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Biographical Sketches of Prominent and Representative Citizens, 


i Presidents of the I3nited states. ® 





greatest of English historians, Macaulay, and one of the most brilliant writers of 
the present century, has said: "The history of a country' is best told in a record of the 
lives of its pei^jle." In cunforniity v ith this idea the Poutiimt and Bio(;itAi'iii< ai. 
Rkcord f,f n^^g county has bi-un propan-d. InsU'ad of going to musty reeords, and 
taking therefrom dry slatislical matter that can be appreciated by but few, oui 
corps of writers have gone to the people, the men and women who have, by their 
enterprise and industry, brought the county to rank second to none among those 
comprising this great and noble State, and from their lips have the story of their life 
struggles. No more interesting or instructive matter could be presented to an intelli- 
gent public. In this volume will be found a record of many whose lives are worthy the 
imitation of coming generations. It tells how some, commencing life in poverty, by 
industry and economy have accumulated wealth. It tells how others, with limited 
advantages for securing an education, have become learned men and women, with an 
V inlluence extending throughout the length and breadth of the land. It tells of men who 
have risen from the lower walks of life to eminence as statesmen, and whose names have 
l>ecoHie famous. It tells of those in every walk in life who have striven to succeed, and 
records how that success has usually crowned their efforts. It tells also of many, ver^- 
nian^-, who, not seeking the applau.«e of the world, have pui-sued "the even tenor of their way," content 
to have it said of them as Christ said of the woman performing a deed of mercy — '•the\- have done what 
they could." It tells how that many in the pride and strength of young manhood left the plow and the 
anvil, the lawyer's office and the counting-room, left every trade and profession, and at their country's 
call went forth valiantly ''to do or die," and how through their efforts the I'nion Wiis restored and peace 
once more reigned in the land. In the life of every man and of every woman is a lesson that should not 
l>e lost upon those who follow after. 

Coming generations will ap()reciate this volume and preserve it as a sacred treasure, from the fact 
that it contains so much that would never find its w.ay into public records, and which would otherwise be 
inacces.sible. Great care has been taken in the compilation of the work and every opportunity possible 
given to those represented to insure correctness in what has been written, and the publishers Hatter them- 
selves that they give to their readers a work with few errors of consequence. In addition to the biograph 
ical sketches, portraits of a number of representative citizens are given. 

The faces of some, and biograiiliical sketches of many, will be missed in this volume. I-'or this the 
publishers are not to blame. Not having a projjer concejHion of the work, some refused to give the 
information necessary to compile a .sketch, while othei-s were indifferent. Occasionally some member of 
the family would opi) the enteriirise, aTid on account of such ojjposition the sui)port of the interested 
one would l>e withheld. In a few instances men could never be found, though repeated calls were made 
at their residence or place of business. 

Novemlier, 1X'.»2. CHAPMAN I'.UOS. 




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_^ _^ 

J HE P'atlier of our Country was 

% llOl 

'«) liorn in Westmorland Co., Va., 
-"^ Fel). 22, 1732. His parents 
were Augustine and Mary 
(Ball) Washington. The family 
to which he belonged has not 
been satisfactorily traced in 
England. His great-grand- 
father, John Washington, em- 
igrated to Virginia about 1657, 
and became a prosperous 
planter. He had two sons, 
Lawrence and John. The 
former married Mildred Warner 
and had three children, John, 
Augustine and Mildred. Augus- 
tine, the father of George, first 
married Jane Butler, who bore 
him four children, two of whom, 
Lawrence and Augustine, reached 

f^i maturity. Of six children by his 
^A^ second marriage, George was the 
(|j3 eldest, the others being Betty, 
i Samuel, John Augustine, Charles 

and Mildred. 
Augustine Washington, the father of George, died 
in 1743, leaving a large landed |)roperty. To his 
eldest son, Lawrence, he bequeathed an estate on 
the Patomac, afterwards known as Mount Vernon, 
and to George he left the i)arental residence. George 
received only such education as the neiglilxsrhood 
schools afforded, save for a short time after he left 
school, when he received private instruction in 
niath;;mat'cs. Hi? spellinsi v.'as rather defectiv*. 

Remarkable stories are told of his great ))hysica; 
strength and development at an early age. He wa.s 
an acknowledged leader among his companions, and 
was early noted for that nobleness of character, fair- 
ness and veracity which characterized his whole life. 

When George was 1 4 years old he had a desire to go to 
sea, and a midshipman's warrant was secured for him, 
but through the opposition of his mother the idea was 
abandoned. Two years later he was ap|X)inted 
surveyor to the immense estate of Lord Fairfax. In 
this business he spent three years in a rough frontier 
life, gaining experience which afterwards proved very 
essential t<i him. In 175 r, though only 19 years of 
age, he was apjwinted adjutant with the rank of 
major in the Virginia militia, then being trained for 
active service against the French and Indians. Soon 
after this he sailed to the West Indies with his brother 
Lawrence, who went there to restore his health. They 
soon returned, and in the summer of 1752 Lawrence 
died, leaving a large fortune to an infant daughter 
who did not long survive him. On her demise the 
estate of Mount Vernon was given to George. 

Upon the arrival of Robert Dinwiddie, as Lieuten- 
ant-Governor of Virginia, in 1752, the militia wat 
reorganized, and the province divided into four mili- 
tary districts, of which the northern was assigned to 
Washington as adjutant general. Shortly after this 
a very perilous mission was assigned him and ac- 
cepted, which others had refused. This was to pro- 
ceed to the French post near Lake Erie in North- 
western Pennsylvania. The distance to he traversed 
was between 500 and 600 miles. Winter was at hand, 
and the journey was to be made without military 
escort, through a territory occupied by Indians. Th« 


inp was a perilous one, and several times he came near 
losing his life, yet he returned in safety and furnished 
a full and useful report of his expedition. A regiment 
of 300 men was raised in Vnginia and put in com- 
mand of Col. Joshua Fry, and Major \Vashington was 
commissioned lieutenant-colonel. Active war was 
then begun against the French and Indians, in which 
Washington took a most important part. In the 
memorable event of July 9, 1755, known as Brad- 
dock's defeat, Washington was almost the only officer 
of distinction who escaped from the calamities of the 
day with life and honor. The other aids of Braddock 
were disabled early in the action, and Washington 
alone was left in that capacity on the field. In a letter 
to his brother he says : "I had four bullets through 
my coat, and two horses shot under me, yet I escaped 
unhurt, though death was levelin " my companions 
on every side." An Indian sharpshooter said he was 
not born to be killed by a bullet, for he had taken 
direct aim at him seventeen times, and failed to hit 

After having been five years in the military service, 
and vainly sought promotion in the royal army, he 
look advantage of the fall of Fort Duquesne and the 
expulsion of the French from the valley of the Ohio, 
to resign his conmiission. .Soon after he entered the 
Legislature, where, although not a leader, he took an 
active and imisortant part. January 17, 1759, he 
married Mrs. Martha (I3andridge) Custis, the wealthy 
widow of John Parke Custis. 

When the British Parliament had closed the port 
if Boston, the cry went up throughout the provinces 
that "The cause of Boston is the cause of us all." 
It was then, at the suggestion of Virginia, that a Con- 
gress of all the colonies was called to meet at Phila- 
delphia.Sept. 5, 1774, to secure their common liberties, 
peaceably if possible. To this Congress Col. Wash- 
ington was sent as a delegate. On May 10, 1775, the 
Congress re-assembled, when the hostile intentions of 
England were plainly apparent. The battles of Con- 
cord and Lexington had been fought. Among the 
first acts of this Congress was the election of a com- 
mander-in-chief of the colonial forces. This high and 
responsible office was conferred upon Washington, 
who was still a memberof the Congress. He accepted 
it on June 19, but u|3on the express condition that he 
receive no salary. He would keep an exact account 
of expenses and expect Congress 10 pay them and 
nothing more. It is not the object of this sketch to 
trace the military acts of Washington, to whom the 
fortunes and liberties of the people of this country 
were so long confided. The war was conducted by 
him under every possible disadvantage, and while his 
forces often met with reverses, yet he overcame every 
obstacle, and after seven years of heroic devotion 
and matchless skill he gained liberty for the greatest 
nation of earth. On Dec. 23, 1783, Washington, in 
a parting address of surpassing beauty, lesigned his 

commission as commander-in-chief of the army lu 
to the Continental Congress sitting at Annapolis. H^ 
retired immediately to Mount Vernon and resumed 
his occupation as a farmer and planter, shunning all 
connection with public lite. 

In February, 1789, Washington was unanimously 
elected President. In his presidential career he was 
subject to the peculiar trials incidental to a new 
government ; trials from lack of confidence on the part 
of other governments; trials from want of harmony 
between the different sections of our own country; 
trials from the impoverished condition of the country, 
owmg to the war and want of credit; trials from the 
beginnings of party strife. He was no partisan. His 
clear judg.nent could discern the golden mean; and 
while perhaps this alone kept our government from 
sinking at the very outset, it left him exposed to 
attacks from both sides, which were often bitter and 
very annoying. 

At the expiration of his first term he was unani- 
mously re-elected. At the end of this term many 
were anxious that he be re-elected, but he absolutely 
refused a third nomination. On the fourth of March, 
1797, at the exjjiraton of his second term as Presi- 
dent, he returned to his home, lioping to pass there 
his few remaining yeais free from the annoyances of 
public life. Later in the year, however, his repose 
seemed likely to be interrupted by war with France 
At the prospect of such a war he was again urged to 
take command of the armies. He chose his sub- 
ordinate officers and left to them the charge of mat- 
ters in the field, which he superinter.ded from his 
home. In accepting the command he made the 
reservation that he was not to be in the field until 
it was necessary. In the midst of these preparations 
his life was suddenly cut off. December 12, he took 
a seveie cold from a ride in the rain, which, settling 
in Its throat, produced inflammation, and terminated 
fatally on the night of the fourteenth. On the eigh- 
teenth his body was borne wi'h military honors to its 
final resting place, and interred in the family vault at 
Mount Vernon. 

Of the character of Washington it is impossible to 
speak but in terms of the highest respect and ad- 
miration. The more we see of the operations of 
our government, and the more deeply we feel the 
difficulty of uniting all opinions in a common interest, 
the more highly we must estimate the force of his tal- 
ent and character, which have lie^ n able to challenge 
the reverence of all parties, and principles, and na- 
tions, and to win a fame as extended as the limits 
of the globe, and which we cannot but believe will 
be as lasting as the existence of man. 

The person of Washington was unusally tan, erect 
and well proportioned. His muscular strength was 
great. His features were of a beautiful symmetry. 
He commanded respect without any appearance of 
haughtiness, and ever serious without hvfinc dull. 










|( OHN ADAMS, the second 
P., I'resideut and the first Vice- 

f""' President of the United States, 
was born in Braintree ( now 
- Quincy ),Mass., and alxjut ten 
miles from Boston, Oct. 19, 
,i I73S- Hiigreat-grandfather, Henry 
Adams, emigrated from England 
about 1640, with a family of eight 
sons, and settled at Braintree. The 
parents of John were John and 
Susannah (Boylston) Adams. His 
father was a farmer of limited 
means, to which he added the bus- 
iness of shoemaking. He gave his 
eldest son, John, a classical educa- 
tion at Harvard College. John 
graduated in 1755, and at once took charge of the 
school in Worcester, Mass. This he found but a 
'sci.ool of affliction," from whiih li^ endeavored to 
gain relief by devoting himself, in addition, to the 
study of law. For this purfjose Ijf placed himself 
under the tuition of the only lawyer in the town. He 
had thought seriously of the clerical profession 
but seems to have been turned from this by what he 
termed " the frightful engines of ecclesiastical coun- 
jils, cf dialxslical malice, and Calvanistic good nature,'" 
of the operations of which he had been a witness in 
his native town. He was well fitted for the legal 
jirofession, jxissessing a clear, sonorous voice, being 
ready and fluent of speech, and having quick percep- 
tive jxjwers. He gradually gained practice, and in 
1764 married .\b:gail Smith, a daughter of a minister, 
and a lady of superior intelligence. Shortly after his 
marriage, {i7''>s), the attempt of Parliamentary taxa- 
tion turned hnn from law to [Kilitics. He tcxak initial 
steps toward holdir.^ a town meeting, aTiil ihe resolu- 

tions he offered on the subject became very ]K>pulai 
throughout the Provnice, and were adopted word for 
word l)y over forty different towns. He moved to Bos- 
ton in 1768, and became one of the most courageous 
and prominent advocatesof the popular cause, and 
was chosen a member of the General Court (the Leg- 
lislature) in 1770. 

Mr. Adams was chosen one of the first delegates 
from Massachusetts to the first Continental Congress, 
which met in 1774. Here he distinguislied himselt 
by his capacity for business and for debate, and ad- 
vocated the movement for independence against the 
majority of the members. In May, 1776, he mcved 
and carried a resolution in Congress that the Colonies 
should assume the duties of self-government. He 
was a prominent member of the committee of five 
appointed June 11, to prepare a declaration of inde- 
pendence. This article was drawn by Jefferson, but 
on ."^dams devolved the task of battling it through 
Congress in a three days debate. 

On the day after the Declaration of Independence 
was passed, while his soul was yet warm with th° 
glow of e.xcited feeling, he wrote a letter to his wife 
which, as we read it now, seems to have been dictated 
by the spirit of prophecy. "Yesterday," he says, "the 
greatest question was decided that ever was debated 
in America; and greater, perhaps, never was or wil 
be decided among men. .\ resolution was passed 
without one dissenting colony, ' that these United 
States are, and of right ought to be, free and inde- 
l)endent states' The day is passed. The fourth of 
July, 1776. will be a memorable epoch in the history 
of America. I am apt to believe it will be celelirated 
by succeeding generations, as the great anniversaryi 
festival. It ought to be commemorated as the day ort 
deliverance by solemn acts of devotion to Almighty 
Ciod. It ought to be solemnized with i>omp, shows- 


games, sports, guns, bells, bonfires, and illuminations 
troin one end of the continent to the other, from this 
lime forward for ever. You will think me transix)rted 
with enthusiasm, but I am not. I am well aware of 
the toil, and blood and treasure, that it will cost to 
maintain this declaration, and support and defend 
these States; yet, through all the gloom, I can see the 
rays of Hght and glory. I can see that the end is 
w^rth more than all the means; and that posterity 
will triumph, although you and I may rue, which I 
hope we shall not." 

In November, 1777, Mr. Adams was appointed a 
delegate to France and to co-operate with Bemjamin 
Franklin and Arthur Lee, who were then in Paris, in 
the endeavor to obtain assistance in arms gind money 
from the French Government. This was a severe trial 
to his patriotism, as it separated him from his home, 
compelled him to cross the ocean in winter, and ex- 
posed him to great peril of capture by the British cruis- 
ers, who were seeking him. He left France June 17, 
1779. In September of the same year he was again 
chosen to go to Paris, and there hold himself in readi- 
ness to negotiate a treaty of peace and of commerce 
with Great Britian, as soon as the British Cabinet 
might be found willing to listen to such proiX)sels. He 
sailed for France in November, from there he went to 
Holland, where he negotiated imixirtant loans and 
formed important commercial treaties 

Finally a treaty of peace with England was signed 
Jan. 21, 1783. The re-action from the excitement, 
toil and anxiety through which Mr. Adams had passed 
threw him into a fever. After suffering from a con- 
tinued fever and becoming feeble and emaciated he 
was advised to go to England to drink the waters of 
Bath. While in England, stilldroopinganddes[X)nd- 
ing, he received dispatches from his own government 
urging the necessity of his going to Amsterdam to 
negotiate another loan. It was winter, his health was 
delicate, yet he immediately set 9ut, and through 
storm, on sea, on horseback and foot,he made the trip. 

February 24, 1785, Congress appointed Mr. Adams 
envoy to the Court of St. James. Here he met face 
to face the King of England, who had so long re- 
garded him as a traitor. As England did not 
condescend to apix)int a minister to the United 
States, and as Mr. Adams felt that he was accom- 
plishing but little, he sought permission to return to 
nis own country, where he arrived in June, 1788. 

When Washington was first chosen President, John 
Adams, rendered illustiious by his signal services at 
liome and abroad, was chosen Vice President. Again 
at the second election of Washington as President, 
Adams was chosen Vice President. In 1796, Wash- 
ington retired from public life, and Mr. Adams was 
elected President,though not vidthout much opposition. 
Serving in this office four years, he was succeeded by 
Mr. Jefferson, his opponent in politics. 

"iVhile Mr. Adams was Vice President the great 

French Revolution shook the continent of Europe, 
and it was upon this point which he was atissujwiih 
the majority of his countrymen led by Mr. Jefferson. 
Mr. Adams felt no sympathy with the French people 
in their struggle, for he had no confidence in their 
power of self-government, and he utterly abhored the 
classof atheist philosophers wlio he claimed caused it. 
On the other hand Jefferson's sympathies were strongly 
enlisted in behalf of the French people. Hence or- 
iginated the alienation between these distinguished 
men, and two powerful parties were thus soon organ- 
ized, Adams at the head of the one whose sympathies 
were with England and Jefferson led the other in 
sympathy with France. 

The world has seldom seen a spectacle of more 
moral beauty and grandeur, than was presented by the 
old age of Mr. Adams. The violence of party feeling 
had died away, and he had begun to receive that just 
ajjpreciation which, to most men, is not accorded till 
after death. No one could look upon his venerable 
form, and think of what he had done and suffered, 
and how he had given up all the prime and strength 
of his life to the public good, without the deepest 
emotion of gratitude and respect. It was his peculiar 
good fortune to witness the complete success of the 
institution which he had been so active in creating and 
supporting. In 1824, his cup of happiness was filled 
to the brim, by seeing his son elevated to the highest 
station in the gift of the people. 

The fourth of July, 1826, which completed the half 
century since the signing of the Declaration of Inde- 
pendence, arrived, and there were but three of the 
signers of that immortal instrument left upon the 
earth to hail its morning light. And, as it is 
well known, on that day two of these finished their 
earthly pilgrimage, a coincidence so remarkable as 
to seem miraculous. For a few days before Mr. 
Adams had been rapidly failing, and on the morning 
of the fourth he found himself too weak to rise from 
his l)ed. On being requested to name a toast for the 
customary celebration of the day, he exclaimed " In- 
dependence FOREVER." When the day was ushered 
in, by the ringing of bells and the firing of cannons, 
he was asked by one of his attendants if he knew 
what day it was? He replied, "O yes; it is the glor- 
ious fourth of July — God bless it — God bless you all." 
In the course of the day he said, " It is a great and 
glorious day." The last words he uttered were, 
"Jefferson survives." But he had, at one o'clock, re- 
signed his spirit into the hands of his God. 

The personal appearance and manners of Mr. 
Adams were not particularly prepossessing. His face, 
as his portrait manifests.was intellecUial ard expres- 
sive, but his figure was low and ungraceful, and h'S 
manners were frequently abrupt and unrourteous. 
He had neither the lofty dignity of \Vashington, nor 
the engaging elegance and gracefulness which marked 
the manners and address of Tefferson. 



^ i»J 




TBDMAi5 .TEPi'M'lRiiDA, :S 

:i A|iril J, 1743, at Shad- 
ucll, Albermarle county, Va. 
His parents were I'eter and 
Jane ( Randolph) Jefferson, 
the former a native of Wales, 
and tlie latter born in Lon- 
don. To them were born six 
daughters and two sons, of 
whom Tliomas was the elder. 
When 14 years of age his 
father died. He received a 
most liberal education, hav- 
ing been kept diligently at school 
from the time he was five years of 
age. In 1760 he entered William 
end Mary College. Williamsburg was then the seat 
of the Colonial Court, and it was the obode of fashion 
and splendor. Young Jefferson, who was then 17 
years old, lived somewhat expensively, keeping fine 
horses, and much caressed by gay society, yet he 
was earnestly devoted lo his studies, and irrejjroacha- 
able in his morals. It is strange, however, under 
such influences, that he was not ruined. In the sec- 
ond year of his college course, moved by some un- 
explained inward impulse, he discarded his iiorses, 
society, and even his favorite violin, to which he had 
previously given much time. He often devoted fifteen 
hours a day to haid study, allowing himself for ex- 
ercise only a run in the evening twilight of a mile out 
of the city and back again. He thus attained very 
high intellectual culture, alike excellence in philoso- 
l)hy and the languages. The most difficult Latin and 
(ireek authors he read with facility. A more finished 
scholar has seldom gone forth from college halls; and 

there was not to be found, perhaps, in all Virginia, a 
more pureminded, upright, gentlemanly young man. 

Immediately uiwn leaving college he began the 
study of law. For the short time he continued in the 
practice of his profession he rose rapidly and distin- 
guished himself by his energy and accuteness as a 
lawyer. But the times called for greater action. 
The jxjlicy of England had awakened the spirit of 
resistance of the American Colonies, and the enlarged 
views which Jefferson had ever entertained, soon led 
him into active political life. In 1769 he was choset 
a member of the Virginia House of Burgesses In 
1772 he married Mrs. .Martha .Skelton, a very oeauti- 
ful, wealthy and highly accomplished young widow 

Uiwn Mr. Jefferson's large estate at .Shadwell, thjre 
was a majestic swell of land, called Monticello, which 
commanded a prosi)ect of wonderful extent and 
beauty. This s[x>t Mr. Jefferson selected for his new 
home; and here he reared a mansion of modest ye? 
elegant architecture, which, next to Mount Vernon 
became the most distinguished resort in our land. 

In 1775 he was sent to the Ctlonial Congress, 
where, though a silent member, his abilities as a 
writer and a reasoner soon become known, and he 
was placed u|X3n a number of important committees, 
and was chairman of the one ajjixiinted for the draw- 
ing up of a declaration of independence. This com- 
mittee consisted of Thoiuas Jefferson, John Adams, 
Benjamin Franklin, Roger .Sherman and Robert R. 
Livingston. Jefferson, as chairman, was apiwiiited 
to draw up the paper. Franklin and Adams suggested 
a few verbal changes before it was submitted to Con- 
gress. On June 28, a few slight changes were made 
in it by Congress, and it was passed and signed July 
4, 1776. What must have been the feelings of that 



man — what the emotions that swelled his breast — 
who was charged with the preparation of that Dec- 
laration, which, while it made known the wrongs of 
America, was also to publish her to the world, free, 
Koverign and independent. It is one of the most re- 
markable papers ever written ; and did no other effort 
of the mind of its author exist, that alone would be 
sufficient to stamp his name with immortality. 

In 1779 Mr. Jefferson was elected successor to 
Patrick Henry, £.s Governor of Virginia. At one time 
the British officer, Tarleton, sent a secret expedition to 
Moniicello, to capture the Governor. Scarcely five 
minutes elapsed after the harried escape of Mr. Jef- 
ferson and his family, ere his mansion was in posses- 
sion of the British troops. His wife's health, never 
very good, was much injured by this excitement, and 
in the summer of 1782 she died. 

Mr. Jefferson was elected to Congress in 1783. 
Two years later he was appointed Minister Plenipo- 
tentiary to France. Returning to the United States 
in September, 1789, he became Secretary of State 
in Washington's cabinet. This position he resigned 
Jan. T, 1794. In 1797, he was chosen Vice Presi- 
dent, and four years later was elected President over 
Mr. Adams, with Aaron Burr as Vice President. In 
1804 he was re-elected with wonderful unanimity, 
and George Clinton, Vice President. 

The early part of Mr. Jefferson's second adminstra- 
tion was disturbed by an event which threatened the 
tranquility and peace of the Union; this was tiie con- 
spiracy of Aaron Burr. Defeated in the late election 
to the Vice Presidency, and led on by an unprincipled 
ambition, this extraordinary man formed the plan of a 
military expedition intc the Spanish territories on our 
iouthwestern frontier, for the purpose of forming tliere 
a new republic. This has been generally supposed 
was a mere pretext ; and although it has not been 
generally known what his real plans were, there is no 
doubt that they were of a f;ir more dangerous 

In 1809, at the expiration of the second term for 
which Mr. Jefferson had been elected, he determined 
to retire from ix)litical life. For a period of nearly 
forty years, he had been continually before the pub- 
•ic, and all that time had been employed in offices of 
the greatest trust and responsibility. Having thus de- 
voted the best part of his life to the service of his 
country, he now felt desirous of that rest which his 
declining years required, and uiwn the organization of 
the new administration, in March, 1809, he bid fare- 
well forever to public life, and retired to Monticello. 

Mr. Jefferson was profuse in his hospitality. Whole 
families came in their coaches with their horses, — 
fathers and mothers, boys and girls, babies and 
nurses, — and remained three and even six months. 
Uife at Monticello, for years, resembled that at a 
fashionable watering-place. 

The fourth of July, 1826, being the fiftieth anniver- 

sary of the Declaration of American Independence, 
great preparations were made in every part of the 
Union for its celebration, as llie nation's jubilee, and 
the citizens of Washington, to add to the solemnity 
of the occasion, invited Mr. Jefferson, as the framer. 
and one of the few surviving signers of the Declara- 
tion, to participate in their festivities. But an ill- 
ness, wjiich had been of several weeks duration, and 
had been continually increasing, compelled him to 
decline the invitation. 

On the second of July, the disease under which 
he was laboring left him, but in such a reduced 
state that his medical attendants, entertained nc 
hope of his recovery. From this time he was perfectly 
sensible that his last hour was at hand. On the nex' 
d;iy, which was Monday, he asked of those around 
him, the day of the month, and on being told it was 
the third of July, he expressed the earnest wish tha'; 
he might be permitted to breathe the airof the fiftieth 
anniversary. His prayer was heard — that day, whose 
dawn was hailed with such rapture through our land, 
burst upon his eyes, and then they were closed for- 
ever. And what a noble consummation of a noble 
life ! To die on that day, — the birthday of a nation,- - 
the day v.'hich his own name and his own act had 
rendered glorious; to die amidst the rejoicings and 
festivities of a whole nation, who looked up to him, 
as the author, under God, of their greatest blessings, 
was all that was wanting to fill ui) the record his life. 

Almost at the same hour of his death, the kin- 
dred spirit of the venerable Adams, as if to bear 
him company, left the scene of his earthly honors. 
Hand in hand they had stood forth, tiie champions of 
freedom; hand in hand, during the dark and desper- 
ate struggle of the Revolution, they had cheered and 
animated their desponding countrymen; for half a 
century they had labored together for tiie good of 
the country; and now hand in hand they depart. 
In their lives they had been united in the same great 
cause of liberty, and in their deaths they were not 

In person Mr. Jefferson was tall and thin, rather 
above six feet in height, but well formed; his eyes 
were light, his hair originally red, in after life became 
white and silvery; his complexion was fair, his fore- 
head broad, and his whole coui^tenance intelligent and 
thoughtful. He possessed great fortitude of mind as 
well as personal courage; and ;.':s command of tem- 
per was such that his oldest and most intimate friends 
never recollected to have seen him in a passion. 
His manners, though dignified, were simple and un- 
affected, and his hospitality was so unbounded that 
all found at his house a ready welcome. In conver- 
sation he was fluent, eloquent and enthusiastic; and 
his language was remarkably pure and correct. He 
was a finished classical scholar, and in his writings is 
discernable the care with which he formed his style 
upon the best models of antiquity. 

^ CZA^ 

c, ^ 

^^-c^C^t <r-iv 




%: pri]ES npDisoi].«&t 


T^^p\J AMES MADISON, "Father 

^ of the Constitution," and fourth 

' President of the United States, 

>, 1 ICSllJ 

Y was 1) 

orn March i6, 1757, and 
5 died at his home in Virginia, 
•^ June 28, 1836. The name of 
lames Madison is inseparabl) con- 
nected with most of the im|)ortant 
events in that heroic period of our 
country during which the founda- 
tions of this great repubhc were 
laid. He was the last of the founders 
of the Constitution of the United 
States to be called to his eternal 

The Madison family were among 
the early emigrants to the New World, 
landing upon the shores of the Chesa- 
|)eake but 15 years after the settle- 
ment of Jamestown. The father of 
James Madison was an opulent 
planter, residing ujwn a very fine es- 
tate called " Montpelier," Orange Co., 
Va. The mansion was situated in 
the midst of scenery highly pictur- 
esque and romantic, on the west side 
of South-west Mountain, at the foot of 
Blue Ridge. It was but 25 miles from the home of 
Jefferson at Monticello. The closest |)ersonal and 
political attachment existed between these illustrious 
men, from their early youth until death. 

The early education of Mr. Madison was conducted 
mostly at home under a private tutor. At the age of 
18 he was sent to Princeton College, in New Jersey. 
Here he applied himself to study with the most im- 

jjrudent zeal; allowing himself, for months, but three 
hours' sleep out of tlie 24. His health thus became so 
seriously impaired that he never recovered any vigor 
of constitution. He ijraduated in 1771. with a feeble 
botiy, with a character of utmost purity, and with a 
mind highly disciplined and richly stored with learning 
which embellished and gave proficiency to his subsf 
tpient career. 

Returning to Virginia, he commenced the study of 
law and a course of extensive and systematic reading. 
This educational course, the spirit of the times in 
which he lived, and the society with wliich he asso- 
ciated, all combined to inspire him with a strong 
love of liberty, and to train him for his life-work ol 
a statesman. Being naturally of a religious turn of 
mind, and his frail health leading him to think that 
his life was not to be long, he diiected esjiecial atten- 
tion to theological studies. Endowed with a n^md 
singularly free from passion and |)rejudice, and with 
almost unecpialled powers of reasoning, he weighed 
all the arguments for and against revealed religion, 
until his faith became so established as never to 
be shaken. 

In the spring of 1776, when 26 years of age, he 
was elected a member of the V^irginia Convention, to 
frame the constitution of the State. The next year 
('777). 'le was a candidate for the General .Assembly. 
He refused to treat the wiiisky-lovir.g voters, and 
consequently lost his election ; but those who had 
witnessed the talent, energy and jjublic spirit of the 
modest young man, enlisted themselves in his behalf, 
and he was ap|xiinted to the Executive Council. 

Both Patrick Henry and Thomas Jefferson were 
Governors of Virginia while Mr. Madison remained 
member of the Council ; and their appreciation of hi» 



intellectual, social and moral worth, contributed not 
a little to his subsequent eminence. In the year 
1780, he was elected a member of the Continental 
Congress. Here he met the most illustrious men in 
our land, and he was immediately assigned to one of 
the most conspicuous positions among them. 

For three years Mr. Madison continued in Con- 
gress, one of its most active and influential members. 
In the year 1784, his term having expired, he was 
elected a member of the Virginia Legislature. 

No man felt more deeply than Mr. Madison the 
utter inefficiency of the old confederacy, with no na- 
tional government, with no power to form treaties 
which would be binding, or to enforce law. There 
was not any State more prominent than Virginia in 
the declaration, that an efficient national government 
must be formed. In January, 1786, Mr. Madison 
carried a resolution through the General Assembly of 
Virginia, inviting the other States to appoint commis- 
sioners to meet in convention at Annapolis to discuss 
this subject. Five States only were represented. The 
convention, however, issued another call, drawn up 
by Mr. Madison, urging all the States to send their 
delegates to Philadelphia, in May, 1787, to draft 
a Constitution for the United States, to take the place 
of that Confederate League. The delegates met at 
'he time appointed. Every State but Rhode Island 
"•vas represented. George Washington was chosen 
president of the convention; and the present Consti- 
tution of the United States was then and there formed. 
There was, perhaps, no mind and no pen more ac- 
tive in framing this immortal document than the mind 
and the pen of James Madison. 

The Constitution, adopted by a vote 81 to 79, was 
to be presented to the several States for acceptance. 
But grave solicitude was felt. Should it be rejected 
we should be left but a conglomeration of independent 
States, with but little [xiwer at home and little vespect 
abroad. Mr. Madison was selected by the conven- 
tion to draw up an address to the people of the United 
States, expounding the principles of the Constitution, 
and urging its adoption. There was great opposition 
to it at first, but it at length triumphed over all, and 
went into effect in 1789. 

Mr. Madison was elected to the House of Repre- 
sentatives in the first Congress, and soon became the 
avowed leader of the Republican party. While in 
New York attending Congress, he met Mrs. Todd, a 
young widow of remarkable [wwer of fascination, 
whom he married. She was in person and character 
queenly, and probably no lady hag thus far occupied 
so prominent a position in the verj' peculiar society 
which has constituted our republican court as Mrs. 

Mr. Madison served as Secretarj'of State under 
Jefferson, and at the close of his administiation 
was chosen President. At this time the encroach- 
ments of England had brought us to the verge of war. 

British orders in council destioyed our commerce, and 
our flag was exposed to constant insult. Mr. Madison 
was a man of peace. Scholarly in his taste, retiring 
in his disposition, war had no charms for him. But the 
meekest spirit can be roused. It makes one's blood 
boil, even now, to think of an American ship brought 
to, upon the ocean, by the guns of an English cruiser. 
A young lieutenant steps on board and orders the 
crew to be paraded before him. With great nonchal- 
ance he selects any number whom he may please to 
designate as British subjects; orders them down the 
ship's side into his boat; and places them on the gun- 
deck of his man-of-war, to fight, by compulsion, the 
battles of England. This right of search and im- 
pressment, no efforts of our Government could induce 
the British cabinet to relinquish. 

On the i8th of June, 1812, President Madison gave 
his approval to an act of Congress declaring war 
against Great Britain. Notwithstanding the bitter 
hostility of the Federal party to the war, the country 
in general approved; and Mr. Madison, on the 4th 
of March, 1 8 13, was re-elected by a large majority, 
and entered upon his second term of office. This is 
not the place to describe the various adventures of 
this war on the land and on the water. Our infan- 
navy then laid the foundations of its renown in grap- 
pling v.'iih the most formidable power which ever 
swept the seas. The contest commenced in earnest 
by the appearance of a British fleet, early in February, 
1813, in Chesapeake Bay, declaring nearly the whole 
coast of the United States under blockade. 

The Emperor of Russia offered his services as me 
dilator. America accepted ; England refused. A Brit- 
ish force of five thousand men landed on the banks 
of the Patuxet River, near its entrance into Chesa- 
peake Bay, and marched rapidly, by way of Bladens- 
Ijurg, upon Washington. 

The straggling little city of Washington was thrown 
into consternation. The cannon of the brief conflict 
at Bladensburg echoed through the streets of the 
metropolis. The whole population fled from the city. 
The President, leaving Mrs. Madison in the White 
House, with her carriage drawn up at the doer to 
await his speedy return, hurried to meet the officers 
in a council of war He met our troops utterly routed, 
and he could not go back without danger of, being 
captured. But few hours elapsed ere the Presidential 
Mansion, the Capitol, and all the public buildings in 
Washington were in flames. 

The war closed after two years of fighting, and on 
Feb. 13, 1815, the treaty of peace was signed at Ghent. 

On the 4th of March, 1817, his second term of 
office expired, and he resigned the Presidential chair 
to his friend, James Monroe. He retired to his beau- 
tiful home at Montpelier, and there passed the re- 
mainder of his days. On June 28, 1836, then at the 
age of 85 years, he fell asleep in death. Mrs. Madi- 
son died July 12, 1849. 


• » J( V'«S'3% . 

7 /^^ '^^ /i ^ c7^ 







;i^3JIII|ES ll]01]I^0E. «# 





AMES M(1NROK. the fifth 
President of The United Stales, 
was born in Westmoreland Co., 
Va., April 2S, 1758. His early 
life was passed at the place of 
nativity. His ancestors had for 
^ many years resided in the prov- 
ince in which he was l)orn. When, 
.It 17 years of age, in the process 
of completing his education at 

y.--h •{ William and Mary College, the Co- 
^JUf lonial Congress assembled at Phila- 
^^^ delphia to deliberate iii«n the un- 
just and manifold oppressions of 
Creat Hritian, declared the separa- 
tion of the Colonies, and promul- 
gated the Declaration of Indepen- 
dence. Had he been born ten years before it is highly 
probable that he would have been one of the signers 
of that celebrated instrument. At this time he left 
school and enlisted among the patriots. 

He joined the army when everything looked hope- 
less and gloo:ny. 'I'he number of deserters increased 
from day to day. The invading armies came i)oiiring 
in ; and the lories not only favored the cause of the 
mother country, but disheartened the new recruits, 
who were sufficiently terrified at the prospect of con- 
i;nding with an enemy whom they had been taught 
to deem invincible. To such brave spirits as James 
Monroe, who went right onward, undismayed through 
difficulty and danger, the United States owe their 
IKjlitical eniancii)ation. The young cadet joined the 
ranks, and esi«used the cause of his injured country, 
• with a firm determination to live or die with her strife 

for liberty. Firmly yet sadly he shared in the mel- 
ancholy retreat from Harlcain Heights and White 
Plains, and accompanied the dispirited army as it fled 
before its foes through New Jersey. In four months 
after the Declaration of Independence, the patriots 
had been beaten in seven battles. At the battle of 
'I'renton he led the vanguard, and, in the act of charg- 
ing uix)n tlie enemy he received a wound in the left 

As a reward for his bravery, Mr. Monroe was ])ro- 
moled a captain of infantry; and, having recovered 
from his wound, he rejoined the army. He, however, 
receded from the line of promotio.n, by becoming an 
officer in the staff of Ix)rd Sterling. During the cam- 
paigns of 1777 and 177S, in the actions of Brandy 
wine, Cermanlown and -Monmouth, he continued 
aid-de-canip; but becoming desirous to regain his 
position in the army, he exerted himself to collect a 
regiment for the Virginia line. This scheme failed 
owing to the exhausted condition of the State. L'lxjn 
this failure he entered the office of Mr. Jefferson, at 
that period Clovernor, and pursued, with considerable 
ardor, the study of common law. He did not, however, 
entirely lay aside the knapsack for the green bag; 
but on the invasions of the enemy, served as a-volun 
teer, during the two years of his legal pursuits. 

In 1782, he was elected from King Ceorge county, 
a member of tlie I.eglislature of Virginia, and by thai 
IxkIv he was elevated to a seat in the Executive 
Council. He was thus honored with the confidence 
of his fellow citizens at 23 years of age ; and having 
at this early period dis|)laycd some of that ability 
and aptitude for legisl.ition, whic h were afterward-; 
employed with unremitting energy forilu- public good, 



he was in the succeeding year chosen a member of 
the Congress of the United States. 
Deeply as Mr. Monroe felt the imperfections of the old 
Confederacy, he was opposed to the new Constitution, 
-.hinking, with many others of the Republican party, 
shat it gave too much power to the Central Government, 
and not enough to the individual States. Still he re- 
tained the esteem of his friends who were its wami 
supporters, and who, notwithstanding his opposition 
secured its adoption. In 1789, he became a member 
of the United States Senate ; which office he held for 
four years. Every month the line of distinction be- 
tween the two great parties which divided the nation, 
the Federal and the Republican, was growing more 
distinct. The two prominent iaeas which now sep- 
arated them were, that the Republican party was in 
sympathy with France, and also in favor of such a 
strict construction of tlie Constitution as to give the 
Central Government as little jxswer, and the State 
Governments as much [x)wer, as the Constitution would 
warrant. The Federalists sympathized with England, 
and were in favor of a liberal construction of the Con- 
stitution, which would give as much jxiwer to the 
Central Government as tiiat document could possibly 

The leading Federalists and Republicans were 
alike noble men, consecrating all their energies to the 
good of the nation. Two more honest men or more 
pure patriots than John Adams the Federalist, and 
James Monroe the Republican, never breathed. In 
tbuilding up this majestic nation, which is destined 
to eclipse all Grecian and Assyrian greatness, the com- 
'bination of their antagonism was needed to create the 
light equilibrium. And yet each in his day was de- 
nounced as almost a demon. 

Washington was tlien President. England had es- 
poused the cause of the Bourl)ons against the princi- 
ples of the French Revolution. All Europe was drawn 
into the conflict. We were feeble and far away. 
Washington issued a proclamation of neutrality be- 
tween these contending powers. France had helped 
us in the struggle for our liberties. All the despotisms 
of Europe were now combined to prevent the French 
from escaping from a tyranny a thousand-fold worse 
than that which we had endured Col. Monroe, more 
magnanimous than prudent, was anxious that, at 
whatever hazard, we should help our old allies in 
their extremity. It was the impulse of a generous 
and noble nature. He violently opposed the Pres- 
ident's proclamation as ungrateful and wanting in 

Washington, who could appreciate such a character, 
developed his calm, serene, almost divine greatness, 
by appointing that very James Monroe, who was de- 
nouncing the policy of the Government, as the minister 
of that Government to the Republic of France. Mr. 
Monroe was welcomed by the National Convention 
in France wita the most enthusiastic demonstiMions. 

Shortly after his return to this countrv, Mr. Mon- 
roe was elected Governor of Virginia, and held the 
office for three yeais. He was again sent to France to 
co-operate with Chancellor Livingston in obtaining 
the vast territory then known as the Province of 
Louisiana, which France had but shortly before ob- 
tained from Spain. Tneir united efforts were suc- 
cessful. For the comparatively small sum of fifteen 
millions of dollars, the entire territory of Orleans and 
district of Louisiana were added to the United States. 
This was probably the largest transfer of real estate 
which was ever made in all the history of the world 

From France Mr. Monroe went to England to ob- 
tain from that country some recognition of ou 
rights as neutrals, and to remonstrate against those 
odious impressments of our seamen. But Eng- 
land was unrelenting. He agam returned to Eng- 
land on the same mission, but could receive no 
redress. He returned to his home and was again 
chosen Governor of Virginia. This he soon resigned 
to accept the position of Secretary of State under 
Madison. White in this ofifice war with England was 
declared, the Secretary of War resigned, and during 
these trying times, the duties of the War Departmen 
were also put upon him. He was truly the armor- 
bearer of President Madison, and the most efficient 
business man in his cabinet. Upon the return of 
peace he resigned the Department of War, but con- 
tinued in the office of Secretary of State until the ex- 
piration of Mr. Madison's adminstration. At the elec- 
tion held the previous autumn Mr. Monroe himself had 
been chosen President with but little opposition, and 
upon March 4, 1817, was inaugurated. Four years 
later he was elected for a second term. 

Among the important measures of his Presidency 
were the cession of Florida to the United States; the 
Missouri Compromise, and the " Monroe doctrine.' 

This famous doctrine, since known as the " Monroe 
doctrine," was enunciated by him in 1823. .At tha^ 
time the United Stales had recognized the independ- 
ence of tlie .South American states, and did not wish 
to have Eurojiean ]X)wers longer attempting to sub 
due iwrtions of the American Continent. The doctrine 
is as follows: "That we should consider any attempt 
on the part of European powers to extend their sys- 
tem to any portion of this hemisphere as dangerous 
to our peace and safety," and "that we could not 
view any interposition for the purpose of oppressing 
or controlling American governments or provinces in 
any other light than as a manifestation by European 
]»wers of an unfriendly disposition toward the United 
States."' This doctrine immediately afTected the course 
of foreign governments, and has become the approved 
sendment of the United States. 

At the end of his fecond term Mr Monroe retired 
to his home in Virginia, where he lived until 1830 
when he went to New York to live with his son-in- 
law. In that city he died, on the 4th of July. -831. 

J. 5. Ai 






■» •* 

* r^ ~ 

jui^il u(iiU(.)V /lu/iiiis. 


--» — . .<> 




m) sixih President of the United 
|<9St,Ttes, was Iwrn in the rural 
y home of his honored father, 
. /' John Adams, in Quincy, Mass., 
on the I itli cf July, 1767. His 
mother, a woman of exahed 
worth, watclieii over liis childhood 
during the almost constant alj- 
sence of his father. When hut 
eight years of ?ge, he stood with 
his mother on an eminence, listen- 
ing to the hooiniug of the great bat- 
tle on Bunker's Hill, and gazing on 
iiljon the smoke and flames hillow- 
ing up from the conflagration of 

When but eleven years old he 
took ,1 tearful adieu of his mother, 
to sail with his fattier for Eurojie, 
through a fleet ol hostile British cruisers. The bright, 
..nim.iied boy spent a year and a half in I'aiis, where 
liis father was associated wjth Franklin and Lee as 
minister pleniix)tentiary. His intelligence attracted 
the notice of these distinguished men, and he received 
fmm them flattering m;irks of attention. 

Mr. John Adams liad scarcely returned to this 
cou.".try, in 1779, ere he was again sent abroad .Again 
t'ol.ii Quincy a( companied his father. At Paris he 
applied himself with great diligence, for six months, 
toj'udy; then accompained his father to Holland, 
vrhere he entered, first a school in .Amsterdam, then 
the University at I.eyden. .About a year from this 
time, in 1781, when the manly boy was but fourteen 
yea-s of age, he was selected i>y Mr. Dana, our min- 
ister to the Russian <ourt, as his private secretary. 

In this school of incessant lal)or and of enobling 
rulture he spent fourteen months, and then returned 
10 Holland Ihiough Sweden, Denmark, Hamburg and 
Bremen. This U ng journey he took alone, in the 
winter, when in his sixteenth year. Ayain he resimied 
ais studies, under a pri"ate tutor, at Hague. Thenre 

in the spring of 1782, he accompanied his father i: 
Paris, traveling leisurely, and forming acquaintanct 
with tile most distinguisiied men on the C'onlinei.t 
examining architectural remains, galleries of paintmgs 
and all renowned works of art. At Paris he agaii. 
became associated with the most illustrious men o( 
all lands in the contemplations of the loftiest temjxjral 
themes which < an engross the human mind. Afte 
a short visit to Kngland he returned to Paiis, ana 
consecrated all his energies to study until May, 1785, 
when he returned to .America. To a brilliant young 
man of eighteen, who had seen much of the world, 
and who was familiar with the eticiuette of courts, a 
residence with his father in London, under such cir- 
cumstances, must have been extremely attractive 
but with judgment very rare in one of his age, he pre- 
ferred to return to America to complete his education 
in an .American college. He wished then to study 
law, thai with an honorable profession, he might lie 
able to obtain an independent sup[X)rt. 

U[xjn leaving Harvard College, at the age of twenty- 
he studied law for three years. In June, 1794, be- 
ing then but twenty-seven years of "age, he was ap- 
IKjinted by Washington, resident minister at the 
Netherlands. Sailing from Boston in July, he reachea 
Ixindon in October, where he was immediately admit- 
ted to the deliberations of Messrs. Jay and Pinckney 
assisting them in negotiating a commercial treaty with 
(lieat Hriiian. After thus si)ending a fortnight i. 
Ix)ndon, he proceeded to the Hague. 

In July, 1797, he left the Hague to go to Portugal a- 
minister plenipotentiary. On his way to Portugal. 
up)n arriving in Ixjndon. lie met with despatches 
directing him to the court of Betiin, but re(piestin(; 
him to remain in London until he should receive his 
instructions. While waiting he was matried to a: 
American lady to whom he had been previously en- 
gaged, — Miss Louisa Catherine Johnson, daughte' 
of Mr. Joshua Johnson, American consul in I ondon 
a lady endownd with that beauty and liiose iccom- 
l>lishment which eminently fitted her to irovc- in tut 
elevated sphere for which she w»» v'xs'icerf 



He reached Berlin with his wife in November, 1797 ; 
where he remained until July, 1799, when, havingful- 
filled all the purjxises of his mission, he solicited his 

Soon after his return, in 1802, he was chosen to 
the Senate of Massachusetts, from Boston, and then 
was elected Senator of the United States for six years, 
from the 4th of March, 1804. His reputation, his 
ability and his experience, placed him immediately 
among the most prominent and influential members 
of that body. Especially did he sustain the Govern- 
ment in its measures of resistance to the encroach- 
ments of England, destroying our commerce and in- 
sulting our flag. There was no man in America more 
familiar with the arrogance of the British court upon 
these points, and no one more resolved to present 
a firm resistance. 

In 1809, Madison succeeded Jefferson in the Pres- 
idential chair, and he innnediately nominated John 
Quincy Adams minister to St. Petersburg. Resign- 
ing his professorship in Harvard College, he embarked 
at Boston, in August, 1809. 

While in Russia, Mr. Adams was an intense stu- 
dent. He devoted his attention to the language and 
history of Russia; to the Chinese trade; to the 
European system of weights, measures, and coins ; to 
the climate and astronomical observations ; while he 
Kept up a familiar acquaintance with the Greek and 
Latin classics. In all the universities of Europe, a 
more accomplished scholar could scarcely be found. 
All through life the Bible constituted an imixirtant 
ipart of his studies. It was his rule to read five 
■chapters every day. 

On the 4th of March, 18 17, Mr. Monroe took the 
Presidential chair, and immediately api)ointed Mr. 
Adams Secretary of State. Taking leave of his num- 
erous friends in public and private life iu Europe, he 
sailed in June, 1819, for the United States. On the 
1 8th of August, he again crossed the threshold of his 
home in Quincy. During the eight years of Mr. Mon- 
roe's administration, Mr, Adams continued Secretary 
of State. 

Some time before '.he close of Mr. Monroe's second 
term of office, new candidates began to be presented 
for the Presidency. The friends of Mr. Adams brought 
forward his name. It was an exciting campaign. 
Party spirit was never more bitter. Two hundred and 
sixty electoral votes were cast. Andrew Jackson re- 
ceived ninety-nine; John Quincy Adams, eighty-four; 
William H.Crawford, forty-one; Henry Clay, thirty- 
seven. As there was no choice by the people, the 
question went to the House of Representatives. Mr. 
Clay gave the vote of Kentucky to Mr. Adams, and 
he was elected. 

The friends of all the disappointed candidates now 
;ombined in a venomous and persistent assault upon 
Mr. Adams. There is nothing more disgraceful in 
*-b« past history of our country than the abuse which 

was poured in one uninterrupted stream, upon this 
high-minded, upright, patriotic man. There never was 
an administration more pure in principles, more con- 
scientiously devoted to the best interests of the coun- 
try, than that of John Quincy Adams ; and never, per- 
haps, was there an administration more unscrupu- 
lously and outrageously assailed. 

Mr. Adams was, to a very remarkable degree, ab- 
stemious and temperate in his habits; always rising 
early, and taking much exercise. When at his home in 
Quincy, he has been known to walk, before breakfast, 
seven miles to Boston. In Washington, it was t;aid 
that he was the first man up in the city, lighting his 
own fire and applying himself to work in his library 
often long before dawn. 

On the 4th of March, 1829, Mr. Adams retired 
from the Presidency, and was succeeded by Andrew 
Jackson. John C. Calhoun was elected Vice Presi- 
dent. The slavery question now began to assume 
lx)rtentous magnitude. Mr. Adams returned to 
Quincy and to his studies, which he pursued with un- 
abated zeal. But he was not long permitted to re- 
main in retirement. In November, 1830, he wa? 
elected representative to Congress. For seventeen 
years, until his death, he occupied the post as repre- 
sentative, towering above all his peers, ever ready to 
do brave battle' for freedom, and winning the title of 
"the old man eloquent." Upon taking his seat in 
the House, he announced that he should hold him- 
self bound to no party. Probably there never was a 
member more devoted to his duties. He was usually 
the first in his place in the morning, and the last to 
leave his seat in the evening. Not a measure could 
be brought forward and escape his scrutiny. 'I he 
battle which Mr. Adams fought, almost singly, against 
the proslavery party in the Government, was sublime 
in Its moral daring and heroism. For persisting in 
presenting petitions for the abolition of slavery, he 
was threatened with indictment by the grand jury 
with expulsion from the House, with assassination 
but no threats could intimidate him, and his final 
triumph was complete. 

It has been said of President Adams, that when his 

body was bent and his hair silvered by the lapse of 

I fourscore years, yielding to the simple faith of a little 

] child, he was accustomed to repeat every night, before 

he slept, the prajer which his mother taught him in 

his infant years. 

On the 2 ist of February, 1848, he rose on the floor 
of Congress, with a paper in his hand, to address the 
speaker. Suddenly he fell, again stricken by paraly 
sis, and was caught in the arms of those around him. 
For a time he was senseless, as he was conveyed to 
the sofa in the rotunda. With reviving conscious- 
ness, he opened his eyes, looked calmly around ai.d 
said " This is the endof earfh ;"\.\\tn after a moment's 
pause he add-jd, "/ a?)i amtent" These were the 
last words of the grand "Old Man Eloquent." 

<P^.-^ 7- 







-^«i^££;(i^^S-^i.*,.«t :^ 

A .\ p \\ E ^v: J A C I V S O X . 

^'C-itiii/S-^S-*^''"" ' 

•> so vent 

itli rrcsidenl of tlie 
L'nited States, was born in 
Waxhaw settlement, N. (;., 
March 15, 1767, a few days 
after liis father's death. His 
parents were ixwr emigrants 
from Ireland, and took up 
their abode in Waxhaw set- 
tlemeqt, where they lived in 
deepest ixjverty. 
Andrew, or Andy, as lie was 
universally calleil, grew up a very 
rough, rude, turbulent boy. His 
features were coarse, his form un- 
gainly, and there was but very 
little in his character, made visible, which was at- 

When only thirteen years old he joined the volun- 
teers of Carolina against the British invasion. In 
1781, he and his brother Robert were captured and 
imprisoned for a time at Camden. A British officer 
ordered him to brush his mud-spattered boots. " I am 
a prisoner of war, not your servant," was the reply of 
the dauntless boy. 

The brute drew his sword, and aimed a desperate 
Dlow at the head of the helpless young prisoner. 
Andrew raised his hand, and thus received two fear- 
ful gashes, — one on the hand and the other u|X)n the 
head. The officer then turned to his brother Robert 
with the same demand. He also refused, and re- 
ceived a Wow from the keen-edged sabre, which quite 
disabled him, and which probably soon after caused 
hisdeath. They suffered much other ill-treatment, and 
were finally stricken with the small-i)ox. Their 
mother was successf"! 'c. •I'.itaining their exchange. 

and took her sick boys home. .After a long illn.;s!. 
.Andrew recovered, and the de^th of his mother soon 
left him entirely friendless. 

.\ndrew supiMrted himself in various ways.sjchaa 
working at the saddler's trade, teaching school and 
clerking in a general store, until 1784, when he 
entered a law office at Salisbury, N. C. He, however, 
gave more attention to the wild amusements of the 
times than to his studies. In 1788, he was apiwinted 
solicitcr for the western district of North Carolina, 01 
which Tennessee was then a part. This involved 
many long and tedious journeys amid dangers of 
every kind, but .\ndrew Jackson never knew fear, 
and the Indians had no desire to repeat a skinnisb, 
witti the Sharp Knife. 

In 1791, Mr. Jackson was married to a woman who 
supposed herself divorced from her former husband. 
Great was the surprise of both parties, two years later, 
to find that the conditionsof the divorce had just been 
definitely settled by the first husband. The marriage 
ceremony was performed a second time, but the occur- 
rence was often used by his enemies to bring Mr. 
Jack%on into disfavor. 

During these years he worked hard at his profes 
sion, and frequently had one or more duels on hand, 
one of which, when he killed Dickenson, was espec- 
ially disgraceful. 

In January, 1796, the Territory of Tennessee then 
containing nearly eighty thousand inhabitants, the 
people met in convention at Knoxville to frame a con- 
stitution. Five were sent from each of the elev2n 
counties, .\ndre\v Jackson was i.<ne of the delega'es. 
The new State was entitled to i)ut one member iu 
the National House of Rei)resentatives. .Xndreiv Jaclc- 
son was< hosen that member. Mounting his horse he 
rode to Philedelphia, where Congress then held its 



sessions, — z. distance of about eight hundred miles. 

Jackson was an earnest advocate of the Demo- 
cratic party. Jefferson was his idol. He admired 
Bonaparte, loved France and liated England. As Mr. 
Jackson took his seat. Gen. Washington, whose 
second term of otifice was then e.xpiring, dehvered his 
last speech to Congress. A committee drew up a 
complimentary address in reply. Andrew Jackson 
did not approve of the address, and was one of the 
twelve who voted against it. He was not willing to 
say that Gen. Washington's adminstration had been 
" wise, firm and patriotic." 

Mr. Jackson was elected to the United States 
Senate in 1797, but soon resigned and returned home. 
Soon after he was chosen Judge of the Supreme Court 
of his State, which position he held for si.\ years. 

When the war of 181 2 with Great Britian com- 
menced, Madison occupied the Presidential chair. 
Aaron Burr sent word to the President that there was 
an unknown man in the West, Andrew Jackson, who 
would do credit to a commission if one were con- 
ferred uix)n him. Just at that time Gen. Jackson 
jffeied his services and those of twenty-five hundred 
volunteers. His offer was accepted, and the troops 
were assembled at Nashville. 

As the British were hourly expected to make an at- 
tack upon New Orleans, where Gen. Wilkinson was 
in command, he was ordered to descend the river 
■with fifteen hundred troops to aid Wilkinson. The 
expedition reached Natchez; and after a delay of sev- 
eral weeks there, without accomplishing anything, 
the men were ordered l)ack to their homes. But the 
energy Gen. Jackson had displayed, and his entire 
devotion to the comrfort of his soldiers, won him 
golden opinions ; and he became the most popular 
man in the State. It was in this expedition that his 
toughness gave him the nickname of " Old Hickory." 

Soon after this, while attempting to horsewhip Col. 
Thomas H. Benton, for a remark that gentleman 
made about his taking a part as second in a duel, in 
which a younger brother of Benton's was engaged, 
he received two severe pistol wounds. While he was 
lingering upon a bed of suffering news came that the 
Indians, who had combined under Tecumseh from 
Florida to the Lakes, to exterminate the white set- 
tlers, were committing the most awful ravages. De- 
cisive action became necessary. Gen. Jackson, with 
his fractured bone just beginning to heal, his arm in 
a sling, and unable to mount his horse without assis- 
tance, gave his amazing energies to the raising of an 
army to rendezvous at Fayettesville, .\labama. 

The Creek Indians had established a strong fort on 
one of the bendsof the Tallapoosa River, near the cen- 
ter of Alabama, about fifty miles below Fort Strother. 
With an army of two thousand men. Gen. Jackson 
traversed the pathless wilderness in a march of eleven 
days. He reached their fort, called Tohopeka or 
Horse-shoe, on the 27th of March. 1814. The bend 

of the river enclosed nearly one hauared acres o; 
tangled forest and wild ravine. Across the narrow 
neck the Indians'had constructed a formidable breast- 
work of logs and brush. .Here nine hundred warriors, 
with an ample suplyof arms were assembled. 

The fort was stormed. The fight was utterly des- 
perate. Not an Indian would accept of quarter. When 
bleeding and dying, they would fight those who en- 
deavored to spare their lives. From ten in the morn- 
ing until dark, the battle raged. The carnage was 
awful and revolting. Some threw themselves into the 
river; but the unerring bullet struck their heads as 
they swam. Nearly everyone of the nine hundred war- 
rios were killed K few probably, in the night, swam 
the river and escaped. This ended the war. The 
ixjwer of the Creeks was broken forever. This bold 
plunge into the wilderness, with itsterriffic slaughter, 
so appalled the savages, that the haggard remnants 
of the bands came to the camp, begging for peace. 

This closing of the Creek war enabled us to con- 
centrate all our militia ujxin the British, who were the 
allies of the Indians No man of less resolute will 
than (jen. Jackson could have conducted this Indian 
campaign to so successful an issue Immediately he 
was appointed major-general. 

