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POLLEN 




n.c 





RV 



LONDON : PRINTED BY 

SPOTTISWOODE AND CO., NEW-STREET SQUARE 
AND PARLIAMENT STREET 



POLLEN 



BY 



M. PAKENHAM EDGEWOETH, F.L.S. F.A.S. 



ILLUSTRATED WITH 438 FIGURES 




LONDON 
HARDWICKE & BOGKJE, 192 PICCADILLY 

1877 



v . 













PREFACE. 



LAST YEAR I laid before the Linnsean Society a Paper on 
Pollen, with drawings of the various kinds. But it having 
been brought to my notice that several German botanists 
had written on the subject of late years, and also that HASSALL 
had published an important paper on it, I withdrew mine 
from before the Society. 

Since then I have altered it considerably ; having added 
new matter, and omitted from the plates what had been 
figured previously by HASSALL and KOMANOFF, except where 
I differed from them. 

I also take notice of the drawings by Mr. WORTHINGTON 
SMITH, which were published by him after my paper had been 
laid before the Society ; and have added to the list all that 
have been figured and noticed by former botanists on the 
subject ; so that it may be viewed immediately in detail. 

I trust that, thus altered, this paper may prove a not 
unimportant addition to our knowledge of the subject. 



POLLEN. 



Two years ago Mr. Airey published some interesting facts 
about the dust collected on smeared plates of glass, and 
mentioned that some of the dust was pollen. I began ac- 
cordingly to enquire into the forms of pollen likely to be 
found in such places, and from this went on to discover all 
that I could about pollen. I had many years ago drawn a 
number of specimens, but I now took to examining them 
more closely, and drawing them to scale. 

The principal papers already published on this subject 
are by 

1. Purjinke, in Latin. His illustrations of the cells of 

the anther are very interesting, but unfortunately, 
the pollens drawn have been treated with water, so 
as to lose most of their distinguishing marks. 

2. By Mirbel, in French. Accurate as far as they go, 

but on too small a scale. ( f Siemens de Physiologic 
vegetale,' 1815.) 

3. By Fritzsche, in German (1832). Most beautifully 

drawn both in the simple form and under oil, and 
under the effects of weak sulphuric acid. He 
examined almost all the natural families. 

4. By Hugo Mohl, in German, translated into French in 

the 'Annales des Sciences Naturelles.' He goes 
most thoroughly through all the families in the 
natural state of the pollens, or as they appear under 
olive oil or water ; drawn to scale. I have followed 
in his footsteps ; and now I wish to point out a few 
inaccuracies into which he has fallen, and to carry 
on the examination of the other plants. 

5. Hassall reviewed Mohl, showing some differences, and 

B 



2 POLLEN. 

going through all the natural families in detail, with 
numerous plates drawn to scale, and published in 
the 'Annals of Nat. Hist.' 1842, vol. viii. ix. 

6. Lindley published figures of pollen after some of the 

above authors ; and 

7. A further republication of them in the 6 Micrographical 

Dictionary.' 

8. Since that time Herman Schacht has published some 

beautiful drawings in the ' Jahrbuch der Botanik,' 
Berlin, 1860, ii. p. 109. I agree very much with 
what he has published, except about the Pinus 
family, of which his descriptions differ from what I 
have observed, and from the drawings of Mohl, and 
Hassall, and Dr. Hooker. 

9. Nagilihas also a paper in the same publication, vol. iii. 

Eosanoff has a paper in the same publication (1865), 
vii. p. 34, principally on the pollen of the Acaciae. 

10. Leursen, in vol. vii. p. 34 of the same publication, 
reviews a paper by 

11. M. Pollenden, Bonn, 1867; 

12. A paper by Mr. A. W. Bennett in the 'Popular 

Science Eeview,' April, 1875 ; and lastly, 

13. Some woodcuts by Mr. Worthington Smith in the 
6 Gardener's Chronicle ' in October last ; republished 
in the 'Microscopical Journal,' January, 1877. 

The pollen forms are often noticed by Dr. Hooker in his 
large works, and also by some foreign botanists in the 
Brazil Flora. 

It is remarkable, that while in some families the species 
vary greatly, in others they are almost always the same. 
Some may therefore be considered normal ; others as having 
only a specific value. The different size of the grains is 
also marvellous : some very large, and visible to the naked 
eye, as in Stachytarpheta, the Malvaceae, Cobsea, Pan- 
cratium, and some species of Iris, reaching as much as ^ th 
of an inch; while others, as many Boraginese, Primulacese, Me- 
lastomacese, and Saxifragese, are as small as g 00 ths of an 
inch. In colour also they are very various, but usually some 
shade of yellow or white; but I have observed blue, red, 
brown, or rarely green, which has been denied by Lindley. 



POLLEN. 3 

Mr. Bennett would divide the pollen into those which are 
wind-borne, or anemophilous, and those which are not so 
scattered, or entomophilous ; but the grains are by no means 
all globular, as he there asserts. The Graminese and Cyperaceae 
are usually prismatic. The Populus has globular pollen, 
while the Salix, in the same family, is somewhat cylindric, as 
is that of Rheum, which is probably anemophilous, and the 
dioecious Rumices, with three slifcs. 

Plantago, which appears to be also anemophilous, varies 
from a polyhedric to the simple form, while the wind-borne 
pollen of the Coniferse is very different. 

The Urticse are very small and elliptic, with three slits, 
withering into a prismatic form. 

The Grasses and Cyperacese, and perhaps the Plantaginese, 
are without the sticky nature of the outer coat, which obtains 
through all other pollen grains. 

Some grains throw out a quantity of tubes, by which they 
are hung together, as in Richardia cegyptiaca, Strelitzia 
regina, and the Rhododendron, &c., but more usually they are 
quite distinct. I omit any account of the peculiar pollen of 
the Asclepiadese and Orchidese, which have not common 
loose grains of pollen, but joined together in a coherent mass. 
I also do not intend to make any remarks as to the struc- 
tural nature and function of the fovilla and the pollen grains. 

I have found but three or four instances in which the 
same anther produces two or three forms of pollen ; usually 
they are all similar, often with some small or imperfect 
grains ; but in the Mimulus luteus I have found the simple 
form, common in the Scrophulariacese, mixed with the coiled 
form, which H. Mohl pointed out in the Mimulus moschatus. 
[ have not been able to find this coiled form myself in the 
latter, and Mr. W. Smith considers it an error of H. Mohl's ; 
but in this he is doubtless mistaken, for I have found it in 
the next species, M. luteus (No. 138). I have also found many 
forms of pollen in the Browallia elata (No. 146), in the same 
anther, but not in the coiled form ; and H. Mohl mentions 
others also which I have not had the opportunities of 
examining. 

I find also two forms in Thalictrum flavum and glaucum 
(Nos. 429-432), probably also in Ranunculus auricomus, as 
remarked by Hassall and myself in the Anisogeisos. 
B 2 



4 POLLEN. 

The simplest form is a bag with one slit, from which the 
fovilla escapes, then opening out into a hat-shape, like many 
of the Liliacese and Amaryllidese. 

A similar form is seen in the Magnolia and Nuphar a 
simple slit. It is curious that the simplest pollen should be 
found in one of the most ornate and largest of flowers ! 

This simple form is often found with ornate markings on 
the outside, in the Liliacese, for instance. 

The next simplest form looks at first the same, but on 
examination it is found to contain three slits or three bands, 
the bands more or less broad. When floating in olive oil, so 
that all the sides of the grain are shown, the end is usually 
somewhat three-cornered, being the ends of the three slits 
or bands. This is universal, as far as I have seen, in the 
Saxifragese and Crassulacese, and almost universal in the 
Rosacese (the Poteriese (Nos. 286-7) and Spiraea palmata 
(No. 285) are the only exceptions I have seen. Hassall men- 
tions another form with four slits in Rubus, but what I have 
examined had the usual simple form) the Scrophulariacese, 
with the exception of Mimulus, which has three forms, and 
Browallia, which has many forms ; most of the Solanacese, 
and all that I have examined of the Melastomacese, are 
similar, but are the smallest I have seen of this form. It is 
found in many other families, in which, however, there are 
also other forms ; as in some Ranunculacese and Sapindacese, 
and in Spergularia rubra (No. 360) alone of the Caryophylla- 
cese. The Primulacese have usually three slits, and when 
seen end up the pollen looks trigonous ; but in some cases 
they have four or six slits, as remarked by Mr. A. W. Bennett 
in the ' Nat. Science Review' of 1875. P. cortusoides (No. 
189) is both simple or trigonous, as I have examined, and as 
described by Mohl. Mohl and Hassall both describe the pollen 
of the Graminese as sub-globular, with one pore ; but I have 
examined numerous specimens, and find it (with the exception 
of the Panicese, of which I have but seen two) always 
of one peculiar type of a somewhat prismatic form, with 
rounded ends, larger at the top, and smaller at the bottom ; 
while there are four sides with an oval or round opening in 
them, occasionally 3-sided, 5-sided, 6-sided (No. 104). Mirbel 
describes the Phleum as I have observed it. Mr. A. W. 
Bennett describes this form in Briza, but says the Dactylis is 



POLLEN. 5 

oval ; but I think he cannot have floated it in oil, or he would 
have seen the same form as in Briza. I fancy that Mohl and 
Hassall chanced merely to see the upper side. 

Arundinaria, Lagurus, and Pogonatherum have a 6-sided 
prism, as represented by Mr. W. Smith. The only Panicum 
I have examined is P. plicatum (No. 5), which is quite dif- 
ferent from any of the other Graminese, being globular with 
three pores ; and there is something of the same kind in 
Streptium, a S. American genus of the same sub-order. The 
Cyperacese have two forms one like a drop of water (in 
Cladiurn and Scirpus) ; in Carex it is somewhat prismatic, 
with a pore in each facet, which is the form of the Juncacese. 
Drimopsis in that family is peculiar, like a tooth, a deformed 
crystal of the Carex type (No. 23). 

To return to the more banded forms. The Papilionaceae 
have generally three broad bands; when seen endwise the 
pollen looks trigonous (the Erythrina and Indigofera have 
really a trigonous form, not cylindrical). Some are broader 
than others, but of a similar type, which obtains also more 
or less among the Csesalpiniese, with the exception of the 
Bauhinia, which is of a very different type, large and spheri- 
cal, and echinulate, or large and trigonous. The Acaciese are 
(with the exception of Mimosa pudica and in a few species) 
composed of nine to twelve or sixteen cells, in squares or pyra- 
mids, or cubical arrangement. The Cruciferse have also three 
bands, smooth or rough, usually containing much oil, which 
is diffused in the olive oil. Schizopetalus is rougher, very 
richly marked, with no distinct slits (No. 385). Mr. Bennett 
has remarked the globular form of Pringlia, but it is possible 
this form has been assumed after being examined under 
water, or having been preserved in spirit. The Apocynacese, 
Jasrninese, and Kutacese, in general are 3-banded, often with 
rich ornamentation on the outer coat, and containing much 
oil, which is diffused in olive oil, as is also the case with the 
very oily Tiliacese. Adenandra fragans, in Rutacese (No. 
315) has two forms, one slightly curved, the other having an 
additional coat across the lower one : this is also found in 
the Umbelliferse, which have also three slits, but are gene- 
rally constricted in the centre. There are several forms of 
trigonous pollen. The Myrtacese, as far as I have observed, 
are all the same ; the Proteacese (except Banksia, which has 



6 POLLEN. 

two instead of three pores at each end) ; many of the Ver- 
benace83, as Verbena (No. 105) and Lippia ; while Stachy- 
tarpheta is of large size (j^thof an inch), with its three pores, 
containing large craters, figured by Fritzsche and Hassall. 

The Hydrophyllacese, and most of the Cucurbitacese, 
finally, the very large Onagracese, which are well known and 
described, also are trigonous, but in that family some of the 
Fuchsias (F. thymifoUum) have but two pores, like Banksia ; 
and Epilobium roseum is compound, as described by Hassall. 
The Dianella, Stypandra in Aspariginea3, are also trigonous, 
but in a very different nature, having a single cell with the 
slit, so as to make a cocked-hat form, not with a pore in each 
facet, as is the case in true trigonous pollen. 

Many have polyhedric pollens, each part having a pore, 
sometimes smooth, sometimes echinate, as many Polygona, 
the Caryophyllacese, Amaranthacese, Chenopodiacese, and 
Alisma (No. 31). Many are globular ; some simple, as 
Canna (No. 46), Costus, Musa (No. 45), Strelitzia ; some 
smooth, some echinate, as Crocus* (No. 38), and Philesia 
(No. 15), which are richly echinate, and the Potomagetons. 
Some of the Nymphacese are echinate, as Nelumbium (Nos. 
400-403) and the British species of Nymphsea, but the foreign 
are simply 3-banded (Nos. 401-2). The Passiflorese, with large 
pores, are beautifully portrayed by Fritzsche. The most 
ornate are among the Synanthereee, most of which are poly- 
hedric or echinate, oval or globular, with tnree or more pores 
in them ; a few are 3-slitted, as Artemisia (No. 213), and some 
Centaurese .(No. 218), and the Mutisacese (No. 209). 

The Malvacese have large pollen, and many of the Con- 
volvulacese; Cobsea and Mirabilis are among the largest I 
know, and Cucurbita is one of the most beautiful (figured by 
Fritzsche and Hassall and Pollenden, and well drawn by 
Bauer, in the British Museum). 

Some of the Clerodendrons are globular, others nearly 
square. Some of the Caprifolaciacese and Kubiacese are 
globular ; but they have many other forms, some large, some 

* In the genus Crocus, which always is globular, some species are quite 
smooth and shining, others more or less echinulate ; while in C. mcesiavus, 
according to Mohl, and in C. nivalis, the outer coat is spiral j but it disappears 
in water, the extine being thus invisible. 



POLLEN. 7 

very minute. Diphylleia in the Berberidese is echinate, while 
the greater part of that family is smooth and globular; 
others (Epimedium) have three bands; many others in the 
Malpighiacese are globular, with pores on the equator, or 
variously disposed. 

Similarly in the large genus Eanunculus. R. arvensis (No. 
425) alone is echinate ; most of that species have three bands, 
while many of the Anemone have also three slits or bands ; 
A. coronaria (No. 424) is dodecahedric, and A. pavonina (No. 
425) is dodecahedric, and has rough globes, not however echi- 
nate. Many of the Dipsacacese are also sub- globular, but some 
have fantastic forms: the Morina is like a spigot (given by 
Mohl, and observed by myself in Indian specimens). 

Some of the true Campanulacese have pollen covered 
with small echinations, which disappear in oil; others are 
smooth, while the Lobeliacese are all small, with three slits. 
In the sub-order of Epacridese, Styphilese is echinate, while 
the true Epacris has compound pollen like the Ericaceae. 
The true Geraniese sub-order is large, rough, or sub-echinate, 
and the Viviana is similar, but smaller. The Tropseolum 
has usually three bands, which assume a trigonous form 
when seen endwise, as figured by Pollenden ; but one species, 
Tropceolum tricolor, is very different (No. 327), a curved 
narrow form, not very far from the peculiar crescent shape of 
Limnanthes (Nos. 329, 330) ; another species of Limnanthes is 
figured by Hassall, somewhat similar, but echinate. Balsa- 
minese are somewhat oblong, with three bands or little pores, 
and the Oxalidese are usually globular or oblong, smooth or 
rough. 

The Boraginese generally have the pollen in the form of 
a dumb-bell, but some are of the more common 3-slitted 
form, or oval. The Polygalese have a peculiar form ; in the 
natural state oval with narrow bands. When made more 
visible by olive oil they show a beautiful form like a wicker- 
work basket, varying slightly in the different species. Some 
of the other genera are not similar, but of a simple form 
(Nos. 367, 368, 369, 380). 

The Papaveracese have many forms, some simple, some 
globular ; some of the Fumariacese are very peculiar, cubical, 
with large pores (Fumaria officinalis), figured by Hassall. 

The Violacese, as remarked by Mr. Bennett, are penta- 



8 POLLEN. 

gonal, having five bands (four in Hassall's drawing) ; while 
F. odora (No. 375) and comuta (No. 376) have three small slits. 
A garden hybrid between F. tricolor (No. 370) and F. cornuta, 
called Perfection (No. 377), shows some of the characteristics 
of both parents. This is very remarkable, as Mr. Worthington 
Smith has pointed out that it is impossible to cross species 
which have different pollens ; but this does not seem to be 
the case at any rate. No doubt the subject will be carefully 
examined by hybridists, to whom it is most important. 
The Pinus and Abies (No. 37) have a very peculiar form ; 
two grains of pollen connected as it were by a broad band. 
This is distinctly shown by Mohl or Hassall, and confirmed 
by my own observations. I mention this as Schacht describes 
them differently, and I cannot but believe him mistaken. 
Dr. Hooker describes some in his Tasmanian Flora somewhat 
similar, but with three instead of two grains of pollen. 

Other Gymnosperms are quite different, sub-globular, 
with four coats ; in water or acid they burst at one side with 
a large opening. Some are quite simple, as Ephedra, or the 
Cycadese (No. 47). 

We have, further, several compound pollens, three or four 
cells united into one, as in Ericaceae (with the exception of 
Clethra, which has the common 3-slit form), Epacris, Randia 
longiflora, and a few other Rubiacese. Epilobium roseum 
in Onagracese, Salpiglossis atropurpurea in Solanaceae, and 
Lechenaultia in the Goodeniacese, mentioned by Hassall, 
are also fourfold. We also find some in groups of four, but 
not so completely united ; as in Beschorneria, and a specimen 
of Fourcroya, mentioned by Schacht. The other Agaves I 
have examined are simple. Typha (No. 26), Cytinus (No. 
57), are also 4-celled. The Acaciese are many-celled, nine 
to sixteen cells united in cubical or sub-trigonous forms. 
The Acanthacese are perhaps the most beautiful of all, in 
many forms : some in a peculiar coil, which can be unwound ; 
some in an oblong coil ; some not coiled, but richly marked ; 
some spherical (No. 108-127, P. vii. viii. xix.) ; examined in the 
i-inch objective, occasionally in the 8th objective. 

I here offer my thanks to Dr. Hooker for allowing me to 
collect pollen in the Kew Gardens, and to Mr. Oliver for 
permission to collect it on some dried specimens, and to 
Dr. Murie for his valuable assistance. 



POLLEN. 9 

The accompanying list of plants shows those of which 
the pollen has been described. Those marked with an aste- 
risk I have myself examined and measured. Opposite the 

name of the plant is the size 60 00 ths of an inch, measured 
by the micrometer. 

The authors who have examined pollen are : 

Purjinke (P.), in Latin. 

Mohl (M.), the first No. in the German edition, the second from 

the French translation in the ' Annales des Sciences Naturelles.' 
Fritzsche (F.), in German. 

Schacht (Sch.), t Jahrbuch Bot./ Berlin, ii., in German. 
Nagili (N.), ib. iii. 
Romanoff (R.), ib. vii. 
Pollenden (Pol.), Bonn. 
Leursen (L.), in ( Jahrbuch Bot.,' Berlin, vii. 
A. Bennett (B.), in the ' Science Review.' 
Worthington Smith, in the ' Gardeners' Chronicle ' (re-published in 

' Microscopical Journal '). WS. 
Hassall, in ' Annals of Nat. Hist.' ix. 1834. H. 
* Micrographical Diet.' (M. D.) 
Lindley, in ' Introduction to Botany ' (Lind.). 
Dr. Hooker, in < Sikhim and New Zealand ' (H. f.).. 
Decaisne, in the ' Bruxelles Academic,' t. xiii. 1837. 

The drawings in these plates are all done to scale j^th of 
an inch=th or th of life size. 



EXOGENS. 

GKA.HINE.ZE. According to Mohl, they are 'oval, shining, not viscous, 
finely grained, with a punctiform pore and a narrow halo.' Hassall 
says, ' granules separate, circular at first, but on the emission of a 
single pollen tube, with which each grain is furnished, generally be- 
coming ovoid.' Fritzsche describes the pollen as having a valve to the 
pore. I find them somewhat prismatic, tapering at both ends, rounded, 
one smaller than the other, without viscidity. I have been unable 
to detect the pore. I have examined many species, but find only 
three which are not prismatic, which are the only species of the 
Paniceae which I have examined. The pollen flies off so rapidly on 
the opening of the anthers, that we must secure the pollen as the 
anthers open. 

Oryzeee. 

*0ryza sativa, 6. 
Zizania aquatica. H. 

Phalarideee. 

*Zea Mays, 20. 23. M. 
*0oix Lachryma, 15. 
*Sorghum saccharatum, 11. M. 
*Holcus mollis, 7. 
*Phalaris canariensis, 7. M. 
picta. P. 1. 12. 



10 POLLEN. 

Phalaridece contd . 

Phleum nodosum. Mir. xxxi. 36. 
*Alopecurus pratensis, 10. F. 
* arvensis, 7. 

geniculatus. F. 

nigricans. F. 

Colobachne vaginata. F. 

PanicecB 

Panicum palmifolium. H. 

* plicatum, 7. 8. 

*Streptium floribundum, 6. 
Milium vernale. F. 



Agrostis stolonifera. P. i. 11. 

Polypogon, sp. H. 
Arundinece. 

Arundo littorea. H. 

Phraginites communis. M. H. 
CMoridece. 

Spartina juncea. H. 

cynosuroides. H. 

Avenece. 

Avena fatua. H. 
* sativa, 8. 

latifolia. P. 1. 17. 

subspicata. F. 

Aira vaginata. H. 

* ceespitosa, 5. 

*Anthoxanthus odoratus, 10. F. 
*Lagurus ovatus, 7. 8. 
Festucece. 

Broinus erectus. P. 1. 46. 

Melica altissima. P. 1. 15. 

Sesleria elongata. H. 

Poa fertilis. H. 

* pratensis, 5. 

* annua. B. cxix. 8. F. 

alpestris. F. 

Festuca pallens. P. 14. 

* ovina, 6. 7. 

elatior. M. 

*Dactylis glomerata, 6. M. vii. ix. 29. B. cxix. 10. F. 

abbreviata. H. 

csespitosa. H. Ant. cxxxvii. 

*Arundinaria falcata, 9. WS. 53. 

Hordece. 

*Triticum sestivale, 12. 

hybernum. H. 

rigidum. H. 

Spelta. M. 

*Lollium perenne. H. 

-^Egilops squarrosa. M. 
Elymus strictus. H. 

sabulosus. P. 10. H. Sch. iv. 14. 

Andropogon furcatus. H. 

strictus. M. 

*Pogonatherum, 9. 

Saccharum omcinale. Sch. xvhi. 20. 



POLLEN. 1 1 

CYPERACE^. According to Mohl, drop-shaped ; according to Hassall, 
'ovate lanceolate.' I usually find it somewhat cubical or 
6-angled or subglobular. 
Caricece. 

*0arex praecox, 8. 10. F. 

* pendula, 10. 

* arenaria, 8. 9. 

tomentosa. H. 

(Ederii. H. 

acuta. H. 

cyperoides. M. 

muricata. M. 

paludosa. F. 

csespitosa. F. 

Fraseri. F. 

Schcenidece. 

Schcenus mucronatus. P. i. 17. 
Cladiea. 

Oladium germanicum. M. vi. 33. 
Dulichium spathaceum. M. 



Scirpus atrocinus. H. 

triqueter. H. 

capitatus. H. 

palustris. M. vi. 32. 

Isolepis Holoscho3nus. M. vi. 9. 

romanus. P. 1. 18. Lin. iv. 16. 

* gracilis. 4. 5. 

Eriophorum polystachyum. P. 1. 19. 
Cyperus. 

Cyperus longus. H. 

* ustulatus, 4. 

* alternatus, 5. 6. 

Papyrus antiquorum. M. vi. 2. 
RESTICE^: (Mohl). Oval punctate. 

Restio fruticosus. M. 
ERIOCAFLONE^E. Unexamined. 

TYPHACE^;. According to Mohl, ' globular, with a pore;' according 
to Hassall, and as I have observed, ' four oval grains in one 
plane.' 
*Typha latifolia, 8. 9. H. xii. 5. 

angustifolia. P. 1. 4. M. 

minima. M. 

Sparganium ramosum. M. 

simplex. M. 

ARACEJE. According to Mohl, globular pleats or pores ; Hassall gives 
elliptic, or a flat with a parallelogram. I find spherical, or 
oval with the numerous tubes emitted from the ends. 

*Amorphallus, 10. 

*Bichardia sethiopica, 12. P. 1. 3. H. xiii. 7. Lin. iv. 13. B. 
cxix. 53. 

albomaculata. WS. 37. 

Calla palustris. H. xiii. 6. 
Caladium bicolor. F. 

seguinum. M. 

Anthurium Hookerii, 3. 4. 

* cordatum, 3. 

Scherzianum. WS. 36. 



12 POLLEN. 

Aracece contd. 

Anthurium Patrinii. WS. 34. 
Spathophyllum heliconise folium. WS. 38. 
Phyllotsenium mirabile. WS. 33. 
Arum divaricatum. M. xvi. 8. M. 

- furcatum. P. 1. 2. 

- teraatum. M. 
Pothos crassa. P. xvii. 5. 

- longifolia. M. 
*Rohdea Japonica, 6. 
*Pennillia turpiflora, 6. 

PANDANE^. Mohl, oval with one furrow. 

JUKCACE^J. According to Mohl, in tetrahedons, in fours ; according to 
Hassall, () in fours,three placed in one plane ; (6) rough, sub- 
globular. with three bands ; (c) oval, echinulate, with one pore. 
Juncus articulatus. H. xiii. 8. 
* - effusus, 6. 

- Jacquini. M. 
Helonias latifolia. P. ii. 9. 

- crenata. H. f. Ant. xlvii. 
*Luzula campestris. F. ii. 11. B. cxix. 4. 

- vernalis. M. 
*Xerotes longifolia, 6. 
*Astilbe Cunninghamii, 6. 

- pumila. H. f. Ant. cxxvii. 

- echinulata. H. f. Ant. cxxviii. 
XTEIDEJE. 

Xyris erianthus. M. 

- alpestris. M. 



Tripteralla violacea. M. 
COMMELYNE^. According to Mohl, elliptic, with one furrow, as I have 

observed ; Hassall says it is somewhat curved. 
Tradescantia virginica. F. P. 1. 2. M. i. 20. H, xi. 10. 

* - variegata, 12. 

* - discolor, 5. 

* - Warzeloides, 6. 
Commelyna cselestris. P. 1. 21. 

