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Full text of "The popular encyclopedia; or, 'Conversations Lexicon': [ed. by A. Whitelaw from the Encyclopedia ..."

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I0029280R 



SuBSGHiPTioN Issue. 
nE!it:T ASD rnoROuani? revised edition. 



POPULAR ENCYCLOPEDIA; 



on 



CONVERSATIONS LEXICON. 



EKCTro>t-T:i>tA is founded upoD iLe Qcr[uA» ** CouvcrsAtJoDft Lexicon^" 
irhich, notwithfitanditiH; tLw uumeroua QydopeUiaa that hovw buua publi*hL»d, 

pnblioAtion of tho Conveksatiof^s Lexicon fornu An opooh in popular litnnL- 

The EncyclnjuidiftM whicli li.'ul prHviouBly appeanid hod ■tj'joil loo njuch on wh.it 

c>oaaid«t«d tlicir digniby, aiidnuQ^bt r^tlicr to giv« a aorioB of prufuund Vrvstiaea 

ch^ moro rvcundjlv bnuitLtiii of knowledge^ tliati to ^iribnice idl Ilj« topcc in vhtch 

''iMTtJ Intercast i* fclti And in regard tn irhicU, acccrdin^lj, ^cuaaHiIc «0utc€4 of 

I'r slonr. And accurate informatigrt ar^ oii^rEy di^sirivl- Thojr plan londcrod thorn 

leraalically eitludve, ainJ, coTist-'iiiently, whili^ [irovJding only for mora cultix-nlM or 

r« junbitioua intoUccba, oonatilutirg nL^oosAarily a, xiM^rc fractiiMi of the community, 

irjr overlook^ tho ^FAats of 4 l^rge and constantly incnsasing mnjorily, wbo, without 

V proLeiibioiiH to profeadon^ gkiU or iioy d^Bire to acquire il, loiigi^d to be &t leuat 

fetr acqttftintod with all Bubjccta, Hppculatjve uid prMtical, aj to bo nblo ti> think, 

tiuJ, and Hpoak of thum with siirae mcftsiire of intelli^^^nct- Tlie loof^og whi'rh wns 

ibos fcH, or which, whorv uot f(ilt, roctuircd to he »^vAhonGd. it waa the main objtKt 

uf the CaN\'EiiSATiON9 Lexicon to gratify uid ctimut&te. Tbo flbiUty with which it 

perfonn«d the tiuk neoda no otbt^r atUratatiun thitn lliat whicli Ia runiiedL<<d by it* 

iin|wml]cilf>d auccvaa, not only within tho limitA of Germany, but by tronahticna itmL 

iiuitatioim fn «>v«ry Imgiiagfi of IhA c:ivi]i^ed world 

Tho um of tho Popular £Ncr\'CLOi*ia>iA then^ lik« that of ite prototype the 

00WCKSATlc>NS Lrxicon, IB to gtv*>— 'tiL popular WigUHgtf, aiid in zk furio thnt imnbb!i|i 
M^ to avail thutnnplvtB of it with facility — a Ttwt fitoro of infortnation i'H fill topic* that 
flhNt]ij ihi'. mindnof mi^n at thn prpMint day,<4n aII mattora that hav« Ifrft their iiapr^AV 
voHd'i liiatory. Such a work i« more than evor iudispvnaablc in thcoe titsei^ 
TMding haa boooine eo gonoral^ whoL newspapvru, mnsn^ino*, and othor pcriodi- 
•«n lo siiiltLply wilhiiut rml, nud whun, conioqunntly, rvrnfa from all pmoHa, 
- ftwn all dopnrtmfint« <if «cionoo, nani'^n thiU havo at any time bcou familiar in 
<4hM of m«n, aro brought conitantly before the ncticis of every on« that l«kvi 
^T^ ift tho intoUectual moromenU going cm around him, or any concmn in 
' r .' T^lao« boyond tho narrow ophcro of hia own action. A £ood oucyclo- 
ihrary: \\ r^intains within ilAt^lf, ao to a|>i^, tht^ PABt^iKc ^f thouinndji 
f woll-wrjtton article in an encyclopedia will oilen girc a 
. -... ^' of a lubjoct^ and a mnch clo-orcir notion of tho b<^ng« 
Liid thfiir impoTtAnco, TclattTely, to oach other and to the whoK 
\i\ ii'.Ldiri;^ thtough huudroda of p^^^ in a ^«ciaJ trcatinc on 
iirticlbi also fumi an uxceliflnt pniparativo f^r farther study; 



v* 

L 



SUBSCHIPTIOTT fSftUE. 

RESET AJB TUOROUOniT REVISED SDIT/OX. 



p 



THE POPULAR ENCYCLOPEDIA; 

Ufi 

CONVERSATIONS LEXICON. 



ft work whiclif ii<*twithfcUiidmg the numcrmn Cyclopcdfa* thai hara boen published, 

to Btill pre-eminently Thk ■' WoRLIi-tiKNaWNKT*" Ct^NVKlWATlO^K LkXIOON, 

Th« publication of tha CuyvsiisATiuHs Lexicon tonntt an npcicli in popnUr litivra- 
ttira, Tht? Ei)cjclv>|itdins which had piuviously ^pcAtwl hftd stood tuc« i&uch ua wliat 
waa ooDaidored tlieir dignity^ and sought ratlitr to givt* ft Burius of profomid IruaLieCv 
nn the more roi'ondite branches nf knowledge, thnn la ^^Tllbnu^p all ihn iapirj% in whirh 
a ^LMiml iDtcnst is ft\i^ &nd in repaid ti< wl^ich, accordingly, n^c<:a8ibl(i floijircc« oi 
hnttf clear, and acouratc informaliot are oajjerly desired. Tlwir plan ri^udt-nnl ihcni 
i^yHttona^cally cxi^liidvo, anil» coi]&t:r|Utiut]yt whilo providing only foir nmrc outtivatcd or 
more ambitious mtoUoi3t«, conatituting notiduarily a tnt^re fnu^tian of the conunumty, 
thtfy ovcrlookod the viantB of a lar*^ lUkd ciMi^liinlly iii^ri^iwing tnajfirity^ whi>, vfithniU 
any jTctoMiona tu profeaaional tkill or nny dc:^irc to acquire it* longed to be at Ua^t 
Ao far acquaint^ intb all «nbjeatii, bpeoiiLativ^ and practical^ m to bo abU lo think, 
Tvtvl. iittd Bpcok L»f bliuiu with moiqi? tUL-zuuru of iutt^lli^uucl^ TLo loii^iiig whii'b wiu 
thus felt, or whiuh, whuro not folt, rcifuin^d to hv awiiki^DiMi, it wu thu main objeot 
of tbo CcNMERftATicNft Lkxioon Io gratify md Kiimulaic. Thw ability with wbieh it 
performed tbo taik nccdv no other aticatntion than that which U fiinu»hcd by it»< 
unparalleled euccew^ not only within the limiu cf Gennany, biU by iranilatiocia and 
itaitutiarx in Rvery langnagn of tbu uivilimd world. 

The aim of the Popul&R Es^n-cLoFKniA then, like that of iu ^irototype the 
Conversation's LmGCOil, i» to giv« — in popular language, and in \ forui that vinahl«« 
all to avftil thf^meclvoa of it with facility— a \Mt storo of information oo oil topiie that 
oi^cujiy ih& mindg of men at Um prei^eni day. :tn all nialteni that have \vTi ihi<ir impretfi 
on tho world'* biilory. Suoh & work is more than cvor indiApcnoablo in the*o timc^i, 
when reading liaa becotno ao genoml, wh«n ncwEpapcra, maga^ne*, and othar poriodi- 
cale eeem Ui Euulfitily without eud. atid wLf<u, cciri«eijU«utly, eTi^ula fn>m all pt-riods. 
vubjectfl from all dt' pari men t^i of Beit^uce, uam^^Ei tliat liavb ut any timc< beuQ fomiliivr in 
the months iif mi'Ti, ivrv brought coniitnJitly bpfori- the notici; of ciV^ry oun that takri. 

any intcrciit in tho intcllcctuoJ muY<mcnta g^^ing on around him, or any concern In 
what in taking placo beyond the narrow sphere of his oven action. A good encyalo' 
pedia lit itiuilf a library; it contains witliin iUnlf. no tr> Hpi^ak, the rmcncn of ihoufiandx 
of volumoB. A juooinct and well wriUc-n artialo in an encyclopedia will oflcn jfivc a 
punuin a mncb firmftr grajap of a HT^hjn^^rr, nnd a mnrh olnarar notion of the bearing 
of it» different part« and their importance, relatively, to each other and tc the whole, 
than be would obtain by reading through bundrcdt of pag«i in a ifpccial treatiae on 
the same jiubject. Snch arliclcft alao form an cjtcellcnt pn'parntivi' tor fnrlher Hltidy ; 



1 

I 
■ 



6000282S0R 





SUBSCRIPTIOH ISSUS. 
RESET AND TH0&0UGHL7 REVISED EDITION. 



THE POPULAR ENCYCLOPEDIA; 

CONVERSATIONS LEXICON, 



Thk Popular Enctclofbdia ia founded upon the German " GoDveraatioDs Lexicon/' 
ft work which, Dotwithat&nding the numerous Cjclopediaa that have been publiahed, 
ii itill pre-eminently The " WoaiJ>-RBNOwNH>" Conversations Lkxicon. 

The pablicatioQ of the CONVERSATIONS LEXICON forms an epoch in popular liter&- 
tnre. The Encyclopcdiaa which had previoasly appeared had etood too much on what 
was considered their dignity, and -sought rather to give a series of profound treatises 
on the more recondite branches of knowledge, than to embrace all the topics in which 
a general interest ia felt, and in regard to which, accordingly, accessible sources of 
btie^ clear, and accurate information are eagerly desired. Their plan rendered them 
syBtematicaUy exclusive, and, consequently, while providing only for more cultivated or 
more ambitious intellects, constituting necessarily a mere fraction of the community, 
they overlooked the wants of a lai^ and constantly increasing majority, who, without 
any pretensions to professional skill or any desire to acquire it, longed to be at least 
BO Eftr acquainted with all subjects, speculative and practical, as to be able to think, 
read, and speak of them with some measure of intelligence. The longing which was 
thus felt, or which, where not felt, required to be awakened, it was the main object 
of the GONVEBSATTONS LEXICON to gratify and stimulate. The ability with which it 
performed the task needs no other attestation than that which is furnished by its 
anparaUelod success, not only within the limits of Germany, but by translations and 
imitationa in every language of the civilized world. 

The aim of the Popular Encyclopedia then, like that of its prototype the 
Conversations Lexicon, is to give — in popular language, and in a form that enables 
all to avul themselves of it with facihty— a vast store of information on all topics that 
occupy the minds of men at the present day, on all matters that have left their impress 
on the world's history. Such a work is more than ever indispensable in these times, 
when reading has become so general, when newspapers, magazines, and other periodi- 
cals seem to multiply without end, and when, consequently, events from all periods, 
subjects trom all departments of science, names that have at any time been familiar in 
the mouths of men, are brought constantly before the notice of every one that takes 
any interest in the intellectual movements goiug on around him, or any concern in 
what is taking place beyond the narrow sphere of his own action. A good encyclo- 
pedia ia itself a library^ it contains within itself, so to apeak, the essence of thousands 
of volumes. A succinct and well-written article in an encyclopedia will often give a 
person a much firmer grasp of a subject, and a much clearer notion of the bearings 
of its different parts and their importance, relatively, to each other and to the whole, 
than he would obtain by reading through hundreds of pages in a special treatise on 
the same subject. Such articles also form an excellent preparntive for further study; 



m4, evoc whoa ooo luu to « MrUia «xi«ftt laMterod a rabjc^ct, b^ will i>ft<:& Knd Ida 
kiioiMrl0r]gfi nirommriKind for hitn in % c^clopMia^ ftnd «pI nat fn a form through which 
it viil bo uoro forcibly uuprDWf>d on his tjitrrnvrr- 

iKhed hc^o* vitlk iiiinicrou« vticlea^ Docowftry to ita complolcuoss u a Itriluli 
publM«tii>Ti- It m^, itt bet, bft Uj]«d tht* Ct>s\-TAtRXT}*>tm Lkmcdi? adu|>t«d to 
Urn waats unil Uutm of BHUab nmlriK li has \tvvn Riorum tha pulilii?^ in a fnim 
iimiUr to Uut in which it now A^^poufi, for a itambor of jt^arn ]ia*U ^ud hu tnot 
with m }a:tg9 inoAiiarD rf ncoqituic«- Th» M\i9 riow in «ourM> of pul^ti-ration hu 
bo«D enlbvly r*»l on a ziev Ij-pe cut for the piiqj[]Br<, Knd thomu^^hly iiivi»rd And 
eOfTMted, mnnj of Ui« utielM hftviug been rowritlon, nnd mAny ailditionaJ aitidot 
tttring bv^fi iniiATitd. ThMiP f^itoMiTA AJt^rationt tiTxl irrtpTov^m^nu, which in ^ITect 
cooBtittito th« prcoflnt editioc « n«w wurk, wiU, it ia hoped, inioro tho mointcnjuicn 
of tluil hi^ chaMd«r which hn* hithcrtc h«an enjoyed hf tho Poi-L'iJkit EircYCLO- 
l-UKA. 

Anong tho Writor« fh^m whom <oniribnUonA Apposr in tbo piv«ent Work may ha 



JL G. nJUMAT* Lun., rftJU 

witxiAJt ftnomt . . 

moKAS 4KnBtt*0X, «.&, . 

vtuiAii ■txium rjt«iB. 
J iL VAnimL rjLLn^ 

D K ct-UtAK. , 

Ah. w n nitfiM^T. it.i^ Dav^ 

MttI nmoDKQl, HA. 

hkiumi <tuu» r^A. man. 

J, « wnmrar. , 

A K mrnojiunr. m-a., 

nomuiT MRU* M-A^ X.» , 



UAvM |» |b«bH Odbfi^ Lrnfa^ 
AMkaV4r»4B-**te 



Tbt Piclorin] IIln*traUona will osrtcBd to ahonl 900 p^s^ of EngnTiiigv. likdv&ig 
nboYo 380O ifpino^ Bottdeo fonaing a vtry p1o«Aing nnd nBrftal fMtnrc^ tlioy xhnm % 
dcNNl of li^k oin thv aumorouA Anii:Uu lh*y atv diuigncd lo illuAUntc. In Addition, a 
new MtiM «f iUpA, r»i»r«*«<nlip^ tho ptiMpAl ftMnltm of tho world, hM h«rti dtawn 
■nd imfmrrd f^prvnly for thi* Aubaeriptkn Umm^ by JotiK IUktiii>u>»cw, rn.o.fL 
Thr iUi>< will rontrinN Aecancy of doUil with do^Doo of oxocstkn, M»d will bt 
tieauti^ily |jmt«d hi ealMn. Tboy will indud* nil tho Boot nwont diotovorioi^ mud 
politifaJ K4muiK«ni#ntA<of tmtarj, autmg which any he «p«cifl«il tht^ Uio ond river 
>yit«w npiMtad lo form tbo tonrMo of th« NiU eiplorvd by livtii^toiMh ud nudo 
knwwft Ihrmi^ tbo dtapoldioo broaglit homo by SuaVcy— and tbo nb«nitao» in 
frvstka niMtltui|E fruin thr Uu FtMatti-^rmum wv. 

T^ W«rfc will b« ooMfibitod in Foomcf fTnlf-Tolvmo^ doUi ■xtra, r»d odgM, 



ULAMUK 4 &)N. LOXDOK. af.AWoW, ANB IDlKBtlBOJi. 



THE 



POPULAR ENCYCLOPEDIA^ 



CONVERSATIONS LEXICON. 

BKnto 

A GENERAL DICTIONAEY OF ARTS, SCIENCES, LITERATURE, 
BIOaRAPHY, AND HISTORY. 

NEW EDITION, WITH NUMEROUS ILLUSTRATIONS. 

HALF-VOLUUB I. 
A — BARRY. 




LONDON: 
BLACKIE & SON: PATERNOSTER BUILDINGS, RCj 

GLASGOW AND EDINBUBGH- 

1874. 



g7Q TTq^ -^^^ 



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a >ucuK AND OD-, mmft* 

TfLLAniLDL 



ArftONAmrs 




.VEBOXAUnCS 





11^4^.- L ,'ta.H L.^*eqia liAHlTl-TTyfl LljAniii' 




Zi 



Subscription Issue. 
reset and th0r0uqbl7 rbviseb edition. 



THE POPULAR ENCYCLOPEDIA; 



OK 



CONTEBSATIONS LEXICON. 



Thb Popular Encyclopedia is founded upon the German '* ConTersations Lesicon," 
A work which, notwithstanding the numeroua Oyclopediaa that have been publiahed, 
ia atill pre-eminently The "World-Eknownkd" Conversations Lexicon, 

The publication of the Cokversations Lexicon forma an epoch in popular litera- 
tpre. The Encyclopedias which had previously appeared had stood too much on what 
was considered their dignity, aud^sought rather to give & series of profound treatises 
on the more recondite branches of knowledge^ than to embrace all the topics in which 
a general interest ta felt, and in regard to whichj accordingly, accessible aources of 
brief, clear, and accurate information are eagerly desired. Their plan rendered them 
ayatematically exclusive, and, consequently, while providing only for more cultivated or 
more ambitious inteUects, constitnting necessarily a mere tiw^tion of the community, 
they overlooked the wants of a large and constantly increasing majority, who, without 
any pretensions to professional skill or any desire to acquire it, longed to be at least 
ao far acquainted with all aubjecta, speculative and practical, aa to be able to think, 
read, and speak of them with some measure of intelligence. The longing which wae 
thus felt, or which, where not felt, required to be awakened, it was the main object 
of the Conversations Lexicon to gratify and stimulate. The ability with which it 
performed the task needs no other attestation than that which is furnished by its 
unparalleled success, not only within the limits of Germany, but by translations and 
imitations in every language of the civilized world. 

The aim of the Popular Encyclopedll then, like that of its prototype the 
CoHTERSATiONS LEXICON, is to give — in popular language, and in a form that enables 
all to avail themselves of it with facility— a vast store of information on all topics that 
occupy the minds of men at the present day, on all matters that have left their impress 
on the world's history. Such a work is more than ever indispensable in these times, 
when reading haa become ao general, when newspapers, magazines, and other periodi- 
cals seem to multiply without end, and when, consequently, events from all periods, 
mbjects fi-om all departments of science, names that have at any time been familiar in 
the mouths of men, are brought constantly before the notice of every one that takes 
any interest in the intellectual movements going on around him, or any concern in 
what is taking place beyond the narrow sphere of his own action. A good encyclo- 
pedia is itself a library; it contains within itself, ao to apeak, the essence of thousands 
of volumes. A succinct and well-written article in an encyclopedia will often give a 
peraon a much firmer grasp of a subject^ and a much clearer notion of the bearings 
of ita different parts and their importance, relatively, to each other and to the whole, 
than he would obtain by reading through hundreds of pages in a special treatise on 
the same snbject. Such articles also form an excellent preparative for further study; 



AHCiHTSCrtmE 



J^ATK 17// 




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SKETCH OF THE 

PROaRESS OF PHYSICAL SCIENCE 

By THOMAS THOMSON, m.d., f.rs. l. & e. &c., 

BEcii-a rBorESUA OF cumibmv :s tje tsivcuiTV or olasoow. 



t-r 



TRK PW 



»nn-4tiaJ* for pointful; ciit Ihe Itour TTio *un* 
diflJof AliAX to dttnlicpQAtl iutkaOM Tiwlammilf 

OB the oou^on <f the nxovtrj ot Hcaekiuh ; 
Imt noiliin? in mid about it9 0citifltraL.'tiirii, L'd- 
iloijltTiMlly, JiowiTVirr, ifLkdi HUJinliiibi W4:>iihl in- 
qulnr a aoFiAJii kncnrlcilgD at ^lamoaiat^ whidi 
thcv«fMO tik« C3aiiJJmiib urncl boTo pTiumJ. 

III uuiUir.iiL^ti^a JvduitU uf na it>LibtH a* Ull' 
Urveki iufonu tii llml Lhi:7 dt^v^'d llitir Cinl 
kufiwliHl^ of tliAt linkii^Fi at uhficu Uimu xhu 
K^'ptmii f-i-iL^to. Kelt th^t ttid mAtlu:rTiinti«iJ 
kuowl'^d^ 'pf ihnt pc<:if<Io cculiJ tiut Lave bcoii 
vn> uxtfiuiuv^ ht uviilriil 'lijiji ltd i-c>Uy>jf iiiUj 
wlikh Pyiiugiinw wju ihmvn wlicn ho di*- 
lyitrrvl thnt il>'' «|T)Ar»nf tim bjpdthentutt of > 
n4J:^it-hn;;Jo(l (riEitiiElo ia^xul lo tli* Aqimrw of 
Uic Vn\f »iitc!A For JADcrancie «f thU vcrj elv- 
nioDUrv, but iinporLuil. fH'i:9uai(icn nooewuily 
iin|ilEm ifiiy tilUi* lunmli^lifii itvfii cif thfr niiuit 
•iHmuttATv i mp t-ft nf mnUioiiuit]?*^ 

U vwi LU Gr«Mii thftt puTD nuiUinoatim dnl 
IdbJo <ICKiiJ«(t yfuCwW' ^0 nvilu uf tlimtf 
Qrotk loalliciuatkiuu AiU nmuln, fmiii vhidi 
w» luvffobbunnl ihfLirnuUi>a of nil or alinart 
^ tbd £xiath*uiAtiad ktuwIjMl^ti AtLujiiHl hy 
Um Qrociu Thcoo am l^adid^ A[)d!i>iLiiUi| ood 

Euoliil titnJ in AltuAiiilrin ilurin^ Uu< rriicu 
«l ChQ Unit Plolnmj. Ni^thtnt; whniuv*r u 
kaovn iHpMliijg tLit pluw of liu ualivit^; 
llkough it it i»Ttni& thai ho Lvcri in Ortocis niui 
UuA bvdittJ iu E4£\|rl. itftflr l\i^ U'Ktuii&ihm wt 
Um wUlmitA] Alenanilrlxn idkoiil. JIci col' 
bolad all ^ olHnMitAij faodi kaoAn in tnathv- 
vM» bvfoKv U« tim«, 4nil ftnaDgHl Ihom m 
■odi AO ftJinirftUc oidcr — bajciiuiiuir triKJk n fvir 
Kimplft Axumut uid dodiudug frifoi ihrau liw 
d«BuuMtntliiiu^ «v«iy mbmii ^iit d«Enoiwtntioa 
d^fiwlinff on md ri^viJy dvduowl ficm tluMW 
that lamoiJiAtcljr prtcttdB it— thatnombAoq-Dtiii 
wntK- hu bnn aUv b> ivoducoMijtluiiv tupo< 
rior or v\tn t^Lml. Uia QcinenL* Btlll cuiitLmiiT 
to bo UTit-lir u% '>nr <vh<KJi« iind f™ilii not he 
■Iwpt"*"' wjth, utJMft V* wvrv tt>^vvii|iHumf>' 
VuA W thai rigour vhick hu hvoti lUwayji bu 
gmdimrimirt^i in Um Qtptk gPMPgtjiciima. Per* 
tofiw huw«i»r, w* oany llikaiiniimtion a liul<< 
triofnr T}ii?^iinii*trimJ nrlomt might hoflru]ii>< 
^\ii f ijLvr^, wilLi'Ut ■irawing lou much upon 
tkc fuitlh <4 UhtiDiwf& AihI wim tlu4 m«tLixi 
foUoirtil, oviuidenble t>rO|frtM ml||bt bs mwlt 
Eu nutlMta&tiw wifhnut cmuiutitering mjoia of 
ibob iltttcak ilmu^iQttratioTii lliat ar« Ajrt to 
dimp tW Ardmir of ttfguiJkcnL 

1m KlNiiMiti «f Euoliil opJuLst of thirteen 
boabih In d>« fini tmr hir lri4U <.i Lh« pw- 
pntim td Unoi. pMnlkl Iiiun. »iit;iai. trlAE£l», 
had drdii. Thv fifth ujj aijitb irvAt uf pnv 
poffCi«a or nti'jL Tliv •r^vnth, djcl^ nuiUi, 



Iwfilftli trwtt (jf vtlfda; uul t1i« HiirtH-iith L>f 

about cutting liuts in eKtresw nuJ iuvah miic^ 
[t in the liml fi>ur book* of Kucliil fbii^rtj limi 
(LTV nliidlvd hy tuttdatJi ^tmt;ukiinvu Tl^c n^l 
(i/iVD liPEn in A gpivsit tnNWuru Hi:i|«ntpdti3 h^ 

A|>utliuiittt fvaii horn nt l^arf^ m l^miphyttri, 
ilwiit Uit? ciwiiUe uf tlioiCttnul ccnUi/ UJuto 
tbi- Cbi'UUuii uTfL Likfl Kuclkl En: rvpairvd lo 
AlrxriJLiJiin, :L(ut acquired iiU tniiE-h^^inntifnl 
kcowluclgc fnia Iha luMoMOn of tlmt goom^- 
triLiiLn. TliL' nrltin^ of ApoUoiuuo vtre uuin- 
ni'iiH jujil |ifiiriMUji] ; IrtJt it la ii|iiilj lilf Tr'ralinP 
riQ ihn fonin Sn?i|on», in cii^hi, hook>, Tlmi hU 
r-t^lplinf.y a^ ft rn/ilh<*rtiiti''iwi ^^hiffftjr cii^^icniU 

'lliw <x>rM4 K'ctltLiiKf which, jJtnr the Vlivio, 
oro Iho lUttit impofLuit of iJl curve*, wtro di*- 
oowred hj the iufktbFUJuiL<:iiiu» cf lL« Flatoiuir 
hcJiuqI; UiHiijfli ivJiip lJir> djjKyivnrpr \^u N nrrt. 
known, A couiulofiLhtfi numboi of tho pro- 

Ciw of 1hM« tnirvco veto gnuituJI r dovoJopod 
_ ho Gn«k jj^RK^tnciuu. Ami ifiv fini four 
IttiokEt of A|uEluuJii» an? a colbn^tiun ni oviir^- 
thlii;^ knuwn nupcurting tJiiso ainrn Ix^fcurv bii 
UtiK>. Tha la«t Tout bookA dOQtaJTi hUovn ijix- 
coTorioA. Ic the fiflh Ixiok hu trvjLt> Hif tlir 
i|*rvalcst nijd muiUcBt Jiiuv vlucli izan I'D clnwu 
fruiii ubtli imhiL nf lli|i!r nnriniiri'ivjiiv, nud 
mnn^othifr Intncito i|tifi«tioD«, vhich rf^niiwl 
t1)« grmtvvt togTidtir Aud tbv moat unTvnuttuig 
■ilUiUtiun tu iuToiLJipitc. 'Iho Hiith Look a iio^ 
vvirj' j(U]jinUiil mu' dinkidi; but Onj wivvuth 
>»niAiju in^vny ritry huiwrtnnt prtihlcmii, !uul 
IxiLDia out thp vin^Ur nnnhigy that vxiita bo- 
tvrvtii tlir pn>|HirtiiH "f tbif vjiriouH oiiJo wciioiK 
ll;r i^i^hlh U«rk IbU lint coraodcvn toiUL Th* 
Elfl^. <ixLh, juid h-veath bmlv wou dimtrvDrul 
by RonOli, hi Ambif, fn thA ItlirsTy ni lh« 
GiaDil-ditko of TUBtfMi^^ lla f^t tbu<n tnuw- 
lotoJ. nDsi [publLsh^d hu tn.iulAtion, with note* 
;iuJ illuetraliuUB) iu thrr jrat I^Ih J>i% OaUey 
[mlJJHlH^l lUi ^ilitkri^ at A|Kj]lLi[iitui id tT]0,uu| 
bru HUpplin] tbo eighth book from the acconat 
givMi \jy tapfiun of thv lUktuTG of ita oanfantiL 

ArchutiviluH vcw IwTood di>piiE« iho Kitatd 
jufklJiomjiUciaii ihnt iiutiijuiir inttilijci^, H? 
h'lUi bom in Sidlr nbornl the ynu TM brfora tha 
I'hruibhn tfiTTi,»iil in mid lii Iiavp!v*^h relation 
*>i Hiaro, king cj i^inLjuat, tya ttnUM a cut- 
timtor va« he uf the nuithrmatica, that he WdA 
ucufltuniuit lo w|KitJil wh^lv (Liys iu t]i«dtv|iuit 
lliTHitljpitioDji, nnd vat nuiJi Ut n^loct hi> fmxl 
and foT^l hit onlinitry n»]f« till bin ntl^pQtifm 
wmk nllirif to tljuui hv thtj mnj of hi" d4>mmtim 
niif itudica srcro |urticTik(ly duvcleil tf» iLe 
inaBumumt uf ounriliiimr rinm ; zuid he Ui< 
noitoil a TDoit InffDiikktit niothoii of f^rfnriniii^ 
•noh laauamiunla, violl knovo by the uudo oE 
Iha Mvthod nf £di*v«thiH. 
When it to requtned to utaiute tbv apaoi 




PUYEECJd. SCIKNCK 






^fM 



by carvo ihui, Uio lonjttli of n ourvo, 
Um Aoltd bnmded br cuxvv uirfnovs ibe i;^- 
VMLilSHtiCil Jmm uui Hill AJtliii] llm nuiKU crT 
ritfnenLAfj ginmnf^try. r^dliitAiir 1l^iin« ari^ 
Oonqaj«(l on ttut j^ndptc &f ■upci'p^Mition; Liut 

vflhCKjt Uiufi^rb^ t«n HmJU wi-nilil hr cil^l-iLrn- 
od, tho oa» uruUr xmi iha oUuit> aiLiAllur thou 
llu am required- It iras «Ti<Juxt Uiat> Ut iu- 
cr«uui|c Uiv Duinbffri uiil duuit'i^Uiii^ ihv tldm 
of than flfiunai, Umm tAVif JjiiiitH v-i:m- niiuiii 
ntinuallj to ajiprioncli m^li ol.lior. Tliiui tht^y 
CWJL* KiwArn luui uwLrvr lu ilia uiin-ir :iiva wliich 
vaa iutcnxivdiatij Imtwccu Umtik Ho oWivisJ, 
b> Uliu iucicuiujf tbv jjuuiU:!' of iu(l» for ii 

emd cdqIU ctmjc acarer u> it thiui &□/ iLiiTcrLVka^ 
bav null KKVffT. h vu cviilout that Ihu 
liOWAJi^HJit tlirit'alHJ/(]i<riWcL]jvi]jijwir 
V1P& to htf^ mnwiirptL It uiuiin iJi li vny tlmt hr^ 

aljoMW and ot^lLimW ui jl {iiLriiLfi^lii, in njiLiJ tv 
tlic Jina coi^bunnl t^'tiK a1iaciai'U1<I ui\tiuAle, 
Mid Uul pim cif div cilvuiuitiviiCL' (jf Llm jJimL- 
bnlftlyln^ Wcwuni lh»im. In th** o.iii4> w;ty he 
otAVDbl ou appri'LUDAtc m^JiLfuiM cf the ai^ua ^ 
UicmJTl<?t ^iMDLiintrdtiij;;limt if tli^ iliiuuct^r Ik 

Uttil^, Lll« TIlVllLJtM'OUVV LB ItW L^LOJl Sfg. jULll 

Mtd cjtiiukr voro «DaducU>d b; a niail'U' mutbo^l 
o( rcAMjuIng. U« m<cwir« the BUifo^o nctl 
MjlUitjr uf LuoM bodimt u*^^ t^nuiimUH hin in-a- 
tuo by tlcmarulmtiikg HuO, Uiii jJ[JLtnf (Im'Ui Ijl 
uiv nitil xrjlirllt^') m tW4^tl]in[p uf Ilia cirvuni' 

fa Uju wai[-' :i|>itU liw Trcaluic on C'diiaiJii 

pvL* ti»xi>liiU fiiaiir.<il \*y i\tp rvv\t\iili'i\iin.tt I.Fih 
cojiif^ ii^umi- i^^iEmJ Uivif .iwk. W^? [lUfr ovk<r 
u rQ^uArriifTi -m Llm tijhDiJ uf Ai^'luunxl^v, ju 
it in usjflJl)' ftiUuJ, lliotifih in loUity Jiocovcu^l 
by Ojuuu. uuv uf Lu fiicaits: but mjdl uolkti 
thi* TritiTiJU- nutiiltd P«itiitiilt<is or Atr-nnrinj* 
Somt [.unoiid ZLi<LLklllJiticcilbat nuuuDib«rf Ij(jv- 

of Unujm of kkiif) ■i'.imltij ou tUi^ i*i'4i hUh^J'M. 'Hiin 
ilidnortl An^hlMH'iiw to wriu^ liU UtalUfv in 
wliidi ho (1i-rm-»HlriT4'4 thiil ihf i'lHu^iU |j-mi of 

ttfflcJoit tt> «xjirvM oil lim Kimiufl of uad con- 

'l^f^F'^ Inrtwt't^i t\ii' «i:LrfJi lUnI hii[|, euilI LuLilJj' 
lUl«d wtlhgraibB of bind. Tlio Irojitiai> u thLirt 

BMthoii of wpimiEi^ iiMmbH-]-HiiLi|]U<_Vi'<l by tlm 
OradO. \Vvi>t our IIkukx mtlnLiUIfxl fur lLc 
Ciitnkliitfin<,EhviVfiiH.iui]ig\voiilLi bi?BiiilUdt<utJy 






An:Mia&io« did laot coul^no Kinuclf to pUf« 

matUcuKitJc* ; bcitiLj'Li»I liiaHlCrnlUiLi likuwiH tv 
luwijiuiics. iuid niay, In ttrnia mwunirf, J» wm- 
f^Mtkmd an iht- fnuuilvr i^ thnt important Imuth 
of pU)«iaiJ *oivjji;u. H« lint laid down ttv Inio 
prijLL*tp1o4 of tf^ftftf And hydrottitiii*^ lljc for- 
lUL-r li(> iiT^U ill \iw nuik tut-itlcd lufm-piMor 

itii iht iti^LiriioiiH idea of tlia ftrntn of ffnxvtfjfj 
wNkU Li< Exml AitiiifivvJ. ni:<J nhJcib liuf bcoQoo 
AilTAJitAffd-QiaK c]Li|il<ry(^l by iiJ'Kt(<J'LL vHtfli-tt un 
eUtivi. hy nji^liru iif Lku pJ Jt^djjlr:, IilJii w (ciw 
I'tiiiple hxir)iii)ir liri ileiiiDiijitnitN On- rrS'ijiruciiy 
of tbc n-ciLilit oad lbi> <XuitMi4^ lu tiiu Lvvvr, jiud 
ill ba]nn«Huitlj tmvqmiiomuk Ho dvtonuiual 
llic ccntro ut jfrnvity of vnnoiU SgUTCA, pa^ou- 
]arly of dm pAmbuItu with KtM ii^pHjiiEty. 

Hi* ijiuvkvmp* ill lijdriMtUtia van tlut eon- 
H^utflia»<J n qrMry jntt di him by k;ii^ Hicro. 
Tiiid mcmfLTcb IlmI gii^u a cvrlAia <|itAJi1ity of 
gold Uf u if|^*-cilcr to fubritMto ft iii^^vn^ uiJ he 
aiJiiilKcUal tJiuL lU« hiIibL Ij.m] piirloiui^d fb [K>rLkni 
of tho ^Id, and nilmliLiilnl AlErwr in 1U jilivw, 
Arcbim^M waH n<|uo«(«d ti>|joL[itoutn n^cthoi 
<4 ddanafnlni: liow luiidt ^4d bftd b<'oii pur- 
kiintd, And huw luncli nitviT JuiWiLtiUiJ. TUv 
meUiod. it u Baiii, ocLTiiTftl U\ him idl at once, 
while in tliu Itfilli, :i-nil b** wlu tn tmiH]Hirt9l 
4'Lth joj, t)mt iio ron imkuxl tbruitch the tttwbt 
of SynnniBo CTyiu&I out, tivf-Vt ri'i'^m, J have 
fvuitii it, I Ai£(v fifUi%U iu Tliu diAcuvDi^' ^jth 
whJrh ha wan dMunvpiily an <li'UKlitMl wns tlifn, 
'Kvor^' body jilungod into u tbiirl kwrv iia mui^h 
4ff ita wi^bt [ut IK ii^^uilI tu llitf >vi.i^bt of a 
t|imNtity iif ibc Ibiid UdiiiJk] in bulk tu tbo body 
pliuignl m.* Tbu distuvory Fiiniinbed hlci 
with fJiL- miilbi-l I'f doii'niiiiim^ Um upwiflo 
giTiiity o( imtw yjbi «ui ptite i*]li-*^r. riioftt 
Uiiuq kDovrnf bj> hiui gnly to toko tli« ipoAtfia 
eravily of tbo crijwn, ttbich (nupiimL^j no *J- 
ItMLtiiin in vnbitne when l\\v tvo ii]i:t^ji ;ijv 
m&]l<^] togttliei') xi'nnid ennbh birrt to dinovar 
bow mudh g<4d auKi b<jv luudi idJvirr it wu- 

TbiH lir>il pHiK'ipIo Item^r kjitivj}^ AidiiiiiLib^ 
dnhinnl from it vnrioiia oUier wtll-kiioviij hy- 
drosljitiml pHuoijjl**, wbioh be pi'iibi^iio! in t)is 
tin(t bL}ifk iif ]iie InrntiM ]>« iiiiiideutibiifl lu 
Fluido, Hiv QceciTid book of tiwt tnvLtijso b 
cM.'ciiiiitfJ witb VitrliXJS diOli:"lL nuratioiia i«- 
K|>r-L-iiu^ tbe Hltimrlrin And Adbility uf wrtalu 
buiji^f immencil in a fluid. 

U'bc niidvtifa nwrilw to iiiiii tbti inveiitjaiL of 
fjr-t* (fljimi kaUf luix'kiuucal ctiutrivimcai; but 
uuttiiii^ uiorc tluui boiiid ob»cii]v notii^cn uf two 
or ih^v Iif lln'iM biivh I'liriHi iUiivii Ui iin. flbi 
B|iher«, A luA^bintf by whxcb bo roprwcntod Uip 
tuov^uioitd of liio pbun Olid pbiuctui ih cajv uf 
tJxL* uiwt L;f»lBbi7Uffl. U lia* Ijccn uulJ^od by 
gnLVd (JiiU^ito|i]ii!i>p JUitt muig by |JOiTte, im UUiy 
benceti LD the following 4.<^>ip:Uuuf CnLiiJi.ifj:-^ 




Tiii 



THE rRCG^K-SS Off 




ticn hid 1UUQ4 Lcrv tico&nu it tfha lo liiiu th«t 
MttljEatfUo ova Ibe uitr«liiftxon of drcimnl 
fEUiiujuL TImu bu i^tu li> ouufirit^ cfiu- 
|HiUlifii] thi? iitawt dp^no of drnpllcily imd 
«tt]iurg«ni4int whiob it •mow Baii&1>Iv of nncti' 
lag. 

Begiomontouitf wmlnoa— mtJjr occujiioi nicJi 
oMlnjtiLiEiitaJ ulivrratJaiuuid(BjctilaUciiii,wbioJi 
of mTlTV^ fviHlrrivl llid pif ifivilon rif irigLinnnwi ry 
Ati oLjHt of tho Utm«t unportanu; hn J^U 
ooverdicbflr liniu* it nmrty to tL« ulAtc of n[in- 
iJidiT vliidi iuit pmuiU pUfKnnn. But tUi; 
oiTailiLiMrw m um my tar mi^t inii-jHiAm juv rx- 
0!ft1ing|yLnbon«VB,uid their labour noovaiArilT 
fruTKiaivai iw utt^njninr tul%m]o>d, beoMUo it li^ 
came OMiciitJal iu ol.uuii inorruKJ mortJUCVmtr* 
rvulU. Tbc iiuu mill UpgcjiU of aufflcB qmiIiI 
nrjt 1« tfipmw^l \ritJ] minici«nt n>rTe4?(rr»u 
wiihi^iit il^^E^iiifal fradlDTJH, fixuuilln^ tA fiviuir 
'in plm>f« ! flBcI flAon U tfarvc ouch ourobeni a 
foiiHlj (it*»f".'iH;oD^ *pU to bo fouudn Ihfl work 
(/ jtiuUiiJit^ititiu And diTbiUiii liri^iiiH i'Ki'iv.nI' 
iagij InboHoiiVL Atioiif llic ^iid of Tho «iiI'?cMi[h 
mntury tlici tivtv 4tii1 [*J>oiit !*<■<'■.■*»■« rilj (jwut 

liuidcasomc lo DuitliflniAijtiUiu juul lisimtnT- 
mvnL 

Kftpin* of Mfrrrhlunm. vliOAft mlml «?«nni» 1<^ 
hfiVD \inil n bont tovru^ urillmLCil^iAi [luifftiiui, 
vjiM tbi? )>oiiwii ig wlinin iLo Lappy likcmelit 
occuTTcdtif jinirllKH] \iy vrlnVh iTjAt labour lui^dil 
bo jirnJi|t44iDi!ydliii(iiEAlii4l hy JiiluLliUitSiiffiirUli- 
t^on niid mbtr?ii7li''pn for multEf'litntioD niic] 4itt- 
■uiTi^ lUid tjL'iiil by ilip Jutoovtfrrof IflffkrilUuu, 
Aiifl ibe ixiii*tructii>rtii <]f l-i^nriLnuiic tAbltn hf 
biiQKdf, Brigi;!*, Gclhlituud, Ac. 

He otawnl Uukt when tin? mimbm to hi> 
multijdiail or diriflod ««t<« pnHx of n f^n-tuctri 
onl terU* or pmjptHuor, profiled «u know ihp 
y ju g i 'B Mi oni iLo product or qiiotieijt mijjbl Ira 
Itot At OBQ* bjr Juiip^etiuii. 'num tbi< iliini tiTiri 
ol a {tfogrtMion, multipliwl hita thr Aftlk ii>nii, 
vaaU nuk» (hq vichth Xvnn; ncd tbi* twoJith 
lono, diriitnt by uc llijnl t«nii, wuuUi mwke 
thobktb term. Be Mtim^t?! hlrcm^If iJutt jitl 
Bnmben uii^lit he inbannUUfl btiwmi ihr 
t«nRi »f « jfAf^iriAtriL^ jtnj^n^oat ami tip hit 

Jan A nmi ingraitnu way of pnvinir tha tnilli 
Ui pK^ontiHL Whmt nrp oJltd lDgaHU;Di9 
miMiiil of uuiubrra m ui arithriLvlioJ pro|trw- 
•(Ml, mrrnv|iOTidin|' tojj) Diimlwini irppnia^l t> 
«nA an A gD<niutr»ttl ju ngniion, xmd vmriniu 
lywIWPi <f lo^utlLiii* nuj be couftniotoJ. The 
00* vlktdi tint ttanirrifO to tlw iiiv*<Dl'ir, llioaj^b 
tfi» tiiDtklot, w« Bnl n ooBTVoicnt ma d>r ma 
vthkfa Ofoamd toon kfvr t'l luniw^lf nnrl hk 
frted BilgnifUkd nonRlaif: touhidi ib« uiMih 
niyr in oh Tiato Wn oM^tniTtAl It in plain 
tint if wv *dd fjiiEDtlKr tso tdinHtliiut. th? 
la^fttim con'titriUtj^ ttn* uliti i>f Um lwi> wil! 

eo w yd vitli ibf aumhcF vbi^ watild bi> 



obtziuitHl IfV mulliflying the tvn nmnliiTH to- 
ttUior; hvncv by mHir^i: "f miblri-itiiiif b^j^r- 
itUiJui, mid looking ^H' '"' ^'^ ^""* ^'-^'^^ iUim Ui 
Ibc tJiblw. vrr lind nvrr o;;ji]rw<l il III" iiiiinUir 
vliich Viiiild lia (thlnJtiBil if i|j* iiuml>uJ» who** 
Ifi^iTitliRU WD Luo '^cira niultipliod tirdiriJfr<J 
by «wli otJipr. WIml a prwlipnun furiiijj li 
liiiti] jLud (jitmbh* in lliiu jLC-<iiiii|diji1iiiE iiii»t Lv 
cviilfDt at flrnt aight Nor hrivs the benefitii 
*:^nf<?rrHl n|«iT» nrnth^-rtiflti™ »>y lo^rif Imit Iih'h 
«iTdin*d to thifl boutflit, great va it U ; ihi-y Imvo 
fl|prQ)J thonmlToi upon otW limi'chca ot the 
Kicnu^ In 1GI4 ISn^ i^LblialiVil llie lo^n- 
rfthrriHof thii i^rxt tiyKii]Mijibi^i<4^ itjidi-i- ilm titlo 
of Lnignnthnioniin l'LlIiu iiiniiuL; in U^t'-I Uo 
piiblishod the Jui^itiinib of .ill iiumb«Y frorn 
1 f.» SO»OW, «ud ftr-in Of ^000 fi^ 100,000; iJI i-^tl- 
iiiJjitai totbe foujl4-i:DdiiImjii:d |i]Airv^ Di^lJi 
f>n'V«iif«l Brigg* from flnydiijjr hiK phri. Init 
il >^viit <.ijLnpJul«i1 l^y (>iil!ihniml, iixid imLljuhvd 
hy hint m bin Tri^aomctna lintuiDua, in 

We hfkTs Mva Umi proaiw whiiji |:v<i>nivtty 
h&d UL-idt? iJUuEif; the fLudr^ut^. nnd how An:hi> 
imtl(tt, hy thrt niPfJuid nf t-ilnnKlioni, hid dic- 
cccdod in mauiiirmg npuvM buundiHl by ciiivt' 
mitfarw 'l^in iKiiTthciJ, though ^ati^ii'rtory, w 
tUTi-" lmi;ly lj»biniiHi»i, liiid Iwiu;^ purely Hiuthe' 
IhaJ, It did not ^nrdtlo iih Ijt.ifiply it l^i hIWt 
d i*'vii'vri'*< of (Jjc^ ^ouo kLud. A niohi lyim- 
|>i>iidi"iiK Ofid lEinrv uiud}-ticTd motlod wiu much 
lo b> itialini for: aiii\ i\i\p iffvai nti^p tViH zmtdc 
by Qivnllcn lu ttic^ ycfu- )u3f^, iii hU IxHik rn- 
til.lr^l, GH^TnvlrCu itnlivuiibiljbtiB ccntiniionini 
noVKqnndfDn nitiixui pnmictL CUvxUuri «u 
bom in Milnn lathe jtoar ISW* Hh 4^irf«d 
mt> thr vocioty of J«iJEtiL, WMficnt to the Uiit* 
wraity of l^bo, whuin Iik iuv|iLmTl Im ^runiDttH- 
ml knovrlolgn. niul h.v nfurwATiti jLitjfi4<or of 
tttrtanoDy in tfae Uuivcnity of lioln|{iiJt 

OtvidlcH pruwocltid iu bi« t-oumttry of luilj- 
Tuibla on tJw follou'iuiE |H-mL'L|il«:— -Afviu nmy 
h« cotuidiinl 1111 mwlc up of nn Inflntlf niinilwo^ 
of petnllul ttiiM; ndiilr^of lUi inAiiLtr nnmborof 
]oxnUcl plnncfl: aiA liliHi, of tat tnfin;lc tiTimbn 
of ihomtfl. Thiui tho cabfttorc of a *ii1li] w» 
mlucnl to thn lummAtinii nf « whni of pliuM*; 
.Mid f 111' '[iiJidrTLdiiv jif mciin^ to tho vomDUtSaa 
of a flonoi of ontiuntwi. How tho mfe for luu^ 
miog ui in£iLit« «ric» of tiuiuii in .it illiiu«timl 
|ireBTBiii"T» lud Iwu Ion;- known, uul tli« ap- 
pUcBtlo& Df Jl tj Ibiil lhi» nm <if & triMi0a, 
unvmling to the uiothod of iiidiih«lb]«, vm & 
uiMttvr iif uc <liflLadCy. ILe ikod Mcfi ivw^ 
TOppcainff a asHm of Jio«a m AntLmrticid |«v- 
grcBiicm, and iquatvi Co lie ilcMrflml on outi 
i)f ths&ii lo find vhnt ratio tJn> lum of nlJ tliMo 
Hliiuvi bgora to tii« gi«it«rt aquuv, t«Jc«b w 




rUY^CAL SCIEXCIJE. 



]K 



I 



ii^Tftlldn iJniw«l thikt wlirti Itic niimUr 'J 
^tcTBH U aillutU-ily yirat, tbtr JM-*^ iiT tliioc i.ujli.'* 
11 jiuL onr^tbinl of llit! tramX: tliid t^vultitll; 
lad lA thii «;iib»tEii> <>f cinny ntli-Jx. IVck'm«Jiii^ 
<MM atop fiutLor, ^ toai^ii Uti tlia tram of tlu 
cniies «f tbo vuuo Hue*, and (tmud it to bo cnc- 

WM Abl* CO Mvigft the nun of tho ntb power of 
A NOfiw in Aritlinwtical jJiYii;raasioii| ntftpouu^ 
•lwii>* ltiv4irlVii;Ni»Mf UiT^icnidi tulTciiiEmita'ly 
MDolL, o^iil ihc imijilicf of CcinjA Lo be iiiElulLciy 
nWiL Tim nitiTiTx.'rof riiTmiK nwiilTji r>lil]i1ri'>4l 

mnir bo <!OEiudcr«J 04 HiiiolitutiDg u gitoi a 
*l4:p otvr Itic uJfuIujs if nliau&t^uiw oti tlio 

clivitililK 

Tb* DvJtt goapnl aUp (for w« tuv umlvr tUu 
BoccBHtjr of ijudnic ovi? mnn^ ifiilWUbiAL d'lit- 
0)Tcnc» of great ii^i|joElAi^cc) in ilti? L-xu-nMun 
4lf mntlwiiuiTi^^ v;ix t3i<« AHllvr^etK uf rufiniii^t 
fi Vf. WftUk rirvi puhlUtiHl tn eJi4> ui:ir 1tijjr>- 
Wnlli* vu 0. nntivDof Kont^wbcro h^ was ln>ni 
nt Aifliford in thr yur IGIG, lie Vcob ai^poiutcd 
Gttvilliui jirufcmjr nt iiiAlljvrJuLio hi Uxfunl in 
16^vbicbplaa}bco(?cppinl lill the jear no:i» 
vbttn b« ilitHl. 

Tka uijriiL 'if tktt arUliHiOltc rtf Lifiuitfia waJt 

of Hut drrle, tifl^r hi? tx-nnnir iitTqiiniiLUnt vii\\ 
tha mrllitvl nf imlivtoMi'v tii CitviAltii. Hi^ 
btgvn \iy 'tl.BtvTMiy^ l^iitl if wq \iAVfi n •arittt of 
D:vmben(krillinictka]]y|irii|rtrilLiiim1(llii! imtunJ 
Dualicn for esomjilOH bci^iuulu^' witU i), and 
fUQCMdin^ Tt*|ipr]»rly im. tijn »4ijiri iif UjIm nuriw 
l»«ijtattfrlialt <boM;int'( ilm Ui^ tonn rAp«»t*d 
HA num; lituci pa iLcn o^o lonziB in tU ccrim. 

0+1 I tf*lj-g 9 » O^IUhS 1 
1 + 1 'i' 2*S*.2'd'2V3 + 3"+3-3'll"s' 

FftMO thin it fellow Ihnt a tnruiul^ ii bolf u 
punUclujpniH. ^m tUc i^uiii: ir^ itijmjU biUi'i*, hJid 
iMtvtvn tllP vmc [iiLmlHK- For a tri/iJi^'tc iniky 

of Undo, baginniiig ni a ]ni.ia or Hj nuU iit<:iiwi 
inff iritUmttioJlvT the grcntcot of which in the 
low; nhilfl & lundlclv^nou ouiLi:i»Ut iif nu in- 
nltn nuniW r»r ]tiii« rt 4>>i)iiji.1 Ipn^h, ^n'\ nJI 
to th« boB^. liVDm till* nnA]4~kgy ho dc' 
ilhKCii tib« c^tiJHimtLjrr «f n v^irl^ly of ^^iirc^. 

Hv UvXt nhunTf liial liiv^ mum ^f nji iuQuitc 
mriiii of uuixihcjw, bcjflnuiiig ntth o^ auU ]tn}- 
cwMit^ AM >ho H^iiiLiTAnf thv imlEinil niiriibirn — 
thftt i^ Ebv wmm 0, I, -J, 1^, HJ, £5, S4, 49, Jbt, 
ii to tliL- htt Una, i-upmt<U na oftoii %b tl]«rc 
orv tctnu lu ibc <v]'lLN^ «u 1 lu 3' Fajui Lhi> lie 
idiuvt Utnf, Lbi' r-iiiitj>li'rnpfil itf u *u<rTLi-^KU'JL|iiilji 
b to tin* pn^iHi^liF^iTLrii ciirtLtiin?'! brtwcen \ha 





mnwpoudi&g &l»dia nul ordinato u t to 3, 
dJid doJvioM from tho «itaw ajuJojcr o^anj otbor 
uf tho iiuflilnitun:! of c^uiyIUiibu iioca. 

lit Uieii fhfjvn thnt the miQ nf an Indxrita 
mTifc of f|iuiiiiiiir4, iiumuiin^ frcnn O, tu the 
cnbM of tlm naluml ui^mbcn^, ur Hxi- tL^1-tla d, I, 
8, fl7^ 01, UG, £I(h &c.. ii lo tixe Mojii of tbc hut 
i«nn, trfRsiLlal iia ufltij lu ttitiiT ruv Iceiili in 
f1ii> uHh, hh I 1a 4. Iliiii nnAlo^ fiiiiLiHlirtK 
tfao qoadmiurg ct tOMty Qgurak, 

Uut it vi^ald be too todiouA to ntte^tipit mi 
ajtulyaamt tljBwbul* iff liiw cimmi)* bouk.wlijdi 
may \x atiaidaml n* funiinhjuu; tiiiv lirrr fii^Tii 
of ttip inlognJ cnlnjlm. TbfTW rtre, hrra^iTr, 
A fww <itflvr fiujtiiTiiJ:irH vljich it umuIiI 1w iin- 
propoT In omtt Ho wua lod 1iy aiuklo^ry io 
cXpiVB the dcaomiuot'iiB of Cnclicina t>jr inciau* 
uf oi^^ativ« jKiuviM- Tim iLiiiiiVm 

Are iu ctmtinuoil gixrnii;li't<^ iiio^i-fwiiJij. Htli 
]«| trim tocxprnB thi^m in thru WAy: x\ j^, r', 
^, jr-^, r-^f ^-^. tyiutyU Ml iZiix tTiiprirvtmvnt 

Timy npjioir, it ton lod to con»uquuu4/vn of thv 
^iftktait importonoQ It pnt hiia in fiouaoHion 
of tin [QVMiira of evury ifjocvi t^v vb^jni^tifB of 
wliidi iiro ]-nc1[irivjv]ly an nny pomr nf ih« 
A.l>HJiKk A prcfdigioiu niucibo^ of ue^ dim- 
covcrif* vnui the ncouvoi^ uotiHi'i uulloo uf tAioaa 
auw vie*". 

M«jt of thfl flfawiTprinfi ni)Ulfi liyntbirmnthn- 
maticmiw iDimerlmtrly nfu-r Clio iniblii^ntion of 
the ,'lritbnic?tic iJ lufiuit**-, wt-rp litLlc? vl«o thnn 
■it^T■■^|[ltll^]tltA uf tlio \itwji *tf "WiilliJi. Neil 
»lio^\iii that tbe pubic ]>jkiiibuU ungliL \k ividi~ 
flaJ by Kib^ nf Wrtll[»f rm'tlnnlfl: nml Vim ITbti- 
nut applied Ibo QJUQo nieihod taUiuiuotiliciilion 
<>f «eToml vlhor pdraboJiiA 

Wtf mart pne^jXT the dipcox-eriraof Bitrov, 
Lhoiii;b tlif^y am bi^ltly i^ntitlc'd U\ .■■ti^iitSou, 
md hojitim Vy Str IfOAi* NeAtnn, u-}io viu licn- 
tinvd to dungs the f:itx of |hbt>tii>.-i| Kc-impo^ niid 
wlio hithorto nlAmU olurnr luuuiii;: ii-uinliiEid ui 
the invaxtor of ft theory to ciploiu tbt jiiotluju 
jf tlm bcaviTiily buJiw ubit'h hiiAnUtxi (be Ust 
uf tliL? inEAdt rlfflil oTftniinntlon, iuid vhlch ovwpy 
jubiicj^uont impii>i'eiiicnt nnd diieovcty hJiA 
«rcc<l only U* omnium oJid c^tnbl Uli, 

NtwUm viw ifijni in tbi' vrjtr Kl-I2t irjt Ojm^ 
I njji* (n,j.), rti Woolsilifniif, in i-he mirnty of 
Liiii?o]it, Til*? fnjnily t-imy (iritfinHHy fpim 
Nuvt'tim III IxiJiE'^mliinT, njul It api'vant fiuiii jl 
Uttcf |iijblii-|inl l»y Dr. Ruid tlmt, by tbo 
m<>thfrs Bidi% ha \rswi of l^i.^ittj^L txtnurtion. 
Wlieii yitiiii;^ hn ■livi'bVJ'^itk ;i HiiquEHiiii; iiim 
f.jf iHAkitif modolf of mrchnuiesJ iiutrumoiilB- 
Ujb nintli'.iimtiod kn^wloi!;^ cntiie t> hica with 
iu^rixJiblti humility. Eudid bt; tiiciiriv [HiirnKl 
(A'L.'r^(Hiu9iyeiiiig it touonUUn ncLhiujf but com- 
mon tliiii;::*. Tilt? (tnt matboinHtK^ bixib Umt 



XLI 



TirR mOGRBSS OK 



In EiiKlnJ]i1>nt or Irfo™ tho timnof Vrwlon, 

gKoL Wiillui, Brx>iuiJ.<T,Wft:(», Jiuno <iiU(r>[7T 
UnrroiF, wen? hia miuiislmir iJuflpirMomoi luu- 
1*711 [i<)rnrri-4. NrvUdi liimm-jf ilnrKlHunnvulEiil 
ju- |i«-|La]M Uh» jrrttxtmt iiuthtfiuiticnl uptnitia 
Uiftt i>v« uxutud. (>f hit iirji»™sar», thfl mort 
rfuV'Tubic u CVito, uliidc Xlunuonia Mcusiir< 
»nuu A^^r^MrviJ iJi \7i2. It wnLiiiiuil Oiv tiu- 
thod cf flftding thtt fliinnu of fraiofci^iknl ra:|ii'ni- 
■ioui, grmtly gc&mklincMJ lud hi^ly iioprovHl, 

iviu:LrLAT/]i? jjrDpiBitioiw in gootnc^ti^'. It u 

llirtaalioTfltifl the \iO]ii^tity ^rlikh il Jffcprfa, 
wliilv'ju tLv l^utiuuut ilticuu Wbc^ vorj iLttEc 
Laanii. 

Aiictlu-r wry ori^iul imil profound wriwr of 
tbH ]j«riix| vcoM l>r tfrook Tnvlnrt n-ho t» hU 
Multicd of IricrvDii^iitji, iMiUiLilini in ITI^.niMvxi 
« xibw bn^ncL to ihv cuiiil,>iii> u/ viLrinbl? qitEui< 
lit/. A ftiri^lo nnalyticBl f'>miiilrL iri liui Mi^tlml 
of l£itniiii*iitii liju cK«ferT«ii n (vlt-brity <,u iFa 
aathoT whtcb Tcvy volumlnDnn woriu Wvc 
oftcEi CailAi to lK«t4>iT. It il ka<jft"u hj the 
uuuii iiT T«^li>r'B Tlivoi'Biii, mi\1 vx\tnBaiat tliv 
rji^e of Mif (Librtion cJ a vnrinblo ([nuiibty in 

tOTUU d tfaft MKSOMnTV Oixicn of incTDEDClitJI. 

vb«Uii<r finite IV infinibjJ/ rninll It i» |idr- 
liijtt, «itljDut vjoEptwa, Uw JuuMl ULjmprvljnuHvo 
j]ni|i«itJcin (u IJhi ivfiala rui^ of mailiranntJni 

Jift^mrin PVhjr tw muatfrjood m uiiTthor jiia- 
11vmMui*n vlao did crvlit h> Kui fuuiiuv. 
The tutbcUMUciaiw of BriUi» oiuJ ou itiL- 

m dlAnnt, i,ve kept i^iw xvith oju^h otiiwr fur 
ft conridorabic titQA, ciccDjfi ia ouc brtnuh, tho 

In tht* Uic BiUfiilL umt!iiirfialuJHivi luul Tjitli^ij 
eofwiilcnilWy litikiniL And \.hodinii3icn\teiv.'vi-ii 
tLuQ ani Uim«« mi Ih^ duitincut MUtinuoJ to 
incnoM io proftoHicK) to ihc immW vid ini- 
portMio^ of tbo qaratiouA, phfidaU mjiI iitnltin' 
natJuJ. vlit^h (1qvn<KH| iiihjT] thi?tr inrirgr^ 
tfont Tliu ImLli of fMulb^ fihly Hntiuli 
matbonuttiad tnorb^ ppoduocd at tiiflt bj tJui 
■dimntiaii of Nffvioiia and Aftemnls cou- 
tuiiicU ill a»Mi|u«ucv vt Elw ditltfivnoe uf di^ 
iftUm, piwrnittl tltA nHtJidi iiuthcokritidftiii 
twan |i*at&kiiig IQ the purxittefif tLe niAibnoii- 
lieiaui on Um OanliuMiU I'nBlJ^otia iniprovp- 
ncttta wtv* auHl« In liAly. Fnuicr, ni»l ili^r-' 
IPM17, in nliidi the jaUns tJ Gi-eai BntVR 
but Itltln <ir do idai^ 

UUur M ill, p*rb«p*, may bar* wnfribuEvd 
4»4tMr «vAj our nun «f Rrlencc fmm nwthc- 
IP**"** lAVftlijialioitA But br Uic tuIJille uf 
tbt but orariarj Ui« nc» of IlrltiAli innibtiiiii' 



ttdjinv,ntfinctmi?Kitmmr-iiui(ArKl wj H]>Lfii]ilul, 

It is true that MiAtljctJtnticd still oontinuixl t'l 
be cullivAtetl in Cunbrid^'e, biit tlicjr ntiiiSciL 
tltUJi^Hil^n u'illi iatiulyjii|r llit- Prtiii'tpiA nf Nvx* 
tan^ !UiJ no^iicfjinl tiT iiai\»fivi Lite npUjidid im- 
pmwtuciibi and JiHH;iV4!rj« of Um co&tinviiUl 
lUJitiritiuiticiAnA, 

A liitlu Jif^T Hn- lujilillpuf tW biHi i;!«»tun' 
Mr Wi«t WjiK jipptilnuti ^> lend] tbe iaa4b(-<- 
lUtttitTil '.'3w« ill tlitt riuvemjl;,' ')f St, AixIt^w*, 
in ec4WE>L|u«iric»of tiki) iUi^tiWof PntfiHmir ViL^iit. 
West puaewod AD T]iici>iiimon zoAtheiQAlicaJ 
p-uiui. an u flviiJvct frDtn the nlightoit iuhiih^ 
finTi fff hU FT^iiiMitjiiy ^ynlj»tn nT tJpiifiii*:*^, 
vliidk I4U jrublubfll u'hLio a ti/oeliAT, Um HioiId 
of U^tcbiiiL; AtdUB to biLTc bi^fU odmanbl^ uilI 
W b'lii Ibv iiKiHl of mfij^iiti;- bin wa vinni hAv 
a nniuW i>f /riuiii; tui^ii ulio Livr i^jliIf ilrutcsl 
not D. little to the reor^'ory (>i tliat high mnk in 
nuvtiiemiiticiil feir^iw v\iu-\\ h-jtnvr\yht^\Mind to 
t^Ki BritiulL niiLtUfiiiiAiLoiiLtkh. Tbp Inito PimMOr 
rinyfjiJr ului ikiI lutti^ml tljt^ iili]i1) of Wfvt« but 
lie UAH his frietii.1 taui iMtitodipnmry, and both 
ImiL litvii vl(uat«tl At tliv auu* Hii^wrTity, H 
it iioL uulikcljr tbcrcforo, that Ha may liavo bcctt 
indobtod for hie imwioD ivr the Dcienie tu bia 
intiuLU^y wltb Wint The Ule i^ir Ji.J]ii liwlit- 
u-ua pnp^hvf WvAt, mirl jiiil«bt«i) lo him Uit hII 
himaatbcnuLlienl kuowlvdgOh Uct ^vnB poiwuHid 
of a titiv m^itbomAtioaJ fioniiiA, Dod Lboii^L not 
tuuiliMj' \iith tlw |:i*JitL^ cjuJ>tii^ luvtbuiit 
vUk'b niv now In I'crnptuit Ukt, yi^t UIa til^tUi^ 
mntio\L Iciiovletlgia wna roq^o^ble. Mi. Ulvu- 
aJD ^-JM ut^tbvr of Mr. Wi^mtV fnjfijU llvit tLi; 
IIIJU4 wImj d«ir» lb« biifbiipit i;iv'<1it t<> Mr, Wipt in 
Mr Ivory, whu W inJMsl lii^uwJf to ihv iiny 
1)i^bi<4r. nuik a^ a mMl]<.<iunlkNmi ; vb^t fiM oiil- 
tii'AUil KVfi^ bftLiich of II14 htjfber cU^uiii* 
viOi tlif] luirfttoflaplvtoBUOKat; -cvbu i« mtioiUy 
a4\|iuuitLoi| witb tlid ubo^i.' tizst4:iry iA nMQtajn- 
lii?) diw^ivfimiaj !u\i} in tm-v iLnhT^ndilly Admit' 
(ml to Itu ihe fi«t nvUhenmlMiiia ht j-rebrnt lu 
Eiiropo. TtiUA be hu itsrmiMl (Jn^it Ulitain 
fpjoi tbfl tti^rni'^ ^lEiftl tv bvr, nf iiJuHoHly ni 
iaa4hvuuJittud tlull tti tlic uutlivi^jtlitdujiji cm ||jh^ 
Continent f^mbrid^ abn '-if ]aut ymn ban 
prc^mwl diflitrpnt 'niiuvml lunlbviiKkLiciiabat Uw 
uiujit culvbnitt^ (4 wh^'iu iu ^jr .lufui Uir- 
«tiell. 

It uuiJd In* £mtKP«ibIc< iJi lliis kuty Bk«tdi 
U\ j^iVi^ thi> Hli^htHit fdea nf rb* prtaJI/rfiUA in- 
irnnvmentt which have boeu nuJe in ninlhciu^ 
tia> duruir tbo j^ingnvB <jf tlio Ui< <vnlury' 

I'hn Ufik ui JUl liHTiiulmi <rlic. It Im* (if*!! 

fniqiianUy attempted, \nxt nt'vcr yet rJMi^ted^ 
The inilividiiM b^tttijiiAliinl fnrtnivh « liwb U 
Mr. Jttkr^. W4ir« ba (4 «uctil« it L* woaki 
dufcr A hotjn cf no ordinary mafiuCmlo d|MB 
H.-icii«v and add a new «t«db to lb«e wiOi 
iirbiili tfirat Bntjiiii in jJinxly nrciirlaL 



I 
I 
I 
I 




I^VSIC-IL &ClJ£NCli. 



• ZiW 





m. 



IBt word olffihfa U AmbJi% nnd U d^riTwl 
(i^ th^t Mnijfbr, ociitlcrticu. It wiw at 

hifih tlie tcnn* wen; ttjuMpofc^L TLl-ii? ii 

nw tulB>U for [RitjK'jlIcig i1i:lI it \iaI Wt- uuw 
1 alj{i'l>m rtrij^iriKtncI in Iniltit- t)Jiijtli?Liiiit4, 
wbo livoj hh'Mi l^:i yijiin Mfor tb« comnuilKO- 
montM the L'hrifltJMiont, Lok left thirt«(di book* 
4f onUiuiolicvl riUMliou«T wUich .-iro trattdl Ui 
aiuii>cr Uuit luxy 1i« oif^ibu^t^iml m idjfclinLic. 
till* n^i'iiryi v!3v^ n\\t\vMM by thv Ambium 

n<I 4 knovlL^ilifj <*f it wwi flmt bmuglii lo 
:un."|» in Uif? iLirUcnth wntnrr bj Lponoi-iltv 
A nx'iT'Jj^nt iif PSffi, nlio Imviri;; iii^jT* \i\iit\y 
^i*iu to thn liflrt, bnmglit hiu?k witli liim n 
jd-rtrlwl^ i4 ^li^h^■n^ ou vihwh \w wn^v n tiva- 
tbo iu l!:!0^,jiuc] ATiiitlHT ill lif^A^bfjlliuf wliidi 
■til] rciiulti Li lufuiiuiUEipL 

But tl^r [ind lixik jD'Jiiti^ [u Eim]|i? on al^ 

ibni vsA tlmt of I^f** da Boti^, « fVvidiujui, 

tovonk tbc cod at tbe ftfinmth oontiuyT 

into the Ecdt, and ncquii'D] n knew- 

uf UiiT priuciitlvn vJ :J^bi;t Tbe cIuu^jj;' 

«ni|idojviil by him ar» TuareXy libbrormtUnift 

wvrdt. Tbo Icttcn ^1 mnil m ore iiml for 

w luui mrtibr. Au'L ilit nil'- ix UJii d<iwri. 

Id iaiilti[ilii;ntiiiu |i1uh i^ilo uiimj;* 4;ivcj 

i; but DxiiiUA lEito iiiiiLua givu pLua. J]nia 

rm v'jv on^tuiJly jni»ivly nu jLbbrpvihlnin 

^onimon tui^n^ a|>]i1i«d. to the lululton of 

ctH pfublvinA. 

tudf<LUd ujjd AribiAUs jhIvjiqcvO oa (xi 

V>liltinrL fif i|MrblrJ«ti(' 4>i[iiatLi>EiM. ^dpi-r 

i^ ykTfjfiuu'jr of FnatliciUftT.int til lUAn^n, 

f ai»ut the vcAT 1&08, found out a melhod 

of Kilriti^ tdHi of tltc nnn uf ciiblc iT4]iiJitii>iiA ^ 

,«ludi tic riLlivi DJiJCiuJcd, m at loot ooimuU' 

onlj Co a few of bin lu^lH^arK Oiio r>f 

FlAhili-i, irruling tii thL« Mi^rvT, iltAlkiLfivi] 

ft Bnncin to cnntfind with him in ihu 

■oltttion vyf dj^ljraic problcnifi. tlorido tioA nt 

fintl Uiv uilvauuuTf; buL TuiVilL'^ \k\u'j: n uuui 

di In^EniiJly, Ktcni damTi^irsd liia nil*% ojiJ Hkp- 

■nothvr mucb more ^ii(>r[ilr iu o^mnvij^tfrin'c 

of wliicti lifl nuii0 vil' Jit tiuil vu't^ij'iciui*. By thv 

nport of lbi» TtcUjvy liit tuiioaitv of GuTioii 

■titm^Ij ci.L-ilu3. F-JC tljuiifj]] Iu- wjin liiiu- 

fori n/TDmjitlHbrkl mntMiinlimn. hv \\Hi\ ii'4 

■U* to dtflovur A muUi^d of ndThig o*\Mit- 

bi^or than tht iccoiid iJtgivi?, By tbc 

unpotloiuilc flulidtnlkine bi; umug fniui 

Ih8«ei:ntt of bU niliPi; biiiiliug IJiimilf 

tike aomA timp, b^ the ni'^t FnU-mn priiniHi?, 

to divulgo tiiciDH TliiiiijfU 'r:LrI.ilo:L diii 

ocpioinuiiicAti^ tiki Jciuuiirttrntiiiti, C^LiOmt 

1 foiukJ It oiit, DJii^ v\ij:ii<\cd it ill a vcty in- 

ioutt and iyvtuEiuiUi: uuLXniDr tu tU cabi<: 





Bcinjf ttua pfltwwfd of an bajMtttuit dh- 
oortiy, wbicJi was j-aitlr Ms o^n, hcs foi^t Kb 
[iramucB to Tjitbdrq, jLitd inibli^rd Lbt kLoIi? 
fu l."MA, aftt I'lWiftuJliijj. Iiouritw, wbai b^ rm^tl 
to tho Utter. Tliui vhs pibluhf^i the ntlo 
ttlijrb fltiU bom the luimc of UanliLnj «jid 
^Indi iilJI iiuirbn a (x^iut in tin; f*iuijr«< cff 
jd^L-buiiL' iuventi^pttlon, vbidi all tbt; rJftnts of 

Uobort Boectdo, cm Etiffluh (D^LllicTuatijinj;. 
piibtiiAboil abt'iit tho iiiidJIv if tlH.* aiitwatU 
i¥'jitiiry tliii lli>t Lii^tb<}i U<'nLiH< uii ;d|ft<brn( 
and Lo tberc lEitrodtt««d tbo mUDC li^ of 
v<|iinlit^ nbi'oib i« now in oae^ 

'riio iiririxirtLtM nf lU^bmifl ^qfinlLirr.* vrvn 
tlitcovDtuJ \ci^ fJowlj. IMiUiitUK, a PiimiJi 
iiiiLCbi^wiitrriAii, in 1&A6, flnt obiprvr<] itint iJie 
Toctl tit uiL vqimtUii la Cho dLvlKir of tlu* buA 
tonn, IkimlHilli «oaii oftor pubiifbtd a ro^ukir 
trutJM oti al^obm. in which ho comudoroJ witb 
rnjtL4.'tibkr xU^'iiliuii tli<i ii-ti.iJ(JCLliV' '^ViT uf C^^ 
iluJt'trulri.uJiii |kijnl4^ont tbi> method of boIvIii^ 
j>ruU#niii fjJiiTi^ aiuUr it hy tbo trioovtioa of HI 
arch, 

VicfA mnrkiiuicm in ftlftbrt^ic AitAlrni^ lie 
\iivt a FreuL-Um^Lu, bi^nj a.t Fout^nu, iu l*uituu, 
in tim yojkT ir»»a '["hoii^ M.-dtrii-Iftfl Il4H]itAu>A 
uX Pflrit, B <itii.i1.ioi] vrkich cm^oyod miK^h of 
bin tiiii(, Ilu ffjiind itiuurc todovoto biismlf to 
ulifobrau IIu Hot (jnifilorcd Ictlcn t6 dcij&to 
Irfutli tbi? knunu julJ uiik-itoivEi i^Luuiiitit^i; pj 
ibrtt. it. Wiu vHib )ijiii tbM. fW> l^h^iFi^i.' of vlgO* 

trutha« Aud aoi^uin-d that txtauciLon ^hich La* 
fiuoo Tvudpfvd ib auoli u. [n.iwi'rf jI lEialnuuL'ul of 
iii^'iHt^i^ioi]. Hb likewiHt? diaii^vtirnl iltt* T^ 
Lition lxTti4*i?pn the iw^ts of aa cqimtloft nf ojty 
dcgrpy nnri tbu irf-flflicii™ts of ibi t'-mii, (bough 
oiil^ wlicri nono «f tlii* If ruu luu wiuitinj;, itJiil 
vbt:n All Itii: tciru^aie jmaJtivc Tbi* tE^ueml 
tnitK wliii-'b ViH-i only aavr uu\vr{ivily, wn* 
fiirtlitrr iHXti^iiJuJ, ju ttiii^, by AJU<rC (.JtimnT- 
Bni \i wau fjjvt dflVblr^jriirt iu ab iU ^iit^mlity 
li>' UiiTiot, itLom diaoovciiai in ftlgvbia bftVo 
liwu m uiui-'b VAtuUud hy W^ILipl 

Thnap nmvftalvn impmvpnn*ntii brought fllg<v 
bin Jio^]y to itn pnwnt ttiilj*. ii[:i] ptrpaned it 
frarn nLr|> v^bir^li wnri Jibi^ul tv b^i Lukdn \\y Itvt*- 
*^fcrt**, fljjil wbidi fuiDiJi (ljol- oi the mon impor- 
tiuil «[rijc'lir« in uuilbviujiliad noJL^iixv Tbis vrna 
ibp Jli|.lk^t1(i[i ctf iil^^rbruJi? nndyHis ti deflne 
llitf tiutLim n.n>i ini'»ti^ito Ibe pmprrtitd of 
lurve linia, luirl coiiwqumilly t*v Tqimnint the 
Lotion Iff vni'L^d>li' i|iin<iLtfi<4. Tlibi luvvulJgm 
ujicui^J Li]i n viut Held fur dunvvjjjj^ luathcjiu^ 
tJoinrw, Tbi.' vntk in vhEi^b It U'»a aiuruiuHl In 
n tmot "f II" niij™ tiufcTj lOG fjnarto ];nge*, Pru- 
bidily Uhtu in no book of tbo rame nUc nliich 
bfia Cuufv^iivd HO ^(nsit ntid ou ^biumtod a 
iv|}iiLitiiii] {III ifauutbiir. 

U ^ToiiliJ be mipcHsiblc in thf^ Blinrt «paoo to 



XIV 



TUB mOlJBESS OF 



fire «V(en ftn Si3m of t3in iJiLpruiciuiiatfl wtii^li 
nljsbrk hu n>ooit<c<d dunng ftic tvo cauturTon 
wliidi h«ve diifi««t riiiiDc I><i)uut<a Appllod ID to 
Uw LTivMtiffnttori «if (-u]-vi<h It ouinot be Mild 
Uukl «i^ riHw priTin^it« Juu tw*n i|]iuv»V(itw| ; but 
it* bnj^inec abi] i^yiubolB hnrc Ixvd iwrf^t.'Ufii 
miii it liu bL<«D ujijitiiTtl with c0cL-t Id aliuttfl 
ovoy kiud of p>i>-«toal invoirtigiilioa. ]nif«tc]» 
if wr conujor iha colculuii df iijI'miUJiJUiAJ 

fia mixlit T»f7 woll S» Uonfl^ «■• timy nay w^tti 
tnitli lluit il iiuv o»jHltlut<v< tlm ^nuul tnnliu- 
lupiii bj m«i;4 uf u liidi ijli/niiul Boiuucv is ^i\i' 



OF OBSERVATIOS ASH KXPF-RTMnNT- 

It witf not U be «xpc«Uil timt miuikiiid 
diaiild Ab GfVt iDokc uij nptil proy^ai m uj- 
vccCigutiufT thft LiV4 vlkich n^btU tha dwrtgu 
Uiot bk^Q |Jnc« iu Ulo iuat«iSBi votld. Tbo 

«ni|Wil obin-fvttnD by th^ir vvry iK^ibtiiEir, 
Kivnr«|}(TJi? in the tmtif A^ca of tho worid ^^ 
a)i;L-t HiibdTncjriiiiuui uf |]rodJglcB uid wuudciT, 

■Unctol 4l(':rj£i'>n. The mctliixl gl infertijtil- 
liy uit^irv h\ LibB-rtaUoa And ctpniiuvut uu 
wvcdy tlii>ught o^ exovpt by two indETHiujiln, 
wIm), by muAa of ihnu, iiuuJt nouic pruj^rtu iu 
DHciiuUci ftul h]nlro<uUu^ Ainl in witniiioiuy: 
Umm ««rv Arohijiwdfli ami llippun^huH. TIm 
ssecbftuiod diBoaTcriaB of Aru]iiiii«fl« wrra 
nfi^tJr cttendnl Yiy CLcu1tiu> Uid Hero, Ly 
Aathtmiuiy wid by t'of^ma: wfaUe Uie aatnao- 
Dolod oWrralUiiB btifua by Hipp4refaiu wn 
ointiiiiuil 1>y TuAruij. 

Hul at tlw n*ii^ uf ]«tL«E« in tli« dil«uv]tJi 
«otui7 n «pmt of o1»«rv«tKn a&d iiiquizy 
awoka vliicb iioiHiig«ciiild dMmp, tud men W 
fM t» pry into the hotdu of naJatro by ILc way 
of taifcdmenc. Onldi^i Irj lUiy, and Qill^rt 
bi Bli^lBnil, ep|i0fi»11j tlii* rintjur^ r^'rij(l.ili]r#> n«- 
■ariaU« ftiBiapIn ol mixiawJuI tnvHtigiitJon 
^ ftijvcHuiEiiL But it vu PjoocIji Bricuu, 
Loid Vfonlfliii^ vhn fiiHt liiTnidgalal tlifl Uvn 
ACVQldui^ to vhi«h«<i«b«ifj«rlinvDtA] inmti|:v 
tio& abanU be couduoied, wbo pLimloJ out div 
mwwiy ol foUowiiiff Ihoio buv in all ittcmpu 
lo o<:ttftd tbo fliywMl moucu^ uid wbo (ontold 
iho brillUnt ■iio o ^ (lui KiiiJil ijiio dfty tt\my 
fllOW wlm tlkOdld adapt tlu TtiAfhali whldi liw 
pOtel«il nat- Thu L« djd 10 )ii« Ntivuin Urfp' 
null, poUyicd in Una o*Hy ]art vf Um «FT<a- 
tMDtb iMiluiy- 



Bcforr i&yicp doim^HHHBB be followed 
iu bid Quvr cr ipfiuctiva p^wSirftictiu vututiirr- 
Jitod (Jio «nue« of error, whit-t lie divitli^l inUi 
four aoU, ojid dutiDj[iiUhcd, uoordiu^ W tlio 
tfjuliioa of the timci, by Uio followuig fui^jfol 
bEit mqiTOMJffo ttuUM : — 

IdoU of tlid triljo, 
IdoUuF Llaif Jeti, 
1doli4 nf Tilth fiiriitiij 
IdoUof ttic thi-ntit. 

Tlie ti^# of Iht triht :uT tho FAhvb of RTror 
founded on bumui lutturv m j^<nvr:d> IIhib oil 
mcu Uavc a jiri>]jriujty lo Eitid Jii n:iLuiv h 
groiktor ilegTiifl of oijer, biTtipbritj-, n.nil ri'^^tilrv- 
ily fjijui tA iifliuJly iriJJmtoi by oTuen'Jitifla, 
IIjU prr>|HiriHir,y, tiHtinlly itlAEiu|^i]i»lu?U by tbc 
litiw ci( ipiril ft/ j^tttm, U mil* uf the grvQlfA 
furmiM lo its pro^pi'aB tluit naivuco luu to 
Bliuggl* wiUi. 

Thu fitiuU fff tiii dtn ATO ttiM? tlint upHnf; 
frtiiu Uio |47^ii1iAr i'luiriKlcL' of Ihc iiidiTiduid, 
Krtch imliviihi^d^ lUi^nliTij; iii llitoon, bos bi* 
owu dork caw or dvn, luto ^vhi^li 1b« ligtil I* 
imperfectly itdtidltoJ, *Dd m tJio f>Uc«f^ty of 
wlildi an idd liirW*, nt vrhoto nbriiw? Ujo tniUi 
tfl ufluTiKii^fict^. Scjaommdi itmb?*! adiijilfd 
itjiVLUli LlicMlLfUirviitici^othcn thi> tcocanblattoco 
of Uiiii;^, ^Hjie prxntKl too ntpld)y, othen too 
■lowly. AJiucwt avBry ppmoii Iim un^uifwl a 
^MUtluJity for BODic brjmclk of ficjcDCir, to yrYath 
hft k pmnri U* fiuhion uijI form cv^ry olber. 

WUt tf lln; iulflTWnil'W iJ HrKil'lj, Uld C«|!CciftllT 

frum IjLTkgun^. by moniuf of uMcli nii^ri wnuun- 
nion:t4f ^Ib cocLi oUior. It u voll kijown tlul 
vuiiK in BKuc loauurc, ffcivcra tliou^-ht. u;d 
Uifii V" i-finiLot tSiTik fitniritiJy unl^ w» su* 
Mo Vt ciipn** ouj^c^hfK ocoumtdy. Tbo «ca^ 
noid dma tiuttxiuvvy Ilj« avuuu Uhl todiUvroiil 
jionionji Hmo* mfiay i\u*\v[iftt iirp m^rHy 
wr-bd, thougb Um disputajitJi uuiy bot be ikwar^ 
uT ihu isJii^LiiiiatiUiCf. 

Tbn i-^Hfi rt/ r-4i lAeiifre ajw tlw diipoplior» 
whii^b UjLVotaJun thoir tiufmu tho i^atoiiucif 
diil'civnt flcboobt <4 }i\i\kfj\Aiy, H^cno orron 
kllDin«l lite pliilfHkpliy of iTiu Aiirieiits moup 
thiui llmt of ibd tnWvnvL But tlioy u^ not jot 
vrjdiiiiit thpir cfTccU Ukd oiben act puirtiHally 
n|ion iTidSvUiinli witiiout Uu^ir belDgnmronf 
diotr off»t. 

After DO Lvloriual i low <if «cuUOe fran ib 
dnvn nmang i1m* Grvvki 1o liin uirn time, uul 
IMiinting out tbo Uttlo pragn» vhicL H bad 
uud«i in ooiwcqfaoacc of Uk impro[ii;r tjij ia 
vhidi it htu\ bHD culliTalad, Rnaon |i(iiuiwt«, 
La Lio iifO)nd U*tfkj to |riiUit out the Cjvo w>j of 
advnncui^ edvnot by inttmetion. 

Tbv flnt obJMt onj^t lo lj« to prtpm » 1u^ 



I 



I 




PHV8IC.U, sanies. 



at* 



tovy o( tlic |j|]t3KqiiriiJi tu V cx| J'l^i iinl, iti jiU 

iLrir muiliJlcAtiouKHtil vtu'Ii/Ubiu Tli't* libtU>r> 

UavoDily offer Uicnwlrev, bat ^1 tho tiiwri- 
■DQDbi Uutitiital fnr tlip mtke of dwvvFTjt ur 
Uat uij o^ llLtt purpOH* of tho luoful nrt*. It 
oofbt to be onupMcJ with gtxtii (arc; Iho hiotv 
■liouitl tic wxnnltly ivIftUtl niiil dbtuictlj u- 
nra^-<UMirautl)0nudljcftittfal]y(Lfii»rUiIn«lf 
[Uifl tljtnc thikt Rtv doubtful iltcmld be marked 
.iA mi^rlhiii, wiUi iLe gnf atjil* fur L^m julIi^kuI 
f»niio(L Tliiui riHoiiJolfvt4B:i»aci]ltiiitf uraZ 

He celt cibjcct it a poniimrUou of Uus dil- 
f«l«Dt f Acta, to tud out the cause <i the phgnf>- 
nenon. 

Tli^ mrtlioif of indiii^Eun lnnrit Itil4 dovn b 
apfilicabtDtoiJJ innatijciitijici* vEi>>n< »|iM'iAnc« 
lA tLe guide, whctiior in tlic mofol ur bhl^jnJ 
wcrid. 

It k obwtJi that iJl fact*, oven siipixising 
thoni li-ii]y otid ^bccaratdy r«cardcd, iSirEr uut U 
njosl v^ktiitt iri tijv dlKOVuty of LL-uili. ^virnu uf 
th^m aTi41w Um Ihln j£ ftonu'^^ ^'^ ^" lU hi;:lii^ 
dourW] "dii^Ti ill itii In^wwt; ^llH1^}Lowit *iinfilii 
a^ uii(XiUkbiijnl,vkir_<uCLiij[« nn-oiufunnl wllh 
A raiirt^ <if iiiriTnmtftanow. ^innii? fut« tin* 
cdkiLl): intcrprvitdf othon nn vi^r^ obKuro, ftud 
■re uudvntooil culj' in cioaiu4|ucua3 uf Ujc Ught 
tlirowit on IbMu br tba forrnDT- Thia bJ lfcu>jn 
to oooit'icr Ibo cDminnvlivc vaIug oI factn w 
Bii^iaj uf tUtfL'vvtfr}. He etiuiueiuL« tvniili' 
eerca d!fTi.>r*nt «j>«oiiM: bitt »'> Jull wlihf^ 
oostolrcB here iritb notidftg u few of tbc oivat 
imporCAiit «f Uku. 

I. /jLOunri^ aolitarvr nm Atmnplea of Iho 
«icii« quAlllj cxiAtjiij; lu Iv'u iKidkn whfcL bnvc 

Ibe lainet 

LTlie irvlajttia v igmnta exliibit sosuc Dxtnni 
or property of bod iu pondiig from ana oandltlon 
la mMu/ih<T, <itIiOT frkDQ lev to fi^cateti or from 
^:it«l«r Uj loMh Tbiu jcLih vliilc titittjv iK 
rioTr>iirliv«i, but b^Ci^mEU vliit^wktfu rediMnvl la 
|»Oirdtfr 

3i ^j? v'ltf'tTAitiC w^iriBiiv iLow fiomo pu-- 

(Oetgy* In thii WlV tJii? tlxcrmouiJ-'tcr- uUi>w>» 
i1m cjipaujuvc |vnci' of li^i^^ajid Uii: Ij^luxlii-lm 
tlw wnl^i t4 air. 

4. The iflitan{HM aiutiocfi^iv oooMSt of fncte 
bctv«ca wLiL'Ii an iL:i.iJc>(;;:r or n»^ujbkuL-e JA 
tUiI« if] wmr? |iiirti('i]lnr>. n^TffitlLfttniicEing 
f;ittA dircnaij in iJI tLa raaU SucU lu'e 1]]c 
jtdooilic uid mif-iw^uiie iu w>ika uf mi, ooui- 
rllh Iht ey* in the work^ 'jf Hfltdra. 
&. Hia aiur<TrtrifV emoii is lliv iJirisiou of Ihtr 
iiiifcHjuciLtaJ Ici^^ic ivhkii w Ibo UL>:flt fi^neuUj 




rceojtcil to iw Ujc prj^ios cf lnilti''tivf. iiiv*»- 
tij^tLoii. A^'bcji, lu fiiidi lui t[LVedti^iii>ii, tlio 
iJjxttfiMUiMliD^ bfifiit vojVjplni»d iii«i|Vitlilirii> 
UtWHii tiTQ or laOR) Qtiuc»r dboh of wliioli 
iun>i]i]U pqvudly wtll fur l!mi4i|itniiuivc9pbk far 
a* iLtv on knovo, nOlliJSg rvniAinM ImC Va liMk 
<»Ut Ur » ta^t nliuU f*n bo eKplrunfd ly the ooo 
of iltcM cAUMJi njid iLoi b; tllL- oUxfT. If Bucb & 
fcLCt cu be found Iho uQcurtoinljr It n-n»orvd, 
and tbe inu cavue bcwuio* A|ipar«[it, Suoh 
&tot« iJnrTonj] tJiif oAIim of Jk rruv, vnickd 4t ibu 
iDWtug cS iwi> loadkj t> din^i-l the tmveUer 
vbkh vmy be b to pzh Od Ukw aooouj^t Bicoa 
guve ibein U^* HJuut; of irutantiitf^rai^U, &u|k 
jvae it vero ^uiuifcd into vIja^ mcfabi Ifi'HNiini* 
Lcxii'icr ivbvn oilciJUfd, v^riviu ei])lruintiotiH 
Uij^hl tjrt d^KtiviMi DiLt llio ei]>criiueniuiu 
cnLcuof Lavuuit-r rviiii)r«d theaiijU^iily. llo 
ijsiJ->#cd acjUfUititj of tin in a Wgo r[ilw vcei^T 
wbidi won licruiolioally walai. Hi.-at buuiu 
ihcD ipptioJ, Ih? tin molted nml wiu pvrlly mt- 
tiiicil. The pitjocaa boios fini^hi^J, Lho -wciiibt 
of thii ^Imm aud it? Uj>]ilcni4 ^tiu fuaiiiJ un* 
i^hnnjfHl. Hi^t tii«^!ik*i Iwin^ o|ionEHl,h ^lunn- 
Itiv f( nir nmhcii tUi ^umLntiii^ in wiri^hln to 
Iru ^nuiLi; nj^d Ibo liu woa dniuil tu IiLivtf iu- 
crcutfd in tfcighf. tcti ^lint It wwt nbvidiiK 
fidui tKui, tJj4t by tbo '^k^DalioD of th? tir> a 
]yirt^in nf U^nali' UjuI bcvu aliAOibid * ivliith bad 
tHVTwitPtiHl iliki irifAMoa of thu wolgliL 

III ciKi where uu CipchniL'ntuuL cmeb cfin^ 
iiuL be nworted Lu, Uicn- IH ufUni u ^rvtkX i»ajil 
of mnclii*ivtf rvidcnw. Thin m the t-uc in ngri- 
caltiUT, m mcpdicibCi in poUtioix) ccoaamy, &c. 
To mnkv one t^jna tuwut huuilur to oiiuthrr In 
!tJl risjjQL'tJi but u!j*, til ^'hnt tli* tPtpHnn\aiilimi 
cnicia xuiil the jinacijjU^ i't i»iliir:tUriJ iii f^fciifrnL! 
miuim. But IIilh, in thv FK-'icutTs jur^ tiumt^Jp 
ryin Hjiitom \>v MCornpliilird fli-dr''* On.' pirJit 
iJAcidty of acpVThUng ibe axutw, utd allcttini- 
Lo uach Ita due |>rv|Kirtiuai of Uie tS'H-'L Men 
ileoirjiv th»nu»lTeii in ronivquanuof lUm L»n' 
timudlyfninil think tbr^oie rtaMMiiiH fi^u fitct 
juiJ eiperieuoi-j wbtiu, iu itsdity, Civy ta*- dwiw- 
ing r.ltiiir ronrbuirrrm friini h TniitjJrAiif Trutli 
and faldrihood. FiviUi do itrwiroolty njipro- 
hcniicd only torri tc render c!nvr more iutxir* 

Of the twonty-eovcn dovicn lat« vbidi in«f«n' 
fur HIV Hii!(uj:iii by Dhix>eIi Itfluin aJdmi Uiviii' 
>:4lvi.«t iiiJTtivd lately Ut tZi^ unJ^rElnndliijif', five 
acrvc to o^rrtct or inionn Hid wijsi^ii ; find ncvpu 
tu iJu*<:l the bond in raising Uie mip^nitiii^tiire 
of art OD Ihn fonn>JiViiiti nf «cipn4?c. Tbo ex- 
afiLf lUa vhkb wc hare ucleotcd niv from tlie fif it 
iif thvi>H.'dtvinIouai. Thculhct tvioiuv^'f ijifmiiji' 
ia]pctx.'ina>, uicl may ht omlltixl In ihia im|i«r< 
ftfol BUiBiaary. 

Sucb vu llus nitw bkid duwu by 'Bm.tai fvr 



j irp fcH tilJn^ tbtf Mc]«n«H li; iniluvlioiL Tlie 

NwtiiD Oi^uiLun Uiuat bkTo ti«ii rc«7 fjfriAt- 
It Taa,y 1)r Jiiisijoncd, imiced. uhcLliiM' tliuw 
vho hAvo er-nuibotod moat otfoch^all; to ^o 
mitnncaiintit ■;' tlin *cii^(ica* hAvo wdj' fii^illy 
ju-1li«Tfil Ut Bnivm^ riliit Antl, In ipnioml, aikJi 
A rij^d adbvnDoe i« uiin«<7»«ivj' ; bvoAiu^ w 
irnidi aavbitioe OUL in ifeneirJ bv flcrirfid from 

A ri£i(l nature liUtvricAl d«Uil of all the ph«- 
mrawiih btKuouia umicoaMary. It w«* omly in 

TtiqiutiU'. H'ivIl-i (jfimt Umvj 11hi|-ii up m Uia 
luqiuricd iitlo ihemiuot^ vjjnom ptirfKniirQA, 

in f>>nvimlLU]! tlji«« bruic^hiw <3f flduucv wliioli 

■ Imcuiiv uo<jiui»ti>J witti l]i4i trti/nt^tt <»t Uu^ 
^0VDf«iUtil<:{iu]Ltif«rDiuliu^ in iKiiiti^ 8r» f^r 
nvfionm Iiu liiTli^rlo iuIviukii^, iii>uu« cmvuo^ 
h/u biHndimjvcrcdt^Uiot u to mjUtw otmIo 
uij of its more citonaiTe modifiofAioiia. Tljim 
ifunruHiJll JnddiiM wluithiir hra.t njid iJwrLrL'ity 
b* qooLUioi or iiuUitui4H4 Vut iv« fiAva ik«- 
ee^VTbl uiAiij niiprktt.-uit fhTr>prnif3< vr Iawh, l>y 
JBmit uf vbidb bcHt mkI i<l«ctni^iCy, wlirtlivr 
yn/pmUtm or vnbftaDCvii uu n^lAttxl. Arid 
from tiifl kaovtcdipo probcth- wo dwivo aa 

mapM*' ltiio^«'ivilj2i> <jf tbc>ir c*iMiir>u. 

Bofh fti? Uio Iac miitJii>Jjiuf^TanciD>*fci(!iLOci, 
^ tj-jimmntt itr affx^rmrinn oil llip up* fiu.l« 
iu tvrry irivtiov ur n^nrnd. By Uw npplii^- 
lloa of nmtJjciunttaJ rtib*uriit>ir ta t^ioo fcLeln 
ib^ anr roduoHl fjiUicmrLQlflfienhni^llnliyrmii] 
like gwonU jirmcijjJui ^iiich iwipibtA invry pa^ 
ticolftT ■Qenoe ilcU^TuiiKuL, Lcl ua u^# va- 
d«AT0Uf lo Uaw III" juxi/rtHn vUkh bn* b«^n 
uttd* in lh« (lilTvrviit [>hjvi(«l vdtaos iinn) 
IInmo tw« pow^il nuuuof Adraacnment yen 
itutfy ipipliuJ tulhcm. 

Sl«Tinuii« Aji tikf^nci^ m 1b« Low CounlrJnt, 
k tlic firal ppr»oii »rbo piuwd beyond tbc point 
ft( abldi the BOiriAiU bmS nLojipnl.liydKi^naiTL- 
log necumtAlr Ui« for?* Pommry to ■Lmtaiit a 
bodj mi « iJjuiif indiTitd At any ui^n Uf div 
bofLvia lltia kiioirbcls* !■< ifwniH tu tinv» 
4«ilB<«d tnm Ilw ^c« ttut ft c-hiin Loud on an 

iShclilwl jJihlU*, «ritb ft pAlt of it IlUl^g OTW 

kt Ui|i iu ■ pi'n*^>^'<^"^ ^u*^- *^ ^ io aq;aUI< 
brio if iIjc twu oaiU <jf Uie abuo tVMli down 
vzMftlt tri tbv fiiuiLO Ictvl. Th« Ant ■ppwraofa 
«f Sl«rTirii[h'ifeJutfixi*tf LtiUtirr>bUiiB VM la ibe 
jmw iitiS, ilii workitU iri nu« bftr* Uram- 



Hvru i:uUc(!t£Al oftvr ]il> duUh liy hu (vuulry- 
mnii, ALbvrl Uvmn), Mul pubfUli«d At Ijcyil«a 
ID Wd4. 

BmI tijv mau Ui wluiiiL uii*c1iJmLt> in iiiJiTltUtl 
fnr tJiiffinl ^paI uti^jr* vliidi it niiHiv in !uh-afif^ 
IB Grdikv, wlio wna born :it Vim in tJw yvir 
|jOi. Liiid wbu JA pi^ilm|» Ibc iLii«i I'r^JunrkAliltf 
ui:in flmt ftpjftfiUBd m tli«t nap, to prulitic m 
□u'.ti of fint-nilj; jfciuiidL Iji loEfi! lin publUbt^tt 
ii livatLBD l>t?]Jii 8(;itiuzu Mui'1;:iiiicai in wbiub lio 
Hhm ifivi'u IbcF tii*»ry n(>l only <J th« Iai'lt, but 
iU» of tbc indbcd plmio mid sorew. imd ia 
nlili'b liv IjiM duwn thi* ^eneml prnpomtjon, 
th.'it Kmall vdightfl juv kbit to novo bj^ mioi 
only tiy ji pfiTJtt iijcTv^iuv of TrJiATily, i^r ttitl 
vviKliL* Arv in piiiiilibrti* blivn lU' w*'ii-hl of 
L*n'-h miilti|>]iKl iuIq iIh ri^livity i^i thi^ nmcc 

Wbilfi A atudcut nt Tisa ho hoj mndo tLip«rI* 
Ellin Ui uii falling bodin, jkikd diK'iifiiml lint f^i^l 
tb^t li^tit and lionvy ImkIjca 1^ to ih» jfTvimd 
in ttifi viaia linn'i making fJlovmrior for thtf r^ 
niwtAuw of III* nir, Fnno ciTwf*rving Ibo vflim- 
tioo of tile LJimjH m tbo cAthwIml lio Wl rcmo 
to tliiA very importvitcoadudoaitJkitjjfreiit Mid 
muUI vl1 imtLoru of the poodi^lum juv parfonnril 
ID tbv tAino tliuo, and tlL^t ttii« luuv rlujj«jidrt 
odIt oh tliO Ipnjl^tb nf tho pQii<bditm. 

Tlifr-v <.'■( [M^ri Tiu'uT*' cJr'u- tifHtn l>im tha di^ 
pkrunun of b» mjmlon, who wuv olfcudod tJud 
lie aJioutd i]onBuh oatui-c un J cx]Hnmc9it ili«t«ad 
i.r ArEHLitlc anJ ibdr funninoniiirliM no thi* 
dogmDiiid (fiuliixfiiikbKi^k. Tliiii nn* tl^corigiii 
of Ujom jvmcciitj^iu, pronwlib^froianuuxtLir? 
of bip^try iinil rti^'y. Hilh wliirh be nintliiuaJ 
to bo b4UW«d throughout the rvt of bu bfc 

Cy mcAitf of tbc UcLmctI plmic liu JiuccvnIoJ 
in lUmiiimtrntlng that dm mritkiti bf a fidUng 
liody i* iL unifi-irmly ii4^riiii/i>t«l iui>ijtitk. Ui* 
tKxK et^Fi WM t(i dntcmiiuv llm |utli of a biAvy 
iHnty wSrii iililiipji<ly jiroJLvn^vi. Ifr abnv^ 
thE* path to Iw b putubr>liL The tlioiu^ of Ibo 
itidm»l pUxie ihowcd timt if n citrSt: In* ^iluccd 
vnrtlcilly, iha cluinfja of Ilir dJlTflifi^iit ,vhnt itv* 
miiiHtjng in iholovutt jmntoJ lim i-irde aivaU 
ilp-tctriidrd tliioiii[b iu iht niLV* tptuo g| llme^ 
But vhi^ii Uhlr]<«i ^^ipliud thif to niWcmAt Cor 
gmt mid kmidl vilimtia&a of n pomioinm btfiu|C 
l»rfonatd in t.bc uslo ttiuc. b« fell iulu mi 
prror, wbiiJi ww* flnt aimjJrtiJ^y wrL^tiid l^ 
llti^iini. 

In tlw lEat uf tlin incclktuiioJ diBarveiim <d 
(bli1v<i uvAy b« ]>1;uHid the knovbvlgD of tha 
vxut«nO» of the f)j)« P^ KDrffn vity, ami tb« cn- 
iJoyiupiit of it OB a pnudplD iu bia rwKmi^i 
un lb« jtlkmaniiTLia of mcittan. 

ToniooUi, tbo ptijU 4ud fn^jd uf OalttMs 
dbooveral a iTniJ^k:d>]^ prvimt^ of tJm oeutn 
L>f f-i9i'iiy, ujil A irwuerel |)nu(;i[)U wttb rnpvct 
to tbv c>^tiilibrium of bcuiuiL It ia tbia: 





FHYSICAl* fiCIEXCE. 



xta 



motiDU Uivir OfUltv uf [TrEi^i^y oiii iit-illior ik^ 
miiL Qor dvxvjtKl, Ihwe bodit* will raouiiu lU 

lUld hU prrVrQAiiiiaH Au hfj;i:'i, Itltcviju U<<utUd of 
vfTvuotftjK ur uiifvuiid, L!but lu tLi- |irewiib tii^iul 

TLc law irbidi rv^piLxto tkr* ulUdiju <if 
tmli» reiuoiiinl uukimwii, till xhvy Wore fv- 
ocuiLiiiEudoil liy Xlip Royal Society l^ i,h* fifLT- 
ticnlv AttcntkiQ of lU njctabLrrrL Hinit: pAjKira 
■Mill ftppcdxcd, iu TvhiiJi tlitn- Inw* WBiv tt>i- 
reclly Inli4 dawn. Ihriiiffli ur* mw nf the lutlinnt 
had iuiy krjovtliMti;<i tJ tho oonckuDOVi obtoiacid 
liy Uitt otiitfr iwii, Tlic fijtrt at then ww i^»d 
rnlfip Mciifly ill Ncii^mlier, IffflA, bv T*r. VtaWvt 
vi OjiforJ; tho noit by Sic Clitifltophcr Wftc, 
>b tbc mocitb foUowioij;^ xad the Lliii J hy Iliiy- 
goEia, in Joniiftry^ IfiOa, TW orjtullty ol sietlan 
nod fonctki, tad tlie ruii.vjiu i\ml Via wuiua 
furt« tiouimuiili^fttdv to JilFrivut b<M]ifn rrloci- 
titafe wljif^i .'irv iiiT^nv-ly ;ih t1i*<ir thiuw^, nw thr 
iwinciplra ■>;! vlijuh U^wa mvuti^UiniB oro 
fODQiied- 

Huygiuv w^u tlic flnrt persmi it^io erplsiaod 
th« true n-Utii:t& bglwciiu llio Itugth uf liiu |>«ri- 
ilolom Aud Uu: tiruc L>f it* Icrtjkt vilrr«tiuQft, And 
vTio g>tT« ft tijli^ Tiy vliEi^li t!ii« tiiTi^i i:if tii» recti- 
tilLoar d9oait Ihroiigh n Jim? cqunl in length to 
the peodolum tni^zhl fnmL tbcnce hu UolLfLnJ. 
Ha next DrFp1f<yl llic prmluluni 1d Tvgu]AL« the 
motloa of D ctwlc* uid gavu eui (uuount of ils 
txrnHlnjCl it'll, aihI the jiriiiLriiiUH -if it^ ill his 
Hj^iTolciglum CJsr-illi^tnrUini, Ah-mi IfiH jK:ir Ifi7ii, 
Ihonfch th** dstUt vt lUt^ inx-i^aticti e*"^ ^^ ^^^ 
tnck AS L^IMli LvUy. ho ahowcd bow Ui cur- 
rt«l Ihp iin|vrfo.:li(Mi uT u pmdulnmr by makfog 
it to vilfbtc twtwMti iy(!lcLiJal diiwlw, in oon-o- 
qUGDCC of wtuoli its vibmtioiu, nbvUim- i^rvnl 

Th« ftppounnce of tlia iiViocripia of Newton 
ia 1887 tfdWUid nu rdiiiout lot^J (VtcluticiL In 
mivliViia^ by ifivJLi^ iww |iiji»fni iiuil iwv di- 
ndioo* trf* iu iv»*t-B.iTln%t 'Hip frimpcuition i»f 
Corone wu li'iNvted mdciirEiLk-iitlr of the cum- 
[wtiiMjUjf incrtion- Ftthii t]itfcr|Uii|i(yof cwtion 
9f)d reii^iciii It wni iiifenvd thnt llio Btittf of 
the centre d ^^luvity of any wpUsa of bodicn to 
ticit dnu£[ul by till? jv^liuii uf tlm» bodiiM on 
«B^hatticr- PVoTU tliu it toJlou-« thht tlioquim- 
tity Af motioD ozintiEi^ in lULtiirc, w}irit cnti> 
uuttfl ill Aoy givea di^ctit^Ji. ix>utLiLi» uls^Jiyn 

&it iho irdnctioa of qucitl^tiiA <oiu^miu|{ 
foroe dfed mvliuu to qucntioriH <if [nin^ j^tniKtry, 
rod tba mmuuntjoj:! of ttL-^difuiu^ jlcIiijh by 



Jia njufont flifarta, wnsiUMt*' tJie grffftt glory of 
tli4i PriiidpiiL A UnLAitiuii vm tbora niiuio 
f j^uu tlio (Viuddei^livd uf tvf^i:;* lioUjiu itl, kIaUiI 
triti^r-vnJii to thnt of fnron nrtii]^ r-j)itti]^ii:iUy; 
riii<l frtnjj tonm oan^tant in qnjuitity iLud diive- 
liuu to tbi»o that niliiel)£« to « paiut^ atiO 
vjiry [u Any fiiitctiaifi of the didFintf! frotii that 
^lut; t\tc |n-o|«rtioiuJity of liie jaiia* lic* 
iirjljol ulHmt lIjii oliuUv vf iuuTi, t.u tlic liiiK9 of 
ib^iir <l<4r-HptijiTi, \.ht» #tiii»lHy <>f tin* Tulii^ltift* 

by wbAttiTcr nmti?^ Llii: irlatiuufl Wlwifrn tbv 
BqimrrN of tbo vdwitis pnduonl or vxtm-' 
guLdbcd; ukd the mm of tbo u?oclor&ting or rv' 
thiUir-ijf fonm, i:iJ:iL|mt<il Willi iil ii<fciv[i?c not 

1/1 tJiit r.hniui ibiiiiL^ ^vbirli, ImL u> tb^ illttUnm 
ovor vrliiiiti Ihry tuivu .vittiL; ii^ny lio unoiitionMl 
» a. hv.- i:if tljT? dvuajuind uid [u?dian]<xj diB- 
mvtri'** i?ori[jiii]Orl in Ihnt iinnioilAl wtnk. 

Loibaitz, tho rival ul^ oDtng^iuiipt ctf Newton, 
mmji! loum tm|ijirvvuii;ute in uuchaiucal ai:icijoc, 
wliieU tliiiKjjh not ctfinbiB of buuifl romjiftfwi 
wic^li tbv piTifiriiiid diMi^voi-KH E)f NVrwtfji), yot 
jT(|uJL't? to Uf ui»tiiT>J. LcilnitA «wia« bj lui*o 
Ihf^ thv ftrt', who lunwrtuiiwl in gptipml t^'rtrin 
tho prifioipio ej n tv.^imt nvuori^ Thifl fprin 
u|Jc, bijwcver, wu uot now, fui It Uiul 1>?ru ivi' 
fitirrwdby Arrhimadw^And rm|i|oy6d by GidiW 
3tri[j})tvl oi Wm miTlA^i]iy»iiud ^p^b in whidi it 
noB |jLio.M by Lvihuit^^ it mciUiA notbtnj: itifjm 
thin thnt nothing tvvXA in uiy Btftt* vjtliout & 
rtviwn J.i;:tonuiniiig it to bo in thnt rfatomtbcr 
Ji.^ii iu jLtiy ^^i^Kf. This pnuciplc, though truo 
in iUslf ill ft Hmitoil senw, wna mihor brviiij^ht 
mto discredit by tliij wny in vhit^U Luibijiu 
tiu|duyctl it Tim* hn idfrrrtiil tv-n\\ it lb,%t 
two [vn-fJclrti '-d \xwM\'T i-jtiinftt jywAji*! tH3Ul[y 
Ihu akino iiropcrtiwL 'or if tli^y dul, th<* Sa* 
[jreuie Bcloy coUd liftvo uo looun for employ- 
ing Ihe ono mora tbjili tlio other, and dodbq- 
qxiE^utly both tfoiild bo of itocobity rajcctvd — 
u if ma wuiv ui|4illiT (j( iuditin^ in wbol H^y 
mo^rea iv^ ijp"ri lh« minri of lb(i D-'ity, niul 
u if poaition might iv^i W i^ mifKoicnt motive 
foi rj|ji]di>;riu£ Clio [Kuticlo rntliFT tboa ^tiKlbt-i, 
mpivMing txj^h pcnHwd of ciActly tlio cnjno 
prop«rtic^ 

Aiititliej' pitndpkbrouubt iulo PjcvLy L«Ib- 
nitit WfW /^J fiif/1 nf rn,irtnJiifi/, iuvan\\T\p; Ui 
VklKh uuthiug |:AHHit0 fn^iiLi tinu tiia,U to ^lotluir 
viitboiit [>ii&diij{ UiLvu^h Jill l\ir> iiLU-<niii^li!ito 
»riattA 'ninuj^h I^iibidtif niii*jdi^L> hiTimplf u 
tho firvt who potut»<l nit thin Uw, it i« but fair 
to rtate that it wm distinctly Iiid down Ijj 
linlfleon wbo dcx-fl not daim it n* hi*i own, Imt 
^umbya Itt dieojvery to t'lntu, Thi* pririciptvf 
liku thtt Ivit, IvdbnitK ^nd bis folLuw^ifi tnirlnl 
[ii 11 MHiJiJtblu i-iAVri. Ttiii4 J'ibn Ri^Tiinnlli 
u:ui imluoul by kt Ui Jutiy lio oJUitoniM uf IiukI 



XVlll 



Tim TRCX^nEgS OF 



Math boditfii A flntut Rhiinga mimt Uka jilruv lii 
ui inataati vh^dj, Aoa>rdLii|; tt> the pniicjptu of 
lilt hw of otmtiTiiiiljt ^ tnifidniblo. Wu ciuj 
obriat* ihv olijiviliifi of fVnii'uUl witljoiit nv 
fuailig, u iificltTtrii^ ■Ii'ph*, U* ndiiiil tli* Ixw nl 
ocputiiiuity, by odioitliu^ llial ttic Ijurd bodin 
b(^n Ut nfrt. tttt fin^i otbLT bprore tUey ooim« 
liita actual coaUcL 
H* iMt aQobaiduLl uujTavoniciit of Lcibuiu 

illtltKlllOKl (L OOUUvVMl>} iaU> m4t1li:ltUtlil», 

whick wu il iaeutvd by <ha miut nmlrwut DUttEiA- 
lUditiciAiu of Kun>iJ« fi»' laorv Uutb tlilrly ^var«j 
with glULt klWUUdB AJill uol u lilllt) vJrultfuiMT; 
though neither liJv wm nU* to prr)duc« »Tijr 
Uu4Uj£t: of «|iuuoo La thoir AAla^iiiitB, Lcib- 
ftiU ill IffiiCS juuu^HUiioi in Uio LdilBJa Jgiuiul 

JJttoartt* ttnJ atkeft m vtiiituttin^ tA4 /otm «/ 
n^Hj/ lodi*t. 111 lliii |a|rijr Im cudtunjiun ttj 
•how rhiit Ibw /iwvif i»f a uiovItw Imcly fji ncit 
invficitWDA] ttr ltd TDlooity iumjJy» but to thd 
ijpi^ 0/ £Cf 9thfity, And Jio nipporUii tli» 
Mv dwrUinu by vtr)' |»bu»iliIo rnuonitig. A 
htfdj iiivjwtal tipwitfiia o^iiiat gnvity, vtLh n 
iLvuhl* rducily, AKcdiJn fu»t tiuitv Uju bukjElit ; 
villi » tr{|kLi< viilrif'ity, ut nSikA limn thn hnlghti 
Mkd ao cu -tiiL- h«xbt Aflonuiod buij^K J»l>*^yi- 
M Uw Mqiun of Uid rslodty. Such vu tLc 
MftM&lllg, tuAoUAlly tJUipl* rLUi) latiifbi^lory. 

'Hw aulijttot waa moih IaIuiti up Itcunly* uuJ 
llitt vtvrbl irf Kduoc« ivh ilividod ji^tu iwu ikir- 
iLfL TTi«iiULth«iiutldxiuoif G«nii)Uiy,!!cd]im(], 
Mul Italy ado|iUd tbaopialo& of LulWiU; Uk^^ 
«C Oraat BriUiu Ujf^ uUt vfiiuiciu, tluJ tlif^ fL^jn 
U fDoportlonA] ktmplir t/i llin iMu-ily ; whiU 
UKi*r«f FnuiOQ wonT<Jivid«d MwfiQn litii iv.-v 
Ai|iiDiij£U. HodAiuiUi 9tJtlillK<i^CU£U]if:rt, Ju- 

tiii, ClAri*, nnil Mnimi, (IpFi^Klud tbe f>Ii1 
I'piuian; wbilo i^rtioiiLli. Iltrtaum, Poloni, 7» 
UrwrcMDde, and MriKWnbrvek MU|:/port«J tbc 
4i|iIb1oii of LmlNiiU. 

What may »|^Mar a! hrml ki^it uinijuLu' tii 
LLiedi«piit« apjlbat Ibv tvi> ptbH-in wboAitupUil 
Midi ililTfrviil inniwrm iif tarw, wh^u imy lui^- 
chflbical problvm vu pttipowd AJUOMiiiiig Ibe 
action «J bgilif*, wbctlipr nt rest or in notion, 
ranlTivl it in Um mido caaannr, nod lUTivuJ 
•xactljattlwmnwooaobinonL ltudou-fr>ux 
Ibfa iLaC Uieir Ucuia or cfautoo* cxAdiy ooLn- 
cU«d. Ia nallLy the (»« parttaa ailvAiioci] 

Citiona not ^ocuabilont vilb Mch olh«r, and 
h Ihanifbn w0Tt tnv. This «aa pointad out 
by EKAIniubiait ta bia D;uQia)t|iie, [jubiiBliDJ id 
1:43. 

W« may munuv ilm fr^va of one taoriu^ 
body by its effect upou auutbor lu^iog body, 
ilracc there ia nocLoubt llULt the forcn of n\ch 
bulks nrc w Ibc qvualLtia ol nuitcr mLUiJ|iliod 



into tbc Trlooilirt, beffioae il ibwcU kiii:r«ji 
tiie forcm nf htnlioi in w!»icli tb»ff proilppt* 
pirD wpialt it oppfdud, dofltroy osfli «thor. U 
wi; ciji]>Uiy Lbi* wiuururo ti ih f TJiloiit that tbk- 
t'liWH vnry not aH Uie aquiuwij but •iiuply aa 
tJir vl^ll>?iti«lL 

When Jk JOiMngi body i* or^toaoi by pTeaaaT^. 
or a psisUuco Like that of gmtiiy.ttjc qoantity 
of mch nsutfoiu ro>>)mrod to ojttiiigiiuii tho 
mation Trtufil aotvc la itiruianT'c tlw force of tjM 
UiOy. hul Lhom mv twu WAfu iif otiiiipiittng 
Uk^ iirart\iut t>f thoAH rHtOTibi^if fnitv*, whtoh laad 
Ui <iJiromat ir^ilbt; Inlli cf Uirtm jii^, aod 
iipjl-tiur uf tLtiii Uj bv anuuitnl to lh« (rtiziliudofi 
of t.h»* t-ther. Siin|Xi« n body to be ptxjjoctiyj 
perpcndipulurly upwai4i* iq a direction oppovtc 
tt3 tlkat of (^mvity. wc eua/ cithiir ibquiro inti* 
tho rctimiiLtion whieh gmvlly prodiaooa during 
II ffiirtn f(vi0, 01- w^ik tlw Ixnly ia caovinit ov«r 
A jftn;L j/J(JiXh Wv uia/ uji|uuif Aow ^r^ Ihr 
mntlon vifl cvniliTiun, ctr Amu fiir U wOl oirry 
tb4> iici<|y liTuo it lio vuliroly pxlunisted. If *v 
I'lDpiuy iba flmt cf Lhcac for the niOMure of ibi' 
fi?rtv of n iHHiy. that fnrvc muit ho pTOfortioiiaJ 
to the rvloeity; for to ibiii the tiuic w manifcatly 
^JJ'UjfiJi LtuUlJ. If ivi: C»)j»lo/ tljC MJC(^lld»UlUUl?Iyr 
thrr lmf:ih of iIhh Ijhii whii-b rJn* niiivlnj; b«ly 
iioaoriljow a* Uio in«Jw«iirc* *if the fupce, tfapu it 
luiint Ui M tbu ?"|unn< <<I Uli.' vtlodty, bctiuiae 
tJi titiit (^iiAnf iU' i,lii< lifrigfli of the lino U kiiovii 
to bo pr\>parii0niil. 

Iliua vre ubtaiu twir tnJiHvi of Uw forcis ibo 
on* projiorliiinal to llw vulwiky^ tha ott*r U* 
tbo £i^uiOT of Iho vfiLuoiiy. Wh^ doM not per- 
o^Liyn UiaI lbi< ttoxiti rjf ii»^ .ip|iaivut JiiLOOih 
1<m4'y Ih I-]i<> illfTitriint nuMJihi^ afiiilied to Iba 
t^nu /r>r4v iu thv two Ofwml 

So f ju- fu j^cfdJ piindijlca are ouiii^icrnod. 
iTiwhAiiif^ won nr^u-ly bivtiigbt la a HUta i4 
jHirfccUon by Nowtuo and tbft nmtbiiuiUicmiiH 
of hit time Pcilj^fu tbn iitinapto uf tJn?«o*- 
iMfraCfan o^ ^Vi'l5P /orfc4, intt'fidiiiyil by Jolui 
Uun^criilU, K'^iiUK Lo Lh u^uiktivunL 

Ti> iHidDrntAiid wb«t u ini-aut by tlui pri»* 
lijtlv, it ruJiy V rpr|]ijf4j|« to obin?rTe thai tb 
luvra pivttupv Lvibitilt |pLr« tbo nofao ol vu 
raorlvcr, or *i$tid fifrtv. uiil to tho foroa of dwt- 
jii^ budia tliv! ttiuat of rij rtatf or litiuff JfeRw, 
iCy tlic eofiitrfotioH 0/ litiru^ ^^ftw, BatMUlli 
nioaat Uial ponn&DfiiiA] th ivu^fb jJ I tb« imdual 
diau4^ of any ayiii«ni uf ahtjni'it«-i] WJaa* la 
tba aAgr«gata of tlkn pii-lvctj qI tbair muna 
into the Hinaro of their vdooit^cK It abrldgoa 
liiDKiliitiuiiuf vsrjoiu |trvbkiii»,aDd anaaiU'pTnl 
by I)anicl BomouUi aa tho bann «l hia tli«<ivy 
of hydrvdvuunio*, pabUahed iu 173SL 

Tlic U*L of conipoiiJRg a tnatbiB jjd flyuamioti 
ftill uid oHgioal 10 nvary ptirt. vaa takannp by 
Kiilar- IIo bo>1cw<«l ujhJti il all the paJDa and 



■ 
I 




PHTSrCAl, SCIENCE, 



XU 



iUI Ui« f«Miiiv«a Af hU pondrmtbg gonruk It 
AnKarad ID 1T3G, in tvo ^urto Tolamcn. en- 
tftlad Hndunia^ or Ul» Sdtnoi of Motion, nncj 
tfonuiuod Ukamo<t«liibont««xJcciu^oto body 
uf ftnalyticiiJ invfftiigBtifm Uul luul Lutlwrto 
4p|Mftrvd. 
D'AJtmbfTt piibli>b«d lib Djn&mia in 1743, 

Vf«7 HOiple jfBCeni] jirindple. In every -fjulrm 
^■f bddm Aftiug mutUdUv, iLoir loVflTnl motv- 
lucnUatuiy uuitAiitQf timeuiay l>Dd«o<iiin|xvcd 
inii> tvi» TK^rLioiin, unit ti wliEdi 1m rviAlned In 
Lhaofit iijHtirkl, atnd Uio oIIj«t fp«nt; nnil linen 
ftD cquilibnum muit obtain vivfgijf tLe Imt 
tUotioEu, ui eiprewiou Lt tliua (lUUiuiE^l fuir Uiv 
EDotiiNu vhioh nrv pmcrvod Thv rawt inCn- 
cftU qnoAtJoitf in dyuainic* vcn tbitd rrducfd 
(A pinra fltttdcal probLviiui, uiik HuUvd cort^tAi^tlj 
in tb» ttin* tuj^ KTii-l iiiiifunii way. MitdnuHn'ii 
motliod of cwpouiwliiijj fi>n»* by ct]-ordLiULt<« 

ptiuoiplct X'bkli D'Alvmbort iti LNi iui'l IT.)} 
oxteLdtd also to hydtvd pumioL 

fiapierW tL»ry of tbo motiinL uf scpi dfsciw 
ftboic bon«QU««<d. Itvui'DbllihuLiii 17Aa, 

He ^ows Ibnt CTvry body hurkng a dctcmiiriAUi 
(i|[uiir, wiiidi nfl^r cjiuIjiiiuL ^iU]nibik>iiii in 
itbuvlonul iu frM b|ww, will. IkaMim lu pni- 
gnMaro invliuii, |)orff)rm riimiilUuwoualy ftnd 
wilhoQt tLi& suiaJlcBt iatctfenmi-f^, a cowrtiuiit 
Vid UDtlomi nndiilian jitx>vil viv^t t4 (hrvi- priti- 
cip*l AX«K, mntiinlW p^rpmdiciilmr, nod pomiu;;: 
UinMcfa He miUr uf gmvity, TUcm jli«ei uf 
rotelMii poBCBi >goM oorloitf ptopertidi, wbich 
wcflc Alt^nnb iovcati^tod hy Eulcr. 

In 17^ lA^nttLgi'tliy (HijiiliitJiij); Uih piiJir-Lilf* 
«tf JJAJuubtitl with tbnt of ^[rtiiMl vi^ucjtifv, 
fioartrtol tb« vLoto iolo cu; hb<>>Uitdy fOkjUy* 
tkvt k1«ii?l ITg rcf«nuJ tUn effort* of cvf.ry 
pftrttde of 0. jnoving lyitom to liirpo oiutunl 
pttpaidimlAn,niLd Uiciice drhvivl ttm^ ncvriinl 
diffprvnliAl OjiFatioiiA^ wTikti, beJti^ iritj?|^Ll^, 
v»nlil ^iv9 lb« fiul tolutum of tbi' proliK^m. 
Cut bo £icDc«al fomiUA for intei^ttiis such 
^qiulionii bu bcOD hiliitrto divwtcml^ 

dodi b « alMidi of tba gnbdiuU progran of 
Uio ooAlliajiitlJcal »;TdLj^tion of ucdiftuicrL 
Tn mumprKtA tha ajijilifntioa Of tbea» jimriAnil 
pnaoipl«« to tb* Kddlioi; af |i:tKic-iiljir inv^l^oiiu 
^^ poiatcul ch« jEiikilvuJ mpruti^tnruUi vrhwU 
b&vD bnn Julitidiii^ into Ibe o)iiKtmcti<>ii nf 
neduiiiiad flngibd, luid tLo imnidwo odvan- 
lAfBi vbicb luvo Rfliilted from th^c inipiovc- 
anftla, oipAor.-Uly in iM:i ukunti?, vh<^TR tJi^y 
ifam boaa carrMl to iho gnuitait oxtunt^ would 

intra ■ Iraliifl uf no onliiury luniftbt Hiid 
b« quiV inconifAtlMr vjMi tjm ImiiU 
vMrli wi> uv uiidi.<r thv necoHiiiy of cofi' 
vnrBclvcB. 



ASTfiONOUV. 

Ill* utowtta £ioovcrtd tlio j:AAiitb^aDd gftre 
Ui«a OMUCiV 4Qd notioed tlidr motioiui M a 
very mrly perkuL Tlic inntiom cif ibc anu nnd 
mooD could not fjiil fc» ftltrucl llmir MUntlon. 
Uld tbo cbiui)^ in ibo JirvfJii* whidl dcpmili!*! 
ojMMl tli»H» niut^rtiiM. 'nii< |i1ii<nHUifiiiA of thf> 
MllpMi of tbvitfi liiTninjinw, Viwwl viCb lUCb 
AppreboTuniDin by thominm<iii proplc. nco»iarily 
Attiictnl tbo ■itlcfiitLou uf tLt lint o1jmrvt.'ni of 
ibo b«»r«iily bodm: thpy v>ou ob«cn-oJ ^ oci^ 
lAiQ ngulttn^ in thac pLciiomraai &nd l>«<nni« 
m oijuiicqDum cmpftUa of jircdlcllnif them. All 
ih»a »pjAumtiCaa omitd not bA fMnibnr lit thfim 
witbuut ■tmn^ 4|miTliblioii« abunt tJio motions of 
ibv bmvi-iil* bij^ie*. 

'Hii* Ktani appriirf 1 ak ao mrtxty bunitmn* 
points fixed in the toiFculy cfiborci baring; the 
tnxXh fur ft cmttji^ uid rvvoJvlMg on wi axis 
ha-Trng tbttl oirth for * cfntn? m the ■!««» of 
twenty four hoim All ihc aUt« -von ivumi 
nut lo ixuldLo of tLijit diunuJ xovUmi tu tbp 
urnrt d<';frv#: Tun^ wifn< <nuTi^l ftlcvly to Ihp 
Qf^At, tind thuir palh^f «Jt«r » Mrtain intorviJ of 
time, rvtunicd u]xju ibenim^Ina, Tbe utrooo* 
men of the AleSAndrinn ^izlinol let tbom«e1vB» 
to tuccrijiin iin: ip^iu^nd lit»ii of tbwe uobiutuk 
TliiH i^iuld mil Hi^LL bu <liijiv viiht^tK * liy|x>- 
llaMiAj anri fhi* 4mi|tli«(. vr:ui thnt thh |ilntiHH 
nioTG cfwtwrirdd in oircIoSf and ftt & unifonu 

Tt vi\M Wion f mnd, bowirver, thnt iJie motion 
Mrttt-fljd Wflji not uniform. The plnnct htgnu 
to Jtiuvo hluwnr iiiid hIuwci^. ouit a(i liut Ivi^uiui^ 
■litloniiry. U itian an^nlfivJ n motion in » 
iwntitiry dimctii^n, And ofl^r |>njo#<tlini; Trr b 
CT-ri-tin IJUio wiMtit^iin it bpUAniv stiU^itiiUT, 
Aud Uipn niovi«1 rviMtvqrilii ak nt l^niV- Tlietfr 
motion* were not ouiJy rui^uneiled with a um 
fonn drculnr tncnioii. Tlie cijiUnftli^n, bow- 
erer, w fittflmpM by Apollonttu Pergii!UK 
Ho coDCoivod tliftt ID tbo oErcunfwNtw* of a 
ciri:]e bftTins tba CArtli for Iti ooDtra, tberr 
movfit ibo cuntm of jmothor cXrtUt, In tlut dr- 
cuinf-'riiii^t' of vhicb U» fjlbnot Actoally r«- 
VQltcd. 'rill? Hint of tbc>« cirdivit^w callad tbe 
i/^mvnj.nfid thr>»i<^>ud tb««7ngrn£f; llm motion 
111 the ciJ^Tumfurence of vncli vu cuppond nm^ 
fonu. lifliiv.it TTfui eonocivcd that tbo motion 
of thoornitroof the epieyele f n llip diWimfrrWioe 
of tbodeforcQtf cmd of the pUnol in tha oplcycl*, 
woro in {>(ipwt« diioctioiw; tltp fint briintf l*)- 
wan)4 tli« ca*t» nn^I the «^rnTrd ijiwunlA tlm 
wa«t. In IhlH vny tbo »lterH(v>nik From pn>> 
grcMLVO to rcttggftdo vith tbo lutonnodivt* 



XX 



THE ritilGICIUUt or 



ApcflLtfuiuK akrTi«il bii* ii)vwiif^Lti<m tui for (tf to 
JtTtvmiLiiv Uiu mtkf Ivtwucii ilm nulinivf LUc 
(lof«rvot iLnd tliMt nf tttf i?pi«jrc|^ frjui knovitift 
tlie lUtJ oQA uij ivUvginduUoiu of ojijf parL[cul w 

lElTipEiivbiUi, tho gnAtMt siJlronorafr among 
Uic lUK^icuLi, Juoc^VT*^ Uic iiut|ijhli1y of the 
wu^ ^iim^jiit tiiuliun muud Uii-* v«.ilL, Tu 
•l|TriMi thiii iiTip^ilnrily Il4^ iinn^iii^U mi ts^n- 
(7«lu of n fuutl] iTiJiiu. vitL jI« ixutrv moving 
umfcmlj in the circLimfcnuicv cf « Lkrgb djcl« 
hkripg ijjo <*itli for iu centre, whik Uio inn 
roTclvnl UQiftviulj \n the circuuifcrrriM «f the 
tti*U cirdvi hut i;i a ixinti4i> iUn>cUvu- 

An Qtlk^r lrt*|^il]LnttfM iu lli^ twAimit tit thu 

vcip iutr»}<lijLYil; mu} Flulriay.iu IjU Aluu^^eol, 
FriTitnci-ntnl all vhicli Ihon Jijipo.ircd Dcocauiy, 
anil AWj^tfd t4> Ihc'iri Jiiicli Jiij)4^i>iio]iA jui oanbl»l 
lluu tu lujuvi* dii^ |ilii<mii]Jriiri witli riaiurhcj. 
By thffl mntrivAiLDt tJi* i^irWin nf Ihi; 1ii>-m^jiim 
bteuM oitroinifly mmfilioAt«>l, lint ii hml Iho 
ailmuU;!^ <.if Bubjtcllii)f uJI ihc niotiuiu uf [.hir 
iaa.Minnn, ta>i\ plaacU v^nr nulJT to a ^omc- 
tHoaJ o^»iutFuolioD orfto tinlhrnvtiAtil cfJ^niuti'iti 
of fto |;mkt diJUciillf. IIithi^ (lit' |fiiOtctLi>jut 
of vtrDDomf'SJ jrhMjairiaiiH, Uw iTilciilatlori at 
iMc^ *iiil th« «Om|>ani*>ii c>f (!>i.-m.i Ublv* with 
uliwnBtioiUv beuuiju nv;'; rmtl ujuu ihu llip 
t irn g w of tho *ma^ dcpoodi. Wo lutva no 
mdttico tboi the aadeat ftitKiD<im«P oror ooa- 
ddcrcJ Ju opEirjrdao tfid d«for«Bt« which th^ 
mttiilayod in tfiviir i^>it«n< u h««in^ a ph/aftAl 
(■Kintonirt, «i oo Mrriug t« rcpmont tiicn mcf- 
tioiiB; tJiQj mcicljr cinpli>yHl ^m lo onnblo 
than to <alpuk4« ths uppiLnQt motioiu of tbt 

Wbsu Kumpo bD|[mn to Awiiko frum tlui hith- 
trgf id th* lUrk M|i«a, ud^naniiixky wm tlif HrvL 
of tha Ksuuiv whirh drow tlio blloiitton of tn«ii 
of adcucb PuiLncb uid l^vfnuuiunlnuiiB ouu- 
tributcH mnat Uivardii it« ftdvnnccnioiit during 
the fifU«nlh «Mkiur7> PurUch rviilod At 
VUuiiu, uuiIpt iLr |utn>iiA|p> of \Xui Empranr 
Ftadoriok III,, jUki doTOt«t hlmulf to %Mt^ 
BwdMl ohtcrWb&o. Ho pnbliihctl ao c«ljtic<]i 
of iJuf AlnnqftMl; muJ Ihoiuxh he iiriliii-r uuder- 
■locd GfVf4c nrr Ambt4\ y?t htit kiiowlodgr of 
Ibo ■vbjcft ctukblcd him %Q moke it aadi man 
pillect Uuui uif itrmivi tiiuifiLilloTL R«b{i> 
■UUBlWll VM a p»[iEt rif Piittnd), aiul Vrtcuna 
mn^ BMCo odetminl tiwLii hw niuUr. 

OvpvnkuBi whn had ttw iiimt of ftnt ilirui' 
(itjf rbwtnio ijnifiiiTi 'if lhpDtiivp™*,v*> bom at 
IVcn ill Ihr >civ MTS, 4liulic«l At Crvww, nnd 
^ItunnCe^ weal iDt«j Uin church. A JociiJcil 
iMlBloruifuoonj Inl htm^ vhML T017 joaiiji^, 
bo ihc ilu-ly of ihftt AcUactt. It oocuirtil U> 



hfm. At a vpry rsrly p?ricii1, lr> mn>idi?r vliAt 
effect ttic motioai of tic hcttvcaly buiia tf puM 
h&v« U|]uu A fl|H:claUirf tiuijifcii^iig llthL ukoticD 
t<k til* nhjMt« Dl^«>nriHl, lujt sit!rO>inf[ tc It Vl 
oppovito direction. It btJwmD IrtLUWcJiAtdy ub- 
vkna ihat tha rrftutiou uf Jic r«ih ttu ita axi* 
from VDit Co «ASt would prodiir^i^ ihv Jipjutrrml 
niotJCA of tho hciTeiu from vimt lo vr«t 

111 (iJtihiilcnn/ (Jji^ ubjuittoiii ulkJiiU luight bo 
nuuhi Co ihA iiyxUiii cif tliti AftHira motian, he 
rmsoQB BonmUy, ihou^ bu viw iioi hwo of 
ihc full force af bin o»u ju^^uuipnt. IMol^mj^ 
hut dllogod thut if the cnrth woro to nvnira ott 
it» Axia, tbo violonjM of tbo motion vould bo 
MiHIiiivut tu tfuf it Eu [iti'UCOJULd dwlpnto tho 
pa^rtiL 'WhyifciyHC'iiwrnMia/WiM he noimoiw 
nJjLruitrl for thv iUif>.''ty uf t^ici hufLVririH, if llio 
diuniul uiutlon l» Lucrilwd tO thvnii U Chtlr 
lUDtJnn tnyvtt bo rootv riipiil in propOftiOli M 
tli«ir ma^ituUc 11- giout<T?' 

Vin iirud uiit iLi0i]tii>Li Uwit (\j]Jcmii7Ud |iUcc<i 
Ijio liixn In thtf c'(>HttTi, iind tnnjjhl that lUl tho 
plniJi'Fji iimvoil r->t)iid tla^Lt luiuiiui'/ ill orliiU 
nwrly circular, Tin.* iiirxui rc^vlv^■-I n>nnd the 
csitli, and thr> n|ipMTiir dlvn):d irTnlirtj'nn of 
the heiLVeiii fixing cajI ta woit wn* oviAg to tho 
iivJ dlunud iwuliitiuj] uf the varth from wort 
lo twiL 'I'hfi liittt Aclifitm of Uin AfltratuvaiA 
] lu-tuiratA, 111 which thfM> duftnnm nppmroi, 
wju d'!ilu^lc<! to the J^ufH-, jmil "/i^a publbdiul 
in 104:j, n few dnyi boforo tbo duLtlx (A the 
Author. 

AfUir OipornScii*, Tyuhti Bm]i« wm th<< iiiotl 
tfliitUTigiitibvdi i«troui!iD3tr of llt« «ixt«Mith Wh- 
i'oTf. An cclifao of the Biiii whioh Lo iffitBCanJ 
in lDf*J, whi:n he wiu n >fmng wian, in cook- 
quaneo of tho oiActncu vtxh wbiL<ti \i uintorod 
tho proJjctinn, innpirML hini wiLti a vtntntion 
fiJT thr iiciFiicv, luul jui viiii<>tis ilf^tirr lo twcmno 
«Dqt]auit«d v^iUi lL L'uforliiU4t«<ly for hu pr»' 
gicB, he bobnfrod t^ noble family in Dcjuuuk 
—ft dwM of men mtltteil by t\if-\T nuik tct dlk 
dum the immaitof knawlodfttf, uid vxinmaly 
Judou* of tb« luiviJtijfit of jfuonuiir. Iliit hi« 
viiUiuiiMEa onahlMl him to Im^Lk t.broii^b Udo 
tnumnobi of hiji order. tt« ctbu uo^viircd 1t« 
fntivru^ce of the King of Denuuuk, uul ma 
nhlii Jn Amiio(|iid!nDe tn omrt ftn ckTiwmaor^ In 
tlw udjuid of d uraui, euppliod with tax boltor 
jft*tnjnii7iile tJuH linJ trrct yut been %^f^vA lo 
wlmnomi'Al cbuprvnl-ioiit. TydMx I7 m<!HM 
cd them, coutd muMiuro Bn^liB to lOb f ^^ndt^ 
whidi woa Bi^ty limr* tbc iLCciirvry <if I*uihmyi 
AT ef juiy tniDiimonut thftl hmJ lidon^l ui fh« 
liH^liihil oF Alt'XAncInx 

II ifi ISnt c^bjoi;! wv a C«tAh^(;:uo of Itie >tai«, 
vbirh li« viLH EUUChAio to rirUto moTO 4n<imtr 
tb^Jit ihAL iif HippftnbtM MhI Ptahmy. The 
gnat difliculty in tiecutiuj{ lliii ijuik pimoeoJetJ 




front tLc wuitof am mny nothml uf ilvleiiiitmiitf 
tho dMitBUOP of fili»> h*nvi4ily Ivtdj' vm^ nr wit 
Qf uioUur. Thu iluitAuoo north <'i Kjtith mid 
tumly (ktmniavd by the conunwi method of 
Bicridiui «JtituJn. For tlw «|Untor i* & pliLno 
which, fctr «i^ given pJA«o on tlu «vlh^ miHacUf 
ftlw»j« nUJim th« VUDG poiJliua. Tut no |>]niiLf 
IMiUife tbnnigti Lho|>ci1n mlAlri^AfltA) pHiiinn 
wSth iiMpwt to an olp^orvtfr, i'tsw nfiliinij mib- 
«Citat« U tUe njcfljiura uf I.LI□l^ But ILlb wils 
mkntiog Uith Uj ttii»OnM*kn«rniiriomeraiuHl ta 

^^Bfluc* tu tiwMT of tiio nuK>D— thus ilepeodin^ 
^^■onih^ uirwt iiTr>j^itnt of tb*b«ftfOiilxbodiaifur 
^^B doUmiiiimi^ tbc pwtioo o( tha mofifc Aaed. 
^^H TjvLir made lue (J Qk |ilfum(. YBnim lEish'jut <if 
^^H Ui(f moon; ami hUmi'thaijilifiH^h iDurtti^]K>iiH« 
^^H'Wm mofv bocuraU Uuui tluit nf ihvi.lrM'ka^inr 
I^^FDOlDeriL niii (aLkiui^Q unit&iuvd tlit fJoCi! of 

Th* irrqjuLxritim of tlic [a««n*a motioii were 
tJio unit «iibj«i:tvf iQEiuiiy. The ]uici«nt« \ntd 
tlimvjwrtd Ihr inoqnaJity of this | Jantf t, depend- 
tn^ cm th* ewaittncity at tbv oouti^ pctl cow 
CiUed l^o et^tetlivtt vj Mv cvn^r*; Fiuleuiy lud 
bddci] (ha ItnowlKlgA nr ntLctluT ifiHinality in 
Uw mvon^ motLOD, to vtudi tha name «f owtitn 
W Wd i:iinjn, Ciuaiug tw un.m— u gf tliu ftii- 
lk<r pfiuntioii nt tlie qiinrffn, nnd a dlmJnu- 
tun cf it at the tiTiiui l,,^ tirw- und full aoon, 
lycbo diiKw^'vnd miuUhst iu«Lu;kh~l>, wlikli in 
,lffit lit t}i<* ooUntu, nml il^itfinU it^Kin Ihn 
iUSumao bctvwCL tin; loD>rLtiiJG of iho niOL>n 
■■tid eJ thdMin. A fourtia ii^tquditj.dcjKiidiug 
trhoZly 4fn tht 'tum'* fXn&y, wns known to Tyeho, 
ikmt iaeluijoi aiaoag tbo mm'j cquAtJonit Bc- 
AmIcs, tlitfe ohicrvftlJrjiEii iujL«hr hiuj Auiuaifjlvtl 
^idtfa dM diionpfM in Ihi' fii^liniiFirm i^f lhii pKur> 

the moonV orliiti ftcul \nx\]y. 'n-iih tbt irrc- 
f[uLi.r tn"tjnii fpf til? iiudi^, wliu*b, iiMlouJ ft 
briT^^ Alwnyi nttrr»grikr|« ;it the Kttae rata, ftiQ 
Kibject to obuigo that nXc, and cvoa to bcoouo 
re, nc^nlinjf tu lUvtt nilimliui^ Iii n>- 
9\t*cl ot tbo mill, 'iliiii <'o»-riEtiii» all thi» irr«- 

l&fitiw iti i^if ttvtfiit" twAi^-ii IciKrwn boforo 

4dl *X<v|il tlix lw(» lirxr. w(?i>* dt^wvtnd by 

TLe otnoBplkflTlcaJ refraction, by which die 
hnawilf tiiiili ib an* m/hli^ to npiicnr tnore olo- 
ntal ftboTD tJkfl horJKoii thAii th<^y Li±iUly nra^ 
1T«H ■u>f<toIt imiccdf Ifcfore tbi; tlmr uf Tvi'1ii>; 
tnt ni»l ivrTjtInly tnowii Ui ^iciat. rfo rtrar, lie- 
OUDD n^iuintAl with il by liiiiliu;^ Uiikt the 
lUihkdc of hui obwrvak^ry, u lietoiiiiiui^l Ijy 
ah f T fl tioua tit tbi^ viUlirvw, nml fmit^ obv^nn- 
tktti of Um gnatmi iLml Lviut ultttuiin of (be 
dnQupobur atus, nlway* ditreivd ubvut fom 



jiiinutoi. H« nuppwed the ofloti of n<.fra(;tioii 
Ut Im 5>l'ftt th« tioiixoDt anil lo dimininTi fiMm 
then« upwatdA to 4A', wlien it c«il<k<pc oltogir 
ther TbtB UBtopicioiQ in crrouemud , but At 4^ 
It IK Ic-iB thnn 1% n ^UAhUty pinbnbly noi ilit- 
«Tiiible by bu iiutramoDla iu lim nllJtadcA 
lur^wuroil. ITccLiELtm^ au iiutLruiJit'cit nn \^^a^^ 
poui to niftkfl ill* rpfmi^tion ilUitiM'fJy vf4ihh< 

II vfiui iui (H-juntcriol tiirdu of 10 ftvt rtiii^uut^rt 
tumiu;- L>[i Hn i\U punJlfil to ttut (/ tho cuIIl 
Wiih tiietj^btH of thiri ^]iiittoHal ht* fullnvcd 
the iim on tbn day cf tbo Buminor koktun, 
V)d found tiiot. ui it <l»ccndi>il IowaHb tbo 
horbnn, it m aluvo (be pbiiu* u( tha Imctm- 
ment. At itfl Batciog Um nun wm midod «boT» 
the boriion by more tLaa iU own dEoaivttir. 

Tliu eouieL uf lfl70 wmi iibNur^"! by l^fhii, 
mil ^ivff firii- 1<) 4 iifW tiiMrry of 1Iji«ip bi>Hin. 
lis [Uhiidlni: wnri iJO't vhowtti;; that li wu thrt« 
liiut«fjLitJkeroirtluuith? moon. He coUAJilcmd 
tMHirU, in '^nn«M|UCDCCt u boiTiH pJconl f&r be- 
yond tbo ivLDi^t of our otmoophcn^ raxl movinjc 
rouud the vuit. Hu obnrv&tlonn on llii' iiitvr 
itAF of 1&7S d«BrTft ftlaa 1o bi* nottcfld- Jt up 
}HjiLnjd ill Ouvic^^'iA ou tlic 7ih of NovvinbfT, 
all «t OUC1T, EUiil «uip«mmL a\1 tbij ntnm m vi»J«ii- 
lifTiir, tmlnjf mun^ly infifriiir l/i Vpniijt hfiwlf. 
ta tbd mmitb of Jojiubryt 1^73, it ^oa lather 
iaait tluui Jupjt'?!', FjQiu thu tiiue it wui o^ut* 
ixijuliuttly diiuintjfhitLg in H]>1cndi:>i]r. /uit] clKifi- 
|ic<md (UtopHhcr in thv inaiith <i Mbii^h, IS74. 
I'luiy iiifutuji ufr thiLl tl wait tbo ii|ip<''JLr^jLiici[ nf 
ji TiAW Atftr vhif^h Ind Hljipuchin to think (if 

III ah 11 j^ :t c:i1jJuJi^u4^ c,»f Ujo Jilnn^ 

TydKi, iioti^itb^i.-itidiui: bui luviit u nu obner- 
var,OL>iiLI [iot jtrr^vml iz|khi hitmttlf t/>Ailo|it Che 
CopomioNi ByHtom of the motjoQ of tic c*rth 
rouud the mm. He moJc: Ibc >iju luuw jvuud 
tho mrthf while fl w,ui at flio auno tloin tho 
wmtw oi the pljuxoUuy taotiou. 

Rrfilu fi^Wcd Tyi:bo. IJr vtnA 1.iEjm inlSTO, 
iml Ht HJi wU'ly :i{^T 4|I|jUi?1 bim^iiilf Iji f hv xtiiity 
^f tlw h«iLf*iia. KiH tint il iwiLiMk^i* irliktod to 
■fltroficaaicnl refraction, and to thu culcolatiou 
of rclipvoL 

Uo ;ibaervcd that the orbiU of tbc ]>laDotAan> 
in pLuicn i>]ijinij^ ihi-ouj^h the nuu, aud thiit i>f 
t>knHM]iiiJri4V th<! liDWiif ihciT' nuI^AJiII inMnu^. 
in thu -TtTitrufif tbiil IiliiiUi^'V, Tht oj>(XHition 
of the pEujictflt tr their iibc'v' wbci^ ibcy pimthe 
jDcriiJiAn nt iiiidii[^hr,ofr(Hr ibt' miohI f'lVuKmblo 
opportuoitia for obtervui^ thvtDt both bijcawe 
tbcj iiro At thiiL time nuLn^t tbo outb, iind he- 
cauj* thoiT pine™ nwn fi'om tlu^ncn tav thp wni(> 
jid if Umy "wvpv »uvti f n^ui tliv huh, Uut tho trui^ 
tjiao <ff opinwJli<ni hiwl hilliprl<h iHOfMnvrtnkoJj 
by ^rniTjiirifi^, ubr» lL*<b] it to bi- at thr> uni' 
mont trbeu tbe Hpt>iiii':j! [<l i'-" nf Elik- pimiwt wiu 
uppodito to tbo uiLVkJi [iL .11.1' -A tL<.-dan. H ought 



X3UI 



THK PnocnESS OF 



to linvo 1yt«ii whOD tii« itppurtit pUftM of 1iK<tii 
mfiv opyuwd tj tsujh otlicr. TLu oonvcLiuti 
nu miiiTe by Kepler, uid though vlfilcntly^ of- 
pml by TVgho, vw floJJy aoqaiaic«J in, 
Huvia^ uuJrruiitrtJ lo uxuitfiM thv ocIjU vl 

■■dentbf<<, Kifplor dLtwrvrtiJ by c<puipiirinif Uh 
fvdiur »H.'viiu <j|j|xrHiUoiu( uf Uutt pLmol, that iix 
orijkt U ^Ji|ituMl ; iTiftt tbc <im in ptnocd in om> 
of lb* foci i and ihat tbcr« U ui] p>iiit round 
^ioh th<^ uij^jUr iUL>Lton U utiifomi. In (lie 
|iui»n]iL of tlta inqiiTfy hi* foiiiul llml tho Mmi> 
iLiu^ ifl Udv tif tlie urtb'f orbit rmind tlm nun. 
It mjm ivAkcuHliW U> LViidiide by fLJuJoi^y LLat 
thif orbiM *if all 1b» nlb^r |il.\in?U ;irp*lijj>tjcjil, 
luivui£ tUi< HKia m tboLr t»mmon fcnus 

TUo industry luul laticiLce of Kcplor lii tluac 
iuratigntioiu luv nlnioit incrwlibla. l^agAT- 
ithsu did iLot yc-t ostiitl, vu that ■rilbmeti'Ml 
calcal&tlriiu hdiv viUvujdy Ihbiti'tijiM, I'hv 
OVnpiirAtfon nf uvi^ry n|ipMltifiT) iif Mnm fillivt 
Un foUo pngiit; and Ki^pTcr njimtcd <Ntdk oU- 
aikUos ten tuum, ScvtiL rj[rtiu*itiorm Ihort oil' 
«i}nrmi fiU«l TUO folio prLgM- in micJi hiIqiIa- 
Ibut tbc ii4txvduclloa of byiHjtliithw wm uii- 
«ivukl«U«. Kvplvr nrjwtod ibtui uliifiifivvr 
ihfiy AppAiTMl «rmn«oaA trifJifiiit bmtiiiiouj ro- 
grcttin^ jni'irgly lb? tiTuc irhicli t^oy bod um- 
bnvlyi^iivb bim^ HoI'itb'ul witlibyiioihtua.oud 
«Dd«d fcj rojoctiiiff cvopythiEp hypolhotl<aL 

TliooKh tbti uij^iilnx ntiition tif lb<: jilavxit^ viv 
wot fuuiid li? Ik* uuifr^rui, it wm <1 Ii^t^uvrW Lli4l 
a TVTy Bimpl* Uw omaiHt«d that motion wilh 
tbc r«ctUiooihr dbtuioo Jkpdi the fmi, tbc foiTQcr 
briof crerywbcn iuToiaoly w the kjuatr of llii: 
ktur. H«n«Or it una wwy to provo Hut ibc 
ARA dcMcribcd by tb(! hiin dm vri fr>m th« pUn«C 
1« tb« «uii iuGnMM.1.1 M 1 ntiikinu mV:; lUid. 
fb»»n*fiiPi', tlmt my Ibhj kupIi nnvw w^i* pmiMir- 
t]H^4jif>l 1^1 Ibf tiinn in vrhidi tbcy wcr^dncribcd. 

"niUvb ib'^HHUDd 4if Kcii]?r'i timo fiuoow 
Ian; tlio Third tu not Um nnurkablo. Ha 
^tui of <i|)i]iioii UiAt AMQD iiimpli: rdatiou mtul 
eiiMt btlUMU tJi« iJtfrk^LIcnl tiiutiak>r liair pLujirlA 
■Jid Ibtir dictum* fiMtiL tJiv min. Afr^rAh in- 
Anile ivmabci' ^ trinle bc^ divo^rrtd, t^ hia 
j[nifit daUfbt, tlmL bjuiylnni pLuieta Ukcf/uafri 
«f llui /itnut fif Ibfi nvolutlon nn iU th« e^Wi of 
tli«lr mta^ <t<M<in^''* fttin IIjt *iia. 

Il h hamiluuinif Ui In- olili^wl tn Rtntt< ibM 
th— ytduMarwi— wgrr At !imt iiiiHi«mtv<l 
I7 wtrofioOMi*, Mhfl ibftl they v^cn nprwuhcij 
IC«|4ir(brina)El>»£ibiFm: I#miljic« in o^nitEiLJu^ 
lb* iibbe* of ft i^^MDvi, thay mirv^-loHid d firobloDi 
UK* iHlKcttIt to W tvcJvdi by «faucu(Aiy jjcoo' 
in«lfy- 

Vriii]^ K<pUr WW thiu iwfMtiDg tlw th«oiy 
«f tbo pUnpUiy motiana, 0«JUeo bid om- 
rtnutf-l ■Lfb«ni|ir,Bnddit«ctad Utothatnaaa^ 



The Appomnc? of tbal Inininrkty, under tb» 
tdnCDpfy u JLOV HO wr|] hnomi tlinl wi^ »tw*L 
not ducnbo iL Tbo oltoct produwl u;v>ii IbA 
nuiid i>f Cfl^dilfLk mity Iki cftfily ttin?c^^v«d- 
Hn iKfiwtitf ntlMi^Kl i>f ll;« nihuiiblauix br- 
twfira Ui» irurfAoe of tho TDO«n ottd tbu <if Uib 
iMTtb. ILc tcloMopo brfrtiijht Ii.lo viiiw mulli- 
ttubu (if tlibl Eiiniv wbic^h cuuiul be 9*v]i b? ttir 
nnlud vre- In Jopil^r b^obtcn'cvl a Ur^flbf, 
n|j|jr^ichii^^ UI txKC tii lb« luoou^ Kcu" it ha 
a:lw, fur tbr* flnt Lirm\ tlin.ii^ lunuuniu |AiaU 13 
;i Htmijilit br)h<; lw\> <d lliem on oda iitda, ujt 
yiir *pii tln> olhcr* Br cbBprrinij Lhcn, bowevCT, 
ui^Eit Jifttr ui^'lil. bu foiaid Itinw sjiijill «tAi« tv 
lie four in number, md fo bi? uionni 't wiMliWi* 
nceompaoyuig Jupiter, and tr^olving round bis* 
UiL the iiiTiuEL dues t^juriiE thu r-Jitlb, 

In ISMttim bo nw uue hir|(4i diH, wtth two 
BOwJIrt uam rvry m*Ar it, imd Jijuntlricftllj c^*^ 
pcBLlu.ujii aJwa}-B Kcn iu thi? iiaiiii.- phovi. Bhtt 
niort powerful tp|pwop*ii wpro wnivtiiig lj>*fon* 
tJii^H ctppauanccd could \tc iutcqirctcrX 

'\'\\v liunitd ll|rnivof Vcuu*, mid Uicijibbodly 
■^MEir«,miaw] tiillioevideno*ofthnOop«nil/%i 
•fywknij nnJ Torilif*! tJic oonjwtnw of Iti Anthor, 
wlw vi'ijiutvd U» say tliat if ]X\t nadit wrru auf- 
ftdently po*LTful, WT! ibm^ld ■*<? M'^ir niy and 
VcQUi cabibiliHg phiu» aimiliiv to thoBO of tho 

ThiHj diflDOTvriot W4rv ptotjably tb« moH 
sptrndid tliAt evrr foil to tbp lot of uiy indir;- 
dunl In A niorv onli^'litpin^d a^ tht?y would 
Imvo Hcuroi tbo gmiitLido txnJ [uimimtjon «f 
thr nhoU bcicutifio worliL But Gnldeo lud 
niiMul .'kbiAt of iiDruum by jilUiuipllxif bi otpt* 
liim tbii Aj'iitUvtullnti ^Lsctrfnaii, ajiU iha ditin^ 
iUfflf WW nmncd tuncUoQ, Ij*cmt*<i il 1ij\j1 idAJtftl 
itii infatlibility m «up^iorl uf do|;ui'ui vkbioh Un? 
di4covcn« and rvajtoniu^ of iLfalik*^' h^l o^'vr- 
lumcd- Galil«o vnd t^oc brought bofora tbc 
liji^uuLLlioiL; fkiid a council of Ac^cn OLrlinak 
pronouncoti Uia JoUowinji iciitoHOJ^ — "Thut to 
iiirtinLuri ibcl auu t^i jxi iniiuovfibli^.Atid WiUlOut 
b^cal uioLiui] i^i ibp <.vnlre of tlii.« wi'ild, ih an 
nlwjrd pr^poHiiirtEi, f^n* in pbibwvjthy, liorHtMil 
in rcliii^on, nud Kiutmrr to tbc tatitttOtliJ «l 

SciiptuiT. Tliiit it iM ci|iiAlly Abmnl and bb* 

in pbiic40|:tJiy to tuccn ttuit tlio fartb ii not U&' 
movaUt] in llu^ LVJilto uf tbc wurlJ, bud, 000^ 
■idrtriHl rli[Vib^i<^Jy, npintly iifmiuruiiiL .'tint 
bcrul^rtd,' 

Ucrc ^vui AH i^inniplo, ftni'mfl lunjiy olb«r> 
lliAt ujiglit be ^dtL'D. of A ijunibci uf moll wbo 
ounooiriHl Uiat jxivuf vu iblt to lubdua truth- 
Bnt tiiH p^ny fffi^riii of jio^ioi ikud uu-diiulHAiv 

bitAlly Dii4Ul« Id ^>p i)ie i^tKJuljtf fliiu 1/ bunan 

kno-HMl^, TIm» ittrr** n'rnkftiH nidi in ton» 
Amonjf tbe Infulbbli; omclon <if ibf lb>mas Ch- 
thtJjc Cliurcb- But nbu poijii &ny rcfud to 



I 




rilYWCAL SCIENL'E. 



XXIJI 



it7* A promiM WW cTtort<d bom GolQoo 

lluH hn vitulii nut (JncU Uia Juptnnc uf Uk 
tfOtfaW tfioliQTt, «[Ui6r by yjiehkLiig or \VTitinff- 
But lhi,« jirviniM Ik 4uI oitt Iter')), Hin tL.iM 
liiMtujfitfi, iiiibliHhFvl lopiff ulVrwanli^ (UJTJtii.iiui jl 
foU tlapl^ of th« Uaa^ of tht s«v lyvtem, 
ad ittdi ofi exposare of tho uKQwiat«a«ica of 
FliileEnx and Tj'cho bm a>]i]|i]cUiI the triiimi>h 

Id 1083i when h^. wiw ncv^int^ ynnn cf ■![«> 
be w Afisia LruujjEbl LwfitTe tJw Iiir|TiiM{cit»ii> 
jumI fcorvJ •olmnlj to diavow hw b«lj(if in tJi« 
ffUtV* motion. Uc wns wndeiiLiic*! to pcirpot- 
iild imjiriA^aLinuut, llioii^ iIht -iGUti^iuzo Vt'On 
AAvrwftrdH DUtignUd, atd 1m Vom tdiavivd to 
ntnra to IIdkdc*. Tldn Hbt«iic» wusk li4.Mi.vily 
into bj» ruirjil- Lij utv^r afUir «itlivr trULrtl (jv 
wro(« on tlw luUjiJCt n( sort.njfmmy, HmI m) d.*- 
fIDOO* of POT^W f^f inqiJuitoTv «iijid fftop Uiv 

Hog n^ of tmtU- Tlit uj^iniuii tluit the auih 
u on* of tbo pUiuH a>^ t^^i ^'^ ^1^ «thon, 
It movca ruiuiid l^ «uu iu nu cUi^tit*! «rliit> 
Urcwoo luoTV Mod Tuora pKVnliiitt, ftnil wiu mxri 

The tunc wna noir wnu- wb?iu tJl1^ motiuti* of 
the barcnly Inliei verr? to bo cuQi{Mi/Hf with 
tho Iav* of cLotlcu AA kucwu on Uio cnrtb. l^jt 
iLia i;4jjii[iiii inortj lUui for tli« d^TicloiiiacDb of a 
ii^w iH'jriio^, tlic >iiiMiiiH'Mt timt luui hiL^ivrto 
b«4A QVpoMd tn Uiv t»yw tit iii^Aukiiiil, tliw w^irU 
la ludobud to Nontjjiu In tlic y<AZ XGOG, ffhcu 
h» yrtoi ft T^iy jTiuiLg Duiii. be KM driveu frotu 
Cunlrid^ 1}/ llic fJ^i^a, JU liO cftt Olio day 
in luB i^iJrn, lEiimmir uu iiit* iniittiv vi tbc 
nyvtfriunt fottx by ulxjilt Um jihi!Uiujiivujv ftC 
tho ovth'i lurCoM *t« AO iulicIl rpjriilHtoil, bv 
bU«rvotliiii)t|ipJc fall from Dtrci^. Tiii< tljouj^^bt 
ixnanwd to him, f^nns ^m^viiy ia a iL-iulvuuy not 
tioafinod to l>odlca on tho vety a^rinoo of thci 
QMtU; but tiutx it rciidim to Uio ti|M of Ikoh, 
aiul to thi* Birurmt' i>r ibc lii^h<!Bt moiuiLjuimt 
vithout itn intoniity HiilT^riiij^ any titiiiiible 
cJiBUgc, vhy pmy it not r? Aob t? ii vuU(;h gre^Erir 
ritajmnf, witl Pi-en tu llit mcou ilselfi Aud if sO- 
liUiy u^ tltti moon bv rvtainnl iu lior orbit bv 
^fr&vity, AuJ fi^r^ol tif Lic><-rtbi: u i:iii%'c, like a 
jirojeKilr* "u [lit KOiTniit* uf llie uitlliE Qmv 
aaotbor oonnuiui^tjuii vviy Dutiinitly uccurn^, 
TtuM^ ^mtit^^ b« not muiibJy vnkencd nt 
iMuaI] fJtMocoH from the uirth. yut il taay be 
yptkonml frt trrcntor duitui^wtf Biid ut th« moon 

*|a lA« ailJUaB uf NeHlon'irilikclplLllatbDiaBtJmb; tlia 
JviriK ^ *(«■ V^ J*X|nl«» t^HnboJ ai ttfni in iJkc yuar' 
iriS^ (2i*i»acBiin K« nwbqUihirii'kf th« tLtH bnrrk thvlV'h 
lrivii4^<]MbTitiflEi, \i3 UiB rnDiDuit niiUin: '^cM1u]■ m iLu 
ttiLiO teak bMlWiUlwd Iti* bjt>4iLliaik> uf llib LuvUmi uf lljti 
^■Itk TT»prfi|M|llDBaQf (lL«AU«ki>in>i|]driiil}-"«ir1«^"*J 

In riiMin«Mii"L toviiiift i\"i 'kiiLnLnn <rf Minttnv [«iiDn, Uut 

HfkllHl lit* 1U»L[4n Ipf tJw Q^Jth.' 




m&y be mucb E««i To c«timat« tbn qunntity uf 
diiiduuLicjfi Newton kcuu to h^ve rcaJhitied 
tkiu: If tiw moon bo rotomod in bf^rorfrfl by 
thn j;nit-ittktiiiii vf thucArlJi, it u prvbiblo that 
Erhif |i1j<jji-ex ]iki?wiii4^ at-f tiai^ric^l rouivl tlii! »iiu 
m 4<:ijL*o:}iK'iictf of n hiiuElur fmwf'r cUrcftAt to 
tho »iitrc of that JiiDiinoo'- f'^ prtKyaloilT 
thi^ivf nra, tn Inqtiirv by wbnt Inw Ihu gmvlUitiuLi 
uif tb« ^JAUftta to tbo nm miHt dimiuidi, in 
order to corrMirocd vith KopJoi-B third kw. 

giuib Jtu inTWti£xtion wuubl luivb U»i;^ be- 
yond thfr potrvr of moit taKtboniAtifnntis at Vtmi 
0^; but Nevton eoon dieoovtrred tbiiL Kofibtf^ 
Ihv wnuUI iTiquim the forco of j;mvil,y to di- 
nimlib cxACtly utbOAqUAMor tbc dtirtAun in- 
oixvi^i^Jh Tht mooa, therefi>», bem^ diatoat 
fi^oia till* ^i.nT) ftbrjiit hiily HuiiJ-ilinini^Lvn* of 
tho oirt^, tho far?o ^jf gravity ail tFiAt dietiUioy 
lunai beiviluM.1 to tht Jfl'XJtb Ti&rtof wluit itU 
jit LhpfjLit.lk'A lurfAJZP-. Yria tbt dedviLuu uf Lbe 
moon, Ihuu, fram the Uuigail of bor oibK in * 
■vcuiid uf IJino, JuAt the lltKHfLh po^t of the difr 
tuncfl whj<:b n liHiivy Irijdy fnlln iJi a ucouJ Mil 
tJiD cnrtb'v «iirtac0l Hiia qiiMtknn unld bo 
fiTMtdciy muwcTcdt BUppoviiiLE ^>o nioon^ difr 
Ijinfm Lu fflrt kncmn, iiad bur nu^fuJuj' vcloulty> 
iir tb<4 Ulna ^^f hot revolution ia Ii^*r orbit, ulno 
klw^ru. 

Britig at ft i3i«l«ihcyi fi-otu book* b« tocJi ttic 
oommon utimiito of thv eArtiid cir^miufvivrinL^ 
Uiuu iji u»r, maxii-ditifi to which a drciro wiw 
hflrl «nij»l t-i rtiity mllp*- Thin U-'iiig an vr- 
roQoooB oupixmtiHUifU**' TvaiiUo* the piJtniUtion 
did not lL-iirre*ijt tlw fwiiw an aJr^jujilo Id prt^ 
diuw tbo cHscit. Rcnw Xi'wWm LiiniJiid«l UihL 
iii>iiia other iNtiiaa than gniVLty miist »uTt on LbL- 
tuuou, uid iniii iiaidv, i» coutquccoe. all furtfan- 
■prulntirinH iin t)h<i 4u3>]rft for the tiriiLs 

'^mo yL'Ani Aftfir hui jhttcoihuji wna n^iu 
c^tLlmi to theaubjtct by n bilor Itvia Dr. Iluifk^, 
prop-wing, ns n qnwti'm, To iltiCjirniine tlie liriu 
iu which rt body let fall fr-jai n hi>iybt dtsoeudu 
Iu the tr^uLid, tiikitiii into consideraljpii tJiu 
iTiMiiin of llio Oftrth on itA juciA, TTiifl l«l hiiu 
tu rctti.iri»<? t.hi! nuhji^rt cif the uiotjn'ti motion, aad 
Ihi? mwuHinr of a dv^usv liy N.nTmiid ha^iug 
nnw fiiTDiibpd moTL" ^-iMt djif^i, liii fuimtl ihftt 
Lj3 odculation f^ve the prwicoi^iLaiktity fkirtlio 
tumr^iH (iiuiU'^iiiiLiy dcQcotUU from tJiQ tonj^otit 
of liiT nrhit \v1ij<'h w deduced from MLrouo- 
micnt obflcnTitioiu 'VIk- oioou, therefore, hua n 
luEidcn^y to dmxnd t** tlw «Hitli fiuiu thr mi-niu 
<Miu» thnt natono at it4HtiH':M^< b;iri; nnd tf tlui 
dijitvut of a ntono in a flewnd btf dimuLithisL lji 
tbo miij> uf 1 U> 3'>U0, il will ^re tbo qiinutity 
whub tlifl mooax dammulfl In a Mcond btlow tbu 
tnnceut of hnr OfbiL Tbiaa bi obliLiood ah ex - 
pVEimciitoi r^itH^f that pnvity i]«ci4nani na the 
I Bi^uat* of lb* divtactt inpnoMtH^ He liail al- 



XXXV 



TBB PROGRESS OF 



n»dj fmiDd that tljt lirrifli of tlis jilmiKuiy 
roTDlatioiUv ctijijtoemg their orbila to be circu' 
Ur, led tu tlic huifii ujf(ii;lii«Joii, Hi^ uovf |>i^>- 
CMil«(1, with :i vtn^v tJi Ihr^ vtlnlioii nf HmWoV 
fir«bh'TUT Lo ni(]uinj wlukt tL«ir«rt]itB mtirt Iwr 
MiplHsitig Uie i-cutripvuU fonv to be uir^rwJy 
lU the iquarQ of tYe ^IktAJifv, and the iDitbil 
foreo U> bo taij vhaUyei: On thii AubjccC v& 
Ajv UiUt ih?Ll hu oi»iiitKn:!il xht'ut u ili/jutii ot ]iii>- 
fHDiJtJoiiK, FinilkiiEiH tliiH'^ 31. ilia Ito^niiln^ fif 

After cMb noble c[jeiUDg it ia rcrj- mrpnuluff 
tlui b* i^n ditifi^wl tho iofTHtif^tinn. »Dd 
HIV ftOt Inducnl to Ukc h up n^u till scvcnl 
jro&ni nfln, whi-jt !>'. IJcklli^j iKti-l hju & vl>il 
M (.^D!irirlj^,uiLt1 |irvvAiUMl ajHifi him toivrtov 

He itu^n fuund tbut thr thm- Inwi of KvpLer 
irv direot ooD«efiu<uni« of tkip ■jHtiHn of gn^ri- 
UliuiL He aliftwcU Umt tbcry nil foUownl from 
tfaa Uv UmL thir [)lw:ivU jpfu^iUlr Id Lhi; »iiii 
With a fitrm iuvarwly m tlm H|ii»to of tha ^luu 
t&nAK J I w]ii«4t madi tn lliiit oviiiencw Umt 
ike ai1aerr>tioiB of CiMWiai hu) pTurnL the mine 
Uwv to |:i]w«jl niMnigtii* utdlitn of Jupit^. 

Did U4« jirindplo which (ippun to iuut« tlxu 
grval tvJi^v of Itiv lUkivDTK nut ouly i^ii lliisui 
bodttA t i)ifl it rvAiiU iiMf^l/ m Iholr «intr*«A| 
or vv« it ft forotf ovmmaii t^^ rUl tho fiaitjcliw of 
nwttcT. Tt vliuI J Laz41jr be iloulilccl th&t UllB 
MkdMKnr wu e»nim<i>u to ftll Uio partlddi of 
liuittcr. For the oeiitit:i of the finnt bodju had 

titlvi iluCriliiitivi ■ruiQil tliunj. Hut t\ut ti-oetu 
tiiin oilmittnt fif I>tii]£ bnu^it t« n b«it«r Umt 
thmi jDon* nbetntct rrwinuiiiE. 'll^a bodlta be- 
tWMO vhich (hi* tfrtilpiicy liid bMn ofawrvM] 
Ur UJu |ilus VVK oU T-oiuiil bvdiaB, ftnd nnu-ly 
«|ih«tiQi1i mhI whether l4fg« or imoJ), II117 
•MmoJ 10 icmvitAU tav»n1« tmr\i (itlipr, accoH- 
iB|> (o UvD wuDV Uw. Tho plniMAi graritAt^ 
to lbs fiLD. th? inwu tu Iho cvUi, th« nUnittH 
«f Jii|dlflr to ihbl p1wi0b--*nil ^rnflty 1a all 
tbttc CM Tsiic* iavecvcJy a> tho aqunrv of tiiu 
^itfunooi. U m*t tjien^n-s «afv to mfu thnt 
ba««Tcr miiilJ Ui« botia*. prDvidoil th<7 vera 
tvuniL th<y would ic™vil4t« ta caoh othor 
wtth frana Miyiiig ifi>v<tv(lj » Ujc ikiiiiAm 1/ 
th« ^btffl 'V^**^ It WM pnitntilA 1l]«n, tJiU 
fmvitjr v» th« autubl toodcci^ of ;JL tho 
pwtitlai ct TDittsr bD «Adi other. But ihia 
<«tthl not b* (y'iaf1i>1f«1 niilifoHalntytUI Itvu 
kno^rn vhclhifr j$r»l afi^hcnnJ hodiv** mm 
poMl of pwticln gntiUting AJ.-i.vi\liiik- I? tliU 
biV, wOfiM UiMttMirM gnritat* uronlin^ to 
th«Mtt>«. 

Tlik prnUnn Npvtaii nitclffTtoiik to aoIvol 
ir« tvhtewl it to th« qutudiaturs of <nirvw, $4kt\ 
found, no douht witb ilcli^ht. ihnt the lav vu 



thr tnmv for tie Tqljrn- tu for iTlf^ lArticJm 
nthioh c^mpooc it; tlint ihfl ^vitAtto[i via 
di«ct*<l l*j lL« ijciitit? uf the fipherc. nuiI Tfn». *ti 
tht r|iiflntlty of nmi.:«r innulnHl in \i. i\ivu\«t\ 
by tLu iti^iutrd <J tiiu ilifltujci? iraitv tlw i»iitr«^ 
Tlim .-1 ojUi[f]L*U txpirmiiiJ] w;u ohULiw^l fur 
the \^vi rf gmrity, itiVdlvJn^ Ixilli tliv t^midi- 
^aos oD vhich It muat dcpcDd, the qtUUiti^ of 
DjAtUi ku tliv ernvitatiu^ 1iudJc>i,ftiid Hit din* 
tMiot at vhii^li tlitf tyHltcA »va plnr^l. l^hi^rv 
oonJd b« U'> (J<>ubl ihM tlua taadutoy vn» 
AlwAys anutualt and tbtre waa no eKODptiOQ tA 
tlio rtdo tliAt HHion iiad tv-iLCtion mtb o^nid. 
So timt if n ttouo j?toviULt<«i 10 tlic efkHh, tin 
rju'tli i>]imtly (^trisiEAlv^ U> tUn Jiloiiir; or, lu 
otliiT wm^ till' iwiHiitihMa .ijijuiiu^-li <i!*rh itthwr 

qiuuliliu uf laatlcr- 

Xcvton wont further, Aud iib>wc*l Lov tht 
qnAHtJty of omtttir, nod even U^ <l«iudty of ike 
]jJii(itiiJi, )idj:lil bri dvUiuuiiixl' ItJ tbti wny ml- 
roAily vtplatTwl li« w»m ijiiahlKl ttt niitv^iUhr lh« 
iijtoQH^ty of t)tc earth's jp^Wtation to tho <uik 
with dint of the mtiuu to tiie luith, cvh being 
QMuntwl ty tho momontory dedctiou from the 
tonutst to th4 Miuill tfLToh vt ie* fffhit. A ta*r>r 
debdM Luvcnti^tiuu ahuwKl that lh« iiileuHty 
of tbo (W3tnl forct in diflurant <»r1iiU jat n» 1h« 
mam dirlAittv dirid«d by Uie «|iiEire of the 
periodic tlmt\ Ami llir- ii^iiir lEilcnffET l>eliii|> 
$Sao at thtf r|ii:iiititic« of niAtCtr diviilod ht 
thu fiiuaiw of tl]« difltAiiiw!, It foUcWB that 
Ibttv- two (pjrtieulq iim (V|W Ui nidi nthatr 
fin<i thfili therefore^ tLc cjunnlitid of matter nro 
A/i the Diun dutAocvrt ilividcd by llw V|iijir(a of 
iht [pciiudjc lituiM, StiiijiWnj-T LliiHtiifiKT, thii 
tho ntu> of tliu mcutri JixtiunM of tb* miii fntn 
itf: «:nrtli t^^ l)<r' iramii ilutMKO of the mocn 

fi>t^ii ifi«< HATtb in )ri'vpi]: j;< thH olinof Ihetr 
|>rrriih1ii- thiim ih aXnt\ ktiowa, tlie F«tio of tho 
i|U!intity of matter in tbe tun totJ'O qiiiuiiitTor 
Diullcr in iht uuth. of coniiric|iienntj tt fonniL 
\tti1 tho tamo l]iiii|f holiEn Uj nil ttur |ilkiioiA 
wlu4^]i IjAVi! >tiU-lUtoii KiiTvtiijc nrond ihenk 
riiiicvf jJui ibiih^ iiifAM fk-iiMitlro^ i.ir Hjiririfio 
gTAvltUA, b*ot«]iii' knivwn, 

Tho Prindrnb PbiLwiftbiiD yAtnodM, whlcb 
ixtiitiuuud All thee diBn^vtrriw, \tiu palilkhod lb 
rbi< yi^xt jn^T; mid mnny ya&n elii|«Ar| bofoiv 
it bostfue goucnkUy known mid und<t«tood. 

llw pnnd|]|o ttt gmvity thiut fully HilAJillHtHil, 
Aiid Mm conft^ntmctm dvT«li>|i*l, wm imt ina*< 
iii>n>^l by N-jMlonforihefimb time, fiomeoiri- 
UUB rcfiftDiiix* to it uq foiiui! tu the wriiirj£<i of 
the andi-JjU; indCopeniii-DSf Ke{kler,cu%J lloc^ 
enlcrt^Lod ojaiuoila r«B|j«4Liiif it a{>[irohchiu|r 
uiiidi Dcnjer ui «£* 'iiiiy^y, * 1 difiutt ihink/naj* 
Oi>]intiU<Uk, ' ihni gnvity 1* Htytbtn^ vl>c- tlmii 
ui ufptlfney tjf tlic p^rta of th& cailli j^ifeu by 




PHYSICAL saEscn. 



sxv 



iiEtrltJig tiL^tliT Itiry tiiti}' bvcitniii fiir fttnci <if :i 
j^iAir. Il 11 [nrciLabJi^ timC tliu map Aff<'dj"ii 
bekiu^ lo tliv »Qu, IW mf>uii,uiJ Uic fixed lEoiSi 
whidi nre aii o( h round form/ 

Koplor, 111 liiH ^4il nork on th« Motli^JtA of 
Kuv, tr*^ (if Eiaiitj- an i\ fonv octiu^ u^hlU' 
rrvlly fritni jiLmpt lo |i1ii^iL<t^ JUid pLilfiMilarlir 
liLim Uh* oiuih to tiu; mooiik ' If ibo dioud ami 
tbfl &uth Tcuc aut reUiOcd bf jiomc LLiatuAl or 
«qdTViJuit ffiia, oftdi in iU orbit, tho uuth 
wuild iimood Ur Xht unwri by a Itlly-fourth put 
of Ihtf ijiLfiriAJ Wvi<vii iLviD, uhil« tbo moon 
nafrwil 0Vi>rl1iAri-]Ti.iinin;;firr}-'tTiTv*>;ttJUj that 
bi, «ia|3pO«iii^ IbftJi of tho KUnc ilciuity,' lliie 
fHOQ^ dinplayi ix ciuiDm uiUturc of ignmajiw 
nA knowXvigo n-iqvrtif ig iho plnnclnry nLoiiniiH 

Hoctko mBflo a nuiuvr ajipruitub to liuiU tlii;ii 
Mirtd hm ;>Tt«|iCCBM ura- In Iub iiU«ni|jl t» iitvvr 
thA fnnti<>nnf tho^rth in l0Td,h« \iiy% itilown 
«» piinaiplo tliat Uw he&^ouJy bo<Ji« hnvo an 
fttttacaiwi UtnnU {knir owa mntrah viuuli ut- 
tanib to otiicf lirniiw within ihn iiplwr* of flwir 
v^iviCy. Tho for^ of ^-u\ ity ho conudorod pa 

d«tpna^ii*» tlif' )nt« nf nki'Mtr,u>]i, TIimi» vurv 

kiLMd witti uiu^li vntjT ^ibl iniui'li i>:poruiiuc. 

biddotOTUiiwil the JftW oiocordiiijt to which fiim- 
titotum mu'lmj Ut Uy daiiu hituM*if to Llie di»- 



Of aU tL« ;>liyK[AJ principlM thnt hove been 
h Jtljoto luiuier kiUBu, ttcra U uiHio u fmiffiil 
In OJliHqiioiias u Ihnt of ^TttjiLioTi. The 
HMM mipuaty that Jod 1o thi» difl<.-uvvTy wiu» 

llio muti]^ fiTitvilJirion nf aJ] hnJfi^ Ivthjf 
BiUtt>U«dr It WW cvidirfit UifLt>n]iih the plniiotn 
ixndcwHlriug t1i«u~ (fiLiu duuU th« 9UII. tfaty 
SiiuC niutiialty nttnu^ rmr nnathcr; And heiim 
in LhcLt rcvi'lutiuciJi bcmc im-j;v}nriiicifir^Ui the 

dtMCnpUuil Iff 1^|ULll :iU:i(i ILl I'lllllj litllMV UUlfUl 
1W ^|>H^.hI Bill HlT-llhTlJl MlH-}\ iTTH^lnritiiM 
liod b«n rilv*."fT(^ 'ftiW in tlic moluticn" o( tho 
iu<joU. Hiii W NfjwUpii to iutiuirc svluit thif 
fetOK* were whir*h, iu»:iTTJirtg to the lawi jiint 
4beoveff«dr vaM produce tho irrcf^ulodticii in 
qimU^fik Till; mu-fu uiii^l 1>v iviUni ini iivi uiily 
li^ Ihr Mrlh^Itiil, Affak by tliii Hmi- :iriil ft irnH »1 
ftHec cviiicnt tiial On? f*prptf whinh v-jui wifficiont 
to bOMJ tho oihit tif tiiotforLli t]|l<j Lhi* fui^u^ uC 
AB AlHp^mimt hiLVn K HDjihtc^ dliKt on tho 
«rblt of the moun. Qt ahovui th^l tt u> iiit 
tbo ivlud« tvfoii whidi Uii^ mm ti^i^tLx im Unf 
noon tlua dlitiirtA br>r irii>tUin muiid iIlih ■tuKh, 
bui^blj tho iJilti^tvii^ Wtvri^iii thiut Ft^i-i^ und 
tlie fmtot nLJi^h ihp ^uu i^xcrtH uu llif? ofLrtfi. 
IbolitalnfxndmpuxunaioftLcdiBturbiti^fotocv 



hu Mijiivu^d tIjF entire fotoeof thotuu va the 
inkii'ii t<> b? TTwolrod ii>t^ twn, (if uhii^i 'mr* 
vl'voyn pnjvuj thi^>n|fU the ccjjti'o of (liv cortlii 
Aijil tbc ott;<:i wjv ulwaya ^aih:l tu tho Uui? 
joining tli^j^i^n snn] f^nttti, r>oTi«oqnitntlv to th^ 
liitxHTlion of Vii» f(pr^ t4 tbo Hitu t-a i\u^ vMlh. 
Th" fi>ruii-rtif ihoic forran Ln-iUij *lin:<:tti1 t" tliu 
ivnti-H riF the PorUi doM Offf. pnrvcuit ^h•• niiviii 
fi\'ni Ji»c«ibziig rotmd ^c muth c>qiial ojuu ui 
ctfiuJ tiian^ Out the olfoct of (t ou tho whole 
it to diminish the gmvltAtion of thn rnoon to 
tbo otiTth ubuut ODO S&8th pjirt, t^ JucnuiM her 
laf no dntAuoff io Ihominv ppiffKittimi.axiil bcr 
ungnTftr Tuntlon by liboiit a HHtJi, Hh ]^mvitfl, 
hy a vorj pitibtk inv»tiji;atioQ| th&t tlino f>ratH 
would not BTiiailil} t^hangn the cUJptJaxl oibitof 
till? moon, hm thni ibo orbit itulf wmiH be 
i-u^iiUTod iiKivniilu; ibr loap;or kiia baiiiiff on 
mj^'iiLiT .iml piv^-rohniro luotion, by wbicJi it 
:u1vuji<^iil nvtT n i>(<riJLin nmdnrinjf MuVt rmnibi- 
tioaof the moDtL. ThuaIf>.>TU^ oji vKplojiJilMu 
of tho moiiuu of tbc apudt« vt the biunr oibit, 
which bail bptn otwrvvd t^ go foTwnril Ot the 
rate of a" 4' ncwJ V, ibiiTQg thotimoof thoiooaa'A 
irvotuLiifii, III n«iii><:l uf thu HxcU *tAi^ 

Beit \}\t- PXAi--l finflTHity if th* JriiitJoM nf tbo 
DLfiEilu^ did not i^vm«i]^nd with tbp dimiitutioii 
*A the fuoon* ^vitj flAsitiovcani^od. There 
Wii, thrrofrtiT. n tlrfful (ivem^iHiilowin^ thw jiRrt 
<hf the hiiiAi' tbaoi'j-, which wiu not diwipAtcd 
tiJl a i*rvAlijr ruLv/un-ti in itiulhciimtiiijJ kifiivr- 
}nil\*\y put if in Ibo |hi4>ir uf fliLriluii|iuoit AMtroti- 
omeni to im'wttfftlc tlio *ubjiVt ooi^iplvtolj. 

The line of Un; Inwu nudm had b*eu obwrved 
to retHignule iit the mtn of 11' 10'* oFi?ry day, 
Nvwtoii flh^iwcd that tho oftoond oS tbo fLireeo 
lutr/ 'wbieb ibu Ktbii^ nctiirii wiu inkolvixl, bi^iuif 
«ii>r(^l not in th** f ilvir of ihf mnoTiVnrltitJkitf, 
in that of Ibt rcb{itii.v rmlim^l to tbo formvr 
At Jin ftnglu juiuewbut KrHil<?r than fir* dcgfoVi 
iu oifwc miiit 1w to dmw iloivn tin? mfMn tn Ihp 
pbuio cf tJke od t] itie Miomx than it wuuld othf^i'- 
wum^nUuM i(; iu omitwjiJi.'in>' "f whieh Uiu 
inl^iWfitioi; nf xhf t-)/H) jlimm v»iiU3 afijimniib, 
«B it H^ra, lowiifdB the nao**n,<'rinov« inndirci^- 
tloii oppoflite to thrxL *.i ih^ uim^u'ft luotkrii, <ji 
Ihtconiu Tiitr(*i(ciu\i'. I'Voin fbe qiinnlity of llit! 
Molar force, luhI tlii? luvlmtLUan of tho mooriH 
dtLIL, Newlun dctflruiiiKwJ tbw iiir»ii tiuaulity uf 
thU Tptro^nblnTion, iw vrull iu4 tliA tni^^drtritim 
to -Evbich it ia flubjtrtt iiud fcijnd bqth to a«:rc«, 
forruiponding vt-ry aci^uiattly with oljacrvutlou, 

Thft Innjtr tnrqnidity diwovrtrd by T^c^ho, 
nji'! c'jUIoJ by him the variation^ whieb emwi^ttji 
iu ttu.' MLvriuklo iieivLrrnliun utjtT ivtajd«t£uu of 
thv TiiiMin ia <^keb <|i]iirtar of bur tvTOlutioni, irvi 
ncciu^xTely deU^miino*! from thcotyifraoh u it u 
fuunf] by^Lwiii'Al'iutL Tin; Mine renuuk apphtei 
to the umvuU wjuatiiju, wbicb hod be«Ji Icug 



3tXVl 



TUB TROGRKBS OP 



Mnfoufi'lMl wlih til* t^xtnlUfa of tiiuo. Ji dom 
nut Ai-pfAT iLiil as rvt4D AtC«iapt<Ht nn cx&ot dc 
tc[iiiiiutii>ui.if llifluihur ic:t:<|i;[Alj|iT>j oJ tUuluiuLr 
fuotinn. Hi.> Hiliifivfl biTMwIf wil.h iTm (fni>'r!»l 
UQlh| tlat ibe piipciptc cif lliti mm'ti Jisturbibj: 
furao led Ut tlw 4ii|4ii:Ailioij, <^ iijuqiuilitiw of liitr 
MDW kLod wRb tbow iLntuntl/ oliirrred. Th« 
fiJl knoirJectjrn of idl Uic«c iDoquoUtiw jmil tlicir 
vuut iu:i;onIuj<xi »ilU tbniity wh« rcMi'vul fur 
A futiuv prrl'Hi, w1ii>ri atii'^FfH ] i^trf r- i-t HTAt^ uf t1k« 
OyCUloV «CLttbJ«<l phJlm-tphfJ:^ U] iuv(Viti^t« till 

whole BubjecU 

Cm autti, in connDqiimi^D of iin roUr.ifiti nu 
iti ftxk, is influvDoyi by a «<uliifugal IsT^f 
wLicli iiLUJil nuL iiumL i^jvimitvlly uii Ujc |KtiU 
tnoatiliHCAiit frvni (IivuiIb. l^:imoiiriti:if l1ii« 

boiug lUduUTKi by tLc luoiucularr ri?<jvjv vf any 
pcotit from Ibo Ungrtit urbii^li wa« known firnn 
tb« corth^ rotaticin, il couU bo com|jbr4Nl «ith 
tliv (oi>K uf gnvitj at the 4UUD |iLicc. itjf«uiiiivd 
In hk» iiijuvupir by tho di»Mint of n hoa,vy hody 
in tbo tirxt u)utli'?iiI of iU ttJL HifWivu tiiumi 
Uiab tLfl orat|-irii;:jiT fnuip il itiv f-i[iiiiL<ii m tlii- 
!£?iWll liurt of 1^1^ I' '' , <hinUiiNHliTM<j tMDlMiLl- 

Ul« €ljllHtui' lO tlw [JiAl^ uLii-ii: IL ■,lJii.li< lI^i 

|t«tb«r. From IbA cuiiibiiiMikon ot lUn iVitcL' 
vith tlut of gn\Hj it fdlovi UiaI Uui }iluuib- 
luic ciumiA Icnii oxocUj' to tlie uithV ucotn. 
mkI lli4t ft tmc borizuritd Eino, ludi u iiiUiiU^ii 
b^ lerclliikiz, ii coiitlui](!<J frmn dUicr pilu in tliu 
|ilAUfl Lif ammJiiiii »ll itmiitj lliM^rib, unjiibl 
Dot b* > ciHa but na vlLipnt, lixvmg it* grMt^r 
Ititia ia Uiv plfjio of tlu- equator, and its Imot in 
tbi^ diiKtioii III (be ikiid ol dm outli^a rirbition- 
71otFthoaiirf[i«of ttwocuattMlf afltUftllftrftcn 
tbU lertl, ru it titendi h«tt th» oquttor lo Um 
}i.r1tv. tlHtitv k fillowii ttuii tb« fif^ireof iluf 
iNLTth ia ail oMAt4< «]>! I fix-Ill, or n lolid gflncratei] 
t^ Uw nrrolntian of the elli)>tk mcHdi^JL nlxnit 
ii« ahufter uiik To dotimiiiiK^ thu fmparibu 

Kit the ftiMof thu ii|sbi]roid Mowlou wiocaivad 
Ihoitflf iLc WMtenal tbu p-ikeujd nt llic njuntor 
vara to GummiinicalA Ijy » (^jiaI ibriKivb tlie 
Intatiorof lJ>#«dUth, oiwbv^uiH^ rvju^hiiig from 
Iba p^ to Uu oeotrot u^i ^ otlitr At Hgbc 

■Dgltt to h fnuu tba ifeuLre to tlxi^ cjrnmLffqvim 
of it» cquoiCor, th« wnti-r ui thu ^^mfej mu^t b* 
in c^juU^bno, or llic wuL^lit of tbo fluul in ibo 
tflM bnuich Jiuti cqiuj to tiiftt In Uw oUhTp By 
a wrr iril iUa ]>nKAEi u( r—inJng h« tmoA tbnt 
Uu luniftb of tlie cquAtorinl CODA] miul be to 
tlaboC IIm jnlu m 230 ta tSB, It vnt d«iiiDn- 
Mnlcd afUwarda by UAduiim ami Oaiiuit 
tliai thi« u in but the raiicr of tbo t«xi dUmM«n 
of iht outb. njppudnff ItK Mpturilk ^mvlty U) be 
bomogHuuiu fmni cirmiufinviKV to otntra If 
lu ii|«^c Kmvilr iiirrr^rcd fi-oni tbociroom- 



Apn?n« to ttt; «iit»^ lo sm bo tm inOiJt«Jjr grvAt 
nt tbo ocnti'c, tlicn tlic iLiiliruiun botv««ci 

ilrii t^v duuiiclcii would bo a mimiuuiai Ami 
vituUi iiamiiia only Ui i+,Th luut, Mr- Irmy 
hnf* istnitiixntfl t-liin HLibjcct wjtb Im uuuiiJ oagiL' 
city and pnifiinuiil jfiutlicJDMiH.at biuwlv>ilfir> 
and rotidiidtft tlint l1i« irua (LifTt'ruuLii- betWMii 
ibe Imgtk ot tbfl tvo duunoloi u ,|»th |wt> 
Til!:* iIi-l<.-jjj]iLULtU]t; '*a juaj ufdj wiuno M 

Frx>ni tbo figuro oi tlio uiutb tLua dotormioad 
Mwicu iihavr«ij Uub the iuttrinity of umirity.iil 
iLUy pciat of tlip ■Offan- n iiivrmnlr im fJiit dbt- 
toijcccJ UiAl point fiom the centre. Ite incuWAso. 
UH-nifurT*iu guit^ frt^^ lijudiiiutortu tbc pole*, 
ix lA lh« •f|U3Lr» of 1b« ftine i>f tJxd lukudflf rJic 
Minio rntiu in vliidi Ibu cUin't^** vf tb^ iiuridiiui 
mcrcuc Ad gi^vity dimijiiflliw in Kuiu^ from 
the polH to tfai> equiitor, it fnllowK I.Iiat. n [wt- 
dulum of 4 gjv-au Icngtb would vitmutc Biovjjr 
wljcii lAirltid fi'otij Eiu^r^e to t^ic luivid louc 
niiH Imil Lt^'ii nirejvly roriflivj liy tin* oUiom" 
tionxt^ Vnrij] hth^ Dp UitycMj nuiil<j rU l-nyctfam 
jud MArtiuJi^iiCk 

What it iTiiJkvl ih* pTMenien fif rSi« t^inoMt, 
or tluj rvtiH^p-adfttiJU of tlic cquiaoctuJ pomt^ 
ii.ul Iji-rii Um|; Wnowi;. Iu iTitt: Ikjid bovu fvuud 
!« kiiioiiuE ix^u'ly tn fiO'* jinmmlly, ao u to CQB- 
]rNl..' nn <:ihtii'ci ivvi^iiti^a Of Iho hUTMU IB 
L.','r,MJU I .Ml.- NulULUg ScWQ^tid UL(iir difflcolt to 

ij^bUm tU.Lii ihiu pbonomcQon — no pwooding 
(uitn,*[irimcr IiuiI'iVri^ tlirwii «u( aci:>iijcctureMi 
tbn «ijIiJ«:(- It wm* rwjrtwl for li»^ Miipidlj iif 
NtwUn, if<; vu <lir«otfd by a ^vrUiu wulofcr 
bctimti tbc prci>»flioii of the oc|uiaoxa nnd the 
retjo^iiulatidu <if tJm moou'i Qodoy a phciiop^ 
onon 1o wbii^b hu calculiu bad boau ftlroody wae^ 
coaifully niipUod, ThoapW^dA) iJjdU 4>r riaj; 
of iuALt«r ^liJLtli HMToiiiitlH tb« eitnb ui ilif^di- 

mtioD <if tliv u']iiiLiur, bi^iii^ outf-bjdf abnvs tJw 
piJ/LJic of tbc oob'ptia and duc-lmlf bcJoir. u nib- 
jcctai to tlw? fttlion tf GiP ni\aj fortw» (ba t«A* 
dM)<!yof whii^h u to make Ijiia na^ Earn on t^ 
Lltic of i\M iutciKi-lJoii with tbo cdJiitic,«o aa 
ultiiuatriy U- fiiinr-jdt^ wjib Um |jUne (vf that 
cirdo- T1ii« wuuKI bavif bappcoicd long sum if 
tbi; coftb bod not tui^iod oD ila axM Tb« ctfcct 
of tha mtAllcm of tbir ii|kbcjoldal nr^g from waic 
to aaal, at th* aariiD tiirio UiAt it u drawn ikwn 
towifdA l3i« I'lMifi of tbo odiptJCf b to j*mHrrt 
Cbti lEU-JijuiLiiii] of tbrtnii Vv/ii ]ilan«» uurbangnl. 
biit lo m^tko their intvmcction turivo in a din^ 
t4DDop]»9itetotJutof tlicdiuruid rotation, tlot 
ia, finiii pjut to Iiin9t, nr ixirjli vy to iho onlar <d 
tbo sijtTia; lU" appftkTAd lo to Ilia |«itl o! tlw 
tdoct diinto Lli«uH>Oil'Antljait[ou,nnd 4^/ Caliw 
nttntctioii of tlw «Uil Hov NHVton obtaiAod 
tb«*o irambcra do«< not appMin hui dhta mtttt 
BCOTOsXj floffldont for t}]c purpose; jot aa hii 



I 



fn Bfl lua H 



PHV3ICAT. fiClKXfX 



XXV 11 



nnilu on correct, tlio pro1>n1»]U,Y tt ihnt Iw wju 

htv r>A(tfitit 'ni4i HnliJMit vfHM raritftlirMk Jit Ih? 
intwrai t>f n owituiy b/ the exoilioii' of Ll 
j:nnK« mul Lapiioe, 

Nrvbon next tamed hii itteatXon ta tha ptio- 
ncduvQA of Uio tidu, tbo dvpcniUnfo of whjdi en 
ibe MiD nnil ujuuu vm nuffiijiiuilljr i-Iivjiaih Ui 
oamTnon DhfvrvTtt.liin, TliAt, fhrt mcvm Il^h rhri* 
irrwfttwil «|ftf?t in iirodumn^ th« tMc lacvid^c 
rnan thin, diat luel ^otct nlftajv oooun at ^ 
jiJuiv umlHj fit tlifr time irhen tho mMn in tn 
th««un« nuTUlion, fu^ tlint tlic drul^ reUtUa 

lioa nf tfan innoiv In hvr Jmrnal Ti«T<if(itfmi, It 
lA O^QitUf STlilont tkit t}io Hiin u pcnoffrnftd in 
thv tulr^ 114 tlie la;jht»i tidn bnppPLi nhvLj ihe 
miDr iuooD, and cjirtli ftn? aH tfaTw in n RtmJ^t 
lino, and tho lovfot tidec vrhcA Uic liac drawn 
from iIjc Aun uid moon to tke curth moke tijfUt 

AM^Cf with CJlPjl OllltT- 

miod iLr F.^rtJj art ueu-i.v in kXk condition cf a 
HilrlHtti iTvnJvin^ iJ^rjiit in |iniQU7» nnd lUble 
1c the Mine kind of duitHrl>anflo from O llurd 
Imdy^ Hiith watTL' Hltfa_v> ttS^is jtbuv Jii tJii; 
lnTKJ Ujih^fH whi*ti> ».lif> niivin la^ And ii; thfl ot>» 

at tli« mwv lijiJi.'. Nvw if tim ju'tiou (if thv 
mocoi iliiitiirb tint if-piilibriiini r»f Iho rrocnii, Ju»t 
All Ihe ftiction of onfl plftiiot dintuptji tlic motion 
of JK utdhTc moviuK j^Jifiul Hiiudji-i. iki'm in 
•Tartly what niJ^hi Im cijift'iflrl. It hail lw<iii 
liroteit that tlic inrvibf whrii m ^Ntiijiturtif^n 
with thn »gn> tuw hi^r ^iu\it«tii>]] to tlie KirtL 
Jiroiniahrdj atirl wYktii in i^apiHiliun (j-M.lir vin, 
luui it diminiabrd vcrv iioii'Iv by tbo sunc 
i|iiajitJty. Foi at llii: ucw'iaouu tin.' jih-vjii jh 
drTLwn in Uifi win morr^ thftn thn Aivrth to, and 
at lim fa]l-nj4>tiii tUu tijirifa in drawn t^i tlw*im 
moiQ tluin Uic □ii?ini ia. mid ucAfLy lij tlie dudv 
qniint>tv: ih>* ivlalivi* riiDtSiin of thi* Ivn Itodiffl 
>• tlit^i'cfttrc affcotod tfip wimo ^var !□ lioth rsutn, 
Aitil tliv }j:iE^ivitv of the laoon to tho torUi in in 

||4th aUUt4 ]«»I^TI4V1. 

'Vint action of tiLo moon on ihc watam of Ui« 
DCuui muvt tir nv^djtl'^I lij llir iwniu priimipla 
In till? hrndHjiherv >vb?rv tlie timciti ii* f h« wnteji 
Arc more dntwn Ut tbo miKiti Uijui the iNirth ut 
ami iCa ginfity bt-ing IffiMned^ the coJumu t> 
wnnlii the tULddli? of tlm h^miiiphero lengthena 
in ooTjaoiiiiOEkOQ of tbe pr-^^uro ot tin; VJiLtom 
wbioli aic at a diKt4.r:Li:e fnnii tlir [nidilLo ]H>iLLt, 
t4 whirh the u(«i;;hr. Eh ]«<- diuiiTiiHliui. or.if fbo 
hoffUMk o^'»n iniTiiPHhi, Jn Hit ojipi^ftito h<>nji 
^ifcrre tbe mr(h in moiv dinuji tu the mcHjii 
thui tin? VAtn^. :iTid tUoir ivljitivo tc^dmrim 
iiro ebingod in tbu cunc dincrtioiif ind nnr]}- 
Iry ilm tame qoAntltj. 



Thc« attraction of the mm and moon connfjirir 
torlbVTiLe t^uMFuLciscif UiC' in^AH, wbKhnr thcM^ 
bimiiiann be it op^jofljliun or oonjoneliun. In 
both Qiaea this miLir ni)d hmixr tJittfl jU* a6\.Wi\ 
toatitlmr, and ihi* Uil« nt;Uinlly rkbHrrvwi U the 
ium ift l>atb. At tbo (tundratiirai thcve two 
tidcw are oppowl to one aiKitlju, ibt bi;:b- water 
"f lliu luiuur tide cdiEiddujg liiiLU <bn InW'Watrr 
of ibp lolnrtide^aod f^twfvd; «o tbattha tMu 
Mtuall^ observed i* the dtfTflrcQeo between tb'i 
two. 

Newtiiti bnd nadntA f<ir mciaftrinn^ fhi* liiunr 
forse itt prodndnjc tbv tW«i b«t a taiafWic for 
llw MiUr furxi, ui Lt JitttB ou iLt rawnr hiid bveii 
ohtatnAl. Il hull Mi-n «hi.iwn to be ^^tb of the 
tanx wbidi rptaiim tlie mooD in hcTorbit. Tbi<i 
\aoi ib tAitbof tbofurccflf giavit/at tliu •■aitli 'n 
BUffaw; and, tbertf oro, tho fonwwiUi wliii-h Uii. 
ouiL difltxtild tho inonn^a motion itt ^ >f t^aa of 
tiiiviLj ut ihi- mirtliV Burfftiw. Tbia iji Ibi? iwlftr 
divMirhJii^ fikn-i- mi fhf mrwtii, dkhmr, *iit Hcmr- 
diiuuaton from tbr «uib'« tvnti'c; biit on a Uxly 
oidy I BdQl-di^LEncber diE>ta4j,t fioni that ?enU« 
(tbatu,ont]]«witarof tUon^canJtJiciliaiiirhbi^ 
tore* will bovSvtf tuna lew, or onLj lai^igiDtli 
(ff Ifmvity at iha <vLi'[.b'« }iiura««. 

Now fhU hniiig tlw ui^ati form fif tha min, 
10 tJi^t by ^*lj|\-b it jwite iiji IJii? wnttn 1>0"dia- 
Uut fi<Jin tbt {HJiDt wbvre it lit vcrtiGtl, vrbrie 
it U ttdduil to gravify, nnd IviiiLt t^ iTin'Nviti tbo 
wci^fLt lUtd lower the level td the wntoi^ At 
till.' [HMiil ubciir ibb Mid ifl vi;rlijja] tJie fi.p]cr Ui 
tnhv lb« waWr la aboaTi ilotitb tbia; »rid tlii^ru- 
fi:4^ tbo whole fore* Undiu^ in Tiihvj tlkv IovqI 
of tilt bigh aboYB that of tbe low witci i^ llirw 
ttmr* tho pr^Prditig, fir nlHutt rn^»»rTt3<bnf gra- 
vity, Nowloii had ]iTmniily irhown that lb* 
amtrifjifttd furcr.junounting to ^Vnth of i^ravity, 
vua abia tfi raiu tho lavA of ihv tvtnti aIki^t 
IT milub 'lliiaouablcid himtooondudathat the 
tltfX'ali^n tif tb<j watvni |)r<>ducod by IIjp m>[ar 
fotre, wid funn* out |-»* KraWflh fiwL T<>*.rn a 
«cdnpnrin<)U of Ibo H|friji^ uid nc^kp tinliw, thnt 
jfl, uf Ujc aiun and iliHti-rnoe of thl^ lunur and 
■olar forP«» it npprfltH tlinl lhi» fcm.*!* of the 
inowi in to thjLt of tbo <'iu u i'4H to I. llvnc<« 
tbo vuum will raiw t)ic watcn G^Q^ FrcDdi 
fiB*t, innliirig tikj^fliiu" lOJr ftfftt, whidx a^jpop* 
protby^ vpll with wlutt lh obbetvui in tba tyyvn 
B«L at a dlntancv fiX'TD land. 

Fnmi i.hr fi»m? wbirb lb** nitmn **xerla f*n Ibo 
watore of tho ocenDt Newton i>i[ic]ndeil tbnt the 
t|iirjAtily<pf mailer m liieiuorm u, to thai in ihr 
<i;itth s* I to .i*»'7fl, or in niimd uumlin™, aa 1 
tn 10, lli> ffnind niao tlio density o| lia- tm-nm 
to the itrJiKity of tita rarth jut 1 1 Ui [}. 

Murli han Ihvii ilone ti^iOTi tho tlilm liy 
MDolduriu, Ib^moiilli, Kn lor, and lAfla^^o: bat 
tbo original drdudion of Nmton. of whkb an 




xxvui 



THB FBOOItBaS OF 



ilka Iu4 Judt bccu KiTCQ, will lie t'X eter inv- 
tnonbla^ 

Tlic t[iotion <if ooifUfiU still KAAiQod to bo di»' 
nuflKtJ, 'VUry Juul i>iil^ Latdy Iihii iiUcvd bo- 
vund ihv r^iijCt* iii ihn t^nh'A ntmcupbaro; but 
with rmpodl to llicir fnnti^nit rt*t™ii«nic«« wc*w 
nul ii^iwJ. K«[i[cr lliud^lii iIulI llir-y nj<jviiJ 
in ■liTught liiim, CnMiiii ihiit ihct tnoveil in t?i* 
plium cf gKat oirdoLi, liiit witli little piin^turv. 
Htnvliud hjui alowu lliroutvAtrntof Uicir fath 
to hr itilfi'rtM^L Ln iljit«imt piiriji. nnil tii Ik- 

hnvui^f ita vt^tC'^X tn ttjul iwiut kwijwiI to hini 
iii }>? Ui'* linx in v)ijrl; flirt oiiTiofatinn'hVtl. N^v- 
U'H, Nititfic^l of tbc iJiiivi^mAtit^ of grfLviintiitii, 
lull no Jmifat tluil tko arbitd uf Uir pluJJcta wit 
Dnnu- mxlicTiji, Imviiigtlie Mini In otic of tttc fi>ci. 
1^ ourvc luight bff oix dliiHc^ a punbob. or a 
Jiyi>crl)uJa, iicuordJajjc Ui tlic iiliiLioii tvtwccii 
the fHm> itt j.mJfti^TJon :,}»{ i\w fnpiv IflndiHg i*^ 
iKw oiiUv- Am thu uccorjlrieily yi tli* ar^it in 
I'tQ' L[roa1, tluj [Hirtiuii M it ijint foil wiliiid «iit 
vi*^ ^viuUI m>t iliFJi-T iijmJi (jmhi a \uinil»A.\. 
TliurniiUrv-ltbvimtarilibtiuaof tJ»oonwt'«plwu, 
irl>ini the |x«ition of the orbit wu once ftRWr- 
tam4?<l. Eiioiv Kisy lluui tii tLuKiwuf Hit |ia,]iclJi, 
From i\in-f obstTvatiaiK rf thtf comet Iho p(«i- 
tioQ of tbc otbrl oMild bo dctcnnitied^ thcrufih 
lluT |{voiiJUlh(^ [mibloim wm oho of gntki illffi- 
onltf, Nwrtcoi £^v#» Mlutiouof U,uid it vut 
by UoB tlut Gib Ukott wha to be brDiiii^t to iho 
tot ot oxpa-iinmi- If ibe orbit lha> aJuiljituI 
ttiw br>t tbo tnio imid tho plncu ot tbo wmot 
caku3Al«d <in tlio «iiif[xKitivij lliiil il vusAiid 
ikki ttiWM3Hlir«ln|iutI ^^^'Lfl Jj; f^ptiil rSiiio xlirml 
Uu Man, ooahl luit ji|i*wt witli lUv pHciu" driiijillj' 
ob*crP«(l- Ncwloti fchiivfj, ]fy the <j*aiiif>lo Cff 
llw iQUULfkhUi* ivtuif I llwu (lrh)[>) « Liable, tbjit 
thii agnMnuot via M gTi»«t an oould Rftwciftblj 
bo «3Lp«cteii Uroa aiwUior iivoof wiu (E^vca lu 
«ojqKirt at Uic p[md[Jcof viUTOnnl gmvit&tiLiii. 
Wo hAT0 been IhiufwticiiUr m trvdnfr (Iid 
di*cov«rJea of Xowluii, IwcEuiu* ibv^ vooMituto 
Um Ofml Juanutnlilu, tliv iikaI ^lUMwful. (litf 
DiMt ilinWiTtf kiitl tliv nvdl miblituM ««t of iii' 
TivtigalMUtt wliioL IuhJ hitbvfto Umi atteioptccL 
IW UKiTv ^ dgcUitU! of u&ivcrBl fiiitvilatiaik 
hM bom iiLveAijKtai, Um tnnti< ftmJy hu ita 
Inilb lne&«rtabliab«d. £vcry iJiipit>vcm<mt in 
tba i|i£»i(aiiiuAl ckIcilJii* Urn* K>^^J Judllititui- 
dcbiu (if tbABxprBKlon muf lie jitmiitu^i)^ 
ttivwr K"i*p*f Uittinivsnt. Nvwoflnbiof tLo 
PMihal Ktiva iif tho pLuetovB vdioHwr bAirc 
bMnd«l*PU«]: bill fcll ju^nHin^TDnt hinnoni- 
OQilj, or nthrr trvnltiiu; u n uoOBMwy ootiBfr- 
qilouoa *4 tlw Uw uf uuiittwJ ^inviuitiixi, m 
Iftid iiown ami Ini-vCi^autl b/ Nuwton. Ko 

OtfcMildputtEMlltvf MUtlMOim boOOIApUtti to 

lliii^ iw %Ahac hnnth v( buuuui kiu^vlad^ emu 



btf hpfviitttl wbicb in builb ou a fvunUatiuii >o 
rirm thftl rtrry Minw 1 iiij; tiivi«:i^k1iAn kth 
urrcd o&Ly^ torviidcr it isoivvNttiv. Xouliitc 
ihe*>rj i:4» be cibibltaj w pej-it^ct tLat cvtry 
miiiutf* fniTl miflit b? dMiicni a priori U ■ coti' 
MquQUOO \St It; oiiJ ^vliiiJi (locM nat Mnwu * 
htniftn [tUi^riutnrmui wiiliiii tW wLf^To miiEw uf 
Ihrt Hi-it^TLii< th^iF, Ih TiuT. irii-r'vily li^it- iiirraixitd^Til 
vritli i1, but %v^9iLch ibMQcit<ilr«otly flowfriMa iL 
Tbc Piincipiii A|f]wa»d in ItibT, lUid tbedot- 
tniin wiui?h they ouhtitincil vttrt immalintrty 
cmbmoxl Ly Uid fliuail uumLir cf HritUh too- 

tllUllLAlJdiUlH "i^IjU Hi'lil ^bli; Uj ]1Vl4 JklLit imil?T- 

fltAnii llmt iiiiTitiiT't,-.! wnrk. J^iii, r-i^ tlii^ l\intl. 
iiVDi it wiM tiiM^xj hi fimt with rit^^v:!, urVrl :iii 
iiulidtrrcncv lionl^riiit' ou (>»uU-iupU Tbff uuly 
iiLntbemntioil coiu^ittrit'jr ihnt Ni*wtj]n h4d DA 
tUoOnktincat vu Loibniii. wLcL hiit dwciple* 
[icii3 BlAuudi mlUuiuitff tUp l«u Ddmuallu. Tbc 
ijiirariorr napf^Un^ lliAoHginiU diiMiTwirr of tbc 
fliixiKft'i-ry i?jdi.-iilii<i WHM uot yat ii^itJLt<tl. Vtt 
Uxo Genuau matbmnttiicuuia do uut wtonx to hum 
■jivpin tli«inseliiii tJw traable of making tlMm* 
iwIth iDUrton cf the Pritu^ipict. Thu (MLntioii* 
modoof iuVftitisftticiowKicliKt^toii had Adopted 

vlio TM tonJ ol uiotflphy»ii?a, and m (hj habit 
^f Lijir>IuCLa]{ tUuiii i[itu iiirjnt L>f hin i»>c3i|j|ih- 

IV' li' '■, 'I !' Il 'l.l 



< Eliat puriod pivdtioni 

L.iiji'i-iTi\ oiTiiit; iotbi-' 

' III: I l\l. OOlUcL not ill 

:* vvtry whi-iv 

. 1 -, -.^ Jni-li :l l»aa tlrt' 

hs.^, r1.li IL tlImI rfub\i*K, 

Ui cuabi? thcln to 

tfcr 



fctflcritl^ OfctO of hvT ■ I II I 

tb/kt liiuo 1. .i : ..f : ■ t ^■ 

'Hm r-bil.. ■;■ J . . . 

