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PORTL k.^D, ME. : '^i;i^F_WAj>>^\^^ 







HiSTOEY, eveu that of a township in the back-woods of Maine, 
should have for its object the improvement of the reader. 

His entertainment, too, is certainly desirable, but not at the ex- 
pense of that higher purpose. Of the success of this little volume in 
either direction, it is for others to judge. 

It was not proposed to confine the following pages exclusively to 
the township first named Porterfield, but to introduce various subjects 
relating more particularly to the Pine-tree State, of which this town- 
ship forms a part. The writer, until recently, had no intention of 
calling for the services of the printer. He did intend, after obtaining 
the materials thought desirable, to arrange them in manuscript for 
himself and such friends as might have the curiosity to look over 
them in that form. 

The individuals now living, who in childhood were familiar with 
the faces of our first settlers, are rapidly passing away, and soon but 
a meager tradition of these pioneers will remain. 

If, by these pages, some memorials of them worthy of record, shall 
be saved from oblivion, the labor of the writer will not be wholly in 


Porter, Me., June 1, 1879. 



Deed of Porterfield, from Committee of Mass. to Hill and others.. 7 

Title to Maine, how acquired by Massachusetts 10 

Discovery and settlement of Maine 14 

Situation, area, and climate of 15 

Climate of Maine and Illinois compared 16 

State valuation, and population in 1870, by counties 16 

Population of Maine and of the United States in 1790, 1800, etc. . . 17 

Porterfield, settlement of -^ 

Families of early settlers in 10 

Plantation records ^° 

Incidents of the times 31 

Timber lands 3" 

Church organizations '*0 

Porter, incorporation of 42 

Town records 43 

Soldiers of the Revolution, war of 1812, etc., furnished by 46 

Representative districts 48 

Mills and bridges in, population and valuation of 49 

Town debt, currency, post-office, and registry of deeds 49 

Names of the soldiers of the Revolution, war of 1812, etc., resid- 

mg in "'^ 

In memoriam ^^ 

Plantation and town officers, and Representatives to the Legisla- 
ture '^^ 

Presidents and Vice-Presidents of the United States 78 

Governors from year of settlement, and Senators from the Oxford 

County district "^ 

U. S. Senators and Representatives to Congress from this (2d) dis- 

trict . 


Cabinet officers who have been residents of Maine 83 

State and town vote for Governor, and town vote for Representa- 
tive, when a resident of 84 

Marriages recorded by town clerk, from the incorporation to 1833. 87 

Marriages, later record of, to March 1, 1858 90 


The territory which now embraces the town of Porter 
(except about 120 acres of Cutler's grant) and the western 
portion of Brownfield, was conveyed by the Commonwealth 
of Massachusetts, by deed to certain persons as follows : 
" Know all men by these presents that we whose names are 
undersigned and seals affixed, appointed by the General 
Court of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts, a committee 
with full power to sell and convey the unappropriated lands 
of the said Commonwealth lying within the counties of York, 
Cumberland, and Lincoln, for and in consideration of the 
sum of five hundred and sixty-four pounds, lawful money, 
paid to us for the use of the said Commonwealth, by Jere- 
miah Hill, of Biddeford, in the county of York, Esq., and his 
associates hereafter named, pursuant to the contract made 
with them some years since, the receipt whereof we do here- 
by acknowledge, have given, granted, bargained, sold, and 
conveyed, and by these presents do, in behalf of the said 
Commonwealth, give, grant, bargain, sell, and convey to the 
said Jeremiah Hill and his associates, viz. : Aaron Porter, of 
said Biddeford, physician, Thomas Cutts and Nathaniel 
Scammon, both of Pepperellboro', in said county of York, 
esquires, Seth Storer, of said Pepperellboro', merchant, and 
James Coffin, of said Pepperellboro', yeoman, Caleb Emery, 
of Sanford, in said county of York, esquire, William Emery, 


of said Sanford, and Nathaniel Merrill, of Fryeburg, in said 
county of York, yeomen, a township, being a tract of land 
lying in the county of York aforesaid, now called ' Porter- 
field,' [so-called for the above-named Dr. Porter] as the same 
was surveyed by Samuel Titcomb in the month of Novem- 
ber, A.D. 1789, containing about eighteen thousand and six 
hundred acres, including ponds, etc., lying between the riv- 
ers Saco and Great Ossipee, in the county of York, bounded 
as follows, viz. : beginning at a pitch pine tree, standing on the 
line of New Hampshire and on the north side of said Ossipee 
river, thence running on said line north eight degrees east, nine 
miles one hundred and twenty rods to a beech tree standing at 
the west corner of Brownfield, thence bounded by said Brown- 
field, north seventy-eight degrees east, five hundred and fifty- 
two rods to a pitch oine tree, thence south twenty-eight degrees 
east, seven hundred and sixty rods to a hemlock tree standing 
near the south-west side of a small stream called Shepard's 
river, being the northei-ly corner of Timothy Cutler's land, 
thence bounded by said Cutler's land, south sixty-two degrees 
west, nine hundred and fifty rods, thence south twenty-eight 
degrees east, two miles, thence north sixty-two degrees east, 
nine hundred and fifty rods to said Brownfield line, thence 
running on said Brownfield line south twenty-eight degrees 
east, seventy rods to a pitch pine tree, thence south eighteen 
degrees west, nine hundred and eighty rods to a poplar tree, 
thence south seven degrees east, seven hundred rods to a maple 
tree standing by the north side of said Ossipee river, thence 
running up and by said Ossipee river until it intersects first- 
mentioned bounds, excepting and I'eserving four lots of three 
hundred and twenty acres each for public uses, viz. : one for 
the first settled minister, one for the use of the ministry, one 
for the use of schools, and one for the future appropriation of 
the General Court, the said lots to average in goodness and 
situation with the other lands in the said towaiship, and also 



excepting and reserving for the disposition of government 
one hundred acres of said land for each of the following set- 
tlers who settled thereon before the first day of January a.d. 
1784, laid out or to be laid out, so as best to include such 
settlers' improvements and be least injurious to the adjoining 
lands, viz. : John Libby, Meshach Libby, Stephen Libby, 
and James Rankins. [The deed to these four settlers and 
this to the proprietors were signed by the same committee. 
The settlers' deed was dated June 16, 1792, and is now in 
the possession of M. S. Moulton.] To have and to hold 
the afore-granted premises to the said Jeremiah and his asso- 
ciates as tenants in common, in the following proportions, 
viz, : to the said Jeremiah Hill two fifteenth parts, to the 
said Aaron Porter six fifteenth parts, to the said Thomas 
Cutts one fifteenth part, to the said Nathaniel Scammon one 
fifteenth part, to the said Seth Storer one fifteenth part, to 
the said James Cofiin one fifteenth part, to the said Caleb 
Emery one fifteenth part, to the said William Emery one 
fifteenth part, to the said Nathaniel Merrill one fifteenth part. 
To them and their several heirs and assigns respectively, in 
the proportions aforesaid. And we the said Committee, in 
behalf of the Commonwealth aforesaid, do covenant and agree 
with the said Jeremiah Hill and his said associates, that the 
said Commonwealth shall warrant and defend the afore- 
granted premises, saving the exceptions and reservations 
aforesaid, to them, their heirs and assigns forever, in the 
proportions aforesaid, against the lawful claims and demands 
of all persons. 

In testimony whereof the said committee have hereunto 
set their hands and seals this twenty-fourth day of Septem- 
ber, in the year one thousand seven hundred and ninety- 
three. Nath'l Wells, [l.s.] 

Signed, sealed, and delivered, T wn Ta-rvtsj Ft ci T 

ill presence of us, ^^^^- ^^ARVIS, [L.b.J 

Timothy Newell, John Read, [l.s.] 

Thomas Walcut. 2 


Suffolk, ss., Boston, Sept. 25, 1793. 

Personally appeared Natli'l Wells, Leo. Jarvis, and John 
Read, esquires, and acknowledged this instrument to be their 
act and deed. 

Before me, Samuel Cooper, Justice of the Peace. 

A true copy, examined, and compared. Recorded March 
27, 1799, Lib. 64, fol's, 60, 65." 


A full and impartial history of the means by which Massa- 
chusetts acquired title to these lands, would be read with 
much interest by our townsmen, but the limits of this work 
will only allow a brief statement of the most important inci- 
dents connected therewith. I give the facts as stated by his- 
torians of ability to separate the chaff from the wheat, and of 
integrity to state the truth, and nothing but the truth. 

Li 1620, James I, king of England, granted to the Coun- 
cil of Plymouth, a company in the county of Devon, Eng- 
land, all the territory, from ocean to ocean, lying between 
the fortieth and forty-eighth degrees of north latitude, to be 
known by the name of New England in America. This 
grant included, of course, the whole territory within the lim- 
its of Maine. In 1622 the Plymouth Company granted/to 
Ferdinando Gorges and Captain John Mason the territory 
lying between the Merrimac and Kennebec rivers. In 1629 
Gorges and Mason divided their possessions, Gorges taking 
all east of the Piscataqua, and Mason, all west. In 1635 the 
Plymouth Company divided their grant among the propri- 
etors, and that portion lying between the Piscataqua and 
Kennebec i-ivers was awarded to Gorges, who, amid his em- 
barrassments occasioned by restless Frenchmen and encroach- 
ing Puritans, sought from king Charles I, and received in 
1639, a new charter confirming his former claims to the ter- 
ritory between the Piscataqua and Kennebec rivers, and 


extending one hundred and twenty miles inland. This terri- 
tory was then for the first time called " The Province of 
Maine." Prior to this time, Gorges called his grant New 

As early as 1658 Massachusetts assumed jurisdiction over 
a portion of this territory, and, at length, over the whole 
State. She did not merely assume jurisdiction, but was pre- 
pared to use a more effective weapon than the pen. In 1663 
she sent her mandate to the people of Maine, requiring them 
to give obedience to her laws. Soon after, she ordered here 
a military force of cavalry and infantry. This force proceeded 
to York, where a court established by Gorges was in session, 
drove the judge and his assistants from the court-house, im- 
prisoned the commander of the local militia, and threatened 
the judge and all who favored the Gorges' interest. Minis- 
ters of the gospel were seized and imprisoned for preaching 
doctrines distasteful to the ruling powers of Massachusetts. 
Other kindred acts need not here be stated. 

Some plausible reason was to be found, or rather invented, 
for such high-handed aggressions. The Massachusetts char- 
ter estabhshed its northern boundary "three miles north of 
the Merrimac." These words plainly mean that its northern 
boundary was three miles beyond the river at its mouth. 
This point was well known to the grantors and grantees, but 
the region three miles beyond the head- waters of the Merri- 
mac was a terra incognita — unknown alike to both the king 
and council, and to the grantees. In fact, all, before this 
time, were agreed in the interpretation here stated ; but after 
Maine had been seized, in order to justify the wrong, a new 
interpretation must be devised. They found that the river, 
about thirty miles from its mouth, turns from its general di- 
rection, and making nearly a right angle, stretches to the 
north. So, tracing up the river to find its source among the 
hills and mountains, and following the lessening stream until 



vision keen can no longer discern a tiny ripple or sign of 
moisture, they thread the wilderness three weary miles 
further to the north, and there the goal of their search is at- 
tained. Thence, a course due east is said to have been taken 
until the shore of the Atlantic was reached. The northern 
line of their grant is established, and a territory embracing 
nearly all of new Hampshire, and a large and valuable por- 
tion of Maine is, de facto and de jure^ theirs. So much 
shrewdness can hardly be excelled at the present day by our 
experts in sharp practices. Acquiescence on the part of the 
Maine colonists could hardly have been expected. An appeal 
was at once made to the crown. The king in council decided 
in 1677 that the north line of the Massachusetts colony was 
three miles from the north bank of the Merrimac at its 
mouth, and that the province of Maine, both as to soil and 
government, was the rightful property of the Gorges' heirs. 

Thus baffled, Massachusetts was by no means disposed to 
yield, even to the king. Forthwith, her agent hastened to 
England, found a grandson of Ferdinand© Gorges, paid him 
the vast sum of twelve hundred and fifty pounds for his in- 
terest in his grandfather's American possessions (a sum but 
little more than double that paid to Massachusetts by Hill 
and his associates for the plantation of Porterfield), and so, 
whatever the value of his inheritance, willing or unwilling to 
make sale of it, he received his mess of pottage. The agent 
having returned, possession under the spurious title was duly 
proclaimed. On the accession to the throne of William and 
Mary, who were known to be not unfriendlv to the Massa- 
chusetts' colonists, a royal charter was applied for, and in 
1691 granted. The colonies of Plymouth, Massachusetts, 
Maine, Sagadahoc, and Acadia were, by this charter, consol- 
idated under one title, " The Province of Massachusetts 
Bay." Former charters were utterly ignored, the doctrine 
that might makes right, prevailed, and Maine, not Gorges' 
grant alone, became an appendage to Massachusetts. 



When Massachusetts attempted to subjugate Maine by 
military force, she claimed no title to any part of it from 
Gorges or his heirs. On the contrary, she imprisoned offi- 
cers who had been appointed by Gorges, and threatened all 
who favored his interest. How, then, could the contract 
with the grandson, made more than twenty years after her 
mihtary raid into Maine, in the least degree justify the 
wrongs inflicted by her upon our people ? It seems, at this 
late day, that the advantages to be derived from the charter 
of William and Mary, leather than justification, solely governed 
her action. If the charter was granted in consequence of 
the purchase from Gorges' grandson, the twelve hundred 
and fifty pounds swelled to millions of dollars. Be this as it 
may, the gain to Massachusetts from the charter, and the 
consequent loss to Maine, was several millions of dollars. 

The following is an extract from the speech of Mr. Blaine, 
made in the U. S. Senate, session of 1877-78 : 

" Mr. Dawes calls Maine the daughter of Massachusetts. 
Let us for a moment examine her authority to claim such a 
parentage. She had early and gradually extended her moth- 
erly jurisdiction over the northern part of Maine, against the 
wishes and protest of the inhabitants, especially those east of 
Saco, who were Episcopalians. It is immaterial whether they 
' came seeking commercial advantage or to worship God,' so 
long as we know they did worship him on every returning 
Sabbath day in the beautiful liturgy of the English church, 
read in the chapel at Richmond's Island, in 1635, first by Rev. 
Richard Gibson, a graduate of Cambridge, England, and after 
him, by Rev. Robert Jordan, whose baptismal font of bell-metal 
has been preserved by his descendants to the present time. 
There the boats flocked from all the region round, ' like 
doves to their windows.' These good men were forbidden 
by Massachusetts to exercise their ministerial functions, and 
were imprisoned for so doing. The jurisdiction of Massa- 


chusetts was annulled by the king in 1676. Then she sent 
her agent, John Usher, to England, to negotiate with the 
grandson of Sir Ferdinando Gorges, who was dead, for the 
purchase of his right to the soil, which was accomplished, in 
1677, for twelve hundred and fifty pounds. Yet the English 
government denied the right of the purchaser to govern the 
district, and not until 1691 did the Massachusetts Colony 
finally throttle the Episcopalians of the territory of what is 
now Cumbei'land county, which was settled at the same time 
as Boston. Then she swallowed Maine and Nova Scotia at 
one gulp, and her governor fitted out an expedition to take 
Quebec for an outpost, but the elements were against him. 
Our District of Maine remained unassimilated in the capa- 
cious maw, a century and a quarter, yet I think the so-called 
mother is entitled to some credit for her saying to us, go in 
peace, which was her only motherly act. Can the old Bay 
State claim parentage with propriety when we are as old as 
herself, and came under her guardianship by our own weak- 
ness and the cupidity of the heir of the good Sir Ferdinando 
Gorges ? " 


The first discovery of the coast of Maine, says the Hon. 
William Willis, was made by the Northmen as early as the 
year 990. In 1498, 1524, 1526, 1527, and 1556, the coast 
was visited or seen by various adventurers from Europe. 
The first attempt at settlement was made as early as 1604 by 
the French, but was abandoned the next year. Other un- 
successful attempts followed. 

