk, married Daniel Huddleston and had issue. 
^Prudence, who married Joseph Story; -Daniel, who married 
^liss Steinson ; "Jane, who married Closes Waterman; 
^Rachel, who married Jefiferson Cunningham ; -"^T. J. Huddles- 
ton. who married Jane Polk: 'Tvatherine. who married James 

Cumberland Polk, third child of Taylor Polk and Pru- 
dence (Anderson) Polk, married Almeda Blackwood, and had 
issue : ^Prudence, who married James Stanford ; -Taylor, who 
married Ellen Griggs; '^Caldona. who married Robert Priest; 
^Lucinda. who married John Houston ; -"^Lawrence, who mar- 
ried Penelope Rose ; ''^Samuel, who married Alonza Tracy ; and 


"John, *^Sylvester, ''Henry and ^"'W'esley, all of whom died 

Sarah Delany Polk, fourth child of Taylor Polk and Pru- 
dence (Anderson) Polk, married Capt. T. G. Epperson and had 
issue: ^Henry Peyton, who married Miss Rowles ; -Mary, who 
married Blount Bullock ; =^TayIor, who married Victoria Bush ; 
Isabella, who married George Jacobs ; -^Emma, who married 
Ira Cobb. 

Mitchell Polk, fifth child of Taylor Polk and Prudence 
(Anderson ) Polk, died unmarried. 

Sylvester Walker Polk, sixth child of Taylor Polk and 
Prudence (Anderson) Polk, married Sarah Large and had 
issue: Msom. who married Lucy Miller; -Victoria, who mar- 
ried H. O. Brockmann; ^Paschal, who married Hannah Jones; 
^Isadore, who married ^\^ R. Copps ; ''David, who married 
Jane Burnett ; ''Laura, who married L. D. Burnett ; ^Alpha, 
who married John Lindsey ; ^Maud, who married W. L. Koth- 
mann ; '^Claude. 

Henry Clay Polk, seventh child of Taylor Polk and Pru- 
dence (Anderson) Polk, married Mary A. Dickson and had 
issue : ^Henry, who married xA.nne Gould ; -David, who died 
single; -'^Emma. who died single; '^Alice, who married Dr. G. B. 
Green ; ^John, who married Susan Brown ; ^'Anna. who married 
John Hawkins; 'Lela. who married Dr. John Brown; ^Betty, 
who died single ; "Roxy ; ^'^'Leon. 

Taylor Polk, 8rd, eighth child of Taylor Polk and Pru- 
dence (Anderson) Polk, married Mary Petty and had issue: 
M^aura. -Augusta. ^Mollie, who married T. ^^^ Poole; •*James. 
who married Mary Allison; ''"*^Leta and Lota, tw^ins; "Henry, 
'^Lenn. "Myrtle, who married Richard Shegog; ^'^Beverly. 

Prudence Polk, ninth child of Taylor Polk and Prudence 
(Anderson ) INilk. married Benjamin R. Dickson and had issue;- 
'Charles, who married Carrie Young; -]\Iinnie. who married 
Dr. ( )scar Smitli : "'William, "'I'earl, who married Russell \\'il- 
liams; 'I'Ulicl, who married George Holland. 

Alfred I'olk, tenth child of Taylor Polk and Prudence (An- 
derson ) I'olk, married Sarah Wilson and had issue; ^Sylvester, 
-lUni. ■■■•, '♦James Polk. 

POLK FAMILY A N D K 1 .V S .1/ E N 103 

James Polk, third child of Taylor Polk, 1st, and Jency 
(^^'alker) Polk, was twice married; first to Aliss Trammell; 
second tu Miss Sallie Cox, and had issue: ^Jency, -Bettie, 
^Franklin, '^James, •'^Cumberland. 

Jenc}', eldest child of James Polk Ijy his first wife, married 
Fielding Tweedle. Isstie: one son, William Tweedle, who 
died single. 

Bettie Polk, second child of James Polk by his first wife, 
married ^lartin Xewman and had issue: ^Jas. F. Newman, 
-]^Iary Xewman. 

James F. Xewman married Josephine Rushing and had 
issue : ^Alfred, -Arthur, ^Ira. 

]\Iarv Xewman married Thomas Trammell and had issue; 
^Janies P., -Walter T.. and ^Bertie Trammell. 

James P. Trammell married his cousin Mattie L. Polk, 
and had issue. Thos. G. Trammell. 

Franklin Polk, son of James Polk by his first wife, married 
Jane Rider and at his death left issue. 

James Polk, fourth son of James Polk, and eldest son by 
second wife, Sallie Cox, married Lizzie Roberts and left issue 

Cumberland Polk, son of James and Sallie (Cox) Polk, 
married Laura Kirk and had issue: \Tames, -Lizzie, ^Annie, 
^Frank, -^Mattie. "Louis, 'Minnie. 

Lizzie, second child of Cumberland Polk and Laura (Kirk^ 
Polk, married D. L. Xorman and had two children : ^Cecil, 

:\Iattie Polk, fifth child of Cumberland Polk and Laura 
(Kirk) Polk, married James P. Trammell, her cousin. 

Cumberland Polk, fourth child of Taylor Polk and Jency 
(Walker) Polk, married Xancy Cox, (sister of Sallie Cox. 
who married James, brother of Cumberland Polk). Nancy 
and Sallie were daughters of Joel Cox and Frances (Bartlett^l 
Cox of Kentucky. Cumberland and Xancy (Cox) Polk had 
issue: ^Lucinda, -Lucretia, '•Marshall Alexander, -^Elias Rector, 
nVilliam Jackson. ^'Louisa Jane, "Louis Taylor, '^Jency. ''Pru- 
dence, i^AIary, ":\Iartha. ^-James Knox. Lucinda, eldest child 
of Cumberland and Nancy (Cox) Polk, died in infancy. 

Lucretia, second child of Cumberland and Nancy (Cox) 


Polk, married Edmond Cearley (spelled Kerley in colonial 
times) and had issue. 

Samuel Reyburn, who died unmarried; Xewton Fleming, 
who died unmarried. 

jMary Jane and Cuml)erland, wlio died in infancy. 

•''Louisa Elizabeth, who married George Babcock, but left 
no issue; ''Cyrus Granville, who died unmarried; '''John Brack- 
ville; ^Emma Cornelia, who married Judge F. AI. Angelloti, 
of San Rafael. California, and had issue : ^Frank L. Angellotti, 
who died in infancy ; -^ilarion Polk Angellotti. 

■'Charles Talent, who married Jennie Mangrum and had 
one child, ^lila Mangrum Cearley Polk. 

IMarshall Alexander Polk, third child of Cumljerland Polk 
and Nancy (CoxJ Polk, died in childhood. Elias Rector Polk, 
fourtli child of Cumberland Polk and Xancy (Cox) Polk, 
died unmarried. He was a Confederate soldier in Kenard's 
legiment. and died from wounds received in jjattle. 

A\'illiam Jackson Polk, fifth child of Cumberland Polk and 
Xancy (Cox) Polk, married Esther Woodward, and had issue: 
^Thomas, -Julia. William Jackson was also a Cr)nfederate 
soldier and died from disease contracted in the army. 

Louise Jane Polk, sixth child of Cumberland Polk and 
Nancy (Cox) Polk, married Rev. E. J. Billington and had issue; 
^Lucretia. -Ezekiel Jackson, ^Julia. 

Louis Taylor Polk, se\'enth child of Cumberland I^olk and 
X'ancy (Cox) Tolk, died unmarried. He was killed in 1S62. 
in the Confederate Army, at the l)attle of .Vrkansas Post. He 
was a member of Col. Nelson's regiment. 

Jency Polk, eighth child of Cumberland Polk and X'^ancy 
(Coxj Polk, married William O'Xeal, and had issue: ^Xancy, 
who married l\ol)ert Ross; -Gussie, who married Elisha Ross; 
^Prudence, who married William Ross; ^John. unmarried at 
la-t accounts, l)Ut on the lookout for a Ross. 

I'midcnce i'olk, ninth cliild of Cuml)erlan(l Polk and X'ancy 
(Cox) I'olk. married h^'cderick Jones and had tw(j children: 
''Mary, wlio married William White ; -William. 

Alary Ann. tenth child of Cumberland Polk and X^ancy 
(Cox) I'olk'. married Charles Jackson, but had no issue. 

Al.'irtlia l\ii])in-('n I'olk. eleventh child of Cumberland 


Polk and Xancy (Cox) Polk, married Handy A\'alker and had 
issue: \|encv. -James, "^Ella. 

James Polk, twelfth child of Cumberland Polk and Xancy 
(Cox) Polk, never married. 

A\"illiam Polk, fifth child of Taylor Polk and Jency (Wal- 
ker; Polk married two cousins. Misses Grififith. By the first 
he had two sons. Levi and Cumberland. Both of these young 
men joined the Confederate army and fell in battle. By his 
second marriage \\'illiam Polk had no issue and his line be- 
came extinct. 

Alfred Polk, sixth child of Taylor Polk and Jency (Wal- 
ker) Polk, married twice; first to Irene Chandler; second to 
]\Irs. Ricketts. By the first he had issue: \Tames. -Josiah, 
"Mary J., who married W. W. Garner; ^]\Iitchell A.. ■''Caroline, 
who married L. Dennis; ''Benjamin. 'Samuel, ^Almeda, who 
married J. X'. Stancill ; -'Young C. Polk. 

Bv his second marriage, to ]\Irs. Ricketts. Alfred Polk 
had issue; i^Robert P.. ^^Wm. P.. ^-'Richard T. Polk. 

Jency Polk, seventh child i)f Taylor Polk and Jency (Wal- 
ker) Polk, married ?\Iitchell Anderson, a brother to Prudence 
Anderson, who married Taylor Polk. •2nd. Issue; ^Fannie. 
2James, ^^Mitchell, -^Benjamin, ^Abraham. '^Eliza. '^Stacy. ^Tane, 
^Henry. ^"^Taylor Anderson. 

James [Mitchell. Benjamin and Abraham Anderson, all 
quite young, enlisted in the Confederate army and were all 
killed in battle. The other children of [Mitchell Polk have not 
been traced. The God of Battles certainly laid a heavy hand 
on this familv. 




Margaret Polk, sixth child of William Polk and Margaret 
(Taylor) Polk, married Robert McRea, of North Carolina, and 
had eleven children: nVilliam. -Debora, •''James P., ^Susan, 
^Dinah, ^Margaret, 'Thomas, ^Harriett, s^ichard, lOWilliam, 
".Mary McRea. ^^^'^ 

William :\IcRea, eldest son of Robert McRea and Marga- 
ret (Polk) McRea, married and had issue: ^William, -David, 
"James, ^Margaret, ^Banks, ^^Richard, "^Robert, ^Josephine Mc- 

Debora McRea, second child of Robert McRea and Mar- 
garet ( Polk) McRea, married Wm. Campbell and had nine 
children, viz.: ^Mary, -Jane. ^Debora, ''Robert, -^Margaret, 
^William, ^Harriet, ^John, and ''Andrew Campbell. 

James P. McRea, third child of Robert and Mar-^jr-ret 
(Polk) McRea, married and emigrated to Tennessee, and had 
a family of ten children, viz.: ^Margaret, -Robert, •''Sarah/^ARIA)^ 
^Mary, •\\dam, •'Jamesi 'William, ^Eugene, ''Rebecca, ^^'Julia 
McRea. , „ Vf^^^^c.A Ht<..=^^ p^^^vapd 

vSarah^the third child of James P. ^IcRea, of Tennessee,' ^j -^^-x 
I married ^e^^^— Clay and left issue : ^Margaret, -James, 
nVilliam, ^John L., •'^Leonidas, «Sarah, "^Martha Clay, /^^ A. 

Susan AlcRea, fourth child of Robert McRea and Margaret 
( I'ulk) McRea, married William Barnett and had issue: ^Wil- 
liam, -Susan. -'Margaret, ^Ann, -^Jack, "Jane, '^Robert Barnett. 

I )inah McRea, Fifth child of Robert McRea and Margaret 

( Pi ilk) McRea, married Hart, and had issue : ^Mary, 

-.Margaret, ^Isabella, ■^William, •'"'David Hart. 

Margaret McRea, sixth child of Robert McRea and Mar- 
garet (Polk) McRea, married Spratt and had issue: 

^'IMidina^, -Robert, ''^Margaret, ^Susan, •''James, ^Elizabeth, 
"Martha, ^Leonidas Spratt. 


Thomas McRea, seventh child of Robert McRea and Mar- 
garet (Polk) ]\IcRea, married and had three 

children, viz. : ^William, -Robert, ^Alargaret ^McRea. 

Harriet AIcRea, eighth child of Robert AIcRea and Mar- 
garet (Polk) IVIcRea, married Taylor and had is- 
sue : ^Alary, ^Robert, ^John Taylor. 

Rachel McRea, ninth child of Robert AIcRea and ^lar- 

garet (Polk) McRea, married Vance and had issue: 

^Robert, and -James Vance. 

William McRea, tenth child of Robert McRea and ^Mar- 
garet (Polk) McRea, died unmarried. 

Alary McRea, eleventh child of Robert ]\IcRea and Alar- 
garet (Polk) AIcRea, married Barnett and had is- 
sue : ^Marv. and -\Mlliam Barnett. 




Gen'l Thomas Polk, seventh child of William Polk and 
Margaret (Taylor) Polk, married Susan Spratt. a daughter of 
Thomas Spratt, a prominent citizen of ^Mecklenburg County, 
by whom he had: ^Thomas, -Col. William, "Ezekiel, who was 
lost at sea. says Mrs. Smart in 1S4!). in a letter to Bishop Polk; 
^Charles. -^Margaret, "^^lary, 'Martha. *^James, ''Debora Polk. 

Thomas Polk, eldest child of General Thomas Polk, and 
Susan (Spratt) Polk, never married. He was a Captain in the 
Revolution, in the Fourth North Carolina regiment, com- 
manded l:)y his father, and was killed by a bullet in the fore- 
head, at the hard fought battle of Eutaw, Sept. S, 1781, where 
the gallant patriots under General Nathaniel Greene contend- 
ed for five hours with an army of veteran British soldiers under 
General Stuart, the engagement being a drawn battle in which 
both sides suffered a heavy loss of officers and men. 

Colonel William Polk, second child of General Thomas 
Polk and Susan (Spratt) Polk, was twice married; first to 
Grizelda Gilchrist, second to Sarah Hawkins. By his first 
wife he had two sons: ^General Thos. G. Polk, -Dr. William 
Julius Polk, r.y second wife he had eight children, viz.: 
^Lucius Junius Polk, ^Lieutenant General Leonidas Polk, Con- 
federate States Army, who was killed during the Civil War 
b\' a cannon shot, at Pine Mountain, Ga.. Jttne 14. 1864, while 
reconnoitering the Federal lines; "'Mary B. Polk, "^Alexandei 
Hamiltrm Poik, 'Col. Rufus K. Polk. '^George W. Polk, »Susan 
S. IN ilk. '"Col. Andrew J. Polk. Pucinda, another child of Col 
Wm. polk. I)orn Jan. 12. I.sii4. died when a little over a year old, 
as did also another child, John I-4awkins Polk. 

General Thomas G. Polk, eldest son of Col. William Polk 
and Gri/elda (Gilchrist) Polk, wa- born I'ebruary 22, 1791. and 
man-icd Marv Trotter, ])\- wliom he had -ix children to live to 

POLK FA M 1 L y A N D K I A' S M E N 



of North Carolina. 



TILDrN FO«'0(DAriON8. 


maturity, viz.: ^Mary A. Polk, -Jane Polk, •"'William Polk, 
^Richard Polk, ^Emily Polk, ^Thomas Polk. The three last 
named died unmarried. 

Mary A. Polk, first child of General Thomas G. Polk and 
j\Iary (Trotter) Polk, married Hon. George Davis, of Raleigh, 
N. C, a distinguished lawyer and Attorney General of the Con- 
federate States, under President Jefferson Davis. Six of their 
children lived to maturity, viz: ^Junius Davis, -Mary Davis 
(who died unmarried), •'^Emily Davis, '^Louis Davis, (who also 
died unmarried ) ; '^Isabella Davis, ''^Margaret Davis. 

Junius Davis, eldest child of Hon. George Davis and Mary 
(Polk) Davis, married twice ; first to Mary Orme Walker, 
second to Mary Cowan. By them he had eight children: 
^Mary Polk Davis, -Thomas Davis, "^Junius Davis, ^George 
Davis, ^Platt Davis, *'Louis Davis, "Robert C. Davis, ^Eliza 
Davis, the two last named hy his second wife. 

Emily Davis, third child of Hon. George Davis and ]\Iary 
(Polk) Davis, married June Crowe and had issue: ^George 
Crowe, ^Fairfax Crowe, "''William Crowe, ^Emmet Polk Crowe. 

Isabella Davis, fifth child of Hon. George Davis and Mary 
(Polk) Davis, married Spencer Shotter, by whom she had one 
child, Isabella Davis Shotter. 

Margaret Davis, youngest child of Hon. George Davis 
and Mary (Polk) Davis, married George Rountree and had 
issue: ^Isabella Rountree, -Cynthia Rountree, ^]\Ieta Roun- 

Jane Polk, second child of General Thomas G. Polk and 
Mary (Trotter) Polk, married Dr. A. P.uchelle and died with- 
out issue. 

Colonel \Mlliam Polk, third child and eldest son of Gen- 
eral Thomas G. Polk and Mary (Trotter) Polk, born in :\Ieck- 

lenburg Countv, X. C, 1.^22, now a resident of 

Alexandria, La., is a sugar planter and enterprising business 
man. He is a member of the Order of the Cincinnati, by de- 
scent from his grandfather. Col. William Polk, of the Revolu- 
tion. Col. W'm. Polk first married Miss Flower, who died 

leaving one child, a son . His second wife 

was Miss Rebecca Evaline Lamar, of Georgia, a cousin of 

112 P O LK F A M I LY A N D KIN S M E N 

Justice Lamar, and niece of General AI. \^. Lamar, a President 
of the Republic of Texas. Col. Polk has three children : LMice 
Polk, -William Polk, ^Eloise Polk. 

Alice i'olk, eldest child of Col. W^m. Polk and Rebecca 
Evaline (Lamar) Polk, married Wm. P. Flower, a sugar plant- 
er of Louisiana, by whom she had one child, William Polk 
Flower, Jr. 

William I'olk, second child of Col. Wm. Polk and Rebecca 
Evaline (Lamar) Polk, married Aliss Baillio. He is also a 
sugar planter and large landholder in the Parish of Rapides. 
He had one child, Lamar Polk. 

Eloise Polk, third child of Col. Wm. Polk and Rebecca 
Evaline (Lamar) Polk, married David S. Ferris, of Xev^ York, 
and the}' have one son, Coldon Lix'ingston Ferris. 

Dr. William Julius Polk, second son of Col. William Polk 
and Grizelda (Gilchrist) Polk, was born March 21, 1793. He 
married Alary R. Long, a granddaughter of General Allen 
Jones O'f Halifax, North Carolina. L>^sue: M",rizelda, ^Allen J 
3Dr. Thomas G., ^Mary Branch; Gen'l Lucius E., Col. Cad- 
wallader, and Col. Rufus K. Polk. 


John Paul, the young Scotchman who was called the father 
of the American Navy, and whose naval exploits during the 
American Revolution startled the world, shortly after coming 
to America lived long in the J<mes families, in North Caro- 
lina. PriMiipted by his affection for them, he added their 
family name to his own and e\'er afterward was called John 
Paul Junes. One of this Jones family was General Allen 
Jones, of llalifax, N. C, and Willie J(3nes, an attorney in con- 
nection with the settlement of the estate of his brother, 
William P.aul, of Virginia, whose heir he became on the lat- 
tcrs dcalli. General Allen Jones was the grandfather of 
Alary R. Long, who married Dr. Wm. Julius Polk, son of Col. 
Wm. Polk, of Raleigh, N. C. 

Ill Iicr sketch of the John Polk branch of the family, pub- 
li>lK'd in tlic January. 1!M)S, numlicr ni the American Historical 
Alaga/inc, Mi-s Alary Winder Garrett, says of Airs. Alary 
(Lon-) P. ilk. wile of Dr. Wm. 1. Polk: "This ladv had the 


brave, undaunted spirit of the Roman matron ; and, when in 
the late Civil War General Buell offered it, declined protection 
for herself and home, while her sons were exposed to the dan- 
gers of the field." 

In this connection it may also be stated that when the Fed- 
eral Army occupied Xashville, General lUiell made a similar 
offer of protection to ^Irs. James K. Polk, which she also de- 
clined. But General Buell, notwithstanding her refusal, gave 
that protection to her home which he deemed requisite and nec- 
essary. Illustrative of the high spirit which characterized the 
females of the Jones family during the Revolutionary War, we 
quote the following from Mrs. Ellet's "Women of the Revolu- 
tion." '"When Cornwallis and his army were at Halifax, on 
their way to \'irginia. Col. Tarlton was at the house of an 
American. In the presence of Airs. Willie Jones, Tarlton spoke 
of Col. William Washington as an illiterate fellow, hardly able 
to write his name. "Ah. Colonel," said Airs. Jones, "You ought 
to know- better, for you bear on your person proof that he 
knows very well how to make his mark !" 

At another time, Tarlton was speaking sarcastically of 
Col. Washington, in the presence of Mrs. Jones' sister, Mrs. 
Ashe. "I would be happy to see Colonel Washington." he 
said, "with a sneer."' Airs. Ashe instantly replied: "If you 
had looked behind you. Col. Tarlton, at the battle of the Cow^- 
pens, yoti would have enjoyed that pleasure." 

"Stung with this keen wit. Tarlton placed his hand on 
his sword. General Leslie, Tarlton's superior, who was pre- 
sent, remarked: "Say what you please. Airs. Ashe. Colonel 
Tarlton knows better than to insult a lady in my presence." 

The children of Dr. William J. Polk and Alary (Long) 
Polk, that attained to maturity, were: ^Grizelda Gilchrist, 
Polk, ^Alajor Allen J. Polk, ^Thomas G. Polk, ^Lucius E. Polk. 
"Alary J. Polk, «Cadwallader Polk, and 'Rufus K. Polk. 

Grizelda Gilchrist Polk, eldest child of Dr. William J. 
Polk and Alary (Long) Polk, married Judge Russell Houston, 
a native of Tennessee, a talented and prominent lawyer, and 
cit one time Chief Justice of his native state. For a quarter of 
a century he held the position of Chief Counsel to the Louis- 
ville & Xashville Railroad. In politics. Judge Houston was a 


Wliig, and when the Ci\"il War came on as a result of the 
contention over slavery, he espoused the cause of the L'nion. 
The children of Judge Russell Houston and Grizelda ( Gil- 
christj Polk, were ^Mary R. Houston, -Allen P. Houston, 
"Lucius E. Houston, ^Elise, -^Houston. 

]\Iary Russell Houston, eldest child of Judge Russell Hous- 
ton and Grizelda (Polk) Houston, married Lytle Buchanan. 

Allen P. Houston, second child of Judge Russell Houston 
and Grizelda (Polk) Houston, married Alattie Belle Shreve, 
and they had issue: ^Russell Houston, -Bell L. Houston, 
^Allen P. Houston, Jr. 

Lucia E. Houston, third child of Judge Russell Houston 
and Grizelda (Polk) Houston, married George H. Hull and 
had five children, \\z. : ^Grizelda H. Hull, -George H. Hull, 
"Lytle B. Hull, ^Russell H. Hull, •''Lucia H. Hull. 

Elise Houston, fourth child of Judge Russell Houston and 
Grizelda (Polk) Houston, married John L. Ferrell. Issue: 
^Grizelda H. Ferrell (deceased), -Alary Russell Ferrell. 


Major Allen J. Polk, second child and eldest son of Dr. 
William J. Polk and Alary (Long) Polk, was twice married; 
first to Miss Alary Clendennin, in 1S4G. His second wife was 
Aliss Anna Clark Fitzhugh of Louisville, a very beautiful wo- 
man, daughter of Judge Dennis Fitzhugh, third husband of 
Francis Eleanor Clark, youngest sister of General George Rog- 
ers Clark, Conqueror of the Northwest Territory in 1778. 

i')y his first wife, Aliss Clendennin, Alajor Allen J. Polk 
had line t-Jiild to reach maturity, Alary Polk, wdio married 
Frank llemphill and had issue: ^Alary, -Allen, and '"'Polk 
Hemphill. By his second wife, Anna Clark Fitzhugh, Alajor 
Polk had issue: ^Susie H. Polk. ^Anna Lee Polk, ^Zelda Polk 
4Rol,in Alk-n 1 'oik. 

Susie 1 1., daughter of Alajor Allen J. Polk and Anna Clark 
(Fitzhugh) Polk, married T. W. Keesee January 1:3, 1SS7, and 
has issue: ^Zelda Polk Keesee, born January 31, 1889; 
^Thomas Woolfin Keesee, born July 13. 1S91 ; -Allen Polk 
Keesee, l)orn Octol)er L isOTi. 

POLK F A M I L Y A X D K I N S M E N 115 

Anna Lee Polk, daughter of Alajor Allen J. Polk and Anna 
Clark (Fitzhughj P'olk. married Samuel A. Pepper and had 
issue: ^Allen Polk Pepper (daughter) born December 5, 1888; 
-Zelda Fontaine Pepper, born March 27, 1889 ; ^Anna Fitzhugh 
Pepper, born February 7, 1895. 

Zelda Polk, daughter of ]^Iajor Allen J. Polk and Anna 
Clark (Fitzhugh) Polk, married Capt. D. T. Hargreaves, of 
Memphis, Tennesseee, Xovember 12, 1890. 



No political transaction in America has provoked more 
controversy than that of the ^Mecklenburg Declaration of in- 
dependence, at Charlotte, North Carolina, on June 20th. ITT-"), 
more than a year previous to the Declaration formulated by 
the Continental Congress and enunciated at Philadelphia on 
July 4, 1776. 

It is a well known fact that jealousy and aml)iti(tn play 
no inconsiderable part in man}- of the affairs of mankind, ant! 
that they often give col(jr and support to false assumptions 
regarding human transactions. And these influences, jeal- 
ousies and ambition, lie at the bottom of all that has ^ctn 
written and spoken against the authenticity of the Mecklen- 
burg Declaration. 

Historians and writers of the Northern colonies of Alass- 
achusetts. New York. Connecticut. New^ Jersey. Pennsylvania, 
and also of Virginia. haxQ earnestly endeavored to preserve 
their Revolutionary records, and they have not l)een Ijack- 
\vard in claiming for their respecti\'e colonies the lion's share 
of honors attending the performance of the struggling pat- 
riots. Particularly is this true of the historians and writers 
of Alassachusetts and Virginia. It is true that the initial ])low 
that precipitated the active conflict was struck at Lexington. 
Massachusetts, on April 19th, 1775. r)ne month later. May 
19th. 1775. the patriots of Mecklenl)urg County. North Caro- 
lina, assembled at Charlotte, to deliberate on wdiat w^as best 
to be done to escape the [political ills to which they had long 
been subjected by I'ritish power, and on the following day 
issued their declaration of independence. 


Four years before the affair at Lexington, however, a blow 
had l)een struck l)y the people of North Carolina, at Alia- 


mance, in which a large numl:)er of patriots, then styled "Regu- 
lators," were killed and wounded, and a considerable number 
cf the force of Go\ernor Tryon, the Colonial Executive, were 
also placed liors de coDibat. 

The occasion of this sanguinary clash between the Royal 
Governor's forces and the Xorth Carolina Cohjnists was the 
repeated exactions and hardships imposed on the people by 
his Lordship, through his rapacious agents and officials. After 
an exciting" train of events had happened, the contention even- 
tuated in bloodshed. 

The battle of Allanuince has well been called the "reveille 
drumbeat of the Revolution." l^ecause it was the first armed 
conflict to take place in America Ijetween the colonists and 
their British oppressors. This conflict occurred on May 16. 
1771, near the head-waters of Cape Fear river. Therefore 
it antedated the afl:'air at Lexington, Massachusetts, by al- 
most four years. It also preceded the Mecklenburg Declara- 
tion the same length of time, and the Philadelphia Declara- 
tion ])y more than five years. Yet. in spite of these incon- 
trovertiljle facts, partial historians have for a century tried 
to obscure them and accord all the honors to a later conflict 
and a later Declaration of Independence. 

Although the Regulators were defeated at Allamance. 
leaving a large number of their dead and wounded on the 
field, Tryon was given a test of patriot mettle and shown that 
Americans would not tamely submit to the oppressions of 
George III and his tyrannical henchmen. The principles for 
wdiich the Xorth Carolina patriots fought Tryon, a short 
time later found expression in the ^Mecklenburg Declaration 
This conflict served to intensify the state of feeling then ex- 
isting, and for four years following the public mind was kept 
tense and expectant by numerous incidents of outrage, bad 
feeling and contention. 

Out of these feelings and opinions grew the Mecklenlnirg 
meeting and pronouncement of independence. The town of 
Charlotte was the chief point at which was held a series of 
meetings to discuss the condition of affairs in that section 
of the colony. These meetings were at first irregular and 
without system. It was finally agreed that Col. Thomas Polk. 


who commanded the Mecklenburg ^Militia regiment, a large 
property holder, a man of great excellence of character, ex- 
tensive knowledge of his people, and deservedly popular, 
should be authorized to call a convention of the representa- 
tives of the people whenever circumstances should appear to 
require it. Col. Polk was a brother of Capt. Ezekiel Polk, 
grand-father of James K. Polk. It was also agreed that the 
Convention, when called, should consist of two men from each 
captain's company chosen by the people of the several 
militia districts of the County, and that their decisions should 
be binding upon the people of Mecklenburg. Governor Mar- 
tin, who had succeeded Tryon as Royal Governor of the Col- 
ony, sought to prevent the assembling of the Provincial Con- 
gress at Newbern, and great excitement followed his action. 


Believing that the time for action had arrived. Col. Polk 
issued notice to the elected committeemen of the County to 
assemble at the court house in Charlotte. This they did on 
May 19, 1775. Abraham Alexander was chosen chairman 
and Dr. Ephraim Brevard, secretary of the meeting. The la*, 
ter was a son-in-law of Col. Thos. Polk, having married the 
latter's daughter Martha. Dr. Brevard was a graduate of 
Princeton, a man of good education and scholarly attainments, 
and it is said that on him as secretary of the resolutions com- 
mittee, devolved the duty of drafting the resolutions prepared 
by the committee and reported to the convention. The Alex- 
anders were also related to the Polk's by intermarrriage. 
During the first, and most of the second day, the subject of 
mdependence was discussed. The news of the battle of Lex 
ington reached Charlotte during the convention, it is said it pr(im])ted the delegates to decisive action. The com- 
mittee thereupon reported the resolves, which were as follows : 


1st. Resolved, That whosoever directly or indirectly 
abetted, or in any way, form, tir manner, countenanced the 
unchartered and dangerous in\-asion of our rights, as claimed 


by Great Britain, is an enemy to this Country, to America, 
and to the inherent and inalienable rights of men. 

2d. Resolved, That we. the citizens of Mecklenburof 
County, do hereby dissolve the political bands which have 
connected us to the mother country, and hereby absolve our- 
selves from all allegiance to the British Crown, and abjure 
all political connection, contract, or association, with that na- 
tion, who have wantonly trampled on our rights and liber- 
ties, and inhumanly shed the blood of American patriots at 

3d. Resolved, That we do hereby declare ourselves a free 
and independent people ; are, and of rigiit ought to be, a 
sovereign and self-governing Association, under the control 
of no power other than that of our God, and the general 
government of the Congress ; to the maintenance of which 
independence, we solemnly pledge to each other our mutual 
co-operation, our lives, our fortunes, and our most sacred 

4th. Resolved, That as we r.ow acknowledge the existence 
and control of no law or legal officer, civil or military, within 
this country, we do hereby ordain and adopt as a rule of life, 
all, each, and every of our former laws — wherein, neverthe- 
less, the Crown of Great Britain never can be considered as 
holding rig-hts. privileges, immunities, or authority therein. 

5th. Resolved, That it is further decreed, that all, each, 
and every militia officer in this county is hereby reinstated 
m his former command and authority, he acting conformably 
to these regulations. And that ever}- member present, of 
this delegation, shall hencef jrth be a civil officer, viz. : a 
Justice of the Peace, in the character of a Committeeman, 
to issue process, hear and determine all matters of contro- 
versy, according to said adopted laws, and to preserve peace, 
union and harmony in said county ; and to use every exer- 
tion to spread the love of country and tire of freedom through- 



out America, until a more general and organized government 
be established in this province. 

Abraham Alexander. Chairman. 

John AfcKnitt Alexander, Secretary, 

Ephraim Brevard, 
Hezekiah J. Balch, 
John Phifer, 
James Harris, 
William Kennon, 
John Ford, 
Richard Barry, 
Henry Downs, 
Ezra Alexander, 
\\ illiam Graham, 
John Queary, 
Hezekiah Alexander, 

Charles Alexander, 
Zaccheus Wilson, 
Waightstill Avery, 
Benjamin Patton, 
Matthew AlcClure, 
Neil Morrison, 
Robert Irving, 
John Flannegin, 
David Reese, 
John Davidson, 
Richard Harris, 
Thomas Polk, Sr. 

Adam Alexander, 

A vote was then taken and the resolves were unanimously 
concurred in. By-laws and regulations for the government 
of a standing Committee of Safety were then adopted. 

These resolutions, which were drawn up by Dr. Ephraim 
Brevard, chairman of the committee, were read by him to the 
delegation. The resolves, by-laws, and regulations were 
read by John AIcKnitt Alexander. The chair then put the 
question and the vote was a unanimous approval. Shortly 
after the vote of the convention on the resolutions and com- 
plying with the vociferous demands of those outside who 
were unable to get into the house. Col. Thomas Polk, stand- 
ing on the court house steps, read the resolutions and other 
resolves to the assemblage of citizens, who also gave sanction 
to the same by lusty cheers and throwing up of hats, some 
of which fell on the roof of the courthouse. 

A copy of all the transactions was then made and dis- 
patched by Captain James Jack to Philadelphia, requesting 
him to ])resent them to Congress, which body was then in 

Another copy was sent to Samuel Johnston. Moderator 
of the l'i'ii\incial Congress at llillsboro, and was laid before 
that body by him. On arrival of Capt. Jack at Philadelphia, 


lie delivered the resoIuti'o>ns to Messrs. Caswell, Hooper and 
Hewes, delegates in Congress from North Carolina. These 
gentlemen, it is reported, considered the resolutions prema- 
ture, or radical, and did not offer them to Congress. It is 
said that they were shown to some of the meml^ers of Con- 
gress who held advanced views on the question of indepen- 
dence, among them Thomas Jefferson. That the latter saw 
the resolutions there can be little doubt, in view of the fact 
that some of the exact verbiage of the Mecklenburg" Declara- 
tion is used in the declaration drawn up by Jefferson at Phila- 
delphia in July, 1TT(). The friends of Jeft'erson. however 
claim that the coincidence was only accidental and that Jef- 
ferson ne\'er saw the copy carried to Philadelphia by Capt. 

As the historian Jones observes, in the defense of the 
Mecklenburg Declaration : "A\diilst the sage of Alonticello 
was pondering on the various projects of a reconciliation with 
the mother country, and never for once looking beyond 'that 
desirable end ;' while Virginia and even Massachusetts were 
continually vowing allegiance to the Throne ; and North Car- 
olina herself, through the medium of her Congress, was de 
daring that independence was not her object, the people of 
]\Iecklenburg. with the sagacity of an honest and injured 
race, recoiled at once on the power that oppressed them, and 
dissolved forever the unhallowed union of British domina- 
tion and American allegiance. 

Among those present at the Mecklenburg meeting and 
giving their enthusiastic approval to its transactions, were 
a number of other Polks, including Capt. Ezekiel Polk, broth- 
er of Col. Thomas Polk. Every member of the family was 
an earnest and devoted Whig and used every possible eff'ort 
to advance the cause of independence. 

A number of years afterward, the original copy of the 
transactions of the Mecklenburg Convention were consumed 
by the burning of the house of John McKnitt Alexander, the 
Convention's Secretary. Thomas Jeft'erson, having his at- 
tention called to them by Air. Adams, denied that such a dec- 
laration ever took place. In his egotism and jealousy, for he 
possessed these qualities in an eminent degree, Mr. Jeft'erson 


yearned to appropriate to himself all the honors of the Ameri- 
can Declaration of Independence. The Legislature of North 
Carolina appointed a committee to examine and report on 
the matter, and among those giving depositions regarding 
the transactions were a number of aged citizens who were 
present at the meeting and heard the declaration read. The 
transaction was conclusively proven, but the carping critics 
yet continue to deny that such an event ever occurred on 
May 3Uth, 1775, contending that the only resolutions adopted 
were those of May 31, following. 

The Polk family are justly proud of the distinguished 
part taken in that historic event by their kinsmen, Col. Thos. 
Polk, Ezekiel Polk, and others of the family. In a speech 
delivered at Raleigh, in Oct., 19U5, Theodore Roosevelt said: 
"It was in North Carolina that the Mecklenburg Declara- 
tion of Independence foreshadowed the course taken in a 
few short months by the representatives of the thirteen colo- 
nies assembled at Philadelphia. North Carolina can right- 
fully say that she pointed us the way which led to the forma- 
tion of a new nation. In the Revolution she did many mem- 
orable deeds; and the battle of King's Mountain marked the 
turning point of the Revolutionary war in tlie South." 

While all those concerned in the Mecklenburg Declara- 
tion proceedings did their whole duty, the prime movers in 
the affair are said to have been Dr. Ephraim Brevard, Waight- 
still Avery, a distinguished lawyer. Col. Thomas Polk and 
Rev. Hazekiah Balch, the latter, like Dr. Brevard, a graduate 
i.f Princeton. 

The historian Jones says : "Tradition ascribes to Thomas 
Polk the principal agency in bringing about the declara- 
tion. He appears to have given the notice for the election 
of the Convention ; and, l)eing Colonel of the County, to have 
superintended the election in each of the militia districts. 
He had been for a long time in the service of the Province as 
a surveyor, and as a member of the Assembly; and was thus 
intimately acquainted not only in Mecklenburg, but in the 
counties generally. Dr. Ephraim I'.revard (the author of the 
Declaration) and W'aightstill Avery, were men of the high- 
est classical attainments, and, contributing their enlightened 

POLK F A M I L y A N D K I N S M E N 123 

resources to the shrewd native enthusiasm of Thomas Polk, 
produced a Declaration at that time unrivalled, not only for 
the neatness of its style, but for the moral sublimity of its 

In a letter dated June 22, 1829, to Thomas Jefferson, cal- 
ling his. attention to the almost forgotten declaration, (and 
in reply to which ]\Ir. Jefferson denied the authenticity of 
that transaction) John Adams said: "What a poor, ignorant, 
malicious, short-sighted, crapulous mass is Tom Pain's Com- 
mon Sense in comparison with this paper. The genuine 
sense of America at the moment was never so well expressed 
before nor since." 

\Mien the news of the Mecklenburg Conventions action 
reached the Royal Governor, Martin, he denounced it as a 
treasonable transaction, "most tratoriously declaring the en- 
tire dissolution of the -laws, government, and constitution 
of this countr}'. and setting up a system of rule and regula- 
tion repugnant to the laws, and subversive of His ^Majesty's 
Government. And these views, more fully expressed, he 
transmitted to the Crown, along with a copy of the Cape Fear 
Mercury, containing the ^Meeting's proceedings and resolu- 

124 P O LK F A M I LY AND K I X S M E N 



,. 5 Q- e. -j^O ) ^ 

Thomas Polk, son of William Polk and Margaret (Taylor) 
Polk, was born near Carlisle, Pa., abmit 1T;)(». and died at Char- 
lotte, X. C, in 1793, where he was buried. His father re- 
moved to the Yadkin Country about 1750. and settled at 
Sugar Creek, a few miles south of the present town of Char- 
lotte, close to the South Carolina line. His neighbors and 
associates, therefore, ctmiprised people of both colonies, who 
were alike animated by a spirit of resistance to British Tyr- 

On Sugar Creek Thomas I'olk erected a large mill and 
also became an extensive planter, acquiring" a large body of 
land. He had received in Pennsylvania a good English edu- 
cation and fitted himself for the profession of a surveyor. In 
this occupation he was quite active for some years after set- 
tling in his new home, often assisted In' his son William, as 
the latter approached manhood. By reason of such experi- 
ence William also became a skilled surveyc)r. 

l')cing a man of great force of character, keenness of 
vision in ])ul)Iic affairs, and an ardent advocate of right and 
justice, Thomas Polk soon took a leading position among 
his neighbors and was consulted on all matters of monient. 

In IT.").") Thomas I'olk married Susan Spratt, a daughter 
rf Thomas Spratt. In 17n!) he was chosen a member of the 
I'roxincial Assembly of .Xortli Carolina. Under his influence 
and patronage was founded "Queen's College," at Charlotte, 
the alma mater of many distinguished Southern men and 
statesmen. The Crown of Great Britain disallowed the char- 
ter, ])Ut it prospered ne\-ertheless until I British troops burned 
its l)uil(lings. I'.y its friends it was called. "The Southern 
Cradle of Libertv." 


In the capacity of surveyor Thomas Polk was frequenth- 
employed by the Colonial Government of his colony. He 
was often a meml^er of the Colonial Assembly, serving with 
credit to himself and constituency. He was a member of 
that body when Husbands with his "Regulators" made war 
upon Governor Tyron and later fought the battle of Alla- 
mance. Thos. Polk is said to have synipathized witli the 

He was a member of the Colonial Congress in 1TT5, and 
Colonel of Alinute Men in the Salisbury District. In the same 
year he was made Colonel of the Mecklenburg Militia Regi- 
ment, and in ITTG. Colonel of the 4th Regiment. North Caro- 
lina Continentals, which the following year became a part 
of General Francis Xash's Brigade that joined Washington's 
army at the north. 

A short time after the meeting of the Con\'ention at 
Charlotte, word came that a number of Tories had embodied 
themselves at Cross Creek ( iTijw Fayetteville ) to oppose the 
American cause. Col. Thomas Polk promptly raised a regi- 
ment of infantry and cavalry, the latter corps commanded 
l)v his brother. Capt. Charles Polk. Hut when Col. Polk and 
liis ft)rce reached the scene the Tories had dispersed, and 
the troops returned home. 

In 1771 Thomas Polk was again a member of the Provin- 
cial Assembly with Abraham Alexander, from ^Mecklenburg, 
in the Low^er House. Joseph Martin was then Royal Governor 
of the Province. Thomas took a leading part in all the move- 
ments to oppose the aggressions of the Crown. As stated by 
Joseph Seawell Jones, the Xorth Cardlina historian; '"Thomas 
Polk was the first to maintain the necessity of dissolving the 
political ties wliich bound the colonies to Great Britain. His 
feelings and opinions were decided, his expressions outspoken 
and courageous." And Jones adds: "Out of these feelings and 
opinions grew the ^Mecklenburg Declaration of Independence." 

The feeling for independence was much more pronounc- 
ed in the Southern than in Xew York and some other North- 
ern colonies, where opinions were very much mixed as to 
the advisability of resistance. Xorth Carolina was largely 
settled by Scotch-Irish, who were traditional opponents of 


kingly encroachments. There were also a large number of 
Scotchmen in the Province, the greater proportion of whom 
were Loyalists, bearing arms against their neighbors who 
adhered to the cause of freedom. One regiment of these 
was headed by Donald McDonald, who later was made a 
prisoner when his regiment was defeated by the patriots 
Cornwallis pronounced the town of Charlotte, "The 
Hornet's Nest of Xorth Carolina." In his Memoirs, p. 159, 
Col. Tarlton says: "It was evident, and had been fre- 
quently mentioned to the King's ofBcers, that the counties of 
Mecklenburg and Rowan were more hostile to England than 
1,'ny others in America." 

Col. Thomas Polk was a born leader of men, and recog- 
nized as a master spirit in the community in which he lived. 
His policy was one of uncompromising resistance to the en- 
croachments of the British ministry. After the collision on 
April 19th, 1TT5, between the King's troops and Massachu- 
setts patriots, he was called on, as Colonel of the County, 
to call a meeting of the people of Mecklenburg, such conven- 
tion to be composed of tw^o delegates from each company 
of his regiment. This he did, and thus was organized the 
body which enunciated the famous Mecklenburg Declara- 

From the court house steps Col. Polk read to the assem- 
bled throng outside the resolutions adopted, and which had 
])een drawn up by his son-in-law, Dr. Ephraim Brevard, Sec- 
retary of the Committee on Resolutions. 

On July ;3(), 1775, Governor Martin wrote to the Colo- 
1 ial Secretary, in London: "The resolves of the Committee 
of Mecklenburg, whicli your lordship will find in the en- 
closed newspaper, surpass all the horrid and treasonable pul)- 
lications the inflammatory spirits of this continent have yet 

Only nine days later Gov. Alartin, fleeing from the gath- 
ermg stcjrm and taking refuge on a British warship in the 
harbor, issued a proclamation in which he denounced the 
newspaper account a.^ an "infamous publication," and the 
resolutions as "most tratoriously declaring the entire dissolu- 
tion of the laws, government and constitution of this country, 


and setting up a system of rule and regulation repugnant 
to the laws and subversive of His Majesty's government/' 

The Tories of South Carolina, attacked the patriots un- 
der Col. Williamson, at Cambridge and Xinety-Six, compell- 
ing him to capitulate. In retaliation, the South Carolina 
Council of Safety ordered out troops, among them Thomp- 
son's Mounted Rangers, in which Capt. Ezekiel Polk, a 
brother of Col. Thomas Polk, commanded a company. Nine 
hundred North Carolina troops, under Col. Thomas Polk. 
Rutherford, Morten and Graham, went to their assistance, 
and in a severe engagement defeated the Royalists. 

Col. Polk's Regiment, the 4th Continentals, was brigad- 
ed under General Francis Xash, and formed a part of that 
command when it was ordered in ITTT to the North to rein- 
force Washington. For three years Col. Polk remained un- 
der Washington, participating in the battle of Brandywine 
and other engagements. It also suffered at Valley Forge. 

In Nov., 1779, the North Carolina troops returned to the 
South to reinforce General Lincoln, and, except Col. Polk's 
regiment, were added to the garrison of Charleston, where 
they were captured in ]\Iay, 17S0. 


General Gates, the much heralded "Hero of Saratoga," 
was then chosen to command the Southern Department. 
Through Pinkney, the aide to Baron de Kalb, Gates offered 
Col. Thos. Polk (Aug. 3), the double position of Commissary 
General of the State, and Commissary of Purchases for the 
army. This tender he accepted, but soon after occurred the 
disastrous defeat of Gates at Camden. The latter was panic- 
stricken and fled to Hillsboro. the then seat of government. 
Two days after Camden, Sumpter was also defeated. Corn- 
wallis had started on his march to Charlotte, with a view 
of utterly destroying the "Hornets' Nest." As he neared the 
town the family of Col. Thomas Polk fled to a place of safety. 

On Sept. 2r)th Cornwallis entered Charlotte and appro- 
priated Col. Polk's residence for his headquarters, it being 
the only painted house in the town at that time, it is said. 
There he remained until the American victory at King's 

128 P O LK F A M I LY AND K I N S M E N 

Mountain, Oct. 7, 1780, when he decamped. Before leaving 
he confiscated all of the property of Col. Polk that he could 
find. Four days after the King's ^Mountain afl:'air Col. Polk 
wrote the following to the lioard of Wav. 

"Camp Yadkin River, Oct. M, 17.S(». 

Gentlemen : — 

I have the pleasure to inform you that on Saturday last 
the noted Col. Ferguson, with l-")0 men, fell on King's [Moun- 
tain ; SIM) taken i)risoners and 1, ■-)()() stand of arms. Cleveland 
and Campbell commanded. A glorious afl:"air. In a few days 
we will l)e in Charlotte, and I will take possession of my 
house, and his lordship take the woods. 

I am, Gentlemen, AA'ith Respect, 

Your humble servant 

Thos. Polk. 
To the Board of War, Hillsboro." 

Riding from house to house in A\'estern Xorth Carolina, 
and also across the border in South Carolina, Col. Polk en- 
couraged all to enlist in the patriot ranks. He was highly 
esteemed by General Greene, and after the death of General 
Davidson at the battle of Cowan's Ford, the field officers of 
the Salisbury District strongly urging his appointment. Col. 
Polk was commissioned in Davidson's stead. In considera- 
tion of the claim of Col. Locke, the commission was not con- 


In August, 1775, the Colonial Congress addressed itself 
to the question of resistance. Two Continental Regiments 
the 1st and 2d, were raised, commanded respectively by Colo- 
nels Moore and Howe. The Minute Men and ]\Iilitia were 
also well organized into companies and regiments each 
county ct)ntril)uting a ]\Iilitia Regiment. In all, the Militia 
Regiments numl)cred thirty-five. 

Tlic field officers of the Alecklenburg Regiment w^ere : 
Thomas Polk, Colonel; Adam Alexander, Lieut. Colonel; 
John Phifcr, 1st Major; John Davidson, 2nd Major. In a 
^hort time thereafter it de\-eloped that some of the [Militia 


officers selected were Loyalists and they were displaced and 
some of them prosecuted. 

In April, 1776, the ^Militia system was reorganized by 
the Congress, care being taken to enlist none but true pa- 
triots. Francis Nash (who fell in Sept., 1777, at German- 
town, near Philadelphia) succeeded to command of the 1st 
North Carolina Continentals, and Alexander Martin to com- 
mand of the v?nd regiment. Col. Thomas Polk was also ad- 
\'anced to the Continental Line, four more regiments of that 
branch of service being raised. He was chosen Colonel of 
the -tth Regiment with James Thackston as Lieutenant, Colo- 
nel and Wm. Davidson ]^Iajor. This regiment constituted a 
part of Nash's Brigade, which afterward marched North to 
the aid of Washington, and saw hard service in numerous 
engagements, and suffered and starved with the devoted For- 
lorn Hope of American cause at Valley Forge. 


Just before the battle of Germantown. when the advanc- 
ing Ih'itish force under Lord Howe was nearin^- Philadel- 
phia. A\'ashington ordered Col. Thos. Polk to take two hun- 
dred men — a battalion of his mounted regiment — and escort 
a baggage train of seven hundretl wagons, loaded with all 
the army stores, to a place of safety. On these wagons were 
also loaded all the bells of the city, in order to prevent the 
British from casting them into cannon balls. Among these 
bells was that on the State House, known as "Liberty Bell," 
rung on July S, 1776, to proclaim the Declaration of Inde- 
pendence. This bell was cracked on July 8, 1835. when tolled 
for the last time, on the occasion of the funeral solemnities 
rf Chief Justice John Marshall. To his children and grand- 
children Col. Polk often related the incidents of his escort 
of the baggage train to a place of safety. 

Leaving Philadelphia, the train journeyed North to Beth- 
lehem, a quiet village on the Lehigh, settled by ^^loravians, 
and arrived there on Sept. 23d. 

In his book entitled "Leonidas Polk, Bishop and Gene- 
ral," an interesting life of his father. Dr. AVm. ^^lecklenburg 
Polk relates the Libertv Bell incident as follows: 


"Among other services entrusted at this period to this 
active officer (Col. Thomas Polk) was the command of the 
force which removed the heavy baggage of the army to a 
j lace of safety. " 

"With these went the bells of Philadelphia, which on the 
near approach of the British had been taken down from their 
airy homes in tower, steeple, and belfry, hurried upon wa- 
<?,ons and sent lumbering over the stony roads, first to Tren- 
ton, N. J., and afterwards to the sleepy old village of Beth- 
lehem, Pennsylvania." 

"At this period Bethlehem was inhabited only by a 
colony of German Moravians, and these w^ere governed in 
things temporal as well as spiritual, by the counsel of their 
priestly head; so the only public records are to be found in 
the seemingly most carefully kept diaries of the various bish- 
ops, who, as was much the custom in the Teutonic lands 
from whence these pious wanderers had come, ruled in 

The Moravian church diary of that period contains these 
entries : 

"Sept. 23, 1777. The whole of the heavy baggage of the 
army, in the continuous train of seven hundred wagons direct 
from camp, arrived under escort of two hundred men com- 
manded by Col. Polk of North Carolina. 

"They encamped on the south side of the Lehigh, and 
in one night destroyed all our buckwheat and the fences 
around our fields. 

"The wagons after unloading return to Trenton for more 
stores. Among the things brought here were the church 
bells from Philadelphia, and the wagon in which was loaded 
the State House bell broke down in the street and had to be 

Under date of September 2'ith is recorded: "In the after- 
noon Cols. Polk and Thornbury arrived with 700 wagons, 
containing the heavy baggage, and guarded by two hundred 
men, who encamped on the banks of the Lehigh. Here every- 
thing was unloaded, and a guard left for protection. Besides 
the army stores was brought the bells of Philadelphia." 

"While passing through the town the wagon containing 


the "State House Bell." (that was called the "Liberty Bell,'") 
broke down and the bell had to be unloaded." 

"The Highland prisoners with their guard left for Read- 
ing on their way to Lancaster, and from thence are to be 
taken to West Virginia. Xo sooner were their old quarters 
cleared than the Doctors of the Hospital took it for their 
store, ^^'e heard that the army was expected here, for Baron 
de Kalb with a corps of French engineers has commenced 
to survey the heights in and around the town. Col. Polk 
has received orders to hold himself in readiness to cross the 
river and occupy the southern acclivity of the town." 

The absence of Col. Thomas Polk on this duty prevented 
his participation in the battle of Germantowm (Oct. 4. 1777^ 
vvhere Xash's Brigade, under Lord Stirling, bore a distin- 
guished part, and in which Col. Polk's son. Lieut. Col. W'm 
Polk, was severely wounded by a bullet through his cheeks. 
In the same engagement also were Delaware kinsmen (of 
the Ephraim Polk line) and the powder-horn carried by one 
of them is now in possession of the writer, his grandson. 


On the family "tree" published in 1849. from data fur- 
nished by Col. W'm. H. Winder. Josiah F. Polk. Jas. K. Polk. 
Col. A\'m. Polk, Horace M. Polk, Bishop Leonidas Polk, and 
others, the names of the children of William Polk, who emi- 
grated from Carlisle, Pa., to North Carolina about 17o(i, ap- 
pear in the following order: W\'m. Polk, who married twice 
(wives names unknown) ; -Charles Polk, who married Polly 
Clark; ^Debora Polk, who married Sam'l ]\IcLeary ; '^Susan 
Polk, who married Benjamin Alexander; ^'^^largaret Polk, 
who married Robert McRea ; ^John Polk, who married Elea\ 
nor Shelby; 'General Thomas Polk, who married Susan 
Spratt; ^Ezekiel Polk, who married first ^liss Wilson, and 
afterward ^Nlrs. Lennard. 

This order of birth is most likely correct, agreeing with 
the statements of Airs. Susan Smart, in a letter to Bishop 
Polk in 1849. Mrs. Smart was the eldest child of Susan Bar- 
nett, daughter of :\Iargaret Polk and Robert AIcRea, and at 
the time of her statements to Bishop Polk, she was eighty- 

132 P O LK F A M I LY A N D K I .V S M E -V 

seven years of age. She was born, therefore, in lld'i, and 
was twelve or thirteen years of age when her mother's (Susan 
Barnett's) grand-father, William Polk, emigrated from Penn- 
sylvania to North Carolina in 1750 or 51. She "well knew 
all the members of the family," as she stated in her letter to 
the Bishop, but gave no dates of births or deaths of AA'illiam 
Polk's children. 

Some of the family data handed down differs from the 
order of the names as printed on the family tree, but as it 
was compiled during the life of ^Irs. Smart, Col. W'm. Polk 
(son of Gen'l Thomas Polk) and others, we accept the order 
given on the tree as most likely correct. 

Concerning the two wives of William Polk (eldest son 
of AA'illiam of Carlisle), the tree does not give their names, 
but later data shows that after being twice married, he died 
after becoming an old man, leaving a numerous progeny. 
One of his sons was the Col. Thomas Polk, who married 
Alary Shelby, daughter of Evan Shelby, Jr., son of General 
Evan Shelby Sr. Xor does the tree tell who Debora married, 
but later information shows that she married Samuel Mc- 
Eeary, of Mecklenburg County, by whom she had a con- 
siderable family. All the old family bibles of those early 
generations seem to have been destroyed by the mutations of 
lime. The loss of many records of the family, generallv by 
the l)urning of dwellings, has to a large extent ham])ered 
the writer's searches after facts. The burning of a numljer 
of county ofifice buildings in Maryland, Delaware and Penn- 
sylvania, has also destroyed much family data that once ex- 
isted in the shape of wills, deeds, and other official documents 
of record. It is evident that the children of William Polk 
were all grown when he moved from Carlisle to the Yadkin, 
and there is a tradition that some of his sons preceded him 
by several years to North Carolina. ]\Irs. Smart clearly 
states that he "died in North Carolina, west of the Yadkin, 
hi least twenty-hve years before the Revolution.'' So he 
mu^t have Iieen born about 1705 to 1712, a son of Col. Wm. 
Polk, Sr., of Somerset County, Md., l)y his first w4fe, Nancy 
CKnox) Owen,^-, widow of \\"m. Owens of Somerset Co. 



Colonel William Polk, second son and child of General 
Thomas Polk, was quite as distinguished as his father in the 
transactions of the Revolutionary War. He was born in 
Mecklenburg County, X. C, July 9, ITSS. At fourteen he 
attended a Grammar School and acquired the rudiments of 
an English education. He afterwards, when seventeen, en- 
tered Queen's college, at Charlotte, where he remained for 
three years, or until he lacked but one year of his majority. 
He also, like his father, studied surveying and became profi- 
cient in that calling. As the armed conflict between the Col- 
onies and the mother country drew apace, and his college 
duties becoming irksome, he left the institution and took 
steps to participate in the cause of Liberty. 

In April. 1TT5. the month before his father read the Meek 
lenburg Declaration from the courthouse steps in Charlotte, 
William was appointed a Second Lieutenant in the Third 
South Carolina Regiment, under Col. Wm. Thompson, popu- 
larly known as "Old Colonel Danger." William was assigned 
to the Second Company of the Regiment, the members of 
which were about equally enlisted from North and South 
Carolina. The company was rapidly recruited to full strength 
and shortly after, with another Company of the Regiment, 
was ordered to Xinety-Six. S. C, to curb the insolence of the 
Tories in that quarter. 

Col. Thompson had a high opinion of Lieutenant Wm 
Polk and gave him command of several expeditions, on one 
cf which he captured Colonel Fletcher, a noted Soutli Caro- 
lina Tory Leader. 

On Dec. 22. 1775. four hundred Loyalists were surprised 
on Reedy river by Colonel Thompson and made prisoners 
Hearing that Capt. York and thirty men had left the Loyal- 
ist Camp the day before on a foraging expedition. Colonel 


Thompson sent Lieutenant William Polk with thirty men 
and a number of volunteer militia to intercept him. York 
and all his party except two were captured. The two escap- 
ing Tories were pursued by Lieutenant Polk and William 
Henderson (who afterwards succeeded General Sumpter in 
command of the South Carolina P)rigade), and in the struggle 
Polk was shot through the shoulder. Another account hand- 
ed down is that Polk's guide was a professed American patriot, 
but at iheart a Tory, named Soioman Deas'oii, wih'o led him into 
i;n ambush of the enemy, a volley from the latter badly 
wounding Polk in the shoulder. 

It has been stated, and never controverted, that Lieu- 
tenant Wra. Polk was "the first man wounded in the Revolu- 
tion after the battle of Lexington. April 19, 1775." 

At the time Lieutenant Win. Polk was wounded a foot 
cf snow was on the ground and he was carried one hundred 
and fort}' miles to his father's home at Charlotte, where he 
lay under the treatment of a surgeon for ten months before 
he was able to resume his duties in the field. During this 
absence from duty the National Declaration of Independence 
was promulgated at Philadelphia and war was formally de- 
clared. Charleston had been beseiged and the battles of 
Long Island, White Plains and other conflicts had taken 
place. It was with joy that Lieut. Wm. Polk, now able to 
rejoin the ranks of his struggling countrymen, repaired again 
to his regiment for duty, taking part in all its strenuous work 
c.gainst the British. 

On Nov. 2G, 1776, having demonstrated his soldierly qual- 
i'.ies, he was chosen by the Provincial Congress of North 
Carolina to fill the office of Major of the Ninth Regiment of 
North Carolina troops raised on Continental Establishment, 
his father, Thomas Polk, already being Colonel of the Fourth 
Regiment of Continentals. William joined his regiment at 
Halifax, in March, 1777. The Colonel and Lieutenant Colonel 
of the Regiment being at the time detailed on other duties. 
Major Polk took command of the Regiment, drilling and 
disciplining it. Though not yet attained to his majority in 
years, Major Polk soon evinced his fitness for command and 
gained the full confidence of his superiors. Not long after, 



of North Carolina, Revolutionary Officer. 




Colonel Francis Xash being promoted to Brigadier General. 
was placed in command of the Brigade of North Carolina 
Continentals, and ordered to the North to reinforce Wash- 
ington. -The Ninth was one of the Regiments composing 
this Brigade. And Nash being joined by the Third Division 
of the North Carolina Line, proceeded to the Jerseys and 
united with the army of Washington, then on the march to 
cppose Lord Howe's troops at the headwaters of Elk river. 
Major Polk was engaged with his regiment in the battles 
of Brandywine and Germantown, which took place shortly 
£.fter. Near the close of the latter action, while giving a 
command, a British musket-ball passed through his cheeks, 
knocking out his upper teeth and wounding his tongue so 
that he was unable to talk. 

Al)out the same time General Nash, his Brigade com- 
I'lander, received a mortal wound, from the bursting of a 
British shell, and his eyesight also was destroyed. The 
parting between ]\Iajor Polk and his dying general was pa- 
thetic one. In 1836, speaking of it to a friend. Colonel Polk 
said : 

"The last time I ever saw General Nash was on the bat- 
tlefield of Germantown. He was being borne from the field 
c n a litter. I had just been shot in the mouth and could not 
speak. I motioned to the bearers of the litter to stop. They 
did so, and I approached to offer my hand to Nash. He was 
l.-lind and almost in syncope from loss of blood, but when 
he was told that Wm. Polk was standing near him, so wound- 
ed that he could not speak, Nash held out his hand and said : 
'"Good-bye, Polk, I am mortally wounded." 

In spite of his wound, ]\Iajor Polk remained near his 
command and went into winter quarters with the army at 
\^alley Forge. Thus, with his father. Col. Thomas Polk, 
he was one of that guard of faithful Continentals who clung 
to the fortunes of Washington through the want and misery 
of that dreadful winter. 

In ^larch, 1T78, the nine North Carolina regiments 
serving with Washington were so reduced by death and ex- 
piration of short terms of enlistment, that the state consoli- 
dated them into four regiments, retiring the supernumerary 


(.fficers by lot. It was the misfurtune of Major Polk to lose 
his command in this way. 

On his return to the South, Major Polk engaged in the re- 
cruiting service, and also in expeditions against the Tories in 
North and South Carolina. During this service he became 
associated with Andrew Jackson and they became fast friends, 
that friendship lasting through life. 

When Gates was assigned to command of the Southern 
Army, Major Polk became a member of the stafif of Major Gen- 
eral Caswell, and was present witli him at the disastrous de'feat 
at Camden. After the fall of Baron de Kalb, and the rout was 
complete, through his knowledge of the country he guided 
successfully the retreat of the regular and militia troops 
through the woods and by-ways. 

Alajor Polk next joined General William Davidson. After 
the retreat of Cornwallis from Charlotte, following the vic- 
tory of King's Mountain, Major Polk was sent to Gates, and 
afterwards to Governor Thomas Jefferson of Virginia, and to 
the Maryland Council, to inform them of the deplorable condi- 
tion of aft'airs in Charlotte and Salisbury. 

In 1780, when Greene relieved Gates of command of the 
army at Charlotte, he ordered ]\Iajor William Polk to accom- 
pany and assist General Kosciusko in selecting a better camp- 
ing district for the army; one where provisions were more 
plentiful. The army was then established on the Pedee. 
Major Polk then returned to Charlotte to help General David- 
son raise a force of militia from Alecklenburg, Iridell, Rowan 
and Lincoln Counties. With eight hundred men enlisted. 
Davidson in January following marched to the assistance of 
General Morgan on his hurried retreat from the success of 
Cowpens. As the British under Cornwallis were crossing the 
Catawba at Cowan's Ford, in pursuit of the Americans, David- 
son and his new troops attacked them. Cornwallis' horse was 
killed under him. Davidson, mortally wounded, fell into the 
arms of Major Polk who was riding by his side. The Militia 
then gave way and scattered. Major Polk rallied as many as 
he cuuld, led them to Salem, and reported for service to 
General George Pickens before Green crossed the Dan, skir- 
mishing with the rear of Cornwallis' army, and afterwards 


following Tarlton and the Royalist Colonel Pyle into the coun- 
try of the Dan. Major Polk was conspicuously gallant and 
distinguished in the hard fought battle at Guilford, C. H. 

Soon after the l3attle of Guilford, C. H., and the retreat 
of Cornwallis to \\'ilmington, Major Polk received a com- 
mission as Lieutenant Colonel from Governor John Rutledge, 
of South Carolina, and was ordered to raise a regiment of 
Swoi'dsmen an'd Mounted Infantry, to be called t'he Fourth 
Regiment, South Carolina Horse. Inside of a month he had 
enlisted two-thirds of the regiment and reported to General 
Sumner, operating between the British posts of Camden and 
Ninety Six. Joined with the force of Colonel Wade Hampton, 
they marched sixty miles in seventeen hours, surprised the 
British outpost at Friday's Ferry, on the Congaree, killing 
twenty-seven and burning the blockhouse in sight of Fort 

Col. Polk next joined Sumpter at the siege of Orange- 
burg, helping to capture that post. He was then ordered to 
report to General Francis Marion, before Fort Mott, but be- 
fore his arrival there the British garrison had surrendered. He 
took an active part in the operations against the British posts 
near Charleston. At Eutaw Springs the brigade was com- 
posed of Hampton's, Aliddleton's and Polk's regiments. This 
brigade, with Lee's Legion, covered the advance of Greene's 
Ime of battle and took position on the left, opposite the Light 
Infantry of Major JMajoribanks, one of the best officers in the 
British army. During the battle the Militia wavered, but 
Hampton, Polk and ]\Iiddleton rallied them. 

During an obstinate hand-to-hand fight with the British 
cavalry. Col. Polk's horse was shot dead and fell on him. 
A British soldier started to bayonet him, when a Sergeant 
with a stroke of his saber cut down the Briton and saved his 
Colonel's life. It was a desperate battle and in it Col. Wm. 
Polk's brother. Lieutenant Thomas Polk, was killed by a ball 
in the forehead. 

In his official report of the battle General Greene said: 
"Lieutenant Colonels Polk and Middleton were no less con- 
spicuous for their good conduct than their intrepidity, and 
the troops under their command gave a specimen of 



what may be expected from men naturally brave, when im- 
proved by proper discipline." 

The British retreating to Charleston, left nothing for the 
American cavalry to do but skirmish and picket, and in such 
service Col. William Polk and his command engaged until 
peace was made and the army disbanded. 

Among the interesting incidents of Colonel Wm. Polk's 
military career was an encounter with the gallant British 
drag-oon Tarlton, then a mere lad like himself, in his raid upon 
the Waxhaw. But beyond a few words of Andrew Jackson, 
relating to a surprise of Polk and himself by British cavalry 
under the dashing young Englishman, we have little know- 
ledge of the circumstances of the meeting. It appears to 
have occurred upon an occasion when the British cavalry 
caught the "Rebels' defiling through a long lane bordered 
by high rail fences. That good use was made of the oppor- 
tunity is shown by the straits to which Jackson and Polk were 
put in order to make their escape, and may be inferred from 
Tarlton's well known capacity as a commander of cavalry. 

Though but a lad when he was commissioned, William 
Polk was a stalwart man, six feet four inches in height, and of 
great strength. Sabres were difficult to obtain in the Amer- 
can colonies, and his sword was made for him from a scythe 
blade. He was often engaged at the head of his troops in 
hand-to-hand encounters with the enemy's cavalry. In one 
of these a sturdy British soldier singled him out and made 
a furious assault upon him. For a time the issue was doubt- 
ful, but Polk, beating down his adversary's guard, struck the 
gallant fellow squarely upon the crown of his head and clove 
him almost to the chin. 

In 17s;5, after the close of the war. Colonel Polk served 
his State and County in various civic capacities. The Legis- 
lature of North Carolina appointed him Surveyor General of 
the Middle District, now in Tennessee. He remained there 
until llsn, and was twice elected a member of the House of 
Commons, representing Davidson County in that body. In 
1787 he was elected to the General Assembly of North Caro- 
lina, from his native county of Mecklenburg, which he con- 
tinued to rcjjre^ent until he was nominated by President 


Washing-ton and confirmed l:)y the Senate, as Supervisor of the 
Revenue for the District of North Carolina. This of- 
fice he held for seventeen years, through the admin- 
istrations of Washington, Adams and Jefferson, and until 
the Internal Revenue laws were repealed. 

In 1789 Col. ^\'m. I'ulk, then thirty-one years of age, mar- 
ried Grizelda Gilchrist, daug'hter of a Scotch gentleman, and 
granddaug-hter of Robert Jones, a prominent lawyer of Hali- 
fax. Two children were born to them. Mrs. Polk died in 
1799. Col. Polk soon after moved to Raleigh, where in 1801 he 
married Sarah, daughter of Col. Philemon Hawkins and a 
sister of Governor Hawkins. l)f this second union twelve 
children were born, one of whom was Leonidas Polk, Bishop 
of Louisiana and Lieut. General Confederate States Army, 
who fell during the Civil War at Pine Alountain, Ga., June 
14, 186L 

In 1811 Col. Wm. Polk was made a director of the State 
Bank of North Carolina and was chosen President by the 
Board. He filled this ofiice until 1819, resigning in order 
to devote his attention to his estate in Tennessee, comprising 
100,000 acres of land. 

On ]\Iarch 25, 1812, Col. Wm. Polk was appointed by 
President Madison, with consent of the Senate, a Brigadier 
General in the Army of the United States. This commission, 
much to his subsequent regret, he declined on political 
srrounds, thinking- — erroneouslv as he afterwards saw — that 
his position as a staunch and very prominent Federalist for- 
bid his acceptance of the flattering but well earned distinction 
from ]\Ir. J\Iadison's administration. 


When LaFayette returned to America in 1824, and made 
his memorable tour through the states in that and the follow- 
ing year, Col. Wm. Polk was one of the commissioners ap- 
pointed to assist in doing the honors of the State to his old 
comrade in arms. By request of Governor Burton, Col. Polk 
raised a military escort of cavalry from Mecklenburg and 
Cabarrus counties. At Halifax the cortege was met by Gen- 
eral Daniel, Col. Polk, the military companies, and many citi- 



zens on horseback. It had been arranged that the Lidies were 
to waive their handkerchiefs as soon as LaFayette came in 
sight, and when General Daniel exclaimed: "Welcome, La- 
Fayette!" the whole company was to repeat the welcome 
after him. Unluckily, the ladies misunderstood the pro- 
gramme, waited too long, and were reminded of their duty 
by a stentorian command of "Flirt ladies, flirt, flirt, I say!" 
from General Daniel as he walked down the line to meet La- 
Fayette. "Great country! great country!" exclaimed La- 
Fayette to Col. Polk, who was vainly trying not to smile. 

Col. Polk and LaFayette rode together in a barouche 
drawn by four iron-grey horses. The Governo-r received him 
in the vestibule and escorted him to the reception chamber, 
where he was welcomed in a formal address. 

At the conclusion the company was amused with a spec- 
tacular scene. La Fayette and Col. Polk, both had been 
wounded at Brandywine. \t the conclusion of Col. Polk's 
address, from the steps of the Capitol, LaFayette turned to 
him and before the old soldier knew what he was about, threw 
his arms around his neck and tried to kiss him on the cheek 
Col. Polk straightened himself up to his full height of six 
feet four, instinctively throwing his head back to escape the 
osculatory act. but LaFayette, being a dapper little fellow, 
tiptoed and hung on to the grim giant, while a shout of laught- 
er burst from the spectators and was with some difificulty 
turned into a cheer. 

LaFayette spoke but little English, and he undestood 
less. He had retained a few phrases, which he would utter, 
generally in an effective manner, but sometimes ludicrously 
malapropos. "Thanks, my dear friend! Great country! 
Happy man! Oh, I member!" were nearly his whole vocab- 

During a stay of three days at Raleigh, LaFayette was 
abundantly feted and was very gracious. Tradition says he 
had a voracious appetite. On shaking hands his invariable 
salutation would be: "How do you do, my son? How do 
you do?" When old soldiers were presented he would in- 
variably ask the question: "Are you married?" If the reply 
was "Yes, sir," he would reply, "Happy man, happy man!" 



If the reply was "No, sir," he would reply: ''Lucky dog, luckv 
dog!" An immigrant from France, being presented, informed 
him of the recent death of his wife, and received the me- 
chanical reply: "Happ}' man! happy man!" 

Of Col. A\"m. Polk's influence on the State of Tennessee, 
Governor Swain of North Carolina said : 

"He was the contemporary and personal friend and as- 
sociate of Andrew Jackson, not less heroic in war. and quite 
as sagacious, and more successful in private life. It is known 
that Col. Polk greatly advanced the interests and enhanced 
the wealth of the hero of New Orleans by information fur- 
nished him from his field notes as a surveyor, and in directing 
Jackson in his selection of valuable tracts of land in the State 
of Tennessee ; that to Samuel Polk, the father of the Presi- 
dent, he gave the agency of renting and selling his (W'm. 
Polk's) immense and valuable estate in lands in the most 
fertile section of that state; that as first President of the 
Bank of North Carolina, he made Jacob Johnson, the father 
of President Andrew Johnson, its first porter; so that of the 
three native North Carolinians who entered the White House 
through the gates of Tennessee, all were indebted alike for 
benefactions, and for promotion to a more favorable position 
in life, to the same individual. Col Wm. Polk. 

Col. Wm. Polk took a prominent part in the ceremonies 
of unveiling Canova's statue of Washington, at Raleigh, in 
1821. The statue reached that city on Dec. Slth, and the 
Raleigh Register published a lengthly account of the pro- 
ceedings attending its acceptance and dedication. On the 
Fayetteville road, south of Raleigh, the statue was met by a 
concourse of State officials, members of the Assembly, and 
other citizens. A procession was formed at 3 o'clock, on the 
ground where the statue was halted. As the processirn 
moved the artillery drawn up in front of the Capitol fired a 
salute of twenty-four guns. The Adjutant General of the 
State was Marshal of the Day and had charge of all the de- 
tails of business. 



When this imposing pageant had reached the Capitol, 
Col. Wm. Polk delivered an oration to the assembled multi- 


Colonel William Polk died at his residence in Raleigh, 
on January ith, 1834, in the seventy-sixth year of his age, 
his life having been one of great activity and filled with many 
exciting episodes. His splendid services to the cause of free- 
dom during the Revolution, his talent for command and his 
fearlesness in battle, had endeared him to every patriot in 
North and South Carolina. His funeral was attended with 
military honors. Pie was an ardent member of the patriotic 
order of the Societly of the Cincinnati, founded at the close 
of the Revolution and composed of officers of the patriot 
army. He was the last surviving field officer of the North 
Carolina line in the war for independence. 





at Raleigh, N. C. 



TILD s f 


"^■■•^OAT I.ON8. 

POLK F A M I L V A N D K I A' S M E N 147 


Dr. W^illiam J. Polk, second child of Colonel William 
Polk and Grizelda (Gilchrist) Polk, was born in ^Mecklenburg 
County, X. C, March 21, 1793. He graduated at the Univer- 
sity of North Carolina, in 1813, at the age of twenty years; 
studied medicine and took his degree of ^I. D. at the Phila- 
delphia ]^Iedical University. He first settled in Fayetteville, 
X. C, and began practice, but soon afterwards marrying Miss 
Long, a grand-daughter of General Allen Long, of Halifax, he 
moved to Mecklenburg County and commenced planting. His 
father leaving him a large body of land in Tennessee, he re- 
moved to that state in 1835 and made Columbia his future 

"Dr. Polk's life," said his son, ]\Iajor Allen J. Polk, in a 
letter to the writer: "Was calm, uneventful, cultivated, high- 
toned and honorable. Possessed of ample means he preferred 
the quiet of home and his books to the pursuit of office and 
political honors. It was with reluctance that he even accept- 
ed the Presidency of the Bank of Tennessee at Columbia." He 
was for years a member of the Episcopal church, and died 
happily, before he could see his country torn by Civil War, 
in 1861. 


Gen. Lucius Eugene Polk, fourth son of Dr. William J. 
Polk and IMary (Long) Polk, was one of the bravest and 
most distinguished officers of the Confederate Army in the 
Civil War, and a worthy descendent of gallant and distin- 
guished Revolutionary ancestors who fought under Wash- 
ington, Greene, and other noted leaders. 

General Lucius E. Polk was born July 10, 1833, in Salis- 
bury, X. C. He was educated at the University of Virginia, 


and settled in Phillips County, Arkansas, near Helena, where 
he engaged in planting, his plantation being near that of his 
brother, Major Allen J. Polk. When the Civil War came on, 
he enlisted as a private in a company raised by Capt. Patrick 
R. Cleburne. This company was named the "Yell Rifles," 
in honor of the distinguished Col. Yell, of that State, who 
gained prominence in the Mexican War. The "Yell Rifles" 
became distinguished, not only for intrepid conduct under 
the lead of Captain "Pat" Cleburne, but because of the num- 
ber 'Cfi generals it turned out — Cleburne, Hardeman, Polk and 

Shortly after Lucius E. Polk joined Cleburne's Company, 
he was made Third Lieutenant, a position formerly desig- 
nated as Ensign in the old army organization. Cleburne being 
elected Colonel of the regiment. Lieutenant Polk commanded 
his company in the battle of Shiloh, being in the hottest of 
the fight, and losing a fourth of his men in killed and wound- 
ed. Lieutenant Polk also received a wound in the face. Col- 
onel Harris, commander of the regiment, and also the Lieu- 
tenant Colonel, being killed, the Major wounded and made a 
prisoner, Lieutenant Polk was unanimously chosen as Colo- 
nel of the regiment, a few days after the battle. 

In the retreat from Corinth, when hard pressed by the 
Federal Army under Halleck and Grant, Col. Lucius E. Polk's 
regiment covered the Confederate rear and strenuously 
resisted the enemy's advance, destroying the corduroy 
bridges across the deep, unfordable streams, compelling 
the Federals to construct others in order to maintain a steady 

It is said that there were forty-five Polks, on the Con- 
federate side, in the l^attle of Shiloih, and tliere was several 
of the same name, from Kentucky, Illinois, Indiana and other 
states, among the Union troops engaged. 

Cleburne's Brigade sopn became the most famous fight- 
ing corps in the Southern Army, and was noted at all times 
for its headlong iM-avery in action. It was with General E. 
Kirby Smith in September, 18G2, when he advanced from 
Knoxville, flanked the Federal General George W. Morgan's 
division, out of Cumberland Gap, and invaded Kentucky. 



of North Carolina. 


TILDrN F01;ndATI0N8. 


With General Kirby Smith, and generally in the advance 
was Cleburne's brigade, including the regiment of Col. Lu- 
cius E. Polk. At the battle of Richmond, August 30, 1862, 
Col. Polk's regiment bore a conspicuous part and he was 
wounded in the head. As he fell from his horse, General 
Cleburne dismounted to see if he was dead, also received 
a wound in the face. They were both in the saddle again a 
few weeks later, at the battle of Perryville, October Sth, 
where, after desperate conflict with Buell, Bragg's army re- 

The Confederate forces in this battle were commanded 
by General Lucius E. Polk's uncle, Lieutenant General Leon- 
idas Polk. Bragg's and Kirby Smith's armies, now united, 
retreated out of Kentucky by way of Danville, Harrodsburg, 
Crab Orchard, London and Cumberland Gap, to Knoxville. 
From the latter place most of it went to Chattanooga and 
there awaited the approach of General Rosencranz, who had 
superseded Buell in command of the Federal forces after the 
battle of Perryville. 

At the battle of Perryville, Col. Polk received another 
wound, his third one, in the foot. General Cleburne, who 
was at his side, was also wounded, being shot in the leg 
They were both disabled for several weeks. Meantime Col. 
Polk was promoted to the rank of Brigadier General and 
placed in command of Cleburne's old brigade, that officer 
being made a division commander. 

The battle of Stone River (or Murfreesboro, as it is call- 
ed by the Confederates) took place on December 30th and 
31st, 1862, and January 1st, 1863. It was one of the most 
sanguinary battles of the war and was ended by the retreat 
of the Confederates. In this battle, as it did on every occa- 
sion, Cleburne's Division performed conspicuous service, 
Polk's Brigade increasing the military renown of its leader. 

After the battle of Ringold Gap, General Cleburne wrote 
to Brigadier Generals Polk and Long and Colonels Govan 
and Cranberry: 'T must return my thanks. Four better of- 
ficers are not in the service of the Confederacy. The conduct 
of officers and men in this fight needs no comment; so far 
as I know, every man did his whole duty." 


In appreciation of their services, the Confederate Con- 
gress, by joint resolution, returned thanks to Major General 
Cleburne and the officers and men under his command. After 
the defeat of the Confederates at Lookout Mountain and Mis- 
sinary Ridge, General Polk's Brigade and the rest of Cle 
burn's division, retired in good order. In the retreat General 
Polk covered the rear with his veteran brigade, and at Ringold 
Gap, v^^here Hooker's Corps was launched heavily against 
him, he made a stout resistance and gave it a bloody repulse 
after which the pursuit by the Federals ended. 

General Polk was also with General Jos. Johnston in his 
masterly retreat to Atlanta, in which was verified the maxim 
of Fabius that "A good retreat is better than a doubtful 

The Ijattle of Chickamauga, the most sanguinary conflict 
of the war, according to the number of troops engaged, was 
fought on September 19th and 20th, 1863. Here General 
Lucius E. Polk again distinguished himself. Major General 
John C. Breckinridge said of Cleburne's division, of which 
Polk's l:)rigade formed a part: "Having received permission 
from Lieutenant General Hill to make another charge, the 
division advanced with intrepidity, under a severe fire, and 
dashed over the left of the intrenchments. In passing them, I 
saw on my left the right wing of Major General Cleburne, 
whose brave division turned the center." 

This right wing of Cleburne's division was the brigade 
of General Lucius E. Polk. In his report of tlie battle. Gen- 
eral Cleburne said: "I have already incidentally called at- 
tention to the gallant conduct of Brigadier General Polk, but 
it is due him and the country, which wishes to appreciate its 
faithful servants today, that to the intrepidity and stern de- 
termination of purpose of himself and men I am principally 
indebted for the success of the charge on Sunday evening, 
whicli drove the enemy from the breastworks and gave us 
the victory." 

Sherman being assigned to command of the Federal 
army, concentrated his troops, amounting to ninety thousand 
men, at Tunnel Hill, Ga., in order to advance on Atlanta. In 
all the fighting, from Tunnell Hill to Kenesaw Mountain, 



of Arkansas, Major Gen'l C. S. A. 

THE NEWYu..:, 




General Lucius E. Polk's brigade was conspicuous for its 
gallantry. At Kenesaw Mountain, where Sherman made a 
desperate assault on the Confederate intrenchments and was 
bloodily repulsed. General Lucius E. Polk's horse was killed 
under him, by a fragment of a shell. General Polk also re- 
ceived a severe wound in one of his legs — his fourth one. He 
refused to allow the surgeons to amputate his leg, suffered 
from it for a long time, and never entirely recovered its use 
General Lucius E. Polk rose by his own merits and ser- 
vices. He w^as a handsome, distinguished looking man, brave, 
modest and disinclined to talk about his deeds. He was averse 
to discussing the events of the war. except with old comrades. 
So modest was he, it is said, that he refused even to write or 
furnish a sketch of his life when urged to do so by his alma 
mater. Covered with wounds that attested his valor on the 
field, beloved by all who knew him, he died at his home near 
Columbia. Tennessee, in October, 1894. The last years of his 
life were devoted to planting. 



Dr. Thomas G. Polk, third child of Dr. William J. Polk 
and ^lary (Long) Polk, was born in Mecklenburg County, 
N. C, December 5, 1825 ; died at Decatur, Alabama, June 14. 
1877. He graduated from the Jefferson Medical College, Phil- 
adelphia, and was an Assistant Surgeon in the Mexican War. 
On account of poor health during the Civil War, being un- 
able for the more active field duties, he was a volunteer aid 
on the staff' of General J. C. Tappan, at Banks' defeat on Red 
River, and also served at the battles of Vicksburg, Mansfield 
and Pleasant Hill. 

Dr. Thomas G. Polk married, in 1851, Miss Lavenia C. 
Wood, a descendant of the distinguished Mason family of 
Virginia, by whom he had issue : ^Mary Polk, -Caroline 
Polk, '^Grizelda Polk, nVilliam J. Polk. 

Mary, the eldest child of Dr. Thomas G. Polk, married 
William Littlejohn, of Memphis, Tennessee, and had issue: 
^Thomas, -Margaret, "Lavenia. Margaret married William 

Caroline, second child of Dr. Thomas G. Polk and La- 
venia (Wood) Polk, married Hamilton S. Homer, of Helena, 
Arkansas, and had two children : ^John Sidney and -Minnie 
Polk Homer. 

Grizelda Polk, third child of Dr. Thomas G. Polk and La- 
vemia (Wood) Polk, married Henry R. Stirling, oif Lower 
Louisiana, and had one child: Mary B. Stirling. 

William J. Polk, fourth child of Dr. Thomas G. Polk, and 
I^avinia (Woo'd) Polk, married Euola Greenleaf and has one 
child, Magdalen Tasker Polk. 

Mary Jones Polk, daughter of Dr. William J. folk and 
Mary (Long) Polk, married Col. Joseph G. Branch, of Ark- 
ansas, by whom she had four c'hildren : ^Mary Branch, 
-Lucia r.ranch, "Lawrence Branch, '^Joseph Branch. 


Mary Branch married Dr. Chas. Winn, and they have one 
child. Lawrence Branch Winn. 

Lucia Branch married W'iHiam Howard, of St. Louis. 
They have, also, one child, Gerald Howard. 

General Lucius E. Polk, son of Dr. A\'illiam J. Polk and 
Mary (Long) Polk, married his cousin. Sallie Moore Polk, 
daughter of Rufus K. Polk and Sarah (Jackson) Polk, and 
they had issue: ^Rufus King Polk, -Rebecca Polk, ^Lucius 
Polk, nVilliam Polk, ^James K. Polk. 

Rufus King Polk married Isabella Greer, of Pennsvl- 
vania, and they had two children : ^Emma Polk, -Porter 

Rebecca Polk married Scott Hardin of Tennessee, and 
had issue: ^Sarah P., -Benjamin, ^Lucius. The other three 
children of General Lucius E. Polk, at last accounts, were 


Another Polk who attained to distinction as a soldier 
in the Civil War, and by his gallantry shed additional lustre 
en a family of soldiers, was Col. Cadwallader Polk, a brother 
of General Lucius Polk, and nephew of Major General 
Thomas G. Polk and Lieutenant General Leonidas Polk. 

Here we have, in this branch of the family emenating 
from \\'illiam Polk and Margaret Taylor, seven descendants, 
who attained to eminent military distinction, viz: General 
Thomas Polk, and his son Colonel William Polk, of the Re- 
volution. General Thomas G. Polk and his brother Lieu- 
tenant General Leonidas Polk, sons of Colonel William Polk ; 
General Lucius E. Polk, Colonel Cadwallader Polk, and Capt. 
Rufus K. Polk, all brothers and grandsons of Colonel William 

Colonel Cadwallader Polk, was the sixth child of Dr, 
William J. Polk and Mary (Long) Polk, and was born in 
Columbia, Tenn.. October 11, 18:38. He graduated at the 
L'niversitv of North Carolina and was among the first to 
join the colors of the South, at the outbreak of the Civil War, 
as a Second Lieutenant in Manny's First Tennessee Infantry. 
His regiment being sent to Lee's army in the East, he served 



under Stonewall Jackson in his numerous marches and battles 
in Virg-inia and West Virginia. On the return of his regi- 
ment to the Western army, he was with it at Shiloh. After 
his term of enlistment expired, he joined Hindman's Legion 
and campaigned in Northern Arkansas and Southern Miss- 
ouri, being commissioned a Major in one of the new regi- 

He was next promoted to the rank of Lieutenant Colonel 
and in the battle of Prairie Grove, in Arkansas, was des- 
perately wounded and left on the field for dead. Placed in 
a Federal hospital, he slowly recovered from his wound and 
was exchanged. Under General Holmes, he participated in 
the battle of Helena, part of which was fought on the Polk 
plantations. After the promotion of his old Colonel, he was 
elected to the command of his regiment and led it in the 
battles of Little Rock and Jenkins' Ferry, serving until the 
surrender of the Confederate Army at Appomattox. He then 
settled down to the life of a planter, near his brothers, Allen J. 
Polk and Rufus K. Polk, near Helena. 

Colonel Cadwallader Polk married Miss Carrie Lowry, 
of Louisiana, and they had issue: ^William J., -Anna T.. 
"Walter. ^Cadwallader. -''Nina, and *^Edwin M. 

William J. Polk, eldest child of Colonel Cadwallader Polk 
and Carrie (Lowry) Polk married Lulu Donnell, in January, 
1891, and had issue: ^George Polk, -Caroline Polk. 

Anna T. Polk, married Christopher Agee, Xov. 10. 1890, 
and had issue: Walter Polk, born September, 1891. 

Nina Polk, married William Crolidge, November, 1893. 
and had issue : ^William, born January, 1895 ; -Elizabeth, 
born January, 1897. 


Captain Rufus J. Polk, seventh child of Dr. William J 
Polk and ]\Iary (Long) Polk, was born in Columbia, Tenn- 
essee, in 184J:. \\'hen the Civil War began he was eighteen 
years of age and a student at the University of North Caro- 
lina. Leaving that institution as soon as hostilities began at 
Fort Sumi)ter, he joined the Confederate Army, was made a 


Second Lieutenant of Artillery, and assigned to Hume's Bat- 
tery at Island Xo. 10, in the Mississippi, where his guns were 
principally engaged against the ironclad vessels of the Federal 
navy under Commodore Foote, Ellet, and others. On the 
capture of the Island by the Federal army and navy, Captain 
Polk was made a prisoner and sent to Camp Chase, later 
transferred to Johnson's Island, where he remained six 
months, when he was exchanged at X'^icksburg and appointed 
Adjutant of Col. Baker's regiment. A short time afterward 
he was appointed to the position of Captain and Aide-de- 
Camp on the staff of his brother. General Lucius E. Polk, 
serving with him through the Georgia Campaign and until 
the end of the war. He was with General Forrest on his 
raid into Middle Tennessee. After his brother was wounded, 
he served on the staff of General Armstrong, and at the battle 
of Selma. the last but one of the Civil War, he was wounded 
in the arm. 

Captain Rufus J. Polk was married in 1867 to Aliss Cyn- 
thia Alartin, daughter of Geo. A\'. ^Martin and Xarcissa (Pil- 
low) ^lartin, of Tennessee. He removed to Little Rock. 
Arkansas, and they had issue : ^Lucien Eugene Polk. -Rufus 
T Polk, ^William Julius Polk, ■*Charles Leonidas Polk. 


:\Iajor Allen J. Polk, second child of Dr. William J. Polk 
and ^lary (Long) Polk, was born ]\Iarch 5, 1S2-1, at Farm- 
ville, X. C. and died at Helena, Ark., 1897. He was educated 
at the L'niversity of Xorth Carolina, at Chapel Hill, the alma 
mater of so many of his kinsmen. After graduation, he studied 
law with his brother-in-law. Judge Russell Houston, at 
Columbia, Tenn. At the age of twenty-one he removed from 
Columbia to Helena, Ark., where he engaged in cotton plant- 
ing with marked success, accumulating a fortune estimated 
at over $200,000. This he lost during the Civil War, a large 
part of it being in slaves. Carpet-bag domination in the South 
after the war created conditions that were unbearable to the 
whites, forcing many of them to move to states further Xorth 
in order to secure protection to themselves and families. In 


Major Polk's county the population numbered 5,000 whites 
and 15,000 negroes. Quitting his plantation, Major Polk 
moved to Louisville, purchasing a home at St. Matthews, 
near that city, where the writer visited him and was most 
hospitably entertained during the 'TO's. Here he remained 
for several years, until Carpetbag rule v/as expelled from the 
South, when he returned to Arkansas, resumed planting, and 
resided there until his death. 

A man of high intelligence, genial, courteous, courtly 
in manner, and a delightful conversationalist. Major Polk 
charmed all with whom he came in contact. No one under- 
stood better than he the art of entertaining friends. In her 
sketch of Major Polk, published in the American Historical 
Magazine, Miss Mary Winder Garrett says of him: "He spent 
much time in Washington. He was a man widely known for 
his brilliant social qualities, high culture, genial disposition 
and personal magnetism, numbering many of the most noted 
men of the day among his personal friends. Major Allen 
Polk derived his title from the commission he held during 
the Civil War, in General Hindman's Arkansas Legion. He 
was never in active service, but used his means and influence, 
with untiring zeal, in behalf of the South." 

In 1859 Major Allen J. Polk married Miss Anna Clark Fitz- 
hugh, of Louisville, daughter of Judge Dennis Fitzhugh, and 
grand-niece of Gen'l George Rogers Clark, and Gov. William 
Clark of Missouri. She was also related to the Fitz- 
hugh family of Virginia. She possessed an ample fortune, which 
united with that of her husband, made them a very wealthy 

Major Allen Polk cared little for political honors, but 
made several "experiments," as he termed them, in Arkansas, 
making the race for the Legislature in 1851: and 1856, and for 
the Constitutional Convention in 1868. Speaking to the writer 
about these "experiments," he said : "My popularity was not 
sufficiently great to elect me in the first two instances; my 
color and nati\'ity were against me in the last." 



General Thos. G. Polk, eldest son of Col. William Polk 
and Grizzle Gilchrist, was born Feb. 22, 1791. in Mecklen- 
burg County, X. C. He graduated at the University of Xorth 
Carolina in the class of 1809. He studied law and obtained a 
license to practice, but possessing an ample fortune, he did 
not pursue his profession. He represented his native county 
in the House of Commons, in the years 1823, 1821 and 1825. 
He moved to Salisbury, S. C, where he married Aliss ]\Iary 
Trotter. He represented Rowan County in the House of 
Commons in the years 1829, 1830, 1831 and 1832. He was 
Senator for that district in 1835 and 1830. In 1833 he was a 
candidate for Governor. There were three candidates in the 
field, and no one having a majority of the votes cast. Gov. 
David S. Swain was chosen by the Legislature. 

General Polk was for many years Alajor General of Militia 
of his district. In 1838 he moved to Tennessee and settled at 
La Grange, where he resided but a short time, removing 
thence to Holly Springs, Miss. General Polk was said to have 
been an effective political speaker. He was a Whig in politics. 
He was tendered the nomination for Governor of Mississippi, 
but declined so hopeless a race. 

In the ^lexican War, General Polk offered his services to 
President Polk, and was recommended by most of the leading 
men of both parties in that State for an appointment as Brig- 
adier General. It was not then esteemed a virtue to fill 
offices with relatives, and President Polk declined giving him 
the appointment, as he also did in a similar application in 
behalf of his own brother, Col. Wm. H. Polk, who was highly 

General Thos. G. Polk died during the Civil War at Holly 
Springs, Mississippi. His children who survive him, or who 
have left issue, are: Wm. Polk, of Louisiana; Mary, wife of 
Hon. George Davis, of Wilmington, X. C. ; and Emily, of 
Holly Springs, ]\Iiss. 



General Lucius Junius Polk, third son of Colonel William 
Polk, by his second wife. Sarah (Hawkins) Polk, was born 
March 16, 18U2, and was twice married. His first wife was 
Miss Alary Easten, a niece of General Andrew Jackson, the 
marriage ceremony taking place in the AMiite House while 
Jackson was President of the United States. She presided 
there for President Jackson, up to the time of her marriage. 
The second wife of General Lucius J. Polk was ]\Irs. Ann 
Pope (nee Erwin) widow o'f \\'m. Polk. Ten of his children 
reached maturity, eight l)y the first and two by the second 

General Lucius J. Polk was an elegant gentleman, cul- 
tivated, refined, and courtly. His mother was a sister ot 
Governor Hawkins, of North Carolina. Lie graduated at the 
L'niversity of North Carolina in 1822, and located in Maury 
County, Tennessee, where he resided until his death. He 
lived in elegant style and entertained most hospitably. He 
made an exciting canvass for Senator from Maury County, 
against General Littlefield, an old politician, and fine speaker, 
and defeated him. Satisfied with public life, he could never 
again be induced to enter the policital field. He obtained his 
title of General from Governor Brown, of Tennessee, in Vne 

General Lucius J. Polk's children were: By first wife, 
}.Iiss Easten : ^Sarah Rachel Polk, -Mary Brown Polk. 
"Emily Donaldson Polk, "^William Polk, "'Eliza Easten Polk, 
^'Frances Anne Polk, "Susan Rel^ecca and ^George Washing- 
ton Polk (twins). By his second wife, Mrs. Ann (Erwin) 
Pope, he had: *^Lucius Julius Polk, ^'^Elvira Juliet Polk. 

Sarah Rachel Polk, eldest child of General Lucius J. 
Polk, married Capt. Robin Cadwallader Jones, of Hillsboro. 
N. C. He was killed in the Civil War, at Brandy Station, 
Va. He was an officer in General Wade Hampton's com- 
mand. Five of their children attained to maturity, viz : ^Alary 
Polk Jones, -Rebecca Edwards Jones, "Robin Jones, ^Sarah 
Polk Jones, •'"'Lucy C. Jones. 



of North Carolina and Tennessee. 


Mary Polk Junes, the eldest child, married Col. D. B. 
Cooper, of Xashville, Tenn. She died in 1893, leaving five 
children : ^Sarah Polk Cooper, -\Mlliam F. Cooper, ^Robin 
Jones Cooper, ^Alary Brown Cooper, -^Duncan Brown Cooper. 

Sarah Polk Jones, fourth child of Capt. Robin Cadwallader 
Jones, married J. C. Bradford, Attorney-at-law, Xashville. 
Tenn., issue : ^Thomas Bradford, -Sarah Polk Bradford. 

Lucy Cadwallader Jones, youngest child of Capt. Robin 
Cadwallader Jones, married Stanley B. Herndon, of ^lobile, 
Ala. They had issue : ^Robin Jones Herndon, -Virginia 
Herndon. ^Jones Herndon. 

Mary Brown Polk, second child of General Lucius J. 
Polk, married Col. Henry C. Yeatman. an officer on the stafif 
of General Leonidas Polk. She died in 1891, leaving issue: 
^Mary Badger Yeatman ; -Henry Clay Yeatman. who died 
December 20, 1896; ^Russell Houston Yeatman, died 1893; 
•*Tryvant Player Yeatman; ^Jane Bell Yeatman; "^Lucia Polk 

Emily D. Polk, third child of General Lucius J. Polk, 
married Major J. Minick A\'illiams, also a stafif officer with 
General Leonidas Polk and J. B. Stuart. She died in 1891, 
leavingf issue : ^Henrv Yeatman AA'illiams. who married 
Louisa Pileber, of Xashville, no issue; -James Minick A\'ill- 
iams, attorney-at -law ; '"'Lucius Polk AMlliams of Texas ; 
■*Xannie M. Williams, died in 1890; ^Eliza Polk AVilliams, died 
in 1892; ^^Priscilla Shelby Williams. 

William Polk, fourth child and eldest son of General 
Lucius J. Polk, married Rebecca ]\Iayes and had one child 
that died in infancy. William was a soldier in the Confed- 
erate army, was wounded in one of the battles in which he was 
engaged, and by his gallantry and good conduct rose to the 
rank of Major. 