Late in .August, with an army of two thousand 
men, on a rushing march, Gen. Jackson came to 
Mobile. A British fleet came from Pensacola, landed 
a force ujxjn the beach, anchored near the little fort, 
and from both ship and shore commenced a furious 
assault The battle was long and doubtful. At length 
one of the ships was blown up and the rest retired. 

Garrisoning Mobile, where he had taken his little 
army, he moved his troops to New Orleans, 
.\nd the battle of New Orleans which soon ensued, 
was in reality a very arduous campaign. This won 
for Gen. Jackson an imperishable name. Here his 
troops, which numbered about four thousand men, 
won a signal victory over the British army of about 
nine thousand. His loss was but thirteen, while the 
loss of the British was two thousand six hundred. 

The name of Gen. Jackson soon began to be men- 
tioned in connection with the Presidency, but, in 1824, 
he was defeated by Mr. Adams. He was, however, 
successful in the election of 1828, and was re-elected 
for a second term in 1832. In 1829, just before he 
assumed the reins of the government, he met with 
the most terrible affliction of his life in the death of 
his wife, whom he had loved with a devotion which has 
perhaps never been surpassed. From the shock of 
her death he never recovered. 

His administration was one of the most r.;cniorabie 
in the annals of our country; applaude/^ oy one party, 
condemned by the other. No man had more bitter 
enemies or warmer friends. At the expiration of his 
two terms of office he retired to the Hermitage, where 
he died June 8, 1845. The last years of Mr. Jack- 
son's life were that of a devoted ("liristian man. 

' ^ 7 yUCf ^yz 


cightli President of the 
United States, was Ixjrn at 
Kindcrhook, N. Y., Dec. 5, 
1782. He died at tlie same 
place, July 24, 1862. His 
body rests in the cemetery 
^^ at Kiiiderhook. Alxjve it is 
a plain granite shaft fifteen feet 
high, bearing a simple inscription 
about hall way up on one face. 
The lot is unfenced, unbordered 
or unbounded by slirub or flower. 

There is but little in the life of Martin Van lUiren 
of romantic interest. He fought no battles, engaged 
in no wild adventures. Though his life was stormy in 
political and intellectual conflicts, and he gained many 
signal victories, his days passed uneventful in those 
incidents which give zest to biography. His an- 
cestors, as his name indicates, were of Dutcli origin, 
and were among the earliest emigrants from Holland 
to the banks of the Hudson. His father was a farmer, 
residing in the old town of Kinderhook. His mother, 
also of Dutch lineage, was a woman of superior intel- 
ligence and exemplary piety. 

Ac was decidedly a precocious boy, developing un- 
usual activity, vigor and strength of mind. At the 
age of fourteen, he had finished his academic studies 
'.n his native village, and commenced the study of 
aw. As he bad not a collegiate education, seven 
years of study in a law-oflfice were re I'lired of iiini 
«)efore he could be admitted to the bar. Insjiired with 
u lofty ambition, and conscious of his |)Owers, he pur- 
sued his studies with indefatig.ible industry. After 
spending six yeir< in an office in ""ij native village. 

he went to the city of New York, and prosecuted his 
studies for the seventh year. 

In 1803, Mr. Van Buren, then twenty-one years ol 
age, commenced the practice of law in his native vil- 
lage. The great conflict between the Federal .niid 
Rci)ublican party was then at its height. Mr. \an 
Buren was from the beginning a [lolitician. He had, 
perhaps, imbibed that spirit while listening to the 
many discussions which had been carried on in his 
father's hotel. He was in cordial sympathy with 
Jefferson, and earnestly and eloquently esixjused the 
cause of State Rights; though at that time the Fed- 
eral party held the supremacy both in his towt\ 
and State. 

His success and increasing ruputation led him 
after six years of practice, to remove to Hudson, th. 
county seat of his county. Here he si)ent seven years, 
constantly gaining strength by contending in th* 
courts with some of the ablest men who have adorned 
the bar of his State. 

Just before leaving Kinderhook for Hudson, Mr. 
Van Buren married a lady alike distinguished for 
beauty and accomplishments. .After twelve sliort 
years she sank into the grave, the victim of consump. 
tion, leaving her husband and four sons to weep over 
her loss. For twenty-five years, Mr. Van Buren was- 
an earnest, successful, assiduous lawyer. The recora 
of those years is barren in items of public interest. 
In rSr 2, when thirty years of age, he was chosen to 
the State Senate, and nave his strenuous supixjrt to 
Mr. Madison's adminstration. In r8r5, he was ap- 
ixjinted .Attorney-Cieneral, and the next year moved 
to Albany, the of the State. 

'.Vhile he was acknovv'ledged as one of the most 
p. eminent leaders of the Democratic party, he had 



the moral courage to avow that true democracy did 
not require that '' universal suffrage" which admits 
the vile, the degraded, the ignorant, to the right of 
governing the State. In true consistency with his 
democratic principles, he contended that, while the 
path leading to the privilege of voting should be open 
to every man without distinction, no one should be 
invested with that sacred prerogative, unless he were 
in some degree qualified for it by intelligence, virtue 
and some property interests in the welfare of the 

].n 1821 he was elected ;. member of the United 
States Senate; and in the same year, he took a seat 
in the convention to revise the constitution of his 
native State. His course in thii convention secured 
the approval of men of all parties. No one could 
doubt the singleness of his endeavors to promote the 
interests of all classes in the community. In the 
Senate of the United States, he rose at once to a 
-.onspicuous position as anactive and useful legislator. 

In 1827, John Quincy Adams being then in the 
Vresidential chair, Mr. Van Buren was re-elected to 
ihe Senate. He had been from the beginning a de- 
termined opposer of the Administration, adopting the 
"State Rights " view in opposition to what was 
leemed the Federal proclivities of Mr. Adams. 

Soon after this, in 1828, he was chosen Governorof 
the State of New York, and accordingly resigned his 
leat in the Senate. Probably no one in the United 
States contributed so much towards ejecting John Q. 
\dams from the Presidential chair, and placing in it 
Andrew Jackson, as did Martin Van Buren. Whether 
entitled to the reputation or not, he certainly was re- 
garded throughout the United States as one of the 
most skillful, sagacious and cunning of politicians. 
It was supposed that no one knew so well as he how 
to touch the secret spiings of action; how to pull all 
ihe wires to put his machinery in motion; and how to 
organize a political army which would, secretly and 
stealthily accomplish the most gigantic results. By 
these powers it is said tliat he outv/itted Mr. Adams, 
Mr. Clay, Mr. Webster, and secured results which 
few thought then could be accomplished. 

When Andrew Jackson was elected President he 
apix>inted Mr. Van Buren Secretary of State. This 
position he resigned in 1831, and was immediately 
appointed Minister to England, where he went the 
same autumn. The Senate, however, when it met, 
refused to ratify the nomination^ and he returned 

home, apparently untroubled; was nominated Vice 
President in the place of Calhoun, at the re-election 
of President Jackson ; and with smiles for all and 
fiowns for none, he took his place at the head of tliat 
Senate wliich lud refused to confirm his nomination 
as ambassador. 

His rejection by the Senate roused all the zeal of 
President Jackson in behalf of his repudiated favor- 
ite ; and this, probably more than any other cause, 
secured his elevation to the chair of the Chief Execu 
tive. On the 20th of May, 1836, Mr. Van Buren re- 
ceived the Democratic nomination to succeed Gen. 
Jackson as President of the United States. He was 
elected by a handsome majority, to the delight of the 
retiring President. " Leaving New York out of the 
canvass," says Mr. Parton, "the election of Mr. Van 
Buren to the Presidency was as much the act of Gen. 
Jackson as though the Constitution had conferred 
upon him the power to appoint a successor." 

His administration was filled with exciting events. 
The insurrection in Canada, which threatened to in- 
volve this country in war witli England, the agitation 
of the slavery question, and finally the great commer- 
cial panic wliich spread over the country, all were 
trials to his wisdom. The financial distress was at- 
tributed to the management of the Democratic party, 
and brought the President into such disfavor that he 
failed of re election. 

^Vith the exception of being nominated for the 
Presidency by the "Free Soil" Democrats, in 1848, 
Mr. Van Buren lived quietly upon his estate until 
his death. 

He had ever been a prudent man, of frugal habits, 
and living within his income, had now fortunately a 
competence for his declining years. His unblemished 
character, his commanding abilities, his unquestioned 
patriotism, ard the distinguished positions which he 
had occu[)ied in the government of our country, se- 
cured to him not only the homage of his party, but 
the respect ot the whole community. It was on the 
4th of March, 1841, that Mr. Van Buren retired from 
the presidency. From his fine estate at Lindenwald, 
he still exerted a powerful influence upon the politics 
of the country. From this time until his death, on 
the 24th of July, 1862, at the age of eighty years, he 
resided at Lindenwald, a gentleman of leisure, of 
culture and of wealth; enjoying in a healthy old 
age, probably far more liappiness than he had before 
experienced amid the stormv scenes of his active life. 


/i": M ;^^W7.^ 




SON, the iiinlli President ot 
tlie L'nited States, was Iwrn 
at Berkeley, Va., Feb. 9, 1773. 
His father, Beiijainiii Harri- 
son, was in connjaratively op- 
' ulent circumstances, and was 
one of the most distinguished 
men of his day. He was an 
iniimate friend of George 
AN'ashington, was early elected 
a member of the Continental 
Congress, and was conspicuous 
among the patriots of Virginia in 
resisting the encroachmentsof the 
British crown. In the celebrated 
Congress of 1775, Benjamin Har- 
rison and John Hancock were 
both candidates for the office of 

Mr Harrison was subsequently 
chosen Governor of Virginia, and 
was twice re-elected. His son, 
i William Henry, of course enjoyed 

in childhood all the advantages which wealth and 
intellectual and cultivated society could give. Hav- 
ing received a thorough comuion-school education, he 
entered Ham|)den Sidney College, where he graduated 
with honor soor. ifter the death of his father. He 
ihen repaired to Philadelphia tostudy medicine under 
the instructions of Dr. Rush and the guardianship of 
Robert Morris, Ijoth of whom were, with his father, 
Mgners of the Declaration of Independence. 

\j\yo\\ the outbreak of the Indian troubles, and not- 
withstanding the 'emonstrances of his friends, he 
abandoned his medical studies and entered the army, 
.laving obtained a comiiiission of Ensign from Presi- 

dent Washington. He was then but 19 years old 
From that time he i)assed gradually upward in rank 
until he became aid to General Wayne, after whose 
death he resigned hi« commission. He was then a|>- 
pointed .Secretary of the North-western Territory. This 
Territory was then entitled to but one member in 
Congress and Capt. Harrison was chosen to fill that 

In the spring of 1800 the North-western Territory 
was divided by Congress into two portions. The 
eastern [xjrtion, comprising the region now embraced 
in the State of Ohio, was called '" The Territory 
north-west of the Ohio." The western jwriion, which 
included what is now called Indiana, Illinois and 
Wisconsin, was called the "Indiana Territory." Wil 
liani Henry Harrison, then 27 years of age, was ap 
pointed by John Adams, Governor of the Indiana 
Territory, and immediately after, also Governor of 
Upper Ix>uisiana. He was thus ruler over almost as 
extensive a realm as any sovereign ujwn the globe. He 
was Superintenilent of Indian Affairs, and was in- 
vested with jwwers nearly dictatorial over the new 
rapidly increasing white [xjpulation. The ability and 
fidelity with which he discharged these resiwnsiUe 
duties may be inferred from the fact that he was four 
times apixjiilted to tiiis office — first by John .Adams, 
twice by Thomas Jefferson and afterwards by Presi- 
dent Madison. 

When he began his adminstration there were but 
three white settlements in that almost lioundless region, 
now crowded with cities and resounding with all the 
tumult of wealth and traffic. Oncof these settlements 
was on the Ohio, nearly opposite Ix)uisvillc; one at 
Vincennes, on the Wabash, and the third a French 

The vast wilderness over which Gov. Harrisou 
reigned was filled with many tribes of Indians. Abou' 


5 = 


the year 1806, two extraordinary men, twin brothers, 
of the Shawnese tribe, rose among them. One of 
these was called Tecumseh, or " The Crouching 
Panther;" the other, OUiwacheca, or "The Prophet." 
Tecumseh was not only an Indian warrior, but a man 
of great sagacity, far-reaching foresight and indomit- 
able perseverance in any enterprise in which he might 
engage. He was inspired with the highest enthusiasm, 
anil had long regarded with dread and with hatred 
the encroachment of the whites upon the hunting- 
grounds of his fathers. His brother, the Prophet, was 
an orator, who could sway the feelings of the untutored 
Indian as the gale tossed the tree-tops beneath which 
they dwelt. 

But the Prophet was not merely an orator: he was, 
in the superstitious minds of the Indians, invested 
with the superhuman dignity of a medicine-man or a 
magician. With an enthusiasm unsurpassed by Peter 
the Hermit rousing Europe to the crusades, he went 
from tribe to tribe, assuming that he was specially sent 
by the Great Spirit. 

Gov. Harrison made many attempts to conciliate 
the Indians, but at last the war came, and at Tippe- 
canoe the Indians were routed with great slaughter. 
October 28, r8i2, his army began its inarch. When 
near the Prophet's town three Indians of rank made 
their appearance and inquired why Gov. Harrison was 
aporoaching them in so hostile an attitude. After a 
short conference, arrangements were made for a meet- 
ing the next day, to agree upon terms of peace. 

But Gov. Harrison was too well acquainted with 
the Indian character to be deceived by such protes- 
tations Selecting a favorable spot for his night's en- 
campment, he took every precaution against surprise 
His troops were posted in a hollow square, and slept 
ipon their arms. 

The troops threw themselves upon the ground for 
rest; but every man had his accourtrements on, his 
loaded musket by his side, and his bayonet fixed. The 
wakeful Governor, between three and four o'clock in 
the morning, had risen, and was sitting in conversa- 
tion with his aids by the embers of a waning fire. It 
ivas a chill, cloudy morning with a drizzling rain. In 
the darkness, the Indians had crept as near as possi- 
ble, and j'lst then, with a savage yell, rushed, with all 
the desperation which superstition and passion most 
highly inflamed could give, upon the left flank of the 
little army. The savages had been amply provided 
with guns and ammunition by the English. Their 
war-whoop was accom pained by a shower of bullets. 

The camp-fires were instantly extinguished, as the 
light aided the Indians in their aim. With hide- 
pus yells, the Indian bands rushed on, not doubting a 
speedy and an entire victory. But Gen. Harrison's 
troops stood as immovable as the rocks around them 
until day dawned : they then made a simultaneous 
charge with the bayonet, and swept every thing be- 
fore them, and completely routing thf" foe. 

Gov. Harrison now had all his energies tasked 
to the utmost. The British desceiiding from the Can ■ 
adas, were of themselves a very formidable force ; but 
with their savage allies, rushing like wolves I'rom the 
forest, searching out every remote farm-house, burn- 
ing, plundering, scalping, torturing, the wide frontier 
was plunged into a state of consternation which even 
the most vivid imagination can but faintly conceive. 
The war-whoop was resounding everywhere in the 
forest. The horizon was illuminated with the conflagra- 
tion of the cabins of the settlers. Gen Hull had made 
the ignominious surrender of his forces at Detroit. 
Under these despairing circumstances. Gov. Harrison 
was appointed by President Madison commander-in- 
chief of the North-western army', with orders to retake 
Detroit, and to protect the frontiers. 

It would be difficult to place a man in a situation 
demanding more energy, sagacity and courage; but 
General Harrison was found equal to the position, 
and nobly and triumphantly did he meet all the re 

He won the love of his soldiers by always sharinji 
with them their fatigue. His whole baggage, whik 
pursuing the foe up the Thames, was carried in a 
valise; and his bedding consisted of a single blanket 
lashed over his saddle Thirty-five British officers, 
his prisoners of war, supped with him after the battle. 
The only fare he could give them was beef roasted 
before the fire, without bread or salt. 

In 1816, Gen. Harrison was chosen a member of 
the National House of Representatives, to represent 
the District of Ohio. In Congress he proved an 
active member; and whenever he spoke, it was with 
force of reason and power of eloquence, which arrested 
the attention of all the members. 

In 1 819. Harrison was elected to the Senate of 
Ohio; and in 1824, as one of the presidential electors 
of that State, he gave his vote for Henry Clay. The 
same year he was chosen to the United States Senate. 

In 1836, the friends of Gen. Harrison brought hini 
forward as a candidate for the Presidency against 
Van Biiren, but he was defeated. At the close of 
Mr. Van Buren's term, he was re-nomirated by his 
party, and Mr. Harrison was unanimously nominated 
by the Whigs, with John Tyler forthe Vice Presidency. 
The contest was very animated. Gen Jackson gave 
all his influence to prevent Harrison's election ; but 
his triumph was signal. 

The cabinet which he formed, with Daniel Webstei 
at its head as Secretary of State, was one of the most 
brilliant with which anv President had ever befii 
surrounded. Never were the prospects of an admin- 
istration more flattering, or the hopes of the country 
more sanguine. In the midst of these briglit and 
joyous prospects. Gen. Harrison was seized by a 
pleurisv-fever and after a few days of violent sick- 
ness, died on the 4tli of .April ; just one month after 
his inauguration as President of the United States, 



^ J01[^Tyi.l^ii 

^j OHN TYLER, the tenth 
'l,i. I'residentoflhe United States. 
y^i He was born in Charles-city 
/5 Co., Va., March 29, 1790. He 
F7?;SvB was the favored child of af- 
^i ' fluence and high social po- 
sition. At the early age of 
twelve, John entered William 
and Mary College and grad- 
uated with much honor when 
but seventeen years old. After 
graduating, he devoted him- 
self with great assiduity to the 
study of law, partly with his 
father and partly with Edmund 
Randolph, one of the most distin- 
guished lawyers of ^'irginia. 

At nineteen years of age, ne 
commenced the practice of law. 
His success was rapid and aston- 
ishing. It is said that three 
months had not elapsed ere there 
was scarcely a case on the dock- 
I et of the court in which he was 

I. « retained. When but twenty -one years of age, he 
was almost unanimously elected to a seat in the State 
Legislature. He connected himself with the Demo- 
cratic party, and warmly advocated the measures of 
Jefferson and Madison. For five successive years he 
was elected to the Legislature, receiving nearly the 
imanimous vote or his county. 

When but twenty-six years of age, he was elected 
a member of Congress. Here he acted earnestly and 
ably wiih tjic democratic party, o['|X)sing a national 
bank, inte'"--! improvements by the General <<>vsrn- 

ment, a jirotective tariff, and advocating a strict con- 
struction of the Constitution, and the most careful 

I vigilance over State rights. His labors in Congress 
were so arduous that before the close of his second 
term he foinid it necessary to resign and retire to his 

I estate in Charles-city Co., to recruit his health. He, 

I however, soon after consented to take his seat in the 
State Legislature, where his influence was jxjwerful 

i in promoting ]>ublic works of great utility. With a 
reputation thus canstantly increasing, he was chosen 
by a very large majority of votes. Governor of his 
native State. His administration was signally a suc- 
cessful one. His [wpularity secured his re-election. 
John Randolph, a brilliant, erratic, half-crazed 
man, thtn represented Virginia in the Senate of the 
United States. \ ixirtion of the Democratic party 
was displeased with Mr. Randolph's wayward course, 
and brought forward John Tyler as his op|K)nent, 
considering him the only man in Virginia of sufficient 
[wpularity to succeed against the renowned orator of 
Roanoke. Mr. Tjler was the victor. 

In accordance with his professions, upon taking his 
seat in the Senate, he joined the ranks of the opposi- 
tion. He op|X)sed the tariff; he sjwke against and 
voted against the bank as unconstitutional ; he stren- 
uously opposed all restrictions uiwn slavery, resist- 
ing all projects of internal improvements by the Gen- 
eral Government, and avowed his sympathy with Mr. 
Calhoun's view of nullification ; he declared that tlen. 
Jackson, by his oi>i<)sition to the nullifiers, had 
abandoned the principles of the Democratic party. 
Such was Mr. Tyler's record in Congress, — a record 
in i)erfect accordance with tlie principles which he 
had always avowed. 

Returning to \'irginia, he resumed tlu' practice of 
his profession. There was a ri)l:t in the Democr;iti«- 


/.arty. His friends still regarded him as a true Jef- 
fersonian, gave him a dinner, and showered compli- 
_nieats upon him. He had now attained the age of 
forty-six. His career had been very brilliant. In con- 
sequence of his devotion to public business, his pri- 
vate affairs had fallen into some disorder; and it was 
not without satisfaction that he resumed the practice 
of law, and devoted himself to the culture of his plan- 
tation. Soon after this he removed to Williamsburg, 
for the better education of his children ; and he again 
took his seat in the Legi^^lature of Virginia. 

By the Southern Whigs, he was sent to the national 
convention at Harrisburg to nominate a President in 
7,839. rhe majority of votes were given to Gen. Har- 
rison, a genuine Whig, much to the disappointment of 
ttie South, who wished for Henry Clay. To concili- 
ate the Southern Whigs and to secure their vote, the 
convention then nominated John Tyler for Vice Pres- 
ident. It was well known that he was not in syiiipa- 
thy with the Whig party in the NoUh: but the Vice 
President has but very little power in the Govern- 
ment, his main and almost only duty being to pre- 
side over the meetings of the Senate. Thus it hap- 
pened that a Whig President, and, in reality, a 
Democratic Vice President were chosen. 

In 1 84 1, Mr. Tyler was inaugurated Vice Presi- 
dent of the United States. In one short month from 
that time. President Harrison died, and Mr. Tyler 
thus .cund himself, to his own surprise and that of 
the whole Nation, an occupant of the Presidential 
chair. This was a new test of the stability of our 
institutions, as it was the first time in the history of our 
country that such an event had occured. Mr. Tyler 
was at home in Williamsburg when he received the 
unexpected tidings of the death of President Harri- 
son. He hastened to Washington, and on the 6th of 
A7ril was inaugurated to the high and responsible 
office. He was placed in a position of exceeding 
delicacy and difficulty. All his longlife he had been 
opposed tc the main principles of the party which had 
brought him into power. He had ever been a con- 
■iistent, honest man, with an unblemished record. 
Gen. Harrison had selected a Whig cabinet. Should 
he retain them, and thus surround himself with coun- 
sellors whose views were antagonistic to his own.' or, 
on the other hand, should he turn against the party 
which had elected him and select a cabinet in har- 
mony with himself, and which would oppose all those 
views which the Whigs deemed essential to the pub- 
lic welfare? This was his fearful dilemma. He in- 
vited the cabinet which President Haiaison had 
selected to retain their seats. He reccomm^nded a 
day of fasting and prayer, that God would guide and 
bless us. 

The Whigs carried through Congress a bill for the 
incorporation of a fiscal bank of the United States. 
The President, after ten days' delay, returned it with 
his veto. He suggested, however, that he would 

approve of a bill drawn up upon such a plan as he 
proposed. Such a bill was accordingly prepared, and 
privately submitted to him. He ga\e it his approval 
It was passed without alteration, and he sent it back 
with his veto. Here commenced the open rupture. 
It is said that Mr. Tyler was provoked to this meas- 
ure by a published letter from the Hon. John M. 
Botts, a distinguished Virginia Whig, who severely 
touched the pride of the President. 

The opposition now exultingly received the Presi- 
dent into their arms. The party which elected him 
denounced him bitterly. AH the members of his 
cabinet, e.Kcepting Mr. Webster, resigned. The Whigs 
of Congress, both the Senate and the House, held a 
meeting and issued an address to the people of the 
United States, proclaiming that all political alliance 
between the \V higs and President Tyler were at 
an end. 

Still the President attempted to conciliate. He 
appointed a new cabinet of distinguished Whigs and 
Conservatives, carefully leaving out all strong party 
men. Mr. Webster soon found it necessary to resign, 
forced out by the pressure of his Whig friends. Thus 
the four years of Mr. Tyler's unfortunate administra- 
tion passed sadly away. No one was satisfied. The 
land was filled with murmurs and vituperation. \Miigs 
and Democrats alike assailed him. More and more, 
however, he brought himself into sympathy with his 
old friends, the Democrats, until at the close of his term, 
he gave his whole influence to the support of Mr. 
Polk, the Democratie candidate for his successor. 

On the 4th of March, 1845, he retired from the 
harassments of office, to the regret of neither party, and 
probably to his own unspeakable lelief His first wife, 
Miss Letitia Christian, died in Washington, in 1842; 
and in June, 1844, President Tyler wasagain married, 
at New York, to Miss Julia Gardiner, a young lady of 
many personal and intellectual accomplishments. 

The remainder of his days Mr. Tyler passed mainly 
in retirement at his beautiful home, — Sherwood For- 
est, Charles city Co., Va. A polished gentleman in 
his manners, richly furnished with information from 
books and experience in the world, and possessing 
brilliant powers of conversation, his family circle was 
the scene of unusual attractions. Witli sufficient 
moans for the exercise of a generous hospitality, he 
might have enjoyed a serene old age with the few 
friends who gathered around him, were it not for the 
storms of civil war which his own principles and 
policy had helped to introduce. 

When the great Rebellion rose, which the State- 
rights and nullifying doctrines of Mr. John C. Cal- 
houn had inaugurated. President Tyler renounced his 
allegiance to the United States, and joined the Confed- 
erates He was chosen a member of their Congress; 
and while engaged in active measures to destroy, by 
force of arms, 'he Government over which he had 
once presided, he was takeri sick and soon died. 





M I 

.7AA1 i;^ K. PDT/II. 



^^ AMES K.POLK, the eleventh 

h..:i, I 'resident of tlie L'nited States, 

IS Ixirn in Mecklenburg Co., 

J N. C.N'ov. 2, 1795. His par- 

;_>, ents were Samuel and Jane 

(Knox) Polk, the former a son 

of Col. Thomas Polk, who located 

I at the above i)lace, as one of the 

I first pioneers, in 1735. 

In the year 1S06, with his wife 
and children, and soon after fol- 
lowed by most of the members of 
the Polk famly, Samuel Polk emi- 
grated some two or three hundred 
miles farther west, to the rich valley 
of the Duck River. Here in the 
midst of the wilderness, in a region 
which was subsequently called Mau- 
ry Co., they reared their loi; huls, 
and established their homes. In the 
hard toil of a new farm in the wil- 
derness, James K. Polk spent the 
early years of his childhood and 
youth. His father, adding the pur- 
suit of a surveyor to that of a farmer, 
' gradually increased in wealth until 
he became one of the leading men of the region. His 
mother was a sui>erior woman, of strong common 
sense and earnest piety. 

Very early in life, James develoiied a taste for 
reading and e.xpressed the strongest desire to obtain 
a liberal education. His mother's training had made 
him methodical in his habits, had taught him punct- 
uality and industry, and had inspired him with lofty 
principles of morality. His health was frail ; and his 
tather, fearing that he mightnot be able to endure a 

sedentar)' life, got a situation for him behind the 
counter, hojiing to fit him for commercial pursuits. 

This was to James a bitter disappointment. H« 
had no taste for these duties, and his daily tasks 
were irksome in the extreme. He remained in this 
uncongenial occupation but a few weeks, when at his 
earnest solicitation his father removed hiai, and made 
arrangements for him to prosecute his studies. Soon 
after he sent him to Murfreesboro Academy. With 
ardor which could scarcely be surpassed, he pressed 
forward in his studies, and in less than two and a half 
years, in tiie autumn of 1815, entered the sophomore 
class in the University of North Carolina, at Chapel 
Hill. Here he was one of the most exemplary of 
scholars, punctual in every exercise, never allowing 
himself to be absent from a recitation or a religious 

He graduated in 1818, with the highest honors, be- 
ing deemed the best scholar of his class, Iwlh in 
mathematics and the classics. He was then twenty- 
three years of age. Mr. Polk's health was at this 
time much imi)aired by the assiduity with which he 
had prosecuted his studies. After a short season of 
relaxation he went to Xashville, and entered the 
office of Felix Cirundy, to study law. Here Mr. Polk 
renewed his acquaintance with Andrew Jackson, who 
resided on his plantation, the Hermitage, but a few 
miles from Nashville. They had probably been 
slightly acquainted before. 

Mr. Polk's father was a JefTersonian Republican, 
and James K. Polk ever adhered to the same |X)Iiti- 
cal faith. He was a popular public speaker, and was 
constantly called u])on to address the ineetings of his 
party friends. His skill as a speaker was such that 
he was jwiiulatly called the Nai>oleon of the stumi>. 
He was a man of unblemished morals, genial and 



courterus in his bearing, and with that sympathetic 
natui-e in the jo) s and griefs of others which ever gave 
him troops of friends. In 1823, Mr. Polk was elected 
to the Legislature of Tennessee. Here he gave his 
strong influence towards the election of his friend, 
Mr. Jackson, to the Presidency of the United States. 

In January, 1824, Mr. Polk married Miss Sarah 
Childress, of Rutherford Co., Tenn. His bride was 
altogether worthy of him, — a lady of beauty and cul- 
ture. In the fall of 1825, Mr. Polk was chosen a 
member of Congress. The satisfaction which he gave 
to his constituents may be inferred from the fact, that 
for fourteen successive years, until 1839, he was con- 
tinueC in that office. He then voluntarily withdrew, 
only that he might accept the Gubernatorial chair 
of T<^nnessee. In Congress he was a laborious 
meniSer, a frequent and a popular speaker. He was 
alwDys in his seat, always courteous ; and whenever 
he spoke it was always to the point, and without any 
ambitious rhetorical display. 

During five sessions of Congress, Mr. Polk was 
Speaker of the House Strong passions were roused, 
and stormy scenes were witnessed ; but Mr Polk per- 
formed his arduous duties to a very general satisfac- 
tion, and a unanimous vote of thanks to him was 
passed by the House as he withdrew on the 4th of 
March, 1839. 

In accordance with Southern usage, Mr. Polk, as a 
candidate for Governor, canvassed the State. He was 
elected by a large majority, and on the 14th of Octo- 
ber, 1839,100k the oath of office at Nashville. In 1841, 
his term of office expired, and he was again the can- 
didate of the Democratic party, but was defeated. 

On the 4thof Marcii, 1845, Mr. Polk was inaugur- 
ated President of the United States. The verdict of 
the countryin favor of the annexation of Texas, exerted 
its influence upon Congress ; and tlie last act of the 
administration of President Tyler was to affix his sig- 
nature to a joint resolution of Congress, passed on the 
3d of March, approving of the annexation of Texas to 
the American Union. As Mexico still claimed Texas 
as one of her provinces, tlie Mexican minister, 
Almonte, immediately demanded his passports and 
left the country, declaring the act of the annexation 
to be an act hostile to Mexico. 

In his first message. President Polk urged that 
Texas should immediately, by act of Congress, be re- 
ceived into the Union on the same footing with the 
Other States. In the meantime, Gen. Taylor was sent 

with an army into Texas to hold the country. He was 
sent first to Nueces, which the Mexicans said was the 
western boundary of Texas. Then he was sent pearly 
two hundred miles further west, to the Rio Grande, 
where he erected batteries which commanded the 
Mexican city of Matamoras, which was situated on 
the western banks. 

The anticipated collision soon took place, and wai 
was declared against Mexico by President Polk. The 
war was pushed forward by Mr. Polk's administration 
with great vigor. Gen. Taylor, whose army was first 
called one of " observation," then of " occupation,' 
then of " invasion," was sent forward to Monterey. The 
feeble Mexicans, in every encounter, were hopelessly 
and awfully slaughtered. The day of judgement 
alone can reveal the misery which this war caused. 
It v/as by the ingenuity of Mr. Polk's administration 
that the war was brought on. 

'To the victors belong the spoils." Mexico was 
prostrate before us. Her capital was in our hands. 
We now consented to peace upon the condition that 
Mexico should surrender to us, in addition to Texas, 
all of New Mexico, and all of Upper and Lower Cal- 
ifornia. This new demand embraced, exclusive of 
Texas, eight hundred thousand square miles. This 
was an extent of territory equal to nine States of the 
size of New York. Thus slavery was securing eighteen 
majestic States to be added to the Union. There were 
some Americans who thought it all right : there were 
others who thought it all wrong. In the prosecution 
of this war, we expended twenty thousand lives and 
more than a hundred million of dollars. Of this 
money fifteen millions were paid to Mexico. 

On the 3d of March, 1849, Mr. Polk retired from 
office, having served one term. The next day was 
Sunday. On the 5th, Gen. Taylor was inaugurated 
as his successor. Mr Polk rode to the Capitol in the 
same carriage with Gen. Taylor; and the same even- 
ing, with Mrs. Polk, he commenced his return to 
Tennessee. He was then but fifty-four years of age. 
He had ever been strictly temperate in all his habits, 
and his health was good With an ample fortune, 
a choice library, a cultivated mind, and domestic ties 
of tlie dearest nature, it seemed as though long years 
of tranquility and happiness were before him. But the 
cholera — that fearful scourge — was then sweeping up 
tlie Valley of the Mississippi. This he contracted, 
and died on the 15th of June, 1849, in the fiftv-fourth 
year of his age, greatly mourned by his countrymen. 

^(:^^::^yC^.^^/y^y^ , 



) ACHARV TAYLOR, iwcllili 

i^. i'residenl of the United Stales, 

.,S| was l)orii oil the 24th of Nov., 

M 1784, ill Orange Co., Va. His 
o f.illier, Colonel Taylor, was 
a Virginian of note, and a dis- 
tinguished i>atriot and soldier of 
the Revolution. When Zacliary 
was an infant, his father with his 
wife and two children, emigrated 
to Kentucky, where he settled in 
the pathless wilderness, a few 
miles from Ixsuisville. In this front- 
?iiiCf ier home, away from civilization and 
I all its refinements, yjung Zacliary 
could enjoy but few social and educational advan- 
tages. When six years of age he attended a common 
school, and was then regarded ;is a bright, active hoy, 
father remarkable for bluntness and decision of char- 
acter He was strong, feailess and self-reliant, and 
flianifested a strong desire to enter the army to fight 
•die Indians who were ravaging the frontiers. There 
is little to be recorded of the uneventful years of his 
childhood 0:1 h^s father's large but lonely plantation. 
In 1808, his father succeeded in obtaining for him 
the commission of lieutenant in the United States 
army ; and he joined the troops which were stationed 
at New Orleans under Gen. Wilkinson. Soon after 
this he married Miss Margaret Smith, a young lady 
from one of the first families of Maryland. 

Immediately after the declaration of war with Eng- 
land, in 18 12, Capt. Taylor (for he had then been 
promoted to that rank) was put in command of Fort 
Harrison, on the Wabash, alx)ut fifty miles above 
Vincennes. This fort had been built in the wilder- 
ness by Gen. Harrison. on his march to Tipi)ecanoe. 
It was one of the first jwints of attack by the Indians, 
kd by Tecumseh. Its garrison consisted of a broken 

company of infantry numbering fifty men, many of 
whom were sick. 

Early in the autumn of 1812, the Indians, stealthily, 
and in large mmibers, moved uixjn the fort. Their 
approach was first indicated by the murder of two 
soldiers just outside of the stockade. Capt. Taylor 
made every jxjssible i)reparaiion to meet the antici- 
pated assault. On the 4th of September, a band of 
forty painted and plumed savages came to the fort, 
waving a white flag, and informed Capt. Taylor that 
in the morning their chief woidd come to have a talk 
with him. It was evident that their object was merely 
to ascertain the state of things at the fort, and Capt. 
Taylor, well versed in the wiles of the savages, kept 
them at a distance. 

The sun went down ; the savages disap|)eared . the 
garrison slept u|X)n their arms. One hour before 
midnight the war whoop burst from a thousand lips 
in the forest around, followed by the discharge of 
musketry, and the rush of the foe. Every man, sick 
and well, sprang to his ixjst. Every man knew that 
defeat was not merely death, but in the case of cai> 
ture, death by the most agonizing and |)rolonged tor- 
ture. No pen can describe, r.o imniagination can 
conceive the scenes which ensued. The savages suc- 
ceeded in setting fire to one of the blockhouses- 
Until si.x o'clock in the morning, this awful conflict 
continued. The savages then, baffled at every jwint, 
and gnashing their teeth with rage, retired. Capt. 
Taylor, for this gallant defence, was promoted to the 
rank of major by brevet. 

Until the close of the war, MajorTaylor was placed 
in such situations that he saw but little more of active 
service. He was sent far away into the depths of the 
wilderness, to Fort Crawford, on F"ox River, which 
empties into Green Bay. Here there was but little 
to be done but to wear away the tedious hours as one 
best could. There were no books, no society, no in- 



tellectual stimulus. Thus with him the uneventful 
years rolled on Gradually he rose to the rank of 
colonel. In the Black-Hawk war, which resulted in 
the capture of that renowned chieftain, Col Taylor 
took a subordinate but a brave and efficient part. 

For twenty four years Col. Taylor was engaged in 
the defence of the frontiers, in scenes so remote, and in 
iemployments so obscure, that his name was unknown 
"beyond the limits of his own immediate acquaintance. 
In the year 1836, he was sent to Florida to compel 
the Seminole Indians to vacate that region and re- 
tire beyond the Mississippi, as their chiefs by treaty, 
iiac' promised they should do. The services rendered 
ae.e secured for Col. Taylor the high appreciation of 
:he Government; and as a reward, he was elevated 
!C ;he rank of brigadier-general by brevet ; and soon 
ifter, in May, 1838, was appointed to the chief com- 
nand of the United States troops in Florida. 

After two years of such wearisome employment 
traidst the everglades of the jieninsula. Gen. Taylor 
Voiained, at his own req-.iest, a change of command, 
>nd was stationed over the Department of the South- 
■Aest, This field embraced Louisiana, Mississippi, 
Alabama and Georgia. Establishing his headquarters 
vS. Fort Jessup, in Louisiana, he removed his family 
"■;; a plantation which he purchased, near Baton Rogue. 
n.:re he remained for five years, buried, as it were, 
fu'.m the world, but faithfully discharging everj- duty 
jii.posed upon him. 

In 1846, Gen. Taylor was sent to guard the land 
between the Nueces and Rio Grande, the latter river 
being the boundary of Texas, which was then claimed 
by the United States. Soon the war with Mexico 
w£.; brought on, and at Palo .\lto and Resaca de la 
Pa 'ma. Gen. Taylor won brilliant victories over the 
A(i;xicans. The rank of major-general by brevet 
was then conferred uixjn Gen. Taylor, and his name 
wss received with enthusiasm almost ever)- where in 
tiie Nation. Then came the battles of Monterey and 
F uena Vista in which he won signal \'ictories over 
ftfces much larger than he commanded. 

His careless habits of d-ess and his unaffected 
simplicity, secured for Gen. Taylor among his troops, 
\\ It sobriquet of "Old Rough and Ready.* 

The tidings of the brilliant victory of Buena Vista 
;i<read the wildest enthusiasm over the country. The 
n.ime of Gen. Taylor was on every one's lips. The 
^\ hig party decided to take advantage of this wonder- 
ful popularity in bringing forward the unpolished, un- 

•■?red, honest soldier as their candidate for the 
Piasidency. Gen. Taylor was astonished at the an- 
nouncement, and for a time would not listen to it; de- 
claring that he was notatal! qualified for such an 
oftice. So little interest had he taken in politics that, 
foi forty years, he had not cast a vote. It was not 
wiihout chagrin that several distinguished statesmen 
Tfl:o had been long years in the public service found 
fi.:<ir claims set aside in behalf of one whose name 

had never been heard of, save in connection with Palo 
Alto, Resaca de la Palma, Monterey and Buena 
Vista. It is said that Daniel Webster, in his haste re- 
marked, " It is a nomination not fit to be made." 

Gen. Taylor was not an eloquent speaker nor a fine 
writer His friends took possession of him, and pre- 
pared such few communications as it was needful 
should be presented to the public. The popularity of 
the successful warrior swept the land. He was tri- 
umphantly elected over two opposing candidates, — 
Gen. Cass and E.v-President Marrin Van Buren. 
Though he selected an e.xcellent cabinet, the good 
old man found himself in a very uncongenial position, 
and was, at times, sorely perplexed and harassed. 
His mental sufferings were verj' severe, and probably 
tended to hasten his death. The pro-slaverj' party 
was pushing its claims with tireless energy- , expedi- 
tions were fitting out to capture Cuba; California was 
pleading for admission to the Union, while slavery 
stood at the door to bar her out. Gen. Taylor found 
the ix)litical conflicts in Washington to be far more 
trying to the nerves than battles with Mexicans or 

In the midst of all these troubles, Gen. Taylor, 
after he had occupied the Presidential chair but little 
over a year, took cold, and after a brief sickness of 
but little over five days, died on the gih of July, 1850. 
His last woids were, "I am not afraid to die. I am 
ready. I have endeavored to do my duty." He died 
universally respected and beloved. An honest, un- 
pretending man, he had been steadily growing in the 
affections of the people; and the Nation bitterly la- 
mented his death. 

Gen. Scott, who was thoroughly acquainted with 
Gen. Taylor, gave the following graphic and truthful 
description of his character: — " With a good store of 
common sense, Gen. Taylor's mind had not been en- 
larged and refreshed by reading, or much converse 
with the world. Rigidity of ideas was the conse- 
quence. The frontiers and small military j)ost3 had 
been his home. Hence he was quite ignorant for his 
. rank, and quite bigoted in his ignorance. His sim- 
plicitj- was child-like, and with innumeral)le preju- 
dices, amusing and incorrigible, well suited to the 
tender age. Thus, if a man, however respectable, 
chanced to wear a coat of an unusual color, or his hat 
a little on one side of his head; or an officer to leave 
a corner of his handkerchief dangling from an out- 
side pocket, — in any such case, this critic held the 
off.-nder to be a co.xcomb (perhaps something worse), 
whom he would not, to use his oft repeated phrase, 
' touch with a pair of tongs.' 

"Any allusion to literature beyond good old Dil- 
worth's spelling-book, on the par^t of one wearing a 
sword, was evidence, with the same judge, of utter 
unfitness for heavy marchings and combats. In short 
few men have ever had a more comfortab^.'", '•3>vit. 
saving contempt for learning of every kind." 

"C^i^ c/ i/<r 





'■ilWr'.S^K •»• -► - •"- - -> _ ^-: .-. .►- .^-: .» ,. ,, J ^ J 

tceiitli I'resideiitof the Uniied 
Slates, was iHjrn at Summer 
Hill, Cayiigii Co., N. Y ., on 
the 7th uf January, 1800. His 
father was a farmer, and ow- 
ig to misfortune, in humble cir- 
' unisiancea. Of his mother, the 
daughter of Dr. Abiathar Millard, 
of I'ittsficlii, Mass., it has been 
said that she |»ossessed an intellect 
of very high order, imited with much 
personal loveliness, sweetness of dis- 
[XDsit'on, graceful manners and ex- 
<|uisite sensibilities. She died in 
1831 ; having lived to see her son a 
young man of distinguished prom- 
li-e, ihough she was not permitted to witness the high 
dignity which he finally attained. 

In consequence of the secluded home and limited 
Cleans of )us father, Millard enjoyed but slei-der ad- 
vantages for educjtioi in his early years. The com- 
mon schools, ivliii h he occasiona'ly attended were 
ver\' imperfect institutions; and books were scarce 
nnd ex|)ensive. There was nothing then in his char- 
acter to indicate the brilliant career upon which he 
was aliout to enter. He was a plain farmer's Iwy ; 
intelligent, goo»l-looking, kind-liearted. The sacred 
influences of home had taught him to revere the Bible, 
and had laid the foundations of an upright character. 
When fourteen years of age, his father sent him 
some hundred miles fiDui home, to the then wilds of 
Livingston County, to learn the trade of a ilothier, 
Neai the mi!l there was a small villiage, wherr- some 

enterprising man had commenced the collection of a 
village libr.nry. This proved an inestimable blessing 
10 young Fillmore. His evenings were si)ent in read- 
ing. Soon every leisure moment was occupied «ith 
l)ooks. His thirst for knowledge became insatiate 
and the selections which he made were continually 
more elevating and instructive. He read history, 
biography, oratory, and thus gradually there was en- 
kindled in his heart a desire to be something more 
than a mere worker with his hands; and he was be- 
coming, almost unknown lo himself, a well-informed, 
educated man. 

The young clothier had now attained the age of 
nineteen years, and was of fine i>ersonal ai>i)earance 
and of gentlemanly demeanor. It so hap|)ened tha'. 
there was a gentleman in the neighliorhood of ample 
pecuniary means and of benevolence, — Judge Walter 
Wood, — who was struck with the i)repossessing a!>- 
))earance of young Fillmore. He made his acquaint- 
ance, antl was so much impressed with his ability and 
attainments that he advised him to abandon his 
trade and devote himself to the study of the law. The 
young man replied, that he had no means of his own, 
|-.o friends to help him and that his previous educa- 
tion had been very im|)erfect. But Judge Wood had 
so much confidence in him that he kindly offered to 
t.ike him into his own oPfic:e, and to loan him such 
money as he needed. .Most gratefully the cenerous 
offer was accepted. 

There is in many minds a strange delusion alx)Ut< 
a collegiate education. ,\ )oung man is sup;x)sed to 
be liberally educated if he has graduated at some col- 
lege. But many a lioy loiters through university hal' ■ 
•ind then enters a law office, who is by no means as 



well prepared to prosecute his legal studies as was 
Millard Fillmore when he graduated at the clothing- 
mill at the end of four years of manual labor, during 
which every leisure moment had been devoted to in- 
tense mental culture. 

In 1823, when twenty-three years of age, he v/as 
admitted to the Court of Common Pleas. He then 
went to the village of Aurora, and commenced the 
practice of law, In this secluded, peaceful region, 
his practice of course was limited, and there was no 
opportunity for a sudden rise in fortune or in fame. 
Here, in the year icS26, he married a lady of great 
moral worth, and one capable of adorning any station 
she might be called to fill, — Miss Abigail Powers. 

His elevation of character, his untiring industry, 
his legal acquirements, and his skill as an advocate, 
gradually attracted attention ; and he was invited to 
enter into partnership under highly advantageous 
circumstances, with an elder member of the bar in 
Buffalo. Just before removing to Buffalo, in 1829, 
he took his seat in the House of Assembly, of the 
State of New York, as a representative from Erie 
County. Though he had never taken a very active 
part in politics, his vote and his sympathies were with 
the Whig party. The State was then Democratic, 
and he found himself in a helpless minority in the 
Legislature , still the testimony comes from all parties, 
Ihat his courtesy, ability and integrity, won, to a very 
unusual degrt e the respect of his associates. 

In the autumn of 1832, he was elected to a seat in 
the United States Congress He entered that troubled 
irena in some of the most tumultuous hours of our 
national history. The great conflict respecting the 
national bank and the removal of the deposits, was 
then raging. 

His term of two years closed ; and he returned to 
his profession, which he pursued with increasing rep- 
utation and success. After a lapse of two years 
he again became a candidate for Congress ; was re- 
elected, and took his seat in 1837. His past expe- 
rience as a representative gave hmi stiength and 
confidence. The first term of service in Congress to 
any man can be but little more than an introduction. 
He was now prepared for active duty. All his ener- 
gies were brought to bear upon the public good. Every 
measure received his impress. 

Mr. Fillmore was now a man of wide repute, and 
his popularity filled the State, and in the year 1847, 
he was elected Comptroller of the State. 

Mr. Fillmore had attained the age of forty-seve; 
years. His labors at the bar, in the Legislature, ii 
Congress and as Comptroller, had given him very con 
siderable fame. The Whigs were casting about t< 
find suitable candidates for President and Vice-Presi 
dent at the approaching election. Far away, on tli 
waters of the Rio Grande, there was a rough ol< 
soldier, who had fought one or two successful battle 
with the Mexicans, which had caused his name to I.) 
proclaimed in tiumpet-tones all over the land. Bu 
it was necessary to associate with him on the san: 
ticket some man of reputation as a statesman. 

Under the influence of these considerations, tli 
namesofZachary Taylor and Millard Fillmore becam 
the rallying-cry of the Whigs, as their candidates fu 
President and Vice-Peesident. The Whig ticket \va 
signally triumphant. On the 4th of March, 1845 
Gen. Taylor was inaugurated President, and Millar 
Fillmore Vice-President, of the United States. 

On the 9th of July, 1850, President Taylor, bi 
about one year and four months after his inaugurj 
tion, was suddenly taken sick and died. By the Cor 
stitution, Vice-President Fillmore thus became Pres 
dent. He appointed a very able cabinet, of whic 
the illustrious Daniel Webster was Secretary of Stati 

Mr. Fillniore had very serious difficulties to conten 
with, since the opposition had a majority in bot 
Houses. He did everything in his power tocondliat 
the South ; but the pro-slavery party in the South fc 
theinadequacyof all measuresof transient conciliatioi 
The population of the free States was so rapidly ir 
creasing over that of the slave States that it was ir 
evitable that the power of the Government shoul 
soon pass into the hands of the free States. Tli 
famous compromise measures were adopted under M 
Fillmore's adminstration, and the Japan Ex[ieditio 
was sent out. On the 4th of March, 1853, Mr. Fil 
more, having served one term, retired. 

In 1856, Mr. Fillmore was nominated for the Pre; 
idency by the " Know Nothing " party, but was beate 
by Mr. Buchanan. After that Mr. Fillmore lived i 
retirement. During the terrible conflict of civil wa 
he was mostly silent. It was generally supposed the 
his sympathies were rather with those who were er 
deavoring to overthrow our institutions. Presider 
Fillmore kept aloof from the conflict, without an 
cordial words of cheer to the one party or the othei 
He was thus forgotten by both. He lived to a rip 
old age, and died in Buffalo. N. Y., March 8, 1874 


%^^//^'M. ^-c 



. ^«*n>»!il <> 

g#- ->FRflNKLlN FIERCE.^- -.:, 

P^CVr*^ •—;=.• 

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^k^p— |raj\j RANKLIN PIERCE, the 
• • VI I ■/?(?)) f/iiAa louricenth President of the 
L'nited States, was born in 
Hillslioroiigh, N. H., Nov. 
23, 1804. His father was a 
Revohiiionary soldier,, who, 
wiih his own strong arm, 
hewed out a home in the 
wilderness. He was a man 
of inflexible integrity; of 
strong, though uncultivated 
mind, and an uncompromis- 
ing Democrat. The mother of 
Franklin Pierce was all that a son 
could desire, — an intelligent, pru- 
dent, affectionate, Christian wom- 
an. Franklin was the sixth of eight children. 

Franklin was a very bright and handsome boy, gen- 
erous, warm-hearted and brave. He won alike the 
love of old and young. The boys on the play ground 
loved him. His teachers loved him. The neighbors 
looked uix)n liini with pride and affection. He was 
by instinct a gentleman ; always speaking kind words, 
doing kind deeds, with a (peculiar unstudied tact 
which taught him what was agreeable. Without de- 
veloping any precocity of genius, or any unnatural 
devotion to books, he was a good scholar; in body, 
in mind, in affections, a finely-developed boy. 

When sixteen years of age, in the year 1820, he 
entered Bowdoin College, at Brunswick, Me He was 
one of the most jwpular young men in the college. 
The purity of his moral character, the unvarying 
courtesy of his demeanor, his rank as a and 

genial nature, rendered him a universal favorite. 
There was something very i>eculiarly winning in his 
address, and it was evidently not in tiie slightest de- 
gree studied: it was the simple outgushing of his 
own magnanimous and loving nature. 

Uixjji graduating, in the year 1824, Franklin Pierce 
commenced the study of law in the office of Judge 
Woodbury, one of the most distinguished lawyers of 
the State, and a man of great private worth. The 
eminent social qualities of the young lawyer, his 
father's prominence as a public man, and the brilliant 
political career into which Judge Woodbury was en- 
tering, all tended to entice Mr. Pierce into the faci- 
nating yet perilous path of [wlitical life. With all 
the ardor of his nature he esix>used the cause of Gen. 
Jackson for the Presidency. He commenced the 
practice of law in Hillsl)orough, and was soon elected 
to represent the town in the State Legislature. Here 
he served for four yeais. The last two years he was 
chosen si^eaker of the house by a very large vote. 

In 18.33, ^* the age of twenty-nine, he was elected 
a member of Congress. ^Vitho^lt taking an active 
part in debates, he was faithful and lalwrious in duty 
and ever rising in the estimation of those with whom 
he was associatad. 

In 1837, being then iiut thirty-three years of age, 
he was elected to the Senate of the United States; 
taking his seat just as Mr. Van Buren commenced 
his administration. He was the youngest member in 
the Senate. In the year 1834, he married Miss Jane 
Means .Appleton, a lady of rare beauty and accom- 
plishments, and one admirably fitted to adorn every 
station with which her husband was honoicd Of the 



three sons who were born to them, all now sleep with 
their parents in the grave. 

In the year 1838, Mr. Pierce, with growing fame 
and increasing business as a lawyer, took up his 
residence in Concord, the capital of New Hampshire. 
President Polk, upon his accession to office, appointed 
Mr. Pierce attorney-general of the United States; but 
the offer was declined, in consequence of numerous 
professional engagements at home, and the precariuos 
state of Mrs. Pierce's health. He also, about the 
same time declined the nomination for governor by the 
Democratic party. The war with Mexico called Mr. 
Pierce in the army. Receiving the appointment of 
brigadier-general, he embarked, with a portion of his 
troops, at Newport, R. I., on the 27th of May, 1847. 
He took an important part in this war, proving him- 
self a brave and true soldier. 

When Gen. Pierce reached his home in his native 
State, he was received enthusiastically by the advo- 
cates of the Mexican war, and coldly by his oppo- 
nents. He resumed the practice of his profession, 
very frequently taking an active part in political ques- 
tions, giving his cordial support to the pro-slavery 
wing of the Democratic party. The compromise 
measures met cordially with his approval ; and he 
strenuously advocated the enforcement of the infa- 
mous fugitive-slave law, which so shocked the religious 
sensibilities of the North. He thus became distin- 
guished as a " Northern man with Southern principles.'' 
The strong partisans of slavery in the South conse- 
quently regarded him as a man whom they could 
safely trust in office to carry out their plans. 

On the i2th of June, 1852, the Democratic conven- 
tion met in Baltimore to nominate a candidate for the 
Presidency. For four days they continued in session, 
snd in thirty-five ballotings no one had obtained a 
two-thirds vote. Not a vote tluis far had been thrown 
for Gen. Pierce. Then the Virginia delegation 
brought forward his name. There were fourteen 
more ballotings, during which Gen. Pierce constantly 
gained strength, until, at the forty-ninth ballot, he 
received two hundred and eighty-two votes, and all 
other candidates eleven. Gen. Winfield Scott was 
the Whig candidate. Gen. Pierce was chosen with 
great unanimity. Only four States — Vermont, Mas- 
sachusetts, Kent\icky and Tennessee — cast their 
electoral votes against him Gen. Franklin Pierce 
was therefore inaugurated President of the United 
States on the 4th of March, 1853. 

His administration proved one of the most stormy our 
country had ever experienced. The controversy be 
tween slavery and freedom was then approaching its 
culminating point. It became evident that there was 
an "irrepressible conflict" between them, and that 
this Nation could not long exist " half slave and half 
free." President Pierce, during the whole of his ad- 
ministration, did every thing he could to conciliate 
the South ; but it was all in vain. The conflict every 
year grew more violent, and threats of the dissolution 
of tlie Union were borne to the North on every South 
em breeze. 

Such was the condition of affairs when President 
Pierce approached the close of his four-years' term 
of office. The North had become thoroughly alien- 
ated from him. The anti-slavery sentiment, goaded 
by great outrages, had been rapidly increasing; ;,li 
the intellectual ability and social worth of President 
Piercewere forgotten in deep reprehension of his ad- 
ministrative acts. The slaveholders of the South, also, 
unmindful of the fidelity with which he had advo- 
cated those measures of Government which they ap- 
proved, and perhaps, also, feeling that he had 
rendered himself so unjxjpular as no longer to be 
able acceptably to serve them, ungratefully dropped 
him, and nominated James Buchanan to succeed him. 

On the 4th of March, 1857, President Pierce re- 
tired to his home in Concord. Of three children, two 
had died, and his only surviving child had been 
killed before his eyes by a railroad accident , and his 
wife, one of the most estimable and accomplished of 
ladies, was rapidly sinking in consumption. The 
hour of dreadful gloom soon came, and he was left 
alone in the world, without wife or child. 

When the terrible Rebellion burst forth, which di- 
vided our country into two parties, and two only, Mr. 
Pierce remained steadfast in the principles wliich he 
had always cherished, and gave his sympathies to 
that pro-slavery party with which he had ever been 
allied. He declined to do anything, either by voice 
or pen, to strengthen the hand of the National Gov- 
ernment. Hecontinued to reside in Concord until 
the time of his death, which occurred in October, 
1869. He was one of the most genial and social ol 
men, an honored communicant of the Episcopal 
Church, and one of the kindest of neighbors. Gen- 
erous to a fault, he contributed liberally for the al- 
leviation of suffering and want, and many of his towns- 
people were often gladened by his material bounty. 

'tly77ze^ (2^C^ /£ciy72€^^9y:^ 



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ll-gsM. KS F3 UG 1 1 A i\ A i\f , 





AMES BUCHANAN, the fif- 
.leenth President of the United 
States, was Ixjrn in a small 
frontier town, at the foot of the 
eastern ridye of the AUegha- 
nies, in Franklin Co., I'enn.,on 
\l iJOil ^'^'^ 23d of A(>ril, 1791. The ;.'lace 
lUi^wl '"^^'^^^ 'h« lunnlile cabin of his 
&^jH^^ father sti od was tailed Stony 
• JSJaT w Batter. It was a wild and ro- 
mantic s]K)t in a gorjreof the moun- 
tains, with towering summits rising 
grandly all around. His father 
was a native of the north of Ireland; 
a [xxjr man, who had emigrated in 
1783, with little property save his 
own strong arms. Five years afterwards he married 
Clizabeih Spear, the daughter of a respectable farmer, 
and, with his young bride, plunged into the wilder- 
ness, staked his claim, reared his log-hut, o|>ened a 
clearing with his axe, and settled down there to per- 
fomi his obscure part in the ckama of life. In this se- 
eluded home, where James was born, he remained 
for eight years, enjoying but few social or intellectual 
advantagi s. When James was eight yeaisof age, hts 
father removed to the village of Mercersburg, where 
Lis son was placed at school, and commenced a 
course of study in English, Latin and Greek. His 
progress was rapid, and at the age of fourteen, he 
entered Dickinson College, al Carlisle. Here he de 
velojied remarkable talent, and took his stand among 
the first scholars in the institution. His application 
to study was intense, and yet his native powers en- 

abled him to master the most abstruse subjects ■*i\ '■ 

In the year 1809, he graduated with the highesi 
honors of his clas^. He was then eighteen years ol 
age; tall and graceful, vigorous in health, fond of 
athletic siHjrt, an unerring shot, and enlivened with 
an exuberant flow of animal spirits. He immediately 
commenced the study of law in the city of Lancaster, 
and was admitted to the bar in 1812, when he was 
but twenty-one years ■>{ age. Very rapidly he rose 
in his i)rofes?ion, and at once took undisputed stand 
with the ablest law\ers of the State. When but 
twenty-si.\ years of age, unaided by counsel, he suc- 
cessfully defended before the State Senate 01 e of tht 
judges of the State, who was tried upon articles 01 
impeachment. .At the age of thirty it was generally 
admitted that he stood at the head of the bar; and 
there was no lawyer in the State who had a more In 
crative practice. 