The time of the first permanent settlement is not with 
certainty known. The same historian states that Gorges 
and Mason in 1623 planted a colony at the mouth of the Pis- 
cataqua, in the present town of Kittery, which was the first 
occupation of the mainland in Maine. Ex-governor Cham- 



berlain, in his centennial address, considers 1607 and 1608 as 
the time, and the region of the Sagadahoc, as the place, when 
and where the permanent settlement of Maine began. 

In 1030 the Piscataqua settlement, it is said, contained a 
population of 200, Agamenticus (York) 150, Saco 175, and 
all the territory between the Piscataqua and Penobscot, 1500 
white people. The first' court established in Maine was at 
Saco in 1636, and there was a general court at the same 
place in 1640. In 1641 Gorges organized a capital at Aga- 
menticus, naming it Georglanna, the first chartered city in 

Of the distinguished men of our country in the early period 
of its history, Maine furnished, as natives or settlers upon her 
soil, her full quota. Among these were Sir William Phipps, 
the first governor of Massachusetts, born at Woolwich, Maine, 
in 1651 ; James Sullivan, another governor of Massachusetts, 
distinguished as a jurist as well as a statesman, born at Ber- 
wick in 1744 : Gen. John Sullivan, of revolutionary fam'e, 
and member of the first Continental Congress ; Gen. Henry 
Knox, a favorite of Washington, and his first Secretary of 
War ; Gen. Henry Dearborn, Jefferson's first Secretary of 
War; Rufus King, a statesman and diplomatist; Gen. Jed- 
ediah, and Commodore Edward Preble ; Commodore Tuck- 
er ; Gen. Peleg Wadsworth ; and George Thatcher, the 
judge and statesman. 


The State lies between 42° 57' and 47° 30' north latitude, 
and between 5° 45' and 10° 10' east longitude from Wash- 
ington. Its area is 32,000 square miles, or 20,480,000 acres. 
Its greatest length from the mouth of the Piscataqua to its 
most northern point is 320 miles. Its greatest width from 
the Atlantic to Canada line is 160 miles ; and a straight line 
from the mouth of the Piscataqua to Quoddy Head is 250 


The annual average temperature at Portland for 32 years 
(from 1825 to 1857) was 43° 23'. The highest point at- 
tained was 100° 6'; the lowest, Jan 24, 1857^ 25° below zero. 
At Northfield, Vt,, the mercury fell to 40° below ; at Au- 
gusta, 42° below ; at Dartmouth College, 30° below ; and at 
Bangor 44° below. 

1874, COMPARED. 

According to meteorological records kept at Porter, Me., 
and at Xenia, Clay Co., Ill, the average height of the mer- 
cury at sunrise, as indicated by the thermometer, was 

At Porter. At Xenia. At Porter. At Xenia. 

For January. . .19° 42' and 32° 27' For July 57° 44' and 70° 58' 

" February.. 14° 47' " 30° 6' " August. . ..51° 56' " 68° 19' 

«' March 22° 8' " 3.5° 13' " Septem'r. .50° 29' " 59° 6' 

" April 26° 18' " 38° 36' " October. . .36° 1 7' " 46° 58' 

" May 41° .54' " 56° 31' " November. 2-5° 40' " 38° 20' 

" June 53° 5C' " 66° 56' " December. 13° 21' " 31° 48' 

The average for the year at Porter was 34° 30', at Xenia 
47° 56'. 


THE YEAR 1870. 

Counties. When Incorporated. Valuation. Population. 

Androscoggin 1854 $17,592,-555 35,866 

Aroostook 18-39 4,992.285 29,609 

Cumberland 1760 48,942,323 82,021 

Franklin 1838 5,791,659'. 18,807 

Hancock 1789 7,5.54,073 -36,495 

Kennebec 1799 21,004,034 53,203 

Knox 1860 10,507,542 30,823 

Lincoln 1760 6,857,610 25,-597 

Oxford 1805 9,894,166 33,488 

Penobscot 1816 22,697,948 75,150 

Piscataquis 1838 4,857,280 14,403 

Sagadahoc 18-54 11,041,340 18,803 

Somerset 1809 10,990,609 34,611 

Waldo 1827 10,090,581 34,522 

Washington 1789 9,.566,0.38 43,-343 

York * 22,442,875 60,174 

Total $224,822,918 626,915 

*The first court within the limits of Maine was established by Gorges 
at Saco in 1636. He also established a General Court there in 1640. A 
Court of Common Pleas in 1659, and a Supreme Court in 1699 were 
granted by Massachusetts to the county. 



Valuation of the United States in 1870, 130,068,518,507. 

As this total of .$224,822,918 does not include property 
exempt hy law from taxation, and as the assessors of no town 
knowingly render to the State for taxation a valuation ex- 
cessively high, the aggregate wealth of the State was many 
millions more than these figures indicate. 


1790 1800 1810 1820 1830 

Maine 95,540... 151,719... 228,705... 298.835... 399,455 

United States. .3,929,827. . .5,305,937. . .7,239,814. . .9,6.38,191. . .12,866,020 

1840 1850 1860 1870 

Maine 501,793.. 583,169.. 628,279.. 626,915 

United States 17,069,453. .23,191,876. .31,367,080. .38,925,598 

According to Behm and Wagner's statistics, the total pop- 
ulation of the earth is 1,439,145,300, Europe 312,398,500, 
Asia 831,000,000, Africa 205, 219,500, Australasia and Poly- 
nesia 4,411,300, and America 86,116,000. 

The plantation of Porterfield, as bought by Hill and his 
associates, is sufficiently described in the committee's deed to 
them ; but the plantation as incorporated in 1802 included, 
in addition, Cutler's grant of 3,800 acres. After the convey- 
ance to Hill and his associate proprietors, John Wingate was 
appointed by them surveyor of the tract ; and when his sur- 
veys and ])lan of the same had been completed (each lot be- 
ing marked on the plan with the name of its owner), they 
formally agreed that this plan "■ should govern them in all 
respects, and should be used in evidence in all cases respect- 
ing any part of the premises." Three well executed copies 
of this plan are owned in town, one by the town. 

In that part of Porterfield embraced within the limits of 
Porter as incorporated, the first settlement was made by 
Meshach Libby, from Pittsfield, N. H., in 1781. In a short 
time he was followed by his father, John Libby, and his 
brother Stephen, also from Pittsfield. Michael Floyd came 



next. These were the only settlers until 1787, when Ben- 
jamin Bickford, Benjamin Bickford, jr., and Samuel Bick- 
ford, from Rochester, N. H., and Benjamin Ellenwood, from 
Groton, Mass., were added to their number. Mr. Ellenwood 
resided here about ten years, and then left with his family. 
In about 1791 David Allord, Job Allord, Joseph Clark, and 
Moses Drown, from Rochester, became settlers. May 22, 

1792, David Moulton, from Hampton, N. H., purchased a 
farm in the plantation, but did not move in until April 27, 

1793. The settlement of Benjamin Bickford, jr., David and 
Job Allord, Clark, and Drown, continued but a few years. 

By the terms of the deed to Hill and others, four lots were 
reserved to those settling thereon before the first day of Jan- 
uary, 1784 ; to Meshach Libby the lot sold by him to David 
Moulton, and now owned by Moses S. Moulton ; to John 
Libby a lot now owned by William T. Taylor, who, with his 
son Simeon, lived on it until the death of the father about 
1804 ; to Stephen Libby the lot, the northern part of which 
is now owned by Meshach Mason and sons and by George 
W. Ridlon ; and to James Rankins the lot for many years 
(fi'om 1793 to 1817) owned and occupied by Daniel Knowles, 
and by the late Daniel Towle from 1817 to 1872. 

The committee's deed is all the evidence we have that 
Rankins ever had a settlement in the plantation. Stephen 
Libby and Francis Mathews state in their affidavits, recorded 
among the town records, book 3, page 110, that Michael 
Floyd first settled upon this lot, and that it was granted to 
him as a settler prior to Jan. 1, 1784 ; and in the deed to 
Daniel Knowles this lot is described as " the one first inhab- 
ited by Michael Floyd and sold by him to James Rankins." 
If Rankins had been an actual settler here, the fact would 
have been well known, not only to Libby and Mathews, but 
to all the early settlers ; but he was never, to my knowledge, 
spoken of by them as one of their number, neither is his name 



found on the plantation records. Hence I conclude that Ran- 
kins' settlement was a mere paper one, and that Michael 
Floyd was the fourth settler. After a few years] residence 
here, Floyd went to Parsonsfield, where he died. His widow 
died in Porter. 

Meshach Libby, May 22, 1792, sold his lot to David Moul- 
ton, " for sixty pounds, lawful money," and bought that of 
liis brother Stephen. Meshach remained on the lot purchased 
of Stephen until his death. Stephen, after the sale of his 
farm to his brother, bought a tract of land adjoining, and east 
of, David Moulton's, embracing the present homesteads of 
Truworthy C Libby, Hanson Libby, Henry M. Libby, John 
Weeks, a lot of about forty acres owned by Samuel Ridlon, 
jr., a part of John C. Mason's farm, and about thirty acres of 
the farm of Moses S. Moulton, and made his home thereon 
many years. 

Families of several settlers who established 
their residence before 1800. 

Meshach Libby, who was born about 1750, and died in 
March, 1829, married, first, Deborah Ely, and second, Hannah 
Cram. The children of Meshach and Deborah were, Sarah, 
who was born in 1771, and married in June, 1793, Gideon 
Mason ; Mary, who married William Hill ; Meshach, jr. ; 
Elsy, who married Edward Hill ; Elizabeth, who died in 
childhood ; and Eunice, who married Jacob Hurd. Elizabeth 
and Eunice only were born after Mr. Libby's settlement 
here. Elizabeth was the first child of European descent born 
within the limits of Porter, and was buried upon the border 
of her father's garden, a few rods westerly of the workshop 
of Moses S. Moulton. Widow Lamson, the mother of Ben- 
jamin Ellenwood's wife, is said to have been the first white 
person dying in town. Her burial place is on the farm of 
Simeon Day. Elizabeth Libby was born between 1781 and 




1786. None of the children are supposed to be now living. 
Their father was buried in the family bur^'ing-ground, north- 
westerly from the house of Meshach Mason and sons, and 
south from the house of George W. Ridlon. Peregrine 
White, son of Mrs. Susanna White, who came over in the 
Mayflower, was born the last of November, 1620. He was 
said to be the first child of European extraction born in New 

John Libby and wife died, it is said, about twenty years 
after their settlement in the plantation, and were buried a 
few rods westerly from their house. There is no record evi- 
dence of the time of their birth or death. Their children 
were Meshach, Enoch, John, jr., Simeon, Jonathan, Stephen, 

Kezia, who married Sargent, and Mary, who married 

Daniel Knowles. 

Stephen Libby first married Mary Knowles. She was 
born March 1, 1768, and died in October, 1816. Their 
children were : 1, James, b. June 5, 1784, m. Phebe Benson ; 
2, Daniel, b. April 3, 1786, m. Mary Rundlett; 3, Josiah, 
b. March 23, 1788, d. June 8, 1788 ; 4, Mary, b. July 30, 
1789, rn. Josiah Weeks ; 5, Jemima, b. August 22, 1791, m. 
Joshua Weeks, and d. May 12, 1879 ; 6, Stephen, jr., b. May 
21, 1793, m. Dorothy Blake, and d. Dec. 4, 1868 ; 7, Sally, 
b. Jan. 20, 1795, m. Jordan Stacy ; 8, John, b. Feb. 20, 
1797, m. Nancy Libby, and d. Jan. 21, 1878 ; 9, David, b. 
Jan. 16, 1799, m. Betsy Towle ; 10, Aphia, b. Dec. 6, 1800; 
m. Ralph King; 11, OHve, b. July 5, 1802, m. William 
Hodsdon. His second wife was Nancy Mathews, b. Dec. 13, 
1788, m. Jan. 9, 1817, and died Jan. 9, 1818, leaving one 
daughter: 12, Lydia, b. Dec. 23, 1817, m. William Perry. 
His third wife was Sally Mathews, a sister of Nancy, who 
was born May 13, 1793, m. March 17, 1818, and d. Dec. 16, 


1866. Their children were : 13, a son that died in infancy ; 
14, Daniel, b. March 19, 1821, m. Almira Howard; 15, Al- 
bion, b. June 9, 1823, ni. Harriet Bragg; 16, Nancy, b. 
April 28, 1825, m. Ezekiel Jenness ; 17, William T., b. Dec. 
28, 1827, m. Susan Marston ; 18, Thomas, b. Dec. 23, 1827, 
and d. March 28, 1828; 19, Gideon, b. June 19, 1830, m. 
Catharine McMann. The second son, Daniel, was the first 
male child born within the limits of Porter. None of the 
nineteen children are now living, except Olive, William T., 
and Gideon. Their father was born April 26, 1763, died 
Oct. 25, 1855, and was buried in the family burial ground of 
the late Jacob French. His first and second wives were 
buried in the lot owned by M. S. Moulton. 

David Moulton was b. in Hampton, N. H., June 18, 
1760, m. Feb. 16, 1794, Dorothy Moulton, of Portsmouth, 
N. H., and d. Oct. 18, 1838. His wife was b. June 22, 1770, 
and d. Jan. 19, 1853. Their children were : 1, John, b. Dec. 
7, 1794, m. Jane Coffin, and d. March 4, 1876 ; 2, Joseph, 
b. July 23, 1797, m. Abigail G. Beal ; 3, Sarah, b. Dec. 18, 
1799 ; 4, David, jr., b. Aug. 23, 1802, m. Phebe Wentworth, 
and d. June 13, 1867 ; 5, Mary, b. Jan. 28, 1805, m. Moses 
Swett, and d. Dec. 16, 1836 ; 6, Thomas, b. Aug. 15, 1810. 

Daniel Knowles was one of our oldest settlers, his birth 
having probably been as early as 1740. He had three wives. 
The name of the first is unknown ; that of the second was 
Mrs. Pottle, and that of the third, Mary Libby. The second 
wife lived about one year after her marriage. Children by 
first wife were : 1, Mary, b. Mar. 1, 1768, m. Stephen Libby ; 
2, Hannah, m. Simeon Libby ; 3, Jemima, m. Elijah Fox ; 

4, Isaac ; 5, Sally, m. Watson ; 6, Experience, m. 

Josiah Kezar ; 7, Rachel, m. Jonathan Hodsdon. Children 
by third wife : 8, Comfort ; 9, Olive ; 10, Tryphene. 


Simeon Libby m. Hannah Knowles. Their cliildren 
were : 1, John : 2, Samuel ; 3, Hannah, m. Levi Libby ; 4, 
Isaac ; 5, Josiah ; 6, Simeon, jr. ; 7, Job ; 8, Daniel ; 9, Abram, 
b. April 11, 1805 ; 10, Lemuel Rich ; 11, Mary, b. 1810, m. 
Aaron Houghtaling ; 12, Julia Ann ; 13, Jesse W. D. 

Gideon Mason was born in Pittsfield, N. H., June 22, 
1772, and m. in June, 1793, Sai'ah Libby, daughter of Me- 
shach, who was born in 1771. Their children were : 1, Isaac, 
b. in Porter, Sept. 4, 1794, and d. Jan. 15, 1867 ; 2, Me- 
shach, b. April 6, 1797 ; 3, Betsey, b. March 25, 1799, and 
d. unm. May 5, 1835 ; 4, Jonathan, b. Feb. 22, 1802, d. in 
Lovell ; 5, Simon, b. June 13, 1806 ; 6, Susan, b. Dec. 13, 
1808, m. Abraham Chapman. 