JtlKV^llnill ; :UJi] 1::-. «ii iKi^, 

I'bjOl'l i"f til*> iVll|L'h|.|> l.hs.-L, 

ir^rc too dcAt to Hii- Fii:ijcli 
Judge of the i]Lv.-[.Ti|M-i of Ncwluii M-Hb 
TQquuit<> impftiliijily. Actfonlinftl^v 'Ip- 
UAtkoniAlicifLa *\%M vnitiimt pnlJidr i.<j <i' u n<J 
tbc diHrtiJnn lit Newt^u w:ih M:iu|i«rtuU lii 
tbo yaar tTlItt h# ]iiihlj*hui n ixiitk, ui «'biclj I* 

uut«B Aud Nrivtt^L, and. nbij-Vp'td tbi- rupcHoHtf 
of iht latti^r; Foi^totit'iro) howctvr, in hit Ktog* 
«f Nowton. iiutri^ct in ilic M^iuuitcA of tl>o 
Arwicutjr fir 17S7, ailiTitt* tW Jnf^niu* m^Kt nf 
tho l'niici]iiAf ftud iilnlAi Uifi finitoiml tbcfut of 
ailniiraliAii vhji'h,nfK( jl ioos^ ii\iemd of jvant) 
vru nn^l fniiu cvury coiiutiy iii lU jinbA 
But iicHliia^ panfonnabla to 1L« NcvtonuK 
priDcipIc hAd nt thnt pcritd appoutd m FVanee; 
wc iim|rf*cl, iiidrv], that «o might My ibat 
nothing '.TaifanDbblu to it Imd cppwad m 
^rof>c. 

It 1* airioui, nhI ooDfifbuttti imi a IiLIIm to 
Imd lu icto tb« «JiAnv*{«r nf otir liT^ly ntugb- 
bount that tho f£mit ii|>«rtl<i ot Ncwtcti ut 
Fnuin, tlin ;Mr7uu vbu mutnbutal m»t ta 



I 



rilVSICAL SCIEKCU 



X<tU 



mukt hid opioiciu knoivn iifl'ttdo^M, wu 

i^ontoaollo contlnnail ft Uirtflaiui to Uu* «iul 
of liiH davB. Cftnini &11H Mimidi •oem to hjtro 
bM& quEi# uennjumutni viih thu Newioniui 
i^vtaaif bihI oontifjacd th« moat ii^« ud 
OEAjLpiuTT hypotbdu fi^r uIcolaCittjE Hit pntlu 
of oapiDt*^ aSu-T Uillt-y hud COmpllWd XMCA 
fmn which th« nkotions ot all tha ooinoti that 
)uA ov«r ^ifioM«J, or ever cculi ap^icftr, mi^ 
baciuUydcthicvil, 

W« mvM now prooMtl l« nolicv thv Trnit 
nnportaiit Lui^itidLA vhidi have li;>:ii til:"1« (<i 
AMnmom/ lilue lUi? ipivjtmDcM: cf the PriiJ- 

L T'A* Ahtrratt^n 0/ CAtf FUeU SKirt. — Dt* 
Brntltfly Hiict Mdliiiffui, in tfiv '<[ii1 of Uic jnu.- 
I7IS, vr*rv Mtu)ii«^ in ttinnliiTig far tl]« |iai^- 
Iax of U]« fiscd rton br mcaoB of a Efinith 
vetdT whicb ira* pretted nt Kuw, It wmi 
of gnat diAia<!itcr, ind fTiniiiho) \ritb n tpl<s 
■eopc 21 feet Lmg, with which tti^y pra- 
pOMid to obMrv« tlia tianalto of ^Xnn nma l-bi.- 
ttnith, ■Pttirliiifl: til ft Tricthrii! fimi niggcslwl 
Ly Elonkf, vhI ]jiiniiml 1>v liim ai far u ta tri- 
due? liiui to Ihiuk UliI ]\v tiAi) acLualJ/ diq- 
Covtfed tbo punllnx nf y rirJtrt^ii*j 'h** hri^liT. 
■liur in thn head of the L^mp'^i], on wli^:li ha 
UUhIc liU olaort Hitimui. Tliey Lti^ui t* oWrve 
tli# tnuuLU of tbo kxmo itAT du the ;kl of Itc- 
fltfnbcTi v-h<;a liio iiUtaiic4^ from tlie i^.'niUi at 
whidi it )nsEd vrais UMrfullj lUJLrki;^!- hy llm 
obwrrttioik* of thv fotlowiii^ il^iVH iliv vUr 
■MBfttiJ U> be moviikg noutli ; DJid nbout the bc- 
giuDiDir of M!ircli Lij lh« foltawiog yciLf it had 
got 9:r to th« Aduth, nud vu then tmrly 
■tiklioD*:7< In tb« U^nuiti)^ of June it hod 
eume )xidk to Um «iiii« siltuititru wlici^ it ^.1^ 
fifvt obimvd; niid tfum Uiertce it eontmiioJ )Ih 
molioa Dortbv^fkrdA till Sqjtiniib«r| vbva it wrut 
About SO* noiiU fium wbirtv it vm tot cceu; 
llf whole dMliiulioD iLmounting to 40". 

fhkt motion niTpmcd the obaarrcn a good 
dtol, n» it ]ay tlir ujiitnry ^ay to vbitt it 
would luvir doiiu U^\ It |ipo(wulod from th'> 
p ft f ^^■ of thu itAT, But tiiu ri'£tfliti<fii of Ui'i 
<it«cmUj<mH pn^vixJ thvLrzHx-iii4t7. ll^t.v wciv 
Aftorvijidi ooiiTiriii4«t hy Bnullm' wirli nnoilKr 
MSler of nmiller wdiuB, but largt raiongt for 
tJw piLTfiOH; whidi tmbntccd a Ini^r tti^%^ 
and ftdnilitAd tho nhHrvntion of atsin vhieh 
]«M4hI t.i a s^^u,Ut dutanco trrttt tho E^iitli. 
E«Tii ivjlh lliu additiou iJiri i/tjRi.-(-v;Ltki]m rlut 
not put itn>ll'^ ill ^fiwAHuin itf Ilii> i^rtrnjilr-h* 
fiwl Tbcy oaiy ga^ him tho ot^'tion of Moh 
hUj jn dt!£lic0Uoa> Ijut not iu n^ht AtittiuiuQ, 

AfUr orawidcring the nibjert ^Hlh Uio ffToflt- 
•M atUnlicu, and CTdudiuj; all thow tiau«» 
v^kii «vn» iuiidv)UntQ Ui in'udui^ llii; vlTi^ct* It 



ocCTTTod to litn tliAt tho ftpF^irent tiioti«ii« 
mlglit bo prodawtl fnun thfi pmtjMBivp motion 
of llglit, eoaibiuwl wiUi thu motion of iha OATtli 
in jt» <^Ut. If tho «<krth wi«rr nl itB<t, it \tt 
ffvitterjt ttiJLt A ttdracofie to admit & mjr i>f li^bl 
from a ¥tar to pnM iJung lU juuh, mul h* 
dittelcd to the itta iiAclf. But if tho OArth 
(And of coQiie the irifwopc) Iji^ ill (nodozi, tt 
mnwt bo jndiaal forvard, ao ii^ tc ba m tbo dl- 
■DloiirJ of 4 fiuidlclogmni, tUo etilLs of #liicL r«- 
pntfunt Cho motion of tlio uu-tL :ujd t]i4> niotJon 
of hghl, or in lh& dinction. i>f IIii«a> inolioiw, 
and in tbo intio of th«ir vvti>^titw. It id vith 
the LctlmwjKt juit tu viitli tho tuCL* it the Qrjnut- 
h(^Ad of ■ ahi-p. Whou tha ibip u at anchor 
the vaac uJid vxActlj tbfi diiiKtiun i>f the 
wind; Imt whirn tho vlilji U unJtir woi^b it 
plACH ItMdf in Elm tllAjpau^ of a [mnUli'lttfCRun, 
of wbk^b one nidv ri»]>rcft«ntrt Uio rolocitj of tbe 
Bhipi Eiiid Lht* fdher the velodij of lb>- nliLJ. 

Ttir*U*leiTOpo,theiftfi>fe,tlir>iigh whir'h d. Htai 
is viewed, and by the uio of wlikh tbe poai- 
tloci uf tlic HtAT is d«lGnjuiiixl, jutjvt lunk* un 
MigU- with the HtTtiight line drawn to iho athv^, 
except ^hen the «nri1i muv-ce riirvrllv to the 
Vint, oi'diirctt/ fiTMii iu HoTitt h r.ilbrtu ihiL 

if ibi* Ktiir llf" IT1 1-hp imlnrtf tbri'i-liplii*, 111** Ml*- 
DOojie must hr |ioiiitcd Tirwardi) in llit dinvticn 
of Lhe cai"th'i laotiou, nli^j^n hv ihtiiiacan^oi 
■0 that tbo ator trouM he n>vn oai of iti tntd 
pliu%; liy thjit uhjflCt txini v^iuhl ikpficAr to do- 
huribv a iiitvlv roiDid tliii jxjir i>r tbv nliptii^ tb« 
nultiwof which aiibt^ndtfd atlhfi^iTth anAU^]«i, 
of whidi tho sine 10 to nnily o* the? vduoity of 
the axi'ih to die Tctocity of ligbl^ 

TliHc vdocJtia Bndler took at 1 to 10^13^ 
vi ni'at utiibLhle to bii a^uLrvationn, vhicli 
iifiulv iIk^ riiliijn of Uifl cln^»r 'A nl't^riatitTi £0*, 
biid Lhri tmnavf^* mii of th*- dlJijn^, rv tJia 
ivholi* dwlJl)^* of place. 40*. U »iW th<* whurUrr 
axil uhJLb BrndTry bud octuidly ullw^Y(^d hi 
iho cLv of y Drneoni*, that atu- he^nfj iipiy 
(iGor Iho loliiltlial e<Jiirc« » that iti eLaiEg;« of 
d^iimtli^d and of Ijttitialu ojc mIii-ilaI tliu mum. 

1^ ±hov Ilw* tn\lU of litj thmry he mmputori 
llio id^nratiou 1:^ dilftnirit Jthim, mid 00 (Om- 
|iaiiji[r tbe rwiLtfl with ol>?vrviiiioti tiui coluci- 
dpn^v npprared almoat j>crfnrl, fai tb:it no doubt 
ivmaiucd concomieg the tmtli nf 1hi> pnnet|]l£> 
im vliidi Ijit liad fnuxidcd hi* calculutions, Ht 
dkl not eipbin Ihr nil» tlieiEivlvrv. Clmruit 
publwhn-l Uiii lir^t invuetijutiun of them in die 
Mfiiirfira <if tJi** Ai!rtJrmy cf 3dcu<ei for 1737- 
f<inifi>nn aim jziivp a dc^Tnorurlntllon of them In 
biv Kouvyx, puNiHbMl in 1740. 

t. Fi^re !>/ t/tit (flijy/^— Nmtuo, fn.»tij lh« 
ttoory of iiniTi^iKd ^viUklion. fi^ul Khowri thAt 
(he flguTO of thci ^orth vrns an oblbto >]dieroid, 
lUtteucd at the p(i]c»- £ut the tL'i£onolnc:t^i1^J 



XXX 



THK PIlO(;RHa3 0? 



liiMiiiiiiiiiiiil of Pmuotb bvji^iu \fy J^unrri in 
167&. and fLnbhol by Qumi iit 1710. IrtI W u 
diHttrodt l^^o]u■iaa^ For the dcgti-L^ on tTin k, 
of FWUv instcAi) of IvD^tboninf;, u cii;;ht to 
Iavv Ikvii thv itiMT auccuiifug to NowLou'ii 
UlMTy, Wifni *h(irt*r ly *b(Hit jj^tli part than 
thiiAti li: thiv ft. of thjil <n|itt/J' Tliui iiiditfilod 
liiu itUiiititar uf Uhj uhtIIi tluviiifU tliv ixiLh 
I'^TigSr th;iD tha cquntwihl f1 iEiruif br, in Ui*a jmv 
portion of 9G to 9^ Tliu ^nui Uu[ U<>Ui of by 
Uio CWteuoiit iu tliclr ruiBuLUiij;ii u^luaI Ujs 
Nirt«roUn pliilMophy. 

A douk, Ukdo l>r llralmm, bA^'iii^ bvcn oar 
fJeii Mvi lo JAIuaiui |JL irS- Iry Oiliii CuuplfdL 
VMMOMlAinNl bj AMroiinni KVil ulrwi-vi^UrpTiAAt 
tlio EUook l{tv(«r, ID Int. l^' (uUi^\riTi|£ Ur Uji^ 

UflaClKD of halt Ul lllQ (VUc1tJl]JJl)t Iu )£Q 1' &&" 

owty dny jOawcr tlian in IjniuToii. Bnulfcy 
foood tlftikt (liU vntifttiou uHcd«l nb&t voubl 
•till Uio GifiUif i3tk<ulabc<l by NuwtoLi. Hv, 
Ihwfifor^ RiK|>»vlA[l aoTTM^iltmliJiiilon at jnirlff 
£u thv «(|iiAtoruJ nffUmiL but tlu> nubMiqui^nt 
uivntigBticius «f Mo'^IjiuHei dv'muLvLtaUd thi- 
nmamo; e^ the NcwtaaJim oi.i»c]ittii}i]>i. Tlip 
iVondi trianjiuUtion boki^ r»uiDe>d in lT'JO,fit] 
«Rvr VTJM tlvlvcUj ill lliQ Dicaftiiroiucut U the 
liafv^ mhI nni^diAr not Irtvi onniildemMn in ilw 
ob»nin':iUini (if tikv Tiiuridi'iEuJ ttt*^ But tlm 
work vv ugt (uxuimitcd till tlw ywu' 1754, In 
tbtt tXteat of Vkhas-O » Joyrw-i tHi-ir ]i<ngi,}iw 
■ppca»d rojcntftrly to i&crcwo 6^)0) Pr^rpigoon 
to Dunkirk by nbLiLiLf^tli pftit, iJiAikiug vb- 
Tfoiulj tM o>iUt«n«M of UiB HpheroUI- 

CimdlAmiDe* ia tbo yuiu- 1733, iii>e^1 tli« Ao&- 
tlvmy «i &'irnon t<> trdJ 4 party Ut luiwiarv a 
d«^reeiuiclcrlKvrqiiJLl'ir, Tli^i Anulmiymlnplfll 
llw prvjcot with Mftl, nud wtiv lucky en'^iij^ to 
obLxiu the oattounrcnoe and «uppgjt of guvoni- 
mont Jb Hnj, IT3a, the (UJtdomiclAaii Coc- 
4jjUDi&«,fioofiior,afid Uoduukiilod fipom fiodiotbt 
(0 ^vtt, w>taro tboy nro joiuod hj Juan vul 
Ullna, two rutinl ofllnnrK dopnUil Tnr th* KInji 
«< Sjuin. In tho luujith of July, 17:1'!. tlivy mot 
«t QuiU^ under tUo Luic. TLcy diovw a mUoy 
<tf the CV»nlillm«, rannlng ntwut aK)U mUw 
ttmlhwuda from ttui city, utd indcwd oA both 
oiJa by tlw 1<iti«at iniigot of tha Ai^Oh 
Dirlrifd Isto two ooIb, (biry carrlrtl a imrii^ <jF 
fritn|1a> nl«^ tba lUtikii uid n^riiiuiu <if ihivf* 
nynU'T^*! uid connoctod thviu with the bodc 
Vmnn below. Th« tiuk wu pfmlinrly Jinlii- 
«|||i^ owing to Ui« Mvcrity of tho duarttc, \nJ 
the tvUl vnot of acoommodaliiai^ Bat cijfht 
jnm «f ifid«CttJ0iUo Induiitry cnalilal xlumt tf > 
flaWi tho mcaiuTwmacit aftidjifB*d to tliom. Iinu- 
fuor, ttio moot tmlnsit of tinm ftll, i^ave A o>m- 
pbl* BurMiv* of all Uwir ■ntni>uii <i|wn»Uwv 
in hia IVMtiM on tho Ftgorv ri tht Ijirth, not 
puUifhodtiU 17-19; ADiioncof the moot Bdci]- 



tiRo vorkft thnt hu ovgr ftp^wuvii- He ooo- 
dudvd Uiab tlio ourJi b uol only nii ubl^JiO Kpht^- 
nifi, tot M> «nwid*nihly fliat#fif*l m tn lutv** it* 
HtuAtoriol diucctcr t> it4 ^m un L70 to 17& 

Mouiwhilo Moi^jci'tuid prrvailod va tbo 
French miniirt->r, Miinrciu*, to dcupntch nnother 
^n)|>]U^y, yr\iiiih ha roluct^uitly oonAonUd to load, 
fur A tiliuii.v |iiii|HW(:, U> till; AE'clic uErdv^. T^v 
^iA]tn''iAt4« iif ^f^ll]flr<rllM4 wT-m iMiiiirtif'r^l'jiiiinK, 
C>ithiari &Ti'l CJruVuiit, by ffkr tlic moet ciDijamt 
of tLnm oIK Tbey iutlvinI iu 3tockhi>Ua la 
Jui^i', 17II(>, and wen.- jomi>d by Crbiiiii^ iho pm. 
fnoorof MtrooonayettUjiuJn, wbo bod broiij{ht 
froiaLonJotiQiiLliJun'j »![jit]i jux'tcc jujiI Inuuil 
iTutnim*rniA Thi-y |ir^H>"i*jl»'Li i" tb- ImtrjHii of 
thfiCiuIf ol l£olJmm| MLiL w>luotcd TcmcoM their 
l>ririci|ijji bUtli-^n. Th«r trUu^flot tsto&d^l 
from t)iia Uiwn lo Rittin, \ dutnncr of about W 
mils. TLd vholc voA tinubcd m little won 
thoa o year ; &jjd the k-n^^tli i>f u de^tw uf Uti- 
Itide ftt the ntriic? c-in^lo wiw ff^inrl t'> fiA A7,4i:t 
toiooi, 07 34tt toiftf* lon^r tluiit tbv i;tirmpdnd- 
in^ uoMuroiutful at PariiL TIiib ^vd the JoUu 
Lif 1 76 to 17H lo ihfl ]>nbir nurl i*c|ii.-LtoriBl din* 
ui0l«n»- vn-ty nowly flgrcomg wiUi tKo num 
KKttiiuii'o opccittioiu uftoi'vvjmU pcLforuiBd iu 
Pent. 

ftut thia *rctiiJ truLiif^iLlnticn Itt^Ka^ tridont 
mm k* <jf Ijimtf , bcCi^iJiid eii^pocttd of iuJU?cUncy: 
runl nL til" HUgi^wfiitn of Mi^bindui^iielui, the 
ISn-nliiOh Aoultiuy. aboat tlt« bc^iuniitx of tlio 
pvocDt cd^tury, tcut Svuilnrijf, willi |tro|ivr 
uidttiuitii, la miamo tho opantioniL Tlivy not 
ooly roctiAod tho fonoor obMrvAtuiivi, but <»* 
ii«tl Lbf nitiuuniuient nbout 4fi inUcB futher 9. 
Tt vu rli'lnrniiEird f.bar tho length of A dcgtoe 
in lApland ifl only A7^.£09 toiiicd. Tlitis cvoi- 
|Nirnd nilb Canoiiu'i lociuiiixjiLrut in Fmun^. 
ivdii«e lh<i ohtnlonon to t^gth of tho azM, 
CoiD[HLrui42 ibo ruuiuiurvuKiLlM in lAp^AAd Mnl 
Pmi, w« obUin tL« ratio of 30t to 3ai for Uie 
ArpiitUriii] ami polar dianivteix 

Other mciuHiivoiQtitB wen lando ftl tli« CUpO 
of Good Ilopi?, In the PaiNkl tcititorifv* iu J^' 
l&nd, and in the KdAt Indico, bnt lu tlioy hatr 
uoteorr^d to dimjuiidi bul rather to inoroBethc 
uioinnliDji, W9 need iot notJL'e llwiu Lore The 
luiLVPrliNff [ii>iHfiiiiini of Oiptiiin Kjiter, which 
Lw tn^ viiry Hnii;^JLUti voald funutb ajt it^-nti- 
»b]e flLuiJarit of I!dcU loowurr. Lah Imui oJ»> 
OETFjJ^yol im n inmruc of dnhiHng tho tgnntM 
the nutk J^ut the roAulta vaiy not laao than 
tliOBc ubuiitfi] 1>y ti'iuiiii^miotriiavl inroount&Cttt- 
Mr, (vary, friiiii itiTitfi^l iiTAriiimrupii t>f all ILp 
djUa, hju nohcliiifvil tbo 4llrpti<*ity lo be ,itUi. 
In tluH dvrUioii, from tha coiitfuiuui&le uiatbo* 
matioU itill of tho author of i% vontn difpotJ 
tooomddo. 

3» AyptiiMtiun of tnaCAfjaaXi^ t9 ORk'cwkrtr «tf 



I 



i:cwBCHi m H 



PHYSICAL SCIENCE. 



XXX\ 



stfttfim. The &irt ponon vho lui|vov(m1 
'«wbcvuD iheory of ihe moon vaa CoImi- 
dKni, fTvtamar of Enatlu^ciuitim in (>i<[h^ji, whit 
lapomiQDdtd tlw prmticg of tlic Joniita' oop^ 
ol Uie F^ftdpU in 1730 icul 174S, II« inrcsti- 
Ifitnl, liy A <llr«0t ninUiod, Ota ))Hnd|iU Imuu: 
tfqinlioiJH, urid LLk4VL«« ihs amiiJlAT invqujilltioa 
whJdi Npwtim had l«ft iinilt[aoi»1j^it«iL Hu 
n<vi>vil l-liT:^ iiitvaLiji^ntXtJa of thif iwilUni "i lint 
ApiuiM; Ijhit hw r^Llt^iiUiioii* only gnv« lirJf tlii> 
^puutitj dorirftl from obtciVAti^n. Dr. Mat- 

tlMW fitniul, p j rf w or of iiuLtlieiuaLiui iti Edin- 
burgh, duooToMd lb* trU4 motion of Llic line of 

Aiiiiii)lT-4f,Wa]r<i«Hiii7|jrv)iluc«tl & i:urniL-t luj;!- 
ijtitMi iuvifMiighLiQu at ItM tnoUoti at tli# liiiiri.i- 
apogM, vhioti he flxtoiidod, and ocmplotui in 
17M 

CUimut begjLQ bii iiivnttgaUoitJ of the I'lnur 
tliAory i^b 174^, At tot to vu Uktufiixl with 
naraly ulitiyiu^ Ihti NiswlituiAii jircio^urc, ami 
OOATorltn^ It mt4> 3nnljtlc«l dpTnulorui ; hiil 

bo iFRVluxllj' piUcllwl llM ]1]V(vtl||n;itiuJlH fjiTlWr, 

LLud iu IT-IT oiiupriiKtl all Ibu AuL/ut^iu^tv uilk 
tlonvvf tbv moAD mmUr tlio fnniniiH^jyhfrnl |m> 
blom of th« fA'^ii ^^ifl. Hut aitor pi^xlitrioi-ia 
labour, lui n^latiDU aai^i?! hr ibe voi latimL ciJ 
th» liiEiu Bpt^™ only hjili thn mmNiro »tnh- 
IUhc\l l>y olMorvnCion, Eulcr uid D'Ali^uitrtK 
airnctl uL HHiiiijUi i>jije;1iimmu hKhjC Um (Latiir- 
tini? f ImruiiL riwitntHl thn Hiihjiv^. xiiiJ, affi-r 
iltarcditila loboor, &blaJjit.*d a rcinilt vhioh nc- 
oonUd abno»t pvHvctlj with obMnvfttiou, Ajjd 
IhiH MnArtned thr^iimidelriVDf gravity, ns liud 
Jf>wu lij Ncwlon. The kiiowlodge ^ Uiit reeiJl 
iuilu(;<:il Ciiki ti' iwiiui' hU tuvcfLijjiLlitfLiA, Ajjd 
b^ qniti' 4i!iiTiHn>TkL pmo/iinre he:hl9i> ohuio^l 
tbd \n0 vonAiiiiu of th«] luau' A[>i;pgw.<- D'ALiiri- 
beli piubcd bU aJvulnLiou* fltill ^Lbcr, nud 
tpprW^edHtLlI Deairr tb<< nf^nU iif iiWrvntinn, 
niw tho Iftw of ottnKitioiL %-aA for fiVcr oaUth- 
liahnl vii ibo tocrnc haoB of umtbcioaUorLl Ul^' 

Thu ^iit jMliitt boinj{ hUtttOll, IDAthdllDLti- 

0dt Itwiofvlv*.? vitli ciL^rticM to iiupruvf? 
itbblonAT lihlix, vliit'b vif nl>vi<tnk|y <if mirh 
impoftftain for finding Hit lun^itudo cit nn,. 
Clunut bealowcd iutumt appljc-ition oix Qa- 
•abjed, luid pmlucsd a f<L?t oi hmur tjiblw, diu- 
Uii||;iii«bod by thvir nuporioi' nccunioy, Eulvi' 
tlctvtnl Uj Iho Aaiui^ t«jJi tho whole uf hia uii- 
ritnllMl n]Lnl^tii%] JiLit!, iSi^t Mji,J''lt w:ia t}iH 
hftroiiolU4>r whci djj<tLiijfm>dn^J lhiti>4ulf nuwl in 
tbU important iii^iVAticnlioi^p £I« liarl becaap- 
potlKffd dinrfUirnf tbr- o^vervntory uf Gottiugi^r] 
in t7li« Uid Lkbaurod witb «o much mtaruity 
ibjkt lie ■hortcmcd lua dftya. Ho dorircd Uic 
•Jamntt of bii iTtnnr uldu fmm n dUninioTi nf 






rowvU htUu trvtii ihi^vT^, thtiu^li ht \trvtvmd 
tbo onaflfipiufiiit of Um rlvmentJ aditptcd by 
Kitbfr. Hfl trjwibt* flmi [v^Tmrn tint tan\A9ytn\ 
MuditionaJ oqufttioiu Ci> And tho trtie vidua of 
tbo oo-dEdcutA nU ubicfl vrc^ inttitoi itL 
tbc rSr^tti riifi'it Tra-TiHii^Lloi;H ; Mud n-fT^ir tin' riuHl. 

djii fwj Uh? iwUriiuiKC of tb« JVtrmi <J l>?ijp> 
Liid*- A L liifi <[«illi in 17Gi b*^ l»^ft Iwtf i>»piw^ 
grwfcUy iri]prm'«d,i:i])vnf wbiohbiint'niow trruw- 
mitl<^ to that 3^'Lcntiti^ body. Aficr pratriu*tnl 
dcUbRi-«tiL»ii the warn of £2(\ito VpU at huit 
iwiird*! to bui fiDiiIy, vitli a prcsmfct <4 £:i(ti\ 
U* Kiildrfoi'lija tx^vUrut fvrtJiEl^m^ But EUi'>thrr 
)iiiirv<i^iiil>t(.'U<L"py bAviii^ lH**tLiift4>r¥rHiiU|»r><' 
Hi]l(«iI, thv Konrd of lykiij^Iiuf* bMtowvrl ;ni 
aJditJonnl I'cwrhrd of X^OOf^, nt the iJubmco of 
Dr. >Ijuikvlyi](.v v/ho zmlovioly ujidiirtoolE the 
oditing (if thow tnbl« in the ytnr 177LI- 

Tlic iJfxt poiut to whioh umtbcimiiticiaitt 
diitx'Lcd thuir Liltciitluu vrii4 Uic innwUjciLtioii uf 
thn i!L*t«rUing ]nrtnMitf*or mittnal |ii»rtcjrt>fiti(ifi» 
uf Cbii luj^mnd daajilt pItuiotjL Kukti in 17-17. 
«^t Ur Ibe Ai^julejiiji ut SdL'Jiojs a uitifit i[i£i-]ii< 
uiiH ni^-nii-pir <iii Jbr 'h'rfirigprnrnt of Sfttum'* 
iDotion, owwiotktd by the Biiparior attiiuniDU of 
Jupilcr, It wM uuw that he dlioovonii tlmi 
them piint reJiIly no kpcuIot mpatioiLn, btit thuL 
jLlldcvLntrojutfnim thercjfitki i^mmcni'niiCriclJ.v 
]ji-riudicHl) ;nv\ rutuju a1w:ijh iu thi; woui^ oJilc^t; 
F.hiiii^b Ki-^uintljvl Hi w>t nilcn'HiK, Hin Bnt in- 
v«ti;^tion wod mthcr loif^arfect; bat fuur ycuit 
lifter he p™dm?cd tnotbrv UiBcJvlAtwiii vhtih 
^.linpil the double pri/jc of the Ar^d>>my, H>> 
fuuud tluLt tlm mcuL ui'jtiotuk <if JupiUr nnd 
rifttiirn lur &iii»lly niibjiiul to A y*!iy nl^rt iut'twiftr 
iir diiniduti'^iirVbJrli Hll^tnuitHH, hrHwwvr. tn tbr 
IjifjflUfi 15,000 yoitn'. Mc etuncti the prizr* for 
1764 and 17D0j by bis Ikcoty of ibc ijuqu^Jlli™ 
in the i^finhV motion fuufo] by llic pUiniitiL Ha 
difioovond four unall uiGiiuUloa to rtanh firrni 
[Jii:Iroi!ntbiLvUatUiLClhinit,lhuiJ|j:bil wv 41^jlii^,^ 
fiQflsiWo, fcr Wftnl of ppoiwf d-iUi, t« nmijpi the 
prcciBd nnjiuiiii'w i-t Ibfsui :ibomiti(*TiH. He ovti- 
uintud Ibo jucnn pfognnigo of tbp nphi-I^t j^t 
1^' iiiuiiiii11y,niid tbedtminutio]] of thenblirpiiTy 
of tho opiiptie at ^Q" in a ocutury. Ho founii 
that the i-*ft:entiidtjce of tin: apheliu of Jupiter 
jinil Snliim afo prrioillisd, [inil t*uiDpIct« Ihclr 
^vda in thu apoi^ of liO^UOO ycfus 

Tlio aiiur ■uIpjcvI «a« dbcunsod Ijy Cliiinvtit 
ill 17>^7- Hy i^jj]ip.iriiig hU fumiiiln willi thi^i 
i^hjdffTvnliouH of J«jt4*ull«^ ha duUrruinuii von- 
Dtviriy tile inAwm of tliu prindpid p]iuid«i a^d 
showed Ihnl ihi^ ^rT«tf?*t offtvt of their iiix>ri- 
iDiilnt«d mfiuanoft in dorunging tho oLirth^^i mo- 
tion oi& «iii9imt only to About .\ miuutu, UU 
ntlrnnte of the flltraetlon of V*'juw hiw tiooTi 




aouv 



THK FKCIC3RESS OF 



ivcvlv foitml tlial t}w limnt rif lh« pUn^rULTY 
ppT&lvitit/n^ miiif xviuA tLi^ii' c^l^itA lo Ixi Hrcii- 
lar, IbI to iIh eujuv CDCicIudiuii. Hl< noi/i )m> 
<Md«d, with A vi«w to tfac lolutioii of llooke'i 
preblcui, to inqulrv vkit iLcii^ <iil>ii« luitit Lc, 
jni|:)iOiii||E Uin ivutE-E]vtHl tonv Ui \ifl invt/mi^ 
u lilt iv|iuir» of tl>v liifllioi'Xs ^ud lliA ifiitiul 
fiiro* to 1m AAy v]utcv<r> Ou tJus subject v« 
M toM xhnX he ^oifoiDl nhout a do^u at pru- 
poBJIioitt, probftbly thuu At tlio bcginniiig of 
ibe Priiieipirk 

Art«*r tU» noMi* r>pvniTi^ it h Vftry ":ir}iL btiiiu 
llk&l br cignm ilntppnl tlic» L|iv«*tigstic>E]^ md 
yi^B not miiiicviJ to taJcr it up apuji till HrTinU 
jraoti flfUiT. vhi^Ei Vi. Yla\]t^y |kiJiE bjiii n vuiL 
M Ouabniige, cmtl jirtr^utoil upon him to rciicw 
uiJ titoml bi> nsifArdiai. 

H* tljtsu fuuiHl Uui tlw> ihiTi« Ijkvn of Knjiliir 
«!• dbwt e<iaWquaii«M vS Ut4 ayAuta uf jfnLVi^ 
lAliciit, Ho etiowad tluit tLfV hU f#U»vi-J fnun 
Ibe IciT ilint the pbuiEU gnivitatc tu the hub 
with ft func invQivdv w tba i*quan of tho du- 
Uiioc<k It willed iiiiii^li io tliii uridcncc thct 
UiHobMrrtUaiiKif C^kwieiI hati |vaT*d th«>«nii* 
Iftwm ti> pnrtail anioti^ titi.- >j.Mlit«* of Jnpitor. 

Did the priadpla ^bich ar^iirora to miitc the 
fprtt Indfis nf iJi<" uuivi'fw jurt oaly ou tbow 
bodldaV liid tt mi'k [nt-rcly in tboir c«nUw^ 
or VM it ft tvnr wim^njii (<> a11 tlie fiortidftf of 
fnotOr It tvmiM bjiTt% In* tUmUtiul iJui tliU 
IcImLoSKT va* eoummii tf> all thm jNutit^ltit of 
mMt«r. For the centic* of die ^rwt bwiin h&d 
Tio ivapSTliai bnt thow di:<rL%'r«] fivnu tlw {vu> 
tk4«i di»lnba1*d ifermuml them. }ivt tbe quo- 
iHta ^liiiitu^ of b«Uiir lnvtitflit to A bcllcr tot 
iWi iiiiirv AlKLT3fl rmbmiri^- 11m iHHtJiw Ixt- 
tw«eiL vrbii^h tbU tanilviif^ tiad btmi obMl^wl 
Ut Uke pUt'T wre all toanii boJiev, Aud nearly 
gqilUiVfal, lUirl wbetlipr lur^'tf or kruJ], Oupy 
liiliiiii 10 jptTitcite t4>wMdH «JLcb olhir, ftooord- 
iBf to tl» ftftmo Uw. Tho pldticta grftWt&U 
to th« tiio, tb# TDoon lo (be Otfthr tbc mt«UitH 
•f J«pi(cv t« tbal plukvt— ud gntriC/ in «JI 
tb«0 tSMft Tfiricft inrentlx ■■ tba ftquare of tbe 
4irtuiMiL It WAIL. th«nfoiv> aait* to |jif«r tbdit 
ll^WOWr aunll tha bcMlim, prf^hli^l Uk*J weiv 
nawd. ibey viiiiLl ira-viiAie to fB«k otli^r 
with tftnw* imjjfiiir invsruily u Ihc hiiuuv uF 
Uitf iliiUUfOL ll WM prutiriblu IlioM, that 
pftiily wv UiF mutual tcnulfnoj I'f aII eJiv 
|vtki«a dt intiinr ta e^h other. Hut Xh'iA 
omLfd not Iv eoftdiMidd with cvrbdn^ till it wu 
known wtiKhur ipvtl »]<h«Tioftl bodlO, wm- 
p«Md of jATllrli*! i^Titaiinj; aocvdlag to thl« 
hflr, wobU thcnuajvai gnritftt# Moonlia^ to 

lll«ftUB«^ 

Tht> iiroblmn Nrtrl«i mwlifftooli lo *oIt«. 
0t r^oisvd il to Ihn quiklintim of onrrs, md 
lovm^lMcloalit wiUidriigliti Ibnl Um Uirf ^44 



1hi> Avnid titt UiA BiiliAm na for tbo finrtkHja 
>v]]i^ compoeo it; — UiaI ibc >rniT ItAlion wm 
diitujUsd to the witliv uf 1,hr Hphrrp. JUiil wuap«ji 
the qijontity uf tDPittor i*ouinuiiHi in it^ 'Ihiilcrl 
hy tho nqiinrv cf Iht^ dUtftnce from tlic ovntic- 
ThuA fL <^iiii|j]ifU ftxpraMEim wm obuiijud for 
till! \mv erf ^mtfty^ tnvrdriiijE bMti tiia (Uitcli- 
ti>>jifl fill irhidi Jt mtiBt depoQii, tb^ qn&uutjr of 
lunttiiT ill tliv ji^i iuiici;^ bcdiw, ojid ibt di** 
tnxi™ lit whleJi tbe bculica ni» pluooil- It*™ 
cnuli Im iitk dui}lit tlifkt tbin t^mliJiii^y wh 
fttwuyH iiiiitiiiJr nml tliiirrt w.ia no i>iiv|)tiit]i t<i 
tbu nil* tliiLt iLclicHi .vmJ rv-.-ic^ktii An- v|iinL 
1:^ tlint if a stout ^mvitatn U> tim furth, the 
wiith i^ipinlly (rmviuitti lo tin? nioiit; or, in 
otJicr wuiil^tho two bodiu iL|rpnuch encb other 
wicb vi-licitint nbidi ato icivtuiLcly n* tbcir 
qiiJLiititiw of riinttf]'. 

Kuwtrm vfvoi fiirthnr, i:iil hIiowi>cI Ikfw tbo 
qouitity of matter, iiad ei'vn the deiunly of the 
plniivtj; migtkt l>c itci^rminE^il, In Hk way al> 
rcttdy oipbUDod ho wu ouikblod to coatpojo tho 
ii:il«ii*ity [>f tho BiuihV i:nkviUiio» to Ibo mat 

with tlUlt r<f tb^ UIOrlTI T^r llie VHllb, fM'h Vitl]^ 

meoAUTod by tho monieutor}' <iuflexioti from tbo 
bngcnt (0 tbo oiiukU oicb of iu oj liit, A more 
deUilcd turfl^jpitlno nhf^iTi^! that ibr intimult^- 
Of tbo oontrnl funv^ in iltElurnut OJ-liila U* n^ tlie 
mnui di^tAnrv ■liriJoi ]jy tl|i? «'pia^ of tbv 
|«riiMlJP timi*. Anil tK' ^Hino imutiei'v bem^ 
oIbo u till; qan-EititJua of niat^r ctividcd b^ 
Ibr vipjiuvji lit i\\v ilL^ULiLi^Vf it fullijwi that 
thmti tvo qiintktitH Am W|ii»1 to wtdi ntlifr: 
usA thiit, tlifTTvfuJv, Uic <)unntilif* ^t matter &i^ 
fm tbo iu«»n diftaiioia diriJol by tho ^UATvof 
tb** laM^culk* timen SiippOKm^. ibiTofoT«, thai 
tb« rMJo of the nuoa ilutAn» of tho mm frran 
1h« oHtb to Ihtf mcftu di*TiUi(i! vl thii iikjui 
fTnm the «rth in givtnt; !u lliit nitlo of tb«ir 
ponoiljo ttniuii 1h itUu known, Ihi: n\ti>* of tfctf 
fjiiAntJtj <i nmtE?t rn Ibo Dun t<:>tbe quuitHyof 
mnttt^ in tlii^ ivirlb. of f«>n*<v]ii^nLV^ i« foubJ, 
An'J ihf •Kinu Ibiikg holJii iii nlj tiio pliukvl* 
whidi luiTo futcElileii uiiuvlu^ iijunil tJiwU' 
Hmiv? nJiir.> tlN'ir tnczai d(inttlia4, er A|Wb-i^ 
gn^vitiis. bcwme kni>wii, 

Thd P^iiK'j^^^v T'hlLvitpbi^ N^dUTiiifi. iirbkiii 
ivntalnhl nM iUc^k iltM^iivrii^, v-m publidiMl to 
tittf yitAT l4^Sr; niiil naiLiiy youn cJAfood beffo 
Jl lie^sunv ;:i4ir:rn1]y known lUid uitderitocO. 

llieprim'iiJpnf jtrmWty thnvfnUyaitAhUihod, 
nnd jb #UM«queiioa4 il^vcl^^Eicd, WM not nuD- 
Itoacd by Nowton tfv i\\r fjrht liuic. Btita* oori- 
otw nltniiiw Eo It nro f iriml in th«i writing «l 
thoandAU; ?liuI l.'i>j«nTLmH, KppEcr^uifl H^olu 
entortiiiiinl ofjiuiriUB mfcdai^ it ftpfiniMbkqi 
iDiic)i TiMirrr to Aeetitviy. * I donntthlcik/M^ 
CbpotiTieqB, ' tb&t gruTtly U miytbbjt <W UuA 
on tfjjpcttittjf uf tiju i>u1a of tbtr rutb IpvcB fa|y 



I 



I 



tVCBD^ H 



raVSICAI. SCIKSCII 



XXV 



^ 



''^IHBBJIHHHP^ ^^' ^*^ ^^ 

vnittd^^BStpJWfflOuy UULy^MniiQo the iann erf & 
globr. It !■ luvbjtbk liuL tliU iVJiic ciffcction 
bfilangi m tli« mn, thfl niorm, am 1 tht) iItaI tvxrtj 
vhich (tfo idl of « rouDii form-' 

E«ptMt iu luB gnsit wurk ou ihi? Mutkni) vf 
Manw LrtnU of gnvitjr h4 u fnrrc ikctmg nhlu- 
nlfy fiwQ plofiict to lUuLct, and portioukilj 
frwa t^c ««Ui to thn muuJi' ' If tLe luoon jud 
ilii^ CLi.rt.li nuiKk not ntt&inf*} hy mniD -inrmol cv 
Ai^uiviUviif firm, ouk in H« orbil, tbd «u1h 
Wdulil Sscvud Id Uiv lumn by & fifty-fuuilb piirt 
of th« SnC«rvAl lvtw«n tlipin, whilrr the mucin 
Acjvvj ovcrtbo rvnuumngfiftjtbno pnrtii thM 

!■, eUplHUQg tllFUl of tho MIIJC I^CnWtT.' TlUtt 

IWffivge durplnjiii A fiiHoQJi mrilurn of l^oiAnm 
and knowladfi* T««p4kctin;: tlw ]tl;uu^tvy iiitvlioiaiii. 

Hookie DUvJe & tiviui^r jiirptiGicb W trut.Li f.limi 
ni[_y '»f bM iiTvilfHWiWHX In \\v< n,l\viupl (ourivv 
tJju uiotit-Dof tbovATl^ in 167 li Lid btys itduwn 
A» ft priudplif that the LcatcuI^ bodiea bave on 
attrurUon IowjlwI* th#ir own cuntniBy whleh at- 
toodi to otli«r IxxiiM withls thtr ii|ib'jr« of Lhuti' 
ActtTity. TliB fujiai uf gntviLy bo i.iniwi(h'rT^l flft 
vfmtfwf, EiMJimL lrhi> IhhEj', iTmii^h li(< niiilil iii>t. 
d«t«nnitu< tbv ivto ii vonatioD. 'Xbotc vrcrt 
ODUPtdtaablo MltaAcUi thciiiigh bin opmioos were 
miiBrl wjlli iDiidi ritvr and mueli jgnornnco. 
Yl'C he wu) duuugt^UDiu aoough, wbfm Nowton 
luul tiotditidwd diR JawnciKiriliug tii^hkb ^rA- 
litaiinn yn^Um, m hy chi^n liiiu«i.-K t« the dit> 
,4nvory. 

Of ^ tiifi ph^UoU finaci{rlQi that hAVclxvii 
tiltharto nude kaovn, tlif^f it nnna au fruitful 
In CDDMqDtacts a* tbiU. of jrmviUtio». 'Hhv 
VBmt MfiBvitij' ibnt IwL Ui tlii? iliHwuiy vtab 
U«fVMajy til traw Ebt mnW4r|iirii''r*4 

Tho xaArtttnt ^vitation c^f all bodiiv being 
rndsaittodi it vab evident that, ivhjic the jiljumbi 
WDrBdoAflribmgthafrorUtanimd tbn siiii, tboy 
tauftt mutoaUj attract on« nt:ctbi*n ^>d huDoe 
Ui tlieic r?TuJutiuu4»i>jiir irirgiilxntiin, fivui Ibt 
4l«afn[itioTi oE nquA? niwii tn i^iml lirnro, might 
lb* expected- Bnt hithGi'T'j mch irrcgulorftifc 
kani bcEU oliAorred oiil> b tZiv icvuKitkru^ of Ibc 
mooEL Tbifc loJ Nowlon to inquire whai Ibe 
loroai Wiini vUub, mram]iii|{ to Xhe \a.vn Jnnt 
dba»vvi^, t'ltiilif imibjo* tba urvgiiTanttw in 
i^mitimi- Th^ inm'ii incut btfaistvd nn THit nnly 
ir tbo urtbk biit iUk> bjr the oun- cmcl it van at 
cni^ uviilmtt tbat tbo fofv« whkb t^jvi huflldvnt 
lo beud tha ortiit of Iho ^arth inti ilie form of 
Wi ■JlipUT tnunt faarc a iwtiHibbi i^W'vi^ tm Ihij 
orbic^ ibif liicKMj. Hi hlu>iivtii tImL it a avi 
Ifae vbnl« fiiri'(i wbidi iIli* himi vicrlH fin i\if 
moon tlubt diAturlB h<4 m«Ci->a rcund tbo cnrth^ 
liut Qoly tbc didTcnniv bcLitecu that funx and 
Ifa* loret whidi tbo niTt cicru on tho snrth, 
{moUain iocact mcamrai vi lUo dlituiiiEig lanm 



hfl i»(ip]ioiwrf 111? cnijiv fnrcD nf the Hiiii oti th? 
moon to Ur rcBc»lvwi into two, of whicii ono 
iJWhiVf |ijiant»l ihiiriij^b (bu l^vuIii: uf ttii3C4tilJi, 
nnil thn otliro- wjm ^vaya juit&IIkI t^ thn limt 
Joininj;; tbo «mi and CArth| ooibncquentlj' tn thv 
dirrutiou uf itic ftum (^ Ihv aim un tb? «utli. 
TIti' fonnrr of tbcw foww bring tlirwtod t-i the 
oauifo of iho atrth doco not prcwat tlic taooa 
froa dewnbiEi4; ivarvl Ibu uuih i^[iijiJ htvso iu 
Dqnol limnL lliiT. th<t efTiui iif It oil fill* ulmln 
ii tddiciFnkxb tbo >^rteAti<iii of tJm iin^ii to 
ihrt fnrib abcujt one ^SStb |^ni'(. to iiior'ra.m^ lif:i- 
uiKiTi difldtio? in tbi^ mnic ]kro]iort[on, nnd brr 
lugiilar motion by abant a 170th. U? proved, 
br A vrjy riijbtlc iuvoitigAtioD, that thcM tomtm 
woiitd not Bfoiaihly rhsuigfl Ih* (dliptlwd nrbtt nf 
tba moon, but tlmt tba orbit iuiidt Tvmild l>o 
(TudnW luovdUe; j|« Ioh^'cli- jwm \inY\u]^ m 
BJi^iUr and prognwive motJoti, liy vhtrb it 
adiTmood ovor & otHaiu ata duroig cw.^h rorelii> 
tion of the mixjn^ Thia a;ffcfrd«d im ciplnn-ition 
rsf tbo Tijotlon <i the mfflldM of the binnr orbtt, 
whidi bnd bc«n obnervod to go fonvanl at tbo 
rAl«uf 3''4'uMt1y,ibirLnc tbntimcirf b]i« muo&'ji 
r^vobillnn^ in rmjMM't of l.btt iiir*l hIatk 

Bvt thccxaot rjunntity of the mDti'>n of tbo 
4iiAidrfi did not (oireapcflid *ith tbc dimiDUtioa 
of tbfi moon'n ^nvjty at ik^nre n^grini. Tlicre 
Wilis tluimf^jre, a I'loud ovunbudowing tbi* put 
of tbif tumu' tli«oiy, whtdi wita uut diHJ|titul 
tdl a gfT«t«r sdvKiK^ik in mafhi^Tn Atonal kti'iiv- 
ledgo put it in the pcwor of Bubwrineitt Mtron- 
yiuiTm to iuvmitj^iiti: the tuibjoct ijompl«lely^ 

'Ilitt Ifrioof the lunar node* bnd brm obtcrv-ed 
to rTiro>frwlo a1 tliu nU if 3' 10' avcki^ dny. 
Ntawton ehownl tbal t|jv Mcoud of Uli.< furon 
into vhioh thnKrilii.r nfl-iftix vhm THvt\vi*i\, bring 
exL'Hfd not in tbo piano of tbo mooji'iiorbitr but 
in tLjtt of ttia cd^plii^. Inetlocd to tbo former 
at an augie nimiowhat gratiier than fivo degroa, 
Its dfuM mufit bn todniVi'driwn 1b<i moon totha 
pliuie of llio wb|Tlic wK-iH'r tluui il wculd othcr- 
wiHuarnTi* nt jT; in r.vnmi»nin*iiir^i? of whii?b thf 
intctaootioa of tbo two plnboB wculd approfich, 
iLh it were, towmUji Ibt immm, urniove ioaJifto 
tioFi o|>pi:fi|Ui Cij Utiit nt thi> nionu'f niotinn. oi' 
bM»>inv rr^trcTjiTJi'l"- Tnnii th<* fiuiinUty of tlm 
0ohu' firri:c, and Lh^ liK'liualiojj "f Ihv tjivhiu'ii 
orbil, Ne«'t£m duterrnumi l'\"* n"*firi r|n:vnfit.y (if 
tluji rotrogrodauoTi, oo well ju tbo irTo^iJikrilioa 
to which k \t Kubjeot* and fouuJ both to ugrecp 
OorTHV|innd]n;^ vinj Awifrrtely with oliMO'fxtlfln- 

l^lin hmnr iiioqiiality diaoovcrod by TVebo, 
nnd ohJIi^I by him Ibif rariWiVjL, wbicb ccJiiHiBta 
in the nttrHi-iinte nt'ctfteritiiiri nniL r^^taTrtntioa of 
tliQ mooQ iii«aah qimrtor of her revolution ^wni 
lux'umldy detcnnintfd fium tht-'Jiy, ftueli m It bi 
found by obMTTfttlon^ Tlir unmo r«roark (qiplfa* 
to tbo animal «quiitiou, wluuU hod boon long 



fi 



AJIACUS— ABBE7. 



lliii PlilUppinM. Tb* outer fil««a ef Ihfl laf-vfJh* 
bMamw*: vhUc thv taivBr >» uibJ* tui^^liu'iL* aad 

AUACim (from Un C:»fV ii6«r)» rir\u»arilj dvtlg- 
SAla any WiLn ^r » K^toF* rr icfUTigiiHr fr«Q; ind 
h*D» hu tiiv<n feppliHl (n * ntrii*1)' nf nhivr'U ihiA' 
HulPff that ibtiv. u V) n n'Ok>di.s imy wliti a raU?d 

of nudvRL liracot aai dIWd vF a very &TnAruti]tal hbd 

^v^th BtD^ «T diial, on vMcb aiitli«rwlujiui« drww 
iLolr 'iLHffnTni, hQ luftminffnt pnnbiUy not vtMVr n 
ir^ihtoni lAeLtmuiiL^iibuhrJ fk.<r (iIatjij^ ^Ibtidlv^ And 

it wniiaUd of a umahcr ^ panlld ooftW qr wimi, 

Xfi vtiieh baJla nr btPAdu wwv dmnf:, tlw n^^r 
fr Uangftmuwiriiiterl tounitflvtthPiiPKtEAUiKk Jtf^ 




cut, arc viurc iTtid*,- tijoiv nti llio ri^bl iiiId 

ih*^ i>vmUr l£3i,M&,— In mbiVetare Abadv> i« 

■■lijilK-t loTJoiu^j: hut n«*mB ti^ hibvv Wb at 4ni 

<«iTift^'^l til xhr flit v|Uir^ ■Wma Qi wfi^tTi h ]tWUr 

(cnninau<l- 

Au-U^* li fv|rTiiia rittr uirutltiaitJ \ty Nuninu 
(S Ki' r 191, vhv cnll> it uul rLitr|>4r " rnw of 

Bifida lADfimit «V^*i>'^<^. wld?^ tau«t Inm & 
cWt of AalA'lMomPU. uid don UimllBli fba dtfff 
nwnUDiii, wliiHo ttTiEk Jind Immt^M It tiiiipBH 

AkATTiH (/^vX Wcco col iluvu vbl bid with iWn 
Wndw Wiwd b>wMd* Ibe vt^uy. In turti ft w«;r 
m 1o fcrv * drfMOB Ur tnopi vlnicqiod InJiuul thirm. 

Jl«glC3tT, Pmnv, bmdt Pn^mUmt mamiU it 
IMi In tiU4[tri«4li4i In 1 iirv; IcM h]« Fiubor In liilftr<y. 
nd Ia bk Afth j^tttf. afur the rcTUAduii of thv 
AKd «f Nutlirii. Hft* foTcfUy cftnirJ dT tj ibv 
Mlba(«li<*b And j,k«d a» 1b> CoUcc* of Us^ t« U 
•dttobtd M ft UoaUA CftlboIiA, Hb iildIIwt, n 
KM, mftiugitd to Hnd him ofT Hntlir to Gcivn, 
■■d JiitettC Elm thevo Aoitij ftlm. on mvAfitni; fprtn 
ite prtHm tnio «bfA tbc lud b«ii tliromi for luLi;: 
KUMliBr^ rnbMuvsrbBTftitii- ilr««4| ij4>f^ piivft 
^ mnftHbamD taint* ; and afkr DompMnjc lii> 
vduofttif'ii, hC *iV\ en hw Inri^i viiiEifjtf H'dland, 
vtivfv tv hH«m> btimt* vitk Hi^wia Itenfttr^. 
■ad tiimnr |i—fiur nrfTlntfl BnOtftad, vhin N«<Et4ii 
MMtfl Un with Rnrfiad «Mc<n. mil Klajf MhlltUi^i 
Ut- HFOffbt Id ntftin hlu Ifjr ftdtftblHfoow <iflpr«, 
n< |»* Mn«l Id rctani la OtocVft, wbw ho «f<fl)t 
libft r««»i>4fr of ft Trittf iLf* dtvnfimi U itndl^, kmi 
iflAmt my rtlh«r 'CBn- IIimi ihbt t-t hAn>irftrr lihfV' 
Ttei- Hv tflwt In UfiT. Ttv fiw vmtkfk vbldj bi^ 
Wl aortdy jBt^y lb* Uflh hum wU^ tic bin 
wmim^ Ui €girtinp w i»; bol ttv TiritrW an ir*U ■■ 
dvfib of Ida ftAqidrflvntt lo pnwtd l? iS* f>M Uak 
th« ibHt ^nimtmi fdifltoovbvvi^ in movtning with 
Um oa tlM *iihjM(« irWh hft^l glvn tbna fnma, 
oaUomly bpaiteat ttaa tho ibavoogh Inov^edg^ ftf 
iWn vliidi be diiidajtti UiM tbav nirt bftTv occv- 
hkJ ibt ii^rvA iliftr* »r Uf aUatilW Aowrdiii^ 
KowtaatfMifmd UniDtiyifil to bt ^dg« bi^nno 
WbhIT Md Ldh^U id tbo unluaipy (^oaml t to 
ik0 Itnwjkmii tliotdtocnl ud dlffrmibftl nltraliu. 



]tft lilft iTOuntij ta MUHriuttiDO of Ibo bi^iir^ a»d 
yrm-Ptittnii i*hith lunl gunvl lli* miooftdwiflj in iti 
hni] afltiT EilTtnjLtm^ fnr ai^ntA tima in tho Vrvnf h 
PTvtnUob rliiirvlj at Berlin, wuni oVfT to QncUbd 
Id IMH. The fcillairlbf ypfti bo Mcompftoled Hm> 
■hftl Scbrmbcri! 1o Inlkud, wtnn lie becftnw Dcwi 
of KiOftloo, 0(L llw dukit or iliv uinnbal Ju lODO. 
b* ftutttc^l in Lmdott, ftnd btvurnii ruinialnr of tb* 
^Vc>y Htt diml In 17-7. Aninr>^ hk ttittnffniH 
writLiic^q FiLtiui< ia<]cf<<iiCQ of th^ nv»]iitioa of l&SA: 
Ijut liid f*iu? rp«lft vlu<A> un l^^j tlm>3i.ii;iial wurlui, 
vkTcb on itiU cloadanJ*, miJ b^vi? I>«u iqiuJIr 
B|i.pUudod by PrulcwUuiii ftnd lEftman l.'*Uiolii»^ ihV 
dha an lli* ^■idrnm lif CAri4Uanif^, utA Uunthrr 

Af^Afi. till.' fimcL wDiil fcirnbTut. wfti^ bofittvlilHt 
Pfouclj Ib:t ulrtlJrjii, lFld ojuiuiimi litlt i>f pJl wha bft*! 
tiiiJ]ii1lbLVi](it!y<uUwiFvitI] ftncv tab«<ctd«oTdAijml 
dargymcTf or ii^rDly in Uio hi^po oE ctlqiniiij; BCiin*- 
pppuiitiiiont ar IwtirliiVf to wbitih viiph tftudj wm 
cnitoiVrr'f d rrrllmLnoFy rr^ulidtD. MuyoF than 
Wl litUo ilLAt hiu cltriud iu ftpj^carftQcv. uuiaiiftB. 
and liltnrii^kur, Liut klu'irumiLUui. laaiauftbliwftdElrvi^ 
«n(! Qut mifrrT|ni:ntly Jiupmixr litoruT acquimuuirfib 
iptvo tbtiuaiL infliLtnfn in ■rtninty wnioti tbAyoftm 
tiUlmi tn nan frpT ll^o piii4>at piiTyin'*, Uviki^l irJ' 
by tbflF rlrra4 i?nn«l>Ciii|r liBii&1ly of a cvkeJ Tiftl ftftd 
a >bojt coat iiF a b^niA. ItrgfriL uf vlolrt coknir, tfary 
w*n tcvn vwYwlionj—ftt tlia A>iEt1, tb« ball* tb* 
IhiAtn, ftnd riUir pluw »f pnillo now^ aod la 
prirfttv FAmilicti, whvru thry aolfld ftODutiaiM a« 
tnlAf^ immKimt m litt-mir fHnid« and fevRrbnlW 
ftdiltcn. BJid iiotivLSinM m capocitinA fd a Uarv 

AJijit* c\orSir.MnT*TTLi:*, Sec Al^ry^ 

AhUKViU-t, K foTtilk^ lovn of I'tanco, Is Iba 
di|iaran«M of tfao Nnnnic. portly i-u tb* baohiy Aad 
paitly on an lidamt oi thn nu-v iif lliitt nAnv, and a 
hUUou on iliv rDJlwnt rmm Tr-rlA t<^ Ekulocitc. afant 
Iflfl ualt4 V,N,W. uT iLr fi^ntj It >i Ltiilt iitiwlly 
«f trr^fb, bal ftlao «>>i)tiuii» >«mc Lurtimt^iie olit 
vooilAi iteuDtufVf- tU principal cdifw u Ihu <rfnirtb 
ftf St- VtilfrM^ liiiill dDRh^ inn n>jf^ of l^niii XTI^ 
but Ei*T«r <tBitp1ritn! njK-nnllti^^ (A f^ drij^liui] dadfn. 
Ik nmt hntt. In tbt flambriviiiit style, oTVervd whh 
iborloTiobtrftaiy uhd vllb ukLcft fJEal xilbitaUm^ 
IB poKloulatly magniftMia, Tbo inlabitiuji* ;t9,VtJ 
ill l&Sfi) m cUcAy Binplf^y«cl in iMumfaebirta of 
voAllm and linan cJatli, AiNntli, Ann volT*ta Ufl 
nilk«>«*; ftnd In twrflnf tbrnr on mjniy ovmldefafclF 
fftc!tJU4 Imm Uic uiaiu ot lUuiiaDutcallDa fumUMd 
bulb 1^ rkilvh/ ami livcr. Hip jmrMinii rd Abb^ 
vDlfl vv Lfurjy cimlabod ilurini; the cariy ^vook 

ATtUKT; th^nnnv unudh'^i^n to th* balUbwi 
fi(«iifiir«1 by a rrll^nita r^mninuhll^. ««udillM Mm^ 
kInJy ritbn of luiklcii^ coUed majtib, <v ti fimaiw^ 
ralkd anA. In the fonutr <4ac, tb* inditidwil vbr- 
prevdca invr tha oamnuEiEty !■ oJlcil ftn dAlof, ftnd 
m Out U±ier, ajiotioifr vor^*rit]vfiUy d^ne4fiwb 
■hp lli^tmir aA, op thv Syrur a^jV^, ti^ihrlnj Iftlbfr 
Is early Itmei. when ihfl Bianbdidi aymttm Am bagaa 
to prwali tbo baibliiiifii octvpLcd by moDki and tmiH 
^rpTti iDon mnulLftbiB fcr iIhot nnaibfr lliap tn 
tbvcr ratgnilnd* or nd<nifkmK«< : (did tho p OTtrt^ 
itfbcb llwr all fpoffowr w« ^iprii Tiiibly iftOaUHtrd 
tn th^ m«Annp«i nf tMr '1w«|»njri arnl the ftntlsfftt 
of ihiolr IItm- In jiTopoTtiiin, lioni-vtr. aa Ool^ 
liully utoiidnl Imt tlumiiiictn, aip«] th>i prlnn* wid 
aoUH nf Ho vftfllh ltf|>ji li- nuiDt kt an hanvur. nr >i 
loBfll todocn it ipx^ j-Jlcv. In w hrr fa«A^T^tb*lr 
larkffb dnnb^Elkn• tif moocy aoa fnndt nu^wO «v«a 
ibe IwTfalla^ and toUt^rr dolibm tif th> ^ftif^^ 
and hr^ and T{d^1y-Di>r1attn1 ablwya b^i^ Votiar 



I 



I 



^ 



ARDF-Y— ABBOT. 



Ihair hatd* in twry hin(:il«n In Chnattndiim. Il 
WW tearoily poBntda tfut iindnr Xifih airgi]tn'tah»« 
th* pAtntjT Mrvl u-lt -lifrwnt vhWi tbpLr iTimkU* bIjU 
nmunucil lo vow. md imleaal la prvtiie, ■bQ[il4 
tiDvuvT^K*! |u tbv HuwvatBub w nfunL Wcallb 
irilmcliK-'cd IuiutTp juhI iu nil a f«iv innbuLOM wa* 
{•j^afT^i }rf Ibiuiy at niH^arnJf, md tHtt mBtitutEittn 
whiuh \uA tiit*h cmfinnJI^ inC*nd«J 1^ (iimiah tlip 

COQWrUil low joen iltn* *if iJHinilmulou. N(raih»f> 

Lfjj wcrr UEnekd £a it b j Ch* ^f^iilar niti'ftbtai|^ 
which it I'nmJHd ti> Umtnv, vd lanny id ilin mvl 
pnwaKul fiiiiiilj»4 mro fptm tA^crlv ttnTiog 1o oU^iin 
the lills uf bl>but ftii'l Klibod fcir ilitif nunilun. 
Ctev PPPM attd nffTfiviBM aoi^i^vtl in Uil* unhu^ 

u liaWliPC tlidr oontartiL Th* cn«t CpbjocA wm to 
obtnto ft oontnl vw ifa* rtvauw uf ahbajV) uA foi 
thkpwjJMtfHDinHwu blul loiluilftvl«ef holilb^ 
tlwil vTuIap t Jtfaul Af tniA, ar»4 ib vu rdklUd, •« 
CHntfuAyij. AcovilinE tn iIm nrl^uij iilfia. tli» 
Qocnifeh J»tm- irH ucnl^ ft WupaTBry tnithiF. ulio 
tb« Tholtf nr |4rt of iLo ■v^'maM dm^n^ o 
ifn^, ftnJ wfti tw>UTul b4 Afjil/ tlicm |o tfwiAr 
pnrpov*; l>ul iillLnuCv^y Ux* Of^^iKAl l>.Ivb wv l««C 
■Ifbl of, Kiifl tiw "muiTnaniUUr ' la^rimo wi nmny 
tiHtAfi[«« a Vtrnptt \tnttt\iknt, whn liniit thv ippoiril- 
la«iLt fp^i Lrp. Hid %tf allimtl t^ *rr^-'^ ^^ ■^'VuiJc 
iv voUkin porlfoiu «/ th« r^TenuM &> Ian <rvu ^ triv kU: 
Uw- U«»c« df^niBMinl Iks Urgu i^lnvt vf ptn«iui 

Irtrt wier" iwplihi* TiPrtvlifiT" miJT* iiiinwri'im lliiUi 
iLi ¥tMatM\ nlj-fe Ihft wwi- kniiwiL while only In 
gupKlMPy of iirvfijnuciiW 1j>' tlir ruao l>( Aiitft 'It 
Samtf irfaenrin. nurl afUr (lic^ Lad vbWiKd U Irt 
tbft4 •( f4Uj# tWiBO'c/fl^jfrfj. By iht amoii lais 
thtJT vm baaad bi hai-a rvAiittd tlid taTumn, ;liliJ 
ta«nti«r intn ivilm nn ^ElfinLmLj T.hr 'vnnnlo&l &i-i\- 
bot thcK oMlf^nti^^ns wurk? tttily cviuTl<i], ur crLiIuin 
OifcncJ, luiil It iuv* pKTpurliMU uf iJiA iLl]|Hi« luul 
DotUBif dcHcdl fillin- in tlbir iMmnuin ur dvir 
caodaoL Fur 4 lon^ pcinod «ub ftbb^i' *^ju nniln 
tb* n^vrint*(i'foik» <(l th« haihAp M th* ^iiikHAo m 
vUrii It sUKd, t^rit w i>t|jravJK tn hsdoponildTit 

(jIJih, Ju bull] IIk^ rTP}Fi:> i. inuki'i] duuij^r hflvi^ 
Vkrdn Utok plAr*, M&nv <if lln^ ivblmt* u-it onl^ 
■BBO— d>i in nbuiniiif cKirtpitiiD tt^^n iJio<i«A«n 
Jwhjidbn Urt tltd wttJi ill* litb'>]i* m iwik niifl 
dfgnfiy, niiftv Ibaiv mitm'l rr^tnu in I'cttnA 4itit por- 
liMiunU; HEutfia fiMl Ruijipjilv "f tli' idiioy-. In 
|44dr "f nUnilinif [lolttvii (HlI v fi»nii<^<l }urU cif Ui^^' 
And po««rfd oorfnntioniv btfonsLuK lo liJntinul 
ftdont vitb foitcrmlf at UwIf hooi^. Jc tfali vny 
tbajFWa ftb^ t« tmcvnlnb* thntr jiowi-r* fi^fHrky 
CAmson porour.uil hul wluH^il fliririhtifWuiAll^ 
thai ia uiP Iv^iiRltif (iT 13kt Htli miliary nu Uu^n- 
■udvmiUt ikTPflii'n af Uin lirvt culiiT«lnl di-tni^i.K id 
Eurvpo iFm la ilvtu poeontlmL TLe rCof'HiBfitii-Tj 
IbOwoMd i'4fC c4iuigai| lui ool^ bi Fn>u«Uiit 
cAtBtHcH, vhm &]>lHnri ftml ftU olbrt emiuitif 
•aiftbltifiaiaiitit ««m vwnPTa^ly vui^-onl, Int fi^ni 
la BanlriM vbkOi "till <xinM'ni)i<f FiiJi]ih.Ti rjiUmliir ^ 
imMMj mtf*Mtiso*. vliUe d]«|iliiyLri|£ xhv\t rnd Ut iliv 
Itaauab CtiuKb b/ |wnaeutiii^ Ito o|i|ioiif!inK not 
■ar«|lisi; V' imiUb^ Uvirt iu t^ i»]if(*«tiun uf 
cfanft pix>p*r1ir, Al Uu* (miu af tbu Ifvf^jniLntifiti 
■mml abdpjv HT'im ^vti-i'nl lur th" iDiiiiJlr'iiiiiirr- of 
IfardflVjr wd o( unnurrl^ fiMriHln: ami litiLi:ii, m 
■one P>rt> of ib* Ci>t]tltLi:iLt, iltiir ajl Btill iVi-li^ 
IftM lifufiiPM wba liB«f IKd Litiv ^1 ti'lar. biid lulit* 
*b bau tbol Cif itA£w, In tba llrwli Ubunh, the 
|*pyi> iiiiKa of libD tL-prnDR cf atnvunU i4 irrrAi- 

■«Hf»^. 




vM«dM»lnl4lWtAUdii*tAPKnd (li ' 
ham OftUiit to tbtbkrliQ 17\1. a'-ji 
aUo pTftoilo^ Hctmuml |i*rlJArn«flt~ 
•at In bhff *uIhk|lw3l1 pvlJuurmbi uf l7l>fl and lilO& 
In lb* laal b« *&■ uppt^nbat nptuLtT, and by bii 
«rtJi>f vau tUTii<I tbfr [DDtJDft for tbe irapdtfluncnb 
niy(t. J>nndv WhjivfpMVflr.tMtntFHtuadamfal 
Iniprkrtnnt bDftmvMiHQU in tb» iaod« o[ «nclar:ting 

fubll? biwlnna. ftnd, no Mfdof ftmt tli« ^fHiiii in 
BIT. wHu n«ftn1ct] ivtlLa iMenw umWtbv Ubkuf 

fivon Coicbvtn. n« di«d jD xa^i^. 

Aiil4CT, CirAfii««, [^rd ToutmlHi^ ChUf-icw4li» fi 
tbfi C'oorl ■>! Klng'fl Ifonuh^ va« bivn of bLimLla 
pamntAgtfin 174^ ftt LknLrrbii^, Ahd ufl^rncwiv' 
inc bU iduciitivn at ibi fpip i;naznuT-K}iDo1 Uvn% 
oailand Oirpuii CbniU OoQiisifc dfitfil. wbviv. Is 
\7H, bo c»wd tlio ohtoiMllorV priM far a LaUb 
poonoB Jtnttittion. IlaTin^ obtained a tutcuJdpt 
M attracted tb* oollce of Jimtice UuUat. nbo wai 
thr fbrJivf of orv <)( hit pirfi^ mKl by lii* lulvic* 
iIltvuIi^^I hiiiiadf t^i thu aIuiIv uf lli<' hw, K** WB« 
ir^llaJ IolIk^ W III i;^|1, J'bt.iui nlber deQoiiaiit Iji 
vrnU'riC'il |f»wpjii, tuai'TviCTxe^at tint vuiaiUef iLuw, 
buE b*] o tutinihst pradaafljr u>Rorkliu«*ay. uiiJ uUi- 
iDAUly by anwrtiiwl irxOUitr^, ftod thv ututit hud 
d^TptTi u1 li[i 1l^ |.nowlud^. plaoed HimMfOf ai the 
bi4d af hl< jirrfffvini], Hnrvvvnl ypam hi* laontn^ 
l4 nkl i« bii« ikvrimjfj ^tn.VuO, In 141U hn Lv- 
CHfui* ju<L^ DLiL>L-n*^vi<ly La l}i? Coui^ uf Lunuuim 
fltu* Luiil Eb tliL' Cuiirt vi Kit\ii* B^'iicrb, Bijd ja 

jiriTtiio* In IH^; Um tns rtiMvri F^i Tii* ]>v<m!^ tiy 
llie lltJr of Bar^D T«it7rdi*n. »D<J o^iiliUiMl to Jii- 
(iliuj^ilLb JuilJcdol fuuL'tlijut *itlji:uiiiaiaiiiabcabillbj 
till liiA liuUi in ISSU- Dnniv IdnUat iriuinKjit*, Aihir 
ui<iviii|f b» lionti nlnnf tito [iiElow» lu if ta Uio ftotof 
4«nliji^, hp oxijLtJi]ii>il " Itcnttimun of Uw Jutt, yiyu 
irhty rolliv," nnri alnntiit imrfi<vliiib*l_T Hpitvrl, |ii« 
dlmlnj^UhiTiff cif i:]l«nvia n'crc ilion-nieb bnowEodkfv 
of iliP tiMmituui \ay. uivul iaIuiuo*. iiitilifru>lilfln 
inti^un. jihd uiiiiv^vJ >ldll li; numimuir d]Jv *o x 
ti> tnbku tijn morit* tJ tbv moat eroAplsft ae« tmit^ 
pvr/nt tn nnv }iirr Hit fjimn rMti pa.K]y on th* 
■oumlnr** 'if hli ilMfion*. arirl pBrtly «pii M* 7W(pIim 
r))t ^Atf J.ata lUfaliPt fd ^rnrAasr AA/;4 and i^a^wii. 
w]»cb liBP |iBuvd fJinru^b ■c^vtal udjlluiiit, and cuii- 
Uin» ttf bo ngarded v ■ ttAnrtard. 

AiiiKiT, OKfjRiiK, An'bbJRljnp iif Cant«burT, «m 
I»m Opt '2^. \:''yj. t.i\d iluibtil M Oifvf^L Avium 
(]i^ traikolLtiurk uf tbi> UiHi wu liCfLin jn ISUl. by 
L>riliT 'if Kini: Jftiiinv bo vu one fif ibo t'l^ht Oiviuii* 
tu hbntrJ it WIM oomniibtcdt Itl )d&l> ho wc?j|t to 
tkvlUnJ lo nmwt ax oAtitiiic a uni^m hr(ir*m Hi-i 
Kirk uf thibt eoUDlry uiil thu CIiukIi 4if EiiL;lftn<ip 
oiir] frntluctcd tho bulaua viXit mufb rnp-^enUi'm 
anrl tjMnK In Daou iGOa bt vju madn lUihnp of 
T.icbflnbl anil Cfirvnlvj: la Jan. IrltO. BijJiup cif 
I^i^'r^oii : am] Ju (Cot. followljir, Arcbbitltoti »f Caa- 
t?il>kirT. Die vpcndoe aaorlbed bit rapid nr<o«aodaa 
l-tflibttcvyDf tbekiae. JiiIflU,bovw«r,bBg|tpoa*d 
Jiuiima pntj9tri of a divtwe totwem l^y irnaoe* 
HcjwtirtI uid tbi TCvl uf bvi: aitd !n 1(11^. wb«n 
tli<< royikl dn^UmtMin iK<rniiltfU£ HuDdnv »|HLrtJi hm 
inutd. Li; prubiblU^t Ibo rvAiluiir of ■! >■■ fihiirrb. 
Uii bsltb dvclbdn^ be wotit ta Hojnpebiria for 
r^mljon, and b«(fig faivHed la a huct b^ Lml 
Zuiiab. h^d the niafoHan* to ehri^t tbo gkuoktvper 
tviib an aimv jdai«1 ftt a donr frnm u lAAU'lnw, 
The ai?cli1mt ftflhited bbn ^i ttmcb. thai Ivudn 
HtLliii;: uu biuuiIU rif i.'*U m tLt vkloW, lie kcjit, 
duiint; tbt tvuiAimlcr of liid Llfo, a ujonlhl^ fiet on 
Tiiohlur, ibt Jay of Ibu uidkkppy ■v«iC- lliouyb 
thnulibitl with llip tfijut, bn pvforrMd thn oofenuiDy 
af mwnlvs rharlii 1. Hi* wnn nnt ntu'^ iu IhU 




AHEOT-ABBREVlATrUNfi. 



ciit nf hi" furctinriH hh ifniimrn im rvfM>i<i^ bi liniTiw 
ft ■mnon. imswtiif-l Uv W. i?ititiirjr]>r, in jw^ifkniliin 
vt h luKii Q^mkuilfil \j Lhc kiii£- At fe luettiitu ijf 
iVlimucut lie ■«■ r^toMj^ lut^ Jlwl at iV^Joii. 
Anjf. 6, 10^3, 0^1 71- l^thftn bi* Ufa he pu(jlikbf>l 
«Mvnl irrckn, ohif-Oy iboolflgirtd ; ^vi mAny 'if 'i" 
Irtun Md •pvvphcq are lA I)* fnund in tuiuiu 
vaVoDtliMu. 

bcuif ediuftfciJ aloujr ^i^h liiin. mionMl hoMiA 
Coll"fi*« Oifoni, In J57£, *nd bnvintf takun onl*r*4 
i1iilinpiiiJi»d himiiflf hy hia |itJj>it ^niVtry. uhii-h 
nreooMd blm tbt< vaJiinbli* }\\\ns of RinL^hnin, In 

bj » nurk bijUiW rtc M^iT^rr vf Pupittt Su(,flfittra, 
w\ on tba fkOdeaibflb nf Jauk* L to Um ihrorkt: dF 
Kn^Saii'l *inM kppnntv] hui <Tin|'ljim in onlihArv- 
tn Ifint lift ttiu iinanimnHify pli«l'<l nukat'ir <aP liii 
ca>11i9tffi: In If'll, ob(4lni!il tbo np|av.ntiii«i]t nf Tv0iia 
pprfi™»ur"( ".liwiiiil.^ , oijij \v Hi:i wu [.fifUioltiJ t-i 
die Kc dE iWlialjun'- In (lio tn-Vtcr tMU-t [<r 1il> lifi: Eid 

HTM kfflictfd Vnth BA «k«ri]Diltllll^ fliUDVia, HJlJ nftf 

diiiitejrib£jfri>atCLmb~(in fiirCJt^i]«uiil|)4liimiv, <Ii*<! 

in ItfLT. ■■■kf' ^L« ^iroUhT hi* wu ■ ff.iinl I 'AMniiit, 
boi ht ■□r]WMtc| hliD In t«in|i(r *nii modcratlim. 
FuIIbT, ilk CiHiU*AtJIitf tliD two bniLtieA. mv> thai 
"Ocorc* wa* ilia iDQia pUunMc (irmcJiQ^ lZi>Wc< tlic 
]ET«atol mIu^W — (>«artv tho jkblt^r lAAlnTiiuuii Itnlxrt 
thv 'Ixijhrr HlVLiiA," Koiirlp* tliir wikrii aKtVo irntrt' 
IinuAl. til- wT-'it'^wpr'i] ntTii'n, tit vrhii^hth* iib|i*«t an-, 
jfnfjMrufi f>einvit*lfaMrt fwtrra t^ifttiloA F'fjitT'jiriuM. 
tte., 1408, 4|ju Iwltlj wlijvli King Juu» ww mlp wrU 
ptdwii ilisl 1w (sdvl bin i?n-n Ca-nn'mt^'-p ^m tin 
Af<tfi4ilvp*t If] h« ftppcnilffl to Ihfl HUijriiiil «(f jtion tif it^ 
■ nil % /tr/fAft of rf^ Htfiirmrd VolhMn- oj ^r- 11'* '^om 
PerliUtKliit^'"UfmAtti^'i'ja)haX tir. Ht9t'i>i',^ir\ii\ilr^ 
PrUK. in » farU »t*.. mv.. Uft7. IflHD, 

WaIive S^'Vi, ittiibbol UM vlic frftub hank <if lIio 

thr» mil** wui bun Ihu rDnciirr It u HjttihTDj in 
thr micldt cif pU4unoi|i]Q tftnu^ luiil hialiirin ilbhioIa' 

IwrGLvnii «l ilftrrchl Uni*^ ihe lii*! bciiiti LifUKUt U 
IStl- llic iiiuuiL-n u LuUt aE KnU fru not UtS^ 
tm( by Awlufel Hiddiiiutit li finuHy bocam* wi nhm- 
tktm uM in«fii]ar plU in mnoiiH ti^ti-i r>f Sfiitii^h 
u^UtaEBurv. Hwad slnnni Imin nlrf hn1t<lin;^ hiit-r 
li«i builb iuto ihavitenuJ isAlltd Uiv liatix?; ufi 
the Hik!UH»-]ifeU, llbrvT, Mtd olhcr ruunit an 
«it<inw4 wiib «tv*d wooJ *ort in thi: uitiiiuo ilyk, 
na*h«1*it •urrdun^liBi tiy flo^iriubjniir *n<j.U pluotscl 
b/ fi^ vr«]lT htmulf, *ni1 iciUrvciwI by vindin^ 
waIIm. 

AHaiKvur;ox\ ur "ihorteatni,-*." wv oicii In 
Mfliofr Iff n'o linw ml BpavDn dt, it uiaj U^ to 
wvn ^Ljmjj> ^^^ oHUitt fltiicr vl •ulntilulccl 
^nbdli, OF 'J vartuunMita, vffWelvI in wonln htiil 
■yll*UMby thr 'vinnnl^'ir c-iTDii tnEl^ra, r/t^n, inrtf«l. 
(Q tba wtrfda u( ihe li'iun <i<::r|>i the tlnL In thp 
■ml wivaint Uiius^ w\um mniial iw u«|ii^ik1 Itt^vn 
Otttr wsR uvJ, •blmrw&jUQ hiu bi cr^iirijij ^iiocti- 
mII* osly bv ilnrtAidfif tylUbto, vv.rls furtnulKv 
Uid tniqimtljM*Aimn{ «iq>»nfiiia I if thu nn^l' 
m luv* #tHhp1v« 1« l^knntpEinni nn iiinrimi'iil^ 
«*liM> And iMiH. Un LliD IncroilnoLliMi nf imLll 
Gnck u4 LMin letbcrv #lwdi Ute cipkr* »r .M»^ 
Intolnl ^ fitafilAte Ifcvir Ubour, i^ecu] tioatnc- 
liofti lur «TllnUH^ iloiiUa oaudMiibta 4oiibT« roitvl^ 

ainaiid In oidi oati a o tl om, kwl hcn«« oiftdik cuitvit 
Wrcad vllhavl ■ frvilcmi refvlv- BtuJf uf Otrdi 
paloa^niitrj' l^rmn Mriff. Uiw ntilrjh'libim tt«v 



lE-ihtr^m'^l tn thf fiiSntfil frlilinna of Itnvk kiUlirra, 
uiirl liumv TTYUlor li't^ it ihvin wtk tj:lv«ii in Iti* 
cJU-Unr ('nvlb tEtxiHtiiani. Umiiu' LIim IhifM'Iei'Ijjs ot 
ibc'jj iTAi ik^iHiliiwIy r«wniL4t t^^ ihn AiuilL^iit. In 
murv mx'ijt tmji^^ tli<< ua« i<f tlain ]4Aa onllnlj' ilit- 

O^xrikfftl. 

j\irii>rij; Lhfi lf«innnt tW irrArkx »f ablirnviatHm 
Wflu? eaIIhI H'it*r nr i^aitjumlra rrriffiuf', khrl Ibo 
tjipit^ vvhn i«ril tln-ni, iiofiirii. Thfy conililci] 
dilicr nf 4l<ljn>UtJi>[t> 'fi vi},v]b tAwnli uiit *;|]alitcv, 

iiiuLiwUuTi for I'tfrt t'lijiiifit), or of x utuitf* in (lis 
r^fmof tlm |irt(*iri iulfltrt^Hl f or ihv finrpi** of Miirpi^; 
nr, tjiHtly. <if iiflUmrj n>nvpntinhd ■li.-nt, ilmiUrla 
ibinn lUU ill coniiDOii uw by^ pb^sJcLiiiK uji:Ti:lian|ji, 
011*1 ^.ttbtUi f'Hjtif, cltUci'IclL uii1 oerui^U uudvr 
ibu lbFv« bciHia *l iJjbrcvbfcUsl ijllnUcB^ n-bUouloJ 
voTcla. ixnil xbLniviAl.«l mmi*it€m, rudeiwd dia (J*- 
MT^^intn^n of Iff If rriMntoiiff, intndiuqiEr^irvr^ hifiog 
l**n irmaily *rniil IHft I nnrl prlnrwl to n kln*l <^l tjMau 
liy TvlliiJt Tlr^i, tltr iFaiiicil fiiccduion oF Cio^fd. 
TLc^ WL?E-^ BO iiuujkTtJiE* ibul, lU A <:lAHiEL4tiun bj Ia- 
A]ii]«,-<u' J?cuoaa, ibi'v nuuunt lo 5000, 

CItlior nation^ ha,v* in « tunnUr timnnriT *niplo5«(i 
nhtki>rmtinni In tbia mi([rf<rc th** R^iIlIhtii bu« 
|>arh]c7nlni]y clliUnj-ulfbi-il thfiriKh'tf br carrtllif 
nbbraiih^aanil (\<iiv<utit.injkl <-vmtrhi^UL>n ui ■neb >a 
cum* •* tff unkh« ibdr vtiitni;* unintcIlitpUc bu iJI 
but thd inilibCml IVUh tliB I^tin Imi^kfr* tb* 
qnripitt Knmjih Al^brwiaTinn* ptv^d to Ctw mMilW 
'^S*'*' AppfariTiu Itpit rtn intiTi|it.i'^ii« tinil or^tnt, Ihm 
In mLnuiicTt|]t*, anilp men: Hp^dftlly ftfiDT tli« tlcrmih 
t>:nluiv, ia Juutvn aint itOut K^U itcK^umtnU. A 
ciJlr-i-liim cukI itorlUI fiptapntioii i>f tho ^Jd tt'^irpll 
Al^br<Fvi;iti<^iiii hikvn b«/n Att«iiipU<I. am^^ac '>t^fn ^ 
(prutrn*. in Lua Titf4nnn'i ivfrifitunmn lAmtter^ 
'1am. lTM7)p uid by S^rtoiiiia I'ruUii, m hi* fV*. 

nirfiiiunui Affti^mt'iiisvt Irnli'^mn vi CnMfo*. 
rKAi'ii'iku^T. ill liii* /ifJi/i'iifiiia Tff'i'iiit'itm fPuiii, 
KI'l. tiiirli-iftvnurf^ ^4 kiiEr^^uctf ft rri^ulu thnry i4 
cipTunft^on. but bd« ofton f*U*(L iJgiibJly La ■|<|ilvli|f 
11. 1^li4 Ri-iiiMlictifia Tualn Hm Ivni innjw cbnTMifiil 
in iJtf ckijtl vnlmnit uf hit A'numiu TVirif^ i^ IA)!* 
/onvilif2"t. Th* ftbbrrvjaljtijjf rniiilojot in Inter 
UiAniticnptt ami rlai'UUpnU cuniiat nvunlly of oiaia- 
•Initf. or itf i^-nlrn'-UrJ OffmUnAtii'M "I Itttcn. Of 
■U!'h <iiHlr«i'lyil iitiiibiTtkUnni wo hfcve k rnitArknlil* 
I'lnntplr m lliw rijibHr^iuunti or iiionti^rxtn I9 rj In 
tl;'^ fiilhwln^- Lint innnv ^'f tbn htihrrvijttinn* no*f lb 
<«iiiini>n unu uv AlphfrVwcloilly ununfrJ.- 

A.11,» '.*t h^\.. lnK^hirtur of mU Al^p^ flj-oMwiba^ 
AC, tftft Vi\tufim\^ bL^fMri; Cbml A- IX* *■■# 
ilffdMiii, in tba _vt»p til <iup I-or<l - A,H-, thn r>mu ui 
tlw* H»B»«i- A.M. jfjti- vi^i-^r/irn. fnh«n™in ; kh^ 
flnpij inQix/i^ in till' jmr nf ihe nnf^it^ unit anium 
mnifMio: lUHtrr tr( uU A ILA,. UtfOciaLe iT UMf 
HotU Auukii>y. A4£X,^,uiidi'ufteuf the Il*jr4 
Sl-oIiikIi AcfwIctBy- A,l-',i'-. tih "pte c<fitJiim^ tba jiar 
fromtbohdibbnir^if Komd- llvf-tlnrunat- B,C-,brfbrt 
Chml- W.V 1 1 . f4i<hrlnr nf ritil iHtv- H Tl.» WbfLv 
«<li:lkvii]lt>: W ^1.. bacbi^tnr vf njcdlcho Rpn. Irii^tfi 
B V„ bloml Viiylt: t\ nr tb»w., uluijiltr- U or 
ccuL, a hiinilfnl: C.A , chart«r«r A<-'oc>untat]t CL&, 
<nmi«iLidnof tbe Itatb. C\R.<iriL nnpncor; CM.O,^ 
iiwnpiiniAi] nl ibflordnr nf St M irhjb'l arui S4, <S««f)p- 
I'm, liiinHivrJw^jfht' riC* L^ dirbPT rf r4vil Inm- 
L>. I>., doctor I'f dlvbiltv l> F., do fundrr of tht fdik 
DCt,. Pti' v'lif'*'. br tlu- unxE uf Cl«l. D,V. /fc* 
hk£cH'<, <'od willinirJ U*t,, |H4inywiij;ht - E-G-.cr' 
fl»*p/j' TTQ^rt, f iif n^Ain^'b^- Txr, ^t^onl-ir: TAt*-. W' 
la«oftb4>AnLiqtiiinui^^-HmKLT P i«.A.f*l]oii«fOitGa^ 
liVloalSw»"ty Y L> ,frlli>«^f ih?tJnnBan4McCTr 
FJd , aolrlmuflial y.lE.A^ , ft'irun nF lb Bff^ 
Atlnmifbilcal^Mi.'.uMiiiF Svofity; ?,1LC,r-,Ut«<i»«f 



I 
I 




ABB'd (ST.)^A&£lJlKD. 



JkMlqDBfiiH: ltft]..faUoD: ti-O B.. knlfht i-ramJ crosj 
cTlbrlUtJi: IUuLh hi-jfibr^I. U.M,^, tivr EitELjL^iy* 
■htp^ lL.oE]kuiL, rAii'c'n. inlLe tdiut \iImk lil.. ii/tnr, 
tbcwDOfl.'L^hifj^tluU ii: (^ J.H-K>uHuUylu€ikal 
ntxm t* vEATiiiihg f«»rJf«' AifnunJM ki^j^jT, Jatiia 
|h* KtTii^nr (if mnti, «ir l>ir ^a /nr tfruntf laUit, in 
Ihli icriui In sUtatLon; but lb ntu orl^luLlj 11] 11, 
tlsfUtt Oittc IrtLcri i^r 'ni2or£ i/fji'irjt, iht tim^k 
^rm □( Jtnu; hii»t-t iticoirftit"^ nakiurvn; In^t., 
iotlmal or of Lkv month: J-P,, ji4>t>iM nf tho pcntfi*: 
■'.I' I*.. j""'p* i»*^'i«"7ii» (i^Vny, <|(Kii.ir l«»iJi nl the 
(irtJ ^TiA i^nciiin law kML., knlL^'F^L of tV l^^li ' 
K-C.B., knight c-Dinianilcr i^ tlic JUlb: K-^.' 2t%Ah, 
kuiflit o>ixiiiuiiili^c ul Sv Mjtljm-'l 9tA tit. ticu]-jc<r- 
tfi.. K lU K,P,. K-r, kiiijitt -f Iha Gfcfter, «f 
Huortr. t4 St. f^Atti^ik. tf thn Ttiifllu L ct tiln. 
pnijiirl' L T>.. tjuty-^Liy- M|i , l^iTiUtiip- liciit , fi^n- 

Imbtof Ilia l^uCKtv vt ApntltuciHct : M.A., iiuhUt tpf 

het fif [>ftrUu!ifi>t jV1.l{.r' S. mH>nk]:cF of \h- H--yt.\ 
Odk^ u( 6uFuci>]u; hl:^.. niauiiiici'iiit- M^S.» luhuii^ 

ivdiMftittin;;, ^' unninlriioii«!yj .V.S , upwatyltf Ott., 
nltaiti^iti I) S., iijii htylt J Oti]ti,» r/firfifpri^, uf 
DifpnL Ol, cHiucvi Pur tiutil,, |vi' cuuiiLiu, hy tlif 
faulullxl, Ph.lV. ji^ J^txnfihif: ifiit-lf\i\ 'IfcU'r *if ]pUil^t« 
topbj P.M., p"** mf'**rf*^n, aJt'^ro<*nnr P,P, i-anali 
pnaC: iVSi. |Vii«rU^pt ; <^., 4|IIHtt4~ill! tjA' . <[UlVri'll 
OHiacil: (^dK-D-, ^mil r^at tlffivnttraiiriti/ii. trhidj 
■■«ttab*(iiMnniiitlr(Lbil 1-^ y^V..iWKirrtit/Di-iiiatmn^ 
wUob «■« u> IndiMK. Q.Ss.^mjj^umffur'lW/.Mnjudj 
^ IB ikidiEirnl (^.V.. 't'"Ai iV*^<. ftLiL'ti trv. ItA., 
TvJtX lUAJtti^ii^LiUL: rujnl lullilcry : it. 15., rtijftl vuj^. 
ncur*: ItM-, rv_v*J ipiiriufli Bio*., njVvmvJ- R,K,, 
p^aI nnvy- RKA-, T*tvnl S(M]U«h niulum rinn ; 
ItL llnrt . 'l|flii hnnnriralil'' Rl ^Vikfiil , ti^ht ;tni-- 
ililpCal: A orBt. mIiii: Stc, tvcn-tiiry ^i^.. teithet . 
lUMfirli". vit. ^.P.i^.lC, ri-ri4/«j iiopt\tfir'j»it Jiimt'ni'i't 
I2irfvibi>ie uiJ jKUfik of Kumi^i t^t^, utrect. !\T-P', 
*a*fto AAcjJo'/it fn-»»Wtr, profwor of dtviiiilji 
T.CM) . 'inruy rdllp^jm, UuWin: V\t., nif'fot, liut: 
CT, (."ftHr-l iV-hjUTl*)! r,S„ t"liilf<i STnl«' v., 
Ttitr, Hc: \1i-. I'liii^fr-'. tu ^II, ur imiUL-ly: ^V.^,. 
WRf4=r lu tliK tiifiJcL , Xuut*^, CliiblLUt;*' Xji.. C^ri*- 
LiMi: V**, blicin; V'\ thcin V', j'tm ami jc*r! V", 
tiua: V,. tU. v. Ihil, 

AM'H (^ t llKLi^n \fity pnnn^kiLti-Pty nf T^inric);^ 
■Ilin, iiiuLi»1 itD \hr Ti'ijlh Snt, hi Xhf rxin-ni- fit- 
trton lu llw FHtli uf I'urih fr^iu lIii? tiuihuiuJ. 11 
nilv iurtli^ii«'t uf tlju L<-r>«^i if BcrwifK- 

ApWT, Tn^ix^S ft (SuniiEvn pbilomjiliiaJ mriW, 
LcvM K4>t, 'J£, Kl-P, Lt Ulm, m tfunl'Uk nhd di'<fl in 
17^f. Il^ (tritmct f^ihihit vnfj^ni***, iLnciLfinnlinn^ 

parllrulv^y IjI> trr^iiw Un .}fifii. lit va^aly 

untlrt^if hfk^AiilliilliU Lu^iiLii^l wiuf Lilly iikLltiiTiil, 

Ibtwrllm Hltcs III El>f tiirn- M I 'xin^, ^■il4rpitrr»i Willi 

Hii ItmieI XicoUi |»LibIialml hL« wurk«iu«uiulvmu> 
ti^ lat deaib. 

UllB^An orifttl, IxLitt l>_v tliit 'l'*>,ini in ii,l^ SJ^. 
Tfaougli it b(«il«il «I bcfos Uii? iiAtLVcfl&i>vgr JLTcDio- 




vriluB mnA VnitfnA, lU uilutUtsuU wen {irintilut 

for tbipiiiit^, 

AhMCATroV, ppavparly (ha i-olimUry, bii; lonto 
t.miA^ a]u\ ihr ji^fnliintAry iwJifnatu>n -"ir nn uIIIm ^f 
il^^Ity. LDiJ mum c^vdAlly tluit <:tf lomri^j |iitW4*j. 
Tlu; uiiAt fLUki^iJi (if vgJuuluy luyiU nbJiixtirum br» 
thoK uf the QEii|>cTi»* IliwcloLUii afici Mniitmjjkiii in 
805jorthcBDipvrcrCliAflc« V-iii MJ'A-. lA Chti<iiaii, 
IJiiavn of MA«i«n, in Ir^M; nl l^nii l^knbpartQ tit 
llnlUrLf] in ]»LI^: anH nf Ivpuw^if l^vifU ui l&J^. 
Amoii!/ tnToLuiiur^' olalEcatJitiii nmy ht iijinriru"] 
ll»uK «f >'bvu[dum lu im will I6]4p; ^f ('Lki|*p X. 
of Fmncfit in Ivvour cf llio Duka (if BnnliAu:^, in 
HSO; nnj| of [^;uj* PhiUppii, In fAri>iir nF li]« i;tuhI< 
inn, tli« (/'-iiiht 4if PjLi-u^ in |J<4^- ^]>i!jr'AtW duu* 
not lupcnsoAly rvi]ulrc tho piMiTtLrn of & ItJitriaJ 
dB«l. b«l ni*j be fjotumpJ hom tMU nnil pifi?«Tii- 
ftlAiic»« b* lu blic uvc iif llii: Kiij^lbili lEfiiiliiiiiju ilk 
li^hEi, nlicn, afttr h>nj; ildlaABc, il 'Awi tr.itiAtaA hf 
imih hcHiH* of forliuTLnTil, llint " Kin^ .Tiunt^ II,. 
hTi'iibjjf cnili4Vnbrvii E«i «iilpviTt Irlia cntlitullob *4 
tTir kiTi;;diini, by lircakirh' thr <iH|;^fial ifntLm^t lus- 
IWHP hfjtu iVkil pi-u|ilui luiit by Uiv *ii«W itf Jiwiiti 
mid titUfr ■ritfknd iMn^taB, liavi^E li^tutnl l]u< fiLU^Ea' 
muitaJ Uarv, An<l having withiinwn iLimn^^f nut of 
llifl kinpcJciiit bunidZ/wfrJ thoj-nvi/mmp^iit. And Uiat 
tlir^ tlin"nin li Dicffliy vftmnl." ^ot lliw *'kviri-('i;rn ol 
(tti'kt hntun nrmol ii^ftitiuLitiifllly i&^vlii'itt*^ ul lilm 
\tr hiT i>Aii rT<i.<'^ill wltli-itil Uui [:»iiK<ril i>f 1h>lIl 
biiUnf* I'f imrliniiLt^it, 

Ani'-L'i'-LiAi'iJ', kn rmiiwctt Ai*1> writrr. boni Ah 

AiiioriL; 'itljinr timnchH ft knowlfiipt luiwi* himMlf 
]:An]E'ij|&rty ^qiiidntArl tttth mnditfiM, v hldh hn [im> 
Liunl tilL Uh^. wlivn Iw qnitUxl Tjikn^lJ^v Cnwn, an«l 
Ai-iit In mlJp at PujivtiiB. Ill tht* dty i^ah bbi'a 
lirUI tb< coitrt of thcp ocbbfttcd SfJhiUnl^ wb^ b»k 
lUiu umlvt IlU f lAtKiDiLgv. fcnd funtk^bfit him with 11*4 
iTinLnii buth uf IntuUiiitf into (Uutnitl t'OLrlit ttud puU 
liatiiiijj thfi nviilt* cif hkH (itiK«irviititjnA, After thf> 
death at Sa^adia Iw heat tv C■ln^ wli(di ba hjul 
prcvivuol; vlulcJt ik-U<rtt<l WturH"n iiiv4iuiw ojlJ 
oiliDT ■ciniK*. oiiJ f-ub1iitlit-i «u cmllvut ikBCriptivb 
of H^v|>t. wliLcJi i* tiilL okuijIh ikEiil fun»i Iba founcbt- 
tic>n uf kiii f*in*L He k.ltnrvu.fl'i rwliirnnj tcf >*)ti(I, 
4nil In tbunrrasrwiif pfnKi'ctillii^ia jillKriiiiMf* tn Mvn-4 
ivu Ukm [U Dt BAfdvL. ui^ ilieJL tben? In 1:^1. 

AfiKU |<ri>|ierlj lJcb£L ^Ilcb. brioth, n'ifOui\ ttiut' 
tibiritieK), ihb iDOODil >0D of A'lbUL. Ilu woab >bbj>> 
Han), uikil ppprw. bbtli fiuiu Uie luatioiuny uf our 
J»ril Urruftuir ^Miitr vtui. 36}, mil fnmi HfK xi- 4 
Ani3 ) iTnbn Hi. 1 K, bn Iilta Iwn iliitinKninliivl hy thn 
vjuour iri Lio fAlLh Aiiii the parUy of hln Lfr. II" 
tjjvu(;1jb AH iFlTciiikX ^f <J» J'*i'l "^ ^ tijiUiu^uf 
bin {t.»i\-,, MLtl wEu *t>:<)>tc'4t, Cmu. wh» liad bno^ 
na offurinM of iUd tiivt-iriiitii uf ttu ipronnd, niid bavit 
r*jiM-1i>rJ, AIM fetiinif vrilKindiarjini! nnT/. ui'T ifiV^nff 
way tri tbr«n dinlnfirni inwInuK, lifC'il up Ijui Luuiil 

Ot^ftilUl IliB l>njt1jL-J ALltl iJfH' IjIiII. 'Uli- ^^AK l1i(> fljKb 

liuiitnii 'icatXi tli'il Uiok I'LiH't- jii i\» wiirM> nnrl Winf 
Llki: L^lfi'ot iii>l nulv I'f uiunlur, IiUt "f fpAtrir-iilfr, ciw* 
ffiDT^ul il|rji<^ut]o|| i-i iliM TIIIU uliioll bail Ixi'H ^T-'lh^Ilt 

nn .mr nAitin* liy thi- InJJ In Uw tirly i:hiiN'b hn 
WBii <<otiiU'1r>T«| tlv nrvT. Tiiurtyr. ikuI Hvicrul ■>! llin 
faUtur*. nmuLi; <>tlit'i) rit. Clii^mvL'ni auiI Anjfiiciiiit 
nrt'^ri) biiii 1* a l*|ir "f rbn*l, 

Aii|-I.hM:u, Pi^Tt-fl. <in|:Liini])' AIiojIm^I. a iii4&k of 
tl>ii iiritnr- i.<f ^t- l(rii««liot, vrjiiuJJy fQiiK-UB fui^ Li* 
I'^miii^f iknH bim |4Wr]iffL fm' H''li>3i-r, hev* tutni fn 
li>TB. iiciirKfliiIwi, in ilmHltlH viJbii^'cif J-nK't. '*lik'li 
viuilli^l>i'o|ivrly"FhJr fh^biT T^fivnur^j'. ll»iJl1^^n- 
tic»u W bliij t>) iirr-L-r n IJber4ry lite, nml !n "tikr 
Ed ilvvoE'4 LliiHvl' JiiUy tv f4^t]v*o]flij. lie ixilini UU 
pxTFLmrriiy Eo [tin bntLliifrq, Hu Biifdii'il jiivtiy. 
rbvtJiHi', i>bJI(»ii[ilfy, jiiri«|irui]««ncf<i hint tluaiTDgy, tliQ 



« 



ABBLARD-ABBBCUOMBY. 



■ 



Greek. Hebrew, imd Lotla liiaj;u*Gi« «tiil ■oiUi be- 
attot fjtfoillAr wiib LLrra : liut BcbtJulie ptiUoflniflix 
diufly cngogwl liii altciitton. TTwu^ Bnt^u^ 
tboa |ieaMri»'l mui^ <liflLni;ttU]i*(l noli^iui, Iw hod 

KmI| ififi utiivpmiij uf wMcb iltncrtaiL itudott* 
tna aU |*itf* of Europe. ASi'UliDjn de CbanipiMLi 

notoruxv ovbt liu majivr In «oTitMU df v(1 tsuA 

■DOE ■ucccoled by enniityH in u Mil) Uh ni\\i<i- f-hit]iu>. 
iooik pub; ami A^^ vho hud m^i yol tuibpti-U'I hu 
Slid TCw. voipRl tKe onwcqwDH* ot tbolr illwUI» 
by bdnp Unwttf *t UcCan, wUther lio »«« iioji 
nUftWwd ^ ft laultJtiuia <^ v^uii^ rrwu. wlia wvra io- 
^Inevil h^ hipt ivpi>uticth tn Imii thi* uhiui* rkf Van*. 
in onler To ■uonl hit krturais Hoptilltyt Uw rlfc^ 
uvity vt DdTj. uid puthr, it ni^at he i:oaf«*nI. of 
Lit uwB iRWHiom ■ItU vui«iicd bun, Jkiul Jw tcf> 
Uddi far Corlxol, wtinv bv 4iii no l«« udmirDd KttJ 
p— »qot*d. Is enDpliAndu with Ui# advii» n( iii* 
phpiJdMf. h» ■MQ Kin mnitMil U» bbnnm. for Uir 
pUiVH of Ritorhiff Ui illnnlVfQil bOkhfap b7 a Journey 
l4 nln jiftUvo uUcr. After tnu ycon Eu ixlurii<i] 

tp>1nBfaiBwrt«utliBr)UiiLopaiTDd aachnul oF rhdli^rim. 
thvfuMtif *hi<^tiv>nii ibiiirimi ihll cli« othiM^ ^f l1if<ir 
popil». Ufl Irrtuiwl on rhfltnrfOn pWlor|»lij'. km} 
diwb^i viil «Juiuijf--l siioitv lUnLnif iji*1if?il f4.<tiuljLn, 
■inuiiv vliuiii «*« tJiv fuLmu r<J]je d:lcT»L;(i 11., 
Pctof of Ltfiintar^lj'. Bi-hnp uf Piiri*, lt:ftji|jflr, 
niatifhp of ^wUurv, b(L<i Si, JSomitiL At tEii^ l^in« 
Ihtnv* rWiiInt tt l^iLDa a yvumc I'vly, laytL.imi llvfcrita-, 
nfMe l« Fiilbot^ * anmi of Ni^rrv Ihi^r, dim i1 tb<< 
aieanfMr«Eit«u, aiie wmiuil rruiaikAMcfoi Unutyp 
Imt ill hiir i:Tmiji jvhI rarioit iKi3i»ii|iJii>hDWBl« |m«- 

t^l AUnrtioTi" of a hgih ordtr* A.) IhAnrlj hti 



IL4A tiling v'4(v nf t|^ btowim htipirul 

witli tbcli /ic]^ I '. I - I r lltbsi* H to for^ hit 
duty, hiK Klnr. ■ I ! . - /iirnfi. JIaldielru no Iam 
atlBA^itJhlo, TiL'i. r lJ., ^m^Uil cif (Iiiihliliiif hrr 
t>liK»lkpUi ho"'»i ■ii. I I'.ifTt'i 1* rmiitfiiin t^i vitit 
hrTn iind KrkatJy t>cr«iai fk n>4iitpnt in bi* bi^aio. HU 
tuBrtUai «0Dilticl in aoi only kbuLng ttu conddiDn 
frUch hibl 1w*Ti |kUMd En )iiiii. bot la droulstrng 
Tnaii la tvhioh In «lAbMA| hb viiUty tdLitnph, xx 
iMt opwd lb« »y«> frf Fulbnt. He Mpun«ud Ujt 
krtvn^ but t» UtTv A, lUil rtikh btf Im BtvU«iiii, 

^Imo tbd VH dcllTiFtd ol a hin, wbn AiitH w\y, 
H* ii«w naolrvd 4o uut? b«r 4*mtly, Fullwl 
ffvrm hiM GBTunl. tb« marrluo wm perfomu^ indn ^n ' 
<4nUr in kftxp U —airt, H«laLiD nmmlncd wlLh h«t 
nod*. vUlib A. rrtiJiiQil iia funBa 1iiLl|[iBuii) ujij coa- 
HeiuaI ^ IpJium- Tbfly H*w udh <>«bcT but wlili^m ; 
^ilberth bomrtr. Ihouzbl tb« n|iDthtiDD nf hU iJlf*^ 
««sLI Ih injiml by Inii ftovl qii1«^ hiiI uiAiti- Li 
loievni; liut Hnliiud^ YktninK A't Iviou Ughot Lhin 
li«r own fiMd num^ wu ki liiffttiuriAd u kp di^uy. 
vHb Ihfi nkmnltir of an Dbtli, Uul *sj luniovrv Iwl 
toba |jla«a Jwcd, iiAltiiftU; cutpvnic^. u hJi] 
t> have bad rvojutM |4 huib teOftAmoni, nihl X tw 
ahJmI mauiyCnf b«r «ir«i*D«cuItSnB, mmI pl*c«(J 
h«r in tb* nnml of Amftladfl- Fulb*ft vntfi«- 
AVilyMitnidl^iiwInMuMtdfflffwIwrtnUlDvUM 
TtU. AOil Vtakv ll» loOiicM* of nn. lubfHtcd A. u 
as IpmnlciaM nutUMton. Hql>w*n»> U miae- 
mme*, • nhoak In ibe aMoy o| St. ]><biB. «l>I 
UokiiH tvolc lb* vvtf at ArgnUml. Af lor tiBH bui 
ifvw«TiM mAdmlAl hnfiirlL b« n«aTiMvl hiji IftfUinA 
tan} Lciinirir»l riifir HimaGkvA. At lh« council of 
mriatJiu. ]n^\ DDUEfenQs bvluj* pumiucij hLm. Ui 
J&Mywt fA< n-M'fy «u '1kW«1 listfli<mL viJ Le 
Wii ceb4ciui*il Utbiint it milli bUown^&lt. iJm- 
linwid pt — qntio— cUigtd bim At li«1 tv IsalB tb< 



■ilfbvt iif 9t,. Peul«. luiJ to itrdiv to a plac* ntmr 
S'niTMiuv-i^viiiif. ■vliciv ic? WUb nuoiittort, vbkii 
ho litiiliMkaJ (4 Our HolyOh4itl,a(i<X«ltL-U Ainj^idc. 
bein^ ■utMmnptly af^intihl Atilvt «f Sl t#ilil<« 
(Eft Ttayiv to Brtlii^i% h* JLfltt^l HplDE^n %nii hmt n- 
li^ui liitorbofld Id rimiili nx, ihfi abnvf" ^ntrry, runt 
rmrvil tbctallvTr. Tb«toTtnuw«obultict bcrv 
i^;ain Co* lb* tiisb linoo Afu t a tepuntiou of clcrvu 
yiun, llo livod kitonrudB hi St. CUdju, ^liicb 
attufdtid hiiQ bui aulooiuy nsiilwos*. IraiibLvl m ha 
wiui hy uliHUOCilMruf ftlLcnn^tfl tn Tnrnrrrk tli# rnnnkt, 
wlio hvi'ii JinaUuvd bb Uf^ uJ firubably iij;i mon 
bf ihpj JtrtiK^m vrbldi be oould nut but f«l irU'm bu 
tbvufi'ljC u( Lu iTAlncct of UdiuBD' fib, Ikniutf, 
»Lo bikJ Ioh); rtAiMiE to pncoeU ngiumit a nun trb^m 
b« CHtuviiUiiJ, &]u|ly yiuJdfl'l trt Ihti rap«)lvJ iwaon- 
«EnnRHii of hifl fnxrjiK UM thi>iVirEnnnt 4it A. tWoro 
lHd muiinil of SrJu, In 1110, hivl t1}om onEulenmal 
by lliD pufVr AEtJ ublaiucii im uclcx' fi»i lii* iinpti>D|i- 
muit, A. mppfuln^ b/ iho iJti|iu, fJuLU^ljul H* do- 
fuDW dnd voitt t-T KriEiiu, PuiclnK tUrcugh Dufijg 
hit viitit«f Ffti^r iW V^iu-raldr. whrtn'u Abhiit llwt*. 
Ilitii Jiunmnn nnrl *'nliirbii*nwJ divlnr rtTppW^I a pfr- 
conclllavloii brtnctn him iuul hli cntmlo' tnl A. 
(TVjlvE4j lu villi Ilia Jul n lu tt:tiicmi!ut. itu jvvrb 
{tctiaudta *|]i':li J^c? impLkacd ufitm limHclf, tci|ectbcr 
HiLb thi fncf wbiiili iKivor lufB bu> lic«rt, pallmJ^y 
ritniimiAl hiK ■Brmiiflh, «iii1 b* iIimI, a potlsm nf 
monvf.l'- <>WlrilLiv. u] Itl-V nt ihr itbbry oT SI. 
Mi^nrl, Dcur CliulLtai-tiir i^jin-. Ai ibc a^t v( itttj- 
i.bn« >'Eui*- Uduih! 1rj,;ci| hU Uilv- luvl bvl luu 
buriol m Lhe PvacUtc^ *•{ vlucb viio wu at llwt 
tiiiid tbo ilUiam, witb iba rt#n' of rvp<iaif in (I"«tli 
(ly bi« m.lr. Tn »MII0 trw Mhw o^ ht\lh vttv ir^rrrrd 
Xa t\v* Mii«tum flf Kmipb Moiiinrir>Hti a( Vu\*, ami 
ill Xciv. tAlT tvurv ili^^HBtjuO iiudi'r h ^lu'l"*^ filLhIn 
ibc (Jivtmcl* i^f tliv diurcL nf Alnuunv. ^ix njitdl 
diA^T^ Ld lEii foim of a b»ulifui niAfHo mouumffnit 
ia vMjb ihtf ti^-uR4 ol iLo 111 fnLwl [«ir *fv Mcn n* 
podng lid* by lido, ei tiu^ jmiu uf ttw ntflit InUni^ 
lag abjtfU In llm Piriuita nmH-Ury nf P^ la Cb^iiu 
A, wnk ilUUn^uialird aa a ^innLniartaD, nralnp^ Ifv^- 
ciw, {ffU JDUhii'iuL, iJiHoKplitT, thcoEos^D, aul 
inaUwinDtbclaB , but bfllia« luflnvtbUif lajiuUfj 4n 
npuUklJon vbit>b b« uDjoyod anL«g Ha wntaA- 
ixiF««ia«. Uo anJlMl in tb^ art ufUupuUliao- Hla 
Invn iiwl liii ini^fiTtiitiEa bava tfBQnd bm nam* fnm 
ubUtJoii : >uii] ilv mac irbom hla own cwtitory ad- 
inltwl u a imifwad dUlMllatan, la d«« oaWmieiJ aa 
tba iDfeftjT *jI tora. Tbd Idttaf* af A< and Utlcue 
liai^a ^mta otWs publklidl. in ihs orfjflDal and in 
tranilatlofA Parw ■ (lin lii-al rp*U^ E^^iaa iia ifiifa>rf 
li fdundvd tm thtin A-'h xnuilii^tf^pby. antillad 
ilittoria Catctn^t'iT^iH. \w tlill vitafiL ^llip chM 
vidrk on th« t^v of A^ i« nuuiuat'a A^Urd t^ wU, 
Fiuii, If^iAl, A fvajptalu «dltioB of U* nctkt waa 

W4irli< nf A, wera diamrefwl tn rnvnt J^mn^ vnang 
iiihdra .Sr> <-; jVnn, ■ Hitl«liim »f duttrhial cnjLndhH 
U\'[M frijiu ihv Patbant. 

Abklitju; or AnttATiJtm. a Qnullii arot whtdi, 
aADcdbi^ U>14(. ALi^i({ii,«jd*(edlaibD^-«JAJrk% 
nmt hU UAh«prio of Hlpaa^ and* amonf albor aV- 
tnrflii&Bi, oblacaad to nutfntgv, on Iha jpuitfiil l^t it 
»aa unlawful lu pwicatabumaQ nabiao In Ua pn—Pt 
»mit>M4i vUtpe Tlitry Look tbcir nainv fnin Al«]. 
Oil Ibc aa«nn>pllim tlul b* had narcr mafrW*!. ami 
hbl hUuhibl fiuu ivaniago un gnund* aanOW to 
Iheit o«n- 

ABHRPluyniacK. Ban Ar^rvofJk, 

AaKBCM'WUT, ALBAmWia Siwttidi lasTwoid 
jiidcQ vf Ibi Uat ceutuiy, <ra botn in 1 Tit. nd dkd 
lu l?L»l ne^aabrolbartoaif lUlinh Abcavrettbv, 
jukI ia nav fblcdy iva«mb«rad u Iwdh a laloalia 
omribuVr to tba Jf I'lwvr and ^hh^, iwa ffafi- 



A B BKCBDHJty — A llEiEDCiO' . 



nb pablUhoJ a1 B>IJabuvi;U vbidi baw ^M!km ihdi 

w«ila oA ganlvoingt wu bom n*u EdiiiiurnEh in 

I[« m* iIa vilbur «l T^c r/ardiettfr'# Cvlanlaf, Tf't 

0iK« work* oa tha toae Mibjeebk 

«■« botn tn ibf ni>\inty nf Aii|ru»in I«Mt, Md odu^ 
oicd M £l An<J»wd. lie timvdltil tvt Mtnc time 
im Lh» GDntlbvub, Mid Olvd In 1710 cr irs«, lie 
uoMjiWl Tht Jiwtiuit Ai^divitrrttiitM of CAt Sijjtt 
-Vafwv irbidll WD* pttUuhiEJ Ln 17ll-l<^, in i! Tn1>. 
'4L, and ttMuOttod a fiwuih work. ttttJtiad TAf 
CdfiM^nw >■ .SmttfPid in l^^b ffn'f lAll^, vKlphttA4 

pul^hod In iTor. 

KvJMffal dBcvr. »»• (•urn lu I T^t at ]hlTiini<na, lo ihn 
paoarii of Lo|;iD» Gu'linuJiDibuhln. Btind; litai^^iutl 
by Ua f*ttxu ttt tb* ^cvttuth b^r^ b« nu 0lu»ttfcl 

hdaBMunl [acUnatiMi.LuHwcr. LBeat^vd tin wrmy 
Ia ]7£il< Aid flnfr oHUiunoD w tU^I vf wrmt lu 
Uk* 9d &««uii*fil oi TtntfiMfa Guonl*, ulI Li« khi^u- 

hMUwii uiAjor-i^nfn^ id 17 HT- Un thu (innniBBiai- 
iD«Bt of tiut wDf with Frrkiicv h<< vqj viapln^rid In 
nMld«ni and BoILuiil. hUL tha knal rank ci lieu- 
liK^vjVKBiiHhl. ujd iu tliAb«jitiv*l wiidvdiaplit>nl 

aiul tluU »jjj Ljiiuijiiv- In lie Mtoupt upon 
alluHl ill i;i^:t^ Sir Kaipb hiu] Uw wlu wbumhiI 
vu ti>p fifat Jvi^liDB, and lath hi« tmopt »nil biim^Ef 

rlljrdUilltiiTiililini (benuifltYV. lTi«r^>}'^ higlmwi 

^r HidiAi MilMs.L llir- t^-.al fiLjEuic uf iTio uAin-^ttiljuij 
» «uJ known. In iTf£ Eic rcccivi^l the oriicii-Hlit 
BMb^ tOil VfhM ft|>pnint4«i winn^inier-iu-ohibE -.if th^ 
loUMf tn lb* ^V<flt Inrtir*, In thLj fvjittlitii^n li>i 
a^uiblllH bUUhU ol liPFiuiIa, SL Liicia, t^.Yin- 
oat, and TrinblAd, wlUi UicKLtia(ua&U«f Ih'murom 

hpipodnted (wmoLBiKlur-iD chiuf in IrvIninE* ttit f^r 
r<— lilt rgrv jj(Jiiagir*b]ii to linMolF, wiM ^luitrkly rv- 
tmmvd to th* iViIT»apffcfiil<>])t oimnnnil m SimtUnrt. 
the QSH «nii cnndLiiUQV itrvlco of Uiii ntjk uul 
obctitorUiBn dinuFi wv III tli<3 cixfriiljtiuii bi Ky;v|iL, 

md oA tlv y]<t r>f dw i&nw maath wh fou^t (he 

and ■miz^al lu two plooi* nucnUfLJUrulliiK wUldi 
W dbaniMd hia MLtii^ui*L» Ami tuvu Lliu vAut<l lu 
Sb- SjiImt Smitb- U« 1u|ii lL» At^ld Junnc ihr. 
Jmy, mi wm thm oonvtr^od on bt>u«i th* odntirkJ # 
•Ik^, «bin fas >arvlv»d about 1 wv*k. Ui* btnly 
mw Mnnjwl ^ UaJta, uiil JiJlenvd lunoAth ilic 
I'aiibi (if ^L Rlma wiil i^ miHiiinwnfi i^m ^aud to 
Ub tiy parlbainDl, In St, ?aii1'b CaLlK^Jrml. 1li« 
■Uofv vu alw ocviMcd Bu^iiif* .\bcrcnjmtfT, with 
mMloiUr l« Iho iHUfr iuaIo of UhF IaIu hmbJin^ ; 
aMilap«aiB»&<ir jCSOOi^tyabt^iLW ^TfcikluJ in eupii^fl 

jwin I4SJ. wllh lhi> Litln ^rf Burfin DmiftruilinE. 

AsUHkAa; a lunn uf ^I'ljtli WaIe*^ in Glau)cir< 
raTiblrr, plru*i.(ij aLluaWJ at iLa junation of the 
Cjrum uh] Dui\ 4 mild ■oi,tth->\ui ct MvKh^r 
IVdriL Th« cituuvivu i>m1 and iroD miM* ia the 
yfiMtf hit/r* aiirtcl h nvid bOHH* in ttw papii- 



bliow Mid fmoj a mull via*|rch A. hu b«Q)m«ODa 
4I tbo loHt kapartant plHot ui bubiucaa in S. Walm 
B«4dc!* tikD parfjJt ohurdb thrtr ar« h«v*I dho 
<kmh«»i wiu chapob for vanuiu Ilkwoutikg LmUm- 



Thttt U9 wvcr^ bnubi utd hutula. and a jiuUio 

Brk- Abviduc U t-MUi^riHiI lu tliu btwu^fa vt 
EftLiyr TrJfi], and ttinat n luol Ix^rii iWrul^ 
uith tK poinuAtuanf 3(^11S. 

AihOBI'KCX; a <iafiDiy in tb* N.K. nt SerUuid, 
tpminik'l N kTid fc hytho GoniLiin llcnkD: S. Kin- 
cur«iiuu Ami t'jiltif, ttW. l\;Ttb xlu^I liivL'nn"; iui4 
\\\ mxi X,W, liauGT. *-teitcl Irnl^ ><" K M HW,. 
i*l luHva; greabul Itrcvltli. nlaciit iW Kiiti**; Itnjjth 
of •14-wul. fchout fiO luiUa^ an», H'TO ^^^■|»^o loiica, 
Atwiit E4 miJMut Iho S.K. coait tf Iok aivI khuZviuii, 
but lUe zcmalodn ]i wry 1>a]d, uul En xiupj jilwv4 
fKUHnilal bj nsuiArkahlv finnnEit aul otitniH. 'Ilirt 
mlcEiur {> ^BiicnJiv Hill^, mud In tliv ^.W. j[«4 
ibtu Uin li^ftLc^ nKmntUm iff Sojtliiinl. huiunf 
laldch w ETcn Miwdhdi iU cMJitilnfttibg poinv i9&*i 
f<vt hi^lli; iLVunitdiil, l^W fMt- borl CWngorm, 
Mlclinbd fiv iM tajaaUK 400a CmI. Thc-i- and 
uLukt tif tbi oihtr UH^untoun wv i>jQU|>n#i:it cif vut 
QLaww of finmltv. gmtm^S ham aa tho luuiio^t, 
«Jid (ft«n pR*«alLT)|:cnarB9aiiiiUfBl pTHlp(«*» Lva 
on tin Maolhol U lODD fHi. IIm yiviw. a>tW 
ffttiy I* wd, if verj harri, rvodvu a fi»c fo!it.]i, AaJ 
(a Lhv iiKiHb vhLtiaMli ritintfnl Dndutl. <il th' rnmitt, 
Wmjt vtlnvirfly uiianivd for uifiurkitiiEti. 1m 
MK*t tivwi an th* D» «td th« Dcui^ U(h, loit 
urtltivlulf tho f^rmurj irlcld a iMtpt nTiLuo (riim 
their ^ui^n £iihu'-JEW- IW only luat d««rvlag uf 
niiiia* ara (Im lj)fb of Stisthhrjj In the nmUi-rafti, 
And I.Htfa ^^lJit■k nnr lioclini^far, Tlwy an toth iif 
vur; wmtii etluut^ Thv EUoiv lautiiiUbjcii* (livtrioU 
luv« ftLTDhiii^ f^iroita, oontaUlji|{ aun^fleml vp^ol- 
ai4jip rtf SuuLdU tir, Afi^ w«U alowd uJtb d«u and 
uTliT liuJ* oC iramu. ITu aoU vativa omob- Hill*. 
HnjijuliniP, utiil AUiiJr PirtunJi liwU (nrwi nvtrly 
tWD'thlfbi of thu ub^l^« ir*'k. flv bji-IiIk hitidt 
ly'tiiii cfalcJly 1>Tt«i't'ii tfav l)<iii (uid tbv Ytljan. la 
t.ojti|.i.*;U ul I^i;kL InikjEi iiji Xhr. n\']MviM, aUil uT b?4vy 
Wi iNt unfirtilo cbvv nrju thn ouuL Tlio cUitato 
an Uia p'liolit U inilfl, ih^cich tliu nufr-mar U UitJi 
4hrprf. flii4'l iniTL^wltat iip>;;i'niiil Vi hnvt i« grnivn Ui a 
viTj tjrpjU'kl r^lfnt, ftT"I thi> jirnvnJliDiJ <'C"|> 1* rtkiM. 
VviiU-it iiEid lunil^i un Uli];i<E> kirvwu. ifurtii'xjluly 
liio lalbrt, lu tio Ki**^^ t'^ iliH^'Hi wjd inlLlf, llie 
roaiint' °"'^ JilUmitu; uf ^LiL.-li la tbo nui*! ini|i"rtBiit 
t>r;»bch *'( mnJ i4idLutr/. Vijry biiibsjjcliv Ijia 
lIhi tilvkidrrfl mneh ifi rv<w'nt }vni-<(. unit hnL-l> S-nutEA* 
iiir] (Atil^H ^ * 1juyr< amount, are annuiJly « ipiirCHf, 
cliEc-lty tu ilu Luii[tL>n itiarkvu TUu Jtibtuiru^Lurt*, 
cnmnil »» i^hinfly in tJic buwcj ul AbETiIeun oillE ila 
viciJiJljn an* cxti^Einitf^ ninl (»»i«at chi«fiy "f fajHTf 
ult4^1»>ib. Mid <'^b'ip, Lbiiimr ntiH ^x-toJEiik i^uiEc. 

AniiJLtiKEA, ihc eaplial of (.Tin itl>i>VLi conntj. «fj- 

a.'mit Iff twu iIiit]iiE:t tiiitiak, ulHitil a mllu itoUE^dvt. 
tlu' AeiLUdt^x, which) tv it« munii iinpli<«i ia the 
iit^i> anririit» 11 plcuikntEv idtmi.t'ii nt^r iho R, IttDk 
"f thu Ihm, nni). cuntiu(>Ti( of im* |iini*'i]-«l ttiwT. 
Lt ivniiu-kjiblf* Tor iiiHhing «iC4<pt ihc bullrlmp of 
Kluy* ndll'i^r, atiil llio PBinalnn^ lii! enthnlnJ.tlia 
iiavv (if whJL;h» im^ fnnnkitf tlic |i*rbh tUuevli vt 
Old M«<bar. ifl flLak«d by tv» fine rp irc*, niA boa 
rv«qitly qikci-r-^n* axloiuivA ranura. Nciv tbv tawu 
ii ilio Lng i>f rol^wnio^ w old Uiiil^ nf Don, arm- 
d^Liti;^ of A {^utJiif trfh ot 47 fevt tpuji. find ffly«t«il, 
it ii >a!il, III iLb I4l1i o^turj L> Robert Unit-K 
^^lpxv Ahmuu^n, fginun^ tlo city jiru|wr, uUjcHy 
trlDfck-l uQ a rlung |p^>uDd an tba K, buk, auii at 
tbt luuuth >jf th4 Dec, Pf Ekilce K.E. Edinbaigb, u 
a baoilkfiiiiv b)wu. «iti>i«ting mneraUj Of ipacicfiia 
■tiviriii, tihffl Vy i,Lklatiiit}a] hod <ifMi «i««al baoHB 
of gn/ gmiitit, TLiT piiDc!{al atnet^ aaB«il UniftB 
Strae^ wbkb onqft a ntlun h^ a tplDodliJ bv^o 
of a idulft aruli^ 13^ !«( wuk. i* oWt a mild in 
ta]),>lh; Kuic;StRa( and UarkalSlnMuv aim good 




8 



ABEKKBTIIV—^DILDQAABP, 



■ BViMcf mtfiliillkin* >>r :4i-nuiBlk bLiit;^, ilii* iVknutjr- 
liulldiiiK*. ■ new bcjU MutMiVL- r<Uii ut O^Vdin vltk ou 
luMbis lotfcr, MiLiiHltnl i''01evv< t£a KmCEiwh 
CvUflEr; ibr c^mnmr ■c,|inL>].n now ^nuiitA bilitiw (a 

GV^Mik^I: A i1 ^Jif>aTJH' PlnM.lhrt.nuln' liHll,thr>iniih^ii 
I. thd TuwM Aud C^'jiiiiLy Aiid axe North »[ rkH^b- 
l*tlfl Iwiik*. Lli>.- laUM;^* frUUrm, <iin>l<'ii~» li'upiUil. 
llw Immckii, Atiij ihv Lnlmu^itT. I'licmirjit iiuinjiUut 
UMmfiunav* itra (infill jnm *rL<.^ tlimih'i, ™tU)n t«i'l 
«hI ««U>ib ^W'l', wnAllnriB, uili'Inth. hnaiivry, ntiiilM, 
mp«r, poUthtil rfut\lii\ tiiuMtn. imk 4hip« Trii< 
Wfrtov ami doc^ Uiv entnncr Ut vhU-h Ij 7im< 
tast*il hy (k plar jkiuI lii'CBk>viiLtr< nm tiji; aud 
irtrTi*iT'- ^Ix* fcrniini truic v* ccticHy vitT. Kcirtli | 
^jubrol tbc Baltic i)j« I^Ait luiii V\i.i>t luiiii*, ntid 
, Uw AlKfildmiuiin, 'rb«M ih uUn n vnry i]Lipt>rtAijt ' 
ffiOMtlnc (^■1<\ tnjt Ht4uinirmi pljrrrfpilnrlvu^ Jjifnimi. ' 
LtUb. NV^oMtJf, lfLl]I.^Vtuk. 0ikiirjT.aiiiil9li?LlMi'1. ' 
Tht vix'vt iirtjxiUf (11? wliHt. lluvir. citolt, lall^ lUi, 

TWUan |}<nJ«t Hiwn, OftttU, dmry |ituiIu4:<^ ]-<irV. \ 
■AtmAH, %nd ifnnit', Thvr* vtvr* 'JM BEvhnpi: vi-niiii 

<iC IB7l^- A-. <jriKLJLih]lY (bI]c-| D^^vniklLJiH t'lmn^-L-J iLi 
tuiM fir»t V* AWrriffoiiorAlwhlin;, i*n4 ■i»k'»i.'"iiiuulK 
In AIhuIoiw, from wlkih lliu liruu^tioii uiui u;»y 1" 
AtitnUvn. It JiH^nrnr a T^iv^l liwrzh nl'iut llJfO 
'nim VTf* fomutlr ITFO uiilrinJUn }d A,. Kliifi 
CiJ]i^(; aMl I'njv-i^riLty (fimutli-il Lu H^t) ffiOlilA,. 
jicict M^iH'lial l-'wUck'* Mid (JLiifiThCy jfuuri(1<<| in 
]&L*L|) in X««r A, j Liit in l^^'IO lliuy wbtd unil^'J, »iiiJ 
WW fom obvunivirMtv, ncch Fuut fBouki«K. l^vuntj- 
en*pp>TdHr«. fji'l Ait i.1t4.-fiitikfiTikt iii«r,'iOl|khii1f<iit* 
Dr ThiiiHU n-id. I)r l«i»f>re t^'iiTdmll tuiil ili^llii! 
Itli* inriJ WLtrv (irr^ftuaur* «t A, ilio ujunI i-;iiLiiiutl 
lUttinv BfviliJiii EtorlioMi H'n pocl, r.caiti'ifi Jntnii^iinn 
Ifav fKkiQUr, Jftm*^ i.('rc-j»r7 it* mvintir *if tVr 
ivflacEinc l*l.*<«ipe, r^iul |»r Juhn AWoron]tie, 

AUKH^CTlir, JciHS. (uiflimiirtil lr*fi ^'nsl^^vWTlftJ; 
tliviiv't VHH turn la JiCMidoiHli'fr)' in \CfjO, ^Uh'au-*\ 
Httly in GIa>i£i>pv, niM i-jrlly In KliulfUTift*, *ikil 
illfd ilk 1744'. II« ■IwitincLiikhi.*! hicrfwlf aUnty \iy 
hii mr*.[ i\*e irUiCitiVM Ulvrly. ahbil lii* rwiktujai Vt 
vhM In ifeemnl itfifWTfetjW auth^ifily tAi fliv |ur< '*! 
Ihfl Irbb (mTiyltrr, BwUt* rH^iHiiiiikAl aKFtiniiM 

l)nnilt)ITrl3-l,bit1*li>Tihcriri^4Titljuidnr livljiiii] L^ 
■I^Ane^li «iii>vkU, ili*piiv<1. l^lf tn lifn bu Imcaiifu 
" tlir (iiti^J. aiiJ tuL*0|v*ijtir Ui9 liicml uf (Ja' ihW- 
braM JuEiu tltmtvr III ir^D Im iKnuni; luvUlArit' 
•ut^ftviL %■> Si. Bifth-i'Htui^^m Hofpiul, wl fehariJ\ 
■ft#nr*ri1* ^miV t^' jiltm aI Jc'Iu'w ho MiBtomy ui* I 
vuivf) . |!|i'W hi* Ait«iii»* Uift hapiiAl AtUuhvl 
ft^bi^i^ ■Idcli, a luii nvvsr Mimnjcii^. Hi 

CUa«hL-lS«ryKqf f^irrRtfiflMiiiS tvlB.,an4l /^rfh/rj 
1 r^t, npluHAary 4if Mr, HuDWr** aiibiont i>f 
th» vlUl iiFBcw^ M i Uvids (iruUlff ah*^. Jn one 
«f hit iim|!4 h« fh^» An BMnuut u( euv* in vhirti li« 
^hI IM ibF pitvTTuI iWme Lrtrrr. * hotd ami m«i^ 
Mrkui «t«nL»jii *U\i.i, nt»U\i4wfd hit fmtnt. Thv 
■iMl baporUui -A h;«<i]iLi>u« «ii*T%« V^rtiimiontt 
Oi-tfit mmt T>mtmmi «/ A«t«r /h:i«u<>. 11* ^TEtd 
flft tliA |t«li M AiinL lini If4 VH noUd ^41 Mt 
line kaDuU kTifl Ih* mv{>li[kw vi Mt UAiin«« la 



ft^ldrotlui* fAtiuEkbt. Iltmikt utA iild ^««-c til* 
i*niiOJfA| niHm* -tf I'vm ; mid ii ^aa* m^ uTmonuivn 
fur hitn to iKltrnBa vu-lrly r>r dyapriilivflL ^liHbl* of 
lliflliiBli^rdiu**i* thi»'— "M»i!utiiili«*|> yntirninwj 
Ut liiiy a Kkiiijiiiitf'miii'!" ur ''8ir, Ijvn on i^tprrm 
O'lby^jLoJ tmiu it T Vrt hii finj^lirwit vu kU on 
Iki natddPb fur *t bmrt lie ka« rfntpAttiiniiH umI 
{^BflRui^ H^ff kiitovii. hi th' niidit nf tha inuat ili4- 
lingiiiAliCr] prdf^ioit. tiMlor'tU niiioUi^ hia timti^ 
ULlrniU Ici itlii (wrir Jtiitt ■1i*litiilii, 

Aitd ( iiiilni %E. tf lliv bmii, i-t iVrtk II i« uip- 
p-tKi| t» luiv« litrii ibu iM|dl4J i^f (Jic I'lcUv lluTn 
uiu bi.'Tv A rvU^fiimi b^UH' dAlioftt*^ tu lit^ Brhttf*>t. 
uJiicS ivAn k'lig (bRU'ua; nfi<l linv, tou, iIh- (Adi]««4 
iintitinii«l till UuHr «j(r|Trpniion in llm ^Ttb iwnluTT 
A cani|il?uipUH itbji'rL la (1il- ^^ilUsr n k tDund tovtr 
ijf h'JiH'' huLiiLiiil}', 4.1 ttvi ii>uimI at the !«■«» mud 74 

AiiV];t;ATlL:>K ff l-inliT la t]i*ii»a* gnrnkto4h« 
rlitliTnniv liKtwi^f n thn pUr* «i itlitcli a vtar ippeM* 
lu t\\'i hrtwiin. luid iliat En ulilch It v^mU affnov 
A t'klin tfic nuth Mcic w>itJi4>ii( uruljuii. vr dio tnoi^ 
uiiuiua uf Ijirbt v?K iiiitv]t4dW4iu. Oittiif to bvtii 
i>&uiH cumlrinvd — to thy iii'>tinn nf thv «artb rr4nii] 
th« aun. ud thff timn ^ivhiob li^bt tjiliff to jvaa fr<<m 
r)[i0 inint Ui biinll^fir, it ii n Bnmmy In vKviiiif tUAt 
U)fiiu^L A trIncciDc, tO pIOGD ibc liivlniTiiiait Al n 
• run]! krij-fo M'jtlj llii.^ init i>Um uf tbc vIat^ ja Dtlxt 
hurd-p Wd mLi't l-:ibd it !k iitlti: lU ibv ump (Urvction 
IM Elmi ill «>}u4^b tliP f»ttFi iiifiiH. Thf Ib0» lb* 
Hpml n( IJ|{ht nn»f«|ii that ni tlin #4rtK lltABnUkr 
UiIb Ancle lb -. and aa tlic vclwlty df iha fenrwr, 
uuounUiiC (III 19^.1100 iiiIIls fmi >L-iuiki. ia btn llniiHir'i 
Uiun gral«t tliBii ibnt ft llit laltct. tlw uiel* tX it* 
uLbiilmuiiidpe*UDloi«Dil^{i''- Tliff v Iftct it t4 v*lBt 
til* s|]EiAn<iil plus nf m «t&r inoTt rojn4 tiie Me 

Iktjuw*, in A nniill oiptIo i>r nUi-r c lEipag, n^ • oo^ 
wata nili or 20\ Tlili njiEMnmt iimtvinknt luati a* 
toil); Afi Ititibur ilio nrllj h^uihI Otw rittt. *.t- %yvar, 
ni tbu viid c-r ifl-liJuii lliv hUir tJ* ^tbctl? lit th« lAiue 
idf^pAnint position an at ju (i^imuicriwiriaiit^ TIk 
nli*in1lon '^1 li;lit 4'Lia ijiicot^rvd, in IT27, hy ik 
I'Fihy'lwIi fLBEr-ifLnrEiiT T>nirJ|4'V 17-f V *i^h<>, m alfj^mptiB^ 
111 ilr:Efnmric< Lhn ]i,t]%|]fiK ol cvrtnm fi<nl vtiox ^b- 
■"r»<»I ;>f-|«ni|it I'banntH cif plAt-*". ^dith wtiW ncft Iv 
ri|»lALjt<^i -Ti fLri> ultiri tbihU tliv vWvr VJi'i<^|ilv. ll 
fufiiitlii* IL ijiw pfit'd vi tLi: U]oLJ<.>Ei <if tZic caiII; nmi'! 
itio fUJi, intJ likdWuv 4i»iilirni> tlio Vulucily bkf liffM, 
ci[ wliiuh tJio Dhiiiidi Aiitivtiftntct Kmitar wa« tJitftM 
iSlHtivwrvr A firmiili^H ttimry uf th« AbtmtMn ol 
1ij-l)( *v< v|taii«iJ bj ikw-l. 

An£K»T^ITJr, It tcntpul, iiiLiiirc. ai"l \mr\. b**-» 
Aiid lii*)i>r.tiii^LiJu H^ni4^riiJfj-p!*c4 o| VTaIib. in 1^ 
oauiTly aiiJ Uti rhilt« N,K- uf tho ta«rn uf nil4|fEia> 
111! I'Anliijaii Jlty 'Vhv iitt«ic* »rw al'-i^ b«l Willi 
pavr<l uirt 1ii;lilnl: ibf ImnvM HulHlnnliAllj' InAl. 
(]iAii;r (if tlittJi 1af\'<^ bin] biuidBoiiiir, ihud a^ mi|>'> 
HiifiSillnd vilU eiu.'1Jl7lu VriLlur- TIh; dtivf lnolflbic* 
AF* thu turtctiurEihffi^fpiwcif llwni AhAndvoiBav^J^P- 
tlip c^A]vl4 Tif rinptitt^ JndvpvnilffblA. M*l&Mib^ 
(■mJ H. <'All>rtlio>. hiin* of <hfm Vl«BV>t' m kfikiiit** 
|iuL*l— Till- 1jiHVh~>: ihntTnifanllyCfiBBgtcJ WaIm, 
n fill' Iji>Uill' ■trui'lijrr- |}ie ciwlmi^bouM^ HifiiMUj 
rrK>iii4, aiul l-»ivii.b«11. Thn ManiH Pb^Uv >■ iA 
44v>.NM4<irT«iciHit.aijd tb^ Muinn TcttaIva 4tt*l«nc* 
of bnildliMC^ II'I-tv uv a DMi<4iiJ Aird aAitnl 1% 
■antloiT kiiooIa 'i^hf^ rum* *A t!i4 uiatl*, -^ a h^* 
pmnjDHtnty a Hub (i> Oi* M'.. aiv pii^tiirBMiiw; Atal 
th* iiiiblic milliA cnBUiiAni! utumt* yjdv*, sod ir* 
lanul ■dmiml- Tb* W^nr i* Lnio.|, lln viyvna 
Alv fiUoAy 1f*.I ons <^-1>Ark, ivni, Abd bvtU*) Ik 
ImpnrU, cin*l. Liar, tiiiituv. 1^. I'lfv ib U7I, OiUH- 

AUtfiCtAflD, ^JCOLAJ AStAHAlr, A tnllbwlAil 



I 
I 



I 




A RINflDOK- ABRACADABRA. 



9 



BUUI 

m 



inldr, vfhf* utm l»m at CnpcntLn^^fi in 1714. und 

d Xhrr^ in IWW, *1ifi»*tir in-l pnatituKf nt Un* 
i^r "f Flnt Aft*. Jfa wu. iLiiJoubtfilly. the 

OhAhis uf hi* pKKluL-LJvtf Imj^i^iUii^ii wtf» hiLitn' 
ItBM 9! a gloanay. ai^iI nlwnyt of * rmnd *nJ m]«Djii 
ohaisctor- McPiLni pi.^tjiig c«n EkTdtr ^)ai» Hit-t 
t^Amaint- A miiAiili-rnhtP nnmbvrnf tiv laufi^ ptc- 
Kuthl, In tbtt Biartmuiiv of Lhc r>>ja| [lalfttp uf i.'lirit' 
tuuiaUiTii, vat IjuiLLi^tJ in }'Bi- Mwvtrrfcl, liu^tva'. 
■xtul, ici hQi] mil -I Cuponhib^cu. 
AklMlDOEr, H riiunic. wH puL bor, of RnjflnnJ, 
~ diUSM £l> aiiiw X-W- oF l^nmlAn, iph tha rijfhi 
liiftvt KM niOMb uul on ft bTJuic'ti ot x\n- f \tv^i 
W wl< w i Thlliy, l(l*«uppOflCiJ WuttuiLtftjmiiJu- 
liub iJi iha JTiiJtWiiC ftttd b ipvlicn uf iu uirU ruu'n!> 

W«U-[4ltf«l, Vt'i Wv1l-ZJ^t*«l AEroirLl, • HWttUU* IDV' 

ot» of tbnra a Ur^ Inithlc f<lllH nith it nnv opln, 
BDiJ MTfr*! otbar plftcei of uurxUJp, T]t<i iii4iiirraL:- 

Uilan vf mun/brir, in l£;i. MuA- of pbr], W-4'»?Ll. 
AiOM^Ai, 1 nopLffV ff V>avi*\, Kin^ uf Urnvl, by 
tilt Mitwr '/.irm^K "'kI Imtth^.r i>f .limhainl Aa&bil 
llo i{>it9n Ut liflvi: tiiji^vii't maeh of Um cnHndnrn*; 
oILl* tiiriic^jKcuiLi^HbiiuJ hLiuuiL hk |i4tiIoiiii vIjJl Ui 
thm CAun irl fttui, fiStvJ hv Hfn wlw)] in imiiiintiiiL 
dfliiifcr trom > ijiMit cdlbd 1»bUl>Hr»K ivliom Ih 
■l*v, «Dd vu OIL? '<f tb« thn« wliv bfitlLB thron^rh 
Iha nirLfUiiie bi>«l t> obtkin k <lrf igLl of vftlrr for 
ix&vid (meii tlw WcEl LiF BhtlilulurtQ. The Uiiur nml 
lUHiiLtir ip[ hi* 'lv=tlii am uiikiLnwu, 

t| ■> 4, ftbd ttihaKiiiiiDl eUtlll«^ iif»rk oJl pL'^rnjnt 1^" 
far* Wi^ blmUtod 1^1 uriy |iitt»Uc i^lliLij, iit wliitL it 
■Minml ^e oiclii*ivu tiifhi. iiiiitiT l.\iit Xci iiS Sutibi. 
n«>ril,<if thii prMMht ir>titJ funitv tn llin (rmwn I'f thit 
Uo^IaI Khu/ilum : nllet'Lai^o.' t-> Any «tli?r prnnn 
Iviiij miLiLmvcid Hud ii1i[Uji'4l, Iii9l-.^^t uf Lliii uuv)i 
Bod tlu ootlu of alk^iihijc« ami tuFTETiior;* a ■iiuU 
■Milk wto iiilMtJtiiUd Ibj SI ud 2ll ViD, a 4&, wluflh 

th» *ni iJ X^r, I* nMnln «f Kn/il, nn'l th* 
of Ida lU-jiiiLK Alt?r r^iiil't il^itlli, xvLuii 
uf Jinlbli UodAred lut Dih<iil» A- mIljct«J lii^ 
tlrt livDH 0I &ul, u)«L v/mt aUUi for »ovtu jL^rn t'> 
toVStain lUB na, Jfhbuhvtfi, uii tli* Clm^na ^t 
JilaliaiuJin. R* iifivrwBfi1« niivn m hi4 AiihMqi^^n to 
l3wrL<L titJt hhl toairrly Wt hh« prt^f niv< vhon ■I'Wi, 
«^vi «H jisluEi* »f iIlc u(u]|iltTJ^7UaiiiIulilA04u[rDp 
avl jtt lliv «»]ii] IJiiiti ni'tif-Ll t-^avson bbffdoftthijf 
hi« Irutbcr AhJi«), (jiIIkI biin viih nnl tnachfTTfliiiJj' 
■i|«Vf btirid Dt*i'] tpiturij l&ini^ntvd tEii- ^inm", and 
4|i] Wil l^jpffvl it In bi* ililiiLf in^i>n^rjnn Uj Sulnmon, 
AB> l|tn)notici«k] OVi) tfio mffltriil ■'>f ih" ffovim- 
iniDl id A.'Bjuni#burv Lii Uiwfirui KjhI^uiiIi ifii T'lt-U 
■Idn fiJ t^M Antnjnki, nrjt fnr frmu iU int>Litli [n ll^n 
OdI ol BiitibnU wiMf>on>Ii<i Fiy thi> riw^i'Ui in 11^7, 
»M «H Ih* Mrdtal of DhU Kmtchitd tiU Hl'^. whc^n it 
wv mppluftod ^ llvlBinaFom Ai pircrntii"- «>n< 
HapMlwn. In I^/h n"^ oiiTf Ijilil k AT«»t jhu-l of ttki- 
tOAQ in atiwt. ]>uX driiriwd il (jf iu priiii^ijiui utiux- 
tpHi^ bj th« ilnliw^l.i'--FiL of iliH Fiuiliiui]^ 4>f (l;« imi- 
vmilf. 4ud irf iu vtttiA^a lihiwy nl 40jiHt1> t^>]iini*ii, 
Tbv unjvvniij vitf In fMiuc>|iwim ntunvvil tn thp 
■W o^uL tliv town wu Trbuilt on aq Improvnl 
phi^ and «nivitit« of n^utikr. <|AFiiiut-. nrvl ivdl^povihl 
■tmtiK It ha* aJn «t>vvml vfUkn-v. lIw fliwrt of 
vUth >■ ib^l Sn vhbb ihv untinnt oaUiedriJ aLiMidih 
Jkha, «ith * ]n>|uiLfeli»Q <tt ItJ(>4, hu tk i^rii"^*'^*™!" 
ibop K-lir>M. fiTifl n ihcalFT; it tbff an* of n 
it npel\hii}ii'\\ kTLiI til'* HiLl lil B. ('4iiirl <-iF 
Hnuiti t^kn^iiEl: ivtn'li«ii» pi mrnlilKmliln 

pvdcuUrly in tliiilwr, *iid buUiIs uvuty thtjvi. 




iir« 'JjhgTNl t"t ftw tWw int\v<* i^Uivj 1(1/ iht pud« 
of Abi> ilTtd Aiipi", ni-]>H wlLk'U T^fnilTinuil ibn 
wu bntuu in nil by ±4«n|iMi u^AiiiAt huviik iliu 

I^mviniviiF KiniiEti'iii4'*nlH whli u-iF^ral fuj-LrfSHt, wh 
lAiiiU'l fiinr hy thi fi.<nnijr tn tb<' IntUr- 
Aiti'j.lTtiilr at ^(.*vtUT, Ss* -SV*Tty. 
i^lKtSI'T <%r Ac^rvjUl:T. tJi^ rnpitai '>F lli^ Iritiifrliim 
of DuUMicy. In W. j^frim, hi a f.-rlil- rilaiii. iircr 

Uld UiUl Ikf lllllJIrsL BuLL till HnlUl^birb •lUlTOUlLd 
the town, anil itn hoii^^*, niv ImlLi of m^tii '['[>« 
pnnd^bl «<]ifl£toi« tW kin^'* T'i^I'^'-'^. I'ii^U "F iTiununci 
rrijtb-nal aihI I'lnmrtj,' tlirt'ii 'Lil!.'' 4^1 % iijtiuv, ^1 wlilcL 
tTii^ founli umIi' th iL'it]ripi^iir<<l r>1' h iitu'l h^iU, ml^v■lHl 
Mill] sJuninl JhC iJilHTVAbi 1iy Iiihilaii ^Jailla. A Ia ■ 
iiirhtb Fitr »lkvnp, Kiid bv iilvi jiiiun tnhtln iu pallU'Oll 
nijil ivoiif. Jt^ pi'Tt Is ^bjilvlk viluiklvi] tXM'H^ 00 
mil** to the a. J-'upuLilEuii UbC luorr ihui 'Jc.UUO. 

ADDIUauil£«» lliu iiauiv ijivtn bi ili* nMcAt in- 
liAlabUtUaf AnrUnlry. 0I h'lujiin uri^n noLlnDg mrliuii 
in knn^n, Tbf Koiimn hlat^tr&nfl i-ivv tl^it iijmtr bn 
tlic ptv^jla nbii iJiri-tt In X\io r\im\^ij of Ifnnia In-fon 
tfapi urnvnl of othvr iitllenk Aud ^fho v«rv in pvt 
thv Aiio«aU>n (>f tiiD Unmnai thdiuMilvM. 

AiincViK. lhi>iiTi'^ir<rit('«ii«ipuii, nnw IV »md.U tllliCo 
flLiuLtcU oil tlic KLTypiLu] cout. ID DilU'i K, uf 
ALcAUiilrltL Atnruldi- h%y hu tRwU]? (IblLn^'Uinlivil 
ill iijcKlvun [LiiH-t h\ tin; ii»>b1 lt,ttU ill ^huh Lliir 
Kn^li'b AJmiml, KiiIh'H, iviitiiluliiud tlx. Krt7i<i|i iImI. 
lwtwe«uth.Nlftiiilth«Udof AiiipiiE, 17^4. llieLblUr 
*1ImI on y^y IV, l7Vh. tr^DQ tlir hMlnurol Tvuloo, 
ID timvry an flmiy Ut l^-i^lit Ofnlnr tUo euimnarid "f 

Umirl-ld ll<itA|iHflK A^JlOlXl All tllD Kllh:1i*h wtlll^fAl. 

St. Vimiflftt, fiv* «u GTuJflinit U^furo (*»dJ4, p^ciJt'hI 
infomtAtiflii of llJ«i ho dwAtcbffil R«r<aditiint 
NtkoiL tvith f ouFUm ■Up* vr tha lina tn tho M«Ji- 
li-miifEUi vn\t fhTilu* I0 Hck vuA alUck Iho Krvnrli 
llrxit Ami;. ], XhUnA cavbht ft (fUmpoiinf ttiit FTvnrli 
nhtpt in ihv rwd of A, wiJ i:ilv« tb« i4;uid of Iwltlev 
AJtliou^li llii- I'lr'uuli llt^l vas an«]i«rvil Iuaourv«d 
l;j]t', u iK^T IU ptidsiblc t« a nnall faJuirl. praldciwl 
L^ X LnLltTV of fluiriou nnd urk»rlftMi, VaJjun iiKldanly 
onlirrwi luJf uf liii Intrm Iu lin^k llirfpiiffli fjvlwtaiii 
till* l^lnrvL Aiii1 tUr> Firnch linii of l4tdp. and Ui uij 
under Hit tlif.\i\-. In thr^ rtar^ ^thilt tltt< otlinr Lotf 
jLyi|i|uiai'1iii] Ihfii lnnA niid AJiolifiivif rt!l1|EEi pia^it' 
•tji.>t; x^UiuK tlw FKridi kTtni* >virt7 iktAai'U^d imai idl 
udn. At Huii'vt, 4(»ul hiJf-piut --I1 i/clnck ill th* 
iVfEim£. thi latitri Ittyjan. At tli^ ond nf aii hour 

flv? FTpfifh ihipR uriTi* <jt4niiHLfil ami t*k™. 'IV 
Fjt'JhJi wIieiStoI, Drutyf. wai klllc*! by a i^Aimuji'bfdl . 
bi* 'Uip i'Oi'iiif. IhrwuvuTp i.Y>ii(iiiiunl tUc battlo uibb 
^fCkt >ptri& until dK? took fti«, Abvut t<b b'clnck 
thi- -pbmdiJ v-mI, of ]^li ^rrn, Umv ttp, t*f lOOO 
mm, but ra^vi-ut.y at rt^lttv vftf «i«d rapUiih 
C^nM;di[aii(ii wm ixinrljilljr wtiirtitriil, Aflil hi* kiH. n Imj 
l^tUv )mLn old, voJuut&ril.v ri'Diklflf J III the Lumln^ 
*l*ir> mil] pliM^d liin tala. Tlio utIiTr fliJiJj (OQliiiEKxi 
lljo 4nnniut4.iD tlU tJn: mominc wIuuIj -pvitiikiBHiJ tUu 
<»iUni diifohl of the Ff^inU iltst. Bat Iwii abipH of 
tho Inin aT>4l t^n Iric^t'* Mi-nppKi lit MihlU kik! T^rfn: 
nliiif (ttipB ol th*.- line W':rr uitft'ii. mii< btrnvn up, nA 
uii'itJitr, tii|f<iJkcr wilb n fEi;'Alt; biJriird by lliD Trrticb 
Oiouia-:U»»; inic frii^nh;, iEi-wtMr, ^h tuijk^ ITiUM 
tbo havji] pomif ft Fmii"! iix ibu M«fliTL'rr»iitiflo W» 
fur a tiinrt hriiiihiUctii, nii^l Utf Hi-j(i«h flaj{ wav^L 
trLiirnp]L4kitt from 1 iihmli-nr ir\ AtfiXMiSiiit 

AiiitirAiJAniu: a term o( Incaulailon vhlch wai 
furuiiii'lT U-!jflviid 1*1 tuivv tbt jiuwtr uf ciitiiibi f<;*pr»i 
«4*°"^1t ^Ii^ *^^ fuvtin, liiD inbanult1<i4l <jF fnur 
dOiyvh luid tbc b^initritAiiia. <n oalleil by Hippomttv, 
vuflh ™«4 ^n«ni]ry futal. At piy*«nt thi* vnni e*. 
tot UiifniiiKt |iiVTr< »iod In ^l. vLTliom any |vhrti''ilUr 
inunbiiE, Uku AoffJJ ;wcifj. ALiiinlixiK M) Q- Hph^tjub 
dkLLiiLiDmutiH^ U iA]|;bt bi liu hiitUiii av «* Iu fiCDt a 



10 



A EK A HA M— A Bit A NTES. 



I 



AUnxOAOA 

4 1 K A C A D 

A > R A C >t 

t P ft 4 II 

« » V 4 

« ■ K 

A ■ 
A 

AUUDAM ifiat^tfa MuCAUbiJrl, iM^Ulj ASKUI 
iftAff ftf iUvailmi), th0 iiihlli in iliwomt ffvin Sbfiu, 

luul «LUln«il hU itDlh ycv, WbAO, In obiidlAac* la ■ 
clitinvisUt Is <|iiitlci] fall nativo pliioauul took up 
liu fwdirmx iu diHWi, Tlinv ha niiuuni tvj 
tir;«BA jHtt. tin tbedHUof bin UUi« Tenb; *nd 
lh«B. m ot*li«D» to ft HOond call^ topAntliig hiuioU 
ffvin *ll h]« Iftndnil «c»pl Ut noyhuw Lotj Ilk 
juuiTH)^ wcAln-Anlh tmil ^imv*! In link lud i»f 
C^Bsa, H«nt }j>< [uU^b'il hH LflDt In Ump vUa nf 
Mni^U bvtTffh Mu^iuht I^IaIauJ Ovrinlai. udwu 
Utvu]^ iriUi fl iDHiitttlMifiii tA lie illvliu preHiwD, 
'■auounohi^ thftl fas m« dMtined to ba tbo filW oF 

VMralta WMnaivartJmimiTiifH uiH thU in tilni hII thr 
CuiUwof Ibofonbohould \m blwL AtthliUmci 
Iw h*il Wen knc Dwrlnl to Bfefali «hi> bhJ b«nio Leiu 
Va <duM|vn, ftud V«o Di^ff, Ukv bluHeZf, » far jul 
vwwtd in life h to pndutiv ibo hi<f« <t gvdf be^rEnauL^ 
a notltAr Ha ^Mnlinurd for wim* tmiu *S%vt to 
Jourrii'jr aniitliwitnl'^ aiul viw cnmrnillnJ tijr a fiunini^ 
to iPfik ih« lacftDi r>f mtftisu-riaf in l^jit Ha m- 
tomod wSlk d cunkJiicrobU mvuiJiuti^jifu uf wu»U]i, 

|n»Hr. A Qiiofnl iti bu barddnaq vith tli^tv of 
i.ot indijov^ hidn In jiitviig** a >nM«(toni In «rbiob b4 
ftftvrmjidj IrA Ui no^ibr^ iLo fm ?boloa of bii |iar. 
lioUJaf loCAilLlj. l.irC cliiiH tltfl ru:]L pEaina riF tbe 
J<cd4BMld Vwk bin U>;|aciu(T-, Tint Hot Um^ xft^r Iv 

<aaM * tufA*«r, iJaa^ vith Uia olbcr iiilinibiteiU of 
til* moitiji ftt^tn ft cIvvvtBtib^ mr^mi by • Urw 
from liijnTiil Uin Knphntf^ ;aJl«<H 4 ibfilnrluiBUF, ud 
vu wiM «4 fttaong tb* miiniL AMhttO, on 
hmt^D^M thn dbwter, irmod hb •cmAtft bo ibv 
nuinbc 1 4f 41 8, and Mntof out in lumul, In oonpu^ 
vith IriBBdl/ AbmiIU obnti. <uo vp vith l^a 
iiuniid<B*f %dak thanby mqiriii*, uid ^riAjftvifpHJ 
vivbiTf, MBiadlHl wicii hitTirLff vB hn nvpbfW itl 
Ubv^» be ibomd hii ([cnennu iq:rtrt( by nfutlnj^ v- 
•kw ill Uic tpviL Hie diviut (iruDtW uf fhidi liti 
IiflJ mBifral rrpriit«J CAnlimibllTiTj, «»■ nnm nljutJl 
b b* fulfilUiI. Wba* ntliw in hat Ua.\ door *1 
MjBMVh In tho bnl «f tb* ^b^, ^ *m *Ui*J by 
thfH divlD* vwHBfvP^ vliD emlncoDfM b» *fc«]Jt 
d U> hMfilnUty, uJ ImfouKtl tSa (iTiciai^ |iRri«l 
*ba lb* tronuAH] dalil ilwubl bo lutn. Tliu nrent 
iHk Diuaw nv ll bnd Ws fccvtolii. bid P*nh. At Ihq 
ir*A'^ W«wDo tbomotWof J«uf. la hrr iu- 
p«ttMU« and inb4kf ilw had dv^o AhmUto bv 
uuU HU^a, «bn ted bvur hiia a «n, vmbvI 
lihwwl Vlkou «>» 1^ bMn vllEBf In Mfauwitdfo 
am hb bcirn Xov, bvvffiv, ibv Inbvd upon Lttn u 
IJbt rival of bcr om, uid dhM noi be MUifin] lUL 
tahoMl iTM dimiHl. vttb bk Botba. IkIm iE« 
Aiibtin d^mi^wbo— vMdariaf Mbw *Awkooir- 
If^ blm >■ Ibilp rODtpiaa fblb«r. A nmob am^rtr 
hrU VH I — lid liir AbnlkHL tuu tui) gnnm 
vp lA nnfiAnnii «ad Wnm* aU lliot » frilitr'i bcort 
«4dd vUk «bM tbo Mun dlTloa lok* "Udk Wl 



I niA-lc ■! muijr prnmlvfi wu tanml (IriiTttinv tte 
' diY^f llI luoioAfr. "'Taka now thy ufi, tMuo only nm 
ItiUK. ^Uutu llnm luvoL iujlI ]to& Cbcv luW ibc livd 
oC Maruil). Mv^ oflpt ]i:m thrir for % Iftirat-offliine** 
Kv<ai] in tbid ili4*<ifii1 aKtmmitTbi* fnitb ^lid nnt Ikilf 
luAD lay hound dd tlw riM^r, aii<r hi« fntiit^* arm 
vat Itftod to ffMlio ifav fftiAl hTfm; ulim tt vu 
•addooly fln^bl by tliv ujuir liivETtt^ vulc*^ uifl h* 
acaiureinwl IiiB'u;i. jt« it wofc. rr-jiLtinI U>Ufq Fn«n 
bho dodiii After tbin rDr*tbTi'>ui tful, fn-jp iriilth 
Alrmhun bu linn jiiKti/hcimo ih» tiUo of l^atW 
of Ibo ^thful. th«< ^mt i-ni] *-\ bik «)LtAl*nA.> wm 
affiuaitly fnltUiod, and iho mudoitU uf h-ia lihr b«- 
OMM Few And ODmut»tivvly vnlnboRntliif. Bidft 
ykui Aft«r Ihfl bri>t &nili dJai, At tJia Ac* of IS^ 
luj^tru hiirinl In tbn caro nf Mh^bpvUh.At IlvbfOiL 
AlimhiuTt JIvkI (l> iiov Imtc ouilAljIy Dun4u<i Ajut 
roAolitng t)u ■tlvimwd «|r« of I TIv pQAnlMUy tiMktbod 
hl« Ibi«j And wsA bariAd ImklA bvr. In tb* iI4ru nt». 
wbiini tboiiruihH an aUn iiDaiAivd lomin^'V. notwith. 
pWiiUjijf iJJ ilio licUaitadn nmi odunllEo <ibkb luvt 
□uhIv tbplr dHCcndiuiU a Ly-word on ilic rutit. 

Aauaiiui j^ &J4i-TjI Clatlv: bora ill KraLwboin' 
i^tlitD, Lb SuAblt, Jufiu 4, lOU. Hia tm* niuiio 
wv Ulrirh Miq^lA Hh wwi ASatiu^iahHit ia a 
pnrbor fur bhe nrigbwlity of bin ooaevjitioiB. At 
MaHeialirujui, hi Ibo wnitb of Auitt^ bo fobi*^ ^ 
11^, ibo bAfvfouloiI Irim of tht nUn of ^ A^if^pt- 
tiAo. ApT^ml I^UiHlf tr> pbUoooplry Aod lhMiIo|y, in 
II mtmEMtury ■>! lu« cmlir at VitfiTta, wv th*n am- 
[lE'iTi-il u prrcwhcr in ilii'fl>iTivcnt£>f Tahi, in l^rAriA, 
mifJ 40(]n oUdI Io pmali ikt Ibo iiDpr^A] o.>[jn of 
VlfiiiiA, hln'rvLo oodUautJ till Ojo ;fri»( I'Ct^ vbaM 
hi! dicil, n7 >fla^ old. His xnUdUk arv biiHiai|iii^ 
And fuU of tK ■trniipi'id u^ilifiiji. Hut ttrikiw ]«ea- 
lATitivi, brivotwr, icc^ffilifig willi ttl^ "jiirit nf Cur ^a^ 
proriitrtil liifn i tiiiiii'Toim Midif^ridr. Anil hit apnnoou 
uoru nut wlthoMC r^ttl^ct. iIilo- iIm.^ IrrAli.^ of popoliP 
miiri^ctji, ivul v('(v Kiukmtvj ^Itli luudi tai^um, 
ii.]a|jtr<T tq nil Tikiikp, The UiLca nf ■[>mc of hia wilt- 
ing khow tba E<»no in ncltipb Ihpy at* (iiiiip«wd ; ta^ 
I^ m Ihf War/d, or atnivt Virtur awut Vin ,- it^lv^trf 
Mi/rvrt: Abntharn r1 Sanrtv Civrn't AVif nf Xfuia* 
AnlfAtii FotU, vr C\triait§ WvrX^f^^tfpojf I'ariout /w/ik 
LttA M»J* ami Pr-mitlt, Ac Ilia wkpta M'nrkn b«Tv 
Win pubJiflbtd in '1\ \i^^ irumki Aod Linilaii, 
IGSS-al)- Ho wMt by notun, n ^pulu orvtor. aod 
JolDod 1f> on odd oii«t4oPAtlntni;mtn'l, vodovod vHb 
A ibai*T[igh knovlEdgaol manldnd atiiI a fmmt \'f 
of tmtb. With tho bfddcaft f&uikiiMH Iw MimrfAd 
th« fidlUv vt hji A^, and tiuiimiijdy Attaoknl tb« 
vwih myatitiuu «nd jioihutry qF nrnet pnachon of 

AmAil^virrt tbi' noma glvac, I, (o bontica of 
tJia ninth nniiiry, wh'i in^ Iholr nam* frimi an 
AhmluHU If flimliiiii iiF Afttin-hi wbii tovJivd tb« 
orri'Df (f tliD rbuliniUKta. and i3oniri3 tb^iHtinitjof 
Chrim. TheyvtfocoabatedaanaduUybyfYpnaiih 
|jAlHarcb of JUitEoob, And aooq dlaappMmL %. Ta 
a n^iAb^ af i^cTAOt |«Aaola» latwn alaa by Ibo 
lAmt r>f TtnhHmiAn rM«tf^ n^ imliiwl tii havp 
vk^Etfd ibc rrlicioQ prnfoiHil by Abrabam bcforo bo 
«M draumuitnl. Tb<r 4i<|>cartd dUdfly In lb* 
VobsmiAn v>ui^lr uf l-krdhlau. £n 1708. mA fT^nrf 
batgnlioa un Jtr Uw odJct wbkh Ibo l&iif nor Jowyh 
M Lviod, brt inn vafnaod il n An tynuiil llul 
ihi^ itfd bM prahia lo b> nHhar Jtwa <v aioinWn M 
any rvot^nlntil ChrtsHu iv^mnLiinlLT. Tbry lano 
filially dupr«B«| by fuue, Aiid tuufJi if Lkr uitii «cn 
iiwDrpamBDd irilh tho franliar ngioMiifcmif Hbiio'y< 
SdamBa^ aff^ *nAniiylvBniL 

AatAVTCn, a fivtfflfd bivn of IV^toeal. Ott ibo 
rifflit bMik of (bo Twuk In tfao pnf1ii« of Lovrr 
Iblnk Tl mlU- S.a liaboK vllti Of^O loliablunM 
ll aCaiflla uu a htuhl Htftvninlcd by bi*^^** *io^ 



I 



AERAXA*— VESTIXKNCE. 



11 



Impartinoa, from comnundlni * in«niu4n pu. As 
Ihc TjttfiiB H ben b«ric*lilc. AbrmutoA U ui cntr^^t 
f or 1^ pP3doe4f pf llifi vlJBfciit proiiac<^ uiclcvric* 
fKiftn feflitv fcmdn with i^rlnn, ll *'«* cv-IkI m ibe 

i>r Alfa to «Ih Knudi i^Mnti Jumo. 

AmtLJkXXA at ABiu*-t:( Sruiis^ tbv itUM ^Ivcn to 
ft nadik uf tUnjia ur fuu*, cut int^i ■duuBl. Evvn 
VMtMyof nbapf, btit f^vbcrKlIy- baviii^ 4 [minui trunk 

n«t*i| opDDthtnL 'rir; hifo bfrn fnirnd in K^i^t^ 

MiMla innm tbnn. Titty ^p^mr Ui luw lairn 
Ain UHil bt iNfl fiantic t«t «f nHilEduiifv pHtcd 
frvm Iktm lo Ibo ilSiHUliHi, tvAfcinQ Bftamrdi 
Ipoanl tyDl>4li nf E>Df«U»uL, Hid wvrt gBnmkUy 

Hflj u« nsMy attcDtoil, vtl amE of tlran «ir 
pTDbaUr rnaJv JiirJn^,' lb* uuJJIv h*>S t« b* OHfd » 

Ctloli T^Riiun. anil AiiulU; mm i*b»ut 4000 ni^ 
Dilea: >jp. J)Od^&^> '[u* n^owal nB«Mti About 
ftO miln iJoB^ lb» AibWOi aud dixa not thmhv* 
nni^ butww. ThB talartar 1> utmoo]; ngdtd uhI 

Aiif^tiinn, whMifli Wty tiimmi'-*. T^tiniL* dimn. U^-^l 
(«ctk Uk ii)tiiuniitLi;u p>'mi «( tbv dwlD; Maatu 
llufvlU. M0<1 ^ Anil M«ra;e V«]inc, 8S07 fHtiVT all 
mitiiia iL lie luiafrtfi*! tivrt» an tbv IWiLit, 

VKHot £4rhT Ftrinm. lliL' t|LiriKif< And wnl t^tKf^^ 
MffUjvikrr mii(<h witli tliii mtitr* nf ilipaiirfn^. 'ni« 
lottbr nininlu un iwvrr?c] U'ttli miow fmtn Oclobcr 
to ApiiJ, uiil DHU/ itf i)iam ji^Uun li riay liltuk 
appHOHio* ■! ^1 >c«*Dat ; ^Uicn nm BiicJ^r ^noicil, 
«r«*vindwilh*«rdihnt pvtuni. Hviw«h theriLlnA 
NT* punKniH ffltlla pLkin* oJid mlU^i^ whioh jnulii 
Iam* qduii^tin ol «an. irtn?, n)1. ]iL|Tii>rln, Blmorvli, 
■oflrEnw 't^ Tbe lniiBl>jtJL]it4 Imiv Ueil« iiEiyjJL-jU 
fom*, Wt nn e^caBHraly iiiJului^t, ■uHcil. iknJ vin- 
^ftollnh aAiJ much firvn ti^ prpilAlnrr ttHUt* ; ih^y 
bar* WW iruuioFutnn^ aiii^ btl]« tnulv, 

A^a.|joh, uapo proptrlf Atri., nhp <if tho mf4C 
*min«ac prvl&b^, illccana^ and wnirVtn 'if vhi^m 
IVhirurkEanlHi4iL«rail>(iniuf liii] Llliiiilrlitm rtfiuily, 
|ntl|elalHdd»F9r«litnil, Iti \Z2i^,anix\i\aUt\hMtl\iiiiie» 
•I tb> unlmvily cf P^n. ujiE iihnrtly ahmr hia niun 
tnabip of Rotikildvp U't tliV intitn^u firi*r>d 
«aaiHB(L^ o| Ml nvmtgn W ■MiTnur I , , whoar 
dniTMd mad] af lia Imtre fn^in Uit nlu policy 
mbM^1i ■'■'^ ^1* varlik* ciphdw tidikval Iiy 
AGSlaiu^ AiiLimE 1^ laMjvr may bv mcnliouv*] lu> 
Jj^lMdlC ihD tea oF ihv Womliiili pimLo«, «rho hvl 
inMvd kp uJ hia iijcvciHfiil ■i-jji' fif Thor 
ArkuTi«i> in tht MIjikI *'f Kit^i^n, ^ilii-ro 
r) vniniuUud Immenin •mm uf plunder, AJtcl 
^ tfwaul a Tiat C«(mitit U) Uurlr uiiiuii'iJ JUiJiitv, 
^tKAcviV ATl^r thff dwth nf WiklilrnhiLr, whn hul 
^nmrttH bill* l» the anhtiibDprio i>f Lun*], h<i nn- 
vqqal (arout u&ilrr bi* aufiraao^r^ ' 'aLiiiU \ I,, 
■omvl the inilritrnilMitv of tb^ hln^trTuFP liy 
fMlftajf ft inmirfiil flmt HftkU Ule tiuipcnit Hat- 
niHft fciil Bcointt it. uwlvr Bi-vihIu'i Duk<; uf 
'J^Bcnnu- Tbt <aall4 <»t AtflhniY. the mieinn] 

. vi Ci>peikh>cvnp waa boilt by him. juid ]k« i» 

htfaMMfonjAiCly vi^viLai^ v Uia founiW ol tho |iani«h 
•H^ttL l>t bi* h"iii>ttr, Klack, it migbl i^ be mmtionc!i1, 
llAt 1^ cam cf ttJktc Atirl <l^i) '1^ WHTWrnf iiTJt alilirtit 
■!i— |i hia thvJii^liU. ami Uul bu iKit milv cawcui tb* 
tlbCf«y«/Z>nnurt (v be <ixa"& up I? tbfl vIoqaBikb 



rtlHrl 



Svtrk <>rainmnI'jiT«, mil iJip L^imM Soono j^i^Ttcn, 
hul VIM blnixtf tbt prlni-'I|ttl ojrujiUrr of thu<»il'r ^ 
/(idtf. pitb^Uhvd b^ WalEliimar, uwi txvUwi uf ib* £cif(' 
fuufbTitJ C'oJf <i/ JWCen^, tU died lb 11:01. at lti« 
Afo of 73) Bi^ii *>^ Uifi'il at J^of, vHti^ ho hod 

II vuopctal lb Ibl27, vhm hbqtfjoopa] aLaJF Ahd 

Ai'VTrm^ Uip naoift nUcb ha* bmi z\\-pt\ tpt ■ 
pojM trba pmaaMft piv|W«tj IQ oa« cwialj^t ami 
rw<ic1i4 aai ipcndi U* ii^t^ircg in an«di9r. A |ffv 

■IftonjiEna thi? pff«!l pnducdd r>n tf^a maaOy tntai 
rtliidi llti; pni()riT&ir tbiu>lA«Dta bjimelf. Airmny 
cfthtri. Mt. M*inullih;ti iu* duiiincuulwrl bimwlf W 
ft tvnin of puadoiu. in ^vKIcb ht niihTitftinn iJiat ^1 
it ■ mftttnf of fttfttluto imUflonnna wbtn ibt nut of 
I*prL l« apcrkt : and tbAt, fur aiampJ'-, an Iji^h Uad- 
1r>n| In ■<> f uF u iiA--uiiUr7 ftdvMiiauD onljr Ea Arm' 
L*Qru«], IjniflliialraLuiilaamucb Lt/ffvndinchiftruala 
ib Puii at l» wvid da bv iiwrnlin^ tbraa m DvUla, 
nrthe maailoDliaua* of Ida uteto Tbu ila-iv AwU 

AiHiVTIUI. ft lii^uaiit uiucb dniiU u]Mn tha Coft- 
tinam. ia|wcjall)r In Pnru^ nUith HUHiHtJi »f an 
idei^lltf Hiliiiiua UroEifTjr Uamufnl villi Htj mCrwri 
uf HivnJ»rt«i>f itrffnrfWoi wcnmiiKpd. llaUmu- 
latnlhedJ^taiiooftiidfiFtuUliaUr utdla bakeubdon 
inulj aa a wbot for Ihft tfipvUtv; buit If dttmli too 

AnwiMrriitV Tn 1>ik wifflwl nihatian rhnnh 
■bnlDbUn wu D JDdklol 0ct, I7 vlilch lJ;c prtrvt^ In 
thft naiae of iho wiiuaiuiii(,>. iit^i^kjn^ iJif fif-ifur uf 
Oivi. ibDOiuKml 1u tha i^iulcul ba rr^miMiuri frr<iri 
(M-uliriiiutUid punuliiuctit, mid riiuliuiiuiun iiitu Uiv 
Ktiiorri c.r tbw rhTifrh, Pfivfctn afiiribilioii linvmif 
Lr^'iima jiirvAk'Tit ft>r four op*fttuHi*i^ tbmii|;b prlratii 
uctiTinf 111 t]ii> |'1a» cf the lilihfip, the oplnivn vu 
■ pjmiJ lUD'TH^ iliu (J«ft^i'. UjiLl lU?t bhi lbL< irusfct uf 
atii»1vL)L^ by their nynn jtiitli^ritj', aiiJ wilhciut ibc 
(xpriBcntrf tbiidmnb. Rutdtinii W tba lueLl^k ?eii- 
turj thflV ii>i<d -inlvthi* lurmulii, ■■ May lind fir Ciiml 
ah«nlvg ibt-c: ' whith Ii ittlJ thr f'TiD In tbr tirt<-k 
i:bui-ili, ^vliL'h'U* IIac Kuinrtb tUd llio rx[rm>l<iii "1 
uLiuliij Uj[:c." Uma rc^jiKdliiK tbu fo^i^vcbOA uf Ainu 
n^ in ihu |ici»r<J pf llifl i^ut- Tbiii tliMty of aH^^Ju- 
ticn wnn conlinnoif lri iha ^niincU oi Trmt. Aii>oiig 
I'ml'^tiAnLi, hh<r»|ri[ir4ii pninnvly m**^' '^ •*rilm'v_ dy 
vbl'>bnprTiian<vhotcafiilanoiimmanleih£ci1uzTlnwd 
ffuiulhah puiiLBbuicuL Tbv fuiiniiU uf utatdutlun in 
ttjn K^EijiiL diHixb luH bsvti und tn \m nlvuEute* in 
th4i Cmr-k dEiurch driirMidtfrj, and in tho I'rtiUidjuit 

A»»friNKVL'lt L4 (Ji.' ttlfTLlrJne (ivn* (mtiiT^pcir in 
orrtOJU tEiLij^ra ct jutiflA d fuuti wli^ch arrkfljjfrcEahle 
l4i vut fjiricii^ <tr Bp|]i-:lit4 11. Thu* tijc Jirm wcrv 
cciiiiina4i4t<i W vliv Uv- uf Mo^vn id rrfmin ftuiu Uic 
'aCin^ uF i^rtAUi bii>.vkl-, ibr^ MiLbfiriiincdain w for- 
lid^Wu I'j- thu KoruTi I" I'at i-jrk fif -hint wiim; and 
at lb*? couiiod l]i.id v<. .[inrmE-'iM, by lli** •|h-itliH, tbo 
uinfcrin Iju tiip rhmlJAn v\i/,i"ii ucrt riiJolDcd lo 
jAlutBiii fn-itii lliti rttali irf 4i]i]]iiLl» ^tllicll UbA bcrii 
•tinncEfti, /lit hW fnuu tJimd, fTLini fonjcfttjoli, and 
HnUbry, By euch cnaCtmoDt" ii ^^ ii>tandnd to 
niotlify ami raaljalh tba TwfoU. liiiX \yy abalJna'HVj 
in a (cnGraJ Mbaa, is auo undnmCDiHil n •jianiL}; In. 
diil)f«pv Ell dtfll. Mviawbul bek>w ivUit I1 ]L^un|ljr 
cuqvdvfvil tb* i»iul ^LbidmJ- In niQliut] mnUu^ 
YATFdiui iiikUnftfft ara noirdrd d pi'nou whit bava 
<<[ii|dnyi'i^ AH<i1iTL<»iwuBmpuiii<if vuniiki'firallfivintins 
tiH«^«rv clirtitio uid finJiiful <B^Daii«; vucIl aa OUIOM^ 
iiL^rn, obitUnaTn htuls^bD^ ftn ; utuI ft brvik la tn' 
i'xi«<U:ua-, wrilt«a ty C«iiuc^ » niiblanan tj youlno, 
t^yhvfi a wry oalnurdiuiy njnQiil of 1^ nwn pv- 
(JGidftC CUE, ud vf tkfi GTvht brgtflt bo hod donved 



IS 



A BSTRACTiOX -ABVS8I X I A . 



I 



I 



•4 bIju ih^c uf f^!i't>i jbbbiiilujjol It) ]u9 |>||tui'iniia, wljv 
proavdiii.'«l |jLiirvc«rrrirhiipd«M..h[^TVUpiijaliH:Jtta 
maid bfft^»>k ItiiDull lo t, vorjr i|^iq regimen, b_T uicBUi 
4>f tthifh hir wv irnftliWI to la-nqifLiJi itll hm cnni- 

Ultnhy (lAuiiiii' ^^^ UtUnr luilf ^f lilt Llfr ki u dTyirc 
*l f*iB mJ cx»[iifurl *vlii'-'li lie ImJ itc-cr btfui-i; i-x^ 

v^t faAbty Ijfq mtj b* nifipotttd upim a vvfj 
^•DidVT riiff b, Titt primJliVH l^hntMhnii of thn Kut« 
■ba vf n IndaOBd to Hy ic tbt dcven. Co cuip* frum 
Ikoir 3lcftthen penautJUtniH atidiiml tit tiry aJvjukvi] 
liUivda i;>t lif< , iiiiuf cfvcrtiilly AUiI lLL«ltijilv U]mil 
■ ctoiljr alUwjmw of l*iruhv cfuna* nf ■>»■»« brund. 
witb & baropiGa of wiitor only. In thia nihi>npr il ia 
TTiOnftlnl bf i'-u^uii l^4i St *iillnniy livi.sl li^ Ihfl 
■gC a( lOfi; Jvpoi thr llunnLt ti» 1D4, .^neiiiu«, 
tutor tff the I&y|iuur AfiAliiiK 1^', Si. F!|i;pluuiiuii» 

Saaliftiuti. iho t!i>]tti«h hv-^mM^H bf^ nvofdrd that 
«n« I^mvniv. hii npkuntrymjtn^ rvnc^i tb«|:r«kt4^ 
flf nr^ 5"**rt, hy thi* fnr*vf iriiifitfnn» tiid oun»t&iit 
*liii?pcl*r. AnJ rtt, KnitJ^^vrn, lilluj ftJuPiL Muii^fii, 

End la Ihg Tvrjr coiinerilinjflrt lovJ imlmJ iiiortdib]i>, 
Affaof IftAfiMni, by tb« Kiutf mMii*. On iliciv]ii^]i>, 
il m»y b« 9Mj wHrtod IbM «cn« h>t« «vof MiAiimi 
to a tor Bflnnnd uo. 4Lii>h ui i «nttifj uul u|>- 
9^4 ^h« htvp iibt un:ii III tho luliil uf Mr^lLHiity 
a^LlnviKv- Il i» Lriic tiikl i]i;ui_v |>riaijii( hiiVfi if|ii^ 

omaar j fl^ it h«a bwn latd llwt iJm* who, citUirr 
iriikni dodra «r noi?i4*Qtk h*TF futo*! too tDii|i or CiUj 
dftdL tliloin «a}ctj LpH^I hi-AUtr nlh-rvkula ; lul ihii 
tan unly *|)|>1> bi »iic£ analulutrW f\M bttutfcLliRr. nob 
Iff tlnMt ntjoatTtoJy irvr>lixxl>'ratj jia tli^UK iif fcfxl, 
Ars'iauTicW; »UD1>nuibiJtif VJHEuiiul.hy vLich, 

fiUn<«t wUith (jH^OQAci llwa vith «BJ wHicvlv ob- 
jMt, t" rvnrlrr UirTii ifnimnl, Liui tlunby fit tliKfn lu 

AiiL LrAj;\uiL'^ Utmi'^HV. oflt^iiikll.T ■ phji1dwi» 
•ftvtwMila Bbtlki>p '>f Lkutwra, «« bam in Annnu 
in 1lJ-J«,aiLdiluiJlM IfJG. Ha vntwiwioiiiiwaiK^ 
but i* *4ii«fly fcftown by u jllVn'iiyi«n»( o/ /'■■•Mm' 

/FijfLirjf, ttlmUj H-sa pTiflthbvil, i»tb a l.ntJii tvnn^tn 
by I>f. riHTC)i4L\ Al C^ifoAl^ In lOtiS, 2 rtU. i:^. 1l« 
%M *> tllftiDGuiilwd f«r Ml knuvrL'iliiP of liis SyriK, 
Anbli^ uul <3rv^ Uuauaco^ *uJ <jf [Oiii>jt<j|>1rr, 

ABrfRlA: l¥iiici*«f llamnb, lit S^tij^ *iirnn-Tnr<l 
tin VittaHaiu Kinti And ilw i'iJ/ar t^ /Cii'S'^n. unl 
fAmuuaflB ka Ijitlurian aui] tnfirrm|plifil', ah* Uijii «l 
)Jwii>*ffa^ in -i-ii- \2Ti. Hd '(imnc fmn t}>e utnc 
faimilj wh^i^b tvJ flttn ImfUi t> tlvt Cunout bUiMlin, 
U'bit* m yaiiU^ Ut (jutinffnuhvl htinwlf in ri^riLiat 
«npUfKL KrcOfi \M untln hv UihirntAl i^« prlrti^L- 
Hllty 14 HunAb : hni. on vokont of a i|tiuTi>^ wlili 
Ub uiDfc)tf<t dad iK>c ecuv inlu fn—inuim vf ib fur 
MVitiO Wf« i kfbv tthich bfl pe w J m i it tnuIulurWd 
IIJl bU 4<Ail. in A-i> 1 US, All nml0T« wba ni«itivik 
bliD r«|inA«Bt him w » r^nctv nf th« ^mkwt UkaK 
*i|iial])r nmifiiAlilD (or f^iura^ aad ntulntM In nr. 
AAil fur abijuin La oniiiciL AinU! Itio cir«« or 

Ewmiunil. Iw tirratvl luinxlf irJtb tiriJ lu iliuJy. 
r« tbi Wvnl wviind hiin, ud f«ftd«rvd hu poitvt 
Ukd nvdtli ral r rUnt V> lli4 Kuamttt ■d«ti««, H^ 
«H v*Jl H^QilnUvl mtb hMrcy, JiiruprikiltH*^ 
mtikhm, biUniy. laMhomMtaiL «» Aitmn-iny. unt 
hM b^—lhmt iIm ftiritoflr hb Ib<iii1rlv in ■■ vvil 
valoftbl* ■Vrk*, «f ■Unb bia hivliqy «>f lliv biiUiJUl 
mn ■»! Ui||««r>pb>r ntiUtd 7^r 7W< A./.^i^a 

^ CbUlr^ V« tW |B«t fULMU. 



AbVlHrt; mi BUL'Iciib ^mk iii} 'A A>W o^l Ulc 
fiul«ni alilv of the Hcliv*ft4>iLt or DarJftD^lltriL ftflMu 
fvr tJjo briJ^ii cif bukta wlucb X*nui U raJxtOil t^ 
liJiv* tlirifwn h«n» xir^tu ihff alraJL mi'I f->r It"' Ikvq* 
iif Frm kii'1 l-f^hriiipr, tht latCrr t^r vliimi rrvidnj 
Ijcrr. Am't^iL-[ A'*-/ti'M ua« u iuiolii]>l ImMi of I'l-p^r 
Kfy|i|. ubii'Li iiPiiLdirj^ hlje fttUoa !<( Mtuijfi>ii. u>J 
Uw rtjltbratoi li'iuplL- of Uairji, biiill by Oarutu^ilji*)!. 
t'uJ«r Aiigu*ti]k II wv iwIuvhI to fuiiii^, <nit, i<j t3»* 
wmt i>f it, iii;i|fiiLfiiiitEit niLiiii %T* (till fniin4. 

Ahila: tniouEiuhi In Afrlnn, oiicvl iJit pILknof 
IIl-cl'iJo, ftjtUty wcjT Mioluuily VdlkJ , tiuliiH dktcUf 
(ifhii-iijtd Lo L'tijpv (Eujw Qlbimlbut. in Bpain. fnua 
whii'b it u liutiuit ii-rrc.« \\w atiHlt only 16 nuUs. 

Autm^ima {AnbLv Halnhy, tha Lkjuiv apT'liod 
(ri*(ifm1ly ifl tlir rlrVJvC'^rl ivyknn ft l-oil ^Ini^ 'I'^iV 
bDtWKEi Ut. 7' cril 111' >.. and Iud. ^^' aud 4 J' Ji,. 

JlLir] LaVlH^ Xlllflu LILI lliC IIUdlj-'A'rtt AE^l tUb l^cU 

Soi ou Lhr iiitrlb-cunt, tlic "ihcr t>uUEirl4rii:B ii-il Lciuti 
veil dfljinod. Hid doniin[<jn> uf ICinf[ lliiitdm^, 
h^>iTavc<r. or A. in thf tinmi^vr aanHD, diil imt iekiIiuI* 
nil tlila P^un, but oompt-Md only tlir ornlnl pnitjnn 
of Iv. ut tltc ill»trf<^ta id filt'ifh, Amliira. aqiJ 'llifT^. lo- 
ivllut «JV*T";i! ikWiil M<i,i.>00 »•.{ mik*. llif Khyii- 
<aI Btrij^iLLiri hiF A, i' \<Ty rniaorkhUc, ihid umy b« 
guDinrblJy i]t<*orili4<l u n VB«t Mvii* of tnblv laikd* of 
i-onrrtM HLkJ oltva nf CKAt ol^viLtiiTi^ inifftwfitHi by 
|iri1riiinil tiirl narrow nvlnna wt lb ti'mnlcof rlvm 
fi'Uiiliijf ill itii^ir ilnpLl^, vid uf iiLmLLTiui nujfo* ol 
lii^b nuil iiiUi^i»iMLi]DUi]*cUH[Hr(Hd \jvvt lim tnrlan 
iif ihc cimblry in *(tpuviitJ^^ tba Tri]ilcit confuaion- 
Tlin mmintiuna afE*D jlHUma ih* atlwi^Mt viiE mca^ 
lartLiMtir^lormt. Muyof thcVkWi m^rvViLu IKCrlHI 
ffiet In hfiglil. and tli&l caU-vI A1<tia nlunf lit tfa* 
N:iuU:ji rwij^ GuiiAj vdu4 frxii I^Imi l>uiibta. lod 
uthfiiit UT (iriff M.OOU fth Till j>^cnbfV«lciM>inL uF 
tbo UIilc-lHHiii ia bel«r«ii iJOUO utA itM ft Tbty 
«n ^unaf«U> rifilily tLntlivd wtih ^tbh though tnwt^ 
b«r« of wocib vvJ tuiLto-'irj 4Tbl[.LVAt«l IajjiI* prcduoiii^ 
VttriMM vnriA pf ^in. ?CitLt*JthArAiif]ii](; iti* minut^ 
Ulunn chnnuirr n( tht (Muntry k-nnmlly tt onnulnt 
iiUBT Tallrya mat} iiblna rtuiukAlilD fur ticAuty uU 
fcrtiUt;- Of ibea^ IUjj iiliLLik rjf l>cii.l)C*. ^lildi liw 
bWBiallcd tbe gt-h|iik(y •'i -\ . u (]» lur^aL A- ow«* 
iU ptodbju o^Eififiir»tiiiti (o t^a [rg^mi-m V4>t4uw 
iT]riVfrfii'<iita ft wbirb It uiLH thn t-li<<Atn> iii Dkf ]itL#r 
Irrtlbry prrlcKl. Tlifi ku'tct rifL'ki jltv Knuiiu, ^c^tii^ 
vrviyctiitc; Hbcvc tine rvaU<!U>-*Ju;4 , wIjjIc 1m tb« 
uifcr feurfiUvof ilii: couulrv ■aiiJ*Ic»d |iiuiii[i4ljjAU>k 
dfut lying uii tbv IjcfB of tUo mi^nlfetna in cnortneiia 
lUt nuUK* Amtti'nt vn]E<uiic rtniVm ncnnpy Ur^ 
triirtB Tfin nvntm nm! ■t.FTiuna df A hd* tfit^ 
nuiurmm. kait <ximi|uiui]inir lo tbp pmcnl ilopo ol 

ihl «iU(;if.T llfV mi^tl.T tulVHtU LXlc WVl IJT uuitb- 

ifi'(*t to cDulnbuu Ihvir wjtUm t^ thf Nilu. 'Hm 
lu7v*l {■ lb# AlaJ <ir Blun N'IId, iwbioh, w«iib( irom 
L4L« l-r#fph*i^ varPHfiaiind tovArd* tl^v bintjt««ac 
nnd rHvlvnlnUi; fctderv fmlu hntb tkilm Hu ivit 
Ur^Ht II thtt Twmn£- na Irapctnout ilrtanw vtdfb 
riath mwt uf IaIig Dvm'ica. unJ rluwliLij in ji iiLirthEal^ 
unJ ■mt4:(ly dirvctinn U^iiu tlw AUat^ in N ubu, tW 
IkttarrivariJjhiliJtvLn); lU M'lirKi* in AbywbiL lb* 
flinrir>&trii'-fr mil^o nnrLh i^ the M«tvb; inlh««i>Dlh 
tta luHuli, wIlLJi. Aiui funriintif t\tf Iiriiinitu7 t*^ 
ivoanSho* mid th* QaUa Munlry, (Iithi lumiit^ili tiw 
iivrtb^aC mi il mlan m lulu Lu thv lolt«r i^AuntfY- 
l^erv arv irnl in4(iy Uli««i tf luii al». The l4t]^<4 tA 
L*|u TtMA or I>«ubq>« ill AiTLiian. wbivlt o>irf|4 ui 
vnm nf hIjaiiI ;.Vt tt\ oiiJm. ftiid U k baHitilul dart 
<ir WAtrr Athang^ uirl Hklh Uba, aa«r Ibt eulBm 
UirJar Iff tlitf nnintrr, ncu *Jiii of •utu 1m|irtnaiHT 
Th* diiofelt of lUa (i'[irilrv In v vkT^iBi iv III «ur< 
f*!^ li th'hwbcr nvumUia ivfLniw H n^fmu- 
wiiJllH^JJiliir ui tU»\idb«y4 11 tatlfrlij^ufuli vkil* 



ADVSSiyjA. 