In 1820, he reluctantly consented to run as i 
candidate for Congress. He was elected, and foi 
ten years he remained a member of the Lower House 
During the vacations of Congress, he occasionally 
tried some im|)ortant case. In 1831, he retired 
altogether from the toils of his profession, having ac- 
<iuired an ample fortune. 

(Jen. Jackson, ujwn his elevation to the Presidency, 
ap|X)inted Mr. Buchanan minister to Russia. The 
duties of his mission he performed with ability, which 
gave satisfaction to all parties. Upon his return, ii, 
1833, he was elected to a seat in the United States 
Senate. He there met, as his associates, Welsier. 
Clay, Wright ai-.d Calhoun. He advocated tl-.e meas- 
ures pn.'j.iosed by President Jackson, of iv. .king repn- 



sals against France, to enforce the payment of our 
claims against that country; and defended the course 
of the President in his unprecedented and wholesale 
removal from office of those who were not the sup- 
porters of his adininistration. Upon this question he 
was brought into direct collision with Heary Clay. 
He also, with voice and vote, advocated expunging 
from the journal of the Senate the vote of censure 
against (ren. Jackson fur removing the deposits. 
Earnestly he opposed the abolition of slavery in the 
District of Columbia, and urged the prohibition of the 
circulation of anti-slavery documents by the United 
States mails. 

As to petitions on the subject of slavery, he advo- 
cated that they should be respectfully received ; and 
that the reply should be returned, that Congress had 
no power to legislate upon the subject. " Congress," 
said he, " might as well undertake to interfere with 
slavery under a foreign government as in any of the 
States where it now exists." 

Upon Mr. Polk's accession to the Presidency, Mr. 
Buchanan became Secretary of State, and as such, 
took his share of the resix)nsibility in the conduct of 
the Mexican War. Mr. Polk assumed that crossing 
the Nueces by the American troops into the disputed 
territory was not wrong, but for the Mexicans to cross 
the Rio Grande into that territory was a declaration 
of war. No candid man can read with pleasure the 
account of the course our Government pursued in that 

Mr. Buchanan identified himself thoroughly with 
the party devoted to the pi^rpetuation and e.xtension 
of slavery, and brought all the energies of his mind 
to bear agjinst the Wilmot Proviso. He gave his 
cordial ajiproval to the compromise measures of rS5o, 
which included the fugitive-slave law. Mr. Pierce, 
upon his election to the Presidency, honored Mr. 
Buchanan with the mission to England. 

In the year 1856, a national Democratic conven- 
tion nominated Mr. Buchanan for the Presidency. The 
political conflict vvas one of the most severe in which 
our country has ever engaged. All the friends of 
slavery were on one side ; all the advocates of its re- 
striction and final abolition, on the other. Mr. Fre- 
mont, the candidate of the enemies of slavery, re- 
reived H4 electoral votes. Mr. Buchanan received 
r74, and was elected. The popular vote .stood 
r, 340, 618, for Fremont, 1,224,750 for Buchanan. On 
March 4th. 1857, Mr. Buchanan was inaugurated. 

Mr. Buchanan was far advanced in life. Only four 
vears were wanting to fill up his threescore years and 
ten. His own friends, those with whom he had been 
allied in political principles and action for years, were 
stseking the destruction of the Government, that they 
might rear upon the ruins of our free institutions a 
nation whose corner-stone should be liuman slavery. 
In this emergency, Mr. Buchanan was hopelessly be- 
wildered He could not, with his long-avowed prin- 

ciples, consistently oppose the State-rights party in 
their assumptions. As President of the United States, 
bound by his oath faithfully to administer the laws, 
he could not, without perjury of the grossest kind, 
unite with those endeavoring to overthrow the repub- 
lic. He therefore did nothing. 

The opponents of Mr. Buchanan's administration 
nominated .Abraham Lincoln as their standard bearer 
in the next Presidential canvass. The pro-slavery 
party declared, that if he were elected, and the con- 
trol of the Government were thus taken from their 
hands, they would secede from the Union, taking 
with them, as they retired, the National Capitol at 
Washington, and the lion's share of the territory of 
the United States. 

Mr. Buchanan's sympathy with the pro-slaver^' 
party was such, that he had been willing to offerthem 
far more than they had ventured to claim. All the 
South had professed to ask of the North was non- 
intervention upon the subject of slavery. Mr. Bu- 
chanan had been ready to offer them the active co- 
operation of the Government to defend and extend 
the institution. 

As the storm increased in violence, the slaveholders 
claiming the right to secede, and Mr. Buchanan avow- 
ing that Congress had no power to prevent it, one of 
the most pitiable exhibitions of governmental im- 
becility was exhibited the world has ever seen. He 
declared that Congress had no power to enforce its 
laws in any State which had withdrawn, or which 
was attempting to withdraw from the Union. This 
was not the doctrine of Andrew Jackson, when, with 
his hand upon his sword-hilt, he exclaimed, " The 
Union must and shall be preserved!" 

South Carolina seceded in December, i860; nearly 
three months before the inauguration of President 
Lincoln. Mr. Buchanan looked on in listless despair. 
The rebel flag was raised in Charleston: Fort Sumpter 
was besieged; our forts, navy-yards and arsenals 
were seized; our depots of military stores were plun- 
dered ; and our custom-houses and post-offices were 
appropriated by the rebels. 

The energy of the rebels, and the imbecility of our 
Executive, were alike marvelous. The Nation looked 
on in agony, waiting for the slow weeks to glide away, 
and close the administration, so terrible in its weak- 
ness At length the long-looked-for hour of deliver- 
ance came, when Abraham Lincoln was to receive the 

The administration of President Buchanan was 
certainly the most calamitous our country has ex- 
perienced. His best friends cannot recall it with 
pleasure. .\nd still more de|)loiable it is for his fame, 
that in that dreadful conflict which rolled its billows 
of flame and blood over our whole land, no word came 
from his lips to indicate his wish that our country's 
banner should trium| h over the flag of the rebellioi^. 
He died at his Wheatland retreat, June i, 1868. 


C> r C-^' 






^ ABRAHAM > ^^>';J^<W >^ LINCOLN , > | 

A^ iiKinni M V 

sixteenth President of the 
► United States, was liorn in 
Hardin Co., Ky., Feb. 12, 
1809. About tlie year 1780, a 
man by the name of Abraham 
Lincoln left Virginia with his 
jMiily and moved into the then 
vildsof Kentucky. Only two years 
itter this emigration, still a young 
man, while working one day in a 
field, was stealthily a|)i)ro;:ched by 
an Indian and shot dead. His widow 
was left in extreme [Kjvcrty with five 
little children, three Iwys and two 
girls. Thomas, the youngest of the 
boys, was four years of age at his 
father's death. This Thomas was 
the father of .\braham Lincoln, the 
President of the United States 
whose name must henceforth fo'ever be enrolled 
with the niDSt prominent in the annals of our world. 
Of course no record has been kept of the life 
of one so lowly as I'homas Lincoln. He was among 
the |KX>rest of the ixwr. His home was a wretched 
li)g<abin; his food the coarsest and the meanest. 
Education he had none; he could never either read 
or write. As soon as he was able to do anvthing for 
himself, he was compelled to leave the cabin of his 
starving mother, and push out into the world, a friend- 
.ess, wandering boy, seeking work. He hired him- 
self onl, and thussi>ent the whole of his youth as a 
?ilHirer in the fields of others. 

When twenty-eight years of age he buill a log- 
• ibin of his own, and married Nancy Hanks, the 
daughter of anoiiier family of poor Kentucky emi- 
grants, who had also come from Virginia. Their 
second child was .Abraham Lincoln, the subject of 
this sketch. The mother of Abraham was a noi)le 
woman, gentle, loving, |)ensive, created to adorn 
a palace, doomed to toil and pine, and die in a hovel. 
".AH that I am, or hope to be," exclaims the grate- 
ful son " I owe to my an^el-moiher. 

When he was eight years of age, his father sold his 

cabin and small farm, and moved to Indiar.a Whero 
two years later his mother died. 

Abrahun soon became the scribe of the uneducated 
community around him. He could not have had a 
better school than this to leach him to put thoughts 
into words. He also became an eager reader. The 
books he could ol)tain were few ; but these he ead 
and re-read until they were almost committf< tc 

As the years rolled on, the lot of this lowly fan>il) 
was the usual lot of humanity. Thi-re were joys ar.o 
griefs, weddings and funerals. Abraham's sistt » 
Sarah, to whom he was tenderly attached, was niai 
ried when a child of but fourteen years of age, anc 
soon died. The family was gradually scattered. Mr 
Thomas Lincoln sold out his squatter's claim in 1830 
and emigrated to .Macon Co., III. 

Abraham Lincoln was then twenty-one years of age. 
With vigorous hands he aided his father in rearing 
another log-cabin. Abraham worked diligently at this 
until he saw the I'amily comfortably settled, and theii 
small lot of enclosed prairie planted with com, when 
he announced to his father his intention to leave 
home, and to go out into the world and seek his for- 
tune. Little did he or his friends imagine how bril- 
liant that fortune was to be. He saw the value o( 
education and was intensely earnest to improve his 
mind 10 the utmost of his |x)wer He saw the ruin 
which ardent spirits were cau>ing, and I ei ame 
strictly temi>erate; refusing to allow a drop of intoxi- 
cating liquor to pass his lips. .And lie had read in 
Ood's word, "Thou shalt not take the name of th(>. 
Ixjrd tin- God in •' .m ;" and a profane expression ht 
was never heard to \itter. Religion he revered. His 
morals were pure, and he was uncontaminated by a 
single vice. 

N'uung Abraham woiked for a time as a hired lal>orft 
among the farmers. Then he went to Springfield 
where he was employed in building a large flat-l>oal 
In this he took a herd of swine, floated them dow> 
the Sangamon to the Illinois, and thence by the Mis 
sissippi to New Orleans. Whati'ver Abraham Lir 
<oln undertook, he ])erformed so faithfully as to givv 
great satisfacticn to his employers. In this adven 



cure his employers were so well pleased, that upon 
his return tiiey placed a store and uiill under his care. 

In 1832, at the outbreak of the Black Hawk war, he 
enlisted and. was chosen captain of a company. He 
returned to Sangamon County, and although only 23 
years of age, was a candidate for the Legislature, but 
was defeated. He soon after received from Andrew 
Jackson the appointmentof Postmaster of New Salem, 
His only post-office was his hat. .\11 the letters he 
received he carried there ready to deliver to those 
he chanced to meet. He studied surveying, and soon 
made this his business. In 1834 he again became a 
candidate for the Legislature, and was elected Mr. 
Stuart, of Springfield, advised him to study law. He 
walked from New Salem to Springfield, borrowed of 
Mr. Stuart a load of books, carried them back and 
began his legal studies. When the Legislature as- 
sembled he trudged on foot with his pack on his back 
one hundred miles to Vandalia, then the capital. In 
1836 he was re-elected to the Legislature. Here it 
was he first met Stephen A. Douglas. In 1839 he re- 
moved to Springfield and began the practice of law. 
His success with the jury was so great that he was 
soon engaged in almost every noted case in the circuit. 

In 1854 the great discussion began between Mr. 
Lincoln and Mr. Douglas, on the slavery question. 
In the organization of the Republican party in Illinois, 
in 1856, he took an active part, and at once became 
one of tb.e leaders in that party. Mr. Lincoln's 
speeches in opposition to Senator Douglas in the con- 
test in 1858 for a seat in the Senate, form a most 
notable part of his history. The issue was on the 
slavery question, and he took the broad ground of 
;he Declaration of Independence, that all men are 
created equal. Mr. Lincoln was defeated in this con- 
test, but won a far higher prize. 

The great Republican Convention met at Chicago 
on the t6th of June, i860. The delegates and 
strangers who crowded the city amounted to twenty- 
five thousand. .An immense building called "The 
Wigwam," was reared to accommodate the Conven- 
tion. There were eleven candidates for whom votes 
were thrown. William H. Seward, a man whose fame 
as a statesman had long filled the land, was the most 
prominent. It was generally supposed he would be 
the nominee. Abraham Lincoln, however, received 
the nomination on the third ballot. Little did he then 
dream of the weary years of toil and care, and the 
bloody death, to which that nomination doomed him: 
and as little did he dream that he was to render services 
to his country, which would fi.x upon him the eyes of 
the whole civilized world, and which would give him 
a place in the affections of his countrymen, second 
. only, if second, to that of Washington. 

Election day came and Mr. Lincoln received 180 
electoral votes out of 203 cast, and was, therefore, 
constitutionally elected President of the United States. 
The tirade of abuse that was poured ufxin this good 

and merciful man, especially by the slaveholders, was 
greater than upon any other man ever elected to this 
higli position. In February, 1861, Mr. Lincoln started 
for Washington, stopping in all the large cities on his 
way making speeches. Tlie wiiole journey wasfrought 
with much danger. Many ot the Southern States had 
already seceded, and several attempts at assassination 
were afierwards brought to light. A gang in Balti- 
more had arranged, upon his arrival to "get up a row," 
and in the confusion to make sure of his death with 
revolvers and har.d-grenades. A detective unravelled 
the plol. A secret and special train was provided to 
take him from HarrisL'urg, through Baltimore, at ai' 
unexpected hour of the night. The train started al 
half-past ten ; and to prevent any possible communi- 
cation on the part ol the Secessionists with their Con- 
federate gang in Baltimore, as soon as the train haa 
started the telegraph-wires were cut. Mr. Lincoln 
reached Washingion in safety and was inaugurated, 
altiiough great anxiety was felt by all loyal people 

lu the selection of his cabinet Mr. Lincoln gave 
to Mr Seward the Department of State, and to other 
prominent opponents before the convention he gave 
important [wsitions. 

During no other administration have the duties 
devolving upon the President been so manifold, and 
tiie responsibilities so great, as those which fell to 
the lot of President Lincoln. Knowing this, and 
feeling'his own weakness and inability to meet, and in 
his own strengtii to cope with, the difficulties, he 
learned early to seek Divine wisdom and guidance in 
determining his plans, and Divine comfort in all his 
trials, bo*h personal and national. Contrary to his 
own estimate of himself, Mr. Lincoln was one of the 
most courageous of men. He went directly into the 
rebel capital just as the retreating foe was leaving, 
with no guard but a few sailors. From the time he 
had left Springfield, in 1861, however, plans liad Ijeen 
made for his assassination, and he at last fell a victim 
to one of them. April 14, 1865, he, with Gen. Grant, 
was urgently invited to attend Fords' Theater. It 
was announced that they would be present. Gen. 
Grant, however, left the city. President Lincoln, feel- 
ing, witli his characteristic kindliness of heart, that 
it would be a disappointment if he should fail them, 
very reluctantly consented to go. While listening to 
the play an actor by the name of John Wilkes Booth 
entered the box where the President and family were 
seated, and fired a bullet into his brains. He died the 
next morning at seven o'clock. 

Never before, in the history of the world was a nation 
plunged into such deep gnefby the death of its ruler. 
Strong men met in the streets and wept in speechless 
anguish. It is not too much to say tliat a nation was 
in tears. His was a life which will filly become a 
model. His name as tlie savior of his country w-iU 
live with that of Washington's, its father; his co-,ntry- 
mer. being unable to decide whi< K <s ti-e areatet. 

II • 







:\ \\ I) \l W, \H .11)1 iiN'.irji-^f, 

\DREW JOHNSON, seven- 
teeiUh President of the United 
States. The early life of 
Andrew Johnson contains but 
the record of poverty, destitu- 
tion and friendlessness. He 
was horn December 29, (80S, 
in Raleigh, X. C. His parents, 
belonging to the class of the 
"poor whites " of the South, were 
\ in such circumstances, that tliey 
could not onf :r ; /en the slight- 
est advantages of education u[X)n 
their child. When Andrew was five 
years of age, his father accidentally 
lost iiis life while herorically endeavoring to save a 
friend from drowning, ''niil teri years of age, .\ndrew 
was a ragged boy abouf the streets, supjwrted by the 
labor of his mother, who obtained her living with 
her own hands. 

He then, having never attended a school one day, 
and being unable either to read or write, was ap- 
prenticed to a tailor in his native town. A gentleman 
was in the habit of going to the tailor's shop occasion- 
ally, and reading to the boys at work there. He often 
read from the speeches of distinguished British slates- 
men. .\ndrew, who was endowed with a mind of more 
than ordinary native ability, became much interested 
in these speeches ; his ambition was roused, and he 
was inspired with a strong desire to learn to read. 

He accordingly applied himself to the alphabet, and 
with the assistance of some of his fellow-workmen, 
learned his letters. He then called ujxin the gentle- 
man to borrow the book of speeches. The owner. 

pleased with his zeal, not only gave him the book 
but assisted him in learning to combine the letters 
into words. Under such difficulties he pressed 3!. 
ward laboriously, spending usually ten or twelve houi-s 
at work in the shop, and then robbing himself of rest 
and recreation to devote such time as he could to 

He went to Tennessee \\\ 1826, and located a* 
Greenville, where he manied a young lady who pos 
sessed some education. Under her instructions he 
learned to write and cipher. He became prominent 
in the village debating society, and a favorite with 
the students of Greenville College. In 1828, he or- 
ganized a working man's party, which elected him 
alderman, and in 1830 elected him mayor, which 
position he held three years. 

He now began to take a lively interest in political 
affairs ; identifying himself with the working-classes, 
to which he belonged. In 1835, he was elected a 
member of the House of Representatives of Tennes- 
see. He was then just twenty-seven years of age. 
He became a ver>' active member of the legislature 
gave his adhesion to the Democratic party, and in 
1840 "stumijed the State," advocating Martin Van 
Buren's claims to the Presidency, in opposition to thos^ 
of Gen. Harrison. In this camjjaign he acquired much 
readiness as a speaker, and extended and increased 
his reputation. 

In 1841, he was elected Stale Senator; in 1843, he 
was elected a member of Congress, and by successive 
elections, held that imixjrtant ]X)st for ten years. In 
1853, he was elected Governor of Tennessee, and 
was re-elected in 1855. In all these resjionsible |X)si- 
lions, he discharged his duties with distinguished abi. 



ity, and proved himself the warm friend of the work- 
ing classes. In 1857, Mr. Johnson was elected 
United States Senator. 

Years before, in 1S45, ^^ had warmly advocated 
the annexation of Texas, stating however, as his 
reason, that he thought this annexation would prob- 
ably prove " to be the gateway out of which the sable 
sons of Africa are to pass from bondage to freedom, 
and become merged in a population congenial to 
themselves." In 1850, he also supported the com- 
promise measures, the two essential features of which 
were, that the white people oT the Territories should 
be permitted to decide for themselves whether they 
would enslave the colored people or not, and that 
the *'ree States of the North should return to the 
South persons who attempted to escape from slavery. 

Mr. Johnson was neverashamedofhis lowly origin: 
on the contrary, he often took pride in avowing that 
he owed his distinction to his own exertions. "Sir," 
said he on the floor of the Senate, " I do not forget 
that I am a mechanic ; neither do I forget that Adam 
was a tailor and sewed fig-leaves, and that our Sav- 
ior was the son of a carpenter." 

In the Charleston- Baltimore convention of i8uj, ne 
jwas the choice of the Tennessee Democrats for the 
presidency. In 1861, when the purpose of the South- 
im Democracy became apparent, he took a decided 
stand in favor of the Union, and held that " slavery 
must be held subordinate to the Union at whatever 
cost." He returned to Tennessee, and repeatedly 
imperiled his own life to protect the Unionists of 
Tennesee. Tennessee having seceded from the 
Union, President Lincoln, on March 4th, 1862, ap- 
pointed him Military Governor of the State, and he 
established the most stringent military rule. His 
numerous proclamations attracted wide attention. In 

1864, he was elected Vice-President of the United 
States, and upon the death of Mr. Lincoln, April 15, 

1865, became President. In a speech two days later 
he said, " The American people must be taught, if 
they do not already feel, that treason is a crime and 
must be punished ; that the Government will not 
always bear with its enemies ; that it is strong not 
only to protect, but to punish. * * The people 
must understand that it (treason) is the blackest of 
crimes, and will surely be punished." Yet his whole 
administration, the history of which is so well known, 
was in utter imjonsistency with, and the most violent 

opposition to, the principles laid down in that speech. 

In his loose policy of reconstruction and general 
amnesty, he was opposed by Congress ; and he char- 
acterized Congress as a new rebellion, and lawlessly 
defied it, in everything possible, to the utmost. In 
the beginnirig of 1868, on account of "high crimes 
and misdemeanors," the principal of which was the 
removal of Secretary Stanton, in violation of the Ten- 
ure of Office Act, articles of impeachment were pre- 
ferred against him, and the trial began March 23. 

It was very tedious, continuing for nearly three 
months. A test article of the impeachment was at 
length submitted to the court for its action. It was 
certain that as the court voted upon that article so 
would it vote upon all. Thirty-four voices pronounced 
the President guilty. As a two-thirds vote was neces- 
sary to his condemnation, he was pronounced ac- 
quitted, notwithstanding the great majority against 
him. The change of one vote from the not guilty 
side would have sustained the impeachment. 

The President, for the remainder of his term, was 
but little regarded. He continued, though impotently, 
his conflict with Congress. His own party did not 
think it expedient to renominate him for the Presi- 
dency. The Nation rallied, with enthusiasm unpar- 
alleled since the days of Washington, around the name 
of Gen. Grant. Andrew Johnson was forgotten. 
The bullet of the assassin introduced him to the 
President's chair. Notwithstanding this, never was 
there presented to a man a better opportunity to im- 
mortalize his name, and to win the gratitude of a 
nation. He failed utterly. He retired to his home 
in Greenville, Tenn., taking no very active part in 
politics until 1875. On Jan. 26, after an exciting 
struggle, he was chosen by the Legislature of Ten- 
nessee, United States Senator in the forty-fourth Con- 
gress, and took his seat in that body, at the special 
session convened by President Grant, on the 5th of 
March. On the 27th of July, 1875, the e.x-President 
made a visit to his daughter's home, near Carter 
Station, Tenn. When he started on his journey, he was 
apparently in his usual vigorous health, but on reach- 
ing the residence of his child the following day, was 
stricken with paralysis, rendering him unconscious. 
He rallied occasionally, but finally passed away at 
2 A.M., July 31, aged sixty-seven years. His fun- 
eral was attended at Geenville, on the 3d of August, 
with every demonstration of respect. 

„ V 




V • • • ' 


eightcentli President of the 
|j" United States, was born on 
the 29th of April, 1822, of 
Christian parents, in a humble 
' home, at Point Pleasant, on the 
banks of the Ohio. Shortly after 
his father moved to George- 
town, Brown Co., O. In this re- 
mote frontier hamlet, Ulysses 
received a common-school edu- 
cation. At the age of seven- 
teen, in the year 1S39, he entered 
the Military Academy at West 
Point. Here he was regarded as a 
solid, sensible young man of fair abilities, and of 
sturdy, honest character. He took respectable rank 
as a scholar. In June, 1843, he graduated, about the 
middle in his class, and was sent as lieutenant of in- 
fantr)' to one of the distant military posts in the Mis- 
souri Territory. Two years he past in these dreary 
solitudes, watching the vagabond and exasperating 

The war with Mexico came. Lieut. Grant was 
sent with his regiment to Corpus Christi. His first 
battle was at Palo Alto. There was no chance here 
for the exhibition of either skill or heroism, nor at 
Resaca de la Palma, his second battle. .At the battle 
of Monterey, his third engagement, it is said that 
he [jerformed a signal service of daring and skillful 
horsemanship. His brigade had exhausted its am- 
munition. K messenger must be sent for more, along 
a route ex|X)sed to the bullets of the foe. Lieut. 
Grant, adopting an exjiedicnt learned of the Indians, 
grasped the mane of his horse, and hanging upon one 
side of the anir=w-il, ran the gauntlet in entire safety. 

From Monterey he was sent, with the fourth infantry, 
to aid Gen. Scott, at the siege of Vera Cruz. In 
prei)aration for the march to the city of Mexico, he 
was apjx)inted quartemiaster of his regiment. At the 
battle of Molino del Rcy, he was promoted to a 
first lieutenancy, and was brevetted captain at Cha- 

\\ the close of the Mexican War, Capt. Grant re- 
turned with his regiment to New York, and was again 
sent to one of the military posts on the frontier. The 
discovery of gold in California causing an immense 
tide of einigration to flow to the Pacific shores, Capt. 
Grant was sent with a battalion to Fort Dallas, in 
Oregon, for the protection of the interests of the im- 
migrants. Life was wearisome in those wilds. Capt. 
Grant resigned his commission and returned to the 
States; and having married, entered upon the cultiva- 
tion of a small farm near St. I..ouis, Mo. He had but 
little skill as a farmer." Finding his toil not re- 
munerative, he turned to mercantile life, entering into 
the leather business, with a younger brother, at Ga- 
lena, III. This was in the year i860. .As the tidings 
of the rebels firing on Fort Sumpter reached the ears 
of Capt. Grant in his counting-room, he said, — 
"Uncle Sam has educated me for the anny: though 
I have served him through one war, I do not feel that 
I have yet repaid the debt. I am still ready to discharge 
my obligations. I shall therefore buckle on my iword 
and see Uncle Sam through this war too." 

He went into the streets, raised a (ompany of vol- 
unteers, and led them as their captain to Springfield, 
the capital of the State, where their services were 
offered to Gov. Yates. The Governor, impressed by 
the zeal and straightforward executive ability of Capt. 
Grant, gave hini a desk in his office, to assist in the 
volunteer organization that was being foniied in the 
State in behalf of the Government. On the i?*'' of 



June, 1 86 1, Capt. Grant received a commission as 
Colonel of the Twenty-first Regiment of Illinois Vol- 
unteers. His merits as a West Point graduate, who 
had served for 15 years in the regular army, were such 
that he was soon promoted to the rank of Brigadier- 
General and was placed in command at Cairo. The 
rebels raised their banner at Paducah, near the mouth 
of the Tennessee River. Scarcely had its folds ap- 
peared in the breeze ere Gen. Grant was there. The 
rebels fled. Their banner fell, and the star and 
stripes were unfurled in its stead. 

He entered the service with great determination 
and immediately began active duty. This was the be- 
ginning, and until the surrender of Lee at Richmond 
he was ever pushing the enemy with great vigor and 
effectiveness. At Belmont, a few days later, he sur- 
prised and routed the rebels, then at Fort Henrj' 
won another victory. Then came the brilliant fight 
at Fort Donelson. The nation was electrified by the 
victory, and the brave leader of the boys in blue was 
immediately made a Major-General, and the military 
district of Tennessee was assigned to him. 

Like all great captains, Gen. Grant knew well how 
to secure the results of victory. He immediately 
pushed on to the enemies' lines. Then came the 
terrible battles of Pittsburg Landing, Corinth, and the 
siege of Vicksburg, where Gen. Pemberton made an 
unconditional surrender of the city with over thirty 
thousand men and one-hundred and seventy-two can- 
non. The fall of Vicksburg was by far the most 
severe blow which the rebels had thus far encountered, 
and opened up the Mississippi from Cairo to the Gulf. 

Gen. Grant was next ordered to co-operate with 
Gen. Banks in a movement upon Texas, and pro- 
ceeded to New Orleans, where he was thrown from 
his horse, and received severe injuries, from which he 
was laid up for months. He then rushed to the aid 
of Gens. Rosecrans and Thomas at Chattanooga, and 
by a v/onderful series of strategic and technical meas- 
ures put the Union Army in fighting condition. Then 
followed the bloody battles at Chattanooga, Lookout 
Mountain and Missionary Ridge, in which the rebels 
were routed with great loss. This won for him un- 
bounded praise in the North. On the 4th of Febru- 
ary, 1864, Congress revived the grade of lieutenant- 
general, and the rank was conferred on Gen. Grant. 
He repaired to Washington to receive his credentials 
and enter upon 'bf duties of his new office 

Gen. Grant decided as soon as he took charge of 
the army to concentrate the widely-dispersed National 
troops for an attack upon Richmond, the nominal 
capital of the Rebellion, and endeavor there to de- 
stroy the rebel armies which would be promptly as- 
sembled from all quarters for its defence. The whole 
continent seemed to tremble under the tramp of these 
majestic armies, rushing to the decisive battle field. 
Steamers were crowded with troops. Railway trains 
were burdened vith closely packed thousands. His 
plans were comprehensive and involved a series of 
campaigns, which were executed with remarkable en- 
ergy and ability, and were consummated at the sur- 
render of Lee, April 9, 1865. 

The war was ended. The Union was saved. The 
almost unanimous voice of the Nation declared Gen. 
Grant to be the most prominent instrument in its sal- 
vation. The eminent services he had thus rendered 
the country brought him conspicuously forward as the 
Republican candidate for the Presidential chair. 

At the Republican Convention held at Chicago. 
May 21, 1868, he was unanimously nominated for the 
Presidency, and at the autumn election received a 
majority of the popular vote, and 214 out of 294 
electoral votes. 

The National Convention of the Republican party 
which met at Philadelphia on the 5th of June, 1872, 
placed Gen. Grant in nomination for a second temi 
by a unanimous vote. The selection was emphati- 
cally indorsed by the people five months later, 292 
electoral votes being cast for him. 

Soon after the close of his second term. Gen. Grant 
started upon his famous trip around the world. He 
visited almost every country of the civilized world, 
and was everywhere received with such ovations 
and demonstrations of respect and honor, private 
as well as public and official, as were never before 
bestowed upon any citizen of the United States. 

He was the most prominent candidate before the 
Republican National Convention in 1880 for a re- 
nomination for President. He went to New York and 
embarked in the brokerage business under the firm 
nameof Grant & Ward. The latter proved a villain, 
wrecked Grant's fortune, and for larceny was sent to 
the penitentiary. The General was attacked with 
cancer in the throat, but suffered in his stoic-like 
manner, never complaining. He was re-instated as 
General of the Army and retired by Congress. The 
cancer soon finished its deadly work, and July 23, 
1885, the nation went in mourning over the death of 
the illustrious General, 

, / 









^ ;^■;■u:.n^;.^•^•^•.■^':■u^;■^■:■^■^■n^Vl^Vl^v.^'^^'x^;^>^.'^^^»•^^;•l';.^-l^;^l'^•^ 

the nineteenth President of 
tlie United States, was born in 
Delaware, O., Oct. 4, 1822, al- 
most three months after the 
death of his father, Rutherford 
,4 Hayes. His ancestry on both 
' the paternal and maternal sides, 
I was of the most honorable char- 
^ acter. It can be traced, it is said, 
as far back as r28o, when Hayes and 
Rutherford were two Scottish chief- 
tains, fighting side by side with 
Baliol, William Wallace and Robert 
Bruce. Both families belonged to the 
nobility, owned extensive estates, 
and had a large following. Misfor- 
rane cv»-r<iking the family, George Hayes left Scot- 
land in 16S0, and settled in Windsor, Conn. His son 
George wai bom in Windsor, and remained there 
during his li/e. Daniel Hayes, son of the latter, mar- 
ried Sarah L;e, and lived from the time of his mar- 
riage until his death in Simsbury, Conn. Ezckiel, 
son of Daniel, was born in 1724, and was a manufac- 
turer of scythes at Bradford, Conn. Rutherford Hayes, 
son of E7.ekiel aiid grandfather of President Hayes, was 
bom in NewHavcn, in .\ugust, 1756. He was a famier, 
blacksmith and tavern-keeper. He emigrated to 
Vermont at an uiiknown date, settling in Braitlelwro, 
where he established a hotel. Here his son Ruth- 
erford Hayes the father of President Hayes, was 

born. He was married, in September, 1813, to Sophia 
Birchard, of Wilmington, Vt., whose ancestors emi- 
grated thither from Connecticut, tliey having been 
among the wealthiest and best famlies of Norwich. 
Her ancestry on the male side are traced back to 
t635, to John Birchard, one of the principal founders 
of Norwich. Both of her grandfathers were soldiers 
in the Revolutionary War. 

The father of President Hayes was an industrious 
frugal and opened-hearted man. He was of a me- 
chanical turn, and could mend a plow, knit a stock, 
ing, or do almost anything else that he choose to 
undertake. He was a member of the Church, active 
in all the benevolent enterprises of the town, and con- 
ducted his business on Christian principles. After 
the close of the war of 1S12, for reasons inexplicable 
to his neighbors, he resolved to emigrate to Ohio. 

The journey from Vermont to Ohio in that day 
when there were no canals, steamers, not railways, 
was a very serious affair. A tour of inspection was 
first made, occupying four months. Mr. Hayes deter 
mined to iflove to Delaware, where the family arrived 
in 1817. He died July 22, 1822, a victim of malarial 
fever, less than three months before the birth of the 
son, of whom we now write. Mrs. Hayes, in her sore be- 
reavement, found the su])port she so nnich needed in 
her brother Sardis, who had been a member of the 
household from the day of its departure from Ver- 
mont, and in an orphan girl whom she had adopted 
some time before as an act of charity. 

Mrs. Hayes at this period was very weak, and the 



subject of this sketch was so feeble at birth that he 
was not expected to live beyond a month or two at 
most. As the months went by he grew weaker and 
weaker, so that the neighbors were in the habit of in- 
quiring from time to time " if Mrs. Hayes' baby died 
last night." On one occasion a neighbor, who was on 
familiar terms with the family, after alluding to the 
l)oy's big head, and the mother's assiduous care of 
nim, said in a bantering way, " That's right ! Stick to 
him. You have got him along so far, and I shouldn't 
wonder if he would really come to something yet." 

" You need not laugh," said Mrs. Hayes. " You 
ivait and see. You can't tell but I shall make him 
President of the United States yet." The boy lived, 
in spite of the universal predictions of his speedy 
death; and when, in 1825, his older brother was 
drowned, he became, if possible, still dearer to hii; 

The boy was seven years old before he wc;nt to 
school. His education, however, was not neglected. 
He probably learned as much from his mother and 
fister as he would have done at school. His sports 
were almost wholly within doors, his playmates being 
his sister and her associates. These circumstances 
tended, no doubt, to foster that gentleness of dispo- 
sition, and that delicate consideration for the feelings 
of others, which are marked traits of his character. 

His uncle Sardis Birchard took the deepest interest 
,in his education; and as the boy's health had im- 
proved, and he was making good progress in his 
studies, he proposed to send him to college. His pre- 
paration commenced with a tutor at home; bit he 
was afterwards sent for one year to a professor in the 
Wesleyan University, in Middletown, Conn. He en- 
tered Kenyon College in 1838, at the age of sixteen, 
and was graduated at the head of his class in 1842. 

Immediately after his graduation he began the 
study of law in the office of Tiiomas Sparrow, Esq., 
in Columbus. Finding his opportunities for study in 
Columbus somewhat limited, he determined to enter 
the Law School at Cambridge, Mass., where he re- 
mained two years. 

In 1845, after graduating at the Law School, he was 
admitted to the bar at Marietta, Ohio, and shortly 
afterward went into practice as an attorney-at-law 
with Ralph P. Buckland, of Fremont. Here he re- 
mained three years, acquiring but a limited practice, 
and apparently unambitious of distinction in his pro- 

Vi 1849 he niOved to Cincmnati, where his ambi- 
tion found a new stimulus. For several years, how- 
ever, his progress was slow. Two events, occurring at 
this period, had a powerful influence u[)on his sulise- 
quent '.ife. One of these was his marrage with Miss 
Lucy Ware Webb, daughter of Dr. James Webb, of 
Chilicothe; the othei' was his introduction to the Cin- 
cinnati Literary Club, a body embracing among its 
members such men as'^hief Justice Salmon P.Chase, 

Gen. John Pope, Gov. Edward F. Noyes, and many 
others hardly less distinguished in after life. The 
marriage was a fortunate one in every respect, as 
everybody knows. Not one of all the wives of our 
Presidents was more universally admired, reverenced 
and beloved than was Mrs. Hayes, and no one did 
more than she to reflect honor upon American woman 
hood. The Literary Cluu brought Mr. Hayes into 
constant association with young men of high char- 
acter and noble aims, and lured him to display the 
qualities so long hidden by his bashfulne;s and 

In 1856 he was nominated to the office of Judge di 
the Court of Common Pleas ; but he declined to ac. 
cept the nomination. Two years later, the office of 
city solicitor becoming vacant, the City Co'incil 
elected him for the unexpired term. 

In 1 86 1, when the Rebellion broke out, he was at 
the zenith of his professional lif,. His rank at the 
bar was among the the first. But the news of the 
attack on Fort Sumpter found him eager to take -id 
arms for the defense of his country. 

His military record was bright and illustrious. In 
October, 186 1, he was made Lieutenant-Colonel, and 
in August, 1862, promoted Colonel of the 79th Ohio 
regiment, but he refused to leave his old comrades 
and go among strangers. Subsequently, however, he 
was made Colonel of his old regiment. At the battle 
of South Mountain he received a wound, and while 
faint and bleeding displayed courage and fortitude 
that won admiration from all. 

Col. Hayes was detached from his regiment, after 
his recovery, to act as Brigadier-General, and placed 
in command of the celebrated Kanawha division, 
and for gallant and meritorious services in the battles 
of Winchester, Fisher's Hill and Cedar Creek, he was 
promoted Brigadier-General. He was also brevetted 
Major-General, "forgallant and distinguished f ervices 
during the campaigns of 1864, in West Virginia." In 
the course of his arduous services, four horses were 
shot from under him, and he was wounded four times 

In 1864, Gen. Hayes was elected to Congress, from 
the Second Ohio District, which had long been Dem- 
ocratic. He was not present during the campaign, 
and after his election was importuned to resign his 
commission in the army ; but he finally declared, " I 
shall never come to Washington until I can come by 
the way of Richmond." He was re-elected in 1866. 

In 1867, Gen Hayes was elected Governor of Ohio, 
over Hon. Allen G. Thumian, a popular Democrat. 
In 1869 was re-eiected over George H. Pendleton. 
He was elected Governor for the third term in 1875. 

In 1876 he was the standard bearer of the Repub- 
lican Party in the Presidential contest, and after a 
hard long contest was chosen President, and was in 
augurated Monday, March 5, 1875. He served his 
full term, not, hcwever, with satisfaction to his party, 
but his administration was an average o?^^ 



^ (yi^'^^^/<r( 

tivf.xtieth rRES/DEixr. 




^r'>- < JAMES A, tiAKFIELI). 


\ l<i 





:cth President of the United 
II ,.| "uites, was l)orn Nov. 19, 
^■. )j 1S31, in the woods of Orange, 
^' ■' Cuyahoga Co., O His par- 
eius were Abram and Eliza 
I'.allou) Garfield, both of New 
I England ancestr)- and from fami- 
I lies well known in the early his- 
[fi lory of that section of our coun- 
try, but had moved to the Western 
Reserve, in Ohio, early in its settle- 

The house in which James A. was 
born was not unlike llie houses of 
poor Ohio farmers of that day. It 
.<;£ about 20x30 feet, built of logs, witli the spaces be- 
.\/aen the logs filled with clay. His father was a 
lard working fanner, and he soon had his fields 
cleared, an orchard planted, and a log barn built, 
file household comprised the father and mother and 
heir four cjiildren — Mehetabcl, Thomas, Mary and 
'ames. In May, 1S23, the father, from a cold con- 
.racted in helping to \mt out a forest fire, died. At 
'his lime James was about eighteen months old, and 
Thomas about ten years old. No one, perhaps, can 
icll how much James was indebted to his biother's 
(cil and self-sacrifice during the twenty years suc- 
ceeding his father's death, but undoubtedly very 
much. He now lives in Michigan, and the two sis- 
itrs live in .Solon, O., near their birthplace. 

The early educational advantages young Garfield 
enjoyed were very limited, yet he made the most of 
them. He labored at farm work for others, did car- 
penter work, chopped wood, or did anything that 
would i)ring in a few dollars to aid his widowed 
mother in he' ^Ji-nggles to keep the little family to- 

gether. Nor was Gen. Garfield ever ashamed of his 
origin, and he never forgot the friends of his strug- 
gling childhood, youth and manhood, neither did they 
ever forget him. When in the highest seats of honor, 
the humblest fiiend of his boyhood was as kindly 
greeted as ever. The jMorest laborer was sure of the 
sympathy of one who had known all the bitterness 
of want and the sweetness of bread earned by the 
sweat of the brow. He was ever the simple, plain, 
modest gentleman. 

The highest ambition of young Garfield until hi 
was about sixteen years old was to be a captain of 
a vessel on Lake Erie. He was anxious to go aboard 
a vessel, which his mother strongly opposed. She 
finally consented to his going to Cleveland, with the 
understanding, however, that he should try to obtain 
some other kind of employment. He walked all the 
way to Cleveland. This was his first visit to the city 
After making many applications for work, and trying 
to get aboard a lake vessel, and not meeting with 
success, he engaged as a driver for his cousin, Amos 
Letcher, on the Ohio & Pennsylvania Canal. He re- 
mained at this work but a short time when he wen* 
home, and attended the seminar;' at Chester for 
about three years, when he entered Hiram and the 
Eclectic Institute, teaching a few terms of school in 
the meantime, and doing other work. This school 
was started by the Disciples of Christ in 1850, of 
which church he was then a member. He became 
janitor and bell-ringer in order to help pay his way 
He then became both teacher and ])upil. He soon 
"exhausted Hiram "and needed more; hence, in the 
fall of 1854, he entered Williams College, from which 
he graduated in 1856, taking one of the liighest lien- 
ors of his class. He afterwards relumed to Hiram 
College as its Presit'ent. As above slated, he early 
united with the Christian or Diciples Church at 
Hiram, and was ever after a devoted, zealous mem- 
ber, often preaching in its pulpit and places where 
he happened to be. Dr. Noah Porter, President of 
Yale College, says cf him in reference to his religion : 



" President Garfield was more than a man of 
strong moral and religious convictions. His whole 
history, from boyhood to the last, shows that duty to 
man and to God, and devotion to Christ and life and 
faith and spiritual commission were controlling springs 
of his being, and to a more than usual degree. In 
my judgment there is no more interesting feature of 
his character than his loyal allegiance to the body of 
Christians in which he was trained, and the fervent 
sympathy which he ever showed in their Christian 
communion. Not many of the few 'wise and mighty 
and noble who are called' show a similar loyalty to 
the less stately and cultured Christian comnmnions 
in which they have been reared. Too often it is true 
that as they step upward in social and political sig- 
nificance they step upward from one degree to 
another in some of the many types of fashionable 
Christianity. President Garfield adhered to the 
::hurch of his mother, the church in which he was 
trained, and in which he served as a pillar and an 
evangelist, and yet with the largest and most unsec- 
*arian charity for all 'who loveour Lord in sincerity.'" 

Mr. Garfield was united in marriage with Miss 
Lucretia Rudolph, Nov. ii, 1858, who proved herself 
worthy as the wife of one whom all the world loved and 
mourned. To them were born seven children, five of 
whom are still living, four boys and one girl. 

Mr. Garfield made his first political speeches in 1856, 
in Hiram and the neighboring villages, and three 
years later he began to speak at county mass-meet- 
ings, and became the favorite speaker wherever he 
was. During this year he was elected to the Ohio 
Senate. He also began to study law at Cleveland, 
and in 1861 was admitted to the bar. The great 
Rebellion broke out in the early part of this year, 
and Mr. Garfield at once resolved to fight as he had 
talked, and enlisted to defend the old flag. He re- 
ceived his commission as Lieut. -Colonel of the Forty- 
second Regiment of Ohio Volunteer Infantry, Aug. 
r4, 1861. He was immediately put into active ser- 
vice, and before he had ever seen a gun fired in action, 
was placed in command of four regiments of infantry 
and eight companies of cavalry, charged with the 
work of driving out of his native State the officer 
{Humphrey Marshall) reputed to be the ablest of 
those, not educated to war whom Kentucky had given 
to the Rebellion. This work was bravely and speed- 
ily accomplished, although against great odds. Pres- 
ident Lincoln, on his success commissioned him 
Brigadier-General, Jan. 10, 1862; and as "he had 
been the youngest man in the Ohio Senate two years 
before, so now he was the youngest General in the 
army." He was with Gen. Buell's army at Shiloh, 
in itsoperations around Corinth and its march through 
Alabama. He was then detailed as a member of the 
General Court-Martial for the trial of Gen. Fitz-John 
Porter. He was then ordered to report to Gen. Rose- 
crans, and was assigned to the " Chief of Staff." 

The military l>Jstory of Gen. Garfield closed with 

his brilliant services at Chickamauga, where he won 
the stars of the Major-General. 

Without an effort on his part Gei? Garfield was 
elected to Congress in the fall of 1862 from the 
Nineteenth District of Ohio. This section of Ohio 
had been represented in Congress for sixty year* 
mainly by two men — Elisha Whittlesey and Joshui. 
R. Giddings. It was not without a struggle that he 
resigned his place in the army. At the time he en- 
tered Congress he was the youngest member in that 
body. There he remained by successive re- 
elections until he was elected President in 1880. 
Of his labors in Congress Senator Hoar says : " Since 
the year 1864 you cannot think of a question which 
has been debated in Congress, or discussed before & 
tribunel of the American people, in regard to whicL 
you will not find, if you wish mstruction, the argu, 
ment on one side stated, in almost every instance 
better than by anybody else, in some speech made in 
the House of Representatives or on the hustings by 
Mr. Garfield." 

Upon Jan. 14, 1880, Gen. Garfield was elected to 
the U. S. Senate, and on the eighth of June, of tlie 
same year, was nominated as the candidate of his 
party for President at the great Chicago Convention- 
He was elected in the following November, and on 
March 4, 1881, was inaugurated. Probably no ad- 
ministration ever opened its existence under brighter 
auspices than that of President Garfield, and every 
day it grew in favor with the people, and by the first 
of July he had completed all the initiatory and pre- 
liminary work of his administration and' was prepar- 
ing to leave the city to meet his friends at Williams 
College. While on his way and at the depot, in com- 
pany with Secretary Blaine, a man stepped behind 
him, drew a revolver, and fired directly at his back. 
The President tottered and fell, and as he did so the 
assassin fired a second shot, the bullet cutting the 
left coat sleeve of his victim, but in.licting no further 
injury. It has been very truthfully said that this was 
" the shot that was heard round the world " Never 
before in the history of the Nation had anything oc- 
curred which so nearly froze the blood of the peop"-; 
for the moment, as this awful deed. He was smit- 
ten on the brightest, gladdest day of all his life, and 
was at the summit of his power and hope. For eighty 
days, all during the hot months of July and August, 
he lingered and suffered. He, however, remained 
master of himself till the last, and by his magnificent 
bearing was teaching the country and the world the 
noblest of human lessons — how to live grandly in the 
very clutch of death. Great in life, he was surpass- 
ingly great in death. He passed serenely away Sept. 
19, 1883, at Elberon, N. J, on the very bank of the 
ocean, where he had been taken shortly previous. The 
worid wept at his death, as it never had done on the 
death of any other man who had ever lived upon it. 
The murderer was duly tried, found guilty and exe- 
cuted, in one year after he committed the foul deed. 








twenty-first Presi'l.iii of the 

United States was born in 

Franklin Courty, Vermont, on 

thefifthofOdober, 1830, andis 

he oldest of a family of two 

>ons and five daughters. His 

father was the Rev. Dr. William 

Arthur, a Baptist cJ.rgyman, who 

emigrated to tb.s country from 

the county Ant.nm, Ireland, in 

his 1 8th year, and died in 1875, in 

Newtonville, neai Albany, after a 

long and successful ministry. 

Young Arthur was educated at 
Union College, S( henectady, where 
he excelled in all his studie-;. Af- 
ter his graduation he taught school 
in Vermont for two years, and at 
the expiration cf that time came to 
New York, with S500 '" his [locket, 
and entered the office of ex-Judge 
E. D. Culver as student. After 
I being admitted to the bar he formed 
a partnership with his intimate friend and room-mate, 
Henry D. Gardiner, with the intention of practicing 
in the West, and for three months they roamed alwut 
in the Western States in search of an eligible site, 
but in the end returned to New York, where they 
hung out their shingle, and entered upon a success^ 
ful career almost from the start. General Arthur 
toon afterward nMxr^d the daughter of Lieutenant 

Hemdon, of the United States Navy, who was lost at 
sea. Congress voted a gold medal to his widow in 
recognition of the bravery he displayed on that occa- 
sion. Mrs. Arthur died shortly before Mr. Arthur's 
nommation to the Vice Presidency, leaving two 

(ien. Arthur obtained considerable legal celebrity 
in his first great case, the famous Lemmon suit, 
brought to recover possession of eight slaves who had 
been declared free by Judge Paine, of the Superior 
Court of New York City. It was in 1852 that Jon. 
athan Lemmon, of Virginia, went to New York with 
his slaves, intending to ship them to Texas, when 
they were discovered and freed. The Judge decided 
that they could not be held by the owner under the 
Fugitive Slave Law. A howl of rage went up from 
the South, and the Virginia Legislature authorized the 
Attorney General of that State to assist in an appeal. 
W^m. M. F>varts and Chester A. Arthur were employeii 
to represent the People, and they won their case, 
which then went to the Supreme Court of the United 
States. Charles O'Conor here espoused the cause 
of the slave-holders, but he too was beaten by Messrs 
Evarts and .\rthur, and a long step was taken toward 
the emancipation of the black race. 

Another great service was rendered by General 
Arthur in the same cause in 1856. Lizzie Jennings, 
a respectable colored woman, was put off a Fourth 
Avenue car with violence after she had paid her fare. 
General Arthur sued on her behalf, and secured a 
verdict of $500 damages. The next day the comjia- 
ny issued an order to admit colored persons to ride 
on their cars, and the other car companies quickly 


followed their example. Before that the Sixth Ave- 
nue Gampany ran a few special cars for colored per- 
sons and the other lines refused to let them ride at all. 

General Arthur was a delegate to the Convention 
at Saratoga that founded the Republican party. 
Previous to the war he was Judge-Advocate of the 
Second Brigade of the State of New York, and Gov- 
ernor Morgan, of that State, appointed hmi Engineer- 
in-Chief of his staff. In 1861, he was made Inspec- 
tor General, and soon afterward became Quartermas- 
ter-General. In each of these offices he rendered 
great service to the Government during the war. At 
the end of Governor Morgan's term he resumed the 
practice of the law, forming a partnership with Mr. 
Ransom, and then Mr. Phelps, the District Attorney 
of New York, was added to the firm. The legal prac- 
tice of this well-known firm was very large and lucra- 
tive, each of the gentlemen composing it were able 
lawyers, and possessed a splendid local reputation, if 
not indeed one of national extent. 

He always took a leading part in State and city 
politics. He was appointed Collector of the Port of 
New York by President Grant, Nov. 21 1872, to suc- 
ceed Thomas Murphy, and held the office until July, 
20, 1878, when he was succeeded by Collector Merritt. 

Mr. Arthur was nominated on the Presidential 
ticket, with Gen. James A. Garfield, at the famous 
National RejJublican Convention held at Chicago in 
June, t88o. This was perhaps the greatest political 
convention that ever assembled on the continent. It 
was composed of the Jsading politicians of the Re- 
publican party, all able men, and each stood firm and 
fought vigorously and with signal tenacity for their 
respective candidates that were before the conven- 
tion for the nomination. Finally Gen. Garfield re- 
ceived the nomination for President and Gen. Arthur 
for Vice-President. The campaign which followed 
was one of the most animated known in the history of 
our country. Gen. Hancock, the standard-bearer of 
the Democratic party, was a popular man, and his 
party made a valiant fight for his election. 

Finally the election came and the country's choice 
was Garfield and Arthur. They were inaugurated 
March 4, i88t, as President and Vice-President. 
A few months only had passed ere the newly chosen 
President was the victim of the assassin's bullet. Then 
came terrible weeks of suffering, — those moments of 
anxious suspense, when the hearts of all civilized na- 

tions were throbbing in unison, longing for the re- 
covery of the noble, the good President. The remark- 
able patience that he manifested during those hours 
and weeks, and even months, of the most terrible suf- 
fering man has often been called upon to endure, was 
seemingly more than human. It was certainly God- 
like. During all this period of deepest anxiety Mr, 
Arthur's every move was watched, and be it said to hi? 
credit that his every action displayed only an earnest 
desire that the suffering Garfield might recover, to 
serve the remainder of the term he had so auspi- 
ciously begun. Not a selfish feeling was manifested* 
in deed or look of this man, even though the most 
honored ]X)sition in the world was at any moment 
likely to fall to him. 

At last God in his mercy relieved President Gar- 
field from further suffering, and the world, as nevei 
before in its history over the death of any othei 
man, wept at his bier. Then it became the duty o) 
the Vice President to assume the responsibilities ol 
the high office, and he took the oath in New York. 
Sept. 20, 1881. The position was an embarrassing 
one to him, made doubly so from the facts that all 
eyes were on him, anxious to know what he would do, 
what policy he would pursue, and who he would se- 
lect as advisers. The duties of the office had been 
greatly neglected during the President's long illness,' 
and many important measures were to be immediately 
decided by him ; and still farther to embarrass him he 
did not fail to realize under what circumstances he 
became President, and knew the feelings of many on 
this point. Under these trying circumstances President 
Arthur took the reins of the Government in his owi. 
hands ; and, as embarrassing as were the condition of 
affairs, he happily surprised the nation, acting so 
wisely !hat but few criticised his administration. 
He served the nation well and faithfully, until the 
close of his administration, March 4, 1885, and was 
a popular candidate before his party for a second 
term. His name was ably presented before the con- 
vention at Chicago, and was received with great 
favor, and doubtless but for the personal popularity 
of one of the opposing candidates, he would have 
been selected as the standard-bearer of his party 
for another campaign. He retired to private life car- 
rying with him the best wishes of the American peo- 
ple, whom he had served in a manner satisfactory 
to them and with credit to himself. 


; C/^C-o<^/cuiy^i 



1' -1 *. ^^^^^r"- 

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J -~ 

•~-; •♦■ ♦ V. 


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C~' C ^ 


LAND, the twenty second Pres- 
ident of the United States, was 
l)orn in 1837, in the obscure 
town of Cildwell, Essex Co., 
N. J., and in a little t«'o-and-a- 
half-story white house which is still 
standing, characteristically to mark 
the humble i)irth-|>lace of one of 
America's great men in striking con- 
trast with the Old World, where all 
men high in office must be high in 
origin and born in the cradle of 

? wealth. When the subject of this 

sketch was three years of age, his 
father, who was a Presbyterian min- 
ister, with a large family and a small salary, moved, 
by way o'. the Hudson River and Erie Canal, to 
Fayetteville, in search of an increased income and a 
larger field of work. Fayetteville was then the most 
straggling of country villages, about five miles from 
Pompey Hill, where CJovernor Seymour was born. 

At the last mentioned place young Grover com- 
menced going to school in the "good, old-fashioned 
way," and presumably distinguished himself after the 
manner of all village boys, in doing the things he 
ought not to do. Such is the distinguishing trait of 
all geniuses and independent thinkers. Wh<;n he 
arrived at the age of 14 years, he had outgrown the 
.cmpacity of the village school and expressed a most 

emphatic desire to be sent to an academy. To thia 
his father decidedly objected. Academies in those 
days cost money; besides, his father wanted him to 
become self-supporting by the quickest possible 
means, and this at that time in Fayetteville seemed 
to be a ixjsition in a country store, where his father 
and the large family on his hands had considerable 
inrtiience. Grover was to be paid 35° for his services 
llie first year, and if he proved trustworthy he was to 
receive $100 the second year. Here the lad com- 
menced his career as salesman, and in two years he 
had earned so good a reputation for trustworthiness 
that his employers desired to retain him for an in- 
definite length of time. Otherwise he did not ex- 
hibit as yet any particular " flashes of genius " or 
eccentricities of talent. He was simply a good boy. 
But instead of remaining with this firm in Fayette- 
ville, he went with the family in their removal to 
Clinton, where he had an opportunity of attending a 
high school. Here he industriously pursued his 
studies until the family removed with him to a point 
on Black River known as tiie " Holland Patent," a 
villaije of 500 or 600 people, 15 miles north of Utica, 
M. Y. At this place his father died, after preaching 
hut three Sundays. This event broke up the family, 
and Grover set out for New York City to accept, at a 
small salary, the position of " under-teacher " in an 
asylum for the blind. He taught faithfully for two 
years, and although he obtained a good reputation in 
this capacity, he concluded that teaching was not his 



calling for life, and, reversing the traditional order, 
tie left the city tc seek his fortupp. inst="'' -f '^'^-nig 
to a city. He firsc mougnt ot Cleveland, Uhio, as 
there was some charm in that name for him; but 
before proceeding to that place he went to Buffalo to 
isk the advice of his uncle, Lewis F. Allan, a noted 
stockbreeder of that place. The latter did not 
sp.-iak enthusiastically. "What is it you want to do, 
my boy?" he asked. "Well, sir, I want to study 
lav," was the reply. "Good gracious!" remark(;d 
■h« old gentleman ; " do you, indeed .'' What ever put 
that into your head' How much money have you 
got?" "Well, sir, to tell the truth, I haven't got 

After a long consultation, his uncle offered him a 
place temporarily as assistant herd-keeper, at $50 a 
year, wiiile iic could "look around." One day soon 
afterward he boldly walked into the office of Rogers, 
Bowen & Rogers, of Buffalo, and told Ihem what he 
wanted. A number of young men were already en- 
gaged in the office, but Grover's persistency won, and 
ne was finally permitted to come as an office boy and 
Have the use of the law library, for the nominal sum 
of $3 or $4 a week. Out of this he had to pay for 
his board and washing. The walk to and from his 
uncle's was a long and rugged one; and, although 
the first winter was a memorably severe one, his 
shoes were out of repair and his overcoat — he had 
none — yet he was nevertheless prompt and regular. 
On the first day of his service here, his senior em- 
ployer threw down a copy of Blackstone before him 
with a bang that made the dust fly, saying "That's 
where they all begin." A titter ran around the little 
circle of clerks and students, as they thought that 
was enough to scare young Grover out of his plans ; 
out indue time he mastered that cumbersome volume. 
Then, as ever afterward, however, Mr. Cleveland 
exhibited a talent for e.Kecutiveness rather than for 
chasing principles through all their metaphysical 
possibilities. " Let us quit talking and go and do 
't,"was practically his motto. 