John Masois, brother of Gideon, was born Aug. 21, 1774, 
m. Aug. 7, 1793, Tryphene, daughter of David Allord, d. 
Oct. 12, 1867. She was born Aug. 25, 1775, d. May 1, 1852. 
Their children were : 1, Jacob, b. Jan. 1, 1794, d. Oct. 26, 
1813 ; 2, Sally, b. July 8, 1795, in Porter, m. David Col- 
cord, and d. Feb. 7, 1877 ; 3, Abraham, b. Oct. 25, 1797 ; 
4, John, jr., b. Dec. 19, 1799, and d. March 20, 1879; 5, 
Henry, b. Feb. 12, 1802 ; 6, Lydia, b. Oct. 30, 1804, m. 
Rufus Brooks ; 7, Mary, b. Oct. 8, 1806, m. Ralph McCartee, 
and d. Feb. 10, 1851 ; 8, Thomas, b. Jan. 30, 1809, and d. 
Nov. 16, 1865; 9, Tryphene, b. April 23, 1812, m. E. C. 
Pillsbury; 10, Joseph, b. July 3, 1814; 11, Abigail, b. 
April 14, 1816, m. John Lord. 

Henry Floyd m. Betsey Bickford, and d. Sept. 20, 1827. 
His wife was born in Rochester, N. H., Feb. 27, 1775. 
Their children were : 1, Michael, b. in Porter, Oct. 4, 1794 ; 
2, Sally, b. Jan. 2, 1796, m. Andrew Varney ; 3, Lovina, b. 
Feb. 17, 1798; 4, William, b. Dec. 13, 1803; 5, Henry, jr., 


b. July 13, 1805 ; 6, Lovell, b. Aug. 31, 1807 ; 7, Betsey, 
b. May 2, 1809 ; 8, Jacob, b. Nov. 2, 1812 ; 9, Ira, b. Oct. 
12, 1815. 

William French was born Sept. 15, 1776, m. March 11, 
1797, by Elder Benjamin Randall, the founder of the F. W. 
Baptists, to Kezia, daughter of Isaac Libby. His wife was 
born March 28, 1776. Their children were : 1, James, b. 
Sept. 24, 1798 ; 2, William, jr., b. Dec. 3, 1801 ; 3, Isaac, 
b. April 26, 1803, and d. June 17, 1827 ; 4, Ruth, b. Dec. 
10, 1806, and m. Joseph G. Towle ; 5, John Moulton, b. May 
21, 1»13, d. March 11, 1818. 

John French, b. Sept. 26, 1775, m. Sally Trefren, and 
d. Aug. 21, 1836. His wife was b. Sept. 14, 1774, and d. 
March 12, 1856. Their children were : 1, Benjamin, b. in 
Farmington, N. H., Feb. 7, 1796 ; 2, Ja(;ob, b. in Porter, 
March 1, 1798, and d. Feb. 16, 1878 ; 3, Sally, b. March 23, 
1800, m. Nehemiah F. Towle; 4, Aaron, b. April 7, 1802 ; 
5, Mary, b. August 5, 1804, d. unm. Feb. 21, 1838 ; 6, John, 
jr., b. Dec. 6, 1806 ; 7, Kezia, b. May 25, 1809, m. Alexan- 
der Berry ; 8, Lucy, b. August 13, 1811, m. Jesse Bickford, 
and d. Jan. 7, 1878. 

Charles Nutter, b. in Portsmouth, N. H., Dec. 27, 1783, 
m. Mrs. Olive Durgin, daughter of Ebenozer Taylor, and d. 
May 1, 1845. His wife was b. Jan. 9, 1778, and d. Aug. 24, 
1846. Their children were : 1, Almira, b. Feb. 15, 1808, 
m. James Perry; 2, Charles, jr., b. Aug. 28, 1810, d. Sept. 
14, 1874 ; 3, Cordelia, b. Oct. 28, 1812, m. Richard Cosins ; 
4, Eben. T., b. March 12, 1815 ; 5, Sarah Ann, b. Jan. 20, 
1818, m. Alvan Pride ; 6, Henry, b. Jan. 17, 1821. 

Joseph Pearl m. Catharine Clark, and d. in 1813. 


Botli were of Rochester, N. H. Mrs. Pearl d. May 4, 1837. 
Their children were : 1, Polly, who m. William Moulton ; 2, 
Simeon ; 3, Betsey, m. Ichabod Biekford ; 4, Benjamin, d. 
June 1, 1830; 5, Sally, m. Jonathan Quint; 6, Diamond; 
7, Anna, m. James Stanley; 8, John; 9, Joseph, jr. ; 10, 
James, b. Feb. 26, 1804. 


Joseph Towle, b. Feb. 18, 1747, ra. Oct. 2, 1769, Eliz- 
abeth Coffin, and d. April 1, 1820. His wife was b. March 

7, 1753, and d. Feb. 17, 1829. Their children were : 1, 
Amos, b. Oct. 1, 1770 ; 2, Joseph, jr., b. Sept. 3, 1772, and 
d. Dec. 27, 1848 ; 3, William, b. July 18, 1774, d. April 25, 
1841 ; 4, Ezra, b. Feb. 14, 1776, d. June 4, 1802 ; 5, Nan- 
cy, b. April 24, 1778, m. Eben. Blazo, d. Dec, 1801 ; 6, 
Daniel, b. Jan. 24, 1780, d. March 25, 1875 ; 7, Ehzabeth, 
b. Aug. 27, 1783, m. James Garland ; 8, Sarah, b. March 
26, 1785, m. Samuel Taylor, d. April 10, 1866 ; 9, David, 
b. Dec. 27, 1787, d. Aug. 7, 1860 ; 10, Simon, b. May 16, 
1794, d. Oct. 4, 1814. 

Jesse Colcord, b. in Newmarket, N, H., Feb. 9, 1769 
m. first, Elizabeth Nason, and d. April 3, 1835. Child : John 
N., b. in Sanford, April 18, 1793, and d. May 25, 1852. Mr. 
Colcord m. April 6, 1794, second, Betsey Emery, who was b. 
Oct. 21, 1771, and d. Dec. 6, 1829. Children : Elizabeth, 
b. Nov. 30, 1794, d. April 19, 1795 ; David, b. April 28, 
1796, d. June 9, 1867 ; Mary H., b. April 27, 1798, m. John 
Pearl, d. August 28, 1876 ; Betsey, b. July 13, 1800, d. Dec. 

8, 1800 ; Rhoda, b. Mar. 16, 1802, d. April 27, 1802 ; Jesse, 
jr., b. April 8, 1803, d. Nov. 25, 1825 ; Phineas, b. Feb. 8, 
1806, d. Aug. 21, 1846 ; Susan N., b. in Porter, Dec. 4, 


1808, d. July 18, 1832 ; Isabella, b. June 5, 1811, ra. Ste- 
phen Brooks ; Caleb E., b. Mar. 4, 1814, d. Aug. 20, 1853 ; 
Charlotte S., b. Feb. 18, 1817, m. Peter H. Hatch, and d. m 
Oregon City, June 30, 1846. 

James Coffin, b. in Biddeford, m. Jane McMillan, and d. 
March 11, 1823. His wife was b. in Conway, N. H., and d. 
May 27, 1859. Children : James,jr.,b. in Biddeford, Jan. 24, 
1799, d. July 8, 1833 ; Jane, b. Oct. 31, 1800, and m. John 
Moulton ; Hannah, b. Sept. 12, 1802, m. James W. Thomp- 
son ; Martha, b. April 18, 1804, m. William Rice ; Andrew 
McM., b. Feb. 7, 1806 ; Catharine, b. in Porter, Dec. 21, 
1807, m. Stephen Berry ; Shuah T., b. April 11, 1810, m. 
James Norris ; Edmund, b. July 11, 1812 ; Sophia Ann, b. 
Sept. 25, 1815, ra. Addison Prentiss. 

John Fox, b. in Gilmanton, N. H., May 26, 1760, m. first, 
Deborah Gilman, and d. April 17, 1834. His wife was b. 
Nov. 13, 1760, and d. July 26, 1810. Children : 1, Nathan- 
iel, b. Nov. 30, 1786, d. Feb. 6, 1853 ; 2, Deborah G., b. 
Oct. 4, 1788, m. Thomas Howard ; 3, Sarah, b. May 25, 
1791, m. Isaac Bickford ; 4, Mary G., b. Sept. 2, 1793, m. 
John Libby, and d. Sept. 4, 1865 ; 5, Anna, b. Dec. 7, 1795, 
m. Jonathan Peare, d. July 17, 1865 ; 6, John, jr., b. Dec. 
7, 1795, d. May 6, 1852 ; 7, Lydia, b. March 5, 1798, and 
d. Oct. 21, 1825 ; 8, Charlotte, b. Nov. 29, 1800, m. Ezra 
Bickford ; "9. Ruth P., b. Aug. 9, 1803, ra. Job Libby. Mr. 
Fox ra. second, Susan Mills. Their children were : Andrew 
G., b. Jan. 20, 1813 ; William, Edward, Susan, and Jaraes. 

Tobias Libby, b. in Rochester, April 2, 1783, m. Sept. 

29, 1805, Abigail Randall, and d. June 30, 1858. His wife 

was b. in Lee, N. H., March 8, 1788, and d. Feb. 19, 1868. 

Children : John M., b. Aug. 21, 1806, and d. March 29, 


1865 ; Isaac, b. Sept. 5, 1809 ; Nancy, b. July 24, 1811, m. 
John Stanley, and d. Aug. 13, 1873; Randall, b. Oct. 31, 
1815; Tobias, jr., b. Jan. 27, 1821, and d. Oct. 31, 1868; 
Edwin B., b. July 11, 1825, and d. 1854 ; Abigail, b. June 
17, 1829, m. Joseph T. Rice. 

Joseph Stanley, from Shapleigh, m. first, Betsey Parsons ; 
second, Eunice Stone ; third, Sally Palmer ; fourth, Mary 
Nason. Mr. S. d. Sept. 18, 1843. Children by first wife : 
Charles, Samuel,and Olive, who m. Samuel Hooper. Chil- 
dren by second wife : Betsey, b. Dec. 28, 1802, m. Caleb 
Thompson ; James, b. March 2, 1804 ; Joseph, jr., b. Dec. 
21, 1806 ; John, b. May 13, 1808 ; Eunice, b. April 4, 1810, 
m. William Ridlon, d. May 7, 1854. Children by fourth 
wife : Mary, b. July 24, 1824, m. Charles Hadley ; Benja- 
min, b. Sept. 11, 1827. 

John Stacy, b. at Berwick, Feb. 20, 1764, m. Ruth 
Gould, and d. May 18, 1837. Children : Ohver, b. Sept. 30, 
1792; Salome, b. Sept., 1793, m. Jonathan Fox; Jordan, b. 
March 5, 1796 ; Hannah, b. 1799, m. John Mason ; George, 
b. Nov. 9, 1804, d. April 3, 1876 ; Ruth. 

Samuel Taylor, b. in Hampton, N. H., March 27, 1781, 
m. Aug. 22, 1803, Sarah Coffin, and d. Aug. 31, 1846. His 
wife was b. in Epsom, N. H., March 26, 1785, and d. April' 
10, 1866. Children : William T., b. April 24, 1810 ; Sam- 
uel, jr., b. March 23, 1812, d. March 9, 1855 ; Simon, b. 
April 16, 1815, d. Feb. 16, 1853 ; Eliza Ann, b. July 22, 
1820, d. Sept. 17, 1842 ; Daniel, b. March 4, 1823 ; Jose- 
phine, b. June 16, 1825, m. John Sutton ; David, b. March 
17, 1829, d. Oct. 23, 1868; Amos, b. March 17, 1829. 

William Towle, b. in Epsom, July 18, 1774, m. Mercy 


Garland, and d. April 25, 1841. Children : Hannah, b. Dec. 
18, 1797, ra. James Coolbroth ; William, jr., b. Oct. 3, 1801 ; 
Joseph G., b. March 22, 1806, d. Dec. 28, 1875 ; Mercy, b. 
May 8, 1809, m. Benjamin Larrabee ; Nancy, b. August 8, 
1812, m. Nathaniel Bedell ; Maria, b. April 7, 1819, m. John 


The following-named persons had a residence in the town, 
as early as 1803, and when there is evidence of an earlier 
settlement, the words " as early as " are to be supplied by the 
reader, before the year annexed. 

Josiah Bridges, who lived at Porter Village, near the 
spring called " The Bridges Spring," Benjamin Bridges, 
probably a brother of Josiah, who lived and died on the farm 
occupied by the late William Floyd (the cultivation of this 
farm was his chief employment, but a portion of his time was 
devoted to turning out, in a rudely constructed lathe, bowls 
and mortars, then an essential part of household furniture), 
Josiah Bridges, jr., James Bridges, Jonathan Blazo, 1802, 
Samuel Brooks, Hezekiah Bickford, who was the second cap- 
tain of the military company first organized in the plantation, 
Jonathan Cook, Abraham Cook, Nathaniel Cook, John and 
William French, from Farmington, N. H., 1796, Jacob 
French, 1802, John Fox, 1801, Edward Fox, Elijah Fox, 
Henry Floyd, 1794, John Hayes, an emigrant from Ireland, 
where he had been employed as a weaver, David Hodsdon, 
Daniel Knowles, 1793, Isaac Knowles, Simeon and Jonathan 
Libby, John Libby, jr., who, it was said, had so retentive a 
memory that, having heard a lengthy sermon, he could repeat 
the whole of it, imitating very accurately both the tones and 
gestures of the speaker (aside from memory he was not en- 
dowed with superior mental powers), Meshach Libby, jr., 


Hanson and Tobias Libby, and Isaac Libby their father, 
Gideon Mason, 1794, John Mason, 1795, Francis Mathews, 
1802, Charles Nutter, 1797, Joseph Pottle, 1793, who was 
the first captain of the plantation company, David Pottle, 
1793, Joseph Pearl, 1793, Thomas Randall, the father of 
the poet, Samuel Richards, Samuel Richards, 2d, and John 

The following-named persons settled later, but before the 
incorporation of the town : Job Bailey in 1806, James Coffin 
in 1806, who was the first justice of the peace in the town, 
Samuel Hodsdon, 1805, William Stanley, 1805, Joseph and 
Elisha Stanley, 1806, John Stacy, April 8, 1804, Eben»Ker 
Taylor, 1806, Henry Tibbetts, 1805, and Richard Young, 

Jonatlian Blazo, Elijah Fox, John Hayes, Jonathan Libby, 
Meshach Libby, jr., Joseph Pottle, Thomas Randall, Samuel 
Richards, 2d, Job Bailey, William Stanley, and Richard 
Young, were not permanent settlers. Daniel and Isaac 
Knowles and Simeon Libby removed to the State of New 
York in 1817. 


The plantation meetings were held at the dwelling houses 
of Wm. Broad, Daniel Brooks, John Wentworth, Abraham 
Cook and Josiah Bridges, jr. The first meeting was held 
July 12, 1802, at the house of Wm. Broad. At this meet- 
ing, Nathaniel Merrill, an original proprietor, was chosen 
moderator, and it was voted " to raise twelve pounds for the 
plantation's use, to give the collector, John Merrill, two 
shillings per pound for collecting, to raise $200.00 in labor 
for repairing roads, and not to have any gates or bars across 
the county road after this season, and to keep gates or bars 
across the other roads till next March meeting." 


At a meeting held Aug. 23, 1802, a road previously laid 
out " from the north side of Libby's Settler's lot " (the lot orig- 
inally granted to Stephen, but then owned by Meshach Lib- 
by) " to the county road in Pottle's mill yard " (at Porter 
village), was accepted. This was the first highway built by 
taxation, in the plantation, the county road having been built 
by the proprietors, in accordance with a contract referred to 
in their deed. At the same meeting, the road laid out from 
Porter village, through the western part of the town, to Free- 
dom line, was accepted ; also " a road from Jonathan Blazo's " 
(where Geo. E. Stacy now lives), "to the county road " ; and at 
a meeting held Sept. 7 of the same year, a continuation of 
the first-named road over the hill, to the house of Stephen 
Libby (now T. C. Libby) was accepted. At a meeting 
April 4, 1803, it was voted "that the assessors shall have 75 
cents per day for their services, and the treasurer one dollar 
for his services the past year, that good gates may be kept 
across the roads, except the county road, and that the annu- 
al plantation meetings shall be held on the first Monday of 
April." At a meeting held June 13, 1803, the plantation 
was divided into five school districts, three of which were 
within the present limits of Porter, and two within the lim- 
its of Brownfield. 