13 



the wut Iui] on tlie Fed 6a^ U ona uF tta hotlat 

OMlttmiD (ill S*ptonil>*T, huil ir««D iiQWnt Ba tfipul 
B •tiifj t-i m^iriiltiir^ iiUfc>iir, Thi-iiii^li uvuliin Oir 
iroffim.iennt thi* hi^i^hE at wliLfh miu^h'^f itn- i^iim'-rv 

4hm kw.pcn»C Bifw- Tbv (^ruioiiaJ ijnuik iT"|<a UE 
tdUlol, Hrley, wheal, uuibe, ■ui'liK.-n'^PoLiuWMr'^cu). 
ARh^tur* i« at iL law >tuw, tb'iiiH^ ^>(» ['u^firl 
fUiTttvati'aii AbyMimift ThiRbt hrivim* itnn i>f t1ir> rhift 
omi'prvduaiaj; omjuiriRi of ili« curtTi. 'I'obsm^, 

■uaij Eilaut; but tUo <,Mltd**lSi>i] uf lJji< vine fiuLtV' 

HKlfhliaufhacwl nf Ijikrt [J»i[il*t, liu i^ivit iiiii ^1 fliL^-l 
II thmii|;h ihn rmniUv**^ Th-iti\rn-tif liti'n^'jntty 
reptvKDli the vholu nntfoof tboMv^L^I'lt )(irii,i.Uiiii, 
tluttX lliu pdui uf iliv ttir^jui bt Uu^ iiujulrlo liiL'Jj4.ii vf 
lb* borUem ro^aiu.- -Tha duiti«tioiuLiEiku1j ounjut 
aftbfWflUHtkUirfvui^'l dUawhom, t^gbtbirrwithcuneU, 
Hw Utl'T, wrtb miilM uid uav*^ v* [ih]>^y mnl v 

bMitK nf bimlm. Vwc hflrdvofDvi-n arr uint vitb. 
'niD nLiil anlujihli Include tlid Unu^ vIi'i^Uul^. bSppU' 
uiAaui'i*. (410 4ail LW4' Eiujiivcf iluiiuu^iv^ Kif4ffu» 
leMifrd, «cbnb, he: * K**"^ vutcty oi birtit, .viicdat; 
wbioh an •4f^1«H, fiihuhM, pattdU, j^uiihu faMy 

nlvt rtixwiiiilpfl, uml tiuin^roni Rrp'?ntji> many of thorn 
uf UryEuiic 

Tfai; |Hktfi)k4iiQ i>f Abyvinja cuuaiiU if « mikbim 
nf rcfy diHoRELt clemenb^ mad lUmn^ ihn Ewab fi?iv 
cvOUinv*, (hr4a^b uilnctifi* fvitds tlm aUw troiitf. 
laniDf, *arl [i*4Eiloniw, hiw Hnnrhtinl tn ik tntAl of 
mopa 4.0i]».CCiO or S.OO(i,000. 'rhv Ab^wtnluu 
fmpvt iiinn bbc umm oJ tbo pnjilv. They att bniwii 
in cnrour, baTC nguUf lokliiiwh Obi ivqU- built fewaes 
•od bvbliof to l&* R«nUtia ^toak, Thnj u<d dividiij 
Islo ttfttv biuiAvt, vyoh 4n 'LrtiricruLdhDil by lui 
giffegs Aiid ph^c*l pDCuliBriUaii. nn^i form iJw pnpu- 
lillEia> dF thi> tlirrfl r^anr '«f Ti^, AiiiTun^ Arul 
LiM*. TJui iiiJkHNUuiU nf Tj^ km huihtj^it Intli 
in bgdfljr uiii inenul qiulkln lo tlic mttf the lo- 
'r^Hl*'^ of t^kD BlBhlnnil* flf Abyiflfliih Tbuit 
kwoittD. iha 11^, i« uuwt diWly iilllt<l t^ tbi; 
aneiaM Klliiu|q»n bAf^iUtfn Ih' t:buiT£, ^birli v/nr 
tonamlf npnkiiD annlnHiVHly In l.hur uliitlf nnrth-ii^iiit 
ol AfcpwMk. Injt \t niw ouly tJia Uui;rii>ij:fl tiF tliu 
abnTUBod ■Qvixly uiK^entoLnl byllipoki^. The 
iMfMnotllto Aiuhuu^wluch UEf-okon kU> by (Lt 
pyulWiOtt of tiboa *ail GvFitjug. <1d vi^UM fr<kia U vvry 
omiidAniblj'- *rhK Anihartt ]aiigELug« h itnv ihn 
Bvoanl UnEVBtrv i>f tbn finnntrr Tlin Aq^wh iwlili'h 
■Ml Mn t, nmuiiLt nF tb-j rLcii-:ri4.>iDitio itbtnL'iTiii) 

bAliil Lb« fWuii^a lai/iinUiirLi uiinJ i^'vimJ utl^or ]i"Si 
fitifli^ call tbiHTMulvw c'bil'In.'Ei {<{ Ivj'i, aikd lliuir 
flortonu JiDil loli^itiia ctliHMnniuv* li!i<.-f< in^ii\ J4>whIi 

lai A forluf coimn'Uj^i: [Ink I'^m^vij itio N^vri-* ^'^d 
CviUMEiui rm^Mpaiu ii|!i't»hl v\iit nlj tbi* luHcr djiLi-iL'Li 
tif |)m coucilffy. Tire*' e*nur fruiu ibu iuLoior uF 
AfncK muf AinWrad AlvvniniJi Fnun ilia toiilli- u'cwt 
■fiTHit IMJ, tthiv vbin'h tnnn thrny hii'i |,*raxtiinlTy 

iDfluilfnif Aiii|jnn« ■■uIuuh Hh^a^ ^uuvi^ 
Dwnut.Ac^ TlielutiAbibuiliiuf Abyjamlikjiciic(^lyiv« 
dianHoricBcI by trnft mid trcwih^^ryh iind uiTilicj-tion 
!• at fe lnv>0r piirb cbkn FflimorlVr iliiachiuf o«i]pii- 

tt^kVOX And Oiitton, niiil tti? brwdli^E ^^F cauIe^ 
Uittuf«ciiir»urvUiuhCi:d i« thL- prapaniLJun uf luuUu^r 
aDd PATchnicriV ibc nt-avmu "F (^uttim. tbt inukln^; nf 
WMilha unit |paW bur auixtUi. nnd noma Tmn hn*l 
7%alr*iJ* la nf mmlL an^niint. fJir'ii^fb nmli^r 
« uintvbM mofwLtJ^Kl aEat^of altjtir* it iui-U«'H>n 



IwHine ituporidbt, Tho» ts Iq 1V<^ ^ aciuadenbli} 
Inuiiiit tr»Ja In fTo-lucU 1mm Iho ^'Utli of ASyMbia 
i^iiil iliia iDturLurof Afrin, 'IV^AiP e» niuvt Af tlrvJy 
r'AFTiF^lnn in AiiJifkru. ^itiPtr' Gjiinfnf, fmin Ela fmrinir- 

Tlta tradv wUIj Iha ^■iJF ucMjulrmpaHadiEeflj aIoD^ 
tbK« Mulcv. kll vl vkli&oh niHt iji Guilder; t^oiotfr 
fmrtborfy ft^ll'fwt lh» vulfcj oF thu TuiKHf b^ Han 
w»y flf Soft to Subii^ Mo«iK*wn on tiia K*d Sd* ia 
tbii Eirinrti|iitl <*EiitHini]ni ft Fopirign tnulK 'Hii* nnu 
nun bmij£ lii^ri' tV cbii^ pr>dtjvttf(rf AlfyHfltdimmldf 
i"Ui?<iF tbr Li4JiiJtLiJr«« ly^ri;: » tbci«btuid suutb, wiil 
riTci*v ib F«/hhDh:*^ tbi wati* uf EotupoHid fiuiiii. 
'iliv fnjfvkipi InuJu it Aimoftt HeluitvuZv in tbu ltaT)<-U 
ipf tint Mi>«li^rii>. t]i«ii(jli tnmo BfitJKb, Kivni'hs euhI 
fi^niiAii nirrtdiiml* lm»n rwrtjthf irttliMl In Miuc>fiwii. 

hri^f\^fi4-—'^^l^ r^Wiiinn oF tut? AtijvialiUJH. M'iih 
tki- v30TptLim uf tlw FftlAahAa. iJn STubaiiuiivdiUs, 
ftiid »ui?h oF Iho Ltalloj u ttiU ntciiun bviUhtn, » 
Cbriituhuily- "llnjir Llir"i»luinjly, hfj*'<»iir, cqiuuU 
hJnoHt KHfltJBivfrJy m cvmn^itiii] flfniiTrviiniiH, Rnd 
thftuffh lU" ruiiiiiii^niit rlfirjrv occupy ibcntrlvi*! mufh 
with dii^^UiUtit »ii1itlvtJ». tlicy ihrr. e^rn Ukmif llii^lr 
uAb vitn Hjf r.'biiiLLiU]ity. vtE-y Iaji Clu'EtLliiiut, Tlwy 
Form ■ pcvididT cbiirob. uf A'tu<.'b TJic AbuiA ■'.«. Oiir 
Fotimr. »■ buMt- Tl« Al>uitA jm j;»ii*r3.|]y njipninlol 
liy th* fVijiiir piLtnaTL'h .u Alr-nandn^ u tli^ Abv>. 
tSniMi <'b"rF*h a{:ivrm tritb thi" rnptln \n boWhifl tbo 
Moritfpbiirllk' vji.-^v in fvj;iLr-l tv tUa Triiilty, wUlh in 
ritunj and ili*ii|^Lap it clp«ly ivacEiiltka ihn urtbciiW 
i»ric]ii&L iiDclB. It JiHon froiii Ihcm, boWL'^r, iii 
vivti^i rpiii4ik>l>I«i ^trDLib»itiv«i lU LiL t-Tui I'^rniiiitu^HinR 
of Snpth K^TrH, thp rnmpbjJini^ uiili i.htp MriHji^ law m 
n^nl to mcMd aimI irariricntlon. thfi ot'^.-rv-iiicr uf 
tbu B4tur3ay ot Jw^^iili S^bbutli, At^. IIiav havii 
nuuiirraii' vlim^n. tUa imul wH:it(jb <if tlv^iii >rii viit 
miD In tbci mck: ibn nmrv modnm aro ^nnvirJIy i^ikfilT, 
rtuT»d, And <ir/nLnUt with that^Lcd i»ofi, Uid Mluau«l 
i.kfi IiIUUh kurtiiiimlH by «ili«r«. in thu ticmily h>1 n 
rmnin^ itnyini, fn* Oi»r cutJ^iniSi-iifP of hhi-ili»in. Ha 
HVbtiiLEv i>r Uin'i-ulivfii ilhi UiltimbM^I, biit tLvm mtr 
imiTirivLH I'Li^liHTA. DiviJifi wWi'ivo wmfito ohkfly la 
n4^inif p^n>«icf4 <if t«Qriptnr» nd n Admlnliilcriivf 
llip ahP-miovrit. Th« ^Icrvy, vilift m* vuy iUj1«nte, 
Ekftr HL]itui<l Iv TiirttTj. ftmC fircr HLvidikrl )Titf aurabirH, 
■i:ri1]i4, hjhI irioiik*, Tbr Ivt f<inn lim I'lv^n^ tb" 
itii" oF wbktSi ikif iiiiiii^rnnE. nii*] Ijvn in innnftilffl^: 
vrlillc tb'> <rthiii* nifjry, vid di<vi>lv Uii:U4bi:i1vca Ui 
Oi^i icultiut*, h'^ 

//<*^irp/. -TFm At»b Inulilwn Uth^i tko Aby-«ini' 
nn« <iiifiLin^'il fT-»Tii ^'i^iiiTi. htliI Uwiti^b Ux-ir rnrliHl 
Inxv»r^ [■ 1'kl of fabti-n tlicra Im nixtnii^it rlinl itcy 
i\<,i' \.- <[ I LI rijtin it-'Lfi^L^ nj oivUlzatinn ut jin «arly 
t* I I ■ ) III li'^i'T < 'I" ^ If iaI lu&kr! limit' ui-iivLU'djin; 
in Ui" li I _''"!'! ' I Ai'iiiL. l-'liniTHiarijly ytom ititru- 
ibir.'rii rprii'iiL>,' 1[i('iQ in i^]!.' iijLiJillu uf Ul* -^(h Ptntiirr, 
Hiid pcirtn iiiri'ifi iiviT tbii uliEklo cniinlry I'ndpr tbv 
AtiiiiLtiir nilifK t]if» j^tiiiHiiiiKii kini^lnm ntiAknMt h^ 
Unalnl iplp^ndkput^ Imt pkviii IopI It (ii fCijj>L<i|Uriiiv ot 
iha n>ix\ucit* vt IoIailluiiil TIk wmiw vliivU ibt^iL 
rupjnmaiLn^ Ik: two:']! the Al^iBiiru&h» fcn<l tlio MtiJuun- 
taadr^n, ainl CHUiiiunBd *UiV'n to rwrt^iit liin-% liAd Ibn 
&*^c( nj f>]eL-i|(iiip tbc linyrrrwi iif t'lirJiiUvnly, luul 
narmwiiit- itn limLU. In tlin ^A-iiy tbp mjiTlttilH-' CnoE 
uF tZjc ^^udLura, tLit'l iif eL? Lr^d <if Aik-K bctwtuii 
AbT>Ainl& (tfopL-r i«iJ the llcni Seft, ttiu tr^urforrfd 
tu Miibiiit>mi>dajiiBr». 8UU Eiir>r« jjnutrDUi ta llm 
Abj^FLian^. nen* o^nliii*'! tit tbu liiyb IflJids wsr* 
tbfl imptinna of tbv I>ji.IIv, wfcin. m»inirrf fn^m tlio 
Bouib ill ihc lOtb cxiiturr. vriMitd tiTi'iC'H-y aftvf 
turlit<:p|'V, tuupiiJilUd fiivljlfiil di vft*!iillcii«, rutub- 
lt*iiLT.t Lbf ]||3ctvi<4 LiLllK'nupIitLpF tkcSiiinJlirrijr,4[nli 
pDpulntion, auiI Lbtfuby mtuud thrir nlr^p^ into 
horWfiAin Vtatn thu |iAinrul ai ihi) orn'EfN-* tba 
Ahjwitain priunp^nriif^t bitd iklwajt [nimt«irfi(l 



u 



ABVSSINIA— ACADHMV, 



• 



P 



Torodii iliG «i]iL of tLi! l^cli cviitary AbyrBliilii vtn 
brH^it iatu dvidr wuUd witk IVpctujiaJ- lu (;uii- 

ik* «giair«nfivi of tb« Uf^vDa to iCAeumMb, In Ihv 
Ibtj mt 0«i>Ely Ald»d bf th« inl1n«fjw uhinh th* 

inrUnt Hxraimlu thH imvi jifviiBt Hx UutumianlAna 
aoil iSiiUiH. Ttxt JhuIUv iKugn!in)f)>t iiKit unJy vl>- 

of Ilia tf>Ui tf^blury* tftft «ui4Tr«t*>^ .u ViUS in Dniuinif 
uvfr thf ri>v^ fuiiily, kD<L rV^clin^ & Ifirni4r iininn 
^f tlu viTUnl TinlifiUBl cl/TiiY-h vtlh tliat of lroni<r. 
Tlin*nWvirv«vtTi^iin!Qiij[»uikd wIlJi vluluiil liilcrJiiJ 

«uIt CWiiiUQ Utlii Ukd puoi WH iii>t fin«Uy n- 
aMU«k^ till 1033, what tbc(?^bknlicpriefl*v«n 

ftiUa^ iMiiitlH^I or fDurrtuTwL Uuring tMO p^FLOpdii 

aaUlivity of tho ILiig or iwvut wu rwlDCvd bi a ihihit 
■hidt;*, vhllc on tLa oilier buid ibv roi vr Rovmitini 
of nii1t«ulir iffoilacea wmAo UnntHlna inJcVKniclaril, 
«ad iMKBwl tiw lllle fJ kitii^ AoMrJiKgJ^ Ab*v 
•fnU tindttii dirbilcd ialo » ttambur eS vlrlu&llf 
iiulftpmlnt Uintah thi* mtmt imjuttiLDt «n1 tin Tif«t 
kturtra o( viliM *rv Ti.t"' in ui-- nnrth. f;(inibtf ** 
Axnbm BCdupjbh: iXm luiJilI^' nt\^^ Ur^'oii inirtLju 
of ttiD cotltlVyt vi't H1j4l4 in llm khiiIl I^Lta nuJ 
Kf^ ia tin iiKvl llnihiniJuiLg rv^ijiif bains InriUr ffol' 
tJT^ttd qijcL mora thicUv |i«r«fi]»(l thu tb« VHt. 
IVhiHm thur k-injrtnnx wfiufi htn> Iwvn nfttit viBli»l 
■nd dscrflBJ. boUi In uinrat and nioiltn] timn. 

iIk tuvlli, iDWnifld bj tnilt^'^iiienl cduuf*. Alrout 
iHfit Km, It tihbI rJ IU- AU d AnlnTm, rv«n 
*f«iiHl hM ni|ianaT, And likfing dvUnunaH tiim, 
gtkkvl wmty o«vp • «nuli:lif*hk port til Ahyit^niA, 
Mi4 aa^Pirpd muk ittBumm ihM hU fbUfnvchlflfk 
won kqA Id mntlnual wiKii.-4ir. Ti- cutLub^iKl Lk 

■vTMbwIlj «l 1I4 bffniiii Wdob bad bMO lootr liWhf; 
te obafuily, ft TtiUD who ntffhl ttlfffi tm %ht envlKiii 

and«r th* pndiltfM; gf llw sbuiu for ^b iiuipn«L 
IW ibuu mn linvlitv »} K*«»p but tin iMlfr *uo 
ohM Ib «crabl«rm4la( Ui biflucm^ uid la Intiiul- 
dbrildc lk« MiiHii oUof^ vh0 f^ond iImuhI** 
lonv4to4lM«UnHtiii^h«d t&Uwswl<f ISM. 
Afl«r d4>Mlnf m^ tiJdnftprtBbV tilt neat imiiwf ul 
tmon u A Vwk Klof «f np^ la th* htflriTiliuf of 
lau, Kwt W InoaUr Divviml v ruK <? FOuot^ft 
[or tha nlDb sf AbTMtiiit^ nuJcr Ih" Lilt- of IM- 
tee I- HWdoBtniODi Jkd nAt<ukbru!«ftll Abywlnk, 
ba«vvtr« ISO l«trt. w^cii b# bld«l »fac* to thra. 
TWa J ow " * ff^ffy w A tnonmfa wiu twI >a namir 
M ODB DdfSt UT« nptctel- Hi* rDdwwoar»cl u> 
mttbUA aiUKfdkl rvhilant with Borvtw, ud to 
imiuwiB bidaMrT Gk lil> Llupluur, inln^liKiiir k 
aiUTiliir«f Bfl»i]4ili utiaaui f« UiM pur|4M^ He 
Bjigplivi ffurvmniiBTil bsRTig intfulul th* rHTtltim 
ntte <4 A bf ■ ■ in*t hr thmwlil Ia ■nnrtliBt' aid tfmin 
"y^**^ ^^liut t^c Invudtn: nrl whh llint iltv 
MUOBodj couna] tbe fifuur I'f lijc 1trH*U i-idivuh 
■aJ acmla, Iwl fJiKliHf luuiaelf Ih%*ar4nl Ui bi» hrri-^ 
of HiritMfi4id»!i«lWt*f nifr|iittapltf mtofaptlviij- Tliv 
tiBlnf^ m>flhj UI1I ittvr^tj of Imi ovn HicpiMitiriri 
ji)b Inwht Blwut » 4iiikb«igpMiAfi «f tbn pnvr* he 
b»l M^vfrHilDditor thauAfsMedMBnlttUlni- 
dnd noonafia^ Ibdr iiiiJi|3*ndiBiv, 7^ bbvnUuu 
4f Ctenl OBia«a hhI tbr «thn upcir« Srilkh 
—b j i<* afed BunpHH^ vhuh onnU nat b* frooBPtd 
tPM* 7%Mfcv« If MfDtbiU**, *«« In 1(47 mAlv«d 

rK bf ihB ItagUiai fffvamnnn bT '""* '' ■'"l 
Aqffa-lndkftWDqr.I^WOMonjiUdslBlnUjr 



t^uippttd. wot (l4ipaUte4 ban JlimbkfT tind«T th» 
04initiuutrl nt Hir l£ KLftW, tn AnnixLi^ Rat. na ths 
AbymlulDi thktn? 4if tiie |:«l Sol FTdid lEdi pobit 
ibc r4|«dilkm •tolled ijj TFlimMT, KOfL uid l^ iW 
ihlmmtbid ir«iienilLif> of i» oommiDder^ whf vrvrt' 
wbiBV ooDoliAAod (]i<i fntrndiiiiip of tb* pH>pJa on iM 
ham of mtudh, umTHi witham iDtttdLntto dMmJIf 
nr ntty frauwirc vlthin vt^ht if Mft,^ilk|ft. «h«* tfu 
u^iUui worn ImpriMjjEd. Ai thv vin/, on V» ^(ak 
uf A|iri], tramea tlio rsriiw ol ilii^ I^hiJi\ on ihn 
tmitliautc of Trtiicb TiMn thi* prwjii'itoLjt iwk on iiUgh 
Mfigdola^ -ffith iuiHilJAitnrt (iTltalFaUAuid&wtMrie, 
■tniMl, 'rhi»ndnr<< tvT\t riul ft lu^ iH^ly of lili troofi* 
|j] rr|vt tt: but kfur n britl DuLHiirl tiny mrn drivtUi 
bark iijLfi Mit4filii]B. ImvLni; 34i> <Wivi anil muij 
^vuuudvtl im tb* fiflld, whllv tbe BritiaU !«■ km md^ 
1 dvi knifld ud About 31^ wuQckd After wm^p 
kttoDipU •! iK^lUlEon, lL« Btut day bo Ulrcnhgd dt 
llic i>A|^a(«, buEl *iMit Ihum unhuintd lo tb« Botitidt 
mEt|i; hit fmt |]fniin b* nftiHM] In «qn>ind*r; Ua 
iftfT vi iniHEicwmrlut mrWritirr tit fvr&ph tfrnn Mvt;- 
dftli, jiud ou iftt^oipt iff ojoiiaLt iiJuidL\ cm April I3» 
wlwB iho toHitu w Mluti by uiBuItt hi* dv»d bodr 
1PU found new Ibo «etfwiH w> Ud dwcUIu, kb Bit 
Kari!ag«vUatill^b««al4bA byhiAom buid. Aflv 
diwirnyinf MucWa ihtf i^prtrii[j.in At oikh tpIvdIiI^ 
bniijflnL- n4ay TlioodWa cikl/ «iij, ft <i|iUd dt Mvni 

I'ur A luDj^' biritid ^uutl id] tlir ^ImU f«id ^:ly 
Klin*]— p* ii» AbrHLmn wwo JidM«r1 itnly by lh« 
mnibitini ef Iha l^m^l court to oxlond il* vwftT, br 
liiff pimit bpaI nf rprrf,MtuiE minifiniiry and nihl^ 
iixilttTiA, or 1^' mollVM mf ii r>i)rc1y tdtDlitlr naiorc: 
but uivrc ivvciLtiy iujfuiljuii LucnduUlt acuI |>tjitical 
iulcKMa hare Uid ic umuv[«ii>t3|ioblioii> acu u*^ 
tigattaniL Ai*ar»of Ihv iiupATtoaH ol tlu oom^ 
in npunmit n|> a trtdH mth tb*t intprinr M Afritti, 
(■r«[Lt ItrlUin 4>ii>]ravniirft l^^ niAl4l1«h brr ki0W<adv 
In II. uiJ ibiTDby'iLnrUJtarl the jffilmiiy of her tttib 
ill Uilb 1iiiini»[i|jnva. TIm intiiviHii nf ths' Fnmdi 
ucoiU mjAKflnl ij) «lfbcnliH; Uio cxmiloinn of Uk 
Bfiliidi miidfiii»ricB Irom T1^ aod fitW wMn, and 
In oiUbUihbifr Iho Knnch aundne^. [a (vdW b« 
Monlawt [t. Majnf Hanft «« «1«^»ldvi1 in IMO 
III Ilia Ktiw cif flliint, aatt tint aDlr auopwdirf In dw 
nbjwt nf Uf nilnidTi, biu w abk, tiam Ua Inf 
Roklfuc* I n Abw^filt* lo f i^niUi an importBUt tfio- 
tributloh l<ioarkai>ivJ<^£co(|boc«mtiutftBdlAca 
»f HmI AfHoi by bla nA viitiUad 7Ad if-jUoBkJf ^ 
BAiqpia (3 vniL, l^oftdDfif JHUJ. Kn« Uul ln» 
OUT acqvdnUnDi trttb AbjnlQl* luu ^ra Bnuly 
«iteiM,ai»qbl htvIb hi tbbiv4>c»t faH^s bocn 
■vndarvd by the f«e«r| aii«d|llci>, 0r I'IdimIco* 

Ac«ni; * jfHQUt of piMitik mder £«nwiBilap», 
iuVontcr ^!namr. ftnval «f iJse ifioda yfaU 

CLi uabit' and sum iMCKid : ajuia liktF a^riuii'viil 
|jt4Tic] p:k|i. uval In laniung; ami inlba fum«f 
an AqftraLiJUi iip*d««i, Uio natitvH cf tlm Sii^an Rjtvr 
Itnd ui tmpnrt&nt U^\n id focct, ^ -VynJ l< tte 
Khlldin mod o| ttit Rltlc, and ^. /om-Mo furobliv 
il>rCuWtInib«. iVLiJi-u. vTjIl-Ii »w itfcd1i]lbe«Mlia 
id Hyda !*:■>% (>pIiU Tf^cr. TLd acanlia an btqni 
mtt all tl» flola 'XfPiit F.iip^po 

AC^niKT: an uvAnAUnn Ut tht plflfaiitioll cd 
UuntitviT. ■onvp^^ iraK' faUhEUfaod Hnrtinifa I7 
^vcniDCiit, ■nmettiBia vj tht Tolanluy mdoa of 
lirifalti miUvidiialh Tin lawulm, who an ^uall^ 
iliiidf^l iiitn cqiijuuj, bojiwvy^ BM ODRlNfHnAv 

mmibrT^ r.tlw «tM (Ur OWU da^iBllUMllih CT 

lolliHv ihoo* piwIlMd by tbr jmrvnittrot. Hid »l 
rrcnlai iBMl'in||i onnmuifiMla iJia Rtulk erf Ihrir 
Ulatin in |A|ivn, uf ftlmdi iJisnfab lupDitam ara 



I 



ACADEMY, 



13 



SipUfct (41 tn* ];:diili]Mi|iliin1 kIidq] of Pbbi^ fnua tlm 
•n vhvpr In u**(l id iOKila, « mrt or irnriU^n hi 
Albau wHcli WH Mid to Lave mIkiiivH cnfUuLlf- 
U Ibe hen Awfomw. IW tooilfiulioH In the 
F1*lf>ojc pUlDf«|>bj IntFodaoMl in loiter tlcoH Ird tu 
ilia diatJnnltaFi bHivrvn Elw Oii1» thv M&cliiln, nnil th^^ 
NV* AckIvdj;. ttm fijijiKlvn i>E w)iIc1l viith ):n>pn'- 
tii[flhr rUlQ. AnwOMWh wiii Oimiuiilw, 

Titn flnl Jart^tuLkm nf aDthoilr whiah uKrila tliP 
nftma ef Af^dstoy, \a tlio niHoni kimo ti tlie tctm, 
vn* ■& Alfliuiiind., tvLi^rv Via qotutcviiy ot ihtt Pliil- 
cdnuB e<jlJcd«i| a uihiivpieib uwwlaEian at tcho\xr%. 
vfu wvn Vi lar* UJniurrd tir Uil« fitrtifinn nnrl 
BvrfectJdi of liiunaa kDowLtdyp, but suou fiJ] iubj 
UiDBaa>k OF the «»ioUo of naun&tU*! luUlt^ivL 
Pkvn AiaMttdtk Iho Jaif* bat j owcd Ihv cualon ot 
fDWuliBf aeaHaaoH, «ld^ wtva vUHiidtHl, ithwr 
\lt^t\ntm nf th" lit cvnliiTy^ jfl th* nit.if^ uri thi> Kiu 
phrat'<s ftitv Nf h^rrlii, »nil PjinrhicUto. Fmrr ihrm 
tbc Ncvtoiiaot l^uxuxl, iij ttio flilx oc(ilaf>, Vi vjJuc 
adaace, akul iiapuicU iLe uuut ai^ml l^> tlie Anba, 
vboH eidoltoiil Eatiplu, AJmMUDr, Kivun jlI iLut^^hiJ. 
hnd AlmBmiiii.faaDdwianuialwTrrf lu'.i'^unii.n, nhmh 
wnr* rttfwbal fpinn (VirHj^va tfi Iti'l-hi-m, la tTjj* 
fikrtbot oiM, with th« rnatut vuordt. jM thfl 
orurt«f Cbailcaiuciiv ■'r Gud aii kumloiu.fp ttlitdi tiu 
fcnuulal M tlic ■utn4aBti4>ii uf hi> iiuriEuclor Atonin, 
■mi at wbidi b*: wu hutimU n iHE^uiTior. Thi* 
OB^fnl tmtiliitjr.Ti vjLJi rltjoc^lcml \hi^r thv iJmUj nf 

ao c&lk^l. ttU il\t^ iln^c of cbtr coaqutA of CorutantE- 
nD|iltf by till-' Turl^ ti\v:u *c>vi:inu Qrvutu m:1iii[flri> 
WDR i:oinpe]lryl to Htc tu lul}', LoraiiRD iln Atf^Jid 
tlwn fiptitidtfd at Honno* tbn ^t Ownan MtaAvutf. 
nn'icir th» vHtv d1 liBnopjliu. I^Kdnf* Gilia, w] 
ChalmnLlyljai Comto afC^vanla eaiahlMiH tliA 
nUmlt aiaikTiJ^\, lid? i}I>Jnoi nf wKifh wa» llm *tiirlv 

riiikwph)r. Tboft T*tabII»hiae<ala JIJ u^b puUIbL 
tdn^ btlt thair fJaoca won filli^l bv ulkcrnuf u uiun 
1?Aflral efavMMP, wM<li t^mftA iMfnaalw otr all 
tha cltiaa «f Bampa, Wa iviU ntui^ th* meifl iou 
pofUdii «AAm tmrn ViaC KtlQ kiifiit, wcnrdbif M tho 
mbjaota V> wti(t:lt ;br3 arr doTntr^l, 

jftfa n n u S^Muftt, fijuud'^l Ab XapEua La I^ttO for 
lb* proaifiLDn of tlw uuitJiaini1.inl ainJ pli^-fllaol 
■Inoai. unm* ibnlt*}iwi H- il ja,-iii] intuiHlrt. fl wfn 
lcUijWf«| (^ thfi AfFiuiimia dri f.iw^i. fitUh'irrl ■.( 
Ro&f. about tlie ru'l *A Ibv >niDL* ituturv , Gl|Ul-u 
f»«a a mojubcr. Hie Acmdanim dd Cwinetto oivtc 
in Ike bcghiiiiii;; of the ]7tli «ritiiTy» ultcltr tlia 
prtrvD^ <if fmiLv Lmp)!'!. Afterw>jd' Cardinal 
da ni«i1ini» ftTi*1 niKQhfrri*ri »innn^ iN mpinboi^ J\at- 
ttti IM'' viiT nthaf iUt(jbiGulebc>l nea. Ttia Acta- 
tUt9'a litjC h-'iuhti, at BolofiUL pataUflbhl bcvl?mI 
CiocUtELl trv^lisis uuJtt titB litb Anfirri J'^m- 
Mcltme^tki, 10S7- Jil I'll It waa rnnloil yrlt'h 
lb* InabtoUof ll<iI(VTU. ^taUuliDa in 17J!^^ Tha 
Rnjal AndniPT at Ni|itm has prntarl rin^v 177^'. 
IM psbUotfloaa CDDUln nmo tnitruftlmtSiqicLdti'iiu 
«tt aMhnuatkBl tulrjwte. Of thi lidUuii auvlamltti. 
mniiU ilv BHobko tlK** at Turiit, iVluk* MiUiJi, 



VoQBa, C*aBaa» alt of which Inva pnUuihod 
Ibvrr trari«BftioTiL lln^y tmy hst «aUtH tho tiantli<^ 

vS UtEBi in hii caialoflM-— TTju Fwmch Acfliltmy <if 
BcionaM nt Pkiii^ />ru/^Lr< i^f^vir^c ilia .VdrjjTf, 
faundod m lAfll^ Iff G^Jbcrt, rcnivc^ tJic rojnl 
■atcAiaiimj i» KOf^. Tha tuambgn >ramJiTi'i«'] iitn 

BtwdonBE^H ln?i^vliL^ aftlnFioi), amifif*, §n\i\ if/dfa 
^^ ftmt c1u> WW lb ouTiUiu bni, lUiJ oadi ul thn 
Ibrov "iIxjH Iwpiity |j«;wt& ITrt prt^iiWiit. km 



ai^inud by tlu> tting out of tiia iSnt rlwa, Frnm 
tlw Hmnrl 4 Mi[*rwtunr ftiul lTrti««*r Wi-n. vlM4«d, 
Tba Duk* uf 0'li>*n^ vlirii nvrut* stnlbliol Uia 
cIah «f /fffW, aiidBLilMtllulcd f'lf h (<rir iirv ulavtih 
tlw 010 of wUift gaipria t il tnol'c cul/vj^cu, and bbg 
(itbar th a«#>^tA, to vhlob laCUr uloiM no partiovW 
ln-nrt.'h uf v!;ci]fi> i«iu m^irpml. A ri<irt finvblpnt 
iviu In !hi ai»|>oint*d ■nniuflv hj th" kins frmi tl»(> 
fini rlvH. «DiJ adiTeotoT mid Bub-dircctar fnin lid 
wxiftil. In ITBi thq kin}- aihlcJ dvan fur iialdEitl 
bUtcifV,apt«iUur*^ ibinunluQ'.Hil bbjiia; mIJiu 
tha whflJe oov ouniiBtod of vED;bt stniaaa. Ho aim 
inoerfwrntad iho iuK>n^ «nd tht adjunota {iulj9'nu\ 
THla loultqiiy miliar**! mnnjr n^rvlm tn h^«iia-, 
vit'Hiall)' \'7 the nk<ivmniJiiFiil nf a ilt^rpe itt Uir 
LTHridlan, and from le^V, with iix;l)r » fqw mtairui^ 
tion^ anuaall^ intt:diA£ieJ « voIudq of Ua (muAclUttW 
eeotLitultUE a HriLa of 130 voIqidh, RnuIU* de 
MmlaV foiindi^l iva pnur^ vrhlf<h tbi* ki^Rnv 
nnmuJiy ilktrlhuti^l: %h*- Ax^ ol l^JOn ItvrtA. furUi'(< 
firLiujotimn of {rbyucaZ Bft'-ronouiy ; thcKcuriili »t 2flllik 
ii^rct. fur ibat uf mvintluu uid cumtupro?, hi 
]TS>^ tb< navldiny waa ibboUabed; tad tiu XattdoaJ 
Itutjtut^^ {IriMtitiii d< Frartn) look iti filaoa, ao4llittt 
i-if il>r nlluu' KTod'^tnifvi Vari'iiit fihahffva Iil<W aliK» 
l«ra nicu|e.~An Acalurii)' nf ArLi ami ActcaHi vn. 
fuuxideU if UcHxu in IJOO, bjr Rji;; FiTjJnjick I-; 
»iaic vhvujo EU il oi-ck miidu iu iTti-^* |jmicipnJly 
Tclatitir to lirn pmtikfliDy, The: maniliurt wijro djvidc^ 
ioUt four ilit<bw ; Ihi lirirt u'cm> tn <fd\<^ thf-iiHaU'H 
V> nv'jnriil pJillnBniihy, irintij-rnr, imr! rht^trtlrtry ' tb** 
^Wnd t> imit^iemuilu. utrononiy, and inwluLnloi : 
till iliinl 1o till' tuaUfi^ imi buu^uajf c o[ CJctuijiiir < 
the ftjurbb lo oricnlnl litcmturc, tvttli a vl'itv In tat 
coatantpn oi tbo lir-ithm, l^li cIaivi L-iEm-Mn^ & 
^HJvataty f<V hit-. T^o t^nt |ir.^i:T>n1 no* th" fkiiii>ii« 
ljf\inn\a. Tbt livQiuUon liwu truly likFTmiriiriTirflpf 
Ktttlunak n,, vim InvIiiRl clMtaigiddWl K^ulun fri'n 
riTLi^ coimtrlu*, nnil apiiokiM Ibuputtiu' ]\s\'Mi- 
<]T<iit, I'litLc KAilfiiH wm bold mifi-ATiniLiillj, mt 
tb^' liiriL dflT <j' Uio kinif oad thf anirivtn4U7 i^f Lip 
aDcuanob la'thu ltu!«u. Ill the laltv ft |>n*t icadal 
ef 60 duQiU i« adjad^ Ia bJm who tat baat «niiw«r«l 
tha tiat^^tui pm|ini«d bf tb* arKleruv fiuuw that 
IJD)F« tbttr triuiatcUiiw liaTi< jv^hprur*! Jii a ftTTi-^ of 
volinuCPk imiJer tbt title }{fm«ti<i ^it CAiv^fmir 
Roytiit de» fKflifli tl tttUa Ltttrot d tierl'iH. TIlct 
ATO iwv, bovanr^ alvayi jivblkhud in thv (;«niLfUL 
Uh^nihga. Nmv vltentionii ttor? nwlo in M'M, m 
nrlTto ifiTp a mora onfal dtr«<rtiaii Id tbfi Ufirunaf 
thf: ACkdt^icy : amoni; «lber thlaif^i the rnyiil Ijlnn 
and Iho sibliKt uf arts «r<re uiiitiv] ^tb Ji, — At 
Mafmhebji, in ITfiB, Uw oltwlor, CharLa Tlicinlurc. 
uBUbluh><i JU1 AQiIw^, mcf^crdlny %<• tbo ]>Iilej nf 
SdlmpHin It iTiTiai«iHt, mt flmt, fit Ivwi cIumt^ th* 
htftcdml ood pfayaCoJ: tba laUcr bH dlvldv^l, ^ 
1700. bito Uic i>h7ilcft], ptnpwly n ollod. anil tbc- 
uicirurolii^iiiO, l^fr Crawne^oat Sa lh« dvparttntnb 
tif hutoty an-l phvjflo bars wiptftrAf under tbr litJ' 
Ae{*t AcndH'ii'^ TftPt>dan>-i'itliit*nfr, in tbu Inuirh at 
mnU^irnlr*;^ nndftT Uu* tltl*« ^ffirmrriila SneittaU' 
yfrUMrvlnptctr i*a^ari'jnr.- Thp acwlnuy ai lEtJuLcL 
b[u mJAlDt tiEiH ITi'i''. but not niuoh ridarcrfl vljcn 
B«vMia wiw tiuJinJ tu h kiiipl"iii. Its UDcEao^r* arr 
DiitJtJ(«i A^Jian'Jfiin^/tri tify oaiffufhtu Al^odemif-— 
l'rtt*'r ibn IJn*»l htul prnj-irlcid til* (•■Inliiivlivwnt of 
Ihi* linprilil AfTub'Tny nf fti'ii^uwj* ai Si. Pniorihurp, 
S^l^^[ iSiiiii\ilUy} VVidf nnil I^cltOilUri]] titc fuhjr^ct : bill 
hi* 4bi]Ltij ^Pie^vLjLcd iLc rv?<'ULii>u uf hji pE*-*ji'(;t- 
wliUh wju complcti^dbyl-'Mhuniw I. It* fir*l rjttin^ 
ir,sjihc]LL r>iic, 17^5, "l*lio rmpmn ojiprcipSflb-^l plkrinl 
^Eli'lOc^ TLiulili** a VMir Jnr Ui* mijipnTtnf tho iw^'inr: 
ttftaoi dldJOffUklird »holm in rtlfli itrX -Ip^wirrirnU 
midveil peiudDoa ■* aitubcr*, wSih the liiji.- i-f im •• 
livon, TIic uwrnt fMniKuii of tb'.-iii vmx NiuUulttB 



16 



ACADKMY, 



■ 



to 



uiif Duik] ^\ntoiil\li. tbo iwu Dn fjiilia^ [!i>ldiijrer, 
UmL Wolf' UbJcr peter II, tJiii nciulrtnr Ibn^uuJjnJ; 
Init rtiiv«d uiidcT ilic riifipr*** Aniiiv, anJ ilvdlmd 
tffikm 4ft«r fcDr'Ji.«tb. I'ndf r Kliu-bvtli it flnurifbad 
itwv. li vtf viLbraorl ujrl linpRiVsil, Htd Ui 
kCHltfiiT^ ■■! nrt* H'I-IihI iu HIT, vhirli wutuMnlviL 
i^n in tT(^<- 'HiIh auulciny ha> i^uiLlrilfiiu^l niuch 
tv*tt»niiiiCffunb< ku»<vkii^>iif tlir ij4l>v'ii>r[>f Itiiiwrt, 
hf maaAiai! n'n likv PiJlv, Umfihrt^ i^toll^erv. 4.iu|- 
ficaalAcHt Mki KUpnthj to cmvil ihroutrh ^n^U mm' 
Tiling onrl hu UwrIft pvnn rim 1'> vkud ^ihIIcdI 
wifliA Ttir EiiiiTiber itf tn-ti*it ivajiiitunk. itt^<Xm tho 
prwidnbi sAit ttjrvdur. mnnm^ta Lu Hftsvii. Tin 

ujftqaKn^bt, ■ v*1uLMrc4Wot (if ravdtl*^ *ad t-iiok 
oalfaHtnonifimtuiriJ ^iBtvrf, JtotmnMotlnUftpptMnd 
Inttl?^ to 17ITh iluriii)^ x^hvli poTiorJ ihry uoounb 
■b 14 vtiliiriim, tiEicl^T l^n liLlii ■ 'tmih^tiUwii Aeodeiitiir 
firttnrStr taprriai4i Prtraf^iiiUinn-. Fmiii Lliftt tLiiM 
till 1777 blirt vviv pLitijtnlrH uiuTir thv Litis AVi 
Owtflfttfji^irt'^ La lEO vojuinn*. 1^107 were tiil4r-p|atntlj 
caLllUd Jfbi ^MtfAA^fP. And dkt pHMikt Iha Brw 
■wiat i* qUlwl ^Vonn .trfu. 'ilin r^MDirriM^ri hw nil 
In r^Iin; tba Ar^ wi nanly in l,4tin, |ivtly in 
Fiwioh,'— Thi lt<iy*i AvvJi^.v i:>f ^notiM atKujuk^ 
IkJoj 0[l;;4ihkl«i] iri JtpriTMcfkMMtMtmiiiif bJji Isunnj 
m<B, 4lilH<iff whom wu LLiiuiutiit hbd LdU IU ItrM 
•aa^tfiip Jllv33» I7^l>. la llic uuu ^mar il^ik-ath] 
ilfl Enil pisiDdim IIh mMidiiijfm *Km httmi'cl 
mMlDinpiiticin, ud, Miri'li A1^ 17tl, thi- Icinjf n>n^ 
fpm<l <ni it tJit avwv of llic lloj^til AL«Jviuy of 
3wTiJon» II RCcisin, hvivrvri. itu \Kmiti\ fiuiu ibo 

jmfHHfr oE <xp«riuunt&I pliiliHOpliy <diEy, lqU two 
■WifUri** ar* pud ffnni thu fimiU of thu ndcni'ty, 
yiYAah u* mnoilpnU*. mriiiii' Imm Ln^^H An^l 
tlumitouiL TtiD pn«E<l«ioT L4 nld In lueu by tti^ 
llkitaber> nnjilijij; *l ^LmIiIk i|ui^ ea^ilj une icvutiink^ 
in vfioa iJinv bioniW TIia irvAlun rovl tn ibo 
■ittJH^ ^PP"'' l^uVrly. Tlio flnl forty rkilnEnn^ 

■MBit tdIuim* UQ «AUnl ilic y^i' 'llti- pfc[UT< rv- 
liwif la iptcaLMfi fe^tprar Liuihr tJie littt *I^^mmieti 
AUa. ^un^ conurtiiiii of juuqvy uinl K^ld uiiJilAla. 
arvuiDLjiJLy^iQUml,— Ttiff Ito;yjil Ao^ii-my k£ Cnpcn 
|iii|piii fpmnjr if^nv a UFOivly al iiJi liCvrary iukti, t^ 
tthftin riirirtiAii VJ miEiTmbtM. In 17IX tb* mru M 
liti cbblnrt o( mAli^li. Ttmy mbiDquHitly anUmii] 
liuur tdjrii. » A* l4 fvtiu » nt<ulv mnAoavt- Oim 
«f tbi** IHuiT moD ma Ibv CuiLtt of HolniDiq, ml 
«b«a* ■ufydilioii Qinitiin VI, tvck thv ■■acUmy 
IBiiartBi |irivtActir>n in 174:i andnw^l it with kf^in'f, 

tuVttiAl bUtn^p plo^cH. And miiUieinula- ^ Tlic 
[ln.ral tdofa Acwtciuy U Uullm nu furiJiAl la M'^i, 
loVBtly of Uw nwmWm uE iJie uruvcnnij* 'A'ha M««n' 
UaJ mikly, il*tnkiia<ialioailuvBa[i|iiMi«dnvuUrtj 
ri*M 1"£1 AiMfly u lAV^ thjn wm an ttm^\amj 
iB ]>(ltilln. tut 6«r^hK t^ Ihn illrtmolH aUUr of lh« 
OMDtfy, U aowi dsdiDDi tu 17«D k J']jjn»^-lll»' 
bJ«ic*l ftjoMy «■■ iiwliluted Uicnb wLisli imUuliril 
tano wlmw «f TVoniocftviH, but toiin Jvdinc-l. 

Jn^MMt/^vdj Ptvimtiiiin a/ Farticulof I>r^ft 
mfittM of At*9fr. - L JHfdttfit. 'lli* ^mdraH jVa- 
Aint L'HPKitdrvffl U Vtwirui. PtUnl id«o LfopnlrVt 
AcaiemT, w>« ftttuwd iu I^S, Al fini U (iiiUudiLiI 
ll« te—li— HMnUly. iul afUr IGSl, b »aluiiii>. 
Utoda LaefioU I^, «li^ faT^Qi-rd it in ■ hi^'h d^^v, 

Itahad u PAltniKK \M^- In S|h1ii. la:^^; *( VmfaA. 
1701; mni M Gvum, 171^ A turyicil MJidA4j 
VM MUlMi*4 >il ruU^ 1731. but »M dttf«lr*d 
4«iHr iLv Bm nnlaliaa. Tb* itfuhii«r /HwrndA 



(o^M^ Klnir JiiliQ V. fuumli-J. In 1710, % rov*l 

cf b dirvclor, fimr ciii«™», ik KcrrlBry, tiul fiftr 
lUmlvJ^: tha •iiVJL.nt "f Ui«ir vtiidy i' Ui^ *f ^]D*iAi>U' 
Atl «n'1 pAlLtinil hutrry 'it >'nrtii|fitl In Mulrltt ut 
UwwtUlon <4 tplii>lara wm InthtutH 4.WilJt 37^0. fur 
tu- twipmo »r IttvvUoHtJiitf oud cjijjUiiiid^ llir' hbr- 
tcPtiuJ umniUDfliiU iiF BmiiJ, 1l "^a* TirrifK*) i^i(ti mi 
aobJoiuy by Kinir rhili[a V, in y,^i<. It «^ri>i*U -ri 
m mtahtn, oiikt IkAn [ti^hliiti^i vnVfrih] ^ni'kini lii« 
birmLl wrtii; ■'>itiii U^t thf hntt timt'. «iii>0 in iiuw 

cjitfla At Curtuna^ iu llolyp tur Uh^ JituiZy of Klruriui 
wilMuili^B , aticrthdr nb l~p>vl. lil Btovilrii, ti-r tbo 
«liXa'JHtl'''H of th(' nortlvm LinfUoff*, iind Lhr soktl- 
^ittCiH of SHmlon, Itilli h»v# |>i])>lU1ivd vAEuftbla 
u^nrk* Itiit tb? nt'^«t Imji^rUnt of iLtH du* ot in- 
ai.[xaiifintv:tM^hr Ataiiitii*tdft iairrfjiiiimi'. M Parv^ 
fuumlnl liy {--ipllvrl, m MdD, for iliu umlv \tt ■ncivnt 
tiioniiiDciit', Aibd fcr the ]HE|i«Liii>lioD nf UnJ iiruuttk- 
itblv ocouriiifKHc flf UhiIt nwii v^iiiiiliy, hy b]<*q> uf 
pimUI*, fiBtUH, IhhTtjitinri, Siv. M Itrit it ImuI bal 
fnnr mPinboni. vhn wrru I'hnkrn fnnii thtui of ll^n 
Kmidi uohk'iLij ; liiib hi 17l?l tlie iiEiEtilitr wiLH ]^b*d 
itL 1*11 IfiiiiLimy ihciiiUirB, Uit jumitWj, t<ij| prnfrnn' 
hPTi'iVJ, milI Wii iUwta. lli'y ini^ nom^viuJdy io L^ 
Lrtu*'r*,aid L*Moi'np'yo*r twrtpiiMipuflmnnt '1^ 
dM4 rkf ^'i*i wti Itrj^-UyftboLiKd, Th^k^nt; hhnaalLy 
fifi]Hq]itnJ tlifir I'lcuKlcnt kud vifV-prvAldi-nt. 'ilit 
tn^mlATy HNi) tnaminu' licld LLclr iifUmin fiir UA*. 
Tli*ir m^mum ^fr^piii ITOI-Vl*! oiiuiiiiLtii fiOtok In 
4U*. hikt- ibn oLljvr IiihIui^ Frr<n<]j arAdouvflt K 
b'tw fL-rmi pATt <if tbo luBlitihlo, Ihp IlvrtihIuuaB 
Ai^fliuy V/u i]f«tL(ut«r At >ft|d'>« in IT^S, by li» 
uiIiLinttT TimiiiM^i, 1o «'I|j]eUii Uki rinfHi'iit amuilTi«ffitt 
fiiuiid iti HK(ru];iiiiniiii, Pi>iii|H^i. &c. TJjvir UUiuri 
Lja\(' a|i]ifflUT(l, lujicci l7Ti, utnl-r ih" VUK' ^AJifAifdii. 
K'*<ttint', I. Fur tl^c iiuirri'Vtiiiitiitbf ^i*iF;iirji7f. Tbp 

ti%* fojiud in ISi'S, ami (u*t allf*tl«! »it<fitWtii hy 
iu ittlni-lK t«t Tnun It* finiirL|titf mnnt fi-iiih;A4 m 
liATlri^ fiini]illHl im oiPi-llrnt Hkll*'niLry. mirl t>nu4 
nith caic iL-vrrnl ^1 thi.' lUiLJcra imjuLs uf Italy- TTic 
JcadJtnit /W"ri"», /-iRttJ ifi lOiJP, "him tlttu a 

Crivalc «HD4^iAtioii - ait r<ari uEIvf. it wiu iwwd by 
Ui^uliau to ihdtlijfuityof ivh h^actuEty of tlia V^v*** 
Ijinhfiit^, ifTftinrnAr, pivtry, Ami ^Inijiiaiior^ Tbf 
nuiuEK^r (if [ittnab«ni wu (!ii>J nt 4f>. iltlij fyoia tboB 
a UiJtL'loi luul a *;Iibijit1Iui wcni tlft:trj i:vc«y Im 
luimlJia, niid 4 firtrlAty fcir l!(u, BdH}d4 inaay 
oihvr lAlnablu w^'fLi, it bvr puUlubr^l a liictiiDAafy 
i-f tF» FivpkIi Langiip^ ^firvl #d. tUUJl. At 11^ 
ilriil ihr- 1ink<» n( Wal^^iia fo[jn<1n4 an a^ftilcn^ 
fi>r the tmiq^ivcmpDt ct the k^paijlUi laii^a^s^ In 
1711, H'hiJi iUc kiiitf rjidu«(-d witZi variuua iint]- 
Icfv«. It bw Jonv iikuch intruda puii^Jif; MiJ prv^ 
faninf thfl lujt^jn|;i>, «i)K(iAJ]y |jy ibn c>4apjla(v>n 
fif a riirtiiMiary lit iVtur^-Pk^rj; aii wadamy fvt lln 
LmfrniT-mriii of tlio I^LMJkn langiraffs vu foiiodcd 
fii 1T&\ aiiil unllnl witli Xho AiadctiiV of SdcM^ 
III Stttalrfl. jtlK% M royal acadtmy of '-rifirft w 
iiitlUubod bi iTflft,— MMiy Utvniy H>dflti« <fft 41^ 
t'n^fuiJhfd 0iJr by riamo fmii Aflidambw. 8ash 
vr lb* Knval 4«4rty of r^^tencv* at G&ltinra, 
fmimlnl in 17^0, aul tlw Hikjid ^ciiity of tjenSiin. 
fuumlnl III IC4S. Thb latbtr lodifty. wbirh hia 
Iirac r*^A Mk tbv bnul ol JA ■InUnj' ^uatituUoq^ 
in liivjit l3riiBi«, and been ijevUbij vm b* ««• 
nf lli<< mnA lUuatrioUt lUDei of whStib ftUWsplff 
<vi Ihvl, hia iT^^Uy (utdHlitiBMl Id th« M- 
VfeDuniftnt 'tf alimmt «V0tv ijiafxtrlam IftKiwb of 
Bcatfm atid art. aiwl (njliliHluiln Ljinlrr ll» till* of 
i'UfsAinhtcnl T^'onjnrfHmf, aa JniinmH Hria uf 
voIuMB, sniifhtJ vhUi (b» moit TaluaUo — tfTrV 
bfludlnf th« brUliafit and tcnanuoJ dUewcDA nl 




ACADIA— AOOENT. 



17 



l-<^ 



nnd^ It tjiie lo ilm Hi,ytl Sn^iitlf of Itiib- 
nubUibod Id 17^1. far th* pnnnin^nin-'jit of 

fDtmJed in 1T$3 ; IIk Utaffvr ud rhilwi- 

Thatu-htHl unlrin uf fAinUn, farnLjccUmmilu' tn 
of noUani ftOblHiitltv nf nn. wvi Chn ^ilpniltj' 

]Io"«if<r, iivEthei Uiu uur Lbi^ L^udrty uf Hiui 
4BtJtblkhi>d At yicrani'* m 1 300, ln^ni ttc nflnw 

AI EdBD In ]£V3 ^ly FrcL Znuchen^ tirrt ohCAJn^cl u 
HTtiM rJuinirt«r in i;i5, Thn Afwicmyflf PftmUni.' 
«l FWi# ru tMUtiJIflliccJ Eiy LouliXn'.hi iGtJ.iuLil 
thfl Audemjr vt AxfJiiWlurt by CulUrt In IflTlr 
T^as* V* now iiicIuilDil m the Zntikn^initt Sea'ix- 
dCtfA Aitjid^ibkellMiithar FrtndhnaliriitnlncivltDii^*, 

jf RoeUt], fiiiinrlF^I in lnB4. wiu rftTiiudi'lInd jlihI 
nO^tnJ b fi»ti jiu^uIk III \1M. liml uF I>rr3ijirri. 
MtaiUlatj?0 ill Idl^T, W4* uiiibpil witli Ui'tFic i>f LiT[|ifijo 
■■d Mb w—i* in iJdl, ami liv vtlH tLio rtrna pvi^n it 

1^ Jovph T, rnniJ dutnpltl/tif hy l/tttr[4-« VI. in 17^^; 
Ibat of MuDidb vu oBt»btkheil la irjO; tUt "F 
DUbkI Jl'i f , louitilvd iu 1 707. Iiw thp luinoiit uf Lnvinu 

El ropulatLcu. Wwrnnr, r«»el, Frankf^nl, Bonit, 
Id ni»t !■* rmitlvil in iJiia <')ki}ir4srail^i>i], Tlw 
Afwlrmy M V%.\x%tiJi^ *t MiuVifl hoA its i»rij^ lu 
KSi Tht K«y*l Aci.Iunuy uf Aru in J^ndr'n wwi 
louivktl lu J3Ch^, uiuIwLljv nMvnaifi: aaij vncuango- 
BODt of ^'corffK 111., "For w pnri'OKof culUvkUitif 
■ftd fospmrinif tbo *ita «f poutiQi;. Hulijtuifi. and 
MihilfcittTft " llu niuDbap of b^JuJcimi^iEin* %u 
fld|lwi1hr thlrty-«iT, \m\ In HHO wu n>Ui^<l V> forty, 
■I vUn ft sul] rdjiuitkH. There &rv klun tWHiiiy 
," Imm *hiJJu ftlutiu the N'mirtmiciMu on 
Tbfn ara foar profnaurv, kIju ilcUvcr 
rWpMJtlvalf on pftEntJni*, Muljilun?, uvhitcu- 
Attd pwip<0t1v»t Uid wliv kjo a^'oduiuicEuiBH 
* pwlwfir si ADHtmny Any {■fi^'ML vjhn 
[nJliailDTiB of talxnt uukj lit jultniLLfit ah jl 

■aIIj bHtomd vu LUrritL>jiuui ttuilcuU. Tlja 
~ «BddU(ian«f lLDAiwJGinvi»»(>l>cn (o&lE utipU 
^0«» «io*ki abow >iilti<.^e]iE invrit. Thv Knyal 
flODCtiRh Aadrmj of Funtini;, -Sniiiptii]y<. nnd Aivhh 
laElaiV WM fcmride! in IfiTlH m tV mrulf^l of th-- 
Ikiy*l Atwkiiij of Luiidju, li nu ificurjioiiiud lu 
lUI^HiiJ Cp«ttj*t« ni Uuity^auLulDiuU'ianJi and t-vcuby 
■■wnlal^, lilt brvEbm FcniUa nio^i] « npink»l bub 
hwidaii AitBfDl'C U found » pnhLin "AE-oduny nf 
Ana* la Olif^w, fully h>df a cpiiTury t'f'krp. At 
BraaiAi.Amtt«rdniiLADtvrtrir, theri}[irti]^«im^1»hi>^ 

^■■7 of Ibc line Orli. fuuadrd hy Couut Tisniri, 
173$ raiu }im nlkUd nt Co^tgnliiHran, but lU 
I t-TinfairrH! LIT! i! m irffJ. TttJa&cid^mT 
•■■naifiil ui JJiiEhirbuit mtfneni^. 1'hp juK<FFTnT 
Frtfaban vm lourulnl in 17^7- uiil catfndtil In 
L7t4 IlBlfiflimceliJBttakviiixiK iliL^cn^e a;id ^abvr- 
|3)A KuMiau uCuLi luu Wit la-tcly ti:^ 
roraebuolH <jf musicj hm d>/iwrqf^. 
ACJUltJk, <T Kr j(^<iifu, thv hrtne fj>rn>crly ^wn 
Iho fTMt poninflnla i-if Xonh Annrin Ihnt ia 
iioia Uw (onUiMnC by cht Gulf ut St. 




LavTenw, Kod vhloh now Domprf*** lb* Urilikli 
foloi^M of J0*i» Brauviok Hod PJovn pAfoUft, lf:^jatbir 
wilh pArtiarm rf T<uwi>r Canndft uvl MaJc& It 
ixrri^rd iL> flrvt If iduLiiitts ffirfa Fnacv in 1^04.l>«hJir 
II.. , .» |'..-*<«ioii 4( thiif o^flntfy^ but it p«i4od to 

iirik'^u III iriu. 

iriU]ici]ixtali>EU>'i»^n«, [^inviiifiiig i»f hpirhni^imiiB pl^tnl* 
(IT ahnitiii, fr>nnd dlil^fly within tlin tTik]iif-j(^ vhit* 
tiaBV MTB Ti-rr aidi]xu>il. uid ofU^n fonn n kryr pvt 
vf VI0 vrcdy lu]jrb*ic«. Tbc l[cdup JrTrtujAiia, iLc lypo 
«f ttw OtOoTi ia & TdtiTQ uf uibDj parts o( ibo aoutli 
of ICmvfa; uid po—aaci <:(iDuklbrtbb iatoul in tbo 
hitlDiT of art. it lh udd ta bitVii atv8**tad ti> Cni- 
ItrnMhiwibnldMoorthrCoriutHancflL^KaL ThabMt- 
kitovu fippcica of iho ucnukio AnuUia. or Siwiaur- 
■iiua, 0* Uii?v v Btv luiTOEElr oallfxt an «t - nu/lUt ami 
,1 , tpinatnM. TTiD Itmaer W a atum about two fact 
biifh^ «iimLiTtd«l iu ita bwur bnlf witti Eivgu, Hoft. 
■hininif, ha»y< and dw^ly iiiiL>ml«l lrav«^ ntuj 
mvr.'jTil from tho Jnlitdln t^ ibf Inp ^Hlh In;^ whllo 
lluHiin ttiL^jnl AJlb yellow^ UXo uimC |iLiaU uf UiO 
unlijf, it* knva nui luut* abuuml in mLivibicfe. Tbe 
Uttc; apcciLS, A. rpmatui. cliffor* fnat ibo f^'nucr in 
bAvint; a lIwatEvt i1«ni, myoiy md mnra cf««]Uy in- 
itmli'ii Inavn, And Hnic?i-<i tuigoit xrith |diik iiml'iuf 
i>f yr'llnw , ll"itli *[icr?irH iww [VTrnnlftL aw prnpngntcd 
by ilividiuj^ Lliu tuuiLuIt uf tin: muL, AOd htiVB luug 
bcEii tuUiv^-vWl fvrr iinanijieiit iu ihii iiaripAa uf Grcab 
KriUin. Thny mv t.-tAy liAlf-hAniv, And mjuim to 
kiin ptnlwU^ from ■t^vorv frc4t«. 

ArMtTi/H^ fr Lfm IfKyr*, x WHtpnrl tuwn in 
MoKldio, In Iho itotc of Giiemron «» the I'lidfle 
OiMuui. It in tLidilfcti^iitly built, <:uupii>li]^; of bnuaes 
fvhiobi owi»j£ Uj Uia freijUflncy of cmilLEiiutkn, Are 
nUlolD imJmd mora tbui **no ti^ry aXxivs xhr> gTL^iinil' 
floor, DhTLd hof amoiit ttnlieAlthv ai1$, vhiah inbjectB 
U to ooutCont niTRg^ of y^^^^w' icvt^r imii oholrFv. 
Th** hftrbniip, anrmandKl ftn tliEMiiildeabyuinunlAin^ 
Hid dtlmdcd At it« tut^AUi:!? fmiu Hia nutlet 'd ihtr 
ifjuku iy tLt inlMid uf HofjuctAr in cuo of tba boat iD 
tlio PuL-kAtv It 14 4*pAciau4 fFotfngt to Donteui k 
faundruJ aEupa of tb« Mae, iwraplftaly fbcltcrvd from 
tlnnim. and ■i4 i3^ thftt hpuvily ladpn VHaela lie 
close 19 tbo sborY. A luul funnfiiy n pi>b^nmb]e 
tnhld, bijt Hia M7|Huutii]ii Lif Miixico fruiu ^jAJn, dvJt 
vu-j eutluiuiJ«a, iJid peH(ilfln« have Alcuoot Hmi- 
Lilatod ila 0oianHin>4<. Jl« ffrwto"! [minponty waj a* 
the tiuiu wlicu El auToydd tuo tniSc of the colebtalod 
MuLiiLIk ^lleuni. ifH ivpiilaUur^, udot I^GOO, ifl nuw 
aliout tUMilt. 

AvARSATilAv tUc moAt vt^UiEj poTlioa of Afldout 
(trmuc, luuiidcd £. Ly -lltolW X. by Ejilrot, alJ 
^', And S^ hy tbu IniuAn iv.-a. T^o AoajDaniaii-i 
wvTA LwEiInd tUu oLhtfr Givolt^ ia nvibtation. bviny 
nirb' ATirt furlifiniHB ■'T*ti ha l:itj» jv< lllw FelopiiiinBBiflTi 
v\z. nTnl llvine by robbftiy And [liracy The Ginnlry 
b ULUuiitAliioup Olid otivcTT*! ^itb it-i-mi*. but i;ontjMi»i 
tuinj fertile ^Alleya, ToyL'llur witli .EVilia, it now 
ineiait a nnmwobj o£ tbo biuifdulii of Uiwos, ^tilli n 

Art^RVT. 11»fiopnm"n™ oF ncoanfoii ayllalJna in 
?peet!lL in onu rosult of tfie phyiiial cimditiiitw uf 
buiUAU uUi^nuK-v. Wvj-^b <if UHkro Uiau (jiw ifyllablu 
iuvcuCLc 4rf tbciu i]iat^uhi>iali td by occtnt. ih4 iho lint 
of tba w<>fd ttaul^, ilhJ Lb* ■uuuikd of Iho word 
fifeatt- No ).'*htrA] mli* nm b« (pvi'ii fur thii |»- 
■iTlr^n oE tlir^ Vfeiit, xiui It nLRVbiiiFi from nnii fhylFAltlo 
to aitcithi^r, lu it tu titmt in uiiLuy vorda niiK't T^iiaik.' 

tpltMK WruU^ TbuB ViJKtt, ifllfOf/, ^r'VUfd, J'^Ji^UFIL, 

comut tfu*iJe<^ *ort«r«, wbiob lufc'o Bow nJl ibo 
coocmt CO Iha fimt flyUabiv, fonnorly hnd it on tbo 
HMpd. A ofintrnnniii flow vf wiirda in HrTLaattd 
rliviourv ahiint b* vtMnU witbnut tha nfwiiiTBiin of 
accented wUftUa; ibtry are fcwtr, Uowuvet, In dwu» 

a 



18 



ACCSPTASr'JB— ACCOLADE. 



bet thut ihti Qbimntot! «ythhla*. Tin dkluuAiaa 

miiiil bn mni^ ^^rmilitni o\ vrhf«< that i« rajmhln nt 
IhIiijX ihintlwj b onhal or ■coiiitiai^ tiuitfiucrT, 

rilgr, Mtd I>d£Al^'Ui of Suuiul, lut lIhic u uiilmu 
fekilibi* in Buiibii, En pmctoundni; Ihn wio^l 

nnvmntM] , Ilia nonHltim *t1 mnnrl inrxL prrinrirHiil 
1> the kfnat fcIAJtc lenfl^ of tht tint ijISaMq. I4 
iHUouifwiiiif Ua ftfinl foMJlKitfrt, tlv linl arlUUD ia 
>fiiiBrtiiiLfttll»nnii1 iinwcMlnit The FyUkblf fonrf, 
vAbcIi b mfeOHBlitJ in thfl Enl abinplu, i« tivati^ 
in tlxi •MithH, nlurtA iu bh^tb i* fnmh tiiiirf*iw), 
tjiil vhirli coDfbtiiUfl tbo nudlhle tnrat. In fitr^ 
natudnff Ilia nurd m94pit. Iba ttmb B^llAliD h 
miiiilwJ. tin KcuDit bnof mwsntaL A^-ui» Uiv 
■Dcit u btard am m ku ^rlbhl*. lb tbs wrd 
mf^ liv aaantpd vrUafio ^f k not * Iffa^r «»; 
bat It bigiiK viih ux feteupt loudftflv wlkkita W «IM 
Mftm, a&d vfaloh n dow not lutfn in thn wont 
MwJpA. AcoBnteil i^llalilfi^ Iha, ■» ilv:iiviiiidji:il 

rlwinifit^Tj itn w iuf af fb>ml*bl* Tbn ■ ^rUdib^ 
kViif<b tnni bs Wni t ttt W £ 4fialJ* ef *TMn»iiin, 

ncBivni vulntuiaa, knil lb« kuvni U immnl « Trjni' 

■itBwign iiwn'B tb* Si U t m uonL H Duj » itddeJ 
tW«Hn*i]rlUUM|i»UAftn«»pftU* bat oC ilkfat 
gf rtfl^, M« koonlad b^ » «ontUutta 0I Iha 
~ But ffiiui aronttL Tb* iuuhm Tamponil 
Id tlMncuiib Ibv aoMii* l»tv mUU^ t^ 

irflbMti^pMd to ilHir pWotiv |in|mtfHv ipHk erf 

f«fA<n£ff/ Itan Ifet i lB Wi l 00 the vroM twidnf I* 
tuic^ Oul «n Iha fcrarth •-ylUhlr nf Mimnt^n &■ 
tonlci. Hinl Ihjkt on iCi Ktnrid i^Uible li cuphonft. 
^it cu^mjijt ]■ alMhuv* ^ H^xtijJAry <Jf uLfDiiLiT nmuft 

rif, thn ' or jumlv APMht, «C4DtnnTily »«bH Ijt mvk 
thwEtit in Enflhb; botbi Frvnrti tTirrpU:^1in ihn 
gr«TTi *ckvDt ' ud tk« dnamHeE ^ T}tc yroirh 
■n not eai|A«^ m quii^ bbd aunt waj, 
Abt d« Avt tUaobc Ihn ipAtdr or Im 
vivbagiTn to»*^llftbJi>. bawJHComnafi 
VMvli of out nlliiU* ■« In tnvda al nmv, but 
ba iHit1it(nila1i hotiawn viwfl prtmrk *>^taftlly 
■« bi ^rt. iu, l^t. ill biTtwvBi vurJi oF 
|1 iHAaiii|{ viLli UwBaiiHJ ■timiJ, w uv. iir. vtJ, 
wbcra. Orfnuiia dHfrr wilh rvfTnrJ tu tho iwtKn 
ADdforCfloftlivt.ivcl^ w*iit4»frbii^ Iiki>th4 Fivdrt. 
uvlbtamibv UwcmTv, iiwl tiM mrnnnai Kbtl- 
orinl MMUt «r Tttiphuto !■ tb* gBiMv MtHi AM !■ 
bid Dpaa A wdrI In * iPliiw by fibldh fv««t>r 
pnnnLUXW !■ prvn bj it ihiui tn th* rtv4. lb* 
iMVtkja M iWUifniMHl bj Ui« nJMKm af idcw. 

Joortf m Jfuviir nrrvpnub to H«At in bagiu^, 
biteg tb* «iw or wnfibaHbi laid wn cotaln »tfla 
«e |M« of a tar or mRunm. Hh mi dbM oF a bar 
taitb»«onf«tf ■eoi^it, liiu«mlDT*EV>Dllmilw 
■SvB la i» fin* Dob« of iDbonOMto puta df Iba 
W, « t> tba tUrd, fiMi. Md aofwatfa la k bar ^ 
•f^ wuviA THli Sh caJJtfl cruvulital uoittt. 
OnisrfoU MMM b Ibk «TprHuon «Ub vhLdi m 

^Mbir. 

AccvTTAinrs C£«A An ROcqrtinn b ui ciJh'vr- 
Bnl b> p^ « UQ qf owchangn Moardltiif l« tha tcm« 
<f lb* oiiaplaniii^ iftd a jpunal a«f>taae« i« to 
OaynWBOTH b» ray aognnfiitf to ti» hwnr rf tba blL 
VoM doMKitiiba an aficffdabr* 11, In inuy — iw^ • 



okv «^uMSa« flf l4« : bot Uio ^floctikl K«d« !• for ib« 

b»»f»lvr tie vrt* bu namo on iiDiiia acrutpumnui fort 
nf Uiii liiU, unnjiXkniiul hx ihf vnni wwil'it. In 

Fruos* dvaia* and tbo 0^ Dotuitrln of Bnmpn. 
irbira «!■[ trldeiMft bi Moltowi of omtiMfr b mi oil* 
miMdd Id lbs aaw atlvfil •■ in Bs^^laDd, ■ tvtal 

iHOapUiCfw of a IflU of dicluuDf^ m but valid, 

AccGQUttT. or Arci9i>4f>KT; a p*nian ipiitty nf aa 

or iftef the acl coliimllt^il. ■■ Qf oaUDVld. BlirtHV 
or ouDLvBbuDUl, ^-3. Au iwcaavr A^^rB Ah? /ur< b 
otMJ ^liP prai'urs (te i?oiibhjIi anotliB to coitmtD a 
firioiA llicijgb bo i* not prcant at ila eonucuvian : an 
ttr<cmmtry iijtfr ika/ntt !■ nnn nbri, kimminff a falnny 
ki bat* hm ooauMttvii, cttw tHLitnDFt M any kind 
la tbft fobv ao aa fai liliulcr him trMH bcEug appn^ 
IwmJoA \nvA, ur ■ufTcrmi; immnliuiidtL Iv be ut 
aHca^y brfiHC lb« fact In a ^cmatcr o9^c« ibi^ii to 
ba an inniMaiT aAtr; tb« lonnar DL^y h* irvd and 
pmdabad in all i«*|Wit< h tf fa* nvrv i>m pinnif«l 
Mod. In h1^ trriuor, dll whn pnitHpait nro rv- 
fUibdM (irindpala, Abc1iu;a uid at-wmiiUoci al*i 
oTiM, m •nao uaaivt, vvdcrttia naiM uioti^b tlie 
fr»inv not tlnothr indar tiio bfE^ dafltLititrn ri 
afPwKOiioi An OMttnr 1» om vko fiVBfMna aaotbcr 
10 Mtnmll aa vlhDOo:, anit In muiy. ladaad %0t Abwut 
an cau^ ia niw tfavldvad u nmdi a pVtrM^ Wlb* 
actual (rfhndtf. An aoBDin^oa ia una of maaiy 
l>rnia«a oqaaBj mnooBod ia a UloDj. 

Accinnua (pivfd of oce>^*E«r, Lat. for a bavlit 
ib« nam* dma br Unanua to iba ordw «f bbii 
vhlch ha4 &«n «ll«d byothafi Hofacmn Botlarw, 
and vbiiih iTiduiIa ihiwoMnl* tbatuanJlL^ t^nb 
of Mvy. tif. lIh vikUurva, <:vv^, Moouk biMHb>, AWl 
ntrU liinnwu" aUr indwlttl tb* ebrikfl bk ibb 
oidvr, biit rrrdrrp nalunJials Qiduil* tlicva. Bm 

I>T*ia^ Ia oifn vfaL'U |)tiJi'Jp nm mem acmaUraiDd 
la f^T* full ullifiauoe t<r tlitij fccliuhi, ■""T'TiHr*" 
WT rrfy oamiiKii^ h'hcK.'vi-r n uifta> vf (^■'tdB w 
infiuunopd I9 ana c^Hciqan fcvlib^, IVa Imd, Ibort' 
fnr«, ladlaaialwiu in thantm. wnnin, wxlaoaatwal 
IHMtblgi^ daMbmn, UTriitinK trlmnphf. ^A Amnf 
tho y^ftf Jti iti/meiif Hi/ratHfif,' and fbfbMn/ 
ivcR c-viumud ujclauiAllijiii al uiacTLktfv*, /u TVnaipAc 
at Inmupluk !tc(u, trhir van ai fnnd of raoaw aaof 
blond, ordiirvd i.Oi>0 ■□[dim l» okast ■"*1*T'*1*T r 
wh*'!! lia ivkywl In th* l^s».tn>, tind tb* ajiaolobw 
Wfipp L-kh»llaT»I v> j-un Ui<iT> In tin" (vmqil prflM ** 
lliL' l^jiiUUi vEjJ^Jft: tht (Jul'lnii luid faiuur^Usof Lbo 
piti|pr:n7i« wu? ju.vivci1 ^idi U'ud ih-^clumttluu. ha ibe 
I'l-Dtiib (iflpcfor *nu ipTctoi wjtli IVi* ffrnpftn^/ 
aikd tlin Franah bin^ witli T^rr Jp rr*!',' Th< fnTO 

wraraWiTftl wlih ^va^i^fiA^^ f^wMtioh). ntottaf 
■xdamalinia, FLcfurt a ivj^ubir ^y^Uvx vS votfnc ^ 
jbiopl*^!, Tiv fliKriUfflaainipplio], uriouunl] nalioo^ 
by akvLkmalirtna. Bo Tvito* iiiFonn* tf tbat |^ 
GwBMAa ilinvrtd tbair >{Wnha|iDi. of a mowntv by 
flbtabiiu tb«ir abcJiii mm anrmli. TI19 hlabopa^ln 
tba tarij titnai of Cbriiiiuiiij. vm kw^ alactad bgr 
arrlimin if *n fa Ibo cnDvo of lima acdacnalina 
ivarv adinEtt?'! Jatv tha cLorchra, and Um |«opb o- 
praaad thair >m4batl«a of a larourit* |a iaiiim by 
•nbbab^ Oribodnt IbM apo^wr Jto, Ibay 
•SOD 1^ ban Lava aonatlBMa aaad m tato aa tba tga 
nf St- fWrTkitd. Tb« IbM OiaiDUi Hiii a m ci vaf* 
i^udBd by arnibwiliim it a nmtlnjf of tb* p*D|da In 
tb«opMdr< 

AoootAliW f?V. ao oaibraft* fruru Latin, adL to. 
and AtfiTH, tiodtl aiifiuliaa an an?i«it Mnnwmy moJ 
in crniftfrrinf knightluKut Anti^fiahs ara aoA agmd 
wbmln llip afcijlada oomdntnd, Hohh ibtah ^ 



I 



ibtak M H 



AriXiLT I— ACETIC AClV. 



19 



ri^lfla 1^ cmboj or ban ^twn hf th^ ptr^on *Ti'i 
^aalmr^ tb« hcmiv (tf kulifhihixid. n it ra^iR 
|rab4U4 tiuA U ensliMd 1& ma iiaLtatii>u vf ■ ^Ij" 
«a |k« mtk, «r <m 111* <ib«i^ ui^/iny thiti lUi 
■batJd t« tb« 1*M Udv vbicb tbf mv mada kni^fit 
nAoahl *>Mf utn. Tli* mvmoii^ »f tteildnc tiv nmli' 
d*U vith Uw nalud iwrtivt, vhMi aJfearvHil* i»>k 
tlw plan of tli4 bknr wtth ibo huid. bad tlta luijc 
TlTirinJC Tic IkiiUAD luaalrr >l»j u^vo a IpIvv iu 

tiMMfots frvc«U*iln<mm'di(4i,- ■miiuni* c(midd«T 
iMt iBlttfiBri|teof llwihvn|%i<< 'Ric htnw nr k(im1i*< 

«•■ in nr wnm; all C^rtoekn nuinni ol thfi middle 
AQH U ontforrinir fcnighthwd. (jBn CitMfnr<f 

Aooot^n, B«inaiict, la lUtUa h/tryv. hum M 
Att^ ia lUB' He b^wne ChunnllAi □{ th<3 Ra- 
|ablio of FlcimiHi m ^^Si^, nncl wiv ntudi <i»tiin- 

p riAal bjthn lti>f^a«n| >il«ri3y Hn VTAl* * IfftiW 

A fti ftM iiw Vtrvmm rai ^I'i. and aba ■ nfamblr 

U* iUaI m 1409, Thrm varv attsr omjacnl n>c9i 
OKinKted with thfi lumilj (rf Annkiti : in jnrti'iitHr. 

ABtfOBir.OlXdT> iu luuait fPmidi, aftvmiit'/tit- 
MM'- lUlivi, d(«Lijitpa;7ncAtfn'a). in tlmt (iKt nf lui^icj 
vbiak aarTui far tha >q[^>[frt aC tkn priiKq|iid mr^Wj 
t«iil4i4ir obti^THba ptrtt, ThJc <«n )m HtrnTt*'! *ith«T 
by niAS^ ImtranmiU. b^ a Tpv, of cvoh t>y « iln^k 
oat, wo bvw, ilifinforfi* pU^od of DKiiic wiih ati 
iVBiQipBaiual fwHTO^briailrCiir anii^P innbru' 

BMBl> 11>0 pEIB^lH OB wUflh thfl V^KB of Lhr 

fcaaawpiTiiiuint nala on h Httlo vvbtiofL. ib&t ^u 
fvnAOAlKiTi it piirhap* m.int iJlAnlt Khtm oT*n tb*t 
o! the TiLtJcvfy <^T riiini^lpikl pub l^nquaotly \bt 
mammai/iai llv>u;flil> attucdliitr Ia iho dimnoUr uf 
Ifei aonuiiuiiiiwvi, wihltiMH a ir>vl *^ bad oQwt. 
■tikiiiit <H]r Mj>j; tifie to clve a lAli^f Mlufy rcAMoi 

flTJanPW tho lOMt httipuEfiiio hluiiy, and <4 th* 
rOaauHT tha g:Mt«t am uul dn^i^uy The iLnnm- 
^panbuBl of Tmriaiumb Inntnimnitpv, f% thn vinhn, 

M wnd nqgln crM knowJot;!; uul sViU. A* 
ilbv oUoci 4f envy nia>Li.'kl ucooinr^Baimenb e« bu 

oppT«i*lt- Of ill minprwMX Mnaut, 
. Id nopcct io tbo lunoinpAEilmciiid^ cIuLidd tlit 
pjAA (tit tbo iluipliFitT ATuI tictvutv n'LlL tvliiuL 
inBftlptflB*Aa the liWlin^- iLnd ai>iL'<iinp\jiy]ii^ p^Ha, 
hi* ubbtjJIaI kaifwlvdt^e vid dXc^lviit luoa 
;of UiKpurla^iriwiiTTi&'Hiniiiial InBtnTirteiit. 
AccD^rx FflJUKts.ai] IlaUuilanTi?rwhoi<GniipTii1 
riaiiii>u* bv kif "fcriwtujJ Cuiitiai^ulArj." m 
"(JnAl Uttii**." iu iUujtntioa of ttie cimIc. t^is loiti- 
lubta, tmd Uiit lUmila^ l*fau beet aclHion uf hiri «i] 
ImImb u lUit of l'rr>]U. 1i^^T> rl ToW f^iLo. Hd wu 
:bwn IB Fkwnfw in UVA nnri iTkfvl in ^'I'Jii. Hu 
POD, ■!» kd cmlnpDt lai^^rr. <!unc to Eni^'luid and 
■owl kiGujiA -tf Oxfiml. but kulia?<iiicjLtlv ili«t Ul 
ISBI. 
tfrrtMUlnF (fa<4<A tlt« t Jitin fd, b>, and nuufiri, to 
I): an BMrrtiAn impiiCing t^ vmi* p(-nu>ii a mm* 
'•r B flMill ' In Ijiv, n fnrtnnl HpnTarjlij^ rhar^nf 
ffHne pctixm vUh ufi h'l JiUeujEjaIiIo by a ludii^Jiil hD' 
texo. Id Bddeiil Kiiuh--h vilrin-' Lbcrc weu nu |iulfLk' 
pit tutor, Qmy om* aim jHtiniticd |u prcrh^uLu 
«f * poblk> OjLlniin. Tl]trvr»3r4 ^cciimti^Mu 
■4UB tooll plSM fffUnst IDnncoat |>«i«niiB, i-T' 

ft nAnfunl U VMM nrit cnafiitr^rfvl at all dim-pput^ 
•Ufli ta 1)* arciuihl, OaVi in *aud lo liav« bocn ii^ 
c m J 41 timn, «i>d a* uflrni nTsoEvcd, At AthsBi, 
U na MOMCf bad aof tbo fifth pait oi tbc vd^cb on 



.iiwwp'"w*r Wirt 



Ihndsb 



mimtt 



lib atdv, h« wnv ahllj-Kl in p&j a fln« al a [JiouiBiid 
dndmuh ^lidiliKii, who Booiued ClnlpbaQ, ma 
onudfraikni lo Mr iLii tiuo. At Il«a« * U*c ai> 
iMiKT WH UwHlcd ttith llw loMor JF on bi> CarebrAd 

[nK<[ fur C, L«- fdJuiMiuaasr). 'Dh bcvomt wv alpi 
TntAbafd t4 tirowal lua oDrmplnig Uh ioi^;*« fd- tba 
»]i(L«Bfl& Ul England tbn In tnrtcUT no ptitile 
pniBoutor. ttkaaifh the B»oriU7it'auiBf npsciimoft 

a«utii« Ulu tiil'ive an tUr uaaa uf ^LjU^aJ uiiua or 
L?r!uu» *A % f DTT {jtuuLf( oUinrtor- AcciiHitEOnn nv 
iMMUffiim^ly Uifl ti> ptjviu pajti**. nurl in Ihi* w*)r 
uatiy miTii« nr- Ink rutirfly iiripuni-hn1 Id .Snnl- 
Umft, OB tbe otbar band, (^ ]ord-aifvr.-avt€t and itw 
|in>oiDrM««4boal ic( M HbHc prwnj uturL 

AciUMtMji tHob, Svtat-dfmv. fidd uf Uo«l); ibo 
fistd puivbitocd vith ihd tliirty triACCA cf ^rcr trkidb 
Jiulu nxHiivoL] liJt b*(nivmE l-hriHt- It l< vn th* 
utulhiiiHi' nf Ihr ^nllnTfpJ Hinrantn, LippfifltP Ui Vfn>nt 
Sinn. Euiii tboDfh onu ]>£irtJy IncJoxil. bu nav 
ijoUaiik; Ur imrL !(a utv u^oci*t tba ruiu of » buiidluij 
lujji; uacd u a iJdriul-lLutni:, 

Amia4» B tAwn in 8<»iib Italjr, prntinrv of Oat- 
iTlB V milni nnTih-Tiut nt \afiln, mlh vljii^h It la 
(MinixTUd Liy nkUua^. It k iba lo: if a tuidiop, a^d 

■il(lACJ(>J| jj MUy UllbcWtllXt bill illK LULIDby UciUiLiI 

i«(vrtil«> Pop- lO.Kl. 

A<iicrxN l''flll|«'),), * <irtonTlr4B |ii|tti4 nf a^froo- 
at»1e taAf iLod ndoEir. It l» nvlllf iclnMe Inaloohol 
DjiJ cCher, uul Mt mmi utcrnt alu In mhlor. It vm 
tin% vbtBuml ia l»a ly nihUtrJur. at imacif tba 
pnuJucfla of tha aotuA r»f hir upnn iJmLol vapoST ia 
p r — aoB flf pbtioum bUi^. li bv boao flaoa ptv 
parad faf othar nxiriitticin lutthikdp fpoci dcohal, and 
IlkeWiM ^ihAlul] J tTOua aTdifljyilo iq.r.^ 

Ac'n'aTu;cinf>pirbiidA. muaUj cmtBlliaMp, fonp- 
at hy Llw nvb-Uuii <ir o^y^a nd^ wilL EintUls, OHitalllo 
niid»«kitiful-uik«bei^aicohc1 nHl]d«at orsaule baaoa, 
Aft. Anialo of aolaailiim ia found m ttio Ju{«« «f 
r^rtalD planl*. but uwal of bb* a»taMc. of vhloh tba 
Mfi]Tit«r k vary I^rgOi ann tarioi-d ikPtLlici&EJjr. Tba 
nDTUial Ditnpaimtli an Huluble in valur (Hfirtfnl alBA 
in >lool»[), bob Ibe biac BDrtato lnodh «b raRLgri^ 
arc IB gntiBl Bpariaglj adbUc '^^hm ll» y iUIBb 
4wlaM« are haated lo Mucb, thoj deoovpoH, Ibfr 
prwjucta vB»iO[j KjiLt]it«<^I]tH«f OL^iataa; tho pioiaJ 
int UT\ aaotirlncvrvlKiTut?, tnU lOTiuitlnuH tlvnidvr- 
Lifm ti> ih*> mi^caUic Hlale is ocicnfilFt' Thrj xm hIhi 
Ji^njiDpofiol by btrvng miuerBl acblh. Hh? aevtatta 
i^f L-'niiurr.'jol urmuLufactufag bnpoTtBOOtare thcae 
uf idunjixuuui ud iron. vUoa aea vaad £b oaBao- 
priiiLiug; vf evpptiT, whicb aa ntdi^Tia ii i^Kl u 4 
■vilniir; and nt lAiri, ImA ktinvvn av riipir nf l^ad' 
Tbf acrUM ot potaoluiii. ndlvin, and ammnniDOi, 
L.if iji>n, kftji*.', &ud ]?afll, Aud (be ^i^vtatc uf aiuiphli^ 
hET eoi^lujcd lb Ukcdivint. 

Atxriii Acio |t\ll,0,); lLiji,*hiJi *a* prol-aMy 
tJi" niilj *ciil biMwn n* •iir'h i-t llw* jinc^rril", i- lumid 
m hmall '^iiuitity lk^T^ m ptJintn ami in juiJlujilfl. It 
ii pn'pnrud. bo^roTcr. on tlu' Iatk'." w-fc]*% tiUier fnmi 
imiulufiiEO ur aU*>llutk> luliBCiuiiUh PLU'b A* ninlt| it 
Ikci. ur viiiQ, ur by ibu ilE'ilrui'tivti -lit till ^vti*^ <pf 
tukT-l wuf^'t aui^h AH oak. It \a ai'O^'rdiitL'ly kih^^^L 
IM loftll and tip* vinnffu-, <tt huvI tinr'tfai, Ou luimi 
pjfnlJiriiroLiK onid tiftljif hkM lnilr^noto uennrilEinH 
duot vf tin; ilifilillBLluiL When qiute fiw? n«& 
nulor. u itbui ubUkiuod b; jjftiTl?'^' blaaajtalo of 
[wUi*rium Edonc, tyr by cJflDCOpaidBg kjl UDltatu with 
ih* aci'jt Liikuiitit oF kuIpbuTii; »t-id, it fta«i", nA tbw 
rtrdinnry |i*rTJjinnliirtf, LmuHpcmnt rrjiil4)i, uul ibo 
add Ii thru raltc-l trio'idJ, Ilx ifwrlnc (jnvity b 
I'OOSfi- By lucrr^ae cif Umipcniuro 11 mclu k^J 
Gmlljr boUa, Dnuliiai: m vaiiuut vbidi » iuAaiLiOKdifc. 
ti haa a lory aimr taatc and pUDREBt ancl], amltaad 



so 



ach^aus-achkhos. 



fell uoptrl^ne, and Ibo utjitun rttniitt ilic t«ut« cuiJ 
■niJll «t UM ihlBulut« bwl- Th« mIttu^a* uo uKLr- 

wUiA pr*T«nt Ihti •pid&r fnvll}^ bda^ nnploy?it im 
ft rvffly iDHiui of HcvTUlnliii; ihu mouuuL vf ivaI 
■oid piORiit in u ih|Uout ^-kiUiu, 

Aeolb ftoiJ ■■ Ijk'pil;' i'<iiuuiud| in tlia iLrb*i in 
tti«di«iiivt and ftt duiuwiia puqiDBM, twiiLjz tiwd u a 
«fl|¥pnl frtr mitUliL niwl r.hrir nnrnpoimrii. tnr fiUn*» 
MKm^ iflk, £<?.. Ad lUi antidote lor cctIaJii puWnn. 
ftiid Vfiu III i^ii<"|4FiEitiEii; tlii-m-LiiJi: |i¥EirIij{iifoLj* 
Hcidjii^irp^r[<xtiiivciCuui:4*eBtobLc tiLizGKQLiu3u:Ld' 

Wkbl u %Mu;d]y luld At niwnr anntaina on ita 
»vtnp> i iwr ivptr «f th* abferiluta adif, txiC it Ii 
«ruqi di^hH with wlniiring mACt^i^ t^tv^ nrl oUia* 
JbnOiEik maUrlKlfl. 

Acjijun icir. j4iL-Aii«f/. Idd. Jchtfii, Ch« nuns 
of opa of tliF tf.iur neca into irbi^fi Lhfl IltUfllm or 
■UHBtilCintfka VfdroJjvidi-i* TKcr^lurivAJ th«[riuiao 
birl nrtifdi, ai!E»iiiing ti thv tmlltlcm. f»in Aq1iidu>- 

BtUhlHU of li^pn. Ju tliv culicbt timet thty EuwJ 
uulr tilusf Kiitd ia TbMnuly aol lbs ralu|iotUK»ui, 
MpeeUU^ Arg»4 aiiJ LA<TdMiiuciii; bud altbuuLrlj the 

mniJ tTiiit ihtfy mlgiaUd or vntv* dnvnti fmtn it itiV> 
tli« rflo|XPiincaiL AourdJii^ tu tluLi^ir ikry Mtim 
tbft (D0<4 povtrfoJ rMO of Utwt jit E.]ic tiui< uf liw 
TkoJftD «K, in whieh Ibtf pkyod mi UiiiiottaEat luH; 
aad luia ihuiJ iuudb for (hv Cftv«Iu in t^nanl ui 
AirhiKUik- F*t!i-k[hmiiMiiH ih pjui rm,\U"\ t\y him tin 
"AolinU land." aod Amiwi^imca Ihc vhole of tVrrccc 
biodMlffJiatnl- Uji ihivirjLi^uutvl Ujc ivfojioi^iji^iua 
Irr Ifaa DniaiUj aavvcui wliicU u AHjf{i»?J ki ILDI 
a.fl.» cpTflfliW 7«an afltf th* IVojan war, thv AehiKmii 
w<driv«ifraQ UmAtoU abodw or ndiMtd to o^m- 
pl«|4 fliibtccttai by Ibo WDiruwra. Many of tticrn 
rviimi ta AaLa IdSnoTp wZilb a imn cif ihaia (ouk 
fjtf— uwiuu of blid tlitUivt EjDJiwfutlJt iaIIikJ Auluia 
(f.n.i. i& tiw uatb of tiav Paloponaaiui, diimjf vut 
u« lanina «Im dvriJt tbtfv u Ibtf thanuelTat bad 
bHQ ^r«c «at Thay pMtDiHrl twain cMh In 
Atha^, vhldi. tboueh auli ifiiii'jH-ii-I^iTti of th* Mbv, 
von imlUd lb* Hit irf folnnti'tii i>r ImttfiMb; Mrtain 
Ofouuiiui fvLiraU ^ud mu:rJAnn. During lL* brUUant 
penoJ of Clrtth tiiibcirj th< AcUmA* «lv MlJom 
Dtaril of, and it id onlj ahvr tb* iadwondonn of 
Gff«a* had l)««n aln«l vrulud out by xfao aaorouL 
1!Unti«f BdkiOKlotiU, IbM EhqT»DielDE« |mfiidb«ifv 
Utfouih tha moiriJ H lh« AehJiwi lati;ut, uiit lU 
«abrti ki adiinr* Um fivvJacB vf Orv-no. Al Ami 
lb« bvuo WB» omflasd to « f«v AahsiB ctlM. but 
aaitr lb« laadmUp d Aittw (q,r.) maa; oth'^n 
jotnadU-aikf tluaUj.uiKkTlTJIopamn) r^^ljt In- 
CiUkM Ilia vhola oilha pii]apann«|j& !%■ EiEMChcu 
Ivil nan pM ihcdr irnTi "n flncoi, bnw*vpr» aiid 
Ihoosb Ihv Iwu* for a tiinn ui«dt a f^iiit »ijtful 
■sdnM tbih ai^ucH* It wan ^iMldallr «Wni 'A lU 
liliifiT. lAd at Lbt d^-ftroyi<l t^j iLe lAtlU vf 

AcilAM ; pmpfriir a nanrkw BtHii t4 lanrj on llw 
Octfanhlac Gulf, lyioii owl aail hbI aJouu Uie durib 
iU« «f ]Nilo|uaueiii* is llrHUf, Et ia UcUif hy 
tba DHlbara mDUbtaii] ruit^ d AjobJiil and tmmuU 
of plWia *m Ih* CDHi or v^If*^ Ivln^ti Ui* taouti' 
ttmalltU ifiH iJv minlrj U la watrmi Iiy mody 
ibarlMnuDi. Afur Ufwca l>«auic mti]n^ to llcmc. 
Jt^all W thi lUBt fJvM trj a tludjiu [>iu«lnta 
vUoh j m m la hw« jk1wI«J ilic *hi>lo c( Uri^n 
Mevpl Thaiialy. An-mkiti^^ ami .^tidiL ,\chaia 
Hipar, Vilh Mu. nnw faniH a i»oi]ijitvii)r of th* 
uD^om (if Oft«tT, hattn^ a pop, of llV|Ai(] m IVTI- 



ACQADJi, FiuirciB CuAiiLnv bofn at iWllii, 

:IJ4» IT^I, an fBiLncLt UAluichLiM ubJ vhcmbtt f«tauf' 
p4]lf liTjuwii by hi* iovriktivn itt IbUO of a pn>«iaa 
W iuuiLif[u-iiirLnjf*a(arrtm IajIh. sblchiuprw Uiait 
liifiD W InrriEL li/vufltfrloifivaUjrpKrfacUnn Hn wai" 
dirimb^fr lif llri! dBpAfimvnt nt pIij-Bii* iu tlio R(}>a| 
Avd'iQT of ^onrv* at DcrJin. To tuohlc hiiu to 
anloai hi* manufacl^ure, thu urvut iiii]iurtaiiaD ui 
wldcb w aolijLovleJ^cDd by tiia Fmuh livtitutif 
{Julyn UOO), th» Kinff iif PniiDUJi TuxaHniHl hlni with 
an ivLalff at Kunmi Id aOmua. wberv bbvtaUM^ 
DHoL at thfl (imv of tl» olodnK *^ ^ P*)*** <f Bv* 
ro^ Dj the doom of DotUd, wac attended niiA mUh 
■uo c aaa, tlut la Iha wiulvot 1611 ix ••lolly viddad 
aou ponnrla ol iynip Aoliart ronntirird wiih it i& 
lA)^ an initituEJnn fcir thr |>iirpnMriir fadiEitif hia 
mode of numufacturr. wlikb attrKt^^L tbo atl? iitluB 
of furnj;iLVi!i. lie died at Kauain. April ^iO, 1631. 
Boiudca avutubviaf tivatlMauii |jli^ilcaBod atfrinl 
%vr9, ho pubiiahvd MVoal artidea Ob Utv (DiuLulactnn 
<il tvgfv from Iwoti- 

ACHATK^: th" rnmiinninTi nf ^^Jlimy* and hij nuM 
fallliful friend. tvkliAM.'O b; VlrjiJ. 

AcnuK^. Ai^UELf. VI AcHr:i. a, umihe Mate Ib 
tlic uurtlicml of Muiiuktra, *4b &D an* ^xoT^htig %o 
Mr. L'rtiwfiirJ o£ ^^ili* H]urLni mili«, lUnJ i pipulnltoa 
ol alx>ut 4^1llrl^ Tilt- utati' n how ivinlijiHl lo tb* 
umall vall«y In whuih thu j-hM towri Adimi It ahi» 
atoJ. but U ^bi TuriLcrl) imivii lacrv vxhBB^''«w Ift 
iLc lillhli and I "lb miitufiei A^bocu wa» tbc chi^ 
pvinuiETviikl iiijt|h]rtuiu iu tbo w-at cf tbr luduui Ar 
cbiptflflgii. Ill M^nrniciui U'stv kUv to miiD flHta d 
AOO vtn^k maminl l>y tit^.CPlMi innn, arirl nudpitnok 
lo many Kan kod t]i|ir?Iltii>n£ u to cibaml tbe iv* 
xjtin.Ti of tbc i^uuTLLry, Thv cuijitijcn-u b now tociai* 
■iJcraUc) and iLt ca|iilaL u plncci>f lilllif iuipcxtaBec. 
TKd chinE [■fqdiit'taDiui an brt«]iiu(ii^ hiraa'-natfi^ 
psplXTTp carn|»bnr. bijiiiiouj,, Dold-daal, iulplu3r» ft^ 
'Vhf Achcvarvi-u^ktoutor, talW,flinddarkar<oaLoiuvd 
thtri ibi' oihot iwufile i^f the blLnd, uid TAora Ifidni- 
vJnuH ULii inUUignriL, Thn rvliiriiiu i« MubamnadBiL 

ACIULOCA) turn ivlfn! AMi'>HinT4Uri, Lho lancat 
riirair d Gnvc^ lu^ lin «our« <<tl Mount I*Libd«i^ 
Aowi tlwoUf h ttio Unt a^tUcoienlj of iho Giotiaaa 
UTiiind IhwniiK ami after >i^[imljii|; .4^Up|Sa Fivini 
At^amank, failii iitbj Lht ItXjinn Siul— HmjikI nlli 
A. tlm luu i>f Onwiiin and TIit-m, Othcir^ mj dil- 
ferenlK' Ho viwtlrd with Tlcrrul?* f »f Dcjaali^ 
had vbcQ thrown to ih'' ;^''>^ifid, aHunivd tha «Lapa 
of a (nnbia nBrporil, ihvn thai cf ui v<i, and aflW 
ITttvnir* tiMl Wikrn i^tl' 'iiin <ir bin hikFM, bo fM 
luliutitKJ li> Till HAtrnir friini llm timkrn honv fth 
nJi). thd nyiniiliii iiubln Uin Ijnm of ptnni;. 

Oct, ^JO, M:V. t-tmi t^AVL'b ihaiinct cbaiaolar lo ^ 
Him» of *latfaLii^. lin ituitLd] in J«*^ iUk^aad 
lAiwir 111 ] 74''^ }iA hvitUd It MiiFimm, And laMond 
mi JiiatorT, t}iit Inw i>f njitum junl (f^natl'm^ ■*! 
hftrruajOn [Un> ou BtiiUtiiT^ lu 174^ ho waa ap- 
puliitnt (Jfi.'fnwt bt Uutlliieeii. whrio be rciiiaiUnl 
LinUI hJJi Jnth, Miky, ITT^. A- In^vllod Uuoi^ 
SmlfDrtitnd. Kruioo. HoJlnnd. umI KudUihU tid 
rTihluh*ff Mt»-i^I Ui*\tn nrt Iln' hmtrtTv i^flha fino- 
ivAii iDitj^. i.lin Uw^tf iLHtlon*. ;b-L]|lti«t r<nana^,ftc 
LUadijvf lurril ouiiBiibiLi (Jlf Httltd ^.tiarutoT wUch 
bf l^i-d to Ibc k^rtiLc wIijlIi tuplnupt tjstevalkitJJ; 
tbfl natuFi vidamoiiiiL ^f Ibu mitivr pvvcn of a a^atc. 
and bancB ilp*du«A iL^i uum of iu phniial aiti 
mrral jurmfrilj 'In thm w-bin4V hn ptv^ Ihi* nMiv 
of Mofiaf^irv. 

Actu-iLoK , Ukr bamc v'Ivcej 1>v tbv tuudvfil Grv^» 
and Tlumaui tu Knnil (iiot*. Uid moal oettbratcd b( 
whicib WM U» cma in tba <U«(niit nf Tli'vf'i^ilia a 
Kpima In iia irpjwr ftnrtr it Hnn thraiigb a *iU 
and moUDUinonacininUy; tb*n oaitni^ tb* plain aI 



I 



I 



ACHIEVEMEKT-ACH1U.£S TAHU&. 



21 



JUAmrift PlJilH, 4iii1 ii/T(irrwirin[rthr-rnr-^'tiiK FhUh 
ialo tfas Iviiiiui ^ba. It vrv rki.i 'Inubt itin L-1(h>niv 
«liaf«ctB«f Ibttcliuliel uT iL^ Auhiriofi. whiL^b. W- 
fvrv ih* atnua cnten the i^^in. cunAD^ uf ft J^icp 
and ddrit dkU* altli nakv widk riaicK mUooM pvr- 

to i^buI it H una cf Uu Kitnnna to iIip iDfemJ 
n^ow. ATberwjmLff Adivmn juid Cocytun irste 
oaUcd riren ol lluj bH« worlil- Ou tlw bAuIn of 

HvAdtHiu^ wh^tB t)iH ihkdva dF tbv duihl W(»rv asiUvu 
Vpuil rviii«ilt«l with n^gir-l lo Ii«iiri1y - A Uratifili 
or tliit Nllo in ihu uH^'tilhtnrhcKHl of MtmpEk)«, vtm 
■lac cftUfrd JrA<'~uii. — Thrr; v/m JuiLitLiT AcLl<i»d. 
a tnuill t^ver tivat J^bolIlhu in bruUiuiu- 0|i lit 
Innk* Alc3caaJ?r a! Kpirut fell tn battle 4^-aituL iho 
LucADikDii AH'I Bn.ittiiai]ii itx i\.<.: ^20. 

AriKKVF.sf i^vr, in h*'nliirT, ,i t-rm vrhi*^ tntvy li* 
A|iplir<i bn Etir thirlil *it annrirlnJ hcnnn^ ["riTifTtlly, 
M» the bonbila t>uib"l:i vl lL altc urfi:iiiiLllv lIji: 
HUrb rf KiWo K^v^t fcjiicvrxupfil ul the Inkicf. It 

AdMAivnr, jipjiliwd 1<a tb* ■hmld wh^uh m Hflitod to 
thi* hfiUHC nf |>*<Twmt kluly d4<iv.AAMl, b-»rinnnttf thmr 
diMth, nnk. vid fULlou. ThutJ? hACcliEnontt iMtTci 
•onnliajf iu tl^ir mnk aim! dl^uicy trf tlii^ ilwrvixt, 

AcRTi.i, Iflr-Avr, or Kifirx Ni.ifi*. iLh iiUnil nn 
Iha wi«it ftiiui at In^lnnil, n> IV1ayf\ ■^[urab^l rri>in 
Ulc m&EEJuid erf C<iiLDnuc:hb by x nturrjw wLrnLt edlEi! 
AcLiUtiuLij^^ It uuf a ti-^uiijidcu jJiajHT, iLA^-TirikliDiL 

■faarue ISA; ""A, A£,fEv4» iiTttM. Ibi nkirfw i« vild, 
han*n, Ami iiHiiiiit4inr>ii't riiinif t<> ^Innittfirii '•^ !JOOIF 
ft. Ui'l DjiWnnli^ w^dj idiiw trrmoniimia pivri|>jiy4 
TQTUid tttA (viMl- ThA InhthitAfiu (JtFhttii 40iJt) lr\ 
uuutvr) OMUiijr wnbiludly built buto, ud llvv b; 
fl^Ung or oiUrMbe pslalis of f^roucd. Thvrv b & 
Pntoitaiit MlsEon ^Mtfon on the UUbd whiaK »n 
■iiM ol iat»4 TUAt M(lAjfdi» Willi * vhunh, BCluioli, 
Mid % friiitinig MlAUiMhukimi, 

AcntLLJUi ; ucnrlrti^ l<i th" prv-t*, wm nf T'i-Ihia, 
Kiac of Uw Myrjuidoji^ In ThfWiJy. aivl nf 'HiviLJi, 
diiojtbterof Nvnun, B^KiidBvui < 1 ^I^uk Ilin cunliiDr 
'4ipp>d JlSllAi whuii ftn iiifbitl. ill t^iD -iVbU^n ^f cLq 
Gljrc wbifU ETiailw liini mvuiaepnUt, un^i^pt in t.t« 
hwd, br whiE'h tbm hf]ii him. 11 hvl Ixoii forvti^ld 
to'HkMf* thii ^, wouM Art]ulfp imnnrftnl d"r>'Jft*'., 
M tha Hm* l\iat. lOL-rt u rar\y doitli, if liv ^mi w 
lfa» riec« Orf TfuVn vhilc, on ihe ulhiir bund, if bo 
trmscaed ** bflTJiP, he would cojot ft bnj'jfy dJ n^^c 
To |*w*«il him (rom lAking pujt in tho wnr »i,'inwt 
Ttnjf TWu» ii^$i»»f| him. *hEii niiw v?uv oM, m 
• fbulr i1i»^«, and «Mit linn, nnrlnr thi* nmiii' nf 

« Mk wboac ^UHhleia be wu iMlui^uEcd, The pnjfilicL 
'^*"'"", bawvro*, annouiiuiNl t" tliir l^ri-miLEip llmt 
TVpj vntd Drht b* UkoEi Without Aaliillffh- ll« wu 
niiw^n«titJ]r KtHj^ht f^r ^rrrywhiTp, nii'l tifiaUy Ji*- 
coTond by thif cnlty L'tyniViii, who r?amo Lo ilje court 
«l Ijooaintw dingiEikiKl ■■ * muftbouit. and ufftn-il 
fa tma dauKblan iif tlia k'tufc tnHuLii fniiuiti uTim' 
wn^Miane K-bioh ^n[]■ Whttq inti-niiK'nif'ii. Ilio 
prinOMH^BHiU'HhoHnmikinvnts, Wul A t-r-^lc lh? qmiH. 
It wtm wi* MP f'Mj t»»[t (.^ jtpmijLiI' ihi? licry iTid 
AlttbMMB hero to Join tlio oitur ppiiiMB of fireuM 
in IIm auvdiliiiii JiL'iuiiBt Tinpy. rbmnix uinJ tbu 
Owifc Mtf Cniran hnii bc«ti bin inivtruc^l^in, thi* |atb-t 
liftd lMH»bl UiD lAifdLdinc. miEflif, uid n<iLnt(^ tho 
tofBur, men cpfi^fLlly b» tutcir. fullnwhl him t<> 
TVaj. tA n^iiW hiTEi in o]o(|ii''nb tpofllkir nnd n l»nvi^ 

In tbv //tiilZIlq U tlw bnvKnt. luil tiwniiMLbabuLi' 




fill, J'f iho tf nckni. Keullci In Tiny vith fifi_y »bi[d 
Alli^i wirh ih^t ^lynniflufi*. AdiAhuu, trid Hullfliir*. 
ilid dmLtiiyi*d tw«lw dtimvil tb" JKljdidH niid xlHtpLl 
i>n t>(' (ooJiilAfiil. JioioHid Mlij(*rTft U-'k biu undcr 
Irbfjc epLvkul pi<iCn:lii<iii^ On iv^couiit <4 a CjUATTdI 
wilh Aamovniori, wtiom thu pHuM* b^d «}uiu» 
tJlAir Wbir, fa* vithilnw fpr*n th* ftaJii, and pMniil^J 
HhAot, It tb* hfUbl iif tlj" Tmjaius Id dntmy ihi> 
rvjikv <ir tbv GncUmt Hp rvnuiticd ImplncrAblo 
Affftlntt tbe LIds. **i MKouiib til DrUrln, cUiijjhtBr of 
UriHiiiv uid wife i>f M^TiH, Kiiit; uf Lynv^m, who 
hul fnlltfu tu bi* wbiirv, ia iht.- diviiiuauC tbu IxMity. 
[>ut Hhciin Ajp.rwmm>n b«i tmkmi fmm birn la rnui- 
iwibmtn fitr thn Liannf hJK nwnfin^ flnyvi'lu. <jntJDh- 
IfT 'if ChrTH»t loitvt or ApulJi^. <.'biL]olju hAvLii; 
diKilAftd thftt a inlfknc*. thtu is^^iiiu wutJiih' lU? 
Clrccki. had befB »ftt bj ApoUu. and wjuld i.c« 
oonya tilK-'brviaii »!•■ mtOTndr tjuitbur thu ii«ftMLtii 
n\ ihfi Grv^juia. finr thf rJlon nf A^fivnitmiiinii^ 
ikppnftwnl thn wnlh nT ibp hi^ffl. H*^ JuitaV-vpf, ^~ 
ujttnf hiA frlvEid I'ntroeliiB, ii; I1I0 uwii JLrmoui. biJ 
4li the Ucwl III hi* ufvu wflfiiiPHt l<i uutLfail^ witm iri 
tbc dombat, Ptlr-aolim foU by thn uid cif Hvotvr; 
mild, to tifVaiijio >ii4 ifHklli, A, rMolvtui t^t rutiim b> 
r,h*' hi'lfl Thnln JkrrvH hri^nQht Nm n*w itud «r<lly 
tLTint. a\aiit* hy VuIt^An, unun^ vbli^ tht ihleld niL^ 
puiicubuly IjujiuiifuL Ilo Ixh^iuli' iti^MiiLilcJ tu 
Aifiimniiiiii'ii, rpti-j*f«! tlm purse j,U whidi vratv 
ciflWfu], Hid, fpfnabtd bv Mirnrva vdlh dcoUj wii 
amtirnitia, liulwi^t tfi 1tii« ^ultlr. Ilti' iVojiviit lied, 
i^nd a part of ilinin niitiiHl Milt< tru.' nv^r XtLnLtiii* 
and jMirlibf^d, Tbe lH>iJiai oFwLrui^i^l rbn conn? of 
bhu hlfcum. niul ibcr ti*Pt>uiii], Ji^L^ftted t^iLL the 
cajunijr^ f:iminLaiitIcct A . tfi dcjiiAt. Notlxing ubcyod, 
hfi morAoWtti hiB bAitLi) Hni riiNhod Agninnt tbe hero, 
KriooLingod by h'sptune in-l Mlncrvoi, A- nppoiai 
A oiithiia, who nJFciJ I* liia did Ih** wnt*n of ?sironi»- 
.Tnnr> ihwn •i>nt Viilian. mul tbp wiu-imul *nuth nindt 
wb« druifB the ritct^wi bvck bo liiB pnj|KT limilt 
Bul A> punned Uie Ttomu to tfaolr nEji n-iiich ohty 
th« [btencrmn «f Apallo pnTtutod bim frvam taldr>£. 
HMtM aIoijo remaiiie-l bcforv Ihe K4«ul gBt«, and* 
bRVin^ l^ul iiinrty tiiiiM ruimil L3^a Git3\ puniiod bf 
A.T finally ttfft^rel lirui^^^lf l^tr OTmliat, A- alew hlui, 
and. nfkT 'JnigtfijfK bJ** boviy rouDi] ibt city, i^itijixl 
ik ft-r A Uhtifviu, b? rtiam. Htct the numtion cpf 
Hh>CQUTii f-riiLt- A., ou ri'[irct«.'ntcd by ll/ui mibUoto 
pout, ik of B Wfty ajitl iui['elitotia ebcit^t'ln'. And faa* 
bti^t -tf tlmt finnn*^ aiuJ nitinmd \ulikijr wbii'h coh- 
■UtLitr tlif inie bon^. Tmirif.tiin varitiB u to bin 
fiirlln^r btitipr/j bboui^b tbt? i^uniuivik nl-iry h tbi^t Ih^ 
44DD luUi'vI in \nAilf At tlii' r^n-a^ait fstc by on ur>H' 
fr<^iii blic bow uf Fikria, iH^fum tbi: city wv tttk'li, 
Otbun «j it WM Apollo who killifd liiin, or direeteil 
thi> Tirmxv (if Pan" A blrMMly [■■mbfst PUtiiHl Llwut 
bk Indy lb W al*n fnld thnt bn fell !u bivp wilh 
iVlyirniL il duti^hiLvi of rtiutUp aiiU M,ivi?iJ Ui jnhi 
Uiu Triijcuia li»a n!WliyiIl^; Iht u Li» wife, ^"t wax 
wvuvlnatod by Huri* i" lliu tfiiuplo Lkf Ap-^Uo »t 
ITijinbpa, wimra ha h*! e°"*' "i^J"'"' vim The 
itnwlH4nri1i»ul ^rilyjiinn ^n bj* Hfliilf, in olifdiflnoo 
to hii r&;in?Bt, thai hu migbl <mjiiy but caiiijMJiy in 
Lhif Eljuian Ikldji, ^licu Alpirujii«- *dw hio tnmb, 
ih In pujlI that be pUcnl 4 «o»ii iipp>n it, <Ttcliiiimng, 
*'thnl A. »» ^PPJ '" baviny, durij»g hii lifivliint, 
n friohd bice fatrocliit, ami, nfStr hit d«ath. n pMt 

UTi'rfi', BD uiUud. boni ikL Alciaudrtn. liici). (irultalily, 
fib the <:i>d of ilia ihlrd aiktl iba iM-tijuiiiii; uf tho 
fr>Eirth ccinbiiry, nnd tanaht rb-'t'irin it bin nnli^T pity, 
(n hii oM Bfi' be hwniur- a mnV'^Tt to ('hrinti^hhity, 
ftrd row Vi l.be rllgniij nf n >ii<]»ip. Ti«vl'^ n trw*' 
tiiv (in tht atilujiti. whii'b ^«c' li^r^w only Innii »* 
bbridjiiuciLb tbdl dAtBuE. we poHMV ■ nruioflic ^f bM 



ACilMBT-ACOUKTICS, 



tuo, ia tvii vitliDtLl hrrntv wlJ id watan ji&rtt tfa^imi 
'IttHb ilhilitjr, Tlui ktylv af Uia ^-i:^!: ■' hiphLr rbnta- 

lliMtOJ. The bait cdlUou ut ihit futdiihffl nl. 
Tdwli 111 TliiTii *rlbh1teMMoratfDiriii>,u:a, 

ACVICif III.>*TurLiAhanipc<rjr, nonef Muhomat 
TV., f*%M4 tram ];ir3 t4> I7VJ. M^nj' i*mnrki>ili- 

•TMtt KAk fihoa durfn; Ui rd^. et which wc iluLl 

bBvunlyinBirtioihllintriijLriniXlt.vrt^iT OiL'bAbtW 
of FuUvir^ U\uin} |jn>t<«^tlE]|i mX Iju cniiH- C'h»H«-A 
iBHCdJrd In iriViilvint- A, |n a wni with t1ir< ntv, 
P<>l<t tbt GkMi «liii*lj »iiiil<( t*if Iml k ^'■^7 im- 
fariLiTiira iHWt (iiF Ibtj liitUf, if tb* prur|4-rii^ ^if 
Dohvin^ fate mlJW^ whan b« aAanwdi nwir<l, 

mdtfaoAHtrteM. fi4«t■bli■b«dtbaant1lnllthl|^ 
ptvn >t Cawftaiillvi[4* In M^. Trnmr^ tb* «Dd 
of Ut tvjfln, Iba InlHuia nrallid «gftlTkil him. iwl 
ba n ttrawB nb* b]i« uma prlvra In nhU^i li^ 

flnM) b<dcn be (ouk A/t |^1ac< 4n ibif Uimnt. II* 
dkillnl7»<. 
AcsKH V Somoti ; *«iWteBU* l«wii of UpVCf- 

l^rpe* OB lb* MM-m k>*ak Df tl* NiJA, allHl fay th> 
■nritati CftmtMLt uiH Pimj*^**. Tlupii^li n^Kltjml 
fRiQ iM fanner nucnifln-noc, ic if etill otm (if Uv 

Co^ dnn^ ««d About 10,»0 IntiahJteiito, vlio 
CMny OS uoM oaavfutuiM M mUm m^I vmm lvdl« 
oaow rimer. 

Acid [«Hr; LUla, ofEntutt In Uu.^ uuiic iuijiUbiI in 
cAumiitarj to » nuiiitcriif citaiiKiiiiidji, vHiJ, U>|ui(|. 
vd g»ioui, biiTinf iao<pv cr la* Ibv cruiJJti« of 
vbtfsttt «bia t* iteilf k dlldtnl r-'nn of Oflrfir onrf. 
Tbcj u* obBttdMrted in gunGTnl Ly % IafI, umr 
!*■«■: tboydtungii ngvCfrHl.i Mm** intA rvd, itHnii' 
|tAt ctbilli uiH mftrUf with rlfftrwwnrw. ^r1 Mir 

Inbd ia n»«t al tktn, aoiI wa* aI uio time '»ji- 
ridMtd M llllMWUlli tfoiulitMi^hl; but tbem m 
B»nml vWLuAHiad ufda en wbioh hq it^tT^ «p 
bCAB. Aa thi*t nl] nmtEitii hjiErotprn, thi^ 4Jv 
liiiown OB Avil'ticiitfi;- tin nthtfr* in »Uh] oryofn/i, 
Tbv JivUitdienibavvrv, tt DoV mr ]L>iri;ia-tiia^LtALiiFt|. 
Ari HI t^iAn mt9 cnttililapad \{\ oubUiii btil^Ji^vii- Tbc 
^iT^U^n f<H*Q^o«B4a »Uril b^ OtulanJi^ <ntb wikUr 
r^niL vVli «» aUad flhAiidrhf d. Hih h^iri^f^n r^kv- 
uliwl in Kb ftdd mair bv in vthnlr i^ in pvi r>rlw^f 
t> • luvU]. txtl in lUi tik^ urfomwl ihofnUauioM 
ktiQwn ■• «/tt ^rt.f ( Tb«ti**iutyo{cii»*daifciioiiir- 
c« th* BSUiMt of iT^nco) i* it fcphoDBbb I? nwteli^ 
If ■*" "** **? T*Tn>inf tlf -lib in Aih MTMrt piiTt -rrith 
•U Ito b»i4 hrdiWB al ob«^ it ii ««]Ud Mnoftwr^ 
K bmnnff, Ai ^drafm am bo mteMd fa tvo, 
tkwwtvmarametMdnaUiia. lhA«UUaiIkdU-, 
6-t-, w. Id ffpflcMl. fofr^cufr. r«Ev]itoin fc'M*, ihrre- 
un, Wi>nc uvt farm uJtt conhumiii; ui^iir llinu vuc 
m«lMl. llw tLtomudBy «f «a oixulfl utj. HAinliiit; 
«>tt«d«ii<4Miw(fy, df|Hidtcialbal«f ibe »lo>bo] 
frtm Bhtoh « ta dcflWi, cr m llM of Um hy^lm 
ov^iB aiilklo vbleb h <i4iUinL Tba hiiifiiv iiTirl 
•lowiflit y of » Mi<i iiiBT or Liiij nobbt llwiBflDr.tut 
BAqMamU Hill vt luuiulKifa or ^hbiuifi jfe«c«i]- 
bff •*<3knniM«»3». AcEikwaoHianL]|-^v><tttl 

fron WA Ib^ WM ibriiiwl ; iml tboc^^ thk d». 
tfaolka b br DO nmo abHtato, It U ittU ■unvtium 
W d ^ i nl ODnrmiqiL Tb« ornrio adili mo br iu 
lh» BoN b«B«fUttL 8m CiMtf^ (Kouicttd*' 



AcDt.mil, or AnLTTJCS ; Qlarjfjioen In the udent 
LoUu miAl O-mk cihohdu. ucjL in unlu Icluw llu 
inbdcticvdu, vbofiD •j&'M. coiuvlal uiigmfelt^ 14 
]i{:bLui)f Ibu opjuUe*, cw^'in; tA|wn m pmoiviioiit^ 
mill jfwtLHullv aKiHtintf thn imihnpft bvl fvuaU En 
ibr jirrfnrmn»inp rit Lhr n-rrtnrmipa. I^n« &he Tlh 
ocDLiiry. hi>«L'vi?r. liiivc liuLJci Iuvl> liecji pac fttfin ii 
^ Ihivb frviu lUd laiiy, wlki ■« tbcrvfon adkd 

narfjftAm hi tl«S booka of tlw BolBAB Qlthflto UtVI0. 

Tb» rbnivm Ureik cfatnh no kaic[«r pvUiao vba 

ALu^lTtt iJ^AUtini^. A i^iii of hbi^ly livrhnAnvii 
IflniiUt at tUu uatutiU i>tilcr AnnunriiJcrcrrr, biq^ 
luioivEi tfji tJicir pjiPduoiiH iJtripciiiiH, ^[uiir of Uno 
urn of i^rtAt b(«Ljty, ooH ABirrml uw unltJTnt^d in OW 

^i^w'. iio«lIi«l TTPvr thkv I^PTiii of Lit 1IDW4BI, chtfike- 

ii-rintJoDf tbogrnii*; tijL- itjiiienniiai pjtrtof ihocaln 
nrviluBjpi bh« ptiidkln Hiid uJinr [«ria in dw (oral of ft 
hi^lnivt or bcM. Thrm iLjirpni Uo* or }«tta* tu 
colour, \mpg clnifpivird round « Dfv^ffht otolk, ant 
luku tho itoimit* & vwy Imparin^ punB for tnth 
niL-DtAJ ^^ardfln bonten Kcnte povirrfiii EnadiDiiiai 
«n^ nniiAm] fnuti thv te*f uuifl r* xiU nf luriTilf it-bnec), 
nvd bnlh ktvnikUv an tlniA<Ic pBrcatiTBik tnd nttrr* 
oaDt Htt uDodyDH fiir ooub* pMiu ia tLcaTOun, ihtU' 
BdUo, Mul wpUlitio dUuHH Ail tlw ptulfl ^ Ills 

KAViAfopaHDOiUH oamoififi mcnk'o-bood UMmiWn 
OTTl&it) wtvr^viruEuai; hut ibomaai 4ndWaamm 
tft ho tho <4 nmiOuh i^nv, tJib ^A cir Atfal of Nc^ianl, 
uied by (bo K^iMuLm V> pjiwA tljMr *vlh m iIid 
«i*uice of tho Uhlitb hhij into IbaEf tcnStoffoi 

ACQMlTir Ac^Lb. uliu nJl(<d funiHf.r^^^, » tribaaa 
itflrl *xtniGtM fmrii uuiTik'v'haEyl ijt nrniMia -Vo^'Aaat, 
i>r from hunKU^ ti^'jirutlam ^vnofi'M. or fnnfiAnd hf 
ibfl dccotopoalioauf dLrii: jirfnin>T lir*l. It mjvmnLvn 
tbr Cormof • tabRvled nihci 01 irniit. ii oaluUc in 
waMr, |b ■loBlkaiL ^^ io oibcr, Ultra iho oolour «t 
Ainlwf inuW (h> aMioji of iu&l, uuJta iX 344' VUi-t 

thv LoBw of nniik'"-n'riK) uiH kiitlc otttf qwolv «( 
iwuiulv. It ii< i>bWnf«i f^H^terallj in hhik ^Miiia^ 
ii hdtibl* will] ^ilhuully iu whlcr, («itt vivy xsdif 
m aloihulr lU Ual« in btttnr. It it k Timkat 
poiiifA, vitinji tin th* tinun uiil nurvwu a jr»li« vad 
produdjit* frciuir- 

\t.yjVEi'>. or AcuRTiCB. Juifii. ■ pUkaa|AOT, 
uLaLbciuUi<j|*f]. uni iliviba of ibd lOlb coaliiry. Ho 
v^Afl a Bfiliv* U TtnA, bom ia 11^ Bia |«iwp«J 
*crta ■« ODO OB Ibo AMA^^Hu i;/ ^Eom, ii^ri mo 
i4h«F im lb* irifiad t^ Awfyia? fA« Jtnnnv, In 
IbcwIndtiptajPialibFT^tTandfDinlslAbqrDailAv 
Hiitii of bb If^ II D ilinl ill Lvinhm Ul KM. 

Ac«n-A«GAB«iKL, or*i bo kfiswiinbGalUl^b- 
aalf. UrialA IVrfuinxjM a|jD»iili I i1,liliiwjM 
to lb* am biir of ih- 17tb oontuiy, vlkfl ^oa CM»- 
liim tnnifd Jrv, uvl frnca Jov anbdlavGir. imI In 
coDaequcnn iiniJ?rw?Dt munbd^^ poBCPHaVk 
lie PMiil l\to l^lkr |«tt ^ ilia Ufi: lii Aiu>krJaai; 
vid it ni tlio Jcwub ofULmtinjty tJ ib^l citr tbkt 
wM lh4] dtiof «UK of hiJi truutk^Bi, H* tUod %j lb* 
nam hitm'l m J I'lT: ttinl hi' jitfl, ivn mlt"«tih[^ anmnit 
of wbicb bv. tflvn nrtrri [Hi]ilUb«l. fumlihoa ■ noU 
•lili; cLaUL|>lD»r iiiLulcnooe and bIfUUj OA OM rilii, 
lud Ub iimlihtv ipf L'lJrn^nf onlaBO lim of in^idi^ 
inlboub fUvblj piiadpLot kbd a oiln baupaiwwM 
« tba«iUwr- 

AoDCttn<« (frnin Gfi*ok aAnwt, 1 ]M«rt. Certain 
uottcna tn trlvn*! ob)«u (vaduoa » pftet on tba 
min4 bf balnf cmuninifvaiitd to h Ihrn^h kbn oar. 
Thi> -iTfKtt b calkd »«-d; anil tl» uriwidgBltoi sf 
it* ^luditk* «Dd trvrnnk^iiinii irrr^t lb« otftavi <4 

w w *i«> IUlanpfa»Di^*>diMliwtLoa batwoan 



I 



I 
I 



I 



ACOUSnCSL 



■Ctiuia Cii«Unucabed witUin «uoh limiU an Hot to 
pmliin^ ft HihtLTi-iiAil ib>naU(ir, un oiJlAd « ■»■«»,- 
white k «jrr:jwiin|| nf l«tkifWvUoh pToHDOv * mD' 
tiauvJ AcwAtUfi ii 4BUoi M Kund. It Iievidirat fr^ia 
Ihd BMatkiBiiim mI itia catj xj fu u ■( b imJintuiKl, 
Ihaftit bftnSDvdounlrtvuuM furooiLvi^piiffnmotiim 
ht^ Ih* nwdiuB «'!]i':b <un<:kuiiil' il tcp iho jwiiitury 
mnv^ And dtit thin hkt*" nni<t mviTi* *.vr<ry ninik.-in 
etcdlol lb the t^iiipiutiiru. Every uHitlon thui u* 
vibdilf huwcvcr. duat nuL pitxtuu; ^lii: ■cJiantiiJa uf 
MUiul. 'fli^t uju^uua iiikj tic Kudibb, It m an ■ Mmrr 
ihafilhav impt-a^ llxnml w (i;>aa Iko bp4iura vhiijti 
■viTounAi tl^rt pur uith mlcriitiM cninpnvil wttlun 
Olta^n ItmltJ. 'I^^u* imtEhiOm u* jvimmnnlf prr>- 
daocil ty diBmrblni the equlUbrinm which eilsu 
bil««ifa UiB f*rta (j| Ik luiv- TJiu». fur czKhmiitc. i£ 
V*rtrik*aS«ll, Uie wt tfhidi rrcni*™ ihd lint Lm- 

B«c*% but Ibt iiapiilt* hutirtg ctaawl, it U urg^ii bibnk 
pf ft bm of r*pnl*ion ■ tijoh txEnu In the m^FAl Ktd 
anda Id }■■■« w^uud lu f^j-mur (miilljuu ; by ika 
c^itrUlMi uf anutiMg yrEj|>cEty uf tliv tiiKuJ, iiuuulv, 
Mlfi 'ig Atifvtiatk it ia thou xudv ba tvtum in t^ 
^AthILiw of ill tint mntkv, «flkin bi^aiMl ibi finqiiAn 

ftdjibrviil p*ru, whw4i in turn mfluom chov Ivyoful 
iMi^ UDtJ] tlu whijlc lUflKi Ksumia % trdiauJinui 
AHHioti, UiAl is QVtUin |ianB ■nqtMub Id niid jw«iId 
bom «Kik atbor. tad it ^wlv r^«0Ta-» ju fonnei AUt4 
W rafdaa aAv utIiu waiwoud ■ wmbor of Ikoac 
■wwcBM tflMOoBi. ItUfvidiikKliBtmebTibMSau 
■tt JM ^M* dMurfbtd Huut VHott froiB dw orNnhinail 
«psBtfaQ of slteaclSuD lod re^lmno, uliiirh t^^trn^t&r 
WBitit<nii rtii Jiiliiin iif I liil ti^ilini Wbtu tliiKlrv 
■whaw uTartiiittT (■ cuuoed lo rvpulni'a, pmii ti'ttii'U. 
» iMe equiviucal to tbM «f MLrootLon in buJI^U id 
inf£«ii to tli«n hy dTtevnikl fruniK. TJu> ■onunu* 
TWndiw of Imdict Afv <tm.'4JiigEj curi'iut. unl Lhfi 
BMM dUBcnli lu be Dudentond (inm uur hftli^s of 
BtUUllGdiftD^MUit luuLictut Ijv (L;9ij,-bl; hut tlioe 
aBt/OBUtOect vorj ■nuBihiT'aUDtlKr i>rii;an wlilLc tiiaj 

vitbout thfl nLKUiH <^f cT»iirtirliTiw tlifl nip'** ilnrivi^d 
triim nun •^nin int-j th»«t flimti'il fmm aiwAiite ihi" 
T-TrT*"r Chf the uiotioii of wiiJiJ doi» DnI ultl ua 
te buikusl^ml lU ini?<3iM iiAtum *« ixxijphml «llU 

JilTh»lin» butwneii n )itavo uul on ibetitu Kumiil, Uit 
II |i «aJf bom Ut^^nu^a ofiian-nticpii tiy ihf ey thnt 
ip» <|laH«« ths fUffernit mpi'lLby nf \iir4!««jrkri in 
Ihi TUnktian which iswluce thpia. Tht vihnfctiiMu 
■>f ft ({ml lliHtiV t^Kiia. V kliijikA li^K ^ul lueui* 
bnUi«t» vhoD emittirii; ■auqil' n4y, h&worvr, l>» 
JlMlBalily ntfi* Vi^l wha ftilt; but tk^y nu/ oltr^n 
bft BflDMMd BdlW MniiItU U tiif> eys ljy « llltls BTU- 

Am^ Bidi H tpniLkllitfl Ju vihmtin^ bfnl>' with wiml, 
•r aaow iicbt iparalftr RobBUUf.^ S^uail uihy Ire 
fvaduovd wftlviuL TibftliiDiiBnr nlbcmuu-rid, ttiLu, IT 
w jMtf Ui« ludt quiclitj' rvcr tbo tputh uf ■ ojujIi, 
1^ rBftiil taecTMi'i'i of *ii^uict ihoobii or douoh produce 
ftU INM ifllMt ol TlbiatiMiH. 

n* npid motiiuii biTt dcacrllMd. wh^rtbrr nrti^. 

BbAI* nninniiifiinBti—1 frw dto IhmIj m vUJati tbuy 
MV fTfilt^ lo tb* dmi «f t^, or vrWtaycr uIhd ba in 
nnliicl villi itf AAii fpoiQ tliiji i^ia to jmatbrtr ihD<4 
iMTond ttw *i«i^ thui diJttwirijf the irinLinn m avrry 
dowtinn. Hi* ii4ritiillDn iJf theuundlit^ bodr mnut 
that bt otrnanulnBvd to bbt iiiirniu:;diiL<: uie.'Jjuiu Ui 
AfTDftil <|iiUlHn. mad Im^termad upJi; uiy luly h'-U' 
*te«l witlau Uil* JiMukWi if thia hociy be tHu cat, the 
tffivtt atflJEeiJ Sa U 1>v tliou afit^tLrma viU bo p-r- 
Olirwl by th* ada<L 'I'im ivtoaaiiity of iniDr malium 



for tiu inMmiittciL of boanii i« ftrorn] bj/ cjLperimcuO. 
If » IcU be nln^ in ui cibuvkU riCEitdr, the tnimcl 
vH [n h&Mly fwiFcHptkhlD, « mU Uio t»nka will b»rini« 
rl^ihr uiil iltAiiii'l n(i r^-kilnuttn^ Ih* lur- HAting 
thuAgtwn a j{ir<ri4<mr natlinc d th* Kum uirl prnpn- 
k'fiLfoQ i>f Haiiful, »E blihU pn>OVnl to euiui(li:T4 niih 
Afl tjiUfL EIUUULcfjal* JU Lhc Uuula u( lbi« Vli.tk wJl 
pcmut, ■■;aau d£ tha mufv impirtiiiat fiwta oDnncDUd 
witb than. 

TJtD chuvtariitin by nhioh w# ttistinffiiiftl] rii^ 
ftuvDt lounds mmln aS !ulTrrcna% in their dmou a{ 

wW HL' udJ |u|(djl»a«Uld IHH*HtelltllB(ir^2ffl. W« 

uui jifoducD, bl filtfaMifv, miuicU liAiiUf JiiTn-Rflt 
i[(^n<a of loucLniuai from thti NUTut ft^norviu boily }'y 
mvkmg iU* cnnniiaiuu upc4i tt Hfire rtr Uv vinlont; 
dt«iurhiri^ In a onfttW !•■ r]^fT*r ibe amligMikeftt 

of ill porlJ. £> ivo bodiH uf lil« iobiUnoft and 
Ii)iurt% Uiit luJikv iBABk wTien Bobivctv J toUiaiMDa 
t^ock, acQib ■OUD^ boliko in ]DudEuH»; ud iff^ 
bciiJH of liieo toam Aftd fiprv, bub vnlikv nbitue<^ 
ftntn Kinnd* moTo nr li* load vli«i rebjavtod to tb« 
Hitfl ihock. In thiit ]fllt«r cott the iMidiKH h» ft 
EvinLiuji It, elm ijuhuLity iiT idiuitkily imiukhacU b> lliQ 
lifjdita: Ami m sll r-vi^ trhru ilw iJixlij|-liviji,i] vt Uia 
|vi^ V DAiiiad bfy«kd tt* 4ImII« p^ivu d1 tb* bedyt 
fu) M to tnduOB » ponuunt eltMftctf flnM^DA 

lniT<*44ol]013«lltVllAiad|M«d, nOKft^DWddMttlkai 
of lbejmmllii(f iBiiTlfcvr m^y oiiiLcldde thLt EutulWH 
Uijpcnu upon iJiu qmiiiiity dF uiutidR cir ^DORin 
vibTAtiofL in irlddi it vi^ciiutn. Tk« oilLtx ptindiiftl 

duvut^mLit of tuuidfitoAciJtaiHHiiTpitcbjdapeBdt 
ui>P¥i ttii* Iroqufinej' i*ilh wbieh thi> frTmarinm of 
II tpTht^iiij* ikf ihv fevBomiu hfHiy ■qoeod Aftcb otbar. 
ThiLt tiknmbi mjiy b« v-udihTii tri a fxmtnaa at U ti 
msmearj that Ihtt fonciipaliiiiH niKjn tbe mfldluni 
wbjkili i^ijiuiijunjattv* Ilium etti>ulJ fullov tb:lt(ilJi^ 
io vibch BtJi>»4«Luii lliAt iti:it luvm tLhL Sl-^'J unr tcH 
tbuci 3;^ JiflLinut (VjncutoiDiib ihnll be iUAdu LLpoa tho 
laedLum tiuring ihc lap^s of one ■eeouil, HL-int ftam, 
hriwm'i-, fSA |-«-ppiffo «nDi>dE ^iniuiAtuif; from Tilart' 
tioD? A Ultlc bryond UiL^alrmin (o wLucb tlK'pu^ 
OTp^ioii of i^tbur cmn m uuidLutil Wt alioiiitl Lc 
^Anful iiiit tu cuafuuiul tb4 fretjUflOcyciC vlbrnliuut 
with tW ¥«lvdtj of riltrntoty matp^u, A ftouK isay 
vif'riLta viihagnabrr rT !(?■ Tx-Ji-nfy. AaiftpiaiAiM 
hvifi t^>ih tp^ttBPft Itr4 iJiftiniv; vrt Ihn tuiMB of 
la lihrntJmu nuy be nil cquiki. l7i& iLlfft^rcnoe r>f 

|jn-duLi] bu ch[U]f-« Di^T^jiL iiL tb« luudneift of tbo 
■nqiid. To tbiiBc voiibda which |>»eMd from u- 
fiw^inHntvihratiirriu^n-fl^ve tJii? n^DWol^fAr or ^wh, 
thnv friim fppPiumtr vjbnHinn^ we <mU iii*3» of lUlilA. 
^^fiDn I'lbrAti^ini ihilm^ciiI i^i^L tiiber In eqiuJ Vuhs 
tlu^jf Kiuud ciniLca a ]i[ia-;ki;t hiwaIihi^ And Uid)- lu-a 
caik^l mmrndV- Whi-Ti two b<hEji4Euv nkbJc ta >(>iiiiiJ 
tj^lhiT, if thvir rihi-Btion^ iuv> pariorniDd i(L qiuU 
tiiTiDt, ibv ttiindB uv Bud to bo in i(nu<iii, Vilinn 
the vilimtiwjt nro pr'Tf^>rmi>il in unrqiiAl tlm"", h* 

tllAt AUlUC uf lllUMI uf iho OIUJ UR UUt (llXtUlLipUlkd bj 

lluwa cpf lliij fiivii-^ tim rjir |tEiu:Evm a di^fitA <jf dW 
vomdicq in the AoundA, If, hnivcvcr. tb^ tibrAtEuu 
nwat Aftvr nh^rt A-iid rs^W mterveJ*. tUu dunanaju* 
II lanl p^ulI} r]Ati«i-tiM, AnH tho Bnticida Am add Ui 
df-^nn:/, l^urta^ tlie fnptinirATKV of matt plioufj 
fcjuiuK liri*^\er EidUxl, «r [wivirli»r vthqr ud more 
Aijulv HDumifl tveniatuig mUi Uicru- Tkoio ftr« 
QiJLci] tbiir Aai-rni»ii4. They Am •upposni to cngi- 
nhta in n •pn<j' ^pf ivfom-bHT iibratiniia, xaon vbnrt 
And rrpr|i}(qil tftAii tfki^ nni>ripiJ vihrntinn* 'J'lirH A 
aouni-llTi^ f tiiD^, fur ex^iiuplv^ ijiAy Im supiiotuKt noi to 
pvm jti»;k\i> ill u DJiiipIt I'urTu. iml Vi TujdVtf iU*)t 
Eiil'»A tEutimUJ ViXic uuinciJ by a imiitlNjT <d hiuaIW 
Aiirvei. c«di af ^-hioh Tibmlca Acrovi its own akK 
thuK prnxiuciit^ il£ honuonia. It io purhnpa idQA 
cnmfmtittionol tlu yjtbonio* wttb U» fiiiDAry ■miiul 



Si 



ACOCSTtCS^ACBEL 



con atalViffTiLah <inr fpvn Kintttin' 

Air bting the cominoQ looIiEim whloti niirouiidi 
tLir w it tluli liy wHdi (ujlijhU m; upuull^y Uaiit- 

Wrvwr, m M|«IJ« oF tmMmittujr luiinrt. It may 
bo <t«n* perfaciJ J ov#n hy f hp fc^livl pur** nf thfl hK%¥r 
It for idtMnplaH wo hfllJ Umj «tcm of u »At«li tiptwtrn 

bfltfiBNhatfd uor* diMiBct^T ihu whotL llic iutru- 
aUfliLt U bold at w e<|aiJ dlMuH in tb>i lur 1'hu 
lubblrtf «0gtllii-r of Iw tUmm uDdur mlor nny tv 
IwiPri bjf ikB dF iri ti\u idra« raedlniD ftt thr dtitAiMW 
rif hftlt a mil*. Wlioi Uia idr. or An; utlior buid> vl 
lodflflnlt* eatwilfe ia duburlwil lu * jirjjti htu*l«I 
«i(Jihi U b5 a •oacrou* yibcktinii, it torn* 4 wktu 
trhiob vmta Ima lb« diltqrbad paiat *■ k ovntTB in 
«varv dirvcUoQ. 11 foUovi that H tli* wbt-v txtivad* 
lUiiLf, Uvi iriuii to bA put m nLDtLon Inrrruoi nntl) 
th« nrEiflnitJ inuliun i* kieiiIvevI innviiHUilp tri'ta tliv 
maenitodv i( Um idvm li> ^vLtdi it W cionnDuiiiiat«d 
iiMU. The v«(«i(y wiUi «hieb ««va< ibn FonMd 
nut* Ihnu^ uaf homowi90VM oWlJo undlun i« 
iJwM equiu lo tlul wMdi « hsvy bodj wonlil 
Kqm>> by fnULncT tlitoufli hUf Eh* hri^hc of tlie 
Budaluit of «Iutidly,* Id hp|iljiiv thia Uw Ui the 
tnaimUoD «f wuud by ttv nir, h trv fat a loiiu 
1&BU bood not to i^re tb» ■«» nnlla u irm 0b- 
talfecd I97 •tptvfaQlmL Hill dlunwoTr bovravw, 
hM bHO TBott bmaioail^ rftOOMflvl hr % mulL 
cnmetifKi (nr llm Utvnt but tuilH MrBdnU tiy Lho 
cnm wi— Ljn; tlitr viTvot uf Utiu htAoit 1c ip wMw iLv 
b«lclit of Ibv mululuB of elHliolby. Wv 90j:bt ibwr 
t>rd la And lliat llquidti ud mon ciipcoijtDy »itLe of 
tfav nTidj, iTioutd tnBmkJl Htuul muoli man f*pid]y 
ihu wr^ ikoU EUu >ff^«M no>l pnloetly vilh futou 
rxprnmi^U I "Xat-imn, fnr KVuapTMH Ku btm Found 
to imuialt khidJ with % Tcloclt? I0| lima ifnutfi 
liivi u. Z?uiiiiJ lEucfl uut uTAnlily !>■■■ iniu vuo 
lUtiUuui io nrtoLKiu -. »»}UEid Dihto m cJii: %.it \a Uvl 
tMiuXt ilifhtiri^jphrd Uhdor wnter, Uttou^jh t!m d"- 
tkiio* bu nry mnikll, ll in from tJif, fritfuMy, thnt 
rorkanrt til »nFi n>t]iiUr bodiwp luul ^MiidiTi^tnrrt 
of ■aund. u lu tb»t tho nund munt. In punlri; 
iLm^ iho vaIU L'f lEio tnEU uid tUd tut euuUutiixl 
bl tMD, «luu^ ■ucooaaivclv froru une weJium to 



AQ «iEind«. wliittvirfir 1» Umir piUhihat^ th<i uim" 
Toiodty: * f*rt mnrt win[>)rtflly proml ty PVi*n' 
VoMgd i^uruLHuo^ Wen it kjilicr^uv. jiidnti, 

Htc&l it ■ oaly nw ctj u y to cciwijcr that baJnioriT 
it S oaotttoiilioa «f difbrvnt nundi brraii^;vl nilh 
a«CiiB nUiliavi of tlmp mvl fPttWi Nnw, iF one 
flBqnd mm irBiitfUlttcd mth jrmVT vr-lpvuty thtn 
Hnllwf, tiMn rskliaa* ir«itlJ ^Ufur at ditrentLt d&k- 
iBiua^ or bv cmfbiudida vicnA aX a nn^ fliT« 
fUbb. Hw Iiir1b«r» malDdj, vUcik u a wnrMwoa of 
rii^i MOiidi^ vrtuld avi rwb diffimnC lan nitb tbt 
ami ivIUlMu or tfau^ IT th* dUtknnt boCm wot** not 

OD Mond, la TVfy b)|b UlUnd« tBai tu cuuintliL-L 
ihm^jiimW'ieiUwaiSmiaa. ThotttathiitatwAiia^K. 
bamw, ia mndn^ rt«and](il bv mppnaniE lKa 
4tUbr<Dt alntavf iiT; tfan>ijffh vhidi ilif vmrd* .n 
ttna bw^MOW ««n tnEmLRtvl, m Tf^Ty Liiitii.Tv.iii 
bynOHtrkB) ov Ibtnnainffirlcal lU^n. whl'.h would 
■MV atmjVJudibji iltffbmu'o w Uait ukululut uf 
Jlittritf- wlim 1 friTH tjf tiHiiul jii«fto an tUfttti 
aoilba A ui puily InusntUiL And ptflly nflBrtrf. 

lUiiiawttos.vfM ilMlani bwk pifptskdiattkriy, 
* Tka M|M af «b> «aUiWdf ilMHitr W aiF b ffr,«n iWt, 



la calUd tai t^kn. That an toha nuy to d'utinatly 
Tuuil. t1 ii n«CBiBjy that tho vafiBo^nif aurfiui* h* M 

«iiph 4 dt4tn0« thai thi* ntieiiiAl uumrl (hLll hn« 
owl IwfoiT (ht iTttfctw] onp ri!(ijmi 10 Ihr i-At. 

In thr rviiiJLiki hitl]i:ii» iuvId vh: Iimr ojiuiiltrfn] 
Llic prupA^-dLiMii uf Houudi iu un uticuEilmcJ milium, 
partn^uWIv lliu iifn ifi wbiat tho k^vu of imuDri «iia 
ilifFitid ifdilf in iiVfTV dirvrtinn. WJipn tiiii rliAViUfs 
in yrt<rrt\t''i\ hy mdMiriit I.Iia mr-illirm m • tiirritrv 
cj^nhhluorp^tctiuG th? wHVc to that th?«fHmil fludt 
Lv iiuiiliiiDi tfr iriiv dJjr<.'tEO|i , 0:t] ItiHifitiXtiii'ti fmiu 
*>uo |<jiitt 1>> uioLlifr i» much muis jwffict. F.ijjrri- 
uionU tmvfl Ihh&hib^d m thi* way, in whict^i n linQnir 
cyMudmr, ahtrnt half .iiuiiln long, w fiimwd by cait- 
Irnn pltva. Th'^wiiFnd v»« trviniint^ by the air te 
UiLn cyLndur with wuudcrful lEiptiiiL^liiow^ Tin IbmI 
wLiiprr && vi\c cud uf Uuf cvUiidcir woa diHliiiclly 
Iw&nl at tho ctbcr ddJ, Bo Hrfoct, iorlpnl, vm (^ 
trammiariga '^tkat imt io honr il U'4i, ntMHilutoJy 
nmvMuv not to ^nal( " CnfiUIn I'arrv anil lAtit- 
UnCitit roiter modD levotnt ^Tprmni^ta dutiii^ llw 
iiurthcm QijictUtLuQi lo utccrlain tin? vdtK'iLy of 
wuuJ, A Ulb uf tlu-iii jt Eivmi ill * KLiiulx^r *if ih'i 
AiiftJ'tfi^A Pfl^llM^iJ,hii^lJnur't't■L 'riii:->H'fimTi([iPifi4 
v«rB niMig at Poft lli>wwn, by im^xnA v( a bnu* hk 
pminilrfT, nvrr k vMigin '^f iV.^tt^'WI fatfl- Th« n«illM 
^T?n urr th« mr^an of Fuur aliDta In cnu raM. of fit* 
[b ar»iJi<^rt luul lii lEm nut uf all HhntH by rorh ob* 
Munr, lim xm-jai n»ull« 'aHrd frcm I'JTfll"" lo 
ll'TDS?" and il'Catr fnr ibo timr in vvLiLh lb« 
rMxff* of V2,^9-i-V<\* for<t niu trftvonwl ly tb< •uvnd. 
At lh« p^-tIc^I <if Ihff cxiKa-iiDcal whii'li ^r« Ebv Kn4 
of ihnn rtaiitla thcirw wim h <'jJni ; <hirini^ ihi* UHnml 
Liva wiiiiL wai IJifht; tlutiu^ ibe \\^n] a htf^iuj: wind 
(«JM UimiiuiL Ths Tilocitypo-nofitiu], in fcvi. «■■ 
in the Ifrvl bii(u« lOlO-SS? in llie BRoud ]fiD8 IJ: 
bi Ihelldnl 111110, UmittlDg Lho lut of tbc Um 
rMEdl* (the Uat alx»T« girml. ijii i^cuunl oi tbe 
atrm^ wind. Uie mean nf thi> niJirrnmp ^rn* » vpJn- 
flitv dF lOISfi'lU r«t. iLt the lompemluiv of 17 73' 
FftLrwibrit.— Tlw meiui «f * libleuf vc]udU*» firiiiatl 
fmiii (tWrratlvid maUo %% ^^^rt KrnjiUllii M li^n- 
U^aitt KctiJihLl, who A<v4vm|4Ei Jc<L ^\r John F'nuikln 
ji] hift xwi»)»i-1 jutimty to tt* •hi>rt> nf tha I'tilv JftaAt 
(pTM ■ Vflnntty of IfHSV-U fivl fifT Konnrl, at Iba 
ceinponture oF ]>'3l' FlfarcnbrlL 

Abuuatjis, tike iiw ulJiL-]- MVitJim^ vhuw> a ciimlasiA 
■bftto of advancement ■ibDo therQiivalcf InArtiiit^, 1ft 
Af^Miom thflt I^thsiforat krn^* tb« rvUlion btlwon 
tlio L<n;:tl] e,i ■trinf" and tho nuilMl aomula vhleb 
tbi'j rnhlihw. AnaLotJri «v Tint efaly Amre of Lfalii 
n^lutjiju, \iti\ UkrHUD tliat iUb Biino nUllon iLtbiala 
Ivtit^DM Uic Irjij^iUfF ]iit>« Jind tbviriHiba,and thai 
pDUud wiu livuiEmtticd by tb< atmoapbffTf. l^U 
cvnctitiitcti tla*BiiTn nf ^n^ii^nt ItATtlni^tn tliitbMiVh 
*-'t Hi-wnm*. 'rti.->^ tm'U w*ipp langbl by (vaJUeo, aad 
(nfiTf*«rrr, tlt^t \\ii- \i\t(vtvi\tC' in the acutaauB ^ 
kuundji dtt*^'"!! Uiad jffiirviit frw^umcy rrf Hbnllfltti, 
wuJlliat liuiAiua fiiTiiiu>if i>f Jiiiif^nn (bichieaa anl 
deo^, nuat ttoffurnk JU vihiatban in ei)iial tisMft. 
Bat inthnut atltmtiptkn^ a hlalury of modem d1» 
florentfl in acoi)*tEi<ii. Vb rsji oiiJy nimtloA tiAt <b« 
namni nf Ta>liir. MorrUin!. XinrUin. HmM B«* 
iiuuilti, n'AU'iJilirrt, FthW. Rj^bUnn, TaPVB^ 1^ 
\\i^. V\AAAa\ T, YouDif, *aA IU>'ti w all wuoRMd 
with iL Of tbcea, Nevion ckvc the lit* <jf baa*' 
iniHion wyob vo have ataied in ihu artir^a, mul Ibi 
enrmUOtt tor hmS w made by Laplau, 

ACMl, iKm thfi Aatmi 4Ar, er t>f>TTiuin nHw. a 
Ml'ii baconBioa BritUi niHun of bnd. tfmttlB- 
lotf 4040 a^utf* jBcda. Tfab U tbe only logal titx% 
mhL ef eovae. U *!«■ J* prtnuned to 1h the aor ia- 
taadad bt »Bl»fFU, when Iba «ii«1fvy b not *i- 
Jiiiaale ataitcd^ In Kd^huvl tbi« oin aourvly ba 
atlerdnl ivltJi any ravUfc^ aa tb* imp«nal aod tbs 



I 
I 



J 



A€ftE-ACTA EUri)ITORt:M> 



rtttqln acn u« HJvaLJcaJ ; but in ScnlJund ktki3 

'■nil It ti ttunFi^rc of Lmportuu* lo miHniLvT thai 
itm SaauAt u» wniiini 6iS<i. or man fttmAtely 
Cl^fl'A, >tid thv Ijvh Hen 7840 iiquuv yuils: In 

Stitoi uf AmortcA u*0 cLd ImporUl «ck. 

AnUL. }^. Jus £>', ■iicidil Jk/\i' ud /'r^'nimij, 
« wnpnrt tif fiyrin. nn ;» biv (imnuiiAMy, fAnn1ti|r tbir 
K^& tidv of Lljp lUy cif Ait*. U wrfjr bfBMD« a 
[line t( ?TT«t >Lir*iu;iii »n'] u»p»rtanots and wka cnn- 
■idER-t llic bulwfirk of S/riik In II 01 it vh Uhcu 
1»^ ikc lint tTUHflun, hnd oinliuutJ lo bo an «bje<>t 

Torkt till Vi'.H. vihr-n tli* laEtrrn^iniiiiiMl ^Um4^t*ni 
It xhoEi fell into dtiir«y, iMvl md« Itltl* flfunr (iU tfatr 
Eud v1 l]]<T l^iL tmlojr. wbait Ahfi**^ I)jeur, thn 
PAchA uf ^iJiHi. futlLtiRl i\ nneir, ud ptufl U bS* 
ttuEfiiiAj. Id Vit& iiiuibldA i^ilUuI Hjornioo 4ii«a!aib 
ill* Fnfnrl) nivim Rnftajrtrtfl^ Aim, aft^r a ntgu nf 
dirt^-i^nr tKri:> vrn<Alh)iap>] bi rrtin* In L'^^'SV it wu 
t4k?ii nf i^r A btr^ nf pi\ itionlhd by ILnihliu I'nrhti, 

■11 rij buklitiAfii In 1810 it WW lubjevtul for (wo 
btiun to B mut doalnHlivo bombarUmflnl bj* ■ fota- 
ItinAt hfituh, Amlrimn, und T^jrVnh !!*■*, wh«i] tt 
m# lAkp-nmtd rmUjrrrl In Ihp^nLun nf 't'lirknj. AU 
tlicH iL*bli.<n Lave mblt It UUIb tvttcr Ituui A heap 
uC luiiiL ]V]j. klxuit l^ODD, 

A^lLUi;Enji.iN[&. iiH^n Cnpa Lingufibtft, b pmnin' 
IVTof uiciant LIrHn, In KiHTumr^ rqAmng laln tha 
Adniiti:^ Hnd f/mnrrt }iy iAe ttfonuiutian nF ttii* 
MniRv Cf>ntiiii]l, 

AtTJboooKjai'nLvB: a itoep t^kp pearly litOo fust 
hicb, orerlmujniic tho cUv i^t Cvtiuili, mul cmw^nl 
vitb the mnnihii ol oM Vrrnrtiin fn^ti&l:Ati^tl^ rtT- 
piind 4 UtEltf b^ ihv r^ntbe nfE^T tlir* i>fiiiitni>aHDie<Dt 
cf UMt fvi'olutJOri. It wu fftrar^ut in wirriuiil tiiu#4 
a» th« juropalii nrdtAili^E nF trorinili. utid mi IM ti>[i 
«tfwd« ■CDonlin:; id Fniitniilib^ a ieDi|>loiif AiiUrfxUtv 

Krvo*, irbich vivi hor<I tv tb« Muiw^ ouil \^ nfU'ii 
ta«inl«Md ia Ufl(«iit wi4t«n. Tht ibf^im f>f Ibv A. 
(f tbkt nf fc tPDh^Abtd <uq«^ 'Hlifl mniLtknMv fn utrtv? 
V*i ■fVLinl tiniw IaIpii vuI ivtHkcm in llin wrir li^- 
t"*!^! tlwfirmikvviil Turkfli Tim vi<ma fniru IjIih t^rp 
bm0^ tb« iDOtfl uhnrmfiiE ui lh« iv^rl'lt juiil iTirluJr^ 
■umau HFlfooEi, PanAHut, uJ CLtlia-ritn-. ihi^ Acr*- 
|4lia d| Atluofl : tlw lilandi oE SLLhEUia uiiJ .'^icih ; 

AOR'miLIi^ Ihff dill l"irnnlr imma fnr tlitf }»nlifai 
|j«t gr ciUuM nf a dty. inLitJCTitnjIy Uiiu r^f A'-bir:4 

0tl9 At\fllJ-) Thl- iHTPJpl'CLa H»f £hrl nill'icljb l.^[n-k I'lL.l 

v*a ■ ■fir«u]7 f orCUU4 liuiK^'^ '.'^■□lEiiimilitij' Oi'j lIf^ 

■aduWlLM villi tvmplM lUid oiin^r piblic liutl'iiiiL*. 
AOROffTK? {'Vrfrl'^; ■ poem, nf ^*'hlc'^ tlif firiif *i>ii 
«ain«linu* tbo Hn:Ll t*'t,ffH of the hnrs *yt ven^ fnrm 
Mima partJunlu vtftiI ur vpjnifl. Thr^ uiJilcJti? Ir^tt^m, 
aJaa^ an nomttiiocv ukiI Fit tbf^ taiiiv pujfHjqc. An 
esinp)« eC Ibu ibnc km<ia uiilbcd maj br i«du in tlio 



h 



I Dkr pimtU fliicvw ] fiLliL ililen «ul 1- 
K K^» Ul-alffU V t^klu l*hi>liil« Vl MFh K^ 

V |tia«nfi)iin aiiiiDJ V .^t |rrTi<«in|t* ir<ut U', 
8 «A« juillUu El w* ^n>E4* <wc UvJ e. 



rnrii?}! »bb«< and tabim. baFcn iht ntotuiioup 
•i*K<«irl tbalr SnHnQit/ In 1hi> cvvnnfwitijin of 

ACTt itt diwulJi- lltvrvbirr , cm? vf tho prl[ici|ia] 
dWS«i«aHAf» i^Ur. «blobL^Lt■dr JiviJuI SiLbtdiir«iciil, 
■houil Tb* utfnnauLt lb«i iid^, An4 Iha ctirtwn or 
th»di<«|»»tnt idlat JUl Ut^vuu Ib» vt: Kciohact 



tjiiiit liAvc: A cniuin aitnp\v\Aii«m In tt«iV. iiail rauiit 
at the iBuiD tiiu» catt^ QaHnl^l■ the uliun uf ^ 
dmiia. At Di\ JuIjuwd hai mou-keii, "Tbc tinw 
rv<LUired by tba f aI>1« «l^Ae■^ fot tW mcut put, ]»- 
cwMn tlifi M>c« : for nf AD miLcb of tlia vrtion tw U r*. 
t^raiQilcd tfan mlard partial diirntlnn la ibf* buik-," 
TlamidrDt Grwk diwov w^rr Bat, slHcIIj tpvAUuif. 
dividixl luto ttOt*, f<ir ihoufk tht Aoton pm|>er tid^bt 
l*«w tb4 itAcrv tlio «burij« etfll trruAibnl. Horuc 
\%yt dowTk tbc nuU'Laowb rvl^ tbiLt a drAsu ibaLild 
Imvt* tii'JLlifir Um hut fiiom thjiii fitii trtn. 4iid iliiAiii 
t^m fiiiuitiir fKiitnlly mllwiwl b>. tboii^K Ihrtv a no 
rxi^uii fur rr^'HiUn^ h wi Abtvlutalv (udlLuJ tu P 

Alt, fTom l^t flfif^f^. lo do, bldrAUjr AomHlbiug 
dfOtf* BbU bcfiirc, aduuithin^ ilaa^ bj ■ bfiolAlive 
bmly, AA lui ^<'r, «f inuliiunpnt. An m^t nf purllamfht 
laidvonvd |iiit]^JuncnD eonAfiMd by(faeK>inni!J|niiA 
■lAtiitfi, iSn Gnat JMtain) Al tka vitm vt heIi 
AnuuAl ttADEnu, the do«c<A Or Aota of |«j|iATuoiit wb 
o-11iKtuJ juto one bwlv, 'vlijcb fonuM lita mttXutm tti 
Unit Hnicin, thu tibv*r^[|kvva(iir<kf vbii^JiafOAhtjunad 
in *T>Anit** ('hji[iT,fri. Ihfiy ojr* qunicl »/icoMlna w 
tbi? you- of ihf iDoran<]j^« reijni. and Accordbif to the 

1.'ilAp1iC|' . 1.^, Xhv AL'L of Atl^FU) Et-Z/rllJ in bUv BttUTUd 

diaiittruf lbort*l,itt* nf tk( y'i&E ^eS^^, tln^iMut y<Ar 
c£ thu n.'L^ of c'lmrlu II-. And ii L|iioHd, SI Cb. Uh 
n !L In Ani<T^a Ih^r" u im unifrntn tno*!* of qunt^ 
Inf liUiiitM nvh fparatciMt l^^lpmpfd a dlntn«t 
■Ututc. GcuDE&Uy iWn acta atv tiUvl Iry thdr dikUr 
luiJ yAt ; uiil. if iijuru [iB-rtii'uWitY i» navaaarf, by 
ths chApbor, vhtiti the i^tnbLittA an divvW lata ohAp- 
t*m. In SontUiiir] nrnrlmnncn pAiatd by thv Ciami of 
Spounn tnt tFia rvgiiltLlKiD of hgnA pm>oortiii-P Add 
inAttCTv tbei^wlh ty^rrwrtftl nrri otlfp'] tfrn of Mffter^ 
lint. Aria ill Gtniuitiy ure iIm rttunln urnl duco- 
iiKnU of Any UiLtLm^(jiu]j. rt^cviklly vl n Uiymiie- 
tn Frifcncr iO»n »ariou> kind* of rlLitunKBt* arc aXlxit 
Act* {orf/r)^ 

Act, Ln tlu univcnibivi. lif^rtifiot n tli«*iA Eurun- 
tftiiml in puMie by a a.nilldAta fitt n di^gwr. Tin* 
jien^n wbki "k^wp* tliv Acb,"iMi U incAlltiJp isnirftPii 
H BvU*>EUtic (IJKiiHiTnij in Idttui bvfcifir n iir^idtDif 
■"iffiofT iJJid with odrtiun r>p]tiiiL'Tnt« appolTiV*! by htia, 
yhv 4-oith][D \M DOW ^iLvnlly Ijltlv aik>h' tlina a bovc 

fLlITfl 

Ait or SETTf-KWlMT, tbfl nanift jflvm U Uix 
vUtulu 1-2 Bibil t:^ UiU, III, L-, a, by wLiit;b tli« luu- 
i»uiiuii tu tlii< ibr^^iiP "{ Uw United Xincdam, In ibtr 
woitE "f King M'LlUua ud Qqhd Anne dyln|; 
^v^lbo11t utiue, v-A4 t^jttled on thv Prlnaft* S^ofliia. 
Kki.'tTf?i oi HntuiVt-T. b»4l llti- hiur\ uf her fjnitv I^Jn^ 
Fr(i1faCimt4- Tli" PTinfl»"« Sfi|ibin »iw Ibe y<niTi((esE 
'lpiiJt:hU-r of tlliabrth* Qunn of BodiomkJk. dBii(;btBr 
4.<f Jaiii?* 1. Sba dl«d before Qdhii Anne, ttliumbtr 
*•-•» tuftflodf^l AS Ocoru:v T. Owr^D II. wu ton of 
C-<]4ir^ I., OtKuvD 111. (.''^■■dhm <jf Ccofi^ l]-t 
i;e<»r|^ IV ir.n irf limir^ III,; MiUiiiiri IV hpothpr 
fpf Cfenr^ FV." niillpi rmr |iTw"Mit aovi-irciirn Quoni 
VktoriiiB llie dftucblsr jjf Edwanlp Duk« tif Kuit, 
broLbrf i»f CipJiryr iV. ami WilliADi IV", 

Act or TdLtiiATKiS ; Ibe iiaihc s^vm to ili« 
ftniulu I Will, unii MuT. c. \^. by vltLr:li I'PbtHtAM 
4ll4ii!nt<?r4 ffH^M thf CKiirrh i>t Kii^lihfiil, ••n lYdirlitiAii 
nf thdr tAkf ng tlin ruth^ rtf frtipreniiicy uiil Allni^Hiim 
jiikI rcpudiA^tbC Ibo dwtrine nf LraiiHuljitAUtijktSnD, 
wtjEc rclic-vDil from lliG>4fltri(}tioiin iiuilur svltii?h lh«y 
btd fonneilj tun wilb ivi^4fd l-t llw uxur4;iiL' *[ ibtir 
Toli^i'tL Af-poHjug la th*ir *iHTi foTTUi- Kiirtbar *cl* 
nf tnfemtKin WfT* tft/irwEirlft pUJBK), Jtnil unw THn» 
t*ntPt^ Koman <:Mb(.Hrji. ahiI Jow» nUko rnjoy nU 
LIlc pilvllrvvb i-f tLi^ touslltutiiiji. 

Acta EnL'LHTomjM; ibofiml UlflTwyjf>unial UiAt 
AI'MUind iu Germany- Ii omrnnnudl in lflP2i And 
«rijnycd a long eiittonop Atid f^iLt pcipiduii v- Atririn^ 




M 



ACTA SASCTOEUM— ACTO>\ 



■ 



t 



^ ^ obiHi VH lo EiT4 • favlbFuJ uid ponivulv 
WAOWltvf book*; «Hli| mHCwIuated ob thtcuue 
plm, «na affw * bctM Urte Id wiD|iaiitii» whI 
pvAUrincIoHnddiH wrulnlruditfvd Eutalilmrv^- 
Qunou in tn* FivniA ]»]ni&ld iiiilfluhwl fnHaOaiiil, 
Tbn Chthui jniinul Ihuaii. hnHmr^ tn flni'linfi 
grvluaUj Id tud« tnd ui (ht ijujuUt of iu lub^ 
KtibBf. p4fUcQUfJi7 fefler ITGij *ntl llie itn^ii^i^ 
of tlB ifptiWiaco btfwie M Itcdth lu (^m^^ UiAt tlm 
ha&Tafumii, for ITTtt. vi* pah^h*^ in l7S:j, cikcLly 

OHDoad. Th* rhvlo wn^itfl tit 1 17 viiliimm 1n tu\ 
iMiudlng tbo nipphriUBaiikTy tuluiuce a.m\ laAivM. 
L^bflili, iu tU* juunal Btit |CB4fl io the worlit lu# 
n>tioiu rn|AL<Uii^ th« diSopftitja] u&UiuLv- 

AcTA Kxsen:iniU; » nun* HmttiniH appU»d tn 
ali I'filt'^inni 111 vnnniilii of niuiMit mnrtj'm mul 
itlao. Loth of tiie Grn?k ■ihI Ikimiu oburdin. h In 
uitiil luuEv putkululy Ad tlw title uf a vgluitutKJUi 
wurk, otfiDpnibig ^ too** ucounl*. wtiivli tna cvm- 
nanoadia UHtUEttiflnof th* Jduila. in U43, b^ 
Jahn ftallMnd, ft Jflluiifif Aalmi^ rhiiil mfu* bia dntth 
HPTLtjniind t^ nthir dlviiiH iif llwi kihi'* ntdnr. kcin^-n 
li/^ tlw OUne of tb» AWAlv'^'jrf i^. rj, Cn iJm year 
irv«» wlieu it tiul iTbhnI M vjIb. A Atlb *oL miu 

|idb1l>]|ixl LD Hie, *Ih>L|I ftflflb lNil]{; ihcii WIMltiltUr 

tfcmdiatfivifoTi h«ticca of patBuv AJAJapMUhflfar %*■•)]! 
Una ubf nJitikiui ouBfltuHT, tlvTiag tu ptowJ <if tho 
pMnMtniknM Chrlfdui balunmn^ un Aiunil iwHrly » 
dN moad KLd tUrd CooliVilf* ; [wrticuLw luuntitu 

ud wcfp ufiBldf nolldplivi till the cIom of tJie 
middl* kC«L HidH tlw Axlh etntiny, naBy votkm 

rtkla. Th« ttntctitlodoollfOtiin«f onxiriAi tr^'m-li 
»■« «dAvJ b^ BaoLaui HoBbdUu*. Ln HTl. 'Lite 
ftbofV'BMuliDiud otflUdloBi bBvc^t. >un>**'^ ^ 

lib HlwwW dUtiA^UIi«d fw -^ M^. ' ^ I I 

tBorfbM IBntfiAtfau, vbich ortll i i ^ 

moat TtlvaiUa •unbonMr^ " ". Jir^i.ir-. if 

tkovby OnhiMofitt ttlio<]>.' i"^ -[<: iL^^uiivn at>l1 

AotWOoi ^ fftbuloui yftoi;, Ihofon of Arlctmu 
•Ad AtioBoM: ■ gMt bUbMr. U« v» turaod lul') 
ft Mif 1^ DtaiM fidT lAoUDjf tm htr vhM aTu wv 
WtUnt bikI "iu fajm b> >iik4i bjr hk gwii dup. 
AbSb a CanuUiUn youlli, killvd )ry Arohioii onn <^ 
tirii tlwUd*! L1L «n ftEtrnfit Id Mtry bun «ff fivm 

Acrtoi <(ur4; i> Una ladudio; |wi'ii1« >uiu ud 
fwbUD ptutKiidiitiL Actios* wii, th«nifnc«. oimltial 

lOTtbBobuiiiai«iitdrij;hl. CItU mUow H« airf JaI 
bM ShJ, panouL ud ndxAd. Action ml UiIm« 
■fca^by * Ptta«Uliu (itla l« landa 4r toMnTUAb ia 
to or fcr lifA. Artifn pamiiul ia bntttfat u|m «n- 
iiwrta, or Injai^ tn pmon (ir lolata. Artiim miifid 
2ka f or ■ tlilag aiDd aaiDii llvi ptmm iriio laa it. 
ll B«U ■■ ubfaoi aoJ A pnutQT tw £ta dDtontuji. 
Uadj psKDoI •dicAH di« with llafr ptvan^ Jtud 
•utvito. In ikll kIiuu toiruly ptnona], ftir 
aiitiuUj nrmmttL«l tiir tli* cMmhIsiiL, tm 
tMtBTT, ibtfi'lDT, Iha Mdna dlca vilb the 
MdnoTrf oau ba nirjtvl oWwr by cr MCfihiaat 
ikeancBMnvrvUn nffna^nUlim. Dul lu avtiuw 
«■ omMmU. irbflS tba rikhl daaocadi l4 Iha iwiV' 
■Mtailiva ■/ l^pbiali^ and tfflaa td Iba dafiBJnt 
kftva neai*«d aOMa h«« tba ifcoai^i amUcMit ■» 
■M¥ir Cb« daoMAit tfamch tba nlta 4btf« ^fif the 
4Mh ol Iba partki^ jot Ib7 mi|7 b* nrlnd a^ijt 
or t^ Ifca auculDA Acm aaliiiii ■« oilhw IkU 
w lrauik«T, AoImu^ roI c« Raisil, hn Um t^- 




conry of tit fivtbiilrl nr fr dama^ dana ta 1^ a» 
to be tmucht iu the hdw onontj ttljBm Uh bud ll«. 
Actions OD ooaliubt or for pcaaattal iujuj^, aiv uuC 
liiuittfJ to a paKioiiUr county. Avtii>it« arc liksviH 

•qiuLiy ETitEtmnaHl, uid »(i<j i-jiiiiLcit briitg thu 4<tuai, 
nr Kg ntiHil, witlmiit Lli« r^tlmr; narvraJ, id CM« f4 
tirtpoffi, &v.. wbpiT jTV>mi an tv be UTcr^Qy 
ih^rv-vi- Erttj tfT«]>afla f^imiulllcd bf maiLj la 

.Vlt]L"U. a ]»romuiiturj t^r^ tb* wwbarn ociHt cE 
I'imiiii, mttiji^ aql on tlm nnrtljiTQ i>itrpmily ti 
AramanriL, intl fiu fnui Uf im^iaiiDa ffT ibv AtiibTft' 
ciantiulf iGulf <if AjU),ht[rn9UDtcali«d Ia1*udI«.. 
I( k« iuiMuunib]'M<iiaowuiiti>f thai[iatiJ WllcftiUKbi 
btf n} tt twaM Antony dUtd UcUvlaniH luiUrvjurla tbu 
tUbfOior Aogutua), HA(jt-?,B.i^. :il, iDwi^ffit of tb«tr 
uTiii«% ■aaiinpad (m Ibp oppmUi iLTLnr™ nf th» Am- 
tcBciaii Gulf. Tbfl furm of ODlflvLania coDfined «C 
110,000 UJWitry, l^DOO oaialrr. aud ZOft tlAya cf 
war; Umk <jf Aiittuy, ul lOCr.OOO Lufaf^tf^. 13,000 
oavalrj', anJ 250 i1u|b uf wi^. Kotwj^uUijtijng lii4 
^jlciiii itf iiA< mciBt •ijn'Tintitnl fjonnnlt t>m>«t ik\- 
UivinniiH hr LatkI, Ant^kny^ qt bTio iiiPiti^tJon nt CIki* 
pAlm. ilcLcmJDrtl upiPii a naval cnAa^^cmcat^ Uta 
Trrvdt aHitaiii:tii, bcnuLifuUii uriiuurJEitol, aud rv- 
iiiark«Udfur LbciTiUiM, Utidm tif Oi^tavUtiuJs aJthDO^lk 
■tiaUL4, wr* aoTD iltilfuUy muiEk^J- ft'itb ftecta 
K"r0 fnamad with thn kiMir>ni i,i i^a ijomtn I'^ikp^ 
who nmilflptwl ft pnLn£:Ll IUp a l4£Ut an land, and 
tlrt pLiLH u furL* whluli nt;ru t<j Lc Btorincd. Tlusa 
uf Aukjuy llifcw fift'EjrujOa mjd luiMik mok^mit 
Irom c*t4tm]u. wHUt thtwc of Ocbiiiatiiiii apjiliad 
fm[i|ilini; u-^n> to Ib^ «}uija of t>in«Leiiij,iLTkfnMiiuOad 
ihtiTj) ^in^n AfloT tlw bfcinDinv oJ Ih'* ImllA, bcl'irv 
hfi.i.-]l4JT>j: 4hv<ia:ir<< lud t^oii tiuot, thi> itiniil ( iw- 
|jbl(i Ihil VpLibaoE^ptlaaabTpi^ulLouftbuiJcmiTod 
^t Xiil^tiy bvJ bmu failed to vat«Btl bii lina, and 
Uub it vri>uU BOW be foaro Uablo to b* brakas bj lb* 
VMoj. Anbnjbdidilf f«Uo««lbevkMkdAodwfth 
hrtloK^pe. TTir f Tliltlilt^niii 1 n iiii iMi ii ^ 
liDvrr«r, v-lthriiitibSLU1njftbntvrviditvi«- Antoajr^ 
tr»ii[M, whiuli vn-tm dnn~a up on tlir ■bnn^ anil lud 
UUM wktt» Muutimtiit tbv fUisht ^^^f Uivu toadtt, 
alt*! mibiu^f aaroft dft^ fur bU rB4uru, wont ovor ba 
tlKj f iii-my. AvsqMqb onlamil the Uui|i]oof ApaU» 
ftt Aj-'Ijuiii. ia fuuiucEDorktiEm vtf hU wrldrv* dodt 
stall til >hi^itanir lunl Mv* Lhn aiAmlaeda Wiick h* 
liwi 'j-^— ^ jud iiH^iuto^i I'aiu^ in '^f ■] ['iitif j fft^m 
of ihU battJv, vbich DwiJ* him maalor of ttu v«hL 
Jlif alfo buQt cu t^* oiwnio ibcat tha ct^y of Kio^ 
|H>Iia ("ullj of vli-torj ). 

At*rD!ff, Joalrii, uiow mialaUt of Kvplo^ ■■* 
hom iv 1337. Iif Imb nuwiiA, vho bad Mltlod in 
BraatH^>n, xtW* |iu Failivr vma pbjrilirjaa AfMr 
bt had &uab«il bii cdkiaativn be vmtanpd tba Favsclt 
DMvj, vhloh b« even quitted lev tl» ^madi, Md ■■• 
•ubM^ontlj emplojod In tba Hpad^ iiiiiwi 
a^BBl BaHArv. in whirb he taviid Ml <9partaiutV 
M dhftfafuUt hii»M'ir. Till- 1«l biw le lb* KeunJV 
Eftn lavT. and Iboi to tlw NtapoUttn ooorl flicn 
be *«[uued (bo favoDr ol <)aaan CWoUnc ll« vaa 
HMxoHiivd/ BiipaiblDd mliitdar «f tbo tmwj, uinMcr 
ct war, IboB diroetor of tba fliumcgi^ Md, flaftUj^ 
prfoM itfi^BtA, In thia afisa ba Dootncted as in- 
tl^iv^y wiib tho KivlL^b ombMnta; Sli VTlUim 
llmuilUni. ami. bj <vBa^ «lth bin, ascv^fted « f>M% 
and hy uu mouu 1j«ijclbul iiilluciKc artr Ibr tofWaa 
id NaplsMb Um naplae^Ua hatred af^nil Fnae* 
loi bnit, Jufiiif tba cofttttnianat of fha Itfttian *ar^ 
to tbvfnnit «iCiikVii^^CiiiM«UTw«, uliiili ilrijiH— 
(4 out dtiadTuiu«;roiifdr for tlu royal ran^, aad 
itfvnGtbrJiivl llje Fraudi |Mnj. Iimu nUcbtbUid 
lliu IWlvnaii w iklkn^nidj fonuni- H* ao^a^ 
p«tU(J Oit kin£. ill 1T^9, vu Mack'* vKp^liooa 



I 

I 

I 




ACTOB-ADALDERT, 



87 



Uki'iM iha FPtZLcb itrmy^ Durluz Av pmctuvof 
Ndion lie WE pmiouiJj yndiai o^v ik* r«- 

liMvi nf riirip-rvnl |iiilir.ir3l ni^ciinna, with u(i|irBab 
dnlpl cnirJty, ■rpgi^ht r>ijt tlrtLnw in all mbkt. 

««anBOVDd in IdOS fra&tht LcLui vf tlio ^f*|^ot^ 
flOB bq^hbdhdI. U« diflid hi 14<|S, IielCaI md tlc- 
tpavd b J il] lorticK 

pftrt br chAmoUT on lIw M^v- Amcdiif (Kt Grf^^kA, 

c&&ruHoiilT, nliv'uiiu iL^tm* lo bcvmur uf iWchuJL 
ooDiftitalBJ iLka frh^lo chUirtamiiUDl- A d«ibniDf, 
wJw jiv><iU4 Liin mibirEiliirvi nf |jiirt>«, wiu intrrvluivd 
bj TtHmpI*. fnp l.li'^ wikF '>f Tktifty j^Aofnihu 
cban^ed lliA <Iac1uiuiIdd tntoihurcrrm of jl dltlotnio 
bttaivuu Iwtf penmfi. Mill tkipivvoki wUod » UiEitl 
Ta dw iiajsbvr tha iflloni m the Cn*k ilrvna >%^l- 
GaJbadf aifiii 1^ Adamm adcptod the janiq nilo ia 
tTfcfffJj. In (nrowiy th» nijrat»»ol moUnw *»* tmt 
KsirtrMd. In modcini liniM Iha DiUDlwr k ET^rnlstM 
Vj ibciukLfvulttwijl«oti>be|i«rf«nDcil. Actrtatc^ 
iu Urn ilfw**, *jn»MP fai lum bni «buUy uLnvtrn Iv 
ihn ■bcuvIHt 10411 or nnaelu akwvft ptfrfonniiif tha 
t*iiut«pUl*, ClivW IL ii uiiita have lint niianur 
«f<«tl ttHlr inibUtj (LppHJHiot In ICu^l&ml; lHiLUi#niki 
cf^imae lliat Ituquoeu u( Clurto* 1. perforui&l In a 
MBtl tbuCm. AciAoa weiu kiiiif uduUfJ fruui ^uo*L 

<HMfiic| an not wanUw lAoajfit ■«?»■■ in modcra 
Hmoil Fnne«,KA^hoI, luly.WkdOanuvr.tavcbad 
many of utbltifuuLhcd rcfuiUllnrt. Al p\c!h:?i)i a^^I'im 
*rft hj^^jr hDii*iiiriiJ' At ltnii» LIlw wittr ilfnim^}, 
Mul ttaiviTnl of lito n^bt nf roHrncri. TL? T'Adnn ^'if 
IbkdkSkTGQCC la, th*t,uaiiTig tbu Onciui, lJiu i^Um 
w* fKcbam fltiiHLfe, EtoJ tbtf ilnitwtio iwrformAnoH 
btii th«r niigin la the tEtand fnbivalii; hnl, anoiy 
tbc Eomuu, iJu! itraina vta lutrvJQODd bj penocu 
bf Uu ](jU nL du»H Ltnuima phvfsn adA |j««UiU cif 
AlcIU. Acton Jhad Actnwu i>^D(flndfd fir » liruiE 
liBa te bv IfiatDi] wjtli tittlu ru^iinl in Frmnst. riflur 
Ihij^lncl been bdmittivl inu^ iri"*\ -i-titiy m KngliKul. 
Matviaq^M nf Rnj^li^bfiirn nl lii^h nuik ^vitb KClrL^ur* 
ftfe not nro. In nonic pnxU of Gtmumy vrtiin wra 
fumtcxly butIc<L JJki; tulvtiia, in ih cumer uf ike bury- 
ing-nouud, a«tntal«l from the vlW ltavo^ lliivr 
VHUtt 4w *a«i(iiitii vliulind thci drsQU^U*? nH mo-y Ui 
■■M boMt me f^ct^ tbal I*a1up, a fimctuB Git-ek ivLrnr^ 
WhiB ha hifl ta|:dAy Ktuctra^i tbi> lTnj<^<iPy«if ^SnphO' 
tUm, nvuta i^vi cf %d urri onitALnln^ tho ubi4 of 'hit 
im aofit b* jt^miiut t1» funcml nrji uf OmM^ 
But befe art ocak'1 fUiil nklmv cnma IbUt pliby, 

Acn vr TUI Al^>WTLe]J: an« oF tha bo^ka of tha 
Svm TvtatMnl, wntton m tirofk by SE, l^uke (j ,v-\ 
tka MtthuP(rf the Goafcl wlitch bcore bL> naua If 
bvddnnDil b> T]K^[thj]iiB.iir vb<>ju iKilbliii; bi knnwn, 
■■d if viliTfinUT iuU'iidBi] an n i^KHintnUiui nf th» 
0«pd wbLab tbo aifl^ur lunvdl caUs bis " Ant biK>k " 
(,ii«l# L I). It bid b»cnL imlTcnUlj iii>i»ii^^ uid to 
HBanHjAlknallolihTtbMiii VT4itoii4.tiLil3of 04. 
hM in urhnt pUot ia dmibtfnl; Jamme layii m,1 Homa-. 
4iTa1>u »iil lAitlnvr tMnb, in Qmce; Midiulk in 
AJtKuiJiiA. Tt aiibTmo<s a paied oif nlntub tJjifly 
yean. tjirvbiulniE iirai>e<tl*le1y afba bbc rciuiT»tioii| 
^■d iAt<eiliiiLf lo Uii? tcDjud WDr of Ibe luij^ridou- 
■iKil td M, ri-ul in t[<im«« Vury little mforraiitiaa 
ta nvio nt uiy nf thr hpxllFH. rvi^-^liu^ Si F-^l^r 
>M St> I^dI, Md th" im^iuntn of tb^tn h« f&r fnmi 
bdof covplote' Tbu tbv bietvi^' -'f t^i. Filer trniut' 
rilh llic iTvlb uf lleruiJ. ailLuU|;li tbat a|ioa(Ia 
k eaiaidwed tn bftva ti^eJ und fimfbuJ tvcnty fuur 
IfiSfir. It dMCnUut tlw galUvrin^ of tbe iufanl 




cbuToh af UT tbe dcaAli tj it* fuuEi Jer ; tUe (iilfilnkiit 
of Uia phJcaSae «( Dbtiiat tu liii a[w«lb;fl ^ (^ Jocent 
ef tka Uoly C'boM; tiit cbUcv uf Uftttbijw in ib* 
plu* «( Judli^ Hnl bafrwar; Lb* t^vCirn'my n| th» 
■(laatlM to Iba i win w au nn ol -Imut fn tTipIr dtit 
cvonns ftttaatoil by nlnkclta uid buITetju^: ihdr 
t'lt^liiiic in Jeruafekfp aod in JiMco. luid afbenrard* i 
to Uiu GanilUa; tb* ODntuu<irL of Pbu], hia Fr«a<Uu 
iu j^Au Minor, Htv^-m, a&d It^ly, bi« *T'iTifM tBl 
Utmun, It4 |t1«Tfi iji |^pir»J]j ut thv hMd ol tha 
KfAvt'rLiixKi, nr bl.■^op^ thr? c[iiitl(-0: but In kjme AI^t?!, 
lb l> fuurd kfUr iliK tliiiU'cu (;i.ib(ili(^ u[uflUi:>v Tlia 
ttj'lc i>f thU H'^rki inUicb Aiu (H-ifjia^Uj vJOJitHEiI jg 
Grciik, i« f»unv tba-d ib^t of ibi ^IHkt fon-^nkad 
vrilirfu; nn'J St J.iil', in hi» r^^intftliniL* irt-nt llta 
i>bl 'rnlAmpbt. jJnmyi tnakn u» nT th« ?SeptDigbit 
itfninn. 

AtT. T.i, CnnrffTOi'Hrn d\ u r^^ouEib Jnnil. bora 
nL l!Lir^v^» in ]£I^7- iliDii at lJin« Jiliiolit lfi7&, Il» fa 
|dindp4Lly luiawn »■ tbi' autbdr-^ « Pvrievi mri^ 
,Vu'iv> IlpMtiihnnimln lirl firnit h%9 dm foi ^naamci 
(Nrtf I'lBcntrryfif thnfTimt llivcrnf U» Aeruwanif, 
MbJriil, 4 fA^iL l'^4l- ^^iily tvih L>DplM urn mud to 

tkJKC at pnvrlil, l\ia HcpHi }lft«LJli- IvflTll finiliTTHpil fnf 

pcljtiwl njiAjDJc Ja Iti^ * TTrnila'i-rn oT ifoe of 
thwD ibln FruHib ««» pubUabtd Id i raK Iflao. 

A(:i'rU?mMUe< an rtftenallQa Ea vblcb the fnmi 
Hob rf nuiUaa u empLoyeil frar ihp ™m of rltff«mit 
IvdM of ibaaaiBlLiim. tyn divuiuitH &o, El U «AKUy 
ptrFiinml, i^f ■• liUb paiii, wun u^Ume btaadlMC 
nor iJiRASinUitMi], and taejua, at tioiE^ uf ■urp'fitv 
cffieavy. Tha invanliai i>f o^apuni'lcm [a moAm 
|o 1fa« Chinav ftud Jhiuiaav, ulmikcqulni mftt afeill 
In Tbo 11H of it, bf pnu4i«tite on x fi^ra rrf wned or 

SihHiHbEord. It vu flnt Ludwd. in Kunsfiff 4n tba 
't^MiiiL'i]r}> tjulluhl Wvii lorkratt«u LjU tome Praadt 
■iiTv^vnv n^Lwd ^l ia iblii. It la jui now hcU La 
biLiLili n^^iuiv. iboLi^li ut attempt faM been xnad« l« 
iborvu* itM alHcADy ly [HinUung it witli elaotridtj 
Bsd salvMiikin. 

Au LmiiLU, uhhI ia niiimf for a p^acmt wboi 
ibe prtuoii^ jX'iftffrui'F ii< at Liberty \m ^vd vav L^ 
Li> (uiu-^-|iiiujii. to i^lum^t lb< lUbuuTD frfjm ^filvk Lp 
iIuWh or Uiu 4»ittnj_<i. xiUtaiit uajotuptuiiinDiil, anil 
tri ruiinifBii hm ilulity in Ih* etfuunnii «! hn fHotiy. 
Th? hn-iD is ofTvn i^knI in tbe fnll tor>re, 1o dfliota 
ihoH puta wbliib an Dot aacctlal *nd m^y be 
unJLteu, 

AIjActo {Ttol.^ ci^picHoi > vlikw laibr, XJvvd fiu1k> 
ttiuitivoty. it rxprf^nv B 'Ion mnvniniir^t, t^fimetlmne 
ilii^ T^'OTxl !«. r^tftCtd U' ■tc'n^tb A (till fTVoter nUfdfr 
tlflu in tb? thnio <pf th& iqqiio. 

Ai3Ai.iu.in. or Ai.DHitnT; a nutn'otif FiMioa, v^ 
|iftm!]iViJ tlie t^uspt-l in 744 nn (Jm Uuikq uf the 
MAine^ Ha u Rmarkible m thn flj*t fi|>fKniciit to 
tbo IntrodUtflioiL of tbo ritoe nnd nnlinKioaa of tiio 
ralhiJic Chtmh into ■JamfiaDy. 11* dared tn aeieft 
Hint tbd n]ii]t)|il1o4li4in rif uunti and n?tfoit htit^ th» 
-\ivsi^'^iM til i^imriuiun. wi-rc iiMTM^r0mji9, Uu tlila 
itLiUMiitt bt «u HU^iiKil *! hi'iiay lif B^iutan^ lEie 
4|]onUi? I'f OofDi^iv^ luid ci'iidr^nincd by lifo councLIii 
al S^'ioeonB (u li\. a.iit\ tt Tifinu in^lA, Haviiiff 
lin&Uy niihle bMw<^f«< from pnar-n, Ikri H inid !*> hu^o 
Wain itiurdrtTul by mjulp pcojiUiU on tho Ixinlii of the 
FuMrt. 

AiJALbKKT. AirldilibitpiiF rmmca uhI HfltnbiK]^ 
a dt^Kcndaab of a prinA<1y hfn^nn cf 8uoriV» R«piviJ 
Ilia oJIkv in 1D13 frmn the ^inpon>r iTcnry EIL, 
whoee ivlation, Mt^Lif, and Fi^Uotivur !» hvbil Ita 
ibmiirppftni^d ik^hx^ Ui Roipt^ In KHfl, »b«Tv be wi« 
JL j1iBtiii^jiiibr<E] ciLiiiJi'l.t^ Uv tlm Phpal rbkir. Pn[>H 
iy^i IX.. ui vibtvL- lidi.hlf Im b^d npnkvD atUwayood 
vf UmlA lUitfi jvadu Idiu Li* kifnta in iho uonfa of 
KurujMi. 10^0. \ia lUjMrvitcn^ul the ohunbH r^ 
Ueiuuftrk, yonruy, jmd Sweden, but luivad U vain 



2S 



ADALBERT-ADAM- 



■ 



U Ik* AlfftHf ttl pqw. or pKlriuch «f th« nortb, 
l>wfBf *• mBOtiljr of Hanrj IV"., vbfl aftirfciirJ* 
fanuM cnipMOf 4 hii iMLirrwd, tatnnofHL vith ffjbniui. 
Awtbirfw ct CvlwiH, (hv £v»^^xn*l>li- 1'' ^^"^ ) ""Jii; 
ffiiWB and tba auidDiilrftilun of Ibu puirMjr. u^il 

l«ii|ao*(i( bii piLplL AAfT U«fdF]r bwl Itwuic vt 
1^ la rvtm. A- <i*rc i —d th* vuwnunnit wiUi^tuI 
cnntn^ In hk muttv- Hfi {rriiC varl «riiiLi;iry bl- 
udnlalnlbrn liiJi»uw1 tbeOfRikan phiji.¥>ii lfj Mri U) 

QDOlal w{«b iKq iiuou noliltik ^bo Uti vhIc hit 
t«mliory, bo rvcorQPcd hb lunDOF pow« in 1039. 
whiflh t* hvU lill hiA JanUi a* *;fuUp, \Unih IT, 
lOrJ^ Ha firKJIfd tib nrPuUiEiipfirLriLii in prinoly 
<1UaUUh, in t^eiiw uiil Sji ilrvut'llj of luiivl: uitJ Lf 
bo Uiul uu^nsail UK^LiuiJtuity. uij n uu< »|ijrjl vf 

j^TAif, whii^h hu 1x411 ifivcri bim, llut injuiiiica 3,tic| 
t /fn i iy *liich <Ui4t'K| hu ibLininittntinn u<'r* mumry 
UitroDHnlAl bi pfndurinp Uie ooDfuiloii nn^l »]»ini 
tk*tawtilch ibo rcitfa«( Jlrnry IV. «w iutUvctl. 

jLAALOJCmT or PruaL k^ Uvs atmilo of I'mvih jiro' 
IXTiAOnofalkihenuuinat^lDrDAii, wvi t<3vakt'<L in tlii 
<Ktl*clnl of Ma^nbur^ btlivnD tlio \<nn >>*;{ uiil 
tiH'i, wid ipTMniEf I Uie HNiuL li4iliAp'4.tr l>airiio ■" 
V0A HtULoiiml La v^lu lofcnvHt (hf Edpliriiiiut* 
frvm pjitfiuilini» Bud Cn intru'UKB uuuuf ilieiji thn 
orJiiiMioai vf tliD Cliimli at R'lnri. DJXDUdHjnL lij 
Xha IruitlnHiou nf hi* |iri«[U khI, ha Mb I'mcw, !>S^, 
■nd lii-04i in (iftTivi-jiu 4t UcnUoHkuo wid Kaiui>, 
HDtil lh<< l^<brniitvE>t. in VLfJi, TMMilbil him. Km alt<-t 
two fbui hft tffelit left thtQii, dJttfiiKUi] with llunr 
lailiuuuB iDUfiiui. lit itluriiuiJ bv Kitiav, ibml hjcju 
foUDWHl itw fimiienic Othu III, to GurmiLar* «?u 
vU^ j[nintATb«bKpti«od,«lGnn,3t dtofLan, who 
«nb««i|iHOt]f baMffi* J£kii^trf flijii|;uy. AfUr*vliiit 
to (lu mapiMtortw «f Toiuvftad VUtvy, b* prarwJoI 
to Unavni to t&Me Beladui^ Diik* nf PnttmL; nrnt 
btiiiiE InfoncDd Ui4t tb« BvLstniBiii illJ tioi wlih to 
«■ wm N9|d- ^ nsolvcd w> con'rit iIil- |d|;hui ul 

I^Wlhk llul br I'Jal hi> LUd iu tlio bVb'U]|jt, tri;iii|,- 

murdvrvd hy « ftvuiuit. Af nl 33. 1'C;, Dur vhkt u 
BiHi FiBctiMUBnn. Hw IkkIj uqii taught ljy Bol— i- 
taai, fur iU «iiitcht in ci'hl, anrl h*s-viit fjonntm fn> 
lUiiunKiuLou* povtT. lU iDflucnn^wu frwUr than 
ihMof IhDiKiut blmHlf- Thr UirhriiiJHiiB, who Ik ' 
im hwl nfu**d la ntJiAva ihe urliniuiw* u( lKv 
churdi. ouH' ■(ilTurwl thotn to b* mtnduv*] ijivi 
Pnifua. no 'Ak »>pIli tttodiUmi tbU Ibw DLiruuluui 
lanm jibvuU bn uimiififmt to thitir dij, 

Ad^K. 11» biiUAT (if ^lur firtt {vmuU AJuuuiil 
Etc. •■ wnWnad 1q ihi? rjkity uhngjlrn <jf Gebfaiih ii 

mScLmlly wUbuowa to vneptw. 'IV HabK^ 
HUB* A. usnUEai lb« Ed«B of r*lin^ uf cdour, ami 
■Ihvte ■pnuvattr to itun't mgm fimm thi* itiui t.i 
thiT ffmnH- In H«li ndlAwjA. A, li nr>t atninly ■ 
prwr DBine. biil in a (Ttnerkl tonu for uuui, LtUiv 
v*c4 *Imi to iuetudc Hutiiaiip ■■ lb iitu- >. 1. 2- In 
On. jL 2S. ^Ia«fd .\- Ik r<VL'<^"i^ iv Ppf*liin(r, h^ 
«ffH tbo inirdt b«A Hid liAu fi^r ti^iui unl v<PiiibFk 
Wr ftn* ViUt thtA imtn wiu mnil** in th^ Inituv tin\ 
lAuBB o| God. u upnakka vhhdi fannoi tetrt in 
loJUL^tonD bjl to ibe icArfiujd HAtoiv wiu whkli 

■MB «■■ tBllDwd, Ukd which JAvii}}j[aJ tJtIht of lit* 

Onstor. Th« ami* Kt#t in Flat- Hawr^i. im^ni 
"Ifin^" fjr Mlllhp"IU«L ' "IV ntHilir^n -i th* 
Q«ihaB( Kflfti. In vhiob A »nd Kv^nra p14jtiIh 
hm fivm riw to much diuuiidun. hut no toruiniy 
wm H anifnl si r^curJin^ U. Hih lyiU'Lib bunitirr 
to vUifb A' iritiL ill ihfKV irtiuii llr* lh« lilkmr uF hi« 
to«BiV*"^<*i ■■> »Uiw tha inrlHUUn Inrlt lut ofMn 
Imat rrtnuk^l A. Irtvl to Ih* b^ of ft30 j«Bn ; 
n LhAl tb* liUDMtUto ilHUt wiLb «biclL ha wu 



^iiy Aat tbM Mtvat ibB«>Ml thou ih«tt «ur«l j die **} 
cfiu«t boimdantoadBBthtifMlBBl rtnath of fehuiiuiDn 
FrrjfD Ood- We bta toU thtt )id "Lufki Am* wul 
i)4Li^lil«^" ^l of Ui childna wly Uiv thtvQ na 
Calu. AboU aaJ ^th ftra iMntivMd by auke. la 
th« TaJnijd tbc dmpl* namUvfl of (lie Billo ia 
fvppJffiDODMd by maaf absurd IWU. Wa vc Ibw 
mbi thbt Irod cPTAiad A- 'ml id thflduat oF Uia whnbt 
L-krth, tlui hln hmtd Mudvul tfa» haBtnu, A/irt ihax. 
the qplL-mJiiiir^ bb oouaUskbOT mcBfdf I ihiktnf Uw 
4UD. 114 vrm ta itbifOl of divad creu to lie ui-^cU 
■Ad ill rnMUFH muo hiili to vnnhjp biia, Ip 
ords to ifcctv hit BJigbl to Un MigalB Uod nuHd 4 
Jn4p ulArp fj) hli uptii^ A-. during vhirh h'* twk (mrn 
ikU hill itiriiitinTH a i*>rl4iiL pnrUnn^ bbut diiEiJnlifalrtjE 
hiH imriH^itftr bulht Injt Wvint; hl> UhIj o^UiiIfIv Sii 
ifeU It* p&ito, LULbfa ii.r. uiuliL>|rliiuikiiii}. IIjq iiiuLhcE' 
rkf tlu iJfldiiMia, w crutul 0* * wife to .V. bcfvn: 
K%iK but tbt M TioB bun tbrau^h tha vr. Mtd Rvu 
«»■ t)i«n mvaCtd out of civi nf Jii< riW- Sb* «vb 
tmiiicht ifl A ii»li-ndM1y bdoniFi). hngfU dcMrndBd 
fiiiim huftvm rmJ |Jiiv«l uD coIolUI bkBirumonta, and 
tun, uiixiUi UiJ ftan iIujaU tX the uu^jUa]* i^T 11k 

(HJf, Uml tJcj«C<l t^dti, JUl'l (HHmptllLJiAi fopMt ir»||il 

HrvTil lip 1>] thctm nti a tabl« itf pn^rioiiB idj>nt; tho 
vffiiula hwlnj propm^l by tho Mi|ffU. J'hM* gJnfy 
and biL|4pini>H moved l\wt UigvAi to only, mil ?Bm' 
iniud tuux«lid Iu oiiiajiiif the fjiU. A. atliI H^v 
WtfT flow diivim Ijirtn Fiui^wv iutn ihd |t]aoi 
nf 4u-hn«H, iui<l wanilrTiid irr-m wnili] to «-arM 
till thpj HLnie to thp •"vi'nth. iJifl imc tbnl wo nmr 
tuhfihit Art.*rirHlnff to tbi K«T*!ri, (iorj fTHdod (Iw 
IhhI^ iif A- "1 dfj- tUv. mil hU t\Aiii *if pu?e IIp»^ 
ALL (Iw Ab^iLi >liEiiH«L hjta rt'wnriKv vntcjift Sbliit 
vEit? WMi th«iii:f»rii iLiimt mib dF lW*dw Vid 1m 
abndfr £iTi.-n Co \. Kv^VMcmtod bi ibli bc4toftJy 
]>w]Im, Ktdi* ouC of rvvprL|>« Bnlund tbcm, mad 
tWy woT« tbanfoTv dtvt li^wn ii> tho cvlh uiJ 
■■pnnwd From nkoli n1h>T On A '■ ri«pinl4iin*j Gcd 
bibi pity oti bim. Md vut tfat- ^rfhta^t GaT'hd to 
iutlrui'b bliu iu thr <liviiiF opiiuuajkIb. ohkii tu'iot: 
fftithfuUy f-iUijT'tiJ fur £0i) yriLr^. t|o a^'ui uift C*« 
on ^pl^Mint A-TfcFuL irj.r,) Diiriii|f thu tJme Et^ livol in 
k tnit Ml thcj Kilv iif tita tvTii|Lk4i -if Mk^'ji. jjiii Iw 
wim tiuriml tin A1)nkLEH, k innijnl.iJTi iLmr ihi^ inmr 
piv:f, Hen Herbohjt'B Hif/liothtijuf Onmfatr for 
iijAji;> luiL k'j^-ikiij. 

A^All ^af Sreiiicti^, c»tif« of the cii.tb*-!nl nf Rr^ 
tneji, aiid»n mdcfiti^hlu {''bn'lii^n miui.injtry, liird 
toni^JB Lh* <-]iil Mf tiif Mihiwitiiry liu vivkto an 
J^rrtftuuiittti //i«r*iry in fniir 1ii"iV<. vhiah tro«t* of 
tJir pTO]jii^UriiL uT Ltu? ('[irui^u fiLiUi in the Xnrlli 
fmin 7S'^ lu 1072, 4»ul whld* hM (JuLilifch^l *! Cojitt. 
hnfcb m 1£T0- It i* the only ttivtwoitbT f c<i« «J 
tlut dny tciEOK^iof Iho hiat/try nE the Nnrlh, ll« 
iiiti irrolo {*/ifi^nity<tjiAi4t J<^<ii>iliaitriif, i^nhbtho't tn 
Iffl:-, ^^'0 

AemUh Aijxj\mji;il LL-Iii., »m ciiilm.-nt fntS' 
tnjkHui .-ui'l wiiLf uti lli>m)iu >nlJqiiUjc^ vnv bnm to 
MiirAyidiiro, in 1T-II. nf humbla [:*npl*, whi^ Lov' 
ij<v', mntrivpil to ci*o him ■ gt-txl i«luHtioiUd }|* 
r^iniiPTd trt K<biihirTyh In IT'iH, trhoiv. *'t»ri>nd<^ 
[fi^tiki.- gFT&t hnnlihljv In piwtiiijni- h\A tuiAim, be 
LmAmr 111 W<H. iirtul-niAater of W'iLpou'n HifffUtaJ : 
.-uhLh in irflf*^ netnrof il).- biuh-i-^ltrxk]. In ITTAliV 
piibllilxd bit T-atiri >;riunniUp iindnr tk> ViU» f>f A^ 

»i«v« coDtUkr«h|a iHv^t. ud to in«[J kdiptod r*r 
Ci^^rldQitiwnwnfunof Tiothluips«i:«a»t Uiomitw 
DtiiR, Hv ilBO Qonwih^il Jtr»rrm Jnti^Hta. IfVI* 
.-wo, tlnf inH-k by Whiub h« b novt widvly known, 
tJiouch it li DOT lb • urnl tHttnin npurdtd; by 
nun PH«Bt fcMiliiw; ^Hflvmnry ^ CnfftfMy ami 
tiiUoff, iTVi, Aim- tTdMtaf ftU ff n p k^, miul kii 
abrklgad dMiurufy, imtttM Ifcicau Lttij/Mi iMma 




ADAM-JLJUiJS. 



S9 



^ 



W 
^ 



(Vn/AjE£inniiai. fiT<^ all nl vthii^h Iwcun* r^^mbu- fa 
^hnola, H« wfL* % hbtni in pnlitH^m; «■■! 4L iIhi 
l»[Dmannnni^Dt n/ ths Ant FfDOL^b rrrit|i];inn» t*tfni-d 
i^bmU mitan £U- will by «pf — W lu4 «>iu[>«itty ik^Ui 

hon bun up Sfuut tito voUIcmI tuvlUily ^itli wUi^b 
h»hnH tnnoitlvriJ, HailMldf tifi€]|fjf ly in ISllli, niul 
«« hiiOft"Tr«l with ft |iiihli[j luTinrtl Tli*> icnniii*! 

purity ol fiunncpi frtid lUigk-uisAt o| Lmrtj 4ili] ^-Tv*t 
poaitfT of AppLimliun In ktu*!/- 

oF tti^ irthoifiilujy, wuftouitf dT MlfwljL, Rnturpn 
lAIfi uiU 1020 bo pobUBbcil f«iir vnls, of Liirt f/ 
■Mt^fttrvTHJ -V<'U l^ca? WOK ■fbc;r*v&njii |iriiitu't irJ 
jqaa roL (oJl?, nt Krukftrl; unil l]]L»Ui,'LL udt sMy 
■ litUu. tuT« beaa muali uk4 bj mbiiv<^iKTUt 4»ilvu- 

Adah. Ropeht. tn nnkivnt uvhitocl, Au bnrn In 
^BdlnboifSb iu 17-A. Ho ^v Clje KUimd mu ul 
TUUfttn Adwn. of MjuTlfurjjtik Fifnl^m i^i arcbitcLL 
*$i •on^donililn FcpLitAtLDik. Wliilfr xl the vmvoniLty 
S4tsbmi^, lia fnmaoil mtinufiiiM and fn4>iidiilij|iii 
iMrtiAgvuh^ men, vhi<>N nntfthi^l tlio wikir co 
hli ffliurc BmlPDncc In 1/^4 fav tr4*allf<l Ui tlti^ 
Cuofciirifutk iLUidd ft rujAifv tv SpbLuiv in PaliuiitJik 
uid midid bhrM ynuii in Itilv- On hi< roturn hr 
■M apiwinlttl tfabhtiiat ta tlw ktin^, &ii ntljw which 
b* JrtU foridv ino-T*. whnii h# ntijfitd it ti> Ipcootjio 
Ammiiwrftn Kinmu-Ahtrplti tht Brltith pitrSlitiaDiiL. 
In 1744 b(t (iiiUiiliul ft work In liv^u fulin. »imf^liiu| 
«Ui pktHt viiULlmi Auiji' 'j/ f/K PitUvt of Uit 
Mm p trr j f I^eJalofly tit Fp*iiufv^, in Jhilwuii^ Dy 
lUft Hmh, Ld oonjuDOtJnn with hie bnrthor Janua^ ho 
cvviotl OQ bQ ataui'* piofAHLouftl liufllaa^ btlBg 
ULn^b pir]|)Jiivrd by thft Kii^Ei^tt nuhlli&y wid gwntry 
lb E-jirutnEcaiiij^ Eiuitifirii %nA flmlnfllbuiiug undnit 
iDftiialonL Id 17T3 bliv biMllwn omuDvnciDd to pubv 
likb iu umubctn Thr W"ilt i» Arefi4ffvtiitt v/ fi. atid 
J. ji^9M, wUoh cuuloia niuuv L'loi^ifciit and i[j|cibiliJ 
tfiBpiL Bc/nrv Uun bhvy luil iHvulfil tho tiiLu itruc- 
',t09<B calUd UiH Ac]a]|iUi HiiiUlin)^ m Loiiil^tn An 
flpedroMiit M AdMTL'« hri^filUicrHi^n? in ^^CfitUniL, w? 
uifty ittditiou ihv iCrifla^r Ocflcr Lil Kdiuljui^li iujiI 
llw HuyiU liafuujaiy in Glu^i>w. Bulvrt AduiJ 
4wd in liQ^t aiti! wna Lunnl iil ^V'LttEuiiiatfir Al^bcy; 
fcu bnUiDT JiifiL^, wild Wfti 4I1KJ eiiLiEiual u Oa 4rdii- 

AuAH.VTiT^ Sw nr^tnu^'i. 

AHAMAKlj'fiL^l'AK, uitoLiv of |ieouliftr Liut]ncAi» 
ftppmocliiiij; to tltAt vi l1]C liiALuoiiii- It vr ilJ cut ;:I(Im 
tuEj, nnJ mark rtck-orpt^l. Jt U Bytivaymaia 
«d£b tha o^nmdum if. r-.) 

AniU.ilrA, r>r h'TiMKtHii, ft IcingdnTD nf t Wtnij 
AfdOp tctwHn \ai. C ami 11^ N,, ckni Lm, 11' mid 
IT' J* MiM-ili of tLo ftuKaiie in m^iimtniiiiHu, nnd 
How the ixblm JVIcPijut AlrlautikA timx Vj tliu Itni^^bl 
of nOOQlm 10,000 F^t. TUnnnciiiil nTf^ftrvlhc 
lifiOUTTg HiH ilM int/utnry Um I'ar^. Botb rivnra 
iMf* ft itfVtig rnrrpntH rnijii<l(UA Upu'^ tm^iU during 

lltt ntajr MwoD, ftiid vo fun >if ^rocrkiilut. a i.<nat 

pATl of ifao fxuiiliy 1* vuvunid willi tUi^k fonralm, 
Ibovsb lbnBfti«alv v(Ui(invn and Hplciiditl piyiCiir« 
hmJiaad dultintoi) HvMh. Tht nfttiro inhftliiunu 
■f* bdutrioiH ftod iotellinnt. but Ibaf hnvv httm in 
> ggK* maMBTB wtMno'l ty thn MnUfimmtdftn Frl- 
Iftliibi, mha pTMMRn itiniinkonilili] kUpuk. AUvci and 

Ai>AlllTM; tbv iwbv cif ft Chrl«ti*ii wvi, w) to 
tvvotitod In tho ■tdovDltkrjj uid frkuoF a buruJ 
«( bflVBila whloL In IIUl appunJ in Bolunmft, 
4htrin^ tlifl ummnLiant i>ccA4iifiiid by tba diwthiifv 
«f Uufti. TJwy Wtfv >D uftUod bciauiw buth awUftod 
vrvuuu vTvre uid tu ftiipcar iuiIiliJ m tlitir uiviilIJu.'** 




aftbt Cn irniiftl' A(t»zi in thi >Uit0 nf inno^vncV) op 
fi {irnvo t1i« annlml wbUJi th^j pnarsipH nrpr Lb<if 
puilrrji*. Ilitr tnuUlinn rvifvallntf tbp runuiv inot 
»( tliia UHW ft|i|>eftn W hftv? W iU uriviu iu h uua^ 
ol deryob fflnn to lb? Cftrpoortttiftni of imUAnnb 
fvputftUuD. t^ tfnchrfict,) llu ftHOuntft a| tbft 

Ijiiiitjr. Thnnm wrti* ftint ftdlr*! /*Ji-»fVjt trrnn thn 
fiiunueroT tbfrlr owt, I'Lcunl (j^i'liixpi ftliu St*!f'ur*li}- 
Tbi-y ftpppimJ nlwiu Uiff vnu HJl Lujnij iiiliuLd in 
i^liD riv«r LuALUio, wfacm ififtcft ButpriKd tliaiik bul 
wfti not ftbli to diMny th« wbt*U todtn tn tfau fi>] 
Icwin^ f iM tbftjr «R* vMflj tpiHd nrar ib^mU 
ftmt Mcmvlb, ftnd vpedaliy boXH Ky tTi^ llnHdiM 
(vhitia th«.v rrteipblBd In Wrvd Uiwjuib ibu bi«- 
fkibyt li-^iiutci tUoy wjotlcl llm djclriim of tnui' 
fiijInLaiJlutiuD- Ilii'V ml wst^m fitly fr>rmed cue ■"ct 
wElb ihu Futuiuhint; 'f Hboiitu, nho h^if iUfnpiic^ly 
ti«wi] fVihlmmdHd vlth Ihcm. 

AiMM^ pl<kl(T'. A rllitlngiilthM! pftlrict fit tilH 
Aii;vfii?uEi HtvuluUoiE. wju Trorii ml Kinlnliwo, MftHft- 
':liu>utK Oct !*>, 1 Tfl&. Ivinu n ileHinidjint rnUB nrlQ 
<ii IHq fminilKM Mhlrb IniiiidLkd ihnt oilinnv. In 17&1 
Ik* w*» mlinibtnj t>i l|ii> Jp^jrw "' lAmoter-ut Invi, 
AitA \hcTtly nfT^ruArd* wd* pinoi-d in tb« pomBaiion 
ol ■ fiiiftU Undrd QtULit. l>y Idft tnihr^t Amnu». la 
lTfl4 Uu m4i-rit-il. utd ftlHtul 4 yvat iftwrvftnla b« 
iT^iiiuvriJ ti> BtnUjb, irljetv bq pnctlirilbif cr^'aiiW 
ta an iKtanalvc imJ*^ ftod publUtod in Uu SmtM 
((u.-*''/- ** \ii 1''— IT nn Cftn^m ftml Foudftl Layr." 
w|t4<li Hm,n. f.-i.nmI.'iI in L.i>riririD. It iwuui Itj Im^u 
|>fi>'i] r.lir [timeumI i.lnji'iiL <if Uui ftitthi)r'i? IIiIk wc>p1( 
U> uftUriuiiit)]. VI fju- .-H iiiwIUh* Lbn vi'iii:^mtlvn of 
his eoimirjnjou f-r tbc imtltutJdiJD \ji Eb^dftod, by 
hotdbif up to ttnlr ftbLorrcnw iho prinoipjco *ii (bv 
oftBUE Had iuudftt tftv, uiJ uHitlns tha ajditem oC 
ft niupirfti^jr balBnon diutnb ftnd Htftta far lbs porpcA 
of fippiHBing tba jHinplrv Hfl Ent^iilotti* tlm umiU- 
oieJite of Ec^^iinfl libern. u *?M u the Dacadty of 
ixiODflt infoimfttfon vu tbr y^it <if Id* fcUuw^Ljliu luv 
Lu urdtit tb»l tlify bitUt hn prryttruA to uhctI EUid 
□jiunLoiii liiDJF ngbti Xy iLircu^ il form vbculd vvm* 
Ix-rcinv nea-iBMiry, it wiw mil**d n w^rk ininmoiiUy 
fAkiiiint'"] til 1*1 Li t(? Ihff pcditlo r>f Alnnrin^ to muEit 
»\ 4l|] iKUGunln nay iji5rid]ji'jii?ELl nF iLrir UlH^Ttiin, Iu 
170^ bt wua A[>poEEit4:i] (.'ItnLnuui uf tlm vojijmitltu 
L-huKD by ihfl tswu of Bd'turj for tHa puip^vc ol 
UrtLwmK up infttmciiuos \o Ihtir re|iruc(it«tivM to 
Foniiri. IIh> l1Tl4T^a'^1lm«nte nt the bnlish gnvcrrtTTLeiit ; 
Uid VMflf^cl^l fnl77r» ti-t l^^« >™i"lttnre nf his i.totr, 
u uEiD uf llic n|>rovntaLJVfB irf Uj? tuwii f( EkaKiu^ 
Ili> GDihliJUk in Ihia lic«^' ilfcuAUuD di>rilA*ccl Uw ajLiUD 
pftlnotbm, CaumfTc. ftUd h(*tility I/j iio dcai^fuii *{ 
the lODlbsr odunlry by (vbicb lie luul al^^'IlT^ Iwwn 
[lLiitingUL-hL\^ Hrt Intik x ^wmmt^t- pnrt in *vTty 
public meA9UP?^ and wivl-iJ oa BvvcrftI oiiminlttect 
Hbi>ilreA' upauuiuuf llu: lauat inifnirtftLit tiftte |M]icj» 
crf the Ci^iit, At the |KTJi>l 'jf nvLiiiiiuj; him icul iji 
the natinbiJ o^uEiffUh ta IT'd hoitililicH ware uitivv 
bfftnavd (.ti-cnl KritJilD md tbu cnlnitiai. But thu 
nhjiv^E nf the to-^ti^r vtr u yet iii*;r«1y f,*! miHL thi> 
ftutbority axfiLiriicd by tho pftrtnl roimtty Vi hnpoiR 
UmvM «i*uu tloin at iilHiwiiift. Few priiunB ciiLei' 
Uiiii:d tlm iclc4 pf jv JiBFoluLiuii i.if iuuriirr-1jii:knj ^cry 
fcv» «iroD «f tbo dcJu^atiu in 4:(kiif^'R»*. kgQumd i> 
d»«{r« ll; hikl ivinring ihoic few Jobn Adamii wftn th* 
foivmriat. Simh n itrp wrw iiii|>fi|iiiUr, Ai Mnn na 
lirt Wtf audj^cKKl In Fhilodrlplila ol l»k|| >n adTD* 
cftbi ft llio mnufiLT. he wu rcpiiAimlal iu bbaawiK 
^Ltn» liflit. m]4J even {wintdd oA wid a*Bkd«d in tbs 
AtroDU. KtiU, bawovDr^ ha pnpbrvsmd, nwds nvmn- 
4iu pri»cdyl«, xnd Mny A, 1 77H, mnvnl in (iDi>ier*«< 
Ik ra«oliitioiL wbirb wm m fni^t a virliul iteduiillai) 
(if tridtip^ndvuccv rrcuoLiiiuQdirMf tu Ibflculudtfl '*b> 
jtdiipt Bucb u ^ijvtntUjE^ut cki tvuvlJ. iu Ui? upUdon c4 



» 



APABfS-ADAH^ PKAK- 



ib« nprMAtatina «f lh« pKplt. bial fAulun to tha 
t«i|fp1iHa and lafBt^ nf ihi^r rAwitflumU Hid f>f 
Amcdok" 1U*p*vTL.Br»irii lufd •tattjEla.nnliiv 
laOLuf «b«aua#iD«lh, vtJ *v tl» prdiDle to Ifaff 

Uvoj L«* of Vbf&ilft ou Iha Tlh of Jnd* faQaviB^. 
■nJ ^trnoAfi bj AdtfAii, "Tlut thm> iiniU^J ntliini*^ 
ATP, AniJ rif litfM AUflit lo b«. fraa rLEul lmlr4|H<nr1t?iil 
^Um ; that Uuj m atwlrvl Fnin bU ^JifeWKv to 
iha Bdliih orcwiip And ihtA idl jwUtloiJ minwotkra 
btlwicu tlicn flbr! tli« tlaU of On4( Br^Ulii Lt. wni 
of rigbt «ug1it to (hi. f'lt&Tl^ JiMr^lK^I." Tltc iJabklv 

OpOQ tUlRUtlrn] Wl^fpf Uiri Tllrwl Hiiiiiiat^ii I T'lukHf Bof- 

On Hi bdu flaftlljr «ilaplK] it ii-b fullfmrfxl up by 

TbftiCBrfoUiiViu lUa fptAt BWWi Hr- AiluB 
wBwJiJ idih Pf; KmABb I» Ibo o«art Bf nMdO 
Ml <tri(ir t4 iwjTDtiiria • tn«lf of pMe* idd >ni*no»L 
Ko v.'u Hfurw^rlii nomlutid plmlmentfiujr In 
H-UIuhI, will tntkUiHull;^ rbiBtrl^^utad bo bivtvn a rtip- 
MTD bfflv««n Uw UnlMd PravliKVHid GpMt ffamai^ 
tn 1 785 bD WW ApiKiibtod Ibo tot KdalMfitr (» Lowlvn, 



k 



Iho Ant *ioff-piviitili4Lt f^r thn rtiilnl 
tiMtea VOd/C the upw trjiiatUiitt'iTi, Ukd rc-dwiM in 
nth ui IfMn tif *Iin.*lu/in] tlic dulina irf liia uJlicd 
DBtU Ifwub 4, 17^7, whcv \ir ■UL-woiiril io tins pnwi- 
dro^, iBfffttctl t^ Iho nwi^nticiii of C'cnorbl Wvh 
ingtofi. Thi* B^^l mnn'a i^rtntS^Uni^ hi* pnuHwwl in 
— MilnfTit iljyn^i* Hn'l wiiHn"*«ii1l'-l ttvlitTTi tu nrfjTi 
M AOJ momtcr of the n^ln^i. Hit bJmlniitrntloD. 
bonTv, WM aol vf long CMuUnumuc. ■■ it iiU<ui>l 
amlAm of IIh two gnl |wtiBk vUdi JmJvd tbn 
miutttj. A«KHdm|^, sftAr hi* tdnn cf Fimr /f«n 
kA4 Mplp>d| Wr- JvDRAn ihhicimwImI htm 

ft latO M «ai dftftad ■ numbor ol Itui mnivii- 
ifM to BiTin lbs utf tJluiOoQ of hk itate^ «d duBDu 
tM fmUmL TUi bdnur fao vim Qonatt^atd to 
4«Uia« on *«vant «f Id* InAnaltiva tud cfMt ■£*, 
bviBtf Ibra <£ f"*** *^> ^^ ^ Att«Dd«d i£d (waTfln 
llHia HI -rtoHT VMBbv, Uk UfV tf Un i Mm to 

Cid MH la Bidaivrwitad liBiBiiinillj. ntt tiw 
DfMr. taSS, wltMbvbMlMhuilui, TTInt 
U tvfy MmfiiU*. b* dM cb llv huh" [fAV«rli]i t\w 
ex-rraUval JcUbnoa, Wntf tht E^^ vi>«r 'iT IbAt 
JbB«K»a (■dcpflmfonvt wKiph tb«y bhl t»Ui to ;n«t 

AtUWi^Juirv Ql'inr, ton di 111* f^vm^r trirl Ainth 

VH bMn In MaAAclmvUA m 17<I7. AVhm « itvTr 
btj be «i)M»|titiJfd U» hlhtw to Kniwfv* wl ipuit 
■ pvtf put of Ul jvuth, Unt at PhK lb*n iiA Iha 
Hiffv^ wd [hUj tai Ki^IuMt. Darto^ hb latiWo 
p««dtflwy h* ««i Hfil >■ fcmhiwifclnr to BivUa >nd 
ABUt MTt gt hb tin* la tn?4UDff thioa(k 8n<^ 
<d whkA b RmtadcMfffptioii fna ■mUoI iMtan 
to hia lidCm. vUcli «<■« paUiibad vtfviU Ibe 
writoi^ kaovWK k k PbffaUa^Uft tovMl oOM 
*o AvI^K*. Hb voUttal vto«« ««M Ik p^tort 
Oitaa Jftlbni «f bk iUte- Md amrAivtr ^ 

tow of Wl»h»«> to 1b« BBlvMlltj dTBAfOrd iu 

«—■»*■ BtH lU «n>l ilrg^DU flf lb* f^knlvi 
pull-. Nit ttitn rotonwt to |nll1irm, and »t a lai-r 
twti^l p™t**fad ai wpitor ftrnw lUivtoto to WmIi- 
Ugtaa. ll«m bt vdnadj «4«iitotod tba ftovB «J 

^oMJrb^Rvl^tMMaDd altocM^TwM^ ^ 
HadiM^ «to> intAtoi a> ■tohi>-|liB^Dttolfcry 
to BM^a» aik€ l^ i daHly to SD^twL *" 1*1* 
^ took fMi vHb tba Atotftaaa «Midato«in Mt 
Gbai to BwaHMtof pa«a Tllk «h0 nmUMr flgiBiir5. 
tTadv Ikv inMtoqr of H «tt»v be UcaMt *MKtoi7 



of ilalio. On Uonroo'S TrtlrnnaBt he Mp1»d tolte 
biiiunir at luiiig lid tattaawtr, knd »ll<ir » Uhvi and 
clow c^mlnl tt'tik nrix'ral Ju'kvn. i>u rintod 

C'dut in li^, 11h pwfcion, Lowtri vo* tor 
Mvlabk. Ho had tniMaUW to alni)3Elo wiiii 
dcnucrablo maJuriiLH^ ud llMMgQ ho toads mviy 
HroTU tJj ^in p<^jiiiluitv. b> bM odj tollad todb- 
hnn Ol* htuilihly of bkmlvanarifa, liot gnaA^T mcilvd 
Ua aflkScm ud i^Dok tht ODoAteca irf Ito Ucaib 
nowHiodBoilDd brJaekHQln l«a,iftd Mkwd 
to Idj atoto of QiitoOT-, to tito miMatiAieed «< 
Jtortoo. In U3D ha «tti oCwtod 1^ hai ditfi^t 
naiotur nf th« HooiB «f Rapn—afMiTa^ luitt br. 
cam* A d1iiAiii|fii{iilK*d Ipidor nf tfti- Alml'jtlmifiit p«rtj. 
adivntioc the vAiwe tJ Uw tlA'i nillj *it oUlfctj ami 
aoal vbla^ ihoDjfh dcootcd br ■utoio oaonHiv*-. w^a 
Ufljbt^ boooorallv to him, botti m a poUlkiikn raid » 
man- In U4S ba ifwmd DOniittoiaUa pUu^iit- by 
pn-uinTin^ 4 nntitiiin fut U;i< <)iMapTiiiJnii id th* tiaimn, 
thiiiph hli fpfijfiTl na* nnly In molntvln tbo rlghl of 

PiUuuii ill Lilir abalrmut^ Uv lUtO at Waahtoir^^L. 
D^uvy ITlh, 1HI«. lie v-u uiiL- of Om aUt-t 
^linerioui itotoiniiB of lEa« nM ■duntl, uuj 4 ikiEfu) 

Adaufv f^W-'lcl-. a rtm&rliikljle lu^ii cojuiMtad 
wjlh AiiwriuiJ ttotoa^muuJiiii JIu whi bom ia 
lIuiliHi, r,&,, 3u|>t. 2;iJi, i;^^, Hud waacduotodat 
llars'Jinl (-rpll'^o, WbiHii bo Uink tli« dofna af 
MA m K4^ ho pTitjHiH^ rhr fullmrinj; ifncMttMr— 

tnu If tlio ^i^iniDODVtfiJLh ^^aiinol bf tftlunfaa pi<^ 
KTvodl" Hd uuvnlMiucd tJiu atnEtiiAliti*, mod lito 
cvLllcfiato aaBUH furrtiiili<i] s iiry la^ifit^Jil ladoc 
to bin ju tn qy w t pdiijad «anar. Ob Jwirl^f iha 
naivimity b* anguad to th* vtodf of divlullv. villi 
tbr LTjlcritb«fitlw«0Enlii9 adci^niD, buVofat ant 
puniia hill UiMi|fQ. Frtiok hi* carUofl vovlh hk 
iiUmciriii HiH iliMtn to pulllictl «Ain, and ba ovoto 
pwd hhnalJ, btfth in iH«nnati<iii and vrldaiE, vflb 
Iha poUlbaJ auHna of Iho day. H* tirfnn ■* 
onttiaJT • pvblio vu, and tfJiaoTaiiiil aaeb a jHln^ 
vtadA^ and onyidUlssg ro0»d flur paputor itohta^ 
lhiiLb«anlladUwr«nfnlaltoirttonf^ lb« pMrlotto 
ptutfr uiJ ^y tooli t^ a|>|HntiiEdt/ In the yew 
\1tG to plaoo Um In th» loKklatarF. Pram thai 
pvrfod lUl Iha «k«o <4 tho ro^alliMiuy mr Is waa 
ohofd tbomcMtanvvuiHl, *tteiiQt,antl JmBtonalad 
umertor* of Annnniii fr>Mlnm and JBdojiwadijaih 
II» VH WW of Iha «%iw« d tha dwbnItoB tH 17X 
utiivh b« lahmnd meat todafadBably awl iwbadto* 
llofly to brhk|{ fontard. H* vu an acUw mmtor 
nf «fio eoDVAtioa Ihal fanttnl Itw <»nititolko af 
MiaaiChBiHtoi aikd aftor it tvcvavod aflfect h- «h 
pTinnlfilluMmnTiinf Ihtnaiai mil fniMTinl imh 
pnridRl nrrr lb« body, tn ITM ba «w <k*tod 
Uautonut-k">'*raDri nod hcU Iha* gOoe lU 17M. 
when lie ■ u cbua H»«nior. wmJ annttallT n iltrtnl 
lill17V7. ltolbo>ir*U»dtr«mpuUiDltf«, udA*d 
a hi« h«w* in Winlv tiCnM, Boatoa, Oct. tf, IWS, 
in ih> HVd 5F4r i-pf bit ago, 

Aluii~4 Aii'uit IhonaiDa flTou to the 
nuv iu lie ftcv-iaK «f a ihmi'h Uat^wl. » 
bYUic pra|eoltoBotltiathpnd(a«iJU4.-EcifttoiWTflL 
TtuH iwurt ■■■paalml fiou lb* tnciilim that a 
td ib* tofUUM frut vlufa Adaa ato rtueli ii 
tlnna^ and oot i Wrtiw J Ikt avaHbw 

AluK^ Ta-LK ; on* of Ijba bMaM 
Un UmhI i4 1 rvl^u, -LduI 4A idta I* A» 
ofOBUaW. lii>aaeo«aJ^mrmiH«falrfi, 
&ad am to Hva n dmr vnAm, frtm m». ai a ^ 
tonrvof IMultoL Fnm itoasll^iy tMii*<a aaJ 
l MM »f hdnlit ah«?« thoanVTiwHliV «nmtrv ih* 
Mk tonw a jMUu bI iim ImJiIm obv-t'. aad 
haa leak tor cantorka vnmlcil I7 Iba hWi^kto 



I 



I 



AOAMSON— ADPiSaX. 