The first public office to which Mr. Cleveland was 
elected was that of Sheriff of Erie Co., N. Y , in 
which Buffalo is situated; and in such capacity it fell 
to his duty to inflict capital pi'-'.ishment upon two 
cjiminals. In 1881 he vims elected Mayor of the 
City of Buffalo, oa the Democratic ticket, v/ith es- 
pecial reference to the bringing about certain reforms 

in the administration of the municipal affairs of that 
c't-.r T,, thij office, a? well as that of Sheriff, his 
periormance of duty has generally been considered 
fair, with possibly a few exceptions which were fer- 
reted out and magnified during the last Presidential 
campaign. As a specimen of his plain language in 
a veto message, we quote from one vetoing an iniTui 
tous street-cleaning contract: "This is a time io\ 
plain speech, and my objection to your action shall 
be plainly stated. I regard it as the culmination cf 
a mos bare-faced, impudent and shameless scheme 
to betray the interests of the people and to wors3 
than squander the people's money." The New York 
Sun afterward very highly commended Mr. Cleve- 
land's administration as Mayor of Buffalo, and there- 
upon recommended him for Governor of the Empire 
State. To the latter office he was elected in 18S2 
and his administration of the affairs of State was 
generally satisfactory. The mistakes he made, if 
any, were made very public throughout the nation 
after he was nominated for President of the United 
States. For this high office he was nominated July 
II, 1884, by the National Democratic Convention at 
Chicago, when other competitors were Thomas F. 
Bayard, Roswell P. Flower, Thomas A. Hendricks, 
Benjamin F. Butler, Allen G. Thurman, etc.; and he 
was elected by the people, by a majority of about a 
tliousand, over the brilliant and long-tried Repub- 
lican statesman, James G. Blaine. President Cleve- 
land resigned his office as Governor of New York in 
January, 1885, in order to prepare for his duties as 
the Chief Executive of the United States, in which 
ca[)acity his term commenced at noon on the 4th ot 
March, 1885. For his Cabinet officers he selected 
the following gentlemen: For Secretary of State, 
Thomas F. Bayard, of Delaware ; Secretary of the 
Treasury, Daniel Manning, of New York ; Secretary 
of War, William C. Endicott, of Massachusetts ; 
Secretary of the Navy, William C. Whitney, of New 
York ; Secretary of the Interior, L. Q. C. Lamar, of 
Mississippi; Postmaster-General, William F. Vilas, 
of Wisconsin; Attorney-General, A. H. Garland, of 

The silver question precipitated a controverr,y be- 
tweer those who were in favor of the continuance of 
silver coiiage and those who were opposed, Mr. 
Clevela;-.d ansv/ering for the latter, even befori» his 









Lwciily-lliiril I'rt'sidenl, is 
tlie descendant of one of the 
liistorical families of tliis 
country. The head of the 
familj' was a Major General 
Harrison, one of Oliver 
Cromwell's trusted follow- 
ers and fighters. In the zenith of Crom- 
well's power it became tli\- duty of this 
Harrison to participate ui the trial of 
Charles I, and afterward tc sign the 
death warrant of the king. He subse- 
quently paid for this with his life, being 
hung Oct. 13, ICGO. His descendante 
came to America, and the next of the 
family that apjK'ars in history is Henja- 
rcin Harrison, of Virginia, great-grand- 
father of the subject of this sketch, and 
after whom he was named. Benjamin Harrison 
was a member of the Continental Congress during 
the years i774-5-C, and was one of the original 
signers of the Declaration of Iiidei>eiidcuce. He 
mt" three times elected Governor of Virginia. 
Gen William Henry Harrison, the son of the 

distinguished patriot of the Revolution, after a suo- 
cessful career as a soldier during the War of 181 2, 
and with-a clean record as Governor of the North- 
western Territory, was elected President of the 
Uniterl States in 1840. His caroer was cut short 
by death within one month ifter liis ia"uguration. 
President Harrison w*-- bcrn at Nor''-. IV-nd, 
Hamilton Co., Ohio, Aug. "0, 18a3 His life up to 
the time of his graduation by the Miami University, 
at Oxford, Ohio, was the uneventful one of a coun- 
try lail of a family of small means. Ilis father was 
able to give hina a good education, and nothing 
more. He became cng.igcd while at college to thi 
daughter of Dr. Scott, Principal of a female schoo 
at Oxford. After graduating he determined to en- 
tcr ui»oii the study of the law. He went Ui Cin 
cinnati and then read law for two years. At the 
expiration of that time young Harrison received th'j 
only inheritance of his life; his ai'.nt dying left liim 
a lot valued at #800. He regarded this legac}' as a 
fortune, and decided to get married at once, 'aka 
this money and go to some E;istern town an '. be- 
giu the practice of law. He sold his lot, and rvith 
the monc}' in bis pocket, he started out witu bin 
young wife to fight for a place in the world Me 



decided to go to Indianapolis, which was even at 
that time a town of promise. He met with sliglit 
encouragement at first, making scarcely anything 
tlie first year. He worked diligently, applying him- 
self closely to his calling, built up an extensive 
practice and took a leading rank in the legal pro- 
i'ession. He is the father of two children. 

In 186G Mr. Harrison was nominated for the 
position of Supreme Court Reporter, and then be- 
gan his experience as a stump speakei He can- 
vassed the State thoroughly, and was elected by a 
handsome majority. In 1862 he raised the 17th 
Indiana Infantry, and was chosen its Colonel. His 
regiment was composed of *;he rawest of material, 
out Col. Harrison employed all his time at first 
mastering military tactics and drilling his men, 
when he therefore came to move toward the East 
with Sherman his regiment was one of the best 
^Jrilled and organized in the army. At Resaca he 
especially distinguished himself, and for his bravery 
at Peachtree Creek be was made a Brigadier Gen- 
eral, Gen. Hooker speaking of him in the most 
complimentary terms. 

During the absence of Gen. Harrison in the field 
he Supreme Court declared the office of the Su- 
preme Court Reporter vacant, and another person 
was elected to the position. From the time of leav- 
ing Indiana with his regiment until the fall or 1864 
he had taken no leave of absence, but having been 
nominated that year for the same office, he got a 
thirty-day leave of absence, and during that time 
made a brilliant canvass of the State, and was elected 
for another term. He then started to rejoin Sher- 
man, but on the way was stricken down with scarlet 
lever, and after a most trying siege made his way 
to the front in time to participate in the closing 
incidents of the war. 

In 1868 Gen. Harrison declined ^ re-election as 
reporter, and resumed the practice of law. In 1876 
he was a candidate for Governor. Although de- 
bated, the brilliant campaign hb made won ior him 
a National reputation, and he was much sought, es- 
pecial.y in the East, to make speeches. In 1880, 
as usual, he took an active part In the campaign, 
ind wii' elected to the United States Senate. Here 
lie sei-ved six years, and ras known as one ci the 
tbiest men, best lawyer^ c.nd strongest debaters in 

that body. With the expiration of his Senatona 
term he returned to the practice of his profession 
becoming the head of one of the strongest firms ii 
the State. 

The political campaign of 1888 was one of thi 
most memorable in the history of our countiy. Thi 
convention which assembled in Chicago in June anc 
named Mr. Harrison as the chief standard bearei 
of the Republican party, was great in every partic 
ular, and on this account, and the attitude it as 
sumed upon the vital questions of the day, chie: 
among which was the tariff, awoke a deep interes 
in the campaign throughout the Nation. Shortly 
after the nomination delegations began to visit Mr 
Harrison at Indianapolis, his home. This move 
ment became popular, and from all sections of th( 
country societies, clubs and delegations journeyec 
thither to pay their respects to the distinguishec 
statesman. The popularity of these was greatlj 
increased on account of the remarkable speeches 
made by Mr. Harrison. He spoke daily all through 
the summer and autumn to these visiting delega. 
tions, and so varied, masterly and eloquent wen 
his speeches that they at once placed him in th« 
foremost rank of American orators and statesmen 

On account of his eloquence as a speaker and hi; 
power as a debater, he was called upon at an un- 
commonly early age to take part in the discussior 
of the great questions that then began to agitate 
the country. He was an uncompromising anti 
slavery man, and was matched against some of tLe 
most eminent Democratic siaeakers of his State, 
No man who felt the touch of his blade derred tt 
be pitted with him again. With all his e'oq-'enc( 
as an orator he never spoke for oratorical effect, 
but his words alwaj's went like bullets to the mark 
He is purely American in his ideas and is a splec 
did type of the American statesman. Gifted witL 
quick perception, a logical mind and a ready tongue, 
he is one of the most distinguished impromptu 
speakers in the Nation. Many of these speeches 
sparkled with the rarest of eloquence and contained 
arguments of greatest weight. Many of his terse 
statements have alreadj" become aphorisms. Origi- 
nal in thought precise in logic, terse in statement, 
jet withal faultless in eloquence, he is lecogTiized as 
the sound statesman and bnlKan orator c tj, day 





- ^^) 


JHE time has arrived when it 
becomes tlie duty of the 
people of this county to per- 
petuate the names of their 
pioneers, to furnish a record 
of their early settlement, 
•'= and relate tiie story of tlieir 
progress. The civilization of our 
day, the enlightenment ot tlie age 
and the duly that men of the pres- 
ent lime owe to their ancestors, to 
themselves and to their jKJsterity, 
demand that a record of their lives 
and deeds should Ive made. In bio- 
graphical history is found a power 
to instruct man by precedent, to 
enliven the mental faculties, and 
"^ ' to waft down the river of time a 

safe vessel in which the names and actions of the 
people who contributed to raise this country from its 
primitive state may be preserv..'d. .Surely and rapidly 
the great and aged men, who m their jirime entered 
the wilderness and claimed the virgin soil as their 
heritage, are passing to their graves. The number re- 
maining who can relate the incidents of the first days 
jf settlement is becoming small indeed, so that an 
actual necessity exists for llie collection and preser- 
vation of events without delay, before all the early 
settlers are cut down by the scythe of Time. 

To be forgotten has been the great dread of mankind 
from remotest ages. .-Vll will be forgotten soon enough, 
in spite of their best works and the most e.irnest 
efforts of their friends to iH.rserve the memory of 
their lives. The employed to prevent oblivion 
and to i)er|)etuate their memory has been in \)ro\Kir- 
tion to the amount of intelligence they |wssessed. 
Th : pyramids of Kgypt were built to per|)etMate the 
names and deeds of their great rulers. The exhu- 
mations ni.ide by the aicheologists of Kgypt trom 
buried Meu-.phis indicate a desire of those people 

to perpetuate the memory of their achievements 
The erection of the great obelisks were for tl-.e same 
pur|K)se. Coming down to a later jieriod, we find the 
Oreeks and Romans erecting mausoleums and monu- 
ments, and carving out statues to chronicle their 
great achievements and carry them down the ages. 
It is also evident that the Mound-builders, in piling 
up their great mounds of earth, had but this idea — 
to leave something to show that they had lived. All 
tliese woiks, though many of them costly in the ex- 
treme, give but a faint idea of the lives and charac- 
ters of those whose memory they were intended to 
perpetuate, and scarcely anything of the masses of 
the people that then lived. The great pyramids and 
some of tlie obelisks remain objects only of curiosity ; 
the mausoleums, monuments and statues are crum- 
bling into dust. 

It was left to modern ages to establish an intelli- 
gent, undecaying, immutalile method of perpetuating 
a full history — immutable in that it is almost un- 
limited in extent and perpetual in its action; and 
this is through the art of printing. 

To the present generation, however, we are in- 
debted for the introduction of the admirable system 
of local biography. By this system every man, thougl 
he has not achieved what the world calls greatness, 
his the means to perpetuate his life, his history, 
through the coming ages. 

The scythe of Time cuts down all ; nothing of the 
physical man is left. The monument whicii his chil- 
dren or friends may erect to his memory in the ceme- 
tery will crumble into dust and pass away; but his 
life, his achievements, the work he has accomplished, 
whii:h otherwise would be forgotten, is |)erpetuated 
by a record of this kind. 

To preserve the lineaments of our companions we 
engrave their i>oriraits, for the same reason we col- 
lect the attainable facts of their history. Nor do we 
thii-.k it necessary, as we speak only truth of them, to 
wait until they are dead, or until those who know 
them are gone: to do this we are ashamed only to 
publi-.!) t.j the world lire history of those wh()sc live* 
arc unworthy of public record 



The Wnbnsli. 

(?^-*() llie |iul)lic and mir tlii>ii.«niiils of rt-nders 
iff^\. •'• gt'iieral: It will no iloiilil lie intercstliifr 
V^^' to nil if we <jive a brief descriptioii of this 
road. 'I'lu' Walia."}!. a.- now known, lia> liecn op- 
erated under M-veral names from lime to time. It 
is the ofT.^pring, a.s it were, of the first trunk line of 
road projected in Illinois, then known a> the 
Northern C'ros- Railroad. e\tendin<^ from Danville 
to (^uiney. This was chartered in lK37,and upon 
it the lirst locomotive was placed in the winter of 
l«38-.'!'.i. runiiin<^ ficim .Meredosia, on the Illinois 
River, to Jacksonville. In \H42, the road was com- 
pleted from .lacksoiiville to Sprin<jfield. and three 
trips were made per week. The track was of the 
old flat-rail style, which made l>_v nailing thin 
strips of iron on two parallel lines of tiniliers at 
the proper distance apart, and runninir lengthwise 
of the road. The engine, as well as the road, soon 
l)ecame so imimired, that the former had to be 
abandoned, and mules substituted as the motor- 
power. However, such locomotion was destined 
to be of short duration, for the State soon after 
sold the road for a nominal sum, and thus for a 
short time was suspended one of the first railroad 
enterjirises in Illinois. Hut in the West, a new era 
— one of prodigious industrial activity and far- 
reaching result.s in the practical arts — was dawning, 
and within thirty years of the temporary failure 
of the roail mcntionc'l, Illinois had outstrip|ied all 
other Stales in gigantic internal improvements. 

and at present has more miles of railroad than any 
other State in the Union. 

The (Jreat Western, whose name has been suc- 
cessively changed to the Toledo, W.-ibash iV- Western, 
Wabash A- Wabash, St. Louis iV racilic, Wabash 
Railroad, and The Wabash, the last of which it 
still bcais, was an extension t>f the Northern Cross 
Railroad above-mentione<l, ami traverses some of 
the finest portions of Illinois, Indiana and Ohio. 
It soon became the popular highw.'iy of travel and 
tr.illic between the Kast and the West. Through a 
system of consolidation unparalleled in Anu-rican 
railroads, it become a giant among them, and added many millions of dollars to the value of 
bonds and shares rif the various companies now in- 
corporated in The Wabjush System. The road takes 
its title from the river of that name, a tributary of 
the Ohio, which in part separates the States of Illi- 
nois and Indiana. In looking over the map of 
the Wabash Railroad, it will be seen Iliat the line 
extends through the most fertile and wealthy por- 
tions of the L uited Stales, having termini at more 
large cities than any other Western road. It was 
indeed a far-reaching sag.-tcily which consolidated 
these various lines into The Wabash .System, form- 
ing one immense chain, of great commercial .ictiv- 
ity and power. Its terminal facilities are iinsur- 
piusscd by any competing line. Its general olllces 
are established in commodious ipiarters in St. 
Louis. The lines of the road are co-extensive with 
the importance of the great tiaiisportation facili- 
ties required for the products of the .Mississippi 



Valley. This line passes through the States of 
Iowa, Missouri, Illinois, Indiana, Ohio and Michi- 

The various lines of road may be divided into 
the following: 


St. Louis to Chicago 286 

Toledo to Kansas Cit3- 662 

.St. Louis to Des Moines 360 

Logansport to Detroit 207 

Chicago to Laketon .Junction 123 

Clayton to Keokuk 42 

Bluffs to Quincy 105 

Streator to Forrest 37 

Attica to Covington 15 

Champaign to Sidney 12 

Edwardsville to Edvvardsville Crossing 9 
Benieut to Altamont and Etfingham. . 63 

Brunswick to Omaha 225 

Roseberry to Clarinda 21 

Salisbury to (Tlasgow 15 

Centralia to Columbia 22 

Miles of main lines and branches 2204 

From the above exhibit it will readily be seen 
by the reader tiiatThe Wabash connects with more 
large cities and great marts of trade than any 
other line — bringing Omaha, Kansas City, Des 
Moines, Keokuk, Quincy, St. Louis, Chicago, To- 
ledo and Detroit together with one continuous 
line of steel rails. This road has an immense 
freigiit traflic of the cereals, live-stock, and various 
productions and manufactured articles of the West 
and the States through which it passes. Its facili- 
ties for rapid transit for the vast productions of 
the packing houses of Kansas City, Omaha and St. 
Louis to Detroit, Toledo and the Eastern marts of 
trade are unequaled. A large portion of the grain 
productions of Kansas, Nebraska, Iowa, Missouri, 
Illinois and Indiana finds its way to the Eastern 
markets over the lines of this road. Tlie Wabash 
has alwa3's taken an advanced position in tariffs, 
audits course toward its patrons has been just and 
liberal, so that it has always enjoyed the commen- 
dation of the business and traveling public. The 
road-bed is one of the best in the country, is bal- 
lasted with gravel and stone, and is well tied and 
laid with steel rails. 

The bridges along the various lines and branches 
are substantial structures — mostly built of steel. 

The depots, grounds and general property of the 
road are in a good condition. The ra.anagement 
of The Wabash is fully abreast of the times and the 
road is progressive in every respect. The finest 
passenger cars on the Continent are run on its 
lines, and every effort is made to advance the in- 
terests of its patrons. The passenger department 
is unexcelled for the elegant and substantial com- 
fort afforded travelers. On several of the more 
important branches of the system, dining cars are 
run, which are not surpassed for the excellence of 
their cuisine. 

— !■ 



Chicago, Burlington & Quincy Railroad and 
Leased Lines. 

^i^IlIS great trunk line with its various branches 
/Apv, and leased lines has been one of the prom- 
V^/ iiienl factors in promoting the early devel- 
opment of (Quincy and .\dams County. It covers 
more miles in the county than any other road. 
It also operates with (Quincy as an important 
terminal. The road from Quincy and Hanni- 
bal to Kansas City and St. Jose|}h; also the St. 
Louis, Keokuk & Northwestern, which has devel- 
oped an important traflic with the river towns 
and St. Louis; and the line from (Quincy to 
Burlington have proved valuable as auxiliaries 
in the agricultural development of those sections. 
Through the great Burlington System, (^uiuc_v 
has been brought into close commercial relations 
with the important cities of the Mississippi Valley, 
all having for their main termini Chicago, in 
which city the road splendid freight and pas- 
senger facilities, with miles of trackage to the very 
heart of the liusiness center. Here, also, the gen- 
eral oflices of the (Quincy System are located, in a 
fiue otHce building owned by the road. To speak 
of all the important towns and cities reached by 
the Burlington System would require more space 
than the brief limits of this article will permit, 
as the Burlington ik IMissouri River lines in Ne- 



lii-aska, Knnims, South l)t»k<it«. Wyoininj^ninl Colo- 
rado form nil important |)art of this colossal sys- 
tem, which has for its most Northern termini 
MiiMU'n|>olis nnil St. I'luil. iind in Denver reaches 
the heart of the Hoeky Mountain region. Tiie 
great slock laiiijes of Wyomiufi and the West 
are opened liy the lines which extend to Sheridan. 
ItiilTalo and Cheyenne; while the great }:rain and 
st<K-k marts of Lincoln, Omaha. St. .losepli, Kansas 
City, l^uinc\ , ISiirlinij^ton and I'eoria are liroii^ht 
into eltwe commercial relations with Chicago. It 
is safe to say that no other of the jireat road> in 
the West Uips an agricultural region S(» fertile and 
productive, t>r cities and towns where manufactur- 
ing is carried on mote extensively. It has long 
been the policy of this road to huild numerous 
s|)urs and feedei-s for the main lines, to the various 
towns, mines and Ik'sI agricultural districts, thereliy 
laying the foundation foi an immense and grow- 
ing freight tratlic. Its road-lted has long been 
recognized as one of the best in the West, and 
by judicious, energetic and able management. The 
Burlington has been prompt to avail itself of all 
the modern improvements in railroad equipment, 
so that now its pa.ssenger service ranks with the 
l>esl in the eo\inti\. 

l^iiiiiey, Oiimlia A: Kansas City Itailwny. 

(s^v- 'Ills railway extends west from (^iiinty. III., 
///Ss lo Trenton, .Mo., a distance of one hundied 
V_y and thirty -six miles. It was projected by 
l^uincy men, and built with t^uincy capital, and 
stands to-day in iu construction a monument to 
the push and energy of the early settlersof <^uinc\ , 
the many of whom have, before this writing, 
pa.ssed to the great beyond. The company was or- 
ganized .lune 21, 18G1). and the road o|K-ned for 
business to Milan. Mo., in May, 18T"J, and toTren- 
ton. Mo., in 1«H1. Not unlike the lives of many 
of its projectors, its early history ttio often re- 

llected the pages of disappointed hopes. Starting 
out with every promise of big returns for the in- 
vestor, it stuck and (loundered in the great .lay 
C(M»k panic, and shortly afterward passed under 
the control of the Wabash Railroad Company. Its 
operation by this latter company was far from sat- 
isfactory, and in August, IKXj, possession was se- 
cured by its ownei-s, and the road again took its 
place as an independent company. It is here that 
we see the o])ening of the bud that ))rcsaged the 
iilooming llower. I'nssiiig through that portion of 
.Mi.ssouri richest in agricultural products and 
mines, over a great past<»i-al plateau from West 
<^uincy to Kirksville,and through Missouri's chain 
of mineral hills from Kirksville to Milan, this road 
has developed a tradic that now fully endorses the 
wisdom of its projectors, antl sets at naught the 
many unkind things that have been said against 
-Missouri's resources. In the counties of Marion, 
Lewis, Knox, A<lair, Sullivan and Crundy, of 
Missouri, traversed by the t^uinoy, Omaha X- Kan- 
sas City Railway, wheat and corn arc profitably 
grown, while the raising of stock is generally car- 
ried on by farmers to their enrichment. During 
the 3ear 1S;>1, there were shipped out of the 
counties named, S.'jGjSod bushels of wheat; 1.32,- 
341) bushels of com; 4 1,<M2 head of cattle; 117,- 
97(1 head of hogs; 10,<l()2 head of sheep; and 
4,1 1'l head of horses. The shipments of coal 
mined in Adair County, not including such coal 
as w:is used for railroad purposes, aggregated 
1. 5,228,0(10 pounds. The development of Mis- 
souri contiguous to the tracks of the liuincy, 
Omaha iV Kansas City Railway has been eo-exten- 
sive with the progressire management of the rail- 
way by its present oflli-ers. the prominent ones be- 
ing: Amos Cireen, (Jeneral Manager; John M. 
Savin, Auditor; .1. II. IJest. Tratlic .Manager; C. K. 
.Si.ulc, .Superintendent of Transportation. 

The farmer or merchant seeking a change of lo- 
catitm will (ind in Missouri, along this railway, a 
country healthfiii and inviting; soil rich and pro- 
ductive; good scliot>is, churches, and c«uintry roads 
unsurpa.ssed, and withal, evidences of prosperity on 
all sides. 



River Trafflc. 

IT is only a few j-ears, comparatively speak- 
ing, since the Mississippi River afforded the 
best me.ins for inter-coniraunieation lietween 
Quincy and other towns on the river, and in the 
earlier days the large lumber, agricultural and 
commercial products of the town were conveyed 

to market by means of steamboats, barges and rafts. 
As a river town, Quincy ranks as the best be- 
tween St. Louis and St. Paul. But the incoming 
of the railroads changed all this, and now the 
principal river traffic at this port is done by the 
"Diamond Joe" Line, and the St. Louis. Minne- 
apolis ife St. Paul Packet Company. 




V -yy^ti.yu 

~^^^i^^^,.^<t>^ ^:&^ 


■«€|J ]'![()C^RArM|I(<Ar.. 1^ 



?; DWAKI ) WKI.I.s. This gentleman was one 
1^ of the many who »\>enX the greater |>ortion 
»-< of llieir lives in fU'vi'lii|(ing tin- connlrv- 
that their children am) grandchildren might ciijo^- 
the advantages of a high state of civilization. Mr. 
Well,- was Ixirn in Newlinrv|ii>rt, Ma?»s.. March 23. 
1H1;<, n son of Samuel \V. and l-',li7.:il>eth (Swa-cy) 
Wells, both of whom were born in the lijiv State, 
and were in every r(«|)oet thrifty and (iractical 
New Knglanders. The paternal granilfalhi'r. Daniel 
Wells, wa.-* fif Welsh deseenl. while the maternal 
grandfather, Kdward Swasey. was of Knglish line- 
age. hi> ancestoi-s Imving liccn ninimi: the very 
fli-st settlers of Miiissat-hnsetts. 

Kdward Wcll>, like many ^ ankce boy>, >tarteil 
out to make hi> own living with a determination 
to succeed, and during his long apprenticeship at 
the c<Kiper's trade, he obtained a lliorougli insight 
int4> the details of bu-iness. 'I'lie cummon si-hools 
of Newburyport afforded him a practical education, 
whic-h he fonnil of great l)enelif to him later in life. 
After learning and follnwing the cooper's trade in 
Boston until 18;{4. he turned his footsteps West- 
ward, to seek u home in new fields. He reached 
l^niney in the latter part of OctoU-r of that year, 
and his worldly |M>sscssions at that time consisted 
of one silver half-dnllar. he having In-en t)bliged to 
siH;nd considerable nmney on his thirty-.-even 
days' journey to this section by stage and water. 
Although his linaneial resources had sunk to a 
very low ebb indeed, he pos.-es-eil great pluck, 
energy and ambition, and in the spring of IH.'t.'i, 

having in the meantime .sived some means, he. in 
partnership with .lames |). Morgan, embarked in the 
cooper business, which cimneclion continued for a 
few years. 

Succeeding this, Mr. Wells drift<>d into the p<irk 
Iiusine.s.s, in which he continued for a ipiarter of a 
century, his success in this branch of biisines.> not 
being due to any factitious circumstances, but lo 
the fact that he applied himself closely to his busi- 
ness, gra>|H'd at every opportunity for improving 
, his linaneial condition. an<i w:»s the soul of honesty 
in his dealings with his patrons. It is thus seen 
i that his silver half-dollar was not iMtund up in a 
napkin, but multiplied itself int^i a comfoi tabic 
fortune. Itetiring from that business, he rested 
from his lalM>rs for some lime and then U-gan deal- 
ing in real estate in Chicago and els«'wliere, whciv 
he again manifested sound business jmlgment and 
views of ;i most pniclical and progres,-.ive nature, 
lie was for many years a stockholder and dire<-tor 
of the I'iist National llank. 

.Mr. Wells was much interesteil in mi I road affairs 

throughout life, and succeetled in getting the I'enn- 

, sylvania Central to agree to c<»ine to (/uincy. 'I'lie 

■ road W!us to come in over the t^uincy .V Warsaw 

, road, now the Carthage branch of the Chicago, 

Iturlington A- (^uincy. Owing to circumstances 

arising over which he had no control, the road did 

not come, as the t^uincy A- Wai-saw roa<l wius sold 

to the Chicago. Itiulington \ (^uincy, and thereby 

thev lost the Pennsylvania Central. In various 

other wavs .Mr. Wells showed his public spirit and 



his earnest desire to build up his section. He took 
a great interest in the railroad bridge matter and 
spent weeks in AVasliington, D. C, securing a 
chartei-. In company- with Jaines Woodruff, he 
went to Baltimore and interviewed President Gar- 
rett of the Baltimore tfe Ohio Railwa}-, but a short 
time afterward Mr. Garrett became insane and this 
prevented further negotiations. In politics, he 
was an uncompromising l\ei)ubliean and served one 
term as Alderman from the Third AV'ard. He was 
also at one time a member of the "N'olunteer Fire 
Department and served one term as Chief of the 

March 19, 1837, Mr. Wells married Mary B. 
Evans, the eldest daughter of Capt. Robert Evans, 
of Qumcy, and their union resulted in the birth of 
eight children, of whom the four youngest are liv- 
ing: George, of this city; Frank, of Cliieago; Ella, 
wife of James R. Smith, of Wheatland, N. Dak., 
and Miss Kate, tlie youngest, who is at home. 

In the domestic circle, Mr. Wells was devoted to 
his family and lie possessed very social and hospi- 
table instincts, a gentleman in every sense of the 
word. He was one of the oldest members of the 
Unitarian Church, wiiich was organized in Quincy 
over fifty years ago. He died at his home, No- 
421 .Terse}' Street, May 16, 1892, his wife and two 
children, George and Kate, being ))resent at liis 
l)ed-side. His death was caused liy congestion of 
the lungs, and was widely and deeply mourned. 
In him <^)uincy lost a pioneer resident, a successful 
business man and a valuable eilizen. 

Wf,ILLIA]M I. BATES, one of tiie prominent 
and iutluential farmers of Gilmer Town- 
ship, residing on section 2, was born in 
Tennessee, in 1828, and is a son of Joseph and 
Nancy B. Bates. His parents were both natives of 
Tennessee, the former born in 180G, the latter in 
1807. The maternal grandfather was one of the 
heroes of the Revolutionary War and was ninetv 

years of age at the time of his death. The Bates 
family numbered fourteen children, of whom ten 
are yet living, our subject and his twin sister be- 
ing the eldest. In 18.30, the father emigrated to 
Illinois and is one of the honored pion(?ers of this 
locality. In the earlier days he was a preacher of 
the Presbyterian Church for some time. In the 
days when Scott, Cass and Morgan Counties were 
one, he was elected Assessor of one-half of Morg,an 
County, just after its organization, and for eight 
years held the office of Justice of the Peace. As 
time passed, his financial condition improved, and 
at his death he was the owner of a valuable farm 
and consideralile town property. His death oc- 
curred in 1888, and his wife passed away in 1891. 

Our subject was reared amid the wild scenes of 
the frontier and was early inured to the arduous 
labor of farming raw prairie. When lie began life 
for himself, he engaged in farming in Camp Point 
Township, where he improved a tract of land. He 
afterward removed to Hancock County, and pur- 
chasing one hundred and sixt}' acres, developed 
therefrom a good farm, upon which he resided for 
twenty years. On the ex|)iration of that period, 
we find him in Chicago, where he was engaged in 
the live-stock business. On selling out, became to 
Adams County and resumed agricultural pursuits, 
which he carried on in his own interest for ten 
years. He was then appointed Superintendent of 
the Adams County Poor Farm and tilled that posi- 
tion with credit to himself and to the satisfaction 
of all concerned. 

In the 3'ear 1851, Mr. Bates married to 
Miss Mary Robinson, who was born in Illinois in 
1830. They became the jjarents of nine children, 
seven of whom are yet living. All were educated 
in the schools of Hancock Count}' and three of the 
children have engaged in teaching. The eldest 
son IS Dr. Bates, of Camp Point, who was graduated 
from the Chicago Medical College and has now 
successfully practiced for ten years. 

In early life, Mr. Bates was a supporter of the 
Democratic party, but on account of his strong 
teinper.ance principles, is Prohibitionist in senti- 
ment. Soci.allj', he isa Knight Templar M.ason and 
himself, wife and children arc all members of the 
Methodist Episcoiial Church, to the support of 


I n 

wliioli III' coiilriluites liliernll.v. Tlu' |iii<ir aiid 
iiet'dy Imvp i-ver found in liini a friend, lie is 
cliarilaliU' and lM>i,ov<iU'nt,>jenorou!i. warni-ii<'nrted 
antl tiiii'. Ill* life is well worthy i>f emulation, 
niid hy his n|>ri>;ht, honorahle eniver he hn.- won 
nianv warm fiiend*. 




' AM^>^ S. AKINS. M. 1).. i- one of the prom- 
inent eitizeii!* of l.oraine. In o<inneelion 
^_ with the pnu'tice of niedieine, he carries on 
(^y a druj; store and is the ellieient Postmaster 
of the villa<»e. He was horn in I-'ranklin, X'enan^o 
County. Pa., .Inly 11, \MH, and is the fourth in 
order of hirth in a family of nine children, five of 
whom are yet liviiij;. The parents were Koherl 
and Lucy (Sa<je) Akins, the former born in Mont- 
real. Canada, Fehruaiy H, 17*J'.>, and the latt«r 
in Vermont in ISOH. The |)aternal fjrniidfatlier 
was of Kngtish hirth ami emifjrated to Canada, 
whence he came to the I'nited Stales. Roliert 
Akins was a carpenter and followed tluit trade 
durin<i; the "greater part of his life, lie and four 
l)r<)llicr8 served in the War of 1812. His death 
occiired in Shawnee'.own. 111., in DecemlH-r. l«.'>t;. 
and his wife died in PI\inoiilh, llanciK-k County, 
111., in 1».j8. He was a memljer of the liaptist 
Church and she was a Methodist in religions be- 

The Doctor re«-eived very meagre ednwitional 
privileges. When a lad of twelve, his father 
wanted him to go with an uncle who was a sjiilor 
on Lake Krie, but on account of the stories of 
shipwrecks and dangers which the uncle had re- 
lated, this pro|K)sal was not received with favor by 
voung Akins. His father insisted, however, and 
rather than go he left home, making his way to 
.lamcstown, N. Y. He journeyed mostly on f<H>t, 
and sometimes slept in the woods at night. Ik- 
was variously employed for two years, but earned 
his own lK»ard and clothes ami acquired a little 
money bcsi<les. At length, he determined to try 
his fortune in the West. aii<l worked hi> way down 

the river* by bout Ut Shawneetown. 111., where 
he had relative's living. There he hired out to 
a farmer, and one of the provisions of the con- 
tract wa.0 that he should receive instructions in 
rending, writing and arithmetic. He remained 
with his employer two years, and during that 
time studied hard, making rapid progress in the 
elementary Idaiirhes of learning, e.»pccially in 
niathematiiv. hi IM.')!'., he came to Adams Coiinly 
and for three years worked as a carpenter. In 
IH.'iH. he started for Pike's Peak, being one of the 
first to cro.sit the plains. After a few months, he 
returned, but the following year again went, and 
altogether made the trip acro>.>. iIh- plains six times, 
becoming quite fiiniiliur with the wild and iiiouii- 

' tAinoiis regions of Colorado and Montana. He was 
in Denver when a few shanties constituted that 
city, lie spent some time working at his trade in 
Montana, and erected several buildings in X'ir- 
giiii.'i City, including the Recorder's t iflice. He 
probably made the first shingle manufactured in 
that territory. He saw herds of one thousand 
buffaloes, and killed hundreds of those animals. 
He had some narrow escapes from the Indians and 
experienced some severe privations. For a lime 
he successfully engaged in mining in California 
(iiilch, Colo., and in 18()7 returned home. 

On again reaching Adams County. Dr. .\kins 
built a sawmill in Keene Township, which he o|M'r- 
aled f«>r two yeai-s. when his health failed him anil 

' he sold out. He had previously read medicine for 
some lime, and in 18t;'.» he took n coni-se of lectures 

' in the Kclectic Medical College of Cincinnati. 
Ohio, from which lie was graduated in 1871. At 
that time Loiainehad just U-cii platted and the Doc- 
tor, erecting one of the lirst buildings in the new 

' town, at once Iwgan practice, which he has followed 

I continuously since, with the exception of about a 
vear. He met with giMid success and in addi- 

i lion to this has contlucted a drug store for twenty 

In the year IK.'i'J. Dr. .\kins was married to 
.lo.Hephine, daughter of .lolin .Mcl-'arlnnd, one of the 
pioneers of .\tlanis County. Six children have 
been born unto them: .Mice, wife of S. P. Lemon, 
of t^nincv; Harry 1).. who is married and rcsidi-s in 

I l^uincv; William, a pro.-pcroiis fanner, who is mar- 



ried and resides in KeeneTownsliip; Lillie, Arvilla 
and Bessie, at home. The Doctor is a friend of 
education, and has provided his children with good 
advantages, thus fitting tliem for the practical 
duties of life. He is a stalwart Republican 
and during Grant's administration appointed 
Postmaster. He again received the appointment 
under President Harrison, and has served in all 
for about twelve years. Socially, he is a member 
of the Masonic, Odd Fellows' and United Work- 
men fraternities. He now enjoys a good practice, 
which he has establislied among neighbors and 
friends who knew him before he began the study 
of medicine. He still their confidence and 
respect in an unlimited degree. 




E R R Y A LEX ANDER. The death of Mr. 
Alexander, which occurred at his liome in 
this city July II, 1891, removed from the 
agricultural world a man of intelligence, 
enterprise and honor, who accumulated a com- 
petency under adverse circumstances and built 
up a fair fortune through his own efforts. He 
was a perfect type of the successful, self-reliant 
and far-seeing tiller of the soil, and was a broad- 
minded and intelligent man of affairs. He was 
born in Pope County, III., February 29, 182(1, a 
son of Samuel and Margaret (.Stucker) Alexander, 
the former of whom was of Scotch-English descent 
and inherited the shrewdness and business judg- 
ment of the "canny .Scott" and the sturdy perse- 
verance and honesty of his English ancestors. 
He became a resident of (^uincy in 1832, and in 
addition to successfully following agricultural pur- 
suits, he was also an extensive and successful dealer 
in real estate. His father also bore the name of 

The early days of Perr\- Alexander were spent 
in Quincy, where he was given the advantages of 
the public schools up to the age of thirteen years, 
at the end of which time he entered Jacksonville 
College, of .Jacksonville, wliere he began the 

study of law, but his health became greatly im- 
paired during this time and he was obliged to seek 
other employment in order to recuperate his shat- 
tered energies. As a means to this end, he decided 
that farming would be the best occupation in 
which he could engage, and in Melrose Township, 
in Adams Countj-, he began following the plow. 
His oi)erations in this branch of business met with 
substantial results, and he continued to pursue them 
successfully until he was stricken down by the 
hand of death on the 9th of July, 1891. Through- 
out his career he was one of the busiest of busy 
men, and was never seen with idle hands when any 
affair of importance demanded his attention. Ev- 
ery obligation he took ujion himself was faithfully 
discharged, ever^- promise was kept, and he was no 
less higlil}' esteemed for his integritj- and rectitude 
than for his good judgment and sagacious and 
practical views. 

His personal characteristics were of a kind that 
provoked warm friendship, genuine respect and 
kindest regard, and those who knew him onl3' as a 
man of affairs resiiected him for his uprightness, 
his integrity, his fidelity to every trust reposed in 
him, and his conscientious regard for the equities 
of business life. For twenty years he discharged 
the duties of County Supervisor in a manner that 
was universally satisfactory, and for eight years 
he adjusted the affairs of his neighbois imi)artially 
as Justice of the Peace. For a period of fifteen 
years he was Town Clerk, and while filling this 
position he acted as Overseer of Public Works for 
several years. He was a Democrat of uncompro- 
mising stripe, and believed in and supported the 
measures of that iiarty. Mr. Alexander was Quar- 
termaster in the INIexican War for two years, and 
also assisted in recruiting troops for the late war. 

June 11, 18.57, he was married to Mrs. ISIargaret 
Carr, daughter of David and Margaret Hunsaker, 
of Fall Creek Township, Adams County, whose an- 
cestors were of Scotch-English descent. Mrs. Al- 
exander IS a worthy member of the Christian 
Church, is very intelligent, and in disposition is 
amialile and generous. She bore her husband the 
following children: Margaret, wife of Albert 
Reeder, of Melrose Township; Perry, a farmer of 
that township; Susie, wife of Gustav Duker, of 



Quincv; Sallie, Mal)p|.nn(l .U-nniu-tti-. Tlie family 
resitU'iu'C is at Nu. .'{2 South Ki<;litli Street. By 
her first niarrinf;e Mrs. .Mexnndcr has onr son, Sam- 
uel t'arr, of Washington Stale. 

EliDi; \V. 1;1;a I TV. The enormous in- 
eren.«e in the deninnd for earria>;es and 
waj;ons of all grades iins rendered tlicir 

manufacture a prominent industry in the Tnited 
States. There are few liranehes of industrial trade 
in which such a vast amount of capital has been 
invested, and none other in wiiich the .\meriean 
manufacturer has hy his skill and ingenuity so far 
outstripped his competitors. Among the most 
widely known and deservedly popidar concerns, 
whose productions are in constant and ever-in- 
creasing demand, is that of the Heatty Bros. It 
has from the outset, owing to the superior merits 
and general excellence of its productions, Ix'en 
recognized .i.s a leader in its line, and has had the 
l>enelit of the executive management of responsihle 
and intluential oHicers. They are men trained In 
the art of manufacture, and an intimate 
knowledge of all the details of the liusiness and 
re(iuirements of the public. 

Krde W. Beatty was born in (Quincv, III., in 
May, 18.'»'J, to Thomas and Sarah ((Jwens) Beatt^-, 
the former of whom was n farmer by occupation, 
and at the same time carried on a general repairing 
business in Ellington 'I'ownship, Adams County. 
He is now residing in <^uincy. The mother w.ns 
born in Melrose Township. .Vdams County, III., a 
daughter of .lohn Owen.-, r,n early settler and one 
of the sulwtantial farmers c>f Adams County. Their 
son, Krde \V., received a comnion-scliool education, 
and in his early nianh<H>d learned the carriage- 
maker's trade of his father, whom he assiste<l, like 
a dutiful son. until he .-ittained his majority, lie 
was then in partnership with his father until 
1890, when the father retired and the three broth- 
ers. Krde \V., .lolin K., and Thomas M., buccee<led 

to the business, under the Arm name of Hcatty 
Bros. 'I'he.Hc young men are all practical and skill- 
ful workmen, thortiughly experieni'cd and shrewd 
business men, and are well titled by nature, also, 
to succe^fully conduct the business of which they 
are the proprietors. 'I'heir establislinient, which 
is located at the southwest corner of 'i"welfth ami 
Hampshire Streets, is well eipiipped for the suc- 
cessful conduct of the business, and about eight 
skilled mechanics are employed in the works. 
They manufacture only the very best articles, built 
(<f the most caref\illy selected materials by compe- 
tent judges, under the supervision of men with 
acute perception and ex|)erience, and they 
have established a reputation which has secured 
f<»r them a large and constantly incre;i.«ing tratle, 
which they most suiressfully maintain. 

These gentlemen are courteous and obliging, and 
their reputation for sterling int«'grity and per- 
sonal worth IS too well known in this city to re- 
quire mention. They have every facility for 
meeting the wants of their patrons in the most 
satisfactorv manner, and all orders receive prompt 
attention. Krde W. Beatty is a member of Bod- 
ily Lodge No. I, of the A. F. «t A. M., also the 
Modern Woodmen. His residence is at No. I:17 
North Twelfth Street. 

«H— -^ 

« )ll N W. BKt i\\ -N. S'cretary, Treasurer and 
(General .Manager of the Collins I'k>w Com- 
pany, of i^uincv. 111., is a gentleman of su- 
perior business attainments, whose energy 
and fidelity t<i the interests of the i-ompany with 
which he is connected contribute nniterially to 
the success and continuous expansion of the 
trade of the house. He is a native of .Marion 
County, Mo., born on the 2iitli of .lanuary, 
1H|(I, near I'almyra, to William I'. Brown, who 
was Ihu'Ii in Kentucky, and iH-eame a resident of 
.Marlon County, .Mo., at a very i-arly jwriod. He 
was a snccessfid farmer an<l hemp-rais<r, in addi- 
tion to which lie was itUo engaged in pork-pack- 



ing, a calling in wliieli he was particularly well 
versed. He was a useful citizen of the section in 
wbicli lie resided, and his death, which occurred in 
1853, was universally regretted. 

.John W. Brown, whose name is at the head of 
this n:emoir, attended the common schools in the 
vicinity of his boyhood's home sutliciently to ac- 
quire a good practical education, and in liis na- 
tive county he grew up to healthful and useful 
manhood. He perfected himself m the calling of 
a farmer in his early manhood, and this occupa- 
tion received his undivided attention until he at- 
tained his thirty-third year, when he removed to 
Quincy, 111., in which cit3' he has since continued 
to reside. Soon after locating here, he became in- 
terested in farm machinery, and was in the eniplo3^ 
of various parties up to tiie year 1878, when he 
became connected with the Collins Plow Company 
as traveling salesman, his territory comprising tiie 
States of Illinois and Missouri. This occupation 
received his attention for several years, and so 
admirably- did he conduct the affairs of the com- 
pany that its connection was very materially in- 
creased. In 1885, he retired from this business, 
and engaged in the sale of haj'-presses for three 
years on a salary, at the end of which time he be- 
came tired of working for others, and purchased 
an interest in the Collins Plow Company, of 
which Martin Heiderieh was President and Will- 
iam II. Collins, Treasurer. Mr. Brown at once 
assumed the duties of Sccretar3' *i'ifl Manager, and 
the works continued under this management until 
the death of Mr. Ileiderich, when AV'illiam II. Go- 
vert became President, Mr. Collins and ;\Ir. Brown 
continuing in the ca}iacities they occupied before. 
After Mr. Collins sold his interest in the business, 
Mr. Brown was chosen Treasurer of the conipany, 
and possessing a high order of executive ability 
and sound judgment, the business has inospered 
in a very satisfactory manner. 

This company is extensively engaged in the 
manufactureof plows, sulky-plows, cultivators, har- 
rows, etc., also the Eli Baling Presses, and is now 
manufacturing a late improved press, of which Mr. 
Brown and A. A. Gehut are the inventors, and 
which, in durability and simplicily. will surpass 
anything yet offered to the public. Tliis company 

has extended its business throughout Illinois, Mis- 
souri, Virginia, New York, the Southern States, 
California, and nearly every State in the Union. 
They also ship a great deal of machinery to the 
Argentine Republic. They have so completely 
won public recognition as to the superior quality 
of their machinery, that they find it almost im- 
possible to keep pace with home orders, and are 
at work both early and late to meet and properly 
fill their orders. 

October 31, 1861, Mr. Brown won for his wife 
Miss Charity Lovelace, a native of Marion County, 
Mo., and a daughter of Nelson and Emily Love- 
lace. Mr. and Mrs. Brown are the parents of three 
children, two sons and one daughter. The members 
of the family are attendants at the Christian Church, 
and politically, Mr. Brown is an active Democrat, 
the measures of whicli i)art_y he supports at al) 
times. He is a strict temperance man, and all 
measures of reform win his hearty support. His 
residence is at No. 1121 Main Street. 

l ->jA 2g_ 


x^ APT. W. J. BROWN. A brave soldier 
(I and a very successful man in business 

^^f' claims our notice in this short sketch, which 
can give only outlines. AV. .T. Brown, M. D., a native 
of New York City, and a graduate of Louisville 
Medical College, the father of the gentleman 
whose name o[)ens this biography. The mother of 
our subject was Mary F. (Dickson) Brown, and 
came from Ireland to America when thirteen years 
of age. The jiarents were married at Lansing- 
burgh, N. Y., after which event Dr. Brown went 
into business at Rochester, N. Y., l)ut afterward 
moved to Louisville, Ky., where he i)racliced med- 
icine for seven years. After a short time spent at 
Cincinnati, he went to St. Louis, Mo., and then 
settled at La Grange. Me., afterward at Keokuk, 
Iowa, and then, in 1848, he removed to (^uincy, 
111., and in the winter of 1850 lie moved to Jlen- 
don, where his life ended in 1871. The mother of 
our sulijecl still >ur\ives, aged seventy-four, and 

I'dini.'.X! I \\l' ! I"«.K' M'lIK \1 UlXUllL). 

lives ill McndiMi. Siic wn.s at niii' tmu- a mi mini 
uf the ltn|)ti>I (.'iiiiirli, hut now is ii coiiiiiiunicniit 
at the C'un}rrf{r«tional C'luircli. Dr. Ilrown was a 
vtTV wi'll-kiiiiwii iiinii in |Militii-.-, and was i-ii-cteil 
from this I'lmiily as a DciniK-ralir nicinlKT of thf 
Slato I.e^isiatiire in iHi\'2. 

Our sulijwt is the oldest liviii]:^ child of his 
parents, and wns liorii in Hochester, N. Y., 
29, I8II'. Ilf was lirou^lit liv his pnient.s to Men- 
don when liiit I'iiiht years of aj^fe. and is now liv- 
ing in the same house in whieh he passed his 
ninth liirthd»\ . lie attended the (lulilie sehuols 
in Mendoii, and at the ajje of scvente»'ii. he lieeame 
a elerk in the employ of lion. .S. |{. (hittenden, of 
this plaee. and euntiiiue<] there for twenty yeai>. 
lie then took a vaeation. whieh he spent in C'in- 
einnati, and remained one year, .\piil 21, IHCil, 
he enlisted in Company K. Tenth Illinois In- 
fantry. He lielonj;ed to the tirst eompaiiy that 
reported to (Jo v. Yates at .'^pnnjilield, anil the 
lii-sl to reach Cairo. They f>lartod at the call 
ot their eoiintrv with the weapons of their 
pioneer fathei-s, wiili tlint-loek musket^s and no 
ninniunition. He remained at or near Cairo 
during the three months of service for which 
he at lirst enlisted, an<l assisted in the liuilding 
of the first fort huill Itetween the Ohio and 
Mississippi Kivei-s. and in the capture of many 
steamers. He was disehaiiicd in AiiLiust, 1H(>1, 
liavin<; served a month over time. He re-enlisted in 
Company K. ( >ne Hundred ami Kif:hteenlli Illinois 
Infantry, in .liily, l><(;2. He was sent to Memphis, 
Tenn., and went with (ien. Sherman to Vicks- 
burg, Mis.s., and then to the Yazoo Hiver, an<l 
took part in the haltle of Chickasaw UlulT. .Miss. 
He then w.os sent t<i .\rkans2us I'ost and took part 
in the liattle there, and then went to Yoiiii'j's 
Point, \m.. and thence to Milliken's Hend, until 
April 2, IHC.T. He took part in the e.vpedition 
against Vickslmrg. as a part of (ieii. Osterhaus' 
division, and look part also in the battles of 
Tliomp.s(m's Hill, I'ort <iib.son. Champion Hill. 
Black I{iver ISridfje, anil the siege of N'ieksbiirg. 
June 10, the regiment was mounted by order of 
(ien. (irant, and went with Sherman to Jackson, 
Miss., on the raid to Itrook Haven, and thence to 
Vifksburg. August I, the regiment was trans- 

ferred to tlie .\rmy of the dulf. and they turned 
over their horses and became infantry again. ( (iir 
subject was not through with active service yet, 
for he was ill the battle-, of Port IIu<lson. of Car- 
rollton (La.), of l;a\<iu ItocutT ( Iji.), and of Krad- 
shaw City. Sept^'inU-r 1 1, and cros.seil the l5ay<Mi lo 
Crimp nisland < Ictober 7, and at .Meiers, Iji., wjis 
again re-mounted, l-'rom Hradshaw City they 
marched to Verinillionville, and were in the liattle 
near Washington, |ji., ( )ctober 21, and at (oand 
Coteaii, near N'ermillion ville. at N'ermillion ville 
liayou. Then they marched t<i Donaldsville, \j\.. 
and were .sent to I'ort Hudson by boat, and had 
sharp skirinislie.s almost daily. They i-aptiired 
many Confederate prisoners, and at the battle of 
(Ira-sseTete they had a hand-to-haiul sabre light. 
He was pari of a small foii'e which was sur- 
rounded at Plain "s Store. Ij»., and after a des|ierate 
fight escaped and was removed to Katon Koiige in 
.luly, IKtM. He afterward t4iok part in the en- 
gagements at KedwiHid, at Coinite ISridge, at Clin- 
ton (La.), in the raid to Liberty, |{r<H>k Haven 
(Miss.), M\d the light at LilK-rty. He again 
went to New Orleans, and after doing .s4»mc 
scouting, on May 22 the horses of the regiment 
were again relurned except those of C(unpanN I), 
which were kept for .scouting pur|>oses. This brave 
soldier was promoted from a private to Ik- a First 
Lieutenant of Compaiiy I) in NovemlK-r, IHi;2. 
and was again promoted to \>c Captain of the same 
company in !><(!;?. He was then in command until 
the regiment was mustered out. He was detailed 
for over a year as as|K>cial scout with picked men. 
He was mustered out with the regiment, in Oc- 
tober, 18(>,'(, after a service of three ami one-half 
years. Wonderful to relate, he escapeil without 
wound or capture, and, except for the effects of a 
partial sun-stroke, he enjoys good health. 

.Vfler one year of (|uiet home life. Captain 
ISrown went to Memphis, Tenn., and there, in IXtIT, 
he was married to Klizabeth C. Hyatt, whom he 
had met during the war, at Italon liouge, Im., and 
to whom be liecanie engaged to Ik- niarrieil. .She 
was the ilaiighter of .Sylvester Hyatt, who a 
native of Ohio, but resided in lititoii Koiige. Iji., 
during the war. He was a Inion man, and <k-cu- 
pied a very unpleasant position during the long 



struggle. His wife was a native of Baton Rouge, 

and there their daughter was born in 1845. Mrs 
Hyatt still survives. ' 

Following our subject's marriage, he came home 
and bought a farm, and then had to hire a man to 
teach him to hitch up a two-horse vehicle. He 
only farmed for one year, and then sold out and 
returned to Mendon and built and opened a drug 
store, but sold that in 1874, and purchased a gen- 
eral stock of goods. He has been engaged in 
merchandizing for the last eighteen years, and 
deals in groceries, boots, shoes, dry goods, and 
queensware. He has a large and lucrative trade, 
and was first in business under the firm name of 
Brown Brothers, but for the past three years the 
firm name has been AV. .J. Brown. 

Our subject has been the father of seven chil- 
dren, five of whom are living, as follows: M. E., 
a daughter; A. S., a son; Beulah B., Clarence S., 
Harry L.; and those deceased are W. ,]. and 
Charles L. They have all been well educated, 
and this family stands high in the estimation of 
the citizens of Mendon. Capt. Browii is a mem- 
ber of the Grand Army of the Republic, and 
in his i)olitical preference is a Democrat. He 
has been honored with the office of Super- 
visor of Mendon Township, and has been Con- 
stable and Collector. He has also been a member 
of the A'illage Council, and has been the efficient 
President of the Board of Education. 

If Capt. Brown had no other claim to the 
high regard of the citizens of Adams Count}-, his 
record during the Civil War should assure him 
their lastintc regard. 


/" •'•^•{•^SE*. 

^^USTAV BLECHSCHMIDT is a member of 
III (_-, the firm of Gustav Blechschraidt it Sons^ 
^^|j manufacturers of self-oiling wheels. Their 
business has experienced a prosperous and reassur- 
ing growth, and is looked upon as one of the best- 
conducted and most reliable of its kind in the 

country. Their establishment is located at No. 725 
S. Fifth Street, Quincy, 111., and thej- have good 
facilities for shipping their goods, a very imijortant 
item with an establishment of its kind and magni- 
tude. Mr. Blechschmidt was born in Saxony, 
Germany, January 26, 1843, to Gottlieb and Con- 
cordia (Kaublen) Blechschmidt, the former of 
whom was a prosperous miller in the land of his 
birth. He was a man of considerable influence in 
the locality in which he lived, and was industri- 
ous, upright, and frugal, like all Germans. Gustav 
Blechschmidt ])assed his 3'outli in his native land, 
and after obtaining the common-school education 
that is part of the German youth's inheritance, he 
began learning the trade of a pattern-maker, at 
whicli he afterward worked in the Fatherland 
until 188.3. In that j'ear, he came to America, 
being the first member of the family to seek a 
home beyond the sea, landed at Baltimore, Md., 
and soon after removed to Peru. 111., where 
he secuix'il employment at his trade and carried 
on contracting. 

In tlie mouth of April, 1891, became to (^uinc^-, 
and with characteristic energy and enterprise he 
started a siiop of his own and embarked in tiie 
manufacture of self-oiling wheels, on which he re- 
ceived a patent April 26, 1892. It is unnecessary 
to state that this firm in all cases uses the veiy 
best material that can be obtained, and all their 
goods are thoroughly tested before they are al- 
lowed to leave the works. Tlie}- ship their goods 
to all parts of the United States, and occupy two 
floors of a building 60x70 feet, and fitted with all 
the latest improved machinery that is necessary 
for the proper conduct of their business. This 
house is a thoroughly represcntTative one in its 
line and deserves honorable mention among the 
foremost business houses of Quincy, the proprietor 
of which is highly regarded in business circles, 
and justly deserves the liberal and influential pat- 
ronage he has secured Ijj' his well-directed efforts 
to please his customers, who reside in all portions 
of the Republic. Unlike man}' Germans, he sup- 
ports the principles of the Repulilican party, but 
does so intelligently, for he is a man who forms 
his own oiiinions, has a mind of his own, and 
thinks for himself, 

rt)HtHAn AM) niOr.RAl'HlCAL RKCOKI). 


The year 18SI witnessed the i-elehration of liis 
inarrinjre to Miss Mona 1-A-klianlt. a daiij^htt'i- nf 
(iiittlii'b F. Kokliaidt, nii Ikukiii-iI and Milislan- 
tial ii'sitlont uf the (iiTinan ICinpirc. 'I'Uv iinii)ii 
<if Mr. and Mi>. Hlcflisfhniidl has ri'siilted in Ilic 
liiith of twti sons, who liicJ fair to rival their father 
as lni>lni's.s men, and as nscfiii, iiro>jressive and 
loyal citizens of a c-oiiiUiy that has eon f erred end- 
less i)enefit.s npoii self-sii|)i>oiUii;r foreijfners who 
have set foot upon her siiores. I'aiil, llie elder 
MHi. is associated in Inisiness with Ins fnllici-, and 
is a |)iishin^', ninliitioiis and industrious youn.i; 
man. and l'',iiiil, the youu-^er, is also in the shop. 
U-arninij the details of the business, to which he 
expects to devote his attention. .Mr. Hlech- 
schinidt resides at No. 7liH Jefferson Street, where 
he makes his home .Tiid V wliicli he retires when 
bis day's labor is over, w Oie conseion. ■• e Uiat 
he will tnere uini .^.a and comfort. 

JUDGK WJl.J.l.VM MAHMI. Amonjr the 
prominent citizens of (^iiincy, wluise supe- 
rior abilities aiicl >plendid reputation en- 
hance the fame of his adopted city, may be 

mentioned the irentleman wliose name introduces 
this liioijraphical notice. His record as attiunev and 
judge, and as a progressive and active promoter of 
all the interests of .\dams County, is worthy of 
note. This volume would be incomplete, espec- 
ially for thfise by whoin.Iudge Marsh is personally 
held in the highest esteem, if some reference were 
not made to his career. 

Prior to a more extended account of the life of 
our suliject. some reference to his parentage may 
not lie amiss. His paternal graiiilf.Mther, Isbenezer 
Marsh, was born in Hampshire County, Mass.. and 
traced hi^ ancesti\ to Kngland. The father of 
our subject, Ziinri Marsh, who was also a native 
of the Hay State, married .Miss daughter of 
Calel) Hulibnrd. familiarly known as Major Hub- 
bard of the "I'luin Trees,'" who roided in .Mas.--a- 
rluisetts and was .-i miiiutem:in diirinu^ the lievo- 

lutionary War. participati\^j ^,,p battle of li\inker 
Hill. When advanced h\\^ ^|,^, mother of our 
subject came to <^uincy. "Ik^.i^, died in "*'".'••<.•. 