The following is the list of names as recorded in the three 
districts : 


Thomas Randall, David Moulton, Isaac Knowles, 

Samuel Richards, Simeon Libby, Samuel Brooks, 

Sam'l Richards, 2d, Stephen Libby, Henry Floyd, 

Joseph Pottle, Edward Fox, Hezekiah Bickford, 

John French, Meshach Libby, jr.,Joseph Pearl, 

Wm. French, John Mason, John Hayes, 

Hanson Libby, Jonathan Libby, Jonathan Cook, 


Tobias Libby, Elijah Fox, Nathaniel Cook, 

Daniel Knowles, John Fox, James Bridges, 

Francis Mathews, Gideon Mason. Josiah Bridges, jr., 
Meshach Libby, David Hodsdon, 

Jacob French. Abraham Cook, 

John Thompson. 

At this time there were no settlers in the eastern part of 
the plantation, south of the present limits of Brownfield. 
If we suppose a line drawn from the Ossipee river due north, 
to the south line of Brownfield, and about one mile east of 
our Town House, all the permanent settlers then resided west 
of it. The first school district embraced the families in' the 
southern part, the second, those in the middle, and the third, 
the families in the northern part. At the previous annual 
meeting, April 4th, it was voted to raise $200.00 for the 
support of schools. Thus early did our ancestors appreciate 
the value of our public schools. At the presidential election 
held at the dwelling house of John Wentworth (the only 
presidential election held under its plantation organization), 
Nov. 5, 1804, nineteen candidates for electors were voted 
for, viz. : two for electors at large (James Sullivan, then of 
Boston, and Elbridge Gerry of Cambridge) ; thirteen for 
that number of congressional districts in Massachusetts, and 
four for the Maine districts, to wit : Cumberland county form- 
ing one, York county, one, Kennebec, Hancock and Wash- 
ington, one, and Lincoln, one. From the first Maine dis- 
trict (Cumberland county), Charles Turner of Turner was 
the candidate ; from the second district, John Woodman of 
Buxton ; from the third, Thomas Fillebrown of Hallowell ; 
and from the fourth, John Farley of Newcastle. Each can- 
didate received thirty-seven votes, except Farley, who had 
thirty-six. These nineteen candidates having been chosen, 
voted for Jefferson for President and George Clinton for 


vice-Presiclent. In the record of a meeting, April 1, 1805, 
this contract is stated : " The collector, William Boynton, 
agreed to collect the taxes for 10^ cents upon every three 
dollars and 33 cents, i.e., for 19i cents per pound. New 
England currency. The change from pounds, shillings and 
pence, to dollars, cents and mills, was to many an undesira- 
ble innovation. The proposed Metric System of weights 
and measures is destined to meet a more formidable opposi- 
tion. At a meeting, Aug. 5, 1805, it was voted " to have 
the plantation of Porterfield incorporated " [as a town], " and 
to have it called Denmark." The town of Denmark was 
not incorporated until 1807. 

At the last annual plantation meeting, held April 7, 1806, 
James Sullivan had forty-two votes for governor, and Caleb 
Strong, one. On the same day it was " voted to allow Han- 
son Libby $1.50 for his services as treasurer the past year, 
and Samuel Wentworth 82 cents for his services as planta- 
tion clerk." 


In one respect, the period of our town's settlement was 
fortunate. The question of supremacy as between England 
and France had been settled by Gen. Wolfe, on the plains 
of Abraham, in 1759. The Indians under Paugus, in 1725, 
had been driven by Capt. Lovell and his valiant band, from 
their hunting grounds on the Saco and Ossipee, and the 
power of the more distant tribes, that had devastated so many 
New England settlements, was utterly broken. But if mar- 
tial prowess was not then needed, other manly virtues were, 
and in these our early settlers were not wanting. It is true, 
they were generally poor, but they were hardy, energetic, 
self-reliant and honest. On their arrival, the first labor for 


them was a combat with the giants of the forest. Many of 
them were experts in such a contest. 

"Deep echoing groaned the thickets brown, 
Then rustling, crackling, crashing, thundered down." 

His acre per day was not then, as now, a feat for the axe- 
man to boast of. A clearing made, shelter for himself and 
family must next engage his energies. Although the for- 
ests afforded abundant timber, no friendly sawmill was at 
hand to cut it into boards. These had to be transported on 
a drag made for the purpose, from a distant town, over a 
road, of which the construction and repairs consisted mostly 
in spotting the trees for the guidance of the teamster. At 
length industry and perseverance conquer. A dwelling 
deemed comfortable, if not elegant, is ready for the family. 
The walls of the house, first occupied by my father, were 
made of nicely hewn pine timber, locked together at the 
corners. The house was of sufficient size for three rooms be- 
low. Above stairs were the dormitories for the bairns and 
occasional lodgers, but " the spare-bed " occupied a more de- 
sirable situation below. The fire-place and lower part of 
the chimney were built of carefully selected stone, and the 
continuation sky-ward was constructed of sticks and clay 
mortar. This house was occupied as a dwelling until 1809, 
and afterward as a workshop, until about 1830, when it was 
torn down. At first a rude hovel was all that could be af- 
forded for the shelter of gentle " Brindle " and her associates. 
■ Clearing up the forest and building rude dwellings were 
not all that was required of the pioneer. His increasing 
family must be fed, clothed and educated to the extent of his 
means, and all was to be done, not by the use of ready capi- 
tal, but by his own untiring industry. The soil is hard and 
rugged, his implements of husbandry are rude, his flocks 
are assailed and diminished by the prowling wolf and bear, 



and his harvested grain must be sent to a distant town (Saco), 
to prepare it for the skillful hands of the ever-busy house- 
wife. If he is so fortunate as to have a surplus of farm 
products, they are to be transported to a distant market, 
over an almost impassable road intercepted by streams un- 
bridged, over rocky hills, and through muddy swamps, and 
when the tedious journey is accomplished, he finds but a 
pittance remaining for the wants of his family. His chil- 
dren for years have no teacher but the parent, and when at 
length a change for the better comes, one school, supported 
by contribution, suffices for an extended settlement. By 
and by, " in revolving years," the first step in the true path 
is taken, and the full sum of two hundred dollars is raised 
by taxation for the support of the district school. 

Among the recreations of that early period, hunting was a 
favorite pastime. The black bear and deer were quite plen- 
ty, but the noble moose and the cowardly wolf were only 
occasional visitors. Owing to his fondness for the settlers' 
flocks, the bear was selected by all the best hunters as a fit 
subject for their finest skill. Meshach Libby, being on a 
tour of observation, came in sight of one honestly taking his 
dinner in the boughs of an oak, while an agile deer was 
quietly helping herself to the fallen acorns that chanced to 
escape the jaws of her clumsy companion above. Mr. Libby 
looked kindly on the game under the tree, but to the de- 
stroyer of his gentle flocks no mercy was due. Down tum- 
lebs bruin, not in the embraces of death, as Mr. Libby had 
fondly hoped and expected, but little hurt and undaunted by 
the noise of gunpowder or the presence of man, and ready 
for the tug of war, — war ao;o;ressive to the fullest extent of 
his powers. Mr. Libby at once sought a large tKee near by, 
hoping that its branches might afford some means of escape, 
but with bruin in such hot pursuit climbing was out of the 
question. After many turns about the tree, and having the 



advantage of " the inside track," Mr. Libby had a little time 
to take breath and, perhaps, to reflect upon the situation. 
However this may have been, he did recollect that his gun, 
like Chamberlain's in the fight with Paugus, was self-prim- 
ing. Acting on this suggestion, but at the same time brisk- 
ly keeping up his flight around the tree, he pours the powder 
from the ready horn, drops the ball in its place, strikes the 
breecli with his hand, turns suddenly, and his pursuer is 
stretched on the race course in the agonies of death. 

As an incident of the times, it may not be out of place, in 
this connection, to mention another encounter of like kind. 
A hunter from Parsonsfield, by the name of Kezar, occa- 
sionally visited the old hunting grounds of the Pequawkets, 
in pursuit of his favorite game, the surly monarch of these 
forests. Ordinarily, the black bear is a cowardly brute, and 
rarely exhibits any traits of bravery, but let the family cir- 
cle be suddenly invaded, the latent ferocity of the mother is 
at once aroused to the highest pitch of frenzy. Kezar, in 
one of his excursions near the base of Rattlesnake mountain, 
unexpectedly found himself confronted by this ferocious an- 
imal, and almost in her ugly embraces, before he was aware 
of her presence. No time was allowed him for retreat or 
preparation. Unfortunately it was lunch time, and his gun 
could not at once be grasped. She, erect as himself and 
with distended jaws, rushed upon him. In a moment a dar- 
ing thought occurred to him and was instantly acted upon. 
His hunting knife was thrust through the open jaws into her 
throat. Human prowess, guided by intelligence, triumphed, 
but Mr. Kezar's lacerated and bleeding arm showed how 
dearly bought was the victory. 

Generally, no personal danger was apprehended by the 
settler from any and all of the hairy denizens of the forest, 
but not so as to the reptile tribe. The rattlesnake had made 
a lodgment here, and the life of every person was in jeop- 



ardy who might incautiously set foot upon, or otherwise mo- 
lest, one. Many of these reptiles were killed in all parts of 
the plantation, but a large number seemed to seek their win- 
ter quarters m the ledges of the hill east of the upper Spec- 
tacle pond and in the ledges of the hill known as Rattlesnake 
mountain. At a certain time in the fall and spring they 
were much more plenty in the vicinity of these hills than 
elsewhere. In the spring of 1820 Oliver Stacy and a 
neighbor killed eleven in about one hour on Rattlesnake 

Although so numerous and their bite generally fatal, no 
one within the limits of the town was ever materially in- 
jured by them. Ivory Merifield, perhaps a half century ago, 
was bitten upon the finger, but he, doubtless, saved his life 
by immediate and long continued suction of the wound. 
About forty years since, a large one crawled into the entry 
of a school-house in the western part of the town. While 
the only door to the school-room was thus guarded, the 
teacher by chance discovered her unwelcome visitor, and 
having helped one of her scholars out of a window, a neigh- 
bor at once came to the rescue. This species of reptiles 
seems now to be extinct in this town, none having been seen, 
to my knowledge, for many years. 


Friday, Jan. 19, 1810, has been justly called " The Cold 
Friday." A citizen of this county wrote in his diary of that 
date : " The Cold Friday. Last evening the weather was 
mild, but in the night the wind arose and blew terribly." 
Houses and barns were unroofed or completely demolished. 
The thermometer at Portland fell to 14° below zero, and in 
the country towns still lower. We who have never been 
exposed to such an atmosphere, driven onward at a velocity 


of fifty or sixty miles an hour, can have no conception of its 
life destroying power. 

A lady, who distinctly recollects that eventful day, in- 
formed me that her father, in repairing some damage done 
to his barn doors, had his ears and face badly frozen, al- 
though he was exposed to the cold but a few minutes at a 
time. To young children, and to the aged and infirm, ex- 
posure for much length of time was fatal. One family, hav- 
ing their house unroofed, attempted to reach a neighbor's 
living at tlie distance of about half a mile. A sleigh was 
obtained by the husband and father, but it was useless, the 
wind preventing its being of any benefit. The strong man 
did all that could be done, but a part only of his dear ones 
survived the death-blasts of that memorable day. 

" May 19, 1780 was a dark day. The darkness began at 
eleven o'clock a.m. and continued until midnight, thirteen 
hours. It was so dark at two o'clock that a person could not 
be known at the distance of two rods. The night Avas pro- 
portionally dark." The above memorandum was made by 
my father, who was about twenty years of age at the time. 
A recent writer says: "Our parents and grand-parents 
told the story of that wonderful day. It never faded from 
the memory of the witnesses. The darkness extended over 
all New England. In some places it was impossible to read 
common print in the open air for several hours together. 
Birds sang their evening song, disappeared, and became si- 
lent; fowls went to roost; cattle returned to the barn-yard, 
and lamps were lighted in the houses." One writer, in de- 
scribing the darkness of the night, says that " a sheet of 
white paper held within a few inches of the eyes was equally 
invisible with the blackest velvet." No satisfactory explana- 
tion of this event has ever been given. 



extended over New England and a portion of New York 
and Pennsylvania, having commenced, it is said, in the West 
Indies, and in its northern course destroyed many vessels 
before reaching our coast. A large number of buildings in 
Boston and neio;hborino; towns were unroofed or blown 
down. In Providence, R. I., five hundred buildings were 
destroyed and fifty vessels, all that were in the harbor ex- 
cept two, the force of the wind and water wrenching them 
from their fastenings and driving them, with the accumulat- 
ing mass of rubbish, far up the streets of the lower part of 
the city. At Stonington, Ct., the tide was seventeen feet 
higher than usual. In this vicinity, the damage consisted 
mostly in unroofing houses and prostrating trees. 

One of our early settlers wrote in his journal that his fam- 
ily fled from the house and sought shelter behind some large 
pine stumps that were near by, and that the forest trees in 
the vicinity were torn up by the acre. A neighbor of his 
then lived in his log cabin, but had a new framed house 
about ready for occupancy. The family, not fully confiding 
in the stability of the old or new structure, sought also a 
stump protection. The log cabin withstood the gale, but the 
new house was demolished. Our oldest citizens think the 
uprooting of trees was the principal damage done by the 
gale, in this town. We have no record of any other gale, 
from the settlement of the country to the present time, that 
will compare with this in severity, power, and extent. The 
time of its greatest violence was between the hours of ten 
and twelve on the twenty-third day of September, 1815. 


For many years our aged citizens spoke of the summer 
and fall of 1816 as the cold season. Bevond doubt, at no 


time since the settlement of the town has the average 
temperature of the season been so low as in 1816. Accord- 
ing to a memorandum made by the late Dea. William Went- 
worth of Brownfield, " it was cold and windy, with some 
snow, on the 6th, 7th, and 8th of June, and there was a 
frost on the 30th of June, 9th of July, and 22d of August." 
My father's corn, although planted on high land with a 
northern slope, was wholly destroyed by the fi*ost in August. 
In the western parts of this state, corn, even partially 
ripened, was rarely raised by our farmers. In the eastern 
portions of the state, thA'e were, on June 6th, six inches of 
snow upon the ground, and no corn, that year, grew there to 
roasting ears. In some instances rye was not injured by the 
frost, but the most of the farm crops were either greatly dam- 
aged or whollv destroved bv it. 

In 1817, although money was scarce, corn was worth from 
$2.50 to $3.00 per bushel, and it was often difficult to obtain 
it with ready money at the figures named. Our citizens gen- 
erally felt the pressure of these truly hard times, but the 
suffering of the poor, for the want of suitable food, was far 
greater than in any other year since the settlement of the 
town. One family of several persons obtained one bushel 
of corn, in the winter of 1816-17, and this was their sole 
resource for bread, until a crop of rye was harvested in Au- 
o-ust following. One of our farmers was accustomed to tell 
the story, that after the small berries had ripened in 1817, he 
directed his boys when going to their labor, to work awhile, 
then pick berries, and continue thus to do until night. In 
this way, he said, the boys did the work without grumbling. 
Another family were visited by a traveling preacher ^ who 
had been accustomed to make his home with them while he 
remained in the settlement. He arrived after the usual 
meal time, and requested something to eat. The lady in due 
time set upon the table some half-grown, fried potatoes. 


She did the best she could. No excuses were made by one 
party or fault found by the other. 

Since the incorporation of the town, nine persons, Isaac 
French, George Coolbroth, James Hartford, John W. and 
Georcve W. Ridlon, Samuel Stanley, Nellie Landon, David 
L RkUon, and Benjamin Downs, have lost their Hves by 
drowning; Benjamin Pearl and Jackson T. Billings, m fell- 
ing trees" David Coombs, in rolling logs into the Ossipee 
river; James Coolbroth, by faUing from a mill dam; Wil- 
liam Bickford, by the accidental discharge of his gun ; John 
Stimpson, by the premature discharge of a cannon ; William 
Brown, bv falling from a frame; Samuel Brooks and Relief 
Libby, by being burned; Oliver Stacy, jr., and John Doug- 
las, by being thrown from their carriages, and, July 8, 
1869, Charleys William Day, by lightning, the only instance 
of death from this cause in the town since its settlement. 
We have had, also, three cases of suicide and one of fratri- 
cide, the brothers having been residents and natives of York 
county. Since the first settlement, no unusually fatal dis- 
ease has been prevalent in town. 