31 



[l^ Ilia tap. imlpr ft vrt rrf optt MbJi^ H th« howl 

liaW wliUL ^^J (hv BnlmUH it tvlivrcJ to L>« ihv 
iMlBriBi «r «^ br Iho BoUUiU llul •! Buddha 
nd by dia lif<h«wriniJ*w Uol of Aduu, DoPoAnii 

(nnriMJDE ahWIjr of rhixIrnLimrlRin nimmi in ihri 
aorvi fooCfiriiit. nnbhkii Uwinlt-ifoE^oiB by a diwiL'liC 
horn Ifan «MT«J <ndL !%« umit of tLe modbloio 
i* vnj itpccfs nod lowftnLs iKc BuunJt [■ uaialin] by 
«C«p «tt Mirf imo duJtti hvMifld in thu n«le» t^w 
Uvl 4U IpwI bfling iLnnmpliabad bv mAb* ^f jui iron 
iMtdfr. IV Vf[i in an Ar9t<tf04 fc«C hy II, 

AHuUliD^r, pA-nOTK. a ^Uiah diitao ubJ lyitid 
iDCt, v>A iofii in I'firtb, WIS, mJ rw.'ci^td Li" 
cdcaAwii 4( Ri- Andrvwa, Id ICflti be went f" 
nmuOB a« tul^r t> n jNtun^ nuw, uid u'ith bi* pupil 
1^ ffunmtlfiil fnr vtvn tnntith* hf, Tlnitripw, tliru 
^fla|ihiq Ifip muavrrnf ^. llvthnlomn^ (hi M< 
Mnni ID ^^i^Uund Id IS73 bo wu afrjiolfti^tl mlLiUlcr 
of ISdvErt, itnJ in I£T0,b]r tb* bivmtr aiuI iiitcrcAt oF 
th* Roiifiiiil Morton, wda fuod to khv JUvhbklmriD 
of Sth Ai>lron-i- In this altPVttftd lritm*iflB> wfeflh 
im hftil 011I3' ipiln'vl hv fchKiii'lfmtini' ihe (vn^plH 
VltlCll bo prDvLi>ii)i]j i^mfniaed, ha Inaurred tbt coa- 

■eriiiCK June* Vl,bairorvr, p4UobitKl bim. i^ihI 
■out %it& tm Ilia amtiuHbJnr tn Engliunl. wher« hji 
•lOdVnm uni ki(dr*ifli Efiinvil bim lulmiirDn, nrt^j 
ndnd ""ich ■ H'^^ '>f pnpnlftri'.y in tavftTir *if rht 
yntBg kinfl bU mut'^r, thut ^e j^Lloaiy of KlE»i- 
nth ftubub him n^ti to j*aik[ tlic y>uJ|iU white at 
b*r«anrl. HurnndpoJ objrctt m EiiEliuik] wen i.. 
^h incnbfarDii OiHAvr ^mtn^ th-T i^nbTAi, uul t*> 
MpfOttthtouBvof l£|wopv7 m S>rtUnJ Id UJ$4 
tut «ftl nfldM. mnd when broiftrbt ^ofl>m iho lyhnrtb 
caurtB RUfiB Htiiili li^we ciL-iixa tlint, ut H uriunl b><li4 
M 8ti Ajutntft in 1080* Iw «u nnTU'H'rl nrir] r^c^im- 
naaJoBtod; uid ndibn kdj^oU Irt tbp klit>; nuil Vi 

lki*c Utvl hiui tmBi Ibo tbtVAtnoit «ufltBiioc. if Lo 
)tai1 udt vic'liftwl lij 1h« tUirm ULd iTrinlafitl partU^i lit 
%iut avHt ahjtLf brmiB, HJs Ifffi t^oiiliRitKi a mrpnv 
of pfKp2ujE;; wen tbit iDnikitmli k^ntv dvftf to hii 
nmicKU. aitJ ALiiMutDil the rp<piiu?4 *•{ Lit m ta 
tknvr u| tfau Dukt uf LnuioK, » tbAi uo^^, in lut'li- 
licA td tbv iibli^utirfl offvivf tu hi* iiKfyt. htj luul lo 
Ibbt tha fxui^ '='f imlij^enat in lh# iniit«e uF » (orlrirti 
nd furring Htraly. HediM fn tlV^ Hi* iwa 
vnihmliuiui writer, but mucji tb>t he wri^te nu id- 
bvwIeJ la Ber^fi ilic poipoH of iho bpfur. AmirnL' bid 
i"nliiirt are trnnsliLtiDS* of mobd vi tha botilia tf tbv 
KbW ID Latin r«**- H« pJw wrvtu il faialnry of hU 
ovn tini*<- 

WH bam hi 'Ml. iiL I'i\>v4.-Q<r. uf ftoMddi frUimoUwi. 
ia ITCT. Ui» inrcuUiittculDil him tsr llw cboroh. 

jmJ b*i! Dfon ^Tromircd hiv a jmbaaJ, biib fail tbint 
fat BBtot*! ■oiutieo inJuciacl hitn lo rwiitfi h- llt« 

BMUMr mm] BtfEurd dp Juvo'u fir ha Taiikt. 
Bb Bunliil^nn nia ria»^ii by tljr brilliunC ?ui'-L^7>d uf 
liiB iTatctu fif riuqitua- In ilic prtiactrutirFU uf Im 
ra*«iLnto pursuits, he in*lo mrcf»l joumajH I'mi^oiie 
Mvw ba^of* viaCfd by ulul In W^SpDt tb^i hj^nf 

81, htwratiotbDriivT Awn«^ in th'^ltclJH rhu ilif 
rrnhfaiUhiniii of Ibr dimple wmilit. fi>r a lon^ timrr. 
pnvfol DBknOita from vlallinjf tbiit coimtry, \lv 
ooDtcted, willi an tba IR4I 4)f ah ontbiivinvb, invnla- 
bUa tWMumi. in tfio tlirvc kio^cmi cf Sint\ir^: oikd, 
paVVah'faig tbfl ilvfBcU in tbi^ HUhlinb^tt diuviTiflifJrFn 
<tf plABtt, tpiJi^avoinvrL t> "uTrt^hif* nrnith'-r v-rf 
oiiBj^nh«in*v, llu tdta rr^jsuul viiu:^ uiupb l<I i-bt; 
Utfvii^'b nlilcL Lc tmicUcJ, md cijutpllnl 



^nwnaiMB Utfvu^'Q 



Hif ttonuiBt cf lb> Uugins** if tbi> iliflbrvnt IrihA* 
vitb ttliivH iiAiinnn HhI mtttua h" lik>l Imnnmii 
WQimiiibfll After s. mbktMi </ flrr >nin b ui 
qnlMvKbji dinAdv, be irtumtd toLls a>uri'.i,y In lUs 
poaialon «f voy vaJiiihUD vuUuatioiu, Biul publixbed, 
In 37C7p Jtial^if^ yaturriU cJh A^M^^ r>?4n( ma*- 
b^rly ttAk^iKff hui W4M printed in thtmtmrantft tb* 
I'reudi AnwIcitiyH And miinirad bim tfw bAMiiP of 
admiinjEi uiM> ibat dkdDuukbnl body lu 17B&. 
ThHc MMjf wen vtiXf lucTudn V> bia Iraniul ami 
ffia|pFvbvativ0 bolaaU^ work, /'amiita rkr PUnttt^ 
■i yoIl. 176^. Thi* KTork, boira**c, dii not rffo^ 
Clia AbJAot fur whiah \l wm writim — ibo vUliIWi 
tn^m nC a mw ijiiLvni of ImUnv, tn opprtdtftm lo 
Ui*i <tf IdmutuK IIl< «u |irti|iaiihtf a oew nillSo^ 
witlj iiiiiui?n>i>t iklt^riiidTt* an'I iKt|Hirtaal addiiJvn^ 
vLun bv rimur^i lJi<] plnii uf puUUtbiw a coaploM 
vijL-ydupviba of imtutAl rciunc*- Himm^ io rwlw 
tf]p[HarttmTiil>kiLtK\ V-.h* bKgHi to cwMi UAteviab, 
vWl] loon hnji?«vi| to m\ lininenD niAa: ud, in 
177*, ho yu bcfm tbc Atadnrtiy * piuupwtin at a 
ipiijlt (in *f Wio^ Aih(Al« u Cu ci4i^it« Et'nml »*t<>nnli- 
n«BL It wapOhnFiill/ LVUninDd , bn t tho nvdt Ji^L 
not aiwMtr tb« «i[«cliitLci[u nf th'' nnthfir, A.'t ptMi 
wui jrnitd. Ihil hf WII4 wmnj; in >iia«t^r>(> iiiKiii (be 
lEiDiiDi^liib: pubUcAtkni i^f the lirbold, I'M! obvUhOfy 
l-iTvuulcJ Llic niv^ajokiuw uf lUb wufb al alL Hn 
v-pnUancd, favw^vcTr to Jiiomgw bit mabojiAJq wLOi 
(inwoaria] tliligoua. Kannv rduablfi v^utrt, |irinUd 
mth*MBcaaar*of til* Aqadia^tMvidloriut wntiaga 
tliat ■nbvquaiieir tnttt bcJfn th* pubUc. Tho Mu 
ijf cTfifitiiliiif bli RHA wnrk ccmttinudlj omuiAmI bin 
iniitfL juiil Ll- i.-tiii'ToyBd all lilfl HHiaD fcirtlui jiurpoM 
Itirt ilio rvvoLutJaa reduovd Un lo «xtrHi>* pAtcrW, 
and ir}i#ii thff KfttloMJ Lvtilafe* «bo» bbu on* of H« 
iHinbai*. ha daollAad 43>4r bvllfttian bccaOH b* bad 
na thooa. A pnuSm wai thm MOfanwt upcn Iflm 
by Uifl DiiwcUvy, and wan ilmbied by XbuuIddd- 
"mt bo en jrrjrcil till bLn iLnib b 180(1. aptowhlob he 
waa«i>nUDiaiiJljflD|iloyod \a pnpu-Ire bis jnrat work, 
'fba nuubtf of bit p!lblDil boi>ki Ij uiiJt in «iim' 
lUriiKtt With (h* mam of maaoKriptJ vlikh bu hrfi 
Hio ipBDatio ftiuoacf llieb«iihah 4f-v) ia >|(£.iuMhi8, 
fndd A, 

AbDKK, a ruuiin nfL^D npil'^l ^ tba miamoa 
viper {*?. r V iH wqII u tu ulWr Llads of vcuirinVb* 

Ai»Di!«iKH Jost[<n. a lUatiD^uUbad KnjiriUb oAnytirt, 
wu Imm at Milnton, Wiluiiin*, wlism hii fatl^rvi* 
rrctor, in WTt. R-* tn^vr>l lb" tlr« pnrl *if W« 
«lucAlioa ill Lid uaUtc iiljior; aaJ at llm at£o vf 
clcvDu bt: wna Kitft liO Iho CL&tV'EliuutD avbiKil ili Lon- 
di>r), Bnt vu havo n<r aitA^unft of bis carlj" thariMclcr, 
urcept that hv diatm^iiiluM hinuiDtC in n htrrin-j cicr. 
At tbH WB i^f Hl^c-n hi> \*n>i i^nlnnhj at Qiihti % Oot- 
Ltga, Oi£mJ. >vbr?r(? kis l^ila [i'>ti[n on tfw iUUgitf^ 
linigf WDliaia ujiE Mvy uUtiini'd UvdvothMiMo 
M«cd*lca Cullr^ uu die fiiuii^cr'n budbfllEBa. BU 
uthnr I'tin jiaieiib may Lir fvuml vith tl^ in tbo 
Jfuvu A"!/UeafiT, mllactwl by luiriHir. In 1SV3, 
hjtvin^ taifn th* d^frvi* ni MiurtoT it? Arf^, hn pnli- 
lulitti bia tM attrioirt In Eiuflihb. via. Pirnir tcmn 
hiaLTjU.-d to Drydtu^ with a tiaoalatim of put of (bo 
Fuurtb Onr^u <jf VirKi], aa<l nthir |iJhc* En proac 
and vureo. In 169£ ho *n4« a po*n 7i> JTi/r^ 
t/j^/ijiDJ, HvlcbC^jnuH Iha wtronAg* nf I/ml Knmm^ 
knofifr of Ihi" grnat ai*!, DT nddnsulnif ^t to hitr, 
HaTinf iJiifJlDbl calniof mto holy onJorv ho oti' 
tiiinei! a [itiujijii (J iCtlOO by Um jLiQucjitx of Sumon 
ruiiL fpf ontaf^Cf ehanocEloF <'f tbo crcbcqucr, la enable 
bin til trai^l: and in 17<>1 ha wrcif tho pnntifal 
cpiflln frnm Itxiy tn Mmitagiip. now I^rd iloliFaij 
of wbJch |ir. .TnbnKin myn- "Tt la tbr nmat <*lrffaat, 
if uul tbt uiwEBiibUitti?.of hia pi.<LLL^ iK>iniKuUiulU.** 
DbiliJV hit Ifiivdf b« UttAO bit Lrngeily uf t\ilf\ wul 



as 



A DDIgON—ADRL. 



^ 



rtlum. whivh ma* huleiiDi Ti^ bliolEHkut IJj pcubuu. 
ha paUUliDd bU TVor'^^, tn JoIinMnri opUii'^ tUm 
Wtirk mi^ii luivv Iwiti ttrrUAi] nC hrainor In 1 Ti>i, nt 
thii Ti*}ti'«tr, nf l^nl li-Thlnlphrn, Iia rfLohrar.Ml Ihn 

thv C""*pi*jit' list-JirH #EU fujlUiuU Jl [UTx-umt fur 

iri w tli« m'ciuorof LioWo- A'oaut thin timn hn 
WTUC* hW> tbu opbti at KoaiuA'inii, whinli wv biv(«i 
frdiD Iht >!f;^v <i|]L'<Hy jwirtiup* cm Acniiint nf thn Jxbl 
muilCi but vu ]>abll)h«<t vLlii iuci?rH. The qoii ytnr 
Ld *OD<iiU|iuui3J Iaii-iI IliJiiui lu Hfuiuter. i^xE *u» 
FuMjii iftcr ^'Tiu«cu uiLclcf-HcrrtJU-v of *l»*c- la iTL^^llw 
Wt-ut lo In^luiiiM vdTalary t^tlio lUrl <'f WTiRrtou, 
th» loriMiKiit'iinnt, nnU wm 4I inn ijiinri t-jrin .'.p 
point'il V*i-jti*r nf Ihn TiTnwIi in Hmniri;^'|,.>rj, ^, ^, r, 
with on nllQWiuiov ot j;300 jrrr uinLtiu ^^ N^ir. .i. 
npB iu IrvlmiJi tfU:cli\ tbd frmuU \^ \{nt yimUj, bc^iui 
tb* pubticitba of tb4 TW^/^r, a mint of «ny» on 
UUrntnrv and mAimnt^j t<i thl* pkp*'' ^- Iwimim » 
onMnhiitfir 'rh# rlmt nmiihar d lb« TWV«^ itpptugd 
onlhn ^!^l Apri], IT(iP,uiil vuninetdaJ on Much 
IbL 1711, )>/ (liD ^jwcaiEdr, wl^ch ^viu cufiUnital 
ilftity UU llenulmr U. 1713. £^uuiv Lini* hfUn^hnl 

A, oonihbut«d, Hii mion in Iba Jt^r^ftv arc 
mjiriiMl h/ mwdf iha fctUn m the nunc Vh% and 
in thff ^irarrf^an by n h^nd After tha fiulillaiiwt 
at tiw tftLoriJtUM, Uifl Spiitaiijr wu nvlml, luhl llw 
vijEliib luliiH toiDp]«b«dk Jn tki^ hji Mq^n no ii«it 
diBAJngubhoJ \ry any marL, Tbs popuUritj of b1i«H 
u<vk^ ^na rwf]/ ciw^ dO^OOO «|J« ol tin Spwtalci' 
lk<mhE ili'imliiii«d at oM tint, and bhtj fct *luirl 
■uDooff tho okiilo of Hfl^Jah UuvMuro^ Tlw n»y 
In Mlf Mid 10 lun jmatlucad ■ ErWBVT «flbel on 
t^ iiuBi of Hciviir tw »> lito^ry prodiMtlt^u 
frkwk p»cfd«3 tlign> Dy dHGriUnff aqlI critidfiinQ 
til* nunnvn of tLc ilinn. ffDUacbtbic cihanolior, oi^ 

rwhioB cnunttniinniti. Ihmr ^Dtrklniurl miirli Uf r^- 

foRD til* tub* ijf t1l0 l^n^lljiTk iintlcHiH wiidii llifiy 
fuJikbLc^) i\\v uiibL-iL iFHuiLd f<ir tlk<» b^ut and iho 
uiida«t4D<liLi^. "VUzk JuHuL^ni'T "u KD^'tioli liiamtutv 
bu taon bal Uh murlukUn tlinn 4>u Kucliib tiuD- 
lltH. T}|* vhiUVfttr of cbnipJMitLC'Ci wlii^ llii.y m- 
mdncnl^ iJthmifh not blvntnl^ly Knf I11I1 ir nrit^iit. 
bv l»pumi nrntkUy n la Iiodd* ipolL effect, aiiii 
■mU kdiptfttkiD, and |l li Mitl M Iv tnuvd iij oui 
bol Wria. noiivithMimdliijE ttr tviuptatioii irhidi 
iftHlini loolnaaklpfr btiUU vui ti» ■ dilFiMivo and 
f4i(tfvtiaLii'r Btylii A '• |i»jwn in thHM wnrli" ttibv 
IvcElvJilwl intnlhd ^Mniiir, thf ■prittvi^ wid tlit>^ii|i]if 
Hv hunuiur if peuullar. lib nttn mj wid delicate. 
Aui ku wit laaloM' f^ tbc ude ^ truUlaml viituiv 
Hw HriiHiB papun VE dMijigtiialird tfy bcaiKy, pro- 
phtflj, vii cli9f*Eio« oi wXyUt Qot l(M than by tlwir 
pm tone nl naunklity md ivJiiiinii. Tboy ir* a drwin 
<<f prmrtimj rthiiot 'Hh mti™! «uvjt «nit»in muny 
jutt rruiAfL*. I'viirryvU ill an taiy blJ [vijiuImt juau- 
im, uiJ i!ikt»Ur tlx; lowll* of luwJi aiwJjr and <Jeli' 
i4h' t*itc- |;i ins liM traBadyvf C^ <na nfc«- 
■•alo] tvith Tfjy graat loenaL It bad a ma aI 
Unty^n** mcbto, and vbo* kJ7K5* Tvp^iml vith 
munv "nil* vu iindoflhtvlly ovini; Vk pony 
ifnhigi: (bfr Wbi^p liuilitLi; Hlai^^cf wu U«uiinil>U.' 
taUbnrty iu tba prntuuiim nf «> Wjiur, wtii (liirT'itio 
r»«el»inc tlw hm)mlMUaD, W thtiv t!u( ibvy did niX 
IkI llhi i^ium It w«4 lUppOBtd t« voonj- lb wu 
ItVdUtv] intn npinua KunjuafL UMtfiUiEEin^ UMt e<«n 
VtflUitv MleenHtl JUuli^iaarr b f «rlw1an In tn^vfty 
owntWT^ vHJi A. TftfH, bnwHcr. tkal h Iw uJitu: 
Id U Jad(«d ef apart frvoi |*Hy t«liaf> ^i' "^i^- 
MMra«ailE«B«Ua«onp«niian Km faU«n n*^ bw, 
allbongb H it idaiinMJ bo omtaia many pa^agw i>i 



IfRot Dntoriist boBfllj' A* w>a ftfkervania t Dflvacd 
ill Ht?nl [^jJmliVdlB, TfftDdpaUy political, paitJm- 
\at\\ TAe Frt^AJdefi \Mint ppuU tm BMITtaty f»f 4lw 
YLOarcy ti> Inlxnd, imd wjv uppun^iad wjv of tb* 
Inrtla nf fnulvL In 1 7 1 h hf> munwl titn O'linMaa fl 
Wx7i»ii*l(, wbo w«a A«n wiih difflciilty, •irl yrhamo 
hi^uii]\ly imuiUTni of litm ofi^u diuvo Mia to Um 
tuvLTJi. TUoyMki frftor Ilia uiAr-riAd^c be wafta|j|ULntaJ 
■ucTclorr of Htntc; Injt lu» innliiUly lo ■pook u pbUio, 
iL]»d lii' AbiiiLv ro^rainjin^ thu itit* i>f poUtioal iAIr, 
ivfiiiciiv*! Kldi nnqtiln tnr thr diitim nf tbs offloa, and 
hp oixin nrtlrtil ni;lt a pamiaa of iflAVU. Bit prtc- 
I'iful wiiik afLci' Llii> Vfoa tbv ZV/iZrrkcu (^ Clln^ 
iian'tff, a f«k utefbl at tjbc Liiuc u nOLXpnmv&ntf 
th«j ADbjoDk by tHn^koao und prnfiiduily bo popular 
nittt^f but cinoa «i[i«np>iad bt tn^n n^mpUt* trvo- 
iiB^K Kn diorl Kf, HoUa^^ llniiw, Kmi»ii|^'rni, an 
the I'Lh Jane, \S19. Bcfan ho ci])ir?d hr Kot for 
ittM (fupil. LunI VTiuwitk, n _youui: u^aii <iC Iulu^ Uf». 
and AdUn^Hxl Jmu ib t^vTic vnirda: '^1 Ii^td fKtt for 
vttu that you mny tnc how k <7]irijtun ««n dw," 
'I'hm iiwiv ii ftUudfid to m tho lin*fl at llr^Ltll nn hi> 
doAlh: 

" lit Wngfit ■!» hc'w 10 U*'. finnt oliT iHthiicb 
TJt iat« ol tDciw|BilEfr-uu4ht w !>□■ to a>* " 

Ho waa bimvd in Wortminit^f Abbvy- Ha iraa • 

(inixiw Mifvr^r ih thn rbn«tliin nwlatwo: in potttica 
famr't, hut not violfint. Fin vu rspefted. If Mt 
bHkvihl, by ludiviiluuli uf bucU (lanln, Suriam aod 
r«iBrr(al m hiA biiknnvdit cuutlcvt mid vv«n lituid in 
iK>d«ty, ba imakc little licffrB ctrnhniicir)^ *'l ha¥a 
boTvr," iaM Jy^nt CbmULTfiLild. "u»h B unrB tatti^A 
or a mor* rvkwant man;" hiiT. Iip- woflHiay, Hunit, 
uul familiar In ttar company of bit frtfmiliL Ha 
ntiuliad J4JI till* iniinLirE;^-, diiit-l 4t a tavem. and ncnt 
ibu vnidnp; nt Butt<}Jj'fi, (■ ojITcadicjUMf ffc^qivut^d by 
the wjbi o| tbc timn. A* a pott, he in di*tinfcui'li«d 
fur lA9i« and bUv^uw, but ie dntitvitt of Li^'b [-]vtie 
Lftiuur. li H pnWT it ivDtU'kabIc for iU purity, pV' 
kpjrnity, ]4nd «L]ii[iLU;lly, uml lor th'i hl^liHr ^^rnart ot 
liiimiitny juir) lictiiifHi of JiitLapli^r. It i« thf nODxM 
iH^ifjii^oii (jf Dr. Jitbiiwii. that "bv uliv would mlBt 
Liicli^h wliii corrcotDf*! and ck^^auoe iiia»t ^n b^ 
iliij'B and nigbti to th« itudv of Addtwn." iSlcdai. 
lifniibir of Ihe Li/e awrf Wntiitfji t^ Jt., Lottdofw 
.^vn, \li4: Mv^olay'A Ciitirttl ttnd ffuUtrrieal K$m]mj 
Aikoa. Li/e*-/ A., : vi>1il, Lotulmi, 141A,| 

ACDKtPie. In oiii'Jprri Hjuh. SinpiiTteULC La* Wu 
(Itmi tv tif maiiifntatiuii vt puTilin vimijuu tu Ibc 
fvfnwf^n in Ibo romivf adilRaiuM; uod f^'rivfiroincnt', 
In iltOkTitlt nEann^'iink-n, Iul^'d in tiini luldr^PMl tlw 
(tnopln A cuminiLtm^Jition fmiri ibd nil'rm ta iba 
iL'itJjtnj ij oallvd m ^nKiarnation. In Frmacr only, at 
lLu tliiK> hlrtu tbe <ovar«IfBl> of tLc pDjrJc wu 
iwknitwloitpdt tbfl hi^bCEF ubbuhtita hilI add; -w e i 
ta tba pBOjiIo^ An addfAA u daoiitjally dJffmBit 
from a piHltion. viiuv it tvmUin' cidy an Mm*— iim 
ot thhnlLi. Htlnfiu-llon, nr c11«fLtidacti«i, cnmudib' 
catoi iiifurmatuiii, jimlllLn njvuurva. &c. lldi |swi- 
tJui <■»<« iL* vtii^d to tLo DriLudi puluoueulv it'bkb 
fa Hcunlnrnad ta rshin n^iat ia called an nddra« tn 
th« aptwih d^*«rtd hf llto •avfltfviffn, unially m pvr^ 
uiif. at tlw oovannxvincnt of t^'oty wn^inB, Ilia 
njfht nf iho oltimu. In aaDdatliina or nthtrwlio. >» 
prvKj^b AtklrvuM, i> wqiiwGitad ivltli tliv rtjflil vl 
L:(»ii'|iLuiuiih'. coiTiuliibu WHClblMt and ajjpiiii|f in a 
t^o^ty. It ia obTiniifl tliM adi^HHia cJ (hanb bI 

ntucti plraivj. an nt tnpnrtaive «Td;f In ll»ao t^trm 
w\*n tho mprrwlon of piiMJ<? i-^iniith U fnA 

A[>JEI., a kin^oni ul AftiL^ ij^ti£ almjf llw oatt 
L^mfinvtof Abf laliita bvtwaab lal. iVW^anl al»iit 
U' U' K., hvriag tb* Had Baa m Oia >m« for ball 
it4 lA^b, and tba Mritofj v4 Baa £«maaH ibimcb 



I 



I 
I 



J 



A DELUNG— A DIPOORKK, 



98 



lolks. The ouunLry vt the GaUa trnn tHuJiidi it va 
IIkt ''iiaV but it* Lfuitd in Llil* illff^Luj^i tuv ulLcj[^ 
UbltDOwn, 1^ fnr A* it Liia Ldch DiplLimi. the 
eomtfy v in ifffhrnLl mihwl Jind tiurflb. wit}] occa- 
■ittOA] patJJ>H of ^inA «nil mid *!bi mMn noTvtvd 
with U^hL jfTrm smM, nfTiknlirur pHCur* (o cumerout 
duckfl Mui btnla^ It fui'iocrly wat irlUiUrj la Uio 

whwh tliofii it A DijiiudtfrkLild tnd* iu i«Diyr £cLd 

AiiKLi X(]. JotiTr CiiDfrcfTtniiii, ■ CiomiBn BchnlarH 
^Hnlaifuinhcil fur biB vuitjuui tu iniiimw kIk Ihu- 

lt«kr>*r, in FnmcrivnU, wbon Ian frUhr<r nn« n 
k4n. I[b I'tonViii hii ilr«t iibctriKitu m p-vtlv 

1m «*• iiii[HHi]lAd lanffnM^r iii lJu.- Prutnliuil iuiiii«qu<f 
M flrfun^ Inj^ iVff jiiaiiiafUr.uKlmiaitticnlcliApiitc* 
cvDHd hLn to tvnniq u Lflipa^r irIktv lifi ap|>lji»j 
Unsmll nllh indi-fAM^-" ^ '^-.iy to tiu «Uii(jr« 



voiftflbj vh&t^li lit- )> 

1374-«(t In tr .; I- 

«4 S&Knnr til 1^ ' ' 

lihruyinUn^ 



: 'Piiri/tqir*»j| ,Vl4n</rtr'r, Ii«li|]i(]C, 

^ iiL [ li'ii.LTiALk i4 tbo pabUa 
I. ."M.... i.-lkuM tillhiidHth, 
HvpL l(!r» lAUrV J^ii- ^,'jliiiiiijjLk»I Anil ifritlrAl ^io- 
lioauf iiqr]WBr« Llw ^jiLtl^vh Itti^mn nf JithiiJKm In 
tlM aoeunfecj mtw\ iirdvr irf lIih ififAnltitiiK wtd iddtu 
MpCCdiUT in tli« i|*partnarnt ot vtycLi}i\*iu. bi^t U lu^ 
fonur ti> fi iu tbv KiJtrbUMit t>f filAvIo &tiilt<iritic«t 
bvcBI** hia jirvdiintiub toF tliD U|ff)vr- Shon. i>r 
liimkiBAulhirrf, iiiilu«nl liim lo ]V>^lnTl lhi*v9 vnLm 
inlti— Ruictry or tlyln hir ilEillkikL und lii* tiutH wiu 
■0 Qiditad itut bv woulil ii^it oUrrfv vf luij dviiaCii-n 
frou t^ cbIaIiIuLtiI foHJu kiiil •oltlt'J !■»>«■ uf >lyL«, 
Ifia iiWlbodi»l taimt wu aIrioIi wilb t^irur at tJia 
imnluilaH juid tba Bvmi uf □■* wurdu mtEi vliivb 
h* uwvBbt Ihn <>«niuii Unfuxi^p m'^niuw], undciniliL 
ftAt Hpnoiit* tu feilminhf? tItilliilLtir ind mpt^inq- 
B«mb IP vbub It la equalkil b^ Lliu Gjvc:bii AluitD, 
Of hia tftliCT troflu^ «v ii]*y lucutidiL hii U^m-ij^ju 
pwDBur, hi* Jfd^ocin /HrrGt £huli-J^ ^/jjtccA', lliu 
voriL nn <l«niu.ii ■ty!", hi" Mllaft ijtjfh'thlt ti*r 
JMfriMrkt), hu M7*r-r/>r.'i[WL iin|>nrt;iTil fnf lU ^■pnn- 
tfm i4 thfl Htirmi r>f ihi- hlpr^ry of thr< tniith nf 

Aihsnevit Sittv^iti:itivdi, in mliiL^b liuit wnrk hn 
dta^od to itoPB up tliB fruit* ol tdl hie invoHtigh- 
Uti, but finiiihtHi n^ily the limt vnlumo; fir the tbrvi- 
ntlvpa mv an* inilnUv><l In thf UiorngriLpliKT Vht^r.ttf 
H«ili\ who FDiployi^il for this jicirfjirhv fiAftCv tihi 

rmr* uf tti^: <ivuu>l» iHU'Llv ihc mtu-rioli i^oUucIikI 
A- ui4 W^ 1UU llumlfdUt, ,-hniJ ftni'Llv ^\"-- imilU 
of hi« cAm iiuinmo^ A. won nF hlamdcs mnnwln 
■ji LJ fAnmhld ti>inp«f. Ha iTbi ik-t*! niumiHt Uv 

AUnaOULii HiKKB^ » Tnnflrt^.iliTe tntryrifilh of 
podu Dcar liia vilb^pt uf AJuniUbL-U in hi'lhiiiia. 
trUdl BriBiBBllr tartand a ninHli miuMof HuidftLont], 
bill Ifam^h tM oAota of run, ^rimv^ ?ri^ iLnd 
athar fttni«>iibvrl« Iniliiaimfk Itfkvf 1«on v,-r>m Inin a 

IHtta/ Id )icii£bl tH7lw(4ra fiO ftnil 222 fiA^t. lliu i^liici! 
' b s B^wAl nwrl fur InvDllr^ni. 

jUtfUlfHi <ir Ar.Dirai.M. a lounri] iimlAU iitiKlec 
the Smui bepbhToTiT, vu hom in WIlbiliiK iik ih* 

afMr hftHna pnaldeJ ovut tljc iri''trkFVfi<ry oE Mil1tiii<». 
hny W thirl^ 7*4T^. and titmupliitvy Uln iim 
iiMnl ci hia ninfuTi^iJ* pi^v>ij> aij-l lii* volimtiuy 
dftitily. Bq wai, for tbc tLuicD^ Ui vaiiatai kIjoUt. 
VocL 



Irin^ iu>|iiaiiiittfil with <>rBcUii and Romui Ulonliin, 
A ^'MU(1 writer, ih |iDcL cf witjuc mcrll, and oil ciisUaDl 

lUllhiL'UUI. Hit Vl>r^t| H lllull Ml'JTi JlLUUl^JvUlLt Hn 

ruttatlir li^t Ht: ''Vitii a nJbbvc "f ibu kiii|[ of tbo 

AE>[fR-^ik>\ j^'imriiini; to tta* Miami pbr^tte^ofj of 
pii)Tnw, itcnflir* Uifl leddpnoj ni l*o hndtca ta mfk 
Vj\irilxt whuii [fub III vluH usUvt. ur tin; uiulual 
ftbi'M'tiuu uf t^icii turTjici-ii, wliiln tv^jion ilonotea lEt* 
muluo] alLrih^tJiHt] LrtwccJi Utif- patuclt* of a ^lonuvc^ 
nuouB bcxly, Adhoaiun may <auit |jati»«ii two aoMti 
tivtEvtvn ji uilid and a Hmd.nr hatmar hr^floldi. A 
mnnlilcnhMtf forn< 1« ]y«|(ilr«J. frtT blslAtifVr, tn imptL^ 
nX^ iwij platca uf i/laia or l^tu poUiliul ine^AllL- niir- 
tifja. A plaid uf ^'LaM uT Iff jiuUplinl iJirtaJ Enid <jii 
thii PEirfAffi <il Adtvr, and abtaoiaad bo va9 ann of a 
bnt;inri% v'dl aiippnrt nticdi dot* than it* ovn wi^t 
i't tfi>* '.^]ir«il'> w-4)d, fivmi t}» fnri^ fJt adboaJMI »* 
twccn the wa^cr auil tho filaio. Krum Ulc mjuc forcB 
utImbiIit Icmlciii^jr urimMlEiquidB, wlicu^utljriiuimd 
ham n. jai, 1^ mn dutrii llin t^ttctiur r«f tbe vi^uwl, itr 
nh>nf nnj'tithnr mirfjiiad thity rnnnt. J^lfiA iinlLiiii mtanj 
v|i«n |>ot ill ^Bptor, aciip»oat tMf, l^at u^ w»b *nlin 
<<T waur adIifiilMff to ttmn. A Mmllai- fllm of air 
attafliea |o matt Wiaa Bxpaaad la It. uut vban its 
hurfuog Eh TpvM. tUitiipuul wJbb ibi: vohmiu nf lliir 
Ijodyt M la doJit cr flviir. it if 'uflldiintZy poirvrfuE to 
rofvJ ^ adh«aioA Oif vMvr, Tlw adbmoo of ur to 
glaM loputiinat bafflaa lb« boat inAtriiinoiit'maLaM, 
whif nnt bhabltf, Irir tifunjitr. enrnpt^Utfy to ronuva 
all ^I<dkii1i:« iif »i» fnn" ll«* ixitcirfiir jcimui» at lnuii- 
rL^ijlfiT IuUbI, Tlii/iTT urn iiuuiy ApiwrririL (^I'rptii^K 
tu ibp ujilvpnAl^ty nf iltj« fmxa, but ihiy nifty tu' cx- 

(lAlnvJ by iba ^^^ULtcr aolitu \ti norv ifcviirfvi fLirHO* 
'lit |«rt£c[iH of uitiTL^ury udliur^ to ^'dd^ ftjlvi.r, ft 
Iviui, hvi tifit Ui ^IcuK. lljuy xfn ni'tiil \-iu hy tUi* 
f'lfcfv- tbrir cvm imitual oith»ife ultrvctlim. nm! thn 
AcJl^caive ftirpp «)L#ii:i9r'J by tbt Biiifitfiv "f tlw IriIj In 
I'uuLauL, Tu iL. iLcTi^fure. tlwy du ur Ju duL hLbcn?. 
nconnUn^ ui tbc hiuiul furw ia ■tniT^^r wt ^ivrakof 
^hvi the tkivt, Cajiilbirr utlr^urtiim hoa b*ifii rvfurrvd 
fit tbi- Htn« foro« (Sw i'apiifaTj! Tnhtr.) 

AUiAFBORA i^iyrf): Lbfri^a Inrbtftrpnt In ihoiQ' 
*dvui, and of upuU iiupjriauco: il) ol>ja-ui and 
iH'tiiiufe wbltdi deiicf vt iicilbct piaiH uur blninv, tSf 
in ULatt^tn at ch\itch *.\itrl\i]iac, cuvtoir.jt aad ritea 
whidh majr bn tutBiEiiiil or rijMitBd trithoi^t iiijvrini; 
hcha^ nrtnnililin^ rrraiirmruNk, luwiu* tbi* llnly S.*nr>^ 
mmi hnfr ii«ltbf r Imbhlduo eiot ontaliinl thnii, Tldt 
QuiijLT >VM urlglriaUy a^jiUod lo tbo** uiPlntiLiciiin ud 
ntTTiiuiiiiIa i)f tbd f.iUJiclIv ^uroH vbiL.-Ii mnw fiv 
tvrUaiU admittad Jnta tbciT fnmu of tromlim. nn 
AlUn, vondLofticki* imngi-*, nivM-VHlmcnta, J^tin 
bymni, voipsr* and or\ii^n»^ privity mut, ftn l.in 
juttiurjl of thin oilmiitlon. IHadiiua, a theolujfJan of 
Jprin, inoiimBclion Hiib Lbudi-'n^yu' l/mcu-LTjuuiiy, 
fjiiuriirtianvd BCn[lUuve^^TT kijonu by the imiuc uf tbu 
iidfitp^'^EiV fVii^Vpprrjry, Kitb KIcEAhrthon oiid tbv 
divinca 4l ^V&ltkMribvr^, ■wlio rt«*'iv(«l tlu« nuiw of 
Adi/ypAoriirt, Tho aorup pp^iviLiiiHtli.* hpiatmr* Hii>Ha> 
i]Ui.'ittly niatkh hy wTudi the mnot laitJii-mu wen 
uti^riuilly diHtinici^Ubfd fn'ui tlit CaJtirtLpU. 

£oi]G ititb duxIle', ^vliicu lAiunfiit I •n]^tiitllf oMaEiiud 
by Iho VTtioh cf tiitrii iicnJ ii)"^ii f*tTy ariji It han 
filiK Ivrn prernriid by nviilifini; »tJi^» iiloir: lu^id^ 
■pL-nuiunlL. and othor fnity IjolIhm Aktb tbo lauku 
u^mit. AiLi|rii.' Kcid forJuf brnvniib hcJiiliplitriuiU 
cryitidliac Bf^E^-atiuiirit wluuh OivYl nl'^jiiL l^ilf P. 
unrl miblinje wLLbciut dtn^jmi'ondit.n, funumii «!d»]ar 
ni#dla4 nr lAtlmry tiif^ It dimn^tvfB in «ild watsp, 
lull ntom rrndlly in hnC; ll ii mvblyHnlulilv tn alntihnl 
uniJ diLlt, I'bi: aillr^iua aru iuL»dy ■olublv in hater 
ujtI Lii*rj]ub[(^ lu aluriTiof. 
AiJirvcuu: \teviu ixUcva, fat> acd ctftf, wax}; a ■ub' 
3 




u 



ADitTTAXT— ADMTEAL. 



of ■ Ij^bL brvwn cuTkiit, funitrd bv HniiAal 
luU4T flhui k«|>t utnl^r mfevr cr ia a iddiM pUtfs 
MiHv bum tiio ait. 1t iru diicDT«rvd Ij^ Fourorcy 

In 17117; Ibfl boliHof Ibe poor (ben Intrmd hid 
bp*opIkiJji^t«ofLfl]Uioth&r.and««rQCiiiiv<rtr:UliLlon 
90ht ab>N**lik« nnat Tlui rulKloim (iiimbktii DUKiilr 

■mmoDfi^ »H al )»»tMiiin) uij i^omm ftf* pnvat. 

AEUlrTAKT; 111 th' inilittnr Ht^ ui nlfi^«>T vhrwr 

411^ !■ it nuilfl ;br dodithiihW of ft ljo<ljr«f troopi. 

Tin uiGuD' ib CD(itnu4ti| of a nNbueui W i«-cui-i^v 

0oi|« ^LtnnS* hmv «w or iDortt w ibd^ puj- rM[uirD- 
Hm a. hw |A nuk* knnwii the cmlfin n4 hii cliwf. ta 
PMrim tvMrCi ttitandprl fnr bim, Ut ha? thkt prnfipr 
dlvtf llnfl b k«pt up. to nv<i^^ ^^ mlAiloa of duty^ 
■1B(4U£ tbff iUlTcRiU jiuftJuiJii u| iIj? LRidy <jf tivjja 
ntUi nbjfih hn uosnnccteJ, ftfiJ ^nerrJIy to luiiorui- 

ADJi.-TAIi^QKMVRAI,; u nfliMr i^ <l)H-niHinrb frhn 
MiJjttlhii ipmiTfT of «a anEj-— AiDnnf tJ]'> .ri-<riiu, 
lUi aum« WM fflvtn to » Kleol nuiDibcf ul fiUiEn. 
mho ratlin mth Lhc f^Cbcnl »t tbe onlcir, ofiil libl 
ca«h feiiroriTKBdr cvuDtrj luiu-nod lo Ivn, JtucL tliur 
sAei vvH t/> btfonn th» In^i^r'ifaMraJ of |niUio 

AMIi]iE4THXtOK \L9ltn)\ Ihiyftrvta to whcm ihi« 
goodttifAiiUkXi dfiDV btUMoLflvq caEOiaUUtJ by Ub.- 
|npv mlharitTt n^ win ta bvuni It fwcDunfi fhea 
llarHDiA niuind. For nntUv* mlntinj[ bi lIiu 
ti(l»» Art Annifar. 

or lleoL of ifaEfa of vmr, or of tlic mtirt mvil funn 
of Atiuiujlnr, oriuui|il/.ii u***lulDu<t vt Uia luirliut 
TB&k, PnvUir lAua itorI b <if AtaUo crif^, from 

Winrf «f tfa* fonM. la th« timo nf tha cmHHH 
lb* «{Eea and aunt «*» lamdiuvd Into Kur^nph 
Th« flnil aiithfintUr Imtama thfct Ar^Lirv of A^ldtinUii 
In Kuropt babom 1£M, vbnt Philriv Km^ °f I^ikiv. 
tvnl«i] So^anDit do Couoir wEminJ «f hb 3«vl. 
U Um pdtD of Kd«ud 1., K% of Eoxlud. va 
fiad a titic of luiAOur "Adninl J4 In ntr tin roy 
iTJ iif Irifl-Tv/ Panftfml for tlia bM ehDB<«i W. d* 
f jh)?)flmrtir ; HBd tU^iiC t1il> lim* Ilia InriaNottim nf 
tba Bogl'iH aflH m nmmlltod to tlm or focir ad- 
adMl^ i»1« IcU Uw offiof 4f afwfc knr pWlh 
WttfB, ibe ttmo ol Ed*iwd 11. o ftpilu oueeoHlau nf 
ad ii^'T *J* is t> h* LrbnJ; Bml is tti* Sith yi-*f of 
Kdwiirl III- Jfflm <b IW^u^tjaiii]!. [cirrl-winlvii of 
tb« f^\Hbif Fdru; ww oail^l hiitti^liulnl iif Kn|r- 
knt TIh offim umkrvaOit a>>tnl chaaent aod 
pMHOM ul Uj;h raolt) mstaa ^ whom «cn eaiMj' 
oaa^i^nlcd vilh atvU aA^ OMlA&ud tA flU tkU 
aCaa ^tti 1 031;, <vlm it *at fliat pat Into cavmb^on, 
Bi It lanainid dning tba jnntoftoratB df CrtimiaoJL 
JaiMa, Ikoknnf ToriL.iftcnrvibJaiMi n^vMratnl 
the fwrtion of toni hlgli-«diubal tcravftnd 7«aia 
of Cbarica tl-'v irifB, Uwj of Ui tv^laliDaa an 
■ W wTod tothepiHGaitUffitiaaifniioflbbBHt tar 
lUan«atiirrnrt±tit>rtvinSbKo^BiilH DofiogtiM 
of Willibn AOil Uarjr ihi fnwtn of th* lard 
laibal «h*a MnmltM bi> mil romwiiadmtn 
fJk admkuXif- filuo Chp«r|< of DnoiiaA aa- 
tldi difnbj iJiinnu h *HiKt poriod uf |li« rvga 
nea niob 1im< ii bM uwaja bam TfatM 
bfcba^'aBBwIaioQcn^ viihi: rikW tha oUMl* nf 
VBiia and Maiy, tiiJ l^* ^''^f ihn, ttbvn Mr 
Chnotaftpratfar, proiailM CD ibi l^iiluif Cbnan. 
aAinrariL WH&hh TV^ ui »A>rtii llio ^iin« uf L-nl 

Sb'vlinual; but tb* dnkp. Bnuii kIIbt l)ja ffiruuti'm 
Oa Uvba of Wqffii^Mi'- Bduoiitnl»iii, BM* ap 

Iba^Oaa. 'HmTai^afc i ■> flra hrta oaaaDia' 

«l vlun Ibt Am m li «Jv«ji ft wabw of 



tbovlnacL HbolHoiAl inconw iiXf&OO pfraim«M. 
Th4 miiior ]'ir>U b*ve a«vk o mLu^ of X'luOD a jtw. 
To uw lord hi^h-julniral. or lonb ccaJiutiauaawa of 
thfl wlinmlly nf H-nt^uid. biliiii)^ lb* pnviv rd 
dNrtiloa la all mahtUDo oOMm. botb ctiil and criminal: 
X juriiilicitlun D|KiiL or tvyaml Uio loa la «U mao id 
Ulc wlii-IeI^ ujptd Lbb >ctt-tuula ia kU }fuf|ii» lut^DiB 
nr bu^MtuE^ fcttd upon UI rWara iMbw llu 1iriib» 

ll*«TB>t t0 Ul« «ih-_4r-uri|jlltf bl Ihfl t«RIIA nf tW 
nabont, "To pi^wrmBll piililii' atrvama^ pn-U, nvpn, 
fnjb nttff^ and oiT<>kB wbaUoevor. vrttJilD hb Jiub- 

t])c BhIim; to rcfona bio ■&rail >iot« luul unlowM 
4b|fLii[v. dikJ punijih if iTj^ii'Scn ; t^ 4mAb liiipi* Duri- 
n^n^ pi^ifin iniftjin, piiniLm, UHniiiltkrciianit and uif 
nibfT T«Tnti* wlnUrwviT, »h)** ami tit f rr the finhiB 
of ihl[>fi, u cifctn u oo«o<kiit ibaL rrquln. mid vbna- 
kvt^r ibr^ ■JhU Iw ma\ ivjlli » (fj jifv^ijil ■iiirafhnj- 
fvIk juilfci^ and otJuH ofl^tioi* durnnU frcnc pituH^,- 
to rvtnotv, iiuppand, ov anot thiiin, aivt jvut otbiia tn 
thrir pbw: bi tako ttr^gtAbait* f\f niril niul TnariBiui* 
IniAA anrl of doalh, tntiT<1ir, oni djlith ~ Tlit? loni- 
tv^knlun uf lliir Ciiu|UD VvtU bu uuvurUK-lcM ajuria- 
Jlcti'iu Dtffiiipt Inioi Uiv oiiktrn] uf the ^imt^lly 
urithib tJi4K port*. To tto offiun of Loirl KijeIi -aJmuaJ 
mir* aitacliBd a> iwfuttbha^ l^r tbo wtcnV uvanvv. 
dH>f)fWirJi, and fdloi found vnhm hb jnri^tMInn: 
air qotnIi pIckM up M aca; all flnrc. fr^rfpitiirra. laii' 
Kjuu. Ac,; tJl vhabvaud lan^i; fUbn. all abi^a*! 
PhhIm of bUn liiHdn.T ruitliiit into »tLir iKirt. &a. It 
tbtmmnt -fn^llm, miatnkr, ot i^fiKiTfiiiH nf *<Vj *ll 
*hi|v wnvH at BM. HJrifi*, ftx^-t ti^^Lbar wilbi laa 
■ han of PMn^ Tb«Bo |ivrr|uidt««. or tfnHfi a* ttH^ 
^m o^od, wow fllTBtt up to ibo cnwa by Prtikoi 
(Kiiiytr of DvehiouIl, vb<] i^rdrttl a ^aloay uf £rO<K» 
iiiBkndn la andsnt tiion iIjh Ivdl b]|[h-a(hnilal 
4iBnp4 a B;o1d vbiAlf Mfi villi frviiau f4oa«a, — 
ADMtriAr. or rm KLtirr b luj h'^crary ^blLzuiUtdi 
hi4tv«f«d ti|iiinab«'adiaAU.uid luivmif tn incRabH 
of pay BiUflhHi to il •^'Hin ft^*rm<S Ub» Uir^l Lij(h^ 
ailj[iiim] ol Soollaad bavif iKf^ii^nircl liutiD Ih^unlihij 
in tba iMdmballj of Oivb( UjiUliu. m 1i1l<1i ai^untoi a 
jud^ or vUc-admind. t^Ln (hccuimt am datua iJb 

thoyiMie*^^^™*''^ ^^' ^""'^ '■I ^''^■^^- Adai 
■all, hfinff ffommanrlpn'iTL-E-liiiif cjf Any flb>| tintjaiA- 
mn. faiTT thnlr flagR at tba naain-bip-gikllftht-niail 
bnd, and aQ8nilJii4| to the ooknir of Ibiir fiag afr 
doiicnatcd w HJiuimb ud tlw Bed. of tho Wtute. or »f 
tboBW Hwjnak wiibfiaU-okHLabiathaHB^. 
Thu vLcvaJuaifAl ciLmc« hi* flu- at tb* fun-kipBatfl 
b'lwk. Bihl tat-«ii mnk witli Uih b«ub»ukBt-|Eaaoab af 
ihn Atxnj. Tlip iv«r«vltiiiriil cwiitf hb Aaj at Ik 
utun j^-utpmub IitaJ, and raukawltblm^ jwHib 
-'Tilt Tnil^l i^tata liuvt du ntmSraK tJw oanw- 

EiUn^: mik t^uAi 0ml L'f ULrmuntlon:, — tn FMaok 
■uliitinl iruTd^mO >tji:ryHl tutu |(l'i7 tafj gnaA 
|tTwi\»ffM4irH, Uil UiE^nli*ii,fj«Tiidri2 thainfliiMHa ti 
Iho oltlot Um i-mit, ithorithni It. l^iiiU XIV. r^ 
calablbhol U in liiao ulih kai p(/w«r Ta il» 
■vwlutJaD tlu* (ilficr uf <ik.ui-H H4ua1i(i] wtbh lb' 
aboUtino of tb* taotuat^yr Ka|»1c<4ii rniowol lJi< 
dOMfBod bivoMad Iw brvtb^r in law Miirat ^thit 
Tba Duha M AneoalHnt vw thn Fini 44niiral ULff 
iJMtHttMllonof thvl^iiDrboiit. llio bl^fboktolflnca 
In tb» FtmcU na^y have iml;r tb< tiUn tluc-admlnl , 
nHBr tljDBvfuUow tbanar-vliiuj^ [i-wtrt-attirm^^ 
- j\- M *la>a nuno tpym t-' i^ua mori oatm^tnib^ 
■hip cif a float oi »«nbantiBi>n oi nf ibf wmIi 
amplnvad In tbv ood-BalUijr of Kon4oiin.llanl Tb* 
ablp vMob Onl aiv^w b cOllUad in tbU aL-f«lUilaji. 
Hu] MTLiiia jiHtibfoa; It rarnM during uv Cahir^ 
■«*aji a 11*11 mi Lb* tMdu-taaoi— A, iu nstunl bL^ 

2.anrjbaMrtifidab«Uo(dMF«;«Aif:iniH lib 
mi a r«y Mflti fiv<n- Tbtrr ti alh a btaaiifia 
betMM^ Mllod lb* Aad A, Uuttcrtty. 



I 



I 



J 



ADMntALTY fOlTRTS-AOOrTlOX. 



35 




AfUKALlV Cairnn have wgnlunn of qWU »iJ 

OAUm i>f A iimrLtJbK iJBbure» IimJuiIiu;; it^- 

ia ynt intUa ^m tbc hi|jk Bcftit arid tiJiowiH 

iDCVi oonimill^bajil Riuiy AmtmctA mailu tEiToon, 

Mrd lwiWE«ii lhr» ixivUnwfend tint ^irtH (vmru 

luilrr cuEfAli^u tol ly * ■(•ecjjJ <wi»rnjMii'm iri Lijud 

wu. Ic tiJui n-iniuuioe vf |4U[«. thoLiifU tlui 

liajt juil^ «f ui« oaart *ta* tfa* lum^ in botb 

lea b^nofl JmlidliTLiaTi In Khr tmOar of pxluSp 

ibfecU a* ■» maik upon tbo lak «nil ■» IdnDdtBii 
nutn^Aid HrrMt a «t>njuilnmti<in ; npih/lm dE*- 
Utrnvfi part rtwinn <if tnatl^i ^■vtiou 
tofldt^o, ntlDtioDt. ftiiiti for ^loUg« ftp 
lutltkw alftnoH^ fuch M iiiriuT' u% nnL nnw trf&l 
ih* BiliuinilW LiiiiitU E'oi l■^' tUu vuiirUi cj AmiiDt 
■ItiwCBatmlCiiiiiul CnuVt 

or v. Anuiflp, baviD; lu ofnln in kt ST* SO^ V., 
fco. 134' ^ir W„ twlDniflnD tftlbaC fit&UH, It ti 
fcMvM HO fttirl 1)0 milcA In lun^ih, hv amiQ □orri' 
■vdicva Iaj^ uiil j« cuvvrtal *li1j lliii.- lar^ I(Kt«t 

iorif ii' numlMt, nuiU of rf«w Uuin«t, ia Kb9 

lOAti Wi^np OoHb. ItPitfom lot. T xad B* fi. Tha 

, !■ AbjLit do DiDoii in Itn^rUi; tlm rwt uv niucdi 

TImv w CQVtfrnl niUi HliurjrUnt reffvUi- 

pesBB «kUH i;ioTDt vf oi»n»aul Im^ 

Ihildk dkno-riDnd tlun lo Klfl, Tb* Ulu<Un 

bEuk, tiiibn«tur ikd«*p«U£la; UIL wid dmort 

AUOLTULA or Kasuu, KuclKtal Bmi#n)r fif 

r^ 91*7 1, UW^ Bod tifQituihl *t Aii-U'Cbn- 

.Joke 35- EcWMtittDlUuiitrLDiuUtmly. Aiki] 

^pr>re4 ooum^. ^ul ilttiitiiU uf ihotv rnot 

|iuItU*« wluab b»l nuktiJ Iliu pmlooc^Br, Kooulpll 

BfeptbniVj t4 >bE thmbv- H# nw^ hit «1floliDn, 

wv to Wi iDtri^nv wllh Cbo dvcton rf CAkigne 

iJ UcnU, «bo inpoHd m bUa tbe banlnl »'w 

Aud FixixJ biiq tu r«ii,ii iu tliflLu riiid* aiiJ 

whicii *Drf not lii* uwti- Uul nfuiiing 

iolfit vim Dnapbrv what lie hod promiud wbun 

. . . Urjol by huic ot moni^. bo rwdvLHl 

p«unfb UirrlUia Ipmu E^tf anl L ■>( i^jlaud. 

rdum vnn^fvl ^ vUt him v^fuiut PUUijj 

Ljf Frrm<^' : hut ho wm by no nwon* tt^wry ti> 

Uii» i"p* fkirliul hix [mrttnipnbim in tlm mur In 

lfc« Q vnum prJEwaf. tttd beoiiu nUl morv odloud (o 
ftbm by Ikkiujf mlvftuUimfi uf llio ULinxi of AUicrl. 
Iit*^<r** * ''^ Thnnn^ij^ nf>j(iji( bin imiat and pur- 
•fatill^ lUi lAfii^j fri>m him. llij> pnpilivfi iiL- 
ktDftU«llc«5«dn' w, LD whiph bn ■tl'iupU'^J 
itip lii> HibjogiLto i9iDC4Hintr7 whlnh U^ ttiu) 
ntvuaud at pocb dlwncflful coadnrC uid 
cflt bf Albert ufAuklriikUivuilkjfqufdmiiJiv 
\bg diDBC of T(cT(^ <'(jkij;^» uid Uw PuJab- 
MU^I A'l'>lF>bni U »pH' Mpfnra iL Fulbii; Ui 
thf tliriM ir» diKilvni tbAnt^ .Tiinn 1^, 
Albert fif AutFti ripptJ>] A var ^Jpriu^y 
[«xba#d bct«niui tl;ii trt^j rivib^ In wbHi Adutphu* 
rd niLvrJ-T, ufitil, iLucnivwl hy t^« imuKr^ivrcn 
Ut fo«^ Ao |i>viul hiai>M<|f puiTflunHod *t r!ci[lJ^iiD, 
fall, «fUr » hi<T>i[D r^iatniLiY^ by Albvii'* uvn^ 

AHOXAI; orwaf Ih^ramj Hulm'tv iiniii4-« U'Pfltt^ 
Ihm von] inpvri}' widflt* m'/ Ti^ji, in llm ^imil 





Anttivic. Tba AJoqio vane o«a«*t4 of * iWttyl 

Ffrt lOifnRB; 

uiJ. i;:tQ*a>jEuitul lU iuiimftk<ijui>vcuii:[ik UiiJafilRl 
Ui ny unl lifd/ |fwtrr. Lmi^; puL-uiB, Ikimwbt, 
vnuItT bcoimt moaptttiaout if wHtBcn «idr«>!y in % 
mt4Bir« mo whott. uvl rccarrintf «ith nA vHt«ly. 1( 
it t.S-n*fflt(* timely t;#*fl by klM. IC**n tho iUK^ifinlfl 
nlvihyi o.tmbLa«d U wILb oCbtf IdaiU of varfn; tbii« 
tUu Lut vtn* uf Uuj UoppbLc fl^^^o b Aibjitfc. 

AJ)oxi-i; h>ij iJ Gayn« by budHiubUi MTrrbjii 
The Hqait-tLyiaphii ftdaotUd bioi, uid hi? Rftw up •« 
nuiurkfthly hvnutiful, ihnt h* LmvUmj tb* f*rouT(t« 
<>f V'mu^ wbp> bi>7oiii[4hi«il bun ti tht otiuv. point* 
In^ oiit i^t du^^m ic wbltL l^i: wu t'lrpitiiitf. A,. 
tllkitujuUiLiiE licr Ajvim, r«.^i.ti> jjuriitbiJ tJip wild 
l-tu^Uvf tlH:fjjEc*b.biibbk|i]jGiuiii; tafdol ia jui felUt-'lc 
npon ft wild Iw, bt w)bk OAVtaUy wvuidol by UiW 
fnrcn^iui mdmal Tho gnddm, hsarlng«l Ula mi»- 
fi^rlnn?. hLErr^Mt trr hl> luvtitAndT, iliuE in h«r biuU 
her fuflt »M wiJiiudtfU by ft tta«-l»iiih. Uh* flowFri rf 
\ihidi, fiJtiJHfbr nkliilB^ from Uut tinw took ib« 
colour of hb«i- Wkffft «b« Ipfldint ;bt ai^l, iter 
found bim tiMvai Ott tbc ctua, uid< to «ll»Tintt iut 

Slif ujd pn«4rv* hU mvitaory, thkf tnuJi^rmeil liitn 
'Jt tbe ftnainono, /I her reijiiMl, hnwavur, JupituT 
iHsudtled A- Vuiiviiii f^ur miiqllm ^jf i.Trry ynar wEih 
IMT. and fmir wiblj ^^H1?^]'■"■^ ^liv trii^a^dot; four to 
be Jit hh «WD ditpoHJ. A full fKuUiiatti^ii uf (LIb 
fiikblo nwy bo ioaadbiCnimfT'tSffHiho/tifiil .tt^lka 

Alxm^A*<|; % roligiuuM »tr% nbjirlj usutehI tEuC 
Christ, jw la bl» ilivinn nAtnrv, tvwi pn^iprly thn Ahn 
(rf C>ii:3; bui la to hk buinuj Ufttun. ^uiIy such by 
adcijtion. by Uptiioi aod reserwcfttiAP, tin ou^l aLIc^ 
CixIh Kiero^ Bdoptevtbcr man olio lu bLi clnltlrBD; 
for tl^y tliDEi^lit it uQpfwUu thitt ft human Iwftj; 
ntnld \t* odl^ tlf^ >iin n^ />aJ tia ft Ittipnl Banw 
Ellrunihi'i. ArdbliinhJip of T-i|f")r>. mill KpIIv. Utahop 
of Ui',;vlt in t^L'^kJit ftvuwi-J llilt Ji/ufbo In 7^3, ftUd 
mftdv |jrM<lv(« bijilk JEi i^pAiii ami Fruic<- OuitIi' 

mMU OObdonfti'd tJir.^it hi-'n>'> at thd ooiilioil oE 
HftbEaboft, Mul duffuliK^l Vt.\\% frnm hii .>ffiw. TbU 
iiml'.iini mil rnjHiitbHf itiirv^ tiriir«: tt fVftiilifort. 
TVl.ot IkiQifi uid at AiK^b CbftpL'lk In 7^^, 1»<'Aiim 
iLc Uibop rokpaed tniuo iuiu bin fjcii^cr «mir. He 
wv ihen pbtoed, fbr ^c rcuitbiiKlcruf ht» Ufn. muW 
ilio «r*« ibo Blidiapor L^qilj'. Afti.r Uin di'tt/M t'X 
lQipitn«ldi^ tha vrhob pitnthivnnc^ i#'^iud< 'IImj itk 
pntfl ia wnithy n1 notifv^, ^-ith nn \r*YkL>i>> of tbp 
niodonQnn of ChnTluniot/iLc. nnd buoiiut thr U|iJniou 
4jf (.Zic Ai1^F|>tjajii tioimflvii bnru uuhlu tiauuf by ihiH* 
wbtPn Liutptui uf buiubly fTJCoi^ln^ the (Jodnoc of 
CJJi^ft'w cii* iiulj ft* ivrodlod, UftVfl vajjily Iri^^d to »- 
diic^i i1 In buniHti f^rtiipwhariikin, 

.Mxin'KtN. tho julmiHlfiD of il airtitffir by lijrth to 
the ]Mivt]^r<^ ^ A child, luw couir ilovn tci lu Iq tht^ 
lUiuiiLU law, IL* ffuijMM «M tJrir aoquUtlun <if 
pihtfirEihl pDWCTi vfbich muld dithor bfl ccdeit to th* 
pvtvin ftiicr|itiji^ liy ibii noianl pemb (ftdoptim in 
ibr •tn^lMt inDsfl), rr b« ohtHitM by lli« AMrtt uf Lb 

CfFvim n4> lnn^'rl^ und^r the jntTHfiin itefcjf-oit, op i>f 
ii» ^uuUkitJi, lliiii K-'coiid iurt tn coUnl um^itfi^. 
Aw'rnliiiit Ut tbv aucicQl dvil bkiv. tbti ftddpted diild 
Itft tlin r'Amllv nf ila |'BmDl« pr ifunrdiAnjs ftMlc^CBO* 
A n^vmlHT *it the fihinily of thu par^tu luliqitiiifi It. 
Th4 l<iTtp<<mr Jn-itiniftn mhnli^td thia ptlmvpk tn 
nf)>rd 111 iu]4i|ttinii pnipcrly « oftUerf. Arlo^^tiun ni* 
Uiteuilud Uj BU|fj;rl3 llic w*nt of oA|ihrL)- in Lb^K 
piinuDB VfhiJ blight liAtQ Ixvn puvut*. Euuiiabvt 
tlunfon, undrirtEQaothvTputiaulftraTAweiaf prvMiia, 
«i0r»aju1ud**1 frvjHtliUpiiTibigt. Tbopciwaftdopt- 



96 



A no RAT ION, 




\i\^ mutt L»f c bnTL aX Irait aS|fUtiHin yeu* ulder iIiad 

tllf JlCTKiU Uf tv viu|jtJHl. (lUJIJiJiHUH wdiv iio| |i«ir- 
laitwd to *<W>t bboit Wknlv, n^ir a fmor inBii » rich 
chilfii FwRfUM, itiicrtEj iiiHikhi^) wor< nnt por- 
mltted Id ulolA) but liu^tt wiih tlii> pprmi»&loa ot 
tliB ■iitvnJigD, MoiFd to Any i-hLld thi' n^lit of «iij<p(irt 
■nd inlMmaaoK. la GwwiLiiy Um ruk-* nii|>vLii]i|,> 
mdaftiiaa UA liidrgJ from lEin ciril Ian-, hut nuinim 

{Citii Code of A >uCf^, l.lTt' ; ^pw^v Tv^if, pwi ;^ 
trL Vp I OCtt.T 'I'he iMln|itr-'1 ohtlil f^fiOrH tho TiUuo 
»f 111 ^(iptur. but *Uf* ru^l tituru [n hta ruik If b* lu 
■ oolilmian. vuvpl by tljt; ■[x^icit pui'iiiiialLiii of llie 
BvnrWE^i In FruvLH, * ]ii«i.rTii:J ti>iij'l<^ Luuiib luvm 
li^d nuy Tt4CT Trtthwit chiUirvTir (xif^am thoy iu<q 
ftUowfld Co kdopt * flbilfL Tb» Ri«Uni FnikQb law 
(LWf fH>»J, A. 343) bIao Pffmni M^nn, but cti]^ lo 
Avthjn ondiUooih T1j<i «dc oflUlmiLui ihnif) kiixlH 
uf BdnfitltUl rrfififjitfriu w-dinairf^ fu ¥-fiitu'UTUtiitn. 
ti ia tt»i W Mntvin. Tkvm "lu wijili tv Hdiipt tamb 
Ihtv ■iii>pi>Tttd llio ii«na& to bo tdoptid for ac 5««n^ 
«r dd bloptcf'* Ulo mut luvi btm hthI by Iba 
ptoBO (u lift td^piAd, Kicvptiiiff In thlfl bac «u. 
tb* lattnr innH 1>h m maah lU ftMn yun /nmi^r 
tlun Ihr fcffiinr. AdtcKjon f«x<vpuu(E u Woral 
cumob Ulie plao* uilil «• pflnon tn be ndopbHi id <jf 
■Mr^t and mutt hv MtLAod bf the disiriob court a* well 
M tiy lliQ Aiuri of tiiitcAL TboFv U nothing ntrrai- 
jvtndinjj with «l<ipluin in th* law vithar of Kni^lniul 
or Amarka In Aua ftduptiun U x vrry Ritinjiimi 
imcUtT, Tbo n^ruDony in fn^ixriiLly prrfurjiir^L 
nwnljrbf blwaiioiliDtf p<n4ain4bu|clnj£if^Jl«WLib 
tUp«««i«d}M«d. Tfc*'nnki<loQlAnMaptio4o(Wo 
\miv* Uw ckdi uid A vftHnor TCg\iUrl/ ^itoavvil 
it dtvwn ii|i- Th* lAvof Mukumot pr«fe:?ritTM mWA 
annlh«r*W7iHiriounc*r»iiignjrof»di"pU(iii, Thflppmwi 
•dvptod li nquind Iq hb tbrouafi tin «blrC of tin? 
■doplcri KMlheoot the ^n^todncajiot^ fJifmifik 

onrM iMrf u, unitBd tbem, expmatvv nf titDptiiin- 
mon; H fTplATiiDfeirj of lauiy puugn bolb vt Xha 

OUadJ Nc«v 'rulMUdltta- 

AfioRATiooi i <irijpDiiil|', the upniuob vt tht hi^b- 
mt ntpta i aliwr to God or nua: bait nnj^, laor? 
p«rti«»jr, for lbs mot of itfigwiiB hnmoi^^ Hj^ 
tfciH litemlly iii^kAK ^pljfalff ttu h&nH lo tlw^ 
uiDiilh: maqiivi «E of ddmorrrf. C.e. (oUu tbu hmml- 
Tbe wuni jltwi^ 1a tUu iuiu*l idiom of Qm Hilm-w 
liui|fU4|ie tu ■ifpi'y vli4iaiuEi> UcrudoluB ctmiuditK 
ibo eiMtom of kjBiog Uia buid la Adontttan to ba** 
h*A bit>pt«l V7 th« Ontfct Imin thi> P«nu. It 
frftAUilr pm^tBi^ at an r«Hy pinAd all tntr Out 
KiHt. HM Kanun nreiDony oF aiJnmtJrtEj liu bcnu 
Ikn dvcrilvJ - tbeilwu^cc, Uvm^ Im btwi i-^itifld, 
af>p]»d biB ri^b habd tu Iua lip*, ibi? f^TCi-ftnecr 
rfntinj; tm hia thumU yhiah inm itfcct, aril, ttui 
1h»wiDg bu hH^I. tnnwd hinuvir rDuod fmu lalt lo 
fight. Tie kiB flTWi vrifl oalM oiAitim JaAranHn. 
SomMlmH, bovtiw, (bty klani llie tieH er arm tliB 
kiw* of limit KodL Tht Gncteo* ifnuaallj wur^ 
ji}u|ipp>l uncovflfnl. Durinf tbdr nran, Ui4rhuidi 
vm rBiaal abcnra tbvr b««da «id] ibo Mian tomod 
t*«krdi hiaVH <T tba rtatiM «f ttrtlrifoda— a eoBtom 
■midlfli itoan. 1i] Calboltc rr-iintrtfL fti?POfnf>attrjhg 

pnyor; Uit penunllj ClitirliaiiH I'liup lljuir 
dmiiif pmjcf, whiEb h »tiU «u»t''inanr in 
■wonlMbanvaf OalbdiMaadFntorianto, ~Tli« 
brt CMrtiui oltM tUTMd tb» hw* lomla Xb« 
Mil «h«i tbty |ii<H«d. Til* MahoniDMdvit tum 
tho btt toward! Man*. I*mtmilDn, MOMa|i«nlHl 
aauwUmiii by UnLof th« gruutd, la tai uidaat nada 
«£ adwinj Uia nb^ aoJ upiviitaf itia higliMl r*< 
^•Al (or oaib laKiuBaBkd talaad hUatUI tb« 

kv p«*pl« «d Iba lowtr «Imm to k»a«l dom 



auJ klM llic i^rntuitt or Uio pcrvxk to uhum itity 
i»Ub bif *bip« rwiKtiit, DiEK'lrLjiui ulTcivil lu* Uxit U> 
ha kJuoil hr lit" r'n^rlirn, and cvnn uttdot f'liArio* 
mnfiinii luid nin mm ilio HL.hlRinon Liuid xhf mrpnct^s 
tiK<l. I'TofuhJj, lli*rv(i~»rf« t^t p'»pra f^rik tfala mia- 
t^n fnim tln> oraporupi, U> K'Etrti? fviuErr thejF Iaii4 
i-'Mdi ill iuVGcadlli|r lu Uiui' tlUu uf iLiicrei^a |>f<ntifr. 
Tlkcy Lhvc an DnJirQididiid i^tuv twi tbv 4JppQr of 
bbfiir riiflil fiMt. whid) v klucd by bb* CawcJioL ^| 
Hiorc irnn douM ihatthr Rnman amp wor t botroweJ ^ 
thlBiMJitmn fr-iTu tV Kiui. tn ihcpiimitW* C%ri»;bB 
dkUTch thit )ii>iii>iir It laid ti> haro Imn ■linvh bi 

III kJuittL: ^^" t4iiTj|]p'a tool t1l« WcliU p-<?,«timiT itf fl 
wfiv and vtil) ■»« ntmd, 1%p Jowk, m in ^*^\ kDOv*a, ^| 

ifUn piswtmti»<d UjbishItw lb lb* aat t>f w^nbii^ 
IVkUig ntr iluf itbrHn Or illfipvi* dnrtis KJonliaa i> aa 
olJ oiiJitiim ki AfLa, Ti b alu pmctuad on tf im matt 
in^i:iifi[iiEiM »■ Jill AJTi Lif in tUt^riii*. l^orivDlal UktM 
Liflliin ^Eav licfitic Im iiitdin lh« IftOplir, lb*inOMpf^ 
a-r tho KpHrtn^int oF a mAD of iWpHtiihilftT. Thia 
^ijctom vitA aU<'\ luivptfi hy th« licmkn t^ttiolie 
Church In A'^iur- oau-n. Al tlie adaration (iF thft rrooa 
fwi ficifld Frtlny- Uii- Boniaii CjhIbiHiw wiUk hta^ 
rrtiiU'd, will t}in ivrttiiiiiiv <if lii)iiaJ]Ut<i(il. mbvn tbff 

iiTPjifl luiit aII the liATLlLiiaU appiciwh iht (ma baro- 
uoto-J, In ihv Co{-fUn ^^rjfrMH. uiakn adccpImpfTa- 
itAU un tiii> lupufntitifiui. KiiuuLii^' vaa in all iifca 
A fninirirjii ivtttLLErv of ailcintirrii, iiicl uriginataa frotn 
tlif fimEint- nl humilily in njldmainf a Id^bar and 
ini/btjp^ Ivlii^. ii^ttkc wiE-li th? ibljfha ^iClairnn 
ihc li«fn woe All oi^mt Egjpllui attituda iu tbracfi 
of Vi'Dnhip. Tlienian manvitatuu mmaenUd In 
Uiia pmriUoft. tiUndiDg ^Ith lh« IkiJt furlinad for- 
whTil, thv iiyiii lixad ou tba gTumvl, Ihw Kanflir pn». 
(A^dy rmtin^oEt tb» knfMi, w ah ivtrly tifw.t^rn atti* 
IkiJ^ of AdvraUoii, DandniE. iwroiiuiiiif, ivUlDg uu 
thr uiuKTid. ikuJ niALky iiuiUiif Mia, uwinpanv lbs 

Adrtltip uf dissent waifF tnba. Mr. wwL *«* 
nf tlia Hn|>iiif TniuionAFiH at S'n1Itp|^r«, ht a Kdtb 
r>n thr hufnry Ar-d libTntnrK ai thn Hindrm*, haa 
pvfn a vrry Viirt nut t-niT mibUtD Monunt of Ihrlr 
(DkIo of adoiBtluu. wblcL Lhc> nil poi/^ 

llic nLjr'L'tj Tif jhIi»ibIl'>ii luivn *aiiai1 cacoadiQ^ly. 
Ill nil AgBv v-iiribi]* hu tri4'ii PIL.J4I If) iilfiLv. tut many 
^■(inhipiHirB pi-bt^it'l 1''' n'fnrhl ibt iiiuij^ nioivly aa 
f.h- Ti-piwiitntiv« <il thp D\vinHy I'mta^anla It 
tolrl, vhin thty lm]iLiK lo Caiholla^ onlvonall;, lb* 
wni-ililii of iujA^cA, fta Mnjf In ibr-miwltia objHiacf 
uliimtiKit, Uiat tlMj ar« ngmk<J 1'_t ibai cbtird^ m 
tbn mvn hy tha wiioat of th« bcathon. niBfvh «« 
TuiUa dgna nf tlif inviilblo IWty. Tha fcwfuti 
plurd <mvtii of garlftDda vd tfae ttatuM nf tha goda ; 
util Ihn t'aiJioUa aiUl affirfliiv*>iiti>t1ieiraBlbiaand 
LUd VifijUi, It wa* wjnjiiub tu Dlri^p [n tbo tardimt 
tcmp]n>, ivlbh a tirt of raoaiTiiiii mpAn-^ fron ibc 
^Lhli inijrTAUK, llo dok* In pArtjinidar. -I'pt lot thi* 
pnrpriH bt tl>o tanvpltof ^Swulapkufl. In 1^* RoMA 
> AthMk <'hiin?h. a ifwoln nf Adrmlbni la fllftnd t» 
rlp^^rtAl u^iit* and niArtyn. and tbatriatfruMfcn li 

oibdVnI. Tbn Mlirhil'bl«l|tlK:l1l>tlIlv||pitiUl4*d'V*^ 
iS' mindd, n pnu'tii^ A.|Htpt««j by biAiay otb*r irrl^Tf 
Thif l\n<iui' ibl<>n<l tS«H A4T) and An, 111* GthIb 
uid K4-p>riAri4 a-lnprii Ilr* 1Jlld^r lb* nanwaf VaCa. 
I'fmy i]H>ritJOD4 iliT ailorati^m tif lightning by nndy 
L']rt|](Hiit- ib« IwuIj- TIhi R^ypUaiu BdoMl aidnud^ 
|tUiit>. 4iid Athoi ; UiD Aralis n^jirn ; tba Scydiua, 
*wi>M«^ tbc ^TiinoHs tlw Atatvcawf thilr aiunlof*. 
Thfl ITiib]<tn4 hav« Q4^l imly n aDiaciFk)f TavfclV af 
gi-ili, but Lbpv vnribtp hriouii bribi*, bsaaf^ bvd\ 
ITT<4, ri^«in, ft*h, l>jiiti» and itunM, }W* Wnrifa 
Vv* ftf the liaivra. Liitr^HTt, und JUUffiom iff lla 
Hiftii"-f\ niiil r^iibiAt Hrtan*! jVivntfiiT c/a /omMy 
fA'^NvA rAf f>jw AW(ifta<j/f*dUa,/i-Hi CUMIa 
f*iWRiy,]«ll-l«3l^ IlDidtbervoLagbctvd, 1UI 



I 

I 

I 
I 



«d,iUl ^ 



ADItAELTEA— ADRIAJT. 



37 



ciltriir Cram l»vt imd bhimkluJ£4H, or tmm riiar. 
Adhutca: > dkurfiur tit JnfriUF ■n'! \noHiiTt;r, 

jiulip*. wljuiu rm JimrUU «iaHi A. m ^utmSly g. 

■nMii ■ometlmva nith -wiFk0ii^ lottvtinwt *rieD » 
roAd/at, fthi Hin*tini« vitb h whooL. 

Aovunui;, « I*jiDil*r* kuig vf Ar^v; »n i^r 
lUuit juhI RuTTnama In nbHlJimi'j' bi lUt "Titdt 
irhkli <ucBiiaikt«l bin lo tT^^" ^'^ <>' l>^^ ilAii4;tiWo 
tii> A Uivn ud lh« oilier 1i> Ck vrjlij Ijku', Le i£ii«<7 AreiA 
W l^JJyTlicv<^ who ouito (<» kUu 'm » ILuii'* ekm^ miJ 
l>tiprU to T\Ji>iu, who vai drMx^ id iLia fllLiii of *< 
vild BOV- H* *M nno d thn **inin hunyn wiio im- 
<«nipnl VfnTB Hitting uul thu nnlv iuu« ^lut miryirvd 
thv ilfCv. Tea j'nra nfCer thk li« iii<v}i9 » MwiniLd 

cfbii tomv «IU«it *B<1 t«l^ Ihvoily, but i<Ab hiituu 
ia lbs vn^i^niDa^ *ttd divd lumHU ^f uriuf- 

At>T![4S^ thtf Afnraii. Ablut nf St K*tor>, C'rin- 
tcrbnry. In tho iiriir»ntb r^nliiry. iufi4)mnniini| Thpn- 
^vro, ArdtUabi-'L> of C^aurburj. lo Kaulaihl A^ 
«■» Uw pnc*|>tur uf AUltcdu, wiU Ikdi: uxLola iLc 
lupp^ ^DV vboB lbs iiIaeiJ gnjafai] Ha luilion, tmti 
Ka^ " w th* fvuDtuu vE kufjivlud^ to tha met of 

AUHUT', or 1tx:iHTAX, PimuDtt AI^'AVti, a Hnmp.n 
cmpciw, tin luccTHor tif Trnjuu, yvm Ixiru al Kvuwh 
A'C^ 79, Eld (utlicr, TmJAb'B uniiin. ili«J v\,4ix^ A. 
wu UB ^cunt 4:'f i^^-c. A, nEK-irniJ ^vry oarlr kiurvl 
taJint^ ad4 14 sai-t to iiai-« ifi^kDn iJjo lirvol: Ian 

cmUm ibft jouiv tjrHk- If Lh nurmury ii »Jtlil to hivt 
ban Kj riv«uTOiiiuv, tljia hi: uuubl vvtiiuitU a IakiL 
bj mrnucvT I? onti: ]jaiiJwEiu JL^ vol lUai hm nfiitiS oJl 
^ hi* tfilaian bj nurrn. Tin^it Atm^yi iiiajr hir cioff 
^ifffeUdi but tboy prcvo tlio ocljmMh'n in nbioh Iju 
•i^JvBU V«r* lit/fl- He H1I4 nil i>r:it'>r. piHjf, i-mm- 

juii) HtMli^iErr, TUn gnwU'r rlvvpfujiiinut •'i tlm 
vodnHift Id inH>ti;<nL timet iJi/^ iHri lu^iiil I'f itiALinc- 
Uvn lA t^inhnj brftai]TiT«L ilia vrtnt -.jnuLitici, trn^- 
44W, wwV iitiAiueJ by ltokI (ikulU, vu Uicit lio ikovinr 
wnn Ih* Bi^H^ioiiM of 'rnjini, who ahj Im yiLiniiiut 
R* mv iiu]rt>iijirt fnr hin Mlftntimi Ui rli* riLr<»Et# tn 
tluf wife of TtuJAD, llolliiA. who cDOonlsil thf? tli.'oiJi 
of b«r huiiuuil unlit bljL« IihI iIulq tofirrKC* tcfllnuucikl 
LcBriux tt^ &AIIIC ut iJk lutd ruJiK^riJTh lil wLit'lk ]i<- 
*H mklu r-j tAopl A- am! JucUr*! KUn hin luct^aw^p- 
UfT biibrt itlii<) bvl m lh<' latfntLlrmi ph^purcil tho 
iPMpi Ut MfiOUBR th" ridvi of A. A fUT Vi'^tr pri<pa- 
Wfrrnt 3^ boBQ made, A^ nunc Jufurmatlon of lb? 
«n)wiuT'i Jo*<li fmui AiiliwJj Ui Itouie, prrlA'iiiJ<.Hl 
tbM iha iaperijij liiji'TiHy luv) Lcua £ur«](l nuvu liiui. 
ItfucaWf tli<i KitatftD lUut bu ^'niiM iIiHtlutgd fxithfaUj 
Ibt 'IhUm H-J biK lUTL.-tn, :it]il 4unmi t^m pri'U>Tiin 
gwJ* ihaT. thfy tlkriiiM rr^Tokf imni' iho iuhaI (m*- 
tcnv lij Aiiwu»i- U", wln?ii A. "flfl at ATitluub, \iv 
W prucUiEUul i.-iiip<:rrr[, 411J lUimtMlUtcly huL k 

which «Bfl rv*>til^ ^nntrtiL UatIiil; netUeil tlis^klFKirK 
4jf Sriift, lb" n^itinntr apyir^jv^l \a KntoD, nrul ^timvbrvt 
ftrat l'>itin tlipUvour fif thi> p»r.|i]i- tiy lEYtmildncwir 
hia ikdmuijttnliuu. h ^v uub lini?. how^i'flr, liDTuru 
bxnACufcaboJaofivariitvsiiif 'U"|iii:i"ki« cbjkia^lcrr, tix 
(Vlfaff wilb tnv ernil ftdevntiun t> f.!fa3ijr<« ^^uionh' 
vtbrr tbin£i^ hf purobM^iL |iucBf»mtluSamiatian« 
uiJ K«i<'kni, ulw hud ^tUvked IILyiu, hy tif j-ay- 
mtaXvt % irlbuto. Trom UQ to ]^11 r>r 1^7 be ui^u 
hk fjimuii> jituTiiuy tm fiiut. mit ^viib Ub hi'^d uti- 
ODi«ml| Uiruu^h itll tlu^ [trutnii^a uf Un* niiijriii'. 
AnotE *ithfi piJWM, hn TJiTitiid nriloin, nnd irmidcJ 
A v^Tltf b« bnilt fn>ni ihn nuiLitFi of l.hi> Tyiw to 
Sftl«sy FniJj, to Hi^ur* tbn ICftmnn pnvUi«« frvari 



lUn iiKunripiiji of t^ CAMmluiB> Id A.t}k ISO A* 
Hrt out l>j ^tj of AtbfliB am hia fiAdonil Journey to 
tl>fr Mui, n-tikiTikQ^ Croni l^^Tpt Ihi^kik^'h J^rift Ijo 
Kamn Ib a.u^ 13L- In Kgrpt no hM lilt favRUril* 
Aiitboiu \'j. v-\ whtfH dobth lie UujcgiUr^i ii,ii^ tni! 
bUtcrly, S'ul bujf aflai hi* ivturn tiii> Jc'lia wtm\ 
brak« out in uoiev^uoooA of A, b»T[i^- celhblUhod 
tEfimui oniony on the «bt« oi Jtfvuidfla, and foi^iddctt' 
Ili'.l^^wt fi>|tr*oUi«c4mmciiiou. Ic IdLvL^d twu ycin 
and b holfp niiil E» uld to bftva i^ufti^il thf^ ^NikUi nl 
Ad'HiOCiO |Ht>-ui>, 111 132 A. ■4'uti ivniL to AtLviu», 
^Ikcm hn Tstntkw-l diiiinc tiin folliiwinc vtAi, Aft«Vi 
hitvinj; a IhirLl tji?kn vJntt^d Al'iiknitrik OJid S/Ha 1i* 
rr<tijm^ bj>niif. LiiiJ upent tho rcmikkuclvr of ma life 
jionjy it l-h'intr f^nly nc 'llhur, ivhon tho ruium al 

iblT ILIA^EllnilUHt villlL ht ihum lp|]{H w «t{]] tn b* 

anuu. A, Uinl bt nHm. 11^^. iik tlin 03d yp^r of }iiit 
api-, An*! i^i« 'i-Ut of hiA rnji^, 114 li»d ECfd i^iulilie* 
AOhl ffna^t fnul^ ir» pTaniat«d lit«tiiK ooil lb* 
orU, caui^tnl iitvi n^nismt dtaakptUon uid Ihd onMt- 
t\tm oF (he ilfcri'-itiirl^, pmhlbtifd human urriEcM. 
fotbJhbthehidijiE'riiiilitxbrbitlhbiif of TrivnuiiL vmofliO, 
A41 Ili'i fvlen iii^JiW fiitnin mi vpocTi hi Ui« hiaUii^ 
(pf lUoiuQ uinifTiiflaiito^ lln onvted mftOT Anc 
buUdlofpi bl IkijDOi Atli4Df,uid vlHvh^rcv orul built 
or TciloFwf iflTtnhl towni^ Anloaiioa >^ua «LCQ«ad«il 
lilm. It mi with modi diffteulry ilmt liiii ■uooMiMir 
vuuEil u^UiEu a dKrofi fmin lint muMLe fr&nlintr Mm , 
WJaoitUflif (n VMtf", cliijitt boikourv, A wjrpte wivT^ral 
t>'pi~>bN; amoiKouian A Litloiy ol hik^jwii \iU^ unJvt 
till- iiaio* of JPhllgDil, 000 til 1i(d fn'i.'diuuii. »[iii;h Lfl 
I14J lungor ejTlaAt U* coiLpuMil, not EbUg bvfuTO li« 
Iiri4ll«l liLi Unt. tbri r»lbiwmif hnes? — 

AnliDiiln, KifuL-t, liluiduln. 

SUIV ||4JI<< &MipL« J|i llB4. 
LJliluU, rl£iiL». iiiidiitri. 
X«a, lit *i^V, ntklili 



Pepe bu imilftLcd tham in Kia I>jfin^ CArHltrt. 

ADILIAN, 'I'hprv havo hccn nin (to|v>4nl thit n^tnft. 
Thr rint, n IComan, ruled from '73 to "t^^, wu ft 

i.u[ilrni|i(Jnifj otiil frjuud uf Cbixrkiiijviu^ wh", rjn 
ucL-Liiml vf A-'a nbic ilufcmio vt hit cLuiPi to thv 
□rowii uf Frftiioc, |inituolcJ Mm '-Ub bi* uiny, TT*! 
[i^inal Ih^irJirriiiB, Kiiaif rpf Dm' lF<irTLtiiLrda, o^^ndrmcd 
tJiL* (lonntioTi nf l'*^hn fa tlii" tcrnlrnr «f Iho <'hiiP?N, 
aijd mada funbrr :jriLiiu htmhilf. llio fioiu wu iint 
nflijunJ, huifvi^vc]'. Li>t:i]iiiv in jiciu-* tbtr ^IfUnf Cbiir- 
IcnmiciiE^ tm 7!^7. J^ft^f IJtc tunmmtioEi df t^ti fmiuriit 
ovntpiucii' of il'i^ king n^irutl tbp^ EtAliiui prlnc'A 
ivh^t cJheuuhL thatiimlniy Ky ri'^nflrn^iiLj^ ihu a4i]ntu< 
nf rhri 4-iiDurll rtf Mnr. T^fl, In tftvtiiir iA iJu? %ro»ib1p 
ot [miu;a, A. f avu ofTDUiTe Co rhajEL^uiJij^tr^ wlu' w(u 
4i|]J]u»Cii \^^ thu iinwUm'. luui pri>i:i»i:d a Ulii^ i»f tllir 
iIlituc at tlic C'*»UEicil of Fjfcukfnrt. Thi- rf^pnal WM 
iv<iii[i-i by X^', (lift lie «n ann^iillj uid hkilliillT 
it\rtLd»l iifffiJirJing ibc klri^ tbtt hn roninm^^l hia 
friend^ oaJ hi>nountd blm nfur titi -^pntb, ri^i"', wUh 
UI loiorlpUuii, >et jirtHTVi-d Ld tEic Va^iiiui, ll^ouub 
b> flu ucvia Eb jiroTugud llLrnilciuiiui, A- ubUuEitd 
Ctcal iii6uciico by tbc i^rrcctDcf* of hi> ranJuct uid 
Kin di^aioTi nF dunctet. Bv a piudbTit una *i tbia 
iiitlupii'iD he ^TPitly incr*n»Hl hi* pifc*i?f. He ei- 
lniirli>l vAft mimii in n'hiuliHn^ ihn n'arii Ohil Testo*^ 
WE^ iJic (iijuoJiu:Ld of Kluihi-— AuiiiAs 11., h Eaman. 
w c]<jcU-d popD ift Se}7> 4t iha otfo uf 7^ yvfeia. He 
wu ortvamcd for bsJi virtu*:!!. imd fniuuua nn tdoouEii 
i-f liii baM oppiHitiot] (j> the cHvort^ of Lotburo, 
Kina fA l^nlhiu^ii^^ (mm hi? vi lo Th vtbi-r^ |[y 
intctTrrin^ in tbo diFLputr. wliicN nme After thecEfnth 
ih| l.oLlEailt, boiwcoii t'bflck'a [liu Hold ami tliti tin- 
|niji»r I^ui^ p:rt|»n?tinE the ri^'bl •■•{ Bucuiuiiip, hi 
nm^Ja tlie fcirmur hJa enemy, Hn hju! jimtlKu- A\» 
]»uto id Knvikf«, whern Rialiop BinniEiu »t Laon hi^i 
btvD dJamJBHd ogainal fail uill^ lie h'kpwiH Dicwia* 




» 



ADIllAH^jLDHI.\jrS WALL* 



mriw trnl tha ptfTJ M rnih Phittimaffanitantiiinpli^frir 
— *wrf^iij ilitTltiLii] jiiiitli^jin nvat iUilg^tiM, whinh 
dbolalAed tht mthvtity vi ita popi,iliitE IbeGirck 
Cbinch muiibiiaeU iU iLikipaHUaicc a^naC Liul. 
and audv DuIatu dapcadau on ilaelf. Ha dwl in 
673, la tio midit c^ nit ooAfliefca uritli tLit obwroh. 
*-JL»BLU III.. ■ Rmnais (JHtHl KN. «»« po^ ttrr 
0a» jMT aibcl fbiir nrniibi only. Ifo vu oi^wd to 
thf< inAintBcwof ilw aupcrtin on Hit dcciLpu (if ildi 
j>if^4 Had diftanuEBolt >{ Chutu Ibc K*[. hIii>eiEi1 <lii: 
wtbbiCHit twir, %tt pi% tlitlT A sunt kiuif lln 1PA> iha 
&«t p*p* t^*t nwivt 111* uAina ciik thr mcwLcin of 
hfg Ultlrtf f" — ADAIA^ IV,. Ml Kn^i4hnu/i, on^r 

liToora ftiim iht ■ftuatlua uF a iic>€)r muub tu ibu 
Vmnk « fflrito*^. aai] Ivu^^t* in llw nnrthi whrtc lie 
wUUUnd at DvonttLcim tLo firrC Konfrcuit ar^b- 
Uaboft^v^ AOil * •tpnnd *t l.'|4^ Ho wgm abotvd 
p>p> lallM. fen<l w^;p4| n iiiiincnvliil trar t^aintt 
Ai'iUiiim, Kiii| «1 Sicily, who, bX Uift f'pan fd ll&A, 
cWnwd tlu MvAr^ that. I» fuBtlvn rdiUiiv tf> llio 
TJntfrhj mrfhlrg iLiLfDU be dim* bjr do laitw iHlbimt 
th« nnwiiil of tb* lilni;. Tlifi nmprror FndMU I, 
wks MoTV kid b«LJ liif -tJmip, uxt hwf bHD 
<r4WMd bj falm hi KniDf^ June in. 1155. «■* r>^ 
jnuil tn Ulia pcftoa vWt WJiLiAin hii fJtuiEmy A- Eo- 

IfUen. FMfriv,vn A« °(b*'bMid,«oWd id «dmi' 
Mlji^ matMt* «# If tW» bad bttft do pof« Btfon 

thwaiSouUlat««iuUft^<«».A.dM,^0 I<111^^ 
■t Aaifai. U* ma €b« <nl1f KagUilinui ihM «nr 
■at m tlw pml A$St- Th« [MmilMinn wblrA b« ^t« 
ta Hoofy ir. ICiU"' En^tnd, to iu>^1p FfvLiDd, 
Ml (b* iM^dltloD that cvQvj- fADiIljr of that ifltuiil 
ahwiU pay anaiially a pwnj to ibe papal ctulr, 
oJj iplaruU WoTiff to tha pap*, l< vofftb}' tA 



tmnark. Un Uu» irnnt tin mbMiiimt popm fivuTnlc! 
tftf4r Dlaima nn Iralcmil ^Ai>ftr«ii V- iLTi-viiMiPi]^ 
called Cfnolonida i%«v. of (i«[i«. aBHlfiipaa IryiM 
of llie |i<i}"1f ibv dia|>Ul« Ltclmm KJiijf llrurv 111, ul 
JShclanJ and hia ii'>bli:«. m l&vuur <>! llici f'^nncr: bul 
<ii>d a laitDlh af(«r IxU Glv«1i<<t ti tbir pOENd oEmr, 
1974.' -A]»K]«\ VI ^ bnm in N&U, nin frf & latrhuatr 
of Utn^tt "mf prrrf'**-r In l^uvun, an-l In l^di 
VM iipiJOiiiiUsiJ Xttvor <i 41m Kiipcnjr <.^ltJU'Ert V. 
WIbu auibvaador uf Uh avipt^rur Mu,mjiUvi m 
15LS) be pcnukivJ Farlinand thr. Qubolic in w>mi- 
nat* y*}Vtt£ i.'hArW hia vLLfinaanr ba Oit^ SpMii^b 
IhliiiH, attv trhinli h# hnnp, in IMf^^ llithi^ o( 
TtofldM and ngmtfif Jfpaln, anl iv l!tlT ponlinfil 
TIm MpaoUrd* vdv nul pkMad «Uli bli aeTvrc ftud 
^U:^ pBtUI (otcramcQlv and cxuiwaod pcai jof 
vbcn, Bt Uit] tiMgiHliiia of Charlta V,, bvwaaekelad 
bv lb* |iftpa gCur, Jan. m iSOi, K* *># not la* 
haM at Ktm* fm mavht ff hbantipattiTtorlAauM] 
UMnMom and Ui boocal todatToon la nfonn Uu 
IMml OEMTi, la abolUt lb* prtnlttDf Inxai^r britevr. 
tm\ uib«r abfl^j haX Ida dbrti «r*n fruMnl*! by 
lb« cardhak »d, if ibaj had bMo noH^ul, (»ulH 
Mt bA*» prvTatkUd tb* p rnp—i vf tb« kCtfQrTaMli>P 
■llwJy bflgin In Gtfuaa^. A. «ppMfd tb« nal M 
l^lbv whb npraaohw vid ihivm ud avui tt- 



M «adl« EkvBUD aad Zuu|^iib anuDl 
Ub] b«l Ui ibiUlMV v«m DM «qiui to til* adiluig 
<Biif«n4j. ftb mMuiM «jE«lnt FtaoM alaa wort 
■■■iiriiaf il \L>lvltWtuii£nghkbf>«itaAirtaaiHl 

l£:33. afw a nidfa of on* jmr muI a Mf- H^ iri(n 
*fei, mtunliiig to Irii own ainfwiinu, tlm iu4l a^ 
LttBT HAcdglhblVa. On Ui IbibV, iu iLa Ohortb 
itWL Mr, b1bakll*wliw bpllaph]- 

la<lu. 

ItaiH- 



AtHilAH \d9 Cut«ll>>, a 1«aniHi ItAJjvo, «b«. from 
L Irpw oripn^ Tnitot bimwif v^ ili^ imr]lflv *h hen 
Lt < oniflto Id Tuftcuj- llo vmt orwn Binplflffd br 
luuiHToiil VIIL ill iituaiiiuB lu Kbv-tvjil aiirl Suuilaud: 
and (iiu-iji^ bin '14 V in (Ji° {"wiaai c^.vntr'T b« ju'iinifnl 
ibv frinLcJiihip f'f Jfpnr^ V'll., vhn cfvtfrrrcit rtn him 
th« Ht ol Hivnlnnl. vid aftarvuvli ibatof Ifalfa tad 
WtUf. lie, bnv«vpr. hvl riTJtrr ftiKl mon am^tloiB 
^Ivrti tliiui Bft Kijl'IliJi tjinliifjjriih (uf be tlwv3( fllbMtjr 
*1 liuiUf. wbcK be AAB llUMUViTfoJ E^i » (Jui (v d^ 
Lbmitf I-co X- and devab. liiiaKlf t« tbtt Tftoint 
ahur- Hia pr<jf4M4v troA nnnluj^itHl ijarl hv And, it 
IB *Md, tfi l[t^'4j lib lb* liithfipnf Lh| '|>i<nC» ^bfw fa* 
illi-ik. Mn wiu DOE onl; liiint/iFf « U^uiiftP ii«n, but 
ilUJflUifv lo«L Ui bim a LbonJ uiil dbaiudiuliii|f 

AurJATniirLr ^Tuikijli, ^Jirnf^^ , tljc ppMod (dtr 
nf tliv OttnTmn rinpjr*, in iho vilay*t ol tb* aana 
nutit^, nhikiit U>l (i4iln W.N.W. fno] IJoiutantiTtflplfl, 
r«n t)ir IMLrltiJi luio. ffrfirvf, At Iti Jimcflin vith 
tb' TuliOJ4 l^id the ArOb. TC HlaMJn i>r ibr nnilh 
■Ideuf a Utke |>ljim|ji:i[irt mJtJi liillh, nn Qiw^if vbicb 
It III pHftially bitilt, u amir^imh^ I j acTflnk bfidntr 
iiumkund«l bj oM wdk and JcfL^rfdo^ I^Alftwali 
in vhlch nn kd vti-nikJ mil t, ^Auiion'tHuitT^, 71m 
iirtcta art ?BHi*rlul)ly nirrnrt anil *1irtf Ainc*^ 
itiu publii: biiiliJiiit-i. Ui( ijiivt ijiiixiftatit an tb* 
ETtBt miK^uD viUi four tall uuDanli. and ■ lUIjr 
dvAfnud int<Hor,boU*Tvd to bathe irioaliaWVlflaMt 
ta th« ilotliu wrkl: » poJac*. one* Iba rtaimttm «( 
ftuitan SaUm: a grand aijuailLieTt. vblehiunfiM tta 
tily a4th VaCiT; and ft iniUiidfal bauar, Mnot 150 
limxv h^i^, wvU fundibad wilt jwfJlMir, ■— 1¥^ 
thftwliK Sw. Tb« Bittivfa«tuna ooMit djafly «| rfll. 
wcoUeaj a&d wttM rtuA, aadiQea, lad <Akoe>H *im 
ott* of i«a^ tobao«o, baW-v44, Iwdbt, ke., ais 
cnioflBd In flfrnddrniMn qiinnfiti**- AdrJaraiijiJ* r^ 
Mvwl ila pntwni nutnr fmin ih^ Itttman ■■npHvrff 
AdrLaiij wlm rvhoUi n lu iho M cvnniiT afla CluM. 
oj^iliDikile it ia|hlal lit tba pru^luufl ^ff Mvunt llvainiu 
la l^t^l U «u Lfikcai by Amui«tb 1-h n&d itaa lli* 
■vudciLoc j)( tha TurUiib potT^rffipu tilt tbv cvnqgvii 
ril l^mituilin'tpie in H:<^. In Xag- Xt'iSf il ««• 
Ukim hy the Kuuluu, «vlki> Ivlalbtd It lUI a trHKf 
uf T^^aoD wiw Bii:D«L rcit>'i]>tian ia \B<Ht anvrdtsf 
taHtP IltiLuliL'uiuul.aO.OiK) ((9,000 bujitfC^riiCiiB 
■ud 4CO0 J dm). 

Al'fcUsi't or HahRIaII'h WAU-i a «<1«lM*i| 
FJiirun wc^rk m lb« nmtli "f Kti^UhiI. tniat^ tn pr*- 
Urt l^ R>mnn miLi^itraU bi ilir toiiUi of IL fruni tlit 
aluidit of Uiu OaIoIuuSpjii, imiiI (uiikiiUlijr urifmalljr 
uf acfvnJ lUicfl cif fiqt^lii4liuu, W« dw ii'jt know 6v 
cCTtowit bow inudi cf it *ap tviutructod W Hadrifllh 
Licjl rwBijt iimatii^vtan bBJ»«* that U* dfldc^ 
namiTK^inl hy bim ahniit IVO A.n , itM <if|lHJly 
aUDplelcd is bla nljpi. timigb lb* cnptror Snm 
oi^ bftT« nitond llMid tnmduoed ha pim — t ittWL 
l^otvitbrtaodiiiiE (^ dcalnwlin cAoto td tiu* «bI 
tb* pbiE^'b. Hn hvtificatJQUi may i4lU b* tvaoad Ift • 
tukrably dirvot lima, Piirriiif; « liula to tb* *Vllv 
frriin thn Hn^wnv t^ 1hk<1*nii< lu^ai \oa«a«llii, adU* 
tann of bboui Tl rnllo. TfaodlEh-nst Una* of wvki 
wti-Dsa fuUir*!. — Oil Lbe iHX'Lbmi kldo «u AnI m 
diuJi Uu ur tivcl^t' fi<t dn-p; im Ui^ luiiUKm «l^ 
of tJift Jitcb WAfl 4 rtoiiii HaJl on^iiUfLlj, i| ix btlurtd, 
«VChti»*ii ta turntyfHt hitf^, ikiiijjh tba ■kcI p«itM4 
naonanl li Dot rartre tban rl^t It waa ftn»n di M 
4flitI«K tblck, aotkUy bu.lL uf blDcU cf aqmvt-taMm 
frwtiiKW, and ite n-Ji^m amy •liE fcveavi fvr Inv 
dutanaat; KHitb <if thn -waJL naa hl wtthm laaijiwlt 
and than annlbrr iJitcili, iaUiftod \ff ttto fHllir 
mnporu. At tutvr«iUa i>t a &iuiaB Bdia AlACiir llii 
kail «*rp tuwvfi firiy ortiily FeM ■qfiu*: Hhib at 
lungiT iultrvala tbre »<Tf aUrtit l«rmty HaHou 
aMiioK •• furiMtt p«U vr foii u i u h nd 



I 

I 
I 
I 




ADRIATIC Sl^^ADOlJTBItT. 



SO 



gnapiolb 



__ .._ bj lliD llet> Jufiu C, DrucD. 

'JijiliiUlU Bo, or i;cri,r or Vwjuc^ <uu^ ^orc 

■uh MM tlbc W. oAAlf i^pf Turkey^ L>jLlii]&Urk, mul 

nulet; un vCuDrtoJ at Jhbvul eC.OOO *^. riul>:a. [u 
dfjitli in tb« N-, botw-tu J«bu vul Vdiuo*, in only 
ftnm IV to SIJ fAthnrov^ biit iTHn^um* ict imMVwilnatf 

betwnu iu cuulru uj<l Jto cinma». Al ilm tut^u^ 
b tM m V tti Otnato J>ii<l Vklnujo., it* iltfil}! Uk* dc-L u- 
daad S£$ fiuLon)^ biti incrouB ivrj ruiniLlv tawiuU* 
t!M Intuan Sao. tij oppoMilu thckmri pr^onl k uttikin^ 

Itaal vtib liJucIt anil furultlLul vitli j^id ti&rbDun. 
bub llual|r |iouiil<:il *inil ojluihiaIivtIv vUtElc. hLUc 
lh« W. Of* Lrw, *lul]i]4, AuJ ill pruf iJoil witia liiu> 
boufs tboq^ ifviunJly ]H»pu!j>Lia pjk) feHitn. Tbo 
AdhfttiA b *Tid«ntly & ivrntinuihliim nf tii« Innic^' 
indiiikl nlla^ of thi^ I'o, fArmlnjf a Iod; and nur>iv 

aod tht iiiPiintjfti* irl lU^riib, Hiv utcmvliidi it 
|ignl«ai, buiicLiUrlr Hid Fn, ifai priuf*] f*B^i 
liBiVa nfoluco^i vr an itill pNNLdDliije, enaL £(»- 
toglau akangfl* Ui lt« bwin by Ui*ir oUdvUi 4ppn«U, 
H«nfB A^'riK brtwnn tlw To nnil thr Arll^. wliioh 

parU I* IWT 1A luUiv iutaiiil, Tim himiH uf ibc 
A^riatio an ^sralty up huI down, HJdom rifbc 
athwart; and u nauBM^ trlMk tb«]r **• vniaU; li^lit 
and lutabJi^ th« navl^Unti li eoiuldnad mSn, oai- 
viUutvidln^ AuafA'jnol viutjan KjifikJI*, wFiitb umt. 
liDiB |)rvtii fhUd lo vtidrbi oui^fbl wLiIkaiI vuflltJDnl 
Mfrfwau Ifi mulftf Imait ^. lilMtaj oallvd b«rw. 
■MMEM&lf A CDTiuptJOit nf bona< TOlh doVA frrmi 
UQ wbniQ UoD of Kilt JuUob Alp* wfilh fanbtiUv 
fniy. H«nd» ll;a Vwo^Uuia ia J?i60 pnliibitiHl Oiv 
iMam of llitar 4hi|u> |iv|ii>i«in I,'rth NcfmlAT luul 
tOlta Jtawirj. Thf prlttt^pnl tmlm^- fnrts nn tbr 
lUAu iUa aic BrliidJiJ) AnOr'aiOH niiiJi;at:La, aipJ 
V«BiGV; W i^ fiMl »tJr. Fjliul?, ISrano, l\>Uj aiiJ 
TUiila^ pai^vulvly tJu liwL, M^lilub {» iht pflujiup«l 
aM#«t of AutlniL, uil poHaLiar* ■ Itfuy* twa, 

AAlTrv^ A(i]il,ls "f 7^TM,tA» a jwa[xirt on thr 
W« OoMt of tfat hnl Sh* tnt U' i:>' >'„ tciD. AV 
Cy K T1iLivj;b ouQir^Jtly LiiiJurLujt, it Id uow u 
|jdliX iilaoe, A wnrl'lo laUvt villli afi uut-nituMi 
was laaad la tlifr tuiut. ZmiUa. bju Uttdt^ 1in>l 
a tavponij inbfnvt a* tb* Inmtiti^-pJiuif »( U;^ 
Abfwiian rt^litutn, E^nT-^^- 

AuirLriLiiT. BJnnfcLnd. in abnc^t iJI ngpe. and in 
aflntilunl vuudUi*!!. lurr Ei'^ai^"'! tl^i^ -^ii'ldtLUiL i>f 
tba oanufiQ-bed vilb ■bb'rrrtiiH. |i hafl iitxtt 
p^aa^td IB vanoiB nyi\ aiad with dlfFumtit dtiprrK* 

lutval* of tlw TQimCrj : ■omctimrc vltb mn-rui^ iknr] 
■tRi ct^icJ riifour ; in otbor iaitODOH with 4a]iiici<»Lit 
aad hditfutt>u* peid&Huai- Ifr tbd Jeivlali taw it wv 
punl^oJ witK JoAih- t^tralu uy> tli*^ umo wu tli« 
^UV fal Aiabia Fall'- ATnnnE; the AJidoiLt EOTftum^ 
li|««« Wit ftUnnHDt f'iitwbi<n il 'tJ.f ixr-^irft t1viuti»m] 
latbua WBH hifiiTtoil 'tn (lur inhri, imil thr> vi-ftAn wu 
d4|viiitd of hdr tiifup. In fii^wc ibr Uh * iiu,miv< li 
Wtfv aftnv. Tlin xr\ch nrrv hiiartiiua* itll'iw^^t U> 

Um wanan'a fatW rtftirtitd lav dowrtf «l'U>b te Kul 
f>ori*w i Ixftat tba huibanrl. ^m* infij^Hir* ii. Uiu 
i«laBd«d t^tka adulUrar A froquait pumnhimrit 

adiillcrm wvra tbini^l U> il^iiih- t^v tbn ]it*w at 
DniW bbJ &L>n ^^ulttfiw, when oukgbt in tbfi *(l, 
tbfl u<n^ of tb4 uijoml |«rty. AdUM:>cBB»a 



vm iraliibitcd la Qnm trvia appw-Iiiv !n dnn 

tlioA (ilk oflb]]«c wtA Biada eapibaJ W b IhVr t^f 
K^niiuJua, 4D(f a^iua by thw Ti^tv TabUej Dthon 
that it vat Arht inbU c^pJlaJ hy AnjiuiCui: ai}<| 
<4hbn nnt til^ Lhn lYJietk of LoHfltanttiLr- Tht Fact in 
tLal iLu iiv»iii>W:Jib lapa Left bu Lbu dlKrciion gf tlia 
tiuibuiil iMiJ i«recila uf ihs aduiioivm. Tbff Umb 
uiubl uiol? of takJuf; rdmnnc tnu tj taiililatUiiCj 
voMtntib^. ur cmttiag cJT tbo mjt <v notc^ Tha 
finiiiiihimviit amijpiaI hy ibi^ 'rv Vrr/t^t pfr nriaittrit, 
lUftUlutod by Auit-uiiut. noa hanlxlimv^ti era hnavy 
liiiT. llh vu dnjTciI by AljluuJiuii UuiL tiKiBtain 
M cliaJx** uf B^LllUtl t<»IlMl 4 n if?, tltc lilL*tilt:iil will! 
lM%i]4(bt.il miM bammidniibb^niHli. l^Ei-ii-r JtikJirinuit 
ft^lulUrupt ifevr* bunxJatailjtk*, Uad«CaattaulJaa 
4ml rnhfl^kn', IbirT Vfiv tnimM, or af<«#<1 Id mickt 
uiA iLTuun iuLo Ibt kil. Vol th« fiuiLlaliiiicni WM 

LulLi^ftlcd UUiii-T 1j-'i^ HljJ MwtijIJJ to |ilTji>tIii.\I Uui- 
LvbmcdtH "S uultlni; o U ibc a^jpc, auJ tmd*j Jutticuui 
Lb( wifd wu anbr Ca Ixi Hwurgpj, leva livr <Lowtr, and 
(>« ahiut lip ill a mmniurt'tT; at th» npMitkn «f bwi> 
jMra ibo hi]«t4ikd inialit take lurit^ain; If ha n- 
tviir^, ihir woA ihnML-ii anil nudfi a tiun fnr lif<L 
TkdudiiDdut inxtitutad ilii idiDvkinf i^aiallir uf iiaUio 
ridatiob, which, Inwcnr, ba knon «li<4LBb«d, la 
E>ataadult«rfir*wimiDriaHd «^lla«dQ]<atHi eioblvm 
nf tb*ir ffTviniiiuiy. uiH wrrivd in that dnat ti> Iho 
mBoiitralDi LoiJiL.^ wlii-Pi! a niUBoalnipfaDd an thttrn, 
luid ihtr.y ihHTB ili'pnvt^d fi dl thi'lr iirtvilaf^ and 
tlvir hUin- la tiuLlIc UudEikv, Tliu piiiiinbijivDt in 
uAo uD4l%- blw JJ^a;^<liBna i* tb< ftfifvitiire i>f a b^Si 
whilst U onilly aoMn vufy amicably by tLu woauni 
UtD ^paUant^Bml llie i?iick<Jd. in iutaafartaaf l&dla 
it lb i.aiJ that arjy vuiiuin may proHJMta hwJf fcr 
an vUiphant. aud it u njinjttil no mull flniy tobn'* 
bnn ta^ » hi^lii AuulU^ry i* ntjktiil Ui luvi> l«nq 
vciy coQUbuD at Oeylob. tvfa nhl^n i>uiEi>Ldb]i} witTi 
diMtb^ Aiuuu^ tbc Joiaiu^av lUiil eoiue DtLcruutJorw 
[ulult^fj » iiuiuiliflUe uuij in tha woiuaii. Amunff 
thu Akiy-oiJEJiJLiLH tlie irimr nf tIjL- bimlanii » punjahHl 
nn thfl ihhorfnT, wifu. On Iheatiitru?, in tlis MarlMiia 
libmJn ihv uoiuaniB uut pumBhahlt, bgt tba man Ii, 
and Ht rtifu and bor ndaum iraMe Lu Und*, Iiueq 
biiii uut oJ lbs houa^ Ao. Juaoag Uu Llun««o 
bliiJttiry ia uol 4apilal; loud panota will •t«ii maW 
umiiEnf^ VL'itb lh«fiitiirwi KiHliniiflifif r,hfLrpiiiij];ht#ifl 
oolloA iLcm ihc Lndulfenw ol afalkiTit. tu L'or- 
tuifal au b>JtiIlL'rvH b cundi^miiul Ui Uio fUini;!, but 
tii< puiuAliUiciit in mlduiu vmxuLn)- By tlui wirinit 
InvfM ejF I'lmw tbik nimniHfff |niiLiiiuklilra vixh ^jcruh. 
In >^pxiii pFjiinn&l iniiliJatLflib vk« Iro'jiitnrlly I^'ia 
punjtIuLiFTit «ifoplii), In IViUitil. pri'VioUBlv i-i l|io 
MlabluhEiieut of (.Itriitlcuiity, tbr frt^iutJiAlHuuanlal 
t.> lUc ULiukEl'pbiLif. feud iticir fivLiiiiiO lu^iiujbiuuualy 
witb a nail ; a niAur wi^ 1m<L intbiu bin nscb, aui 
bu bvl tb4a|iti<4i la etro^jtn iri'ta'< mi himaolf* or 
n^iiiaiu where hi- wu Aiifl ijii^ Tha Khinibi «inhiBiiHi 
tht" ii([iill*iv*" to III"' Hahip*, ftr)d ovrr TiT iiAh™i 
ert'CLed a gUibul, on wliLch Zipf f mamuur irai lianjfBd, 
Kiiiu KduiiJuJ lliD ^biuii iifdcjtil iiJulIvy to la 
pimitbal in tbtiAUjM; iLijuinci u buuiiddv^MidCabala 
Ihn Dui* flTdiKvd ihil cKo uRumiaf ■lu^uld bd ban- 
itbcdt ami tht woTki&n bjivit hir fnn Mini unu* out off. 
In tbf tlm^ ol Uanrj L. iLl^ puiLUIiinrni wiw f^jually 
liubuEiiua, 

A<Iu3L«iy IB ill EasbkEid duiUHJared a 'Hfitxal 
(ifTcnrt^ <:a;^ifiili|e by thi *|iiiiliiid civvt^ whoiv tt 
u prinLohvLi by fLrn- U)4 pviwnAs, Thg commoa bkw 
ritlriMA l.htt puty a^jr^rwl only aa action and 'Jim* 
ii}ii'* 11» llali0innicdan avie pmrioinuiia adultofV 
H UijiluJ utt'ducip. It ia ono of tba dina crhnn wUkJi 
tlic Fnpbat dincia t« bo «xpialnd by L]i« Itlwil of a 
MuaMuLiBui. In Vlmnotf Hfnro tk* lEDf^Jutioiit an 
vJuUcrwfl vfBJ uaanJly ooadcffiatd w a chpnwatf 




40 



ADVfiST—ADVOCATB OF THE CROWN, 



k 



•thfiv the buiibwi't oaalJ afiil her <lurin(* Iwo ^catv, 
ttud Uikc ber bh^li if Lc mw nt If lir Jiii nai vhoufs 
ta T9iwna favr t^iLS Iit I^)*i «>fiinitioTi uf tJuii timo. 
hfir IjHir unw tdumui, ■&■ tnok iluv Hnltit of tltr nm' 
vcfit. nril rvuiAlnad lte» for h^■. WIhtv lKh furtln 
wen: iHior. Lhr nife '"'^^ ^ '^^^ "^P "^ *^° UonfAltl 

nlluw thiT liiulivul lu frrWHd ■gkiul bit wSfa f<kr 
ftdultflTV if b* lui^ Iwaix evikfjaitiuwl fi^r l^n UkUtu 
nIVnp*, Ttii" wiff 'an Itnritf ui 4i:tiE>iL >^iiLi<tL l>ic< 
hutbuidoaEj- if bo 1» InUDduwd hi* nraiiiuur in^i 
biid himm vhon •^ c«idi« An »dulhifn* nii Lp 
impiviaeJ frviQ tbra* raouths to Iwa vvnn, Tlic? 
huihwid «a prtvnt Ibv *x«ciibiiBi of Ifw HnttiLt'* 
af haiD** At to t4k4h«rbudc. Hot mrlTtH tn i^iiilt 
!■ UshZfl it Oif vnwif pimL^hmriLt Iti t^f^ ITnitnl 
^llTT lh« punlAhiDtul cif odnlt^ry hu vnri^il mnlo^ 

mH* aa pdullov or adolluw uui^ t*.- id oq 1b« 

IjiUii — Cor una boiUi bt pnUlielr ^vbippuJ, be impri- 
•ovd, nr An«H- All at nt^r of thrm» punuhmirBtv 
luy bftiiLfUrrlM. BrtonlJiHf tft thsdnj-mr i>f tbf* nffpnr^. 
Aifbltatv bk liuvfcvur. vvry acMuJit jfiuUthod cr^iociL- 
diUy ill uiir t'tii^ t4t*L». 

JParffpnfiinrl n'pilfltitlir rrinj-/" "^ "-trr-T TIh* 
VMM H Applied to Ih* half tvuttn vhi^-h noi^ijint thi* 
four DP ill wifwlu prnmlintT i.tu^aCnuuL 'i'h? Kjihiaii 
CBlhullon ■paiid ihi* K«<jn iu fuLm^'. buiuUiACiuii, 

JUd IUBJcTh M if 1irD|iuilk»r ful' IIid rA^DptluU [:ir clw 
Savinur t^i ihn woj-W, Tbi» lialj Jtrnmrraj u fiml mon- 
tloafld b/ M^timLii l^urinanai-, a liivin*, in on* of 
bda hamUlH, vntlfii in t^n niiiMUi i>f ihp Mh rf>Titi>ry, 
bat In fi^dDil to biTv bc^n IniiLtuicd bj^ Sl Fvtor. 

coaadf hvM >! I^Dndit in tboAlli nulurr, iji ot^tt 
thfet ChriflliiuiA tniEht mon f niL|EiDhtl/ pArlAln in thn 
Lord'i dap]»r 

ADTEKTUlur, Belt, or: in crrrrMnei'M, & wnLrng 
■il^nivl tiy a ifmnhitnl, ti Umlify Utnt, tKn ^nmIh 
pApfiDl an boud A «rUi(L rLwrJ Ivluntf li> miutlii'r 
psnon, vb4 ia to tako iJi* buiuJ. tkv aubMiiUT 
■il^tiiuc anl7 Vt oblige hliWDlf tv fef<«uitt U> bim (vr 
thn p^iio«- 

AfivlEvrirnEitn, Tnt AvrtTTJiF; nn utini-nt cimU" 

Cy (tf iTfMvihjiiitiv ifffUii tnt thn dincovrry nf im- 
wii rrciom. nm-ninf new chMinebi of tAd«. Ao, 
H wi^iualfJ ia UurKUUtlTt uiil haa HUbiiibod by 
Juhii, ]>Liko ul Brabukti la ItllS, fof ibc aii<MHir>«:*' 
iBAiLt uF Eo^li tmd o^« onwfllunU bt Anl*vrf^ 
It WhH iflwrwirfi oofiATIIurl i« Kiiylfcn.l hy HilwirJ 
in, nwi IV, RiehaH III, Hrtiry TV, V., VI.. 
■Dd VII. t mnd b^ pBtriLt nl tiiv lvit>iDfiitiniii:d 
lumuuvb in If/OA tlivy mrfvad lie (Itlt «irDA<nif 
nUrmfHrcn. Tho ldHobikm «F thb EafKob wdrabul 
adfmil^rvn %i Autwarp »m in 1550 lu (frHl llu( 
th»T ntTf Ai^l* tn ]vii*L •in*rt«Kfiil]y the «<tLHU■^r■aclI]l 
cl tb» liuioliltioii In Uiu oltj?. 

AnruCATft ** Tlifi Okoitdii 9tatk A&vocatb;. 
Tin iutitcitiuu tff mvB advDMVv ur ^Uk< *kUir- 
fhijv {man ilff'frr ^U<f), vi^b u fouiid la ■Lsotb nil 
taiitn fl^rttrnB of fBwamnHint, bu bfl«D dawKpi* 
AAValL iq^iUfd ■■ m Ftwiiv Tlitf vipAntinii nl 
Iba 0lfL» of Jadn frnm ftTT 4iibJ^ hu hwn Ih^^Pf 
«an)|]lat«d. wVbli W uvt milj iiiUU|i«icKb]e um piin- 
optei i>f KBiLDr»] iTtiiBlibiiliotkd Lr*. biit idw Jnir- 
aciU, IbM ill* t^^pl* ^"-y *** i^ ^Q jiK^i^uTT ja^ft* 
ontj, and t^t m^n vhi,by viitqe at ihrnt oifiM, nn 
dU^jaJ to uk" fKTiv i>f tha rni'nnu nl i^a «utp anik 
Ab fOWniMD^ aud wUo. vliru tli^v liitfrcMi ale 
1b fiMlkSb tmm ba PiwuiS kl Oh.- umv tlnit 
benpntywil ittdt^ ll ja u^t jLifliLiunt iljjii tin 
JB4ca b* pcrttruUjF favnoMw <^f intiiartUlit t : h* 
jAoioM b* VI tiEoalrd Ihat nn |i&rti<Tii|jii- u1K»rt nhnukt 
ba f 4 < tff J %9 attain IL, ThiM* nvhn Biprfar Utrrc 



ilie jadft shfitiild hava no ofcaiam b» Joubt jL Ii 
DiiMt ba ttaditnd aa a partif ulv tLrfoT} ia cmuiul 
pn>caadtega ff Iba juJga ii ablkpni b^ lila nffiM iii 
nfciEpy til* pbvnfe nf lUviiTib-r, an hi irniiit nn^^tftnly 

S^jwmr lo ll* th* luliF-ninry 'i' iIjp Annapil prnniit. 
L> avoid ihov iix'Li])V(?jiLTTiictdL tXw oJHoD u( liubUu 
adfocatv WH cflloUihbcJ iji tVwjn in twlY lanoB, 
ao J pDUtftutwl vimab^U piA of Ifaa aabilibvbcnoiit 
for tbu ulruifiutTvtttJn of jiulifr- la Vntusa, mrfa 
rHimtly. ■»(<■ mJtiH^Tjv vr,ti- ^hnr^ahU wilJi bMn^ 
)iilii]flnctd liioiuut>hby poIlttcnldlETornioHotoplQlaii, 
ll oaujinC be tlottii^I liiifct t^i? Jc;>vjjilaii3? uf tho vtwb 
bltvtala uii tJlii wuvcEjLiLunl lia» ■ Lcmlenvj to ^tb 
jL vutWu bib ic tbDEf uQicJitl eoiiilur^. Hut (]ii«L hua 
[■ nnl VrfTy ptfl^imnit*, Iiw^uliu it !■ a nriVAnmii kiitl 
ntlural (vih*'^iLinini> nf thntr LtiDrilQ] iiEiittlon. «iul 
the JudifD if nqulird u n«Il ai nDpcmcnd ta vcalA 
it.— iCuiiLkuJ ]iA« a1*ii lin fu;jFTivr BLnle «■Jtvtllla^ 
thv nffcimcy r/fif/TTj/ ujiil tfifi'Vru'^'jfnfni/; but jq 
oonfoi'iiiily ^lilb tbo Kn^luJi juiljinarr ay/ibwin. tbMT 
iph«r* if vitmn lb mui-h tiM>Tr- limiUd, nnd t* nut ba 
In* (wmpift'fl with tbht iii ihi.* Firnnli ntnvtirf pvttti&. 

Liiiloc^H lu lUc lUMiit^ wvi l>v Ll» itaIvi>c9i.Mv Elf tlir 
cii»wn; ImiI a ^:t<At titnl ([f'p«iul* on tAtt injumJ parlVi 
an'] tba ■nudmiuff nin^itraCp* orth* juitiow af ij^ 
p»*<ii> IlicFiaRiier hufilin tb^ir pinniP, hy mraUUnj^ 
Ui appMT Ht ibp inil lulEhoiieTi Ijitblv lo punUhmcnt 
Uit w duiiic), lu defeat the wbubj pPOCOediDu : ud 
jiL octT tcBdiiifi iif ihn cuutta a uupt avtabar ot 
B^jciiK-l pti-Fxpnn w -ict tux, beoauiw, aflvr a pubtia 
KuminniLa or pMulMnhtioti ino'Mjrl tin ftnititi ■p]WMt 
■ifAinit thvtn. — Ilk SffitlanH tbr Inrti-aiti-cmu icalltit 
aIiii) the ki^t «r fwm't arfrffraUl L« ui oinc«r ctf 
IfTvHt powr ml iUi^lIIt, ^iii|f lliu public pniMKotrir 
af Eirim^ KBin Winuw fur tha ita*u in vivU cmiw*. 
ftn<1 pomcaaing nuoh politii-ol infludrLoa 1Ia i* vir- 
tuikity HCnUify of *tat« tor Sc>^iJanil, Ho rmiv^ 
111* kjipAbiCrnanl from tbp eruHn. uri'l yoca H>iit cf 
offloi *lib thn i*Iminiiiinit'n>ri in vvhi^-b bi Ufnrtp. 
Afl piiblic iinsucnbtr h* « vxiAt-'tL by Ibn tAlidtot- 

Sfinfial KEiif l'> ftoir jiinujr oaontfl oJli^l ail*mfaa 
r-piilci IIm pTOf^iifatcprY>Aif«liDftke tkt i<nliixui»irr 
iurjulTkU LntocniQVi (Virumittfyt In their 'Ititnda, baJ 
Imidiiiil tltiilr pApi-n (u thn hTrtl-ndh'iu'utf, wham th* 
rtwi- it atlTivr l«t ti\ lhi« prcwnrnVif'lijfcal nr i* riurr«i| 
HfifuiT tl» Ifint lulvoralc or cjdo (if bb uiblaaii In 
thv liulidia^y oouiU. J u vriion of a capital nalmv 
bo bu ftlw tbo power of mtriMiiii; the teataiDt ta 
HU arbitrary puniahmwtl, «r a pintiibifimil at tha 
JiKTvtiun rif tha JorlgB ivbirh «iqm ant niaad ta 
J'xili, Thtf tr>nl-blvaciata and tl» MlUlCir-gflBBll 
AfT tho nnly wlvocata In Sotttaad vbo «aaf 4Dl 
|i>«ika and phad wtlhla IIk W-— In tfar Uuibnl 
Statca Uko atianeyfcnenl U u pffi^r uiidi-r Iba 
{•Jifr»J A»ruliliitiuiL. (n>Tmiiorulii]|; nilirlanljjilly (n 
[hit Kn^liah law-<>Hi(--r ** tliHt mm* Hi- diity^ h 
dr^Tlnt'l liy thn Ia* iA iMfngyfy, in in provruu kiid 
oiiiidurt all Bulia bi ihe lupmur »jfjrt <if tbv Uiduii 
in wluL'b Uk I7ii]lnl 8L*t« ftball be v^iui'tnxfd, anl 
\o aivc hi* mivirt luid opiixion u|v»n cjunlian* {if Uv 
whvn TV<|uind by Ihv ifandanl of llm IThiV^I }tla«ai| 
nf trhm Tn|niftnl l-y th'< <it1tivn at thn hrwl nf baj 
r>f tbp il4pairtiDfFnui umrlnnf «ny matun Itial may 

i^DKtn IbcLr dDpATLlIiL-iiLa- III bJil]|iiL<| |0 Uik l4«- 

LiSdu the |{iri«m limit 'if tlit Unlkd Blatn hat Ea 
«A«linf tb« feUtpH (wbi<ih in juiHdhl praoa*di>^* ar* 
ftirM dittri<ft\ a d^MTrtrl dfhn-nfy^ a« ha ia tf«0«^ 
■imnBdnty u »%, vitlim hii |jwtt4?iil«r vFat^, In fioai 
ouie on bchall of Iho I.'nitr^l ^LAtn aU ^lotlnarietrto 
tDroriinnaad4^fTDnrA»vi"™^li^ miilft ib* autinrilf 
uf tba L*iubfid fllalva tawa, am! jil] ciiil aeCim* la 
*liiab tlw rnittfd !<tiht« aboLl In i^iiinji— d. wiwl 
thaw whifh cnnu* b*lnrw tlit vurnvkv oatjfft, ta Bt 
rlbtnnt in vhiob Uut oinrt ahalllw baldon. Ik^da 



I 
I 



I 



B^da m 



ADVOCATES- JIG.-SOS', 



41 



laWbfBccnuF Oh: c-mani] f^rvniui^iib of ilm 

APiUiDVivp InP !!■ lnnUn4J«iilului«oDJi^r<1l*lri'^4: 
■ml tbair dut[« lUv i'> pfTHkrouiu umI <li-f«iii) lii all 
««uc«i crludo*] uidinviE.jviibiit; mdcr thu ]»»] biwn 
of thux i!D*p(ttivc ■Utu, JULil la irludi tliiut oifia 

' AdvocaTIzji. Thin prnfmnn hw |iLnTT'ii & J^-n- 

■■jfactJilI* Ut ihn i)af«itoti vf crirpiiiJU i:^uiitjiiiniiijK>it' 

*DCMa of KnglfrQtl IhIid miw ajlnil barriilin/ *tm 
Aniris) ftnd Knuicc ud uri*n niui of lil^h nnlr, 
CDJojriiw an wnplt iinuoib vod tb* ppiJtpdOt ol lUUib- 
isf bi^biieUitdwiiiMdf Ihtrtttei U«naf iIja 
bMt uUftt« thtnfg»> ftn fovjul In tlbil» fuln In 
Oflmmf aiH vrnia ut Iho oIIlv Muntriu ot ICmopa, 
Ih* tdnctfa ouapj • cacnpikntlvaly aahunlinau 
■Mllos in ihn aontiK. Hm prnfrnpilcm Ia tln'W f^nn- 
■Idvvd osiy u ■ lirepanktf7 sbrp ti pu^Hlr rmiilor- 

iM^Ri in cvovn] to Ibcwj of Ii^^Urul awI i'nfiffu j 
nfbt tlifl IVhniA Kitminiatimlxm of jiuilioa lliun ■vit1^>n 
fmn ihA Nuuw fiujan, TtiKm uf- rKfivpCiniin, bnvvvFir. 

III c)i4? FetiicL juYi-Julii^ii, tbs iKAycii ulcJ tlig uiuat 
ln|KkFlAat pact in puliliu otDun^ 

AtiKuvlz St^tfatarttlK^ vmvtt panonit appojulail to 
Haif*firi ihf righl* tind pf^fwrty *l( ih(* oliiin%h 'I'hf^ 
■MB <Uir jiIpH. lu-i^ikrilinp t<f thrir ■oTcmZ omrc^ Inio 

wcft Brat Afipiriutfil uiul<jr tlic CLtrn^ulKlup uf r^LilJcLo- 
71h p3p^< At tli£ ivmc timr, iii,«Linil nrilrm ttint the 

^wntoa- Thn*nrV«BimnnlkiitFUflodtOHnr">i. 
but afttnnvili wirv bnli orvn 1a nanvdlii : t.^ tht 
GtfniAti EDWmr. Llur Kmti uf Ftuihv, Iv^., bvciuti^ 
■fffWBlii of Uiiv IttiiiuU] i'hiin'Ji, Tliii iiJvnialrfui -nt 
Of«r VBjfto oburoliM vimiiiLnifivd jihIjh'' in trcnUr 
kftinln the ntinxtl tliv biil^ip* nnrJ thv (Lbbr>t4. a^Dtl 
htA JUffdlclLink opvr tllf^Jr qrhnEo ^iioifC* tu ovu' 
of imccaidty Itiny dufanilHl tbn pri][wrty of ibir i'1i'rt'> 
tnr funs of arml Iu iliit n^iirLH f^f juniii'M tluT 

Wi<M «MU>Wtod. ThFJBU| ^ i> I I Tin . .H.iEk'M 

d tbf tlth«« And tb*«tlwf tvviiiim'^ 'jf iLiM <.Ijiiin:li, 
BoJ OQijai^lH an tlia put vf tfi^ a>iivihiN, idahv 
fanaftoM ADil onmlitiirAHa mrenum Aft#<rH ttm^, 
(b«aadironlMmiltb«Ir>«Wl«aUl»coiaJiif jl burden 
U lb> <laiET ■»! Ili« pNplo uultfr tlioii L^buKc. « li^ 
Iwigi lA Hffcr BV4V«lj fti>m Ifadr *vMi?e, iti: 
dioH W MUmpUtl tagftttiit of th»DL tTrl>M] IfT, 
litliAimd aadeljvtfrlhii rhimh from tbn» tpprr«nn, 
bat m« nitl4iiiWinil m flml^ a p- H^ri, ttir Gtrmim 
prvbitMw in cuDni*iitit>t with ihc Kmy^ior li^til^ric I.. 
«90«td Itj it. UndaJ iht Eiiii>ui.rr Fredtitie 1 1, iniftt 
«l lb« G«Tnih uliiiri?Hai nurwcfJcd, howovfrj in 
■bftliahifig Uuv offin* bj tbr gwit of lugv auini of 
woaamy ud of vmicu* urminniti**. 

Airroc^TKi^ LiBfULtv, Alhiuc tbajrcw lA^O tit 
IWillly ot &iivDC*bcfl iu Kdiiiburitb founded it liUwy 

Kaa eTlnvi>« pUn. nur^Ftod l>r Kir rk»r^ 
■uitaf K«0lui]£lL ^vaciLtB (u Churls H, Jind 
JudmII , vhn'Tirirb'vlit niib many vnlirikltlfi ho^lu 
It h*il Bi^ Otpi fnnO M, Ttnn.H h^n wm iTKTwwd tiy 
doBXlooi »uJ by tiii-'h ■tiiiLt » iLv fuuLilty frT>[ii iiiiic 
to ■iufldB^utAl Ifj Lbd puEctux. 'if tii>ul[i. An tliv 
dnidkAiiiaB ^■Wfa tiol dKti£(iDl tc> ■Jv.ietuIeip ibf ItWarf 
«■■ oaAndwd ^ kinJ of imliliu libmryj kod it hu 



Umr'd, aWi^ wild oUfbC \'i\i'-j librwijnt, Ifap rlj^ht to 
atv^ppflf iTvrynow Wvb pu LiUvLod In Britti^D, whicb 
rijihl it «Ull pna*v«Hrt. Tlw nuiulwr of tfubiinu* 1« 
''atilElbtM ftt laOHflOO, lA lint Ihc llbriry ii }». 
JuLly inturior only t<> th^t iif Uih llriluli Muamiin 
vtd bhv Biidl^uni* At OAfiin!, It W vr} rich in 
hiatnrj, Uwp Khfi Rihf linh litrnLtPiv, bit m ile^aiisil 
OL VMiiW, The <t^i(o«tloB »l M^ b nat Uf;^ 
Aiij ilnagQT nrriv^ng in £dlnbar^ \n Hiruittvd to 
the lllinuy. hut fiii iijln-duitioii Ln nv]i]irf>r1 L4i MTubU 
L»iiit (u rwirL bHldtEiaJly In it. rtitialiii ruiiv lir Iwminvi 
tbmuiEli %. inqabnr ol tbc fAC»U\, 
AuvoCATn) DriUK^u.tholVrtlVAdnmt*! Intba 

I^Omifb ChoNtk % llfflOlitKLM? ^lil^ vh«1l fe 4]«L>CftH<d 

pfTVon id pn>ji<iWHl brf ntirviliAlkufi, bhiiu* Furuapl 
And fruuEa upim aII Ihn frnak pn^ntu ipf Xbn cttAnuliT 

«nd Ufv nf tbviJvMHrd. ndottvuiiraif* tovlmw tljit 
b? in m-t wi^nby of t^tbood Tl» np'pottlv >1<Id 1« 
lAkiD liy tbA ^^rvmfiv Dt^ God'* tidfooiM. 

ADVi>U'foK 4,truui wVr'uw) ; Iu EiqfUth Iav, a riuht 
a\ prnHhtntickri to a w^Ait ^HJiit^bur^ iir, &ii otntr 
Atjniii, A rluht ikf mtmiiiflliti^ a |ir«ninn Ui nffii'lAtM in 
A TA(uu]t tburxib. 1\yf iiaeijt< i« (lTifUv<t fmui otfro- 
foJ'if. fjT^iikm t^t jiuLt MH tli'fft -jltAiLrO by fiuoh iw 
wtn fuuiidcni. bvibufuctun^ ^^t atmsiimii dvfendTot 
[A(ii'DCAt«> d1 tliu vhurab. Tbii*4 wU<> hA'^c Jlu R|;Jit 
%rt- tiyXfA /'iTrtint Advovrmcntt afi- (if Ibrvt' kiiacli — 
iH-nrpliit'tr. mfinfiir, udd lipniittrrr prraniitiHrr. vhtm 
llin jiutrvb iiiT.^Pt'Utd Itii vlf:ik. Xif LLc ^Lifaoi> fif tbc 
diu^kyvc 1" W iJiitiluUrd , <:ulitiri"^ wbcii ihv tji>lju|> 
ii Uic |iAtrL>]i, Aud UivliLuCf.* ur fultalu lii* vEurli by a 
«n[zl« Boti doHoJirt, i*'iKm a dIhiivIi it Foui^dod bjf 
f,ht kTngj of a»lt pinion b«miHnd by bim. rtilhrnit 
hem^ -lutijpcl to th* nnlinaij,'. rn thsi'tfip p«.tnn urti- 
fcr* the bcUEdu-'uLi Ub dork nltLuut {uncJiulEvn, 
ijiAtEtiiLiaii, or iwluuliPii- 

-VlhlTl'M ^(*rfck>; thfl mrnt irlinrtJ mid i4cetiI 
plruv In tbo AnDd^nl Bmnplan, iiiV> wliicfa pnvbi nnly 
uvFV kJlrmVcd t9«1]t«P» It ctrRApoHrloi'I tn tbo JrivJii>i 
liiily of bn11«fL 

j^AL'i'S; flim rrf Jupitrr *iid tlin nylnpti jR^ha, 
d{kiiffiUT "i tbp livMi co«I AiM-i^iii". Ho m^iuimd iim 
^DVPTiiintnl af thv ivUnd f&Ufd Aft*r hii iiKJtIi''r. nnd 
b«o«Lit, by bit upriEhtnW) ■ favoupita with Ihi- ^dt, 
Iei f^ncipUtAfo nltb bta pnTBirVp hU father )>r<i-jHbi-d 
wn:w l!i4i IkIuhcI, whlfih h*d frt*ii linjMjpuUu^d i-y iho 
[ttntftjfl, Titv nflff iidiuliitJuibK hjXHfiif ttmit xnU, and 
wvrv Irniiod, oD thikt ao<HiuQ(t MifmittiuiA. Grtv»t 
Ur". vitt& ilvJiTtnd. Aft Idi mtmtiy, fr^in ■ ^py*% 
flniu^lit bad fAmlfia, 1^ UAma of bit wiTo i*u 
KiL'l«iL, AutF Fvtuiiii And TaluDon vn» hit f^ldnOp 
J-;, nn vntnitLt uf hSu bva bf Justlca. wu fait^aX 
^'Itb Mine* Mid RbtdoauiDbbuii in t]L« unlcc uf jml^'- 
■ 111; tlie Jrftd. He It rvpIWittM » nnjitcd iiiMkia n 
tribunAl, bi'Artiik; A mmit DTid tooi'lrf | u Ailiitin- 
guiiibiti|{]iLnrh(. bcHTTLUithiD Luy of tiic Infi'm'il vnrNk, 
jivnft tfh Hon }-y Tbitj], 

,fli>iM<-K: l[n(TiaEi ihA^^ixtrHtm nf h'L'iWAry rudu 
vb» hid ibc eiipvTVitioD 'if tbh itALinnAl [[viiesvmJ 
Dlintar.'liv , vt Ibd i>ub11c T-tiAvf^ "ndi a* taoiplv 
jLhc ubiuc ojiiic» fpufn trd'4. «• t^mpl"^); of pHi'At* 
buiMb^ ff th*! n&rkct'. vloAfiwinp uriil ■rraminif llQ 
(mIv, Ap At fiTut H'tt J\c\ [l\rrp wpn- Ikiil iwn, 
i-hrt*pn fn>rti the rmnmnii pnjiliT {'niilff fittleif\. In 
3U5 IV ('^ twr> iLure ^^dtp AiJdi^l fr<»]n pniwji|£ tba 
tuktiicuLTi^ to wbniu jui (iforj rb*ir {i'^/pi rvntfiJi) nn 
Allowed, BJiJ wbd won tliunn colled irdilf4 rurulf. 
JuliiiB Cahult Adrlvl u CtunI t:4Mt {adilri ffrt-ifft), to 

/Vjt-V.i'S . in TiiHiviit umlndii^y, aIii)l>h ^Htii^ tlrti 
BOU Mf CrftiiiiK ami Ojtift, wlm *i^ toAAifli I" bAv*- bail 
» liunitrvd Lniidt) «hh vbich be tbrrw a hundrml 
T«oki At vhcc At JupJlor, vha, A^du hv fauEwDJOiima 
him. hmxrui Mm with ■ bundrod obiunL 



I 



a 



JEOKXS Sm— ^.fXUNCTAN ETVLE. 



jfbllR'il; Kinff Af Athwii trA fkUier'i ThMPOa, 
Ir ^hra. flHUiEUM of PitthniK Kin^f of TivpKiif. 
Uv cAu«d luia iv to teavttf qIuo«LciI aL lVf«iie-. 
luUKflic the wHii vf IWba iVoJluitiiki). wliu ^ 
jpostod to xjciAoil bjiu, «] tho Hp[>antLciTi thftt hu wcu 
cteldl— In *>n]m Uut hu ini)[bt iva^jt' hi* Kdi. 

m ■bonw cD hk titpartuit (pad Trtat^ne^ utd f«fL 
ofJut tiial TbsRiB •Utmid bnn^f Ukui fev Atbw 
wImb ho bad wiJiiJ m Mrtui ■■«. Am torn m tbit 
TiniD|{ Lara bccuiDv luquuiiiad wlh hu Ivrtli, bo 
kai£tn«il to AlbiiM, wbrt^ h* «■■ ■! Av«t iwpnIjKvl, 
■Dd Ihiktutn nf hit llfo; but hi» Ut^rr flnhlly luv 
kP0vbJ(<i4 liru, Kiid diKkiW liiiii lucivnr tu hi* 
tbnnb UmJdr iW flrviimi* iiTva ilut ^hhub bad 
baradotvand bytho Mim-bur, -^ plvnipl intv tbv 
«»k« (tou «4didi fiteamtHn th* Aivhipttlneo, U> 
f —ft U rvMt aind AMA| a< Iaf at lh« ll«UMH>n<. n> 
AMvfil the haida <if thft ^Wiffon ."^m. (Shi J'Arvfif^) 

^tlxA. iirm KuiVt i>r Kau i, % Tinvk ialuirl Ln 
KboQuttof ffS^UHliMia^tdnjrTif CAif/), HUtlwiwula' 
In fcrm, abovt 8 cniW in hDetb, 4q4 ■■ Dudi in 
hiHM, and baa an ana *r about 34 aq<ii» lulka. 
Euapl ths mmtm lulF, ■fakah ooiikdCa i^f a well- 
flildTMal itlaih. ft [■ Dwunulnmia and unpndUDUm 
On tltfi airbi ftf j Hll In ih&ft pnn itanilH ihv nndwD 

HH^i'i>t .l<inA wv fiuLhtfol on tiw ooaik Thvp^U' 

41^ikf*d iq trvir ami ntvi^km, aivl in culUvManif 
Ik* Milt whkb imtrliiciii lujimtK Innb. ini'LQilin^ iiu< 
bnt aliriuiHk in Grracv. wIup, Lthri-j^ uiH ifnb. 
j%^* Wd an j]iL|>jj-^i4 uWwi iu tbv aJiali^nt bitlunr 
4f QiVaDfL ^aoufe If ,i' i runl h^rr^, ami *«■ rrttanlnl 
■■ Iha tulolnrj ik-ily o| Ui* klalnl. It wm cofviiiHiE 

bjr UonVitti^m U« OfpodttOAMit Of pDlopouDrtua 
Tn th# litlttHT hA)T nf tiia IKh wntafj Hr it huH a 
IVnUihlnir nnarnfinw. a laiyQ luTy. hkI vaa tbo mat 
«if a itialiuvL fclvjtrt or ai\, ^Sre uul artU^t Al 
(ha baMeol tUaDiv. Hi> ax',> i1ie .l^iuuUu alupi 
bahwrodwUbfraat iiaJaur. nnil tnAlDi-ially <c^lriimuc[ 
totliaau«aa>Df tb*UiHlu. In «M tU uUuui f*lJ 
undvlhtuaaraf tbaAlhmkw. «ti4-»hb1 l^^nf bi?pn 
a* feud Mlb tb* JjrinuWB^ iZtd in «31 iliu Utter 
VNO npdM tto muo iwmu lui AtbaiUiL wLUtf-. 
It Mvcr VMovtnd Iti pnnptnlr. tiwnjtb ii> TUbVint] 
iohabftaftla *v« aTbnwvtfit- rwtond. On » hill ^n 
tta ftintlt««Bt «J Ih* ulniui iirw (hn rwrnajim oE « 
iftadU MBUkk uf 7.^4 r'i|ih''Ucnliii. or iu olhi-n 
llllinlBhl «l JUMTva. luafiy of bbr iiultiuiu vt *hitU 
Ma<M alMrilM. t:4ec ii»l uli^trO 

Jbaatmxv wrut jjnt Ho!tuve37t< or Anr 

An tMoamtaaa of Sa^iA and '^'vrman mHift* uid 
kvHfaol tiMartovaoTnmwd tn Hll, chiall^ mtha 
ilav ttf (iliinrilim an whlUdtafBl anrny of tha 
ta&|Jv «r JuplUr FaAbdhniiw at vf^fin:^ «bicb k 
lao of Ifca moal baaalifiil fcniaini nf i]i« Dviioiu^U' 
l*C#dn. lUa iimjalalirnt iru ajniilv mrudwl \tf 
Iba iWnfv a( a ■vMibar «f RtvlJif lUtuM nbwi 
i*M AiktfM Iha —turn aAd tPaaum frnntJ 'W thai 
MUacdliA. Ib^lfwapfiTBhM-l b/UioKlaiFof 
In im and tba rfaHchnl |wM MMml by 



I 



TWwiMhd. T)^ wn nw mama 1^ c1ii«f tqiut- 
■ato«< Iba OllpMbidi a< Mvnkb. Tb»a inrk* 
v^vdMblaBfafibfal fanlMliBa of nalorv, «im1 tot 
tfa* ttaftt vbkh tbaj ab«d ow mo «« Iba AutMt 
|«rio£ bi th« hMi7 ctf aft. Thoy aJumd tlui 
ibn ilhinalan with d| art n lad* lAbii* ot Iba 
Alba, ftaiiwhi ninia«imi»UDwJa|»mJigcfa.a. 
•ffwn «■ Aafc b* «M Cbt «MaM|Hi«iT of tNidaJuft 
Mi MtbM Ihiflif In tbo .UkMao HjU aqoaJ 
WMifdIj ABd fafcpwiJlM alll Iba AIUa lit* 
Bd BaoMn of jCfflo* ««r* Dork; aai! 



iu Hulptim hu a Ucric cluael«r ai liittinct trota 
tbo Acbc (whidi vnvi ans^utllv Jonidl ju ['«»■ 
povtf^ and *rrhit>-i>LiifH- Thn iLfntTA't'nitir |«niCt' 
ulty and aim i»( tltt .i'^ir^nnUn fIjrLc li tlu.- lAltbfEit 
<ur-] <^u(ti itulLatJvii uf uiklum. Tli? iic][ei.Lii:»i) uf art 
iit Iliuiiu lihJ lullii:rh.i bji^vhTCil aluiual a luiisdv; 
but wv now cciiij.T<:l;iinil hew tL<i jl^{iiwlaB aebaol, 
imtutini; nntur^ viC-^j nlmiML juff^rt oaauta— , f«ilit- 
hI rtiii th* WAT b> Eh' vinlHnI, AiUr, tnvhliig n in 
h«o friin the tLFiitnct to l1i« Uv^d^ fnjin Uid voavan^ 
Uui^ Iu lln DaiairaL TUu* ^ir dsil Lbc |uii^-J«ir<d 
link of ahnocUau bttwccti Hic indent Hvtcv and 
baaut&l ilvlaa. After thi> crrAticni ai Hiiiliv, ll* 
traoH of 1b« pmptr ^b^iwlan it^Tn ili^pj««n£ 
Tbrn WW ■anvniirntly. tbnvfoiv, nnl; one mrfoM 
■tjlouf ut uliliJj t^jtnul ovi^f AllGnov. And -fffl^ 
Krfdn tfOiWLK vlii^ i»umc T^ir laitiutivo Ktilptin^ 
t^ilu wiu tlm fAthci vail foLimLr o( the A^a^Uat 
rtrlci of u-*,; ncoit 1i^ hiin oAmr dilliriip who lirtd 
l^twiKtii thi> riOth an.1 :uih Utjmp-a^* Pli'-AOO >l4^> 
AlHtirt tho tlmoiitr I'hltlLflA thirr^ Ut«I Hip fiibLuvt^ 
ifiatUin. ramiiui in tbU Alyli;; AmtaA^uiw, wlm euvU 
liuJu|iiUr which «kP pliKvd hi OItiul'Ui At thvEstn- 
laaa wpvbH nf all the Umclia vho f-'ii^hl Tictari«j«ly 
at PIMm, il«. ^;B; ^anrm, tbo inalvrDl iIa «n«*i^ 
n«tad ottlariB^ of acvrlaln FboRnM atfltyntiia- atd 
(lluidu ud Onatu. wh4 flauriihEtl In taa Tiib 
0]]n(ETfi4E] Tliir P^iniHan njfuna now axf^fcdtod al 
Mtntifh ai? 17 TIkt maj b* dividii ioba (ovr 
«lABt« ,11) u]>f>|fh^ clcFtbad, ud knalo; (3> adiao» 
in(, or d^Oibiiig cnubataiiBi; ^ kitoallitf, wanbis| 
Ul Ijlriif, or ituiiuclBd. Vb* lappvt of L&iaa ftoiuva ii 
Mmtrva- hltn m a littJct atHr^w Uiu Innitan liaa; all 
Uiv iithtfi an rBllm' brijw Lbii miavurv. tf «• 
UDU^d«r tbt tlyk uf thisH vuka, bban pnndlW I& 
ev«rj uft ft the bvdii^i Ibo bfitd f^npAaJj a mIuI* 
luJlatiof] bf nblurc, i^itbout thr I^dt tra«ca of tba 
ijLfJ, SiUl tbv iuiiutiuii im uujEhtir po^*! uui oflnist* 
ta th<i rnin nl ftrt, but a ^nnl <vkpy ot l«witJ||iJ 
Eiatcin. nllJi the mott pfiffct kiunrlHS*at ibaliHiaa 
ainl niuHlco. ^'itlimivH 1^ IHTipvlwu, lbavli|[iB^ 
PdQ oJclii^, rBl^Kr *iiiuU At Lbi: lii|*. and ilia Ja^f^ 
idtjkaUv InDf. I'licrn u nauclt Uf( in tbo atli|iod«w 
thnLijh thi7 uv nnt iilu^tb«r inm fron » «aiMi 
■nfl^ina^ nob la maf be obicnnl lot Iha f^Mnp «l 
OiDtu^ Maaudft. iVq^an* Aci TbabcMMSBW 
Lctirni; Ut aji caHJcr b\hk!Ii i4 art; tb« vyn pm|aclt 
and itrc kdigthtriLed Mdoowhal id lii« LIuaho luAktt^ 
Uia mnvth hiM ]>h]miMBil lipt, irikb woU-kiafktfd 
'-Ijjo*; lhf< runM-r.a( uitA« aN tun«d Up; tbo nvao b 
nthriBinAU: i^ir- pdnOnUlied with Ifao i^rvaeaBltAiB: 
tba L'liiu ji fuU, KiE<| ^ciJcnU,^ i^- Ur^-V- Tha^ all 
luuL dJJkc ■nil nbililL iii>t Uiv- ali^-hLnil cainvdiiti (d 
pa— inn; tctwnm ounifucrrin awI conqucfHl, ipJi 
nad amo, thM>a in nut Uw li^nl liilfnVDcw, Ths af' 
paVUirn nt Uia bilr h nfit imtiirdl, l-it itUT ■ad «ai^ 
nritHmal. 1^ anna azr rmilrtr ihvn, Iha bliiJi 
naAunil tu dsceplkoi; uob a wniiLlx itf lliir abln h tdt^ 
indiMk 11i*Iopanwallflhaq»d;lbakD«BiuHiBb^; 
tbv faal «l«puLi aod lb* U<m^ ^Uoh an m&laar lao 
Uae, ndi oat HialU, IliadnMn it (duM to Iba 
My. -iib foJdi artfUally wwwL TbAi^ tb« 
vtfle in hanl, iTu cix^Jiiiii] It tB«t«riil ard alamrtfc 
TiKiv «<im iv|>finniiLEty irnulu At Hiu taiBa MoHb bit 
not bj tiK Huiio Htmt, No CRT qI Uhhi Lh Mjr 
wppovtt iwd iboT w* equally flmdHd aa all ddoa. 
TIrt naiubfr of Ogw «ri(fuaUy unoantad to tbblj 
atlvut Yb«y«H*qswwtoicaai7«mai0ldotibB«b 
trantm at Iha lia|dK ?%a Ubum MMd in Iba 
rnkkUv, Ih9 ftoadhv wanf on nnk ibn &• viiii^ 
•vd tU Ijbifi fl«nrea IhI- Hn tupb *■«« a«i Ift* 
tnUimally Jatlnjod. but ma pobablj lhv««B4ov« 
by an AutbqaalMb Dbo^ caUid tba Ifii of 
Jubitcr I'Anhalltidi, U la mept pahibly & iMfla of 
Alboiut ^liinonnf, and Iho flgum am >iqyri to 



I 
I 



I 



■d to m 



.CGI&^^EMGUJL 



48 



TrvJuN. 'Di* neup Moei^tv tg tb« «MMm Iroai 
it fmianJly IwififirMl lo ri*fimtfni ths «fiiil*ailii of 

^Qj; tba BO* of Iho v«bIdiu turnip whkih npiwDti 

• MMbWtirefflQrMilHAiMl'IVoJuii rouoii Afnlleii 
Wo. VI ■spp«a«il lo b* 111* O^M runa'i tbu twJv EtF 
l^<rec3ui, tr parfaap* ruund tbal of Achiiiri. UlJwr" 
llitnit thim* fl^tni intftJ^inl Ui ]iim>'itUAb< Uin iflitniu 
vbointd bj Mff^i^n?l>aitiitbe Penluiwus. Q'litf 
ftljim ibauU |jrulKb1r In imIj^if t lu * I'd'joJ bp- 
Hreco tbc COtU huI 6aUi Ol^mp^b t:;il>- «i30 n,c.) 
1^ lUfHf af wUiuh tliay *n wraojihi in Puuo. of 
tb* kimi iiBiiiJlj' imlkd tfirwAf Mb- Tha nilniim hrr. 

WH Biure- Ail tha <lcDm[kpiui uitt follA(<v of Che 
l0Bi|ilo, vhk^ uv Bnnnlljr fMmiJ, 'wott |-ttilc»i 
1l«m4haBef ilia fmite in wluch Ibso fi|pint itooit 
w* MrarOi 1^ parliluDa rt^a llio ftJiigo itrtcn utd 
yid&av. uid «r*B th* nurU* tilvi vcn punt^'t trith 
» kfBd otf lloiir«r. Wp Tfinaot odl thU irn'^tn i^ 
MiDUu^r UtHnvutd- wi: Ciiil U DVI0 on bUe I'hnli(iiL<u. 

«■» cj AjB Aikd'wnb noh^ol nf art in -f^TJ*. 

^0K»| lii« «hMld of .Tapitn-, wtin in «I|pfl h^ 
If XT 1^ Jfir^^mv*: It iltrji^M lU IIIUI14 tmia 

^dA *4^ th* ikLiiEif whjdi thu uliidi wh mvaivl 
All** tW flhi'^lij af PcdbM or Ailiricrvx id iha micJiHD 

■>( Utduift jfl thus oklli^L In a tigurniiTB 

^Lniic: An^liWMi of rtctarhikr; in thi? loth 
dwiBivj, wiA t2» flrm nf ma Eat) i»f lunt, und ime uf 
thennl lianed iDPDol hifltKB- He liKVJir » l$naii> 
iHiflliHr VDEkk Ai Abin^oii undor .U>h"l Ar?<. .;^. .1 T. 
wlip. irliai p»mot«d la tb* •» cf Vtinr.\ i 

j&fiH i^th turn t* inrtnot yoolh in hi- • -aIj- 1.-1. 
H» HhvqnenUy hnqfiif Al>|»t M At Aitmn'*: tn 
M0 he «H omted liLihtpp r^f WilbniiH uiil li I'M 3i4 
vwOwulated tdCautntiury. Lie conic -stt'I a Litnji- 
^■^■»* TUCtUulKT?* wiiich wa* piinKri Ipji >Sjiuuct, 
nadig iiw iUi* <J ■ tJ^M Tj , Ojttm. i^IAP. -f^ Inma- 
lAAtd idu iD«t of tb« hinoRoil bixiln 4il ilw t>lil 
Ti<iTnnif,aml nuHjiufnrtbitnifiiUtifm nf lliHi-lmvy, 
vhkh uv Lucrtfd in 3p(<t[DUi'i CounL-U^. He ti^ 

rmllj uuLaI Lu Lvuirity in b ipLr'iLoii RoiBliUkUO ttf 

tf riMlHHl'i Jblxiiit 4.(1 m'^]- Hn niu t IpiutipiI 
MfUM. 4ad bu Ml two varka comfilltM in a [irttty 
fpsi rtyU — ■ ouUnJtiun vl nC-int* Auil uii-di'ilntcB, mid 

• oatunl lti«|oTy cf amninli- Of th<r iir*l w(irk» inia 
«f 4h* b««t VfiUO&l tdjtinnii vt^ pabU<Ji»l Hy CiKiim- 
viv At Lvfikn, n?ll. - xr\w. tin. L^iat tfAxuimm 
hftva haon pubhibol Tiy K^Fin, Ij^ipri^. ITSO. u^l 
CMi|^. Pim. HOO. l\M cU'aJ MtXno uatta fkxim itt 

JEMIUCrt* PAtJE tK nimanif«J Maratujii'mti & iHthU 
Bavv ni Ihe »n£^jHtt EhihUy 'rt .^mUi. \vmt nc 
taOL 4toi B.cT. li^'J H« OHHiiirreil iVrvm, Khnj^^^if 
Uacvdvo, and on lU'm ikokuuii i>bUuriL«J u triuiiipl], 

Bb btrt llur Ih* Hk* o hirni, unt thmkod tho tc"^ 
Uvft Ik^ bftd flk«Bli ihvD fi>r vid^iiu t^, ^v^rl Kbi 
IsrIaiuvoQB lb* KomATL pwiplp. Mnu'oalivthnror thp 
wwrmd jiH|iin AMistnim the yijuiii^>^r- Hie IjbthfTp 
ft bnvt pnanl In thu Bi-x-itni] PuiLii; wjir, i^tiniiiijmdKl 
««d ui ilAki M the hhULii »f Cjhieidf. k,C' '£ll^- 

ridftAJ»» tOQ of AhoIiUm HTiil Vonv*. oeit tff 
UaetoclhA ln*wtitn''nf ^v htro« of Tmy- Ht 
!■ A* h*ro of Uw JiTpwi^ in vluub bu Ufw u Ihua 



dncribeii , — tu diD ni^lit of th* trnf^iuv uf Troy |iy 
Iha Urooltf UcciMF vutAii him in ■ thfjia bo f^ 

ttitb th* iPuh^ Elf hia ^Ja. M, ruibtd botvrhk- 
■tA&ifiitLt IhM Mitniin^ ta Eh* I^Kht, hut fnu^jbC In 
tula^ AfLcr I'riLin vm iliin hi- n-tiTin&I hi ihit 
mmmuid uf lus iiiuilict ttr bia home ujU camiuE cff 
hi* fnUiDr, liiji uTuid, luu] hi* livuvclntEiC i^hlr. l^it lirnit 
hi> wifv <.>eu>a lb tin soiifiHfHi of hia ^ight. "With 
^U vouhEi ha aiuWi Vit 'nu-v*. trhan h« U.^ui to 
}»|]iLil till nity .'KurM hniT, trntifcl hj a rritpvol* ibui- 
doned Uid ftturmiit. J^rom iltcocv he wcdi w Dnlim 
to (fAualt tin: otib-Ic Mi>uJid(Tnit4xi(ibij( ita rrfilv hti 
frcht liu Crr;U» lluEJi vliith lie ^V iliinH l>V « |>«- 
t43Dnoa^ Th^ruM tm dirvdoi hiH vtutw tn tho pm- 
mithicrT (it Ar^Pin» vhfv h« <v]Dln^t«l 0WIH* in 
hnnmir nf Apn[]r» In Kplni« he fonnrl Ildmut uul 
AiLilnMnbL'hc. I'h^Dcc he uUnl by ll>ljr, pciil lh« 
<.^tiajld vf MiaHiiA, mi atuuuiititriK*bhi &Al|r tv 
Va.pt Dm|>BjiiiEn un l)ic wutctn tjouM, tihtn AmU- 
Kv <liu|, A UmiiKil ilravd kiln oh lb« alwi* of 
Airim, ii^lj4iT IhHonot'ii'Hl ^im kiiutly in (.'trthu* 
knH <lp4JrM to <l«lBhn mil nkuiy likn. T'> hrr h* 
trlato. lu LLl- r|>i>i>ilt iif Itje I^il 4ltd 3iJ Ijotik* (if tlltf 
./.'ntiit. ihv fitU !)f TftJT JU"I ba wuiidiTnii^, .]n|iLLiir. 
Lfj^aiiT, (ain-ifut af tbn f^tu. Mint MtffuiLrv bo /Ki 
(>nd (t'ruinikn4*tl him tr> j-kil f^r IftJj, Whiltt lU* 
4lf4vr(a<l JiiiiM an<lB>'l her hi* fin lbi> fun^mJ likls, 
.'Koru* an ovhl nltli bli iviin|iiuihmta, iinil *t3 c^ut by 
k Muriu oil tht alicm u^ Sicily, in lUo Uiiiuinlima nf 
Uia Tiajjiii fnciii] Actfiil*?^ hHl^j^ hv alfWHUd fuiic- 
ml cjuiK* in bonmiT ol hia il*o^avJ hthtr^ Tht 

ftiifl lTi*f.ii-ni.^ 

bo fi'sohw.l I, 

itiK 'ic'-. il 

Arii'Lii'^ 1, II 'i 



irn|inm' 



,iir 



1»T of IV ^'iJ-ililii,' lifpj 

!■'■ .: '■■! - '■'■ '^ i.l''b 

J |i.lll, .'-..' .11' ii' ||;| ,i| ' 1,1 n III ••'! :41Ie1 

[ jih lYHhluLJon hi: Hu L-iJULiniiui^ bv 

IH< 1 llMl'm^Iin] llilU Ln 4iJl~L4IU td <JLj*l'''llli 

I rl. ,jl,.l p,[,j tK. i.»r, II. ,1 ,. ,]..j, . ,,'"' - 

II I'lL ^. ■ ||.. f-i|.|r. r r. ^ , ,,l 

!■! I Lih , '^ li'Jti.' liL' li.'LUid LIii. -i\.-. 1 ui-.ii- 

iir. tiiUl tiuiiiiiiitiy nnil iu\\i-i\ hu rleauent 
■ ' I" ^■lTl(l, IfpTfi bi> law hi^ fMlipr An- 



cLlfTo, kJiU liJtJ ft pnfi>Lt<j<j vtJiiun i<f ih' .l<<'i<-Ltt 
ifntiliica of blabiKp WuJ of iIju fuluin Lm ' - ' I I ' 'niu. 
Oil 111* mtkirn ho imibarinl n^n, nw r u I.' I Efu 
r^ntA^m ■liiirn irl thv ninr 'I'iliNU'^ in ih" <- i : i -" .! EJict 
|jviininliniikiTi[f l^trniiH, Th»lri?nj'iiLiiLii^iir..r i .i' mi* 
ttaBd»1JDHl hyHiiomclfl to ■ Btrcneer. but promlial 
by her ujotLci AjuftbA Ui l^uruua. R-iutT ^f ibd UututL 
IVb ucnfuAvi » wuh bfb^r t]j« tcrmnuLliKU <if Avbich, 
Tdnwt nvia^ inUon by Itia jnuad^ Jv. innrncj ]jt 
vinin. ThrKM Vtrgil rabtU^ Ehi> hutirr of ''i^^ra« m 
Iu4 (ffnrt-t dprlathig Ih mivti_Y pu-tipTiiari ti>tm bit* 
birioiJ tniili. Qh vm b^ lAvinin. .i*lnftu :4jUiu>. 
wna tU« lUJLTvbjr uf Uie kinifF uf Alba ]ri^>]iH*, au<l uf 
ifoEbutua uiil l^Eiiim. fha fbundi-Tii rf tbd ciljr of 
l£iHn'>, Hy Itia tint «vifv ba hud » hdh, Amdxiuui, 
whi> built AU\^ LoQi^, frcin ^-Jhm« ■rkji, InliA th^ 
kComnna di-Tliicd LlujJ^nlUn tiUniJy Fcr ihrrhlliKnint 
LfnJitiuiiB napttudn^ j£du4A whI Ui* |ir'babllitT of 
ilnrir Ulc JutruEuchi)!! viioiik tliv lUnuuitt wo Ni** 
buhr J Romcn Uvilary. chikpCof iiiUiblol "dfiooH ud 
tha TVojunn in l,Atinm." I'ite tinl lit b»l[i of tb* 
^4<jj/ nm iniMl4<Ui-H nn thff vltrnlurV flf ITIyiHi In 
tlitf <Jtif,§arj, MH\ ft»ftlmn iiiflrc mrinly uh) iblvfliln» 
lli^m tliuit' tivxK firilun. hbich wc fotfwJttl dD t1» 
]Hh1Urii oF tha UbtlEv -jf the /'^. 

.iCifKHiiikUUA; * aaejitinl bhilotophar* !»» «i 
(-noi^tiA. wbn fl^diiAhdii a Uttiu Utor ihwi Cioaro, 
■nd Mfurbl «yHjiLiciitn, in AJmuidriit, to ft pn' Alg r 
euent ihfeQ bAd Uen dmu befora. He iiIwJ truth 
In lh« fvnay Bgnantoil <if uieii m to Uil- iiututKtop* 
producail by eatamil object*, 

/ClfltJICA; apifi^>i»!E]Lmpit mcitwnre. vnla^aut, 
tnd ccncnily HLmtimbi'ljary ttntni^ ta |jim]ii or aitfr- 
jyiBp thff «it in finibnf «it tU iT>c«iuiiy; or on ntnTim 




44 



iEOLIAN HARP^AEBOSAUTICS. 



thiriG iin^lfT rrtnMi* unl uDr*Hnflio& imam. H*Dy 
dittjfLj^iiSitibl pjrt* luvc »Tii(ar\ maipoM in Ttrvo. 
Iji Ibir 2Mb lliify lihic Ivvb iq vji^w hfith \a aoddiit 
Khil nocUni ^QiM. Kt«i7 sAtW hia iliovn « fund' 
ndM for dHTD fa tho InfjMio; i>f It* ciltiviLiuiL A 

efArt ol th* KgypUftD Itomib^ It mIiI t» huva 
?i>ni|iiFl«^l In ■<nLtrirLU- En t1i«M*. t<vi, ttiv 
anolient ifmi.'It'fi vtwti t^ftk*. Hut. the lyinhnlt of 
|h« ]iik[i:»L nli^imiH uliimhl niit. u li ^tan lhf< onac, 

Tk«f w* lb Vf^s ujDL^ ilic Jewo. 

jCOLUlV llAitr. OF .1^Li»^ H^iOF, «u mlrwlDCol 

iBto Eufffaul fthout UiD mJdilU H ihw Jut oDfitnn'. It 
it ifflDonlly n airigjl* Imt of ihUi Admiii wnnrl (^rJutn 

pit utriuE*. ■quutimB m asviy u fifL«iu, iki^ivJiciI 
«n I'm hndjfT« at each trad. uJciircfuil^ iLiucJ id m 
to bo in iiuiMrD, 111! luTQitb i* tn^p ti i»rr0ii|M-tn4| 
vHib til* ■imirf lb**iinl«wrtroth»r twrlur*' in *'lnnh 
il ia IsMnlrtd bn Ih plA^wf. 1t« vhiih ii about tvr^ 
AT iIa tauhs, \U dcftti tvu tiT ihriv 1c muai be 

«{ioaI«r apvatef fn Ibo mdIt*, iu m the ivMr of thu 
nittr whMi Uiawiod b]a«M Athvritrt tha flinnav 
l>|B«drie«i ttWafTHib nf % rtmiml tniw^ in t;hi> Air. 

«r dimlaWiliiii tlii>iiiuDiltb^4.-4inJtiiv tir thuitmtfitL 

bvf^ iavaiiltfi by Mr. CrwptbwniUi. luia na ■miiiflm^ 
bsMtf. L>ui rviuibita naivlT oF auum^w of ilrli>£ti «ii 
tnd«] Ivlivtvn tvrt firtil hrmnli. 'lYi" invr-ntir40 nI 
thl^BuUiA hftfti hu been /Qccnllj uvribvil tii Kuhtr 
Kkdlei:, Ittt ue fact b limt il wiw kijuwu tuii] umhI 

ha* t>ra/«d (i^biMrrnf t^a cm 'Ac .Ifdnnrrr and CiMioma 

A'jhJ 4»i ;ikr ^I'-iV'-i) : f>nr nf Xhr Mur nm into 

■djI stfainJijii: Eu Imtiii'iii iJuntiii]; liii-ir num* fmQi 
rifl^lu^ ton rif IIoIJm;, &nj fromltoik of DL^LJiL\kl[i>Ji. 
Tlw diiEriot oE Ai^t ia IbHaklj- »u ifaeir dt^cImI 
Abodtplmn trbti>h~lh*y ipnad o^vr aibw pikn of 
Gwwe. A rnrtlon nt ttiam wwit lo Latbe* imrl 
T^nic^l'rt urn! Um l1c>^^h■1rMb Aoiw of Aril Miisor, 
Ifiviii^ tint irniliiry Uiiu ukHV pMMMlon of tbe mvue 
of .fCnJiR Hen Uw; pPjAHtMfii Ik nu^ibcr uf iIlIh. 
ACiJ iDh/ omLlnu*! fw^ «ft<<fiA'UtiJb Lhey ketid uu'lcr 
th* dntntninn ol (.Vhih^ Kinc «* L^ilk «i>m fli lb« 
iVnluu. Afla ih* fftllundr tb« nmt VtrvKii tn- 
MiJou df Omc*. tbcy n^iwl thidr lilvrty. but 
«DOt iB«<ii on* nodor liw IVivbi dombLita, imJ n 
HRuiMd till A* time of Ale>Md«f. Al Icnolb, 
■ftar fvnniw put oJ lh« dojdlnK-nA i4 iImj kih^» of 
8]MA Ud ctflwifunut, llwy wvtd Hfnlly &umr]rimlu(1 
Il llw lUmMk ptnTinrn of Awl ThfliT luigiwK Dni 
A)H*> ilU3«lk waannvof lh« tfar>«plpd|«lviKiifCU 
«f IbvQtvk li ■HculliTAtod torbttmtf paryotn 
«hi<lly^L«Lio«. Asd Wfia(ti?<UA]?«( Lu wLcUAIi^irui 
•U'l ^ikpjtbu vmla, llicir r^utilc^ woa ope ctf tbc 
nwal fpftit* in tha wortl, 

MatJtlLK; a ■phnri'^l riv*il rf tnt^tl, with a 
n|p« of imal] it|«rtDr«L Ihrrnich whlcti the Tipcur of 
nM<gil Wfc cr ill tbtf b^l iiaaw uut tviLli omntdcr^blu 
mW- Tie Aockul |J]Ua*>[ib(in iLtniubt 1*? Ejpbuii 
hf tibU DtrMrupaat tu ongia c4 tbo wmd*- tu Italy 

JBuLVt*: ia lIoiDVT. ihf Km of ft Lpfcld. bkI klni; 
«f tb* lukirfl Li|Mit« fa> (Ub uurtfa uf fiisilj. Uv >« 
tktcnbnl V iAhh whJ jmt. hofpStobl* to Mndfvn, 
«&d ih« i»Tiil«r nf muIk; li*Tioir. natniw, fnvtold 
tlv mufM di lb* vin^la, iMh Ui* utinn^t smfflfiva. 
bom bb Awn abHprnktiMa, |]j> wh uiH in Iivr» ib« 
4rf dlmAinc Umx codih. ilia hUor) vm 



^ 



&ltiorvMi:b MlU mnr* «in1»]liiM tvlih AiHion| th* 
pMttDULniB bunaioviot Jc^i«rof y*ftaBo, ud^vl 
of ibrnfrindL 
Jf^lU, ffi" BriA, Ib UMd nrMayiiKiuiET vjUi vadt 
,r,) fir A AjLcd pedal of uib«. trvm Tvbidi « itfiM 
^citn E« €(iiint<<f. but it vfoidd tnto U ba iiHm 

CO^Htlj «(hpliud to dlff Auriut vf y««H (Uvlf Vhloll 

bu aUiwhI hiiJCii nny givMi iljttv nr epiHrb, tba 
wnnl n^rn b«fl bHi*n Mmi|Ku(nJ to b> iI>irin>U fr^imllHt 
j^dflmmt (IT tniuiLl WtKiHnt jlnnm iSVuf ^uf^Hitfi, 
A^EIC,A., n mode <if ooniputLni; tloic in -^phii frou 
tb* JtAT <rl tlw cj^iiuaoil vi thil «tuiiLfy bj ll» 
KoiAMUt <Uid Vowiii lav<iu» (Jiu oirliuAn^ Vnnavi 
■tu Tiitvp br4ii gi^bii liy chrunrilo^iU ■« niili in hi^ 
tnrjml rHTurcih: Hnd it wu n Kitil- linin bi<fijiv ^11 
lHp ChrdLum wnrlil aei^cl ^> 4.^'ux|ui« blniv bv ttv 
L'lu iali&ii Bfk MtiAuin m>b tbat the SpAiiEab ■«■ 
lWuhl^J ia t])e yoiv ut (rbHal 133^, uniJiiri^iiliii 1 1, Klof 
4ii L'luiilu, It eiHi^UBcl tu ha mwl Hiiuiowliit luiiuar 
m Pdrtiigiil, W# malt iitilittiKi-t if fttirii Ih* nimiwr 
nf &>wnf thpftpwiiih rir*b* pit ttmlnf thu ChT^ 
ilui. 'iliv M rLbomiucidAa ma tv^iii* viUi Ou dl^bt 
«f ttif Prt'plitJl. Iflib July, fl^ia, Tbi» i> ckIM Ao 

tbe building aF tlia 01(3% 7^3 y^fW borfur* CIlrtaL 
Th* J««ich jpm hvprw ^irJi thf* iTiuti'm, 

AkklMi ^'KH^ci'iuTivc : ihht limiu-b of tbif H^avrt 
i>f pcnjMctlvD wljli^b trvau uf tb^iFlBLivr dliuluubkfiii 
ol ibe «>tuim uf Uiiicji itL F<Tvjvj^tJuu |u Iboir dblauuD 
^Arn till ayo- 

AV-Htxfiii', thf f'-llnvran ol Avniv, ua Ahvi mank 

Armi'ii&A. bn'Ausi! lie dptiltil Lho ^ideitim bfliTeen 
lUv ufCdAl |iowcf (J ft bUbujr AuJ » |iit»bitri, |»K- 
riuLiamd jq-avt^tB aiicE <-fl4:r^jib;K iu ItluJI uf tho ilcvJ 
t^t hf innanvlanX unA in^\ir\t\\iA, ivjiKrU-l Uia drdinuaat 
nf fiL«Lni|*, unit ^]i*r]n.r*d thv pnx-rtJfB pn-i'^JLiii; AinnBf 
< "liri^t'iLrti iT MKTinfiJnp «■ Ininh nn ill* pii«imr<T In 
tit nmLrnry bi [hu i,]»jt-|E nT Mii'ir Mi^lnh' llmwb 
L:ulU]r, In fiwl. 4iri]v uf i^|ifM»^ii]- lIlv rIiubI* uf H* 
Wruehy. luiJ t]4»< ^unuiiiiinL* ii^ ^npfimUtioai lA* 
Aer^Vu ifvn cijni1"iiii<t.'it h hi^ivtiois md mmq dr 
&ppav*d. ^lfcvlV>to»tAiktj wurht<.-viiHduf AviwdiM 
hf l]Lv t:ihlhi>li« twiiLUHH iliry iiutLiLioiTLBl pKfioalliaBi 
at Ik aiiiiilir f^linmit'T. 
AuiiuiiAAMKn; IL bnuiob of vrolotry a ftm 

liiijhflT moflluhikloi, lahioli C(r*la vi lli( (htwurB ui 
liioiiou of oUdtiu HuiJh AiiyjiJ^VTiBUjicv ifr oUoi rk- 
pJua«l in «uiiiivrliM ftitb byd!riHt_yiiiiiiii<». * tiittb^ 
at hytirrAn^y. 

AMMJUryj*-. febnana nr lUMMi tiui iIoMTEd from 

ABlUOUUTica; llwHtvt Mllbvta«r '^^(tivtiac 
Lba iiLr. Tbe idc* of invuiitjn^- m ihhIiuijC «hkli 
ihuuld cukIiIo tm Ln n*a inte tbt. tJr ii|'|>cBri Ia ban* 
iicriiluKl fht btirniLii iitind «*t«n in ati(4i>nl ttmi^ lot 
MH tiMTT TTiidtM niiill ibfl lut aautmy. Hesfy 
C^iiMtdi^lj Ji&yiii^ itiiouvctrDd ^bout ITdif tbe nH( 
Itvilj of LJillikiLLJiioljU' Air nr ^JrJlU|[le|l (.-ASt l>r, Ulack 
ud ^fiiitrgrylt AIM kd lu tbe Hi4 Uukt a UuD bLifl- 
d^r bUwi uith tlii* |^ muvt MAiad idtu tbt air. 
l^^vallA diMlii th^ npi|ni4it* np^nmrnU in IrH^ and 
Uivnd thnt a MbldTi wu too hoavy^ anil japer ■'4 
LirtJKlii- ^Lp bubltW, uii iIjp ivrjirkf). *tlb«b he 
EiIIctI H-iib UitliiLauubb- nU. Tin: bi Uid n'lUnff uf tbv 
rvoin, ¥'liaf« itiDj bunt --In tliv laina }-v«r tb» 
1nvitJi«ri 8i«p)i*n and Ji»f|)h Mrnit^nUivr i-nnabwiltd 
a mA^Sinf wlii^h iun-n<JiHl hy tU nma |imnr In 
N«ii. 1TS2 tWvldirr MonCffnlMT nooeaM- at Ail- 
h'umi, lu ^4»Ju£ ih lof j^v L4]f uf fine vA. iu iW thii* 
1^ a f4rKUEru|flpnj. aii<] mulHiiiiiv 41) cubic ^^ li> 
mount mpidlr up^-^ni'i U- Ihn cnLnf nf ■ f^abibar, 
xii4 aftrrvimV in a (f^fiisJi. i> th» Iia4j[bt ul M ff#l, 
hy hnUne tt In tin lnaid» vitli bundBi; |v|«r. Tbe 
twa broibaa Him nltATwda rqkai&l tb» *i|wW 



I 




AEROKACTIt& 



45 



iDtnt ae Awvuuy. where tbc p&mllDloplpnl Hctiided 
!■ tbn t>|vu tlr TO fvct, A l&iirer Tu&tEuJiti cvtibbiL- 
iaj; tt(> ciihc fcrt, r^c »illi fijunJ Miooom.— Tlify 
nbir imJtfd lo imiLt thu aipmmtmt on n U^k^ 

Mlji^ BBd MTip&nrfl « niuihifir <if ]iii«n^ Itnml mth 
pmr, *hlm wii* 117 fi^t in cimiinfflTrno^, wriyhrtl 
430 |Kfuiiil>, nnil uarriol lu^ir tliaa lOO |uuuj» ^.if 
(ktlluL Thin limy Mti(j ii|i, Juiir ^h IT^A^ && Ariiii' 
ti^r, 1l ^u(^ in Un mjimtdi in * Wgli( uf 4C0Ci fwl, 
«Ail f»U Tilt<^ f«t from tliD pUdoof jmnqaii. Tha 
lUt4h«l uvl tn r«[iw It lit lUOHiil wu tn IeiikIIi* a 
«mwflr*itTulcrUhciiTcrtiinrot thi?mm€lJa«. 1u wMl^ 

atWbtito ^ Atf^wnn dI th* tru.-! tn iha r^FK^v 
tiOA of til* ftir Uitflowd in Jt f*v th" f<i«<r«iLnii ot ihi* 
tHU, but to 4 poculkr ffU. vMcii they >Mp;oirMl lo 
}m t^wttUtpis'l 1>v till' tiuinmif uf tliu *tmM' lUiiJ vr»fL 
n» mm- nf tl^it opiniotL yaa mth flimnvnfcil till 11 
latur pcdod.— T>i«Hi PtpnnmnntA rauHxl th« atUn 
lloB cl ijl th» DhilLHrpphm (if P^nV It r>i>purrMit Cn 
■DVJBfllfllian tltnt Ibaiania effect miclit l# pr\ulii<i^1 
h^ tndunnuiUii air. M. Ctutb^ iTuftnartif uuUirul 
ptiib«D]ibir> AIM % \ndi of ItthaiLnii];, 12 f«l tit •iiik- 
U)4lrr, ftnJ witWii witli ■ tumiiih ttt euia-rlvtio, 
irtlh «inh ffu^ It vpi|£h#i3 'J£ firmndi) i«f> ^I'JII 

1. Ail^r thnfl 




bnur, ^ tliv vilUyu uf Gujlpih. aIimuL 15 n^ilfji fnnii 
tW^— TbUB wv Hv iwii 'triuijuJ ItirLiln <4 Wlw>i>ii ; 
lboa» filled wmi be«b«l ur, xnd llktw Albid with in- 
AuBmAblff *!ir. Mvmtiniv, Mont^vKUr Lwi gnna to 
J^Vta lUhl feiund AH uidUiit In Pllma d« KoiioF, 
111* ■uptifltitBiiiIirDt af tho lloyot Mneeiim. Tlmy 
omoplMM l<^ii4Lfai-r, In Oct, I7a3, ne-i^ citecJiinp, 
T4 n*t Ja Loitflfl and I!} In liiwU}!, ia vhicU rt'»Q'T 
TvMimd for tho ftnA tiiuR to »nr«nd, thi^u^h only £0 
IcBt, T^ WUnHfli WBB frur^i ohtitiun fuatcuDd hy iikTiln, 

Hrinu Hjffufwl to ii\a\t- f*T*ly, tiwifc »ti filiJiV['i« conran, 
kJUl At l^'n^nl] ntinli ilirwn ^Tfiilti/Llly nftaiil lOl] fwl 
fam ill >Iiiru[jj-|iiiic«.— Uy ilih t^jo M<-iiil haawv- 
Wftotd UtAt n LdJluun Eiu^-lib, witli (Pjiiftci- niuia([c- 

DHSt, OUTY » mhU tllTMULT^ t'u BUF^ UL-I UlO finft 

boU vnadilion vfnn ddLuruuiiHl on- X»v :ft, iTfiS. 
Mndfld tniin the conLlf In MuL-ttr. In Ov' |<p.-wilc>> of 

iODUlllBnbCfl l4l.ulLiliiil^, 4illj rh lUih' liiiiL' iL^utniii- 
€000 nUv fnt- Tlio Wlluuii, nflir lib^iii^ a\- 

% «Huii]BnH» ^Hnylit cutiu Ucva iii bwuiily- 
ftwrdimitu. «1tnRi WOU ytinlN fhrfn La Mu«tttf. Hut 

ablccUnflcr, lltt trolloon wu n^tntcil vtiy violently 
■tvcTkl iLiHu. Clit fiiu \iaA bufui^l IiuIl^v ;ei U » Uu< 
pUflB on vrULch lli'y utom] vro* lu/tircvln and Bomi: 
•O^H bmkuti, Tbuy i>Dtc(iivo<i ilint it v-of nat<bvry 
to ffflantkil vitJiAiki iiftny, bnt v-hvtt thpy W4>re on 

dnnKjvn. Th< ^cnk vnAl Uiv uu Uittifar bUiipurbnl 

libtu ImUutui. llii^ wlujt uf wliicli fdl ii*Ui tl*-'- 

Bo»0r, *rli" hw* n<»t ycft aucorcidtd Ju dc- 

l>.ja<tv«f<4p<l IwmKl-niiiitid, M-CliArl<4 wKa 

jotn«<] nith M Knlvrt, "ion nfC^r iirfi^rmo'l the 

ihUc th&l th'iy wnnLd ii*ornd ill a ^mlli^'in fillAi with 

lUiuimlik nlr. Ti Ovfrky the immBuiry i-\|it]]8e 

lOjOOO li»iai, Uff oi>ciir<! 4 HLilvcriptitm, llic 

■Htn tfwi jiphciriciU, llit fm.t in JiAinctcir, And cnn' 

tt lUk fiMffl villi B vjvmiAU I'lf ^iiiD-'-Lutic. 

It ftt Uit »frjnivnl* WW ilt»i?>i^l t^ •i-vi-r*! 

iihieh worn fiftontal t/t t, iurt drmwii 'ivrr thi- 

put rd Cbi lAlluaD. A valve wu lainatrnLiul 

wlui^ DdUld bv a|>fliH)i[ fiMEn iIle <at lif maa^rtB 

t^«d ah«( by A nfirinr. 'Ihi* »itv<i[1 in jiffimi 



t, 



dmnd. vr found It noixttuy to diiuknlaTL iu Tha 
iilllfU; U*1.a1 H.«vr;rAl da>ii , msid, Dn:, I, Hm vu^*^ 
wlh ^'uiiLaMiin'o] ftoTu lik( ^iinLcritf ^f thu TiiilDriu, 
'Hij Ij:JIouij JL|uick]y nsno tu h boiijh: of 1 S*H> Iwt, and 
ilnLippPAnol fmiii ifiM Btf* «t th* Apivtfttot^ 1^** 
jippinitiir,* rlillpr-htJiH' nliwrvKJ iJir t»roinBl*T, Wh!ph 
iivivt Bii-jd At In* liiMt 20". throw out ffpadiially Om 
boliviL llkcy LiuJ iaVm lu lri> koop tliB IsUodh iiUwly, 
uik'l d^cvinlol luftilv ut Ni:aIc- |f>itM Mtnn Jw Ralitvt 
• lc'|i[Md out, ELiici if*'" ttii» ]j^ht4Jiu>d li 1^0 poiinHfv 
iL (i-w 44,-4in 4tEh ^nt n^pifluy thniit nrntfi r^^t It 
n>|>flniji.-il tUolf With puon foror tbit ii laan Iiavd 
bocii Imru to pivifv. Lml nut f-Uiki-ld. vtUL iriuiik 
jiruhciiM uf louidt utieued tUu ^idva tj* acOJinmoiIjitv 
iiia i|iiivnlitj of ipv b> ilid f>rily of itia Bum>undin]; 
Aim tail ilwOr Aftnr tha Kp"' rif hdf an b^iir, L>id 
[iillitnn tiink rlnU'n nii 1% ]^fAin, jvhniit tliiv m^lr^ Itiia 
iLc jiIa« uf lu Hcond ucvnt. — 'Hicvr luci^oifri]) jw-i-iaJ 
'uvnija wen sugu fvlLuwtd ty uUjcni, Th'r llmL 
jLcriAl vcynfro in liribvn wn* pirfctnnccl Vv LiinAidi. 
hn ItAlivi, wljo vmndAl fmm l»iifUiioik tliD ST«to( 
Ktpt I7SI In llic BUf tA^iting ^biki- hp aarvniLad tfi 
^nr»tUnd. l-vLn^ INa lirftt ptn'in wtio ^ikttri«d the 
Liilmblliifjb \A iihutj^iv mhd t^liiiljuryti wibb thn 1n- 
Lcmliui; iipn.'tai'kiif unnurinluiciifHutL. Bkuichud 
fasii alrcibly mcvn^Joi] Hr*br>l Limes in FnuiC«, wbob 
ba itftUnnintd to cwnwH the fbvinot bot^HVi EneUnd 
Miii Knn0o,vlui?liiaiboud3mil4i wMd, hi kl^oon 
nn^d with InlliHnnuhiD ^r Hq iiiinutlcrl in ihi' 
birlJ AlWuipt. Jia. T, ITSA* HGiJortLT^iniac] by ui 
Ainciiaiit L^EiUcinjkit. Dr-irfifftiai, A1i4>iiLorin c'dni'k 
Ibny Idft ihtf Kii^iijtli ^dmiIh jui<1 at h«If'{iruit Ivo uvn 
on tb« FnDpL. Bluuibard wv frho Ant w||i> 0K|4Bri 
nwFktcd wllti a pmohut^. Oil liie Mrvi>i fi^ird Stmi. 
biif]7 In I'iyi. «br<Ti bi huF btliifno! xu rU^hHini nf 
llOOi) fmb. lie dnlAchftil fnuii Liu bjiltmau i1m» |jjifiv^bnb\ 
with ih dot ^n ■ lyMknt Biii«jni|n]<'J tn>in it. After 
Ki-mj- # Eoud dobl drivon a1»>Lit by Uid nhd. the do|f 
njfa.'hvd llm ^FOuiiJ in iofoty. M, Uafm-rio* vrboBO 
ncina] vtrya^rvi vrvju lianwrwit uiil lul^ontiirDUK, r*. 
p»iilml]y <liHi^j<iiiLiril hy JL |Ktrtu'litiU fmni hiH tnlb>qia 
afU<r ItbncL r'-ii'-hnd A ^iil h<ilL,'bL I'klntrr do IjfflJrr, 
i»utiifiH'd L^fi/ii.' IH iht tiivl iirruutti.it, Atbcjiil>U)J, 
JiUo lltli, 17^^. Jii vuiupany with Mr. KmbAUi, Ui 
pAs Irrnn thu VrencU tf tlu: Knpfliib liilo; but tha 
^tenif>t wu iiimtico^fuL *.ad tin* udTcrntuivni liHt 
Ebtiir ]iVf« M.ilt Riir-ier hojl r4i Ihit rffwcifqi i]nlr.*'L 
lbr< tu'ij kJnda cf IjoHiinna; unclortino Allnl uUh In- 
llmuii'Blrlc 4Uf, ttluuli iIilI ni^t kIdqis i^j^ ilm aulEiviuiiLi 
ctoVAtiu^ pDwri, WM a "coirjil, (illcj bt "n-4Uni <jf * 
tuui £» vtEiLcF il- KoiiiiT b*d olmrnn tliLA fouiliiiu- 
liniL, hnpin^ in ijmle tho nHviviiti^f^ nf hnih kindiL 
l^y mp>4Tit nf tho Enwr hillonii hti tntt-nili'd 10 rlia 
uict Aiik At idciuiire, whioh It nut poM^htL' with fn- 
UuiiEiiflLilF uir , lut A b&UiPuiL filluij wiLli (iiii<» wlicia 
fnitc Blink U* tbc (ATlb, ciuinot ri« *>;n]n i"t3i th<] 
■muQ vnibEht, Miibi:<ul Iw^ng Hilcd ivrmu , vih'Hv, on 
thn nnnlnm^, Hy incmHiOj^ or dinuiiithmif tl>i> htv 
iindrr a IvOl'xin tit[r<l vitTi h<nlJ^ att. U wn Iv DiAdo 
1*r rJPQ n;i[[ full iJrtiniAttly But ^jb trificilmciit 
unusfd vbc ilcikth df Uit tiroitv&m, I'lutulily llw 
ciwb, which wtrt unlj iti > f;ljwiti^r oLatu in?*" ibo 
■ iiTfacerhflbc ground, wi>rn inddi^nlv Itiudl**! tm a lijhl 
ft^ntf aa thir tiAL]n--»n n'a^ xmi hoI it f<7\ Tii^ The wholo 
iiiAohinf wojt v,\m In lunw, and tlie twrt nArnniiUta 
wcr^i jiredpitiOinl from ua bibiU. The iijiiJlliuJi uf 
tl^iii- iJkiiL'hvl b«Ii« muHniife the (uiajcL-bim il»t^ 
iKey iVQEo killed by the axfJudda ol tho f^. Tbi^ 
vntiAppj AcciJont did not (l#tw othm-i^ l>d ths ((in- 
lr»fy, ibr r-i(j><^TnrqiU w«v hpdDOlTro* mpr^trtl In 
nih^'r ooiintrir*. Howpv?r ImporiAnT tlditinT«nflivn 
ttmy in; it hjia ta yr<t bd tu nu DoniuJffnibtp raultH^ 
iliiru^b HJiEia Fu^U c^f fjJuD liAvv bn;t Wrnvd viih 
n.gnrd lo tc]D[»'ratiira, mni>tkirv, tlovtridtv, A.r-. iu 
Ulu uppci ri^ciiii of the AtiQCHijihcf*. la tlit ^DL 



46 



AEROSTATICS-.ESCULAPH:rt. 



XA^lDOfcMBlvrTvihenrfuvor tbrHitb. Bal Ihia 
U far Ldvv Uwt irtliwJ l^ Uj> (rkinkvr, uu uf Uie 
mcM skbntod of Bokra •okotifia BcnkMil^ mfco, 
ftt tbff u^nEPriiaa nf tlw Briiub AjBDOBlieD, mmlii 
Hvwl atoMU it 1^0*1 in abiJJivin ennitn».UcL vid 

ILbh any tut feftd prcvinLtily Ikcu hvu In Kiij^luid, 
bdnf tfV fMt hUk At '■''' ill ^ituiL^LDr* «nl i^iatlUit 
«f 0(ml^liD|» 9fi€0a cubic foil of |[(ii. fb >^>t. £ 
tit htohhM Ho«nd*d ta th* hAt^t nf jibmit ^ailii 
fMt, orooul^rmlWh At :JV JMO f *ft Mr, i;lauh*r 
iMcapn IwfoidbiB, uid mniliwl »> tklJ la iit'HJt tliF 

Ua iWlt^ Ht u ta I^t aai tb* fi^ uid ,-Jlmv thi^ 
bBU»a •A^OHciL'i. Ill* tvohpcnkEim* ^ tl»Btnj-> 
i|tba« vu fonnil in i1«n«w with (h<> hofghit. tmt ivit 
unilnmifj. t<pa.fifLlu of ibe Aholv dtimAH In Atif 
niHivi Ukliiif jilws bi tlir fltU uilk. TbiiluWBit tuii- 

«l Ibv aiAOMte* n dcu iii w npiiUjr' wlili cbi 
bd^t. Ihuutf Iba ftoioh iw^Juttim u HrwtMlr- 

inittatbBWMfwiBdail M >T('Ui!mi. iiot ffu- fn>(n rari*, 

of ittlrododad laUocuu uUj uidm •• » nwon* gf rv 

■wr h*lk<M* WH* WAd hv Udt pnrpow; ud thty 
■N*«lM«f 0rMt MrTi«* In cvTmrbig iMm from 
a* hMipiti — dcTtiUi In P*rii Ui tlufr MMdB nuUla. 

IVW lUir IniliAct kadiu tlunn (« rgtnm to (ikeir 
«U Uono, BUuoturd nndtivi Wi m i iiak l Hwte* 
Ui vnvHiU tiy th* tB*«ction ol Ha pAfvhtiU. v1i!rti 

ffUiblrt thpEII, if IMA'AAVT, Ui c|||lt tJlfT tuhlliviTI tUld 

Jfaosad t3 Itw nrth Tltboot JADi^-rr ALmovt emJlc* 
onlhiBiiuw l»ve bcou (inthrtcii f^r ovaUoUiuy luii 
nfuliitiii|{ (Iw fxnr** u| UjUrihim; kuL Ibmgb hnw itf 
IftvaoboBAliBw looked pmtt' w(iUuiL p«^p«r, ncd C4i* 

AKMfTATiCM: tlut hruirh <i( phyilejLl tclnxD 
ttbiiiL itvjtA it\ do Huiiflit. tiraflift. atui c^^itiUliriiaa 
uf kit url vCUd «ImIJi? lluidJiH «iil <if the «i|uLUbnitEU 
of bodioB ■urifliiKd in tb<Di tt v toidAtiiDCH u««J to 
■i^hr th« irt af utrnJ nimi^tCunn, uofn favprrfy 

dbcBi3tt>: » fuDouB unicr ul AtboM, the yiMt 
liml Hid npoiKiiL bf UttiKsUiGDDi, Ura SSV, d»0<l 
81 4 %.C, Be WB" lh« »h of [»ir iMfvbla, ud |h^a1 
y» jAvtK th nwquU «TU|i«tiim*; bat bsmg pa^Mi*d 
Ol flTiHt uili-nM JiP i/m Hiwri biiOMlt fnwii nU bsu- 
bjlftPoMlkfa, UftfUig ^criulml AknovlDdjp of pnU- 
ifaM iAbm Aod pnclbM iFrAhrry. lit 4uii|l I«k«uu' 
Ibtrml uf DcauaihtiHii, irhtrrii, Wwin-^r, liadiilihit 
•fuA is p«vir nid «norg;j, ■Ithonfli ha wu diitaii' 
(■Mud hy ft biHiir dioiva nl w«nU, uil I7 rMiBan 
mUPww^ttattraUmM, Hftftog taikd ioW UUek 
oa (%«Jphaa In UDl b* Mbnl 10 Aj4b Ulnar, uA 
fa 334 W RbnlM, vbn* bt Kvr< iMmMicn iu 
riMorifr H« «f iar<wd« v*iit to Shu^ *htn btf 
dwd. dna cnlUiu Aad tmlw IvMen of bU *vd 
£b*llBt!k DuClaupbuu WW tlw«eauvficr 

Aanmin^ ih* r^aimopkm. b tifttn* d Ailwi^ 
■bsb bj «»jr of dltfuMion ben As pnoadisg, k 
odMa^tO'v^. vHkTWH-^lTBdEieof BooBtEB. Wo 
HHBI Ulhler bu uuilo lljnv dfjiliytiiB, fa rfHw, 
Urn JUfim, Bul (M Z^ufin -vhivh, hointTcr, an bM 
alkflPid b^ «4rki tnitim In b« gimiiih«- Th* but 
•IhiaBimbBtof 1 r, n>d>rr, Li«|«^> KM 



hortt in tTiB 3i nr 4lh ^vw tt tb« «3d 01jm|^*d 
iA:U kc ). Al Klmd^ In Amn«, at a mthl* funllv. 
Of (ha alTDiuiuUsva of Jili lift wc luve but wl* 
ultrnt uiJ uEiixvldiii AAA'iml*. At bbrmvvf LiirtBljr- 
fin 111,1?, tt^V^) Lc Cint ipfoand u aa iBpiiBak for ta* 
pnsD of tra)f*dy, but ww uaiuDOM rf ol. gj t oa jwan 
4rb«mftli b« ||am*(i ti» tinrt nf lhirt*tB vtotcrifl^ 
which vsre aJl MhifiiwJ tn l^« Irtt^vtJ S-lwva it« 
Bitd tTO A-c, llv fuutrlit ill iLt buiLlw vt Mu^tbfB 
whI i^Jaiiik, i^iuLounl UiD lidU-t^-UuiE ijC Uih fuwrr 
cf DtniiA t^cj Xcf<4, Aiid wimbt lu* tisfaniit* uUhbf 
Uv pi^auri fptflirtyfcf B nuoa—ful atjapffla fo*Khjty. 
In UiBmo hn tinX rBbrtl tbotMlPMt trcflD tb« rM* 
bi^^iiidiuiof Tbopti to B tUgncUd BhimirtrF, arktbu 
lie iMj DB OHuklcnd MB Ifli hbI creator. Intfolr 
■rTaui; (rain Iili hmd in hiH Bismf (uja A. W. 
ti<E>1<i:«I.Jik^ riJlM&«Blb*b>Bdbf Jupitv, B* 
cluilivd it whh b««fln»lTig djgwlj, B«d ^r* k b* 
*ppn>pnBl« plUff oF tibiltttiDTi; h* uiWBtBil HOAf 
]WTjtji. uid nut only butfnotvi thi' chorni ta dpf[ing 
Mill (tiuudnv^ bub anwand hbimlf In Ibv diarv.iiir 
nf B iilnjrav. R* fint |i«cf«t40 tha dialoitU'v *^d 
tvdowd the tji4cBl pvt fJ (k« tfacvdv, whkb «till, 

bDW«*«F. ODVIjpiv tH mU«b ^HV fa kL pfa^l- Uls 

rhunMun nr* tli«ti*b«d with b f«*r bdid uu ftniw 
rnum: bU |J'iiii Kn citraiuljr •bBTiliw but gauad. 
HtK dft Wmnf lurlliixiv <>' mlrivunaanLl dviiBlupuixiilB. 
All lua pDvtry nicali « lofty ud ardtfit uiuiL Vui 
Uiir oofMr dtnotioufv but tvmr li Ida raflog ihwt 
ttfiMkr, Ua kolda Qp tb* Wd of M«dOM lo lb* 
OTanvad ^pactBton, Bii raaoMT 0! Inaltog M* ii 
tfrrSbbi Sit lbq«ctnni*; fa mH ita gJMaay majnaj it 
UovHTi otur iDtfTiBk. Tb« oirtburaiuuf .fWbyliuli 
of BJ> ihm nvifibt: aabb tot giaot flfiORB Mbd« fa k. 
It BppcBfm to MFD nqiiind hi efljrt fa Um to r*T>^ 
•ant iBDTu ni«. U« wbIi «DnuaA«l]r vttfafOibL 4i^ 
Hhlly tha TtiBn*, ihnv i|d«t daLtiiB. lb« ^rmbcdi of 
tl^" iWk jjriiirlL>i< pikWKFH of lukturv, Ian); BtiieBtfiaa: 
down Ui TutaniiL lu bqcoHuo: irLlh Uie cmDdwsr 
uf hi* A^um hv tiudoBTvuift to iubLc Ibeir JiuvuBff4 
ffinntiu, ^moa ■ruv hanh itx-promvatt «vtrk4d«d 
w;tb •{dlbai', BUit Fmiaciiilv ib bi*dicraa lulMBto 
4'im*tm*rt\*mn «iul ^ffmt i^lBcidrity In tbi duioj 
:;nnbMir of hit inrni/t^ ani a>i-rr«u«tu he rcwmble' 
DvUflUid !UalupQ«n^ W« bave only asireD ttf bU 
InfEvdjH rvniBULinH . Lbair wlmlv DDUilnr b fttoUd to 
UntB bpiD nftvniy-, bcoAdbm to •romc. mn^j; but 
4inonc Ihaoi, AWi>rdinff to ifvi lavtincrny <■/ u»« ak' 
rtvnU, » hiiv AJttiiB nf hu rpT4iia|iBl tnirb<L Tbf^ 

arc ihv /'j ^'f\fi'n /i'mnii^ TItr \vm tffon Tbida^ 

DW Ptrrimit. j(vaf«niiijuj^ TAf C4(*^iAorT. 71* J9h 
«^>rii•l^ and fJbd SwppHanU, Dii^uiitvd at aninf 
iidaria uaoai lavOiitwi to 1U» own^ and pvitiniUaly 
M tb* vutoiy af th* jowh; Sopbu^ba, ot| ■mumHiiig 
to th« tuoM fi«ohabla iMOomiAtt mnpaLled 'itf Mk ««a»> 
uilcn of BLboInn, .^Ijifhjlufl kft AtlJa In 469, inl 

h[>nbiiiB hy Kiiii; IlLi-E^t, kiiU Jh^I 404 ^k\ It VBkid 
tW •« aagU BiistUriobc bia baiid IkMid Cdr b Mmr* 
dnwpod B tctftotet u it. fa wdaa to bnaL tW abalL 
and au fmaUad la flruJa, wblat jpwffbBtod thiul Iba 
port wittid dfa fay A bhnr fnm bMnoa. Vnt tUa la 
Bwiirvaa/ B bUa. Tbt b«t adbiu i^ bia «i«ba 
arv tboae of Sfaidty, y^fAt Tviwn\ mtaa^ 



IGWdv. UWi bdJ LMdcAi l«^i biddnd fa 
P«4a ^emii< entfi iU^p^ IMT): a. Uvnaaa 
1U VDk. Bi^in, 11150); mhI>. A. I-iJet On BtUiA- 
l/inChudmy MiMda plai* bBV* W«d poMlited Iff 
Bruiflli. HKKWflJb EwnfltU &a;and natkillnM- 
latiooa bjr rnfawi* Bfadd* and Ur, nun)|«« 

rfi;K:ULAnL:4^ iLv l*i>dof ucdiefaa. Sov»vffltc«a 
«bU Um b xm of ApoUu and Ar4M% dw^bltf^l 
T^acinpiu; AUtara of ApoUc Bfirl CertOK dhitfliter 
nt PhlfiffiH ThwafvaWihfriwibWgDvabK^th* 
woodvuvbidil^Ubiaiiiuffy. AdMitffatf «v ivaa 



I 
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foiuul by idvtpbettU, %a-X lii* Mviiiu laiutB rHX-gqi;^ 

Otbin, Ccmmii hnrini; uimjtU^l ihv duWtOw of 
iMfc^ « wfrll » ihoK of A|»l][\ t)iv UMtf in ft fit 
of MV»r ^-i l>uuiA la hiA tl4Aitk bUcd <\iiQftdik but 
iftTBd Llt« oliEJri fhiiii brr mmLh. 'Vho Ivl opinion 
mv iht EDiwit ojumiuii, and vrhA uiabriiicU bj Ui# 
^rthwi and"' Apiillu ■£k«nrnnlt broufhl bin taij 
to CUmA. vho LnrtrvctHl biu in m«dicuiafeod him^ 
i^ Ja tha fomor h# wqwivd a hi^L <l«grH of 
■bU> «a m ia lUfpiH tvon tbo fam^ n| hti 1«Hb*p. 
H« not flfily pwwklod tlu daCh of th,e U^n^ but 
«Tvn msllivd th« dad (o Ufn. Jii|iiUTH Imwtivar, tn- 
dunJ by liw eompbfnlv of bin bivthfT PlutDi «lvw 
£ wilh ft thdo^tubolL Af ler bii dHib bv iwjrtd 
JMbb haai>um lo pftrtiflulftr ha wu wvnfai|iv«J ftt 
K^qdiiimu, in P«toffonaaHH (h* J'ynJitI, vim a^ 
imipla with ft (:mvi> wt> dwIicnhHl Ui him Fhim 
tb« vaenrhi^ rvv^iTiir Tiam krmt nf hb» imMt miutrk- 
aU» ill*as» ftij-l ibtii romedies ibe gmtflt uhyil' 
cUdb falhcitii eipDrivncD ftnd kbowledffb lueace 
Ui Wttuhip fpnotl ovv aU Oto^oe. ftnd fiualV (o 
****— JUtor 1h* pU^a bflii r^iirBd then* fi:.r Oirn 
tiBn amtiiHulihrv wvtv vnt bi -f^ptilH^-iint, (i-t Kpr 
oumHv bt iJjoftdvlwof Ibo Delphkn A|»gUo. Thcj 
Iml Larlly Afrpriunt bvfura Uir jjuj. irhea * «Bf|Cul 
cnyl fEnui iKucnth tiL> >mii^, ftUd bflfttvicd dirJ^ilir 
tol^ KomuQ ibip. Tblii ■vrpoiti wbiali vnm timuglit 
In b* /tluukpiiiB )iiin»lf, ww umSvH with jpvtt 
■nlimtitlj in l^mn, npi|i wh1"h Ou* plbpiip Mjvd 
.^bnlftlilaa hod iwo ttat^ Mftchfton ftDd I'oilftUrliu. 
ivb^ *tiv x-aUml Aatit/iiitJm, illiiI ilurjuij IjIui Trtifui 
W uuJc thesuiclve* tunwtd ft« Lcr»> taA phrai' 
cam*. Hw i1iiMim<TiiitB or at leaM s phoAly ia«ti> 
fiT nif M ft boDirUdft of BAdloinft, van alht nOt*(i 
AmhTjitftOir. HI»dfta^Dvivw«*lfy^ft, r»fti. t'4na- 
oat. vtd 4^*U, tUa ftoA uf nhuia uaa wurftliljipciJ u 
IIb {fwldcBi v1 IwiLltb, JiKiiImiiii* i* iv|irnmiiL*iI 
wth ft Utjew hMT'i) lK>1^Jn£ ft kn^LlT nU^^ munc] 
wbiolj ^M .'ifctwiiwl ft »*q'rtrit. itc mnbo^ i>f oohtoJ 
o«o*iic4. KHr btDi fltuida t)i« ornrls ih*«yTDlv»| ^.i 
vfttichfnUiMiL Hfi it floiuitlnui n<own*d irith ^hx' 
Iftartluf ApDllii. fldBioaiiiwiliLftDtllffiiEinTelaiJiiiru)! 
ii ixywintwi Ti«qd« him, viiih k up u|>o]i liiii \it^, 
■onppvl up in a ckAk, flamrb^Jou .KAciilB|>iup m 
MMttutodaDdtr ibolmw erf ftBrpent m]y, 

jVMciP; lb* oJdM Un«fc falnliit- Hi* ii m\A tu 
hvro ban m nVti*o of PlirrglBi, ftml & fdftre> liU Iw 
wo «ft ftva lij hi* lft»t owutr- He livnl ftbout bb 
nUdW of tin Ctli nutii^ iLt, Ha uiuulcnbHl mW 
of pHiOlicift} miivftlltji d^va fnni tha hiUla of tlw 
taJcrio <n Miuo^ ftuii ibui apnftd bla fOnia Ihnijgh 
0»vni and kL] tlk« Md^lxturtfj^ nuhtAaa Ckswu. 
King of t,yt^ IktlM iOwp to bii cuhtL ftnil leapt 
tdsi ahrftji ftbovt U< nnim- TniTfpral ha man avrwt 
■baan. cOEopt iJurliu ui Juiinii<:ta t» Gnvop, Ptnlft, 
■Dil BfCn*^ Oocotu uo« Hn6 Liiu to Ltolpbl to oflot 
ft aftCf^Anj to Ap^tL?: ivbLhi «t|itnd bt tint aubft^ 
||ft«To|A|ii«fdbfafl4tlMK]iuUiBsL0ff. wbicfaftHnuchl 
UffdM* at ft dkliinniij but Imt ibi t«niDT> wfiini Kp- 
prowJLfij. TbcnriaAof DalpU.ftpp]yi>ir^f'>hl"^ 
(bauiadiftfti nftvdTvil la (ftka muTCftTica vu 1b« ftatlu>r, 
ooi Aiu oim fmn * utolplor. Tlta Ufa ol ^f^aop 
coBlobcJ ia lb« OcUloction cif hia loblaa which vu 
Bftda I7 MkiiiDM Plqiivlm, n Arvlr uf tJia Kth 
nrWwy , iV"«i hw» hmi jw flXcwulvrlT iWflrin«i ami 
dlUffmlilo b hit m^tvutmttot. *b4 ^yan to itDtlcr- 
uif. buk lliu aoamit diHo itut agivo villi wluht Ub 
nabcDparaivia a$^ of Uift. 'Fho tlonn roUted of 
^hofi, owi I7 the uLduh1>, kru Dill cDlitLoi tc 
■vadlt* TluTf uti UiTv* pnnDtpal roUHHinna nf fal^lH 
haartri^tho n*moif 'T^«np, mil nt vhjnhnm ipLiriniiii, 
Tfat fin* [a Uui \jy ll^x^u'lo^. h^iWIi ko* piibli^hnl 



Uilvdhi iGlorEWnHfldflhnvM^ ' t^-a lUiTd vu 
Aiuiid lu ft 11^ iLb FbrmiE^n-, ujil 4ru ftnl iiublkhftl 

iu I^tif. A chtiii^kl iriiuon uf nil kr^i'Mii wjlaaftUit' 

ISCi^, TU bwl Enk^liih vir^iiiitki 4i>< by <'ruul) uil 
lX>dtlv^. TImw lAbE<« hav« hul Jiiuuljur],c*ai tmi' 

tftlOlft. 

jidUfUH, Cianini, ft ujja1mt*a ftotor, vho llour- 
abctlft^ut kbp 0TOlb jriwrDf lUniM. liauaa ftuia- 
tampanry of Btpvdoft Ilia folly in t-jKiu^g luunry 
CO oipaiiBlvo difdia* nuula Mm aa <fnu|He[ioui ** hi* 
drftmiAlo talcftta- Jta i« ul<L nt unv ojiUirLtLininiiDt. 
Vo havD had bdlah mind willi ■in^ii|f mtd ap-ffLkmL; 
Urcta, vb^^ mat £^<m, Wb«ii atUn^ h« MtMiid 
loki h» |jiirL U niicli 11 iltEm ika aHiivibnoa li* bo 
aMaad wiib ft parfaot cotaay, l'tut*4ili lueuiqMia il 
ftaivfurtod of tdiQ, Ihftl* vltUat W «u rtproKA^itf 
Alrada dflUbarftflog huv h* abuuiil rcvtjug* fajuiHiJf 
on TbyuHtife^ Im mu mi lrkrLii|i(jr1ji4| hcyitti^l bininAJf 
ibftt bv atDUbi vitli bi« irititnli'^qi i4r« 'iflJjp «rTwi(a 
vhti naa ar«iii4i Uw aUMjVt and killol lUoJ uu Uio 
«pol. 