- tuberosa. Mir. xxxi. 45. 
*0ochleonema, 10. 
*Dichorazandra, 6. 
*Palisotia Barlerii, 5. 6. 

PONTEDERACE^E. Simple ellipse ; according to Mohl, with two longi- 

tudinal furrows. 
*Pontederia cordati, 9. 10. M. i. 25. 

Usually a simple ellipse with one slit, smooth or prickly, 
ornate or reticular. II. Trigonous. 
Aloe obscurus. H. 

- mararitiferus. M. 

- saponarius. H. 

* - mitriformis, 12. M. i. 22. 

* - pluridens, 12. 

* - linealis, 10. 

* - abyssinicus. WS. 40. 

- frutescens. F. 
*Howarthia radula. H. 

- reticulata. F. 

* Asparagus officinalis, 8. H. xii. 11. 



POLLEN. 13 

Liliacea contd. 

*Asparagus scandens, 8. 
*Arthropodum fimbriatum, 10. H. F. 

Anthericum aloides. M. 

ramosum. M. 

Albuca minor. M. ix. 6. P. 1. 16. 

Allium fragrans. H. 

fistulosum. M. i. 9. 

*Agapanthus umbellatus. H. 
*Aspnodelus Bulbiiie, 20. 

* cervis, 10. 

* fistulosus, 3. Mir. xxxi. 34. 

*Brodiaea, sp. 20. 
*Bulbine frutescens, 10. 

longiscapa. M. 

prostrata. H. 

*Bessera elegans, 10. 

Bulbocodium vernum. F. 23. 
*Chlorogalum, sp. 13. 
*Chlorophytum, sp. 10. 

* comosum, 8. 

*Conentliantliera Echardii. M. i. 19. 
*0onvallaria bifolia, 6. 

* siberica, 11. 

* majalis, 7. 

* Polygonatum, 10. P. iii. 11. H. WS. 42. F. P. iii. 12. 

B. cxix. 19. 

multiflora. F. 

*0ordyline Rodii, 8. 

Chrysabactron Rossii. H. f. Ant. xlv. 
*Cyananthera, sp. 10. 
*0yrtonema lutescens, 16. 
*Colchicum autumnale, 12. M. vii. 8. 60. 

Ozackia Liliastrum. H. 
*Drymiopsis, sp. 10. 
*Dracsena cernua, 14. 

* Nova Caledonica, 9. 

* magnifica, 6. 

*Dianella strumosa, 5. Trigonous cocked hats. 
* cserulea, 6. F. 31. 

nemorosa. F. 

*Erythromum americanum, 20. 
*Eucomis stricta. H. 

regia. M. 

undulata. M. 

Fritillaria imperialis. F. M. P. iii. 13. B. cxix. 34. WS. 43. 
* meleagris, 18. F. M. B. cxix. 35. 

glaucescens. F. 

pyrenaica. F. 

latifolia. F. 

lutea. F. 

persica. F. 

Funkia Seiboldii. 

*Gloriosa superba, 6. 
Hemerocallis flava. H. 

fulva. P. iv. 2. M. i. 7. ix. 8. 

graminea. P. iv. 3. 

japonica. M* 



14 POLLEN. 

* Liliacea contd. 

*Hyacinthus amethystinus, 13. 

* - orientalis. F. 
*Knyphopia uvaria. 
*Lachelania luteola, 6. 
*Lilium philadelphum, 20. 

* -- auratum, 15. 

* - japonicum, 15. 

* - Kramerii, 15. 

* - Humboldtii, 15. 

* - monadelphum, 18. 

* - canadense, 20. 

* - sericium, 20. 

- longifolium. H. xiii. 13. WS. 38. 

- californicum. WS. 39. 

- album. H. 

- tigrinum. H. M. 

- - candidum. M. 

- Martagon. M. Pol. iii. 

- Davidi. Elwes. Lil. 

- bulbiferum. M. 
*Massondia lancifolia, 8. 
*Myrsiphyllum falciforme, 9. 
*Narthecium ossifragum. WS. 1. 
*0rnitliigalum nutans, 10. 

- villosum. F. 

- umbellatum. F. 
-- refractum. F. 

*OpMopogon japonica, 7. 8. 
*Puschinia scilloides, 7. F. 
*Plesiocanthus Teta, 9. H. 
*Ruckia elesmata, 10. 
*Streptopus argentifolius. F. 
*Stipandra pulchella, 7. 

* - csespitosa, 7. 
*Scilla peruviana, 12. 

* - nutans, 12. 

* - campanulata, 8. 

- . siberica. F. 

- bifolia. F. 
*Tritelia unifolia, 7. 

- laxa. 

*Trichonema speciosa, 17. 
*Tritoma, sp. 12. 

*Tulipa gesneriana, 12. P. iii. 13. H. F. 

* - suaveolens, 12. F. 

* - sylvestris, 10. 15. F. 
*Uvularia, sp. 10. 
*Veltheimia viridiflora, 12. M. F. 

* - uvaria, 18. P. iv. 6. 

* - sarmentosa. F. 
*Yucca filamentosa, 10. 12. H. 

gloriosa. Sc. xviii. 6. 



*Hypoxis obliqua, 10. 

- prolifera. P. ii. 7. 

- stellate. H. 
Ourculigo recurvata. F. M. 



POLLEN. 15 

DIOSCOREACE^:. According to Mohl, oval, one furrow; or B. with 

two furrows. 

*Tamus conununis, 10. H. 
Dioscorea villosa. M. 

aculeata, M. 

SMILACE^:. According to Mohl, elliptic, with long furrow, simple or 
punctate; in Trillium, a smooth sphere; in Philesia, with echinate 
sphere. 

*Smilax, sp. 14. 
*Trillium erectum, 8. F. 

grandiflorum. F. 

pictum. F. 

Paris quadrifoliata. P. ii. 11. F. 

polyphylla. H. f. Sikkim. 24. 

*Philesia buxifolia, 15. 
*Lapageria alba, 17. F. 

Ruscus Hypoglossum. 
PALME^E. 

*0hamserops Hystrix. F. 

Palmetto, 5-7. P. iv. 7. M. 

humilis. F. 

*Areca Baurii, 12. 

Kunthia sjjeciosa. H. 
Chamaedoria Schiedeari. F. 

* Harwigii, 5. 

* JIJNCAGENE^. Elliptic or globular, rough or echinate. 
*Triglochin palustris, 5. 
*Potamogeton crispum, 10. 

* natans, 7. 

*Aponogeton distachyum, 8. 
BTTTOME^:. Globular echinate or simple ellipse. 
*Hydrocleis Humboldtii, 6-8. H. xiv. 9. 
Stratiotes Aloides. P. xxvii. 5. M. 
Butomus umbellatus. H. M. 
ALISME^. Polyhedric. 

*Alisma Plantago, 8. P. i. 5. M. iv. 12. M. D. xxxii. 10. 
BROMELIACE.E. 

Billbergia thyrsoides. M. 

amoena. H. 

patentissima. M. 

* pallida, 12. 

* nutans, 15. 

Oottendorfia florida. M. 
*Pitcairnia integrifolia, 20. 

latifolia. M. 

*Tillandsia, 15. 

AMARYLLLDE^:. Elliptic, smooth, or reticulated. 
Amaryllis gigantea. M. i. 24. 

blanda. M. 

miniata. M. 

formosissima. M. F. 

Reginae. F. 

rutilans. F. 

purpurea. H. 

undulata. M. 

*01ivia nobilis, 10. 
Crinum amabile. H. xii. 20. 



16 POLLEN. 

A maryllidece contd . 
*0rinum ornatum, 20. 
* 8 p. 16. 

pratense. WS. 59. 

Oraveyanum. F. 

*0hlidanthus fragrans, 27. 
*Eucharis, sp. 19. 

alliesum, 12. 20. 

*Imantophyllum miniatum, 15. 

Aitonii. H. 

*Galanthus nivalis, 6. H. WS. 6. M. F. 

Clusii. F. 

Griffinia hyacinthoides. H. M. 
*H8emanthiis coccineus, 12. 

* puniceus, 15. 

* pubescens, 13. 

tigrinus. M. H. 

*Hippoeastrum alatum, 15. 
*Leucojum vernalis, 6. M. F. 
*Narcissus poeticus, 8, 12. B. cxix. 
* Jonquilla, 20. 

* triandrus, 10. 

radiiflorus. F 

longifolius. F. 

*Nerine undulata, 18. 

* sarniensis, 18. 

*Pancratium Tagetta, 30. 
* caribaeum, 45. 

* declinatum, 38. H. xiii. 24. Lin. iv. 17. 

maritimum. M. 
*Zephyrinus grandiflorus. H. 
*Alstr8emeria Ourtisiana. M. vi. 21. Ordo 20. 

psittacina. H. M. 

*Agave americana. M. 

* curvifolia, 14. 15. 

* lurida. M. 

*Beschorneria Tomelli, 25. 
*Fourcroya, 12. 

longseva. M. 

*Vellozia aloefolia. M. v. 19. 

. Hassall draws it with a very peculiar form. I find it 
with various forms in the same anther. 
Anisogeisus rufus, 18. 

flavus. H. xiii. 19. M. 

coccineus. M. 

(Barbacinia) glauca. M. 

ignea. M. 

Wachendorfia paniculata. M. 
Hemadorum planifolium. M. 

A broad ellipse, one opening. 
*Tacca artocarpifolia, 14. 
*Atacca cristata, 25. 

Mohl gives many forms elliptic, globular, smooth, echinate, 
or spiral. 

*Antholyza aethiopica, 24. H. M. 
* Crocus lacteus, 16. 22. 

* biflorus, 15. 20. 

* sulphureus. No pollen barren. 



POLLEN. 1 7 

IridecR contd. 

*Crocus stellaris, 8. Imperfect pollen. 

* sativus, 26-28. Echinulate. H. xiv. 26. 

* insularis, 16. 20. R 

aureus. 20. 63. Echinulate. WS. 

* revolutus, 15. Echinulate. 

* vernus, 15. 20. Echinulate. H. 

albiflorus. Echinulate. M. 

* nivalis (Sieberi, Gay). Spiral. 

* maesiacus. Spiral. M. 

* susianus. Spiral. 

* argenteus. Spiral. 

Adenoropium villosum. M. 
*Cyclobothra, sp. 10. 

convallarioides. H. 

*Cypella gracilis, 12. 
*Diasia graminifolia, 12. 

Gladiolus segetum. Sc. xviii. 2. 
* floribundum, 25. 

communis. M. 

tristis. M. 

insignis. M. 

Iris florentina. M. H. 

ruthenica. M. 

flavescens. M. 

* Pseud-Acorus, 28-30. Pol. iii. 

* sinensis, 12. 

* fimbriata, 18. 

* elatior, 25. 

germanica. M. 

iberica. WS. 61. 

Kcemferii. WS. 60. 

Giildenstaedtii. M. 

Ixia florida. M. 

deusta. M. 

pulcherrima. M. 

polystachys. F. 

Micranthus alopecurioides. M. 

plantigemus. M. 

fistulosus. M. 

Moraea racemosa. H. 
Ovieda corymbosa. M. 

*Schizostylus coccineus, 15. 
*Sisyrhinchium magellicanum, 8. 

convolutum. M. 

luteum. F. 

*Tritonia, sp. 15-18. 

Tigridia Pavonia. M. i. 23. 
*Synnotia bicolor, 21. 
*Watsonia irioides, 4. H. xiii. 6. 

plantaginea. H. M. 

lucidior. H. M. 

MusAGELffi. Spherical. 

*Musa paradisiaca, 20. 

- Troglodytarum. M. 

*Strelitzia Reginas, 25. H. xiv. 30. Sc. xviii. 9. F. M. 

humilis. H. 

MARANTACIL&;. Spheroid, smooth, or echinate. 
c 



18 POLLEN. 

Marantacece contd . 

Oanna occidentalis. F. H. 
* - indica, 12. M. F. ix. 6. H. xiv. 23. B. cxix. 51, 

- limbata. F. 

- Sellowii. F. 

- pedunculata. F. 

- patens. F. 

- chinensis. F. 

*Phrynium sanguilentum, 30. S. xviii. 1. 
*0alathea bicolor, 15. 
*Ischonosyphon Aroura, 7. 
Ziff GIBERACE^:. Globular echinate. 

Alpinea, sp. H. 

Costus, sp. 15. 

Hedychium suaveolens, 15. 

- Gardner!!. H. 

- flavescens. M. H. 

- coronarium. H. 
Roscoea purpurea. H. 

EXOGENES. 



Zamia longifolia. S. xvii. 26. P. xviii. 4. 

- media. P. i. 1. 
*Stangeria, sp. 12. 
*Ceratozamia, sp. 10. 

Welwitzia mirabilis. Hf. Tr. Lin. vi. 13. 
CONIFERS. I. Two lobes connected by a broad band. 
II. Subspheric, with 3 or 4 coats. 

III. Simple oval. 

IV. Oval, with 6 furrows. 

I. Pimis sylvestris. F. H. xiv. 34. S. xvii. 7. Pol. ii. 

- novazealandica. H. 

- Tseda. H. 

- rufa. P. v. 14. 

- Pinaster. F. M. 

* - Laricio, 16. 

* - excelsior, 14. 

- Oembra. M. 

uncinata. M. 
Abies excelsa. M. ii. 32. 

pectinata. S. xvii. 9. 
Picea vulgaris. S. xvii. 16. 
Dacrydium Franklini. Hf. Tas. 0. B. 
Microcachrys tetragona. Hf. F. 0. A. 3 lobes. 
Pherosphera Hookeriana. Hf. Tas. I. 0. 3 lobes. 
Cedrus Libani.^ WS. 50. 

II. *Larix comnmnis, 8. S. xvii. 6. M. F. Pol. i. 

- Griffithii. Hf. Lin. 21. 
*0ryptomia, 8. 

*Sequoia sempervivens, 15. 

* - - gigantea, 5. ^ 

*Juniperus communis, 10. P. v. 11. M. H., Pol. iii. 

- oxycedrus. F. 
i virgineana. F. 

- Sabini. H. 

*Thuia orientalis, 10. S. xvii. 22. 

- occidentalis. F. M. 
Diselma Archer!. Hf. xcviii. Tas. 



POLLEN. 19 

Conifera contd. 

*0upressus sempervivens, 6. S. xvii. 17. F. M. 

* - Benthamii, 7. 
Frenela australis. P. v. 13. 

- - nuktensis, 7. Hf. Tas. xcvii. 
Podocarpus Salviniana. S. xvii. 12. 
Araucaria brasiliensis. S. xvii. 25. 

- imbricata. M. i. 2. 
Cunninghamia sinensis. M. 

*Taxus baccata, 7. F. M. i. 5, x. 61. H. 
Callitris quadrivalvis. F. 

III. Gingo (Salisburia) biloba. M. i. 11. S. xvii. ]5. 

IV. Ephedra major. S. xvii. 13. 

- distachys. M., with 6 slits. 

- fragilis. M. 

BETTTLACua:. Subglobular or polyhedric, 3, 4, or 5 pores. 

*Betula alba, 6. B. cxv. 2. F. H. 

*Alnus glutinosa, 5. M. H. 
SALICACEJS. I. Elliptic, with 3 slits and bands. II. Globular. 

*Salix viminea, 6. F. M. H. 

* - nigra, 4. 

* nigricans, 6. 

- riparia. M. 

* - retusa, 11. B. cxiv. 50. 

* - phylicifolia, 7. 

* - hastata, 6. 

* - capraea, 5. 6. 

' triandra. M. 

* - pentandra, 10. 

- cinerea. P. v. 17. 

- alba. F. 

- polymorpha. F. 
*Populus nigra, 6. 7. 

- balsaminea. B. cxix. 3. 

- alba. P. v. 18. Lind. iv. 18. 

CoRYLACiLa;. Elliptic with 3 bands, or spherical with 3 pores, or 

polyhedric with a pore on each facet, 
*Fagus sylvatica, 6-7. M. H. 
*0astanea vescaria, 5. 7. H. 
*0strya vulgaris, 6. M. H. 
*0arpinus Betulus, 5. M. 

*0orylus Avellana, 6. F, i. 6. M. H. B. cxix. i. N. Pol. 37. 
Quercus Robur. M. H. 

- pedunculata. F. 

* - sessiliflora, 10. 

* - Cerris, 9. 10. 



Myrica Gale. M. 

- cerifera. M. 

- sethiopica. M. 
quercifolia. M. 
Comptonia asplenoides. M. 

TANACE^rc. Minute, elliptic with 2 slits. 
*Platanus orientalis, 3. B. cxix. 18. 

- acerifolia. F. 
CASTJAKINE^. 

Casuarina equisetifolia. P. iv. 9. M. 

- indica. M. 

c 2 



20 POLLEN. 

Casuarinece contd. 

Casuarina quadrivalvis. M. 

stricta. M. 

ULMAOELE. Globular, rough. Mohl gives 3 forms. 
*Ulmus campestris, 7. 8. M. H. 

* montana, 8. 

Oeltis australis. M. 
HORACES. Globular, with 12 pores. Mohl gives other forms which 

I have not seen. 
*Dorstenia maculata, 4. 
Coussapoa latifolia. M. 
Broussonetia papyrifera. M. 
Pourrina velutina. M. 

bicolor. M. 

cecropiaefolia. M. 

Cecropia peltata. M. 
Lacistema serrata. M. 

CANNABEOE. Ovoid with triangular end. 
Humulus Lupulus. M. 

*Cannabis sativa, 7. 8. P. v. 20. M. iii. 21. 
URTICACE^:. Spherical, or angular, sub-cubical. 

*Urtica dioica, 4. P. v. 19. Lin. iv. 20. 

* urens, 3. M. WS. 64. 

*Parieteria officinalis, 3. M. 

erecta. M. 

*Bcehmeria nivia, 3. 

caudata. M. 

*Pilea microphylla, 3. 
* muscosa, 5. 

JUGLANDACE^;. Globular. Hassall has observed 'twin tubes issuing in a 
round centre of the granule ; ' but I have not been able to see them. 
*Juglans regia, 10. M. F. 

oliviformis. M. 

ASARACEL&;. Mohl gives as globular without pore or slit. 
Asarum europseum. P. v. 21. M. 
*Aristolochia Olematidis, 9. P. xvii. 28. 
* Brasiliensis, 9. 10. 

trilobata. M. 

PODOSTEMACE^;. Oval with 3 slits. 

Lacis fucoides. M. 
CTTINACEJE. Mohl, I. oval with 3 slits ; II. elliptic with 3 pores. I 

find Oytinus with 4 fold-slits. 
*0ytinus Hypocistis. 
Cynomorium. M. 
Langodorffia hypogsea. M. 
ETTPHORBIACEJE. Mohl, spherical granular or cellular or punctate, or 

elliptic with 3 bands and furrows. 
*0roton humile, 15. 

pictum. WS. 20. 

pseudochinum. M. 

punctatum. M. 

Tiglium. M. 

*Jatropha ^odograda, 18. 

Manihot. M. 

pandurifolia. M. 

urens. M. 

*Dalechampia, sp. 10. 
* Ro3zliana, 15. 



POLLEN. 21 

Euphorbiacece contd. 

Aleurites triloba. M. 
*Sarcoccus trinervis, 8. 
*Buxus sempervirens. M. B. 6. 

* Wallichiana, 7. 8. 

Poranthera linarioides. M. 

arbuscula. M. 

*Ricinus communis, 7. M. 

lividus. P. xvii. 13. 

*Euphorbia (Poinsettia) pulcherrima, 10. 
* exigua, 6. 

* Paralias, 9. 13. 

* collatioides, 10. 

* oxystegioa, 11. 

* Bojeri, 10. 

* bupleurifolia, 16. 

* Heliscopia, 8. 10. 

Peplus. M. 

* fulgens, 10. 

sylvatica. M. 

verrucosa. M. 

Cyparissias. M. 

palustiis. F. 

Characias. F. 

Oaput-Medusse. F. 

*Riedia glaucescens, 3. 

Oluytia pulchellar F. 

alaternoides. M. 

*Mercurialis perennis, 3. B. cxix. 6. 

anmia. M. WS. 20. 

elliptica. F. 

*Acalypha Commersonii, 2, 3. 

acuta. M. 

acuminata. M. 

- scabrosa. M. 

*Sebastiana corniculata, 6. 9. 
Xylophylla glauca. WS. 21. 
Sapium casuarieeefolium. M. 
Cicca distachya. M. 
Securinega nitida. M. 
Cnemidostacliys tragiodus. M. 

longifolia. M. 

EMPETREACE^:. According to Mohl, inserted in fours, but I have found 

them disunited, globular, with 3 pores and bands. 
Empetrum nigrum, 4. 5. M. 

PROTEACE^;. Those connected with a pore at each corner. 
Aulax pinifolium. P. v. 15. 
Anadenia Manglisii. H. 
*Banksia integrifolia, 9. 

margiuata. H. 

verticellata. H. 

speciosa. H. 

Dryandra formosa. H. F. 

longifolia. H. F. 

armata. H. 

*Grevillia lancifolia, 15. 

* ros marinifolia, 10. F. i. 1. 

* Thielmannii, 12. 



22 POLLEN. 

Proteacece contd. 

*Grevillia microstylis, 15. 
* montana, 10. 

linearis. M. H. 

sulphurea. H. 

pubescens. F. 

setacea. F. 

mucronata. F. 

Baueri. F. 

*Hakea nodosa, 10. 
* Stroudii, 16. 

pedunculata. H. 

pugionifonnis. H. 

acicularis. F. 

elliptica. F. 

dactyloides. F. 

Leucadendron hirtum. F. 
Isopogon anemonifolius. H. 

*Persoonia juniperina, 12. 
Protea multiflora. M. 

acaulis. M. 

Rhopala serrata. M. 

heterophylla. M. 

rhoinbifolia. M. 

LAURINEJS. Globular, rough ; no pores. 

*Laurus nobilis', 7. 

occidentalis. P. v. 24. 

carolinensis. F. 

*Tetranthera japonica, 25. 

SANTALACE-S;. 3 slits. 

Oxyris alba. 

ELEAGNEACE^ZE. 3 or 4 cornered, or ovoid with 3 pores. 
*Eleagnus europeeus, 16. M. 

angustifolia. M. 

Hippophae rhamnoides. M. 

THYMELE^E. Globular, rough, with no pores. 
*Daphne Laureola, 6. 

. * odora, 7. 

* Cneorum, 6. 

* Mezereum. 7. F. M. H. 

pontica. F. 

collina. F. 

* indica, 8. 

alpina. 

*Pimelea bandensis, 8. 

hispida. H. 

decussata. H. 

ligustrina. M. 

drupacea. F. 

Passerina pectinata. F. 

hirsuta. F. 

canescens. M. 

*Gnidia daphnoides, 8. M. 

simplex. M. 

virescens. F. 

Lachnea penicellata, 7. 8. 

purpurea. F. 

Dais cotvnifolia. M. 



POLLEN. 23 

Thymelece contd. 

Dais madagascariensis. M. 
PEN^ACE^:. 8 or 6 slits. 

Penaea mucronata. F. ii. 24. M. 

squamosa. M. 

POLYGONACEJS. (a) globular echinate ; (6) oval, with 3 bands and 
slits ; (c) somewhat trigonous. 

Polygonum emarginatum. P. xiii. 7. Globular. 

chinense. M. Globular. 

* amphibium, 10. Globular. 

* Hydropiper, 10. Globular. 

* Persicaria, 6. Globular. 

* Bistorta, 8. M. v. S. Elliptic. 

cyxnosum. M. v. 4. 

ambiguum, 8. 

* Tamus, 5. 

- dumetorum. M. 
. undulatum. F. 

* Aviculare, 4. 

Ooccoloba curtipendula. M. 
*Eriogonum flavum, 9. 
*Rheum undulatum, 8. F. 
* officinale, 8. 

hybridum. M. 

nobile. Hf. Sik. 15. 

ponticum. P. xiii. 6. 

*Rumex acetosella, 7. 

acetosum. M. P. xii. 5. 

* obtusifolium, 7. 

scrutatum. M. 

digynum. M. 

Atraphaxis undulata. M. 

spinosa. M. 

*Muhlenbachia complexa, 9. 10. 

AMARANTHACE^I. Polyhedric, with many pjres. 
*Hablitzia tamifolia, 3. 4. 
*0elosia cristata, 12. 
*Aevra sanguilenta, 2. 
*Amaranthus tristis, 6. 

caudatus. M. 

paniculatus. M. 

Iresine diffusa. P. xiii. 13. Lind. 19. 
Alternanthera Achyranthes. M. 
Ohamissoa acuminata. M. 
Bucholetzia maritima. M. iv. 4. 
SALSOLACE^;. 

Blitum capitatum. M. iv. 13. 
Ghenopodium Botrys. M. 
* album, 7. 

glaucum. M. 

* Bonus Henricus, 6. P. xiii. 11. M. 

ambroisoides. M. 

Beta trygyna. P. xiii. 12. M. 

maritima. M. 

Salsola scoparia. M. iv. 12. 

Kali. M. 

Salicornia fruticosa. M. 
Suseda salsa. M. 



24 POLLEN. 

Salsolacece contd. 

Bassella alba. M. ii. 12. Md. xxxii. 19. Cubical. 



*0orogiola littoralis, 2. 
*Scleranthus aureus, 4. 
PIPEBACE^. Small elliptic. Mohl. 
Piper emarginatum. P. v. 20. 

- auritum. M. 

- syringsefolium. M. 

LOKANTHACE^;. () globular witli 3 slits ; (b) elliptic ; variously dis- 

posed in Mohl. 
Viscum album. M. Decaisne, Brux. Acad. v. xiii. ii. 17. 

- anceps. M. 
Loranthus bicolor. M. iv. 3. 

- robustus. M. iv. 2. 
--- polyanthus. M. 

- nitens. M. 

= falciformis. M. 

- elegans. M. 

- lineatus. M. 

- patens. M. 

- - crassifolius. M. 

Misodendrum punctulatum. Hf. Ant. civ. 

- - brachystachium. Hf. Ant. cv. 
NTCTAGINILZE. Spherical, rough, with many pores. 

*Pisonia Olferisii, 7. 

- spectabilis, 8. 
*Bougainvillia, 

*Mirabilis Jalapa, 24. M. P. v. 21. Lind. iv. 19. H. xvi. 92. 

- longifolia. M. 

Calymeria (Oxybaphus) viscosa. M. iv. 17. 

Allionia nyctaginea. M. 

PHYTOLACCACE^I. Globular, smooth, or polyhedric. 
*Petiveria alliacea, 5. 
Rivina humilis, 6. 

* laevis, 7. 