Had our fathers known the worth of our forest trees, they 
would have left in these a legacy far exceeding in value all 
other property transmitted by them to us. The white pine 
^yas everywhere abundant, and by them treated as inex- 
haustible and of but little account; but even during their 
lifetime, some trees that had, by chance, escaped the general 
destruction of their fellows, were bought, as they stood in 
the forest, by ship builders for fifty dollars each. One pme 
grew on the farm now owned by Oilman J. Norton, meas- 


uring six feet in diameter at the height of three feet from 
the ground. This tree was cut down and left to decay upon 
the ground where it fell. Oak, both red and white, of ex- 
cellent quality, was also abundant, particularly in the south- 
ern portion of the plantation. 


The first church (Congregational), composed of members 
residing in the northern portion of Porterfield and in the 
town of Brownfield, was organized in October, 180J:. The 
Rev. Jacob Rice from Henniker, N. H., was installed as 
pastor at the same time. His salary, as agreed upon, was 
one bushel of wheat per year from each member of his par- 
ish or other citizen who might be able and disposed to con- 
tribute to his support. He continued his ministerial labors 
here until his decease, Feb. 1, 1824, at the age of eighty- 
three years. For more than fourscore years his health had 
been unusually good. Upon that Sabbath morning, while 
preaching in a school-house, the church of the times, he sud- 
denly faltered, and in a few hours passed from his terrestrial 
to his celestial home. Mr. Rice was a graduate of Harvard 
college, a good man and acceptable preacher. 

A Baptist church was formed in the southern part of the 
plantation in 1806 or 1807, during the missionary labors of 
the Rev. Lemuel Rich of Machias. No record of this 
church has been preserved, but the following named persons 
were members at the time of its formation or soon after : 
David Moulton and wife Dorothy, Meshach Libby, Daniel 
Knowles and wife Mary, Charles Nutter, Simeon Libby and 
wife Hannah, Mary Libby, wife of Stephen, James Libby, 
John Libby, Misses Mary, Jemima, and Sally Libby, Try- 
phene Mason, wife of John, Miss Nancy Elkins, Jemima 
Fox, wife of Elijah, Deborah Fox, wife of John, Miss Deb- 


orali Fox, Olive Fox, wife of Edward, and Miss Abigail 
Fox. They had no settled minister, but were frequently 
visited by the pastors of other churches. Among this num- 
ber were the Revs- Mr. Rich, Mr. Locke. of Hollis, and Mr. 
Kinsman of Limerick. Their meetings were well attended 
and had a salutary influence upon society. 

A Free Will Baptist church was also early formed in this 
part of the plantation by Elder John Buzzell of Parsonsfield. 
The following ai'e the names of some of its members at or 
about the time of its formation : William French and wife 
Kezia, John French and wife Sally, Jacob French and wife 
Mary, William Stanley and wife Susan, Bethany, wife of 
Samuel Hodsdon, Joseph Stanley and wife Eunice, Ruth, 
Avife of John Stacy, Henry Tibbetts and wife Hannah, 
Misses Lucy and Betsey Brooks, Catharine, wife of Joseph 
Pearl, and Betsey, wife of John Mason, 2d. This church 
for many years was without a settled minister, but the mem- 
bers held their meetings upon the recurring Sabbath, and 
often listened to the fathers of the church, either at their 
own place of worship, or at North Parsonsfield. Among 
these were Elders Benjamin Randall, Jolm Buzzell, Aaron 
Buzzell, and John Colby. The yearly meetings were held 
in the spacious old meeting-house at North Parsonsfield, 
when every neighborhood for miles around was well repre- 
sented. The amount of good accomplished by this body of 
Christians was not lessened by the want of a gorgeous church 
"or other tinsel gilding of modern times. The Methodist 
Episcopal Church here was formed at a more recent period. 



In February, 1807, "An act to incorporate a part of the 
Plantation of Porterfield into a town by the name of Porter," 
passed both branches of the Legislature of Massachusetts, and 
was duly signed by Gov. Strong, on the twentieth day of that 
month. By this act the boundaries of the town are thus 
defined : " Beginning on the north bank of Great Ossipee 
river, on the line between the State of New Hampshire and 
the District of Maine, thence northwardly by New Hamp- 
shire line one thousand and nine hundred and seventy rods 
to a stake and stones ; thence south eighty-three degrees east 
one thousand and three hundred rods to a stake and stones 
on the east line of the Plantation of said Porterfield ; thence 
southwardly by said Porterfield line to Great Ossipee river ; 
thence up in the middle of said river to New Hampshire line, 
the place begun at." Its southwestern corner is upon an 
island in the Great Ossipee river, an island unknown to 
fame, but of sufficient importance to be a portion of four 
towns, three counties, and two states of " The Great Amer- 
ican Republic." 

The southern boundary of the new town, the Great Ossi- 
pee river, is in 43° 43' north latitude, its western boundary, 
6° east longitude from Washington, and its distance from the 
Baldwin depot on the P. & 0. R. R. is five miles. 



The first town meeting under the act of incorporation was 
held March 20, 1807, at the dwelling-house of James Coffin, 
for the purpose of choosing town officers. At this meeting 
James Coffin was chosen moderator ; Hanson Libby, clerk ; 
David Moulton, James Coffin, and Hezekiah Bickford, select- 
men and assessors; John Stacy, treasurer; and William 
French, constable and collector. The next day a warrant 
was issued by the selectmen to the constable, requiring him 
"in the name of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts to 
warn the male inhabitants of said Porter, of twenty-one 
years of age and upward, having a freehold estate within 
the Commonwealth of the annual income of three pounds, or 
any estate to the value of sixty pounds, to meet at James 
Coffin's old house, on the county road, on the sixth day of 
April next, at ten o'clock a.m., to give in their votes for gov- 
ernor, heutenant-governor, and two senators." At this 
meetincp James Sullivan had twentv- three votes and Caleb 
Strong two, for governor. Levi Lincoln had twenty-one, 
Andrew Fernald, one, and Edward H. Robbins, one, for 
lieutenant-governor. For the office of senator, John Wood- 
man had twenty-four votes, Joseph Storer twenty-three, Jo- 
seph Leland three, and Andrew Fernald two. 

At the second annual town meeting, held in April, 1808, 
$200 were raised to defray town expenses, |100 for the sup- 
port of schools, and $500 in labor and materials for repair of 
highways. At this meeting the town officers for the preced- 
ing year presented their accounts for services. The three 
selectmen charged $38.07, the clerk 11.60, the collector 
$9.20, the treasurer $2.00; total $50.77. In 1877, the 
town officers, including the overseer of the town form, 
charged for their services $583.20. An article inserted in 
the warrant for calling a town meeting Feb. 18, 1809, was 
" To see if the town will vote that all the town charges and 


all the services done in and for said town, shall be paid in 
produce or some other article short of the money." The 
subject was referred to the next annual meeting, but was not 
then acted upon. 

The first requisition for a juror from this town was made 
in May, 1816. On the 20th of that month WilUam French 
was drawn to attend the United States court held at Port- 
land. On the same day a vote for separation from Massa- 
chusetts was passed, yeas 46, nays none. In September 
following the vote was again taken, and the result was yeas 
37, nays 8. This was strictly a party vote, the federalists 
being opposed to the measure. 

From an examination of the records it appears that the 
town meetings were held in the house or barn of James 
Coffin until Nov. 2, 1812, when first a meeting was held at 
the school house in the first school district ; and the meet- 
ings continued to be held therein, generally, until Nov. 1, 
1824, when the north meeting house became the town house, 
and was then for the first time occupied as such. At a 
meeting held Sept. 20, 1819, William Towle was chosen a 
delegate to the convention held at Portland to draft a state 
constitution, and on the 6th of December following a .vote 
was taken by the town on its ratification. The vote was 
thirty-six to ratify " the constitution of the new state of 
Maine " to one in opposition. April 5,1824, it was voted 
to raise $400.00 for the purpose of finishing the north meet- 
ing house and to secure to the town the right of holding 
therein its future town meetings. It was also voted at the 
same meeting " to give Elder James Sawyer" (then a Free 
Will Baptist minister) " a call to preach the gospel." A com- 
mittee of five was raised " to report an agreement how the 
town should agree with said Sawyer." The committee re- 
ported " that the town should give him the use of the lot of 
land Gideon Mason lives on, and the interest of the ministe- 



rial and parsonage lots of land in said town that were sold 
last summer, with his " giving an acquittance of his right to 
the land," (320 acres) "he might hold by being the first settled 
minister in said town." Mr. Sawyer accepted the terms. 
After the ministerial labors of Mr. Sawyer were finished, 
the town, by a resolve of the legislature, was authorized to 
hold in trust the fund arising from the sales of the reserved 
ministerial and school lands, and required to appropriate 
yearly its interest for the support of our public schools. In 
1827, 1828, 1829, and 1830 13,000.00 in labor and ma- 
terials were raised to build the county road from the line of 
Freedom to that of Hiram. Each man was allowed twelve 
and one-half cents per hour for himself and the same for a 
yoke of oxen. 

Daring the last term of President Jackson's administra- 
tion the last dollar of our national debt was paid, and a sur- 
plus remained in the United States treasury. This surplus 
was distributed by congress among the different states in 
proportion to population. Maine distributed her share 
among the different towns in the state in the same manner. 
Porter received, April 19 and May 1, 1837, 12,174.00. At 
several town meetings after its reception, the surplus reve- 
nue was a theme of much discussion. Various propositions 
for disposing of it were submitted to our voters. Finally, 
April 2, 1838, it was voted " to distribute the town's pro- 
portion of the surplus revenue as soon as may be." This 
vote was carried into effect, and each inhabitant received 

In the warrant to call a town meeting April 7, 1845, is 
the following article : " 34th. To see if the town will in- 
struct the selectmen to grant licenses to retailers of ardent 
spirits," and at the meeting it was " voted that the select- 
men grant licenses to all that may make application to them 
to sell spirituous liquors the year ensuing." This vote, in 



connection with what is now known to be the public senti- 
ment of the town, shows a great and beneficial change in 
the minds of our citizens since 1845. Should the same 
proposition be now submitted to our voters, not one, I think, 
would publicly approve of like instructions. 

By more recent records it appears that the town raised by 
taxation, for paying soldiers' bounties during the rebellion, 
the sum of $29,215.40, and for recruiting, 1798.00 ; total by 
town taxation, $30,013.40. Under the United States inter- 
nal revenue act, from Aug. 28, 1862, to Sept. 1, 1869, the 
taxable citizens of Porter were assessed, in consequence of 
the war, 12,305.02, making a total war debt of $32,318.42. 


In proportion to population, few towns have furnished 
more soldiers to defend our institutions and common country 
than Porter. Six of her residents had taken part in our 
long and arduous struggle for independence. The war com- 
menced by the battle of Lexington, April 19, 1775, and 
closed by the treaty of Paris, Sept. 8, 1783. 

For the war of 1812 Porter furnished twenty-eight volun- 
teer soldiers, being nearly ten per cent of the whole number 
of persons then in town. President Madison's proclamation 
of war was issued (in accordance with a previous act of 
congress) April 19, 1812, just thirty-seven years after the 
battle of Lexington, and the war terminated by the treaty 
of Ghent, Dec. 24, 1814. The battle of New Orleans, 
however, was fought on the 8th of January following, the 
intelligence of peace not having then reached Gens. Jackson 
and Packenham, the American and British commanders. 

For the Mexican war, commenced April 24, 1846, and 
closed Feb. 2, 1848, by the treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo, 
seven young men enlisted. 


To suppress the slave-holders' rebellion, commenced by a 
rebel attack on Fort Sumter, April 12, 1861, and closed by 
Lee's surrender to Gen. Grant at Appomattox Court House, 
April 9, 1865, eighty-one of our resident and native 
young men volunteered. It is a peculiar incident that the 
war of the revolution, that of 1812, that with Mexico, and 
that of 1861 commenced in April. Accoixling to the report 
of our late adjutant general, John L. Hodsdon, Maine fur- 
nished during the great rebellion 66,669 soldiers. Of these 
there died of wounds 2,805; of disease, 4,854; discharged 
for disability, 12,863 ; and missing in action, 2,041 ; total 
casualties, 22,563. 

Historians, other than our own, give due credit for 
Maine's sacrifices in crushino; the slave-holders' rebellion. 
But what of Maine while an appendage to Massachusetts ? 
What her history during the French and Indian war, that'of 
the revolution, and the war of 1812? Behold, it is all writ- 
ten in the book of the chronicles of Massachusetts, — Maine's 
history appropriated by Massachusetts ! There we shall find 
that Maine regiments, in fact, were Massachusetts regiments 
in name ; that Massachusetts and Maine won in battle, but 
Massachusetts alone won in honor. When Washington, in 
addressing and commending a portion of his troops for their 
valor in turning the tide of a desperate battle in his favor, 
said, " God bless the Massachusetts line," he spoke not to 
men of Massachusetts, but to men of Maine, from our coun- 
ties of York and Cumberland. A faithful history of what 
Maine was instrumental in accomplishing for our common 
country, during those many years of war's desolation, has 
never been written, neither will it be. Of our history we 
have been plundered as well as of our lands. 

The whole number of men in the United States that en- 
listed into the Union army was, according to the president's 
annual message of 1872, 2,688,523. It is stated in Gree- 



ley's American Conflict, vol, ii., page 759, that the numloer 
enlisted for three months was 191,985 ; for six months, 19,- 
076 ; for nine months, 87,558 ; for one year, 394,959 ; for 
two years, 43,113 ; for three years, 1,950,792 ; for four 
years, 1,040 ; total, 2,688,523, and that, as many of these 
enlisted two or three times, while thousands deserted, it is 
probable that not more than 1,500,000 effectively partici- 
pated in suppressing the rebellion. The same author esti- 
mates our loss of life as follows : 56,000 dying on the field of 
battle, 35,000 dying in hospitals of wounds, and 184,000 dy- 
ing in hospitals by disease. The number dying after their 
discharge, by disease contracted in the service, we have no 
means of ascertaining. 


There is no plantation or town record of any vote for 
representative to the legislature before our separation from 
Massachusetts in 1820 ; although from 1810 to 1 819 inclusive 
we were classed with other towns for the choice of represent- 
atives. The classification has been as follows : In 1810 we 
were classed with Denmark and Lovell ; from 1811 to 1814 
inclusive, with Denmark, Lovell, and Waterford ; in 1815, 
with Denmark, Lovell, Waterford, and Fryeburg ; in 1816 
and 1817, with Sumner, Woodstock, Fryeburg, Hiram, and 
Brovvnfield ; in 1818 and 1819, Oxford County formed one 
representative district ; from 1820 to 1831 inclusive, with 
Brownfield and Hiram ; from 1832 to 1841 inclusive, with 
Hiram ; from 1842 to 1851 inclusive, with Brownfield and 
Hiram ; from 1852 to 1861 inclusive, with Brownfield and 
Fryeburg ; from 1862 to 1871 inclusive, with Brownfield and 
Fryeburg ; and from 1872 to 1881 inclusive, with Brown- 
field, Fryeburg, and Stow. 