Liu aduHr^a vLiL'ti liuxlit of tbv boaolilul, aii«l of ih« 
mhtnia tppluittinn* erf ita |4intftpW FkiiiEiiijf7krfj<ii. 
a iiTofuBBor Iq bho oulTflr^Jty at Fiukfiirtaii-tlu- 
Oder, liiit uacd itu nftuto. ftiiJ uilcbdnl bu Jcuifuftkc 
by lb ft braiidi U phEkiau)iby, irbivb thauld cal^jlbib 
i;urT«ut priociplM n pritioiani ia nJaiioo lo Uiv bgftu- 
lifiil. SiTioi tlu bma rf IhiumgHlviL. thin wiXfH hu 
In-h tibxl in llrnnhitT, l-'rvrnv, luity, lUiil aIhh in 
Siy^ftud. For llw i'harftotar of the ictcnce.nnd tbv 
allcutkju ^bluli il luu jwcjiol, att ^hiitm/pky. 

^S!V\l^\i ail cKlnjiudj fio<, vubtile, mul rJa*tii] 
Quid, whidb |ikiJui<7|>liun Cami luiifiotatd to ha dLlT^wd 
thrcci^hoLit llw unuvtu, uul Ly m'Kiii of vkij<<b 
ihrj hJiVB inpUmnJ iimuy of t^^" cwiit pbnrmiDPiiii 
ijP oftLun, It la uiirudoucil by Atl'toLla. Ita l^iIbU 
aut: i^Q]'<kt \x tiTuviii. KiswUiu IkJiv««J iu il, wkI 
cipbuiu by ib dm cmiUDCtiun cr llio |t4rkB of a body 
artil thd bkW if |[T3vitj, Rulrr nai«rtJi tliAt nthar ia 
tiJinP«t:(V,'IU0Ali)l»tJinait1>iiin*r.viwl l;^7a UoMi mojo 
olfiatlp than atnuftphr^rl? air. 

-KTUKlt; In cLtauklry, Si:a E^hrr. 

.-t^iiiuriA. 8b« EUiipi'Ui in Su.m^ntfnt, 

.Krtiiij ona of tba mnnt mklr^ua defmdan af 
Arianisiii, ht'm rri Syrlft, floBrkdnd abuul ft.li. 3^0, 
LnM liii f itUnwvra wi<ri> oaEad ^ffTtaiu- 

^4'^''(.4, or Kttti ^llalian^ Ma^j^htlU, ft oomiptioA 
tjf tlic tbhliftt iinaiU, itiid tht^ Am)} (^'Ad'^ bobblNBOA* 
inu '^ujnuntajii"), tlia ItifbJtsl vt tha bhna gnat 
voioBoooa gf EuropOj U litiiftlod In iiiu aattb'*a»U*u 
pait at tha ialuid of tidily, iicof iha town of C^lofda, 
ftnd nirt ia tcrrt'-'M fnnu tbu |duiu oE CaUeuii, tiU 
ioi einfl ftttaiDH hii jklmibLU* limi^lil uf IIJ.^U fn<t, 
lL4 Wt in nwrLy iii> uiilM in drcuU, nud tji b1iji^]q<1 
wiiL Wrtiie acid illiiH!«t liJiabklol b\ o mimfmimiuii] 
tia{t|>f p<r|iuUtiL>ii. In aae?ijdui|; t1i( iDOiiDtVa tba 



ImvoUcr Tuui't |MiAft lliFvii|;b tkius ditliuat oUl 
Ibc h<>t. tJhi tA[Ei[<DrAli], ftuJ thi> fntfid. AeeanliaBlj, 
thi- whrtU mminlftin in dividod iolo tliTM lUalUKl 
cobM vt R^om. 4Mlkd tbv fvrlila ngiua (Aqrivnc 
opAo), Ilka «wdy icjidi 1 Ar^W idix^a or il 4»a<o), 
ftod Iba bomii tt^ imi (Ar^ianf 4i*rrio.) Tha InwaaV 
rai^tmc9i«ida iip<,4ihrdH fiooi ftbnal two iniltaon tin 
north, ta tvn or uluvnii on Lha antith. llu anLt rtin- 
ilnUinf i]ntitin[)WMl toLouiic inftlUr. ftiid in winxril' 
Inifly fcrvilt, prcduoiiiv tho bnt frnitfi. oonu win?, 
utd uLjvH ia j;iici],r- Hw bwity anJ CntiUkv of tlji> 
rtifetnut, iu tiFMuna tad founlft^ ila ovohaMa, vinc' 
rardK ft(i4 ocm-fiBliti, lU n>ur*iit* end vOlagoa aari^ 
HniE ftrni4 gnirH of riioHtiiiita ftnd plftna<ti*aa» rooi.' 
t>iTinl witb it« bAutLfni aky btid ij«llt;htful cUnftl^ 
hnva asoktad (ho adiLiirftLlau of ftU tfa^DUan^ Not- 
witlaUudiae bajtiOHnl futillt/. buH-ctBi) ib ia iukr 



4a 



,BrOLlA— AFFINITY. 



bT Uf«. wlui-k I'irm a ■trlklii^ njitruL with ibe 

^lou^bad (Lhv *■/, TIh woody rc^on <»r tcmpcnU 
vona laEtoadi Ikav ^ ta nj^ht miJAi in « <lirp--t tinu 
ftbo** ilk* IhtUI* fvffkiO* tpA fannf a loiifr itJ tian 
bKjfhlnt fFDHi An miind tha tjlinilitBln. cutil filing * 
plmbW contrvl Ui 3ti vbilc ftzuj Utvs huJ, It 
abouijcjii lb vmkK, WdiE^ fins linKs^ 4iiil dtciUmb*t 

*'^» CbaaUiul of « Huiidivl IIiitph/' 'HiiiMHlid 
■hnkljir to Ihiit «f tbc lowi^r n-^utn. 'rh* «ir hrn* |< 
0w] uid rvlmhEn^ iiorl tvtry biw ^ Einblnl wldi 
pnfijqm. ilio i^rDiiiitl buiAV L'uvrmI wiLii Uto rl4:hc>t 
Mnrjiktii: pluiU. TUv >miiAi7 liE:ri ■« i^nuctiJI/ *vry 
fiaViamquwj Nod frwumatlr mouidv tliv tmvolW of 

Ptgluh ceimn«DOcB U Hi* Iwt^ht ct hbtiiit 'i^nn ftfl. 

jJtvtfiilBliuadiBpjianhiutit wlii:ii]u>lil wiairy Miuu 
<i>Hpi>rcr«drwrr«V44Awuf iimit wiiav. FroaH 
ldllil«f pUnarWtluWniUDfr] cone, ItOOlMll^h 
ABtl «mn(lnf fnm Im iUh iitlpbundu* v«pDiirt- 1ii4 
enter 11 lUtUB lu rwnstuf chcnga in 4lup« aia4 diEun. 
■foht, HiA tifffr fpim llio Ea^ if Avtarlaad a* iiu^ill' 
OMrt biypmi Jii^ription, tbo wUpIb UM)d lyb^f at ttu- 
■pHtetcr^ foet lUu * map* Mad th» pucmua U\tine; 
k HJU. the ^£^Luk tilublii, tbe Ufwt Jaluil^ 
•n<L tJu IUUmi cuuL lli« nufaod of WO aunbUlb 
I* AEiuaLiSflnbly ■lWi-rwfiv<!, flnfl tia HlhIiv tre stivlflnd 
irflh ■ mniilMTiif iiiiitcir miir^a, Oi« lmv<*l'>' vhjub i« 
■bgut ?vir fwt hlfilL Tbfi rut miJK M t,\n* iiinUDUih 
fa brolnu b> Uiv Rouu-lutttltf (l4|<ii«n>Li •:^vi bli? 
VaI Jal Dorvh fe «f( of uap)bitu*tK Mfe luila in 

naylftg froTa liiuo k.i n-Arlv Joaij fp^ci in ■Imiitt par' 
Itamflrukr 1uii|[bi- In ttiv Luwcr ivA of tbfi monn- 
Wu iC« lavM ■u»ti«n fthamaM vllb anUowiu 
pliraUt liui the Knat ma^ ia cutlnJy oiiuiAivd t/ 
TvJauc prvdihrta. in whii^b iha yrv^vlitig wiiicFala 
■ra fallaur, au|^M, nliviiui. mid tjUmEfqroua imn. 
1^ immWr of r*foriU<i vruptionii ib btlmvn 7U i&a'l 
JA. Of thntv 1 1 UQk plarr befon tha ChnatlaD tra: 
it* wnM nnnulL*lrlQ LvEu;; bUvKuf u.c^ 47tt «iir i'^) 
And ISI, Of HEbHfJueiit Gnj|ptiuiii Hk juukt vcti» 
bnu^l Mv th(*c »l UdD, ]7]>.-t 1^11. ^'il% U3^ 
lIU.uil U&!f, llw moat mwat anftioii wu that 
M iKfl-t. Ill hrinv th* UTk rlf«tnT>vkt IhK rlvKllJii^ 

vali«isj titt n. TLu? <juautttT tbM iBital TntJii (Jiu 

IlMUnUiM lb loi^S Wu, ^'JUl ullD UT two VtlBpFUutll^ 

lb« gnaaf<. oo roAXiL Ju dqb pUbH it forin«l a 
aaaoAd* 40U Ivvt high- vEtimmppIiaa not onty SidiW, 
but frvat pcitlof I Uty kii'1 id>n MaltA,wlUi ]o>. ^iIikH, 
tutfjloyol ill o>o]la£ llipkr ilriiilj^ li rL-n(\kil b/ dv! 
icwIiUiuU A*iii^biblmui)il-iiLuntfu( eLu ntuPBHuiui 
«l lib. In ISaSi fthoo, la oAavtiunac* uf tb* ni;i»- 
riva iianiflir taaMb* *iJppb' ■^vvl (danal axbAunUil. 
a ■ablwfaawn tnaaa d i» miu 4^1*r>ovcnd whMi baa 
Ifam pnvtrvad pathapt tomDlurtH by IviEif oovaiail 
■tOi k *<r«aiu 111 UiiL 

,^T>]U,i. ■ ihtiti'm iif jjiij<nit O n tot, bomAw^l va 
lla MitLud n(jftL'(*»«| try tJu CEtiBftna, DoU-pUAi^ 
aftd AMpMtodilafa^ aepamaiJ on tbo ttca( \rj On 
Aalwbiua bwn Aoa«ani>, vMbMl by U» VorlbtUaa 
OaU INI tt« ftnitii, aii'i hwtnjg l/K^ni ami ]>wFh on 
HbaaaL BvMm thn Ai'^ialnun Uir ^uily rivar of itny 
riM ««* Iha Bvuiui. B«bv«o tlwa U«« ■ bnib 
riaU* «f«m«d by the luf* oalM Aiamnfaua co 
ibattM&Dw MuihtcartafU** F^alo. TLa raaiaf 
1^ cDUhta^ it e t oaaad ^ aJi dlraaUona by niogAl 
DounUln^ uHfid villi foiwu ajul ^oiafnoelail by 
niiaiB. Tba pUoa pcniupail abandaDaa of ouRi 
Mkd ■aoaHant paaMfa^ a»d tiw d^tolkb hnraiB vtra 
howPk 1^ DUflnUiu tln]h« indnccd ifOoJ wina 



viri iQ, IJnna, briars tttA ntbfr wUd Iviwla Iiiff«(a4 
iLc n*i'i4JJiUi(itt iu &ik<jjciit Ujum. CiJjkljju. IMeiLfurij 
(uirl 1'LpEiuum were Uia «lucf tuwiiui. In bttiucUuiva 
.Sbjlib iFv L'TlcbtaWJ an tlu: ncunc of i]id hunt of ihq 
C'lJydunijU] liour iiu« Val^J*m one/ Mrlwuyrr) ; aj^d i^ 
.^ilcLiivii innk put Ln th* 'rnajtui wm. 1'>jv iiuuif 
WM tnulPiioii*lly.Mv^(| ijifm /h^VilrK, ion o( l"ju!y. 
uilu^ Avlw KiLlIrd in the L-uuntfV wljj a ci>hjiry of 

ICpL-flJl* flUUJ l'i|»IiuL.lirJIU>- lIlG illhi^UJlAulji JITK 

bltli: Ji«iki\l of ID VftTcli liiHirry bill thrt I'nlopmiiipMta 
Avivr, 4t which limu ihry nviv i;ittonLiiii. oiiupUj^ tha 
UrriAk* fiirtlir riiiLf^ni'Mt nf tfiivir mnnnitiv 'I'doy wvr* 
ilUk'lil Snbi a mcinlvmr Irtilf^mloit irtbc^ Uvtnjf 
bf pluuUcL- uiil Lfat iJudc, Tlid> lubwiiutiiiUy funnod 
tiiD ETiiifodc^mcy civllci] th« fl-^bi-»]j«i Lalk^ik^ v-liit-b* 
nSUit \tn^it\£ nulcrul BvivtBUCio in (hv «xi>iit44>p of 
Iha C!vu]* frtiin («rv4<P [ST0 %j;.)^ b«a>ie wkth thi> 
Mo''i-d<4Tii4ii< uii iha Ai^haaoa if.olonoof tW ^liivf 
po»4rrB In thecoiiniry- Tl» Ica^uu «iwLt iliti htigbl 
uf ilA jjuwvr in 2^l> li,i:, Afbu- HiflfLiiiif 4f^n«t tlw 
Achii-4Jiii vif\ Mjv-i'<]iqiijuk«. litLtflTly ill timjaaEtioA 
witli ilii' i[.imnTtr» iliry >liiMrUid iJlelt alUaa on pc^ 
oai^iTiij Tfii>r Tie \r 'rTif.i^fl Miu In dan^TT frmn thru. 

Tb>;y III' I ] I V'ih'"lia» iif r^yni. uid on h^i div 

foki ^!l^iO ilii'\' i-.dr.i rjtLiIrr Ejin ItiiuiEtn pnwxr. uul 
w«Tr LLliin»t«E> iti. ir] I ] LL4il In tlw t'Tntimo of 

Adifci* -FV'iu, ; u- 

^if^tl fill I.I .1 iii'iii <i ' li-h III rill 
A II ■ ■ . ...I I. ,, -r,', 

OT llfkL Jli^kLJulJ. AlEimlLL n - H 

wliHii HVU!«^r"il !■ t^* 1*1 ]:i 

wlidf uvjiUni'i^ toMiiLOkl I'Lh 

fai^^i T^ ' |- I 'I M litftkLliL^ 



wilh Aoamaiiia i^.v\ 

iikVLt >if fa^^U upon vaA 

r -/''fn'rijiy luadit iW of 

:l JEldgH IV & Oiling 

<Fi ;^ ;iJiy li daLiWii 

llip affidavit iViiB IljS 



DAiEir- bt t)'' 1 1 M ML ' I It, uml ftsvi«n t\iM tlu ■lAto- 
rtwiiE* i'U]tTLiLij4:il lit ji nn truu. Ulie AttiiLd^il OMhy 1m 
feworii tn ill oiiPTi oiiirL, nr liufon n ini^Airala at 
<»th''r duly ijiuilitind ])*■»■ in. 

Arj-iMrr, m dn^miPlry* iiuy br ')4^aacd aa tJit 
fjix-c by ipvluuh uidiKfl kijui* uf uiaklur vcnaliluo •# 
iii^HiWly thnk Iho prnpvrLiu of the DUmDUta ar* 
LmI, mui * EompoiinJ Aitli iiair pnipattias ii |Vi>^ 
■liu'ml TIhII fluuifz" 1^ prnpoTliM 4lijQi>j{iiUhfla Vt 
fmm ihri fiknx- of o>hr«iL<in 'ff <if ajlhtaJiiLtv «dB« thr 
Uiilin iJiiltvd by buUi iLur fufuu tctam llidr rrapce- 
U<v i)ual(t»a DDcliBiiiieit. Of iho fonsIbMdf wvkiMiv 
t>oibiD£, an wa knov itothinr cf ih« ntbar forcaa of 
talunv Th> hwn that rrffidita it ^fiU b* diiatl»aJ 
in th* art. VltmiMirtj il^wi of I'^irofitikatu^nli a fa« 
jimilUrUaa In lu inanlfiitULtkiTia may bu hne notBil. 
Tl» two bodloi luiut Ib in cmitart. i^r ai mi In- 
vmubla JiabuHH. llptiL^r it !> all but indlatvpishlr 
that <iii0 of Ubvm ahoiiJd l>« h ElLiiti, Aib^uf nt^Kj 
«4^t4 that pv>wi>rini]y intlucnoa blUnLly. iho meat 
lTn|M^rUril aiv hr^t. l^-lil, and alfdj^ty. ficfa of 

wliLdi LQ vofiitLjii dtmnitLLtitTo m*y proaim <ir i|j» 

fidrr dii'ii4L^ uuiun- TiiUali hihI huiJ "■"■'*-^ 
iiiidi<( A ird beat, And hnii leL^vh, (aibouio IcM ABiI 
linu'i iini(f>i Jtt (kiiiinmn 1<ini]H)rihCirrH Ut nnbla tfT 
UeuhI-414, nrA niikr^tod by A pv^J taiiL CUtfiB* 
ud uiUivi^n may ■^■ unii'-l vlthnut unlan te Ub 
tluk, la dajUffbt tbay uiitu i^niliially. la ibo otb 
tlifyuvJM MuDCBu Ak vliKtriu ■t<u'L tm<tl llwofli 
a niKtur* of oiTffiit boi Itydrctraa nmbiMa ibA 
Into v*ter; aa tlrttrid aim«kl baaaad lluroofh *aM 
demnpcaat h Inta oivgaa aoJ Uydfqgan. l^ato- 
irnpriy ftnd al»eUfVjnai«l]iifDr mo fiwndod in i^ 
chi^nk-A] aoduncf lij^l Mill «|aaLikItYJ tha atfncy 
oJ hnl la UDl**mUy <«bplDnd In iiliaiiiin and 
melialluncr. t^dUuca*|vvd\iccdt7<LW9BL«Bloi»- 
bliutflaftlE^ «tu rmoMlM «| Uw alemo&W cmplar*! 
UD andkaaly wM. CoWw. tvt«> huI wmII a«* 
dhanflttt) daalnpid, ar Anatat!; haimUM okoavia 
pralaoa atTnaa pubonp» HtiontE pdmwproduM hftn» 

Ar^Lxrnr, la Uw, i> lliM drum of cviiuKtiu* 




AmitMATrON-AFClUNISTAX. 



■IIP 



vb^ tuWitt lwlir«*n am nf tna muriihi p^nnna 
mlul I^n IiVaiI fi^PnTinn* nf th/> ntltf-r Tl >• nn rr-«J 

■u uilxnUucc Irifiu a (vlaiiuii Vr UTmlXv . lU'itlh'r 
doc* it iTtocLJ 4o Uw DcnmtfclAtii'iiiKiF KuhWiJ aiid 
vift ta JA to eivftte AualbBl ivUtinn iH-tW'n thvin. 
Tb* dv^r*™ *^' nfllhitj Aio o^nifiiiUd in tb« Mma 
v«/ ft# iboiio of mimn^TiEiUy or tilooil. l\y tti'^ 
Jfvbh lib»; iL^krri&nt: kaa jirvdjIlijtiH! wlCi'ai iwrUjn 
4k|[nc& Ni^fJy ibb taum UmiluliuiPi xru Jvln^tLixl 
iatfr thu Uit> cif I'ura|krt Ati^E A(iitfic& AI] Ic^ 
lOipi^linidTtL' Arinnj; frum isfHcait;^ if«i# iipoa t|m 
<lf«Lb iif Tin* hii>liLi>iT f.r »if*» MMplvng, *l Cftiir*?, 
thoM uhlfh rrlAij> 10 iFiE- ui^ntii^ i^f i'nt iurvivor 
The IaWic of filbiJiIvij iltiifExia (if ^Pl^ilty 1% liy lUi^ 
vC[^l«fHl4(^ 3an of Kji^Iui^!. iTUntiiaiidHL tit fmliuui: 
\iji la tli diuriT.iit* I'lif liniikUa C'hiiroh •ix'ikf nl 
jrpiritnal a^niiji, wbli^h J' ooDtnotod by tLo »uri^ 
lEHOitt (nf ti«iilLflm uid oonlEriiitllon; HOOTdir^^ lo 
whWi ■ g'»il.mtJi(ir Tiny »oi [MiTTy hii goj^uglitur 
vHlujul n iLiiipti'VhlJon- 

AfrjMfATLv^ Bit;iufliN^ in orw HfiH, the wlwuii 

vhiHi llid kLLir^liAii (if an imth ih ivqiiirHl i»f niJirtr 
HuuiiL Thr fon» furQiiKktiniiuul Miinvbit lh, "T 
^ hXqiuiIt. tuiwn-lj. *iii1 trulj UtvWo ruui (LiELrm," 
AlGnSAllDEk ii sutw ftUovitJ t*^ Ik fiilialituteiJ fur *il 
oalh in nil cah* wIutu ik |icnuji rvlu>« to tuku un 
ohUi tr«D coiuL-jifTkiiuLK laoli'm, il tb* Jbdifv ia Hitii- 
ftad ttui tliri inolivM aiv miiiufLi-ntiniiit. FihliiP- aHtr 
nuliou k4 «iibjtctt<t lo tXv3 nunc p?ni»UtiA u porJiiTy. 

IM. Sr 4fi4 as- X,; Ion. dl' ma 70" K. il » 
tiAlmil^ <>D tliir tiut Lj' Kuhm^r uml tho PunjnriK 

««i ih* fcitith Iijr ltal*wmM*r-»ii, oh ihi" "e^t lijr thf 
I'enUn iirovlcaj (if Khcnmin. ami un lliu nottJi liv 
^WLcsUkii. Hid ^ruiltBt luij^'''^ (tuiii veibC bi iwunl in 

^mUvi bowiVBTn [W urib wtll doEiLi^i. and Ebi; mL] 

ttlUBlvinUu. 'I'hfl t'qMitAtlnr !■ «*tiTi)iktj^ii nt liotUTOii 

SPOO.OOOkud 9S>9%*)00. Atihai\ltUi> Luiiuit)) dilelly 
Uly, Lntn. uuiuluibilf il baLJu-UitiK (hiii:cb uIauu*- 

]i«nj of thu lul niv w*l\ M-nttitvJ aad vcf^' forlilts 
but Ahaiit taiir^fitlli* '■( th* wIjdIa ikirf^iot ks muky, 
toaanULknriiii, mni finrir^luKlvt- Tiif mirfiw nu trii> 
JV.H il Wiriaml niLL tilly tau^>^ Ih^Ioil^iu^ Ut iliio 
Bmdeo Onah. wLvh bdgbia aic afLnii L^,i)OQ, aqJ 
VB«tiac* uu«l £0,000 foit. TIhi ]afti<ut pvw 
Wv tbotv ll^OOO f«ct, ud thv muJ i>ftvn ixwci «li>D.e 
lhftl)M*af lour^l prooipiw* ming from ailOCi lo tJiJOO 
taH, Tbowholenortli^cjiitoni [XirUfiiior th•^ 'wur-lry 

kMASBBPTslclainlllUllf irVbTtfOOOftwt; Irtll loUJlfrlil 

0H aDailt*v"t, ia Kliich diivL^tioo tLn firlmn|i4l 
imadiia cWai <*l ilt<. intonor r^n» (be couoirr »iii]i> 
dovn l« net luon ibmi It'i)!' foot. Tlw pnnuj|iid 
ftVMtutf ot nmiDiintMCloD tvtnt^'U Af^lja/iiftlBu niij 
Indb ue Iba hunouA Kybtr Tkidi, liy Abiirb tlif rivi<r 
CUml *ntcn ibn INiiijikub; ihTnuiniil PnvtH^lup ivaih 
ig tothrFL^rijujIj^BiiU tliP BotoD Tim on ttie 4»utii. 
Ibtofl^ which lh<i roulf pa«r4 t« Stiiidt. Uf Hii; 
Hnvi^ iDMllf in tbti otiutn •■•( thv {•nublr/. iha lar^rtl 
il Uw HHtiiDiiil. ivFiLt>k fiiiVkt in h nciuLli-b'tfHUily 
dfnttinn airin! tinn «ili> mili. LiEl it niitort J-n-V-- 
TI— iiiin IbmviuvlliK X'rv;ljuiiiiab» uixm^ltk^ral^rt 
rtrrrti. Jft^l In uuiroLldiic^ iui< ibo C'^buL Lh llic 
b«vt!b4«at, liic Ftrl ItuJ in tLc aDrtltwcrtH H<td 

fif oJt iiiHi#r, till- 4a« nur tJii: W. fruotwr, rallnd 

•ai thu cUii^r, c^iIlf«J AL^InlMfa, ftUiut II 




miiirt in dianiftaTj I«vmx)« thv Mit Tlif iJlmtto la 
octiwULtlj' mil] in Ih* bJgbrr. n<L IniimH^ly ^ic m Ih* 
bwfT nidlaiii- On the wlmle bavarAr lL b tiJ iibriiii]i^ 
aoiidiiwojinfnv, Hib nivit uuiduidii ktnw nrv pbiqa^ 
onki, th« vOd oUvp, cyprrw^ Urdik itAiniib, vail Wlj. 
Matij- indiAD^TialiJiiie p]»ti ^v ifioDtvitAOfJy vo 
o(l«rUnf Iha flh'lcH>(-'«oiiib,iAduBf4itSdAl*ft4>rmiruj]^ 
In xhe ilbiM tho miiibeny, Umsn*!^ uof^w, ilnLu^ 

Inlni, vilbf4, |iljuir, ml puj^Urnrv fiMi»il; nrnl ILint 
nilu, ill tliv L'n^lml votiub/ nijd iibiiJidjbiLCii^ j^rw 
^iliL. 'Htn ciLltlvjibLa Ujkd, « Vfrj fioidl ivuponioa 
of ibc vbjilo ivnu, it andn lbdl0Bmi( maiuginnaai* 
In unny ywl* 1*0 liiirf«t» «>v uiodilUt napad, 
Thu jTini'tpftJ OTiff* ani vhMt, tarmhig liia itapl* 
fiHnl «f tilt wi'l'lii; liul^y. ^tui til buTW: pun 
uKt Uajat, nav. inaitin, uiJ anttajJ of thii l^i^^k ^ 
Hi&diaua. <)tbci onpn fov (obwc^. m^dd^r, HninQ 
■n^orwu^ ATid ot'tton. lliDnior4in4iiirCA.ntduT>)r4tio 
uiiiiu&lf &rc ilio ctiiotl &nd dmnvilary. tha b'lrv-, tita, 
nrid inuln, llii» lit, jLiid nbaep tIi^ ^J^'^ Inr- HcV^'m 
niid iiii«iniif)ijai fjit tiili; itf wiTil uiiiiudH Up-^Tvactf tbti 
Ijyn, ibv t!K«r. Iffian* Jt^ffia^Jn, wt-Wi^^, fi>n», Ate. 
'Hh iiktrcrija intluilt tM the W!m taIuaIiIp mr^lalt, 
ntrt^L-ulotly ifiu^ 'IIju uiuiufootufvii «dv uiiiju|ioffttu(, 
but tho tndu in tiibHfuivo^ iiiJ i.DijiIuVi alfovn 'il.DfiO 
nur^ln. tht\ ch\t1 Umv* iw f^i.iil, raiidnhiU, 
<<huxnrr, ^nil Hfrat. lln^ inlhnliJLHt^Lj Wlcrnif to 
dl]ruii<iiL no*, tut tlic Afj;bHu pivwr fanu (Ih 

5rvat Uiua of Ibc ^ci>|ile. Thrae oaJl tb<iaivl*« 
'uiljUuoIt ur I'dbtoJitlj. "Af^-hUk" btilAK tLu Puf- 
loiLEi D^LUiu, 'Ibw ua m Iruui'.' ni.^, niiil kW^Liiri^liid 
intfi n immlinr lit Inhnpi, *nwinc iibii-)i Ibn Utinuiii*, 
BfniunntB. mad GliUfb dm On infut liupnruml. 
l^v) Aff? bulij. tiOfdy, kud VArllba; fund of frndcm, 
aiiil imJutc iu mniulamliiCt^' !( ^ hut vi a f«lb«^ 
turbuUiiit (axni>tir. atd uhkOj gi^cn to pluiidtir^ 'IttAT 
Innipin^ i- <ii>l[(;^^t fi^ui l\ia V^'i-mui. IfiiMiKH it JPft- 
lAni»n ^wnt llllTl^^l^t rif T'^trwifln wihTrli, nrnl Ih *Hllnn 
like Elic Tunliia nlth (he Araliic chiinuiien. In re' 
li^'iuii (hi- Afulujis ntc Mn]iom(iit:<[Euik nf Um SuiaUilq 
Kci- C)t]irr rtKTB in AMuki^iittLii iiru tliu HihUKb, 
B Mchi>^] rw Living in lK« n<?t i tlm TiuljJkii* vlin 
i>iv n ri'tniiAnt i?1 tlio nlxpri^'iiiftl pnpEitntinn, «]il pm 
•o^ltTTi] T'ViT the onnniry; taul Ibn >1^ndkiiL nti 
luiliun jiiLvj Hiflji;? In ibc cut, 

(i| liti; cuHt biitury at AfjitiAniaUn liutif Ih kuuwn 
—a cJrcumiilaiaix tlic Im to br nciDtSAd tliAt ita tn- 
t^rDdt cormnrFTt^ui ciily wilK modflm thriL'* In IT^S 
il;i> I'pmEiiis iiniitT >wfir Sbkli fonqutrcd tho oniin- 
try In k j47 bo wu rntinitir^ilj and Ahmol MhnJi. 
viiu (4 liEi ^^ntnli, blUiiutd (Jiu AanTdffDiy uf 
Af4;baiuitan4 and bataiD': the foubdt^r vt (bo Dunmi 
dTikW<t7, whifb luteal aWit ^^ yi^n. A( ibv and 
«t1hnttinii> lI«ntv«**U tbM mnfinod in tb« hojidc 
of a l>Drv>t ■oTTftflP. uhlla Dott Mahamiii»l Klun. 
tlitf nJirt of r!al»n]. bad icrnrtTril x (irniwuflorailnji in- 
ftiji'iKv hi ihi' I'iPiititry. liii HUM divinnui uf i;uiiUlii; 
l|ii> fkHhtLxuiif (ij lb* jFiiliffb nu^jiihli l-'i'mik. bu( bo- 
Lfitiai; tbat ha «u mf-HuUnjir tnvbdry a^punat 
tbariL. (liuy rcwvlvid to d^^llituna Mm uid raatarv tilmh 
^uoJLh.Kf->mt«rruI<ir. ItiA]jTtL lftUlJ.» iSrtLiihBnnT 
Miiiii-r hir Jnbn KKiitri iiniPfod AffbuiljiBii, anil 
afbfr oni-QDnjinjr aviueiditbt nmUikiuvuLQiodCikbtit 
ikfid ijIawI SLhi 8»JAh nu tJia bbroiin. A lim-Y of 
bGViO niu lolt to agpfiort ih« itiw «av«ni|iD, oitd tb« 
Fai (if tlic BJ-uiy rstumid i> JtiiViit Hit W. Mjui- 
ML^bUii niEiiiunnl itf rnvnv M t'abiiL vlth Mr Alpt^ 
Hinlr-r Biiriii* iifi iu*iiiUnt rn\oy. The Afpbuu »«* 
liy no irirDJiA ciintcEil tvilh ibc tirn nuitvtif alTnEfB 
bi'^vnvur, A n-idn-fptAihl eomipinAy ii«a or^^anunl, 
wbmb «mu' tb* « hfnd nn Sd Wo*. Ift4l, *phrti 
Uurn<4^ Mur^nifbtfrD.jiiidjinuinbfl-cif firftlati rtikrvn^ 
baHdm 4t>men vl obtLdron, wrm Efkiinlrrfil. '[lin 
otbar BriLUh leaJun WTLvifiibtEirtviin] liiiil |iun1yi«(l 
bUd u LiT^Lj WM* Ltjmk ^iUi ibc AfKbiuna. at mIiuh 



» 



AFCmB-AFKICA, 



I 



hm^ i«ft* AhW, ■en of I>«1 MflbWDBfcl. ly Hllob 
tLtf lonntr ■ootd to B^lhUrKv iIm funvi fti:>in ilic 

Da ih* «tL Jan. 1443; ih* BHciA Irfi fbbd nd 
fcitfui tbnr matt ifiaHUOEW nli«*t» Hh KnXA vm 
MiliMi, lliBTTiiiriniirlnr fnnl fii Iho IpaoWou 
Affhafei si n«t foUl l^lr ttnnsliDa— uid 4*.^ hfim? 
d*j ihaj «Bfv amiM by UvUm <if ihu <Tiuuiy H/tJi* 
lA, M^WO pmc4tf, unwig whnm wi'rv mEuiy rsTiip 
ioQcmwitinvuiiaiuliilitlUM.WTrTdfvifvjrvl, Oman 
VM« pcBMrml M privbcn, bul onlj «n« nuu. Ur^ 

JtUAlftbul, In «td<^ Ocnml 8aU iw fUtl^ed w^Oi 
ft umU tont, w uvfl fefvir lariiwr! tvy Alilar, Imt 
Ai tha awwHCh dt Oaml HiHadr. whi^ IiacI fnrmd 
hb im untui^ tht K^to ?>■■ vitii « fioh Annij 

jMtf U* tif«i« vU^ dwH bt G«&cnl KoU, who 

hbT ulun Clhii»«^ timar^ iVi^iidr nbv«d CWUd 
uirl «»n Aniibfld tlw mr, thmijih luit vHlMnt «r>inr> 
lunl Hftbtine. D«t Mofauilu«l ac«Iu obUkod Ibc 
Utn;av «f Ckbul, wd »Rjulrvd vxtemdTfi ijowtf Ui 
^iTcUaUtuL Ho jdmod ^tlb tbv Kkb* Hfwivft tha 
JMUih: bolls ISSAbvniivt«anbffbHiv*jijirI r|.d«ii- 
■lv« ilHsno* vttii Iha lilUr, vbioh hv TMiw^d La 
l^AiH H^ i|j«^ in }9C^, p. fpw dw* tflflr bftttnj' 
tffceFi II<nU vidi dtf floJUiic'wUyi bo lud Inn 
^■piyrl la w> Ho numi—teJ bit am 6Ur A^ Itu 
■wHiMnr. Aftet hiv^Mlh ATsbuiitaa bcacidtKe 
ieww vt pirty omffiot* Hid «ntui|^iMnt^ \ak *t 
tonglh Stdr All »mv«vdi<cE in vinqitihtiin^ bte«Fpo- 
MMit<^ wtM vran dtirfiy Lit avn Im^tlian, ui| obtunait 
iU pOftUoD «f Hilar of A^hftalauuu In Blvdi, 

fb* VioirB j ^J latlk, «t UniiiUab in tha J^inwuh, 
MBMMd Iha BlnKly ni«lis|r ftlliuiMwiUi tfatt Ebitiilu 
Mul ^n^Hcl nklHAhl* jvwHnia. T\i9 ph^Uon of 

ICH Am hvJ uLir Lidiui Qb|>IrT-, j^rvt i\, ixpufkknUtf 

AfiMR (BfOAf, rpHioli^j bJI llul f«rt cf * tbtp 
vUch Ito f<ir««|idt or nw Uh ilcfii. 

AKlUmiBMIlCtt: ft tillia ennlfAn] Ui dininlA lhf»* 

itpakfdft ttbo unk Iha otih n^ 5d«lHy u«l illimwiEH 

pMlaa^ frob lb« axir onht nf thsjcn iiQCnduocd by 
tk« Fnnili ub< il^«in. o t MiM iB tta o «1 ibdr ooun- 
uy- ThfV tH^ liW l«nn«4 Jor^jLuK ^iMUW Uuy 
v«F» laicii InUi th« 1<p4iiiPh KTvtfv t^ J«fl»pli, Altar 
ibfl ovfrtl^fiiw of Uuf unurpQ ri'afnuvl. iv«t aI ihrin 
li^ rdug* in Fmicr, w avn^l tbc botfaJ of bhtlr 

Ar«Lknill^Iooin^ftRomMkc«Diflf«8l«fliHiri«iieJ 
ftbMll Htf btfliiDbiif of Ua III evtuiT *.c. If* wu 
Hi wdttitiy ihft vmOar i4 tJu ifaiMn vwtiro*] 

Lha Uh and iDUbAi of Mb Oi>iiBlr;iDen »iaprrlic»Li- 
«d vm Ibt lowval duapi^ whcficv anaa Urn fobvtu 
hou tiM Oi«cki ha Kanwd <ely tlm 

thU 
lofaalA-perfMUy 
ai|<Mflni ■nd IktBtkiUMuaa h»va Ihxi oonBurvd 
by anmt callis, tut lU wU a&ii vi«a»ly ur adinirW'^ 
ladyd by ftU. K* unU Biiphj bui of tu oiKAy 
pwa OA^ ft Urw bi^DiAb* muoL 

Afuct, l^yiitt Ai>Hi^»fttil fpotn Rarm, und 
Hvih-«M4 hum JU^ Afrto tfoofflntM d» ihM 
■llii«tt«rib#OUV«rU, iriihlb»oib«HtkiM«if 
lalU M b avMotad «(j* by tba Irt^tta (■< 81m, ft 
»Aof bBdi*DM7lBrilaaiAl«ailh. Tl aUcadi 
f»am la*, ^r ft/ H. ((^ Bhrm) U» lit 94' Afr & 
(Gafa AfBtliAiO, iv ftbHl fiOOO nOaii aad fnvk 



a«lvui h*n «r thamaadyp nd adiftad it u U^t 
VaakM aaaun, «tdcb av» rfa* tn thr fafins thai 
ibvionalA-nrftoMlyfiliadNtiKiidw. WMoovm 



hn. ir 31' W. (Oopa Vc#d.> lo Ion. 61' H* (Cap* 
Guu<ifa/«(}j nrabi^irl IMIO witMi and itcuvKi* tboni 
l^00fl,000 V]. diLLh It tt (but imw ll<An iri*v 
tint* *ft IftTX* M Kump0, ud mriki ncir to Aala 
nmoLg dia j^TDJid d]«i*iim*of ^e dHib.iT wt cnxuadci 
Horth sad Soutb AnwHcft a* dwljuci. It Iw i1l« 
MciliMTBih&Bq Km and (la ^ttaiu «f OibnJUf vn 
Iha nort^ tba AUantic on tba v*at, iLnd tlia Rfd 
Sdi, Senila of Bob^LMftD/lt^, afid IivHon Owaui «n 
Ihti ««iH. Ttiit f(«in of AMn b man campoci Hid 
mundvd l^ym tiiAt i>r ai ly of Uw otluv dhmitu* uf Jw 
ClaW, axofpt palhftpa &^iitb AnrHns ^a juat ba 
m^ardei a* o^iudttUiE of ft tHaau*lr n«U^- '44 h U*' 
pqiuTHH Uio Inaa of lb* trUozIo bain^ ftbnut tot. ID* 
N , iC> Ajutimi Inul ajmia biiing CApi> ^SfiiMofnl, lU 
*|«<T r»fin A^nTTiV- Tlu'rn %n- fvvr ii1,HViiiif irrr^O' 
larkiln (a thv cdv^Ufic, tlv i^Hmi'^al iii'lLtiUtii'iiH 
i^iiit the Uulf ^f finiJiDta un tb^ "^ftC, aud Ibo ('ulTa 
of Sdn and CdIu (ib« Gtuatdr bTid L«««t Syrtaa) 
in the DLirtL 111* tuii^li <tf Ibo waat-tiuo U thai 
cnioparfttiv-Jy kmnll, Kopff hvEiceaNhL tX only about 
]fi.04VO mill*!, wbilt tlinL uf Kurnjin I* no M than 
3<J,D0O. Af^ iKonat* fonvr itbui^ Ibau any of 
tht [in*b cuiAi^ioLEta nnpC S. Aih^cl Anafif 
these aru tbo BiMa^;«, off th« T^nft L*f SctM^amUa ; 
FvmiLnJa P<v ^o lli* Ei(;lit of t'ii.fnx; Piiim'i IbUnd, 
ami th* ii^iltof St 'fhnmv nod Ani]<»b<iti. in Cba 
Gulfof tidon. AtcrvabrrdJ'UiuvvnfftlHaoitb- 
wcit «oait uc UkD Cunarv nijd Cihh d? VcnJv talondTi 
On iIh) caM cuHl atv ZautEbftV and Pmba, and ait 
mal*^ duvCHisa Sacotnv tbc Cendio Iata&da,«nd 
UadatfaiaaTi which laHb^ al tbt namvaat fiftrt of Iba 
Mdounbqiie rhAnnel, ix iSO milr* dialant Tlv 
fintbdka, iba Aminata lilandi, Bourtnn, u4 Km* 
riuui aiB> (iliMj Ic tTjfnnkd aa Alticvn lalaudK 

of tbv Ififttipikr pATtion of Afein, or AUca aaalfc 
Cmn iLa laUtudo of tba (fulf Ot Gaim^ ■arpa W 
cnvfat maUdy of an ela4Wt«r1 bihJisLuiil. whidi ia 
Canaralhr aapamcd on thr w«t. iocittiH ULd mt hy ft 
uotmtauaiu fribf* ^ bimlrr Ir-tiii Ibc bmrljuc 
coaat Incla. wliJla on tbr< ii^iilh aU trviaiLliA Iv Iba 
1r>« (TOunde of CrDtnl Africa i^ V4t rniltnumi, ]|i 
tba a»ath it afinka f«na(d«<abiy, f-^mdni: a kind of 
bttdn, which hast lU imBaat loDnalon in iba ftdfk 
bcnrhMd of lAhaa NMEnf and KmnAdMi, baiTaM 
hu »>* and iS' &. Rom tbja pt^nt tliw lutl rin* 
fiaJuaHy towiuda tLs QBMCDlabt(aa itdofiacn A* 
north lo fonii tlw taX>Ifr-1aiid of Lotiolv ooJ Loodai 
kL r-ir a), wltaro il Ft*<«>«^ In Uq Ubir laadi of 
Iha RomnOd, Niammbl, Kamlmrlil, uid Hbtafttrc 
nrrunwai^ a ^nanl bpl^ht nf (latuicai 4040 and 
TOOn fl., and ta the CompanWfVi ih* lij^lmt pranl 
ot the uolifi^r. ft hcTEbt « lO.-JOO It, Ic Iha a«i& 
lbi> ilcvfcUid ba^Ftld »hikawaJb ia the fona td |c^ 
lana to th« KarrM fdjJna, waeh bava a maaA tlav^ 
tio* of 3000 to lOCO n,, whila in fba anotlMul H 
■pndc rut M nnUirwl iTial Id th* fivat Wlntaalav^ 
iGiohta tht K-SKbl of T^UA ft. Tiiranh lU norths 
wot Ibo altyfttcJ UiiOff ot Uie iniat'ii df^ra^Joa la 
oonlioDed llmiugh Uvdo and Oriat Namaw* LanJ, 
uid tba plaliaau of tba Daman Land (wUcft baa a 
maaa haghi rA nr>nri ft, and ki ML OmaitakoiiMa 
1AS900 It), rinminli tnBrifisnd& Ttmor it axtaaili 
nmtbvwd* oiur Ha «|iiMcir. bdioff lant m rtad^ 
hntrptor. by tb* Hnm Cwtta and vooafa I Vtk lb* 
top<::Mi]% of thii ivpoD il not tea wall ua<w& Al 
UiobiatfaiKEaaltUBScbtM Til'^ ibo Cuiwaaa 
UeunUtnat&eavar1b*f<«ai in ih^ h-^tjht if i::tr<0 
ft FCrdTintiifirfth tba 8|onnbfflir»U Cape Coboy. 
Ibiii vtirrt EitotiiiLiiln^riia bonUTTuniimrll^nDrtb-M^ 
btt^^^nrLi>f Aj>UttAu£000lo7040Fl.hi^throiichA* 
Onnvo AiivrFrvH Siata and th« IHu^aaJ Rv^Ui^ 
onvaatk lo Iba ti'rm Limpdiio. Tb* WiVitbaaf afed 
Iba <jiiftiltaDiba <r DrtcMnury mautite forv aa 



91 



npiifljrr tTtriHi -ff rifTTiTii, XaiUlt bbJ ibo Zn^u 
<»gi m > anl «BiKliii|f ilrrvQ ninaf kuk Amma v tkV4< 
M^ ScToiul ibc Orspopo ^ mcuuUJDLiti* rt^on 
vtictu oQl Ur uipffATili of iM mUv^ tkii'J it iijtcmvlDl 
hy Xht Zatalicai. Ni-flTi uf (Ik ZamtfCU ib tmlHit iu 
T.aLm BbJrwa und N*i-fk*ML. ktnkibf cfrTMiJorBblj mi 
tW MM iJ tU» k»tbI^ ariii at pMt^nvd in vvUu« 

iiHBnlafn el KiZimuiajui^ tin? uLjt'tkAi luubuUuu vt 

Itii ^ tlw WHtiwd of ihoic ili^t lliv fFial Afiioui 

Ut*a,tik* ViQUdia Njviia. thii All-art SyoMa^^ W'i 
T^upnyilSk *ci*ijr Ah^wiitu. with Iw lofi^^ ubiv- 

The tfvoLixT ^^ ^nitb Afii^-a ii nf foimo iaiparfcctly 
knm V frt, Thn |in«>iit lakM itfid mmi** *n 

■hotU iJ vAltf IftEon^lDg to the nABiiiC'lfl pvriuJ- 
Tta diciiiiwCaim tlut onl/ land ain] fmb'mt*! 
KiHdib an famid In Hm talAiut; nva^ of Uwoa iinaicit 
■Alll Uviu, it ftrniTiiElr «ofAnnatit« of lUt vieir. u 
•bo vine a*t (lw Uii^ ouDol ha*« bwii mbutifrgnj iu 

*itnUil CEtfiJikkrthljr; arurilifv rrwL* Iuvh l>rMliL'ri 
Uuvu^b In HEM frlaeH; hiiii jEoeii nk^lm* mid tuuani 
\mr9 lUiiilaalf vpviwJ in Uj« U>fili<iiDt: loouuUJa 
imic™. llnVBoh wUoL H4Xu«f tiwrifcnkaiK to Iho 
aDiMi» vHUa Mb« !«« tbBitu»l?d< in thn aaoJ or Una 
«f Ibv iQlcrkir- Vokwu^ utivity ii tiltd: Ihougfi tb« 
nuta vfiring* ia Omal Xmu^iu l-aml Uiftify tn thn 
v«&n«ie QVium of ib< BUifwH^ mtd lacihoDaliiv Iwtv 
!■«■ ETiiHtodlj Mt an %hv tvt wui. Tim luwrlur 
■MQj la paacH C«w nvffiil mliKrALi, buE Kkv bur- 
iWiag EBdunU^ m rich ta mvtAlv^ Ospfwr » At- 
(auacl BiBT tkw wtrt vcaatf aarth oE Ijaucfa j rit^ 
atm^n M fnnrul in AiiE^aJn; ivv\ in ''Tveir. Krunirjim 
[Aid k>iJ. Ud. UfiQ, null coppcf ocaur. Udil i* 
FuiUid Vu Uic Ia'^'ti ^iiil-sj. tia fklv' euol ituJ kvii, 
Im i*at*b I«uit^ m <lEli(.'r«it p]*-«c« fudior tiijr.Ii, 

^^pd^ amd liuon a( faM ar< fnuiul m Nitu], mirt 
■lllhMat*^ IkBiP Imn tilinuriilrv fiaiiml <-in ih* VllI 

ol Aq ooniJnvnt tbtrtu HoATilihi. whLuh hu hAvn 
nalM Hl|<h AfHo*. It k* bounrlr^ oa tbt Ti^^h by 
ika Atbn rui£« aad tliu .MTdJucruicAii. uij Lbe out 

as tb« wcAt tpj ilic AllniLtic. uid ib cuEsiiriKn t1j< 

Klgir, til* SAbua, taid th* NtU viilvj- 'Hv KHUh- 
. md« knava pnrdntLt of T>i« AfrJcn h^rn n niniit] 
i^mtKn; UHp1»Ud oa xht N31u uuik:r Ui. Z' N- ire 
1£» fb. lilt TLibbri A«bm|>, Wiwicii tlii: tliijiic luul 
(i*SUn|biid4-lM. l^y,,ir^ti ii.. ru>a Lake Tdud, 
batfia 13° uJ H< X., tX^vt SSO f'., oJ^m'? tU 
tvtil <f tlk# an. Tli^rf* >t A li*ri* r>itT<n!nVK 4.nri f.liinlf. 
waoAvl p1iiiu> h which rrrth'HBtrr linLrfatonr, ra^rl, 
and ivAal atLuvtU Fuimaduiin [mv^l wiih bitia^ 
UtoiBHaH oC izyiliillia* rouk, Funtjcr ucirbh llw 
iVQMa ia U^bari ^uod am tmnxroua iffolnuirt UQn 
■bI Maonteln snuB** nf aryirt*llini^ rook, with emn*- 

AloDf the C'ulf ct CwUnm %iui on tZii> Sim'^ ^ul 
GMObia arv luw-lriiiK ouul liatU; wlii]u luulEi uid 
aaoU^mal ti iJjb Vvppflr Nii^rr arc (Jid auiifi^viu* 

Mnia^tm. lahlali do ttol {nrni a oanA«atod okkln, 
bnt BPJwH rl j-rlitH Ubulu hll]j.on«i *«ry tooul. 
■adaMalavaaOOOfC.hitta, Ueio tit» ii the tlsvotcd 



nqftaa of FuU JaUoi, vlcTt Itin mnnrtihia ilii |> 
tb« iMgkt ol ]>0C0 or 10,000 ft. 3?«xC oovM 1^ 
Skbantt rwiffHine vihir^ nur AmuKT luitiau lwv« 

bem iftBatJy nioctlncd by rv<cni eip1i>nitiriiik, ihm 
afca (uDJKtly twlluii-l iv IsowuiiiuJ liy H'uijt nf 
klriflZug Hfiil* wii] uiiiiJubJIfllJff pEiJiH limin^r Ifca 

nboaautw nf t4l»tr-Ui'iL>f tn vrhlrli ihit )>f*<VBj}irjL- tMlu 
*ift< rulvnanlr Miirkliinf bn>] Immliinv lit ihti buTth 
IlWts. Ac I It tiiiki L* WILT ill till! fiic& hy 1 mtfTf^on 

ICiOO to SOiJO ft-, W Lt l* Lyiki} iDunn b liuj^^nu 
](T«I, bnw fritrrirpe pUferau* mtvrvtfUd by »tUi(^ 
n^A' •iikkiu^ intn Huiiiy nr m\ia* fUin, Mil a^iun 
bi:hi({ Jiik<r^lAril vlth riiijrr«or jroupn frT hlUi. Hh 
OMt«rrt pirtion of ttf Suliui &[t|u<m U) t* rlcli in 
ruck»miu liiU>; Uic miililli' jurLivn i-^iiaiplpt </ nuiuv^ 
^l\^M |rl4lA«ijji iiLt(irr<ir-U<l 1>Y iiJIcyji <tr viilb, oud 
^unt/UJbft tho inniiitiftlriiiu* mjfinn r^f II*elt i Dnrth- 
un^It B In^l^L^ul r*^ion <if wwl-dnDf* • WJjrIi ffvin 
Mi'r<-?'i?i> to TurtW. 'Elia ivcalera pDrtlur uf th* 
Sati^rii A]iuiJJi|j|4ja coiuJdcniUfi cHivnhy oi MMrtt/at, 
but v«a(bH Vo cDDtaiu noiv ulujiivv (iliiliiii tpf loov 
4Dd. Hi* Ktbiin if boliavfci ta hat* bcm:i iiuijcr 
ufkUT viihln ill* fOictailJHT pvriod, ud tbdlo 
idniiilipii] uiih lh4>» ot Ifa* MoittltmnKB hniv bctn 
rirurid iiv'-T ft ijnttt ]>Anbf H. Moal ^ it iiiu nWBri, 
hnM, Mi4l 4(«Htii M In fciriinlil Ti^r Lhn baUCiJj^ of 
lEAii; but h i* dttiildnl (i^nr ^tiih niimgffmB umh 
Kn«D IdIahiJs Ld tLa du«i rt - vul dopporiA » wpnUdoa 
«BibQal«i At tvTuFkl mlllioiw. ^htuial Jnf™^ ^'^ 
u»t« B^ift brtMfrlb lb* tfiirfuff, uiil bftbo b«m 
iililiii«4 bj lfi# Ftaw^ la Algarin tiy mfADi of art^ 
tkn vThlL^ 7^«i inmujtaJnwiw nwiun* ol Alt iir 
Arbtfa uid Ali&££v w tlm moat uapvrUirt Oiaoit 
bniiia Iccvn, wbldh \tt iUrIf * mup of c«h*. 

Ills n^Ej'ii <kf itff AUm mIodiIi tf<vri tbo Atlantic 
trp th'l-uir ft CnVp^io tbir UtditcrrAUrtn, uiif Olxd' 
pr]*-t Mnifira-n, ^l^iiA» ahil Tiiuiar It rriu^Tifii it« 
cuIiiL^natiiti* [Kilni Ui Milt^Lu (il,irHk fvt. h>lil1i df 
tlui c^ty uf Mtituutu. Ill lltf^ ctkoiuoter -jf itc ^-«iloif!' 
itaI fnraiBbiuiii^ dinala, Mod yivAv<t^<jtM, ikjs jwrl^if 
A^Ua cumvpendit vilb 11l« oppuallc c^nUiEHia <J 
Korcp|i*. Ifriji, flnppiff, ta»i]. Ha, mtituntny, "ilvair, 
i;rk]i)^ kn.l «ii]|-ihnr Vf fniinrl linm Mnuy titlUm 
taHnjt Lie bulvtf u ih« mountolm; Lut Ihirn iwrir; no 
lL;i7AUin uf iuul'Ii iEiiti.-ELuii^f- 

iij/drvfo^/ tjid C'/ifJiate,— Tlic Uld iiwl Hvcm <jf 
A^^ w very i]na|iiiiUy diiitrilMit^l. Kcw UW 
jir* fniiTict THVth nf ttut «i]iisttnr; lbr< pnriiqpjil 1mui£ 
tAk^Tobfiil. ainunbyibBVlAtiQiit EA(j nillf^lnTicurl 
13j Iri-Libl, fvil by Clio ^ul an^ uUicj iclfcaiieq, unrl 
iMEitdi^Iii;; TjivIe wifcLcr, lljoimli wHht^iib fljiy uitUL'i; 
ill* mmli miicillcjr I'Ac KiUri lo tl*< ca*t of itj LaIid 
Thva^nr- |lamt>vA. in Abyuii^iik i)in)i]i:liuJtioJ]|aaKA 
UiP ttJNvAilfl, SinEh n( Iho oi^iintAr ■*^<<rnl i^tcn- 
■iTo liiki?* fralitt Lftkfl l'l.cnr»rc,<ir Viirtotia Kji^a. 
iliaiLMV(initll>j!^l«kDiu]FSH.b LindcnUiod to Lv About 
2f>Cl iikUri loji^', mill u tDUL> LiTiPbcl; ihfi AlbfTt !^' 
nfiAB, lo ilic *<■* ot it, JiMoifurtd l»y BftVcr in Iftft-I, 
tw * Inoelh nf fit ic-Mit KNJ jmloif, ■nd \ylnifi> '■iruBwl 
by ii\'- tV[i\ntfvT la TPM- Un milAa l.miul; Tuii^ruiyLkik. 
iHwirriT-l by Pnrton nml rt]n*Ve in l^^fi. * bim mid 
cii[ij|i»railT(ily iiwnrw Utw, ]li» aoulL i»f tlw i«o«d- 
Ing. *4vt from l}je Huuinbiiqae ocmi In Lakaa 
Nth«« Mid fthiram, llw Cmavr ov«r 100 lailia long? 
LaIh Xgnaii d^t, 90" Mf'Ri lav. »' E,? ia af lOall 
■rttfii utd d«jtih^ Init tui" in Kin* vich thn maasn, 
lo laioecvdvu-'c with the diitiilfiiUoD id the ndm, 
alniujit nU Ilia iiD^iiiaJkl rivrn uf Afritv rke In tbo 
inno lyiiia |iGlm«ji Ul lfi*B, *ii(I IB* N. IkvtmJ 
ly* rv|^<iA nil ri^ci* nf my ijim Iultu tLcir tri^ (a 
ruipnthin euit^i^ nirti la --hi ijunlhljanTu nr Atlu 
monriaiii*, 'l'h<« Arrir4ii noftn Afr nft^n j'hviKv 
iflTluil by a irtEiUng upper oonnp, and on fra|u<mt!y 




ft2 



AmiCA. 



i 



oUtmoiul by Bntorarr* Hie Torab*^ or L^unlf^v. 
Ih •xuuph, ttjB larfaaC of Ih* ">iitli Affif^it ri^i.ir>, 
ffitnuthp iwiDufcaltlt- Virton* FilK vhiHi ivm r^huw.l 
iQradB^tiiitfKni flnufvomHlna lltlmi at xht lii-t. 
Kid iToiviiu lu vtMa. Thftrr ■■« abo l^autu'Ui 
OB thefiMrc^AbiilHilAFf flf tlip2Buib«l,o.^naiLgfroiik 
titlw yyMi>! Hid talk ud nplJa «■■ tLii UtU< kiit>ivn 
Ogoliti, iiAfI tfCAJrv Of L'^Tiffts em tliw Co&nu, Vid tin 
■h* Changit river. In S>uib Alhcn thin iwrtilivlly 

MB dAit Ihci' VHV to tbt »«». Tbi] Kile olmi u U 
vaU lUbAvn. ii vVhLru(?u<<] It^v tvluaeu ur r>k|<i-]*» 

VliElo uiil 11m* i^tiJt h^Li &ml arv ivtntiaurti iwitli 
niMiy iiiVitrroiHi'mpMirwii ti tln' lninlrt» of KK>pl 

Uuviil iJ t<T thi' Nile, ftpHtf* b»«SBr lAMimfiunliiLhk] 
obBtsd*.* Lu □&' jgfetwu frOB tli* wnB CibiH» tbrni^ti 
ild atJiilBn] jtriStivriC Mii« Kimi* af&nit an opfln (thnn- 
hbI fur 1h<i gn^lrr fan ni ttm yvtr. Tut Qmtit^} 
■nJ OnmliiB* the ^yc^^ Uivnt rivui* of th« iiorth-vnl 

portiPuuf bbvir<viir««- IXi* panjliuiilytif the Aftiuui 

nta iJiii inUnnr til tti^ tintitmiii\% 'Jliti mrfnu^iii 
Tnlumff which ihft rt»y^ irwKv fmm ihp> tmplc*! 
riioB la BiuAhtt lukpovtAut fiutiLf i\ mul ul lIiu wtcof 
Iho Klla Ihm bean clBcml, auJ t^itcii atEvauU^ uf, 

ha^ tbat lb It mifjr ^n th* tynrth tin't trmlh. nt in *ilr- 
vaMd ndotH mih ■■ Ahywlul^ tZiai thti ollmnae !■ 
nltaUt ur UuivpetTuu in lLjc UfrUu ntiiiuvpricrD 
of dw UHWM, vtlngJi lun but livij poiuhi^ iUd nul 
And th» Wb Um luNtl <^ Ibc FQfi w btiriUci vid 
AiUnton Ml* nf ■tRf' ^■^■■E f»*'^d iti th* hucU c,f 
GninoKt Htd Ihr luknl fvrt of iht Tn-grort blui^ml. 
On tteooHiB tha boki It miifiifAUtI )ij t-ht- Imx^Ei* 
fjuat ibct 1/tm oud t^ mounlAiiiit and l^v jfkf;i7u,'a 
rwivj bill ih* a/^otm^^1cn^ w n-vt » bnJthr ami pun 
■H >q dw mi^ot, vUoh iia* » yBhar ^ItTJbfm, Th^ 
DLimKtD nf SiffM L«ati«, uni '>Uiv p*rt« rif th* «nt 
raaaWlBpBKImFufjralaltc KuFu^-oiit. or^ttwinili* 
Iba <hy wnUInv hvmvliHu In j^viilmr In AMn-. ii 
iaa ibpnoLiKfui iii iviniiiju witlj jXhj^ and tim tinKLu 
with Eaio^ 

Mooter (Mii lUt9mf. Tn lb* BM^rtJirt ihU von 
dvpftil mimEfy h^iilb ibv fipft fhvnoriu of nalurr. a* 
lir H ii r*vpn'<tt ibu nthaa of lhi> orfjankf mrlil. ami 
ftbc nntiibffr *d ifLoul ftiruia nf ardnnlfi mtid pbuiU, 
Obv uf thn lUnnL bovfinUE ipftt rif lUitun bn Aflnn 
U lb* cmmm^, ihfi <4V«tilotk>D uf wbUib It la everr rr- 
■DMl iJtpl< 1 ta tbt ecmaliy hmI tlliBU& TW< a» 
>W Mvanl TivMMa «| vattl^ ibe^ Ui4 IfeiAto, tha 
Itm hdng aqicriallv nununMi. Aiziuiiff twiiirdar- 
SNilft 1> piMMB llw olapluiib, tba urTrf4; Uppo' 
fotaniUt aad dJi vpvri «■ vl rhlii»ft«> Auwoff n^ 
»|irqtDua uboaJt 1| bat tbt tea. pantbar* kapan), 
Ddno^ jHbat, fayma. volf« for. <]t^. rat. Ae. Hw 
pUfru and pwlurai uv ntv<trvi *il!) EriulltttidnMu/ ani- 
iB^t rn h^nl', mirhat UtM tihtftilcs antflriiH nfuil^iii'- 
lartfit ti]wrM. ud wncaif Umatbtodd'hioViTif j,-ni]. 
Ibf vbrv tb» <|iuc£^ tha sbaflV^ fto, AfrHs [h.*>- 
■■■•■ aim a niamlvr «( drferrnt hindt cif ap^ anhmf; 
vU^lh*n««t rvmackaUe ap> ilu aavasn g«Uk of 

lb* «<M OiMM and th* ^im]>uv», "Hi* «Hltttv nf 
MidaM»HiiBllyitiim#rrrr]4' hmrnif wblc^it thtflatn' 
bfHi liiv-Ui«r, ptUum, aul luaur kindv of ittrmtt; 
tMHMVdt, narilW"^ iJmvbl. WvUf and t.«MLLEial 
Um) tbf «nAflDfc Ibt cui?ii1ua JmhiaUiT, liittte-ilovua, 
pigma. ihMka, p**. btL TUl pBifl<f bml^tb- 
aHfkb.U«tcUntrin^ii»iit«aAfriB. TUdau 
df nplUwmBfiriaH tlia amtnllla aad bAa,dMiitri«lnr. 
vM uiify c«hci tcrpOLtfb taoLB buuulou^ aana» 



Ik^j^hlr pi-iLj^iioiia 'Xlit liaji and rftoiv a^flimd in 
n*fi. ttijt ibg vitrji.<l} i>f thvapwiiB ii uot *>gnat an 
ill iliEi ]]*rt'irnL w>ix, mul mu/ Af th* iitnut uwf id xm 
^■niiMT wikiiiijiVr Th'< Omilaaud MitJuwaitn with 
KTiuivv^H Aftu<, h-iHl»i|-Hudmh cpUffn^ nod uKriJillAn. 
wbdo pbM(4;r HfiiiK-^ trf looiMl* iibaoun lEid aijii UIlc 

Aujii^ir \h\i iTtimt I'JihFki'f^'riAlii' In** cif IrrtiiTnl 
Africa* nrr Un- tiAoluili, vbicJA luw -hflcti a ■^'in *iiJ t«* 
ill cjr::iiujr>in<mip, ihii ^jUuC <'ij|ihor^iJrK lA' rini^/Aj> 
&rvM), th4i LtiithT-trvi. Ihr di.d"b pviI tln-dui^m |wliu, 
ibfrlAmarin.i. pyb«iiii>rvr. 'VidEVii'tlnk^iTilLiiuryaliuDir- 
tnotiif laljiiHiHM iiid olLi'i' tbi ru^ i^buIt Tbc lUlc^ 
]ia1iu ii 4']»khU?L(m>1 K' id Tin- ruwi tkf Lhi' Si^i^tB %to*\ 
1.1l<- uoTrJi ciiiLhl; hoMilih mill IjiiUmiHri-Hit^l p]iiiitJinf 
Hinitb AfrJE^A !if<vnUL| ifii< tn>]dkv W]itai jjiij mojiB 
Arc cijKi^At>«J lU ibr ii^irUi, fuiil tliv rbvc, thv ^.-raii^r, 
tbt' 1^^, lb' 4^fe*tH-F-ijj] uUait, uid tbv loliift ari- nLua- 
dtkhL iEj4V, irthi£D, iJuiiliii^n, yitriu, UiuiiopH iniEiA 
kiict iAtI^I'IiuTa ( ir^r^u /iffffffmi\ A»ridtivjLlf-4ja|aiij[ 
i\n- whntr writ tnajiirxL I'ufmL, Ix-n^ nr* n^io Lhf i^\- 
]<a]iik. Ul? wiLi-pLbii. and iftt i:AbUij^<'pEiljQ. Of (rulu 
tbi'be^t arvtbf Uaaau^^ |iiif«M. (lUtlord uriilB, iBUxdU, 
unuitv, Aud iBuianbd. Tbccart t.'oaal ^^, g%tter%i}y 
>pvikkuifr\ i--}iarti'Ucin.v! by Uiu t&iiiv >v^UCioit u tW 
wcaf, Tb* Tiiirrb'<**Hi Lit Afrij-* it ni'h m ir%iiVi» 
{HODH, iriyrrli. rljuianjnu, Mid loany otbervpioaiL Tb 
bidiluiiJa ol Ethiopia an tU DatlT* vounOj of Ae 
evAcv pLa»r.. wbwhlataaiiy |4MCBfvniuUUok vooitk 
lb ilio MUu valby arv tb« diktt, oiUao'l duum palnuL 
Ey^pt hiu lanjf b«qi 0il*bnt*(] f'ji iU «vln«t vid rln; 
Aittnp. pra* fx^tii^ anri ■nainn am iJm i^idtiV4t#ril 
Tbfl tii^ar-nuii?. LndL^%. abd »>tL4D L:inw wild la 
Aftk*, ihv Idat Imoifi n|«audly abuuiLaijl ivithLu Iba 
(rupii*. TW:^ arv«an!fiil*d In Natal. vhviT tubH«\ 
HMHifn^H aiiJ Um bar* alw bwo IntrcnliEm!. IVbaat 
>ni! ikbtTCitTHaltaiwonUixiUvEt nt tiuil'airii, Kaifsid 
>if tltt^lanili Wlnm^ine tr\ t1i« Afi^i^n matiiiont *n 
Tiiihly iij|ijAkJ flm thti mMt v^luiLblc producCniA 
juid UtK^ ijuautiLn nf m^ar iti^ |in>iliii!i'd in MaBi> 
tiui, 

/frAa&tVand. Tlii pripulAlLii nf AfricA hw^ baaft 
raiy vuiindy ««itiin«l<«l, u ii rkM^ml vLfn tbm 
MAUD tniflAorlhy 'Ima t>i f<ii(j4 Tif'tn. A tfwtaiwi 
cAlmato ^ kbuut ]A0.(ini>HOiV>: |>,>r llrJup mabtit U 
13S,0il0,OWI. |)ii:ti:ni--l -JUO.0CHi,i^Ulf. Tint lJl^pn»l^* 
^riifT, >o <:]iiuiKiUritti( of (Im CLJTitiiamt, w. aoxipl- 
jEifi ti> rvLivTLi invevtievtioLtj, ooiiAjtc*! \" a ctOipoca 
lively lumiw rmi*, which nltTLd* fniDL tha mat 
pfiul iJt Lhv>'fK and lirt fxfvnm lal. A'nud Ifi'PC-: 
jjul livuij Ut^n tk^'iv an^ nL^n ttlili:lj di* imt Imlnni; tik 
l.l>r 0i.-iiLiiita men) bv[h', ani:!! hx (]j' Fi'ltjiilfiji aail 
WofnE ran*. In &]QtU Affiu, w* 1^1 tii Hit wrtft 
ibr HoUotLtnW ofttobdiof- ba^ond thv ^(tlh d«fn>t *i 
•niith hkL; In th* adifd)* thv Ki^icliaDiiBa, *iruichlii|T 
rtoithnvda to thehaata of i^* l^fanbya: in tlia imA 
the KaAv trilDi, rtntcLiiijr liuai Iha OKpa Culaii j to 
tbc ZamUia^ labJOMvduncmc (baav bT« nuiiuaiila 
gf th* Bvalmai;, uid oofth £nn lat, SO' & Un lb* 
>l4liiia» gualielk fiUaka, BftlotwU. fhrbJa, tha »*» 
"f L'/jii^rv. and ai^kart, all of vhicb iipprt^afih tha ^aQT- 
iyi-n On tb*n*A diffaaeitatul in abtiiil the ociTiaiAr. 
wtfn ih<> nHvt thii <lkl!a nm! <r|}i*r aUjihI ihw*; la 
ib4'iuld<U*iif tbvc:i>i]ciiii''iilb"rn.»hlnl -'"*Tl<J'S-i 
m iha wati la|. 8* N. Tbcj an Ul «f tUwl t^t^A, 
Ihdr laflfui^ for^n^ a iIh^Id fauDy, oaUad tba 
VMfo^X^ftefir i^-min ruiJtly iBlitfk];antf Un^tnd 
luwiia^;4Ui>tiJwfciirni1*irii in AiTra f^niQ*- Bbah 
dlvidn lh« Ba^tu familj Itjui a \ttrml cvnml dirl' 
>ii>(k,ii1iLi']jaiui1>raaff aliui^vlllv i*hvl*ncioiiba|WBai 
ilkc tropic nf C*frbora Mi>i ilw «<niaitir; anl l» 
fliabllcr diTiaioDBt iHifl in thu S.S-V^-. th* olbar ia 
Thf >1S K To th* latter M>Hiij(th> Kaffir lanKvani, 
Willi th» 2u1a dialart, ami Ebr lanpiiff* ftf Uh 

Uctcbuviu. Tlv languBGD cd the liuvitauna ud 



AFBtCA. 



53 



Hit«lan#n ^HHjHViiMt *nd ftfipnvr tn p< 
Uulit «- 04 oHRSMwhh r^efi «tA«r. 1'iic iii>BTurv 
MwrliU llita«fiD)hi Tiuatbtrtit tw»*. i11vlr[i>J Unh 
bj 1iu)eeuu;q lad ifhyAiuJ iMvulinriiitv, Lul Uju ii:]»' 
Idoiuilup batwtfVJ tbem In* in-i ;vt br»ii thi'r<>ii|fli1y 
iarwitig*tAi' 'Hj'TnbLi ran, iii iKnra-Uirni^j^liJuik 

llHlPUVifTrfwbctBg Allwf tcUiP Krkinrrl, <ir Jnu^iii^ 
of Udruj: wUk ilie Ikrlxix & f^cuilic lirjjicti < il Um 
*'V— "■■- mu^ fcruL liiif 1(4*4 ui ttiF |fi|iulali('iL In 

■bo inhaUl tho ;4ah4n bpttHli Tnntr, hllnm ^a,t 

anrllicc^l^ ibv^bUluli In MjirnODO, arKl tii« K^trjlm 
in AlfigTia. Mic^ vllh Anb Mn»<I tba)' Com iha 
Mo*«i at lUfbHTf fhini l1ii> w^km flfh»t^ Tha 

of SrhTth Afrii'A.i'*T.rr<liiii;ni»Lithif»h.liHL(i ill* Snurlin, 

•futad oTOf lh« whnio nmtEi KiitJ norib^vl nl tbo 

Cv^ mail 'jibn fu«w«, who wurrtht otE^nol liihubl- 
taata dt tlm Uiwcr uul niidiElv Ntlo inUay^ liia Ali^*> 
dniuii^ tha* U*}]% irilif^, ihi' Sotimli. ThuinlriL Ac 
Th$ inn-lw n( titi|xl,ip |w-wU-m1 jut vrty rfcrio*i». 
Jl^hinQnlvilBiu W>^iwluvpr LlkiUvirtliAkiutlivruJB 

tiftft nlifwn II |>K<r4Af4 b; tlic inliHUluiii* ut Abjt- 



fkr ibci cmtoiC yr^vrtlAon ur tb*! nrv'r>> lai^*^ ui vi?]| 
■■ nil U«iU* AliTl lIoUrlttuL", JLj\> «tJn hr4lh^ut, r^mi 

Od tha moa rLinifliAliIrt A /rruA rTiny Fh nny r/m- 
ti tnhwmiix n >titk. b ibine. or &d^ («&AiLiJ cbjcct ' 
vUcht bdutc chuHcu bv nu !ui|i%iklti:L], ji nuL aitttt. 
inTQffixI intli ft lugiLitifLLiiml jfLllLi4:tu>:, niul ^vo^' 
tUpwL Wif nini'L not Inuk to Afn<-a iW th«i Iri- 
tUUBua r>f Hkrtfin. lu't wen (n thp Doimtrv h'liinh wn* 
ill fmll^ tn %tia inlvicy nf inrkn All tbiht iJkii 
PhanutiJi 4Eid riololute hud ever tTTcLSnl MUa i«tL<|jt 
«n»r bt tUn Bt^tnot vLifiL brvkc up"ii lUi* uitliA^Ppy 
r^«a m th* miiUIr a^r*. The JtrU n^c □t^mwd 

osnnnvn* i* mirii.'Ll on l>v lhH.-ii^ witl i.hr mnrltiiiio 
■aUoQ* af Kuni|-<ET. mti!, by iul^h^o uf ounvu*. ^ 
Uvfllc fuUr SI im^orUi^L vilh Hii^ luWtv-i. to wUidi 
l]kB5 0*11**5 iht*' i>iib T'^'^LurtA tin*! llkon. of t'uropti. 
Tb^ Mlmlkt blalid iiD ihki V{<r;ii' of iifMi'luIn J^ulinrUiiLf 

M« «iicv*ri^n{l> <lrr]tl>, %ttA Dvery^Zdnif minirfMl by 
^bOli Is |iirr]janij bj i]i0iii>ii|via; ttut dulih uldiib put- 
fOft*4a tilioir l«>in*» tbc UnL nliiali [irnUvLii ilieiii from 
iks nwltii I _ itic linw *ii4'l AfTV'W iio<v*ii4Ty lir tfj? 
*r"* Bvl wlF'dvraiifu *« wnll a* Mt f Mr houulinld 
InnnlntvH mr* nii.iiufiwlgrvJ (j [hiim-lo^ii-L Ihe if^M 
vbi'h th>.T cnflftrt froin th« mirfiKon vt the c^rUi ^ 
viDuelib tiy Umil Inbi anuuiifiiU. w»\ Imu irtU> juin>, 
t^fmiff^^^ l[rtii*iv*f, wltl^ Emnpnuin ho* (jtii^lit thiiQ 
nadj ifsuU, ftiiil fauKur*! llw^ir liu '»f »iin>wiirii^, 

4fr, fctanHj, tnlHLorvs (lilT'''niilf. kitv1» <iT f^ttttli. fln^- 
bMiK nf^l, A'-,.' fnr wliidi tikau liiirtuT |iit]iri^oil, 
wnicli bttdnn^ ilArm. limry. i.-i>Hmui ^uiu^ iTn* 
MflM of Airiuk, Tliv vUrvli^la i* rot of mrh im- 
|BriWK4 t)k4t tb{<u>wiil* of iii'iTi^tiM oro ji<nrJv t^m 
f>i« dif iqitfior bk^ ih'z Mti>*>i]nmit» SyonUli, itnJ 
Mbcr ■Uft^BT*. Ofilv >i ffliv "1 I'lo' tUtt'B III Alrim 
^•D*n: in tlMTf^t, nnt fmL|(t(;»UTl by Kiiem[p3]|pi. 
i^rtMj rarvljr avtvcA ■■ tba unJiiui ui v^uHaiii^: in 



Lbc piTr|iiw^ t>f rmn: In vthcny |i]»fii cif nit. 

.Vifei imrf t\ifo^[h«,— AffPwotpftrt rf tba Afrtrun 
[Htrijlc*, M tl(tt 'raliii, (hbtuu^ oiiiuidjp lIcjUwDtnU. 
Ul'CiJiiia^v, uut KftlTtrh HvD in frtuiilio or tiibca^ 
undi.r tljii li^dirn'hjp nf nhUftiujk^ iknJ q-iLliout funn^ 
me '■Iky {■iiliti'v] minmniuly; nii'f ai Ibp <obt* boIoDL' 
4<htrtlj tft fniY-iffiTTi tJi* nftllv^ »laU« |ipn|W# wcii^ Ji 
wjupftmtivirL)' aiuoll >|Cki3C- T\m uui*l ^iiipriitviL jm 
tliv aulUuiiila uf lIcuTJETUt hht: kl(kjc<hiiii nf t^in\ \n- 
htl-iiiriE bv tlio l'c*tlL«n F^mlttn, nnfL tba FrtUUb 
^StliJiDinihiUkl rmpjra "i MoHino, on lLc L'lrpu 
Nic't; «intli nr ih/- J^lgir ITio «Uiv« «( Tiunbon 
!Mr4il nnd '.iunnA: oh llm (tuliii'ft iHimt AnhiiTitw, 
I^hkliunjcy, 4iiLd ibu Myrn n:]iMblJi: nt ]<ltirdn; in 

8nk[it-> witli AdrLriiADA. ^ut^wd FS-irou, Itttfhjnul, 
Wa<Ini, Mbl DnH^if , All 'i vhiifh an MnbL>rii<:4.1an: 
Ui Abyi»tiiiCk» Sbon, 'Hf^, *»>'] Aiu^nn, ^vtiiL-Ei wwrr 
unliad unilii- Tln^MUn' Tim Sani^^ |ni»i'»i,.iiM *rt", 
]. TuriiUj^ vii, tltri ni<,-niify nf Tiuli*. xmi <il 'PHpidi 
with FMua. Will th-- vj^iru7idt> cf i^pl *il^ 
Kubuki SenAar »u-i Ki'tril^kfiuii tie bniimlAfin bnnaf 
unrletoTintiJOil tvwfLtiln ib^arjirlk 31, J^Mttb, wUflA 
biT^luilv Alj^^TJu. ?wi»*^I iinit jUiIvpiiiid>ttciaibB**vMl 
DEJiKr fvltj ]i>]iiaiiujjiri^ Kfl'E tfif* iiifiii](1 (if Bntirtnn. 
i. hritihit, vtiL Llk*r [ ^ii-i* (iilitnr ulih KafhkriB.Nual) 
cnihll Htd«iJJr-itl4 <'U tiiu bor<t ctfVii itC iho lUMUlb of 
ibo Garahla, Hi<nft ].ii^'Ur, uit-1 (.Vjic ^Vait I'utJc, 
^^b^^Ish ud Logo* iu (ho l^if^hl uf iSuriiLi, ttiib lli« 
inlurul* uf AxYRBicHii, ^t HtJmu, MmiifiiiB. tb* 
Srrvi:hr-lUv xnd Air^imnb- IhEwhIi, 4 l^1rtll|Tnr•w, 
lln- I'hWf of whicli ftn? AniT'ln *(kd F-miin?!!, Momra- 
bi^lLiiT, the isUaJn wt Su, 't'liuiiiiiB ujtl l*jiii4.'l|c Htv 
Kipaa^-i>D4 L'nfru \ cnlo I*lr4itdf» eiiiJ Mvtclrtti A. 
t^iiuiiiiiTi. iududiii^ Lukilo, iln.' laduniati t'VnibitiJu pj>, 
Annol»iti rind Tonwo liiHi^[Mnda(it c-ijoni*! tliri'v 
fininilnil bv tian DiiFrrh T'.nnrv avf i|tp I'lran^ Itivsr 
Fno ^[flt* EUid ib« iViitinPiiJ Kupiiblfe. 

Jlie/tH''/ ti/td P'-ipfTeat vf fttvyj\r\'^. — Xul^rit'i' 
pLut^bii^ ttc i^nt 4iLvntiAa tbnt have Ih^ia invTv in 
Lhv aii^lDrBticjn of Afrina vit}iiii th« pf*wEit fwntnry. 
it i' bU^J JwH sfi-ikmuly Lbnvn tliU ftny ol tha OthvT 
tK^nt'nrntA. 'I'h'' ikliiimi« of nm* nf tlw v« rinnriii^ 
litLu th? JntctkT, tTiv tonruity *>^ iiattkT^^'^ rivini. tliH 
dcA*lI>' i-4imiitc ut lUq trt'pU'^l mmUniKl Ufw ^rniiiLdi% 
l^ic vttt^iui^tT cIcKit', (in<l tbc liPorbHily and rrli^ inii* 
f 4Uutticuitit '»f itc inhfibitniitji, havr (klvnv" intpt^lt^i tli^t 
mtflTmiirM r,i Hi,, rjvih*-! nnr.l"iit w'^th thJn voiili. 
(ifiht. 1^» umo Alnm hu <lrdi?^(LiJi'rl x*\ iiv friwu 
llic Rolouiap btiC it wiia vviHmJLy afj^Fifi! I>y thmn tn 
tlic lUKtbnrn uumIi iJiJilriitA wvfithvriJ frL^iii ICt^pt. 
|jih\h i%'a> i^Ih-im nunri ikfptFlii-fl by (fPech* Aiidlloinant 
tfi Afridi, ■xitttnr in wbolr i"tr in fj*rl, ITi^^^r^h the 
^inrlli^i-jwlj^m pjitlon "I AfrlL-n bu furhulidf \\% with 
petonin of th^ |«rcAl«it VlIle" fcir llur biNb>iV uf l^m 
hniiLiiii ni(>r, ftJiil livi nnula i^niBidMrntJi' iitiiEir^ In 
ifii* nrla lUid ■citJinvH a,V hit mrly iTrinii yt tba 
t>ivJijic^ noTti^Jiifl of th« ooDtliwnl haw alwAys bvw 
w>iit]PAh)t.IvtIv piiidII, and hkva Matft)^ batn d<m- 
[-iiv{ r-y r.>rviirn iiituilfimiitA. Ivtha^ i*aa fniihicd 
i\\\ x\\\\ Miirlli ('(1,'U't liv \\»' ?hLiiriitiani nhoiil *aO no,, 
;k]u1 Uii'JiirtH ihi; inoibvr i>r a tiLiriAwr uf i:itin* jijiil llm 
iiijr'V of i^^eultun &it'l c<it]>iniircc. liTiiki Hf^tllid 
)o CyrfFH In Oil l,<:^, lut tlii- oniony Jktvfir MViiu**! 
t<i grtfll ImfXirUnoA Tlw Frflaii*. iinpt*p Ombyivt, 
iNniiriurMd I'^'pii irt A'-'£, mil it mrne.^TiPd In tFirir 
liandi fill ubVri liy AVTiml*T ihu nnat in 3ii2- 
Fp*iri Hb d™th <!in*k i.*(*Itnrx» (I'tutvUiKl lien undir 
Lbt riitirfalr* ll!t l^::}pt brir^ii? a Rouiui |iir(ii*ljic» 
111 ^4J P.c.t iJkQ labli^r j<v»>iiU' hihviiii; OilrYnly ^Lil^tAincd 
ibii iL-mbtrit"* "f L'rLt-thA^ in \H. J-fcfift-fortJi lc<f 
fjiiir i^^ibtiirv^ ibu n'Jirtlo Tif>rtb uf Afnt^b wju iJtii1<*r 
tJtii Fit'iEianv; aftMrwunlH fnr liA-a nminr'rf^ nnrlrr Dm 
[lycuitiiiu 4[up4i\in- Tlie Anb i^umiviHt of tbi* 



54 



AOJL-^OAPE. 



|bOTticiii aI Afrkm in Ihs miiliLi* nf l^i* 7^ ftnturv 
Ji.EL, itu * mi«t impnfUnt i>r*nt and amtin^ otlmr 
rvuJK it kd lo Uur nJtfnlioJi of tlv Bfrtvn ■nutlL- 
■ftrdt tqwwilt (be S^ou^Uu, M«aa«tillr ^0 font of 
MA» WW * rrrra iif^vytitl*^ tlwdgli llwm ««iu 
fwiflB Ba Miev* ttul lb* AvtiUaBl 1^ tr^n, vatitai- 
Bftiff^ptA] W bh* Pluvntrum iit a w^ «r!y i1\'k. 
Tba |d«a cf it< prafoatdv fcnn wu at aaj nU 
bnflkr la d>* ■!•;■ of EUrmlvW*— «rlii]Yi^f.r uiny 
Ww born \3n finl te ucerU^ Ibn ImL Th« Aialu 
waokmtod Ui thv SoDdoa, ami fu i1i« urt coast U 
Tirfr'*, «ij tba vaI to &rbt^njnliii, l\ u b) i^uttl 
■• Qidtp thi> tifrt trii*t*nrthjr ai)4 i-ir(i>mixl9iitiM 
MCnmiB of Uie OBig^rD «oiininffl. Tin* rtmt r,iirn|H4n 
nwca of diicovtfy wr sadfl b; iLw l'i'rtLi;;L[i.w, 
«r£a in 1415 e»oIwJ Cm &<>J*aui (Ut. i«- T N.} 
la UIK they jckJi&I C*pc V<sJ*, !& 3jri Wisr 
fc«rnmn aoiEiiibti*!! itith Ihn fl(if»*ta uF tint C^vlf oF 

C^ of Gaud Uope^ uul En I l:t; S \'um lU <rfLiiu 
doablod (In C»t* «'>J iailol up tUc wt i-ucpE m fvr 
«t UvUnJft iML H" 8.) Altijr (b* mliJitlc of bha 
ttlli Malitfy (ha Eneluli, llHn Uw Frvtch^ and aW 
tba CfinuMi Wmi (ck tako E«n in Afnnn 1^1* 
«wy, ud tlvt Irmij »ni4 1/ irn<li-TUt(in0a |if>svi 
Ttf vfttdl lb« iBUrfiiF i^r tJiiT L'fiulhi^ib in* bn:|i pfLT- 
tuflf ofWDvit u|i, Tlw iixiibi* i>F Umn, Hji^uUtv. 

MW uu VfiU kronn omoiij: itn irbiillim of Itj4 
•ttt^iry. Id KM tkm Afrii^n Auvtrnniioa wu 
fauiuled fw Itie parpoaa ^^f «<ijilorliiL* tJ»i' fnii-rliir of 
AMbh. h\t\ lbs Out Bi|ici11tkiii* ftitiil uili bj it liad 
ItUln vxftm. Tlw juunim uE BurtHiiuhbii. tui Uio 
vlhor Land, wh4 u KVS toavnllwl fruu Kcjrpt 
tfatouflh llo ni>rtb«ni cwi* to Murfnk, aad dWd an 
Ih* n Iw; af MuD^ Plhrir. tt'hn *iptnivp| ti» K i^^ 
Cniin t& KHI cHil (JTvrw anil I4n^^); %uii nf 
BurctLhir^lt, ulin IntaUol In tlio Nik lalk-y in 
lf^11> :tl(M VBI7 luhfitjr W vnt Wuiiwlwl]^ iif 
DUiibdiii Afiw Aji auouDt of (In prlnoiial «- 
flsntfiou tti4l L»v« 1w«a mad« ^w tWi tiia* U 
•OBtibwl i& Ih* JibMrMnJ. Ame^bc tbr moM ib- 
pflrtant (finnvTi maOB dnviw If^Duu itiraf nf l.inn^v 
Mou hi fAkca St^m anil X^rana; riT ^fxiku and 
Gml to tlie Vlrihxjjk K3«i£*, lUkir'a liltnurrr pi 
1W AlthH Njaiijb4, th? Joikr[LC>* vf L\thcih('W, Vr>n 
DtniiUo, M}d ^Mli^fiEUifuttli jij x}\» rLYiuiu i*! tha 

Maodi in tliii TtsnHHJ (;i^jtjljlj0 Ln^l h>ul]i of Mm 
Xautb«*j: uil Ihoio vf CkHiMil l!1l||]A^ wlx^ in ntlJl- 
ti»a li»albi:r journfXDruBKil AfriLiK fc^m 1Vi}>>li t^} 
tri^»h9t«r«*nimaflinM7. Tlw nwloM Af rwi 
tiawiibr of «U, Pr, I.tnsipitaaffb btj bavn ■■oilmiv 
ki Afruk linr* tlAi^ liannjf vniv^d tha «onllnn]( 
bivp ZwtxLliu Jn March ot ibai year- IfDwre b:- 
oubub uf Li* |n«n>a wvtt mniml froBi tiina Ilj 
liiM ap to Uav,l4«C». bul alUr thii boOdfia km 
baMdofkuatiaihtminoM <4 \^'% v1u«t]tvn*wi 
ra«0ba4 Buvp« tAM hv b*d Umi found at VM hr 
Hr Bianltf, vMal oanLHlDnpF of the Xtie Tort 
Btr^idf who waa antidpatad ilu «!«fch atpfldltl)!! 
nol oat frmn BkiglMfl. It would a|]prur tW lb« 
gnafc tiwrdhc W avtlM m l^a rHe«uw llw bj^^ 
tM^ MimMtiai of Lak* Tuinajlka wllb tb« 
AibtH NjanB of lb« Nil** and bw dbotvavd nw 
Of I^Mndpal ^if lurt Ilia fviAolpa]) b«d waMi <rf 
tb* KIK V fluu* proUtldjr ofibo Onnco^lA UwiidT 
CbwalM^ Hklikk liv uorth of LtAc Xyan*. aui 
■Udb ba mottd »o witUn ISO ta^m if (ha knovn 
ntta* Of lb* NUk Wa thaeld ncit onit tn fniHitiaQ 
•In lb* OfAdltini nadv air Hon*) lUlcvr, Hinund 
IttllM ttanyirf Sgn^Cor tba MmnaboB c/lba 
^n^aamtikvUivcrSfllaL Eftvfng -nooMfuUy 
antapHiliai Ut mUon 8lr fiauual rAormI Id 
B^kud la Uuauiuu of UTX 



A04; ammif tb* "^^^ ■ 4HB9H* ^^^'^ 

riffiryrt, nfltonrt <if th« |iilii < l iBir WiT Ihii ap|ilLa>l 
cut of rwpRn to ptmiB of uma JKa&dlnf In ffBi- 

Anxnu {Atrfaff'M of lUriaili a In. W. Afru, 
c^. Air or Aabjn, I^IO m. N. \^ W- Kiuin. It 
■4jLnda iipriK tl^ adifaiil A biMv-lshd^ ISADIJ It. abo** 
tbna«*v wiOiln n cireutt uf Af m, II f j In arffl e ajaj 
Malp. kj |iriii<:i]i«J buIUIiur l^^ff a mwl inHqii*, 
ultU a Vivrr D^ fb. lUuk It liv >it >dvi4<U ajvl itj 
pnaent Ifudo w iirincipally i4i nvmi. Vap. ahunt 
TOOO, 

A^tXVdr^aT: Kmc Af Mjivn* xml Arj^iuk bin if 
PlinHUHDOi^ iwilwir uf AtTFUA. ^tt4 hniihtfT rf M'mi?- 
but and AflatlHfc Ilf* sulbcr k mIjI V7 wjuia lo 
La«« been I&iubjk* \>7 olbpn Ac^>p<-^ Cmuiooo 
u|u]:uiici> asd Iho taiHtuOy «f Uomer, nalu lilm tbe 
mm of Alno'- At IflMt, lb* twn bvolh«n ikra d*^ 
iinniLTiat>j| ^rhifif hy Hnmnr Fmm TaiiUliit, thr 
foundor nf ttic tacc, dnvn ta At^maiuiDTL and lifa 
vblUnai, ttw uduIhm uf tUi lAioilj uT Jivcwa wtre 
omrtmblj ponoteJ bj faW^ (S« Twitattin Priapm, 
2tT€Ms, and TV^rrir'.) Tba vbUdroi d A, and 
QyttnnHtrk vrmtv Ipl[iz<piiiiL Kl*rtn« rhn'BciTJi^bi^ 
nrd lliT4l«v \V|»i<ti tli4* 'I'mjnn iru- hr^akp niit^ A, 
vu ikpiioinu^l Ifwler nf tlio uiiltM arnif cf Gnclut 
jititl lULtniExl ikNjiLL- iCin jilu|ifi, Tlu: Hnu> iwrmUol 
iiatLi BsTuNVvlif ill llipitia- Ilcm thnv A<f4 l^o^ 
d«taiar4 bj^ a oaIiDi ooowiiaiird 1^ Oin nuiftii' of l>uuia, 
!■*• Tplityiiiiit), hnt finiily htriVDiJ hdloiw IVoy, 
Dnrlni^ ibf ruMirarlf*] «!f>Kf> of th« atf A. appear* 
)hU|KriJr tj th& iiilipr i^urt Sn litillc anu In nuudla. 
aiHl lauutMh*. uudur bU cireiiunUmi^ tb* dubkx 
of a mBEBVidar, fliii^ijamL with AcbiUda ud^ 
■do^bvd uodfT ^Cibif/n RfftLirbJnf; h«nat ah«r a 
1»n y*«n' liavvs bo «u trwh^roritly a^uaiutaA 
.t^lhui. wtioni, at hi* dpjtiiTldnv lio bjbl pardonat 
fnrtlie uiunJcTuF AlTDUk,iuid ifilnulol v/itb thaan 
ft liin yiiff ujd diililiriip jiHiL«i3 wilU C^jrlmimnti!^ 
4bLl *tvii* Llm at a banqu^tv toectber iridi Caiawlas 
Ibe <UDff:ht4>r L>f PrUm jwb« W faUcn t> bb abMo 
En tbo diviDon inf Ui« cAf>(l%'«)> vA thdr eUtdrob. 
Thiia mtrt Horir; otban aar thu (1rt«imiu«ln 
tniinTtr«d him la th« lialh, harliiE KiL(uit,'l>il htm ii 
* tvnic, Thtf cnvR of lila BVrdv It alktad bj iiiBlt 
li> bare li«fn W hdultarova coDBMUoa vbb <V(ii^ 
diua : \jy iiEbon, K?r jealvuay of Ca^mjfi'b^. 

AoXiric pLUtt. Sew Cwp't^jKmi'r. 

A»AV[pii:.ft ffiEiTilMii idi Mimni Half adt^ vbki^ 
Iflid Hifipivnirf^ hari thv pri^iAlyof uinfiuuf «|lb 
iiottJD Aio wbffBvtT dnuk m li< 

AGJkTIk Ib •oddkatioal M^Hltj itivm o?^, Or. 
b«4}; lbo1ov»fMrt, or iMMof lAit^nij, miuvatnnbjf 
tba prinittvo CSvIftiaBli, vbon a Ikbf nJ fSAtributioii 
WW marb* bj Ihn noh Ui fnwl tin^ prxir ht I lirrw*- 
Iniu iflna tlici foUowtDir uniiinl cif llili fra«t, ^Ueh 
be deilna trau lb* aMtolkal nravtiuf. Ue M>ik 
" Hu t/A CTrtblitni Md all lUiijft in luwuiifa. m 
wvTVd lalbflAotoof Ibo Aiwitiq; but wlwiitbal 
aqualHf of poniiwm t***^, la il diil Atrq in tbi 
apcaUfl^ tioHk tb# anpa or lov^ftaat h-h ■iibvucolod 
in tls RXttD of It- l7|>oii mtaln dkj% after pMWfc 
iai£ of (bv LoiU^a BUpjvr. tluf tuA tX ■ cvadB>a 
fcMti Ibo deb biufinjK protiriaDi^ and the pw, 1^ 
bad ttolUaff, Iwx mtiitd." llua km ftart«, durii^ 
tba ihrHi lin£ oHifairiH, wna bald ia lb* abvMfaia 
wjthniit irai^dal. bat tn aftcv-ttmia tho kMlHA hapm 
to Uj[ tbmn vtLb Icopurt^- TbU fMW coiMloa to % 
ivfvfiBaltmi. TUe kW uf ubaiily. wiUi vbidi da 
vtrwtaony uivl tc end, wat m hn^ET f^rm t^vtwMfll 
daflmnt aaxta, and it htm aijuwiily HarUJibn to harr 
aaj boda «* Mvbca for tb* oonvin«M* of Ibova wlho 
wikiod to Mt at lb«1r fnv. 1^ afcwn, bewvtvr, 
bfOon ao aoUrrlocB. ttut ibc ImkliAv (if ibn A,, ift 
cborcbM at Idaat, vat avlaualy — ^"■"'*^ at Um 



AOAniC— AGE. 






0««m3 «f CjirtW^i \a tb* 5««r 3P7. &«i0 lonicm 

Melib ^ 1^ Vr'tdmiU) ^dvrubUML, Ui:4iiriaw, 

jRWM «f tliH tirlrtT i>f /'vTi^r, ItUiof ifJ4[ to Ow cUm of 
tCrjfU^min, l.uiiniu*. Tlitr gDiiirie diAnctvr b* 
i^W4«t vr ni>. with fgilU iinr|rni««Ui, wtdcb JlfTcr ia 
■iImbcv from lb« t«A of th« pl«Dt, Mi^ wmpHtd 
of tvo liAUnB; tha h*<Ii are in tba ^bi. — Nhd* 
IwM MmmcrtA«d na lea tlivn 1000 «p«defl (if tliU 
hiQfM. Of «ll Uhm» dbIx trjiv ti«diA, A. riMjTMrra, 

far«<ill£T*iiitt|a&^ikiid. Ii in fniklofod tL«taoA 

It la«ke«B rrmh, dthvilflnl ut bi>)l«l, Mid 

Jurnkhn Ui« nan alinl ttuiaji, Thv fluid pbut* 

toaJer lUn Uuw Mlvd on ortidcUL bada. TtiotvLM 
moiktiaamd ■«* f»uBti la pule* *Bd wrlVNtH whrp4 
lh> Mrf Ieu not bMti plaD0lt«cl DpforniLTLy >vu^ 
Vd tb* hmi tiiPB for nlbtHnff th«n b An'^nt nni] 

BumlcAUb, J- ^Mi^'r't *^ tht fAiry-Kuu luuidini'iiri, 

ojUBtrita; Init ■ jstvai pniportiuJi of th« 

ju* prtiuhnrKiv- 

AttATC; • [TiiiMfi] dMnpouttiM oT vHtiiiiv mih- 

^ttiHV,^- TUaciUKH^oiliukfii^cIv ao\ &11 <4-i-ur 

Thmm ijD liiETurmt kmiia '>! A,, ba i1i« fvrtLliailu>n, 
llM lHiiit*.4(u, llip nJunrl, lliu rnniH» Ih* tnlic^ Ihn 
^3«d«cl, the Bono, tha ■»}. tli4 fmifiBBrit^ tha punt^ 

ttOM llMjnv tvluu Uivtll DMOhllBf tl> tho VAJ iW 

«oU«ed ooCKtittKAt minfKili an. hrrui^ in tKv 

In tf«fi ThcfcM HlUcli, from the opptwanw iiii(>vt«i 
tt Itea by Uir i!L-LKt4 vr kuirtc uudukiw V4 c«ll«A 
_ ,|jfalniif>1 Thq llillif Ktiincnil in^koUuMJ Iabb 

■■bltw- Jlg«Bci AT* aUn ffiLip-t m i^aH'Hiii oHilt 
CDtMnM; uir] M DtHntoiii In ItFrniAiij, rapodklly, 
Ihfjr iHvtir in |fn«t pcrfivUnn and iiliLtnilMiv. At 
lint plK>9 bbvy art ciit mb* ww. imrrlArK h^u^- 
lue^Cupii iun«Hlfj hkvdliv foj iknivcian') f<nh>. 
W^ be- l^v A- VH hijfhly v^^>i*j by tho ni> 

«irfi>t4 iRirv f'frnidrly HlcKbalnl tn Lt. 

■iWfiHroni tit Huic iibjHib ^if iiatiEiv or Ait^ t.y, » 
isroi& 4a Aibj4jj«], ^« fmsiiTijinn il ut^aUy 
■amnio TMttor^ TIhh Agom n>*r, hi> votot, 
ha Hoddoad by lalJficaMlly attSDina Uu ttnno. 

AiiATnortiDik dno of tlic ^mUfrBC nflvpntiinrr^ nf 
nnttv^lly. kh iLd uq of CucIjiua, wbi\ batljifi Lcvu 
■yltoi tfrov [lb(!(ivm. miM *l Ulieruiv. iu SJtily, 
■Lhi Aptiiasl« WM bom* 301 en. On Hcoimt cJ 
» avpttnoD* (vtd*. fan van vtpoivd n liia bifbu^v, 
IvtnaaKT'tly ^flMtiglit up hy hiatnnth^^r At tfin 
■fvof nwfe vwn tJie tioyuu ot^iilii rr^tvlToiJ by Lii 
]tf)«fiUal f4lli<r. AiA Kut tu ^,4iiUEiK k< ttaiu llur 
ImIo of A pjiltcr, vtbcrc Uo cuuliuufU Iv rea^Jc. Ikieiij 
ndnaUai Lry Ticnolfan intc Ifao ttumbor i>f ttc HtiKciim. 
Hb ma dnwn itam r»Niiiinty 1^' Jlatnu, a niA-\it 
Ut vhnin }il« [iivi.iily ti^iMnm<^nArni \\m\, 
maa plAcoil hi the linul of atl army di'iit 

*i t>Vllius be b<C4ll:Jf "tie ot ihc EfJCBt IVciiltllY tDcEl 
*f Fyntciijr. I'oJvi tbti dcnunion fif Si-iiiitraiiiii He 
irvaoUlKBd to fly l^ Tuvinti|]n» }yiit rrtMrntnl nfUr 
lli 4taA, rlolontly vcH npt^ tht' unvcrf^^rniy. En 



of du priadii«l lnhi»UUiil«, and iba huIiluMil «C 
<inOO in«n^ And flAb^wtvJ tb* grcAtar port uf SinlTr 
917 nc. B« mnlnUiMd Ui pD«*r t^vaty^iVnt 
^fEU*. fiHl 3>i3 n^t.. 1^ Mnngtiwi lik lulhrnty in 
lu> tijajiiMiniiiinr, and b» Ki^ nopl^yuHOt to'ihc 
lyij|rliT, he xml'XroHtvl like DbDydiu, lo dflt^ tba 
OutbAfiBiAnA b«iA fSkOr- llATjng bnn cLdiaUKl 
tgdMa,— dbwlydlnfaTAqu**,haUyiYr<AolTBd 
M pNBevcr to Arrin vub a rKwthiB nE fait unj. 
HflTA bt fiAUsht Cnr fignr TWii till 307, pmwAlJy with 
>auiawi DuturbuMtt in didly oompdhd bim 10 
Uat* Ui Anay IiaIda, ■Okdi a| Ii]a Aecrad inUni luio 
AJrifn, ba found tt In rtbe^Jkn i^nbat bu *-iu 
AKliAiTAlhuA. &«Avf«Me<i tbo cumiDotiim W in»- 
MiixLEi^ liifi liwipd Itm bnriy lh*y ilimild *'ini Itrit. 
Ubel); iJAfnUi]. b>r1iil unt hrtd W« ti civ* up Mtiwri 
*i>Ei* Ut Uiv tr<i;<»ncv of thv vagpaWr^ ^«ArHon. 
Aud tj(p<*« UiTMD Litk-r, wUbout * LaAiler. lo ;!» 
tufjuy. lUi >aru*4TQ munJcreilj tlio army turren^ 
fbrnKE lo IbJ CarthagTiWiln- Ha bmiholf rHtiHvl 
f[i]iat In Sicily, Ami amsloiWl a paacH^ 3V0KC;, wbii^ 

■j>diii«ij In bflth fttithA fhirr fornir ponsMloiu. Il« 

tb?n oiKAffsd In lEvenl boitOa cevpedlCktu Id ItA|j, 
viLen Lf v&ik'jiiiilic<J tb« BtiatlGi, •ALiI tukcil iViton. 
Uifl IftlUr (by* ivert vdJofiod lay dumutiu utrife. 
Hi* LiituiLfEfiii vi^M. :hit hi' yntiHpKi too, AntbiHlD^ 
nEioaUL iiiTiPi^r, ihii thrfinv I'hiiiHtimulAltHniAffraind- 
Mill, AroliA£ntJii]"i n* r*hv\\\nii. TfoiminlrrT^] ^p tn^ 
tended hf ir. And piTviiJH];?il Mctriou, a faviturt;? uf tho 
kiiilf. l«i jiuuoa aiUi. TLin ^« d(iD< tiy lutAiu uf » 
foallvr. vitU ^thi<Ji iLq kiu(^ itIoadaI bii V-ii-b aFlcr a 
UE*fJ, Hin miHith, Ami noon biM wluU body, btfcatui 
A moBt i>f fwrniptiin, B^fora b* wai fHiLEraly ilr-vl 
bomA lhrv*& Dpon 4 fimcTAl fiHa. Acc^r^na to 
■uU^G airlhiNVk be JjpI At llie igfr tpf TS yvu*, HHAnd- 
U|| t" ollicrfii at tb^ I'f vr. Ucf-Lrr^ Li> dfltLlin Ui' 
*iffl, Tlliioieiui, and twi> mi l»h Wum uml ts t^!*^ 
Hiw pim.iEi litw, Frrrlmi, Kinj ol KiJini^ inhanlai! 
TiTaiTi^iiniivinS*fii]ynTiH Snntfifrn ItnW, AKntbn^Inc 
fiiBiriiij U^& ifllcnM of A jfriicnl and n lovcnlini' 
Us wht |iniui! <jf hi* iw^Et^Lilt.' ilnufLil. Iljt crucltv, 
lalaij, Aud uuntiAblc jmLbit-bn wcra the CKXAtuji] nf 
Hi rnin. 

AaR, tn Inif ; th* liniA when Um Iauv ullnwv panaiit 
M dn AiiJ irblcK fnr Aint of yvttn ilwy wj^pb pm- 
blbitul fruiEi 1I4.1ID;; bcfuni. «1o]nfi of tba rul» of ibc 
cuuiiLiLtji luw ii£ Kjijituiul iiircjCAnliif ifeAnAA fulluvr 
(ICcrrii Iflv/^tt^tc, ToLi. p. 41)3^1 "A BAlAAttwrlrc 
yaan nid nuv tAkv tlni oAth of Alliflmia*; At fmir- 
Ivtp u At ynA af diaorvCiint, AVid tbnvfnrv mAy rxvo- 
■mt rtr dlAA^rm to mutlAtEr, ruy (^Iiooh hit fpiArdlAn. 
otAy be (UL «x»utor, Albhuoifb he i^iunvt Kt uatll uf 

t^ffl; Aod aI twnly-nn« i« At bl« cnrcj ili^ipitHi, And 
Buvr tdien, WhI dfTun hiA lAitda^ e™>dji, »pd ctiAttnt-, 
A fMDDl* Also.at HVBa^rthni ^^f ft^Ci, iDkj b^lwtmthjMl 
(iT glv«n in inamaf>v - At fnurtMn, It at yHin nf IrgoJ 
dlMnClfni. AHi may rbonw A^-uimllAn; ai vrrtkLtm 
niAy In AJi «icviiUii ; ikbd a( t^nmiy-Dno ioaj JiimoK 
of beivdf wi J bfli' ]iU»U t^ Ibat luU a^ iu nuJA or 
fpfndld Lt tw-uulr r-t\t yi^vr, wbiob ogV M c<impMi«d 
111 lb> iby [tr«wrlLTi|^ ill* AhAiVBiBTT uf ■ p^ven'A 
hirlli, »1i4i till l.litil tlmp i« nn jntaEit aihI in plyM in 
Iavi." a perHn imikr th« a^ of twcnty-ooa uiav 
jimIcc n purvliAMj, but r^Un tivut iv ^f bv wtDOAe^ on 
rvAijhiti^ hw f leII a|,v. ^u cjew <ait ba cb«cn ft svm- 
bcr *i( i^rliaiDcTii under thu ^fga oi twobly-OinA ywiii 
iupp nrdairn?d a pH«it ohtil IJin itfu iif (iHvity-fnnr 
^vriri, iii>'n)rLit-a bithitp ]iftfni> hn in tliirlyypttnaM 
In niATriAi^'tfl. ivIkd fIlIitt of tba pvUs ia undof 
(w^Lly-oiii; ymn, aLtl it iml a ihdDWt¥Ur>*utuw,lhq 
cQtiBcDt ot Om ycLfonl* oE h'uardiuit t>f itucb miiiur it 
requiritJ, if Lhtf EtArnB^'D i* in pur>uiui^ nf a ]i(Vii*g i 
itr, if It i** ih |iumLiui(* fd h&AiiH jiuUiilwd, tba 
pivn-nt ttr ^\^n\\jvi ntny. At fb* Unas of iho pnUiatioB 
of tbo bimuis dtvUn la cburcb Ua UImboc to amdi 




m 



AGE-AGENT, 



10 ciljuatp luurtean yt*n it n^iintuJ bj ttin luw ■« 
IIb |i«vm1 ft wbiUk n |vni>ij bcixiiik^ ivKJCflcuL \m 

■nd MViHi vfjir* ■ dbikfroHy Ix piiDiibud if it doarE^' 

nptUI* Out br ]■ tffliKlntU iif Ullf Lfllllt Attiuhlllff tci 

n* «fltBau« amuatttfil I7 hiia; iinrfrr ipvpti a fhilri 
amnoC bt ipjUt/ of hlopjH Tht Iaw uf KouUuLii 
ilivido lifo UtiJ thrA tKrlotli, |iiL|nUri(v, nuiiutily, 
mad ttajiinty. Tlio fi»l «ttciiilj up Ui Ojd lime ?f 

b<vii fpiT h miLtr, w1«vi th'^ iH'iy nuirry ; tbf ivvmiH 

nlik-Fi d ilio Uiue vbrii [OAjorJty k Aiuln«l, Eiul It 
ia alau tpplLgJ U> ilio ntiule [jriijJ iiTwiutu lo uiv 

i^orilTj thii tinni uifludoa tbo rdiatimitf iKiitba i>f 
^fD- Tha k^ forHrriBU in thv inilid^ U fmni ^ii 

1^ pTDvUlaru or wo Cu^ ^apoUon with nzanl Lo 
aags^ Til c^mtraut uuvtuUv. li icifiiira Uj^t lim uiau 

fiftovL But muTi'ji^ Tm aot viJid vribU^iit tliri a<iii- 
ifeinE nf pwt«U until Ifip mui i* tttrtitv-hvo, aiiki lh^ 
ttnmkii lu-pnly^Qh* yrmf^ nlM Kiill a^ 1i hT«r1 «', 
twentytiDo 7mv tor bolh ieii* At il^iiHii yrmn 
a iniiitfr e«u uuXt » wiU- \VitiJi>A9, In > i>lnv( 
«eiiH\ niiat b? oS fait afr, llTi'tur ttllocn yvnrm of 
At^ * pcriuii iim,n nnly *Rinn, withaqt hTi oatli- tf » 
mmLlBl U nnili^T tiLtfri ynra, *\'>'i iKe Jn^^ fin<^ 

m lunjlvl lliije» lu n luniid uf c^TmcliLMk In Llit 
tTrntcH Slate* if Aro^ui tha mhrn ol th'^ Kii^Hif] 
likw fivpti^ii^tf V9 Ifvvt, in irimC cuti", l>viii adniitciJ 
vbvn AppUflaU*. Vn t» phnoi^ inf-i't'iht nt th^i 
U-JQWa^MRWlViulBi Ufl*K 1w ibtr**/ fiv- ^rftnifilil, 
tt aoiAlar mutt !■• thirty, ami arvirnsoiiULiva Ivioilj- 
4ro j««r*ol'l. B« »f* in (M'ftiiuti Lot. 

AdK; A lenu A;»pUai kk opfUhin ptrWIt of lil>hiry. 

i^fB. ftc W« &11I (ba vfta «i tlia vtff'l mcnti'^iinl 
» thif wliBBtof ibaQrHk fitvu. TIU7 ENmifunn) 
wi dulfiWiiot al nunMad bi ifin UU uf nn intilvlihui!, 
■ml tl» carUoM pvrfod fit the world to lb*? ti'tiiifuil^ 
lit)' uid liA(rpflU»f uf jDUth' lIoeiu<l ff**^ ^F G^^ 
«UMi««I *t>*^ I' TbDiwiiti* orfioffftn'jri *p^;f, vlicn 
■Man niUtl tha outli, Tim pHpta won fro* Iroui 
iha nMfalql 4if law*' thfir hut nxithcr thiji* rnrr 
■ai p t a* . lav* ivwUlbav: th« fertile Ar4il« nrH<if 
tiO wIllntlDa. and ptfpataal B^rinv Lilownl lLc nclli, 
^ Tbo tOr^ ajR. wluofa Uc dncHbm m llcftnihrvt 
And vkikiVJ. i. Th* &m?ra dVfl. rinUot, Mmt^, 
and Virlik'. L Tb« ^tmic t^. trhtoli h«]i#J an 
■p pgai fa aHim] In a N<tt#r itato nf Ihinfi. A. 'I'b'' 
fr«»aaM.«bin lLutlc<i LndbononrluulKtOiceartli, 
Thm pwl MpJ"**^ Llin iri lis ilm >i;t "■ Kliiiib bu 
liiawJf lived. Uvi-I rcUinnE ia tii« AlniaujnqiboiM 
t}i*«tiviji«n «l Krtod, wilb tki« ditfiumtot - bt ftfoit- 
t»t Ilia ha^dfo a^^ aftd pkM Iha foivagw b*fn» 
ttait Mrb-Ni tJ UeaiHUnii. — lUa Idcfl^ Ont uacd ai a 
paailfaJ cflnbtUbltnunt, vl« aIia tnimluAd inifl 
|4ABB9|iliJ- Tin t^™ irric b*iiWj Ufpn a* a |ttrl mr 
Ifat n*M 7*" ^ ^ vntU, Hi* nrolntW rd nluab 
v« lA Ma| th* bn^TMlf bod&a* l» th^o' fint jn^Ifim. 
MTtboJofQr «H tbw brvudU Into llii> ift'-mait bkh- 
IWMmi ^lli Bilftwi'>Tny. Ill* flrM» or )?rJilrEi n^ 
m in^lnr llw ilfHiitaiijii i>r tnatiin; tlm Hcnadn nf 
Jflldtat; titt Iblni of Xv|>iuii«; anil ib* fanth. c^f 
Plolft AT aa «c«H ay. cd Alh>lLi>' Hio tlm* «f tb* 
••nfbliM cd ibt gpsa* ftar d Ibt «i*rid,or td tU 
kMmi. «w fiit^ b^Hcoaai 3000 »oIm Tcan^ ^y 
Mhan at tha KTiiailfMU nimhv 7717 tahr yrtn. 
CSebhi MttaiBlod Ual ]?,aA4; Ifwid^ttu. al IMM 
and OridmH at ti*nlw tavaltia* contluiat rwjj of 



im HQOular nrnnibi. or tiiA Four iM«^i <rf tl<a nir. 
^iiriua «*« iLe f^cn «gn; ■ummcr, iTht ■itv*ir; 
miLumii llie Lruci^ nhkU waa inttiniiiitfid h\ ri-ru- 
fsljoji^a dofj ; nn^L nintrr. thu tt^n D^~' ^ Afld tbvri 
th« ?vi]l' 1-ii>c4n v^ith jiiTin<- A^in. Tho iHr« 4f 
njM of tl» wh^jM i* vi ^Irt^lj tt»i>il in the QAtim of 
liial) thdE It In rr&]TwnvrTt <^itti thr- Kh^fni* M'rbtl< 
EiivliU vf ullmnt cvviy ualMHi tni tljir c'"'"'' ^^^ ibiil 
ttfeiapl««rit ill thi! Uh>iiu(jU ycftninf tbn Mllli'uu^- 
riaua, wuJ ia Ibc ffiur Vnfu nr OifcA oF tJip 11i[iitiii. 
TliA int. or Kritu Viitiis it ktmrUJ tivibivaa^ laoU-l, 
juvnrrljitt; i" iKfif it-vLittnTi, iiKK* ilTlTu jcan. each 
niriij bi Ml) Kf\ar ywn, will. lulitLng Ita fora fuvl 
ikfi?r*twf%lj£v' 1.72^000 wlv .vuitn 1» nit; aim tlffoi 
llvi^J too jiuii, aiKJ rtcrc iJl utuiUi Uim tie pjil 
JEnhuiu WM buni. In tba wnod pfIlo<l, (hv Trttt 
V«4p. wb>d> lutD'3 HftOO diTb* ud t,1K»R,0il4) aolar 
y[«,trH in aFI, mm livj<iliiTiJf ^OU y-tn. tuid vIcDbuui 
li> creep into the wrirlil fhirtni thfl Cttr^l *pi. nr 
l>wi[>ud Vtii^k wliidkbtfibhlSOOOdlvlatuidHilfOnO 
tuW Tiao. i»L:ti ]lvn[ chiIt 2(10 raan, gwluj- to Ifao 
motva^ ^ viiv. Thn lui f^v, tb» KlJ] Vue^ ibat 
in vbij'h wa imiv \Wfl, ia to luA for 1000 Hfvte* w 
^.'iV.DlMl tnlnr yttirt. Ltii] 1^ Mo «f lun U annlE to 
CFiHT'fijiirth o| iu original duntiaiu 

AOKD.V, SisoiiuF; ikii juaeiiitily uf Ji-'t^uL i|i>c-t'n, 
IhjIiI 4,li 16!»0, •□ clmoininBtcd (roiD a pCuiiL tin wUicb 
tliEij met, hlviH thjrty lun^tm dialont fmm BinJji 111 
lirnijjurv. Moh" iJinn ^'»t tvhtna. nml tiiMij 'nher 
Jomi, fJ illrt*rvn[. niitL<in<, utt^n^ivl, Thri riUifxit am 
IjJ (kluiL/! 1T1C i|Ui'atJiai kvljcUtirr tlic MfWali bsi 
ji|i|iCAKiK TIju ndji'ttlLvv (if iIlc i|iieatiuii yiu uuiieii, 
■nil it 'ifM* iGTEtil tJint Li» coniiig waailcUy«(t m 
luwnunt Lif ibtiir ainx ii-nd impanitanoa. Thaj vara 
nf dfiinion ihat h' WAiiM h« Ivtm (a^ a ^'irgtn. Vfidld 
iviriji' OA a jTfiit lyiii'jiiorT, *'j^tiIH 'V^Mvn thfl Jm 
frtiiLi tvcry fofcljju >uki-. aui attci iiuibintf In \b* 
MoHic rvll^cpii, Bnmo a»3adaatia frum Kouus nt- 
t^flJcd thia mHtojTi ^t tbv muJtllijdi] irould art 
baartbvm. 

AoKKfiA. among ili«bati amiatimii ai^ll4«i tbiq^ 
vbich a mui ia Inund U* ^rftrm, hi b[>|>r4dblrpii ii^i 
rrtdfjtiin, wblrJ) !if> Sn liat:ntl tn bcUrvi'. It altci il#' 
niA/n tbe Mrvice or iffftor* nf lb» cliurvit. A. It abo 
uatd to iJ>;iiifj churoli btrnlii o»iniii]n) by ptiLlir 
auLhoriij. prnvriUn; Uw onltr tu bo obacrvod by Uk 
ii^iiLiildr> jinJ iiDnplti in llu <i;mrLuniaa aTli] Javolinnl 
rf Ilia rbtLrvb» ' 7 tlm nCurkl, litnr^-y, niLiaar Jlc. 

i^ijr,vi', & jh^nnn ii|ipikiTiUNl bjr iiicilhrf Ifi vt ff>V 
■ T ifiifanaat^y l^riMl uf I'laimw for btiii. ibt lani 
I'ciiij; uktltd id te|atii>ii Lu ihf fi-riiLfr tljr firijittpaL 
Vviuija rlj—** of affenta gat HpcS'J uunua. ■■ altf- 
ncja, ftntoTfe, brnkan^ ciauni^Dn-tfi«iJt>, An Tba 
lirikJlq rJ nil ii|rmit'< pnvna imint he ilPHlnnninnl Iff 
hii [QiiTTitiloni. and thnc IDNT be i^Elinr npocia] nt 
liamral. If tliLy urccviicral, be b UjullE toH-bfot 
Iba bflvl inUnaU if Eub pnudj^l m Cat ai Ilia jivt^ 
BHAt p)OB and AfCTinliiL^ ij dinuEnvtaiioa^ IF an 
agmt^ bv advrncunhjf Ihf pivr|«Ky nF b» priaripa? 
Id a «itT not Juttlllnl fiy >Iin iimjjvt nf tnt/t* 4T ihf 
Idmu uf hit uni^ojpi^t, uiil Kttbfiut xha a-iant of 
bin ■rnkpluj'br. bnntf Lua u|<:in llii' liitL4f, Lv la liniMl 
la mako |i7»d tb> Mpabbt nf tbc dmnbi.'u- l^ut tcurv 
«artl'waff«i i« vid ntoncL Id rvtidor mi npnnt lUUr 
Ho nuft bv guiHy od wvm oaralfBin'v«H friLnrl. or ■ 
Invach of hli pcattlT* TniinrttJi^TLt. An Ptrnt maul 
aiviiifntfDrilII|itv£tw]jHi!ifiitaYhAveEijni|clr^ tlweO' 
Utinf err dHiIliijf vilbftliBTlfcictocd bin |<tiiicitiv), A& 
■GtbliarntrtlaJtntiacniBBl^imorVfii'UbrritinQ, bvt 
br ma^ forUt thb i<ffbl W BriatandooL Ila h alaa 
CDtitJtl !«> I4 rpiioboPHd lortJl Juitjaabla advaDCVa 
inaifa by bin ha bftijilf uf hl> [r<rirtpivl; abd ha hai 
a Htn imrth* lalttr'a im^rLr irnlll hi* Jiitt ila««B 
anMntitAnl' Iti irvnitit] vi^acni^Miit of Mt a/rat 
vitfa a Uard pitfty ii UndinB en Uia piruwir*d i aftU 



AOEKT— A018. 



W 



iKHiJ^ if h» liiM Tiij^ B'tiw b«jond hb aMiw bl# p>wiT«, 
«tvbil the Ifaird ptrty miffhCHOainiAU^iintiiinivtk 
bi hv pnwvn* tba (iriitd{xJ b liouiiel W Mhettt id hi* 

AOBmr^AKMr; pmabn ftutborund by B^nrvramcnt 
lo DuiugB iht uoikotu^ atiyntrf iwaiaeab« v* v> 
dftUad- All Ua luoiuy nqvrirail f«r Via «ipuHB il 

lo vrhnm it !• fltauioHl l>v tijr [iLTiruntiir of Elia 

Muta tlw w-ultlcD mj*! liw Aimy to ttv oa n4Diber 
ttliUrw ATo ouiiiyiiTKNi. Tha ctfCDt for vBiofa K|:iuir^ 

Tkt«] to ih^ ihrcitH* LlE^r tbu it«*tli iif Mi tirnih'^ 
AeIj^ b^ thff tnflufiioo of l^wnder. In 3^4. CnlTed 

be vaniiwEiH^f. AfUr L^wuvLbt^* iLnbh, UJ* ^1i>riou* 

flftrifi in hia rintflhdiH f^tiimt* xn<l tnm hi' urm* 
■fiimi llvbin. iVintiiJi, Ai^.. nHi^b Iw1 uniT^I 
a^tinU SpvUpitlid ill a iiiljap<|iii?ut Mif with 'I'lirbcs 
bi cwiboirl BiTHQsb iVltifiiLtu kuil i^nhiiiiut>uila*, iJia 

AMHriB*, ^Vfi th* city ^ith^iit thu \iasMjv\ tf 4 

J— n, thniFj:^] i( wv HoT.TiiLlly m Ihf hi^nrltnf h|wliii- 
BWlJifc llL Uu i^ii-,r ^r ^tU lid Unii»cil rj\i-r Lu 
E^m* vitU n UkIj uI l^ucdainiEmuui mbicELiaiiry, 
•U tWr*. Hftor dirjilHyin;: mUDll nf fain UUMVl «IiLliLy, 
bt dWd wbilx prvfioring f^r hit roykj^ hotnis in tnk> 
vfbltr nf .tift-fill 1 1> p-nnn li" u-aa aiiiikJl anil ^< 
■ifoUlavil, tif H'u nn^rthelHd a n^jtrk prince, uul 
thanmt j<liiixd Liy Kit mUliDn itiuuijb Ilc tuuLuLiiuui 
i^Jalvl tkfl lirliif (t| jitfticr la cuwi-a ui wEaJt'Ii In? 
tnU Iq tiiwfnl l0 U> country pt friutula- 

AuOl^KUATlO?'. in |ihvnn«; ■ Bp^vw of iinknn 
■rbart^y HWnJ Ihta^ ithich havi.- n4> natuTnl Jcprn- 
dtnef nr fthiEnr'E'Li^in wltb onu Jbll^■t^l:^ jLn* vliIIikiUiI 

UVotfapT. «ii w In mHIMTMnM tt) bMlctlUlU] (iM'. TljMI 

ftboBftuf Mutil craBMHof Tubn ah ttodiis hy a^ 
JEoiiuv, «r AvoiiDiu ; a vUli^ b Ifu »unty of 

fSitlv^y in Imlinil, nn^iiuin^Eir for AdPnidfa liiLttb? 
ft«l[lit in thv iiHiifUMrrhniHl, July 1^ IfiUl, }wlwvni 

iNforcHd WlitihnilII.,iiiQ{iD[]t[iiEtQl<i.i>uUnwn. 
QBOuiuiDilel by Ouwnl Ginckolj anJ thu*« uf Juna 

Krweh (:«n«mt i^l. Uuth. '1^ faned of ^^lLUlilI> 

Met ^In^Pol. in ilbv iri^jti^rtiui-jit IW Jia roIalA. 
hfclliM fix Um LiaIUv of Uil, ^<\ Hl^H Utivnii illE! 
hiB<A and Kri^liih, Hiitiry V-, l\inei>f Krijz^nd, 
Agv te cmquv FmiKw. EaiuIuI at iJofHuur, tui'l^ 
4* piaa* Irr aliircii, »ic| wlahiicl 1a mnmh ihrmitch 
flvrd^M CaUa. in urir U ilv hi4 wlEiifTiiiinrt^n 
In lu odchbuuriioiHl, With il i-'uvvdul furoc dm 
DfeaiilMt tjvkwl S4ftj'ii»b liirji, TLo iLuumrii^iiL «ij' 
pnaritt-olihd French •nut j^n^i. ami iba confidni'vi 
«l tb» 1*4J»T hnd iliD Ti'vl>W4 'ucb thnt llioy n*ri;jta-<J 
Vh» pffitfrfwH aiil nf f.lin f>til('i nf Kuripinily nuA tin* 
clt;f of l"iirti, HnnTT V. rrtrrvvTivJ w Ihp* Somrnr 
Tbe Fmivb fuilmvi-iJ Lv liaia*i hia t^-ln^i. ui-1 Cu 
dffnd Iha |wg? from AlibeviUc lo JH, l^uiiibui, 
wfaich ka jniaod only Ibrouifh tliv iniLCUnUon i-^f Ut<j 

*raij4hinQ ni'l r^lurv^jl hy BinknFJii^ Ffiinry bJiktN) 
iv pr^c* OD diuilvoaUi^wuv WmiA. The Froii^h 
nfuiail hit %ir^\fvt^», liiJ iuc'Oi?«'it*] in LIijumIui; 
llmmtm bH^roirii Cnlu ajL'l tin- llitalAi. 'IVk 
liMtr twiMihrl «f ^iUOO murL ;l^ iLi-mt aixL I^h'^OO 
aicbrt*. AttI varvfnnc^il mnnU'rof bnttlr iKitur^'ii 



wbinK oTfry man nvricl ont, wnre And in Tnml M 
thoiA. 1119 Krvii^h, f^DkiniUKli^l by iIjl- (oivtAUK 
il'AlliF't. iiNfnWn<] ]i"',OlXl troup*.' i.t yhnta N4»00 
worn mrii-sH-ftrtii"- Ttn-y n-rnini^fcl tlt»inuJv'« in twn 
itivii4uii>, •vt\tii liiM iEi>'.ia-ut nUTiN t>f n^nin 'JVCO vmtfv 
uiuutiLpij, tn front, TLe Fj>4;twti (ii«b pDt itiFiriMlw* 
in motion. Th- Prrnoli licnp (niiiuiily LnKLmiiil bi* 
m«*l ihvBk, but vpn Fve4iv4d witJi >ucii ^ Hhnfvirr^r 
amnn by ffic aH'>*r-, ihfti thn Ml hioli ™t U»c ti^t 
div1>l4m. t-m! llinv it inti /^nnfiiiifin- Th^ l.jfht- 
anpvO iiTolirTi win-HiJ tliirlj- rlnhn unl baltltfus, ami 
brtilu into thfi rai*Li«f tlwkni^bla'iMi-fn^it* Alftiiinitrt 
not move 00 avoounb ul their hc*vy ii^lu ^f mwl uid 
lliDfiloHncHi of Uifir anaj. The Kiig\uh hptm fl^w 
III uAMt Ih* arfh^mi tli*: Rnl Vtviiph riiviiunti fa- 
trr4t«l: ih* afi^mrl rtuhlil mrf, muuift thr chnrp* of 
tbv tiiAon^ and llvn-li'ik* Frtncli army wu vi^rtn OU' 
tiii'lf vCfilUrRi. Tlic tiotory «&■ ■jueji|t|i^^ Henry 
ihaugfat thnb ^bc ffPTicli *fC'nM ruHy uid rmww tbp 
b&dltt, and baiQf alurmod. s^»<-, by tn^t r^poK i1i»t iv 
juEty cif ptiHanl*. in urma, i'pt* p)rjnrinriinf M» tms- 

Tiiv ouLUiJiauil wild alnaify rhccutnl ubuii bi? iliMjuv- 
troJ lilt jimujifniiMHMff uf lii* fofcr, TUo vlcVvioim 
an]iy,lii><ivcicr, iiillicptinuEt i-FllitflymtfEficiny^tKHk 
]4,("IIJ pfinntki'rasLi'ra; |0,UOO KivJifihincm \ny iitt4 
an r.hfl h(iF,Eli«.hr<Jfl Amnnj; thnm vti* rW i^*nilAM'\ 
With ill <tulir*i FiD'l prJnw*. VWp j-rinf-*, ftinnti^ 
wbiim wvn- lIiu Utibu uf Ork-oiri auO l^rurUni, wcm 
|j»]ic]| piiihMiKTi, lln: KiLi:Mi Jn»i lUirO mcin kUlnl; 
■mnn^ thnn> ihr. Ouku fJ Varlii Hunry'* imi]E«\ miln'in 
lb* Yhiki* HWliipc'rhii ilc>n ivt biA niifn, vbiJ'^ prHfliiLf; 
IitvAnIt thr kinjr 1 1' .Vti'ti^iUt hjirl rluht'pl tlm i>nn*n 
ii-om HeiiryY bi^ibl, mi'} lirifil liin liimil fui' a irinrv 
rrrL^u1.uul Iflm. *licii Ujc Kiii;_''B ntU.-mUu[* ■utnnindBiI 
bii[>, Aud lip fi-11 n.tunci *itli wmEiiJ", After tbo 
ttAttlri the KtiEbkb 9^i.l]n»«] tbrir mv^b t^ dUiia, 
Kud lliftniv uitnt fnr l^^juid^ ta AMvtnbl* an anny 
fur a a-fW mciuiori. 

AiiTnTitlbftdilTlrmMwin vabJi^lmtWMnhank-innnay 
and njEh (T (rtbcr eun^niv^. Tlia tfrijj b in maat 
(ri;r|ti«Dl m In TTi>II«]d ivn^l ^'mir^. )t It. how- 
bVcT, tued at Hambur? and r^thtr |ilACf« in ■jvmiiuiT. 
It u tyOonyiuov'Ui Willi frfiinrm. when ibu Iwik^ 
truinrv 14 w^lh hidtp iban tlii> Hiriti^ nr>iii]bEiJ airiAiml 
(if ilie L^urrmit via. lunl *1tb ilurtiiinl vWu Ita ^'aIdk 
in liw, Tbo hcii* "t ^Q T^iLi^h irf AiDKltTi^tfun waa 
lti>in 9 Ui 1 ptr «Tit, brf'^ro ibo Pfci^ili iii<aaiuii T>r 
UoUnnd in 17Vii i tliat of V«tiiL-ti wah ^l^^mal]Y fined 
hi :J0 poT ODEit.; ihi thiali iTiuiii*y f>f 4^a<.*b uf ibciM 
l^l^iia btmL; ■() nnitJi m"PB I'kJiiahlii tJittn the H"iiTH»nt 
Pdin. TbJn jilffVriMH"" in tiLrtiP n.rii<r-K nftn frnm tbi» 
tlfciiniilniioc t]iM ifiT cumnl ioLu Is ([L'picoinLuil by 
tfcuiiuK alii] cLi'ijLiil'. TIjc axJii ijf tti(« liitJik lEitiiiry 
uf Uambiirf vaa fnjniKTly H pur n^ciil, fti lZki» bo^ 
oDimt. ^jt^itf i' HfiiiLtiaiift ti<ad to BLgi^Lfy lJii> yr* 
mmm nr [jinonunt on lill- of nidlthni^n. 

AuJH IV,, Kirip nf Ijintlirinrjn, kJid mllrji^d nf 
l^c'UJt^doa ill ttit v^uvvmiiji'iit nf ^pAits. nia tiki pnn 
I'S Kvilufuida* tI-4 art<i a MeicaI fleti'^iLclaiit -if A^ii 
InLji. Hf diii]iN:^|u(] hiJi fillin-T i|j n p. 'lH.tJ\'\ rfinTDtai 
U-ifyaxrw. MiitoHatu aflinn lliat hi vtM in Ti^uth 
iif iimipikr ppmnntr, nmi Ihat in nuiliinir a^ Jw pm- 
priT'l. by Tifii' [nlTviiliitiLlon nf nr<w Invin. Lit uirtnl ihr 
alimtpt nbieli bail cri:\it luX" ',h*s ^(lArlnii eirvtni' 
uiE--»li. Tli4*bc iuiJiid M rdoiAoro nf ponjliar^dloLiJty, 
liut iiD wm 4U])|KkTtDd by liii iLAlumpJ urtrlv A^o»j1aubh 
Thcuiifb with a «al(i>h (Tu*i^. anil 1JlievE>Bl»vniiLnTof 
\hv pitit>iEi«- Thj*y ofilaJTi'il i Inw f«r tbf v<|iiabi9> 
lion of pmiwjty, uiil A- hljiiHlf idiBr*iJ n vaJQaNQ 
tjUt« with tbr cQiinmiiniiy- In f^n^eiiumoo of Lii 
riTrtii>TiB ttfaJbat A/a Di^atiiroA l.«iinidAai"aa<rr|io«rd 
am! biii]j>VL(iJ. TfiD jfipTu, Trnvovrr. nviu lio^ftTiia 
iliivLtj*li»l wilb ttifi pri'jor'Tifl ivf(inr»H ^'^'l tiEtili' A- 
wvi lirtdiriiT ail army it\ i^Ui Ihx Arlunttn^ Vif indS^ 



AOITATOBS^AOKOMEK, 



««ew±fibAl AoVu^puT Irvthfl rflftontion ol LMDidu 
Thfl cpnapltHitni hwm; niccMikU. lontd A, Ut i^k* 
vduiift In n UniiilMt mm b* nvnir IhFi Vul hjr ilw 
imifOD o( bkUiK On ow of tb«>* oocmobk h* 

lM«Iul!lhu»«««diHi*dnu« wwtiut hb tUwv in 
^Mii^ Uvi b«i. hiT MHwd thM ft VH for ihf 

pcnpcM «f nnnriBf tliaav of LxcflBBOi. Fknibctu* nf 
MM v>* tnmad upon bim; W tlm miuiiitan vf 
ibt IftMi unbU fomJ V DumadiVD^ rafuiwd to 
omdiicl hiu to A ohjtnWr nwrvad Uir lb« votvffv 
tHQ ol oriniiiul^ ila v« tbtn wlam^vAr ^'^ ^* 
ntmbltoil t4 hit Hftionc* vith bimlfl BnmiHL TUu 
pittdnrnW «ml nnthHr nf A . thattnA llw mbh hie 
AtttTATJHf, fiiKiih:]U1jUi*i4ify,«iirvT>«noD«iUHtsd 
li^ Uwjuiiir ^ l<)t7 *<* ti^mIi oTtr iu iaUroMit ainl 
I0 ccotrcJ iht jpftriUmuut, M iliot tbnr dtdn^ ■! 
Wirtmfiuftg- Two [riv«U um* df blBfivr orikccr*, 
««** iHAiiilvJ frvmMieiA bup or mmpAny. ftnH thi* 
liDi^ifbin nOifclVEl wm inaiuHd to •quit ib* Bob» 
cf CommHu; «Ula the Pnn imr* rwwwitful lij ■ 
csuDc!! at cdSttA of Hok. Cntt«*U •! flm luiidD 
DH of Own, Iwt AlUntnLi i«\i«l urden fur mp- 

Off OAirtlitntinn, ^tmi rvm tn tha Jbil whinh Icfrbirk 
aoy numlivr to ^sOmi dtW Rnnnp df Puliuncnt 
■rawd— ft f«)fabtl«i ciofijirgBd vliU jcvtcit^- lo ihb 
^. ([EDtt^» //kI. <^ IbL) tin Mrm «^Ulnr 
b>« bflin applSod i& klw daj* to |iolitiOftl dmw' 

^IaUIA; »minl1w id Tinioil. am* df tlw tfar** 
OiMB, ^ta^ttrr of JaplBsr huI EniTiiinDB^ Amnl' 
Ib^ lo irthoriL tlic hulLw vt vlic tirmwa* ouJ frllb uf 

A(niAME>L A If^' ^T^ff ^'^^ °^ Xji^W. In jt4 
m^£bbo^rhMxl arv Ibo fnmnii* I'mtM 4bI Can* luii] 
AtbUlB of 1SL. JuuritiL Tb« (onon ii noMd (rir 
lb* viffOOkilnff ippnnn of cvtHmlo Mid pv vltbh 
amanii limti !(■ InUimi. Thv \nMa an bnncfii^il tu 
«MH of EviJik ■'Ypbilifp Jia. Th*T kra thd Th^mpin 
Aff'*"** of Ui« lUovis frvv ub4 » tbo fnrm ol «u^ 
fihoiwai vuoLif, uik hftTo ft tvBnntur* HhlBh ofton 

AoxATVt h'fj'/na'iV In tbs diU Uw; vlatlnn nn 
tfa* oanlv will. ti] nnpcMiiivm V> nvmdkv, fvUiom nn 
1b« fanuJo fkU> JwUiiUb oboliiiHd aU ilkkifiBibv 
WiVHn ainalw And oogutv Ift iwp««t cf no 
ei^on. 

AiCicn^ Kr ; ft nint irha Bl&Hl mtttrrdom at tbn 
lim* of tUc iwiwitlitvi vi lbs ChriflJnM, Itt tb rvtgii 

bi^hfitilm thtagihof Jawarj, DcDtnlobb* 
tot y InlH Wri Tbf nrurr-^* *f h-rt Ttt-itthn Two 
chanftia «f Ihli ■ftlni. mv In Uonu, Ilia other wv 
dbmtitf. ttn rvpuutjilik buE^n^ In ham nf tlv 
1Mb* ihn Pavd nf tlia laial ii cadnbrMod witli imny 
odUfomu. MftiiT cvUK lni*i» &n, in brou^lLL 
Ibcn ubd bleHJ W IL« ftiat. 7^ ecrnDODj lo 
ibffogbl Id pr«*Ml wm ifMul rfotaMi Jubg ibo 
JoUovim jw. 

AalB^ Hr, ; Ihfl tnrnl Kintlml/iif IhaSf Jllr l-1«iiiii 
d^vX OA Ibv (QBK of OonnJ]; nm, 300 w\ The 
•dl U (qrtCbp MXiI mlemUf wiU cuiUTAleJ, but Umv 
b ft pcfti <l«AciE«C7 of «*lcf' Hktv u heiv ■ li^chL- 
hsmti, vUl ftnvolring 5^1 13& ^1 al>vr* higli-vitUF 

AciVEn KoRU^ OiH inLntrvwnf r>ivWVTT, Klnt- 
«f Pru«, vAi t»ni H49. of n noUi^ fjunUj of 
To«nl>Cb »nd wu liiw uf Uu musi buutifLil viJ 
ftOwnif1<*fcnl itnncn «l 1u< lisb Ai l*dy of hoaour 
to tMbdkoC LnniBo. Dwbw of Amjod, *b« ■duoi- 
Miad IbU fvinOKin lUl.to th* n«Mh«Mrt. 
flv baolj BrtTmrtrf ibr fftronr of tb* j«vg ktaig, 
■■d bt ivrvkliA bcv VDV of th» iittMn'M lidki «( 



hodavr. Aftor Kin« mdatoito* A* fliMod to tba 

jtisCim ol tho inciiivoh' llw KbgUi^ thra hut pm^ 
■dflm af hkU (if l4>mnea; ud Qhvla VII,> Ibowb 
tutuimlly 1>i1iL, liciauir d«pjwMil aud iinctivit undtr 
ihe WTLtftt «f bw iDJf^rtniifA- A, alvni) kba bUv t^i 
r«jn htn fmrg hiu *r4ll7, Htd iK^kv hivn ftil iIieU 
!ia ^vi>d t> hlfflMJI ud bi« poopb. Tfao ovtbltwl 
ruriv«t n| Ui «ma Ifmaainl kli pumlon (ur hJi in1»' 
in-Wj M^iiu iliil uoi, liuWDWi obiMi Iwr powvir tjwr 
Uim. >HLii] ntinal m \UZ to l^dlHo, vrbWv CUuhs 
livi lauilB birr « cattlv. ]To «ft«nrmrda confenni ob 
h^ thfl oniiTJiyiif F*iilhit%Ti>, Sn Brotaffiw, tbaaoignt 
\\rif* <it ■WFi'^'^VrTlAF* And liaadiui, An Htfri, and 
thp UlmtTAn Jfl B«uiU, on th* banlai cf ib* Hmw; 
wliirr^ctf tihu Mcdvwd ilia avtm of /tan< A AtniBtf. 
Shaluil llrvil htnaboutflvv^mnt frwivttatljr tUteil 
bf Ibo Jdii|;. fihea ila inpta lovilfd bvr *i^ to 
i>ot]K bi IIIP. A- Hitacaltil. wii lo bbacarrr Ifao 
V^ig phWHled t« ilic omtlu ij MHBiMvBBlla. vb» 
■lin dJinl in NAl\ mi atJililnnly fti in MSwd ffnimul fur 
Uw mai^finn cif ^KtlAon. Sim vu biirlrJ m Uia ooV 
Uc^atd churijb of L'-cLni. Hlitrv hft moauiDeiib ttw 
to bvKcu lb Kt'V. Kilt: left iLoklnctbrMdHcbtflat 
w]mV(vu*ickU'>HlAly>£<i ^ hii«r &ad puriloaArfet ih« 
ciptukB of Ibe cRJU'n- 

AnxFhi, MiKtJi GAFTtiTji. ftlnu-nitl llalian kflr. 
nu Imm tl Milan !□ 1 710. In bar nlalb ]rau 10* 
t|viD IjiUd u^ib OJnvoUtCBh ftod tJio liB^rcfi?^ «« 
un>i«u in 1I119 bof ni^et in wUcb abe mbiUliwd 
that tb« vtudy of ita ftnoiant Unguiifta hw w opw 
ffv fdDhlH- Hiia ■mlifm «u ]VinUi1 at Thliinn ia 
17V7. I" hrrrln'mntb Tr^iT thi* in u^iit ti ]m%K ■|iAik«n 
Gnek aa Tlufolly lu h^r iTj'i[Jji?r toM^^ih?. 4Ll9 uov 

piWCcdlHl tu |."?lfruL UrCvrlf ijl tllL' Ul'viIlUll luikfUBIfa^ 

next Rbtlied garanetrf and ■[loaDUti^c iihUoaopb^r. 
IZ«r hi^itrr fnatomi m- tn^n <if li«ming[, by iMmetit- 
HiiiZ oz hi* hoDfr al certain ilirm Intnnl fivivUH. 
Ln whtdi Muto pm|vianl mil ilrfrrirfnl phlloacphioJ 
ihisrt. Ttiii PctMJa&t do Bnnan wavri^ bi btt 
/>^Tffn DO Ifiihj, thai notbiDc nui b* Inuoinnl nttn 
ilvlLjfhtful lliae Iboa* oonvatikiE'-iK «^lb ono of Aa 

CUlaal >ad nut lowoad fTiua]f4 'if Hit tinw. 1b 
awaotiatfa yau th» apvaain to h&^o br«rino lipad 
»t tfaait «wUCa dbputauom, amna nf wEiii'l] waiv 
■ftanvuda poUlahed bv hfi fikthirrp uii-lrv Uui liUo«i 
/Vijiun'Jfmff /VrfvawAtOff i?dI1wi, 175^). Mailbnn^ 
tki iio« «rtlrv4fld tmatUnl^on, >Jid *hc ojfnpoael 
a lTTkti«0 iin (vjtbio hHediiii; bnidta wliiFh, in biT 
thiT-iifUi j#*r Mhi* imbliiilwi! ■ Imilu* ^n Uii* mili- 
eiithU nf aiuU^rli^ uhich h>u< l»ffi mtm^il'^rvil » Ibr 
bfft iBb^OflWrD ia liula'a mjrk»« and »*■ (raut- 
Uk4 bio El^Utb b leOl, by Ibe Itor John CoU^ 
tmiftavr of ttMbcnwIIca a« CaDibriiIg& II nlo»l 
bar « muoh nMtfttidn, lb»t abv vta wiatinad, Ii 
htrr thirty BKianltnBr, |nDf*nb» of mauiciMilM M 
tbi^ oohroral^ of Do|n^*« »a aurocttdr lu bar fatW, 
who trti voiaptuUAl 1^ Dl bnll^ to dkaeonllDM hk 
IsolBna, Bo* doep vtud^ of lUa adoaea accna in 
barowalB|lo«Biofwbatnirili. Ebaaadodod bimJf 
>JtfiS*th«- hvn VDdaljrH Miiad (o Iha atrfct ot^ar <f 
blrw n!iiH, and fliiMl in bar *iirbti^.linil f**r, 17M. 
Btf alilrr. UarlB Tharw. ael to imHta ivrvnl caa- 
tdilAa, aud njiiiiMJKd tlw Ibrc* owra*, ^^'pAsniaW, 
Virv 10 Jrnmu^ mtd .ViIatV, wUvk wtou tanoraUf 
raenitod. 

AciKOvr^H LU annoikt I^mq*; % nano at Halbat 
irkfrn 10 a (*<r»nt] l»y way of praiw «r rilapmbi^ w 
from ■sua murkablt tT«( In hla hdtlory. Batk 
LWOKa ranuunol paeoliar tf Ibc pmrii. oud J&d V4 
diaonid tc Ub iBnjfr Tbii* mw of tlLe >vipn a^ 
taiafd iba A- of J/nr^itiw, juirptlvr cj ^naf^m«t 
ffOiB tbftr BohiavattiMito in Aah abd Afii«. Thm 
UcnanAoAav bad Udbb oknua bnlda tha A.l th* 
pf^wimtnt cofWipoBJhg to w tSoMlHi namtv dia- 



k 



AGSrS DE|--AGtCAHUK LAW^ 



5D 



Iba inKiUad from alkm of it« tuav 
thfl A., (jf. JfririH^ C^cMiilart Oer^imitta. ftc, mu 



fnjw cf lbs Ihtuuib Lliu^p bc«(iyilii£ vllk ihe 
WtMM Jjfiw* XlM^ MHCftOy MDC Wore iLic ix>m' 
nonlm, ud Ao«cifdifi|E ta lb* fii(uUlii>n of P'>pc 
Sagtui £. In 5^», M \k» iloH of Ui* una. ti, A 
nonil |iiiHV nf ^nu (MmvUmn* nl mlvpr nr i^lrl). i^n 
■Iddi 1) ImpfoMil iliD dpao of ifao iutkI LioaU 
wUh Ikfl Imcr o( tin irro*^ uc «t 81. Jcdoi, wi(b ibv 
jmr amd bum dT tlw popo- 1^ fvpe cnwccntat 
«Dd diBEribt^A jh t^rvAt numW oC unn- It wan on- 
«iii4Jly <xiaUdrut3r m ike ctiiirchoa nC RAin* to dartii- 

m KitTT fffi^ 111 *(E»1J pIfOH aiaoas :lie pG)0|Jc. 
Hb* buucd ibrtU ■> huQir, AS mi ftuli'iiili: hv^>*^ 
flD liiadiof UkUfurtuiK- I'ul wlicu ihc uumWi r.f 
HffiouiM boouat liw Inr^ tti tu iJl iftt^od, td-i 
MiMv aiptdHBt wju kdopeaiit. A- U M «]«i tha 
■^Mof vat pMUonoI thrtiujM irbkliiB lntri>ln'<ed 
b IhttBft CmIkJIq obimbc* n^ ilo dbUtUiUtia oT 

ibft^Mft. 

Aoovii, aaotDE |>vipl« Inbaljitinf thfh hiyhlAQiU 
«f Ab]«aniap had )<T<3l»Ahly tlip nl>nncinfcl ir\bAbttwlU 

ODdUion, Knua tin: Amlura LliEy an lUrtio^bfaiiri 
by lhar peenUuv tmrub, Kvliursl Luif iui(<; uitl E>v a 
bad <tf UBOjbip Ihab ifrvruli amcmj: thvm, trbich ii 
WikDOwv to tha Qthvr inbtbtUiila «f Iho Abynnaljui 
Wghlmdft, hut u foutt'l vntm|E thv Ltftlln Mdh, in 
tdifloop «A(I inuLrrixn tb«/ munbla tbc Am- 



A^BA. or AAkHiX&ljmitdtjof iIin(toBt*ii,«(>iu1 
fif llwXottb-wcvt PtVtiiMHv nui of * ptotlnw oi tlie 

MBtkkmo on Uko vfdil hukol tka Junuu, 719 n^la 
f»EU by nli) \V.ti .W^ CkXcniX^ M ual. of it » now 
Riiniiii*. liiU ft Alill mtiuDii iml \ littlt" nf lU nfiginjkl 
^dmukiur «iiil hu iDnny udpnl ldiI luf Ct KLrmtuiiai. 
MDoii£ vfairh iJtD moat otltbnted vo bbo krapepl&l 
pltpfpff, btiUt ^T the Snperor Aibur. tbc MuU* 
jId*)«u1. « foul M«qifD, Iha m«iiuu flollod eIlc 
Jviniu iiin)9tft\, uie3, kiiora rM. thv Tij Mii^itAl. ■■ 
mMueiJ'um fif lhi> I7tli cv]itiirt» hiiilt hy ili<- Kmi-^Ar 
Shob Jf^iiUi to blj fATouril« i|Uovii. It Is bitUt of 
vbilc biiubler, aUuiudJ LLauu;^liuLit ivitb cjniudik: 
ttOBfiC^ ■aimnDOuiitpCtlbT taJ] uLmtrcka At ilv uitliaii 
^m1 a lofty ikrao ia it* «<mir«^ II u turmnndcxi hj 

■StrU^uT 'i'hrri'ajw h^TPnUn a Iivu1utiii?<'hnmh, iwo 
pUrcA of vnnLj[> for I( L'athoUc^ aad ant (or t\k\t- 

IbnttDADt'pivomcv, uni tUc ^TGnuDont officn, 
Cottva uii aUt BVB impoflBnt artutw of wmocm* 
bifag HTit dovD lb* JuauK in Urn* qiuuttitin. The 
Cert !■ Ivgv. uid rtmnglr bufit ii rM vhmlrtont- 
l>ariaf tba fnat irmltnr dm K^^ri^ii.-n'kit ntirn furvtil 
to Brtf^t (o lb, umI ilafvJidnl ihviEiH'lvTn wiLli |-rnht 
■lUaatnr till tlnj vpt>i r*]>rTDr1, Af;r» is vcDtrALf^I 
PJ *ht itbldiw* U (bo bvthlilacA nf thr aiKth AvJtliLr, 
<r lacviBUoB of VUbuu. PoiMjIntimi^ nlvitit ''U^<>'i. 
TbA povtnca 1^ A-^ una nf the aii iicirtfi-irraij^n] 

tKHtMihat], Mlii|>o<'r'*s aik] KtAviali, wkh a Ictihl ami 
of Iib0at9t^i)4>i-|. mlk*. aji^ 4pr»p»latknnH-if 4,;t7]E,rA4t, 
b m ntord by the (jad|;4«i JumiiAt arJ Chmikbiil, 
Ha djAtri(4 ul A. hjid Kb fe»h ^rf iStiJ b<|. itiiIch, uml 
BpBfaluinn nf l,nOV,ono 

AibuUjiv l-A^^; la'A'n r-niirtiiti In anri"nt Ronifi 
tat lbs d1ilaIi»Ti vi imjIiUl] l^ikk^d. IVLt^huhr I1A0 u- 
Wttinrtij tbavn taaC (luv? Ltwis uhicJi tvure an 
l««( eonwkrwi In llu li^lit uF uiijunt AtlAcki 40 



ivlnte ivonnj, bad for ihdr <ibj«ct ontr Ihe itl»- 
Inlutitja DC luid* wbkb 7*tn lb* pruiKrtT <' tbv 
AlAlCk KiJ lb«l Uh InoUn 10 vbkb ibej fivro rile 
varvo«uong«l by tb*«pfUflkioB<if pflnoiui wbabftd 
viUmI nn lbs* UfMU ^ibivt fiATiBg vqblral m>y 
tillr v> (btfp. ThiH kfti «f Iba KoiHiii irur* jd 
lailjidUljr a-mflei«il bIi^ Ibdr Qflbuu uf «atoUlfb- 
liti c^tiiiiB* iu 1L0 dk&cal Hrt* of Uin lofrilDEiei^ 
llijbl, Id A-ClAin ft pvopAr pnjmtjuidmg oJ tbou, il u 
HffOiMUfj if Ijcvtaur a moiavni'i ODiiiiTanit]''n mi tbit 
Knt'^rn ,\<mrrfin]£ tct Ihnrkyiiri* uf f J ji,ri<iiniJUtf H, 
iJitlr pUn of KDrliEig out ooIooMil or ic ttkn. bqpoi 
BA cvly ■» (be Ubb uf Kmniliii^ vboKvucnlly fdntl 
eukiuiAlo froia tlio oty uf Hmfl on tbt IkliIa wiqi m 
wur. Tliff «mi4 poUor iru |iuiiB«d bf tLi klnp i«hn 
h<vavl«d hbn; jlHi^ vhfua Um kngi nor* *t|ii>npil« 
tt «r*A Atill nnlvifllQfrl ^y tli'* wimt* mrl ih'' |«ikp]i> 
undrrtho Republic llicrn wsrcicrDml rauons In- 

[blL-I|^ Ibc KUKUUI |^¥<RII]lEtLt W {■LJ|-tU« l|jU |niliL-T, 

""liiob vru oobtinuid for a low parind lA-itTiiJut tmy 
iblumuMWh j Ivvl, to h*r« k <tiff<k upon t1^ Mfi' 
'P^nH] iun|J*^ Htviitdk. tf^ hAto A ptvtwtkn (i^«iBM 
tVlDnuniorHfirnn i-nrmy: tlimlly.taAQffiMnttMr 
po]>ulatJtiu; tuuriUy. tu tm ilio vliy 1^ fbuD* frou 
«a cLw* i-r iiduJ-ilLjtfitA; rdthly. tu (jutt HdilLKv; 
mad, mUXyr U* tvwArU tliHr wtcoa Kddior. TH«a« 
rMB»ixi AbimcJflntly opp*!' in mII Um l^cnt miLdiciit 
imthdnliiw, Jn Uw IbUt ptrlndt ^ U>* i<q>atillo ■ 
pr1nDf]>ftt iDofln for «lAl^liin^ colonW mt to bh^v 
tbv mmiat of dJipuitliif uf imltlEKA, aiid rvwuUiUf Hmm 
wlbb di^iutuprij uf Uidi djuI lucb njlouM kbits ■>a 
thJK a«<3unt. <toQDiDi]i«t«J niiitvy »hitiin- Ncmjt. 
for vhiohovcr of thHc cujho a nkoy mu W la 
cfti>bbib«d. It vtm niifirj tbftt hom l&ir »fp«otfai{( 
it ihciiH ba piuaricl, lithflr liy tha ■lOiM* or pfAplc: 
whidi hk\t, ill |iEiih«r cho, wha ctllml ii^r dif/rurtu. vi 
A^iiMinik kw, wlJtb will now b» ntiiUi^j^iI,— An 
■^mnui l&w omtuxd wloiu proviuov; it d*- 
MKbad tbo land whlfih itm to be dltld»d» $ad tfao 
alikBoA of poi^o mopnxiff wbuui, »id tbpir numban; 
arirl by whimi, duel in whi^t nuauT, uvl liy itbHt 
bi^undfi. tbt* tcrritiiry wh to b* panvUn) imb. IImp 
nio(l« uf dltlJLiLL' iliv tutrit, AB (at « wo iii>w uijilnr- 
ilAnd !l. wu tvv^ifinLL (ilhn n Uouwk popubtitkMl 
^^AH ■Jlk^thhulihl uvcF ihu inrlioulAr l#rri1ory, ffiUwut 
jiiiy fnniiiL] TivntMKj ipf A iinljuiy, or jfonarrJ /tahU of 
Intiit* wiTr' miult- (n Hi]r>i I'dltjuitm u urm williii; tn 
frno ft onlon.v itifn. Tht Lwilf vIncJi wvn ifaiTa 
liifltriUitril Mimr iif Oillcirjjt Jn^JiiyibLOiu; wbk'^ ^u 
(DUAt kiwpiji miLLiJ, iEiorUdF lu liAvc A }ii>| nuiCEpltuU 
of tbi» opctaiioft of tW B^TBjiui Uw*, Thoy wvT» 
-itheT HnA* uLr<ii frmn nii I'lu-my, »nH iml ftdliihtly 
trvinl"! hv thu irnTcmnirnt w fPuMtfi pmpflity, ir 
[uiilit vhiL^h wuru n.vitnj«] und otvuiijud by Ibo 
lUiiiuti j«upl« Ml i<ii1>U(' (iriitiDjtv, "I fiu^'U'J iMiiio 
nhich hu beau ftrtfullj Mkd dAiidc«biiid.y bakoD pi*- 
■HaiiMi nf hy Jtah and pni^'i^rfiil Lnlmdiinb; t-r. 1a*11v. 
Innfl* ivttifb VifK Ijrtiijjht vilh irviTicy fhitn lli» pulifk 
trr-fwiiry. Inr thp pi]rj>ft*i' iif iK'ln^ rlUtrilnft'^H Xliw, 
b]1 AuiJi ■■u'n^luii liiw* lU tMui|j|cbLi]<lwl <;ltlivr lAUh 
ipf tUu viiviiHi IT lijcMr Hfliidi ittn.' inotpJ aijJ occu- 
pinl 4« public iflopfTtty, If ihi^t^ wliidi ImJ l.(*t» 
itnii^bl M'ilh thn |ii]btjci motley, wurw tarrisd luti* 
'■rt'icr; witlifiiil. any |tiili|]f rkiniiiin1-Litii.M ; Imti Lbii** 
w'hicli LhEiOPut^il til il^wrtiib ihr n^tiilmt xtnl piiwrrfiil 
diimji* la tlur lUHtHiu]) uf Llic looilt vLbli limy irii- 
jiivtJy Qtfcu|Ma,ujd k> \Amw tuEvubl* fur •enJcn'i ipu 
tbrtn, vrvr* uvvor ptcmml^t^J wLtlumt arvtii'in^ grati 
dlBtiubonciv, 'Hid fimc Intr 'if tbi* kir^i] ivn# jt^^ 
p4tDii ]>y 4^piinui» l.^iAviiLii' Alt'] T-hp taini* iTif'kAun^ wiH 
fiArtTWirtlii itiemptcd b> tUa tritujia of ihn [iciipl* 
Viiiidl liscry ytmr. bet ivni u* (uihlaiilly iIi'Tuau:!] try 
wii>nJi iutinc«« of Lb«i ncjblcv; It "nv, lioncTit-. nl. 
Idgirt.h fdwcd. It ft|jp<4nit l^'tb from Dionvjiv* ui<i 
VftfTo (<J' F* Hiaaiim^ Mb. }), ih*\ at ftint/lCraunlid 




•ttoiU*! t*a J»iym falioub cm uid a t*nrth mm) aI 
pdMfc Urult la r\trh iriLhr lliHi Kuma dMdt^ Ih* 
It'T* ^liicli ItuiTiiiEiik I]:i>l ijulita in u^ir, iilirl tUu ik 

Srliflu ii' lh*i "Ihft [t:iM[p lamlK: irirrvuriln TuU"> 
mM [Jsnv Ivndf vJinti B'lritiOin hui) Ni:ijkji Lwl 
«|lprnHUit«t] tn ihe |TLi*tr vipt^iiM^ of tlt« ttcaI 
«flaliQihirini(; Ihta fterriu* diitribHiei *iuoii|- ibw 
»ho lubt necBtljr b*«iQ4 dlimift oartaia Uuda vhiih 

Titfililtnti; unil, np'ii tlui fii[iii!iiitin nf l^m k^iu«- If 
^iiiWBth*; tlji^ tMi^l«>if TAnjiili) tlin I'rni^il, villi Lhu 

itf tfuH er«B(« ut iDAal un kbpovT/ U ngftrrM u 

lutltHu v«ti niibtit at a vrrj K*t\y iIaIa, 

As tiM KvpuiilJti. by m<juu<if dt cnntfrnrt? uar^ 
rsoeJTcd MDiinudJ ucmioiu uf t^^uijurrrtl LunfA. 
tJiHf Jhud' «i^fc ciUior divtiE^al by Dijinbivltf 91 n- 
ka&iEiOii pultlic [irnpurly until iho panod wbtn S$pii> 
riu* fuvaiip^ tuviilyfoiir yt*n Aft*T UtD #ipuUirin nt 
ih« Ll(is>. prnptwil t lav (alraaflj m*nt]i'[i~1 1 liy 
vLkh iiiip.' Mrt nf tlw Uud taken Iran ttit lli-^rui^'^ 
iru *Uonai (oi]ir> LMiai, bn-l tW^lW |Mrl to ibc 
|£«irun pMpl«: Imx u Oiji Uw vraipiiihDnilnt nr 
Cfcju laruu vhich Iw aoouvad pTiiHla jwrn'inii if [vviii|f 
t^favTi ffficn tin» f TiJilir^ inrj *■ ihr. wriiu* iiUn r>[^HX>ir4 
biSk lu mitlit rirtt nn-nmplliL tll^ pnM^jfnf H. Thltn 
PT'^^IHe ^'f l'l*>' ^'0* [^f^ Ilril llfUlPMlJ of AH hj^Tik' 
t^Afi Lkv; ol wUiiii bit bill*, iiuufic ivrisvvar pr<'|'4«L*rl, 
^(tn 10 ika ixirvxl of tiu ivmcnibrAniii?, %vitli4><jt 
viry [TdAl puhLa iHiuiniotLatiB. Ihnnjvm* inFcimii tu, 
fnrtlvr, llml thit ptilih^i Itii'L ht Ihn n.-|;l]^-Tm> nf 
thii mier^virvln., hbl btr^n mi^rml i/i fftil lUbi the 
HJj f pjji uf rii'li uiaiL. tniL lIiaI. iii>iitili'iftA(iilLiik' thl*. 
d ilLvuiori uf iJiD Und' wmjil lufcvg Ltknn flfc** mi'ltf 
4^ Ihw if Cvaiuii Uui ncit ittclufCoiH Afnt-c^ tba m 
^tvn nf th» lioiiiil^ Lh* I^(in« uact Hf^miri, whrnii 
In hul but m liKJ" whifu h«|i>rT< nLAflt) cittfXTiB. Ah'v 
wuh dabJiU ia ll» iutiai* divhi thin mbjc^ k Ucioiic 
vMpavBtl lattwlullimlnf «nWL. Ibkiuimiiiinujiiirx 
«dl«d rflfcnHvnh *mK)iiiioi from Binona Ihn |Ht>niiB 
«f VAntulir nak, uanli] nHirk out bj l>oaii<tihKi?4 ttiv 
pnUle Ikadj^ ud iltould dviif^itto hov luor^li aftuiilrl 
1i?lr*1 nm<an<]hrtw taiEctiflviTtUlmlEiLnlrutDi] Aintn^* 

T|id/«d ]ff jamX MTTicn ia «ja. it ihodJ U i|i«Hvl* 
MootdSu «» Irattj-k with blioH *1liM wki hud bv*a 
•dairtai U «ii»Mahipj m>1 ibai tlw «l»i«t<^t Um 

fVatTnUonm. tb« ihppoKi«im«nt «tf tfa* Uuda. «lirj 
nil QthrT ihjnpv n<l>ttn^ lo |Ut tobJaH, ahniilil be 
cmniEiiUcat Ia llie ciituuh. 

£j| ibfl tfuiirvof ■atmitcnn na-m nflvr tiiU tlioti 

tfi» Mbvim lin|>«nd tn Biakt vf luib tbtu imjuntly 
AdngsM b^ ihd ffrik mtii; unl Un* ^«*n «fUr tlmt, 
& nmlUv ktmniit on ibt ;dft of tfao triTtiiiH KruuM, 
■ ^poi ^ ft^ li> l<Lvjr. }tiiH pnajkiinl m CrciHinmi nitfltri- 
imr. Loij il ani Imn /'>r ibv ivLJtviii of Quiobit 
Fftthu*. Somf Tt«n «fhtr ihi* lb« nribuBv prnyid 
MioilifT Iaw »f Lk« Hiac tXa^^ hv vhltb Ui« nUlh nf 
Ik fputt part i^F lliii nolilp* w^nil'1 h^i* bwR HifcHl to 
tlia rnitilii] iw: itiil II wsa iL'ipiH'L in iU pn^^rnM 

\if RUbif pcMBflilon of ihc public Uokli i»irtty bv 
iuybf ««» Ifao «bim of buJiwfii ownm, bbl inhl« 
iMBivLw arttmt of «11 til* Wida in lulj, ko4 b*d 
Ibav bf J ■!*■■■. iLA«anp1i4#| III! iirtnfiVKl t4 tb* 
AHmCMn j^^ffl* frniH tbtur piwivAvu 'Vhu jilniv 
i Um i to ipd TilvrliH tinccliTu U* n*U* iht Lli:lnUD 
lw», *«1ik|| prvhlliilcd »vy £ii<li«ii1ujil fmia buldlLbi* 
Sdro ibAa W) Jtagrru. w *>niiri 3iO Ufr* <if Uicf; 
■04 wn^, wtuvpntfitljT) fDoipBl Ih* o^nM^ U n- 
bv]«itk Ml 111* *tur|il«t la tW luv if th* pithlk; biit 
Uiugbna |W|i n iJ Ual (W ovam a>-i1d 1« piid 



Cia voIuD o| tlif Innda rrJinf^iiinhfiT. Thi law, hrnr- 
(hvtt, ftM vni optnUtAWiy pi«( o^unt, nnd, afi^v 
hiivrrig wnt Ihf Cirwlit IbtiJr Jnw^ «« l>y ^^^^rfwi 
rmdi'rnlwbuIlylmipcnuJw. Afh^lliinpolwlsirtoim 
iillitir ii,vnirjtiii Uwi nvcin >tiiimp^t, jeiuJ aiJj vuj- 

in<<kivn« ud tbr i^mpffrof iho timta in wHoh tbojr 
vivro pnpAK<l. rt>iA.>r th»mf«ti«iia^ftU*vu thvt 
nf KuIIuIh which nm ofOilnb |o the ctlilmtal 

(inrian utiUniip hbci hj Clotrc^ vlui ptovftUed upon 
I3jg pHfupEn Ui ivjtut llic litw,— PrsoJ a urvTvl A'a- 
■•JtWrAiinn of tluM» UiVH^ vi4 th« othnr* of t^ i^id* 
kiml i>ii ntiit^ ^v Tiavo Tii4 cninin«ntcTJj it iiA|^«KFtit 
dul th« Aul^ tial'jK'U <if lljo HdUfen A^fn^bu luao 
VnVlfi* liiidt tHrEcifj^iiH lolb^tUlD^lbr pu[i/i'?U'uls 
or iHCfuTml diiquiiiuL wliirli,mi Jiln'uly <il)wrvac].waw 
w^t^iirvU \'\ ciirii]i[(«l tirtmnty- urid wa iiiny idd fJm 
bvonnHpTAtiini'i crrilirnct f^ifi^iT** <-f phv4i«' rvlAUr* bf 
HlfTrrvD; Ftoti^HCk oHLvr for k^'fnl <-r i}tilhwf ul »uiai; 
'.■^ tht Ivlof which wo hai« t wvU-kntkum 4>aufjd* 
in fJia Umocf SylU^i jhTr*fnprtr.n>. Triu \AiuU ifau* 
d^iinjcvt by ilia pill I lii^ |i^em.iilc^ iti^ttEnlly n aibji-it pI 
ctUiulio ipfculattrpn »nh tbi> vivalUiy <«|»]UltvK 
^^h rnii'Trf: '^r tirHt nirl TthfTii]aTB Inoomn 
liiu« w lj*vo «f<<n. lioi^ni; llw Rovolotioii £ii PmiH* 
thf coufiHtJitiun of Ilia IiikIu fi«[i*it^iug li Uui ifldrB?, 
tlm itfkliihij, ni:<\ fTi.Ji^DlH. ]frui l^f aiiritliLr nwiTU. 
tTLK i%U« anrl inirtliJifim al UdiJb by Tiniw of tbo 
p^^nuiui Uuvor K'lQip. uirdtf IfaavutDiucoOipUoiiUid 
bin'uiLi>t*Ao» ^'hich uuM tttt oii>l Ln ■uw OMO*, 
oijJ ihu MMnMa brlbv^wniiiiHl lu »■■»»««»■ 
gnitt iu<!|; lU nd ba*n mI-I. <*licihcT by ri^bt er by 
vrnnQf, nparjidiy uStmr * jmrrhiaar hxd hw^i 1nn|f in 
pcwnlon. uwJer a titla trhloh hv tup]H>vd \hn nUi- 
iiik' Iakb ■*»'« hba, iiBlffTHll> tYVAJiivLinl i^jub 1ih4 
«jj HifiUtitMi ; tbt; iiibjnl ib^^lf Licm^ j'b1ni]*a«dl]y 
ona vf jfTCAl difficoltj', i<V4]|i v-lica tbt |if iou uvl 
mEiTvilaof til* pirliM (ytriivm*^ tvoulit |wniiitBTttlm 
nnd drbfip<r4lo "iminialiiiri nf EbcJr pi^ap'rtlw* r^lfti. 
From the oomiriotlciTui uuKi] by « jiropval of 
■lEnuUn Uwn, ud frvm a wiuit vf tuiuA Miteiitii>n Ia 
lii^ tnto c]biE«t» tbno had looif ht*n « cT>n«ml iiD' 
|iri«jiii^ii, mnoik^ n«<l(dii «f iLr^ Hoioftn h«*V^Fy, thM 
thoic ln™» ^*i* iiirtuji a iliivc't jhiiI »ii"p)tiil Itiftin^^ 
Tiipftt nl th^ngbuof piliftio proprnj. Hvttt iiirfc 
nwn, it h»* U-*cri tilvcrvul, u M iu<hlh\HlH, Mcmlm* 
qtiipu, uiii Admii J^mitlj, liaw «liibriiJ in ;hM miHoO' 

OrpliAft of UlOTll, Thi- rtTflllCOM <i|il|IKiTf, bofiv*^', 

*«d flOliaffdtDriiy pipiuHl bv tkn ci>aioB uxnl k^minf 
of N1«babr. in liia JfffMta iiiaU'r^i, « *uphV aIiI^ ntii} 

h# Mid in ITlfekS ATI 'lO til thHl ilApArtiutiil <>f LHiril' 

iripH 3Liiil ill Hlddj bn tian 'hurry >hii>m tlyii ihr 
ftn^ijm) Mill ^q-'^ffUMi'i c»t>}i^<'L i^f ill" nfjivjlwi Lanvh^f 
Lbi> lil^Lii^Jii^inn vf \}i* f'hfU l*Qdt >'m[.^. hud ui'l 
ihi-^ cJ iirivaU ititJi^.'ai. Of iho Jrfuiriiui Uw, 
«iiioLvfl Blout V\fi ur. ifL ulii'.^li all aiLbiH^Eiabl 
9^-ruun InVi licrTv nKulfllrvl, XidtiiitL'*iiiiia*rAUH th« 
fnllowin^ ak ainnii^' thu cbiirf prnrivjaht; I. Tb« 
limit* id the puMii Lniid vhall be Hvuialcly drflDed. 
rortima «f it wriich hkrt boui «fiaooDh«4 Ofi bf liw 
dlvitliAl^ •hhll U nwhind lo ibe %\^^. If. Brtrj 
nalol* in IbB ptibit? Ub-I, not givalr tbui ibi« Uw 
allinvi^ wblnh hM ni>E bran nrqoirwl I7 nrl^br^or 
fniidanLl "nliirh inHfttnti InMffh bIuIII* fOOd •^InM 
«iv tLiril |>fT>iFU. H, Kvcry Komui ^Ittm bImU W 

fjublie kad, <Akbih ^ Gmita ptnriiI-4^ L^y tbl* Uw. 
|ir.>ii(l*-| ifup Iflikl b* nnt 4ividr-i by !■» amav;^ lb* 
olivpiia, niir pmHtnl to b folnny. I >o tmv ^hall 
iviiipy oF iTiv publli: Imif] iLon* ihin nf« lumilrad 
i»^r^ nor |iMtiu«ofi Ibv piibllimmnHniB ni'im tban 
a lioiidnl baad of Um. ri'«r uixm tlubt A<* biiudrtd 
bM*lof aaaU tlo?k^ X. TlLf-4 *ha vwun Ui* paUia 
luid alull »y Ir> UiB kW* tha tJfhfoF tW M^Iuh tf 
lint Aald^ flw €fUi nf thn ptkldo* af tha fnallw IMt 



AGniCOLA^ACniCrLTUKE. 



61 



» 



i^ Tlttflj««H» ami ^rnvry hmd af brj* Mank,— ftnd 
irfftvtry hrt^ ^1 imAll abkck, — trsrlv, A, 'Vhi- [iiihlin 
llndi aEllU bfl loniiei] by xha dODJort id thono wnilnj; 
In lak* iIbul uu Uj»« Loimsk. Ttta fu^nJB Utulv 
niidBr VD ta Lc Bp^liv<l ti> fuv tbu iH:'iuy,--ThD 

vUnu of xht lAvinl\fi lan^ anil, itur iU immMnitp 
^kH« U prcTirlct tlul nJI the pulillc Uml rxviinW 
t^y in4t(v]iliuil>v "VcK jIvu liiriiiirul jUf/cru. ilLtJiilii ino 
■iiviilij Eiv lot tn pi^iljiiLd uf Mcvcu juf^CTa U* iha 

AOMIiyjl-/, Okeiiin Jn.irm, IWad from 4.L1 !E7 I>> 
0)1 alt«aBii oonml iinilpr ihn KmiHTrr V««pukLn, 
Mvl lanmoF tn Briula, th^mBbvr p&Ft<^f w]>ioh he 
nddisri to On ilanilnEufi uf Kurno : US»Atbgui>Jjii! 41 
a Tm^niui on*! immiEnJ. tlin lifo (of L& ytu». vk- 

1^ bJ* iO&Jii-Jiiv, tbo f uiiout 'raciUw, who hnlilt hiia 
up vui «i»mr3*of vMkl^. TIiLi Itfu irf A,, Jh wWi- 
Hon to iti unlaacfe u a pincMcf Mn^rapliy, uimiatiiJi 
Wmitftiiju nlUi riflvanl to Lbv xtAM ttf iViLun iu tLv 
llfii fcniuiy ^(ot Cbri^i, vhioJi ponnH* irroat jo- 
tcnrt Tut ibo JirtLLal^ fttiliquiirlAD, Afrbulawu b«Ri 
flii If'oruiEi Jutii (ui>4 Ffi^Jut LiL PnivabM), tboJ vu 
titff >nr9 iif JuUiL* fiTvoniiiL « MnxV^r imC Ut J>ui>i 
Uhifatf l^'alifiiTn Ifp aiimiil IJh fir«t aUMukl^n Ui 
Brlula Ln 'fM» hml bft^i nmiu^^ in A*iib Miuor uhil 
«ipi3L In iSriloiii, kuJ pn Turning; Ai|uLt-hm» u* pi-rf-tt-t 
Cor tAavBjmy, \m ^f nuiiei] to tim ooiuulhUip in TTi 
ABd Mat nar w*Ht to BriEiua uv ^wrmr. A- ^u 
IbiklmillA ItArriiin i^xTitnl nhii liiul fhurii m Tiiit^iii, 
boc vu :h« uiilyoDt who vtlkituiLllj niEtKluw) li; ntd 
lUs out lui'rc by hiv 4*iD«uiEUiUkk' luniutry rikiJ lLuji 

LV Ilia U>A*t«Tlr JwllH^V JA KCiMltiUuiE tLd 1Irit<il|ll lu 

Uie KoiLOA T(»ha, TUu b* did t>y to^liing iboni Hu 
■rU tnii hi«jrim uf i^iviHiuilifin, l#> tcittL" m t^nivn", 
uiri In kinllil Ainifflrttfi^' hmivi* \wn'\ vpWrlUI ciiijitM- 
UftBlaikeU^mtAl jui L^dLiOiLtLiiiibl ijpuiii fur thc^una 
td ibr Brituh ttlucJn, win* Ei'inUv iri]ut<U>l LitLiii m 
thnr UniEoan ukI the tnin lui t]i«:ir drau, Ita hii 
MiWtb Uld UKt i3anipu£ii i-i,lN N<t A. caii>od nbtiro 
piSMlkmi^ tliv miinttf v far u Ii« hnA |H>n0trnt«<l^ 

CTnlcr Uuu- yviuinl Clitlffuc-iu. lil mnue (il»ce luJli^d l<y 
Tadtuh Mvi\' fh'\iininvi fUii: Omuipba jiiouului^, 
^^ dfAlJi of tliiK il|Lijtrii}iL» k'^nnral t<MdLlm?c;hVif«i 
4V bAi4f*ikfd I'j thfk mji'inHH nf thi> j«nth>uA iyrant 

AM lia VLB kiilliv.l l<y Ifi-rnifiMi. 

A'DUcni'-l. -f"ils, pRijJiylv Si'/*nitltr. tlti aon irf a 
lallnT HE F,i>I«6<Tn, wm lurri in Ht^^, ad(I aJ]«4. fmni 
Ibi noliwa <itiv. rn'uto' uf HUfr^m \mttyiiitiT /flfr^Md), 
aLo /qAji KvW'fp. llf 'v-\* ottf:* i\f tho ruovl Htho 
HBtthif Uii? Ihi'iilf.Hiinr^a i^lin pr<>Tt«i;ntti^ tho diM^tTin«« 

vathlLiiwnnUnicUiruii] pivh^ltiir in hi* n\tiv<: itity, 
■mJ ill ]''.^s AL til* ilirtb of ^pirtn. i^itikplibii ilF ilici 
ElKt^ JoliQ if Skinny. He iLibArawntly bomiw 
«Ji>plf«ft V> L'fXiaE Alljcui, i>f ManiftitLiJ, uid took a 
pirl ia ill* iJaU^'Vfy M ihv CofifflMilai at AD^burnf. 

uglcPBnr u ^itl«uil«rr. wJjiliwr bv went m ].')^7, 
Uitirnduptbif AAtia4ttiEuoaBlruTvnj"il.1i LuthtH 
«Nd JdobiudioiL (Sc* Aitt^vntiani*iii\, Tl* ofM^ 
vuiU H^r*! at Uurliii. whtn bodipd Iq Mi<f6, tdtat 
m lifa a| taiitnivimy- Bivdrlv* lii^ lhi>rili^CAl wikrk:^, 
bp nnpaBwl k •rnrCr fix|iluiiin^ thu nrjininnn r>tiiiLiLTi 
]piK«bL Iu p^brlniic «[ilritHlhi ttrim iu<>raiitj. ailiI 
fMlj rtyl^ plA« it i^puixtif th? I^ml Gemui |ji\tA? 

COVlpdBrtiMH of llw tiuur, *t tliri Al'IVL-kf l^Vltllbl's trihTW 
fa'flf cff iba BiliU. Ill 4!0ilJliudIluii wiiL JuLiii* I'tiii^ 
a«l Bditbaul HiiULiiiyEiit bit (utii|VJtoiL the fuimiui 
/■Ann. 



in iiK^ a muintr u Ia ciaiw it to produ«h Id tbft 
(^Hir^t p]4inr.y an'l |yrf'''r.i»tn, T'hniA t wttabla wtlEOh 
iirt utefuJ 111 Rion, luiit lo ihi; fliiLnukU nbidi hA hu 
■LiLijtictal Iu liiJi il(imim4>]i. TI^ih ruL in iLiif iMnliDf 
aU athev JLTfit. ani in nU rouiktriu i-j^voI vhJi the 
(inl J»waoFrmLi»tLab, WlihEJuC rtfiitiuJtor*. iiiah- 
kiJi'l tfoiilj) b* vivai^ii, tJiiuIy •i7&tU<rf<l tljfhuuli Id' 
l^nnliiililfl fi^malt. nitli no --AhcT hikh\tA.iiiMn tliui 
UiVHTi* hulliJW licts ur bulu, limn-' rudti *ii*l hinnn- 
vutiiuul Lliiiii LUd iijDxl iidlij^Jtrv huftil uj' laltLf^clmt 
of tUa mciltTm ciiHivHtnr. tl in tlv nvMt unWvr>*l 
u ataII V llu nurpit &ii'i<<Dt of ttl^ nrU. mid uuilIijTp 
B UrE» part 4>r tlir ji-'piilotioii '1I thiimtwvry nvilinl 
rrtrnmuiMly — Ajirleijlluiv it not viily iiuliMiriiimabjo 
tu uitit-uild iiTriii^iuily, iut li uuLltiuully cmiiuiLdvi* U> 
tUo wlfam ct (limv wbu *r* «ii^i4^ iu il, Ii ulttM 
bvA^th to tha body, UMisy to tba mbJ, k f iki m^f ^SJir 
t« virtnaat and t«inparat« lioblu, And to liTiuwte'l^'tf 
and iMtrlt^ cif moral ebknct^f, *]iifh nre Iha |'iili.r>i 
of fjui>i\ ([nvvmmant anil nHtlimn} ifKLrpuiidrriiv — 
tiiHU'A'i ttJ nttMTipliuir n full liiHftry uf aifrlLTLiIturv. 
f»u ii^ii'<t oiriidiip itunvlvn hi uliijlit Hk<iti;|]ai. Tliu 
tint msntioD oi o^aa^tan in faufld in Cip writiit^ 
of Motd. Fhtu tboQ wa loan Ihat Celjh vw m 
*'vkllarrif Ihii utodDii." tbbi AM Bfto-ilievl tba ''lif*l- 
IhiL'. . ! Ill' liiM'li," fttill that Knub "Jmuiui to liii a 
liLi-l'-iii'.. I Lit, :lii4| piniitiiil n virw^yKhl," Tli*- t'hlnw. 
il.i|'iii I iii'ih.^ii^ r'ji[iTkiiA, and FLo-oicUna 

L^t'i" 'I '' I'"-" I"''' I"-' II? m Llffb tftiiDotibn, 

'i'iiv i^b'vptiiu^i »^'n-' "- Mj-rjuililu uf il* liltjtKntiffi Ibat 
ibvY kLHu'riL^u'l ili Envvutiuu lo kupurburnui uipncy, 
nfiil iLvriL i'-irn«<] lliMtr tfrAlrtnLTf Ui hiiiili an aTdiml 
r^ocw A4 i^» Mi>nhii» tb<< vt, hir hU ■itvjc« u e, 

lubtrunr. Tlio l.'aitUAt'^cuaibd carried tbt Mt tf cij^'l' 
culture to a Li;^UoE dt;;nv ll»n ulticr ru-liubD, tJicir 
E>iJLtuTiiHirai4i»_ MA({ti, oiiQ of tl^iJir oiimX iitunm- 
(^iTbanJpi, MTtilff nu I™ Hmn t^v>^^ty■M^l^l licikii on 
Al{d[1||ltliml Injii™, *hl[<ll, ILri'unliliK ti» i:r»]|I1ElptU« 

uicn timiulzLKd Into lulia ty ui ii|jttt« JtoiTDcf 

Atni'Lif tljL^ Uri.-DtiJi Ucaioxl, vhu li mppokca] to 
hunt liyt] ftbnut 735 n.c, vtftt u ('nam on n^^nim]^ 
tiin<. I'libtlr^l IVurl'f enti ifayt, ^hii^ti n-u m fito- 
ininj^idl tiwdiHo hiwLianrtry n>|"lt<'Ban 4>ift(^olMr<rv- 
flu« uf UiJia (Hid »ca»iiii», <*i3rr "jrcck fttlUT* 
wtuiD im (U14I vcuiiuLurn ttJiil Xcuuptiuu Biiii'iijj the 
niiiiibvr, hub ihcif norka Havc bocn Uh ui tli« lipM 
of o^fn- I'h'^ itnpliimotHlMnF (irvojmi n^milturawavv 

o*n»Ulinjf j^ihrpn[nrU— thp^lrtW'Jioftin.dwrtnuiKhi- 
puU^ mid tUi' iiluUd'b-laU. but naiiij LUu-iaiu jut uut 
mjiTttI Ji* l<j !■-» dOicb fottu; »1hi a caib rtJlh Ivw 
vriiDDlBt atad tiviBpajin Lmjvod foet nit ini^ni} ia width; 
likcniK tUs rain, ■Icbitt 4l»4] oji ^^\ ; but no d<^- 
WTlptJon ia givtn al thi* mnrl'< in ubi-^h tbt-y \rflr?' 
fdQttnictAj. The: oppncUnu fS liiwlui <:i]]tur9. w:- 
t^nu\\it\f: Ui Iic>i<H(, were ncIUwT numtfom nor anL- 
iiiiutixJ. Tim i^i-EMJiid rcERLVv«] UircA (jIuuuLiii^t— uue 
ID autumn, uki^Oiuriii iprin^, uid a lliiiii luduD Jiatoly 
befora a^iviu^ t]iu f«od, Mannti^ v«fi«u|ip[wd, aad 
V\Say a^Qiba t1i«iF invi>rkLi.-m to ilif f*Ttciiim liin^f 
Aiigrtt Th<«ph»6lu*iiiontlwiBiiJii3iflVn^it*pni™ 
of ruin urn. and adJf. tbM a uiiihuuvf h-ili |irddu<v 
UiP> HUnfl vlTivb* 0* iiLaijur»- ^Uy. Ijd i^lHcrm, 
plivuld hr iri^o'I «ilh 'uid, niul MUitl wiUi tiny, liopl 
tta* H>WD by hnni], J^nd ntijaivd Hith h mL*- limin 
«M HAped vibb ■ tkokip, hnUhH ih ■ti^'tvr^ tbrfvhrd. 
ibiii wiTLuOvi'il by itlDcl. laid Ln cb»M. Xf\x». or 
fzi]k'iArii?k anil Ukt^ii <jut ua wajjkd ^r tUc fauiilj, to 
bo fTtiiiuii into meal* 

Wt kriniT tb*t tbo nnoicnt U'^buuia VDHnrnt^nl tbi* 
pl-iu£h) anil in Clu> vsrliort wid piii^^t IJiiin* rif IIh> 
ropitbitt! the prpJiJi^l pm.1«i> whlc^h c*.nili\ 1* i^v<*n to 
■u llluitrloui diuiMtoF WW to vy\ [Jjut be tf A> an 
iiiiluatt'iuui ujiU juiliciiJUJ buft'^unliuikLi. M' Cato, 



n 



AGHICULTL'RK. 






f 



tivm bftTinf; vntlvn % Vtliiminam work «n 

Ukd tEiD bumuj <4 biinilm tJJ illgnliy 

'Bikfcnlal CuIuoactU doariaL«J iu tliB tvtga vt \lia 
iJhaMfv'i' Clwdiui, «Aii Viet* tw^vt bw b en hui- 
^MMlcy. wUvh »Dili|jjit«d n «anploU trntiic on 
tunlalbirB. Vun^ flJby.utd ^liHtu vim llko- 
•wim Moaaf Lh* dMtn^ablMil Boiun vrttan on 
■ptoltom 

WUb RtPtfd Ig (Ink dSSbmt imiAnmnU of «^- 
eiHiKv, wa lam iM iLflf mod » ^ml lua?, ^vt 
Ibdr pwliaiUr fpnxrf *ad aiv wb voy Iv^ofuily 
riUd- Krou Ktwt «« <«a MearthA i«p«tting 
Ihfn, Uvf apjHar mnr* varthy Af ^ aotiot «f thii 
nukiut AuliciuaiiaD tliitD of tii»|irMiticiiil oillivator 
n* |iliflij!b h igpt—mttd by Cite as of two Idiub 
\^«ao for ilrvBC. Ibt olbcc fu U(Elrt t^EU Viuto 
tOHtin* tnm wTlfa l«u mflCiU-liuaniis aidi "bioli, 
Id mjt, *'v1iEt] ti»t fdnofh. iLfbfT Boirmfr th* iwkd. 
Uutr ub cuit if) nilfML," PLinjr inimlimi» s pIo»)|1i 
via oiH mHiLd^bvurl, Mvl othun idtli t anuw, of 
vbleb ]i< t^* tlitfv vrtv uAny UmiB. FUluvUig 
VM A paMin (WC^T fWiutAL Cniu by tbo ]t<iiUBD*^ 
In bd^ OMt k IiJLw nd * yo^f'i gr<jp micbiiiIiJ 
«uAi olhiir. lltu-ut* w cv^|ti4rtn| fri^m hdjulj, «r 
<\xAir M nuj •onroM av hir« brrn r«Binr<l in bj 
Ilia iDndcriH. PIebdH^ Juni: wu f«tHiaed of tbo 

^jjitd to wtrooUof tlis \in* and olivcr tla* Kd- 
jnftiii cTtH itAt binJ tli«r enm intn aJiKhP^ A^ hfii 
ml ll WW jientflJtrrtly t^ ihp ma t^ br thTWjiNt, 

I'tie iH.-t vd dm Hun' U' llm uUiur- Kaliuu Jliwii 

Vbifil B^ " Whftl n>nin«b^«(Lnb iitaAD I pn U 
Ud vbA, lal hit cm «fcofiId lodgv, di-puture* d 
wUbjTDUflr, u Honu the blaib0|uii» tYrt 1iiiru«'l" 
(jfipir. EV L L 111), Wftbtrliig nnm kirvn ih^] iva> 
Affdiad botklattiUviiidEiBiM LkiLcU Vin;ii Mlviw 
to " brinff dwB lh> val<«v of n nvtr ajnu tbr «ciwn 
Dar% «M *b«* llw AtU u |t>r\^ljoJ ud xhtt |>UnU 
dTifliL vnvay It fmn tbt bfcvol hhUI iaohuuuls" 
l^rv. lib. ]. L im-y 

Tbr {jLRii luviB^imcBt of tbn v^dntlAc binkiad- 
BKD ni Rviao WH in BvatirBl nurh w n^ul'l Juvat 
Iha HovUciaa of uod^n nltlv^ten, Tbo inpnrt- 
«M»«ttba>Hdtti8^lBQIutnUd bjthttolluv. 
tnf fepel«giw A viDMLfHKr bid t«4 d»U|th£«i» and 
a vlMjrurt; whrtn bin aU*rt Aitigliliir WM mMrittI 
b* C*vv brr » bTuri] vf Ijia rimnniri br a ponluii, 
iK4«itbttMiJlBff Hhidi h» biwi Ihn ame qvafiUlj of 
fruit am formsl^. ^Vbcn Ua TODDgal l*iudil«r vaa 
ttanudi, bo »*• bar batf al Vlttl rtmaJnul; *tIU 
« Ua vlnajftiil iraa BiufiaiiEiUliMl 1^ia 
, «sa d« OMiq— aca of hia Iwt4iniic H" Tnurh 
Uboui on tbo tUid |«fiWt ahcrbl* du^icn bvl 
iwii it ra4 IbaCr purthMu* a« ha bad Lbcu iio: kutvuiEtl 
toflTolotbewbokTbioratd Tb* Ktonuft^ vnllbc 
mtMj BPMUwm^ bubttd of <Uaekli^ imenVBd 
tin (ontulrtao ivMfli tbajr tuMnod, Tbay aaMoa or 
Mvvr tnnMaJ «r bild wa«b> nnw|u«VBil dmintriai^ boi 
hboanl to cUOiaB Uia IdJuUUoH ud bitF9da» tbr 
mU Dcowaary ler piunwUiiff ibrlf avbtufianiibaMl' 
■OA Tb Mtttafca wttin«Blc>tiaaa ttum q»» i*rtpql 
vr levB lo Aftothev Boackt In bain boana pi^iurj 
^aaft «ttlbaB,Hil tbimoba of Ibb U&d u* 
Jl dl— Ibia to oiiBPua phoaiL Bfispkirfliic 
IbairttroBiplft IUa«H, «bcavDt«iBsiiBlb>oave 
aaHo^ tbdr naroiaJua aoaia to bHalad ezvatlj 
lip nJranlatfo attf o^ l a aAga gcogala- Tba Itonaa 



■oliUcTi. iuttcAil nl bllarfnt in twap, or rlutinv in 
Uiwfjjt, viuimlJiijf tbatir alnm^EtlL. and niEnijrtiitf tllfir 
ibtinia^ w«nkopftf^CiiiiaiTljr>tviii^tOCi«bj«tatil£bly 
baudcial to tho intotoaU of ihou *1uiia ihay av^ 
Ji^fMod, In tbt HfOB «f Hwrtbr ajid bu baiteni vbM 
anrmded Ihft UU of tba Koaaiv ain^fr, a^cuLtnw 
ittw aluKOl vIuHt aliaudoanl, Pvtun^ wiia w^- 
fetnd to tilbwa.baayva of ib* fnlitj mtb wbldb 
■boapt oxoa. be., Ota b4 dHv«n iiirftj or tigftwabd on 
tbo appMMB of aiCL eaiiay, 

tbatr a^Ericulnmhl kniiivlailvi luunn^ Um BriL^ii^ vul 
Juriikf tba imnt Ronrinlitiiy jHviixl of ih>t rhuioui 
(xxupAtKrij luvo (|avilJbioa ol cum ^nn mpoTtod 
rmip fiiiulji b-tbiCootluat. Liihu^ tbalJumlbot 
tba Anglaa acd J»aain* waao <9rta»db>f ibolr ecdtquciV 
ovwr tba oouanj i^riniUora utui bar* boon urv&liy 
DOflmadi but afUffvarda it wan ptaofiiod wit£ hum* 
adcuaa aiaoaiE tha Ajtflc^Saun wnulatimr «jv- 
viaUy. BB iraa f-manlljr tbo oar ouiui the nikldle 
affosoalaoda bolooglDStolbdiDhirelu sviuu ftirmed 
at thia tima a moat Jxaportant fnrtint of t^v Uv<- 
tlo-ic, nmbnt; pboly of »nJt uut |ie0[<]i irurt let aoL 
TIki Xiirmwi d:Mii|itf«t mntrtjifl^ tit Hw tiapnv»*- 
UMnt erf agrivoUurv b Ent'Iuid. Uvlii^ lo tLM 

onvt naaiT tbouaurdn t>f LusL/UiiELErii, fnxu Uld Iti- 
tQaaod mH^utUvAtol filAiu* ul i'Luidun ami yut- 
maady, aoi11a4 lit EufjUnd. DLt&iikol Jjuuu, th<L mt 
jidcjn Ibo *ino iBAtbnU in £tjll]VLliEi][ ihum vbiob 
tbay bad bnn uewtookad in iim4 in (hnir iiaiivf 
oonnlrttt- domv of tba Ncmzun \>tjvim wun; ;,'nflt 
liapnvqa of Ibeir laadit aiid nw uckbno*^ in biBVury 
fur tbair tbUl in Bfricolttuo, Tbo NoniMUi cloxVr 
and oiiwcUIIt tbo nutobi^ iBA ttiU mon in tbu way 
ttiLD vii> iiuTnlilr Th* monka of ovon oionaatviy 
rataiurd sui^b iif tlK^k tatiilii w i>icy vould moat oon- 
vi^aLoutly Ukt cliuv^ "-'f. ujlI lUufv Ousy i-ultlfaicd 
HiUi U^nl isrr» tiLidci lliL'b own iiiiL^Ki:(iuii, bid fjv- 
qucAUy with tbair cwu Lcuuln- ll;a fHuoue TbotBao 
k fivdiift, oiur ho wu AruhbiiKop of Caaftorbw, 
lutd to go out into lb'' t^^fi va li tho mohlca of Iha 
mmiiaiBy a4un be happmad lo nalde» and join 
wilb Iham la t«apbi|r Lbcir «uni and m^uv Uiwiv 
luy, Tho iaiplBiiwAta vt aicriaoUnrv at tbin poriud 
tvtn unilar to iboi» in mail oattJOHH vat la modem 
limaa^ Tb* variou o^Hfatkaa of boabuidiy, aoab 
P^ mantiilajfp plouahJiu, bowIb^ haanvfaj, Taartl^ 
ttanahbigL vInnoTOg, Ac-,amtTvdi!aotdljn»nuanS 
by Ibo mribaia uf tfauK da^; tnit it in IimxHaUa 19 




(if ihn TjitBnirjii PiiLK It id Mtitlnl ihfl tuni tf 
iftuhtmdr^, aod uj^Uitu dlrootliiji fur dralnlB|t, 
Hirnnng, and bialu^Bg a fanUi for enrlulilnB the avU, 
and fc^crin^ ll At frir tUl^s*. LbiKt ai*iT» ^nd lal' 
lovlsD ara tucattly irfomaundfd^ "Tbu tLi1h<>F«J 
llw eaat r]f ttu^Kitt^ryJ' myt Mr i^hniun, ^wnU« 
(nun btn <»n arpdrifun m niirH ttinn fatty Jtr*, 
auil If vt oxHpt hla BibUaal lUabiai, and ooma 
THtJfn Hi tha avpcvUlloa cf tha Eloaaii wrUaoia 
aboni iba iafljeaaa «f ibe maoB. Ilcra ia v^y liMl* 
of hii work vlikJi ibeDbl b« enimd, «ad sot a paat 
doal tbai nmd b> vldad. in ae far aa laapiuli tbo nl- 
lura at con. In a lOKnidd of hualandiT adaptaJ to 
tba inacait tlm&." A^rritultun atubud aomo tmila- 

vritan tf tbc^ ^nd WfR T^w«v lfo«nc> bihI Sa 

BvgbPlatL TBMr'aiWoffwKfpoJfWtVJ'*- 
boiufnr ma pciMiabad in H<^ aad ooBTOva micb 
yMbil fnairiAtloii In iDtliTL Tfiotnottnot mmalw 
G«0fc raUtied 11*^0^ ^ rC 0/ jVaa&imby, waa idakd 
b U&3, ^ llvrb Plau'i "ort vaaantilM Awi 
Hmau ijf Ati Vid Satvx, mid wa* ptUvad jn lS§i. 



AGItTirilLTUIEBL 



d3 



T& 1A* lonecr VDiti, vp FjCRiFinn, ur mtmj TLliia}>1i' \ 
toM* OB lliD |«ofOe« (]f bttilttadry b ibe tut) rtut 
of tLt ttAffi *^ EIUaIvIIl. Auoof otin- atinoiti 
tkb^ bft AivMi lliol ibu ^pAAkli (4 Minno ducfi 
vac* ccii^lcUlT rluTivihl ffrou KojgiUiiL fli^onJ 

Ifat Coxnaaamtltta* wIkhw judivv, vfth ii(iti«^ nf 
1^^ *«fa^ uuy be Kvu in hawiua'* Sa/^yd^jnedia 

Pcv kbfnl ciffblj T«M* Ukr tbo ttotontiDD h*^- 

■fyr thai (uvrinil amiA^tn^m lii^ina*nnmt Iq :Iia 
pwwi cf ("ulluri! mu btr^-luivl bjr Jcthj-o Tall, a 
fHidcuuii of ilcJ'kUiijt, h1ii> l^Mii tu tliill wtir^ 
tad v(4>r crv|n ^Lwitt tho you 1T01. aikd wU^im 

thtn^ thin vmUT^i lliftirin w«iv m nun' rMjn^ta 
rnnvnav, j?4 *vHn hi« ivnm vnv ctf Mrvuti*, t^ 
orilliff tiiqulT7. jmij nUluir t^i Attoaitoa of biutiuul- 

«o^ I^H*, liJi Kvbnt llAlwwbU *ad mhen dlMfd 
■oM* uDportuit impnWttmBntf n tlv bf*wl of oUUi^ 
A«n wid tn-irw. fTiiQv, nknr^ l»nl Btmnamllfl, 
filr J-A^liitflit. DATwln* Hunt, UuQtBTp YauQf* 
4a. Law all L'•J^lri^ulIDli Ui iLv iiu^Evrvnvrub of 
tfoialie vuuldlU. nik*! btv^ loft tttto to 1>c Joond 

an AoioiHa'v ff ^uiintrnJKhi^l mi^ritn majr be taon- 
Itaaul, tb« /^rn'T'i UtTrn, Tinir la A'fait'V, j^fr/mfj 
^A^ntUfK, &c. bj Uiu cvlrbmUML ArUiur Toiuit:; 
Maniadr* umunu* vid cxccUcnl ivurk\ cnriuiLcmx 

awtlfa J/inuBo </dl^vvH^i(rf, puUiithoJ in 1*^7* 
■n^nC uritb hu lipritirfj tfu A^eHftttml Jtr- 
wlt ^ 1010: Pf^uri^tti Affrintlrixrr^ Iry Dr. It W. 
TWrfc^nH, ftr. 11i<f irrltlnu^ of Kt\\i\f*. Anil'rvtTi, 

Ufft/^ij bill |atli~nt mpciinicutp itliJiJj lkB^*> ^nu- 
ianad mil* ci ffrr^t mtir^TtAiK^^' to tbaBrttidi iwtim 
>bJ to ibft wanJ. Tli'' lyiUblJiLiaaal of * Dft^arul 
hand vl noriculCur* wil« i>f very ffmt wrrico fc) 
iBriBiib tiudinnrln'- BartlHi, 4 rvnliiry fH^f^Tro^ HtH 
LMd RaIdw*» iri ^i^k GfiUrntaH fttn»"\ hvi lanlnUul 
■ol the uUUit^ of PLiL^Li hu InitltutjoDp Irni IL ^m ]>'ft 
yt 8ie ^<Aui KiiKliir Ui -.nfry ihrir iilrai iiilj citp u- 

■alvBd ia li}€. Tlvyvf^iit^ priv4l^ AMnamLiCHi it vi« 
a^itail ^wanuimAl purUaminiUry np-^iu, Ami itw 
nfpifcil 11 huliLliii; a kluil <■£ Kml-odlDlal putilDii. 
nnc* *«¥ ihi^'Bi ^y ^t fi-i i\it FULtiuit^juiu^iiil uf m- 
p* ■— **** tuA ivpru^ciuc^U Lb u^LutLura, "It 
■■4b fujuiik iwdiP|{ m JjttiituDt jmrU ol tha km^- 
■Joat wi^auntKl laiUi r^m- q/iilhi^, uid tvuu^i a riipid 
^^■■BiiUttMiof kdnHli^lqi'nnt'^iigrtllmwhnl'iprfrfK- 
tfaL TlKU\(tf di^lirulturcuuljroii^liL Inbi fsjlilrii}, 
4U fcncliCfB «(^ru iLiiitniii.-<l, ut^vt diu'i iiiLjTulLiLiiJH 
^J fe dqpVO of cMcC-ELin raltol iiJtili hRTctofnta LlUnX 
aaflaJ HDOflif n^ciklt Jirii<l» in xh'u i'lantl-" AniDiif 
■lbi« Atftoli** wliich hnvo lETootlj^ fiirthvrvil tha pm^ 
fMB of a^^ilniliur" In Krpi^liinil, rony 1>» Tfti-ritU^iT'il 
ibtBalh^D*! Wot uf Kuu WilL SnL-l^ty, tin.- YLirknLLn. 
Ani'«tednl Svwtr, Ujd ^uitkliBkl C*!,llc Clulr, qhhJ 
^ RojmI AgEWuUuiul Sotutr '>' KnflEwd. Tic 
M^Moiionod «H onubUibvd in Miy, lft39, jin<! 
*Aa^b*flwl iCe mflnbci*. In iviultwu Inrnr- 
tertMtd hywrj^ eta^ntt, uiil ic now numlnTr* 4*vHr 
i4jMII IHinhinL Anion); tlir jiriniriEii^ ulijr^cU of 

dfirtfntt «( DO" ljiiproTT<ia«]>tr< JH n^culttiT^ by p>- 
■•Mnlil^ ^ay |4ton fur tLt: l<"4 bn umy l>avu vud- 
WmJ thpnOgh Uy'iBg any ftj^k^iiltunJ ftb^TiEJi^fil At 
dWnqiH'A'' tl» Siia*ty: bmTnroiLnk^ krim^tlMi? inipTi 
fa Umd sttnitii-in b>lhv liQtiKivvin'int uf ayrii^ullnral 
•qteoeafi* khI fum buUtlin^it, tliri Ap^aLmtum L>f 




(TiJaHiiw tn rfr"trtlniij nirftbf frullruJonnl wmAf; 

iuf IttonuniCciBaDl cd voodt^ r^ADUtfom^ And foboo*. 
Id inprotv a* odoHtioB of tooH ■ip p wtjj by tho 
imttivatimi of tlh*knil; tAimpmvi* tht trt'rLnaij aH; 
to «ii»JinijfH ttn 1n= innt!b'i<]« nt ooltivjttjnn. »<t 
inipKvu tbc Lirnds yf Iiq-»liiii?lt, ftc- TIkB J^idvt/ 
Ui>UIb u>uabi7 aiecttTLE* v^v^7 iiLHluIt^iiUKlifrarKnb 
furt of tlui QbiLcIrr oKh ycACr ot wUdIi vnmw v* 
diatcibijud fcif Ut*-«itoo(t, impJviHiitB, ud »m pm^ 
ibiiv. 1'h'i Sitri«ey ku pijtili«li*d A Jiitnai hmb 
t4AV. w-hJdi lijifl A «tdL> ctrfiil^don. Ucmkiflljii the 
fiMi/m fiJif vibith iiricEt )iaic li^ru ifiitu Lj Un 
SiXiMy, boulCB mui^b (rth<( tu^rfu] igfuttiiMHiti, bcth 
l^nbctjcid Hid KuiiiiEc. TUa HigiiUncl aaiI Aj^cn>l' 
ItinJ S>d*tj if SanllAPri in kei MiBtitiitinh 1^ tho 
ufit'* kiti^t It u'lH fniiiifli*d in 1 iKHi, uvl wu kn^o^ 
ponl«d in HF^r: <^ niHinlxTi ihcn beln^ only ^lii^ut 

HUB oTL^i^y inWudoil Itc tlac jJiipFotdaiTtLt cf t^ 
Hi^Hlfu^fbi *ijtly, ha\ it spHtually oitondcd lU apkcm 
nf nrtinn flT-r" the fffad* of S<«tlUKl. It Ij»» imb- 
tlihrul Lt« Tnknu'TtlihDt rIttiV ITllP. ^hr\Vt ol llTf^ 

tltn^L, iBkfiliJnicitilA, \ti , LTD luilil uliVu & yUt cU UnR 

Sr^trivCraf InUuii^ ijulitut«d in 1^11, in iflitilv ia 
jta nbjacts ■nil npfraljonf I4 tho «boVff'nwndo&od 
sodMlr*. <*rTaCFr ntt<nti<iii hoii born piJd to iha 
tijicLld cUiEiAtEiitt nHivirvU hy Hvm inteadiiiv to 
(ulfipt tTi<i ^ifofcHHon of A^ricLiltiiri] ; bjjt jh yot Uht* 
w iio AunaiUiirkJ lu^bc^lji in ll^if <viLiLtrT HnppAftoft 
by IIhi ■tAt', an th«n oro in Gvmta\y, tSmitfo, and 
nr.hrr MPtinrriUl T«iaTitTl*«. An cKnIItnt tp^^uU 
iuta] f^lucntlmi miny, bonrrtr, he obtAlnfd In tba 
ArricuUurml CuU-an C^nticviUir, *lAah vu caia^ 

fawm cif vbvanlRtm «f fttolof^, e*ol4cy, ud Imtoiiy; 
of MflAudy BOMiomo And mt^aji a tawttjl^, 
dttl <q|pnvaHnv, ajul Tn^boDiAtla; ud ol pncllcihl 

SnoiltTiHi, Thm* In % ^m^ fwia twimtciBil vlth 
Ft IntLhtitEnn, ftldtli Kui 1ii|fli ni[hilAlI(in, aad b 

'fluvuj;rL tb^ tffuTt4 cf tb« Abo?»4iHntIitiivd md 
other hi<:e4jIi», tlia iuvwti^tlou ot HknLUSo v«n, 
tba ttdueral diiTiiimi uf hflottl«dn VBCTW all duM«, 
ami Utn iUia|||]iiii of praCMctiVH mitln wlxinh Tiui l*Jri 
the Btltlili !$aoor itodvc thv no««lly of uomjiettDif 
»itli (iTodjocPf 111 fotrlfTL goDAtricfli ii^riDulturft ham 

taiMrio Vut rtriif» ui rrfltfEll during lh» p WC t Mil' 

tury- hiuUuii of Ihn aUTml^ anAsor !n ithJctv ^"^ 
h ftuituTj ntfft, )kU D|vnklianii niwin thi» nwl w^rn po^ 
fnnpi'rl, new litijilvmi^ta, uiimynf Ihriti nf rwi^iit nnil 
In^oiloUd ^ntHnuicffn oow ritinit? tJip wnrit in U)W 
EiiiFsL tl[Ij?ii'uL iLjiJiuf], iiiLL'J vJlJi lliu te*ot WMto « 

l»ca Diadu tut cl5dpbt ntiiiBtJy- Dninln^. Mit 
f^rtnfihv] Jtii foimtrlj t^ awunpy ■jtola, in ntmdKl 
■yiU-mntlcnJly trt wbn)p fArn% and nrMrv flulfl i-n iho 
r±rTu< Mihi kfiuf^ funvv bebw bfb •rliliont it* uiti' 
fli'lftl dmm u£ tiU ur ituun Tnlo hhlob thv puri>lu« 
n^Ur BBj ponoUtc fmly, uiJ y«l w findiiiJIy u 
nrrS t^ cury ofFn^iviTLahmant Uonff vltJi It. JMcnfo, 
l^o. ill tho bund* 4^f muh ihd v lIlU|E' Biiuitf n];:*idl. 
John'jIinTi. n-nrl <ilEiffnL hu bnn nll«d In to act hh llm 
liEuiiItjiidU uf ih--t, Tlic WKiUkbm of ijUbU, tbe iil- 
iiiAtj iiIuTiiDEita of wlijch iLa^ an covpoaed, ud ttu 
fiiixl on which they UvVf hftiV becm uiaduouily Abd 
nltjIfuUy Int-Htif^iLtad, nnrl mu't in;|iEirtant iwilltn 
rkbtfiini^, purTiii^nlnrly in n«74n] b> intnEimi and 
mtotinrw. T]t\'K rMiiiltJi, biftrail id fcin»![n[ii|^ Adoid 
luitaFi bjLvc jiAHtd fruQi tH»lLi Uito UiL- haaJi of 
jqhLiivcd fuiucn; &ud tliu fu-rnvB'^* thvuih Mill 
jmtly rvUiuLu^ li^ [>rc-E;BuauAo«» him tieaud lo h* 



04 



AaBICULTVEH. 