* - flava, 8. 

- brasiliensis. M. ii. 34, 
Phytolacca deandra. M. 

- abyssinica. M. 

- scandens. M. 
GAMOPETALE^E. 

PLANTAGINEJE. Accordirg to Mohl and Hassall, spherical with many 

pores ; to me they appear polyhedric. 
*Plantago lanceolata, 6. H. xv. 64. M. 

- oblongifolia. H. 

* - Goronopus, 5. 

* - major, 6. 

* - media, 6. 

* - Oynops, 8. 

Wulfenii. M. 
*Littorella lacustris, 4. 

LABIATE. Elliptic or cylindric, with 3, 4 or 6 bands. 
*Physostegia virginica, 10. 12. H. 
*Westringia eremicola. H. 
*Scutellaria coccinea, 6. 

* - alpina, 6. 

* - galericulata, 7. H. 



POLLEN. 25 



Labiata contd. 

*Scutellaria lupulina. H. 
* violacea, 7. 

scordifolia. M. 

hastifolia. M. 

Moccosini. WS. 79. 

*Galobdolon luteum. H. F. 
*Galeopsis versicolor, 15. 

* Tetrahit, 9. M. ii. 3. 

*Lamium purpureum, 4. B. cxix. 16. F. 

* album, 9. B. cxix. 15. F. 

* maculatum, 8. F. 

amplexicaule. F. 

garganicum. F. 

*Stachys palustris, 11. 

iberica. H. 

setifera. H. 

coccinea. H. 

rugosa. P. vii. 3. 

* Betonica, 13. 

*Phlomis fruticosa, 15. 18. 

Nissolii. M. 

microphylla. M. 

*Leonurus Cardiaca. 8. 

nepalensis. M. 

Ballota nigra. H. 
Lycopus europseus- H. M. 
Marrubium vulgare. H. 

hispanicum. M. 

Molucella lee vis. H. 

*Lophanthus rugosus, 8. 
Teucrium lucidum. H. 

pyrenaicum. H. 

nyrcanicum. M. 

Chamaedrys. M. ii. 16. 

Scordium. M. 

* Scorodonia, 12. 

montanum. 

*Ajuga reptans, 9. 

* pyramidalis, 9. M. 

Coleus, sp. 8. 11. 
*Sideritis foetida. H. 

taurica. H. 

* megastachya, 8. M. ii. 13. ix. 15. 4-celled. 

scordioides. H. 

Salvia interrupta. P. viii. 3. Lind. iv. 24. 

glutinosa. M. ii. 13. ix. 15. 

* nubicola, 10. 

* patens, 10. WS. 78. 

* coccinea, 10. 

* verbiacea, 6. 

sclarea. H. 

splendens. H. 

*Lavandula spica, 6. M. 

Thymtis Serpyllum. M. 

Acinos. M. 

grandiflorus. M. 

*Mentha rotundifolia, 10. 
* piperita, 6. 



26 POLLEN. 

Labiate contd. 

Mentha crispa. M. 
*Prunella vulgaris, 10. M. 
Gardoquia multiflora. H. 
*0riganum vulgare, 12. 
*Satureja rupestris, 6. M. ii. 18. 
*Monarda fistulosa, 10. 11. H. Mir. xxxi. 30. 
*0alamintha officinalis, 8. 12. M. 
*Plectranthus australis, 8. 10. 
*Dracocephalum grandiflorum, 14. 

speciosum. H. 

peregrinum. P. vii. 6. 

*Nepeta Mussini, 9. 

violacea. M. Ws. 77. 

* Glechoma, 6. B. cxix. 11. F. 

Hyptis Sellowi. F. 
*Hyssopus officinalis. M. 
*Pogostemum plectranthroides, 8. F. 
*Prostranthera incisa, 12. 

violacea. F. i. 11. 

*Ocymum sanctum, 8. 

basilicum. H. 

Ziziphora serpyllacea. P. vii. 7. 
^Eolanthus suavis. M. 

*Melittis Melissophyllum, 9. 

VEKBENACE^:. According to Mohl, in four kinds : (a) triangular, 
(6) ovoid, (c) spherical punctured, or (d) divided in cubes. I 
also find (e) flat and (/) circular forms. 
Verbena Aubletii, 10. M. iii. 20. 

littoralis, 12. 13. 

officinalis, 10. 

hispida, 14. 15. 

aculeata. M. 
Lantana aculeata. H. iii. 17. 

* nodosa. 

Lippia dulcis. 
*Stachytarpheta bicolor, 48. 50. 

mutabilis. H. xiv. 47. Lin. iv. 25. 

Verbena Melindri, 10. 

Tectona grandis. M. 
Vitex agnus castus. M. 

lanaginosus. M. 

Negundo. M. 

*Aloysia citriodora, 5. 
*Lantana flava, 8. 

crocea. F. 

*01erodendron Thompsonianum, 18. 20. 

floribundum. H. 

* hastale, 20. 

* fallax, 11. 

viscosum. F. 

*Spielmannia africana, 5. F. 
*0yclonema myricoides, 8. 

Nuxia verticillata. M. 
*D Clerodendrum commune, 12. 15. 

*E spicatum, 12. 

*r. Lantana Gustavii, 10. 

SeUowii. H. 



POLLEN. 27 

Verbenacece contd . 

*Petr8ea erecta, 12. 16. 
SELAGINEACE^B. Elliptic with 3 furrows. (Mohl.) 

Selago difiusa. M. 

polygalifolia. F. 

fasciculate,. P. vii. 14. 

rapunculoides. M. 

Globularia vulgaris. P. vii. 9. 
Stilbe Pinaster. M. 
Hebenstreitia dentata. F. 

MYOPOKINE.3E. Elliptic. 

Myoporum oppositifolium. P. vii. 6. 

ACAJTTHACTLE:. According to Mohl, (a) globular or ovoid with 
spiral bands; (b) globular with reticulated extine; (c) oval 
reticulate extine ; (d) oval or elliptic with long punctate bands 
(spirally arranged) ; (e) circular with bands, flat sides ; (/) oval 
with three bands; and, according to Hassall, (g) elliptic, a 
single slit (Acanthus spinosus). 
Thunbergia alata. H. xiv. 47. 

* fragrans, 16. M. iii. 1. 

* (Meyenia) erecta, 25. 

* (Hexacantris) coccinea, 25. 

*Sanchesia speciosa, 14. 15. 

*Elytraria crenata, 10. 

*Gymnostachyum zeylanicum, 10. 

*Asystasia capensis, 10. 

*Cham8eranthemum Bruchii, 12. 

*Thyrsanthera stricta, 15. 

B Dsedalacanthus nervosus, 24. 

* macrophyllus, 15. 

* purpureus, 18. 

Eranthemum pulchellum. H. xiv. 48. 

varians, F. 

* 20. 

*Stephanophysium Herbstii, 24. 
*Ruellia liliacea, 18. 

formosa. M. 1. 15. M. D. xxxii. 20. F. 

*Arrhostoxylum curvifolium, 18. 
*Dipterocanthus Herbstii, 16. 

*c Barleria argentea, 25. 30. 

* flava, 25. 

* Gibsoni, 25. 

*0yrthanthera pilosa, 20. 

* magnifica, 20. 26. 

* chrysantha, 20. 25. 

*D Justicia carnea, 20. 

* sp. 18. 

variabilis. H. xiv. 45. 

*Dicliptera chinensis, 14. 20. 
*Beloperone flava, 20. 24. 
*Lankesteria, sp. 25. 
*Strobilanthus WaUichii, 26. 
*^Echmanthera Wallichii, 20. 
*Goldfussia isophylla, 18. 

* anceps, 20. 

* lanceolata, 18. 

*Amphiscopia Pohliana, 16. 
Justicia formosa. F. 



28 POLLEN. 

Acanthacece contd. 

*Justicia Calitriche, 12. F. 

Adhadota. F. i. 13. 

*Peristropha lanceolaria, 22. 

* angustifolia, 12. 15. 

*Phytoglossa androsseinifolia. 
*Stemonacanthus macrophyllus, 25. 
*Sericocoma Gheisbeghtiana, 24. WS. 14. 
*Libonia floribunda, 20. WS. 13. 

* plumistigma, 18. 

*Asystasia coramandelia, 12. 
*Eranthemum tuberculatum, 15. 
* crenulatum, 18. 

* Acanthus mollis, 20. P. viii. 13. M. i. 1. 
* montanus, 10. 

*Justicia capensis. M. v. 12. 

Gendarussa. M. 

purpurea. M. 

*Aphelandra fasciculata, 18. 
* nitens, 20. 

* aurantiaca, 22. 

* pulcherrima, 12. 
*Geisomeria nitida, 24. 

Hypoestes verticillaris. M. 
F*Fittonia gigas, 6. 
G Acanthus spinosus. H. xiv. 46. M. 

Blepharis capensis. M. 
PEDALINE^;. According to Mohl, round with 12 pleats. 

Sesamum orientale. M. 
BIGNONIACEJE. According to Mohl, elliptic, with 3 furrows ; cellular 

or parietal. 
*Bignonia unguis, 12. 

venusta. M. H. 9. 

* stans, 12. 

* speciosa, 12. 

* purpurea, 10. 

Oatalpa. P. xx. 15. 

capensis. F. M. 

*Eccremocarpus scaber, 10. 
*Tecoma jasminoides, 9. 10. 

australis. M. F. 

*Amphicome Emodi, 15. M. F. 

Taneecium pinnatum. M. 
GESNERIACE^;. Elliptic, with 3 slits. 
*Gesnera bulbosa, 6. 

* insignis, 4. 

* Houtyanii, 6. 

bulbosa. M. 

' Douglassii. H. 

Sceptrum. M. 

Gloxinia speciosa. H. 

formosa. M. 

Schotteri. M. 

caulescens. F. 

*^Echemenes, sp. 6. 

*Kamondia pyrenaica, 4. 5. P. ix. 14. 

*Sinningia (Stenogaster), 6. 7. 
Halleri. F. 



POLLEN. 29 

Gemeriacees contd . 

*Streptocarpus Kherii, 5. F. 

Trevirana coccinea. H. 
*0onradia floribunda, 7. 
LENTIBULARKS:. 

*Utricularia montana, 5. 6. 

Pinguicula alpina. M. 
OROBANCHEJB. Elliptic, with 3 furrows. 

Orobanche rubra, 4. 5. 

Philippea lutea. M. 

SCROPHULARINE^J. Elliptic, with 3 furrows ; smooth or punctate bands. 
*Scrophularia verna, 7. 

nodosa. H. M. 

aquatica. H. 

*Veronica serpyllifolia, 5. 

perfoliata. P. vii. 8. 

longifolia. H. M. 

virginica. H. 

Chamadrys. H. 

hedersefolia. F. 

* Bauxbaumii, 7. Elongated acutely three-sided. 

prostrata. F. 

*Schizanthus schizophyllus, 9. 

personatus. P. ix. 2. 

pinnatus. H. 

Manulea alternifolia. M. 

viscosa. F. 

oppositifolia. F. 

*Buddleja globosa, 5. H. 

OolviUii. Hf. Sik. 17. 

spicata. F. 

*Calceolaria violacea, 3. 

* scabiosifolia, 5. P. ix. 1. 

pinnata. M. 

elegans. H. 

corymbosa. F. 

rugosa. F. 

*Ehodophyllum volubile, 7. H. 
*Ourisia coccinea, 7. 
*Disandra, sp. 7. 

*Mitraria coccinea, 9. 
*0olh'nsia grandiflora, 7. F. 
*Erinus alpinus, 5. 

lychnoides. F. 

*Physocalyx, sp. 8. 

Gerardia nurpurea. M. 
*Russellia juncea, 6. 

multiflora. M. F. 

*Digitalis purpurea. H. WS. 18. Henslow, Cambr. Phil. M. 

Sceptrum. M. 

canariensis. F. 

*Tetramera, sp. 6. 
*Vandellia Crustacea, 5. 

Gratiola officinalis. H. 
Lindenbergia urticifolia. M. 
Alonsoa urticifolia. H. M. F. 
Scoparia dulcis. M. 
*Antirrhinum majus, 5. H. WS. 19. 



30 POLLEN. 

Scrophidarinece contd. 

*Antirrhinum Orontium, 6. 

siculum. F. 

*Linaria spuria. F. 

pilosa. H. 

genistoides. H. 

dalmatica. H. 

purpurea. H. 

triphylla. M. 

Cymbalaria. F. 

*Mimulus flavus, 9. 

* Moschatus, 7. M. iii. 3. xx. 29. MD. xxxii. 24. WS. 16. 

* glutinosus, 10. 

* Lewisii. B. 

guttatus. H. xiv. 43. 

roseus. H. 

elatus. H. 

Obelone barbata. M. 

elegans. M. 

glabra. M. 

*Pentstemon campanulatum, 11. M. 

pubescens. H. 

* pentephyllum, 8. H. 

speciosum. H. F. 

diffusum. H. 

ovatum. F. 

*Eliinantlius Oristagalli, 8. 
*Bartsia odontites, 5. 

* viscida, 6. 

*Euphrasia officinalis, 8. 
*Melampyrum sylvestre, 4. 
*Teedsia lucida, 6. H. (4 slits). 
*Pedicularis sylvestris, 7. 

* palustris, 10. 

* megalantha. 

flammea.. M. 

*0elsia cretica, 6. H. 

. lyrata. P. ix. 8. 

Arcturus. M. 

Angelonia salicarisefolia. F. 
Halleria lucida. F. 

*Verbascum Thapsus, 10. M. 
* Blattara, 6. 

phceniceum, 6. 

SOLANACE^:. According to Mohl, elliptic with 3 pleats, or B., with a 
flattened ellipse, with papillae or 3 bands. Hassall, cylindric, 
2 or 4-lobed. I find them very similar to Scophularineee, except 
Nolan a, which is trigonous. Browallia has many forms. 
*Browallia elata, 8. 11. 

*Streptosolon Jamesonii, 9, 12. 6 or 7 bands. 
Anthosercis albicans. H. 

littorea. F. 

viscosa. F. 

Brunsfelsia (Franciscia) Hopeana. H. 

mutabilis. H. F. 

Salpiglossis atropurpurea. H. xiv. 44. 

*Solanum Dulcamara, 3. H. WS. 59. 

stramonifolium. H. 



POLLEN. 31 

Solanacees contd . 

*Solanum nigrum. H. M. 

argenteum. P. x. 3. F. 

*Solanum tuberosum, 4. II. M. 

Lycopersicum erythocarpum. H. M. 
*Petunia violacea, 6. H. xiv. 38. 42. 
rosea. H. 

atropurpurea. H. 

nyctaginiflora. M. 

Hyoscyamus orientalis. P. ix. 15. 

canariensis. M. vi. 10. 

* niger, 8. 

pallidus. 

physaloides. F. 

*Nicotiana rustica, 8. M. 
* Tabacum. M. 

*Datura sanguinea, 10. 

Stramonium. P. xi. 2. H. 

Tatula. M. 

arborea. F. trigonous. 

*Brugmansia, sp. 12. 

*Atropos Belladonna, 10. H. M. 
*Habrothamnus faseiculatus, 12. 
Solandra grandiflora. F. 
*Lycium americanum, 9. 

Africanum. M. 

barbatum. M. 

Oestrum diurnum. P. x. 3. M. 

cauliflorum. F. 

Saracha viscosa. H. 
Physalis oxalidifolia. H. 
Alkekingi. H. 

pubescens. M. 

Capsicum annua. H. 
Nicandra physaloides. M. 
Nolana paradoxa. H. xvi. 87. 

* prostrata, 11. 

CONTOLVULACE^I. Mohl, spherical, with a pore with lids. B. echinate with 

many pores. 0. elliptic, with three furrows. 
*0alystigia Sepium, 24. H. xvi. 87. M. iv. 10. 
'Convolvulus arvensis, 20. H. xvi. 86. WS. 31. M. 

Oantabrica. M. 

farinosus. H. 

pentanthus. H. 

microphyllus. M. 

* Scammonia, 14. H. 

erosus. M. F. 

althseoides, 16. 

Dorycnium. M. 

tricolor, 13. M. i. 34. 

Soldanella. WS. 30. 

*Batatus triphyllus, 22. 

Ipomsea purpurea (major). H. WS. 29. 

Sellowii. H. WS. 33. 

Hosfordii. H. 

insignis. H. 

*Evolvulus arbuscula. 7. 
*Cuscuta reflexa, 8. 



32 POLLEN. 

Contiolvulacece contd. 

*0ustuta Epithymum, 4. 
trifolia. WS. 32. 

Many forms described by Mohl : (a) ovoid, contracted in 
middle ; (6) with papillae ; (c) prismatic with 4 pleats ; 
(d) with 6 pleats; (e) with 10 or 12 pleats. Hassall describes 
them () like Mohl ; (6) with tubes opposite to each other 
with longitudinal fissures ; (c) with 10 tubes becoming circular ; 
(d) four tubes ; (e) 3-lobed pyramidal. I have found them usually 
the first form dumb-bell shaped or with 3 slits. 
Borago officinalis. H. xv. 55. M. ii. 28. F. 8 flits. 

* orientalis, 6. F. 

*Symphytum officinalis, 7. H. xiv. 53. WS. 9. 

* caucasicum, 7. 

* Bulla. P. xiv. 19. 

*Nonnea flava, 6. 
Pulmonaria officinalis. P. vii. 15. 

* saccharata, 6. 

* angustifolia, 8. 

* S p., 5. 

* virginica, 2. 

* mollis. M. 

*Lithospermum prostratum, 2. 
rubrocseruleum, 3. 

* arvense, 4. 

*0mphalodes verna, 2 

- linifolia. H. WS. 11. 

*Mertensia maritima, 7. 

*0nosma echioides, 9. M. v. 9. H. 

*Anchusa semperflora, 8. 

* sp., 9. 

ochroleuca. M. v. 34. 

capensis. M. v. 38, 

*Echium Lusitanicum, 12. 
* vulgare, 2. 5. M. 

micranthum. P. vii. 13. 

fruticosum. H. M. 

orientale. M. 

*Lvcopsis arvensis, 8. 

Milleri. M. v. 13. 
*Amsinkia, sp. 6. 

*Myosotis scorpioides, 2. P. vii. 17. M. v. 32. H. 
*Cerinthe major. H. Mir. xxxi. 41. 

minor, 6. 8. 

aspera. H. 

bicolor. WS. 10. 

Cynoglossum nitidum. P. vii. 18. 

pictum, H. 

*Heliotropium peruvianum, 4. F. 

grandiflorum. P. vii. ii. M. ii. 19. 

Ehretia Isevis. M. 

Cordia Myxa. M. 
HYDKOPHTLLACEJE. Hassall describes as cylindric with 3 lobes, or 

triangular. Those I have examined are in elongated triangular 

spindles, with a pore on each side. 
Phacelia (Eutoca) viscosa. H. xv. 59. 

bipennata. H. 

multiflora. H. 



POLLEN. 33 

HydropliyUacece contd . 

Phacelia Wrangelii. H. 
Nemophila atomaria, 5. 

* insignis, 5. H. xv. 60. 

* parviflora, 3. 

phacelioides. H. 

pedunculata F. 

*Romanzoffia Sitkinensis, 4. 

Wigandia urens. F. 

POLEMONIACE.E. () According to Mohl, spherical with many pores ; 
punctate, (b) Cellular, (e) A flattened ellipse with pore on the 
equator. I have not seen this form. 
*Polemonium caeruleum, 8. H. 

* reptans, 9. P. viii. 2. 

Ipomopsis elegans. H. xvi. 83. 
*Phlox Drummondi, 10. H. xvi. 82. 

decussata. WS. 58. 

* divaricata, 5. 10. 

undulata. H. 

reptans. P. viii. 3. H. 

acuminata. H. 

paniculata. H. 

*Gilia tricolor, 4. H. 

achilleaefolia. H. 

capitata. II. 

*Leptosyphon androsaceus, 11. H. 

densiflorus. H. 

Cantua fcetidissima. P. vh'i. 4. 

pyrifolia. F. 

Collomia grandiflora. H. xvii. 80. 

rosea. H. 

coccinea. H. 

lateralis. H. 

*Cobaea scandens, 25. H. xv. 79. B. cxix. 54. 

stipularis. H. 

GENTIANEACEJE. Simple ellipse with three slits. 

Chironia pubescens, 8. 
* splendens, 10. 12. 

Gentiana cruciata. H. 
* acaulis, 12. H. 

Amarella. M. 

asclepiadea. M. H. 

concinnis. Hf. Ant. xxxv. 

Iloustonia coccinea. M. ii. 16. 

*Menyanthes trifoliata, 12. M. 
Chlora perfoliata. P. xi. 1. 
Swevtia perennis. P. xi. 2. 
Erythresea centaurea. M. 
Chironia baccifera. M. 

frutescens. M. 

LOGANIACE^;. Mohl describes the pollen as ovoid with 3 pleats, but 

in the only specimen I have examined it was 3-cornered. 
Logania longifolia, 6. 

floribunda. F. M. 

Gsertnera racemosa. M. 

paniculata. M. 

Spigelia marilandica. M. 

APOCYN ACE^;. Mohl gives 7 forms : () ovoid with 3 pleats ; 

B 



34 POLLEN. 

Apocynacets contd. 

(&) elliptic with 3 pleats and warts; (c) oval with 6 
folds ; (d) oval with 5 folds with warts ; (e) 4 warts on 
the equator; (/") barrel-shaped with a wart at each end ; 
(#) four-fold in the plane. 
*Vinca rosea, 16. F. M. iv. 37. 

- major. F. M. 

- herbacea. F. P. xi. 4. M. v. 26. H. v. 26. 
*Taberneemontana coriacea, 12. 

- tinctorea. M. 
Nerium Oleander. H. xix. 37. 

*Dipladenia, sp. 15. 
Allamanda cathartica. H. 

* - neriifolia, 12. 15. 
*Kopsia, sp. 20. 
*Toxicophlsea Thunbergii, 8. 

Cerbera fruticosa. F. 

- laurifolia. M. i. 27. 
Plumieria phagadsenica. M. 

*Arduina bispinosa, 7. P. xi. 7. 
*0arissa Carandas, 6. 

* - grandiflora, 13. 
Echites esculenta. M. 
Alyxia aromatica. M. 

Apocynum. Venetum. M. i. 12. Fourfold. 
SALVADORACE^J. 

Salvadora persica. M. 
OLEACE^. According to Mohl, elliptic with 3 pleats. Hassall describes 

it as elongated with 3 lobes. 
*Syringa vulgaris. P. xi. 7. F. M. 

* - persica. F. 
*Forsythia suspensa, 10. 
*Phillyrsea angustifolia. F. M. 

- media. M. 

Ligustrum vulgare. P. xi. 6. M. 
Olea, sp. 8. 

- undulata. M. 

verrucosa. M. 

- mauritiana. M. 
*Fraxinus elatior, 10. 
*Jasminum nudiflorum, 10. 

- revolutum. F. H. 

* - grandiflorum, 10. 

- odoratissimum. M. 

- trinerve. M. 

- fruticosum. M. 

- azoricum. M. 

- officinale. M. 

- multiflorum. F. 
SAPOTACE^;. Ovoid with 3 pleats. 

Mimosops Elengi. M. 
Sideroxylum grandiflorum. M. 



Diospyros Ebenum. M. 

- - ernhyopteris. M. 

- lanceolata. M. 

- discolor. M. 

- virginiana. M. 



POLLEN. 35 

STYRACEJS. 

Styrax officinalis. M. P. xi. 9. 

tonientosa. M. 

Symplocos paniculata. M. 
Diclanthera laurifolia. M. 

MYRSINE^. Minute elliptic with 3 pleats. 
*Ardisia polycephala, 5. 

pyramidalis. M. 

*Jacquinia, 5. 

*Msesa indica, 3. 4. 
*Clavija insignis, 8. 
Myrsine variabilis. M. 

nitida. M. 

PRIMTJLACE^E. According to Mohl, elliptic with 3 pleats ; according to 
Hassall, cylindric with 3 bands. I find it either with 3 or 
with 6 furrows. 
*Lysimachia nemorum, 10. 

Nummularia. H. M. 

* thrysiflora, 6. 

vulgaris. P. x. 6. M. 

*Anagallis arvensis, 6. H. M. 
* tenella, 6. H. 

collina. M. 

*0yclamen persicum, 3. F. 

hedersefolium. M. 

*Androsace Chameejasme, 4. 
* acaulis, 2. P. x. 10. 

coronopifolia. F. 

*Dodecatheon Meadii, 2. 

integrifolium. F. 

Hottonia palustris. M. 

*Soldanella alpina, 3. 6. F. 
*Primula vulgaris, 8. 4. B. cxix. 20. 
* veris, 10. 6. B. cxix. 21. F. 

suaveolens. F. 

* Auricula, 6. M. F. 

* sinensis, 7. P. xiii. M. F. 

* japonica, 7. B. cxix. 28. 

* cortusoides, 8. F. Trigonous. 

* nivea, 7. 

* denticulata, 4. WS. 8. 

* marginata, 3. 

* alpina, 7. 12. 

* elatior, 6. 16. M. F. 

* altaica, 4. 9. 

* montana, 4. 10. 

* purpurea, 3. 8. 

* verticellata, 5. 8. F. 

* sikMmensis, 7. 

viscosa. WS. 82. 

* mollis, 5. 

* floribunda, 3. 4. 

Samolus Valerandi. M. 

PLTJMBAGINE^:. Oval to globose, rough, with 3 slits. 
*Plumbago rosea, 12. P. vi. 1. Lin. iv. 22. F. 

* cserulea, 12. H. xv. 64. 

*Arnieria vulgaris. H. xv. 61. F. 

alpina. M. 

D 2 



6 POLLEN. 

Plurribagin ece contd. 

*Armeria plantagenia, 14. 

maritima. WS. 85. 

fasciculata. 

*Statice perfoliata, 12. 
* Halfordii, 12. 

scoparia. H. 

latifolia. M. ii. 10; ix. 19. 

tartarica. M. H. 11. 

EPACEIDE^}. () Fourfold cells, 3 seen at a time; (&) globular 

echinate or smooth. 
Epacris grandiflora. F. M. vi. 10. H. xvi. 91. 

* ovata, 12. 

* eximia, 11. 

hyacinthiflora. WS. 80. 

paludosa. M. 

ruscifolia. M. 

microphylla. M. 

Lysinema pungens. M. 
Lissanthe subulata. M. 

paludosa. F. 

Andersonia sprengelioides. F. 
Acrotriche ovalifolia. F. 
Dracophyllum gracile. F. 