One saw-mill, at least, and probably two, were built here 
as early as 1799. One was built at Porter village, another 
on the same stream not far from the Stanley or Roberts 
pond, called on the plantation map " Deer pond." The 
saw-mill of Stephen Libby was built near the site of the mill ' 
now owned by John Weeks, and was in operation as early 
as 1805. The first grist-mill in town, as stated by the late 
David Colcord, was built in 1793 by Caleb Emery, on the 
outlet of the Colcord pond, known on the map as " Ellen- 
wood's pond," Mr. Ellenwood having occupied the farm on its 
western border. This grist-mill and one at Porter village 
were, doubtless, built about the same time. From the best 
evidence attainable, the first bridge across the Great Ossipee 
at Porter village was constructed between 1795 and 1800 ; 
the second in 1808; and the present covered bridge there in 
1876, costing this town $1,717.24. The first river bridge at 
Kezar Falls was built by subscription in 1833, and the covered 
bridge at the same place, in 1869, at a cost to Porter of 

The population of Porterfield in 1800 was 272 ; of Porter 
in 1810, 292 ; in 1820, 486 ; in 1830, 841 ; in 1840, 1,133 ; 
in 1850, 1,208 ; in 1860, 1,240 ; in 1870, 1,105. 

The state valuation of the town was in 1820, $27,939; in 
1830, $36,311 ; in 1840, $113,984 ; in 1850, $165,198 ; in 
1860, $186,204 ; and in 1870, $275,469. 


Our auditors report the pecuniary standing of the town as 
they find it on the 20th of February. According to their 
report, the indebtedness of the town, aside from trust funds, 
was, Feb. 20, 1862, $3,475.34; 1863, $8,407.04; 1864, 
$11,747.31; 1865, $29,547.00; 1866, $22,920.59; 1869, 


117,066.15; 1870, $12,282.62; 1871, 19,275.46; 1872, 
$7,861.90; 1873, $7,396.91; 1874, $6,605.46; 1875, $5,- 
929.35; 1876, $5,938.36; 1877, $5,613.95 ; 1878, $5,373.- 
78 ; and 1879, $5,298.33. 


At tlie commencement of the war of 1861, the bills of our 
solvent banks were equal in value to gold. Jan. 13, 1862, 
gold was first sold at a premium. Since that time the high- 
est current premium was paid July 11, 1864, one dollar in 
gold being sold for $2.85 in bills ; in November, 1865, for 
$1.46i ; in July, 1867, for $1.38i ; in Feb., 1870, for $1.18 ; 
in Nov., 1871, for $1.10 ; in Dec, 1876, for $1.07 ; in 
Sept., 1877, for $1.03^ ; in Jan., 1878, for $1.01i ; April 
13, 1878, at New York, for l.OOJ ; and Dec. 17, 1878, at 
the same city, for $1.00, resumption by law not being re- 
quired until Jan. 1, 1879. There were a few sales in 1864, 
when the gold dollar brought $2.98 in greenbacks. 


The first Post-office in town was established at Porter 
village, in about 1820. For several years before the gov- 
ernment had granted the privileges of an office at Par- 
sonsfield middle-road, and the benefits dispensed thereby, 
were, in part, ours. At an earlier date the nearest office 
was at Saco. 

Our first postmaster was James Coffin, who held the of- 
fice until the time of his death, in March, 1823. His suc- 
cessors have been William Towle, jr., Mrs. Jane Coffin, 
Eben. Blazo, John Higgins, William Stanley, and James 
French, jr. William Towle, jr., and Mrs. Coffin, held the 


office eight or nine years, Mr. Higgins about one, Messrs. 
Stanley and French about four years each, and Mr. Blazo, 
the present nicumbent, about thirty-nine years. 


At the organization of the Post-office department, the 
postage of a single letter (i.e., one composed of a single 
piece of paper), under 40 miles, was 8 cts., under 90 miles, 
10 cts., under 150, 12i cts., under 300, 17 cts., under 500, 
20 cts., and over 500, 25 cts. By act of Congress of 1825, 
and the amendatory act of 1827, the rates adopted were as fol- 
lows : for any distance not exceeding 30 miles, 6 cts., over 30 
and under 80 miles, 10 cts., over 80 and under 150, 12^ cts., 
over 150 and under 400, 18| cts., and over 400 miles, 25 
cts. If a letter was composed of two pieces of paper, double 
postage was required, of three pieces, triple postage, etc. In 
1845 the postage of a letter not exceeding 1-2 oz. in weight, 
was reduced to 5 or 10 cts., as the distance was under or over 
300 miles. A further reduction was made in 1851 and in 
1852. In 1863 the present rates (3 cts. for every 1-2 oz. to 
any part of the United States) were established. Postage 
stamps and stamped envelopes were ordered by Congress in 


Our Registry of Deeds was at Alfred until 1800, when 
one was established at Fryeburg. The registers at F, have 
been James Osgood, John Bradley, Daniel Clement, Rich- 
ard Clement, James O. McMillan, Asa Charles, and Sey- 
mour C. Hobbs. 



Samuel Brooks, James Brown, John Fox, David Moul- 
ton, Joseph Pearl and Josiah Wood. 

OP THE WAR OP 1812. 

Job Bailey, William Bickford, John Brooks, Samuel 
Brooks, Nathaniel Cook, Nathaniel Cook, 2d, Edward Fox, 
Ephraim Fox, John Hays, jr., David Hodsdon, James Lib- 

by, John Libby, Jacob Mason, Francis Mathews, 

Mclntire, John Moulton, John Pearl, Simeon Pearl, Dia- 
mond Pearl, Jonathan Philbrick, Perkins Philbrick, Simon 
Philbrick, Daniel Sargent, Samuel Stanley, Samuel Tibbetts, 
John Thompson, Hugh Tucker, jr., and Daniel Wentworth. 


Samuel Brooks, 3d, Edward Fox, George W. Kennard, 
George W. Pearl, James Peters, Thomas B. Peters and 
Jonathan Stacy. 


Of the resident Revolutionary soldiers named, all died in 

Samuel Brooks was born in Buxton, March 19, 1761, 
enhsted March 14, 1777, and died in April, 1825. 

James Brown was born in Virginia and died in 1851. 

John Fox was born in Gilmanton, N. H., and died April 
17, 1834. 

David Moulton was born in Hampton, N. H., enlisted in 
1778 and die I Oct. 18, 1838. 

Joseph Pearl was born in Rochester, N. H., and died in 


Josiah Wood was born in Dracut, Mass., and died in 1844 
or 1845. 

In the war of 1812, Jacob Mason, the eldest son of John, 
was the only soldier from this town who did not return. He 
died of disease, Oct. 26, 1813. 

In the Mexican war, Samuel Brooks, 3d, son of Thomas, 
died in the city of Mexico, March 19, 1848. 

Edward Fox, son of Ephraim, died in Vera Cruz, Mexico, 
July 23, 1848. 

G. Washington Pearl, son of John, died in the city of 
Mexico, about Dec. 3, 1847. 

Jonathan Stacy, son of Oliver, having been discharged, 

returned home in August, 1848, and died Feb. 17, 1849, 

of chronic diarrhcBa, contracted in the service, aged 25 years. 

James and Thomas B. Peters, sons of Thomas, are supposed 

to have died in the service. 

In the Great Rebellion, John C. Bridges, Co. G, 10th 
Me. Regt., died at Knoxville, Md., of diphtheria and ty- 
phoid fever, Dec. 1, 1862. 

Ezra Blazo, Co. A, 20th 111. Regt., died at St. Louis, 
Mo., of chronic diarrhoea, about Sept. 10, 1863. 

Joseph M. Davis, Co. K, 23d Me., died on Long Island 
Sound, on his homeward voyage, of consumption, Jan. 7, 

Randall French, Co. A, 11th Me., died at Yorktown, Va., 
of typhoid fever. May 29, 1862. 

Ira Floyd, Co. K, 23d Me., died at Camp Grover, Md., 
of typhoid fever, Nov. 13, 1862. 

Osgood F. Floyd, Co. C, 29th Me., died at Annapolis, Md., 
of typhoid fever, Aug. 9, 1864. 

William W. Fox, Co. G, 10th Me., died at Harper's 
Ferry, Va., of typhoid fever, Oct. 30, 1862. 

George Henry Fox, Co. B, 29th Me., died in U. S. Gen- 
eral Hospital at Patterson Park, Baltimore, Md., Nov. 5, 


1864, in consequence of a wound received in battle at Ce- 
dar Creek, Oct. 19, 1864. 

Albion P. Fox, Co. G, 7th Recvt. N. H. Vols., died Mar. 
31, 1865, at Wilmington, N. C, of typhoid fever. 

William F. Foster, Co. G, 13th Me., was discharged at 
New Orleans, La., for disability, Oct. 27, 1862, and died at 
Porter, of chronic diarrhoea, Nov. 13, 1862. 

Samuel N. Gibbs, Co. K., 18th Penn. Cavalry, was taken 
prisoner Oct. 10, 1863, and died in Libby prison, Va., Feb. 
11, 1864, murdered by exposure and starvation. 

Elias R. Gibbs, Co. K, 18th Penn. Cavalry, died in An- 
dersonville prison, Ga., July 19, 1864, murdered as was his 
cousin in Libby prison, by rebel officials acting under the or- 
ders of Jeff Davis. 

Randall Libby, 2d, Capt. of Co. A, 11th Me., died at 
Porter, May 8, 1871, of pulmonary consumption, contract- 
ed in the United States' service. 

Benjamin H. Ridlon, Co. E, 9th Me., mortally wounded 
in the head while skirmishing at Bermuda Hundred, May 20, 
1864, was sent to Fortress Monroe, and, without doubt, died 

Oren W. Rogers, Co. I, 3d Me. was supposed to have 
been killed in battle at Spottsylvania Court House, Va., 
May 10 or 12, 1864. 

Frank Robbins, Co. K, 23d Me., rendezvoused with his 
company at Portland, Me., returned home by the direction 
of the surgeon, and died of tjq^hoid fever, Nov. 17, 1862. 

Ezra Towle, Co. G, 10th Me , died Sept. 27, 1862, at Sharps- 
burgh, Md., in consequence of a wound received in battle. 

Nelson Towle, Co. E, 9th Me., was killed in battle, Sept. 
29, 1864, in the charge on battery Gilmore, near Richmond, 
Va. He was appointed Lieutenant by the Governor, but 
died before his commission reached its destination. 

John F. Wiggin, Co. F, 133d Penn. Regt., died at Doug- 


las Hospital, Washington, D. C, Dec. 31, 1862, in conse- 
quence of wounds received in battle. 

Isaac D. White, Co. G, 13th Me., died in 1863, at sea, on 
his passage from Texas to New Orleans, on board of Steam- 
er Clinton. ' 

James M. Wilkinson, Co. A, 11th Me., died in the hos- 
pital at Point of Rocks, of chronic diarrhoea, Sept. 2, 1864. 


For the materials of this chapter I am indebted to such 
soldiers as could be consulted, to the friends of other 
soldiers, and to the various reports of our late Adjt. Gen. 
John L. Hodsdon. 

The actual merits of every soldier are not to be estimated 
solely by the facts herein stated. Some of them have been 
able to give a full and correct account of the stirring events 
in which they were actors, others equally meritorious, have 
failed in imparting information so as to do justice to them- 
selves, or were, as soldiers, by no fault of their own, placed 
in positions unfavorable to an exhibition of their true charac- 
ter. Death, too, has precluded the rehearsal here, of much 
that Avould heighten our regard for the memory of many who 
went forth from us to do battle for the right. 

In the short time^ allotted me in the preparation of this 
chapter, I have spared no reasonable pains. Interviews with 
soldiers have been* had, and letters written in all instances 
where it was supposed that facts of any value might be ob- 
tained. My exertions in this direction have been, in many 
cases, successful ; in some, partially so, and in others a total 

' It was not contemplated to add this chapter until after most of the previous portion 
of this work had been printed. 


failure. Hence the result as here presented, must, by the 
want of better mformation on the part of the writer, be nec- 
essarily defective, and to a certain extent, unsatisfactory to 
the reader as well as to the writer. 

Banks Ivory H., Com. K,'23d Me., 
Capt. Moses N. Stanley, was mustered into the U. S. ser- 
vice for nine months, Sept. 29, 1862, and was mustered out 
of the service and discharged July 15, 1863. 

Berry John, Com, A (probably), 44th Mass., 
was mustered into the U. S. service in August, 1862, for 
nine months. About Jan. 1, 1863, he was in the battle of 
Whitehall, N. C, where he received a severe wound in the 
wrist. He was shortly after discharged for the disability 

Bickford Isaac, Com. H, 1st Regt. Me. Cavalry, 
Capt. Henry C. Hall, was mustei-ed into the service Dec. 28, 
1863, for three years, and was discharged Dec. 28, 1864, 
for disability. 

Blazo Ezra, Co. A, 20th 111., 
Capt. John S. Wolf, Col. C. C. Marsh, was mustered into 
the service April 19, 1861, for three years, was taken pris- 
oner in the Britton's Lane fight, gave his parole, and was 
sent to St. Louis. While there he was exchanged, joined 
his regiment, and was in the following battles : Fort Henry, 
Fort Donelson, Pittsburgh Landing or Shiloh, and in all of 
Grant's battles at the siege of Vicksburgh. During the most 
of his service he was under the command of Gen. Logan. 
He died.* 

Boston Benjamin F., Cora. A, 11th Me'., 
Capt. Randall Libby, was mustered into the service Oct. 
12, 1863, for three years, and was in the following battles : 
Drury's Bluff, May 14, 15 and 16, Bermuda Hundred, from 

* The star (*) denotes that the time, place and cause of the soldier's death are stated 
under "In memoriaui," page 52, 



June 2 to June 20, Strawberry Plain, July 26, Deep Bot- 
tom, Aug. 14, Flusser's Mills, Aug. 16, Siege of Petersburgh, 
from Aug. 25 to Sept. 29, and several battles before Rich- 
mond, from Oct. 1, 1864 to Jan. 1, 1865. The above dates 
are as stated in his company memorial. In March, 1865, he 
was in the battle of Five Forks, and April 1 and 2 in that of 
Hatcher's Run, where he was wounded by a minie ball 
through the band. He was discharged for the disability in 
Sept., 1865. 

Bradeen Erastus W., Com. B, 23d Me., 
Capt. Horace C. Little, was mustered into the service 
Sept. 29, 1862, for nine months, was appointed corporal, and 
mustered out July 15, 1863. He re-enlisted, and was mus- 
tered into Co. B, 29th Me., Capt. Benj. M. Redlon. 

Bridges John C, Com. G, 10th Me., 
Capt. Jonathan Blake, was mustered into the service Sept. 
18, 1862, for two years, and died.* 

Brooks John M., Com. I, 12th Me., 
Capt, James M. Thompson, was mustered into the United 
States service March 17, 1865, for one year, and was mus- 
tered out March 17, 1866. 

Cole John W., Cora. F, 27th Me., 
Capt, J. Plummer, was mustered into the service Sept. 30, 
1862, for nine months. 

Cook Joseph B,, Com. G, 10th Me,, 
Capt. Jonathan Blake, was mustered into the service Aug. 
18, 1862, for three years, was transferred to Com. B, 10th 
Me. Battalion, and again transferred to Com. D, 29th jNIe., 
was taken prisoner, gave his parole, and was discharged in 

Coolbroth Thaddeus W., Cora. G, 13th Me., 
Capt. Joshua L. Sawyer, was mustered into the service 
Dec. 31, 1861, for three years, re-enlisted, was mustered in- 
to the same company Feb. 29, 1864, and was transferred to 


the 30th Me., Nov. 18, 18G4. The 30th regiment was mus- 
tered out Aug. 20, 1865. 

Coolbroth Wilham J., Com. G, 13th Me., 
Capt. Joshua L. Sawyer, was mustered into the service Dec. 
31, 1861, for three years, and was mustered out Jan. 6, 1865. 

Danforth Samuel, Com. K, 23d Me., 
Capt. Moses N. Stanley, was mustered into the service Sept. 
29, 1862, for nine montlis, and mustered out July 15, 1863. 

Davis Joseph M., Com. K, 23d Me., 
Capt. M. N. Stanley, was mustered into the service Sept. 29, 

1862, for nine months, was dischai'ged for disability Jan. 5, 

1863, and died of consumption on the 7th of that month. 
Day Wentworth, 

enlisted and was mustered into a New Hampshire regiment. 

Downs Joseph, 
was mustered into a New Hampshire regiment. 