Iha onlf idutai fnm wTiioh tha unj i[«rii*« iu iifiur- 
Ithintbl aful Inniiiniiv «a|ialt]# tif urtnladnj^ httny 
arp|ia. Artliiobil idhiuih. In lemt viaiciy, luiinf 
CQEiit LiJin oiouuim uk, iiul i.inlj lacTMbiiDjc (be prv 
*\iK* uf loiiJf j-rcvj.iijjly L'LilCitblc-t. but t^Atindiiui- 
tlit JijiiJbi vt 4;uICiviiiiit"i jlxir. Iiilocfai which* tmiu 
tb> i]»|>ucii])]hly of rt-m-LTi^ iii» tli^ fv--|niaitii woi^'ht 
of fxjiiLjanl iJlhi/. miilrj unt bv lirniiU'liL iinHiT .-^ 
ncohr tjourrv uf rf^'^ivPLii^f. or? uwiil/ tu;<pllFii mIlL u 
faw VKifls (if bmir^Ju^b, *>r uf tuiuv lut'fltHUii.'v djcuii- 
Qhl^ fiFCpucd. Ult^ A^jiJieMi^ai lint aiKum B cn>p 

Ibuft xiij^iil} ih« uil with fuJilniaiul nnuruhiD^nt fi 
Ibn richi«l kliul: ft mda (npof vh/^tx nr h>r]<i>. 
•WD Hilli STUB inut^ tdJIowi. uuJ tbo iuog»(Uiv 
y«vibi>w*Ar^clMliin4f ij^T Uio Auni i;nH. wbvic 
*1] porEoiuklr WB* vcob bdJ buntincH. Tlua gram^ 
AUvatid lA Usb bAMJDtH for jriun * fvKlJnjf |wliir< ; 
fir. Rill hr luy* m lirnk"n iiji it ihn rlr^ <i? iti*- _T«4r 
Eat uotlwr gcrtrn oitip TIip i^lolLon If miv rnrnpV^. 
BBii tJw )inKG«i A* ilncfibbl afcinln tifv^u*- llu-^ 
cbrta ptoducAl If/ ■u(;U iii»ll!i xb uuly vt Juinlimt;, 
Uador Bti i^jffvi-til tjvtptu of cnuiOicBniniiT tim 
pMduo* dF iiiBaj [arm* hm^ nt Lad Iwa dnulitvJ, 
biilI MTfTthvulinU kinfclmn hu bi jfrPAll^inrnvtuH-l, 
Ibftt the U'thtorT %hJch onctf wiUl dllhciilcy >u|i- 
l-jrUsl IflLi iiuLLi^ijii^ liriJa uu Jifllciitljr in •ti]>|HPrLliiij 
ItrMt^' Pari v{ ihn niPuUt ivt doa^U U Im 1» 
BBCTilic4 to bJtlillLXiBl Uii'ia vrhuhn fi^mtcvly p-ianigj 
■■ runmoEV, ur kyini: m iiniinpi-tpvil uvr,M, Ijaw 
li*«<n liniirhr unilAi nulrrliatli'm. lUil thr Iftr |*t»iiit 
put LH uD^li'uMn'iJIy 'lrrik-n[. nut (miu npv, Lut fi^^m 

lIlV illUIUMtl |rfvdui?L»UEKB* «J uLl ImhI^ 

Tkf iHTiTpoirtinti ■hi4:htlA*ta£lBbl4UndcJK]i|fUivL 
Bad WjIeb bom Id tbi vhata Hmfe h v«rT hLL o^m- 
|And vith tirt auD* |tfniHirtl«io in ?<«itt|>ui>fr fl^ 
talBl WH ftt Wat^MbA ud WbIew ^* JTr»'iiA»3 u>t», 
Boi uf diU &^jS32.47r MfH WO!* umlPT pnilri iir 
Un«s CN|«p Im f*lluw. jfTMB, olvror, tn fivnowent 
fiulurii in iVrij whiJ* la tkotiBml. i>kit of an *nt, of 
IMi^.^iT BdMk«alr t.&ia^OUO vtnr «u 4cciip(v]; 
Uuit orovlu^^ UwU »hU« tbu fi^viDt i* H^hiulturHlly 
a»iit 1^ uial bvWJiMl |biTlJaiai af the vtcti-\. tEu- 
UUdt b iiiiiiiiff tin* {KMniKt, Inluii] in &1v vnry 
hiffMr fAiuurnJ, 15,TI1.0»b bow oub ot iu toUil 

pnoBJiat |Wtikr« U ISTI. Of Ih^ lO,0a»,elS 
BorBB vu ptnunstit pwloriL 

Hib Unil uiiddv Um |iloiicti in firAl nnevn » 
onpnlly atllivBt*J m djitviiBklitf prindjileB* ■coir' 
uinf to OH* or mluT of th« fdlowLiiH roUltoaB.— - 
/Vnf Fv'ofivA' I^ FiiIlrH. vi\fi\ ijut iijuiiit«], 3. 
Wbut^ 3, UcBDt, ku^ilj UioiLurrJ: I. Bubr* vitb 

FalBtiiBi nr tiinii|a>. ^burmllir bittT tnt'iii nff hy 

ton; 4. WIkbI vt i:au> TAflrii rvfurnm, ■]. rut 
bU«v, itoAnumcl; jiirt inU^vot (u- lunnp*; S, WJic^b 
«r huUjf, villi fr*H v«d« ; 3. Hfet, out* asi. tlum 
pMliindj 4, Puturv; £, Oi.f. 'tint ^r^t ai l\v*ti 

«r|)lal] tuve iirJ^^nilly fafmod Uk bedi of IbLjh vx 
flw>4c4 LbuIb uj rihcn, sod bcm ipkkMJ ttUiof b^ 
4tn •ptnlauBvui rttirw&l cf Iba imtor. pr tba eI' 
cduwn of ii Bud tbWqiiAl *lffrBliar» of tli* >iirf»a 
bj tK« vaU'Iowvh fWBf f4 virpiiv. Tli* fiiwst 
weJmmxif (bBM Belli ua BHn neu tbv ntoudi i>t 
lb HuDtBTp Bod in lb* rtdi cmbb IuiIi of ^oiUml, 
lWfeoBadn»WJfiii«anMilBlalbB«tttlfnl0iydffuLh 
hmkmttiMjt mt ttAUd tun U» tuvintf fint cvue min 
BUM altaATf iia« In ifait cvuqR, fArtioaWljr Lrmkr 
tba Ba^»« of Mr. Cokt. U u t^viwraJI; ii«hI on 
l^sht MDchr I'ttiQB. vii vbtoh b^Bvj nrtf« uf TUinlpi 
OBD Iv rw>l, HaJ thiD nUui uff ir iljDfrp, li b ■ 
Mrc#D rvlBlftHi. IkVtHaf ibi UeJ nliiiutl iXJii»ljmlIy 



tituliv th-t plough, Bnil Ffpt«iln^ clavtr bI vudi tlu^ 
jiLlATvab BA (uv HXfcdy uuniUifiit wIlIi {(b gmwtlL 
A ({not liDpnttDiJiciil uf llic i\iLikViiiii biw Li«ql iub^ 
l-y nfandinj; it to fire or «i* yi-fcni liy (n*m» of two 
«r iiiarc aJlLiU-djiI V4*n of pHtiir* Lwiwtvn ttit 
butvv AiJ'l wlimL. 1'liii iimlkv* it BliQiut Idvihtival 
wLtti Ijif L^tinl rriitLi<»ii, tluLU vblt^b |jHi-1iBp]i Jiii luttvr 
I'&i) l>n juliiptnl (III iwEi-ifilrilM <>f lilt* ifoi^H i>f thi^ 
ijouutTf. Ili uiJiiJliiNi v> llji? (irti^^a abiiVD DieiLUoiic^. 
Kinbi <ill;c-r* uv ^idifioiiuily tiitiuJuwJ. "nioiuuBL 
iijif-m'tAnt of iLum acv ryv, muiuold, colc or ni}>c 
txMt rutLn hutxi, ami fUl. 'iV iMt iJiMdf twioi 
nltn«>i( a 'CliAi t'rop in Ir^lMul. Tb* fifmntB^a of 
tbp ppfmjtnnnt |iji*tiJiT in EngUnfl (il'D It miifh 
hJubcT Uibjj ill «kiitlaiiil I'lhS'^) : bhiJ It nhlLl;*. botki 
iij iFiQ iuuiId bi i-vLinli JL ii ruiipJ Aiid lliv iiKi t-i 
'*hi(L it id Khi-Iici^L. a ^'umliur fukLurc uf Enub^li, V 
diiitiu(jiiiA|]va fn^m Si^cildi hmbmiiry In Sootluid 
Ihfrw i» mil iiiiii'h K^]l^k|^ tkiuL kcj^t rtnrtrianniitl^T in 
fnwf, <• jn*jit tliat wtiinh 1» Inb^mlml fur ornanH*Tit In 
iLr rislukb.tmlLuuil uj c^jimUv vMm. ^lv±do*6 niti- 
Tiuiully iirrnu J for iirlKatimiH ly ■* kind uf iaL<:]i' v^fk. 
Dii#t (JiL jm Lixluhijiu 'VbIv iu nrtiaiUr tioAlitiu^, 
hill Uiftjit-wt, JD tha tvnv* in wrdob ah XlnifluhinaLti 
iimlnnUndi tttn Ei^nn. nm tnufifiy knoiin 'I'lii* 
mpoduK^df EDsLkiiti btt fflrmiuiaul tmyfidils nhloh 
mit UiijuBlly LiJt. tfiid uiftiiJUaitJ in ftiliilily liy 
n(H-iitu »idbcBvy JiHE*vf fttfua^j'hdlmifaLm- MticJi 
dI ihe IaxiiI lbit> cotpt^ryvd U bhtundlj nl jtoor lUiJity, 
hjiriTi|f inly B thin c-^T^riiiif ^f wil nvi'r « iLiin^y 
Lrratvl ^r r«-TTiijjint'kiTi ir<ni(rJi>Tit <'iny, but liy iln* 
urdul liiDnnjfiTinfiDi ^if ti?if]n[B n ovntLiry liu Icoonn^ 
i:invri^i] wIlli u cjtnc mviai il uf Llur ric^uitt i^j-rtii bilJ 
Elf nJiiilrftbki fuiMjijif i|(iAlJdp^ Tltt hllantiDii ynxd 
to thi* LJnd ol liu\t\ U ALtjiK^timH in vxddbh, uid lu^ 
ImI in tvTpnl di'tn^tU tin mjtnpuatiTAitt|[l»iHnf tlin 
[niounof Lho jiltHijjh- BclrariniittuiaiThtohBr^ouniA 
in wntM fkme Cor Uid BUiyail nupcdarltjr uf 1^ 
S^qtkli to dw tffovnl «vwBir« nf fib^Ud^ fariuinu- 
TftkljiE Uk trrtn in itt Kid**( wrmct a» Ineludkj- not 
uioivly the ndtlog irt noyi* «f gnln or iwd*. but iho 
nui'iii^' iu>d fidttfldDf «l Bta«, tliB ImpTaTlpg of 
Iut.tIk, Aril iliilry RuuBii0caLfnt> thBN tt no OBWDtry 
111 Utr ViiiU tliBt laui M (nnifiBnrI to Html of dw 
d|pliiul«of OiTtt TlriULin, Ti JAti^tdmii to ntvntlinvi 
niuLiu;; liiinv«, thi> iBo«-lti>r«iv, Hnt liimt tjp^ buJ th« 
|iutijC uf tlio Imt txWtJbK hroc^ *d unt aniniBJl 
nititm^ f&itl«, Efair ■buTt'hon* oJ Uurikhm; uid Bnoey 
kliwjii, Uw m|ii}iiBlrJ i^fiuth Down* Ami T<PTn*Mm, 
Jti A^ty pmiliitv H'VpnJ dJAtrJctjt nr* <i|tmJly |ir»- 

T^'rrr^th ^ffriiuitkrr bcpui to fluin^ali TAft/ in tlir 
ITlb vcnlAjryn unJot licitry IV',. uiJ a w^tk Oil tbtt 
vkit^oETl i4B« putliitbiid h^- Oliviv dt S*nT«. Id ITCH 
tSrr»« tifhi thirlrmi nffnirutLiirBl trtdftlun in Knuo^ 
nnJ tilnotHB lUxUtur ■odvUat Hkbb of Full, 
Ainkus. Bnd Bordcwu obts JliUiisuIaldd ibtfrndiBa 
Lf^ tbcit Mumtdn. Dii DbibcI kiio Luffiui iuhIb Um 
■ludy nf rriniJ Htfinc^ny fvJjkiDthla^ mid oOiflr vHton 
pAQinbutviI to tbv hiimitenrdnt c4 Jnitlvnlrr, Ibe 
|>rai>b gotcBDmtftl hu t"iu; rAdrhrnitrwl in anpivw 
thfl l^FF1calfnp« of ihi coiimfy by inBtutBiidnr madd 
fuinii, ivrinillunJ kIjo ib^ HUnji-fiu uJVk b^ i t nJ* • 
iBik wlucji it ivndv nd til tb« lavn naBBtftty bb Ihcn 
it oatnurttiMly Ljttln ottdUl un«i|[ tba Bfrinllur- 
iiUi who ■>* oiiaBai|U«at]y iia»M« t^ intnibu* ini' 
imttmnDlB tbBmacrvn. Al <!r^oii, pup nf Ui« rml 
MlacHL* irltta LtA dujiuan rd tl&A Kcm BttBcliad. W 
ivtn lurntd inli} a fmm-iu:biwl. vbm both pActkal 
And lAcDTFiibl LfLPl(ucEi(in In ^limltnn, aod bO 
bnbclHH of runJ Hcooaj. asa la i>buJnrd- Ttn 
1uhI« m l>rui« b» not paifally in«lna*ft bvuI taW- 
diiided I7 bvc^QiB ar ailia Imcw*. J^otm ffova nomr 
amt tfrVD*, till la ftmral iLq whalo munttT U ma, 
the buiuuWn vf cBlBtcA l«iiif mariicd oj •iJcht 



AttRICrLTTRE. 



ti 



J kalda the b 



R5 



Inva in ru^v, 'ir UiLuly BMlWivii, Di.-|i]vUa' 

f/tritia ekampf^rt/t wb" an wtiLtlitli'jd tiirmiffliout 

hava pul Ulnokion hi ^Wp. Thi' Tr>nrhLik v^ In- 
tcvtond br U. l>r l^utJuliiv In lT7d, ahJ ilicrv i4rv 
oaandfnU* flooki n^ mstfTiua <fujiu1 b/ ijiJjvlJunJ*, 
kalilta the luskiriKl floolfB. Tlikt of t-'uialuuilktH 
rJiBhed 111 IJ^^H Uuldng b*«iii «l«briUjbil, ami h»* 
ifrviLiBM^EiLiiJiutnicii, Shaup tm tfvmM-hUj' hitjiu-ii 
k«|FttulviiiU*nil littlH yaidin IncLinum. Whfirt 
vut all Difihi. Ibo ilir^ilKixl tlniJQ ill 
• iVAU ihrtahcJ Iml. or iwrtK^lo Ijun*?. ploiKtl iru 
vWbI*^ Urn ^ijLiJa t(K^f1vok ly wnlltut^ Wr-n: Oium. 

■hcHnrt In uittr' fioM' Lif tii* iviniir-ry Ici Ulk 4niilh 
fwt of Fmncv tJiv m ikbcl tijp muli- an <if frr^iivni 
■i« in liaabbniiiy, A iw^^ vbu^t vt ArALiUu Uuitiv 
kH b«n liiDpl u\> ■! AuHlluu, Lii Liiuiiiuiii, tit iai>r>: 
tbui A wntur/. luid hmiLKcr iioM Ihh iuui-a rQ«i»tlv 
rtMHii^wil ntmr Nimn'ic Puultry W an idiportAiLt 
BikW in TiVfnch lni*haii'lr>". Thi lirw*l nJ •winn >« 
in EVDifvl tiidi bnl Am hum uv mblc lu LLrcUjiui' 
Inn twA nani CD 4«onia.Mi>J TuU'.'iJwi «jlIl IcuJiuu- 
«dcm. The yfttuAi lcn|\I':iueiit* i?l agricuUiirc nrc 
gtntnUy mJu uiij uuwiDldy, ukI tha ojHirxIion* -pI 
iytfwulr> iin^kjlfidly fp-rf^tnavl Tho ^eim m i-iikti- 
in Fmirx \n ^Ui*. ami nn lumkni^l Iiitlii, in n 
.7<lirrvrrnt frum UiU wliklr pfrVdJLj i'IrwIiuil- It 
fteobil m <t(i][fv Likic lijifiiLLt-euj-TL, lic]*^ Jl>ipv, nml 
— attfcil like A i^UituitLoik lit rufiLgm^- ThE" "hiU 
MiillVT}r-trva i* VfcET mloijji^'aly rulTiL'ihlwJ forfr#«[- 
inf thrt nlkm^nh ^1 im &nt pliuwl in VN^ipilitr filAb- 
aidMUy bill in cnnHn, In rvvt by ilu dds of nwlt. 
dr. T1>e «Ji*Vt tlip flh>' ^li^ JkLiiiuii'i. aiiU vurjuut iflhet 
fntiUafv*JwciUiLai<clrvLiUivhtcil iei Kmnrt, Bert 
n Ivvaly crovn nft lUa ^.TuHnt Jnv» bitJ luntjuhca 
tte mu^tuil* with 4 yr*4t (lut i>f l^vir iiLjp[>l]<iit «l 

Tbe uvUeiE (rfmnn wfttrr tin tiiiBlafnlr^ wu run. 
ndiit Hmaljiicljlu*, wlur lit(^l ilulI iJiinl m llif Mill 
■oeBUgy. Hu w^k, //r Ar H'lfi-fi, yv tvi aiDSvnl 
CUapUAticn fn<m jtU ^a huthnni who t>Aii pif^v<l<:<J 
Mm. Xa fllliM bn^kB on nt^nriiitui^ of *iiy note, 
■ypMrnl prrftint ti-i th? Iitb iN^nlur/ With rvgunt 
«• the fmtcai tiAin 'kl A^!i?hjlttirc In (Innniuiyp ve 
VDuUimiArV tliod Uicijoiiiitrv ix itTV <Ati:iiiii-4i,)iid 
pWHoate ■ fnjtb utrinby nf najlx, mtniKiir', rliinAto^ ami 
■ulbVf*- ttii ji^iiiilttimU |irDi]iio4 in, fur thn nnul 
|«vtj ?<iii*iinii'<E n'iil>in >t« Jlii»Ui liiit iiotJlvnL uincu. 
■rtctporUtfl TmEiL lliLTit^ry tt\i\ ihi' hliiiki-, titgctlkT 
vUi ifti, li4Uia, ]f«*^ ailh. kf- 1'lic ciiZltim <1 Lilt 
aalLflTf^ »Q<I tlio nvTLiiE ^jf tLm >LlkM uttii nm i^nrrltnl 
CO A« tu EiuFtfi an HcTtiiir I'ti'i ihrioxftifAl n^irultiir- 
Mb uv wvTl oni'iaintfl vuh ikJt iljnt impfjti.'il Li'^irltj- 
Mtalanl 4»rT«t Uriiain. nri^l •hiihp tA rfir-iii liH«<- tH4'>i 
lMnrii»ei1. opptifclly \t\ II-UTj^'ik. Htmivuf. mim] 

■aoiva, An* JLId umvivUr mhl h;4-Efl<n<;rii. Finh w 
«V«lii||y hrvJ ami f*tt^nri[ in bornn |i1ik<v'fl. iN<|>"aktljr 
■i rf^iiiii. and jmiiltiy U rtvirw^'bun* alb'ii^lHl ti>, 
frtkiiWrly in li\4- fii*ljj'hhoi>rlir>')i| ••! Vii-iukn, The 
adtunof (oruu UliuWiM} rn^iiivf^ pnrLlciilar iiLE<n- 
llMlb (Jul ciiufLU'y, i*M vttAl V 111 Vr.i.\iAi- 'i1iu et\m- 
BaBS^iOjltiirv cif (3n-iruuiv i" o'viita^K^t*' Jiri^Tuiiiif. 
(rtntiiDHiDt, IM nil im imlividiialis Emvn fDrm^d 
Vrntmat Inftili'Cinnm for lh^ iiitlrii4?tii^ ■"' yi>iilh iJi 
kBprte^lflaiL Tb« linpmul N^^Hi-ty i>r Vi^nTifK iktiil 
Ihff Omnr^Ci^ iTiXEliitiiJiii uf t'nifi-txir Tliiwr in 
Pfmdii» IJflldf at lijiiuKni, uekI ludiviiiifidtiT hi 
UufilcAia w« mnuiij^ j^Lsut Jiutiiuimiu trf ituit <iii- 







thui la Ui Ia fikUUTl In b^^^^^^^^ui'irjjr bnldf^ 

t'jrii. Kt*^ Lutclul-i 

f*t\.}U, u'LOE. vii, uiii frulU af nil 

l^rfiff^Ijiji ill tbu r*rtilo ooimtfj'- 

t^iAt atiiy in**hhii iif IK" tiri1jtf«< iii luTy^rffihiii 

>E<-nti\ w|}t|p* airily K Infill <if fJif< mirriLiT 'if J^imiv ta 

^N,ni.1>lcf\\t fertile. TUv \-i'[\uhititMi \A llily. Sii Vtv- 

CrrU-ii %v ita mrf AfT. fuiuicily olvctIclI iliati^ ciLbbr 
cisiiw r>r L^rvbl UhLitiu- -Veuju^ llio tvtilur* ini ikut 
ruml ccimuEijy vf llaJy hi* Artbor Yi>iiEif in 1*^1^ 
AifpamniiilE in IMO, luirl Chali^n'Eriix in tALV. Ta 
|j<iinb«tly Ibo Unds in jftntnUv fumed by ntAtytrt 
^huiu crfCd» b^. TJic UiiilLird imys IIjd Isx» ajuil 
tc|>alfB (!iQ iuDdlEXK*. Tha luiojit up^vidu 4vlblc, 
iHi|«t«iDuit«, and ■ixijji. And ttio pToJuH db divid4d. 
HiL> UTif^irm cf laiirU in [^mliKnly i* x rvnutrk^M* 
f^QtarF nf Itn&lKi hiithuKlrv A\i i^tnAlc taltMi trmn 
TSien an lb* prqieny of t^t fiUih\ iiud mity \>t isf. 
i!«l LliTOUi^'li any lu»n'v luiiJ, |j|4j>iiii>l llipy do nut 
p**j itiiuijt^'b ■ j^rdiui, ve yiihitt a iwHain diaLaitO! of 
n iiLiuiaii>n, uii |'iijtnif thit *iJua o( llw gr^'Hiid i^ocu- 
|iivi| W±e«r n H"t r»ily i»inpl"y«i fir grui'lntnl* 
^wtilchn whHii Mly *tni4Tr«|. jiit»" tn^mnl f-lll^ anrj 
tonx^lLiurt Hue tinit.t u v':-ir, ftud Ui »rLii* lun's w 
PAily daMarulj>, liu( it 4jLiEj4.kicl«.l but^^tvii cIji^ Ejuutn* 
(id^^ vf ruru iiuvlj.4 lU lll< bi-illuwa l>i:t*A(H;(a ilrilZpil 
CTDJia, milulli; VLtlW, (■! Lf fLh'd IkiuiB, Ii^ Ibu ilutJtb IkE 

n liutt c»r nioira, wlLU'b iifw Mitwtt iMt^ rn'i-- Wninf it 

alp^t 114^1 for it^multlnif n «iir^i i r i. uj •ahii? 

jitoot whon il U rbuvL-il vill^ ili ^ 'ii,'i< nd. Ilic 
iltlaib of WALcriuif- fi^r Ukk' aji^' I'lli'-i |»iir|.iiaca, tm 
^i^ciE ill vj^i^kut H'urkv, uiJ nJlut-'b'tl JiL tbdPO ft PrO' 
i*fm-T Hv- In K«iitfE^4 watvrwl Inn.l- ]"t ivi r.^^ thir<t 
bi£li?r pi-idM Ihui Uiniv* niit in, J j,p< implc- 

mrDle wbt iipentloDi cpf s^rbutt ii< i. t ••\ii\-\n\y an 
LailIi tJij|irr[iA-L. I'h? {fh^u^b ib u luiJc tuuLr^va^uCp 
^!l.U a lifuidk lUiil'XJi L4r fi:»uEtcvii Iccit b'UU- Ihib 
tbc L'^lUr bfu fvil ^vUb ut(n<'ii]ijiJArv I'arc. 'i'Lcy w 
Iieil up lb tlEill*, Nc^l <iii(v cr twuv, uUntji'ii 4^kI 
ri>)>lii'r1 with ml, cilLrrivardii iximfipirl ami liruBJi'it tirEo* 
tk (liiy. 'Hulr food In fumincr li clovvt \tr vth'T snca 
Itci-bPU^H bi mnljUn cl uiUtuii! nif tlui Juivi«, duvei- 
liHY, iwd pulvcriifHi vralnul-viJLc. ^jvtt vLiub lH>illiiif 
i«4l^r ihi |iikiLroi], anil Krlii nd*] ^l ruldu'l. In a BboTt 
time ih« oAttIo iNut tbi-ir bnjr, gd'W wFrintb^ rrhnndt 
nnd flit, EUid in iiii)iMVri| ah e-^ ilni}b]i< lin^ir vr^lun b> 
iho bliUiher. I'h? tuniAlo <ir loic^Jijiplu v^fi/^iJiirn 
/.HfrtrtT*kuiif't.tvcxWu*iy':h iTki^d ill [ liJIiiEmj^ikory, 
fomiA an articLo of ft-.id-cnllLin: ncrv p4>nj{]rii. jind 
c[iwiAlly in HimlyT from "tdKirxo it EAcnl ia >a|>1«^ 
iV^^nkOi, and t*viv«t tniVTi« nn tli' Mf«lit*iTBiinui ^n. 
'11:6 tfrrivry lit tXttf rfiiftl sin//t id^rry^lmriTv^ 
nrul |in!HiiiiH idmi)*! vtvty ^aj^ctyuf »>L1 auiI cJiuaJd, 
: TIk a^rii-LdLiimur lliis Aida-apt^^i cDuuUt l'iuUv!cb 
' aEL tlto prodiiclMof t^nrctpciLn (r(ilbiirEUuqa,iDucdict ^ith 
j ditikjci (4Liplk b 'iignraiid j|]iligi>) uliEnh nr4 rarely unulu 
, 'ihjprUi^r Ulli^riri Ai>y pArt otbiini|i#' A tii^l flHiT9|>- 
liim 4if llic •t,TlMi1tiii»' f\f tlvtf fltnlM Wnulrl m|ii{;v h 
Unfu vidEncit- WUInt-i^ivl tu tlic Ln»i iii*iincr of 
i^l'HTiiit; kirmLliviilfrdtii jteiLaluikl jfuwtb'jf tcaibcr, 
tbo frpJViLhiiic nbfirn-i^iniu may tc Af uiCr lu a "Ar*t 
■flttlor" In l^fiBO part* i^f llm vountrv *burti wood 
la of but LtUo Vitlnc, thn tnv* An" fi^jbd in 11(1" nf Unm 
■iiinniflr mcntbi, the cartltfr In iJio fi^H^ii iliv VelttT. 
Eu tliiT Htumiia uill In l«Muit taiwvut. uid the Inn 
will hjivc aWb-Gr Uuiv (a lUy. Tbc Una ht lUl tin? 
fnllitUfinijr 'prinjf, wlurn iucb limb* ii* aiw nub vary 
ii«4r thv ifTr^iinil ibnubl l»mtr>lF, th^l tb«y may l-iirEi 
llie biyUiyf I'tf* niEint ^w put 1i> th'in in tlti^dtinft 
[rivt iif tha UDEitb cf Mu>. ^r, if Ih*- v']iiA<? of ihit 
niuriEb ikuvi; vid. U nit*y t-*' A|iplir<l tu (Iid liq^iuninif 
c»f .liiiiu. Only lliD Inilivi-if tii'ir ti^x* H lEl imitaiii nftcr 
tnimifi^, KEiJAnniuiif Iboin ^ill bo butticJ inlo pit/«rt. 
Thnv whirb rfupiift) !« I* iTiaila ■bml'T ar* oiEt ifi 
pljifiei flfflrly uf u li-n^-ilij dr*wn Wig»th« |py dwu. 



w 



AGEIOULTCGE-^WRICULTUaAL IMFLK»CN7^ 



biiad in «b« liH9*t ■■^ lnira«d, fudi Irc* adJ lo^ 
bvia^ l OicrT* ! ■■ aay lie nw^cd f^r Smx^oi^ iba /ctf. 
'^M tivtug of ihm nil k, dvtlnifv th« Er*«b nou^ 
and Iht Mbn nuJit dj t^ hnmine u« w baarhmAt 
^numireiolbDlui'lp chat 1l irlll jirudim a ipxid cTtfi 
«f wluiu i^r linlfia-<ifr u mtllujut |.ti>uh:li,iui;- kaclag. vc 
Bunanuc- If ueh Uud IJa iu >ucb a lifiaiini lluA iM 
itotLiritl ctimrlh ai*y turn to Ixttci >0eai&i&t wLvtlKr 
Car (UQHT or iir«imo<l» it will b« vi aaittrdtmJiLM 
mui« ^ bum t)i« wnd nn Uin ffvmiEut. Rut if ihu 
iPmi bo Ukdi ciITh thft Und muu ke ploufiZui »fUr 
cIcAiiui;. Qi it viti ehiI ^e-ihJucc * vtv\' uf 4uy kibij, — 

«f iho Uiut*d ^t* ■foi lb iBcM |>itrt»iilBiv, wry 
MnUv to thoH di iimdt BriUin. CimunaUmtuM, 
lu>w*np, i«i|iiir« TtrlaUonir, tvUch ttu MfsdlJ c^I ihn 
AmaAma culiiiLtcr will loftd blm v> vloptp alum lu 
ombncliiiiun l^ l1i* (fpiuiojit oT tluvc >*lw uuJtL^ 
«t«jjiil lb* Bn4UQa brtlnr i\an the |imctlitc vf tiu*' 

liutLalhtUuilvl S(«t4«th»ivvvrHbtUnH. 'Hm 
l^nnpi&ii oiltinuiT ii 1«<1, by a BipM tn hit own 
laiBBk bo«xu3iBVUiu Ut ibUmiIw aiCHl dF IiU LuhL; 
ibv A«c«ia» fuliiraAor hu tLa auo lulacflDtbt Iv 
suk* tb« imM ar hi* Ubonr- ^^hmpit, luvcwr, 
tfaii pnAttpb la ItnTri"! 'w gvBmUjr cttnol tu nn 
iiii|Mit«lJ# ariivatb ftol tiM fAFmart vould rimto 
man buiiellt fpam ih«Lr Timl, Tf tficy vi-n b> limit 

tiwjr a* aAfpl lu t'll ihnrqu^hl/ Hid U> i»jvmn 
jibdbduilly, A man ihij pSKn ■ Uvk* ]«"'Lfd 
Wttft* ■rilitkiKit baiD^ mUcJ Oq b/ jfovl liUtluhilry 

t» bLMk Mi>l •cm&eb'jvtr tlv vluOt u t«M«» of 
Ui Al0L H« naf «clc1vata «idl ibue iurU vbidi 
an luilunllr moil fvrlDv, ttnl tuttat ihm nM 1» 

^evn U ivmuvat jtHiiir*, wlvdi wfll ^lold Kjid nn 

^ff vfau;^ mtmhif whwh in txparlAl, TuUt«r*nplli 
lAu bUhum Aiid ttri] n ci«llntl.v ftrlstibHl lu ijht 

•Jiubn In lUi «>uir7, noMllMVUlIu Ur. ITub 
1mH*« ftU^ MM*^ In ibv odtaM «< U, Via, 
8«olbtPtj hutn u* Utnunbl* tt iTa {ifxHlUflLoii cj 
ricv, au^r. uid Qittim Tbv ruof hu^itrilij/, nr ih^ 
oUifof iqD;B for Ihv pnrmvqf frnJliic oatUv, it 
«| Ui bsbflrUiwa b Iba Uatt»l 8Mrt Ihu n Gnat 
fcftifci. ^fbc wUlan trt at a»r«n In lb* vntiurn 
■Bfififi id tlrt Uniao ihal lurn^v* cui nivlj^ W v^teb 
rtt UpV grtHUiJ. Mil all aorta ef r»Aj m iriUj mniu 
diflUnitj imaarnil uhj daall oul U «teck bi thu 
ftsalf^ lun bi duav latkb |?i—i]n a tuUsr diinaW. 
BiJiia^ haffh man tOaUj mala (nan ftnd in tko 
Unbml SMBalbaftJnOml Sdilaia. ««lbf lu Uh 
w>ipii f'or bfjHMiJbu b*i^ jawwJly ihmv drji acd 
tb* HIM mora pimmidt. Tta Ajmicaiii jmblb Haoa 
at iiFi— lit faSf ««w» «r Uia Impdrtanrt nf t|4>1t«i 
»nf aTtanlHlg kHmiUwcl ThM aUle of Manaubu- 
ac«toLa«anr«f«Ulad«mtdcfaUDMiia loadd b> Ibc 
<—!■ ii Im acricvltmid mcittiQW in Ibat coauu^B' 
*»aliL. lBB4Aaliciaifvllwfmau4iiwf livliWH]r7, 
caUl* ahenrtt aod ashihitiimi nf naanlArtbrH u* 
In mtntmntt tb* Dnlvo. ani wriodtnl 




■bJ ■*»**i-W Ad aooMni «t nO iauortMii neanl 
^fWWMMHnpaUUiadbiAffrMlalU. Uaa 
«t ttbnia, iMlllv md faLarprW faiw dtftiBfV)*^^ 
Ifcirnaiiiii faf tbab Uvvutu and lihma «fff«t- fn* 
IhplBMVfaiMt of Amcilaaa bualaadr^^ Mrtian 
■|>aa^ bara batn bnjBrtad, tmd bwr* awwo t J u d an 
vnD A*I iU« ba*v aov bi nm d— oa la tW 
V^U«Mm. IWBMlaiibMiladbniAiorJbWi^ 
aabla ba«v Ub iaiyeta^ \j imiOBB fnlii&i|*rftWt 

^■bluih; and tbv* pvtdlaa gHHDlJbpc^ibm 



a(Doa(( BWicf mt<Qf;;'qjt;e aiul Ui^b ttauLliD^ ia lliv 
vomraiutitj^ b* pfouiiiia tho pmrpKrity ut AmdrToan 
B^iaaltur*, ^FptinfDmi&livn ra^nbnif tb^ jigrioul- 
tvn- od nthrgf n)imtn#\ ■«> Ui* ^rtirlM nfiffitoi. Den- 
marl: to) 
llie lovfl clikbur»ti; mu! odutplcu imwltini 4vurk ou 

f^4it i^j A ^iinlti/rt, uiitord by Mr, J. C, Morinn, 
ntlipr VLLipka *T(-[1 worthy nf ii^jtiija ■rvSUji^Hi^ f'OtfX- 
i^ ikr l''iirm, liniiilnii'ii Kuf\irU\^*yi\a fj Jtfrt'Vi- 
lure^ ^V'liiua'a Our J-'am Cropt, CurLa' /'ann Jit' 

rt« abitll iintj» tha lavFt «*<ntifll hBatattsati iHa4 
iiit tb* mutivntliin of tb* gnund, wiut tha BMlfm 
ImpivtwnfntA that Jiatc b«n iiuild on thnit. ITw 
flnt 111 ImjKirUJici] in iha Vuyvnis. Jha iiluu^U ^w 
(jriuitEiiDi triintriwl l» itii Lliv nvrk tif h piwId, cuid 
naa pnlALVibirintivd aftof tb« ictn^ncbHni «l tillofEr, 
nrvfMfl'Jy to «lJaL l9«naM«am<liiJiBtH t)i4|/]nLjcb 
it lint uwd, ttrtfaitUJ^cf Ih* aanli htlng to uyliia- 
nril Uiai mmly tnnlcMng Ibo fiirfaof la a HTlHdHiL 
Iin|fUiiii)ii lur QU(K Of tJni^flti llnrv htb luaay 
rkTLelic* tiT fond, «uit«4 to rJifl^nt vsJa aiid unJaa 
^f ailtuTflt nl l^iy ill hvtt 4 Cvncr*! nwmblug^ 

]« t^f^jr IfJii^ f^natmoMd Wltli or vitb^^nt whae^a! 
thtf totavH ifiitHi fiklLai] irA/rf-ji^iitur/^ Uu Lmar 
nriri;;- y/ir>ii'/il& £ach of th<a« kbilii may b* iffda 
i]uiLmi;Eii*lw4 hf ntb«r ctfSUBatatj i^ a mb M tb* 
f<>rni I'f Iha qiould'b&vii ud iliarai llurir opamtina 
in nuLiof on* ar nt^n forrofa a1 ativnai tbt^aiat^ 
and thodqiUi at vbicL UifV aio nlmlatMl |fi«-oik, 
Om okM uf ll1■lll^b^ tvbid^ may nr piav i^ot liairo 
wbtvK arv uulvd rvnforul jdvu^fiob TLuh oroaa 
iionhtrurtcj. tlut cinLiniabiniis at anv Bii3v«t a fidd 
all tbfr fwT«ini nuv U tviitd one ^n^, anl tb* 
wbola lUfffao* ov*ftam<ii oLpnUnaoatly in otia illrtC' 
tion. fur tbia [>iit|hmm ivp ini>q[ii^boatda atv aoi' 
[lE(^), flitoii i^imof iiabi Hvric altmwUly; an tbjil, 
vlwii ftU Urtr furruw^lLo* yrv to ba tunfd lo tbe 
eaab. ouo cf tlm nwuLd-boarda Uy* tbtm uvrr tu tbc 
fyht «f Ibo ploub gobg norib. tbu btber t<> tlm Uh 
of it aenl^aoau. Tba KabtJiL iuTu-i«rBt t^ujfli 
[* till* Eavl p«f«t Af Ibi* i^tiiiwi ■>! pbHiglu^ Tbi 
iiLnd<MiA»rita 4r* Minfily imrrnw ■ifI|iii(i( wovI annai 
t^nv fovt lofli', cDBDHtat loifVklier £n fnirii jaift 
Ifrhlnil (in tiMie, a(jJ «^>afaiud from caoh ouor 
bobbJ by a ivar pauuu Ihjvu^b a iUt b tb* aula «a 
mi t* fwQ u ariala <J tB" to KC, TbU moraUa 
tfivtgl* liin^^ Ixliinil tha niiarv, uuj it find altar^ 
naialy bn oni *ldfi nr tbc nthrr tn a* to briaj£ Iha 
Dffiuld-boanlB Into aoUun aL(eiiiatrly> I^MoMkV 
iutimnal ijIoukLi W t«v uiould-bu*^ placvl md 
Ui vud, aiul ifl *a anvutfWtad aa fcc In iliaool I7 
ntbar «uJ altamalialyt lb* banm aixL plsogbB^ 
rfiauin^ thadr p«ilion. at Cba aad of tfnfj funoH. 
CoaiiDa*li;ni'VrHt|ilmi0hbMt«iitniaiPa»M-baariU. 
tunatdad brliiiul ami blatini iu inoit a* lu Ifaa 
KcnlU |Juuf1i. Ju Hiujtli'* lum-wR*! pluuc^ 111* 
lavitU-boaavl wblnJt ut aut ia uh i> elbratcd an w In 
Iw alacot dirvHly nvar itiv iHaai; iba tn'a bouiU 
Iwinjf littubnicl tvi ft Intii^Uidiaal ibiifl, tr hu*h t* tiinnvl 
n>abil *o aa to Inns ^^^■'^ <nbo waild^ padUan 
vbcQ itqulmi— A cvttlrviBPi:^ liaa loan nff makt- 
baiacd aa le ivbelbtr tviiijr «t wIlhJ pUivub* mtv ibc 
b^ japlamanlft. lb* fanHr, it v gvo-tally bsUtrail, 
ni|air* maro »kill in th*ir up* i uid ilia litt«r, it in 
upiitfally iMMTtfid, iv|iiln* a •nimnvbtt iMbfT nrti- 
dldoD oE tin land In <jnLci tc uao ibtii- Wo inpiiaaD 
tba^ /a alBeluavta tbu uliool'pluiirb uini4 ■>■ eaa- 
aiitaivd a laon paifecl jju|>Itiu«iit tbaa Uv kvinc- 
ploufb, A iDOTD Duf^truL ftjrRfW-iJiaa, vf a a^v 
oat. mhy )« lurnnl otrr wiik la« ^mHanlty br m 
■rf h; vidttoi^ thn vt'UUonof thi dbMi 



ACmCCLXniUL IMPLKMJLVTS. 



€7 



uAtmSr ■*■'>■ ^ bcm«M Iba ^mtshu ^ it » * 
fifed IW •^^jrploiicb^ «« vo fionrftl Wricrtbui 
vbHlphn^'Li. S;UI ih« bftl»na» nf kdtiknUeB u 
aol fe* ilMUftlJj' in ftvcMir nt <h* lMt«f M tn iftiil'T 
ti Uktly la Utatk^AMi %}un tfic i^iivpUnjuli hu 
Wvi lrct( [a uw^ Tlit; *wint:|rku^1i b alumt tbe 

prngli w Ijuio luiDvn in t^milMtd ttll *tK>nt Lb* 
ir«*r IT44* *tHti ^teuiU* TDrtbod nf ?i>iu1nftiii,g ti 
■fpin If] *rciu Biioatton, Tbli lajfcakmi inscfauile 
lonDod i^ iiiouJd'buiird (f|iim iliAiLiict bulI tijijEtlt- 

U * AcmUMC of * oKfelnforvaiiQi^ciLUjrthd b«ua 
had Hsce Imd laid A^ol It kfe* kmri fifaputvd 
iHivtbtr h* tuok (Ik fiaibafuun nr the oJif ^tnObli 
plwgh flor th« IwU of hla tni]iravaaenT>. Tbe 

BbimTa tmttt f''i d» ptir|H»t of adAirinij; ib man 
Cirwlniljr v» pArlit^vilnrideafetloiH Niil oinnouUiioH, 
Of ItM It h» bcfln kihId flotinlT ot irtfo, \tmryng 
tbov vhit iuTD inUixluAvrl inoiPfUaU'iiH uid tm 
f if V fffgOW tn t>irt rnntlr^ictloa cif tbo iwlni-'pldiitfliH 

Onniiv^Mu, tVuiluu. Anil fWlAi* tm amoag un 

■HV^lJorOfh, wIlJEcll a/!t.t la^lilr^ut fe f^uK«T- iDftafi/l 

«< li& ««i;lbtf, a Lu^ (bt |iliLt* it CxaI to tTi« ihnrriH 
h ft vwtiMl pbn^, cnnvaxiniiiUii; with Um Ivul-xldri 

owt t» eal dw fTJunil Tbv objout of tlda Oihuin 
u (d mnoTv Iha Tt^rtMin iii>tew*hry to mtkit tbo 
TictinJ inm«on £Mlh*r ^f^eU (roirj tlw fmiul <il dmiifht 
Ihfen it & inTilUr- tvpAi imvl, anil >lut b> av^iI ilirt 
dnkl^ nf the }t1oiljih li/ nv^tvli bjiiI nibhiah. wliiuli 
iO^Mtiun IimJ^v licfiJie thb (utiltor. bcnn^th Uit bvuit 
VWi-titvugLi^ bi ■ irn*t ^nrivtj «f f vov^ u<e UHd 
ia Enrfud. A fntC ochL c4 AlldUtioii |iu IfHD 
fti^B tcr many yc«n ta thv improvuEimnt vF thit 
-"t— of itlDu^lK 1^ nirh Tf\n\iin\ u 1iiki>HniTif«t nf 
iHVidi, Honjinl ta Ucilforvl- KaitO' «I bvdiile. util 
ArnlTt uf CnriblidiB, lu VUba Jl. vw ^Ivc £|j:uraB 
i/lwo ■Ir^l'ijluuLifiiff tlMDiovt nni^iivod cuiulnio 
ttMy tU. n«*FiLnl'< PaUnf J'LiuiTAt hod RuLnomtM, 
Sfau^ A If*bi3'i .V/^rrVMt/f Friu Flau^k. In Iwnh 
of Ikot* U Will tio^tn rFiiT ttf 4i vliivU nm rrnpli^ysfl , 
Aa Ivp* ^1 ij' 'i^fi ilk Ihu fiiiT^^', thu Finulltr id 
IDIOM tiitf taqilr B-itli liuie lb k^uuuJ m t/im cuiiltcr 
for «ip in W-plMifLinc, it* DETh?:! Icinfi ta turn in 
Ifca «tgO Af ):r?*n mi^iHf whioli itduH oEbcrwiiB 
MOM biirtel. Ilovofi^rt fil^^nfh (hv liipiK) ^tin<] 
riMBiM friH foT thfl b«t Bliccl'jnloii^i int ffpiirm] 
Mnatfi M till] uiHtln^; of Uiir RuyiU Avrivultim] 
SocWlir btl4nL L«iL!at<)r 111 T£*]?. Miaarx Kiufwin* 

WB* brau^t anl «t tlie Nrwnuitlff iDc«tine vt tha 
Sjfal Ajcrlcvjllunkl Viofllo^ \n 1«0I, ftni thvrvviA 
Imr Alt <f ui firti prlxnL At tlio IjOmtmn^tiD^ 
fa IMA tbn Uvrv tbr oiiN ijIiiu^Tlii wLId) win li 
fria ia tttrn nf tbu v«t«j ^UvttioLiii in a^IiilL |irinai 
«» elm. TTioj" ^ro tan^c lif (lillinnt ni»» *nil 

v^*«ti V lA BAifin: nnd Hioy ^fi Iw ritloi ^iilt 
m u t uant IrcuLt W <It«p ciT ilinllMiv W'>4:, ri- Fur 
tvftva kbiU nf luQ, Tlur [ilmL^h tlj^nETcE \a T\'.tlf 
lib kted wStfa* iihnrt bnwtww Ui U'vJupUd 
Ur Hb onllitfer? werk of ihe tfeftn, i>L>v&Jr^/brT«jiT 
■Ihi^^ rjLTier vlth of wlbhi>u( wht^bi. Iavo alio 
bin DttrodiiH*! in iuliIoetl Ldi^^- i'lgxiTua rf ivo 

ud FMrkq^i^ willljn fMiiiil Jti Ftnta IT. Yndnim 
•dKT kapkoiciLU ha>v bc^u uioJ for vtlrrluu Ih^ 
KiX ■■cii ■■ Ibo aiiixr, fue foUi'niuj- Li tlK" furr^v of 
ft eowoB pli4^i BAd tDi>tniiiiu: tljiJ j.'f4>u1]|I ti< ■ 
pMtT d<ffta, mthpot bciE^riDguf UiuiulMuil; Beid'i 



PvLtitit Pivuak, oAf of Um moM vffiJnt botrumfliu 
far tlijv pnrpAHy ItrrffviAM laTlfefto IL-lioor 
lEnplmiMt* ftio ia ■>* f or ntnlng fend Imlvvrinni; 
ttiA itaL tflthoDt tvnlJif % ovap, Tb* uiqiknima 
aXlad oiliitaiw-t, ffttmn, or vw^ifn:!^ nnrU H 
CvteiuvtV CiiEtivjitar, fl4[iBw! Oil PliIiV II.Mvcf ihlft 
eitmt. TlivT «n f «a^lHtl wflh Ivodj or Uw curr^iir 
oWmimTy fofwnd oftd ftdoi***l f'r |«iwtnlitiK tbn 
t&rUi, lidl thevf jtn provimltil Inm outirit^ ttio 

CKfl im Tjkr ttv Itiv M&tvU uJiioh BUpfKirl tkiv 
icnifh of tlio '^iii(U'-riinit rtilutnUir* arr vory 
uiEful ill c]i4Jirj[ llur Uiid of *rvtdii. balikft itiirln^ 
il up, Ilortt-kuf^ mvpm, uiJ driii-i/ntfjWrM mi9 
attmnhat liaiibr ui tbcir utian on tbc kil< Ifut jov 
JDl«Ddad 1o pMiMnto to ft luuIlBr dopUk uil to wof4( 
Ivtwevn the rtrtUn od twftn^ limir*, nr <vifn.- Tlio 
llAiuaw, Cnmiiian Slurom jw of vt nUnnj; *h*^, 
anh uKiitJULiIui; |w«n^ tlstft Ikvr <ir iIe laobco loa^ 
lencjth thtbulboTlUftia wUlob tbov MvuvrHOiL 
Alr4t hftiTCiWi Brodiftirfi voiunvSafc by whkfa oob- 
Ij-Jtoji?* ihtiF Utflli do iwl f oUov cc^ fitlivr m mw«r 
hue KOftMh the MirtAfD mnn» oflootiiiill/ Thi* *mi^, 
ftft iiHdftU/ mnntrartfK], ^n n'ltTilnir morrUinnik btiulor 
liiit-ri-iw, fNHptLjjif 4 In ^av |>ttcv, ftrd w]iiqI£tub» lix Inrc 

»t*t *Nry ttfn^L\\o. T\ify xn tviutr^ioUrl wbrlly of 
kroit» u* uf ft EE|ztu^ f jnu, uid bnv* it luyvr nuinh«t 
of l««th thftH ijip ii-ini"iu» h*rTwi»". Moftnn't JT*' 
vi>I«iri|j Iiiukii IfaiTT^w ft riicttllerrtly itdofiUd fi>r 
IvLiim^ie nniU W tLt ourfito?. sod puIvrrlKliiy tlw 
luid wEou under flUov. e^ n> to Bfeic ope or li*c) 
|il<kucblB^ In «an«tioiL viih th? burow may br 
laannoTivd th* f<]|l«. ^"fairli. hy miv*htf a dndiljr 
ttrriaot fi n. [rnijivt^T pdi^rnnl lilih, '■lahW tTi* 
boDth of Ibri h&m>vf [4> r»[ilrr«liiJ iltsp nfll Ibo wooK. 
Nor in lb Ik hf oiilyKivlw^ liy !!■ c«Di]mB*JvD furt* 
It o»iir<jl(dAt<« iLo iifnnjBil wltcn dn pitlveHciiit; pn>- 
euBOi KUy liato nula it t^w l<]ope fur llw pluit 
iDtandfedtoluiiaup, orvh«n«iopviv*dmii£bt ftlilglt 
ifpprivi* it nf tf»* fininlim" Trijri^Jn fnr >t4 vjoetihtliin^ 
or wlitm, ill coi]?e'|ueim ai tlic n'lDtcr'i m>i%, tliu 
ftUltimik^hjH'ii wlmit uiuy, fmm tJil li>ii|iiL<Aiiu wf itfi 
roHL<t*, \jt ill ilniii^ct (jf btljt); ilirnwn out. OnfihcUy 
tUi> Tnllor «!!• niuicW ft tij'tiiidi^ of wfinil, irofi,fit 
cUiLD, uid thia i< atill it' VEin*t u«iftl form. TliV 
[rnnHpAl nirvliim Lin]jrnvnT>mlaii|)rri It %f* th« dlvf- 
»irjn ijf tht cylliMfr inin mjutj i^cce*. nil Mnm^ irfnn 
(JUL- uilt. AJtj uUiiuatjc|> Llin ciibVL^uii uf SL bit^^ n 
kHca af aIkvJp^ niiii totttbfi! tdfa^ mc^ftf fttcDfieEiW 
pf *Aoh otbpT. oftfb mib iad<)K«kdent motion. T]i« 

CHTfn^inn r<f thi« fntm r««nf to bo fttUiDcd In Omm- 
til's (1o»l <^ii*h'r. of vfaipTi II TfjiFrtmtAlian Ugiif^n 
1q Plfttw !l- CjlJmliirnl >*niiiwrit-TTciTi rfi|]wr% vhUh 
uay ht lilkil lAitb wAlvr ftt plvftiiurv» «o ih» to i^Ii* 
tbom ft ^(TiAt« q^ncbt, hftT* bvan ivOBnUy InlTAdoovd. 
Kottas MOBL Of ihnm (he MtntMn SmMIi hn*, 
niHVHnuO tti )'Ulo II., !■ porhi.p« tho«IiiyptHt l*y 
RMiiovlfif Lhr ftTrrit ctrrfiag tht Irfftb, bvd r^nofng on 
tmt mnu1l1-blmnI^ It bceoiDM ft iloaUv niDUU-witrt] 
tilH^iiL''1i.^l~>HiL i.'NjCttnOL ^c«i3 *n uttd m dc* 
l^in^tLr;; th" n-r-l In fv^ivdiatuit i-o^ix nn ft 041 ouT' 
ff"'^, (11 llio lop <4 ft nivfT*Ttr ridi*, in lU InlvrtftI 
U'lttrn l»vn ridu<-», HI' »n *hi* hnttotn i>l ft (rrnmon 
fiirmw, CVirTin wlu^n diTri«f, 1« iintally n-tvti In ibe 
^ni M tFt-«fi u'nyH, ',iLnif|iH En tbo ■cc^iivl, Miul pimiii) 
mid liV'.vtiFi ill III*' tEiJirJ '-r f<-iijril;^ Oni* voU'luiowii 
funu »f llif iPrill michino in ib« riblmi|c plneb, 
r?prwuiitv1 ill I'Ubo 11. ATi«thr<r rnnii,iiHd wpoddly 
io driilin^' (urn}r*— tlio onJj niod^ <f tovnig no* 
prartiim! in rtiwtUnd— U rcfiwiiuii in PUto til,. 
nmlrr thv oaitiii uf Mix^dic'p Tnnjijt IMII- Nt!!! 
□lOTo couplifAli^il fciniA lit lou^lanwt fin* rnwlof aII 
y^id* of wm io dnUii, Wo been JnTvnl^d. nnd whtr* 
i»LiL'b oropa Mf^iv to ht c4c»wL doriji^ tlicLr grovUi 
au imftonftlU kdTintig* li g^lnvd bj w[d(; tbmi 



«s 



ACniCCLTUH.\L feOnO'll^i^AGRIPPlSA, 



hoi ihv jmoliA of «Dinniir hmtdok^t ftUl pHrvhiU, 
«0i| tuH rt#ri hfipii piLTtlpii lo f;i-p4lf<r prrfrvitlnn Uiiii 
lillliArta Iff <ubatittitlnj; for cba imtvftoJii thruwiii),' 
4i ■ocil lij ibtf liEWiil Uic UUci-Uh'ubUvl uoftfiaent* 
cF • tfTdwicMtt tamnf-iQKJaoc. A <Inwiug <\t ft 
if a>T4n in VUu IL— KtJirtNO Mxtiuxv. AufhlbM 
vhloli (4L4 Ch* pU* 4f llwicflli* it! onlCiiijf rluvn 
Uio mm fiftvft conMi lotn ffrnortJ \jar in iwwit tumt^ 
tikiiifli it in u i-MUiIiJvxuLJr Liiiivilim thf^v mct" in- 

hy (In Star, Afr. Ui:ll nf UArinYljo m ir<irfh[-(hlrv 

trHtlntfl ft piwbiiim from ibb lii^tilaitii iml Af;n- 
Cultlll^ Sookty i^f SnilLini^ aud it Im toinvwliat 
minAFliKlJol.fiMitiliTiiAc4itnt,tn AHiiDPwhiLt iiiittri'iM 
tarm, hUII AJulLuun utiu ul Uil- Int uf IM kiiH II 
ruU bi>f ciirn m wiili tJuua b> mavis of a hoiiionl*! 
rtpw tjf lii^fii bUdps, tban vn botb hide*, tmuAitli 
^^UAt. ju lilt ijiMihinD » drirtn for**fd Ly Im>p»^. 
VKiUur mv i>r tJinUtr bM<« i« mviv t^ 4n]|iit#>, 
Cliejp vf N rutUnff right bml J^fl with t^ov aii'Vi* 
tlivm, TliH ciprii iljiw dj^i^^l b twei^'nl uciA «kr[.PiDU 
fiuiVAit, lUid ^a^d hy ii im itic IbijlI in ri**- TLlf 
im>t HtxuMDf AodiAmtii-iiJ- of thii ma^hinit u-b 
Ivru Amahcan onua I'y llmivy imil M'i'nriDipIc 

liJ(e<aL]u1)Jnr«« f uoh u NiraiiDlHiL'i. U^ iIia wrn in 
■liawrt* naily l" W Uriuul uiL^OtLnr mii-uriuib iiu- 
fhsasDtafVVUlrlB diicdy lq tlie (vaIIhb oJ ttscL.uiJ 
kciwii by lb« nun« of cbUT-ffiilUkrw, «am (ninbtrii, 
limlp'pntif i^ f»i , urn prtw ffitmiiivly^ iiii-il, A fr^flr 
b/ lliL- uiEMl DfTproti^rl fefn n>pr<pwni't1 III I 'rut" 111. 

B«fvrv cciiic^hlIliji^ ^»r lumrb irry biitlTy vlrviL 1h 
tl» iujvirt«nl yuui wtiicli bbt jba&iii-vUEin* D<<« mf' 
ft^rfffi iPi our iiDjir^'itil ■yfWmi of «^culiurh t<'t 
■ o»lilvr»U« lioui tta opanUun vu oonfluHid Ut 
UtfMUaynd Uea pnptffttuin uE twMtcd cnin for 
IIb inAT%nL In wwm rwpfcl* It lut liDn fuurvl irf 
tiHiilJal KrvLDff^ juiij in nmny of iliv b^ mnugJ 

fritTiir* m Uifl Ua'iH*[«j LdiU«riy Mt^ani-poitiir bim 
li««n QHil* iw* D^ in lumiiif ii|i Uiv viit. tail ifumny 
itbliM* It I* saw DO Dna^ininon thiruf tn *iv ib(i 

tkmi^li iBovlii^ jWfH iJiv flel'l. wul tumlrtj; up tvnt 

Ac mct'LTU HAL SOCUmVL »*• J '/r^afl'iit. 

AnniflKJCTi-'u, in tndmL gnn^nifihy: tmm t,^,-^fttu 
«4^iVfnri\ AbittEifnBdlyJntlip viLlky^^f Mejiu^ 
tAaoA tbfw Diih* Imm UhooiI. TIid miAEi;nj luiu 
tt Moir l^« ruiiia oJ lln uciie«t lUit. u a Iu*Iiiij> i «««, 
■Bid Bo* rtn Ih* ri'«r Sl Bku^ 47 duIh B. FhURi(>; 
km. ir 5»' E,i UL Sr iHr 2i.; pop^ L1I.900. Arti- 
Hllttni m* miirli thihivthnI lurLnn^ thf uiilitiU I hf' 
lirant«laii)> 4M c«LI cif iu foundation, uni-m;- wtilch 
It tkt hbalo«« 1*1^ tJjat Lkci.r^i, wW Uol ki Sicily 
Inn Iba icAenlcaBiEt <>l MinLt, metoil it tl* vllu*- 
l(vA ««■ pBVnlUriy ■trviLj^ 4i>'l impcune. tUndinff tm 
IIlIuI (flim buv Biul iiTBdipibniB T-wk iTrKlfwtftbcvfp 
(tid b^'l nf 111* U4 Tn tni« military »lv«nuvii thf 
dty wUcil llwae of n onnnimiil n^iiin. bi In; hHT 
■* tb* ■•>. vrhbib affbrikd (h* iucabi uf ui »«t 
fat u o jim with tin pvrlAflf Afh4 uirj the lovtU 
(4 Eiirrf« Tba vD fif Agnpntau wu Ttrybrtil*, 
B^ nvAiA ef thsH mltfanm^M (lu arvaJlh of Ajtri- 
pHttilim beoMM Ttnr ][naL It iru tbrrdifrr ooB' 
ildvfea ifeflDDoaddtybiaMly; aqJ J-ulfUid itj* 
(T' M thM ii Mf p — j J la lewkdcut ol ikF>pcihniUK:, 

vn A«c-nnit of Mb many iBnptw asd apUndEd puUk 
fcuildinip, fihvf of itji am/ttmtnmnmt Anvnir tb* 
Dnt magfufinaftt <-tf Ihvwi buiuimifk mr* ch* bnnrilM 
rtf IfioMUt nf Jupkt'' AukfTrla. 'A Iftfnltffl, Uid ol 
J>t4Aff Olyuii>Jui; Ihr IaIIvt, Aldch <inl lb iim hdiI 
ir tf J«a4|:n ^ivli lli« )iiic*t LiaUia^ vMtrvnv, 
by UmIkv {Sit!. 1. 1^1} U Ia4« Uo 340 fwl 



]«eg, 40 bmbl, kivl 120 filnh. Itft foonrlACion tiot 
beiTui indudoilj whbll *vi» iLxLf mQArlLAlik fi.r tlw 
t»VAvniw htiii"! upun uluch it flluiid. 'Iiu: Lcijj^dr 
*r«« pTUtlnnnUd Milh »linirifcl>lu >culptui\', lluC a 
Wot prvVonlffd tho H'lnj^totinn nf iX, -vh^n 1}'4(h Tti^it 
only nnuJoftl ^ntiukiJii^d. \n*r itu* pity no* ik^ 
Arlinpi^ iLti- r?ul i»nt of llip foJM h.ii^. nNnuT it iulIi- 
In Dirt'iiitH uiul lliSity (vat L)f>E[i. Im^ii wliidi flhb wurci 
»LjIjU]iik1 ill »ljuiiijiviua for thr |iiiIj!ll; f«vlii, --4haijh 
AuJ iithT Knt*i-ffinl lr«rqUflnUd it Aft^frrnj^t^ ihfi 
muit liA'Tin^ bcun nflvrvd ta itooirmQlitt* In tliis Imuj.^ 
d «&■ lurntif icM t r#mftriublj fmlElol ^inayu^. 
Ilfjt'i tha umple of Juplior Olymplut Lbd Uiit bVu 
won lljit uctrk nf th niunbcrdf CuilJiwiniAncfcplirtiL 
Tbo |hk™iI* (jf AiritTnium »Wft mjtoJlor Itinr lunu- 
novt vod ^xavoffvil h*\A\m. Tbdr honrt wurr aW 
ruk»uf <Vir:^, JSn. 1. Hi. v. TOU I). Afur Ow 
tufmlflon nf lb* C-jutht^nJftiii frcm Sicily it ftU, 
witli lilllo twiilAride. liudrrtTm I>i»*iirc»r Uii ll(i»n*iin, 
DiiKliifiiH kLuiia liiir |hi|»iiKliiin, 111 tU Invt dhjn, tj> 
liavr b*^i^ nit ](B4 Uiiui 1^0,UDO pvEiMjiift Muy oT 
Uko inndtm vrih n d<«Qi{bc ndnijlcly ihk latfpnMng 
tpnt. 

AaniDOiiA: n C»(4Ln fc^tiial, wliutniuJ at ai|jlit 
in hiilKiir rif Bvclmn Bd wb' inippofiivl In linvu 
lltid, and til* fpraJn anoQnblvd bi tvvk }iim. At 
Wcth, tirfd of thdrtiilnMHxih, tb'y tit'UI(acd Ibut 
bo bad ttkaa nt»et with th« Mum^ ud ««nce*l&l 
hloiailf Fhrnobc th<iiu. I'linv inyittrioB bfc*a biMQ 
lhr>iiffht tn aignify tliiil iL'xrTLiiijf uirl ttiv MuHM 
tht^ufd n'ti^iH|i[iiiy j^Hvi rhiUT- TbA» noVnmily wait 
(•'}Umn\ Vy ■ liuiK^dnt. ii tli« uliiw iiT wLiirh Jt wmb 
CiLulonihTy Kp i*ri'iH-iflL.' to r>*rh i>ll<rr j"hl<IIr*, wljenrv 
^^■<Di4 Jrt UBod 1-1 iJi'Dolv A Lvllr-utLiJii of riddln, 
v^ujtdoi. Av, 

ArtniETA. 4.'on.s»uu» Hr^Ri, lumi iu 1 isrt, ni 
Culuifiic, wjuitnauol Ulniil*. Ifuu-umi;,', niiil crwn- 
Uicity 111 liiN j*>iJtiiht WW w*rFi*ry vtlit Emprjor 
M&uuijtiiui [., iLiljKiiurjjlE^y acEird »ert|i )«&]* Iu 
Italy, iLud wu Imif^liKd' He mym iluA he ivu nv< 
qiiiuitt«i wLtb vitfbt InnipiafK On quitlina ths 
unriy hi flcit'ntrd himuilf tn flnf^imr, wvl miufit pr«- 
trntioKfl Ell An Afc^riHthfjitio* tf Hh mt^iii^ III rorioln 
Icvtunn bn advaniwl wpUiitiiia wlijeli Invulinl lilu la 
rijDt<«U will) ihe mi>EiVa Ti? ibc mbunditr f^l lita lili. 
In IS1!7 be wTDtA * tnatupo On tkt T dn^y 0/ cAa 
Amnm, whiob wtm * «3iiili0 bvtifo upon th* in*lBd' 
puny nT dv rAmmrm inndM Af Liiflii-iirrii^ii, M\t\ npoft 
ihn mpnln, tbvnl'ifrlnni. ^nd mrmtvn <>f ilip viLTtvf< 
vLiioh A; nrulHitiiont peiiui he rmdLiwI oiunhcr 
ttutiK nt Autweifv On fAr Oyv/E rkitv»<r)tkfi. Tlii* 
wu A aVetdl ft TQratiokl ihcaliyty. ckjJiuiiijiB', flb 
tliu pritnpliid of (ha c^Qtiuitit* rjntesi, tiia liu«i«ty 
nf 1ri*> "liirwHiLUry, iv«]rttiiil. ninl Litlprii>nliin| vnrMt 
l(l« pn-Umlocii |j> tklll La nicult ti:|cn«, iitrUm* 
tuly iiii.Ltiuy» kU tu hli nt'd^mij nuuitrvir* milt4^ 
liui« from htbI |vrw»iaL:« Aur] ot]i<» uf Mi^h rniili, 
juk] hi* innliLLty (o uuucr Ui-nr alininl cipocUticru 
|irndiiDiiil ihvi' lut^^ufbl ii*;l«Kt <k| liim Aftrr Ui 
ikc-ttw, X'iHmI^ hni! niKiilfiit bfr> W 'ilnl ■! lji#nnliIo 

in i;i3.v 

AoMiTA, 5Uiicri Vimwnui (b-c. 03-12)1 • H*- 
nmn. Ilic Kii-iii U^p* i>r Aii|;UBldi, yxHa wb^^m b* waa 
K-mrv mfuiil. AtLbirti£h lint cf hi[^ birlb bi« t«dcnt« 
■Dnh rmi**<l h^tn 1^ b^moiir. and Ji* irijimfii >l4rv«<IU. 
Ui# nlrcr. And ilUrvirvU Jiilkn. tho ^liUflbtor nf tin* 
«a]|crur- Ifc ilUtinti'ixbnl hj|ii*Ell u ai^EiiFnd urJ 
iKiumucnUd lbs An* irf Augivlua in IIjii ImIII* tf 
Aetaun^ A> thff ftiiaiilfc ud TritDd rA lb« mi ptwr 
ba mndoirvd nuay nnloM to bin unil tb* Romu 
lUt*, U+VfMl impUl^ftl ■hit upriffhi. iviil k frwn.! 
nf Ilia uu. Ta him Kmav It Liidabbnl for ibrrv i4 
brr |iriiiri|4] »|u«|Q(ru. tud vrrfml «11in- worita i< 
pulpEji? ijkv mjd onofiHuii C>^ A ^ ^tHv*.) 

AtJPimrA^ I, Tbo «if* vt tb« Fjnprror TiW 



AGU£-A»Ae«U£IU'??. 



fiO 



Ttfei^ vrlo very ftlqetJ|PpiBrt htr, vtcnolilijfrid 

daal^ '»( Let HibI lm*tiiu>U. Ai^if^t^' A, w «iIa>> 
qwntljr ■urriitd to .VHbiiM l*kI]iL<t whom TibonEi*. 
•till i*t«imD|> hill loia f« Ini f<rrKi«r iclSf, wTnlnnn^! 
t» pvr^UiLl ini|<hi<irunthl. m dip »|iLnt 04 a J»lr»ita 
nVRl. — if 'ill* jciimaiHt jlkUBliUirol Mnri?i)« Vlp**- 
niuB AvTiji^i^ liy Julm, tbu^ liter cif Auvlek^u*: wife 
of C I'uniyHDViin; lui liouJu witiuvi, A>]cin;i:(J willt 

EAt Tirlvc*- Sh« vmanfmnieiA b<.r bimLj^ini in aLI 
Hinp«i^iH» AniL oaiBHfei Tib^nua b«f »4tt tlii> A-nhin 
*f fornrvlag hta il<m1h, Ti* QtibM. vhi> tiLt«t Imr 

fifF bDF TirttKM BAi] |)D|lu]Ari tJT. tiOmUhbl llPf Lp till* 
bitanJ nf FuiOaUrJJhi wlmrv tht •Urvml Uar»]f bi 
ifaA;ii, ill A II, 3^. itt tbvH^ql i^fir 47, Ttivatliuvt 
of HAktiiitir^ *: ]»i«4m pnawoa foiir fAOmiu biuu 
of tUt A, ![, A ^4ik|ibUr oF (bv Iwtnvtrtfonwi A , 
bad *i*ft«r <if I.'«^fa1fk, hnm ^ (.'rtLoffiw. fhi^^h tii 
butKcu-iif htf «V ft(UTVht\li Cfellc-d t'uiau!a ASf'i'- 
|iiflt*. Hlieliiid ilm UHaf4H'ti]iii; biljn--iiiiiia lliir iimUitt 
mi Kw, l}> Di^rifiLiuPi AliQuo^jurL'hiK. llur lliinl hiJi' 
banJ Vju ttiw Kinpirr^r i '^i.u<IJiii, l^mLlicr '-A h^t 
fBthor. vhn niormxl bar 4klt*r bw La'J ilLv-md AW- 
mI^u. -Slin w» flUttTifrulabnl f'lr tlilUly ftnd JUU- 
t*al ciiA-idioe. but hirr uflMUnn wm bounmaa. 
■ad btr iLAvjtjtwu cubbliikf hciU ilimilutf, S}id mat 
wnt^Bttd of •fun. btr lob. ti> whom vhn w 
>foublwnm ftfiar h« luH bMami ommMr ^4 t, tOj, 
i« ft «Abl tliAl mh« bvirifBd tba UWvW in atab hir 
i« lb« VAiubi. ttui liad broaghl tiath ituch a 



AOVC in rnvJitldv; a Lliw^nlvr livbuifinif ti Urn 

^uhf bu liflbrtcJ lij MriiiMt t*ikn4oi|Ucnf<A, htit iiflDoi^ 
■Ujr iH u mun imjitdttouiv ibLii ilvjjrB7Du% tnd la 
fft^HCiibM ftVA cfiuldaivil uiiiury. Acwfltn^ b> 
tto I f g t b uf thp ajrj>rff*rj. ur EitUrmlHliin brlvwu 
«OV CiitfSa \*s,Tnxy\%a A»J iu>cjUirir. a|[uoB hfc ikno' 

MvnuKbtbftTDMl itlMSoAU^, belli;; jfenomlly htt«nile<l 
will) ■ gnular dfldTH of vii^w^ obi>lr(ii.>1iiiiL tliui 
tboM til* BitAcki of v^iiah Mtum Kt *ti4>rLiir mtUFvuU- 
*n» qBftrtui a|EU«iw*pCta IvininAin Siiilmpir, An 
■gBc punjrytni lu> Iwi divldeil ii^tii tb» uuldt tLfl 

IrcoK «ulJ tn tlic llnl lUi^ ovitiL^ Lm rtruVbiited Ly 
fir* or tiM bMt dF miiiLum. i^uuvFEilly ofbir thu 
B*t*lin^ *tiiff*. IK wliii^li tiLi-M it a firL^MiHi «ihnlK' 
i^m frnm Ihn porta (»f tlw vkiii. wiiJi u Aim a\ iinim 
Jtftft<\<ni; It cnpiwu tediiDuuti nf « kl^rUkiijt ^jf 
Widc'JaBl Bppwukccj bliB p*t[i?jit fftlloLuWi nnfrcih- 
faif llHfs frCiU ivlikJi he uwiVvtf wltbf>iit %a.y jvuiAiar 
■linrdiapoQtiun, «i<Mf^l ■ <lLi{Ll tlu^xV'J4>FLiLD)-uor AoU 
(MhIHt'- A^if4 Dciir E^hif-lly in HilimtuvkH wham 
darv uv itum(<«< ^U^ruvnt n^u rv. Hi tk^i tbifir fr^ 

Cany tU UuUujuI, Iu itvr E'Vnt j^iliI ^^V^t LiJin^ Id 
Jbtt, UdnU^ |KirU (<f I^Ei^bTiiL, uii'l tlitj (Lmlv 
a(|lb>it mtI'I of tbc (.'hUtiJ ^In^t*. wh^rv (buy diim- 
■lih witli li» cETinh^ [tf Uii' >v<jcKia luiij tliu ilrmiruTk^ 
aitb* 1»niU Thn tiPi^hliniiTliixtiJ lif nvflfii ur mvuhnt, 
tf^rwfrjr I j cuvf oily to bf feFDidpd by |wr«oiiii iit&kifcni 

d^ «»aM iima |b*1 lb*r uivrl a tuoio laflLki>n«t pn>- 
«lu«Q Asd kuep nil nil iuifirvHinh upon lb* *yBiviJt 
■ n_xlif tban llial iiuitniiiriirnL^] by Iw Cflimiv nf the 
dHttfla: voih u r*r:ivi4iL lark, vuriimn bltWr aikd 
^Crlng«At tlrupk wrinJn jiir<ulliii ultfi. Ac, 

Ant' b<^iycfii a lut'ut r"ii>r'li]rii^'< L'~i'v^n ^^ ^ lia-nl 
lidBiturfin tbo Uh >iJo u' Vln ^ully, Inivir thjm Uin 
*■:— rlba^ aaiil t> tu tfjv hn<r.'t 'if TnCi'miirWit iy-vw 

nUh«d in iJit HJintln cf FrviLcb dliHiEinuFii and jiiri*- 
p —faiM M - Ma Ivni M iJinnk'*^ In lit^'H, ^mJ catl,Y 
SlBcvd ^LuifiUuLu-i uJunI*. lli* father, inlonLUM 
■f Lfti^ii«d«^ *** ^ ^'^^ iiMtrueEvr. Tiit iiit«r- 



cwnnw of D'A. with liarine Mil BdO»u fiirTn«i! >« 
ivla fi^r jHiMtry- Hii w^ tn la^l nnvui jj'netnl at 

j/ZnAM^ nf iJiki |iJMtkU(irjj[, In tbl* i»ffloc bt dlWtnl 
many intprriv'ui'iviiU in thv Uvc» f^ad llii^ iwLniLuJ'iLnt- 
Eior>fif Jii>t^4^, aful U-4 |iHniviilurvA|VHLhf tb«giiVTiti- 
mcnt iif ha>|it[dl>. Itiinnkc u Cimiti'^ in tlm wjnrcr 
iif iroif btf ni^di'>vHj uJI Ilia |X)w«ir t^i rr^tir^w thif 
'ulfiiiiDif- 4^1 A »t<nil^ tlrfinnihT of tLiT jnl>il?vn ikf 
LlLfi iii>tii:iji iinil tW I'^alJiOMi ijlriai^i bf procufttl tbv 
r<ji>r>lii<n it' tb^ Jin'f'^i>i nl U-ul* XiV. nii^ tbc L'lion' 
i>«tlk%r V'llklT). fi fiL<'Uir<^( ibu yift|iAl lull ftuffftfti". 
I'mlor tlio f^iiVcritiiji^nt iif llur 1 lului i>f OtlnnrLv h" 
ttoa iumLo diaiiLX-iW Eu WI7, but Ull in 1^1^ inLi 
diveriun, "ii iwCriuiit nf Im ojipnnLtJon t» 1*H^« dtf- 
flLnjulivL^nflff^Diof Anv^ptt and ntired to bit counlry' 
<Mt &t Frf«Fiv, lU tliH* piM»0, oetordlfic ia Ihia 
rtWR voHfv lb* 1ia|^H*t 'iayii vf bl> tjf*. mfiT^yird ih 
reading tbo HbE^ iimj«£tti]|f 4 atdr, %nd iiiktniriinif 
bn cLildniu- Ma^bJu:tlLi^K M^rLCiiLlurr. nut) tb<i atU 
luid tunucm Dcai|nriil Til* liuxiirH hi'un. In KS^ 
I'liiit itluDDutv h^tunt l.mv ■wot'^ nWd l]iT'^i>cbout 
l*'r«a<4, HwJ tl VPH t1biij£bl tbattJiutn Lk«l>'A., vba 
|iMni— d th* Inv* of U)a luttrin, vu twoiaHr^ ta 
4lUy iha fm«nil rtiAuniunt, He uim ib«mfcii« m- 
lilomid in bu tuTJiwr difnit^- L*ir tiluufvlF bavjof 
i^kn« ta FroBOa* to MtTHt biia to rttirim? bU affln <>f 
c^hLn^vDw, lie hI blaipalf itanodiDldy W romffd^ 
tbo bnanofKl eaUuigLvinuib, bm bla iQawuni, tb'^DsK 
ihpy wcrp tt flr«c «iiiOLW*riil, EntMrT^ydtfl nnt (iitwt dir> 
A]i|iniliaticni «r Uni jmrlSiLiimEit. Tn IT'i'J fi^li^il Xttrm- 
litv A >4;^;iiii[L liLiiii Utr ojii'iniia^ tIjH ('Jirdiiial DuU«ii> 
bub Hw ivuJ]«J Ln 17.^7 by Ibfi Cvdina] tVuiy, ud 
ill 1 73T rMbiml ui hia fortuur offi^r lit f oriQ»d ih* 
citatjfn of kD:po<Jti4.-lDp UDlf^iniiJty Luto tba alWUtlnauf 
th« uiobcnt taw^ anrl (if a<blirtff wliat va« mmtlno. 
UultliihUgirlifeiitv^HadlbualrULlyiiratbigleaiaji. Ai 
tbc If Q of ci^liLi-lAi} Ih rvtircd Inoi offio*, with B pell' 
^OD vf lOli.UOU fraiK*. mul divd tt» htQawiAf ytmr 
\ll^}}. HUi wnrkt. vhl^ vniuiat of ptndLnjjB and 
t^4u.4mt luiul* il cJt« opviiinot of tlw ]«rlft1i»enl,flra 
vmifi by B^mtJTWrk fM Ijd ni^Miila «f thair liliifl; fftU cif 
Njdnt ji]4tit'liiii>i. tluvakikU yet jmwMrful, uid ricb in 
v^unbl* i£i*lruptiti(i icir utaltaiiwn whJ ]ii*T«r»— Hii 
uujibaw, tba Marqiil# d^Aj^wnarau ^Tlciiry Cudin 
Johu ^pLitlc). |fffT af Fraooa. and itkaniMr of tha 
ARulffTuy vf Scl*iimLdio<t [il I'sna. Januiir^ V?, lESQ. 
Hd wax It Uwyrr, mciriTuiF 'il iU' flnt iiaUiwii] &H*in- 
h1i. iLiid vitHtnf uiii1r!ir ^'u|Jll1<K'fl^ aftftiA-Ardn a faith- 
ful •iJbnrat <'f tb« kii'S. 

laaffiiHl 1UB. wb* liiTU in lil'tLl H* wh* 04b>'iir ami 
■acrutftty of lbuBii]^i'Viiio«.nih'.'i]of liui IriifU^viUon in 
f4|iiiJiL, and |imfn«ir in ii\ii ijriiv«rPLity of >u])Littxn('4, 
rciiw liiiu'V^i^ XT, t-niuti^l Ttim h ciinbiifll in IA60, 
llu I'v^Lnhnd cDBMnanlajirz on AitntotlcV £^n> and 
dinl All[oiD«Uia(>B» 

AuiTl {Dvj/friKfia A^li)[ an Ameiiran animjil, 
umi'b rva'^mblmii th« piifiuK-pt^v Tfkpro an CTVPTnl 
V4nc<Lti4. >1l iEiibpMinuA In Soiuli Amerfoa and iha 
WhI Imiln. Tbvy livv uu vd^^laLJaB^ mbjibBt bidiuv 
trocB. and bunw fn iba j^rouiid. Tliay n1 like lbs 
ai|UimliK ^rnv fat» and niv unad aa fiM<J id Mouth 

AiiAxriL, hinti-jtmir iltBlrl^^mf A^h^nlM f f .r.1 vx- 
tajiillci^ itum l\iv Anuolm to ibc ^iikiiidU: bnundBl 
oh rJiti wivb bf AiniUdDia, (uid od tin Hat by llio 
I'Mitu' (crrLtotie*^ It m llw Ti<;bait, and in ottry 
ii^ppiii tli<t n»oil iHi|iron>! djatrint tijKin thin onart. 
Till- jtrinnifijil l<iwnh am Aiim^ iMt^iTr, itn'l Hiip- 
oinidM. 

AlUJ||'£nu^ lnS*rljrtiimhiitorj;4ki«if of T'nfalft. 

tlic b'J>1uiii! <d J^ltbcr, {<j wlii>iib the tT|rri|itut<v Mt-Tibv 

IV litiL^iilur diilitvnLii?u vi ibu Jevtu (r^nn vtHntAiov, 

\ tvhiuli tlu'y culbiu«Dioral4 to thm day b\ ma vmntX 



70 



AHnxji'UKi— \iyoti. 



/mH iff fi'Aic, DilfcrBil ii|iniiri:» lioiii U«^i imter. 
telnvl bv NnUevTp PridHUJL. t^wi uilnn, oh lc> wlutli 

Iha MA* >« XlBU*- — ^^MTVf I« felM fe StfllllUPt 

ftMiL» ft« dnnbm% lb* ton of C)Fni«<EuAiT. rt^U'l 

AJU'i^i'UL^; i''^^ <jf Hint l^ikvUVt tx'tmndhin. hhI 
bIfilJr HBmutJ for bw |ri4iuuJ »A|paty. J|# wa# 
cvrtubly f<uii (1 i1h £nt uvd 4f hi* a^, both f«r 

who fDUsiwtd thi' *ieL*a friirt of It bufr lisft Ulv «!» 
pnn ivjMnaBtdkWit loiCrtbv vlth lb« CnfltBl onil 
oftlwpgUtkiu. ^£At«i;d«U*nn«tJ(ilUliukA7, 

A4IVLL: Uh iJtuitiuD <if ft idiip BhiKi all hiu- hJIi 

bHiu lulled b«T IuJB) im tA« Ito^aig^ ilvi Ua amrljr 
tritd W iiidv lo lbs «iml anil t^ W liNHi Uibfl 
•ontnrLAl luoltikvl t« lb* iEliwtkin of ibc win^ 
AiD; ft tulafdy pftiJ| In ftno4*nt ftfvilAJ timaiv I7 

vbkA <ran : Abm tlw^r liml wm Iftfav) privntr D-nd 
nqubvi bib* ntuDuml; wLwn U»«liiiiAnu ivu Li- 
be naads * kniuliL* mvl ttWabif phWl dftu^h^rvu 
to Iv BUnied and n^uiral ft dofny, 

AJ<U(4\Jr;dnrMEr, % poM ubl Milbor. bi^n in 1773* 
At Hrt'ltfn'T. uu the river I«o&r, lircnniu iti 1^1 i ft 
BUBoliviif ifip Fnnch AradMny, and lUiti^'UiAjinl 
Miw^lf ^ loamCuJ ImalBLiiuiB iif dig iti^, uiii of 
J^pf** iMy *! CWhVhiiii* into rcf*^ 'Hi* trapiW 
li«a «j tbD Jlio^ ia tho bwt in Uw Fnn«li Innuufti^ 
Ife^ao biyiA ft muiilAttoD 'it lli> (Jcfjwwy. but l>-fl 
ft MHlhiltfitTl Hft trftniiUluI. Utuwi^, ftuma KnjfLiih 
lidnt c^ tlip ViatT tf IVitlr^Iil. Hit vd^itijd irnt- 
Illgl OPttdsl ol tlie tnicwLis of Sftiritfia^tt, A nJii'r ilt 

biMiol'V Hlui^ni; aulI^oH'* ciUL-iliouE [xtlilJmlcHftyij 

li«iiB of jwrtl lo tha JItirm /ViVHiwr. D* wu 
LUnl ta bk t-lvo^ vtuba woQ a&d iikileiRiiJcnOy) 
but wilh iAi>dai»tiaiL Ma fliawDi nobUkftUlo vcinwv 
iu piit'JitLmjf bb tcuadj, X* J/ifl Jf jtaiut JCI'/., 
liiB hnl iiHin. id IJM. m t#w lf*a4t nfWr th* aifirai- 
Ikn of u* UvjT- H« h«U «v«ni pul JLir nitim tliir- 
hn£ Uw ndflUof ttnoT, aiicI op{w*«di lu vimt G«m 
weawrfullj. Hit trnmw d lbs adnuuiatntiiu. U* 

At fatHi|[n ftlfUrK luuIt Jjjliei XV ; iluunh^tiitlmid u 
» onjitM- by fail n«dr vit but iJnfi>(Eil« <rf almort ftU 
ifco ijuftlilicft itftt uriiatitutv the tUtmnui. Duriiiti 
Ilia v^iaftry t|ie lAiiLijuu of Pulvut Lwk ]iUet: nod 

<llU>pc«tt|pta»»>aL K««Ldii»XV,Mei^mft{ 
wbm II M«i« «■ lUbiimtftdgr. *- HaiI rhnLptol hwh 
WVp tbh tajtitfain »oiil4 biTcr bftic uUn (.tftiv." 
jyjL WH Uini in 1710. VpIja hr El^t fttP|«Hml M 
Ibo court <4 Lnit ho flbuek lb« (mctc' >ibo V^dxm 
•f Chfttaaarouit luifir— nf iLu kin*, Sli* olAftiiMil 
Uia an afptntatant ib Ih* wm^ m llftif, Aflar 
■HflMrtaa BuaQT ahuntatUtra «r fAinur ftvl dli' 
i^nn. b« w«ft ■kdmilial* ibtaD^b Urn ififliiam ut Ih* 
I'-vuuiaHilii Diny. ia1<» Uin (lUUiJiLr; HiUi Ui" Abbi^ 
TvtfHi ftoJ ih<r CKuinJlor A1hji««u. ^fbT Cl]ni*«ir* 
An<*i(Eftli llii ib]Lniiiul*ftti<qi o( ihtt itvjwrtBVOE ol 
iompttirjiprh «H <lkip«afftl1o PniA»b«hwK uii'^ 
bb^ d«ifini*rfttol Im i^ Ugh dlnlomacli* rliTftrlrr 
■bi iMd bUMfW MBl^aod, U* WaUd o( h**}^ 
Uniubl ftb«i Iba RvvliitMD td ShvIcs iu ITTX 
■Mbicb iuir i» EOftde a nuikr of fryroiA lo bo. Al 



thf> Bivwiikiii of Lonii XV^I. hn vT-i rrmi^vdrl F»d< 
tho miiiiit;^- Hii |ib<'y wm n;|nilpil by ihn (mm* 
Elf Viruvuan i^i 1774- I>'A. *b ]jfttitlL_T lJivurj««p, 
itAii*jii]9] ill LTr.%fttid disd mbuotlmicnt in InS, 

A£XiVj Jvitn. M. Dt, ba EncKik bii4aJltdHv« 
■nkTt bkipii in l'a>''OBUi^furr, t7l7; di*d ht hii nat- 
4j--i» >Ti M/ik^ NrwkiiLf in. ]^'i!L Ha pnftifttd u 
(■llyui^iui uC Cli^ler, W:irrk]|ft<m» Did UllvrLy tS 
VftJinuutli; Aiii] Luib^itLi^J i^riuiv Hiitka vf b iiil>vnl> 
btn^oLH dctcripbm. kiidc in <o7i]uc<iLLnn vitL hlo 
■Jat't, Mn, IlArlALild it.rJi Kin Di9*t tlaboiWU v«t4t 
It hit fk-»rTat HfttfTt^'fil thfiUnnar^. btpm in 

ULM. Uld DQlliUil iU laifi. U* lt>« DdllAf of Olft 

Jf'fttt/i2ff Maaatint ttoim 17S0 till lAOd, ia v^tub 
»j4Aitj b« diilu^pifftbcJ Uimdl m ft iryr vflcuiblo 
and artortukinr ««iftyiit.-'LQcr Aiais^iiaoKbbcrol 
thi obsTty alia dutii^DiiLod honttf a* m autWeit. 
%ba iMi born kn ]74!1, and <fl«d Jan. 119. lUSb. Sha 

vnota lunoSTi at bar fatbA *iirl ^l Ihlrt. Butwild, 
ft Ufttof Addiun. ft brooT Zwiri|liii» Uw £cfoni«r, 

d* CAnrpfffr i^f irodtrji, Jk> 

Ajkxav, William, an fl&OBflit poFkftli pflAiittr«f 
the tvt HDtiiry, Tu bon» ka AbcriwHhIf* tn I *W, 

AevvIc. KJiU iJir Bar! uf BuiUngLma. Tic iUjiIikI Ivt 
thiK itaiit ill luly. and n^ifvtviadji iLt^W TVjikfy. 
Tho Utfr |HinJna <J bi* lifa ie«A >|KiLt in LciiidoL 
llo «i|jij«d Iba (rUod^liip df tot^ oi lli« vili at 
Cjufcn Abbo'ii ^mt, rmptoitUy NwlTl. Pop», Ht^^ 
Sumarvmrv niul bli cnuntryiDOi, Arlmtlimil, Tbam* 
■ua. ^uiolldl. aint Atkb RftiuHV. Hit bvat pmalu 
BTp tln^p <ji tlM BuoldnjEhAaiiiaLJKi Uiaily aftd Uic 
rvya] family. F* Jiidui ITll, icvH 4tf. 

Alt-tl'1'U [JjViiB'ufK ft g«ni»of Irvtolmlnoghiff la 
tFi« doIutbI jjrdcF A'anrAiM^/rKviT. fliii J . 'j'.imiMoim 
11 a lULtivi; of Cliliift, ^ut Ilu bc«i IbtTrtiLuttil EnUi 
KurvtB mill Nt<rLb AniiTK'a, In Uw luulli f f EurmiQ 
alul ialLoUbiMiSlMan the tUmlaaDd ^luUIa tvalka 
BW«hvi fJantad »(tb Ih* iilanto, ]| ianci iiac>4n- 
mun In uglanrl ftod IfwlEaiuL It ffK<-nt varv futii 
afiflriftUy In p$k%imom tail. Hm wivuT \* biLn], luvy, 
slovy, aod iiuHt|]tiUe vt a flni pnlinh, 

AtUuOh*lo.aiVDky iiiliuid hl lli« Frit}! cf Clydfi. 
bfltwcaa lb* caaite tt Ayi' and Canlt tv, uf a <i7]ui?«| 
fonn. It It ft oonr|'tga*uB ubjc«tk ICVS IkL bJ^li. ten 
inilHfr<iui *ynbi«,fciUigttwoHii]™unriretuiifj|*nco; 
Un. &■ 7' W , IftL W ly I'/' \', lhmEiii>^ld- ni- 
IliaI, nuifiy uf wturh ilurhidiirt; wiftn-fcmirl m conl 
fur tiio t^blu.oi ^aluihtjlDOLt ati^i^utti-f tlnir fiaUABift, 

Suvil ii; a f <w rkbtiU and ^uat* Uv< on itoaatftie*, 
jblnaoniaiantiiOiiiwmlvJLhlQTatiaiilbiBbagBL 
Tbava *t« two Di|d«ii qinn^ B*#r Iba PtmiiBl- A 
ndboiw cfvtK aitiiftlnl nfw ict >iiirmLit. ik naofvl fta 
n na-ioafk- UxnUinl buLa* wdU Ooulcd vltli Otb, 
ayrround it. 

Aurw li,r, moni; Ibe iuttT& nMDe#f it m of 
»op1a that luhabiln Ibo |7r*lor |«rb oC th* Japaun 
Mtand <4 J<*A. tba •T»btliiirD firtioTi cf Ihn t^tad of 
TdBicai at Aft4;hjtJin. tbf viiitlUm *tlr*irily of Kani* 
iftuTka. anil tJie ntido cluln cf Ihi? Ki^illr.^ Itlanda. 
Tbi) briutij (u ibc MujiffLiliMu jaiv. but lli^ir ct.l(tnil 

£|«afaiia nuHi* tboa rml — a pcofdg ditUiirt frwb 
d'r a*idtib&an tbo Jafnaat, l\iii^u*cai and UiL 
ynbi; thiiro'^lrKfriidasfc bm vn apfiHi4itac ta hbd:, 
'lltty liara btudi Hm nr tir InrhfV b knctb. md 
bUri Ijidf. ihkb tbuT ftUutf lojiiun tiA ItlaUtuWr 
ibcir dji -uldn^ fWy ilaiu ihnr liia Uccft, Mi-J piiol 
Una 4nai vp t« lb< dbcni* villi (aalaall': figURa ti 
all kix*!^ IWy u* ■bnnf aad vd'faopnrtbmta^ 
hoi in iirtlD fif Ibtir ^^V* ^Pp*"**** ^1^ *>* 
barcrlMB ud Vft«niihJ»«^ 'Tbt^ ■vpl^'l tbr«v*lvi« 
by bualtn^ tad iWilitifp and Ihv in Jtnia at Mnb En 
»44cT4alidui*Ut<y bdla bi HUamr. Ut Abu* aiv 
bitiand lo bar* Look iLo aborifkiLa] inbnlalaBGo of 



AlSSWCElli— Alll. 



111* ffmiiiiui lutcrmUluv «( ChiiMn isnmisruU with 

AtmoRTI^ DiL Hf¥Rr, ■!! RngMihnufi. irh/t 
diiiinnitai»d bburitf iibi>DE IQi^^l onoTig^ tb* bnvn- 
blb Hit kiio<r]fldi9 of HdEvcv. *ml bU ^aataUuaa 

Alba Duly Jfnipliwi, uwual tusi Binuliivptitafcjaii. 

1ia|nb&Ua atury laid at ta thu iiiuiti0r ol bu dwth. 
Kb hi iflirl tn bkn* rv^tnml tJ> ■ J'V t vnTiuhti^ 
diiNiBDd itUcb ho faod Jul. Tin nnXj ooiiipQiikiUoB 
tiUalL be uLed aqi ■ aU)fBro(i« irilli mma Jv* iili 
fvUb oa Ilia pE«ulnw» uf tit* Old TbilnuoiA nkl- 
big to lbs MiMJiih. TEia Jew prctnuod to bring it 
AbflOl. facib fiulmg nf tiieeav, i* mKl (4 luv« pMUivJ 

AlAvuxTtfiu. kuEiir, brim tt Wood-yila In Lu- 
"■■Wh, ICCiK or** wHteT uf It lK«ti}ius;'xJii-^>] ■& 
Prt^Bli-Oncn, vliflDoo h* iwuprrd in ll^knf y klfl 
vibirpben m tin Da^boudrood (p/ I^roiilciii- AEinr 
■■fulmif m modinlf f rtiitim*t ll» UtvJ pr:vnU)j- lilj 
1741, inmt hv rllr<l. fl« oonpUid tbo nfill-kiirtwi] 
Z«fi^ «n^ L'i'jfM't Z>irf r'vnuiy. oMUOvnoed lit IFII 
ft»l puMl>tieJ i(j ir^fL III IJA'A tb* ftHirlti Alllifii. 
ttoJtt t^> cwa u£ Ur. ^Vvtl ud William Yotintrv, 
in* infaiijod to 2 ^cla^ fr^Un Muny «iiEimi4 vnth 

AIHTak. %A Mrint U>vn rtf ^;ri■, fM(ital of a 
ilMiIrt oJ tbo ■«» puaop A3 luLiu uurit at AU^pu^ 
II If Mottblj vhD Intilt. Ihp limii^ b«Iiig pnodpaU/ 

■ft Amuniwi ehurnli, ^ml (fn'x) h«»ttrB> Ita ditiutsi 
ikr nbcllr, 4tn t'tn nnit^ tliT*. h hirilt n\*r.n tw 7ni>i;n»l 
mtbif iT|iol] fndi, Ln(lhaaATcryiitrl'cai^Lp|ivana«. 
8lH— ■ of purv flaiut an mU to run tbrw^rh lbs 
ptonUtjf tliif Iciwu. Pop. of bD. u(i ouTuwiAt 43)000. 

of cur«arili. T-tthiH moum^ the tenu it navooii' 

Air vu abcIe-qU/ coriBlilBrvil cmn lA liw i^ut timYXn 
cioDviiU uf luiurv; and nvvii afWr th3v livpotZi^wM 
ma diwarlwl. il wu lixikfd v|4nn » i% trioiLi^u vr oV 
Tn*»y aub^tuioo^ The fipcTLin&ribi of LAv4d«r, 
hasrhf, In tho lattor haU of Ibt tfvnkui?, thaw*! 
ItM it ntii rii>t fcinjsJr. arJtl iryw rvoavE BniWtaAttn* 
)iM<« ilKJriDiiH^l Iti i-LiiTLfrrnMnIx Ic OnnldirUiqiiWn- 
iU^y fi tt uaudiiviic'Hl iiiUIuit 'tf twii ifjiaiii^ niuive^ 
AddGOT^ftn, wiIJ(miia]1 qiuittitir* nf otburwibMancav, 
■j«hUy orboiLl^T aciJ *iiil lh« vvpxrr dI vr«Ur. 
lln r«Mvv pnportUn uf niUognii and ricy^on » 
DMtftp Iha avrd tti >ll floflditianuf lh»alrDui|ilu?pr. 
YIm farwonulitrjtw mbaul T7^ fii^ nal> by vriluiriu 
tt onlfivrr air: lh« iMMr abcub £] [xir cciiL Air 
dliBaUed In imErr, Lavr«wr» cont^na ci it[^ix>ninii of 
oMjgfti aa hJgh aa V3 ptr ovnl. Tbi ^uantttm tf 
Arbcmle Kid Huf ihovupourof wat^aro kow omiifAi^b. 
tmtmijhi gnrkM*! baaatdnvDM About IMiuid l-fl 
|Br <vnL. H^»fftfT*lr Wlwti cnntMiwI liy v^l^hi. 

iettat, flU Kvaiint of ih'ilr Tftiyjns ilonnltjr*— nitn>' 

of vulvr, I'Oi. Mp-ny ^ilmT mibnUknoaa >f« fituml 
Ift Uh aimeipbtn iin-Jcr pjuti^Lilv cimQnMUruM. 
0M ^tnvjiA'rr.k Aif i* vnEuurlAfi. i*ic#pt In Ii1||d 
m^atr, Viii ^ithciil tvtr or •riiflL but h pan^Mm 
•tl tb* ifuri l l p3¥K[3trt1oi rif mitH'r, It luu wci^hl. 
A wnl (nhMH4*4 of itir ^vJ^tk^ Iv>« Minn wIlod 
ttUad vith It, itiKl U|« JIlTur^im iritrtt Lu th« VHfgfaB 
of ihaHF it fjJT^iunH ill f.fif f'-w and mit Ui ibAntnivr- 
Ililiil«iM«y IthH bti^n fmind llint iln' tVLiluhtnf 100 
cMkiliB Inobca of pim ilrr air. ub-^n Lb* IjnntioebM 
■Mih ■« 311 inch». kDil~ Uit; ihiTTiiKitJtirtcT ^lUb.) «t 
iXC, U 31 '0117 grain'; ttivi tin* !■ oU<-ii umO u a 

WUffT at aw ic -Kl-^ liriiM w lu^vy u air, at ttko 




fmdac-lQ^b rjiilf T70 tamvft Tb»l air l»J ^vaf^tl&, 
lilac all utbcr bvdjM, in» ■ovi>*ctoJ br OiJiIdo Mil 
vthtT phtloHjplion^ tit w fbit prov^l bv tlw mIc- 
bnlwl (-Tfimmfnt; of TopriMlli. (Sao ^tmntiNr-} 
Fmrjt Ctint It afijinart Ebht k Ailuinn «■! air IniD ttis 
■orfoca u| tlic nitb to lli» |o[i ol tba aiuH|ihar* 
ootktl Ibft iniLa |mviini «i tba farth, 004 1lier«ait 
bad tb« aaaa fraafht, m 4 Dkliioui «f aipnnr «*■ tba 
■arc* twt^;» JEtflwabifli. 'rtLi*|knaaurv)aBUtocliiH» 
rmavrniontLT mrrt ai o flAnrlArd of c«fu^ui>CD, and 
fqr ahomieai TWftrml to M "tbv wcivbt af mrfi atmi^ 
■TjIrtt.'' AlrbaamwUa. ItantaW rltlffrof reit or 
vitAtLon oaciuit ba cliaii|^) ttilbiiut Chv i>uill<^ of 
filariL&l iotm, Vp'ljm jn irukUoa, livi^fi-H. jt u 
vonittiinH A^ilo In avrrynnu OTipotbi^ fonu. UofLBo 
cfap ^wftot 4kf ih* fktnJt, uvfttlly oiDj?lHjyihl ;n fro 
pcUlrvibi|sDrlumlnK vLfnl-nintLtuid luvcAaboilin 
dsliMirtv |ivwpr uj tliir IjiiniiMiik thu moiiisniiiin 
di air a maaamul, lik* tbot of t^ otbcc bo«UHf b}/ 
fba imxIuDt tnm nnLUplkatkin of »l> vciclhb puiI SU 
TnlAflit;. Air in hDpcnatraLtff. If a buEltiw vewl 
b* |iJyid^ moulh flovnwAi^ii intit waU-T, tlio air it 
anitalD* prBVcniji It TmiiL briac flltnT bjr tbir tft-trr. 
aa Tuj lit *bawu, if tlifl irvi] bo tnufiiMmt, hy 
putt^ar a |tif a of eozk (« B(«b «i tlvi vid^n of bbi? 
waior balnir it- Tbtf fwae tap(riincnt«liowv ualhoT 
pKi|»rl:* Af air- ila otfiuiiniialtdlil^^ Hut diHipor tbe 
thmI tt pEtJii|j-nf^ tlu |ii[{iiflF iha v^i&ar ri'as vilhirt 
It Tin liir lb uaDloiJi* la cumprtwd mnnr and ainpri 
b}" tb« incnofnns prwnvtm tovfaiab it la aubjevlrd. 
Aa tho TraMl u ^tbdiaani uibk, ihv T^^^HirB ^^ Ihv 
W4tar dn^nrnt. Hid tho cUstkntir of t\>a atr faec 
Hftutirttyt. a p^pftty wbleb iL bu m Atmu^uTi with 
all gDBCOiri fluidi. r«uiav U imilMan.T lit n^-ain iU 
(uruiu- va1u[tiL% Tlia law huinniluif ti> irliiiifi ihr 
Ti'liiinc f?f jk L'U in trEiilalc^ by lUi^' fir»«iiiic it >u*lmiia 
in JtiKrwa a* ^oglrM ar MarmtWii Zcirr. It U do- 
momtiated by u« Idlomaf npariuia&i:— MvroLir^ 
la ]anKtwE intft a QI«^ ti>h* ol nniform iM^nn, Ih-tiz 
bitu luo parallel Brm* of verj unfiaal Icn^tb, bcitb 
i^atofullv vrwJuAtcd, imtd tEie Ici^t Fiuitiuii t-C tlio 
luba iaiull; abd ihc aliiq-^rana ia tbeii bcriLiLitieaUr 
akrttid hf tbe UiH^pipn, Tin air tbua itdaivl hu 
(lio il<«Aitir itnH 4uticTLty of tha tiJTniiinitifig air, and 
to ftbZo to Piipprtrt thf^ foyourv of tbo atrrvnpherv In 
Uic oiber arm ; acmrdln jly tba wlnmm ol raeteurj- 
iu lutb ItiLcA tUud iLt llui ittuiB In^it. If uuirv 
Eiicfciijy i> new |j3ur«l into tba tuba* tba imrfiKv ctF 
tlia Ht^uid naoi iiiucb fiuWr m tUo loitL- 4rin ihnn in 
iti0»hrtrt, Wli»ft lhBrfiff»r*rir«i iif hcij^hl liu hL>rt-.nnt 
trqiiAl v» ihp Mchi ft mrrtinrj n; ^/i* rJiop in a linro. 
;uebvr ihiy:^^ kiiLltuI, Jt ^fnuud tUai ibu afr [uuluttij 
j|] lljf aljtiibcTmiu Lu* FfXi; mUHHiiBRl tn liLUf ila 
nn^'iiJid viJuiiA?- In olUor worJ>. tlio woi^bl vi iv 

■mmprMv* itirinEn l**lf ihrvrJuirw il iifl<Ti(|ii-» tuxinr 
the v^k^bl iT on? atmnapltrf*. By i^nntJatiJnu tn 
}>i>(ir ULurvury Uilir the Gutfr v^r &aJ tLat iJi<* wwi^t 
uf llir**. fqur, &c,» aljii»^|jFrT* nducei lb? fiiilliK^t 
JUT to a liiinJ. a fniirtlj, aq» ^if in origtuol vAliimb 
Thi« }w,vt onabW im alacr to matfur* fJiti airpuiilt op 
olaalipfon>> nl a hndy itf gaa cir idr muter aftnrprtaH'rjn, 
hbowku UB tbU thta f i>m rorla dimAly aa Uiii dauHty 
of Ilia MffniinHaJ air, and bntwlir ■■ ita tvlaoia. 
Thiw if a bw!y of aii ba*r aa «i|a>n^T? fnroa of on* 
■tmniiibiira, rt'luwT ctrnpniaei! <o hill Ila Valmn* (C 
hv oil tfiqmtmivD fnm- M iwn aliiioiiphaita Kroant 
«1]>fliln*r>TE hrATa^iT. [iy R'^iaiilt Hllll 4iill4trK IvKvr* 

ibntrniltal iltc 'jtvi li iwtUDitfltruf.xiHl tlmtJiirand 
rtllar tfaKSp upcciaUy uadgr bi;;h vJchuii*. uecuf^ 
ivullor apacca ibm tbo lav wuijil allow. Tbc pn- 
iHT^ cf elaaftScity k pomiMnil in n rcmatlrAUir Ae^n* 
hy air I! li»a h**n *llnw«l I'l (-iiiiiknil iht& iwo 
tbiioawid timra kt^onffiii^l vrilntm^ rv\A laH ImriKuri' 
ifcDiol IntD 1<B tloat one tlKninndtJi, Tlii> L4 HLkmiry 



I 



n 



AJR-AIR-PUMC, 



vniptj of jLir, i< iDtroiluiT'l Into ill? cxIj^ukK*! rw^tvr-r 
of nil (bit' fiuiifj-; Uv-' u't i^ki^&Eiili iuii[ 44.iiuiUE'Lf;ty iu' 
lUlaa Un hltJier. Air rbfmcU r*^* v| ll);u(p &at| ita 
|»Wtfr ill rvfrmvUon i* iu \he ntiu of lU Jcrjjit^- t^^ 
A04r-fiii4-) Jl It (iftr«lilB ni HOc^iimiTif alH^Rtt-: 
kiid It Rfaiai^ when v^fydrjr. a fm pmagB Uy in* 
doclridlf whjiili t«u<li id a«4* from td^riOrd 
luLia. 18« fftrfTH'^v } lla 4|HuUt fui lie^t ^ 
■Vnrbbriticipiiiwt^ dnlur «n binrntir ot tKta{tcim 

fOH iio cJiugv of propertip*. If It k> ni'lrJr-nljr mtin- 
ptoMi^ oincli b«U Si iliiEi]i;<E^. ^iili a Un^Lc tiv'bt, 

lEHAt 'fUJUitily fif jur- iSh* <.'4WkDi>.> Wjitor and iJI 
u^oiih 'Jhnv<<^^nr«in iC^ AfuE il oiti anJy bi- fTKitollnrl 
brtainffl^kra^ AirkitheniunlDf^lntoiniliii^LJiiLi 
[Wd CViufuJtvu.i AIiuMftI bU fombuiutilc Uuilid 
*1 » liijch tfviprrBtitn, wliJttli inriv with tht ^lAfeni 
HthitoDw. aUorh iu nvy^n, wiib the rtlttiifcaffD 
TUdit flf nun or 1r« h»c uul liglit, i\iii1 Tomt uirlt 
tir niidaa: pliuiiJifiriii. toTcwr, i!f>iiitijiiM ut a linv 
teiD|icnUura uUli lli^ i'iyic--uuf tliviur.»H] )>riMhim 
phc«|iJjrprujL. lUi'l ulLiniHl-jJ; phonjilKmeuiij; tlirrbtrlff' 
lurv flf t)i# ur Anni tli" awltibp nf |]io j^hoiyibrinii 
fKix>ilF UiMB Odlpliuwtiniii, Wh*ii lb« *Jr I* 1l^ ^i^lit 
IftlA conUrt Vltil uilmnl ixil r^'ti^^Jc *i>liiLniir<v il 
dmni^-d Ui<.'ta linmpJltgly. fttflicbbrlf if 11 ii uuilal, 
■4ii] b;i*n|uMr[usfrf ika&uid pMiprti**; \i U«AdK> 
£ai. h«n)|>. Jiilk. Miii tiLcrvB««a Uw biilUuioy «t idabjt 
#4lLtitni, It u inilL«pDii»Ali1* lo tha lift ot ill ohuIc 
hvlri[f>j aDini*r< mptr^ li i^rvflmmll^ uut ^SnmupOM 
k: A parf of Itt ^Liyi^n irii^rw wilh t[i<> iTcukin m tb* 
t/pArtn, Mii lliL- j^n^EmT iMnEAinM <| |H<r irnt nf 
OdfriiEiic iclil jiJK Ttii' fuKiliinjilimj hhi^Uf^nU* hiBtp 
whJrbrnntrihaLfvpnDiiEuIlv I'^ikt^p ui> tbr Icmiicn- 

t»bl«a tarUb* Uw4Btl>]ii ^Iji^Ii iIk E^^lxmiff noul ^ir 
fUud thr>Uifll IIm lUr tnnlticK, and npifv fn)'B*n , 
n tlmt hy thU iiiii4ti« Uv pn^nninh Af rarbonla iic(i1 
in th? i>liiiM|ilii*rt it ncit »ll'»i»pt In Uimiui.- lu Uxi 
fivftt an «iit<nv rUkAilr, tlm *Jr ia Ihu piiiLui|>4l 
fflii'luVMr of tiiunrl tall HilmtAiiT^, buvavrr. c^nKlni^l 
ll ti>« jn'TMrr m tctfoilml^. lSm j4r<>pjf^f¥,> Kor 
fOFllUT llifiimi>*lrin ■« tbr nniclM J nttrurpl,frr, tnu, 

of Itw ulJj(> pubLiuUf tr c4 tlii> UhiIbajh pcJnlfir. « 
U b III* DMliuift ikmi^ which aU *t}AviB «« iwii, 
and iM rivnittr ^^ tnniipftnniey dAb*nviaai itiL-dt 
amamsMv tMh fn '■■pHl ta vm unit mlant- It 
«inu» Um luod oikrm^ ud rrxidvr> (hmi inoif* rif 
kHB d«id«d V dMwMentf^, pmivdac whitt >• 
taBhalnU/ «]l«d tew. Tbc amttuiuwct imJvcvil 
U tlH l«b«rpf>4<|an aTtUalr dUbr ■lib lb* oliudU. 
IQ* ■■■^im, *rid Ita titot ot tli* i1*r: ajiil UndtrApV' 
pdotvi, win In othtr rufiAcu uw nnt riLioUirv. huM" 

eraa tht tinftlnt «biMiB Ut ilipir ]ii<iurv>i bv ■ hnypy 
JaftCioDul lbs* appeAnnKti «'ria vhtrv tli*nbjt«t« 
m^IaJ fomm* U thnuBlfv Ttfj Uula MtiHiio*- 
UKclufft * G^niun. wha wu fe ting Un* pftLat«r lo 
lb* 1M« Kiitt «| Napli^ <«[1*<1. r«fUf«« in ihki 
btwu^ itf vt nil pudfmpalntflx Hiii vlvwt uii (hb 
HbJKt «v liff n is Ml lir* hf <*o«dia, 

AIM. in nwdo iLn IuIiab. oriai. «! th« ffof nl iUy 
IBMU A oodnaviu mdoly. la ahitli HU* l^ro 
nihfMt or Milnn i* UHinl. It kH «1nii«lly 

Bfp— I ■« UM ImgVkr tUcUmatinn etf radtaiUHp at 
fto Knm •Mid acHai of fltorml iBaal& Awoubi 
ji«nb Iba bann ■■ <I*riwl fnm lb« I<«ilin arnt. 
T^r AJr k|i)vf1*iiHil ffWH^watly to nn— umj mmt^ 
•I'i. tifHlljvf coMlltDtoA ot «v «« of nuM vnteiL 
ihii lucAtuKtl aiylD (ll iDl eltomlj m dvMmlniMd 



nir. But it] iii'Mlrrn lum^, hy vuy of dimlrtiaiAn, 
iho l.vrkr invludv df » iqttufa \t'tvm, invuLtitnifiJiil liy 
SiLitlrunirnUi i* ilA innpir fonn uf towpcuiiioUb 'J'but 
^D Ihul it in thif bi^ffT ofdtrnf muutul work*] u Iu 



cBiiUlAi. orvtartot. <ij4r*«» iLnd &l*ii indfpiulaolljr iu 
CMih-vrLit- ll ilLOdlit hr iMinatilciMfl oT miihaiM 
rini|it« l^rtE alialivx. Ail njr fiJn]H]rI,v ■ii|P|KVMfJ u It* 
^-roLiudvEiFLn ]i«jticidMr Aloba [^ fnpllii^ (ir^iiitflimi, 
ul a cTitftin <bjf»iiDD, ntpiwum, Hn-I inttmi. In 
wlikk thv rrctlAtlv* in ^tttflWl/ ]pn^a»tary. yttt^ 
viojly. 111*. 0* lOHmtiHl to ut *ir, n f^phobj^ «i- 
pTf4niEi£ liin Irilnli^n ur thi? ntUIKA* fir cuitpjol* of ttt* 
■UMi^ trLfornr/'o, »r riTrnJiil, w^a iiilriHKicu! mn iribii' 
buj b> lL' L>«iliiiu iiHlcAJy, whidi wv Fnlt^iVft^l iiy 
Mintberftod EruidiiMirAtqpax^rititniriB tJ^ikrLiJtluwlJv 
to wMcb WM hkbMqjUtnUf vUlM a rw*|j|ii<ii 'J tbv 
finl put. Mn<4 tbv<Uj«4if Ubitli id J MmaH Uiw 
Ilavii ilMclrriofH and Dthvr kirv\m hkTV boon ailqiCBd, 
parLji'ij1iu-]> hv Muarti miriv unfunjuUv to pwliy. 
and njfkiT v^^imuvQ od Uh wutiuumt* ud iJvukLtoa 
rf d)« tiiixvr. diUl Monrt «imld n«i catlralj wtih- 
tiAEid Lb* pNV^D^ teit*. with nfannot t* which 
h^ pmili]4t.<'l TiiiEi]f-niir« hpftViin Ain, unr Alwn^a in 
rbAnttfir. yp% iM Aaritiiig in rvjirvMliin ud rfTanl, 
Aii^^Lbw f*nia irf luiK *rv^ tW fiuitUtHu {ar rAaeit 
fitrVJns) inkmdoml tiy iJio lUUniiip *nd faJcuUlnl 
bo *ild 0KV ftbd cmWUiphOHol M tW fevTij;^ At 
tbo T«rT*<Al •^t'f ill* G4Tniuu tilher «]«pt ihU «r 
iiukr UH of fithor lonni, u tli* mlijoct pitjF Mqlr*. 
— jti'/rCfB kj^iiiHiii a uti^rt, lim i-ljitKmlo ur. rEiu|,-nirrl 

Afhto il *I*o *|fpli4>l to muvd rvHUihUiiijf thvAiE*. 
and \» b»vrUA Jn lingl* l^fiul pp— if— to x 4t^ iLm 

iwttMfTa- 

Akii or Anime, 3>tf4 J f An, 

AiK-iu^UiJKiL 8*M tchlhpoiaia, 

Alftf:CJ'l>, L'KThiiu III Hid utUutiT Lvirq of Ibc 
BtflDiukd IciATcKif plan;* ^birbmuUlnalroidT, Ibe 
jirlm i[f ttirjifniTr V-Mn: - ii1ii'in--| in irj-nralrTow*Ti. 
ilivy Uv lar^ivl Lit<l iiii«l iiiiiiKmLii iii aitii&tio pliinl*v 
Vinlhrt Viti(^int'-ni ij\ii-aiit %i\\\ Ihn \'*ftnr»ain^, 
Lhti ifljruitlc Ltwrc* <>r vi^c^b Inikir nn' biutynd up on 
^ip^umfon of (hp wlmt by Ih-ir ri>i4^', Tb^iv uc 
*1h> hJmlk iu ibt bvdjfn I if Urii*^ 'J hny an cvn- 
n*Ol«d vUb tba m|Bn>L>r^ •v->t<iii. lUiii ciru lilohtol 
In Ul* cavity of Lh* ibuiu anU HlHluiUirn, uJ >i4b«. 
UiiiM Hittfiid iiiLi] Vtw htmvt- Tlwy a* luml fuDjr 
(]kvh1i>iwiI bi bLnlH i-f luwHrJul idjiJ n|ld lUEEb% lUui 
n» iJi" »1botrjiih 

AirHHiy; an lBiiru]H<ab /ot the pra|«tjun cJ 
kulUfU bj vkfui* of oondoiiftKl air. I'bD uiciqito 
imu ftfirkiuinCffd witli tljv pr]ii4^ijjliit of il- oondnip- 
tlrifi. and tat Inaltiini'M ■>' itti* -I'vmiiticiti t«ju* in- 
iini^ \iy Cta^biun U Alt^ui^ilrin. who llpiiirlilwl 
Bi»;i4l ia<i ».l", Tlir fir«it m-^ilcni *i.*(iuiit -f ftii nir< 

Eui whifh ^Diifii>*l *viL|i„ LB in ilii^ A'/^'ii^'* li'Arlit- 
•■it i»r Hand liivftut. pF«r«pt4.>r 1i> Uiuii XUL of 
Kmrii-.". Air-guumni jfonirallytiJUmrin Oiiif .ftix*! 
:m onlintnr citti. or <if n |nU<r atom vtrdJim^aCirili^ 
luirl ah-Mii ill* ivnur IniEtb- Imy i»Tui«t i-wntiaUjr 
(if Ati air-ctkiuJiW» a lo^, kod a burel, A t|uaut^W 
of air i* rompiwcd Lnto lb» *tr<lifeiiiliBF bj favana 
ifl a covt«Ailag ajring*. nrhi^h ciiv vr niav not ha 
attw4i*d to Ifia nana. Th* bnlli^i t- ptruvii imm*. 
diattty In tna\ d Ut9 alr^hanibtr luiiL i« pntpaClr-l 
bf Ik* dtpuvlra fom nf a r«nain qritmii^ ^f iliv 
tg iu|< — d air> tttlo^ li nbrntcd on |iriMHnK Uw 

Allun'Vr; a maobin* fd« tb* putpoH of ^hdnw. 
ing llu air ftam i4>nia vivbI nr avilr. and thnvliv 
maldag vfaal b cbIM a nmm. It b mw of tJi* 
mart omhw and u«af«l of phlhviphKBl bulrdiUdJii*. 
Df aapariiDmU vith it the vv^ilil, aUilicUy. Mil 
manoflMFprwriioiof air >iML]rl»aho«nie avoT^ 
lUnfda Bud iMliucl«n nwnDDr. Lot a b« 1]» wolion 




Alfi-n:MF— AISSK, 



73 



At ft ];IUB b^ll fiTunl » thf tnp t. but i^pi^B U ihtt 

«f Wbioh U IB * Kctddtl, 'illiv Ulf" U iioittd A fV- 
frif", hHmfii» it tvci«¥«« uid ficiLJi mttBUunw ou 
ukivh Mpthmcmta w to bo ijkjiil*- If a Uttio imc-iu' 
nu ciAtUr bo nibtrxJ nyinn clu? «V^ of ilm ffTivrr 
K uitl El hv iirmiL uLib a iUuIl uiiriiiu- iqoliuli 
Upoa iL* plnlv M% h <Ai]] Ik |iruui;Ut hiUt ^Linh vl^4c 
eaatoct «■ e» Np air-lifUt, Jo »LhD intHEe ■> ui o^tuii 
ug A> ttbiiib ocitnaiuiiLciaiiM by a tiilM aA wjm a 




lroIk<vr cvli bJn- or tibiml, lA wbiuli u mlid |iiatoa r t* 
■«aL Tbc p]At>ii-rixl I' nio^u in mi ihii^liclit eulUr 
t^ anit bi ibo LoblfToi uf ihu vyUiiJL-r a yatn: v » 
p1*<»ti opinia^ CiBoly ^uttvEwl, Etui lEiime'iHLtUv 
nlnavJ hj anf pm n rt int fmiii wirhmii. Ili^iv lb thiiA 
A IfB* cititiirLiiriiciit^mi iHt^o'ii r.hu mU'WifT K. thu* 

■MfttCAtlvB Vtt'Litn Id ttiD *4U1U UUhQrlr^F til n MMJuUil 

■nOtf bttrnil iv \Vltoa Uh i^iatou or u ('fumhI 
4o*D. «li>l hr* [ihiiHiil tho 4|4tuii^ At u, tb* Ji-ir in Ibv 
larrtil nr will k" Iiu'UmhI, kii'l «fill Ihi A>(h|in<nMiE by 
liar iil*t»ri, .^h it ^ill tUua Ih- ii^iOc In ^Hifiuiy i 
T>l*^1^ irHt ibui V«F(ijn. ![« ttrjiuiity, aiid ouubc 
oasnily it« clwiiciiy, wUl b« iDimucd^ It ^rilj 
UBRffln piw 4lowQiriir<ii iipi>ii tho vh|«Dr wUb * 
gmirrtnnv lliui Llmt bv wbifli tliir vaIvi* iv prnw«*| 
apwarln bj Ihf ittUnuu aur, TliSv Hii]M<riitr «LhhEIi^ 
MOV vLLl vuiiii iliv vHlvfT, Uin^ii^h vliirb. Mlbi?rJ"t(Hi 

— luaybu^ If tbo pLotoa ho pisLiod «vLti< ti> ilm 
boUAOt the wliolo Air In tbft bhenl will be t]iu» 
■qsllMt^ Tha Rii>mM& th* pklnn Ixuina i^ aMctul 
Ibv pmun nf tlw :Lir fruri wiiimiit i^Ii-iwii tlif vrhjit* 

vbu It n*ct bvyoiul tljo ii|ipiikuv d, tliu nir iu ibu 

ft v m bn ilut b^rni] nv. A ■■mnd dviirvHini] of 
Uv piitivi ii'ill iiiiwl t1]<r iLr t»-aitBin#c] In thu bnrrH, 
•od tbv imioFu uin> tn> L\<iUiriiivi| «t i^leuun. The 
cVibBUiaraitii III V-^t^ocD tbt: bnicvls add thprMeirar 
Mf bo <Em«xI hy b ibjp-vbub k£ c». 11 ii qvidtfutlv 
«aJy la conH^uvuLv of tba uivtldtjr of lh« lur thiki it 
<q^ad< nul lillH Iha hanwi. diffbaEng itulF t^iuntly 
dnnifhnut tliK cnvUy Iti wliluli it m lfltlLlil]«^ Thf' 
oftf>iioD itf ibe Fiinditnc iLpimjcW tJipiciron\ «4i ;hi: 
fUflkilj "f Ibo air» *rLii it ii ub^tnu* iLut a (tufKl 
tvnum 4Mi«n1 bv fonutd bv it e(l tint nnbNvr. Wf 
tftljr ■ pxt (f lit* air ia tiwh tUH «ftpedl«di, *ml t- pt>^ 



llon miuC Llwan rHiiiaia afUr cscti ifcprcHioti if tbv 
piptOD. Tb* iie»frw of lantncliiui piwluceJ by Lh« 
macJiine uiity^ livvtw, ht mly alv]iliikt*4. Say- 
|>o« thai tba bunl <»bl«Di <ni*-tliJrd aaiaiidbuthA 
rvOftVH uul Cnirt V^pctbor, nfiit^ tb*Tt-f.-irr<, tlijit it 
4^iriiBiiu oa^ffHirtb uf thv nh^iE^ nJr uithin ih? vbItd 
V, V^nm <jni!t (kjinaafau uf Lim plkhm ibia fuilflll 
]iAri vrlU bv r*ipel)vl, uiJ tlii-ci^-fourtJi* cpE tlic vtinuul 
i|bt<LntUv will rcEDAin* Ono-linirih <'( tiiin fciitjtuiLh^,' 
i^uMtttl^ uilb in l(k» nwQiifT, W «ipaiJH| hy ib* 
•k^L-iMid d4[it«aat«i ol tb< plilon, vhirh in -jjiilI Ui 
thnu-iUitHntlti Hi tlM> ui^ul quijitlty. Uj- «l^ 
Dula^iy in ihiD Any it will in fvujid Llul i^tcf tUiil.'v 
Jiww J gM of IhB inhtim tmW tfti« SOSObb |Nbt «f bbv 
Ohj^nal cjuactity tvJi bo [«» Uk tha FHavtr- Tbo 
ranfactioB m^ tbut b* tantod «i ^r that tb* •liV' 
tltily of Iha air PTtiai i rfagn br thi^ iiubn «baU nnt 
bt nafnatont la funv opan tba taIv*. To ihaw bow 
tm UwwLhftUhrLifii Liwi ImcuTHiJ at uy |KvrlicuLir 
pdnb of biw ri^H"4 n lAfooatar-saazv i* conucctcd 
Mtb llw macblno. Tbi» la a j^Tam lutw njiunJihu ni 
U Into itio rocaltov. and fcl r iintHP»*'J in & nit'<rn 
ol merri]f;f. Aa ihf r^rrfttftlun prooccdii tbi- inpF- 
otiTV Hmfji frniii ihu |inuuiiini i>f tb>«StoraJ ur. aacl 
iDdiHW bnw fur tbiii iinvtin# «uHtlii tluiL Innn 
i«f thbt Ihv reaelrvr. iImL in tli« JfCm of AbavifltinrL, 
BMb p'wlum bfo work«d by tb» nbwl »«>l windi, 
hy uim^im of tliB tivfk 'it U^'tU vM•t^^ «ik 111* |^4htrin- 
piuli '^Vlii^rt nnv iimt'tn eh ruiM'rl lin\ l'>^flt'^ 1» <]i!- 
jirvBiMiiL, Tii« wmi-li i* tb<-[i l.un^iil lu ihi.- cPiiiK^-ild 
'UmtlkTiLi HJid til" \:^-.-i-\ <. ii:'li ...'i Lji'ii rai*tK] ■• 
<|p|jrciHi<J» lUiil lli"iiili'f I Hi" I ^H^ .1 i),i ^m■•^ttlQ• 
LiiMi uf ihu Air wjduu UnJ liun\'Li !■ fMijiiLlijrjthlrt (li« 
jiruHun (rf t1i« iLtDii>i()Jivrv u|^in etfh yi^UMi ia nol 
rvUHlnL Trurit v« [lljiri, .irnl TbiT<*f^^f 4^|ifUiim il* Ui^cnl. 
Hut tbiK {'■-'■iiir-^ It riitL fnlt I'y Um 4i|Kf4tiir, ai iliv 
prt^»urw iiji'iii iihL' i'l-ilHTk n'YkulMrk'jilajjHH tint u^K>n 
tbc oibrr. 'He claaltijltv «f tli^ air v |ijvrc<l by Hit 
ActiDb uf tbn (ucit^biiK-- ii* ijriMiiMre » ]irovv<i byiho 
Ifjiixl JiriiKiaHii i^ilii vbidb tbo i«c.^j\vFii f-r«H(l tiuon 
tbn [t]rit'< ^K iliinng iHh rikThfvifjiTii '>f tfiiT mr tvjttiln, 
[f Hiiy unimn-L U iiIaitmI IiheipuIi tlhi iwinui:!, tuul 
i\itf fllr viLaLBLcd. it dita aloirMt kiiiui**tli>L*lv; a 
li^cLi^ (wiillu ujiJn tbc rihaaBlcd rtociter iiuiDis 
cJintalY Uw^" vui, Air in ibua tbiJ^^A to IviLCOrHMiry 
to AEtiiiijLl Jilu Ltkd b> (iiitalniaLiun- A l»Ll, ■u*|i«aiwl 
frnrn a •tlbi>ii ibrwl Iw nxiitb tbn BibitimlH) rwEvvr, 
iiii bcliiE «brut'|( i^iuiimt l« Lord. If tfiv Ivll )wla 
Mriif mcitti- fi'^iij hIlji'Ii llsc uit L* iiob ciLauslrdi 
biib *vlui-b I* witbiii on cthkUJit?tl ivixivcrr. it itiA 
L*A.nji«t bd huurJ, Air i" Uiunjloro irooDMnry l^ tba 
jipocfiitliini and la lb-* |-ir"piigiiti"ii nf n'cmL, A "hH- 
vmU*iI xpjil* nr cutndr^rTy |ilAml Icnti-nLli an »^' 
bwinied n^vlvoi' bcrciipn nii plump u If quite ireth. 
Tliry aii^ tliLin ib^j^ri Lu b^ fulSuf dMllo oiif. A j^irat 
varicl_\ of vkj^ctiiiLcnt* (H^iy bo madft wbioU mt ytry 
ititumtiji^, l>ut I'tcp mtn^ctoui (■> ba iE4wnil>oil. 'ilm 
mr'piitnp %'iu ini'^nJivl by (>Ltnil« <>iMniclfi'. 'iUti^w 
inualrrof Mfli^lMiiiri'. alu^iit tbp y^c^r ii\'it- Mudlfl- 
(^tiviiB auJ lEJkpiu^riiiciiU vi:r>? jifltTvnrdn riiailij by 
li-ivli-. IlnnkBlK'ir. Mviti'n. tbd mtuv I'lb^^ip, lb I* 
iiiu'kf ill vAn"u» ftinEiK. vijd uf lb* 4tbipWt of nhlcli 
eb ilinl hlr«D<jy i{i<iiCFibt>»l. 

tcTiD trmrm)ly rM>plird in ibn Uirml ilaviHifiiiB ut ■ 
<'Umt:bt ubli'h £ii? Fr|>»niti:d firiui tbf t.witfal pirrLjoa 
urDAvvpOi ftOLii ibu <.'iiiiir by pl«n lt iiillan, la tli^ 
WunlTv ibDre i* rjiity 'iiie hlpIc rm coct aiiJo bf tine 
n^va. bul tb> fxqitiuvEitnl biiiLlin^ h^w ftUiit i¥tii. 
Tbii n4v* iiE ht<D MrkiiLfilJinni i^bIEi«| tlir jvnirvl aIm^Ii. 

Al>44!» MADhiiiiiHKi.i.v, -.1 toiLy nvMI klmn^n f f^r liT 
r-unaiitiij advi^ciLhiroi ami vtdiApiiV f«b^ van bum In 
Cir^^BHia III HfJp) or li^'M. uid wu pmobuc^ by iLo 
Cuuiit ■^u tVrriirl, tbo Kruiii^ki ■mbUHxIi^ ai Coi^- 
ftU^tmoflt, in 161ja, wtwii a uhild ol lour jMrt, for 



n 



ATTON^JU XLA-CHA PetLB. 



^^viUl liJm to Ft>W3^ Wil tfST4 lur us vcltioiljim 
Li vrlucfa notbinf wu iiHlgMul liul tlio inrbk&liBji 

Iml bar 1^ innonL S1i« iKrliniVil ht/r innficvnra 
BA Ihft wdiciUhticiH of hn bmtrjHUv. On thi> tVwr 
hunk flwnvialai tiie ■^loiirlkl cij!flr>itf tht Duke liT 
OrbuiL. OF firf iiuiuvfi'ii' mlUim Uf ^tvurvl <m[3 
lh» ClnrjhUfr Ai^T, Thi* bw dndilfd W fiLtir<, 
JUdy baJ 1aV4 tlM mn mt MfJU; b* wiibih) Lc 
■lilin»^[f fmnilhwTi ; hiit hlh mi4EF>« hrrirlf 
tit* Mtanpt, T]i« frnli of hvr Iot* «h & 
r, Uira in BnifUAiL tSbu iHUt mbivqufitljr 
> pnr tv lh* InLbinat omiono; ilui routod ur 
DflPilcpn Lii >ain, And UvaI i^ ■ oculi&qA! ntn^l* ttith 
Kcntlfi vLffJt hiT' v-tak lidKllh niv uiuIiIli Itinif to 
■uMaia. ShviUtd In ITSTI^ 11^^ [nxi^r* >iw ^'nil^n 
En B |d«tfinl ivi4 11u«il iinki, aii'I rxliLJiit a tlvrty 
l^imoH *if Ifao mmhnf^i fwUMp^ Tb<> lublniD uiilii> 
wHOitjtnvf U)« pmniDVHl |itf«iiTi)ica»vf b«rti[LiBb 
Tittj fittt *p|i»fvd In X'il vith aolrt by VolUdjv, 
■ubrtqiHntljwilh lh«Lal(«r<nf M«*.1uiiih |>« VUtan, 

dawr *» ^"ni tUKT HuiuillcEi, iu Ijjiairkihirt, Bctit' 
bdd, ID 17JU. ta liZil Lvwmttu Kii^Un^ iohImiu 
ooplawl HI an «Hi»tautt in lh« iih^xiA »iil«a »t 
CiMUc*^ undtf riiiUp UUift. Lq I7^i» b» -vW^uoJ 
til* ■tiiiaL.uii at IknM ^M4Btr of ih? IfoynJ Cnrloti* 
Al K*w» imd harMTio fcPfal fapanri« wlttj (Jcorffn It f 
In IflM bv «inlT>Qlui * triirrLibhift willi 1^ i1up«]i1i 
BhU hU^ M4«i i^iiv "ith lifd. Tn \7^ hv pvt) 
llihH ft MUkgiM •' itc rlAntH <iiiItLv»t4d in Kuv 
QuiUnik DBiavlit uUool Jlorna XnmMU. Ilvu 
la 3 TDta Vroi, vid eonuinod vk enicnHniSnn of hfr 
twcm CnnO iiHl COOJ iindaiL Mr, Ait<jii dkkl En 
1T0Sv Uv muknl uuciajf Ihv fini lioUDUbi of lu» 
llm; viU Uw i^Fiioj of iAu\Xt Atlvani, of the funllj 
JletUam, *r«i JjJimUj to Imia bjr Tbunbt rf . 

Xnrxl.1, cfF K1IM.1IIIA, » lovo 'if Aufttic Tuiiaj-, 
M miloi nortti by ^nHt of Siajnu. in tb> prriiiLftnCnnr 
lomUi^ Itjn «nt lirlii (if Uin fSvLf nf Ailranijli. It 
bM ft ^pulMbnof febcmt ttt,O00t Mfcl ifft^Ucc h>f 
umuuKnff. Tba oUtfi ft cibtatlvttj culUifttnJ 
tbc bajbboiitbvoJ, Ami iau<A c4l ui wp an 

iftvbalaivi; fnUffli k ftbo gnm, Yin town wv 
bj Ifai Tiirhfl in IfttI tn (BQaHqii«nr«> uf llio 
*tapftllnr «4jf(^ Ic inhalLATilii, HEmnkl vxrhiifv^ty 
OcM. iQonvJ wllFi ilw i!>n«k niU-iiil mvolL 

AlX (ftiMVff lb* Homuit Jffor fivtitr^^ b lb« 
l<WuA tbcMrtrnavl H fioaobH-do' Kh«ftt> oa tb« 
iinrAns«aM^MflMft3<,I£3l lBluhECui«i, i> tb* 
■Mt of ui HT^bUliDp, «nil pn —iTi 3 high miirt nf 
ftfpflAli uhJ chiuiWr of tiuniPRVt « tobool of 
ih u a k^j r ftPJ Ju>4i«ciu1ciiw. ftcoUfi^, ft coaiUenblv 
libn^Tf ft hHticd ftttdiinj, ftnd ft miA«c«ai' Mirt i>f 
th» uMii i«n««a an brwi and wUpftveJ, but Ibt 
4Uar OftM ftn lunnr ud fUrtv- Tba bpniH » in 
HDM«I wD^brtlftftnrl th* pane hiiiblingithiDibiMii* 
^\«m ftra miinnwu public fflurUioj^ on? nf ulilfb 
kHBfelftbrt br UA<iLti>t''^ipHlKki}E Itrud." Tbn* 
» ftn «|i ftad curiona clock tfrw^r "^iln orttia ftbliquc 
■ftm mbLqib ac* ftrt in maiuii vlim tha filoab ttrilv^ 
Jtnnftr iTia ohMl<mun*a<l«cr Ajxftr* lb* baplubHj 
miirmfil wkh ilui nmaiaa oT » B«Tn«i ivnnl^ 
flMftml nannbf^iin ftr* ontcJ on Ia Iba fil^. 
filuiiTtwlTi I if cc^tiffu. aQk. Aiiil tdn4 ilnlK ab* uf 
«IL Mifh aalB, fipur. Ac^ Tbt vntn b*tfn fttv lea* 
fWUJ Ibaa bfsmlir Tbty u* w4 b» Uoprm lb* 
«|>f«a<^n of th* abiri. Aii dfiva* it* iirinri|iii 
■Hpliott hflBititf- anliDfvMJ muofialiin «f dib in 
h* nitadn Jbtiirt, ft* wdt ■■ fcnoi kb> vnliivatiM 
qI a* ofit*. bmI ofib* ttvkt «4 lb« aaotb irimb ar« 
vca laM f«r br iba liufi*o* cf Mrlbcn nMic*. 



dbiriot of Uia June luuue Id Ibc I'ruM&an pivvlpw 
uF llui I^mw HJiiiw, Iu 50' 4C K, tat,, d' 1' «0- K. 
Ion. It ia a Wfll-buill ti>>i-ii, pLcauatly aitUAt^d m ft 
Ann tb1« KAt-iml brtbo Wvnn, o-nJ Kiirr-tviuEuI 1^ 
th« Va*n Hilla Vflp- "> '^J^. T4»W»- It waa 
known u- iTif iLiDtr^* a< ^ftrly •■ tho Umr «f f^?«ftftr. 
ftuJ lA mciiUiriLuI b; ]'ljv> uuilcr Ibciiuufli^ VctcnL 
lb #at. afUir -1-lr. 70S. ilia iayijiinW rendcun ul 
rhftrlflUifXiet wbn nude it Uia <4|ab*1 pF all bin 
doAia»na ntPitb vt tb* AI|ib^ abiL cjiiTf^ no ffE^painav 
tn litiaiit''yiTig it. Ilf<m h-^iliM m hU, i.ripl m tfn- 
uLhcdnK frrpl^l by hliii hfltv^n) 7ui5 aiif! Aiiln hin 
C-iatL ia lonf Lnl by ft Ijuu^ Hikt ikb vItU iIk hvt^p- 
iiuOt C^rf^if -Vn^na. Dicing llkA ]»idt]3D a^Fa tb v^ui 
ft fig* imperial dlr, ami i;* ittIukhji tlirL-iii^laoLit ibd 
(irnparwara aioinpl 6nin fviuld t^tnia*. fn'tn aiIapH 

nnri uut*^ TbirVj-«n t.-n iii^rmaii cii]{«^Mr> ami 
dutuu cluitf^HCft bftTt bocl; uniHJicil ill tliudti. euhI 
tbfl imptnal iimii^iDa mn |>nBctrv*d Lctv liJl I'l'A, 
wlon U«y ^Afitv ouriod to Vivnnftr >^^ «*■ onyr m 
(h« imporiftl UiNhiurr. Br tt« p**?* of l.kjnvrill* 
lK*^. i>H l»^[>, ubia'i 4;>traUd tba loft hnk of Ibft 
ItbiHD fftiiii f;4:rHixnr. ihfl dty wua DftnmfcTTHl to 
Fnuiu*, ill wltiiivi |-H>i^iv)Pii<'ii it niiiJLijwd till IflH, 
nhpu d wurint>rrU In PriKtiiH. Tha (iiarkir^|jUcv 
of A. Is ft<l«nrd vitL ft itfttun of CnuulfftlB^b* Id 
brvnia^ Tba lovp-bouaD eobUliM tbu AWniftUaB 
room vith i-tiFtnLluof tb* G*pniftriarr]]«nvin^ bUf-^Md 
(MJTtRiJU (if >~apidiu>n ftnd tb* KmnnH Jaat|iUsi^ 
iijvliiLtil by ]>«vId>Hnd maajnilbaofold Clwpjiuftrt. 
tU churtib cf ihe Fniu1*aft&> cdQlda* m Bnv **Dr 
pi.'vut ffvia Ibv Ofvia,*' by Buboni. A. wMftbia 
tbm* toorifulpurifti ani nvft^ lliirty vliizKrhvrf^ ft bamd- 
■Elmo IhfftiKJ, ftjKiHLc bliTtiry, h gyniiuuMLUiaorhitbar 

fnurintftr-arliiHil, a t*^ nrlmcil, n ^Milyt'clLiui.' HUiiHd 
Tr tliff Rliint ouuiiiriis liiiI W?»iip1iik1in 'luenpil In 
1^70 A1J4J iK^uiJ^iJi;^ a loj-^ir ufij ]i&uiJ<ii[j]i liuildlftt 
^inc hirApiljdiit t*i> liLEihtiL' ftiylumr. and rttbef 
i:|i&ritAlkla ]i]BlitE|1i'>Ji'- Aa ibe cninf iltlion uf t|u 
It«Ll^-K3iuT.ifb imlrtnv, vlriah connrria it wilh Ant- 
fTftp, (ivtjtnc]. anr] ri>liijfn^. A, afftird* nn i-ititnaiT* 
marl l*i Iba tviniafrtv nf Pjuvilik; ll la bIio ft oahi 
matWot fi>r Lielj^uiL. uid tli? atti uf tvnuvofwftoJ 
Ikftorr (vitr^. El waa aaiiiu-ai »« ft uianolWtmhif 
cili', ^rpvciallj pf dotli ftnd na*if|m, aj catI/ a* tb* 
i^th crfitiiy: and itf jinu|wTity tn (hit cvBim Htm 
tADdnaea. Ira wnnllrn d'^thv arp bl^^blj mt7<«nK<d 
ou tbe HmttDcnt ^t l^rop^. imil an alar cxi-^rtgd to 
AinoriLA Cblna, &«, Jb ia eaiimMcd tlifti uver SC 
pv vnt- tff thftinbabhftntamcnplrmidiii lb4alapf« 
mnptilftatiiiaa c4 tba rIj, iba cUrf^ pFodocticna oS 
vhi'r}i, biHLr^iu rtn>||f]i tnm< ftnd ffniba. tirv nPHtlfV. 
luK'hlntf^ cnrph ift^r the niwUen maiiiifactuTTy. rml]> 
vaf aAil otbv rftRUtfV. LuUviM ciCBf>^ *]td ubeftii- 
cjlla^ ulfc fpixh. biwr, giaaai vafv J^ic., an «lai> 
taaftofiManJ, ^<n uuki^WaprHETlftTK* wftola- 
■iTftiriu tnt]*, Altliniifti, iK'u-a-rr, A. it tbaa u 
txtanidT* aaat of ininTilvEiirT*. imii ha« n^aidrmbf* 
comiDVTdal nUti/iiLn vitb rranor uiil lUfliilB, in 
t]m\u ila iwkbiili l^IiiitI^ tt\nii iCa biituaUal HMJCta- 
tiioiiJi, and ft Dniwd'mblr pcfliim (J iln iDi|K>FtaD*a 
ikiul proapmTy Fitqn llin infliit nT vial^in tailabalW 
'fhm am, in al^ algbt ih'aHn) •pringv b**^ itia 4f 
Uwro trann. Tba uoab timeu la t\a uipirrlaZ ■pftifr. 
ot dtr AinWr-fkrfJtf, ulUcfa lifti * tcru^Kniim of 
IfS* KaJi., ■(Ill iba vanou dJ vbjcb. '■bm lutinm^L 
iTqioaibt QilphLiJ-, F<)rtb«ftc«a'ta]D«lifeti(>n<f n^rancpri 
tbai* ftpt fiAt bftthhw-luMBa*. t^nova for liiitb 
inf tn ftnaOiMlf lltud up, fttih biibt fmn f^iot tA 
^X9 t«*t d«|h. bvfji In tnwBln ttnnfl. anil Ui tbt ok! 
Ri>iiivi>ifl<l OolaU* iLc niilN t< tiw I^dUm or 
Lotabtf^, rikinc aarly 3'>0 Fh* liisbrr Eban tb* oty^ 
Jt ia A faioaril* a«»vBr vrtftli^ »««it of tb* cdliMiM^ 



ATX-LVCnAPElJ-C-AJ. 



t^ 



Snmsl tapoTtuit «uTifrhw Eiavi> hHii Imlil 

VriUn|tou 3lmt> nmlnd ua of Ibe Ciinj;n;iB of A. 

an UA «' llW g«a< ■], mUn And ib popttkUou 
(I W> of i£U.St7. Ib tbn S. lb ii luUj kUd ingon-li i 
bi«»ib tbtf N' it i' rich imJ foniL*. In tho S.K. 

&V^ in IcaUicraciiiliif : lii Uh X- la litf (oulton: ; 

1* tiv) nlfv ia usmf-revLUji, oikI in iiuiuuji 

o1 uuDiffkrhm. metre wicnillly of (rati, hnnt- 

■ad HoUbjn fpuvd*^ Of ilj<i uhildrvti in tlm 

Ik* tbe ouDiEiw lA A. la Oct. ud Ifo«. )Al« u uf 
li(k iuuitanca. Hv priiuipal mamiKa ^ttirmiiied 

<|ivn4 NtipcJMnr, WT-m thnlnnnwing'— I, 'l*b* army 
OT Ife bUIh; Mulnfnf of l&XOOO RrtdiK ItimJui. 
Aailihii. Pnaiitb. mm oibcr Cm>^ wUelMlbw iLu 
^MMkl peace bb Pic^ Ind muuml m nHmi to 
Qjtr it« tntni^utUtty. wu witlHiniwn nAvr 
liad pBJiJ Llw fnntnhoitiiiii iinpond at tho 

Into ihc liLjl.v oJIUliicc. TIiu* tho tcnffrcH at 

«Iliav tlic ompitarM uf Aiutna juii HiaaU, Aod Oiv 
ludt of Orut BrltaiTi, FnueVr aad Pi-d^b, Lvuvd 
■tthttttfi]4 tli« famniia<J*«lM«tiaa i>f Kvtf. IS. lltJH^ 
ndf'^iTikmLt nf vr>ry ilnn^TOW tiniit«H7, tM UHlGfllrita 
iDxHic ADjof tli4; impoptoDt poUUcAi []iiBAEUinji then 

IUCwItIUC. Lub full vl lliu ]»-:r*]Jt!d vEi:WH ILIli! fi^nlilj^'t 
cf Ibo ntinufJu. aaJ tlio Ic^tinuU^ n(&|tr]r>i til iThi 

fhand* of alvoUita ^varnmaot in Kiirnf- . i 

lonad tit* idfti of tlicKdgiilngramil>' nitli \.l,.i ■•[ i\,v 



«f tbv lutKEvlDin bn tliiH ]t.r<fnirri 
li torioapflly of n ftllfiaua cbvAL i i I'n'. h. 
^uktcu ui[ tti» trinidt of jov-\ i 
*rt|i whicli Lt nfMrvirta pndutvi i' 

wm 9vat UiihtwfA Lij a hrmrii- of iJi^ i.i'.r i i n: 

ikdimd iit'oit iiiatrmtt-i/'i »-i'^'^/.'-. ^ juIl'^I 



•waMfctA- ITwHeJyAi], 
nliasiDf tfur ■noc«ihliligr>.'i: 

baA, heI Vvmni^ kflnnfA '- 
aiwmtj nfTMooJ aniojicr 

to maiaMa ctitoin i 

aMacfc trcryiucitifi 



\ \) '■ il'ii'tniiuv a4- 
>, U:Llj llH (lltf dtfCU- 

iii*[aiin* of Hn 
' ij iL'jtjj.tf niunojx'LiA 

•t £QTVnintCUl» Hht 



a dHEinal pcjiliul ov?-!.. .\f .vr \hr EcnuiimLiuD of 



nivJ IbcftT intonate from tbuHof Ibv Ubter.and aI tljo 
u oo pii i at A. diay vpenly malllfD»^Ull^ ilrtEj^ ivEiJvb 
T f y ■J oe*" K lifig ouBy TuM dff va!opad man jl*afly, L^of 
0«iy jif'huu) lliD Kin J t/t PnrtD*, nt tbu oon- 

Ktecmraamnwliornf tlxK T!i^1y Mti,>nm< ivnly in 

of Ik Phtich fti>rTrnD»iit. f4>Ui.iwmj£ iLl: fJilkumIi: vf 

In ntl IH" KKViKiviL (if tlbi«>i} iwo navuFcifni viui 
vdj lo amid iLpiydj^iiy; Ehn>i^tlj' fift|]cpiiiil to tht- n.lli' 
^MVk 3s Fvt>TU tlu* cutkBrnH nf A. ilH' tn hn i-]n-.rvi 
d ibv dvdilw iD«Him of tbe German jjovpniincTitf 
waiwl thn litival vptiit viIj1i:1i fuit htii^u^J ikrEitiiiL- 
tbnr aubjecl* inaco iho ivwwaf >'iLfmIciitL Iti A- it 
«ai fiml AKn b<?w unwElIm^ ifcii KmifoE Pni>iBn«vui 
lalnthl }iui priimW* of Eili^l iniifitiiiii^nB. Lt^l biw 

bj imbliti opIoWjj. I'f fii-ciji'i' LliL' riiiiULi uf 




^orwnnmL At A- Mfv Htotadu. a JIuhud buU 
|H< pii1>)!«t4'>il hi* iTiNiiMitM ■CftfK. itfntiir* tH^nsou 
'irtuiittf CAifinaiU'e. The ^qpca »( CWlili«iS (f-O 
MAS au UuumliMe OJUtt^uow t£ Uic moigraa al A< 
It had rfifoniica, liiiwvfcr, only ta Cfvamo^. ffif 
Lcry will point «ul tli« period sF iboH ovngroiHi ai 
Lhw nm M vifil«rLt pnbiini bt^oby, KinvapobiliaE to 
ttin fi'tnirir 4inr«<'f rdl|d<iVf Hi£iTb7 In tto prlnc^^ 

!e twi'ji-i* ifAu-IU'CKuj^fft flvA P*M, tt'lV. and 
M. SclbiEl'a Hi»i»irc Jtm Inii^t ^Ac /'arf, nub h» 
Jr-fAinr' J^adtiijatt, lh\$-\it.'\ IW ^c o^D^^iUJ at 
A- in t;4^; >«■> llw finUdni;!)^ ntmlp, 

Aix-LA <:tiAri£JJ,>(.']'itail«i->r Tun Cfirclnd«(] ai. 
Tlto UaC Hay 2. IOCS, pat lUi euil Lu Uii; vari^vriaj 
vD fi40UJut Si^juu W Exiijife XtV, m 1007- iftor lliv 
Jabdtof Ilia fati»;r-ij^-Uiv, Philip IV,. m mpprirt of 
>UBcJuiBi toagnnl |iutof t^xe ^|oniiktj N'tUi^fUndi, 
iffhinb liA LirntHTHi thADMntal hti^iiHii, tbo inTukta 
Mula Thenaa. plowllnj tba Jm lEfi.tf^HTfViii'f prf^wil]' 
Uiv imiUDtf prli'iito ptfum Id Bialiaub auU Nnniur, 
CviidA IijkI ftlnady na^uavj Fraaclka-GouitiJ, vid 
1\m&iiB }md tak«a tta Uainmiatj vltcn iUp tiiplt^ 
OkmiB, oanoludad by Ud W&U ami fOir William 
1V)i|4* 4w H'tir a«i| Trnipt/)^ <lptf4min"i1 Knun' to 
make pe«« wi4 SdoIiIh oo DondltJaiu vbidi v*fo 
■(t'v^ u|«u at Bw UErnmJv wt^li t^ aflJo. kihI xatv 
fi«J M A. 8i>iunliad Uiita|iUotL tbaitni:ndcrrhWOia 
FraaoliS'CDEntJ «r thg fbrllEiod j^nf im in thri K<ilbpr- 
land*. SbtaWoln (^iv ii[i th* tntt*T, Thm IrwiM 
oblidntd aMftof tV (hnninr, lUprtEiimly, tV .^pAnteh 
fortTe«M t#lUc CfcarltMl. |3incL, l>aiMl, TcLm»V 
LlLLikiitinlc. «;id f^x ulhi^ih» ti^jtEUicr tiitlj Utvlr up- 
l>..nri*,j«. iBniAAnrJ/f JtU(.*ii» rrflif^fcftc, Laai.) 

n ii.i I" .... ..i A ,OiTl- 18, 174*1,, l-rmlBftt^th(i 

^ 'I I -I. -mn ^'^P ^At'^'d^H tu trhiuh 

. I < < 'r < I ,ir ]ii-i Ijniii4 XV. nf I^miLm and 

r.T:i:iri TlicTt^A, lUlti,Ul UlDSOqilct Spaip. 

.1 Hii'i *.ivai\ Bnui». Mafia Tticmia, and 

1 I.. ^ I .- 1 Kl'4^ci[ Sudinu, on tJivot^a. Ja 

I U'lI Kti^ivrliuidt nsrv Mjwad aa 

. I ^ ' r. .' . I, rjMJ Ai^ttnH, Uodvoa a&d 

Vlurih 'n^'rvuiumsiddnd 

' 1 ..;] ^ . i.L^.i^, III ;-.i'^]t, I'lmuM. Pbicmta, asA 

i'.i.i.-ljmii, TliUD tiiH fit'iirLb «t>vr-fvEtfii iuitf (^ 1lw 

-^ of Dfivjrbcu, Ibat \i Pibtiiia ^Nnno 1:^17 aviate 

kiknl In Luon^i tooh \%t ori^a. On Iho wkolv Iho 
w\Mm oE pfMtfllim batofv Lfia war wu rtvtmd, Ulv 
|in(7znAl& uhrtlofi and thaauoMailuQDf lliv tiuUiabf 
Rntic'twinl'inTAinrtaEnfiianntiHd.aDdBllHitaaad 
i.'U^A nHiurvd tt bbr Kini; of PttiHiiik X BuHian 
4uiiliiu7 army uf SriCOO awa. unJ^r Frinn Btpnlot 
tn Ulu |iav ol the DavaL powET*, *ppH4utdiig> Ut Uu 
■^jriug (jri'A^, from HobSEuU tt> Ibv UhiAit. accal^ 
fjii/<i{ fliH i»>riiiEuhiiiD r>f tha (wico. Tla phnfpiilan- 
tlnnn i^f Fnuio*. Gnnft BifUia. a&d tin 3lalv Ovri^ 

liuiiiLftricv, tmor otplatof if l>£ak v*r* imavAtod b>ihn 
oXtm pow«n oogi^ in Ihv war, ud aionad by ih^m 
»]ianUiW. Cbulv HtnmM, th» «ldt«l am of tho 
E'relrtplH', pTctvvlxil, *l FiLm. Jnly Ifl. i^IiiiL ihc 

OICIuUDDOChu flkthcTp Wtu U*Jlcil ]lIiIjkU •fkllJE-fl 111,1 

fttjiu Ola Bnliilj tbruuv- Tbo ■bD\i>iuaivd thim 
^nvcm firei nij^^nnlt In Uko laaaur, th« d*£uiHv* 
puAciv whcruufHtb ^S/^$kn. G«tiO0, uid Modna. Jvly 
ill, and AuMlriiL JtiI? :;3 jl.y hpp plfliilpol*nttuy, 
CoiinT.i nficr'ADrdii FriricE KjuuiUX did llw uBino. 

Aj.MJL-in. or Aja£M, a tniim nf Fianns uflul of 
i.fiD fL^pKrtiumit And ittand «f Cophm, with ll^&Gl^ 
iuhalntidiS 111 ISSV. ll if liluM*^ nn iLo i<iul]i wait 
nr>x«t nl iLk uIbjuL r>]i a tcMi^Tit of luid itra;fVLlDj 

I Into thn OiilF of AjiKVilij, It b >lidl*nid by mifiiii* 
tft^Mj fj^Di tbv iiorib aiiil i<aM wijuI-i. n&d ui« town 

I Aiid tiAT Aio dcfrudvd by a irJt>d«t- Tlw cntriLitcc 



T6 



/J A LOX— A KKKPJ PE. 



Into tbp tiatl^Kiur u rmi1«ml uiiuf« I17 )if^]iv^; 
rQcla A, to (bo bdrtb'plunoT 7fft[H0MU. hjk hruiheix 
Aud tblfln. 11 11 Uw iMiiJKJiartt vit^ uf Cvniu^ 
mad ite »aA d & ln>]><ip- It eoniuiia « o^tlmitrfJ, » 
eoBkCbiiiaftltinlldUf, 4 |ial4Jo libmrr-a Iwlaniokl ^[urdrn. 
tbt, lb tlm comiMKid irtiHil u ■■ fomniut (at iu 
tfonl knd «ni?ti4>rj AiAhIda. muS U ha4 ilUo d Uiv1« 
la vlu?. ifnvIiiH a|1vHi[L tu«l Iruit*. 

*9 Lj th« uEti-bkniinkr^ oirviiBiiiUn(<> *'f 1T14 tnin«iJ - 
IniJHl^ IrTi^hp-iifi-l Atv 

Aja>; a tfiut And ci>fliiin of KuU'Fti Afrla. pi- 
VmilinijC '*V(U Cii|w ^uioiJiJui Ur tlw i!>|U4iur, wiJ 

abatuJc vltJi jiU tha bfitniaHv of Ufo, aud luiii 

»Ld fkju'jht iifBlniti Troy nvn't i\|iii 0il<u4 ^u't Aim 

<ni*, A LfXtfUn, wu cftUol lAt Itm. Uv fttcDiikpviiDd 
ui* otpMtitiuo to Tmjv btfuuv* ha hvJ buan «o« of 
tlia niil<in of Hrhn. In th* (unLbat hJB cimtiijfH 
■tDinvtiiTj V «j^fp]iflr4t*il inm monmiitnnifj* fur/, 1m- 
JUDjdn ^ thJB lA siKcn In' tli^ v*^*^ ^^'* 9UCI««]l^i 
ilomof. ^bvn (Iw (Itma ^i^r uv, IukI uiib:iv<l 
IVaj, OuMiiUn 0nt lu Ita |*iii|j1c uf J'dlo^ (njiu 

k Uptiiwt &D<iva vwounta ml^l ihut abn miglil h<)L] 
of Uw >tMu« of tlifl ijnJdvMp hill (hht A df«f^<J ^rr 

ttlffl of iliu vnuDb v'liHi be niju]|uW UoukU wiiii 
Ma MlU. But lb* uifflF of tha (Toild^fli ■( lut <jv>r- 
Irwk Idm, loid bti rHhalkid in th* H't«'v4 of ih* »a- 
tT»» fttbrr A . WM til* i-JO nf T^hinnnn f mnji f<iUDiifi. 
■□d * £nLnJKiij u( ^:!Uut- Uc ^0 wu a «ulUir uf 
UcIfPh Aiid DuUd wiUi iwtlvv *bip ti Trvy, whm 
he lA rcprcMhicil hy lloimr Jtii ih? lolildb tkn'l bind- 
•om*'l nf thti (Jrochit, hflsv Anbillm. Ka uitilunloo'l 
ti>«t hnv trp ip»«it, h\it h<'W l»^ wt hli> iir44 fmnk, 
tioA tfalliLf ii'ilEr ijrlfla. Alter U14 deiith of Acblllc*. 
vhflnkia vEiia. rtliiifb AludalfHvd (Uk aooDUtil gl Itb 
oaiviwa And nlniUdsililpt vara awapJd J I0 U)ytmm, lie 
«■■ dUmI vitU ng^i ud. dnvvii laj^ dotfair, thnw 
hiDMH on hit viv«nl, 

omurf uf ttiu lltclr^ who otrma Airiiit frum l.^alro 

Ozvtkv Aud Altii^tn >vc4>tl<0 iiiin fiuui tlm irat, aiiJ 
OtamtfOBd kill dwtnictjon. Ho f^und^^L] rnirfUHi, in 
Ih* ioumr df AffiM. Cv i>b*rk tb» LA^UrtMi* iir.4 
•■cnu* • plHa of rtlogt Iu llv TimilisM ot tliQ ^^MA' 

Am«am« w AftMUi (■>. " vny gnat "). MuH AH HM I. 
»«*witfn of Iinlia; ilw £r«a(n( AnUUc piinct (>C 
Sddsm tbaK. H»wh ban ■> Amrrlut in tb» jfv 
of tlM n«gim->IVrimor tbfrChritUbn**). ud. 
•flir lb* mUi a! hin latEitr Hnnupin, uundtd Uia 
tfamn* U tba >^ of UilrtHO. ftitd fDveniM IntliA 
uiid*r iba (luudiuitbjp nf lii* iiiliibhirt BflyrBJii- 
Fbdbv tl» nK*<nt'" Hithni'.j daK«ii*ntiBd \ut^ 
\ftmiBrft hawfv^, Uib fmiii^ priiii* ili^lhml Idm, 
Mid Ml lb* fliit^ poortr lolnKUrwubAiidail^fMl. 
lilt gnal laltTitt vm oulj d»v»li>|i*d. H» foii^itiL 
Willi dlfUrviiii'liKd ttlintl t^ntl bia Uirvit'ii fi«» &.11J 
nWQaiia Kibjvo^ tnioiiC whoiD vh Brinini biuj- 
hVL H V ivrvmaitnl ««■ nnvkAbt* f m in tnildm 
MdtbvftvftMltaltnimlavirdiftllwfU Thmjfli 
cvaqwilH bj aoattBoH ontnuwIlAiu lavMlUwdLf. 
lv«M |«aitMHcf hia cmfiT* M til* bMd of Ida ami^ 
lui Ik^^^iZ the teifnaK. 4«|«Ealllf blttocf. iml ki* 
^4 bu ptiwiLi-m (■} tb* jiiUTul fedmiiii*- 

( > tutpiirr. 11« lo«iitul*>i lu^ukicB lob* 

tk» |4>|«i*(u4V >» UtOI*, vid f«dii«lUM ol ««CJ1 



u & lihcory vi hia iiJo. ^'I'rt o>Ucfli?d W bli nJo' 
inter Alnil Vajl, in A v-ulk vuUt^ Atifm' 'j\ amr.f'^ tliv 
iLini |mrt nj tvluoli, Dulitlnl ^l^iJif-JAAon, wu j>iiIh 
linbed in on KiL^li«li Umuktiob xi L'bli^ulLa, 17^A-$(, 
1 tok, 4iid nipnnUii in Landcm, A. liml attwr a 
T^«li I'T iv^mrv, 1» |i»L7 ^aOi a.V,) Hit aplfrndM 
H'tJUliJirAl (I14IUUIDD1IL (tiU FLlAtfl oou AjfTis uiLli lUa 
Aiiii|jltf iiJBi'ii|itutii. Aiftitr t/ii Adinittiliit. Ifu wdA 
■ucooRlfci b* bu aim HnUqi, fiudst tbv niLmc Jehsnyir, 

AlCKfJ, 'IT At^KKH, ji i'mAiAii I^An iJi th* |tm*jnM 
n1h*tnny. Ill TJi>- |fmvTiimr(itAt<Ii4trirtrir M«^ot'niir. 
nn X\\f Ipft hnnk M iJi*? I'Jhr, & iiiil« niirthitftjcl fioiii 
KuLlicti, iL biu iwu diLLh:1ii:i. uieI 't'ii'i\'l LiilmLiltniiti 
|jfi07|, ^biXrikity i»a luAniifiicLum uf toliac<.Ti» ctutli. 
and IcftUvr, fifi. TbcTB it oUi *(jii>c Mbijipine And 
ulhor ^ommvToa, fciul exUtVLVn miuiLjFiHitanH oflwet' 
mnC u^Ki^t in ihn ru-isbhniirhnnfl 

Ahf^^iuej, Mamk, b piKl uiil pbyi^clAli, i^aj tiom 
m irji. UL NtWiMtlr- iipuuT>lir^ 111* fAtbtFt ■ 
biiloher, ul Oia EVuLrytmAU Hci^ iutciMlcJ liijn Cvr* 
daiyyiHAA, And pbbcvd bim at ibu u^ of QijEhtHin in 
U]« UAivomlj: nf h^j inliLir^b, tn igniULfy Lim for th»( 
Aflin-. 't'hn lAitA nl A, VM ijikt in^^hnKl In t1i»c 
profuAlon. mcl lit abaiidaEvd ilic itndy of ttwoloflT 
itji Uuhl» uf |rL.v>Iv- HaThifl rxrjvut hmuv oauUficv 
Irum tlic fuiulk crui|iTbyBd by tlic UiiKuUm in f-ba 
nltiiAtum d£ y(»iing DianinUndfld for tbo tiiimrlry, b* 
v*ry b'>iiniir»|-i|y rpfiiraUvd »b«" nmEiiint kHhh lit^ r*- 
linqinubwl hi- ilimlfv>™l flliiriifH. AiUt Ihren yr-mC 
rtfljdcoco at Krluitiur,?ti bt uuit Lo Ltjdrrn, nnd lo 
ITli l-r^Luiuc iJirulux i^f I'h^ tki^ JiiihllieiJA wbiiJibt 
publikbL^d »a TL-iviwu.^ bii Jffiw, ^ {JrJu rl Intrt^ 
fti-hlfi t'-ilui J/iinMnw, bd propptod ft n#w tbiMnr. 
wh^di hiu boaii mriru onnfirmwj nnri nxvjvtd. In 
lljt> uinf yra.T hJ^ («iMliihr<J ihn /V^nffUJT* i>/ /wosjlua- 
/*'"''. uLivh. buvkever. lir In uiJ La Law wrlttvQ 
itujijju bis idldcuoe tl I^JjUiev^i. Iu lite fnUtiwiuir 
ycAT ho publiibed a eo11<ct;c>i] of oju, hinl i|j? I'pimU 
Ip l'\ifio, A uvlin tn Putt«nay- Afttr tuvii-^ iiiituO' 
fV4<f(dly n(t4>inpT'ii Di^ pnvrLiiviif hit pmt44t;nrb %t 
NqrtbftiD|4Uiii nml MAnipKlFml, h^ wa* iiiTttrtl t4 
Uiudirti by bi* fritiLd Mr- U%>Lt]j, frum nlnui In 
nccivod a pai^iiixi uf ■^300 a yov. tlcrt be Wuum 
A fatbvr nt ttii> IZovaI ^DCJaty. uraa Admitbtd kAto iLv 
ColL0|[B 4f rL>vEc](LiL>. And rW tbi* OttlBtooiajb 1»^ 

pnU^H. lit WAA, ElDWfiVBI, PCmtflMlttd WiytiolAO 14 

\hv i[iLCDi4, WUluAt Luodanlia wrote mdo puMiy, 
but puUiabAl wtcrol ondLad OBJ* And cidhvvv 
tiani- Hit <[uanur*« vn Uw dyvoitdiy |1T4U hm 
h^n imij-h hlinlTv*! f riT Uw vUlfmnCW of it* IaHiiiIv. 
\\f dthl in JT^'^ in tM <Mh yr^t nf fiii n^. '>f a 
|riiiriO fffiur. A. 4A* A uiaa vf nlE^lan adU Atflri 
ii;i-r«Ui ■ |>biltwr|Jirir, ■ kb^Imlar. wul a Tmo IK4L 
|]»K ijoiivfriniiim In ilcuirilmt Ili Uai<o Ikihh cI iIm 
niir^l d< Ei^btful titid^ E«inind ivnJ iiutriii.tiTc, ultbniii 
fti4T 4fl4'<UE]i>i^ if uit, ^ibMrfikl Pkliil OTitnrtvnmif. Yf^ 
hja pF^ilf, tr^itlrni'r, An<] Invn^ililTtLy lu^^'lml Ijim In 
fcaijuviji Otupuiui, Aud prci'^iiUil htji nui^pcAa In iba 
pnH'Ucir uf liit |in?f«B«iri;, Hit |jtvuLidt« AUtbnn 
yiPTt< IIhBa utd C^ct.ra kmoiig ilia VLdmaU, Abd 
SibAlUsbltfT ASd UutehUWoD AOVmif tll* iniHldVllA. 

Th« vidloulf cMK up*n LIm by ftnnlfitit m tb^ iin\«l 
uf fVw^niw Pn^ttf whtn he fliJiT-* •* ihp irtvpT iif 
Afraffi AlUr tbc iiiArmmif ibuikruji'iili. jiviclj ihit^ii, 
Thf nltm u( A,<Jc Dot bUtJUo bitii iu^^vtj lir^b iKbk 

in Ljtk F<4Uy; bi* iCjunU to CVrw i» wntuu ia a 
toDtoT vi^orAot aaJ p^i^hhl aaij/a. Ha ia f«Hi 
ndAtly dlAlnfUtabad ba a didActb fwi. And bu Mh 
In biA /IbuHRu ^ f ■dpin«litn out of tb* lUnt »!«■- 
inr didAcUe pwfoi tu out kii)EU*|A Tbi fwrfaxb sn 
bwuioidvii^ dio ddtnc* fn»FiLi) And tbg maaAurA 
dlniiA*!. It k t*p)tU *i(b *U««U4 •antiDWAU, 
wilb bsH^i** of pMb Unrty AHid 1^^ phikaPfJiy, 



J 



A KERBIAD-A L*V BAUA. 



77 



uciininliLb*(f, anil 

Tlk^e Uidto ha rnilabvound lucorivc; ia tL« ucw 

(tlkir>n, £■ wliioh iBUiy otdcP vlibn^f* uv iutru 
iluottd; but the ori^nul ^i|l alvfk^i bo lutW lOid ud 
■dmiivd- 

VLm vviy rouQE hp ictrnDpuiipil (hn SwedJih em- 

The Uuura V* Uicli Ilia tl&tiuu tU^mlnl )ic aiir(»Li>ycil iri 
lnr<al]I]i^ Ibraii^b thu Kiut, Uir ^iaitixl JwrtivJiini 
wul th' Tm4j1 in IVU'/ tnil JV^J*'; mil Iim nfTafMl 
■nmfi iij;;tjMiiiin ni«ppfltiti2 tho •jluHt^on i>( th» pity 
I if 'rKi>, in thuUi'mnui tnoilBiJoD of Le Cli«rilicr'# 

lb« kvTi«(l crcnWui. For trmt^ tiiM alroub llir 
nir IHOO In liv«d in (>4>ttin(tBO« ukJ ^h<t; wont tc» 
Fuia ju SutOIi^ fkarjjf dt^mmt 1inuvtiiii<Ta at 
ifae vhuf^Qf Id hb UftilvD CDuntry it ulcl to haw Lil- 
dnocJ UiD lo throw off ■]! cuan«:Uuit «It1i I^wc^Jlhi 
Auil rrtirf ifi l^iiuTp mlbtm lid rvjolvoil fntin Uic 
DudbiA* ft Uuvun-hira mul ott^r ftJubtU of liUiru- 
tnrk lb* niniUM (if hvmg in lilvc^rv Imaiirp. He iliikt 
at KAtUft, K*h, M^ INIV. Hii ffntniEH »(i4|'Ih^' a tH^nf. 
knimbilfc of the oriiMiUl uiii nnicrn Ud^]A(-«4. 
which be i.'uuM t|K.-iik a> >vl1L u iiiu.'^v''*^- Alijuejl: 
tbfilu AR Udt Lttfrt ii ,V, Sr/irWrr J* Sn-y iiir TicTb 
tarf ntnav C^pU, blti /-rtfp^ d J/, tie Airy, ™r f/n- 
trwiptitnt K^ffpfirnHi df tJoMtlU, }iLpfviiniJ««vp]0imfinn 
I* UM* iivirri|>Cliliii nn Uip ltn|>« hi Vcnirr. .Vi^Jnyim- 

IVhic <[ ■dj- /(N \'nraH'jt: <iitx: lit fiiriti'tJ'^iiifM ift jV, 
uTAiamc iii ^[f^l/JC]Tl. i'lijuailr iinp^irtcukt, b-lU f*T 
tEi* kmn-trf (;« of &n{iwt4l wriiitLgn niiU «f ibiii7ri|>tii^na, 

fvntfv in Nn ^/tntnii iiriff Vifiit/ip^ d' Affnf{lltintt-^ 
H13, ^t'l^, in iiJi]>(OtLiiu ubl^li ht^ aiu riupLii.'VV^I 
wlivd iiii[irj»:ii ^> iIi-^Ul. TIji; but nf Li* '4'i'iiii Uiul 
Apfapuvrl m pnnl ^am n l^ttv ■«' mif^ /pE«i:ripfioJi 

— Ifi n — *ii til f 'oiirit ItAliiivky, Th** Nivti^nnl fixiLiE"!'^ 
«H I'<u4a«hi4« him a rNiTFM]iflndiiiginfmlwr nr thr-ir 
■nd*l]r. Hit lio ImrW-X vf%f tlm |iyruriiil l>£ CoIlub, 

KUfV ScMh. At iYa EQonth or lh« UtAftii^r: p^tp v(>,<^f;Li. 
U nmtjxiut tfimia mmiqiir* cuir] ClpiniU uhnrcht*, nnil W 
oxDiriMidTJil F'^ ufi uUl dElui lit [iluhI cIlvU'T, Tldi'rivi* 
Ooiidlflntjo iii>}KirlAnivi Tmiii itJt borlj^mr itiiiJ il* 

fnm ujatubjr athUnr hUntt a.tn\ biw Aciturpil ■nnn? 
o>Iatfily hj Uia Lrwtlf botwom UciuIa f^riil Turki-y 
Iboa coudiiiliHl. (Itt. 0. l^Sd, ill wtiirh ttia Iaiut 
pDHW^ MtCTHil t<> diD uiiil'tv-Lttii |HiitilA uf Oiu ttuiviiiri 
«ttiBtaf>in, 'thU trw^r in & icpplvEnnnt to tL« trflam 

ImiiU lh« fortTuaH in Adar^r v<biph \t }ivi fnv\- 
otilj dcDianilwl th» rwVimtiDii. bnd ulcTtrtwEcdgol 
iIh ffltSUni} oipuijiaLli^ii i.iT wit nii.y nm Lhk cijirvt- 
■Md lor ml rvi\t* x vutii i>l ^MilJ(iv» ^IiiVLj If irnaiu hml 
4iiten&hi«Hl no fi>f t^rrin, Mni'Ufijk jhinE Witlndiin. 
BbI lb* UhIt w» not eicoiitQii till l^'i7,Aiiil thim 
aollo th* «kUi£ftOtloa of KuHlih 1'hi<i fwrni-liiHt thr> 
■liiMilili rrum of llki wir of 14^H lua^wi^n tSri twn 
gT«l fanltrn [joWBTfi. Tim uidiu^l MUuiELrL lmIuuv 
■f TVtw inaK >ilu«br«| hnm. unl tlia Ijttar Himiui 
«loii7 vf /d^M .1 fba it Uli#v*il ta bAvu pojtly wcu- 
fU lb* lit* «r A. 

:Lcftr>y. u imihll but llnvrt'biii(C ti»n 'if thi* V^nU-A 
lilajM. Otii'i. in 0)6 Ghi* CitmilH lUt lEiil^^i frtm If^ 
fnrcjnn vit^i [jikii Srie, li i^arrii'H un jm uc^lvu 
anlf^ULAiTv Irarl^^auclcnriLniiiAfiklliiiU-iiiiLlii, ^fm^llrii 



At It );u A miirtlinEi^, X Jul], uid tov«nl «kaurfh<a 
uiiL *r^hm>lA. ['op. lU.CUfl. 

Arif', lij the ryctlfb uT tCiuibiiiui* biii^ in eiii i>ftji 
Kiitl wv]Ui?MltLVEit»l vtUdV, rm h ■Irrnm vihich vntMn 
tliv Iflko of Kcij Hmar- Vadbr Uid y\ni^'H it ^ru * 
flTPimiilrnLbl* and oi>iil*iit tpwn, cmil nate ilattv** lU 
ebW intrrrM frciiD iu nimfrr>ii« Sificmlr rrnu^na, 

AKt^EthMli. * bf»ti ul AsJuLiv Tuikt^r, lliu ivu- 
'Icui'c uf ft tiaa^JA, 'm Hh l-J4IeI uf KuiflnMi, iDutb of 
tliu IkLu fj Alt i!fhubr, DTI cIki B«at*ni iE]n|>n nf tbfl 
HiiltJin'n^h TklmiiitunB, vtil oh tlin numvkn ri^ijt^ 
fniiii Conxtani^noflp tn :4>n*. It hu k HrpM 
iiuiDufiicl^rf fuiit k ouavlikntbb (ndt. Tlio bouM* 
T^tv LLi tcmcA, ur afa iljipVrved »uidli; groVH uid 
^uifonL Fop, 'tfiOO, 

Af-llUlV4. dbfl fjf tbi? UtutHl E^Ulo* cif Amann; 
IhiiiocIk) N hy T*(iniKV#\ K. Itj flnoiria. t< bjr 
Fl<n^^ta iinil the Gulf uf Mek^co. un) W. H Mlnra- 

*i|jpi: lull, iy lu hy Si}- \\.-. itfb, SO' \Q-uiiy K-: 

3S(l mite* ]uii|tP frmi ^'- t-> ^ . Mid alwut JOO |^ to 
W.J i^mn] miUc, AF»ut Sl.OOO^ ;>ap^ in IHIO, ItH 
iliin ]il,Om>; ii> jS^'ll, lt4,&17; in iVitO, 1*64,1^01: 
nii.l m in>l). til»n,1^1»-i. nf wlinm,S!fl,:t?(4iirAn> AhJU. 
till? nLi]iLl<?r iif <ouDtici into wbich ililt rt^ic |i 
dlwii5t<i Ja ''2^ TtiiiAlutiH ^m rmiiKdv LlioBral ut 
li^ierumait, but M(ii^ljjv>iutrvLBtii:w iht itJili 4Mt*l, 
OlouuH Mullflla tf,r.} lum tvcH jnbahitvil'i) »iid i> the 
nkiipf pnrt. Thv iiriniiip*! rit*n tir* Um AlahAhin, 
TrvmlBgliPP. M^lillr. Hlftrfc-Wam^r. VnnKA. IiHIM' 
fiobsii Tonnuoec, (JbatJili<irithct. ftntJiJu, I'lkhnwln, 
ojirl C'uEii.-i.'uL^ — 'Ilii; ■iiutliciiii |J£irl of lire alAtd 
wli]i.']i LunlcEM uti tlid <«'j1f (pf Bilbiin'i-' EkHii t'luri'liVi 
tlLraU};h'>ul V. «pEi<u fti'tv *v Jiixly luiU* wiJe. in low 
and \"**\. rtiK-fTPtl ttitb f^rt^. fly|>rp«s lUiH JnblnHy; 
in th^ mJrl'iIp (t In billy, vnb aimhi* trw^la <»f iippo 
liinil in i'lithla . ifi the ijoithcni inirt U t* X'fjiFKhuii 
brifkrumnl ii^fiiuljuiiuiia. Tin' AlV^l^itiiv MiiLilitaiEiii 
t^rtniimfrc in tbr nnrth tvi prirl- Th* fptTil-tre-™ in 
ibu nildiilo nlid Tinrtbom lEiildnm .ir« pi>'t, t>ln<ik 4fjii 
n'hrl' oak, hicfcrtrt, fh"nlfcr, nvUr, rhufmit, yiini*. 
muIU-TTy, Ar>. — Tbc totl U mrloii*. but a \ari-v |iarl 
uf it b »4.vlliuii. lb tbe toirib it b ^niL^nUlv uui^t 
Aiid IntciL , itii'l 4 (lUil uf ilic lii^li Uixli Ajv Tintil 
fnr cuItiviLtiitb, A Urt": |n>rtJon oi llir cpuntrr nbiob 
line lwl«rD0P the jVlithiviiiii mid T-imlttclwi^, tf tbat 
|Hrt WA^rrfvl 1>y ItiP L'nr4D in'l 'J'iLlkBfini>u, aTid Of 
iliat on tb* Trnneaue^ tfonfiit* of tery oxci-lltut 
luiid. On lliu uituvlu i<f iJw fif rpi tburr i> k (|iriir]i,lLT 
uf c^m 1>otL^)]iJ-]jwvl of rmtt fnrtllitv. |[<iiriitnilv Fmiu 
iti>< hftlf to tbr«a fourtba nf a mlL^ ^id**- On thn 
ont^iila of tbfa Li ■ c|mco wlucl> it \nm, w*l, iinT 
lnl<T>oiTt<«1 hy itAgnaDt Wfttr- »»l i-n tl^w rtv»»' 
iw^nipH *uJ elcvuiwl uai ta flftacn fe*l ibo^e It 
miiix^liIh au ittU-'imivt bcdy nf Wid liuid* of n Itlauh- 
ricb mi], with n i-tdaLIi q( hick<-rry, hWk uriU, pnt 
onJi f>(iplHr^ di^^otxl. ftti, Afl^r itiii coj.io thu 
inniri'V. whii'b aro wiilr--fpp«ii{ir,f.- pltin* 4»r cp-ntly' 
ondtilAtlnif \fin'\. wilhniit EiinhiT, nlnth'-d ytith entt^ 
hcrlBd;r,juic] do wen. citi Hieing in tlip niontL ol MkJ 
llin iLjUMl tEH^uliiin *ccHriy. Cultuu Is bbv «nT-'lc 
jmidncLion, and U tiuicJ in |R&t i]uunLitia. Cbhcr 
prciduoEionii ko tnAisB^ lien, vlwtt. vyo. cat** Jlo- 
Tmn ni^ 1* foumi in «av*nij plitou. nml '•nol Bhonndu 
nn tlw )ilflrl<'VViifrt*tr M»3 CaIiawI*— Thn pJImAtf- 
ill Uic fout^criJ E^Ait of Uiu lioltom-luKl IxinlvriDE wi 
tiiD mem. juid uf Llic cvuiiUy butdcriBh' un tb&Diuivct 
■boiil^ i* mibfbllhy^ In th* l«1cvaI«1 ar\tniry thv 
elJiOAltf b vury Gtn*; ttia wintun ara luild. miU tii« 
mmmrr" jdcrtntntv tn-iTiir biiiitflTAl. fiy biwifB fmm 
Ihi* Unit nf Mr'invi.--T>ip |<ii|m)nti<iH of tbL* "Ui-tr, 
(jiim tlii> Uuiu wLiTJi liiu fiTil wttltmi'iit i^iv unui- 
biEtice*], biu iflciTa*4'il tiith rruiru hablc rarUity, 
^fQUiying iJw \0JItfy vf tko McLilv Mid it^ IrlUiUr^ 




JU.11|UU^ALAMAKNL 



Hiiawii til* AUbain* 4|9BV^ ^ pctl«ai, 

In mi t^pli^iiUuTnZ xml finnTrHMfiTjioriili uf \lrv, h 

tilfhly bdvimUcT^i^™^ ->nJ Imui iIid fitLiUlT df jUimLl 
Mul tW xJuD <d Im (irotlwlutiB U W ytjj nplilly 
liHDme ML iaaportut mriDlHT nf llw I^mqei, Tli* 

MidClKiot«runpniiiiTljiiiLiiijirtliir^L!«li-'nt- — Ahliam* 
oiiietiuUj b?Ioi>G<>^ ^ i^ wWmvt 0«n^; ui 1600 
Ik caaMry Lulu Jinj^ th« tmsAt Kitm at UiavyBppi 
wrf Ah^nfr «M foruicJ loins tomlfliT-; Iha put 
«f Avid* Im14v«i P«r4 fcii'l J^onUilo ntvn, ii^ig 
ttkm ^^maannf hyxhn LtnirflJ tsULrt in 1>]:!.ml 
wunm tn th[tf irrHtJin,-, iini^ntiLm lulu It UiimeriL' 
Mijj ccninwiiwA. Duiliiu ihir jWf tr<!S aih! l^U 
U ytmt lnirtMii br Iha MUckt d Ui« b^b^vs wfan 
wn lubwl t« aJWAloD W Gnvnl Juhmmi^ In 
ItlT llw tfiMm porWiii of uvt turflxory hHOjiw ihr 
■UU i^r ^TioinjipE. luiiJ thu cwt^m the ifrTlLory of 
^U^iamih vhLih, tiy nu sicb uf vui]^'nna» BJjir. I^lt^, 
«■> HlmUUd Icrtu tin Upimi a* «u ibiitpuiiJcab atate. 
Dyl»ienulllulioiuBiapB«dJDJr. IS19,tb*to£UBtit« 

AJ^MltA: ft rifW tfbid) ffvcw ]U luuna <o ilin 
■tattwAlM {fnthvprvMiuiculidDiT ItufcitriuJ 
by ibr JniiOlla* of tb* C«o» »>t TftUApwu, uj, 

fiv*nuW»boM U4tilv Itay, toFanu tb» rtw Mnbi!^ 

AU»4tfA. I'MT. 4 v«*staa«l which bakngH m 

th* CAnh^lf-ntn hutw irf Amvlu during tliu dvU 

WAT of Ieai-(I9. Ka4 wtaicb InAkiifd urni ilkui^u 

riUimypiuAjcof Uur Fedonl 3t«k*a. bwii«i|H*inE 

BHMo. 'Ill* ^^«>a WM Villi for ttaoU[inr*(J«f« 
tfonntiDaat io I3<S if \hp MdUtL l^M of UM«n< 
Md; Md vuftmrnlwnKEriwiiLaTJi-ivbtfl mlili t*o 
gil^Bii gf SIW II p> cull, bflxiii'-fusitl. 1040 Itnw 
Inran, wid |uan4 fur 13 j^ud*. t^Jjc ru com- 
Dandcd by CiflBui lUplHl fettarnw^ n3u lud pfv 
Twiulir, i4wi u soumuoJ of tiw £kH»p. miiilti Iuid' 
Mir ihMtuih 1^ hii d««tniclkin of Ajnirbrui tfilpfqiif . 
iVkLsibcvw hdsff built WdMtbwIiopwvian- 
ioHy coociAled, biji befon ^ mh quite flnbtLvd H 

uv-nMtL uhI Uiq muLUlrraf ibe United A*!*^ 
jAfbiff «4id«iKiA lA^mlmg l< imtvu thU balor* tti* 
BriiJihh [^timfiianL, i^im^a] thjit «hii nhmtld liB 
d«talhi?«>, l^fTQim lmrm«,»li*r HtnailvlaT. prn- 
nuDoed Jd f4Ti>iir uf bcr aMvAJoo^ In vtda tb«t the 
c«a* mIffbL b« knmMlaileit bvtn* & arart of ]■* ; If irt 
by Iftii iW ti* vmI iRM AVCiAh IutI^i Isft IvjijkDd 
«A ibv r*Tj ddj qi Whkb Jm «*■ la U BcttBd &ti4 
■■■■tTvd MriRiiiinttitiiifhtX2-|icnind«n)0id (tons 
M lb* AsinML lok bcrtnuunuuhr, Guiuda StdiauM. 
«iL UwA ani «*> lunr Qanvd ike Ai^mta. bAf-Bfi 
bllbcrtv b«tt kwrnn idnpty •« "Xo» SOO"— W 
ttotabn ia ibi &M of i«a«U contlnulad bj Hoaw- 
I^fad, HIb nav (lOKtinanvwl bn dfatTveUk* ewAT, 
rapebrinf hvI bnrhmbr mtrbuit t«wU ^Uvv* buliig 
»D OodMcnne pon cqm t« Ibrir di^AHli. ilH ihi 
w Msb !■ IB ficlit *>iil> 1^ I'ci^iaI rtiwanT iCeftf* 
«fi;<tfClKbnrzbnUw,J4HlV;lHl, CWfUbi 
fWMuaBod manridbflmimv mvad^ pvuy by 
llafc«to«lbw«pHoal,iwthbjuFjigbAT>'^- 
iTnjBii hwycn did not ooaiMFr ib*t vtv hid hvrn 
RdUf «f Uj bcvftdi al kvbftll-'Hiastlie^AaA'nvi 
toiMapu Of IB OBTiotiliaai wiit^oUucl'difQda*!* 
cfiiiiui 1lfc«4b ivWn «vr Tnwhiilty 1h4 om^ 
hfttv bMft BfuHiLul (MtoliH); b«l 1b» AmffiMMt 
bM* btU ibM 14 WM by cput ntfUMcv iM tfw bi* 
to fbirir tbJprtt^ «M cttQwIi ml tarfy lalbwMd 
dvdr totdaliiv Id b4d n UBbfot«rdvDi«K All*r 
ft fi—l dMi «f di|4uuuK; iniuppnudu— k a^d vKi' 



bctitnn tliM Munery HAd Ifitf rnUnt .SUin ^by tnKy 
rd M«y flp 1^71 k. h< iiE^iuJt ihecus i^f buUl pvrtlB 
K>u1iitntifiii— iLi:4jULnUiD» U^c iu umabor, lu he 
auaod bj BnWn, tli^ irnikod BUtfi, Atrtlsrrlaal. 
llpiy, ftjid RfaeL An tunimtilv ■Biil-im-nt ilov 
MWTrtdBl bitntit \'\^t t}iapivttocUiT-(JLiKfU.inu fircipna^l 
to lu nilviititcd Co Uu arbiirhl'in by i\iv Ainprt»n 

Invmiiuiutp Out axrv)y fur direct luun. Iiut fur lU' 
in^t I ■PTJ'. uauvJby Uiv ugvoruiLiiuof tLDdla^amu 
*iid otLa crmiMnip u mil iv> by tbff i;ia«al cAoduci 
of DriUJD during thv vtat, frrt v«l«tiait fvtuJffvd tl^ifl 
good FMult 'I'liihtf 11^ 'I'liMwriftliu btin^ kfUmvM* 
wltliilrawn, lurVKt'iTrn ibu u^ntnurt mrt At Octjbtj^ 
;kiic| tmvi%' livanl mid ileliWnUnrl iin thu Mytton-iiU 

Joiind GfmI lEtDiuib JuMfr wi tb» (7 mtril ^^1»b««i iu 
duun* 1v tba tAoant ul If ,60^0UO dollun, trt «ba>ii 
£a,^»lCfl. llio BiMali, on awount ol wlmw wU t)i* 
djunihna mvo *Bmnl«d> wtir* tljn d'uEiafnt^ HurnAi, 
■hd alfluim£tMiit» aq rvinnwIdliLy bKiiif; liiiLii bu nl- 
kaublnOtvU BriUiik «c> Let u Ui* GanyittvvA gttnv 
€bnf«danto fni«9rt v<n onfiHirul 

JkXkBM^mt * kibii of gypiom [tm Gyptvm\ A. 
Ji«A 4 ^Mlar or Uw dogrio* of truBpnncy ftHVtil' 
ing to IM foerlju* ; hM « gnnuUr tasfturt, U ufbr 
Ibuk tborUf', dH« not Ubo vj Aut » ir-Mak^ »jid ii 
(uoklly of It pvxv 'H^dl* vokiuri Id £urt>m it U 
found n^ OaUflita bi Ofrraiwiy: In th« ntJcbWiir- 
ba«L oi dnny iclFtuknj: Snl|ikIypiiwE«nD' ^vnr* 
f»f Ibv A, nr^LT Ihii dly ^ piufiLiiikriy «totmfoJ tir 
ibl tthlt-nm Mill ihti tb* iif ifA bU>i^a« wlairlj Kv 
ImVecnoufh rnratUAim of thrinitijof lif^. TliprsBr* 
bWj iu4iiy tfuwrtB uf tUa ^onukr tqivaait vbiob Li 
oaoi fir ibo ttftnafftftUTB of pE»«Dr ut Pui*^ b Nol- 
Itnghuvhin And Dvb fHUr«- To |«p*re tt* pImI^t 
lb« gypmni it hunwJ and onvind, Uovldi »iid 
omM from lUtaiHUil f^thar iralptiRiff an formed 
frunt IIiE> Fftbubk mMnU* uid *Iki ■ vn^ ilmji^ 
cviurol fvx the u*oi>f Ibo iiulpbir lujd aivai^ (u fiuui 
tbflclivc jqhU^if iiuirtJu, [iluittrnm' kUn u*« it UiiiiJr, 
pkrlit^iUfly irt tni^tiUiiiiigm v\A faIia(-«. Ihb vmnuU 
obUofl Ur^ h[')<<kB ol A- 'Tom Ki^ftc uiit iivd 
II for tiatUM anil ooliimn*- 'V\it i-hnoit* muwum* 
omtidT] niftap TM>a &iul aduiLki- tfUiIn uf A,, fur 
nrlJt^L till] lEomiuai vhcu tiujfluynl tlib utdtB^. 

Atpv»< Tli<7 Ukr<t ]>iulkiiiWlj Id pul lli«irl4iiipia 
fa watM ot ImiiBi^t^ripnT A , vhtrh gm* knomi^blA 
hdlnva b&lboUifliL In ibamiiBCiiiBi ivnv AfUw 
of Hidcnt iicii]]>tkir« IM BfigTud, Un bvdwi of 
wlilcb irtvf A'l Olid llnh— didwmc oilier ubMWicr. 
A UiK, TiwOk ^ fl*li*< T—Lil tc hc-U p«rfub4<v brvi^l 
of A.. v«A ndbd by tLa Komuv tilahctUr. llw 

Ai-tKA?(^U Ltnui, ■ fkmnrn Italliin pocL Nm nt 
nMwjue iu li&54 of uuc 4:f lliu ujli^t Hid upwl 
rlirtiiwl'kcd CiBBilUA ul ll>c r«|fuUic. tUn iMbv 

■V BMtpHftly d«*DtKl to Iba puty fif tbo Uo£ff. 
mill bfl biTnvK flmvt in Ibi^flt fivnur *i1ti thv difdifeftl 
Cihiltn, K<lin Knrmiwl In iho h*Tnn nf 1'<ipp I,*** X., 
biU mmlTlM bbmcU i^Jitv bm tnJtimL ho Joliiel 
A «amuney mnod l^^Kildb tin life vl %hn (ai iliiu^ 
Hw plan *•■ diaomnd^ A. Std to Vroki]; imj 
«rb« tLt ovlinal iwfEilcd tht jm^ titutt UM!«r 
thtnmwof (^Wnifnt VIT, h* Vnk i«f'd£v in Kr^nrt 
hnt ih« mhfoTt«ua vblcib biftU ibiM po|« flvlnr 
nomot an onottonUy tv Wcvib fn^ In 1^77 A. 
nVinud UiElMt. tim coiuuy *a>t Ixiui "ii km 
emIbaMy 14 Ovdca- Uv* bv boMBit Iko frioLil «f 
Ab^Iivw 1>«iu, widi itbfiBo n**! b» mnt lo ^^nn, 
OatIm V •Aoo afirt uiM ii Ihe Hurt* Ami fnnii 
fi|iala to luly to artutgr ibr Atliin ctt rWvtvm anil 
■n^Jeol (t to ibe UaUdH Altar Ibia dcv miluilLUi 
A.. |v«K>ilK<il by iba didw All niwiln^ irni t$ 
Fninfff, vbiiv Ibo bi^ vhv td Fraod* I-rt4uvd Lioa. 




A-La^UI-RK— ALA«J]EHIt. 



e l^niatfir part t-f tijpi wi»rkL 

of Cmpj in 15-14, ho iwcit Luu v uuboMtifuc to tb* 
oifjpvmr ChnrW V. .V lU^oLugvl Us vtftoft with' 

Sn*l ikill. Up vh heLi in |ik« wtEnatlan Vy Hrary 
].. vhu kho aniiiloyAl hin In ifevomj tagi^hAioni. 
ll« foUuiitHi ihB eonrl, wiJ whb vrftii It at Ambmiir^ 
^hm bv miJi BtUokrvL wUb ilj»ubtfy, vbkiii l«i' 
mioUtd hli llf* b iaj>i}. Hit priiuijuJ norki v« n 
«Ua«tLc4i i>f jtQVKu, mId^u*) |ik1iu, Abiftf, olegta^ 
IaUh, tte., piLTt la Luuib-vum, tUu iof^tlinn of 

Tmfuju-, it liLilacLlc |iiivui ; it/i C"ii't''ii'-"<u ti whioh 
llf ii ifliiKUi lnJobLtil fur h[i» fuua t O'roni it Curtate 
■ beToio povia ia ^-1 canloA from <ui oU Pr<mb 
pa«i ol tbf *uti0 nfttni^: Xn JfdHA<W<. an sf>^ tn 
vbieb b* limcnhm^ iu a Uv ^Upp/ ^mlUtiUAJ tt 
Homnr, tfw aii^- uf thr. i:]ty af Bniiix'* lAitificimi]. 
UlrvwiHf in ii nuku; Aoriv it wtunly iu trtW 
' tdn ak ti <« Ji^aul ; Bod * number ofcpEfrMu. 
nt «Ti|£ft|S4 upf A- ATv rHojEimetided by «Mr> ftr- 
Mfiaiity. bi4 puril; of tlyl*, but afUa woat utraiitflb 
■ad pattii' rJavnlimL., 

A-f-t-HJ'^ltl'L Ell miuli^: feh lt,-k]lrtn mqlliiic] t« ilv 
tcnulii? ilia V'-y af A. It}' tu doinlnjuit aniJ FUbrluui- 
B*al A E !>' Jii Uw (^uIiI^Ua itiiiEc iJ uivbEcv 
A-U-mtrv it (Iw tftilm*t ototo itroi, or A ia lbs flnb 
«p4V» in Ilia ha^. 

AULX.or Airvs H'JM.iAWj wu bnm fr L»<a- 
4btr» in IA32. Rfini; tvrmnljAtlaohvd to th^ iTnibiBn 
(kltwltc nJiii'OU) liiT lift EuiflbijJ un ttic ouo^ton of 
JHilbilBi uuJ lL*iiij;li Ltf ■null nflcr jclunmti ha 
UvwJ bk tlw ;;raUiC i-rivu^, ud fiiuJJj QaI tv 
nia4a*t- Kb van, biiili dunnji (bit ooBwdnunl in 
IfagUai! tiv} hi* fwidtn^p alofiid, unlr*1jr ^nmpd 
Id writitic «dil ilbdiribiitbw fokndal tnotj^ aoa vm 
«H ^ ib« »bk4t BdvocBtH ol Boueh Hfl Ms^rted 
ib« mtntdlj ef Jqifuin;; EliMbvUL, bubiUiuoJ iliob 
Wwj AliMlnd *ub)i»tt fnim tbdr allci^bauo, ikud tc 
oflBBHiiJtd tb« uiTiwan of KngJand bj Lbv Sp4iiun[«. 

tiswd lo mida At UmiiD till hh ilcabh, \a iJj^i. 

JUUX) or Oljtiu hiLASiM. & luuu binju;i ut ao 1u- 
taNtBilniii T^fVimbihi'iirr J ikUmtt BJtujtial (KLnoca 
lb* Gslf *i B'lUiniii fUiJ tbu Kfkltio, and odu liia 
novtil a( th* UiJf ff i-'inJHfiil. N'm^ifBlian uiumff 
tbm >• rwjiiirttil 'ItlHniilf. hy^lhi^ iiarmwiiMt lUiA 
■tadowiH^ (if the cliHiintls. AluJ. illiUai ulicui 
Je> bbSv Uwa tbt tiwfiUAli uiJidL, in U)t LvjjAt vf tUo 
pmip, bcug abvut S& iluIbi Iuhk ^/ -- l>f^<kL iL it 
U^t fladply unldBtel b/ natUDionv baj*. mud oon- 
liBirpit* ff i^nn (uvJ UT<ih It rtoAtaJni anroD 
bif *ncl pMiun* lnr")<" nnl h'ff, h ^n ttm 
bliudt. lufllc^^Dnt ciuniiLltJu* of wlint ry*i. A-id 
rtdcd fut Uii: «Dp;iLir( u! iLiv iiilinUtnubiL 
M^ *<T«FihI i^fi'i] hnriruur* m ihu inUiidn. Thfi 
lb, about ICvi'^i'O in numl-pr, v« onlif^ly r<f 
«7tAutJcnl- In IKIVJ thli j^'iip, 1<:4fpLW 
Fi&lutd. K]lPtn^l^41 tjy SffiHlfn tn Kutald. vhlfti 
lunuiikLik fi>rilUi^iiULiii*, (iBntL-ukr-lv xl ht> 
t. uci llin B. hidi' uf i3li: i«lam! of A, Tliia 
*l>*J^ f^trttw w«* complctpclr ^omniubcd bj the 
fcr*'*** at>*l Krriudi aUi«* m IhSI, Kevvml mrx^mn- 
CQUinvT b^ mjiLr^ thn A. iilniufiB |'aTFici|a] 
of ibi^ l[iiHlBn tlwl*, »ni*h fi« Lhc' 'irty 
I^Mmeof tbn !■» iu iprLiitfH Uil- lAtciicKi uf lIe 
i^bdtul wUcb tfao boHp'iiE* miil i-i«»dBUiu3a Tuuoiu 
«^A0j ftfv* frotD i*4piui[L tliD fiuriiLly for [TotvcLm^ 
CB^mAO oaAtliiiif tnuiu on IJlo e^jI <hon uf tb? 

AltDil, Av Al.A^i; OQD d ibe vradikc irltm bhtcCi 
Jktki wvtmrd at thu tiiiii? ■^l (be 
«if ths Rcdiiau cujiirc. Iln^ ii[it<ibr Ut Live 
%t^ p^v 31ovn1 0»4]cvtt]i^ A pu^ 'if ibc tribe 
ifcvtV7A A-UO V C'<'ai['i'^*J ^> u^ Hutu; vmtbiT 




put liinivd thi^T iiL«|* iHWhRb lb* 

dmrv thv Vudalii Mid 9i»rii Fruni tbslr' 

pMHd witb tb«iu orvr Ibt Rlduv luli> FiMLUff and 

^poia labijai f i)7)> Tbf Viiu^<«lh^ 'Irvffl tbui ffotn 

btboa iir Tv^ur'd tlMTn lf> ■titijo^.-tiDri, ind ninni llf 

VLI0 of aU (hv cnnijunvrt h^Iv* "ivo^'fj Un Kuu^n 
tmpin. HbBicoy fl»t mu^lii'nF bim «biivl a.D, titZ. 
wbivft tba iritlliD vvuro aiiit*J %jlJj ll|ij anain* of 
l^KMlda^u* Vbu (Jwiil, III unler to |u|hiJ tb« Huio, 
who umfiami Ihn vim\*rn (tm^an, ThU aUmnw 
divoluwd t« A- Un wviltiiBa vf tliti Boiofta empATV: 
■ad iDBpJnd lilai wltL llv nwluljon dI alUclrlug H 
Umaolf, Ti^t diantlviu bttWKik tbo tviu acim and 
nwoMOM of I'bpoJ^tiui* .Vr«4liiki anil HtArmua^ 
txd tiMlrnJbUlon. iCulbLuiolul ^Liliubo^ laoJ.tatnl 
dka aiaautlmi of hin puriw: lunl tboiifli t.liA hnriH 
Btllkbo maauonwful b bViTUn:; Ila finl atliuk, lix 
As TfliD 400-4 DD| W tuoUii];: bbn "ii iLc AOdnwl 
at V<rt>na. y*l A- fiftjuil. In I'H. ati bpfurtaiilby of 
rvdirniiuf to [IaIj hUL hui ktciy. J)^ Iba iMdiatiATL 
ft SLiUrlifi h<' airiL-liiUi^il a cuthpul viHh Hmiutm^ 
ctjiifaniiiibly lo wtikb liv wa* tnailvancjo In KptniBt 
*itd frum unniov toattauk AmcUin. in vunJuUfUon 
■lilt lbv Inui^ 4j a^obo. Tbls war JU ml Ubc 
pbft; bq( X dcfluaiiJ<.'<J an mdcmniBo^fln Hor 
bftviotf irndfTtakan bb« uipiuiiL'iti, uid HoDurJuiL al 
llm iuT*iM uf fitilicho. friHiii— 1.^ bim tOUP ^imitw of 
pild ^iK filiiiilin't 't but afur Oin rjtrcttnri iif thn 
latb?r. hr (ibilr-ii U> fuint Iii> pmiultc. A* advaiiLvd 
njtb au afiuy tu 1^*. and ibvt««f\i Rnuir. but hu 
(Kinaadvd tu auan tbu uLly uc rtuuiviuj/ a nuiKULL uf 
£tHXr paufkdi of bM, 30,000 p«uiHl« of idv^^r. 40UU 
rilk gsRiHiU^ MlOO plflw Qf fbia iCMrJut <'}i^Uk md 
AffOO ])0imclH nf prp]irr Kr^'utinliniiH Uvk pLwio ba- 
tv«zi I1viii:iii<iun» jik lEafiiJiuit (iLi^l A^, vitli a ^ jq# 
t4 pmtiuif an tttd tt xiiu war : but iIt pAitic-i c<iu[d 
tttfit aCVVU, uid A- LtAK^t Koutv a icooni timi-. lEy 
outdnu cff thu BUppEiui li/ the fuly b« tuon i>jia]»eUid 
a napltiilnlbn, liy «trtu«i 4if ^vb:c1b Mm* H-nalo rlnnUtrd 
(bo pnfiivt of tiw (Uv, Attoiut. nnprriir biili«il gf 
lltrfiuflui. fiut AtthW viljtnd v> HtUr i-iuiIuuh 
tlitkl '%' uliU^'cd liiiu |>ulkLivl;y tu rca'ij^ Ilia (iii['tj 
diguit)'. ^'agoblatJiHHitapta] t<'?Up1iicu**vtiiIIuui^'iu«t 
but wur* ma vjumaammvl kJt ilw {iirriitr. v-ti-i A tv- 
•ip|rfd RAiTiHforllifthirdlJmn. ThnGcillupprn'tmtHl 
iuio the dtyia ilO^sukvil Iw buntLtl ■ piusut II. 
uud dvAtmycd A Kiwt quimUty u[ acJiJoul wlvU ot 
art. But tbB luaddralion tfj A, U pmwil, Uuui^ he 
puroardon te npiva Iba flbtirehatf tuuJ UiDfd h]>c< liu! 
AhI tn ihftn fnr thdur Ilia innttrw AJt>vl*J 
fliirlnff f^ iboiiiani] ym,n Inm nil i^u^nnv Iwcuo* 
llie pn^y of lurbAilAiia. A- Irfc lEouifi after A midvitn 
uf «ix i^r>> ^uh tbif vii^w uf rviluuiun Siudy and 
Afiicn, bul diratb uvertu^k bim ca <^1alJlua, a OaTa 
hiiai* town, ^ IK 4lO, Ho wu L'lrriuJ in thii c:biuiJit.'l 
'^f tl:'' l^ilvolllri^, DikL bll rfliiliJi:-! Iltl^lit mA IK foiriirj 

UifDie aad Italy cdabnt^l imtilic f<«tJialH nn cb* 
iKcauQEL» }?iciJy aad Afri<d aa^r t]i#av#1vD4 fr^t-l 
froiu uuininvut ilfliufrrj and ih* vrirlit mjnyni a 
niH^mpnl Lif jwiuvi, Ih]i Uit: wiftTv'b of dcMlaUan ww 
Piitn tcrieVFil; Uir IrLrUmtnui bul IvaratO llw vaj 
tu K'Oi-'. A. biKJ Ui>^Ut tliuu ibc wiiakuuatJ tba 
Jufmer outtn of ihf Torld. 

Ai-i BUftnn. a to«n nf TUrkvjr m Aua, in tb* 
l>iLubiLlia of AuvIoLej. *linut Hil milei Hit nf Kngra^ 
flnFbv (huh of MomitTmnbii^fomniEa under thoM>De 
of Pftii'ulr^i'/iia tot l|k« icaL tif i>i]C uf Uic flml Cbri^^ 
Llau c^buixbva It u uf unal hIdi^, but tbn \mvam 
u« iiiiMn, and tbv ■(■«•» (i«n«*r and dirty, A t«ai 
iiuDibai of (utcPHLLDR mnaivt M ant>|iiil^ an Mttl- 
Lund uUnil tbu barn, onuulinf uf tmgnuiiU tat 



I 




80 



ALASKA-AI3AN'I. 



tmutaful Ailumna, lUTOitH&fi. ^>autull^ fccv A. Th 
«liU A (linn of liDiiurUUJn. tfinu ni»L^U rvKirtPiid to Uy 
ufemmia tWi>£ Id uni from 8ii(jrrji^ Pop. 15,D0C. 
AtJuatA, k IrtribHTi U. >iUt*«, r^TDpriiln^ hl] 

natt loultnHr^, t4>fMt^«r with an iny^ilitr niiip nf 
tTTuftlinn |>ni1 iNr miJiKvut ^AUii't^r v^lrnilUiir eoulit 
f« IbL (I* iO' K> ud lyioic l»(i^<n ttiu lliiLitli 
tcmlHM Hod I>i0 Padfi«^ It kUd iniliiJ^^ Ihti 
AliDlIu laUiidA. Tho tcUl un& ^ uoiupuu<| ut 

-1J.?0r<. T'hn popnliuiiiik lh i^-uinatAl \ty nuinr at 
T^pOOO, Kt Mr. I>hU id. rifiiJ >u Rtt^^nrfu^ ^jiTU> 
uiiJioa it cijil/ 2P,0I»7. iTifi loiTitorr it wnuftd l^j- 
*cir«r«l rivtm, Xht priiid|«l of vbiDfi uv tbu Vuknu 
^nA tbfl Ikniko^uitD. In* Edruar, vhii?J) ri*« Sn thit 
Itmtitb t-trt^j' uiil flniin in wi Hbtrly drnicUtin, 
but wlUl % £*«£ tertd KiVHrtli Unf ci^i-i-b, bu ■ tmul 
Iciitftli. muLudilv wivlin^i. vf 4>bvui '^4)00 uillt*, auJ 

iviiil tlttli 'Hit prinpml mttntbuii* if A lix miiUaof 

In LfiE IVnIiuLlft of .Uloflu a mf£r>l iB^kboDc. 
Aiavii)[ lljtfiii w% ■ iJiiiiib<E wf virliwiio p«*Ltl ton <jf 
fiUcb an iictirc, .Mounu l^'AirvvcjUhcr iIOhOOC ft,]. 
ftE.B]iiM(ll,0(»>,Cril]nb(]3,£00)< lUvniw vdIw><» 
lW.OO<n, R«d«i>U vokuLii'v ai/'JTii^. JIM tlv Wtint 
lunmlli- Thfr f^llffwte nt tlir iiiVrlrir fi ir^iy v^n* 
la wicitT, but ill •umuiDr the bfAt ^i Iiiicfim. llic 
Olun>toi>f iho Fatlf^ luwt dkdii-ta it iiiiM but luubl. 
uid in (bv jiAoth itt'bcd "JnidonblT twdj'.*' A. 
prodaoM *Mf»Ei«nt titnhor, in puticu^ th« yaUmv 

Pvnilc CNUJi IVuDitrn 'tf fiir-Iii^iirinii 4BlmftI< In- 

lubiL Urn Kam\A nf tli? biUiiui, taeli u the fiir4HEp 

Hfl'oltfr.b^Ti/r.ftfCiiniili. hui-Uni. Ac-» >ail IIa fur 

•wuui ^»ith tod. *4]gwn, uuJ otibw A«l- 1^ abori 
^inal bilubiUnlAMntlitaf bnolnUBI 4tr ftlllnH m>>n 
Md Irnliint A- |r»rTn*f ly bilxmfti In Kuvia, \aA 
irat muh nviiT in lb* U^ Buloi Jn iSfiT bj b^Iv fur 
a *um of T.*0^.<^OU titllin. 