*Stenanthera pinifolia, 12. 13. 3 or 4 cells. 
*Leucopogon, sp. 6. 

appressus. M. 

microphyllus. M. 

*Styphelia tubifolia, 12. 

glauca. M. 

EKICACILE. I. Simple ellipse with 3 slits. 

II. More usually fourfold, as in Epacridese. 
I. Blairia ericoides. M. H. 
Clethra maderensis. M. v. 16. 
* arbprea, 6. WS. 8. 

alnifolia. M. 

Pyrola secunda. F. M. 

rotundifolia. M. 

II. Erica multiflora. M. vi. 9. 

urceolata. P. x. 12. 

vagans, 6. 

Tetralix, 7. 

colorans, 10. 

suaveolens, 6. 

exserta, 18. 

cerinthoides, 11. 

herbacea. F. M. 

tubiflora. M. 

purpurea. M. 

abietina. M. 

physodes. M. 

arborea. F. 

rosea. F. 

scabriuscula. F. 

Bonplandii. F. 

. canescens. F. 

tenuis. F. 

omnicolor. F. 



POLLEN. 37 

Eiicacea contd. 

Erica prsecox. F. 
*0alluna vulgaris, 8. 

* Azalea indica, 12. 

* pontica, 12. P. x. 13. 

viscosa. Mir. xxx. 48. 

*Rhododendron arboreum, 4. F. 

ponticum. P. x. 14. M. vi. 11. 

* Catabwiense. WS. 7. 

* hirsutum, 10. 

* Edgworthianum, 15. 

* Nuttalianum, 10. 

* Brookianum, 8. 

Oaucasicum. H. 

Dauricum. F. 

Rhodora canadensis. F. M. 
Gualtheria procumbens. H. 

Shallon. H. 

eriophylla. M. 

odorata. M. 

*Andromeda multiflora, 7. 

pulverulenta. P. x. 13. 

revoluta. M. , ' 

salicifolia. M. 

longifolia. M. 

calyculata. M. 

speciosa. F. 

*Ledum oppositifolium. 5. 

* latifolium, 8. M. 

palustre. M. 

*Daboecia polifolia, 15. 

* Arbutus Andrachrne, 10. 
* Unedo, 10. 

* integrifolia, 13. 

canariensis. F. 

*Kalmia angustifolia, 8. M. 

glauca. F. 

*Arctostaphylos uva-ursi, 10. 
* tomentosa, 8. 

Menziesia Bruchenthallii. M. 

ciliaris. M. 

ceerulea. M. 

Salaxis abietina. M. 

spontanea. M 4 

triflora. M. 

VACCINIACE^B. Fourfold or octohedric. 

Agapetis, sp., 15. 
Vaccinium Vitis idsea, 10. 

* serpens.' Hf. Sik. 15. 

*Macleania speciosa, 15. 
*Thibaudia floribunda. 12. 
Gaylussacea virgata. M. 

retusa. M. 

nitida. M. 

OAMPANTJLACE^;. Globular ecWnate or rough or ovoid. Lobeleas, 

minute elliptic with 3 slits. 
*Trachelium C3eruleum 3 5. 6. P. viii. 2. 



38 POLLEN. 

CampanulacecB contd. 
*Jasione montana, 4. 
*Phyteuma orbicularis, 8. P. viii. 1. 

limonifolia. M. viii. 23 ; ix. 34. 

canescens. M. 

Campanula Medium, 10. M. iii. 18. WS. 28. 

Rapunculoides, 8. 

patula. H. xv. 77. 

glomerata, 6. 

infundibulum. F. 

persicifolia, 8. 

rotundifolia. M. 

nitida. P. viii. 3. 

bononiensis. Mir. xxxi. 43. 

pyramidalis. H. xv. 76. 

*Specularia spectabilis, 6. 
*Wahlenburghia angustifolia, 6. 
*Roella ciliata, 15. Echinate 

Oodonopsis gracilis. H. Hf. Sik. 16. 
*0anarina Campanula, 8. M. 
*Lobelia triquetra, 5. 

* spectabilis, 12. 

* syphilitica, 11. M. 

splendens. M. 

trinacoides. H. 

procumbens. H. xv. 78. 

Erinus. H. 

ignea. H. 

longiflora. M. 

Siphocamphylus bicolor. H. 

*0entropogon Lucyana, 6. 10. 
GOODENOVI^. Ovate, with 3 bands. 
*Goodenia ovata. M. 

decurrens. M. 

Leschenaultia formosa. H. xv. .75. Fourfold. 
Scsevola leevigata. M. v. 2. 
Cyphia bulbosa. M. 
Dampiera ovalifolia. M. 

ferruginea. M. 

STYLLDEJE. 

Stylidum tenuifolium. F. i. 12. 
Forstera clavigera. Hf. Ant. 28. (Tri-4gonous.) 
COMPOSITE. Cichonese. Globular or polyhedric echinate, with 3 to many 
pores and craters. Mutisiacece. Elliptic, not echinate, with 3 
bands. Cynarece. Similar to Cichoreae, or elliptic echinate or 
smooth. The rest are usually oval or globular echinate, but 
Artimisia is smooth. 
Cichorece. 

*Catananche cserulea, 15. 
*Tragopogon pratensis, 18. M. vi. 1 ; xi. 5. 
Cichorea Intibus. M. vi. 7 ; xi. 59. M. D. xxxii. 27. 
Leontodon hispida. M. 
*Taraxacum officinale, 15. P. v. 10. 
Lactuca sativa. M. 
*Hieracium Pilosella, 4. 
Scolymus hispanicus. M. 
*Mulgedium, 10. 
*Htpochceris radiata, 10. 



POLLEN. 39 

Cichoreee contd. 

*Lampsana communis, 9. M. 
Scorzonera radiata. P. vi. 11. Lin. iv. 81. 

hispanica. H. xv. 67. 

Sonchus palustris. M. vi. 5 ; xi. 61. M. D. xxxii. 28. 

arvensis. M. 

Orepis rubra. M. vi. 6 ; xi. 58. 

hispida. M. 

aspera. M. 

Mutisiacece. 

*Berdanesia rosea, 15. 
*Gerbera gossipina, 18. 
*Aiiisl8ea aptera, 10. 
OynaretB. 

*0arduus marianus, 12. M. 

* palustris, 12. 

* nutans, 10. 

tenuifolius. H. 

oleraceus. M. 

*Carlina vulgaris, 10. 
Oarthamus tinctoreus. M. 
*Arctium Lappa, 16. 

Bardana. M. 

*Serratula tinctoria, 18. 

xeranthemoides (Cnisus radiatus). P. vii. 17. 

quinquefolia. M. 

*0entaurea nigra, 11. 12. 

* Oalcitrapa, 8. 10. 

* Scabiosa, 12. 

* Oyanus, 10. 12. WS. 27. F. 

* montana. 

* muricata. M. v. 19. 

Zoegea Leptaurea. M. 

Cynara Scolymus. H. 

Echinops sphaerocephalus. M. v. 18. 

lanuginosus. M. 

Xeranthemum annuum. M. v. 20. 

inapertum. M. 

cylmdricum. M. 

ArctodidcB. 

*Arctotheca prostrata. 
Gazania. WS. 27. 

Artolis rosea. M. 

repens. M. 

Cullumia ciliaris. F. 

Calendulece. 

'Calendula officinalis, 10. 13. M. 
Senecionidee. 

*Senecio vulgaris, 6. 

* aquatilis, 9. 

* (Cacalia) splendens, 8. 10. 

suaveolens. M. 

nemorensis. H. 

salicifolia. F. 

* (Cineraria) (garden hybrid), 6. F. 

lactea. F. 

palustris. F. 

< cruenta. F. 



40 POLLEN. 

Senecionidte coiitd . 

(Cineraria) maritima. P. xi. 12. Lind. iv. 23. M. i. 
*Othonna crassicaulis, 4. 

quinquedentata. F. 

*Doronicum Pardalianches, 8. 

orientalis. P. vi. 13. 

*Tussilago Farfara, 7. M. 

alba. F. 

Petasites. F. 

Anthemidece. 

*Eriocephalus Africanus, 6. 

* Artemisia Absinthium, 7. M. v. 1. Smooth, elliptic. 

* camphorata, 8. 

* vulgaris, 9. M. 

* mutica, 6. 

pontica. M. 

Anthemis nobilis. H. Echinate. 
*Matricaria inodora, 6. H. 
Chrysanthemum viscosa. H. M. 

Clusii. P. vii. 12. 

*Santolina Chamaecyparissus, 9. M. 

crispa. M. 

*Tanacetum vulgare, 8. 
*Achillea Millefolium, 6. M. 

Ptarmica, 6. 7. 

Eupatorium. M. 

Helenacece. 

*Tagetes erecta. P. xvii. 10. M. 

Brusvillia chrystoma, 6. 

Flaveria contrayerba. M. 

trinervata. M. 

HelianthecB. 

*Helianthus annuus, 10. M. 
*Galinsoga parviflora, 9. M. 

trilobata. M. 

Melampodum perfoliatum. M. 

*Zinnia elegans, 8. M. ; ;: 

multiflora. M. 

Dahlia pinnata. P. vi. 16. 

glabrata. 

Cervantesii. WS. 28. 

Cosmos bipinnatus. M. 
Sanvitalia procumbens. F. 
Encelia (Armania) fruticosa. F. 
Ambrosia trifida. M. v. 7. 

artemisisefolia. 

Siegesbeckia orientalis. -H. 
Heliopsis pubescens. M. 

*Rudbeckia speciosa, 6. M. 

purpurea. M. 

Madia viscosa. M. 

sativa. M. 

Polymnia scabra. M. 
Silphium perfoliatum. M. 

Xanthium orientalis. M. v. 8. Oval, smooth, 3 slits. 
Inulece. 

*Gnaphalium sylvaticum, 6. 

margaritacum. M. 



POLLEN. 4 1 

Inuleee contd. 

*Helochrysum, 6. 
*Helipteris Manglisii, 8. 

Inula Helenium. M. 

Rehlarica pungens. M. 
Asterece, 

*Bellis perennis, 5. F. 
*Olearia, 5. 

*Erigeron canadense, 5. WS. 26. 
* acre, 5. 

Conyza thrapsoides. M. 

squarrosa. M. 

*Solidago Virgaurea, 5. 

minuta. P. v. 15. 

Chrysocoma coma aurea. H. 

Linosyris. M. 

Amellus Lynchitis. M. 
Aster abbreviates. M. 

reflexus. F. 

pyreneeus. Mir. xxxi. 33. 

Kaulfussia amelloides. M. 

Eupatorice. 

*Eupatorium cannabinum, 8. 

lanceolatum, 6. 8. 

glabratum. F. 

purpureum. H. 

ageratoides. M. 

*Ageratum riparium, 5. 
*Stevia serrata, 6. P. xviii. 9. 

Vernoniece. 

Vernonia montevidensis. M. vi. 12. 
DIPSACACE^:. (a) Globular, smooth or echinate, with 3 pores. (6) Cylin- 

dric, spigot-shaped. 
*Scabiosa Columbaria, 18. 24. 

alpina. 

* succisa, 30. 

* altipinna, 20. 

* Fischeri, 50. 

asterocephala (Caucasica). M. iv. 25. 

atropurpurea. H. 

*Cephalaria Tatarica, 35. 
*Knautia orientalis, 20. 

* arvensis, 25. 

propontica. M. vi. 36. 

Dipsacus Fullonum. H. 

sylvestris. M. iv. 24. WS. 92. 

* inermis, 32. 

Morina persicus. M. iii. 16 ; ix. 33. 

* longifolia, 50. 

VALERIANACEJS. (a) Globular, rough or echinate. (6) Oval in water, 

trigonous. 
*Valeriana rubra, 14. M. 

* officinalis, 20. M. 

* Phu, 9. 10. 

* dioica, 12. F. 

sambucifolia. H. M. 

montana. F. 

*Valerianella Locusta, 10. 



42 POLLEN. 

Valerianacece COD td . 

Valerianella olitoria. F. 

RUBIACE^;. According to Mohl, 6 forms : () Spherical punctate. 
(6) Ovoid with 3 pleats, (c) Ovoid with more than 3 pleats. 
(d) Ellipse with 3 pores, (e) Prismatic with 9 pleats. (/) A 
flattened spheroid with 3 pores. Hassall notes further a fourfold 
form, which I also have noted. 
Galece. 

Rubia tinctorum. P. vi. 8. M. ii. 26. 
*Asperula odorata. 6. F. 

* comestia, 18. 

Crucianella stylosa. H. xv. 70. 

latifolia* M. ii. 2. 

*Sherardia aryensis, 7. 

Galium porrigens. H. 

* palustris, 7. 

* Aparine, 6. 

* saxatile, 4. 

Mollugo. M. ii. 24. 

cruciatum. F. 

Spermacocete. 

Spermacocca verticellata. M. ii. 23. 

Orusea strigosa. M. ii. 29. 

Anthospeimum. M. 

Serissa fcetida. H. 

Opercularia aspera. F. 
TcederiecB. 

Hamiltonia (Spermadictyon) Azurium. M. 
Psychotriece. 

*0ephaelis Ipecacuanha, 10. 

*Rudgia macrophylla, 20. 

*Palicourea (Rhodosporum) Gardinerianum, 20. 

(Nonatellia) triflora. M. 

Morindece. 

*Morinda, 4. 
Ixorece. 

*Ixora Bandhuca, 4. 
* blanda, 4. 

lanceolata. M. 

*Pavetta caffra, 6. H. 

indica. F. 

Chiococcecs. 

*0hiococca racemosa, 4. 7. 
Gardener. 

Wehera pubescens. M. 

corymbosa, 2. 

Oxyanthus speciosus. H. xv. 74. 

*Mitriostigma citriodora, 14. 
*Randia longissima, 12. 15. 
*Gardenia aculeata. F. 

* globosa, 6. 

*Burdellia capensis, 8. H. xv. 73. F. 
Fernelia obovata. M. 
Hameliea. 

*Hamelia patens, 6. 7. 

sphserocarpa. M. 

*Higginsia microphylla, 4. 



POLLEN. 43 



Mu8<zndece. 

*Mussenda lanceolata, 4. M. 

*Coccocypsilum, 8. 
Hedyotidece. 

Houstonia coccinea. M. ii. 14. 
purpurea. F. 

*Pentas carnea, 4. 
Rvnddetiece. 

*Lindema rivalis, 6. 

*Rondeletia, 4. 



GinchonecB. 
*Luculia, 6. 
*Manetta micans, 12. 
Danais sulcata. M. 
Coutarea speciosa. M. 
Naudece. 

Cephalanthus africanus. M. 

CAPKIFOLIAGELE. According to Mohl, a flattened ellipse with a papilla 
at each end ; or oval with krge pores. I find them spherical 
echinate with 3 pores, or circular with 8 pores on the circum- 
ference. Mr. W. Smith describes them as 3 subtriangular. 
*Diervillia rosea, 12. 
*Leycesteria formosissima. 
*Lonicera Periclymenuin, 12. WS. 5. M. 

* - Tatarica, 13. M. F. 

* -- Xylosteum, 13. 

* - fragrans. 

* - caprifolium. M. 

* - sempervirens. M. 

alpigena. M. 

- cserulea. F. 
*Linnea borealis, 10. 
*Abelia triflora, 16. 

*Symphorea racemosa, 8. M. WS. 43. 

- vulgaris. M. 

* Vibernum Tinus, 7. F. 

- Lantana. M. 

- Opulus. M. 
Sambucus nigra, 10. M. 

* - Ebulus, 9. 4. 

- racemosa. M. 

*Adoxa moschateUa, 7. B. cxix. 32. WS. 6. 
CALYCIFLOR^E. 

OORNACEJB. Oval, with 3 bands. 
*Cornus mascula. F. 

* - paniculata, 5. 

- canadensis. H. 

- alba. ^ M. 

- sanguinea. M. 

*Aucuba japonica, 12. B. cxix. 12. Oval 3-lobed. 

- himalaica. Hf. Sikkim, 12. Globular, 3-lobed. 
*0orokia buddleoides, 6. Globular. 



*Aralia ramosa, 10. 
- sambucifolia, H. 
Hedera Helix. H. WS. 75. 



44 POLLEN. 

Araliacea contd. 

Panax arborea. M. 

vinosa. M. 

Macrocarpus parviflorus. M. 

UMBELLIFEK^J. According to Mohl, cylindric with rounded ends and 
3 furrows. According to Hassall, prismatic with constricted 
sides, and in water with rounded ends and 3 prisms. I find 
them rather oblong with a constriction in the middle and some- 
times a cross-band. 
Scandix aromatica. F. 
*Ch8Brophyllum sylvestre, 10. B. cxix. 32. F. 

* tumulum, 6. 

Carum Oarvi. F. P. xi. 1. 

Anethum segetum. Mir. xxxi. 44. 

Shim angustifolium. WS. 76. 

Heracleum sibiricum. P. xi. 12. Lin. iv. 27. 

* Sphondilium, 6. H. xviii. 146. WS. 63. M. 

* lanceolatum, 10. 

Oachrys seseloides. P. xi. 13. 
Eryngium planum. P. xi. 14. 
alpinum. H. 

amisthystinum. M. 

*Astrantia caucasica. M. v. 1. 

major, 12. 

*Bunium flexuosum, 8. 

*Pastinaca sativa, 6. 

*Pimpinella Saxifraga, 4. 6. 

*Thapsia (melanosilvium) decipiens, 10. 

*Didymus cseruleus, 20. H. xviii. 149. 

*Dondia epiphylla, 8. F. 

*Hacquetia Epipactis, 10. 

Conium maculatum. H. 
Daucus Oarota. H. 
Anethum Foeniculum. H. 

piperatum. M. 

(Enanthe crocata. WS. 69. 

fistulosa. H. 

Bupleurum rotundifolium. H. M. 

fistulosum. H. 

*Angelica sylvestris, 6. 8. M. 
*Hydrocotyle javanica, 5. 

bonariensis, 5. 

nitidula. 

FICOIDEJE. According to Mohl, ovoid with 3 furrows. According to 
Hassall, cylindric. I find it so, and also globular, smooth or 
echinulate" 

Tetragonia extensa, 12. 
Mesembryanthemum spectabile, 6. 

aureum, 6. M. 

trigonum, 5. 

Salmii, 5. 

incurvum, 5. 

linguifolium, 6. 

rubricaule, 5. 

blandum, 7. 

deltoides. P. xiii. 14. 

reflexum. H. 

curvifolium. M. 



POLLEN. 45 

CACTACE^:. According to Mohl, () spherical echinate with 3 bands ; 
(6) spherical, smooth, with loop form. According to Hassall, 
cylindric, 3-lobed. I find them as Mohl describes. 
Cactus speciosus. P. xiii. 3. 
*Opuntia monacantha, 25. 

polyantha. M. vi. 13. 

vulgaris. H. 

*Echinocactus Cummingii, 10. 
*Mamillaria Gallottii, 10 
quinquecaulis, 10. 

stellata. F. 

*Phyllocactus maltiflorus, 20. 
* Halforsius, 12. 

* crenatus, 20. 

*Epiphyllum Russellii, 13. 

*Cereus flagelliformis, 16. M. ii. 12. F. 

*Rhipsalis salicornoides, 10. 

* sp., 8. 

* hexapteris, 11. 

DATTSCACE^E. 

Datisca cannabina. P. xviii. 7. M. 
BEGONIACE^. Minute elliptic with slits. 

*Begonia, 4. 

nitida. P. xiii. 7. 

Oathcartii. Hf. Sik. 13. 

CTJCTTRBITACE^. According to Mohl, () a flattened spheroid with 3 
bands and a papilla on each; (6) with a halo; (c) grows in 
fours, each with 3 pleats ; (d) spherical echinate, with 8 to 12 
large pores. I also find some trigonous. 
*Bryonia dioica, 6. P. viii. 10. B. cxix. 20. L. vii. 35. M. 

alba. M. 

*Momordica Oharantia, 24. H. xvii. 135. 
*Trichosanthes Anguina, 15. 
*Cucumis Melo, 6. WS. 55. F. 

* sativus, 11. F. M. iii. 22; ix. 32. WS. 54. 

* Oolocynthis. M. iv. 15. 

* usitatissimus, 15. 

Oucurbita Pepo. M. iv. 16 ; xi. 14. L. vi. Sch. xvi. 20. Mir. 
xxxi. 47. MD. xxxii. 22. Pol. iii. 47. 

* Melopepo, 30. P. vii. 11. 

* lagenaria, 22. M. v. 16. 

PASSLFLOREJE. According to Mohl, (a) elliptic, bent in the middle, with 
6 furrows ; (b) spherical, rough cellular, 3 or 4 openings with 
lids. 

*Carica Papaya, 11. 
*Disemma coccinea, 15. 
*Modecca palmata, 15. With 4 slits. 
Melothria fcetida. M. 

*Passiflora cserulea, 12. H. xvii. 127. MD. xxxii. 23. WS. 53. 
Mir. xxxi. 46. Poll. iii. 65. 

* capsularis, 12. 

* coccinea, 13. H. 

* Lowii, 20. Sch. xviii. 16. 

Kersemina. F. ii. 13. 

anomala. F. ii. 20. 

racemosa. F. 

angustifolia. M. ii. 25. 

aquilegifolia. MD. xxxii. 32. 



46 POLLEN. 

Passiflorea contd. 

Passiflora penduliflora. M. 

triangularis. M. 

perfoliata. M. 

TURNERACE^:. Cylindric, 3-lobed, according to Hassall ; according to 

Mohl, ovoid, with 3 pleats. 
Turnera elegans. H. 
LOASEJE. As the above. 
*Loasa begoniafolia, 6. 

* Laserpitium, 7. 

Bartonia aurea, H. 
SAMYDACE^. 

Humirium (Blackwellia) spiralis. M. 

ONAGRACE.E. Three-cornered, with a pore at corners sometimes re- 
duced to two, sometimes fourfold. 
(Enothera macrocarpa. WS. 1. 
sinuata. H. 

biennis. Sch. xviii. 25. N. ii. 31. L. vi. Mir. xxxi. 29. 

Pol. i. 20. 

quadrivalvis. H. 

suflruticosa. H. 

Drummondi. H. 

Godetia Limbardi. L. v. 

rubicunda. H. xviii. 140. 

Whitneyii. WS. 2. 

Olarkia pulcheUa. L. vi. WS. 3. Pol. i. 

grandiflora. H. 

elegans. M. iii. 12. Sch. xv. 

tetragona. P. xiy. 6. 

corymbosa. M. iii. 12. 

Epilobium roseum. H. xviii. 138. Fourfold. 

* angustifolium, 20. 25. H. xviii. 139. Pol. i. 

* montanum, 20. M. vi. 37. MD. xxxii. 14. L. vi. 

hirsutum. H. 

*Circsea lutetiana, 10. M. iii. v. 

alpina. P. xix. 9. WS. 4. 

Fuchsia spectabilis. P. Pol. iii. 60. 

coccinea. P. 5. H. xviii. 142. Lin. ii. 30. 

gracilis. H. 

grandiflora. H. 

longipedata. H. 

globosa. H. 

.. conica. H. 

lycioides. H. 

Devoniensis. 

Clintoniensis. 

AtMnsoniensis. 

* fulgens, 15. 

* procumbens, 15. 

* splendens, 15. H. xviii. 144. 

corymbifera. H. 

thymifolia, 12. H. xviii. 145. 

microphylla, 10. F. 

cylindrica. 

* simplicifolia, 15. 

Lopezia coronata. H. 

racemosa. H. Mir. xxxi. 40. 

miniata. P. xiv. 8. 



POLLEN. 47 

On agracecB contd . 

Gaura biennis. H. 
Jiissisea erecta. M. iv. 18. Fourfold. 
*Trapa natans, 20. P. xiv. 4. Globular, with 3 slits. 
LYTERAKE^:. According to Mohl, (a) spherical, with 3 bands with a 
pore and halo ; (6) elliptic, with 3 pleats ; (c) with 6 pleats 
and bands. 
*Lythrum Salicaria, 3. 5. and 8. 5. M. v. 28. 

alatum. P. xiv. 10. 

*Lagerst8emia indica, 7. 8. M. iii. 24. 
*0uphea, sp. 10. 

*Nesaea (Hennas) salicifolia, 8. M. 

Ammannia sanguinea. M. x. 27. 

Duabanga sonnaratoides. Hf. Sik. 11. 

Grislea tomentosa. F. 

MELASTOMACILZE. Elliptic, with 3 slits, usually very small. 
*Melastoma Malabathrica, 12. 

corymbosa. H. 

- heterophylla. F. H. 
*0entranthera inaequalis, 4. 
*Medanilla, sp. 3. 
*Monochetum, sp. 6. 
*Hexanthus mexicanus, 8. 

Arthrostemma lineata. H. 
*Sonerila, sp. 4. 

Lasiandra oleafolia. M. 

Fontanesiana. M. 

Marestia taxifolia. M. 

excoriata. M. 

Rhexia subtriplicifolia. M. 

contigiosa. M. 

MYKTACE^J. Trigonous, a pore at each end, except Lecythis and 

Gustavia. 

*Calliandra stellata, 4. 
*Bseckia virgata, 4. 
*0allistremon speciosum. F. 

ruscifolium. 

*Callythryx glabra, 4. 
*Eugenia Mitchellii, 6. 

australis. P. xiv. 14. M. v. 14. 

* Ugni, 4. 

* apiculata, 3. 

Eucalyptus Eugenioides. M. 

piperata. M. 

paniculata. F. 

variabilis. F. 

Myrtus tomentosa, 6. 

communis, 5. M. iii. 13. 

Pimenta. M. 

Melaleuca tetragona. 

imbricate. 

fulgens. 

nodosa. 

squarrosa. 

calycina. 

depressa. 

canescens. 



48 POLLEN. 

Myrtacece contd . 

Melaleuca pulchella. 

thymifolia. 

* hypericifolia, 5. P. xiv. 12. F. M. iv. 34. 

Metrosideros Lophantha. P. xiv. 13. 

pungens. M. 

lanceolata. M. 

rugulosa. M. 

Calothamnus quadrifidus. P. xiv. 16. 

villosus. H. xvi. 135. 

Angophora racemosa. H. 

cordata. H. xvi. 136. 

Tristania variifolia. H. xvi. 137. 
Syzygium terebiuthuni. M. 
Leptosperrnuni myrtifolium. M. 

purpurascens. F. 

Calyptranthes guineensis. M. 
lucida. M. 

Myrcia myoponia. M. 

bracheata. M. 

Heyniana. M. 