Horn ill Cayuga County, \ •.-. .»lMreli 11. 1H22, 
William M!ii>h w.-r- the f'lurtli in a family of seven 
children. He pa.s'ie<l some time in his Itoyhood at 
•A private school in Tompkins County. N. Y., and 
later a student in an academy, where lie laid 
the foundation of the broad and extensive learn- 
ing which is now one <»f his personal attributes. 
His subsequent studies were carried on in I'liioii 
College, New York, from which he was graduated 
in 1812. Having determined to enter upon a 
professional career, he commenced the study of 
law ill the otiice of .ludge .lewett. of Skaneateles, 
N. Y., and was admitted to practice at the liar of 
the State in l«4.->. 

Oliening an otliee at Itliai'" "^ ^ ' -- .•!..... 
vKiiv.ixivii viicic 111 ,.i..cLice until 1H54, which year 
witnessed his arrival in (Juiiicy. Here for three 
years he was associated in partnership with Will- 
iam H. Henneson, andat the expiration of that lime 
.Judge .Skinner was admitted into the firm, the 
title being changed to Skinner, IJenneson A- Mai-sh. 
This connection Cfmtinued until 1M<'>2, when .Mr. 
Benneson entered the army as Colonel of the 
Seventy-eightli Illinois Infantry. This linn con- 
tinued under the name of .Skinner A: Marsh 
until 1877, when Judge .Skinner died. Afterward, 
our subject formed a partnership with William 
-McFadon, which continued until ISS.'i, when he 
was elected Circuit Judge of the Sixth 
District, comprising the counties of .\daiiis. Pike, 
Hrown, .Schuyler, Fulton and Hancock. 

For six years Judge Marsh served on the lieiich 
to the satisfaction of all concerned, and since that 
time he has lived jiracticallv rotii-ed from active 
busines.«. His career has been tli;it of the succe.«s- 
ful lawyer, eminent, trusted and honored. For 
perhaps a ipiarter of a century he has not only 
been an acknowledged leader at the Har. but has 
also stood as one of the ablest counselors and 
most courageous champions of the Democratic 
partv. of which he has been an active member 
from the attainment of his majority. He has been 
an ellicient coadjutor with the best men of Illinois 
ill |ierfccting lliegfivernmcnt of the Stale in all its 

. -i j„rents, as well as in theup- 

institutions and cicr ' 

' ,,. ,i- I and strengthening of Ins 

building of his prof S 

August 29, . . 'iiilge ^larsh inariied Miss 
Cornelia M., the daughter of Hon. J. L. AVoods, of 
Lockport. N. Y. Judge and Mrs. Marsh hare three 
cliildreu, namely: :\Iar\- M., wife of Don A. Sweet, 
of Tompkins County, N. Y. ;Cornelia W., who is Mrs. 
C. A. Babcock, of Quincy,and I-awrence "\V.. wiiose 
home is also in this city. Judge Marsh is closely 
identified with many of the industries and enter- 
prises of tlie city; he is a stockholder in the First 
National Bank, the C^uincy (ias Company, Presi- 
dent of the Barlow Corn Planter Company, and 
connected with various other business enterprises 
of less importance. AVhenever possible, ho has 
taken an active part in all measures tending to the 
advancenierit of the city and its growth along 
moral, social or business lines. His pleasant home 
is a brick residence at No. 818 North Fifth Street, 
in the midst of inviting surroundings, and in one 
of the best portions of the city. 

-^^^^ ^ It ^@I ^ ^^ 

C. ALTENHEIN, dealer in agricultural 
implements at No. 1219 Broadway, (^uincy, 
111. There have been few departments of 
manufacture in which the improvement has been 
so great as in agricultural implements, and among 
the men who keep a fine line of modern farming 
machinery is Mr. Altenhein. He is a native of the 
city of (^uincy, 111., and is a son of Frederick and 
Christina (Rhode) Altenhein, the former of whom 
was successfully engaged in tilling the soil, and was 
thrifty, progressive and industrious, as are all 

F. C. Altenhein was the eldest in a family of 
five children, and until he was about fourteen 
years of age, his time was about equally divided 
between attending school and assisting his fatiier 
on the farm, but from that .age up to about 1886, his 
time was given almost exclusively to agriculture. 
While following the plow, he gained a clear insight 


into the kind of implements that were required for 
a successful conduct of the farm, and when start- 
ing out in life for himself, he determined to make 
this his first business venture, and at once laid in 
a comprehensive supply of macliiiieiy, which 
gradually increased in volume, until he now does 
a very extensive business. His stock is carefully 
selected from the products of the best manufactur- 
ers, and his house has a first-class standing, and is 
recognized as occupying a high place among the 
solid and substantial business concerns of Quincy. 

In connection with this business Mr. Altenhein 
also carries on general farming and stock-raising, 
and on his land uses many of the imi)lements in 
which he deals, and thus has a practical knowledge 
of their good points. lie makes large consign- 
ments to Illinois, low" ' id Missouri, and for the 
proper <:\3nrtuct of hi; liness he has extensive 
buildings and a fine warehouse located at No. 
1219 Broadway. His jiremises are in every re- 
spect adapted to the business that is done, and for 
the business ability he has displaced, as well as for 
the characteristics that attach to useful and hon- 
orable citizens, he deservedly occupies a high 
rank in mercantile circles. 

Since attaining his majority, he has supported 
Democratic principles, although he has never had 
any desire for public preferment, the duties of his 
calling completely occupying his time and atten- 
tion. While on the farm, he was Clerk of Elling- 
ton Township, Adams County, for four .years, has 
been Countj' Supervisor two years, and was Asses- 
sor of Ellington Township one year, but .aside from 
these instances, has continued to pursue the ■' even 
tenor of his way" with good financial results. 

Mr. Altenhein celebrated his marriage in 1881, 
Miss Anna Henerhoff, a daughter of Frederick Hcn- 
erhoff, a farmer of this countj^ becoming his wife. 
They have an interesting family of two sons and 
two daughters: AVilliam, Albert, Nora and Laura. 
These children are growing up in a home that has 
been provided for them by their father's industry 
and push, and has been made pleasant and com- 
fortable by their mother's taste and naturally am- 
iable disposition. j\Ir. and Mrs. Altenhein are 
earnest members of the Seventh Street German Lu- 
theran Church, and in their dailv w.n Ik through life. 



pndoiivor to follow llie toncliiiifp* of the "(Joldi-n 
Kuli'." Thcv are (icservtMily iiiiiMinK'd niiioiii; ijii' 
lirst citi/.fn,-* of (^iiiiuT. Our miI.jjhI whs horn in 
this city in .InniiBry, IK.'il.iind lias aiwnvs rosidod 

I.. HAIMCAIMNKK. In preparation of 
this brief outline of the life histoi y of the 
best man of (iernian liirlh whoever made 
his liome in Adiinis Cnunty. faets appear 
whieli are ;;reatly to his credit. His intelliueneo, 
enterprise and inte>rrity. as well as many other 
estimable iiualities, have ac<|uired for him a popu- 
larity not derived from any lictitious circumstan- 
ces, but which is a permanent and spontaneous 
tribute to his merit, l-ookin;,' back ui)on Mr. 
14aumi,'artner"s ancestors, it is found that they were 
(iermans on both sides, and that his father, Frank 
Haumjfnrtner, followed the honorabie and useful 
callinir of a s<-hoo| teacher, in which occupation he 
won distinction for himself as an able edueator 
and a line disciplinarian. I'lie maiden name of 
our subject's mother w:is IJuikart, and her family 
was highly respected throuirhoul the region in 
which they reside<l. 

.v. I,. 1inum<rartner was the \ounjrest ol four 
children that were jjiven to the union of his par- 
ent*, and up to the aj^e of liftecn yeni-s he was an 
attendant of the pulilic .schools of Haden. where 
his career was marked by faithfulness tohis duties. 
and by fair proyrei^s in his studies, lie had 
heard much of the advantajres offered to vouufj 
men of push and enterprise in the New World, 
and with the laudable ambition of belterini,' his 
financial affairs, and frainin^r a secure footiiold upon 
the ladder of success, he came to America .May .'< I , 
I«4(». landing' at New York City, .\ftcr a short 
residence in the metropolis of the I nited Slates. 
he removeil to Claiion County, I'a., where, for fif- 
teen years, hisatlention was dovot<'d to t he 
fulcoiiduet of a fncnontilecstnlilislnneiit, Hedis- 

played marked ability in the mana;fenient of his 
business (ifTairs and atcumulated considerable 
means, but became dissatisfied with his lt>cation. 
dis|M)sed of his st<K.'k of ^mmmIs ami turned liis foot- 
steps towards the West. 

In IH.'i.'i, he took up his abo<le in t^uincy. 111., at 
which place he o|)ened n fjrocery store, and for live 
years thereafter his .attention was devoted to this 
eallinix. In this capacity he liecame well known 
to the citizens of Adams ( ounty,an<l acfpiired the 
reputation of an honorable, upriudit man of afTairs, desire wa.s to plejisi- and accommodate his 
patrons, a.s well as to gain a com|M'teney for him- 
.self. lie kept a well-st<Hked esl«lilishment. hantl- 
linj; all necessary articles in his line, and his ca- 
reer as a man of is one of which he has no 
occasion to be .-ohamed. Since U'comin^' natural- 
i/ed, .Mr. l{aum;;artner h:is supported the principles 
of Democracy, and for two year- .-icted in the ca- 
pacity of .Vsscxsor of t^uincy. 

In the month of .luly, l«i;t. his marna^'e with 
Miss Klizabeth A. Walley was celebrated, but after 
a very short period of wedde<l happiness he was 

left a widower, and in the nth of December, 

18.'il. he took for his second wife Miss Fannie 
Walley, sister of his former wife and d.-iujihtcr of 
Nichol;is W.illey, a I'eiin.sylvanian. .Mr. Haum- 
{jartner's tii-st union resulted in the liirth of one 
son. Samuel f )tto, who is a resident of (.^uincy. 
and is a well-known man of business, as well as an 
honored citizen. .\lr. Maiim<;nrlner has a very 
comfortable residence at No. I l(l7 Hampshire 
Street, where he and his wife trive cordial welcome 
to their numerous friiinN. 

IDtiK HKNKY Kf)I,I,KK K<)D( il.F. .lusiice 
of the I'eaee. Nolaiy Public. Pension At- 
torney ami (olleeting .\jjent. of (^iiincy. III., 
has been :\ resident of this city since iMIi.'l. 
but was born in .Viahaii, Switzerland, in IK2(>. his day beinj; the ;flst of .Inly. His father,.!. 
('. I". I{o(|o|f, was in the {''reiicli army .niid was ('oni'' 



inander of a company of Swiss in Napoleon 's Arm >-, 
with whom he inarclied to Moscow, Russia. In the 
fall of 1832, 1r- c.Tmc witli his family to America 
and settled in New Orleans, but after a very short 
residence there took his family to St. Louis, where 
he began practicing law, having been graduated in 
that science while in his native land. In the winter 
of 1832. while on a visit to New Orleans on business, 
he was taken ill and died there, leaving his family 
strangers in a strange land. His wife, who was 
formerly Miss Emerensinia von KoUer, was a 
daughter of President von Koller, who had a 
beautiful residence in the city of Zurich. He was 
President and Attorney-General of Switzerland for 
years and was a very highly educated and refined 
gentleman, and very jsromineut in the histoiy of 
his countrj'. 

Mrs. Rodolf was educated in Switzerland and 
France and was a lady of more than ordinary 
intellect. After the death of her husband, she 
nobly performed her part as head of the family-, 
and in 1833 came with her children to Galena, 111., 
but two years later removed to Mineral Point, Wis., 
where she was called from life. Her worthy traits 
of character endeared her to all, and her death was 
lamented by a wide circle of friends, as well as by 
her own immediate and sorrowing family. She 
was an Episcopalian. Her family consisted of five 
sons and two daughters, only four sons of whom 
now survive. Fred J. P. resides in LaFayette Coun- 
ty, AVis.; Hon. Theo was a member of the Slate 
Legislature, and died in La Crosse; Dr. P^rank 
S. is a resident of Oakland, Cal.; Hon. Charles .1. 
was a member of the Legislature of AVisconsin 
seven terms and is now residing in Wichita, Kan. 

Of this family Judge Henry Koller Rodolf was 
the youngest; until he was about seven years of 
age, he lived on the Rhine River, in Switzerland. 
He came with his parents to America, taking 
passage on the sailing-vessel "Isaac Hicks" at 
Havre, France, and after a short voj'age of fortv- 
eight daj's landed at New Orleans. From that 
city to Lake Pontchartrain, he rode on the first 
train of cars he had ever seen. He attended ilie 
common schools in the different localities in which 
his mother resided, hut later finished his education 
ill Mt, Morris Academy, wliicli institution he 

quitted in 1842. He entered upon the study of 
law in Wisconsin, to whose Bar he was admitted to 
practice at Richland Center in 1843, but prior to 
this time, in 1842, having learned the harness and 
saddle-maker's trade, he went to Dubuque, Iowa, 
for the jiurpose of pursuing that calling, where he 
remained in business a short time, then studied 
law, as above stated. la 1855, he returned to Du- 
buque, where he became a Clerk in the Post Office, 
and in 1856 was made Mail Clerk Agent on a 
Mississippi River steamboat and took the first mail 
that was ever carried up the Mississippi River to 
St. Paul, and afterward opened forty-seven post 
oltices on tlie way. He continued in this business 
until 1858, then located in Dubuciue. Init sjienthis 
winters at La Crosse, Wis., as si)ecial agent in the 
JIail Department. 

In 1860, he went to Virotiua and became well 
acquainted with Hon. Jerry Rusk, when the latter 
was mail carrier, and while there was United States 
Deputy JNIarshal and took the census of Vernon 
County in 1860. For some time after this he was 
in the liarness business in Sparta, to which occupa- 
tion he devoted his attention until he sold out to 
take charge of the Government Works in Racine, 
Wis., later occupying the same position in Chicago. 
In February, 1863, became to (^uincy and was in the 
Government employ, cutting out knajtsacks till the 
contracts were filled, after which he resumed woi k 
at his trade. In 1866, he was appointed Postal 
Clerk on The Wabash under President .lohnson, 
which office he held until the latter had completed 
his term of office, when he turned his attention to 
other occupations. In 1868, he made over fifty 
political speeches in Indiana and Illinois, and in 
1870 was elected Police Magistrate and Justice of 
the Peace, serving until the 4th of Jul}-, 1874. In 
187.">, he was elected Assessor of (^uincy for two 
j'cars, after wdiich he began the practice of law in 
the Justice Courts, giving considerable attention 
to pensions. 

Since 1885, he has held the office of Justice of the 
I'eace. has been a member of the County Demo- 
cratic Committee for years, has been Chairman of 
his precinct convention and a delegate to the 
county and State conventions. He has been an 
active politician and has made a great many poll- 



lical spcfclu's, ns w«'ll ns }i|>oeclic.s for differt'iit 
sofietic's. lit- wns tlit- first oiip to orjinnizc the 
eiglil-linur syj^tviM fur wmkiiicn. and is in pvcrv 
resptfl tlu' wriiknicn's friend, and Im.x nindo many 
specelifs ill tlicir lielialf in both Knjirlisli and (ler- 
nian. lie lia.s n c-onifortaltie residence at No. 2"2;!l 
Ilainpsliire .Street, (^iiiney. He was first married 
in 1811, in |)nliui|uc. to Miss Kliza Corkery, a 
native of l'liila<1elpliia, I'a.. wiio died in Dn- 
luu|ne after liavinji borne six children: !•". II.. in 
Dakota: .loiiii .1., at Mt. Sterlinjr. 111.: A. ('., a 
niorcliant of I,e Mars, Iowa; .Mary, wife of V. W. 
Nanels. of Denver; ICmnia, wife of |{. T. Shcckelis 
of Denver; and Khod;i. wife of S. 1'. Ilesler. of 

!Mr. Hodolf's second union look place in Duhn- 
<)ue in 1H.">!). Kllen Mealy, of Cork, Ireland, liecoin- 
in}; his wife; she is tlie mother of seven children: 
l.onis. wife of II. W. .leffrey, of Denver; Kttie, 
wife of K. 1'. Woillard; Nellie. Lillian, Laura, 
Isabel and Henry .1., the latter being head clerk 
for Ilessler \- Co., corainis.sion merchants. .Mr. 
Rodolf .-ind family are members of the Catholic 
Church, and he is an old and highly respected 
citizen of this .section. 

i =-^^^m-^^mmm=^ 

TOIIN r. WKN/.KL. Prominent among the 
commercial resources of the city of i^uincy 
must be included the trade carrie<l on in 
agricultural implements, and among those 
most prominently identilied with it is Mr. .lohn 1'. 
Wenzel, who is a gentleman of wide and enlight- 
ened views, and one highly esteemefl in business 
and .s<K-ial circles in this lUiurishingi-ity. Combin- 
ing energy anil force with his experience, and giv- 
ingclose attention to his business, Mr. Wenzel gains 
more and more the people's patronage. l5orn in 
Adams County. III., in October, 183!!, it is but 
natural perhaps that he should t«ke more interest 
Ml the progress and <levelopment of his county 
than those who have moved in from other .Stales. 
He has ever lieen noted for the deep interest he 


takes in all the affairs of moment in the county, 
particularly those relatintr in any way to the com- 
mercial resources of the city. 

The subject of our sketch inherits all the perse- 
verance and energy for which he is noted from 
his (ierman ancestors, who were wealthy and in- 
lluential jwople of their native eoiintry. I lis par- 
ents, .lohn and Margaret (Leibig) Wenzel. were 
iKirn in the Fatherhind, but at an early daU- emi- 
grated to America, and in 18:5:1 made a settlement 
in Adams County, III. They were the parent.s of 
nine children, of whom our subject was the eldest 
son. The latter was reared on a farm and received 
the advantages of a district-schrtol education in 
Melrose Township. Like the nu»jority of farmer 
boys, he divided his lime between attending .school 
and assisting his father on the farm, where he early 
bec:ime inured to hard labor. Fiom the age of 
seventeen until nineteen, he was actively employed 
on the farm, but in the spring f>f 18.'i8 he came to 
<.iuinc_\ and began learning the blacksmith "s trade. 
This he continued with fair success until 187!t, 
when, in partnership with (lec^rge Keller, he en)- 
Itarked in the farm im|>lemenl business, uniler the 
lirm name of Wenzel A Keller, and tliLs still con- 
tinues. They are located in a good business part 
of the city, occupy three rooms, i^.^xfin feet, ami 
are doing a flourishing and very successful busi- 
ness. Energetic, reliable, conducting their business 
on the most elevated plane of mercantile honor 
and practically conversant with it in all its details, 
this lirm has become one of the lepresentative ones 
in this line in (^uiiicy. 

In the vear 18(i:i. Mr. Wenzel w.-is married to 
Miss Caroline Ileiliiian, dauuhter of .lacob Ileil- 
man. of <iuiiicy. Hy her he had one dau;;htir, 
Lydia, wife <if Ernest C. Miller, of (^uiiicy. llewa-s 
married the second lime to Miss Ann A. I'llger. 
and they have the following chiblren: Amelia. at 
home: Laur.-i. .-i sleiiograi>her of (^iiincy : AllK-rL.Vr- 
lliur and Leroy. 

.Mr. and .\Ii>. Wenzel :ire earnest and devoted 
meml)ers of the Methodist Cliui-eh, and are claj>.sed 
anioMif the highl\' respected and esteemed citizens 
of the place. They enjoy the comforts of a good 
home at No. 1(1.17 .lersey Street. In politics, .Mr. 
Wenzel is a Kepublic.aii. and ailds lii> iiilbienee to 



every cause that needs a helpful impetus and 
promises to be a benefit to the people at large. 
We take pleasure in presenting this worthy gen- 
tleman and his family among the prominent busi- 
ness men whose biographies are given in this work. 
Mr. Wenzel is a member of Gem Citj' Camp No. 
319, ]M. W. of A., and is a member of the People's 
Benefit Association. 



^ATHAN ROBBINS, one of the most exten- 
sive land-owners and a leading agricultur- 
ist of North East Township, residing in 
Golden, claims North Carolina as the State of his 
nativity. He was born in Guilford County, in 
1824, and is a son of .James and Elizabeth (.Johnson) 
Robbins, the former a native of North Carolina, 
and the latter of Ireland. Of their family, Cle- 
ments married Miss Leo Burke, aud came to tliis 
county in 1836. William, born in 1818, married 
Miss Dorset, and is living in North East Town- 
ship; Kesiah, wife of Nixon Balfour, born ni 1826, 
resides in Augusta, 111.; Martha, born in 1828, is 
the wife of James Warren, of this county; Rosa, 
born in 1830, is the wife of Jeffrey Horney, of 
La Prairie, 111.; Ann, born in 1833, is the wife of 
Lemuel Burke, of this county; A. Smith, born in 
183.5, makes his home in this county; Jane, born 
in 1836, is the wife of Josepli CrumwelLand resides 
ill Cedar Rapids, Iowa. 

(Jur subject spent the first twelve years of his 
life in the State of his nativity, and in 1836 came 
to Adams County, 111. On attaining to mature 
j-ears, he married Miss Elizabetii J. Dorset, who 
was born in 1832. Their union, celebrated in 
1848, has been blessed with a family of seven 
children: Jeffrey, born in 1849, married Miss Dor- 
set, and resides in Kansas; James, born in 1851, 
married Miss Hackney, and makes his home in 
North East Township; C. P., born in 1853, wed- 
ded Miss Ross, and is living in Missouri; 
Lewis, born in 1856, married Miss AValker, and 

lives in Colorado; William, born in 1857, married 
Miss Hoyt, and lives in this county; Mary, born 
in 1859, is the wife of James Ross, of this county, 
and Iva May, born in 1871, now Mrs. Eugene 
Ketchum, completes the family. 

Throughout his entire life Mr. Robbins has en- 
gaged in agricultural pursuits. Purchasing a farm 
of one hundred and sixty acres in North East 
Township, he there made his home until 1891. 
For that farm, which he bought when twenty-four 
years of age, he paid 1350. He improved the 
laml, erected good buildings upon it, and made it 
an excellent farm. He has since bought four hun- 
dred and eighty acres additional, and is one of the 
extensive land-owners of the county. His success 
has all been acquired thvough his own efforts. He 
started out in life empty-handed, but with perse- 
verance and determination lie overcame the diffi- 
culties ill his path and steadily worked iiis way up- 
ward to a position of wealth and affluence. His 
prosperity is certainly well deserved. In politics, 
he is a Republican, and is a liberal supporter and 
faithful member of the United Brethren Church. 
Those who know him esteem him highly for his 
sterling worth, and his friends throughout the 
comniunitv are many. 

\T'OSEPH H. ALESHIHE, M. D. In every 
I town througliout our broad land, there may 
I lie found men who are proving successful 
' ill the practice of medicine and surgery, and 
who are becomiug known rapidly or otherwise in 
accordance with their skill. The town of Plain- 
ville is the seat of the labors of several physicians 
who manifest as much ability in the treatment of 
diseases as their brethren in our large cities. 
Among this number is Dr. Aleshiie, who was born 
in Hancock Countj', 111. 

The subject of our sketch lint two years of 
age when he was brought by his parents to Rich- 
field Township, this county, and here grew to 
mature years, receiving an excellent education 


I. IT 

in the puMit- scliool and in llie i-ollegeal Diuivillo, 
Ohiii. hi 1K7(I, he wi'iil to Woodville, Ky., wlierc 
lie wiirkcil at liis tiaiU- of a carriafjc iniiiiiifacliiier. 
ein|ili)yiii<.' lii> leisure time in leailiii^ inedn-iiie 
iiiulcr Dr. K. \V. Woodson, one of the most promi- 
nent pli\>icians in tlie Ulue (irass Slate. After 
l)einf; tlius fny.iued for two years, he returned to 
this Stjite. and at l.ilK'rty pursued liis niedieal 
stuilies with Dr. (Jrinies. In tlie fall of 1KT2. he 
entered tli<' St. Louis Medieal College, and in the 
!«pring of the foilowini; year located at Seehorn, 
and hesran the practice uf his i)rofession. In 1M77, 
he received the tlegree of Doctor of .Medicine from 
the College of I'hysicians and .Surgeons at Keokuk, 
Iowa, and retiiiningto Seehorn, engaged in practice 
there for two years, at the end of which time, June 
2*2, 187!), he located in I'lainville, and has since 
l>een identiiied with the interests of this place. 

The lady to whom Dr. .Vleshin wits married in 
August, 1872, was Miss Kli/.a F., daughter of .lame.s 
M. and Nancy McCrac. a most refined and intelli- 
gent lady. To them has Ik'cii granted a family 
of three children: Jessie, Leonard and James. 
They have all heeii given tine ions, and the 
eldest h.'is been engaged as a teacher in the county 
for the past two years. .Soon after locating in 
this place, the Doctor estiihlislied in the drug luisi- 
ness, which he has since carried on in connection 
with his extensive i)rnctice. 

Jonathan aiui rcrmelia (Marshall) Aleshirc. the 
parents of our siiliject, were natives of ()liio, this 
State, and were married in Meigs County. Ohio. 
Of the four children lioin to them, three grew to 
mature yeai-s, viz: our suliject. \V. Oscar, and 
Irena, who is now deceased. W. O.scar married 
Miss Llla IIat«-lier, and hecamc the father of five 
children, the youngest of whom was adopted In- 
cur subject when eight yeai-s of age. Orandfather 
Kphr.-iim .Meshire was a wheelwright by trade ami 
followeil that profession in this State, where he 
wasone of the early pioneei-s. His father, Kphraim 
Aleshire, was a pioneer Baptist minister and a 
circuit rider in Ohio. 

Dr. -Vleshire is public-spirited and endeavoi-s by 
continual rendiii;; and thought to ailvunce his pro- 
fe.ssional culture, and thus make his work of 
greater beiielit to mankind. He is identified with 

the Modern Woodmen, is an Arch Mason and is a 
popular member of society, lieing genial, well- 
breil and well informed. He owns a pleaiiant hoiiie 
in the village and numliers among his friends the 
be»t re.sidents in the county. In politics, he is a 
stanch Democrat. He belongs to th<' Adams 
Counl\- Medical Association, to the interest of 
which he contributes by his manifest desire to in- 
crease his own knowledge and skill ami lay tn-fore 
its members every illuslratioii or ipiestion which 
his own practice develop.s. 


DWIN CLKVKLANl), insurance agent. 
The city of (^uincy can cerUiinly be con- 
I ^ gratulated upon the high standard of en- 
teiprise and ability displayed by its leading insur- 
ance agents, prominent among whom is .Mr. Cleve- 
land, who is kiii>wii as one of the most reliable 
authorities on ail matters pertjiiiiing to insurance, 
and stands in the very foremost rank. .Mthougli 
his earliest recollections arc of .\dams County, 
111., he W!Ls born in Ashtabula County, Ohio. De- 
cember 21, 18:!,'(, but his father. Isjuic Cleve- 
land, was born in Schoharie County. N. Y., the 
Kmpire State l>eing also the natal State of the 
paternal grandfather, Henry Clevelaml. The lat- 
ter was an honest "'son of the soil,'" but in connec- 
tion with this work followed the calliny: of a 
black^niith. He was a soldier in the War of 1H12, 
and was well known for his [latriotic sentiments. 
He came to .Vdniiis County, 111., in .lune, lM."i7. 
ami with his fjimilv located in iiichtield, near 
which (ilace he purchased some unimproved land, 
which he grc'itly improved prior to his death. He of Knglish descent and sprang from Kenj.-itnin 
Cleveland, who came to America in Itili.-i. 

Isaac Cleveland was reared and married in the 
State of his birth, but after the celebration of hi- 
ll iiptials he removed to Ohio, where he resided for 
two ye.Mis. In -lune, 1H.'}7. he came via the Ohio 
and .Mississippi Rivers to Richtield, Adams Coun- 
tv. with his father where he also purchased and 



improved a wild tract of land, working also at the 
stone-mason's trade. In 1882, be sold out and 
located at Barry, Pike County, wliere he is still 
living retired from the active duties of life, hav- 
ing attained to his seventy-seventh year. He was 
a township officer in early days and has long been 
a member of the Methodist Episcopal Church. He 
was married to Miss Mary A. Chickering, in Scho- 
liarie County, N. Y., a daughter of a pioneer set- 
tler of that county. She died in Adams County 
at the age of fift^'-flve years, having become the 
mother of six children, three of whom are living. 

Edwin Cleveland's first recollections are of his 
old log home in Adams County and the region 
roundabout, which abounded in wild game of 
all kinds. He was brought up at a time when the 
advantages of an education were not so fully ap- 
preciated as at this day, and when the facilities for 
obtaining an education were only such as the com- 
mon schools of that day afforded, but sound sense 
and discriminating judgment were not lacking 
and he improved his opportunities to the utmost. 
At the age of nineteen years, he left home to do 
for himself, and purchased a farm of eighty acres, 
which, at that time, was heavilj' covered with tim- 
ber. This farm he successfully conducted un- 
til the fall of 1861, when he enlisted in Com- 
pany L of the Tenth Illinois Cavalry, and 
was mustered into the service at Quincy as a 
private; the following spring he was sent South 
and was in a number of raids and skirmishes in 
Missouri. He was honorably discharged in No- 
vember, 1862, having been wounded in the knee 
in an engagement, which necessitated his being 
sent to the hospital, where his leg was amputated 
above the knee. Succeeding this, he opened a 
general mercantile establishment in Richfield, but 
three years later he went to Newtown and bought a 
wagon and plow shop, which he successfully oper- 
ated for four 3'ears. 

In 1871, he was nominated and elected to the 
position of Count}' Treasurer on the Democratic 
ticket, and in December of that year he entered 
upon his duties, which he discharged in so faithful 
and satisfactory a manner that he was re-elected in 
187;5, and served until 187.5. During this time, 
the Court House caught lire and burned to the 

ground, but owing to the heavy snow on the roof 
the fire was slow, and so all the valuable county 
documents and papers were saved. ^Ir. Cleveland 
next engaged in tiie manufacture of brick, luit 
three years later opened an insurance office and is 
now ably representing three companies: Trader's 
of Chicago; Manchester, of England,and Newark, of 
New Jersey. He is serving his sixth year as Town- 
ship Supervisor and has been on the Committee of 
Finance, the Committee on Claims, and others. He 
was married in Richfield in 18.34 to Miss Sarah E. 
Young, daughter of .Tames F. Young, one of the 
early settlers of this section. They became the par- 
ents of six children: Melissa (Mrs. Proctor) died in 
Newtown; Ilattie; Ada; William II. died at the age 
of twenty-six years; Anna (Mrs. Fulton); Lena 
died when young. Mr. Cleveland is the owner of 
considerable real estate in (Quincy, and is well off 
financially. He is a member of Bodily Lodge, A. 
F. i\r A. M., which order he joined in 1858, and 
has held numerous offices in tiiesame. He was one 
of the organizers, and is now Commander of the 
Union Soldiers' and Sailors' Veteran Association, 
and is Secretary of the Adams County Democratic 
Central Committee. 

IIARLES SELLNEK. The subject of the 
following sketch is one of the most pleasant 
and agreeable among the business men of 
this city. He has been a dealer in leather and find- 
ings, and has lived on his present site since 1856. 
He was born in Wurtemberg, near Stuttgart, Ger- 
many, October 17, 1825. 

In 1847, our subject came to America, coining 
via London, where he embarked in a sailing-vessel, 
"Toronto" by name, and after a forty-two days' 
trip, reached New York City. From there he 
came to Buffalo, N. Y., where he engaged as a clerk 
in a hide and leather store, working for $4 and 
board at first, this being gradually increased. 
He remained with this house for a short time, and 
then engaged with J. F. Schoellkopfs, who is still 


I n 

:\ lni<rc U'atlii'i' nicrclmiit .'it thai pliu'c. IIiti' lie 
I'l-iimiiieil for iiiiif yi':u> inid workcil fmiii tlicliut- 
liiin u|i. Ill I.s.'h;. lie fjiiiii- tt>(^iiiiic\ l)_\ llic Noilli- 
fiii (los!* liailruiui, ami 1ii'j;mii l>ii>iiic.s.s fur liim!<t'lf 
ill tin- Mock llial 111' now ix'cupii'S, oiiua<;iii<i ni>l 
ill till' hide and leather ImsinoNs niid later eiiteriii<: 
into llie leather and liiidin<rs business, lie now 
lia> one of the oldest leather house.- in (^iiiney. 
and |ii'olialily in the State. 

Our .«»il>ject wa.s ninriied III New ^olk Slate to 
Miss Amelia Kiiorr. who was horn in Wiirli'iiiheiLr. 
(Jennany. 'I'liey have live ehildren : (harU's. a 
dealer in Jihotoijraphie siiiiplies at l)es Moines, 
Iowa; Alhert, in the same hiisino.'-s in (^iiiney: 
Kmilie. now Mi's. Althaus, rcsidintr in St. I.oiiis: 
Julia, now .Mrs. Knittlc. residiliir in <i>iiiiiey. and 
Dr. Arnold, who is a •jradiiate of St. Louis Med- 
ieal College and resides at St. Louis. 



U IIAHI) F. NKWCOMH. The eily of 
l^uiney i.s the home of in.'iiiy enerjretie and 
^•^ \ prosperous business men who have won 
for thein.selvcs both fame and fortune, but 
none merit greater praise or arc more highly es- 
teemed than he history einims attention, 
lie is considered one of the most substantial and 
enterprising citizens of the place, where lie is a 
enpitnlist and a retired paper maniif.actiirer. 

.V native of Massachusetts, our subject was born 
in liernardston, Franklin County, September 
2", 18."J7, and is the youngest of nine children 
born to /ebina H. and >Laria L. ((loodale) New- 
comb. His father for many yeais engaged 
in the general mercantile business and liore an en- 
viable re|iiitation .as a most charitable and benev- 
(tlent gentleman. Richard F. of this sket<.<li re- 
ceived his primary education in the common 
selii«)|s of his native town, and when ipiite young 
actjiiired a knowledge of agriculture, much of his 
time having lieen s[>cnt on a farm. Heing desir- 
ous of gaining a good education, he attended the 

home academy and afterward became a stiulenl 
at Willision Seminary, at K.astlianipton, Miuss. 

When sixteen years of age, young Neweomb 
went to ISoston, where he .-erveil an apprentice- 
ship and remained for four years. Reliiniini; to 
his native town, he there remained until entering 
the service of his country in IK(!2, when he lie- 
I'.'iine a member of Company .V, Fifty -seconil .Ma>- 
sacliusett.'< Infantry, and for nine months fought 
bravely and well to save his country''' honor. .Vt 
the expiration of that time, he received his dis- 
charge and, returning home, a>-i-ted Ids fMlIiiT in 
the mercantile l)usiiie.<«s. 

Desiring to know more of the Western eoiintry . 
Mr. Newc4>inb in !»)>(! came West, locating in 
lieloii. Wis., where he engaged to work in the pa|ier 
mills nianiira<-tiiring wrapping paper, lie |iossessed 
such energy and force of character that he was 
soon given an interest in the business, in the con- 
duct of which he exhibited that shrewd judgment 
" which later placed him on the top round of the lad- 
der of fortune. After continuing in IJeloit for sev- 
eral years, Mr. Neweomb came to (^iiiney and pur- 
cha.sed of Messrs. WoodrutT A- IJoyd the mill prop- 
erty which was located on .South Front .Street. 
This he greatly improved, added new machinery 
and increa.sed the capacity of the plant. His 
piircliH:$e of the old paper mills, and his skillful 
management of the same, proved to the people his 
cap.acity as a business man. He wius the prime 
mover in the organization of the t^uincy Paper 
Company, of which he was made I'resident. :ind 
with which he was actively connected until \)<X'.K 
when he retired from business, although he is a 
large stockholder in the company. 

Our subject is a sagacious, practical man uf 
business, possessing the necessary foresight, linaii- 
cial ability and tenacity of piir|«ise reipiisite to 
success in any walk, and his affairs are manage 1 
with scrupulous honesty and with a conscientious 
regard for the rights of others. He been 
inomineiit in the upbuilding of (^uincy and has 
never allowed his enterprises to linger long on a 
.scheme, but has always taken an active part in all 
measures tending toward its improvement, and his 
inlliience and generosity are felt in all diixH-tions. 
To Richard F. .Neweomb is due the biiililing of 



the Newcomb Hotel on Fourth and Main Streets, 
also the location of the new librar3^ building; the 
beautiful appearance of the business block at the 
same corner is largely due to his enterprise, for 
many thousands of his money are invested in the 
lilirary and hotel. 

His frank, courteous bearing and warm-hearted 
nature make his friendsiii|) desirable, and have 
won for Mr. Xewcomb the conlidence of the en- 
tire community and given him a liigh place in the 
regard of all with whom he associates either in a 
business or social way. He is kept busy looking 
after his large property investments in Quincy, 
and is still interested in a number of important 
manufacturing enterprises. He is President of a 
company organized to build the (Quincy, Beards- 
town & Havana Railroad, and is also associated 
with other gentlemen in promoting anenterpiise 
for constructing a new railroad and wagon biidge 
across the Mississippi River at Quincy, with ter- 
minal facilities. If these enterjirises are success- 
fully consummated, they will add largely to the 
growth and prosperity of the city of t^uincy. Mr. 
Newcomb takes an .active part in local. .State and 
National politics, and is a pronounced Democrat. 

In 1891, Mr. Newcomb built his palatial resi- 
dence of modern architectural design, elegantly 
finished and furnished throughout, and pleasantly 
located on the corner of Sixteenth and Main 
Streets. Ju 1860, Mr. Newcomb was married in 
M.assaehusett to Miss Eliza A. Bowman, who died, 
leaving one daughter. In 1868, Mr. Newcomb 
and Miss Anna M. Ritchie, of Beloit, Wis., were 
united in marriage, and tiieir union has been 
blessed with four cliildreu, all living and at home 
with their ijarents. 



T=T7' M. SIMMONS, the eflicient Supervisor of 
■r^^j Ellington Township, and a prominent and 
\ representative farmer residing on section 
6, is a native of this State. He was born in Mor- 
gan County, August .30,1832. His father, Enos 

Simmons, was a native of Kentucky, and in a very 
early day emigrated to Morgan County, where he 
resided ten years. He was one of its first settlers. 
In 183.'5, he came to Adams County and puicliased 
eighty acres of land on section 6, Ellington Town- 
ship, only partially improved. The small log 
cabin was his home for some years. He cleared 
and planted one hundred and sixty acres of land, 
and in course of time had a fine farm. He mar- 
ried Alice Scott, a native of Kentuck}', who died 
in 18.")0, and after her death he was again married. 
Bj' the first union, he had eleven children, but 
only two are now living, and onlv one of the four 
children born of the second marriage is living. 
The father died in 1863, at the age of .seventy-two 
years. In early life, he was a member of the Meth- 
odist Episcopal Church, but joined the Methodist 
Protestant Church on its organization, and was 
one of its prominent and faithful workers. From 
a financial standpoint, his life was very successful. 

The subject of this sketch was the fifth child in 
his father's family. Since a bal)e of a year, he has 
resided in tins county, has witnessed almost its en- 
tire growth, and has been identified with its up- 
building and improvement. The subscription 
schools furnished him his educational privileges. 
He remained at home until twenty-four years of 
age, and then purchased a sawmill in Ellington 
Townsliip, in 18.56, about two miles west of his 
father's home. Two years later, he purchased an 
interest in a threshing-machine, which he operated 
for two years. In 1860, he bought a small farm 
on section 6, Ellington Township, and has since 
devoted his energies to agriculture pursuits. In 
1863, he purcli.ased the old homestead, and has 
since resided thereon. He now owns a fine farm 
of one hundred and eight3- .acres of land, pleas- 
antly located about seven and a half miles from 
Quincv. The highly cultivated land yields to him 
a golden tribute, and the neat appearance of the 
place indicates his careful supervision. He is also 
interested in other lands. 

On the 5th of May, 1861. iMr. Simmons wedded 
Mary A. Campbell, one of the fair daughters of 
this county. Her parents, Claybourn and Rachael 
Campbell, were natives of Kentucky, and became 
early settlers of Adams County. Six children 


1 1.; 

were Imni i>f tlu-ir iiiiioii: \Villi:iiii .iiiil Rufii>. 
tK'ceasvd; Maiv K.; John 'I'., who i.s iiianifd nn<l 
roi<los on a farm on strtion 0, Kllin!;ton Town- 
ship; C'harlos ('.. who is inarriiMl and follows fann- 
ing on section 7; and Mattie K. 

Hoth Mr. and Mi's. Simmons are miMnbers of the 
Mothodi>t I'rolf-Iant ( liurfli. in whieli he has 
served as Steward, lie has also Ix-en a delp<jate 
to its conferenees several limes, and is one of its 
faithfnl and leading workers, doing all in his 
power to promote its growth. His life is in har- 
mony with ills profession, and ins honorably up- 
right earoer is well worthy of enuilation. In pol- 
itics, he is a stalwart Repiihiiean, and has fre- 
ipiently served as a delegate to the county con- 
ventions. For fifteen years, he held the olliee of 
.Sc-hool Director, and is now serving his third term 
as SuperTisor. discharging his duties with credit to 
himself and to the satisfaction of his constituents. 
Fur almost sixty yeai-s, he has made his home in 
this county, and few inen are more widely or fav- 
orably known in the community tliini V. M. Siiii- 
Mions. the honored pioneer. 



Umy \V. liVI.ANl) is an enterprising an<l 
representative agriculturist of North Fast 


^sJI Township. lie owns one hundred and 
V<^f/ sixty acres of land on sections 1 and 12, 
and devotes his entire time and attention to its 
cultivation. The place is now one of the leading 
farms of the community, complete in all it.s ap- 
pointments and supplied with all modern acces- 
sories. A neat and commodious seven-rfKjm resi- 
dence is su(>plcmented by good barns and outbuild- 
ings and these in turn are surrounded b\- well- 
cultivated fields, their waving grain giving promise 
of golden harvests. 

Mr. Byland was born in lM2."i, and is the seconil 
in order of birth in a family of two sons and two 
daughters. The parents were tJeorge and I'ranccs 
Byl«n<l. William, the eldest child, born in 1H2:{, 
was married, and died in I8t»0. .Jennie. b<irn in 

IH'JM, is the wife of Tlioma.-^ II. iiaker. of Nebraska, 
by whom she Iiils live children; Klizabetb. Ixirn in 
IM'2, married Willie I'. IJowers, a resident farmer 
of Iowa, by whom she ha.- three children. 

The subject of thi> sketch acipiiied hiseducaliun 
in the same school that lion. .Iame> ( i. lllHiiir al- 
teiiderl. .\t the ago of seventeen years, he began 
learning the mason's trade and followed that oc- 
eupatiiui for twenty year.s. With a view to trying 
his fortune in the West, he emigrated to this county 
ill 18,">.'), an<l here followed his chosen trade for a 
numlier of years. As the result <if his thrift, eiiter- 
pri>e and good dealing, he did an excellent business. 
.\t length, he purclia.«ed one hundred and sixty acres 
of land at !?H(i(i and ttirnetl his atl4-ntion to the 
developnu'ul of :i farm. That tract ha.- >ince U-en 
his home. 

In lM."i.'). .Mr. liyliiiid wn- united in m.-irriavc 
with Sarah A. Iiaker. who was born in Im;)(). and 
was one of a family of seven ehildren. Thomas II., 
boj'ti in 1822. married .lane liyland, by whom he 
has live children and makes his home in Nebra.-ka. 
lieorge, born in the year 1821, resides on a farm 
in Wisconsin, and married Martha Watson, by 
whom he has three children. Margaret, born in 
1821), is now deceased. Lewis .)olin,lK>rn in 18.S2. 
resides in Kansas with his wife and live children. 
During the late war, he enlisted in the State 
militia and served for three years. William .M.. 
liorn in 18.'! 7, married Fannie Gliist, and is a car- 
penter of California. Pa. He enlisted in the 
Seventh Pcnn.sylvania Kegiiuent and was in the 
service four yeare. (lark L., born in 18^1, wa.- a 
member of a Pennsylvania cavalry compaii\. 
tieorge also served several months during the 
fivil War. 

I'nto Mr. and Mrs. Byland have been born four 
children: Mary F., born in IHiiG, is the wife of 
.lames K. W'alker. of this county; Fmma, born in 
18.-17. is the wife of Charles Walker, also of this 
county; Wilber, born in IM.'iii, married I.onie F. 
Tarr and with their only child they reside in .\ilams 
County: Annie, born in IKIM, is the wife of .lack- 
son T. Hottorff uiid they have one child, Fdith F. 

For a half century, our subject has l>een a mem- 
ber of the Methodist Fpiscopal Church and for 
fort^■ \''ii« lii« uifi- li.i- been rniinciiei) uiih the 



same church. He has served as Class-leader and 
Trustee and lias ever been one of its liberal sup- 
porters, faithful meml)ers and active workers. For 
many years, he taught in the He 
has long been a member of tlie Masonic fraternity 
and in politics he is a Republican but has never 
lieen an ollice-seeker. Mr. Byland is a man in 
whom liis fellow-citizens repose implicit confi- 
dence. A long life characterized b^' all that is hon- 
orable and upriglit has won him their high regard. 

(* felLLIAM A. ttUSEMAN,a self-made man, 
\f\i/l engaged in agricultuial pursuits on sec- 
\VW tion 17,Keene Township, was born in i\Ion- 
ongalia County, AV. Va., October 25, 1827, and 
is of (lerman descent, the family having been 
founded in America by the great-grandfatlier of 
our subject, wlio was born in Germany, and, with 
his brother, started for America. They arrived 
safeh' in New York, but never saw eacii otlier 
afterward. The grandfatlier was a farmer and had 
large milling interests in A'irginia. 

Isaac Guseman, fatlier of our subject, was born 
in Fredericksburg, Xa,., in 1791. and when seven- 
teen years of age, learned the trade of a silver- 
smitli, which he followed throughout his entire 
life, lie and two of his brothers served in the 
War of 1812. He came to Illinois in 1858, and 
here spent the remainder of his days. He was a 
local preaclier of the Methodist Episcopal Church, 
and for over fifty years engaged in the work of 
tlie ministry. He preaclied a great many funeral 
sermons, and held successful revival meetings, 
in wliicli many conversions were made. His death 
ocenrrcd in 1871, in liis eighty-first 3'ear. His was 
a long-lived family. His eldest brother died at 
the age of eighty-eight, and two otlier brothers 
reached the age of ninety-tiiree. Mrs. Guseman, 
motlier of our subject, bore tlie maiden name of 
Jane Heed. .Sjie, too, was born in \'irginia, and 
came of an ohl faniilv of that .State. Slic died in 

1861, at the age of fifty -eight years, in the faith of 
the Methodist Church. 

Our subject was the third in the family of five 
sons and live daugliters, of wliom six are yet liv- 
ing. His education was acquired in the subscrip- 
tion schools in the old pioneer log schoolhouse, 
with its puncheon floor, slab seats, and few books. 
At the age of eighteen, he took charge of a store 
in Morgantown, W. Va., which he operated for 
three j'ears, and, on attaining his majority, he 
embarked in business for himself in that line. 
Twelve years were spent in this way. He was 
also engaged in lumbering and milling, and met 
with good success until 1856, when his sawmill 
was burned, and he sustained a heavy loss, as there 
was no insurance upon it. In the spring of 1858, 
he came to Illinois, and spent about three 3ears in 
Hancock County. In 1861, he came to Adams 
Count}', and purchased a farm in Keene Township, 
on which he has since made his home. He has 
eighty acres of valuable land on section 17, and 
one hundred on sections 9 and 16. His posses- 
sions have all been acquired through his own 
labors, and arc as nifinuments to his thrift and en- 

Mr. Guseman was one of the boys in blue dur- 
ing the late war. He enlisted in August, 1862, as 
a member of Comjiany B, Seventy-eightii Illinois 
Infantry, but was transferred to Company D, and 
served sixteen months. He was a member of the 
Reserve Corps, and participated in no regular bat- 
tles. He was injured at Bridgeport, Ala., and was 
taken to Chattanooga on a wagon, where he re- 
ceived his discharge, in November, 1863, on ac- 
count of physical disabilit}-. Although not in the 
regular b.attles, he saw some hard service. 

On his return home, ISIr. Guseman resumed 
farming, and in the year 1868 he was married 
to Miss Laverna E. ]5reneman, of West A'irginia, 
who, at the age of three years, came with her 
parents to Illinois, the family settling in Hancock 
County, where the father and mother both died. 
Our subject and his wife have two sons, William 
H. and Harry .S. 

Mr. Guseman was reared as an old-line Whig, 
and since the organization of the Reiuiblican 
party has been one of its stanch supporters. He 

roiMK'AiT .\M> i;iiii.i;.\r'iii(Ai. iM.roKn. 

1 1.-. 

has atteiidi'd iimiiy of its conventions, and takes 
an active interest in (mlitical atTaii>. He servetl 
as Supervisor for two yt'ai's. lias lieeii Scliool 
■rrca>urer for six yeai-s, has lieeu a nieniU-r of llie 
Town Hoard of Trustees for a lonfj period, ami 
was President two years. His faitliful perform- 
ance of duty led to his continuance in olllce, and 
won him commendation. Socially, lie is a niem- 
lier of the (Jrand .\rmy of the liepultlic. Ilini.-elf 
and wife have U-en memliers of the Methodist 
Kpisi-opal Church for a (|U!irtcr of a century, and 
are earnest workers in the .Ma.-<ter's vineyard. 
Mr. (iuseman is Steward and Trustee, and has 
>crved several years as Class-leader. His life has 
Ih'cu well and worthily s|>ent. and the hl<;h rcfjard 
of the entire community is his. He is a promi- 
nent and inlluentiul citizen, and liy his enterprise 
and iudu?trv hecome a suhstanlial farmer. 


ll\i;i.i:s II. SPKNCKH. The gentleman 
who>e lijoiiraphy is here {»iven is a t;cnial, 
pleasjinl man. and litis the important po- 
sition he holds with credit t<.i the railroad he 
is connected with. lie was horn in Cau-jlide- 
noy, Osweijo County, N. V.. .\uL.Mi.-t lit. IHKi. 
His father was born in Coblcskill, and his grand- 
father, Charles, was from near .Mliany. He was a 
miller, and later removed Ui Western New York. 
and died near Lockport. 

The father of our sidijecl was also a miller and 
came to Oswego County when a young man and 
carried on a large industry. In I8.S8 or IM'.i he 
came to Calumet, III., but after two yeai-s of chills 
and fever, he went back to the Kmpire State and 
resumed his emphjyment of miller. He died there 
at the age of seventy, in \HHl. He was a very 
active member of the Methodist K|)iscopal 

From being a Whig he naturally went in the 
Kepubllc.'in party. His wife was Catherine .\[. Smith. 
Ixirn in Oswego County, N. Y., an<l a daughter 
of lA'onard Smith, who was born in the Mo- 

hawk \'allev, of Dutch ancestr.v. He was a con- 
tractor and builder and a brick ma.-on in Oswego 
County, and died at \'ermillioii, the same county. 
His wife died in 1KX7, aged about eighty-live 
years. ' 

Our subject has one sister. .Mi>. Kli/a .\. .lames, 
residing in AmlH>y, Oswego County. N. Y. lie had 
a common-school education and then attende<l the 
Kalley .Seminary. When eighteen years old, he 
entered a drug store as clerk, and there continued 
until lH(!(t; he afterward acted as book-keeper in a 
llouring mill, remaining there until the war. .\iig- 
ust 21, IH<)1, he came forward as one of our coun- 
try's defenders, enlisting in Company A, Tenth 
New York Cavalry at Syracuse. He entered the 
ranks and soon made .Sergeant, and went South 
that fall. In the spring of 1862, he did guard duty 
near Baltimore, and then went to Virginia. In 
18()-1, he re-enlisted and was made I.ieutenant of 
Company 1), of the same regiment, and when he 
went back to the regiment he was exposed anil 
took a very xcvere cold at .lerscy City, incapacitat- 
inghim for duty, and resigned May 1. 18GI. He was 
in charge of the wagon train from the iiapidan to 
Centreville, during the absence of his superior olli- 
cer, and was six days and seven night.>i in the .sad- 

Mr. Spencer returned home after resigning, and, 
in 18(i."i, engaged in business as jtssislant liook- 
keeper in the Citizens" National Hank at Fulton, 
N. Y. He became Teller in the bank, and kept on 
there until I«<i7, when he removed to <iuincy. 
.March I. IStJH, he became cleik for the old Toledo, 
W;ibash A: Western. now the Wabash Railroad, and 
.Viigust 8. was made chief clerk in tiie general 
aueiifs otiice. February, 187o. he was maile 
Ca.-liicr of the .simc road, and soon was appointed 
agent for the South .Shore Fast Freight Line, and 
still later was made general freight and ticket 
agent for the Mississippi \alley A- Western, now 
the St. I.ouis, Keokuk A- Northwestern, until they 
sold out. He next was !Ls.>istant freight agent of 
the St. Louis. Keokuk A- Northwestern. In 1881 
he became chief clerk of the t^uincy, Missouri A 
IVilic Division of The Wabash, and continued 
until it was abolished, and then, when the road 
came back to the original trustees in August, 188j, 



he was again chief clerk. In 1888, he was made 
secretary of tlie Quincy, Omaha it Kansas City 
line formed in February. He is ciiitf clerk in 
tlie TrafHc Manager's ofHce. 

Mr. Spencer was married here in February. 1869, 
to Miss Hattie L. Turner, wlio was born in Frani- 
inghain, Mass. Her father was Franklin Turner, 
who was an early settler here and a railroad con- 
tractor, and was in the Delano Dragoons of Illi- 
nois through the war. 

The home of our subject lias been blessed with 
four children: Ora M., AVillard B., Hattie L., and 
Emily R., deceased. Mr. Spencer has been hon- 
ored in his town by being elected to the iwsition 
of Alderman; but he resigned before the expira- 
tion of his term. He is socially inclined, and is a 
member of Hiram Lodge No. 144, A. F. & A. M., 
at Fulton, N. Y. He also belongs to Fulton Chapter 
167, K. A. M. He is a charter member and Secre- 
tary of (Quincy Council No. 175, N.I'., a secret 

Mr. S])encer is a member of the \'erniont Street 
Baptist Church, and has been the prime mover in 
the Spruce Street Jlission School, of wliicli he was 
the first Superintendent. 

^OHN O. SCHWARTZ, one of the leading 
farmers of North East Township, who owns 
and operates three hundred acres of valua- 

^ ble land on section 30, has the honor of be- 
ing a native of this State. He was born in 1841, 
and is a son of George and Mary Schwartz, who 
were natives of Switzerland and North Carolina, 
respectively, the father horn in the year 1810, 
and the mother in the ye:ir 1813. Ilopin" to 
better his financial condition, the father emi- 
grated Westward in 1834 and settled in Pike 
County, 111., where he engaged in farming until 
his death, which occurred in 1887. lie owned at 
that time two hundred and fiftj- acres of highly 
improved land and numbered among the sub- 
stantial citizens of the communilv. He was a 

member of the Congregational Church and at the 
time of his death was serving as Deacon. He held 
a number of public offices and was a prominent 
and influential citizen who had the high regard of 
all with whom he came in contact. 

The subject of this sketch is the second in order 
of birth in a family of three sons and two daugh- 
ters: Mary A., born in 1838, died in 1855, in Pike 
County; Julius, born in 1844, wedded Miss Shaw, 
who died leaving one child, and after her death he 
married Miss Brock, by whom he has three chil- 
dren; George, born in 1847, is a resident of Pike 
County; Lucy, born in 1854, is the wife of John 
Shaw, a farmer of Pike County. 

We now take up the personal history of our sub- 
ject. No event of special importance occurred dur- 
ing his boyhood days, which were quietly passed on 
his father's farm. The common schools afforded 
his educational privileges, and after his own school 
life was ended he engaged in teaching for a time. 
In 1861, at the age of twenty years, he enlisted in 
the late war as a member of Compan_y B, Twenty- 
eighth Illinois Infantry, and faithfulh^ served un- 
til the following year, when he was discharged on 
account of disability. He then returned to his 
home in Pike Count\- and for two terms again en- 
gaged in teaching school. He then aided his fa- 
ther in the cultivation and management of the 
home farm for some time. 

In the year 1864, Mr. Schwartz was married 
to Miss Martha J. O'Neil, and by their union 
have been born eight children: Laura E.. born in 
1867, is now the wife of Charles Huff; Charles, 
born in Adams County, in 1870; Gay, in 1877; 
May, in 1880; E;irl, in 1882; Clyde, in 1884; Lu. 
in 1886, and Lloyd, in 1890. 

Mr. Schwartz made his first purchase of land in 
the fall of 18611, when he became owner of two 
hundred and sixty acres in North East Township, 
for which he paid 840 per acre. The home farm now 
comprises three hundred acres, valued at $75 per 
acre. It is one of the model farms of the com- 
munity, its neat appearance, well-tilled fields and 
many impi-ovements all indicating the thrift and 
enterprise of the owner. In connection with the 
cultivation of his land, he carries on stock-raisino-. 
and success has crowned his jiidustrious and well- 

PORTK.M'I' AM) lll()(;i!AI'll'( Al. IM.((iI!I). 

I 17 

directed efforts. He does not taki- a mtn pioini- 
iionl pari in piililic nffaii-s, pi-i'fen-iii<jr lo dcvolo liis 
entire time to liis Imsinoss interest,'*. II<iwever, he 
is All lionored member of tlie I'nited Workmen. 
.Modern Woodmen, Independent Order of I. < >. 
M. A., and i.'* the present Worshipful Master of 
l.odpe No. 2()7. A. F. \' A. .M. In polities, he is a 
|{epnl>iie)in and hn.s served a.s .Scjiool Direetor and 
School Trustee. 


.VMl'KL I.. ( iill'l'KN. One of the names 
that will lonjj he renienihcred in this town- 
ship was liftrne hv our sultjeet. who was a 
prominent stoeknian and wiiat one might 
call a model citizen, now deceased. lie was born 
in Accomae County, Va., October 7, IK."?,"?, and was 
a memlter of tlie 1". 1". \''s. His father, .loiin 15. 
C'ripiien. also a native of Virginia, em iffra ted with 
his family to Illinois, arriving at (^uincy, Adams 
County, .Inly 1, 1H4;?. lie lii-st settled near Hloom- 
field,and later in one or two other localities, until 
he finally .-iettled in Camp Point, where he died 
.luly 30, 18X7, aged eighty-one. He was married 
twice, his Hi-st wife dying in 1«G1. 

Samuel was only ten years old when his paii-nts 
moved to this county. He received his education 
in the pioneer log schoolhouse with its rough 
hewn slab seat.s and mud chimney. He remained 
at home until he was twenty-one. when he went 
to (^uiney and served an apprenticeship at the 
carpenter's trade, .\fter he had learned the tiade. 
he returned to Camp Point, where he followed 
it for a few years. He abandoned liis trade after 
some years and removed to Hancock ('f)unty. 
where he purchased a farm and worked it for six 
years. In 1H(!I. he >old out and returned to 
Cam]) I'oint Township, locating on the old home- 
stead of his wife's parents on section 'Mi. Here 
he engaged extensively in farming and the rais- 
ing of line stock. He raised llainblctonian and 
Norman horses, S)iorl-horn cattle. South Uown 

.-lii>|i ;i ml I'tilancl-C liiiia liog». He w;iv regarded 
as the leading stiK-kinan of the township and his 
experience nuule him a good judge of sUx-k. a« all 
of his were of a very line breed. His health failed 
him. however, and he whs obliged to give up >l(Kk- 
raising to a great extent. 