Alatyu. > l4v> vf Rojfi^ in iKq nvvmnMil ofr 
uJ »D ff|jj» \^^^^^V. fmni Siia^M. M tb« AID' 
(IflvbM o| tlw Alktyr Hid Hun^ Uie IfeUH fpf wbn'li 
ii ft irihoUry at iJlh Va]g& Hid luiUHa uv mik- 
«lniiA«d vf wwkL , tboeuiiT* fmiitmn dmrubut. iiidLnL- 
ibtf ft oaUivdnJ, hhij tlnw ■L.-li«M>b, Thmn i* ■ d-i»- 
narftUt toftitt, ik«d tbu bivn bM & bvixiur nn th^ 

Ajjw ft ^trfcftJ T«>lin»itt vom hj ll* R^uitn 
QabBlie ffftoata vhilD cffli^lftUn^ In iTiv mora fnlonin 
fuDCtimiKuf <ltTiD»>vniLV, tl jvftUuiu mlHuf wttit* 
Hut* fH«bia|E to tbv twi, bvufitL nmod llw vaJnt \tj 
Aiiuituni M ABUn^ DondMil; to tb* bodf thu 

ALbA LainiA: ft miAlvnU* eily of idtiuiii. sf- 
cumUn^ to tndilloii bnDt liy AkisuiEuK tlv 'im itf 
dfiMM :jraT«nwd. ftAtr lta» ilvuh cif tbi rnuMiiT. by 
jfcHM ^ItJiu, ibe Hwml mm *4 iEiit** It it4> 
lltt biHh plftM of Romnliu Mid Itomuik uid full 
nftdov iht (luuiinii'b **\ tLv fonii^r, In vofiav|iiBn«v 
«f Ihp vii?lnrT n( Uu Kniiiaiife m Uii* nsntfVt b*tiv«*n 
Kbi H^mtd W ntj;iua. It wfti 4t tmx tliM th" 
lovii pirvaful dtf^ of l^Lanit ftti<i ti» lK*d nf a 
icB|[ue cf Ibo LftdiifllUpk It dulml It' DMOQ frvia 
lb* p«MviL «a ft JOBf aura V iUh *f wbitp limtwlAme 
b*|n«M«uAlb*in**t ll« JUhtft Mvuni ka>l (ba 
fju«< ATlanfit, Ti'>v th* rftk* <A AlbmiA. Tlun 
mi felhi M dlv <if AlliH xw tb* Lftw* Fiudniitv ■ 
b>vn vT tliB liftni i ftu A Fonpck in Ujivrift, ftjid 
fta A JulU. U0W tr^lMfaWv. U TnwrrvBdli. 

AtUV, frr., Iit«4 k it» W cwtarj Jtat t-t^rtt^ 



and b old b> hftm Imm tlm flr*L pinnti who luHVrrd 
niv&vrlniLi tnr CltrialUpitj Jn liivAt DriLftln. lie 
•ru Dorik Di«i Ihe toin in HvftfoniAiilie v bicb siuti 
b?n« bE« nuao, but wu fnnuurly TjJlud I frrr/d^rt'ivin. 
In hi* youili liif ttfrioi] wvi'ii ^csnafii tvJdivr imd«r 
tbff iftiniMTor DiciolutikiL K<Cunnntf to PriUiin, bi> 
cmliriHi-rJ C'Ifrliitiniiily, hhiI r^jfT^irtl Tit^irtyrdom Ln 
\hv jfi«fk£ pin'nrcubi'rii wtinJi U'\,\i pliuxr in iha tiluQ i^ 
tbf- i>W\< 4.'Uii>?rv-r, u)>odi V)>i or fiUl. A aunibcr *£ 
i^iLhkIc* ftco nlirilfitU'fl ro lbi> Pfuiit. Tliu 4;eI<iliT^tccL 
itJunairiCHry ul Sl_ Albab'a iviu fuundcd botwcou four 
and f.Vfi AntiiTLM aft(ir bU dtnUi^ by dfFu, Xlnjf n1 

MflTlB, 

.\LUd>i: ft riuh ud p-rvviful f^kJpUy gf ICaiuc, 
ivIiAcb fli^ beltirv tbu Turki in Ibo Ifltli cvututj, 
fiT>iii AtUvU b> EtuL/- Hon it ^vdiviituJ into tv? 
hnucbM I t.h*ouuc«riHE.ila1m/tbafiJiulyiif Bvrnamo. 
lliH olhiT that rtf TTi-ftinn 'I'hn nitimui ltrAiit<h nf 
ttv A^nttcftitaaiJcDdoiirtijii fortvnnl^cjrctiniPCaiii^c- 
It nia lUi A. ^v1li> aiiiivunoL-il lu Viliui VIII- llic 
M'^iiuiliuui^f L*ibiiK.'; unl rjclurj and [ifvlatif JkEiim^r 
Wtfre ihv r^wan! iJ bii lidintjH, TJm i«jflu*m™ of ih" 
Erunily uu tfory ^cre^ 'A'bvn I'lrnn^nl \]. uiwndr-1 
lliii paptl fAuir w MtW) Uf '.hn <u>phh(n nf Trhki 

fip^ Aiitilbalc A,. Alnundro A*, anil liEiiiuRul 
raoLcaiMi A,. AiiiijLali' dinLJui^iiIjIjciI liluiixiEf \fY ^i* 
vntJiiVk *Jjd cuUi^i^tWii rjf bcicilu itiicj work' of art, 
wliicb bavu Wvo ittcurj>DiiU*<i with Oiq tn^Miirv* <'f 
lilt Vxti"i.iir AJmandri) A., hi* yonnp*!' biritlm. 
iMini 4L UrbiUD m lUP.;, Uii^k m-dci^ at the ci[irr« 
dv^fc uf Pttpa OdTumt Xl. Ho woi la-iied ui Uiu 
di^idty ufcudLft*!. ia ITx'tn l>r Imiu^xoi XIII. A* 
A lUbubcr nf tlia >vicd oUrgd, a« IVotcn^tor of 
HardinJa^ *>^d, L^mlDr Hvnaciicl XlVr, am Avoolat-^ 
prriUtftnr of lh* ini|inriiil *tttM, bn Irhnl; an uUw 
part lji aJl th*^ cin]ir.p<KU in wblf b ibr? jinpoJ c^^art «u 
ibvu ciJi-A[-n^ ptutimLatl^v uii iieLvuut uf Lia ftmt 
fri^Ltdsbijj f ut Uid JcauJli, «( ^-blth uiftiiy pirf 4jf* (Airt. 
nprcioUy in tba jn^imikbi nf Talhcir Torduft, In tb? 
i^hiiTinc of a iiiii'^ litTiLry Uffv, i.f igrwtbla Hwltty, 
■ii>] a will-hl^iHl laliTi<, I.Tir' ronlLnal iounJ nvftUr 
TLJoymant tlian iii t)ii- tiinnr>IJ oi 'Uw%{\\fm. Qna uf 
bin floUdrt plcvun-a ^aa Ui a l-i>1KtU«ii nf tvorku li 
art, wbich Iw tra* uuiAtrd in an-aiLiciiiy t'v H'iiH'k^l- 
hiann. wLqiia i^llpc]tini?ii \w iuburiU^, V% ii |iif<<t<a 
bnw niiLvnd* Wincdtvlinaiia wu d»*'>lrd 1'> tb; 
^n 1 1 rial, vlmv knfivfH^ otiibl a|T|im-ialj* anil 
%tcvMd Uie ^'Pbihii of the anhvoLif^t. Of tbia lii* 
i|iLnu]uL villa Irfun? Turla Aabtm. at Rqim^ iiL>|wl|h- 
■ lAiidJriL- Ennnjr ImDv. ;ilTii*li htrikiiih; pti>nf> MtsxHltl, 
Marina, Fca, omA fk^v^i <'i^mljiiH^ to nuke It knflfl^ 
and rn a porlion of tll(^k^ awn npttlfttbm (4 i«t 
tr^Bfirm. Ii foaialn* tlivf richfal modani |Vi«ftt4 
unoctkin, ftftd dcHM bomiiir to Ibri tnHlii nt TtafnuDtW. 
It van Raid In Rnuia >i-mi hTw i1j« ituaUi of tbv 
ArdiDal. m ft ptoof of bis Koui&Uiio* with andeni 
r< <in^ tbat lie doqU dJctlft^uiih tbs i^oLne fcdox ikv 
viiubtvrfrjt by lb* mvn |i>ntb, vlthout Cbv aU «f bu 
(y«* Indufftiitralily a«U*e. yrtnnaFftn ftutbi^. Urn 
rnnlinal dit.|. IW 11. ]T7». fliimigiii jllnvchl Iw 
t>ritMv bLa UW^ 

ALJUV1. FuircBBCr>. a famoua palnlat. b«n M 
n^logna In 1578; ttitfrtd tJjr fchmt of BiAn^ai 
CkIv^eI, ■ FlvjDiab italulaFn vrtio haii a i,'rtAl ft|puIk- 
lipjD in Holcyna- A. wu vb* nf hn inott duOin- 
iniinhtd tdudan^ Inil i^nIttMl biin fur liiidovirv (W^ 
iftcuj. uiidei whove inatrutiiuti bt uuvlc lajiid imicnM. 
np Ubourrd berv Hiveial ytafi in ObaneulMfti vUb 
I>t>iu<iii<liiii4). Ut hbvm bo wfti cfaftriy ftliHiAai Iw 
fri«D(lBhip and I^h u| art: iiid ifiBk* HMMftTTftinii u 
Mrarpt^liltf 111 thmr manr^cir of roLiBrinv- BbI n 
innvnlinii hi? anrpa^un hi4 fri-ixl. and Inneftd all Id* 
rifftli of tiie ■cb'ml ^f «'ahrn ]h« fcnMle ftriut 
Mow* flftOift al"r*v tltifv i»f «t^ olhrf ]«intEn, ftft 
o|dn^a vibiib v( i^j^ud ftHuuL |o uot^vbdlbuwlly. 



Ji I.1I A M A— A LBAXr. 



SI 



_ it*'tmim^i AJofni m4 lAf Sr-r, /'ir'T^FJi^ t"j fAr 

iBvU. ScmrttimlniJprtekDlualaH IrequctLElrKl^i^t- 
«it; «Wfl uIbi>.Uiv pfcjiitEUtfaiira prlucapnJlj- Liutin- 
niib'4 fnr th* bM^tCy □! tlia bxAk nf li>» Aiifl^la 

Mtval hint *i uuxlUi for ^ds Vwimcfl, Ukbiiua. ouii 

■■b«d| lit lt*>ni* and BalL^kfUL. T)id ■■:U<iUfm(.M*ULcK 
■Ml vtKon br vif^l, lumaHl hrni 4ti i-flmiinvy hikH 
wBBkiidiAf tiyle. BD^I mjkJnUfiii^l ilufeE lii* knit* TH>t 
h«ir *D yiw *JJ7 difuiiy to malr tyuiL-*. I'w iJjttt 
mwa b hwhUdJ tdbjcH.-'^ uLlcl] lEL-maitil lite hu^l 
^■ritt and bat b«vii ottlfd, ni>t witUoul raxMio^. Wit 
Amm^vtm of puntm, TJji fLur-"A'nuu i.f hJi ijilinr* 

«qlllnl bta fiTDf, uhI Ukd'liL l^iijit, \d tlic <:*il ^rar 
of tv Jkyc, Ifd k(( beliibil bim tcmjiU ai'iIlu^b. 

*rEfrL*7 LTi hiir^iyi*. Ivmf bo^^^tvn Int 'V>' A.nil ly X,; 
l^A. 1^ tV wwl VI' 'M~ X, hfiii i>prii|LyinL- iFl" oiir-^-nt 
K|iln9 «h] |*rt cif lll>Tlciirxu It l« iiboni 200 mlU» 

fO ooilBB ;& il» iiDtth AQtl EniLtfB t> ftlwub 40 tnit-i in 
11^ Wlil LHT thv Calf ^'1 Aria. I^ tKninUrm afri 
■mUi'ViIrt ftUd WHt, thv litniriTi unit Ailnttif 4<4k«: 
■dflh, MaRloi^ro hni Ifcunlih, t^iitc, S'^rvli^. Ma/vs 
dpa£ft(ar ;Brt uf Ruuiurlia^. jmil ThkA'&U'TlinKOv; 
KwUt, Iht kiu^diiru uf titi«ij«. Tlir Ipi»i,ui1i^v <iii llif 
MBtka IvqiDcI br » ruife of vinT»jU4n<, wlaich, yrriLH 
■Jhr ifpfAkJiij;! plMaaniC'tLkltM t^w n^nttfr-Almil, aiiiI tt 
A» Vtiih ka ckILM Shv l^'hjjh or Va^tiu; t&r(bi*r 
ttdUi GfuniiiTi^ %(ifi ItdiuiYn A nrt-] 'Tlif^ly W.*-»- 
■DKiAV 1*111111111, TliL? onmlr^ in d IvMi.'U trum imrlb 
tu tfclli inV> t'ii|vr, Control, *iir) l^iwvr A- It ja 
««uj|r"V9l uf hi \rn*\ nirLt niticr* of hi]K of wtioh six 
■to in Kf'ii-i* *PtJ throD or f^iuF Id Ct^rttnJ *nd Upper 
JL 111" hilld III L*Dntnl A uv fimipvptivi'ly li^w, 
vhil* thfi in 1.rjf|KT A. flro \\w IrfLifir. ifitliitiTiriiiiirv. 
■NM In li^ Ull«r itkLrif!! ftn<l KpiruH b^vuit; hiinwnn 
Ikcm Bfwli nioB lu^Dlh* trf ^U' yrutr, Tii"rvi w no 
lll^ fi^vFv ID A.J uiiL jn tuiDlnN many cf Ihom Iia^d 
fOftrtcIf uiy *«l(iF. ct uv <JvQii ojoiulDttly dty, I'hfl 
DbB or l>nro u Lh* I*ii[wit. It tt rinfiftJ by tho 
1VUE« Drin riain^ on tlin BHiti&n fntntiiir. nii'E tfin 

taip*M4<f1j fr^4n ifie mTtli ^v\ fnVK mkI ihfLr^r L-btLr 
^Klua 1h nrnf't iqartu Is '^t.-^i til it f^ilL* iiit'' tlm 
AilrJMir. OlLcr riven uro Xhn it"yit'Uk. I^vnit'iu'f, 
VtfVBa^i, KaJaiuiVi H-h^ Aril A ii't^rjTuiiiw iimuy vi]L>- 
IWIiiB.Miii'riiniiiMi iinl i^ttiEJiu, wjth ]v>iicIm a.rid wn^r- 

■■■) nort br^ijuful Uk-: »ii tim oiiuiiLi^. imjJ i%4.'ii in 
lWi«v, (» lfa*( cf Ouliriilrt, ^E^ir^h ituLuut 20 imli--* 
Isag. i IkhwI M Ibo ividH.^1 Tuirt, 6»irl K-n 2H7 /cut 
jtbntB Ihranx iTiti Inlrci M Houlnti, m I Jjip«r A , 14 

tjttiim (d ilic Al^w. ami It c^iripnitil '^lileQy (if Hum- 
BOlSlctlllirvL'JlJi'. wltli JjL^i-c uiJ lli<!rv u|tlii.-^iv?ij *L']ii*L 
«aJ ■er|wbtliu]^ It poswTdc*, in fiuQioquL-iit'e <if it* 
UIt mouEittiiiB tuid ii»ikt1icni ii-jHiliuu, nn Dtlruninlv 
imvft T«fv1iEinn A mnnjj iU ttwv niv miuiy iipiKH>4 
** ettk. iJin pijthr. hM;"!, jiUnr. ph«itiiiit.VypTT*, 
■Od lA4r*l. Tliu tiuL' flriUE'isijn, bret?tLur witb ttii? 
«ama^ uliiiEniJ, li^-i tuull'ca')', auiI ciiriFii. ujul^r, 
vW>^ and Uutcy ore cu!t4i'4U<l, It* rnimik ui»ifk- 
priiB biiu^ nhalvfw, ft^iX oIbnim>; aK^i;!? unl |fp&t< 
u* IWiuVmU, «ipagi>]Iv tKn kttar; Chir hntw nr* 
«iOiflnl, %Xm\ »mm iinrl rmiliM afp plpnltrnK Y.n^\ft 
yi4 i^Lhjt kiJiiLk uf IjEiwki Mu i-lLnitLful, uid Imuk' 
^C » * UvoiiHtv itijjijpcjjiciil irf llm wcfJlLy dnHoi. 
Bm m mivi cvcnvturo; (ba gituUeii^bJ ifucut 
Vct-L 



(linvM in Krdziv: and In tie manhH in Iha iHuun nf 
iba Aru uG urtr l^kr Sl-iiUH Inttm lUv fdUDil In 
L<.<iiAidi.i %\t\c uMEuLvEK llii: diiiuU) i», |r<iutnlly tivnk' 
iii^, uE^'ctlctit- ilioiigh Hi iftan fiua* low tftd DiAnhj 
gTouiaiJa ^\a riu la fgvcrn in t^ brit aHHii. Th* 
<'\\i"\ vtpiartA ^f A u* Jm^ ito^b. wnoL hUvi^ gnJn. 
[irrhlvT, nil, ctlt fiih, k^Nrne, miil VtlMii'i^ri. Thu c)i\td 
|)"ICj iwh Vtf^M^x, A^lubn. ].>ur]k3u. lujd I>u]d4:im. 
TJ» fh-LPuUtiuui*ntLiiulu!«(a'jmt l.l]OO.OUO»0OMUiV 

lu tlwy coll iboniHJTfit, ^"ctfmiort, vitL ftOttUln bum 
h»rfi* liTwkA miil'I'ikrU 'J'h«¥ uvdltiderf into (Jn«ls 
<-lir1a|]iiiu^ U. rntltitUc*. ftml Mfihrunuijuu- TKdu^Ii 
A^ hfta frc'jUcntlj' iJiaUKul Jla 14UL■^ iLi iTLOMEjir^ &Ad 
Jld lKiuHti4tHc>, b |Hupt« Ijaib Ixvu imUiMJiuc*] lit tU 
iiu>iirirjkiiiB (rnu tlv <Kr]i*i*t ivnnia aJ hiaUiry, wliKtt 
Inn^UD^ and lubiU horg i«t«iit«d uni»ual Ei«m jf 
nMifHtm^ty Ttifl HrllfBb gro^phw wh*^ iiivQtii-n» 
(lieAlbflnitjf ihUilUlrkt U Plokanj^and llw^flpl^^nr 
ill lufl llmi.' tirliitva booi it muill Iribcuf III^riujH, 
]i; tlic Hh m;<[ lOtli cititumv A, vtv itidudat in tba 
ersfXX Bulf^vTinn ki^i^Iom ijala^pliUioJ >ddiI] tJ tb* 
|)miiI]|»- ItLLt IE H-u nr»t tiJI Iho ysoi ]Ji;i> thftl tb* 
.\1hnnkkii4 Hih^h ti> njf i^n |in|H:irt*nt ;^Ml in hTsMrV, 
From tZili ptriod ilicy fivtuLH^I lti i^jiportuit ID' 
flutnecun IIb ^crfWluu wtu^ uf tluiriiuiifliUinrat hn\ 
in ItffiS titay vrore JaEcabcd fnr thp fimfi ^itxi Ini tho 
'|\jih« mil] agiBb sa ll'fi- -Uidr Uat vtnifnr^B vltfn 
A. Ittimin* b iimviditp ol lli* Turklab riaiuVTiJoiifti *ljll 
mamtiJnin^ h^viwvf. n rvrtoln drf;r« of ttubhom 
Jiidiipcndrjjis:, wtildj tba I'uKc bM blULLnL^r fvilliil it 
uiL|JUHililc Uf uv«jauun. 

Al-UANO,' a ti>Aii nf Italr. nhoiit IT' n'iEm FlS, 
fi-nm lirFiran It bu nhunC rjU^O inha1atant«, *iiii !< 
tbt <mC ot n tiiiibnprLi>. i'bou^i * pui'ir ir^d <l'irty 
jilivt'. lliDr«< AFT iiiiny fiiu^ vilW iFk rl (ir on^itTirl it. 
yhiTo iro ulniujvu vijitiyttnU in tlw nuiyUbuiirbuijtt, 
liELhlu^Lny rxnlluiib n>I uid whito witia It »»«■ ito 
di'ifiin tu Uic TiLIu buiLt by (.'butiikf, rnrnjicy, ai^d 
<>l}ic<» of t]iK olit Uoiuun inibilily. Tlburiifi 4iM Do- 
iTillIkU Lniiutrvil in tLiip lolnu^ at X- their hfA^tlU 
firr pli'-uiim Hrni tot rruUly. Tbd pliant rmiJJ-Tk^lfle 
iTiiiitiEiA loni llion i>f lbs umpraiUiffiitru «! I>4>iultijLiL 
Tlni iflTMiii A, fctiJI ^liirif* LJi iv* (fSiI iHiJi>wu, Or 
ihoBuntinJt nj M^uTit A- {T^tin. Mom Alha»•^tt^ 9Uti>^ 
UiD <vlobrMvif ItHDjtld nf Jupiter i^liaClj. Siiilt by 
l'EU<]uLti ttio FitxiJ; lUPiudr&bJfl in iCiMinin hiat<uy u 
l^H' K!itirt of th« Frri'F f4it,fitr, tliw Nu|«rir «n>ini- 
Ikllmtir tJifl 47 dliut fcmiiNj; llar« ].Atin OniiftHlitatlciII, 
Tlio vifw frcon llie j>r«ik intnily ;lO"l>f;. Liulxj Ij dk' 
4i«4lliyl/ bututifiil- Tbv luke of A- io a wunJor of 
tjDturq tud ajU'Epnl Art, JJuiin^ Um vu uF lliv 
KuEijuu with V#u, 3!>& B.C.* thin Uk* ii •lii! to hft*a 
ni-»'Ei 111 H lii»t KtEirimpr, without any vixibin niiiHit, 1<] 
no LiDuiunl bdfhL, Etrumu BWtluikyi^ni r^rvod tliw 
ic'puit iIjM lbi« ftttr ^r Vvtl dppDUiJcd *m lb« Jra*hij£ 
olJ i>r llik y/oAf^ , and tlic IttiTuauB. ooullnDOd In UiU 
]<UIvf 1j^ a LVIfjiio vntliT, i!<rD4truate^ a rtmaik^kpU 
diimi-] nr runnfrrrifju fnr 1.Mii purpi^u, find arc taid 
In hhVp pJni-i) prtwuqvitiq nf lltn ti>«» by iriRU4ii tA a 
■linllar work, iW tuniivl js cut miatl^ tbtiFii^b K<li>i 
mik at a^cfthtif tiEOffct, It* k»E^b i> fiUv Ij 

riillat. [(« tfLuli cvpryvhvn »t U<ut I f<f»tj luid ll« 
ckl>th Er^m 74 lu 10. ^L^buhr tbknki that tiin Hi- 
iniritilii work Wu an o-nr^uuil lAboiiFuf all Ijitlmn; 
iir, H \v\i'^\\^ rnrllcitlArlv !■> Rtk]»f» luinb lii-' rrfiTTcd 
t» tin: o^v of Uiir k.i>^p^, 'Hiiti] ih nA.rcJlLjit bwUiliD£- 
al»iir Ti4:rc. It la of « ilvk ^ar oaliiur, uiil U «3i»' 
\nt?d ill loFvu quaiilltJM. ll \b nf Iwik kludt; tlttf onu 
df ^vbi^^b it oolud l^gyf^onf. thu otlirr fV;irrtf<o. 

Ai-HAsr: onaof llu Jitfl*luDn i*f iho rae* CoJ^ioy, 
Ih-twr^n BathunV Pvlillt. VlctaTta Koal, Fi^rt Buau- 
fiirl, Bedford, 9i>]n9(wt Kuit, nni[ AlvmnlrU. Tbo 
iljiujtlc 1« huLlthy. aoil tbo ••urfncie irf Ibu coimt'^ 
■l^noably dkenltJtd. 11i« Inwr half la UattulUd 





i 



iiUKY.AUATftoea. 



n|j^cr kijr u bclXcF ■■uIlhI t"x iihi^-fj-rtiMriEi;;. Tiiut^r 
fatdaiLful, uid tuAi]> UuJi 'if f-iuiLi ctpubdaikt. 
yfutat, htthrjf inudf^ and L>bto Arc fCvuti, axui wu^l 
1« «act««av«]jr daEportfd; m^UI, Qraluai'i Town- 

ALHJjrr. or Aluxj. Oiumto* or, lMru?«a J^qih 
Ibrift <^Bnlliio, w Abi|ilB, l»m tn i'AS^ nHuln of 
livkilrdcuinj[iicinM0f dlalbRV-(M«ni, whudl«! 
In lUir iftkOwC ui IT7-I U» KiiietJA]! prd^mlcr, 
PriikM vhirlTf BtiufL Mujt tlitu cnamA^-c aHq hivt 
^ tUa «f Cnuirt«H of A. Haf marrlAfft *rv %m- 
truAtvl AAd uDluppj. To MOi^ f mm (ha baHtvtiy 
<ir Ivr iLdtliBfbl BU ntLpfld, In ITl^p to & diklaur. 
After hill dcatli &d 1 7AJi Itin Ftincfe vatai vtaland 
«a luf wi Hvdij ol 40.000 UvfVA Qha turvirol Uic 
k»u» ol fitvrt, whvAi b«ouiw haIbvI *A Um it«at^ 
«l htt hrflLariD U<r, tU Ou^Uul of Vorli, in 1807. 
(BmAVmM.] %ibi<lWlfttVkMri«^l>fr iHUftI plK.^ 
<rf nAUoM, Jul ^, l&rf«. in bv T3I tbat, HfF 
UBwaw) sir inkf<]tt(iii>« hAvrW"! inAMnituil to 
pOfMritt b Kb* vorki Mid llie witnliiHit^iiliy nf 
1^ iMlupotl AUtri, Mvbciia ihf hm lo^vM^^ly 
■Wnlnl Tw itmaia |w«t oallnl hof fri'O ifonna, 
lAd canlwiwd IhM to Iw b* omr! hd LiispLA(l«i. 
WkhMl Ik* MofldDn nf tha CoimlMi of A. ti* loa 
1^ Ito b* Bintr ULOuld \at< wihirwd mjthioc 
«hd1I«iiU: "atiuo latHtUa unn a»\ti rt-t! /Uttr Hmtin 
£ AfltfAd." lit* cllielcb vf hi» fink tuniifi^ «rilt] ihr 
Willii^ niWia f^aAJiflninn < ^t/^u #<^rnir*» oa liu 
ollk bv, U loll of wRtjnuiil mntl tfunujiHi fiutUy^ 

mv lude* n mmLnon maDuiHDl In lis diurch ol 
Swbi Or««L At FWrnoa, U^wooi Ibv buubt of Us- 
AUpdU «a7 lilnhftol AwU. 

AlAOCT, OP ALKUn, ttwodfbul Coltifl UBW for 
Sfnttimi, l&ttnlj natrialMl to ifcv naimtdinoiB ngien, 
■fcUj a— pchlfig ihftdbCfioucf Clpanfrto, itt AiSytt- 
iUf«: A4bJ w^ UroftiUlbw^ la PortbiOUn; aEki » 
pwt of l^ddiabfli^ bi laramtiH-thin. It uiucut]^ 
nvc 1^ title af diiho to » priiico of tin bUod-raiFU 

AUutfV.fhraiyil iKq L'lilUd SUioi, r*j<lUl<>r tim 
ikiM fltf ^'cw YiiiFk. iituiLffJ utt l\w wnt Ftank at ttif> 
UikImei. la^ mitRi N-rif liiacUy ol Ndw York: puf^ 
bIW, «i.3dr. iais;(>, Ca,4^^ Aa«njU-jivif 
iW bud of la6i-vaUw. on on* c^ tb^ ftMrt JlTrn 
in Uw ttarU; «biob it unvi^aU* m fv v ib* «tf for 
■iMpB n1 W bm: ui4 ainpt »bHi the ri'w b ol)- 
■inolal bv Iv, ib^n-lnACa pim diUy bttvMn tbli 
1^ A^ O* sily of Ka« VoriL TW &b ud 

kbgnl oifbl odlM aortb vf tba caty, ud tbvtr uaiUJ 
«hMMlla «e>«n«4«l ■! A. with ■ Ih^ twin, vbiob 
0WW1 ft aaifaM of 3fl lAia on tb« v«t iMt of th* 
rfnr. llicM«lv)haUBM,b3«ibBrv4Uil[rLMfif ait- 
vMiflanr]au«diiHelS(m«,nmiW Ar4ii*nl tba^ivliaib 
Aonwf^rfMwmLli" 1^nii-*^L^ut4^ lliodlviMr** 
Sft>B«iS*nriTi>ln<U>lib Niv Y->fi,aiid feWtrhb 
BnMi, rUUaidp^uJollurtJMM. [tbaewl 
mMt for Uiubw-— A- *■« aotlltd by (htt Dvteb thmi 
^mytuHl4,anAH.nn^ tAJunMtowTi In Vlrflln^, 
lU gldM lamn la ihi Cidlal Subv. 11* riU on 
■M^ H b UIU U v«T oiKnf^ «o4 ll VM fdEbuJlr 
U4 out triA fillb nfiud to olcftMA Tb< <U« 
)»«■ «f« in «b« Dulc& Btjl*, Willi iba EiiaD «u!i to 
tta Ma^; bit lAldB lli* pr— at ivntn^ iha tTity 
kai bMQ iijiwlti iBtrovtd, ml it nrrw ir^miaits tuAny 
iinri|i^Mdol«tf>luUiUbci. TbarftadiBl 
|BMUa MUflai Mv l&a CHbd cr MaM-bow*, » Ihb* 
Mnm m> «! wkm$k llv All«ay Ac«dc«iy, * nwdcHU 
Md^i^ tilUH*, lb* *tola-ball fotf in* paUCe ottnm, 
■ .fmil> ud huinnpoua r*tip«u ediBeai, fhm 
(4 «4fah U Iha Cubaiiivl «f tbi rMMvulito 



AtuTKHi IMmJm, M; ft gtbM <4 ««Vt»okiJ 



lou^ LLll. wiilclk b lulurvrl, r"t>UBl< lllLdL tlAfi^fil* 
&■! Ul^ciallv ujiuijr^sHiLl. UrtiimBtiii^ laftldiXBbuqk, 
>fr|iv^ijllj mticuuU'l tlmrfritb- Ttie iippvr u*^ 
cliblo vlkUnlly Aoavo'l, ililc] tha iLrot. IvbutoJOM' 
tnJa AH ntuatod tn thHe^viviv; thp- lixrr-r mudibl* 
ii Uurtfntcit. The Vv4 nrf< 1 ri7 t^^nc?, and iLmuvhhMl 
vlib Ofi suCin Oivrubimic, tEm tAU^nil ton uv cxUr- 
iiully ed(«l Ipi ft narrow mcail^nai'- Thou U fii> 
hiEid Id* or dau; I&o juUi ^n: nliorb »nd Miiiit lift 
bul i* nuhdod, and onmpotul of fi:»iirtcinu f<athtn» 
'I'Jir .\, ino«t ^f*rii«mltv knmm t« th<i lUnrtir^ni mt'Onf 
of nolanJFiU. xy\f/tiffnlr Mr^^ mau-fZ-MMf Ai'mL aail 
(U^ aArr/y -pf uHurt- It !■ [Jic luvnt nf [iuHd* 
Unla, aa Jl* wini^ fljBh dtbtiiHlcrl aivuqiv ii-in Ben 
ta Ivrvlvs f»t frgm tip to tip. llx«« Lon^ ^nir> w 
Taiy nvnM-; but iba A, bcla^ astfatihaJy ilion;, U 
a1i|» to Hy wrtb «aa» orar ■ tul apikc*. K»p< 
duiUip Ufh vin-U, wlicn St UMndi !■> tb* lupfniir 
K^iujj* iii Uki ur, iIhj a, uLU ifttitlj- »<rr th" aiiifuv 
(J tlin Labiht, Hsinu Aitd laaLliiK ia CbodIuI laiduW 
tion, and itlKbig wLib aHJlty awy laaklsH crcaton 
Ihiyi appnftobfft iLo <arfik«. I'unvUu lla ftoy In 
Ihii uuniur It nrf4 iU flight hr fTRn 1hb4, wm hf 
orcMlmully lilgblLnfE ii|vin vtwmU d*aiiTM th^ ift- 
(opnioMKi yaym^ Into ui idn that ibv *h«n 
«Bnnoi W vary dMant- At nlclil tUs UnJ mttLe* 
dovn up«A(baifiaVQ«,BiLdtL*tfviT^tdv uu^jil bn^rr 
agala oObBunila a nnovLl of tIj ctturin- — 71>a A- 
mtgTll ba M»iPia| am a pArftvt qnl-b^iu of olaltony, 
an it Ea MVoitly ihihITiI* h» tlpBcriplimi to an Jrntif* 
to iu mxffiEtii Ynrvity. WbanaTcr food b abnn' 
ftftut it Koivn ^ *wJi a dri;Tt« a* to t-^t* nie uual^dt 
cilhop to fly or e«baj fiviuab&ly b| ia aMB in iKa 
■to£«. HUh alUti f<inlyvAnlWedanfI uaftiy haogiii^ 
from it* rikiujdi 'Urn ^II* tUeii alltiok and i^onr il 
ootU itdintt-^cjfa ila prrT, niwnwhi^'h tlH?y nrfl iw^y 
to hEev. \V]j0n twijjhb liy liaud ii utaloi Tlidcat 
■kumica wjlb it* kIii[^, anU. >trikE> viUi ita baak, 
Fu^ "Pftvaj fvIhllDAbt mcilaaea, und otlm *ma& 
manfw uiinulB onsatibiU ita ftrdiuty f^od. 71j4af 
nth aM alaa pftwalarly npawl to tUa dwoBMp. 
wtine aiaUGnaift of *1ag U kr aiiMrtdr la Ibaiv. 
lilt; vfil» uf tbo A- la a luml. ttinntrfhht ny. 
KiibvnbM trvnuLbiii; thti i<f a paliani II Iim iJh 
Ikch ccinpafvl t^ Iha bta^^n^ it au aaik— Tviudt 
tlv tnkfi'il* *>i .liitio Tvt nTiuiWr* nf tkoaa %Mm €hI( 
I'lvnnlt thp rvtutnf karr^N tinlka, tlitNaaflf Okbotak; 
UtDiiioT«4«f thaKurlU ftUiifti kr\i\ Bahring'i STnJai 
Thtj arriva dvro aU(v«DiJ:f Il.lei & ahort tune |v» 
osdinf ih* flab vliidi a-tiii viiiu,>Jly trp vpmtn id ihw 
tnab mirr cf ikt ritvrij bit i«nn *ft«r (Itt Uf4f 
>i*«E«a« v^ tat bwu iIlh atnadum nl A»d. Hay 
b«gla to ivllf* frvm tboa aaaia aboal lb* ami H 
JiSy, uhI by iha If^ of Angwl ib« »hi»1« hir* 
daaupcarvd- thinu^ tlinriiijouinthaKaaibdiadilaa 
caft^ tiuiutHiH of l}iLiu» E>r Ipditini; bwibt vrtlb flih. 
or I7 kiLicbiii|,- than] rrn tli« b«a4 wbm oVtffjgCT ^t J- 
Tbay B» Br>t ta^an fm Uinr 6rtb. wLieJi U «aa>a*, 
fwiJi. and dbvulln^'i bin Uwlf lu^. ItoUiv* viiif- 
bavift fumtUl (b« TUUirv vtA wtontfalol In^ 
nwiU vtbtk nrtahi pvta vf ibilr iDtaHna ai* 
Loflatad wid oBplDyadaalbaliCarflditaj^tia^— AboM 
tba nbldla «f BapWcatxr dvy laA d» acutUr* 
tbomo1ABD«babrtb«pai7Aaa«f baadta iWt* 
iboy bvlU BBBiaDf aaithlvo faiilDt- pwrc tngb. aid 
lay bsniBrvcia «(£■• *>tdeh an lamr than tb(«v< <f a 
(ooaa, Mnyalnil fnnrinda balfbiri— Inftj^ | afti t 
aUy ttlittw oic<fit tf*Hda lb* Imvv sitan%, iiteo 
ihirr ai* apiikfad tHib hUdL Tbv «» aio vAlv; 
abd It II itaiad W tboaa tib« hav> tmd lObm tbM 
iba ahlKi fa BO^ Inland Utd hj bdliiv. Wb^ 
tba fnuJa nia Bpoft da tma tb* mala ti India 



liMrkntily 

ffDipI(7Ti| as anptljlDir bar vhb l^ki 7\l«miu to 
U ifto* ■paaJaily aa 1— fj, u Uaub* ar* a w liAlly 



ALBEMaOUE 30^'I>-AhBEBT 1. 



S3 



i.on tlw WAloh t.r nn tirpMtnliStJ <if pnunfi^ni: upon 

Boon w tiho A- ftnaXiy nXr[n^u\tht* ibo tat It la xnkaa 
pMBHSHi uF In a t|mdo cjf pcii^nuu.^-llji.' njiumuu 
JL {Dmattd'a tj^hma) !■ fivm llim to fuuc fmL Icibjr. 
> gnjkh-broim <ir whiliih o^lnur, vtlh IbiH of 

tlu body uid mmp mv vMte; ilie flUd of tha Uil 

d ft (Trat pvt of tliA wiMEi Ana bUck. Tb« ihAfta 
Ibfl rjuHJ* *rr )r«U[fw. Thir Icdt Icm. nml mob 
'SMBbmnABnofand^Uh-Hrmrji colour; ifaabdakiH 

dilbr mLi«h fnm t^ liliitk Th* a. moulU 

ffifda lavB bcwii nlMNUbicL by DBliinilikUg 

blncli ^i1 ynJlmr U«ki>i A » -if (1» iIm vf « dotuntb 
P.^ftidifm, d*Fk bnxi^Diff uhMolirto-foloimd 

y «T qii&EfCT A-. iinflllflr thui iliu f^furncin A-^ 
III Unl iKiuatloiniiEiinilv fniiDil within iha trof^n, 
•Inul tho rnjw i)f OwU Hopd, Uiii uvrni amid Ui4 
nv of tha lUHtnl hi*. l\ b mDctlmas ihouuli 
fudf, HWi <in tbt «wti of tlw middle tUlai jjr Iba 

iiilitlfo bi ttiB uh mbU oF Ihsni I7 thii KaanMliDi- 
1T« kixiw iif no rmnninlc |niqioM fitr vUoh 
■n •oplond. PnwEU.r tb^li Ur^e qvUb iaJt;ht 
toad VBoNu if obtAlfif] iu vglflciijiit luimbcn- — 
n* iBfORMH tti tlw A. Lii tlH voimomv af lUAura 
naj bt rwdil; (4ll<Ki«1 irom nldft va bftv* kUted 
nailln to lu f^ial, uvl ihn tvli itefit of miKus 
vffr nUcih 11 iiui pTDtfidt Iu Ali^ It Mrva ni oao 
ft> &ua>tf4Ui mtnhien of lb« AiporkbLuiIiuiLp 
of Mdnul llfd, ftiui In il* turn S^-uuiiLU lUd 
of ^TMlVrtB MrunyflT or Uiun «iku^iilmirj' tfuu 

fill mifimj, Ofiil bMiU it whil^ ail frhn winjf, riT>1i] tKa 
dfctEDrBEB IU fa(N.I. nhlch thti <itZie!r Immedbucly 

* VLcttfq to tli<T ruvciinuH (im>cijtp« of iM 

■drPDiuT- Tliiii liur™ biH !■ aommonlj tiiHoil thu 

akia-^}; bqt it ia ini|>ropArfv Utmid tpdJ, hfin;; 

kWi* dmrl/ nlUM in tt\r pi.-m-!i And A. tit ^pf&T' 

I0t: fjL haJtlU it lm> xniEc Mialub^ ^lUi lite ta^u 

Xea Uia A, is alUi'Li^ Uv q Hiick of ^uUh ot utlwr 

lb wIuId on ilx win;;- it \i>v tiD otbor reuurco but 

hi td •ojd'-iily Elr-^]>[im^ upon t\ia wnt»r, Uudn- 

gvviUUiUBfVi, howvvnr, tilt o«v«jdl«t of thit 

bM1«*iiTikl u :iJi Torvlnnt Blutbin^. 

AltiesailLE Suu*(u; lu M'A <■! Uid h-4 on tlm 

«feii(iA«t of X.f'oroUnii- It ritir:uil» mt4] Ujn E»uiitr/ 

i^^dOy Kuk:^ uid i> from fnur t.« h\Uxii wid«^ IC ua} 

— Md—J u on ifliuary i^f tTia TtriMioko uid 

m ntfTi. ll rvpminiinlr4l/« wltli tita Attuiti*-' 

U]il Kvallm -Vmn^i by ttriAll hilel*, niiif v1(>a 

ipciJtn Bav Ly » dvittl cut thnxivTi DiKmol 

Tlie Ba^i^ltOB <in tliia pwL nf t^^ ohimt in 

C^ HHllt'mi in r<artl<>ti1nr having 

TiAine fnt ik« nurabDr ^f nJiij* Ihnt 

lrt*n wtwlCMf on It 

Kim '^ EHnHH' wiv tlin iiOEt uF a ^nrdtbifr. Hv waii 
ftiva ia 1m at FirniHu^lM, n tUIx^ ^if r»rnuh, Mil 
^«dal>4 for tiM cbnrfrk. ITii lint offioo vm that of 
Ml tiagar in lb* oukcdnkl of Fiiumiu. Puv^wd 
«f vftfuwunna ulenU Ut toon IrHnrna oanitB^ di»p- 
Uia« kiul fiVMirft* flf Hut rniiiit Honrnviuri^ vid 
Bfabcp vf ^, Donnin, Jhti Dnhc oT I'lijitj4 «>□', hlia 
^ tkjr m^ni^IrT Eo Ma-IiIiI* whoJV hp a^Arikf^l lliu *ir?c- 
linn *>f Hi^ljp V, lla rutv by I'liiinLu); tuvi ijjlil|;iia 
(d t^Q *t«ili<'n <^ prime jiiinirL«rj Iji'tiLuiu ■ cardmuJH 
vva AU-fn^rrful in Sjaiin jfurr ilio r^'ar J7ilK und 
< — U w rncifd In rvntniM U tn iu fiu-\-T)t, K^lrnAitut 
Hd luf dtiDcd bbuB», auAtffii a uaval fur^ aixuUuJ 



h*T^ 



tliv f$]i*.iiah tifmj oa Ulv mbdal ef din FimiHk, uul 
imdviyd thn kta^om vi Kptkin nm^ pivfrfnl Uun 
lttiAlbr«ll£n«t|iaiIiQCerf PhUtp II. lib fa^ourlDr- 
prvjcct ¥fiL»,lliv reatunLtlfrii lo ^lulu of tJivciu|niv 
FulijJ ^r_t rliulsv V. ftbd Pliilip 11,^ uid hit bcfu 
vri-Ji A^rdinuKiLd ^i^- Kvnn wkfU iha I>ukfof 
<VWnt, ttv*bt df FTKitre. rTih'irinivil t^n- TtparLiati 
k1bvi»ioformftninn«rtU^ nnih l^it^ltnd. tlK jinod 
pRbta did not Alter Idi mean; eii Uw C!Dntmr<r> h« 
duvH g(F ht* diliI, feU^ukixl Ike ainpuur, »iji! tc^vk 
t^udtaia nod flicilj. AfUr thn ^uiaiih (?«t wu 
dcflrnW fay tli« niiglUiin tbo Mi^Liit<tmn<An. h« 
•Tit«<rwTiffd tbeidc4 ffl ttLirirg upo ^noroJ vm In 
Kiirnpe; of fonitlfl^ ui ■Ili&iLci-ldrthiapurpoH w^ 
Ftur iJiD rJrfst nrid Chutki XII.; ol inrnkEjif 
Auttrta in n nur wjlh Turkiy. fiuiiiinig ui lucunt^ 
Elm ia HunewjitTjd tMitim: ihf r>vW itf OrlcAot tn 
bo«mtt«d by o cniuit f«-?rf<''n. F>it ibvi^Dme w*o 
'lki?o*4f*d- Tlio duV'n in ponnopLJOn vjth Eti^'adtI, 
dedunl >rarfe^iuit.t4Eifej|i,ud«iplBlTi0t Id % xnuA- 
ffiitD ibn iali^L-inB nf tJ» ItAlian nrdbiHl. A FnoEb 
vmj Jnvadad 3i«In, ud altkuufili Albnon «bdc*' 
Tontfd to <jftppl« tho power of Pfwii^ kj fnmmdojr 
iiBtoibdncn nilhia lliat VlDgdom, tho f^pudab mofl- 

omJinil. Htf rv(X<LV(idp Drox l7'-i*» tt^bn^ t'^ f^nit 
Uadiid wilJilu tntJjly-ftuE bijurr^ auil lb<i kln^^iim 

witJliD lite dftJB. Uc IWU HUM C*«[>L'flC'l lu ill? ^ <U- 

goancu »l lb» M*vr» oT EurcfA, l^ »ll «( vhum ho 
Mva hnlfd, hud mv tic ffounlry uKmu Jici f^uM iibltli'. 
Ho Hid ii"i eVFii rlnm »ji gn In If-itTn-, Imriiun he Ixdd 
dtteircd tho pcjic. Clement Xf ., In onler tn i>btaln 
ihv iiuik uf tiuiiiiLaL %Vliili; cii^uiu^ tUc P^irurrfl 
UiAtAiTiAC^ ^" AitvJvtd, flDc of liU fcrvuifl kilTtd, 
lUid bv hiraaoH ollig^ to dvtiDuo Iuh JtHnmoy 011 
font knd in iliiigiiiin. H* windviwl n^j'iul A lan^ 
tifno mtdcr ful** dlicp*. Ha wi* imvutti-l in th* 
tfTdtory of CiepajL til iht rcquctt of Lho pop? uid 
ikes Kiuf of <^p(uii : l^o GciuitAc. Luwtvcr. Hri^D d'a- 
rnitami hin. Ill* d<.Kth of CUm^nt put Ui tnd to 
thi4 priniiiiDtiim, lUihl hu *it««*u^ Ibnooenl XIIL, 
n^'vRnl bLio ia IT'^3 ti3hlt th« Hjznttani) hrinnim of 
AcnnUuBl. In 17(0 tiFi witb4fr«v t^^ riitf*iir^ nlicT^ 
be pA*"! Ibv KDiniiifli:r id hit life. Ua dial la 
lTf^_. »& ibu u^u cpf cLRbl^-wvLn yeiii^ 11a Inft 
Uhind hjm llie chuactr li n 1>o!il and VDnrntila 
iDtiipicr, nthvr lUivi. nF n grviil pnlitirtAiif fcllhomg^t 
lir ovrtAlnly fgivn puwortnl tfimpnmrj iTupulv* tit 
ihn ?4p±tii*h moriiLiTby. lutd nUblLthi?! miUiy rr^I^ 
i]ii\u vhlak vntv favoMrvAAii to lai^ B|pr]t-ultiirc» jtJtd 

ALlittftT I„ Duku of Aiielri*, awI jJbcm^ufJ* 
rmpcriT t>i Ctrin^tiy, wma h-'iti in ISI', •■^i» of 

liflfDnt I111 iI«HlU fttUmpturl In pUno thf tyvHwa no 
ilifi Lnui nf tun aan, uiit tbn DliKlcir^ liml uf hi* 
powor. Hid emfjoMtDcd by 1u< ova ud iafinuiiifiiw 

olor^ioD e( a iaas of tke RoTnuw [Uvt **■ ibo till* 

iif tho dvdgnattfd miootaoF of th« Pivpcmf) Aftf^ 
Uio ikralh of Rucldhih. A,, who Inbrrtltd mily tbr 
Lijililarr ipmlllJi-t 4if hipt fiitbrr, law kb bunlitiwr 
L«1>MlW4o^^ Aii-trid hiid ftl^TiH. mc up in nbcllioa 
4ei^t bin. Hq <]U(9)k?d ^y fr»nv ihii raT«It which 
hb k*arl«* utd h^cHIv hiti tKntj-d ^ but wiita^ 
inenrijvd hi* prMim^ption. Jlo niilfd v^ nii>ivd 
RnEL-»!p!] in uJ] bb dlvnttl*^ and witbaut waiting for 
titv doilAJm of tb* %«t idcul UiB iiiHigida d! Ibe 
cuiplic, TkU Ht of iln1i>n» indii««d tho olwtcoa 
Iti choote AddfpbD* of Nnstau (*iiipvfor. tho dW 
turb&nnfe wbiuii huA Ltvikoa oiil ■ninil btv In 
rtwilnorUnrl, aTid a JiwMfl ivbidi d*pnv«| hiAi of » 
'Jr. iTtiidn liiin ninrn bKrnhlp- HAdflivanut up tba 
toaffoia, and tuuk tkv wtli uf idlFgiaiua t« iLv 0«« 



fl 



Bi 



ALBERT !-^ALlU:ilT (PIUKCH), 



A- »D'lHtTi4rrv«l U> nviul KimtrlF nf tliU nJiMigt nf 
fcttlLiig, 4ii<l tDDOi&lrtl ■» Ut. Ii>' ubiuiuflI mildacH^iu 
tiiHtitliijE llie prtJitY* tJul llifv uUvk luiu tuiffvicir. 
*ft«i|ip(WJnu Aclkjl|ihiM kl l^t ijjct iji ^2^9. Adul- 

fttid 6>rc» vv ioiiihl niiwwkry In n«ijinvd bim 'I'fiA 
iLvikU TD'l^ vltK th'lr Hmd"*, riKv lf*ILhpiin. Ipvqvmi 

tailliiAl nlR*L bifuQvm hJui willt libiutviilt\ only, 
Tbff Ifiklaa «ii|M«d bftciit M haiul, A&<1 AdalfiDuti::^ 
^l»imt^ ta bniMwnaay. "l^u thill lofval ^n-x 
thy afxvb hml lif*" "H*«vvr wiM d*oidd," wu 
Ihv uuivtr <if A. ttrikkae him wUh hi" Imi^o In Ihr 
biH. Ailulpbu Cdl froDk hit hon*^ aucI wab <]w 
pBl^ticiL I7 llio aiu|«lBglit uf bia jhnUfruLU't 'tins 
U4I l4rriM Hihd fallea ^lw*«q ,V, imJ ibo BupKUif: 
fioViri btfllifl V14 DiPiihE'iriiia of ItAviitif nuvv ui umk^t 
luiiitv of dUpliiyiiL(; bia mo^iHiiMnity. H« tnhm' 
uuilf Hvk^H il» cfown MnfefTKl cia him by Ebo 
lui dwt)inb *n<I *> b^ h*ft ■iitldpMol. vu r^- 
■IfCfa^t. iIj*iijTuiifeliiDiifuQk^lwM AU'U-C'(iii|jalb. 
hi Ai^. \w!>*-. uid La bfld ui* fijvt iJich al Nurcm' 
licr^, v(ith tba iiliiL»t «|il*rLiicHir ILit h nnw iloriti 
WM fttbrrln^ ^t^rr liim. I^hn p'^, Kin*f(LLi4 \' 1 1 1 ^ 
■Iniiorl tl,(" riji^ht of ihn* tli^iir* t> <ll«]jrwh nf thr 
LujwhaJ ilxj;uJIi>. iluuLtrhi;; hicuii:!! thv reU tutiwhir, 
3di(i l^litnnta kuj£ of tliv KciiUAiii, Ilo *«unliuuli 
vuiakwiHd A, btfilv him, b> n^k f«m]i>n, utd submit 
10 Mldt pSLBUM M ha ihi'oii tlliTinU ; ht fnrbvJo Ulv 
priiifc* in ftoklHlAlvd^ hjin, vi-l r^l'wu'l th4>iii ff^krn 
Ihiiir ti%th Jf iril*jl»n»- Tbo Arohl^hop uf Sleiiii 
Irum JA fnvuU Liimuiv Ihv euauiv vl p\-, ami jujia-^ii 
(h« bwtvof tlic iHil"*- ''■■ llw ^diw tinuJ) ^V^fuTiianJ 
U luitiH* vitli I'liilJp U Bf I ni Fmnon, •nrLirvl tlic 
ftfutfkljly nT Sfei'iriv vul lEruuttubviv, >HrLrJ hy ik 
MddDU inrujjtKdi iht/^ tlLi> rlttioT^Ui ol Mi-uli tiri^rl 
iIm Ktihh»^cip ii4>l /i»ly ifi TiD]i<»in« Ijii ilJUim- 
«llh Ibo x^\tr, hut to fcrtn v«w with him ffir ilns At* 
riwui^ fidTt. DiBTiiA^rvd by chit rvipjii ciww^ 
ituaifK< <:uicrtid Ink* iucviIMk^d* viih A-, Ui wIulL 
Hid laLlurA^iri dlrtwd Untui^Mly of bin «|Litnr.-la 
Hfr brokii Lia kUmAfv *ith flnlip, uhnawlalfwl thkl 
Ibv w»ri«ini finitirft *xi a jfrmni rnni Ui* pop** ED 
^«mprKirv« tlutttiu ulnti^n ildhTvd thoirrrchi of 

^itttmA viOi uiiu the n^hti of Hitt fofn, vtbonvwr 
bo AhouU iS<ia4&U II, a^Dil uiy unv^ Aa k rawivJ, 
BviLfut ffimmaaublvM Philip. priKUjmitl him ta 
h4Vd fnifiiUil M> mim« uni] far* thf kLnifrlnnt rtf 
TVbmjc lo A. lUUp. havvfi, ohttllir*] ttic I'ljv 
A- TH ctuwCiJ In uoBVCC^iarjl wan irilii UuUruiJ, 
ZcftlukJ. Pn«iUn<ip UuuicKy. H'lhaiuU. ftaJ Th^ria- 

eWhU* pnuTiii^ I'j rcvtugu t dwfvvC wbtOih b« 
■iitbrvfl in Tliunnjfi^ ht fWHVta) tb* n'Ut nf 
AaiwoUof tbff Swbi*, ud mn UuhII fibtitpi^l tn 
4b«*lhJ«fnrc»thlthi*r. TbvnYtdt ol I'DtvfHftlODii. 
BcfcvdU, ku]Cbl.*|bto1uMi4^ut J*a.l, 1308. A. 
hid OrA udly fuRwca ihi* 9iaw[ucBtQv g( hh opprt*- 
o— I, hdt i5«idr*4 it. in i^^ilar la Kivo t, farrtaiov l<rr 
■Otiiwlaiiff SvltAvlaiLiI «iilir»]y Cvi ltinL«><ir A n«u 
Mtg( Ii^IdRIm. batpctw. putwi tnil to tar uaUtimi 
ud UTa ftu^ ■■• \in jDheriUuiLv i«f JuUn. i1jv 
«<u vf hk jumnvr hrtthu U^uloZiik John IljmI 
VVpMiM>d|y jhhtWI favrifbt toh, but m vvn. Whob 
A. Ht onl Enr SiriWrtuid Jchn rrn«<HPLi Li* dBiiund, 
*hMi «■« «iAtMi|iti>oatly rT>wi«d by A., who 
m#riBly oirkfvt Um & pvltM nl Amn. ^yJng. 
~TU« l«oiibis*oiirafl*; Imtv Ibv c«n«<d fDfvm- 
oKfil It HID " John, la nrf«c*> ai>«pir*il *i>h hu 
V«*in«r. W.ll«r nf KnlmilMh, uA Ihm fncvuU 
^pdfiM |S# hft of A. Hvi iviiwpmtcni t»k MlVAii' 

Xnf tibv luainifnt irb«i] thn fnipvmr. on hb way la 
Dtfil^ks, WM wpi—tol rnm hli tn^ I7 Uu 



Tiifir Radm vtiJ CMvunntvJ hJai- A. brcifrtliffd bui 
JmI. Maj I, t^lii, m l^Mt nrmn <^ « pour wniMi «ho 
uikk «iltiii{: nn thn Tn*i\. Hf> w k rrfinfi tv^iflf'*^ 
of iH);|jt jtud ptvilly. tyniuiJaiL aiArKlQiiii. iiiiihit1au>» 
b»d jhbla, liuw UfucUj '\4;ul-i. ^ui^du nf IIujihiltt, 
weiti^'at her imtlmit daibli ttUL be tvhktvJ unJet 

ALitrcT TiTK ir;RKJT, AT Anufitrr-H Mli:vi<«, 

r>iimt nf tLitLliUrlt. IUthr»|i of lUlJhlvpn. a ilUhii< 
tfuitbol hiholu or tbi* I30i century. Ui- ii%u tirini 

[Jl IIM, IM' OLVUrJiltU (uvJliU' ftuLhuMirai 111 l?Oft, AL 

r>duii, a^id in i'i^'2 Ixt^utu * monk i^f Lhn J]oininir<ui 
onli^r. tviflnii^fin the ■rlirolitnf lliMfal^iim^ lOiti^ioq^ 
nml <'i>b>^o. wlirrr ChoftllfrAnnla C4ln)inili*il Tlimuu 
Ai[iiliiiH becuiio hiJ \iii\iii. In VH'J W m:]it bj 
I'^riSi BiJiJ ^iLiljlicly cj^kpuihIi^J 11h' OiH-tnimt «f Atiii- 
LuUd. EiuLwiUvtuulitkf ttic |>Zu1]iUtiDti af tllD (biiirb. 
Hu bnUEnv t<v:tf<r uf ik* anlinol cif rri1ci[^A ;n ItfiL^; 
in IVM h^ bu mivli* (iMvinribt ^t Im nfitvr m I >or> 
in&ny ; tnA In iVfiU ho rmv-^vc^ from l^t[<l> Al^xpudri' 
IV, ttiB iLjJiiuui tiijviil uf JlUbup vt lli;i»km. Taii 
yvan Ulcr lie uliri-'U lo hin anirgnl *L 1'<»1l>lciic. in 
unl<r tntJuvQia ^nmHlf wholly to l]fce4iUTHnil*i:i(.ijtiti<i 
ptmiiiU, ami X}i\tf« h* cuiupPMal inHhy Vfrki, i«f4 
rinlly nilitlii(^]iEiin4<< m th" nrllcriyi nf Artati^lfo. 
Awims Ehi' vrlimm ctudJctl or UhitnUn\ by liTm 
wciD uiLhiimLiu, )fv^miL-Lry, Ti|itS(3, UiUtlcj ulnlriiry, 
DUfi ((itU<3iHHiJ J - llv fnll iiabci ilutia^t* '"lua UuiB 
fjjvvtDUB to hiB tJutth, «bjeh locJe plaoo in 1^0. A. 
\rui pntAbJy tb* voM Unmad ixumof ^iswi^fiiid 
nt rtrpimn 1!^ Tint f>VApa t.llf< tmniitAtiAiii nf Wing 
ukiflizAJ Alt* and trolbcklnif uhh uil- UtI! <>nr, !4l^ 
vm <lLiii(imtii>iliL^il ItirutiKiiiidiLf. mn! dtsdrtw tn lit 
h'Iatcf^I]1' nrnvbibcfDJ Trr hU pinvcmitthi aiLrUi 
tc'WjtfcU tbit ^hifufliorH oF Uthj^Ii^lL^, Thu Ktii^ludm 
wtt<i ftllncml liiin M lJi«r Pjulvr in opiriinn wtn 

A i.flKttT, PklMIt AllwHFrim'iiiAugiifctiifcrhfcTliia 
riiiiiiikiiui'lH Priiirii 111 f^ic-C'il'^ir^'-Utitbo* aiiij t^iLnnTt 
of V^i>?^<* Vii.(.'thA bit h:->iiniLi, »n« b<»iii ^b^^Lb Aujt^ 
1$U<, feuil nH ibc- Kix^ibij AL^ii «if Kni«b ]., LiiLraf 
Stthj-Ciibur^, ihnJ i>f hi* firvL w'lfa LvMik.'^ ualy 
clniigbtiT nf thd Ihikr of S&.x('-^^>IIlk, Ho r*f uivnl 
hit ntrly fthjiTUi^aEi it hrmd* iiihIi-t hit fuhrr'n r'yf> 
mirl Ln ]J?CL7 wh ■«»& a-buj: mjl^i hi* «klvr hn>t£iR 
Crvttt la ilia uiJ*T?nHtj uf Bouil. «Jici« h^dcvutol 
bhnvotf to lh< f r^vcr rtufiivt of political anJ hktural 
■dvBOa. liLhl^iry. filjiluMpLy. J^f^. b WolE fii lo ifavH 
ij nqaiiT uikJ (Bmtiii(; In iFiPk lilt^r pirrvuil^ imioHl, 
hr aUairLftl Ui bg DifWi prtficiirnry, ukI wrnml id 
liLt mutiod O0i^piMdtk>B UfCBiD* lavoumblr kai^ivii 
l-> liic publii?. uUtldMiuw ukJ w«4ibpluhH> bu liod 
uuJc a cviisLtlvrmble^ iuifiMviab <^ii hu Wimlli duriirj; 
b vuBt vLit-b hv pbui t<^ Kp)fliuhl iiL IS^; h*'vaii 
pmnil al atiil hIii^hI friramnr imifi af l4r tlm mm- 
Ti;iti<iik ni thix^unmj la t43li; anJ mi ibi> ":»! Ni>v. 

ul tlHMJItUTTW tho qUUPa IUhIi ItJl'kWII v^IIh' |<ii<T- 

(WiLdl 1it< initidliuia tif uiarrjiuj; tbv |jriiiiv. Tikc 
tUMTUftf wu tHildnlfii in thd I^Ui >'<h. J3I0, 
■hd ini>iw1 inrivary n>ip*ol «n&n«iUly hvppf. An 
AllnuHii^ nl X;iii,0(ia a mr Wan iHdfMl uun thr 
jiilim. who Hoi batunluRri bir ftvt of panuuumi. 
i^^ivnl tha Itlleof iCoyal HikUhv by potfol, vm 
uudq ft fioM tuki^ial. * Kli'uchL of lb? Outcf, t<i tbt 
Balli, ft^i. Otbtr 1ii>iLuun koh viibitiquriiOy Iwt«*v1 



tipon bim. thv cbu-f nf wtnE'h wm tbt LitLi' of Piiim 
Cannrt \.if^!>^}, which gavit htm th* nnfa nf Ajnias 
nf titt rnltAl XlDEiku, Ht dwayi cwiliffly A- 



■latiirl ffooi |>«^ poUtlo, Acouna uliJch UpMka 
tvudtiv4 nrmwary, but n-liich no doubt «A«» rntolrr^ 
UQcb Ud «n^ pndoicv: bat ha abvbt rwiwJ lo uiv 
■ c1*»p uk! vttf< infaTrti iij tha vtlftnv mm] aorlal 
advnmviiimL "f ihn |«v|tt« in £wml. Hla mrrkm 
%o lie uiBi li abfiiat ami an ivtfi fay linixittaiit ; 



AlJlRHr KYANZA— JlLBtWUfi. 



93 



lu Ulb Mtivitir- Icn^wl'^p, and iHiTpiiant- 

14, 114 1r liftBr t whnft itlniwi. u t.Ij' tnrW if^rtf 4:^. 
H« «■• biiM in St 4;iMiY*'« riikjHiL WiTnlvir 
■biDO* UtfVDSitiua ibcn Hftcr^^B M^uvcpd W tlie 
VMnakDm built ty lb? ijituit *1 FrEtltnoit, A 

vwadTPim w&v |iiiKi|uh«l in HAf, nni MirHhiir ww 
puMulirvl III T^rL:^ at the dHiTp 4if Jli>r MckjAity, 
Doilrr til* litltot 7',Af I'rlm^fol i^tfffiiri and Ad- 
dfVHttyf it.It.it. tkt t^rim-e Omtm-I^ » itli iiri hilnf 

AMittHt »AWE*, DT Lfr\ N'lmC, h ]ftk#» nf 

JilW iJUlii-^"!- ^hlv[ nr WhLl-- Xlli*>, Mn(> 'ii|i|irvti1- 
tfMlvJy] l>.-iwwiL Ial 3' fi'5. aciTl y >', uid iviLh kt 
Bmh'diM QtiJcmUj lb H^HJtit km. 28^ K. lU j^vueml 
'4il«u>ivp u Frhd norlh-uiA to •Diith-wa>t. ib* loij^b 
Abwi «00 milrt, Abd ita i;rg*Wfl bnwlth 100. It 
«v f!ji^»VF™i in Mbt. 1*1(1 by Sir Itljfn Mf.> S, W. 
&iA:fr. Thi* lak* l< ix vom ili^jiw««i/.ri. fur Ivlow thn 
fHifinJl<Tfi']<jMliL-viiirtU;y. ium'urtdf'il liy |irv<!ipit<iLu 

ptiht rviift* «f (ncnrUini^ It a^mi^Ja n'lth f.»h, 

pntvtLi It ivftlw t^LO Sur/inrvvt fl^'T fnmi th* 
VlBtniM Nyuu Ulu. 

iktmLuKAns (AlbifiK^ii): ■ ntiiu onmnciu U» 
HVi?rAl rllatiiKib rroL^ partM>ij|A.rlT (hv Cihtlimi am! 
\^'Aj'|i:n*«>, wUck AGi¥Wl in MppvuiDf (hf 4jtiniini'»it rif 

th* HTnp^rity flf primlliv* fhrirtlitiLny. "IVy^ [jml 
hiatitfrvl Ttryroueh lAvrhTil* iho dflun of tljc l:*Lli 
mjiar^ En (be Kubli (if Tmitv. «lKii]t Tinilifiiw mid 
Alhi» Mud *«» dcnoiiiLiiHlH^I tiv tbn cjrtinjKfuni Ar^ 
fatiiEi Ihc iJLiCnal Albictoli {Usrrilowy ipf Allii>, whrrw 
tbf uniT erf Uio oriHB, ulltd (orathcr by t*opc Inno 
«vi1 111 , hltu1i«i1 ihain En \2<^. Tb« M«iMin>itaou 
f4 tli*pJkpjU tirvntji vii\ iwi^ittiUiT. Pfitnrof Ciuit"!n)i-ii, 
■UbvccnnlvrJ in uttin'^^linc theit irctMriCT b llin 
ttfTifaiiy q^ the oiriii'i LUymond VI. of TduIliuh^ 
^MHioDcd tblt «>fei-, ^tii':)t iM iiapiiitvjit k4 the Htnl 
vAlcb Ifao Iftnuiali H:liLrr>-4i wn^'iri] n^iTirit 1|vn»fa'-< 

'^rfilbiD tiar tivn 'Lninrfii'iiin It ^'ju i^Hrrii'd nii uiHi 
ftdigyiH of i^iiiiliv •Ahu'ii fitvt xdH»i[i nhiulH dvetHhi 
JtoPM tdtivy. 1'hflr rral oltjpri \|>i-<iin?<l t" l>r U» 

'^pri*fl ihv Cuaiit <'/ TuultxiHuf hin (i-'Wrpnitiu*, fu 
' ponUmtnt fvr bilcrnUri^ licRlii?. It "niv Lri >rNii 
ihli ^wnful firiiiou IkOtl KtiTurLvl i iJiiLmuvful 
•iiil fln^ll&liiTii fp'tii til" tL>^I<i MiUk, hhd 
Ifw luiul Eihuiilijlinn hu crmC Bir^lrliir- 
n* JkUv. ArnriH. Ah^nt oT Clt^iuiv ikTid MlK 

'tDdBBodcnv t|ict4|ijWur ftuvun-ud't iiL^|.ilirrw Ht^K^'i 
■Vf^btfn, ut^\ |ikib 'JQ.OQO i-t thi inliuUldntii. without 
tmf lUaliBet^oq of 0r«nli t* th* ■^v.pd. Himi>n d(» 
iMltfuTi, Uia nij'tjur UiuW of thti^ruutHniiinW tho 
lifalias wak iiqiiAlly hfvpt? Uiwnnlt r»thi^ plixrvo In 

' lb« UrrihiTtf at \U\yiaotiii aikI hi* ^la. ^r vihtfin 
Utt^r JlcJ ifj ui'riiiurL iiiiU FcUt I,, Kinu "jf Ana 
fan. hi f«ltlD. 1*1» Ur»Jn lAkeiii *Tni pT^^rfinlctt 1>t 
1^ riiiwriH u 4 f*M'iml f*rr hia •*rvi™v to C'rtuul d-* 
McnlCori. »liri, lbiAp>tirr, on n/iinunt at iht- rhnn^n^ 

•^ tbffin, He vu UiUctl li^v & iLHtiio Eit till' tivi^ ft 
■^S^Vmnc in \2\9. Tt.1 iBKUton jhU'viinL-il vii liii -lOu 
JlB«Jr« id«ai1p laii fUiin' 1" tii" Kln^' h^ KFHrL<;«:. 
Vh* PH^l indiiI;zvTinr4 ritErnntiH'j ir-ui nil protJTKw 
fli Vianm n<^v ■niMi'trr* who mnr.mni^l -lir UAr, 
iftrf the ilrath ftf KAyimmrl V( in V^':':. 
oiiniDuuLUftilLiiiH II* HiEi. Rnvikninl VIL, 
ebli^]. iiom illi-lmulinK lii'* Hiiiifn'-^ t" dir 
'iMHBiwv» t» ■IW'^d hid iithi«FUikn{v iUl l^^^i^ n^tifl 
Ills* tagafaa «ik1 Li^vk Vn[. nf FmmHH »!"> fill 
Im IS90 iu ■ aiir|<Dlifii nj'nlTkii iho Iwrviii^- Atlir 



liuii']jnl> id thmiunilH kwl fftUffb on Liotb lUu. uid 
thn mmc bfvutifid puU uf l'rovDn» lUitl V|fjfcr 
lAnfti4*loc kiut Uuu TaJJ wuLff» il pciKv ^m n^dc, 
hy th* t«Tn)« of vL^t:[L lUi'iuond wm vUi^d la jiur- 
fhne* Idi AfaaaFutJEiTL wUU * ^^r^" 'Hfi <^f mntipy, t*p 
twU SorbnBiw, inth afwrAl mUU'^ ti Tyiu)* IX.. 
niiri mALo hie luu iit<lav, a broUiCiT of LvuU, luir ■'f 
HiidtHci Unda. Tliv p^tfv auilcml Uil^« jnuvaiCGi 
to D0ln4 Into ihv p m ipiniun of ibe Klti|f iff rntnce in 
<iTi!ep to Idnrl Ujui Biont Knidy t<» bin inlorvvU, uad 
fon* hfru U* Tmnwi hU iniiiiNtra^ 1*hn htfrrt^iTt 
*nir now diili**nil i)i» U' tJin |HVir!tri};ili]i; ipil of the 
r><>iiii[iii.aa4ta|jd U} tiipco^iruof tL« IciijuibLiIuij; kiid 
thMf ni<A tatiUonM whliLli piwtcnkft hmi Kci^uinivE 
'Itin&g tha wv t,*tti Vi^vi'iu^ (/^.i, uul U-u iii-j^'n- 
li'-7\} mnjil"ji'il tliPJp wlioli |M«wr to bHu^ tho "■ 
niailKltr iff llio A. tit EIlk ttA^-. wkI iiiiuln nvi^ ttn 
CMiivcE-u TfcL tlui in-KtuiidlAl'tir uii^cr vf thf (liunli 

|>T ItCUVr Hitai Etiad prfvoriAl fillduIafnvJllK 11lP^llAlI>f 
^-i tike A. diKA|>j>MitMd «ficr thr inifldLo of l^^c 1 ^th 
ptntiiiy J bit r^^iivH of Ihvir iMty f.>ini^. in th# 
nTHMmtAlni uf Ilfdn'inl and tn lAinb4n1j, wF»1 1> 

tJitTMiijIi tJtit \^ iddi'tiH-t, Lij tl;t LiJiic* ikf iIli' HuHiiLc* 
nnd the IlrfqiinAtif n. 

vt^rifK ikiTit liiLfr, hriirl i<)'r4, In iv»iL*4d]iipm>r 'ir tiiiuv 
df^iri'l til Ifivirrir^rtiiriAtJitn. tli^diirl wlniir^iKf niAtl,^ 
n iliMiEit, 'lla.' tynx (ff A,, llHn'finv, wlmtUrr Hmy 
b«k.]]^' (o tlid M'liiUt ImlUn, or n^v'^i laon^^ iptof a 
■■nif'^iiii T'fd's milky Kiln^nr, ihrlr Kjkir 1* nhil<« tthila 
tha iHitii tlji^ir #yi4 ii pal< ivtB ijMlniii, and \}\o pn|ii] 
Hkti'TiapIr r**!. '^ Vbi^iiop <^f Ilia dwl; fhitrmi^nl »lln*?. 
Ifltf thv'iHHliSmdBof HoBd'TfiBcU In Ulcw ^iruor 
iIlc rytN tn Iter wi'ii. For Lkt >aijje rLnuuii ik^'ircyi? 
uv iiitt null PuiUrl iv I'luhitr. ilm briizkL !iciu "fdky, 
hipfl thoy *ri> tfvrl in iliode nr (>y mnnnUfht. Hoifv 
tiiiLHii'iiA oikJtd A, nt/''f^rti'i! ti\ni. TLp cvonlUri^ 
of uT^PirWi or ltupvf.-tir!tjf it tlt^ny* l^rri villi th« 
indiiidiuU, nrnl omy nfniriumiiij^ imh ul in^ oiili<iLr 
Nor Ih It rui'ljicil lo tlirf kuniAti nu:ic. lur mi; Imdii 
oliKr^nt ilW*) la hmnn ralil-iU. nLLc. mJCVi &(.< bSnIt 
i^vldU] uroHt 01 hlookto^l* »td not pni^LauliHly un- 
?f)niit]i>it). Iitillo. nrid |ii?La|jii ilUpT )ii>iNrU It WM 
fiFaf n()-i-rtw'l niTiDii^ Ilw iii-^rMii oil llm fviJuiL oF 
Aln<in, wlioi^rt-ivMllMUinni" A ffoirUhp ftirtupJBiW 
injutfori. Allijiii«m ib mont ojmtuoii MUntifaf thv 
urj^ivi-* n[id Indiaatt «iid tv fi^tuciil I* It bi ■<riii« 
fiLoLTt. ihnb ilittiiict A. nccA Acre (oriocrly iboMA^t 
Ul <r)ii>t <'A tKu latbimi" of Dnrifiu ud iii lUa Ewt 
Indic-q. A »r*> (j»iipni!ly r*|irriieipti-d M ;fhyti«|ly 
Mhit iiiMirAlly tArnKrr thm\ nrhi<r nrnnniv |jiit ihh 
tMin* diifilitful. SoirmP A. enrDPumL's uopur Iti "iiff 
ffiiuilv. uid UL ii]*lui4,'v [» iDL»ridcil of 4 "WtlAn 
fntnily In vhicli pvcrf nllErSAlu oWld wcu »n ,^ 
T^lule A. orv itutfv iiiiiai'i-«iiit Ihftii Ii-tp^Ip afip* 
TitiiiJLniihvli, Sai'"iiriv l^uicc. nMrffuiMi Xc thi^ liotpitM 
aX Mtkin, Strrnnii'iiiLf. nnd utljiirn, hivt lujult lu- 
tvn^tEhif obitrvit;iuji4 on flhiiitin, 

Ar.mstx llEHXiLnn Sircrinni), wTirtm trrin nnno 
*** Wti,.* ^Wiiilcl. a dritlii^kKh^d nnAtAmi't, birn 
KsKVIh IClltl. tt Frrtakf^rt-wn-Uir-lirfirr, rflM Sppi, 
y. 17J"f 4L I.^l(-n, w]i*irr linM'u flftyyokr* jinfi-mur 
(if niinftmy. TiiHtnirtpii by Hjh fallL(T» LtiTi»rtl, wh" 
i;uji*vr't kfjcol rr^kuUl^ifJi n* n |tn<£uDvTr i>f tntiijumt^ 
i^ikI Iw lh« foinrm* ptofcwnpi of iho LoyJon *ijhop1, 
K4't» biJIifUp Birivhui*, fi« vonl In Fnnctin 17)«. 
»'li«re ha foniwd >ii tfiTMTftcy vrlfi Wirtlnw ahd 
St'Iiiw, with xvlic^ni hn aftiiprtihli rirrU'd ft: a iNirrt* 
pcndoin klulity wl vui UuwktEn tij luinvmiy, Elicr'ir 
THvoLxrilB eol^noo, Ho rbtttid npon his uffliv. la 
kutuftv. En Lcyilcn, ITl?, v^th »n oralii^ii /V .Ino- 
foriiVd Cffnifki'^fA 'i'bo madli^Ll fiktriETtj then vn^ 
fp-rmi 'm him Lliit d'^e of I^i-^tor. vithnut elUii-f 
tiuibiiimbin ac dbtpiiutiiiT- A few work* nftcF. 



86 



AJJUOIf-ALB^MEK. 



P»nfiM>rT fUq fJM, kna In ITlfO A, tvatmM hnn 
In thfl pmffianmhip r^f anftt^in^ dirt «uTQi>fv Ife 
W one of iJi« llnl viio foil Iho Inpulu alildi Botir 
boara garc In himIuiu)', by vtiJoIiiiuji lluj j^Lvijumuiu 
cf ll» aninul ecunomir, not «luiiiii»llj, btit mccbk- 
nii^Ij,^* ^vldni wHitJa nndortd a morq aAdutik^ft' 
NtflJ^ fV flka fitigta |ArU i^f tba b»f1y, mxid of itvip 
fnTCiAtlan^ nctCfvatj: ft^ Uir Ifwt J^viAtion in itic 
fonu uf tny pKi, icooi'ilii^ w Ijiui. jiivcuuiritjr |Ff(». 

^lUOB JiflvRaUO iu iUlMitiuJI. TZUD KVat^ni IVII^liilllti 

Tcujiii^ r^diiiiu, khd RmtwrhLu* bftd 4tpbin<-t 
Afijjr m M iTviml nuiiikH. A Ubnufwl In ti>if[fki-it, 
*t AK iTiilabUd 14 him fcff Ihp idmI ax&p I inAlpomju] 
OoMxijitlDtu ud |:iHnU ancdiUt af Itw uimda uid 
Ijocm^ WIiIIb ht hutd uv diIjob ijf pmF<var at 

Jmmjjt, Lika^id ^ Ow<^ii« <'ttf/oi*v /Tundwi, #|iq 

He blltoJj kIm* atitnl *vritJii|^ ut Uv%vy. Vmuljiji, 
FAibtidjifc A AquK>ciiJiQil*, luJ KuvUHJaitip, Hit 
l^D^fiT, CHuiiitiBii BemiirJ, prvfMwrut l^trvohi, <1ib- 
timg njjhed hrniHll la Ui* lamo vntTiv^ Kod w [ik*; 
vlu nn 4«tf«iiwd AnUnmj'4l VrtUt; hfl tlitd M»y 

ALUo:i ; UiB mHJ«BL lauii] by wlucL iktf tfJ&ijJ vl 
OnAt BiilAiiL VBBluivwii^Eiikd vinpLayid b]r Aii«loUv. 
AjrMbaciwrai 0'^ 3ii< t- 4)p vpo^kioc' of tbo firitiib 
lundi) UH* lli4 nun** ttArrm^ uiJ 4/Airrn fnr ttio 
tmt Urjrtt; Itulaoty ^IIN. U. t. 3) ooU* A. h iS'^Uth 

iba uUn J i>f Oiijiil iViUJi^ Mib>i fipniiHr]/ cftUwl j|£Ai!p< 

«rDvn4l It' In ihHUy A. ia Bi([l ui^d fi^ Grut 
BriMia, Tbo ItrMkt ud kftuujiii prvbaUj rvo^vuj 
UuiiAiDfr fnim. tha Ij uib, (n wtk4H Ihiigiii^ it wf>iilrl 
SMBu immDiJbii'lhiiil. fruiEi tliir CjiiiriEi ir^/^ alit n 
mouaU^ii (wJjvniT nUo Almy. Soidd writtn iviiuli) 
darlve it from \hv LaUu WAnt. Atiiie. Ln t^^civim lu 
|tu«liAlky ^A ou iba o>ula |L a JkiiiblltiH die 
uiu.1 «.^nl ju Ailwiy. (^''.J, JkJbiibi^ «t Albn. 

AlittT, fir TnrtflA'FEUirJJC; » lUtOM, UKUOj Cif ft 

vhiU I'lilciur. Ifi vbbh |m|vHj It mrm Ua auiin, 
tut iKQkHniiKllr bliiiidw r>V^ urivnubr or fnhlUL 
whiU. It Uu « titrrnu* imaly l^tn, ^lujinfi from 
tntipuibi la opvitiii, u n^rn ud wiuwhki 
U1U1« tn>«l<jnr. fenil Inndi trjfUnlo ctthUI*. lb Hta 
Uha talMUf bcfLura ihft liLnwplp*. but ri^loiTtv Lho 
flam* ywDtt, it IivuJiLljt* Su smuiU, iiiv3 oUnu n^jilatio^ 
ftbpAf ib ifr&nil*, Pjvulldr Ac, H >i>nLii:iiiJ>?a oruin 

■ iiii. *f fcLoaCT-i't, ftlimlnii ISPSl pronUt otlrvn 
-O, TUffEkHlft -Sn, Lim' I ^ >od« V tib, ;4tMH a II , 

AliBO, Juftm , ■ lflvii»] Jen, Un b1 8arUt In 
Afl flMflUb kiofillcm <ir Otd CutHo, lU hu imv i>r 
Ifat nbbw vho t4Ak ^tjf\ In tliv cwlohinteil eiiaF«fi>TiaB 
Md in prrt-oa.nr J'»jp« n-n«livt JAIX. in l«t'f. 
w^rti thd piainu tn iliApiib- |i*I««m Jaw* viil HitIb 
tkoi «Bv dlKowil, Ue ivUilMd bb hcdilfity t,> 
CbititiAbilri aaiJ tmlifinj li faj ^ eoupuiUii'ii i^f a 
vvA toiftlnl ftUrim i>r AAttfafScMp in vbk<b L« 
wUftmrotl topr* 4ddiliaA«l fom to Ibt BirvniDta 
vIlwIi h> b^ map\ay«d in lb* ouafvncic*, U* dW 

AlJoijr. Kliif U lb* Lfiuibutk Juuiaw^tJ bb 
Ifttbcr i\uJuii mArtl. ll«ni|iwd In ffarioumud 
PftwunU wbiU Cuabwifel, Eliw cf tb« GvfilJj^ 
»iiIh! i* DvDA ud SmU, ud Ilifti«ik tv <l«gu, 
iGw 0f IbH Anp*. w*« flbJbidHiBg Cb» OAquoil «r 
MoUatU u>4 WftU^li^ft. Sams 1^ puml of 
JviUuLia, HOitit bia «naixv^ vul mwivnl UtaEil, 
is tbv n afMul Ti't'U. Kn^- it Ibv OvWufVlliA 
A., in oKoicclBa vitb tb4 ATir^ inftlt «hr ■(UDil 



tbi Gvjiidv^ ikbi ttow lb«tr kin^ Cnnimitml, wHh hii 
own liATiil III ■ f!'**^ Iitxtlf fniiflit i:i itM^ ThU 
vi«UirT etEAbUihtd bl* t^tna^ AfUr Uic dutb of \i\m 
nifc CluliMwuida. bv uiacrJAl l&flkHftjJiJf tb« Jkii^V 
ifT of Canimunci, wLo wu acmni|f Ibv upUvofl. ]|c 
iJWwimlii (in££A utiJertoob tho oon^i^iidiit <<f lUdr» 

.rmlntii]], cin<>i]4i>l ty*n inii£rfLU<fii1 nmrt. vhi^jcvi 
JWcQ^lBt la A.P »i:llI <<irupd lOm tili m-d^fiALJuD. 

B*BV y**^ ^■^'1''""' ^^^ iuuv^ae uf A-'a ^V^^^ '" 
lUly, in mlufinif which h- "i.-» vllh tvj f. '!-*'if:—, 
pimj^t iht- lir&K- ili<fL-^4i4 .ii ' I . 

intfH hii hAnr|« atU-r h bh^i "l il.i'. -. .-^r, Irr-i 
rp't^nj; liiwf vul k half >«iii« in luly Elp wm ^l^n 
jU VcFurLh, iu £7^ tir ^^74, Iry Ui iwuhlHj iDatJ|;&Hil 
hijr bU v-iFa lUwniiinI- if« bvJ lacurml bcc hnlfvd 
by Kbdib^ b<T. 'lujini; mid «E bia filfe nf inlAiic4tT<>n. 
A 0Dp, wroD^hl Frc'in ihc hIliiII oI b«F fbthtr, filled 
vitb ^inn, triti rnrviii^ h'^, iv^rvirrliiiu tfi ht« nvm 
noi^Jt. Ut djink wjth hot fktiior TIJi Inrl^mt hw 
twdu IiiLriflliKad l^ EucodUl and AlAail Itjtv thvSr 
trnK^im, cfell^d JitHomuHdat ia * y^.ty pL&Llictic 
titJhiiiLvrr Xolvitludjuuliiij; hi* hftrliimly op thjn ^id 
nth«r ntwuiinnf, A. vai a jiint ail'I l'<^n«lioiitit ruliT. 
Aiifl mu ?i«lnv»L t^ ttii iiil>}r<^^ V'lir* r«Hri>l In hiiii 
muvb of tbclr charafiU'riiUe fcnSslt^ 

AuitrxJ^; n ciiEUijilDrsibhT aEtU^Afttet Ihhc, l^iuU 
MtiEtTt i«f th* dl;^ of VnlflDUA, In ^wia, iwdj* thii- «e4, 
tfith whic-b it WpnuniLiumtAi hj- a Jtnn-c-H' chtmnnl 
U u ermiii^ikutTy pud ta b«v« boi^i nri^maly ihic I7 
th" Mflon "I'fro »aiiflb faMral J^ucbrt n*friri*d ihf 
Ullt uf ViiUi ft Atbiifon mi tfoiunt of the liIoakAflt 
juiilLAfibufUf>rUin^(>]uiijihut'itiirallUBbv. lii VuLcti^ia. 
Tbc wbUt hir3« hnd ciJit lAhicti are t«)!i:n bctc ^idd 

AxkuKBRA; ft vlUikca in £*lr«mtdum, ah ih« 

AIbuhtn,)«iaatBinlL»5.S.K^of Itiidi^qf- '^ bhitic 
1*41 foii|^ ben. Mav 10, lill, bitAsea tb* <irui> 

IbitUb. ^pankb, odJ rciituj:uf««. and tbhl i-l tbe 
Fnnab uuibal £4ull» aratiiiiitiEie to hifiul tl^liOlLO 
mn, but MBtidoabty ■u|>*rLr'r m u-1il]«r)\ 'llio 
Ot^iicl of th> I'Wucb »M l-i raini ilni »iryp cJ iWia- 
Jdo, v1iU]h wiu IniwrtMd by Ltx* Kil^ILhIi, Suiilt vx< 

mm- The iJUm 1ml d»kkt Tfi^ lum. tud e^jr<1 
lb« ^totory by 4 4»uh w*ll dini'tod, md <i|i|ioriuiia 
lira on cJm QolurnTii «l IVmt^b iufuttr^, l^iiditjo^ & 
ftw dajn after, fsU intu eIib IulTuIi a! (h* oJlim 

Al-iii'M; AHiiinif iIhi R«»inbiia a lamrd tir Lthlrt (4l 
vbik^h nfli(i4l Dotlrt^ •avh v the [wbcq't tdji;>«i, llaLa 
«f Ibo n»mb«n cf pubUr bodica^ 4^, wen ivilltpn, 
vndvhkcb wa* put aplamna pobJlapUn to Ut kcil 
by all li VM » oaUk! aitbor btOftB** Et vm c< ft 
vblt< Dtttrrtkl (dAtfi^ wbiift) or a nutvtfiJ wbLtBnvt 
Iff WcftiBH dm wHtiDif on H wu In wbSto. A. Is n 
tmto9 omv ranvrslly iCivvn to a bhHiL 1»n^ fur lb» 
ivMf tinn inpiawa of ptHrlrj, autograpbta cTi|^*ln^ 
phntog*«|>lu, ko. 

AtBTun. Aihurneal* onaTuiatyaf icUnoTadb' 
mubfei, cUltil pruiDid^ whS^fj fvnuituid ft bvM 
liwl uf ibn Limuua iif j^niiiinl^ uf ihvli (lmd> ot niitn> 
biun, Anil in ntnsM tvtu on- proHi^cu d| diaHMh Ta 
tbv iflhulp oUaa the torm albunun hnt boao 4ppJUd| 
but it la rir>v gvnatiUy rwtnotol to wbal nuj ba r«- 
ginlHl bt lyficii. tbc hlLutnen ctnUinM jn vvtiWt of 
i^l 311J tba Bcniin iiF hluihi, KmuL Iba htnnir it U 
pnpand bjr laUiiiu bbunrmfhly i^llh wvtor. 11U«rift£ 
AnDOnUiJiit Ht* vilutlaa t^ « Vnj Kvrtde b«ftl« «d1 
fiaaiiif Uit rvaldua fawm fftl, L; ukaiu d tibar uul 
ftlnhoL Uy tbia malbfld n rttAioa In* «Jk*ll ud 
Btti^ wblob bavew eui b* nma^Bd b^ diidyidB, 
tbaiitfh nat cainpl*t«1y. Pnpuvilaftftliiav'it bfty«l- 
lomi, unvTMftlUutilak Htnl-tnnipnnnit aubttooot, 
flbith iTflU up feod flnaUy duaolw in vftls. 



k 



ALnVQUER<)Ui;-AlOAlA DK OEXAJLSS. 



87 



fh« (tilntlfWi, vUlct) ma«t not be too lUlaUs 

b iMled to Ab"lt IfiV F^Iir, It iGcimjui lurUJ, 

ft flhftn^ <rf ptopnrly ^thnnt lUiy i>TLivn-,-ii r-t mm- 
ludtvHi; Ibiugh ft ili^i «votiidim nt Aiilplivr?:- 
VhI fa^rdro|r*n han bpvn obMrvvd al Uii^' umc timo. 
Ttie ti-»;blft>ktrj !■ £t^tfttcd I7 jirovltju* ctrafa) 
iH«lr^»ljun <jf thr FUbAli «t ibr HibiunTiii with AAJtic 

iJmh.>i noil hf itnms vSili fLMfvpt thi pbnphailoi 
Bhli^hi'ninliiiicvittill^nii watliiiitf ^vHh water tucoom- 
l%}s:v\ ii Apt^ W fvliHulvfl- BI»'h! or HirnuL AllniiiiQTi 
Jiffita ill K f«w lattloutftn tluU Ii If nnb cAailj du- 
trmoMhpd rrom cd UbumnkH In e^iDip'idtKfa ihwj 



GHtAll---.. 



7:4 
1000 



It 

tai>i> 



Hot nomlivn liHwl to U>v ruiiaulftOp,11itt^ia 
80ii> bal vhvttH«r or tot UiSb ceirptVB«B iho (nu 
fipunftbg walgbt if nob dociiitrip 

VrhuA aHhuho m*^tktH in n fluLd it ivp rndilj 
ifidL>»« ftfir mbfUnnii whldi mity t#<iii«pfnM it 
ll. Fnr tht» TBimia buUfids'* IJotjrl bib Le^n [ftrai-ty 
cintitijtvd in vtn^r rrfituiii; to cluiry tlir 9,yiiip< 

withit tliu muddy pftrt. I'mrF, it* bring (tiiwiWiI* 
l^nmoi^ii idJiii, iiTirra*pftdfclLirbynirTi«lvc>1ltuiDJlto. 
vlih Thkili tc fitimit an jnaalulib comixiuud, lb lak 

ALBt)l)TrrAqiTi;AtminJ)TiT, V|f<^r<^^f IrKllft.niF- 
namtd lAt (irtat, and tho /^arfii^urjr JVanu wm bom 
■I I^boDH 14^2. uf a EajuiI^ iL>li dditTud iln offi^^ii 
IrvDi kiiaf*. An liDrnU.- wul DiiUrixiHiijt tplnt ftt tbiU 
liD* cLi*tinjpj4br<d hin nbtinp- Thcj had bcMTQ* *o- 
«n*ifttod with, v\d hul «LiLj«itAl to bh«4r pov«r, ik 
WB> T*'^ 0' ^* <*«l«Tn conA of Africa, adiI bt^n 
to atund thflr away ore? tile mu »Tict nAtinDA af 
JsiK^ A' wft> 4|»puiiiLbf viiijrciy nf llinr jo)iiibUjriiiH 

lUt/t taa watnt iroopt, (mtb*<cut of Mabbbar; took 
MMikia oi Oon, irUob b« iBftda iht »nlra »f Lbu 
l^w■afv•■r prtw?r hthI mniracTr» in Am: •uNIup'I 

ttn mile (if Mul^tbELTn CWirbq, ihtf StiinlA laJjiivK 
and Ui« pvuiiMidA rif TttiJiiDiTL. Tn U>iT ho mode 
Uoikvlf mubtr of thn L^UmUf OnuTja, b( tht i<u1iiuit» 
«f tba PoTvlu G»lf, WhF^n thi> King of Pi.'»ia Jo. 
ttmtfecl llrt tribute vlil?]i ttio priEiL-v?* of Hub ivULd 
iMd tfirmtrlj fsxiil tiJin. A. Ixkl lyfoiv th? urnliuwL' 
4oB ft bullut iLLjd K hwi>n]. nji^vin^. "Thu Ii thv imln 
b vrludi ViDitiij;*] |Ay0 WuibuW Li 1^1 Lv 
look Mftliwc*» uid tlivu [liurued to Oca uid dpFi«l<^ 
lb* fdmof goi«ior, wba lutd Ukon ■;dvfttLtM» of liii 
rtiinMtomUm^towwMtMhipttalf of it. HamuU 
lfa» PartngUAM n^ma rttgld; THpeviAl b/ dl ihp 
ttRlIODiunu priflDMuf Iitdu, Ami ai-vrnl, un tUi>k]n^ 
«r3lft[u 4Dd PfMiii wuitt*! hl« frl«iHJ*hJ[i and |jmleL^ 
(Lon. AL Lu tntar^jritea wff» cKtrkotqlauj. I£is 
4lHlpUikfr wu fArid: bs wu Adtiva, o&ationt, viiv* 
bnaaDVf AUd juHt; rwjwrltiii iiid f j^niil by Ikui nd^Jj- 
bOBT^ |]A]m»l liy bt« ii)r"niv^, Hiv virtiiAi invli> 
«odi m Imiirvnkan fii tb(i Ji]4^iAri4 thnt lbi^>-. tor a 
lotw time hftvr bJa ilt^itt), uiulr i^lLTliUbGH Ur bit 
MftD, ULit bWaiUh'ljt llilEI &>> ^rfurrfii't IhciLl JII^AJllltl tlld 

VAfil:", Ij* dj<l lift piKviiMi ltii< myy uf the ^^oirttLi^ra 
■Dd thu kUjLfkruiEiii <if Km;; F.riiuiui:!, wimitr.bl \ji\n 



S»Hft Iht f crh'Da] fomf cf A-i lo lUl la* iJjiiH. 
'II10 lA^tLtuJi? '' bltf 4D«vr«i|j;Tt nvcTi'lj ikJffiilicJ biiv, 
ud b> <ti*d a Uw Aayt tlti-r taoiviny ttw iiitDlU- 
{firiLfn At Bn^ rjfBT i'itii, JttC Ih, lAJS, )iatlii|> rr- 
LVtinrnrmlnl bin cmlj "ftn Ut Ui« hliu;'* fhxnnr. In % 
Ii?tbcrwfjtlcuft«liuittliai9 bflfanUiw;!!' I^aiigi;! 
bi>D<iiinil Ma suemttry hr a long rvfrtntanor. auLt taii^l 
Lu* bon 10 tlia hijibail ibpLilici of tha Ids^iJaiii, 

At-viflXEiCr UkH »fi wbti« aab«tani4 tvhicdi, In 
Etmh. i« liHinfl h«t«Hin tha lihvr r* mtirp IkA ui'l 
;h« Hood, ftacl. in iirc^etcB of tloH ftoqiilrtiu ■obdlt'Tp 
bemiMt ItaaU tbr vcod. A aev t^«r ul woutl, ur 
rathsf of A-t 1> «^e<J AnEuiaDy to tb? tm id atoy 
parts jort OBilrV tli4 bark. 

ALCLCrit, Dpa of till* gr^gbatft (iivrian Ijriii pooC'j 
uibi bfriTt )uMh\T>^'>^ in linl>iA, an^i Aikiirlabf^ Ehfpa 
iLt tb* difii^ of Uiti 7th add beQinnhi^ nf ilic Oth «vi- 
Laiirt Ikc, Suiuciahat 4ildv^ Umu »ap]iUu, Ue paid 
hontoyo tfli ibaohjvmB of Lia rQDD¥^cd otunttywonai^ 
but, ai It laMBi, UBauoevB^uUj, Btiu^ nf ■■ fiatr 
fetrnpaiftUMut, ba Knigbl at tbaiBmalimi' th» Iminlof 
wmrand ol tiwmiMHi Rta mWATtiiitf m InnitiK bin 
abbfhl. jji a klt |jctwt«D M^L^hnH ftiiil AUit^iu, baa 

titv diil vmriftliitb oonvi]l»i<| bit cuatitry at lf» liBio 
(pf tha utyuliiiiui of ibb l^'noU, auti uflwd (uth thi lji« 
ajiil thn Biimril m thf raiiBa cit Lihiwt}-. In tb* NpO« 
nlif batml: pan with IttCMUi; aubMqinnitijr i^biI 
UdIh wlien lis oook iho idot o| gorcmaevl hmi bti 

UHH Iikbda, uflct llic *m3tliiuT' of the I'Hty tvtanU, 
IP ordtr to umtc ivinJ i^nit* lln3 Jivid^'il fr^n.>Lc. A,, 
«P*Um] frrnn 3rityioi]» by tliv ^iluui^ <if irirpum 
flttncrv, ^funplTM rLiinnt Tnr b i'-^'K tiii>c. anrt Ckt Iftat 
Cell iQtiD Ibc handa of rittooiia, Lu jin aitflinpt t) totiit 
Ua vny IiUu hli iM.\va dxy nx tUc lic^od of a luIy vf 
oaDiL Tbc Utlnr nii^^naninioinilv jcAtcPi-ict hhb li> 
libfirij. H» Hohj^ ItJVAtlin lhi> mn\t\ npirit With bin 
bfp' A Etmi2, rnanl^ culhui^im U'l frroifi^m and 
JuitLM pnvaru tTaTi LtimH iu ^tbidx liu vin^ tbit 
pluMiirai nl kva mhL w^nrL But iIki «il>biEEiiy nf h:* 
Qftburv *biiM» bEi^blanb ^rhniL bf* iTama Tibli^ir, chti- 
tlna tTnnbf, docdbva tbt bloidaei of hbtrt T and Ibo 
laltfty of aiJlci Bla \yrio iooh ttaa vcmd lu all tbo 
fomt tioA aab^pcts Df prxitry, atU^ aDtiquity aHribalv 
to hiia byknni. <i'li<i>, umA pr^nga. A Inn fniffm«D*H 
rtnly an bfl at uW i>l th«iri, and a dindut rcbft rkf hia 
iKwtry ivftobM UP In •omvu^k^ vf TI»nhw, H« wmio 
In the JEdUo dlaJcot, aqd km ibo Jiivciitur uf ibo 
in<lro ibal b«UB Ut mnifl. one of Ike uioat boauUfi:! 
DbJ ifi^iHliav at all iho ijrlo ntlna. Htiraoa Tim 
"iTipIrtjpd it in muny M hia ed«B. 0»nmiB |"f*tt, t-M*. 
havp Smhntr'd li. v Kbt[DilnQk, Of tb* Im >>iwk« i^f 
odETi J?(i hy A., cnly fr^KQioDtti nuiidat nliicb haw 
b<KU L-uUc^jUy] Ut Mattbili (LaIvB^> I^ST* aud lkii:k 
iP<irtfr lyrici Cf'cfi. 24 td. Lolp- ISSBJ. 

^Uf ALA UK HcKARttf: a btaufiful and TOiio^rfgwf 
fity nl Mpj-iii, in N»w Caitil*. in th* pawviao* ftf ftnil 
in'mUofl cut'DOithooirt from Illft>trid> anil r-bniit rma 
iqUb ftDin the rttfbt bftnlc «f the Ifpaam. It in 
mjtuated rwftr llw w vf the Raii»ik town Cimfinlvu, 
and was iUclf formnlr oallnl by tlila naiDO. Tho 
aelabratnl C'ui'ip^HAnitr'ci PitfyfJ^t VU pnVttd hato 
iiliiiri^lTt imcW Uui ^lii^rtinn'^iiil at Oni orjumuft rf 
C'arlirLAl XimmM- nn?y ^M^ii rnjilrn Irin^ trrLirtimd 
al aco«t<if ortr .tH.^iO in* P(>tn!ft»i\ Tbm of 
LU«e WRvcrTi ycUuiLLi and uucuf t^Tii waa af IcnVifd* 
ayH far £E^2^ Tbo town hai iw mifo^bg appcfmau 
wben wen from ■Mrto diitnn™, but oo naarDr inapw' 
tinn In iDunr) tjt br in a •1,iil<i aI itftr^T, Tb^^ frfindpal 
cdlfico art Lbc paloct mf ih« Arcbblahi>|i«IToEf4lDiuid 
Hie Cuiii-/l<t ^L ^)< lldtfuuio. Thnw Wfts f^mtcH^A 
uiufrtnltybcrr. fiM^riiIi-^J by Oaiclinal Xmrnm, wbidi 
wnsnt i>ne tiiiLti qbtfldiW bj l^,0(M) ntudirbtA^ tml In 
l^'.m it tnw rvmniarj with lUlilirBTir ta Mjtitnil A, 
was tlip bimhiilam nil C'firraatoi. ihn {iwt Fi^narma, 



k^ 



J 



3S 



ALC4l-DR-ALCHVilY. 



r 



■did Antonio d« ScdU, hi«MiUn of Iht ma^Offt nf 
MdUiu, I'M!! «aa4 ilii 17<W^ S3.OO0), 

AliCAlfdft ld/iilHI*Al,Uf AU'/IlfKlf^uf-'Br/IUHT, ffULU 

tnl» i& th4 sf&Quh uvl PortuguM* t«was tn whc^m 
tbt fedlblnllll&tii'D oi juallC«aill lil«MffiilM1ri|i ipf Lhn 

AtJCAVTAK,\, All A-nrinut tc^^m and froiili«i fttrfaiQtfi 
Id Ibe Spuilih jir»vlu(« mi l.'-wwt*, in EtftrraiHlurh. 
vlth «^T3 tnluMUaU. KulU by th> lAtMr^ on Lti» 
Tigu^ovoTvlilrii l« A Bfilaiulbl biiil^.tnaiarl by iV 
BoDHit, Onovi llw Ibn* aodviib SpAiilfiL uilm ol 
htaabtbnqLt, whLcliH«iTaitBoniEin liom thahnihevn 
«ret Julinailtiran^^of tbop4<ir<CrtiT)JniiU ISlli 
^Dlufy. und fovBlit bnivlr «^*ii»t tha iloofa^ r*' 
«*i««rJ< Lh l£U7, Irom thdOhWof i.'.AlMi«VK tlwtomi 
<rf AliWUr^. fif wbkli it I*"* tl* JLiuuf, ».iiU wm 
iLiu:«al«jtlit]ifiL'^ii4LiiHiicn>frEi, After Llirii-tiuiL] tiOritc^r. 
Dob JiJAJi ill* Zunik^ \im\ *it'hvpnt\ m^ Uiv f/ttin bn 
TirllnrirLiI lb<« l'-«L]h>l;<i. in I llM. A.^ ln^iLt ''ii a rYpukj 
«Oi>IWt1rt fuuJ luak«4<t by «iiriait mhIK i>iia>l«U. fi^r 
lEiir luMir pul, of rUap dattow BtntK but hw ■ lurg* 
liiiiHc L-tLunhi Jiml & nilnoitf <iaavent> with raluUnp 
Vy Uurfe^, 

AlMA£A& n> BaIV Juatt, * towti of 9pui, Id tb« 
prorfbpe«f Ciudad-R^ [In Now Cii*iilo>H in ■ Lijlly 
tfkibrkcc botoDHa ihe rfvtn U^jucU auU Xaoc^u, ant 
thft MuJrid vwl AliLvnln nilway- U hw 7U4^ in- 
)iEil4l]Uit< b ■ wvd-bunt aad Ijuiy cUei% with diaqU' 
iutuna of AOpi Mltfiftn^ j;iaiiyo>rJ«, dioouLUv, mxl 

Auinn^ or AijtfBRm^ (1» dutgllUr r^f Pcllu* 
And wlfq ol Atlmaiui, King ol ItuMlv. Uar but 
hnd WM «iek, ami. *<eiirt!ln^ to «i anm, vuuli iHk. 
uul— awiLtf onr 'W tnnrfu * yqw to Biu4t floith in \>k 
■ciwl. TJiit nv focnUy ilana by A. Rh* b«DUDv 

Hncuto4 vLitbod A^iii^tu>» wji^b >vbi>iii bo vu an- 
Dorttil by th* tlM of bwpiUlil^, inij fToniiHcl hu 

ll« nail* fonl hi* iior<f, ^mprJlin^ Flui/i t^ rMtrnv 
A- lo bar htufaviil HurljuUn liw diuic Uib ^tuiy 
lb* wbic«t cf • •mg«dj, 

Al'dinn'; «b«ortwbtDbiiifvmRlaiDaaoKn|naJ 
lb* ulAfv of and pftnl tho wty far tb* madvm tavuoQ 
at AmniKiy lra ■tfrnl^gy HM fnr vlmnmnTj, hal 
vbmv AlLbH Wffv nil wjliitlrtr. hr*ng ponnrM tnlply 
to dit HlBOai^ffy nf tfac msuu ol bidenalLuly \'t'i- 
Inwhif IhjDuui Ufa. k»i ul tnmaiuiiiiff tbc Luci 

BMN« l&ld Bolil iMhl iJIfir lyalablr liia frDCiniit 

■Winn^ In eb«ir Uml ktuicipl* iif itivU u-vtaN, ot> 
■Mflnf thKt thk cnrnpfattion of <]ilT>ar<iit nu'iAU |ir«>- 
iluDFd laaiBM of ftMbrcrunUkv fitlur-^fur liuUin«. 
UiU ft mitlcm Ilka ucdd rvultod from lliu iii«itiLi|r 
ImlhuT 9! rovt^t Bfid I4EW— writol tA !}» crnicjunirjn 
ibMl om BuUd «ulJ bt G^Hped idIo tnAtlwr, Al 
m tftrly p4«ihi tba jHtfu nf ^U uid ulvar e**^ 
wOt^fl ># iDtiiTjr ItiffWfi'il. bad mfn iC-lnl^^l t)i«r 
hnfBot obUolB; ibna nKr ikct^lk frm tint m'ttt 
yumtntn. At ilw mtvio \lme the bptv nif iifv |ul iu 
lb* ilka <if fiailjiy a nmvJr afsinvb all diKKuca^ a 
m i — c4 IdvaiiiH lb* inAnaittH <4 ic^ of rmv^nnji 
jDuUi, anrl tvfkalllng il#ath. llw hffi* 1if ivaliiDnq 
thtm yiMn ptnrnfuttl LbatUvttcl mrral nm. wlm 
IH^ ibclr UtiMacB tfanitffa nyrljcal butuwHiJ 

Mfj to ib4 a tubniMK* vbitfh, oooUialfW IbovrtfiLul 
MMfAa «f all vuitbtr, ■booU ^w tbt pww «l 
iH«ailti1iiff all iJitit iti tUiuanl*. TbiAgnrtatHtTiml, 
nr wnutnam uni^rntU, whLrli at lh* KBift t^mv «i> 
(<* |iai*4a Ja i<u VTt ^<f tvuj"%iiij; aII tJir HT*U4^r iltn vr 
inrtuf iJiv IniuiAU Ipjhty uhl ivn'-'ihf i\tv^ vMP^lk'l 
lb* ^«i4v/klrt'« ff<jiitf. Uifir ^iJwj>^w^*^# u^^ ^^ 



prvtanrM pruBHwrn it'hptt. Tfw ukitv obwutv 1I10 
iilma wliiih tliF olelt^mltU lLtiUHrlt» liivi uf Uie 

Htcy <bcii:AvuurDd to ^-i|-Etw UuvuflJvi^ lu ■vntt'L'liul 
lijLt;i>n^> Aft4(»iijv|h t}irj T*luu«d iLU |'bru«n- 

Tn^ ta ^tiMvilI thuir uKTvU fKIO thfl lln lltUI Atff li . 

Jn h^iOT''- ^'1 l'^*^ ^xdinit blmc^ hcrmrt, ihu ton <if 
AuuliiL AAA nuikcil aiuUDU tlm heivo, ilhiI utiujy 
biKika uf damtiiaJH uinviuaJ, and ■IdjVBJi^ lc?uni»i£ 
arv Bud tu h^ra Ivan fefl bj binL ^tr*-, Imvvit, 
(tf* rrf A Ifttcr 4llklt^ ^!4h tifJ*wm Tr4iififrfntti§\ 
I'tiT ihu t*itMnn chcrmalry »ti<1 aVbjmy Fw*4wBd tliu 
nurr'' of ibo t/fr^ralip att It 1« iNrrtAlu thit Tba 
i34jviuiib Kk'VplbuLfe |JE<iBaAi]i] jjiirticttlur cbt'iiucAl oni 
iiicbuUuriiV^ k'lonlniijjii. jJt1]cHi;:U Uko <iri4Ein "f ^ 
Dhjiny «annct nith (wrUbibj bo tlitHbtftfd to thcio. 
3«iriiml Gmiam bvmno Hcquairtfld viib th« vrltijsf^ 
nf thfl KgyptiARA, nn«l liilt)aU*il In 1bf4p ohi^DQinl 
Ln^wtcdga, TTia fandiiait dir inaelo, And furali'liytuy 
iiLuru imrUculvlv. A|i(ntj| aTtiirAudii aiiniiiif tliN 
ltflip4iui aWi. Wlifin tnia Kriraca «■« panKUted 
ondu* tb* ItuniAii trranu, mp'rvlhlod lam fall* |^- 
loKphy flotir'vhi:-! uw lunro. Tb* firodlgaUty of tba 
l^niukt Mp1t«4 Iba dalr* for gold, aod ltd tlma to 
puniia ibv an wbich f rontlwd kl IniLUmtanniiiAly itnd 
abLiniUiiitj-, C^liuiiiaiiuMla vxpfriimnl* »Uli n >i0iv 
nr ohuinJnjE jnid iri>ro <jti4umiL Oh thp otb^'F bu%d, 
IiIoolctioQ vrdcrtd all book* to bo V<unt«d that taucht 
lo znanufaatvn ^il aDdailvurbyalc^hymy. At llat 
tinio many VpIoi wi alohjmy wvto mltien, and laLaely 

ciuUy- TJiv* ti huinlaar uf wrStldif* Aura ajicrllivd bt 
l^niHiTitu*. anil tn^Jv loHTnuw^wbii^bwrimTritlpn 
by Egyptian monk* and Lprmiij. and wh^pb, n^ Lbv 
T"f""i ^miyrf r A 0. taught to aUtgan«a,uLlb lujtU- 
r*l iKuI tyrubflBcal fijtin* Iba htm 60 di»«»Bf- tba 
|ihilc4U|i]jDi'a ttiinH, At a lator |i*rti>il dicnutlry and 
aldiyniy vnie ?LLltWaU<J aijiiin£ t^i^ AraJiiuH In 
ibo fillj ccntT#|-y llic fiut l^UciueiU oumiuiiJv billcl 
fj'ffrn', f|(^uri>ZicJ uEt->Qi; ihom. bi wW*r vn^tki rule* 
mro jpiftn fur pra[ianq^ i|U]ckintDT :ind oilier ttieLnIt. 
In tlw muliiU v^i'i th* luoalit datPtMl thaqnHvltn« lo 
akbymy. altlinufh ttii</ wvn afevrwanla pmblUlod 
fnjiuaiuiiiibi^ Jl by tbc jKipd* Put Unre wvcita 
Dvtu aiuouf ihcM. JuUn XX1I-, >^bo l^a* fond of 
»UityibT^ CiAymoiitl Lnlly, [>r Lull■tl^ wai 0114 of 
tfatf rtioil fmnmu nlnhyauhU iti th« Hlla Pud ttih 
ivntirHHi A (t-^ry u N^M or him» tb*t Hriifink> liia 
«lny In l^^ndmi li^ rTian^l tfi klni; Ki}Vi'u^l I « 
<liuv> uf 2l},11UU lh>ULiLl» uf ijukluJtttr iM'i vi>ld. iif 
MUik tTuJ firtL tuK-uc^M *n» Lxiiiied. This tluily 
Iff iJcbymj ■■»■ (LrobiUiW at Vfuuv in 14H^. 
VAraomUum, irba ti'A* hi^^bly oolubmlvl about l&'l^ 
Ivlmc^ en lli^ rti'oxinM thUymiwtt, a* «1i R>-|^ 
I^ACon. UkuUJuaVAlrnilnlii^ADd icanyrithfim N^'bcn. 
Iiumivcr, mini raLuuial uniiuida ut vlmiiuAlfy aud 
pfaHivK^bj bqpui Co l« dilTuHid ami lo abed bglit on 
cb«Bao>l |4»ni>incma> tha iaf« for akhyny fniduaUj 
iT»rt4aa*f. tlii'nifb manv i^rimii, nirlmlinj; baidi} 
nriliIcA, ttill ivni&tn'il <ti-vrpt»f1 In It Alrbymy ha^k 
bi>imv<r, alfiirdtd loina ktvIco to cItBnIftrj, and rvca 
iittLlk-itiir CbflUiBlnr wa* Anl «atifullir ttLnlJnl by 
thd aluhyinvE*! la wbi4a lAkanr and naiiea« wc atv 
indabttd for fffwral iiBKifiil fJiraAvana^ f-j/- Tanoia 
ivpvpantAnrH <pf ^ut^ktdvi^^ Itftua^ ^a 

It li altll lni|iiHirtblr l-^ Hwrt anytfatn J vitb «Fr> 
taliity aTiitii Ifav ttvumulaUoD of weuJl UvOot 
i:hmitiAjj, buWI, pbuM uaUb in liv dw uf d*- 
ti4Tktii, ftbd ^i4ii«B Ibfl fHflvifcalitT of dmnjhic aA in- 
Unr anUl bitn (raid. M«t nf Iha uamaU *f andi 
Ifaamnlalioft iwE oP tnnd fi^ <lf1nloo. altlfxifift 
aflBB of Hum art air«aii[>aqtnl with rlrnrmataDm 
%in\ (^AtiiifnT wbi'iib rrnilrr ibviu |irulald*- lly 
mmn* <^ llie ifmlTAnif Wi^t p*<ii tbr alLaCoi bairo 
bh*ii iil«a>k^tfad W Wra a oitrtaUiD Xmut* Ibt V<^' 



^ 



ALCTBIA0E3. 



h9 



<i:iaUluth^lii£ri-i]k<ntriD>iAp«4ln£ It uid nF^liAn^lnc 

thBTtfufw W Ml ijnd«<'jd*r|, Noraj^al] kl^'h^nitl* 
td bo f^ntiilrm] iinpuitort. M&hy liavir lii.l>Aiiivd, 
ttnikr lliii> wnllcUon nf tliit piftilulity ft nhtiii qlnj,' 
tbdrolijffOl, witb bidif>tl£«bfB paIInhh ami piiriLy 
tS licflit {ivIilcJi It wndUy iwointnrTiijcd by •ounil 
•l«llTialBte uthu jii4bcI[ikI nqulalto tor (Lc lUixvMi 
wt Ibair UbuunL iJhf-i^iiiig luun bAV4 ott<» otul 
■Irbym/ w li MHWk fctr t^i«iir nciTMouiUMVi. arrt hji ■ 

Maor p«iwiLii «v?Ti ui ivLif iin^-v, rtfttituto cf «ud«I 
tflieKiteU knnwicdp), li*vr Iv-rii led 1>^ oLd book* on 
■Inbym^i wliioh iJiev di<l nut uodflniand. Into long, 
■tpuuii^, uid fmitltMB lubuur*. EiLrhfrV> rheaii^iry 
livTVilt'ic^mlFnl III tjnftlilLTL^ lli»i prinnipliii h^ wliLcli 
afUlB 9n (f<tivv\. Uin Uw* Df tbi<lr pRHliiDtion. ihrlr 

lEfirfth ftfiil irllnMnentj tnd U feidiu£ ft latHALiin; 
(hii prvc^M \ft iihlKirt'. Doanequ^ri^ly ibc Uboor u| Ui<? 
Alfbnni'lf J' 1>ul ■ vnipluy LH lliw dark. 

AtflBUttEtf. Till* liujiciiiw lIpHik. ■nnrrF CliniM 
anil lliiininvh'*, wjih (icirn At Atljrmpt in l|in 8'Jrt 
Ol^mpUI. jk1>out 4Avi ti,!.'. Uv [nqb hia fhllirr In tfit 

oiUd til lliift faouo of P«fia1« falj unrdo hf hit 
nollKr^a aida. Ftriold wm V>o uudr on^pHT^ iii 
■dkimri ttalt* t« l>uitfl« lh«t oin npnn him vhich 

ddldlifvd A. iiliu«c4 the nana ^-'F lili (utun uhjkr- 
mMt. Oiip *Jfty whan ho «*• itlBwiui; »t dlte ^iLh 
■UTDC »iu] [i&aiojiB Sri |he lArvct. » H<i4t-^n eiuua up; 
b* r«(]iml<id iJku ■lii^'vr lu itinp, wl U» Latf«r rvfua^ 
inif^ A- thr■^lr htmnntf hffnn tliv iv^«l» vvdiiiimiitff. 
" Drlvi^ on, if tli^kij dunt/ H» «iArl]<^t *\ikf In 
anenul ud bodily ncivlnca., Hu boauiy and tilrthp 
And ti» Micb tlAtiiuJi oF FeniJc«p v""^*^^ ^^"i * 
ttAWludaof frkiidi aiuI /hLiniivrv uti.l liie rcput^itirin 
warn aJWt*! dy th^ liiuij^tiH^n m ^vhio}l he Twcvtriin 
IkicntvMt. Mr nv rntt.iiimf* tit imiinirng thf frrrn'l' 
iAl]|i nf Sonatn. vho flndfmvooroj to IbOil him t^j 
Vtrtuc. «ad ufHluuljicdtv (jUi^iwJ a ifnot DinQdenvy 
crerlum. au tZi^b A- ofUiii giuitvd lufay AtoiMinftn 
Inr lliB domp«iiy i-if ilia |ihiia«nplber. llg Ii'^hT'.- Armt 
fur tL* 1if«t Eidir in th* BCit^dUimi n^iinit I'l^tulipii, 
Will *»■ ffniimli-d ItivmLM, who foifgTit nt [»!« tul^. 
drfaider] him, arul led htm out i>f danger- In thi^ 
baUlv u£ DvliuiiJ liD 4«* tiuiuiii,- (lin C4iiilry nrlkJ wnd: 
▼kkiriuiia, liul llm hiUulri ^wiri); !i?btmi, hp tnv 
'fiblv**^ ^ A"* I*' *^^ '^ ^^"^ '^'■^' Jl^ AVDTBonk So- 
(TfetH, *r^ji? wju rwCrvntiiiE '■a fool, iu^iTD{ifui[r>d bim 
■Pd ptntf^t^l tiim. 
A* loDff u rieon Uvtd A- vju witttl only fur 
[uudJctUtv. uiil \\l\ ]14p1 nuii|;Eu in tln^ 
ti BlAte, (M the death ^f (1'v>n, (^3 u.t:., 
.4D09**iknl in mLLlnc a pwL4><> Ff<r i\hy yvmsn 
ihp AthvrjiAna ikTtd l.ri>^i>i^iKTi>rintitDii, A.^ 
oF llw iTiHuenw* *if \i<'lfn. »inl riCfrndnd be- 
llii Lwr[]|im4fnijUE*, with wIjulj 1]*^ wu i^4i- 
Mfsl*! by Uk' Uidi of liEwpiulJiVk V.ml iml ji|f|jlii:d Id 
foaWBlf«i nninc <Iii«itcrnnmpnt Wtw^n ihn two 

inntm vnti itTiilinvaAilrin I't Arhiom; A 

thtan B^Ui aiipuvnt f-i^CHl-A'Jll, uml iuft4ii7'l 

lOCimoDii] th^rvndflnlLnLkip U^t the AlfHrtiiniif 

pRMCrilv cnnilUii'iu to llmUk. Ilioy HunVir*] 

|im tn b** d|ifi'<1» i^i**i whnn <4l]jhl into ilia 

ibly, '!i»l»nid thH tlioy wn* withmit mrdsn- 

A_ rom imnt*hotf\y. Hf^n^r-d Hiphi 'd dl fMtli, 

kndiK^I iliv \ttiiMM:ui* b> forTii n-n nlUirni^ wiib 

An^ftr*. A hiv^v^h kIiEi tlic L'tL't'djcEnoTLJuTJii 

dn ODDBPiEli'nLw. An f-Miixia^kiltd k4?vcr;iJ tJEijiw 

Atb?riJAiL Dfnt^ uhlt*h d|n\(vitAli^il xhn Pclnpon- 

liut tfvn ifti-n Ji" 'Jtil ii4it fi'^'viii tfitm liuiity 

l4iMfej4tiitii, lo vblrb hp g>v« tiiii-mHf np pritiiyly 




iiJlrr Uft retuFD^ On ou« occhSou, nftor IcAving a 
uivtijnihl kttI ld LIjd c-jiu|4Dy <d watc fiiciidh 1^ 
tuid a nn^T til*! he vouLJ ^vt* tJifi Ti^^K lli|]poqicLjv 
1 box on llic ffflj, and b li«i did. 'j'liii ant inrLda a 
g:mt nofrt m lliic oit v. hiTl A wmit lo lh» mjiiir^l 
[ivty. Ihrdv nJT hw jfi^'^^'i^ ^'' "dk-rt tii'on hln M 
rv^riU.'v hijJitelf by wh]j>plnt; lilm njtli roJi. Thin 
L>p4n npfDtoDoeroiHiiLa'iiid iir(i|jiuLii:iji , bn nut uulj- 

Cfdimoi Uoii but e*«c hiui aFlcnvarda bii druifbur 
ippuvt* bi uwitnc^ witb a [»)Hi9a of tvn ulvnM 
liktif»ii£ £ti-l4C)» A,. hrtwnvT, >till mnlitiiird hia 
lijvu>i xiid pmli^'aJity. IIJb r<itraTaf&nw wu COD- 
"]>u;iioiiB Bl tbt Olympk) suod, wUcrr he entuml 
iJjo jlftdlum, nut Uko otbtrHohmojiiivIiJi mit uliuiut, 
but with M vun al a tJUia, Mid A^dpJ Hut finl, K«rnil, 
Ulrl fuurlh fritat, n.? 1SI, Hu nma tu liht^a Lhh 
vi(tnr, alaii^ ID th-* F^thuLTi ind Ninnn^nn ?i»iiii All 
ihin flrov uputi hlui the batrpd oF inAJiy i>l JiL* reUo»' 
ottiBditt, and hr mould htiva iiiAl-ya a >ai?iiliii: to ih'^ 
LtilTh'i^ni (<[.*■,) jf liB tifid ifotp iu driiivctitiu irith 
Niotrw and i'liiiiav, wliofL-^red a titniW falD, artfrilly 
L-orrtrjvcil Iri prwiiiv Ihn hiLri^*limi>nL nf hi* mniit 
fckmdrUhhi mcmr. StKin nfTrrwudn tfi? AclipHuf, 
!u thr Itiilaumv'nf A., r«ioK'iNi na la i^ipnlltlon 
4|i;idii*t 6itdV) Mid vlcvkd him cvitiiiiiMidct^ui'iiUicf, 
U>g«tbvr ^{ib KiDiaA and Latnuhti*. But, ilitnni; 
thv pnpuBtioui. it hu|ip(mal tma niubt ibat idl tho 
alAlii'w rtF Mon'Bry vnn ftmlcni. I'bfl mpnti'U fif 
fK. rhtugfii liiiri wi^ ili^ art, lint ivi^tpnrifvl a pnfilb? 
«i)CLi4iktu>Li till bi< lioil *vt ta\l. yi]nni tbcy fitlircd up 
UjF? irv'ido itfikiidt hlui tv nui^L ■ d<}>;ri*f ttutt I'd va* 
rcoallcJ. iu ordor lu Lm tnnl- A. hiid bocu vvry 
aufcuufii] io Sicily, v-b*i3 ha tT^tioLvvl th* urdor la 
r»tTin», Hf nh*j«L artrl ^mlmrliMl, liot, «n r"*«hmif 
Thiirii. d^aftnharkfd wid rjinrfal<*H hjinwH- Somw 
ono uklnt; bi(u. ^'ilow U tbLv, Aioildth'lr^f faA<o yuu 
Eio fuFidcEii^^ in your Li.<ujitry ^^' be fftiBwriml, "1 
wnnid not ttti*t my Hmlhcr wbriiiJAv life ij conocmcd: 
For nbn Tiii^ht by niJiUka Uku « hfiuik uEnhb tnataftd 
itf a nlMTi- nrt»- Mp Wju iinn'lrnkiii^l tn dpoith in 
Athene, and aiLd. iclivn the npw» mohf^d blcc. "I 
almll Khviv tba j\ thciLljina thu-i [ nm yetoLliD," Ua 
itDW ivvraC lo Aivs Lbam^ia tu flpuia* vbnv he 
m vbi biniBulf a fa^oiititi:' liy 4!DtifL>rm]fi£ dloaaly b} th» 
prvvnibnjf «trmn««ti at nmnnf^n, Hrrr hn ■mvwfltiL 
iri indiKnn^ tbn IjirndB^mninan" l'^ torrid an aLhaTinf 
with ibo ("onlAD Iclnfl^ uid lF^cf the anfortunabT 
i»uiT (if the AUiceiIplii t.-i|)DilitJ^iN JH;iiiii*li Hji^ilv, lie 
jircvmh'-l iiEL Lhcui if anUt ibu iidiJiVlLAnti <-^ Cbimi 
m OimKinj- ->fF ibo v*'kp nf Athene, IT" wnnt 
hini»ll tliLthi^r, h^id nn hk arrival in Aak MiniiT. 
mra'd iho wholp n| Uptiia f> 1nBiirrf^rli»kn Pb-r^inft Ih" 
Athenian*, ^nd did thciu «in»1i1er&b1c lirjury. But 
A|[i* uid lliF |jruii:t|)ul kndtn of til* l3|4Hafi4 Ijecaiuv 
JcAlaii* of liim uri AUEnnint of bi> iiiidcivb. uid i^riTfrnd 
tfcdt aanimjindvri in Aativ tn caiu* Vm, ia 1h buwuin- 
ainl. A cii4phT[tf<t thfjr pUti, nnd xr^nt (n TivdA- 
l>hflfTi(^ A iVrihMi Mitriip^ wfin iiiin ^rdi-rc'l tAUct iti 
oaiLCvrt A'ltb Uip EALvdn^LmiEiTauBL llciv ho (Lniiavil 
hi* iu:hLmE.'n ot.t*: miTc, iuli]|jt«d tti? luAHEii-itft habJla 
E>f Ajiin. ami imdcTiitotid htiw to utakc liiimiDlE iuJia- 
^innblti t* thu i^tt7*|»- Ai ha ojul*! iim |t*ii^ Iniat 
iJ|p LruTdnHriiriiiiBniilwiimli-rVmk J/iB-fv^' hi*r*iiMitrT, 
tiid mltnTvi^il 'E'iBuj'h'Tii'^ i.ltttL U uiirt iiLjnihfl Ihi* ln- 
u.T-'^t •>! Vie Vi^^'iiiu kjuii lu itL?[iifB i\iv Atbmiiuid 
ontirclvi but ibak ^pjut^ junl Abbpn* (x'l^ht V* t« 

!»r«*iTrvcy| f.ir llioir rniituiJ injury, I'UaBphnneH 
allouwl tliic lulvicv, Hid aff^rdpit tha AtbvnUna aota* 
n-hr4 'Vhf latti-r hjul a^ thai lini<> nirundrrabl'' 
f*>roT» 11 T^iiiifiK j\, «nt word in ihptr commandcre 
LbtiL if the noviLtiohifUL'ie of i]\v iirupic Aiu PugiprnHnL, 
jiud the- [fuypiurui^iil |."eV iuiu the liaud" nl liia iiuUcN 
hf yc\iild pf*«iirn faf thuai lh« (riund'hip tl Ti««*- 
pbfmBi. ihd jir"»-»nl tbt jonolidn nf tho l*hmiiaiiiu 
niid |jui><l»nKinian flpfta, Thudrtnard vru);rant*ri, 



h 



■nil PutnHcr Hfit it* Athani; tiv whon mvAVrt thm 
tp^r^rnmvrtt nt ti]* f^tit v^m pqt inCA thi^ livnU cif a 
ojiiriclt ut IDO fiHtoui Luc. 431), At, fiavrt^ir, iho 
MJiiiHjJ tlivwvl iio Ihluulkdi bo ntaJL A., Ilia Btibj 
of 8*flm die*c laini ibar otmnundcr, ud talutTfaetE 
loih ia 03 Jinctty to AlIhih. «iii orsrllmir tba 
y/ftr ort>i* IjTUiU |l« iriih^l, howvffr, tint '.■* 
tt/tam t:> Ju> Mnoliy KIott- he liiul di>r» It «nine 

Ih* Aivl vf llxi LdOdliDtiuuiuiik Wbiu Iw rvLunwd 
Id 'Hpnaphinrfa. tha Uitcr, ib cjrdo Qpt to afpttar 
» |MCt]H|ubit^ in tikff »Dt, «UHd Unto M mr* 
Kh3«(| la SfLnlU. Utjt A, fmind IHHIl* •« *M»p*l 
pUnd Tiinutlt $.1 tit* luad of (h» Atbtnlika irmy; 
ceaquqpod iLc LiiOKlvimiiilftrii uul tVnivi* 4L 
Oyucua, 1i^ >rj and laswl; lonU O^ikiia* ChnJKduu* 
tfid E^Tunitiuni ; t»lnr*i3 tliv •ovofuteblT of iha *e» 
to t^« AtlunUn*. Aikif r*liim«cl to i» ^JiMrf. 
«tUtt»P h» bhil t>iwii ToctllHt oa tho nolino al 
Oltlui. IIq vu rri.vjvi^l With ^mnni aiifaiubiitn. 
Idt die AiIicuUb* uuidduvt his eiHe th» cauh of 
«1L Lliviruvf-dlujii^ Till rvciinlt of ihm proDBtAia^ 
AgMJvt bin in«o vmk ia th» bw, LS« piro|Wrtv wu 
HMnvwl. tod h* »■» toad* oowBiuiiltr uifihM l»U 
^ Mft 4A4| In^ Hot tlitt Ipiunph »u nl •hnrt 
dnwUDTi Hdvu Kfjt with 100 itLti^ ti AiU; but. 
BAt Wiiy vtppLiciI iviUi iriunDj bi jar lu" vlitirrtiu 
b* aftv &UIHU undsr tbv nMiitf vl twkirig bvlp 
fai CktiOk ftad cooiBkUtod tho ooiDiiuBd ft* AQiuHdiuiL 
«^ «ia dmvn ]ntr> ■ anM fcy LyiudWr ud kii 
Ut llf* ukd ft p^n of hli ibiiA Tb* tmtwim of 
A. ImpMiVMl IhiM finjiArtLmity La uioniw hSA, juid 
piooir* bb nnovM fmn offlov (it.c. 100). A- 
wbdI to hk fartUM duulc \n di« HmdAa Chtr- 

TbrHiMA, Ua Qbtupcd ccmClamUo l»«ly, unit 
•DCUf«d Iha qakC of tb* ntighlMomii; nfwk cit^n. 
Ttu Albf.nUn fWt wai^ at ihul llui* ihr\ Jfir^v l.^inf; 
>t 4E»<PoGani|. Hi polnEAl oui io thft i^fnemii 
1^ iImiu wUdi ihiaBlrinwl thtiu, mlviaAt (htm in 



M to AmIiMt ami odWred tni awutAiiDO lo fonai tho 
IdndivmaaiHi |fMi*nl Lnamla* tittivT to figbt «r (a 
MkTtMfc RDtUL«^ilHMtll*Mat»|ilni, «Bd«Mn 
aiur HA totidi* d«fMi«J. A-p faantagtb* fomrcf 
Ui* fjiA<4vnc«uii^ babnA hlmitlf lo JMtbnli^ aud 
■•■ aUMit b> HO to AiiAaiBMjm to |rocun tilj mmltU 
tmtB to* Iw CDunl^. In thn miunDinn, ih* l^nrtr 
^tikabi, whom LjMndflT, »ft-» Uin <«fttipe "I Atlim*, 
htd Brt lip th4*. m|QoaM lb* Uttn M otqtt A. 1o 
hv AMUuitatf*! Uot t^frntu^r dacUnad. until ha 
TOalvv-t Aa uFvItr to tiw aMM aflbn fmm Ui awti 
n*canc«l lla iLvn duui^l riiuiBl«fu« with 
IH viQsvtim of it, A. wu bt lliAfa tini« witli 
liowiiidrm, bia mWt faai, in & caall* !• Pbrygia. Tliv 
aaaatanta nl Fhtfnhhuoiw vat tr« to lua hmuv; and 
bUlcd Un vlt)i tbab- »ffni«<^ whan ha b^il tlnttdr 
nc^«d 1liaeenlUcn^r<>n> Tlmittiiln bnrW tha bnl j 
wMi Jut Irtnour, Tbw A. ffidoJ bk Ura, 104 ftxX, 
»tH| fiDf1r>AT« j MH <d(L H* waa mdiiWpl Itf 
B*1ur« witfa dlaUs^aivbad ^vaKlica, a eu« taJont to 
eapllvabt aad tula nmn, anil aannisicn ^Inqams*^ 
anbofttfta b» tottUi vm pranoaBoa r, aad Mnttvad; 
but WmcI no &»d ^nndj^ ami aaa povwufil ititly 
kg ntaaal aroamalaaciaa Ha ■» witbtHit Lh*t 
•Mvallda «f asvl «rU<h atcadlljr pnmn tho ji^ib t4 
virtot: mhaalj^bafiihapoaiaaaai that oonJuH* 
wtddi ariaf* Irtm oxudonviMa ef npannnly, and 
iridiA ihrtaka fnai im flifftrully. hacaiia* alvajv 
o«aUMt«r««mM; FbitardiandConidtaNapti^ 
aneafl «ha Hdaati^ havi- wfUtni bla Ufa, 

A fCBH tfti a ■unuuix ut Hmulaib ukhSt dcdfol 
raaathtMBBiBdf bi> ^-nadUtUr Als^ O* AUW 
w AmpvifaBii 

AuCEKwa; aAd tn ha«« brvti a Ma; nl a« 
k Ilia Llaal >air atOad CW>k Bb 



gBnlfloia Law immnrtaliml hi« Tnacnmy Tb* fruia^H 
m wliiah HnnifT <liw<rlh>* lil» h^pltbEit/ tnoml 
U]>iKK aod ibfl afduit <ln^ r>f the latUM' to («fli 
hij jioiuD, bra iLkUBL LnaulifuL lie v«a a i^r&uilaui nf 
Ffeptiinu. Aivl t3i« fiLlbur of Sanvwuk. 

ALCimRiHK : UiaUKintdi'tiniftiubAdof tboCHTraati 
apistolarj wntvn, Snihitig u ktiuvn nf bia ht*, and 
oim hit Offf !■ unrrrtaJn. It \m pmltaMc lint bo be- 
liiuir* U> tbe Muiiid tmLiirj jiTIdt Chr!>L Wv tuia 
]]OrvlitLuuiikttc:*bYliiui; ilM^uliivftcif AbldiMvuia 
to bi, to n|«iH:Eii llic ULAnUDCiik thfiiiGbti, aiul facl- 
tiifi of avrtun rODaH^T^mu^l otwaM in l}i# frt* 
dcini]Diiniimtin:i<4'^i]it,r4iU7intin'9nvn#. Tbo^vf^ton 
^ih^flcl^rtvAmTprraenieil taheBiboFmcn. wiLntrV' 
men. luiaoitca, uliI liuUcriDu Tbc« fatptcA tun db- 
iiuui]iib''^[ l>y puiitv. drvnwH, nnd ■iiai>IicJtir ^ lut< 

i^u^ vul »(}-]<. tirinif vTiittHiD in c^wlJcpt Atl^o 
Ir^uk. iUct •di^oot, .Svilvr {I«<4p% Itt&tfl ; *fui 

AiX'd.ti^.N : iha aon of AmpliianLiu and Krlphvl* 
(V t^) uf AruiJf; dioain cliii^r Elf lb* laum Rjij^iiril,' tn 
vhiub f3|4dt]r ba took aeiiI draUvyc^ llwU^. 1114 
fabbeVf C^"C to w, obarEvd A. to pril U:> dcjhtb 
IM[thTlg{ vphfi bod l«U*r« hbl, He ilid af^ ud 
vu pirwirct li^ tb^ fori**. An or$itlt Manacil liim 
tlukt. 1(1 Aupo UioiF vdn^tuifTi, bit rriLut mftjriK to ■ 
liiid k-bicli «ib iu>t In tti,iUiiK» tvLvn lin vtkb (iijthhI 
h\ UU luiitlivr, llf at l«t ftiuud rwti for a alnrt 
linHv 'in HI itloin'l in Uio rivar AobaloHj i^u» b« 
nubFiJvd i'aUiirbtfi^ iba davghlapof iha i^od of th* 
Tlrtr, afl0Fn]iudlaAlngbiaf«tiDar vrfaAi^D^. But 
ba did nnt wag ^)°/ pcaca. Aft tba Tw|i]Mit of hii 
vifn, Irt nUEiiipi^l i<> aaodTtr tba AUaJ uattUuauf 
Unrmmi* fiam hiH funMr CUbaT-to'law, ftbaprloat 
rUli^gA, «booMndhhBtob«iDordfr*<] by bLifOTm. 

AultAHi aOrartan pott^ un ol a S^krtAn *[aifv 
bom al ^a9tUB, la l^im, almit OlO jou* ii.e Ho 
■mntifl Ui bnvi; tiyed. fov til* miit [wl, in ilpai^tA, 
n'btrc he obuJstil tbe rifhta al clUvjubip, He aanf 
Lviuui, t*'"^"*< *^<' lAhri l^fiica] ]xvniai lu tboDoTw 
di/klcct. abd ^VD tbrnr puUahul fHjrm to tbc^a hUwr 
kidiii of p^*^- 'J^ fumainSng fragnvnta v ha 
win;:, ^m ocllKited by R 'rh Wcicbi* ^GiaMti, 
1«]&. 4b>i. 

AuHES-i ; tho iUaibIiXct III ElwiryuB, and wlf* ot 
Aiu|ibiL(t(JU. Juiijuv luvtii )A'r. aud ditsntti] bcr 
br (LBiitiiULf- tSd laini of tcr bu'lmfid- Fmin ibia 
onfinBaliLtiij vihioh o>Alia[i«d fnf tbmi aight*^ ^tr^itf£ 
ItoravlH. 

AUncK. Jciiiv. aur?«aaiTv]^ Mtb<Ti of ICoobivfjfr. 
Woreeiter. and Kl>p and fimudat at Jcrna CnU^^ 
CutiliriiJiir. ni^l <<f Lbn Emii^niar aehval a( Kioofebn- 
iipnn^HuU. imt a pirUifl nf ibv Idtb cvCFtunr, da^n' 
fuhhal a* a patron of l^u-nin^^ £|« difd ID l^tOO. 
Amoffi bi< wr>rl« ar* **fl^y* rnnf* tfff tlHyViifWf 
flioa CAmidi I'a ^norlu a/Huf /frzmnif. HRDh ttii. 
3fofti iNa^isctfoaef, 1501. 4t<L .UAuTm .Vnnra, Ac. 

AL O o a OLi tba partly f|flrituiqM pivi c^ idt UituMs 
that bavfl vrnktatie vtoaw ftmHOtaUna aaliatlul 
ktf diitillailAO. It a Ika^ oaknffa* li^aU, (4 a* 
agraaaU* omQ, aift a •tnng pungviK toala Wbia 
bniHlr' vbWiy, aad oibar aprnlamta Uqaan. tlum- 
mIvt* d»l4l3r4 ir^BV cmdar laatariBli^ arv ■i;adi dt^ 
ulind, bkfblv TTilalila akvtvd la tbvEiat piodmd to 
j4Mn^, li># klK^hal thin obtaiCHd vnnuiiw iniKh 
vilraaaVDa mattar. IntlodiTic a prvfiortiao <d «vtor, 
(roEU tba lUataa hl^jh aa ?0 cr SA rrF«iiL. add tlt- 
emoaliig gtaaitj m tlit proi^isaniiALtiEiA. Chanoal 
M»d CMbantta oS ■■"da, \-ai i» iU* Ivandy ur ulbcr 
Uqa*^ fonkbtu wiih ud niuu ih* find <^ tm^l 
atvllc aidd U o^^taho. Tba pivdn?! tbaa oUauHd 
hf diillUaillDn la aallad nrt^/M tp^tt « fy^Wft '/ 
iriM. ftbl (vtrUimfrDin SB toSfi pvmttt-nf alodnt]: 
tba nd UtAi; natar. l^ta mt** inay Whaid WK 
^VlacW»t^ U(|«Br to la dtaiUfad ivtoMato aJ 



ALDOilOr^-ALDEOOXDl^ 



CI 



F«4uh, vtill |iowi]c*vJ quicLlim*! c« dried flliUndt of 
CMMam. uid in (Uu wqlit ticofiat mHjF ^ ntuiii*d 
wrVaiiBU'lj piin^ Thn BpHifiri (p^vilj of nJmh>«L 

VAl^tf h flDuUlu dcQMKa. Tliii ;>n;i|ialj m 4UJU' 
VCbIhI toMof llie »lo<ilki4i« ■Irmftb uf liqiwn tlul 
DHilHft «ini/ altfcOio] juid whIat; but «n acootiDt cf 
th# cuiuliniiilinii that iiiwuJi^jr ULk« plaivcn tke 
mlxbini ^ ttiMai ti4n 1ir|RiiW, 11 i^ui hr npplW nnJji 
Itt coDiKnltiD TJth pptcLol tnbln o[ refcrcnn, or bj 
la— wi of UL iii>Ltmjiaul t(rwbllx »Ja«l*J fur bb« 
puqHHt. lSnJfdpJb2m<«ri-.) Bj^ntpi3SatiHM.1iai 
lb* iptdfip gMVt^ of aJoBh^l «u ■aniljrb*r«du«d 
lata«'£SSaiaO' FAhr.; bjrtobaa^imi4*vvvhlarlir4 
of OkldinD It niy h* rrdund tn 'TV4 : u It utuftlly 
CKdUa It I* BLout '5^0. If i|iir]t« uF wlrir, iif »|ji4irK< 
nmTltj ^8tI7. be iiu.'IuacO it! a Li1el4i]4X mui i7^[ii*cii 
UrtOiuc limo lu itv *4uoiiphrTBt put of ifin wtV i' 
€CptaifH aBC*p*4 tiiKtiigb tbo pMm *d thv blvM^r 

rsddCBd to 'MT. [TDfJcT A hUkHnctrlc prt*iurc o( 
Wi IucIkb, ik^JiuL btilta aE 173' F«liL : la klir tx^ 
hwMd n«ein« «| hi *ir-fiUEup It lr':'iia at unlliiiikrv 
IMI|hMhu* Ita ovactUkiou liu Ticver tcI htt'ti 
dboWl, Ibw^ FuvJiLY fldbjijdtMl it to ixtamprmtLin 
Vi -IW, TbJK prnppily rviulnn it vtiltnUit* tnr iiu> 
In ttMraKunvtotn W vvry Tnw tompcrAturr^. AU^i^tioL 
tavKUvndjr tarlferuQiftbb, utl buiiM vthh ft |«lD<tpliH9 
iRM, MM«cl^ ^UiUd ill bntflil clkvlitrlik lb vccA' 
iAn* iu fiili[pnoui Ji^»r^it (ii^un nilM4u«M bold OT«r 
i^Add t^H |»r(Klu£U of lU comtnuOkn u« Mrbmia 
■eid mnr] vil^r, Mif wnifht, 4^1 xhf i«it«« onttildAnUy 
cscenllnif th^t of Ulc ilci^Uol AnuuTnt^l. Ao^nllng 
to SftUHuiv, juii » loo (uuti iif aJi^JkiI hOun]. tvlirji 
bumed, I3<i pArlAuf w^tcr, Tlir iicid^ w^] imirKmi 
l«il which il ^r« (li]rii< EHimliii^tiiin mAkflu h u 
ValiuhU trntt^nal frir lonijtiL — 'VU- octi^irt t>PtwnTi 
ftlfnAukl Add ■mi'- nt thiiir'<t*i'U. p^rfieuljirly ptAtutuiu, 
li Rfit«rk4hle. Wlrnn n imAll junri' irf ihln plRtinNin 
ladL wifKtiilnl Uy a w^in^ in liE*ltfL by tiqiJntliu|;^ 
■od thm c|wck!j' V"i iiito « ; Iom in vrhiA ttrtcv U a 
littlfl ■inhoE, «»> th&t it »hkll nm4iu Jul <rtcr hlie 
wrfa«», and 4if coiind in Xhu ^apmir kriuiJi; fjuru tiic 
■Ittukol, It contlnirt trU-h'it u Ic^iiij ni lluirv w mj 
laid Ln the jv. Tlib i* (js*iii^ h> uic v^p^Mir niiricr- 

I Id kfcp iho m^UJ jn tliat Jitota. Thu vlion 
^Bbldl th« maniianf tnmikiiijf a tftnq> nntluiiit fiamc* — 
^^M* utniiia iul«tU)P<« vhn^L^JiiiiQijjiioBte c^Jouf 
i^ttaflftias«f nlmhol; ttvra lHtrun<* poiiL it noniLi^c* 
m man Hat; iJtta laijari* U> ii u |H;adi ar pale 
*w«i cvlbur, hBrium Hhlt* a Wlo^Jj} |jn<«u. mii 
AB»M«lRfiibHftcriinv(iaoolni]r; ctipnouH Hhlu jfivp^ 
ft ■ fiq* gT**n lintr*^ - Alanhcl iliaialvfla pu» »dft uid 
fntuia. bnt it rtrM nnt u^t upon tlulr «r1»iuAc*; 

■ D im ojutlj. tf the liktter UmludwibhalMbfllfDn- 

wmtef. tile IJifkuir i«Mnccii iaiD two EViTtli^ca, 

ttppcir b»af felculiu] dapriyod la & oooaadrirnbltf 



oat ot wutr, abil ihv Jdwpt lb« ibiilHVi «diitioiii 
ifaawlwDAtv. Thfi al<cd;to]b <>(>lutE<in of «auatt0 



Ut Tvi iidmoHt'i t'ltrfirft iff taft'ii". tt l» iihuiI fur 
|RfliNiuf |iipUnA.-wALu}lul diiBulvp* l1i* umkbvr 
BUBbauttliriKiiW It aIhotIb lujiuy Buttouc WUe& 
il dviHlTc4 thn iVKflUhlo ac\63, t^ie volatQa uUi, 
thm mtBf^ tAA, and dtiaotj^* mkllor, uJ lunny oF 
the HOpi; Ifa* ST"">'^ mrnilwr of tli* l.ml uib hf* 
tafam MP hr it fri ini.xll ■jiL^TtitinH r^Tily, hnl wpm )iri> 
dJBfttififl wvIT' Thi? (niiijHwalou Elf ftlL'iiliol nH 
faniB<llLiloT by Lavumui jtuii Do CWiuHire in iIjv \toi 
MMtef of Ibo Imi oujlury. hL^ 100 putt uf |jur 
Jptfcjl mrvfviiod t« cvnUib - li^drtfirtp 13-04 l ayr- 

C,l|«l>, Wb«Q alcultnl In mjbniitwl tn tJkntUUtinn 
Mb CBfUln Mhb tt peuuIUt cominMinJ it formed. 



olUd ttXtr (f.f.). til* dliTcfvnt «UiOn tnliiff di*tlb- 
p^ijJiifel Ijj thtOMDtfci th* (MdtaikpluTtdin tboit 
prnpEratlods 

AunrtDUimn: im iTumuvrnt anittnirrSfd en 
Ihc pn]ici|>Jv tti t1j« hjunmiciirr <7 t.^. tn ilvlvnnih? 
trcia UwK»cifit:i;nr;^of tfiiiibiou Uifuun t^ iurr* 
«ntfl^ of ftlnbil (Wf^ «iipUin {tn AicfJioti, \he 
■i^l* marftlng dlnei^ (Ix rw^uif*d prupoitiuti^ U 
Ibi' UqiiDT ooMaUi UTOiia; bvVLkv V'l.tvr vid adicubal, 
jjiYvlnti difitUljMlDA it AMvawy. 

ALOOiLiV. 8nJr«ran. 

AunriuA, Dulw «t £w (7#ff?p. 

ALcri^ or KLiCCV AlUKok on EoiflUudui, r»- 
iwitnA] in bbi wa fir LianiiiiB; th* ^mUduit, Ib- 
fflfutiUtr. Mid »dvlWr nf r^iwIeiiLtfiiir^ Btf wv pro* 
lalily Luru In YLtfL Ln 7^^* fci^d au aOucaUd uiiJef 
Liii; ULJD of An'hlfipJ|i>(> lIjcWrL rujii LU *ul^(t*h*i 
Af1L<r(p yiilt ^vhuu ho >*ml to lie (.'iTuliacPt, ia»d 

■r?h«t| si Viirk- KBiinif ganm tn lioin" tn linug 
hniQf thr pullmm tv« /^'n/fifunt fnr Bmbrnt^ tho who* 
crHOT irf j\cJ)>rjt, C'liulFmufut liAdkiut v^uUtilod 
vilU bJ(n iu rEifUJo. i>u Ilia rclUTQ ; faritBd him, iu 
'S2. to lii* outfi, uiU nihlo ii« oC hk Mrrlse* Id Iu 
uiuluavotar* to cLviLju hui aulrjccti^ la lit* nyiil 
arr»>E#ihy h" niu(<WlH| Ho/nu ^'6iJiifji, T0 Htfiirw 
Ib'^ bfiirltt ol hU iTitCriJiTtjniifi, Chftrlrlrwi:!!'" wtAb- 
tiddicd fit Ids iiuurb a kIxioC, oJlcJ «!ifiliu'a /^iifurMia. 
(IT llo l^iJtiic HL-bLul, Aod intrmttd Eum witli llw 
vLipcfutflridBnn of murfla] moniiBtariHt ia wliuh jL. 
wsTtod hivnglf to (Eiff lit* a knewUdff* of th«n*cML 
Mmt id tbv tiilinili in Krwii^i vrwrr ttlh'i'r fcmndcd n? 
Improvhl ty him : Ihtu bo founded tbo fdiool tn the 
uIpIkv uf <3L 5IehUei uf TuuEi. iu TVtf, sf^ thr (ilut 
(jf thu ncHnul kLi Vcirk- Hv hltUKU btUutLcJ & W]fe 
niimbfr of HiiliJaUt-i in ihiv aolionl, wlm ofEi^r^itjiU 
■i>pr«d til* li]fkt4( lnuf>iii[r 1hm[]f[li Hwnijiirp at ihy 
I'tttnkf. A^ Uxik blA If4ivi»<if llir rourt In MJl, i;riil 
luUru^ tA Uv ftl>Fi*7 r>f ^C, Mutln ofToun^ but kopt 
vp ■ vniLitAAt vurrmfoa^axB with Chula ta IJut 
t;n]i} of hb d«alh in SD4. Bb kft, botda dm? 
t>iti<kij>i4iU vriliAi^ wrflMl DlamEmtiuy ^nurlv m tliv 
Lnimlit* iif phUoaophy, rhrtorici. oiid |»hi^<lo^ ; n)"> 
]-r^iiu, (LUiI « luijff TifimhtT ot kLtfin^ HjC st^bi at 
v-hitih, liEiAfv-iir. k uob (ilcaiku, Aod plainly batnp 
thd uiii^iLU''i>l«l thuauUTot lEii i^; nvvarlLalaB. 
b« B ackiii)w[«dK«d ** Urt niovi Ifuacd Aiid pfiUebHl 
Dua of Lb tdma. B« uadoMAod Latin. GrMiL, ud 
H?bt«w^ iliA b«l vLillcia of Ua worlu It itM 
piibliinbed U tULiibon (IfT?. V VelL f«lin), Sm 
huTOi^t Li/pt^A. tialiiJaLcd lato iCliffliih (LatuSs^ 

laari. 

Aa'UKJUJi.ur, or tJi« iivlft rife, bi utfvamy. n 
■iv a| Ili4r tirtt DiftgTiJti>pI« in tlid nouKhvra vy« of tll« 
cnnji1«^tJ)i.tir>n TurirUM, By tbn tpieiruni ftii»l?«U A. 
hita hwa fnioid Ui Kfuttili lUilUiiftjy , Ltmuubht 3niQ, 
iu*rcuiy, byilnni^i". ptHliuLU, oil'iiuiii* 4i:. 

Al^EaOXDE, PUILTI* Vt.tt M>TLXIX, Bftlrm Mntit 
Ste., kvu Wni ia Bnuwli, I&HJL, and atiulivd m 
Cvn«va, vhtTv 1» t^vame knCmihtr witli I 'rtXrin t-TtH 
nn ftdhcfflit r.f tJin TUafcinfirtlioB. Ifc dftv np. Iti 
ItWD. tbr Avt i>t Cunpniuiirr, aIuvL t^uH BJi/^id \}y 
Cuuut LouIb nl Samu* llfi^iy "^ BirdnrctJc, Ukil 
utbart, faud van dinolfd ftluofly Ap,!Uim^ ihti intra- 
dimLun d( lb« Jnqulhltlua iutu Tb« >flbtrldniU. It 
n-m- vr^ciib], liowdvor, by Uil- tt-^^ctjI MnT^nrrt, In 

lam AU'*wTin:-l. Ml, A- !!*■(], wJih lU fMpndicf 
tbp Pjlhce uf OrAii|£i\ Ut Gaimui^. anil rrtLirucd 
yilt,[i tTiciJi as tLrir IvwhdlJii- cogikmlior- Iq 1£73 ko 
fcJl luiKi tti« hikaJs vf lIl' Sfianludflt at Maosti^t 
4w afiur^Ardt vicliauBuit, and oouducttd in4py 
iTiplimiftlie niijfDiijLtiauk ul ibd yonng rupublir ultnail. 

Up rlt<f'>ni]Kl Aatvraru a \itn^ linini. thii"i;b mil tii^ 
(«flafdly» He WJitvd U) nabliiUuiie Um uaiTsniiy 




n 



ALDHHVDE-ALDl^K EDlXHJ^■f^ 



ntn^iul, inBsniHdiBU Wwuru h hhJ (te mdd, Th4 
nuAv, Ilk* *Toi>bal, btothoi bonntflidcdlo tionolo 
a dim nf bodUvL Ononuiii di^;yil* !■ dsrlvhl 
tnaa iidiit of win*. Along ultli nttitfr fnixfu^'i'. Ii/ 
otliliMliifj, llw mditflt luitlKitl IhJuu Ut ilintll iJjn 

'tha pTHliicC After pftitid iiuHOattloii. ii nift^« t^t 
a>rfit4n0 witL uumrtril^ ud Au purlfled u^ttJIbL- 
■uriaiuurr l« liiitUM fr«ai nlpilmmadd uLd piA!- 
ni<i1 Alildlydf^ u pmpBHd. U » ulourfau. UTapdil. 
>rj|jiitilix mil] ianaaunaKlit HquliE. with ■ (Hvullur 
(ilivn.\l «rilgiif, irliklj J< mjrlnraUuij wlitii ttmo^^ 
•Dii^J fpffdAc ATftYiiv 'Tfi. It i?xh]iHB bt «r, «ip«- 
tbillj lBtJn«i»ofi>l*tiiiiiiri blade Mid [acoovcBM 
Into wtw aHiL U nphUj if40D»po*wi udil* <kf 
■flim; ()<iqjaritkiiv n tjHIlUiit film <if lEiHtiillJEi «i]ifMr. 
AilTUitV* la tA^"!! of tiki* (ivurilnii kii nlh'iiiiii/ 
nif-fftl iflMi iiirlHWn It DiIiiaA In «11 |>ro]'ortiD^id 

IkMund onldF Urt^fivmw. uvi fontufly inc-Jivkid tn tlui 
■am* ifBDUi »■ tJiA Umh, bai ilininnf aWi*d frem U by 
lufiM); fuht 4bujitui Anil a fiuil iffiLhuuli wtodi. lb 
ooiKirtu of ircn ADil tliruU inhalnline tb* tMiptnbo 
ud wldiriv^ou d bbo plDl«. Thfr covjiDon nMtr 
{A. ^mtiikOM] w A ti«* wliioh grcm* lu wet illuALi'ih*. 
ialdi*dMEn(ulitiHl to«itpt|lowidt4tflJkal*^gbrHrLi;kirfl, 
tol«>«|iiiiiy nfimiiliih. wavwUmmUcI^ jujiL iLowny 
■I llu brucliinf nf iln tviiM btiivllL U m cinjiniini 
lA Ifartpfl ud Aai«, hkI tfar Uiikt?!] Subn of ArD?ri'4, 
HH<r«ut fow iiKiuuof boLI<ur(*jD|<lDyin^ Bw^iaf >r anr] 
QKnHV gfomda. ibaa W j'UDtJn^ ilwm wiih >klcn; 
Air. Klthaayb tho (^wtb <-f Lhii*H t»n ■■ tkiI nyvi, 
UiD iiHi tn whloli Ul'v UtT it[i[tlliubln a(o nui-li at 
AH'pIy t4 ^Dlii]>?ii«Al'j W till ■lowivvi wjtii wttldi ll^x 
OlfUu^ b* wi'TcvLiijiL Tliv winfj uC tlic tlilet, mIuuU a 
ill grvit dflruuLi] r(Tin4<:liiiif.rr, i> f [rv^iindtlx "^^^^u^'l^t 
iiittkfTiffi for mill- whWa, v it !■ iwnulurlj- blxitt*! 
hv all kinf)4 nf wnrk which if* tn n* bvpt ODHrianiJy 
In w>i?r. It i» (nnmitmtly iiu4 Inr puinp^ iJolnf^ 
pitp«i. dnlu. khil evntlulu of dtflTviTTil dwif j>Llon«. 
4Lid fi*r lliD fuuriilidiim of buQiUiiCA titu^kd ici 
twfeDTpj. }'or thc*c [niiiHHa^ it Ia* b«an uiuch c^al- 
IjVAlvd in Hondtf* anil Hnllonii, It i^i eoamianly 
ifAHJ icre Lililani, Hkivfirri't «t<n^JiP^<]«, fklr»iijfhmhPt's 
iJijjf^ Jind AunwTnun arU<l« of inmniy wirr. I'ljk 
wool a]» tenm for it>«uy duuiniiv viU tut^i uka. 

oWosaI r&r gunpowdflt. Tlw rool» miJ knola fumJBh 
h btvilxfutly-twmnl *'fi-xl, luwly i»f tJ»n «»bur <d 
niahk-iaany kitJ v«t| kitupMl ttyt fnt-mh-i^'n-iik 1^hi* 
b&rti 1J14V he idTano^^uil/ ukiI In tbc u[icnticini 
v( thuniiHj vid kvilm'dnjoliitf. iuhI Uy tUlivnubu fijr 
■lalBJim Ibdr Dcl(^ Ttua jnd th« wnnf ^*ip> "■ 
■WMtimw *ai|i^oj«J tb djrvih^ uaj jntTj di&TWtt 
•kflaa tf jctlnn niul fwl, Th* I jpEui'Icn T*HfW tli* 

Mihlh* AlivatliLU prwlutnL Vi'iih lite •ddltMm of 
Ovpptm'. it ti<M* • LJuck dfc, vaI bt ■ vdsidinlila 
«>Mil iiicolaunDCtHtton In iIid H lihlHifU af 8roi- 
lithi), W* atq il|fnTm»d lt«t J«1IP£ lirthoJita of th« 

nli^vf. mit ilikvq In th« miTHJUT, t|ir*fcl fv*T tl>t luM^ 
ui<1 li-Fl dtinng th* vmliir to dnw/. nrr foOoA to 
■mw^r UiB ]iur]iuH of inaiiytv. Tbc Troll |iithr*al 
Wii-Mii, liHajf cn*w*d nllb & glulin^iik luivlm, ami 
«aU lA ba >oiH«liBMi AUionHwd v^tn (Icon ttAmtntw 
iLmt, wloiA I— oiB<' Htaof^ in Jt. ■* tinl* «h vhlB 

lUld'UlML 

ALUcamic. m tha hHimI Knglitili ar An«li>fl«9oA 
AiMtiw, h*>iu fofd^. filiirr, uxl boa. waa It* 
Ikk ^TC« UnillK 1^ A<it:l»Sa«"U b" |>rr»ri^ 'pf 
llgb taak. IVva**p><**7'i**^''<^ ^ LaUncMut, 



thofnrfil or^ffWof iJw Ducp (ithli^fi Aflrrtlie DaaJBhIi 
timui HiiiiffrtnlAl iLt, lUiO tlic trn'vr Add uiir^vr' uf tJui 
Kruilu, T]i4i iliL-TdK-n Avi?nr nt finl i^nvciiiun cf 
t^nimtifiL iuihI vn* Ddmittci l^ito tl^-: iTk'fFrnuyfKivr, tv 
j^nlftnuiH^il <J th» hat><in; gftvu tliuir niqu»t &»tho 
puljlic itAtutf*: Isipt onW timriitp ihw f mthi 'l-kn at 
llu- 4;(pitiit^ nuirtf : nnd Ln tiiti** M wpir iij>[u<Arfyl nt 
i\iu lnqui uf llu luiliUry funu u| tlitir kliim, Thry 
ivrm Mt ttiHL npjiffiiiUd bj iko kirik'- lu^d \me<i nffi- 
rojuJk iV:t«i hv tht tnmwuMv* of thr. phire ; Ki firrt 
ibi^ i>ffl(v W4i doKnc )rnr>H bohi^i'ioiif, liiu flnAlly \*t- 
fuuo htnthtMry. L^m dnv^'o-^'^im;'* ^ A IdMTAisin. 
At pptaani. arBChfltoAB uudAtf^l viith liiv nAyatot a 
vit;^', for tlv iu-lriiliiulmtli>:i vt llm munldjiAl ^wnn' 
niuiiL, lutli in Kiii'Ujiil AJitl tlio I'liilivil i^U^v, lu 
■cm* p]A«« ibaj B?k A* ]iiiJk« ^ wrtAin vlviJ and 
oriiidnA] oAtOifr [n LoDdon tbwo *» tWDtytEi 
AblemiAn, Bhn pnAltlo o*« i1i« iBuntv-iiii vaM^ of 
t1)i^ rU.r, otid rrooi AbiMii nuTikttf r ttiL> niAy^ ^ tlntiv] 

AJJllUH-llv, 

Ai fl^hVKT O'V- AnTiffny). an Uluid tvlriL^int: t4> 
RritdJii^ on llio ovut<>f Nt^ni^ivij-Iv» U} d^Im ^lu" vmt 
nf L'Ap# La Urtuup, ut>l 4ji) tmrn the nt«mt pt-int of 
Kn^AD'l, tluTiEkii>l TiAftbtrlj of tilt Cbuinirl i>ltn<lk. 
It iAbfl«v«ui Z *nd 4 mlltt biiEt. aaU About l j brtiul- 
TtiH Ltuut LH ImLi Atiil nK'k>, thscLidjilu uiiuy |iLuvi 
ruini- friTJi lUO to ^DO fp^t in IwijfbV Jn tli0 iJtlOriiir 
ihu n-'il i* f'prtlU', pTiiiJiidne rirtllmt rtf^n nf ctb-ti 
LFi-t |-ot4["«; Uiil rtuiii^l 1|ii> c«Ht it b ujuly aikI 
•Ixrilr ATicitt n liimt uf tlio bland U '>r('i>[4L4<'l li^ 
gfint Ib-heIh; uiiI till A- cnwn Alv fiucHitji* fnrtJLc rJcili- 
ri-nn irf llirJr iidlk. Tbv cUuiaW in mil^l hjhI licalliiy, 
Tbo (nun f'f A- iBBJlu^cd iu* bM>iitLfu1 TiJlny n<w 
tLu f«Dt» «f tho bLtad. Sbi "JunU*," <'bi>wii l-y thv 
p*op|v f OF lif*^ Afid mnlte "dtHiBfeiiJDni/' rvpFwnln- 
tlfMol llm }iHi]i|P, lurm n. Lind ^^f lc>i^ b'^firlntTirv. 
Froncli invmtni mm] tlir Fnach buii^Afv jimvAil 
fruxniu c|ji> iiilLaUunL^t tuit all undi^tnUud Aiid tiiAny 
i|>eiik l^nirlJ^b' Willi UiiFiiiKy, JffiACf. And E^fK 
A- fiimi" lliu <iulj" |»rt of tlid powcAdUa vf WUliMn 
tlia rotinTivfwt i|»at lU'* ronmip unlcr lli** B"*""*" 
mi^ntf'f Kii|;Und. Thn A4n e^ J.u a nAtrm £ivpq V> 
thf itraiT riinnins IrlWf^n titn w«ut nf Fniii» Aint 
Lliu laliuul. SU mllrd QHfih-iini ffoin A, atv tbc 
UMiiuct>» a dutlai it noL*4 trU tbc In^at -if *>bJiA 
hFB tbrnD lijbt^utavA Aiact a (f>|;-1xill. Pip^ 97Afi. 

Al.IilIEtJf, S<* AilUtlm- 

Al nivn KlMTIfiHii; ilir riAmc ^im lolia*imrt:B 
nlilrli i^mnntnl fntm cFif prrv* iff Aldkit AIaduiIiia 
uiil IlEb EaiuU/ At Vi'tiicr [^« J^ititHr^iio.) Hceuin' 
iiwni*]"! It tb«ir mJup, m ^vU im In a tpjEiitliU uiU- 
1-inr, thoy luiva p.ib0d thv rvtpAflt ci Khobfi imd iha 
&Et«nliL>ii cf bofik Lriilltfctm*. llAtiy «f tbtm atv tfa* 
tlrBtf<ltti"n> (of«<i»>ifi pnjirJ/vti ■•} (Jp-fih kiid iCi^mkl 
4-|fiiB|o4. llie tr^il I'l the iiirylrm tliailcAl xiElion 
pmilol by tlicuj, a* IVtruiv, [>n)iK, I^EHxikt^iij, junl 
OtliBEaiWA* cii(lAU>r«vipiKllri>i» nuuiu>inpt* 1><ut- 
rv3lT ipHAkiiu^ thair cditiinL* ar^ di'liii^nifh'd f«r 
rrtTTPntnr", ttii»«|;li lUtii l.-in'k «luH« *r<- ULftilol^ 
hn tbiB rpa^4t'>t, t<^ tVir f^ttlTi ikijj IiaLau. 'thi^ 
fdlCiam> cApaclikU; tiiHa of Aldu* tlAontiM tlB 
hlkDTf w n iuipmlann la Itrit hblvzy of pnnlini'- 
Aldu ibvRw* mnoh <nrlit for biB Uautifvl tym. 
ll* btd idjia kind* vf Qtvik ty^m, Mid uo on* Mfa«« 
him ptlDt*d » rnoob And bo MAiitifnlly kn ihk laa- 

flnAH. (If Out 1 j^Ua rhATACfpT fi" |T*>nLpr*l fourlatfi 
kfnJAiif lx|« Amoii^ Ibe Ixttcr lh IImi unft««H, vUh 
wblcb ^(«iAHtr£t -A'fnn, U1»E>. Ibc^b printed; a *w 
bMUtiful <bArAo««r, Tht It«Jja DhAnOon^ latiated 
aaJ «t4 by TiHioHm r<f Dnlof*** Avd IwvAjebt {ato 
W« hy AldiA »h<- "uplijvl ihaia foF lh* V"^DeKlpMi 
at nlitnba ci ■niftnl aiid iiriHEen rAMaait*^ in flm, 
kih« l^nt iif whL'hH Vir^< A|>pfv«d In IAOII^at* tsa 
l>B]t-J*oii'f: tl'Tir 14V lonKiff Hid ui^W, Aiid f*iillr 
iA A lodbaiiMl r««fv?;,«ii feonuiA«f tiat naoy bib** 




AUWBUASDINl— ALE A>'D IIKEB, 



03 



tcfrvibfT. Ho hhl 4niL thrH liLuilt <*£ 

bat tIbA l//jafntrf)Niadua J'Dlifihi\ HV&. (iiL, fonfd 

«awif *iv) vbitcs H« iniAxJuDid u*(»itnvof Atuk- 
iac (t^ HnH> ddriiMof AS fditioikaa btttor. fiDir. nn-i 
tfjuwr pftpw uun Ihv fwt; flnU In iTm J^pttiff^ 
fimfie^ H'J9. ]f« ibo fipil piibtithn! vdrtgL? Mrrie« 
an Iv^ iiibpi^r. In iIa uJSritui nt Vhilttrtntim. IdvI. 

Mid QafntlUBA, both hi H1I. HU iiMnvifw* on 
pardUiiiiB w«v amintiilly ba&uUFiilH Jlii Ink t* «1 

alMlLaia qimlHy- At t]ir lArHa tiui^, Mb pFica wan> 
Ur- Hill Ariilul1<% £i voln, [■>!, iifiiitiiiUy II iIucaUl 
11» prat laok m Tii|Jii(iiitiii(i ut^tf Uw c&n <tf lu« ton 
I^ul, and U* crunJaoa Aldub When It wm biokcn 
u[f iu lAl^T, ftfioT 4 titinilimi of 100 ymxm. wtd kfur 
pnvduuBf QU^mliliOQ*, 11 wju Jinlii i^u i^f ivl hi auUiin;LC 
Tfvn ciLliar iimw* lil tliv crJimLry. TJid Alrliiw i^li- 
tfaoi^ avpsoiAlly tliLwi »f thu father, mm sur^ Kiiiirht 
EoV. Ta« prlnt«rv lu Lvih, uuJ U» Giuuti Id Flor- 
EMC*. In ICO^ hauaA it ■Jtw^ooui 4d |n^b]kb tu- 
fcviPT Mid Apuriou raprSath In nod«ni linw^ titcf 
h»T« btttn highly pritwl by cokritifle Dalk«lar«^ Tli« 
//nftf IntJtr -Jfixrcc tVi^r-j ^ 111*7, Ui« Virgil of 
nat, ami iln* Hiirlum finrri. t\rit tn mmtloB the 
vi-r^ rue rdlUvuB L^lvwu 1 iH uid 1 lirT. An i^u- 
lvdlai3,T •<iu\Mi, iTio luuh uf tlio AMiiko ^ir»a « ihi 
ATubor wilh u Julpfuii iHiriifij^ ruiinU U, imil fiimi;- 
limH llui mi-iito S'lrtt'i-nl tf ntFt- A Uit ol tjl p^nuiiwi 
Alrlttip *rliUi-tEia XK jfiWrtfi in thv npnanilis t/i ihf rtr^, 

UouJWu-iJ'* J'ifiu/» lit l'Ir}if/iimtrK ulri J^i. 'DiIqlJ. 
Ftfift. 1S3I, 

AtlKiiiRAXOlSi'l; tba nAmn cC fr prirLcolj fuitily ivl 
Rfiia*^ DvJtlinUfl tit till! Iiudin' ^ nit cm ajmnnrkt of 
»auitl¥)iw fwm. In iMr vMlx, T«-|jrv>*nEm^> ri v;f<il' 
dlbt Add CftUtil bj tin lUUli: ur thf J rffoa'-iinr/ixf 
wWfcii'/. ll AIM JlKiiicniJ iu tJiu ttmu ul (']i.''jhiiil 
Vlir.ni'tfvFrpnilhff ctiurchSiuLtivMiii^A^llA^'^i^- 
ia tho djJiEji'^t whnm fl^rmnrtv Ui'iv thri ^'Arklona 4>f 
MannAtit-mlcAmr't EhfinvLiiLnlbbtvilU. Wim'kuJ' 
ItsAAti hrrifTNii^l II \H lie tL« aoililtrr),' f>f iVlrun ftiiil 
llHtiii; IliuiiJL ttntl uT hfiuUEui Wul ^ulii. 

ALr^iLt,!'^ ALlmt ul l^viab'ti^li, xml aTlvrwAnln 
DUhnp ol \V<in*»irr, \^W'- iTa ■»* iIk: Amt Ivnftli^b 
Avjltfiifp 4r|i(t viflitk*^ Jorii*A]<HKi (]{X'>!S,i, bniJ aImt lib 
n^um 114A ruJtfl U' tli? «» ul Vork. mi ■btvMkn 
■falrfc, wlipii tir fifk[ii<iLrvl at Kauitf* tho pofB nfiiiod 
Id nUfyi iiu kLOHiiib bt luji ifnmnn uw tAtaonj. 

4b taUian fmio the pantifT, Ofl dim dn^ nf FjA' 
wrJ iba CfflihHSTi ]i« oruwboii llAnM. ofid a^ti>v 
■vd* Uh GanqilanP. *bo« v^lcvra ha vnjujvl. rihI 
nduv |]OH«r lir Tnnte mibapTviniit tu tJiv vhiwh aT llm 
<fasnb> WIltD \js lad Ff L'^ivufl huiuk in'll^itii^ fiimi 
■ ■fvWBot of Vcfrk. Ij(7 Hou ti Laadoiit ami, with aU 
ikr In^ifintim Aod h4iigbUD44 of ui atTiitJod pn- 
blcv 4«iMirlaJ TQiiff<!<uifiv, uul i^hVLOuuood n c^ir«c 
4a lift iLfvl «f ^^ifliam. Hia rtnLh um ^vilh diifi- 

kta irrii-. wul iJjv i-ufw hv n-vnilfiil, nml rttjiniriii 
Mb ft UaBJnjf- It J« f^'l ^^''^ tin iLir^ wIlU urki<E >tM 
Mifil^ tW north of Er^tM'l -k-A^lAU*! by Uif? r*vA^va 
ol HjmpcU ud CaoqIup *>iii of Nwi-^n. ia lOtiU- 

vaa bam it VTHHlniihATfir in IfttT. AitJ wm di'tirL- 
fUl^Qil fcv libf Imu ami ImnwIiiJ^ of mudf. tlv 
■Jtplai Kumy vt ihu ^vuikfl vt bit? oMrr inOfrKf* t>> 
At liMigJ vl tiw Churvli iif i^ri^aiLd. and ^■Olu\•l^*l:^ 
bsAi* many ArifLUnl. Ber^'u:a■ amZ Luilttmi'- i-14 
ma abfr juillnv »r uvKrak Putntnii'd ]w»E4'nLii'rLt vdrk*- 
AifcJB Jcrh, wiiiih rill ill jilim in ] TLl^ Ijt lii^^nrqtlLifl 



twmlr ymn. ft luiglv Aul ^'qlaib]a«(^ctiaTi ofmuiiicv 
<-l wla«ta I>r- l^tmivv BptAka Itr^hly 

Al-tiUdVAHIilil^l^l.lut^ aLrfLi4WA]>ilnUiimliat. 
lioiii Lb lUt'i *t F-Jti^rtW, whfVr lio wi-ri prafntoT c^ 
r»]tiltiiofihr *i4d I'hjile, ftiid itld lu liJOT. Afkr lia 
nli^ntJi. ttw it«utt <if hia lni*c<l* mu imUiAhcil iJi lii 
volfl, foUi>, ubfirrljL bs dc«-nlM* t. ^n*i wiotj v£ 
blrilt hr\il Enuidm. 

Alk a*ii llw^u; whU known nm) wHflualvtly isfil 
fi-nncnlAiJ Lii|UijrF, iJk< |iLiiiLi[ii)c u( wlii<Ji i* tAinclKtl 
iTLini 4cionwi wrX* oi i^tftiii, lut x^ii^t CoDudobIj hvm 
lujlMy. oltvT It tkM ubUn^pino Iho procw taniud 
nulling. U«4- Lk* iTiuu«in*nl lArm thuiil*, haing 
ulttftt uivd to any kiml of farmmtrd nvJl llqanr. In- 
dwliiiK l^nlar, ibouifb j( h *Jiu uvnl luniLjirrv*|iccIat 
upikfiivtion. "Tbenumeiviuf AfirtiH vfui&lt Ijijuun 
mnt vith tn mbmarcv luay In irulvi^il ii\Ui ihn* 
ffUmt ciumt fclg. bMT, [Wrtor. J /v. at Hip tiftn vt 

UgbtlyHlriml iuiIi.iith] ilHiiiucliiii; njcmi ctr h«> in nil' 
<lraiin|KwnJ Rwcbuiue iD«lcvr uiil iiiudLoci?, and the 
bitbf r Aiiil frn^^ruil |iriELfii|j]t« uf iLc lici;r, iJuvwJtcri^ 
dot wliiuh, li"w^H*,r, it murt or Itm I'lc* bv iiiahui»< 
tloQ uid »aii.—ffPtr h » tino, iftrong, xv*ll^«riTLatiUd 
llqoor, dnrfter, !«« Audmriw, uicl mnm fiki^bnliri ihiih 
oRHatry ato.--^Dr*rf bndMfk"bmi*'ji«i!rMiTTil lltjonT, 
oriEinnUy Imnp) fnm lili;li-dri(*t mall, bui noh i;i'iic> 
nd^ mode trvDi paleuBlt, «ribli »iuf!Jch.'iiL iiuaiility 
uf pakul <«r rrnutnl ctlbIi. tu imparl tUu (Lfr^Kunry 
iMluuf lod IIiLHiur — .^fflu', jWruitTi SJouf. Aa., ATO 
[■■nf v*nnLi™ ol |mr1rt i-hffiifinp Imm tJ»*l br[4W»r 
only in Ihvii' mpi^rtiir nuet^'tti ami qoAlLty £'ii<C 
/irdui J/c, JtUttr A^r,. Au,, i*! llio Li^^ni tuL^-fia, vii 
Ifcvo^t^ wldrk lUEutiiiir ll^i; yala <uluui' ciud Eng- 
F»nl billoruf blir [ibu bhtlsr itruiiily in u&duo «<«■•]. 
i*ith tlio '"drym-j" 'nml fiintjriiy uf li*«r.^7Wc jth 
■»r 7W.J' /Wr m n WrtU: UniHTf muiitinnly cv^nLtininjjf 
iElph or fuiir ilait'\ tUc jimpoTtion u( uul^ uitially 
IffaduL 111 »nUiiiL'v IwDt iij ok-- lu l^fLitW tmrlcr in 
cpJlni bucr: Jind indeed lU olL pitrtii d£ thi: kini^loin, 
ihn jtrcvnilinf bLiv<irn4ra of Ihit kijut oitiHEinurd by thk> 
iiiAM4f«, of whhEfVDT(i|a«<,comm<rTiIy ^m^ by ibv namo 
<■! 6a0r. llu three grtnAtHimt* \'1 TtiAir limiap Aborv 
nifomsd Lu aroi, IndtpMidBfU of uutu dE[ri:n:tt[.vA »f 
itTonudi, KiceUmm, uid miuuttrriuiil vn!iiv« prw^l- 
taliy KiilrHlLTidcd inbn »n nJiDont ml^nHp niJit*L>rT of 
viLnvtiiM. KvH^ cniintT, evary Iowti, aih] bbiin<t 
t^my bnw !• ilidUigiiiabMl )iy ,U yujiluvii-yii t,f fe 
dtfRnttt-flkvound ben', rcru-lily jtrr^v-ivc*! fenJ tjii^kly 
awwdalpJly lliBirri3|i«i?&ivg?uLj>rioi-" i< V'n/^u/m 
1^ Praeiitiii J^aiph-] lliHDdJfltmnctvLli'jn'niJipl^iQtly 
antlto quaUfarof llic mAbrnolii b.iv^ tJ^v t^'viu^ t'l^ 
pnrtifilM in vnii^ t)icyifc«jm]il-iyod. thv< lciibjrijrH»4P« 
nt the Rrklvr mcH for Tna4liing» tbe lubt-t'M^r tiiuv tbv 
lhAhIi In tHiUr<l. the tcin]>cTHti]|u m vti\leh Tpnin'iiU- 
Lioii in rlK-cM, ftnd Ibc cil^^ul (■> ulJi'ti it i> iiJkrvrcLl 
1^1 |iriii'^\;d, TJic L'ld^fiir (if Ute Imr 'IfffUulK vti [J^v 
4wli)iir 4''f thf^ iiiAlt uibd tbc Icn^'lL ^ liius oHUpJod by 
Ehc IkilLIiij;:, '\'\tt\ |inlu aIu ia muJu frOdn (WUC HHwl 
by MtDiTi <ir in Oir vnji; ttiv LLo^p-^fnw ^Ir, fn»in a 
riiiiiiirD yf juil*, ydkivr, anil bfown milt: "«d Uiff 
dxrk-Lij-4ihn Uvr FriULi niidl llwL kb bvCLi bi^ld^ 
H]ri("J Ell thp kiJ» vid imr'ply culioiiimi, laife^d wHb 
C-Ik' indii f-kri^ rLoi.ii* IrfiiLii; nuvl'i from bafJcjTa 

II. ^^■l ! .'I'l i.ifh'i ^rnlin, bopr moy h* mttlU- 

.1'! inii i-<ii'i 'I '.i'i.hI liiiny otlit>r riinylAOMiife and 
4]L<i'|Liirifi" kulwLjtniyk, mit/ii ju }hi^ ruiil^ pulAlDrd. 
turtiiifh. (x-jkrjH, ciktiET-pvrup, Lt«>[jHwra» Ar., bin Lhv bivL 
ifl tlifll imvif* from l^jEoy-mAlt. t^^inv ni ibfflD *iib- 
t>(a£ii>n itru ».'EliinAl(<'tv#iiijiLrkjpd in Gvfuiui^. vhloh 
km bcpn u?Li-brut«l m h b««r-dhnkkii^ rviintry from 
i\w LnulLtifL. lijriHi. Many dkirnn-iii LiniJji cf Iw.t ai« 
tEinm TttAiEci, binoD/ tlm iii'mb Ltiipi>niiEil li<dhf Iho 
ItnvBriaii nuiiimEr la la'jo--tiitr, nul ttiDtfr'Lvjr^ tlm 



a 



94 



Al^ AXD BE£R-ALEMAXNL 



F 



Bbv«riAb Jtefti^r Bsrtm vlutt Icvr, inrWi ^«j^ 

Inrit ffimliC^i, 4(iJ b tfliUrk^iAhal fium moAl bf tba 
W«n of Gvrmuij uiiT utlin fuuutriat by Urn loliulJii 

■u Uuk Ii aA tM piv«Tt4 ja half Jull ntk* xiiuUr 
H vsdl M in full «na«. Tbii f|ai«U^ i| ovh Ka tht 
w>y IB wtveU it L« ^;;FTrlllDUd, ihi> bvong don* by ili> 
£/niipaiiiAnu^ prorna^ or pnVMi* nF fntiicnUU^m 
ifom Olio*. XliriUEhl^ivor1»«vbluf«n»naL fooptn 
IbcU vitb u uflcndn loifkn. ud pkohl ia ooU 
«dkn wiUi A taupcnioro niM U^r ihu 40^' to 
Sn\ Tb« qMntion ImI* Uimo vr fi>aF veck«» uiil 
lb* wpH, iii«t«ail of Bbuwintf ■ Ut^ huhl vif fnch. u 
«airr<«ly rnv*<THl with luir. Qm iwC tdnkinv U> Iha 
Innmu Ul Iho fortu of ■ vbidif •vUmeiil culci) tlm 

diffiimt nMuM Imo l^ DndplUAowhwIi ttik%a 
litf b«UoiB of th* btio]ia ic Iha onUmuf famnjuUaa 
of h**r- Tiw nauiHv iv i.m^r btgr » bfvirwl in th* 
ooldat monliuL of th* jaw, rb- Dtombv, Juihoj^, 
Aud ffetattTf, Bul U Mond mj ia air-tit-ht (dlon^ 
Ibv wS&torDMr b tntAndoj, ^ Aloiwt iiaioullato 
eonftinptioBp abd b h»ioe«iJlieO fiAfP^ [i^t. pv%w 
dnuiuiil^ t>*«r- ll \m nith^r woLkar thui thd lummer- 
bHT, 111' lUvuixh Aor^-^iV^ u a iimjl4*-^mn/ 
b0trrm« of tbfl Int X^jifir ilnpflptinu, wltJi a vdn^ 
■bat lUrktr outi>ur dun iho radbuij ZuffET-b^r. k'hI 
« nmivT t^la Bcriiu «hii« ur i«1d bwr <flriM- 
UiT^ ■ bxwvd itom ajtt uv« ut lorley-DMlt ud fivfi 
pTi* rf fhut milt, lAiliunnB UuitadiooaJ bavwi^ 
of iViivu pmpw 

The DuuiiifBicuire ftf ijb or bver b of tvrr hl^h 
kAtiffuli^, Ucmlvtu* ucflbw ^iDTcnthm of brow- 
ing 14 Imm, luul ttU* u* ihM iho CcrptiHiB ilrtuk » 
U^anr iKliidk iboyealU nlAu, fvcnnlod from liu- 
ky. Ala «* b«tf va« nvrir d**d td a gnat otunt ia 
Urv«c»« Italy. pvUy «wli9 no 4lwibt. lo th* ftbnDd. 
Aoc* of win* In t^nmt oonbtfid XBimiihun, In fab 
^m^vdr, OMyliom it w Wiiiir ivnl umjnc Uu iti' 
hlUtablv rf AjawnUi ud 1b« GpuU wm aIh k- 
fOidaitd viUi h bi cwiy timM. At? nr bftvr w ia 
waovcB BH bi Uvinuiiy la lh« (bn* of THdd*. 
''AU U* iaLlod^ ' Myi HUny. "vho Inhabit tfta 
«mi nf BriTiif< li»* % bijiinr wirti tfbii^ llMir !n- 
laakMi itwMili'i^ uuil* t>f nmi bhU uHtrr (/ni^ 
wuadidt)* Ibo TOftOMr of nuking iI^la l^uiii i« mow- 
«U aShnM m G«1, 8|«bt, uul f«b#r oouMn, 
MdUla«ilted bj manj vuIau nuDoij biii lU hMmi* 
and pnifiivttca vo Hwrwbdn Ih^ tuna. TV fWrtpTe 
of fluBbi,bipttrttoakr.tnir thill Ui|D«v*uttBll 1J41 It 
itlUlEMPfm far»liiQ2llm*< f^ PuitiuUiiitbv in- 

Cihy oTDiHikbd togiari^iit tbaTTtoffUi^ppatiUa, 
ibcy hbTO tbut iB»i»M ft Aithnd to luln »Mcr 
iMif Irioiieat*.*' 0<]v l^Mmio UHMon wulct of 
hek^ «»b tb«D from Ih* Contluoil HtuAr 
bmiV*^ mi ■c«DnIbi|flj n And ■]« nmn' 
_ - bi b«lb^ bbUTT )d rv^y nwl' iim«, Tt J4 
mmUklBitd b ^a bm uf [da, Sb« of Wm«i l^HCr^ ^ 
■nJ al<4»»rti »t>i<gdil>i by Uw ia 7^3. Uvu 
nilrmiif b lb* niM« of lb* Narmob fnnn* to 
iVfDbfe* lb» priM tatM^ ufl » atttliito p— iil bi 
mi — Btii tiMl ft tvoiiw atatvld b« ■tt>v«d ti> mU 
tvnpUi^flf «Jd kr ■ pun J bi cMo, NOd tfanM 
fa«ff AD»ai fur Ibn buh priv* Id Uk OtfLiirtc7> Tb« 
DM « bvpi ib Ibq nuabniBB* od ftb «Ml baor *«i«u 
I4 h«* biH a CflimiB faiaotiMi, and tbt d«* Urr 
■»p « ai ba b»a «aina Imn iScmany u ICafboul 

vbb dii imc(ia» a»d)> *fKr vUcl> ben Md a3o 
««o Bivi RMccdPily farih* binnl And iKt wbup- 
M^MoMT. U laa ky ihDliHiOM fad bit^a >a U 
UtmA liiB^lHil AU-^a»i 1W0 fir-t Hi^b-ol 
Ift mi, mtd m CfcaflH II. '< n\^ Hntim^ unmmtins 

10 Sf. ftiC « Iwpd m i^mng, ai»J lo M. oi uuifi •!■ 



or b«r, *cm impoaoj fjf ibo tni Ibw O^M)' 
ynaii ibat tiami up to ItiOU, fhr/n It hm llnUlv to- 

Ttailtfl, thv^uty «h thr b&riul of A»dl- bear ^:un*i^ 
bfitt^ b lADJ V hifli lb 11^ rp ti> Ih^t })**'r wu 
duBcd iiiLti atn'ii^ |ji«Tr j.ii<] Kinalt ^wrr, it FihT oI 

of duty. And beri i>r tlic «iJlr> K<i Itii Uuiu Itli, the 
iun|» uulcHlvoaf ddiy. At ihu uiuim ia 170? tbt 
JCn|;liab dui^ai oti tJ* ftbd bwr hutd iatrvduotd inlo 
AthiUfttvl, *lHrK bwdflu *,tmii|r uarl >Tnr»^l kKx-r, Itwr* 
wu u iatoniictliftVi «hcdn coJT^ii tvo'pcTiiij-, wLlcb 
loDf foTiued a favi^uiito Ivt^Jagiv t^Inuc Uii: iJ^liIj^ 
llun ii tb* bcvr da^liti the rc^ulaLliHLi mi t-> tlia 
luiiTiufAvtuTv lif do atid bavuotoyfdw ud ■jurpla; 
slid wiuiit only in t^iliff nit n, lianiu. tmi^titig EI14 
prlr^]llu^ mnil )il*iLiJiiin|r frtim iho bu' nf aiiy iftlc^la 
Dibar thin uult b tli« pirpftiaUon of tha bnr A 
bnwcr uhId): anT^ pla<v, <ir ulihIi tnu. f'jr tba purpuae 
of bvawbig. witLuiit Ijaviii^ mtnl'- ]iit cnlry tbcfvof aft 
Iba VflarHt uii'iKi ulliA'. fjfiirjt* firoviry lUffhvairae* 
±'*iil']; and all tltr vrn-r^ Imr. aad mattrialt frv 
mmkiiij; th* UMn. tfifi^'tbrr with thp maibntiin^ att 
f'lrMlat Ab for private uk mny be tnvrd by any 
bvr*vik,bu&ltouiDgl1Je vM MiLbuuL* Uucdk, fttuiJi 
i> lield unloF Btrio^b resMbtioDa. 

A-IXK: tli« aitiifcliunof l^l0^i^l[m»bl«l it b pubad 
ihivrn In thtt Um inrif "1 thu a^ip, m nrdar ti pnt tfip 
>hJ]> ahtirit. nr tn Uj bi^r hp4d Irt tho KinH^Bra, 

ALfiuAADb, [*fiu.]f ; au autbor wbuto vil^p 
Lifird a gr^iA ftmooui of iiJcpmikULHi nntpctiUiij uo 
rnlcr of bbo Jauito. Ho *>^ a <lciuLt, Inni at 
iJnii"«lii. 1 £»S. Hia fliitefft'flv* dtt A nSfi^ Jtmiia 
nv p(ililiKli''<1 At, AtLtutrrp, Trtit: ft'iln P. Jntrntiit 
Cixnim. Lr^wny a ^SortVf J/iu. IZdi*k ilowc. ItHl^; 
IJerw* <t VicriiiiAT- Carittdfit Socki. Juh. Itu^ XCoair, 

i'ni. in OdiltM Fidti, tf& J/itftftfit t%t «f<4 oeCM JVflf^ 
qUo, Kcm*. IflfiT. A- di«l *t KiiaiP» MAI, 

AMEKpii'. M&mnr«r. tb«»ulhorof tli« onetHpolnr 
bbtfiyof GiiJimiuiirAirAntliaH t1ie^pftBbb1ui|pMk* 
(ii4 |iulilui]jcil ut ^ItvlHil ill 1 filft'. Ft vraa h/n onr 
SviUId, uJ duriuL' tlio iricu <if Thiliii TT, ma mudik 
abA«t onart Bn wrli luu i^iNvn fmilMiJ fela 
ftlMCot otiiTy Burjpvut laiiflu^ 

AXJCUAnn. thKt b, silmfm, or mi-ujiw Mrrt a/ 
mm : Iho nana if a military onnffdvnry at hrvnal 
Ivomau laliAs vhliili, 11'. ilin coiftnmMiiiust df 1^0 
ad OMtvry, Uin*d nnr tho Roman Mrilton, Tlui^' 
■MtliBianl* Hlot>d*d Oft tbv not addo of l£* TlU&r. 
fnan Laka CnwUno*. tbo £IU^ nl 1b« Danub*, t.> 
iheUaliuand lia Lafeo. Th«fr Hi^bnun en t^m 
nbititBtvtbvfloBTUand fanbtr un tho BmsiindbniL 
T[^v priddpal lilbw cuojpaiiiiE tbv Alanwiiiio loaifw 
wort tht TnvUri, Uripttaa, OaaMl and VMiEiosn 
CbiftOtllK tnl foucfat t*ith Hub. ob tho ooathcn 
part «f tho Ithbi4,lTi 1^1 1, but <M iiot «iH|U*Mham; 
Srmnia VM ttkaw^m vnkniocwfid, Mkiiniih vna 
ibt AtM whrt CLiuqua'nJ and lItovc tKini bfn^id £bi 
Ithiiit> in ^U. Afl*r ha dtMb tlwy oi^in invadol 
Claul ^ but IVvtbuifilut dvint^d thvin, (unufd tb«a 
into OavBiitj. and fiirtiAid th» bAuaduj wttb nm- 
pa«1a and dju^oa, of ubich tA« u^mda uar Pburlnc 
na thir T^nnlia, thn nJn|ivt cictmllnff timitifli 
HobaoJcbo ui JaitbaidVB. and thp tfiuh with paUia* 
do« DO tht niith lido of tlm Alalne, an rnimaa& 

t&CD t}et^t n'utt) B<jt the A. did oM dc^it from 
th^ ifHonitvia, anrS *«« tuOHMtvcly icyiib od V 

lAlliani^ tbt twvoMOT at V-fnthunaitt, hy thn «id- 
pvcnr I'hihiff in **!i'j. and iJlinrardA Inr rnnKtiuilin 
i-liloniiL KvTwibdeBf. dorlaf iba dlkurL—uw in 
Uto empire, aad uniU C'VoMtbia haoMna lia wah 
luatv, ibty KAipinl the iivc« frcM If Cttta la fikw- 
boFir, ^U kwa Jtdian «» •»!« «l4i Chv. to tUol, 
m H£7. Ko iffiAi inpulMd llm A . and ftinvd tbrir 
pfbiOHi of vhoM tWiv iHr* tbon ti^L, 10 too t:^ 




C^ALEypOff. 



InlWa. uuoinif<4 tt 3lv(NlO mcit. ^'bm ibp nilgtm- 
tinnuf ihn ni-ftbcni ttfbatbtipBk thoA. vare tDiouf 
ibi liDfdii* ibM wumn OauL Tbuy jipmiJ aJwir llw 

44 ti« fiib hiAed? ovw *U ll<4v»tift. At Um 
Cla«v Lmk* theLr powr in tftft inbducd thtto, and 
drprii'nj tTuoi nf & lw« p»rtiin »f thclp po«KiinikL 

■•Tft. veULfoeJ w UhIt «wn omnln- lb Bftfroin 

ALmUKT,JL4V ixltOMaif, oinruf llja muat dl»- 
miXtitfinM&olAiit (uiil HbfOif^ durMftomof 
18l^ ftniuj?, vwrt Wtd U I'mU la 171*, «od 
Ifco imfonl wn of Uio mvrc ^in^ ihtn ^irium* 
4 tl« T-ocin mijcj X- M. U«*t>Liclivi, > com- 

oF I1m oharrh of iK. Jnn 1* RimJ, *tmu aflur 
. Bad upeunl to wt«k tlutt iho poU»-uffiafr 
buod it uutcvl of ovrjEof U to loa fonudllajf 
ooBimtbiod t( bj tbo c«n ol l3>* vifa of • 
'ttw (laspp. B/ hw ha mm bnoglil up. uid vilh 
hrr hr I.ti-iI tr»rinnn« thiui thirty v«4n, Hl4 fnniftto 
arvtr piih^Jofy ackiiov1t<[jfnil b^Ri; biit hl« fBlbor 
itUlol u|icu LiuL AU ibotoiu of IZOD llvrVk ik nna 
iilut:£i w tlwn nffloBu^ tu pTficiitv ib* iiPPMrica 
liUi U« ifaitw^ much lui^ty in kvnin;* ukI 
40 WE* ef four yun w^a wr-t ti n t»QBf-.LLiigr 
"■th>cL Htwubut U<n ^Hiriolii vb^ithK [mit'iip^l. 
A raw of mtrCi, dfidved thM In opntd nvh hiin 
u Mkirr. H« aaittrttd Uhi twllvv MaB*rio ml U10 
I c{ ti*i^i*P Hil tBlfinl* aurpniw] liu EtaMruchiiK 
to AMglit tbty hwl fffund in bni b jHHnd PimaI 
Mfp«n tlbt «H»* of th* Juitanivfai, ifith wIuha 
WM* ^''''"'ff mbmcpML no vrDi*, In thr ftrit 
I of bSft fibiUHOpldciil iliidlaii a odmmcnu/y tin 
iMh oi Pnul U> Uiir Huiiievfi Bub itliMi hv 
_ to MBiiT jullwD Atiott tbiatdpnev aapttrvlvd 
m akiiob UiM bo MoooibOvd aU thadocMil <jw 
How. U* kft toU4ffc ftudiod kv, bvcam* u 
bul (Uil tiat MMB in ac^npy him«*'11 with 

A punpblM cm th« imrtJ^n rtf •alid 
fe floU, uid Hinbbcr OD the UJlwii] i^lcnlui^ 
ha Uid bvloro tho Atxdtmy of Hrifnoufl in 
f'l73P wi 1710, ■bowttl bJin m w fAvnut^Irl" h Ivht 
Ibftl itiia Aoudarn'^ rnvit'itl fiiiri in i'lil inr.n ihr- 
tttmbir of iu itinmhrn, Ho h ma nfUr jiublifibcd Ui* 
wodu cm dinvnivi, Tnxiii dt ^mtmi^mt, 
uuy Ik uid t« Lin*v fonnfd u epoch La Uu 
m: aaU da tiuld», IVa^ du ftnitiit. In 1740 
Ibnfcn/tf/j/d (t'livlt obtiibod tbo pruo otfisrhl by 
til* Ar:if\t^niy of ft»rlin, iti vhirh h« t»m chi>iipn \ 
T):^tnh«r, AmnxvhiiiiVtmmiiiiint^nni, tfil.hfA Ai-.-blcmv 
ma uv l^tily dlntuii-uLilirrl — hjqi.! ^.^ ^pue? iiiJiUvntt, 
H^ ABtithiTr fvbiL'h (jCikb* i>i llt<: vibraCiiRii rf ■triii;:*^ 
'ttc tUo tc")k Jk part iu lii^^ iii\ci<1ii;aliun4 w^ich 
Moiplttod tld dkoDTonoA af >^v\rt(in rcoirtt^ting thi> 
'■Minn nf Ih* hfanmly Itncjipa. WhiM EntiT xaii 
I^CWfUtf itvtv eojfitf^l iTL bboK-, hi?delJr«iTd iji 17*7, 
[to Un AcbJaidt uf acimiEa. aroUitiojL v1 tlw proUani 
BnHVOdtodBfotnuiifi ivIjatdiaturlaiiLTiarVoecWmDi 
W UB nuMul attiaatlon o( Lh*: yy'm^L-ig in ttdir elUp- 
1^1 moLulitvii miind tlii< ti-.n. mnA wlAt UiHJr 
iliEd h* it thfir vn aoEr^ri mi nnlv br thp 
[jniMdve poTcT of the fun. Ilu contiTtijoi itiM 
tiK twcral T^ari. lucl puLluJieJ ut ijitt'f^ :Ur> 
JmpOrt«Dl MLjuELUlLEObl trCAtifi^ itLClLLilii;;^ 
•M 00 tha pmsfVcin of tbc eciLiinovEu - nUo EiIa <i- 
Bnmti OIL thn fVBiaiUni''^ .--' Efaiil bfdie^ jitui n 
tbcr of dJj»i?Ttvtli"m» 'tn "tJu-r Ill^iAl7T.^^w'^tkn ff 
T«lueo! whkh tbtrt la bui oua c^puiii-iD -^ rjuriif 



•rholtt*. bnt iifUob iTvduvd ft oalikiiv on Ih* |urt 
M IKidQr ikod oeIuva— la tbo fln* ffvour of hv 
fDjidoci* fcjf qudwraaito* ho lud for a timt bivuniit 
julillanub bo boUn-ltUnt; Inib bl* oody lirr* vf Uiuu 
woi rorivail *jMr Ida ant iupailODb dUwrfrfa^ 
whffQ pnAtLoattdaJ lB«c«tif^tiou oua«d Ui oCM 
him An noh a liBrvast of btw Outtit. «f ba fotl tlut 
noOQidLy of priiuUnn. Ho rtil*i*il <i» Lbi* ii«w 
civorrvlfh Ida "TiiemluciHui*' Ui Uin ^qfrit^ilif. 
irkluh win alwnp b« ■ ^tlEm vt rtyl« iji titUuijf of 
tdtntific iiu}>jonf. unitm;; m it iIepb cW^^ouoe tod 
fiFHijunn, 1*A. rr.m|'rii*-i, In hjtt ''Xntf^uciion," 
th* rucnc* i>I »ll il]i4 knvivU'dgv of putlwrnatiiiL 
phlkoopby, uid hTvnttuv, Bfr^iiinil in b ftm^ty of 
iwcctjT youiH luiJ lLU hu ill thai vu IntoKn a& 
Ihitb tia)OUirfB(iW*oildiCMAubj»lK hr UDdtttouli 

10 uo|«rothoEUtlieButI«l iiMtof \\i^ SitiT/ffu^^Jit, 
«nd wntofrfnMDimlvif ufuoaUool vticItL Hi* 
Ukfu balis pntSxiMl to U:ii vivtk bo ubind lU fkln, 
*iw1 oniHod UnLkiltf tf nimiturl— mmwlr II A, 
PMH i/ltfT «nt«»m! thv Frvnth Afucmy. and nui^ 
tiiiiital hj uultl^iilo tho brIt(»'[«Ilrco, ^oifrthor wltli 
DolhomMloi. lilt lUctvy wiikf, on aHvuub uf 
Undf mpLiual t«](L<nn», iDiLat Ijc duApppDved byvJ! 
•ound mmdii, but or* dktin(;uitlioil (ly ptirty of 
liUiBVU^ oTflirBMB Df **yi*f uvl fon^ ftf tiinn^ht, 
AlutnQph hr mmlvnnid Oiudi t#n«ii>tinn nn Aorount 
of liJi tinmt^iou wlUi tUo at'^diii'fdfi^ nud wiu 
B^lZocltnl l>v ^L[ };ut«TLia)aiil *>t Li* cimutix, lie ttcjuld 
nut A«(i|ib tlic in* iUli^^m af KpnToritk llrl^i^tila tn 
B<irtin r rnar ttifr bEfum of tliu KduLanadiprvnCAlh'riiifl 

1 1 nho 4li»irr4l hjm Ctp lAhi> rhiu^ ot (ho KliEfWli^iti 
of htr KiQ. ^Tlth & iimitloD of ^(iO,ooO Lvni. Ills 
iHHUtiCiir kwuGiL W wuilli fiuw funijfKcn; iLbd the 
Kiiic cf Prawa gitvG Hm a pcruuDn nlieij Uiu Aua- 
dpmy of SnawH aA Plkn nnu«d Hui tJi* wtlttry to 
whicn 1» mu jnvtly iOiliUfd- Thniijjh hia timmia 
nu uItiii4 nk-n'limU', Iilm f^m^nr'iin' wHd CT*«1 If* 
Hvpil aluVo thirty jtnn, bi tho jilainrtt iftinncr> In 
lijir hwim of tbo vuniui nhu bud Uruti^ljl biio ap, ami 
i«fb tb»« lodjchiE* '"'"'? inliEn hiji IviiJth LiiinpQ7l«d 
ktB' Hil Ion; altAohmpai to Mlih 4o t'Bipiii«ivo 
iltov* that bft *u not d««titiit* «f niHOpnbUitv. 
Vi^iiln); frr']rpntdm«< mriR ihin juyihin^ ehw, h* 
ituldi'd llu< iiuciviv u( Oi<] ifTifeb. mil ttnuifht onTy tiiat 
iiituwliLi:]j luu^iild fiiUii' vUli i;^rvrruhicon and fiudc- 
nfitv, Tlifi irpiitftii-in whi<h h<« tfnjf^td^^e tntlankt* 
fri(it>dHhip bulvt*-!] hijii hud VulWin, and bia givA 
luvrtUi fnoured bim many «fi«aii«o. U» had a Itto^ 
rnry nrncal ihiih J, J. anamma, on account of an 
nrtJdB on GoBbti. intrmLod ftw llw lfprjfrit)pfdtf. 
Ja 111* rvUifioui >i<wv be vbb, bv laj llie Inu^ vnry 
ijiiforbiii]*lir. nodlfdof Ihost-^ur, bcLuic uiiwilUiij; 
1i» iDbnit U 411 npoTblioh, In IT^S, in Ui4 60bh y4«r 
dI bi* Kir*- Viwkni:!! I1-, vlu> bitd In 17^3 bpoeno 
pATiuifiJiliy tifqi]»JntMl u ich Ti'A . maintainrd a ror- 
riH^iniid*Ti<'« nii>k him, vhic'h n-nn pLtht1«br<d afti^rtbo 
dut^ of lii)tli. mill ifl ¥try lutoTwilluB. Tlw puunko 
«^ U'A., wlUi avjdvr ^f Jepncljitfu hi* tt«Tit», caUcd 
liim n C(»d {;c«mclnd«a KkfuOBIf Mtfra^n, uid a 
pmd Iiif^ratmr among gBomelTiMna. Tin* truth 
■.m ih-M >ji« rmlt i* ■c^mi'U'hDB bf^Tii^ in p«flii**trf 
thnn in \w^i t«ttm: btil ov)n^- t>t the ivtiiitiKo of 
tlylv ij[iuii UiF (oU uf UTilin;;[<. bU worVt In thr 
ilr|>U'LuH:ELt (jf bcIliB IcttECB will Luntitiup Iu JiLterc«t 
Imi^Tr ibu hi* TuatbuiDiiticiid tr*atip«i- Tliu b*nt 
adition of \i" lifpt^ry ftiid fihilrymi^Jiifil ^r>ri-* m tfcat 
|-piibli>Frrl At, Vtr* in IS^!, .'ivialR, ichjrh fintitaifLi 
alao hla oorTr^jKiiLdirni:''.- vlih TolLkJrp aiid Fndalrk- 
C^iudurvQl LiM* <]tu4n hi* irhidiwiter hi Uii f^'v^- 

AL0CIM^ c^Ul of ihr Virnfh di:jiuljjxnit ci tlm 
OrnOi OB tba Sartha, 105 milp* vint br ik>i]lh fn-m 
l\rv. hu IfljKJ inbabitiu^t- It mu«M buLJt, KmL 
hw i foEhKTraf^ a <v>irp^ uUh an ohu^rvatnry, oniJ ik 
tti^nbouK, built I'll tho slEc and 11311 TBtabiln^ o!il 



J 



w 



aLKPPO— ALKXAKnKU THK GREAT. 



p 



Mrvn t4 ih* ovtTt^ vt tbo Doknt nr Al«nci>ii' Til* 
mviufjA'titiva^ frhitloutuly ^-f iniiijI-]An<» iiriJ <i » 

•iic, Tlwi ujltlrtloij rx*k «-^l*l»p <>r "Jikiunnli 
d^A-,^ fciuiul ill ihtf bKfjblic^unny <|u*tTLv*. liAw 

AtKPlu or If^i.ts; niHUJ nf ilif- AiIalu; pju^lin- 

UC vi tllU aVLLV llPJUtf. WllJvh U die KLMUit LlL lit? 

fijiv*. incIdJinj Meirnt \j^mo€Vu Arfi* of iKuUnllc, 

in tHFi, ia tl^p t^nl^ nwr nt thf piu]iit1i<'. Anil iLTitlrr 

cuuiLculcil witlj blic EuLJtmM by « »uftl niikiilcin 
lI-ttiixHli * if^ \iua, Tht uauutiy pruJuta MuBy 
wLiG*!, thirtfl^, fjolton, iuJiifn. •«4>mLiii. &e^k *ati ui 
th« mnujiUJni^ tnu'.b*rr^, ohvu,iinil 6jc !»■■. Thv 

VI ArBiftnUo. a JkfiXAlt. ami fe MuvnUf btthop. li, 
«tkJuu Vuo wtlb. aliuLit lFka' uiil 4 UkLT t^nlua m di- 

MV«a n^ihl^ pop. hbimb ItXI,UOa (Ik 'ItvvIh uti 

n^rtfliW iviTtft'X'tiiy, biir lE in fliibatnnliail^ liiiilt, anil 
itiEli lt< ulA «iui]ft. iiiii«<|iiP, «iipnlivt, niirl TinnArHa. 1« 
ttwy JmiKPiljij;, K mfcikufaciiijn ili&wls, kllki, onitiQii. 