Linkiana. M. 

Psidium nigrum. M. 

rufum. M. 

cerace. M. 

*Darwinia fuschioides, 8. 

Gustavia brasilensis. M. 3 pleats. 
Lecythis albiflora. M. 

ovalifolia. M. 

pedicellata. M. 

COMBRETACE^E. Ovoid, with 3 pleats. 

Oombretum parviflorum. M. 

aculeatum. M. 

pulchellum. M. 

Quisqualis indica. M. 
Poivrea coccinea. M. 
Terminalia tomentosa. M. 

fagifolia. M. 

Schousbeaea coccinea. M. 
RHIZOPHOR^;. Yet unknown. 
HALAGORE^. Oval, or oval with 3 slits. 
*0allitricha aquatica, 6. 

*Hippuris vulgaris, 7. F., 4-5 slits, according to him. 
*Gunnera scabra, 7. 
Myriophyllum spicatum. P. xxiii. 
BRUNIACE^:. Oval, with 3 or 6 slits. 
Brunia lanuginosa. M. 

abrotanifolia. M. 

nodiflora. M. 

HAMELEMELIDE^B. Oval, with 3 slits. 

*Hamemelis virginica, 6. M. 
Trichacladus crinitus. H. 
DROSERACE^;. Globular. 

*Drosera rotundifolia, 7. M. 

* anglica, 12. 

ORASSULACE^. Elliptic, with 3 slits. 
Crassula lactea. H. 

coccinea. H. 



POLLEN. 49 

Crassulaceee contd. 

Sedum glaucum. H. xv. 102. 

* acre, 2. M. 

* album, 4. 

hispanicum. M. 

spurium. M. 

populifoliura. M. 

*Sempervivum globiflorttm, 4. 

caespitosum. F. 

*Echeveria secunda, 3. WS. 5. 
*Kalanchoe lacinata, 6. 
*0otyledon orbiculata, 10. 

aizooii. P. xiii. 15. F. 

*Grammanthes chloraeflorus, 5. 

Septas capensis. M. 
Rochea versicolor. M. 

SAXIFRAGACE^;. Like the above, except the Grossulariae. 
*Saxifraga crassifolia, 4. B. cxix. 29. 

ligulata. F. 

tridactylis. F. 

cuniifolia. F. 

aquatica. P. xii. 18. 

granulata. M. 

cotyledon. M. 

* umbrosa. WS. 49. 

*Astilbe japonica, 3. B. cxix. 38. 

TiareUa cordata. P. xii. 17. F. 

Mitilla diphylla. F. 

grandiflora. F. 

*Heuchera americana. 
*0hrysoplenium oppositifolium, 6. 

alternifolium. 
*Parnassia palustris, 7. P. xii. 20. 

Francoa racemosa. H. 
*Hydrangea hortensis, 6. 7. M. i. 31. 
* japonica, 5. 

radiata. M. i. 32. 

quercifolia. P. xii. 19. 

*Adamia versicolor, 6. 

Decumaria sarmentosa. P. xii. 21. 
*Deutzia scabra, 3. 

* corymbosa, 4. 

*Philadelphus coronarius. F. 

Itea virginica. M. iii. 6. 
*Escallonia rubra. F. 

spectabilis. M. 
*0allicoma serratifolia, 3. 
*0eratophyllum gummiferum, 2. 

Weinmannia dioica. M. 

Bauera rubioides. H. xv. 103. 
Jtibeseee. Spherical. 
*Ribes sanguineuni, 8. 

frutescens. B. cxix. 39. 

aureum. B. cxix. 36. 

floridum. P. xvii. 4. 

* Grossularia, 5. 8. 

* rubrum, 9. 

ROSEACEJS. Elliptic, with 3 slits, except Poterieae and Neuradise. 

E 



50 POLLEN. 

Pyrece. 

*Pyrus domestica, 10. P. xiv. 2. M. 

Mains. F. M. 

Oydonia. P. xiv. 3. 

* japonica. F. 

(Sorbus) hybrida. M. 

domestica. M. 

intermedia. M. 

torminalis. M. 

aucuparia. F. 

Photinia serrulata. M. 
Mespilus Ootoneaster. F. 
Cratsegus oxyacanthus. F. 

indica. B. 

*Rhaphiolepis, 14. 
*Cham8emeles, 6. 

Neuradece. 

Neurada procumbens. M. v. 17. (6 or 8 warts.) 
Itosece. 

Rosa gallica. M. 

canina. P. xiv. 17. 

bracteata. H. 

lutea. M. 

Carolina. M. 

semperflorens. F. 

Poterieee. 

Poterium Sanguisorba, 11. M. vi. 24. 

muricatum, 5. 

sp. 7. 

annuum, 6. 

verrucosum. P. xiii. 15. 

officinale, 8. 

alpinum, 5. 6. 

Agrimonia Eupatorium. H. M. 

himalensis. H. 

Alchemilla alpina. P. xiii. 6. 
Chamaerodes erecta. M. 

Quillaijce. 

Eucryphia Mulligenii. HI Tas. vii. 
Potentillece. 

*PotentiUa fl oribunda, 8. 

* fragustrum, 8. 

anserina. H. M. F. 

aurea. P. xiii. 18. 

atrosanguinea. M. i. 4. 

argentea. M. H. 

tomentosa. M. 

alba. F. 

opaca. F. 

subacaulis. F. 

Oomarum, 8. 

Waldenia geodes. P. xiii. 9. 
Geum rivale. F. M. 

urbanum. M. 

sinense. H. 

Dryas octopetala. M. 

Jtubeee. 

*Rubus fruticosus, 12. H- 



POLLEN. 51 



fiubeee contd. 

Rubus odoratus. M. 
Spiriece. 

*Spiraea ariifolia, 7. 

* - opulifolia, 7. 

- salicifolia. P. xiv. 

- oblongifolia. F. 

- grandiflora, 7. 

* - tilipendula, 5. 6. M. 

* - Ulmaria. H. 

* - palmata, 23. Globular. 
*Kerria japonica, 6. 

Pvtnece. 

*Nuttallia cerasifolia, 8. 
*Prunus persica, 11. 

- nanum. P. xiv. 15. F. 

- Cerasus. F. H. 

* - Padus, 10. 

- domestica. 
lenis. 

- armeniaca. H. 

- avium. F. 

- maritima. F. 
ChrysobalanecB. 

Chrysobalanus Icaco. M. 
Hirtella paniculata. M. 

- hirsuta. M. 

- glomerata. M. 



Mimosece. A few with a simple grain, with 3 slits ; usually compound, 

9, 12, or 16 globular or square or drop-shaped. 
*Mimosa pudica, 2. R. iv. xxi. 7. 

- agrestis. R. iv. xxi. 8. 

- polystachya. P. xvi. 3. 

- mexicana. H. xvi. 104. 

- marginata. H. 

- laxa. M. 

- latispinosa. M. 
Schrankia uncinata. R. iv. xxi. 5. 
Desmanthus virgata. R. iv. xxi. 1. M. Globular. 

- stricta. M. v. 6. 
*Albizzia, 12. 
*Acacia armata, 10. 12. 

* - retinosa, 6. 

* -- argyrophylla, 10. 

* - lophantha, 8. P. xiv. 4. M. iii. 21. Lin. iv. 28. R. iv. xxi. 12. 

S. xix. H. 

* - farnesiana, 12. 

- mucronata. F. ii. 6. 16 cells. 

- acapulcensis. F. 

- alba. F. 

* - lineata, 8. F. H. xvi. 107. 

- floribunda. F. 

- stricta. F. 
-- genistifolia. F. 

- riparia. F. 

- longifolia. F. 

- paradoxa. F. R. iv. xxi. 20. M. 

B 2 



52 POLLEN. 

Leguminosce contd. 

Acacia myrtifolia. F. 

undulata. F. K. iv. xxi. 10. H. 

pulchella. F. 

decipiens. F. H. xvi. 106. E. iv. 17. 

* leprosa, 9. 

obliqua. 

alata. R. iv. xxi. 9. 

linifolia. R. iv. xxi. 11. 

rutifolia. R. iv. xxi. 13. 

erucifolia. R. iv. xxi. 17. 

arabica. R. iv. xxi. 34. 

verticellata. R. iv. xxi. 38. 

leucocephalus. M. Globular. 

* Gunneri. Hf. Tas. xvii. 

ovoidea. Hf. Tas. xviii. 

laxa. M. iv. 22. 

chlorantha. M. iv. 21. 

vigens. H. xv. 105. 

nigricans. H. 

ciliata. H. 

pulchella. M. H. 

marginata. H. 

trigonocarpa. H. 

sulcata, H. 

fuscifolia. H. 

Julibrissin. M. Globular. 

decurrens. M. 

vera. M. 

compressa. M. 

trichodes. M. 

Lebek. M. 

macrostachya. M. 

Inga anomala. M. v. 11. Drop-shaped. 
*0alliandra haematocephalus, 60. Drop-shaped. 
Entada adenanthera. M. Globular. 
Adenanthera pavonina. F. 
CfBsalpinece. (a) Globular, echinate, or smooth; (b) three-cornered; 

(c) oval, with 3 bands. 
*Bauhinia aculeata, 28. 30. 

fuscata. M. i. 1. 

armata. M. 

anguina. M. 

sp. M. iii. 13. 

Poinciana pulcherrima. M. iv. 8. S. xviii. 23. Spherical. 
Hymensea copalifera. M. vi. 23. 

confertiflora. M. 

verrucosa. M. 

Hsematoxylon campeachianum. M. 
Ceratonica siliqua. M. With 5 pores. 

*0ercis Siliquastrum, 4. 
Parkinsonia aculeata. M. 
Gleditschia horrida. M. 
Gymnocladus canadensis. M. 
Suella rotundifolia. M. 

poruginea. M. 

paranensis. M. 

Codarium nitidum. M. 



POLLEN. 53 



Casalpinece contd. 

*Saraca (Jonesia) Asoka, 15. 
*0assia viminea, 8. 10. 
* occidentalis, 15. 

Isevigata. P. xii. 12. M. 

trinatitis. M. 

biflora. M. 

marylandica. M. 

foetidissima. F. 



Anagyris foetida. M. 

Dillwynnia aciculata. M. 

Gomphocarpus grandiflorus. M. 
*Oxylobium pallistachys, 5. 
*Stylophora japonica, 10. 

Chorozema Chavii, 6. 
*Eutaxia myrtifolia, 8. 

Pultenaea paleacea. M. 

protioides. M. 

deltoides. M. 

diffusa. Hf. Tas. xiv. 

Oyclopia genistoides. M. 
Jacksonia scoparia. M. 
Podolyria mutabilis. F. 

styracifolia. F. 

Genistece. 

Platylobium lanceolatum. F. 
Crotalaria angustifolia. F. 
Bossia (Scottia) trapeziodes F. 

cordigera. Hf. Tas. xvi. 

*Templetonia retusa, 8. 
*Goodia lotifolia, 3. 
*Lupinus, 12. 

nana. MD. xxxii. 11. 

luteus. H. 

multiflorus. F. 

Laburnum vulgaris. WS. 75. 

* alpinum. 

Cytisus foliosus. F. H. 

ramosus. H. 

capitatus. H. 

nigricans. H. 

elongatus. H. 

*Genista anglica, 8. 

tinctoria. H. 

sagittata. P. xii. 10. 

canariensis. 

candicans. 

pilosa. 

Spartium junceum. P. xii. 18. M. 

scoparium. F. M. 

multiflorum. F. 

*Ulex europseus, 6. 

Loddegesia oxadilidea. F. 
Trifoliece. 

*Ononis arvensis, 11. 

hirchms. H. 



54 POLLEN. 

Trifoliece -contd. 

Ononis natrix. M. 
Trigonella. H. 
*Medicago Lupulina, 6. 
* maculata, 7. 

arborea. H. F. 

sativa. M. 

Trifolium medium, 10. 

pratense. H. 

* repens, 10. F. 

* suffocatum, 10. 

* subterraneum, 10. 

montanum. M. 

rubens. M. 

Loteee. 

*Lotus corniculatus, 10. H. WS. 74. Gull. Ann. N. H. July 1865. 

major. M. Gull. 

Anthyllis polycephalus. H. 

vulneraria. M. 

GalegecB. 

*Psoralea macrostachya, 7. 8. 

pilosiuscula. F. 

bracteosa. P. xii. 7. 

glandulosa. H. 

pinnata. M. 

Indigofera psoralensis. H. 

madagascarinensis. M. 

tenuifolia. F. 

speciosa. F. 

* decora, 6. Trigonous. 

Galaga officinalis. M. 
*Robinia pseudacacia. P. xiv. 18. 

Caragana. P. xiv. 19. F. 

caespitosa. P. xiv. 20. 

*CHanthus puniceus, 8. 

Sutherlandia frutescens. F. 
Swainsonia alba. H. 
*Colutea frutescens. P. xiv. 1. 

arborescens. H. xvi. 108. 

Astragalus Onobrychis. P. xi. 17. 

* alopecuroides, 6. 8. 

venosus. H. 

tragacanthus. F. 

monspilanus. F. 

Glycirhiza echinata. M. 

Hedysarece. 

Coronilla Emerus. M. 

varia. M. 

Hedysarum Onobrychis. M. H. 

* coronaria, 4. P. xii. 8. 

*Stylanthus japonica. 
*Arachis hypogea, 10. 
Viccce. 

*Vicia Faba, 8. 10. H. 
* sativa, 9. 

pisifolia. P. xii. 

Cracca. 

sylvatica. 



POLLEN. 55 



VicecB contd. 
Vicia hirsute. 
Lathyrus (Orobus) macrorhizus, 6. 10. F. 

- O. albus. P. xii. 5. 
O. vernus. H. 

* - Aphaca, 10. 

* - odoratus, 10. M. v. 3. 

- latifolius. P. xii. 4. 

- pratensis. M. 

* - sylvaticus, 11. 
Pisum sativum. M. H. 

Phaseolece. 

Kennedya rubicunda. P. xii. 6. 

- uliginosa. F. 
-- prostrata. F. 

- monophylla. F. 

Erythrina crystagalli. WS. 76. Trigonous. 

- laurifolia. H. xvi. 109. 
Phaseolus coccineus. M. 

- vulgaris. M. 
*Doliclio8 purpureus, 12. 

Oylista tomentosa. M. 
Dcdbei-giece. 

Dalbergia Hookeri. M. 
Pterocarpus erinacea. H. 

- echinata. H. 
Geoflraea mitis. M. 

Sophorece. 

Virgilia capensis. H. 
Sophora racemosa. H. 

- japonica. M. 

- (Edwardsia) microphylla. F. 
CONNARACEJE. Oval, with 3 slits. 

Onestis glabra. M. 



Moringa zelanica. M. 

- pterigospenna. M. 

ANACARDEACE.2E. Oval, With 3 slits. 

*Rhus Ootinus, 8. M. 

- radicans. M. 

- typhina. P. xi. 16. 
Mangifera indica. M. 
Anacardium occidentale. M. 
Pistacia Terebinthus. M. Spherical. 

- - Lentiscus. M. 
Schinus mollis. M. 

COEIARIILZB. According to Mohl, rounded or trigonous. 
Coriaria myrtifolia. M. 
Unexamined. 

According to Mohl, (a) trigonous, with a papilla at each 
corner ; (6) spherical or ovoid, with 3 pleats. 
Staphylea pinnata. M. F. 

- trifolia. M. 

*Melianthus major, 10. P. xvi. 14. F. M. 
*Dodonsea asplenoides, 10. 

- viscosa. M. 

- triquetra. M. 

- angustifolia. F. 



56 POLLEN. 

Sapindacece contd. 

*Acer Pseudoplatanus, 15. P. xvi. 14. F. M. 

- platanoides. M. 

- campestre. M. 

- dasycarpum. M. 

- monspessulanum. M. 

* - eriophyllum, 8. 

* - opulifolium, 12. 
Schmidalia senegalensis. H. 
Kcelreuteria paniculata. M. 

*Xanthoceras sorbifolia, 10. 

*/Eschylus Hippocastanum, 8. P. xvi. 12. F. M. 

* - rubrus, 10. F. M. 

- macrostachyius. M. 

- flavus, 8. M. 
Paulinia senagalensis. M. 
Cardiospermum Halicacabum. M. iii. 19. 
Sapindus emarginatus. M. 
Nephelium lappaceum. M. 

Euphoria punicea. M. 

AMPELIDE^E. Elliptic, with 3 pleats, or spherical or slightly trigonous. 
Vitis vinifera. P. xi. 15. M. 

* - quinquefolia, 10. 

- Labrusca. M. 

- hederacea. M. 
*Leea sambucina, 8. M. 

* - coccinea, 9. 
RHAMNEACEJS. 

Rhamnus frangula. P. xi. 12. 

- alaternifolius. F. 
Colletia serratifolia. F. 

*Trymandrum Billiardii, 4. 

* - sedifolium, 4. 
*Pomaderris elliptica, 10. 

- ferruginea. M. 
*Phylica ericoides, 5. 

- plumosa. F. 
*Ceanothns Lobbianus, 7. 8. 

- pallidus. H. 
Gouania tilisefolia. M. 

*Paliums Spina Christi, 5. 
Oryptrandra Gunneri. Hf. Tas. xi. 
STACKOTISIE^}. 

Stackhousia apiculata. F. 
CELASTRINE^E. 

*Euonymus europseus, 10. 

* - "japonicus. 10. 

- panus. F. 

- latifolius. M. 
Oelastrus pyracanthus. H. 

- scandens. M. 

- oleoides. M. 
Cassine peragua. M. 
Hippocratea obcordata. M. 

Oval, rough, with 3 bands. 
*Ilex aquifolium, 8. F. 



*01ax Wightianea, 5. 



POLLEN. 57 



Olacinete contd. 

*Aptandra Benthamii, 9. 

*Chenophora parvifolia, 10. 

* crassifolia, 11. 

*Natsiatum, 4. 5. 

*Ximenia americana, 4. 

*Strombosia javanica, 9. 

*0haunitia loranthoides, 8. 

*Liriosma villosissima, 8. 

*Ptychopetalum petiolatum, 4. 
Pennantia corymbosa. Hf. N. Z. 
CHAILLIACE^E. Unexamined. 



*Turrsea, 12. 

Melia sempervirens. F. 

- Azedarach. P. xviii. 21. 

Cedrela odorata. M., with 4 slits. 
BUSSEKACE^E. Elliptic, with 3 slits. 
*Amyris balsamiflora, 4. 



*Gomphia decumbens, 4. 

- fimbriata. M. 
Ochna atropurpurea. M. 

SlMAKUBKACE^i. 

Simaba bicolor. M. 
*Brucea antidysenterica, 3. 
Quassia amara. M. 
Aruba acuminata. M. 
Balanites segyptica. M. 
uTACHS!. (a) spherical, without pores, or with few pores, or with many 

pores, or (6) oval, with 3 broad bands. 
Aurantiece. 

*Citrus aurantium, 6. P. xviii. 2. F. i. 8 (with 3 to 8 slits). H. 
xvii. 18. 

- Limonium. H. 
Coolda punctata. M. 
Aglaia odorata. M. 

Todddlie.ce. 

*Skimmia obovata, 10. 

- - japonica, 10. 
Ptelia trifoliata. M. 
Toddalia aciculeata. M. 

- nitida. M. 
Xanthoxylece. 

Esenbachia febrifuga. M. 
Xanthoxylum instrumarium. M. 
(Fagara) triphylla. M. 

- fraxinium. M. 
Boronicece. 

*Boronia megastigma, 8. 

* - elatior, 6. 

* - tetrandra, 7. 

- pinnata. F. 

- Gunnerii. Hf. Tas. x. 
*Corraea speciosa, 10. 

* - cardinalis. H. 
-- viridis. F. 

- alba. F. H. 



58 POLLEN. 

Horoniceee contd. 

*Eriosternon nerioides, 6. 
* niyoporioides, 4. 

salicifolium. M. 

buxifolium. M. 

*Acradenia Franklinii, 11. 
*Zieria Smithii, 6. 

mauritiana. M. 

Pobalium truncatum. Hf. Tas. ix. 
Diosmieeee. 

*Adenandra fragrans, 12. 
Agathosma obtusa. F. M. 
*Diosma ericoides, 11. 

* bucco, 6. 

* capitata, 7. 

. imbricata. P. xvii. 7. 

scabra. M. 

pulchella. F. 

alba. F. 

uniflora. F. 

Barosma serratifolia. F. 

Rutea. 

Kuta graveolens. P. xvi. 9. H. 

villosa. M. 

Buxbaumii. M. 

macrophylla. F. 

Dictamnus Fraxinella. P. xvi. 10. 

* alba, 9. 

Peganum Harmala. M. 



*Galapsea Ruldinii, 9. 

Spiranthera (Tropanthus) jasminoides. M. Trigonous. 
petiolata. M. 



Bcdsaminece. According to Mohl, cylindric; according to Hassall, ' qua- 
drilateral, with a pore at each end.' I have, however, found them 
oval, with smooth or rough bands, or sub-globular. I have not 
seen the pores described by Hassall and Mohl. 

*Impatiens noli me tangere, 6. M. iv. 6 ; ix. 36. H. xvii. 12. MD. 
xxxii. 21. 

* Balsamina, 8. M. iv. 7. Mirb. xxx. 38. 

* sp. 8. 

* racemosa, 7. 10. Rough bands. 

* royleana, 4. 

OXALIDEJS. According to Mohl, elliptic or spherical, with 3 pleats : in 
which I agree, some being singularly smooth and shining, others 

rough ; some elliptic. 

*0xalis Acetosella, 8. WS. 66. I have usually found it globular 
and shining, but rarely oblong and roughish. 

americana, 9. 

corniculata, 6. 

Marlii, 5. 8. 

cernua, 12. 

oregana, 12. 

carnosa, 10. F. 

Martiana. F. 

floribunda. F. xvii. 7. 

tetraphylla. M. 



POLLEN. 59 

Oxalidea contd. 

Oxalis striata. M. 

latifolia. M. 

Rheinwardtii. M. 

sensitiva. M. 

eriorhiza. M. 

rostrata. M. 

sulphurea. M. 

* Plumieri, 10. Oval. 

* bleupteurifolia, 8. 

- crassicaulis. M. 
Averrhoa Bilimbi. M. 

VIVIANE^;. Spherical rough. 

*Viviana grandiflora, 8. 
LIMNAUTHE.S;. Somewhat crescent-shape. 

*Limnanthes alba, 4. Smooth. 

* pulchella, 5. 6. Smooth. 

Douglasii. H. xvi. 100. Echinulate. 

PELAKGONIEJE. Tropseolum, according to Mohl, has a triangular prism ; 
according to Hassall, cylindric and 3-lobed. I find T. majus 
oval, with 3 bands, as represented by Linnaeus ; nothing like 
what Mr. W. Smith has figured it as 67. The T. tricolor is 
narrow curved, approaching to the Limnanthes. Pelargonium is 
rough, oval, or globular, almost echinulate. 

*Tropseolum majus, 6. 9. P. xvii. 11. Pol. i. 36. Lin. 36. WS. 
67. H. Mir. xxxi. 37. Decaisne, Bruxelles, t. xiii. i. 25. 

peregrinum. H. 

* tricolor, 6. 8. 

*Pelargonium hybridum, 18. 26. 

zonale. WS. 61. F. 

* lobatum, 18. 

* capitatum, 20. 

* ramosum, 12. 

* uniforme, 16. 

* fragrans, 11. 

cynosbatifolium. P. xvii. 4. 

peltatum. M. 

Geraniacees. 

*Erodium cicutarium, 15. M. F. 

*Geranium sanguinemn, 20. P. xvii. 5. WS. 6. 

* phlasum, 18. 

* aconitifolium, 25. 

pratense, 25. 

sylvaticum. M. vi. 35. H. xvi. 113. 

* ocellatum, 18. 

* lucidum. 

* moUe, 14. M. 

* Robertianum, 15. F. 

* pyrenaicum, 15. 

nodosum. M. 

palustre. F. 

ZYGOPHYLLACE^;. Ovoid, with 3 pleats. 

Nitraria Schoberi. M. 

ZygophyUum Fabago. P. vi. 35. H. xvi. 113. 

Tribulus. M. 

Guaiacum. M. 

MALPIGHIACEJE. Mohl describes 11 forms, ovoid, spherical, octahedric, 
and cubical, with pores in various places. 



60 POLLEN. 

Malpighiacece contd . 

*Malpighia punicea, 12. H. xviii. 116. 
* sp., 16. 

coccinea. M. vi. 36. 

argentea. M. iv. 4. 

Banisteria anguina. M. vi. 27 ; xi. 12. 
glauciphylla. M. 

versicolor. M. vi. 17. 

Aspidospermum macrocarpum. M. vi. 2 ; xi. 9. 
Hircea odorata. M. vi. 22 ; xi. 50. 
Gaudichaudia triphylla. M. vi. 18 ; xi, 53. 

suffrutosa. M. 

Thriallis longifolia. M. 
Triopteris brachypteris. M. 

HTJMIRIACE^. According to Mohl, trigonous. 
Humirium floribundum. M. 

subvaginatum. M. 

Mohl describes the pollen as ovoid, with 3 pleats ; Hassall as 
square, with 6 tubes at each angle, or cylindric, with 3 lobes : 
but what I have seen have been spherical, with 3 slits. 
Linum usitatissimum. H. xviii. 122. 

africanum. 

* perenne, 10. 

* grandiflorum, 12. 13. 

trigynum, 8. 9. 

arboreum. P. xvii. 18. Trigonous. 

*Radiola Millegrana, 5. 
Erythroxylum ferrugineum. M. vi. 20. Globular. 

sideroxyloides. M. 

laurifolium. M. 

Spherical, or ovoid, with 3 slits. 
*Tilia europaea, 6. P. xvii. 16. H. xvii. 119. WS. 89. 

americana. H. 

parvifolia. M. 

*Sparmannia africana, 8. P. xvii. 15. M. F. 
Oorchorus tomentosus. M. 
Grewia occidentals. P. xvii. 16. M. 

lanceolata. M. v. 23. 

betulifolia. M. 

ulmifolia. M. 

asiatica. M. 

Triumphetta major. P. xvii. 4. 

glandulosa. M. 

Entelia arborescens. F. 
Eleocarpus speciosus. M. v. 33. 
Sloanea paranensis. M. 
Liihea paniculata. M. 

STERCTJLIACE^E. According to Mohl, ovoid, with 3 pleats, or globular 

echinate or with pores at the equator. 
Astrapsea Wallichii. M. 
Hilsenbergia cannibina. M. 
*Dombeya sp., 20. 

pendiluflora. Sch. xvii. 3. 

spectabilis. M. 

elliptica. M. 

acutangula. M. 