.Mr. Ci'ippen was married .Vugust 2.'t. 1H.')7. to 
.Miss Nancy Wilks, daughter of Daniel and .lane 
(Heaugh) Wilks. The former was a native of 
Kentucky, his parents removing from that .Stnle 
to Illinois in l^.Tl. They were pioneers of .Vdanis 
County and among the lirst settlei-s in Camp 
Point Township, where they suffered some f)f the 
sutTerings incident to early days. They had 
very few neighliors and no markets, but wild 
game was plentiful. .Mr. Wilks purchased the land 
on .section .'5.'} where his daughter. .Mrs. ( i ippeu. 
now lives, from the (Jovernment and greatly ini- 
])roved it. He finally retired from active farm 
life and removed to Camp Point, where he died 
.lune 22, 1873, aged sixty-seven. His wife died 
.luly 17, 1864. The maternal grandfather. Heaugh, 
wa.s a native of Pennsylvania, of Sct)lch extrac- 
tion, emigrating to Kentucky when a young man. 
Here he married, and thence removed to .Adams 
County, 111., in the fall of 18:u. He lived justsouth 
of where Camp Point is now situated and was a 
well-known ami inuch esteemed citizen for many 

Mi's. Crippen, the widow of our subject, was 
Ixirn on the farm on which she now resides fifty- 
nine years ago. .She was educated in the log 
schoolhouse, and it is very interesting to hear her 
relate the occurrences of thf)Se early days. 

Mr. Crippeji died February II, 188!l, having 
l)een an invalid for six years previously. He was 
a member of the Christian Church and always 
took a deep interest in the Independent Onlei- of 
Odd Fellows, of which he was an honored nieiii- 
bei'. His political views were- Hepubliean, and 
lie was .'I strong teinperaiice man. and never 
used tobacco in an>' form. .Vn inllnential man. 
lie iiseil his iiitluenec for the good of the 
part v. although he never sought olliee. and was 
considered a reliable and responsible eitizi'ii. and 
was nuicli lamented when he died. 

Mr. anil ."^Irs. Crii>pen had six children: Hcury 



N.,wlio vpsides iu Davenport, Iowa; Mary Eleanor, 
wife of A. B. Word, of Camp Point; IXiniel Wilks 
married and is a farmer iu Hancock Count}-, 111.: 
.Jennie E., wife of John B. Sears, of Chicago; Rosana 
Lippincott,wife of J. T. Gilmer, a lawyer of < Juincy ; 
and John P., manager of the home farm. The 
home farm of three luindred and lifty acres is 
managed by 3Irs. Cri|)pen and lier son John. Mrs. 
Cripiien is a lady of intelligence and refinement, 
and attends to the care of thisexlensive farm with 
the best judgment. Siie is well known and beloved 
throughout the country as a good woman. 

bi» > .^ t T.i i - 

^ I I > — 

EV. WILLIAM B. COKBYN, 1). D., Prin- 
ipal of the Iligli School at (^uincy, occu- 

■i \\\ pies a prominent jjlace among the cduca- 
■j^tovsot the State. Tlie citizens of (^uincj- 
are wont to say with pride that no city of equal 
size iu the entire West has better schools, and cer- 
tainly the}- are everything that an eflicient corps 
of teachers and experienced and conscientious 
principals can make them. The curriculum of 
study emliraces those brandies taught in the best 
institutions of like character in the land, and the 
course is both thorough and comprehensive. 

The gentleman whose name iutioduees this sketch, 
and who is foremost among the educators in the 
Gem City of the West, is deserving of more than 
l)a.ssing mention in tliis vdluine. He belongs to 
a family which traces its ancestiy to England, and 
has furnished soldiers for the defense of our 
country, as well as distinguished members to the 
various jnofcssions. The paternal grandfatlier of 
our subject, William Corbyn, was the fouitli gen- 
eration in the I'nited Slates, and was .-i farmer of 
New England. 

Joseph P. Corb}^!, father of our subject, was 
born in Connecticut, where he grew to manhood, 
and was married to Miss Mary, daughter of Henry 
Howard, of Ashford, Conn. In 1815, he removed 
iiis famil\' to what was then considered the far 
West, and settled in the wild forests of the (^!ene- 

see Valley in the State of New York, whither but 
few pioneers had preceded him. lie experienced 
the hardships incident to life on the frontier, and 
through his energy became the possessor of a 
goodly amount of land. 

The Howard family traces its lineage to 
English ancestors. Col. Thomas Knowlton, uncle 
of the mother of our subject, was a distinguished 
officer in the War of the Revolution, and served 
with valor until his death at Harlem Heiglits. 
He was with Gen. Washington in tlie army, and 
received high commendation from Gen. AVashing- 
ton personally for liis bravery and valuable ser- 
vices rendered to our country. His death on the 
field of battle was widely lamented, and ter- 
minated a career of brilliant promise. 

In Windham County, Conn., the subject of this 
sketch was born June 1, 1814. When about one 
year old. he was taken by his parents to New York, 
and jiassed his youth amid the primeval scenes of 
the Genesee A'alley. His boyhood was passed in 
Monroe County, where he remained until he was 
sixteen, meanwhile attending the common schools 
and the home academy. In 1832, he entered 
Phillip's Academy at Andover, Mass., in prepara- 
tion for college. In 183.5, he became a student in 
Yale College, from which he was graduated iu 

Immediately after graduating, Mr. Corbyn ac- 
cepted a position as assistant teacher in l'hillij)"s 
Academy, and there he occupied tlie position of 
teacher for four years. He was then admitted to 
Holy Orders in the Episcopal Church, following 
which he spent a few months in Boston and some 
time in Hartford County, Conn. In 184G, he re- 
moved to St. Louis, Mo., and for eighteen months 
was Rector of St. Paul's Parish in tliat city, where 
his work was very successful. From 1849 until 
1871, lie was occupied as priest and school te.acher 
iu various [il.aces, chiefly at Palmyra, Mo. 

In 1871, INIr. Corbyn called to the rector- 
ship of the parish of the (iood Shepherd of (^uincy, 
and there he labored for eighteen 3ears, and is 
now entitled Hector Emeritus of the parish. 
In 1874, he was called to the principalshii) of the 
High School, which position lie still holds (1892), 
;ind his long term of service in this capacity 


I.*) I 

ahundnntly proves his popiilnritv with hi.« fellnw- 
citi/i-iis. iU'is:iinc»t ctlicifiit iiistriictiir. iiiid i> 
if<;!irfk'(l as aiilliorilx' uii l!iii;;iiiij;i-!<. upon which 
hf h.v do voted vi-ars of study and patient 


60i.. KDWAKi) I'lilNCi;, uf (,iuini-y, was 
. horn in Kast Itlooinlicld. Ontario Countv, 
N. Y.. DiTeinlit-r ». IH.Jl'. the yininjrcst of 
six i-iiildriMi Ixirn to David and Sopliia (l-;ilsworth) 
Prince, of Hidokiyn, Conn. Tin- father of David 
I'riiu'o \va.> Maj. Tiniotiiy I'muc. who was a near 
neijijilior of, and served fioni thesjinie eonnty with, 
(ien. Israel I'ulnani. in the Kevohitionary \Vai-. 
The mother of Kdward I'rinee was the dauiriiter of 
Daniel Klisworth. a relative of (iov. lillsworth and 
A member of the nnmcious family of Kllsworths 
who lijtriired in the history of the Kastern and 
Middle States as soldiers, governors and statesmen. 

Kdward I'rinee was reared on a farm, where he 
was early inured to hard work, lie attended school 
during the winter months until IS It;, and in the 
fall of that year entered the preparatory depart- 
ment of Illinois C'ollej^e. gradualiiii.' in the (.'lass 
of '52. His vacaticjns were spent on the farm, do- 
ing a man's work in the harvest Held; ami while 
in college, he lio;irdecl himself and sawed wood on 
.Saturd.ays in order to procure means with which 
to defray his e.vpeuses. .Vfter graduating. In- 
worked (»n the farm for three months, and in the 
fall of 1«.')2 hecame a law student in the ollicc of 
Williams iV Lawrence. During his collegiate career, 
when aliout sixteen years of age. he made with a 
hatchet, hand-vise and lile for tools.and a joint of 
stove-pipe and lead and iron for materials.a steam 
douli!e-cylin<ler liK-omoti ve, with reversing anil 
link motion. Tin." machine atlractci] much attention 
among the slinlents. until an exi>losiun one day 
put an end to the marvel. In college, he was f:iir 
in all his studies, hut seemeil to have an intuitive 
knowledge of natural science. 

Aft«r obtaining his license to practice law, .Mr. 


I'rinee was associated with .Vbrahani .lon:is, and 
was afterward a partner of Ccn. .1. W. Singleton, 
ami still later in partnership with lion, liernurd 
Ariitzen. In I «. ■),"»-.")(>, he traveled on horseback 
over most of the Southern .States and boushl lands 
for Daniel I'aullin and the lirm of (iilpin iV 
Rowland. The following is his military hisUjry, 
taken from |{. W.Surby'- book on the raid> of tin- 
Civil War. 

"When the .South rebelled. Col. I'rinee entered 
with /.eal Into till- service of his ciuintiy. Having 
a taste for military life, he studied the cavalry 
tactics and iK-caine .S4t familiar with the drill, that 
upon offering his services to (iov. Yates in the 
summer of IMCl. he was appointed Cavalry Drill 
.Master, with the rank of Lieu tenant-Colonel in 
the Seventh Illinois Cavalry. He has always shown 
great genius in devebjping the systems and intri- 
cate maneuvers of troops, and in inventing and 
improving many things which have been of irreat 
value in the held and at home. In illustration of 
this, two instances may be described. While in 
front of I'ort Hudson, his active mind conceived a 
plan by which the enemy's works coidd be 
brought under our ob.servation. He applied to 
(Jen. Banks for |)erniission to carry out his 
plan. It was granted, and he immediately com- 
menced building 'cavaliei>.' which are high 
mounds of earth, overlooking and commanding 
the enemy's parapet.-. Col. I'rinee set his troopers 
to transporting from the sugar the empty 
hogsheads, which could be found in ^reat ipianti- 
ties in that .-.ection of the country. he lilled 
with cotton and rolled at night to within a short dis- 
tance of the fort, and soon live hundred men were 
able to take a position in line behind this novel 
breastwork. The arc of the >emi-eircle was then 
thrown within lifty yartU of the rebel works, and 
by digging sullicieiit dirt, there w.-is thrown out 
from the inside enough to make a complete forti- 

"I'.y da,\ light, the hogsheads were mou'ilcd one 
upon another until they commanded the enemy '.s 
position and demonstrated the feasibility of the 
plans of Col. I'rinee. .\ f«'w d!iy> after, the place 
surrendered. ()n another occasion, during the 
early part of the siege of I'orl Hudson, Col. I'rinee 



ascertained from negroes a Ion «: Thompson's Creek 
that the rebels had two steamers nicely moored 
under their river batteries and but slightly 
guarded, on account of the supposed impossibility 
of getting at them. Col. Prince obtained permis- 
sion of fien. Banks (Grierson refusing permis.sion) 
to undertake the capture of tliese boats. He suc- 
ceeded where others failed, and moved them from 
under their batteries to the protection of the Stars 
and Stripes, showing great tact, energy and perse- 
verance. AVhile on the way to capture the boats, 
Col. Prince received orders from Gen. Grierson di- 
recting him to return and rest the men and horses, 
to which orders Col. Prince paid no attention. 
The names of the boats were 'Starlight' and 'Red 
Chief.' He was promoted Colonel of the Seventh 
Illinois Regiment in the fall of 1862. This regi- 
ment was organized at Camp Butler, near Spring- 
field, in August, 1861, and mustered into the 
United States service in October. Col. Prince was 
mustered out at the expiration of his term of ser- 
vice by order of Gen. Washburn, about the middle 
of October, 1864." 

In 1873, Col. Prince, at the earnest solicitation 
of many prominent citizens, made a contract with 
the city to build the Quincy Water Works and 
supply the city with water. The plan was a small 
beginning, with a small outlay and a gradual 
growth to meet the increasing demands of the city. 
He invested all the means he had, as well as all 
that he could borrow, and after the completion of 
the works, sold out to invest his means in more 
profitable enterprises in order to clear himself from 
debt and to cease being the target at which everj' 
designing and unscrupulous political aspirant 
might aim. His efforts, however, resulted in giv- 
ing to Quinc3" the best system of water works in 
the West and at the least cost to the city. The 
designs and plans for the machinery for the storage 
and distribution of water have been proved by 
trial to be of the best, and no accidents or failures 
have attended the enterprise. Tiie making, laying 
and securing eighteen hundred feet of inlet pipe ob- 
liquely across the current of the Mississippi River, 
and the sunken crib for the in-take at the up-river 
end, iiave excited the favorable comment of engi- 
neers throughout tl)c eountrv. 

Col. Prince has devoted his time of late years to 
engineering and has a splendid and valuable 
library, in many languages, upon that subject. He 
reads well and understands Greek. Latin and Dutch, 
and speaks P^nglish, French, German and Spanish. 
He is a close student and observer, is unpreten- 
tious, easy to approach, and as a neighbor, citizen, 
husband and father, is entirely without reproach. 
He is a man of diverse talents, vigorous intellect- 
uality, and has that thorough, practical knowledge 
of the every-day affairs of life, which has been of 
material benefit to himself and others. His dispo- 
sition is kindly, cordial, warm-hearted and sympa- 
thetic and has won him a wide circle of friends, to 
whom he is loyalty itself. Physically, he seems to 
be in perfect health, and probably weighs over two 
hundred and fiftv pounds. Although twice 
wounded in the army, he has never applied for 
any office or pension. In no sense of the word a 
politician, he is a warm admirer of (irover Cleve- 
land and denounces in the warmest terms a pro- 
tective tariff. 

The domestic life of Col. Prince has been an 
especially happy one. September 24, 1867, he 
married Miss Virginia M., daughter of James and 
Mar3" Arthur, of Quincy. They have had born to 
them three children, namely: Edward, who diedat 
the age of nineteen months; Edith, now a young 
hilly; and Marj-,who is twelve years old. 

^iTlAMES AVOODRUFF. It is a well-known 
fact that circumstances in. life may make or 
mar the prospects of a man to a certain ex- 
tent, but a determined spirit will bend even 
the course of circumstances to its will. The career 
of Mr. AVoodruff, who is a retired manufacturer 
and President of the (Quincy INIill Coiiipauy, is 
abundant pi'oof of this trite saying. 

He of whom we write was born in New Haven, 
Conn., February 26, 1821, and is a son of Henry 
Woodruff, who spent the greater part of his life 
in the Nutmeg State. His father was a proininent 



lawyer in the Kast.and l>y liis jjood judgmoni and 
excellent manasjenicnt of his affairs l)e<.-anic sue- 
cessful linaiK'ially. Samuel Wimdniff, the grand- 
father of our Mihje -t, was of I'.nglisli descent, as 
WHS also the nuitlier of our subject, who hore the 
maiden name of Kli/.ii M. Root, the daui;liter of 
,lool Root, of New Haven, Conn. 

.lames Wot)druff. of this sketch, |)a.ssed his boy- 
hood (lays in his native place, where he obtained 
a common-school ediication, and when fourteen 
veai-s of age went lo I'ittslicld. Mass., wiierc he 
learned tlie Irade of a carrinjje-maker. and was en- 
siaued in that business until reachinj; his majority. 
In Dctolier, 1H4"2. he came to Illinois, and look up 
his residence in (^uincy. with whose interots he 
has since been prominently identilied. .'ind as one 
of oiir best citizens is deservedly popular with all 
who know him. 

The fellow-citizens of our subject. ap|)reciating 
the fact that a man of his calibre and understand- 
in" would make a i;ood ollicial. have elected him 
to till ollices of honor and tru-t. and October .'til, 
1K()2, he was appointed by the .SecrcUiry of War 
to the i)osition of Assistant I' of 
the War Deiiartiiient, with Iiea(li|uart4?i's at (^uincy. 
Mav 7, 1HG3, he was named by President Lincoln 
for Provost-Marshal of the Fourth C'ont;ressional 
District, with the rank of t'aptain. The following 
year, however, he resigned anil engaged in the 
mannf.icture of ambulances, light artillery guns, 
knapsacks and haversacks, which he furnished to 
the I'nitcd Stales. 

In 1H()7, in company with Mr. Frederick |{o\d. 
our subject founded an inilustry in (^iiiiicy that 
has since grown to an extent almost unprecedented. 
This was the erection and the ei|uipineiit of the 
paper mills, and the introduction to the public of 
the first manufacture of paper made from the wild 
irrass of the inundated bottom lamls. Mr. Wood- 
ruff possesses a tlioiiglif fill, clear mind, an intellect 
well balanced, and executive talent of n liigli 
order. He has been largely instrumental in the 
upbuilding of the city, and in 1S7II-7I obtained 
for the (^iiiiicv, Mis.<t>uri \' Pacilic Railroail the 
entire right of way. subscriptions to the stock, and 
the new towns and stations «ites from the Missis- 
sippi River to Kirksville. M<i. lie is also a large 

.stockholder in the First National Hank, and has 
large real-estate interests in the city. Heis unusu- 
ally keen-wilted. and is able at a glance to place 
the c<u'rect valuation upon men and things, and is 
thus consulted upon many affairs of importance, 
l>oth of a public and private nature. 

The lady to whom our subject married was 
Mi>s Mary Diilzell.a ilaiighter of .lolin Dalzcll, of 
Philadelphia, Pa. Mr. and Mrs. Woodruff have 
four sons: .lolin, engaged in railroad business in 
Denver. Colo.; ,Ioel, of f^uincy. manufacturer of 
foundry facings and supplies; William, also of 
<iiiincv, Ixtok-keeper for the Tayler .Milling Com- 
])any; and Charles, a resident of Chicago, engaged 
III the real-estate business. Mr. and .Mrs. Woodruff 
have a beautiful home located at No. !Mi;i Hroad- 
way, where they aresnrroiinded with the liixuriesof 
life, and class among their warm persimal friends 
the best residents of the city. Our subject is now- 
retired from active business, allliongh he ever 
manifests great interest in everything calculated 
to advance the interests of (^uincy. In politics, he 
i> a Republican. 

=— r®^g 


'f^^ICIIARD IIAU.NKSS is engaged in general 
L^ farming and stock-raising on section 2. Liiii:i 
ci \ Township. He was born in this township. 
FelMiiarv 'JX, IHtl.and is the youngest of 
eleven children, whose parents were .losejih an<l 
Nancy (Worley) Harness. The paternal grand- 
father. Leonard Harness, was a native of N'irginia. 
and died in St. Clair Coiinly. III. The maternal 
grandpan'iits were Richard and Nancy Worley. The 
father of our siiliject was born in St. Clair County, 
III., in I7!t.'l, and the mother w.'is born .\pril 7, 
17'.Mi. They were marrie<I M.ay tl. IKIC. and li\pd 
together as niM 11 ."iiid wife for seventy years. In 
1H27. thev eniigraled to .\damsConntv, locating in 
Lima Township, being numbered among its earliest 
settler>. Mr. Harness secured land from Iheliov- 
eriinnnt on sections I and 2, and built a log cabin, 



into which the family moved, living in true pio- 
neer style. Indians were still numerons in the 
neighborhood and he was acquainted with ninny 
of their chiefs. 

Mr. Harness was a famous liunterand was famil- 
iar -with the woods. He hunted deer, wolves, etc., 
and his table was supplied with fresh venison. He 
was thrown upon liis own resources when onl_\' 
thirteen years of age, his possessions consisting of 
only a two-year-old colt and a gun. After he lo- 
cated in Adams County, lie would walk many 
miles in order to secure farm work. He also sold 
i\eet hides, and in this way earned considerable 
money. He was ever an industrious and hard- 
working man and cleared about eight hundred 
acres of land. He had no educational advantages, 
but from experiences gained knowledge and was a 
man of splendid general information. By good 
management and perseverance, he also acquired 
wealth. In the early days, he had participated in 
an Indian war and in the trouble with the Mor- 
mons of Nauvoo. His life was well and worthily 
spent and he is numbered among the county's 
honored pioneers. He died November 2.5, 1881, 
at the advanced age of eighty-eight 3'cars. His 
wife passed awa^- .September 30, 1886. She was a 
member of the Protestant Methodist Cliurch and 
was an estimable lad}'. 

We now take up the personal history of our 
subject, who was reared amid the wild scenes of 
frontier life. He acquired his early education in 
a jirimitive log schoolhouse, and his entire life has 
been devoted to agricultural pursuits. He was 
born and reared on tlie farm which is still his 
home and lived with his parents, tenderly caring 
for them until tliey were called to tlie home be- 

On the 21th of December, 1863, Mr. Harness 
was united in marriage with Miss Annie Crenshaw, 
a native of Hancock County, 111., and a daughter 
of Boschel Crenshaw. Her fatiier was born in 
Tennessee, October 18, 1812, and was married De- 
cember IT), 18'57, to Catherine Perry, wlio was born 
in Ohio, Marcli .30, 1821. Her death occurred 
FcbruaiN- 11, bssf), and Mr. Crenshaw departed 
this life April 17, 1889, in his sevent^'-seventh 
year, He went to Hfincock County, HI., in 1827, 

and there I'esided until his death. For sixty-three 
years he was one of its valued citizens and hon- 
ored pioneers. He was honest and upright in all 
things., and had the respect of the entire commu- 
nity. WjfU khe Methodist Church he held member- 

Unto Mr. and Mrs. Harness have been born 
seven children, as follows: George 31., who is mar- 
ried and resides on the old homestead; Charles, 
Callie G., .l.asper and Kffle, at home; and two who 
died in infancy. The parents are both members 
of the Methodist Protestant Church, in which he 
holds the office of Steward, and in polities he is a 
Democrat. Their home is a commodious and 
pleasant residence which was erected in 1891, and 
is situated on their fine farm of four hundred 
acres of arable land. In connection with general 
farming, Mr. Harness engages to a considerable ex- 
tent in the raising of .all kinds of stock. He has 
been very successful, is a man of energy, good 
judgment and excellent business abilit\-, and has 
thereby liecome a prosperous farmer. 



AUL EDWARDS is one of the oldest and 
most successful fruit growers near (^uiiicy. 
He resides on section 24, Riverside Town- 
shq). where he has a highly improved farm, 
on which he raises fruits and cereals for the city 
market. He was born in Hamilton County, Ohit>, 
about four miles from Cincinnati, Fcl)ruary 12, 
1820. His father, .loli Edwards, was born in Xew 
Jersey in 1781, and emigrated to Cincinnati, 
Ohio, when there was only one store in that place. 
He traveled all the way on foot with a knapsack 
on his back, lie worked f(jr (Jen. William Henry 
Harrison in South Bend, and for some years 
followed farming and gardening near Cincinnati. 
He afterward came to Illinois and lived with our 
subject until his death in his eighty-sixth year. 
He was twice married. He wedded Pattie Clark, 
who died when Paul was quite young, and for his 
.secon<l wife chose Harriet Piatt. 



Oiii' siilijcot niiil » li!ilf-si>tei' aic tlif iiiil\ siir- 
vivinjr iiii'miIh-i's nf ;i hwisc fainilv. Hi;* «'(lucfiti<in 
w:ts nciiuiiiMl ill I he priiuilive sc-IkioIs, niid lu> 
!is>ist<'(l Ins f:itlu>r ill iraitlfiiiiiu; .iii<l iiiaikctiiii; 
iiiilil scvciitccii yoars of aiio. In the fall of IH.'iT. 
lie wfiit lo(^uiiic\- ami worked most of tin- tiiiic 
aloiiLT till- liver lioalinj; and elio|)|iiii<r wood, lie 
lioiiijlit the t iiiilier wliieli lie eiit and sold to the 
millers and oilier parties in i^iiiney. After several 
vears spent in that line of linsiness. rlnnii;,' which 
time he made seven trips to St. l.ouis on raftc-, on 
the Kith of .liiiie. IH.'ii'), he purclia.<!ed sixty acres 
of land on sections 1:5 and 21. Kllinjrton 'I'ownship, 
now |{ivei>ide Township, lie then turned his 
.-ittention to the raising of jrarden vegetables and 
frnit.s for the eity market. His farm is well im- 
proved .•iiid is as tine as can he found in the county. 
It is pleasantly located, just two miles north of 

(hi the -.'."^th of May, l«lf<, Mr. Kdwards wedded 
Mary l-^. I'laft, of Ohio; and unto them were born 
seven children, live of whom are yet living: 
William A.. Rachel K.. .Mary L., Nina lielle and 
Carrie 1*. I.ora A. ami Flora E. are both decea.sed. 

Mr. 1-Mw:irds is a siipiMirter of the Kepniilican 
party, and has been elected to several public 
|K>sitions of honor and trust. He has now served 
a.s School Director for several years. His farm is 
well supplied with all kinds of small fruits and 
he finds a ready syile for his products. He is one 
of the leading fruit growers near (^uincy .'ind has 
Ixjen very successful. A well-informed and in- 
fluential mail, he i« numbered among' the valued 
citizens of the community. 

: r 4 3i 




().\. ISAAC I.KSK.M. wholesale dealer in 
dry goods, ami inaiuif.acturer of shirts, pants 
'' and overalls, is one of the representative 
citizens of tinincy, in wlnise success his 
fellow-townsmen take just pride. Through the 
exercise of good judgment in his business trans- 
actions, as well as that unremitting energy and 

tireless activity which have ever been prominent 
characteristics of his iialnre. lie has arisen from a 
humble position in life to what he is to-day — the 
linancial giiiile of one of the largest wholesale 
dry-goods houses anil factories in the West. 

Itoin in IJavaria. liermany, October I, IS."{2. to 
.Alexander and .Matilda (Deiilsch) I.esem, our sub- 
ject |)assed his iioyhood years in the pl.aee of his 
birlh. receiving a good education in the eomnion 
.schools there, and afterwaid entering the (•erinan 
College, where he continued until he was .seven- 
teen years old. While in .school, he applied him- 
self diligently to the acipiireiiu'nt of knowledge, 
and succeeded in la3ing the foundation of that 
broad and extensive learning which afterward 
' aided him in his linancial transactions. 

Ipon leaving college, Mr. Lcsem immediately 
took [i.issage on a ship for the United .Slntcs, and 
when the vessel anchoreil at New Orleans, after an 
uneventful voyage, he proceeded thence by boat to 
1 St. Louis, Mo. In that city he accepted a clerk- 
ship, and, while thus engaged, learned the dry- 
I goods business thoroughly. In 1><.<(), he came to 
j <iuincy, then a thriving little city, and here he 
engaged in mercantile ])ursuits, at first on a small 
scale. In IKlM, he embarked in the wholesale dry- 
I goods business, and rapidly .advanced, moving 
every little while into larger storerooms in order 
, to accommodate his constantly increasing business. 
i He now occupies an immense doulile building, 
nearly two hundred feet square, and six stories in 
height, tilled from biiseiiieiil to roof with his im- 
mense stock. 

Hoth in (^uincy and Ihioughout the State, Mr. 
Leseni has always taken a prominent part in pub- 
lic affairs. In lfi73, he was appointed by (iov. 
licveridge Trustee of the Illinois Deaf and Dumb 
Asylum, and served in that res|)onsiblc position 
for four years. In 1877, he was appointed a nieni- 
lier of the State Hoard of Kducation. and held the 
position for ten years, until the demands of his 
large business forced him to resign. Numbered 
i among the leadei-s of the Uepiililican party in his 
. locality, he is devoted to the intere-lsof his party. 
I and served as Republican Presidential Kleclor-al- 
I large in IHXI. Besides all the posts of honor and 
I trust, he \\n- li'ld \?uloiis bn-.-il ollici's, and n»sisled 



materiall}' in the loeatiun of the Soldiers' Home 
in Quincy. In his religious connections, lie is 
identifierl with the Hebrew Church, and for more 
tlian twcnly years lias ofHeiated as President of 
the society here. Ho was for six years President 
of the Kicker National ]?ank, one of the solid 
financial institutions of the city, hut owing to 
press of otlier business lie resigned. 

In 1890, Mr. Leseni erected an elegant residence 
on Main Street, in one of the most desirable resi- 
dence portions of the city, containing all tiie mod- 
ern improvements, and furnished in keeping with 
tiie exterior, flis marriage, August 14, 1855, 
united him willi Katie Altschul, of St. Louis, and 
live cliildren were born to them, namely: Rebecca, 
wife of Joseph Kaufman, of Qiiiney; Jennie, who 
married Ilarr)- Nelke; Emma, Lena and Alexan- 
der, who are unmarried. JMrs. Katie Lescm died 
Janu.ary 17. 1890, and January 2.j, 1891, Mr. 
Lesem married Mrs. Pollen Altman, of Baltimore, 
Md. The firm of which Mr. Lesem is the head is 
composed of Isaac Lesem, Isaac II. Lesem, Harry 
Nelke and Joseph Kaufman. In reviewing tlie 
life of Mr. Lesem, it may be said of him that he 
is one of the most valued citizens of (^uincy — a 
friend to youth, and a model after whom all may 
pattern with pleasure and profit. He is, in brief, 
a humane, benevolent and successful man. 

'^fOIIN WOOD BARLOAV, Foreman of the 
Barlow Corn Planter Company, of Quincy. 
111., is a native of St. Louis, Mo., where he 
first saw the light of day on the 10th of 
February', 1859. He is the eldest son of Joseph 
C. and Evaline (Streetor) Barlow, the former of 
whom was the founder of the Barlow Corn Planter 
Works. He was born in Genesee County, N. Y.,, 
August 31, 1836, and possessed that enterprise, 
push and keen business foresight for which the 
people of the Empire State have long been famous. 
He was a son of Rev. Jonathan K. and Honor 

(Douglas) Barlow, the latter of whom was born in 
the Green ^Mountain State and was a daughter of 
Benjamin Douglas, a relative of Hon. Stephen A. 
Douglas. In 1849, she moved with her husliand 
to Quincy, III., and here eventually died of cholera. 
The Barlow family have always been useful citizens 
of the sections in which they iiave resided and 
were important factors in improving and develoji- 
ing Western Illinois. 

John Wood Bailow (lassed his youth and school 
days in (Quincy, where he accpiired a good common 
education, which he suiipleniented )iy a course of 
study in the (Jem City Commercial College. Upon 
the completion of his ec) iicatioii he entered the Corn 
Planter Works, which liad been securely established 
by his father, and began serving iiis a[)preiiticesliip 
in the machine slioii department, where lie engaged 
in the manufacture of all kinds of machinery, and 
gained a most practical insight into all tlie details 
of the business. After lemaining in this depart- 
ment for several years, he was promoted to the 
position of foreman in llie machine shops, which 
he continued to hold up to 18«8, when he became 
general foreman of the works and assistant sui)er- 
inlendent of the shops. The invention and manu- 
facture of machines and labor-saving ap|)liances 
have contributed in a marvelous degree to the de- 
velopment of this country, and the shops of which 
Mr. Barlow is foreman are among the most notable 
of the kind in the Stale of Illinois, if not in the 
United States. 

The Imsiness is growing steadily year by year, 
and their goods are standard and are recognized 
as unsurpassed in materials and workmanship, and 
the great popularity and high reputation of the 
house is due not only to the acknowledged supe- 
riority of the goods, liut also to the systematic cor- 
rectness of its methods, and the spirit of fairness 
by which all its transactions arc characterized. The 
gentlemen connected with the management of this 
institution are all men of marked administrative 
ability, endowed with the necessary (pialifications 
for the judicious management of this great enter- 
l)rise. The trade which is supplied by this house 
embraces the different States and Territories of the 
United States, Mexico, Australia and. in fact, 
almost every place where corn is raised. On their 



lorii |iliiMli'istliev liaveoiu' of llii' liost check-rowers 
in iiM", whk-li was invt-ntnl l>y tlu' Barlows, liitlir 
(lifferi'iit (li-pailmi'iit-s of tlii-ir works, tliev I'inplov 
one liiindreil niid twenty-nvo men. wlio are liijriilv 
skilled in tlieir different Itranches, and slioiilii their 
husiness increase as rapidly in liie future av it has 
done in the past, a much larger force will be nc- ^ 
cessary. Separate from their shops they have a 
large four-story warehouse, in which to tinish and 
store their machinery. 

In 1 XH2 .Mr. Harlow was married to Miss May 
Gravelle. of C^uiiicv.a dausfhter of Joseph (iravellc. 
and they have a \er\ pretty and comforlalile home. 
No. yoo North .Sixth Street. .Mr. IJarlow is ol quite 
an inventive turn of mind and in addition to his 
check-rowers, he ha." invented the <^uincy Force 
Drop Corn I'lantcr. 


l",Ni;^ ( K.\l<i. will) resif'.es in ( laylun. 
was born in Scott County. Ind.. in 1«1M. 
and is n son of .lohn and L\ilu (Crainpton) 
( raig. The paternal ijrandfather was Imrn 
in Ireland, and the father of our subject was a 
native of Kentucky. The latter served in the 
AVar of 1812. being stationed at .Jefferson Harr.icks. 
.St. Louis, most of the time, and held the rank of 
First Lieutenant. l{eniovin<r to Didiana, he be- 
came one of the |)rominent settlers of Scott 
County, and helped to lay out the U)\\i\ of Vi- 
enna, where he cniraLrcd in keeping hotel for some 

In the Craig family were the following children: 
Rachel, who was born in Kentucky, married 
Charles Cox and died in \H7i). leaving eight chil- 
dren. Klizahcth Ann liecame the wife of .Mr. Wat- 
kins, by wlKjni she had live children. and died in 
18t>7. Melinda became the wife of .Mr. Hughes, a 
farmer of Illinois, and died in 1879, leaving four 
children. I'riscilla is also Mi-s. Hughes. and with 
her three children resides in Missouri. .lohn mar- 
ried .\gnes Palmer and died in Adams County, 
111., in 188;<,leavinLr eight children. William mar- 

ried Mrs. .fane Shellield. and was a farmer of Lib- 
erty Township. His death occurred in December. 
IKUO. and he left three children. 

The subject of this ski'tch was educated in the 
subscription h-IiooIs of Indiana. In an early day, 
his parents started with their fainil\- to ,\danis 
Countv. 111., by boat. The vessel sank with all 
their goods on Injard, but father, mother and chil- 
dren escaped. They reached their destination with 
only >.'iO in money. The father secured a farm, 
and followed agricultural pursuits throughout the 
remainder of his life. Our subject wa.*" reared in 
the usual manner of farnu'r lads, and followed ag- 
ricultural pursuits in Liberty Township for some 
time. He purchased one hundred and sixty acres of 
land, for which he paid *2(Mi, which is now worth 
ftjO per acre. He made it his home until thirty- 
two years of age, when he removed to Kingston 
and engageil in stock-dealing, buying and selling 
horses and cattle. In IHj.'i, he removed to Hrown 
County, 111., and purchased a tract of one hun- 
dred and ten acres of land, lie placed under 
a high state of cultivation, making many improve- 
ments upon it. He bought it for |i8li() and sold it 
for |;.'),(l(l(i. t)n disposing of that pro]>erty. he re- 
turned to Liberty Township, and again engaged in 
speculation. He has acquired a comfortable com- 
petency by his judicious investmenl. enterprise 
and perseverance. He is now living retired, and 
is one of the honored citizens of Clayton. 

In the year 18.'i7, Mr. Craig married \ irginia 
I'aliner, who wjis born in 1m2ii. Of their children, 
seven are now deceased, .lohn W.. born in Adams 
County. .lanuary I. 18:iii. died in 18.')2: Kob- 
ert A., born October 14, l«4(l, died .March 20. 
lKfi2; Margaret K.. born March 4, 1K42, is the 
wife of (ieorge Ausmus, a liveryman of Clayton, by 
whom she has two children: Kmily S., who was 
born November 17, 1843. and resides in Clayton, 
became the wife of La Fayette .\usiiius. who died 
in 18'.t(i, leaving two children; .Martha ■!.. born 
Septeml)er 18. 184i'»; Oscar F., February 27. 1847; 
Lucinda, .Vugust 111. |8I'.», and Susanna. Novem- 
ber 20. 18.jl.are all dccea.sed; Charles IL. born 
December 23. 18.')4, was employed in the Clayton 
Sayings Hank. and died in 1870. Hegraduated from 
.Miinirdon College, and bore off the honors of 



class valedictorian. He was held in universal 
esteem. He married Laura Cockins, who died 
shortly after his death. Warren T.,horn April 21, 
I860, is married, and follows farming in this 
count.v. He owns a well-imi)roved farm of two 
hundred acres, and his home is a modern two- 
story dwelling. He raises fancy stock, having 
some fine thoroughbred horses. The children 
were all lihernlly educated, twf) having attended 

Mr. Craig is not a member of any religions or- 
ganization, but his wife belongs to the Dnnkard 
Church. He is a charter member of the Masonic 
Lodge of Kingston, and has taken the Royal Arch 
Degree. In politics, he is a stalwart Democrat, 
and was Supervisor of Liberty Township for 
many years. In 18C7,he was elected Sheriff of the 
county by a large majority and served for two 
3ears. Subsequently, he was elected Supervisor 
of Clayton Township. The fact that he has been 
repeatedly elected in a Republican Township in- 
dicates his personal popularity and the confidence 
in which he is lield by his fellow-townsmen. He 
is now living retired, enjoying a well-earned rest. 

EDWARD SOMM. No element has been 
more potent in the rise and progress of the 
immense business interests of (Juincy than 
its native-born citizens, and as a representative of 
such, this gentleman occupies an honorable posi- 
tion in financial and social circles. In banking 
circles, he is especially prominent, and is Presi- 
dent of the Ricker National Bank, one of the solid 
financial institutions of the citj-. His character is un- 
impeachable, and the interest which he takes in all 
public enterprises stamps him as a man of excel- 
lent judgment and great intelligence. 

In addition to his banking interests, Mr. Sohni 
is connected with the firm of Sohm, Ricker A- 
Weisenhorn, being the senior member. They have 
an immense and beautifully-arranged china, glass 
and queensware establishment, and organized their 

present business May 1, 1884. The history of this 
enterprise is the history of a number of other busi- 
ness enterprises which have had their inception in 
(^uincj' since 1.SS(I. The amount of business trans- 
acted by the firm during the second year of its 
existence was 33=^ per cent, in excess of that done 
the first year. A similar increase was attained in 
1886 and 1887, while during the following year 
the firm did the largest queensware business ever 
done in the city of (^uincy by a single firm in the 
same length of time. 

The store building then occupied by the firm 
consisted of four floors, and was one hiindi'ed and 
twenty feet deep, with twenty-six feet frontage. 
Their increasing trade soon became too extensive 
for that building, and in addition to it they now 
occupj- two large warehouses. The retail depart- 
ment contains the most extensive and attractive 
(pieensware display in the city. The aim of the 
firm is to cover all the available territory tributary 
to Quincy, and their Itusiness methods are such 
that when trade is once secured it is held without 

The parents of our subject, P. and Rosa Sohm, 
were natives of CJerman v, and emigrated to Amer- 
ica when young. They were married in Quincy, 
where the father followed the occupation of a 
cooper, and afterward engaged in mercantile pur- 
suits. His death occurred there in 1885. The 
mother is still living, and occupies the old home- 
stead in (Quincy. Edward, the eldest son in the 
famil}% was born in this cit}' October 2, 184.5, 
and passed his boyhood days here, attending the 
common schools and gaining a good education. 
He was quite young wlien he entered a store in the 
capacit}' of clerk, and continued there until he 
reached his eighteenth year. EoUowing that, he 
was a teacher in the St. Boniface School, wliere he 
remained one year. 

The next position secured l\v Mr. Sohm was in 
the employ of II. Ridder & Co., with whom he re- 
mained for three years as an employe, and was 
then admitted to the firm, the title being Henry 
Ridder iV- Co. In 1884, he sold out his interest in 
the business, the success of which had been gained 
largely through his exertions, and then organized 
a new firm, that of Sohm, Ricker it Weisenhorn, 



HOW liH-nteil nl No. .Mt! .Main Stivt-t. mention 4if 
wliirli li;iN already bcfii made. In Hdilition to 
oilier inlere.*(s. lie is a Director in nnd \iee-|>re*i- 
denl of llie lierin:in ln>uraiue ('oni|mn.v of 
C^iiin<> and a sloeklioiiler in tlic Kreibiirj; Hoot and 
Shoe Factory, liesides servini? a.H Trt-nsnrer anil 
Director of the I leriiiania rrinlini: A- I'nlili^liinir 

'I'lie inarriaire of Mr. Snlmi look \>\:u-r ,\iimi>i 
l'.\. IXtiT. and nnited liini with Miss HarlKira. 
daiifiliter of Simon llelmer, a well-known cili/en 
of t^uincy. Into Mr. and Mrs. .Solim have Iteen 
born seven children, of whom two are deceased; 
those livins; are Katie, William 11., Theres.'i. Kd- 
ward and .Mliert. The religious home of the fam- 
ily is in St. lionifaee Catholic Church, in which 
.Mr. Sohm is verv active, servin<; as Secretary and 
Trustee, and contrilnilinjj hherally to reli|j;ious 
causes. The home of the family is at No. S27 
t)ak .Street, a handsome luick structure, the inte- 
rior of which is furnished with an elejraiit and 
quiet taste, rellectinfj the relinement and culture 
of the inmates. 

'l' Zjr r ==: i- / 


„l ?y KV. FATIIi:i{ MICII.VKI.WF.IS. pastor of St. 
llonifacc Critliolic Church in (^uincw isone 
of those projjressive fjentlemen who do not 
lielieve that a iontr face and sanctimonious 
airs are necessary to a truly religious life, for he him- 
self is one of the most genial of men, and is loved 
l>y all with whom he comes in contact. lie was 
horn in IJavaria, (iermany, in the town of Muers- 
liaeh. .lune K, 1838, and is the eldest son of 
Michael and I'rsula ( Neslrnaun ) Wcis. I'ntil the 
age of thirteen \ ears, his lioyhood W!is spent in his 
native town, hut at that time he was brought to 
America, landing at New Yiu'k City with his |)ar- 
ents and brothers and sisters, numbering eight in 

For the fiist live years of his resideiK-e in .\mer- 
iea, our subject wm« employed as a farm hand in 

one locality, but he later coiitiniieil the .same 
henlthful and honorable employment near Teu- 
topolis, Ktlingham County, I II.. at the -ame time 
pui>niiig his studies with diligence and persever- 
ance. After teaching one year in tiie public 
scIkhiIs of Teuto|Hilis, and engaging for two years 
as an instructor in the parochial schools of Kd- 
wardsvillc, Madison Counly, 111., he entered St. 
.loscph College at Teutopolis, where he pursued 
his stuilies for three years. Later, he entcreil the 
(ii.'ind Seminary at .Miuitreal, Canada, the largest 
institution of it* kind in America, and upon lieing 
graduated, was ordained a priest at .\lton, III. 
His liist parish was at N'andalia, this State, where 
he remained one year and seven months. His 
next charge was at Marine. Ma<lis<iii County, 111., 
where he ably lilled the pulpit in St. Klizabclh's 
Church. -Vfler a short time thus s|)cnt. he re- 
moved to Kllingham. this State, and during the 
live yea|-s in which he there remained, he was suc- 
cessful, with the hearty co-oi)eiation and earnest 
efforts of his parishionei-s, in erecting a commo- 
dious church in which to hold .services. 

Ill 1877, after the completion of the church edi- 
fice, Father Weis was obliged, on account of fail- 
ing health, to cea,se for a time his arduous lalxjrs 
on behalf of his people, and journeyed We-stwaid 
to California, where he remained for some time, 
after which he spent three months in Minnesota. 
His health had l>een so greatly lK?nelited, that he 
returned to .Vlton and accepted theollice of Chan- 
cellor of the diiK-ese of .\lt<ui, which position he 
held until the 1st of .lanuary, 188(1, when, by his 
own re(|uest, he was sent to Saline. Madison 
County. III., thence t<> Litchfield, where he re- 
mained eighteen months. Following this, he was 
located for some time at Springfield, where he had 
charge of the Church of Sts. Peter and Paul, and 
in that city he resided and conducted his priestly 
labors with succe.s.- for a period of live years. 

Since IHH~. Father Weis has been a resident of 
(^uiiicy, and has Ix-en pastor of St. Boniface Cath- 
olic ( hurch, his congregation numbering six hun- 
dred families. .\s a pastor, he gets very near his 
people, and lia.>j ever sought toilevehip the highest 
type of social life of the church. He has made 
himself the personal friend of .■nili memlier of his 



congregation, s\'nipatliizing with them in trouble, 
anrl joyful with them in gladness. He is of keen 
perception, clear and logical in his reasoning facul- 
ties, and his discourse is powerful and convincing- 
During liis pastorate he has not allowed the work 
of the church to he at a standstill, either spiritually 
or practically, and has always been an active and 
earnest worker for the cause of the Master. 

p »i .i »j i ^h i" * ■ 

? I ' I ! • 

/EERT BUSIS is numbered among the prom- 
r^ii inent business men of Golden, having been 
'W^ connected with its mercantile interests for 
a number of years. He has tlie honor of being a 
native of this county, his birth having occurred 
in Clayton Township. He is a son of John and 
Ikke Buss, of German descent. The family con- 
sisted of the following children: G. J., born 
in Germany, is mai-ried and has two children; 
Henry, born in Germany, is married and resides in 
Nebraska; John is married and resides in Clayton 
Township; E. J. resides in Clayton Township with 
his wife and three children. 

We now take up tlie personal history of our sub- 
ject, who spent his boyhood days upon his father's 
farm and was educated in the common schools of 
the neighborhood. He entered upon his business 
career at the age of nineteen, becoming a clerk 
in the general merchandise store of John Poppe, 
where he remained two j'ears. He was then em- 
ployed by Albers & Ihnen, with whom he re- 
mained two years, and, in the fall of 1879, he 
began business for himself. He started with a 
small stock, but from the beginning his trade has 
constantly increased, and he now carries a stock 
valued at $6,000. He is doing a good business, 
and well deserves tlie liljeral patronage accorded 
him. He lias also opened a broom factory, which 
is one of the leading industries of Golden, and in 
addition to this line of business- is engaged in 
dealing in real estate. 

Mr. Buss has been prominently connected with 
the upbuilding of the city, aiding in every im- 

provement calculated to prove of public benefit. 
He has erected two residences and six brick busi- 
ness buildings, which he rents, and has other valua- 
ble property in Golden. 

In 18711. Mr. Buss married Miss Katie Emminga, 
and unto tliem were born two children: John and 
Margaret. The mother departed this life in 1886, 
and Mr. Buss was again married, his second union 
being with Bertha, daughter of Frederick and 
Lena Tensman. Thej' have three children: Law- 
rence, Heur}', and Frederick. Mrs. Buss is held in 
high esteem for her man\' excellencies of char- 

Our subject has been connected with the Evan- 
gelical Lutheian Church for thirtj'-two years, has 
held many of its offices, and is one of its most prom- 
inent and consistent members. His wife is also in 
the faith of that church. In politics, he is a stal- 
wart Democrat. He attiliated with the Republican 
part3' until 1884, when, on account of his views on 
the tariff question, he joined the ranks of the Dem- 

In 1890, he was elected Tax Collector by a large 
majority, although the township is usually Repub- 
lican. He has never aspired to offlce, however, pre- 
ferring to devote his entire time and attention to 
his business interests, in which he has met with sig- 
nal success. He is a wide-awake and enterprising 
business man, sagacious and far-sighted, honorable 
and upright in all his dealings, and Golden may be 
proud to number him among its citizens. 



(l( _ lies in this county have a higher standing 
^^^' for character, ability and enterprise than 
the one represented by the name at the head of 
this paragraph, and in its various members it is 
eminently worthy of the respect which is univer- 
sally conceded it. He of whom we write, who is 
the most efficient City Treasurer and ex-officio 
Collector of Quincy, is one of the most prominent 
and well-known men of this county. He no doubt 
inherits much of his thrift and induslrv from his 

I'ORlIiAir AM) I!I(»(.I!A1'IUCAI. i;i".(( IRI). 

1 1;:, 

Gerinaii !inc("-ti\. Ii«i lii- IjiIIkt, lii-riKirii N-liwiii- 
flelcr. w!i.- Imiii ill IhiiKivcr, Goi'iiiriiiv. .-iiid caiiu' 
to AiiU'i'icii wlicii ;i voilllg IDHII. Like .-ill oT h]s 
nnti<>iialit,\ . lie \n\t\ leariu'fl a Iraiif iluring ytuitli. 
tlml of a i'ar|ifi>ti'r, and. afti-r liK'atiii^ in IaiuIs- 
viile, K\.. Iio fi)li«>\ved il for n short lime. In tin' 
spriMji; of Irt.'U'i. lu' ciiiiie to (^uinov, and was cn- 
inajrt'd ill tlio lii|Uor hiisin(>s.s in tliis city for a nnni- 
Ikt of years. IK- was liu-ii I'li-cted City Marslial. 
and was lioidiiii; tiiat position at the tinu- of his 
death, in 187K. In politics. In- was a stroiii; advo- 
cate of the (irinciples of tiic Deniocr.itic party, 
and in relisjion he was a inenilier of the Catholic 
(hiiicli. His wife, whose m.-iiden name was (ler- 
triide Wellniaii, was also anativeof Hanover. ( ;ei- 
inaiiy. J ler death occurred in IHliP. 

Of the live cliildien liorn to this estiinalile 
couple, four are now living- Charles F. Scliwin- 
deler. the eldest of these children, was horn in 
Louisville. Ky.. on the 7lli of Sepleinher, IH.'il. 
Itut his earliest recollections are of t^uiiicy. 111., for 
he moved there with his father when ipiitc yonn<f. 
He was reared in a loi: house, and his scholastic 
training was received in tlie coininon schools. 
From an early age he wa.spiilto work, aiul wlieii 
thirteen, he hesraii to learn the painter's trade un- 
der his uncle. Fred Wellman. After liiiisliing, he 
started out for himself as a painter and decorator, 
and, lieiiii; a lirst-clnss workman, he was successful 
from the lieginiiing. He w!is married in this city, 
in 18.'>.i. to Miss Mary Faerlier. a native of (Ger- 
many, who was his companion and lielpmatu un- 
til Octfiber 18. IBSU, when her death occurred. 
Mr. Schwindeler has a comfortahle and attractive 
home at the corner of Twelfth and Kim Streets. 
In the year 1883, he was elected City Treasurer 
and ex-olHcio Collector on the Democratic ticket, 
.•iiid served four year5. He was then out for years. 
Iiut in the spring of 18;i| he was elected again, 
and re-elected in I8ii'2. He is uerving his sixth 
term at the present time. 'I'lie otiicial work of this 
gentleman has extended over maiiy yefti-s, and has 
hriiught him prominently liefore the ga/e of the 
piililic. In him his constituents have found a man 
of aliility and integrity, and one wliase activities 
have ever heeii em))Ioyed for the good of the com- 

Mr. Schwindeler > marriage loiillecl in llu- liirlli 
of eleven children. seven of whom arc living: Fred, 
in Chicago; Iternard.a painter of </uiiiev; Frances, 
at home: Charles. at home; Chicago; Frank, 
at home, and l.i/./.ie. at home. In politics, our suli- 
jecl follows in the fooLsteps of his father and is an 
ar<h'iit Democrat. He has lieen a inemher of the 
county Democratic convention, and has lieeii a 
delegate to county ami Stale conventions. He is 
tine of the oldest settlers in this sectifin. having re- 
sided here since 18;i(I. and is chussed among the 
most p.steeined and wmihy citizens. When he first 
settled in t^uincy, there were liut a few Imildings; 
wild animals were plentiful, and as he was coiisid- 
eralile of a liiinter. he enjoycfi iiiiicli -port. 

v«> y».VSIIIN(/r(»N CDUItlN. Among themany 
*/"w P'"^'"i'"ent, enterprising an<l succes>ful cit- 
V^y izens of (^uincy, III., whose biography it is 
a pleasure to give among the honored ones of this 
locality, is the worthy gentleman whose name 
heads this sketch, hut who is more familiarly known 
as " Wash" Corhiii. He is well known all over 
the county, and his genial, social, and most agree- 
able manners have won him many warm friends. 
He is also one of the old «eltlei-sof the county, hav- 
ing l<K-ated here in 18.32. and is pro|iriet<»r of tlie Ba- 
shaw breeding Stables, No. 121 South Fourth .Street, 
Quincy. 111. The stallions in use are "Corbiii 
Hasliaw.'" 17<>2; "(Jeorge Miller." 2.'U."J: '•Young 
Ambov"and" Black Wilkes." The tirst-named has 
a record of 2:2(i-|, and is a rich golileii chestnut, 
foaled on the HUh of May. 187."), sixteen and 
oiie-ipiailer hands high, weighs twelve hundred 
pounds, and is a large, powerful horse. His 
gait is almost perfection, needing none of the 
devices used to contrtil the action. His record of 
2:2tiJ is no measure of his sjieed. as he has often 
trotti'd much f.aster. and has >liown his ability to 
beat 2:20 by several .seconds. This lioi-sc has proven 
himself a race-horse, a sire, and an individual. 
The old proverb, •■ Where there is smoke there is 



fire "' is i«irticulaily true in liin ease, for lie was 
sired by " Amboy," wiio iiad a record of 2:26. and 
his dam, '■ Jllack ^raria," came from a list of prom- 
inent race-horses. 

In the State noted for fine horses (Kentucky)! 
Washington Corbin was born, his birth occurring 
in Grant County, on the 8th of July, 1820. His 
father, James Corbin, was a native of Culi)eper 
County. Va.. and of Knglish descent. He was a 
soldier iu tiie War of 1812, enlisting as a private, 
and after the war he settled iu Kentucky, opening 
a farm in Grant County. He liecanie a veterin- 
aiT surgeon, one of the most prominent in the 
State of Kentucky, and practiced there for many 
years. In 1832, he came to Adams County, 111., 
located in Burton Township, and bought some new 
land covered with white oak timber. He began 
in true pioneer style, erected a log cabin, and 
passed his days in clearing iiis farm and hunting 
the wild animals, then so numerous. He followed 
his profession in connection witli farming for 
many years, and died here when fifty-four years 
of age. He had married Miss Jane Briggs, of 
Grant County. Ky., but she died in that State in 
1826. They had an old-fashioned family of ten 
cliildren, as follows: August (deceased), .John and 
Ciiarles (twins), (iranville, Sally; Parker, who re- 
sides at West Point, 1 11.; AV'ashington and America, 
(twins), the latter now Mrs. JIalone. of Newtown; 
Thomas and Nancy (deceased). 

The original of this notice, who was the second 
youngest in order of birth, was reared in his native 
State until eleven years of age, and then came 
with liis father to (^uincy, 111. As his father was 
in rather poor circumstances, young Corbin was 
obliged to work hard during his youth, and his 
boyhood days were passed in assisting his father 
in clearing the farm. He continued on the farm 
until after his fatiier's death, when he was appren- 
ticed to learn the cooper trade at Burton. He 
worked at this for ten years, and then purchased 
a farm four and a-half miles east of Burton, which 
ho at once began improving. He iiad one hun- 
dred and twenty acres, and in connection with 
general farming, he was engaged in trading in 
horses, and stock of all kinds. During the war, lie 
bought horses for the Government for the com- 

pany of the Third ^[issouri Cavalry, and had 
none but what was accepted. He continued 
farming until 1868, and then sold out and located 
in (^uincy. A few years later, he engaged in bus- 
iness with ^Ir. Aldridgc and continued with him 
for six years, after which he sold out and bought 
" Amboy," 769, for 12,800. This horse was burned 
to death in 1880, but left a fitting representative 
in " Corbin Bashaw," Mr. Corbin's best horse. Mr. 
Corbin also bought " Black Maria" of Smith for 
II, .500, and she became the dam of "Corbin Ba- 
shaw." The last-named horse trotted in all 
the large cities and has brought his owner a great 
deal of money. 

Mr. Corbin was married in Burton, in 1856, to 
Miss Catherine Mechiin, a native of Adams County, 
III., who was here reared and educated. She was 
a school teacher, and a lady of more than the aver- 
age intelligence and reflnement. She died in 
1873. Two children were born to this union, but 
both died when small. Mr. Corbin is a member 
of the Ancient, Free and Accepted Masons. He de- 
lights in racing, and in the fall he goes to Arkan- 
sas to hunt. Since 1850, he has killed two hun- 
dred deer in tliis county, and has killed tiiree hun- 
dred in all. He has a pleasant residence at No. 
305 Fourth Street. In {lolitics, he is a stanch 

(ill., is. 
^^^ this pi 

^p^ EORGE H. WALKER, ex-.Mayor of (^lincy, 
one of the representative citizens of 
lace, and it is fitting that a brief 
sketch of his career should find place in this Ri-.( - 
OKI). There is in the development of every suc- 
cessful life a principle which is a lesson to every 
man following in its footsteps, a lesson leading 
to higher and more honorable positions than the 
ordinary. Let a man be industriously ambitious 
and honorable in his ambitions, and he will rise, 
whether having the prestige of fannly or the oli- 
scurity of iioverty. 



Kx-Mavor Walker is a native of Kentucky. 
jMini in l.ognn County, near Riissellville. »in the 
2(1 of iJecetnher, IKS'.i. and is a son of Joseph 
Walker, and the grandson of Klislia Walker, who 
was of Scotfh <U'seenl. Tlie father of our subject 
was also liorn in the ljlue-:^ra.->s reijions of Ken- 
tucky, and was eng.nged in general niercliaiulisin<; 
the jirincipal part of his life. lie married Miss 
Delia A. (.'otTnian. a native of Kentu<-ky. and the 
daughter of .Jacob CofTman, who was horn in Ten- 
nessee and was of (ierniaii oriiiin. ()ursulijecl was 
the second in or<ler of hirlii of eight children, 
•■md until eighteen yeai-s of age remained in his 
native county, supplementing a common-s<'liool 
education liy a term in a select school. Later, he 
attended a parochial school, and suhsctpiently 
began wielding the ferrule, followinj; the profcssiun 
of a teacher for some time. 

rp to IMTo, Mr. Walker was engaged in culti- 
vating the soil, and he afterward embarked in 
merchandising, keeping a general store at .Mar- 
cclline, 111. For twelve years, he was thus en- 
gaged, and during that time he accumulateil a 
comfortable competency. lie was enterprising 
and progressive and his pleasant, genial manners 
won him many faithful friends. In the spring of 
18S;'), he came to i^uincy and embarked in the 
grocery business, whii-h he carried on for thiee 
years. I„'»ter. he was engaged in the grain, 
produce and commission business in partnership 
with William S. Flack, under the linn name of 
Walker A- Flack, with ollices .-it Nos. 2.'<.') and 237 
North Seyenth Stjcet. This fiini hamlles all kinds 
of grain and produce, and ship to the l-',ast and 
West. It is one of the most prominent houses in 
its special line of trade in the city, aiul the vol- 
ume of trade is constantly on the incre.ise. 