Frances Anne Polk, fifth child of General Lucius J. Polk, 
married Col. Edward Dillon, of Indian Rock, Botetourt Coun- 
ty, Virginia. Before the Civil War he was an officer in the 
Regular Army, afterwards a Colonel in the Confederate Army, 
serving in Van Dorn's command, in the Trans-Mississippi 
Department. Their children were: ^James R. Dillon, of 
Galveston, Texas; -Edward Dillon, ^Lucius Polk Dillon, ^Jno 


C. Dillon, ""Eliza Polk Dillon, ''Frances Polk Dillon, 'Frank 
C. Dillon. 

Eliza Polk, sixth child of General Lucius J. Polk, untraced. 
Her name appears on the Polk tree published in 1840. 

Susan Rebecca Polk, seventh child of General Lucius J. 
Polk, born July 7, 1847, married Major Campbell Brown, a 
cultivated gentleman of large fortune, living near Spring Hill. 
Tennessee. He was a g-randson of Governor Campbell, 
United States Minister to Russia, and also related to Col. 
William Campbell, of \'irginia, one of the captors of Col. Fer- 
guson at Kings' }^Iountain. ]\Iajor Campbell Brown served 
in the Confederate Army, on the staffs of General Ewell and 
General Joseph E. Johnston. He died in August 1893. The 
children of ]\Iajor Campbell Brown and Susan Rebecca Polk 
were: M.ucius Polk Brown, born August, 1867, married Jessie 
Roberts, daughter of Albert Roberts of Nashville, and great 
niece of Prof. T. H. Huxley, the Eng-lish scientist. They have 
one son, Campbell Huxley Brown, born October 25, isix; ; 
-Richard Ewell Brown, born January 12, 1869, a practicing 
physician in Xew York, and unmarried; "George Campbell 
Brown, born September 25, 1871. unmarried, a farmer, and re- 
sides near Spring Hill, Tenn. ;^Percy Brown and -"^Lizinka 
Brown (twins), born April 6, 1873. 

George Washington Polk, eighth child of General Lucius 
J. Polk, married Jane Jackson, of Florence. Ala. He resides 
in San Antonio. Texas, and is land agent for the Southern 
Pacific Railroad. He has three children : ^George Washing- 
ton Polk. -jSLule Jackson Polk. ^Henry Jackson Polk. 

Lucius Junius Polk. Jr.. ninth child of General Lucius 
J. Polk and Ann Pope (his second wife) was born in Tennes- 
see and resides at Galveston. Texas, where he is General Man- 
ager of the Gulf, Colorado & Santa Fe Railroad. He married 
Miss Daisy Cantrell. of Little Rock. Arkansas, and they have 
six children, viz: ^Armour Cantrell Polk, -Ann Leroy Polk, 
"Lucius Junius Polk, "^Margaret Wendell Polk. ^Daisy Can- 
trell Polk. '^Ellen Cantrell Polk. dead. 

F'lvira Juliet Polk, tenth and last child of General Lucius 
J. T^ilk and Ann Pope (his sea)nd; wife), married Horace 
Cooper, of Nashville.^ and has one child. Horace 



COL. W?.I. n. PilLK AND WIFE. 





Leonidas Polk, fourth son of Col. William Polk (second 
by his marriage with Miss Sarah Hawkins), was born at 
Raleigh, X. C, April 10, 1806. His early education was re- 
ceived at the Academy conducted by Rev. Dr. McPheeters, of 
that city. 

During his boyhood Leonidas was a leader in all the sports 
of his companions. In 1821 he matriculated in the University 
of North Carolina, at Chapel Hill, where he soon became 
exceedingly popular with his fellow students. He was a hand- 
some, well grown boy at that time and a great singer of 
patriotic songs. At the end of his second year at Chapel 
Hill he was appointed a cadet at West Point, which institu- 
tion he entered in June, 1823. 

One of 'his closest friends among the cadets was Albert 
Sidney Johnston, of the class before him. They were room 
mates until the latter graduated in 1826, and their friendship 
was strong and constant until Johnston's death on the bloody 
field of Shiloh, in the early days of the Civil War. 

In January, 1824 he passed his first examination, and 
in a class of ninety-six he stood fourth in mathematics ; in 
French, twenty-seventh. He graduated July 4, 1827. The 
year before, in 1826, he returned home on a furlough from the 
Academy, deply impressed with religious feelings and con- 
victions. One evening he was seated on the porch conversing 
with a friend, arice Waddell, a grandson of General Fran- 
cis Nash, who fell at Germantown in 1777. Col. Wm. Polk, 
who was present, spoke with enthusiasm of Nash, the Meck- 
lenburg Declaration, and of those who had fought and died 
for their country. 

Leonidas remarked that the principles of honor could 
only be strengthened and enforced by the principles of relig- 



ion. As soon as that view of the sul)ject was presented, the 
old sokiier rose, and. without a word, left the porch. 

A year later, Leonidas announced his intention to cast 
aside all the advantages he had earned at West Point, to 
abandon a military career, and exchange his uniform for a 
surplice. Col. Polk was deeply disappointed. He could not 
understand the motive for such a resolve. To him the life 
of a soldier was the noblest life to which a gallant man could 
devote himself, and it had been his pride to think that Leo- 
nidas was destined to continue, and perhaps to add lustre to. 
the many military traditions of his family. 

To the intense regret of his father, Lieut. Leonidas Polk's 
resignation was forwarded to the Secretary of War, by whom 
it was accepted, and he prepared to enter upon his studies for 
the ministry. In Alay. 182S he became engaged at Raleigh 
to his former schoolmate, Frances Devereux, and on Nov. 
4th of the same year he began his studies for the ministry 
in the Seminary ai Alexandria. Completing his studies, he 
was ordained deacon at Richmond, Va., on Good Friday, 
April 9. l.s:30. 

On May l(3th following he was married to his affianced 
and returned to Richmond to enter on his duties as Assistant 
to Bishop Moore, in the Cure of the Monumental Church. 
On Tan. 2Tth, ISiU, his first child. Alexander Hamilton, was 
born, lie was ordained a priest in May 1831, at the Dio- 
cesan Convention at Norfolk, and the following August visit- 
ed Europe for the benefit of his health. 

In April. 18:5:5 he removed to Tennessee, on May loth 
reaching his brother Lucius' residence in Maury County 
His father. Col. W'm. Polk, owned a tract of five thousand 
acres of l.-md, known as "Rattle and Snap," which he divided 
between his four sons, Lucius L. Leonidas, Rufus K., and 
George W. b'arlv in 1.s:'>l. Col. Wm. Polk, his father, died 
in Raleigh nearly four score years of age. 

It i- but little know, and is rather an odd fact that 
Leonidas Polk's mother was one of the earliest railway pro- 
motcr< in the Lnited States; a line projected in North Caro- 
lina, a cheap, stra])-iron tramway costing $2,250 per mile, 
running from the east i)ortico of the Capitol at Raleigh to a 

POLK F A M I L Y A N D KI N S .U /;" N 





POLK FAMILY A N D K 1 X S M E i\ 173 

Stone quarry. It was called the "Experimental Railway," and 
was finished in 1833, when a handsome passenger car was put 
on the track "for the accommodation," as the directors an- 
nounced, "of such ladies and gentlemen as desired to take the 
exercise of a railroad airing." 

Crowds of people flocked in from the surrounding country 
and adjacent counties to avail themselves of the privilege, and 
it is recorded that no accidents occurred, the directors having 
prudently provided as the motive power of the train a safe old 
horse that was warranted not to run away ! 

]\Irs. Polk was not only the projector of the ""Experimental 
Railway," but was also one of the principal stockholders, and 
the soundness of her judgment was amply vindicated when the 
profits of the enterprise were found to amount to three hun- 
dred per cent, of the original investment. When the success 
of the Experimental Railway led to other railway enterprises 
of greater magnitude, >\Irs. Polk was not forgoitten ; and at a 
banquet given in honor of the first train drawn by steam power 
into Raleigh, a special toast was drunk : ""To the distinguished 
lady who suggested the construction of the Experimental Rail- 
way ; she well deserves a name among the benefactors of the 

In 1834 Leonidas Polk went to Raleigh, and the following 
Spring took charge of the Episcopal church at Columbia. In 
1835, on account of failing health, he traveled in Kentucky 
He was next made Bishop of the Southwest, his field embrac- 
ing Arkansas, the Texas Republic, Indian Territory, Alissis- 
sippi, Louisiana and Alabama. As such he was consecrated 
by Bishops Smith. Meade. Otey and McHvane. In the sum- 
mer of 1856 Bishop Polk announced his plan for founding a 
University at Sewanee, Tenn. In this he w^as ably seconded 
by Bishop Stephen Elliott, and on Oct. 6, 1860, the corner 
stone of the University of the South was laid at Sewanee by 
Bishop Polk. Bishop Otey, of Tennessee, presided, and the 
orator of the day was Col. John S. Preston, of South Carolina. 


The approaching mighty conflict of arms which during its 
progress drenched the land in fratricidal blood, now absorbed 



the attention of the people. The son and grandson of soldiers, 
and himself educated for that profession. Bishop Polk natur- 
ally took special interest in the approaching struggle. 

On Alay 14, ISGI, Bishop Polk wrote to Jefferson Davis, 
President of the Confederate States, about the exposed situa- 
tion of the Mississippi Valley States. In reply Air. Davis 
wrote from Alontgomery, Ala., on May 22d. closing his letter 
with the sentence: "It would gratify me very much to see 

Bishop Polk next visited Virginia, held services, and did 
what he could to sustain the cause of his people. 

Mr. Davis offered Iiim command of the Department of the 
West, but he declined it. Shortly afterward he offered him a 
commission as Brigadier General, to have command of the land 
and water defenses of the Mississippi, above the mouth of Red 
River. A few days later Air. Davis sent him an urgent re- 
quest to accept the commission of Major General, with prac- 
tically the same duties. Several delegations from the Missis- 
sippi Valley went to Richmond to urge Bis'hop Polk's accept 
ance of the tender and finally he consented. His commission 
as Alajor General was issued June 25, 1861, and a few days 
later he proceeded to take command of the department, with 
headquarters at Memphis. Neither Missouri nor Kentucky 
were included in his command. On July 38 General Pillow 
occupied New Madrid, Mo., with (i.OOO men, and Gen'l Hardee 
had 7,011(1 at Pocahontas. In Sept., 1861 Missouri and all 
Arkansas were added 'to Gen'l Polk's department. 

On August 38th General Fremont, the Federal Com- 
mander in Alissouri, assigned Brigadier General U. S. Grant 
to the command of Federal forces in Southeast Alissouri, to 
operate against Gen'l Polk's forces. A land and naval force 
was dispatched under Col. Wagner to occupy and hold Bel- 
mont, opposite Columbus. It landed there on Sept. 3d. On 
Nov. 7th, a little more than four days later, occurred the battle 
of Belmiint, at the close of which Gen'l Grant's force was 
driven fr(im the field and escaped by boats. 

Marcli ."), is(i3, Gen'l Beauregard assumed command of the 
First Division of the Western Department and placed Gen'l 
P'ilk in cimimand nf the forces at Humlxiidt. The designation 



of the army was now changed to that of the x\rmy of the ]\Iis- 
sissippi, and the army was divided into four corps, with Albert 
Sidney Johnston as Commander-in-Chief. Beaureg-ard second in 
command, and Bragg Chief of Staff. The four corps were 
commanded respectively by Polk, Bragg, Hardee and Breck- 
inridge— Bragg adding command of a corps to his duties as 
Chief of Staff'. 

At Shiloh, April (3, ly(j'3. the Confederates had a force of: 
Polk's Corps, four brigades, 9,136 men ; Bragg's Corps, six 
brigades. 13,589 men ; Hardee's Corps, three brigades, 6.789 
men; Breckinridge's Corps, three brigades, 6.439. Total 

We omit here description of the sanguinary struggle that 
occurred at Shiloh. between the Federal forces under Generals 
Halleck and Grant, and the Confederates under Generals 
Albert Sidney Johnston and Beauregard, except to state that 
Johnston the room-mate and intimate friend of Leonidas Polk 
while they attended the U. S. ^Military Academy at West 
Point, was mortally wounded. In the same battles Capt. 
Marshall T. Polk, of Polk's Battery, lost a leg. On June 21st. 
following, Gen'l Bragg succeeded Beauregard in command of 
the Confederates and at once planned an invasion of Kentucky 
with the hope of capturing Louisville. Then ensued the long 
"foot race" for that citv, between Bragg and Buell. the latter 
reaching there first. After rest and the reception of fresh 
troops, Buell faced about and struck the Confederate at Perry- 
ville, on Oct. Sth. where Gen'l Leonidas Polk was in command 
After the battle was about concluded Bragg arrived on the 
field and ordered a retreat, his army going out of the State 
through the mountains and Cumberland Gap, to Knoxville. 
Gen'l Buell was supplanted in the Federal command by Gen'l 
Rosecranz. After pursuing the Confederates as far as London, 
Rosecranz turned his columns south to Xashville. The heavy 
assaults on the Federals at Perryville were made by the troops 
of Polk's Corps, which, after the retreat, reached Knoxville 
on Oct. 31st. Bragg then transferred the Army of the Missis- 
sippi at Murfreesboro. to oppose Rosecranz. 

The battle of Murfreesboro (called Stone River by the 
Federals) took place on Dec. 31 and Jan. 1, 2, 3, 1863, and 


was one of the most sanguinary struggles of the war, the 
Federals losing 13,249 men, and the Confederates 10,266. The 
loss of Polk's Corps was oiys per cent. For the first two days 
success attended the Confederates but on the third they were 
forced to retreat. 

In Oct., 1863 President Davis assigned General Polk to 
relieve Gen'l Hardee at Enterprise, Aliss., the latter to take 
Polk's Corps, under Bragg. Gen'l Joe Joihnston relieved Piragg 
at Dalton, in Dec. 1863. Gen'l Polk at the same time assigned 
to the department of Alabama, Mississippi and East Louisiana 




General W'ni. T. Sherman having been appointed to the 
command of the Federal forces, on May o, l."sG4:, he moved for- 
ward with over one hundred thousand men against Johnston, 
who was posted at Dalton w^ith a force of less than 50.000 men 
Johnston asked Polk to come to his assistance with his troops 
and the Confederate government ordered him to go, with all 
the troops he could take. Polk hurried to Johnston's assist- 
ance with three divisions of infantry and Jackson's Cavalry, 
in all about 19,000 men and relieved Hood at Resaca. 

After Dalton followed the battles of Resaca. Calhoun. 
Kingston, Adairsville, Cassville. Xew Hope Church. Mar- 
ietta. Lost Mountain and Kenesaw ^Mountain, ending in the 
capture of Atlanta. 

Col. Henry Watterson. then with the Confederate Army, 
thus described Gen'l Leonidas Polk as he appeared on the 

"Wrapped in his old gray hunting shirt, with slouched hat 
and saber, he sat his horse and received the leaden compli- 
ments of the enemy with complacent yet not indifferent good 
humor. He had a habit of shrugging his shoulders when a Minie 
ball came too close to his ear. Eut he never got out of the 
way for them. In battle he was a daring old man. with his 
h.eart in the fray, and his best faith on the result ; riding through 
shot and shell from point to point, unconscious of danger. At 
vShiloh. at Perryville, at ^lurfreesboro, at Chickamauga, at 
Resaca, he was to be seen constantly at the front, at every 
point of his line, supervising the progress of events with his 
own presence. He was kind and considerate of his men ; he 
was approachable and self-denying in his own person ; and he 
did not know the name of fear. He was proverbial for getting 

278 P O LK F A M 1 LY AND K I N S M a N 

into hot places. His staff loved him most fondly. He was 
every inch a gentleman, without mannerism or assumption, 
simple and innocent, yet dignified and imposing." 


On the 35th, at New Hope Church, Sherman's army made 
a heavy but unsuccessful assault on the Confederate lines. On 
the night of June 5th the Confederate army again fell l)ack. 
On the 9th Gen'l Polk rose at daylight, rode to the front, then 
back to confer with Gen'l Johnston. On the loth he sent 
his headquarters to the house of Mr. Hardige, a mile nearer 
Marietta, and there was heavy skirmishing all day. June 11th 
was rainy and gloomy. Gen'l Polk's headquarters were al- 
most under the shadow of Kenesaw Mountain. The next day. 
Sunday 12th, was also foggy and rainy. It had been raining 
for twelve days and the roads were almost impassable. 

During this time Gen'l Polk seemed more abstracted 
than usual, often reading his bible and tracts prepared by Dr. 
Ouintard, a substitute for the book of Common Prayer. An 
occasional shot from the skirmish line punctuated his reading. 
About 10 o'clock Gen'l Polk came out of his room and said to 
one of his staff that he would like to read the church service. 
In a few minutes the room was full and grizzled men in gray 
bowed their heads, many also standing near the doors and 
under the dripping eaves. The General read the service 
throughout and joined in the singing of a psalm and hymn. In 
a voice trembling with emotion he read the concluding prayer, 
and, asking a blessing, sat down in ]M-of(3und silence. 

This was the last time that Bishop Leonidas Polk ever 
read the service of the church. 

The niDrning of June 13'th was again foggy and rainy, and 
all was (|uiet at the front, the two armies watching and wait- 
ing for developments. Gen'l Polk remained indoors, writing- 
most of the time. During the day. however, he rode to the 
headquarters of Gen'l Johnston, who expressed a desire to 
make a personal inspection the following morning of an ad- 
vanced position held by the division of Major General Bate, 
on I'inc .Mnuntain. and lie requested Gen'l Polk to accompany 

POLK FAMILY A A' D K J X S .'./ £ .V 


C. S. A., at death. 

POLK FAMILY A X D K I A' 5 .1/ £ N Igl 

him and assist in the examination. An appointment for that 
purpose was made and Gen'l Polk returned to his head- 

Tuesday morning, June llth, dawned clear and the sun 
shone out brilliantly. Gen'l Polk ate an early breakfact, at 
the conclusion of which he sent the following, his last order, to 
Major General French. 

••June 14th. 18G4, 8 A. AP 
General : 

General Polk desires you to extend your present line. 
at once, to the left, so as to cover the recent line occupied 
bv Gen'l Cantv. 

Major Gen'l French. THOS. X. JACK, A. A. G." 

Gen'l Polk then dispatched his son, Capt. Win. M. Polk, 
a member of his staff (and now a distinguished physician of 
Xew York City) with a verl^al message to Gen'l French re- 
garding his skirmish line. 

Gen'l Johnston arrived sr)on after 8 o'clock, and Gen'l 
Polk mounting his horse, they rode to the headquarters of 
Gen'l Hardee, who was also invited to join in the examination. 
Each General was attended by .several members of his staff"; 
Gen'l Polk by Lieut. Col. Jack, A. A. G., Col. W. D. Gale. A. 
D. C, Major Frank AlcXairy, Volunteer A. D. C, and Lieut. 
Hopkins of the Orleans Light Horse. The party reached Gen'l 
Hardee's headquarters about 10 o'clock and dismounted. Hold- 
ing a short consultation, they mounted again and rode forward. 
In a few minutes they reached the main line of the intrench- 
ments, through which they passed, continuing for nearly a 
mile, and dismounting behind a sharp hill known as Pine 
Mountain. They moved cautiously over the top and then 
down a short distance to a small earthwork occupied by a bat- 
tery and its supports. 

Reaching the crest of the hill, thev had a full view of the 
country before them, over which sunshine and shadows moved, 
keeping pace with the slowly drifting clouds. Both lines of 
battle were plainly visible, and bodies of men could be seen 
busy with axe and spade. 


Guns were being placed in position and the fields were 
white with the covers of a thousand wagons. In the distance. 
to the front, lay the hills of the Etowah ; to the right, the peaks 
of Kenesaw. The constant firing of the heavy skirmish line, 
reinforced at intervals by the guns of some battery, all com- 
bined to make the scene one of unusual l^eauty and grandeur. 
Some of the younger officers stood on the parapet and exposed 
themselves to the sharp gaze of the enemy. The men of the 
battery warned them of the danger. While they were speaking 
there was a flash, a pufi^ of smoke, a sharp report from a rifled 
gun, and the shot striking near was buried in the parapet, 
scattering rocks and dirt around. One of the officers obser- 
ed that the enemy seemed to be getting their range and sug- 
gested a change of position. Generals Johnston and Polk 
moved to the left and stood for several moments behind a 
parapet, in earnest conversation. Several other shots follow- 
ed, going higher, one striking the crest of the hill. Generals 
Johnston and Polk, completing their talk, began to retrace 
their steps. Gen'l Johnston fell a little back and Gen. Polk 
ascended to the crest of the hill, on wdiich v^^as a signal station 
Facing about again as if to take a farewell view, Gen'l Polk 
folded his arms across his breast and stood silently gazing on 
the scene below. 

While thus he stood there was a puff of smoke in the 
valley below, a sharp report, and a cannon shot crashed 
through the breast of General Polk, killing him instantly. 
Pie fell upon his back, with his feet to the foe. Immediately 
upon the fall of the beloved General, the flag corps on the crest 
signalled to the rear for an aml^ulance, stating that Gen'l Polk 
had been killed. As he fell his faithful escort rushed to his 
side, gathered up the mutilated body and bore it to the rear 
of the hill. In a sheltered ravine his sorrow-stricken com- 
rades, silent and in tears, gathered around his mangled 

General Hardee, bending over the body, said to Gen'l 
Jnhnstdu: "General, this has l)een a dear visit. We have 
Idst a brave man, whose death leaves a vacancy not easily 
filled." Then kneeling beside the body, he exclaimed: "Aly 

POLK F A M I L y A N D K I X S M E .V 183 

dear, dear friend, little did I think this morninsf that I should 
be called upon to witness this." 

General Johnston, with tears in his eyes, knelt and laid 
his hand upon the cold brow of the fallen hero, saying: '"We 
have lost much ! I would rather anvthins: but this." 

The news flew along the line that Gen'l Polk had fallen ; 
reaching- the pickets, it passed from them to the Federal 
lines. Before his limbs were become rigid, the news had 
been telegraphed to A\'ashington as well as to Richmond. His 
body being placed in an ambulance, and escorted by the 
mournful cavalcade, was conveyed back to headquarters^ 
"Jerry," the noble roan ridden by him in all his battles and 
marches, was led riderless in front. 

Thus fell on the battlefield Leonidas Polk, Bishop, and 
Lieutenant General, a worthy son of Col. W'm. Polk, and 
grandson of Gen'l Thos. Polk, Revolutionary officers of credit 
and renown. Peace to his memory ! 


The same afternoon General Joseph E. Johnston issued 
the following general order to the army : 

"Headquarters, Army of the Tennessee. 
In the Field. June U. 186L 
General Field Orders Xo. 2. 

Comrades : You are called to mourn your first captain, 
your oldest companion in arms. Lieutenant General Polk 
fell today, at the outpost of this army — the army he raised 
?nd commanded, in all of whose trials he shared, to all of 
whose victories he contributed. 

'Tn this distinguished leader we have lost the most 
courteous of gentlemen, the most gallant of soldiers. 

''The Christian, patriot, soldier, has neither lived nor 
died in vain. His example is before you ; his mantle rests 
with you. 

J. E. Johnston. General." 
Kinlock Falconer. A. A. G. 


The body of Gen'l Polk was taken to the railway station 
durino- the afternoon, for removal to Atlanta. On arrival at 


that city it was received by a committee uf the city and 
placed in the chancel of St. Luke's Church. Clothed in 
Confederate unif(jrm it rested, with a cross of white roses 
upon the breast, and by the side of the coffin lay his sword. 
During the morning large numbers came lo pay the last 
tribute of affection. At noon an appropriate service, followed 
by an address, was conducted by Rev. Dr. Ouintard. The 
military escort, arriving at an early hour, was drawn up in 
front of the church. At the conclusion of the services the 
body was placed in a field ambulance and escorted to the 
station followed by the dead general's personal staff, by 
Generals Smith, Wright, Ruggles and Reynolds, Col. Ewell, 
and other officers, and by citizens. 

The members of staff and the Atlanta Committee were 
met at Augusta the following morning l)y the rectors and 
vestry of the Church of the Atonement and St. Paul's. The 
body was c(mveyed to the latter, where a guard of iKjnor re- 
ceived it. After lying two days in the church the l:)ody was 
placed in the City Hall, where it was viewed l)y a vast num- 
ber of citizens. 

On the 2!Jth the militery force of Augusta, consisting of 
a regiment of infantry, a battery of artillery and a company 
of cavalry, was drawn up at the City Hall. At half past 9 
(j'clock the casket was draped in the Confederate flag, cov- 
ered with wreath of laurel and bay, and placed upon the 
hearse l)y the guard of soldiers. Headed by a band, and 
preceded by the Mayor of the city, the solemn marcli began. 
Wardens and vestrymen fnmi St. Paul's and Church of 
Atonement, Augusta, and from St. John's of Savannah, 
marched on either side of the pall-bearers. Then came the 
military family of General Polk, the clergy, officers of the 
army and navy. Confederate Ci\il officers, and various other 
organizations. Througli streets thronged with mourning 
spectatcjrs, the prtjcession moved to St. Paul's church. All 
business houses were closed, and the only sounds that were- 
lieard was the dirge oi the band and the monotone of tolling 

At tlie church gate the l)ody was met l)y the l)ishops of 
Georgia, Mississi])pi and Arkansas, in full canonical robes. 



Augusta, Ga., tomb of Gen'l Leonidas Polk and wife within. 

pSbuc ubr^RV 


with a company of surpliced priests. Through files of sol- 
diers the body was conveyed into the church, the Senior 
Bishop (Bishop Stephen Elliott) repeating the words of the 
service for the burial of the dead. Entering the chancel, the 
body was met at the foot of the steps. Then anthem "Lord 
let me know mine end," was chanted, to organ accompani- 
ment. The Bishop of Arkansas read the lesson and the peo- 
ple united in the singing. The Senior Bishop then delivered 
the "Burial Address," from the text "The Master is come 
and calleth for thee." It was a magnificent address and deep- 
ly stirred the hearts of all who heard it. 

At its conclusion the body, under military escort and 
preceded by the bishops and priests, was carried to the grave 
in the rear of the church, and with concluding ceremonies 
was interred. As the words "Earth to earth, ashes to ashes, 
dust to dust." were uttered, earth was cast upon the body by 
the Bishop of Louisiana, Bishop of Arkansas, and Lieut. 
Gen'l Longstreet. As the concluding words of the service 
were uttered, the guns of the battery gave forth the last 
salute to the soldier-priest who on Pine Mountain, "gave 
his body to that pleasant country's earth, and his pure soul 
unto his captain, Christ, under whose colors he had fought 
so long." 





In ]\Iaury County. Tenn., upon the road leading from 
Columbia to Alt. Pleasant, and about six miles from the for- 
mer place, in a grove of majestic and towering oaks, stands 
a neat l^rick church of chaste and simple Gothic architecture; 
its interior, plain but beautiful, capable of seating, with a small 
end gallery, about five hundred persons. 

This building was erected in 1842, by the joint liberality 
of Right Reverend Bishop Polk and his three brothers, and 
with the lot of six acres was presented to the church in that 
diocese. The lot was chosen from the most eligible part of 
the Bishop's plantation, and but a short distance from his res- 
idence. It was built for the accommodation of a few Episco- 
pal families in the neighborhood, who, with a large number 
of slaves, upon their plantations, made up quite a large con- 
gregation. For the latter class the Bishop had been in the 
hal)it of holding regular services in his own house. 

On Sunday, Sept. -Ith. 1S42, the Church was consecrated, 
an immense congregation being present to witness the cere- 
monies, which were conducted by Bishop Otey. In the chan- 
cel with him were Rt. Rev. Bishop Polk, Revs. Smith, of 
Co]uml)ia, Leacock. Horrell and Saunders. Seven candidates 
were confirmed during the services by Bishop Polk. After 
the administration of the sacrament by Bishop Otey the ser- 
vices closed. 

Standing a few hundred yards l)ack from the turnpike, 
among a forest of ttnvering trees, this church is one of the 
most attractive in the United States, and in it services have 
been regularly licld ever since, except for occasional omis- 
sion's during the Ci\il War, when the presence of armies 
])revented. It is an object of the greatest interest to every 
person wlio \isits that section of Tennessee, and a lasting 



Near Ashwood, Maury County, Tenn. 


monument to the christian zeal piety, and liberality of the 
sons of Col. A\'illiam Polk, the patriot soldier of the Revolu- 


During the work of compiling the Polk tree that was 
published in 1849, the following letters were written by Mrs. 
Susan Smart to Bishop Polk and by the latter to President 
Tames K. Polk : 

Bishop Polk's Letter. 

Thibodoux, La., 
Jan. IT, 1849. 

]\Iy Dear Sir: — In reply to your letter on the subject of 
our ancestors, I regret to say I have misplaced and cannot 
find a memorandum I made several years ago, which con- 
tained a good deal of the information which Col. Winder 
wants. It contained the names of the children of William 
(the son of John, the son of Robert Polk"), of whom your 
grandfather and mine were two. That William was he who 
first emigrated from Maryland and settled in the county of 
Anson, out of which he and his descendants, and their asso- 
ciates, caused Meckleburg County to be formed. I may yet 
find it : if so, I will transmit it to you or ^^Ir. AMnder. 

As it is a matter of some importance to us, I have ad- 
dressed a letter to old ^Irs. Smart, an old relative of ours, 
who was a contemporary of my father, and who, I believe, 
still lives (under cover to Julius Alexander) requesting her 
to give me the names of the children of William Polk, oi 
^laryland, and to inform me what became of them. So soon 
as I hear from her I will forward you her let-ter. She was a 
well informed old lady, and if living will give us some in- 
teresting facts. 

I have been much interested in the letter you have caused 
to be copied and sent me. from Ireland. I have not a doubt 
that the writer is of the same family, as well from the name 
of the locality, for that was the precise region from which 
I have always heard our ancestors came. He is, however, 
deceived in the degree of his relationship to us. 

192 P LK F A M I LY A N D K I X S M E N 

I can lay my hand on a single sheet, only, of the memo- 
randum I have spoken of, and that contains an account of 
the relationship of the Polks and Alexanders. From it I 
learn that William Pulk (son of John, son of Robert i who 
removed from Alary land (our great grandfather) married a 
Miss Taylor, who was the mother of our grandfathers. She 
was one of five sisters ; one other of the five married a Al r. Ruse 
and was the mother of Rev. David Ruse. The other three 
married Alexanders, who were the progenitors of all tlnise of 
that name in Mecklenljurg. These grades of relationship 1 
find on that sheet, but as it is aside from 'Wr. A\'inder's pur- 
pose, I say no more of it. 

You are right in saying that William Polk, our great 
grandfather, had sons named Charles and John. That Charles 
was the father of the celebrated "Old Charley, the Hunter," 
of the A\'estern District of Tennessee, in the early settlement 
of it, and since that day of Texas, w^here I think he still lives. 
He (the hunter) was father of Col. William, whom I knew 
as post-master at Holly Springs, Miss., and who. I presume, 
to l)e the William Polk, the distiller, spoken of l:)y Mr. Win- 
der as living near La Grange. Tenn. He once lived there. He 
has another son living at this time near Shreveport, Caddo 
Parish, La., named Charles, a highly respectable planter, who 
is married and has a family ; and another son, with whom he 
removed to Texas, whose name I do not now recollect. 

When I saw ""Old Charley," many years ago he showed 
me a powder-horn which he prized hig'hly, from having car- 
ried it through the Revolutionary \\'ar, in which he was a 
soldier in the North Carolina Line, under command of his 
uncle General Thomas Polk. He mentioned to me an inci 
dcni in regard to the horn which added to its interest in his 
eyes, and which illustrated the primitive manners, as well 
as the gallent feeling of the times. 

Just before the forces were to mo\e towards the Xorth. 
he discovered he had l^st his horn, and on rep(3rting the fact 
to his General and kinsman the morning following, when the 
troops were under artus. the General requested him to accom- 
pany him diiwn and along the lines, during the inspection, 
saying Im him that it was not improbable the hoi-n might 


make its appearance. He did so, and to his very great de- 
light, and the profound discomfiture of the luckless wight 
who had appropriated it. shot-pouch and all duly garnished 
the neck and shoulder of one of the host. An examination 
was instituted forthwith, which terminated in convicting tlie 
party upon whijm it was found, of having appropriated it 
wilfully and knowingly, and the penalty was dismissal from 
the service, with a refusal e\en to allow him to serve in such 
a cause. 

The old fellow told the anecdote with great interest and 
pride in the gallantry and the high sense of honor which dis- 
tinguished his dav and command. 

Old John Polk had a son. I think, called Benjamin, who 
lived in ]\Iaury County, Tenn.. and who, I think, was father 
to Armstead of the same county. 

General Thomas Polk, my grandfather, married Aliss 
Susan Spratt. by whom he had William, Thomas. Ezekiel. 
Charles and James, five sons; and ]\Iary, Deborah. Margaret 
and IMartha. four dughters. Of the conspicuous part taken /c»- 
by General Thomas Polk in the celebrated ^Mecklenburg De- 
claration of Independence. ]\Ir. Winder is. I presume, in- 
formed from the public accounts of that transaction. All of 
his sons followed him into the war that ensued and were 
more or less actively engaged. Thomas was killed in the 
battle of Eutaw. by a ball in the forehead. He bore at the 
time a Lieutenant's commission. It has so happened that I 
liave recently seen some unpublished manuscript of a dis- 
tinguished ofBcer of the Revolution, in which there was men- 
tioned among the killed, at the same battle, a Lieutenant 
Ezekiel Polk, who must have been the son of one of the other 
brothers ; which, I know not. 

Since beginning this letter I remembered having on my 
estate an old and highly intelligent negress, who belonged in 
early life to my grandfather. General Thomas Polk, and upon 
sending for her and questioning her. she promptly informed 
me that she well remembered our great grandmother. Miss 
Taylor, that was the wife of William Polk of Maryland. She 
was very often at her master's. General Thomas Polk's; was 
a small woman and lived to a great age. L'pon asking if he 

194 P O LK F A M 1 LY AND K I N S M E N 

had a daughter named Debora, she replied in the affirmative, 
and added that she "married Sam ]\IcLeary." confirming your 
impression. She also stated there were two other sisters : 
Alargurette, who married David McRee, and Mary, who mar- 
ried John Barnett. She does not know whether the two for 
mer had children, but knows that tlie latter was the mothe." 
of Mrs. Smart, the old lady I have mentioned having written 
to, and also of Col. Jack Barnett, a very noted man in Aleck 
lenburg, of his day, and father of Susan Barnett, whom you 
may remember having seen while you were at Chapel Hill 
at my father's in Raleigh. 

biie also mentioned the names of four of her master's 
brothers, whom she often saw with their sisters, the ladies 
mentioned, at her master, viz : Charles, James, William, 
and Ezekiel. She knew them all perfectly well, as servants 
are in the habit of knowing the members of their master's 
families. She states that she "remembered perfectly well the 
nie:ht that master Sam. Polk was married to Miss finnv 
Knox." As to whether there was a brother of her master's 
named John, she does not know, Ijut "the others she knew 
as well as she knows me." 

Her statements have refreshed my own memory upon some 
of the facts to which she testifies, and I place the fullest con- 
fidence in her testimony. It has occurred to me that Charles 
of Caddo, La., the son of "Charles the Hunter," and grand- 
son of Charles, brother of General Thomas Polk, might be in 
possession of some facts as to his own and other branches of 
the family, and I have concluded to w^-ite him upon the sub- 
ject, which I will do and enclose you what he may furnish 
through his father. I have made out hastily, but accurately, 
a genealogy of the family from William of Maryland, down- 
ward, (excluding only the descendants of Col. Ezekiel Polk, 
whicli can l)c ])ettcr furnished Idv you) so far as I am inform- 
ed, and send it to you herewith. If mv correspondence shall 
enable me to furnish more particulars, I will send them to 

W'itli m_\' kindest regards to Mrs. Polk, I remain. 

Very truly, 3'our Friend and Kinsman, 

Leonidas Polk. 


Letter of Mrs. Smart. 

As stated by Bishop Polk in the foregoing letter to Presi- 
dent Polk, he wrote for information to ]^Irs. Smart, an aeed 
kinswoman, who replied as follows : 

Charlotte, X. C, Feby. 15, 1849 
Dear Sir: — 

Your letter, enclosed in one to Air. Alexander, I have re- 
ceived, and will answer it as well as I can. I never saw vour 
great-grandfather. William Polk, but was informed bv your 
grandfather, and my parents, that he died several years be- 
fore, at least twenty-five years before the Revolutionary War. 
His wife was a Taylor (^vlargaret) and he married her at 
the Xorth. in Pennsylvania, and removed to North Carolina 
and settled west of the Yadkin, where he died. He left the 
following children: Thomas, your grandfather; AMlliam, who 
was the oldest son ; John, Charles, Ezekiel. who was grand- 
father of the President. The following daughters : Susan, 
who married Benjamin Alexander; Debora, who married 
Samuel ]\IcCleary, and died without issue; Margaret, who 
married Robert ]\IcRee. leaving a large family, among whom 
is James P. IMcRee, of Tennessee. 

Susan Alexander left a large family, many of whom now 
live in this county. She was the mother of William Alexander, 
a Captain, commonly called "Black Bill." a distinguished sol- 
dier in the Revolutionary army. John Polk married Eleanor 
Shelby, a daughter of Col. Isaac Shelby. He had three sons 
and one daughter; the sons by name: Charles. John and 
Taylor ; the daughter Eleanor. Those now living, belonging 
to the family, reside in the \\'est. 

\\'illiam married a woman whose name I do not remem- 
ber. They removed to Tennessee many 3-ears ago and had 
many children. Charles married Polly Clark, a full cousin of 
your father's on the mother's side. They removed to the 
West, having a large family. Ezekiel married Xanny A\'il- 
son. the mother of Samuel Polk, and the grandmother of the 
President, and after her death was married twice. By his 
second wife he had no children that lived any time; by his 
third wife, whom he married in Tennessee, I am informed 
he had several children. 


Your grandfather, Thomas Polk, who was the most dis- 
tinguished man in the family, married Susan Spratt, my mo- 
ther's sister. They had the following children : Your father, 
Thomas, who was killed at the battle of Eutaw, by the side 
of my brother, John Barnett; Ezekiel, who died at sea; James, 
who married the daughter of Col. ]\Ioore; Charley, who mar- 
ried the daughter of Hezekiah Alexander died, leaving two 
children, one now lixing in Tennessee, Thomas I. Polk; 
Martha, the eldest daughter, married Dr. Ephraim Brevard, 
Rdio had one daughter, Martha, who married ]\Ir. Dickerson. 
of South Carolina, leaving one son, the late Col. James Polk 
Dickerson. who was killed in Mexico; Margaret, the second 
daughter, married Governor Nathaniel Alexander, and died 
without children; Polly, the fourth, married Daniel Brown, 
a distinguished lawyer of South Carolina. They had three 
children who died young. The third daughter, Debora, died 
at the age of fourteen. 

My aunt, Susan Spratt, who married your grandfather 
General Thomas Polk, was the daughter of Thos. Spratt, who 
was an excellent man and died highly esteemed by every one 
Your father, with whom J was ver}- intimate, was always 
proud of his Spratt blood and often boasted of it. Col. Thos. 
Xeal, of South Carolina, married Jane Spratt, a daug'hter of 
Thomas Spratt, l^y whom he had several children, among 
others Andrew, a Colonel in the Revolutionary Army, who 
resembled your father very much. He was killed at the battle 
of Eutaw ; and Thomas, a Alajor, who fell shortly after the bat- 
tle of Eutaw. 

I have mentioned your grandmother, Susan Spratt, and 
her family, although you did not ask of them, which I think 
you should have done. I am now eighty-seven years of age 
and although infirm of body, am yet able to visit m}- friends 
and con\erse with them, and am now writing" this letter at 
the house of W'm. J. Alexander, who, with his wife, I con- 
sider among my best friends. This letter, of course, I am not 
able to write myself, l)Ut have procured the services of Mrs. 
Alexander's sister. I should l)e glad to hear from you, and 

Yours respectfully, 

Susan Smart. 


In the foregoing letter of Airs. Smart, she states that 
William Polk removed from Pennsylvania, wliere he married 
]\Iargaret Taylor, settled West of the Yadkin, and died there, 
"at least twenty-five years before the Revolution." This 
would fix his death about the year 1751, or one year after it 
is said he emigrated from Pennsylvania to North Carolina. 

As stated in the foregoing two letters, the children of 
William Polk (emigrant to X. Carolina) were: Mary, A\'ill- 
iam. Charles, James, Debora, Susan, Margaret, John, Thomas 
and Ezekiel. The two latter sons attained to great distinc- 
tion in the events which preceded the Revolutionary \\ ar, 
and in the transactions of that great and successful struggle 
for American Independence. 



From Dictionary of U. S. Congress, 1864. 

James Knox Polk was born in Mecklenburg- County, 
North Carolina, November 2, 1795. He removed with his 
father, in 1806 to Tennessee, and lived in the Valley of Duck 
River, a branch of the Cumberland. He graduated at the 
University of North Carolina in 1815; studied law in Ten- 
nessee with Felix Grundy, and was admitted to the bar in 
1830. He was a member of the House of Representatives in 
Congress from 1825 to 1839, and Speaker in that body from 
1835 to 1837, and was elected Governor of Tennessee in 1839, 
for two years. In December, 1844, the Electors chose him 
President of the United States, and during his eventful ad- 
ministration the Oregon question was settled, Texas annexed, 
war with Mexico declared, and New Mexico and California 
were acquired. He died at Nashville, Tenn., June 15, 1849. 

Col. A\'illiam H. Polk was born in Maury County, Ten- 
nessee, :\Iay 24, 1815. He was educated at Chapel Hill, North 
Carolina, and the University of Tennessee. He studied law 
and was admitted to the bar in 1839. In 1841 and 1843. he 
was elected to the State Legislature; was appointed by Presi- 
dent Tyler Charg^e d' Affaires to Naples, where he negotiated 
a treaty with the Two Sicilies. He served as a Major in the 
Nintli Dragoons, in the Mexican \\'ar ; was a Delegate to the 
Nas'hville Convention in 1850; and a Representative in Con- 
gress, from Tennessee, from 1851 to 1853. He was a brother 
of President James Knox Polk and opposed to the secession 
of the South fmm the Union. He died at Nashville Dec IG 

Trustcn I'olk was l)orn in Sussex County, Delaware, 
May 29. 1811; graduated at Yale College in 1831; studied law 
at the Yale Law School, and in 1835 he emigrated to Mis- 
sou ii, where he commenced the practice of his profession. 


In 1845, while absent from Missouri for the benefit of his 
health, he was elected a member of the Convention called to 
remodel the State Constitution. In 1856 he was elected Gov- 
ernor of Missouri, and inaugurated January, 1857, but soon 
resigned for a seat in the United States Senate, to which he 
was elected for the term of six years, from March 4, 1857, 
his chief opponent being Thomas H. Benton. He was a mem- 
ber of the Committee on Foreign Affairs, and of Claims. Fol- 
lowing a charge of treason preferred against him, because of 
his strong sympathy with the South, he was expelled from 
the Senate on Jan. 10, 1862. Returning to St. Louis, he re- 
sumed his practice of the law, which he continued until his 


Rufus King Polk, son of Gen'l Lucius E. Polk, of Helena, 
Ark., was born August 23, 1866 in Maury County, Tenn., on 
his father's plantation a few miles from Columbia. 

Rufus Polk's youth was passed on the old plantation until 
he was started to school at a local academy and fitted for 
college. He entered Lehigh University, in Pennsylvania, and 
graduated with the class of 1887 with the degree of Bachelor 
of Science, and then took a post-graduate course in mining 
engineering. After leaving college he located at Danville, 
Pa., and was employed as chemist by the ]\Iontour Iron and 
Steel Company. With the exception of a few months during 
which he had charge of the furnaces of the Hocking Valley 
Coal and Iron Company in Ohio, he engaged in business in 
Danville, as Assistant Superintendent of the Montour Iron and 
Steel Company, General Manager of the North Branch Steel 
Company and finally became a partner in the firm of Howe & 
Polk, manufacturers of structural iron in which business he 
was engaged at the time of his death. His business the year 
preceding his death, as he stated, exceeded one million dollars 
of product. 

In the spring of 1898, when the United States declared 
war against Spain, Rufus Polk, with his associates in the 
National Guard, left his wife, family and large growing busi- 
ness interests and was mustered in as First Lieutenant of 


Company F, Twelfth Regiment vi Pennsylvania Volunteers, 
serving until his muster out and honorable discharg-e after 
peace was declared. 

On his return home he was nominated as a Democrat to 
represent the Hth District of Pennsylvania, composed of the 
counties of Columbia, Montour, Northumberland and Sullivan, 
in the Fifty-sixth Congress, and although that district was 
then represented by a Republican, his majority was nearly 
2,000. Two years later he was re-elected to the Fifty-seventh 
Congress with an increased majority of nearly 1,500, so pop- 
ular had he become, and he would have been elected to the 
J^'ifty-eighth Congress had he lived and not postively refused 
to run again because of his large Inisiness interests. 

Rufus K. Polk died at his home in Danville, Pa., March 
.")th. l!>n<?. Ilis funeral was attended by an immense con- 
course of people, as all loved him. His pall-bearers w^ere 
eight stalwart employes of the firm of Howe & Polk. (See 
Record No. 11 ;5.) 



of Pennsvlvania. son of Gen'l Lucius E. Polk. 





William Polk, the second son and child of Capt. Robert 
Bruce Polk and his wife Magdalen (Tasker-Porter) Polk, was 
born about 1G<U-T, in the County of Donegal. Ireland, a shori 
distance from Londonderry and Coleraine. It was in the vi- 
cinity of the latter place that the first Pollok emigrants from 
the South of Scotland settled when James, after the death oi 
Elizabeth, planted strong Scotch colonies in the country in 
order to nullify the warlike enterprises of the Catholic hosts 
m that quarter which had. under Hugh O'Xeil and other ac- 
tive leaders, so long defied the repressive efforts of Queen 

John, William, Anne, Ephraim, and possibly James were 
all born before Robert and ^Magdalen emigrated to America. 
William was probably a child of seven or eight years of age 
when his parents left Ireland. 

His father settling at a place then called "Damn Quarter." 
(now softened down into Dame's Quarter), on the Eastern 
Shore, and in the county of Somerset, it was there that William 
grew to manhood. 

Capt. Robert Bruce Polk does not appear to have patented 
a tract of land very soon after arrival in Maryland, but to have 
waited awhile, securing a patent for "Polk's Folly," a tract of 
one hundred acres, and '"Polk's Lott." fifty acres, on March 
7, 168T. His sons Ephraim and Robert in 1700 also secured 
patents. John, the eldest son of Capt. Robert Bruce Polk. 
was the first one of the family to obtain a grant. On June 
1st. 16^15, Lord Baltimore patented to him a tract called "Lo- 
cust Hammock," described as "lying on the East side of 
Chesapeake Bay, on South side of the mouth of Wiccocomicoe 
River, in Damn Quarter Xeck.'' 

William Polk's first patents were for: 

"Moneen." 100 acres, "on east side Main branch of Xanti- 



coke River, in John's Neck, Somerset County," July 10, 1725. 

Donig-all," 100 acres (do. do. do.) 

'"Romas," 100 acres, September 10, 1T35. 

In partnership with his brother-in-law, Thomas Pollitt, 
William also patented "Come by Chance," 20 acres, "two mile, 
from head of Wicomico Creek," December 4, 1735. 

Under the then existing law of primogeniture, and being 
the eldest son of Magdalen Polk at her death in 1727, William 
inherited the manor plantation. "White Hall," making it there- 
after his regular abiding place, and at his death in 1740 it de- 
scended to his eldest son, Judge David Polk. It was a noted 
Colonial mansion and in it was dispensed a generous hospital- 
ity by its various occupants. Having large orchards of various 
fruits, and a distillery on the place, William was in a position 
to practice "hospitality." 

It will be noted that William made no entry of land — or, 
rather, he secured no patent to such — until 38 years after hi:, 
father's, and forty years after his brother John's patents. 
Why he deferred the matter so long does not at this time ap- 
pear. It is certain however that he purchased one or more 
tracts from others who had secured patents for same, and 
hence the records relative to such do not appear on the books 
of the Colonial Land Ofifice at Annapolis. He took charge 
of the ancestral home after the death of his mother. 


Tradition says, and facts and inferences support the state- 
ment, that William was twice married, first to Nancy (Knox) 
Owens, a widow, and was a widower at the time he made his 
will in 17;i!)-4(l. The latter is distinctly shown in the docu- 
ment wherein he l)equeaths to his son David, among other 
personal property, "a lot of linen, left in the house at the de- 
cease of my wife." This deceased wife seems to have been his 
second wife, and, inferentially she was a "widow Gray" when 
he married her, with a son named Allen Gray. Such a youth 
was a member of William Polk's household, at his death; for, 
in his will he says: "I give and bequeath unto Al1*"n Gray one 
little black mare, one black cow and her calf, to the only 
liri.pcr use and behoof of him the said Allen Gray." The in- 


ference is strong that Allen was William's stepson. That 
his mother dying while she was the second wife of William, 
the boy continued in the home of his stepfather, who became 
attached to him and was thereby moved to remember him in 
his will. The traditions handed down, together with the facts 
obtained by the Polk tree compilers of 184-9, give Xancy 
(Knox) Owens, as the mother of \\'illiam Polk's children — 
David, James, Elizabeth Williams, and Jane Strawbridge. It 
seems, however, that these compilers failed to discover the 
two of the children of William one of whom appears to have 
been Charles Polk, who became an Indian trader on the Mary- 
land frontier, at the North Bend of the Potomac, in Frederick 
County, where he died in 1T53 ; and the other William Polk, 
who went to Carlisle, Pa., married there ]\Iiss ^^largaret Tay- 
lor one of a numerous family of daughters, and moved to 
North Carolina about 1750, becoming progenitor of the 
Southern branch of the Polk family. 

These sons, William and Charles, were doubtless the eld- 
est of Williams' children, born somewhere between IT(H) and 
1710, and likely received from their father what he estimated 
would be their fair share of his property, and then went forth 
in quest of broader and more active fields of effort. One of 
them, William, moved to the Allegheny frontier and located 
at Carlisle, Pa., where he married Margaret Taylor. After 
some years here, following the trend of emigration at that 
time, he moved down to the sunny banks of the Yadkin, 
where several of his sons afterward became famous partici- 
pants in America's first Declaration of Independence, enunci- 
ated at Charlotte. X. C, ^lay 20, 1775. 

The other son. Charles, appears to have bent his course 
to the westward branches of the Potomac, where he embarked 
in trade with the Indians accumulating a competency before 
his death in 175:]. In this trade he became thoroughly ac- 
quainted with the Indian character and acquired their friend- 


Charles appears to have married near his frontier station. 
What was the name of his wife, is not certainly known, but 
the strong inference is that it was Christian Matson, for in his 
will of March 19. 1753, he calls her "Christian my dearly be- 
loved wife." and makes her and Ralph Alatson (presumably 
her brother) executors of his will, his sons all being too young 
at that time for such duties. Some of the Matsons accom- 
panied Capt. Chas. Polk to Kentucky and Indiana. 




The long held traditionary statement that the William 
Polk who moved from Carlisle to Xorth Carolina was a son of 
John Pulk and Priscilla Roberts, has been irrefutably proven 
to be incorrect by exhaustive examinations of the official re- 
cords of Maryland, Delaware, Pennsylvania, Virginia and 
North Carolina. 

John Polk, eldest son of Robert and [Magdalen, reputed 

progenitor of the Southern Polks, married Jane 

as shown l)y the old Monie church records, in Somerset Coun- 
ty, and she was the mother of his two surviving children, 
William and Xancy. Jane died October 28, ITOO, six days 
after the birth and death of her infant child, named John. 
These facts the Vonie church records show after a careful 
examinati(Hi made by Air. Earle B. Polk, of Princess Anne, 
Deputy Circuit Clerk of Somerset County. 

John Polk next married Joanna Knox, said to have been 
a sister of Xancy (Knox) Owens. \Mlliam Polk's first wife, 
and he died in 1707-8. The court records of Somerset speak 

of her as the "widow Joanna Polk." 

John and Jane's children. William and Xancy, were com- 
mitted by the said Court, shortly after their father's death to 
the care and guardianship of ^^'illiam Polk, Sr., (John's 
brother) who, on August 11. ITnS, preferred a petition to 
Court for the purpose, in obedience, as he stated, to his 
brother's dying request. After John's death, his widow Joanna 
married Thos. Hugg, and had issue by him. 


A\'illiam, son of John and Jane, grew to manhood, married 
Priscilla Roberts, his cousin, and died in [Maryland in 1H2Q, his 
widow later marrying Robert Clarkson. These statements are 
supported by official records, and they entirely dissipate the 


long held tradition that the William who married Priscilla 
Roberts was the progenitor of the Southern Polks, as stated 
on the Polk "Tree" published in 1.S49. 

Of the seven sons of Robert Bruce Polk and Magdalen 
Polk, one of them, David, was not discovered by the lS4i) com- 
pilers. Neither did they discover Capt. Robert's will of 1699 
else they would have found David in the list of children named 
therein. The finding of this document within a few years 
past, on file in the Colonial Office at Annapolis, Aid., revealed 
the name of David. It also showed that one of Robert and 
Magdalen's daughters, reputed to have l)een named Margaret, 
was named Martha. 

David presumably died single, or intestate. He acquir- 
ed several tracts of land, as the records show, but no will has 
been found to tell of its disposition, or of the names of his 
children if he had any. 

An inference from some of the records is that David mar- 
ried a daughter of Christopher Nutter, of Somerset, liut proof 
is lacking. There is also a tradition that he moved to Penn- 
sylvania, where a number of Pollock kinsmen from about 
Coleraine. a few miles from Londonderry, Ireland, settled 
between 1735 and the Revolutionary War. That David re- 
fused to change his name, like the others did, to Polk, and 
stuck to the original Pollock, is a tradition that has been 
handed down in the family. 

The children of Robert and Magdalen Polk's other sons 
— John, William, Ephraim, Robert and Joseph — are apparent- 
ly pretty fully accounted for by past family chroniclers, and 
by more recent and careful examination of official records. 

Very recently discovered records sliow Jane , as wife 

of John Polk, when she died, and the names and dates of birth 
of their children. Another discovery was the will of Joseph 
Polk, youngest son of Robert and Magdalen, showing his 
death to have occurred in Dorchester County in 1752, and the 
names of his children. 

The children of the William Polk, who married Margaret 
Taylor at Carlisle, Pa., and moved to North Carolina obout 
1750. where he soon afterward died "about 25 years before the 
RevolutiMiiary \\'ar" (as related by old Mrs. Smart to Bishop 


Polk), were as stated on the Polk Tree of 1849, their names 
being furnished at that time by contemporary kinsmen and 
near relatives like General Thomas, Col. William, and Bishop 
Polk, Mrs. Susan Smart, et al. ( See these names under head 
of descendants of Wm. Polk and Margaret Taylor, on another 


In addition to William and Charles Polk, who appear to 
have been his eldest children, AMn. Polk, Sr., had four chil- 
dren. These four were: ^Elizabeth, -James, ^David, and 

It appears that the first named, Elizabeth generally called 
"Betsy" was a full sister of William and Charles, and poss- 
ibly also their elder in years, judging from the date of her 
birth, as given. These four are named in William's will of 
1739-40. Their dates of birth, marriage and death are given 
as follows: ^Elizabeth (Betsy) Polk, born about 1695, died 

-, married John Williams of Somerset ; -James Polk born 

May 17, 1719. died 1770, married 1st Mary Cottman, 2nd Betty 
Cottman; ^'Judge David Polk born 1721, died 1778, married 

Betsy Gilliss; '^Jane Polk, born 1723, died , married James 


Elizabeth and John Williams had issue: ^^Mary, who 
married Wm. Polk, her first cousin, son of James Polk; -Capt. 
John Williams, a Revolutionary soldier, who died in 1798. 
He was a prominent business man of Somerset County. And 
two other sons, who are said to have emigrated to the Caro- 
linas. Names not known. 

Rev. Arthur P. Brown, pastor of the First Baptist church 
at Fresno, Cal., writing to Paul ^I. Polk of Vicksburg, Miss., 
on March 20, 1905, concerning the Polk family, says of Robert 
Bruce Polk: '"His son was the father of Charles Polk of 
Frederick County, Md., whose history you have." 

Rev. Brown was a descendant of Charles Polk of Fred- 
erick County, Indian trader on the North Branch of the Poto- 
mac, and made extensive researches into the genealogy of his 
branch of the Polk family, extending over a number of years. 



Jiis Statement above, referring to W'm. Polk, Sr., {son of 
Robert and Alagdalen Polk), being the father of Charles Polk 
the Indian trader, is additional proof of other statements com- 
ing from that line, that Capt. Charles Polk, was a cousin of 
Ezekiel Polk, grandfather of James K. Polk. 

Referring to the personal appearance of many of the 
Polks — especially the female portion of her branch — Mrs. 
Aurelia Winder Townsend, deceased, of Oyster Bay, Long 
Island, who gathered a great deal of data concerning the fam- 
ily, and also was the custodian of much that came to her from 
Josiah F. Polk, Col. \V. H. Winder, and others of the 1848-9 
compilers, says : 

"I have never known any Polks but the descendants of 
my great grandfather, except a brother of General Polk. Of 
those whom I know personally, and by tradition, sixteen ha\e 
been people who would be remarkable anywhere for beauty. 
Of my grandfather's seven children. ?\Irs. Fromentine was 
the only one not noted for beautv. but she was a very good 
looking woman. ]\Iy uncle Josiah I never saw. but every one 
who knew him agreed that he ^va- in face, tigure and carriage, 
absolutely ifaultless. Uncle William was very handsome; 
Uncle James the handsomest man I ever saw. 'My mother 
was a very handsome woman, and her sisters, Mrs. Stuart and 
Mrs. Johnson, very beautiful. ]\Iorris Polk, cousin Josiah's 
brother, was very handsome, and his daughter the most 
beautiful creature I ever looked at. It stirs mv blood to think 
of her, though I have not seen her for thirty-five years." 


(By his granddaughter, Mrs. Aurelia W. Townsend.) 

William Polk fson of David Polk and Betsy Gilliss), was 
born December 11. 1752, and married February 1775 to Esther 
(daughter of Wni. Winder and widow of Isaac Handy), ^yho 
was born Octuljcr D. 1751. She died April 179u and he next 

married Xancy Purnell (widow of Dennis), who 

died in 17:»1. In isoi) or lo he married Anne Hubbell. Issue 
by the first: M.',etsy, -Hetty, "Gertrude, -^Josiah, ■'^Charlotte. 
''William, "Col. James, '^Ann. Charlntte died in infancy. 



Betsy Polk was born May 19, 1776 and died October 6, 
1822. She was married about 1800 to Elegius Fromentine, a 
French refugee. \\'hen Louisiana was bought by the United 
States they settled at Xew Orleans, where Mr. Fromentine 
became a distinguished lawyer, and U. S. Senator. They 
both died of yellow fever, she on the 5th. he on the 7th of 
October 1823. No issue. 


Hetty Polk was born April 9, 1779; died . She 

married 1st April 1797, Col. Xehemiah King, who died in a 
few years, and then she married her cousin. Dr. Chas, Winder, 
who died a few months after their marriage. Several years 
later she married Major Alexander Stuart, U. S. A., who died 
April 1824. 

Issue by the first husband: ^Charlotte (who died in in- 
fancy), -Henry. Henry married 1st Aurelia, a daughter of 
his mother's half brother, Richard Handy, 2d Matilda Handy. 
Issue by the 1st: ^Charlotte, -Laura, ^Aurelia, by the 2d 


Gertrude Polk was born April 13, 1781 ; married May 9, 
1799, to her cousin General \Vm. H. Winder. In 1802 they 
settled in Baltimore, where he died at the head of the Bar, 
May 24, 182L She died December 28, 1872. Issue: ^John H., 
2Wm. H., =^Charlotte, ^Aurelia, nVm. H., ^Charlotte, 'Ger^ 
trude, nVm. Tasker, ^Gertrude, lowiniam. n Charlotte, i -Au- 
relia. The first two Williams, the first Gertrude and Tasker 
died in infancy. The first Aurelia died May, 1819, aged 13. 
The second Gertrude on June 21, 1841, unmarried. John H. 
Winder was born February 21, 1800, at Rewston in Somerset 
County, Md., the residence of his grandfather Winder. He 
was educated at West Point, and remained in the army until 
lis marriage in 1823 to Elizabeth, daughter of Andrew 
Shepherd of Georgia. At her death in 1825 he returned to 


the service and while stationed at Smithville, X. C, married 
Mrs. Caroline A. Eagle, widow of Joseph Eagle, a planter on 
Cape Fear river, and daughter of Thos. Cox. of Edenton, X. C. 
He servid all through the Florida and Mexican wars and at 
Gen'l Scott's recommendation was l)re\etted Lt. Colonel for 
his services in the last. He resigned April 20, 1861, and was 
appointed Brigadier General in the Confederate Army, June 
21, 1861. For the first three years of the war he was General 
Commanding the Department of Henrico. The last year of 
the war he was Commissary General of Prisoners East of the 
Mississippi. He died very suddenly at Florence, S. C, Feb. 
8, 1865, of disease of the heart, brought on by excessive fa- 
tigue and anxiety in the discharge of his duties. 

Issue by the first wife: ^W'm. A. Winder. By the second: 
2John C, nVm. Sidney, ^Thos. P., ^Gertrude. The last two 
died in infancy. \\'m. A. married Abby, daughter of Gov. I. 
Goodwin, of Portsmouth, N. H., Issue: ^Wm. John C, mar- 
ried Octavia Bryan, daughter of John H. Bryan, of Raleigh. 
N^. C, where he resides. Pie is a civil engineer. Superintendent 
of the Raleigh & Gaston and Raleigh & Augusta Air Line 
railroads. Issue: ^Mary B.. 'Caroline, '^Jnhn H., ^Gertrude, 
'"^Aurelia, '''Octavia. 

Wm. Sidney is a prominent lawyer in Baltimore, un- 
married. Wm. H. :3d is living in Xew York, unmarried. 

Charles H. married Mary H., daughter of Gen'l Joseph 
Sterett of Baltimore, who died Jan. 1876. Issue: ^Wm. H., 
^Josephine S., ^'Mary H. The first died in infancy. The third 
Sept. 1, 1861, unmarried. 

Josephine S. married Stewart Darrell, of Bermuda, a 
merchant in Baltimore. Issue: ^Cavendish and -Josephine. 




Josiah Polk was born Nov. 17, 1783, died 1811. He mar- 
ried Rebecca, daughter of Dr. John Troup. He practiced law 
in Princess Anne, Somerset Co., Md., where he died in ISll. 
Issue: VHenry. -\\'illiam. -flames. ^John, •'*Mary. Henry and 
William died unmarried. John, a physician in Hartford Co.- 
Md.. married Elizabeth Billingsley. Issue: ^Lizzie, -Emma. 
Lizzie married Eugene Pomeroy, a lawyer in Xew York. 
Emma married Sidnev Simon. U. S. X. Marv E. married 
1st Dr. Samuel Carr. 2d, David Dudley Field, a lawyer of 
New York. She died April. 1876. Issue by 1st: ^Lizzie and 
-Charles. Lizzie married W'm. Brown of Xew York, and 
died soon after without issue. Chas. H. married Alary \'ir- 
ginia. daug'hter of Dr. Sims of Xew York. Issue: ^Constance, 
^Addie, •"'Emmet. 


Capt. \\"m. Polk was born Aug. 9. 178(3. died Feb. 13. 1856. 
He married Xov. 2d, isil. Almy. daughter of \Vm. Town- 
send of Oyster Bay, L. I. He died on the morning, she in 
the evening of Feb. 13, 1856. Issue: ^W'm. Winder. -Mary 
T., ^Margaret H.. '^James B., ■'^Frank, "^Gertrude, 'Louise D. 
Frank and Gertrude died in infant y. Wm. Winder and 
James B. died unmarried. Mary T. married 1st July 16. 
1840, Victor Monroe, of Frankfort, Ky. ; 'M Albert Iverson. 
U. S. Senator from Georgia. Issue by first: ^Wm. Winder, 
^Frank Adair, ^Mary. A\'illiam Winder, living in Kentucky, 
married Miss Lavenia Berry, daughter of H. K. Berry of 
Nelson County, Ky.. and sister of Capt. Anderson Berry. 
C. S. A. now of Lexington, Kv. 

-Frank, a lawyer in X>w Orleans, unmarried. 

^Mary married George A^incent, of Louisiana. Issue: 
Wm. ^Monroe. 


Louie D. married J. Bannister Hall, a merchant of Balti- 
more, Dec. 11, 1860. Issue: ^Wm. \V., ^Annie G., ^I. Bannister, 
*Louis, ^Marguerite. W'm. W. died in infancy. 


Col. James Polk was born March 179:3, died 1868. He 
married Ann Stuart, in 1816, and died in Baltimore in Dec. 
1868. Issue: ^William, -Esther, ^Mary, ^Ariana, •''James, 
^Lucius, "Joseph B. The latter became a distinguished actor 
in comedy, reaching a high station in his profession. Col. 
James Polk was Register of Wills for Somerset County. Later 
in 1845, he was Naval Ofificer in Baltimore, and in 18-48 w^as 
Collector for that port. 

William married in Texas a Miss Estes and has three 
sons, ^Wm. E., -Stuart and ^James. She resides in San An- 
tonio, Texas. 

Esther married Gov. E. Louis Lowe, of Md. Issue: 
^Adelaide, -Annie, '^Paul, ^Vivian, •''Victoria, ^Louie '^Esther, 
^Mary. Adelaide married E. Austin Jenkins, a very wealthy 
merchant of Baltimore. Issue: ^Austin, -Louis Lowe, ^Ed- 
mond Joseph, ^Martin Spaulding, ^Mary. 

Mary married Onno Gorter, of Amsterdam. Plolland. 
Dutch Consul at Baltimore and a merchant of that city 
Issue: ^Onno, -Albert, ^Meta. '^Judge James P., ^Dr. Nathan, 

Onno married Alice Edmonson. Issue: ^Alice and 
^Arthur Edmonson. 

Ariana married Lucillius Briscoe, of Georgia. Issue: 
Mattie Briscoe. They reside at Griffin, Ga. 

James Polk, son of Col. James Polk, married Nannie 
Maddox, by whom he had issue: ^Anna, -Kate, ^James ^W^m 
Maddox. •'J(ihn Lucius, ^'Mary Stuart, "Herschel V. J. 

Anna married J. Leland Busch, Sup't of Public Schools, 
Norfolk, Va. No issue. 

Kate married W. M. Nixon, a merchant of Augusta, Ga., 
Issue: \I()hn, -William. 

James married Florence Queen, an attorney ot Wash- 
ington, D. C. Issue: ^Kenneth, ^John. 



Wm. ]\Iaddox married Emma S. Hudson, of Newport 
News, Va. Xo is^ue. 

John Lucius died in 1890, and Herchel V. J. in 1878. 

John Lucius married ^Nlary Clark and left a son Clark 
Polk, who married and has two children. 


Anne, daughter of Judge Wm. Polk, married 1st, Robert 
Walker, of Georgia; 2d, Hon. Herschel \'. Johnson, of 
Georgia. Issue by 1st: ^William. By the second, -Robt. 
Emmet, "Tallulah. ^Winder, ^Anne, "^Gertrude. 'Herschel' 

William married Virginia Estes and died without issue. 

Robt. Emmet Johnson died soon after he reached ma- 
turity. Tallulah married and lives in 

Georgia. Winder, l)y profession a lawyer, married and lives 
in Georgia. Gertrude is unmarried. Herschel, a physician, 
lives in Georgia, and Tomlinson, a planter, in the same state 


James Polk, second son of William Polk, Sr., and the 
widow Xancy (Knox-Owens) Polk, was born May 17, 1719. 
and died in 1771. His will was dated January 30, 1771. and 
probated April 16, 1771. James was twice married and his 
second wife also deceased before him. He first married Mary 
Cottman ; secondly, her sister, Betty Cottman. His will is 
of record in Frederick County, Maryland. In it he mentions 
his wife, Betty Polk; sons, Benjamin and William: three 
daughters. Xancy. Leah and Mary Polk; grandson. James 
Polk, and granddaughter, Betty Whittington. Leah and 
^lary appear to have been children by the last wife. Betty 

James Polk, son of William Polk, Sr., by his 1st wife. 
Mary Cottman, had issue: ^Mrginia, born 1736. died un- 
married, it is said; -Benjamin, born 1738, died . 

married Sarah Whittington. daughter of Southey Whitting- 
ton and Mary Forsett ; ^Priscilla, born 17-40, died 1S34, mar- 
ried Col. Wm. Whittington; -^Xancy, born about 174-2, died 

216 P O LK F A M I LY A A' D K I X S M E N 

unmarried, it is said; HVilliam, born 1744, died , mar- 
ried his cousin Mary Williams, daughter of Elizabeth Polk 
and John Williams; "^Leah, born about 1746, untraced ; 'Mary, 
born about 1748, died , married James Bratton. 

By his second wife, Betty Cottman, who was left execu- 
trix of his will, James Polk is said to have had the two last 
named children, Leah and Mary. His will is dated Jan. 30, 
1771, and was probated April Ifith following. 

The children of Benjamin and Sarah ( Whittington) Polk 
were: ^James, -Benjamin, ^Joshua, "^Whittington, ^Southey, 
ejane, ^Mary (Polly), ^Nelly, 9Isaac, i^Eleanor, ^Elizabeth, 
i-Sarah, ^-^Daniel — a "baker's dozen." 

James Polk, the first son of Benjamin and Mary Cottman 
Polk, was at one time Surveyor of Somerset County. 

Benjamin Polk, second child of Benjamin and Sarah 

(Whittington) Polk, married , and left 

two children, Southey and Eliza. 

Whittington Polk, son of Benjamin and Sarah (Whitting- 
ton) Polk, married first the widow A. Chapman, second 
, and left issue. 

Eleanor, daughter of Benjamin and Sarah (Whittington) 
Polk, untraced. Said to have died unmarried. 

Jane, daughter of Benjamin and Sarah (Whittington) 
Polk, married 1st, Wm. H. Harper; "^d, her first cousin. Dr. 
Jno. Polk, son of William and Alary (Williams) Polk. Dr. 
Polk was a skillful physician and one of the founders of the 
Delaware Medical Society. He removed to Laurel, Del., died 
there, and his family returned to Somerset. 

Mary, daughter of Benjamin and Sarah (Whittington) 
Polk, married Stephen Collins, an elder in the old Rehoboth 
Presbyterian Church, (first church of that faith in America) 
and a brother of Rev. L Collins. 

Daniel Polk, son of Benjamin and Sarah (Whittington) 
Polk, untraced. 

Isaac, son of Benjamin and Sarah (Whittington) Polk, 
married Rebecca Dashiell and left one child, Sarah, who mar- 
ried W. H. Stephens. 

B.etsy, daughter of Benjamin and Sarah (Whittington) 


Polk, married Michael Cluff, of Worcester County, and they 
had several children. 

Sarah (Sally), daughter of Benjamin and Sarah (Whit- 
tington) Polk, married John \\'hittington. 

Rebecca, daughter of Benjamin and Sarah (Whittington) 
Polk, untraced. 

Xorah, daughter of Benjamin and Sarah (Whittington) 
Polk, untraced. 

Nelly, daughter of Benjamin and Sarah (Whittington) 
Polk, married W. H. Plarper. She was his first wife. His 
second and third wives were Jane Bristow, of New York, and 
Rebecca Covington, of Aid. 

Joshua Polk, son of Benjamin and Sarah (Whittington) 
Polk, died at the age of nearly 78 years. He was the eldest 
child. His early life was spent in Caroline County, Md., but 
later he emigrated to Ohio, where he died. He was born 
Oct. ;n, ITfil; died Dec. 7, 1839. He was thrice married; 
first to Elizabeth Rush. She died in August. 1820. Xo 
issue. Joshua's second wife was Elizabeth Williams, and his 
third ^Margaret Payne. Xo issue by latter. His children by 
the second wife, Elizabeth Williams, were six in number, 

viz : ^Elizabeth Polk, who married Clouser. Xo 

issue. -Joshua ^^'hittington Polk, born Dec. 22, 1812, un- 
traced. ^]\Iary Collins Polk, born April 5, 1814, died Xov. 

12. 1814. 4]\ialinda Polk, born Feb. 6, 1816, died , 

untraced. '"^jMaria Louisa Polk, born Jan. 19, 1818 ; untraced. 
^Josiah Polk, born Aug. 21, 1820; died in infancy. 

These children were born in ^Maryland, before their pa- 
rents' removal to Ohio in the winter of 1827. 

Joshua Whittington Polk, son of Joshua and Elizabeth 
(Williams) Polk, is a citizen of Clinton County, Ohio, and 
is a prominent farmer of that section. He is nearly four 
score and ten years of age, and is noted for having always 
been a man of moderation in all things. He was married in 
October, 1836, to Elizabeth Leaverton. of Highland County, 
Ohio, and had by her twelve children, viz: ^Robert Thomp- 
son Polk, -Leyda Catharine Polk, =^Samuel Judkins Polk, 
''Hannah Elizabeth Polk, ^Wm. Alexander Polk, ♦'Andrew 
Xewton Polk, died unmarried; "Josiah Polk, ^Jason Polk. 


ORuth A. Polk, loPhoebe Jane Pulk, i^Lettice Alma Polk, 
^-Thomas W'hittington Polk. Phoebe, Jane and Thomas W'hit- 
tington are unmarried. 

Robert Thompson Polk, the first child of the above list, 
is a Universalist minister. He lives at Tovvanda, Pa. He 
married Julia Hadley and they had seven children, viz: ^Her- 
bert James, 2Alvar W'hittington, ^Mary, ^^lurry Sheply, died 
young; ^Cora Alma, ^'Robert Hadley, 'Elery Channing Polk. 

Herbert James Polk, the eldest married Etta Turner ; 
two children Mildred and liertha. Herbert James Polk and 
family reside in Boston. He is connected with the Old Col- 
ony Trust Company, of that city. 

Alvar W'hittintgon Polk lives in B(jst()n. He married 
Annie Greenleaf. They have one child, Hadley Greenleaf 

Mary Polk, third child of Robert Thompson Polk, is mar- 
ried and also lives in Boston. 

Cora Alma Polk is unmarried, as is also her l)r(jther, 
Robert Hadley Polk. They live in Towanda. 

Elery Channing Polk is unmarried and a student at col- 

Leyda Catharine Polk married John Eddingfield. and 
they have two children, Xancy Elizabeth and Mary Whit- 
tington, unmarried. 

Nancy Elizal^eth married Tennyson Saunders ; no issue. 

Samuel judkins Polk, married Rachael Larkin, and had 
seven children, viz: ^Jno. Thompson, -Sarah Elizabeth. 
•'Evelyn Mattie, '^Charles W'hittington. -"'Frank, ''^Julia Moor- 
man, 'Burch Polk. 

Jdhn Thompson Polk, eldest son of Samuel Judkins P')lk, 
married Mary Uenny. Xo issue. 

Hannah Elizabeth Polk, daughter of Joshua AN'hiiting- 
ton Polk married Joseph E. Powell and they have four child- 
ren, viz: ^Elizabeth, -Sarena Lavenia, "Lettice Alma, '^Anna 
FVances Powell. 

Elizabeth, eldest child of Joseph E. and Hannah (Polk) 
Powell, married JdIiu Carlisle, a professor in A'ersailles, Miss. 
She died leaving three children, i Bessie Lucille, -Phoebe 
Grace, ''Susie Carlisle. 


Sarena Lavenia Powell, married Edgar Edwards. 

W'm. Alexander Polk married twice. First to IMaroraret 
Larkin by whom he had four children, viz: ijoshua W'hit- 
tington Polk, died unmarried; -Fannie Larkin Polk, ^Robert 
Thompson Polk, ^Earnest Polk, died unmarried. 

W'm. Alexander Polk's second wife was Isaphene Orr ; 
one child. 

Josiah Polk, son of Joshua Whittington Polk, married 
Celeste Ann Shockley, and had five children, viz: ^Walter 
-Charles, ^Elsie, '^Elizabeth. ^Winifred, ^Alma Burnett. 

Walter Charles Polk, son of Josiah and Celeste Ann 
(Shockleyj Polk, is a civil engineer and resides at Indianapo- 
lis, Indiana. He married Eva Purdy ; no issue. 

Jason Polk, son of Joshua Whittington Polk, married 
Cordelia Hufif and had four children, viz: ^Cordelia. -Ada, 
•'^Mary Jane. ^Burley Polk. 

Ruth A. Polk, daughter of Joshua Whittington Polk, 
married Albert Carey and had issue: ^Bertha, -Chilton 0"Xeal, 
^Bessie, ^David. ^'Mary Carey. 

Lettice Alma Polk, daughter of Joshua Whittington Polk, 
married Emerson Groff Polk, her cousin, a banker and promi- 
nent business man of Pocomoke City, ^id. They have no 

^lalinda Polk, daughter of Joshua and Elizabeth Will- 
iams Polk, married Wilson Leaverton, and dying, left seven 
children, viz: ^Sarah Leaverton. unmarried, resides in Illi- 
nois; -Alaria Leaverton. married Orlando Paddry, no issue; 
■"Wesley Leaverton. unmarried, lives in Illinois ; ^Jason t^ea- 
verton, untraced : '^William Leaverton. died unmarried; ^'Dex- 
ter Leaverton. unmarried, lives in Illinois; 'Albert Leaverton, 
married and left children in Illinois. 

]\Iaria Polk, daughter of Joshua and Elizabeth ( Williams) 
Polk, married Thomas Leaverton. and left eight children, 
viz: ^Lettice Leaverton, -Mary Leaverton, -^John Leaverton, 
■^Annie Leaverton. -^Dora Leaverton. ^Thomas Leaverton. 
dead, "Lydia Leaverton. ^Sarah Leaverton. 

Lettice above named married James Dyer, of Kansas 
and thev have children. 


A-Iary Leaverton married Aaron Fink, no issue. 

John Leaverton married Emma Hoxworth, of Illinois. 
They have several children. 

Annie Leaverton married Nelson P. Merrill of Iowa; 
two children: ^Cora ]\Ierrill. -Alajor Merrill. 

Dora Leaverton married Hoxworth, one child. 


Thomas Leaverton died unmarried. 

Lydia Leaverton married a ^Ir. Easter; no issue. 

Sarah Leaverton married and has 

one child and resides in Illinois. 

Capt. Whittington Polk, fourth child of Benjamin and 
Sarah (Whittington) Polk, was born Sept. 9, 1769. died Oct. 
21, 1859, aged ninety years. He was an elder in old Rehoboth 
Presbyterian Church, the first church of that creed established 
in America, and in which so many of the Polks have been 
officers. He was married twice, first to Rebecca Collins, 
by whom he had no issue. Second, to Rebecca Adams, by 
whom he had six children, viz: ^Sarah Elizabeth Polk, ^Whit- 
tington Polk, "Rebecca Collins Polk, ^William Stephens Col- 
lins Polk. '''Joshua Polk, who died in youth ; ''Emerson Groff 

Of the above, Sarah Elizabeth Polk married W^m. Whit- 
tington, son of James and Sally (Coulburn) \Miittington. 
and they have two children, Alice Coulburn and Sarah Rebec- 
ca Whittington. 

Alice Coulburn A\'hittington married Wm. Scott and they 
had issue: ^ Alice. -William. 

Sarah Rebecca Whittington, daughter of William and 
Sarah Elizabeth (Polk) Whittington, married Revel Patter 
son, and had one child. Wm. Williams Patterson, who mar- 
ried Ruth Long; no issue. 

Whittington Polk, son of Capt. Whittington and Rebec- 
ca (Adams) Polk, married twice; first Sarah Ann Stevenson, 
second Grace Stevenson. I'y the first he had issue: ^Upshur 
AMiittington Polk, unmarried ; ^Marion Clement Polk, un- 
niairicd; ^'W'm. James Polk, married Josephine Lawson ; one 


By his marriage to Grace Stevenson, Whittington Polk 
had one child, Ethel Polk. 

Rebecca Collins Polk, daughter of Capt. Whittington 
Polk and Rebecca (Adams) Polk, married Thomas Whitting- 
ton, son of James and Sally (Coulburnj Whittington. Their 
only child, Mary Zippora, married Henry P. Merrill and died 
leaving two children. 

William Stephens Collins Polk, fourth child of Capt. 
Whittington Polk, was twice married. His first wife was 
Maggie Powell, his second wife was Sarah Adams. By the 
first he had issue: ^VVm. Lee Polk, -Eva Polk, ^Florence Polk, 
^Joshua Polk. 

William Stephens Collins Polk and his wife, Sarah 
(Adams; Polk had issue: ^Ada Rose, -Hattie Polk, unmar- 

Wm. Lee Polk, son of Wm. Stephens Collins Polk and 
IVIaggie Powell Polk, married Nellie Clark and they have Carl 
and another child. 

Eva Polk, second child of Wm. Stephens Collins Polk, 
and Maggie (Powell) Polk, married Edward Dixon and had 
three children: 4ioward, -Lee, ^Milton. 

Florence Polk, daughter of Wm. Stephens Collins Polk 
and Maggie (Powell) Polk, married Jesse Crockett and they 
had five children: ^Edward, ^Idabelle, •'^Jesse Polk, ^^lerwin, 
^Alma Polk Crockett. 

Joshua Polk, second son of ^^'m. Stephens Collins Polk 
and Maggie (Powell) Polk, married Mary Pierce and they 
have one child, Allen Miller Polk. 

Emerson Groff Polk, sixth child of Capt. Whittington 
Polk and Rebecca (x\dams) Polk, married three times. First 
to Adeline O. Dryden, by whom he had one child, Adeline, 
who died young. By his second wife, Louisa Dorsey, he had 
three children: ^Annie Dorsey, ^Emerson Whittington, ^Car- 
rie Hargis Polk, 

Annie Dorsey Polk, eldest child of Emerson Groff Polk, 
married W^m. Schoolfield and left at her death three children, 
viz : ^Allen Polk Schoolfield, -Emily Louisa Schoolfield, 
"Wm. Emerson Schoolfield. 

Emerson Whittington Polk, second child of Emerson 


Groff Polk and Louisa (Dorsey) Polk, married Edna Frasier; 
no issue. 

Emerson Groff, for his third wife, married his cousin, 
Lettice Alma Polk, daughter of Joshua W'hittington Polk and 
Elizabeth (Leaverton) Polk; no issue. (See Benjamin Polk's 
descendants, of Wm. Polk l:)ranch). 

Jane Polk, sixth child of Benjamin and Sarah (Whitting- 
ton) Polk, married her cousin. Dr. John Polk of Somerset 
County, Md., and later of Laurel, Del., where he died. Dr. 
John Polk was the eldest son of Col. Wm. Polk, son of W'm 
Polk Sr. Dr. John and his wife Jane Polk, had four children : 
^Harriet, -Clarissa, ^Margaret, and Dr. Wm. T. Polk. The 
two first never married. Margaret married Wm. Stewart 
and died without issue. Dr. Wm. T. Polk married 
his cousin, Mary Ann Harcum, of Northumberland 
County, Virginia. He married secondly Louisa Jane Harcum, 
a sister of his first wife. Mary A. Polk, by the first marriage, 
married Wm. Broughton. 

Isaac Polk, son of Benjamin and Sarah ( Whittington) 
Polk, married Rebecca Dashiell and had one child, Sarah 
Polk, who married W. H. Stevens and had five children. The 
first died in childhood. The others were: ^Rose, -Wm. Sid- 
ney, ^Ephraim, and "^Ella Stephens. Rose married Mr. 
Townsend and had three children : ^Mattie, ^John. "William, 
Sidney married Mary Ellen Mutt and died leaving four child- 
ren : ^Hartley. ^Mary, nVm. Sidney. ^Rose. 

Ephraim Stephens, third child of Wm. H. Stephens and 
Sarah (Polk) Stephens, married a Miss Mills and had three 

Ella Stephens, youngest child of John and Sarah (Polk) 
Stephens, married James Fedderman and left no issue. 

Betsy Polk, daughter of Benjamin and Sarah (Whitting- 
ton) Polk, married Michael Cluft" and left one child, Whit- 
tington Cluff". 

Sarah Polk, daughter of Benjamin and Sarah (Whitting- 
ton) Polk, married John Drummond \\'hittington. a cousin, 
by whom she had: ^Southey Whittington, -Edward Whit 
tington, ^Hester Whittington. 


Southey Whittington married twice, first to Ann Rider; 
no issue. Second, to Jane Rider, a sister of Ann, by whom 
he had one child, Ella W^iittington. 

Edward W'hittington, second child of Jno. Drummond 
W'hittington, married Martha Bayless; one child, Anna W'hit- 

Hester W'hittington, third child of John Drummond 
W'hittington. died unmarried. 

Ella W'hittington, daughter of Southey W'hittington and 
Jane (Rider) W'hittington, married twice. First, to Thomas 
Powell, by whom she had one child, Emma Powell; second, 
to Levin Dasliiell ; no issue. 

Anna W'hittington, daughter of Edward W'hittington and 
Martha (Bayless) W'hittington, married Charles W'etherell, 
and at her death left three sons: ^Charles. -Edward, ^Samuel. 

Rebecca Polk, twelfth child of Benjamin and Sarah (W'hit- 
tington) Polk, married Stephen Collins and died without issue. 

Nora Polk, youngest child of Benjamin and Sarah (W'hit- 
tington) Polk, married Ephraim White and had several child- 




Samuel Polk, third son of William Polk and Mary 
(\\'illiams) Polk, daughter of John and Elizabeth Williams, 
was born April 1(>, 1TS(I and died October 30, 1826. Samuel 
was married July 10, 1804: to Sarah Irving Gilliss (datighter 
of Capt. Joseph Gilliss and Elizabeth (Irving) Gilliss), who 
was born September 13, 1783. and died September 28, 1842. 

Samuel Polk and wife had issue: ^ William Thomas Gil- 
liss Polk, 'born ^lay 18, 1805, died December 17, 1875; -Caro- 
line Gilliss Polk, born June 24, 1807, died August 12, ; 

^Joseph Gilliss Polk, born December 29, 1809, died November 

8, 1870; -tljttleton Robins Polk, born June 17, 1813, died ; 

^Ellen Gilliss Polk, born June 16, 1816, died ; '^^Eliza 

Esther Ann Polk, born April 13, 1819, died January 9, 1897; 
'^Mary Williams Polk, born Fel)ruary 23, 1823, died December 
26, 1906. 


Col. Wm. T. G. Polk, of Princess xA.nne, Aid., was a lead- 
ing merchant and business man of that place; a man of great 
prill )ity of character, pure and exalted life, and an earnest, 
consistent Christian who held fast to the Presbyterian princi- 
ples l)rought from Ireland to America by his ancestors. He 
was for many years an elder in the church and a recognized 
leader in his local congregation. He was for a number of 
years Clerk of the Circuit Court of Somerset County, and was 
appointed a Colonel on the stafif of one of Maryland's Gover- 
nors. Ilcnce his title. No man in ^Maryland stood higher, or 
enjoyed in a greater degree the respect and confidence of his 
peoi)le. To him. especially, is the author of this book indebted 
for early information — traditional, documentary and official 
concerning Rol^t. T.ruce Polk and Magdalen Polk, their 
children, and much historv of the Marvland Polks. 



Princess Anne. Md. 

THE NEV/ Tor- 



Col. Wm. T. G. Polk was twice married. His first wife, to 
whom he was united February '22, 1832, was Elizabeth Gilliss 
Woolford. She died April S, Ibol. His second wife was ^^Irs 
Mary Ann Henry of Berlin, Md., whom he married June 1, 

By his first wife he had issue : ijohn Woolford Polk, 
born January 24, 183-1, died April 23, 1869; -Samuel Woolford 
Polk born July 13, 1836. died February 2, 1841; ^Sarah Ann 
Woolford Polk, born December 6, 1838, died February 11, 1811 
^Elizabeth Williams Woolford Polk, born March 10. 1841. 
died October 24, 1870. 

By his second wife. Airs. Alary Ann Henry, who died 
April 7, 1894, Col. Polk had seven children, viz : ^William 
Thomas Gilliss Polk, born January 7, 1855. Residence Prin- 
cess Anne, "^Addie Henry Polk, born March 29, 1856. Resi- 
dence Columbia, Mo. ; '^Edward Henry Polk, born December 
25, 1858, died December 5, 1867; ^Caroline Woolford Polk, 
born June 22, 1862, died April 22, 1863 ; SMary Bredelle Polk, 
born January 1. 1864. Residence Princess Anne; ^"^Samuel 
Polk, born December 18, 1866, died July 4, 1867; nEHzabeth 
Polk, born September 18. 1870, died August 2, 1871. 

Caroline Gilliss Polk (second child of Samuel and Mary 
(Williams) Polk), married John Woolford, being his second 
wife. They had no issue. 


Joseph Gilliss Polk (third child of Samuel and Alary 
Henry Polk), married October 3. 1830, Imogen Gilman of 
Washington, D. C, daughter of Ephraim and Anna (Craw- 
ford) Gilman. She was born September 20. 1812 and died 
Alarch 1897. 

Joseph Gilliss Polk held the ofiices of Sheriff of Somer- 
set county, and of School Commissioner. He was for a num- 
ber of years an elder in the Presbyterian Church at Princess 

Joseph Gilliss and Imogen (Gilman) Polk has issue: 
ijoseph Littleton Polk, D. D. Ph. D., born August 12, 1837, 

died . 1905: ^Sarah Ann Polk, born December 21, 1838. 

died December 21, 1840; ^Imogen Gilman Polk, born Novem- 


ber 27, 184:0, died December 8, 1840; -^Samuel Polk, born Au- 
gust 25, 1842, died September 9, 1866 ; -^Ephraim Oilman Polk, 
born October 6. 1844. died October Kt. 1899; ^'Imogen Gil- 
man Polk. 2d. born September 21, 1846; died December 22, 
1905; ^\nna Crawford Polk, born September 27, 1848; resides 
at Ridley Park. Pa.; ^W'm. Thomas Gilliss Polk, born August 
2, 1850, residence Princess Anne; '-^Laura Augusta Polk, born 
August 14, 1S55; died x\ugust 8, 18TS. 

Littleton Robins Polk, fourth child of Samuel Polk, died 

Ellen Gilliss Polk (fifth child of Samuel and Mary Polk), 
married John Woolford and was his first wife, his second be- 
ing Caroline Gilliss Polk, a sister of Ellen. John and Ellen 
had issue: ijohn Woolford, born . Residence Prin- 
cess Anne; -Thos. Gilliss Woolford, born ; ^Ellen 

Woolford, born . 

Eliza Ann Polk (sixth child of Samuel and Mary Polk), 
married April 14, 1852, Dr. John Washington Dashiell, born 
January 30, 181T. They had issue: ^Robert Kemp Whitting- 
ham Dashiell, born April 20, 1854, died June 12, 1894; ^Sarah 
Gilliss Dashiell, born November 30, 1855. Residence Prin- 
cess Anne; ""'Ella Bell Anna Maria Dashiell, born I\Iay 29, 
1859. Residence Princess Anne. 

Mary Williams Polk (seventh and youngest child of 
Samuel and Mary Polk), born February 23, 1823, married 
December 3, 1846, Jo^hn Henry Bell, and they had eleven 
children, viz: i^NIary Bell, born August 29, 1847, died Sep- 
tember — , 1847; ^Carrie Polk Bell, born September 22, 1848; 
died in infancy; ^Ellen Stewart Bell, born November 12, 1850. 
Residence Hampton, Va. ; *Jane Meckelhenny Bell, born 
October 22, 1852, died in infancy; ^Sarah Eliza Bell, born 
September 28, 1853, living in New Jersey; -'Littleton Polk 

Bell, born ]\Iarch 26, 1855, died ; 'Annie Rebecca Bell, 

l.Mtrn b'ebruary 'iC), 1857. died in infancy; ''Julia Bell, born 
January 7, 1859; died in infancy, ^John Henry Bell, born 
February 7, 1S6(). died in infancy; ^owiniam Polk Bell, born 
September 18, 1S63, died in infancy; i^Addie Henry Bell, 
born March 2L 1870. residence Baltimore, Md. 

JmIiu Woolford Polk (eldest son and child of Col. Wm. 


T. G. Polk and Elizabeth Gilliss Woolford) never married. 
He served as a soldier in the Confederate Army, in the Civil 

Elizabeth Williams Woolford Polk (third child of Col. 
Wm. T. G. Polk and his first wife, Elizabeth Gilliss Wool- 
ford), married June 13, 1S61, Hayden Heyne Dashiell, and had 
issue: ^Edwin Polk Dashiell, born ]\Iay 23, 1863, died May 
10, 1867; -John Woolford Dashiell, born November 18, 1866, 
living; ^Louis Dashiell, born August 31, 1868, residence Bel 
Air, Md. ; ^William Henry Dashiell, -born October 19, 1870, 
residence Princess Anne. 

Wm. Thomas Gilliss Polk, Jr. (son of Col. Wm. T, G. 
Po)lk, Sr.,), married November 21, 1905, Elizabeth Elzey 
Woolford. No issue. 

Addie Henry Polk (daughter of Col. Wm. T. G. Polk and 
Mary Ann (Henry) Polk), married July 13, 1882, Richard 
Henry Jesse, of Columbia, Boone County, Mo. Issue: 
iRichard Henry Jesse, born January 4, 1884; ^Mary Polk 
Jesse, born October 22, 1885 ; ^Caroline Elizabeth Jesse, born 
August 12, 1887 ; ^William Polk Jesse, horn March 14, 1891 ; 
"Adeline Jesse, born August 23, 1892; ^Henry Bredelle Jesse, 
born October 14, 1894. 

Mary Bredelle Polk, (daughter of Col. Wm. T. G. Polk 
and Mary Ann Henry), married November 20, 1886, Henry 
Lawrence Brittingham. Issue: ^Henry Lawrence Britting- 
bam, born December 3, 1888; -William Polk Brittingham, 
born July 26, 1892 ; ^James Francis Brittingham, born July 4, 
1894. These all reside at Princess Anne. Md. 

Joseph Littleton Polk, D. D. Ph. D. (eldest child of Joseph 
Gilliss Polk and Imogen Gilman), married Mary Wilson of 
Canons'burg. Pa., daughter of Thomas McKean Wilson and 
Elizabeth (Murdock) Wilson. They had twelve children, 
viz: iMary Wilson Polk, born . Residence Wil- 
mington, Del.; -Alexander Murdock Polk, born ; 

^Imogen Gilman Polk, born ; ^Samuel Polk, torn 

. Residence Galore, Md., ^Joseph Gilliss Polk, 

born , died in childhood; ^^Elizabeth Murdock Polk, 

born , died in childhood; '^Laura Gilman Polk, born 

, residence Fagg's Manor, Pa.; ^Lyde Wilson Polk, 


Ijorn , unmarried. Lives at Coatsville, Pa., with 

mother; ^Thomas McKean Polk, born . Residence 

Martinsville, Pa.; ^*^'Annie Polk, born ; iiWilliam 

Thomas Gilliss Polk, born September 6, 1869. Residence 
Fagg's Manor, Pa. ; ^-Elizabeth Murdock Polk, born October 
12, 1882, unmarried. Lives with mother at Coatsx'ille, Pa. 

Samuel Polk (fourth child, and son of Joseph Gilliss Polk 
and Imogen Oilman), never married. He was a soldier in 
the Confederate Army, in the Civil War. 

Ephraim Oilman Polk (fifth child of Joseph Gilliss Polk 
and Imogen Oilman), married February 15, 1871, ]\Iary Oliver 
Culbreth, daughter of Thomas B. and Elmire (Redden) Cul- 
breth. She was born November 4, 1852, and died June 14, 
1881. Ephraim was a colonel on the staft' of one of the Gov- 
ernor's of Maryland ; a member of the Maryland Legislature 
in 1S?8; served as a School Commissioner of Somerset coun- 
ty; was editor of The IMarylander, a newspaper published at 
Princess Anne. Ephraim Oilman Polk and wife had issue: 
lEarle Brodie Polk, born January 3, 18?2, residence Princess 
Anne, where he is Deputy Circuit Clerk of Somerset county. 
Like Col. \Vm. T. O. Polk, he was a most valuable aid to the 
author in collecting ancient Polk data in that State. It was 
he who discovered from the official county, and the Monie 
Church records, that John Polk's second wife, Joanna Knox, 
was not the mother of William and Xancy, John's two chil- 
dren, (as long claimed and as shown on the Polk Tree of 
1849) but a first wife whose given name was Jane. 

Anna Crawford (seventh child of Joseph Gilliss and Imo- 
gen Polk), married October 1, 18G8, Arthur George Woolford 
and had issue: i Arthur Woolford, born August 2, 1869, resi- 
dence Sufifolk. Va.; -Joseph Woolford, born January 21, 1871. 
died November 26, 188)3; ^Levin Woolford, born November 
21, 1872, residence Sunbury, N. C. ; 4Eliza Atkinson Woolford, 
born August 16, 1874, residence Crisfield, Md.; ^Samuel Wool- 
ford, born March 29, 1876, residence Norfolk, Va. 

Imogen Oilman Polk (sixth child of Joseph Gilliss and 
Imogen Oilman Polk), married October 3. 1867, Wm. Charles 
Fontaine. They had issue: \Ioseph Oilman Fontaine, born 
July 4, 1868, died October 12, 1869; ^Imogen Polk Fontaine, 


born June 27. I8T11, residence Princess Anne; ^Ann Crawford 
Fontaine, born August 23, 1872, residence Princess Anne; 
^Laura Polk Fontaine, born October 9. 1874. residence Prin- 
cess Anne; '^Berkley Douglass Fontaine, born January 13, 
1884, residence Philadelphia, Pa. ; ^Ephraim Polk Fontaine, 
born February 7, 1886, residence Philadelphia. Pa. ; 'William 
Gilman Fontaine, born July 1, 1889, residence Philadelphia, 

William Thomas Gilliss Polk (eighth child and son of 
Joseph Gilliss Polk and Imogen Gilman), went to the W^est in 
1871 and has not been heard of since. 

Laura Augusta Polk (youngest child of Joseph Gilliss 
Polk and wife), never married. 

John Woolford, Jr. (eldest son of John Woolford, Sr., 
and Ellen Gilliss Polk, by his first wife), never married. Xor 
did his brother or his sister, Thomas Gilliss and Ellen Wool- 
ford, both of whom are dead. 

Robert Kemp Whittingham Dashiell never married. 

Sarah Gilliss Dashiell married November 30, 1880, Fran- 
cis Henshaw Dashiell and they had two children: lEliza. 
torn April 1883; -Olive, born December 27, 1894, residence 
Princess Anne. 

Ella Bell Anna }^laria Dashiell married June 27, 1888, 
Edward Ornick Smith. Xo issue. 

Ellen Stewart Bell, married October 14. 1874, first Scott 
Covington; second. October 6, 1889, Capt. William Mitchell. 
By the first she had: lErnest Covington, born August 14, 
1875, died in infancy; -Frank Harold Covington, born Jan- 
uarv 2it. ls78. By her second husband, Capt. Mitchell, she 
had one child, Elizabeth Raleigh Mitchell, born September 
28, 1890, residence Hampton, Va. 

Sarah Eliza Bell, married September 15, 1869, Alfred 
Joseph King of Pottsville, Pa., and they had: iPauline King, 
born April 2. 1870; ^Estelle King, born December 10, 1871; 
^Edith C. King, born November 5, 1873 ; -^^larian Alice King, 
born January 6, 1888 ; dead. All of the family reside at Phila- 

Littleton Polk Bell never married. 


Addie Henry Bell, married April 12, 1898, George Allen 
Kelly, of Baltimore, Md. No issue. 

John Woolford Dashiell, unmarried. 

Louis Dashiell, unmarried. 

William Henry Dashiell, unmarried. 

None of Addie Henry Polk Jesse's children are married. 

None of Mary Bredelle Polk Brittingham's children are 

Mary Wilson Polk, married Wm. S. Prickett, of Wilming- 
ton, Del., and they had issue: ^Josephine Mary Prickett; 
-Emily May Prickett, died in infancy ; ^William Sharp Pric- 
kett ; '^Florence Elizabeth Prickett. They reside at Wilming- 
ton, Del. 