Pvnu]i<'ulf «nd tlm McJllumuKLVi Sf». M<vt of 
till IljLl«IiiUJlt« U4 Mit^lniiifdHi^ th« txmi iTbVi, 

An^iLUil rtiHicUai^ bad Kun«pM>4« Tha nty lott 
twuLhlMl* lit lU hoUfH ihil 80(tn inriaMl4Dl« by ibc 

AiMT^ FACiHiBKnudi Jcvuit.kiKimj V ibnutlljor 
of tliD f.nMttit ad Par-nv*ant, hhkli Jih Ifaa ho loni; 
in *4ta1;plii)>a4i Hid in tli« aahfriilt of Riin^**, 11* «aii 
■ iuitiT« ol LVHabui^, viA ili*4 in 17^7 

ALBTV VALDML ALUAHrrKH: JL CllmlMgliin cf tiv^ 

Iftih oontuiy. Imfu M Kili^tuvitli* l^On^ Hu Mint 
fir*l cunm ill llm uUanilfal of t(l, AiJi^rT*ni« liut 
bkrloiE rvni>imoei lliv f Et-ruvli cmd hm HrM^L-ii Cu 
Mir* t« HanOMty. KvenlUAlly lu UfOiikii pnrfvAW 
44 dlvEniiy fel FAnkfort uiJ ■ftvrwuil* t.% Laitdn- 
HftdM in 1&6A- Thu itidHt «>t*rrDw] nf hi* wr>rL* I* 
nu nalitlMl /Jr Suprt^ Trmiuiti, ritin fur^iunf'iirtf 

Alkia. ll>e culbj of tih< MaiiiJutiii, « Cklliu 
pfrTpIt who tlw^lt m wlul u Qi9* Buivaudj, wo* ui 
lifHrtMit fertin— V llrt vtf* kjid uiin^ dI \-'h,lo\% 
fuhi M «iao of fhi* BTMiiwI miliUrj iijilmtA nf 
Cdiw.^ H'rbqt 6^mlbfA VcrrlDcvinrU, u^l tTint 
Um qp b 1^ hnin wicb AOiOOO nwq, h* «l J^tvu 
bcfaroftwithea.OOD, Arid pcvon^ tu roJiwo U by 
tkDuHiN euintniiiiUE a liau of aRODVfelUUob 1»t 
ttm |iar|«)H AU ti»ul wa« m viai, bow*irvf, luid 
in k ilutrl tiroH ^U»0<m mm ApMml rii>tnn< tlv 
ptbciv Tlitiucfti be «H li^lHt E«lh In IroDL uiil 
rui. lie (.ifeuk win ihmUc (is fun* liis lUh» »l uny 

i|ur, «■■ e4n)|JlBi to •nnvtifflr, .Vflcmiu^l* A, 

ma ■lO^i' ^ ' flunriihing ^in-ljcifHi, until it tru 

««IK •ii|iKda?i« biakeii lUi^ cuUu. uuJ tbo lilic, 
ftuqd in lb* b*l4> hIicr A. uuce vUiul, prvm tliu 
ftfiRtf onalinea of iLe dl^'. Al ttic> f«>t of th-r 
vhImI (tftvkl fwm Uoiiini Aucvln tbci« kicHI ■ 

Ai^uTUK Ivf-ASiv; ft «httn ol flnkll kkndi In- 
l«Uf Utf la til* UuLtoJ EkBbt^, HiJUstl» dn 8iA uf 
lkMrteh*A» fiub lb* nnrtfaiini i«rt oT lim radAc 
Oqomi, add oBbndbif nndr 1000 ftulx frcn abiI w 
^•■IbM-Ml**. ITrRHdld-W, Vofi^^rm, 
■■ tl *■**, * rv* «l tl*i>t>Uw-4toa«t oamHttrg AaiA 
Bd AbhtU^ *Dd otwiU ul ftlAUt M likiKK viih 

I2IQ. Till* U fjDcluHT* 4kf tMini>t,-'i laJHfl-f dimI 
Ctfp|«r IiUmil, *luk «r^ ftbo r-imthrrir WvU^l di 



llio Eniiipt but uhldi l<4mg In RiaiROk, Tbtf A. 
piufwr lorm four ui^^P<t Ihm ut«n*t Aibk buiu^ 
hImI iTiD Xoutr loUnoa, vkllv lite LHbdn ia *ua«*- 
■luii DfeatvrurlB BK lluj lUl tikp J», tlif Aiiilr«uaf4u 
Jtluiiia» ud tliB FrjK li|jm<Li, Tbu larnvt uv I'hi- 
ndk, rnLEiuUlji, I'tniuk, Ati'hii, «t>d Attu, Th* 
A^ I. lUM ri inliTiiuin fnTTnifctinii, uid In b nuinbcr erf 
ili«u lU'i" Mv vulunnuM lUU In Mltvlty, Tlwlr 
k-tiiL'r&l iifiT.-i-AraTu.'tJ <■ diuiLul *iiit ti«rKb ^m lEi* 
nvuIIj <if Uack Ut4 thcij iitiK^t, tlwir atMp roukr 
lll«1]utELilt^ ntiii lija Alhtfiin of tr«<«; y«-t *aI1v^ 
rJiithnri Willi nr^ bprtm^ aitil mpliltt nf aiippnFltn^ 
JiPdU of raLtli* ttinirifhikut tJit Jfor arr mtt wltli. 
wjweially lu ITnaloatika, roiMloM,tunii|«,(HKj ut|j*r 
vtyrtaUutre kiicxnalullr EulUrdlai. >tid jH,rtkmK iiF 
ihi' ■tirrntu BcL'm lulniitcd fur ^riftift ctjjw. Thuj aSord 
a.lt^ nu abuniljiniui li r«.limlilD fut and nf fitb. Tb« 
nnliVi'* ^ickmgf In fki^ cumi> ■tr^nkuiUj thtufit k'uiit- 
chaika; thcii'uviih&itnleuTnmcf biinicnuulni^Dn. 
Tlir mu*t iLi-ikiu;; failure in U^tif uluubiUx ib » li*^ 
lovLa* 4JiJ piLticul iiidikiiLEiiir. itiiioutLtiUK iiJ-iiJ<f*t to 
JiWBiiaibiLity. Thout^k mtki'r J^iJlciunl in nftturaJ oaur^ 
K|fB» tli»^ bii^jit* oT hfp Mnl^r tbvia d#j[l4f™u bub< 
\vn. nr>'l lnUin|ih], ikllfiil u^lnm TViJ Bfv rio» all 
uomlniLlJy GmlE i.~4iJ)QjLa, Ciplftli^i llvbour. In 

l^|lllllk«ljkl1i, i> Ltie j(]iJ>L IlUjT^UliUJl |K4| LU Ult EilHbJrt 

and IB A ffkVoiitiitf poii of cjdl f^T vrvclfi rc<]umji$f 

Airxji^rii TiiK Ifkhjii'. »ir> nf I'hibp of M««- 
dnn.^uhom tiil'c[liL.P v M\\^. lEUmothoTWultlyln- 
fdoa. tbv djiii^Ltur Lif NKj|jtidL'Ebi]a ut EjiEniB^ lu hu 
cutr yuuLk liua}iiiivtn| llifi lujiikit i>f :> vri*L djimv^Ui. 
WWit kf \xfv\ of llku rk^Loiiuri-f rkUiphfl'XilAim«d| 
'^Wy fat]i«r Hilt nnt Unvp ^nvlliinj; fnr ma I'l dc." 
t'liilip riiiiru)«l Hio charj^ nf k*a i-r[iii<4tl^n lirvt in 
|jQi40i>|iu, ih KUtioii III ki* ]iititlk'>h. v,in\ in Ljvlnm- 
vkuh: nitcTHuiU til Ari'luUr, At m ilijljuiw (rufn 
tliv tvid^ llijji ifmiit pkitc^xijitiirr iiutrvi'ti'd \iim in all 
Iho bnnfJm ol bmnftb liinrwk^lur, <«|ii.'''tAllj lh«w 
ne««iuyfiir A nJor, adtJ h-rulf fur bit k'hfUt a ^T>rk 
uM tka Art uf ^4tniibbiitH »Iu«1l h unTurtuintt^ly Irwi. 
A* Alutilmi urui ciTfPnniJrd hj limkuprriiiiP ii'i^Ti- 
k^iriH, Ariiitoik' oiniL'hL tn ruUivil' in hht ptL|ii] tlin 
;^Di4 am] vLiliiL-v Lrf u [iiillLiLf> i^'iiJiiiiruid^^r. Witfi 
LliJB ^icw he noJmiLiL-Ei<ltr] b> Liiu iIl< rradLii); of tbo 
/jia^H *nd TclacJ iLi* p«ni luui»?U. T|jo ftj^ rt- 
vj-od by ATi>li>lk> WM Ihf fnvourit^ b«ik uf A-. Mw> 
nnr<<r Injr i]i»un uiEliont hntinK r^nA Hmnii [4^14 In tl- 
At tlif Ubi't tLmr bfi fntmi^l bi> hofly ^j nwnkuliu 
viDTVJDr*^ ^VkT<D \tTy yi*uiii;, u cvn^tuoj Llwwi^ 
]|d IbUlcJ l^F LulTC UiJlx:]iLaJut. vbji^ uo VM c-W 
JikTul |4 m^itaL ^^'ibrb Lu Mh« aivbcvn jVW* ok|, 
HJiibp. •rtlin/ ful uu tn ttp«dktian ii^iliwl Bjiwi- 
tiiim, d'lrEjO^l tlif< Eov-rm ntf-iLt tn him dorini; kbl 
hUtnnp. IIp ptrfonucd iinvllflnof 'ftlnur, tvo JTMH 
IaU^i {Z^^\. Ill bbc IwbUlv At L'1iir(<jiu-a. nbuir be ut> 
t^Ei^ [fTtat rriiulaLiuu Uy cuu^iucnn;: tlic tamd 
IhwoJ of Ibo lluUfiL " lly «n.^' uid Ptilli|\ ■!*« 
lh« h4lll'< vTiilinuiibf hisi. "Hvk imiitbir canfuFfK tar 
tk^C %titrh f tliaJI IrAVfi TiiiE !■ tiaI irnrUir ^i' tnti-" 
Ttie lather ud bod. hoWiM* qiurTrllrtl wliPJi l^bili|> 
jvpinliatod Oljuifiiw A,. «ko l-wk tbr put cf ]tU 
mothfTi wt* oblijftd to (l<« to Xpinit tv m*fv th* 
vnn|frnrt» of hu udwi but hn usjotx uLiUiuol fwt*^, 
anil ri<tLnif4L Jt« tfUln mk bmiiiL|iuii«l fltilif «ii 
AD «ncdJllon Aonlmt lb* 'fYihdIl mnil unnil hui Iifvi 
In • IttUb, PblllpH li4>Iuc torn elected okM ojiit- 
lundar uf lim Clrrvkft. vh pT^puinif fw ■ vv 
A^^iM Pvnu^ >hrb Im ia'«« ■^■ffainriiw, B^C^ 3M- 
A', nfl4 Tvtlirviilf ^Mn nf a^:*. a^dtfidad lb« IhTvfw^ 
purikiticit Ibo iDunltiw, ^■wtl Inio Uta ValApAnnMiu, 
uid i4.vkkrl, m Ihe i^otfal Mimihl^ nf tho Gfwln; 
tba cCilof vnDntiuid ta Uia var iicabi*! I'd^i* AlU« 
bi* r»tvm b« fnond tlw Tll^ii ud TnlvJll ■'■ arniBk 
vmttonmt tl«tD, linvJ * j^vi^ra tLmi^b TlnevB 



P 



ALBXAXDKTt THE QUEAT. 



CI7 




Mid wtmwnrr vlidr* mooi^ifuL But the TLbIiiuib, 
bMinig bMM & nimnur nf hit di^th, hud t^liiTii v^ 
tMtmt, *.Hit Ibv Ath'^ntMA, irr^il hy lb<iiin«]-hrn'4, 
WMV Jib«ut CO Ji.ila tboni, .V hoiiurncd ta iirvvent 
lluK juikcti'Ui, »|."iii:iivii Witc Tlid]it*» ftijJ haivini; 
WunviLuil jt ill inju to viEiBiuUi, th'X Aud (luatiM v-pd 
tt» iiibj. di>Ot> (tF tlio knhiilntAntq vren put to tba 

liBi Htenty lurrlllol ftO (»rte«. TJio AlTwclfcru 
hAriI Un. A- ili!m^idt'i! vttlv tlm iniiitbuiaiit vi 

Um. liABV-iiii- \nti|tDt-<r ti ^vcrta m bin Jitovl in 
'Xamp*. kml lining pnnHnnKi M oDcrLrnnnd'r-iii'flhEBf 
Ihif GrMk 1-T-y*, In tlv Ennriul u<rinMy M th« 
Otvk^ liu uruMnl twvr uitv Atim. Irj tlic p^iriiii; L<f 
9S«, Willi 30.000 fout 4uJ Soao !w^r*e, Tu hjc^.-b 
Um proUc^n of MiEiDTvjk, Ud uctiAmd t> bfr aii tUv 
iflU« nl Ilium, cr^wnnl ihe t-^]ul» nf ^\ahi]liw. ikiid 
Magr«C»kLt*ii ihi€ hoivi^ trnin whrpm hn vm fltaiviadij 
tbrough hi* mMhcr, on lui ijooil f nrtniip lit hnvm^; 
hjul kich« frloAil HI TAtrodtEi. «nU *ucli a pnuc u 
^leniitr. Wbcn lie iijiiJtu^litJ tl»o (itvuvuPn Uc 
liviici'l tEul Kn:nd Pcrdin utrrLp>. with ^0,4>0G 
f«nt Kbii Ai nuuiy hcrio, jiwihitpd kim nn the ijLhcr 
■Mf. A .. trtthniil ill-lily^ l*d hi* ftrniy thrnngh thn 

IhfTfiiu wt;]i tid knov AUtiuidftioi, lUo hrji-hi-ln^ 
Daduis ATidoiKiaciJhhiualf tovTcrydviicur, Thi 

bAdobiAn', sbffaiiriifttd bylu eicaiiL|i1a, hotv linwn 
VVfty thitijf tiaFcira thtin, niid the whnl^ uiqt i?r<>ii-oil 
lb* nifT Tlt« ftrfwk innliari^^ ai ^h^ IVrnian*, 
vhomre formod in {iliidiLniLf*. rr±iilf;J [onj^i-r, ami 
wflx» ^ di^tu.vEit tn-i^i't 3000, *Lu wc(* LaVm 
pjwfici*- A^ jiorfi^nucj i^li^ii'lid fuiiErnJ cmuti't' 
bim in bonDur of tlxau of liii iLmiv wlio had fiJlen, 
And i^r^U'd |tnvik^iu Ia Otnir falfin-i mid ckU'livn 
Jh|n«t nf Iht rlllKfl nf ^hl;! Mlrinr^ tv^rt Snnlin, '■i4''nnrL 
tllrir HAU* la iha vk-Wt. MllaLtis am! Malkiiu-ijjMiiEi 
Lfimvr. A, toVuifd dciii'H:tEii:y En hJl th« 
d^fl^ lb jwaintj iLi^ngh nm^Uam, lie at 
QcirJiin kii^''t, en whioli it iru holJwfril the fivt« 
Aalik dtpflTi.li^E, aivi ^vin-nTePixl Lycin, JnaU^ L'irifc, 
pliylift. ami >-i[>p^1'^olA. 
L vickncu, ciiit«i.'d bv ImtUIri^ In tli^r Cydrtiia 
C^ Zifi), vb:[:kc(l li-n mrurac. Oil thiK mX'AmoiL liv 
Hivwvd tli4 alcvivtinn (if JiJo rhariKtcir- II« roiiPtvEuI 
• I«tUr fftim Pivrmonin ■oyin^ (hnt Philip, hin pkiy 
4tfBii| lud bttn VirlEuLl by ]iatjii> (n fioj«D biu- A, 
HV* Um ItiUT 1o Uic<|il),s«t^'>itti. aii'l ric thfifum* time 
VBlfc Uifl putii>iL V'ldclj lie li^l ^jrD[]ATvct for filin- 
BcMDC^wv )m tiatarrO toEit^Itli, ivlicLiibn nclwinnl 
ttftnt^ ihu (IcBlnit nf Cilicjf^ Ahiihrr DhtUhi Ha^ 
,tlj bnbikon liimnalF, wiili an inkin^nim army, 
^ IkWVtin^ ^iit *>l\enary nn tht- fdnin* nf 
Tba Koonil bkltlc touk ]r|uF nr^itr Imv*. 
lbs Mb And UtE (iiumjta:Liii. TLl dJNtjriltUv 
«t ibc PdfviikfLa wr-rt br<jki:n br tbn cIiju-l^c rjf 
&[b9flL>aL]%t>«, i^nd fU<J m mU ortafnainn. On th<] 
viof :iU,uiiU Unophii, in th> pty af thv Pitr>i4ii 
nrAHiniMl M-m: hut tboy nt^n wtn oMierd \n 
Tbe fnuum utid /luniLy ■~rf Duiud frU into 
W iliK ctf ui| in'tur. Tiio blU'r 4%cio LmiU'd 
mBfUfenuHutjBly. A^ did ual |>unua Dnrtui, 
lad kiward* ttkc EupbcAlbn, but in cHi-r to out 
\]m Air fmio th* mrx, tinnpil t^vtrHs Caflfuynit Jind 
lluFfilcU Utm bo ixrlvriH n kttfr from Dariiin 
pvpoi^ff imci^ A- antvrred tJiat^ L( be noulil 
OIBV lo liluii liL? ivuuld icabuji; tu Litu uvt t>iity ]■!■ 
UMlhrr, wifci i^nd cbildreit witJii>iit niukuiri, Lut alio 
li* ffifiijv. TLu ftDivof pruduood ao cIFl^iH' Tiia 
■fauity kl !>■(» hJw) nrpvnan Ihi wh^iln tniintry ta th* 
UMBBfOlBltt A. tnnk p'liiMvilniinMfiLniJuiinii, vhlnh 
» Iwp; pnitiirij uf tiio rnyiLl (rviuuivit ftud 
^ ibc l-iifiu aIud^ tbe McdltcriDjicaLi Kfi. 
Voul. 




TytT, ambobkocJ Vj^^ rtfrogth of ite altiutifli, pe- 

■lAi^dj StiI viuliUvn, ^rtorMtni maiilhi of iii«c*dl- 
iif i-T4ftN.Ti«, «iiiE iJ«4lFnyH. A. enntUuHl ht«TMo- 
riouii njorcb through raluUncL Wbtre aJL thft tmnu 
micKiulcnit vtcapt Gua, wKidi nIuirH] llur Into nt 
Tjitv. ^i^ft, wd^of tbo PanuM rok*, rwnived 
km M ft d«litviw> Jn onJ^ ta t^mnrm )u» powr, 
b« rtsldttl Ifcv fottD«T OiKtnma and nligioui ritH, 
ttfi't rniimlnl ATpTtmlrlft. wbh^'b btPbine vr\« ol Um 
lint citlcjii of unelnnt tlmui, Hcncw hciPflit ihpuiiiih 
iUd Jcii^tt (if Liltvat Ur i'ui]*iilL ilii: Dmi^lv i^f Juiiitvr 
AinniDXi- Ronbp: LiitcjTuuin «MHii(tiut tbf ifod n<c>t^> 
luinl him a* hn pon, hut i^tbnm rcjiKi aU tLu^t fant 
b»P4 rv]at*<l 7<*|>iir'tirk( thu jovmy. At ti» rttum of 
■ptlntf, A. miwlifd t^iirt IiATluiL. vbo,lDtJiain«mn- 
liiiiu, bjtd (^TlliTctcd all iruiy lu Aioiyriii, «)d prfBct*! 
Lite iirujiu^itli id A- fur |h4u;, A UitUu wu lavuliti 
ut {'KUf^mt'ln, ivHoiit I^LrnkilfAfrom AtUI** QiC^ AHl. 
JeuEjei •atiinnt^ tlie forrxu <if Tiu-iui at £0(\QOt) monj 
l>irK]L->riiii, Am»ii, »nil rinlKrnh nt rni-tTfi thui doubta 
thftl nuiribef , Xi^t'VttbiiTjiTidln; the ImTHpnw nLiEiiwi* 
iilI nijvjii'ilt^ u! hi* tiiL'uiy. a, wm nut [4 unimknt 
doubtful of vickJty- Ai ibt; bofcl uf hii caffclrT W 
jtttni'kod tbc Pcrtiiuui, Mid J^:puhd thir^iiL imm ALJAlfll; ; 
Iw 1.If<<I] htutantd lo iha uid oE hip Lift 'winj;* wliuih 
luvl bei^b in tb« mr4itiii>f> vnverply pivHivl. JEia 
ifHh ttB* in ljik.f nr kill Ihrldnunf IVnii Thr IfttWr 
i#&a vf\ oil clrviital idiiLrii^t tu tbu uidit gf Ida Ivdy 
^uKiIi^ T)]cic wlitri tliay u« liuw A. iiVDiihnw 
Qir^-ry tbiti^;, fEuJ- Dani^a tbou mi^untoil j^ hunv ami 
Htnl likeviEOf iHtving hi' luinv, lui^gEOfn. atiiJ tmmDh'W 
trrMfiim* ti> the victor. J^^byloit kihI Siiu, vh«nt 
tbp ricL» of iha y.ud lAy ikccaaiLlfttoI. oiruan] thtsir 
j^trfl lu A,, wliu iliix.-L?tciLl hu amttb Uiwu-i-d* Tiriw* 

KEia, Ijh** Uhilnl uf Pl-ihui, TIicuhIj phul:c lltitbcr, 
^'la: PtniJji, *viu doFiriuEnd hy iO,it-Hl piuii uitdvr 
Arir^btniUf A. atiat^ki^il them in the rvnr, muted 
thi>iTt, Bml tnt^Tvil I'eneprilin (rinuiiibniit 

I'hb jflnry i>l A- now tx^-jui ut ili'aljitf- Mjuter 
of tluj uirontut cmjiiio in llin wurid, hu Ixicwiic ft 
fllava to hi* Liwia |KWiinn»: fltvc ImDairlE iip t^ UTn- 
ganco iviiil diBiu|Atinn; Ahn^iTod tinidelf taiaer&ti^fht 
HPiE aiielt ati/i, i^nt trntj an ]>k4'Tir&^ iibpji tot' ttl^iL-hl 
of hill Irrnvc^t ^n^mlf. llltbrrlfi anf-wr wni iiiridu- 
nU« tlib hrju, >^hu fipive lu rjiulE t3ii] i;i)di. HUik to 
tbe level Iff iiil^-»r muiu Iqn Lil iif iuiuxicjilloH^JUKt 
iH roma Wky, nt tJio inatigHtJoa of bha Atbnniaii oior- 
iMAip TI11U4, ha Jiat flro tn the pidjK* cf iVnqlWiHA, 
Oiifl ot iho wonden oF tbe vmld^ AabUUf d >>' thU 
kct. hf fpt ^i]t uilli bin miniry t'l piirauc l>iLrlui^ 

kiiiic pniudiT, ba bufltcncd Iup mnrdi vibb Ihe Lvpd 
cjf Diiviiif; bim- But Boimq, VTbcn be inw tunzvlf 
cFoMily pimtiod, oaaicd Djuian to be bnuunAtnJ 
r|l (' '.<^n}, hi-cvHD tif v(w D-n irnp«i1imi'nE fa hu 
(Eifbt, A. Ichulil. on ihfr fronticm of BucriaiUk m 
U.vlnu iiiA^i, L^jVurL'd in jLb v/uiLUihi* IvUi^ hx b vbonot, 
ll *M JJniiiE*. TIic ?lli!^duiii4m betv vktiIJ nwl n- 
■tnin hid Lcivm- Aftor iiilurring bim with bH ihd 
bonoun uauihl among tbo P^mAit*, 1iv toi^k pouea- 
*i4^D nt )lyTv«niit, tlio InJiJof thr Uwi, uvd BiH> 
Irioiuk. luid o&uhciI hlmfcif to bo pruchduiP"! hin^ of 
A>U. Ud ttjij fiPrmiQi; alUl Tiiufv ^''hE^i'li^ pl*nf, 
when ■ fuuapiiikL'ir Lt-jke uat in bio I'^n oarup. Pbi- 
lutui. tbt urm if P&JAtiiiic*. waa uiipb~iL4tfd. A,, not 
ntialinl ttith till Mihk! of Lli*- ion, riLlllpr.'d tflD Uther 
^^Ky til hr virrotJy uiurdfltHL TliiH arluf ItijiixtJcfl 
eicdlciJ i^iriim] dlftptflOEiinf, Attbc ^luiia HiuUh blft 

Sji#ct iu GitipoB vr«4 tbftatoDfld. Airit, king of 
bhrUp bad DulkctL'd 30,000 men to Bbabi> ulk' tJw 
MaoadoniAri yok«- but AnUpaturH tt iha head of ft 
nunt^Tniia nrmy, oi«**in9 iho Kputuitv and di*- 
vnkrH Hw Ubfftip ctf the Cifoka. Tn the mturtliuei, 
A. iijiuvUt) in lUfl wjntiT tTiiKu^h ll^o ii^^iih at 
Aala u far u tt •\'m (b?n kooirnj tihcckod actthd 
T 



06 



XLE3t\>n>Eli TOE crbat^ai-exakdeh seveeus. 



tiT mmnl Oumm«< w*r ih» Ocut^ %nd pA<ili*>i th* 
Ciiifqvk MB, tdlhurvt unkanvn t* tte l^tTVAkt Xn- 
■kiiiUii oF glAOj, Mvl tUntilQl far conqLial, lia 
■pand Dft PVHi iLo b^tnlaii u( Hn StrytLUoii, it^ 
hiniiaf t« BikCtnui^ ho bopod to fua tho ■fTccUooi 
«f Ibt V«rmtM bj MBuauflf Ibair dm ui Dun- 
ntn, bat thb bop* nna net raaJiinl, Th# divnont^nt 

Id llw iiwMi pf tHUi. A-, uhoia pride be M of- 
hwlwl Idlbd blm wiLh hm uivli liiuid aX, m tiviquL-L 
CVbM had bean oeh^ «f bu mcM ^lUul frtendi *nil 
la>i it ipnawJi, A«d A> vm tfbirwudft « prvy to 
lia iMrtirt nmtffK Jji (h* foUAunhj; yoitp hv >nb' 
dDAd the vhola of ftog41«Uk Uif utn, one of t)iv 
kadin of tiiiu vratay, linU accuppJ hk f^iuLl/ In k 
CBaUvVnillQti Loftr rusbk ^le HftoecIuuUun •tunur-l 
iL BarftiiK 13m ilfeUj^bloF of Oxju4»h mta of llio 
nK«t t^Batifu] vitj^M of Ant, wu vnon^ tbi> ^ri- 
■onnrv. A ff^l) ir Invr vilh 4Arl (nmnpii hit, IT]vtii 
thf newi rir th\m, Uxyvnm ibrut-hC H Int lo ivhmlt, 
vvl camo to Uaeimn »licf« A. r«tilvpj LIjh wliii <lj^ 
tibcliua. Hem » new ix<ii>|jitiKy vm ill*i:uvtrcJ, nt 
lb* bead td vhlob Wia HDrmolhua. itnii lUBDng thn 
■HOCBpHMi ColtuUieiui, All thn ooEiapinton tven 
oaitritnnM tn ilaiACh, vnrvpi r^IIiBili'nM^ nrhn vtu 
UOlUtlckL dod urrlcd ibnut nlLL the umy^ In on Irm 

Mfei Untu lie IcTUiiiii^ htm UinutTilU Vj lAJjJULL, A- 

■BBvri|f kfiown «viiii l>y uvnf. iii punxl Uiuloiltu 
(Bs C 3S7), uic] fftrmwl ui iIliKiiDn ttiUrruilqi, thf 
nlvr irf Lhs pri^nn >M3niTid thl* rltK'> vhn kHtat^d 
bim irllfa (fWipe* ud 130 etcphuu^ Cnndnotod b^ 
Tudluat 1m Kiiiui.^(4 i^wneU Ui« five/ ZlyJiuiun. tlie 

HMBfOOF Wliub Pw,«DOllHrkiD(^ Jufultifuil ottbfi 

Mad «f hit araj. A. ocuii^uflrei luoi iu a VIekhI^ 
balfl^ teok him pnannvr. Ml nelor*l hxat (n hu 
Uuiim. fl# thin roHrrh**! v|(itftfinti«ly ibmiich 

inv tv PluUmli, Ufriity UihJj*, uiie uf wlu^lt h[;uikl1i:J 
Ha^pkifa, nJtot hU lii^nr^ vbich bvl botn kiltrd <^n 
tb* ltTt(fkiip««, Intc«ii^iit'4 \fr iTipr<Ki, ]i« intomliHl 
teadvupa u Iv «■ th* (*4AjtH. ^b^n 'h" min^im 
of till aro^ eoiDpelEtU him Vi tcliitd. In 'Mnic vhti^b 
hi m* aifiotal iv ^Rai dtn^uiv. ^Vhtu ba bwl 
nacbed tba lIjdH|ie«t be biutla fle*b, in wlucli bik 
ant a nrl 9t ha uur dcnrn tba ilra, irliile the met 
|iFwtn*4««1 tl'img ihff huiLiL Oii liiii nuu-oli. be eii- 
iiHiBI'TkI biinn.! IniLlikik prnfv*. ■in'1 lEnrlnjf t^flajffifv 
af a towa belou^m; Uv xht" y\\\U], vti werel/ 
vmndad. lUTliigrQL-vvirpil. tictnuLiuucflEibiawti, 
■flid ^«B Iba LucJuB. ■□<■ Oiu* renting Ui« Mm 
Vaanhaiit bu admiml, lailcd heaet la ibe iW^ui 
gulf, vbil* X. dircattd bii manli bj bsd to Babylnn. 
Ifr hkd btV]tiii]flrt1imD|[1i immfTku rbw^ta. inuhinh 
4he iTTal'r' ran of hli army, (kiti'jjie of w^r luid 
Ikigijj pciiidird ill itx bauiI. UiiEf iLi.' fuurUi pp&rl ut 
Iba InKpfx "i^J wlui:]^ ha LaiI kI cut (^lhucilI Vj 
PeniiL Od bu ntuln bcijucUnl mvonJ DidiinicB, lUid 
l^ivwd prvamfdv c<vvr v^H:itit|inFiinEvK In Stiat bo 

af h^ Uaeadonlaiu vhjn had nuiMeti I'oBlan mniAn. 
bauB il vka hm liiUeiiun ti> uuile ibt IflO naiii-iut 
m ffaaalT aa pe—ibte. He d»tHbe%ed rieb fdwuiIj 
ww^lbtmira. AtOiiU,4atlHT[tTr^b«(l«Urf[ 
hb iMiBtlea «f ending Ih* ihmtida litim* Tviiii 
|iMHaUL TlMTBt of tbaarmynmtlixml; tiut hfipf'T' 
aMtd, mhI 10>OI)0 veteraiu kI unl fof kioiQK S>rn 
altor, Ua laivaiila, Uepbeialivii. dint Ilia ^nel »■« 
oalsude^ aad ha bvn«d hit bodv wilh ra nil ap W- 
4Mr. ObbiireteiiilMBKet«luiaboBelp]r1«b,tba 
■ijlilan^ ar* Kid tf> h^i* pikLicaad thai tUa edlr 
«OB|d be ratal to him. TTie teptaatMlcm €f Ui 
MeBdikduffO biiDied^ptiiA tbeHwaiullfL Da 
■eoft tu Balrjlea |B. a >il}, where uaq- Cov^TA 
nled for hiv, ud waa afegcd in m- 



iBTutra plana for the fnlun. wtxin he bMome ivd- 
^riilv •;<-([, nfUT a tvii^iixr,, i^d dltti in a Few dan. 
22'^ IS.C t^ucEi vu ihetrjil of tbli cctrkquofer, lit hii 
30d nar, aft« a r«i|fa uf Iwlvc ytiMV aiiU dsbl 
iBoawa Ha leA beUnd him 4ui iinminac tfo^rot 
whiob became Ihe eena of eentinuU \raT*. He bad 
ilfvi£3uit«d Tin heir, and haiag Mked hyhU fHendi l« 
irhnin ho Jefi iho pmp^. nuiwenid, "To the vo^ 
ihlDBt," After uianj JiaturbancMt Uie (fencnUii w 
kitdwlcjjjnl Aiidji:u>»Blnliaura wy weak mtiid) lli« 
foaof FhiLipuiEl thedanoer PHIinBaiand AIaxao4er. 
the pcthumoqi noa of A. aad iLaiana, aalriwrs and 
dividn-i iba [TmrinDio amon^ thaaucLvH^ endor tho 

ulii-D A. un bu deaih'bcd bail ifistrn hii tinr. [inma 
luljiiiteruf 1.tu: Likforil kiM^^n. Tba bad^ <^ A. Maa 
iuboir^iJ hy Plulcmy iu Almanrlri* in n ^nklon cnffib, 
and di*ii]* hanoun mre |iald to hiin» j>i>t t^W m 
Kifjjit. hilt aEiiA in nthrrmnittri^^* llimurrnplir^ii, 
■dncv ES03. bui bppn In lh<- Itrltlih mii»«r;m 'I^o 
roEtfn uf A. eunttilulci an Eiu^iur-tara yerivd ia Iba 
luihsry of buitukEiitx, Ilia corrE^rw-u twl mtttlr m 
«nea of erbp(<r ^mquoiiU, Wl nv ik1[iiDi]«tl tirith ibo 
miHt Lin|inr1njal mulU. ITie knj^iLai^, itnd micli 
fif thp flivkhmtinft nf lirmv, fulLr^wH in hu tJ-»*'-li ; 
larjjt aiiiJU^nnf nm nuula to Uia HlFncca of j^vrv 
(iLy. iiBLuifJ Liabui^. jbc^i A mat} tiMi oiKutJ tojiuliji; 
mill ihi ptuduOU nf the Futlie*lea*l wo^ mUoiIutnJ 
mlu i:urop«, Grodc lun|fdonu unJLir hi* ^utml* 
utd tlioir *iT«MtiBifl* amrtinnBd tit •titb in Aiia far 
nmtnncB. Arnrvn, Dlndnnia, l^liAairih, and drrtliit 
an^Lhe iouroc«rmm whence tbefalitoi^oF A. bdrawL 
(f5ro ^V'LlllaTllfl' LLFq <jt AleunJcJ', Orut«'i Uialvir <4 
UrHCfi, ^War* IVfiotlAtnM irncC fr-Mc nf^t If jpa^ 
IbSS, fto,) iSraenfTcr or /iilniiffr ia tba oriuiitAj rtaaia 
of A. 

Ing toKHncw (be natural eon uf AuUocbuB £^pkaoi^ 
hut aMuxUiajf (u uiLon a f^itm^; ui^i vt nioin «x> 
ti'kctiov a& fUiaJcL aubomtd Ljr HcnelidGe^ at lb4 
iiintipkCiciE of Ptalfl&iy, AtlAliin, nini ArikrBt]i«B, tg 
p*r«ihtLAta thn vn cT Antkochii', 4fid iiniiM' tlitvt titlje 
trt Uy <'lnJni Vi tb*«Tiffn of Syna, m opj*fniLlipn to 
Dt<ii]i?tf[Lit, 111 a hiLT LotwEKU the two ouuijxtium, 
A, i^utUki. au, U£. 

ALEXVcHini JA^'K'Vttn, kio^ oF Ibe Jem, ene- 
oeed*4 la Ilia tlirodis B, C. 104. tlUfaiirlb hMh«e 
«nr1fi4V0iif<nd tii ilfl^ivf bkm at thi* nmvn, an'l 
vru put Xn AfMh. A Irvnn hit raign by lead- 
log u annj afaludt IV^lrELian. but vu oUlevd to 
foliini Iv dofoutj kia vHEi didumivii* ncaiiut Ptolamj 
lielb^Toa, frbd »*a JufaeLed oa tba buka 0f tba Jor- 
dan, lie aulHai^LiBiitlr oEAqueivd Ga^ made var 
fin thn Amtiima. utH van «<n^pHl m ^iiamiEi vilh 
hi* ovn lutji^cta. A/tor rwEnctii]; thriL to cvdet. be 
OtandfJ hi>i.v4iir)iirflLllLiv»uijli J-'jiiA, lUiUiwiafe AraUai 
util I'Limicu. <Ji[ ntumiiii;!" JeniBeldBa,hatkvel«u 
LiiPHilf t>dF)iLkiii|t ajti|ih]!4Dr'b<ry, aaddH^B.O, TP- 

Al-KX*S(tnlB SiYtBT*!, m Hi-man ompw^r, wma 
htm at Arrr, in Phrvninia, In thn yv^r Una A.TK 
He vai (ht fon of GtDiatDa Uanhanui and ef Mam- 
lum^ Jijf lu to \\ie riiipirior flvienu. Ue '»■• adkiiir* 
»h]y iOuca<tAt by Lii ubAkcr^ auJ wm *i5'i[ii«ii and 
mado <.Vaar by hi* «ubUi HeliuA^co^ litn hn| a 
fnw y*±r% nld«r tkan hitakill, al ih* prudent innlifft- 
ilon'df their unirunon fintuJmatbv, Mvik That con- 
(cmj^tibtD emps^r, bevever. ■eon ffTe* Jealoue of bu 
□uuaiii. aiji Hiri>1d havv daMraytd bio ivl Cue llw ib- 
lerfereaoe vf il.i pntloriMi gf K wbe ■«■ iAer 
pat HeUoiil>iiJua biiuelt to dadl^ and nfaMi AleK- 
andfrtolbaimpenaltlifnllytii bii ITtb ntt, Uaivb 
lltl^ 31A. Alaawkdar a-lopud tha nablft modid r^ 
Tti^ and Ibe AnienlDct: aad the mode bi arhn^ \m 
rittdnUartJ tbe aAIn el ibe emplny ud otbrrtri«a 
e«eeipaaJ ManriF In fcetryi | JiiloM^j, and UlcealDre, 



AUix&^Dcn. 



99 



b i^tMntU <t«Hrib»d by Gibboti. On th» v^lwl*, Ih 

Cwvtd My ^th !n poan %aA tforz bu^ vKntovtr 
mSglil oip* la tha ^md cducAUon pica blm t^ hi* 
BlMtliN', Uv illohHd tuTA iLdumuf tiUluDUi:!} in tbr 

CnrdH « funiklv fmUtfniJ lA0ijrnf«L II* hinuffli 

iiiiHd liU I^LiaI rrvdrvnm ta niUlrAil him, uid b u]il 
•n luT» frtirmbdivd bji umtlivr ivIOi lilk ih Jii^ brratli 
M <1^* HOBV (if tho diivit<*r nhicb lubl ln<ji4l!^n tb^m 
bvth, A. b«liHV0i) V]th ^f«nl nmciKuijinity in on* «f 

^pm frwHiit iDniTFtotinDi oi tb« lowlorun gvitidc; 

rnt, •HlMr fmm Tup of luwDMlt j, he kUovtd uuuijr «d 
■Mr Hditiant ^lutlulea Ui pvw uitiiituhtwd, ■lltwoali 
in titm of llii:iit llwy tuunliinil ilwir prvffofc, ihti 
|»uni4| Uwyor rt|^iuiL Wit] ia )U3<>tbfff UDkpttlilnl 
Dion CAHiiii tho hutoriftn^ ibfli) voDfot, torotin Utrt 
Uitli^jA. At Itit^'lb^ umtcrUklDj ui eipwl^tknn 
tnta 0&ii] t4 Ti^iiPNA i\Ti Intiir^ion tf tho Cirnnnjii, 
Ilu Mini jiiDnliu'L-J vitli b]> mi>tl]i=r in m imumi'lAiu 
vf h4 GnJlifJ LriKtita^ huaclril I'j Uin i>rijtAl ami £>)£■■'- 
ttd TLri»wn» Muimln, vtio look ndvuiti^ of tbtfii 

^^HOnhtnl M llw coipdrn/t Mtcmpto la n«Mv di«^- 
lln^ 'Vhia event bftppta«l ia Uio j^ ^£30, kT l«r a 
niicn of tliirtBvi juat*. A . tm ^vimnbEn m Chrli' 
ttult^, follunrlnc the preillliHtlmui uf Ilk tacftluir, 
^MvamKa; Jdid lie U lajil ta harm pUcvd Uid jiUIlju 
of Jvn CbH^I in ^lia pnvitM braiplai ii wrjiponj 
vllb il»4 Iff Orphtai unt Ap^Uoifw TfUitu4 Itx 
raion, llu Oirifttiui writ«T« lU npflsk vny Iavouf- 
ahljr of lilm, llirnnHiiTi, vn lli« oditrary, iU."fU*r» Hat 

lut molhrr; but oxlttbiu a Ui^po'vibJiiJi to dou-act front 
Ul jpnd ohanotor lu *U ^OAHfoiv in » viy that 
tmfi— hb «vidoeie* twy «u>|iMDUft lli w tlirlM 
RMnM, but ]ef t nrh i^hiMmn. .^Hluji lAfuprtJEuiMli 
llMfrdlowtngvini^iUTiitnFyikf A.—O^nlitOuiulliiH, 
m ftomvi artiftW. ixiiifpim] K^innt hhn. A,. Ictu-nlnif 
lb»CMl,Bffiit forO«Jmue,tti»uLvd lilm fif r hta villin^- 
mom ta mUcfo biiki fmia iJio bunJuu of j;uvvniaDai» 
ud ih^i pTDcIumol btm hii 4!i>U«flaiic?' A- tiav f«ve 
biB«lnuah(ai|r\ tbnt bo b>ji hiLnlfy tiria to bmtlia, 
, aid on tii« brMkfnc auI af x untr witb ArtntfnvA. 
Utt UtSgam Co vrbLali A. niKsod hiioKi-tft atk) wbjcl 
. Ovlnlu wai anupeUal to «DAr?) rttr ■jVffK''b?lui<J (hn 
IhliDr, lb»l kt lut ]i« bnuiL^lib A. Ii> l^cniiit hmi t« 
■hAqtd to 4 privulM ttatba- Hs wts iu't'onl]ii(jljf aj- 

AUEXAADIA'. thf nvDV af vrf^'eml jif>pc?pi. AI^t- 
ftaiW L rti^M fj'om 109 to llf>. ninl la known unlj 
mib^iiu^ LutTifluucd tbfl tJ*e of Wy- Hitler, — A. IL. 

ti«^ 30, lOfll, riiW Id lh« p*piJ tbrona bjf ibu | 
fwtir n' llildf bcTiJiri, utt'i-wurrtB Gregory Vll , wbil* 
Ch» Jbdllpmta of ttiB Grrman kin^.nnr] nf llieriohlHlV [ 
lOf EoOUL cfacBt QarkorlLii IL nt Dulo. Tliw antl- i 

CB eiptUol A. trvtu liumr, bub HJtdrbniiil, \iitu i 
pml of lb* papal ipivuniiLjDnt. ruppurlcd }iiiei; u | 
■rand »t Cob>^* doknawltidgBd Mm m I0d2,uid ibu i 
ftfiotuu th*Rii«lvMmvolt9l,En tUfi^, fmm Himuriini, 

ThOM A, lkl1-lil)isl qilltl pOfBOBlOD of KoiUPt OlJlJ of 

th« pftjial tumor, wblub, hi^vitvcr, HlldcbiMid ikd- | 
BinvtctTtl m b£> nbuifl. Tbe |fap*l bulb, tbtrduco, I 
■gBinal liTTn^rititiini^ ju^inat tbu itEornn^d af pnoeta, 
nd tb* diwiifffw -»( Hrtity IV ,nnrl Uio bbii^bty mirn- 
kMCU nl tbit kin^ Id itpprar litrfurfl flip {upil ctiijr, 
moil be iwrrlLwl lo blio influtn';? vf Llitilcbruid whn 
veU LAc wiuk A Jl. n* Lji ti*^!, A. ilicJ Lu l^)"?. 
Atl^ (Itf^bvf NiuWna 11. in lOGI. Hktc cimiii^l a 
MKr« diKtiHion iiL Ihu cEaj^lDrAf imIIv^, 'i\<i inn 
MJIj rif lh» airlih4l>, nmlifr Hid mtbi^iKi i>r HiMe- 
'uwiil. vbhtd to pmnixl Itrm pit lately bi the cl#nrJiiD 
'if ft n«w pope vtthtii^l wihitiikg for tbv liuj^rml huil^ 
Iko; tlw pvly ti t]» Itiduu ptiawsi Ufetiug ikt ktur 



hojkd tho onunl of Tutculmn, iuuitc*!, rti tbv mb* 
tntyn Ihit lUt I'lybt cJ i^btjui lur ifl-ilh Uiw <mpn«r 
H*rrx IV,. [Jibfi a mjiiiar, rmLii«» ihn t^iiwIiuiilLj^ t/i 
Um motljiir, Uifl (iiiprm A^m- Tl» two pfcitia 
HDt iJiTpuU'v tu kbn iiJipcrU] oour^. liiota ul Ibc car- 
dinolt trilled for <biod dbja. vnd nluriKrl Ut I^»lut| 
vlthout h4¥tii(f ftbUuEWl ui audidivo, 'llvni, aflvr 
tbree fnonU*, thn Piwlinal^ prrtrJuimi^rl ^nivlrn, 
blilyifkOf l,unfiL, wIki trkik th»(|lml^nf Affinfilf IL 
FtTtjji UuH LJinf, tJjpr po[>a b^TQ diipcritiid iviib tho 
unctinnof tlt^MUpvior {Sw f/ft.'/ur.w ViL;— A- III. 
roJ(:Tivil from Il&O tollHI^ Abd■trL]i^;]cd^«jlhtJtfiou■ 
fflitnkt^ but uudbuhtiud ctnira^, bgAJual tbo pnHy iif 
Lb* empoiw PWlintk 1 . iiirl tb-. jji!i|.<ipji» Viator 
rV., F>»hU III., ami t^niitioji HI., w)ii> itwc. oiio 
iLflvr tbM ubboTt «4:&1iut him. uud«r Ibt uDcUonof ^o 
?m|>oror Ficdtrick Bubwub Ud ^vaa vblijttU t" 
fl» loFnii» Elk ItCli «h«» Lc livt^ tu 'Sam, imtil 
tb* diiHCiif OftioD <]I liib l^DiTibjknii wilb Lb« jTOVtm- 
fi>nit r-f FmtfofJL'Er, II10 uuxtaitLMt cf Ibo l^onniiD 
fdtlnii&atiakl (iriiim, imd tti" i1r<Ajnr nf K\,<\ Rnm^fiB, 
o]»Dvd fr *MV fiT hia nliim. Li HUG, Uv uow 
vlmif^tfcened bjj |>oviGr by * Lra^iw «iUi Ibn cilica <jf 
L«iDhu<Jy/bL>l HO* obli(^ tu nlir?. En 1107, before 
UL*iinpniaiuTay,Bi^(l ividod \ti tiouvvuiiLo. AiiK^piii. 
Olid Traikw, llulll affiT tbi^ vjrtfiryof tU Ijiiribuiln 
DTitr tbb nnptfTcr xi AiO^wwia, fiallitwi'^l bv l^if prww 
nf Vcninn (no buoiiliitUiiL' I^ tlio I'ndv^if iLt^i-iuprrur 
Fr^prioli. whb wm h*mpr:llEd tc- kim Um f?<:l jtm) 
brtM th« itirrupuf A., ia IHT), tbu ikbduntivu v( tbu 
tliinl fibt.i|>ojw, All J iLv nluniuf tiiif Ti^ior to i^omb. 
A- blT>rib^i4). oliii. Hunry II , kiiiif uf Fii}fliin4. «hfi 
luvlei|»HiJ Uflm-lf t» ibojv|iiil vrii^wic? by tbo 
niiMiiaftUofl vf Dvckct Ino Idroie aci wbiclt tbo 
G«un lAd En^lUb uTorBigii* wen n*l4irDd to im- 
vt>nr^ v*n tvcb m to inonaH tlu power ol iht pop* 
in iK>th coTii^lrin. M« plBrmyi Alfanto Jf. on tha 
thrrmn nf Pitrti)4,'^, hfA Uid &;i7Uxn'1 iilnlur 411 in- 
tcnllct on ftf<yjunt of the Jkolitdicfnai cjf Hvt kknu- 

'i'ltPlTtlt uf tuB lilUfUlB uUoflf loOdod to Ull^jIUClil liir 

pftpaJ powor^ uid hi* pflrtMBiioj «U'6rti wc^b *0!1- 

tiiiuPcL, in tba ■pint of Gnsory VI1„ liU Uu f^od 

flf bii detlb- TJii* pop* fflinonlii«l St IJ«-TviM-— 

A- TV., ominl of fteerii and ciTd]iiHJ'b]>ih<tp nf Ontin. 

HceLLlcd iLe J4|hJ tlimiti^ i[i 12ij4, *t 11 wi^ uafuv 

i>iijub1a ^iLir. At ihiB tiirtfl tliv pvpvftiWiard fpu- 

prtiiiia autborit^ v-vt iJiu biiii^JnTju of tLo two Sit^w. 

Iwc'iLiiM? thf r-uij«n<r l^rcJurLck Ii. \vtfl dioJ wbtJit 

fifociuirniiEiLi'atarl ^iv tbt tbumli- A. (ilF^n^l UiiAkiri^' 

Anm. wblcli Via doitued by MiuifivJ. iIlo^t][i]:ita bqu 

, oE Uie kiL" FiLivivr. to EJmond) *oii(jf Jlunrv Jil- 

, i>f EuifloJiJ. but lli» profDCI vnu not caj-HimI ovL 

I Couqurfcd by Mabfrrd of SfoUy, bnpLlfatoii Ui Ui« 

JuutvIh 4»f llifl Cuplrilu ELod (JbiLoULQEet d«pifd ja 
Uly, ll]impii]«i, with ^iirHl irttflntiahi, and 1 ]is*ce- 
I ahlii ilk[in«]Llim< wan \m\\ bIiI* U> pivTUUk e3^i:r li> 
I bia pnyun or b4i'»ojuimi;LtJcihtkpii4lwb'iiJitrci«ou]y 
I bLiih'bcU at), iha dittuFbaiua* pntailiuu over tbo 
I wbulD I'omitrv. JU hbdBAlh, b )M1,ba left H^b 
pkj4l puwur to B tUI* of pnal weaJliniB^ — A. V , jl 
UiwlsfrumCanplii, miliar tV namoflf I'et^r I'bUnrsrL 
A mondli^Dnl frliLr. hiw Lo l3ie diuiuiy uf idrdiud 
uudvt luQix^ciit Wl.y and has tiLoun pope ia ItOO, 
wboD •cvDEitH^ y<>uii nf »£o, by tibe ooBiHnf oif PtM,ab 
tEiD H.E110 tlmvViU iteantipiipMCiwoiy XIL and 
ti^&lLi^t Xill Ha vu«MiBld«rvd bj tbe BPMter 
pitrt nf rhmttfndcm Iti^'IUualo pcpih butoarrW bU 
pTixiiLnOiiy ai^l lumiy in DliIpikea. iflivii; be txu- 
Dtuhtl^ ET«Lilf^]j liiBa4xbat( iDJkiHi-LLii |i> Uid uiloroto 
of tbi- cbuTL^b- At tba ooqacd uE Vvnx bd prnmiavd 
to FufiiFiu tbo Ahuvi proiVKibiiR in tbn nhuMi^i, \n\% 
fMik rin fitL'pa lonanti il. Ho wila oonii^lotrJy ruled 
by C4m3i]]il BKltUuar Cuhw ubo Kiixvoded bbi 
uuiIpf tbc iiaiuirid Juljii KXIII. VVbJlff oocapbd 
in ibe oobdamaatioii el tb« doclnaea of WieluUTtt 




100 



ALEXANDER Vr^ALEXANDElt SRWSKOI, 



iad tn p*h7Hrt»l1ivn for ihtr IrUt o| xhv Rnhnminn r?' 
former Iltitt. h&Lll^^ in ]tlf>, probiLb]> bv poison. 

WH ojjplovcd, when canliaiJ Chiyi, u pn-p^ nuarin, 
tn nt^ncUtiomt ci pnaca aX Hoattor wii OitHLtrufkn 
iLiiil trrw rorttfid on uwunt Af hia pion* *»l for thu 

oiuoevh Ue An* ihtm Bftv-aic run i^f n^v, Ht 
turrDUbiTed luman^lf *rith ah\t'ri und ijiTonil-'iLr, Vk'J 
ft|>[>HU-fMl in thf rha-mnT-^r i1 nn intn7iiiii|f ]hilj1ifnim. 
In lOAA. hfl t^tYiUM In % !iii"ti in'V">fl"*"t mMm^r 

bOunCdTJf LLithtniaiauj, 1^ b< rrn^^vnl iutu tUe Ho- 
luiali cburdi, I'oe bu ■cccjqiilipf kk fniHlcmidtLDq 

?iJHfT«>li in ahirh hn viam [uiniv>|i>iH|irfy tnvoKvil in 
'nncct tec fumjfTK Ho qvLnrrfEltMl iitiifinly kIlKl the 
Hurbuane ftn<t tliu ^tLhiiitijt. Irnt o^n iffiili kjti^' 
|«jcijji XIV.. i^J tliat iJiu ULWf itetUiml wuj At-Aiil>b 
bim. t™ik Avi^iri] pdiil Vcnni™*!, nnJ fi'm-J Kim, 

iinprciVKEnt-niH m thi* flTj lif Haiihi, bit iitlMnpU at 
poetfy. bikI encfivn^iDfiiil of [tiu-nf<] [ntii. ^xrald nnl 

indBCDllifj bbc It^JiUkU L^JlLlL fuE lllU I'llt »! dUllllHltV 

Xrv 1^ 'lolWrr ri[» Ai'ipnim anil Vi"n*iiift(ni xn-i Uy 
rtdoiiDoo ihfl privilF^a ticlr»ni^iij- to Iho iiuiLrtpr of 
bu mEiitMAaAJut ill l^uuju II*- iuji|»lie<J tlu? VtutLimiiTi 
viljj ntra, Eu'in^r, ikiLi] »]ij|iii b'^'arrt 4itL a vror a^'hinvt 
Ihii Turl.». !,«■ int^cil upj-.n tUo iv^aJ "f lh» dmrth 
Ihnri nn aiit-u<liin(r Iiib own tntniW, hn lUitn-ftl V(ii> 
firinilriTiinJitioo *^l the font urtii'l'm rif ihff ifnlUmii 
tijuruli, tit or^vt to Kiln wAtatiU^ti fur lui rrliilltiiik 
ill] w^A luitliJc' timmilB l1)L« JmiilL^^ mrjd tLriiilcmUn) 
ihcit do(~tnn0 of tlid |<hi]o]b»f»]iic4l uti; cEPnJrmtiLiLU nl 
Iha lami- Umti tliiitj nno lVm*« n-pf lb* Jtnkntif, 
i1*in< JfiiYtrn ( 'i'hfi library a| Ih* Vftl^tvnLiiiulnhtf^i 
ti> liLm fur thi< |iiir.-h&w nf Ifao PKC#llr<nt Utwy of 
qgocliCliHaUEUof ShcOch. A\ lij* dtsth. kc iIIvMrI 
■Aiojif bit Doptntwi all iIm arejiiuv hs lukl atiiu^cJ, 

it wuld bar* b^vn Tvttvr for tb* e^unJi bod ihv 

In lOlP]. tliflilj-ono ;«An olil. 

Al*CXA5[>iLA VI , a |xitK nut'-KitLii fur Id* [tfvHi' 
^Kjt VK* Wunl Vii]eui:Nt, jn E^juvlti, la 1441, ud 
mcmJuI tb« tt^P'^ tlirc-ba in 1 ff^n Iiia ctHidUihii] 
Jfeliiwfrnp HA& li it luiniA tvaa TCndrign l.«.niii4ib; 
bDl MlnJe tb* nnmivnl ami nnoivn'il n«m» of hi* 
BhUw^i fUnlLy. Uorvtft. In bli jouth hv nu iHitnl 
b« ifUupnliuii. lLuu[;1i mri Ji^lilxiW uf UjeuL. U* 
kftd ftvfl duldroD, by a *T.EUbJi fjAtQun fat lj«r txauty, 

noit Inown; 1)>* lalt^r vu funr lim** muirivil, «ml 
«M ■ la ptotti i ol buHtuou IfibttOddn* with hei 
EttbiE Mkd brDiberm. A. w niAdc « ardtiul tty 
p4T|>e C^ltLid nr^ lib nmUnial uli^lv. By Wilnnw 
ihn cudinalB AJcjfU, Itiuin, Ahd (jil», bn pmnuxii 
hi* WkT trt 1^* |«|i4l tbffinfv 4ftvr tha doatb rif Iniio^ 
rwwiK VllL Th* UuijC iYALil*n44i "f lb* fiji** m 
Avignon, at AdtitAimlrainLlvlrdoiDiEuoiii in luJ^r, 
hid tlfminhlvH botli IIkIt wtburltv uul rvtvinia. 
^DuL« ap ^ tbui Lm^ A. Vt. OHiGAVobroi bi im^ 
pur tbt power of ibe Euliui prineu^ wid ■*!» upon 
tbairpniHWBAA, f»r di4 bwi*it of bi« om fujuly. 
TVi miX tbli toid, ha aaplcgrHl tb« uwt ««ioniMn 
■MUM Hkinlle;, fldMn •■ wvU m domMlo. W4» 
Iridlw totiliM^pwikfdMljrinawgMocf FVmwr 
w4»UBf, Charto* V*in.,nlu>aieii]<. Uc ^a- 
d«i>««Jhowtp*oitmcilBinwiu«aiiEuBDf taDiL«y fruoi 
■0 CbriituA oouDtMiL To <l«fny hi« iuvkviH M- 



fH^i'H bfl iinpcKiMl, und^t prpt<*nM nf n cniudo^ cfto 
EiTMKite tuM en all Cbiltiian iibin: t<^vy1nff. In 
VvjiiiT a[v(ju. a ■■LIU <i^ uaI in ivl?1u1iL t>T00 puundvuf 
f^j[i1. 1l< mid iiulidi^ncfj, ukJ not meiId, lo ftTi^ur 
uF biiDtvlff ttia -i^illn uf ■Bvand ctntiiiBlt. Hu ■*- 
iin*d*i rniiiii-cl a^jr;<t him Lib pnwaviiii #1at^iinHV nf 
Jfrrnnr" Sjurjnin-ilrv, \ FldTTOdli* Dnffilnlmn. wlm, hy 
|ie(i imd pul^ji. iii^Lrl bis dcvwitluL Finally. ui>h- 
Dvti. tbe (jLitufV iiu'ly iriui/idiUdt aud &«vvnariib tnvL 
liii di'btb al tilt aULc In IllkB. A. V[, itddided ihu 
4&iiputa brtwoLiii ihc kiuEtn '>' rc>rlu(pd md TtutJla 
rthn<riiiii^,\mxtif[i,div]ilii>glhHmMi(tiiMlB, m 14VV, 
liy « but rviiiLiijJit from tH>|« tn polo. ^7li nitloa wc4t 
of (be Axoni. A, dlni. Hvoitj-foiLr vc^nt ukL !ti 
]Si>3< MAu1iE<bya]U*lWr*dtU>dQtealdUfiuiEK«Hiit, 

ftud Wiyt of IlLED, 

l^lUI'f fl| fill I Mt14'l' LiBh»|« 

Tf »iia famaEuti b eaid uiirlw, 

At.EXA)fl>RR. TbrwA kmzm i>t Hontbind wfir* v> 
nhwnt,— A I , 9t\n at M«lfinlin \li . Biinivnl'^d hii 
LiTPihcr KiJj^iLT 111 1107. U-r *■* cfclJc^l the i^jfrr*. 
Ti-jLu liii vi^i'Hjiii Mid itii]>ttuLi]Cv, A <:uiiii<EEiiiy no* 
toimrU iMt'kiiiBl luB UFd. Aud Uk tiBit<-4* uLiUiiicd aiI- 
ttLiuian JJito hji boil Ebmnttor >l cugbt. A,, biktiaic 
kdl«l ait nf tbvm. m^Iit bii ••napa H* tiiad in thn 
im ywT nf Wi rrlijn —A. II nifirvr-l.fl hin Uibrr, 
WlJUun ilie Llcin. l^M. In hLi IfSih war, and dh>l 
ill Ui> AIil >cAr. Ifv iiidrd Ibo £]l^'tj»b tAHMiD 
tiy:KUJit kin^ i3l»Iiu4 but UKia |rt|H:i] >viLb llfinrY Ill.> 
i^buflti riwUrt Jdiii bu muTiBd in V121- H* »** "tid 
Ici bv 4 wn^ndAtly jmt *iid wi*« ndarr— Hi" mn, A- 
in,. lUm^^lHl tilEi; In ^UV. H0 wh thm rlicbt 
ypu« oJ o^rc; nml In 1:1^1, Lu uinrrlul HiiEV^ 
dm^liUrr uf Ili:iiiy in. uf Kiiitlvid, lu 12(1^ fan 
dafntcd. &t t.nrjtV Il»i|»li>, at llvK>, kin^ of XaI' 
uAy, vrbn bftil Iivrixie*) Hji u-niv in hit kir^'^lfMn. t*«iia> 
lii*LTij> imtL^t, i\ jfivr hi«<1niigfit4'r in nuurtfttfA t*^ hrlc. 
nho turcnrdnl llvw. ^Il' ^04 kllind by hit bnne 
rUUuif du*vu » irrudjriiv IcLi^wil liuruLubuul heiJ 
Kingburu^ sa ]t8£. Jla^iu ■ jihitiLV i.<f bu Dicc|]«ji 
phuHteTi iotraduotd pibht i^khI nvuliitJi'ii* •■•( ^nt- 
«.rvcnan1| ud jET«4l]y oisntnliutod la diininiib Uio 
burdini nf Ihn fnirtiU <i»'«L«in^ ind It r*«triiin tlio 
UcvDK aad oppmnloiu of tfac nobUlcy. II\admh 
miiiM Ml ri» m Swttlib UaUsry, 

ALkXAXDiKIl AB ALKXAKMLC, ■ KvilluUtu kw* 

C, bom ikhoat 14dl, ditd 1£3S, wbo avUnipjJBhail 
lUhlf in ]Ktlit« Iibrulnn, An odilirin nf bit prin- 
PipAl viirk, " ] ii>« ISfmLiilf^'' mat pnblith*^! in IMtJ. 
w|:h noEca by lilr ooiniiLf<DUior 'nmtQcjiu. 

pl«m«Dt. 

lb* ^m M Ihf* [;r«iii1-ibika Ji^nHlbV', iviu tnni *t 
Vlfcllmir, In l-^lt* Jn rml*T Ui (l<.'fpnil the*inplrT. 
wblcb nu aUM'koi on ^ «E<]o. but «pedAUy t? iJou 
M»ii^ub. Jm<jaUi i|uiLLtd >'uf|ti>rud, vi<t Wl Cut 
cHu^ af tbo jaremmrTil ta bin Bomf Kcd^r lujil 
A[aL»tid«r,th# faRVi*i-nf wboin bhciei ifLdn>>rila dW. 
A, npulud lh« kfl>ailit(ir«. iCtiwn. nav*rt^«h;wi. 
nama undst tha Maavdin d^nntn^nrit In 12^71. A, 
tih«a prtooft i>f KovgdcnLtldicBdcU iLe wmLni fmi- 
Liar bkwbbI ibc Dno^ S<>r«dai< wid kiiiiiljU uf llua 
Ttulponie Dider. He funed, in ISID^ a BpWndid vlv- 
tory, on tb« Kora, o^^r tbv liA'a-b*, mnd thvncv i*- 
i-nivpd hiK tnimimp Tl'> fiif*ivihii«\ in r-<3, llw 
UvnTiInn knif btB ckf iJtf cmir:!, fm the In of litko 
l-<lpu«. ATUT tbodtfltliuf bla Ulbrr. « nir. A. 
bvCMBV^Hod-dukv ol Vladiuiir ItoUbid in iSftSv 
TL«fiatiliadft <f bji Dountryiut.u Iim oMnnmiarwIaJ 
lb* MM i« pntnibu aoDfi^viid rolml luia ta llw 



ALtrXAVDEB NOEL-JLLEXANDKR I, 



digni^ if JK mint- P^bur th* <>roAt haqnuml hit 

BEtDOrr bj tlm DTwUon ot a Bjilblutid moDuteif Ln 
PttetUiLn;, <ni Oitr t|iut *licre \. ^-lpbI hu viokicy, 
And bf AUlliatubu (lie urikrof AlcAAmler yewtbcu, 

ALXXAnkKV, XqHI, h Frorifb Ihtutioimu of tUn 
17tX ffinliirj, vhd (U*il in II'IL Hd wmtii v4riiiLi« 
viirirt, tha Mrt«t, Impntmitnf u'Mnh it nn Plorlr-cliu- 
tkal HiBtorjr of tbv BLblr. ia Lkcin, A voJil to]ii>. 

Ai.KX^?titt[ L, t'AUur/^mi fiLdlK ;L47 >ot] 111 
PauI), aniivnT ftb^l AEilwrkil uf All Oit? ICubslUj annE 
kinguf PuUiitl, y^^ Jjuni i>>"- 1^3, 1777; a*ftiii*1**i 

Af tbfi Buiifl ypv, In klmi-riv; ininir'fLt ^Lli (ht., 

onaof tlw luoBl iuijt'irlanl man of miMJvm tima^ Hv 
W« a frtvt IwtirJictrtr of h» mtn t>»»iitfT, iwid rfid 
unnfl ifitml Ufl & i^n^t iIkiI nf htiI Vi Kim^pi' N it 
arttA UAliml jfiFu were Juklltlr>uel_v iJevelopd itj u 
IJietAl tad onU^lktonfrfl eilucNktion, o»ri'lii'tc<l uikIdt 
tbawipvtibkoDdcaMflfbkgnadraoihfir, r>i'}>ti^]|f^II.i 
h9 Monk J- F, lAhnrpa tq-v.) vid otjivr tuL<>n, 
iMBPOagmUi'l lh« itpint of itin t^; fnv|ii#ntl;r iu^LhH 
v^an Ulml prrnilitlrMi hvt a iv»rtilH r-wp^ct tut ihn 
fofiuUr iivilt, lovnt iu*Ut.v, i( ii did not ruu ojuriLcr 

iwl; ftiiii itoiiifht, likir Nu]i->tr.'(iii, tr liwuuiu arbiltTf 
fi tlkHj fiii^ cil E'lrijjhc, (li^ii^U 1>v dil|ar(iiit mavu- 
HrtviiH wh'^hrTfmin|i'ih['viiri^i^nL'irT,iim(if i^mumi™- 
dtr> in ■ tvh|lDU< pnlnb of tIw, tliv |iriiicLt«l wn- 
CntEff *cid tfUeJ Btii^purt oE tbo "llvlj AIHauce" 
(q. v,)j— 4le><ua iaIiluL liul-iry will iltuoiim.-* as Iha 
etigin at iutiuild uvLl, Hia innjihur. MaHi^ ijiti 

piHait"! Itli lavn hnd i\-inAElvii^, and rvtoJni^l it 
(TtM IndoeiLOo ovdr him tliroLi^tioiii bU rd^. f^Jio 
■lioil iu llic T"ir iS^a. lli» liitt j[w*cmitr. wuuut 
Z^ich. S-Jlik'jtT, rcoelvw] orUcra Irum Catburific not 
td |ii*o tliB J<'^fK pt^ticte niiy iiiBLfucticniM i» ixjuttj" 

funtnf |nnn*iirnny |'rrrf**irfcr KmJt inntnirtr'fi him 
la OBluri] [jLHijvf|>by. ^Ld Z'Ailu^ a al^i'it Uiuv. in 
b«tUV^ AlbhuUKh lb in iFiubaljIi: tllAl bd kiicw of llja 
VBatfotmty ehj^iititl bii thLhcr, tljdTC m lui rcuaTi to 
btlipv* thit liu ocrhtditii'liLlor] hi« murilDf. or wiihad 
tadomoKi than biv^^i hLnaifl' xad timnyif th* iu>hlr« 

CttiLd r>[i]> EfQ acovni[i]itho:l by dcthrviilikv btiu. Illi 
rei^ uiiL.Y b« (Ii'UdI into ihm p^ta: Vint. A 
unni of JAM (ISO] lSOfi^,devutAl to bbd mcoEitinn 
of IIW whaiDH iif VtfiiMt tlie lir«al B-nd L'st^mrin* II. 
fl»«f4V«tiiig ttaq Ifi1$i-Tiil itilrnEhixlnLt.loii. Ni^kh, A 
uilDd of rmr JZ)0^-1A14|. uith Fnnct, ^WF^dm. 
Tuikoy. uiJ Put^ft. ditrirrir wlu^b llic iihcLoLJil ii'- 
m qrc^ ■mJ tht pELLriutii: fEvlin^-i uf flic purple w^ip 
^nuloptd, Ijbllyt Ai-orivduf •t-niTiaiflibeticil ;]8l< 
-iS^i, in ^^hiDb lie HtravH t" furrv into sff&ot tha 
itHTliminn nf \'i*'j^ thf ("Irpit^ miuU l(il> fetors he* 
foA. kn 1T14. nrvr n vklory 4>v« ihe Snodlflh fl»(. 
oeir Ltio ,UiuliJ Ivluiidq. — "^'btufv hiid but oiid 
RviLk Adrl it kllfcU bfclC no fiifb]/' — A- WU itlltiU- 
fuiahad £of moElofikii^n, ■utivitv, ami bttvittlvn t*:' 
CnBDHi, }w«nia4l[y nM^nn^nrvim^ iTtA ini]]t]|ilia| 
WMWw m M hl> VHC rm[iirH, tvbile his niinpte urid 
MBltfala mmiiBn uitkiwr] hiin Ihc Love And oinAdintfi 

Gnai atlmtifia wu [^nid Juriu^ tii£ rui^i Id odu- 

ttfiti wfifr ii](n>d<icr<l into i1i& intprtnl ndmiiLLetra- 
(kaaf diaviapLrv. r.^;. ilieHUblielinirulof tliuv-nhLo 
bf the uLvD itf ]r^<^^> iif iln itupFnalcuuJiudaiid tlw 
minirtrr Hjf ul^bb d!vii>i'iEi4 Lv thu uUbw cf ISlOt ^f 



fte. Til* ihHklcfl vhiph hinuf on tb« tuduitry «t lb« 
haIToh wore ramoml, ^nd lu cciinxiDrGo inomtfrnl- 

A^ vmm m jujicvn frirjid td jiunoe, yt4 ti|[l|iuxC 
lirBTr^ Htd jKblfv iti wur lU ^lud gTBifc liitvatlon 
ta hia ibiHUuj »tAbli«Tim<»tH, mUcIi » bnii^b (■>• 
hig\> iln^ffflB (tf pvrfwti^^n. 1^1* atrnn lo iwydcr Ui 
pi>npln unlUit OOOA^niii. o-Hil T^ntiii >tli?; nnrt ouit*i| 
the tuflntAoaof ROffiift ta te f<-]t iljAiuirbtiiit Knpdpk 
And vm in AiIh, IIq ixU't >liimi:i] luiiiHcIf ikii m- 
lt|;l]t4EiAl |ifetr4ii rrf Jibrrik^vK] ntnl llicu-E>- anddimnf 
hit rci^r ATiil pn]lMt>>]j dwinif lo bin dFcir-^ ^nd k\- 
uujilo, tuatA n-nd intoLlitfmfw l>oi^ii 1^ In- itilfni^fJ 
LtTinncl]i>*Vip1in'o)iiMr«, aquI )ii»5 piuIuaiiIh a'hI*"*'''" 
Ubi^TAl. ilAtfMijjrTi wen rvni]t>tL ILa did ]|ivji:b I'T tli«i 
iiuttEtrtruLiiiil ipl lilt ^cliivuikiL- bi-tiuiui. JUid ihv t^iilLk 
vAlbn *'f Iboit buf LjAfT uid lilcralufo- Ho founded 
ikTiiwib btiKliiZlwd itvon iiniV"r<iiCi«iii. Bl Dorp^tf Ktbin. 
rhu^Jinn', Mi»ninr. Wilna, W ni«»*F, bid Si r«t4ni' 

tkiu uf liifiLriKi'tojx arid hhvw ^OCCi L-uuirntoi icIlijuIb^ 
putlv «ftvr the tjiWiD uf Limcwta'- He U>vutvd 
^e«in>rt«of tlwJ}IUev>doti»(«lKlu!Ka m U^«^; 
Lnd gnnlAJ imporijul pnvitag*^ 1^ il ukjtfg <if IS 17, 
tit iIiiWH limriiiiiiigriinatihnB. K* ftp|>TnpnAtMt tnrn 
■iuiT» to ttM! i>HiiLln£ of irDporuni vniki*. vt \ha 
Vo>'Bk'u of KruKntCcrn. tlie Jlinti'ry uf ICumu Uy 
R^nuL*iii, tifs H* MleL-nicJ fcud rcwu>3ril Ubtrory 
Euorib, b^lli in Uul otil (if Kuhu, He purcbB*«| nu^ 
■ad vaIuaUm uoUaqtujiUr In ISl!J ut ininlvl ivn* 
orit>nt)ULiib<, Drtimtia^fn And {ThLrmivy. fmin Fatih Iq 
Pi-U^nabur;;. bi odvruioe ihir ttudy of tin Anbict, Ar- 
mniiui) fVfiiJkii, aiul TuiUiL t&u;;ufe^a. ]|ir «l^ 

tllldaJ pATtiUtdulj tU til? oluL'dtiuU Hjf yuUEl^ uitu ut 

tuluat, wUoia ta mint to trav^E tlin^u^'b foriiipn ftniu- 
[fiff* H* «ni|a4vai]THl in *v«rv [xniiiiJ»l« u-ay ti m- 
]i«»». bia ■iiJijiirbi fmm thi* Ijrftnny nf llinlr Inrdji^ ll^it 
□i>b1ca. boyan, ituoMi^ ftc. In lAlO nbvcry ni 
abnUnlmJ iu l1« llallic ^luviiivt*, miJ A. puivlnimcd 
\hn% no ipuro i,nft* ^J bour* vimlJ bo mule wilb tlift 
(ip>v"ii land*. Iavh ^trn cheuiUcI to |jT«ve-nt Ibv 
a^Eiini of |qw*r hy onvprnorr: mA ^irionii E>nfhnn>i]t 
ijHMjw, to whifib polUimI s-rinrriM^ i***™ ■iilijf*'U'd to 
eibrrt confoHloii^ u well ew lLh- ltui:! nit-i ilJ"pru^tr- 
IJJUAls pUhUbuicuU luUk'Ltd *jii vii]iiiAi\ f-'iiiumaJi, 
iwDTV ftl>Qiubad by A, m IS L 7^ Tbc i^rinle^^ i^l Cvs 
iiabUi, tint their fvWn ouuld net b* oonH^cntKE u 
t |»iimiliTnvM furthoirininpi, wMott^nrtwl by A,t>* 
■U bLa Bubji^nu; lil'I miK-k wu (JmiD inwon^t llu 
fuiTUitlLtiu of II tiudc of c<ivil Uw. IId olio rvndvnd 
vltlt'JDut old to luAfiu^urtbim utd TuEiilUDn.'c 141 bit 
cmpira, by llw iiLtroducLjon ol a letter lorilT. tb« Im- 
pi^jvuriiviit of Ibfl liiiMiciM »nd cuiroin?* of ihn ctnin^ 
iry. nfU'T thf ™ijiHwbiTii'tit ti a iiji>lcin^ fiiEid; Um 
fm^tluji flf lh<.» lumJi ml ilie bnjxTijLl iihojiibr r, Mny 1*. 
1^17, tW L'obPUuctioii uf f.t\-\'> AnA futJii^. ELAhiue 
OdcniA k flic |>oit, Aiirl yrnutju^ it 'ttlicr pTivdtfgfir, 
in H17^ Tlw 7iiiiJitiD& of inuuCAolurt* in ICum^ 
a>|wi?]n1lv UiLk'e of wuoJ. luu >Tud« rf«ht pngmt liOM 
l«"J. 'TliP whnli? (nrriirii \ttlify o? I^ii^ia— voya^[«. 
vliilihiMlr<R, tn^ntlrfi ui irMiJiiDuTiw Atnl nuvi^Alum, hU 
Ijt^EiiLniU ill Noflb .^iri'Tica, ft'". , — g<wE bv (irnve tb4 
fAr-ai;i:btnl fkJid i'F>l*ffht*niM nfttinv ^A A.'* tipTS. To 
tills miy ba Ailitti't fill trav«lB in fnrvi^ coniUnei utd 
bin iubrrcniii^*- mch ewlnAni menH m votJ m Fiiii fn- 
qriHnl fffurtiuyii tbrouirhoJt Ibe proviiitn of bid vnsi; 
«in|Ntv; iUl whiidi liv nmlv tutnimltat to lliv wdfive 

If II tie Mtb J(m0. 1?'>r, tlio KuuinnA n-tre datii- 
iiluLely JtffiAtvd by N'ATvifLif^ii At yriedliuui^ Thtt 
rtsiilt pf tliii vi^Viiry «'au nn lpt>*rvi?w htpivv^n th* 
twn f!Ea|>crur«. wbifb 1*^1 lo tbt LwatT nf TlJsit, lliia 
]>tiuj; iiiAkpc lUi ii|>E>cb ill iba Uuafiaia iit'iIitiLrv »Tvt'iiLi. 
It Hit arnx pAVcd tbo way fur tha o)niiijtiibi>f iFJidand 
in I40l>, Htd of |«ri ol tbH> mi^utlx of iho Dnnuh« iu 
iJlil^j md gnvt A. m opjwirtuai*J lor (ha impHrVB- 



ALEXANDI^B I,— ALEXAPn^Ktt TB\LL!ANL'R. 



Di«!iit oi t!w iTilMi UthflrtttnkMbvd (n lb? IUihbJhd 
onnj. Tbb ne did i*iy tfiSriitiullj, u-i hu trwpa 
■tfi—qr W Egr to bb ftur thspx^cMioncf tbtlptquipnuat 

HidOD frwfinBHiJ tbfl (ilviH of XapaUon kt Monnv. 
N^rvvthriiH bb pdkijr ni of & puiflc dnnotgr. 
ILt adnintkfi of Ni|vli»ri'« dudmcqutJitiadrvn' 
£iia ovKF to hit tJd^ iwtiritlvWidJne kb pH»iu] 
friwbb^ ftv tilt UdsoT PiuhU, FnMck \ViUijLm 
IIL H* b*llftv«cl IbAt la ctmnMtiau aiUi tJio JTr^nch 
■nip«v«r fait mlg^it (l*(Jd« tkn fAii* nf Kiii^m. Tliin 
VM tb« punxx* Di hb MOOQil iiiwUn],' kti Lh Nii{Wvi]u 
■I Eifun, $*|it 2T> MOft: Buuii»(alU'i xa'>tir« ^»iii|f 
to BKon (li< frfvndBUp d AJaJtudtrbriom k|;>ini)L- 
loff (lia tuliJu^loB of Spain. Bvt «b«i li« IouthI 
thai tlv mriLiitujui »iV|iHnr lAMnded lo ifiolAto to 
him, iniil Lii [irvacKlw Ivn ta him Injurloiu la Rua- 
aau btrtnta, bv nvdvlaly oiauBifaml Ub InElajiBiiiI- 
«bav. In IRCA A. amnwi l3io Bwadlib ir^vipfv of 
PibUnd. Hw fnlfinpllou of o-ittSBfV* intb Eoj;- 
lud nov bec*o K" 1* itrvFtl; ftit la KiUid*, uid A^ 
Tcai\1vDd ba tLrov nlT fha Frrrrf-h yak*- On Huoh 
2&L IfllSp m iinpcriil ukm urdvAd t Ivvy of 2 mm 
ubl of *%V7 fiOO tWtiiiislHfiit Ui« aii|Hit; uid imiicsh' 
U« ivUew v«f« r«*iiak«i trltli Gmu niiuin. In 
Mav «f tba tiaa* j^mt h« biiuml ilm Triru tn ^an- 
uttM tbt pw* al Huchuwt, url tn Anient h* 
fonned mn uUuiot vritfa SveJvri- Altor 1M2 ^.pivoi 
litaunlf Dp iiiDm and iun« cainriirtiiilT ui rahj^iiu* il- 
flunico. Tbv ifitAiBvn vf Kowubr KBp^dLian, w ludi 

limf l<>ok pl^e*, «H tho miJflt JIDpniiAnl rtVrnt ilk ihn 

ni^ i>f A. Id V^krwj, UlS, b» ]cnn<<i bi< urmy 
la I'oltfif, iitiil pulJLkliM Ebe fKinrmi niintrr^tn, 
vUcb ■errvtl m tu bftnU af thA eoolilinn of lIid atbcr 
ISnrqma |«wcn ogohiib Ni^iotoou, In iba vtv vt 
1613-11, A. txpntd ti|i|]B>lf to dmiiEcr in orW Ut 

«ncad ttawDduMof tlio wo^la FMOOvlwruic t^- 
Ui opvnoHA gidu*j tba oanAd«ao*«f tha |i»[du ^f 
that onintiy, Ocnnaajr, and Ibm PlnprH, bivajiiii 
iJm nooB of boMiUdn^ ud A, u^tSy diriTird (bo 
nanb cd 8i:hiiartanbfliS upon Fluii* wbkb. Iwne 
Milmd far tliA felUd oa Ifucfa Slil, ]«14, pat a 
riDd«W Unniofttl^n lo lhi> v«r% hatag oltDoal Inuno' 
aiWM^ (Ajinl 1 1 ) fc.llimAk l>v 11h> ikbdlettiiin of »>. 
MlniL ,\ InqklAilllmfLlbm fiKn>withlnjifnUfiliitJ- 

rUh liicr* b« intpH»lc-l fm Eu^cQe UnttibwrtkU^ be 
*lflM K«jr. Tb» Pofiilaa* w«]c«mtd him with ua- 
bmnvbd flBthuilibtnL Oft tiu ««^uitan of pc*4* A . 
vlilM Knflwut 1b conpuijr miih tiin Ictn^ of Prui^t, 
and iBBbMhA Ji^ul norfilLim, In JuIt. 1^12. )i4 
■Tiia ^l«d Pank Md itn hi* trturn to liii own ilo' 
minloM^ nwnpfcH blTvolf \a amcliimtbir iLcir Inlcr- 
■ol cnn^diib Oik bit ■flvtnl in St P«t«nbujT» JqIt 
30W tbt «vnat* otfimd hhn <h« llltv of Mf ^/mhJ, 
vhich IWFHryimtibljdnrUii*.!. In (Ni(iTi*tljfin Mlb 
lUf, U may b* nntiunrtl, Uikl tr|- a ukiu* duMd 
Ko«. 1TJ*I7, h» rirt«d»lha |viii«v w1iidill»d«t]£j 
lflMi«v«d upon him from tb* pit|dt. Ill* proran 
at iho m i y t vf Vlctiaa bM (ioail hrfhnne* on 
lhaQ|«Bn p(4i<7. and Ihm hv tiMiin«l tb» dii«lij at 
WoiM. and vu nawaJoHl ■■ klftf of J^load In 
y«r, niX h* vWtad VtfMv. and 1h«ra pqblbbid 
ft«nirthBLlanforbk DwUvdam. 

Ftoib tin Una of A.'a viilL t^PiuU, in July, mk 
Ihvpcol ioflavan nf EviiU ufwn th* Frmeh aU' 

npfafwiiC aaptniJly whan Rirh'l:nii, wbo b*d hiT- 
Mttar b«idi ui Ibo HuabtA ■orrinw wi«|landM Uw 
tat «r thi odohlr; ai L«ib XVIII. la SN«> 
dM,«h*B>i-clBaimQ*>Mdf«rt«Jttoar. VAyoMn 
KotUnf fwnrrvd vf iMipaHonoB tn Ibc r*.>UilAJ ktUf* 
«f lb* fiainaa adbtlMnl^ In nbLcL Uiti uublltaitf 
MOUKti dhf mrt a|i|var ■> looilBf , artlfy, n fw^ 






U)i,rF, Tliia intrniirJ-Tlijii; vjth ilia oflulnof fat«i;rQ 
njttioat ihnw lUtvLiiAl iiJiim'VrEurijiU hi ibg Vavk- 
gTAUhd. and ihc wunTd bn? liljErn! rcfuniitv founJ ijini' 
MUiavQlv*iI III ]\--\--\i -■ iMH', ti.i-r. 11 . -. vli. 

abroad wltli t^.^ ■• -i:. \ • i a i-ir 

thanntwhii^^ '"']'■: <i n i!.h < . r.'i< - . . ..: 
I^ybatjbt arnl ^ - \--\i- .--i-i. ! !■■ , . }. j , ..-.,,,,. 
tionsof Ihc |i" I'l' * lU.'i j»"lii.iLil ii'.'.o'.jji .I'i'l ^ j.H- 

Uu tJu !■! Jon , IBIB. b* Uoub^l llw JmuiU £i«m 
PMHAfani^ and Mimnw. nml at Uil, !£Mh Murf>, 
1S30> fruD bb« vmiditi. bcindw Hvy d^red lo lnur< 
f<F* vitb tbt oflUn of thi L'c-vcmitMMit. anddiatufh 
ttifl p«*Off of funlUoL Hi' bait |irrblUMO pnMeUlinia, 
Ktd pmnoltd ibo LbfltnitrtifiD ef \iit Jowa. JL d»- 
talf^ptd. In Ql« loini tpinC tb« mboraal nnuro** obd 
tfa#«t«pii*l |wwwc»f hUiBinii*™*ipm|j™- Th^iAiMi- 
iiun of Qoiirin>kBy.;*biati> Flnbiud. worn*. Subki^ 
aa. ftfid BoHtfidda, jcmtJj iDanoHd ihv uuimW 
«! iti inboHbinti In Korvpe; and ibe firi-i^R** 
mail* bf ^brKa wui ibowu If an |D*rau» vt 
S00,00a fnhttiitjLnfii in ths i^vprtanutila id TobalBb. 
TiHiLiilc iLTiil JrhiilJih. A,, bvtiirt nlict of SAlb I>VCi. 
tAlN« Cnuitiid til III! p*']iKUiL« in hih voi(iln tbs ilf^t 
oi oit&hlubint; fBi.cufiul'j«ias — * >ljcbt oQliifliwd, 
bilbntr, Wt lb» nobilltj and llu moRb^nU of tht A*kt 
oad HHind elaiHH. 

Hu mrlnvoun ta floTAte \hn comlltion df l]ia 
liHum, ud Uit pinnn] t«iid#iicry of UlHiKiliqr titSalrrt- 
duf.i tb« prujcicW Olid miuiiwiii fJ »cfltPni Kurftw. 
^plTiiadtdlb^olJ Uuvooritr Th^titHty. and, t<<vaiil« ilia 
dincLwIoaoFhli nign. in «piU tti ilia rii^lonoaol th* 
poU«^ a Bc«Hn| and vldi>ly apnAl Mu^nd^ vu 
fiVTPcd Wiiut bira. tbe din^Anry and punJubawni of 
wbieh wjtM [wrvtil fur bli iiucc«ii>jr. PtrbaiDt A. 
■M nirw* of llir ■iiib«rK* nf LnaKmobla proj^rt* 
whnn bo falloWfLd bil oidb wib Id tfaq Crilnta^ Hit 
iutciitl'iili tnriy liuT« b«n W oboooDB plococf Kttp» 
muiit fRim iba dona «f gonrnBUTil: but Iw loll uok 
at TagWDtif ^, «,} of a bilkniH (tivw, aiid dind, Iht 
Cv«. IS3% in lb« u-iDf o( hb trUa, On ibv Iritib- 
uwiibijf A, bviniE '"pncd, amonifvalixif tJiatiD|m\*r 
woafouDdinit, dv^dariaf bii Houud brvthcr, N^clu^ois 
]ikiuMa»rlq-T.^-^p^mraO. Uii «ld«l bT«tli*r, 
li^YiifUmtlna. bod i«*ttfi»d bia tI^I of laecai^pn 
linrin^ tba CRiMDr^a ITa^ 

Tbo dwtb uT A. wu balM by «aaw u a tortonaW 
4Tviit fiJi Biiiopr^. loi tb« InHuMO* of Buoila n«a 
CToTloganlinaaUyaboDj^lnall Ilia uiUatli of Ibo 
KmajHOO oaDtlncnL y« olboF mplm hot uzdtod. 
OA an gnol a ocftli^ tba povor al muiE^ yot nd« and 
viyiiniim. witb HfMrlKUa and tbn odtoutoj^ oi oul- 
Lu(v»— > miloa tb« nvr* daDjfBrvu*, oa it vro* undvr 
tho twnlnd of 4ii» afaaohito mtoUr. Witb A'p<ri«b*d 
iho pfiaolpol fupport of Uu bolv olUoAM, - aivfltffjcnt 
Kootm for ICurop* la valotca oi tla dOHOoa. Hwia, 
barwoTor. Itmniad In bin « gnat bVMftfMr. H* 
had tba s^iod fcirtsDa bi Baamd tba Ibran* at a llins 
olnti tfav Aipixiv woa pmnivd fvt tba le r a olaat im- 
pivTHDvDK Md l,im uaUttva i>*a of a )aa4 W Iv 
gralLAfld bj pronHftli^r >bc woUor* nf fau ptnpla- 

AutiASiiKA ^OLDHOT. »tea A«iiiiLBaant 

Ai-KXAXtm TiULLUHTiH, a filividckn of Troaioo. 
In I.jrilLa, in tba Alb cmlury. Ht k cotonnwl oa tha 
titft Grrcwi f^yvktoD a/lor FlimAorataf- HiHwitli' 
itaulbijf bit nhf Hor fklU, ba hod a foitb tn chanv* 
OBdamutolA \fi nilgpb. lo«iraa ^nalidiu Hpa^ 
bia pFwriptlan it, ''^HUmr m ottvodHf Nto* ann- 
riH. vTEla nn te vitfi eaaoMt lob c« fO. a, and 
honf ii rvund thfi dmL" Prirstuiahinaxdaaadiaa 
fcir iha cnul. ii *(iuld onni lliot b* vu ilAMr » Jaw 
«r a CbrifltioB; «d (ram kl* Hfnaa^dly pnawftin^ 
vMna't AhIv b b mooa mbablt Ihil ba vu a CU*. 
lion^ HiaworfcahaTafaaiapabdiidvd in UbaoriflBal 
Qwmk tad iMia. lUbr ^n a LoUn nnhai d 



ALi:XAin>Elt-AL£XANDIUA, 



103 



I 



iUta hi ITH. &4 fjftlior, Soilth** Dlot. of Gntk 

Aui-^oifl, WiLi.iAW, oMlofSiJrluiff.fciirtaiBmt 

■fill Chorloi L H* «ru Wn Almut lAAO, uli! vul/ 
lAllfe*ltPApt«illQ«ilfllntflui Lintucnufd v»aiUm, 

lii&cd wLcndoob Ifui, nnddr th* tltl* a( " Auroi^ 
coateiainBlEktJint Foticifiioftfir AtitJior'i/vutb," Hu 
fflllnvrtrl hn inniinn^b* hTum^ I , in Ijliti Fii^fliih nniirt; 
■od In IffOT putjlitJiwI iii)tD« dnuwu. ciDtiiiaU '* Sihai' 
nnLUln Tnipuii**," vhkh le dsdlulcd Lo lb« kioc, 
l£« had pmnnul^ publiklied a tnuedyM Edinbvighj 
fMDittd ui tbA Bk^ry of Dkrfuf^ la IciS h* btouiu 
«ttin»fi-iiiii*F bo prifiM i^liuLo^ uU rooeivwl ths 
MriAiir tit kqjtfhlhnail. bii origio byfu^ ini'mEy tiwt nT 
4a uniitlqd luiJnl prvpri*<Ujr. hi IQU IwpuUifllifil 
at £dlabafi>h hU luTvt fiwbi vntatJaJ "D««n»liiyi 
OF (h« Gmt l>4j of Judmnit*" nbJoh liH lo« t^ 
tonl tiuM rt|irlDUd. In KSll tti> kln^ fnada h 
gntil tc liEiiL (if Ni>Pk f^cx>t]jv wltL 1 vifv to fdlonEU' 
lion: imilhn wu AfbtrwsnbhciHHiitcdlonl-l^iuViiiJuil 
^rOjuloilobJ.vtrta ths ^n1nri>f Nora l^i9>Li»bH-4>rjFU 



UDd {Guy ^'lOU pap uiaLini)» unl orcftCftl vlKognt 
CaiibUud«rl rJ ^rlln^ In 1031 lupiblJiW* 
DOai|dala ■dltjun i>riiia ]M>flilc:i1 ^'iPika, duUnr iIju lltlu 
of "BocnAtian* vJ-b tlin Mrjw«" ThDy arc diiiiJly 
ohafOD^iicpd by a prLTvalinj: mrnid iui<^ n<]idourf 
vpJrili but w pajnpjiii, lio'iv_v» iui,I now urin>^frbti> 
[irnfluctiona ll^'iLk'd in lOtO, iuhtlii^- lbiy>j»itii» hnd 
two iIaii|^hU>rA, ivtiLva ndbsrity wei> lupt^ttfivl toliuvu 

dfim ad /tmm), a (mfLN vAptpirt Iti Sj-rltL uu UieS.IC. 
OMrtflf l\itf ^iit o( S^niJdi^miin : lot ;tU' 3^' 14' ^.i 
Ion. aiT H' K. It Lh Ibo nulEiniL ivirC uf A1i7i|ui ahi] 
Sf. SyH& T1j« hqaH»M*m«Uyiuw»n>bi]t rvcvntlv 
« bfttor Btrla Lm b«(a HlopMd, u b Itw Eii^IlrJi 
vU^VnUul ■ reilddnc% and ftjina pniuflw bulit by 
IWilim FuW Xhatown Uroniland uhWaIlLv by 
1&« •utruufiilSn^ inanh(4, wtilch hfl* iKcn fdirlUlEy 
wmdtol by \lpbiaipK out ul ihu Im^^I. Tlif pnrt in 
a 0WI bay. runiilug Fuiilli-tudL rmrii lUn ielJFh >iiiJ va-a 
ahaibei ^om 3U ta 3^ hiiL JfifirU, ^lody K^Qi 
riot, uidfnlt; erjiorfii, gi^ll% ^Llk. cotton, aaJ <]ipa cr 
IfliliiDet (a y>i¥pDntioB tron gnpot, umcI by tlw 
naCam u fn^oil) Ths IiAaliSttifiEt atb luUl Urd^ka, 
Mkd lulf Turka uiJ KallaliiL 

ACiJLXAXCiniA {ttkartdtrith cf lliir Turhfl. on ^Tin. 
dty ancl BBpofb in K^^t* alvab II la, W, uf Om 
nawt U~, mi^iiib of tha fCilc, on tlio rii)^ uf lauil be- 
twt^ thf^ v« Mvi Cho [vd of tlw *A1 liiitu Mbnfoti>; 
Ut iroliil KiinoBtoaj 31* IV ,Tu^ N.; kin. 2*r il' r 
11 Arickfil AJL-nftiidria wh« firnimlfiJ by, nitil uuued 
ia bonuur uf, Akxihinlnr tliir Gnat, li> B,C' S!);^, itii 

fabDdvr wuKibL to irtcklit it iho ctjiuti^ oj cnriiiiiQicv 
iMwi-vin the «i»t mi'i wiu^ annd lii* m^'intiijiiii wow 
Alicnvofdi full/ reallznl- Thu [jIjui «( tliD iwidnni 
uity»uuiv ui fuiua, viibi iXfLuliud by tlif nlfilmlvt at> 
CUteot Dib^CTdtca. tt aUkhI « ILChUo to tb« S. ilf tlio 
pna»t town, wu 1£ m. in fllroujarcittciH, vod had a 
pip^ of 2[H>.0IJU tfrv* iiahabitantf. nnd at lout an ti^uftl 
iinnibtr<ifalnvr«. IhnLUijfulalkMfnrLtimrtgitkneciiop, 
tbe ftomaiu ranked It nrst to iIl^fLf o»ri l^i.iil'^i1, vii{ 
lAan caipluEvJ bf Atucii. ui:iif.'r:d vl ilm ujiIejiU Oliiht 

400 iLtfUiwi or laLvni oF amuHnfaut, 1:^,000 thnpd 
far Ihp takafvafvUVitiK and 4[\CU0 tributary Jawi" 
[GibhnnJ. The city wu ngulwly built, and tra- 
Tcovoi bT(4apiii]diviIiitrucU,nu£l00fL wids.Biid 

OQD «C tJlCUl I EU. \ul\ii. Ilh CUUxistud uf iWD l£UlUb*(*> 



JTol^JJhj, or Ih^ iiCHpJq'i t^uarttr. and ^'iff^nVn, pc 
tlio quafler tf tbu ralnfti. One fourtli tt tbe arafti 
upan whioh EE uai butlt iraa eovtnhl with Unpl 
liaUiMk Vul public linUituij^ CnniplPLirPiiii upirn >I 
UUl« iflife wiu tJiH f immn llf ht}iutiiu< uf Pbiump tn. f.\, , 
OvUiilvaiE coiUiHtcd null tL« dty by a motrj; tho- 
nlnid[d UDfJt of JuptUr Sir^di; tLeLTbrar V, lU tL^ 
dma tbo ridkMt In in* viorfd- tbt Muaauui, ji kiru] o| 
Aoadfjruy in wbiafa Wubvl nivn rjf dvciy jtwiriplHin 
"wr.rt ffrhbirtaiFiirrl &b Ui^t mjfnMt if ilm hIaU: an im- 
uMiiup bi]p|iiKlniiiiH ; nunivruBH "tvLUIs and [>l]la3>, 
aiQ4Ti£ Trbii-.b nfTh Fomi'aT's ffllai, or mora ptJiRity, 
P»ol<tlAii'« I'lUiu, and u« ti*i> obilklu knotra a« 
Claopatra'a >««dlf«v Vmapay'i pillar oceupica mi 
Mninatm 1600 It. w bha ft, of the ]!r«aariL wall*; itn 
brtal |jiri(;|it ia &.^ ft ^ in : tho N-rlU* nfr li r«! 
I'-tihiiJtiv and TO fl, hi^b; utilv <ino it nnw HLuiciin^, ibei 
oCJkh lyifllE pra*tn»l«k partly buti«l in (Lo aAud— • 
pivant tnoa Mabotut All i« iha Briti#li tiailn, n«l| 
d*aiii4d vartfi ita lral|^ t« En^luul. t'adar 
Cnuini A. atlaJn^ piln.Anllfiaty profifv^Ly: 
mDrdiiuit 11ntlicarriiiil()»anrIpnx»J cuiiiiutim 
liirliivwiJ l:tbM>pi,\, ividibiin<JikiitriAl|H>t>iilHtiii[i woi^ 
chinfly cn»|>li>yqd \s\ tbo VfAiin^ ii linn, aoil th« 
DiazkiLfaoturo of ^diua and pipyrusr Tlio AltaaadrLau 
wtra tiiT4>iiTait; they uvmJ time* iwolttd timivr UMI 
PiiotaDtiaa and tba TEmauu: Cnaiir vta T«hU|/eil, ta' 
ItrC- 47, to }mt tUmj\ a IvrriUQ iiiHimctutri in ihia 
aty» duiiitif >vbj«b liif library vru cimFurijiil. {Sm 
J^rf H^iW'^.) DndaJT (ho nnparon A^auffiuvd ft 
fv'ii* of mwaacnai whjoh MdiuUf dapav>ukt4d It, 
111 r>lICboaH«<ll., kingof l■^a^la,act•cdl^butbka 
MHi c^aLuMil It li^itluT uirifinnri^ Iel d4l Amm (»ii 
albve). toJiX tb bj "Uirui. oflwr aiKV|f< ikf 14 iuvuUjHj 
Biid ft Inna uf £3*000 lunia, Hhi Turin ciipLiJivl it ui 
ht^ juul UITiaDd frnro tliftt p«Hiid it Ul\ istjt^DOay, 
tiU it* run Waa coinnti^Ied 1^ tb* iJitmvnry i^tf tb* 
paaujfa to India by ua Cape «f (>ivii] IJiipi. 

M(ii[ejTt A , thDiiGh tJia srona uf mucli biuU^ nnd 
FBjflty, ptncBVB IKJDV of dw ^ilfliiUoun ol tbv uclabt 
tilby; In eumuioiL nilL moat ual«m lOttUb bonvTVp, 
it4 coDjKCi f«iVjr«a an t«Uav«d by tba tnlunta, aoQ* 
vt wLiL^b an of gT«at WvIV' Th* itnaU la tli« 
TiirL-JB^j tjiirirleT hm nEtrrow, di*iy. anfl irrcpilnp: tba 
bnuwii, ^-tiiernlty llirve or fuiir vli-rtfa Tii^b, aubrtau' 
ttitl, but iJullp (iMui AHiit i>( wimbwH Ui tija atmt^ 
3i»c? I&IC, «]iTiiL UiaoTcrland raoto in Imila waa 
wtfhblicilH-l, an J o^mmonial pnwpvltyoiuvird ia cos- 
toivt^LH*. tZii^io 'kltl ijAuUiB^i iuTa baan pltlnB: pUea 
rnhettvT lioitiA Laiitl hu mETMMd lit i«lno. Mid 
lari^ wnreh'iuiesaad ilitina ocxiapy t^ «Lt# of tha oM 
Turkiab boiuoa aniL Ai«b bovalfi, lij tin fflnstfii 
liiaitof (iiF ttfoeU aro rrgular an*! wUe, built ol 
^lutD etmr. uid muiliy Ia tbo PorJeiui alylft Th» 
(ibiof plAOOoF liiiBiii4dM luid ruiurt i^ tbo Uruid* pEan^ 
wiin'b ifl a finnrVr ol a nnlfl ktrilf Hid IJiO ft vldo, 
pav^iJ on fljidi udc, \viEh a rAi]i>EKlR yunlca in tiht 
iM.-ntE'Ct jJABtpl *jlb limp- Lr^'di, ami likVHi|Ea ftumtaia 
atcAoboml. Ucr*aiotliu|tf^DiJpn) Ahnjri jmrlbAtola, 
tba Kn^liab oouaiilato and cLuu"li, )lUtk^ c^tBH* of 
cDiapLum, Bw. lu iQany <lrf«'T» of Ih* Tiirkaih 
qiiartor, \itt\ KtirujJdUt cuii'Tma ^liliJ mureliandua &n 
ooVblnK inuwuLiou*. and tliu hiiIt ccuUy Moalou piut 
of tba dty U tbv |tlBoa wbnn tlio AeaI? bauuit ant 
looatcd. 

TliB ^OTorammt hu Ukottiaaphowndo&H^Hl WMtotti 
pTud.lvttmtt. FortifloatkiTii moiintH ttith hnvyord- 
HMU'c. r>ri tbfl Trurtt ImpToteil pUn, havQ btea Gftc|i«[, 
wjtii mi ftr«L:ii^, Mid IvrtiH^ka (or 6000 k» JO.OOV 
diUlfd tri}cpj<, Ju nil tlkJB tho H;^ptaan authoritta 
bara b4«u cibicflrjui^cid hj Kr^rrob vneinarpia and mill' 
lary oIliMrt. 'i'bo lui^a^c of tho rvnirt ia Kvaoob, 
wlu^ ia idught in all thn aohonti. aiiJ uvH «vca la 
public Uotica aad tha ncuiita of itrt:u(a. To l>oaob> 
tMar JiIki^ A- ^ iudtibt^ for tbe ijiirtliijabk] cotufort 



1M 



ALEXANDRIA— ALEXAKDKIAX LIDLART, 



i» 



k 



of tfnali*nL wMtMntatVf. That ata mi \ W^ xaIa. 
lUUiJA thtf f'trtilicatK'nil, Db atbciflllof llH f li. Jkbnlti 
4he ■» l<«tli 1I4 nitifinv Dhiniiii'y riiin[f dO ft. hi^^n'r. 
At thi* «t0v<TJftn thprr it n rHkTTnif. itif-^ vhinh thi> 
WkADrfivm tlut W. linoAb rrf tltr Nll<> !■ jiirnpil, «> 
^aJL Iho h[]fbat b^vio Iji A^ c*a In lu^pUnJ wiLU 
vator. DuUoiltf th« mnlK Ivr^ Uic Hoiffab larjUiuarKa 

!• aHuplKl b7 & rLi]wiiy«t«lt'>Q foi tbu Ln^ t? lUciIalL, 

aatDfl (iF NvliLio'i rictorjr ovi^r the t'rfnch fEvet kn 
17WK ii'Uv. t^"t, itrv i-tUu iu iLe luliaji tlvK aiul 
• R. CaUjuIU: diiiri^li, ecTt'bcJ iiy 4 U::lh-ikn cuJiau], 
vbo hbl tnibii M iu-fd r-FtiiUtf jm hn K^|iti4n mot- 
«buiC S) iil*o (Km tDmimua ol tha I'uira ind SuKf 

II la • fptctoDi ilt'ovi bulKtln^, UuC ciniDfcirllHB, uul 
riftmb in llw JiulLdal luutlil j' u( Uiib iluit jcal uf uUl**. 
TLc •\\j*l outeldo lb0 wnUt Borcm tbv gnumi fmm i 
ta i in, d4iapr hnd in vombiu^nk «iu Ihtf iatcnv 
g1af«H>r th* iiEf^ pi-ni1iifdlhBophllaltTdaioiUBimoii» 
aprcmlty fitii^nn-; thn Amlvi. Owtni; tn ths wwt vf 
|Vi»[r:' illkifJA^fL- hi A., vtiftt A^uuld DtUerwUo bc * < 
mIuIii^ua tjid b luLjifLb u- uiAlBnuu* UiHHn wiJ 
(ho fkUf^e- A, he^ i«vu p4ji«. bbi dva'. or Auntie 

thd W, Thi> Uttrf (iii^Ti hv inib-Xii nun nf xho finuE 
In thv vvrlil, '-ut Li &( mMOt dlllkalt to pnirr; iho 
MV la mucU inkiUi?r. nith » foul %afi rodi j birtiom, 
bfliidv bciiih' ci|'i*cd to Uiv y. ifiiiil*. UI1V InrSta 
<if A. u omiiJetttUo, Tfio |fanci[»i m-tialEB *if ■*- 
port uv cottua, bviai, paw, ri<v, wlio^t. buluy^ 
gUD^ flai, hidc^ iHHtJli, hnbpnf, irittli't-nf-prvrL, 
■innuiiL tEJUk nttlrh fnttcn. &.e. 'llic chkcf im- 
pciru trDUi Grv&l CrllAiji uv umuufH-iu^rO h''juO». 
«mK ffUfl (Efjils, oU'^C'^itn ixiji^u. eari]iv:iwi.rr, Eianl- 
ViflVk •d(V» doth, drutft. TLurjJ'miB, Uiiuoni, pitoh. 
|w. Th* auDibv ot rwila thai vnUn*! Uld pntt v J 
A, Ih ismi WM tWSI. <^r i»hirli liKll Thw* tli^rru-n. 
In liSi A trvity nJtli Mebc]iic<[ AU wh ci^aduilttil 
Vj fJioal BHuiUt iciii^-^mir uwiv iiufivili-fiiA otnl 

GJUcU'iU. BflU BlMjiilUjlir llln|U>|«J]«. bub iTiV Jivhlk 

mblDil ot mJjociivtnjfiJ DVaiy dun*. «iC«|4 tbn«^ 
Ftvnntiitila t> biDoatU, &(iM Ub d«Blfa A moT* an^ 

lii^hVDHl [lolicry tia bfttn panwd. The pajwluiTdi 
!■ zniifd, ami t])e AmdfTica ptMll^ «utiiauiba- tU 
Batlmi. IfiUJc ■o.^liJ luiinLMxirv t»Ltii |iLi<a Wtwvii 
lb* MttiTflB uiJ bUc Fruk*, cviin^ U* t^o irtvOooidU 
ftU* UftiiTD <pt ll» pconlur Idlnl* viil av^Urtnn of 
■ttrh, A nndTn ftiiUinrm iIpanrilM th* Mr4iD*D ■■ 
pffwrmJIf rwH maivlj ngl^, Tml hMc^ma 'ITip munk- 
np&t nu-xtnuftent uf (Ud olty 1j ifuoJ in IimJI, uiJ 
»*U i^FUiluutc^, Lut Bu luiuif d4*viitTirT(v ftuui aU 
pArti o( Kuri^ ortftbldJi iboBacIvGii in A.. Uuht %he 
erimLiiAl -^lita liu ibcthmiI I0 4n «cluAt Wyond 
|wilu» enrntml Rrtho m^^ta (4 fkinwititf jimutir" 
aa,tno> thedlfleiuty ho* bwonn f DrthpTcnrnptlniu*!. 
f^ otmliuli cliJin the pniiNUua of their u>j;auU. 
Mid %iM ftreqijaitly c*c*fpa jml [imiltliEucDk At a 
toinimumcflliiiuAc tb« jH)pqlDtipiiunc4i[LtAlHi SOO.COO 
(u c£t4ui *itk««mDitt ii4k4 U SS^Mt b 1IT0), dI 

fimki, lO.OfKi ItiJlLTti. 1.^,000 Prmoh, 1C.O00 En^- 
liflh feuil Multcw, ]:£.0i1i> l^iuilLiifv, 1<i>DilG«nuvia 

A^nKJLhunLA, or AuA4Uhi>TJA-hKLt.A PhUILIA; 
m tATn 4iui (nitn^ in Vtatinwut, ViagA*nn t4 luly. 
fax a muihy rrfintpj. Mnr the lali<rllnB of tb* Itnr- 
Bddaind HwThiurOv It wmIhiUk iDinShy the 
Ontaonex uiJ Miluiu*. hhI hI Onl nilvd £ Wmfl, 
but kf Eciw uilj A-, IU booaurefpop* AluAadftllL, 
vlw uibl( it » IuIpl^'* ■*«. It bu S0>aV£ inhalii- 
iBQla; * duthtinlnil. tn<t Vi f«n-h rhnrrba^ fe nj^ 
lilttfe, Inpnrtani muiiJA't vr* of hnto. wadlBS, 
ud dk (ml*, uid m lufo udiwI IaM. Owlnff 



|o ilj gi^xi *ltviiK^i. ciititHnjF it Vti mjiL m ftTi* tif tli4 
fiivt fortrcvci iiF KumiHiH wiJ iU iiriporbuit ittkhl^Tf 
paaitiniD^ A^hioh, by BUdriufi th^ vntmnis inbi ibo 
l^uiL nf Ihff }'n, intl;(4 1I th' Icn)' nf I*ii-Hiimn1. A. 
bw frrqiiflclly I'n'U Ih" rilij»<<it fif Inni^ cniiTiTl'iH. I| 
wiu Lkkcji niitl (jlurLiJvrfL In JAJ:^ try UuVu Sfunft; 
bcvJG),^ Aviiliuub pU4:c.uu Ity iFio Fnuch, uiMlar priuoq 
Toiiii, m I'ltTj EHid tiLk^n. aftvru abBCiiut«dBr4iOft 
by ptitiOB Kii^h^ J4i1;l>(, Unnciu t^u WAt aT IVIB 
I^JV. who'll th- DEtt-nipC wiu tdkilr in M|u<l tJiv Ans^ 
triuu fr>in Italy, lm|>~prtant «i]^lklijn» worr inkdu Ui 
itt Hurhh At*! ttm LhUiLIq Li[ Nu'iun. AuJ^ti'iA ulf- 
lun,ci| it m plnl^e b«fure ixiUKutmif tu CLfUlirma ft 
triKx- Tlw fbrtituutiiriii atnrut nf a tmTDLLULlmjj 
wbJI And biutinha, a iLn-Fn)^ i-ttA^rl, fnRnMl hy sLit 
ItiLBtk^tn ark's many nixt-Wirlm. nil tho tp'l hacik nf 
tbe l^rujaro, niuil k rciluubt, {iratcL'tliiif tho lirl'-tLfc? on 
tlic ui^lit luuh ui %ixt UlteluiIil a IfTjiLjfa uf iluuv 
<NJiii]A7L« tL< b<iivii uitl eiiAdi^t- 

Al^EX-iK phL'I ; a L^ity Mi-i poii (»f vnlry, in thn 
ttaAt nf Viiviiii^k nH'^ At^ihtt ti,t Al«vaniiri*, nn the 
rifht buiili nf JV V*'Ut\t\n^. T'mdrn S o( Wiwhint:lnn: 
\3"iK \2.iJM. It La liuLib with tir»t iVh'uthtEiy, la 
»l<i.i|i;lil EuiJ tfi^iiiutia i(jtpt>4 kvliivb i.-l'^h vnuti utEiaf 
*K rif^l^ angloB- Auk'-'iij; thv t^ubll« buil^trngtnrc a 
4HiiirE-lu>LLaB, X j\^\, an Jkldtv-hdUHL a thutr«, a niAT^ 
b^rbnUBii, rvH'J twi'l'^i boiiwaof puUio wfir"hi|i.— Th« 
ilciinnflti r>f A . It i>niiinij*tiibty flifraird, «Uli -uy r-Tid 
tiAilual iln»Qt« ktho liver, vhbh b urvtJy Hluirfnl 
Jtir ■I'.iut bul* lIk loiiH^liuf lhffciiy,*i*b waUr lufli' 
cioiit Im ibc l^t^fT■?t tiiL-rcb«i6 ata^ Tlw ibroi^tf anj 
fKVtTy iiiivorl miJ Ii|f]il«d villi ^pu. 'Hw vity b 
rnvniirthty «iliiiit'<] fnt iVtmrrf-n^^ D<4rty At lhf> hf4il 
of Uie tlclt-wAlvr of thv l'vtamfi<c» Ijnvln^ tm Pitan* 
■Ivc Bitd fenlta Wk cctuiilr^. auU omin no • wa^ 
uiIl: ruble (mb. chiefly in 0utj<, 

AixXJi3i1>lUA, SfutlnnJ. 8«* Bapp1«ai«nt. 

Ar.KXAKDftiAy j.iniuRr, iliv tu^t uid mpst 

(*Tilnui of all th» 4Vlnn< prhl]i*<r|ti|riL« or (xi< tk», and 
ilie ifbiryaf Aloiamlrii- 11 wu fnutitlnl by R-itBiiiy 
SuMtMir] ^f^S h.V-^yhi^U KfiyjittAiii] ^AH^bblr 
cnLuinl Lmt the EiVd nf liin Hbh niilaili»]|>1ma Hi>J 
ific miCHdllni' PtL>]<^iTiir« D«A<trim VhaJr-rcw^ 
^tfft bb hahiihlncnl (mm Alhtna. li aald to btv* 
tm'ii iu lint eupBTlaimdmt. mhtn the TtT^mSer r^f 
TolurcvAor roll* knnuntn! loCOfiOO. If iltp oiiur 
PtipluKiira yrt-n aa uriKiU|iubiiH in tlivir niirUnHlp Ptf 
nbtwniii^ l-Dnkn M K^i4~Tj;^tda in uiii) to fiAtn bf4i^ tt 
b ni> vpLjridrit thtfi tbv li^iratr raiiirLli inrnaatd i& 
lnA0ii^tu't* and vmlu*, Wf ur l»Vl ibat Im lilflMil 
to trn oom 1i> ihs AthenFAni during a fanuiie nnlsM 
he TwL-jvcil In (Inli^'v til* nf1|^au nuinuHrfptA uf 
,-7U«liyliia, HLt]>Uu(Jca, awJ Bun|ail«L Thov wpn 
fvsEfully 4n|4c.!, unil tbft cofiEB retamcd to tb* 

anvtiinli an* [fiiiiri •l^ thr numlw nf Iwibi routAiiird 
in Iht Uhnry n iU mtm flouiliUiur i^rn^d. wlti^ii 
Zouodutuiv i'AlUuiAL'liiia iho joet, KntoailiviLn oE 
(?frdnBt AEcl ApolLuEiiuji Hbulina im ifta UbmutiA. 
S«n«CA «tAtfl> Iha nambor Ab in«,0(ID; AdiuiiSdKEU 
ajAkiA it 700,000- Son^A nAimnlA th* iliBorvpan^ 
1^ inttlnf th* BlAtfimmiA Tvtn tn airtpiunt ivrrnl*. 
WhUo ottW* bcUeVa tliU ilie Iaivpt A^un) Inr.liuk* 
mon thAD OM ecJtortlor. lint ilicnj viiru lucn 
ihin one oaUatftion u wrti ktto#n- 1^« trfiL-inA] or 
AbtArkf!riAiiliUr«ry |iArmc«U'hc« wtoBilvAlnliiktl)* 
lirv/-hi*i*it^ A cfiiarlT nf lb* oity in «1ii«li llw r<ryA| 

CIbtw atruil; ai»l Irviflfv Uiia th'^wai a tare* m1- 
tbm In tbc iViA|*J(]ii or innpleol Ju|ti:rT ^m^1: 
bub vLtn, ur bv itbuiu, the lAlt«r wa* fi'uuilrO. »* ib> 
bui know, til* fora^rr wa* burnnl ^liiriiqc Juliiia 
CiPAr^ ""^ "^ ^^ ^''^*^ ^'"^ ^""^ tvplAfiaJ by thi 
liliffuy ef iWfABnt, niluf h waa eoDl \/r Antony tt> 
Alvnutdrto a* a i«wnl to (lenpUi^ TMSmprl'^ii 
IILAV7. vrldcb fiAibAbly ludmltd ihe VvVfUDuAU oil- 



ALtXANDftlAK SCHOOL— ALEXANDRIAN VKHSION. 



105 



iLe 0r«4t- At dia jivrtfinl itmUuiiti^iii ot Uta Li^ttlirn 
UnopUfs vblv)) Vpi>k jUmat i>iiil<ir lbi» 4(D]>vrvr) tb« 
ipiaaiUd tiiripl««f Juptltr Stn»vwuh.*t u]i<ifi rmit 
gilMd (A- D 391) by Lfvutlul nnwd uf nknttlnnt 
■1 ^B iniUtrftliun vf llj«nn7hlliahr>)i'nii^^1iiELt^ vIjcd 
JUbWmy tfovufv'n'aicdnUtjyDilcrBciltcrvEl. 'Hiv 

ftflb oenturj <inly tb* vmpty tbalvv w«ia t> be kuh. 
A vilfubl* lilmr; wo* K^n b?piiTJiij|Ltofl in AT«v- 

uilriJL, buL ^jufluOEiLcd tit mifTcrtht v&nKifiiu.l^^inj; 
liuriiut bv V]j« AmlM yhvn limy Citpturuil Uin citv 
unj<i[ Lhi ^ijiU Oiiju- in flit, Auiru* Um u|tliun 

ibt UbnFj. hilt th* fuiktir^l IlinM iliApncw-J ipflttQ 
nmtier in Ui* r^Tu^iH WiwJa^_" If ihuap wrilinir* ■■* 
lliA 4lrt*lu wrto vltli iha Koftn, Ibey no nUlam. 
aad DBoJ nut Mt prwjtvd; if thejiJMtfrtv. thvy mo 
ponoou, At}J Dbgbt taLadaibKjed." Tl» ubiity tluvt 
tlt4 Anbt bUU loJbJ vnoui^ bnokalotiHt thabivth* 
of ibio piij fnr III mfitithi, miiAt. Iinwovitr. I>* * ff^''** 
tUg^T&tlAii. In tnnnootlon with thrn nUipnul Llfrary 
WM tlv MLiimiiij. B Ijt'rriify iiintitUliulL hi Alild 
l^Kiud UWJ^J >vvn: miuulai^j^Hi ut ibu I'lililii; cjiwiwc in 

MoOMin o[ LibpTUiH- Ritanhl, B\r A Inza'ttir-nttfliBii 

XwjL^vvMiA> ifauQou ^Vlkcji tin flciurijiblnv 

fmloU uF (Ilmli |rui;(rV '#EU imsL, itUr]^ WW civCled 111 
1o Kuppli vvliat aikliLro m- l^ii^^cr funiiUivil. AIev' 
AaJnjkin Ji^yj^l -wKt iDJiiJri tho toat of touniikj; }i_t 
1^ I'tcjl'-ni'i^ oilmir"!* r'l Ihe 4itB, |Tk>in wh^n^v* ihit 

K'it hlcTt-tun t-jok the nhmti fif tlic J ff jvji'f r^an. 
luEDji' rUiliLilL-lplitu fi^uicl^d t|]i< fnmi^m Libmry u( 
AIctmilH^s llw Ur^c^L ieuI iiLimt vaIu^IiId one uf nii- 
tbiuilV) whioli BltrwitEKf irijiEjy nchdru^ fiMm nil 
couDtni^i vi't Llflf} t^Lv .MiJuiiUini wlLiati (ruy junlJy 
W 09(uli]oK^ tliv Drtt K'^a^lfHiiiv rtf 4ou<>v>P* jiti»f atlr. 
(SMlftit artEcla.i TIju LfTnTjiriiiirUru ikod tiofiLj arc 
th« OiOfit inj^iriiuL iuiM»i£ tU: ■n^^Jukl^tr* of AltkniiElrm. 
Th«H ^rnlninU'JAMiWrivpliili'EiJk't'Lf^aiii] liti^mtt, h]|4> 
cipUntd tbln^ A« wq[] an m'4rJ>» &i^iL tpi^t ti> t^m- 
4Han4 ftkiud of enoTt^ti^p^'liati. yiiipiivtTtf2.ij\in\a- 
tiiia 111* Kph»i:iii, wIjo rt^uljlluliuil llirltrdl^fLmuitir- 
■diruJ ifi AUiwiitlrifc KiaiontlK'nes o( Cyrtin-. An*- 
iOpliiuiiDi ijf Bv^i'^^"i>'i ArlalHr^-liUB af ^imirjthnM^f, 
Cr»l*a i^f MmIIiii, DionjiLUa the TliiMiiEktL, ApaUooiu^ 
t^t ^|^f^si$t^ inui Zoiliin. Thcir merit fa to riaTc col- 
Iwlciif tmniin'vJ. rovinvtH, mil prr^fFvcl thavutl^ 
fu TnonirTTi«iiU <rr lnt«lf«itua] ctTltnre — T«i iht p<ipu 
bdUiaf Apullipiijua Um UIiulIeuii. Lyt^uiilirotL, AnLlup. 
^Toutirrt K(i|i]juritiE^ CuUUiiocliu*^ lljvucfitue, Fhi- 
IcteMf F'hHnodn, Timon ihci PhUvijui, ticymnu% 
.O^ODyalLii, Ln<i iwvnn tr.ipc ]l<^ct■^ wbt> wdi-q c&Uod 
tkt i4. PtiHt'it. J'ho A 'kg'* 'if lir.fmrj^rv d|tFM¥<1 tw- 
lalvly tn »|jirit And clmrii'trr (r>m tItQ preceding. 
OnAl Altcdtiuij wiu trniiE lu llib vLudy dl mn^Ljii^gfi; 
Wnvctimft, {lunly) hucJ rle^iim wim culUvAlvd; 
Aud MVoMkl imtan^ fif tKu pvriod u»1 in th«c fe- 
ApKi«. Riit tl'Ht whiah mi rtuily oun giv«, tha ipipit 
vihlrli Ulk^il lhi« opkrIir-T pnrtr^ nf th4ifiivok<, i< cot tn 
bfl fiiuuil 111 EuoJit of tbtir wiirka. Grcnternrc tiiFL'in- 
ptvitiuii luult EL< ]>]tM:u. criti^^biui wa» no^v lu i^ifi^nii 
ttlvt ^-cri^llA }ivl ai:qo]|||p|Jp|iO<1 Ih-fotr, l3ut iJua ^[L9 
bnpOVttfalv, Q«tiJu4 UM tbt ^fl of ojily n fcH', and 
itHT BpAnd fu aKovd tlicir KpntQrD[^DFxnL<4- The r*flt 
4M Vhtt niBV IriJ <[m>i> W crlfiim qh'I tturfy: hiit 
vorki APo UkfiiOp ivtthoitL loul uid lift, utd Ehoac 
of tlwir (liiKitiUi4. uf cutJffer, utiU Eaor^^so. rerwi>itJi; 
ihiiriiiil iif Miii^iniiTirj. t>ut aHricdtiting iU vnlne^ iktsd 
flrMllf After it. iKey hftivcJ tlie nooncrFAt tlio [joint 
wbflr* pontFy it lost, Thoir utitiintfq dfg*irwnit&| 
ilkla A dltfHMitVili tn frn^l fAiilt, und ttiilrnrt Lntn ititi- 
till^. Tlicj SL<LZ4?ii on whftt wu tlnin^ AUd uow. 



mid end'flV^urfO In uJoru it V IniriiflG^ Tbc luTifcf 
pArb ol th« A]viAuJji«Dfi, t^joUDoiily HEiujiuiAiiuK 
4ij<L noDta At Ibft Mono tlioc. at* ililf uid Uborioiis 
«i-T«mD», n-Jtbuul t^anjuB, — UmidcA tli* A_ *ohi>i>l of 
[loeu-y, fiTiH uf pliikiiiiv|diy L« nJia vpokurL if, lint ilio 
VA^n^'itrD is not lo bi uiidBntDud CJoo ilrlGUj. Tlivtr 
<Liitii*L'i]i«bi|]4;dbM3Mibvnriie*franUdBdf«uuut«iio« 
th«t. in AloiiAdriA tbo Mrtm Asd wwl«m |iU]o- 
»phy ni«t. And ab «llrrfc took |itACfl In nntt* tbo two 
vyaUmi^ fitp whkJi f««iiid tb« A. fibilibirip(4» hAV* 
iifL*:ii iKcn okJlBd Krhff'ii Tbl* unnic, iHivrnvi-T, in 
imi K^iidirAlpls faj kkJ] Tbo Tii:n Fl^vk'iiiiiU ftmii a 
duliij|;uinbKl MUtfM uf ^>!ii]^'-"f'1i' r>, -^Lt", ■vrji^'Ljiiiiiii]; 
(b* flCvptidamD nl tb# iKm ^. .. ) ..... ,1,,!. .i^..ijnii| k> 
nwboil* tb* |diIl4«opLy i.r t'l.Lf.i ..lUi ii^.^i of thn 
EmI. Tto J*v Pbilo ot A]vtaii4rii V|- ^^^ li^il'iitjjt 
Vt dta qtrller nftv PUumittii, PUto and Arbititlit 
ucm dUii^mtly uitaipnlul Atjd iNimiitrrJ m H^u (Imb 
and BPtoaid o^DbVlics hft^c Cluijit. ArnTi">n]LU \hi 
Pwrlipfclotitr, Ihfl liIHlia' cf PIuUttIih Ulonjfi lo thL* 
iwriod. Uul Iba real dcw I^Ia1oiii« •nhnnl nf A\*t- 
Andnu WhA *flAhb«he^ ftl the fVnc nt ibo Kpnnil 
QiuLtiry jJtur f'hriitU by Aiunu-mLiiA uf Alvnuhlriu 
UNitil l!>^ A. D.\ ifflioM^ <iW^jL» to'riir I'luljiitiaiuM 
Oriifpnh {S** .Wit Pfaini^Utt.) IWiil', ft* ibc tnant 
imrt) DH'iikinU, fikriTLiid tiy tbrnliniyif IjruDk luAmiitg. 
Uwif wrtlmiJA WW •tnbir'|-|y cbtnwtorjvJ. g. thiit*» 
uF AmTnohJim Soonu, t'liitliiiu. TAmbtit'ii^. I'Lirplkj- 
rJUH. by A atTAiL^i] LiLJitLin of AbIaIIc :ujiJ Kuroi>«ai 
dMOMtHi wludl bAd Wcolll'i »]llk)viUl^J^to1 lEt A^il' 
a&dri^ tfwiaif te tll* niJif^din^ of tlio cutcru nnd 
WHtetIt rfHBA t& f U nopvlattrtn, u V-'Il hj tn itM liln- 
Ation nail omuiUiwiuUd Intcrooirno 'Vlinr yAitUnniihy 
li»|l A gr»ftl InBumca on the mAnnw in wblib Chri*- 
tJAnity WW nifulvei) vid tiku^lLt tji Kuy^Jt, Tk« 
[iriikujtnl GjiusLit; riHtrniii liaU lb<:ir uiEKiii ii; Atci- 
nnrJni- (■Sdc OiinttifK.) Thn prinDipAl Ua^lierii 4^1 
tiui {.'hAtViim ontVLibcIi^nl flcibt>i<Li, vbiuh hul nitin 
Hnd Hirtirl.hcil Uigo'Lvr ^nHi lb*! M'Wtifl pJitlr*-pphj, 
lind JiiifiiZiiit tiuf Ktunl eiF thi^ ii^iltiA(]|>hy, Jtio mml 
vL'iWt r^Li^'^lDLinaoiJtr'jvuTBLcsdifiliirlwEl tlmA cliuti^b, 
uiilhl Ul? i'it}|.iiLiii tciiolA nrre cxtaTibiibtJ m it by 
AthAiio»Mi*j ill lUi' CM»ntrove[>j witb tiio ,\riAni,— 
A[i]OiPg tbc flk^lfplpir* of Al<iiiiiLHriA aw to W foumd 
f rviLt TEkntrjfiiriATHiuinriB. lU Kufli^l. lite lA^r-r of ftci^n- 
tJAr; (riTdimTCry: AjxiIbiuitJ* nf Pi'V^ in PjLDiifhTiyliDi, 
wliipic 'n-itrV mi oulc; iii^liiiiiq Atill tLiatH- NicutieA' 
chiiB, bb« Rnt fKiddliAc. Hrithin^ucinTiH — AftT^damm, 
vhn omploj^ thn 1^' ^ |.ri.. i' Li. i. ..'!'] Lis - T.ir iiaArk- 

iriia; the nnrthnri 1 1 1. ■■ ■! ii" imngM 

htid nAini-fi (at^II ir 1 u . < 1 .r. i' :.. 1 ., wlio }iif\ 

batHiDnrnicitt wrUhi- n ■_' 0.- !"• '■n '■.■ir .if iif Ar» 

(us, ;ii]idv:tii: |n>c'pii, Ui.' .'^/•'/•fn-u •>[ M 'laUM. tW 

MtifjiLomloAl iH*jrk» of I'lribtcmth^nod, ami f*fpc\ii^]if 
tho Mn^jAti StfntitjtiH of ttjo (ZT^ErnpheT FtolBFnyi, 
ATifl tvtuiv 1m|>rovcnir'i>'* in tbi? thonrr of thi* a^Ii^H' 
ilarn whk'h wfin nfu-rwaMa rutnjitpd incn tbe Jiilivi 
iidrikdur;— ii:itijrE4l pLUoiu^jbi.'n'. atiaIwjqIiIw, u« H?- 
nilJulgA Kill Krwi(plEatiM.— ipbyfiLiftua niid #iifift«>uiK 
nn Dnnioolhcpoii PhibJclbcHf wbo mtuIa th^j ttrrt woth 
fin tho .ILwamu of lb* «y«; Zopyru» nu^ LYBlfiVAi. 
vhi* iTThpmTwl the lifti fit |ibAnniwj aiid invmiWd Afi- 
tidole±. [nelxiiplnm in tliDATtnC wvdjuxiw, tu wbuui 
A3ulc]d[iJi7», .^i^mijLLfl, ojii] GaIbh onvl t1u»ir «dui»- 
tiun ,^EuDdiL-fk| ihiori^U And vDipIrM, ti( Hni SHt 
(ounduL by Pbilinua, All tho*9 bolnhppd to iha 
nmneroUB nuotiintioii of ti-hoEjui eoiit^TMiln[f iind?T tlis 
Kfimon dntDiiimii. Aiid fAvmiri:!] fjy tbci Tioiiiivi vm- 
ptron. wbitfh rvEkdvrud AlifihEuTri;^ ipim »r tbu nmnt 
RnowiicJandinfluunlltiJ AiatA iJ ^dnmr in Aiklji^ally. 

tParia. H<CI H. 2 v<'U.)[ iWlb^l'riny T^kint lliUin, 

iifc ri>o'' iC AUj'iTtdt'ii iParii. JSlfi); Sjrnoft, //<i- 

iairedt rficcJcrf/Zcrjudrw <2T<ibi, pAn*, H4< 4fl), 

AVt.t4SCriLl,\s V£rcBIi,»SH or CtiDf.X Al,JttAS03U- 



ALi3:A:Ji>niNS-AL:s:cic3^ 



yiTB; « iDiJirlafTlft, now in tbe Drillth Miwm. «f 
Crtwl imiKif Ua« m biblj^l nitldui' 11 la on pOAli 
m^iktr hiLLl LLudoI kAiurs t^iUiMt bnnti^ngv utA vy- 
wnt-^ WTilf«i ihTMl^l Jy in Ow btUT Jlilf i»l iJi* fcislU 
ceiiLiiry, nnil i«>J*tAJh\ En frnir vol*, fulin. IJin wEkOi: 
Qrvak lULiJfl ftLo Old TuUuwit vomliiitf t» tL« 
I3«|iliiiwlikt], ti^tliar with (be Ifltm of th« Uthnp 
Clnnl <■( KuEfi*}. A Ufg* put cf ih4 tJo^pol of St 
MMUwvr ud al tb» 8a«aitfL ZplMla lo lb# r<^D- 
(litHiu^ uttntl u ft rHrrtlufi cf ttm Ooflrio] of Kt Julm, 
oiv wULtlDf. Ttv Wit of tilt GuBpvIa &■ dilTiiniil 
(r^<iu tluit of tlir vllifr Ixnka, IIh phkriudi of C<ui- 
■Uiitmv^U\ CyriUtM Lijcvtt* whn tn IdiJ fu-nt thu 
Busiuonpt «* A r>na*B| to Tlurlc^ 1.. wld W liwl 
ibaivkI It FnoD iCf^pt: »irl it i« <vii1r<ikt» framotlitr 
fil^iiniati-iii^ai, iiiAt it *u vrrilBm fJiom. Bub U olu- 
n{Jt U dflckkv] ^illi irvtbiinly wbatliT il caiua Irmi 
AkmaJjiB ivrluno* lU iwn«), J«ha Em*it Gnb< 
■foUair* li In bli cdlUofi of (ho Srttttfdnt lOKfar^* 
1T«7'-S0. M'.tour volt.1 i>r W«d« inihlUi*i th« 
KiTtf T«*i«irimt frvn thti om|<^ (TjOT^'ton, fol.. I7M^ 
with tjpH ant f'hT Uic |)tirpvifi. liiLo fur IhiCt Willi 
]iibmr«L bpbvan (Ii« wofiU. m m tlv nntrnxiifl 
lUfJf- A anHv MaanM Imb pf tlw Min* «« pub- 
lUi«JbrBU-<^"«r«'iMU>>^ II.ni7 IWtipy lUUt 

l^ttdin, lAlC-^/. AvaLiL fjJ. TbfifiLrik'^iuiiiniiiiwit|iil 
batangvd, |q lOD^ Ui tlit lllfmry uf Uie imirUcuta of 
Alnaiiilriib Tlw but Ltf lEfn iiunuia-iitb U tJ ilie 

rial ImportMiM in tho vifaiEUin of tEia £iuatUa af 
fiawlWUnntt ix> tba Gevpab th* U%t I* aot 
fto ffOodL Tlu |h»a ttnt dlirlatoOi emtiuii tbo A lov- 
■iHiriiuilmMUdaaof ihaObl TaUmeoit; t^toortlL, 
llw Now IWtBUHuib ui dm oiiiciiiiil bhii);uii(Eo, 

AEiSXAVIIklVBk cv AtnAMPlLlAy^ Ulg nJima vf * 
tenc^ vhi«h ooulMo of w foot, w of vix unl * HiiJf, 

2|diltativdv* orttiirtaon rrlliiblM, tlw jiBk>H botng 
ivM*^ tb* AiUi fvUjili]*; o g. Ui« «fODd «f tbo 



II oancflpanilt In oui lutfoi^ Co iho hpTunwlwi 

fa lio Qnck aud lAbin; l^ou^jli, aucunlluv lu fKuitu 
>rritor% U n*liBrBiiamnlatfitiKftarH nf thvuioinnt 
tr>^c podlA. CbAfBUA'i tnduliuinn of Hoi^v iti] 
Drhjtnn'4 Pn]yi>1biaii bv wnttph in thin inMh4un' 

ui A . Thl< vono Ltiiomu fMl|[iilDg fntm laooDbmyi 
unloio tbu ■rLlorbw»TcfT<lolkMvcar. IIh hmdi 
ID their <(jiaa ud dnot on cvafioKl to Ibia vonOi 
tfhiab for tbii rwoa is oolWft by thiun th* J^mWt 
Tb« A, rlvriv* it« mmo ficnt gjj cOil li>q:iirb poom 
ItlnnfifLi; Uy ihi- Ti4iJj]*4f thn I ',lh nr lh» l u tfll ilrta g 
id itw I3th ofDtujy. tbo lutjjtpt of ublL^ vAloX' 
juiJar lUo til-tat, ml m s^lkJtli l]ji* ii^-av ma finl 

AlJ^ll)^ k t>r*ak ^Bixkn ptet, vhnflnoriBhtd in tb« 
(loM nf A1'*iBiP'l-r, IL C S'/n l[o ffw t^uiH^v 4ait 

laffnutor of Uuvttv [^t- '^-i' uiJ Uvui to tb* 1^ 

uf iy§- Only » CtW ft>r.-i;ii'n1ji v( iim m>fhj nuuu^ 
vtUrb noT lit fffuni in tuUuotiubB b( Um MMto&t 
OkmIe pogia. 

Auain, ar ALixfi] » MiciUkSLOVtrva ~ fcon 
16l«.tuoo«M UftflMhfT MLchHl rnlonwttch IU\ 
ibnl 1A71 Uariav«iibuiiun] to iho omln^ of Ut 
obuMvIk* Ptu—jw.iul bia Inldr MopaMv, ||« ftt«r< 
ioB of tbcoo €v3 wmn»ff1]ow »ooa»d aia hinrr«l£oD to 
Ul^inwUc^UMlcmwrirwhilM. TkhloffodiMi 
Ufo Af tha «an| lilaorifilAl, ond ladl^^oM al Uh 
iTjaidiir of i£df ineftl gonnuw tbo I'n^antri of iba 
Do^ lA Ibv ftWbar oT lOaOOOi eiv b anm bi irln- 
ilkalo flii4rl((bth Tka riaUmvb ^kut virn<l «q by 
lb* flneolka of B»iaD, tliw U«W, wl tht ^todv 



(m £clJ or HotfoM, of 1S.O0D of liu fonoii'<i|*iH Tro 

SdtvbdonitnlLialhmiiff.hUAinHi, fcraliijiadbitutbaj 
r jvOrfw nf hu fpijrh, hrit thmr Tn«ii LttmpU nor* 
FmitniLe^] . nnd tbcnucWcs fiui to ilHth, Ito fvrtfd 
uu Iavv tui'L'(9*^iil L?aiii|iAJuiLi iL^iJiitt ilia Fflto la 

jodua pTDvinccA fitrmarly t&kan fmm Kuauht UmuIh 

Suikiii^ wi i.(irv0ion »f imw inrribiry. Hia wnr «ntli 
LVfiH'*]! |]'(.'pi^-H.'^,'<,i WW! hnt wt frtrliinnU, Vft \ti> loct 
nothlD^ by tlio wiuMi vrliloh f<Jlowc<l h.— He vvna 
Iwii^Q mWMr4; buBiOUWJiJ wifv, tbo Umui^fiil l^btnlift 
>ji^i(dik^t, boiny obcvon fvcn bbodgbbct bar iLnt. 
hliicb criLUKifl A. to tiunle aba bad o van amnll jliiJ 
htnduim* fnrtl- Sh« unm tlia iiantlior nf iVUr ll)o 
(iTTfiii — A, wfin Ibff Hint Ro—iflii mrihurcb *hn v>u»{ 
uu tlvj jHilli.'y irf a mijrp li^liinute runncctlua vlth tho 
ullim iltiLt* AiLiJ Eruliuumf IJiicti^c^ Jlc ifioiUy 1kiji> 
(flol lu* |ioH}]'Itf 1j_r Did rcf^TuiD whidi li« inbndiwod 
iulullui kiiHiui la^vH^ by cuiuinif tnnbitifm.< ol v^i- 
iblf it^trLa on jrH"ini-, rhivfly afrx ihiltbirT ndtarfi. Co 
Iw miflK; ^nd rxvn vi-n%ntjy\ m Hump rr'-lr^lnatliMl 
duji-.'nk.— A.V^riialaclutrutDr w^auiIuUlcp tciaqier* 
M«i ood ptag ia, 

AMUCIV Pvmovnull, tha (Jfleab K31 af tha b^ 
Po(*r tb* C««al and Hii>loii4 J^puvhiu, wm bom ia 

ibiMd ljy likfuhrr, wtiik^oo Uiln iknrPiiEit, ileifrmbvl 
to dlalnlj«ht bliu, A. iiV4>ant?t>J tbc oiuwo, tud 
ilooWad Ihchl li« w<pu1i1 bcvifmoa luuitli; bul, wboa 
Potvr Ht uufc uji bk H«>uJ juunwy, ho ouido Ufl 
■■capo, in I'll, io \' if nut,, whurv h^ aadi^ht tbopn>- 
taction nf hi* brotTirr-mUxw. the iTrnrmii rmptfor, 
uirl tbvnoo to Xaplcn uiiil«- tbt pnteit of fidnf Ii> 
LU fathrr. ^}tv bbl nJib fui luui. At tliv ct^ulillAlt 
<jf Pclcf Iv? nr^ufiinl, Imt Uiflpnra^ oar. Rgardbiif 
Tiu Ui|jljl (lit an m<:L t»f Inaaua. dJainboitod bim« brA 
iikAaa lit 'Jil Ktili, 171 a^ lUid wban ha iHaeniranri tbat 
A. iVArt |avEii£ t,lin way tn niii-wivt tn tli* cTOwn, ho 
Dot ci\ly ouucd all Uio paTUcJ]uitora In hW pnjoct la 
Xjq |>uaLi]Uil ui^Mtikll)' ci| uUturivbi!; bub bad A- eUh* 
uaJcuiiu^I to jutk uti thfl iiriitoDoc niu] ta bim, 
B*prLiuauuo«iut4(uiDaiui]y by lit jadgvib Ai^bou^h 
Iv WM aocn afUrwvcii pju^lroicx), yot tb*fnbtai^ 
anxiety tttdch b^ h^i rtfiiM^rniVi!. aflW^rd bim *m 
muah, tbai be dtctl in tlia rotinc ul luur <JjiyB. Jirnn 
20, C.9„in5^ UeliftodkLJuhbTr, and a «■»■, nfl-T* 
wjmit iJio flTiJpBroiT P*:tcr It- Ths accttui^t of nimcb* 
th^H tliAt £*nsrsl WaiiU det:ii|iilAl«d A. in prfBi>n, i« 
vttfinni Bor aulbonijr. 

ALKXW-'^D: a vatcrinj^plMv In AnTLihli-lVivn- 
buq;. of all tbo GtirniAO mlnond ■I'liii^-i tbo mv*t 
■bPAiiHtT Iiu|<rcrnatcil *iib iron. It u cLBniafii>ly 
ailiwbod Ob tba /out <»{ ibc Han. 

ALtx:ci or Xuxtsk 1. (CMnCDnM, flowor aI 
CnnabaAiinnplAH wu hnrn in lOV^ *ad dwd Aug. Id, 
lllS. HoVBi tbc tUfdnaof JofaDa.Unomporor 
Iwuo'i tuxithirr. lie Tnt piodalmcd •mwur hi 
Maruli, IC^I, aud <ni«iteU oa April lal. NatunDy 
(J<T«r, bo WMM oan/uUy tducatadBBdorlhpdtrvtJra 
ef bia molhcr; and at th* aft of f«u1aDO, i-ub |wit 
ia aiii annfamrint wiE^ mmo Kiifn|H«n a^lvfitiiuivfv 
oofflmanded by a '^cot callrd fboatj do BalUoL of 
«bou ibe yuutiiful wiutiof aJlcrwanJa bcumie ui ta- 
ttmMo trKnd, In ibt meanwhile, aawntl nqpcrini 
bad laaUd fura bnaf aE&H4i ibo " Utinr mtwl*" «f 
a nnmSual riiprmnaioyowTadAaalnrlDnbyaaMObj, 
iih«n In 10::. Xirvphnma IVptcnfatM wa* elovMad 
to (ho tbone. A.4Jnw upon hilDBtf lb* JaJaavf dl 
tbij lulcr by viuhuy ^birb bo phiad on* Kiev 
I'boTu* Ifrkoiiiuik «])v aapiroJ Id iho IbnwO, and 
oftn nUcfc bia atdJkn aalatcU liim v &U.rf04 {Aa- 
gottaalf. With tb* kul of ih« armyn b« m* rnKdaimAd 
■lapanr, atlaad on CmiatantJiinplf^ »hUa ba u^ 
inlnviJ Ua opbLm lo pUlaca. and abut up BomfitaV 
in a iMoaakry' T^ auii^iir aaa in a drtdoraUv 



ALKAUABl— ALFKED- 



IW 



Th« TVifta men proflUn; by time [nloHne 
dtaHiNHiiis lo «uf uwm vw Aiutid ptf vitioc^ while 
Bobvrb&wiouduuilna ^cnLMMmwt/nmtnmapg tht^ 

wait, Hrl ih* €sr« eruadtn won encwBpinjs (uvuDil 

dofpftJr; b« tent iiiitpHf* itt cioncj to hT> »Jly llct\rir 
TV. of Gornuinr ut gd*U« biui io ittiuL lUiot;. xho 
pop* ^Onyur/ Vll.) bviJiK *Btm fiiuiiiuf i\\t Hvt- 

luwt«<V«i to hu miA, Wt-inif iq l!r<ji>7* hu ton Bnlm- 
nniDi;^ trha ^tUMcl two tkiUhim nv<r A. ; hiit fAinLii* 
«ad dlHAkc woak^nM xhti Nfu-miui nniiy. wb^4>b 
flOlBft CUuU iujC irtoiii, u [le *um KhUHaod bi lUil^v 
W ardvuLl u! lii* iiuhU>^ lu lUdl. [id iciirmi^j W 

hlidf4tn t/^ poLpin, AJliiUnuteTAil |iyfii]<iof ,i 't wnrrt 
u«iUl In f nni*^m'ijn? of thl)Tnr'*iil ihn NiipTiFU^TH 
UMickitiaJ aL] tUclr uuiji^usIji, ahU A. tumnl Lii 
■ittfaliOB to tliD TutliB &Eiil Sc^tEuJkTiat vrbuiiit ftftcr 
«• uvliioflKitrugglff, ha coqiptabal^iUfc^UU. 9ie«»alj 
n«« Ibid ■o»mpt»hc(i, wovn in tULifl, lh« bvidiiol 
thftfinrt rttiH/lp iim¥«r1 ht IVnjiUhlliinplPj dftmofirl- 
iDg ftld, riilfly iD«ukclau liini in bit own lulaat. ui<] 
liiiaU* ci-tiup<lHuk: Uliu iu jijiu iLcib- A., ■lu^u'jiJk' 
■taodiiif Jiia 4iivi:uLivc ^-?ulu». yraa u■^v tlm-jti Ai Iiia 
•mtd mi. Tha ^llLmitKi dirl Ei<:-t JjlbI l^n^^ a wnrbrokn 

«Ml*d In Itw (l<<frwi: itT Ihp lntLer, nml tLnhomiinifi 
htffl^ bcmiuu ti> A. fiT tlie pnadptilltj of Aa- 
bimL Tlieii'iiwl A-'» life ^vui a"plujtsl i» Wruauli- 

b^rawH, HiB'lk>'l4t tbn n^ of Hvvnt j, hf Ivr 4 iwi^n 

UDd fuf ittilefcDce liD loft toliLt aumx-Htiti a «uU lik^ 
cuiliuodanjJT. tthicblit hwl « ImUy cruklo'l liiuuvlf. 
Jfirtariuivdmct rHpcctintf Iiu oaJnct unci ibiLilioi^ 
Uadngbtfr AnpA wwnio <■ lir^of hijn (tlm J leriail), 
■1Mb i« o» mrjtmiirii^i ^i>]ri|-y^ biib bu wK« hvJ not 
I^HKLtininUDorii^iiL IttunAmtedthktThecnpoB 
Ilk dtMh'inl, thv bc^Elfcd blia lu nuuo bl* Aucmwr. 
■A ttii anainr «ha ncBvad wiiaii vu^t^r tkhmv: nluitt 
«t« TUtitua oF tlia mwld; io wliicii xlin rcpmidc^;'— 
^' Y^v <i«ill di» u jrnu hnva IivhI, b hypoonta." 

AlJ'tliAKl, &n f^mirv*n( Amlvnn phiti-*>phi>r nf tEi'> 
lOlfa wntury, wfu n nntlpp of Fflml>, In AnU Mlnnr, 
U* prtifi^r iiiuiic ]«ifiic Afulimiiujud; iIiihI nb Pnuicis- 
«» m L<AO, Illn woeKh cowmt c>f Uc-4tiH* va Jiflci'- 
onl purU ^f djc AtiittDt£<likTi phibv^l^. Hq otonllw! 
im tnuvn uid pliLloloi^j, as woll u in |)hitfi>i>pby; Awi 
ant nf hit mrmrr i^inniit wnrlct )t ik liin'l of ^^DrvyalD- 
p^JlA. En wiuob ttn glT<=i l brtcf account anJ drCni- 
liuu uf »]] h-auebis of aticpvc ami urU Ttio M5^ of 
i!;U !■ ill bliD I>cudAL Uin WExkii •n6to pntibcU »& 
r^ti- in le^fl. 

Al^SKJj VlTTOLtEo. Cnnnl, wu Kim ht A^i, in 
PIV(|ii>nnl,lii }Jt't.n1 L rich nil' 1 1ll Blinifiiiahi^fl (umifv 
IDi flvty fiduuidcii vu very tlofectltc, tike ch^i of 
BB*t III4U 1^ lu> rank tiHil i.-i3^muv (lI Unit ijiiic. UU 
•adc Hfid f^UAxliftb, relkr,-H]iD Allicii, [ibiiail lilm in 
AtoolEcf^cf nablnot Tunn; but ho Bcome 1r< hava 
mad* hnit pmgnu m Wming tbor«, Wvin(f il lu 
Ignontnl it bo entire! It n^urii* i^ow tiliv^n, ati>l 
joiBpl • |iruYiiu?Lut jvj^iLicJit vliiuh ^u uiily L^JiUnl 
|«gHth*r ■ fuw J*y» tlutinc tliQ tcili-- FL>r ttrniti 
ManLsU It rvtlsH miilcluiciiiBlioI life, tmvclUnc 
b JbJ*» Vnsitm, Knglntid, H<i]lfti>«], iuii3 tton ihrnuch 
t^ onrntrvH of rrnrthom Eum|H. Ua nrit left tk« 
nsbioiy HrTlp?o; »id. itht'pn b/ enum, tiii^d. iLiDiT^g^ 
y ciUiur tJtiu^, Ur writp ilrdEumLJi^ fiti^Lry. AUil 
«iib ^n4t iuutuFM, Jua firat work, " Clmjiiti*," 
pvUHhed in 17Tf'. hnin^ fr^iNiJviKl with gvticri^ d[>- 
bImiiCp Ha ni^<4' iiH>l«rii4iiL«fl, at Uiq Ageo£ ti^enly- 




EntUmi vnmiff mlUm of In^ V°*^' f^w\^\* of 
■• iJdidiiutatai* b* <r*Hib to vurk uuLlouaty t^i ontiilra 
tharoJhiidntidf knowlods^. Jnanvn vnr* hii 
[w*#d foutMC trcv^Jjov. ntodi^d Lnlin brid Til«U| 
ulH vmi, In hiaf oiif «i|fhth j*Kr. nudt buiitolf uuEiir 
of Grvck. At Plorenot^ bo betAnw LntifrLaLt wiih 
Llje cuuntca uf AllAny |i], v.) wifu of idTina CTbiiHatj 
l^wjui! StLinti. H ibu^-btnr (if Llic jinun* of 
l«r]f. Hin pam^m, (vLprnbcn^iM* tbou^h U VH^i 
i»vk>j'tbii]«'«* lt44^ tHvlfooinf ni.imiilBbinif blm lo Mrivci 
mora a&niMVly ulUr |w#lif^ Iaid#. T> coDtinud bi# 
Ubnun In fe frt« ui! Iml^pendat nunner. ho hrold* 
tbn Uab Ub lh«i btJUTUl UifA lu hlk ccjuutrr; aikl 
uinkiiiLj over iJl bb f<9tlii(ri b? Iib uttOT* aav* • IBV^ 
derate ino-mc For liiin^cjf , b» lived bj tan* in FIoin-' 
*A«o omJ Riama. J^np«Chiu-Wh4irdlyiii^ A. nufwi 
rijvE h^i willow^ 4Tiil ftinn^l hifl plsfV* «l ftbodfr 
A1w< [Liti! Vai\* Ilf< WW (vt I't^vbon tho nvalQ' 
iLoH bruko ujt. but ■ficr An;;, lOtb, I7»-. rrtnmtd 
Lu Flifrodaa, In blir tfri^iljEu nf bh^t ^Ujtiiit luiir. 1t« 
Imit bill bookff, ud tha ifmslff purl nf th<i cnriLpL'lv 
■ditioDiifif hUtngudiH, publiiib'KE by J>iHiit iii,'^ v-ibi 
1l»vmiml h^Hl tn Ott* lut, wtui r1ii>t I.Brt Fl, ||tn:i. 
lis* rcnihlni vcPE biierrod In tho church of <<tuift 
('jiA!Ut ut FIl^ithw, b^ltvtTuUaccUiavuUIjiiiJ MkUul 
AnE[l[>p nbcra n Lmqiiful uudkuincnt by 
onri'ni hia rvKMna.— -V, wjw dMroui lo twr» 
tinnin [iun<7Tat«i1 with tho ci*** p^w^ '>f hia tfoifntry; 
nnri, wlib k pmnii, fff*, fcrnl puilniiivtii hr*rt, abhnr- 
rl[L^ 'l»rjij(.liFn, ha eleviLe<i hloudf f&r a^tc hi* dc- 
UctLCTJilc: CfinLcaijWnikiL IIIi tsiAiiiliy't ti^niLrtdpH- 
bion fnjin ihc dibaning dfiKlj of loiij-f^antlE ocd op- 

IrrHidpn, um writ u ui ftu-ntmb wluli to iiiHp>m h;« 
dllimr-mioi ■with ■tnmcth, dt^ntnj-. ivnil fn**r|nm fif 
tbnntfht, Anlnuitod him: miiI he wubf 1 1rt riLiAin tliirt 
Divl by b>fLj IJ?M, iLfuiiv Lrovjty. uiil mruity t^jLT* 
ncvtnnft, but vrrurl iii diiiJi^niEiir tlic vi» at pcfuuA- 
H<ia >n4 pofbic ad<<nimcEit. THa (^.mlt U, ibnb tun 
tngfidlvd tn «'mEj>t nnd *tiff, the pint* (lafiun, And 
lb4 l»flul^« davinil of tbnt a-tlfALitivn ipl^^ndniir hy 
vhfch &o poc* itlrt Ibi* Irimrnt mil nf mFin. NVvoF- 
tlwlev. bg in the AtaC tin^li: i^iEtcr uC luiEy, bud liM 
•attHi V ih jqixlct for tbi ma rt^ui b^vb fuUinwi-d bmi. 
nil eDBin(]I«a dlaplby the leuue faull* m h y«t mors 
f Uiing imjuicr) rmd ar* uitwortby of liu lifty vpiriL 
\Vi> r/aimij-Enr A, '4 AW th** mriit nti-^i«Fiil nf nM Ina 
dnmnMaworkm Thl» br ("^IIkI n fmm^^njrrfm,- a 
(lOUiv V (VJVi^T u tha nofk iUclf, }]c: Uivmttf] tlilB 
B]H]ciiii uf diaiiiii inlcriiiRliate between tbfl trocnlir 
nnd apcm, ah J mlciul^ t? IrnvvvmllBii ■]« pi;<viit 
tbi" iitnn- Hi* ewnii", which pr^v*! nrnrt in^aHfiil 
wli*n IiajtTf'ctntinntH S(*iv*fiiiin'l it^prnpor hJiIum^, luid 
if Lbo irametosr'Hii be iblmlLt^d tvtn if.-;il\maM bmnch 
of lltn druiiiL, Lbtu tlu^ juti'iitimi li:]iE vilvuLii^u 'if 
AM BUkka tldi", wjlbuut ducjbt, ifc fiiAO (juvtic ■Yurli. 
Afflonf hio IcQ^diia nrt Sot^U PJiilp 11. > AntiKi^riic, 
Virginia, AjiamniTin4>n, Mniyfilmrt, ke. }t«aidL'abi« 
dnniiu, A. rtmipnvd an «{itiT pfiron in frhur rantni, 
■oTcnJ lyncvl plocrit lUti^n wulnv rtml pn?tl(«] 
tminlfttiuiiB fiucii 'I'bivueo. ^'J'^lp oiiil fiWi- i—iikrtm 
pf jRjtflhjItu.Snphndca^ Kuripid**. au J AHBturihinp*. 
Arior hii dHlbmppomd thu Mifyidto^ a niouuuieul 
nf hii hstrfld tawardi tbv FtkfiHi; biiiI lii« uiUtt^ri- 
|rPii]>hy. k HtrU^Tic pi:hibitr<in ft hi* iihHRirkr. Hfji 
Eouiplvtc worlu ipix^ird nt Pikdn^t uihI Ejr^ciA ia 
laOBMid iei*>iu3T vidft 
Ax-rRAa\?fiii3, So? Copplemonth 
ALFItmu, « fni^licbiiian pf «« llurtoonth flrtitflT^, 
AumAined. ■* tho Pml™r*ph«r*' H* in nulhrir of fivd 
bnnkf nn thf* OtiwlAti<^n« nf l^rirtfdiEHH and nthfm, 
vijjOU portloQflof Lh« PbjviiA nf j^ilitolip. Hr hIm 
frrutfl A flUuculntiDii i^u lliu Motiuri uf Utc tlffltt. 
He dicA i» 1£70. Ho ■> in W iliititi|^ii<hivl IrvBt 
Mioth^r 'kl^rvi, hii £lii;,'|ifl] biBbr'[i, of tha t«mlb cii* 
tiiry^^hoirrvteii HiHtory nl thv Ablxiy uf MjilTOMbUFy* 



108 



ALPKED THE crtBAT-ALOAIUJl. 



At-ntCO TIti: GnxAT.kinFfaF KngUbd. oHD of iba 
tifxt illualrioua rqlvra -ta TvcvnU vi« liuni M Wmi- 
tn<-4^. in EWrLflhiiA AjlAiif. Hla Uttmr mu RlM- 
vikir, ion d Efbrrt, kinv' of Lhv iffvt 3«ivi»« aivJ 
LJ* wifq OalfUr^n. hCi<[ UiirUijb l|i* jDOBfviA of f«ui 
noil*. b« ■L«n«Jt-l ttK Llk4^ 4:ruwa iA the donth ul 111* 
Lroibcr KUulrvl. in i''i. kl h tmu vbon tlw iWm, 
JJnmttna, t>r S'lirthmt'ii, *iio *u« fnnitiilkbl* to Um 
RittoiM AB mrlj ju ir^r, hLiI i<tUiin]pi1 lliiiir c^tLrjiLniU 

olTjrlfl fe^feiuA lliTJin v*vrv at l^ml untuooBulul, Mid 
be octLilidni »ii]<j tF«iti« wliL«b won aol liV|ftou 
Utfir lido- He wu ii4>w lAurit^Umu y*fLn «| A{(< 
Hid bibd (i]r«4dy mfm ilnmitifb [jruufi i^f bit ij^nfnu- 
*hlp U't of lili mL|ivtdiiua and ei>i> JiLriiijf aounj/'S 

tiioi %o (oiuf^E «ilb th« cvolitew add t«utknn (■! it 

bepaliM \rf th* Stimunt UkcunJuni ut iha Dnnii*, 
HEtWKibiiillbH] frt tlw )^jka ur nr«l fn>in UicLf hriUHUL 
In t^}A, llift inuLclHm luiil ci^mjilErUily OTirniD lliir 
kiuk^JfiBi of Lbv iviHl S&itrJit, iVJidriHiii: >ll rvigUan 
tikta. A., bohiy Do lapgor *bl4 to oallttrt hi tAtctiTt 
unjy, vu obllMd to Iwa In dlt^kot «d sUjiai f«r 
ftiftfUA tims BiLhaianf bin aim De«llvff^«L in %hit 
•ItuAliDli ha r^nitiMl iTi^ iln^tfn fj fminiitf liji cuuritrV, 
Ku tirUiu-vI lii> AubjuiiU U- fiulti UiLniuiiJriai iii niiiJi- 
Km (CVQBt tlkt «ntfin>, k«vv tbpjn folalliiEoaoi of Ut 
ntreU, tAiA infwmf4lucM0lf a( Ilia Haditioo tS tbe 
JkuML Wb«D 1h* p4o|il« *^4fn bagan to ura *faliu( 
lb* *umy, A. I«tin*a hliuull vm %n *lavUlAii ir 
Iniknd (iir(it«cAUod AthDlriBT.<]r "liUnf thftnabW") 
fDnikQi] Irf itiw i:iibl}uciiiui ljT Uir rj v*m PjkifHl ilmJ Tmv, 
•laid tb* munbtii tpf f^nnciK^ bj vh«4'.K he euip- 
MPii«d bit fuiMtil ibib«»nM' Wr^m lliis eLTonelir>U 
k« luaJci trtquul iidU**; «il Lt vu ilarin^ Ua alrfnifl 
hflTA Ihht Ia wn^ if tbft tlnry It (pub. d^fgulaed u ■ 
bvpdr, iiLta tbfl ounp of kia^; Qutfaruui [or On- 
ibtiTiul, nnJ. luvinj; ^^cvrbUQvd IImI Ihv Dun 
felt ibiiuKlim av4tir») hittlflieJ bwh (oliu tfOMHii 
luJ tliuiu B^Ml dm vtiniy. vtA fitinoil mob * 0> 
£h>iad VH'l"ry» tfiiit Uiu l.^iLv Ir-j^T for v^jvu. Tbia 
tflUla tAok |iEiLi'v, in Unv, hJ^. iimit Kdjit^^n, 1T1 
UVUlibln- A' iJUiwnl tfu Dannh aIki wi-r* &ln4<l> 
in ibomunU^ to imula lhe^^ nnbjmbtl<in tiut tb«v 
Clfcv« bovUtfHij Cwk « nltmn uulhWi|ua Wc^i^kii^l 

«wd iwnolud UitbriU to A- Tlmy n>c«!vttl thki 
|HVt1aa«f ills ■■■tuii awit vf Rii^lunl mi* ooidplni 
Bir Ibo aMnisni evuvtin gf ^edutll. 9iiff<aUH Mid 
CftttWvk»» 41 ft iibftt id rwdw», Tlvt A., in tbv 
nimt oTAbaal tti jwui^ nuula Llrnvslf vMul ruljr 
4if hll JCjiglaiK^ ttiMgk never f«raiJly rwij^ikiKl u 
MirJi- Tlifl rvvj«n«f UuiniillLlLv;AMl-!tU3[ wlLloh 
fiiLliiwnl wm «uHibi)«il bj* piu lo nbnibliutt thtf 
»i>wik« Aii'l fi'Eta ih*t bid Pbfbivi oovl durinic ^ 
w, puiifidhH^ ihad^of LmdcBi io «notIair new 
f<«lhv^ tmt timinlnf bb ptoplv hi unit tml hffri- 
cuUiuv: ill iiD|aar\fi0 tlkt nxty. in tp-iKmrnimtnn Ih* 
htma kdd InianiJ adudaMmiMi ; ftnd In Uitnry 
Unim Hobi^tokivtdkklaJlbvldiicdMnJnlD 
wo&lioh H**rrK bM tUbbici^ kwJ lo w« nuilv 
■bw* tilhl>tf^ Ac, miuiuJUc, Miitta» ikwlblti, fnir 
«llQflbM«t«ammHt*4«llk& tbuirb«iiiiJa. But ihii 
■ji*«a VM in BtSatunoA Wfnrvi, m thAt it iii ithhv 
pntmbl* IbM b« gdjr ourisd out ■ nitw mamy »! 
wtUtiam boondiri*^ uul lalfodubfd nliinn* iniv ib* 
ftdfd«MtMioa«l jiHlIn, lt«H«x«tadib*ni:huor 
(b« •I>T|7r Hbd C*a«ijfrl vHBAriciric* «t 8b*JUiibio7, 
Wtnrhvlttr. uiJ AlbaJav?- In llii* M* ul Icncir^ncv 
fthd butATilin A- 0(«l1p4Bl blTRKlf Willi gTHl taftl 

la lElcvv^ punuila uid Id tlw adruiDviniml of Inn- 
itt. At tian wtm Um in Euhml wiBrE«l;f t^H idmi 
HijiftbJe ol truuUtuitf » fori ^ LMln, h« trnilvd ud 



onwur^^ml tavned Fcrdifnw to thima to bii mortj 
Uil altb<>ik|^b It m ilDubtlul wholhar b* btuiid«d til* 
iinitBT^tj4ir OicbmK ib.iOKnbi>i: Ui thi^prokulmgwl^ 
tJnUi be csnoialj fl] J inijoh t^t llin luiLircVmjpJit of 
[be moiUBlb Bcbaul vbich liarl |iii.-<jiiu»]> irKiaLt:J in 
ibM f\MCC llo fBnwd ItlUJ^ JIUULI]>fII|rl* |i> bo 
|ibri>!ul4<l frrnii LaIld, lUid biraiidll tnkiLabLlnd BirvDriil 
wt>rti Enti> An[;lu-fiAva]i, ojrh lu the J'stbna. A-^^^\ 
}-uiJ\t>it. FiHKhinit nil Ihi* Dmiuilui^m nf l'hiliKii[i)iy. 
iitK H JKtoiytjf OrcBlu^ ESede'i Eoolotlutitial lllituiy. 
4»mJ ubLcr Ai'iika^ Jie *lau »>bl« BWcik] uiuhlhI 
work* Lu Anjjlr* Saumi. uf wbieb we ni»r nii-uiiun 
L**« <if tbo Wu*| bAloriB, JiAUtqld, i'bjunkl^", 
Mi'htAtibit*, fti> If* IniJ 1])* fnundilioti al thv 
Britutb tiAvy b/ ouiiibiE ^iUtji uf tikty <pan tn bp 
UulJl, iv]>LtJi Hvr« H btronjf u uij «bl|« it ibul iiaiv 
in iiH. UnJor bit aaii[JcD* diaoo^^rivB writ' uui'lc iu 
llivnortb. onJ In bU OnB^iH becxlfluJ* dini hLtliur'* 
g40gMif)hiCJit uuliiDii by ■ cliVl vf Cunuuj^, ui 
ikfrtiiint cf ttu: Bl&ILic, niul itf ttiii 'ifrr hipoibH inifuUii 
tlip tirtirb \iif\v. whiL'h nm minjirkkblit tar llif ir urn- 
ri>4i), wbrii) viu Ulh4 bito cuiuiiJ^iAti-'iL VLa iiLrai^t 
Ibev tvbbtblv for uininnf * kiiuvlodfa uf ibcso 
libcn. Tbe«B pHOtful Ubour* weft mU>TU|>bhl. 
bboul SOIh byU»tB*C iavuiw uf Ibn Kartbincu In 
bie T<oign. qndi^T iMin Ha*Uiii. nr KA*tln[pij viil jkTUT 
B >tru^1<] tkbldi luUd ilimr]|> llinu yiur*, lUiJ wb^-h 
HD* nailf^nJ uioiv dspflnt* b^ tbe HOHikiiL to tLo 
fusmj of Ilia Xwlbawbriuu md Ekfl Ai^Unh ibcy 
bHt«k in >]iDHl tvwy Bngpa^vuent vllb Ifav 



Bv^taht Mid linaUy ^Irivvu out. A- Li-l iuan»<i, 
ill fltU^ AUwitlr, rir PnJlmwilb. the dMi]jbU?r of a 
M'irtUii JKiUrint^ : hbe ttiwd in VOS or 9QS. B« 
IrlV two ■^.rin, E^whI^ wbo nc«iad«d hta, uiJ 
Elbelfwi wbo dEoJ In »l!^; Ut tUiwbkn frcr*, 
Ktb>Uf«i*» murled to tEtbalnd of MonU; Etbdul *«, 
ftbliHB of KhAfttfbiiiT; ud Afti^tbfe. inflnl<^ b» 
BaMwLn, D»iinl uf Fluilcr*. A/n LlLKiJ^fpiiJHii iveui 
natb nnd ftmliitblif. and tila btfthntf frojik uiiJ ikllkbb? 
iPVMd aII. Tih liLarDriuipft 1a«h lueicifdl and for- 
gitfor; Aiid Ditwillieluiiiin^ llw inoMBUit pftJiu ^vilh 
wbicb b« budy wu iwikAl, be Bovfir *vltu«d bl* 
Ulwun li>r tie eiiibi»tifHi and %niM f^ry uf hLa 
cmiEilry t^ Iw iiitfr|Tii[tt*d, Hkviaif aojubgiJ uid 
uiertWii the ]i>vi.>. |fi)i;llii^(v iwd tvOKKlivii «f bi* 
■iibcmU, tbia lUuvtrkiLiB prlun diiii, Ogl. if* cf ff, 
001, jb tbv Wtb j«v of faU rJ^ 4t tb« i^ cf fiflj- 
\*o- Ult 3Uilat7, o»DiU«inf Ibt tUue* to vbli-h be 
Ikvtul, ppnanu anv of ih* mrmt pntlcft eiftm}i]f« on 
rv<n<nl of the aU* ajhJ iialnulic utuiiarvb uiului wjiii 
tbi- virtuout luu. 

Ai«U£, h lomi jkopulHlr rwtnvt^'i to idardo vj^^- 
tu^hii>UB pUnt* or i«ft'V«ttK but vhtch mc^ Im 
noAAlEyvtAMd M eeiiipnb«ndlDg ikf I ^inktif l1nw«T< 
lin plui^ wbrthiT vrnvtiia In n«h of ult u bl«r, 
1v<1(tiil^iiir tn ■-!■!■ r!-.-' TfinlUv*^*- 1JI"11">, folluw* 
iojE KiiHtlirl ]it:v<l Lbr. Alpo under Gi* 

MVcK«<r. BTid <'Aiif-Hjyqfr, h]iLi?b •>« In SvyplaaiHit' 

Al-oAnx>i, ALEXA»DCii. n Hiil|dur. bon in Bo- 
In^iK t^VSor ]f>U'l, vu aJofAlAd fat ihoMadmy bf 
Lud^jvira Cancel, ud vwi wjiw |w«b^ jho iJd, 
Vk MmituL TLd *n«iAit ta ImiMid^ b •cubtur*, 
tha f JbnuHiB i^tetuR* i>f Gbilb KoBMiDd, «■* wAtMl 
la f^v^ Ilia ^DBiu» A wrong dinvlla, idbos tb« «i«fl' 

llBMB (if tll'He pl4.-tTllT« BH dffWlIf Cfl|J|Had tO thOtC 

of Kul|ituni, Ia 14SA. Im wcflt bu Vtnlw uhJ 
tbvPGo to RiJOiXn TliB JukB uf lfmU|A bul rvain' 
iLivihdTil biDk to cArdiidl LudeTia, jaepbcw of poi* 

nfifnlfFTff- uf lb* (wden* o1 j^tUtut. U«t« A. 

WtfBUpt'qpid UtlBBVlrilljJ IBUUlaiUd UlUqiW* U.|>.ft 

M«vi]ryi,HH] in prt|iuiiit[ urlgiul wnrki, Lnoiidliic 
*tr«nl pQupa fgf thv cLurDhei of Tb>aiEv iwd alfo 
bccBOw BCf^iuintctl tritb bia vounlijiub Doawfii' 



I 



ALCAROTTl— AUCEBRA, 



109 



plifno. Thfi atAtLim nf St ^fjtpiUlflii mil SC Jnhn 
Ihc DnptiBt. fiT tbn diiirvb ni Hi Mlirviir^ nn Hut 

Kilf WW hu luonurnvbt I0 Hui FULppA Novi Cv- 
1I11KI4 Aikd primi nuw sviubd UiflmuJvdB of hi* 
iBlflnl*. bikI thn TrflDob omirt vbihoil him Ut c^i" bt 
FftriiH Uib Uw print* PimAll nucofodid in mUlJibf 
Imu ill Boui*. vbcn L» ^i«i3t June 10, 1424, bud 
WM lMin«d in lh< «)iuNh Si IvkiVAnnl dl Botfjgiicu. 
Hu J-'I'ff/f-f p/ Alitt'i. ■ bai*i Toliffvo la nikriiia utth 

Ht iVt^/i rhiirrh, in Jit* innut rwriawnrtil wrrlc- II *,< 
Ikliu Ur^i-it tt^a^'Mirf jn Tuiqtrriov, A, i*iik* W'll to 
lA>r, IltriiJiLi niijoii^ iL^IUri cculpton «f tlic ITCh 
nnlurr. kud «pU'i*IIj' mmUcJ In the pepn««iit*liaik 
of nude %tinrdp Hit Gwl '/ M^^ «f ntro aitifo. &tt 
Ui(< til1\ E^ir-^liHe^ fanfl ufMEi l»ua Ukan ttr luv 

Ai>-)Ari':im. FbajigeAcu. Ceurit; torn ut Vtaiw. 

fhiitjn^ii»^ipil i^nnnEiEUffiir in thu ItnA nrW, uid t^i- 

iiAiuiik] |i}ult4i^)'lj>. lie LiMi • preJile^w for lU* 
IjhI aEicuiJc, *« well H for uiManiTj mid dtvotod 
himidf (A (h«ia. Ua VBi uiiukintvil wlih iba IaIlh 

«Bd Grmk topgim, uid imid ^lC &tbr»tiDn tn tha 
Tii^win K)'!" oiiil Uiij^LiiO?, lo [iptfci^t Ilk fencivl^li^'y 
of wJilch Ijo i*vrit tu Fl'ifiicy U<' vi*ii«d Fnnnx', 
Eiijflniii], lEuHUt (ioruwDir; SwltiArknd, aiid 4JI bhu 
iuipi^rtAiit t«wns «f IUi]/> His Hlbbrlt^ u hii 
Kitlh'T «omcainoiJ kt mi Aaritr poriod. Whon 
tvantv-an* yHUv oUj ht wmLs Ht VliH4, IIi<j ^^jit^r 
jArt of liii jVritBin.iivjufHD v^ ^' Dumt (ihe lfe«v- 
Vnilftn rLIlwiiuliT 'ulApt'Hl r-r ^bi^ IjuIw), IT^'.I, o^Ut 
iLe luixtol uf v^OLitriJclle'd Pluiftlilj of Winlds. wl 
»heffobj !m<Ubc ffHundulKiH uf liii faint t'ntil 17i!f, 
A. livpfi jiltam&toly in Ptiu, at Ci»y, will* tUr 
mni-rhiitnnM du I'^4b<lit» Pint m T'lndMi, At tint 
liiii ljr» mo-k a]niim"ytn PwtBfuhnrijf with Uml 
lUtiii^rm- On liLi rvttini h« ij«Lt*iJ rreiDriu 11,, 
ilxH vjiPMEi |iriiiL'c, ikikd ii.flDi'k^'hn1ri Itnu'n^ I0 fniuc [u 
Kndiini: (b«9 t.^tviat, wlitk wimrviiJinf^ ftl rilLt'litvlkurg, 
Th* princtt n-u no luueL pleucd with him, tliul, u-ftur 
Ki4 lucrrtTiiiinn ^n Ih" thninfj ho mvitfid hiip tn litn 
wtth him. nod rnini-d him it (hi? t^r^k irf v<iunt, Ho 
itfAi nut tpiB u4C?riiiti.ni by Aii|,'Udlu4 IIL^ Lln|* oF 
pi^kUiiil, «bi> ^-jiiEf'irr^d Oil hiiu Iba oflid? cjf [fTJvy' 
eounallor- A. tiifrt li^'oJ jilUjFELut^'ljr nt Bu'Liri bnd 
Hrearlen, ruETiviiig frriiii Fi^ili-riif, in 1 717, tlip onlnr 
ni mcirit ani) Lhi 'ttfifCuf rlLniiibpHun. In L7^<, hn 
rttunifit to hit own uiuntrr* jind rlM U Flu cf h 
tnuaukiii-tlMiL. ITtilr ^ftv' sulfFiiii^ lung tfrai hypo^ 
tdluitdtin, 1-1 e IjiiiiEvlf furukfld tLc df«J;;D of ihu 
mmiiiiiivrit wlrL^h FmJirrifr II. criiimid t'> bu nrvt-'tud 
4v«r liLi l^ve, In Iha minrt r»f Iba riiinpf miito %i 
PliK Hn vu c^I'vt in tho insi^i^pliiin) vitli rL'fer- 
nce to hit C^trvp-mn tii (St/ra, ,i»il h)>i A'mJ^f" /'ii- 
iiiiD, » rival vf OtL^, iti>l * nolnfW uf X^Mtvnr A,'» 
kttavtodgD wo* ctlTij^vo »tid tfai-rou^h In iiibbj 
dapbrtoiDELU. In ruiiifin^ cihJ Kri'ldltt^turti ho ^:u 
an* [>l 1^10 b««t ci-iti''ji Ml Ki]r~»pp, in ^snuiF vl wliii^h 
*F in!»y rpfT I" liU wnrk eutlLlfv] h^t^j^' iKyra /< 
fifJU Aril lEflvaTt rji Iti^ F^l« Aii/<)p .-likI Io tliv 

BintJnu* ho ttlaotc4 fi->r bhn L>i\--«-^'n Grdlcry. 
Uty trtitU won: fi.iT]U(iJ uriili^r Xu^ 4tm>i>tii>Q4 Pitr 
di«w flod Git^lmd vitb innt'h tVM. In Lii wiirki^ 
wliirh omhnk'e Ji, j,''^j>t I'lvrirly ut eiiitjci-lj, liii AhtwA 
Biin^ wit ntid ii4:u[ene"i- HiH piMtniiiH ihuu^ uut uf 
A icry hi^h trni^r, OpTV ^Jriuiini:. i^ml Lla IcLteis ^rt) 
canalilrmi anions the lirmt in lb» IIaIiaii Ifkii^v^, 
A AaltKtLoq of Lia W^rUa AppCAFOl AtVaUiOt, ffOlU 



AUt,\RVK.ALOAUJLI.Al.0Knll.V« 5f c SnpplA- 

mabicU prahlanu by tdmtu uf a|Ej«bion«, i>r lb id a 
moihoU of parformirg lliv cAfduLuicn* of nil lorU of 
■[uanbLtJet by majuiA d f^nr-rtl in^4 af i^'tiAnolan, 

Snrn* jUTt^nr* ^pflnn Al^»r4 u Uin Jirt *%! miolvifij; 
fCUihciQaUopl problrnjoi lut thii li lIh; ld«A of 
luialviii, ur ihv uial^tiu nit hi ^tuxtrnX. ruiLvr thnli 
«if ftlfDlin, whjoh !■ MoXy •mo •pncjc* <if It, In th4 
ipfihcibLJ4>Li nf nl^bn tv til' TwululJon ai prob1«m«j 
W" mniit flrxt, irii/iiliitrt tb" |iriiMi<m i>\a. ot fyinimtia 
(nlft BJ;:^lir»lo InnBilfcCB, hy nt]iniMiri[: [ill llm wrndi- 
ll^ns niid i^uiJJtluA. lubli kjj^-vu uud uiiku^i^n, 1,'v 
Ihoif piTjjcf cfiAPMlcn, ■n-Biiji-id in at* pi{Liai^an, va 
HVDTiu <quati<Mii If f i ^c m wy, kiiJ trcfvtinf tho iia- 
kfia^vn cpmiitrty M if it w«« 4 kiinivn anv; lluii fnno* 
thn nninjHuitir^n, Tlvn thn ra*nUitiori or Hnalytlc 
|4krt le the ilLnatuai-llnif lh« tiaknowa qnjmmy frim 
ibcvuVDial olhtn ftUh irhliJi i| !■ oonmrctcdj k> lyi 
li> retain it kluni: vn L'[id aUU ol Ibc C(|UBtkiii. wbilv 
»t| t|jB hTiuwb <^uuTitttuu an ^oUntitd cr:t Uio dhMr 
■idN. tJnia iifkLunmg \}m vbEum if tlw bi^Vrrnvb, '['hla 
limiWBi ui [-Altji(f tmnSgntn iir nuii^uf jjjn .- juiil hr^nrv 
■tgvbn tif !■ >i|>prLr« of thtr loialylic lU^ olkJ it uIIdJ 
ibo tiuif"" ii'f'i/.'»t0, [n WLUvJutiiit^Liou lu Llit' K^r^ 
ei'nf Aiti\ijis''t\. «h1ii<?h ohicfly rcifikrlcil ^amtctrT *tid 
|L< •ppUi?blir<ii- 'i']]*.' liu'dtf lA bpplyiTitf Di|;<'biib lit 
iJw TiMiiilLELEiil] i^f I'T il»'i' Jim rfiEty |w anrl] Ui tb^i fuilnW- 
[np f^ftinplfl 1 1 i^H ub-b, Iriim thn j^Vfti difT-TYiiPo 
«f vwo nunilii r ,111. Ill,' diftt*rv'mt c( tlwilr iquuui. 
lu tijitl blic iiufi*L>i.'ir tij^'iii«c[^cflH ihtu lliif aJucLimiBt 
rv^>rE«uutaH 111 lilJ lll»^'u^^-<<, thL' flrpt ul cUcm diflur- 
bri('0« bv 1. lliv aitorid hy t. Uib uukniwn niiniben 
Vi Ihi found Ity I amJ y, kru^ ntnrUii ili» ivJitEnn b*- 
twooa The t|iiu^-H i^ivdei itnrl llicee ecnii^bt (ry ihii ut- 
I'revtivMf J - y = a, will r* - 1^ =it. 'ilirit £* — 
y^, in cunlltiu^ la uy in Ut Uji^ubitv, — (jc ^ ir) 

(jE — y)i bhiifl B ■ f^ =^j uhJ Lcoua, by aJdJliun 



uul lobtrvtion, as 



' + ''', «.dy=l^^*h,cb 



11 thru ibe gcDOFd viproailoA «f lUf propo«ldoB, 
Fvi' [jitriimlitf cuHt w luhvft cdI/ to lunLituM the 
ruapii.-Livfj iiumbon krutckd of n Mini ii, in tirdar lu 
hnvh ininiiirlihtvly tlm okmii'[K]])i!ini,r vtJiiWi nt f wirl 
p,^Tlifi olduit tihimn wltI. im HluvL^ra UuLi ni 
IMWrve. In br Diir['l;MiLi'4 of AUiiJUidii*, (Tbv l>r«l 
ttJklioD uf tbo wurbe of iLIn ^ji.'OiiLiatriclfii}* who L« 
rnotmoiily aiijipi.*Hl in bnva lit/Fd in tLo tHurlh c*&- 
litry, !■ tiiLl of Touluiiv, L4170. folio, With h mn' 
inAiLlvy liy Bvhct liiid nt^t^ai r>y FiRnnt I Kurirp^ 
l^tfovid'.DttiviUOnt ■cqunlnliHimwiLh tbiiiAuiuuwi, 
iir>l bo Ih* AivuodiiHi irritofT bub {om i» ihit c*tt 
friUk uiucb -'A itc kftowtcdgfl) to th« AiabtJiiiJi. ba, in- 
dv^Mln thu iitkoie ilMlf ahcw*- Th#AraViUoi ttmiigH 
Ihair kf^liru to ?4|iiin, whern tt foiiml tM wny to 
Itily, The- »lata of Uiia Hnvuc'c t.1 Um^ ^luu iii4< t* 
Ti'MtiPiJ fiiiin UiB wurk of Lm^a* ilv Bui^^j J^uiv^ 
^pLilcbri^ .%in\na A rithitlint ft tlatmftniB. Prvpar^ 
titiiivifi'fUirti Pvf'fH'rtio'iaiifaltini, Wmar. 1104. T*!* 
liiLflia u( l^ntfin, (isrilivniit of ?iTiliin, und Fpmri nf 
Itolni^iii, uv fiifilily ^i^liii|;iil4li<<d rininn unniii; thn 
luUftn^ilVtUvitAijftlilfcciiEi^ lici|i.>il. InGfTmuty. 
uliOt |]|4 atudv of jdccbn «ru pruHviitvU lb thti li^tL 
lifljf of the siiiUonlb dwutury. of >vhioh Iho wurk ^^l 
Midi, ^ifel, prufcnor of iqnlhvuihtl« kt Jvnu. 

riTiTib- 1J^44. 4C0, j^vn ibt lun&t cltci«ivr proof. la 
Eiii;tniid Ki:L?urd<:» Lu FmuiT FflcULniu. win itiri- 
ti^iKwinbci] itlt^cUauU about the tamf Uuic: but tbo 
nuifliiDc wim ikfWwanlt gi™.tJy euHuluU ty A ict*, 
inutDF flf i^utAU ot miH&n Mar^r^l of Fi»"«, 
ttho i^ird in ] <^(j:^, BUrJ hy tho LagEiahmvi HtUTio^ 




■■KthnntiCiciqA Albert OinLrOf vhaiiifr! athml HSU, 

DMOvlai ii y.) Ahii Fcrniat, wunrtll'ir of ihc r>u-- 
IklHDt vf TvuiuuK, nlv- iJiffJ in lOtil . kuU IIjc 
^■■4 iCmrtua iq. v.^ piiUuli«<i lu 1T<^T liii vtriVAnic- 
fifa £^4»vwwii4. Ah th* muim HauB witt liim* ],4]ilt- 

AftUt him .MvUuinil 4Jlfl Millar rlLqtLlij?iiU)inrk lllfini. 

■olvs tn Uic mint tuiJiient iiiAnnDT V; cliriiF odclltluiu 
to iU> put vF uukUmiatHHl kuu««l«iifr. In hUn 
Amm uorc hibvo bcoi "-* — * «floiia »a rruv nlgv- 
bra to ■ htrloT do^pw of inrfeoUffii. VT* nuj nama 
iHAiEi^tert. d^AWmbfft^ I.ipnui^ Usmui^ IrimimUir^ 
»>n. n^nui^ CnDvla, Lvcvii'^rvj LariBon, T^Omli. 
4ifeUH^ &o.— 'Ali^nbrm aiiAbtfi* ui to tiw%-ej reuulv 
AlvJ lii4^T cuiupiii4L«l idaluuiBn llli (lE>liiii;iiifLal 
Inr Ui*, tLat neb dI it* cxpniakona ciflitAJiu * vkAIt 
4» idm inlaatM to h* couvayud^ vliilc oil Crtbar 
liagUftgBi u tbpH oJ itr>nis nf Utm niti, fLf ■ynhi^j'^ 
«nlj uproiliutii* mrarr nr |?bi in Uii< pn>pwd ifiH. 
On llu* MKOvnt i^a nimci IcJiAon of ivu |uiy>iiAvBi 
OMk IU*Qt bn UiaJa, Lci.'bUK ovuy wori m uiie In 
«OflD«AcJ with v<lct0 nud umjciAkH'n* di^craub from 
ihoflB btlDhgiutf lo tii<t 4;ortu|]aiiiiiitf VDiiJ in ihv 
dlwr. An ftlfrhntii^E lr4nin]U. fin tlai f^nnlntry, nm 
ht aadunMd niniLTlj imU t>^ ili^ KjxnchmiLn uiil 
lbs lltodoi*. if llity &n l"'Ul ai>| uiLliiUU nith thu 
■4;iift In li^iHblJiuJ'i H'KVD- (i[ M^hn^Dt, Sdiib(t>t 
L 41, tlum ii n Ual c{ tljc priiii^tpKl ivcirlc dq djjfQln. 

AlUfmhr^ Joti4, L?7>'<, KnW'4 A lgi<hrt, tm-n tinted hy 
HuiiiJliJEII Inia Frsncli. wllli aota by Lji;rrui;^ A 
r«*t juvJ ifUfl hliliiju ut lLj* lr«iaUlivu b(j;>«leviI lit 

^Uvnqf*^ bJdiliniv Kr.ftrtLL4.W (FtPiiilifart oq tlia 
Mufi*, ITSd), Th* niwmiiiii MHUuriaa 'IVvbUh> 
on AJ({*tn {^ «d. t^anAan, i;.'«n) I* ili<(Jngn1»rinl 
UBontf ihD old aUmonauy twoliA fi>p ii-jliiliiy mul 
cbanoift Wo Oni woMtgdao ui^ upkiuttiAu In 
8uiidMcn'iBkn«a1o«f A^4brsCBnbrUg», ITi^ 
two Tvl», 4ta, timii iltUi Ifrto J^roncli by ■fuamrt, 
AiuUr^lkin. lT£ti. Cl^nnfi A%tbf% vhidi vh 
Urti pobl^thid in 1744. hAi been wanJ titnca n- 
firiBlBd, UUnlj' Ln inn vaUn., hr IjuetuIi, fvilh uauti 
Inr Ijictuicv uhI tiHt^Uo*. Bfsuiil'* AlimbrK jn 
mo ooeobd pkct M hia QfuU*tit trork. Amn cf^ 
iroMitofwui I* rr#4y< ii U ¥mnm H tU iJrld 
UrU^ HOnd vL bj y^ymfd. fvK IVOQ. ti *«Il 
Vfiiton. Tba liVvutk han Uu ibooI anllimt ol^ 
tuaivf mtfki In tUo m la vtory oilier bmnch of 
tUlltnoaaiok Among iboK, niicljd uai^ea ia du« 
%a La CnJx'o Cffun, Md ha CMtl Ukrgr4ii <i Dif- 
/mnlwf. An «i!ffd)«l ooIkotioQ of problpHv in 
ol|*lr^ vi<f otEivr hnnolui of milMttabroH u thtt 
uTHnor Hinch. o Ganutt. =1 td. Hfrilc, Ull, 
vtlcb nU ilwDHo k> b* licLLtr kiuittD In ihi* 
WUdUt, 1>«ovm« It conlalu tlw |[n:k(nb amiipijr of 
bMrnUBv rxMUfW unofad ib U# boi4 tvlrr. 

Alaehul btfi^ifwtoiioJ^fptt^toSopylooBoat. 

AL(K>a or ZwjLancoro IUT, « tbo ». «wt aI 
Jktncu, i\0 niflo* R bf 24. fMn IboMfO of Good 
BopatlALSTAS'&.loEi, SriO'B. At ibi aalTMHh 
fomtid ti? cno Wwdj «B thtf N. E,, Md fa|>^ 
lUcU^oaltwe. V..Elko>owlJlh Af nSuik*. II* 
dvllvr » cfPiifiiMd la Xhn wla la lluj ^V. au! N, K, 
bnt W V*V7 ndiuUtf, v iA«4m i« ib cUi«r nfugn for 
■Up* diiritif Hit K W. Bftlt* pr*nl«n1 nn Ui* A^l- 
liM lank Tbrmaolintdjoricvtictf »tthll»brtli, 

■t tlw lOOOlll 0< Lilt? lUollOVl^ Hbcn UlCfC ii O tUM- 

Al«Oo^uir«j NdcQi Aawiowi Indku a« tbo 
AoBoibcdD AT U^Tiv lAk*, nd Pndn d* PovUg*. 
*nn(jghon(0|iAv**fvL tW hatv oulArcd moiAmmi 
* V ud dtUT niniiw, ond bvMj iMMt IW OwIl 



Thft A, word lDRD<rij oi?[inc<bw) vntb tho Irwjwilt 
Indimia, »iid roiuulArwd ik* tlj^r |iin»iBDtHirB. but Iba 
IntLrr tniM H>nn 1*^phn l/i Tir&l thnir fnTmnr mutvn 
in tbo arid ct hIjlJtLD|^ and of w. nrifL quiuTrlftonu^ 
wbkU pivrtil hbiiviL tsldl teitbo uJAtcun uf llid A.« 
•lliiJiijib llicy *v«o HfiubeJ ]ty iJu* Kraiidi, Tbm 
iri « cLurcb JivotQ^I t<3 tha Hj»ii>uh rbJiL-iim in tbnr 
IrtTitJi^, bul tliiinitiiHirtn* of ihn pUr^ hbT* hit^wHA 
bivl lUtlfl pitrint nn IrbnLr mnnti 'I'hoy am tii thv 
j^vuorol pruticfi of polysAoiy, nml much ^vta v> ibu 
uw vt irikhJircbtijij^ ]ji|uun» Xlio Wumdv anfujid 
ttan l* ciiUivbCfJiniaiionblooaddflbocbBa pAUb^*! 
itud iKu H'kly |]^ tL«if woman, tLo man bAhg di' 
tfToMocI with hibiEig tLii<i himtinjf, Th^y of*, Uk* 
jnrot of tbif othpT IfKliM^ In a mlvmbta ataiit 
doe /ndi'dAj. 

AutCAXU' ; ui J^iulu. «ii uHitcr wIic4o biuiiari* It 
b io crtcutd tbo r3o3U4 of « jud^fi. 

AlhaStj^: ttiu uidkatit Uftiyii JvUfii b iDwn rd 
^pHih. in ('inrivU; Un. 4' V W ', |nt, »T 1' N.( 
on nlio MnUiL titi^iyOTo id)L9 from GsuiadA; 
liopuloiblijii. G2H. Th'm jiImsi t* oolctorated for lU 
HUEf] m<!dldiiikl Idlba «itd drlnkiBg vaten, lit i» 
manti': lituhtini; bi:lir«n oiafiST mouDbaiDOj and liio 
pilUnt daf<iii» of thv Uoora agUHb iba ft|iuuArda, 
U:iJ» v^ht-n llm Enm wiu Lnknn nnri ■f^kt't. 'IIiq 
IhrinrLpii]. I-Ath li ■ >lnph«b ^^U'loi*. anA \t CEactlj u 
tlw .Mi«brii» Irk it ; ihu uQjilkr li dtcukt in f*mu 
AuJ ■• |iT"tial];r All'TOiBraemtioB. Oa tlu: himuuJ' 
Lfig EiJ'Jimtaiiip kbu Kio Fn^t num, uil f'^mui Hvaful 
riuoa»du. Wuli^n^-pn Ijthiij, in taii 4.'bi"niatB nf 
ikTivhaii^t. i^vnB h cpmtA] vooiint itt tho tikiiif nt 
Ao "ibo key of Griiito'liL" Lyroii'a tranUUoiL of 
Lbv ^oiiratKt Mu'i [kitvivis, uu tbo laki&j[ uT A., It 
/aiJiili«if iu every T^^icr. 

ALHAVitA. MilmkaT Ai-n^uinA, or AtlTAunitAH 
[.• itiB K^J I'lty ; a Bplpnclid pnrtinn m an^anTb nf 
mioVirt l4t;iruvt.i, trli<^i U vru rm<* nf thx priij''i|iitt 
t<au of tha oiEijiln cf the IMitun in ?-(>iviii. It wu 
Uic Alouar. ur lu^jtl fptdw uf the klLiyauf (Jmuv-la, 
bat i;ivir, ty numvtcpu* adtiltioiia. tX Iwt, into 
uiotbaroi^, Ib-nu 1 Kliatib. vt AlltMUbf d#«oribc« 
it in hb MOMAt«4 thu ttrrju-V^m mid capital (irboh 
Is [>rtwriv1 In CwlrLi t^ihite-thrra AvufAfo-Ktruri- 
utmiiM) u ft iM*m\. ■[iltriilul |jbu.t, Hliaro aft and hb' 
luni rit-»[ vvcb utlicr m iiJ^^iiifkiiumB. tWatad on 
Lba nanbarn brovr ai a l^pfiy cfniArm^e, wbitJi OOBI- 
mmida a fUl vi^v of Uu nt; (^ €nui(uJa nn lb* oao 
■Ida, and or ft ohonnlpg onoaCry on tha otluVt A 
efidiwa in \u raiTol vdk «uMi7 mMkamaia oi Mk> 
dent arip Mid tned ol Itt rormgr aplomloor. Our 
ItadUi) (1K4D iti4> tivt otbrw UK (pci j;l«o a dntitiption 
*4 tba ArtkbUii pAUoTt comnKhcffl ht Uolmmiu^] 
AliU Al'liU&h Fan Nivr^ tha vccrnJ of tLe M<»riili 
kln^'d <iralkJb1h, and <««iiip1«tru| 1lrl>1f1^'t^1>0 IfajjiLJ^ 
in t^ Tear ol tba llivin TiP, of A.1>. Utb , nar 
uf tha ApaoMi piJaw i.\>Duiii:iii»d 1>T4.1uirE» V.. ua 
aiHirlionef thanuu uf tbv Moonih piirice^ ll ia 
a |ilac« aqtuJlv Intomtin^ to tha aituEf llio antiiiiiAr- 
Un» and tb« ^laUinui, I<b« Mr Murphy'a aiil^idid 
vorlL rn tfaa Arabian AnUqokttMOl Kpbm, anJOiraa 
Jana'i on the AUuLohm tS vol> . J-oDrlon. lel^^fl); 
abu Itiatiurf vf Uio UaLuuifitaa Eminic m ^laiBi 4 In. 
I>mi][iii, lildtwilbtbo Bapplaibn^t ; it C^tlic^ii"ii uf 
Uv^rcid KotiBta and PoMia Odi Iba AibBnam of 
tJrana'fa : Bwinbnrv*'^* IN^n^t thmnf h ^pmn ; juut 
WulilTi^ion IriiD^a toifI. mlitlrd 'llr AlhfLinbra 

Au ; tba BHt of Aba Ttlob, vba wu imoU of 
MaliditMt. ^Miui iIa latter ■— mUaJ W kranmoEu 
aad dodarad h>* wophalu mtirifTt be adiad v^icb 
amnti^ tbaoi «ou]J l» bUviaia, " t am iba emiii»" 
aotlalintd All. Ihoa bul fniRtvq t<aaffa<ibl. "WhA- 
anr iwa agitiMt ILh-^ I ailJ daab otrt bla 1«B4h, 
(or out bU ejm, }tt^X Vm lap. lip up bk bcflr, O 
imrpboti I will t« ibj vIucih" All kept tua wuid; 



AU^AJJEys. 



Ill 



» 



fliilin^iitlir'il hMh hy rltv\afnf« ta\/l Vilriar, hp 
b«r*ii;(r imr .A thf infill JfiUfcrt nl tlic new ffcilh, flnd 
nbLurhkl tUtf iioiiia uT lliii /ji'ni iff (i\ni. aiavriM iif- 
toriouji, ][• bIm iTcciTui ratiin*, tha iJnii|{hl4r of 

wu» wt Mi'J* In Jaffiior, lUcoMBHwlrnf Ahu Lalinr, 
OtAw, LniiCiUimui; btii on <hc bBUriinL^hnu nf Otri- 
pUn. in A-D, AA-iur Ofla^bolKCUQiculL^jK unl fc(ti--f 
& miM of rtTLiuuI™ ^^Lh tiroX *ihummi*t Ciittllv luhV 
bbi Ufa W biKkuidjvtioii, At Cufib» in tht ntiy-ihxrd 
^HT of bm i^m A.l>. £i!0 {ir 6d)- Th>ru n-u iliiui' 
dlUff of f^k]ii|r*iir II the* primitjtw HLmplkriKj anri 
fiknilioiiJ ^oroLnn if ihn tiril (iill-nvcr^fif MftlinnT'l. 
uifl All furEiiuil oiLQ uT Lhu itH»li cunAiiiL'uoui v-uUiljiIlii 
irf lliuoh>n)uiLCtjLrii. TIlc M^mikmcJui aeliuu <aiuc(1 
hr lh<] niiir<lcr of AU u< wcU kD^wrii juid bia mi u 
aiUlod H^JmE'is i^' l^apxtni, hy tha ^onMifu, or otthci- 
<l^i, (Nf lFvra4< iiiimi«,anil aUh Ittam ) t'hi* I'eiwiaf.s, 
A |LUl lit Hn Cib^TArUn. nml f-imt' ^^f Hit priDcet 
vJ luitiih n:L^]JUU luUuAisrm uf All to tLL> iEb>'. HIa 
pottcdlj !■(? TiuiucrfUSt Ami u* nlluwcnl lu -kw 
ITQgji lurbi»i» in b<>noiir nf tluir ([cnnnl Irom tlte 
prcpbal- TTiira U tfitUnt, femnitif riLrinttB i^iitingii 
AtMbnUH t'> All, IL onllonbi^h of b hdnrirwl iDiiiciini 
u leniiDlitt*. nhldi hATo been truulAL^d by licpJiot 

Am i jo^hrtof Vadbn, ^piMrmlly cnJleJ il ii /'*Et/ii#, 
k Wd, iciUUi^tJtl, jin<l ctjifly Albctniim ; atl aHu 
■Ulovnjifi Hurl worrictr ; but vithnt An* of th« irnwi 
hcodOD* itnd utvcmijiiilniit oF men, Ho v[d tmrn nt 
Tepttol In )T41- llli futhfT, ui Albuiiui chief, 
^ioi] vf L'rlcf, ill oLiiucijtii<Lii:e nf libiii^'' (li?;iiivDi| irt mil 
hmhamivrica n-ud wcaitli l»j tin ucigliluuHti^; pncLft; 
bat In nntlwr, x vindtcti*? und [rtei-H:E]<?9 VDumn, 
r*inarknhJ« fnr ciLcrg^ of fhuw:t«f-. atiJ whn hofli- 
l*t*rl nttio rrtmo whinb "ho rif^.-'iivrl it pTp«Jipnt lo 
vmaiuil to Aitoln Ijlt rmls, irlvraJ \Kt mou, ih]u;i] *ijl' 

rvpBiitaKUj' dcfoAtcd in hJ3 Altcmpta to nmynf Lu 

Xhtt fnOiintA^ni, ao'I rvan (■'» jil^gi^ hii tnhrv Lr brntp 
hlDU«ff (riMTi ktnrvlng. Flla okliiiiutlH, Tat from 
•iiflciuujf lui iHniKikiUuii, iruly fljLi^iJerul il iulUj^LoJ 
bvtdjiv* ami f^uhmu^, ^liii^b [rtiuiiipJIv iIoTiJitpoil 
itato iiacli<]iialiiiu' an 'iLht](ity,iits)iiimUtioti,f<?rf flight, 
tlvaohny, vii^vh^r, lutd ^amlibh crkiolty. ilu nalur- 
kU^ Im^Urahtf Cfiin[utT vtm fimE ronttcj hy nn altiuih 
whkh liits iL4lJiu4Di tribu hijuIh u^n htiik in itlf- 
defpEim, bi lIic vuunv uf whiuli ib^y uutjoiI ufT hlii 
UKjlHcf and hJHtar, wlvna Uiav LnutEU trilh gi«& 
fitunElv- A. voAtd ta evi^irmiiu^to tL^o ^^itira race. 
By tha umidcntil liitocvury dF a cKfii' of ^l*!, b« 
■«i*-nfcliWI l*^ Tuiao & tiref nt '2*Htf\ ni'in, mMi wltrj'l) 
b BBJDbl hii fiiaL Tioiorv, wrvnkcd hu ven^^ucc on 
1^9tdi4t«9i auJ tulcrul Tupulvui la triumpli. On 
II4 yen Jj^T of ttle n^tum, ho inutJcixJ hia l^mlhcr. 
■ham bo thought ^liltT oi tn'Mhorr, iwilI thin im- 

Cnnncii hia n]'>thcr m tbo hripuni, on thu chu^ of 
fcTlli^ |ioi*onfv| trtfl ilc(VMi*M ITapp "he iotm ftftop 
dial af in^ ^^^^ n^. rruntk^ fifty yeim of oon- 
nbvit wfiuf. he tuUJiiiiil u wiiJv tixuitL *>t ivtr'Aoty, 
vkich th4 Peru juuictifraoil hu hoJdiit^', with the 
till* of poohih, I>Lirmir iha ^uHtmi-RuB'iaii war- of 
mT, IwtiM «DPh t^iuut ■oTTicff tr> tha I'lirkt Lhnt ha 
M< lum?^ p«ohH of TnknU ni 'I'Ii^hsi^Ij ; nt tUf 
nunn tiiuu he »ticA] VBfani. i^f whicFi ho a^*i^ gut 
liiiakdF A|)|xHUtoi] p&chu, by ii;i:«uh cif hiiburv 4oJ 
A f«rfoJ AnoAQ. Hq natf. aa q mtfr^ (lip|iLirD4l 
miMXty vtctUant qtu^itiut- lie i?lAar«cj the iDHiRiiitiiii)- 
fObfa rtf rohihen, ^hnm hi? rnrmM vtUi mllitivy 
Vtoptt ijutllftl Ihp fjv.Tlrtnii tbnt itn?viil[4>*l. nnd, in 
■ltat» •» yuivructl bin UuiuiiiLuut tlisL nctfU-rUr uriJ 
qnM look tba pUce ttt inivchy, the ruihia were tt\iU 
^outnotoJ, Aiui CQiwDoriin floiiniJioU, Shi>rllj lifltT 
tlii» b* oonoludad ba blLiauoa vitb Bonnporiv, wbii 



ppMit lllin r^^lnccn ; but vTifli Bono|art« Hhiii iJ^ 
fi^atc^ m KfJypV A-p Ell IfDsS, utaad ihoM nlo^Nhui 
iJjA .MI411UUJ mn*l i*bi<:U llw Fmuk luul tiiLm IruJil 
the VfiitotifUH, n* then *tlaok«d Uu farkr* BuL^o^r^ 
(q, vk, ohil i»iiqii(rr«t tbflcn In 19<H, «ftor wt tJiro* 
^n«ri^ WOT, 'Hm Fvt* ucnr oofHtHQtad Um eenr- 
iknr rif KrtLiniintA, Wham b* contknuoil hit *ynm t4 
u[fprcwiuti Htitl laoiv r>fxrDlr thu Ivfdn Ha r*- 
tvuijf-il vu bhc lubaUhuiLa tff TrantiU an Jii}ijry dnJiu 
to hi" mnth*r ft»tty yovr jirff»inuiJj, bj the i^^iiidrr 
of 'Y-V iqiJ«t iltfunnnrimiti of tho i^mTiotrAtort. tLoy 
r.lir-nianfv** lu^m^ laTI ilr^rl Tn 1 ^rf^ ho fiLt4*ff(l luto 
A arrind trpnty with llfiriaj^firtc, ilthI ff«Ri tiuat tiinff 
|jia iltpcEiilirhw tju tha TurU^ Wa* iitnnilj ncujihuil, 
AiibJfi^ Ml ;itL|i:|H:iii1cijt »(>vc[ri;^LT. Iiir r^triirJ 
A^rtBa from viinLmii forricn pnirvn, intrlji^nijiG itJ^i' 
nntoly with Kn^nml, Fmnoc, ftnd Ruafik lit 
I'nftrt nt li^ngtli fb4#rniinr«l lo pint iLn vnrl t/t tLir 
pnncT nf tbii duluji rtbci : ui<l In 1^20. Siduii 
Mikhiubud [irudtiEiiwud bb dapuniliuji- A, iv«]iitnr 
so'cml mL']i>a whi> fere mhI t<> curij' miB thiv draji- 
Biub, oidj' luir^iiLJcinn^ ^.t bbnt (F'Ij, 1, l^'.^lf^, <n\ 
r^pfWm^ Dqi]raikC<>a , f»]itlnni*i1 liy opth, Ihtt hi* Uiif 
am! pmpertv ahmilri h^Br*nl«f him NntvuhaEend- 
inj; cbi)^ Itasun I'aohiL vat dap^toEjod fcjnr dttyn 
Ulct iKek a» III (kmuid Uia 1iciu.I, Tu Uii* A, 
KtdW, "My htniX u ii<il tu tn ddjvorrd up vu 
cEktilj;'* iiJCA:Fmji(it]jin2 thv woria with a pijitArbiJ], 
whiEih bcvhkci hia A[>pnii(iht'a thij^. Ifo thot tvn 
m'lr" Honrl on thn *(>•>(, hut frtl 4I the aAmo Dionoiii. 
Uki heofl Hii conVdjf d ta Conituitlni^plc. mud bii 
trvuBum H^ffl BiL'Ued b* the Toita, Ab ft ii;H.-i:A:iitiii 
*if thtf manticp in which thipn iii,^iii oblnjiifd by A , 
WD tniiy rnvfali^n timt, Bibirii hi* tucithnr v<m nn 
Alhiunm. Hiul hu fathar & Turk, he ^hhimr-il Idaitwff 
with. UTid hIkH 4U pinpFTty left Ky, r^'T""'*' dyiiic, 
on ijTOtfliue thut tho tntAior won Ids rtlntiuii bv 
Ulo uiolhcrr'n nidi;, il he hjkmn^itiil hi In n Gou^li, r>r 
on bui ffcthcr'* miiIi:. if a lurk. fSf« JMiklL«'Brun» 

in T<il Ti rf A'hj^vp^'m ^ainn'ra rf« t'^ny^f, to 1 

ALt^F^ [iMiial. "(rtborwi»," ort*Ti uittl in rrf^Lnf 
uf urilriLituJa. Afti-'r une nvaa nitd iKfnri uvtbcTt tif 
slEikitr thikt thoy hnte nHumcd, iiin*t Mwlv for ^inj- 
i]bittjn1 roBdirnB, <I;lTi.^nint nan>tNi at difTcicst timea, tut 
JcflDph StL^ith o.^4hu T]k^>inFui ,1nnf:a. 

AML'AMl,or AUc-SI-K fnooii^nt LiiffntHm). mdlj 
and port on th« Mfdli«rFJUkc&n m^K loii^ 0" ^~ \V., 
UV. 35" 20';" N,. ^iiIi3j.O0i>Sn]iibit«flea bdudlTn; 
tbi: mburbi, aitutttiail m tti^i t^fuuiuh \T^ivmoa cif ihi? 
mno rnuno (3[>Ci,£A5 ifilmb'Ltiuita). It is ■ wcU-bailt 
titVriL^ U'iir> ej^ociniaa (tr«eta and a^napv* (iLt lout ill 
Ihn nenrr pjirtt), 14 aurTOLind''4l v^th vitlU, tJfi 9or* 
iTLounted by n iLruiij* coatta MitOktcd on u ccidueuH 
and uopiLtimidiui; t|jc hity- It jb tJno we uf » bi^Unp- 
Thc Imrbouf Im £ood, »rid hu Ixun Iqt^lr doq>ctkcil 
PAd tmpmrcd. Ad tdipfirtAat ivrticlo oi lUipirt i* 
BVTPot WLD«, cAlTfd .4 f^ismf , hpd nUfh, frnm it* dnrk 
oolnnr, rtns fj"/n, whloh ii, lor iho m^ait pMt, ktHI 
to EofUnd- Cbarl^ V. fine pbulcd iW Thi». 
bfiRLiui^ hIuuLa fjum [.]■« Kluuc AnotbFr iuipiuiuail 
ortiitia of ei[Kin iiiaiurlo ^4*a, oJk^ AbuNulB, ILqu^ir- 
iao, loivlj ko. A. ia inkiHirtant u tha *fii^>onuiu *A 
Vnicncinik prfldiinn, And piik** l|in roinaTtiicLLnn of tliti 
FAilivajrito Mudnd JutnULOiprOQ hdmnmidcrBM/ib- 

AMCcmiA ; an *Uric«B Int. oT ml uiiiiumflB bulk, 
n lutiva of Con^. Of t>io b«h » airorH ttirtB'l bs 
nuidej thvaholl or nndcf tUit fruit may he mad" iuta 
a noiimhin^ pAp, flvrvrt tiir TOsniU of tianoiiA tinda. 
ciu'I ^v«an iTiflnatLc tvt* to iir»ttir rrT-arrPeal in it. 
Ths iiiifeU lvuvt« luv u«fd H food bi utat of ivAnilty. 
Oke litrj^tanM (o nova hutt.aud, bcDp^ buraoOt iiukLe 

ALma. Id ra^d to «»b cQuntry^ u ikUen moj 




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ALIEKS. 



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bt ilcAit**! lo b* ft pmoci b^rn AUt of th* jurlidlclioii of 
tliif f*iiiiitFj. ilbJ tun litring: vs^iiIphI thti r^;:bt4 vl t 

VTTT. it nvb uainfTiBJljr ftii|jlic4lilc; fur vlulJi^Hi turii 
out of tJi« JuQitliUiaJi of (ir«3t lintun. wIh-ihl] ^thdiI- 
btbtftbjIliffftdHr^a idd*» or wW^t fathn^r^ wnro ;»h 
Vanl-bon tubJHte «r**ntiL]^totb«niEhuM n&Uvj 
TJlhm^ vnUm. %nheamaol llietr liMh, ihclr Uthr<n 
Wf<r" In tln' "irvlui of ui nfinmy- AH«iu ipWl- a Ifjtat 

fJL jfenffal TdW f^ir 1^0 fimrvittii^n ^f ni^lfir, nbii^L 
■Jo Uirl nLtl# nvcnnllf to ffitiH*'^*. Kvc-n ftlivn «ni> 
mitf nhy «ii> ui>l Iwnierl. u In 1lnb» <»| p**'*-. Itl 
hnrinit AHiaitKfonEgiien wtrv not p]Iiv«[ to nikfi 

liwr pra^i'itT, T\ia wnv yrt* Ibd omi ia Baide in 

*:er* nvncnll/ tr^p^k^ iiifc'>Ti with pT«T, jr^hnij Anr- 
Ing tliu uil^litio tffni, %na thi> [nhoi^lMblo nilt of the 
ffruL^ iTduAciine vm ortiiiiuuiJy lu furuc, Tlila Uw, 
frliJvli cUIiriqd for lUr lxuc£t ^r Htn BtAlntliwlTvcU 
ol dwHipi lord^hDn W*bitf ni^ hitini whr> wtr 
ttftllvMi nKHtoJ Lii Knnw lilL ITt^l, ulivn it wu 
Ab«iM»i1 tty tf]!' tint (v>niht»4*iit uvfiilily Thf 
CoiU A'a/M^on niirei'i du huih ilkjolKhe of tlia 
drvii iTumiMiurt wUli IIjh ■ifiu^r u4ix)iIlcjil. IUaL 4l]ii.-i^ 
■IriniLd la flbbitbd to vcjoy iu rruito bliu vmc civil 
fj^ti A« v*» Kfiurvd to Frffn^ibnu^ia, i'j' ift*itjf, in 
tba Mtrntiy |A vtilf^h tha nli^n h^Tmii^d, J'hia Lav, 

iUip!MB* tht Frvnch lUtLiti?