During his residence in t^uiucy, Mr. W;ilker has 
held a number of responsible positions, and has 
ever lH*en interested in the jprosperity of the city. 
.VII his life long he has been ileeply interested in 
the cause of education. and for sometime has been 
."i member of the Sdiool ISoaid. He was .Super- 
visor of his township f<'r several years, and for 
five years was Chairman of that body, lie served 
one term n» .Mderman fi-oni the First Ward in 
(^uiucy. and in the spring of IM'.m he was elected 

Mayor of the city. His administration was marked 
by the improvements nwide and the excellent 
jmlgnuMit he displayed in discharging the duties 
of this responsible position. ISesidcs making nniny 
v.'dunble changes in the city government, he advo- 
cated the ownership of the Water Works by the 
cit\ , which, however, was defeated b\ the prescn' 

Mr. Walker is a stockholder in the l^nincy Shirt 
an<I ( )verail Company, and has held the position 
of Secretary and Treasurer for several yeai>. lie 
is now I'rcsident of the Adams County Itnilding 
A.ssoeiation, and is identified with IJodley Lodge. 
.\. V. \- A. M. In politics. Mr. Walker is a pro- 
nounced Democrat, and is active in support of his 
parly. During bis career .as a public ollieial, Mr. 
Walker displayed much executive ability, superior 
judgment and any amount of sound, practical 
sense. lie is now residing at No. 1 It'll \ern.ont 
Street, and a comfortable and attractiv home. 


JAHKI) i;. KLV. One of the coniforUible 
residences in the beautiful little village of 
Mendon. Adams (Vmnty. was built, and is 
^^^ ocupied by the subject of this present 
sketch, lie has been a druggist, but now has set- 
tled down to a life of ease at his pleas;int home. 

The father of our subject was Kjilph 11. Fl\. a 
native of I'ortage County, Ohio, born in 1H12. 
ami who was a hoi-se-farrier liy tr.'ide. 'i'hc mother 
of the original of this sketch was I'ariiu'lia (Scran- 
ton) Fly. and w:is a native of Connecticut. These 
parents were married in ()hio an<l came to Illi- 
nois in lH;{7or Ih.'JM, and settled in Mendon prairie, 
being among the lirstsetllei-s. .Mr. Kly.Sr.. practiced 
his profession until |x.'>l and then moved into 
Mendon, where he conlininMl his profession until 
ill-health caused him to retire. .Vl .Mendon he and 
his estimable wife died, both of tliein much valued 
people in the Methodist Fpiscopal Church for 
their real Christian piety. Mr. Kly had been Con- 
stable of .Mendon Township, ami was ijuite promi- 



nent in local politics, voting first as a Whig, and 
later as a Republican. 

Our subject was born October 6, 1830, at Deer- 
field, Portage Count}-, Ohio. He came to Illinois 
with his parents when seven jears old. lie only 
received very limited schooling, and remained at 
home until after he was twenty-one, as his only 
brother was killed by the kicl< of a liurse. The fam- 
ily then left the farm and came to the village. In 
18.51, our subject joined an expedition, under 
Messrs. Smith and Stratton, to drive a lierd of 
cattle across the plains to California. They crossed 
the Missouri River at Council Uluffs. and then 
there was but one liouse where Omaha now rears 
her stately mansions, and this house was an Indian 
agency. The travelers went on by wav of Salt 
Lake Cit}-, where at that time the workmen had just 
commenced the laying of the IMormon Temple, 
and on toward Placerviile, Cal., which Ihey reached 
after a lapse of six months from home. There 
was much personal liardship on the trip, as there 
were one hundred and fifty head of cattle to be 
taken care of, and only eiglit men to do all. 
He and two others left the tram at Carson Citv, 
and without money made their way to their desti- 
nation. This seemed the limit of endurance — to 
be sick and from home without money; Itut just 
at the right time, he met an accpiaintance, who 
let him have a place in the mines, and offered him 
fifty dollars a month. Here he met parties from 
home, and went in with them in mining, and did 
fairly well. He returned home in 1851, l)y way 
of the Isthmus, and then went into tiie drug busi- 
ness in Mendon. He continued in that until 
1888, since which time he has been traveling in 
the hope of regaining his lost health. He has 
made several trips to Colorado, and spent last sea 
son in California. 

The marriage of our suliject to(jk place in 1870, 
to Miss Sarah M. McFarland, a native of I'rsa 
Township, a daughter of Joiin McFarland. of this 
count}'. ]Mr. and Mrs. Ely are the parents of two 
children: Olive O. and Esther. They lost two 
boys l)y diptheria, Wallace and Ernest. They 
are members of the Lutheran Church, and Mr. Ely 
has held official positions in the chnrch. He is a 
piember of the Masonic order, and is a cliarter 

member of the Blue Lodge here. He has been the 
Treasurer of Mendon Village from its incorporation 
until four years ago. In his political predilection 
he is a Repulilican. He has rented his farm, as 
he feels his health too poor to carry it on, and a 
sprained ankle gives him trouble. 

Mr. and Mrs. Ely are people of consequence in 
Mendon, and Mr. Ely's travel has widened his 
perceptions and has made him a very entertaining 



^ i^dLLIAM A. BOOTH was a worthy, wealthy 
\/\/// '"""^ influential man, one of the foremost 
^^^ men in the county in his day. Stephen 
Booth, the father of AVilliam A., was born in Bed- 
ford County, Va., near the Peaks of Otter, Febru- 
ary 14, 1786. His father, William Booth, was reared 
in England. His brothers were Elijah, Anderson, 
.Tohn, William and (ieorge. His sisters were Polly 
Neal, Prudence .loiies and Nancy Franklin. When 
about twenty-one ^ears old, he followed relatives 
to Kentucky and lived in Shelby, Nicholas and 
Bourbon Counties. He followed the trade of a car- 
penter for some j-ears, and was afterward a farmer. 
In IS.SS, he moved to Illinois and settled in Ursa 
Township, Adams County, where he lived until his 
death in 1867. 

Mr. Booth was married in 1811 to Mary Congle- 
ton, who was l)orn in Bourbon County, December 
25, 1 792. She was a most worthy wife and mother, 
and survived her husband some jears. Of the 
eleven children of Stephen and Mary Booth, ten 
were born in Kentucky and one in Illinois. They 
were Armilda, wife of William Hedges; Clarinda, 
wifeuf Miner Hedges; Nancy, who died in infancy; 
William .\., the subject of this sketch; Elizabeth, 
who married Davis P. Colvin; Judith, Mrs. .lohn 
S. .lohnson; Emily, who married .lohn T. Turner; 
Mar\ . the wife of .lohn Duncan; Sarah, Mrs. Thomas 
Sibley; Christopher ('., and Catherine Frances, who 
married .lohn L. Moore. 

Stephen liootli was ;\n ardent Hepublii-an. He 



was a mcinlMM- cif the Chri:<tian Chiifcli. as was his 
wife, and ainoiifr his coiitriliutions for i-eli.<;iiius 
ouises he ;rave !>5('0 for a scholni'ship to Christian 
I'lilvei-sity at Caiitoii. Mn. He aiviiimihitefl eon- 
sidt*ral)le properlj', and wa.s honored in his coni- 
niiinity. lie was the patriareli of a larire nunil>er 
of sons and daujfhtcrs ancl nephews and nieees, and 
his homestead was for many yeai-s the rallyinp- 
pltee for liappy hon)e-irallierin<:s of the Month fam- 
ily eonneetlons. 

Wlien William A. Hoolh came to Illinois with 
his father in IM;{:i, lie was fifteen years old. When 
a young man, he farmed with his father, ehopped 
sawmill timbers in the .Mississi|)pi bottoms for two 
or three winters, taii<rht one term of school, was 
partner in a dry-goods store in Xauvoo for a short 
time, and in 1847 was a partner with '1'. I.. McCoy 
in the pork-packinjj business in (^iiincy. In IH.Id, 
he bought land and settled in (Jiliner Township. 
AVlien he was a young man and living with his 
father, he went to fieorge .lohiison. a farmer and 
blacksmith living near Columbus, and got him to 
make an iron moldboard plow for him. This was 
one of the first iron moldboard plows in Mr. Booth's 
neighborho<,)d, and its working excited a gt>od 
deal of attention and comment. 

Mr. lV»otli was married September 211, in."i2, to 
Nancy .1. Bradley, born in Bourbon County, Ky., 
June 23, 1H33, daughter ofllirainand Mary (.Mark- 
well) Bradley, the former born in Bourbon County. 
Ky., and the latter in Kleiniiig County, Ky. 
They were married in Kentucky, but moved to 
Adams County, 111., in 1841, where .Mi-s. Bradley 
died soon after their arrival, and was buried in 
the cemetery at Burton, in Burton Township. 
Adams County. Her husband returned to their 
former home, where he died in 188;"). lie was a 
farmer, and his family was of Scotch descent. 

Mr. and Mrs. Booth had eight children: .Mary 
F.. wife of Dr. C K. Whitlock. of Columbus, 
this county; Christopher S., of Camp I'oiiit, 111.: 
.lohn A., Nellie. Lillie K. and William, who are de- 
ce,i.sed: Newtort ('., who married Li/./.ie Welsh, .-iiid 
is A farmer near Camp Point, and Ida, deceased. 
All the children had good educational advantages. 
Christopher was adininistr.-itor of the otate. wliicli 
was divided, aii<l he anil his mother live at lamp 

Point. Mrs. Booth is a menilx-r of the Christian 
Church, and is a good and worthy woman in every 

Mr. Hnoih w.rsa suece.ssful farmer, owning at his 
death six hiimlred and ninety acres of land, and 
he dealt to some extent in notes and mortgages. 
.Vbout 18(14, he made two or three trips lo Penn- 
sylvania and ^'ermont, antl bought and esUiblished 
one of the best Hocks of Merino sheep in Western 
1 llinois. lie bought sheep of Lee .\reher and Sam- 
uel Archer, of Penn.sylvania. and paid %.')0(i for 
one sheep, lie was several times .Assessor of (iil- 
nier Township and, during the war. compiled the 
list of men in (Jilmer Township subject to ilraft. 
In 187(>. he was on* tif the three leading men who 
got the agricultural fair of Adams County moved 
to and established at Camp Point, and .'u-an olllcer 
of the fair he was eight times a Director, ten times 
on both Building and Printing Committees, once 
Treasurer, once (Jeneral Superinteixlent, four times 
First Vice-president, and once President. 

.\n athletic man during most of his life, in 
middle age Mr. Booth walked several times from 
his farm to (^iiincy. a disUuice of fourteen miles. 
He would often tell with pride how he could make 
his hand when sixteen years old at cradling wheat, 
and until old age he could handle an ax with un- 
vominon skill ami effect. Raiseil at a period when 
deer and wild turkeys were common, when the 
ride was the popular weapon, and when it was 
against the rule to shoot a sijuirrel anywhere ex- 
cept through the head, he was a g<»od marksman 
and always retained a prejudice against a shotgun 
for scattering. An enthusiastic fisher from his 
youth, in his later years he had ipiitc a local repu- 
tation as a fisherman with hook and line. 

.\ man of considerable force of character, the 
pei'sonal (pialities of Mr. Booth gained for him the 
respect of those who knew him. With a logical, 
practic:d mind, his judgment in business matters 
was often sought and referred to. While he would 
likely have resented being told that he was ;i good 
man, he seemed ahva\s t<» do what he flid with a 
consfience, and while his judgment of persons wa.s 
ijenerally just, he was severely critic-d of pei-sons 
who would try. as he expre.s,«ed it. "ti) show off." 
and for shams and humbugs his sarcnsni Imd a rip- 



saw touch. It was a trait of hi?^ character to avoid 
doing things to attract attention to himwlf. 3'et he 
liad strong anitiitions, and liad tlie strengtli of 
mind and will to work and ripen his plans for years 
to achieve the results at which he aimed. 

As to his business habits, proli.nbly no one is bet- 
ter (jualified to speak than his friend and business 
partner, Mr. Thomas Baile}-, who, in a letter, has 
expressed tliis estimate of him: "I became ac- 
quainted with him in liS^.i, when he was twenty- 
five years of age, and was ac(iuainted with him 
from that time on so long as he lived, but for the 
last twenty years of his life I can say that I was 
intimately .ncquainted witli him. I alwa}'* con- 
sidered him strictly honest, a man of excellent 
judgment in business matters, always taking a 
common-sense view of all matters that came up in 
the course of life. He was always indulgent to 
creditors, and in the twent}' years we did business 
together there were no disputes, no misunderstand- 
ings. I never saw any act or thing in any tran- 
saction of business but that was honorable and 

JOSEPH W. EMERY. No city of Illinois 
surpasses Quinc\' in the encouragement 
given to manufacturing enterprises in offer- 
ing the means for their success. Examples 
of success in that de|)arlment of human activity 
are not wanting, and the limits of this volume 
wiHild not suflice to mention the various industries 
which have here found a fitting arena for their 
exercise, and rewarded their promoters with pros- 
perity, if not wealth. 

Prominent among the manufacturing firms and 
corporations (;f the city, is the Channon-Kmer\- 
Stove Company, which ptissesses one of the most 
thoroughly equipped stcjve foundries in the eoun- 
trj'. The officers of the company are William \. 
Channon, President; Joseph W. Emery, ^'ico-pres- 
ideut and Treasurer; and 'William II. ( hannon. 

Secretary. The plant is located on the corner of 
Eifth and Ohio Streets, in the center of the manu- 
facturing district of (^uincy, and the original 
buildings, which were erected in 1881, have been 
added to as the demands of their constantly in- 
creasing business re(iuired. until now the foundry 
is one of the largest and most complete to lie founil 
in any city. 

The company manufactures a general line of 
ranges and cooking and heating stoves for all 
kinds of fuel, and its business extends into every 
State and Territory west of the ^Mississippi IJiver, 
as well as over a large jioition of the East. The 
success of this Itu^iness, which has grown to such 
wonderful magnitude, is due to the efforts of 
William >'. Channon and .loseph W. Emery, who, 
since the inception of the firm in 1880. have de- 
voted their entire attention and ability to its pros- 
perity. It is with Mr. Emery, ^■ice-president and 
Treasurer of the Company, that we are especially 
interested at present. 

The son of a minister, Mr. Emery has jiroved by 
his life that the trite proverl) concerning preach- 
ers" sons is untrue. His father. Rev. S. Hopkins 
Emery, D. D., was for nearly fifteen years pastor 
of the Eirst Congregational Church of Quincy, 
and is now in Taunton, Mass. Our subject was 
born in Taunton, Mass.. and was but a few years 
old when he .accompanied his parents to this city, 
where he has since resided. In his l)oyliood and 
youth, he received the advantages of a good edu- 
cation, wliicli was an invaluable aid to him in his 
business career afterward. 

Upon leaving school, Mr. Kmery entered the 
banking house of L. tV: C. II. Bull, of t^uincy, 
where he continued until 1874. In the year 
above mentioned, he foimed a iiartnerslnii with 
Edward J. Parker, under the tirin name of E. .1. 
Parker it Co., which succeeded to the commercial 
banking business o{ L. it C. H. liull. the latter 
firm retiring from that business to operate solely 
as a savings bank. Mr. Emery remained in this 
connection for six years, during which lime, liy 
his hoiKirablc methods of conducting tinniicial 
transactions, he maintained the esteem of the peo- 
ple, which he had gained in former years. As 
above stated, he willidrcw from the firm in ordev 



H)|{TH.Mr AM) HKXiKAlIlK Al. HWOKl). 


(o estAltlbli in business with William \. Clmnnon, 
a |ii<>neci- in the stove indiisliy of (^uiney. To- 
;;etli(i-, tliev luiilt the stove fonndi v. whieh tliev 
still o|ieiate nn<l whieh has urown to Ik- oni' of the 
most inipoi'tjiiit iniiinif:i('tui'in<r enterprises of (he 

Since the oririini/.ation of ihe \Ve>tein Manu- 
factnrers' Ass<K-iation, whieh inelii<)es all the sU»vc 
manufaetiirei-s of (^uiney. Ilnnnihal ami Keoknk, 
.Mr. Kmery has lioen its Seerel4iiy, and he has also 
iceently served as Fii>t Viee-president of the Na- 
tional .V.«,soeiation of Stove Manufa<turers of the 
I'niled Stjites. lie is a man of intelli<;eneo and keeps 
himself well posted rej^ardin-i Ihf issnes of the day 
and matters that are tninspirin<; in the world. 
Honorable in piivate life, peaceable and law-abid- 
inj,' as a eiti/en. and displayiuir energy in what- 
ever he nndertakes, he is looked upon with i-espoel 
bv all who know him. 

CC3[" " ' -f; 

<»N. .101 IN V. MIKKSKI.L. t^uimy has 
never known a inoic ellleient and capable 
.Mayor than .lolin 1'. .Mikesell. who by his 
V2^y honorable. eUicienI and upright career as 
an ollicer has won a place in the annals of the 
S* *(' of Illinois, lie is a native of that grand old 
State \'ir<jinia, born in Lynchbiirgh on the 17th of 
July. I«:J5. and is a son of .John Mikesell. also a 
native of the Old l)ominion. and for many vcai-s a 
prominent lumlK>r merchant of I-ynclibinirh. In 
IHJl. the father removed to «^uincy. III., and dui- 
ing his residence in that city was actively and suc- 
cessfully engaged in the lumlier business, which he 
carried on until his death, in |n72. The mother 
of our subject, formerly .Miss Kli/abeth \ an I)\(ke, 
was born in N'irginia.Hiid was the danghier of I'eicr 
Van Dycke. who wa-^ of Dutch de-cent. The 
Mikesells were of lierman origin and eailv scltlei-s 
of X'irginia. 

When six years of age. our subjcci moYcil wilh 
his parents to (.^uincy, and thorouiihly edu- 
cated ill the public schools of that city. In |X|:i. 

he was seized with the gold fever, and although 
only fourU-en years of age, he went to the (;«ddeii 
Stjite in conip.any with (iov. .lolin Wood, making 
the trip by water, lie engaged in mining, was 
unusually successful, anci continued there two and 
a half years. Heturiiiiig to <;iiincy, he remained 
there but a short liini' and then went with a coin- 
|Hiiiy to .'Vnstralia. where he eng.iged in the IuiiiImt 
business for some tune. For six years, he was a 
resident of that country, and during that time he 
carried on a very successful lumlH>r business. 

Aftt-r .Mr. Mikesell returncfl to the States, the 
Civil War brok<' out .and he wjls lilled with a pa 
triotic desire to aid his country "s cause, lie en- 
li.fted in the I'.ighteenth Missouri Hegiment, under 
Col. .Madison Miller, and alMMit two inonllis later 
he wa.s made Cnpt.ain of Company 1. In IHt;2. he 
w:is ordered to Island No. I". thence to I'ittsliurg 
Landing, and at the battle of Shiloh liC was taken 
prisoner and held about a year, being in the 
prison at Macon. Ca.. and the noted l.ibby prison. 
P'roni the latter he w.-is paroled and came home to 
<iuiiic3', and, after hieing exchange*!, joinrd his 
regiment, which was at that time at Tiiscnmbia, 
-Via. .\fter this he was on garrison duty and 
served in all three years, being mustered out with 
the rank of Captain. He w,as a faithful olficer. a 
brave and gallant soldier, and a favorite in the 

Kt'turning to i^iiincy. .Mr. .Mikcxll embarked in 
the pork-packing business with Adams, Sawver A- 
Co.. and Continued in this bu-<iiiess for eighteen 
years, meeting with success. .M the end of tli.-il 
time, the partnership was dissolved, and .Mr. Mike- 
sell turned his attention to farming in Missouri and 
Illinois. In !«(;«, he leil to the altar Miss F.liza. 
daughter of Thomas I'ayne. a native of .Vdaiiis 
County. III. Two children have lH>en born to .Mr. 
and .Mrs. .Mikesell: Flla. wife of W. S. Warlield. 
.Ir., of (^iiiiicy; and Kdith. a student in the High 
School. Honesty, industry, prudence and caution 
have U'eii the leading chai-acteristics of the Mike- 
sell family in all gi nerntions. and these traits have 
lK?eii manifested always anil in a marked degree 
by our subject. Soci:illy. he 1- (Hipular with all 
who know liiin, and in all respects i- a crediUtble 
representative of (he sterling stock from which he 



descended. He has ever taken a deep interest in 
the prosperity of Qiiincy, and in the capacity of 
Mayor, to which position lie was elected in 1892, 
he has diisplayed excellent judgment and unusual 
executive al)ility. In that capacity and in other 
ways he has exerted a strong influence for good. 
For six years, he was Superintendent of I'ublic 
AVorks, and for four years was Alderman of the 
Sixth Ward. He was elected to his present posi- 
tion on the Republican ticket with a majority of 
seven hundred votes, the city being one thousand 

Mr. 3Iikesell is a member of the Grand Army, 
and assisted in organizing .John Wood Post No. 
96. He resides in a handsome new brick building 
of modern arciutecture on East Main .Street, and 
this is presided over by his accomplished and 
estimable wife, whose womanly graces and virtues 
are well known. As a pr.actical business man, Mr. 
Mikesell's reputation is excellent, and as a citizen 
he is well liked and has a host of M'arm fiiends. 
He is a well-posted man, conversant with all the 
leading movements of the time, and having 
marked opinions of his own upon all important 

JOHN WHEELER lives in honorr.ble retire- 
ment in one of tlie many beautiful homes in 
(^uincy, wiiich is pleasantly located at No. 
,^j_j^ 431 Vermont Street. He is one of the pio- 
neers of tliis county, was active in its agricultural 
development, and later in life became a merchant 
and miller. So successful has he been in his busi- 
ness career, that he has acquired a handsome com- 
petence, which enables him to pass his declining 
years in comfort, free from the necessity of iiard 
labor and care, which were his portion in earlier 

Mr. Wheeler is a native of Massachusetts, hav- 
ing been horn in Sudbury, Middlesex County, De- 
cember (!, 1813. and was a sou of Loring Wheeler. 
mIso ii native of the Dav State, The father, who 

was a well-to-do farmer, died when our subject 
was a lad of ten 3'ears, and his mother, who bore 
the maiden name of Eunice Brigliam, continued to 
reside in Sudbury, where her birth also occurred, 
until a short time prior to her decease, which look 
place at Brighton, Mass. 

The original of this sketch was the sixth in or- 
der of birth of the five sons and tiiree daughters 
born to his parents, he and his brother P. being the 
only survivors. His boyhood and early school days 
were passed in his native town, where he attended 
the common school and worked on the farm until 
reaching his seventeenth year. Then going to 
Cambridge, Mass., he entered the employ of Mr. 
Ilitjginson, who was a professoi' in Harvard College 
and later spent two years as an assistant in the in- 
sane hospital, his duty being to purchase the sup- 
plies and look after the general business of the asy- 
lum. His next employment was driving an omni- 
bus between Cambridge and Boston, in which he engaged for eighteen months, and in the fall 
of 1837 became to (^uincy and engaged in farming 
near this city. Four years later, he built the Eagle 
Flouring Mills, which he operated for a period of 
thirty years, at the same time still carrying on his 
farming operations. He subsequently operated as 
general merchant, and, on disposing of his mill 
propert3', gave the greater portion of his time and 
attention to that line of business. 

Miss Rebecca Pease, of Quincy, became the wife 
of Mr. Wheeler m 1837. She was the daugiitcr of 
Capt. Nathaniel Pease, and, like her husliand, was 
also a native of Massachusetts, having been boin 
in Brighton, May 6, 1816. By her union with our 
subject have been born three sons, who aic living, 
viz.: Loimg P., who is tlie proprietor of a fine 
fruit farm in Melrose Townshij); .John F.. who 
makes his home in Chicago, and George E., at 

Mr. Wlieeler has always taken an activ^- part in 
local affairs, and in 1802 served as Alderman for 
one term. In jwlitics, he is a stuidy Republican, 
casting his first vote for (4en. Harrison in 1840. 
and for his grandson in 188H. He has always been 
liberal to those aliout him, never turning from his 
door a man that was in need, if it were possible for 
him to .assist liiin. He is a stockholder in the First 



National B*iik, and one of fifteen men who 
foinuU'd till' Woodland lloiiic fur iir|ilian.«. Mi>. 
WIu'i'Ipi- dipaitt'd tliis lilt- (Kiolii-r :ll, 1N7S. and 
luT loiiiains w»ti- fiiliuwi-d to their ri'>tinir place hv 
many friends who synipathi/.ed in the sjrief of thi- 
attli<'tod family. Mrs. Wlicck-r \va< a nicinluT of ilit- 
Hji|)ti>t t hiiidi 


osl.MI T. HHADl-OKI). lotirtMl limilioinian. 
of (^iiiiifv. III. This olil and pi'omiiient 
resident and now retired hnsine.*.-* man of 
• ^iiiney. was l)orn in Karminuton. I''r:inklin 
County. Me., Decemlier ll!, 1X2;?. a son of .losepii 
Bradford, a native c>f the I'ine Tree .state and a 
tanner liy trade. He was one of the famous Cali- 
fornia gold minersof lHli),in whieli .'^tate he s|)ent 
two yeai"s in searching for [lay gravel. Imt with 
only fair results, and in IX.'il he returned to his 
home and the following year arrived in <^iiincy 
with hi.- fatiiily. where he enntinned to make hi.s 
home until \\\^ death. Mnreh ■!, 1X71. lie was 
a son of William l>railford and a grandson of 
(iov. William Biadford, who came to this country 
in the historic and famous >hip, the -Mayllower," 
and l;inded at I'lymouth, M.ass. This f.imily has 
increased and multiplied and desceiid.iiit> of this 
famous man are now in nearly ever\- State and 
Territory of the I'liioii. The maiden name of 
.loseph Bradford's wife was Betsey Tuft-*; she was 
Ivorii at Maiden. Mass., a daughter of .lo-iah Tuft>. 
a native of Maldeij, Ma.-s., an<l a descendanl of 
Knglish ancestors. 

Josluh T. Bradfor<l was given the ad v.'inlages of 
the piililic school- of .Maine, and Ufion reaching a 
pro|)er age l)egaii learning the tanner's trade under 
the direction of his father, at which he worked 
faithfully .•ind well until he was thirty years of 
age. lie then came to i juiiicy. and his tirst hlisiness 
enterprise here wa> a- a li\'ervman, which lnisiiies.* 
he carried on with marked siicce-s for some lime, 
then dispOHiJof his eslnblishmcnt toeinhark in the 

lumber Inisiucss in pnrtnershi|> with lii.'i hrolher. 
and at the same time purchased .some valuahle pine 
lands ill Wisconsin, lie and his lirother, Joseph 
W., continued luisine.-s a.vsociates for fortv-three 
\e;iis and were successfully engaged in the manu- 
facture of pine liimlier up to iKHd.wheii the partner- 
ship was dissolved and the Imsiness closed, .losiah 
T. tlicn einliarkecl on the commercial sea as a dry- 
goods merchant of t^iiincy,and purchased a general 
line of goods for his .siuis and daughter, which 
business wa.s conducted by them for three years. 
.Succeeding this, Mr. Brailford purchased the tailor- 
ing establishment of <;eoige B. Bristol, and placed 
his son in charge of the business but, not content 

with this, he, in IM81, formed a st<ick ( ipany with 

a capital of ii(;(i,0(Hl and e-lablished a cattle ranch 
in New Mexico of which. u|>on it- organiza- 
tion, ^Ir. Bradford was made I'resideiit: .lohn T. 
Holmes, of I,a Belle, .Mo., Secretary; and John .1. 
.\giiew, Treasurer, the latter being connected with 
the l.a Belle (Mo.) Bank. 

This company now upon the ijinges between 
livi- llioiisand .and six thousand head of cattle. Mr. 
Bradford has always taken an active interest in 
the political affairs of his .section, as well as in 
National politics, and is a Democrat of the most 
pronounced stripe. He is true to his convictions 
at all times and his reasons for his views are always 
clear and well deliiied. .\lthongh not in the 
aggressive, he expresses hiinsidf plainly and forci- 
bly, when occiisioii so demands, especially in favor 
of justice and right. His personal characteristics 
are of the kind that win warm friendship, gennine 
respect and earnest regard. Those who know him 
only as a man of .'ilTairs respect him for his iip- 
riglitness, his integrity, his fidelity to every trust 
rrposi'd in him, and his conscientious regard for 
the e(|iiities of commercial life. 

Those who have been brought into more intimate 
rel:itions with our subject have a thorough appre- 
ci.-itioii of his kinclly and sympathetic nature. 
Benevolent, charitable and philanthropic enter- 
prises which commend themselves to his excellent 
judgment have never appealed to him in vain 
for prompt .'ind siil>-tantial eiicoiiragenunt. and 
with e\i'ry :iift lias gone a hearty ••( Jod-speed" 
which added lo the pleasure and gratitude of the 



recipient. While by no means indiscrimiuale in 
the bestowal of his charities, he liai shown little 
favoritism and gives liberally of his abundant 
means wherever a harvest of good is promised, 
whether the appeal comes from the community in 
which he lives or one in which he chances to bo a 
temporary sojourner. 

Mr. Bradford is a prominent Mason, l)cing a 
Knight Templar. In 1847, he was married to .Sarah 
J. Kent, a native of .Sebec, Me., and a daughter of 
AVarren Kent, of that i)lacc. By her he is the fa- 
ther of four children: Ella, Mrs. Walker; AVilliam 
J., the prosperou.s proprietor of a tailoring estab- 
lishment of (.^uincy; Harry K.; and Lulu, wife of 
W. D. Chaffee, of South Bend, Ind. On the 1st of 
JMay, 1880, Mrs. Bradford died. Mr. Bradford 
has a beautiful brick residence at No. 214 South 
Third Street. His residence is very beautifulh' 
and tastefully furnished and there he is living, 
practically retired from the strife and turmoil of 
business life, in the enjoyment of a competency 
which his early efforts secured him. 


"it'ESSE J. ADAMS is a member of the firm of 
Wright & Adams, of Quincy, 111., general 
machine manufacturers, their place of busi- 
ness being located on North Front Street. 
Mr. Adams' advent into this world occurred on 
Long Island in the month of June, 1852, to Ezek- 
iel and .Jemima .1. (Wright) Adams, and he was the 
only son of iiis parents' house. His father was a 
native of New York, and in early life followed the 
calling of a sailor, but in his declining years turned 
his attention to agriculture, and gathered about 
him a sufficient amount of this world's goods to 
provide him and his family with every comfort 
necessary for their well-being. The mother comes 
of thrifty and substantial German stock, and from 
her .Jesse J. Adams has inherited many of his most 
worthy traits as a business man, together with his 
father's enterprise and push. 

At the age of four years, .Jesse was taken by his 

parents to Adams County, 111., and with them set- 
tled on a farm where, as he grew up, he learned 
lessons of thrift, industry and honesty, which have 
been the means of placing him in an independent 
position and raising him to a high place in the es- 
timation of his fellows. Up to the age of four- 
teen years, he was an attendant at the district 
schools, where he was alternately in mischief and 
on his good l)eliavior, but through it all he man- 
aged to acquire a good practical education. He 
remained with his father on the farm up to the 
age of sixteen j'ears, and so energetic and intelli- 
gent was he, that he managed to imbibe all the 
details of agriculture and could apply the princi- 
ples he had learned in a very practical manner. 
At the above-mentioned age, he entered a machine 
shoj) in (Quincy, for which business he seemed to 
have a natural aptitude and inclination, and after 
mastering its intricacies, he began working in the 
foundry owned b}' Brown, Demmick & Co., where 
he remained two years. 

Knowing his own capabilities so well, he re- 
solved no longer to remain an employe, but to l)e- 
come an employer, and with this end in view he, 
in 1881, formed a partnership with .1. N. Wright, 
under the firm name of Wright & Adams, which 
resulted in the founding of the present admirably 
conducted machine shops, of which they are the 
proprietors. Their connection has continued very 
harmoniously and has resulted in much good to 
both, showing what can bo accomplished when the 
spirit of determination is exercised. They occupy 
two floors of a building which is 150x50, and the 
foundry building, which is also 150x50 feet, and 
eacli article they manuf;icture is put to the most 
critical and exacting tests before leaving the fac- 
toiy, a coinmendable principle, and one which has 
essentially contributed to the success which has 
attached to this house since its inception. Their 
establishment is well e(iuii)ped with necessary ma- 
chinery', and the high standard their goods has 
attained is the result of close supervision of eveiy 
detail, and they are now doing a heavy business 
throughout the I'nited States. They send a large 
amount of tobacco machinery to Europe besides 
what is used in this country. 

j\Ir. Adams has always lieen a Hopulilican politic 



e»ll_v. and s(K*ially Iwloiigs to (^uiiiev I-od-ro Nn. 
12, I. ().(>. I".; (^iiiii.y F.odjre No. 2!»G. A. F. A- A. 
.M.: niKl l'.-iik l-od^r.. .No. .-.(!. A. (). I'. \V. In Ma\ , 
1«7'J, he w!i> niarrie(] to .Miss .Mnlinda Hakt-i-. a 
dan<;litfi of .lohn Hakor. of (^iiinry. and l>\' licr 
lias oni' tl.'iuirlilcr. Klla .\.. at home. 'I'lifV li.avc a 
von I'onifoitahlc and pleasant icsidenee at No. 
'.M(! Noilli Fifth Street. 


Ddl.l'll 1-. lidl'll. .\ |ii-oniinont -tock- 
hohlei' and Direetor of tlie ( Jem ( it \' liiew- 

jj la eiy is the ifentlenian whose name appears 
on this sketeh. lie was horn in Wiesbaden, 
Na.ssan, (Jermany. .lanuaiy 1. 1MI7. Ilis fnlher, 
A. F., wa.s horn in the same |)laee anil eondneted a 
fine niiliineiy estahlishment at a fanions hot-water 
s|trings, a great (icrnian resort. The mother of our 
sultjeet w.a.s Margaret Wohstedder, also horn in 
Na-s-sau, and a woman of great foree of eliaraeter. 
The father having died in 1849, she brought the 
family of three children to .Vmeriea in 1M.">2. Tiiey 
left Hamburg on a siiiling-vessel for New Orleans, 
and after a voyage of one hundred and three days 
reaehed St. Louis, where she died in IK.j-l.of chol- 
era. She w.a.s .iflerman Presbyterian, and left three 
children at her death. It was a i<ad fate foi- them, 
lint they found friends. 

-Vdolph was orphaned when eight years of age. 
lie woike(l in a tailoring establi><liment for three 
years, and in I M.'i!) he removeil to Deeatnr. 111., 
where he remained for three years as a barl)er. He 
then changed his location and engaged in the 
cigar liusiness until 1SII8, when he came to l^iiinev 
and engageil in the manufacture of cigars, and 
continued in this business for three ye.-irs. In 
l«7.'i, he starteil in the retail business. In IKK'.t, 
he was one of the organizers of the ( Jem City Brew- 
ery, which boutihtout Mr. I'renty's brewery and is 
now located at Ninth and Harrison Street.s. 

Mr. Roth has lieen prominent and popular ni U)- 
eal Democratic politics. In 18M(), he wa.s elected as 
SujMfrvisor from the Second Ward, and was re- 

elected every year until 1«!MI. He ha.i si-rved on 
ilifTerent committees in different city enterprises, 
lie is interested in the building of bridges, etc., 
and the improvement of inads; is a nien.lK'r of the 
Turner Sm-iety .and Independent Order of Mutual 
.\id, and is almost always a deleg.ate to the c-onnty 
and congressional conventions. He li;is served 
for years on the City Central DennK'ratie Com- 
mittee, an<l wa-s its Tre.asnrer for years. lie is now 
ft member of the Quincy Har-keei)cr's Association, 
of which ho was one of the organizers. He has 
been twice .n candidate for SherifT, and was once 
defeated by but one vote in the Democratic con- 
vention, and thesecon<l time by seventy-nine votes 
in the Demwratic primary. 

Our subject was married in Decatur, in 18(ii(, to 
Kate Catfin, liorn in Hlooniington. III., and has three 
children, Lena, .\dolph and A'alenline, who are 
bright and intelligent, and rellect credit on their 
parents. Mr. and Mrs. Roth are well known ami 
highly respected people. 


f— )~J 

/j^^i, ASPER RUFF, Superintendent of the Ruflf 
Brewing Company, of (.^uincy. III., is :i prac- 
tical brewer of the highest repute, and the 
most careful att*>ntion is given to every stage of 
the process. The residt been a brand of 
a l)eer that has sprung into immense popularity, 
and the output luis reached large proportions 
and is consiantl\' on the increase. Mr. RutT was 
born in <iuincy. .laniniry (!, IHH, a son of Casper 
Ruff, who was Ikmii in (iermany and who came to 
.\merica in If:!*!, and in the city of <^uincy fol- 
lowed the calling of a blacksmith, wlii<-h occupa- 
ti<m he had learned in his native land, initilal>out 
IH.'iii, when he founded the Washington Brewery. 
As his means were (piite limited, he commenced in 
a very modest way on the corner <if .Sixth and 
State Streets, but in lH."i2 his business had assumed 
such pro|iortioiis that he found it expeiiient to re- 
move to more commodious (luarti'i-s, and established 
himself at the present location of the Huff Brew- 



ins^ Company. He successfully conducted the busi- 
ness until 1864, wiieii he was succeeded bj' John 
and Casper Ruff, who continued the manufacture 
of beer until the death of .7ohn in 1880, after which 
Casper and his brother Henry conducted the estab- 
lishment until 1882, Casper being President and 
Henry Secretary and Treasurer. It was then in- 
corporated into a stock company, and has since 
been conducted under the name of the Ruff Brew- 
ing Conipan}-. Casper Ruff, the subject of this 
sketch, was made President and Secretary of the 
company, which position he held up to 1889, when 
Henry Ruff retired as Secretary and Treasurer, and 
William J. Ruff was made President, Edward Ruff, 
Secretar_y and Cas|)er Ruff' Superintendent and 

In 18',(1, the company made improvements to the 
extent of $18,000, putting in all the latest ai)pli- ; 
auces in improved machinery, among which is a \ 
refrigerator machine, and the wonderful increase 
in the patronage is indicated by its output, which 
amounts to 8,000 barrels annually. The building 
is a substantial biiek structure, with commodious 
ice-houses and warehouses, and all conveniences 
necessary for the successful manufacture of their 
product. The works are located near a large spring, 
the sparkling and pure waters of which are used 
in the manufactiu'e of tiieir beer, which is of a 
very superior quality, rich in color and Havor. 
They have a one hundred and thirty horse power 
engine and boilers, and under the most etlicient 
management of Casper Ruff, the establishment has 
become one of the solid institutions of the State. 
The beer which is manufactured by these gentle- 
men is a wholesome and healthy beverage, and the 
popularit3'- which it has acquired shows the people's 
good sense, and that they have a thorough apprecia- 
tion of its merits. The Messrs. Ruff have made it 
a point to make their product finer and better as 
they have gone along, and it is of a (juality that 
can not be surpassed, for it is rich in nutritive 
matter, and serves to satisfy hunger as well as thirst. 

Everything about their premises is arranged to 
facilitate the manufacture and handling of the 
enormous quantity of beer which they produce, 
and a large number of men are continually em- 
ployed. These gentlemen are respected and well- 

known citizens, and what they do not know about 
the manufacture of lieer is not worth knowing. 
They are genial, whole-souled men, and stand high 
in the business circles of t-^uincy, where they have 
many friends. Casper Ruff' has by industry and hon- 
esty made himself wealthy, and has helped to build 
up the city of t^uincy along with him. He has 
always taken an active part in social matters, and 
is in every way as important a factor in the pros- 
perity of the city as his beer is in adding comfort, 
happiness and health to its citizens. He was mar- 
ried October 20, 1804, to Miss Hannah C. Taus- 
mann, daughter of John H. Tausmann. They have 
had boin to them six children. P^dward died aged 
fifteen months. The second son is Edward H., 
who married Annie E. Menke. and has one ciiild. 
The last four, Ida, Elenora. Emma and Walter, are 
single and at home. Politically, our suliject is a 


?RANCIS A. ANEALS, who owns and o|)er- 
ri> ates three liundred acres of land on section 
10, is one of the few early settlers of El- 
lington Township who yet remain to tell the story 
of pioneer life in this locality. A native of Boone 
Count3', Mo., he was born October 31, 1826. His 
paternal grandfather enlisted from Pennsylvania 
in the War of 1812, and was never afterward heard 
from. His widow, with her one son and two 
daughters, then returned to the Empire State, and 
the young boy, Erancis Aneals, afterward (uir sub- 
ject's father, was ap|)renticed to the carpen- 
ter's trade. He was born in New York in the 
year of 1798. Having emigrated to ^lissouri, he 
sold his farm in Boone County in 1829, and re- 
moved to Illinois on account of the slave system 
in the former State. He then became a farmer of 
Schuyler County, and in 1M."52 came to Adams 
County, entering land from the ( iovernment in 
Ellington Township, where he died of cholera in 
18.'].'?. He was a member of the Methodist Episco- 
pal Church and Ijecame a local preacher. He 



wiiulil walk III (^uiiii'v eiich Sunday and tliere en- 
giiirc in iniMi.->torial wurk. and it was wliilc in that 
<-ity that he Ix'cauH' a victim nf the discasf which 
Ivrniinatcd his iifc. His wife, whu Ikhc the maid- 
en name nf Mamaret Berk. wa.s a native of Marv- 
lanil, and died at the Imme iif our subject at the 
a>;e of lifty-two years. Fivo ot their six children 
allained lo maniiood and woniaidiood: Kli/alH-lli. 
.lohn \\'.. Knincis. Justus \V. and Fletclier A., fif 
whom our suliject and .lohn \V. are now tiie only 
survivinir nieml>ers of tlie family. 

t )ur suhject acquired his education in a |irimi- 
live log st'lioolhouse and lie was reared amid the 
wild scenes of frontier life, ex|ieriencing all the 
hardships and trials which fall to the hit of the 
pioneer. lie wa.s in his sixth year when hi.s father 
died, Imt his mother carefully reared her children. 
provitliiiiT for them as liest she could. .M the aire 
of fifteen, he liegan working hv the iiionlh as a 
farm hand and was thus employed until he had 
altaiiu'd his majority, when he started out in life 
for himself. In 1h17. he rciiteri a farm, and .'iflcr 
two years purchased his present farm vu section 
111, Kllin<;t<in Township, where he has made his 
home almost continuously since. With ohanicter- 
istic energy, he iK-gan clearing the land, and soon 
acre after acie was under the plow and the rich 
an<l fertile lields were made to yield to him a gold- 
en tnliiite. In IH.'i."). he entered intf) partnership 
with .losepli Kirtpatrick, and eslalilished the third 
st<ire in Camp Point, which town had just l)een 
founded. Imt in the s|iring of IK.'(7 sold out and 
returned to his farm. 

On the 19th of Decemlicr. 1H17. .Mr. .\neals 
married KImira Frost, a native of Athens County, 
( )hio, liorii .Mine .J, 1M27. With her parents, she 
came to Illinois in 183.'). Tlie\ have three chil- 
dren: Klla. wife of Sultzer Kiiotts, of Oiegon: 
Willie K.. who is married and resides on an ad- 
joining farm: and .Minnie !•;.. wife of Thomas 
Dempsey. a residi'Ut farmer of Klliiii;loii Town- 

1 11 politics, Mr. Aneals is n I{e]>ulilicnn. and has 
taken (piite an active part in political affairs. Foi 
eleven yeai-s he has served as .Iiislice of the I'eace. 
an<I fin- three t*rms was Supervisor. The prompt 
and alile manner in which he dischurj'ed his duties 

led to hi:i re-election and won him the commenda- 
tion of all concerned. For many years, he and 
hib estiinalile wife have hecii numlx-rsof the .Meth- 
odist Kpiscopal Church. .Mr. .Viieals is one of the 
highly respectc<l gentlciiien aiid valued citizens of 
this commiinitv. 

GKC)I{(;K I). KIDDI.K. a proiuinent and en- 
terprising young farmer, who resides in 
Keene Townshi|), was liorn in this township, 
March 2«, IHCl. IIi,s grandfather. (Jeorge I). 
Hiddlc, was a native of Kentucky, and his father, 
who liore the same name as the grandfather, was 
liorn in Pendleton County, Ky., in 1H22. At an 
early day, he came to Adams County, III., locating 
in Keene Township in IHfil. He i>ureha.sed a 
partially improved tract of land on .section 10. 
and carried on farming until IHtii I. when he crossed 
the plains lo California for his health, .\fler two 
years s))ent on the Pacific slope, he returned home, 
and when the late war liroke <iut he enlisted in 
the Sixty-tifth Illinois Infantry, serving until its 
close, when he was honoralily discharged. In this 
community he held a numlier of local ollU-es and 
wa.s a prominent and intluentini citizen. He was 
long a meinher of the Christian Church, and set ved 
;i> <leacon for many years. He was a imlile. whole- 
souled ni.nn. kind-heart«d, generou> and true, and 
had the respect <if all with whom lie came in con- 
tact. In is41.lie married Klmirar \arnier.a native 
of this State, and a daughter of .\<lin and .lane .M. 
(Crawford) \'arnier. early settlers of .\dams 
County. Of their children, live sons and three 
daughters are yet living. Three are deceased. 

We now take up the personal history of our 
subject, who has spent almo>t his entire life in the 
rounty of his nativity. His earlx' education, 
acipiired in the district schools, was supplemented 
liy study in the pulilic scIkmiIs of Loraine. In the 
spring of 1882, he embarked in the hardware busi- 
ness in l.oraine. but after nine months >obl out; in 



the spring of 1883, he visited the Pacific slope, 
spending several montlis in California. Since his 
return, he has devoted iiis time and attention ex- 
clusively to farming. He is a practical and pro- 
gressive agriculturist, .and the neat appearance of 
the place indicates his tlirift and enterprise. 

On the 13th of January, 1892, Mr. Kiddle led 
to the marriage altar, Miss Lizzie L. Tittle, daugh- 
ter of A. G. Tittle, a resident farmer of Honey Creek 
Township. The young couple are well and favor- 
ably know in this community. 

In connection with his brother, Mr. Riddle owns 
and operates two hundred and ninet}' acres of 
land on sections 15 and 1(5, Keene Township. Since 
attaining his niajorit3', he has been a stalwart sup- 
porter of the Repul)lican party, and is quite promi- 
nent in its circles. He has served for two years as 
Collector; held the office of Assessor one year, and 
is now the efficient Supervisor of his township. 
The prompt and faithful manner in which he dis- 
charged his duties brings him high commenda- 
tion. He has the confidence and regard of all, and 
is a worthy representative of an honored pioneer 



\»r^RANCIS M. STUMP. An honorable posi- 
■S^; lion among the men to whom Adams 
/li County is indebted for its high state of de- 

velopment is held by Mr. Stump, who resides on 
section 3, Houston Township. The present condi- 
tion of his farm displays his ability in agricultural 
affairs, and a short conversation with him shows 
that he is much more than a tiller of the soil. Tlie 
father of our subject was' Henry Stump, who was 
born in Pennsylvania, in 1796. The remote an- 
cestors of our subject were Germans, but his 
grandfather emigrated from Pennsj'lvania to Cler- 
mont Count}', Ohio, when Henry, our subject's 
father, was a lad, and there the latter was reared. 
In 1821, Henrj' started Westward and paused first 
in Sangamon Count}-, 111., where he remained a 
short time, and then went into Morgan County, 
where he bought land and engaged in farming for 

several years. In February, 1834, lie came to 
Adains County, and settled on section 19, in Hous- 
ton Township. He was one of the first to settle 
on the " Big Neck " jjrairic, but the log cabin was 
snug, game plentiful and no one suffered. He 
did not enjoy hunting as a pastime, but as a means 
of livelihood it assumed another asiject. His first 
visit to this county was made on horseback and 
was of short duration. When he returned to 
Ohio, he married Phtebe Osborne, of that State, 
and she became the mother of our subject. She 
died at the age of about fifty-eight years, a de- 
voted member of the Methodist Episcopal Church. 
Henry Stump died here in IHfii;, in his seventy- 
first year. 

The subject of this sketch is the lifth of six chil- 
dren boin to his parents, four of whom are still liv- 
ing. He attended the log schoolhouse which every 
pioneer district hastened to provide, and sat upon 
the uncomfortable slab seats, which the children 
of the present day would look upon with wonder 
and dismay. The fireplace was of mud and, it is to 
be feared, often did not do its duty in keeping 
warm the poor little lads and lasses, who had 
trudged miles through the snow to gain what 
knowledge was possible in the short winter terms- 
Mr. Stump remained at home until he was 
twenty-three years of age, sometimes doing a little 
threshing through the county, but never working 
from home by the month. .Vfter his marriage, he 
purchased land in Chili Township, in Hancock 
County, and followed farming there, but in 1862 
he returned to Houston Townshi|), and settled on 
the old homestead, and has farmed here ever since. 
He has built a substantial frame house and made 
other improvements. 

Our subject was married, .Inly 1, 18.J8, to Miss 
Hannah V. Mock, a native of Bourbon County, 
Ky. She is the daughter of Charles and Sarah 
.S. Mock, who came to Illinois and located in Han- 
cock County, in Augusta Township, where they 
carried on farming. There the father died, but 
the mother is still living. Mrs. Stump is one of 
five children, all of whom are still living. 

These worthy representatives of Adams County 
pioneers have only two children, but these promise 
to be as highly respected as their honored jiarents. 




("linrles II. is niarriod .niid is sotllf<l on a fanii in 
tills tn\vnslii|i. :in<l Ills lirotlior. (u'luye 1'., is .-i 
fannt'i- in (Jjlincr 'riiwnslii|>. 

Mr. Simnp is ii vt-rv prtuiiincnl I >fm<>ci:it nf tliis 
M'ctiiMi. .and lin.s friMiiicnllv rcpiosciiU'(i U\> fcl- 
luw-citizons in their con vcntions. lU- is nincli in- 
terested in iMiproveint-nts, and is now serving his 
tliinl term a- Hoad Conunissioner. an<l lias served 
two terms as Supervisor. 

This genllenian is the ownei- of one lmii<lre(l 
and twenty aeres of line land, and has >;lven 
each of his sons eiiiht.v acres, lie has done some 
eAltle-raisiiig, l)iit not in late years. He is a self- 
mad<' man. and is a kind and hospitnhle nei^lilxir. 
It is needless tosay that his n^piitalion lliroiiirhont 
the eounty is that of a jnst and intelligent citizen. 


^ \t ^- PKNFIKI.l). "Death loves a shininir 
'/' I mark," and in t.akinjj awa_v the {;entlenian 
\;5>l^ whose name appears at the head of this 
sketch the county has lieen deprived of a man 
who hail acquired a wide reputation, not only for 
mental acumen in commercial affairs and business 
life. Iiut for his unl>ia>ed .^nd unprejudiced views 
on all matters of moment, tojjether with ;;enerons. 
liosi>itable and charitable instincts. He was Ixirn 
in Harpersfield. Delaware Ctiiinty. N. V.. .Iiiiie 22. 
1«22, u son of David and Hoadice.n I'entield. an<l 
a grandson of Peter Penfield. 

v. S. Peiitield spent his boyhood in the town 
of his birth, but at the age of sixteen years, 
or in IH.iH. he came with his parents to l^nincy, 
111., wlieie he accepted a position as clerk in 
a mercantile house, in which he prudently re- 
inained until he had aci|uii'cd a thorough knowl-- 
edge of the business and its reiiuirenient,--. Then 
opening an establishment of liisown.he conducted 
this with snbstantial results for a number of 
years. Following this, he engaged in milling in 
partnership with .lohn 15. Brown, who is now de- 
ceased, and with him erected the Star Mills; they 
formerly sUjod near the corner of Front ami Spring 

.Streets, but were removed to give way to the Chi- 
cago, IJnrlington ,V (^•nincy Hnilroad depot yar<ls. 
Following this. Mi. Peiilield wa.> called to accept the 
responsible position of Cashier of the First National 
Hank of (^biincy. which position he tilled in a most 
pin i.»e worthy niaiiner until his <leath. He was a 
111:111 possessed of rare business i|nftlilications ami 
was devotion itself to the responsible duties of 
tlii> position. While here, he made a reputation 
for himself .-is a skilled and shrewd linancier, anil 
won the coiilidence and respect of every citizen of 
• ^iiiiicy. He slmwed a vast amount of tact in the 
management of his affairs, while as a banker he 
showed so much sound judgment that to his elli- 
cieiicy wa^ largely due the prosjierity of the bank 
with whieli he connected. 

Politically, he was a stanch Republican, and. so- 
cially, was a memlK-r of the Royal .\rcaniim and 
the I nde|)endent Order of Odd Fellows. I )n the 
Tth of April. lHr,:(, Mr. Penlield married Miss 
.Vniaiiila Ward, of (^uincy, a daughter of Fber and 
Sarah W;iid, the former of whom was lioni in 
Massacliusett.s. He was a Oovernnienl Inspector of 
.\rii):« dining the Revolutionary' War. a position 
held for several years, and discharged the duties con- 
nei'ted therewith for some time at A'alley Forge, lb- 
was a patentee of gun barrels, in .Ma?sachiisetts, 
which were used during the war with ( Ireat Hritain. 
His wife was born in Connecticut, and was of 
sturdy and upright (iermaii ancestry, his ancestors 
having been natives of the Isle of Krin. The 
■rreat-giandfather of Mrs. Penlield was a (ierniaii 
nobleman by the name of Cable. 

To U. .S. Penfield .'111(1 wife a family of six chil- 
dren was born: .Miiry K.; Charles, who is a suc- 
ce-isful coal-oil merchant of t^nincy; Fannie II.. at 
home; .liilia; .loiinie, wife of K. P. Fassett, tif Chi- 
cago, and Iri. wlici is still in school. Mr. I'enfield 
was, as is his widow, !i devoted member of the 
Congregational (liiiicli. Personally and in every 
private relation and duty of life, too much 
can not be said in his praise. Liberal, gj'iieroiis 
and high-minded, he wa> the life of siK-ial inter- 
course and the soul of true honor and nnlHiiinded 
greatness of heart. He had the instincts and 
training of a true gentleman, which he manifested 
in hisdailv walk and conversation, and while he 



was not aggressive in opinion, nor disposed to be 
disputatious, yet lie had most emphatically a "mind 
of his own," with the moral courage to express it 
when occasion so demanded. His life was full of 
kind deeds, and it can be trul\- said of him that 
lie never violated a friendship nor forgot a kind 
action done him. He was of the material of which 
model citizens are made, and possessed that moral 
and personal integrity and clear, well-lialanced, 
active intelligence which adorn the private station 
and make and keep the public service ))ure. 

' MONROE RH^ENBERICK, Pension Agent 
and Attorne}' at t^uiney. 111., like many of 
tlie other representative citizens of the 
' county, is a native of the Keystone State, 
born in Clarion, Clarion County, on April 30, 
1842. His father, William Rifenberick, as well as 
his grandfather, Richard Rifenberick, weie natives 
of New .Jersey and descendants of German ances- 
tors, the great-grandfather having emigrated from 
the Fatherland to New Jersey at a very early date. 
The grandfather was a successful tiller of the soil, 
and followed that occupation in his native State 
for many >ears. When his son William was four- 
teen years of age, he removed to Clarion, Pa., and 
there passed the remainder of his days. 

The father of our subject became familiar with 
the arduous duties of the farm at an earlv age, but 
after reaching mature years he embarked in mer- 
chandising at Greenville, where he carried on a 
very large and successful business. After contin- 
uing this for several ^ears, he located on a farm of 
one hundred and sixty acres near that city, and 
there his death occurred on May 14, 1803. In 
politics, he was an ardent Democrat, and held a 
number of township offices. In his religious 
views, he was allied with the Methodists. He mar- 
ried Miss Margaret Ralston, a native of Greensburg, 
Westmoreland County, Pa., and the daughter of 
William Ralston, who was a native of the Green 
Isle of Erin, and who settled on a farm five miles 

out of Greensburg, Pa., where lie became well 
known as one of the most prominent farmers. He 
was an elder in the Presbyterian Church. Mrs. 
Rifenberick died in Penns3lvania, on the 1st of 
December, 1869. One child besides our subject 
was born to them — Louisa, who married William 
II. Lane, and now resides near Peoria, III. 

Like the average farmer boy, our subject's 
youthful days were passed between the handles of 
a plow and in the district school. Later, he en- 
tered Covode Academy and there remained until 
August 12, 1864. when he threw aside his books 
and shouldered his musket. He volunteered in 
Company C, Two Hundred and Sixth Pennsyl- 
vania Infantry, and sent right to the front. 
He remained in Richmond, \a., until the fall of 
that 3'ear, was on guard, and was honorably dis- 
charged on .Tune 26, 1865, at that place. AVheii 
before Richmond he received a Hesh wound in the 
right hand, but was never off dutj'. After return- 
ing to Pennsylvania he entered the academy 
again and was graduated in the fall of 1866. After 
this he began wielding the ferrule in the High 
School at Covode, Pa., and later taught for two 
years at Punxsutawney, where he read medicine 
for one year with Dr. W. A. Means. In the fall 
of 187(1, he came to IMooraington. taught two 
years in Peoria County, and then returned to 
Clarion, Pa., where he studied law under David 
Lawson for eighteen months. His funds getting 
low, he went to ISIcLean County, where he taught 
school for twelve years, being Principal of the 
Selma Schools three years of that time. 