Alexander Murdock Polk, M. D., married Annie Meredith 
Hurlock, of Church Hill, Md. No issue. 

Imogen Gilman Polk, married P. A. H. Armstrong, now 
deceased, a Presbyterian minister. One child, Henry Pleas- 
ant Armstrong. 

Samuel Polk (son of Joseph L. Polk) minister, married 
September 14, 1893, Mary Amos of Muddy Creek Fork, York 
county. Pa., daughter of Dr. James B. Amos and Rebecca 
Mitchell. They have issue: ^Joseph Littleton Polk, born 
July 20, 1894, died January 29, 1906; ^Rebecca Amos Polk, 
born October 26, 1896 ; ^James Murdock Polk, born November 
19, 1902. 

Laura Gilman Polk married William McClellan of Fagg's 
Manor, Pa. Issue unknown. 

Lyde Wilson Polk is unmarried. 

Rev. Thos. McKean Polk married Gertrude Edwards of 
Fagg's Manor. 

Annie Polk, married Charles Cook, of Fagg's Manor. 

Wm. Thomas Gilliss Polk (son of Joseph L. Polk), mar- 
ried, name oi wife and of issue, not known. 

Elizabeth Murdock Polk is unmarried. 

Earle Brodie Polk (son of Ephraim Gilman Polk and 
Mary Oliver (Culbreth) Polk, married December 22, 1897. 
Garnet Alma Chelton, of Somerset county, Md., daughter of 
Zachary Taylor Chelton and Annie (Ford) Chelton. Issue: 
iFarle Brodie Polk, born October 12. 189S ; ^Fulbert Culbreth 
Polk, l)orn March 7, 1908, residence Princess Anne, Md. 


Arthur Woolford, married June 21, 1893, Missouri Kelby 
Withers, of Suffolk, Va. Issue: ^Zouzie Woolford, born 
April 2, died April 13, 1894; ^Austin Withers Woolford, born 
August 21, 1S95; ^Nannie Polk Woolford, born October 2-4, 
1897 ; ^Arthur Thompson Woolford, born June 30, 1900 ; -John 
Riddick Woolford, born December 31, 1901; ''jMissouri Taylor 
Woolford, born December 5, 1908. 

Levin Woolford, (son of Arthur George Woolford and 
Anna Crawford Polk), married September 14, 1905, Fannie 
Smith Costen, of North Carolina. No issue. 

Eliza Atkinson Woolford (daughter of Arthur George 
and Anna Crawford Polk), married April 27, 1900, Albert 
Goodrich. They had issue: ^Albert Edwin Goodrich, Jr., 
born September 19, 1902 ; -Gilman Granger Goodrich, born 
November 5, 1905 ; ^Eila Woolford Goodrich, born August 19, 
1908. The family resides at Crisfield, Md. 

Samuel Woolford (son of Arthur George Woolford and 
Anna Crawford Polk), married April 28, 1907, Emma Ash- 
bee. One child, Samuel Woolford, born February 29, 1908. 
Residence Norfolk, Va. 

Imogen Polk Fontaine, married June 12, 1906, George 
Hammond Myers of Hagerstown, Md. One child, George 
Hammond Myers, Jr., born June 14, 1907. Residence, Prin- 
cess Anne, Aid. 

Annie Crawford Fontaine is unmarried. 

Laura Polk -Fontaine, married October 22, 1903, George 
Barton Fitzgerald, of Princess Anne. Issue one child, Geo. 
Barton Jr., born July 5, 1908. 

Berkley Douglas Fitzgerald, married October 28, 1908, 
May Agnes Wildes Guy, of Philadelphia, Pa. No issue. 

Ephraim Polk Fontaine is unmarried. 

Wm. Gilman Fontaine, married August 10, 1907, Lucille 
Jane Mullendore, of Hagerstown, Pa. One child, Wm. Gil- 
man Fontaine, Jr., born October 10, 1908. Residence, Phila- 
delphia, Pa. 

Eliza Polk Dashiell and Olive Dashiell are unmarried. 

Frank Harold Covington, married April 6, 1904, Alice 
Harper Burton. One child, Harold Peyton Covington, born 
January 17, 1905. Residence, Baltimore, Md. 

234 P LK F A M I LV AND K i N S M E N 

Elizabeth Raleigh Mitchell is unmarried. 

Pauling King( daughter of Alfred King and Sarah Eliza 
Bellj, married Joseph N. Short, of Philadelph i No issue. 

Estelle King is unmarried. 

Edith C. King, married Dr. Harry Thatcher, of New Jer- 
sey. One child, Lawrence Smith Thatcher. 

Marion Alice King died in childhood. 

Xone of ]\Iary Wilson Polk Prickett's children are mar- 

Rev. Thomas McKean Polk (son of Joseph Littleton 
Polk, D. D. Ph. D. and Mary Wilson), married October 34, 
1903, Gertrude Edwards, of Fagg's Manor, Pa. Residence 
Martinsville, Pa., where he is pastor of a church. They have 
issue: ^Thomas McKean Polk. Jr., born October 10, 190-t; 
died October 1904; -Katharine Edwards Polk, born March 17, 
1906; SMcKean Edwards Polk, born May 30, 1908. 

Annie Polk (daughter of Joseph Littleton Polk, D. D. Ph. 
D.), married April 29, 1905, Charles S. Cook, of Fagg's Manor. 
Issue: ^Mary Wilson Cook, born Januarv K. in ■-. sLin^jgy 
Ewing Cook, born April 1, 1908. 

Wm. Thomas Gilliss Polk, of Fagg's Manor (son of 
Joseph Littleton Polk, D. D. Ph. D.), married September 23, 
1903, Anna Pierce Miller of Pennsylvania, born February 14, 
1881, daughter of Aaron and Rachael Emma (Kimbel) Miller, 
of Cochranesville, Pa. Wm. T. G. Polk is engaged in farm- 
ing. They have two children: iWm. Thomas Gilliss Polk. 
Jr.. born July (\, 1904; 2Arthur Miller Polk, born Augu'^t 18 




One of the leading families of Maryland with which the 
Polks became connected by marriage was that of Whittington. 
Col. \Ym. A\'hittington came from England during the early 
settlement of the country, locating in Northampton County, 
Virginia, close to the Maryland line, where he resided and be- 
came a leading and influential man in Colonial and local 
affairs. He first settled at Cherrystone, moving thence to 
Indian Town. Worcester County. It is said that at his birth 
he was so small that his nurse put him into a quart measure 
and closed the lid. When grown to manhood, he measured 
seven feet in height. He was a strict Presbyterian. The 
maiden name of his wife is not known. His children were: 
i\Mlliam Whittington, Jr.. who married Elizabeth Taylor; 
-Esther, who married Isaac ^Morris ; ^Hannah, who married 

Huff; ^Atalanta, who married Stephen \\'hite 

^Southey, who married Mary Forsett. 

Children of Atalanta and Stephen White: ^Mary, who 

married Brinkley ; ^Esther, who married A. Sterling; 

^William Whittington White. 

Priscilla (Polk) Whittington, wife of William Whitting- 
ton Jr., lived to a great age and w^as regarded as most remark- 
able woman in many ways. She was a daughter of James 
Polk, son of William Polk and Xancy Owens, and reputed the 
youngest child. Born in 1740, she died in 1834, aged 94 years. 
Several of her husband's kinsmen also intermarried with 
Polks of other branches, and their kinsmen of Somerset 
County, Maryland and Sussex County. Delaware. During the 
Revolutionary A\'ar. a party of British burned her residence on 
their approach she mounted a horse and with one small child 
in front and another behind her. rode twenty miles to the home 
of her brother William Polk. 


Southey Whittington, who married Mary Forsett, had 
issue: ^-Isaac and Stevenson (twins), ^Tabitha, ^Priscilla. 
and ^Sarah. Isaac married Miss E. Wishart ; Stevenson 
married Miss Sarah Coulburn ; and Sarah married Benjamin 
Polk, a brother of Priscilla Polk, who married William W'hit- 
tington, son of Southey. , 

The childen of Sarah Whittington and Benjamin Polk 
were: ^Joshua, who died December 7, 1839 in Sussex County, 
Del., aged 78 years; ^James, who was lost at sea; -^Benjamin. 

Jr., married Miss and left issue Southey and Eliza; 

^Whittington, married twice, first a widow Chapman, second 

a Miss ; '^Elenora, untraced ; ^Southey, untraced ; 

'^Isaac, married Rebecca Dashiell ; ^Nellie, married Wm. H. 
Harper; ^Jane, married Dr. John Polk, her cousin; i"]\Iary, 
married Stephen Collins, an elder in old Rehoboth Church, 
the first Presbyterian church in America, no issue; ^^Sally, 
married John Whittington ; ^-Betsy, married Michael Clufif, 
of Worcester; ^•"I'^Rebecca and Norah, untraced; i^William, 
who married first the widow Chapman and second a Miss 
Collins. No issue. 

Isaac Whittington (son of Southey and Mary Forsett) 
by his wife E. Wishart had issue: ^Hannah, married Hanly 
Handy, of Somerset Co., Md. ; -Ann. married Wm. Cox, of 
]\Iaryland; ^Joshua, married Mary Marshall; ^Lyttleton, 
married Sarah Hearne, daughter of Jacob Hearne, of Sussex. 
They had issue ^William Wishart. married Ann Handy, of 
Maryland; ^Isaac, married Matilda Pusey, of Kentucky; 
^Milcah, married James Smith, of Versailles, Ky., son of 
Wm. Smith and Deborah Hearne; ^Jennie married Warren 
Hearne. of Kentucky; -^Betsy, married Col. Graham, of Ken- 
tucky; *' "James and Nannie (twins); James married Miss 
Lillard, of Kentucky ; Caroline married Richard Taylor, of 
Kentucky; ^Edward married Cordelia Taylor. 

The children of Milcah and James Whittington Smith 

were: ^Amanda Jane Smith, born , died August 1, 

ls;!.s; -'James Whittington Smith; ^C. Cordelia Smith. 

James Whittington Smith married Viola McCorkle. 
Marcli 1. isso. Issue: iWm. Walker, ^Bessie, ^MiJcah, 
4 David Drake, -"'CordeHa. 


Besides the foregoing, there are a number of other 
younger descendants of Sarah W'hittington and Benjamin 
Polk, and W'm. W'hittington 3d, and Priscilla Polk, but they 
are untraced. Many of them are in Kentucky and the Wes- 
tern States. 

(By Henry Fillmore Lankford, Princess Anne.) 

Susan (Porter) Lankford was the daughter of John Por- 
ter and Mary Jane (or Polly) Porter, and Alary Jane or Polly 
Porter was the daughter of Priscella (Polk) Whittington 
and William Whittington. The first husband of Mary Jane 
(or Polly) the mother of Susan, was William Strawbridge, 
the second William Davis Allen, and the third John Porter 

Susan Porter married Benjamin Lankford on the '^ith 
of January, 1822. They are both dead. Susan died in 1883. 
and Benjamin in 1886. 

The issue of Susan and Benjamin Lankford are as fol- 
lows : 

(1.) Henry Smith Lankford, eldest child, born SOth 
January, 1823. First wife. Martha Riggin. They had: Emma 
Florence Lankford. born 11th June, 1852. married Charles 
E. Gunby. He is dead. Issue: ^Paul Lewis Gunby, born 
18th July, 1882; -Harry Porter Gunby. born 22nd July. 1881; 
■^Carrie Lankford Gunby. born 3rd August. 1887, and ^Florence 
Martha Gunby, born 30th September. 1889. Paul Lewis Gun- 
liy married Jessie A. Wilkins ; issue: ^Paul Benjamin Gunby, 
born Tth April. 1906. 

The second wife of Henry Smith Lankford was Mary 
Dameron Pinckard, of Lancaster County. A'irginia. They are 
both dead. Their issue is as follows : ^Henry Fillmore Lank- 
ford, born 21st April. 1856; married Dec. , 1908. Alice 

Catherine Fitzsimmons of Independence, ^lo. -Clarence 
Pinckard Lankford, born 8th February, 1861; married Emily 
Estella Marshall. Issue: Priscilla Pinckard Lankford, born 
11th January, 1896. 3},Xarion Daisy Lankford. born 31st Jan- 
uary, 1870; married Benjamin James Barnes. Issue: ^Mary 



Louise Barnes, born Sth February, 1892; -Marion Frances 
Barnes, born 21st September, 1S96, and ^Benjamin Lankford 
Barnes, born 11th October, 1902. 

(2.) Julia Anne Lankford, second child, born 2.5th Feb- 
ruary, 1825 ; married George Washington Lankford, both dead. 

Their issue: ijames F. Lankford, born , 

died unmarried. -Susan Lankford, born , 

married Samuel D. Lankford. Their issue: George W. Lank- 
ford, born , and Samuel D. Lankford, 

born . ^Sallie A. Lankford, born 

, died unmarried. 

(3.) John Louis Lankford, third child, born ll:th Octo- 
ber. 182G; married ]^Iary A. Lankford. Their issue: i Annie 
Frances Lankford married Charles A. Aliller, (she was born 
1st March, 1857). Their issue: iMollie Jane Miller, born 
October od, 1883; -Elizabeth Lankford Miller, born Decem- 
ber 9th. 1894. SRoman Davis Lankford, born January 3rd, 
1.S59 ; died unmarried. ^Mary Lankford, born February 2nd, 
18G1; married Robert F. ]\Iaddox, and died without issue. 
•'"'Charles Anthony Lankford, born 28th April, 18G3; married 
Xancy Leach; issue: ]\Iary Priscilla Lankford, born Feb- 
ruary 2nd, 1902. *^Benjamm Franklin Lankford. born June 
21st, 1865, unmarried. 'Susan Lewis Lankford. born July 
15th. 1807; married William J. Hall: Their issue: iBIenry 
Louis Hall, born January 7th, 1892 ; -]\Iary Elizabeth Hall, 
born June 23rd, 1897; •"William J. Hall, Jr.. born November 
3rd, 1899, and ^Virginia Hall, born September 29th, 19(JG. 

(4.) lienjamin Franklin Lankford, fourth child, born 

2.jth , 1<S27. His first wife was Amanda E. Porter. 

Issue as follows: ^Susan Ella Lankford, born 1st October, 
1860; married George W. Lankford, of Marshall, Mo. They 
have no issue. -William Franklin Lankford, born February 1st, 
1862, married Emma A. Hargis. Issue: Amanda E. Lankford, 
Ixirn Xovcmber 23rd, 1888. ^Benjamin Bonis Lankford. born 
February 4th, 1864; married Helen Sudler Aladdox. No ^ssue. 
^Sallie \'irginia Lankford, born May Sth. 1866; married John 
^1. Shields of Petoskey, Michigan. No issue. ^Milton Stew- 
art Lankford, born October 5th, 1873; married Florence C. 
Whittington. Lssue : ^Milton Stewart Lankford, Jr., born 



Sept. 17, 1906, and -Dorothy Leavitt Lankford. born August 
21, 1908. 

The second wife of Benjamin Franklin Lankford was 
Matilda A. Sudler, who survived him. No issue by this mar- 

(5.) Sarah Anne Lankford, fifth child, was born August 
29th, 1S;31; married Samuel G. Miles. Issue Clara Miles, 
born October, 1854, married Thomas S. Hodson. 

(6.) Charles A. Lankford, sixth child, born March 17th, 
1837 ; died unmarried. 

(7.) Mary Martha Lankford, seventh child, born Octo- 
ber 5th, 1839; married Robert Henry ]\Iiles. Issue: ^Edward 
Everett Miles, born November 25th, 1861. His first wife was 
Susie R. Pitts. No issue living. His second wife is Lotta 
Bagwell. No issue. 

(8.) Susan Frances Lankford, eighth child, born Jan- 
uary 11th, 1842; married Thomas W. Taylor. Issue: ^Fannie 
Lankford Taylor, born October 4th, 1873; ^Bessie Porter 
Taylor, born August 12th. 1876 ; ^Constance Snead Taylor, 
born June 9th. 1878; ^Thomas W. Taylor, born April 6th. 
1885, died unmarried August 16, 1906. 

(9.) Cornelia Josephine Lankford, ninth child, born June 
14th, 1849; married William T. Lankford. Issue: ^Robert 
Eugene Lankford, born February 6th. 1886 ; -Mary Suzanne 
Lankford, born June 10th, 1890. 


Priscilla Polk, third child of James Polk and ]\Iary (Cott- 
man) Polk, was born in 1740. and died in 1834. She married 
Col. William Whittington, of "Chance," Somerset County, 
Maryland. Col. Whittington was a brother of Sarah Whit- 
tington who married Benjamin Polk, the brother of Priscilla 
Polk. Priscilla is mentioned in the will of her father, James 

The children of Col. William Whittington and Priscilla 
(Polk) Whittington were: lElizabeth, ^Margaret, sjames, 
^William, •'^Ann. *^Mary Jane. Elizabeth Whittington married 
Mitchell Russum. Margaret Whittington, sometimes called 
"Peersfv," married William Porter and moved to Wood- 


ford County, Kentucky. James Whittington married a Miss 
Lawson. Their children were : ijohn, -Harry, ^Theodore, 
^Aljah, ^Franklin, ^Eliza, ^Jane, *^Sarah Anne, ^Cornelia, 
^"Mary, ^^Martha. Mary Jane Polk Whittington, sometimes 
called "Polly," married three times. Her first husband was 
Dr. William Strawbridge, (son of William Strawbridge, Sr., 
and Jane Polk), to whom she was married on the 7th of May, 
17S8. The only issue of this marriage, Jane, was killed in 
childhood by the kick of a horse. Mary Jane's second hus- 
band was William Davis Allen, to whom she was married 
on the 2Gth of March, 1793. There were two children by 
this second marriage : ^William Alien, whose descendants 
are living in Wicomico County, Maryland. "Elizabeth Allen, 
sometimes called "Betsey" Allen, who married three times: 
first, a Jones; second, a Louis; third, a Griffith. 

After the death of her second husband, William Davis 
Allen, the widow, Mary Jane Polk"Whittington-Allen, mar- 
ried John Porter in 1801. 

The children of Mary Jane and John Porter, her third 
husband, were: ^Jane, -Sarah Ann, -"^Susan. Jane Porter mar- 
ried Peter Gillette. Their descendants are living in Dewitt, 
Carroll County, Missouri. 

Sarah Ann Porter married Anthony Brattan. No de- 




James Knox Polk, eleventh president of the United States, 
was born in Mecklenburg County, North Carolina, November 
2, ITDo, and died in Nashville, Tenn. June 15, 1849. He was 
the eldest of the ten children of Samuel Polk, a son of Capt. 
Ezekiel Polk, one of the leading Revolutionary patriots of 
North Carolina, and a signer of the celebrated ^^lecklenburg 
Declaration of Independence. 

Samuel Polk was an enterprising and prosperous planter, 
but yearning for a wider field and better opportunities for 
his children, he emigrated with his family in 1806, to the val- 
ley of Duck River in Tennessee, whither a great number of 
North Carolians had preceded him. His wife, whom he mar- 
ried in 1TII4. was Jane Knox, a daughter of Col. James Knox, 
after whom her eldest son was named. Col. Knox, as he was 
called, was a resident of Iridell County and a Captain in the 
war of the Revolution. 

Beside James Knox Polk. Samuel Polk and wife had five 
sons and four daughters. Of these, ^vlarshall T. married and 
settled in North Carolina, and died there. Franklin, John 
and Samuel W. all died unmarried. William H. was appoint- 
ed in 1845, by President Tyler. Charge d' Affaires to the Two 
Sicilies, where he was on duty when the Mexican War broke 
out. Eager to serve his country, he at once tendered his res- 
ignation and returned to the United States and offered his 
services to the government, backed by the recommendations 
of numerous influential persons. The President, loth to take 
advantage of his position to advance officially a near kinsman, 
demurred to his appointment, but later yielded to strong in- 
t^uences, and \\m. H. Polk was commissioned a Major in the 
Third Dragoons, a new cavalry regiment, organized for ser- 
vice in the war. 

The school advantages of James Knox Polk during the 
first eleven rears of his life, until his father moved to Ten- 



nessee, were small, including only the simpler branches. The 
same conditions pertained to his new home in Tennessee, but 
yearning- earnestly for knowledge, he applied himself assidu- 
ously and made rapid and thorough advancement in his stud- 
ies. Samuel Polk was followed to Tennessee by many of 
his kinsmen, a number locating in the fertile region now in- 
cluded as a part of Alaury County, and others, including his 
father, Col. Ezekiel Polk, in Western Tennessee, about La- 
Grange. In his new home Samuel prospered and he gave to 
his son, James K. Polk, the best obtainable school advantages 

While conducting the operations of a clearing and cultiva- 
ting a large plantation Samuel Polk at intervals engaged in 
surveying. By industry and economy he acquired in time a 
handsome fortune. He lived to witness the brilliant triumphs 
cf his first born son in his professional career, and to mark 
his manly bearing as he advanced steadily along the road to 
greatness and fame. Respected as one of the first pioneers 
of Maury County, and esteemed highly as a man and citizen, 
Samuel Polk died in 1827. His wife, Jane (Knox) Polk, a 
most excellent and pious woman, afterwards married a gen- 
tleman named Edens, of Columbia. She was revered and loved 
by all who knew her. 

James Knox Polk's boyhood was nearly all passed on the 
farm, and here were imbibed those habits of industry and 
sterling principles which characterized all his after life; prin' 
ciples of self-reliance, industry, integrity and virtue, which 
adorned his ripened manhood. He assisted his father in the 
management of the farm, and was his almost constant com- 
panion in his surveying excursions. They were frequently 
absent for weeks together, traversing the forests and cane- 
brakes which then covered the face of the country. On these 
excursions it was the duty of James to take care of the pack 
horses and camp equipage and prepare the scanty meals. He 
also assisted in chaining the tracts surveyed. He was very 
fond of reading and was of a very reflective turn of mind. 
Principally for the recreation they afforded, he engaged in the 
pastimes and sports of boyhood. It was his greatest desire 
to (il)tain a liberal education and toward this object he bent 
all his energies. The profession of law was the goal of his 







ambition and he read with avidity, the few law books that 
he could procure. 

James K. Polk was greatly distinguished for his correct- 
ness and punctuality in all things. He had great industry 
and application, and true native talent that seized upon and 
analyzed every proposition presented to his thoughtful and 
analytical mind. 

During the infancy of the State of Tennessee, as is usual 
in all new settlements, school facilities were quite limited. 
The father of James K. Polk, though not at the time wealthy, 
was able to give all his children a good education. He con- 
templated with pride the inclination of his son's mind toward 
study and kept him pretty constantly at school. Though suf 
fering for years from a painful affliction that required a sur- 
gical operation to cure it, he completely mastered the English 
studies, after which his health began to give way. His father, 
alarmed by his son's failing health, placed him with a mer' 
chant with the view of fitting him for commercial pursuits. 

This change from his books to the counting room was 
a severe blow to the ambition uf James. He had no taste for 
his new calling and the duties were irksome to him in the 
extreme. He had an antipathy to the mercantile profession, 
almost as great as that of John Randolph, who could not en- 
dure "a man with a quill behind his ear." After a few weeks 
with the merchants, by much entreaty and persuasion, James 
induced his father to allow him to return home, and in July, 
1S13. then eighteen years of age, he was placed under the 
tuition of Rev. Dr. Henderson. Later he attended the ^^lur- 
freesboro Acadamv, then conducted bv Samuel P. Black, 
a celebrated classical teacher of ^Middle Tennessee. No ob- 
stacle now stood in the way of James and under the prompt- 
ings of his earnest desires he made rapid progress in his 
studies. In two and a half years he had prepared himself for 
an advanced class in college, and in the autumn of 1815, be- 
ing then in his twentieth year, he matriculated in the Uni- 
versity of North Carolina, at Chapel Hill, at the beginning 
of the sophomore year. 

This noted University, at which so many of the eminent 
statesmen and divines of the South have received their edu- 


cation, was then under charge of Rev. Dr. Joseph Caldwell, 
justly styled "the father of the University." Col. William 
Polk, of Raleigh, a first cousin of the father of James K. Polk, 
was an influential and active member of the board of trustees, 
and had Ijeen from the beginning of the institution. 

While at the University James redoubled his energies 
and quickly and easily went to the head of his classes. It is 
said of him that he never missed a recitation or a religious 
service in chapel. He was thorough in everything he under- 
took. Of the exact sciences he was very fond, and also an 
excellent linguist. At all the semi-annual examinations he 
bore ofif first honors. 

In June, 1818, James K. Polk graduated with the highest 
distinction, which was assigned to him alone, as the best 
scholar in b(jth the mathematics and classics, and delivered 
the Latin Salutatory Oration. At the Annual Commence- 
ment of the University in 1847, the honcjrary degree of Doctor 
of Laws was conferred on ]\Ir. Polk, together with John Y. 
Mason, subsequently Secretary of the Navy and later dis- 
tinguished as a Confederate statesman. 

In 1819 Air. Polk entered the law offices of Hon. Felix 
Grundy, of Nashville, who was at that time head of the Ten- 
nessee Bar. In I8"3ii he passed the regular examination and 
was admitted to the bar. He at once returned to Maury 
County, estaldis'hed an office at Columl)ia, and a good practice 
soon came to him. His first public service was that of Chief 
Clerk to the Tennessee House of Representatives. In 1823, 
Ity a heavy majority, he was elected to the Legislature, where 
he remained for two years. One of his most conspicuous 
acts was a bill to prevent duelling at that time an all too com- 
mrm practice in the South and West. 

In January, 1824, he was married to a charming young 
^\•^nlan, Aliss Sarah Childress, daughter of a wealthy mer- 
chant of I\utherford County. To the charms of a fine person 
she united intellectual accomplishments of a high orde';, and 
was well fitted to adorn any station. In 1825 Mr. Polk made 
tlie race for Congress, in the Duck River district, and was 
elected by a substantial majority. He was repeatedly returned 
for fourteen vears. A warm personal regard existed between 

POLK F .^ M I LY A A' D KI N S M EN 247 

him and General Andrew Jackson, and he was often a wel" 
come guest at the Hermitage. 


The Jackson and Polk families had been intimate for 
years, in Mecklenburg County. X. C. During the Revolution. 
Andrew Jackson's father being dead, he and his two brothers 
joined the army. The eldest was killed at the battle of Stono, 
and the second died from a wound received, which was aggre- 
vated by British neglect in the hospital. During the absence 
of her sons in the army. Mrs. Jackson was often hard pressed 
for the necessaries of life, and was relieved in numerous in- 
stances by Col. Thomas Polk, who owned several mills in 
that section. This kindness to his mother Andrew Jackson 
never forgot, and hence he entertained an abiding friendship 
for the Polk family. In a speech in 1849, telling how he joined 
the army, he said that he was inspired to the act by seeing 
Col. W'm. Polk (son of Col. Thomas), wounded, bleeding and 
covered with dust, urging his men forward at the battle of 
Guilford C. H. 

\\'hile serving his district and State in Congress, James 
K. Polk continued to be distinguished for his punctuality and 
promptness. His speeches were always to the point, clear 
and forcible. He made his debut as a speaker in advocating 
an amendment to the Constitution giving the choice of Presi- 
dent and Vice-President directly to the vote of the people. 
Among the recommendations of Mr. Adams which he strongly 
opposed, were the Panama Mission, an extensive system of 
internal improvements, and a high protective tariff. His ad- 
herance to the principles of the Democratic creed was stead- 
fast and unyielding. He stood hrmly for General Jackson 
previous to and during his entire administration, and was one 
of the earliest opponents of the recharter of the United States 

On the assembling of the Twenty-fourth Congress, in 
December. 1835, James K. Polk was selected as Speaker and 
was elected by a large majority. He continued in the Chair 
of the House for five sessions. 


In adjourning the House on March -i, 1839, and termi- 
nating his connection forever with that body, Mr. Polk de- 
livered a farewell address of some length, characterized by 
deep feeling, and which made a profound impression. 

On his return to Tennessee he was urged to make the 
race for Governor and did so. The canvass was a warm one 
and as a stump speaker Mr. Polk was invincible. He was 
elected over Governor Cannon by upward of twenty-five 
thousand majority, and on October 14th, took the oath of 
ofifice at Nashville and entered upon his exe'cutive duties. In 
August, 184:1, he was a candidate for re-election, but the poli- 
tical storm which swept the country and prostrated the Dem- 
ocratic party in 1840 throughout the Union, made his success 
impossible. In 1843 he was again a candidate l)ut was beaten 
by nearly four thousand majority. 

The great political issue of the Presidential campaign of 
184:4: was the annexation of Texas. That territory had just 
been wrested from Mexico by General Sam. Houston, a son of 
Tennessee, with his brave following of Texas patriots. Be- 
ing organized into an independent republic, Texas asked ad- 
mission into the Federal Union. The Northern States strongly 
opposed such admission, fearing as a result the extension of 
slavery. The Southern States favored admission, and the 
contest was hotly waged over an issue that would not down, 
and which a few years later precipitated the great Civil War. 

Replying to a committee of citizens of Cincinnati, who 
asked his views <>n the subject, Mr. Polk made such a strong 
impression upon the people that he at once became a popular 
favorite for the highest office in the gift of the people. 


-Mr. Polk's views, as expressed in his reply to the Cin" 
cinnati Cummittec, made a great impression on the National 
Democratic Convention, which met at Baltimore on May 24:, 
1841. After a dead lock over other candidates named, Mr. 
Polk was brought forward on the eighth ballot as a candidate 
for the Presidency, and harmony at once followed confusion. 
On the following l)allot, the ninth, he received nearly all the 



a o 
U -J 



TiLDEN Foundations. 


votes of the delegates and the nomination was next made 
unanimous. A strong factor in the result, it is said, was the 
advocacy of Mr. Polk's selection, by General Jackson. George 
M. Dallas was then chosen as the party's candidate for Vice 
President, and "Polk and Dallas" became the Democratic 
war cry. 

The opposition party, the Whigs, nominated Henry Clay, 
of Kentucky, fur President, and Theodore Frelinghuysen, of 
New Jersey, for Vice President. The canvass was a spirited 
one, and mass meetings and processions filled the land with 
political exuberance and enthusiasm. Campaign songs of 
Whigs and Democrats were heard on every hand. 

As the time for Mr. Polk's inauguration approached he 
prepared for his journey to the National Capital, accompanied 
by Mrs. Polk, his adopted son, and Col. J. Knox Walker, his 
nephew and private secretary. His progress was everyvvdiere 
greeted with the most unbounded enthusiasm. At Louisville 
he was escorted to his boat by military companies and a vast 
throng of citizens. At Cincinnati a like demonstration await- 
ed him, and after a splendid banquet the party took carriages 
for the balance of the trip, over the National Road. Three 
other carriages beside that of Mr. Polk composed the proces- 
sion. The second contained the Kentucky delegation ; the 
third that of Louisiana ; and the fourth Tennessee gentlemen. 
At Wheeling there was also a great demonstration for "Young 
Hickory," as his admirers called him. The same enthusiasm 
attended him during the rest of the route. 


On March 4, 1845, James K. Polk was duly inaugurated 
as President of the L'nited States. He delivered an appropri- 
ate and excellent address on the occasion, in which he set 
forth his views on questions at issue, and enunciated the 
principles that would guide him in the discharge of his duties. 
He chose his cabinet from among the mos^ distinguished 
men -of his party. The paramount question at that time was 
that of our title to Oregon, which the Baltimore National 
Democratic Convention had declared to be "clear and un- 
questionable." By a firm course on the part of the President, 


this bone of contention with Great Britain was amicably set- 
tled. It is estimated that thirty thousand people witnessed 
Mr. Polk's inauguration. 

The President and Airs. Polk received visitors at the 
White House the day following the inauguration. Airs. Polk's 
ease, grace and simple dignity won the admiration of all. 
Mrs. Polk was assisted in her social duties by Mrs. Walker, 
wife of her husband's private secretary, a notably beautiful 
woman. On one occasion Air. Clay, being at a White House 
reception, remarked to Airs. Polk that, '"although some had 
expressed dissatisfaction with the administration of her hus- 
band, not one seemed to have found fault with hers." 

Immediately after the treaty of annexation of Texas was 
concluded with the United States, Mexico officially pro- 
nounced the treaty to be "a declaration of war between the 
two nations," and Santa Anna, President of Alexico, in June, 
1844, declared it to be the firm determination of Alexico to 
re-conquor Texas. He called for an army of 30,000 men and 
four millions of dollars for that purpose. The Mexican forces 
were hurried into the field and pushed to the Northern fron- 

On the part of the United States, the military forces un- 
der General Zachary Taylor advanced to the Rio Grande, to 
prevent invasion by Alexican troops. Congress a short time 
afterwards declared war against Alexico and called for fifty 
thousand volunteers. These volunteers were furnished prin- 
cipally by Kentucky. Tennessee, Alississippi, Arkansas, Alis- 
souri, Illinois. Indiana and Ohio. The iM-ave riflemen of the 
West were hurried to Alexico and at the ensuing battles of 
Pain Alto, Resaca dc la Palma, Alonterey, A^era Cruz, Cha- 
pu!tei)ec and City of Alexico. they carried the Stars and 
Stripes to victory, giving to the L'nited States not only Texas. 
but also Xew Alexico and I'pper and Lower California. As 
has Ijccn trutlifully said: 

"\\ hen Americans today look upon the great and wealthy 
territory secured thereby, it is not probable that any one will 
fail tn tliank Air. I'ulk fnr his firm position in bringing on 
the conflict. Tlie \alue of gold alone in California can never 
be adec|uately estimated." 


Mr. Polk's Cabinet consisted of James Buchanan, of 
Penn., Secretary of State; Robert J. Walker, of Miss., Sec- 
retary of the Treasury; William L. ^Nlarcy, of New York, 
Secretary of War; George Bancroft, of Mass., Secretary of 
the Xavy till September 9, 1846, afterward John Y. Mason, 
of Va., Cave Johnson, of Tenn., Postmaster General; 
Nathan Clifford, of Maine, and Isaac Toucey, of Conn., suc- 
cessively Attorneys General. 


The chief measures which distinguished the administra- 
tion of James K. Polk, besides those already enumerated, 
were the adoption of the low tariff of 1846, replacing the 
protective one of 1842 ; the establishment of the independent 
treasury system, by which the revenues of the government 
are collected in specie without the aid of banks ; the creation 
of the Department of the Interior; and the admission of 
Wisconsin as a state of the Union. 

As one of his biographers, Jenkins, said of him : 

"Mr. Polk could not have said, with Augustus Caesar, 
that he found the capital of the republic built of brick, and 
left it constructed of marble; but he might have claimed that 
he found her territories bounded on the south by the Sabine 
and the 42d parallel, and her authority west of the Rocky 
Mountains existing only in name ; and when he transferred 
the government to other hands, New Mexico and California 
were annexed to her domain, and her flag floated in token of 
sovereisrntv on the banks of the Rio Grande, on the shores of 
the Straits of Fuca, and in the bay of San Francisco." 

The acquisition of this territory served to fill out and 
complete the vast and comprehensive plan of national empire 
inaugurated by Thomas Jefferson and the American people 
in the purchase of Louisiana Territory from France in 1806. 
And the wisdom of both these transactions is attested by the 
magnificent development in those regions since their acquisi- 
tion, adding wealth and strength to our country by the dis- 
covery of vast stores of gold and silver, and the settlement 
of millions of enterprising citizens. 


The adjournment of Congress at the close of Mr. Polk's 
administration, took place March 3, 1849. The 4th being 
Sunday, the inauguration of his successor, Gen'l Zachariah 
Taylor, took place on ^^londay the 5th. On the same day Mr. 
and Mrs. Polk took leave of their friends and started to their 
home in Tennessee. All along the route through Richmond. 
Wilmington, Charleston, Savannah, New Orleans, and every 
place they passed, a grand ovation and welcome was await- 
ing him from vast crowds of admiring citizens. Reaching his 
beautiful home in Xashville which he had but a short time 
before purchased, he retired to the comforts and pleasures of 
his home, and devoted his time to its improvement. 


Some time before his return to Tennessee, Air. Polk pur- 
chased the mansion and grounds formerly owned by his friend 
and preceptor, Hon. Felix Grundy, in the city of Nashville. 
Here, in this elegant Colonial home, surrounded by every 
comfort, he .settled down to spend the rest of his life in ease 
and quietude ; in the sweet companionship of his devoted wife, 
liis books, and of his devoted friends. 

The year of 1849 was made memorable by a second visit 
to the United States of that dread disease, Asiatic cholera, 
and many deaths occurred from it in the Mississipi Valley. 
On his way up the Mississippi River from New Orleans, in the 
month of March, INIr. Polk had suffered what was considered 
a moderate attack of the disease, which was warded off by 
the 'physicians who attended him. He was very much ener- 
vated l)ut w?s thouglit to have entirely recovered. Btit on 
his arrixal at Nashville he became more enfeebled, thou2:h 
gi\ing his constant attention to the improvement of his home, 
in which work he was often assisted by Mrs. Polk. These 
constant labors seem to have brought on again his old afflic- 
tion of dysentery and he was prostrated on his bed. For sev- 
eral days no apprehension was felt by his friends and kins- 
men. Dr. Hay. his brother-in-law and family physician for 
twenty years, came from Columbia to attend him, aided by 
other skillful medical men. But all that medical skill could 
do proved futile and 'Mr. Polk continued to sink day by day, 



Raleigh, N. C. 




and he died without a struggle on June 15, 1849. About a 
half hour before his death his venerable mother entered his 
chamber and kneeling by his bedside ofifered up a beautiful 
prayer to the "King of Kings and Lord of Lords," committing 
the soul of her son to his holy keeping. Air. Polk's death oc- 
curred in the fifty-fourth year of his age. 

The funeral exercises took place on the following day 
and his body was laid to rest in a grave in one corner of the 
residence yard. Over the grave was erected an imposing 
structure of marble that long stood and was only removed 
when the remains were transferred to the State House vard 
to give place for a large flat building. The funeral was at- 
tended by nearly the entire population of Nashville and ad" 
jacent country. Upon the coffin plate the inscription con- 
sisted simply of his name and the dates of his birth and de- 
cease. Thus passed from the stage of human action one who 
was an honor to his family, not only because of his intrinsic 
merits as a man. but also by reason of the fact that he had 
attained and filled with advantage to his fellow citizens the 
highest office in the gift of his country. 




The following numbered record of Polk families was pre- 
pared and is constantly be'ftnj added to by Col. Geo. W. Polk, 
of San Antonio, Texas. It includes principally the descen- 
dants of Col. Thos Polk, of Mecklenburg County, N. C. 

RECORD No. 1— Col. William Polk, son of Col. Thomas 
Polk and Susan Spratt Polk. b. July 9, 1758, in Mecklenburg 
County, N. C. Occupation or profession, Officer of the Re- 
volutionary Army, Bank President, Capitalist. Col. Polk mar- 
ried 1st: Grizelda Gilchrist, Oct. 15, 1789. He married 2nd: 
Sarah Hawkins Jan. 1st, 1801. 

Issue by his 1st marriage: ^Thomas G. ; -Dr. William Jul- 
ius ; 3nd marriage : ^Lucius Junius ; -^Lucinda Davis, b. Jan. 13, 
1804, d. May 9, 1805; ^Leonidas, ^^Mary Brown; ^Alex Hamil- 
ton, b. Sept. 19, 1810, d. Sept. 8, 1830; «John Hawkins, b. Aug. 
15, 1812, d. Oct. 28,1813; '^'Rufus King; i«George Washington; 
"Philem&n Hawkins, b. Mar. 26, 1820, d. Aug. 27, 1820 ; ^^Susan 
Spratt; ^^Andrew Jackson; ^^Sarah Hawkins, b. Mar. 16, 1826, 
d. Sept. 11, 1826; ^''Charles Junius, b. Oct. 8, 1828, d. Oct. 16, 

Col. Wm. Polk d. July 14, 1834, and was buried at Ral- 
eigh, N. C. His first wife d. Oct. 22, 1799 ; his second wife d. 
Dec. 10, 1843. 

Grizelda Gilchrist, first wife of William Polk, was the 
daughter of Thomas and Martha Gilchrist, whose maiden 
name was Jones. Grizelda was b. the 24th day of October 
1768, in the town of Suffolk, Va. 

Sarah Hawkins, second wife of William Polk, was the 
daughter of Phil&meii and Lucy Hawkins, whose maiden 
name was Davis. Sarah was 1). in \\'arren County, N. C, 
on the 6th day of March, 1784. 

RECORD No. 2— Thos. G. Polk, son of Wm. Polk and 
Grizelda Gilchrist, b. Feb. 22, 1791 at Raleigh, N. C, was a 







lawyer by profession. He was married Oct. 30, 1812 to Mary 
Eloise Trotter. 

Children: ^Jane; -Mary; "William; ^Emily, d. Nov. 3, 
1907; -^Thomas, (died young); <^Richard ; 'Gilbert. 

Gen'l Thos. G. Polk d. Mar. 16, 1869 at Holly Springs, 
Aliss. His wife d. May 25, 18T0. 

Gen. Thomas G. Polk was a graduate of "Yale." Also 
of the celebrated Law School at Litchfield, Conn. A courtier 
in manner and person ; full of the chivalry of his race. Mar- 
ried a noble woman, celebrated for her learning and piety. 

RECORD No. 17— Jane Polk, daughter of Gen'l Thos. G. 
Polk and Mary Trotter Polk, married Dr. Bouchelle. 

RECORD No. 18— Mary A. Polk, daughter of Thos. G. 
Polk and Alary Trotter Polk, married George Davis. Issue: 
\Tunius ; -Mary (died unmarried); ^Emily ; ■*Louis; ^Isabella; 

RECORD No. 24— Junius Davis, son of George Davis and 
Alary Polk Davis, profession lawyer, was twice married. 
First to Alary Orme Walker; second to Alary Cowan. Issue: 
lAIary; ^Thomas ; ^^funius ; '^George ; ^Platt ; '^Louis ; 'Robert; 

RECORD No. 26— Emily Davis, daughter of George 
Davis and Alary Polk Davis, was married to Jno. Crowe. 
Issue: ^George; -Fairfax; ■"^William: -^Emmett. 

RECORD No. 27— Louis Davis, son of George Davis and 
Alary Pulk Davis, untraced. 

RECORD No. 28— Isabella Davis, daughter of George 
Davis and Alary Polk Davis, was married to D. Shotter. 
Issue: Isabella. 

RECORD No. 29— Alargaret Davis, daughter of George 

Davis and Alary Polk Davis, married Air. , and 

had issue: ^Isabella; -Cynthia; ^Aleta. 

RECORD No. 19— William Pulk. son of Thos. G. Polk 

and Alary Eloise Trotter, was b. Xov. 17, 1821, d. , 1909. 

Sugar planter, Ashton Plantation, near Alexandria, La. Alar- 
ried Jan. 20, 1857 to Rebecca Evaline Lamar, by whom he had 


issue: ^AHce, b. March 11, 1858; -William, b. Feb. 6, 1862; 
■Wlary Eloise, b. Sept. 4, 18(34. 

\Mlliam Polk d. Jan. 24, 1898 at New Orleans and was 
buried at Alexandria, La. His wife died in ll»n!J. 

William Polk resided from early manhood to his death 
in Louisiana. He was a man greatly esteemed and beloved 
and an authority on cane culture. He married into the distin- 
guished Lamar family, of Georgia, whose name, like the Polk 
name, is of national fame. 

RECORD No. 46— Alice Polk, daughter of William Polk 
and Rebecca Lamar Polk, b. March 11, 1858 at Holly Springs, 
Miss., married Aug. 4, 1890 at Asheville, X. C, to W'm. P. 
Flower. Issue: W\'m. Polk Flower, Jr., b. May 26, 1891. 

This oldest child of William Polk and Rebecca E. Lamar, 
Alice Polk, a l)eautiful and accomplished woman, was edu- 
cated in Stanton, \'a.. at Dr. Phillips' celebrated Church School 
She lived for a number of years at Flenerton Plantation. La., 
later in Xew ( )rleans, La. 

RECORD No. 47— Wm. Polk, Jr., son of Wm. Polk and 
Rebecca Lamar Polk. b. Feb. 6, 1862, at Ashton Plantation, 
Rapides Parish, La. Residence Alexandria, La., is a promi- 
nent sugar planter and was married Aug. 8, 189:3 to ]\Iiss Ella 
Baillio Hayes. Issue: ^Lamar, b. at Rosalie Plantation, La., 
May 4, 1894; -Ella, b. in Alexandria. La., on June 5, 1904. 

The only son of William Polk and Rel)ecca E. Lamar, 
Wm. Polk. Jr., was educated at the University of Louisiana, 
]»aton Rouge. He was a man of influence and was several 
times elected to the Legislature, where he served with ability. 
He married a beautiful woman, of an aristocratic French 

RECORD No. 48— Mary Eloise Polk, daughter of Wm. 
Polk and Rebecca Lamar Polk, h. Sept. 4, 1864 in Texas, was 
manied Jan. 2i), 1,SS5 to David S. Ferris. Issue: ^Livingston 
Polk. b. Aug. ;;i), is,s6, West Chester County, Xew York, the 
ancestral home of the Ferris family. 

This second daughter of \\"illiam Polk and Rebecca E. 
Lamar, ;i woman of the excpiisite Idonde ty])e, was educated 
at Dr. iiccket's celeljrated Institute in Columbia, Tenn. She 



Alexandria, La. 





is noted for a sweet benevolence of character and rare social 

RECORD No. 3— Dr. Wm. Julius Polk, son of Wm. Polk 
and Grizelda Gilchrist, b. Alarch 21. i:9;3, at Raleigh. X. C, 
residence in Maury County, Tenn. He was a wealthy planter. 
He was married June 1, 181S to ^lary Rebecca Long. Issue: 
^Grizelda Gilchrist; -Allen J.; "Thomas G. ; ^Mary Jones; 
'"Lucius Eugene ; ''Cadwalader Jones ; 'Rufus J. Dr. Wm. 
Julius Polk d. at his home Buena Vista. Maury County. Tenn.. 
June, 1860. JMary Rebecca Long was b. in 1T97, at Mt. Gal- 
lant. X. C, the home of her grandfather, Gen'l Allen Jones, 
from whom she inherited it. She d. in 1886 at Columbia, 

RECORD No. 54— Grizelda Gilchrist Polk, daughter of 
Wm. J. Polk and Mary Long Polk, b. ^larch 8, 1819 at ^It. 
Gallant, Xorthampton County, X. C. was married June 4. 
1844 to Russell Houston, of Louisville. Issue: ^:\lary Russell; 
-Louise Ross, d. Aug. 10, 18.-iO ; ^Allen Polk; ^Lucia Eugene; 
^Elise. She d. April 37. 1901 and was buried in Cave Hill 
Cemetery, Louisville. Ky. Her husband Russell Houston d. 
Oct. 1, 1895. For thirty years :\Ir. Houston was chief attor- 
ney for the L. & X. R. R. 

RECORD No. 61— ^lary Russell Houston, daughter of 
Russell Houston and Grizelda Polk Houston, b. March 2:. 
1845, was married April 31, 1874 to Lytle Buchanan, of Louis- 
ville. Xo issue. She d. ^lay 10. 1907. 

RECORD No. 62— Allen P. Houston, son of Russell 

Houston and Grizelda Polk Houston, b. ; married 

Mattie Belle Shreve, of Louisville. Ky. Issue: ^Russell ; 
-Belle L. ; ^'Allen P. 

RECORD No. 63— Lucia Polk Houston, daughter of 
Russell Houston and Grizelda Polk Houston, married George 
H. Hull. Issue: ^Grizelda H. ; -George H. : -"Lytle B. ; 
^Russell H.; -"'Lucia H. Residence, Tuxedo. X. Y. 

RECORD No. 64— Elise Houston, daughter of Russell 
Houston and Grizelda Polk Houston, married 1st Joseph L. 


Ferrell ; 2nd Theodore Presser. Issue: By first, ^Grizelda 
H. ; -Alary Russell. Residence, Philadelphia. 

RECORD No. 65— Russell Houston, son of Allen P. 
Houston and Alattie Shreve Houston, was born at Louisville, 
Ky. Residence, Chicago. He married Dec. 14, 1S98 to Flora 
P. Harris. Issue: ^Alattie Belle Houston; -Russell Houston, 
Jr.; •\John Harris Houston. 

RECORD No. 66— Belle S. Houston, daughter of Allen 
P. Houston and Alattie Shreve Houston was born at Louis- 
ville, Ky. She married Ralph Golier Plubbart. Issue: 
Mattie Belle Shreve. 

RECORD No. 68— Grizelda Hull, daughter of George H. 
Hull and Lucia Houston Hull was married Alay 28, 1905 to 
Capt. Richmond Pearson Hobson of Alerrimac fame. Issue : 
^Lytle, -George, ^Russell, ^Lucia. 

RECORD No. 55— Alajor Allen Jones Polk, son of Wm. J. 
Polk and Alary Long Polk, was b. Alarch 5, LS24, at Farm- 
ville. X. C., and died at Helena, Ark. He was a leading 
planter. Alajor Polk was twice married, first to Alary Clen- 
denin. Issue: ^W'm. (d. young) ; -Alary. His second wife was 
Anna Lee Clark Fitzhugh, whom he married June KI, 1859. 
By the latter he had issue: ^Allen Jones, b. March 22, LSGO ; 
^Clark Fitzhugh. h. Alay 10, 1.S61 ; "Susan Huntington, I). Jan. 
1, 1864; ^Anna Lee, b. Nov. 28, 1866; -^Grizelda Houston, b. 
Dec. 8, 1868; ^Robin Ap. Allen, b. June 8, 1879. 

Alaj. Allen J. Polk died Alarch 17, 1897. Anna Fitzhugh 
Polk d. Dec. 3, 19U2. Allen J. Polk, Jr., d. Feb. 13, 1875. 
Clark Fitzhugh. d. ATay 6, 1<SS5. 

RECORD No. 76— Alary Polk, daughter of Allen J. Polk 
and Alary Clendennin, b. Oct. IS. 1,S52 at Columbia, Tenn., 
married Dec. 18, 1877 to Frank B. Hemphill. Issue: ^Alary 
Polk; -Franklin, 1). Aug. 15, 189(1; -Wllen Polk, b. Oct. 26, 

RECORD No. 79— Susan H. Polk, daughter of Allen J. 
Polk and Anna Clark Fitzhugh, b. Jan. 1, 1864. at Terre Haute, 
Ind.. married Jan. 13, 1887 to T. W. Kessee. Issue: ^Zelda 



Polk, b. Jan. 31, 1889; ^Thos. Woolfin, b. July 13, 1891; ^Allen 
Polk, b. Oct. 1. 1896. Residence. HelenJ, Ark. 

RECORD No. 80— Anna Lee Polk, daughter of Allen J. 
Polk and Anna Clark Fitzhugh, b. Nov. 28, 1866 at Louisville, 
Ky., was married Feb. IT, 1887 to Sam"l A. Pepper. Issue: 
lAllen Polk, b. Dec. 5, 1888; ^Zelda Fontaine, b. March 2;. 
1889; ^Anna Fitzhugh. b. Feb. T. 1895; ^Samuel Alexander, b. 
Sept. 28, 1897. Residence, .Memphis. 

RECORD No. 81— Grizelda Houston Polk, daughter of 
Allen I. Pulk and Anna Clark Fitzhugh, b. Nov. 8. 1868. at 
Louisville, Ky., married Xuv. 12. I89u to D. T. Hargraves. 
Issue: iDavid Thompson, b. July 3, 1900; -'Grizelda Polk, b. 
May 29, 1904; -Wnna Lee, b. Oct. 27, 1907. 

RECORD No. 82— Robin Ap Allen Polk, son of Allen 
J. Polk and Anna Clark Fitzhugh. b. June 8, 1879 at Helena, 
Ark., by profession a Civil Engineer. All single. 

RECORD No. 56— Dr. Thos. G. Polk, son of Wm. J. Pulk 
and ^lary Long Polk, was b. Dec. 5, 1825. in Salisbury. X. C. 
He was married in 1851 to Lavinia C. \\ bod. Issue : ^^^lary ; 
-Carrie; ^Grizelda; '*\\'m. J. 

Dr. Polk died in 1877. and was buried at St. Johns Church, 
Maury County, Tenn. His wife died in 1887. (See Chapter 
28 for sketch.) 

RECORD No. 93— Mary Pulk, daug:hter of Thos. G. 
Polk and Lavinia \\'ood Polk, b. -March 12. 1852 in St. Mary's 
Parish. La. She was married April 10, 1872 to A\'. \\'. Little- 
john. Issue: ^Thomas; -^largaret; ^\\'m.\\'hitson, b. March 
30, '83, d. June, 7, "84; ^Lavinia Polk. Her husband died Feb. 
8, 1907. buried at Decatur. Ala. 

RECORD No. 97— Thomas Littlejohn. son of W. W. 
Littlejohn and Mary Polk Littlejohn. b. :\Iarch 22, 1873 at 
Memphis, Tenn. Wife's name unknown. Issue: ^Margaret, 
b- April 13, '97. 

RECORD No. 98— Margaret Littlejohn, daughter of 
W. W. Littlejohn and Mary Polk Littlejohn, b. April U, 1875 
at Memphis, Tenn. She married Sept. 8, 1896 to Wm. Spright. 
She d. ^lav 29, 1,^97 at Decatur, Ala. 


RECORD No. 99— Lavinia Littlejohn, daughter of W. W. 
Littlejohn and Mary Polk Littlejohn, was born at Decatur, 
Ala., . 

RECORD No. 94— Caroline Polk, daughter of Thos. G. 
Polk and Lavinia Wood Polk, b. Sept. 7, 1853, at Milliken's 
Bend, La. Married May (3, 1.ST3 to H. S. Horner. Issue: 
ijohn Sidney ; -Mabel, b. Aug. IL 1«'^6, d. Sept. 3, 1877; ^Mimi 

RECORD No. 101— J(jhn Sidney Horner, son of H. S. 
Hornor and Caroline Polk Hornor, b. Dec. 11, 1873, at Helena, 
Ark., is a banker. He was married Jan. 3, 1900, to Frances 
]\Iay ]\Ioore. Issue: ^Robert Moore; -Carolyn Polk. 

RECORD No. 102— ^limi Polk Horner, daug-hter of H. S. 
Hornor and Caroline Polk Hornor, was b. at Helena, Ark 
She married Dec. 17, 1900, to Wm. B. Pillow. Mr. Pillow died 
^lay 23, 1904, at Helena. 

RECORD No. 95— Grizelda Polk, daughter of Thos. G. 
Polk and Lavinia Wood Polk, b. Dec. 8, 1855, near Greenville; 
Miss., residence near Burton, Ala., married July 5, 1877, to 
Joseph Sterling. Issue: Mary Ruffin. Grizelda d. Oct. 25, 
19()G, at Helena, Ark. 

RECORD No. 96— Wm. J. Polk, son of Thos. G. Polk and 
Lavinia Wood I'olk, b. June 14, 1862, was married Jan. 2, 1893, 
to Enola Greenleaf. Issue: ^Alagdalen Tasker. Wm. J. 
Polk. d. April 12, 1902, at Decatur, Ala. 

RECORD No. 57— Mary Jones Polk, daughter of Dr. 
Wm. J. Polk and Mary Long Polk, b. Nov. 28. 1831. at Salis- 
bury, X. C. She married Jos. Gerald Branch, of Florida. 
Residence, St. Louis, Mo. Issue: ^Mary Polk; -Lawrence; 
•"■l.ucia rCugenia; ^Joseph Gerald. 

RECORD No. 107— Mary Polk Branch, daughter of Jos. 
Gerald Branch and Mary Polk Branch, was born at Buena 
Vista. Maury County, Tenn. Residence, St. Louis, Mo. Mar- 
ried June Hi. 1S85 to Dr. Charles Winn, who d. 1893 at Nash- 


RECORD No. 108— Laurence Branch, son of Jos. Gerald 

Branch and Mary Polk Branch, b. at Buena \'ista, Alaury 

County, Tenn. Residence, St. Louis, AIo. Occupation, 
wholesale merchant. He is unmarried. 

RECORD No. 109— Lucia Eugenia Cadwallader Polk 
Branch, daughter of Jos. Gerald Branch and ]\Iary Polk 
Branch, was born at Columbia, Tenn. Residence, St. Louis, 
Mo. She was married Dec. IL LS88 to J. William Howard. 
Issue: ^Gerald Branch, b. in Columbia, Tenn., Dec. 31, 1S89 ; 
^Lawrence Branch, b. in St. Louis. Mo., Aug. 20, 1900. 

RECORD No. 110— Joseph Gerald Branch, son of Jos 
Gerald Branch and Mary Polk Branch, was b. at Columbia, 
Tenn. Residence, Chicago. 111. Profession, ^Mechanical and 
Electrical Engineer. He is unmarried. 

RECORD No. 58— Gen"l Lucius Eugenia Polk, son of 
Dr. Win. J. Polk and ^lary Long Polk. b. July 10, 1833, at 
Salisbury, X. C. Residence, ]\Iaury County, Tenn. He was 
a planter, and was married Aug. 19, 18G3 to Sallie Moore Polk. 
Issue: ^Rufus K. (M. C. of Pa.) ; -^^lary Rebecca; "Lucius E. ; 
^Wm. Julius; ^James Knox. Gen"l Lucius E. Polk d. Dec. 1, 
1892 and was buried at St. Johns Church, ^laury County, Tenn. 

RECORD No. 113— Rufus K. Polk, son of Gen'l Lucius E. 
Polk and Sally Moore Polk, b. Aug. 23, ISfjG, in Maury County. 
Tenn. Profession. Alining Engineer and Aletallurgist (M. C. 
of Pa. See Congr. memorial addresses), at his death was a 
M. C. from the 17th Pa. District. He was married Oct. 27. 
1892 to Isabella Grier. Issue : ^Emma Grier, b. Nov. 12, 1S93 ; 
^Porter Grier. b. Feb. 24, 1895; ^Rufus King, b. Sept. 2, 1896; 
^Isabel Grier, b. Sept. 22, 1897 ; •''Sarah ^loore and ]\Iary Re- 
becca, b. May 15, 1900. Rufus K. Polk d. March 5, 1902 and 
was buried at Danville. Pa. 

RECORD No. 114— Mary Rebecca Polk, daughter of 
Lucius E. Polk and Sally Moore Polk. b. May 20, 1868, at West 
Brook, Maury County. Tenn. She was married Feb. 4, 1900 
to Scott P. Harlan. "^ Issue: ^Sarah Polk, b. Dec. 20. 1891; 
^Benjamin Joseph, b. Aug. 9, 1893; ^Lucius Polk, b. June 21 
1895 ; ^Katherine Scott, b. Ian. U, 1898. 


RECORD No. 115— Lucius E. Polk, Jr., son of Gen'l 
Lucius E. Polk and Sallie Moore Polk, b. March 23, 1870, at 
West Brook, Maury County, Tenn. He is a Civil Engineer. 
Also served as First Lieut. 4th Regt. Tenn. Vol. Inft. and 
Captain -1:3d Regt. U. S. V. L during Spanish-American War. 
He was married Aug. 30, 1898 to Blanche Clements. Issue: 
Lucius Eugene, b. Feb. 1-4, 1900, at Knoxville, Tenn. Lucius 
d. May 18, 1904, and was buried at St. Jo'hns Church, Maury 
County, Tenn. 

RECORD No. 116— \Vm. J. Polk, son of Lucius E. Polk 
and Sally Moore Polk, born June 13, 1875, at West Brook, 
Maury County, Tenn. He is a planter and lives in Maury 
County. He was married June 31, 1899 to Willie May Glass. 
Issue: iMary Rebecca, b. July 16, 1901; -'Sarah Glass, b. July 
1, 1904. 

In June, 1895 AVm. J. Polk graduated from Battle Ground 
Academy, Franklin, Tenn. Entered LaFayette College, 
Pa., in September 1895. In September 1896 entered Medical 
Department Vanderbilt University of Nashville, Tenn. 
Joined Medical Department of First Tenn. Reg. Vol. May 1, 
1898. Served until disbanded in San Francisco,, Cal. Took 
special hospital work in Tulane Hospital, New Orleans, La., 
from January 1899 until following May, 1899. 

RECORD No. 117— James Knox Polk, son of Lucius E. 
Polk and Sally Moore Polk, b. Jan. 14. 1883, at West Brook, 
Maury County. Tenn., d. Feb. 13, 1913, at Paris, Tex. Buried 
at St. John's Church, Maury County, Tenn. Profession, that 
of Journalist. He was married March 10, 1907 to Lottie 

RECORD No. 59— Col. Cadwallader Polk, son of Dr. 
Wm. J. and Mary Long Polk, b. Oct. 16, 1837, at Columbia, 
Tenn. Residence, Helena, Ark. He is a planter, and was 
married March 39, 1864 to Caroline Lowry. Issue: ^Wni. J.; 
-Annie T. ; ^Rufus Walter; '^Cadwallader Long; ^Nina (Cor- 
nelia) Lowry; ''Edwin Moore; 'Cleora Law^rence, b. Aug. 38, 
1S66, d. July 15, 1867. 

RECORD No. 130— Wm. J. Polk, son of Cadwallader 
P<ilk and Caroline Lowry Polk, b. Jan. 17, 1865 at Camden, 



of Arkansas, son of Dr. Wm. J. Polk. 




Ark. Commission Alerchant. Alarried Lulu Donnell. Issue: 
^George Donnell; 'Carry May; "Ellis Riven, b. Aug. 1, 1S9S, 
(1. June 6, 1!)IM). 

RECORD No. 136— George D. Polk, son of \\m. J. Polk 
and Lulu Donnell. b. Jan. "37, 1893, at Helena, Ark. 

RECORD No. 137— Carry May Polk, daughter of Wm. J. 
Polk and Lulu Donnell Polk, b. Nov. 19, 1899, at Helena, Ark. 
Married Xov. 19, 1890 to Christopher Agee. Issue: ^Watkins. 

RECORD No. 131— Annie T. Polk, daughter of Cadwalla- 
der Polk and Caroline Lowry Polk, b. Dec. 8, 1867, at Helena. 

RECORD No. 132— Rufus Walter Polk, son of Cadwalla- 
der Polk and Caroline Lowry Polk, b. Jan. 27, 1869, at Helena, 
Ark. Residence, Little Rock, Ark., real estate agent. Mar- 
ried in 1898 to Sue Louise Powell. Issue: ^Edward Winfield ; 
*Rufus Walter ; ^Caroline. 

RECORD No. 133— Cadwallader Long Polk, son of Cad- 
wallader Pdk and Caroline Lowry Polk, b. ISIay 12, 1870, at 
Helena, Ark., ^Merchant. Married in 1897 to Lucille Quarles. 
Issue: iGreenfield. b. April 12, 1898, d. Dec. 23, 1902; -'Cad- 
wallader; ^Lucille, b. June 21, 1906, d. June 1907. 

RECORD No. 134— Cornelia Lowry Polk, daughter of 
Cadwallader Polk and Caroline Lowry Polk, b. March 19, 187-1, 
at Helena, Ark. Married in 1903 to Wm. Coolridge. Issue: 
^William: -Elizabeth; ^Annie Agee. 

RECORD No. 135— Edwin Moore Polk, son of Cadwal- 
lader Polk and Caroline Lowry Polk, b. March 31, 1880, at 
Helena, Ark. Commission Merchant, unmarried. 

RECORD No. 60— Rufus J. Polk, son of Dr. A\'m. J. Polk 
and :\lary Long Polk, b. July 30, 1843, in Maury County, 
Tenn. Residence. Little Rock, Ark. Married Dec. 2, 1867 to 
Cynthia Martin. Issue: ^Lucius Eugene, b. Xov. 20, 1868; 
-Rufus Junius, b. April 4, 1873; nVm. Julius, b. March 12, 
1874; ^Charles Martin, b. June 28, 1878. (See Chapter 28 for 



RECORD No. 151— Charles \i. Polk, son of Rufus J. 
Polk and Cynthia Alartin, b. June -38. 1878, at Helena. Ark 
Residence, St. Louis, AIo. Profession, lawyer. ^Married Nov. 
6, 1906 to Nannie Lee. Issue: nVm. Lee, b. Sept. 11, 1907. 

RECORD No. 4— Gen'l Lucius J. Polk, son of AVm. Polk 
and Sarah Hawkins Polk, h. March U, 1802. at Raleigh, N. C. 
Sarah Hawkins Polk, b. March Ki, 1802, at Raleigh. N. C. 
Residence, Maury County. Tenn. Planter. Married 1st April 
10, 1832 to Mary Ann Eastin ; 2nd Sept. 15. 1853 to Mrs. Anne 
Pope. Issue: ^Sarah Rachael : -Mavy Lrown ; ^Emily Donel- 
son ; ^William : ^"^Eliza Eastin : •"'Frances Anne ; 'Susan Rebecca ; 
and ^George W. twins. Issue by second wife: ''Lucius Jun- 
ius ; ^"Ella Juliet. Lucius J. Polk. d. Oct. 3. 1870 and was l)ur- 
ied at St. John's Church, }*laury County, Tenn. First wife. 
Mary Eastin Polk, d. Aug. 1, 1847, buried at St. Johns Church, 
]\laurv County. Tenn. 

RECORD No. 152— Sarah Rachel Polk, daughter of 
Lucius J. l\)lk and ^lary Eastin Polk, b. Jan. 24. 1833, at 
Ilamiltim Place, Maury County. Tenn. Married at Hamil- 
ton Place. April 24. 1855 to Robin Ap C. Jones. Issue: ^Mary 
Polk Jones, b. at Hillsboro. N. C, Jan. 18. 185(3; -Rebecca Ed- 
wards, b. at Hamilton Place, Jan. 1(3, 1857; ^Robin Ap Robin, 
b. at Hamilton Place, Feb. 18, 1S59 ; -^Sarah Polk. b. at Hills- 
boro. N. C. Oct. 10. 1.SG0; -"'Lucy Cadwallader. b. at Hills- 
boro. N. C, Feb. 3, 18(32. Sarah Rachel Polk Jones died June 
12. 1!>05 and was buried at St. Johns Church, Maury County, 
Tenn. I ler husl)and died June 9, lS(i2 and was buried at Hills- 
boro. X. C. 

RECORD No. 163— .Mary Polk Jones, daughter of Robin 
Ap. C. Jones and Sarah Polk Jones, b. Jan. 18, 1856, at Hills- 
lM>ro, N. C. Residence, Nashville, Tenn. Married Jan. 18, 
1877 to Duncan P. Cooper. Issue: ^Sarah Polk; -William; 
■"Kobin Junes; "'Mary Polk; •'"'Duncan lirown. Alary Polk 
Jones (1. \)i.'c. 20. ps!):]. 

RECORD No. 168— Sarah Polk Cooper, daughter of Dun 
can I'.. Cooper and Mary Jones Cooper, b. June 5. 1878. at 
Mulbci'iy Mill, .Maui-\- Counlv. 'IVmiu. Residence. Nashville. 



Son of Dr. \Vm. f. Polk. 




Tenn. Married Nov. 8, 1899 to Lucius Burch. Issue: John 
Christopher Burch. b. July 21, 1900. in Nashville. Tenn. 

RECORD No. 169— \Vm. Cooper, son of Duncan B. 
Cooper and Mary Jones Cooper, b. Jan. -24, 1880, at Sprin>j 
Hill. ]\Iaury County. Tenn. Unmarried. 

RECORD No. 170— Robin Jones Cooper, son of Duncan 

B. Cooper and Mary Junes Cooper, b. Aug. 15, 1881, in Maurv 
County Tenn. Residence. Nashville. Tenn. Lawyer. ]\Iar- 
ried Dec. 15, 191ii to Eva Lee Smith, daughter of President 
Milton H. Smith of the L. & N. R. R. 

RECORD No. 171— Mary Polk Cooper, daughter of Dun- 
can B. Cooper and ^Nlary Jones Cooper, b. Nov. 18, 1884:, at 
East Nashville, Tenn. Residence, ^Mobile, Ala. Married 
Nov. 2, 1904 to Beverly Risque Wilson. Issue: Mary Polk 
Wilson, b. Aug. 21, 1905, Mobile. Ala. 

RECORD No. 172— Duncan B. Cooper, Jr.. son of Dun- 
can B. Cooper and ]\Iary Jones Cooper, b. Aug. 28, 188'<". at 
Nashville. Tenn. Married Nov. 28, 1909 to Dorothy Crowe. 

RECORD No. 164— Rebecca Edwards Jones, daughter 
of Robin Ap C. Jones and Sarah Polk Jones, b. Jan. 16. 1857, 
at Hamilton Place. Maury County, Tenn. Residence. New 
Orleans, La. 

RECORD No. 165— Robin Ap Robin Jones, son of Robin 
Ap C. Jones and Sarah Polk Jones, b. Feb. 18, 1859, at Hamil- 
ton Place, ^laury County. Tenn. Residence, Nashville, Tenn 

RECORD No. 166— Sarah Polk Jones, daughter of Robin 
Ap C. Jones and Sarah Polk Jones, b. Oct. 10, I860, at Hills- 
boro, N. C. Residence, Nashville, Tenn. Married June 27. 
1888 to J. C. Bradford. Issue: ^Thomas H. Bradford, b. Feb. 
28, 1890; -Sarah Polk Bradford, b. ^larch 5, 1891. m. Alfred 
Thos. Shaughnessy. Alontreal, Can., April 30, 1912. 

RECORD No. 167— Lucy C. Jones, daughter of Robin Ap 

C. Jones and Sarah Polk Jones, b. Feb. 3, 1862, at Millsboro. 
N. C. Residence. Mobile, Ala. Married Stanley 
Bell Herndon. Issue: ^Robin Cadwallader Jones, b. March 


13, 1889 ; -Virginia, b. Nov. 20, 1890 ; ^'Rebecca Jones, b. Jan. 
2, 1893; ^Lucy. b. April 4, 1899. Stanley Bell Herndon died 
Nov. 16, 1908. 

RECORD No. 153 — Mary Brown Polk, daughter of Lucius 
J. Polk and Mary Eastin Polk, b. March 25, 1835, at Hamil- 
ton Place, Maury County, Tenn. Married Sept. 2, 1858 to 
Henry C. Yeatman. Issue: ^Mary Eastin, b. May 25, 1861; 
^Henry C. b. March 2. 1866. d. Aug. 7, 1897; ^Russell H., b. 
April 25. 1869. d. April 26, 1893 ; '^Trezevant P., b. Oct. 13, 1871; 
•\Tenny Bell, b. March 3, 1875; «Lucia Polk, b. Aug. 7, 1877, 
d. May 2, 1908. Mary Brown Polk died March 27, 1890. Bur- 
ied at St. Johns Church, Maury County, Tenn. 

Col. Henry C. Yeatman was killed Aug. 1, 1910, by a 
railroad train near his home in Alaury County, Tenn. Buried 
in St. John's Churchyard. 

RECORD No. 181— Mary Eastin Yeatman. daughter of 
Henry C. Yeatman and jNIary Polk Yeatman, b. May 25, 1861, 
at Hamilton Place. Maury County, Tenn. Residence, near 
Knoxville, Tenn. Married Aug. 7, 1897 to Thos. S. Webb. 
No issue. 

RECORD No. 182— Henry C. Yeatman, Jr., son of Henry 
C. Yeatman and Mary Polk Yeatman, b. March 2, 1866, at 
Hamilton Place, Maury County, Tenn. Residence, Mexico. 
Occupation, Civil Engineer, d. Aug. 7, 1897. Buried at St. 
Johns Church, ]\laury County, Tenn. 

RECORD No. 183— Russell H. Yeatman, son of Henry 
C. Yeatman and Mary Polk Yeatman, b. April 25, 1869, at 
Hamilton Place, Maury County, Tenn., d. April 25, 1893. 

RECORD No. 184r-Trezevant P. Yeatman, son of Henry 
C. Yeatman and Mary Polk Yeatman, b. Oct. 13. 1871, at 
Hamilton Place. Residence same. Planter. 

RECORD No. 185— Jenny Bell Yeatman, daughter of 
Henry C. Yeatman and Mary Polk Yeatman, b. March 3, 1875, 
at Hamilton Place, Manry County, Tenn. 

RECORD No- 186— Lucia Polk Yeatman. daughter of 
Henry C. Yeatman and Mary Polk Yeatman, b. Aug. 7, 1877, 
at Hamilton Place. Maury County, Tenn., d. May 2, 1908. 



Wife of British Minister to United States. 




RECORD No. 154^Kmily D. Polk, daughter of Lucius 
J. Polk and Mary Eastin Polk, b. March 29, 1837. at Hamilton 
Place. Residence, Xashville, Tenn. Married Xov. 13, 1860 
to j. Minnick Williams. Issue: ^Henry Yeatman ; -J. Minnick 
unmarried, b. Feb. 8, 1S66 ; ^Lucius Polk, unmarried, b. Xov. 
186T; ■^Xannie M.. b. July 18T(). d. April !», 1890; ^Eliza Polk, 
b. April 18T2, d. July 3, lb91 ; ''Priscilla Shelby, b. Jan. 4. 18:8. 

RECORD No. 187— Henry Yeatman Williams, son of 
J. Minnick Williams and Emily Polk Williams, b. March 29, 
1863, at Hamilton Place. Residence, San Antonio. Tex. 
Traveling Passenger Agent of Santa Fe R. R. Married March 
8, 189-1 to Louise Pitcher. Xo issue. 

RECORD 192— Priscilla Shelby Williams, daughter of 
J. Minnick Williams and Emily Polk Williams, b. Jan. i, 
1878, at Ashwood, Tenn. Married March 7. 19iil to Geo. S. 
Briggs. Issue: George Shelby, b. ^larch 7. 191)2, Xorfolk. 

RECORD No. 155— William Polk, son of Lucius J. Polk 
and :\Iary Eastin Polk, b. Feb. 1, 1839, at Hamilton Place. 
Planter. Married Rebecca Maves. Xo issue. William d. 
April 5, 190.5. 

RECORD No. 156— Eliza E. Polk, daughter of Lucius 
J. Polk and ]\Iary Eastin Polk, b. April 15, 1841, at Hamilton 
place., d. July 3. 1897. 

RECORD No. 157— Frances Anne Polk, daughter of 
Lucius J. Polk and ,Mary Eastin Polk, b. Aug. 4, 1844, at 
Hamilton Place. Residence Indian Rock, Va. Married Xov. 
29, 1866 to Edward Dillon. Issue: Hames Royall ; -Edward; 
^Lucius Polk; ^John Cunningham; ^'Eliza Polk; "^Frances 
Polk : "Francis Cunningham. Frances Anne Polk, d. March 
26, 1912, at Lexington, Va. Her husband d. Aug. 11, 1887, 
at Lexington, \'a. 

RECORD No. 194 — James Royall Dillon, son of Edward 
Dillon and Frances Polk Dillon, b. Sept. 2, 1869, at Richmond, 
Va. Residence, Galveston. Tex. Supt. Houston Belt & Term- 
inal Ry. 


RECORD No. 195— Edward r3illon, son of Edward Dillon 
and Frances Polk Dillon, b. Oct. 10, ISTI. at Buchanan, Bote- 
tourt County, Va. Residence, Indian Rock, Va. Manufac- 
turer of lime. He married Oct. (!. 1896 to Susan S. Pendle- 
ton. Issue: ^Edward Dillon, b. July 26, 1898; ^Edmund 
Pendleton, b. April 27, 1900; -^Alary Unity, b. Nov. 12, 1902; 
^William Polk, b. May 13, 1905; '^Susan Strachan, b. Jan. 1, 

RECORD No. 196— Lucius Polk Dillon, son of Edward 
Dillon and Frances Polk Dillon, h. June 8, 1873, at Indian 
Rock, Va. Manufacturer. ^Married April 2."j, 1899 to 3>Iary 
Evelyn Morton. Issue: ^Lucius Polk Dillon, b. ^lay 26, 1909; 
^Charles Morton, b. Feb. 4, 1911 ; '^Francis Ann, b. Jan. 2, 1912. 

RECORD No. 197— John Cunningham Dillon, son of 

Edward Dillon and Frances Dillon, b. May 17, 1875, at Indian 
Rock, Va. Alanufacturer. Married Jan. 18, 1911 to Miss Mae 
AlcClurg Childress. 

RECORD No. 198— Eliza Polk Dillon, daughter of Ed 
ward Dillon and Frances Polk Dillon, b. July 30, 1878, at 
Indian Rock, Va. ^Married April 4, 1907 to Robert Scott 
Spillman. Issue: Frances Polk Spillman and Robert Sco'tt 
Spillman, twins, 1). Jan. 6, 1908; "''Edward Dillon, b. May 31, 

RECORD No. 199— Frances Polk Dillini. daughter of 
Edward Dillon and Frances I'olk Dillon, I). Jan. 25, 1880, at 
Indian Rock, Va. I'nmarried. 

RECORD No. 200 — Francis Cunningham, son of Edward 
Dillon and Frances Polk Dillon, b. Sept. 17, 1885, at Indian 
Rock. \a. 

RECORD No. 158— Susan Rebecca Polk, daughter of 
Lucius j. I'olk and .Mary Eastin Polk, b. July 7, 1847, at 
Hamilton Place. Residence, Spring Hill, Maury County. 
Tenn. Married Sept. 11. 1866 to Campbell Brown. Issue: 
M.ucius Polk; -Lich;ird I^well ; ^George Campbell; ''Percy; 
•■'Lizinka. Campbell Brown, d. Aug. ;!0, 1893. 



RECORD No. 207— Lucius Brown, son of Campbell 
Brown and Susan Polk Brown, b. Aug. 1, 1867, at Hamilton 
Place. Residence. Nashville, Tenn. He was twice married, 
1st Jan. 30, 1S95 to Jessie Roberts ; 2nd. Dec. 12, 1903 to Susan 
Massie. Issue: ^Campbell Huxley, b. Oct. 25, 1896; -Susan 
Massie Polk. b. Feb. 11, 1906; ^Lizinka Campbell, b. Sept. 2. 
1908; ^Lucia Cabell, b. Oct. 28, 1910. His first wife, Jessie 
Roberts, d. July 2, 1897. 

RECORD No. 208— Richard Ewell Brown, son of Camp- 
bell Brown and Susan Polk Brown, b. Jan. 12, 18T0, at Xash 
ville, Tenn. Residence. Xew York Citv. Physician. He 
married Sept. 10, 1901 to ]^Iarion Lee. Issue: ^^^larion Lee 
Brown, b. July 29, 1905. d. May H). 1906; ^Richard Ewell 
Brown, Jr., b. Feb. 10, 1908 ; "Marion Lee Brown, 2d. b. ]\Iarch 
19, 1911. 

RECORD No. 209— George Campbell Brown, son of 
Campbell Brown and Susan Polk Brown, b. Sept. 25, 1871, in 
IMaury County, Tenn. He d. Jan. 23. 1912. at Nashville, Tenn. 
in the 41st year of his age. He was a planter and unmarried. 

RECORD No. 210— Percy Brown, son of Campljell 
Brown and Susan Polk Brown, b. April 6, 1874, in ]\Iaury 
County, Tenn. Farmer. Married Aug. 6. 1907 to Gertrude 
Plunket. Issue: ^Jas. Plunkett Brown, b. No. 1, 1909; 
2Percy Brown, Jr., b. April 12. 1912. 

RECORD No. 211— Lizinka Brown, daughter of Camp 
bell Brown and Susan Polk Brown, b. April 6, 1874, in Maury 
County. Tenn. Died Aug. 28, 1899. 

RECORD No. 159— George \V. Polk, son of Lucius J 
Polk and Mary Eastin Polk. b. July 7, 1847, at Hamilton 
Place. Maury County, Tenn. Residence. San Antonio, Tex 
Civil Engineer, and formerly Assistant Land Commissioner, 
Southern Pacific Company. ^Married Oct. 29, 1885 to Jane 
Jackson. Issue: ^Kate Jackson, b. Jan. 13, 1887; d. Aug. 23. 
1888; ^George W.. b. ^lay 13, 1889; -^lane Jackson, b. Jan. 20, 
1893: -^Harrison lackson, b. ^lav 16. 1896. 


RECORD No. 160— Lucius J. Polk, son of Lucius J. Polk 
and Anne Irving Polk, b. Aug. 14, 1S54, at Hamilton Place, 
Tenn. Residence, in Texas. Railroad service. Married 
Nov. 28, 1878 to Daisey Cantrell. Issue: ^\rmour Cantrell, 
b. Sept. 13, 1879; -Anne Leroy, b. Dec. 16, ISSI; =^Lucius 
Junius, b. March 19, 1886 ; ^Margaret Wendell, b. Jan. 13, 1888; 
^Daisey Cantrell, b. July 29, 1890; "Ellen Harrell, b. March 
15, 1893. d. May 15, 1895. 

RECORD No. 219— Armour C. Polk, son of Lucius J. Polk 
and Daisey Cantrell Polk, b. Sept. 12, 1879, at Little Rock, 
Ark. Residence, New Orleans, La., and Mobile, Ala. Civil 
Engineer. Married Sept. 29, 1907 to Charlotte Payne. 

RECORD No. 220— Anne Leroy Polk, daughter of Lucius 
J. Polk and Daisey Cantrell Polk, b. Dec. 16, 1881, at Little 
Rock, Ark. Residence, Danville, Va. Married Oct. 10, 1903 
to Allen Cuculla. Issue: L\llen Polk, b. Aug. 1, 1904; -Anne 
Polk, Sept. 9. 1908. 

RECORD No. 161— Elvira Juliett Polk, daughter of 
Lucius J. Polk and Anne Irving Polk, b. Sept. 5, 1856, at 
Hamilton Place, Tenn. Residence, Nashville, Tenn. Mar- 
ried Jan. 13, 1881 to Horace Steven Cooper. Issue: Horace 
Polk Cooper, b. Jan. 2. 1887. 

RECORD No. 6— Leonidas Polk, son of \\'illiam Polk 
and Sarah Hawkins Polk, b. April 10. 1806. at Raleigh, N. C. 
Bishop of Louisiana. Lieut. General in the Confederate States 
Army. Married May 6. 1830 to Frances Devereux. Issue: 
^\Iex. Hamilton; -Frances Devereux; ^Katherine ; "^Sarah ; 
^Susan R. ; "Elizabeth; "Dr. W'm. Mecklenburg; ^Lucia. 
Leonidas Polk was killed at Pine ^lountain. Ga.. June 14, 1864. 
and was ent<)m1)e(l in Epicopal church at Augusta, Ga. His 
wife d. April K!, 1875. and was laid beside him. 

RECORD No. 229— Alex. Hamilton Polk, son of Leonidas 
Pdlk and Frances Devereux Polk, 1). Jan. 27. 1831, at Rich- 
mond. \'a. Residence. Mississippi and North Carolina. 
Planter. Married June 15, 1854 to Emily N. Beach. Issue: 
^\lex Hamilton, b. Nov. 23, 1855; ^Frank, b. March 17, 1858; 
^^George, b. Nov. 17. 18(;i ; ^Hamilton, b. Sept. 15, 1863; ^Leo- 

POLK FA M I L y A N D K I N S .1/ E N 




of Texas. 




nidas, b. Nov. 27, LsGo ; ''Ueach. b. Sept. 15, 1868. Alexander 
Hamilton Polk, d. Oct. 2. lsT2, at Hartford, Conn. His wife 
d. March 9. 1902, at same place and both were buried there. 

RECORD No. 238— Frank Polk, son of Alexander 
Hamilton Polk and Emily P.each Polk. b. Alarch 17, 18.58, at 
New Orleans. La. Residence, North Carolina and Baltimore, 
Md. Planter. He married Nov. 23, 1897 to Alargaret Calla- 
way. Issue: ^Emily Hamilton, b. Aug. 23, 1880; -Leonidas 
Charles, b. July 19, 1883, d. Dec. 30 ; ^Francis Devereux. b. 
Nov. 6, 1885; ^Magdalen Tasker. b. Feb. 25. 1887; -^Alex Flam- 
ilton, b. July 16, 1889. Magdalen Tasker d. July 19, 1887, at 
Asheville, N. C. Frank Polk, d. Sept. 25, 1891 and was buried 
in Louden Park. Baltimore, Md. 

RECORD No. 239— George B. Polk, son of Alex. H. 
Polk and Emily Beach Polk, b. Nov. 17, 1861, at Nashville, 
Tenn. Residence. Oxford, ]^Id. 

RECORD No. 241— Hamilton R. Polk, son of Alex H. 
Polk and Emily Beach Polk, b. Sept. 15, 1863, at Raleigh, 
N. C. Residence, North Carolina and Baltimore, Md. Drug- 
gist. He married May 4, 1896 to ^largaret Callaway Polk. 
No issue. He d. Nov. 9, 1906 and was buried at Louden 
Park, Baltimore, Md. 

RECORD No. 242— Leonidas Polk, son of Alex H. Polk 
and Emily Beach Polk, b. Nov. 27, 1865. at Hartford, Conn. 
Residence, Asheville, N. C. and Baltimore, Md. He married 
June 10, 1901 to Charlotte H. Zimmerman. Issue: ^Leon- 
tine Adele, b. ^larch 10, 1902 ; -Charlotte Patricia, b. Pan. 3, 

RECORD No. 243— Nichols Beach Polk, son of Alex H. 
Polk and Emily Beach Polk, b. Sept. 19, 1868, at Asheville. 
N. C. Residence, Asheville, Baltimore and New York. He 
is a bank clerk and unmarried. 

RECORD No. 230— Frances Polk, daughter of Gen'l 
Leonidas Polk and Frances Devereux Polk, b. Nov. 27, 1835, 
at Ashwood. Tenn. Residence New Orleans, La., and Ox 
ford. Miss. ^larried Nov. 27, 1866 to Peyton H. Skipwith. 


Issue : iRate, b. Sept. is, 1867 ; -Frank. Oct. 10, 1872. Frances 
d. March 15. 188-t. Her husband d. March 13, 1898. 

RECORD No. 251— Kate Skipwith, daughter of Peyton 
H. Skipwith and Frances Polk Skipwith. b. Sept. 18. 1867, at 
Sewanee. Tenn. Residence, Oxford, Miss. Unmarried. 

RECORD No. 252— Frank Skipwith, son of Peyton H. 
Skipwith and Frances Polk Skipwith. b. Oct. 10, 1872. at Ox- 
ford. Miss. Residence. Oxford. Cotton Iniyer. 

RECORD No. 231— Katherine Polk, daughter of Gen'I 
Leonidas Polk and Frances Devereux Polk, b. Aug. 16, 1838, at 
Ashwood, Tenn. Residence, Nashville, Tenn. Married Dec 
14, 1858 to Col. \Vm. D. Gale. Issue: ^Frances; -Wm. D. ; 
"Katharine; ^Leonidas; ^Josephine; *^Ethel. Col. Gale d. Jan. 
30, 1888 and was buried at Nashville, Tenn. 

RECORD No. 253— Frances Gale, son of Col. Wm. D. 
Gale and Katherine Polk Gale, b. April 1, i860, near Nashville. 
Residence, Nashville and New York. Married April 30, 1895 
to Frank W. Ring. No issue. Mr. Ring d. July 17, 1896 at 
Portland. Me. 

RECORD No. 254— A\'m. Dudley Gale, son of Col. Wm. 
D. Gale and Katherine Polk Gale, b. April 22, 1861, at Yazoo 
River, Miss. Residence, Nashville, Tenn. Insurance. Mar- 
ried Jan. 18, 1894 to Meta Orr Jackson. Issue: ^William Dud- 
ley, b. Feb. 1, 1897 : -George Jackson, b. Sept. 3, 1902. 

RECORD No. 255— Katherine Gale, daughter of Col. Wm. 
D. Gale and Katherine Polk Gale, b. Aug. 29, 1862, near Jack- 
son, Aliss. Residence. Nashville, Tenn. Never married. yShe 
d. November 24, 1889. at Nashville, Tenn. 

RECORD No. 256— Leonidas P. Gale, son of Col. Wm. D. 
Gale and Katherine P. Gale, h. May 10, 1864, at Asheville. 
N. C. Residence, Nashville, Tenn. Unmarried and d. Sept. 
Ki, 1890. 

RECORD No. 257— Josephine Gale, daughter of Col. Wm 
D. (iaie and Katherine Polk Gale, b. Jan. 22. 1867, at Nash- 
ville, Tenn. He was unmarried and d. Nov. 13, 1876, at Nash- 
ville, Tenn. 



■tigm- > - -^-^ 

San Antonio, Tex. , -j, 



THE NEV/ 1. 



RECORD No. 258— Ethel Gale, daughter of Col. \\m. D. 
Gale and Katherine P. Gale, b. Xov. 19, 1869, at Nashville. 
Tenn. Unmarried and d. June 13, 1870. 

RECORD No. 232— Sallie H. Polk, daughter of Gen'l Leo 
nidas i*ulk and Fanny Devereux Polk, b. . [Mar- 
ried Frank IJlake. Une child, Frank. Residence, Xew Or- 
leans. La. 

RECORD No. 233— Susan R. Polk, daughter of Gen'l 
Leonidas I'olk and Frances Devereux Polk, b. April 16, 1842, 
at Raleigh, N. C. Residence, Xew Orleans. La. [Married 
June 21, 1870 to Dr. Joseph Jones. Issue: ^Hamilton; -Fanny; 
•"Laura. Dr. Jones d. Feb. 16, 1896, at Xew Orleans, La. 

RECORD No. 262— Hamilton Jones, son of Dr. Joseph 
Jones and Susan Polk Jones, b. Oct. 26, 1872, at Xew Orleans. 
La., is a physician. He was married June 2-5, 1901 to Caroline 
E. Merrick. Issue: ^Joseph Merrick Jones, b. Aug. 31. 1903. 

RECORD No. 263— Fanny Jones, daughter of Dr. Joseph 
Jones and Susan Polk Jones, b. [May 8, 1871, at Xew Orleans. 

RECORD No. 264— Laura M. Jones, daughter of Dr 
Joseph Jones and Susan Polk Jones, b. Aug. 26, 1876, at Xew 
Orleans. La. L'nmarried. 

RECORD No. 234— Elizabeth D. Polk, daughter of Gen'l 
Leonidas Polk and Frances Devereux Polk. b. June 29, 1843, 
at Ashwood, Tenn. Residence, Xew Orleans, La. She was 
married April 27. 1864 to A\'. E. Huger. Issue: ^Frances; 
-Lucia ; •"'Emily : "^John : "'Arthur ; ''William ; ' Leonide, b. July 
3, 186.5, d. Aug. 11. 1866. Mr. Huger d. July 3, 1901, at Xew 
Orleans. Birth dates of first six children not given. 

RECORD No. 266— Frances Huger, son of A\'. E. Huger 
and Elizebeth Polk Huger, b. ^larch 24, 1867, at Xew Or- 
leans. La. ^larried Jan. 10. 1895 to H. Laboiusse. Issue: 
nVilliam, b. March 22, 1896; -John W'.. b. Xov. 24, 1899; 
^Henrv Richardson, b. Feb. 11, 1904. 


RECORD No. 267— John Middleton Huger, son of W. E 
Huger and Elizabeth Polk Huger, b. May 1, 1868, at New Or- 
leans, La. Cotton broker. JMarried Dec. 18, 1900 to Louise 
Woeste. Issue: ^Louise Polk, b. March 3, 1903; -John Mid- 
dleton, b. March 2, 1907. 

RECORD No. 268— Lucia Polk Huger. daughter of W. E. 
Huger and Elizal)eth Polk Hug-er. b. October 29, 1870, at 
Xew Orleans, La. Residence, New York, N. Y. Married 
Jan. 31, 1894 to Joseph Hardie. Lssue : ^Joseph, b. Oct. 23, 
1900 ; -William Huger, b. Sept. 26, 1904. 

RECORD No. 269— Emily H. Huger, daughter of W. E. 
Huger and Elizabeth Polk Huger. b. Jan. 11, 1876, at New 
Orleans, La. Art teacher. 

RECORD No. 270— Arthur Middleton Huger, son of 
W. E. Huger and Elizabeth Polk Huger. b. Aug. 26, 1878, at 
New Orleans, La. Cotton buyer. Married April 24, 1903 to 
Lillie Charbonnet. Issue: ^Killian L., b. Aug. 3, 1904. 

RECORD No. 271— William Elliott Huger, son of W. E. 
Huger and Elizabeth Polk Huger, b. Oct. 22, 1882, at New 
Orleans, La. Residence, New Orleans, La. Insurance busi- 

RECORD No. 235— Dr. Wm. Mecklenburg Polk, son of 
Gen'l Leonidas Polk and Frances Devereux Polk, b. Aug. 1.5, 
1844, at Ashwood, near Columbia, Tenn. Residence. New York 
City. Physician. He was married Nov. 14, 1866 to Ida Lyon. 
Issue: ^Leonidas, b. Feb. 24. 1868, d. April 29, 1877; -Frank 
Lyon, b. Sept. 24, 1869; ^John Metcalf. b. May 6. 1875. d. 
March 29, 1904; -^Serena Devereux, b. Alarch 19, 1877, d. May 
8, 1878. 

RECORD No. 280— Capt. Frank Lyon Polk, son of Dr. 
William Mecklenburg Polk and Ida Lyon Polk. b. Sept. 24, 
1869. in New York. Residence, 129 East 36th St. New York 
City. He was married Feb. 28, 1908 to ^'S:!^ Elizabeth Stm--/l/ss 
gis Potter. Issue: \Iolin Metcalf, I). Nov. 18, 1908; ^Eliza- 
lictli Sturgis, b. July 31, 191U; -Frank Lyun, b. Nov. 3. 1911. 



of New York. 

iSTi5R, LENdX A 


RECORD No. 236— Lucia Polk, daughter of Gen'l Leo- 
iiidas Polk and Frances Devereaux Polk, b. Oct. 22, 184S, at 
Leighton Plantation, La. Residence Xew Orleans, La., and 
Philadelphia, Pa. She married Jan. 8, 1870 to Edward Chap- 
man. The latter d. :\Lirch 19, 1883, at Xew Orleans, La. 

RECORD No. 7— ^lary B. Polk, daughter of William 
Polk and Sarah Hawkins Polk, b. May 28, 1808, at Raleigh, 
N. C. Married ]\Iarch 9, 182G to Hon. George E. Badger. 
Issue: iKatherine ^L; -'Sally Polk. Mary B., d. March 1, 
1835. at Raleigh, and her husband on ^lay 11, 186(3, at the same 

RECORD No. 284— Katherine AL Badger, daughter of 
Hon. George E. Badger and Mary Polk Badger, b. Aug. 9, 
1827, at Raileigh, X. C. ^larried Alay 6, 18i(3 to Wm. Haigh. 
Issue: ^Geo. PL, b. Mar. 24, 1847, d. June 1, 1886; ^Sallie, b. 
Aug. 9, 1849, d. May 31, 1905 ; ^^lary Polk, b. June 24, 1852, 
d. June 14. I860. Katherine, d. July 4, 1905, at Fayetteville, 
X. C., and her husband in June, 1870. Both buried at Fayette- 
ville, X. C. 

RECORD No. 286— Geo. B. Haigh, son of Wm. Haigh 
and Katherine Badger Haigh, b. March 24, 1847, at Raleigh 
X. C. He was married June 20, 1882 to Dora Williamson. 
Issue: ^Kate ^lallon. b. Oct. 9, 1883; ^George B., b. June 1, 
1886, at Graham, X. C. 

RECORD No. 289— Kate Mallon Haigh, daughter of 
George B. Haigh and Dora Williamson Haigh, b. Oct. 9, 1883. 
at Burlington, X. C. Residence. Reidsville. X. C. Alarried 
June 21, 1905 to John Xewton Walt. Issue: ^John Xewton 
Walt. Jr.. b. Oct. 3, 1906. 

RECORD No. 287— Sally Haigh, daughter of William 
Haigh and Katherine Badger Haigh. b. Aug. 9, 1849, at Fay- 
etteville, X. C. Married Jan. 25, 1866 to Jos. B. Underwood, 
Issue: nVilliam Haigh, b. Xov. 23, 1866, d. July 16, 1870; 
2John, b. Feb. 5, 1868 ; ^Joseph Boykin, b. July 9, 1870 ; ^George 
Badger, b. May 4, 1872 ; ^Kate Haigh, b. Sept. 16, 1874; ^Mary 
Polk. b. Xov. 7, 1876, d. March 1, 1892 ; "^Ellen Hale, b. Marcn 
23, 1879; ^Elizabeth Hinsdale, b. Sept. 20, 18S1 ; « Devereux 


Haigh, b. Feb. 2, 1SS9, d. Oct. 1. 18s!); ^'Hamilton Polk, b. Jan 
18, 1891. Sally Haigh d. May 31, 1905, at Fayetteville. X. C, 
and J\Ir. Haigh on Jan. 6, 19nT. 

RECORD No. 292— J.ihn Underwood, .'-on of Jos. Boykin 
Underwood and Sally Haigh Underwood, b. Feb. 5, 1808, at 
Fayetteville, X. C. Real estate and insurance lousiness. He 
was married Jan. 26, 1898 to Annie Mijntgomery Kyle. Issue: 
ijohn Williamson, b. July 30, 1S99; -'Laura Kyle, b. Oct. 25, 
1902; ^^William Emmett. b. Jan. 23, 1905. 

RECORD No. 293— Joseph Doykin Underwood, son of 
J. B. Underwood and Sallie Haigh Underwood b. July 9, 1870, 
at Wilmington, X\ C. Residence, Fayetteville, X\ C. Com- 
mission merchant and broker. Married April 3(), 1875 to 
X^elly McGill Pemberton. Issue: \Ianie ]\IcRae, 1). ]\Iay 21, 
1896; -Sally Haigh. b. Oct. 30, 1899; -Xellie Pemberton, b. 
April 10, 1891. 

RECORD No. 294— Geo. Badger Underwood, son of 
Joseph B. Underwood and Sally Haigh Underwood, b. May 
4, 1872, in Sampson County, X. C. Residence, Fayetteville. 
X^. C. In railroad service. 

RECORD No. 295— Kate Haigh Underwood, daughter of 
Joseph B. Underwood and Sally Haigh Underwood, b. Sept. 
16, 1871, at Fayetteville, X. C. Residence, Tarboro and Fay- 
etteville, X. C. ^larried Dec. 26, 19oo to James A. ]Moore. 
Issue: \Iames H., b. Dec. 1, 1901; -Joseph Underwood, b. Jan. 
18, 1901. 

RECORD No. 288— ^lary Polk Haigh, daughter of 
William Haigh and Katherine Badger Haigh, b. June 21, 1852. 
at Fayetteville, X. C, d. June 11, 1S60. 

RECORD No. 297— Ellen Hale Underwood, daughter of 
Joseph Boykin Underwood and Sally Haigh Underwood, b. 
March 23, 1879, at Fayetteville, X. C. Married Dec. 30, 1903 
to Dr. Da\id C. McKethan. Xo issue. 

RECORD No. 298— Elizabeth Hinsdale Underwood, 
daughter of Joseph P.. Underwood and Sally Haigh Under- 
wood, 1). Sci)t, 20, issi. at Fayetteville, X. C. Married Oct. 



of New York. 





28, 1903 to Henry ^I. Pemberton. Issue: ^Henry Marshall, 
b. Dec. U. 1!)04; -Jos. Boykin Pemberton, b. May 22, 1908. 

RECORD No. 285— Sally Pulk Badger, daughter of Hon. 
Geo. E. Badger and Mary Polk Badger, b. May 28, 1833, at 
Raleigh X. C. Married Sept. 25, 1851: to ^^lontford McGehee. 
Issue: ^Thomas; ^George Badger; "William Polk; ^Lucius 
Polk. Sally d. Dec. 19. 1903, at Raleigh, X. C. Her husband 
d. March 31, 1895, at Raleigh, X. C. 

RECORD No. 311— Thomas ^IcGehee, son of ^lontf^.rd 
McGehee and Sally Badger McGehee, b. June 9, 1857, at ]vlil- 
ton, Caswell County. X'. C. Residence, Davidson College, 
X. C, where he graduated in 18T6. Was cashier of the ]\Iis- 
sissippi Valley Bank, Vicksburg, ]^Iiss., and afterwards went 
into railroading. He d. Xdv. 12, 1886. in Xew York Citv and 
was buried at Oakwood Cemetery. Raleigh, X. C. 