Pentepetes phcenicea. M. 
Hugonia Mystax. M. Oval. 



POLLEN. 61 

Sterculiacece contd. 

Biittnera heterophylla. M. 

Kleinovia Hospita. M. 

Pterospermum suberifolium. M. 

Theobroma Cacao. M. 
*Rulingia corymbosa, 5. 6. 

* parviflora, 5. 6. 

*Mahernia violacea, 5. 

* vestita, 2. 3. 

* glabrata, 2. 3. 

*Hermannia angularis, 6. 

* Althajoides, 5. 

* plicata, 6. 

scabra. M. F. 3 or 4 slits. 

hirsuta. F. 

alnifolia. F. 

Thomasia purpurea, 4. 

solanaceum, 4. 

Helicteris hirsuta. M. 
Lasiopetalum quercifolium. F. 
solanaceum. F. 

MALVACEJB. Large, spherical, echinate, with 3 pores. 
*Malva rotundifolia, 25. 

sylvestris. H. Sch. xv. 17. 

* miniata, 25. Mir. xxxi. 31. 

fragrans. H. 

virgata. H. 

mauritiana. F. 

nicseensis. F. 

limensis. F. 

* Althaea rosea, 60. P. xvii. 13. F. B. cxix. 43. H. L. xv. 14. 

taurensis. M. iv. 9. 

officinalis. F. 

Lavatera accrifolia. H. xvii. 12. 

trinervis. S. xvii. 23. 

Olbia. F. 

Malope grandiflora. S. xv. 16. 
Kitaibelia vitifolia. H, F. 
Abutilon strictum. H. xvii. 121. 

Darwinii. WS. 24. 

Sida rosea. F. ii. 25. 
tiliafolia. F. 

vesicaria. F. 

*Howittia trilocularida, 25. 

Pavonia prsemorsa. H. 

Malvaviscus (Achania) madagascnensis, 30. F. 

Hibiscus liliifolium. H. 

syriacus. H. Mir. xxxi. 35. Decaisne, Brux. xiii. i. 15. 

animus. H. 

rosa sinensis. P. xvii. 2. WS. 23. 

trionum. M. ix. 20 ; ix. 39. 

*Gossypium herbaceum, 22. 

religiosum. L. xvii. 13. 

. Oval, 3 slits. 

Pachira (Oarolinea) campestris. M. v. 29 ; ix. 51. 

armellaris. M. v. 22. 

longiflora. M. 

Ochroma Lagopus. M. 



62 POLLEN. 

Bombacece contd . 

Bombax pubescens. M. 

Gossypium. M. 

Wittels' brachia insignis. M. 
Eriodendron Samauma. M. 

DIPTEROCARPE.E. Elliptic, with 3 pleats. 

*Shoria robusta, 5. 
TERNSTROMIACEJB. Ovoid, with 3 pleats. 

*Camellia japonica, 15. F. 

(Thea) viridis. M. 

assamia, 7. 11. 

Ternstromia. M. 
Visnea Mocanera. M. 
Oaraipa glabrata. M. 

paniculata. M. 

Kielmeyera longifolia. M. 

coriacea. M. 

Ruyschia Bakiana. M. 

GUTTIFER^:. 

Oalophyllum Inophyllum. M. 

Platonia insignia. M. 

Olusia insignis. M. 

Monandra gummiflora. M. 

HYPERICACE^J. Elliptic, or ovoid, with 2, 3, or 4 bands. 
*Hypericum Androssemum, 8. 

segyptiacum. F. 

* calycinum, 5. 6. 

* 4-angulare, 4. M. 

* pilosum, 6. 

hircinum. H. xvii. 126. 

perforatum. M. xii. 6. 

canum. P. xxii. 19. 

* pulchellum, 6. 

Vismia baccifera. M. 

guianensis. M. 

micrantha. M. 

TAMARICACE^E. Similar. 

*Tamarix gallica, 4. 
PoRTULACACE^E. Spherical, rough. 
*01aytonia carianata, 10. 12. 
*virginica, 12. 

siberica. P. xiii. 1. 

*Montia fontana, 3. 4. 

caryophyUia. P. xiii. 8. 

*Lewisia brachycalix, 15. 
*Canardinia, 11. 

Galenia ferruginea. M. 

CARTOPHYLLIACE^J. Subspheric according to Mohl, with 6-12 pores. 
I find them usually dodecahedric, except in Spergularia and 
Spirgula, which is simple, elliptic, with 3 slits. 
*Silene inflata, 8. H. 

* maritima, 10. F. 

* Armeria, 9. H. 

* vespertina, 16. H. M. 

dichotoma. M. iv. 10. 

* longifolia, 10. 

pusilla. F. 

*Saponaria viscida, 9. H. 

officinalis. H. M. 



POLLEN. 63 

Caryophylliacece contd. 

*Saponaria altissima, 8. 

Vaccaria. M. 

Gypsophila elegans. H. 

* perfoliata, 7. 

*Dianthus barbatus, 8. H. 
* plumosus, 10. 

deltoides, 11. 

Carthusianorum. M. 

caryophyllus, 10. H. xvii. 114. 

annuus. P. xviii. 13. 

Agrostemma Githago, 12. L. xvi. WS. 90. 

*Lyclinis diurna, 10. M. 

* vespertina, 10. B. cxix. 46. 

flos cuculi, 16. H. 

flosjovis. H. 

* chalcedonica, 10. 

* japonica, 10. 

alpina. F. 

Alsinece. 

*Cerastium. P. xviii. 8. 

aquaticum. F. 

Oollinum. F. 

vulgatum. F. 

*Stellaria Holostea, 10. B. cxiv. 48. 
* graminea, 6. S. xv. 4. F. 

media. F. ii. 1. M. 

* pungens. F. 

*Arenaria graminea, 7. 

* multicaulis, 8. 

* . serpyllifolia, 5. M. 

balearica. F. 

*Sagina procumbens, 4. 5. 
*Spergularia rubra, 5. 6. 

* pentandra, 6. 

*Spergula arvensis, 8-10. 

Holostea umbellata. F. 
FRANKEiaEJ3. Elliptic, with 3 slits. 

Frankenia hirsuta. M. 

hispida. M. 

POLYGALACE^J. According to Mohl, spherical, the barrel formed with 

long pleats ; very beautiful under water. 
*Polygala vulgaris, 8. WS. 94. 
spinosa. Lin. iv. 26. 

bracteosa, 9. 

grandiflora, 14. H. xvii. 123. 

Chamsebuxus, 12. H. M. 

sibirica, 10. 

cordata, 8. F. 

myrtifolia. M. v. 30. H. 

latifolia. F. ii. 1. 

speciosa. H. 

Heisteri. F. 8 bands. 

obcordatia. F. 20 bands. 

Muraltia filiformis. H. 

Myta. H. 

Monninia Xapalensis. M. v. 31. 
*Hymanthera dentata, 5. 
Mundtia spinosa. M. 



64 POLLEN. 

Polygalacece contd. 

Corispermum compactum. M. 

VOCHYSIACE^E. 

*Erisma vestita, 4. 

* Japura, 3. 4. 

*Trigonia Lepas, 6. 

vittosa. M. 

micrantha. M. Spherical, with 8 pores. 

anceps. M. 

salicifolia. M. 

*Lightea, 4. 

*Calisthene minor, 5. M. 
*Salvertia convallarioides, 10. 
*Qualea cordata, 3. 4. 

ecalcarata. M. 

Vochysia ferruginea. M. 

pyramilevis. M. 

Amphilochia qualioides. M. 

TKEMANDKACE^. Oval, with 3 bands and pores. 
*Tremandra ericifolia, 5. 
*Tetratheca verticiUata, 7. 3. 

procumbens. Hf. vii. 

PITTOSPORICE^;. 

*Pittosporum undulatum, 8. 9. F. 
*SoUya heterophylla, 8. 

BlXINE^E. 

Echinocarpus umbellatus. M. 
*0ochleospermum Gossypii, 6. 

Ramontii. M. 

*Flacourtia sapida, 6. 

. cataphracta. M. 

Kiggelaria africana. M. 

ParMa serrata. M. 

VIOLARLS;. According to Mohl, (a) elliptic with 3 furrows ; (b) flat- 
tened, spheroid, triangular, with long pleats ; (c) quadrangular 
or 5-cornered fissures. 

Viola arvensis, 20. 25. 

tricolor, 20. M. vii. 4. H. xvii. 123. B. cxix. 40. WS. 

44. F. 

cornuta, 15. 8. B. cxix. 42. 

montana. H. xvii. 130. 

odorata, 12. P. xv. 9. M. F. WS. 45. MD. xxxii. 6. 

biflora, 9. M. 

semperflorens, 11. 

canina. F. 

sylvatica. B. cxix. 19. 
lutea. B. cxix. 41. 
hirta. F. 
cucullata. F. 
Eiviniana. F. 

Elliptic with 3 bands. 
*Cistus Ladanum. 

canadensis. P. xx. 11. 

*Helianthemum vulgare, 8. 

* breviatum, 10. 

* canescens, 12. 

*Rhodocistus Bertholetii, 12. 
RESEDACEJE. Elliptic with 3 pleats. 



POLLEN. 65 

Resedacece contd. 

* Reseda odorata, 12. F. M. 

lutea. M. 

OAPPARIDE^;. 

Cleome gigantea. M". 

muricata, 7. 

spinosa. H. 

violacea. M. 

Capparis aegyptiaca. M. 

cynophodophera. M. 

tomentosa. M. 

spinosa. M. 

Coffin. M. 

*0ratseva excelsa, 6. 
*Sterophoma cleomiformis, 6. 

RTJCIFEK^;. Ovoid with 3 pleats, cellular or punctate. 
Ardbidece. 

Mathiola incana. H. 
*Cheiranthus Cheiri, 9. P. xiv. 4. H. F. 

mutabilis. H. 

annuus. M. 

*Arabis alpina, 7. M. 

arabis. F. 

caucasica. F, 

crispata. F. 

*Cardamine digitata, 6. 7. 

pentaphylla. F. 

hirsuta. F. 

pratensis. F. 

amara. F. 

*Iodanthus, 6. 

Alyssinete. 

*Aubretia deltoides, 5. 6. H. B. cxix. 12. F. 
*Alyssum saxatile, 6. F. 

podolicum. P. xiv. 9. 

rostratum. M. 

incanum. M. 

saxatile. M. 

montamim. M. 

*Draba, 6. 

Cochlearia officinalis. M. F. 

Pringlia antiscorbutica. B. cxix. 56. 
Sisymbrece. 

*Schizopetalum Walkeri, 6. 
*Sisymbrium officinale. B. cxix. 57. 
* Irio, 6. 

angustifolium. M. 

*Pachypodium, 7. 

Heliophila araboides. H. 
Hesperis matronalis. M. 
Brassicece. 

*Brassica oleracea, 8. H. xvii. 130. M. 

Napus. M. 

(Sinapis) alba. H. M. 

* nigra, 8. 

*Diplotaxis muralis, 10. 
*Villa pseudocytisus, 7. 8. F. 
*Orychophragma sonchifolia, 6. 

F 



66 POLLEN. 

Lepidecs. 

*^Ethionema orientalis, 3. 6. 

*Lepidium sativum, 4. 

*Capsella bursa pastoris, 3. 
TUaspidea. 

*Iberis odorata, 7. 8. M. 

* sp . 3. 4. 

umbellata. M. 

sen3pervirens. M. F. 

Hutchinsia australis. Hf. iv. 
Thlaspi arvense. M. 

perfoliatum. M, 

I&atidece. 

Peltaria alliacea. M. 
Bunias orientalis. P. xiv. 1. 
Myagrain paniculatum. M. 
CaJtilece. 

*0akala maritima, 11. 
Orambe grandiflora. P. xiv. 17. 

cordifolia. M. 

Raphanece. 

*Raphanus sativus, 9. M. 

Raphanistum. H. 

caudatus. P. 18. 

PAPAYEEACEJU. According to Mohl, Papaverece ovoid or spherical, with 
3 band?, narrower or punctuate ; Fumariece, spherical, with 6-8 
papillae, or with 3 bands, with triangular or cubical prisms or 
dodecahedrous. Hassall gives Papaverese cylindric with 3 tubes, 
or spherical with 6 fissures ; the Fumariese spheroidal with 6 
apertures. I find them as described by Mohl ; but the Fumaria 
officinalis I should call more cubical, with a large pore on each 
side. 

Fumariece. 

*Fumaria officinalis. H. xxiii. 153. WS. 81. 

spicata. M. ii. 36. 

*Dielytra formosa, 8. P. xiv. 22. H. 

* canadensis, 7. P. 

*0orydalis lutea, 9. P. xiv. 6. 

* SC) lida, 8. 

* bulbosa, 9. 

* cava,9. 

* capnoides, 10. 

* claviculata, 8. 

Papaverece. 

*Eschscholtzia californica. H. xvii. 164. 
*0helidouium, 5. 

majus, 8. M. H. P. xv. 6. F. 

Glauciuin luteurn. P. xv. 7. 

*Bocconia cordata, 4. 
*Sanguiuaria, 15. 
*Meconopsis cambrica, 4. 5. 

simplicifolia. Hf. Sik. 8. 

nepalensis. Hf. Sik. 9. 

*Argemone mexicana, 8. 
*Papaver soniniferum, 10. 

* bracteatuni, 9. 

orientale. P. xv. 3. M. 

* Rhoeas, 4. 5. M. WS. 88. 



POLLEN. 67 

Papaverea contd. 

*Papaver dubium, 8. 

* - pilosum, 6. 9. 

- aurantiacum. F. 
*Platyloma californica. 

SAKRACENIACEJE. Ovoid, with 8 bands with pores. 
*Sarraeniia flava, 7. 

* - purpurea, 6. 

* - (hybrid), 7. 

NYMPHEACE^:. Ovoid, with a single slit, either echinate or smooth. 
*Nelumbium speciosum, 15. Echinate. 
*Nuphar luteum, 15. 
*Nymph8ea alba, 9. 

* - stellata, 12. Smooth. 

* - Lotus, 10. M. i. 29. 

* - purpurea, 8. 

* - pubescens, 5. 
BERBERLDACILE. Globular. 
Serberidees. 

*Berberis Aquifolium, 9. F. 22. 

* - japonica, 9. 

* - dulcis. 10. 

* - asiatica, 10. 

* - Darwinii, 12. 

* - vulgaris, 9. F. 
*Epimedium alpmum, 10. H. M. 

* - pinnatum, 10. 

* - grandiflorum, 10. 
Leontice Leontopetalum. M. 

- altaica. F. 
*Bongardia Kowalfii, 13. 
*Diphylleia cymosa, 7. 
*Jeffersonia diphylla. P. xv. 4. 

Podophyllum peltatum. P. xv. 5. 
*Aceranthus diphyllus, 9. 
Lardizabalece. 
*Akebia, 6. 
*Holbollia latifolia, 4. 5. 

Decaisnea insignis. Hf. Sik. 10. 
MENISPERMACE^:. 
*Stephania, 11. 

Menispermum canadense. M, 

Oissampelos orbiculatus. M. 

- niauritianus. M. 



*Meliusa, 10. 
MAGNOLIACEJE. 
Schizandrece. 

*Schizandra, 6. 
Winter ece. 

*Drymis Winteri, 9. 

* - aromatica, 7. 
*Illicium anisetum, 6. 

* - floridum, 7. 

MAGNOLIE^:. Simple, elliptic, with 1 slit. 
*Magnolia, 8. 

* - Yulan. 

* - furcata, 10. 



68 POLLEN. 

Magnoliece contd . 

Magnolia grandiflora. H. xviii. 150. 
- glauca. H. 
Michelia Oathcartii. Hf. Sik. 6. 
Talauma Hodgsonii. Hf. Sik. 6. 
Liriodendrum Tulipifera. P. xvi. 5. 



*Hibbertia dentata, 8. 

* - ericifolia, 6. Hf. Tas. iii. 

- crenata. P. xvi. 4. 

* - Rheadii, 8. P. 

* - saligna. M. 

- canescens. M. 

- grossularieefolia. F. 
Oandollea cuneiformis. H. 
Delima. M. 

Ouratella. M. 
Tetracera. M. 



Pceoniece. Ovoid, with 3 slits ; large. 
*P8eonia coralina, 20. 

* - montana, 10. F. 

- renifolia. P. xvi. 3. 

Helleborece. Ovoid, with 3 slits ; smooth or punctate. 
*Aconitum Napellus, 4. 7. 

- Lycoctonum. P. xvi. 13. 
Delphinium Staphysagria. H. M. 

- Reginse. P. xv. 14. 

* - elatum, 8. 

- Ajacis. M. 

- Oonsolida. M. 

- tricorne. F. 
*Aquilegia vulgaris, 7. 

- Gibsoni. P. xx. 16. 
Nigella damascina. M. ii. 2. 

*Isopyrum thalictroides, G. F. 
Eranthis hyemalis. F. 
*Helleborus niger, 8. 9. F. 

* - lividus, 7. 8. 

- fuscus. P. xvi. 2. 

- foetidus. H. M. F. 

- purpurasceus. F. 

- viridis. F. 

*Trollius europseus, 5. M. F. 
Caltha palustris. P. xvi. 1. M. F. 
Ranunculece. (a) Globular echinate ; (b) ovoid, with 3 slits and 

bands. 
Ranunculus arvensis, 15. 

muricatus, 8. 

montanus, 6. 

- lomatocarpus, 8. 

pyreuaicus, 6. 

- auricomus, 7. 8. F. (4 slits.) 

bulbosus, 7. 

- acris, 6. 11. H. xviii. 156. M. ii. 7. 

repens, 5. 

parvifolius, 8. 

- Ficaria, 8. B. cxix. 11. F. 
--- asiaticus, 8. Dodecahedric. 



POLLEN. 69 



Ranunculea contd. 
* Ranunculus giganteus, 12. 
Philonotis. F. 

flammula, 4. 5. 

Lingua, 8. Spherical. 

pumilus, 5. F. 

aconitifolius, 6. 

hederacea, 8. 

aquatilis. F. 

Anemonece. 

Adonis Eestivalis. M. i. 25. 

vernalis. P. xii. 12. F. 

pyrenaica. 

Anemone Pulsatilla, 8. P. xv. 13. 

Ooronaria, 8. 9. 

Pavonina, 9. 10. 

hortensis, 8. F. 

vitifolia, 12. 

vernalis, 10. 

alpina, 6. 

pulchella, 9. 10. 

blanda, 8. 

Halleri, 11. 

arborea, F., 

apennina, 6. 7. F. 

nemorosa, 6. F. 

trifoliata, 8. 9. 

canadensis, 8. 

Hepatica, 10. F. 

polyantha, 5. 

narcissiflora, 8. 

sylvestris, 3. 5. 

Thalictrum majus, 4. 

flavum, 4. 5. 

glaucum, 4. 6. 

Clematidece. 

Atragene austriaca, 7. 

alpina. M. 

Clematis montana, 7. 

reticulata, 2. 3. 

caerulea, 5. 

flammula, 7. 10. 

Buchaniana, 4. 5. 

vitifolia, 6. 6. 

orientalis, 5. 6. 

Jackmanii, 6. 7. 

erecta. M. 

angustifolia. M. 

linearis. Hf. Tas. i. 



EXPLANATION OF THE PLATES. 



1. Zea Mays (~^^ : . a beautiful 
topaz colour, transparent, pris- 
matic, with 4 sides, the top 
larger than the bottom. 6. from 
the top looking through the 
prism. 

2. Triticum saiivum (~) ; 6-5- 
sided, with hollows in each side 
and the ends. 

3. Alopecurus P <fl ^ eW5 ^(^) : a - 8 ^~ 

milar, but narrower, b. the bot- 
tom, c. the top. 

4. Festuca ovina (^). similar. 
b. top. 

6. Panicum plicatum (^^); nearly 

globular, with three pleats, and 
hollows under each pleat, b. 
under water clouded. 

CYPEKACE^:. 

6. Carex panicea (^5): 4-sided, 

with hollows on each side. 

b. pyramidal, c. oval ; oval- 
clouded. 

7. C. arenaria (|=J-|J) : a. an elon- 
gated pyramid. b. parallel 
sides, with pores in each side. 

c. withered form. 

8. Cyperus alternatus (|^) : 
3-cornered. 6. looking down. 

PONTEDERACE.ZE. 

9. Pontederia dilatata,Bu8.(~) ; 

eye-shaped, with a single pleat, 
somewhat rough numerous ra- 
phides in the anther cell. 



JTJNCACEJE. 

10. Juncus efusus, L. (^) : a. 4- 

6-sided, prismatic, smaller at 
ends, with hollows on each side. 
b. swelling in oil. c. globular- 
clouded. 

11. Xerotes longifolia (-~~) : a. 3- 

cornered. b. c. in vinegar rough 
and globular. 

ASPAEAGE^;. 

12. Dianella strumosa ( - ^: a. 8- 

\600u / 

cornered, b. in oil. 

13. AsparagiLS officinnlis (^^): 

eye-shaped, b. in oil. c. in vine- 
gar. d. in water globular oil-dif- 
fused. 



14. Astelia Cunnaghamii, Hook. 



b. in oil. c. in vinegar, d. in 
water. 



15. Philesia buxifolia, Lam. (^~) 

echinulate globular; no pores 
found ; no change in oil or 
water. 

16. Trillium erectum (^):. oval 

or nearly globular - opaque. 
b. c. under oil four or five 
facets with a pore on each side. 
d. in water globular clouded ; 
with large raphides in the 
anther cell. 



POLLEN. 



LlLIACEJS. 

17. Lilium auratum ( 3 ) : a ' bril- 

liant orange red ; a strong net- 
work. b. in oil a long slit ; oil 
diffused in the olive oil. 

18. Brodiea sp. (^) : a. yellow, 

punctured with green spots. 
b. gibbous. 

19. TuKpa Gesnerii,L. (^) : a. oval, 

with a single slit, yellow ; in 
oil opening out with 2 or 3 
folds, or c. d. opening in a 
straw-bat shape. 

20. Scittanutans(^) : a. elliptic, 

with 1 slit. 6. oval. 



AGAVE^E. 
21. Bischemoria Tondli 



n 



4 cells, and the rich outer coat 
of lacework. 



ASPARAGIKE^. 



; 3- 



22. Stylandra pulchella 
cornered, pyramidal. 

23. Drimyopsis Kirkii (jj^jj) : a. 

crystalline like a tooth, b. c. in 
oil showing pores at each side. 
d. oval clouded. 



24. Anthurium Hookeri, Kth. (^r^) ' 

a. rough, globular; pore dis- 
covered in water, b. almost 
transparent, numerous minute 
raphids in the anther cell. 

25. A. cor data (g^) j globular, 
rough. 

TYPHACE^;. 

26. Typha latifolia, L. (g^)); sub- 
globular, with 4 valves, which 



open out under oil or water ; 
numerous raphids in the anther. 

PALMACEJJ:. 

27. Areca Baueri (^5) : trans- 

parent, eye-shaped, smooth, b. 
in water oval, clouded. 

APONOGETOKELE. 

28. Aponogeton distachyum (^555) : 

a. elliptic, minutely punctulate, 
1 slit. b. in oil. c. in water glo- 
bular, clouded. 

FLTTVIALES. 

29. Potomogeton crispm, L. (^5) : 

a, a simple sack, rough, b. in 
water globular and somewhat 
echinulate. 



30. Triglochmpalustris, L. (~^~) : a. 
eye-shaped, 1 opening with rough- 
nesses. b. globular clouded. 

ALISMACE^J. 

31. Alisma Plantago (^5); poly 
hedric, pores in each facet. 



32. Hydrocleis Humboldtii (/): 
a. echinulate, globose, b. the 
prickles* disappear under oil, 
when 3 pores become visible. 
c. clouded in water. 



DlOSCORIDE^l. 



33. 



a. 



oval, with a strong band, pitted. 
b. in water globular, clouded, nu- 
merous raphids in the anther 
cell. 



POLLEN. 



73 



AMARYLLIDACE^. 

(25 \ 
6000J' a ' 

a long ellipse; the extine covered 
with yellow matter ; thickened 
at the ends. b. under oil the 
oily matter is diffused and the 
network becomes visible, c. in 
water it contracts in length and 
has the oily particles in drops. 

35. Alstrcemeria curtisiana (^QQ) : 

yellow, in natural state opaque. 
b. with delicate markings ; pale 
lilac, and with pale yellow 
markings, with a long slit. c. 
in vinegar oval, finely marked ; 
in water nearly globular, with 
circular rim of oily blots all 
round. 

36. Amaryllis formosissima (^5) : a. 

1 slit ; the exline punctulate. b. 
oval in water. 

37. Crinum sp. ( QQQ) : . yellow, 
punctulate. b. with 1 slit with 

2 coverings, c. in water oval. 



IBIDEM. 

38. Crocus syriacus (^jj) 5 smooth, 
globular. 

39. Schizostylis coccinea (^5); with 
# single pleat, with minute lines 
on the coat. 

40. Gladiolm (hybrid) (^_); ex- 
tine pitted, with a long slit ; in 
water globular. 

41. Iris sinensis (^5) : a. rough, 
broad, oval. b. in oil with long 
slit ; in water globular and 
clouded. 

42. Iris elatior 
1 slit. 



j reticulate, 



TACCACE^;. 

43. Tacca altocarpifolia (^555); hy- 
aline, oval, with 1 simple open- 
ing. 

44. Ataccia cristata (jjjoo) ! " J e ^~ 

low, 1 slit. b. in oil 1 or 2 folds 
on the covering, which is deli- 
cately marked. 

45. Musa paradisiaca (J^) ; broad, 

oval, with rough lines; un- 
altered in water. 

46. Canna indica (g-J|g) ; globular, 
rough, almost echinate ; unal- 
tered in water. 

DICOTOLYDONE&. 

OTCADIE^:. 

47. Ceratozamia mexicana, Brow. 

/ -tr\ < 

3 slits, b. in oil. c. in vinegar. 
d. in water globular and clouded. 



48. Cryptomeria japonica, Don. 

(e<x)o) : " su ^- s P ner i ca ^ some- 
times with a little projection. 
b. in oil somewhat cubical, c. in 
vinegar with turbid fovilla. d. 
and e. in water bursting with a 
cloud of oily particles mixed 
with fovilla through a crescent- 
shaped opening. 