Durgin Henry D., Com. E, 9th Me., 
Capt. A. G. Marston, was mustered into the service Sept. 
22, 1861, for three years, and was discharged for disability 
Jan. 2, 1863. 

Duroy John B., Com. C, 9th Me., 
Capt. George VV. Brown, was mustered into the service 
Aug. 11, 1862, for three years, was appointed an orderly by 
Maj. Gardiner, was slightly wounded in the battle of Morris 
Island, and was discharged July 24, 1865. In 1863, July 
10, he was in the battle of Morris Island, S. C, July 11 and 
18 in the attacks on Fort Wagner ; in 1864, Feb. 20, he was 
in Gen. Seymour's disastrous defeat at Olustee, Fla., May 
20 in the battle at Bermuda Hundred, June 1 at Cold Har- 
bor, June 30 in front of Petersburgh, Aug. 16 and 18 at Deep 
Bottom, Sept. 29 at Chapin's Farm, Oct. 27 at Derby Town 
Road ; and in 1865, Jan. 15, in the assault upon and capture 
of Fort Fisher by Gen. Terry, a portion of the 9th Me. par- 
ticipating in the attack. 


While in front of Petersburgh, ten men from each company 
of his regiment were detailed for a particular service. Mr. 
Duroy was of the number. Six-tenths of them were slain, 
owing to their commanding officer's misapprehension of his 

Floyd Ira, Com. K, 23d Me., 
Capt. M. N. Stanley, was mustered into the service Sept. 29,, 
1862, for nine months, and died.* 

Floyd Osgood F., Com. G, 10th Me., 
Capt. Jonathan Blake, was mustered into the service Aug. 23, 
1862, for three years, was transferred to Bat. 10th Me., and 
from 10th Bat. to Com. C, 29th Me., and died.* 

Foster William F., Com. G, 13th Me., 
Capt. Joshua L. Sawyer, was mustered into the service Jan. 
16, 1862, for three years, was discharged for disability Oct. 
27, 1862, and died.* 

Fox Albion P., Com. G, 7th N. H. Vols., 
was mustered into the service Sept. 23, 1861, and died.* 

Fox Daniel J., Com. K, 23d Me., 
Capt. M. N. Stanley, was mustered into the service Sept. 29, 
1862, for nine months, and was discharged July 15, 1863. 
He re-enlisted for one year, was mustered into Co. B, 11th 
Me., Capt. Chas. Sellmer. He was in the battle of Hatcher's 
Run, in the last Petersburgh, and in Gen. Grant's final con- 
flict with Lee at Appomattox Court House. His final dis- 
charge was dated June 12, 1865. 

Fox David M., Com. D, 5th Me., 
Capt. Edward W. Thompson, was mustered into the service 
June 21, 1861, for three years. He re-enlisted Jan. 4, 1864, 
in Com. B, 1st Regt, Infantry, Veteran Vols., Capt, Charles 
H. Small, for three years, and was mustered out July 2, 
1865. He was severely wounded in the thigh in the battle 
of Cold Harbor, and was wounded in the leg and back while 
in front of Petersburo^h. He was in the followino- eno-aoe- 


ments : in 1861, July 21, Bull Run ; in 1862, May 7, West 
Point, last of May, Mechanicsville, June 27, Gaines' Hill, 
June 28, Golding Farm, June 30, Charles City Cross Roads, 
Aug. 27, 2d Bull Run, Sept. 14, Crampton's Pass, Sept. 17, 
Antietam — under fire eighteen hours — Dec. 12 and 13, Fred- 
ericksburgh ; in 1863, the first days of May, Chancellorsville, 
July 2 and 3, Gettysburgh, Nov. 7, Crossing of the Rappa- 
hannock, Nov. 27, Orange Grove •, in 1864, from May 5 to 
May 12 inclusive, in the battles of the Wilderness, that near 
Spottsylvania Court House, and the charges on the fortifica- 
tions near the Court House, June 1 at Cold Harbor, Sept. 
19 at Winchester, Sept. 22 at Fisher's Hill, Oct. 19 at Cedar 
Creek ; and in 1865, April 2, in the battle in front of Peters- 

Fox George Henry, Com. G, 10th Me., 
Capt. Jonathan Blake, was mustered into the service Sept. 9, 
1862, for three years, was transferred to Com. B, 29th Me., 
and died.* 

Fox James L., Com. K, 23d Me., 
Capt. M. N. Stanley, was mustered into the service Sept. 29, 
1862, for nine months, and discharged July 15, 1863. 

Fox Jonathan, 2d, Com. G, 13th Me., 
Capt. Amos G, Goodwin, was mustered into the service Dec. 
31, 1861, for three years, and discharged for disability July 
17, 1863. 

Fox Lorenzo D., Com. D, 5th Me., 
Capt. Edward W. Thompson, was mustered into the service 
June 24, 1861, for three years. He was appointed Sergeant, 
and was mustered out July 27, 1864. He was in the follow- 
ing battles: in 1861, July 21, Bull Run; in 1862, May 7, 
West Point, last of May, Mechanicsville, June 27, Gaines' 
Hill, June 28, Golding Farm, June 30, Charles City Cross 
Roads, Aug. 27, 2d Bull Run, Sept. 14, Crampton's Pass, 
Sept. 17, Antietam — under fire eighteen hours — Dec. 12 and 


13, Fredericksburgh ; in 1863, the first days of Ma}", Chan- 
cellorsville, J uly 2 and 3, Gettysburg!!, Nov. 7, Crossing of 
the Rappahannock, Nov. 27, Orange Grove ; in 1864, from 
May 5 to May 12 inclusive, the battles of the Wilderness, 
that near Spottsylvania Court House and the charges on the 
fortifications near the Court House, and June 1, Cold Harbor. 

.Fox William W., Com. G, 10th Me., 
Capt. Jonathan Blake, was mustered into the service August 
18, 1862, for two years, and died.* 

John Fox who settled in Porter in 1801, was a Revolu- 
tionary soldier. His brother Edward was one of our volun- 
teers in the war of 1812. Ephraim Fox, a son of Edward, 
also volunteered in the war of 1812. Edward Fox, a son of 
Ephraim, was in the Mexican war, and died in Mexico. 
Daniel J. and David M. Fox, whose war record is given 
above, were the only remaining sons of Ephraim. George 
Henry, James L., Jonathan 2d, Lorenzo D,, and William W. 
Fox were the only surviving sons of the late Richard Fox, 
who was a brother of Ephraim. 

French Charles, Com. B, 2d Regt. Mass. Vols., 
Capt. Greeley S. Curtis, Col. George H. Gordon, enlisted 
May 11, 1861, for three years. He was under Gen. Banks 
in the Shenandoah Valley at the time of his retreat from 
Winchester, and under Gen. Pope during his disastrous re- 
treat from Centerville, where our losses were numbered by 
tens of thousands. He was in the battles of Cedar Mountain, 
South Mountain, Antietam, and Chancellorsville, where he 
was taken prisoner May 3, 1863. Being sent to Richmond, 
he was put in Libby prison. He remained there but one 
week, when he was exchanged. Fortunate, indeed, it was 
for him that he was so soon liberated. He says that in the 
room where he was confined there were four hundred and 
twenty-five prisoners, and it was with much difficulty that 
they could lie down at all, or obtain any rest, upon a floor 


tliat might be said, without much exaggeration, to be liter- 
ally covered with vermin. While he was in prison he was 
not aware that any prisoners were shot for merely look- 
ing out of the windows, but he was told by the prisoners 
that such cruelty had not been uncommon, and the bullet 
holes through and around the windows, confirmed the truth 
of their statement. The prisoners were permitted to have 
two meals a day, if such allowances in quantity and quality 
can be called meals. The name of this prison originated 
from that of the owner. A rebel by the name of Libby built 
and used it as a tobacco warehouse. Into this receptacle of 
filth and vermin our soldiers were thrust, we might almost 
say in truth, heaped, so great were their numbers for the 
space alloted them. It is elsewhere asserted with reference 
to Pennsylvania soldiers that only one in six who entered 
this prison left it alive. Taking into account the extent to 
which our soldiers were deprived, not only of food, but even 
of air and space for their bodies, the assertion does not seem 
incredible. This building was not enclosed by a wall or ditch, 
but a strong guard of rebel soldiers, with their loaded rifles, 
prevented any escape, except with the greatest risk. 

After Mr. French was exchanged he joined his regiment 
in Tennessee, and was under Gen. Sherman until the expira- 
tion of his term of service, when he was sent to Boston and 
discharged June 10, 1864. 

French Daniel D., Com. G, 13th Me., 
Capt. Joshua L. Sawyer, was mustered into the service Dec. 
31, 1861, for three years, was ordered to Ship Island, joined 
Gen. Banks' Red River expedition, and like many of his 
comrades who were exposed to the malaria of the Mississippi 
swamps was compelled to be under the orders of a surgeon 
in the hospital rather than the commands of his captain on 
the tented field. For a considerable time his condition re- 
mained unimproved, but at length having regained his health, 


he was ordered to Washington, and thence to the Shenan- 
doali Valley. On the march from Washington he and others 
from different companies, numbering in all one hundred, were 
detailed to guard a provision train on its way to Winchester. 
While passing through an obscure region of the country they 
were suddenly assailed by Mosby's Guerillas, and one-half of 
their number slain, the rest barely escaping by flight. He 
was discharged Jan. 6, 1865. 

French Lorenzo D., Com. G, 3d N. H. Vols., 
Capt. Emmons, was mustered into the service July 25, 1861, 
for three years, and discharged for disability Aug. 29, 1862. 

French Randall, Com. A, 11th Me., 
Capt. W. S. Pennell, was mustered into the service Nov, 7, 

1861, for three years, and died.* 
French William H., Com. G, 13th Me., 

Capt. Joshua L. Sawyer, was mustered into the service Dec. 
31, 1861, for three years, re-enlisted for three years, was 
mustered into the same company Feb. 29, 1864, Capt. Amos 
G. Goodwin, was appointed corporal by Capt. Sawyer, was 
taken prisoner at Pleasant Hill, La., April 9, 1864, carried 
to Camp Ford, near Tyler, Texas, and remained there a 
prisoner until exchanged May 27, 1865. He was in Banks' 
Red River campaign, in the battles of Mansfield and Pleasant 
Hill, La., and was discharged Aug. 10, 1865. 

Garland William H., Com. K, 23d Me., 
Capt. M. N. Stanley, was mustered into the service Sept. 29, 

1862, for nine months, and mustered out July 15, 1863. 
Gentleman Joseph O., Com. A, 11th Me., 

Capt. W. S. Pennell, was mustered into the service ^Nov. 7, 
1861, for three years, was discharged for disability, but after- 
ward re-enlisted into Com. K, 23d Me., for nine months, 
Capt. M. N. Stanley, then into Com. G, 93d N. Y. State 
National Guards, for 100 days, and lastly into Com. C, 194th 
N. Y, Vols, for three years. He was 1st Sergeant in Com. 


A, llth Me., 2cl and 1st Lieut, in Com. K, 23d Me., Capt'. 
of Com. G, 93d N. Y., and of Com. C, 194tli N. Y. He was 
in the battles of Williamsburg and Fair Oaks, and was dis- 
charged April 15, 1865. 

Gibbs Elias R., Com. K, 18th Penn. Cavalry, 
enlisted in Sept., 1862, at the same time his cousin Samuel 
N. Gibbs enlisted, was mustered into the same company, 
fought in the same battles, was taken prisoner at the same 
time and sent to Andersonville pi'ison, Ga., where he died.* 

Gibbs Samuel N., Com. K, 18th Penn. Cavalry, 
enlisted in Sept, 1862. He wrote quite often to his parents, 
and to the information contained in his letters we are indebt- 
ed for what is here stated. By these letters we learn that 
he arrived at the front Feb. 10, 1863. From that time up to 
the succeeding July his regiment was often employed in 
skirmishing and making reconnoissances, but when it was 
found that Lee was actually en route for the north, more im- 
portant duties were required of them than heretofore. In 
August he wrote from Warrenton Junction that the Cavalry 
with which he served, took in the previous month 1800 
prisoners, with a large number of horses and wagons, and in 
eleven days lost 600 men ; that he and Elias Gibbs fought in 
all the many battles in which their regiment was engaged, 
and that with the exception of his own slight wound, they 
remained uninjured. So far he had been shielded from the 
more dread realities of war, but soon from his own peif came 
the unwelcome message that he was in Libby prison. Next, 
but after months of anxious doubt, the sad, though not unex- 
pected tidings reached his friends that the merciless foe had 
finished, in his case, their intended work.* 

It was reported at the time in a Pennsylvania periodical 
that of twenty-four prisoners taken from the 18th Penn. 
Cavalry and put in Libby prison, four only, left there alive. 


Kimball William, 
was mustered into a New Hampshire regiment. 

Lewis George W., Com. B, 29th Me., 
Capt. Benjamin M. Redlon, was mustered into the service 
Jan. 12, 1864, for three years, was sick at Augusta, Me., for 
several months, joined his regiment at Alexandria, La., but 
beincT ao-ain disabled by sickness, was discharged in June, 


Libbv Randall, 2d, Com. A, 11th Me., 
enhsted for three years Sept. 26, 1861, was mustered into 
the service Nov. 7, 1861, and appointed 2d Lieutenant. 
May 11, 1862, while at the front, he was commissioned 
Captain. He commanded Company A at the battle of Wil- 
liamsburgh, at Bottom's Bridge, at Fair Oaks and Seven 
Pines, participated in other severe engagements while ad- 
vancing toward and crossing the Chickahominy, and in the 
seven days' constant fighting, from June 26th to July 2d in- 
clnsive, during McClellan's retreat from the Chickahominy 
to Harrison's Landing. Gen. Nagley, in an address to his 
brigade, to which the 11th Maine belonged, said : " Thus is 
yours the honor of having been the first to pass and the last 
to leave the Chickahominy, and while you led the advance 
from this memorable place near Richmond, you were the last 
in the retreating column, when after seven days' constant 
fighting it reached a place of security and rest at Harrison's 
Landing." Subsequently the regiment proceeded to York- 
town. Here the climate and severe labor induced the dis- 
ease which terminated his life. He was discharged for 
disability March 24, 1863, and died.* 

Lord John, Com. K, 23d Me., 
Capt. M. N. Stanley, was mustered into the service Sept. 
29, 1862, for nine months, was appointed Sergeant, and dis- 
charged July 15, 1863. 

McDonald Samuel, Com. K, 23d Me., 
Capt. M. N. Stanley, was mustered into the service Sept. 29, 


1862, for nine months, was appointed Corporal, and dis- 
charged July 15, 1863. 

Moulton John, jr., Com. D, 2d Minn. Vols., 
enlisted June 17, 1861. July 5 of the same year he was 
appointed Sergeant, and in December following 1st Sergeant. 
In 1862, Jan. 1, he was commissioned 2d Lieut., May 1, 1st 
Lieut., and Oct. 27, Captain of the same company. In 1864, 
July 15, he was commissioned Major of his regiment, and in 
1865, Marcli 13, brevet Lieut. Colonel. In 1862, Jan. 19, 
he was in the battle of Mill Spring, Ky., during the month 
of May at the siege of Corinth, Miss., and Oct. 8 at the 
battle of Perryville, Ky. ; in 1863, Sept. 19 and 20, at 
Chickamauga, Tenn., Nov. 25 at Mission Ridge, Tenn. ; in 
1864, first of May, at Buzzard Roost Gap and Tunnell 
Hill, Ga., May 15 at Resaca, Ga., June 27 at Kenesaw 
Mountain, Ga., Sept. 1 at Jonesborough, Ga. ; and in 1865, 
March 19, at Bentonville, N. C. His department command- 
ers were Gens. Buel, Rosecrans, Thomas, Gi'ant, and Sher- 
man. He was with the last named in his victorious march 
from Chattanooga through Georgia and the Carolinas, and 
was mustered out of the service July 11, 1865. He neither 
asked for nor received a furlough, but performed his duty as 
a soldier every day during the entire period of his enlistment. 