RECORD No. 312— George Badger .McGehee. son of 
Muntford IVIcGehee and Sally Badger AIcGehee, b. March 8, 
1.S61, at ]\Iilton. Caswell County, X. C. Residence. Fletchei . 
Henderson County, X. C. near Asheville. Farmer. He was 
married Fel). 12. 1892 to Eliza M. Skinner. Issue: ^\nnie 
Ludlow, b. Feb. 6. 1893; -^lary Polk. b. July 3, 1894; ^George 
Badger, b. Aug. 3, 1904. 

RECORD No. 313— Wm. Polk McGehee, son of Mont- 
ford McGehee and Sally Badger ^IcGehee, b. July 14, 1865, at 
Alilton, Caswell County. X. C. Residence. University of X. C. 
and Davidson College, X. C. Present residence. Denver. Col. 
Traveling salesman in drugs. ^Married Dec. 3, 1903, at Kan- 
sas City, Mo., to Elizabeth DeVeaux Wilson. 

RECORD No. 314— Lucius Polk ^IcGehee. son of :\Iont- 
ford McGehee and Sally Badger ^IcGehee. b. May 14. 1868. at 
W^oodburn. Person County, X. C. Residence. Capel Hill. 
X. C. Profession, lawyer. Professor of Law in University 
of X. C. Married Jan. 28, 1903, at Digby, Xova Scotia to 
Julia Leslie Covert, b. July 6, 1876. His wife d. Aug. 24, 1903, 
at Xorthport. X. Y., and was buried in Oakwood Cemetery, 
Raleigh. X. C. 

300 r L K F A M I L Y AND KIN S M E N 

RECORD No. 10— Rufus King Polk, son of William Polk 
and Sarah Hawkins Polk, b. May 15, 1S14, at Raleigh. N. C. 
Residence, Alaury County, Tenn. Planter. ^Married Sept. 
2. 1840 to Sarah Jackson. Issue: ^Sally Moore. Rufus, d. 
Feb. 25, 18-1:3, and was buried at St. Johns Church, Maury 
County, Tenn. His wife d. July 11, 1888, and was buried be- 
side him. 

RECORD No. 318— Sally Moore Polk, daughter of Rufus 
King Polk and Sarah Jackson Polk, b. Sept. 1, 1841, at Fork of 
Cypress, Ala. Residence, Westbrook, Tenn. She was mar- 
ried Aug. 19, 1863 to her kinsman, Gen'l Lucius E. Polk, C. S. 
A. Issue : ^Rufus King, b. Aug. 23, 18()6 ; -Mary Rebecca, b. 
May 20, 1868; ^Lucius Eugene, b. March 22, 18T0; nVilliam 
Junius, b. June 13, 1875 ; '^James Knox, b. Jan. 14, 1882. Gen'l 
Lucius E. Polk, d. Dec. 1, 1892, and was buried at St. John's 
Church, Maury County, Tenn. 

RECORD No. 319— Jas. Hilliard I'olk, son of Geo. W. 
Polk, and Sally H. Polk, b. Jan. 8, 1842, in Maury County, 
Tenn. Residence, Ft. Worth, Texas. He was married Nov. 
24, 1885 to Mary Demoville Harding. Issue: ^Lt. Harding 
Polk, 8th LI. S. Cav., b. in Maury County, Tenn., March 16, 
1887; -George W. Polk, b. Nov. 18, 1888. 

RECORD No. 11— George W. Polk, son of \Vm. Polk and 
Sarah Hawkins Polk, b. July 12, l,sl7, at Raleigh, N. C. Resi- 
dence, Maury County, Tenn. Planter. Married Nov. 24, 
1S4(I to Sally L. Plilliard. Issue: ^James Hilliard; -Rufus 
King; '^Sally H. ; ^Mary Murfree; •'^George B. M.; «Susan S. : 
^Lucius Junius; ^Isaac Hilliard; '^Leonidas Polk; ^^William 
H. ; i^Carolina. Geo. W. Polk, d. Jan. 8, 1892 and was buried 
at St. John's Church, Maury County, His wife d. July 2, 1894 

RECORD No. 320— Rufus K. Polk, son of George W. 
Polk and Sally Hilliard Polk, b. Oct. 31, 1843, in Maury Coun- 
ty, Tenn. Married April 28, 1881 to Margaret Philips. Issue: 
^Mary Elizabeth Polk, b. July 30, 1883, in Davidson County, 
Tenn. Rufus K., d. Aug. 27, 1902 and was buried at St. John's 


S .1/ £ N 





RECORD No. 321— Sally H. Polk, daughter of George W. 
Polk and Sally Hilliard Polk, b. June 18, 1845, in ^laury Coun- 
ty, Tenn. 

RECORD No. 322— Mary ^lurfree Polk, daughter of 
George \V. Polk and Sally Hilliard Polk, b. June 25, 1847. in 
Maury County. Tenn. Residence, Berkeley, Cal. ^Married 
Nov. 29, 1870 to Julius J. DuBose. Issue: ^Juliet B., b. Xov. 
29, 1871, d. in infancy ; ^Tasker Polk, b. Jan. 4, 1873 ; ^Mary 
Hilliard. b. Dec. 26, 1875; "^Alfred Bishop, b. Sept. 30, 1877; 
^'•Jessie Mclver, b. Xov. 24. 1S79 ; ^^George W. Polk. b. July 4, 
1881; '''Sarah Camilla, b. June 17, 1883; ^Julius Jesse, b. Aug. 
18, 1889; ''Juliet Brevard, b. Xov. 29, 1871. ^lary ^lurfree 
Polk was buried at St. John's Church. 

RECORD No. 326— Isaac Hilliard Polk, son of Geo. W. 
Polk and Sally L. Polk, b. Aug. 8, 1854, in ]\Iaury County, 
Tenn. Residence, Los Angeles, Cal. Isaac was twice mar- 
red. First, on April 13, 1889 to Ella ^lartha Cook; Second, 
on April 19, 1897 to ]\Iinerva J. Bradbury. By the first he had 
issue : ^Sally Hilliard, b. Feb. 24, 1801. By the second, ^Isaac 
Hilliard, b. April 6, 189.^; -Lewis Bradbury, b. July 30, 1899. 

RECORD No. 330— Harding Polk, son of Jas. H. Polk 
and Mary Harding Polk, b. March 16, 1887. in Maury County. 
Tenn. Lieutenant 8th Cavalry, U. S. Army. He was married 
Dec. 29. 1910 to Marie Esther Fleming, of Burlington, Iowa. 
Issue: Mames Hilliard, b. Dec. 13, 1911. at ^lanilla, P. I. 

RECORD No. 334— Tasker P. DuBose, son of Julius J. 
DuBose and ^^lary Polk DuBose, b. Jan. 4, 1873, in Maury 
County, Tenn. Residence. California. Married July, 1905 to 
Carrey \"an Horn Culbert. 

RECORD No. 336— Alfred B. C. DuBose, son of Julius 
J. DuBose and Mary Polk DuBose, b. Sept. 30, 1878, at Mem- 
iiis. Tenn. Alfred Bishop Cassells DuBose d. April 23, 1892, 
and was buried in Elmwood Cemetery. ^Memphis. Tenn. 

RECORD No. 336— Sarah C. DuBose, daughter of Julius 
J. DuBose and Mary Polk DuBose, b. June 17, 1883, at Mem- 
phis, Tenn. Residence. Los Angeles. Profession, lawyer 
She was married Dec. 22, 1903 to George Trowbridge Hockley 



RECORD No. 323— Geo. B. M. Polk, son of Geo. W. Polk 
and Sally Hilliard Polk, b. Dec. 15, 1848, in Maury County, 
Tenn.. d. March 25, 1877. 

RECORD No. 324— Susan Spratt Polk, daughter of Geo. 
W. Polk and Sally L. Hilliard, b. June 23, 1851, in Maury Coun- 
ty, Tenn. Residence, St. Louis, Mo. She was married March 
•;, 1877 to Jas. Yeatman Player. Issue : ^Susan Polk, b. Oct. 
25, 1878, d. July 24, 1879; ^George Polk, b. Jan. 21, 1880; ^Jas. 
Yeatman, b. March 30, 1882 ; ^Susan Trezevant. b. Aug. 8, 1884; 
^Thomson Trezevant, b. Sept. 7, 1880; «Sally Hilliard, b. 
March 28, 1889. 

RECORD No. 342— Geo. Polk Player, son of Jas. Yeat- 
man Player and Susan Polk Player, b. Jan. 21, 1880, at St. 
Louis, Mo. Residence, St. Louis. Pie was married June 17, 
1902 to Eva Frank Lumnen. Issue: ^Geo. Polk, b. July 11, 

RECORD No. 343— Jas. Yeatman Player, son of Jas. 
Yeatman Player and Susan Polk Player, b. March 30, 1882, at 
St. Louis, Mo. Residence, San Antonio, Tex. He was mar- 
ried Nov. 1, 1911 to Lucile X. Harris. 

RECORD No. 344— Susan Trezevant Player, daughter of 
Jas. Yeatman Player and Susan Polk Player, b. Aug. 8, 1884, 
at St. Louis, Mo. Married Jan. 12, 1007 to Wm. Preston 

RECORD No. 325— Lucius Junius Polk, son of George 
W. Polk and Sally Hilliard Polk, b. April 21, 1853, in Maury 
County, Tenn. Residence, Ft. Worth, Tex. 

RECORD No. 328— Wm. H. Polk, son of George W. Polk 
and Sally L. Polk, b. Jan. 27, 1859, in Maury County, Tenn. 
Residence, California. Married Mable Vanderbogart. Issue: 
^Anna Leah. Wm. H. Polk d. March 20, 1896 and was buried 
at Riverside. Cal. 

RECORD No. 329— Carolina Polk, daughter of George W- 
Polk and Sallie Hilliard Polk, 1). June 26, 1861, in Maury Coun- 
t\-, Tenn. Residence, Asheville, N. C. Caroline was twice 
married, first to Isaac Hilliard; second, to Joseph H. Horton. 
Xo issue. 

t- O LK FA M I L V A X D K I N S M E A' 


Daughter of Col. Wm. Polk, of North Carolina. 




RECORD No. 13— Susan Spratt Polk, daughter of Col. 
W'm. Polk and Sarah Hawkins Polk, b. May 25, 1832, d. July 
10, 1909, at San Antonio, and was buried at Fort Worth, Texas. 
She was b. at Raleigh, N. C. Residence, Raleigh, N. C, Wash- 
ington, D. C. and in Texas for some time before her death. She 
was married July 12, 1S42 to Hon. Kenneth Rayner. Issue: 
^Sally Polk; -Henry A.; '^Kenneth; -^Fanny ; -^Susan Polk; 
^'William Polk; "Hamilton Polk Raynor. 

RECORD No. 351— Sallie Polk Raynor, daughter of Hon. 
Kenneth Raynor and Susan Polk Raynor, b. March 30, 1845, 
at Raleigh, N. C. Residence, Fort Worth, Tex. Married 
Nov. 13, 1867 to Jos. H. Hyman. Issue : ^Susan Polk ; -Harry ; 
^Mary Raynor; ^Sally Josephine Kenneth Raynor; '^Joseph H. 
Sally Polk Raynor d. Feb. 10, 1905. Joseph H. Hyman d. 
Feb. 6, 1901. 

RECORD No. 358— Susan P. Hyman, daughter of Jos. 
Hyman and Sally Raynor Hyman, b. Aug. 19, 1868, at Mem- 
phis, Tenn. Residence, Fort Worth. Tex. Married Dec. 3, 
1902 to A. L. Matlock. No issue. 

RECORD No. 359— Harry Hyman, son of Jos. Hyman 
and Sally Raynor Hyman, b. Jan. 2, 1872, at Forest Home, 
Miss. Residence, Was'hington, D. C. He is a lawyer and was 
married ]\Iarch 22, 1906 to ]\Iinna Scott. No issue. 

RECORD No. 360— :\Iary Hyman, daughter of Jos. Hy- 
man and Sally Raynor Hyman, b. May 30, 1875, at Stephen- 
ville, Texas. Residence, Stephenville. Married Nov. 30, 189S 
to Silas Lee King. Issue: ^Kenneth Raynor, b. Aug. 19, 1902; 
^Sallie Raynor; -"Avery Lenoir Matlock, b. Jan. 2-1, 1909. 

RECORD No. 361— Sally J. Hyman. daughter of Jos. 
Hyman and Sally Raynor Hyman, 1). Feb. 2. 1878, at Stephen- 
ville, Texas. 

RECORD No. 362— Kenneth R. Hyman, son of Jos. Hy- 
man and Sally Raynor Hyman, b. Dec. 5, 1881, at Stephen- 
ville, Texas. Grocery merchant. Married April 29, 1908 to 
Melitona Benavides. Issue: ^Kenneth Raynor Hyman, Jr., 
b. Oct. 14, 1909. 


RECORD No. 363— Joseph Hyman, son of Joseph Hyman 
and Sally Raynor Hyman. h. March 19, 1S83, at Stephenx'ille, 
Tex. Stenographer and bookkeeper. 

RECORD No. 353— Kenneth Raynor, son of Hon. Ken- 
neth Raynor and Susan P(jlk Raynor, b. August 1, 1847, at 
Raleigh, N. C. Married Dec. Ki, IST.s to Eugenia Leach. They 
have one child, Mary Leach. 

RECORD No. 355— Su>an L. Raynor. daughter of Hon. 
Kenneth Raynor and v^usan Pidk Raynor, b. .March 'KS, 1855, 
at Raleigh. X. C. Married twice, first. Aindl -^8. 18S1 to Dr. 
Arthur Glennan ; second, to Mr. McMillan. Issue: ^Arthur 
\V. ; "Susie Polk; -'Kenneth Raynor; '*Pansy. 

RECORD No. 356— \\m. P. Raynor, son of Hon. Ken- 
neth Raynor and Susan Polk Raynor, b. Dec. 10, 1857, at 
Raleigh, N. C. Residence. El Paso, Tex. Married Jan. 30, 
1879 to Lula Ragsdale. 

RECORD No. 357— Hamilton P. Raynor, son of Hon. 
Kenneth Raynor and Susan Polk Raynor, b. at Raleigh, N. C. 
He married first, Eliza Xelms ; second, Anna W. Armand. 
Issue: by first marriage. Kenneth. 

RECORD No. 14— Col. Andrew J. Polk, son of William 
Polk and Sarah Llawkins Polk, b. August 10. 18-^4. at Raleigh, 
N. C. Residence, Ashwood, Tenn. He was an extensive 
planter and was married January 14, 1846 to Rebecca Van- 
Leer. Issue: L\ntionette ; -VanLeer; ^Rebecca. Col. An- 
drew J. Polk, d. March 10. 1SG7, at La Tour de Peilz. Canton de 
Vaud, Switzerland. His wife d. at Cannes, France. They 
were buried at LaTour de Peilz. Canton de Vaud, Switzerland. 
The eldest child, Antionette. married in Paris, France (Dec. 12, 
1877) at the Papal Xuncio, Baron de Charette (later Marquis). 
Commander of a division in the French Army. Also of the 
Papal troops of Rome when the Italian armv took the citv. 

RECORD No. 373— Anti^'nette Polk, daughter of Col. 
Andrew J. Polk and Rebecca VanLeer Polk. b. Oct. 27, 1847. 
at Nashville, Tenn. Residence, France. She married Dec. 
12, 1877 to General I'.aron Athanase de Charette de la Coiatrie. 
Issue: LA^ntknie de Charette de la ConTtrie. 




Cote d'Enjeraudc 

I <■ Ch.'.lr.ii ,)..■ I . - : 5 <)- I - 


'^t I 


Near Paris, France. 



RECORD No. 374— \'an Leer Polk, son of Col. Andrew 
J. Polk and Rebecca \*an Leer Polk, b. July 9, 185U, at Ash- 
wood, r^Iaury County, Tenn. Attorney and journalist. He 
marred Dorothy Bodine. Xo issue. 

RECORD No. 375— Rebecca Polk, daughter of Col. An- 
drew J. Polk and Rebecca \'anLeer Polk. b. Aug. 26, 18.38, at 
Nashville, Tenn. Residence in .France. 

RECORD No. 376— Antfsne de Charette de la Cot\trie 
son of Gen'l Baron Athanase de Charette de la Cot^trie, !\Iar- 
quis de Charette, was b. at Xantes. France. Sept. 3, 1832, d. at 
La Basee ]vIotte Chateau Xeuf, Ille Et \'ilaine. France, Oct. 
10, 1911. Antt'SJie de Charette de la Cota,trie 2nd. married 
Nov. 11, 1909 to Miss Susanne Henning, of Louisville, Ky. 

3 1? P O L K F A M I L Y A N D K I N S M E N 



Capt. John Polk, third son of William I'olk and Margaret 
Taylor Polk, was Ijorn somewhere close to l?-i(», as he was 
several years older than his brother Ezekiel. who was born in 
1T4T. In the spring of 1765, John Polk was residing on the 
\ ast Selwyn land grant in Mecklenburg county, and was the 
author of a petitii»n to the Governur and Coinicil complaining 
of the oppressive conduct of Henry Eustace McCulloh, Sel- 
wyn's Chief Agent. 

On "June ye 7th, A. D. 1766," we find John Polk enrolled 
in the Clear Creek Company of Mecklenburg Colonial Militia, 
Captain Adam Alexander commanding, C^harles Polk (John's 
elder brother), being First Lieutenant. ISy acts of the General 
Assembly, John Polk was a member of commissions charged 
with the duty of laying out roads ccninecting the western 
counties with the towns of Wilmington and Brunswick, the 
latter being the capital of the province. These commissions 
were created by acts of the General Assembly of the Province 
in 17G6, 1771 and 177;!. In 1778, while the Revoluti(jnary War 
was in progress, the name of John Polk appears as one of the 
militia officers (rank not given) serving in Colonel Francis 
Locke's regiment from Rowan county, that county then ad- 
joining Mecklenburg, 

These facts are taken from: Colonial Records of North 
Carolina, Vol. VII, pp. G, 11, 12, i:]. :U and 3-5; the State Re- 
cords of Xorth Carolina, Vol. XIII, pp. 389 and 390 ; Ibid., Vol. 
XXn. ])p. 39.-); Vol. XXIII, pp. 75-4, 870. 90S and 920. 


Taylor I'ulk, son of John Polk and Eleanor Polk, married 
Jency Walker, daughter of Alexander Walker, descended from 
John Walker and Catherine Rutherford, his wife, of the "Creek 


Xation"' of Walkers, who came from Wigton, Scotland, and 
settled in Rockbridge County, \'irginia. in 1T41. Taylor Polk 
and Jency had seven children: ^Benjamin; -Taylor; ^James; 
^Cumberland ; 'William Walker ; ''Alfred ; 'Jency ; *^\\'arnell. 

Benjamin, eldest child of Taylor Polk and Jency his wife, 
married Peggy Boatright, and had issue: ^Jency ; -Benjamin; 
•\Iames ; '^Charles ; -nVilliam ; ''Richard : 'Priscilla. All died 
in childhood and the Benjamin Polk line became extinct. 

Taylor Polk, second son of Taylor Polk and Jencv his 
wife, married Prudence Anderson. Issue : ^Anderson ; -Elea- 
nor; '^Cumberland; '^Sarah Delaney ; '^Mitchell; ''Sylvester 
\\'alker; 'Henry Clay; ^Taylor; '^Prudence; ^'Wlfred. 

Anderson Polk, eldest son of Taylor Polk '^nd and Pru- 
dence, married, first, Eliza Epperson, and had issue: ^Henry, 
married Ellen Deathrow ; -Sarah, married John Huddleston; 
"Jane, married Thomas Huddleston ; ^Sylvester, married Sarah 
Intz. Anderson Polk, married second Alartha Martin, and 
had issue: ''Texanna, married Thomas Williamson; ''Alatilda, 
married James Joplin ; "Thomas, married Annie ^^latlock; 
^Prudence, d. unmarried. Anderson Polk married, third, 
Susan Langley, and had issue: ^[Martha, married Jefferson 
Bugg; ^"Almeda, married Charles Cruger. 

Eleanor Polk, second child of Taylor Polk, 2nd and Pru- 
dence (Anderson) Polk, married Daniel Huddleston and had 
issue: ^Prudence, married Joseph Story; -Daniel, married 
]\Iiss Stinson; ^Jane, married Moses \\'aterman ; ■*Rachael, 
married Jefferson Cunningham; ^T. J., married Jane Polk; 
^Katherine, married James Stevens. 

Cumberland Polk, third child of Taylor Polk, 2nd and 
Prudence (Anderson) Polk, married Alnieda Blackwood and 
had issue : -Prudence, married James Stanford ; -Taylor, mar- 
ried Ellen Griggs; ^Caldona. married Robert Priest; ^Lucinda, 
married John Houston; -"^Lawrence, married Penelops Rose; 
•^Sarah, m.arried Alonza Tracy; 'John. d. unmarried; ^Sylves- 
ter, unmarried; ''Henry, unmarried; ^'^W^esley, unmarried. 
It is possible that the latter was the A\'esley Polk, who remov- 
ed from Xorth Carolina to Missouri, about the date of forma- 
tion of the latter state, but whose descendants there are un- 
able to name his ancestors. 


Sarah Delaney Polk, fourth child of Taylor Polk 2nd and 
Prudence (Anderson) Polk, married Capt. G. T. Epperson 
and had issue: ^Henry Peyton, married Miss Rowles ; ^Mary, 
married Blount Bullock ; ^Taylor Polk, married Victoria Bush ; 
^Isabella, married George Jacobs; '^Emma, married Ira Cobb. 

Mitchell, fifth child of Taylor Polk 2nd and Prudence 
(Anderson) Polk, died unmarrred. 

Sylvester Walker Polk, sixth child of Taylor Polk 2nd and 
Prudence (Anderson) Polk, married Sarah Large, and had 
issue: ^Isom, married Lucy ]\Iiller; -Victoria, married H. O. 
Brockmann ; ^Paschal, married Hannah Jones; "^Isadora, mar- 
ried W. R. Capps ; ^David, married Jane Burnett; ^Laura, 
married L. D. Burnett; '^i\lpha, married John Lindsay; ^Maud, 
married W. L. Kothmann ; ^Claude. 

Henry Clay Polk, seventh child of Taylor Polk, 2nd and 
Prudence (Anderson) Polk, married Mary A. Dickson and 
had issue: ^Henry, married Annie Gould; ^David, d. unmar- 
ried; ^Emma, d. unmarried; ^Alice, married Dr. G. B. Green; 
^John, married Susan Brown ; "^Anna married John Hawkins ; 
"Lela, married Dr. John Brown; ^Betty, d. unmarried; ^Roxy; 

Taylor Polk, 3d, eighth child of Taylor Polk, 2nd and 
Prudence (Anderson) Polk, married Mary Petty and had 
issue: ^Laura; -Augusta, ^Mollie, married T. W. Poole; 
^James, married Mary Allison; ^Leta and ^Lota, twins; 
■^Henry; ^Leon ; ^Myrtle, married Richard Shegog; ^^Beverl}-. 

Prudence Polk, ninth child of Taylor Polk, 2nd and Pru- 
dence (Anderson) Polk, married Benjamin H. Dickson and 
had issue: ^Charles, married Carrie Young; -Minnie, mar- 
ried Dr. Oscar Smith; ^Williaim ; "^Pearl, married Russell 
\Villiams; ^Ethel, married Geoi^ge Holland. 

Alfred Polk, tenth child of Taylor Polk, 2nd and Prudence 
(Anderson) Polk, married Sarah ^^'ilson and had issue: 
^Sylvester; ^Burt; =^Mable ; *James. 

James Polk, third child of Taylor Polk, 1st and Jency 
(Walker) Polk, married, first, Miss Trammell, second, Sallie 
Cox. His children were: \Tency, married Fielding Tweedle ; 
-Bettie, married ALirtin Newman ; "Franklin, married Jane 


Rider; -^Janies, married Lizzie Roberts; 'Cumberland, married 
Laura Kirk. 

Cumberland Pulk, fourth child of Taylor Polk, 1st and Jen- 
cy (Walkerj Polk, married Xancy Cox, daughter of Joel Cox 
and Frances Bartlett his wife, of Kentucky. Xancy Cox was a 
sister of Sallie Cox, Vv no married James, brother of Cumber- 
land. The issue of this marriage was: ^Lucretia; -Lucinda, 
d. in infancy; ^'Marshall Alexander; -^Elias Rector; ^'William 
Jackson; '^Louisa Jane; 'Jency ; '^Louis Taylor; '^Prudence; 
^^^Mary; "Martha; ^-James Knox. 

Lucretia Polk, eldest child of Cumberland Polk and Xancy 
(Coxj Polk, married Edmund Cearley, and had issue: ^Samuel; 
Reyburn, d. unmarried; -Xewton Fleming; ^]\Iary Jane, d. in 
infancy; ■^Cuml^erland. d. in infancy; '^Louise Elizabeth, mar- 
ried George Babcock, no issue ; 'Cyrus Granville, d. unmar- 
ried ; 'John Brackville; ^Emma Cornelia, married Plon. Frank 
Marion Angellotti. Justice of the Supreme Court of Califor- 
nia since l!)i)"2, and had issue: Frances Louise, d. in infancy, 
and ]\larion Polk; ''Charles Lalant, married Rhoda Jeanette 
Mangrum and has one child, ^lila Mangrum Cearley. 

^larshall Alexander Polk, third child of Cumberland Polk 
and Xancy (Cox) Polk. d. in childhood. 

Elias Rector Polk, fourth child of Cumberland Polk and 
Nancy (Cox) Polk, d. unmarried from the eitect of wounds re- 
ceived in the Confederate Army. He belonged to Col. Ken- 
nard's regiment. 

William Jackson Polk, tifth child of Cumberland Polk and 
Xancy (Cox) Polk, married Esther Woodward, and had two 
children: ^Thomas; -Julia. 

Louisa Jane Polk, sixth child of Cumberland Polk and 
Nancy (Cox) Polk, married Rev. E. J. Billington, and had 
three children : ^Lucretia ; -Ezekiel ; ■'Julia. 

Luuis Taylor Polk, seventh child uf Cumberland Polk 
and Xancy (Cox) Polk, never married. He was killed in the 
Confederate Army, at Arkansas Post. 

Jency Polk, eighth child of Cumberland Polk and Xancy 
(Cox) Polk, married William ()"Xeal and had four children: 
^X'ancv; -Gussie ; "Prudence: "*Iohn. 


Prudence Polk, ninth child of Cuml:)erland Polk and Nancy 
(Cox) Polk, married Frederick Jones and had two children: 
^Mary; ^William. 

Mary Ann Polk, tenth child of Cumberland Polk and 
Nancy (Cox) Polk, married Charles Jackson. No issue. 

Martha Robinson Polk, eleventh child of Cumberland 
Polk and Nancy (Cox) Polk, married Handy \\'alker and 
had three children: ^Jency; -James; ^Ella. 

James Knox Polk, twelfth child of Cuml)erland Polk and 
Nancy (Cox) Polk, never married. 

William Polk, fifth child of Tayh^r Pulk. 1st and Jency 
(Walker) Polk, married two cousins, the ^Misses Griffith. Two 
sons by the first marriage. ^Lewis ; -Cumberland. Both were 
killed in the Confederate Army. 

Alfred Polk, sixth child of Taylor Polk, 1st and Jency 
(Walker) Polk, married, first, Irene Chandler; second Mrs. 
Ricketts. Issue by first marriage: ^James ; -Josiah ; 

^Mary J., married W. W. Garner; "^Mitchell; '^Caroline, mar- 
ried Iv. Dennis; "^Benjamin; '^Samuel; ^Almeda, married J. N. 
Stancell ; ''Young. By his marriage with Mrs. Ricketts, Alfred 
Polk had issue : i^Robert ; inVilliam Part ; ^-Richard. 

Jency Polk, seventh child of Taylor Polk, 1st and Jency 
(Walker) Polk, married ^Mitchell Anderson, brother to the 
wife of Taylor Polk, 2nd. The children of this marriage were : 
^Fannie; -James; ^Mitchell; ^Benjamin ; ■'^Abraham ; ^Eliza : 
'''Stacey; ^Jane ; ^Henry ; ^^Taylor. James, Mitchell, Benjamin 
and Abraham Anderson enlisted when mere boys, in the Con- 
federate Army, and were all killed in the war. 


Charles Polk, eldest son of John Polk and Eleanor (vShel- 
byj Polk, was a soldier in the Revolution. He married Mar- 
garet Baxter and had issue: ^John ("Jackie"); -Jennie; 
^Andrew; K'ol. W'm. ; -^Charles ; *^Cynthia; 'Isaac; «Judge Al- 
fred Polk. John ("Jackie") married Elizabeth Allen, and had 
a daughter, Amanda M. Polk, who married Rev. Dr. R. O. 
Watkins. Judge Albert B. Watkins, son of the latter, is a lead- 
ing attorney-at-law at Athens, Tex. Jennie married i&t, a Mr. 


Fowler ; S'e^etttl, John Potts, and settled in Alabama. Andrew 
married Martha Kimball, moved to Missouri, and later to 
Cherokee County, Tex. Col. William married Xancy Petty 
and settled at Holly Springs, ]^Iiss. Charles married Eliza- 
beth Haynes. Cynthia married her cousin, John Polk, son of 
John Polk and Elizabeth Oldson. Judge Alfred Polk married 
Xancy Mclvor. 


Judge Alfred Polk lemoved from Tennessee to Texas in 
183T, and lived to be S3 years of age. He settled in San Augus- 
tine County, to which locality he was followed by his father, 
"Civil Charley" Polk, and others of the name. Alfred Polk, 
being a man of superior mental attainments, soon took high 
lank in his community. He was chief Justice during the 
Texas Republic, a position similar to that of District Judge of 
the present day. with concurrent jurisdiction in both civil and 
criminal cases. 

After Texas entered the Union. Judge Alfred Polk con- 
tinued in tlie office of Judge for nine years longer. After a 
total service of eighteen years in public life he retired to his 
farm and lived quietly the balance of his days, maintaining 
to the end, however, a deep interest in all political affairs. He 
was the father of ten children, including two sets of twins. 
Three of his children were born before, and the others after 
his removal to Texas. All of his six sons served in the Con- 
federate Army. The youngest son. Drew, was killed in the 
battle of Thompson's Station, and was buried in the Polk 
cemetery, near Columbia. Tenn., where so many of the family 
are interred. 


Judge Alfred Polk, youngest son of "Civil Charley" Polk 
fson of John Polk and Eleanor Shelby), married Xancy 

^Iclvor and had ten children, viz: ^Charles I. Polk. b. , 

married Victoria Thomas; -John K. Polk. b. , d. 1902, mar 

ried issl to Alary Thomas. She d. 1909. Charles I. and Jno. 
K. were twins ; 'Wnn Elizabeth Polk, b. . married P.en E. 


Smith; ■*Silas G. Polk, b. , married Althea AIcKnight, no 

issue ; •''Drew S. Polk, b. , killed in C. S. A. during Civil 

War; ^Margaret C. Polk, b. , married Dr. A\'m. Browning; 

"William A. Polk, b. ; «Mary Cynthia Polk. b. ls41, d. , 

married Ludwell R. Davis, b. 1828, (Wm. A. and Mary C. were 

also twins) ; ''Andrew Tyler Polk, b. , married Mary Ann 

Simmons, Oct. 1. 18T4:; ^''Isabella Polk, b. , married George 


Judge H. K. Polk, married Ella Burleson and had issue: 
^Charles I.; -Jamie; "Hallie; '^John ; '"Carlo; '"Kate ; '^Alamie; 

James V. Polk is unmarried and is a prominent business 
man and real estate operator at Beaumont, Texas. 

John K. Polk and wife. Mary (Thomas) Polk, had issue: 

^Sudie Gertrude. 1). , 1882, married Murray B. Thomas in 

1905. They had issue: \T<>hn Elbert., b. 1906; ^Charles Wes- 
ley, (daughter), b. 1886. married 1907 to Chas. Francis Soss- 
man, issue: ^Rubie Estelle. b. 1908; ^John D. Polk. b. 1892, d. 

Ben E. Smith and wife. Ann Elizabeth (Polk) Smith, had 
issue: ^Silas; -Polk; "Eva; ^Ben E., Jr.; ^L. H. ; *^Xannie; 
■^M. C. ; ^B. B. The first three named are dead. 

Silas G. Polk and wife Althea had no issue. 

Margaret C. Browning had issue: ^Annie Robert; -Kate 


Mary Cynthia Polk and Ludwell Rector Davis had issue: 
Uh: Drew S., b. 1868, married Effie May Greer 1901 ; nVilliam 
Thomas, b. 18T0, married Fannie B. Price 1892 ; ^Elias Kinch- 
eloe, b. 1872, married Anna Hill, 1909. Xo issue; '^Margaret 
Isabella, b. is; 1. unmarried; ^^nnie Browning, b. 1876. unmar- 
ried; ''.Mary Johnnie, 1). 1878. unmarried; 'Alfred Polk. b. 1880, 
uiiinaiTicd ; ''l.udwell Iv. jr.. 1). 1882, married Hattie Anderson. 
190.j; "•'Winnie, b. LSS.'). d. l<s«7. 

Dr. Drew P.. IXnvis and Effie "Slay Greer married 1901 and 
had issue: '.\ellie \'ance, b. 1902; ^Drew S. Jr.. b. 1904; 
■■•Kittic .May. 1). l!)u.-. ; -i.Vnnie Belle, b. 19(i7; -"'Wm. Thomas, Jr., 
b. 1911. 



of Beaumont, Tex. 

POL K F A M [ LY A N D K I N S M E N 321 

A\'illiam Thomas Davis and Fannie Bernard Price had 
issue: ^James Ludwell, b. 1893; -Alary Isabella, b. 189G ; 
»Drew S. Jr., b. 1S98 ; ^Johnnie Adeline, b. 1900 ; ^Ellen Eliza- 
beth, b. 1902 ; "^Wyatt Garrett Foster, b. 1901:. 

Ludwell Rector Davis married Hattie Anderson and had 
issue : ^Mildred AA'ayne, b. 1906 ; -Edward Rector, b. 1909. 

Isabella Polk and husband. George Smith, had issue: 
^Charles P., -Maggie: ^Tamie : ^Dr. G. AL; ^Gussie ^Robert B. ; 
'''B. J. ; -T. H. ; '^T. T. ; ^"Anna May. Jamie and Gussie are dead. 

Andrew Tyler Polk and Alary Ann Simmons were mar- 
ried Oct. 1, 1871. Their children were: ^Sophia Lula, b. Dec. 
25, lS?(j; 2John Simmons, b. Aprl 29. 18T9 ; ^Tyler A^ernon. b. 
Alay 28, 1881 ; ^Samuel Clarence, b. May 7. 1885. 

John Simmons Polk and Catherine B. Thomas were mar- 
ried Nov. 11, 1901. Their children were: nValter Earl. b. 
Nov. 26, 1903 ; -Leland Thomas, b. Dec. 11. 1905 ; ^Annie May, 
b. April 13, 1908 ; ^Gladys, b. March 1, 1912. 

Tvler A^ernon Polk and Alattie Virginia Thomas were 
married Dec. 14, 1902. Their children : ^Aaron Gordon, b. 
Jan. 12, 1904; -Annie Blanche, b. Sept. 1, 1904; ^Margaret Ruth, 
b. June 22, 1909. 


John Polk (generally called "Jackie" and also "Colonel"), 
was b. Oct. 25, 1798. and d. Feb. 16, 1864. Cynthia Springs 
Polk, b. Feb. 25, 1801, d. Aug. 28. 1855. John and Cynthia 
were married Oct. 28, 1825. They had issue: ^Isaac Carlo, 
b. Oct. 15, 1826: ^Margaret, b. April 22, 1829; ^Elizabeth 
Jerome, b. Jan. 20, 1832 ; ^Eugenia, b. July 27, 1834. d. Jan. 24, 
1864; 5John DeKalb, b. Nov. 10, 1839; *^Benjamin C, b. Feb. 
20, 1843. 

John Polk's second wife, to whom he was married July 30. 
1856, was Mrs. Alary S. AIcLenny. nee Floyd. She d. June 
22, 1859. They had twins. Erasmus and Bettie Georgiana. 1). 
July 18, 1857.' The first d. Aug. 11, 1857. Bettie grew to 
womanhood and married Frank Hudgeons, about 1881. They 
moved from Parker County, Texas to Alarthaville. La. Un- 
traced since. 


po ljv family and kinsmen 

John Polk's third wife was Nancy Xewsom, b. in Georgia. 
They had one child, Almonte Lee, b. Sept. 12, 1863, after her 
father's death. Almonte married Frank Wilder, of San An- 
tonio, Tex., Xov. 27, 1894, and they have one child, Greta 
Wilder, b. Xov. 6, 1897. ]\Ir. Wilder was born in Illinois. 


Thomas Byser Davenport, b. Feb. 7, 1831, d. Dec. 11, 1863. 
Eugenia Polk, b. July 27, 1834; d. Jan. 24, 1864. They were 
married Oct. 13, 1855 and had issue: ^^lary Cynthia, b. July 
18, 1856; 2John Polk, b. July 7, 1858, d. Oct. 27, 1859 ; ^Eugene 
Beauregard, b. April 15, ISGl, d. Oct. 30, 1863; ^Elizabeth 
DeKalb, b. May 11, 1863. 

Mary Cynthia Davenport, married Matthew Cartwright, 
July 24, 1876, and had the following children and grand- 
children : 

(1.) Leonidas Davenport Cartwright, b. May 9, 1877, mar- 
ried Justa Joiner and had issue: ^Terrill Joiner, b. Oct. 25, 
19(M); -Leonidas D., b. Xov. 29, 1902; ^Justa, b. July — , 1909; 
^Jerome Broocks, b. July 16, 1911. 

(2) Amanda Holman Cartwright, b. March 21, 1878, mar- 
ried Lane Taylor, Dec. 20, 1900. They had issue: ^Eugenia 
Polk, b. Sept. 11, 1901 ; ^Maria Louisa, b. Dec. 29, 1903. 

(3) Eugenia Polk Cartwright, b. Dec. 3, 1880, married 
James L Cartwright, Nov. 8, 1904. They had issue : ^Matthew, 
b. Aug. 15, 1905. 

(4) Estelle Cartwright, b. July 20, 1882, married Wm. 
Bartle Lupe, Nov. 4, 1903, and they have issue : ^Alary Daven- 
port. 1). Feb. 1905; ^Estelle, b. July — , 1907; d. May — , 1909; 
-William B., b. Alarch 17, 1910. 

(5) Jerome Broocks Cartwright, b. Xov. 3, 1883, married 
'A'illiam Preston Head, March 26, 19o7. Residence, Sulphur, 

(6) Mary Davenport Cartwright. b. IMay 13, 1885, mar- 
ried Clarence S. Pickerell, Jan. 7, 1909. 

(7) John TL Reagon Cartwright. b. Feb. 22, 1888, married 
T^al)el Bran>nn. Xov. 9, 1910. 


(8) Holman Cartwright. b. March 26. 1889. 

(9) Matthew Cartwright, b. Jan. 17, 1892. 

(10) Bourke Cartwrig-ht, b. Jan. 21, 1894. 

Elizabeth DeKalb Davenport, daughter of Thomas B. 
Davenport, married Dr. Samuel Miller Gladney, Oct. 3, 1881. 
They had issue: ^Donald Ross, b. April 27, 1885; ^Mary 
Eugenia, b. June 25, 1891; ''Jane Ross, b. ]\Iarch 31, 1895; 
^Samuel AL, b. Nov. 25, 1898. 

Mrs. Eugenia Broocks, married secondly M. George C. 
Greer.. Her children by her second husband were: ^Louis 
V. ; -John B. ; ^George C. 

Mrs. Greer's three brothers, John H.. Lycurgus and Ben- 
jamin Polk, were all in the Confederate army and the latter 
fell in battle. 

Closes Lycurgus. generally called "Curg," was elected 
to Congress from his district and died after serving one term. 
John H. is a prominent lawyer and business man, and resides 
in Beaumont, Texas. 

Margaret, daughter of Cynthia and John Polk, married 
James Burleson, a prominent planter and stockman, and they 
have issue : \Toe ; -Carlo ; ^James ; ^Pip ; -"^Jerome. Joe and 
James, the only survivors, are noted planters and stockmen 
of San Augustine. 





John D. Pulk (second son and fifth child of John and 
Cynthia S. Polk), was born in San Augustine, Texas, Nov. 
10, 18:3i». and married Miss Elizabeth Beles, in Leon County, 
Texas. Nov. 10, 1S57. John D. served through the Civil War 
as Captain of Company D., Gould's Battalion, Texas Cavalry 
(dismounted) Walker's Division. Trans-Mississippi Depart- 
ment, C. S. A. The children born to John D. Polk and 
wife were: \Tames H.. b. in Le(-)n County, Sept. 185S, d. in 
Louisiana, IDOfi ; ^wjniam, b. in Ler)n County, 1863, d. at 
Eagle Pass, Tex., in 1880; ^Benj. C. 1). in Leon County, 1865, 
killed in train wreck near Austin, in 1S98; ^Fessonia, b. in 
Titus Countv, Oct. 27, 1869. 

Fessonia married David A. Blake. Oct. 27. 1886, and they 
reside at Lometa. Texas. Their children were: ^Elizabeth, b. 
at Eagle Pass, Dec. IS, 1887; -Lucile, 1). at Dallas, July 27, 
1889; ^David A.. Jr., b. at Brenham. Feb. U. 1892; ^Roscoe, b 
at Temple. Oct. 9. 1900; -'Alef, b. at Brownwood, July 19, 1902. 

Elizabeth, the eldest daughter, married Edward W. Pas- 
sow, at San Angelo, Jan. 20. 1907. One child, Edward Blake, 
b. Xov. 2. 1907. Residence of family. Chicago, 111. 

Lucilc Idake married Vancourt Kelly, at San Angelo, 
June 2;^., 1909. They have one child, Wancourt, Jr., b. "Slay 
30, 1910. 


Emily r.. Polk (daughter of "Jackey" Polk and Elizabeth 
Allen), b. Feb. 25, 1,S27, and d. Jan. ;3, 1875. Emily was mar- 
ried I'd). 25, 18-i6, to J. T. Childres, b. June 21, 1817, and d. 
Dec. 10, 1879. hjnily 1*.. Childres and husband had issue: 
^Mary Elizabeth, b. Fel). :>, 1847, marrie 1 L. F. I'.ranch, Oct. 
;i, 1868; 2John Polk. b. Feb. 8, 1849, married Jennie Gilbert, 

POLK F A M I L Y A N D K I X S M E N 325 

Dec. 2:, IbT-i; '^Chas. \'aulton, b. Aug. 23. 1S51, married Julia 
Matthews, Dec. 2, IcSTO; ^Joseph William, b. Dec. 17, 1853; 
•^James Alicajah, b. Aug. 22, 1S5G, married Leta Kirksey, Aug. 
29, 1880; ^Richard Jackson, b. April 8, 1859; "Margaret Benia, 
b. Aug. 9, ISGl. married Frank Powell; ^Emily Blanche, b. 
June 21, 1864, married J. W. Gilbert, in Jan. 1881; ''Alfred Lee, 
h. Aug. 13, 1807, married, d. Oct. 10, 1872 ; ^''Ophelia Amanda, 
b. June 19, 1873, d. Jun.e 2-4, 1894. 

Emily B. (Polk) Childres and husband. Josiah T. 
Childres, b. in Tennessee, emigrated to Texas in 1837. 


(1) Willie, b. Dec. 30, 1876; d. July 15, 1878. 

(2) Clive, b. Alay 20. 1878; married Kate Smith, Feb. — , 
1904. Lssue: ^Alary, b. June — , 1906; ^Smith, b. 1909. 

(3) Ruby, b. Jan.. 1881; married T. E. Collins, Dec, 1901. 
Issue: ^Milton, b. July, 1903; -Ruby, b. 1905. 

(4) Verna. b. 1883 ; married her cousin. I. \^. Childres. 

(5) Elmer, b. Aug. 22, 1886 ; married Cornelia Harrell, 
Oct.. 1909. Issue: ^'erdell, b. Xov. in, 19ln. 

(6) Milton, b. ^larch 13, 1896; d. Dec. — , 1893. 

(7) Earl, b. Sept. — , 1893. 


Chas. A'aulton Childres and wife. Julia Anne ?\Iatthews, 

had issue: ^Inlow \'aulton, b. : married Verna S. 

Childres; -Joseph Jackson, b. : married Lillian Ashley; 

^Emily Jennett, b. ; '^Charley Lee. b. . 


John A. Polk, fourth son and child of John Polk and 
Eleanor (Shelby) Polk, was born in Mecklenburg County, 
North Carolina, and was a soldier under his father in the Rev- 
olutionary War. and d. in Texas in 1855. 

Shortly after peace was declared, large numbers of the 
sons of North Carolina crossed the Alleghenies and settled 
in Tennessee. John A. Polk and his brothers, '"Civil Charley," 


Shelby and Taylor, were a part of the emigrating" host, as were 
also his kinsmen. Col. Ezekiel Polk, the latter's son Samuel, 
(father of James K. Polk), Col. William Polk, (son of Gen. 
Thomas Polk), and others of the family. Prompted by the 
inherent aggressiveness of the Scotch-Irish character, the 
Polks kept up to the firing" line of civilization as it sw^ept 
over the mountains and deployed into the fertile valleys of 
the Tennessee region. Along w'ith his brothers, and kinsmen 
Ezekiel and Samuel Polk, John settled in the Western sectioi: 
of Tennessee, near Boli\-ar. 

Though located in a fertile and attractive region, from 
the vast section lying between Red River and the Rio Grande, 
came marvelous accounts of fertility of soil and opportunities 
for wealth. Yielding to these intluences, John A. Polk and 
his brother "Civil Charley." started with their familes for the 
new Eldorado about 1840, and located in San Augustine 
County, wdiere he died in 1855. Like his brother Charles, 
John A. had married a number of years before he emigrated 
to Texas. The maiden name of his wife was Elizabeth Old- 
son. They had issue : 

(1) Benjamin D. A. Polk, b. Jan. 1. 1790; d. June 3, 1840. 

(2) Nancy Polk, b. ; d. ; married Ethelbert 


(3) Evan Polk. 1). ; d. ; married Jannie Aliller. 

(4) Robert Polk. b. ; d. ; married Alalvina 


(5) Elizabeth Polk, b. ; d. ; married Robert 


(G) John (generally called "Jackie,"), who married three 
times. He first married Cynthia Polk, a cousin, daughter of 
"Civil Charley" Polk; second, Mrs. INIary (Floyd) AlcClenny ; 
third, Nancy Newsom, of Alabama. 

(7) Armstead Polk, youngest child of Benj. D. A. Polk, 

John A. Polk's children were all born in Tennessee, and 
some of them emigrating to Texas, died there. 



Benjamin D. A. Polk, oldest child of John A. Polk and 
Elizabeth (Oldson) Polk, b. Jan. 1, 1790, married Sept. 26, 
1816, Margaret R. Moore, daughter of James and Catharine 
Moore. She was b. Oct. 10, 1797. 

Benjamin D. A. and Margaret (Moore) Polk had issue: 
^Elizabeth Ann, b. Oct. 19, 1817; d. Oct. 14, 1843; ^James M., 
b. March 19, 1820; d. March 24. 1840; ^John A., Jr., b. Alay 
12, 1822 ; d. June 1, 1822 ; ^Lucius B., b. June 2, 1823 ; d. Feb. 
— , 1910; married Maggie Miller; ^Viola C, b. Sept. 4, 1825; d. 
July 7, 1840; unmarried; ''Franklin A., b. Dec. 1, 1827; d. 
June 24, 1843 ; unmarried ; 'Mary Ophelia, b. Oct. 13, 1829; 
d. July 28, 1836; ^John Thadeus, b. ^larch 17, 1832; d. Oct. 
16, 1832; ^Margaret Jane, b. Nov. 1, 1833; living at Teneha, 
Texas, in Jan., 1913, married George Teel one of Austin's 
Texas colony; ^^Robert Green, b. April 13, 1836; d. Aug. 5, 
1852; "Sarah Robina, b. Oct. 19, 1838. 

Of the foregoing, Lucius B. Polk was married to 
Maggie Miller, and they had issue: ^Benjamin, d. unmarried, 
at 30 year of age; -]\Iatthew ; ^Kate; ^Jane ; ^Edna; ^Mollie. 

Margaret Jane Polk, daughter of Benjamin D. A. Polk 
and wife, married Wyatt Teel, and had a family, one of whom, 
John Teel, a commercial traveler, resides at Teneha, Texas. 
John Teel married Alef Collins, and has issue : ^Yvonne, b. 
Dec. 4, 1903 ; ^Ydelle, b. Nov. 3, 1906. 

Mrs. Margaret Jane (Polk) Teel, widow of George 
Teel, a Texas pioneer of Austin's colony, living on her farm 
near San Augustine, near where she and her husband located 
in early days. Among relics in her possession, says a sketch 
of her in the Houston Post of November 20, 1910, is a Bible 
presented to her by her kinsman, James K. Polk; a large 
Bowie knife given by its inventor, Col. James Bowie, to her 
husband, in Arkansas in 1821, with walnut handle, decorated 
in silver, broad blade, finely tempered ; and a long rifle with 
heavy stock, that was shattered against the door of the old 
stone fort in Nacogdoches, when the Texans were rushing it. 



"Civil Charley" Polk, eldest son of John Polk and Eleanor 
Shelby, was born Jan. 18, ITGO, in Mecklenburg County, 
North Carolina. This date he gave in 1846, in his application 
for a pension, under the Congressional act of iSo"?, granting 
pensions to Revolutionary soldiers. 

In liis declaration, after stating his name, place and date 
of birth, he says he "served at various times during the Revo- 
lution in the North Carolina troops, under Captains James 
Jack, John Polk (his father), Charles Polk (his uncle), 
Oliver, Wiley and Fletcher, and Colonels Adam Alexander 
and Thomas Polk (his uncle); also served as Sergeant in a 
mounted Spy Company for five months and twenty-eight 
days, in 1814." 

His application was filed, l)ut no pension was allowed, 
probably on account of a lack of confirmatory documentary 
proof, the Revolutionary records of North Carolina being 
exceedingly incomplete, and, in many instances, entirely lost. 
He stated, however, to his family in after years, that it never 
was his intenti(jn to try to collect a pension, but only to 
secure an of^cial record of his services. 

From his declaration of serx'ice it is certain that his 
father, John Polk, and his uncle. Charles Polk, were both 
Captains in the arm}-, though well advanced in age — probably 
between forty-five and fifty years old. 

Colonel Adam Alexander was a near kinsman of the 
Polks, as were all of that name in Mecklenl)urg. Several 
of the Taylor girls, of Pennsylvania, (sisters of Margaret 
Taylor, who married Wm. Polk), intermarried with the Alex- 
anders, as (lid also some of the Polk women. All of the 
Alexander men by these intermarriages joined with their 
kinsmen and neighbors in the Mecklenburg Declaration of 
May 20. 177."), and in active army service in the Revolution 
that followed. 

C. G. l^olk. of Tennessee, writing concerning his grand- 
father, says: "I have heard ever since I was a boy that my 
grandfather, who was called 'Civil Charley.' and Thomas, 
Samuel and Ezekiel Polk, were the boys that raised the 



of Texas. 





Liberty Pole at Charlotte, North Carolina." The night before 
the Mecklenburg Declaration. :\Iay 19. 17T5, it is traditionally 
stated, was the time the pole was raised by enthusiastic young 
patriots of Charlotte. 

As stated, Charles was a soldier in the Revolution, and 
was twice captured by the British. He had very white hair, 
and by some was called "Whiteheaded Charley." After his 
second capture by the enemy, the British officer exclaimed: 
"Ah. mv whiteheaded fellow, we have caught vou acain, 
ha\-e we?'' For four days he was given no food, and was 
half starved when a former slave of his father's, who had 
gone to the British army expecting freedom, threw him an 
ear of corn as he passed to feed the stolen stock. On account 
of his agreeable manner and disposition, he was generally 
called '"Civil Charley" Polk, in contradistinction to his cousin, 
"Devil Charley." son of General Thos. Polk and Susan Spratt. 
who was noted for his daredevil pranks. 

Possessed of a remarkably vigorous constitution. "Civil 
Charley" Polk attained to a great age. After many years' res- 
idence in Western Tennessee, he again decided to emigrate 
and went to Texas, where he spent the balance of his days, 
and died. 

Most of Charles' sons accompanied him to the Lone Star 
State, in which had also located other Polks, some in Austin's 
colony. The principal one of the latter was Dr. Thomas 
Polk, from Indiana, son of Capt. Charles Polk, the Indian 
fighter, and grandson of Chas. Polk, the Indian trader, at 
the North Bend of the Potomac, who was a gon of W'm. 
Polk. Sr., of ^laryland. and brother of that Wm. Polk who 
emigrated from Carlisle. Pa., to North Carolina and founded 
the Southern branch of the Polk Tree. 

"Civil Charley" Polk emigrated to Tennessee, and thence 
to Texas, about 1842: had issue: \Tane ; -John ("Jackey"); 
^Andrew ; "^William Knox, who married Nancy Petty ; 
^Cynthia, who married her cousin. John Polk, son of John, 
brother of "Civil Charley;" '^Charles, who married Elizabeth 
Hayne: "Judge Alfred, who married Nancy Mclvor. 

John (or "Jackey") Polk, eldest son of "Civil Charley" 
Polk and ^largaret (Baxter") Polk, married Elizabeth Allen 

332 P O LK F A M I LY A X D K I X S .1/ £ .V 

about 1814, and they had issue: U\"illiam A., who married 
Martha Barrett and remained in Tennessee; -Charles Grandi- 
son, who married ]\Iary Ann Alassey and remained in Ten- 
nessee; ^PJenina, who married W'm. Alassey, brother of Alary 
Ann; '^Amanda M.. who married Rev. Richard Overton Wat- 
kins; '^Emily. wh(j married Josiah Chihh'es; ''Xancy, wdio 
married Norman Branch ; 'X'ictoria, who married W' m. Bird- 
well. The latter have two children — Charles and Willie. 

"Jackey" Polk and all (if his family, except the boys 
Wm. A. and C. G. Polk, emigrated from Tennessee to Texas, 
going to San Augustine County, and later settling at Linn 
Flat, Nacogdoches County. 

Jennie Polk married John Potts and they settled in Ala- 

Andrew Polk and wife went to Missouri, removed thence 
to Cherokee County, Texas, and later to Waco, Texas. 

Cynthia and her husband, John Polk, removed from 
San Augustine County to Leon County. Their children mar- 
ried and remained in San Augustine County. John was 
married three times, and by his third wife has a daughter 
li\-ing in San Antonio. 

Mrs. Ann Smith, (daughter of Judge Alfred Polk), who 
married Benjamin Smith, lives at Silver X'alley, Coleman 
County, Texas. Most of Judge Alfred Polk's children mar- 
ried and located permanently in San Augustine County, leav- 
ing many descendants who are prominent and influential 


Eugenia Polk, daughter of "Jackie", and Cynthia Polk, 
married Dr. Thumas B. Davenport, and to them were born 
two children, ^Mary Cynthia and -'Elizabeth. Mary Cynthia 
Davenport was b. July -M, isr^ -. married July 26, 18v6, 
Matthew Cartwright, b. Aug. D, is.^O. and to them were born 
ten children, as follows: 

(1) Lennidas Davenport Cartwright, b. }iLay 9, 1877; 

who married Justa Joiner, (b. , Is-;!)), in December 13, 

1899. They have four children: ^Terrel, b. Oct. 26, 1900; 
^Leonidas D., b. Nov. 29, 1902; ^Justa, b. July 12, 1909; 

POLK FA M I L Y A X D K I X S M E X 333 

^Jerome, b. July T. 1911. They live in San Antonio, Texas. 

(2) Amanda Holman Cartwright, b. Alarch 12, 18T1), mar- 
ried James Lane Taylor, of Sherman, Texas, Dec. 2(i. l!)()ii. 
They now live in San Antonio, Texas, and have two children : 
^Eugenia Polk. b. Sept. 11, 1901; -^laria Louise, b. Dec. 29, 

(3) Eugenia Polk Cartwright, b. Dec. 3, 1880, married 
James Ingram Cartwright, Xov. 8. lOii-t. They are now living 
in Uvalde, Texas, and have one child, }vlatthew, b. Aug. li, 

(■1) Estelle Cartwright, b. July 19, 1881, married W'm. B. 
Lupe, Xov. 4, 19<i3. They are living in San Antonio, Texas, 
have two living children and one dead: ^]Vlary Davenport, b. 
Feb. 3, 1905; -Estelle, (deceased); ^William. Jr., b. ]^Lirch 
IT, 1910. 

(5) Jerome Broocke Cartwright, b. Xov. 3, 1883, married 
AA'illiam Preston Head. ^^larch 26, 1907. Living now in Sul- 
phur, Okla. 

(6j :\Lary Davenport Cartwright, b. ]\Iay 13, 1885, mar- 
ried Clarence L Pickrell. Jan. T, 1909. Xow living in El 
Paso, Texas. 

(7) Reagan Cartwright, b. Feb. 22, 1887, married Isabel 
Branson, of Coatesville. Pa.. Xov. 9, 1910. Xow living in 

Alpine, Texas. 

(8) Holman Cartwright, b. March 20, 1890. 

(9) ^^latthew Cartwright, b. Jan. 7. 1893. 

(10) Broocke Cartwright, b. Jan. 20, 1895. 

Elizabeth DeKalb Davenport, second daughter of Eu- 
genia Polk and Dr. Davenport, married S. M. Gladney, and 
they have four children: ^Donald; -Eugenia; •'^Jane Ross; 
^Samuel. They live at Torrell, Texas. 

Jerome Polk, who married Col. John Broocke, had four 
children: ^Margaret Eugenia, who married George C. Greer, r 
and they have three sons, Lewis \'., Second Lieutenant in 
U. S. A., stationed at Fort Bliss, Wyoming; John H. and 
George Jerome; ^John H., of San Augustine, Texas; ^Moses 
Lvcurgus Broocke. (deceased), former U. S. Congressman 
from Beaumont. Texas; ^Benjamin, (deceased), married 
Laura Aliens. Thev have three children: iBenjamin; ^Ara ; 



^Elizabeth. John H. Broocke married the widow Laura Allen 
Broocke and they have one child. Jerome. 

John D. Polk, son of Cynthia and John Polk, is now living 
in San Angelo, Texas, and is about 76 years of age. He has 
one daughter, Elizabeth, who married David Blake, and they 
have several children: Elizabeth, who married ]\Ir. Passow ; 
Lucile, who married Wm. H. Kelley ; David and others. 


The children born to Rev. R. O. Watkins, and Amanda 
(Polk) Watkins, were: 

(1) John Polk Watkins, b. Dec. 22, 1840; d. Jan. 30, 1908, 
married to Lorena AlcCollum. L-^sue: ^Edward; -Elizabeth; 
^Finis ; '^Jewel ; ^A. B. 

(2) Jesse A. Watkins, b. May 1, 1843, married Dora Harr. 
Issue: ^Nettie; -Charles; ^Archibald ; -^Elzabeth. Residence, 
Kemp. Texas. 

(3) Richard O. Watkins, b. Aug. 6, 184(3; unmarried. 
Residence, Kemp, Texas. 

(4) Dr. William Archibald Watkins, b. June 4, 1849, mar- 
ried Jennie Nobles. Issue: ^Genivieve; -Chaillie; ^Mary; 
^Elizabeth; '"^Willie J. Residence, Kemp, Texas. 

(.5) Robert Smith Watkins, b. Jan. 31, 1852, married 
Murphia Collins. No issue. Residence, Kemp, Texas. 

(6) AI. E. Watkins, b. Oct. 31, 1854; d. Jan. 14, 1870. 

(7) Judge Albert Bacon Watkins, b. Aug. 4, 1857, mar- 
ried Laura Murchison. Issue: Royal R., only child. Resi- 
dence, Athens, Texas. 

John Polk Watkins and his brother, Jesse Watkins, were 
Confederate soldiers in the Civil AA'ar. 


Rev. Richard Overton Watkins, who married Amanda 
M. Pdlk, daughter of John Polk and Elizabeth Allen, in 
March, 1842, in San Augustine County, Texas, was a native 
of Tennessee. He was born near the town of Clarksville, on 
the Cumberland River, March 31, 1810. He was educated 


at Sharon, Miss., and removed with his father to Texas in 
1833, and settled first near Clarksville. Texas, and later at 
Nacogdoches, Texas. He was the first Protestant minister 
ordained in the Republic of Texas, the Presbytery meeting 
at the time in old Fort Houston. He was a soldier in the 
early Indian and ^Mexican wars, in Texas. He was a son of 
Capt. Jesse Watkins. wdio was killed by the Indians in Texas 
in November, 1838. He lived at Kemp, Texas, and died there 
on ]\Iay 27, 189T, in his eighty-second year. He spent his 
life continuously in the ministry, and was much interested in 
the higher educational matters of his church in the State. 



Albert Bacon Watkins, son of Rev. R. O. Watkins and 
Amanda (Polk) Watkins, was born at Kemp, in Kaufman 
County, Texas, Aug. -1, A. D., 1857. He was educated at 
Trinity University, graduating there in 1877. He studied 
law at Kaufman, Texas, with the law firm of ^Nlanion & Adams, 
who were at the time well known throughout the State. He 
was admitted to the bar at Kaufman in September, 1879, and 
shortly afterwards became a member of the firm and moved 
to the town of Athens and continued with the firm until the 
death of one of its members. He was District Judge of the 
Third Judicial District of Texas, including Houston, Ander- 
son and Henderson Counties, in 1892, and afterwards, but 
has never held any other ofiice. He has engaged in the active 
practice of the law ever since. He was Most Worshipful 
Grand Master of Masons in Texas for the years 1896 and 1897. 


(By Judge A. B. Watkins, Athens, Texas.) 

Two of the sons of John Polk and Eleanor (Shelby) Polk 
emigrated from Tennessee to Texas, namely : Charles ("Civil 
Charlie"), and his brother John Polk. Both of them settled 
at first in San Augustine County. They moved to Texas 
about the year 1810. Charles, the elder, came with his f.uir 
sons. John'C'Jacky"), Andrew, Charles and Alfred, and also 

336 f O L K F A M I I.Y AND K I N S M E N 

his daughter, Cvnthia, who was then married to her cousin, 
J JiU i'oik, t.-n of his brother J> hn above mentioned. 

Charles Polk was born in Charlotte, N. C, January 18, 
1760. He fought in the war of the Revolution, and told my 
father that his father, who was at the time a middle aged man, 
was also a soldier and an ot^cer. 

Charles Polk married Miss ^largaret Baxter, in North 
Carolina, later moved to Alaury County, Tennessee, and not 
long afterwards moved over near Bolivar, Tenn.,' where he 
resided until he moved to Texas in lS4t). He lived to l)e 
quite an old man and died in San Augustine County, Texas, 
about the year 1S4G or 1847. He was rather a small sized man, 
light haired and blue-eyed, and quite active and vigorous 
almost up to the date of his death. 

John Polk, his l^rother, also came, with at least one son, 
John. My information is that he was two years younger than 
his brother Charles. He lived in San Augustine County sev- 
eral years with or near his son, Jnhn, who had married Cyntliia 
Polk, before coming to Texas, and they each afterwards moved 
to Leon Count}^, Texas. He died there, as I have been in- 
formed, about 1849, and his son John died about six years later. 

Taylor Polk, their other brother, is said to have moved 
to Arkansas, and the Texas people know but little of his 
family, although I am told that the Corsicana Polks are some 
of his descendants. 



Athens, Tex. 







Of the children of Charles Polk and his wife, Alargaret, I 
add briefly as to all except John. 

Jane, the oldest daughter, fi is L niai -rtefl- a yiv. Fowler, 
and afterwards John Potts, and moved from Tennessee down 
into Alabama. I can give but little of her family history. 

William married Miss Xancy Petty and moved from 
LaCrange, Tenn., to Holly Springs, Aliss. He lived and died 
in that State. All the other members of the family came 
to Texas. 

Andrew, married a Miss Martha Tindle, and after- 
wards moved to Alissouri, and thence later to Texas, and 
settled in Cherokee County. He had several children. One 
of them, a daughter, married James Anderson, a distinguished 
attorney. They lived at Rusk, and later at Waco. They left 
children who reside now in Waco and in Austin, Texas . 

Cynthia Polk (daughter of "Civil Charley" Polk), married 
her cousin, John Polk, and they moved to Texas about 1840, 
and settled near the town of San Augustine. With my mother, 
at least, she had the reputation of being the brainiest of the 
Polks in this part of the country. 

Charles Polk, sixth child of Charles and Margaret (Bax- 
ter) Polk, married Elizabeth Hayne, and moved to Leon 
County, Texas. I can give but the least information possible 
about his family. I know he had one son. He died there, 
and I am of the impression that he did not have a very large 

Alfred Polk, youngest child of "Civil Charley" Polk and 
Margaret (Baxter) Polk, married Xancy Mclvor. They moved 
from Tennessee to Texas with several of the other members 
of the family and settled about four miles west of the town of 


San Augustine. They raised a large family. Alfred Polk, or 
Judge Polk, as he was most commonly known, represented the 
highest type of good citizenship. For fifty years he com- 
manded the undiminished love and esteem of the people of 
his part of the State. It might be added that his good wife, 
Nancy, claimed also an abiding place in the hearts of her neigh- 
bors and friends. 


John Polk was the second child and eldest son of Charles 
Polk and Margaret Baxter. 

John married Elizabeth Allen, who at the time resided 
in Kentucky. All of their children were born and most of 
them married while they resided near Boli\'ar. Tenn. They 
came to Texas with the others of the family and settled firsi 
near San Augustine, and afterwards moved up into Nacog- 
doches County, and lived there until they both died. He died 
in 1866, at about 84 years of age. His wife, Elizabeth, died 
when 70 years of age. He was, like all the other Polks, in 
Texas, a slave owner. All of their children came with them to 
Texas except the two older ones, William A. Polk and Charles 
Grandison Polk, who remained in Tennessee, near ^yhere they 
were born. 

(By Mrs. Grace Hemingway, Jackson, Miss.) 

Col. Wm. Knox Polk, of Holly Springs, Miss., (son of 
Civil Charley Polk and Margaret Baxter, of North Carolina, 
and grandson of John Polk and Eleanor Shelby), emigrated 
at an early day from Tennessee to Mississippi. In his new lo- 
cation he became a planter, raising cotton principally. He 
was married to Nancy Petty, by whom he had six children : 
^Isabella Polk, b. Oct. 7. 1815. married 1834 to Dr. C. S. Bowen, 
d. 1896; ^Emeline Polk, b. about 1817, married Peter B. Jones, 

d. ; "'Jane Polk, b. about 1819. married Dr. R. S. Lucas, d. 

1865; ^Laurentine S. Polk, b. about 1821, d. at 27. at Memphis; 
^Amanda Polk, b. about 1823. also died voung; <'\\'illiam I. 



Polk, b. about l.s-25. d. , married 1st Alaggie Coopwood, 

2nd Alattie E. Moore. 

Isabella Polk. (b. Oct. 7. 1815). married Dr. C. S. Bowen 
1834, d. 18!)(). They had eleven children viz : 

(Ij Emily Bowen, b. 1835, married in 1853 to Dr. S. P. 
Lester, of Batesville, Miss. Emilv d. in 18G5 leavins" four 
children : MJelle. b. 1855, married J. IM. Cox. in 18T4, thev had 
issue: ^Lillian, b. 1876, d. about 189-1. -William, b. 1879. mar- 
ried Lois Jackson, in 1905, they had issue: HVilliam Jr., b. 
19U8; ^I^ois, b. 1910. ^^ester, b. 1884. married Estelle Kinch- 
loe. ^Louise, b. 1887, married Jules Tombs in 1905, they had 
issue ^Bessie, b. 19()G; -Mary Alice, b. 1907, d. 1908; -"John 
Dudley, b. 1910 ; M^owen. b. Dec. 1889 : '"Leonard, b. Jan. 1897. 
-Bowen, b. 1857. not married. ^Maude, b. 18G0, married G. 
H. Watkins, d. 1897. ^Jessie, b. 18G4. married Rev. R. A. X. 
Wilson, 1892. they had issue: H:,erald. b. 1893, d. 1898; -Lester, 
b. 1895; ^Robert, b. 1898; ^Dorothy, b. 19ni ; «William. b. 1904 

(2) Eliza Bowen. daug-hter of Dr. C. S. Bowen. b. Sey')^ 
13, 1837. married Dr. A\'ilbur F. Hyer. April 21. 18G1. d. Oct 
11. 1909. Issue: ^Lucy. b. Sept. 5. 18G2. d. 1873. -Jane, b 
Dec. 21. 18G4. married Richard P. Moore. Aug. 29. 1889. the\ issue: ^George, b. June 28, 1890; -Richard P. Jr., b. June 
IG, 1892; '"Grace, b. Dec. 4. 1894. d. June 8. 1896; ^Elise. b. 
June 10. 1897; Wlarshall. b. ^lay 18. 1899. d. May 16, 1900; 
^Frances, b. Nov. 30. 1903 ; 'Wilbur, b. April 24. 1906. ^'Emily. 
Frances Bowen. b. March 25. 1867. married James H. Price, 
April' 26. 1904. ^John ^IcRaven, b. ^larch 15. 18G9. d. 1876, 
'^Grudchen, h. Nov. 11. 1871, married Charles A'. Akin, June 1. 
1893. d. Dec. 31. 19(iO. they had issue: ^Lois. b. April 7, 1894; 
-Aliriam. b. Sept. 21. 1896, d. Dec. 1896; =^Gladys, b. Sept. 5, 
1897. "Grace Bowen. b. Jan. 21. 1874. married Wm. Heming- 
way, June 19. 191)1. they had two chidren who died in infancy. 
^Wilbur F. Jr.. (called "Tom"L b. Jan. 22. 1877. unmarried. 
^Eric Bowen, b. Xov. 14. 1881. unmarried. 

(3) David Bowen. b. 1839. married Emma Kay in 1870, d. 
1895. Issue: ^Stella, b. 1869. d. 1873. -Wm. Bates, b. 1872, d. 
1912. ^Paul Kay. b. 1875. married and had two children, and 
d. in 1908. ^Emma. b. 1880. married 19imi, had two children, 
married 2nd time 1909 . '"Annie Rose, b. 18S4, d. 1885. 

342 P LK F A M I LY A X D K I M S M E N 

(■i) Amanda Bowen, b. ISttl, married Van Potts, 1865. 
Issue: ^William b. 1866, d. 1867. -James, b. 1868, married 
Mamie Barlow, 1899, d. about 1903, they had two children. 
^Robinson, b. 1870, unmarried. -^Bowen, b. 1872, d. 1878. 
^Van, b. 1875, married Virgie Lester 1897, they had issue: 

lAIelvin. b. 1898; , b. 1900, d. 1901; ^Aubrey, b. 1902; 

^Noel b. 1905; ^Twins, b. 1907, d. 1908; «T. W., b. 1909. 

(5j William Polk Bowen, b. 18-L4, married Alice Bost, in 
1866. Lives in Texas. Issue: ^Alfred, b. 1868; "Charles, b. 
1871; ^Cliff, b. 1880. 

(6) Alattie Bowen, b. 1846, married James S. Taylor, 1869. 
Issue :iKatie, b. 1870, d. 1871. -J. G., b. 1872, d. about 1906, 
unmarried. ^Christopher, b. 1875. '^Ernest, b. 1880, married 
Effie Tucker, 1906, they had issue: ^Ernestine, b. 1908. ^Guy, 
b. 1882 is unmarried. 

(7) Robert Bowen, b. 18-18, unmarried. 

(8) Christopher Strong Bowen, b. 1850, married Georgia 
Mims 1879, d. 1885. Issue: ^-Xnnie, b. 1880, married Walter 
Knotts 1899, three children : Ned, Elizabeth and Walter. 
-Mims, b. 1881, unmarried. '^Sarah, b. 1883, unmarried. 

(9) Charles Bowen, b. 1852, d. 1858. 

(10) Alice Bowen, b. 1856, unmarried. 

(11) Edward Reese Bowen, b. 1862, married Rosa Eddins 
in 1891. Issue: one child, Christopher Strong Bowen, Jr. 

Emeline Polk, second child of Col. Wm. Knox Polk, mar- 
ried Peter Jones. They had issue: 

(1) Laura Jones, married Van H. Potts. 

(2) Kate Jones, married Van H. Potts (2nd wife). For 
his third wife he married their cousin, Amanda Bowen, daugh- 
ter of Isabella. Issue by first two wives: ^Kate May, mar- 
ried Howard Harris, and had issue: Robert, Lois, Van, Karen, 
Lily, Flavia. 

(3) Marshall Branch Jones married Ellen Xesbit. He is 
long since dead and she lives in Memphis. Their children 
were: ^\nna, not married; -^lay; ^Lelia, married during the 
winter of 1911-12, husbands name unknown; ^Nina, married 
Dr. Miller and lives at Hillsboro, Tex., they had two children 
Dorothy Hyer and Lutie Staiars ; ^Evelyn, married E. B. 
A\'illiams and lives in ^Meridian, Miss., they had issue: Evelyn, 



and a son, I think ; ''Lutie Polk, married Mr. Staiars and lives 
in Xew York City. 

(4) Lucas Polk, married A'irginia Spencer. He is dead 
and she resides in the West. Issue: ^Stanley Branch; -Alma; 
^Lon Xeal; ^Marshall Drane. 

(5) :\IolIie Jones, married W. W. Perkins and d. I89r. 
Issue : ^Howard, married Floy Potts, one child, ]\Iary Ann ; 

-Florence, unmarried; "Louis, married Louise ; •*Clilt, 

unmarried; ^Fred. married Ethel Fuqua ; "'Gladys, unmarried. 

(6) Katie Jones, married Marshall Bouldin. One child 
Marshall Jones liouldin. He is married and lives in Clarks- 

{1 ) Lily Jones, married W. D. Porter, of Oxford, and d. 
several years ago. One child. Earl, who married ]\Iiss Moore. 

(8) Sue Jones, unmarried, lives in [Memphis. 

Jane Polk, daughter of Col. \\m. Knox Polk, b. 1S19, d. 
1865, married Dr. R. S. Lucas and had two daughters, Mollie J. 
and Baza, who d. unmarried. 

Laurentine S. Polk, b. about 18'31, d. unmarried aged 27 

Amanda Polk. b. about 1S23, also died young. 

A\'illiam I. Polk, b. about 1825, married first ^laggie Coop- 
wood, second ]\Iattie E. Moore. He had issue: ^William C. 
Polk, by first wife ; -Jessie Lee Forrest Polk : ^Frank Folk ; 
•^Allie L. Polk. William I. Polk resided in ^^lemphis, Tenn., 
and was engaged in the stock trade. 

(By his daughter, Miss Annie Polk, San Marcos, Texas.) 

Headley Polk's father was Shelby Polk and his mother, 
Winifred Colburn. of ^lecklenburg County. X. C. He was a 
grandson of Col. Thomas Polk, of South Carolina, and ?^larv 
(Shelby) Polk, grand-daughter of the famous General Evan 
Shelby, of Xorth Carolina. Headley's great grandfather was 
A\'illiam Polk, eldest son of \\'illiam Polk and Margaret Tay- 
lor, and brother of General Thomas, Capt. Ezekiel, Capt. 
Charles and Capt. John Polk, all of whom bore conspicuous 
parts in the struggle for Indepedence. 

Headlev Polk was born in Xorth Carolina Xov. 10, 1812, 

344 POLK F A M 1 L Y AND K I N S M E N 

and moved with his parents, when Init a child, to W'est Tenn- 
essee, then a new and undevehjped country, wliere he grew to 
manhood. He was born at a time when men were tested as 
to what sort they were. Having" hjst his father when young, 
Headley nobly assumed the responsibility of earning and pro- 
viding for the family, and though he had all his life longed to 
"go A\^est," he would not do so until he had secured his mother, 
brothers and sisters a home. 

On June 3, 1845, Headley was married to ]\Iiss Eliza Se- 
bastian, of Maury County, Tenn., and in the fall of the same 
year he moved to Texas, where he, as one of her noblest citi- 
zens, ever afterward identified himself with her interests. 
By his in(lomita])le energy and great perserverance he over- 
came the great olxstacles that he had encountered, and was a 
success in the commercial world. 

Notwithstanding he was about ninety-five years old when 
he died, Headley was strong in body and mind ; and while (juiet 
in his manners, his Christian life and walk exerted a power- 
ful infiuence upon all who knew him. His pastor, in speak- 
ing of him, said: 'Tt was a joy and an inspiration to be as- 
sociated with him." 


Respecting W'arnell Polk, who settled in Texas, and whose 
ancestry it was somewhat difficult to ascertain. Col. George \V. 
Polk, of San iVntonicj, says: "In a letter received from J. M. 
Sears, of San Marcos, this state, one of the family says: 'Your 
inquiry has been handed me b}' my uncle, Frank M. Polk, of 
Fentress. In reply I am sending you all the information that 
he knows in regard to hi< family. Warnell Polk, son of Tay- 
lor Polk, was born in Ark. Taylor Polk died when Warnell 
was seven years old ; his mother died four years later. After 
his mother's death W'arnell came to Texas and stopped in 
Bastrop County with Jim Weaver, but left him when fourteen 
years old and was taken by Dr. D. F. Brown, of Prairie Lea, 
Tex., and lived with Dr. Brown until he married Miss Irene 
Myers. Warnell \,. Polk and wife had eight children. Fol- 
lowing are their names in order, and present post office ad- 
dresses: ^Laura 0., married G. C. Eustace, fP. O. Luling) ; 



San Marcos, Tex., at 90 years old. 

i U 






-Frank A!., married Aliss M. A. Chamberlain (P. O. Fentress) ; 
3]\Iollie, married Lev. Watts (P. O. Dale), :^Ir. Watts died 
several years ago; ^Alclver, married B. E. Barber (P. O. Fen- 
tress) ; ■''Ida P., married J. Will Sears. Mr. and Airs. Sears are 
both dead; ^Ada L., married W. J. Blackwell. Airs. Black- 
well d. in 1S8S (P. O. W. J. Blackwell. Lockhart) ; 'C. W., 
married Aliss Annie Hampton (C. W. was killed in 1904) ; 
^Clara Virginia, married Charles P. Smith (P. O. Lockhart). 

348 'polk fa m I ly a n d kinsmen 



During the early part of the past century, a great many 
of the Polks emigrated to Western and Southwestern terri- 
tories and States, most of them going from Xorth and South 
Carolina and Tennessee. Nearly all of these, presumal^ly, 
have been located by the writer and placed in their proper 
positions on the family tree. A few, however, Ijy reason of 
failure on their part to preserve or to remember wIkj their 
great grand-parents were, now constitute detached liml)s. 
Various traditions, however, are rememberefl by them, and 
these traditions serve to indicate pretty accurately their re- 
lation to the parent stock. 

The principal of these detached branches, in point of the 
number of its members, appears to be located in Southeast 
Missouri, between Iron ^Mountain and the Arkansas line, all 
descended from one \\'illiam Wesley Polk, who is reputed to 
have gone to Missouri from Georgia. The first of these heard 
of by the writer w^as one William Polk, a Baptist preacher, 
during the early part of the Civil War, who was murdered by 
three Federal soldiers. In no border State of the Uninn was 
so much political bitterness manifested, or so many people 
ruthlessly murdered by guerilla bands, bushwackers, and other 
combatants, as in Missouri. In Southeast Missouri, particu- 
larly in the Ozark Range of mountains, these conditions ex- 
isted to a most alarming extent. 

Data relative to this branch was -procured from Capt. 
Charles K. Polk, of Iron County, a prominent and influential 
citizen who has filled several positions of honor and trust at 
the hands of his people. In response to enquiries by the 
writer, Capt, Charles K. Polk said : 

"I've long since been sure that the Pulk family sprung 
from one parent stock. I have never yet met a Polk l)ut what 
claimed a relation>hip with James K. Polk and Charles Polk, 
of Tennessee, comnvMilv known as "Devil Charlev." I am 


not ^^ure of my grandfather's name, but my impression is that 
it was William Wesley Polk. In talking to an old friend after 
my father's death, he referred to him (my grandfather) as 
Wesley Polk. I never saw him, as he died before I was born. 
He came from Georgia and settled in ^ladison County, Mo. 
He may have stopped in Tennessee awhile before he came to 
Missouri, but of this I am not sure. He had two sons and one 
daug'htgr. I have no knowledge of any others — John W.. the 
older, and William the younger, and the daughter Sarah. 
William was the Baptist preacher, of whom you heard when at 
I ronton during the war. Our family record was burned, and 
for that reason I cannot give dates of births, marriages and 

"^ly father, John A\'. Polk, married Christina Yount. She 
was German, American born. They had four children to live 
until grown and to marry and raise families, three daughters 
and one son. 

"Matilda, the eldest, married James ^McDowell. To them 
were born three sons. 'Mv. McDowell and one of the sons 
died, and she, with her two other sons, returned to her father's 
home, James the younger boy, died about the age of eighteen. 
John W. McDowell, the other, lived to be married to Flava 
Harris. The Harris family emigrated from Kentucky. John 
W. and Flava (Harris) ^IcDowell had two daughters, Ada 
and Matilda ^IcDowell. After this Matilda. James' wife, 
and her son John W. ^IcDowell died, and Flava. widow of the 
latter, with her two daughters, went to Oregon with the Harris 
family and settled near Summer Lake. Ada, the eldest, mar- 
ried Fred Foster and they live at Summer Lake. ]^IatilJa 
married William Barnes. 

•■Rebecca, second daughter of John W. Polk and Chris- 
tiana Yount. married Leroy Matkins. To this union was born 
fourteen children, six of whom survive. The oldest is \\ m. 
Matkin, of French ^lills, ^lo.. the second S. A. Matkin, of Ar- 
cadia, Mo.; the third James Leroy ^Litkin, of Arcadia; the 
fourth Mary Ann Dunn, of Grandon, ^lo. ; the fifth I'.enjamin 
L Matkin, of Arcadia ; the sixth Ira ^latkins, of Arcadia. 

"Talitha O. Polk, third daughter of John W. Polk and 
Christina (Yount) Polk, married John W. Miller, and both are 


dead. Two children survive them, George Miller, French 
Mills, Mo., and ]\Iary Simmons, of Brunot, of Wayne Co., ^lo. 

"Charles K. Polk, was born Oct. IG, 1S39. He was mar- 
ried Nov. 29, 1859 to Miss Sarah Christ, who died in 1860. On 
July 1, 1861 he enlisted in the Missouri State Guard for six 
months, to co-operate with the Confederates. A short time 
after the organization, the Second Lieutenant resigning, 
Charles was chosen in his place. At the expiration of six 
months they were disbanded at Pitman's Ferry, near Arkan- 
sas Line. He then re-enlisted in the Confederate States ser- 
vice, in a Cavalry Company, for a term of 'during the war.' 
At the organization of the company he was elected First 
Lieutenant. They were formed into a regiment of ten com- 
panies and designated as the Third Missouri Cavalry, Col. Col- 
ton Green commanding. Later they were assigned to General 
Marmaduke's Brigade. On Nov. 1. 1863, Capt. Surridge was 
elected Major and Lieut. Polk was promoted to Captain, 
shortly after Col. Solomon Kitchen was ordered to North 
Arkansas with twelve commissioned officers, Capt. Polk being 
one of the number, to collect stragglers left behind and to re- 
cruit others. While in North Arkansas on his duty, he be- 
came acquainted with one Wm. H. Polk, who had immigrated 
from Tennessee. His wife, also from Tennessee, was formerly 
Mary Emerson. Mrs. Polk had a sister-in-law, Rhoda Emer- 
son, who had one child, Corelia Emerson, and to the widow 
Rhoda, Capt. Polk was married in July. 1864. During the time 
he had recruited fifty men and Gen'l Sterling Price had com- 
menced his march from South of the Arkansas to Missouri. 
Capt. Polk rejoined the army, reporting to the regiment with 
the men he had recruited, and again took command of his 

With his command, Capt. Polk marched into ^lissouri 
with General Sterling Price, and took active part with him in 
an aggressive campaign in that State, extending to and North 
of the Missouri river, and westward to the Kansas Line. Suc- 
cessful battles took place at Pilot Knob and other points, but 
Price was forced to retreat back to Arkansas, finally surrender- 
ing his army in Louisiana, after Lee had surrendered at Ap- 
pomattox. Capt. Polk then rejoined his wife, in Randolph 


County, Ark., where he continued for two years. During that 
time two children were born to them : ^Christiana Lee, b. 
May 6, 18G6 ; -John William, b. Feb. 10, 1868. 

With this family, in March of the latter year, Capt. Polk 
returned to his old home in Iron County. !Mo., and rejoined 
his parents. 

For the benefit of his wife's health, he next removed to 
California, where, on Dec. 1-1, following, she died. On the 
same day, back in JMissouri. Capt. Polk's mother also died. 
In Nov. 1875 he again went back to the old home in Missouri, 
where he has ever since continued to live. 

On March 4, 1877, Capt. Polk took a third wife, Harriet 
Isabel Sharp. By his first wife, Sarah Christ, whom he mar- 
ried Nov. 29, 1859, he had no issue. By his second wife he 
had Christina Lee and John William Polk. By his third wife, 
Harriet Isabel Sharp, he had five girls and two boys, viz: 
^Charles Henry, b. ^larch 30, 1878; -Hattie Rebecca, b. Sept. 
11, 1880; ^Euseba Jane, b. Feb. 12, 1882; ^Thomas Benton, b. 
Feb. 8, 1884; ^Lula Belle, b. Feb. 20, 1885 ; ^'Annie Theodosia, b. 
July 15, 1887; "Laura Mae, b. Oct. 5, 1892. 

Christina Lee Polk, eldest child and daughter by Rhoda 
Emerson, married ]\Iay 6, 1890, to Lysander Ashlock. Issue: 
^Charles, b. 1891, now in U. S. Army; -John William, b. 1893; 
^Richard Payne, b. 1895; ^Irl Gerard, b. 1898; ^Joseph Henry, 
b. 1903; "^Frank Dumont, b. 1905; 'Bertha Alma, b. 19—. 
The family resides at Silver ]\Iine, ^lo. 

John William Polk, son of Capt. Chas. K. Polk, by his sec- 
ond wife, Rhoda Emerson, married Feb. 22, 1893, Laura Eliza 
]\Iiller and they had issue: ^\rchie Elmer, b. 1894; -Effie 
Lorene. b. 1896 ; ^Raymond Otto, b. 1900 ; ^Carrie Edna, b. 1902. 
John A\'illiam Polk was elected Sheriff of Iron County, in 
1902 and again in 1904. While attempting to arrest an out- 
law, named William Spaugh. he was shot and killed by an- 
other Spaugh. No people, it is said by the citizens of Iron 
County, ever had a better or more popular officer than John 
William Polk. 

Charles Henry Polk, son of Capt. Charles K. Polk. b. 
March 30, 1878, joined the Baptist church, studied for the 

352 P LK F A M I L Y A N D KINS M E N 

ministry and was ordained in 19im). He was elected a Renre- 
sentative to the Legislature in IDnii and re-elected in 190S. He 
resides at Spring-field, Alo. 

Hattie Rebecca Polk, fourth child of Capt. Chas. K. Polk, 
b. Sept. 11. 18SU. married Feb. 1. 190G. Wm. L. Boatmer, of 
Arcadia, Mo. 

Euseba Jane Polk, fifth child of Capt. Chas. K. Polk. b. 
Feb. 1-?. 1882, married May 2, 1909, Oliver Lesley Yount. of 
Ironton, ]\Io. 

Thomas Benton Polk. Jr., sixth child of Capt. Chas. K. 
Polk. b. Feb. 8. 1884, is unmarried and lives at the old home- 

Lula Belle Polk, seventh child of Capt. Chas. K. Polk, b. 
Feb. 20. 1885, married April 19, 1908, Francis Otto Thomas, of 
Granite City, 111. 

Annie Theodosia Polk, eighth child of Capt. Chas. K. 
Polk, b. July 15, 188T, is unmarried. 

Laura ]\Iae Polk, youngest child of Capt. Chas. K. Polk, 
b. Oct. 5, 1892, is unmarried. 

John W. Polk, Sr., eldest son of William Wesley Polk, 
also represented Madison County in the [Missouri Legislature 
several terms, in one of which he secured the passage of a bill 
through the House erecting Iron County out of a part of ^ladi- 
son. He was also elected member of the State Senate for one 
or two terms. Altogether, he served in public life for twenty- 
two years. 

Sarah Polk, (mly daughter of William Wesley Polk, mar- 
ried a Mr. Williams and they located at Fort Smith. Ark. Be- 
fore the Civil War they resided at ( )zark. ]\Io. Their descen- 
dants are untraced. 

AA'illiam Polk, second child and son of A\'illiam AA'e-ley 
Polk, was a Baptist preacher and lived in Madison and Iron 
Counties before the Civil AA'ar. When quite a young man he 
was married to Miss Maiy Sharp and to them were born six 
children : 

William Polk. 1). , (first child and son of Rev. Wm. 

P(ilk). married Miss Eueeba Hammonds and had six children, 
four of whom are dead. The two living are Thos. B. Polk, of 


St. Louis, a prominent real estate and insurance man ; md 
v^arah Jane, wife of John Sharp, of Flat River, ^lo. 

Thomas Benton Polk, b. , (second son of Rev. W'm. 

Polk), was also a soldier in the Confederate Army. Return- 
ing home after the war, he married Mrs. Jane Irwin, and to 
them were born two sons while in Missouri, William and ]\iar- 
tin. Thomas Benton and family then removed to California, 
where four more children were born to them, ^Ernest, -Julia, 
"Thomas and ^Etta. ]\Iartin, Julia and Etta were married. 
Martin's wife died about 19(1."). He is a Civil Engineer and re- 
sides at Chico, Butte Co.. California. 

James K. Polk, b. , (third child and son of Rev. W'm. 

Polk and wife Mary (Sharp) Polk), was also a Confederate 
soldier, and resided in Texas County, Mo., where he died. He 
had several children, l)Ut their names have not been secu/ed. 
His widow and children still live in Texas County. 

Trusten Balam Polk. b. . of Arcadia, 3>Io.. (fourth child 

and son of Rev. W'm. Polk), married Fannie Blanton and they 
had issue: ^Hattie; -Flava ; "William; ^Lee; ^James ; -'Mil- 
dred ; 'Edgar ; '^Elmer. 

Serena Polk, 1). , (fifth child of Rev. Wm. Polk), mar- 
ried Plartford Hammonds. To them a son was born, and the 
father removed with his child to Kentucky after his wife's 

Fannie Polk, b. , (sixth and youngest child of Rev. 

Wm. Polk), married William Blanton and they removed to 
Cohasset, Cal. Issue unknown. 

Rev. William Polk was prominent during his life, l)oth as 
a citizen and as a member and leading minister of the Baptist 
church in Missouri. He was one of the organizers of Bethel 
Associates of United Baptists, the oldest Baptist Association 
in the State, organized when ^Missouri was a territory, almost 
a century ago. Ever since that time he had many of hi.- kins- 
men have been active and influential members of the Associa- 
tion. There was scarcely a pulpit in Southeast and Southern 
Missouri that he did not fill at some time, the earnestness of 
his discourses always attracting large audiences, and nu tran.s- 


action of the Civil War was more heinous and unprovoked than 
that which ended by astrocious murder, the life of this good 


The chaotic and troublous times that prevailed in Missouri 
during- the Civil War, wdien vindictiveness and revenge were 
rampart on all sides among those holding opposite political 
opinions, has already been alluded to. Hundreds of murders 
were committed and among these atrocities was the murder 
of Rev. William Polk, second son of William Wesley Polk, by 
three Federal soldiers. He lived about eight miles south of 
Ironton, and on meeting the assassins in uniform, they pro- 
ceeded to rob him and then informed him that they were go- 
ing to kill him, and asked if he wanted to pray first. He saw 
their purpose was to kill him, and in reply said that he had 
"long before made his peace with God. but he would pray for 
them." He fell upon his knees, and while asking God to for- 
give them they shot him in the back, killing him instantly. 





Charles Polke, the Indian Trader, who for a number of 

years in the forepart of the eighteenth century engaeed 


trade with the Indians, at his store located at the North Bend 
of the Potomac River, in Frederick County, Maryland, was 
the progenitor of a vigorous and adventurous family that cross- 
ed the Alleghanies after the Indian barrier to the Ohio V'alley 
had been removed by the battle of Point Pleasant in October, 
ITT-i. Descending the Ohio with their families to Kentucky, 
they planted new homes in the wilderness. Some of them re- 
mained in Kentucky the Ijalance of their lives, but others 
moved on to Indiana, Illinois, ^Missouri and sections still fur- 
ther to the West and Southwest. So steadily progressive was 
the march of these Polks that in time they reached the Pacific 
and the Gulf of [Mexico, where many of the latest generation 
now reside. 

Charles Polk, the Indian Trader, judging from data pro- 
cured concerning him, was one of the two eldest sons of 
\\'illiam Polk, Sr., (second son of Robert and Magdalen Polk) 
by his first wife, Xancy Knox, said to have been a sister of 
Joanna Knox, second wife of John Polk, Sr., eldest son of the 
immigrants. Another son of William Polk. Sr., by the same 
wife, as the proof adduced indicates, was that \\'illiam Polk 
who went from Maryland to Carlisle, Pa., where he married 
Margaret Taylor and moved thence to North Carolina about 
1750 and became the progenitor of the Southern branch of the 
Polk family, which has produced many illustrious sons and 
daughters. William died west of the Yadkin, a few years after 
going to North Carolina. 

These sons, Charles and William, by the first wife of 
William Polk 1st. appear to have attained manhood before 
their father's second marriage ; to have been allotted their re- 
spective portions of his estate, and then to have turned their 
faces to other fields for the exploitation of their talents. 

356 POL K F A M I LY AND K I A' S M E N 

Charles, after leaving his father's house, proceeded to the 
North Bend of the Potomac, on the Alaryland frontier, where 
he built a trading house and residence and for a number of 
years engaged in trade with the Indians, being known as 
"Charles Polk, the Indian Trader." Here he lived and car- 
ried on business until his death in 1753. leaving a widow and 
six children. He was born in Somerset County, Md., 1700 to 
1710, and his brother William just before or after him. 

In his will Charles calls his wife "Christian." It is be- 
lieved that her family name was Matson, and that she was a 
sister of Ralph Matson. who was co-executor with her of the 
w^ill of Charles, made the same year in which he died. 

Charles Polk's trading store was one of the principal es- 
tablishments of that kind on the frontier. In Gist's Journal, 
p. 140, we find that "Charles Polk's name appears in the list of 
Indian Traders in 17;U" (Colonial Archives, Vol. 1, p. 425). 
On ]\Iayo's Map of 1737 his name is marked, with those of four 
other settlers, at the North I^end of the Potomac, where Han- 
cock, Maryland now stan'ds. (Also see Colonial Records of 
Pennsylvania, Vol. 5, p. 7G0). 

Charles Polk and Christian, his wife, were married about 
1735, presumabl_y in Somerset County, but of the exact local- 
ity of that event, we have no positive proof. In his will of 
1753, the six children of Charles and Christian Polk appear 
as follows: ^Sarah. b. 1730; nVilliam. b. 1738; ^Edmond, b. 
1740; •^Thomas, b. 1742; -^Capt. Chas., 1). Feb. 2, 1744; «John, 
b. 1746. 


In the name of God Amen. 

The nineteenth day of March in the year of our Lord One 
thousan'd Seven hundred and fifty-three. I. Chas. Polk of 
Maryland and County of Frederick farmer being very sick and 
weak in body but of perfect mind and memory thanks be given 
unto God therefor calling to mind the Mortality of my Body 
and knowing that it is appointed for all men once to die do 
make and ordain this my last Will and Testament, that is to 
say princi])ally and first of all I give and recommend my soul 



into the Hands of God that gave it, for my Body I recommend 
it to the Earth to be buried in a Christianlike and decent man- 
ner at the discretion of mv Executors, nothino- doubtine but 
at the General resurrection I shall receive the same aeain bv 
the Mighty Power of God, and as touching- such wordly es- 
tate wherewith it hath pleased God to bless me with in this 
Life I give devise and dispose of the same in the following 
manner and form. 

Imprimis. It is my Will and I do order that in the first 
place all my just delfts and funeral charges be paid and satis- 

Item. I give and bequeath unto Christian, my dearly be- 
loved wife, the third part of all my movables and the use of the 
Plantation as long as she remains a widow, and if she should 
marry then the Plantation to be sold and disposed of as fol- 
loweth : 

Item. I give unto my well beloved son AMlliam his horse 
and saddle as he claims now to be his own and his equal share 
of my Plantation when sold, and it is my desire it should be 
equally divided among my five sons and one daughter, that is 
to say William my eldest son, and Edmond my second son, 
and Thomas my third son, and Charles my fourth son, and 
John my fifth son, and Sarah my daughter. And it is my de- 
sire if any of my children should die before they should come 
of age then their part to be equally divided between the rest 
of my children. 

It is my desire that if my Executors sees proper to send 
my sons to treads that they should do it. and appoint my be- 
loved wife and Ralph Matson to be my sole Executors of this 
my Last A\'ill and Testament Ratifying and Confirming this to 
be my Last A\'ill and Testament. In Avitness whereof I have 
hereunto set mv hand and seal the day and year above riten. 

Charles Polke. (Seal). 

Signed, sealed, published and declared by the said Charles 
Polk as his last Will and Testament in the presence of us the 
Henry Stewart. 
John Tictin, 
Willaim Gilliland. 


On the back of the foregoing will was thus written, viz: 
June the 20, 1753, John Tictin and William Gilliland two of 
the subscribers to the within Will being solemnly sworn on 
the holy Evangels of Almighty God depose and say that they 
saw the testator Charles Polk sign the v\^ithin as his last Will 
and Testament and heard him publish and declare the same 
to be such and at the time so doing he was to the best of their 
appprehensions of sound disposing mind and memory & John 
Tictin declares that Harry Stewart subscribed his name at tlie 
same time as a witness to the within Will and that they sever- 
ally subscribed their names thereto at the request and in the 
presence of the Testator. Taken before 

J. Darnall, 
D. Com'sy of Fred. Coty. 

The above will was recorded in the Orphans Court, Anne 
Arundel Co., Md. in D. B. No. 7, folio 49^—1751-4. 

A careful perusal of the foregoing will shows that the per- 
son who drew up the document, in the first paragraph wrote 
the name Polk, but Charles himself signed his name Polke. 
The certificates of probate, made by J. Darnall, Deputy Com- 
missary, also has it the latter w^ay. This diversity further il- 
lustrates the carelessness with which the name was written in 
early times, especially by ofificial scribes or copyists. 

From the will of Charles, it is plain that at the time of his 
death, between March 19th and June 20th. 1753, none of his 
children had likely attained to their majority, but Sarah and 
William were probably almost grown, about seventeen and 
fifteen years respectively. 

After the father's death the family no doubt continued 
for some years to reside on the home plantation and the sons 
to carry on their father's trading business. Their transac- 
tions with the Indians, purchasing furs, for which they gave 
in exchange other goods, no doubt gave them an extended ac- 
quaintance with the savages ; an acquaintance that in later 
years seems to have been of great value to Capt. Charles Polke 
when he rescued his family from captivity, with the aid of 
Simon Girty, the "White Indian." No doubt it was at the 
North Bend that Charles and Simon first met, during such 
trading. Later they scouted together around Fort Pitt, after 
Charles had settled on Cross Creek. 



In IT 74, Chas. Polk, Jr., was living on Cross Creek, Vir- 
ginia, (now West Virginia) about sixteen miles from the Ohio 
river, where Wellsville is now situated. While living there 
a transaction occurred that set the frontier ablaze with excite- 
ment and brought on what is known in history as "Dunmore's 
War." This transaction was the infamous, unprovoked and 
inhuman murder of a party of Indians, both men and women, 
by a band of Christian White Savages, led by one Daniel 
Greathouse, who later settled in Kentucky. Like the atrocious 
murder of the Christian Indians at Gnadenhutton, on the 
Muskingum, in March lv82 by Col. Williamson and party from 
Pa., the act of Greathouse and companions deserves the exe- 
cration of mankind. The Indians were first made drunk by 
Greathouse and then ruthlessly killed. 