49. Juniperus communis, L. (005) : 

a. sub-spherical, with 4 or 5 
valves apparently, b. in oil 4-5 
valves, transparent, c. in vinegar 
spherical, d. in water. 

50. Cupressus Benthami, Eud. (^joo) : 
a. 3-4-sided. b. c. in oil. d. in 
water. 

51. Pinus laricio, Pair. (^55): a. 2 
oval masses full of greenish-yel- 



74 



POLLEN. 



low fovillae, connected by a thin 
circular plate. b. somewhat 
opening out in oil ; unaltered in 
water. 

52. Larix communis, L. ( 6 "^j : #. 
globular rough, with 3 pores. 
b. in oil more transparent, c. 
in vinegar with oily blots dif- 
fused ; in water globular and 
clouded. 

OORYLACEJ5. 

53. Corylus avettana, L. (gooo) * " 
when fresh globular, but rapidly 
becoming poly hedric, with penta- 
gonal facets with a pore in each. 

b. in vinegar, c. in oil. d. in 
water. 

54. Carpinm JBetuliis, L. (^5) : . 
opaque, globular, b. with 3-loop 
openings, with a pore in each. 

GTJPULIFER.aE. 

65. Quercus cerris, L. (~) : a. 

oval, with 3 bands and slits, the 
bands minutely fitted, b. in 
vinegar somewhat 3-cornered. 

c. in water subspherical, with 
the remains of 3 pores. 

66. Fagus sylvattca, L. (^) : a. 

broad, oval, with 3 slits, b. seen 
endwise. 

CYTINACEJE. 

57. Cytinus hypocystis, L. (~) : 
a. oval, with a pore. b. united 
in 4 pairs, c. globular in water. 

ARISTOLOCHIACEJ3. 

58. Aristolochia clematitis, L. (~) : 

. opaque, rough globular, b. 2 



bands visible in oil. 
gar. 



c. n vine- 



59. Aristolochia brasiliensis, Matt. 

and Z. (|j^) : a. globular rough. 
b. in vinegar with delicate work- 
ings on the edge. 

EFPHORBIACE2E. 

60. Euphorbia bupleurifolia, Jou. 

(e55o) ' shimn S> yellow, elliptic, 
with 3 slits ; in water globular 
clouded. 

61. Poinsettia pulcherrima (^ ); 
oval, rough, with 3 slits ; in oil, 
with a margin from the rough- 



62. Mercurialis perennis, L. (^) 

a. smooth, elliptic, with 3 slits. 

b. in oil. c. end up. 

63. Croton humilis, L. (^) ; glo- 
bular, rough, opaque, with 3 
slits. 



64. Salix pentandra, L. (^5) : 
oval, with 3 rough bands, b. 
end up. c. in oil. d. in water 
3 bands still visible. 



65. Platanus orientalis, L. (5555) ; 
a. very minute, oval, opaque, b. 
in oil, with 3 bands, c. in water 
spherical. 

BETULACE^;. 

66. Alnus glutinosa, L. (g^j) : a - 
opaque, polyhedric. b. in water 
sub-globular. 

ULMACE^E. 

67. Ulmus campestris, L. (gooo) ' 
globular, rough, with curved 



POLLEN. 



75 



markings, a. b. c. opening at 
one side. d. in water. e. in 
vinegar, 5-cornered, polygonal. 



68. Cannafas sativa, L. (~ Q ) ; oval, 
transparent, with 3 slits ; globu- 
lar in water. 

HORACES. 

69. Dorstenia maculata. Lam. (~ n } ; 

V6000/ 

polyhedric, 6 sides to each side 
of each facet; in water sub- 
globular, with many facets. 

URTICACE^. 

70. Parietaria officinalis, L. (^) 
globular, reticulate. 

PROTEACE.&. 

71. Grevillia macrostylis (^55). 

72. Grevillia lanceolata (^]-, 3- 

\ OUOO/ 

cornered, but little altered under 
oil, vinegar or water. 

73. Banksia ^^grifolia^^) ; with 

but 2 pores. 

ELEAGNACE^:. 

74. Eleagnus hm-tensis, M.S. (~) J 
opaque, with 4 slits (in oil) ; 
under water spherical, clouded. 

THTMELE^:. 

75. Daphne odora, Thu. (^) ; 
opaque, globular; under oil 
rough, with a margin ; in vine- 
gar almost clear, with a margin. 

LATJRINE.E. 

76. Laurus nobilis, L. (^) ; globu- 

lar, rough ; under water with a 
margin. 



77. Corriogiola littoralis, L. (~); 
minute, sub-spherical. 

OHENOPODIACE^:. 

78. Chenopodium Bonus Henricus, 
L. (jjjjUo) ; sub-spherical, punc- 
tate ; in water, with numerous 
blots of oil protruding. 

AMARANTHE^:. 

79. Amaranthus tristis, L. (g^) ; 

sub-spherical, with numerous 
facets. 

80. Cdotda cristata, Moq. (^5); 
polyhedric, with pentagonal fa- 
cets ; in oil, with distinct echi- 
nation. 

81. ^Evrasanffuilenta(^^^\ ; polyhe- 

dric, with 5 pentagonal facets ; 
in oil a pore visible to each 
facet. 



82. Rheum officinale (^5); oval, 
rough, with 3 bands and slits. 

83. Rheum undulatum (^555) : el- 
liptic and smooth, with 3 slits. 
6. in oil more clear, c. end- 
wise. d. in water spherical, 
clouded. 

84. Polygonum Bistorta, L. (~^J) > 

rough, oval, with 3 slits; in 
water spherical, clouded. 

85. Polygonum hydropiper, Z-. 

(eooo) 8 P nerical > echinulate ; un- 
altered in water. 

86. Rumex obtusifolium, L. (g^J 5 

somewhat 4-sided, with 4 pores ; 
in water globular, clouded. 



76 



POLLEN. 



PHYTOLACCACE^;. 

87. Rivina humilis, L. (^) j globu- 

lar, with 3 pores. 

88. Rivina Icevis, L. (^^) j oval, 

with small facets. 



89. Pisonia olfersiana, Lamk. (^5) '> 
opaque, spherical, unaltered in 
water ; numerous raphides in 
the anthers. 

90. Bougainvttlea spectabUis (^5) 5 

polyhedric, a pore in each. facet. 



MONOPETALJE. 



91. Plantago media, L. (^55) : a - 
sub-spherical, opaque, b. c. in 
oil, polyhedric, with many penta- 
gonal facets, with a pore in each. 
d. in water, spherical, clouded. 

92. Littorella lacustris (g^) : 

sub-spherical, b. c. in oil, with 
punctate bands, d. globular- 
clouded. 

LABIATA. 

93. Scutellaria coccinea t H. B. and 

/ 10 \ 

K ' Veooo) > oval > P^ctate, with 
3 bands and slits. 

94. Ajuga reptans,L. (g^); simple, 

oval, with 3 bands and slits ; in 
water globular clouded. 

95. Ocymum sanctum, L. ( ) ; 
oval, with 6 bands and slits ; in 
water globular, the bands barely 
visible. 

96. Salvia candea (^) : a. oval, 



with 6 bands and slits, b. the end 
upwards, c. in water globular, 
with drops of oil protruding. 

97. Plectranthus australis, Brown. 

( 6 ); 3 rough bands and 3 
slits. 

98. Prostanthera nivea, Gesn. (^55) " 

a. 3-cornered, sub-globular ; in 
water globular-clouded. 

99. Melittis melissi folia, L. fsss) : 

7 \bU\/l/'' 

a. oval, opaque, b. somewhat 
drop-shaped, c. in water glo- 
bular-clouded. 



VERBENACE^;. 

100. Cyclonema myricoides, Hook. 
(GO!)) ' 8 P^ er ical, echinulate ; 
unaltered in water. 

101. Clerodendron Thomsonianum, 
Ball (^); oval, 3 slits; in 
water clouded, with a margin. 

102. Clerodendron f (|jj ?) : a. som e _ 
what cubical, rough, with pores. 
b. and c. in oil. d. effete sack. 

/ 1 2 \ 

103. Clerodendron spicatum (5^5) > 
circular, flattened, with echinate 
margin ; in oil the echinulations 
scarcely visible, furrowed. 

104. Lantana Radula, Sw. ; oblong, 
a slit visible at the top ; in oil 
the sides slit and open ; in water 
spherical-clouded . 

105. Spielmannia africana, Wild. 

(&iw) : a ' s u k-glb u l ar j 3 slits. 
b. in oil. c. in water. 

106. Aloysia citriodora ( ^7^ : a. el- 

\bOOO / 

liptic, with 3 furrows, b. in oil 
the furrows bifid, c. in oil. d. 
in water. 

107. Petraea erecta, Lod. Qj~*) ; ob- 
long, flat, a pore at the ends ; in 
water 3-cornered. 



POLLEN. 



77 



ACANTHACE^J. 

108. Cyrtantliera cJirysantha (~j^ : 
a. oval, 3-6 bands, b. in oil the 
bands showing spots in one or 
two rows; the bands, or spots, 
composed of round clots, some- 
times opaque, some transparent. 
c. with the flovilla bursting ; in 
water, thick clouded. 

109. Dadalacanthus macrophyllum 
(e^o) ' c 1 t )ular reticulations ; 
in vinegar or water oily drops 
extruded. 

110. Thunbergia Haivteyana, Wall. 
(eJjJo) : a. a coil of 7 plies, b. end 
up. c. in water. 

111. Sanchesia speciosa, (^oo) ' <*>. 
a coil of 8 plies, with a row of 
pores on the plies, oval, or nearly 
globular, b. unfolding slightly 
in vinegar, each pore extending 
fovillse. 

112. Amphiscopia PoJdiana, Nees 

(edo) oval > witl1 minute ecni ~ 
nation. 

113. Acanthus mollis,L. ( 6 JJJ ); finely 
reticulated, oval. 

114. Aphelandra pvlcherrima, Hook. 

(m) > oval > 3 slits > rou s h - 

115. Pei'istrophespeciosa,Nees\'^) 5 
oblong, a coil of 8 folds, pores 
on the coil ; in water oval. 

116. Goldfussia biceps, Nees (~) : 
a. narrow ellipse, a long coil, 
pores in the coil. b. spreading 
in vinegar. 

117. Sericographis Gheisbrechtiana, 
Nees (J^): a. elliptic, numerous 

VoUvU'' A ' 

pores, b. in oil the coil barely 
visible ; in vinegar oily dops 
extruded. 

118. Barleriajlava,Jacq.: a. oval, the 
extine crimped so as to make 



a rough exterior covering, b. 
end up. c. in water the oily 
drops and fovilla escaping. 

119. Eranthemum crenulatus, Wall. 
(eooo) ' ova ^ 1 k an cl visible ; but 
in vinegar the coil becomes 
visible ; in water globular. 

120. Lankesteria parviflora (~) ; 
oval, 10 plies of coil ; in water 
globose reticulate. 

121. Fittonia gigas (~) ; oval, op- 
aque ; in oil with obscure bands ; 
and in water jets of oil ex- 
truded. 

122. Asystasia coromandeliana, Nees 
(eooo) ' su b-klng, with depres- 
sions on either side; in oil a 
3-fold coil ; in water globular. 

123. Asystasia capensis, Nees (gj^) : 

a. sub-spherical, 16 spiral bands. 

b. in water. 

124. Thyrsacanthus strictum, Nees 

(GOOO) : " ova *> w ^ ^ bands. 
b. in oil separated, c. in water. 

125. Justicia calytriche, Hook. (^~ ) : 
a. and b. sub-oblong, 12 spiral 
bands, c. in water, d. a bit 
of the spiral band detached. 

126. Libonia Jloribunda (^5); sub- 
globular, sub-oblong, with rows 
of pores ; separating in oil. 

127. Elytraria crenulata, Vahl: a. 
oval, with spiral bands, b. in oil. 



128. Bignonia speciosa, Hook. (g^ ) : 

a. opaque, rough, sub-globular. 

b. in vinegar oily drops extruded. 

129. Bignonia stans, L. (^) ; oval, 
with 3 furrows ; in water glo- 
bular. 



78 



POLLEN. 



130. Amphicome Emodi,Royl (^55) > 
spherical, witli many bands. 

GESNERACEJE. 

131. JEschynanthus speciosa (~) : 
a, smooth, oval, 3 furrows, b. 
end up. c. in water. 

132. Gesnera insignis (^~) : a. ellip- 
tic, 3 furrows. b. end up. c. in 
vinegar, d. in water. 

133. Achemenes, sp. (-) : a. rough, 
elliptic, b. empty, c. in water. 

LENTIBTJLARI^:. 

134. Utricularia montana, Jac. (|^) 
very various in form, from oval 
to 3-cornered or circular ; some- 
times flat, circular, with 6 open- 
ings ; sometimes with a grumous 
inside. 

OROBANCHEJS. 

135. Orobanche rubra, Lin. (^5) i 
minute, broad, oval, 3 slits ; in 
water globular, the slits just 
visible. 

SCROPHIJLARIE^E. 

136. Calceolaria scabiosifolia^ Lin. 
(e^o) : " mmute > simple, rough. 
b. in oil 4 valves visible, c. in 
vinegar globular, the valves 
turned up at the edges. 

137. Schizanthus pinnatus, R. P 
(e^o) : a ' narrow elliptic with 3 
furrows, b. endwise, c. in oil 
d. in vinegar, with oily drops 
diffused, e. in water globula 
clouded. 

138. Mimulus moschatus. Don. ( JM 

V.booO'' 

a. oval, rough, 3 furrows, b. in 
water spherical, clouded. I have 



not seen the coiled form in this 
species. 

139. Euphrasia ojficinalis,L. (^5) : 
a. broad elliptic, rough, with 
deep furrow, b. in water. 

140. Antirrhinum mojus, L. (^5^) : 
a. elliptic with 3 rough bands 
and furrows, b. end up. c. in 
water. 

141. Teedialucida, Rud. (-55) : a. 
oval, 6 furrows, b. in oil 3 bands. 

142. Scrophularia nodosa, L. (gooo) } 
oval, with 3 furrows. 

143. 



a. opaque oval. b. in oil with 
notches in the sides, 3 furrows. 
c. in water clouded globular. 

144. Bartsia odontitis, Huds. (^5) : 
a. oval, rough, 3 furrows, b. 3 
slits end up. c. in water glo- 
bular. 

145. Rhinanthus crista galli (^QO) : 
. elliptic with 6 bands, b. end 
up in oil. c. in oil. d. in water. 



SOLANACE^E. 



146. Srovallia data (^, M, JL, 



12 



14 



eooo' eow' 6^0) 5 multiform. 
1-10. simple, 3 bands and fur- 
rows. 11, 12. circular with 4 
slits. 13, 14, 15, 16. globular 
with 3 pores and bands. 17. 
similar, but much larger. 18-19. 
a flat circle with 5 slits. 20. 
with numerous irregular slits, 
pentagonal in bands. 21. polyhe- 
dric. 23. 3-cornered with pores. 
24. withered grain with 5 fur- 
rows. 26. with 3 furrows, the 
band with transverse furrows. 
27. the same in oil. 



POLLEN. 



79 



147. Nolana paradoxa, Lind. (~^) ; 
sub-spherical to sub-triangular, 
3 pores at each corner. 

148. Solanum dulcamara, L. (^5) 
a. elliptic, b. in oil with 3 slits 
visible ; in water globular. 

149. Lycium americanum (g^) ' <* 
elliptic, 3 slits, the outer with 
most delicate, transverse, parallel 
markings ; in water globular. 

150. Datura sanguinea,B.8fP.(~y, 

broad oval with 3 slits ; in 
vinegar 3-cornered or globular. 

151. Habrothamnusfasciculatus, Eud. 
(eooo) * " P a( l lie sub-oval, with 
3 bands and slits, b. under oil 
the bands torn. c. in water 
globular remains of band. 

152. Juanulloia parasitica, _R. fy P. 

(eooo) : " sub-spherical with 3 
bands. b. c. in oil. d. in 
water. 

CONVOLVFLACEJa. 

153. Convolvulus Scammonia,L.{jr^) : 

a. smooth, elliptic, with 3 bands. 

b. in oil showing the slits, c, in 
water globular clouded. 

154. C. arvensis, L. (^) : a. opaque 
elliptic, b. in oil 3 slits, with a 
rough outer coat with a margin. 

c. in vinegar the slits separated. 

155. C. tricolor, L. (g^): . smal- 
ler, not opaque, rough, elliptic. 
b. in end in oil. 

156. Batatas pentaphyttus, Chris. 

( Jib) s ph er i ca l echinate, with 
numerous facets, each having a 
pore. 

157. Calystegia Sepium, Br. () : 
a. spherical, not echinate ; many 
facets, a pore in each. b. in oil 
v.-ith an apparent margin. 



168. EvovolwUw arbusculus, Poir. ; 
opaque, sub-spherical; in oil, 
with a broad band. 

159. Cuscuta reflexa (^) ; globular, 
opaque ; in oil with an apparent 
margin. 

160. Cuscuta Epithymum \^Q) 
oval, with 3 slits, c. in water 
globular. 



161. Pudmonaria angustifolia, L. 
(eooo/ : a ' cons tricted in the 
middle, oblong, with slight reti- 

culations. b. in oil, opening on 
each side. 

162. Pulmonariasaccharata.Mill. : a. 
oval, with 3 pores, b. c. in oil. 
d. in water. 

163. Symphytumofficinale, L. (^) : 
a. in two divisions, nearly circu- 
lar. b. in water, a halo of fo villa. 

164. Myosotisscorpioides, WHl.(^j^) ; 
minute, dumb-bell shape. 

165. Mertensia mantima (g^oo) 
dumb-bell shape. 

166. Lycopsis arvensis, L. (~-\ ' 
a. somewhat similar, but much 
larger, b. in oil the pore is the 
side visible, with 4 craters on the 
equator ; not shown in the plate. 
c. in water oval. 

167. Borago orientalis, L. (^) : 

oval, smooth, b. end up. c. in 
water oval. 

168. Hdiotropium peruvianum, L. 

(eioo) : " oval > 3 slits - * in 
water sub-globular. 

HTDROPHYLLACE^E. 

169. Eomanoffzsia siktiensis, Cham. 

(eooo) : a ' e llipti c - - en d up. c. 
in water, globular clouded. 



80 



POLLEN. 



170. NemopMla atomaria, _F. fy M 
((So) : " 3-cornered, oval, with 
a pore at each side. b. in oil. c 
end up. d. in vinegar clouded- 
globular. 

POLEMONIACE2E. 

171. Gilia (Leptosyphori) androsacea 
Lind. (^^) : a. 3-cornered, red 
opaque, b. in oil yellow, c. in 
water. 

172. Polemonium reptans, L. (^5 : 

a. globular, white, b. in oil the 
pores visible. 

173. Phlox Di'ummondi, Hook. 

(5550)5 yellow, globular, with 
numerous facets, with a pore in 
each. 

174. Gilia sp. (^) : a. globular, 
with delicate parallel markings. 

b. in water with drops of oil 
extruded. 



175. Gentiana acaulis, L. (^) : 
a. elliptic, rough, b. in vinegar 
oily drops extruded. 

APOCYNEA.OE.aE. 

176. Toxicophlcea Thunbergii (^~) : 

a. 6-sided, b. in vinegar sub- 
globular. 

177. Vmca mayor, L. (^ : a. 
oval, with 3 bands, b. in oil. 
c. in water. 

178. Attamanda cathartica, L. (~^) : 

a. hyaline, oval, with 3 bands. 

b. in water the slits still visible. 

179. Arduina bispinosa, L. (^5) ' 
a. oval, with 3 slits, b. in oil. 

c. in water. 



JASMINEACEJE. 

180. Jasminum nudiflorum (^55) : 

a. oval, rough, 3 broad bands. 

b. in oil. 

181. Fraxinus excelsior. L. (,): 

^oUUU/ 

a. rough, oval, 3 bands, b. in 
vinegar, c. in water. 



182. Jacquinia aurantiaca. Ait (- Q 5 ) : 

a. oval, rough, b. in oil. c. in 
water globular. 

183. Mcesa indica, Ait (- 4 00 ) : a . 
oval, 3 bands. 

184. Clavija latifolia (^5) : . oval. 

b. in water. 

PKIMULACE^;. 

185. Lysimachia thyrsiformis, L. 

(e^o) : " ova1 ' roil ^ n - * in oil - 

c. in water globular. 

186. Cyclamen persicum, Mill. (^;) 
a. oval. b. in oil. c. in water. 

187. Primula sinensis, Lind. \^j ' 
a. oval. b. end up. c. in water. 
(i65o) tnr um-eyed; (^), pin- 
eyed. 

188. Primula auricula (^5) ; pin- 
eyed ; a band with 3 furrows. 

189. Primula cortusioides (^5)* 
oval, end up, 3-cornered. 

190. Primula vulgaris, Hud. (~) ; 
thrum-eyed, 3 furrows, each 
furrow bifid; (^); pin-eyed. 

191. Primula nivalis, Pall. (^5) J 
elliptic. 

192. Androsace Chamcejasme, Wild. 

( 4 \ 

Uooo^* 

193. Dodecatheon Meadti, L. (jj) 
oval, end up, 3-cornered. 



POLLEN. . 



81 



PLTJMBAGINE^:. 

194. Plumbago ceerulea, If. B. fy K. 

(iwti) : " oval > 3 slits ' banda 
punctulate. b. in oil. c. in 
water, the 3 divisions distinct. 

195. Plumbago rosea, L. (555) : 
a. extine puckered, so as to look 
rough, b. in oil, 3 bands visi- 
ble. c. 8 slits, opening longitu- 
dinally. 

196. Armeria vulgaris, L. (g^)) : 
a. greenish, with reticulate mark- 
ings. b. in oil, the reticulation 
puckered, c. in water, 3 bands 
distinct. See Lindl. Introduc- 
tion, No. 22. 

197. Statice Halfordii (jj^) : a. 
spherical, punctured surface. 6. 
in oil 3 valves visible. 



EPACRIDE^. 

198. Leucopoffon, sp. (^) a. oval, 

opaque, b. in oil 3 furrows 
visible. 

199. Styphelea tuUflora, Lin. (^) ; 
hyaline, globular, with nume- 
rous echinations. 

200. Epacris, sp. (~j^) : a. 4 globes, 

3 only visible ; but (b) the 4th 
becoming visible in oil. 

ERICACILffi. 

201. Rhododendrum arbor eum, Lin. 



only 3 visible at a time. 

202. Arbutus Unedo (^) : a. sub- 
cubical. b. in oil rounded, 4. 
c. effete. 

203. Arctostaphylus Uva-ursi, Spr. 
hyaline, parallelepiped. 



VACCINACE^. 

204. Macleania speciosa (gj^) : a. 
4-lobed, sub-pyramidal, b. in 
oil. c. in water. 

205. Thibaudiq pulcherrima (~) ; 
8-sided. 

OAMPANTJLACE^E. 

206. Campanula Medium, L. (^) ; 
globular, echinate. 

207. Campanula hederacea, L. (g^j : 

a. smooth, dodecahedric. b. in 
oil. 

208. Canarina campanulata, Lam. 
(e^o) 5 sub-globular, with 3 
scars. 

COMPOSITE. 

209. Bardenesia rosea, Lind. (^5) '> 
oval, rough, polyhedric, in water 
globular. 

210. Carduus arvensis, L. (^) : 
globular, echinate. b. in water. 

211. Tragopogon pratense, L. ; dode- 
cahedric, a pore in each facet; 
with numerous fine echinations 
on the edge of each facet. 

212. Cacalia splendens (,^5) ; glo- 
bular, echimte, with 3 furrows. 

213. Centaurea scabiosa, L. (^5) ; 
oval, with 3 furrows, smooth. 

214. Centaurea nigra, L. (^ 2 ) ; 
oval, with 3 slits, echinulate. 

215. Centaurea Calcitrapa, L. (^|) : 
with 3 forms, a. b. globular, 
echinulate, with 3 slits, c. oval, 
nearly smooth, 3 slits, d. smal- 
ler, with end up. (e) f. echi- 
nulate, with 3 slits, oval. g. in 
water. 

216. Achittea MMefolium, L. (^) ; 
oval, with 3 furrows. 



82 



POLLEN. 



217. Rhodanthe Manglesii (^5) : 
a. globular, echinate. b. in oil 
the echination disappears, with 3 
slits, c. in water with oily 
drops extruded. 

218. Ainslea pteropoda, DC. (^5) ' 
a. oval, smooth, b. in oil burst- 
ing with 3 slits, c. in water. 

DIPSICACHE. 

219. Enautia arv&nsis, Coult. (J^) : 
a. rough, globular. 6. in oil. 



/ 

220. Centranthus ruber, DC. (jj^j : 
a. echinate; it loses its echination 
in oil. b. 3 slits, c. in water 
subtrigonous. 



/ 8 A 

221. Higginsia macrophylla \^Q) : 
a. elliptic, with 3 slits. b. in 
water. 

222. Burchellia capensis (g Q 8 00 ) ; ellip- 
tic, rough, with 3 pores. 

223. Coccocypsdum repens, Siv. 

(e^o) ' P a( l ue oval ' in oil witl1 
furrows. 

224. Galium palustre, L. (g 000 ) : a - 
elliptic, with 3 bands, b. in oil. 
c. in water. 

225. Ixora coccinea, L. (5^5) oval, 
with 3 slits. 

226. Musscznda Jrondosa, L. (5^) : 
a. elliptic, b. end up. 

227. Mwinda umbellata, L. (^Q) : 
a. elliptic, rough, b. in oil. c. in 
water. 

228. Rondeletia speciosa, Ludd. (^) : 
a. oval, with 3 bands, b. c. d. in 
oil. e. in water, f. in water. 



229. R. fragrant (g~) : a. 3-lobed. 
b. opening out in water. 

230. Pentas cornea, Bent. (^5) ; sub- 
spherical, with 3 bands; with 
minute crystals in the anther 
cells. 

231. Randia longissima (^5) ; 4 glo- 
bular lobes, as in the Ericece. 

232. Palicwria, sp. (J-) ; globu- 
lar, rough; with long raphids 
in the anther cells. 

233. Rhodospermum Gardenii (g oo) 5 
sub-spherical raphids in the an- 
ther cells. 

234. Cephaelis spicata (^55) ; opaque, 
globular, with 3 slits faintly 
visible ; with minute raphids in 
the anther cells. 

235. Manettia micans (^5): op- 
aque, oval. b. end up. c. in oil, 
rough furrows, with numerous 
raphids in the anther cell. 

OAPEIFOLIACE^J. 