Norton Moses F., Com. K, 23d Me., 
Capt. M. N. Stanley, was mustered into the service Sept. 
29, 1862, for nine months, and discharged Dec. 2, 1862. 

Norton William G., Com. K, 23d Me., 
Capt. M. N. Stanley, was mustered into the service Sept. 29, 
1862, for nine months, and was mustered out July 15, 1863. 

Pearl Isaac, Com. K, 23d Me., 
Capt. M. N. Stanley, was mustered into the service Sept. 29, 
1862, for nine months, was appointed Corporal, and mus- 
tered out July 15, 1863. 

Pearl Joshua R., Com. F, 50th Mass., 
Capt. S. W. Duncan, was mustered into the service in Sept., 



1862, for nine months, was in the two general assaults upon 
Port Hudson, May 27 and June 14, 1863, and was mus- 
tered out at the expiration of his term of service. 

Peters Oliver T., Com. K, 23d Me., 
Capt. M. N. Stanley, was mustered into the service Sept. 29, 
1862, for nine months, and was discharged July 15, 1863. 

Pugsley Jeremiah, Com. K, 28d Me., 
Capt. M. N. Stanley, was mustered into the service Sept. 29, 
1862, for nine months, and discharged July 15, 1863. 

Ridlon Benjamin H., Com. E, 9th Me., 
Capt. Josiah C. Beal, was mustered into the service Jan. 1, 
1864, for three years, was severely wounded in the head 
May 20, 1864, and died.* 

Ridlon George F., Com. K, 23d Me., 
Capt. M. N. Stanley, was mustered into the service Oct. 13, 
1862, for nine months, and discharged July 15, 1863. 

Ridlon George W., Com. I, 3d Me., 
Lieut. Hall commanding, was mustered into the service July 
17, 1863, for three years, and in about one year after, trans- 
ferred to Com. E, 17th Me,, Capt. Charles C. Cole ; was 
again transferred in June, 1865, to Com. E, 1st Me. Heavy 
Artillery, Capt. P. A. Gatchell, and by him was appointed 
Corporal. He was in the battle of Strawberry Hill, where 
he was slightly wounded, in that of Mine Run, in Gen. 
Grant's many battles of the Wilderness, including that at 
Spottsylvania Court House, etc., in the battle of Stony 
Brook, and in the attacks on the Weldon R. R. and Peters- 
burgh. He was discharged Sept. 11, 1865. 

Ridlon Joseph S., Com. B, 29th Me., 
Capt. Benjamin ^NI. Ridlon, was mustered into the service 
Jan. 28, 1864, for tliree years, and was discharged Oct. 5, 
1865. He was in the battles of Sabine Cross Roads or 
Mansfield, Pleasant Hill, Cane River Crossing, Winchester, 
Fisher's Hill and Cedar Creek. 


Ridlon William, Com. H, 27tli Me., 
Capt. Henry F. Snow, was mustered into the service Sept. 
30, 1862, for nine months, and was mustered out July 17, 
1863. A portion of his regiment, however, was mustered 
out in June, at the expiration of their nine months' service. 
At this time Gen. Lee was rapidly advancing toward Penn- 
sylvania, and throughout the country the greatest anxiety 
was felt not only for Washington, Philadelphia, and other 
northern cities, but even for the Republic itself. At this 
juncture tlie President and Secretary of war appealed to the 
men of those regiments whose terms of service were about 
expiring, to remain and aid their brothers in arms to stay 
and drive back these minions of slavery with their perjured 
leader. So far as three hundred and fifteen men of the 27th 
were concerned, the appeal was not in vain. That number, 
and Porter had her representative among them, remained 
until the battle of Gettysburgh had been fought, and Lee 
. driven from the soil of Pennsylvania. The almost certainty 
of a desperate and deadly encounter in the near future, was 
theirs to consider, yet these patriot heroes did not quail in 
view of such a prospect. These were mustered out July 17, 
1863, the remainder of the regiment having left for their 
homes in June. 

Robbins Frank, Com. K, 23d Me., 
Capt. M. N. Stanley, was mustered into the service Sept. 
29, 1862, for nine months, and died.* 

Rogers Oren W., Com. I, 3d Me., 
Lieut. Hall commanding, was mustered into the service July 
17, 1863, for three years. He was in the battle of Straw- 
berry Hill, that of Mine Run, in Grant's battles in the Wil- 
derness, and, up to the time of his death, in the battle near 
Spottsylvania Court House.* 

Rounds William, Com. I, 8th N. H. Vols., 
Capt. Colby, was mustered into the service of the U. S. 


Nov. 1, 1861, for three years. He re-enlisted for three 
years, was mustered in, Jan. 4, 1864, and was discharged 
Oct. 28, 1865. Upon his discharge it is certified that he was 
in the following battles: in 1862, Oct. 27, Georgia Landing ; 
in 1863, April 12 and 13, Camp Bisland ; May 27, Port 
Hudson ; June 14, Port Hudson ; and in 1864, April 8, Sa- 
bine Cross Roads ; April 23, Cane River ; May 17, Morean- 
ville ; and May 18, Yellow Bayou. 

Sawyer Henry H., Com. K, 23d Me., 
Capt. M. N. Stanley, was mustered into the U. S. service 
Sept. 29, 1862, for nine months and discharged July 15, 

Sawyer Isaac B., Com. D, 6th N. H. Vols., 
Capt. Samuel D. Quarles, enlisted Oct. 26, 1861, for three 
years, was in Gen. Burnside's expedition to Roanoke Island, 
in the battle at Camden, N. C, and in the second Bull Run 
engagement, in the last of which he was taken prisoner. He 
was carried to Gainsville, gave his parole, was in a short 
time exchanged, and was discharged for disability Feb. 17, 

Sawyer Sewell S., Com. H, 171st Penn., 
Capt. John Bierer, was mustered into the service Oct. 24, 

1862, for nine months, was in the battle of Blount's Creek 
in the spring of 1863, and was discharged Aug. 8, 1863. He 
re-enhsted Mar. 27, 1865, for one year, in Com. A, 88th 
Penn., Capt. Daniel W. May, was appointed Corporal by 
Capt, May, and was discharged June 30, 1865. 

Smith George H., Com. K, 23d Me., 
Capt. M. N. Stanley, was mustered into the service Sept. 
29, 1862, for nine months, and was mustered out July 15, 

1863. He re-enlisted into Com. C, 29th Me., for three 
years, was mustered in, Jan.- 29, 1864, and continued in this 
company until July 18, 1865. 


Stacy Lorenzo D., Com. K, 23d Me., 
Capt. M. N. Stanley, was mustered into the service Sept. 
29, 1862, for nine months, and was orderly Sergt. until Feb. 
11, 1863, when he was promoted to a 2d Lieutenancy. 
After his term in the 23d expired, he re-enlisted in Com. B, 
29th Me., for three years, of which company he was ap- 
pointed Jan. 4, 1864, 2d Lieutenant. Subsequently he was 
appointed 1st Lieutenant of Com. F, but was not mustered 
in, on account of the small number of men remaining in that 
company. In the month of March, 1865, he was commis- 
sioned 1st Lieut, by brevet, and later in the month. Captain. 
For some considerable time, and at various stations he held 
the offices of Provost Marshal and Provost Judge, was for a 
time in command of Fort Russell at Hilton Head, was in the 
Red River expedition under Gen. Banks, and in the Shenan- 
doah Valley under Gen. Sheridan. He was in the battles 
of Snaggy Point and Mansura Plains, La., at Opequan, 
Fisher's Hill and Cedar Creek, Va., and was mustered out 
of the service at Hilton Head, S. C, June 21, 1866. 

Stacy Oliver, jr.. Com. K, 23d Me., 
Capt. M. N. Stanley, was mustered into the service Sept. 
29, 1862, for nine months, and discharged July 15, 1863. 
He re-enlisted in Com. F, Coast Guards, Jan. 6, 1865, Capt. 
Charles H. Conant, and was discharged July 7, 1865. 

Stanley Moses N., 
was commissioned Captain of Com. K, 23d Me,, was mus- 
tered into the service Sept. 29, 1862, and was mustered out 
July 15, 1863. He re-enlisted and was mustered into Com. 
B, 29th Me., Jan. 12, 1864, was commissioned and mustered 
into Com. C, 29th Me., as 1st Lieut., Jan. 15. 1864, and 
discharged for disability Oct. 25, 1864. 

Stanley Samuel 2d, Com. K, 23d Me., 
Capt. M. N. Stanley, was mustered into the service Sept. 29, 
1862, for nine months. He was appointed Corporal and after- 



ward Sergeant of his company. He was discharged July 15, 

Stanley William S., Com. G, 10th Me., 
Capt. Jonathan Blake, was mustered into the service Aug. 
25, 1862, for three years, was transferred to Bat. 10th Me., 
and from 10th Bat. to Com. C, 29th Me., was in the battles 
of Antietam and South Mountain, Md., Chancellorsville, Va., 
and Gettysburgh, Penn. He was discharged in June, 1865. 

Stewart Samuel, Com. B, 1st Regt, Me. Cavalry, 
Capt. Jacob B. Loring, was mustered into the service Dec. 

23, 1863. His company was mustered out Aug. 1, 1865. 
Storer John, Com. F, 8th Me., 

Capt. Albert R. Willis, was mustered into the service Sept. 

24, 1864, and discharged in 1865. 

Tibbetts Henry C, Com. H, 2d Regt. Minn. Vols., 
Nelson W. Dickinson, Com. Commander, was mustered into 
the service July 15, 1861, was discharged, re-enlisted into 
the same company Dec. 20, 1863, for three years, John R. 
Beatty, Com. Commander, was in the battles of Mill Spring, 
Ky., Chickamauga, Tenn., Perryville,Ky., and Mission Ridge, 
Tenn., was under Gen. Sherman in his march from Chatta- 
nooga, through Georgia and the Carolinas, and was mustered 
out of the service July 25, 1865. 

Towle Ezra, Com. G, 10th Me., 
Capt. Jonathan Blake, was mustered into the service Aug. 
18, 1862, for two years, and was at the battle of Antietam, 
Sept. 17, 1862, where he was mortally wounded. He died.* 

Towle Nelson, Com. E, 9th Me., 
Capt. Edwin W. Wedgwood, was mustered into the service 
Sept. 22, 1861, for three years, re-enlisted, and Jan. 1, 1864, 
was mustered into the same company for three years, Capt. 
Josiah C. Beal. He was appointed Sergeant Sept, 22, 1861, 
and Orderly Sergeant in June, 18G2. In 1861, Nov. 7, he 
was in the battle at Hilton Head, S. C. ; in 1862, March 4, 


at Fernandina, Fla. ; in 1863, July 10, at Morris Island, S. 
C, July 11 and 18 and Sept. 7, was in the assaults upon 
Fort Wagner, S. C. ; in 1864, May 7, in the battle of Green 
Plain, Va., May 16, at Drury's Bluff, Va., May 18, 20, and 
23, and Aug. 25, at Hatcher's Run, June 1 and 2, at Cold 
Harbor, "Va., June 15, at Petersburgh Heights, June 30, was 
in the attack on the enemy's fortifications near the same city, 
July 30, he was with the party assaulting Cemetery Hill, 
Va., Aug. 16 and 17, in the battle at Deep Run, and Sept. 
29, in the assault on Fort Gilmore, where our forces were 
repulsed, and he was slain.* 

Towle Wellington, Com. E, 9th Me., 
Capt. Edwin W. Wedgwood, was mustered into the service 
Sept. 22, 1861, for three years, re-enlisted, and was mustered 
into the same company Jan. 1, 1864, for three years, Capt. 
Josiah C. Beal. He was appointed Corporal in Sept., 1861, 
and Sergeant in Sept., 1864. Nov. 7, 1861, he was in the 
battle at Hilton Head, S. C. ; in 1862, March 4, at Fernan- 
dina, Fla. ; in 1863, July 10, at Morris Island, S. C. ; July 
11 and 18, and Sept. 7, was in the assaults upon Fort Wag- 
ner, S. C. ; in 1864, May 7, in the battle of Green Plain, 
Va., May 16, at Drury's Bluff, Va., May 18, 20, and 23, 
and Aug. 25, at Hatcher's Run, and June 1 and 2, at Cold 
Harbor, Va., where he was wounded, losing his right thumb 
by a rebel bullet. He was discharged July 20, 1865. 

The attack of July 18 on Fort Wagner was one of the 
terrible realities of war. Patriot and rebel fought with the 
utmost determination, and for the numbers engaged the 
carnage was truly awful. 

Towle William G., Com. H, 1st Me. Cavalry, 
Capt. A. M. Benson, was mustered into the service Feb. 9, 
1864, for three years, was appointed Corporal in July fol- 
lowing, and was thi'ee times wounded. The first wound re- 
ceived was made by a grape shot, during the charge on the 


iron bridge over the Roanoke river, and the others were 
severe gun shot wounds received in the battle at Boydton 
Plank Road. He was under Wilson in his unsuccessful at- 
tempts to capture the Weldon railroad, was at the storming 
of three forts, at the battles at Hatcher's Run and Stony 
Creek, and in the successful attempts to capture the Weldon 
railroad, making thirteen engagements. He was under 
Sheridan in his last encounter with the rebels, and saw the 
surrender of R. E. Lee at Appomattox Court-house April 9, 
18G5. He was discharged Aug. 9, 1865. 

Varney David, Com. K, 23d Me., 
Capt. M. N. Stanley, was mustered into the service Sept. 29, 
1862, for nine months, and discharged July 15, 1863. 

Varney Edward K., Com. K, 23d Me., 
Capt. M. N. Stanley, was mustered into the service Sept. 29, 
1862, for nine months, and was discharged July 15, 1863. 
He re-enlisted for one year, was mustered into Com. H, 9th 
Me., Capt, Stephen C. H. Smith, Oct. 6, 1864, and was dis- 
charged in Sept., 1865. 

Weeks William S., Com. K, 23d Me., 
Capt. M. N. Stanley, was mustered into the service Sept. 29, 
1862, for nine months, was discharged July 15, 1863, re- 
enlisted, was mustered into Com. F, Coast Guards, Capt. 
Charles H. Conant, and was discharged July 7, 1865. 

White Isaac D., Com. G, 13th Me., 
Capt. Amos G. Goodwin, was mustered into the service Dec. 
31, 1861, for three years, and died.* 

Wiggin John F., Cora. F, 133d Regt. Penn., 
was mustered into the service in the spring of 1862, was 
mortally wounded at the battle of Fredericksburgh, and died 
two weeks after at Washington, D. C* 

Wilkinson James M., Com. A, 11th Me., 
Capt. Randall Libby, was mustered into the service Oct. 12, 


1863, for three years, and was in the following battles in 
1864 : Drury's Bluff, May 14, 15, and 16, Bermuda Hun- 
dred from June 2 to June 20, Strawberry Plain July 26, 
Deep Bottom Aug. 14, and Flusser's Mills Aug. 16. He 
died in the hospital at Point of Rocks, of chronic diarrhoea, 
Sept. 2, 1864. 

Wormwood Darius, Com. K, 23d Me., 
Capt. M. N. Stanley, was mustered into the service Sept. 29, 
1862, for nine months, and was discharged July 15, 1863. 
He re-enlisted in Com. F, Coast Guards, was mustered in, 
Jan. 6, 1865, Capt. Charles H. Conant, and was discharged 
July 7, 1865. 

Of these eighty-one soldiers, seventy-eight belonged to 
Maine regiments ; two to 3d Infantry, two to 5th, one to 8th, 
six to 9th, seven to 10th, six to 11th, one to 12th, seven to 
13th, one to 17th, twenty-eight to 23d, two to 27th, ten to 
29th, one to 1st Veteran Infantry, three to 1st Cavalry, and 
one to 1st Heavy Artillery. 

Cook David W., Downs Elias, Durgin Samuel, Merifield 
Luther P., and Merifield Moses B. enlisted as Coast Guards 
only. They were mustered into Com. F, Capt. Charles H. 
Conant, Jan. 6, 1865, and were discharged July 7, 1865. 










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