In Thomas Jefiferson's "Xotes on \^irginia," where he 
speaks of the infamous conduct of Greathouse and party, he 
introduces the certificate of Capt. Charles Polke relative to 
that event. In the Appendix to his Notes, p. 26, appears the 
following : 

"The certificate of Charles Polke, of Shelby County, in 
Kentucky, communicated by Hon. Judge Innes of Kentucky; 
who, in the letter enclosing it, together with Newland's certi- 
ficate, and his own declaration of the information given him 
by Baker, says: I am acquainted with Jacob Newland, he is 
a man of integrity. Charles Polke and Joshua Baker both sup- 
port respectable characters. 

Judge Innis, of Frankfort, stated that he had met on the 
road, November 14, 1799, Joshua Baker, who stated that the 
murder of the Indians was perpetrated at his house, in 1TT4, 
by thirty-two men led by Daniel Greathouse. That twelve 
were killed and six or eight wounded. Among the slain wa-^ a 
sister and other relatives of the Indian Chief Logan. 

Baker says Capt. Michael Cresap was not of the party. 
That two davs before, two Indians on their way home were 


killed by Cresap and a party of land improvers on the Ohio. 
He had the information from Cresap." 

The Certificate. 

"About the latter end of April, or beginning of May, 1774, 
I lived on the waters of Cross Creek, about sixteen miles from 
Joshua Baker, who lived on the Ohio, opposite the mouth of 
Yellow Creek. A number of persons collected at my house 
and proceeded to the said Baker's and murdered several 
Indians, among whom was a woman said to be the sister of 
the Indian Chief Logan. The principal leader of the party 
was Daniel Greathouse. To the best of my recollection, the 
cause which gave rise to the murder was a general idea that 
the Indians were meditating an attack on the frontiers. Capt. 
Michael Cresap was not of the party ; l)ut I recollect that some- 
time before the perpetration of the above fact, it was currently 
reported that Capt. Cresap had murdered some Indians on the 
Ohio, some distance below Wheeling?'-" 

Certified by me, an inhabitant of Shelby County, and State 
of Kentucky, the 15th day of November, 1799." 


Just before the perpetration of their infamous deed Great- 
house and party, by agreement met at the house of Capt. 
Charles Polke, but Polk took no part in the bloody work. Leav- 
ing 'his house, they passed down to the Ohio on murder bent. 
Arriving there, they procured a lot of whiskey and enticed a 
boatload of Indians across from the South side, getting them 
drunk and then falling upon and butchering them. 

Among those slain was a sister of Logan the Mingo Chief, 
who had long been known as "The White Man's Friend." 
After this infamous transaction, however. Logan ceased to be 
a friend of the white man. He took up the hatchet, joined 
his followers with the tribes under Chief Cornstalk, and the 
fnmtier families suffered a bloody penalty for Greathouse's 

Governor Dunmore called in the surveyors in Kentucky 
sending Daniel Boone and Michael Stoner to warn them, and 
on October 10, 1774, after a fiercely contested battle, the em- 
bittered sa\agc- under Cornstalk were defeated at the mouth 



of the Kenawha by an army of riflemen under Col. Andrew 

The tide of emigration to Kentucky set in strong- the 
following year (1775) and Mrginia deputy surveyors who had 
been called back 'home in 177-i, returned to their work in the 
West, reinforced by others. 

Capt. Polk, at his home on Cross Creek, grew restive and 
determined to follow the tide. He had a wife and two children 
and with them, his sister Sarah Piety and her children, his 
brothers, William, Edmond and Thomas, reinforced by quite 
a party of friends and neighbors, set out in the Spring of 1780 
for Kentucky, the party traveling together in flatUoats. 

A sharp lookout for Indians was kept as. they descended 
the Ohio, but in due time they reached Louisville and land- 
ed. For a short time they sojourned at the station of Col. Wm. 
Linn. Proceeding south from there, Capt. Polk and party 
located on Simpson Creek, in the present Xelson County. 
Shortly afterward he b^^ilt a station of his own, not far from 
Kincheloe's Station, the latter the principal defense in the 
neighborhood, and placed his family in it for greater security. 

Indian forays into that part of Kentucky from the \\'a- 
bash tribes of Indians, were quite frequent during that and 
the two following years. But Capt. Polk's family escaped 
serious molestation until the early part of September, 1782, 
when a squad of Wabash Indians, said to be returning from 
the slaughter of Kentuckians at the Blue Licks, just after 
the siege of Bryan's Station, near Lexington, appeared in 
that section. 

On the approach of the savages. Col. John Floyd ordered 
out a scouting party of militia to scour the country. Of this 
party was Capt. Charles Polk. Some of these scouts were 
from Kincheloe's and some from Cox's and other nearby sta- 
tions. The inhabitants at Kincheloe's consisted of six or seven 
families. After scouring the country for several days, and 
finding no savages, the militia, on September 1st, were dis- 
banded and returned to their homes, those from Kincheloe's 
arriving at home late in the evening and retiring to rest. Capt. 
Polk, wife and four children were among those in this station 
at the time, but he had not yet arrived, being detained by signs 
of attack on a neighboring station. 




Richard Collins, the Kentucky historian, under the head 
of Spencer County, p. 724, describing this event at some length, 
among other statements, says : 

"There had been no alarm at Kincheloe's during the ab- 
sence of the men, and upon reaching home late in the evening, 
greatly fatigued and without apprehension of danger, they 
retired to rest. At the dead hour of the night, when the in- 
mates of the station were wrapped in most profound sleep, the 
Indians made a simultaneous attack upon the cabins of the 
Station, and, breaking open the doors, commenced an indis- 
criminate massacre of men, women and children. The uncon- 
scious sleepers were awakened but to be cut down, or to be- 
hold their friends fall by their side. A few only, availing 
themselves of the darkness of the night, escaped the tomahawk 
or captivity. Among those who affected their escape, was 
Mrs. Davis, whose husband was killed, and another woman 
whose name is not given. They fled to the woods, where they 
were fortunately joined by a lad by the name of Ash, who con- 
ducted them to Cox's Station." 

After relating the trials and exciting experiences of several 
other families during the attack, some being slain and others 
escaping, the historian goes on to say: "Several women and 
children were cruelly put to death after they were made pris- 
oners, on the route to the Indian towns. On the second day 
of her captivity, Mrs. Bland, one of the prisoners, made her 
escape into the bushes. Totally unacquainted with the sur- 
rounding country, and destitute of a guide, for eighteen suc- 
cessive days she rambled through the woods, without seeing 
a human face, without clothes, and subsisting upon sour grapes 
and green walnuts, until she became a walking skeleton. On 
the eighteenth day she was accidently discovered and taken 
to Linn's Station, where, from kind attention and careful 
uursing, her health and strength were soon restored. 

"The situation of Mrs. Polk, another prisoner, with four 



children, was almost as pitiable as that of Mrs. Bland. She 
was far advanced in a state of pregnancy and compelled to 
walk until she became almost incapable of motion. She was 
then threatened with death, and the tomahawk brandished 
over her head by one Indian, when another, who saw it. beooed 
her life, took her under his care, mounted her on a horse with 
two of the children, and conducted her safely to Detroit. 
Here she was purchased by a British trader, well treated, and 
enabled to write her husband, who was absent at the time of 
her capture. 

On the receipt of her letter, the husband immediately re- 
paired to Detroit, obtained his wife and five children, and re- 
turned with them safely to Kentucky. After the peace of the 
succeeding- year, the remainder of the prisoners were also 
liberated and returned home." 

The four children of Capt. Charles Polk, captured at 
Kincheloe's with their mother, were: \\'illiam. aged seven; 
Elizabeth, aged five ; Sally, aged two ; and Xancy, aged one 
year. A second son, Charles, was b. at Detroit shortly after 
Mrs. Polk arrived there. After the return to Kentucky from 
Detroit, seven more children. Christiana, Edward, Eleanor, 
]Mary. Thomas. Robert Tyler, and one that died unnamed in 
infancy, were born to Capt. Charles Polk and wife. 

Captain Polk, while living in Mrginia. at Cross Creek, 
near the Ohio, was married in the winter 1TT4-5 to Delilah 
Tyler, a sensible, courageous and self-reliant maiden of that 
vicinity. One tradition is that she belonged to the Mrginia 
Tyler family that gave to the United States. President John 
Tyler, but of this we have no positive prouf. At the date of 
their marriage. Charles Polk was aged thirty and Delilah 
nineteen years, and their two oldest children, William and 
Elizabeth, were born there, before they concluded to emigrate 
to Kentucky. 

There is a family tradition that Charles Polk was at I'.rad- 
dock's Defeat, July 9, 1T55, but he could not have been there 
as a soldier when he was but ten or eleven years of age. If 
he was present, it must have been as a driver of cattle for the 
commissary department, a duty that a boy of his age could 
very well perform. 


In a letter to the writer, of date June 5, 1876, from Wm. A. 
Polk, of OaktoAvn, Indiana he distinctly states that his great- 
grandfather, "Capt. Charles Polke was born in IT-ii or 45 and 
was at Braddock's Defeat." Also that "he was a first cousin of 
Ezekiel Polk, who was the grandfather of James K. Polk." 
This is additional proof that Charles and William (the latter 
of whom married Margaret Taylor at Carlisle) were brothers, 
for their children would be first cousins. 

This persistent assertion that Ezekiel and Capt. Chas. 
Polk were cousins has come to the author from several 
branches of the Polks, who "got it from their grandparents," 
they all say. 

It may also be noted that Capt. Bland W. Ballard, who 
was born near Fredricksburg, Va., October 16, 1761. and died 
in Shelby County, Kentucky, September 5, 1853, aged ninety- 
two years, married a sister of Edward Tyler, father of Capt. 
Charles Polk's wife. Capt. Ballard was a very distinguished 
Indian fighter in Kentucky's pioneer days. He landed at 
Louisville in 1779, Avhen eighteen years of age, joined the 
militia, was in nearly every conflict with the savages, and took 
part in Wayne's defeat of the hostile tribes at Fallen Tim- 
bers, an event that terminated the Indian War. 

From the will of Charles Polk, the Indian Trader, and 
from other data, we have approximated the dates of birth of 
his children, Sarah, AA'illiam, Edmond, Thomas, Capt. Charles, 
and John. From the family bibles and data of Capt. Charles' 
branch, we learn the followinsf concernino- his own familv. 


Charles Polke was born Feb. 2, 1745. in Frederick County, 
Maryland. He died in Knox County, Indiana, September 11, 
1823, aged 79 years. 

Delilah Tyler, wife of Capt. Charles Polke, was born in 
Virginia, February 10, 1755. She died in Nelson County, Ken- 
tucky, June 7, 1797. She was a daughter of Edward Tyler 
and his wife Nancy (Langley) Tyler, of Virginia. A sister 
of Delilah, Priscilla, married Abner Dunn. Capt. Charles 
Polk and Delilah Tyler were married in Virginia during the 
winter of 1774-5, and they had issue: 


(IJ William, b. Sept. 19, 1T75, d. April 26, 1843, in iiSSe^ ^^ 
County, Ind. 

(2) Elizabeth, b. about 1T7T, d. in Knox County, Ind. 

(3) Sarah (Sally), b. Sept. 9, 1T80, d. Sept. 2, ISIS. in Knox 

(4) Nancy, b. about 1781, d. , in Indiana.' 

(5) Charles, b. in captivity at Detroit, Oct. 20, 1T82, d. 
, 1847. 

((3) Christiana, b. Nov. 12, 1784, d. , 1850. at "Wood- 
side," Jackson County, Mo. 

(7j Edward, b. , 178G, killed in 1814 in the army. 

(8) Eleanor, b. , 1788, d. . in Indiana. 

(9) Mary (Polly) b. , 1790, d. . '' 

(10) Dr. Thomas, b. Feb. 21, 1792, d. Feb. 7, 1872, at Gon- 
zales, Tex. 

(11) Robert Tyler, b. about 1796, d. in 1844, aged 47 years. ' 

(12) A son, b. and d. in June, 1797. just before the death 
of his mother, Delilah. 

From the foregoing it will be seen that Delilah Polk died 
at the comparatively early age of forty-two years, after giving 
birth to twelve children, most of whom became noted in their 
day and time. 


Sarah Polke, married Austin Piety, about 1763, as they 
had four children, Elizabeth, Xancy, Sarah and Thomas, the 
youngest born Dec. 1770 at Fort Pitt. Austin Piety, it is said, 
was an officer in the British Army and a man of large wealth, 
a son of Thomas Piety, of Lancastershire, England. 

After emigrating to Kentucky, Airs. Sarah Polke Piety 
resided with her daughter, Mrs. Benjamin Cox, and her grand- 
daughter. Mrs. James Ballard, until the time of her death in 

Of the four Piety children, the eldest, Elizabeth Piety, 
married a Mr. McDonald; the second, Xancy Piety, married 
a Mr. Massey, descendants of these not ascertained. The 
fourth child, Thomas, b. Dec. 1770, married Miss Mary Dun- 
can, Aug. 7, 1792, and d. May 17, 1835. His wife Mary Duncan 
was b. Xov. 25, 1774, and d. 1836. They lived near Shelby- 

365 P O LK F A M 1 LV A N D K I X S M E N 

ville, Ky., until after the birth of their last child, then removed 
to Sullivan County, Indiana, and later, in 181-i, to Knox Coun- 
ty. Both died there and were buried at old Maria Creek Bap- 
tist church, about fifteen miles north of Vincennes. They 
had twelve children, viz: 

Austin Piety, b. Aug. ID, 1793 ; d. . 

Elizabeth Piety, b. Dec. 10, IT!)!; d. . 

James D. Piety, b. May 1, l?9(j ; d. . 

Sarah Piety, b. April (J, 1798 ; d. . 

Robert Piety, b. March 22, ISOO; d. . 

Thomas Piety, b. May K), ISOl ; d. . 

Margaret Piety, b. Jan. 8, 18U3 ; d. 

Samuel D. Piety, b. June 27, 1804; d. . 

Nancy Piety, b. Jan. 11, 1807 ; d. . 

William D. Piety, b. March 19, 1808; d. . 

Susan D. Piety, b. Nov. 16, 1811; d. . 

Polly Piety, b. Feb. 28, 1813, d. . 

Sarah Piety, (third child of Austin Piety, and his wife 
Sarah Police), is supposed to have been born about 17(59, and 
married about 1783 Benjamin Cox, who was born in 17G7 
and was killed by Indians at the mouth of Indian Creek in 
1823. He was only sixteen years of age, and she but 14, at the 
time of their marriage. They had eleven children, viz: 

Elizabeth Cox, b. , 1784, d. Nov. , 1838 ; married 

first Joseph Simpson, second Samuel Miller. 

Sarah Piety Cox, b. Jan. 9, 1785, d. Jan. 11, 18(30; d. s. p. 

Susannah Cox, b. Sept. 27, 1785, d. July 21, 1858; married 
Col. James Ballard, of Shelby County, Aug. 2, 1803. 

Gabriel Squire Cox, b. Aug. 7, 1789, d. Nov. 27, 1836; 
married Nancy Gaston (1815-1863). 

Isaac Cox, b. , d. . 

Joseph Cox, b. , d. , 1862 ; d. s. p. single. 

Jonathan P. Cox, b. Feb. 18, 1797, d. Feb. , 1874 ; mar- 
ried Rachel Lemen Tigert, March 6, 1817. 

Austin Piety Cox, b. , 1799, d. , 1861. 

John C. Cox, b. , 1801, d. , 1878; married Eliza 

Garrett, Feb. 18, 1830. 

Benjamin F. Cox, b. , d. , 1887 ; married Eliza- 
beth Shepherd. 



Fiiietta A. Cox, b. , 1807, d. Oct. 11, ls;2 ; married 

Elbridge Arnold, Dec. 6, 1831. 

Susannah, (third child of Benjamin Cox and wife Sarah 
Piety), b. Sept. 27, 1785, d. July 31, 1858, married Aug. 2, 1803, 
Col. James Ballard, of Shelby County, Ky. James Ballard 
was b. Aug. 15, 1763 in Spottsylvania County, Va., and d. on 
his farm near Shelbyville, Ky., March 26, 1849. He was a 
son of Bland Ballard, Jr., who w^as killed in an Indian massa- 
cre near Shelbyville, Ky., in 1788, and a brother of Alaj. Bland 
W. Ballard, the celebrated Indian fighter. He had been pre- 
viously married and by his first wife had a number of chil- 
dren. By his second wife, Susannah Cox, he had ten children, 
viz : 

Elizabeth Ballard, h. June 16, 1804, d. Aug. 9, 1839; mar- 
ried May 9, 1822, Robert Gregory, Shelby County, Ky., who 
died about 184:0, leaving three sons, the eldest of whom re- 
cently died in St. Louis. ]\Io. 

Benjamin Ballard, b. Jan. 1, 1806, married twice and lived 
in Shelby County, Ky., until 1836, when he removed to Green 
County, Ind., where he d. Oct. 4, 1844, leaving seven children. 

Paulina Ballard, b. July 19, 1807; married first her cousin, 
Benjamin C. Simpson, and afterwards Archibald Collings, and 
d. Oct. 4, 1881, in Nelson County, Ky., the mother of nine 

Thomas J. Ballard, b. Jan. 19, 1809, d. a bachelor, Nov. 10, 
1852, in Shelbyville, Ky. 

Sarah Piety Ballard, b. ^lay 12, 1810, d. unmarried Oct. 10, 
1834, in Shelbyville, Ky. 

William Henry Harrison Ballard, b. Oct. 29, 1812, twice 
married, and d. April 5, 1891, on his farm in Shelby County, 
Ky., the father of seven children. 

Andrew Jackson Ballard, b. Sept. 22, 1815. His descen- 
dants are given below. 

Barnett Ballard, b. Nov. 26, 1816, d. April 27, 1834. Whilst 
a cadet at the U. S. Military Academy at West Point, N. Y., 
he stood at the head of his class, and was a great favorite, 
his class mates erecting a monument over his grave at Shelby- 
ville, Ky. 

Bland Ballard, b. Sept. 4, 1819, d. July 29, 1879. He was 
one of the leading members of the Louisville Bar. At the out- 


break of the Civil War he was a staunch L'nidii man, and was 
appointed by I'resident Lincohi as Judge ui the U. S. District 
Court for the District of Kentucky. During those strenuous 
times he administered justice with absolute impartiality re- 
gardless of personal danger in which he often stood, and lived 
to command the love and respect of all, some of his warmest 
friends being those who were opposed to him politically. He 
married Dec. K!, 1846, Aliss Sarah McDowell, of Louis\-ille, 
Ky., by whom he had six children, and d. July 2U, 1879. 
Josephus Ballard, the youngest child, 1). Oct. 2'A, 182;5, d. in 
infancy, Feb. 11», 182-i. 

Andrew Jackson Ballard, (son of James Ballard and his 
wife Susannah Cox), b. 1815, in Shelby County, Ky., was one 
of the leading members of the Louisville Bar, and at the out- 
break of the Civil War was a staunch Union man, and was 
appointed by President Lincoln, Clerk of the U. S. Circuit and 
District Courts for Kentucky which position he resigned in 
1870 ; was at one time member of the Kentucky Legislature and 
declined a renomination. He married on April 27, 1848 Miss 
Frances Ann Thruston, of Louisville, Ky., by whom he had 
five children. He d. Aug. 17, 188.5. His children were: 

Charles Thruston Ballard, 1). June ;'), 1850. Is one of the 
most prominent business men of the City of Louisville. He 
married April 24, 1878, Miss Emilina Modeste (Mina) Breaux, 
of Xew Orleans, La., by whom he had eight children, five of 
whom are still living. 

Bland Ballard, b. Oct. 29, 1851, d. Aug. 15, 1852. 

Abigail Churchill Ballard, b. June 24, 1853, d. in Mentone, 
France, April 2, 1874, on the threshold of womanhood. 

Samuel Thruston Ballard, b. Feb. 11, 1855. One of the 
most prominent men of the city of Louisville. He married 
Jan. 25, 1883, Miss Sunshine Harris:, by whom he had four 
children, only one of whom is now living. 

Rogers Clark Ballard, b. Nov. G, 1858, adopted his mother's 
family name of Thruston, by order of the Fayette County 
iKy.) Court, on Oct. 27, 1884. He was for some years Assis- 
tant on the Kentucky Geological Survey, and has devoted 
most of his time to scientific and historical subjects. He is a 
bachelor and resides near Louisville, Ky. 



Louisville, Ky., Descendant of Capt. Charles Polk. 

"the NEW YORK] 




Capt. Charles Polk, having served as an officer in the fron- 
tier militia, while residing in Virginia, on arrival in Kentucky 
in 1780, at once took rank among his friends and neighbors 
as a man of high courage and capacity, tilling responsible civic 
and military positions in Kentucky, and later, also in Indiana, 
after he removed there in 180S. He was chosen as the first 
Representative from the County of Breckinridge, in the Ken- 
tucky Legislature, 1806-7, and immediately after the expira- 
tion of his term, followed his sons to Indiana Territory, where 
he became prominent in public affairs, under General William 
Henry Harrison. He settled in Knox County, near Mn- 
cennes. Here he lived the balance of his days, active in all 
that concerned the people, until his death in September 1823. 

The last regular session of the territorial legislature of 
Indiana was held at Corydon, in December 1815. On the llith 
a memorial was adopted praying Congress for authority to 
form a constitution and State government, which prayer was 
granted on April IGth, 1816, and approved by the President. 
In accordance therewith, an election was held to choose mem- 
bers of a convention to form a State Constitution. Two of 
the five members from Knox County chosen to this convention 
were \\'illiam Polke and Benjamin Polke ; and from the county 
of Perry the single representative was Charles Polke. The 
latter was a son of Edmond Polk, brother of Capt. Charles, and 
was born in 1782. Three of the Polks, therefore, helped to 
formulate and adopt the first constitution of Indiana. 

Born on the frontier of Maryland, and taking part in the 
exciting transactions of his day, during the great struggle be- 
tween the Red Men and Anglo-Saxon invaders of their do- 
main, Capt. Charles Polk was schooled to hardships and dan- 
gers that would have deterred men of a less resolute and ener- 
getic character. His acquaintance with the Indian character 
began in childhood, while his father was an Indian trader at 
the North Bend of the Potomac, and his whole life was de- 
voted, in a greater or lesser degree, to Indian transactions and 
experiences. His association with Simon Girty, at Fort Pitt, 
before the Revolution, established between them a friendship 
which later served him well in the recovery of his wife and chil- 
dren from capture. That act of Girty's, in behalf of Capt. 


Polk, constitutes one of the few humane acts known to have 
been done toward the whites b}' the "Frontier Butcher." 


Charles Polk the Indian trader, being long associated 
with the Indians in the capacity of a trader, learned to speak 
their language fluently, as is attested by Capt. Christopher 
Gist, agent of the Ohio Land Company. 

In his journal, kept l)y him during his trip down the 
Ohio, commencing Xov. 4, 1T51, Gist says: 

"Set out 6 A. ]\I. and went to an Indian camp and invited 
them to the treaty at Logstown at the full of the moon in 
May next. At this camp there was a trader named Charles 
Polk, who spoke the Indian tongue well. Xemecotton, a 
chief, complained of the white people occupying lands granted 
to his father Chicoconnecon, and for which he had no pay. 
Said he: "This trader here, Charles Polke, knows the truth of 
what I say, that the land was granted to my father and that 
he or I never sold it, to which said Poke assented." 

On another page of Gist's Journal is the following: 

"Charles Polke's name appears in the list of Indian 
traders in 1734 (Colonial Archives, \'ol. 1, p. 425). On 
Alayo's Map of 1737 his name is marked w^ith those of four 
other settlers at the North Bend of the Potomac, where Han- 
cock, ^Id., now stands. (See also Colonial Records of Pa.) 
In 1774, he lived on Cross Creek, \\\ Va., about IG miles from 
the Ohio River, where Wellsville is now situated. He was 
still living in Shelby County, Kentucky, in 1799 (See his dep- 
osition in Appendix to Jefferson's "Notes on Virginia," 1801, 
p. 3GS." 

The above statement that Indian trader Chas. Polk was 
living" on Cross Creek in 1774, and moved to Kentucky, is a 
mistake. Indian trader, Chas. died in June 1753. His fourth 
son. Capt. Chas. Polk, moved to Cross Creek, married there 
Delilah Tyler, and came to Kentucky in 1780, settling in Nel- 
son County. In 1808 he moved to \^incennes, Ind., and died 
there in 1823. So Chas. Polk, trader, at Loggstown, was the 
father of Capt. Chas. the Indian fighter. 



In the list of early land entries made in Kentucky in pion- 
eer days, filed for record at St. Asaph's (Logan's) Station, in 
1780, appears the following: 

"Charles Polke. by Thomas Polke. this day claimed a 
pre-emption of l.nOO acres of land at the State price, in the 
District of Kentucky, on account of marking and improving 
the same in the year of 1776, lying on Simpson's Creek, a 
branch of the Town Fork of Salt River, near the head thereof, 
to include his improvements. Satisfactory proof being made 
to the Court, they are of the opinion that the said Polke has a 
right of a pre-emption of l,Oi>0 acres of land, to include the 
above location, and that a certificate issue accordingly." 

"Richard Connor Idv Charles Polk, a claim of 1,000 acres, 
by virtue of improving the same in 177(5, adjoining land of 
Charles Polk on Simpson Creek." 

"Thomas Polk, 1,(miO acres, on account of making and 
improving same in 1776, lying on the dividing ridge between 
the Town Fork and Rolling Fork of Salt River, on the head 
of a branch of Cox's land," etc. 

"Arthur Poak, by Wm. McConnell, this day claimed a 
pre-emption of 1,000 acres of land at the vState price, in the 
District of Kentucky, on account of marking and improving 
the same in the year 1776. Rejected." 

Who this Arthur Poak was we know not. None of the 
Polk family records name an Arthur Polk, but it looks like 
he belonged to the Chas. Polk line, appearing in Kentucky 
about the time that Capt. Chas. and his brothers did. ^^'m. 
McConnell, who laid in the claim for him, was one of the 
founders of Lexington, and the tract he sought to enter for 
Arthur Poak was, no doubt, in Fayette County, near Lexing- 

It will also be noticed that the tracts of Chas. Polk and 
his brother Thomas were "marked and improved in 1776." 
Therefore Charles and Thomas must have first come to Ken- 
tucky in that year, making locations on Simpson's Creek. Four 
years later, in 1780, they all came out to Kentucky and per- 
manently located on these tracts. 




(By Judge William Polk.) 

The following account of the capture, near Bardstown, 
Ky., in 1783, of the family of his father, was written many 
years ago by Judge William Polk, of Indiana, the eldest of 
the captured children, and pul)lished in The Advocate, a news- 
paper at Vincennes. 

William Polk, writer of this account of the captivity of 
his mother, shared it with her and was the little boy that they 
dressed in Indian apparel and styled him "the son of the chief." 

"Charles Polk, a young man, was among the early ad- 
venturers to western Virginia, on the upper branches of the 
Ohio River. Hence we find him in his country's service in 
1774, in an expedition against the Indian village on the Scioto, 
and again with Lord Dunmore, in his celebrated campaign in 
the latter part of the same year. 

During the succeeding winter he married and settled as a 
farmer near what was then called the Mingo Bottom, on the 
Ohio River, some distance above Wheeling, where he con- 
tinued to reside with his family during the winter and improve 
his farm, in the spring removing them to the neighboring fort 
erected by the settlers for the protection of their families 
while they cultivated their farms, part performing the labor, 
while another part acted as spies and guards. Having had an 
improvement made in Kentucky by which he obtained a pre- 
emption claim, in what is now Nelson County, about seven 
miles east of Bardstown, he sold his farm for Continental bills 
(which depreciated in his liands) and in the spring of 1780, 
descended the Ohio River with his family, with the intention 
to settle on and improve his land. On landing at Louisville, 
finding his land so remote and the removal to it dangerous on 
account of Indian hostilities, at the invitation of his friend 
and comrade in the days of their boyhood, Col. William Linn, 



one of the bravest among- the western sufferers, he settled 
at Linn's Station, about twelve miles from Louisville. 

During the summer Mr. Polk was frequently engaged, as 
was usual, in guarding against surprise, and in the pursuit 
of straggling parties of Indians who infested the settlements, 
and by that means obtained the confidence of his associates, 
so that they chose him Captain in the campaign which Gen. 
G. R. Clark led against the Shawnee towns on the Miami that 
year, and he acted a conspicuous part in the battle of the Pick- 
away, where the Indians were signallv defeated. Durino- the 
succeeding winter, he removed to his own land; on his arrival 
he found it occupied by a small band of emigrants from \'ir- 
ginia, who had previously settled there, erected a small fort 
for the security of their families, and cleared some land and 
had raised a fine crop of Indian corn the preceding year, not 
knowing that it was a pre-emption claim. Thus situated, he 
erected a cabin and commenced to improve sufficientlv near, 
in case of an alarm, to take protection in the fort ; hunting 
buffalo for the subsistence of his family and improving his 
farm to enable him to raise suflicient for their support the ap- 
proaching season. 

The early part of the year 1T61 passed off' without any 
serious alarm, until near midsummer, when a Mr. Ash, who, 
with a large family of sons, having settled a few miles off, 
alone, on the frontier, being on a visit with his wife and in- 
fant son at Capt. Polk's on their return early in the after 
noon, after proceeding about two miles, were met by one of 
their sons, an active lad of about twelve years of age, who in- 
formed his parents that while out at work in their corn field, 
the Indians had fired upon them and had either killed or taken 
all the rest of the family; he being a little distance from them, 
had escaped. 

The aff'licted parents forthwith returned. Cai^t. Pulk. 
immediately, with his family, took shelter in the fort, dis- 
patched a runner to the next fort, about four miles, to give the 
alarm and the same evening with a small party started in 
pursuit and shortly after dark they arrived at the scene of 
desolation. They found the eldest son, a young man, and the 
youngest and only daughter, slain. To their surprise, the 

376 POLK F A M I L Y A N D K I N S M E N 

house had not been burned and on cautiously approaching it, 
they found the door fastened on the inside. Apprehensive of 
an ambuscade, they were about to examine, when the voice 
of a child inquired if it was his father and nidtl^'^'- that Had 
come. On their reply the child (»pened the door and informed 
them that he was asleep under the l^ed, wrapped in a buffalo 
liide to keep oiT the flies, and that seven or eight Indians 
came into the house and took off all the things they could 
carr}- \\\i\\ them. That when he was first awakened by their 
noise he was about to tell them his mother would be angry 
when she came home, Init that they looked so ugly he was 
afraid and lay still until after they were gone. Then he got 
up and fastened the door to keep them out until his father 
and mother should come home. The boy was al)uut five years 

Having thus learned the ijrubable numl^er of the enemy, 
next morning, on pursuing the trail, they found they had 
taken the remainder of the family, five sons, prisoners. With 
the force they bad, it was not thought prudent to attempt a 
pursuit, as it might lead to the massacre of their prisoners. 
They buried the dead and returned to the fort the same day. 
The remainder of the season passed without further mischief 
than straggling parties hovering around the settlement and 
stealing their horses, which from necessity were permitted 
to roam through the forests. 

Early in the morning, in the beginning of the spring of 
17S2, four persons left the fort with horses loaded with salt 
for Harrodsburg, the next station, about thirty miles distant. 
Having traveled about five miles, they were attacked by about 
thirty Indians; fortunately but one man was wounded and he 
not dangerously. By instantly throwing cjff the loads and 
mounting their horses, after a warm pursuit they succeeded in 
regaining the fort. Expecting an immediate attack, the day 
and night succeeding was passed in repairing the fort and 
making such preparations for defense as was in their power. 
Fortunately, no serious attack was made. After remaining 
two or three days in the vicinity, stealing horses and killing 
cattle, the Indians dispersed in small bands for the purpose 
of stealing more horses from the neighboring fort. Captain 


Polk, with a small party, pursued one of these straggling 
bands, overtook them, killed their leader and recovered part of 
the stolen horses without loss. 

From this time the remainder of the summer passed off 
without any serious alarm until August, but the attack on 
Bryan's Station, near Lexington and the disastrous battle 
of Blue Licks on the 19th, spread general consternation 
throughout the country, as no one could conjecture 
where the next blow would be struck. About the time the in- 
telligence of these disasters was received in what was then 
termed the lower settlements in the vicinity of Louisville, 
a young man hunting buiifalo alone, about twenty-five miles 
from the nearest settlement, discovered on their march in the 
direction of the fort, in the vicinity of Louisville (as he sup- 
posed) about a hundred warriors. Not being discovered by 
the Indians, and being on horseback, he hastened to give the 
alarm and in a few hours apprised his friends of their danger. 
It may be proper here to state that the young man above 
named, still lives in Shelby County, Kentucky, now upwards 
of eightv years of age, the highly respected Maj. Bland \V. 
Ballard,\fterwards so well known in the Indian wars and 
who performed a conspicuous part in the late war, at the cele- 
brated but unfortunate battle of the River Raisin. 

Col. John Floyd, the officer in command, immediately 
started an express to give the alarm to the forts in the vicinity 
of Bardstown, and requesting assistance to meet the enemy, 
appointed the place of rendezvous nearly midway between the 
settlements, which were nearly thirty miles apart, on the 
evening of the next day, the 29th of August, 1782. Col. Isaac 
Cox the senior offtcer in these forts, early in the morning of 
that dav, sent an express to Capt. Polk, at the weakest and 
most frontier station in that direction ; and that same after- 
noon with what men could be spared from the defense of 
the fort he started for the appointed rendezvous, where he 
arrived the same evening about fifteen miles from the fort 
The arrangements of Col. Floyd were most judicious and 
prudent, as his position was such as to afford assistance to 
whichever of the settlements might be attacked. 

Early on the morning of the 30th. four of Capt. Polk s 


men were directed to return to the fort, for the double pur- 
pose of acting as spies and of strengthening the fort should it 
be attacked. Two horsemen were directed to make a circuit 
entirely around the fort, so that they might discover the trail 
of the invaders, should they have taken that course ; the other 
two being footmen, were directed to take a more direct route. 
Unfortunately, the horsemen disobeyed their instructions and 
after traveling a few miles, made directly for the fort, where 
they arrived early in the afternoon, thereby quieting in part 
the alarm of the inhabitants. It was afterwards ascertained 
that had they pursued their route, as they were directed, they 
would have discovered the trail of the Indians in time to ha\'e 
advised Col. Floyd, so that he might have reached the Fort 
previous to its attack and capture. 


On a clear and bright morning, the moon shining in her 
meridian splendor, the 31st of August, 1783, about one hour 
before the break of day, the first alarm to the unfortunate in- 
mates was the war-whoop of the Indians as they assailed the 
fort from diflferent quarters and obtained immediate posses- 
sion by climbing the walls and unroofing the cabins, descend- 
ing from the outside. One man defended his house until his 
wife and one child were killed, when seizing his other child, a 
boy about four years old. he made his escape. It was believ- 
ed that he killed one or two of the Indians. One man and 
the woman and child, were the only persons slain in the 
capture. Two white men, four women, and the lad Ash, who 
had escaped the previous year when his father's family was 
taken, made their escape in safety. This promising boy grew 
up highly esteemed and at the early age of 22 fell, bravely 
figliting for his country at St. Clair's defeat. 

The remaining inmates, about thirty in number, were 
taken prisoners and the fort burned. It was known for many 
years afterward as the "Burnt Station." On the evening of 
the day of the calamity. Col. Floyd was advised of the melan- 
choly occurrence. A cotincil was immediately assembled 
to consult what course would be proper to pursue, and the 
general opinion was in favor of an immediate pursuit. To 



♦his Capt. Polk strongly objected, urging that a pursuit 
would tend to the massacre of all the prisoners, as the Indians 
would keep scouts in their rear, on the retreat, so that a sur- 
prise could not be calculated upon ; and that as it was. it might 
be possible for him, some time, to recover his family. Known 
as he was for his determined bravery, perseverance and pati- 
ence, and from his amiable and conciliatory course, being 
universally beloved, a pursuit was not attempted. 

The Indians after taking whatever property of the in- 
habitants they could travel with, set the houses on fire and 
consumed the remainder and about daylight retired to their 
camps. Soon after sunrise, they commenced their retreat 
with their prisoners, in all about thirty, including Mrs. Polk 
and her four children, the eldest, William, a boy of seven 
years of age, the others daughters, the youngest two years 
old, and herself in that situation that but faint hopes could 
be entertained that she could bear the fatigue of a forced 
march through the wilderness, and her second son was born 
at Detroit, on the 2Tth of the ensuing October. On the first 
day of their captivity, circumstances occurred which, though 
of minor importance, it is believed, from wdiat w^as afterwards 
learned from the Indians, influenced their treatment to Mrs. 
Polk and her children, and probably was the means of pre- 
serving her life, which will be detailed in a manner that may 
appear tedious and unnecessary. The apology is that it is 
given as an illustration of the Indian character, to show that 
even among untutored savages there are traits of benevolence 
and humanitv that are worthv to be preserved. 

At the first assault on the fort, Mrs. Polk having her two 
youngest children in the same bed with her, immediately arose 
and taking a child under each arm attempted to wake up her 
two eldest children, liut before she succeeded the Indians 
broke into the house, seized her two children, hurried her dut, 
and shortly after to their camp, within about half a mile of the 
fort. After daylight, in looking over the encampment, she 
discovered all the prisoners except her own two children, 
from which she inferred that they had not l^een discovered in 
the darkness within the house, and been left to be consumed, 
as she saw them set the house on fire before they left the fort, 


which added much to her aft'lictiun that she had not succeeded 
111 wakening them out of their sleep. It will here be proper to 
mention that the Indian Chief had arrived in the vicinity of 
the fort, previous to the departure of Capt. Polk and his men, 
and from their hiding places had witnessed his leaving for the 
purpose of joining Col. Floyd. One of the first inquiries in the 
morning after arriving at their encampment, was for the 
Chief's (Capt. Polk's) squaw and papooses. \\'hen pointed out 
to them, they appeared much pleased that they had taken them 
prisoners — said the white Chief would be much disappointed 
on his return to find his family all taken from him. I have 
heard Mrs. Polk say she could obse4-ve a. marked difference 
in the treatment of her children and others taken. On the 
second morning, they painted her son in Indian style, deco- 
rated him in feathers, and some Indian trinkets, and called 
liim "The Young Chief of the Long Knife," the name given the 
Kentuckians by the Indians of that day. 

Shortly after sunrise they commenced their march, Mrs. 
Polk carrying her youngest child, and Mrs. Ash, (whose fam- 
ily had been massacred the preceding year, as I have previous- 
ly named) carrying hers, only a few months old. After travel- 
ing a short distance, the Indians took their children from them, 
lor the purpose, as they supposed, of murdering them, and di- 
recting them to march, Mrs. Ash observing, if they killed her 
child she would go no further with them. They rapidly pur- 
sued their journey for about twelve miles, when they halted. 
In a short time, the Indian who had taken Mrs. Polk's child, 
came up to them and handed it to its mother, and, at the same 
time the two eldest came up and joined her for the first time 
since their captivity, which much relieved her anxiety on their 
account. Mrs. Ash repeated that as they had murdered her 
child she would go no further. 

Having crossed no stream of water thus far, Mrs. Polk, 
from her fatigue and thirst, was so exhausted that she could 
scarcely breathe. The Indians had brought with them many 
Avatermelons from the fort, and while refreshing themselves 
with them, she lield out her hand as a request for a part to re- 
lieve her thirst, which was answered by a general laugh and 
shout of approbation, and some ten or twelve of them handed 


her slices which she divided among the prisoners around her, 
offering Airs. Ash a part, saying it would relieve, her thirst, 
which she refused by a shake of the head, without speaking. 
The Indians countenances immediately changed to anger; 
they began a conversation among themselves, when one came 
forward, stripped her of part of her upper garments, and in a 
few minutes started the prisoners, making signs to Mrs. Ash 
to take her child, a boy two years old and march. After they 
had proceeded a short distance they distinctly heard the toma- 
hawk strike her head. She uttered a scream simultaneous 
with their war-whoop, and all w'as silent. They continued their 
march until near sunset traveling this day about thirty miles 
before they encamped for the night. The Indian claiming Airs. 
Polk and her youngest child as his prisoners, being of a surly 
temper, proposed killing her that night, saying she could not 
travel as far next day as they wished to go, to which proposal 
his brother, of a more humane disposition, objected and pro- 
posed to defer the council until the next evening and was join- 
ed bv two or three others, who assigned as a reason why she 
should be saved, the circumstances of the watermelons, as re- 
lated above. 

The next morning the Indian who had first proposed sav- 
ing her life, in the council of the preceding evening, by signs 
informed her that in two days they would cross the big water, 
as they called the Ohio River, where they had horses, and she 
then should ride. Thus encouraged and stimulated to go 
as far as she could, a mother's desire to know what would be 
the fate of her children, the second day passed off as the first, 
by a rapid march, and contrary to her expectations she made 
the journey as the day before. The same Indian who had in- 
terceded for her in council the previous evening, again pre- 
vailed in suspending a decision until the next evening. 

The third day passed off in the same manner, until late in 
the afternoon, when within a few hundred yards of the Ohio 
river, her foot slipped in a small hole in the ground and being 
unable to extricate herself, she quietly sat down to await her 
fate, which she believed w^ould be immediate death. Her ill- 
disposed master, with a slight kick and surly voice, ordered 
her to march. She shook her head, signifying she could not. 


He immediately drew his tomahawk frum his scabbard and 
raised it over her head, for the purpose of dispatching his vic- 
tim at a single blow, but his more humane brother, who was 
immediately behind him, caught it in his hand as he drew it 
back and commenced a conversation in an earnest tone of 
remonstrance, which Mrs. Polk thought continued two or 
three minutes, before he let go of the tomahawk, which the 
other then returned to its scabbard and passed on, while her 
preserver remained and assisted her to rise and proceed to 
their bark canoes, in which they had crossed the river in then- 
advances and concealed a short distance up the Kentucky 
River, above it junction with the Ohio. 

He assisted her on board, and observing her feet and legs 
much swelled, he took his knife and ripped open her moccasins, 
which they had given her to put on at the commencement of 
the journey, and wdiich, on account of the swelling, could not 
be gotten off in any other way. On taking them off, her toe 
nails came off with a long portion of the skin on the bottom of 
her feet, which appeared to excite the sympathy of the Indians 
in the canoe. He then directed her to bathe her feet by pour- 
ing water on them wdiile crossing. Having crossed over, he 
assisted her up the bank and brought her child and blanket to 
her ; then went and brought some oil, or rather, marrow, pro- 
cured from the bones of buffaloes, which a few Indians wdio 
had been left to hunt and take care of the canoes had procured, 
and directed her to rub her feet with the marrow. He then 
handed her a large, soft pair of moccasins to put on, after 
which he said she could sleep and would be better in the morn- 
ing. From her pain and sufferings, she had but little hopes 
of living to see the morning light, but to satisfy the kind In- 
dian who appeared to take such an interest in preserving her 
life, she did as he directed, and, contrary to her expectations, 
the remedies applied so far relieved her that, for the first 
night during her captivity, she slept soundly and was so far 
relieved that I, for many years afterwards, often heard her 
declare that the wdiole scene of that afternoon and night still 
appeared to her a most extraordinary and miraculous interpo- 
sition of divine goodness for her preservation. 

On the same evenino-, the Indians held another council to 



decide on her fate, believing that she could not live to travel to 
their villages. At this council an elderly Indian who 
had not before interfered was the first to object, saying she 
had lived and traveled so far that he believed the Great Spirit 
would not permit them to kill her and if they attempted it he 
would be angry with them and they could not prosper. Be- 
ing joined by others, his advice prevailed and from this time 
they gave over all thought of killing her under any circum- 
stances. This day being the fourth of their captivitv, they 
traveled but a few miles before they arrived at a camp, where 
a few old men had remained to hunt during their absence on 
their war excursion, where they remained the balance of this 
day; and here were the horses which had been named to ]\Irs. 
Polk as an encouragement for her to pursue the journey. 
From this point, the next morning being the fourth of Sep- 
tember, the Indians separated into small bands for the con- 
venience of hunting for their support on their journey, J\Irs. 
Polk and her two youngest children being attached to one 
band and her eldest two belonging to another, they were sep- 
arated, much to the grief of the afflicted mother. 

The party with Airs. Polk proceeded to their villages on 
the Auglaize River, where they arrived on the tenth of Sep- 
tember, wdiere, after remaining four days, they started for De- 
troit with their prisoners, retaining the youngest daughter, as 
they informed her, to raise as one of their own squaws, which 
much increased her grief. At the Rapids of the Miami, or 
Roche de Bout as it was called, they rested one day. Here 
was a trader from Detroit, who had been acquainted with Capt. 
Polk previous to the commencement of the Revolutionary 
A\'ar, to whom the Indians related the result of their council 
in determining on Airs. Polk's case, who informed her there- 
of and pointed out to her the Indian who so eloquently plead 
in her behalf at the last council. While waiting here the 
Indians came up with Airs. Polk's son, having disposed of her 
daughter to the Shawnees at one of their villages in the vicin- 
itv of Piqua, on the Great Aliami, she having been taken sick; 
and, as they said, they were afraid she would die on the jour- 
ney and they would get nothing for her. From here they 
proceeded to Detroit, where they arrived about the 25th of 


September, and gave up such prisoners as they brought with 
them to Col. De Peyster, the commander of the British forces 
at that point, who treated them with the kindest attention and 
humanity. In his speech to the Indians, he stro'ngly insisted 
on their bringing in such prisoners as they had retained, nam- 
ing in particular Mrs. Polk's two children, which they had sep- 
arated from their mother and strongly remonstrated against 
their practice of murdering women and children. Such was 
Col. De Peyster's general character for benevolence and 
humanity, that the prisoners compared him to a kind and in- 
dulgent parent in his treatment to his children. 

A comfortable house was provided for Mrs. Polk and her 
two children, in common with a small and excellent family of 
prisoners who had been taken by Col. Bird in his celebrated 
expedition against Ruddell's and Martin's Stations in Ken- 
tucky in the year 1780, where she lived as comfortably as the 
nature of the case would permit. 

But the situation of her two children left with the Indians, 
her anxiety on their account, and her sufferings and exposure 
on the journey, had much impaired her health, so that fears 
were entertained for her life. But a short time after her ar- 
rival, on the 27th of October, her second son was born, after 
which her attention to her infant so engrossed her mind, to- 
gether with the assurance of Col. De Peyster, the commander, 
and Col. McKee, the Superintendent of the Indian Department, 
that they would procure the release of her children from the 
Indians, she became more reconciled to her situation and her 
health improved. By industry and economy with the use of 
her needle, she was supplied with provisions by the British 
Government. She lived much more comfortably during the 
winter than could have been anticipated. Early in the spring 
messengers were dispatched to the Indian country by Colonels 
DePeyster and McKee, in search of her children and such 
others of the prisoners as the Indians had retained, and on the 
first of July she had the pleasure of receiving her children un- 
der her own maternal care, where we wnll leave them in the 
full enojyment of their happiness for the present and return to 
Capt. Polk. 

No immediate pursuit of the Indians having been at- 


tempted, fearing it would lead to a massacre of the prisoners, 
Capt. Polk, with a few friends about ten days afterwards, fol- 
lowed on the trails with a view of ascertaining, if practicable, 
the fate of the prisoners. He found the remains of three child- 
ren and Mrs. Ash, who were the only prisoners murdered after 
they left the fort. From the decayed teeth, he was enabled 
satisfactorily to ascertain that it was not ]\Irs. Polk who had 
been murdered. 

General George Rogers Clark having determined on a 
campaign against the Shawnee villages on the Great Miami, 
Capt. Polk was among the first to approve of the measure and 
he commanded a company in that expedition. The Indians 
having discovered the advance of Gen. Clark's army, a few 
miles from their villages, fled without making any resistance, 
so that but few were either killed or taken prisoners. Detach- 
ments were sent in pursuit to destroy the dififerent villages and 
their corn and vegetables, being the only method whereby 
they could be made to feel the distress of war. Capt. Polk 
took an active part in these excursions, in hopes of recovering 
some of his family, but was disappointed ; a few prisoners were 
taken and their villages destroyed. In one of these excursions, 
Col. AIcKee, the Superintendent of the Indian Department, 
narrowly escaped being captured, as he afterwards informed 
Capt. Polk, when at Detroit after his family. 

On the return of Gen. Clark to his headquarters at Louis- 
\illy. Ky., he was advised there were strong hopes during the 
winter of peace being confirmed. He immediately dispatched 
a messenger with a flag, accompanied by one of his Indian 
prisoners, with a letter to Col. McKee, proposing an exchange 
of prisoners ; first of all to release Capt. Polk's family ; after- 
wards such other prisoners as Col. ]\IcKee might select. Capt. 
Polk's family, not being under Indian contnil, he could not 
comply with Gen. Clark's request. He detained the messenger 
until he could send a letter by express to Col. De Pey^tcr. the 
commander at Detroit, who, on receipt of the letter, immedi- 
ately sent for :\Irs. Polk, communicated to her the intelligence 
received, and the contents of Gen. Clark's letter, at the same 
time informing her that he could not accede to his proposal 
for her and her familv to return to the Indian country, as she 


was now safe, and he could not trust the Indians ; and should 
any accident happen he would be blamed, and should himself 
ieel as if he had been accessory to the massacre of her and her 
children; that he fully believed peace would be restored during 
the ensuing summer and that Capt. Polk could then safely 
come for his family; that he would then with pleasure render 
him the necessary assistance, and advised her to write to her 
husband and the letter should be sent with his own to General 

Mrs. Polk then named a general order that had been re- 
cently issued, directing all the prisoners at that fort to prepare 
to proceed by the first conveyance to Niagara, on their return 
to their own country, stating that those who remained behind 
would not be supplied with provisions from the King's stores, 
and informed him she could not possibly support herself and 
children by her own labor. He then assured her she need 
have no fears on that account, as the general order was in- 
tended for the idle and dissolute among the prisoners, of wdiich 
he was sorry to say there were too many, and not to drive off 
helpless women and children. He again assured her that he 
would send into the Indian country and have her children 
brought in and given up to her, all of which promises he 
punctually performed. Mrs. Polk, as advised, wrote to her 
husband, which conveyed to him the first certain intelligence 
of the situation of his family. 

Early in the spring. Col. De Peyster was advised of 
peace, and was instructed to restrain Indian hostilities on the 
frontier settlements, and so far succeeded that they were 
peaceable during the year. In the summer following the 
capture of his family, Capt. Polk ascended the Ohio River to 
obtain some assistance from his friends, who had promised 
him aid in recovering his family. And as the safer route to 
Detroit was through the Indian country, he procured a pass- 
port, which was indispensably necessary, from Gen. Irwin, 
who then commanded at Pittsburg. In company with Jona- 
than Zane. of Wheeling, Va., as his guide, they proceeded 
through the wilderness to Upper Sandusky, to the residence 
of the celebrated Simon Girty, so well known at that day as 
tlie most active partisan leader of the Indians in their wars on 


the frontier settlements. They were received with friendship 
by Girty, and treated with Indian hospitahty for two days, 
while they remained at Sandusky. 

Air. Zane had been the guide the preceding year, to the 
unfortunate expedition of Col. Crawford, whose melancholy 
fate at the time excited so much sympathy throughout the 
country. After con^'ersing freely with ]\Ir. Zane on the subject, 
Girty advised him (as it was generally known among the 
Indians that he had been the guide to Col. Crawfordj not to 
proceed any further, but to return immediately, as in his 
opinion it would not be safe to travel through the Indian 
country, and promised to send a trusty Indian as a guide 
with Capt. Polk to Detroit, and would be responsible for his 
safety. On the third morning after their arrival at Sandusky, 
they separated ; Air. Zane to return home, and Capt. Polk, in 
company with his Indian guide, pursued his journey to De- 
troit, where he safely arrived, the tenth of October, and 
where he had the satisfaction of meeting all of his family in 
good health, thirteen months and a few days from the date of 
their captivity. 

The humane and benevolent Col. De Peyster reluctantly 
consented to grant Capt. Polk's passport to return through 
the Indian country, fearing he might be interrupted by hunt- 
ing parties of Indians he might encounter on his journey. .At 
the earnest request of Capt Polk, he consented, sending a con- 
fidential officer as far as Sandusky, with a speech to the 
Wyandotte chiefs, to warn their young men not to m.olest 
them while passing through their country. ]\Iany other itris- 
oners wished to accompany him on his return, but the c-ni- 
mander would not permit any except the family of Mr. Whit.% 
who had resided in the same house with Mrs. Pulk, and three 
small daughters were taken, and the son of the only man 
killed at the taking of the fort, whose wife escaped in c om- 
panv with the widow lady above named, leaving her three 
small children who were taken : the two youngest were mur- 
dered after they had left the fort, which children Col. De Pey- 
ster put under his care to convey to their parents, furnishing 
them with good clothing, and making a present of a horse and 
saddle to the eldest daughter, about eleven years of age, who 


had lived in his family and been treated as one of his own 

On the loth of October, Capt. Polk commenced his 
journey on his return. At Sandusky he remained two days, 
waiting for Thomas Girty, a brother of Simon, who was on a 
visit to his brother, as it was believed his company would add 
to the safety of the party. As a further precautionary mat- 
ter, he employed an aged Delaware Indian as a guide, and a 
younger relation of the old man as a hunter. 

From Sandusky Simon Girty accompanied them a few 
miles, passing over the battlefield of the late lamented Col. 
Crawford, pointing out the different movements of the enemy, 
saying that had Col. Crawford continued the pursuit ten 
minutes longer, at the commencenvent of the battle, he would 
have defeated them, as at the time he stopped the advance 
troops (which he did, fearing an ambuscade), the Indians 
were about commencing a general retreat. The writer has a 
perfect recollection of this conversation, though only eight 
years of age at that time. 

No particular accident happened on the journey through 
the wilderness, but their progress was slow and fatigueing, as 
the children that were of sufficient ability had to walk. Early 
in November he arrived among his friends, who resided near 
the Ohio River, in what is now Brook County, Virginia, and 
prepared for descending the same, and safely landed at Louis- 
ville, Ky., on the evening of the 24th of December, 1?S3. From 
thence he removed to his late cabin, which, being some dis- 
tance from the fort, had escaped conflagration. Having by 
the captivity of his family, expenses in recovering them, and 
the destruction of his property, been reduced to poverty, he 
had to sell the largest portion of his land for what it would 
bring to enable 'him to commence again as a farmer. 

And havings received no compensation for his services, as 
Captain in the two expeditions under Gen. Clark, and at that 
time in the West, there being but little expectation of e\er 
receiving any thus situated, he assigned his claims on tlie 
Government for $'200 or $220 w-orth of goods, at an extrava- 
gant price, being all he ever received in a pecuniary point of 
view, for all his services and sufferings for his country; yet 


none rejoiced more in her independence, or complained less 
of the hardships endured. By industry and frugality, he 
lived to raise a large family of children, who with their 
descendants, chiefly reside in the States of Indiana and Ken- 

Mrs. Polk died at the birth of her twelfth child, in Shelby 
County, Kentucky, on the 7th day of June, 1797. Capt. Polk 
kept his family together, until several of the eldest children 
married and removed to Indiana, where he followed them, 
living among his children as a patriarch of old, beloved and 
respected by all his acquaintances, and died as he had lived, 
with Christian resignation and composure on September 11, 
1823, in the 76th year of his age. 

I have often regretted that more has not been preserved 
of the early history of the frontier portion of our country. At 
the request of some friends I have been induced to furnish 
a plain and unvarnished tale of the captivity of my father's 
family, as a tribute of respect to my revered parents, and as 
a drop in the bucket added to the general history of the 
privations and sufferings of the western pioneers. 





The descendants of Capt. Charles Polk and his wife, 
Delilah Tyler, constitute one of the most numerous branches 
of the Polk family and they are, and have been, residents of 
nearly every State and Territory in the Middle West and 
Trans-Mississippi States and Territories. And wherever 
found they are generally people of prominence, socially and 

Judge William Polk eldest of the four children captured 
with their mother at Kincheloe's Station in Nelson County, 
in 1782, and who left the foregoing account of that event, was 
I'Orn on Cross Creek, Virginia (now West Virginia), Septem- 
ber 19, 1775, a year notable in the annuals of America. 

Judge William Polk was therefore five years of age when 
Capt. Charles Polk, his father, moved from Cross Creek, Va., 
to Kentucky; and, from the cradle on through a great part of 
his life, he was in constant contact with Indians and frontier 
civilization. He and his little sister Elizabeth were the only 
children of their parents at the time they left Virginia, the 
others all ])eing born in Kentucky. As William grew to 
manhood he was given advantage of the best schools in Nel- 
son County and he was an industrious pupil. After reaching 
manh(jod, he studied law and was admitted to practice. In 
the War of 1812 he commanded a company in Major Touissant 
Dubois' battalion of Kentucky ^lounted Spies, and his brother, 
Thomas, was a member of his company. Born and raised 
on the border, they were well equipped for such service against 
the savages. 

Settling in Knox County, Indiana, Capt. William Polk 
soon rose to ]:)rominence among the people, by reason of his 
talents and military services. He is said to have taken part 
in the battle of Tippecanoe in isil, and his gallant brother- 
in-law, Cajjt. Spier Spencer, who had married his sister, 
Elizabeth, fell in that hard-fought engagement. 



Indiana was admitted into the Federal Union as a State 
in 1816. To the convention which formed the constitution of 
the new State, composed of leading men from each county, 
Knox County sent John Johnson. John Badollet. John Bene- 
field, Capt. William Polke, and Benjamin Polke. Perry 
County sent one representative. Rev Charles Polke, son of 
Edmond Polke. and also an officer in the Indian War. Speak- 
ing of these representatives Dunn's Indiana edition of "Amer- 
ican Commonwealths" Series, says: "The Knox Countv del- 
egation was the strongest of all in ability, and though it was 
m a hopeless minority on the party questions that divided the 
convention, it did a large part of the convention work and w^as 
entitled to much of the credit for the result."  


Judge William Polk, eldest son of Capt. Charles Polk 
(and also eldest of the four children captured with their 
mother in Kentucky in 1783), died in Knox County. Indiana, 
April 26, 18-13. In 1806 he moved from Xelson County Ken- 
tucky to Knox County. His first wife is said to have been 
Sally Ashby, of Kentucky, and his second Sarah Cooper. By 

the latter he had : ^Delilah, b. . d. . married Hans- 

brough ; -Esther, b. . d. . married H. D. \\'heeler 

^Susan. b.- . d. . married G. Lindsay; '^Cynthia, b. 

d. . married W. D. Shepherd; ■\-\dam G. Polk, b. 

d. . married Caroline Burnside ; ''Xancv. b. . d. 

married Hyacinthe Lasalle Jr.; 'Polly b. 1810, d. Jan. 11, 1892 
married Judge Jno. B. Xiles of Laporte. Ind. ; ^Benjamin 

b. , d. , family untraced. (Benjamin was a member 

of the Constitutional Convention of 1816.) ; ''W'm. Tyler 

b. . d. , family untraced ; ^''Christiana, b. , d. 

married 13r. Andrews; ^^Eleanor, 1). , d. , untraced. 

Judge William Polk was a man of distinguished ability, 
of great influence among his fellows, and stood in the highest 
esteem with all who knew him. He was also one of the 
commissioners of the [Michigan Road, and was Register of the 
Land Office at Fort Wayne at the time of his death. 

The information furnished to the author about Judge 
Wm. Polk's marriage is somwhat conflicting. One statement 


is that he first married SalHe Ashley, in Nelson County, Ken- 
tucky. Another is that he married Sarah Cooper. It is pos- 
sible that he married both of them, Miss Ashby, first. Miss 
Cooper last. 


Capt. Spier Spencer, b. , was killed Nov. 7, 1811, at 

the battle of Tippecanoe. His wife, Elizabeth (Polk) Spencer 
(a daughter of Capt. Charles Polk and Delilah (Tyler) Polk), 
was born at Cross Creek, Va., in 1777 and when a child of 
three years came with her parents to Kentucky, settling in 
Nelson County, on Simpson's Creek, where she, her brother. 
William, her sisters Sally and Nancy, and her mother, were 
captured by Indians, Sept. 1, 1782, and carried to Detroit. 

Elizabeth was iborn, raised and married on the frontier, 
and all her early life was in contact with Indians. She essen- 
tially was a "frontier maiden," and growing to womanhood in 
Kentucky, was married at sixteen years of age, Feb. 12, 1793, 
to Spier Spencer, of Nelson County member of a prominent 
family of that neighborhood. 

Between the years of 1800 and 1810, nearly all of the 
children and near kinsmen of Capt. Charles Polk emigrated 
to Indiana, most of them settling in Perry and Knox Counties. 
and at other points adjacent. The greater part of them settled 
in the latter county, near Vincennes, at that time the chief 
military post on the frontier. 

With Capt. Charles Polk and children also went Spier 
Spencer and wife, and all of the family took prominent parts 
in the affairs of the Territory up to and including its admis- 
sion as a State in 1816. 

General Wm. Henry Harrison was the Governor and 
Military Commander of the Territory during that period, and 
around him were gathered the ablest and bravest of the pio- 
neers. Among these were Capt. Charles Polk, his several 
sons, and his sons-in-law, Capt. Spier Spencer and Capt. Wm. 
Bruce. These two latter, together with several of Capt. 
Charles Polk's sons, took part in the battle of Tippecanoe, 
Nov. 7, 1811 — the real beginning of the War of 1812 — and in 
that fierce conflict Capt. Spencer was killed while fighting 


with great gallantry at the head of his rifle company. So 
conspicuous were his services that the counties of Spencer, in 
Kentucky and in Indiana, were named in his honor. 

This battle was a crushing defeat of the savages, led by 
The Prophet, who, with his brother, Tecumseh, was then en- 
gaged in organizing a great coalition of the savages. North 
and South, with the view of expelling the whites from all parts 
of the West. 

In this battle, besides a few United States troops and the 
Indiana Alilitia companies, were a number of men from Ken- 
tucky under Col. Joseph Hamilton Daviess, and this gallant 
officer also fell a short distance from where Capt. Spencer 
was killed, after being twice wounded and trying to rise again. 

Richard Collins, the Kentucky historian, speaking of the 
gallant conduct of Capt. Spencer, under the head of Spencer 
County, says : 

"This county was named in honor of Capt. Spier Spencer, 
a young man of ardent patriotism and undaunted courage, who 
fell at the head of his company in the battle of Tippecanoe. 
He commanded a fine rifle company in that severe engage- 
ment, and occupied a most exposed position. In the midst of 
the action, he was wounded on the head, but continued at his 
post, and exhorted his men to fight on. Shortly after he re- 
ceived a second ball, which passed through both thighs and 
he fell, but still resolute and unyielding, he refused to be car- 
ried from the field, and urged his men to stand to their duty. 
By the assistance of one of his men he was raised to a sitting 
posture, when he received a third ball through his body, which 
mstantly killed him. Both of his Lieutenants, Messrs. Mc- 
Mahan and Berry, were also killed. Capt. Spencer was a warm 
friend and bosom companion of the gifted and gallant Daviess, 
who perished with him in the battle." 

Col. Joseph Hamilton Daviess was a former citizen of 
Lexington, Ky., and a fine portrait of him, executed by a dis- 
tinguished artist, hangs in the Masonic Lodge in that city. 

General Harrison, in his accounts of the intrepidity of the 
savages at Tippecanoe, said: "The Indians manifested a 
ferocity uncommon even in them." 

By the death of Capt. Spier Spencer, his wife. Elizabeth, 


was left to the sole care and raising of a family of eight child- 
ren, who grew to manhood and womanhood and became highly 
respected and most worthy citizens, uniting in marriage with 
some of the best people in the state. 


By his wife, Elizabeth Polk, Capt. Spencer had the f^^.l- 

lowing issue: ^George, b. , d. , married ; -'William, 

b.^ , d. married Caroline Bell ; ^James, b. , d. , 

married; •*Nancy, b. March 15, 1791, d. , married Daniel 

Bell, Dec. 24, 1811; ^Jane, b. , d. , married Milo R. 

Davis ; ^Matilda b. , d. , married General and United 

States Senator John B. Tipton; "Delilah, b. — — , d. , mar- 
ried James B. Slaughter; ^Sarah, b. Jan. 13, ISUD, d. July 3, 
1885. married Geo. P. R. Wilson, a son of Joshua Wilson of 
Kentucky, who settled at Corydon, prior to 1816. 

Delilah Spencer and James B. Slaughter hal the following 

children : ^William, b. , d. , married Caroline Pell ; 

-Priscilla, b. , d. , married Golden ; ^Sarah, b. , 

d. , married Samuel J. Wright They had two children that 

lived, James E. and Sarah Wright. James E. married Miss 
Didelotte and Sarah marriad David M. Rowland. The latter 
had but one child, Mary Rowland, who married William C. 
Adams of Corvdon. 

Thomas C. Slaughter married Katherine Jordan and has 
issue : ^James L. married Lillian Le Mon ; -Harriet married 
Andrew M. Jones ; ^Clara married William B. demons ; ^Kate 
married Harry McGrain. 

Sarah Spencer, by her husband, Geo. P. R. Wilson, had 
issue : ^James S. married Jane Davis ; -Alary E. married Sam- 
uel J. Wright (his second wife, the first being Sarah Slaugh- 
ter) ; ^Joshua T. married Mary C. Jordan ; '^George S. married 
Sarah Burnett; ^Rosa married Charles H. Reader; •''Fanny 
and Kitty are unmarried. 

Joshua T. Wilson and Mary C. Jordan had issue : ^Carrie ; 
-Lennie; "^Thomas J.; '^Tilla ; ^Kate ; ^Otway D. ; ^Jennings B. ; 
^Sidney C. : "George S. ; ^^Bertha. Only Thonias J.. Tilla, 
Otway D., Jennings B. and George S. are living. 



James Bruce, accompanied by his brother, George, came 
from Scotland to America in 17^:5, and settled at Winchester, 
Va. His wife's maiden name was Margaret McAIahon. From 
Winchester they moved to the North Branch of the.- Potomac, 
in Maryland, where a large family was born to them. One of 
the sons, ^^'illiam Bruce, married ]Mrs. Polly (Lucas) Perciful. 
Soon after marriage William moved to the Monongahela, set- 
tling at the mouth of Peter's Creek — "the new store" — now 
Elizabethtown. Indians prowled throughout that region and 
forts were the refuge of the people generally, being the only 
place of safety. 

During the Revolutionary War, William was frequently 
called on to perform military service. He was stationed at a 
place called Catfish (named for an Indian Chief) near Red- 
stone. He occupied the position of Lieutenant in a company 
of frontier militia. His next service was under General George 
Rogers Clark, commanding a company under that great sol- 
dier in the Illinois campaign of 1777, by which campaign all 
the territory between the Lakes, the Ohio and the Mississippi 
were transferred to the American flag. He was still in the 
service at Louisville in 1784. Leaving Kentucky, Major Wm. 
Bruce took part under Harrison, as did his brother-in-law, 
Capt. Spier Spencer and several of the Polks, in the l:)attle of 

Alajor Bruce was married October 23, 1798, to Sally Polk, 
third child of Capt. Charles Polk and his wife, Delilah Tyler, 
of Nelson County. Kentucky, and died April 23, 1855, at Bruce- 
ville, Ind., leaving many descendants. By his first wife, Sallie 
Polk, he had twelve children, and also a number by his second 
wife Hettie Richie Holmes. 


(1) Charles Bruce, b. , d. .married first Ange- 

line Wright, of Ohio, by whom he had three children. His 
second wife was Nancy P. Harrison, of Montgomery County, 
bv whom he had ten children. 


(2) William D., b. , d. , married Betsy Polk. They 

had six children. 

(3j Delilah, b.— — , d. , married Rachael Chambers, by 

whom he had nine children. His second wife was the Widow 

(5) Mary (Polly), b. , d. . married Squire Bruce, 

of Ogle County, Illinois. Twelve children. 

(6) Elizabeth (Betsy) Bruce, b. , d. , married John 

La Follette. Putnam County, Ind., twelve children. 

(7) Lucinda b. Feb. 7, 1809, d. Feb. 21, 1870, married John 
Henderson Scroggin, of Knox County, Indiana, and they had 
six children. The Scroggins moved from Kentucky to Indi- 
ana. ^Joseph Hamilton, b. May 17, 1836, d. ; nVilliam 

Bruce, b. Sept. 3, 1838, d. June 4, 1857; ^Henry Harrison, 

b. Sept. 11. 18-10, d. ; ^Geo. Wilson, b. May 5, 1842, d. ; 

^Sally Jane b. Jan. 3, 1845, married Dec. 20, 1868, James Wm. 
Clark, of Nebraska. Four children. 

When the Civil War began in 1861 three of the sons of 
John Plenderson enlisted in the Union Army — Joseph H., 
Henry H. and George. Six months afterward, Henry sickened 
and died. Joseph H. also fell ill, was in the hospital for over a 
year, and was discharged. George served over three years, but 
at the battle of Nashville, where Thomas defeated Hood, De- 
cember 15, 1864, he was severely wounded and died a few days 

Sally Jane Scroggins and her husband, James W. Clark, who 

was born Oct. 4, 1846, had issue: ^Geo. Edgar, b. -, Oct. 

13, 1869 ; 2Addie Lucinda, b. May 19, 1872 ; ^Rebecca Maude, 
b. Dec. 10, 1874; ^Edith Caroline b. Dec. 10. 1876; ^Ashby 
Bruce, b. Oct. 3, 1879, d. Nov. 13, 1880. 


Joseph Hamilton Scroggin, b. May 17, 1836, married, 
1867, Nancy Gano, b. July 24, 1837. They had: ^Mattie 
Bruce, b. Feb. 15, 1868; ^^ucinda May, b. Nov. 28, 1869; 
^George Washington, b. Dec. 12, 1871; ^Sally Ann, b. Oct. 
17, 1873 ; sRosa, b. July 10, 1875. 

Capt. Joseph Scroggin, by birth an Irishman, was an of- 
ficer in the English Navy at a time when it was assisting 


Spain in one of her wars. While in Spain he met and became 
enamored with the Princess Fantalina, eldest daughter of 
Philip v.. first Bourbon "King of Spain. Philip was a grand- 
son of Louis XIV of France and Maria Louise Gabriella of 
Savoy. Capt. Scroggin eloped with the Princess to England, 
where he married her and came to America in 1714, landing at 
Baltimore. Receiving grants of land, he settled at Snow Hill, 
^Maryland, where both of them died, leaving one child, Joseph 
Scroggin, Jr.. born K15. 

Joseph Scroggin, Jr., married in 1740, in Maryland, Sarah 
Ann Caldwell, whose sister. Martha was the mother of Hon. 
John C. Calhoun, distinguished as an American Statesman. 

Joseph and Sarah Ann (Caldwell) Scroggin had a family 
of thirteen children, viz.: ^Xancy, b. May 13, 1711; -Capt. 
John, 1). Xov. 13, 1743; ^'-Mary, b. Xov. 13, 1745; ^Joseph, b. 
June 17 1747 ; ^Samuel, b. June 14, 1749 ; ^Sarah, b. Sept. 14, 
1750;'Robt. Caldwell, b. ilarch 1. 1753; ^William, b. April 
24, 1755; "Mildred, b. June 15. 1757; I'^Philip, b. Sept. 5, 1751); 
"Annie Caldwell, b. June 18, 1761; i-Thomas Clark, b. July 
4, 1762; i^'Matilda, b. August 21, 1764. 

Sarah Ann (Caldwell) Scroggin, mother of the foregoing 
children, died Dec. 31, 1770: 

Capt. John Scroggin, second child of Joseph and Sarah 
Ann Caldwell was an officer in the Revolutionary War. He 
married (in 1767) Eunice Jane Polk, daughter of John Polk, 
of Deleware, second son of Ephriam Polk, 1st, who was the 
third son of Capt. Robert Bruce Polk and wife, Magdalen. 

In Xovember, 1793. in company with a number of kins- 
men. Ephraim Polk, 3rd, the Morris', Xutters', Hopkins', and 
others he emigrated to Kentucky, all settling not far from each 
other in the present counties of Fayette, Harrison, Bourl)on, 
Woodford and Scott, where they have many descendants. 
Many of the latter emigrated to Missouri, Indiana, Illinois 
and other Western territories, but a large number of their 
descendants are still to be found in Kentucky. 

Being descended from a daughter of King Philip \' of 
Spain, the Scroggins are probably the only family in Kentucky 
descended from roval blood. 



^Elizabeth, b. Oct. 10, ITGS; -William, b. Jan. 29, 1770; 
^Samuel, b. Dec. 30, 1771; ^John, b. May 12, 1774; ^Sarah Ann 
Caldwell, b. Oct. 9, 1776 ; ^Joseph, b. Feb. 9, 1779 ; ^Levin 
Polk, b. March 26, 1782. 

Joseph, the sixth child of John and Eunice Jane (Polk) 
Scroggin, married Nancy Jane Holmes, a sister of Hetty R. 
Bruce, and they emigrated to Knox County, Indiana, locating 
at Bruceville, near Vincennes, where they have many prom- 
inent descendants at this day, as also many Bruce kinsmen. 
Joseph died Nov. 4, 1S43, and his wife, Nancy (born Aug. 20, 
1783), died died Dec. 8, 1846. They had the following child- 
ren: ^Eunice, b. July 23, 18(i7, in Kentucky, died young; 
2John Henderson, b. Feb. 6, 1809, d. March 3, 1848; HVm. 
Weston, b. Dec. 7, 1810, d. unmarried, Oct. Id, 1842; ''Ann 
Elizabeth, b. March 28, 1873, d. unmarried; ^Josiah Love, b. 
April 8, 1815, d. unmarried ; "^Sallie Jane, b. Feb. 16, 1818, mar- 
ried , and had a son ; '^Hetly, b. June 15, 1820, d. unmarried; 

^'Nancy Ann, b. May 23, 1823, died unmarried; ^Joseph D., 
b. Dec. 20, 1825. 

John Henderson Scroggin married Lucinda Bruce, a 
daughter of Capt. Wm. Bruc'e and his wife, Sallie Polk, daugh- 
ter of Capt. Charles Polk and Delilah Tyler. Lucinda Bruce 
Scroggin died Feb. 21, 1870. John Henderson Scroggin and 
wife had issue: ^Joseph Hamilton, b. May 17, 1836; ^Wm. 
Bruce, b. Sept. 3, 1838, d. June 4, 1857; ^Henry Harrison, b. 
Sept. 11, 1840; ^George Wilson, b. May 5, 1842; ^Sallie Jane, 
b. Jan. 3, 1845, married James Wilson Clark and lives in 
Nebraska. They have four children. 


Col. John W. Polk, of Kansas City, Mo., son of Robert 
Tyler Polk, and grandson of Capt. Charles Polk, in a letter 
of May 20, 1893, referring to his elder kinsman, stated: 

"The people named above were all of Scotch descent and 
formed a vScotch Colony in and around a village named Bruce- 
ville about five miles from Vincennes, where they settled soon 



after Indiana, a part of Xew France, was acquired by the 
United States, and many years before the territory was ad- 
mitted as a state. 

"William Bruce, for whom the village was named, was 
called "Uncle" by all my aunts and uncles. My recollection is 
that he married a sister of my father's mother. Therefore, he 
must have married a Tyler. I remember him and his wife 
when I was a small boy, say about 182(j. They were then old 
people. He was a stately old aristocrat, looked up to bv all 
the family. He claimed to be a descendant of the royal blood 
of Scotland. All the Tylers of Kentucky, most of whom are 
at Louis\ille, are of the same family. I have met many of 
them. I remember Levi Tyler very well. The mother of 
Isaac Sturgeon, of St. Louis, was a Tyler, Capt. Silas Bent, of 
the Navy, married one. 

During the Civil War, John Tyler, a son of President 
Tyler, and mvself, served in the same armv (Confederate) and 
were messmates a long time. We often talked over our family 
relations. I recall that he was very familiar with his family 
history ; that they were Shropshire people of note and dis- 
tinction. On the Polk side of our family, I have a clear his- 
tory. Both families are entitled to a crest and a coat of arms." 


There is a tradition in the family that Capt. Joseph Scrog- 
sin. in abducting the Princess Fantalina from the tower in 
which she had been confined, in order to prevent her fr.mi 
meeting him, rowed close to the tower, and that she lowered 
herself to him from a window to which she attached a ntpe. 

Some months after their arrival in Baltimore, it is said 
they quarreled over the naming of their child, and she. in 
her anger, threw all their valuable papers into the fire, he 
being able to rescue only one land grant. The child was named 
Joseph, and early in youth manifested a most unfortunate 
temper. He possessed all the irascibility of his Spanish-Irish 
blood. When about seventeen years old, he quarreled with 
his mother and ran away. Finally he married Sarali Caldwell, 
a daughter of John Caldwell, and became a little more settled. 


Sarah's sister, it is said, was the mother of Hon. J(jhn C. Cal- 
houn of South Carolina, the eminent American Statesman. 


Nancy Polk (fourth child of Capt. Charles Polk), born 
about 1781 in Nelson County, Kentucky, married Peter Ruby 
and had a family of eight children, viz: ^Delilah, b. about 

1SU4. d. , married John Keath ; -Jane, b. about 1806, d. , 

married Rol)t. Johnson; "MJenjamin F., b. about 1808, d. , 

married Lucy Lemmon ; '^Spier Spencer, b. about 1810, d. , 

married Polly Shepherd; ''Charles, b. about 1812, d. , mar- 
ried Airs. Nichols, 2nd, Mrs. Wade; *^John Ochiltree, b. (3ct. 
2(), 1814; d. Oct. 7, 1868, married Deborah Fade, of Vincennes, 
Ind., June 25, 1836; 'Sally, b. about 1816, d. Jan. 18, 1817, 
'^Robert, about 1818, d. Jan. 21, 1856. 

John O. Ruby and wife. Debby, had issue: ^Capt. Wil- 
liam F., La Fayette, Ind., b. Dec. 2, 1838, who married Vashti 
Borden, Sept. 25, 1866, and had issue Aimee J., b. Oct. 14, 
1878, and Edna Browning, Oct. 28, 1879. 

W illiam F. Ruby was a soldier in the Union Army during 
the Civil War, serving nearly four years in the Tenth and 
One Hundredth and Fifty-fourth Indiana Infantry as Com- 
pany Commander, Commissary and Quartermaster. After 
the Civil War he was appointed Quartermaster at the Indiana 
State Soldiers' Home, La Fayette. 



* La Fayette, Ind. 






Edmond Polk (second child and son of Charles Polk, the 
Indian trader of Frederick County, Maryland), was born in 
that colony in 1740, and died in Xelson County, Kentucky, 
1824-5. He was a youth of thirteen when his father died in 
1753, leaving a widow. Christian Polk( whose maiden name is 
said to have been Alatson), and six children. As they at- 
tained to manhood, these children all appear to have left the 
old homestead and gone further toward the frontier. 

Edmond located for a time at Fort Pitt (Pittsburg) or 
in that vicinity, where he was married in 1765, but we have 
no record of the maiden name of his wife. It is said that he 
and his three brothers all took an active part in the x'Vmerican 
Revolution by service on the frontier as rangers, against the 
British and their savage allies. Of the children of Edmond 
and wife, the first six were born in Pennsylvania, and possi- 
bly, also, the seventh, Polly, who was born in 1780, the 
year he settled in Kentucky. The two youngest, James and 
Nancy, were born in Xelson County, Kentucky. 

Edmond and brothers, determining to descend the Ohio 
to find homes in a richer and more fertile land, did so in the 
spring of 1780, landing at the Falls of the Ohio (now Louis- 
ville) where they sojourned a short time. They were ac- 
companied to Kentucky by their sister. Sarah (Polk) Piety, 
who had married Austin Piety, a British subaltern officer at 
Fort Pitt some years before, and who deserted her and her 
children and returned to England when the Revolutionary 
War began. 

After a brief sojourn in the vicinity of Louisville, the 
Polk brothers moved southward and settled on the head 
waters of Salt river, in what are now Shelby, Spencer and 
Xelson Counties, in which section numerous blockhouses or 
''Stations" were erected by an adventurous company of pio- 


neers from Virginia and Pennsylvania, who came just before 
and at the time of the Polks. There is no doubt, however, 
that some of the Polks had visited Kentucky before 1780. This 
is shown by the records of the Virginia Land Office, wherein 
are recorded grants to people by virtue of locations made for 
them by Charles. Thomas and other Polks, in 1775 and 1776, 
on the waters of Cox Creek and Simpsons Creek, in the present 
counties of Spencer and Nelson and also in Fayette County, 
near Lexington. 

Hence, some of these Polks came with the first parties 
of pioneers who descended the Ohio the year following the 
defeat of the Indians under Cornstalk, at Point Pleasant, 
w^hich event took place in October, 1774. This defeat cowed 
the Indians and permitted the surveyors and land locators who 
had abandoned Kentucky in the summer of 1774 on the ap- 
proach of the Indian War, to come 'back and resume opera- 
tions in the Spring of 1775. And with them, as the Virginia 
Land Office records show, came several of the Polk brothers, 
who not only picked out locations for themselves, but also 
marked locations for others, acting as deputy surveyors under 
the laws of Virginia. 

A recent historical sketch in the Kentucky Standard, 
published at Bardstown, says: "Thomas Polk, David Connor 
and others settled on Simpson's Creek and built Polk's Station, 
which was passed into history as the Burnt Station, and stood 
on the farm of the late A\\ D. Huston. Cox's Stati(3n was set- 
tled in the Spring of 1775, by Col. Isaac Cox, who came from 
Pennsylvania, and Bardstown in 1776 by the Bairds also of 
Pennsylvania. In 1784:, l)y act of the A'irginia Legislature, the 
County of Nelson was erected out of a part of Shelby County, 
the latter being one of the original counties of Ken- 
tucky District. Isaac Cox and Charles Polke were three of 
those appointed l)y the Governor of Virginia as Justices of 
the Peace, Justices of Oyer and Terminer, and Justices in 
Chancery of the new county. The first term of court was 
held in May, 17S5, and an order was made for the erection of 
a prison for debtors, a ])rison for criminals, a whipping post, 
pillory and stocks. Capt. Charles Polk was one of the mag- 
istrates appointed to fix locations and make contracts for 



such, and Edward was one of the committee of three to re- 
port on the character of the work. 

Col. Wm. Polk, of Vicksburg-, Miss., writing in iSTo, to 
the author, stated: "Grandfather Polk moved from Penn- 
sylvania to what is now Nelson County. Kentucky, about one- 
hundred years ago, where he lived till his death, which oc- 
curred near Bardstown in the year IS'^l or 1S25. His children 
were Thomas, Charles, Edmond and James on the male side, 
and Hannah. Kitty, Sally, Polly and Nancy on the female 

"Thomas and Charles moved to Indiana early in life say 
sixty or seventy years ago, and lived and raised large fami- 
lies upon what was, and is now, called "Polk's Bottom," upon 
the Ohio river, opposite the mouth of Cloverport, Ky. At a 
later day Edmond, Jr., moved to Illinois with a large family 
and entered 160 acres of land upon which a part of Chicago 
now stands. 

"James lived for many years almost in sight of the place 
on which he was born and raised, and died near Bardstown. 
James' sons sooner or later all moved to Indiana. Grand- 
iather Edmond Polk had a brother, Charles, who lived near 
Vincennes, and was a conspicuous officer in the army in the 
first settling of the countrv. The Polks are still numerous in 
that region, and altogether you may perceive there is a large 
sprinkling of Polk blood in Indiana. 

"The memlbers of our branch of the Polk family have 
never been famous for oratorical powers or talent, nor much 
mclined toward officers, yet somewhat talented in the way of 
mechanical genius and general industry; wdiat you may call 
plain, old-fashioned, sober, good common-sense people almost 
invariably doing well : very largely Baptists in religion and 
Jackson and Jeffersonian in politics." 

How long the Polks remained in Kentucky after their 
first visit in 1775, we do not know\ Doubtless they went back 
up the Ohio in the late fall to their homes (as most of the 
pioneers did), and made other locating trips to Kentucky in 
the years following. It is also likely that, the American Revo- 
lution coming on in 177G. some of tliem joined companies in 
the frontier service. l>ut we ha\-e slight record of their serv- 


ices, other than the partially known exploits of Capt. Charles 
Polk, after his arrival in Kentucky, in combatting Indian 
forays onto the waters of Salt River, in one of which attacks 
his wife and four children were taken captive in 1782 'by a 
band of Wabash Indians going home from the Blue Lick 
-Massacre of Aug. 19, of that year. 

Edmond Polk died near Smithville. Bullitt County, Ken- 
tucky, in 1824:-2.5, and his sons, Thomas and Charles, later fol- 
lowed their uncle Capt. Charles Polk, and his sons, to Indiana 
Territory. Edmond's son, Charles, became a noted Baptist 
preacher, and located at Polk's Bottom, on the Ohio, in what 
is now Perry County, Indiana. He was an officer under Gen. 
Harrison in the Indian wars in that section, and was in the 
battle of Tippecanoe in 1811; also a representative from Perry 
County in the Territorial Convention of Indiana in 1816, and 
helped to induct that territory into the Union. 

The youngest son of Edmond. James Polk, lived all his 
life in Kentucky, dying about 1850. As James Polk's eldest 
child, William, was born in Feb.. 1805. his marriage to Nancy 
xA.bell must have occurred the year previous, 1804. His tomb- 
stone in the family graveyard in Indiana bears only the name 
"James Polk," without dates of birth or death. 

James Polk's wife, Nancy Abell, it said, was a sister of 
Ignatius Abell, who married Kitty Polk, his sister. A number 
of families who intermarried with the children of Capt. Charles 
and Edmond Polk also emigrated to Indiana, settling near 
each other in Perry and Gibson, and also in Knox County, 
near Vincennes, then the military and civic capital of that 
frontier, presided over by General Wm. Henry Harrison, Terri- 
torial Governor. Under him the Polks and their kinsmen, the 
Bruces, Spencers and others served with marked credit in the 
Indian Wars, and later in the W^ar of 1812. 


The children born to Edmond Polk and wife were: 

(1) Thomas, b. 1768, d. , married Lucy . 

(2) Rev. Charles, b. Sept. 26. 1770. d. July 25, 1836, mar- 
ried Willey Dever, Aug. 3, 1790. 



(3) Edmond, Jr., b. about 17T2, d. July 28, 1861, at Chi- 
cago, 111. 

(4r) Hannah, b. about ini:, d. , married Adam Guthrie, 

of Nelson County. Kentucky. 

(5) Kitty, b. about 1776, d. , married Ignatius Al)ell, 

of Nelson County, Kentucky. 

(6) Sallie, b. about 1778, d. l&io, married Zach Fowler. 
(Some say Thomas Tobin, of Tobinsport, Ind.) 

(7) Mary (Polly), b. about 1780, d. unmarried at Bloom- 
field, Ky. 

(8) Nancy, b. about 1783, d. unmarried at Bloomfield, Ky. 

(9) James, b. about 1784, d. 1850, married Nancy Abell, 
of Nelson County, Kentucky. 

Of the above children of Edmond Polk, Thomas and Rev. 
Charles left Kentucky in 1808 and removed to Polk's Bottom, 
Perry County, Indiana, on the Ohio River, where they pur- 
chased and settled on fine tracts of land and raised larsre fam- 
ilies. Charles represented Perry county in the first Consti- 
tutional Convention of Indiana, in 1816, when that territory 
came into the Union. He was a Baptist minister, and a man 
of recognized ability and influence among his fellows. Ed- 
mond Polk, Jr., moved from Kentucky to Indiana, w^here he 
married Esther Tobin, and later to Illinois, entering 160 acres 
of land that is now a part of the site of Chicago. He raised 
a large family of children and died there. 

Hannah Polk married Adam Guthrie, of Nelson County, 
and had a number of children, one of whom was Hon. James 
Guthrie, a wealthy financier of Louisville, who was Secretary 
of the United States Treasury, under President Pierce. Their 
descendants are numerous in Kentucky and other states. Kitty 
Polk, wIto married Ignatius Abell, of Nelson County, had a 
number of children. They settled at Corydon. Sallie Polk, 
who married Zach Fowler, also had a number of children, 
says Col. A\'. A. Polk, of Vicksburg, Miss. One of Sallie's 
descendants, however. Mrs. Jacy P. Simons, of Tobinsport, 
says Sallie married Thomas Tobin. If so, he was likely a 
second husband. 

408 P O LK F A M I LY A N D KI N S M E N 


Thomas Polk (first child of Edmond, Sr.) married Lucy 

, and had a family, but the name of but one, Edmond, is 

preserved. The latter married, in ls21, Esther Tobin, and 
had a son, Edmond, 3rd, b. July 31, 1S31, who is living at Tob- 
insport, Ind., where his son, George L. Polk, is a merchant. In 
1856, Edmond married Lucinda Winchell and had issue: 
^Lizzie; -Abbey; ^George L. ; "^Alinnie. The latter married 
Jarrett Kinder ; George L. married Susan A. Crow, in 1S92, 
and had issue: ^Lloyd; -Ma3nTie ; '"^Alabel; ''Alma. George 
Polk (second son of Edmond and Esther (Tobin) Polkj, 

b. , married Amanda Ryan and had issue: ^Riley; ~Mary; 

"Xancy ; ■*Emma ; •''Robert ; all of Cloverport, Ky. 

Rev. Charles Polk (second son of Edmond Sr.), who mar- 
ried Willey Dever, had ten children viz.: 

(1) Polly, b. Aug. 6, 1791, d. Sept. 11, 1818. 

(2) Edmond, b. May 19, 1791, d. July 28, 1861. 

(3) Richard, b. Oct. 11, 1796, d. . 

(4) Greenville, b. Nov. 12, 1798, d. . 

(.5) Ilion, b. March 14, 1802, d. :\[arch -5, 1803. 

(6) Thomas, b. Jan. 22, 1804, d. . 

(7) James, b. Jan. 22, 1806, d. 1873. 

(8) Aaron, b. Jan. 11. 1808, d. Aug. 1, 181.5. 

(9) Ephraim, b. Feb. 18, 1810, d. July 27, 1815. 
(10) Helen, b. Dec. 5, 1811, d. Aug. 29, 1815. 

Their Children. 

Polly Polk (first child of Rev. Chas. Polk), married — 

Tobin and had issue. 

Edmond Polk (second Child of Rev. Chas. Polk), married 
Polly Winchell and had: Margaret and Avery (twins), b. 
1794. Avery still living in June, 1911. 

Richard Polk (third child of Rev. Chas. Polk), married 
Patsy Sterrett. Issue, unknown. 

Greenville Polk (fourth child of Rev. Chas. Polk), married 
Matilda Sims, Dec 5, 1827, she b. June 12, 1806 at Springfield, 
Ky. They had issue : ^A son, who married and had a daugh- 
ter, Addie, who married a Mr. Payne, of Tobinsport, Ind. ; 



Louisville, Ky., son of Hannah Polk, daughter of Capt 

yChas. Polk. 



-Aaron, untraced ; ■^Edmond and Alary (twins), untraced ; 
^Nancy, married Henry Miller, Feb. 8, 1859. 

William Henry and Jane, two youngest children, untraced. 

Nancy and Henry Miller had a daughter, Ada, b. March 
18, 186U, married James H. Payne and they had: ^Xancy 
Helen; -Anna Mary; •'^Xellie Stewart; '^Lloyd Aliller; ^Janie 
Beatrice; ''IJernice Taylor. 

Thomas (sixth child of Rev. Chas. Polk), married Mal- 
vina Ryan. Issue, unknown. 

James (seventh child of Rev. Chas. Polk), married Char- 
lotte Humphrey and had: ^W'm. Riley; -Rosina ; ^Lavinia ; 
^Willia ; ^Commodore ; ''Dorinda ; 'Edwin ; ^Eliza. 

W'm. Riley, b. July U, 1839, married Eliza Gilbert, in 

]8(JS. They had issue: ^Bertha, b. ; -Anna, b. ; 

^Mary, b. ; '^Eliza and Jacy (twins), b. . Bertha is 

now (1911) living, but the others are dead. W'm. Riley's 
daughter. Jacey, married a Mr. Simons and resides at Tobins- 

(8) Aaron (eighth child of Rev. Chas. Polk), b. Jan. 12, 
1808, d. Aug. 11, 1815. 

(9) Ephraim (ninth child of Rev. Chas. Polk), b. Feb. 18, 

1810, d. July 27, 1815. 

(10) Helen (tenth child of Rev. Chas. Polk), b. Dec. 5, 

1811, d. Aug. 29, 1815. 


The children of James Polk and his wife. Nancy (Abell) 
Polk, were : 

(1) Felix AI., b. about 180:3, d. winter 1877-8. 

(2) William, b. Feb. 9, 1805, d. Dec. 18, 1877. 

(3) Maria A., b. about 1807, d. 1878. 

(4) Claiborne, b. June 20, 1811, d. at Fort Branch, Ind., 
Sept. 20, 1901. 

(5) Geo. Washington, b. 1813, d. . 

(6) Rev. Alexander Hamilton, b. May 5, 1818, d. at Lake- 
land, Fla., Alarch 1, 1900. 

(7) Jas. Madison, b. July 31, 1820, d. Aug. 17, 1900. 

(8) Matilda, b. June 22, 1830, d. June 16, 1850. 


Felix married his counsin, Frances Matilda Polk, and left 
a dauarhter. His widow married secondly a Mr. Lane. In 
1878 his daughter and her mother (Mrs. Lane) resided near 
Paoli, Ind. 

William Polk married Sarah Shoptaw, of Nelson County, 
Kentucky. They moved to Indiana in 18.56 and she died 
Feb. 3, 1890. They had issue : ^John A., of Greenwood, Ind., 
b. March 12, 1825, d. Feb. 13, 1910. He married ^lartha Em- 

bry, of Richmond, Ky., and had issue: ^Clay, b. , married 

Anna King. One child, Otta ; -Sallie, b. Jan. 5, 1862. married 
Willard Harmon. One child, Florence E., b. 1895; ^Edward, 
b. 1869; ^Robert, b. 18T3, married Cora Sheeks. No issue; 
^Augusta, b. 1867, married Linley Hester. One child that 
died young; *'Lee, b. 1877, unmarried in 1910. 

John A. Polk was a meml^er of the Indiana Legislature 
and made a large fortune in the canning of vegetables. 

(2) Col. Burr H. Polk (second son of Wm. Polk), b. 
Jan. 15, 1835, d. May 15. 18S7. He married Eliza Ann Mont- 
gomery (b. Oct. 20, 1837, d. June 13, 1909) and they had 
issue: ^Carrie Sidney, b. Dec. 17, 1858, married James Mc- 
Clelland Irwin, of Ouincy, 111., Oct. 10, 1883. They had 
children: Annie, b. Oct. 1, 1884, d. Aug. 18, 1885; 
Burr Irwin, b. Dec. 25, 1885; Jas. Matthew Irwin, b. March 
7, 1889; -Idsi, h. May 6, 1861, d. May 8, 1863; ^Frank Mont- 
gomery, h. Feb. 2S, 1864. At the l)eginning of the Spanish- 
American War he entered the army, with rank of First Lieu- 
tenant, and served in the Philippines, He was transferred to 
the Regular Army as a Second Lieutenant, and died in serv- 
ice, April 30, 1901. 

(4) Edna, b. Dec. 31, 1S74, married Burton W. AMlson, 
Attorney-at-Law, June 17, 1902, and they now reside in the 
City of Mexico. They have three children : ^Donald, 
b. bee. 9, 1903; -Burr Polk, b. at Lincoln, Neb., Sept, 25, 
1905; ^Mary Elizabeth, b. in ^^lexico City, June 16, 1909. 

Col. Burr H, Polk was a man of prominence in the Civil 
War and subsequent thereto. In the Army of the Cumlier- 
land he bore the rank of Colonel and served on the staffs of 
General George IT. Thomas, and others. After the close of 
the war lie resided for a time at \"icksburg, as special cor- 


respondent of the Cincinnati Commercial, his talents tending 
strongly to journalism. Later he made a tour of Europe, an 
account of which, graphic and highly interesting, was pub- 
lished in book form in 1879. 

The United States Army Register gives the following 
data concerning the military positions held by Col. Burr H. 
Polk: "Polk, Burr H., Ky.-Ind. ; Capt. 33d Ind. Inf., Sept. 
*;, 18(il; Capt. A. A. G. Vols., March 11, 1863; Major A. A. 
o. Vols., April 20, 1864; Bvt. Lt. Col. and Col. Vols., March 
13, 1865, for faithful and efficient service. Honorably mus- 
tered out Feb. 27, 1866. 

(3) James Polk, of Waterford, Spencer County, Ky., 
(third child of \\'m. Polk and Sarah Shoptaw), b. Aug. 15, 

1837, d. , married and had five children : ^James 

Guthrie; -Nathan; ^Christopher; ^Charles; ^Madison. 

(4) Eliza Polk (fourth child of Wm. Polk and Sarah Shop- 
taw) b. Feb. 5, 1841, was twice married. Her first husband 
(Dec. 10, 1867) was H. C. Wood, of Taylorsville, Ky., by whom 
she had a son, Harry Wood. Her second husband was Dr. 
Zachariah Carnes, of Greenwood, Ind. By the latter she had 
a daughter, Floy Carnes. Dr. Carnes died Jan. 10, 1!J10. 
Harry is unmarried. Floy married Mr. Moll, an attorney-at- 
iaw of Indianapolis, and they have three children. 

(5) Wm. Lancaster Polk (fifth child of Wm. Polk and 
Sarah Shoptaw) b. May 8, 1844, moved from Indiana to 
Mississippi in 1869, engaging in planting and the business 
of a civil engineer. He resided at his death at Vicksburg. He 
married Alice Howe, of Indiana, by whom he had issue: 
nValter Howe, b. in Indiana, Dec. 3, 1867; -Paul M., b. Nov. 
12, 1878, married Alice Garth Downing, of Yazoo City, Miss., 
Nov. 29, 1911; ^Clara Graham, b. March 11, 1882; ^Lancaster, 
b. Sept. 14, 1884, d. June 30, 1907. 

Walter Howe Polk married (June 14, 1894) Lillian Mont- 
gomery, daughter of Major W. E. Montgomery and grand- 
daughter of Chas. Clark, War Governor of Mississippi, 1860- 
1865. Issue : ^Montgomery Howe, April ,4, 1895 ; ^Clara May, 
b. Oct. 23, 1896; ^Walter Howe, Jr., b. Oct. 10, 1898; ^Lillian 
Graham, b. June 18, 1901 ; ^Alice Gertrude, b. June 14, 1903, 
d. July 21, 1904; ^Horace Stuart, b. Aug. 17, 1905 ; ^Wm. Paul, 


b. Nov. 16, 1906. Charles and Elialieth Polk (twins and young- 
est children of Win. Polk and Sarah Shoptaw) were born 
June 16, 1847. Chas. died Aug. 7, 1903, and Elizabeth, May 
25, 1908. Charles married a Miss Dickerson and had: ^Dolly; 
-Stella; ^Opal ; '^Nettie. Elizabeth married Daulton Wilson 
and had: Mjurr; -Susie; ^Clifton; "^Bessie; ^Hal. Susie mar- 
ried John Guthrie. Hal married Lenore Harmon and they 
have one child, Jane. 

George Washington Polk (fifth child of James Polk, born 
in Nelson County, Kentucky, about 1816, married Mary Em- 
bree and after the Civil \\'ar moved to Greenwood, Indiana, 
where he established a vegetable canning factory and accumu- 
lated a fortune. The business is still carried on by his son, 
James Thomas Polk, The children of George W^ashington 
Polk and wife were: ^Wm. F. ; -Frances Jones; ^James 
Thomas ; ^Alice ; •''Florence ; ''Perry E. 

Maria Polk (daughter of James Polk), b. in Nelson 
County, Kentucky, about 1807, married William Bivin of 
Hardin County, Kentucky. They removed to Princeton, Ind., 
both dying in 1878, and left issue : . 