236. Sambucus niqra. L. [zsa] : ct, 

** VbUUU/ 

elliptic, with 3 furrows and bands. 

b, in oil 2 slits visible at once. 

c. in water. 

237. Viburnum Tinus, L. (~): 
a. oval, rough, 3 furrows, b. in 
oil. c. in water. 



spherical, echinate ; in oil. 

239. Linncea borealis, L. (~) : a. 
sub-spherical, echinate, with 3 
slits, b. in water with 3 pores. 

240. Diervillia ( Wagelid) rosea, Lind. 
(eooo) ' sub-spherical, rough, with 
3 slits. 

241. Abelia triflora,Br. (^=~) : a. 
oval, crystalline, b. in oil, the 



POLLEN. 



83 



outer coat becoming visible, c. in 
oil, end up. d. in vinegar or 
water, swollen into a sphere with 
3 bands and 3 large craters, with 
fovillse bursting out of them. 

CORITACEJB. 
242. Cornus paniculata, L. Han. 



243. Aucuba japonica, Thun. (~~> 
~) : a. oval, rough, 3 slits, b. 

in oil, trigonous, with drops of 
oil extruded. 

UMBELLIPERS;. 

244. Caucdis anthriscus (^5) ; con- 
stricted in the middle, oval, 
with a band and a crossband 
with pores. 

245. Pastinaca sativa, L. (^) ; oval, 
slightly furrowed, with 3 pores. 

246. Hacquetia epipectis, DC. (^) : 

a. elliptic, with 3 furrows, b. in 
oil. c. in water. 

FlCOEDEJE. 

247. Mesembryanthemum spectabile, 
Ham. (~^ : a. spherical, echi- 
nate, with 3 pores, b. in oil the 
echinations disappear. 

CACTEJE. 

248. Rhypsalis salicornicedes, Ham. 
(eooo) : a ' glk u l ar > 1 po re visible. 

b. in water no pore visible. 

249. Phyllocactus muLtiflorus (~) : 

a. sub-spherical, echinate, with 3 
bands and furrows, b. in oil 
showing the ends of the furrows. 

c. in water the echinations dis- 
appear, and drops of oil are 
extruded. 



broad, oval, with broad band. 

251. Cereus Phyllanthus, DC. (~) : 
a. broad oval, echinate. b. with 
a rough ring. c. in vinegar, end 
up, 3 furrows, or with each fur- 
row dividing into 6 slits. 

252. Opuntia monacantha, Ham. 

(elid) ' var ^ es fr m globular to 
cubical, with 6 or 8 large pores 
and bands. 

BEGONIACE^;. 

253. Begonia, sp. (g^o) : a. minute, 
narrow, elliptic, b. in vinegar, 
oval, with 2 pores visible. 



254. Loasa, sp. 
3 furrows. 



; elliptic, with 



CTTCURBITACE^:. 

255. Trichosanthes Anguina, L.: a. 
oval, with pores on the equator. 
b. in water, with 3 pores pro- 
truding. 

256. Begonia dioica, L. (~) ; el- 
liptic, rough, with furrows, a. in 
oil. b. c. in water, globular, with 
a margin. 

257. Momordica Charantia, L. (^Q) : 

a. opaque, spherical, dark yellow. 

b. in oil the yellow oil is dis- 
persed in the olive oil. 

ONAGBAGELE. 

258. Trapa bispinosa, Roxb. () ; 
sub-spherical, 3 slits, no raphids 
in the anthers. Therefore I 
think it belongs rather to the 
Halagorete, as placed by Lindley, 
than to the Onagracece, which 



G 2 



84 



POLLEN. 



have numerous raphids in every 
other species of the family, and 
the pollen is quite different in 
this from all the rest of this 
family. 

259. Circaa iMtutiana, ' L. (~) ; 
triangular, a pore at each end, 
numerous raphids in the anther 
cell. 

LYTHRACE^;. 

260. Lythrum Salicaria, L. (o. g^ 



low anther of a short staminal 
form, sub-globular, a pore pro- 
truding. b. in oil. c. in water. 
d. pores, a hairy yellow anther 
of a long stamened form, with 
3 bands and slits. /. the end 
up. g. pores a blue anther from 
long stamen, 3 slits, j. in vine- 
gar, 3-cornered. 

261. Cuphia, sp. () : a. triangular, 
rough. 6. in oil opening by 3 
slits, c. end view. 



262. NescBasalicifolia 5 : a. broad, 
oval. b. globular in water. 

MELASTOMACEJS. 

263. Centranthus inequalis (TQQQ) 5 
elliptic, with 3 slits. 

264. Medinilla magnified, Lind. 
(db) ' amilar, very small. 

265. Monachceta multifiora (g~) : 

. broad, oval, rough, 3-6 bands. 
b. in water. 

MYRTACE^. 
266 . Darwinia ( Gentyllis) fuschioides 

(elxj) > trian g ular > a P ore at each 
corner, as in Protaacece. The 
anther-cells are very beautiful, 
with numerous crown-shaped 
cells. 



HALORAGEJE. 

267. Gunnera scabra, R. $ G. 

(two!)) : a ' 8U k- 8 ph er i ca l> w ith 3 
lobes, b. in oil showing the 
lobes more distinctly, c. in 
vinegar, with the 3 lobes and 
fovillee coming out of the slits. 

HAMAMELIBE^;. 

268. Hamanielis virginica, Lam, 

(eSo) : " elli P tic - & - in oil - c - 
globular in water. 

DROSERACEJE. 

269. Drosera rotundifolia, L. (^55) 5 
sub-globular, echinulate, with 3 
slits and bands. 

270. Drosera anglica, Hud. Q~) ; 
larger, with 3 distinct lobes, 
echinulate. 

CRASSUIACE^!. 

271. Grammanthes chloriflorus, DC. 

(eooo) : " e Hipti c > vifa 3 slits 
and bands, b. in vinegar 3-cor- 
nered. 

272. Cotyledon umbilicus (~) : a. 
elliptic, b. end up to show the 
ends of the furrows. 



L. 



coronara 



273. Philadelphus 

(woo) : " elli P tic ? *> 3 fur " 
rows. b. in water globular. 

274. Hydrangea hortensis, Sims. 



rous raphids in the anthe^ 
which are also found in other 
species of the same genus, and 
in Decumaria. 

275. Parnassia palustris, L. (^) '> 
elliptic, rough, with 3 slits and 
bands. 



POLLEN. 



85 



276. Saxifrnga aizoides, L. (^555) * 
a. elliptic, with delicate markings 
on the bands, and 3 slits, b. in 
oil. c. in water. 

277. Astilbe (Hoteia) japonica 



oil. c. in vinegar. 

278. Ribes sanguineum, Purs. (^QQ) 

a. globular, with many pores. 

b. in vinegar pores protruded. 

279. Ribes rubrum, L. (^5); glo- 
bular, with a broad band and 
several pores. 

280. Ribes aureum, Purs. (^) : 
a. prismatic, with pores on each 
side. b. globular in water. 

281. Ribes grossularia, L. (|^) : 
a. two forms ; one globular, as in 
279. b. the others oval, with 
3 bands, c. in water. 



282. Fragaria vesca, L. ( J^) ; el- 

liptic, 3 slits and bands, deli- 
cately marked. 

283. PyruB domestica, L. ( JL) ; 
simple, elliptic, with 3 slits. 

284. Nuttallia cerasiformis, Herb. 
(eooo) the b an< ls delicately 
marked. 

285. 8pbr*a palmata, Pall. (J^) ; 
globular, with 3 slits and bands. 
a, b. c. in oil. d. in vinegar. 

286. Sanguisorba officinalis, L. 

(eooo) : a ' ova ^ w * tu ^ s ^s. & 
in oil. c. in vinegar 6 slits vi- 
sible. 

287. Poterium Sanguisorba, L. 
\GOOO) ' globula^ with 3 bands 
and 3 pores. 



LEOTTMTNOS^E. 

288. Ulex europaa, L. ( J^) ; ellip- 
tic, 3 slits and bands, which are 
of deep yellow, and rough. 

289. Tri folium subterraneum, L. 

(eolo) '> ova1 ' ^^ 3 slits, rough, 
with delicate markings. 

290. Trifolium medium, L. (^5) 5 
rough, with 3 slits and bands. 

291. Lathyrus Aphaca, L. (^) > 
oblong, rough, with broad bands. 

292. Vida sativa, L. (~) : a. 
oblong, rough, with delicate 
curved markings on the bands. 
b. end up. c. in water with 
curved markings. 

293. Saraca (Jonesia) Asoka, Roxb. 
(G^JJO) : a. oval, with 3 bands. 
b. the 3 bands end up. 

294. Cassia biftora, L. ( J^) : a. 
long, elliptic, with 3 bands. 
b. end up. 

295. Cercis Siliquastrum, L. (~) ; 
oval, with 3 rough bands, with 
delicate markings. 

296. Arachis hypogcea, L. (^ ): 
a. oval, with slight reticulation 
in oil. b. in water 3 rough 
bands still visible. 

ANACARDIACE.2E. 

297. Rhus Cotinus, L. (^) ; oval, 
with 3 rough bands. 



298. Acer pseudoplatanus, L. (^5) : 
oval, with 3 bands; rough, with 
delicate markings, and 3 slits. 

299. Pavia rubra, L. (^5) ; oval, 
with broad bands. 

300. Xanthoceras sorbifolia (~) : 
a. oval, with minute echinations, 



86 



POLLEN. 



3 bands and slits, b. end up. 
c. in oil the echinations disap- 
pearing, d. in water. 



301. Pomaderris elliptica, Labil. 
(~7inn) 5 polyhedric, with a pore 
on each facet. 

302. Ceanothus Lobbianus (gooo) ' 
oval, with 3 slits and bands. 



303. 2Zuonymu8 europ&us, L. (^5 
globular, rough, with 3 slits. 



304. Ilex aquifolium, L. (g^) : . 
oval, with 3 rough bands, the 
echinations blunt. b. in oil. 
c. in vinegar. 

OLACINILU. 

305. Olax Wightiana (M) ; flat, 
3-cornered. 

306. Liriostoma vittosissima (^) 5 

pyramidal, 3-cornered, like the 
Myrtacece. 

307. Xeminia americana, L. (^5) > 
oval, with 3 oval craters. 

308. Strombosiajavanica (^) ; oval, 
with but 1 slit found. 

309. Chenaphora parviflora (^5) ; 
disciform, with 6 pores on the 
equator. 

310. C. crassifolia (~) ; disciform : 

a. profile, 3 pores on the band. 

b. full view, with 3 pores, c. 
in water. 

311. Aptandra Benthami (g^) : a. 
oval. b. in oil, polygonous. 



MELIACE2E. 

312. Turrcpa (~) ; 3-cornered, 
with 3 pores. 



OCHNACKSl. 

313. Gomphia decumbem (^5) ; yel- 
low, elliptic. 



SlMAEFBICE^J. 

314. Brucea antidysenterica (g^) * 

a. roug-h, elliptic, with 3 slits. 

b. in water, globular. 



315. Ad&nandrafragrans^~). Two 
forms, one larger : a. a narrow 
oblong, somewhat central up- 
wards, with apparently 2 pores. 
b. but in oil one can find 3 to 6 
longitudinal rough bands, with 1 
or 2 cross-bars, c. larger form. 
d. small form ; 6 interrupted 
bands, e. 2 cross-bars. /. 6 
bands, g. small form. h. trans- 
parent small form. k. in vinegar. 
I. the longitudinal band assum- 
ing the form of a ring. 

316. Galepia RuLdenii (g~) ; globu- 

lar, rough, with 4 large craters 
on the equator. 

317. Diosma ertcoides, Thorn. (~) : 

a. elliptic, with 3 bands and slits. 

b. in water, with drops of oil 
protruding. 

318. Skimmia oblata (~^\ rough, 
elliptic. 

319. S. japonica ( 1 ^ 1 ) : a. oblong 
with 8 bands, b. end up. 



POLLEN. 



87 



320. Eriostemon castratum (^5 
oblong, with glandular dots. 

321. JBoronia megastigma (g^) j glo 
bular, with 3 pores. 

322. Correa speciosa (^555) : ellip- 
tic. b. with 3 slits and pores, c 
end up. 

GERANIACEJS. 



323. Geranium Robertianum, L 
(eooo) " " globular, echinate. b 
in oil,echination becoming blank 
c. in water. 

324. Er odium moschatum, L. (g^ 

. opaque, globular, rough, b. in 
oil, finely marked, c. in water 
with 3 bands. 

PELARGONUG. 

325. Pelargonium unifolium (gjj 

. broad, oval, rough, almost echi- 
nate. b. end up, showing the 3 
slits, c. in oil, sub-globular. 

326. Tropceolum majus, L. (~) : 
a. broad, oval, with 3 rough 
bands and slits, b. 3-cornered, 
end up. 

327. T. tricolor (J=|): a. narrow, 
oblong, curved, b. in oil, show- 
ing delicate markings. 



328. Viviana grandiflora ( ~^) ; from 
the Kew herbarium. Globular, 
opaque, but in oil rough, vari- 
cose. 

LIMN ANTHER. 

329. Limnanthes alba (^); crescent- 
shaped, with 4 or 5 cells. 



330. L. pukhetta (l^); smaller, 
with 2 or 3 cells. 



331. Impatiens Eoyliana (^5) ; hya- 
line, oblong, with numerous 
raphids in anther. 

332. Impatiens sp. (^^)' broad, 
oval, with rough bands, b. in 
water, with 3 bands visible ; 
minute raphids in anther. 

333. Impatiens racemosa, Edg. (JJJJQQ) : 
. rough, oval, ft.inoil. c. in water* 



334. OxdK* Autosella, L. (^5); 
hyaline, globular, shining. 

335. O. americana, L. (^5) ; sub- 
spherical, with 3 bands. 

336. O. Marlii (); yellow, ellip- 
tic, with 3 slits. 

337. O. carnosa, Cam. (^55) ; globu- 
lar, rough, with 3 slits. 



338. Malpighia sp. (^) ; globular, 
with rough projections. 

339. M.punicea(^)\ opaque, glo- 
bular, with faint slits barely 
visible. 

LINAGES. 

340. Linum grandiflorum, Dep. 
(iMo) 5 globular, fine network, 
with 3 pores. 

STERCTJLIACILZE. 

341. Thomasia purpurea (g^oo) : 
oval, with a spot on either side. 
b. in oil, with a cross-bar, c. in 



88 



POLLEN. 



water, globular, with cross- 
band. 

342. Thomasia8olanacea(^)i oval, 
with 3 slits and bands. 

343. Hermannia angularis, Jaef. 



344. Hermannia plicata () : . 
globular, with a rough band. 

345. Hermannia aUhesoides (gooo/ ' 

a. globular, with several pores. 

b. in oil. c. in water, 3-cornered. 

346. Mahernia vestita (Jjj|) ; oval, 
minute. 

347. Rulingia corymbosa (gooo) ' 
globular, with broad rough 
band. 

348. Dombeya sp. (^); globular, 
echinate, with 3 pores, like the 
Malvaceae. 

DlPTEROCARPECE^. 

349. Shorea robusta, Gart. (5555)5 
(from herbarium), oval, minute. 

TENSTEJEMIACEJE. 

350. Camellia Th<eaBohea(L.)(jj^) : 
a. elliptic, with 3 slits, and numer- 
ous oil dots. b. c. d. in vinegar 
the oily drop diffused ; in water 
(e) triangular or globular. 



351. Hypericum androscemum, L. 

(db) ; elli P tic > in water s l - 

bular. 



352. Leivisia brachycalyx {) ; op- 



POKTULACACE^. 

/ 15 \ 

V V6000/ 

aque, spherical, with 3 slits. 
353. Claytonia caroliniana, Mill 
(~~) : globular, with 3 slits. 



354. Calandrina, sp. (~ ) ; glo- 
bular, with pores on the equator. 

CAEYOPHYLLACE^E. 

355. Stellaria graminea, L. (g^) > 
dodecahedric, a pore in each 
facet. 

356. Lychnis Flos cuculi, L. (g^) 5 
polyhedric. 

357. L. Chalcedonica, L. (^55^) > 
icosahedric. 

358. Saponaria altissima (g^) 5 sub- 
spherical or dodecahedric. 

359. Sagina procumbens, L. (g^) 5 
dodecahedric. 

360. Spergularia rubra, L. (~) ; 
elliptic with 3 slits. I find the 
similar form in the Indian 
species a. in S.fallax. Not in 
any other species of the family 
I have examined except Spergula. 

TAMAEISCINEJE. 

361. Tamarix gattica, L. (gj^) 
oval, 3 slits, b. in oil. c. end up. 
d. in water. 

VOCHYSIACE^!. 

(All from the dried specimen.) 

362. Erisema violacea, Mart, (g^) 5 
globular. 

363. Qualia cordata, Spr. (^) ; glo- 
bular with 3 broad bands. 

364. Trigonialcevis, Aub.(~)', oval, 
with 3 slits. 

365. Callisthene minor, Mart. (^55) '> 
3-cornered. 

366. Voichysia Tucanorum, Mart., 
globular, with 3 slits. 



POLLEN. 



89 



POLYGALACE^!. 

367. Hymenanthera dentata, R.B. 
(g^); elliptic, with 3 broad 
bands and slits. 

368. Polygalagrandiflora (^) ; oval, 

with numerous prism bands, like 
rods. 

369. P. bracteata (^5) : a. oval as 
above, b. in oil, the bands ap- 
parently broken in 3 places. 

370. P. vulgaris, L. (^5) : a. oval, 
with a constriction in the middle. 
b. looking like an arch in form 
in oil or water. 



371. Tremandra ericifolia (^5); hy- 
aline, with 3 broad bands. 

372. Tetratheca verticellata, Pax. 



\6000 / ' 

cut off. b. in vinegar trigonous. 

PlTTOSPORACE^. 

373. Pittosporum undulatum, And. 
(|^) ; pale yellow, elliptic, with 
3 bands and slits. 

BIXINEJE. 

374. CochleospermumGossypium,DC. 
(e^o) rou gh> but in oil smooth, 
with 3 slits. (From herbarium.) 

VlOLAKIACILZE. 

375. Viola odorata, L. (^5) : 
oval, with 3 bands and slits, b. 
c. in vinegar, bands broader and 
ultimately bursting, and becom- 
ing globular with oil, drops pro- 
truding, d. in water oval or 
globular. 

376. Viola cornuta, L. (^): a. b. 
broad, oval, with 2 cross-bands. 
c. in oil. d. in vinegar globu- 



lar, with 4 annulars, the bands 
with globules of oil protruding. 
e. in water globular, the cross- 
bands still visible. There is 
also a form similar to No. 376, 
with only the 3 bands. 

377. Viola perfection, hybrid, said to 
be from (J^) : a. bred by Oli- 
branof Altrincham, cornuta and 
tricolor ; oblong, with 5 bands. 
b. c. in oil. d. in vinegar sub- 
globular. e. an effete sack. 

378. Viola ai-vewis, DC. (J^) : 
a. broad, oval. b. in oil with 5 
bands ; in water or vinegar the 
6 bands spreading out peiita- 
gonally. 



a. 



RESEDACILE. 
379. Reseda odorata, L. (^ 

oval, broad bands, and 3 slits. 
c. in water globular, with drops 
of oil diffused. 



380. Sterephoma cleomoides, Spr. 

(eclo) ' op^ 116 * oval witl1 broad 
bands. 

CllTTCIFEBJ3. 

381. JBrassica olei'acea, L. (^5) 

a. oval, rough, with a fine band. 

b. in water ovoid, with 3 slits. 

382. Cheiranthus Cheiri, L. (g^) : 
a. oval, rough, b. in oil, with 3 
slits, c. in water ovoid. 

383. Iberis unibdlatus, L. (^) : 
a. ovoid, rough, b. in oil with a 
margin, c. in water ovoid. 

384. Sisymbrium officinale, L. ( ) ; 
oval roughish, with delicate 
marking. 

385. Schizopetalon Walkeri, Linn. 

(): a. oval, very rough, b. in 



90 



POLLEN. 



oil. c. d. vinegar, 3 slits, e. in 
water, globular, with concentric 
circles. 

PAPAVEEACE.&;. 

386. Corydalis solida, Smith (5555)1 
globular, with a cross-band. 

387. C. cam, Schizy (^5); glo- 
bular, rough. 

388. C. corniculata, DC. (^5) ; simi- 
lar to No. 386, but smoother. 

389. C. capnoides, Pun. () ; glo- 
bular, rough, with minute reti- 
culation; in oil, with 3 pores. 

390. Dielytra canadensis, DC. 
(i) : " ova ^ with fine reticula- 
tion, with racemose round spots, 
with 3 slits, b. spherical in 
water, with drops of oil diffused. 

391. Chdidonium mo jus, Mill 

(e^o) : " y ellow > glo^lar, with 
numerous round spots, b. 3- 
sided at the end, with 3 slits. 

392. Bocconia cordata, WS. (5555)1 
pale, spherical, spotted. 

393. Papaver dubium, L. (j^) 5 
elliptic, roughish, with 3 slits. 

394. P. rheas, L. (^) : a. oval, 
with 3 slits, b. globular in water. 

395. P. somniferum, L. (gooo) ' e ^P" 
tic, pale. 

396. P. bracteolatum, Lind. (~ ) ; 
purple, subfusiform, with 3 slits : 
in oil elliptic, in water globular. 

397. Eschscholtzia californica, Cham. 

(ciSo) : a ' elliptic, yellow with 6 
slits and furrows, b. seen end up. 

SAEEACENIACEJE. 

398. Sarraceniajlava, L. (^5) ; hya- 
line, oval, withered-looking in 



natural state or in oil, with 6 
slits, but in water swelling into 
a globe, with 6 (or 7) pores on 



NYMPHEACE^J. 

399. Nelumbium speciosum, Wild. 

(S?) : " ova *> rou gh' - in il 
roughness is more visible, with 
3 furrows, c. end up. 

400. Nymphcea versicolor, Roxb. 

(mo) ' ova ^ ^^ ^ bands. 
(United to Lotus in Hook's 
Flora.) 

401. N. Lotus, L. ( Jj- ) ; oval or 
sub-globular, hyaline, opening 
with 1 slit. 

402. Nuphar luteum, Smith (^Q) 5 
oval, echinate, 1 slit only appa- 
rent. 



BEEBEEIDE^:. 

403. Berberis japonica, Thorn. (^) ' 
a. spherical, with broad band. 

404. B. asiatica, Roxb. (^] ; sub- 
spherical or dodecahedric, with 
a pore in each facet. 

405. B. dulcis, Sweet. (^); oval, 
with 3 slits. 

406. Bongardia Rowalfii (^); oval, 
rough. 

407. Epimedium alpinum, L. (^^) ' 
a. elliptic, roughish, with deli- 
cate markings, b. showing the 
end with 3 furrows. 

408. Diphylleia cymosa, Mid. (gooo) ' 
globular, echinate. 

409. Holbellia latifolia, Wall. (|=|) : 
. oval, with 3 slits, b. end up. 



POLLEN. 



91 



ANNONACEJE. 

410. Meliusa velutina (^) \ oval, 
with 3 bands and slits. 

MAGNOLIACE2E. 

411. Magnolia glauca, L. (^5) 5 
fusiform, with but 1 slit, as in 
the Liliacete. 

WINTERED. 

412. Drymis Winterii, L. (g^) ; 
sub-globular, rough, with 3 slits 
and bands. 



b. in 



413. Ptsonia corallina, Retz. 
a. elliptic, rough, 3 slits 
vinegar trigonous. 

414. Aconitus Napellus, L. (^5) 5 
oval, with 3 slits. 

415. Helloborus lividus, Ait. (^5) 5 
globular, with 3 slits. 

416. Aquilegia wlgaris, L. (^5); 
oval, smooth, 3 slits. 

417. Adonis pyrenaica, DC. (^) : 

a. oval, with 3 bands, rough. 

b. end up. 

418. Ranunculus bulbosus (^5) : a. 
oval, smooth, b. in vinegar a 
protuberance emerging. 

419. Ranunculus auricomus, L. 

(eow) : " oval > ^ ih a roug* 1 
band. b. in water clouded-glo- 
bular. 

420. Ranunculusjlammeus, --(^) : 
a. oval, rough, 3 bands, b. in 
vinegar globular, with 3 slits. 

421. Ranunculus Lingua, -^'(^QO) : 
a. oblong, in oil. b. globular, 



with a rough band. c. in vine- 
gar the band broader, d. in 
water globular, the marks of 
the bands still visible. 



422. 

a. sub-oblong, with 2 broad 
rough bands. 6. in oil. 

423. Ranunculus arvensis, L. (^joo) > 
spherical, echinate. 

424. Anemone coronaria, L. (^) ; 
purple ; icosahedric, compressed 
laterally. 

425. Anemone pulchella (^5) ; oval, 
rough, with 3 slits. 

426. Anemone pavonina, Lois (^55) 
spherical, verrucose, rounded 
knobs. 

427. Anemone canadensis (^^^) : a. 
oval, with transverse markings. 

b. in oil rough, with a smooth 
band. c. end up. 

428. Anemone alpina, L. (^) ; sub- 
spherical, rough, 

429. Anemone narcissiflora, L. 

(^o) '' oval > rou S h - 

430. Thalktrum favum, L. (|^); 
of various sizes, sub-spherical 
with a broad equatorial band, 
bearing many pores, and a large 
crater at either end. 

431. Thalictrum majus, L. (~) ; 

dodecahedric. 

432. Thalictrum tuberculatum (~) ; 
polyhedric. 

433. Thalictrum glaucumj Desp. 

(eooo) ' two ^ orms : " elliptic. 
b. spherical with 6 bands. 

434. Clematis Jackmani (j^~\: a.ico- 

\oUUO / 

sahedric. b. in vinegar, with 6 
bands, c. in water. 



92 POLLEN. 



435. Clematis orientalis, L. (~^ ; glo- 
bular, opaque. 

436. Clematis Flammula, L. (^) : 
a. oval. b. end up. 



437. Clematis viticetta,L.(~)-, oval, 
rough, with 3 slits. 

438. Clematis montana^Buch. (^5) j 
oval, rough, with 3 slits. 



Errata. 

Page 3, line 11 from top, for Conferas read Coniferse. 
3, 14 Plantagine read Plantagineaa. 
3, 2 from foot, 429-432 read 430-433. 
'6, 6 Caprifolaciaceae read Caprifoliacese. 
7, 7 from top, 425 read 423. 
9, 13 after (R.),ib., read iv. instead of vii. 
, 26 for Exogens read Endogens. 
2 for Lampsana read Lapsana. 



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