Matilda Polk (daughter of James Polk), b. June 27, 18:30, 
d. June 16, 1850, married first, Jno. B. Worrell of Jackson 
County, Missouri. No issue. Secondly, married Jas. F. Cun- 
ningham, a pork merchant of Mobile, Ala., later of Cincin- 
nati, and left issue : , , , . 

James Madison Polk, youngest son of James Polk, was 
born in Nelson County, July 31, 1820, died Aug. 17, 1900, in 
Spencer County, Ky. He married Minerva Cochran, born 
Dec. 27, 1824. She died May 20, 1898, in Spencer County. 


The children born to James Madison Polk and wife were: 

(1) Frances Matilda, b. in Jefferson County, Kentucky, 
Feb. 13, 1849. 

(2) James Guthrie, b. in Bullitt County, Kentucky, Feb. 
25, 1851. 

(3) Nathan William, b. in Bullitt County, Dec. 24, 1852. 

(4) Mary Catherine. 1). in Bullitt County. Dec. 10. 1854. 


(5) Henry Hamilton, b. in Indiana, Feb. 9, 1857. 

(6) Alvin Crist, b. in Spencer County, Kentucky. Dec. 4, 

(7) Sarah Isabella, b. in Spencer County, April 16, 1863. 

(8) Charles Pelham, b. in Spencer County, March 23, 1865. 

(9) Aladison Cochran, b. in Spencer County, Jan. 30, 1868. 
Sarah Isabella, Chas. Pelham and Aladison Cochran, liv- 
ing and unmarried. 

James Madison and Minerva Cochran were married Sept. 
24, 1846. James Guthrie and ]\Iary Elizabeth Baird were 
married Xov. 16, 18T4. Frances Matilda and Felix 'M. PdIIv 
were married Aug. 31, 1882. He was a son of James Polk and 
Ann Abell. Nathan Wm. and Carrie Cochran (no relation) 
were married Jan. 19, 1887. Henry Hamilton and Rosa Ely 
were married Sept. 24, 1891. The other children of James 3*1. 
and ]\Iinerva Cochran are yet unmarried. 

Frances 'M. Polk, who married Felix M. Polk, died without 
issue, at Princeton, Ind., Oct. 15, 1888. 

James Guthrie Polk and wife had six children, all born 
in Spencer County, Kentucky: ^Elida Bertie, b. Aug. 24, 1875; 
2Annie Elizabeth, b. May 20, 1878; ^Charles Weldon. b. Jan. 1, 
1881; nVilliam :\Iadison, b. Feb. 11. 1883; ^Jacob Boswell, b. 
Sept. 28, 1884; «Harry Glover, b. July 8, 1887. Elida Bertie, 
first child of James Guthrie Polk, married Chas. ]\Iuir, Jan. 
30, 1900; one child. 

William Madison Polk, above named, was killed by an 
accident on board his ship, the U. S. S. Prairie, at Old Point 
Comfort. A'a., Xov. 9, 1904. He was a Xaval Apprentice on 
that ship. Elida Bertie Polk, first child of James Guthrie 
Polk and wife, married Charles Muir Jan. 30, 1900. They have 
one child, Peter Brown Muir, born July 2, 1903. 

Nathan W. Polk and wife had issue: ^Roy Cochran, b. 
in Spencer County, Jan. 8, 1888; ^Burr Herring, b. in Spencer 
County, Sept. 10, 1889; 2:\Iary Ruth, b. in Spencer County, 
Nov. 28, 1891; ^Xellie Lee, b. in Spencer County, Sept. 16, 
1893 ; •'^Charles Broadus, b. in Spencer County, Sept. 26, 1895. 
These are all unmarried. 

Mary Catharine, fourth child of James M. and Minerva 
(Cochran) Polk, died unmarried, Dec. :!1, 190 !. 



Henry Hamilton Polk and Rosa Ely, who were married 
Sept. 24, 1891, had issue. ^Maude Catharine, b. at Louisville, 
Ky., Aug. 1, 1892 ; ^Alvin Crist, Jr., b. at Louisville, Ky., Jan. 
4, 1895; ^Burley Demsey, b. at Louisville, Ky., Feb. 16, 1897. 
None of the above are married. Alvin Crist, sixth child of 
James M. and Minerva (Cochran) Polk, is unmarried. Sarah 
Isabella, seventh child of Jas. M. and Minerva (Cochran) Polk, 
is unmarried. Charles Pelham, eighth child of Jas. M. and 
Minerva Polk, also his brother, Madison Cochran, the young- 
est son of James M. and Minerva Polk, are both unmarried. 


The family Bible of James Madison Polk shows the fol- 
lowing deaths: James Madison, in Spencer County, Ken- 
tucky, Aug. 17, 1900. Minerva (Cochran) in Spencer County, 
Kentucky, May 20, 1898. Frances Matilda ,at Princeton, Ind., 
Oct. 15, 1888. Mary Catharine, in Spencer County, Kentucky, 
Dec. 31, 1904. Mary E., wife of Jas. Guthrie Polk, in Spencer 
County, Aug. 8, 1891. Wm. Madison, by accident on board 
ship, Nov. 9, 1904. 


New Salem Baptist Church, near Samuel's Depot, Xelson 
County, Kentucky, was organized Nov. 38, 1801. The first 
members were Emund Polk, Jr., Wm. Chenoweth, Mary Chen- 
oweth, Thomas Polke, Lucy Polke, Lucy French, Thomas 
Polke, Jr., and Mary McNeal. These eight persons met and 
drafted a constitution. Four were subsequently dismissed by 
letter, Chenoweth and wife ; Thos. Polke and Mary McNeal 
died in the fellowship of the church. Wm. Chenoweth gave 
the land on which the church was built. Rev. Warren Cash 
was the first pastor, preaching once a month, and Edmund 
Abell and Thomas Polke were the first deacons. The former 
was a kinsman of Ignatius Abell, who married Kitty Polk and 
of Nancy Abell, who married James Polk, daughter and son of 


Edmond Polk, Sr. For many years the church was known as 
Wilson's Creek Church, being located at the head of Wilson 

Not long- after the founding of Salem Church, some of the 
Polks of that vicinity (Capt. Chas. Polk's sons) emigrated to 
Indiana, followed later by himself (1808), and several of the 
children of Edmond Polk. Sr. Some of them afterward found- 
ed Maria Creek Baptist Church, in Knox County, they and 
their kinsmen by marriage constituting most of the member- 
ship. Deacon Edmond Polk, Jr., emigrated from Indiana to 
Chicago, where he died. His farm of 160 acres is now in- 
eluded in the bounds of that city. 

4ig P O LK F A M I LY A N D K I N S M E N 



Claiborne Polk (son of James Polk and Nancy Abell, of 
Nelson County, Kentucky), born June 20, 1811, married Sept. 
25, 1834, at Lexington, Ky., to Rachael Shoptaw. She was born 
in Nelson County, June 2, 1812, and died Aug. 20, 1855, in 
Gibson County Indiana. Claiborne Polk died Sept. 20, 1901, 
at Fort Branch, Ind. The children of Claiborne and Rachael 
(Shoptaw) Polk were : 

(1) Irwin C, b. July i, 1835, in Nelson County, Kentucky. 

(2) Mary Catherine, b. Jan. 2, 1837, at Taylorville, Ky., d. 
May 22, 1841, in Gibson County, Indiana. 

(3) John William, b. Feb. 18, 1838, at Taylorville, Ky., d. 
July 18, 1839. 

(4) Ann Elizabeth, b. May 30, 1840, in Spencer County, 
Kentucky, d. Aug. 22, 1855, in Gibson County. 

(5) Isabella, b. July 20, 1842, in Gibson County, Ind. 

(6) Theodore, b. Jan. 29, 1844, in Gibson County, Indiana, 
d. Oct. 29, 1844. 

(7) Francis Marion, b. Oct. 25, 1845, in Gibson County. 

(8) William Albert, b. Aug. 6, 1848, in Gibson County, 

(9) Caleb Clark, b. June 9, 1850, in Gibson County, In- 

(10) Sarah Jane, b. Jan. 13, 1852, in Gibson County, 

(11) Geo. Calvin, b. Dec. 19, 1853, in Gibson County, d. 
Sept. 17, 1860. 

Claiborne Polk was married to his second wife, Mary Mc- 
Mullen, May 15, 1856. To this union one child was born, 
Etta A. Polk. Mary McMuIlen Polk died Jan. 15, 1899. 

Etta A. Polk, born July 21, 1858, was married Dec. 8, 
1874, in Gibson County, Indiana, to James Thomas W^ither- 
spoon. Mrs. Witherspoon resides at Princeton, Ind. Their 





sons of James Polk and Nancy Abell, of Kentucky. 


children, all born in Gibson County, were : ^Cora, b. Dec. 
"28, 1875. Residence, ^^'ebster Grove, ]\Io. ; -Maude, b. Feb. 
19, 1878. Residence, St. Louis, AIo. : ^George, b. March 24, 
1880. Residence, Kansas City, Kan. ; -^Charles, b. July 3, 1882. 
Residence, 79 Julia St., Edmonton, Canada ; ^Lucelia, b. Jan. 29, 
1884, d. April 14, 1885; «Eva, b. Jan. 26, 188(3. Residence, 
527 Fox St., Edmonton, Canada ; 'Grace, b. Sept. 15, 1888. 
Residence, No. U E. 44th St., Chicago, 111. ; ^Alae, b. Alay 2, 
1901. Residence, Stony Plain, Canada ; ^Stella, b. Dec. 3, 
1898. Residence, Princeton, Ind. 


Irwin C. I'olk, son and eldest child of Claiborne Polk, 
married Sept. 15, 1853, at King Station, Ind., to Elizabeth 
Marlotte, b. Nov. 4, 1830. She died Dec. 30, 1908, at Harri- 
sonville, AIo. Their children were: ^Dovie Estella, b. Jan. 
27, 1852. near Princeton, Ind., married Jan. 27, 1876, 
James Lewis Pringle, b. near Dayton, Ore., Dec. 10, 1853. 
Residence, 2342 Calumet Ave., Chicago. Issue: C\gnes, un- 
married; -Henry, b. , married Anna Isadore Rapkoch ; 

^Jessie Pringle, b. , unmarried ; ^Lillian Pringle, b. , 

unmarried. Harry resides at 607 Woodland Park. Chicago. 
These children were all born at Danville, 111. 

-William C, b. . Present address, Roswell, New 

Alexico; =*Edward J., b. . Present address, Harrisonville, 

AIo. ; ^A. P.., b. ; ^C. E., b. ; '^C. L.. b, , 

The Pringle family are all musicians, and organized the 
Pringle Concert Company, which has toured the country and 
delighted lovers of good music. Going to Europe to finish 
their musical education, they studied under the best masters. 
In Berlin, Lillian studied under Anton Hekking. Jessie had 
several eminent voice teachers, among them George Furgeson 
and Frantz Prochowsky. She also studied thoroughly the 
French, German and Italian languages, which she speaks 
fluently. The present address of the family is Sanford, Fla. 


Isabella Polk (daughter of Clail)orne Polk), born July 
20, 1852, Gibson County, Indiana, married Sept. 25, 1862, at 


King Station, Ind., to I. Robert Kendle, 1). Se])t. 1 I, isiii, and 
died Jan. 5, 1905, at Princeton, Ind. They had no children. 
The present address of Mrs. Kendle is Princeton, Ind. 


Francis Marion Polk (son of Claiborne Polk) was born 
Oct. 35, 1<S1:5, in Gibson County, Indiana, and died Dec. 39, 
1905, at Mound City, Kan. He was married Oct. 28, 1880, 
to Miss Emma La Grange of Gibson County. They had no 
children. ]^Irs. Polk resides at Mound City, Kan. 


W'm. Albert Polk (son of Claiborne Polk), born Aug. G, 
1848, in Gibson County, Indiana, married Sept. 17, 1871, and 
died Jan. 25, 1904, at Fort Branch, Ind. His wife Eliza Ann 
Rycroft, was born ^larch 14, 1851, at Durham, England. 
Their children were : ^Walter Clyde, b. July 30, 1873, in Gib- 
son County, Indiana; ^Dora Isabella, b. Jan. 37, 1874, at Mad- 
isonville, Ky., d. Aug. 34, 1905, at Fort Branch, Ind. ; ^Caleb 
Claude, b. :\Iarch 22, 1876, at Madisonville Ky. ; ^Robert 
Kendle, b. Aug. (5, 1878, at Madisonville, Ky., married March 
10, 1911, at Geneva, 111. 

Claiborne Stanley Polk, b. Feb. 4, 1884, at Madisonville, 
Ky., d. Jan. 18, 1899, at Fort Branch, Ind. Wm. Arthur Polk, 
b. Jan. 1, 188(3, at Madisonville, Ky. ; Alice Edmund Polk, b. 
May 17, 1888, at Fort Branch, Ind. Addresses of the above 
are Fort Branch, Ind., excepting Claude Caleb Polk, who re- 
sides at Princeton, that State. 


Caleb Clark Polk (son of Claiborne Polk), born June 9, 
1850, in Gibson County, Indiana, was married Nov. 6, 1879, 
at Westfield, Ind., to Clara Thornl)urg, b. July 30, 1858. Their 
children were: ^Thomas Claiborne b. May 15, 1881, at 
Crownpoint, Ind.; -Harry Thornl^urg, b. Sept. 35, 1883, at 
Richmond, Ind.; '''Gertrude Jennie, 1). Feb. 33, 1895, at \'al- 



daughters of Mrs. Dovie (Polk) Pringle. and granddaughters of 

Claiborne Polk. 



POLK F A M I L Y A N D K I A" S M E N 425 

paraiso, Ind. The above children are all unmarried and re- 
side at A'alparaiso, near Chicago, where Caleb Clark Polk 
conducts a large school for the teaching of piano tuning. 


Sarah Jane Polk (daughter of Claiborne Polk), born Jan. 
13, 1853, was married June 1, 1873, in Gibson County, Indiana, 
to Bartlett Bennett Mollis, born April 7, 1843. Their children, 
all born in Gibson County, were: ^Heber Ernest, b. ?\Iarch 
3, 1873; ^Othniel, b. Oct. 13, 1874; ^Francis Allen, b. Nov. 5, 
1876 ; ^John Stewart, b. ^^larch 5, 1880 ; ^Rachel, b. Feb. 5, 1883 ; 
^Walter, 1). Oct. 18, 1885; ^Charles Edwin, b. Jan. IG, 1889; 
^Clarence Vannada, b. June 11, 1891. The present address of 
these is King's Station, Ind., excepting one, Heber Ernest 
Hollis, who resides at A'incennes. 


Alexander Hamilton Polk (sixth child of James Polk and 
Xancy Abell, of Nelson County, Kentucky) was born May 
5, 1818, and died March 1, 1!)()<>, at Lakeland, Fla., to which 
place he removed from Indiana in 1886. He first moved from 
Kentucky to Gibson County, Indiana, in 1836, where he en- 
gaged in farming and surveying until 1865, v.hen ne was or- 
dained as a minister of the Baptist church. He continued in 
the pulpit for seven years, and then quitting it, engaged agam 
in the work of surveying, and was chosen County Surveyor. 
Altogether, he was in the surveying business for over tlurly 
years. On Oct. 34, 1839, he was married to Miss Julian Em- 
bree, of Princeton, whose family had emigrated to Indiana 
from Kentucky. She died June 38, 1857. His secnd wife. 
I\Iiss Barshaba H. Green, he married ^larch 9, 1858. Issue 

bv first wife : 

(1) Felix Alilburn, b. Oct. 17, 1841, married in 1873, Julia 
Brown; 3nd, Fanny Polk; 3rd, Fanny Huddleson. 

(3) Silas C, b. ^larch 3. 1843. married Dec. 35, ls6(i, 
Emily J. Mc^Iullen, of Princeton, Ind. Silas C. was a soldier 
during the Civil War in the 80tli Indiana Infantry and was 

426 POL K F A M I LY A K D K I X S M E N 

badly wounded in the head at the l)attle of Perryville and still 
suffers from the wound. He settled at ]\It. Vernon, 111., in 
1S74, engaging in the real estate business. 

(3) Mary, b. Oct. 28, 1845, d. Aug. 31, 1906, married Dec. 
2. 1869, John F. Cleveland. 

(4) Matilda, b. Jan. 18, 1841, married David M. Wright, 
of Mt. Carmel, 111., about 1867-8, now a widow livine at Al- 
bion, 111., no issue. 

(5) Albert Alills, b. Dec. 2, 1849, d. Nov. 3, 1860. 

(6) Sarah, b. :\Iarch 13, 1848, unmarried, and living at 
Lakeland, Fla. 

(7) Edward Bates, 1st, b. Dec. 29, 1862, d. Feb. 11, 1863. 

(8) Lucius, b. Sept. 25, 1854, d. Dec. 12, 1854. Laura and 
Lucius were twins. 

(9) Rosetta, b. 1855, d. in infancy. 

(10) A son. b. June 4, 1857, d. at birth. 

(11) Fannie B. Polk, b. Feb. 19, 1859, d. Aug. 6, 1873. 

(12) Laura Ellen, b. Sept. 25, 1854, married Sept. 1873, 
Isaac Spore. 

(13) Edward Bates, 2d, b. Dec. 29, 1862, unmarried, and 
living at Lakeland. Fla. Civil Engineer. 

(14) Olive, b. Nov. 17, 1864, d. Oct. 17, 1865. 


Silas C. Polk and wife, Emily, had issue: 

(1) Vesta, b. 1867, married John F. Bogan, an attorney 
of Alt. Vernon, 111. They had no issue. 

(2) Julia, b. Jan. 25, 1870, married C. Elmer Rutherford. 
Issue: ^Raymond E., b. April 8, 1895; ^Dorothy, b. April 16, 

(3) Lucius, b. Alarch 1, 1875, married, 1903, Alinnie 
Hodges, of Cannon City, Col. Issue: ^Orville ; -Harold. 

(4) Euseba, b. July 4, 1877, unmarried. Residence, Bir- 
mingham, Ala., school teacher. 

(5) Laura, b. Feb. 11, 1879, married Aug. 1, 1903, Robt. 
E. L. Dickson, of Virginia. Issue: ^A.lbert E., b. May 20, 
1907; ^Sidney, b. Feb. 2, 1908; ^Virginia, b. Tulv 28, 1909. 


(6) Albert H., b. Sept. 1, 1873, married Sept. 190^ to Ollie 
Lanham, of St. Louis, ]\Io. Issue: ^Lillian; -Evelyn. 

Mary Polk Cleveland, wife of Jno. F. Cleveland, had is- 
sue: ^Roger P., b. 187t), married Mary Hopkins; -Fannie, 
b. Sept. 12, 1872, married, 1893, Benjamin Benson; ^Flossie, 
b. 1874, married J. \'aden Lee; ^Charles, b. about 1876, mar- 
ried, 1906, Mabel McDonald. 

Felix Milburn Polk and his first wife, Julia (Brown) 
Polk, had one child, Laura Maud. 

^Laura Maud, b. ]\Iay 15, 1873, unmarried; -Frank Em- 

bree, b. Xov. 1875, married Rose , and has two children, 

who live in Illinois; ^Fred Harrison, b. Dec. 32, 1877, unmar- 
ried; ^Lester, b. 1880^ unmarried. Residence, Momence, 111. 
He is said to be the only child of the family. Now at Perdue 
L^niversity, Indiana. 

Laura Ellen Polk and husband, Isaac Spore had issue: 
iHarvey, b. Aug. 1874, d. July 9, 1876; -Fanny, b. May 5, 
1877, married, 1896, Oscar Woodson, of St. Louis, Mo.; 
^Florence E., b. 1880, unmarried, residence, Owensville. Ind. ; 
^Della May, b. 1893. The first ten children of Rev. Alexander 
Hamilton Polk were by his first wife, Julia Embree : the four 
last l)y his second wife, Bursha B. Green. 

428 P O LK F A M I LY A N D K I .V S M E N 


Rev. Isaac McCoy was born June 1:5, 17S4, at L'niuntown, 
Pa., and died June 21, 184(3, at Louisville, Ky. His wife, 
Christiana Polk, daughter of Capt. Charles Polk, was born in 
what was then Shelby County, Kentucky, Nov. 12, 1787, and 
died at Woodside, Jackson County, Mo., in 1850. They were 
married Oct. 6, 18(:);5, in Shelby County, Kentucky, and emi- 
grated to Indiana in l8ls, where he enlisted in Indian Mission- 
ary work, in which he continued throughout life. He was an 
earnest, zealous IJaptist preacher and in his missionary duties 
was devotedly assisted l)y his wife. To them were born 
thirteen children, viz. : 

(1) Mahala, b. Aug. ]n, 1804, d. .Vug. ;n, 1M8. 

(2j Dr. Rice. 1). Jan. 27, 1807, d. May 26, 1833. 

(3) Dr. Josephus, b. April 13, 1808, d. June 27, 1831. 

(4) Delilah, b. Nov. 24, 1809, d. -. 

(5) John Calvin, b. Sept. 28, 1811, d. Sept. 2. 1889. 

(6) Elizabeth, b. Aug., 1813, d. . 

(7) Sarah, b. April 13, 1815, d. previous to July 30. 1835. 

(8) Christiana, b. Oct. 19, 1,S17, d. Feb. 10. 1837. 

(9) Nancy Judson, b. Feb. 2(i, 1819, d. 1S50. 

(10) Eleanor, b. July 29. 1821, d, Jan. 11, 1839. 

(11) Maria Slaughter, b. Nov. 29, 1823, d. . 

(12) Isaac, Jr., b. April, 1825, d. May, 1849. 

(13) Charles Rice, b. Feb., 1821, d. in earlv vouth. 
\[^) So- b. » Jl- t\ ?. % I <f3l 


The eldest child, Mahala, and the last one, Charles Rice, 
died in youth, as above shown. Dr. Rice, Dr. Josephus, Eliz- 
abeth, Nancy Judson and Maria Slaughter are said to have 
all died unmarried. Delilah McCoy married Feb. 29, 1828, 
Dr. Johnston Lykins. He was of a A^irginia familv and was 

POLK FA M I LY A A" D K I N S M E A' 429 

born in 180U in Virginia, dying at Kansas City, ]\Io., Aug. 15, 
1856. They had issue: HX'ilham Hall Richardson, b. Xov. 
29, 1828, in Lexington, Ky., died June 15, 1893, at, Kansas City, 
Mo.; ^Sarah, b. , d, ; ^Charles ^McCoy, b. , d. in in- 
fancy; ^Julia McCoy, b. Xov. 14, 1839, at Louisville, Ky., d. 
Sept. 14, 1872, at Kansas City, Mo. Wm. Hall Richardson 
Lykins was married Dec. 10, 1857, in Kansas City, to Cornelia 
Victoria Smith, b. Jan. 16, 1838, at Charleston, S. C, nuw 

(1911) residing in Kansas City, ^lo. Sarah Lykins, b. , 

married Egbert Freeland Russell. Julia ]\IcCoy Lykins, 

b. , married Oct. 12, 1858, in Kansas City. Dr. Theodore 

Spencer Case, b. Jan. 26, 1832, at Jackson, Ga., d. Feb. 16, 19U0, 
in Kansas City. 

William Hall Richardson Lykins and his wife, Cornelia 


Compiled by William H. McCoy in 1915 
Edited by Elizabeth Hay ward 

The Tuttle Publishing Co., Inc., Rutland, Vt., 1939. 20 pp. and Index. 

Genealogical and biographical data on 250 descendants of James McCoy, who settled in 
Pennsylvania before the Revolution. Eight generations of this family have lived in the United 
States. The majority of those listed here are from Indiana and other midwestern states. 

Outstanding members of the family are: Isaac McCoys missionary to the Indians from 1817 
to 1846, John Calvin McCoy, a founder of Kansas City, Mo., and Col. John C. McCoy, a 
founder of Dallas, Tex. The family has been closely identified with the Baptist denomination, 
as evidenced by the inclusion of the names of six Baptist ministers, three missionaries and 
such Baptist leaders as Deacon John McCoy, a founder of Franklin College. 

Names other than McCoy which figure prominently in this record are: Huston, Little (or 
Littell), McCormick, Payne and Taggart. 

Price: $1.00. Please send remittance with order to: 

Mrs. Sumner H.\yw.\rd, 224 Richards Road, Ridgewood, New Jersey. 

siding- at Kansas City; ^lohnson i.ykms, b. Aov., i.^.., re- 
siding at Arizona. Tnlia Louis Russell married Samuel Barn- 
hill and thev had four children : 'Wm. Allen Barnhill, b. : 

^Claude Barnhill, of Los Angeles, b. ; -'Harlow BarnhiU, 

b ; -'Bernice Barnhill, b. . Theodora Case Russell mar- 
ried Elijah Havs Bettis. and they had issue: ^Francis Allison, 

428 POL K F A M I L Y A N D K I N S M E .V 



Rev. Isaac McCoy was born June lo, HSI, at L'niontown, 
Pa., and died June 21, 184(5, at Luuisville, Ky. His wife, 
Christiana Polk, daughter of Capt. Charles Polk, was born in 
what was then Shelby County, Kentucky, Nov. 12, 1787, and 
died at W'oodside, Jackson County, AId., in Ls.jD. They were 
married Oct. (), 1803, in Shelby County, Kentucky, and emi- 
grated to Indiana in isis^ where he enlisted in Indian Mission- 
ary work, in which he continued thrdUL'hout life. He was an 

The eldest child, :Mahala, and the last one, Charles Rice, 
died in youtli, as above shown. Dr. Rice, Dr. Josephus, Eliz- 
abeth, Xancy Judson and Maria Slaughter are said to have 
all died unmarried. Delilah McCoy married Feb. 29, 1828, 
Dr. Johnston Lykins. lie was of a Virginia family and was 



born in LSUU in Virginia, dying at Kansas City, AIo., Aug. 15, 
1856. They had issue: ^William Hall Richardson, b. Xov. 
29, 1828, in Lexington, Ky., died June 15, 1893, at Kansas City, 
Mo.; -Sarah, b. , d, ; ^Charles :\IcCoy, b. , d. in in- 
fancy; •^Julia AlcCoy, b. Xov. 14, 1839, at Louisville, Ky., d. 
Sept. 14, 1872, at Kansas City, Mo. Wm. Hall Richardson 
Lykins was married Dec. lU, 185T, in Kansas City, to Cornelia 
Victoria Smith, b. Jan. 16, ls3s, at Charleston, S. C. now 

(1911) residing in Kansas City, ^lo. Sarah Lykins, b. , 

married Egbert Freeland Russell. Julia McCoy Lykins, 

b.- , married Oct. 12, 1858, in Kansas City. Dr. Theodore 

Spencer Case, b. Jan. 26, 1832, at Jackson, Ga., d. Feb. 16, 1900, 
in Kansas City. 

\\'illiam Hall Richardson Lykins and his wife, Cornelia 
A'ictoria has issue: Mohnston Franklin, b. Oct. 16, 1838 d. 
unmarried at Kansas City, Feb. 3, 1887; -Susan Elizabeth, b. 
Nov. 29, I860, at Lawrence, Kan., d. May 21, 1892, at Kansas 
City; ^Delilah McCoy, b. June 24, 1863, at Lawrence, Kan., 
now (1911) single and residing at Kansas City. 

Susan Elizabeth, married Nov. 6, 1881. Vm. Whitehead 
Thacher, of Kansas City. They had two children : Nina Etta 
Thacher, born Feb. H), 1883, died July IT, 1884, and Lilah 
Case Thacher, born Oct. 24, 1885, died November 19, 1904. 
They live at Pennington, \t. 

Sarah Lykins and her husband, Egbert Freeland Russell 

had issue: ^Zenette Freeland, b. , d. about 1886; -\\'m. 

Lykins, b. , d. at 18 years of age; '''Julia Louise, b. ; 

^Effie, b. , d. in infancy; ^^Mattie, b. , d. in infancy; 

^'Lillian, b. , d. in infancy; "Theodora Case, b. , resid- 
ing now (T911 ) at Independence, Mo. ; ^Cornelia A'ictoria, 

b. . Zenette Freeland Russell married Harlow Johnson 

Boyce, May, 1870. He was b. April 17, 1844, at Castalia. 
Ohio. They had issue: ^Chas. McCoy, b. Nov. 18, 1873, re- 
siding at Kansas City ; -Johnson Lykins, b. Nov., 1877, re- 
siding at Arizona. Julia Louis Russell married Samuel Barn- 
hill, and they had four children: ^W'm. Allen Barnhill, b. : 

-Claude Barnhill, of Los Angeles, b. ; ^Harlow Barnhill, 

b. ; '^Bernice Barnhill, b. . Theodora Case Russell mar- 
ried Elijah Hays Bettis, and they had issue: ^Francis Allison, 

430 P ^ L '-^ P --i -1^ ^ ^ ^' --^ ^V D KI N S M E N 

h. April 11, 1SS2, married Daisy Barwick, Dec. 18, 11)01). Res- 
idence, Independence, AIo. ; -Sarah Lucas, b. , d. in in- 
fancy; ^Alexander Erwin, ]). Dec. Ki, iss.'i, married ]\Iabel 
Pickett, Oct. 30, 1907. They have one child, Russell Hunting- 
ton, b. Oct. 23, 1908; ^Zenie Russell, b. . 

Cornelia Victoria married Isaac N. Brown, and they have 
issue ^Lillian; -\Vm. Russell; '^Sarah ; '^Theodora ; ^Helen; 
^'Julia, and a son, aged four years. 

Julia McCoy Lykins and her husband, Dr. Theodore 
Spencer Case had issue: ^Alattie Lykins, b. June 26, 18'U), 
d. Jan. 20, 18G5 ; -'Emily Arabella, b. Sept. 15, 18G1, d. March 

8, 1865; ^'Olive Spencer, b. Sept. 3, 1865, d. Feb. 9, 1869; 
^Delilah McCoy, b. Aug. 25, 1867. Delilah married Dec. 25, 
1889, Geo. Carroll Cowles, b. Jan. 16, 1862, in lUitler, Ky., 
now residing in Kansas City. They had issue : ^Theoduie 
William Cowles, b. Sept. 21, 1890, d. April 26, 1892; -A .>on 
who died at birth, Oct. 13, 1895; **Margaret Cowles, b. ( )ct. 
29, 1896, d. Oct. 31, 1896; 

Johnston Lykins Case, b. Feb. 15, 1870, is living in Mexico, 
and said to be unmarried. ■''Ermine Cowles Case, b. Sept. 11, 
1871, married June 23, 1898, Mary Margaret Snow, b. Aug. 

9, 1872. They live at Ann Arbor, Mich., and have issue: 
^Francis Huntington, b. April 4, 1899, is unmarried; -Theo- 
dore Johnston, b. March 16, 1911. \(\vt 

John Calvin McCoy, fifth child of Rev. Isaac and Chris- 
tiana (Polk) McCoy, married twice. His first wife, to wh.)m 
he was united Jan. 23, 1838, in Westport, Mo., was Virginia 
Chick, b. Dec. 22. 1820, d. May 28, 1849. Rev. Isaac McCoy, 
his father, performing the ceremony. His second wife, Eliz- 
abeth M. (Woodson) Lee, was born in Jessamine County, 
Kentucky. She was the widow of Gary Lee. By his first 
wife, Virginia Chick, John Calvin McCoy had issue: ^Jose- 
phus, b. Dec. 6, 1838, d. Sept. 2, 1843; ^Eleanor (Nelly), b. 
July 2, 1840, residence. Rich Hill, Mo. ; •"'Juliette, b. Feb. 16, 
1842, residence, 805 Olive St., Kansas City Mo.; ^Spencer 
Cone b. July 25, 1844, killed Jan. 8, 1863, in battle at Spring- 
field, Mo.; -nVm. Chick, b. Feb. 21, 1846, d. May 12, 1848; 
^'Virginia, b. Aug. 22, 1848, living in Texas. 

By his second wife, Airs. Elizabetn Lee, John Calvin 



McCoy had issue: 'Evelyn Byrd, b. Feb. 21, 1851 now livincr 
at Kansas City; ^Voodson, b. Sept. 26, 1855, residing at 
Wilder, Kas ; ^John Calvin, Jr., b. ]\Iarch 8, 1853, d. Dec. 11 
1905. ' 


William 2\Iiles Chick, born Aug. .'31. 1?91; died April 7, 
1847. Ann Eliza Smith, b. Sept. 25. 1796, d. July 24, 1876. 
They were married April 11, 1816, and had issue: ^Mary 

Jane, b. ; -\\'m. Sidney, b. ; Virginia, b. Dec. 22, 

1820, married Jno Calvin McCoy, Jan. 2:3, 1838; ^Sarah Ann, b. 
March 12, 1823, d. Jan. 2, 1846, married April 6, 1841, Col. 

Jno. W. Polk: ''U'ashington Henry, b. ; ^Joseph Smith, 

b. ; 'Martha Matilda, b. ; ^Pettus Wales, b. ; 

^Leonidas, b. . No dates of birth, marriage or death was 

furnished with above names. 



Eleanor ]\IcCoy, second child of John Calvin McCoy, mar- 
ried April 14, 1859, Dr. Wm. Warren Harris, of Rich Hill, 
Mo., who was born in Bedford County, A'a., Oct. 14, 1834. 
They had nine children, viz : ^Mrginia Spencer, b. May '2^, 
1862, residence, Kansas City; -William Warren, Jr., b. Alarch 
3, 1864, d. in infancy; "Calvin ]\IcCoy, b. Jan. 31. 1866, d. Sept. 
5, 1868; ^Thomas Hector, b. Oct. IT, 1868, d. June 23, 1870; 
^Catharine Alexander, b. Dec. 11, 1870, residence, Kansas 
City, Mo.; ^Eleanor Tyler, b. June 19, 1873, residence, Rich 
Hill, I\Io. : '''Harry Innes, b. May 17, 1875; ^Spencer Francis, 
b. Aug. 1, 1877, residence Kansas City, '\lo.\ ^Wm. W'oodson, 
b. Oct. 14, 1880, residence, Kansas City, IMo. 

Of the foregoing children of Dr. W' m. AVarren Harris and 
Eleanor McCoy, A^irginia Spencer married March 20, 1883, 
Robt. Taliaferro Thornton, b. July :5], l.s59, residence, 
Kansas City. Eleanor Tyler married Oct. 22, 1902. Jdlm 
Otto Krause, of Rich Hill. Mo., b. July 10, ls73, residence, 
Kansas City. Harry Tnnes Harris married April 1 I. 1903, 

432 I' O L K FAMILY A X U K I .V 5 M E -V 

in Nevada, Mo., Helen Byrde Cramer, b. Feb. l(i, 1880. Spen- 
cer Francis and W'm. Woodson Harris are still untrammeled 
by matrimonial cares. 

Robert Taliaferro Thornton and wife had issue: U\'ar- 
ren Thomas, M. D., b. Feb. 1, 188-i, d. March 17, IDlU, unmar- 
ried ; -Harriett, b. Jan. 21, 188(3, married Dec. 5, 19U8, Laur- 
ence Hannan Phister, b. April 21, 1885, at Maysville, Ky., 
residence, Kansas City. They have one child, Warren Thorn- 
ton Phister, b. Jan. 20, 1910; ''Robt. Taliaferro, Jr., b. Jan. ;50, 
1888, residence, Kansas City; '^Eleanor, b. Feb. 19, 189(), resi- 
dence, Kansas City; '^Virginia, b. Dec. 8, 1892, d. Jan. 13, 

Harry Innes Plarris and wife, Helen Byrde Cramer had 
issue: ^Harry Innes, Jr., b. Xov. 18, 190-4; -Margaret, b. Jan. 
14, 1907. 

Juliette McCoy, third child of John Cahin McCoy n-id 
wife, married Feb. 16, 1864, at Glasgow, Mo., Robt. Thomas 
Bass (b. Feb. 4, 1841), and they had issue: ^Lizzie, b. Jan, 
13, 1866, in Boone County, Missouri, d. July 6, 1872; -Sally 
Cay, b. May 9, 1867, married Henry Lacy Tomlin (Oct. -"i, 
1888), residence Kansas City; -"'Felix Spencer, b. Oct. 27, 1869, 
d. June 20, 1876. in Kansas; '^Calvin McCoy, b. April 3, 1873, 
married twice. First wife, Lalla DeMars (b. Autr I, i.878) in 
Wyoming', d. July 28, 1901, at Prescott, Ariz. By her he had 
one child, Lalla Marg-aret, b. July 28, 1901. Resides with 
her father in Arizona. Calvin's second wife was Clare Russell ; 
^Robert Thomas, Jr., h. Sept. 11, 1877, married (Oct., 1908) 
in Carson City, Xev., Kitty Cavanaugh, b. in Ireland, resi- 
dence, Golconda, Xev.; "^Margaret Virginia, b. July 12, 1876, d. 
Sept. 12, 1876; ^Juliette Spotswood, b. June 17, 1881, married 
(July 25, 1905) Levi Wilson, b. Xov. 16, 1876. They have 
issue: ^Robert Lee, b. April 20, 1907; -Virgina, b. June 2, 
1910, residence, Kansas City. Wm. Chick McCoy, b. Feb. 
21, 1846, d. May 12, 1848. 

Virginia McCoy, sixth child of John Calvin McCoy and 
\'irginia Chick, b. Aug. 22, 1848. married July 3, 1870. Alexan- 
der Travis Grimes, of Jackson County, Mo., and they had 
issue: ^Harvey McCoy, b. 1871, in Texas; ^Cora, b. 1875, d. 
in infancy; •''Eleanor May, b. ]\Iarch 15, 1876, married Nov. 


:^i^ 1891, Herbert Hanson. He d. Feb. 28, 1908, residence 
Fort Worth, Texas; '^Alexander Travis, Jr., b. April 1(), 1878 
residence. El Paso Texas; ^James Gordon b. Sept. 4, l88n, at 
Westport, Mo., residence, Belzonia, Aliss; ''Chas. Lister, b. 
Sept. 13, 188:3, at Kansas City, married (Dec. 18 190!)) at 
[Memphis, Tenn., Lenora Yancey. One child, Gordon Yancey, 
b. Sept. 30, 1910; "X'irginia Lee, b. Sept. -^5, 1887, at Fort 
W^orth, Texas, married Eugene Ashe, one child, b. June "•^8, 
1910. d. in infancy, residence. Fort Worth Tex. 

Evelyn Byrd McCoy b. Feb. 21, 1852, married (April 29, 
1875) James Montgomery Holloway (b. Feb. lo, 1847 j and 
they had issue : ( 1 ) Elizabeth Scott, b. May 15, 
1879, at Wichita, Kan., m. Oct. 1, 1903, Kidder Woodson 
Woods (b. 1875 at Frankfort, Ky. ) and they had issue: ^Wood- 
son Kidder, b. Aug. 14. 19o4; -James Holloway. b. July 12, 
]!)08; (2) Kate Lee. b. July 30, 1881, married (April 2(5, 1905) 
Alexander John Atchison Alexander (b. 1875) of "ANoodburn 
Farm," Woodford County, Ky. They have issue: -Alexander 
John, b. Jan. 13, 1907; -James Holloway, b. April IL 1909. 

Woodson McCoy, b. Sept. 26, 1855, married (June 3, I8!)(i) 
Atiiies English, of Platte County, ^Missouri, and they have is- 
sue: ^Spencer English, b. Feb. 9. 1892, residence. Wilder, 
Kas; ^Martha, b. Aug. 18. 1893, d. Dec. 24, 1894; ^Elizabeth 
Woodson, b. Nov. 15, 1897, residence. Wilder, Kas. 

[uhn Calvin, Jr.. 1). JivW 8 , 1 88^ residence, Kansas City, 
married Florida Mason (b. Xov. 2, 1854). They have issue: 
ijohn Calvin, Jr., b. July 8, 1888; ~^lary Agnes, b. Xov. 18, 
1890; ^Matt ^lason. b. July 23. 1892. 

Sarah, seventh child of Rev. Isaac McCoy and his wife, 
Christiana Polk, married Thomas Givens, Fayette. M'>. Com- 
monwealth Attorney for Eastern District of Missouri, and they 
had one child, Sarah, Jr., b. in 1832, d. at 14 years of age. Sarah, 
Sr., d. before July 30. 1835. 

Christiana McCoy, daughter of Rev. Isaac and Christiana 
(Polk) McCoy, married Wm. Ward, of ibiward County, 
Missouri. Thev had two children: ^Margaret Ward. b. 
1832. d. in infancy; -Thomas \\'ard. b. 1834. d. 190!). Tlmmas 
married Miss Talbot, a sister of Bishop Ethelbert Tall^nt. and 
they had issue: ^Thomas, b. , married May Hamilton, and 


they have a son and daughters, Alice and Margaret; -Margaret, 

b. , unmarried, residence, Den\er, Colo ; •'^Ethelbert, b. , 

married Ada Smith, three children ; ■*Jno., Episcopal clergyman, 

b. , married , two children, Polly and Peggy. Resides 

at Wilkesbarre, Pa. ; '^Elsie, a noted sculptress, b.- , married 

Henry Herring, a sculptor. Xo issue; ^'William, b. . mar- 
ried. He is a mining engineer and li\es in South America. 
''^Ralph, b. . Lieutenant in I'. S. Army. Married in Den- 
ver, about 190(S. Nancy Judson, ninth child of Rev. 
Isaac McCoy and Christiana Polk, 1). Feb. 2(3, 1819, d. unmar- 
ried 1850. Eleanor, tenth child of Rev. Isaac McCoy and 
wife. Christina, b. July 29, 1821, d. Jan. 11, 1839. She married 
Wm. Donahoe, of Howard County. Missouri. Xo issue re- 
corded. Maria Slaughter, eleventh child of Rev. Isaac ^IcCoy 
and wife, Christiana, b. Xov. 29, 1823, d. unmarried. Isaac, 
Jr., b. April, 1825, d. May, 18-1:9, married Martha Stone, of 
Jackson County, Missouri. They had a son, Isaac, 3rd, 1). 
Aug., 1849, d. 18(31. Charles Rice, thirteenth and youngest 
child of Rev. Isaac McCoy and his wife, Christiana (Polk) 
McCoy, b. Feb., 1827, d. in his youth. The remains of Chris- 
tiana McCoy, Sr., and of the deceased members of her son, 
John- Calvin McCoy, rest in the Union County Cemetery, 
Kansas City. A book entitled "Earlv IndiaTi ^T,"^sions," a 
memorial written Ijy Walter X. Wyeth, D. D., of Philadelphia, 
and published by the Baptist Publication Society, tells of the 
lives and the mission work of Rev. Isaac McCoy and his wife, 
Christiana (Polk) McCoy. Another work, "The Eliza ^IcCoy 
Memoir." w^'itten by Calvin McCormick, of Dallas, Tex., tells 
of the life of Miss Eliza McCoy, a daughter of John ]\IcCoy, 
'd brother to Rev. Isaac McCoy. And a third work, called 
"History of Baptist Indian Missions," written by Isaac ^Ic- 
Coy, (612 pages) published in 1840, gives almost a complete 
account of the life of Christiana Polk. In the room of the 
Kansas Historical Society in the capitol at Topeka, is one of 
their most ])rized collections, kept separate in a vault, and 
called the "Isaac McCoy Collection." It comprises the origi- 
nal manuscript, of the many accounts written l)y Rev. Isaac 
McCoy concerning the North American Indians, and of pioneer 
days in the Middle West, then the "Far West." These ac- 



counts also tell much about his wife, Christiana (Polk) ]^Ic- 

John Calvin McCoy, second son of Christiana, was one of 
the most noted persons in the early history of Kansas City, 
and of Western Missouri. He was a Government Civil Engi- 
neer, employed to allot lands to the Indians and to act as atz^ent 
of the United States in transactions with them. A recent his- 
tory of Kansas City states that if any one was the "father of 
Kansas City," John Calvin McCoy was entitled to that dis- 
tinction. He made the first plat of the city and was a member 
of the original town company. There he lived for more than 
fifty years, loved and honored to an unusual degree. He was 
educated at Cincinnati and Transylvania University of Lexing- 
ton. Kv. 

Eleanor McCoy Harris, wife of Dr. A\'. W. Harris, of Rich 
Hill, AIo., eldest daughter of John McCoy, by his first wife, 
Mrginia Chick, is a woman of literary taste and ability and has 
written much for the press and magazines. Although a great 
grandmother, she is a regular contributor to the Kansas City 
Star, and is collaborating in the preparation of a history of 
Jackson Countv. Missouri, in which Kansas City is situated. 
She is still alert, vigorous in body and mind, and a good musi- 

In his book. "Baptist Indian Missions," published in 1840, 
Rev. Isaac McCoy says, among other things: "In the fore- 
part of October I attended, at Chicago, the payment of an 
annuity by Dr. Wolcott, U. S. Indian Agent, and through 
his politeness addressed the Indians on the subject of our mis- 
sion. On the 9th of Oct., 1825, I preached in English, which, 
as I was informed, was the first sermon ever delivered at or 
near that place. Between our place and Chicago was a wilder- 
ness, in which we took five nights lodging on our tour."' 



Charles Polk, 3rd (fifth child of Capt. Charles Polk) was 
born Oct. 37, 1T82, in an Indian Camp at Detroit, where his 
mother and her children, William, Elizabeth, Sarah and Xancy 
were taken by their savage captors in Sept., 1783. Here the 
little white papoose remained until his father recovered his 
family the following year, through the kindly assistance of his 
old time anti-Revolutionary acquaintance and friend, Simon 

After the return of the family to Xelson County Kentucky, 
Charles grew up to be a vigorous and active youth, sooii be- 
coming skilled as a hunter and alert pioneer, and obtaining 
the ordinary country school education of that period. He 
served under General Harrison at Tippecanoe, in 1811, in the 
Quartermaster's Department, and later was an officer of 
Indiana ^lilitia, in the \\'ar 1813. He took an acti\e part in 
all the civil and military afifairs of his district, and, in 1816, 
was the single member from Perry County of the first Con- 
stitutional Convention of Indiana, when the Territory assumed 
statehood. He died in Perry County in 1847. 

Charles Polk, 3rd, married ^largaret McQuaid in 1803, 
and to them were born thirteen little Polks, viz; ^James, b. 
in Shelby County, Kentucky. Sept. 5, 1804, d. 1890. He mar- 
ried Harriett Shepherd, in 1839; -Delilah, b. Jan. 1, 1806, d. 
1874, married Alexander Blackburn ; ^Lucinda, b. Jan. 6, 1808, 
d. Aug., 1873, married Obed ^lacey in 1836 ; ^William Bruce, 
b. about 1810, d. 1814; ^Nancy, b. about 1813, d. unmarried; 

•^Elizabeth, b. about 1814, d. , married Chas. Short; "Ed- 

niond, b. about 1816, d. , married Jane Elliott; '^Isabel, b. 

about 1818, d. 1837, unmarried; "Charles, b. about 1830, d. 
1839; i^Christian, b. 1833, d. 1848, married first, James Piety 
Cox, eldest son of Jonathan Cox, of Kentucky. Christian also 
married two other men. Holden and Samuel ]\Iaxwell ; 

r () l.K P A M I 1. y ,1 X I) K I X S M I- X 



of Princeton. Indiana, son of Isaac, son of Charles Polk. 3rd. 



POLK FA M I LY A X D Kl X S M E X 439 

"Isaac, b. Xov. i, IS'-^S, d. July •?:, l,s!)s. He married first, in 
1843, Mary Cox, second, in iSGl, 3*Irs. ^Martha (Couchman) 
Ferguson. By these wives Isaac had twelve children ; ^-John 
:\I., b. Feb. 26, 18<!(3. d. 1881, was twice married, first to Eliz- 
abeth Colton, second to Eliza Jane Hill; ^^^Margaret, b. 1830, 
d. 18?"^, married Henry Hartley. 

Lucinda Polk and (Jbed Alacey had Urania Macey, who 

married Cheeseman. A daughter of the latter married 

Dr. George Clark, of California, one of the founders of the 
San Francisco Geographical Society, and at his death its Pres- 

By his first wife, ]\Iary Cox, Isaac Polk had: ^Benjamin 
F. Polk, whose daughter, Agnes, married Prof. R. AI. Tryon, 
Superintendent Public Schools, Aladison, Ind. 

James Piety Cox and Christiana Polk had issue: ^Isabel, 

b. , married George Bond, of Oaktown, Ind. To them were 

born : ^Florence, d. ; -Grace, married Lee Townland Bond, 

and they have Imogene and Raymond; '''Frank, married ]\Iiss 
liolland ; "^^^largaret, married John Hammock. 

-Finette, second child of James Piety Cox, married 

Houck, but left no issue, it is said, at her death; '"^Charles, 

son of James Piety Cox, b. , d. unmarried. 

John ]\I. Polk by his second wife, Eliza Hill, had issue: 

^Prentice, b. . who married Jessie Root and had Robert, 

Alice and Helen; -Alary K., daughter of John 'SI. Polk, is 
Librarian of the V. S. Laboratories at Manilla, Philippine 
Islands. ]\Iargaret (youngest child of Charles Polk, 3rd. and 
Margaret ]McOuaid), b. 1830, d. 1872. l)y her husband Henry 
Bartley, had issue : ^Sylvester, who married Alice Bartley and 
had Donald and Fay; -George; ^Elizabeth. -iXellie ; '^Finette; 

Edward (or Edmond) Polk (seventh child of Capt. Charles 
Polk and Delilah Tyler, b. about 1T86. was killed in isl 1, 
durinij the second war of the L'nited States with Great llritain. 
Like all the male members of his family, he was an ardent 
patriot and fought for his country. His wife was Achsy Van 

]\Ieter. by whom he had five children : ^Charles, b. . d. , 

married Mrs. L>degraff; -Polly, b. . d. , married John 

Maxwell; ^Elizabeth, b. . d. . married, fir-t. Wni. D. 


Bruce, second, Jonathan Macey ; "^William V., b.— 

married Polly Haddon ; -^Isaac, b. , d. . married Mrs. 


Eleanor Polk (eighth child (*f Capt. Charles Polk), '■. 
about 17S8, John Hollingsworth and had : ^George, who mar- 
ried Hannah Hill; -Elizabeth, who married Harry Palmer; 
^Joseph, who married Airs. Palmer; '^Delilah, who married 

Aloore; ^Eleanor, who married Selby ; ^Isaac, who 

married Miss Underwood; 'Christiana, wln) married James 

Mary (Polly) Polk (ninth child of Capt. Charles Polk), 

b. about 1790. d. , married Philip Bell and they had: 

^Charles, who married Lydia 1 'artley ; -Emeline, who married 
David Kipper; ^William, who married Nancy Lemmon ; 
*Sallie, who married Burns; ^Betsy, who married . 


Dr. Thomas Polk, tenth child of Capt. Charles Polk anl 
Delilah (Tyler Polk, was born Feb. 'I, 1792, in Nelson County, 
Kentucky, and died Feb. 7, 1872, at Gonzales, Texas. His 
wife, Sarah Sloan, was born in Nelson County in 1796, of 
North Carolina parents, and died March 4, 1873, only thirty- 
three days after her husband's death. Their children were 

^Sarah Ann, b. Dec. 27, 1831; -James, b. about , 1833 

"William, b. about , 1835; ^Milam Benjamin, b. Feb. 39 

1836 ; ^Eliza, b. about , 1837 ; "^ , and d. in infancy, 1838 

^Elizabeth, b. about , 1839 ; ^Charles, b. about , 1840 

^ , b. and d. about , l,s41 ; ^^Mary Jane. b. , 1845, d. 

at four years of age. 


The intermarriages and the descendants of the foregoing 
of Dr. Thomas Polk were: Sarah Ann, b. Dec. 27, 1831, d. 
June 16, 1876, married James D. Anderson, of Gonzales, Texas, 
Nov. G, 1856. They had issue: ^Thomas James, b. Sept. 10, 
1857, d. at one year old ; -Frances Gelhorn, b. Feb. 20, 1860, 
married (Sept. 3, 1874) James D. Darst, of Gonzales, Tex; 



SRobert Lee, b. Aug. 9, 1864, married (Feb. 21, 1893J Alary 

The children of Robert Lee Anderson and ALiry Crosby 
are: LMary Crosby, b. Oct. 31, 1893; -J. D. Houston, b. April 
10, 1896; ■^'Robert Lee, b. June U, 189?. 

James Polk (son of Dr. Thomas Polk), b. about 1833, d. 
at one vear old. 

William Polk, b. about 1835, married Jane Campljell and 
died soon afterward, aged 28 years. No issue. 

Alilam Benjamin Polk, b. Feb. 29, 1836, d. July 1894, mar- 
ried Julia Caroline Price, Feb. 20, 1ST3. She was b. Jan. T, 
1847. They had issue: ^Omi, b. July 26, 18T4, married Jno. 
Charlton Heaton, Jan. 1, 1900. They had one child, John 
Polk Heaton, b. 1901, d. in infancy; -Charles Stover, h. Aug. 6, 
1876, married Lottie Pickett. Oct. 6, 1908, residence, Liberty, 
Tex. ; '^Bessie Thomas, b. Feb. 3, 1879, married Frank B. Salter, 
June 26, 1907; ^Milam Benjamin, Jr., b. Feb. 11, 1882, d. May 
17, 1883 ; ^Patti, b. Aug. 17, 1885 ; ^SNellie, b. Sept. 17, 1887. 

Eliza, daughter of Dr. Dr. Thomas Polk, b. about 1837, 
married Felix Chenault. She died Sept. 9, 1870, he on Oct. 
25, 1872. They had issue: (1) James Reed, who mar- 
ried Sophia Henson and had issue: 'Edna, b. ; -LaSalle, 

b. ; ^May, married Akyle, one child, Bernelle, b. : "*Jef- 

ferson, b. ; •'*Felix, b. , married Ruby Arnold; ''Reed, 

b. . Felix had two son, Felix, Jr., and Reed. 

(2)John Bass, b. Feb. 14. 1846, married Lilla J. Harrison. 
Issue: ^Emma, who married Burrows; -Clarence. 

(3) Charles Polk, b. Aug. 8, 1848, married Jane Tes- 

tard. Issue: ^Charles Adrian, b. , 1880; -Anna Letitia, b. 

Sept. 13, 1882, married Wood Caperton ; ^Whitson, 1). Oct. 16, 
1884 .married Lula Simmons. 

(4) Benjamin Peck, b. Feb. 20. 1852. unmarried. 

(5) Lucien La Salle, b. Dec. 15, 1853, married Xarcissa 
De ^Vitt. Sept. 16, 1874. Issue: ^Cora. 1).. May 20, 1877, mar- 
ried Herbert Green. Issue: Herbert, b. Dec. 2, 1906 ; A\'ilfred, 
b. March 18, 1910; ^Clinton, b. May 28, 1881, unmarried; 
^Lucien James, b. Oct. 6, 1883 ; ^Dora, b. April 15, ]ssrK d. Mav 
28. 1886. 

(6) Medora, b. May 7, 1855, married James Dunn lluu<- 


ton, Dec. 1873. Issue: ^Augusta, b. Dec. 28, 1874, d. March 

12, 1885, married August Kline; -George L., b. , married 

Alice Thompson. Issue: ^Kennon, b. Sept. 26, 1895, d. March 
&, 1896; -Doris, b. Aug., 1896; ^^Aileen H. B., Oct. 18, 1898; 
''Katharine, b.. Oct. 12, 1906. 

Letitia Chenault, b. Aug. 9, 1857, married Samuel L. Fore, 
of Gonzales, Tex., Feb. 20, 1889. Issue: ^Blake Davidson, 
Cuero, Tex., b. Jan. 9, 1890; -Sam Lane, Cuero, Tex., b. \lay 
3, 1891. Blake Davidson Fore and ■Mary Lease were married 
Nov. 28, 1909. Loren Blake Fore, son of Blake and ^lary 
Fore, b. July 7, 1910, residence, Florasville, Tex. 

Eizabeth Polk, daughter of Dr. Thomas Polk, b. about 
1838, aged 66 years, married William B. Cavitt. and they had : 

^Cora Millie, b. , d. ; -Miles Edward, b. , married 

Mollie Booth, and had a daughter, Elizabeth Booth. 

Frances Gelhorn Anderson, 1). Feb. 20, 1860, married James 
D. Darst, of Gonzales, Tex., Sept. 2, 1871. They had issue: 
(1) Imogene E., b. July oL 187(), married W. G. Mulligan, of 
High Prairie, Alberta, Canada. Their children are: ^Lucille 
Annie, h. July 3, 1895; -Thelma Sue, 1). June 27, 1897; "Imo- 
gene, b. Dec. 13, 1900. 

(2) James Anderson, b. Sept 19, 1878, married Aug. 11, 
1908, Mary Lou Hogan, of Lufkin, Tex. They have one child, 
Dorothy, b. Nov. 6, 1909. 

(3 ) Sue Lee, b. Oct. 3, 1880. married J. Wm. Cobb, of St. 
Louis, Mo. Their children are: -^Frances Cobb, b. Aug. 19, 
1900; 2B. N. Darst, b. June 27, 1902; ^J. Wm., Jr., b. Aug. 18, 

1904; ^Susan Lee, b. , 1905; ■nVhitfield, b. Dec. 23, 1907; 

«Mary Ethel, b. , 19(19. 

John Jacob Darst, b. June 27, 1885, unmarried. 

Sarah Ethel Darst, b. Dec. 30, 1882, married J. G. McRea, 
Aug. 29, 1906. They have one child, Wm. Darst, b. June 18, 

Thomas Roswell Darst, b. Sept. 8, 1888, married Lucille 
Lois Houston, Jan. 28, 1909. 

Eleanor Alma Darst, 1). July 6, 1890, married James C. 
Smith, Hearne, Texas, April 18, 1908. 

Mary Jane Polk (daughter of Dr. Thomas Polk), b. about 
1845, d. at four years of age. 

POLK FA M I L Y A \ D K I .V i- .1/ E .V 443 


(liy his Grandaughter. Mrs. Frances G. Darst.) 
Dr. Thomas Polk, tenth child of Capt. Charles Polk and 
his wife, Delilah (Tyler) Polk, was born in Nelson County, 
Kentucky. Feb. 2, 1792. He died Feb. T, 1872, at Gonzales, 
'l^exas, where he had resided for over fifty veai>. When 
Thomas was 16 years of age, his father, Capt. Charles Polk, 
removed from Kentucky to near Vincennes, Ind., where he 
and his sons became prominent in civil and military affairs m 
that Territory. Amid the stirring scenes of the frontier 
Thomas grew to manhood, studied medicine and began prac- 
tice. In 18 — he married Miss Sarah Sloan ( b. 17!>6 in Xelson 
County, Kentucky), who proved through a long life on the 
frontiers a brave and loyal helpmate. Like his father and uncles, 
however, Thomas could not resisit the lure of the fields that lay 
toward the setting sun, with their opportunities for adventure 
and wealth. He decided to go to the Southwest, and in 1820 
emigrated to Arkansas Territory. The following year, 1821. 
attracted by the marvelous stories concerning the Republic of 
Texas, to which a strong tide of hardy emigrants flowed, he 
moved forward to that country and settled permanently. 

Descended from an adventurous line. Dr. Thomas Polk 
was soon absorbed into the exciting transactions of that pe icd 
under Col. Stephen F. Austin and General Sam Houston. As a 
surgeon he served in the ranks of the army of the Repubbc 
and acquitted himself with bravery and distinction. He was 
in the whole of the long struggle between the Texan patriots 
and the Mexican forces that opposed them. On the cohnrn 
that stands in the Statehouse at Austin, erected to the memory 
of the "Heroes of Texas," his name is inscribed with those 
of other prominent actors in that struggle. 

The story of Dr. Thomas Polk's life and adventures in the 
Southwest is most interestingly told in a letter to the author, 
by his granddaughter, Mrs. Frances G. Darst. of Gonzales. 
Texas. Her account furnishes a striking picture of the trials 
and sufferings of Americans who formed the Texas Republic 
and battled long against the Alexicans to hold it, finally plant- 
ing the Stars and Stripes over all the rich territory north of 
the Rio Grande. Says Mrs. Darst: 

444 ^ ty L K F A M I L V A ^■ D KINS M E N 

"Dr. Thomas Polk and wife, with sexeral small chil.Iren, 
left A incennes, Ind., and emigrated to Arkansas Territory in 
1820, where they sojourned for al^out a year. Texas was then a 
part of Mexico. Lured by adventure and prospective land 
grants, they came to this state in 1821 and w^ere a part of Col. 
Stephen F. Austin's Colony, settled near Bahia Crossing", near 
what is now Austin County. There they lived until after the 
Mexican Revolutionary War. 

"Dr. Polk was a surgeon in the Army of the Republic, 
l)Ut he had practiced medicine and eng-aged in farming and 
ranching for many years previous to the war. The country was 
full of wild animals, and also Indians, the latter making fre- 
quent raids on the settlers, stealing horses and cattle, and 
killing and capturing all the white people they could. Yet, 
these savages were always friendly to the Polks, because 
grandma. Dr. Thomas Polk's wife, often gave them food and 
aid. There was a cane l)rake near Dr. Polk's house and one 
day when the family were at dinner — one of the seldom days 
when they had a pudding — an immense Indian in war paint 
and feathers came out of the cane brake and stood in the door, 
uttering a loud grunt: "W'-a-a-u-g-h." The children all 
screamed and ran away and hid, some of them crawling under 
the bed. Grandma was not excited a bit, and going to the 
big chief, led him to a seat at the tal)le, in\iting him to eat. 
vShe helped him liberally to everything. Pie was particularly 
pleased with the pudding, and after eating what was given to 
him, helped himself to the rest of it. Then after dispatching 
it, he ])atted himself on the stomach, exclaimed, "Heap good" 
and l)ecame playful, v^eeing Eliza's little bare toes sticking out 
from under the l)ed, whither she had fled for safety at first 
appearance, he reached down and ptilled her out Idv the foot, 
seemingly greatly pleased by her screams and frantic efforts to 
get away. Grandma ran to her rescue, but the Indian patted 
her on the shoulder and left the house. 

"Grandpa Dr. Polk, afterwards learned tliat the canebrake 
was full of Indians, with hostile intentions, but becau^'e this 
one was treated so kindly, they never molested the family at 
that or an\- other time. The big Indian often came afterwards, 
sometimes l)ringing an<»ther with him and frequently brought 



presents of game and fish, and grandma always cooked a 
goodly portion for him to eat. He would signify his satisfaction 
by patting and rubbing his stomach. 

I will now tell you how^ this particular pudding was made, 
and all cakes and sweets at that time : Grandma sifted the 
cornmeal through a muslin cloth, to obtain the finest fiour. 
She then shortened it with bear's fat and sweetened it with 
wild honey. This was before the day of baking powder, or 
even soda, so when grandma had no saleratus. she dripped 
strong lye from wood ashes, which, combined with sour milk, 
made a very good leaven. She was a good manager and a 
hospitaljle housekeeper. She often regaled the wayfarer and 
sometimes guest, with this cake and refreshing drink made 
of cold water poured on preserves made by stewing wild plums 
in honey. Game was plentiful — bears, deer, turkeys, duck, 
quails and an abundance of honey was to be found in the hol- 
low trees. Also berries, pecans, grapes and various wild 
fruits in their season. Grandpa killed several bears in the 
yard and grandma also killed one that was trying to kill a 

"As all supplies were shipped from Xew Orleans, and often 
delayed unaccountably, the people were obliged to subsist 
mainly on the game wdiich they found in the woods, and fear 
of the Indians made it difficult to kill game. Once during 
a corn famine, they were a long time — many weeks — without 
bread. But their most serious misfortune occurred about the 
close of the war for Independence. 

"Grandpa was at home, on a furlough, to welcome the 
arrival of :\Iilam Benjamin, the youngest child. The people 
had not recovered from the fear and gloom cast over the coun- 
try by the terrible Goliad Massacre, when came the direful 
news of the fall of the Alamo, with a necessity for every family 
between San Antonio and Houston to leave their homes and 
flee for their lives— the "Great Runaway," as it has been 

"'Just at daylight, one morning, Mr. Brown, a faithful 
nearest neighbor who lived two miles away, galloped to the 
door shouting, "Get up, Doctor ! Get up (|uick ! The Mexicans 
are coming! Everybody has gone l)Ut you. I missed y(ju 


and came back. Hurry! Hurr_v!" Within two hours they 
had secreted the cooking utensils and such bedding and pro- 
visions as they could, in hollow trees and logs, and packed up 
the few things they could carry, and set out. Grandma, with 
an infant of but a few days old in her arms, and a son behind 
her, Grandpa and Charles on the pack horses, and three litile 
girls on a bobtailed pony that hitherto had l^een regarded as 
perfectly safe ; l)ut, he may have scented danger, for he ran 
away at the outset and scraped his precious burden from off 
his back as he ran under the swinging limb of a black-jack 
tree. The children were not hurt much ; the pony was cap- 
tured, all three piled on again, and they hurried forward to 
catch up with their fleeing neighbors. Recent heavy rains 
had made travel difficult, and when they reached the Brazos 
River, it was out of its banks and unfordable. So the men 
set about building a raft to carrv the women, children and 
baggage over. The horses swam across. Grandma was sit- 
ting on a fallen tree, with her Ijabe on her lap, when her child- 
ren were placed on the raft for the first trip across the swollen, 
rushing stream. She threw up her liands, screaming: "Bring 
them back to me! Aly children will be drowned" But she 
was assured the danger was far less than if they remained on 
that side, to be butchered by the Mexicans. All were finally 
rafted across safely and they trudged on through the woods f'r 
life and liberty. At length night came upon them, a dark, 
starless night — and rain pouring in torrents. The men cut 
brush and j)iled it high, for the women and children to sleep 
on. The water ran ankle deep on the ground and they cut 
large pieces of bark from a fallen tree and threw it over 
Grandma in lieu of an umbrella, to keep her and her little babe 
dry. The next day the party reached Donahue's Ranch, tired, 
wet and hungry, but comparatively safe, and found a large 
number of people already encamped. Here they met Uncle 
\\'illiam who had marched with the Regular Army. But In a 
few days he was thrown from a horse, which fell on him, strik- 
ing him in the breast with the pommel of the saddle, from 
which he suffered greatly. He had several hemorrhages of the 
lungs, for several days, and Grandpa was detailed with him, 
and other sick soldiers, when the San Jacinto l)attle took place. 


"On the eve of the battle, General Sam Houston was 
pressing horses into service to draw cannons to the battlefield. 
An orderly came for the horse grandma had ridden from 
home; their best horse, a splendid animal. But grandma 
remonstrated. Nevertheless, he led the horse away. Shortly 
afterward, grandma followed with a butcher knife, and see- 
ing" her horse hitched to a cannon, proceeded to cut him out 
of harness. General Houston saw her in the act, and said : 
'Aladam, I fear this is a bad omen." But she told him her 
husband and son were in the army, and she needed the horse 
to help earn a living for her little children. So when General 
Houston saw she was determined to have her horse, he as- 
sisted her to mount and she rode the animal back to camp. 

San Jacinto was the victorious, decisive battle. Santa 
Anna was captured and Texas became a Republic. But as 
the country was still in an unsettled, dangerous condition, 
many families returned to the States. Grandma was urged 
to go wth them ; but she would not leave grandpa, and Uncle 
William was too ill to leave Donahue's Ranch. But when he 
was convalescing, she did return (alone, except for her little 
children) to her home in Austin County, as grandpa's serv- 
ices as surgeon were needed elsewhere, and with Uncle \\ il- 
liam, and was fortunate to find that their home had been 
passed by the Mexicans, who pillaged and burned every 
other house and village in their way. On account of their 
exposure and many deprivations, the children sickened with 
typhoid fever soon after their return home. Two of them 
were dano-erouslv ill and grandma attended them unaided for 
weeks, with no means of communicating her distress to 
grandpa. One day :\Ir. Brown (who had also been 
detained at San Jacinto) and a Mexican rode up to the gate, 
supporting a man between them, on a horse ; a man limp from 
sickness, with his head swollen to immense proportions. 
When grandma went to the door, Mr. Brown asked: Mrs. 
Polk, do you know this man?' She shook her head and ans- 
wered that she had never seen liim before. 'Oh, yes you have; 
this is Dr. Polk.' 

"Grandpa had had cholera and afterwards was badly 

448 t' O L K F A M I L y A N D K INS M E N 

salivated, and his head and face were swollen until he was 
unrecognizable. They carried him into a room apart from 
the children. The next day, Irxin, a boy of twelve years, 
died. Mr. Brown and a more distant neighbor, named Alford, 
dug a grave in a thicket below the house. They placed 
Irvin in a little board coffin, put it on a slide to which a rope 
was attached, and dragged it to the grave. 

"Eliza finally recovered, I)Ut all oi her hair came out. In 
time, grandpa got well, l:)Ut was ne\er able to hear well 
again. They finally became dissatisfied and moved away, 
living a short time at Brazoria, San Philip])i and Cuero and 
at last located in Gonzales County, where he ceased to prac- 
tice medicine and engaged in farming and stock raising to a 
ripe old age. 

"A great part of the time during those experiences. Dr. 
Thomas Polk was busy professionally. The country being 
but sparsely settled he made long journeys on horseback, so 
that his practice and his services as Surgeon ii; the Texas 
Revolution kept him away from home much of the time. 
While he had many thrilling adventures, he was reticent on 
the subject at home; perhaps to keei) grandma from being- 
anxious when he was away. He evaded, rather than sought 
honors or publicity in any form. Grandma could never quite 
forgive him for bringing her to raise her family in a wilder- 
ness, and tears would course down her cheeks when she 
lamented their want of schools, religious and social advan- 
tages ; yet she was a staunch helpmate, standing loyally by 
him through every battle of a long life, and died of grief a 
few months after his death. Grandpa would look upon his 
broad acres, fine stock, and handsome, healthy children, and 
declare he had nothing to regret. 

"As are the other Polks, we are nearly all Presbyterians, 
and all Democrats. Some ha\'e wealth and some have not, 
but all are comforta'ble. There are two old bachelors on our 
l)ranch, l)ut no old maids; only one divorce and never a case 
of insanitv." 



Ephraim Polk, 1st, progenitor of most of the Polks in 
Delaware, Kentucky. Iowa. Ohio. California, and some other 
of the Western and Southern States, was the third sun of 
Capt. Robert P.ruce Polk and his wife. Magdalen (Porter) 
Polk, nee Tasker. 

Ephraim Polk, 1st. was born in Ireland about the year 

1671. and was a rhild of tender aop when hi<; narpnl-^ pini- 

(Polk Family and Kinsmen) 
p* 449. 

Charles Williams was brother of Elizabeth 
wife of Jciphraim Polk, 

Elizabeth Williams (no relation to Henry 
Williams, as shown by his will), daughter 
of Miohael and Ann his wife, was born May, 
29, 1674, at Anamessix, Md. (Stephney 
Parish Kecords, at Somerset Go,, Md. ) 

Information supplied by 

Dec. 11, 1933 

448 POL K F A M I LY A N D KIN S M E A' 

salivated, and his head and face were swollen until he was 
unrecognizable. They carried him into a room apart from 
the children. The next day, Irvin, a boy of twelve years, 
died. Mr. Brown and a more distant neighbor, named Alford, 
dug a grave in a thicket below the house. They placed 
Irvin in a little board coffin, put it on a slide to which a rope 
was attached, and dragged it to the grave. 

"Eliza finally recovered, l)ut all of her hair came out. In 
time, grandpa got well, but was never able to hear well 
again. They finally became dissatisfied and moved away, 
living a short time at Brazoria, San Philippi and Cuero and 
at last located in Gonzales Countv, where he cea«pd to nmr- 




Ephraim Polk. 1st, progenitor of most of the Polks in 
Delaware, Kentucky, Iowa, Ohio, California, and some other 
of the Western and Southern States, was the third sun of 
Capt. Robert Bruce Polk and his wife, Magdalen ( INirter) 
Polk, nee Tasker. 

Ephraim I'olk, 1st, was l)orn in Ireland about the year 
1671, and was a child of tender age when his parent> emi- 
grated to America, settling in Somerset County, Maryland. 
Ephraim died in IT 18, as show^n by the fact that on March 
19th of that year his widow gave bond in the Somerset Court 
as Administratrix of his estate, with Charles Williams (pre- _k.- 
sumably her father, or a brother) and Dennis Driskett as 
sureties, in the sum of two hundred pounds each. Her 
maiden name was Elizabeth Williams, a descendant of Henry 
Williams, a Virginia planter, who settled there in Hi is, and 
who had property in Somerset County, ^Maryland. Many of 
this Williams family resided on the Eastern Shore, their an- 
cestors being among the first colonists wdio came over with 
Lord Baltimore. Elizabeth is also said to have been a sister 
of Mary \\'illiams, wife of her husband's brother, James Polk. 
Ephraim and Elizabeth were married about the year Hoo. 
when he was a little less than thirty years old, as their eldest 
child, Magdalen IManlove P'olk, who died unm;irricd, was 
born in 1702. 

After Ephraim's death his widow married John Laws, 
of another prominent colonial family, several of whose mem- 
bers were intermarried with the Polks, and she was his wile 
in 1!^24, as the records show. 

Tudeine from the entries of record in the Land ( )ffice 
of the Colony at Annapolis, and also from oilier offici.-d 
documents in the Clerk's offices of Marylanrl and'. 
Ephraim appears to have been the most alert and enterpris- 


ing of the sons of Capt. Robert Bruce I'olk in the acquire- 
ment of real estate and other property. The Colonial Land 
Office records show the following grants from Lord Balti- 
more to him : 

Ephraim Poalk. "Clonmell,"" H'O acres, lying in Somerset 
County, Isetween Manokin Liranch and Pidgeon House or 
Little Creek, Sept. 20, 1700. Recorded in Liber D. D. No. 
r. folio, 73. 

Ephraim Poalk, "Long Delay," 274 acres, lying in Som- 
erset County, in Dame's Quarter, on W. side of Ball's Creek, 
ALarch 2(;, 1705. Recorded in Liber D. D. No. 5, folio 36(). 

Ephraim Poalk, "Chance," 200 acres, lying on E. side of 
Chesapeake Bay, in Dorchester County, May 27, 171-'). Re- 
corded in Liber E. E. No. 6, folio 235. 

Ephraim Polack, "Poak's Chance," 2n(i acres E. side 
Chesapeake Bay, Dorchester County, Sept. l<i, 1715. The dif- 
ferent spellings of the name were evidentl}- due to the care- 
lessness of entry clerks or officials at that day. These four 
grants make an aggregate of seven hundred and seventy-four 
acres entered by Ephraim Polk, between the years 1700 and 
1715, the last entry being less than three years before his 
death. In addition to these entries, he owned large bodies of 
other lands hy purchase, and valuable ore deposits in Cedar 
Creek Swamp. A good deal of his property was located 
in the part of Maryland that fell into Delaware after the re- 
adjustment of the lines of those provinces. 

The issue of the marriage of Ephraim Polk, 1st, and Eliza- 
abeth AA'illiams, was five children: ^Magdalen Manlove ; 
-Charles, 1st; ^John : ^Joseph; ■''Ephraim, 2d. Magdalen Man- 
love, the first child, b. about 1702, d. single. Li the Pa. 
Archives, Series L Vol. 3, p. 644, she is mentioned in 1759 as 
a "spinster," aged 57 years. 


Charles Polk, first son of Ephraim Polk and Elizabeth 
Williams, was born March 16, 1704, and died Aug. 28, 1784. 
He married Patience Alanlove, on July 8, 1738. She was 
born in 17U and died Sept. 23, 1776. Her family was also 


a numerous one in ^Maryland, the men of which heki promi- 
nent ci\"ic positions and were large land owners ; the women 
were noted for their fairness of face and good housekeeping". 

Like his father, Charles Polk, 1st, was an enterprising and 
successful business man, and a prominent citizen of his com- 
munity. According to one biographer, "he ranked with the 
hrst people of his day, filling several positions of honur and 
trust." Being the eldest son. and. under the then existing 
English law of primogeniture, "heir-at-law"" of his father 
Charles inherited the bulk uf the family estates. Selling his 
lands in Somerset, he moved to Dorchester County, where his 
lather had entered "Polk's Chance" in IT 15, and remained 
there for some years. In lT4n he again sold out, and follow- 
ing the Xanticoke River to its source in the "Territories of 
Pennsylvana." settled in what is now Sussex County, Dela- 
ware. Here he remained and reared and educated bis child- 
ren, dying Aug. 28, 1TS4, near Bridgeville. highly esteemed 
and respected by all. He was a man of engaging personality, 
great force of character, and acquired a goodly fortune by 
his industry and excellent business talents. 

By his wife. Patience, Charles Polk had six children, 
three sons and three daughters. 


The children of Charles, 1st, and Patience (Manlove) 

Polk, were: ^^lary Magdalen, b. May 3, 1739, d. : -Judge 

Charles, b. Oct. 26, 1740, d. Aug. 28, 1795 ; ^Priscilla, b. Xov. 

15, 1742, d. . 1816; -^Anna (called "Xancy""). b. Jan. in. 

1744, d. ; ^George, b. Xov. 15, 1716, d. Dec. 1795; ''John. 

b. ^larch H), 1748, d. , 1782. 

Anna Polk, born Jan. in, 1744 (fourth child of Charles 
Polk, 1st, and Patience ^lanlove), was generally called 
"Xancy." She married Mathew Morine, a man of noted physi- 
cal strength, by whom she had issue: ^Charles; -Mary; 
^Matthew; ''Xancy: -^Priscilla : ^William ; 'Manlove. 

George Polk, fifth child of Charles, 1st, and Patience Man- 
love, born Xov. 15, 1746, married and had issue: 'Charles; 
2Georee; ^Elizabeth; ^Margaretta ; -^Sally ; '\\nn. 


452 POL K F A M 1 LY AND KI X S M E N 

Mary Magdalen Polk, the eldest child, married first,. 
Henrv Bowman in ITGl. bv whom she had one child, Nathan- 
iel Bowman, b. Feb. 2'^, 1762. Secondly, she married Robert 
Minors, by whom she had six children: ^Sarah Seymour, 
b. Aug". 17, 1764, d. Feb. 25, 1813; -Priscilla. 1). Aug. 21. 1765, 

d. ; ^Nancy (Ann), b. Jan. 1, 1767, d. July 1:5, 1815; "^Mary, 

b. July 14, 1710, d. April 16, 1851; -^Charles, b. Feb. 26, 1774; 
^Robert, b. 1777, d. . 

Nathaniel Bowman married I^e-vey P-. Vtrkei'S 

and had aft€- daug'hter. Henrietta- who married John 
Hall. The children of this union were: Mary Ann Hall and 
Governor John W. Hall. The latter born Jan. 1, 1817. He 
accumulated a large estate and resided at Frederica, Delaware. 
Being highly successful in l)usiness. and very popular, he 
was elected Governor of Delaware, serving from 1879 to 1883. 

Governor Hall married , and had issue: ^Samuel \V. ; 

-John AV., Jr. ; •''Carrie ^. - s s^i^^uai;^ [dhu/vi.^^U^CA* 


John W. Hall, Governor of Delaware, 1879-1883, was b. 
Jan. 1, 1817, in Frederica, Kent County, where he resided un- 
til his death. He was a son of John Hall, Sr., who died when 
his son was but nine years of age. The wife of the latter was 
Henrietta Bowman, daughter of Nathaniel Bowman and 
..^M-^ IstTVEy — P: — Vi'ck e F s. Nathaniel's father, Henry Bowman, 
'*''^r^ married Mary Magdalen Polk, daughter of Charles Polk, son 
of Ephraim 1st. Mary Magdalen's brother. Judge Charles 
Polk, was the father of Governor Charles Polk, of Delaware, 
and so this branch of Ephraim's line has produced two gover- 
nors of Delaware. 

As John W. Hall grew to manhood he entered the mer- 
cantile business, and when twenty-one he l^egan business on 
his ow-n account, soon acquiring a large trade, and branching 
out into lumber, grain and shipping. He accjuired a numl^er 
of farms, carried on extensively agricultural pursuits, and 
accjuired a large fortune. 

Politically, John AV. Hall was a AAliig, but later he allied 
himself with the Democratic Party. In 1866 he w^as elected 


L K F A .1/ 1 LY AND K I N S M E N 453 

(Polk i'amily and Kinsmen) 


Nathaniel Bowman, son of Henry Bowman 
and Mary kagdelen Polk, married Sarah Draper, 
and had three daughters: Miriam, Esther end 
Henrietta. The latter married married John 
Hall of Kent Co., Delaware. Their son. 
Gov. John Wood Hall married Caroline Warren. 
Their children were: 1. Samuel Warren Hall, 
2. John Wood Hall. Jr.. 3. Caroline Warren 
Hall, 4. Sarah Henrietta Hall. 

Ho descendants eyoept for Samuel. 
Samuel Warren Hall married Anna Sullivan, 
and had: 1. iYank S. Hall, who married 
Frances Daviea; 2. Samuel Warren Hall, Jr., 
who married Mary Gertrude Scott, and had: 
Samuel Warren Hall. III.; William Scott Hall 
who m. Catherine Elizabeth Kead^ 
Ger"rude Anna Hall. 

Information supplied by 

-^^Z" * -^ f^^- Dec. 11. 1933 

452 i O L K F A M 1 /, y A N D K I N S M E N 

Mary Alagdaleii lV)lk. the eldest cliild, married first,. 
Henry Bowman in ITfil. l)y whom she had one chikl, Xathan- 


Politically, John W. Hall was a Whig, but later he allied 
himself with the Democratic Party. In 1S6G he was elected 



of Delaware. 





a State Senator, and in 1876 a delegate to the National Demo- 
cratic Convention. In 1874 he barely missed the nomination 
for Governor, and in 1878 was nominated by acclamation for 
that office and was duly elected by a very large majority. 
After the expiration of his gubernatorial term he devoted 
himself to the comforts of home the balance of his life. 


Judge Charles Polk, second child of Charles Polk, 1st, and 
Patience (Manlove) Polk, was born Oct. 26, 1740, died Aug. 
28, 1795; married May 29, 1786, to Mary Manlove, a cousin, 
daughter of Jonathan and Elizabeth Manlove, of Sussex 
County, by wh(jm he had three children: ^Gov. Charles; 
-Elizabeth ;^John. The two latter died in infancy. 

Judge Charles Polk was a man of prominence in Dela- 
ware, and held several positions of trust and honor. On Oct. 
25, 1790, he was elected Judge of the Common Pleas Court 
for the County of Sussex; commissioned on Nov. 8 follow- 
ing, and qualified Feb. 9, 1791. On Oct. 1, 1791, he was 
elected to a convention held for the purpose of "framing a Con- 
stitution for ye State of Delaware," and when the convention 
met was chosen President of the body. During the sitting 
of the convention he was taken ill, left its deliberations, and 
did not afterwards serve in its work. 


Governor Charles Polk, second child of Judge Charles 
Polk, was born Nov. 15, 1788, and died Oct. 27, 1857. He 
married Mary Elizabeth Purnell, daughter of John Purnell, of) 
Sussex, on September 4, 1811. She died in July, 1865. The 
issue of this marriage was fifteen children: ^Mary Elizabeth 
Manlove, b. Jan. 14, 1815; -Wm. Alexander, b. June lo, l.sl6, 
d. Feb. 7, 1899; •''John Purnell, b. May 22, 1818, d. Aug. 21, 
1881; ^Caroline, b. March 19, 1823, d. March 5, 1895; ^"'Sallie 
Maria, b. June 3, 1825, d. Sept. 14, 1846, unmarried; "Annie 
May, b. Dec. 9, 1832; ^Dr. Charles George, 2d, b. July 31, 
1835, d. Jan. 24, 1911, ^James Henry, b. Feb. 7, 1838; "Joseph- 

456 POCK FA M I L y A N D K I N S M E N 

ine Purnell, b. Feb. lu, IcSlu ; ^"Theodore Albert, b. Xuv. 21, 

The children of Governor Charles Polk that died voun«2- 
cr unmarried, were: Dr. Chas. George, d. July 1, 1S20 ; Chas. 
Edward, d. in ls;3.'> ; George Frederick, d. June 1, 1832; Ellen 
Ann, d. Dec. 1-t. 1832; Anna May, d. Aug. 4, lSi)3, unmarried. 

Of those who attained to manhood or womanhood, Mary 
Elizabeth Manlove married Jan. 11, isb"). to John Bailey, of 
Kenton, Del. Issue ^Charles, b. June ^j, 1848; -\\'m. An- 
drew, h. Aug. 18, 1849; ^Mary Anna, 1). April !!». 185T. 

James Henry Polk married in ls.-)8 Mary Masten. Tie 
died Oct., 1867. Offspring: ^Sallie ^laria, b. Aug. 23, 18(51; 
-Theodore E., b. Oct. 13, 1S(;2 ; ''John P., b. Feb. 17, 1864. 

W'ni. Alexander Polk, born June 1<>, ls](i, died unmarried, 
at Georgetown, Del., Feb. "< . l.sDU. He was a farmer, but a 
man of fine intelligence and greatly esteemed. He was elected 
a Representative in the Legislature of Delaware in 1866, and 
chosen speaker of that body. His residence was in Nanti- 
coke Hundred. In 1841 he was an Aide to Governor Cooper; 
Deputy Register of \\ills, ls41 to 1853; Commissary U. S. A., 
1864-5, to General Sully; Register of Wills for Sussex County 
from 1881 to 1871. 

John Purnell I'olk was appointed Xov. 1, 1849, to the 
position of Clerk in the Department of State, at Washington 
City, serving about thirty years, or until a short time before 
his death. By steady promotion he became Chief Clerk of 
Division C, having charge of correspondence with the Bar- 
bary States, China, Ecuador, Egypt , Greece, Hawaiian Islands, 
Japan, Liberia, San Domingo, Turkey, and other countries not 
assigned, and miscellaneous correspondence relating to those 

^ John Purnell Polk never married. He resided for many 
years, from 1<S49 until his death, Aug. 2. 1881, at the Xa^-ional 
Capital wdth his maiden sisters. He was a most genial and 
lovable man, and highly popular with all who knew him. He 
look great interest in the family history and furnished the 
author with much of the data of his own experience ir. his 
own line, as well as others. 








Caroline Polk, born March 19, 1823, died McTxh 5, 1895. 
She married May 26, I860, WilHam A'irden. of Frederica, 

Charles George Polk, born July 31, 1835, died Jan. 24, 
1911, at the home of his son, James L. Polk, Merchantville, 
N. J. He studied medicine, and became a prominent physician 
in Philadelphia, also filling the chair of Pharmacy in the Uni- 
versity of Pennsylvania. During the Civil War he was As- 
sistant Surgeon, U. S. A., and Post Surgeon in charge of 
hospitals. He also served on the staff of the Surgeon General. 
He married , and had issue: ^Charles; ^J. Levin- 
good ; ^Carrie. 

Josephine Purnell Polk (daughter of Gov. Charles Polk) 
married, in 186?. John O. Truitt, of Milford, Dela., and had 
issue: ^John E., b. Oct. 17, 1S68 ; -Leo O., b. April 28, 1871. 

Theodore Albert Polk, Pharmacist and Chemist (young- 
est child of Governor Charles Polk) was b. Xov. 21, 1842, at 
Ellersley, Milford Neck, Dela. He was married in 1868 to 
Miss Mary Fawcett. Issue: ^\lbert Fawcett, b. Oct. 11. 
1869; 2Mary Turner, b. Sept. 9. 1871, married Dec. 20. 1888, 
to Dr. Thos. Jeft'erson Pyle, of Baltimore, in which city he 
has large business interests. They have issue : ^Frances Polk, 
b. Oct. 21, 1889; -'Sarah Albert, b. July 5, 1891; nVm. Stanton. 
b. Dec. 28. 1894; ^Charles Polk, b. Aug. 1, 1897; ^Mary Eliza- 
beth, b. Feb. 15, 1899 ; ^Theodora, b. April 27, 1905. 

Albert Fawcett Polk is a prominent lawyer and leading 
Democratic politician of Delaware. On Dec. 29, 1897. he was 
united in marriage to Aliss ]\Ia)rtilla Evans, daughter of 
James A. Evans, of Georgetown, Dela., a lovely and accom- 
plished woman. They have no issue. 

George Polk (second son of Charles Polk, 1st. and 
Patience Manlove), b. Nov. 15, 1746. married a Miss Rian, 
and died in 1795. They had issue: ^Charles; -George; •''Eliz- 
abeth; ^Margretta; ^''Sally; "^Anna. Charles was thrown from 
a sleigh and killed in 1815. He married a Miss Minors and 
left a daughter, who died unmarried. George married Miss 
Laws and left one son, Charles James, unmarried, near St. 
Johns Town. Dela. Elizabeth married Wni. Russum, and 
they had issue: ^Peter. unmarried; -Charles, unmarried: 


•■^Alargaretta, married, first, Robert Aliners, by whom she had 
one child; secondly, she married James S. Knowles. Issue: 
one child, William. Sally married Henry Bowman, by w'hom 
she had s©Wra4 children. 

Anna married Alexander Polk Laws. He participated 
with Commodore Stephen Decatur in tlie recapture of the 
United States frigate, Philadelphia, and her destruction under 
?. hot cannonade by the forts at Tripoli. lie was the third 
man to leap onto the deck of the frigate on that occasion, and 
for his gallant conduct received a sword from the State. 
Alexander and Ann left a son, Robert, in Xorth West Fork 
Hundred, who inherited the sword. 




The following sketch of Governor Charles Polk, of Dela- 
ware, was written about twenty years ago, by a leading 
gentleman of that State, who was well acquainted with the 
Governor and knew him intimately : 

Governor Charles Polk, son of Judge Charles Polk, of 
Sussex (who was the son of Charles, the first, son of 
Ephraim), was born near Bridgeville, Dela., Xov. 15, 1788, 
and died near ]\Iilford, Kent County, Oct. 27. 1857. On Sept. 
4, 1811, he was married to Alary Elizabeth Purnell, daughter 
of John Purnell, of Berlin, Worcester County, Maryland, by 
whom he had fifteen children, nine of whom survive him, in- 
cluding Ex-Register of ^\'ills William A. Polk ; Dr. Charles 
G. Polk, late Assistant Surgeon U. A. S., and Theodore A. 
Polk. He was the fourth Charles in his immediate line. His 
father, Judge Charles Polk, dying when he was in his eighth 
year, the boy's training and education devolved upon his 
mother, whose piety and intellectual strength were to the son 
of inestimable value. Her maiden name had been Mary 
Manlove. She was a Quakeress; a woman of high culture, of 
rare intellectual and moral worth. She instilled into the 
mind of her only surviving child those principles of right and 
honor which guided him through the vicissitudes of many 
years of political life and left his name adorned with many 
virtues and untouched by a word of reproach. 

At an early age the boy was placed at the Western Board- 
ing School, at Smyrna, where he obtained his preliminary edu- 
cation. At the asre of fourteen he began his classical educa- 
tion at Lewes. Dela.. and there was formed the strong regard 
between himself and Hon. John M. Clayton, and whicli termi- 
nated only in death. At the age of eighteen he began the 
study of law with Kensey Johns, Sr., devoting three years to 
it. and acquiring a knowledge of common and statute law at- 

462 P O LK F A M I L y A X D K I N S M E N 

tained by very few persons; l)Ut lie never actively engag'ed 
in the practice of his profession, liaving a strong aversion to 
its exacting duties. As an orator, he possessed the finest 
qualities. iUit few men have li\ed who held their ideas so 
well elaborated and ready for promulgation, and compre- 
hended more fully the science of government. Had he yielded 
to the wishes of his party and accepted the position of L'nited 
States Senator, there is no doubt that he could ha\e achie\ed 
a high national reputaton, and added another name to the list 
of master minds which Delaware has furnished to the Coun- 
cils of the Nation. It may not be out of place to remark 
here that he also declined to accejJt the position of Chancellor 
of the State of Delaware, offered to him by Governor Hazzard, 
about the year 1831. About 181(i he moved to Kent County 
and purchased a tract of 1.100 acre sof land lying along the 
shore of Delaware Bay, near Milford. upon whicli he resided 
for many years, and at the time of his death, and which land 
is still held in the family undi\ided. As an evidence of the 
acuteness of his mind, it may be stated that on the day imme- 
diately preceding" his death he dictated his '"last will and tes- 
tament" and signed it without making any alteration what- 
ever in the instrument. His power of memory was remark- 
able, and until within a few weeks of his death there seemed 
to be no deterioration in his intellectual strength. He could 
repeat b}- rote nearly the whole of Virgil, Horace and Livy, 
in Latin, and Xenophon's "Anabasis" and "Memorabilia" and 
"Thucydides" in Greek. A few months before his death he 
repeated wthout error, either in Latin or English. Cicero's 
first oration against Cataline. 

In politics, Governor Polk was a Federalist, and after- 
wards a \M'iig. In his views he was Conservative ; more in- 
clined to cling to the traditions of the past than to partake 
in untried innovations. The American Constitution was his 
ideal of a basis of laws ; the perfect instrument for the govern- 
ment of the Nation ; the concentrated wisdom of all nations 
and all times. 

During his administration, efforts were made to alter the 
Constitution, and which he strongly opposed in his message 
to the Legislature in January, 1829. "I applaud," said he, 



of Delaware. 



POLK F A M I LY A .V D K I .V Js" .1/ £ .V 465 

"the policy which holds up that instrument to our country as 
too sacred to be made the subject of experimental alterations; 
too dear to become the victim of political essayists. Ir. is 
dady growing more dear to us as the ^lagna Charta of our 
liberties. As Delaware was the first to adopt the Constituton, 
n"iay she be the last to desert it. May it remain unimpaired by 
the lapse of time, unfettered by illiberal construction, un- 
changed l)y the restless spirit of internal faction or the ruth- 
less violence of external foes." Noble words ; concretely and 
pow^erfully expressed, and worthy of the greatest minds that 
have illumined the annals of the Anglo Saxon race. 

Governor Polk was one of the most prominent and active 
men in Delaware. He was exceedingly aftable and engaging 
in his manner, of strikingly handsome appearance, and re- 
garded as a man of pure mind and sterling integrity. He was 
a strong friend, intimate companion and zealous supporter of 
Hon. John ]\I. Clayton, whom he made his Secretary of State, 
and by whom he was thoroughly liked and trusted. 

Following is a list of the positions of trust and honor held 
by Governor Polk: Elected to the House of Representatives 
from Sussex County, Oct., 1813, and re-elected in 1815. Moved 
into Kent County in ISIG and was chosen as Representative 
from that County in 181T. Elected to the Levy Court, 181!); 
to the State Senate in 18-2-i, and chosen Speaker of that body. 
Elected Governor in 182(3 by the Federal party over David 
Hazzard. \\'as a member of the State Senate in 1832 and 
Speaker thereof in 1836, when by the death of Governor Ben- 
nett he again became Governor. In 1831 was elected a mem- 
ber of the Constitutional Convention, and chosen as President 
of that body. Elected again to the Senate in 1838, and chosen 
Speaker in 1840. Appointed Register of Wills for Kent 
County in 1843. and served for a term of five years. He was 
cippointed Collector of the Port of Wilmington, Dela.. in 18.-)0, 
and resigned in 1853. 


Hon. Albert Fawcett Polk, of Georgetown. Del., is a scion 
of one of the most virile branches of the Pcdk family. His 


great-grandfather, Judge Charles Polk (son of Charles, 1st, 
son of Ephraim) was a man of eminence in his day. He was 
President of the first Constitutional Convention of Delaware. 
Albert F. Polk's grandfather, Charles Polk, 3d, was twice 
Governor of that State, and one of the best lawyers and 
ablest statesmen of his day. He was also President of the 
second Constitutional Convention of Delaware, in 1831, which 
framed the instrument that was superseded by a third one in 

Theodore Albert Polk, father of Albert F. Polk, was the 
youngest son of Gov. Charles Polk, and held several public 
positions, among them Deputy Register of \Mlls for Sussex 
County, succeeding his son, Albert. The latter was born at 
Frederica, Kent County, Del., Oct. 11, 1809. When he was 
one year of age his father moved to Seaford, where they re- 
sided four years. They then moved to Georgetown, the 
County seat of Sussex, where Albert F. attended the public 
schools, graduating from the High School in June, 1885. The 
following September he entered the Freshman Class and took 
? classical course at Delaware College, Newark, graduating 
therefrom in June, 1889, as valedictorian of his class, and with 
the military honors of the College, giving his name a place 
in the Official Army Register for January, 1890, and securing 
the gold medal. In the fall of 1889 he entered the office of 
the Register of Wills of Sussex County as a deputy, and at 
the same time registered as a student at law under Hon. 
Alfred P. Robinson, who was made Chief Justice of Delaware 
in February, 1893. After a close study of the elementary 
principles of the profession, Albert F. Polk was admitted to 
the bar as a practitioner, in October, 1892, and since that 
time has steadily advanced into a lucrative practice. In March. 
1894, he was appointed City Solicitor, which position he held 
for two terms, declining further service. 

In politics, Albert F. Polk has always been a pronounced 
Democrat, taking an active part in the various contests of his 
party. For two years he was editor of the Delaware College 
Review, and Delaware stafT correspondent of the Philadelphia 
Press for one year. In the campaign of 1892 he was political 
editor of the Sussex Countian. He is a prominent member 



Georgetown, Del. 





and officer in the ^Masonic Order, having tilled several of the 
highest offices of the order in his State. On December 29, 
1897, he was united in marriage to one of the most charming 
young women of Georgetown, Aliss :\Iartilla Evans, daughter 
of Mr. and Airs. James A. Evans. They have no children. 

Albert F. Polk has represented Sussex County in the 
State Legislature, and served as Counsel for the Senate. He 
was also chosen as one of the three Legislative Attorneys to 
revise the laws of the State so as to conform to the new con- 
stitution. He is a member of the Delaware Historical Society, 
and also takes part in all movements promoted for the better- 
ment of society. In the recent Taft-Bryan campaign, he 
w^as chairman of the Democratic Committee and performed 
effective services for his party. 


Among the leading Colonial families that became related 
by intermarriage with the Polks and Morris' of Maryland and 
Delaware, were the ]\Ianloves, Hayes, Brinckles, Curtis', Bow- 
mans, Coverdales, Scroggins, Beswicks, Purnells, Minors, 
Herings, and others. 

Some of these families came to America before the Polks, 
settling first in \^irginia, and moving thence to Maryland and 
Delaware, when the latter province was claimed by both W'm. 
Penn and Lord Baltimore, which contention was finally settled 
by the erection of the "Three Lower Counties" into Delaware 

These families were intermarried principally with the des- 
cendants of Ephraim, third son of Robert and Magdalen Polk, 
and were settled principally in Kent and Sussex. 

Charles Polk, the eldest son of Ephraim Polk 1st, married 
Patience Manlove, in 1738, and their son. Judge Charles Polk, 
a prominent man of his colony, married Alary Manlove. The 
latter were the parents of Governor Charles Polk, who mar- 
ried Alary Elizabeth Purnell. 

Alary Alagdalen Polk, a sister of Judge Charles Polk mar- 
ried Henry Bowman first and Robert Alinors secondly. Eph- 
raim Polk 2d, married Pollv Alanlove, Priscilla Polk, a daugh- 

470 POLK FA .1/ I LY A N D K I .V S M E N 

ter of Charles Polk 1st, married Richard Hayes ; and Joseph 
Polk, a brother of Charles Polk 1st, married Sarah Coverdale. 


Robert Minors (son of Robert and Sarah Minors), b. Dec. 

26, 1737, d. , married Mrs. Mary (Polk) Bowman, 

daughter of Charles Polk 1st, and Patience Manlove. Alary 
was b. May 3, 1739. By her first husband, Henry Bowman, 
whom she married in 1761, she had one child, Nathaniel Bow- 
man, b. Feb. 33, 1762. By her second husband, Robert Minors, 
whom she married in 1763, she had issue: ^Sarah Seymour; 
-Priscilla; ^Nancy (Ann); ^Mary; ^Charles; "^Robert. 

(1) Sarah Seymour, b. 1764, d. Feb. 25, 1813, married first 
Capt. Levin Hill; second, John Purnell, By her first husband, 
Sarah had no issue. By her second she had twins: William 
Thomas and Sarah Seymour Purnell, b. July 25, 1805, d. July 
21, 1865. The latter married Curtis Brinckle IJeswick and d. 
in 1865 (See Beswick line). 

AVilliam Thomas Purnell, twin brother of Sarah SeyuKjur 
married first Henrietta Brown, second Henrietta Spence, 
daughter of U. S. Senator Spence of Maryland. \\'illiam 
Thomas read law under Hon. John M. Clayton and later re- 
moved to Mississippi. While a resident of that State he was 
appointed by President Taylor as U. S. Consul to Brazil, and 
afterwards Special Counsel of the U. S. Government, in sun- 
dry cases. He d. at Snow Hill, Md., in 1862. By his first 
wife, Henrietta Brown he had issue: ^Josephine, who d. young; 
-Charles T., who married Clara Bertron, daughter of Rev. 
S. R. Bertron, of Mississippi. Charles T. was a captain in 
the Confederate Army. By his second wife. Miss Spence, 
William Thomas Purnell had two children, Clayton Purnell, 
attorney-at-law, Frostburg, Md., and Louise. The other de- 
scendants of this line from William Thomas Purnell have not 
been traced. 

Priscilla Minors (daughter of Robert Minors and Mary 
Polk Bowman), b. Aug. 21, 1765, married George Beswick, 
son of John and Phoebe Beswick. Among her descendants 
are Mrs. Ella Marshall, of Dover, Del., of heirs of Wilson Lee 
Cannon, deceased. 


Nancy or Ann (third child of Robert ^Minors and Mary 
Polk Bowman), b. Jan. 1, 1767, married Curtis Beswick, son 
of John Beswick and Phoebe Brinckle and d. July 18, 1815. 

Nancy and Curtis Beswick had issue : ^Mary Alinors Bes- 
wick, b. 1794, d. March 23, 1853; nVilliam, b. Jan. 28, 1801, d. 
Jan. 11, 1855 ; "Curtis Brinckle Beswick ; ^L'ovey Polk Beswick ; 
"'"'Susannah Lochman Beswick. Mary Minors Beswick, b. about 
1794, d. unmarried in 1853. Curtis Brinckle Beswick. h. 17!Mi. 
d. 1880, married Sarah Seymour Purnell, daughter of John 
Purnell and Sarah S. Minors-Hill. Lovey Beswick, married 
Nathaniel Oliver Bowman and d. in 1823. Nathaniel was a 
son of Mary Magdalen Polk by her first husband, Henry Bow- 
man (see Chas. Polk descendants). lyA. 

Susannah Lockerman (fourth child of Nancy ]\Iinors and 
Curtis Beswick), b. June 9. 1798, d. Jan. 21, 1846, married 
Nathaniel Luff, Aug. 31, 1823 by whom she had issue: 

(1) William B. Luff, b. June 25, 1824. d. July 1 

14, 1824. ( . 

(2) Mary Ann Luff, b. June 26, 1824, d. Oct. f ^ ^^'"''^■ 
2, 1825. ) 

(3) Annie Elizabeth Luff, b. Oct. 12, 1826, married Lsaac 
Preston, 185 — . 

(4) Nathaniel Peterson Luff', b. Jan. 13, 1829, d. Sept. 25, 
1901 ; married Mary C. Moore, Dec. 8, 1857. 

(5) Caleb Lockerman Luff', b. Feb. 12, 1832 ; married El- 
mira Moore in 1866. 

(6) Susan Luff', b. June 24, 1834; married Andrew Logan, 

(7) Joshua Beswick Luff, h. Jan. 23, 1837, d. Aug. 5, 1888; 
married Emma Harrington in 1858. 

(8) William Joseph Luff. b. Aug. 23, 1841 ; drowned in 
spring, April 11, 1843. 

Nathaniel Peterson Luff' was a very successful l)usiness 
man. He was one of the adventurers in the West, and to the 
California gold fields in 1849, and lived there several years. 
Returning to Delaware, he settled down and married in 1857, 
applying his talents to active business affairs. 

Mary Minors (fourth child of :\lary (Polk) Bowman and 
Robert Minors"), b. July 19, 1770, d. April 16, 1851; married 
Vincent Lockerman Beswick, son of Jolin and Plinel)e Bes- 

472 POLK FA M I L Y A N D K 1 N S M E N 

wick. Their only representative so far traced is Caleb J. 
Smithers, Frederica, Del. 

Charles Minors (son of Robert and Mary (Polk) Bow- 
man Minors), b. Fel). 26, ITT-i, untraced. 

Robert Minors (son of Robert and Mary (Polk) Bowman 
Minors), b. 1777, untraced except as to two descendants. Mrs. 
G. Layton Grier and Mrs. Dr. P. T. Carlisle, of Alilford, Del. 

Curtis Brinkle Beswick (son of Nancy Minors and Cur- 
tis Beswick), 'b. 1796, d. Jan. 11, 1880. He married June 2, 
1825, Sarah Seymour Purnell, daughter of John Purnell and 
Sarah S. Minors-Hill. They had issue : 

(1) John Edward Beswick, b. Aug. 6, 1826, d. March 1, 

(2) Wm. Purnell Beswick, b. Jan. 7, 1828, d. June 12, 1892. 

(3) Angeline Brinkle Beswick, b. Dec. 7, 1830, d. April 29, 
1904, married Wm. G. Hering, Jan. 25, 1835. 

(4) Robert John Beswick, b. July 7, 1834, d. April 19, 
1907, unmarried. 

(5) Sallie Ann Beswick, b. Feb. 14, 1838, d. April 21, 1899, 
married Hezekiah Masten, half brother of Ex. Governor Jno. 
W. Hall. She had no issue. 

(6) Geo. Washington Purnell Beswick, b. March 22, 1841, 
d. Oct. 20, 1855. 

(7) Mary Elizabeth Beswick, b. March 4, 1845, d. in in- 

Robert John Beswick, son of Curtis B. Beswick and Sarah 
S. Purnell, was president of the Town Council of Milford, 
Del. ; member of the Levy Court of Kent County, and Jus- 
tice of the Peace and Notary Public at Milford. 

William Purnell Beswick, b. in 1828 (son of Curtis 
Brinckle Beswick), married Susan Slaughter, and they had 
issue : 

(1) Sallie May Beswick, b. 1861, married John F. Ham- 
mond ; no issue. 

(2) Annie Purnell Beswick, unmarried. 

(3) Jo'hn Brinckle Beswick, unmarried. 

(4) Edward S. Beswick, married Harriet E. Jackson, 
daughter of Rev. L. H. Jackson. Issue: ^Wm. Purnell; -Mary 
Louise; ^Edward Clawson Beswick; ^Thomas C. Beswick (son 

POLK F AMI L Y A N D K I X S M E .V 473 

uf W'ni. I'urnell Beswick and Susan Slaughter), married 
Florence Beaumont. 

Angeline Brinckle Beswick (daughter of Curtis Brinckle 
Beswick and Sarah S. Purnellj, b. 18:30, d. lUni, married Wil- 
liam G. Hering. They had issue: 

(1) Sallie Purnell Hering, b. 1855, d. in infancy. 

Ci) Mary Elizabeth Hering, b. 185T, d. 1881. 

(3) John \V. Hering, b. 1861. Resides at Milford, Del. 

(4j Georgiana, b. 1866. married Jas. H. Salmons. Issue: 
^James H., d. in infancy; -Ethel; ^Alarion. 

(5 ) William Beswick Hering, b. 1869, married first Fanny 
Roach-Fowler, second Edna Bickel. By the first wife he had 
Robert John, b. 1899, and William, who died in infancy. By 
the second wife, Mary Elizabeth. 

The foregoing Minor family data is copied largely from 
the Besw^ick Bible, dated 1768 and containing entries back to 
1723, now in possession of John W. Hering, of Milford, Kent 
County, Del. Susannah Lockerman Beswick, daughter of 
Curtis and Ann Beswick, and wife of Nathaniel Luff, was b. 
June 9, 1798, d. Jan. 21, 1846. William Beswick, son of Cur- 
tis and Ann Beswick, was b. Sept. 23, 1799, and d. Oct. 19, 
18()U. Mary Minors Beswick, daughter of Curtis and Ann 
(Nancy) Beswick, d. March 23, 1853, unmarried. 


In addition to the foregoing Beswick data, the following 
is recorded in the old Beswick family bible: 

Phoebe (Brinckle) Beswick, wife of John Beswick, was b. 
Dec. n, 1733, d. Feb. 25, 1801. 

Alary Beswick, daughter of John and Phoebe, b. March 
13, 1754. 

Susannah Beswick, daughter of John and Phoebe, b. 
Aug. 12, 1756. 

Sarah Beswick, daughter of John and Phoebe, b. Jan. lo, 

Curtis Beswick, son of John and Phoebe, b. Jan. 17, 1762, 
d. May 26, 1812. 

George Beswick, son of John and Phoebe, b. Feb. 27, 1764. 


Vincent Lockerman Beswick, son of John and Phoebe, b. 
April 27, 1767, married Mary Minors, and d. Aug". 24. lcS()4. 

Polly Minors Beswick, daughter of Curtis and Ann 
(Nancy) was b. Feb. 24, 1795, d. March 15, 1799. 

Curtis Brinckle Beswick, son of Curtis and Ann (Xancy) 
b. March 3, 1796, d. Jan. 11, 1880. 

Love Minors Beswick. daughter of Curtis and Ann 
(Nancy) b. April 15, 1797, d. Feb. 19, 1823; married Nathaniel 
Oliver Bowman. 

Robert Minors, who married Mrs. Mary (Polk) Bowman 
(daughter of Chas. Polk 1st, and Patience Manlove), progeni- 
tor of the foregoing five generations of that name, owned a 
tract of land on Mispillion River, in Mispillion (now Milford) 
Hundred. This tract now belongs to Aliss Annie Purnell 

William G. Hering, who married Angeline Brinckle Bes- 
wick, was postmaster at Milford, Del.. l)y appointment of 
Presidents Grant and Hayes, and at sundry times member of 
State and County Republican committees. 

John W. Hering, son of W^m. G. and Angeline B. Hering, 
was educated at Delaware College ; member of the Convention 
that formed the last Constitution of Delaware. 1896-7. At 
the present time he is Secretary of the Milford Building and 
Loan Association. 


The Manlove family is an extensive one in Maryland, 
Delaware and Pennsylvania, and in numerous instances were 
inter-married with the Polks of those states. 

Mark Manlove, "The First Comer," as he is denominated 
by his descendants, came over from England and settled lie- 
fore 1652 in Northampton County, Virginia, locating in that 
section, which was later erected into Accomac County, ad- 
joining the Maryland line. From Northampton he is said to 
have removed in 1660-5 over into Somerset County. ^lary- 
land ; or, perhaps, the readjustment of the line between the 
two colonies threw him into ^laryland without removal. He 
received from the "Lower Countv" 750 acres of land for 



Milford, Del. 


T.rr®"' ^^"^^ AND 


"head-rights." Here he continued to reside until his death 
in 1666, which was a few years anterior to the arrival of the 
Polks and their location in Somerset. The will of Mark Man- 
love, on file in the Clerk's Office of Somerset County, was 
probated Sept. 14, 1666. He came, it is said, from Stafford- 
shire, England. 

Mark ^Nlanlove Sr., the "first comer," was twice married 
and had nine children by his first wife and three by his last, 

Eliza . Some of his children moved to Kent and 

some to Sussex County, Del. 

These children were : ^John ; -Thomas, of Sussex, who 
d. 1709 ; ■"'Ann, who married first Thos. Xixon of Kent, second- 
ly Robinson; ■*^Iary; •'^Mark Jr., of Kent, who d. 

1694; ''U'illiam ; "Christopher; ^George; "Luke; ^'^Hannah ; 
^^Abijah ; ^-Percy. 

^\'illiam Alanlove, son of Mark Sr.. d. 1694. He married 
Alice Robbins, of Kent County. He was a Justice of the 
Peace in 1688-90; memtoer Pennsylvania Assembly 1689-93. 
He received a grant of one thousand acres of land. 

The children of A\'illiam and Alice Robbins ]\Ianlove were : 
^Mark ; -\^'illiam ; -"Mary ; '^Hannah ; "Elizabeth ; ^Samuel. 

A\'illiam (son of William), married Elizabeth 

and had issue: ^William; -Elizabeth (who married Peter 

Brinckle), who d. 1?65 ; 2:\Iary . Their children were: 

^Wm. ; -Jesse; ^Peter ; ^Mary, who married Jas. Gregory. 

Marv Gregory had issue: \Tames ; -Mary, who married 
Felix Thibault, b. 1T91, and descended from an ancient family 
of France ; "Julia, who married Guy Bryan, a descendant of 
Sir Guy Bryan. 

Mary Thibault had one child, Cecelia Julia Thibault, who 
married J. Creagh Smith, of Revolutionary descent. They 
had issue: ^George ; -M. Cecelia: ^Amelia Holmes; ^Felix; 
^J. Creagh. 


William Manlove Sr., ancestor of the :\Ianloves of Dela- 
ware, was b. and resided in Shropshire. England. lie had 
six brothers, whose given names are unknown. Two (.f his 


children were Rowland and Mark. The latter was known as 
the "first comer" of the family to America about 1650 settling 
first in Northampton County, Virginia, and later in Maryland, 
about 1666. 

Rowland oManlove was born at W'ern, in Shropshire, and 
was in the naval service under Sir Walter Levison. He ob- 
tained sufficient wealth to enable him to buy of Sir Walter 
Chetwind, "Wanfields," in the parish of Rynston, near Utto- 
xeter, County Stafiford, and d. there in 1653, or about the time 
his brother Mark emigrated to Virginia. 

Rowland Alanlove married Magdalen, daughter of Wil- 
liam Wyke and they had issue : ^Sarah, who married Wm. 
Bartlett ; ^Mary, who married Morgan of Whitechurch; ^Eliza- 
beth, who married Thomas Manlove ; ■*Alice, who married 
Roger Fowke, of Snowshall ; ^Margaret, who married Thomas 
Challonan, of Chedle. 

Matthew Manlove (second son of Matthew and Susan- 
naih), was a Captain in Col. Samuel Patterson's "Flying 
Camp" Regiment of the Revolution. Capt. Matthew Man- 
love's will is dated Feb. 11, ISll : probated Dec. 19, 1811. The 
devisees in his will were his nephew, Governor Charles Polk, 
and his sister Jemima (Manlove) Molleston. 

Curtis Brinckle and Mary Manlove had one child, Phoebe 
Brinckle, b. 1733, d. 1801. She married John Beswick, who d. 
1771. She then married Smith Bassett, by whom she had no 
issue. By her first husband she had issue: ^Mary; -Susan- 
nah; ^Sarah, who married Laws; ^Curtis, b. 1762, 

married Ann (Nancy) Minors, and d. 1812; ^George, b. 1764; 
^Vincent Lockerman, b. 1767. 


The Curtis family came to /\merica from Bristol, Eng- 
land. John Curtis, the reputed first immigrant of the name 
to these shores and progenitor of the Delaware branch that 
intermarried with the Morris and other kinsmen of the Polks, 
was descended from an ancient family resident in Applefore, 
in County Kent, England. 

As far back as he can be traced, John was a wealthy land 


owner in the County of Kent, on Delaware, in the "Province 
of Pennyslvania." He was a prominent and influential man 
in his community and was frequently honored by otificial 
preferment. He was a member of the Governor's Council 
in 1687, '89, '90, '93, '98; member of the Assembly, from Kent, 
^m-l, '83, '84, '85. He d. April 30, 1698. The Curtis family 
was related to the Rodneys, of whom Caesar A. Rodney, one 
of the Delaware Signers of the Declaration of Independence 
was a distinguished representative. 

On arrival in Delaware, John Curtis obtained a patent 
from Governor Andros for "Aberdeen," Alay 5, 1769. (Duke 
of York's Record 189). Also see Duke of Yorks Book of Laws, 
p. 509, '23, '31, '34 ; 569, '76, 485, '95. He was Justice of the 
Peace for Kent County, Feb. 28, 1685, and again in 1690 
(Scharf's Hist. Del. 1089, 30. Also Register Soc. of Colonial 

John Curtis married first Elizabeth Cubley, daughter of 
John Cubley of Kent County, by whom he had four children. 
After her death he married Nov. 27, 1689, Priscilla Bowers, 
widow of George Bowers. At the time Priscilla married him 
she was the widow of Nathaniel Hunn. who had d. about 1718. 
The children of John Curtis were : ^Caleb ; -Ann ; ^Eliza- 
beth ; ^Winlock ; ^Ruth. Caleb is supposed to have died young 
and unmarried. Ann married Richard Curtis, of Mispillion, 
Kent County, March 1, 1687. ( vSee Deed Book B. -p. 65). 

Richard Curtis was a member of the Assembly from Kent 
County in 1690 and d. 1695. Their daughter Elizaibcth, who 
d. in 1743, married Peter Brinckle Sr., who d. April 15, 1728. 
Peter was a Justice of the Supreme Court of the "Three Lower 
Counties," April 2, 1717. Also a commissioner to lay off the 
town of Dover, and was in America before 1695. (Kent Will 
Book, D. p. 52, also Book F. p. 6, and Deed Book C. p. 208). 
Winlock Curtis, fourth child of John Curtis by his first 
wife, married Ann Bowers, sister-in-law of his stepmother, 
Winlock was administrator to his wife Ann, Feb. 9, 1698. 
He and Ann his wife had a daughter Ann, b. Xov. 15, l(i90, 
who married Robert Clay. (For this line see Robert Burton 
Genealogy, Maryland Register Soc. of Colonial Wars). 


Ruth, fifth child of John Curtis, 'by his secoud wife, Pris- 
cilla Bovvers, is untraced. 

The children of Richard and Ann Curtis were: ^Elizabeth, 
who married Peter Brinckle; -Samuel. Elizabeth survived 
her husband about thirteen years. (Kent County Will Book, 
H. p. 1-29, April !J, 1741.) Elizabeth d. in 1743, and Peter on 
April 14, 1728, and letters of administration were granted to 
his wife Elizabeth (See Book Y. p. 10). Samuel died young 
or single, and is untraced. 

Elizabeth Curtis (daughter of John and Elizabeth Cubley 
Curtis) and William Brinckle, her husband, had issue: ^Win- 
lock; -Jolm ; ^Mary, who married Jehu Curtis, Associate Jus- 
tice Kent County, April 1743 ; b. Oct. 19, 1693, d. Nov. 18, 1753 ; 

*Sarah, who married Col. ; ^Miriam, who married 

Highland ; ^'Elizabeth, who married John Clarke Jr., 

son of John Clarke Sr., and Elizabeth Green Manlove. 

Elizabeth Curtis Jr. (daughter of Ann and Richard Cur- 
tis), was a niece of the foregoing Elizabeth. She was married 
Jan. 5, 1687-8 to Peter Brinckle, and had issue: ^Curtis, d. 
1767; -Daniel, b. 1754; nVilliam, d. 1748; ^Peter, d. 1764; 
^Richard, d. 1788; ^Elizabeth, who married first Van Brinckle, 
second Davis. 

Curtis married Alary Manlove. daughter of Alatthew Man- 
love and Susannah Williams. (See Elizabeth Green Man- 

Curtis Brinckle,. son of Peter and Elizabeth Brinckle, 
d. 1767. Curtis and his first wife. Mary Manlove Brinckle. 
had one child, Phoebe, b. 1733,, who married John Beswick 

and d. in 1801. Curtis, second wife was Sarah . by 

whom he had no issue. After his death she married Geo. 

Phoebe Brinckle, b. 1733, d. 1801 and her hu^^and John 
Beswick had issue: ^Mary ; ^Susannah ; ^Sarah, who married 

Laws ; ^Curtis, b. 1762, married Nancy Minors, and d. 

1812; -"'George, b. 1764, married Priscilla Minors; ^Vincent 
Lockerman, b. 1767, married :\Iary Minors, and d. 1804. 

Curtis Beswick (son of John and Phoebe Beswick), mar- 
ried Nancy Minors and d. 1812. They had: ^Mary M., who 
d. unmarried, 1853; ^Curtis Brinckle, b. 1796, married Sarah 


S. Purnell, and d. ISSO ; ^Susannah Lockerman, who married 
Nathaniel Luff; ^Lovey, who married Nathaniel Oliver r.ow- 

Curtis LJrinckle Beswick, second child of Curtis and 
Nancy (^Minors) Beswick, was b. in 179G, and d. ISSO. lie 
married Sarah S. Purnell and had issue: ^John E. ; -William 
P., who married Susan Slaughter; ^Angelina B., who married 
W'm. G. Hering; '^Robert J.; "'Sallie A., who married II. Mas- 
ten; *^Geo. W. P.; 'Mary E. (For descendants of William 1'. 
and Angelina B., see Minors' Chart.) 


Philip Barratt Sr., settled on Sassafras river, Cecil Coun- 
ty, Maryland, before 1678 and d. Aug. 1T33. He married Jane 
Merritt, daughter of Thomas and Elizabeth Merritt, of the 
same county. After Philip's death his widow, Jane, married 
Joseph Price, of Kent County, Delaware. Philip Barratt, Sr., 
and his wife Jane had one child, Philip Barratt, Jr., 
who married Miriam Sipple. Philip Barratt Jr., was a pro- 
minent man in his day. He was b. in Cecil, Oct. 13, 1730, and 
d. Oct. 2S, 1784. He was sheriff" of Kent County in 1775; 
member of Assembly 1779-1784. He was the founder of Har- 
ratt's Chapel, Kent County, where the American ^Methodist 
Episcopal Church was started. (See Conrad's History of 
Delaware, p. 892.) 

^Miriam Sipple (wife of Philip Jr.), the daughter ol W ait- 
man Sipple Jr., b. 1737, married 1755. After the death ot 
Philip Barratt Jr., she married Dr. Edward WHiite, of Mary- 
land, and d. Aug. 3. 1800. 

Philip Barratt Jr., and Jane Merritt, his wife, had two 
children, Caleb Barratt, who married Mary in can. daugiiter 
of Jonathan Neall of Talbott County, Maryland, and Andrew 
Barratt, who married Ann Clarke, daughter of John Clarke -U], 
and Elizabeth ^McNatt. 

Ann was b. Feb. 2S, 1759, married Dec. 1<). 177S. and d. 
Oct. 9, 1811. Her husband, Andrew Barratt, was b. in Kent 
County, Sept. 22, 1756. and d. April 18. 1821. lie was Judge 
of the Court of Common Pleas for Kent County, in 1 ;!•!!; 



Speaker of the Delaware Senate, in 1812, "13, "1-1; Presidential 
Elector 1816, '20; Sheriff of Kent County 1790, '92; member 
of the Assembly from Kent in 1792. 

Andrew and Ann (Clarke) Barratt had a daughter Ann, 
who married Dr. Robert Dill, Ann was b. Oct. 18, 1781, and 
d. Feb. 13, 1814. She and Dr. Dill were married Dec. 27, 
1804. Dr. Dill was Adjutant General of Delaware in 1814. He 
was b. about 1778, and d. Dec. 19, 1819. They had a daughter, 
Ellen Leighton Dill, b. Dec. 1, 1805, d. Dec. 25, 1868. She was 
married Dec. 2, 1823 to James Barratt Sr.. of Kent, who was 
b. in that County in 1797, and d. in Philadelphia, Feb. 3, 1862. 
In 1859 he was President of the Corn Exchange in that city. 

James Barratt Sr., and his wife Ellen Leighton Dill had 
a son, James Barratt Jr., who married Mary Irvine Cummings. 
The latter couple had a son, Judge Morris S. Barratt, b. Aug. 
23, 1862. He was admitted to the Philadelphia Bar Dec. 1, 
1883, and is at the present time Judge of the Philadelphia 
Court of Common Pleas No. 2. Judge Barratt was married 
to Ellen Levering, b. 1874, and they have three children, 
iNorris Stanley Jr., b. 1895 ; ^Thomas Levering, b. 1899 ; ^Edith 
b. 1907. 


John Clarke, a prominent citizen of Delaware, bought 
land in Kent Jan. 10, 1701 (see Book F. p. 57). His will is 
dated Nov. 29, 1727 and was probated Jan. 12, 1729. (See 
Will Book S. 'p. 34). 

John Clarke married Elizabeth (Greene) Manlove, widow 
of Mark Manlove of Kent County. John Clarke d. 1694, while 
Justice of the Peace for Kent County. He conveyed to his 
wife, Elizabeth, 200 acres of land in Kent County, and after 
her death he married Catharine . 

John Clarke and Eliza^beth (Greene) Manlove, his wife, 
had a son John Clarke Jr., who married Elizabeth Brinckle. 
She was a daughter of William and Elizabeth (Curtis) Brinkle. 
John Clarke Jr., d. early in 1755, and letters of administration 
were granted to his widow, Elizabeth, Jan. 25, 1755. 

Elizabeth, after JolJin's death, married Peter Lawler, 

POLK F A M I L V A ^' D K I N S M E N 4g3 

(after April 1, 1722 and before Oct. 31, 1825), and in 1744 
bought 348 acres "Peter's Neck Farm." 

John Clarke Jr., and his wife Elizabeth Brinckle had a 
son, John Clarke 3d, who married Elizabeth McNatt. John 
3d was a member of the General Assembly, from Kent. Oct. 
1769; Judge Court of Common Pleas of Kent, 1777. He d. 
Dec. IS, 1781. 

Elizabeth McXatt, wife of John Clarke 3d, was a daughter 
of John McNatt. Judge Andrew Barratt's bible, in possession 
of John W. Hering, gives the name of the wife of John Clarke 
Jr., as Elizabeth. John Clarke's will calls his wife Ann ; hence 
the latter must have been the name of a second wife. 

John Clarke 3d, and his wife, Elizabeth ]\IcNatt had seven 
children : ^Ann Clarke, who married Andrew Barratt, as here- 
tofore stated ; -William ; "W^inlock, Lieutenant U. S. Navy, 
d. in 1810; ^Clement ; ^^Elizabeth ; ^Sarah ; 'John. The latter /i- /^f 
was a member of the Delaware House, from Kent, 1910, '11, 
'13, '14, '15. He married , and had two chil- 
dren : ^Elizabeth, who married Robert C. Pennewill, and 
^Anna, who married Caleb H. Sipple. Anne Clark Barratt, 
was b. Feb. 28. 1759 ; married to Andrew Barratt Dec. 10. 1778 ; 
d. Oct. 9, 1811. 


The following members of the Brinckle family who were 
in the military service of Pennsylvania Colony are copied from 
Penn. Archives, Vol. 1, 5th Series: 

"List of officers of the Lower Regiment, Newcastle Coun- 
ty, 1756. 'Col. Jacob Van Bibber,' who married Mary 
Brinckle of Mispillion Hundred, Kent County." 

"List of officers for the regiment of Militia for Kent upon 
Delaware, 1756: "Lieut. Col. John Brinckle,' " p. 54. 

"Lower part of Little Creek Hundred, Kent County, Capt. 
John Brinckle, 1756," p. 55. 

"Lower part of Mispillion Hundred. Capt. Benjamin 
Brinckle; Lieut. John :\Iolleston," p. 55. 

"Names and dates of enlistment of Capt. French Battell's 
Company of ye Lower County Provincials, 1758. Joseph 
Brinckle Mav 24th," p. 176. 

4g4 P O LK F A M I LV AND K I N S M £ N 


John Brinckle, of Kent County, Delaware, b. about 1(U4, 
was a member of William Penn's Council; member of the 
Assembly at various times ; Associate Justice ; Captain of 
Colonial Militia; etc. His will was probated at Dover in 
Dec. 8, 1721. In it he makes a devise to his "cousin Peter 
Brinckle," who married Elizabeth Curtis, etc. (For continu- 
ation see Curtis genealogy.) 

The aforenamed John Brinckle married 

and had a daughter, Elizabeth. She married Arthur Meston 
and d. in 1821. Her daughter Elizabeth married Rev. Thomas 
Crawford, of Glasgow, Scotland, the first minister in Dela- 
ware, and was buried in the Chancel of Christ Church, Dover. 

The children of Elizabeth and Rev. Thomas Crawford 

were : 

Elizabeth, who married Caesar Rodney and had issue: 
^Caesar A. Rodney (signer of the Declaration of Indepen- 
dence) ; -George ; ^William ; ^Daniel ; •"'Thomas. 


One of the prominent families of Delaware connected by 
marriage with Ephraim's branch of the Polk family is that of 
Hayes. Richard Hayes, the immigrant, was b. in England in 
1679. He came to Delaware in 1696 and d. in 1773. at the age 
of 77 years. Five years after coming to Delaware he was 
married to Dolly Manlove, by whom he had a son, Captain 
Nathaniel Hayes, b. 1703, d. 1786. Capt. Hayes married 
Elizabeth Carlisle, and had a son Richard Hayes, b. 1743, d. 
1796, who married Priscilla Polk, b. Nov. 15, 1742, d. 1816, 
daughter of Chas. Polk 1st, and grand daughter of Ephraim 
Polk 1st. 

Richard d. in 1796 and Priscilla married secondly Pem- 
berton Carlisle. By hi- wife, Priscilla. Richard Hayes had 
issue: ^Alanlove, b. 1767, d. 1849 ; ^Mary. b. about 1769, never 
married; ^Betsy, 'b. about 1771, never married; ^Alexander, b. 
about 1773, never married; ^Charles, b. about 1775, never 
married ; ^Sarah, b. about 1777, never married. 

Manlove Hayes, tht eldest of the children, as if deter- 
mined to make up for the celibacy of his two brothers and three 


sisters, married three times; first Zipporah Laws in n!)"2 ; sec- 
ond to Mary Laws; third to Ann Emerson, nee Bell, in 181L 
By his first w^ife, Zipporah Laws, he had issue : ^Judge Alex- 
ander Laws Hayes, b. 1793, d. 1875, married Mrs. Isabella 
^IcClay, nee Patterson; -Mary Hayes, b. 1795, married W. K. 
Lockwood. Issue: ^John A.; -Henry H. ; -"Anna E., married 
H. Goodwin. 

Judge x-Mexander Laws Hayes and his wife. ]\Irs. Labclla 

M'cClay had issue : ^Edmund, b. . married , d. 

without issue; -Mary E., 'b. , married J. Bowman Bell; 

^Charles, b. , d. unmarried ; '^Catharine, b. . un- 

traced; ^Louisa, b. , married Alexander Cummins; 

^Harriet, b. , untraced. 

By his second wife, Mary Laws, Manlove Hayes had a 
daughter Eliza I\I. Hayes. She was twice married, first to 
Dr. Thomas Stout, by whom she had one child, Peter F. Stout. 
Her second husband was William F. Boone, of Philadelphia, 
by whom she had William AI. and Charles Boone. William 
M. married Sally Kennedy of Baltimore. 

By his third wife, Ann Emerson, nee Bell, Manlove Hayes 

had issue : ^Harriet Sykes, b. , untraced ; -Col. ]\Ianlove, 

President Delaware Railway, b. , married Rebecca C. 

Howell. Issue: ^^lary, -Edith, SAnna Bell; ^Charles Polk, b. 
_^ married Julia F. Blake. Issue: Anna Bell, deceased. 


William Polk (son of Lieut. John Polk, son of Joseph Polk 
and Sarah Coverdale), w^as b. in Sussex County, Jan. :5(». 1781, 

and d. . William was twice married ; first to Elizabeth 

Tatman, daughter of Purnell Tatman ; secondly to Miss Mar- 
garet (Pennington) Cochran, (widow of John T. Cochran), 
in Dec. 1835. 

By his first wife William Pt-lk had issue: 

(1) Cyrus Polk, b. Jan. 3, ISKi, d. June 27, 1859. Cyrus 
married Mary Jane Flintham, daughter of Benjamin Flintham. 

(2) Elizabeth (or Eliza, daughter of William l^)lk l)y first 

wife, was b. , married at Cantwell's Bridge (now 

Odessa, Del.), to John P. Cochran, Ai)ril 4, 183:5, and d. July 
U, 1855. Their children were: ^Vm. R.. 1). July -20. ]s:',l; 

486 P O L K F A M I LY A N L) K I N S M IS N 

^Rebecca, b. Nov. 3, 1836, married Dr. T. R. Gilispie; ^Charles 

P./b March 27, 1839; ^John. b. June 2A, 1841, d. ; •'^Eliza, 

b. Oct. 5, 1843, married W'm. Green; "Juliana, b. Dec. 17, 184S ; 
■^Cyrus, b. Dec. 25. 1852, d. 1853. 

Julia Polk daughter of William Polk and his second wife, 

Mrs. Margaret (Pennington) Cochran, b. , married 

June 29, 1853, David J. Cummins, President of the Smyrna 
National Bank. They had issue: ^William Polk Cummins; 
^Mary P. Cummins ; ^Susan F. Cummins ; '^Juliet Agnes Cum- 
mins ; •''Edith J. Cummins ; '''Albert W. Cummins. 

Charles Tatman Polk, youngest son of William and 
Elizabeth (or Eliza) Polk, h. Dec. 18. 1818. d. March 31, 1863; 
married in 1853, Sarah Eliza White, daughter of George 
White, a wealthy farmer near Milford, Del., by whom he had 
four children: ^Cyrus Polk, b. at Odessa. June 15, 1853; 
^George White Polk. b. Sept. 33, 1854; •"'Chas. T. Polk. b. 
March 27. 1856; nVilliam Polk. b. Nov. 19, 1857. 


The first one of the Luff family to come to America was 
Hugh Luff', from England, in 1685. On arrival he secured 
warrants from Wm. Penn for lands in Delaware, on which he 
settled, and where his descendants have contiued to reside to 
the present day. The first warrant accorded to him was dated 
August 30, 1685, as appears by the records at Dover, Kent 

Hugh had two sons, Nathaniel 1st, and Caleb, and these 
names 'have come down through succeeding generations. 
Nathaniel also had a son, Nathaniel Luff' 3d, and the latter two 
sons, Nathaniel P. and Caleb Luff. 

Nathaniel 3d. was married four times. First to Ailsey 
Fawcett ; second to Susannah L. Beswick; third to Mary E. 
Thompson ; fourth to Rebecca McCalley. A son by the first 
wife was John S. Luff, who served in the Mexican War as 
First Lieutenant of the First Pennsylvania Regiment. He 
was wounded at Vera Cruz and Cerro Gordo. Later he ac- 
comipanied his half brother. Nathaniel P. Luff, to California 
during the gold fever. 



DR. J. M. LUFF, 
Felton, Del. 

.Sr.-, tEMOX^ANO^ 


The second wife of Xathaniel 'id, Sussannah Lockerman 
Beswick was the progenitress of Dr. J. Al. Luff. They were 
married Aug. 31, 1823. She was a daughter of Curtis and 
Nancy Beswick, who was a daughter of Mary (Polk) Minors, 
daughter of Charles Polk 1st, and Patience ]\Ianlove. Xathan- 
iel was b. in 1T91 and d. April 3, 1859. Susannah was b. June 
y, 1798, and d. June 21, 1846. 

The old Luff' plantation in ]\Iilford Xeck adjoined that of 
Governor Charles Polk, and a part of the latter, when sold in 
1836 was purchased by Xathaniel P., who devised it to his 
son. Dr. J. AI. Luff", of Felton. Caleb Luff 2d, was in the 
Delaware Legislature during the Revolution. He had a son, 
Dr. Xathaniel Luff', who was a surgeon in Washington's 

Nathaniel P. Luff married Mar^y C. IMoore, daughter of 
Thos. Jefferson Moore, and sister of Dr. John A. IMoore. The 
latter's son. John Ba!^ett Moore, was a distinguished inter- 
national lawyer and counsel to the Paris Commission. The 
Luffs have always been extensive land-holders and leading 
business men. Xathaniel P. owned seven beautiful farms at 
his death. The children of Xathaniel 2d, and Susan L. Luff 

were : 

(1) William B. and Mary Ann Luff, twins, b. June 2."')th 
and 26th. 1824, and died in infancy. 

(2) Annie Elizabeth Luff', b. Oct. 12. 1826. Living in 
Chicago. She married Isaac Preston and had issue: ^Her- 
bert Preston, who d. July 25, 1907. He married Beatrice 
Bruce, No issue; ^Thomas C. Preston, who married Alice Car- 
ley Williamson. 

(3) AVilliam N. Luff, b. Sept. 23, 1862, married Jean Allen 
?,nd they have: William Thomas and Robert Allen. The 
Prestons all reside in Chicago. 

(4) Xathaniel Peterson Luff, b. Jan. 13, 1829, d. Sept. 25. 
1901, married Mary C. Moore. 

(5) Caleb Lockerman Luff, b. Feb. 12, 1832, married 

Elmire Moore. 

(6) Susan Luff, b. June 24, 1834, married Andrew Logan. 

(7) Joshua B. Luff. b. Jan. 23, 1827, d. Aug. 5, 188S. mar- 
ried Emma Harrington. 

490 P O LK F A M I LY A N D K I N S M E N 

(8) \Vm. Joseph Luff, b. Aug. 23, 1841. Drowned April 
11, 1843. 

The children of Nathiel Peterson Luff' and Mary C. Moore 
were: ^Dr. Jefferson Moore Luff, b. Dec. 1, 1858; -Annie 
Mary Luff, b. March 20, 1864; ^Addie Beswick Luff, b. July 
7, 1870. M\ unmarried. 

Caleb Lockerman Luff married Elmire Moore, in 18G6, 
and had issue: ^Herbert P. Luff', 1). Oct. 26, 1867; ^Katie 
Moore Luff, b. July 7, 1870. She married Wm. Case and had 
a child Milla Natalie Case, b. Aug. 27, 1893. 

Susan Luff and her husband, Andrew Logan, had issue: 

iHenry C. Logan, b. , d. March 6, 1894; ^Thomas C. 

Logan, b. — , d. Aug. 9, 1909; -"AVilliam B. Logan, b. , 

married Grace ; ^Elliott Logan, b. . None of 

these had children. 

Joshua Beswick Luff, who married Emma Harrington, 
first, and Susan A. Callahan second, had by the first: ^Nathan- 
iel H. Luff", b. Nov. 24, 1859, d. single Nov. 1, 1895 ; ^Sarah M. 
Luff, b. Nov. 7, 1862, d. in infancy; ^Caleb B. Luff, b. Feb. 2, 
1861, d. in Petaluma, Cal., March 9, 1902, married Evelyn Dal- 
ton and left two children, Genevieve and Hale Harper Luff; 
^Emma H. Luff, b. Feb. 4, 1864, married first Oliver J. Hart, 
second Thomas Sliter. No issue by either husband, and the 
widow now resides in Washington, D. C. 

By his second wife, Susan A. Callahan, Joshua B. Luff had : 
^Dr. Joshua Horner Luff, h. , who married Clara Shoe- 
maker Johnson. She d. ]\Iay 29, 1907, leaving children : 
^Elizabeth ; ^Gertrude and ^Virginia. Gertrude married John 
Harrison Rathman, no issue. 

Dr. Joshua Homer Luff is a successful practition at 
Hudson, N. Y. Caleb B. Luff, his half-brother, went to Cali- 
fornia when a young boy and became in time manager of Hale 
Bros, store at Petaluma and died there. He had a very suc- 
cessful business career, was making a large salary, and was 
highly esteemed in the community. 

Dr. Jefferson Moore Luff, of Felton, son of Nathaniel P. 
Luff, is a prominent and wealthy man in his town, and has 
frequently been solicited to offer himself for political prefer- 
ment. Li 1879 he commenced the study of medicine, grad- 


uating in ISSI from Jefferson Medical College, at Philadelphia. 
He at once entered upon a lucrative practice and also owns 
and conducts a drug store in Felton. 


John i'ulk (second son of Ephraim and Elizabeth (^W'il- 
liams) Polk, was born about 1705, and died in 1782. He mar- 
ried Sarah Vaughan, daughter of Lt. Col. Joseph Vaughan, 
the distinguished commander of "The Blue Hen's Chickens." 
the only Continental infantry regiment from Delaware in the 
Revolutionary \\'ar, and which, by its valor on many fields, 
won imperishable renown. It participated in all the hattles of 
Washington at the north, and its ranks were sadly decimated, 
under Gates and Green in the Carolinas, being finally reduced 
to a handful. It lost heavily at both the Cowpens and Cam- 
den. Its first two commanders were Col. John Haslett, from 
Jan. 19, 1776, to Jan. 3, 1777; Col. David Hall, from April 5, 
1777. to Dec. 14, 1779. Col. Haslett fell at the hard fought 
battle of Princeton. 

At the battle of Germantown, Oct. 4, 1777, Col. Hall was 
severely wounded and incapacitated for further service. In 
the same battle were other Polks— Lt. Col. Wm. Polk, of 
North Carolina, whose regiment had come North in the 
brigade of Gen. Francis Nash, who was killed in the l)attie ; 
Ephraim Polk. 3d. of Sussex County, Delaware, who was a 
member of Capt. Joseph Rhoad's Company, Col. Wm. Wills' 
Philadelpha regiment; Joab Polk (brother of Ephraim, 3d) 
of Capt. Bateman Lloyd's company. Second New Jersey regi- 
ment ,and several others of the name. 

Col. Thos. Polk (of Mecklenburg Declaration fame, 
father of Lt. Col. Wm. Polk) commanded a squadron of North 
Carolina Cavalry and was not in the battle, being detailed to 
escort the American baggage and supply train of seven hun- 
dred wagons, from Philadelphia to a place of safety at the 
Moravian settlement, Bethlehem. All the bells of the city 
were taken along, including the famous Liberty I'.ell. wlncli, 
the Moravian church records at Bethehem say, fell fmni its 
wagon onto the street before the wagon train was parke<l. 
Colonel Hall's wound being so severe that he could not 


continue in the service, on Dec. 14, 1879, Lt. Col. Joseph 
\'aughan was placed in charge of the regiment and continued 
in command of it until the close of the war. In the battle of 
Camden, Aug. 16, 178U, it was sadly depleted, the brunt of the 
fighting in that sanguinary conflict being sustained by it and 
the Maryland regiment. I'efore the end of the w^ar its num- 
bers were reduced to al^uut two companies or less. It entered 
the service with full ranks, received many recruits during the 
war, and the small remnant of it that survived the long strug- 
gle mournfully attested the valor of its rank and tile. 

John Polk and Sarah Vaughan left six children, \iz: ^Wil- 
liam; -John; -'Levin; "^Eunice Jane; 'MJetsy; *^Sally. William 
was a leading Whig in his neighborhood. He was one of the 
Minute Men and a member of the Committee of Vigilance dur- 
ing the Revolution, and afterwards Surveyor General of Del- 
aware. He married, first Rachel Bell; second, Leah [Mar- 
shall. William was a man of great enterprise and acquired 
a large fortune in lands and mills in Sussex County. He owned 
three or four mills at his death, and also large tracts of land 
in Harrison County, Virginia, which, l)y his will, executed on 
Nov. 30, 1786, he devised equally to his four children. His 
lands in Sussex adjoined those of the Galloways, Frenys, 
Williams, Greers, Kennys and Bacons, as recited in his will 
\\'illiam died about 1796. His children were: ^Robert; 
-Anne ; ^Leah ; '^Sally Andrews. Robert married Elizabeth 
Kinney and left one child, Xichola, who died in 1846, unmar- 
ried. Anne married A\ illiam Ready. They moved to Ohio 
and had several children. Leah married Wm. Polk, her firs 
cousin (son of John Polk, son of John, son of Ephraim), and 
left four children : ^Eliza ; -John ; ^Southey Andrews ; ^W^ash- 
ington. The latter was lost at sea in 1839. Sally Andrews 
Polk, the last daughter of William, 1st, son of John, second 
son of Ephraim, married Levin Collins, an eminent surveyor. 
Their children were: ^Luther; -Sally; ^Luraine ; ^Hiram 
•^Leah ; •'Levin. Luther Collins married, first, Luraine, daugh- 
ter of John Collins. Their children were: ^Levin P.; -Mary 
E. His second wife was Eleanor Cannon, a widow, whose 
maiden name was Leonard, of Somerset County, Alaryland. 
Their children were Luraine and George Hamilton. Sally 



Collins married Anthony Collins, and they had issue: ^Wil- 
liam Henry; -Leah Anne; ^Cyrus Edwin. They moved to 
Ohio. Luraine Collins, second daughter of Sally Polk and 
Levin Collins, married Capt. Eisha Purnell, and they had 
issue: ^William Thomas; -Emeline ; '^Sally ; ^Hiram T. ; 
^Phillip Cannon. Hiram Collins, second son of Sally Polk 
and Levin Collins, married Susan Armstrong, of Laurel, Del. 
Their children were : ^Alartha ; -Eliza J. ; ^Euphemia ;-'Edwin ; 
^Caleb Polk ; '^Joshua Dallas ; 'Cyrus. Levin Collins, third son 
and youngest child of Levin Collins and Sally Polk, married 
Julia Ann Aloore, daug-hter of Luther ]\Ioore, of Sussex. They 
had but one child, a daughter. George Anne. 

John Polk, who was the second son of John Polk and 
Sarah \'aughan. was also a leading \\'hig and Alinute ]\lan 
of Sussex County. On several occasions these brothers 
shouldered their guns and assisted in quelling Tories bent on 
mischief. William was particularly bold and aggressive to- 
ward the enemies of his country. John first married Betty 
Moore, daughter of Thomas Moore, of Sussex, and had one 
child, AMlliam. John married, secondly, Polly Dolbee, and 
had: ^\\'illiam ; -John; ^Josiah. Polly was a sister of the 
mother of Judge James Robbins, of Worcester County. Mary- 
land. William, son of John Polk and Betsy Moore, married 
Leah Polk, daughter of his father's brother. William, and had: 
^Eliza ; -John ; ^Southey Andrews ; ^Washington. John died 
before he was ^l, unmarried. \\'ashington was drowned at 
sea in l<s;39. Southey Andrews resided at Laurel, Sussex 
County, and was engaged in business there as a merchant. He 

was a man of fine character and intelligence. Eliza, b, , 

d. iS^r), married Isaac Williams, and left one child, Elizabeth 
Polk. The second wife of William, son of John and Betty 
Moore, was the widow Hetty Glover, of Philadelphia. They 
had two sons, who died in infancy. William died ir. 1>".M, 
aged 4-L years. He was a man adorned with almost on ery 
virtue. He inherited a good estate, and made two fortunes 
afterwards. But through his kindness to and confidence in .^11 
men. he died poor. Though long in trade he was never known 
to sue anyone. He was a member of the Legislature, and 
the suavitv of his manners and the purity of his heart marie 


him a favorite wherever he went and gave him uncommon 

John Polk, son of John P'olk and Polly Dolbee (and half 
brother of William afore-mentioned), was born in 1771) and 
died in 1843, a bachelor. He was a merchant in Laurel. No 
man, perhaps, ever enjoyed the confidence and affections of 
those who knew him. in a higher degree. He possessed a 
very vigorous mind, and business habits that crowned his 
labors with a handsome fortune. He died in 18-13, at the age 
of 63. 

Josiah Polk, second son of John Polk and Polly Dolbee, 
was a farmer in Sussex and Captain of militia. He marched 
to Lewistown during the war of 1S12, to defend it against the 
attacks of the enemy. He was born about 1781. and died in 
1839, unmarried. Levin Polk, third son of John Polk and 
Sarah Vaughan, died at the age of twenty-two years, unmar- 

Eunice Jane Polk, eldest daughter and fourth child of 
John Polk and Sarah Vaughan, was born Oct. 2, 1743, in Sus- 
sex County, and died in Woodford County. Kentucky, May 
12. 1809. On account of her primness and amiable manner 
she was popularly called "Nicey" Polk. She married Capt. 
John Scroggin, one of seven gallant brothers who were offcers 
in the Revolution. In the fall of 1793, Capt. Scroggin and 
family emigrated to Kentucky with several kinsmen — Ephraim 
Polk, 3d, the Morris. Xutters, Coverdales and others. 

Betsy Polk, second daughter of John Polk and Sarah 
Vaughan. married Lowder Sirman, of Sussex County. Dela- 
ware. Their children were: ^Lowder; -Betsy; ^Levin ; **John. 
Lowder Sirman. Jr.. married Sally Calloway, of Essex, and 
they had issue : ^William ; -James ; ^John Polk ; ^Lowder ; 
■^Nancy ; ^Maria ; '''Sarah. William married Lovey Smith, and 
they had but one child, Sarah Elizabeth. W^illiam, second 
wife was Polly Smith, sister to Lovey, by whom he h-ad Wil- 
liam L. and Lovey Ellen. James Sirman, son of Lowder Sir- 
man, Jr.. married Lovey Elliott and had issue: ^Eleanor; 
-Samuel; ^W^m. Spicer; ^Benjamin. John Polk Sirman, son 
of Lowder Sirman. Jr.. married Elizabeth Staten. daughter of 
Rev. Thomas W. Staten. of Worcester County. Md. Issue: 



^Isaac Warner; -John William; ^Sarah Ellen. Betsy Simian, 
daughter of Betsy Polk and Lowder Sirman, Sr., diel unmar- 
ried. Levin Sirman married Betsy Vaughan and had: 
^George; ^Joseph; ^Elizabeth; nVilliam H. ; ^John C. ; *^Elea- 
nor; ^Mary. 

George married Aliss Leonard, of Somerset County, Alary- 
land. Joseph married, first, Sarah Morris, of Sussex; second, 
Ann Thompson. William H. married Hannah ]\Iorris. Eliz- 
abeth married Stewart Shockley, of Somerset County. Eleanor 
married Levin Sullivan, of Sussex. Mary married John Leon- 
ard, of Somerset County. 

John, the youngest son of Betsy Polk and Lowder Sir- 
man, Sr., married Mary Derickson, daughter of General Sam- 
uel Derickson, of Sussex, a man of distinction. John died 
without issue. 

Sally Polk, youngest child of John Polk and Sarah 
Vaughan, married John Bacon, of Sussex, and had one child. 
Henry Bacon, a substantial, highly respected farmer and citi- 
zen, who was three times married ; first, to Mary Parker, 
daughter of George Parker, of Somerset County, Maryland, 
by whom he had issue: (1) Sally Bacon, who married Wm. 
Knowles, of Laurel. Del. They had issue: ^George; -Mary 
A.; ^Martha J.; '^Sally ; ^Olivia ; «Emma ; {2) George Bacon 
married and settled in Missouri, and had a family; (3) !Mary 
Bacon marriel David A. Moore anl died without issue; (4) 
William Bacon married ]\Iaria Dashiel, daughter of Winder 
Dashiel, of Laurel. Del., and settled in Somerset. They had is- 
sue : ijohn; -Mary; ^Winder; ^Rebecca; (5) Xancy Bacon 
married Thos. Philips, of Seaford, Del., and had one child. 
James; (6) Elizabeth married Henry Brereton, of Somerset, 
and emigrated to the Southwest. Issue not known. Henry 
Bacon's second wife was Priscilla Fookes, of Worcester, Mary- 
land, by whom he had issue: ^Henry, died unmarried; -Jona- 
than, who married a widow \'ickers, daughter of Thomas 
Fookes, of Delaware. He died leaving a daughter. Henry 
Bacon's third wife was Alary Hearne, of Sussex County. Dela- 
ware. Lssue: flames; -John; ''Thomas; ^Samuel; "'Levin; 
^Lavenia; 'Henry. Several of the Hearne's emigrated tn Cen- 
tral Kentuckv and have numerous descendant.-, there. 

493 P O LK F A M I LV A N D K I N S M E N 


On the arrival of Capt. John Scroggin and Eunice Jane 
(Polk) Scroggin, his wife, in Kentucky in the fall of 1793, they 
established themselves on a fine farm in Bourbon County, 
about twelve miles from Cynthiana. There they lived, pros- 
pered, raised their children and died, and their bodies were 
interred in the family burying ground on the farm. It is said 
that Capt. Scroggin's brother, Samuel, accompanied by 
Ephraim Polk, 3d, and several others from Sussex, had pre- 
viously come to Kentucky fin 1786) to view the land and fix 
on locations for their respective families. And when they 
came in 1193, they fixed their homes not far apart, some locat- 
ing in Bourbon and some in Woodford County. John and 
Samuel settled in what is now Blarrison — then a part of Bour- 
bon — and Robert and other brothers in Woodford County. 
All the related families that came — the Scroggins, Xutters, 
Polks and Morris — brought with them from Delaware slaves 
and live stock. 

The descendants of the Scroggin family are among the 
very few people in Kentucky or the A\"est who can claim that 
royal blood flows in their veins, as they descend directly from 
the Princess Fantalina. daughter of Philip V, of Spain. The 
genealogy of the Scroggin family, which has been carefully 
preserved, and a copy of which w^as given to the author of 
this book a quarter of a century ago, is as follows : 


An Irish naval officer, named Joseph Scroggin, who was 
in the service of Philip V, of Spain, became enamored of that 
monarch's daughter, the Princess Fantalina. She reciprocated 
the aiTection of the impetuous Hibernian, who abducted her, 
took her on board his vessel, and sailing away, married her. 


In 1711 they came to America, landing at Baltimore, l)rinL;ing 
land grants, diamonds, gold snuft boxes and other jewels. 
Having several grants of land, Joseph settled near Snow II ill, 
in the Colony of Maryland, where he died. Their only child, 
Joseph Scroggin, Jr., was born in 1715. In 1740, at the age of 
twenty-five, Joseph Scroggin, Jr., was married to Sarah Ann 
Caldwell, whose sister, Martha Caldwell, was the mother of 
Hon. John C. Calhoun of South Carolina, one of America's 
greatest men. 

Doubtless, 'by reason of the fact that the high temper of 
both the Irish and Spanish races w^ere united in him, Joseph 
Scroggin, Jr., appears to have been a self-willed and uncon- 
trollable youth, falling out with his mother, leaving her, refus- 
ing to speak to her, or to submit to her control ; and. it is said, 
not even the taming yoke of matrimony could cool his fiery 

Joseph Scroggin, Jr., and his wife, Sarah Caldwell, had 
thirteen children: ^Nancy, b. May 13, 1741; -John, b. Nov. 
13, 1743; 3Mary, b. Nov. 13, 1745; ^Joseph, b. June 17, 1747; 
•'^Samuel, b. June 14, 1749; •'Sarah, b. Sept. 14, 1750; "Robert 
Calwell, b. March 1, 1753; nVilliam, b. April 24, 1755; ^'Mil- 
dred, b. June 15, 1757; ^ophilip, b. Sept. 5, 1759; "Annie Cald- 
well, b. June IS, 1761 ; ^-Thomas Clark, b. July 4. 1762 ; 
i":\Iatilda. b. Aug. 21, 1764. Princess Fantalina, the mother of 
Joseph Scroggin, Jr., died Dec. 31, 1770. 

Of the foregoing "baker's dozen" of children: Nancy 
married James Polk, in Delaware. Capt. John, as stated, mar- 
ried Eunice Jane Polk. Mary married Capt. Revel Wharton, 
who was killed on his own vessel in an engagement with the 
British, in the War of 1812. She afterward married Wm. F. 
Boone, of Philadelphia. Mary's only child (by her first mar- 
riage) married Elisha English, of Kentucky, grandfather of 
Hon. Wm. H. English, of Indiana, wdio was candidate for 
Vice President on the ticket with General Hancock. Mr. Eng- 
lish's daughter, Rosa English married Dr. Wllloughl)y Wall- 
ing, formerly of Louisville, now of Chicago, who was United 
States Consul at Edinburgh, Scotland, under President Cleve- 
land Dr and Mrs. Walling have two sons, Willoughhy 
George and Capt. W' m. E. English. Capt. Wm. E. iCngli.^h re- 


sides at Indianapolis, and is a very wealthy man. Hon. Wva. 
H. English left a large fortune, devising $750,000 to Mrs. Rosa 
Walling, his daughter, and the balance of his property, in 
realty, to his son, William. The latter served as Captain in 
the U. S. Army, in the Spanish-American War. He was on 
the staff of Maj. Gen. Joe Wheeler. At the battle of San 
Juan his horse was shot and fell on his leg, badly injuring 
him. Taken to the field hospital, he contracted fever and 
came near dying. He refused to take pay for his services in 
the army. 

Samuel Scroggin married Betty Collins. He was a Lieu- 
tenant in the Revolution, from Delaware. He came to Ken- 
tucky, as stated, first in 1786, to view the country, and again 
in 1793, and located in Bourbon County. 

Sarah married Samuel Davis, of Fayette County, Ky., and 
lived in or near Lexington. Robert Caldwell Scroggin, born 
1753, married Ann Culver. Robert was an Ensign in the 
Revolution and emigrated to Woodford County in 1790, com- 
ing from Snow Hill, Md., the same locality where his father, 
Joseph Scroggin, Jr., had settled. Mildred Scroggin was 
devotedly attached to an officer who was killed in the Revolu- 
tionary War, and faithful to that attachment, she died un- 
married. Philip Scroggin, also a Captain in the Revolution, 
came to Kentucky in 1793. In the \\'ar of 1S12 he again 
joined the army to fight the old enemy, the British, and was 
killed in battle. Annie Caldwell Scroggin married James 
Davis, a brother of Sarah's husband, and lived in or near 
Lexington, Ky. Thomas Clarke Scroggin, who was a Lieu- 
tenant in the Revolution, married Isabella Buchanan and emi- 
grated to Kentucky. Mathilde Scroggin married a Methodist 
preacher, Rev. Joseph Collins, of Baltimore. The seven 
Scroggin brothers were all over six feet in height and all were 
officers in the Revolution. They seemed to inherit the 
religious tendencies of their mother (Sarah Caldwell), who 
was of a French Huguenot family, grafted onto Scotch-Irish 
Presbyterians. Her descendants generally followed the lat- 
ter faith. 

An interesting incident is related of Capt. John Scroggin, 
while he was on his way to Kentucky in 1793, which showed' 


his courage and kindness of heart. The Indian War was then 
in progress under General Anthony Wayne, and emigrants 
bound down the Ohio River were in constant peril from 
bands of savages who infested the north shore of that stream. 
Frequent attacks w^ere made on the boats of emigrants, and 
many were killed. White men who had been captured in 
childhood by the Indians, and raised up to become veritable 
savages, were employed as decoys. 

While dscending the Ohio, a white man appeared on the 
Ohio shore, and begged piteously to be taken aboard. Al- 
though vigorously opposed by his companions, who suspected 
the purpose of the appeal, Capt. Scroggin insisted on succor- 
ing the man, saying he could not find it in his heart to leave 
a fellow creature in distress. The boat was turned toward 
the shore, and when close to it a band of ambushed Indians 
fired on the party, wounding several, but killing none. The 
boat immediately put off and its occupants escaped further 
miury. Capt. Scroggins' wife, Eunice Jane Polk, urged him 
to secure a large body of land, but he said it was useless, there 
oeing so much land, which he could get at any time. Rol)eit 
Caldwell Scroggin's grand-daughters, Miss Scroggin and Mrs. 
Judge Haviland, reside at Cynthiana, Ky. They are children 
of Robert Culver Scroggin. Robert had a grandson, John 
Henderson Scroggin, son of Joseph Scroggin, whose wife, 
Lucinda Bruce, was a daughter of Capt. Charles Polk's daugh- 
ter, Sallie, who, \\nth her mother and three other children 
were captured by Indians in Aug., 1782, in Nelson County, 
Ky., and taken to Detroit and sold to the British Commandant. 
For' account of this capture, and of the Bruce kinsmen, see 
chapter relating to Capt. Charles Polk, the Indian fighter, who 
came from Pittsburg to Louisville in 1780 and afterward 
moved to Indiana and died near Vincennes, 182:5. 

The muster roll of troops from Kentucky in the War of 
1812, show the following: "Levin Polk Scroggin, First Cor- 
poral in Capt. Maurice Langhorne's Bourbon County Com- 
pany, First Rifle Regiment Kentucky Militia, commanded by 
Lieut. Col. John Allen. Mustered in Aug. 15; mustered out 

Oct. U, 1812." , , , M , r 

Levin Polk Scroggin was the seventh and last child ot 


Eunice Jane Polk and Capt. John Scroggin. On ^lay "-^dtli, 
Rolbert Scroggin again joined the army to hght the British, 
and Indians, with the rank of First Lieutenant of Capt. 
Richard Alatson's Bourbon County Company, Col. Richard M. 
Johnson's Kentucky Mounted Infantry. He was in the bat- 
tle of the Thames (Oct. 5, 1813) won by the army of Ken- 
tuckians under Gen. Wm. Henry Harrison and Governor Isaac 
Shelby. Col. Allen's regiment, the First Regiment Kentucky 
Rifles, of which Levin Polk Scroggin was a member, w^as in 
the battle and massacre at River Raisin (Jan. 22, 1813), where 
Col. Allen, Capt. McCracken and many others were barbarous- 
ly slain after being made prisoners. The late John A. Scroggin, 
of Versailles, Ky., a prominent merchant of that place, was a 
son of Levin Polk Scroggin. 


All the seven Scroggin boys (sons of Joseph Scroggin, 
Jr.) joined the patriot army under Washington and were offi- 
cers in the Revolutionary Army, acquitting themselves with 
distinction. Capt. John Scroggin died at his home in Wood- 
ford County, Kentucky, Dec. 14, 1812. In a letter to the 
author, of date Feb. 25, 1892, J. H. Scroggin, of Bruceville, 
Knox County, Indiana, says : 

"Capt. John Scroggin married one of my grandmothers, 
Eunice Jane Polk, daughter of John, and grand-daughter of 
Ephraim Polk, 1st, third son of Capt. Robert Bruce Polk and 
Magdalen (Tasker) Porter. Eunice was born Oct. 2, 1743, in 
Maryland, and died in Kentucky, May 29, 1809. They had the 
following children: ^Elizaibeth, b. Oct. 10, 17G8; -William, 
b. Jan. 29, 1770; ^Samuel, b. Dec. 30, 1771; ^John, b. May 12. 
1774; ^Sarah Ann Caldwell, b. Oct. 9, 1776; ^Joseph, b. Feb. 
9, 1779 ; ^Levin Polk, b. March 26, 1782. 

"Joseph Scroggin (sixth child of John and Eunice Jane 
(Polk) Scroggin married Xancy Jane Holmes, an elder sister 
of Hetty R. Bruce, my stepmother, in Kentucky. Joseph died 
Nov. 4, 1843. Nancy Jane, his wife, born Aug. 20, 1783, died 
Dec. 8, 1846. They had the following children, born in Ken- 
tucky : ^Eunice Jane, h. July 23, 1807, d. young in Kentucky; 
-7r,hn Henderson (my father), b. Feb. 6, 1809; ''William Wes- 


ton, b. Dec. 7, 1<S10, d. unmarried, Oct. 10, 1842 ; ^Ann Eliza- 
beth, b. Alarch 28, 1813, never married; ^Josiah Love. b. April 
8, 1815, never married; ''Sallie Jane, b. Feb. 16, 1818; married 
and raised one son, all dead ; 'Hetty, b. June 15, 1820, never 
married; **Joseph D., b. Dec. 20, 1825; ^Xancy Ann, b. March 
23, 1828, never married. There is but one left to represent my 
grandfather's family, and that is myself. 

"John Henderson Scroggin, son of Joseph and Xancy 
Ann Scioggin (nee Holmes j, and grandson of John and Eunice 
Jane ( Polk) Scroggin, and great-grandson of Joseph and Sarah 
Ann Scroggin (nee Caldwell), and great-great grandson of 
Capt. Joseph and Fantalina Scroggin, is the record of descent. 
The Princess Fantalina was the eldest daughter of Philip \', 
first Bourbon King of Spain. Philip V was a grandson of 
Louis XIV of France, and married Marie Louise Gabriella of 

"John Henderson Scroggin married Lucinda Bruce, a 
daughter of William and Sally Bruce (nee Polk). My father 
was born Feb. 6, 1809. and my mother one day later, but he 
died many years before she did — he on !\Iarch 3, 1848; she 
on Feb. 21, 18T0. They had issue: ^Joseph H., (myself). 1). 
May 17, 1836; -William Bruce, b. Sept. 3, 1838; d. June 4, 
1857; ^Henry Harrison, b. Sept. 11, 1840; ^George Wilson, b. 
May 5, 1842 ; -^Sallie Jane, b. Jan. 3, 1845. The latter was mar- 
ried Dec. 20, 1869, to James William Clark, of Xebraska, and 
they have four children. 

' "In the A\'ar of the Rebellion, brothers Henry and George 
and myself enlisted in the Union Army. Six months later, 
Henry fell sick and died. I was laid up in hospital for over a 
year and then discharged as an invalid. Brother George 
served on for more than three years, but on the second day of 
the battle of Xashville, between the armies of Hood and 
Thomas, Dec. 16, 1864, and late in the evening, he was shot 
and died in a few days. 

":^Iy own family consists of: Joseph Hamilton, born 
Mav W. 1836. married Xancy Jane Gano, born July 24, 1837. 
Issue : LMattie Bruce, b. Feb. 15, 1868 ; ^Lucinda May, b. Xov. 
28, 1869; ^George Washington, b. Dec. 12, 1871; '^Sally Ann, 
b. Oct. 17, 1873 ; ^Rosa, b. July 10, 1875. 

502 POLK FAMILY A N D K 1 N S .1/ £ N 

"■Xancy Scroggin, eldest child of Joseph and Sarah Ann 
(Caldwell) Scroggin, b. ^lay 13, 1741, married a Mr. Polk, of 
Philadelphia. Her husband and Eunice Jane Polk, who mar- 
ried Capt. John Scroggin, were cousins." 


Joseph Polk, third son of Ephraim Polk 1st, b. 1720, d. in 
Delaware in 1812. He married Sarah Coversdale and they 
had issue: 

(1) Isaac, b. 1751, d. 1821 unmarried. 

(2) John, b. April 1, 1754, d. x\ug. 12, 181-1; married March 
3, 1776 Amelia Hurst. 

(3) Joseph Jr., b. 1758, d. 1823 ; married first Miss Layton ; 
second Miss Neal. 

(4) Jesse, b. 1761, went west and never heard of again. 

(5) Priscilla, b. 1763, said to have gone to South Caro- 
lina. She is believed to have been the second wife of Capt. 
\Vm. Polk, of Accomac County, Va., who, after the Revolu- 
tionary War, settled and died in South Carolina, some of his 
children emigrating to Ohio and Indiana. 

(6) Ann, b. 1765, also said to have gone to South Caro- 


Joseph Polk Jr., (third son of Joseph Polk and Sarah 
Coverdale), b. 1758, d. 1823, was twice married. His first 

wife was Miss Layton, of Sussex, by whom he had one 

child, Layton Polk. His wife dying soon after, Joseph mar- 
ried secondly Miss Neal, of Sussex, by whom he had five or 
six children. The name of but one of these is preserved — 
Alargaret Neal Polk, w^ho married her cousin Geba, next to 
the youngest son of John Polk and Amelia Hurst, and had by 
him six children. 

Jesse Polk (fourth son of Joseph Polk Sr., and Sarah 
Coverdale), born 1761, went west and was never heard from 

The two last children of Joseph Polk Sr. and Sarah Cover- 


dale were Priscilla, b. 1763; and Ann, b. 1765. What became 
of them is not certainly known. Josiah F. Polk, in 1849, in a 
letter to Col. W'm. H. Winder, said: "They are said to have 
gone to South Carolina." 

In this connection it may be stated that a Capt. William 
Polk, who was an active Whig and commanded the local 
militia company, resided in Accomac County, on the Eastern 
Shore of Virginia, for some years before and during the Revo- 
lution. He had a sister named Martha, but who the parents 
of Capt. William and Martha were, the writer has not ascer- 
tained. The second wife of this Capt. Wm. Polk is said to 
have been Priscilla Polk possibly the above mentioned daugh- 
ter of Joseph Polk. 

Geba (ninth child of John Polk and Amelia Hurst), b. 
179-4, d. Sept. 6, 1881, emigrated in 1812 to Logan County, 
Ohio, where his uncle, Joseph Polk and family had settled a 
short time before. In 1818 he was married to his cousin 
Margaret Neal Polk, daughter of Joseph Polk by whom he 
had six children. The record in the family Bible reads: 

Geba Polk, b. Sept. 6, 1851, aged 56 years; Margaret Neal, 
wafe of Geba Polk, d. Aug. 20, 1882, aged 87 years, 3 months 
and 20 days. 

The children of this marriage were : 

(1) Robert Xeal Polk, b. March 5, 1824. 

(2) Sarah Amelia Polk. b. Oct. 15, 1825. 

(3) William Geba Polk, b. , d. at Lexington, Ky., 

in hospital, Dec. 3, 1862, aged 34 years, 11 months and five 

(4) Margaret Miranda Polk, b. 1837, d. Oct. 16, 1868. 

(5) Layton Polk, d. Aug. 28, 1851, aged 20 years, 10 mon- 
ths and 13 days. 

(6) ^lary Elizabeth Polk, b. Aug. 20, 1834, d. Dec. 7, 1861. 
The intermarriages of the above children were: 
Robert Neal Polk to Sarah Jane Harper, Feb. 21, 1852, 

She d. Dec. 17, 1858. Issue, one child Margaret Jane Pnlk. 
b. March 5, 1856. The latter married Irwin Hawkins, and liad 
issue: ^Alexander; ^Ovid ; ^Charles Hawkins. Ovi.l and 
Charles are living at Springfield, Ohio. 


Robert Neal Polk married secondly to Elizabeth Ann 
Wren-Fuson, in July, LSoH. by whom he had: 

(1) Ada Elizabeth Polk, b. Alay 7, 1860. 

(2) Charles William Polk, b. April 7, 1803. 

(3) Mary Amelia Polk, b. Dec. 18, 18G5. 

(4) Elmer Geba Polk, b. Nov. 28, 18(37. 

(5) Eva Christine Polk, b. April 8, 1873. 

(6) Joseph Robert Polk, b. June 23, 1875. 

Ada Elizabeth married S. E. Caldwell, Nov. 29, 1882. 

(1) Edward Raymond Caldwell, b. July 15, 1884, d. Oct. 
16, 1887. 

(2) Estelle Maud Caldwell, b. Dec. 13, 1885. 

(3) Ada Mae Caldwell, b. Nov. 8, 1888. 

(4) Oro Evelyn Caldwell, b. April 4, 1892. 

(5) Eva Lillian Caldwell, b. Jan. 15, 1895. 

(6) Marion Christine Caldwell, b. Feb. 21, 1903, d. Aug. 
26, 1903. 

Charles William Polk (son of Robert Neal Polk), mar- 
ried Aug. 6, 1885, Maria Pope. Issue: 

(1) Franklin Robert Polk, b. Aug. 20, 1886. 

(2) Helen Elizabeth Polk, b. Sept. 21, 1889. 

(3) Florence Polk, b. March 25, 1892. 

(•4) Charles Kenneth Polk, b. Nov. 18, 1896, d. Nov. 22, 

The above family reside at Zanesfield, Ohio. 

Mary Elizabeth Polk( daughter of Robert Neal Polk), 
married John M. Barger, Aug. 25, 1907. 

Eva Christine Polk (daughter of Robert Neal Polk), mar- 
ried Charles Otho Frields, Dec. 24, 1896. He d. Jan. 8, 1899 ; 
no issue. 

Joseph Robert Polk (son of Robert Neal Polk), married 
Marion J. Porter, Feb. 18, 1903. Issue: 

(1) Pauline Frields Polk, b. April 18, 1905. 

(2) Wesley Porter Polk, b. Aug. 14, 1907. 

Sarah Amelia Polk (second child of Geba Polk and :\Iar- 
garet Neal Polk), married Aaron Allebaugh. March 1, 1855; no 
issue. They reside at Ouincy, Ohio. 

William Geba Polk (second son of Geba and Margaret 


Xeal i'olkj, 45th Ohio Infantry, who died in hospital at Lex- 
ington, Ky., Dec. 3, 1862, the second year of the Civil War, 
was not married. His remains rest in the Federal burying 
ground, wdthin the Lexington Cemetery, in which are interred 
nearly one thousand men who fell in battle or died of disease 
m ^hospitals. A tombstone marks his grave. 

^largaret Miranda Polk (fourth child of Geba and Alar- 
garet Neal Polk), married Benjamin Cretcher, Aug. 1-i, 1855, 
and d. (3ct. 16, 1868. They had issue : 

(1) Robert Cretcher, b. May 29, 1857, married April 18, 
188U to Hettie May Melhorn. 

(2) Nannie Cretcher, b. Oct. 19, 1859. married Frank 
McCormick, June 24, 1879. Issue: ^Ora ^vlaria, b. June 10, 
1883, married Logan W. Hale. July 27, 1904; -Warren, b. Aug. 
14, 1905. 

(3) Ben \\\ Cretcher, born April 13, 1864, married Elsie 
Hamilton, June 10, 1895. 

Layton Polk (fifth child of Geba and ^^largaret Xeal 
Polk), d. Aug. 1851, aged 21 years, and unmarried. 

]\Iary Elizabeth Polk (sixth child of Geba and Margaret 
Neal Polk), married John C. Cretcher, Sept. 27, 1857, and had 
issue : 

(1) Lutrecia Cretcher, b. July 3. 1858, d. March 4, 1880, 
married June 10, 1879 George R. Null. 

(2) William Harrison Cretcher, b. March 20, 1860. d. in 

(3) Margaret Elizabeth Cretcher, b. Nov. 14, 1861 ; d. 
:\Iarch 1884; married William Bronson, April 1880. 

Robert Neal Polk and his daughter Mrs. Emma C. Fields, 
reside at Fall River, :\Iass. Elmer G. and Joseph Polk, and 
:\Irs. Ada Caldwell, at Alliance, Ohio; ^Irs. Mary A. Barger at 
L^rbana. Ohio. 


Robert Polk (tenth child of John Polk and Amelia (Plurst) 
Polk), b. June 25, 1797, d. , 1854. He married in 1827, Mar- 
garet Reybold, the accomplished daughter of Major Philip 
Reybold, of Delaware. Their children were: 

506 P O LK F A M I L y AND KINS M E N 

(1) William Reybold Polk, b. , married May 30, 

1855, Kate Rothwell, Summit Bridge, Del. 

(2) Anna Eliza Polk, b. , d. in infancy. 

(3) Anna Louisa Polk, b. , d. Feb. 2, 1886. 

(4) Margaret Polk, b. , d. 1837, unmarried. 

(5) Robert Polk, b. , d. 1896, unmarried, at Rich- 
mond, Va. 

(6) Albert H. Polk, b. , d. young. 

(7) Matilda Reybold Polk, b. , d. young, in 1813. 

(8) Henry C. Polk, b. , d. , unmarried. 

(9) John Philip Reybold Polk, b. Oct. 18, 1845, d. , 

1901, at Charlotte, N. C, unmarried. 

(10) Elizabeth Polk, b. , d. at 16 years of age, un- 

Of these ten children Robert Polk and Margaret Reybold, 
only five attained to maturity, and only one, William R.. mar- 
ried and reared a family. 

John Philip Reybold Polk, the writer is greatly indebted 
for data of the Polk family. An elegant, accomplished and 
courteous gentleman, distinguished in appearance and univer- 
sally esteemed, he had few equals. He took great pride and 
interest in the family history, unlike some with whom the 
writer has had to deal with during the preparation of this 

John P. R. Polk was assiduous in the collection of data, 
and prompt in reporting it. During the correspondence be- 
tween himself and the writer, he fell ill of grippe, at Char- 
lotte, N. C, in 1901, and suffering a relapse after getting up 
and believing himself recovered, he fell ill again and died 
quite suddenly. Receiving no answer to a letter sent him, 
the writer inquired of his brother Wm. R. Polk, of Birming- 
ham, Ala., concrning him and received in reply the news that 
he was dead. 

"When the Civil ^^^ar was declared, the Federal gunboats 
burned four of Mr. Polk's vessels. He was a Southern sym- 
pathizer, and ofifered for active service, Init on examination, 
was pronounced physically incapacitated for bearing arms, 
lie became a blockade runner, a position for which only a few 
intrepid spirits were fitted, but he combined those elements. 



Wilmington, Del. 





a brave heart and a cool head. In six weeks he had forty-six 
thousand dollars in gold, or its equivalent, and had made for 
himself a great reputation as a blockade runner. There was a 
thousand dollars offered for his capture and the gunboats 
were keeping a close watch. His adventures and hairbreadth 
escapes would fill a volume. 


'"The children of the marriage of William Reybold Polk 
and Kate Rothwell Polk were five : 

(1) Robert Edgar Polk, d. young. 

(2) Annie Amelia Polk, d. aged 11 years. 

(3) William Rothwell Polk, b. 1863. 

(4) Robert Henry Polk, b. 1865. 

(5) Catherine Gertrude Polk, b. 1869. d. 1893, unmarried. 
"AMlliam Rothwell Polk (third child of William Reybold 

Polk and Kate (Rothwell) Polk), b. 1862, married 1898, 
Katerina Stella Henry, of Delaware. He owns and operates 
a manufactory of electrical motors and dynamos, etc., and re- 
sides in Atlanta. 

"Robert Henry Polk (fourth child of William Reybuld 
Polk and Kate (Rotliwell) Polk), is General Superintendent 
of the Bell Telephone Exchange at Savannah, Ga. He is a 
brilliant young man with a bright future before him. He mar- 
ried December 25, 1893, Agnes Ayars, nee Hoeyt." 



As before stated, Ephraim Polk, 'id, was l^orn about 1TU9. 
His marriage to Mary Coverdale, (a sister of Sarah Covers- 
dale, wife of his brother Joseph Polk), evidently took place 
about 1740, as his eldest child was ])orn in 1742. His children 
were : 

(1) Emanuel, b. about 1742, d. Sept. 1, 1797; will dated 
Sept. 6, 1793, probated Nov. 16, 1797. d. unmarried. 

(2) Joseph, b. about 1744. d. . 

(3) Jehosephat. b. about 1746, d. . 

(4) Joab, b. about 1748. d. . 

(5) Mary (Polly), 1). about 17.50, d. . unmarried. 

(6) Esther, h. aljout 1752, d. , married Mr. Owens. 

(7) Elizabeth, b. about 1754, d. , unmarried. 

(8) Nancy, b. about 1756, d. , unmarried. 

(9) Ephraim, 3d, b. Nov. 24, 1758, d. March 24, 1814 m 
Scott County, Kentucky. 

In a letter to the author, of date February 7, 1873, from 
Mrs. Sarah (Polk) Adkins, a daughter of Ephraim 3d, she 
says : "Only three of grandfather Ephraim Polk's children 
were married, I have been told, the rest dying single. Those 
who married were my father, Ephraim 3d, his brother Joseph, 
and his sister Esther Owens." 


In the name of God, Amen, I, Ephraim Polk, of the Coun- 
ty of Sussex in Delaware, being at this time in good health, 
as also of sound and perfect mind and memory praised be God, 
do make this my last will and testament as followeth : 

Imprimis — I give and bequeath to my son Emanuel Polk, 
two hundred acres of land, being part of ye tract whereon 
stands my dwelling House, and Manner plantation, beginning 


at ye run of ye Branch on the North side of ve afores'd planta- 
tion, including the dwelling House, and two thirds of ye Or- 
chard, so continuing to run Southerly so as to lay off ye afor- 
s'd two Hundred acres on the East and South-East part of ye 
tract to him, and the Heirs lawfully begotten of his body for- 
ever ; or for want of such issue, my further Will is at ye ue- 
cease of my Emanuel, ye land and premises shall fall to and 
be the right of my son Ephraim Polk and his heirs lawfully 
begotten of his body forever ; or should my son Ephraim de- 
cease without issue, the land and premises shall fall to my son 
Joab Polk, and the heirs lawfully begotten of his body for- 
ever. The whole of the above Claus so conditioned that my 
daughter Esther Owens is to have ye house she now lives in, 
with fi\e acres of land round it, also timber to support it and 
firewood sufficient for one fire, during ye absence of her hus- 
band, or should she be now a Widow, during widowhood. 

Item — I give and bequeath to my son Ephriam Polk the 
remaining part of my tract of land afores'd left my son Eman- 
uel Polk, with all the appertainances thereunto belonging to 
him and the Heirs lawfully begotten of his body forever. I 
also give to my son Ephraim one hundred acres of a tract 
of land called Coverdale's Xew^ Design adjoining the land 
afores'd. being ye South West part of s'd tract called Cover- 
dale's New Design, to him and the heirs lawfully begotten of 
his body forever, or for want of such heir my further will is 
the one hundred acres of land afores'd, as well as the land 
and premises in the same track with my Emanuel shall fall 
to and be the right of my son Emanuel Polk, and the heirs 
lawfully begotten of his body forever, or should Emanuel 
decease without issue lawfully begotten of his body, my will 
is the land and premises afores'd shall fall to and l)e ye right 
and property of my son Joab Polk, and the heirs lawfully 
begotten of his body forever. Conditioned is ye above Claus 
that my daughter Elizabeth Polk shall have a lot in afores'd 
premises in the Southw^est corner of my dwelling plantation 
of five acres, with the privilege of Timber to build a House, 
as also to support it and sufficiency of firewfKxl for one lire. 

Item — I give and bequeath to my son Joseph I 'oik the 
use of the plantation he now lives on and is posest and lialh 


hitherto occnpy'd. with the hmd cdready laid off to him, by 
a marked line, being one hundred acres of the west part of 
the Tract of land called New Design during his natural life 
and should his wife be the longest li\-ed, I leave the premises 
afores'd to her during her widowhood, and at the decease of 
my son Joseph or should his wife be the longest lived, at her 
decease or marriage, my further will is the afores'd land and 
premises left to my son Joseph his lifetime, should descend 
to and be the right of my Grand Son William I'olk, son of 
Joseph Polk and the heirs lawfully begotten of his body for- 
ever, etc., the aforesaid Clause is so conditioned that my 
daughter Elizabeth Polk is to have a lot of five acres within 
ye afores'd Hundred acres left to my son Joseph his lifetime 
which five acres is to be laid off on the southwest part of said 
land adjoining ye fence of the afores'd Joseph, also Capt. 
Nathaniel Hayes fence. She is also to have the privilege of 
timber tu build a House, as also to support the place, fire- 
wood for one fire, etc., during the time she continues single 
or unmarried. 

Item — I give and bequeath to my son Joab Polk the re- 
maining part of my Tract of land called Coverdale's New 
Design being nearly one hundred acres 1)e the same more or 
less lying between the land already bequeathed to my son 
Ephraim and that left Joseph his lifetime, to him and the 
lawful heirs of his body forever, or should he leave no such 
issue living my will further is ye afores'd premises should 
descend and go to my son Ephraim and the Heirs lawfully 
begotten of his body forever. 

Item — I give and bequeath to my daughters, Elizabeth 
and Mary one hundred and thirty-five acres of land and Marsh, 
lying on the West side of Cedar Creek, adjoining Lands of 
Edward Stapleford, Simon Lewis and the heirs of Ephraim 
Holeager. S'd survey begins opposite to the mouth of a Gut 
makes out of ye afores'd Creek and on ye east side near a 
Landing formerly called John Richards Landing, ye aforesaid 
Tract to be equally divided between my two daughters Eliza- 
beth and Mary, afs'd and their Heirs forever. 

Item — I give and bequeath to my son Emanuel Polk, 


one Negro Man named Peter, as also one Sorrel 2\lare to him 
and his Heirs forever. 

Item — I give and bequeath to my son Ephraim his rid- 
ing Mare as also her two year old Colt, being both commonly 
called his, to him and his Heirs forever. 

Item — I give and bequeath to my four children now liv- 
ing with me viz : Emanuel, Joab, Ephraim and Elizabeth, 
my six Negroes not yet mentioned, viz: Cloe, Dinah, Cate, 
Sal, Leah and Caesar, with the whole and every part of my 
estate not before willed to be equally divided amongst them, 
to them and their Heirs forever. 

Item — My further Will is my daughter Elizabeth shall 
have free privilege of eating and keeping apples out of either 
or every of my three Orchards left Emanuel. Joab and Ephraim 
tree and without control during the time she is single or un- 
married, etc. 

Item — My further Will is one quarter of an Acre together 
with the prize Tree where I ha\'e made my Sider the Ground 
afores'd to lay in a Circle round the Tree, shell be free to my 
Sons Emanuel and Ephraim to make their Sider, forever, etc. 

And I do hereby Constitute and appoint my sons Emanuel 
and Ephraim to be the sole Exrs. of this my last Will and 
Testament, revoking and disallowing all other Wills hereto- 
fore made by me. In Testimony whereof I have hereunto 
set my hand and Seal this 5th day of January. 1T89. 
Sign'd Seal'd and Delivered. Ephraim Polk. (Seal.) 
in presence of us John Polk Sen'r. 
Robert Shankland, Edward Polk. 
Charles Polk. 
Sussex County, L. S. 

:\Iemorandum. the ^^d day of March. 1701, before me. 
Phillips Kollock. Register appointed for the probate of Wills 
and erantinsf Letters of Administration for the County of 
Sussex, appeared Robert Shankland and Charles Polk, two 
of the Witnesses to the within Will, who bein duly swin-n on 
the Holy Evangels of Almighty God, did severally depose and 
say that in their sight, presence and hearing the Testator 
Ephraim Polk did sign. seal, publish and declare the same to 
be his Last ^^'ill and Testament, and that at the doing thereof 


he was of a sound and perfect mind, memory and judgment, 
and that they and each of them together with John Polk 
Senior and Edward Polk subscribed the same as Witnesses 
in presence of the Testator and at his request. 


By the foregoing it will be observed that Ephraim Polk 
2d, who was born about 1709, executed his will on January 5, 
1789, and died at about the age of 82 years, a short time before 
March 22, 1791, on wdiich date the document was presented 
to the Register of Wills for Sussex County for probate. z\s 
he makes no mention of his wife, whose maiden name was 
Mary Coverdale, it is fairly inferable that she was then dead. 
Had she been alive, he would have made some provision for 

The children still under his roof at the time he executed 
his w'\\\, and whom he names, were Emanuel. Joal), Elizabeth 
and Ephraim. The rest of his children five in number, Joseph, 
Jehosephat, Mary, Esther and Xancy, had evidently left the 
parental lionie, Joseph and Esther marrying and establishing 
homes of their own. lie does not mention Xancy, who prob- 
ably died single and before his w^ill was executed. He refers 
to Jehosephat and Joab in a way which suggests that they 
also were married. He had already settled Joseph on a plan- 
tation of one hundred acres, part of the Coverdale tract called 
"Xew Design." 

Esther, whose husband (Mr. Owens) appears to have 
been long absent and his wherabouts not known, is referred 
to as living in a house by herself, wliich residence, with five 
acres of land attached, he confirms to her. Elizabeth, evident- 
ly then single, is also given a five acre tract, with timber for 
a house and its maintenance. Esther Owens at that time had 
two children, Phillis and Esther Jr., but Ephraim does not 
mention them. Their names we secure from the will of Eman- 
uel Polk, who died unmarried nearly five years later. Per- 
haps they had not been born at the date of Ephraim's will and 
therefore could not be mentioned by him. 

In Ephraim's will he mentions l)ut one child of Joseph 
whose name was William, and to him he makes a conditional 


bequest. In Emanuel Polk's will, executed September (>, 171)o, 
probated November 16, 1797, he mentions Joseph's children 
as \\'illiam, Sallie, Elizabeth. Augusta and !Molly AI. Emanuel 
dying without issue, under Ephraim's will his (Emanuel's) 
lands fell to Joseph. Probably with a view of breaking or 
nullifying the entail by Ephraim of the two hundred acres 
lying on Bowman's Branch, or for some other reason not now 
known, before Emanuel's death he sold this two hundred 
acres on Bowman's Branch to his nephew Augusta Polk, one 
of the sons of Joseph. This name is written Augusta in the 
will ; but as Augusta is the feminine of Augustus, it is evident 
that it should ha^'e been spelled the latter way. 

Augustus Polk dying intestate and without issue, some 
time after Emanuel's death, his sisters, Sallie Polk, Elizabeth 
Polk and Molly AI. Polk on October 22d, 1801, for a valuable 
consideration sold their respective interests in this tract to 
their brother William Polk. 



Ephraim Polk 3d (youngest of the eight children of Eph- 
raim Polk 2d and Mary Ooverdale), was b. in North West 
Fork Hundred, Sussex County, Delaware, November 24, 1758. 
Just as Ephraim attained to manhood the troubles be- 
tween the American Colonies and the mother country had 
culminated in armed conflict. 1 British fleets ravaged the 
coasts of Delaware, bombarding towns, while British soldiers 
and their Tory allies in Sussex and other counties harried 
the patriot inhabitants. The hastily embodied American sol- 
diers consisted of militia regiments, later put on Colonial es- 
tablishment, with little drill, discipline or equipment. 

The close of the first year of the Revolution (1776) found 
the American cause shrouded in gloom. The army of Wash- 
mgton had been defeated in a number of battles. Menaced 
by the proximity of the enemy, on December 12th, the Con- 
tinental Congress quitted Philadelphia and retired to Bal- 
timore. Notwithstanding reverses sustained, the firmness of 
the patriots was unshaken and the Colonies exerted them- 
selves to sustain W^ashington with added troops. Foremost 
in this work was the little Colony of Delaware. Many of her 
sons also went to other colonies and entered the service. 
Among this class were Joab Polk and his youngest brother, 
Ephraim Polk 3d, the latter then just past the age of eighteen. 
Joab was ten years the senior of Ephraim, and with his elder 
brothers, Emanuel, Joseph and Jehosephat, had been serving 
the patriot cause as members of the Sussex ^lilitia, and were 
chiefly employed in the repression of Toryism. 

An opportunity was soon presented the following year 
(1777) for Joab and Ephraim to gratify their desire for a larger 
field of action. Washington, then at Philadelphia, being in 
need of horses, some of these animals was dispatched by Eph- 
raim Polk 2d to that place, in charge of his sons Joab and 



Ephraim. On arrival at the Quaker City, the animals were 
duly delivered to the proper officials. Joab then crossed the 
river into New Jersey and enlisted in the service, apparently 
for a short term each time. The Colonial Records of Xew 
Jersey show that he first joined the company of "Captain 
Joseph Pancoast, First Regiment, of Burlington." He next 
appears as a "Corporal in the First Battalion, Second Estab- 
lishment, also Militia." Finally he is registered: "Joab Polk, 
Captain Bateman Lloyd's Company, Second Regiment Con- 
tinental Troops." 

According to the statement of Dr. Jefiferson J. Polk, of 
Perryville, Ky., a son of Ephraim Polk 3d, the latter and his 
brothers all served throughout the war, returning home only 
at the conclusion of peace. This fact. Dr. Polk stated, he 
heard from the lips of his father, when, with his family seated 
around he would recount instances of the long struggle for 
American freedom. 

Soon after Joab and Ephraim reached Philadelphia, the 
British army under Lord Howe defeated Washington (Sept. 
nth) at Brandywine. The following day Washington's army 
fell back to Philadelphia, retreating further to Reading. On 
Sept. 26th Howe occupied Philadelphia, the Continental Con- 
gress having migrated to Lancaster. Howe stationed the 
main division of his army outside of the city, at the village 
of Germantown, while Washington was twenty miles away 
awaiting developments. Finally he decided to attack the 
British division at Germantowni, which he did on October 4, 
the contest lasting nearly three hours, the Americans losing 
about 1,000 men in killed and wounded. Among the troops 
engaged in this battle was Nash's Brigade, from North Car- 
olina, in which w^as Lieutenant Colonel William Polk, a de- 
scendant of William Polk 2d, son of Robert and Magdalen 
Polk. Also his father. Col. Thomas Polk, of '"Mecklenburg 
Declaration" fame, who commanded a squadron of two hun- 
dred cavalry and escorted the American baggage train of 
seven hundred wagons out of the city to P)ethlehem for safety. 
Among the articles carried away were the bells of the city 
churches and public buildings, including the State House bell, 
now known as the "Libertv Bell." Lord Howe threatening 

518 POL K F A M I L y A N D KINS M E N 

the city, all citizens capable of bearing arms were embodied 
into a regiment commanded by Colonel William Will, known 
as the Fonrth Class Philadelphia ]\Iilitia. With this raw or- 
ganization CcjI. W ill joined \\ ashington's army. In this regi- 
ment, beside Ephraim Polk od, was Capt. Charles Wilson 
Peale, one of the most noted artists of his day, founder of 
Peale's Aluseum of that city, and whose sister, Elizabeth Uigby 
Peale, married Capt. Robert Polk, of Maryland, Commander 
of the privateers "Black Jake" and '"Montgomery." fitted out 
at Annapolis, and who was killed on board his vessel by a 
British cannon shot. Capt. Polk was a descendant of Robert 
Polk, fifth son of Robert Bruce Polk and Magdalen Porter 
Ephraim Polk ;3d enlisted vSept. K), 1T7T, in Capt. Joseph 
Rhodes' Company, Col. Will's Regiment, receiving his "luip- 
tism of fire" at Germantown on October 4th following. As 
a matter of interest to his descendants and kinsmen, the fol- 
lowing partial muster roll is copied from "Pennsylvania Ar- 
chives, Second Series, A'ol. i;3, p. GTo : 


Captain Joseph Rhoads, commissioned Sept. 10, 1777. 
First Lieutenant Adam Bohl, commissioned Sept. 10, 

i I t . 

Second Lieutenant, Conrad Rubert, commissioned Sept. 
10, 1777. 

Sergeant, William Henry, appointed, commissioned Sept. 
10, 1777. 

Corporal, Henry Kains, appointed, commissioned Sept. 
10, 1777. 


Paradon Peterson, enlisted Sept. 10, 1777. 

Ephraim Polk, enlisted Sept. 10, 1777. 

Anthony Hanna, enlisted Sept. 10, 1777. 

Thomas Robinson, enlisted Sept. 10, 1777. 

William McElroy, enlisted Sept. 10, 1777. 

Then follows a list of 32 other privates whose names we 
omit. Ephraim Polk, it will be seen, was the second man on 
the list of privates of his company. 


As the Third Pennsylvania Regiment of Foot. Col. Will's 
regiment passed into the Continental Line and served through- 
out the war. The powder-horn which Ephraim put on when 
he enlisted at Philadelphia in September, ITT?, was presented 
to the writer by his aunt, Airs. Polly Wolfe of Indiana, in 
1873, and by him in 1913 to Harry H. Polk, of Des Moines, 


The battle of Germantown was practically a "drawn 
fight."' While the British held the field, it was at the expense 
of a heavy loss of officers and men. The Americans fell back 
leisurely to their camps on Skippack Creek, retiring later to 
W^hite Marsh. Here began the sufferings of the patriot army 
tor food and clothing. Early in December the British essayed 
an attack on the American army, but they changed their pur- 
pose and retreated. After another council of war. it was 
decided to remove the American army to a greater distance 
from the enemy. Three days later it crossed the Schuylkill — 
many of the soldiers marching through the deep snow with 
bare feet — and on December 19th commenced building winter 
quarters at A'allev Forge. There they erected log huts and 
spent that long, bitter winter freezing, starving and suft'ering 
as no troops on earth ever before had suffered. 

Congress being unable to alleviate the desperate situation 
of the suft'ering troops at \^alley Forge. Washington turned 
to one man who indeed proved a succoring angel to his country 
in her hour of greatest need. That man was Robert Morris, 
the merchant prince of Philadelphia, a large ship owner, who 
also maintained a fleet of privateers. Robert IMorris was at 
that time the wealthiest man in America, his fortune being 
estimated at eight millions. He had already advanced large 
sums to the Congress for war expenses, but, when appealed 
to bv ^^'ashington, he raised by great effort the funds re- 
quested. This great benefactor of his country, but fiir wliose 
monetary aid at critical junctures the American cause would 
doubtless have been a failure, was a kinsman to Rhoda Morris, 
the wife of Ephraim Polk 3d, and of the Aforris family of 
Kent and Sussex Counties, Delaware. 



At the close of the Revolution Joab and Ephraim Polk 
returned to their home in Sussex. After their return Ijoth 
of them remained for a time under the parental roof, 
assisting their father in his affairs until his death in March, 
1791. This e\ent necessitated a separation of the family. The 
old homestead was sold and the proceeds distributed in accord- 
ance with the will of Ephraim 2d. The eyes of the younger 
Ephraim, some years before his father's death, had been turn- 
ed toward the region which lay beyond the Alleghanies, and 
stretched westward beyond the Mississippi. Determined to 
first explore it, he set out for Kentucky in the spring of 1785, 
accompanied, it is said, by some of the Scroggins, and Nutters, 
kinsmen, and others. Arriving at Limestone (now IMaysville) 
they fell into the "Great Buffalo Road," which crossed the 
Ohio at that poin: and led South into the rich grazing lands 
of Central Kentucky. Following this general route into Ken- 
tucky, they arrived at Bryan's Station, the scene of a siege 
by Canadian troops and Indians, in August, 1782. They also 
visited Lexington and adjacent stations, and explored on the 
waters of North Elkhorn and the upper branches of Eagle 
Creek. Ephraim chose a location on Lain's Run, a branch of 
the North Elkhorn, in what is now Scott County, a few miles 
north of Georgetown. The others also satisfied themselves 
as to locations and the party returned to Delaware. 

Events at home, however, delayed Ephraim in his purpose 
of emigration from Sussex. After his return from Kentucky. 
Ephraim cast his glances about for a partner in his joys and 
sorows of the future. His gaze finally rested on a fair cousin, 
Rhoda Ann Alorris, daughter of Daniel Morris, Jr., and Ann 
Polk his wife, of Sussex. Daniel's father was also named 
Daniel — (Daniel Alorris, Sr.), who had a biblically named 
progeny, viz: Hezekiah, Daniel Jr., Nathaniel. John Masten, 
Martin, Deborah, Comfort and Mary Morris. Ephraim Polk 
3d and Rhoda Morris were married on March 8, 1792. 

A year before this event Ephraim's father had died, and 
the estate had to be settled by himself and his brother Eman- 
uel, executors named under the will. This work was not final- 


ly disposed of until the summer of 1793 had passed. Ephraim 
now l^egan his preparations for emigration to Kentucky, lie- 
fore this, on February 16, of that year, Asenath, their lirst 
child, was born. The company of emigrants, In additiiin to 
Ephraim and his family, consisted of a numl)er of kinsmen, 
persons related by blood or marriage. Among these were : 
Captain John Scroggin, a brave soldier of the Revolution, \\\\o 
had married Eunice Jane Polk ; David and Thomas Xutter ; 
one of the Coverdales ; several of the ^Morris family, kinsmen 
of Rhoda, and others. 

In the fall of 1793, Ephraim Polk and wife, and the other 
members of their company, took up their line of march for 
Kentucky. Good wagons, with strong teams, carried such 
household effects as were considered indispensable. Other 
horses were ridden by members of the party and they l)id fare- 
well to the old homes in Sussex and started toward the \\'est. 
A\'ith Ephraim went the negroes received from his father's 
estate, and Capt. Scroggin and others also took slaves with 
them. Several kinds of stock, fruit and garden seeds, were 
also taken along, the people and animals all forming quite a 
little caravan. Ephraim Polk, Capt. Scroggin and others of 
the party being veterans of the Revolution, were not discon- 
certed by rumors of danger from Indians on the Ohio. They 
were all well armed and prepared for any emergency. 

Traveling by steady stages the immigrants passed through 
the northern part of Maryland and thence into Pennsylvania. 
Falling into "Braddock's Road," they pursued it westward 
past Chambersburg and Bedford, across the Alleghanies, and 
on to Redstone Old Fort, (now Brownsville) on the Mononga- 
hela. At this point, where a large boat-yard was turning out 
covered flat-boats known as "Kentucky Broadhorns," for sale 
to those bound down the Ohio, the party purchased a commod- 
ious craft, put aboard their animals, farm implements, wagon>, 
household effects and slaves, and started l^y water to accom- 
plish most of the distance yet to be travelled. Accompanying 
them, also, was a squad of friendly Delaware Indian> wh(. 
joined them at Redstone. Reaching the Ohio, and entering 
that stream, in due time they arrived at Limestone, escaping 
murder at the hands of the alert savages. 

522 POL K F .^ M 1 L y A X D K 1 X S M L .V 

It is said that while descending" the CJhio they came near 
being entrapped and slain. At a point on the river a white 
man appeared on the north bank of the stream and called to 
them, claimed to iiave escaped from the Indians, and begged 
pietously to be taken on board. Captain Scroggin, not wish- 
mg- to leave a fellow man in distress, urged that they take 
the supplicant aljuard. Some of the others, suspecting a ruse, 
opposed the sugge;tion. I'.ut at last the boat was turned to- 
w'ard the shore and when near it a band of ambushed savages 
arose and tired a volley into the boat, slightly wounding one or 
two, but killing no one. The boat was urged out into the 
stream again and jMirsued the balance of the journey to Lime- 
stone unmolested. 

At the latter place the party disembarked, sold their boat, 
and loading their plunder again into the wagons, and on pack- 
horses, they followed the "Great Ikiffalo Road" to the w^aters 
of Lain's Run. Here at the head of this small tributary of 
North Elkhorn. K])hraim I*olk "drove his stake." And while 
the negro men felled trees for the cabin, and it was in course 
of erection, the -quad of Delaware Indians who came with 
them and had camped nearby, hunted game and maintained 
the most friendly relations. By this time they had become 
quite attached to the party, and adopting the name of "Polk" 
they returned to the Ohio by the way of Kentucky River and 
pursued their course down that stream and on beyond the 

After Ephraim had completed a substantial log house, all 
hands set to work vigorously to clear a cornfield, burn the 
brush and prepare for planting a crop the ensuing spring. 
And while Ephraim was busy in these matters, the other 
meml^ers of the emigrant party had dispersed to different lo- 
calities and were similarly employed. 


Kentucky at that time had quite a numerous population 
and Indian invasions or attacks were no longer feared. But, 
notwithstanding this fact, wdiile Wayne's Indian War was in 
progress, small ])arties occasionally crossed the Ohio and 



. C5 



o u 

? I 
a I 




Stealthily approached the frontiers of the central part of the 
State, travelling by night, and here and there stealing horses 
and murdering people in exposed situations. Such a party 
ascended the Licking and attacked a family just over the ridge, 
at no great distance from Ephraim Polk's home, killing all the 
family but two women whom they took captive. Ephraim had 
been out hunting, and nearing home at the close of the day, 
noticed feathers scattered along the trail. On seeing the 
feathers along the trail Ephraim suspected an Indian foray 
and shortly after news of the massacre was received. He 
Cjuickly joined a well armed party of men and pursued the 
savages, but they escaped down the Licking with their pri- 
soners, and the pursuers returned. That was about the 
last Indian raid into Kentucky. W^ayne's victory over the 
allied British and Indians at Fallen Timbers, in August 1T94:, 
ended the Indian \\'ar in the country lying between the Alle- 
ghanies and the Mississippi, and the settlers of Kentucky were 
no longer harassed by a stealthily, savage foe. 

In their new home Ephraim Polk and his wife industriuu-- 
ly exerted themselves to render their situation as comfortable 
as possible, and in a few years had their plantation well cleared 
and fenced. They planted the seeds of fruits, which they 
had brought from Delaware, and in the course of time their 
apple orchard became famous as the finest in Kentucky. 

Dr. Jefferson J. Polk, of Perryville, Ky., fifth child of 
Ephraim, 3rd, and Rhoda (Morris) Polk, a man of keen intel- 
lect and fine intelligence, published his autobiography in 186T, 
a few years before his death. 

Speaking of Ephraim Polk, 1st, Dr. Polk says: "Shortly 
after his arrival in America he dropped the l-o from his name, 
(Pollock) and from that time his proper cognomen became 
Polk. This change may have been accidental, but is was most 
probably designed. In his new home his family increased in 
number, and enjoyed all the sweets of domestic happiness. At 
his death his youngest son, who was also named Ephraim. 
became possessor of the old manor house. lie married and 
became the father of four sons and two daughters." In this 
Dr. Polk was slightly in error, as his grandfather, Ephraim 
Polk 2d. had eight childen. five sons and three daughters, liut 


he was writing fr(im memory of what he had heard in cliihl- 

"Like his father," says Dr. Polk, "he was for the times, a 
rich man. His youngest son he likewise named Ephraim. 
He had scarcely seen all the members of his family reach the 
years of maturity before the struggle l)etween the colonies 
and the mother country began. At the first sound of war, 
father and sons flew to arms in defense of their homes. 
Through the whole contest they bore unflinchingly their full 
share of dangers and privations. 

"\'ictory had hardly crowned our arms and peace been 
declared, when the family was scattered, each member of it 
seeking a new home. A number of them came to the West, 
to peril their lives again in a war with the red men of the 
forest. Aly father Ephraim Jr., was among the emigrants. 
After a tedious and dangerous journey, three families arrived 
at what was then called Limestone (now ]\Iaysvillej in the 
then Territory of Kentucky. Following the most direct trail 
of emigration, the path made by the wild buiTalo as he moved 
from the Ohio to the saline regions of the interior, they found 
their way to Bryan's Station, near Lexington. Here separated 
those who had traveled together eight hundred miles on a flat- 
boat, and many miles through unbroken forests. 

"My father moved northeast and located on Lain's Run, 
in Scott County, five miles north of where Georgetown now 
stands. The family at that time consisted of father, mother, 
and one daughter. Hostile Indians were frequently seen in 
the neighborhood, and about the time of his settlement they 
murdered two members of a family a mile from his house, 
and carried the remaining two into captivity. One of these, 
a woman, having made her escape some time afterward, re- 
turned to the neighborhood : the fate of the other was never 
known. As soon as it was known that the murders had been 
committed, pursuit was made, but without overtaking the sav- 
ages. Their danger from that source was now at an end, but 
new hardships from another quarter. The dense forests were 
to be cleared, and the virgin soil prepared, before proper sus- 
tenance could 1)6 obtained for the family. 

"Soon the parents were blessed with another daughter, 



then a third, and afterwards a son. \\'hen two rears had 
elapsed, a deep gloom was thrown around them by the acci- 
dental drowning of this son, (Ephraim) in a spring near the 
house. Another son was given them in the place of the one 
that was taken, Jefferson J. Polk, b. ]\larch lu, 1802." 

In the second chapter of his autobiography Dr. Polk 
says : "J\Iy first recollections of parental government and 
teachings commenced at six years of age. My father, still 
bearing implacable hatred to kings and kingly power, took 
great pains to instill the same spirit into the minds of his 
sons. His leisure hours and the long winter evenings were 
employed in rehearsing the conflicts between the Whigs and 
the Tories, and in giving an account of the hard fought battles 
in which he and his brothers had participated during the 
Revolutionary AA'ar. He was very particular to make his sons 
pledge fidelity to the government constitution, and laws of the 
United States, and especially to Mr. Jefferson's administra- 
tion. Taught by such a father, and imbibing such ])rinciples, 
it might reasonably be expected that my infant mind would 
be completely Americanized. Love of country, hatred of George 
in, of British red-cuats, and of American aborigines, were 
the first emotions of my young and patriotic heart. 

"Only a few years passed before I witnessed in per.-on 
the drilling of soldiers for another sanguinary conflict witli 
the British and Indians. I was then ten years old. The 
crowning victory was the battle of Xew Orleans; and the 
news of Jackson's triumph over Packenham determined my 
father to join the Southern Army in the Spring. He set about 
making suitable preparations for the intended campaign. But 
Providence interposed, and before the middle of March, ISlo, 
the disease called the cold plague deprived the army of an ex- 
perienced soldier and his family of its head. It was the first 
death I had ever witnessed." 

528 POL K F A M I LY AND K 1 N S M E N 


The Morris family was quite a large one in Maryland 
and Delaware, many of them residing in Sussex, and it was 
the latter branch which intermarried with the Polks. They 
were all of original Quaker stock that came over with William 
Penn. One of the most distinguished patriots of the American 
Revolution, Robert Morris, the Philadelphia financier and mil- 
lionaire, was of the same family. 

As before related, Ephraim Polk 3d and Rhoda Morris, 
daughter of Daniel Morris Jr., and Ann (Polk) Morris, of 
Sussex County, Delaware, were married March 8, 1792, and 
their first child, Asenath, was born some months before they 
emigrated to Kentucky. Rhoda Polk's father, Daniel Morris 
Jr., who married Ann Polk in 1754, was a son of Daniel Morris 
Sr., of Kent County, adjoining Sussex, who died about 17S5, 
leaving children : ^Hezekiah ; -Daniel, Jr. ; ^Nathaniel ; ^John ; 
^Masten; "^Deborah ; ^Comfort; «Mary Clifton; ^David. 

Hezekiah evidently deceased before his father, judging 
from the fact that Elizabeth Morris, widow and administratrix 
of Curtis Morris, of Sussex, in a petition filed by her against 
the estate of Ann (Polk) Morris, August 27, 1812, in the Fay- 
ette County, Kentucky, Circuit Court, sets forth that Daniel 
Jr., "was the eldest son of said Daniel Morris deceased, having 
by the laws of Delaware the right to his father's lands, upon 
paying the co-heirs the value of their respective portions." 
From this statement it appears that Curtis Morris and his 
wife, Elizabeth, (whose maiden name is said to have been 
AVright). did not come to Kentucky; but remained in his old 
home, and died there, his widow instituting suit in the Fayette 
Circuit Court for an equitable share in the estate of his mother, 
Ann (Polk) Morris, who had devised most of her property 
to her youngest son. David Morris, who had charge of her 
during her great affliction from paralysis for some years be- 
fore her death. The fact that a subpoena issued for Elizabeth 
to appear in the Fayette Court was returned "Not found ; not 

POLK FA M I LY A N D K I .V S M E N 529 

a resident of this Commonwealth, '" further prove^ that she 
and Curtis did not come to Kentucky with the others in 1T[)3, 
In her petition Elizabeth also states that Curtis was "a resi- 
dent of the State of ^Maryland;" probably in the same neigh- 
borhood with the Alorris and Polk families of Delaware, but 
just across the State line. 

So it appears that Daniel Morris, Jr., inheriting his fath- 
er's manor place, sold it in 1793 and came to Kentucky, his 
brother, Curtis, remaining in Maryland, and dying there in 
180-1, as stated by his widow. Elizabeth also deposed that 
■■\\'m. McXitt married a daughter of Daniel Morris, Sr., and 
brought suit for a part of the latter's estate" and that David 
^lorris, another son of Daniel, Sr., also filed suit against the 
estate and they recovered the amounts asked for. 

Daniel Morris, Jr., and his wife, Ann. prospered after 
coming to Kentucky, being an industrious and frugal couple. 
Daniel Morris, Jr., did not remain in Deleware until he could 
satisfy the respective claims of the co-heirs of his father's 
estate, but delegated that duty to his eldest brother, Curtis, 
and the latter dying before this satisfaction was rendered, 
the co-heirs brought suit against the estate of his mother, he 
also having previously died at his home in Scott County, in 

In November, 1807, Ann (Polk) Morris, widow of Daniel, 
Jr.. purchased a beautiful tract of land near Payne's Station, 
Fayette County. Kentucky, from Hayden Edwards, and tlie 
following year erected thereon a substantial two story l)rick 
residence, where she continued to reside until her death. She 
was a member of old Bethel Presbyterian Church, one of the 
first churches established in Fayette County after the settle- 
ment of Lexington in 1779. In the old family graveyard, on 
this farm, Ann, her husband, their children — Rebecca. Robert, 
^lary. Ann. John, William, Sarah, David — and a number of 
the grand children were buried. 


The children of Daniel Morris, Jr., were: 
(1) Daniel Morris, b. Sept. 18. 17.-').-', ; d. Dec. 18()(i, 
in Kentucky. 


(2) Curtis Alorris, b. Alay 31, 1757 ; d. 18U4 ; married Miss 

Wright, a relative of the wife of Joseph Polk. Issue unknown. 

(3j Rebecca Morris, b. November 2, 1759; d. unmarried. 

(4) Robert Morris, b. August 17, 1761; d. unmarried. 

(5) Brinkley Morris, b. September 15, 1763 ; married, and 
moved to Rush County, Indiana, in the '3U's, and left descend- 

(6) Mary (Polly) Morris, b. July 2, 1765; d. in Scott 
County, Kentucky. Married John Hopkins and had issue: 
^John, Jr., -Robert, ^Betsy ; also several others untraced. 

(7) Ann Morris, b. November 23, 1767 ; d. unmarried. 

(8) John Alorris, b. November 26, 1769; d. 1817; married 
Miss Lotiin. Issue: ^William, -Thomas, ^Daniel. 

(9) William Morris, b. June 6, 1772, d. , married 

Miss Beauchamp, of Scott County, daughter of Jesse Beau- 
champ. Issue ^John, -William, ''Jesse. William last named 
removed to Rush County, Indiana, during the '3U's. He mar- 
ried and left a family. 

(10) Rhoda Alorris, b. October 27, 1773; d. October 22, 
1839; married Ephraim Polk 3d. For issue see list under 
heading "Children of Ephraim Polk 3d." 

(11) Sarah Morris, b. August 12, 1775; d. , 

married William Beauchamp (brother of Jesse Beauchamp, 
father of Wm. Morris' wife) of Scott County. Issue: ^Jesse. 
-Susaa«iah, ^Betsy, "^John, '"'Mrs. Rucker, ^'Agnes Gray, 'Hettie 
Hopkins, ^Polly Morris, '^William. 

( 12 ) David Morris, Jr., b. January 14, 1779 ; d. , 

married Hannah Risque, of Scott County. Issue: ^Daniel, 
2John R., ^James, ^David C, nVesley, ^^Julia Ann, '^Robert. 
The four last all died unmarried, at the old home place, near 
Payne's Station, Scott County. 

Of the children of the foregoing sons and daughters of 
Daniel Morris, Jr. and Ann Polk. 

Robert Hopkms (son of Polly Morris and John Hopkins) 

was married twice ; first to , by whom 

he had issue: John Hopkins, who married Lizzie Doughertv, 
and Robert Hopkins, who married Alice Dunnington, 
daughter of Dr. Dunnington, of Paris, Kentucky. Their chil- 
dren were: . Robert Hopkins, Jr., before the Civil \\^\\ 

POLK FAMILY A X D K I .V 5 .1/ £ .V 531 

was a large owner of stage lines in Kentucky, noted for his 
enterprise and elegance of dress at all times. Broken in 
fortune by the Civil War, he went to Texas, and later to 
V'inita, Indian Territory, where he established stage lines and 
owned a hotel. He left several children. 

r.y his second wife, Almira Risque (or Risk). Rol^ert 
Hopkins, Sr., who was a wealthy farmer and distiller of Wood- 
ford County, had issue: ^Henry Hopkins, of Payne's Station, 
who married Miss Josie Nichols; -George Johnson Hopkins, 
who married Miss Griffith ; "'William Hopkins, who did not 
marry; '^Cabell Breckinridge Hopkins, who married !\liss \'an 
Pelt, of Lexington ; ^Mary Hopkins, who married James Gaines 
of Fayette County; *^Thomas Hopkins, who married Miss 
Lowrv ; 'fames Hopkins, who married Miss ^loore of Midway, 

Daniel Morris (son of David Morris, Jr., and Hannah 
Risque (or Risk) married Miss Tilford, a daughte of Col. 
Tilford, of Lexington. Ky., by whom he had issue : ^Lizzie, 
who married first, James Brown; secondly, ^^'m. Payne. No 
issue by either. 

W^illiam Morris, son of James and Davidella (Messick) 
Morris, was a soldier in the Confederate Army during the 
Civil War, in General John H. Morgan's Cavalry brigade. 
His elder brother. James C. Morris, served in the Union Army 
as Captain of Company "D" Twentieth Kentucky Infantry. 


James Morris, Sr., married Davidella ^Messick, of Lexing- 
ton, and had issue : 

(1) Zephaniah Morris, b. March 6, 1836, married Mary E. 
Spencer, of Warsaw, Ky. They had : ^Preston Hampton ; 
-Sarah C. ; ^Wm. B. ; ^Margaret R. ; -''James .Messick; ''Frank 

C. ; "Charles S. 

(2) Jas. C. Morris, b. July 7, 1838, married Lillie Reed, of 
Maysville, Ky., and they had : ^James L. ; "Lillie R. ; ^Martha 
D. ;'4Mary B. ; ^\llen B.; ^Carrie M. 

(3) Wm. Henry Morris, b. Oct. 3L 18 K». married Annie 
Martin. He d. Aug. 22, 18?.-). No issue. 

532 P O LK F AM I LY A N D KI N S M E N 

(4) Margaret Hannah ^Morris, b. April (!, 184:8, married 
John Russell; no issue. He d. March 19, 1890. 

(5) David Morris, b. Feb. 5, 1847, married Mary Moore, 
of Midway, Ky., she dying he next married Miss Lou Rey- 
nolds, of Indiana. Issue : ^David R. ; ^Mary Moore ; ^Hunter. 

(6) John Morris, b. July 26, 1852, married Tillie Gilbert, 
of Lexington. One child, Margaret R. 

(7) Alfred Russell Morris, b. May 7, 1855, married Ora 
Bell Durham, of Danville, Ky. They had issue: ^Milton W. ; 
-Robert M. ; ^'Alfred C. ; ^Chas. W. ; ^Mary D. 

James Morris Sr., (son of David Morris and Hannah Ris- 
que) was for many years a leading merchant of Lexington. 
Of his 'Other sons beside Rev. James C. Morris, William was 
engaged in the chinaware trade; Zephaniah was a merchant at 
Beards, Ky. John, cashier of a bank at Milton\'ale, Kansas; 
David and Alfred R. were popular and widely known travel- 
ing representatives of wholesale houses. 


The children l^orn to Ephraim Polk ;3d and his wife Rhoda 
(Morris) Polk, were : 

(1) Asenath Polk, 1). in Delaware, February 16, 179;3 ; 
d. October, 18-42, at ^ladison, Indiana. She married Wm. A. 
Burch and left one child, Anderson Burch, who was a soldier 
in Col. Marshall's Kentucky Cavalry, in the [Mexican ^^'ar, 
and also in the Confederate xA.rmy in the Civil \\q.v. He was 
wounded at Buena Vista. 

(2) Mary (Polly) Polk, b. in Kentucky, October 12. 1794 ; 
d. August 22, 1874, at Liberty, Indiana, leaving a family of 
eight children. 

(3) Ann (Xancy) Polk, b. August 9, 1796; d. Alarch 11, 
1850, near Greenfield, Indiana, leaving a large family. 

(4) Ephraim Polk 4th, b. in 1798; drowned in big spring 
near house, in May, 1801, in Scott County, Ky. 

(5) Jehosephat Polk, born ]\Iay 3, 1800; died October 
25, 1864, at Spring Station, Woodford County, Ky. 

(6) Jefferson J. Polk, b. March 10, 1802 ; d. May 23, 1881, 
at Perryville, Kv. He had a familv of eisrht children. 



(7) Daniel Polk, b. June 25, 1804; drowned at Frankfort 
in Kentucky River, September IT, 186<!. He was twice mar- 
ried and had nine children. 

(8j Hester B. Polk, b. June li, isuG ; d. August 13, 18GT, 
at Danville, Kentucky. 

(9j Clement Madison Polk, b. September 14, 1808; d. 
May 2, 1849, at Springfield, 111. 

(lOj Gilead Polk, b. August lo, 181n; d. May, 1855, at 
Midway, Woodford County. Ky. 

(11) Sarah Polk, b. June 21, 1812; d. at Liberty. Union 
County, Indiana. 

(12) Ephraim Polk 5th, b. August 10, 1814; died unmar- 
ried, September 3, 1840, at Springfield, 111. 


Mary Morris (Polly) Polk, second child of Ephraim 3d 
and Rhoda (Morris) Polk, was born October 12, 1794, in Ken- 
tucky, at the pioneer home of her parents, on Lain's Run the 
year following their emigration from Delaware. On July in, 
181G, she was married to Jesse Wolf, son of Jacob Wolf, 
who was among the early emigrants to Kentucky, from Penn- 
sylvania. Jesse Wolf was b. October 29, K95. In 1835 
Jesse and Polly Wolf emigrated to Union County, Indiana, 
where their children grew to the ages of maturity, and lived 
there until they died, she on August 12, 18T4, he several years 


(1) Eliza A. ^\'olf. b. April P.), 1819; d. . 

(2) Jacob Harrison Wolf, b. ^^lay in. 1820; d. January 
14, 1893. 

(3) Harvy J. Wolf, 1). June 26, 1822 ; d. July 2(j, 18,S3. 

(4) Hattie Eveline \\'olf, b. October Kt, 1S•^■); d. Xovem- 
ber 20, 1856. 

(5) Nancy A. A\olf, b. January 26, l.s2; : d. . 

(6) Thomas Jefferson WoU, b. February 11. I.s29 ; d. 

(?) ]\Iary Susan Wolf, b. December 21, 18:51 ; d. January 

fi, 1859. 

(8) Sarah Elizabeth Wolf. b. March 28, 1834 ; d. . 

534 POL K F A M I LY A X D K I N S M E N 


The intermarriages and children of Jesse and Polly (Polk) 
Wolf were : 

Eliza A. Wolf (Ij married August 21, 18:38, to William 
Sands, by whom she had : 

(Ij James Sands, b. , d. , married Alollie Rogers. 

Issue unknown. 

{2) Charles W. Sands, b. , d. , married Nannie 

Israel. Issue unknown. 

Jacob Harrison Wolf married twice. His first wife whom 
he married on ^Jarch 12, 184-1, was Eliza J. Lorimer. She 
was b. March 15, IS'^G, and d. July 2i\, li)(H). By her he had 
five children, viz : 

{1) John Wesley, b. January G, 1845; d. August 24, 1845. 

(2) Alary Susan, b. June 16, 1847. She was twice mar- 
ried. Her first husband was James W. Bedel, whom she mar- 
ried March 23, 1870. To them was born one child, Albert 
Bedel, on July 3, 1871. Albert married October 13, 1901, 
Louise Louvilla Bishop. Issue unknown. 

James W^ Bedel d. March 23, 1870, and on October 9, 
1878, his widow, Mary Susan, married John Davison, a promi- 
nent farmer near Rushville. Mr. Davison was b. January 7, 
1835, and d. June 30, 1896. 

(3) Martha Caroline Wolf, b. August 26, 1849. (third 
child of Jacob Harrison W^olf), was universally called "Mat- 
tie." She was married July 13, 1876, to Thackery K. Gal- 
breath, of Greenfield, Indiana, who was b. November 7, 1849, 
at Cynthiana. Kentucky. They had issue : 

Clara Leota Galbreath, b. May 20, 1877, married July 29, 
1896, to Harry Davison, b. April 23, 1872. They had two 
children: iLouella Maria, b. March 31, 1898; -Lillian Isabel, 
b. October 3, 1901. 

(2) Claude Galbreath, b. August 11, 1879. 

(3) Rosaline M. Galbreath, b. April 19, 1882. 

(4) Edmond P. Galbreath, b. April 28, 1885. 

(5) Nancie Marie Galbreath, b. December 21, 1891. 

(4) Rosaline Wolf, b. December 4, 1852 (fourth child of 
Jacob Harrison W'olf), married July 13, 1876, to Hamlin 
Morris, of Rushville, Indiana, a distant kinsman. At last 



daughter of Ephraim Polk, :;rd. 



acco'unts they were living at Ponca City, Oklahoma, having 
nu children. The marriage of Alattie and Rosaline Wolf was 
a double ceremony at their home in Indianapolis. 

(5) Francis Albert Wolf, b. March IS, 1855 (fifth child 
of Jacob Harrison Wolf) married November 16, 188"^, Alary 
E. Frazier, b. September 28, 186J:. They had issue: ^Minnie 
Lee Wolf. b. July 6, 1884; -'Qtho Francis Wolf, b. June 9, 

By his second wife, Jacob Harrison Wolf had one child, 
Clara May, b. March 6, 1889. 

Harvey J. Wolf, (third child of Jesse and Polly (Polk) 
Wolf) was twice married. His first wife was Mary A. Larimore, 
a sister of Jacob Harrison Wolf's wife. Plarvey and Mary were 
married June 9, 184G, and she d. October 31, 1851. Harvey 
next married Rachael Bryant, in 1856, and she d. Fel)ruary 19, 
1885. By his first wife, Harvey J. Wolf had issue: ^Florida 
Wolf, b. August 10, 1851 ; married December 26, 1872, to 
Albert Stanly Brown, of Lyon's Station, Indiana, l)y whom 
she had issue : Rozzie May Brown, b. January 26, 187-1. She 
married Charles X. Huber, February 22, 1900. Issue: Charles 
Albert Huber, b. J'une 12, 1902. 

The second child of Harvey J. Wolf was named Frank, 
b. in 1854, untraced. 

Mary Francis (third child of Harvey J. Wolf), b. June 16, 
1853, married in 1877, Mr. Titrington, of Lyon's Station, In- 
diana, by whom she had issue: ^Harvey Clide Titrington, 
b. April 9, 1879; ^Ethel May Titrington. b. August 13, 1883; 
d. November 2, 1898; ''Delia Belle Titrington, b. December 15, 
1887, d. in infancy. 

Jessie Wolf (fourth child of Harvey J. Wolf, and the first 
by his wnfe, Rachael Bryant), b. November 26, 1860, d. Ai)ril 
22, 1885. A second child by this wife, Eliza Jane, was b. Aug- 
ust 23, 1862 : d. January 8, 1878. 

Hester Eveline WoU, (fourth child of Jesse and Polly 
(Polk) Wolf), married October 29, 1846, Dr. Aaron Talbcrt 
of Union County, Indiana, by whom she had three daughters, 
Susan, Anne and Belle, all of whom died young at Dayton, 
Ohio. Dr. Talbert removed from Dayton to Lexington. Ken- 
tucky, where his wife Hester Eveline d. November 20. 1856. 

Nancy A. Wolf (fifth child of Jesse and Polly CPolk) 


Wolf), married August :^!', 1856, iNIahundra Hollingsworth, by 
whom she had live children: ^\'illiam, -Belle, ^Edward, 
^Charles E., ■''Ettie. Xo dates of birth or marriages obtained. 
Belle married a Air. Alicham, of St. Joe, Mo. 

Thomas Jefiferson Wolf (sixth child of Jesse and Polly 
(Polk) Wolf), was twice married; first, February 1, 1856, to 
Mary \\^eatherow by whom he had issue : ^Ida, ^Thomas J., 
^Issa, ■*Emmet, '"'Anna, "^Charles, '^Bertie. By his second wife, 
Adeline Price, Thomas Jefiferson had no issue. 

Mary Susan Wolf (seventh child of Jesse and Polly (Polk) 
Wolf), married Samuel N. Alinor, November 11, 1850. They 
had issue: ^Levin R. Minor, h. January 12, 1852; ^Clara E. 
Minor, b. September 27, 185:5; d. June 29, 18S4. The latter 
married April T, 18T4. to \\'illiam Wallace, an editor of Rush- 
ville. Indiana. 

Jda r,elle Alinor, b. Alay 28, 1854; d. February 28, 
1876. Alarried December 2, 1872, Earnest Mason, son of 
Alonzo Mason, of Wabash, Indiana. Earnest Mason d. De- 
cember 2, 1902. They had two children: MJlanche, b. Decem- 
ber 1, 1873, who married July 2, 1901, to Chas. AV. O'Donnell, 
of Detroit; -Hinda, b. February 14, 1875, d. January 1, 1876. 

The children of Clara E. Minor and William Wallace 
were : 

(1) Janie AA^ailace. b. April 2, 1875, married June 13, 1898, 
Ralph Payne. They had issue: ^\\'illiam Wallace Payne, 1). 
April 30, 1899 ; -Lawrence A\'esley Payne, b. February 14, 

(2) Levin E. \\'allace, b. December 14, 1876, untraced. 

(3) Zetta Wallace, b. June, 1882 ; d. in infancy. 

(4) Mattie Wallace, b. September 16, 1883 ; d. in infancy. 
Sarah Elizabeth AA'olf (youngest child of Jesse and Polly 

(Polk) Wolf), married twice. Her first husband was William 
Hart, whom she married February 19, 1850. Her second hus- 
band, by whom she had no issue, was Jacob Frink. By the 
first she had four children: ^Alice, "Frank, ^'Minnie, ^Sadie. 


Jesse Wolf, the husband of Polly (Polk) Wolf, was a 
man of great determination and a stranger to fear. He was 



but seventeen years of age when the War of 1812 began. In 
the summer of 1813 General William Henry Harrison, sorely 
pressed for soldiers with which to prosecute his Northwestern 
campaign, because of the opposition manifested in the Eastern 
States toward the war, came to Kentucky and appealed to 
Governor Isaac Shelby for aid. The old hero of King's Aloun- 
tain, who had just been chosen a second time to fill the guber- 
natorial chair, turned over the administration of its duties to 
Lieut. Governor Hickman and summoned his fellow Ken- 
tuckians to his standard. 

There lurked in the breast of every Kentuckian a deep, 
inherited hatred of British and Indians, because of their in- 
famous deeds in pioneer days. 

Xine regiments of Kentuckians rallied to the standard of 
Shelby, and being mounted at Newport, marched with him 
to Lake Erie, arriving just in time to hear the booming of 
Perry's guns as they demolished Barclay's British fleet. Shel- 
by's army crossed over to Canada on Perry's ships, and by a 
rapid march overtook Proctor's army of British and Indians 
at the Moravian Towns and signally defeated them on October 
5th, in the battle of the Thames. One of the slain was the 
noted Indian Chief Tecumseh. 

Among those who went from Kentucky on this campaign 
and took part in the battle were the brothers Conrad and 
Jesse Wolf, who had enlisted in Capt. Jacob Stucker's Com- 
pany of Col. Richard M. Johnson's regiment. They were en- 
rolled on Alay 20, 1813, and mustered out at Newport, Ken- 
tucky, November 19, 1813. In the battle of the Thames Jesse 
Wolf was twice wounded — in the forehead and in the breast — 
and captured by the Indians. Some days after the battle, his 
captor, an Indian Chief, directed him to accompany him to 
a creek nearby to wash out a kettle. Wishing to get a drink 
of water, the chief handed his tomahawk to Jesse to hold while 
he arot down on his knees to drink from the stream. Wliile 
he was so engaged, Jesse sank the tomahawk into his skull, 
killing him instantly, and made his escape to Detroit river, 
crossing it and rejoining his regiment. 

540 POL K F A .1/ I LY A N D KIN S M B N 


Ann (Nancy) Pulk, (third child of Kphraim od and Rhoda 
Morris Polk), born at the old homestead on Lain's Run, in 
Scott County, Kentucky, August J), 1796, died in Shelby Coun- 
ty, Indiana, March 11, 1850. Isaac Adams was also born in 
Scott County, August 13, 1799, and died in Shelby County, 
October 8, 1851. Isaac and Xancy Polk were married in Ken- 
tucky, in 1819, and emigrated with other kinsmen to Indiana 
in the fall of 1826, settling on Blue River. 

In the spring of 1840 Isaac Adams and family removed 
to Rush County, and in 1848 to Shelby County, Indiana. 
Thence they removed to Hancock County. Most of their 
eleven children were born in Kentucky. 

The following record is from the family Bible of Ephraim 
Polk 3d, which was inherited by his daughter, Nancy Adams, 
and taken by her to Indiana: 

Ephraim Polk 3d, d. March 24, 1814, in Scott County, Ken- 

Ephraim Polk, Jr., d. ^lay, , 1801 ; drowned in spring. 

Rhoda Polk d. October 23, 1839, in Scott County, Ken- 

Ephraim Polk (son of Ephraim and Rhoda Polk), d. 
September 3, 1840, in Springfield, Illinois. 


Nancy (Polk) Adams, b. August 9, 1796; d. March 11, 

Isaac Adams, b. August 13, 1799; d. October 7, 1851. 
Nancy and Isaac had eleven children, viz : 

(1) James AT. Adams, b. Jan. 15, 1820; d. September 20, 

(2) Amanda Adams, b. March 17, 1821; d. February 2Q>, 



(3) Edward P. Adams, b. August 21, 1S22 ; d. November 

18, isyy. 

(4:) Alary Adams, b. November 26, 1823; d. October 26, 

(5) Hester Adams, b. January 1, 1825; d. October 6, 

(6) Malinda Adams, b. April 26, 1826 ; d. March 26, 1827. 

(7) A son, b. January 24, 1828 ; d. January 27, 1828. 

(8) Daniel Adams, b. May 26, 1829 ; d. January 31, 1845. 

(9) Rhoda Adams, b. February 19, 1831; d. January 5, 

(10) Sarah Jane Adams, b. April 10, 1832 ; d. . 

(11) Marcellus Martin Adams, b. November 12, 1834; 
d. — . 


James !M. Adams, and Phoebe J. Johnson, were married 
January 19, 1841. 

Amanda Adams and John White were married February 
11, 1841. 

Hester Adams and Allen ]\IcMichael were married January 
25, 1844. 

Edward P. Adams and Elizabeth Six were married Feb- 
ruary 7, 1847. 

Mary (Polly) Adams and Dr. James 'SI. Ely were mar- 
ried June 11, 1847. 

Rhoda Adams and Hiram Hufford were married April 
. 1851. 

Sarah J. Adams and Thos. A. Gant were married August 
17, 1864. 

Alarcellus SI. Adams and Miranda \'. Bailey were mar- 
ried October 20, 1858. He was married secondly to Nancy 
Hinchman, :\Iarch 12, 1874. 

James SI. Adams married December 20. 1864 to Belinda 
Johnson, a sister of his first wife. 


Dr. James AI. Ely, b. September 18, 1821, at Columbia, 
Tenn.. d. December 13, 1905, at New Palestine. Ind. 


Alary Adams Ely, b. November 'l^, 1^'1'6; d. Uctubcr 26, 

Dr. Ely and AJary Adams married June 11, 1847, and had 
the following- children : 

(1) Manora Arabella Ely, 1). Alarch •l\), 1848. 

(3) Eucien C. Ely, b. March 1, 1855. 

(3) Ada Mae Ely, b. July lu, 1859. 

Manora Arabella Ely was married November 5, 1868, to 
Dr. Chas. H. Kirkhoff, who was b. February 15, 1847, and d. 
February 11, 1S99. They had issue: 

(1) Charles Kirkhofif, b. April i:!. 1S(;9. 

{'Z) Anna Kirkhoff, b. December lU, 1874; died January 
4, 1881. 

(3) Harry Kirkhoff, b. April 30. LS,S3. 

Harry Kirkhoff" and Fanny II. Studa, were married June 
8, 1903, Fannv was b. in Cincinnati, ( )hi(), October 5, 1S81. 
They had issue: ^Maxine Kirkhoff', b. September IS, 1903; 
^Mary Kirkhoff, b. June 29, 1905. 

Dr. Lucien C. Ely, b. Alarch 1, 1855, was married October 
10, 1.S78, to Ida J. Anderson, I). Novemljer i;>, 1X57. They had 
issue : 

(1) Harry Ely, b. August 5, 1879, married Deceml)er 25, 
1901. to Myrtle Hunter, by whom he has one child, Kenneth 
Ely, b. June 14, 1904. 

Ada Mae Ely, b. July 10, 1S59, married March 11, 1878, 
to W. H. Carver, b. August 11, 1857, in Hamilton, Butler 
County, Ohio. To them was born a daughter who died shortly 
after birth. 


Dr. James M. Adams (eldest child of Isaac and Nancy 
(Polk) Adams), was b. in Scott County, Kentucky, Jan. 15, 
1820, and d. in Shelby County, Indiana, September 20, 1894. 
He was married twice, his wives being sisters. His first wife, 
to whom he was united January 14, 1841, was Phoebe J. John- 
son, of Shelby County, b. x\pril 22, 1824. By her he had issue : 

(1) Sarah Ann Adams, b. Alay 17, 1843. 

(2) Mary Alelissa Adams, b. February 16, 1846. 


(3) John Quincy Adams, b. November 26, 1848; d. Julv 
29, 1850. 

(i) Marcellus W. Adams, b. September 30, 1851. 

(5) Martha B. Adams, b. June 6, 1854. 

(6) Emma Adams, b. February 15, 1857 ; d. . 

(7) Frank Adams, b. June 3, 1861 ; d. December 13, 1862. 
Phoebe J. Adams died in Shelby County, June IS, 1864, 

and on December 20, 1864, Dr. Adams was married to Behnda 
Johnson who was born May 15, 1832. By the latter he had : 

{S) Charles W. Adams, b. ]^Iarch 21, 1866. 

(9) Will Cumback Adams, b. April 6, 1868. 

(10) Dr. Ovid Adams, b. April 8, 1871. 

(11) Catherine Adams, b. March 26, 1873; d. December 
18, 1879. 

(12) Jesse Adams, b. , 1875. 

Most of these children live at Shelbyville, Indiana. 


]^Iarv Melissa Adams, married Theodore F. X'andergrift, 
March 2s, isTl, and to them were born: ^Harry \'andergrift ; 
-Kitty Vandergrifi. 

!\Iarcellus A\'. Adams was married December 28, 1871, to 
Sarah Chapler, and to them was born seven children : ^Fred, 
-Arthur. ^Earl, '^Emma, ^Roland, *'Bessie. "^James. They all 
reside in Wabash, Indiana. 

Alartha B. Adams married John Calvin Tyner, of Wabash 
County, August 21. 1873, and they had issue: ^Cora, -Fred, 
^Frank, ^Oma, ■''Jack. Cora married Elva Signs. They have 
one son, aged nine years, and they reside at Butler, Indiana, 
All the other children of John C. Tyner and wife live at 


Amanda Adams, b. ^larch 17, 1821: d. February 26, 1872, 
was the second child of Isaac and Xancy (Polk) Adams. She 
was married February 11, 1841, to John White, a most excel- 
lent gentleman of Wabash, Indiana. He was b. December 19, 
1815, and d. March 29, 1870. They had issue: 

(1) ^lary Jane White, b. January 11, 1842; d. December 
25, 1857. 


(2) Parmelia Alice White, b. June 30, 1843. 

(3) Daniel \\hite, b. January 28. 1845. 
(4j Ann .Alarie White, b. April 1, 1847. 

(5) Lealdis \Miite. b. December 21). 1848 : d. , 1880. 

(6) John W. White, b. October 12, 1858; killed in 1877 
by highwayman, in Rush County. 

(7) Lydia \\4iite. b. December 14, 1851. 

(8) Mattie Amanda \\'hite, b. January 17, 1854. 

( 9 ) Sarah India White, b. July 29, 1869 ; d. in 1881. 
Parmelia Alice White (second child of John and Amanda 

Adams White), married on July 10, 1872, Lieut. Harry H. 
\\'heeler, of Wal)ash. a veteran officer of the Seventy-fiftli In- 
diana A'ol. Infant, in the Civil \Wir, who was b. August 5, 18 1>, 
They had issue: ^Gertrude Wheeler, b. A'ugust 26, 1874; d. 
January 30, 1908; ^Anna Wheeler, b. October 16, 1877; res- 
idence Lexington. Ky. ; ''Lee H. Wheeler, b. March 16, 1881 ; 
d. July 18. 1,S81. 

Anna Wheeler was married February 22, 1899. to Homer 
H. Lamport, of Wabash, a son of Rev. A. W. Lamport of 
Pasadena, Cal. They have no children. Homer Lamport re- 
moved from A\'abasli to Lexington. Ky.. in 1902 and was made 
General Foreman of the ^Mechanical Department of the Lex- 
ington & Eastern Railway Company. 

Lieut. AA'heeler was a widower at the time he married Par- 
melia Alice A\'hite. His first wife was a Miss Martha Lessig, 
of Wabash, to whom he was married July 10, 1863. They had 
one child, Edith AA'heeler, b. February 16, 1865. She married 
Bland Baldwin, a leading jeweler of Wabash, and they re- 
moved a few years later to Winchester. Kentucky, his native 
place. They have three children : ^Lee Wheeler, 18 ; -Cora, 
16 ; -Wlbert Rand Baldwin, 10. 

Daniel White (third child and eldest son of John and 
Amanda (Adams') White), was married November 10. 1869, 
to Ellen Tyner of Hancock County. Indiana, by whom he 
had issue : 

(1) Bessie Tyner White, b. July 31, 1872. She married 
Frank Porter and they have no children. Residence. Enid, 

(2) Earl AA'hite. b. January 4. 1876. 




granddaughter of Nancy (Polk) Adams. La Fayette, Ind. 


POLK FAMILY A N D K I .V i' .1/ £ .V 547 

(3) Grace White, b. April 11, 188J:. Single and resides 
with parents in La Fayette. Indiana. 

Earl White grew to manhood in La Fayette, and took a 
course in Perdue University, graduating therefrom in June. 
189G. When the Spanish-American War began he enlisted 
in the army, joining an Lidiana battery, but his company did 
not reach the seat of war, its services not being necessary. 
After being mustered out, he took a position with a leading- 
manufacturing firm in Chicago. He was sent to firemen, Ger- 
many, to look after the firm's business there, where he re- 
mained for five years. Coming l)ack to America, he located 
in Indianapolis. \\'hile living at Bremen, Earh married a Ger- 
man lady, Lottie Hess, and they have one child, William. 
Bessie Tyner AA'hite. Earl's sister, also attended Perdue Uni- 

Ann Alarie A\'hite (fourth child of John and Amanda 
(Adams) White), was married October 5, 1865. to Alden Xew- 
som, who was b. June 7, 1842. The issue of this union was: 

(1) Winona Xewsom, h. January 30, 1867. 

(2) Samuel Lee Newsom, 1). February 15, 1869. 

(3) Cora Belle Xewsom. b. July 16, 1872. Winona is 
not married. 

Samuel Lee Xewsom married Anna Henley, of Carthage, 
Ind.. and they have one child. Catherine, now grown. 

Cora Belle married Frank McCarthy, of Carthage, but 
they have no children. 

Lealdis White, (fifth child of John and Amanda (Adams) 
White), married December 7, 1871 to Sarah Boone. He d. 
in 18811. leaving no issue. 

lohn W. AVhite. f sixth child of John and Amanda 
(Adams) A\'hitej, was murdered and robbed by a highwayman 
named Foxwell in 1S77. in Rush County. Indiana. His mur- 
derer was captured, tried for the crime, but escaped froni the 
penitentiary and fled. 

Lydia A\'hite, (seventh child of John and Amamla 
(Adams) White), was married Se])t. IS, 1872, to Samuel 
Shank, and to them were born two children. 

(1) Clarence Shank, b. Xov. 2(t, 1S85. 


(2) Bernice Shank, b. Feb. 'i^, 1892. Bernice married 
Dec. 24, 1908, Mr. Shelby, of Beatrice, Nebraska. 

Mattie Amanda White (eighth child of John and Amanda 
(Adams) White), married Feb. 22, 1873, James Williams, of 
Sigourney, Iowa. The}' have three children: ^Ora, b. 18T8; 
2Ray, b. 1882 ; ^Alice, b. 1885. 

Sarah India White, b. July 29, 1869. d. Xov 4, 1873, when 
twelve years of age. 


Hester Adams, (fifth child of Isaac and Nancy (Polk) 
x\dams), was b. Jan. 1, 1825, and d. Oct. 6, 1892. She was 
married Jan. 25, 1844 to Allen ]\IcAlichael, by whom she had 
issue : 

(1) James Madison McMichael, b. Dec. 28, 1844, d. April 
27, 1884. 

(2) William J. McMichael, b. Sept. 8, 1846, d. Oct. 19, 

(3) Nancy Ann McMichael, b. Jan. 20, 1884, d. Feb. 9, 

(4) Marcellus ^IcMichael, b. Oct. 17, 1850, residence, Des 
Moines, Iowa. 

(5) Alonzo McMichael, b. April 1, 1853, residence, Des 
Moines, Iowa. 

(6) Mary J. McMichael, b. April 5, 1856. 

(7) Sarah Alice McMichael, b. July 23, 1858. 

(8) Martha A. McMichael, b. Oct. 5, 1861. 

(9) Laura L. McMichael, b. April 5, 1866. 


James Madison Alc^^Iichael married in 1868 to Eli'-^a C. 
Howard, of Des Moines, Iowa., and had issue: ^Anna ; -Wil- 
liam N. ; ^John Wesley ; *Charles ; ^George. The latter is dead 
but the others live with their mother at Des Moines, Iowa. 

Nancy Ann McMichael was married in 1859 to W. H. 
Hendrix and died without issue. 

Marcellus N. McMichael is Chief Engineer and Superin- 


tenclent of the Des Moines Water Company, Des Moinc-. Lnva, 
and is regarded as a highly efficient officer. He was married 
in 1874 to Miss A. F. Houstin, and had issue: 'Minnie ^1.; 
-'Lucien P. ; ^Winfield S. ; ^Marcellus 'M. Luc'en L\ lives 
in Xew York, the others in Des Moines. Iowa. 

Marcellus ^\. McMichael was married secondly, in 1893 
to Hattie E. Savage, by whom he has no issue. 

iVlonzo McMichael was married in 18T5 to Araminta Ilob- 
son, by whom he had one child. 

Mary J. Mc^^lichael was married Feb. 32, 1877 to George 
G. Carter, (b. Nov. 23, 1853) and they live at Nevada, Iowa. 
To them were born nine children, viz. : 

(1) Alta Carter, b. ^larch 4, 1878. 

(2) Daisey L. Carter, b. June 23, 1879. 

(3) Frederick Carter, b. April 3, 1881. 

(4) Edwin O. Carter, b. May 18, 1883. 

(5) Clarence Carter, b. Jan. 15, 1885. 

(6) Bessie Carter, b. Jan. 28, 1886, d. March 8, 1887. 

(7) Frankie Carter, b. Dec. 23, 1888, d. Aug. 25, 1893. 

(8) Laura Carter, b. Sept. 28, 1890. 

(9) Laurence Carter, b. Sept. 11, 1897. 

Alta Carter married Ed. Hague, June 29, 1898. 
Frederick Carter and Halley were married April 

19, 1906 ; residence, Tacoma, Washington. 

Daisy Carter and Dr. W. D. Mason were married Dec. 

20, 1907. Residence, Ogden, Utah. 

Edwin O. Carter and Anna Addison were married Nov. 
5, 1908. Edwin is a graduate of Iowa University, and a promi- 
nent physician of Iowa Falls, Iowa. 

Clarence Carter was married to Ruth McCollum, Dec. 30, 
1908. Residence. Tacoma, Washington. 

Sarah Alice McMichael was married Sept. 27, 1876, to 
George Miller Breeding, of Winterset. Iowa, and they had 


(1) Lulu Breeding, b. Aug. 31, 1877. 

(2) George Allan Breeding, b. April 30, 1879. 

(3) Elinor Breeding, b. July 9, 1880. 

George M. Breeding d. Sept. 27, 1880, and his widow was 
married July 14, 1883 to Elza Peak, by wlmm slic liad: 


(4j ^Martha Peak, h. Jan. IS, 18SG. 

(5j Frank Peak, b. July 20, 1888. 

(6) Ralph Perk. h. July 20. 1891. 

(7) Bruce Peak, b. Xov. 28, 1892. 

(8) Ruth Peak. b. June lo, 1897. 

(9) Hugh Earle Peak. b. April 22, 1900. 

Martha ^IcMichael was married to William Conway, 
Nov. 3, 1885. They had issue : 

(1) Laura Conway, b. Dec. 30, 1887. 

(2) Frank Conway, b. July 20, 1889. 

(3) Edward Conway, b. vSept. 12, 1890. 

(4) Fred Conway, b. June 25, 1898. 

W illiam Conway, d. Xov. 3, 1885, and his widow was mar- 
ried Dec. 2;!, 190S, to a Mr. Sinke. They all reside in Des 

Laura !McAIichael married William Kimball, in October, 
1883, and they had issue : 

(1) Bessie Kimball, b. May 7, 1885. 

(2) Nellie Kimball, b. Dec. 0, 1886. 

(3) Myrtha Kimball, 1). Aug. 15, 1889. 

(4) Katherine Kimball, b. Sept. 4, 1892. 

(5) Clyde Kimball, b. Dec. 30, 1901 ; d. July 24, 1902. 
Bessie was married in November 1908 to Hartley Worden 

and they reside on a ranch near Wiljeau, Montana. The other 
children live in Des Moines. 


John II. Hufford, b. Dec. 25, 1828, in Rush County, 
Indiana. Rhoda A. Adams, b. Feb. 19, 1831. They were mar- 
ried April 10, 1851. Issue: 

(1) Nancy E. Hufford, b. July 7, 1852, d. March 17, 1853. 

(2) Arkansas Hufford, b. July 18, 1854, d. Dec. 14, 1859. 

(3) Ann M. Hufford, b. Sept. 19, 1855, d. Sept. 24, 1855. 

(4) Laura Huft'ord, b. March 24, 1857, married, lives in 

(5) John ]\I. Hufford, 1). July lo, 1S59, residence, Green- 
field, Indiana. 

(6) Amanda F. Hufford, b. May 3, 1861, married 

Havens, Greenfield. 



Greenfield, Ind. 




(7) Lot Adams Huft'ord, b. Sept. 3, 1863. Prof. College. 

(8) William T. Hufford, b. Dec. 5, 1865. 
id) Bennie O. Hufford. b. Dec. 13, 1867. 

(lOj Edward Polk Hufford, b. Oct. 10, isT-i. 
Edward P. Adams and his wife Elizabeth Six, had born 
to them a son, John W. Adams, , 1850. 


Sarah Jane Adams, (popularly called "Sadie"), was the 
tenth child of Isaac and Nancy (Polk) Adams. She was 1). 
April 10, 1832, and was married Aug". IT, 1861 to Thomas A. 
Gant, a grocer, of Greenfield, Ind.. by whom she had five chil- 
dren : 

(1) Annie Lile Gant, 1). July 4, 1865; d. Sept. 2, 1866. 

(2) Minnie Gant, b. April 10, 1868; d. Sept. 30, 1869. 

(3) Dora Gant, b. July 29, 1869. 

(1) Marcellus Frank Gant, b. Feb. 11, 18<2. 
(5) John Gant, b. July 1, 18T1. 


Dr. ^vlarcellus M. Adams, b. Nov. 12, 1831, was the 
eleventh and youngest child of Isaac Adams and his wife 
Nancy (Polk) Adams. Dr. Adams was twice married. His 
first wife was Miranda V. Bailey, of Freeport, Ind., to whom 
he was united Oct. 20, 1858, and by whom he had the following 
children : 

(1) Clara Adams, b. Oct. 19, 1859; d. Dec. 2, 1863. 

(2) Fannie B. Adams, b. Jan. 28, 1862, d. March 1:5, . 

(3) Nettie Y. Adams, b. Dec. 1, 1866; lives in Los An- 
geles, Cal. 

Miranda (Bailey) Adams d. June 11. 18T3, and on March 
n, 1871, Dr. Adams married Nancy Hinchman, of Rush Coun- 
ty, Indiana., b. Oct. 17, 1817. Her family emigrated from \'ir- 
ginia to Indiana. Issue: 

(4) Olive Adams, b. Jan. 15, ls75, married Sani'l I'.rown. 
firm of Brown Bros., beef and pork packers, ln(lianapoli>. ind, 

(5) Mary Hester Adams, b. Feb. 15, 1877. 

(6) Ellen May Adams, b. Jan. 8, 1882. 



Fannie B. Adams, b. Jan. 28, 18(52, d. ^larch 13, 1895, 
(second child of Dr. ]\Iarcellus ]M. Adams by his fifst wife, 
Miranda V. Bailey), married AI. P. Stutsman, Jan. 2, 1885, by 
whom she had issue : 

(1) George Edgar Stutsman, b. Aug. 5, 1885. 

(2) Nancy Hazel Stutsman, b. October 24, 1886. 

(3) Benjamin H. Stutsman, b. Aug. 12, 1888. 

(4) Nellie St'utsman, b. Nov. 25, 1891 ; d. at 2 years of age. 

(5) Fred Adams Stutsman, b. March 7, 1893. 

(6) Nettie Leona Stutsman, b. February 10, 1895. 


Dr. Marcellus Martin Adams, of Greenfield, Indiana, b. 
Nov. 12, 1834, was the eleventh and youngest child of Isaac 
and Nancy (Polk) Adams. 

Marcellus grew to manhood on the farm, taking an active 
part with his brothers in all the duties incident to an agricul- 
tural life. 

^Marcellus read medicine with Dr. James M. Ely, while 
living at his house, and attended lectures at the Rush Medical 
College, Chicago, in the winter of 1860. He later attended the 
Medical College of Indiana, from which he was graduated. 

The Civil War breaking out, and Dr. Adams being a 
zealous friend of the Union, he enlisted in a three monthe regi- 
ment, but the quota of Indiana in the 75,000 call of Mr. Lincoln 
was filled before his company had time to don the habiliaments 
of Mars. Dr. Adams was postmaster at Freeport at that time 
and returned for a short time to the sale of postage stamps 
and delivery of letters. 

After a call was made by Mr. Lincoln for 300,000 more 
troops. Dr. Adams again enlisted (in July, 1862), going to 
Camp Joe Reynolds, at Indianapolis. On arrival there he was 
put on duty as Dispensary Sargent with three barracks full of 
volunteers to look after and also draw rations for. In Septem- 
ber following he was detached from his company (First 
Indiana Cavalry), and put in charge of recruits and drafted 
men as surgeon. He served in that capacity for about a year 



daughters of Dr. M. M. Adams. Greenfidd. Tnd. 




at Camp Carrigton, Indianapolis and was then commissioned 
as Assistant Surgeon of the IKith Indiana \'ohinteer Infantry, 
six months troops, performing the entire medical duties for 
that organization until their return home in Februar\-, 1SG4 

At the close of the war Dr. Adams returned to Indiana, 
setting up in practice at Greenfield, where he accumulated 
a competency and resided thereafter, giving a portion of Iiis 
time to his farm near that city. 

Dr. Adams was recognized as one of the ablest physicians 
in the State of Indiana, and for many years he enjoyed a large 
practice. He was quiet, genial and agreeable of manner, some- 
what inclined to humor, and very popular. Dr. Adams, in ad- 
dition to his medical researches and duties took great interest 
in paleontology. He had one of the largest private collections 
of the kind in the West, including skeletons, armor, and imple- 
ments of prehistoric and Indian races ; enough Indian bones 
and relics and curios of all kinds to equip a large museum. 
Dr. Adams died at his home in Greenfield, Ind. 


Dr. Jeft'erson Johnson Polk (sixth child and third son of 
Ephraim 3d, and Rhoda (Morris) Polk), was b. at the old Polk 
homestead on Lain's Run, Scott County. March 1(>, 1802, and 
d. at Perryville, Kentucky, May 23, 1881. His wife, whose 
maiden name was Eliza Tod, was a daughter of Wm. Tod, a 
leading manufacturer of Lexington. She was born in that city 
and d. April 13, 1867. 

Jefiferson first attended the neighborhood school and being 
apt and clear headed, soon mastered the simpler studies, work- 
ing on the farm in season and going to school in Uic fall and 
winter months. The balance of his education Jefiferson I'olk 
obtained in a printing office, one of the best schools a boy can 
attend ; a school in which he learns not only spelling, intnclu- 
ation. the meaning of words, grammatical construction of sen- 
tences, geography, history, etc., but in which he is daily 
brought into contact with the l)est thought and intellect of tlie 
dav, and of current events. 

At the age of fourteen Jefferson was apprenticed by Ins 

558 POLK F .1 .1/ ! L y A N D K 1 .V i^ .1/ H N 

mother. Rhoda Polk to Ctilonels Richard ^i. and James John- 
son, who owned the Georgetown Patriot (Major W'm. Sehrce, 
editor), to "learn the art and trade of a jirinter." 

The paper suspending" puljlication after he had worked on 
it for three years, Jefiferson was given a release and an excel- 
lent letter of recommendation to all editors and printers. 
Armed with this, he went to Lexingtmi in is-^o, securing em- 
ployment on the Kentucky Gazette, which had been founded 
b}' John Bradford in August, 1787, the second newspaper estab- 
lished west of the Alleghanies. Mr. r>radfi)rd was a man of 
great erudition. He also pul)lished almanacs, books and 

pamphlets. This position presented a broader held of the 
printing art, and Jefiferson Polk soon learned every intricacy 
of the "art preservative of arts." 

Jeiierson now began a regular course of reading, procur-. 
ing books on all subjects from the library of Transylvania 
University, which contained several thousand volumes. Being 
an omnivorous reader, he explored the domains of history, 
art, science, literature, and other departments of human know- 
ledge. \\ ith a view of making medicine his profession, he 
read up on that science and attended lectures at the Medical 
Department of Transylvania. After he had completed the 
necessary length of service imposed by the craft he took charge 
as foreman of the office of Wm. Gibbs Hunt, publisher of The 
Modern ^Monitor, and later assumed a like position with 
Thomas T. Skillman, publisher of the Western Luminary, a 
Presbyterian journal, and also of books, pamphlets and bibles. 

About this time Jefiferson concluded to don the matrimo- 
nial yoke. Miss Eliza Tod was the name of the fair one whose 
lovely face and form transfixed his palpitating heart. The 
preacher, the celebrated Rev. Nathan H. Hall, fastened on 
the yoke. 

In February, 1826, Jefiferson Polk moved to Danville and 
purchased the Olive Branch printing plant, of Edmund Shipp. 
At the time Kentucky was just emerging from the excitement 
of the Old and New Court question, but a fiercer controversy 
soon ensued. Henry Clay had voted in Congress for John 
Quincy Adams, in preference to General Jackson, for Presi- 
dent, and was appointed by Mr. Adams Secretary of State. 



of Perryville, Ky., son of Ephraim Polk r5rd. 

''the new tcrk 





••Bargain and corruption" were charged. The Olive Branch 
had been a Jackson sheet, but Jefferson Polk now hoisted 
the banner of Mr. Clay. 

The great cholera scourge of 1833 killed many citizens 
of Danville and great numbers of others fled, but Jefferson 
Polk remained, waiting on the sick, giving them medicine, 
praying with them, and helping to bury them, lie sold his 
newspaper and printing plant to S. S. Dismukes. who con- 
ducted it for some time, aided by Clement Polk, also a printer, 
and brother of Jefferson Polk. 

James G. Birney, a strong advocate of Abolitionism, and 
then a resident of Danville, induced Dismukes to prmt an 
Abolition sheet, he, Birney. writing the editorials. The pop- 
ulace was incensed; a mob was organized, and it ])r()ceeded 
to the office with a view of destroying the plant and driving 
the editor and printer from the town. Dismukes had purcliascd 
the paper from Jefferson Polk on credit, after which the latter 
purchased a book store and added to it a stock of drugs. 

While the mol) was assembling, Jefferson Polk demanded 
the keys of the office from Dismukes and received a hasty 
transfer of the property back to himself. Then mounting a 
balcony, he announced to the mob that he had re-purchased 
the property; that he had sold it on credit and it liad not been 
paid for by Dismukes. This appeased the crowd and it (piict- 
ly dispersed. Birney, in deep disgust, left Kentucky, went tu 
Michigan, and was afterward the first candidate of the Aboli- 
tion Party for the Presidency. Clement Polk, who favored 
peacible. not forcible emancipation, was also disgusted, and 
emigrated to Springfield, Illinois, where he bought a farm, 
established a newspaper and erected a large grist mill. And 
there he died in 1.S49. During his residence there he was an 
intimate friend and associate of A])raham Lincoln, then a 
young lawyer at that bar. 

After taking back the Olive Branch and ])lant. Jefferson 
Polk conducted the paper for fifteen months and again dis- 
posed of it. He also disposed of his book and drug store and 
purchased a farm near Danville. The Methodist Quarterly 
Conference licensed him to preach the Gospel, and this he 
commenced, at the same time pursuing his medical studies. 


In November, 1839, he matriculated in Transylvania Medical 
College at Lexington, and after much hard study graduated 

In 1840 Jefiferson Polk sold his farm, removed to Perry- 
ville, and commenced a regular practice of medicine. The 
citizens of Perry\ille, in 1831, led by Dr. Polk, organized the 
first temperance society in Kentucky. 

Dr. I'olk's eldest son, \\'illiam Tod Polk, also studied 
medicine, graduating from Transylvania Medical School in 
1848, and entering into partnership with his father. The 
latter's son, Thomas Polk, and his daughter Margaret Polk, 
also became physicians. Thomas removed to Kansas, and 
practiced and died there. Margaret graduated at the Women's 
Hospital of Philadelphia, became a ^Missionary Doctor, and 
for many years she has been at the head of a big Methodist 
Hospital at Soo-Chow, China. Her neice, Miss Ethel Polk, 
daughter of her brother, Dr. Thos. Polk, deceased, also grad- 
uated at the Philadelphia Woman's Hospital, and went to 
China as a Missionary Doctor, at the same hospital with her 
Aunt Margaret. Jefferson Polk's family is largely a family 
of doctors and lawyers. 

When the Civil War l^egan, Dr. Jefferson Polk strongly 
espoused the cause of the Union, his views being supported 
by his daughters. The sons all sympathized with the South, 
but took nu actix'e part in the armed conflict. The battle of 
Perryville, October 8, 1863, brought the horrors of war to 
their doors. There were Polks on both sides in that battle. 
Lieut. General Leonidas Polk of Louisiana, commanded the 
Confederate troops, the Commander-in-Chief, General Brax- 
ton Bragg, being absent. Under General Polk were numerous 
other descendants of Robert and Magdalen, belonging to 
Southern commands. On the LTnion side was Col. Burr Har- 
rison Polk, of Indiana, and others of the name from that 
state, and Illinois. 

Dr. Polk and his son, Dr. Wm. Tod Polk, rolled up their 
sleeves and worked hard in aid of the wounded. Dr. Polk's 
house was filled with wounded men and he was put in charge 
of them. He and his son continued their aid to the wounded 
for some time after the battle. 



Perryville, Ky., son of Dr. Jefferson J. Polk. 





Dr. Jefferson Polk retired from active practice on account 
of the precarious condition of his heahh. and died Mav •^:> 


The children born to Dr. Jeft'erson Johnson Polk and his 
wife, Eliza (Tod) Polk were: 

(1) Martha F. Polk, b. October 15, lcS->4; d. July S, liUl. 

(2) William Tod Polk, b. Tanuarv 3, IS'^T; d. April 2i, 

(3) Ephraim Jehosephat Polk, b. January 16, lS->il ; d. 
June 17, 1896. 

(1) Jeft'erson B. Polk, b. March 3. 1831; d. February 5, 

(5) ^Margaret Grant Polk, b. March 7, 1833 ; d. unmarried, 
July 9, 1911. 

(6) John M. Polk, b. November 22, 1835; d. May 2, 1898. 

(7) Rosa F. Polk, b. September 5. 1839; d. May 23, 1888. 

(8) Thomas Jeft'erson Polk, b. March 17, 1812 ; d. January 
18, 1886. 

(9) Eliza Bell Polk, b. October 18, 1845; living at Perry- 
ville, unmarried. 

Dr. Jeft'erson J. Polk, b. ^^larch 10, 180-> ; d. at Perry ville. 
Ky., March 23. 1881. 

Eliza (Tod) Polk, his wife, d. April 13, 1867. 

The intermarriages and families of Dr. Jeft'erson J. Polk's 
sons and dauehters were as follows : 


Martha F. Polk, b. at Lexington, eldest child of Dr. Jef- 
ferson J. Polk, was married February 11, 1852, to Rev. William 
^^^ Duncan, teacher and Presbyterian minister. .Mr. Duncan 
was a graduate of Center College, Dan\ille, Ky. lie (illerl a 
number of pulpits in dift'erent parts of the State, and fnr a 
number of years conducted an academy at Taylorsvillc, Ken- 

The issue of their marriage was one child, IJla Mildred 
Duncan, b. November 10, 1852, who grew up to be a most 


lovable wtnnan and married Samuel il. W'akelield, of Xelson 
County. Mr. Wakefield died at Chattanooga, Tenn., May 6, 
1899, and Lila's father. Mr. Duncan, April 7, 1900. 

To S. H. Wakefield and his wife, Lila, were l)orn two 
children: ^Steel Duncan Wakefield, and -Tod W^akefield. 


Dr. Wm. Tod i'olk (eldest son and second child of Dr. 
Jefferson J. Polk), was b. at Lexington, Ky., January ;>, 1827. 
Before he had attained ttj his majority he commenced reading 
medicine under his father. He next took a course of lectures 
at the Medical College of Transylvania University, graduating 
therefrom in the class of 1848. He then settled in i)ractice 
with his father, at Perryville, continuing in ])artncrshii) until 
the latter retired in 1859, on account of failing health. He 
practiced at Perryville during a period of forty-two years, or 
until his death, and none had a rejjutation for higher profes- 
sional skill. 

Dr. William Tod Polk was twice married. First, on De- 
cember IS, IS.")!, to Miss Maggie A. Briscoe, of Boyle County, 
who d. June 2'-'). issi. Second, to Airs. Lou. Wliarton, of 
Danville. By the latter he had no issue. 

By his first wife Dr. Wm. Tod Polk had issue : 

(1) John B. Polk, b. December 2, 18.52; d. April (j, 1858. 

(2) Dr. Thomas P. Polk, b. September 15, 1855; d. . 

(3) Margaret H. Polk, 1). March i:'), 1862 ; living at Soo 
Chow, China. 

(4) Jefferson Polk, Vet. Surgeon ; b. 1864. 

Dr. Thomas Polk, the second son, after graduating in 
medicine, practiced for some time at Perryville with his father. 
He then moved to Kansas, establishing himself near Kansas 
City, where he died. He was twice married. His first wife 
was Miss Catharine Camp, of Boyle County, by whom he had 
issue : ^Paul Eve Polk, -Jennie Polk. By his second wife, 
Jennie Camp, sister of Catharine, he had : ^Ethel Polk, ^Fay 
Polk. Paul Eve died young. Ethel graduated at the Scarritt 
Bible and Training College, Kansas City. She next entered 
the Philadelphia Woman's Medical College, and after graduat- 

POLK F A M I L V A N D KI X S M E N 567 

ing in medicine went to China in September, 1912, as a Doctor- 
Missionary, to join her aunt ^Margaret Polk, who has charge 
of the large Methodist Hospital at Soo-Chow. 

It will be observed that she makes the fifth physician in 
her line, including her grand-father, Dr. Jefferson J. Polk. 



. Ephraim Jehosephat Polk, (son of Dr. Jefferson J- Polk), 
1). January Ki, lS-39, at Lexington, Kentucky; d. suddenly 
from heart trouble in his law office, June 17, IHOG, 
at Harrodsburg, Ky., where he had resided and practiced law 
for many years, with the exception of a few years residence 
at Louisville. While residing at Louisville he made a race for 
Congress, on the Prohibition ticket. 

After attending the schools of Perryville, Ephraim was 
a student at Center College and graduated therefrom. He then 
went to Georgetown and read law under his cousin, Marcellus 
Polk, a leading attorney at that bar. Locating at Harrods- 
burg, he was admitted to the Mercer County bar in 1858, and 
soon enjoyed a good practice. 

On Jan. lo, 1858, Ephraim J. Polk was united in marriage 
to Miss Mary Ellen Newton, only child ^f Mrs. Kitty Newton, 
and a member of one of the pioneer families of Kentucky. The 
young wife was a beautiful girl, whose personal charms were 
equalled only by her amiability and loveliness of character in 
every respect. 


(1) Martha Ferguson Polk, b. December 2, 1859. 

(2) Eliza Catharine Polk, b. August 21, 1861. 

(3 ) John Newton Polk, b. November 17, 1863. 

(4) Jefferson Johnson Polk, b. (3ctober 8, 1866. 

(5) Ella Polk, b. December 3, 1868. 

(6) Margaret Scott Polk, b. November 24, 1870. 

(7) William Goddard Polk, b. December 24, 1872. 
Martha, the eldest child, was married December 30, 1886, 

to Prof. Harry Asbury Evans, of Harrodsburg, Ky. After 
marriage Prof. Evans and wife went to Texas, establishing 
a female academy at Sulphur Springs. His wife, who was 



Louisville, Ky., son of Ephraini J. Polk. 





very proficient in mathematics, taught that department. While 
conducting this school, Prof. Evans died, August 15, 189S. 
They had no children. 2^Irs. Evans continued to conduct the 
school for some years after the death of her husband, then 
retiring and returning to Kentucky. She now resides at 

Eliza Katharine ('"Kitty") Polk (second child of E. J. and 
Mollie (Xewton) Polk), was married March K), 18.S2, to 
Leslie L Coleman, of Harrodsburg, a young man of the high- 
est character, and a fine business man. who for a numl)cr of 
years was engaged in the commission business at that place. 
Later he removed to Louisville, wdiere he was General Agent 
for several big coal mines of Tennessee, and from there to 
Knoxville, where he is now engaged in coal mining. 

Leslie L and Kitty Coleman had issue: 

(1) Alary Coleman, b. July 30. 18S;l 

(2) Julius Polk Coleman, b. June "2. ls,s.3. 

(3) Nellie Birnie Coleman, b. November 9, 1887. 

The latter graduated at the Semple Collegiate School, 
Louisville, in the class of 1905. 

John Newton Polk (third child of Ephraim J. Polk and 
Alary Ellen Newton), was married November 24, 188G, to Julia 
Phillips, of Lebanon, Kentucky, daughter of a prominent citi- 
zen and proprietor of the large Roller Mills at that place. John 
was en2:a2ed in commercial business for some time, but later 
purchased a farm near Salvisa, in Mercer County, where he 
lived until his death. 

To John Newton Polk and wife were born : 

(1) Elizabeth Seymour Polk, b. October 13, 188T ; d. No- 
vember 23, 1891. 

(2) George Latimer Polk, b. Alay , 1889. 

(3) Leslie Coleman Polk, b. December 30, 1892. 

(4) Ephraim John Polk, b. September 2, 189G. 

(5) Annie AlcChord Polk, b. August 21. 1899. 
Jefiferson Johnson Polk 2d, (fourth child and second s(;n 

of Ephraim J. and Alary Ellen Newton), was married January 
3, 1889, to Miss Louise Wheat, by whom he had is.sue: 

(1) Alary Lynn Polk, b. Alay IL 1890. 

(2) James Guthrie Polk, b. August 20. 189G. 

572 P O LK F A M I L Y A N D K I N S M E N 

(3) Emily Louise Polk, I). Xovember ;!(», 1808. 

(4) Charles Edward Polk, h. October IT, 1901. 

(5) Elizabeth Polk, b. September 6, 1892. 

Mary Lynn, the eldest, a lovely young woman, is instruc- 
tor in Expression and Physical Culture, at Louis\-ille, in con- 
nection witii a-^rominent Seminary. 

Ella Polk (fifth child of Ephraim J. and Mary Ellen 
(Newton) Polk), married Harry Crump Montgomery, of 
Louisville, October 19, lcSU->. At the time of their marriage, 
Mr. Montgomery had charge of one of the dei)artments of the 
large jewelry establishment of Win. Kendrick & Sons, and 
afterward became one of the lirm, with his wife's brother, 
William Goddard Polk, in the Southern Optical Company. 
They had issue : 

(1) Harry Polk Montgomery, 1). January 3, 1895. 

(8) Eugene Jefferson Montgomery, 1). March 'M, 1897. 

(3) Eleanor Montgomery, b. March \2, 1900. 

(4) Mary Catharine Montgomery, b. March 2(i, 1902. 
Margaret Scott Polk (sixth child of Ephraim J. and Mary 

Ellen (Newton) Polk), is unmarried. She is an accomplished 
artist and was for several years, art teacher at Margaret 
Hall, a female seminary at X'ersailles, Ky. 

William Goddard Polk (seventh and youngest child of 
Ephraim J. and ^lary Ellen (Newton) Polk), is unmarried. 
He is a prominent l)usiness man of Louisville, largely interest- 
ed in Kentucky and Tennessee mountain lands and coal mines, 
in which he has accumulated a handsome fortune. 

Margaret Grant Polk (fifth child of Dr. Jeflr'erson J. and 
Eliza (Tod) Polk), b. INIarch 7, 1833, never married. She 
lived, until her death, at the old homestead, in Perryville. For 
a number of years she was a teacher of mathematics in Godby 
■Institute, Perryville, and also in an Academy conducted at 
Taylorsville by her brother-in-law, Rev. William W. Duncan. 
She died July 8, 1911. Maggie, as she was called, was an 
amiable and highly educated woman and universally l^eloved. 

John AL Polk (sixth child of Dr. JelTerson J. and Eliza 

(Tod) Polk), after a good education emliarked in the dry 

goods business at Danville, and later at Harrodsburg. He 

married Miss Mary Tilford, of Danville, and going to Eliza- 

POL K F A M I LV A .V D K I X S M E X 573 

bethtown, Ky., during the 80"s. became cashier of a bank, and 
also a partner in same. After continuing in the banking busi- 
ness for some years, John AI. retired and removed in May 1887, 
to a farm near Clarksville, Tennessee, where he embarked in 
the Jersey cattle business, and died ^lay 2, 1898. 


The children of John M. and ^lary (Tilford) Polk were: 

(1) Tilford Polk, b. June 10. 1873 ; d. June 13, 1873. 

(2) John Proctor Polk, b. September 26, 1875; residence 
Xashville, Tenn. 

(3) Anna Tilford Polk. b. August 15, 1877; d. November 
30, 1877. 

(4) Minnie Tod Polk, b. December 13. 1886; living with 
mother at Mt. Pleasant, Tenn. 

John Proctor Polk, was for some time L. & X. R. R. Sta- 
tion Agent at Columbia. Tenn.. and later Chief Xight Opera- 
tor of that road at Xashville. He married at Columbia, No- 
vember 12, 1902, to ]\Iiss Anne Fleming, of that place. Issue: 

(1) John Proctor Polk, Jr.. b. September 18, 1904; d. July 
29, 1906. 

(2) Kate Polk, born August -1. 1907. 

Rosa F. Polk (seventh child of Dr. Jefferson J. and Eliza 
(Tod) Polk), b. September 5. 1839; d. May 23. 1888. Gentle 
of manner, sweet and amiable always, she was loved by every 
one who knew her. After an excellent academic education she 
engaged for some years as a teacher in Godby Institute, at 

On May 12, 1868, Rosa was married to George R. Latimer, 
a dry goods merchant of Perryville. who later was engaged in 
business at Kansas City, but returned to Kentucky and opened 
a dry goods store at Lebanon, wliere he now resides. X(j 

issue . 

Thomas Jefiferson Polk (eighth child of Dr. Jefferson J. 
and Eliza (Tod) Polk), b. March 17. 1842, d. January 18, 1886. 
After attending the local Academy, he matriculated at Center 
College, Danville, where he finished his education. lie then 
located at Harrodsburg and engaged in the dry goods busi- 


ness for some years. He next studied law at Harrodsburg 
with his brother Ephraim J. Polk and entered practice at that 
bar in partnership with him. Thomas was a most excellent 
man in every respect. 

On March Id, 1869, Thomas J. Polk was married to Aliss 
F. Alice Walker, daughter of Rev. Walker, a prominent min- 
ister of the Alethodist Conference of Kentucky. They had 
issue : 


(1) William Tod Polk, Jr., b. , 1871; d. June 9, 1888. 

(2) Edward B. Polk. b. about 1873 ; d. in Texas . 

(3) Rose Latimer Polk, b. about February, 1875, married 
Clarence Hancock and to them was born a son, Alarcus A. Han- 

(4) Anna Coleman Polk, b. . 

Eliza Belle Polk (ninth and youngest child of Dr. Jeffer- 
son J. and Eliza Tod Polk\ b. October 18, 18-15, in Boyle 
County, is unmarried and lives at the old homestead in Perry- 
ville. She received a fine academic education at Godl:)y In- 
stitute and is a woman of wit and intelligence. 

POLK FAMILY A N D K 1 .V ^^ .1/ £ A' 575 


Daniel Polk (seventh chikl antl fourth sun nl' I'.phraim 
3d, and Rhoda (Morris) Polk), was b. June "i."), isiU, at ihe 
old Polk plantation on Pain's Run, Scott County. Kentucky. 
He was drowned in Kentucky River, near Frankfort, Sept. KI. 
1862, while that city was occupied by the Confederate forces 
under General Kirby Smith. He had loaned his seine to a party 
of soldiers, who were tishing. It became hung on a snag and 
Daniel went into the river to loosen it. In this altem])t he 
became entangled in it, and being a large man he was dniwncd. 

On the day following Daniel Polk's death, and while all 
the family were absent attending his burial, the Confederate 
forces at Frankfort retreated across Kentucky Ri\er and uut 
toward Lawrenceburg, followed closely by (jeneral Sill's di- 
vision of Gen'l Buell's army. In this division were a nunibcr 
of new regiments of Federal troops that had joined riuell at 
Louisville, and who, with little training or discipline, com- 
mitted many outrageous depredations on the people of Ken- 
tucky, not stopping to inquire whether such citizens were 
loyal or disloyal. Following the retreating Confederates, and 
reaching the house of Daniel Polk while all the family were ab- 
sent at his funeral, a number of uniformed vandals l)rokc into 
the house, robbed it of all they could carry away and destroyed 

all else. 

Daniel Polk was twice married, fu^t. on Oct. C, ls-i!». to 
Sally Ann Tanner, (b. Jan. 24, 1812), daughter of David Tan- 
ner, of Cane Ridge, Bourbon County, Ky. She was a lirst 
cousin of Joel Tanner Hart, the noted American Sculptor, who 
died in Florence, Italy in 1877, where he had liver! an-I wrought 
for many years. His celebrated masterpiece, •'Woman Truim- 
phant," purchased by the ladies of Lexington for Sr,.00(i. was 
destroyed in the burning of the Fayette County Court I louse, 
May U, 1897. Joel's mother was a si^ter of Davi.l Tanner. 


Losing his parents when he was a child, he was adopted by 
his uncle David, and he and Sally Ann grew up together as 
foster brother and sister, until they were separated by her 
marriage to Daniel Polk. 


By his first wife, Sally Ann. Daniel Polk had issue: 

(1) Luvisa Polk, b. Oct. -11, is;5() ; d. Oct. -^G. 1837. 

(2) David Tanner Polk. b. Mar. 16, 1832 ; d. May 30, 190L 

(3) Rhoda Ann Polk, b. Dec. 15, 1833; d. Sept. 1, lOUl. 

(4) Thomas P. D. Polk, 1). Feb. 4, 18;^G ; residence, 

(5) Willis Webb Polk, b. May 12, 1838; d. Nov. 29, 190«. 

(6) Sardius Gilead Polk, b. Nov. 21, 1840; d. May '^^, 

(7) Mary Jane Polk, b. June 2(5, 1843; d. :\Iarch 29, 1875. 

(8) Margaret E. Polk, b. April 14, 1845 ; residence, Louis- 
ville, a widow. 

(9) Sarah C. ("Kitty") Polk, 1). Aug. 10, 1847; d. Dec. 13, 

(10) James K. Polk, b. March 27, 1850; residence, Louis- 

Sally Ann (Tanner) Polk dying on June 15, 1851, Dan- 
iel Polk married his second wife, Ann E. White, May 6, 1852. 

She was b. April 27, 1827, d. , 1912 at Frankfort. She w^as 

the daughter of Judge David W'hite, of Donerail District, 
Fayette County. 

By his second wife, Ann (W'hite) Polk, Daniel Polk had 
issue : 

(11) Charles L. Polk, b. Alarch 27, 1853; residence, Louis- 
ville. He married Bettie Sue Franklin. 

(12) John C. Breckinridge Polk, b. Aug. 3. 1854. 

(13) Luretta Polk, b. April 18, 1859; d. Jan. 25, 1872. 
After the death of Daniel Polk, his widow, Ann Polk mar- 
ried Thomas Dunlap. 


David Tanner Polk, second child and eldest son of Daniel 
Polk, was married ]May 12, 1858 to Elizabeth Guthrie, of Platte 


County, Mo., daughter of ^^^ A. Guthrie, a kinsman of lion. 
James Guthrie, of Louisville, Ky., Secretary of I'. S. Treas- 
ury, under President Pierce. She was b. Oct. li>, is I I, ami 
d. Aug. IS, 1901. They had issue: 

(1) Mary Polk, b. Nov. 30, 1S59 ; married Sept. 'I'l, issi). 
to Canby Hawkins, of Platte County, banker and farmer. Mr. 
Hawkins is a kinsman of Gen'l Canby, at one time a distin- 
guished officer of the United States Army. Also of Major 
Gen'l Hawkins, U. S. A. 

(2) Veva Polk, b. Oct. 20, ISGl ; d. Nov. 14. ISSl. 

(3) Eliphalet Polk, b. Nov. 24, 1863; d. Sept. 2(1. lS(il. 

(4) Ida Polk, b. Aug. 15, 1865; d. Feb. 24, ISTo. 

(5) David Tanner Polk Jr., b. July 20, ISTl ; married Xov. 
24, 1898 to Elnora Cox. 

(6) Lee Polk, b. Sept. 17, 1867; d. Feb. 22, 1870. 

Of the six children of David Tanner Polk, the only two 
surviving are Mary Hawkins and David Tanner Polk Jr., of 
Excelsior Springs, a prominant dental surgeon. 


Dr. David Tanner Polk Jr., (son of David Tanner IN 'Ik 
Sr.. and his wife Elizabeth Guthrie), was b. July 20, 1871, and 
married Nov. 24, 1898 to Elonora Cox, b. Sept. 22, 1877. They 
had issue: ^Graham Polk, b. Feb. 9, 1900; ^Elizabeth Jane 
Polk, b. Aug. 27, 1902; ^'Lucille Merideth Polk. b. Nov. 11. 
1904; 4Iris Lenore Polk, b. Oct. 15, 1S06. 

Dr. David Tanner Polk Jr.. resides at Excelsior Springs. 



Rhoda Ann Polk (third child and second daughter of 
Daniel Polk and Sally Ann (Tanner) Polki, l)orn Dec. 15. 
1833, was married Aug. 1, 1854 to James Tlar.lin K-dgers (b. 
Auo-. 11, 1832) a farmer of Franklin County. l)y wlioui <lie had 


(1) William Rodgers, b. June 23, 1855 ; d. .\pnl 2. 1S7H. 

(2) Eliza Rodgers, b. Jan. 28, 1858; living and unmarried. 

(3) James Rodgers, b. Xov. 25, 1859; d. Oct. 1, 1862. 


(4) Thomas J. Rodgers, b. Aug. 24, 1861; unmarried, liv- 
ing in South America. 

(5) Benjamin F. Rodgers, b. April 11, 1863. 

(6) Henry C. Rodgers, b. Nov. 19, 1865 ; unmarried, resi- 
dence, Louisville, Ky. 

(7) Hugh Allen Rodgers, b. Aug. T, isiis ; d. May 19, 1885. 

(8) Mary Latham Rodgers, b. June 28, 18T0; unmarried. 

(9) Hardin Rodgers, b. Feb. 8, 1872; unmarried, residence 
Louisville, Ky. 

(10) Sally Tanner Rodgers, b. Feb. 28, 1874; unmarried. 

(11) Elizabeth C. Rodgers, b. Oct. 21, 1876. 

(12) Forrest Rodgers, b. March 14, 1880; unmarried. 


Elizabeth C. Rodgers (generally called "Katie"), a very 
popular and handsome woman, was educated in the schools of 
Frankfort and engaged in teaching for several years. She then 
took a course in the Commercial College of Kentucky Uni- 
versity, at Lexington, graduating therefrom. During attend- 
ance at this college she met Charles Carter, of West Virginia, 
also a student of the same institution, and while she was in 
New York City on a visit, the young man went there and on 
Jan. 29, 1902, they were married at the home of Mrs. Carrie 
Tatum, a first cousin of her mother, ^.l^:. Carter engaged in 
business at Fairmont, West Virginia, where they resided for 
several years. They now reside at Pittsburgh, Pa. To them 
have been born four children, two of whom are dead and two 
living, George and an infant. 

Mr. Carter is a splendid man. He enlisted m the army, 
from West Virginia, during the Spanish-American War, and in 
a skirmish with the Philippinos was shot through one of his 
lungs. He crawled into a thick chapparel at the roadside 
and thereby escaped death, the bolomen rushing past him only 
a few feet away, in pursuit of the pickets they had driven in. 
After a stronger force of Americans had repulsed the enemy, 
Mr. Carter was rescued by his comrades and finally recovered 
and returned home, entering the college at Lexington. 



ROY RODGERS 2d, U. S. A., 
son of Ben F. Rodgers. 





Ben F. Rodgers (fifth child of Hardin Rodgers and Rhoda 
(Polk) Rodgers) was married Dec. 15, 18.S(). to Margaret 
Evans (b. Dec. -^6, 1,S69 ) of Henry County. Ky.. daughter of 
Lucian Evans. To them were born five children: 

(1) William Evans Rodgers, b. Sept. 21, 1887. 

(2) Roy Rodgers, b. May 6, 1889. 

(3) Eleanor Rodgers, b. April 22, 1890. 

(4) Aline Rodgers, b. Oct. 18, 1891. 

(5) Lillian Rodgers, b. July .5, 1893. 

^^'illiam E. Rodgers, eldest of the alcove, was married Feb. 
25, 1908, to Bessie Kavanaugh Bright, of Louisville, (b. Sept. 
30, 1888). They have two children, ^A\'m. Evans Rodgers Jr., 
b. Feb. 22, 1909; -Bernice, b. Dec. 29, 1912. \Vm. Evans 
Rodgers is a Civil Engineer in the employ of the Louisville & 
Nashville Railroad and resides at Louisville, Ky. Roy Rod- 
gers, the second son, is a member of Battery F, Second Field 
Artillery, U. S. A. 


Thomas P. D. Polk (fourth child of Daniel and Sally Ann 
(Tanner) Polk), was born Feb. 4, 183(i. On May 31. 1S57, 
he was married to Mary Eliza Pollock, of Jettersonvillc, In- 
diana. She was b. May 5, 1839 in Clark County, Indiana, and 
d. January 23, 1901. They had issue: 

(1) Charles Oscar Polk, b. July 22, 1858; d. Aug. 8. 1.S95. 

(2) Margaret Evaline Polk, b. March 7, I860: untraced. 

(3) William Daniel Polk, b. June 8, 18(i2 ; d. July (5, 1887. 
(-1:) Harriet Frances Polk, b. Nov. 24, 1865 ; married James 

Biggert; residence, Jeffersonville, Ind. 

(5) Xellie Polk, b. Feb. 14, 1868; married Forest Samp- 
son ; family untraced. 

(6) Laura Polk, b. April 5, 1870: married Oeorge Smith: 

family untraced. 

(7) John Polk, b. Feb. 12, 1872; drownetl July 2s, isss, 
while bathing in the Ohio River. 

Charles Oscar Polk married and had issue: 

582 POL K F A M I LY A i\ D K I N S M E A' 

(1) Viola Polk, b. Nov. 35, 18<S3. 

(2j Oscar Polk, b. , 1885; d. April li), 1S.S5. 

(3) Inez Polk, b , 1887 ; d. Sept. S, 1,S!)3. 

Thomas P. D. Polk and family reside at Indianapolis. 


Willis Wel)b I\.lk (Hfth child of Daniel and Sally Ann 
(Tanner) Polk), was h. May V2, 1838. on the farm in Scott 
County, Kentucky. He d. in Southern California, Xov. 30, 

When Willis was four years of age (18-L3) his father re- 
moved to A\'inchester, Kentucky, residing there six years, pur- 
suing his architectural business. He then returned to Scott 
County, buying a farm on Eagle Creek, near Muddy Ford. 
While living there, Sally Ann (Tanner) Polk, Daniel's wife, 
died and was l^uried in the family graveyard at the old Ephraim 
Polk place, a few miles distant. There the eldest child of Dan- 
iel, Luvisa, had also been buried, in Oct. 1837, beside her grand- 
parents, Ephraim 3d and Rhoda Ann Polk. 

In 1853 Daniel Polk sold his farm in Scott County and 
purchased one in Franklin County, lying on the Lawrenceburg 
pike, about a mile from Frankfort, and but a short distance 
from the present new State Capitol building. On Cedar Creek, 
which ran through the place, Daniel built a saw and grist mill. 

Here Daniel's family grew to maturity, and here he was 
living when he was drowned in 1863. Willis, who was very 
studious and a great reader, attended school in Frankfort, and 
was particularly fond of ancient history, art and literature. 

\\'illis left home, on Xew Years' Eve, 1856, and started for 
the West, assisting in driving stock to Sangamon County. 
Illinois, reaching his destination at Buffalo Heart Grove, Jan. 
1, 1857. After a few months sojourn in Sangamon County, 
Willis departed for Weston, ]\Io.. where his eldest brother, 
David Tanner Polk, had located some years before. 

On June 37, 1857, Willis reached Weston, where he en- 
gaged in contracting and building, meantime falling a victim 
to cupid's well-aimed darts. The fair one in the case was Miss 
Parthenia Frances Dye, sixth daughter of John Kenneth Dye, 



son of Daniel Polk. 



POLK F AM I L Y A N D K I N S M E N 585 

who had emigrated from ]\Iayslick, Kentucky, t.i Missouri a 
few years previous. She was born at ]\layslick Juh ;{(i. isiu. 
On CJct. in, LS.jS, Willis and Miss Dye were united in marriage. 
The children born to them were : 

(1 ) Annie Polk, b. Oct. — , is.^i) ; d. Dec. — , ISIiS. 

el) William Chinn Polk. b. Xov. -i:'). isiid; resides at Wes- 
ton ]Mo. William C. is a most excellent man and for a num- 
ber of years has been bookkeeper and cashier in a Weston 
bank. Pie married Sept. 16, 1S!)1, to Miss Minnie llillix, of 
^^'eston. a daughter of Wm. Walker llillix. formerly of Mid- 
way, Ky., and his wdfe Rebecca ( \\'hittington ) llillix. To 
them was born a daughter that died in infancy. Xov. 22, 1.S9.S. 

\\'illis W. Polk's wife died in ISGli, near Weston and not 
long after tlie l^irth of their second child. ( )n Jan. 1, isin, 
after the Civil War. Willis was again married, his second wife 
being the wddow Endemial Burch. nee Drane, of Kentucky. 
She was a daughter of Rev. J. T. Drane, a noted Baptist 
preacher and brother of Judge Drane of Frankfort. 

Willis A\'. Polk Sr., and his second wife had issue: 

(3) Willis \A'. Polk, Jr., b. Oct. 3, LSGT; residence. San 

(4) Daniel Polk. b. May 25. ISGD ; d. in l!»n!i. 

(5) Endemial Polk, b. Xov. 15, 18T2 : d. May 2(i. isiio. in 
Paris, France. 

(6) Daisey Polk, b. April 23. 1874; living in San Francisco. 

(7) Trusten Polk. b. Sept. IS, 1S7G; d. Xov. 2(). 1ST7. 
Mrs. Endemial Polk, d. in July l!>i»G. at P.lakely. Cal., and 

her husband, Willis W. Polk Sr., followed her to the grave not 
long after. Xov. 29. llXKi. 

Willis W. Polk Jr., was married at San Franci^co to Mrs. 
Christine Aloore. nee Barada a Spanish lady and niece of the 
wife of President Diaz, of Mexico. They have no issue. 

Daniel Polk, brother of Willis, was married Dec. 25. is'.i; 
in Brooklvn. Xew York, to ^liss Alice Grimm, of Topton. I 'a. 
He died m Xew York City in 1!mi:i. 'i'hey had a daughter. 
Endemial. Daniel was also an architect, his specialty being 
classic work and interior decoration. Me was also a noted 
muscian. playing numerous instrumets. 

Miss Daisey Polk, sister of Willie and Daniel, is a han.l- 


some woman, and also a fine musician, playing on the violin 
with remarkable skill. She was a pupil while in Italy of 
Caesar Thompson and other noted violin teachers. 

Prompted by the artistic inclinations of his children, while 
residing- at St. Louis, A\'illis A\'. I'olk Sr., took his family to 
Europe in order to give them the best advantages in art and 
music culture, spending al)out seven years there. After a 
short residence in London he went to Rome and finally lo- 
cated at Florence, the great art center, where his sons could 
study the classic styles of architecture, and the daughters pur- 
sue their studies in music. Llere the eldest daughter, Endie, 
at the age of eighteen became known as a young woman of 
extraordinary musical talent, her voice being conceded the 
equal of that of Patti or any other great singer, according to 
statements of her teachers. She was the idol of her parents 
and family. A date was fixed for her debut in grand opera, 
at Paris, France. She was heralded l)y critics and the press 
as "a coming great prima donna." 

But, alas ! the fond hopes of her devoted family were 
doomed to disappointment. A few days before her intended 
debut the Angel of Death waved his dark wand over the happy, 
expectant ones of Willis Polk's household, and the voice of the 
beautiful and idolized daughter was stilled forever. She died 
in Paris, France. May 20, 1890, from a sudden attack of appen- 
dicitis. Crushed and sorrowing, her father and family re- 
turned to the L'nited States the following year, going to San 
Francisco and erecting on a hill overlooking the sea a beauti- 
ful residence which was destroyed by the great earthquake. 

During his residence in St. Louis, Willis W. Polk, Sr., 
was President of the Mechanics Exchange. In the early 80's 
he was a candidate for Congress, being defeated by Thomas 
Allen. Referring to his death, the St. Louis Globe-Democrat 
of Dec. 1, liMHi, paid him a flattering triljute as a man of high 
intelligence and decided talents. 

Of the Civil War record of AVillis W. Polk, lack of space 
prevents a full account. Like his father, AMllis was a strong 
Southern man and decided to follow the Stars and Bars. He 
joined a company of the Missouri State Guard, and was with 
General Sterling Price at the battle of Lexington, where 


the Federal troops under Col. ]^Iulligan surrendered.  Several 
months later he entered the regular Confederate service as a 
member of Company K., Third Missouri Volunteers, and was 
appointed Second Sergeant of the Company. At the battle 
of Pea Ridge, a Federal bullet gave Willis a scalp wound and 
his comrades jokingly told him the missile would have killed 
him, but it happened to strike a "Hard-Shell'" Baptist, which 
religious faith he professed. He was one of a small force that 
captured a Union battery at Elkhorn Tavern, together with a 
big supply of Commissary stores. He was in all the battles of 
General Price's command — Farmington, luka, Corinth, and 
others. At luka a stalwart Federal knocked him senseless 
with the butt of a gun. believing he had killed him. lUit Willi- 
revived and escaped capture. After the war was ended. Willis 
settled at Lexington, Ky., in the business of architect, later 
going to Hot Springs, Arkansas, and afterwards locating in 
San Francisco. 


Sardius Gilead Polk (sixth child of Daniel and Sally Ann 
(Tanner) Polk), was b. Xov. 21, 1840 near Xewtown, Scott 
County, Kentucky, and died at Plattsburg. :\Io., May U, 1SS2. 
As he grew to manhood. Sardius divided his time between 
farming and managing the mill, which was chiefly employed 
in the production of lumber. He also attended school at 
Frankfort during the fall and winter months. In 1858 he also 
decided to emigrate to the \\'est and went to Weston, i Matte 
County, Missouri, where his elder brother. David Tanner Polk, 
had settled some years before. 

Sardius engaged for some time in contracting and buildmg 
and afterward located in Fort Scott, Kansas, where he formed 
a partnership with a man named Grant and continued the same 
line of business with marked success. During the Civil War 
he was connected for a time with the U. S. Quartermaster's 
Department. After the war he resumed contracting, which 
bu-ine-^ he continued until his death. On Feb. 28, 1805, Sar- 
dius was married at Salem, Nebraska, to Miss Xancy Russell 
(b. Oct. 29, 1843). He was a prominent Odd Fellow, and >ev- 

588 POL K F A M 1 LV AND K I N S M E N 

eral times State Representative of that order at its annual con- 

The children of Sardus G. and Xancy (Russellj Polk 
were : 

(1) Carrie Polk, b. Dec. 27, 1865. 

(2) Mary Ann Polk. b. Feb. 29, lS(nS. 
(8) Oscar Polk. b. ^larch 2, 1870. 

(4) John Edward Polk, b. Dec. 8, 1872; d. Feb. 15, 1873. 

(5) Jessie, b. , married Edward Zink. 

(6) Frank Polk, 1). . 


Carrie Polk, the eldest child, married John Oliver Johnson, 
of Erskin, Clinton County, AIo. They have two sons, Ellis 
and Oliver. Alary Ann married George Ellenberger, a Dunker 
preacher, of Turney, Clinton County, Mo., and they have a 
numl^er of children. They now reside at Peru Nebraska. 

Jessie, the third daughter, married Edward Zink. They 
have n() children. Air. Zink is a railroad station agent and 
telegraph operator in Nebraska. 


James Knox Polk, b. Alarch 27, ls5() (tenth and youngest 
child of Daniel and Sally Ann (Tanner)' Polk), was twice mar- 
ried. His first wife was Mattie Dicks, who d. Alarch 4, 1874. 
By her he had one child, Sardius, b. Oct. 11, 1873. His sec- 
ond wife was Mrs. xAlice Howard, of PTica, Ind., by whom he 
had four children, viz: ^Maud Ellis Polk. b. July 4, 1S85 ; 
=^George Howard Polk. b. Jan. 12, 1887; ^Mary Durbin Polk, b. 
June 4, 1881); -^James Orville Polk, b. Dec. Ki. 1891. The fam- 
ily all reside in Louisville. 


Alice Everett Anderson, daughter of John H. and Sarah 
Catharine (Polk) Anderson, b. Oct. 7, 18G8 at Jefifersonville, 
ind., married Aug. l(i, 1890, Joseph V. Zartman and they had 


issue: ^Joseph Zartman, 1). Sept. 2^), 189-1; -i'aul Zartnian. 1). 
, 1903 ; ^Joseph Zartman, b. Feb. 21. 1905. 

Clarence Crawford Anderson, son of John 11. and Sarah 
Catharine (Polk) Anderson. 1). April 22, 18T1, at Jeffersonville. 
Ind.. married March 23, 1892, Annie ]McMann, and they had 
issue: ^Ralph Clarence Anderson, b. September lo. 189;}; 
-Myrtle Marie Anderson, b. August 1. 1896; •''Clarence .\nder- 
son, b. July 28, 1899; ^Frank Anderson, 1). August 24. limi. 

Arthur Field Anderson, son of John H. and Sarah Cath- 
arine ( Polk) Anderson, b. September 19, 18'('3, at Jeffersonville. 
Ind., married March 11, 1896, Caroline ^^lagdalena Kunkel, and 
they had issue : ^]\Iildred Louise Kunkel, b. February 24. 18!»9 ; 
-'Edward John Kunkel. b. March 26, 1901; ^Dorothy Anna 
Kunkel. b. Dec. 24, 1904. 

Laura Maud Anderson, daughter of John II. and Sarah 
Catharine (Polk) Anderson, b. February 21. 1875, at Jeft'er- 
sonville, Ind.. married January 31. 1901, Oliver P. Morten 

Estella Blanche Anderson, daughter of John 11. and Sarah 
Catharine (Polk) Anderson, b. March 31. 1878, d. May 13. 

Ellis Ezra Anderson, son of John H. and Sarah Catharine 
(Polk) Anderson, b. March 6, 1884, at Jeffersonville, Ind.. 
not married. 

Charles L. Polk, son of Daniel Polk and his second wife, 
Ann (White) Polk, was born :\Iarch 27. 18r);}. He married 
:\Irs. Bettie Sue Duke, nee Franklin, who died suddenly De- 
cember 25, 1908. 

John Breckinridge Polk (youngest son of Daniel Polk 
by his second wife. Ann (White) Polk, was twice married. 
His first wife was Fannie Watts, of Woodford County, whom 
he married December 5, 18T8. By her he had one child. Hen- 
rietta Polk. b. December 25, 1879, d. March 28. 188L Fannie 
(Watts) Polk died February 12. 1891, and on February Ki. 
1892. John Breckinridge Polk was married to Susan (^od- 
sey. of Hazel Green, Ky. John resides at Frankfort. Kentucky. 

Margaret E. (Maggie) Polk. b. Apri' 11, is 15. (eighth 
child of Daniel and Sally Ann (Tanner) Polk), married Henry 
Pollock, a widower, of Jeffersonville, Indiana, who wa- b. 



Feb. 27, 1835 and d. Feb. 28, 19(»;>. They had no issue. She 
lives at Louisville. 

Sarah Catharine (Kitty) Polk (ninth child of Daniel and 
Sally Ann (Tanner) Polk), was b. Aug. 10, 1847 and d. Dec. 
13, 1891, at Indianapolis. She married March 21, 18()(;, John 
H. Anderson, of Jeffersonville, Ind. He was b. Sept. 18, 1842, 
and d. Jan. 10, 1901. They had issue: Mlarry E. ; -Alice E. ; 
^Clarence C. ; ^Arthur P.; "'Laura AI. ; "Estelle P..; "Ellis E.