In 1883, Mr. Rifenberick had his third stroke of 
paralysis and for thirteen months could not walk. 
After this he was able to be around some but had 
not entirely recovered. In May, 1887, he came 
to the Soldiers' Home, and was there for eighteen 
months, but as soon as able he located in (Juincy. 
While in the Home, he became familiar with the 
pension business and was registered as Attorney in 
the Department of the Interior. On January 3(1, 
1889, he opened his office and presented over 
one thousand two hundred claims, only a few be- 
ing rejected. He has been veiy successful in this 
business and devotes his entire attention to it. He 
is one of the most successful pension-claim attor- 



lU'Vs ill tlir Wot. iuul .ill kiiuis of notary wmk arc 
t'xt'ciilcd :iii(| |i('iisi(>ii vducluTS c-orioctly iiiaiU' 


On FuhriiaiT 12, 18K;i, our .•*iil)jfct «ns iiiHrricd 
to Miss Kva K. Iliivi-s. a nalivi-of Loxmjitun, 111., 
ami a vcrv siifccssfiil sfliool tt'iii'lioi'. Ilur di-atli 
i>c('un'<-<l .liiiic li'i. |««;5. Mr. Kifenhcrick's second 
nianiam' iici-urrcd on .liilv 2."i, IM'.Ml. to Mrs. Li/./ic 
A. (C'raiir) Tlionijison. who was liorn at Ln ( iraiiijo, 
M". Ili-r jiarcnt.s wure .lolin and Cliodoler 
CiHit,'. .-ind till- niotiicr resides in t^uincy at the 
present liiiii-. lly lier first marriage Mrs. Hifen- 
l>eriek became the mother of three children, viz.: 
Ora 1.., Iiook-kee|u-r in .an olliee; Thomas ('. and 
I'ansy Kva. ( lur siilijeet adopted the last-named 
and her name was changed to Uifenberiek. Our 
subject is a mcmlier of the Independent ( )rder 
of Odd Fellows, and also a niemlier of 
the .lolin Wood I'ost No. yC. (i. A. K.. of 
• ^uinoy. lie holds memliership in the Presbyter- 
ian C'hurcli. In jiolitics he upholds the principles 
of the Republican party, and is deeply interested 
in all its movements, lie has alllliated with this 
party since the war. While a resident of .MclA'an 
County, he was a delegate to the c-ounty and Slate 
conventions, ami when twenty-three years of age, 
he was elected .Viiditor of Clarion County, Pa., 
serving in that capacity in a creditable and satis- 
factory maimer for one year. lie a very 
pleasant home in Quinev. which is preside<l over 
l)y his accomplished and refined wife, a lady 
possessed of nuicli more than the average intelli- 


FliA.NK Ali.Mol.l). The encour.agenient ;if- 
fordeil those who are struggling to aci|uirc 
a home by the history of others who have 
p.issed through similar trials and come otf con- 
■ lueroi- can scarcely- be estimated. We are there- 
fore pleased to incorporate in this volume the biog- 
raphy of an honored resident of Adams County, 
who, from the condition of a poor young man,ha^ 
become the owner of a good properlv. and from a 

standing of no iniporttnce lia^ grown lobe inlluen- 
lial an<1 promineiil. The home farm of Mr. 
.\rmold lompiises one hundred and forty-seven 
a<'res on .sections in .and l."i. Paysijii Towiisliip, and 
the huildiiii.'s thereon are .second to none in the 
couiil\. The acre.-ige is carefully and intelligently 
cultivated, and our subject is recognized as one of 
the learling agriciiMniists in this section. 

A native of Pennsylvania, our subject was born 
in ^dik Coiiiily. in l«;!i<, and there grew to 
mature years, attending the district school and 
aiding his fathei- in the farm work. When rea<ly 
to begin his personal career, at the age of twenty- 
three years, he came to .\dams County, where he 
remained a twelvemonth, then went to Ogle 
County, where, in IHfil, he enlisted in the Second 
Light Artillery ami joined the main arm\- at 
N'itkslnirg. Remaining in that place until the close 
of hostilities, he returned to his native pl.nee and in 
the spring of IKtiti came the secfind time to Adams 
County, with whose interests he has since been 

In the fall of IMtJT. I'liiiik .\rmold wjus m.-irricd 
to Miss K.aehael W., daughter of Bracket Pottle, 
and after her decease in 1871, was married to Miss 
l\mily Scarborough. .Mrs. Arniold is the daughter 
of Daniel Scarborough, and by her union with our 
subject has become the mother of two children: 
Clarence S. and Nellie W. 

I'eter and Harb:ira (Lehman) .Vrmold, the par- 
ents of our subject, were natives of York 
County, Pa., where they reared a family of nine 
children, viz: .Mary, who married Martin Lau, of 
York County. Pa.; Rudolph, making his home 
in that county; Christian, who lives in Clark 
County, Mo.; Conrad, who is deceased; Lovica, 
who married .lohn Haines, of York County, Pa.; 
I-'rank. of this sketch, wjio is the next in order 
of birth: Peter. wIki makes his home in Lancaster 
County, Pa.; .losepli .\., who resiiies in Crecne 
County, this .Stale: ami Calvin, who li\cs in 

Mr. .\rmol(l is a man of exelleiit coimiKui-scnse, 
of sturdy principles and good habits, lie is a 
stirring, active man, who has a souml, practical 
knowledge of his calling, which he carries on 
under g 1 business methods. He is public- 



spirited and does all that he can to forward the 
best interests of his township and county-. He 
and his wife are sincere Cliristians and devoted 
members of the Congregational Church. He is 
not interested in politics other than to cast a 
straight Democratic vote during elections, but as a 
shrewd, intelligent business man, occupies a high 
place among the agriculturists of Payson Town- 



jf?.SAAC R. SUMMERS, au euteri)rising young 
i farmer residing on section 12, Riverside Town- 
|1^ ship, has the honor of being a native of this 
county. He was born on the Summers homestead, 
in Ellington Township, August 2, 1857, and is the 
third child in a family of eight children, whose 
parents were Richard and Louisa (Triplett) Sum- 
mers. His father was born near Lexington, Ivy., 
May 12, 1818, and his mother is a native of Pike 
County, Mo. The paternal grandfather, emigrat- 
ing from Delaware, became a pioneer settler of 
Kentucky. He removed to Adams County- in 
1834, locating in Melrose Township, among its 
first settlers. The father of our sul)jeot purchased 
land in what is now Riverside Township about 
1856, and the farm wiiieli he there developed and 
improved he made his home until his death, which 
occurred August .31, 1889. He was a successful 
farmer and became well-tf)-do, and was honored 
with a number of local ofttces. His widow still 
survives him and is yet living on the old homestead. 
In the usual manner of farmer lads, our subject 
spent the days of his boyhood and youth. His 
, early education, acquired in the district schools, 
was supplemented by a course in the Gem City 
Business College, of (Juincj-. On attaining his 
majority, he started out to earn his own livelihood 
and has made farming his life occupation. He 
engaged in the operation of the home farm until 
1889, when he located on his present farm. He 
now owns and operates forty acres of valuable land 
oil section 12, Riverside Township. The tract is 

under a high state of cultivation, and the well- 
tilled fields and many improvements upon the 
place indicate the thrift and enterprise of the owner. 
On the 15th of September, 1889, Mr. Summers 
led to the marriage altar Miss Carrie Howsley, a 
native of Leavenworth, Kan., and a daughter of 
R. H. and Belle Howsley, both of whom were born 
in Kentucky. Her father was a lawyer by pro- 
fession, and for a time engaged in practice in 
Leavenworth, after which he located on a farm in 
Kansas. He now makes his home in Leavenworth, 
and is interested in mining. Mrs. Summers was 
educated in the schools of her native cit}' and in 
Cliaddock College, of Quincy. Three children 
grace this union, Florence G., .lake and an infant. 
In politics, Mr. Summers is a Republican and has 
filled the office of Road Commissioner. He is 
recognized as one of the prosperous and progres- 
sive young farmers of Riverside Township, and is 
an intelligent, genial youngman. Both he and his 
wife are popular, and rank high in social circles 

^OHN GRAHAM, M. D. Among the promi- 
nent physicians of Adams County is the 
subject of this sketch, who is recognized as 
a man of superior attainments and one 
well calculated to add fresh laurels to the jirofes- 
sion to which he devotes his time and talent. His 
inactice is both extensive and lucrative, and his 
patients honor and resiiect him as only those are 
regarded who are the fortunate possessors of some 
means of benefiting and imiiroving the condition 
of their fellow-men. His practice lies cliietly in 
and about Plainville, where he is at present resid- 

Born in County Donegal, Ireland, our subject 
grew to mature years in the Emerald Isle, where 
he received a thorough and liberal education. In 
1868, desiring to better his fortune, he emigrated 
alone to America, and, locating in Kentucky, 
taught school in Falmouth and other i)laces for 




POHTU.MT AM) P.K )( : K'A Tl l'( Al. I!i:(( >I{I>. 


Steven vcars. IK-t«rinining to follow llu- life oc- 
(Mi|intioii of a plivsii-iiiii, lie I'lilercd tlio nu'difiil 
follei;e nt ('iiu-iiiiiiiti in 1X77, mid aflcr Ins 
grndiiation, iiniiu'diiitelv lK->;nii piai-tii-o in tlii> 
|ilnci\ wlioiv lie has siiuv icsiclod. \\c i> often 
i-alli'd upon to visit patient- tliroiiglionl tlii.- and 
I'ike Counties, and the •iratifyinjr results which 
have nowned the effoils of his life are the more 
nolieealile and praiseworthy because of the few 
opportunities afforded him in the earlier days for 
that traiiiini; and other help that are Mjmetimes 
considered ahsohitely iiidispensalile as a start in 
life, lie is one of that class of whom many 
Worthy representatives are found in the Wot. and 
who aie perhaps liest desijjnaled liy t\\r term of 

.lohn and .lane ( Park) (irahani. the parents of our 
subject, were natives of Si-otland. They reared a 
lar>;e family of children, of whom two sons are en- 
fjai;ed in liusine>s in C'liieairo, and two mhis and a 
daufjhter still reside in Ireland. The Dtxtorisa 
memlx'r of the I'rotestant Kpiseopal C'liiiirh, to- 
ward the support of which he is a liberal and 
cheerful contributor. I'olitically, he is a Prohibi- 
tionist, and is an untirin<; worker in the ranks of 
the 'remperance party. Amid all his toil, he still 
liinls time for the study of his profession, keeping 
himself apace with the practical deUiils in the im- 
provements of medicine, ."ind ranks .'iiiioiiir the 
Ik-VsI physicians of the county. 


f— yUKDKKKK W. Mi;.Mvi:. The character 
U-^ of a people i> (li>played in their dwellings. 
1^ He they educated or ignorant, lesthetic or 

depraved, elevated or di-b.-vsed, the beauty or ugli- 
ness of their .■ircliit<><-ture is a siu'e criterion by 
which to judge the public titste. No city of its 
size in the entire country can bu.iijt of so many 
liaiidsoiiic editices for the home life of its people 
as does i^uincy. Its broail .•iveniies and iKuilevards 
are lined with stately resiliences, constructed ac- 
cording U> nioderi) styles of architecture in brick 

stone and wood. Many of its grand buildings 
would do credit to the metropolis of the New 
World, and few cities of larger population can 
boast of a more extended succession of ■.nagnilicent 
hoiiso than .-ire found along its >ha<led street.-. 

Here we liiid ma.-sive piles of brick and terra 
colta,and mansions made of stone from hoinei|u:ir- 
ries, wliieli are cpiite abundant. 'riie>e buildings 
arc the embodiment of the ideas of the architect 
and builder,.s<i moditiedas to conform to individual 
taste, formed by careful study of all styles and de- 
signs. The efforts of many minds and hands have 
contributed to the general appearance of 
the homes of the (ieni City of the West, but it is 
sjife to say that no man is entitled to a greater 
credit than the gentleman whose name introduces 
this -ketch. With a natural mind the con- 
templation of mechanical designs, he early de- 
veloped a taste for designing and building, and as 
contractor and builder has attained a iiaiiie second 
to none in the city, or, indeed, in this part of 

The stone-works, of which Mr. Menke is one of 
the proprietors, are the most extensive in Western 
Illinois, and are locat'Cd near the banks of the 
Mississippi Kiver. adjacent to the tracks of the 
Chicago, IJurlington A- (^uincy Kailroad. .Mr. 
Menke slii|is stone from the different <|uarrics in 
various .States to his yard, where it is sawed 
an<i dressed lor building purpose.*, lie is one of 
the heaviest contractors of Western Illinois, and 
has in his employ constantly about one hundred 
and sixty men. Many of the line.-t and most 
substiintial stores, residences and public buildings 
of f^uincy have been crectt'd under his direct pt-r- 
sonal supervision, and stand as monuments to his 
al)ility and t«ste. 

Mr. Menke is a native of Prussiti. and wjus born 
in Westphalia, April 21, 1k:!2. lie is the eldest 
of six children born to Ilernwiii II. and llannnh 
(Kicksick) Menke, his father following the occu- 
pation of farmer and veterinary surgeon. Freder- 
ick W., was educated in his native country, and 
at the age of fifteen years left s<-liooi in order to 
give his entire time to as.sisting his father on the 
farm. In 18.')2, he sailed for America, landing in 
New Orleans, and |)roceeding theiu-e |o t^uiiicy, 



where he learned the trade of a stone cutter, and 
was thus engaged until 1863. He then commenced 
to operate as ;i contractor and builder, and his 
skilled workmanship brougiit him the confidence 
of the people as well as a lai'ge business. 

In 1886, our subject organized the F. W. Menke 
Stone A' Lime Company, of whicli he was appointed 
President, and still retains the position. In 1874, 
he was chosen Vice-president of the Building & 
Homestead Association and is also serving as a 
director in the same. He is one of the thorough- 
going, enterprising business men of Quincy, and 
hisenergj' and ability have contriljuted effectively 
to the advancement of the city. In politics, he is 
a Repulilican, stanch and true to the principles of 
the party. He is now (1892) one of the Republican 
Presidential Electors-at-largc for the State of 
Illinois. For twelve years he served as Alderman 
of the Fourth Ward, and in 1892 was elected a 
member of the Board of Supervisors for a term of 
two years. In this position, as elsewhere, he is 
working successfully for the best interests of the 
jieople, and his labors entitle him to grateful 

The marriage of Mr. Menke occurred in October, 
1855, and united him with Miss Louisa Wulfmever, 
an accomplished lady residing in (^iiincy and the 
daughter of Henry Wulfmeyer. They are the 
parents of six children, namely: Amelia, widow of 
Frank Hagenbruch; William O.; Edward II.; John 
H.; Anna, wife of Edward Ruff, and Fred C. Their 
home, at Na .300 South Twelfth Street, is one of 
the attractive residences of the city. 


RANCIS J. GUTHKIIKIE well deserves re- 
presentation in this volume, for he is a 
leading farmer and prominent citizen, as 
well as an early settler of the county. He now re- 
sides on section 8, Concord Township. He was 
born in Virginia, May 23, 1819, and is descended 
from good old Revolutionary stock, his mal-ernal 
grandfather having seryed in the War for Inde- 

pendence. His parents, J. F. and Elizabeth Guth- 
ridge, were also natives of the Old Dominion. 
Unto them was born a family of three sons and 
one daugiiter: Joseph, born in 1821, married Miss 
INIaiia Gabad, and in 1862 enlisted for the late 
war, serving until its close. John, born in 1829, 
married Miss Nancy Potter, and was also in the 
AVar for the Union from 1862 until its close. 
His death occurred in 1868. Elizabeth, born in 
1836, died in 1866. 

We now take up the personal history of our 
subject. His educational advantages were meagre. 
In early boyhood, he attended the old subscrip- 
tion schools of Virginia and Kentucky, but the 
greater part of the time he worked upon the home 
farm, and to his father gave the benefit of his la- 
bors until twenty-five years of age. Wishing to 
try his fortune in the West, he then left home and 
emigrated to Adams County, 111., casting in his lot 
with its early settlers. He cut and split rails for' 
a time, and in that way secured the money with 
which to |)urcliasc a forty-acre tract of land. 
Upon the wild pr.iirie not a furrow had been 
turned or an improvement made, but he placed it 
under a high state of cultivation, and as his finan- 
cial resources were increased, he made additional 
purchases, and is now the owner of one hundred 
and thirty -seven acres of rich land, valued at iTiO 
per acre. His business career has been one of 
prosperity, and he has acquired a lnnd»onie com- 
petence as the fruit of his labors. 

In 1858, Mr. (iiithridge married Miss Diana 
Seoggan, who was born in 1835, and they are 
the parents of five children: Winfleld Scott, born 
in Adams County in 1861, is now a farmer of 
Nebraska; Walter, born in 1864, is engaged in 
school teaching in Iowa; Eliza Jane, horn in 1866, 
is a successful school teacher; Alice, born in 1868, 
and Cla3', born in 1878, are still under the pa- 
rental roof. The children were all i)rovided with 
good educational advantages, and other members 
of the fMinily arc graduates of the Clayton High 

For thirty-six years, Mr. (uitliridge has held 
membership with llic Haptist Church, and for a 
long time served as Trustee. He is one of the 
charter ineuibcfs of Clayton Lodge No, 100, 1. O, 



< ). F.. and in politics is a suppoi'ter of the Ro- 
piililionn partv. lie is niniilioicd !iiiioii<r the early 
settlers of Adams Countv. has witnessed almost its 
entire growtli, has aided in it.s development, and 
home his share in its nplmildiiitr. In the lon^ 
vears wliieh have passed, lie has proved himself a 
valuahlc citizen, and we lake pleasure in present- 
ing' to our reatlers the life reeord of tliis honored 

'iii^S^ ^ H ^. iC^^l^ 

^' WILLIAM MClKlLSON. One of the 
wealthiest and most (ironiinent farmers of 
I'rsa 'I'owiisliip is the orij^inal of onr no- 
' tiec. His fallier was .lolin Nicholson, who a native of Falmouth. Ky., and was liorii in 
IHl 1, and lived an ajirieultural life lie came to 
Illinois when a younfr man and settled in t^uinev 
f<M- a time ami then came U> this place, wheie he 
died, March :?,l8'.t(l. His lirst wife was Miss Fletcher, 
to whom he was married in Illinois, and she left 
one child, now deceased. His second wife was 
Hester Orr. She died .lune IC, 1»<SI. Onr subject 
is the eldest son of ten children liorn to this mar- 
riage. He was horn on this farm. Dceemher li, 
IS49, and was reared on the place to understand 
farm work, and remained at home until he mad»- 
a home for himself. 

Mr. Nicholson was married in l)<8ii, to .Miss 
Idealia King. lM)rn October 2, 18(j;{. She was the 
daughter of William King, a native of Kentucky, 
born April 11, IHIL He came to Illinois in lH;i(l, 
.•I very [)oor man. but when he died. November II, 
1»7H, he was one of the wealthiest nuMi in this sec- 
tion. He was lirst married to Saliiia Edgerton, a 
native of Connecticut, and by that mairi.Hge there 
were four children, but all arc deceased. His sec- 
on<l wife was l-Miza ( iallamoer, the niother of Mrs. 
Nicholson, born in North Carolina, Februai\ 1 I. 
I«2(i. She died February 1.'., IHT'.I. 

Mr. and .Mrs. Nicholson are the parents of four 
children, only two of whom are now livin;:. Iili 
Opal was Ijorii August 27. ixt*l. and .lessie ICthel, 

August l.S, 188.3. The family an- memlMrs of the 
Christian Church at I'rsa and arc among the most 
important people in the neighborhood. Mr. Nich- 
olson ha,s been Deacon and Trustee of the church, 
and the family takes an active part in the work of 
the Sunday-school. Our subject has given his 
name and inlliience to the MiLsonic order and is 
also a member of the .Modern Woodmen. He has 
held the otlice of .School 'I'rustee for four years. In 
liis" political opinion.*, he is a DeiniK-rat. but <loes 
not take iiiiy active part in the agitating ipiestions 
of the day. being satisfied to perforin his duty. 

.Mr. Nicholson has one hundred and forty acres 
of land miller cultivation. In 1888. lie built his 
fine resilience at a cost of ?2,2.')n. and in IH«7 he 
was sfi iiiifortiin.'ile as to have a larger one con- 
sumed by lire. He also owns two tine business 
blocks in <^iiiucy. .Vfter marriage, he lirst lived 
on section 21. in Mendou Township, for three years. 
It was the farm owned by .Vlexander Fra/ier. and 
the house was built by Mr. Nicholson. He then 
moved to Kirksville and was there about nine 
months, and then, in October, 1KX.">, he moved to 
his present farm. He has lost two houses on this 
farm bv fire. 



the grand rcprcsentjitives of Christian man- 
liofid — the ministers of the (iospel — may 
be mentioned Rev. William Ilallerberg. who 
is one of the earnest. ( iod-feariiig. and self-sacri- 
licing .servants of the church, and is the present 
pastor of St. .lacobi"s (ierman Kvangelical Luther- 
an Church of <^nincy. 111. He was born in 
llerford. (lerinany. March IM. iM.tT. ami i.s the 
oiih survivor of a family of ten I'hildren born to 
William and Margaret (Ilaiiptman) Ilallerberg. 
The subject t»f this sketch spent his boyhood in ller- 
ford. and up to the ai^'e of eij;hteen yeai-s was 
ail attendant of the common schools, but at the end 
of thai time he entered a private school, where he 
pui-sued his studies with diligence for two years 



longer. The following seven j'ears were spent at 
college in Herinansburg, and from tliis institution 
he was graduated in 1867. From the beginning of 
his college career, he applied himself closely to his 
studies, and was noted for his diligence, his 
industry, and his great perseverance in whatever 
he undertook, characteristics which lie appears to 
have carried with him to the present. 

In 1867, he came to America, landed at New 
York City, thence to St. Louis. Mo., and took 
charge of a church in Central Township, St. Louis 
County, v/here he remained until 1870, his next 
location being in Yorkville, Kendall County, 111. 
In September, 1873, he received a call to Quincy, 
and here has since had charge of St. Jacobi's Church, 
and [larlicipates actively in every movement cal- 
culated to promote the interests and extend the 
usefulness of the church organization to which 
he is devotedly attached. As a minister of the 
Gospel, Mr. Ilallerberg has, combined with logical 
reasoning powers, a fair share of puliiit eloquence 
and impressiveness. He is an earnest and scholar- 
ly expounder of the truths of the Bible as he 
understands them, and of the doctrines of the 
church to whicli he belongs. A man of most pos- 
itive convictions, he never hesitates to attack 
what he looks iipon as an evil, however strongly 
it may be intrenched in pojuilar favor, or in what- 
ever guise it is foisted u|)on his attention. 

I5roadly charitable, he is nevertheless pro- 
nounced in his views, tf) which he gives expiession 
in no uncertain or ambiguous terms whenever oc- 
casion demands it. He is clear and concise in his 
statements, and his reasons for his convictions are 
always well defined and plausible. He has always 
been a believer in the theory that, .aside from reliev- 
ing immediate necessities in cases of cliarity, the 
best kind of aid which can be extended to those in 
need of assistance is that which enables them to 
help themselves, and he acts largely upon this 

On the 1th of .lune, 1868, Mr. Ilallerberg was 
married to Miss Bettie Klinsing, of Hanover, 
Germany, and the result of this marriage has 
been a family of ten children, seven of whom 
are living. Tliey are liright and intelligent and 
gives every promise of attaining an honorable and 

useful manhood and womanhood. Two of the 
sons are now studying for the ministry — 'William, 
a student at the Lutheran Theological Seminary, 
St. Louis, and Herman, at the Gymnasium at Mil- 
waukee. Mr. Ilallerberg's residence is at No. 723 8. 
Eighth Street, (Juincy, 111., where he is ever ready 
to give counsel or material assistance to those who 
are in want and need his assistance. 


y'^! B. STENBECK. who resides in the village 
of Columbus, is a native of New Jersey. 
„ „ He was born in 1813, and is a son of .lohn 
and Piuebe Stenbeck, who were of German descent. 
His father was one of the heroes of the Revolu- 
tionary War. The family' numbered six sons and 
one daughter, all of whom are deceased excej)! our 
subject and one brother, Charles M. This brother born in New Jersey, in 1811, married Miss 
Asenath Case, and now resides in Delaware, Ohio. 

We now take up the personal history of our sub- 
ject, who at an early day accompanied his parents 
to Ohio, and was educated in the schools of the 
Buckeye State. On starting out in life for him- 
self, he worked .as a farm hand for some time, and 
his first purchase of land consisted of a tract of 
eighty-eight and one-half acres in Ohio. Locating 
upon that farm, he engaged in its cultivation until 
1864, which year witnessed his arrival in Adams 
County. He here purch.ased one hundred and 
twenty acres at >;.'!() per acre, but after three years 
sold that farm and |iurcliased his [iresent farm of 
one hundred and Hfty-six acres in Columbus Town- 
ship. Tliis tract is under a higli state of cultiva- 
tion and well improved with good buildings. 

In 1838, Mr. Stenbeck led to the marriage altar 
Miss Rhoda Foster, of New Jersey, who was born 
in 1820, and they became tlie parents of seven 
children: Charlie E., burn in lf<3;i. married Sadie 
llloiidon, and is a resident farmer of ( J ilmer Town- 
ship; .John Henry, born in ()hio, enlisted in 1862 
as a member of Company I, Thirty-second Ohio 
lnfantr\-, and laid dnwii liis life on the altar of 

roUiKAIT AM) I!I()(;|{A1'II'(M. KIX'ORI). 


his country, dying in the service In IHGI; l.iu-v 
A., now ilocfasefl, wii.-. Imhii in (Hiin, nmt was t In- 
wilp (if Slim FosUt; Miirv K.. tin- wife »if (Mtirjic 
Kia^rs?. "'f Kiilton Countv. III.; CliMrlnlti' A. is the 
wife of C'liai'les C. Sparks, n resident of Coliunhus 
'rownsliip; Lewis W. niarrieil .lolianna Kelley and 
IS livinu' in liiitcliinson, Kan.; Sarah !•'. is the wife 
of .1. M. stcwiirt. who resides in Kiillon ( <miit\ . III. 
Mr. Stenlieok ca>t his tlrsl rrfsidentiai vote in 
18M(; for William llenrv Harri>ou. ami his last liai- 
lol was for the illustrious grandson of the Tippe- 
canoe hero, lion. IVujamiri Harrison. Since the 
organization of the He[>ul)lii'an party, he has U'cn 
one of its stanch supporters. He is ever found in 
the front rank of any enterprise calculated to prove 
of puhlic lienelit, and is a puMic-spii iteil and pro- 
gressive citizen. Ilis life lia.'« lieen well and worth- 
ily spent, and in his declinin;; years he can look 
hack over tlie past with no reirret for lost opi)or- 
tunities. He litis the liijfli regar<I of yoiinj,' and 
old. rich and poor, and it is with pleasure that we 
present this reconl of his life to our readers. 


Ir^KV. F.VTIIKK I'K'IKK M- < il KH. pastor of 
jbi\[ St. Peter's Catholic ( liurch. in <^nincy. is a 
ii^ 'Y man whose true piety and nohle example 
'' have worked wonders in the cliaiacter of 
his congregation since his residence in this city. 
Father Mc(;irr is a iiativeof tlie green Isle of Krin, 
lK)rn in County Tyrone, .June 2'J. IH.'J.T. lie was a 
regular attendant at the parochial school until lie 
had reached the age of lifteen yeai-s. at wliicli time 
he entered the College of Holy Cross, near Worces- 
ter, .Mass., where he pursued his studies until 

At that date, our suhject entered the Theological 
Seminary at Haltiinorc. hut in IM.'ili went from 
there to the (liiiiid Seminary at .Montreal, Canada, 
where he linishefl his stiiilies, In IHdI.liewas 
ordained l»y the Hishop .at .\ltoii. and liis 
Brat charge was at riltsfield, I'ike County, tills SUile, 


where he ministered to the spiritual wantjs of his 
fellow-men for sixteen in<jnths. From there he 
w.a.s called to (^iiiiicv. where he lia.s since lieen |>a.s- 
tor of St. I'eler's Church. Ilis present coiigrrga- 
lioii niiiiiliers three hundred and thirty families, 
.and many li.ave lieen the impiovements made hy 
this worthy ni.aii since he dilivered his tiist sermon 

The present church edilice was erected in li^7"J, 
al a cost of *l(io.(HHi, and a school is carried on in 
connect ion with the cliurcli. The interior of this 
line structure is in keeping with the means used 
to perft'ct it and Is very lieautifiil. The parsonage, 
too, is a very line liuilding, .and Itotli are an orna- 
ment to the city. Tlu> .Sunday-school is well at- 
tendc<l. and a decided interest is manifested by all 
in the good work of the church. Father McCJirr 
is one of the most exemplary and esteemed citizens. 
an<l Is ever on the alert to lussist in distre.s,s 
and to extend a helping hand to all worthy and 
laudaljle enterprises. 

Fathi-r .Mctiirr is a very convincing and mag- 
netic speaker and his earnebt efforts in Christian 
work have Ik-cii followed with excellent resnlt-s. 
lie imparts singular |>athos and animation to his 
delivery, and his elo(|uencc and earnestness have 
lieen the means of liringiiig many li.ack from the 
paths of sin. lie Is regarded with iinhounded 
confidence and affection by his congregation, and 
Ills native wit and naturally bright mind make 
him welcome wherever his footsteps are directed. 
Kind and .sympathellc, earnest and sincere, he it a 
man among a tli<Mis:ind. 

N#-f - * ' pi ' 

Ai;>llAl.l. U. Ml Uri;\ A.NT. An hoii- 
'\; orable position anxing the agriculturists 
of I'ayson Township is lield by the gentle- 
man above iiameil, who i> the fortunate of sixty acres of excellent land on section 
2(i, this county, and twenty-live acres in I'ikc 
County. TIk' well-tilled acres are devot<'il to 
raising nii.\e() croj)* and the orUinary ftuiouiil of 



stock, both grain and animals being of good qual- 
ity. A pleasant dwelling and various outbuildings, 
together with the well-kept orchards and gardens, 
indicate to the passer-by that the land is occupied 
by a family of enterprise and good judgment. 

Our subject was born in Savoy, Berkshire County, 
Mass., in 1818, and there resided until attaining to 
mature j-ears. He received such an education as 
the schools near his home afforded, and to that 
foundation he Ii.ts added by reading and observa- 
tion, his effort being to keep himself well informed 
regarding current events and topics of general in- 
terest. Young Stiu'tevant was reared to farm pur- 
suits and aided in working the home place until 
reaching his seventeenth year, when he engaged 
to work in the cotton factory a portion of the 
time until thirty years of age. 

Mr. Sturtevant was fortunate in his choice of a 
life companion, winning for his wife MissPliidelia 
Ketchum, a native of Dover, Cuyahoga County, 
Ohio, to whom he was united in 1838. Ten years 
later, they removed to this State, locating in Win- 
nebago Count}', where our subject followed the 
occupation of a farmer until 1856. Then going 
to Pike County, he erected and operated a saw- 
mill for about a year, when he traded that prop- 
erty for a farm of eighty-five acres. This he has 
developed and improved until it fields its owner 
a good income. In his political relations, our sub- 
ject votes with the Republican party, prior to the 
organization of which he was a Whig. Himself 
and wife have reared an adopted son, Charles W., 
who .served from the beginning to the close of the 
late Civil War in the One Hundred and Eighteenth 
Illinois Infantry. ^Nlr. Sturtevant has so conducted 
himself in his career as a fanner, citizen, husband 
and neighbor, as to win the respect and regard of 
all who know him. 

Daniel and Ilepsebah (liarney) Sturtevant, tiie 
parents of our subject, were natives of Massachu- 
setts, and reared a large family of thirteen children, 
three of whom are living in this State, viz.: 
Hepsie Ann, tlie widow of Alonzo Bowker, of 
Plainville; .Joshua B., who makes his home in Pike 
County, and Marietta, the widow of Laroney 
.lohnson, makes her home in Hull. The grand- 
father of our subject, Hobcrt Sturtevant, was n 

native of England, and, after coming to America, 
was married in the Bay State and became the father 
of six sons and one daughter, all but one of whom 
became heads of families. In social matters, our 
subject has been identified with the Masonic fra- 
ternit}' since 1858, in which order he has a high 
standing. He has never been an office-holder, 
finding sufficient occupation in his personal affairs, 
the quiet duties of citizenship and the pleasure of 
social and domestic life. 

-^^ ^ 

)}OTTLJKB SCHANZ, the ple.isant proi)rietor 
of the Schanz Brewery, formerly known as 
the AVashington Brewery, was born in 
Wurtemberg, German j-, October 19, 1845. His 
father, Johannes, and his grandfather, George, 
were both farmers of the same place, Reidengcr, 
where Gottlieb was born. Johannes lived and 
died in his native place, as did his wife, Chris- 
tine Relling, a native of the jjlace. They left 
three children, of whom our subject was the eldest. 

Gottlieb was raised on the farm and attended the 
common school until fourteen years of age. When 
he was seventeen, he was apprenticed to a brewer, 
and remained until he was twenty years old. In 
the fall of 1865, he left Bremen on a sailing-vessel, 
"Clora" by name, and landed in >sew York after 
a voyage of seventy days. Erom there he went to 
Arwicksburg, Pa., and was employed at his trade. 
He also engaged at it in Portsmouth and Philadel- 
phia. In 1871, he went to Milwaukee and was in the 
employ of the Melms Brewery, and two years later 
went on to St. Louis and was employed by Anheu- 
ser & Wainwright as head brewer. 

In 1877, our subject came to (Juincy and was 
foreman for Dick's Brewery for three years, when 
he started in the business for himself in partner- 
ship with Mrs. Luttcr. They ran it two years and 
then dissolved partnership. He then started the 
Harrison Brewery, now known as the Gem City 
Brewery, and ran it seven years as sole proprietor. 
IJe then bought the Avers Brewery and formed n 



pHrtiHM-sliip with Frit/ Walil: lalvr lie >t!irl<-<l the 
SfliMiiz A- Wnlil Hrewerv.iiiKi inn il forfoui- yeai>. 
In ISiU.lii- sold il !in<l >t!iiU() iini>tlici lufwi-rv l>.v 
Imviiij; till" olii ^VIl^llin;,'lon Hitwimt. iiud, rclittinii 
il, opciu'd hii.siuess lii-ro niidi-r the nnnn* of thi- 
S lianz Hiowprv. It is thf oldest in the couiilv. 
Its ea|>!R-it_v is forty Imrrols u day, an<i il is lin-aU-d 
on llic corner of Sl«U' andSixlli StreeUs. It <Kru- 
pio.s a liuildiiiir llirce slorics liii;li. 1 :i I x I 7<l fi'i-t. 
IK' lia.- an ii'i-lioiisi-, "iloiiif^o, lini<ri'«nd clrvator in 
oonni'ctiou with ihc hrewer.v . This brewery has 
a tliirteen-liorse power and is supplied with all the 
riiodeni iinproveinent.s. 

Ml'. Sehaii/. was married for the lirst time in St. 
I.uuis. to AiiL;ust.i Kiieap, lioiu in Westphalia, 
(ierniany, and she liore him live children: Fred, a 
liook-keepor in St. Louis; (iotllich, in (^iiiney; 
(icoiiie. -Augnst, .and William, at home. He was 
married for the seeond lime, in this eily, to Mrs. 
Lizzie Steffel, horn in Adams t'ounty. .Sho was 
Ihe niolhor of two of his children. Christina and 
.\ugusta. His third marria_!j;e ocenired in this city, 
Miss Annie .'Nteffcl, born in this city, becominjj his 
wife. They liave one cliihi. .\niia. 

.Mr. S<-h!in/. is a I)e|nily in Ihe (Jrand Lodge of 
the .\ncient Order of I'nited Workmen, and is a 
slaiieli Democrat in polities. He has always Iteen 
a linrd-workiiig man nn<l m.adc his money him- 
self. He deserves much credit for his eflforls and 
he has the esleem of all who know liiin. 

y. LM;V lil.KMKK is n iiMiiilier of the linn of 

2Hlomer iV- Michael, pork packers of ijiiincy. 
III., which Itusiness luu- lieen in successful 
operation since 1S7M. Mr. Itlomer wa.» horn 
in Prussia, (■eriiiaiiy. in Novcmlier, is;i.'t. and in 
l«|.'{was liroui:ht to < ^uinc\ . III., via New Orleans, 
reai'hiii;; the lirst-nienlionecl place on Ihe .Mh of 
.Inly. Ili» father, .lohn IJIolncr, was a farmer by 
occupation and passed from life in </uincy. where 
tlie mother, whose maiden name was Clirisliu.-i 
liriiikmnii. »|so hicuthccl her l»»t, lleiirv IMonier 

was the second son and third chihl in a family of 
six, all of whom .nre industrious, enterprising and 
loyal residents of the I'liited States. His educa- 
tion was obtained in the common schools <»f Adams 
('ouiit\ and in ijiiiiicy, and after altaining to a 
suitable age, he began learning Ihe trade of a lirick- 
l.'iyer, at which he served a three-years apprentice- 
ship. From thai time until he attained his majority 
he worke<l as a journeyman, and subsecpiently l)e- 
eame an exleiisivc eoiitractor, which business he 
carried on for .seventeen yeai-s. 

In 1S7(I, he formed a parlnership with ( . .\. \an- 
denboom in the jiork-packing business, and the 
firm bucanie known as N'andciiboom \- Hlomernnd 
continiieil as such up to 1SK"2, when Mr. Hlomer 
became the owner of the entire enterprise, and 
later asscK'ialeil himself with Wolf iV Michael, with 
whom he was connected for seven years. When 
this period had expired, Mr. Wolf retired, and 
since then the linn hai> been known as Hlomer A 
Michael. They kill vast numbers of cattle, hogs and 
sheep, and Ihe supervision in Iheir packing houses 
is so perfect that il is impossible fora diseased or in- 
ferior animal to be entered for consumption. This 
company handles only liist-class stock, and deals 
extensively in hogs on foot, mess pork, hams, bacon, 
lard, etc. Orders are promptly filled at tlu' iowe-sl 
ruling market iniees. and entire .satisfaction is 
guaranteed. The largest coiisnin|ition of animal 
products, especially thai of the hog, is in the 
Tnited Stales, which couiitr\ is exempt from any 
traceable ill effects from trichina. Hogs in Amer- 
ica are as healthy and sound as any sl<K-k in Ihe 
world, ancl in spite of the |>i'ohibition pl.aced on 
our hog products by l'"raiii'c and ( Jerniany, are 
ecpiai. if not superior, lo any similar producti<ms 
prepiired in Kuiope. 

During the winter sciuson, Me.s,si-s. Hlomer A- Mi- 
chael em|iloy in Iheir eslalilishment alMPiil one 
hundred and Iwi'iity-live men, and in Ihe summer 
from ihiity-livi' to fort\. Their repiilalion as 
substantial business men has gone forth in all di- 
rections, and the product of their house is deserv- 
edly ranked among the U'st in the I niled Stales. 
They ar<' highly esleemed in liiiancial and com- 
incrci.'tl circles for Iheir .-ound inismess principles 
ni)(| sterling iiite^rilv. while llieir I'lands tif pro. 



visions liave become well known. Their occupa- I 
lion is iindoiilitcdly a very important one, ana 
• ^iiincy is well represented in tliis respect by tiiis 
reliable and representative business house. 

In Iftfil, Mr. lilomer was united in marriage to 
Miss Ann Klatte, a native of Germany, and to 
tliem a family of live children has been born: 
Anna, now Mrs. Frieburg; John G., a book-keeper 
in liis father's office; Christina, wife of J. Tiptesar; 1 
Ada and Joseph. Politically, Mr. Blomer is a 
Democrat, and on tiiat ticket was elected to tlie j 
position of Alderman from the .Sixth Ward, wliicli 
he iield for two years. He lias been active in the 
]niblic affairs of (Juinc\-, and is President of the 
Freiburg Boot and Shoe Company of tliis city. 
He and iiis wife are members of St. F'rancis" Cath- 
olic Church, and have a very nice residence at No. 
150U Bro.adwav. 

J .5. 4. .5.4. 

eAMPBELL ,S. IIF:ARN. In this .short bio- 
graphical sketch we can onl)- give a few of 
. the prominent incidents in the life of one 

who for twenty-five years has been known tlirough- 
out Melrose Townsliip, and who is now one of the 
prominent agriculturists in Adams County. He 
was born in Woodford County, Ky., Noveml)er 2(1. 
1844, and was tiie sixtli in order of birth in the 
family of eight children born to Warren and Jane 
(Alexander) llearn, na.tives resjjectively of Owen 
and Woodford Counties, Ky. 

The father of our subject, who was named in 
iionor of Gen. Warren, of Bunker Hill fame, was 
the first white child born in Owen County, whence 
his parents emigrated as early as 1790 from Mar}-- 
land, where his birth occurred in 180.5. He 
one in a family of seven children, his In-others 
and sisters being Sallie, Lovisa, Harrison. Luke, 
Elizabeth and Melvina. His parents were Jacob 
and Jane (Harrison) Hearn, the former of whom 
was liorn in Maryland and was the second child 
in the family of .Jacob and Saiah ((iilderoy) Hearn, 
li-i'ives respectively of ivighiijd and Wales, Jacob, 

the grandfather of our subiect, was born in 1770, 
and was married in Kentucky in 1796. The ma- 
ternal grandfather of our subject, Peter Alexander, 
was born in Virginia and served as a soldier in the 
Revolutionary- War, in which struggle he occu(iied 
the position of Captain. 

He of whom we write resided in his native 
State until 1851, at which time he removed with 
his parents to Missouri, where they lived until 
1863. Then returning to Kentucky, they remained 
for four years, when, desiring to make tlieii- future 
home in Illinois, they came to (^^uincy, where our 
subject located on the farm on which he is at pres- 
ent residing. His father, who was a hardworking 
man, died August 1, 1882, and the mothei', who 
jjreceded him to the better land, departed this 
life May 22, 1875. They were people who stood 
well in the community, and their neighborly kind- 
ness and excellent traits of head and heart at- 
tracted to them warm friends. 

Campbell S. Hearn received a limited education, 
attending the subscription school held in a log 
cabin and sitting on the regulation slab seats of 
those d.ays. When of age, he began his personal 
career as a farmer, and pursuing his work with 
energy and intelligence, prospered accordingly. 
In September, 1872, he was married to Miss Eliz- 
abeth Hastings, and to them has been born one 
son, (ieoi'ge. On the death of his wife, Mr. Hearn 
was again married, this time to Miss Emma, daugh- 
ter of fieorge F'elt, and the two children born of 
this union bear the respective names of Warren F. 
and Mar}' C. The fellow-citizens of our subject, 
recognizing his ability and superior business quali- 
fications, elected him nine successive years as Su- 
pervisor, the duties of which ottice he performed 
in a creditable manner. He was placed in nomina- 
tion as a member of the State Board of F^ijualiz.a- 
tion in the spring of 1892, and will be elected, as 
the Democrats have a large m.ajority. Politically, 
he casts his vote and intliienco on the side of the 
Democratic party, and socially is an Odd Fellow, 
a Modern Woodman, and is connected with the 
Independent Order of Mutual Aid. He is a man 
possessing enlightened views on various subjects, 
and brain and business tact, combined with stead^■ 

industry, have brought him to the frimt. 




f«rm. wliieh comprises ><\w liiiii<li<'<l mimI sixty 
!ii,TOs, is miller I'xcclli'iit ciillivatioii, iiml il ismilv 
li\ ruiislniil npidicHtion to his work lliiil Mr. Ileum 
has ljroii<rht it to its pri-M'iit coinlitioii. 


ON. .lOSKi'il SIH|.i';V. Tiiis (listinmiishcd 
jurist hits lujuh- his homo in tin- liciuitifu! 
*^ -^ city of t^iiiiu'y for inori' than a niiartcr of 
a fi'iitiirv. an<l is now ilpvotiiiLj his .ntten- 
lion to the legal profession, in which he has al- 
ways hail a large practiee, won many victoriesand 
accinnulateil consifleralile wealth, lie is ilesceniled 
from families of sniistanlial worth and honored 
name in New lOngland, and liy his services in the 
legal arena and in ollicial statioiiH has added lus- 
tre to the name he hears. 

In noting the record of the progenitors of Judge 
.'^ililey, we tind that his father, .Varon Sihley, was 
liorn in Connecticut in 1 77'.i, and his niolher,'rry- 
pheuia Agard, wa.s a native of that State, 
liut removed to Massachusctt.s when young. On 
hotli sides, the line of descent is traced to Kng- 
land. ( irandfatlier Ezekiel Sibley was a resident 
of Connecticnt. .as was also (irandfatlier Agard. 
Aaron .Sihley wa.s a farmer by occupation, and was 
prominent in Hampden County, Ma.s.s., where the 
most of his life was passed, and where his death 
occurred. In political matters, he was a Demo- 
crat, and served as a member of tlietJeneial Court 
of 1M2H and lH2' well as in other positions <if 

Morn in \Vestliclii. Hampden County. .Mass., 
in 1HI8, our sulijcrl passed his boyhood in a com- 
paratively uneventful nianiier, alteiiiating work 
on his father's farm with attendance at the district 
school and In the academy near his home. Karlv 
in life he evinced a thirst for knowledge, and wju* 
ever eager to grasp new theories and .^olve the in- 
tricate |)roblems which the majority of the school 
Uiys shirked. .Vt the age of twenty yeai-s, he wsjs 
appointed deputy to High Sheriff Rii*e, and his ser- 

vices in thai capacity for scnci.iI xcmis wcif s!ili«- 
fnctory and elticient. 

When about twenty-two years old, .liidgc .S|l(it<v 
removed U> ScheneclJidy, N. V., where he engaged 
in niercnntile pursuits for two years, but desirous 
of entering upon a professional cireer, he read law 
with I'age iV Totter, and was admitted to tin- Itar 
ill 1846. lie chose for his location the city of 
Xauvoo, IfaneiM-k County, 111., wlieie he remained 
several years in the (iraclice of his profession, and 
during his residence there was a strong anti-.Mor- 
inon. .Vt that time there were few afTairs of more 
vital interest to the citizens of Hancock County 
than the Mormon question, and particularly wen- 
the residents of Nauvoo interested therein, for 
their city was the seat of the 'ri-inplc mid ilirlioini' 
of the prophet, .losepli Smith. 

Removing in \Hfui from Nauvoo lo War- 
saw, in the same county, our subject continued his 
legal practice. While at Nauvoo, he w.-us eWcted 
on the Democratic ticket, in IS.'iO. to represent 
Hancock County in the .State Legislature, and his 
.satisfactory service resulted in his re-electi«fi), in 
IS.'i2. for a term of two years. Returning from the 
Legislature, he resumed his puu-tice at Wai-saw. 
hut was soon called into public lifeagain. In IH.'i.O, 
he was elected Circuit .liidge for the Kifteeiilh .lii- 
dicial Circuit, which was composed of Hancock, 
Henderson and .Adams Counties. At the expira- 
tion of his term of six years, he was re-elected, 
in IH('il,anil served by re-election until Ift"'.*, being 
on the Bench In all twenty-four years. Meanwhile. 
Ill' removed from Warsaw toi^uincy. where he has 
continued to make his home since. In 1x77. la- 
was appointed .ludge of the .\ppellate Court for 
the Second District of Illinois, and served two 
yeai-s in that ea|iaeity. On retiring from that ollice. 
he resumed his law practice in t^ulncy, which lie 
li;us conducted until the present time in the local. 
State and federal courts. In politics, he is a 
stanch DeiiiiMTat, devot'd to the interests and 
principles of his chosen party. 

Among the beautiful residences of t^uiinv is that 
of .ludge Sibley, which is pleasantly located on 
Kighth Street, in the luiiisf of extensive grounds 
and beautiful lawns, ornainented with elms and 
other trees. In that home he liiids rest from the 



tolls of professional life and public service, and 
there many of his happiest hours have been passed. 
He was married in 1849 to Miss Maria, daughter 
of Dr. Biackelt, who at the time of his death was 
a resident of East St. Louis, 111., but had formerly 
made his home in St. I>ouis, Mo. ,, Tiie maternal 
grandfather of Mrs. Sibley. Nicholas Jarrott, wa.s a 
native of Paris, France, hut emigrated to America 
at an early daj'^, and became one of the first settlers 
of Cahokia,'Ill. The marriage of Judge and Mrs. 
Sibley has been blessed by the birth of two chil- 
dren: .Joseph J., who follows agricultural pursuits 
in Missouri, and Julia I>., who is at home with her 

The long professional and judicial career of 
Judge Sibley, and his natural traits, have moulded 
him into a type of a lawyer and a jurist wjiicli, in 
dignity and ability, marks the highest order of his 
profession. Few, if any, judges of Illinois have 
worn the judicial ermine for so many years as he. 
On the Bench he showed a true conception of the 
duties of the position, and was alert, impartial, 
learned and honest. By his bearing he gave courage 
to the younger, and commanded the respect of the 
older, practitioner. As a lawyer, his daily jtrac- 
tice and research have given him a wide repu- 
tation as a reliable counsel and successful advo- 
cate, which, witii his personal qualities, has at- 
tracted to him a large circle of friends. 

\|/AMES B. CORRIGAN. The ability shown 
by James B. Corrigan in several directions, 
^^ his faitliful discharge of every pulilic trust 
^5^// reposed in his hands, .and the interest he 
has taken in the advancement of measures for the 
good of Quincy, 111., caused him long since to be 
classed as one of the leading citizens of that flour- 
ishing city of the Mississippi Valle3-. Although 
young ill years, he luas been a resident of this 
county all his life, and the people have had every 
opportunity to judge of his character and qualifi- ; 

cations. In eveiy walk of life, he has acquitted 
himself with credit, and his admiralile Inisiness 
qualities, coupled with his executive capacity and 
popularity, point him out as one sure to be called 
to public position. He at present holds the re- 
sponsible position of Treasurer of Adams County, 
111., and the faithfulness and capability shown by 
this gentleman have won him the respect of all. 

Mr. Corrigan was born mi a farm in Liberty 
Township, Adams County, III., on the 21st of Feb- 
ruary, IH.'ifi, and inherits the quick wit and active 
mind of his Iiish ancestors. His parents, James 
and Sarah (Hart) Corrigan, were natives of the 
green isle c>f Erin and came to the United States 
when young. Settling on a farm in Adams County, 
III., they have since made their home there, and 
reside on the land settled by them in early days. 
Of the nine children born to them, James B. was 
fifth in order of birth. His boyhood and early 
school days were passed in assisting on the farm 
and in attending the district school. Later, he en- 
tered INIaplewood High School and then St. Francis 
College, l^uincy, giaduating from the latter insti- 
tution in the year 1884. After this he read law 
with Sibley, Carter tt Govert. 

After leaving the school-room, Mr. Corrigan was 
appointed Deputy Sheriff under P>eiijamin Heckle, 
and filled that position in a ver_\- satisfactory man- 
ner. His capalile manner of filling that position 
aiaturally caused the people of (Quincy and Adams 
County to desire that the same qualities should 
be directed to the public service in another. Ac- 
cordingl}-, he was appointed Deputy County Treas- 
urer under John B. Kreitz until his term closed. 
He was retained by his successor. L. Finley, and 
continued under him until his term closed. In 
the fall of 1890, Mr. CVu'rigan was nominated for 
the office of Treasurer and was elected by a fair 
majority. He assumed the duties of his otlice the 
December following, .and in that capacity has 
proved himself a very efficient officer. 

On the 16th of June, 1887, Mr. Corrigan was 
married to ]\Iiss Agnes liernbrdck. of (Quincy. III., 
the daughter of William l>ernlii<ick,and he ami his 
wife reside comfortalily at Twentieth and Elm 
Streets. In polities, Mr. Corrigan isa Democrat, and 
is a stanch supporter of his part}'. He is justly re- 



gank'il as oiii' of (In- in<»t |iroiiiiiifiit of the self-re- 
liant anil pni^iTssivo men i>f wlmni (^nini-v has been 
Ml ronspiunonsly fniitfnl. His lilwral vifws, un- 
i|ui'siii)nt'il lionosty and iuj;<;oil ronimoii-sensi' luive 
;,'iveii liini an iiilluiMxr which is not relanU'd in 
any way liy his youth. He has never lieen found 
wanting in any fapaeily which he has been called 
upon to till. tendin<; to the upbuilding of one of 
the most thrifty and prosperous cities of the 

•I (^ '• '• 


'jfJ'OIlN II. RATCLIKF. who is engajred in 
general farming on section II, Concord 
Township, claims Kentucky ns the State of 
' his nativity. He was born in 1821. and is 
a st>n of .loseph and Mary (Bryant) RatclitT. In 
the family were the following children: l-Jic- 
nezer, deceased; Isabella, born in 18(tl; Nancy, in 
IMdC; Caroline, in 18ii«; A. H.. in IsM: I.ucinda. 
in IHHI; .Vnnie, in 1HI«. and .Joseph, iii l.*<2.'). 

No event (>f special importance occurred during 
the boyhood of our subject, which wa.s ipiietly 
passed, alternating his tin)e by work on the farm 
in the summer months and by attending the com- 
mon schools of the neighbf)rhood during the win- 
ter season. .\t the age of eighteen, he started out 
in life for himself and has since been dependent 
uiMiu his own resources. That his life has been an 
industrious an<l enterprising one is proved by the 
success that has crowned his efforts, lie is now 
the owner of a valuable farm of two hundred and 
ft)rty acres, worth *jii per acre, lie laiscs grain 
and stock, and his li<M>es. cattle and hogs are all 
good grades. His neat and sulistantini residence 
was erected at a cost of fi.lUKi. He Iuls a large 
barn and the other oiilbiiihlings are niorlels of con- 
venience. The well-lilled (ields and neat api)ear- 
ance of the place indicate his careful supervision 
and give evidence of his imlustrlous ami well-di- 
rected effort.^. 

In 18.'i2, Mr. l{at<-lilT married Miss M. , I. Chip- 
man, a daughter of .lesse and llarriell Chipmati. 

She wai« born in 18.S2. Their union lieeii blessed 
with nine children, six of whom are yet living: 
Isabella, born in Adams County, in 18.').3: Mary, 
iHirn in IS.'i^'i. is the wife of .Mien l.iicas; .loseph, 
born in 18'>1. married Rachel lirown, ami died in 
1881; Harriet, born in 18.'»H. is now .Mrs. Lucas; 
Valdora. born in 18()0, deceased; Myron, born in 
IX(>2. married Ijivina Davis; riysscs.'born in 18U5. 
deceased; Chipman, born in 18(i7, wedded Carrie 
Harper; and Delia, born in 187-1, is at home. The 
chiiilien all received good educational advantages 
to fit them for the practical and responsible posi- 
tions of life, and two have l)een successful 

At the age of eighteen years. .Mr. RatclifT united 
with the I'resbyteriaii Church of Clayt<iii, and for 
nine j'ears he has been one of the ruling Klders- 
To its support he contributes liberally and gives 
freely to all charitable and benevolent entcr- 
|>riscs. The church linds in him a faithful mem- 
ber and his life is in harmony with his profession. 
He exercises his right of franchise in support of 
the Republican jiarty, and has served as Road 
Ovei-seer. .'ncIiooI Director and Trustee, lliscareer 
has l>een an exemplary one, and the confulence 
and good-will of his fellow-townsmen is freely 
accorded him. He is held in the highest regard 
as a man of sterling worth, and with pleasure we 
present to our readers this life record of .lohn II. 


Mr=M.IAS C. llAl.l.. After a long life ..f 
usefulness. Klias C. Hall passed from the 
scene of his earthly labors and left an 
honored name and grateful memories in the citv 
where he has so long been a resident. He had a 
pleasant home in (juincy. and was surrounded by 
all that made life enjoyable — dfunestic hap|>iness 
and prosperity, a clean conscience and abiindani 
means. To his praise be it said, that his accumula- 
tions were made without 1o.hs or injustice toothers. 
For niaiiy ycirs he was a residcnl of (^iiincy. and 



toils of professional life and public service, and 
there nian_v of his happiest hours have been passed. 
He was married in 1849 to Miss Maria, daughter 
of Dr. Brackett, who at the time of his death was 
a resident of East St. Louis, 111., but had formerly 
made his home in St. Louis, Mo. ;, The maternal 
grandfather of JNIrs. Sibley. Nicholas Jarrott, was a 
native of Paris, France, but emigrated to America 
at an early day, and became one of the first settlers 
of C'ahokia,'lll. The marriage of Judge and Mrs. 
Sibley has been blessed b_v the birth of two chil- 
dren: Joseph J., who follows agricultural i)ursuits 
in Missouri, and Julia L., who is at lioine with her 

The long professional and judicial career of 
Judge Sibley, and his natural traits, have moulded 
him into a type of a lawyer and a jurist which, in 
dignity and ability, marks the highest order of his 
profession. Few, if any, judges of Illinois have 
worn the judicial ermine for so many years as Ire. 
On the Bench he showed a true conception of tlie 
duties of the position, and was alert, impartial, 
learned and honest. By his bearing he gave courage 
to the younger, and commanded the respect of the 
older, practitioner. As a lawyer, his dailv prac- 
tice and research have given him a wide repu- 
tation as a reliable coun.sel and successful advo- 
cate, which, with iiis personal qualities, has at- 
tracted to him a large circle of friends. 

'II AMES B. CORRIGAN. The ability shown 
by James B. Corrigan in several directions, 
^^ I his faithful discharge of every public trust 
^^' reposed in his hands, and the interest he 
has taken in the advancement of measures for the 
good of <^uinc\-, 111., caused him long since to be 
classed as one of tlie leading citizens of that flour- 
ishing city of the Mississippi Valley. Although 
young in years, he has been a resident of this 
county all his life, and the people have had ever}- 
opportunity to judge of his character and qualifi- 

cations. In everj- walk of life, he has acquitted 
himself with credit, and his admiralile business 
qualities, coupled with his executive capacity and 
popularity, point him out as one sure to he called 
to public |)osition. He at present holds the re- 
si)onsible position of Treasurer of Adams Count}', 
111., and the faithfulness and capability shown by 
tills gentleman have won him the respect of all. 

Mr. Corrigan was Imhu mi a fai'm in Lil)erty 
Township. Adams County, III., on the 21st of Feb- 
ruary, l^aT), and inherits the quick wit and active 
mind of his Irish ancestors. His parents, James 
and Sarah (Hart) Corrigan, were natives of the 
green isle of Erin and came to the United States 
when young. Settling on a farm in Adams County, 
III., they have since made their home there, and 
reside on the land settled by them in earlv days. 
Of the nine children born to them, James B. was 
fifth in order of birth. His boyhood and early 
school days were passed in assi.--ting on the farm 
and in attending the district school. Later, he en- 
tered Maplewood Iligli Schoiil and then St. Francis 
College. <^uincy. graduating from the latter insti- 
tution in the year liSH4. After this he read law 
with Sibley, Carter & (Covert. 

After leaving the school-room, Mr. Corrigan was 
appointed ])ei)uty Sheriff under Uenjamin Heckle, 
and tilled that position in a very satisfactory man- 
ner. His capalile manner of filling that position 
naturally caused the people of Quincy and Adams 
County to desire that the same qualities should 
be directed to the pulilic service in another. Ac- 
cordingly, he was appointed Deputy County Treas- 
urer under John B. Kreitz until his term closed. 
He was retained Iiy his successor, L. Finley, and 
continued under him until his term closed. In 
the fall of LSTH), Jlr. Corrigan was nominated for 
the office of Treasurer and was elected by a fair 
majority. He assumed the duties of his office the 
December following, .and in that capacity has 
proved himself a very efficient officer. 

On the 16tli of June, 1887, Mr. Corrigan was 
married to ^liss Agnes Benibnick, of <^)uincv. III., 
the daugliter of William I)crnbiock,and he and his 
wife reside comfortably at Twentieth and Elm 
Streets. In jiolitics, Mr. Corrigan is a Democrat, and 
is a stanch supporter of his part}'. He is justly re- 



fjardud ns oiu- nf tlu' iiii»l |ii'<iininciil iif tlic si'lf-re- 
liant and prosji-ossivc inon of whdiii (^iiiiu-y lias been 
>u con^iiii'UDiish' fruitful. His lihoral vit-ws, iin- 
iiuo^tiiincd linnpst y and lUiriiod I'liinni'in-suiiso have 
Kiven liin) an influence wiiich is iiol retarded in 
any way by his youth, lie has never lieen found 
wantin-; in any rapacity which he luus heen called 
upon to (ill, tcndin>; to the upluiilding of one of 
tlie nii»l thrifty and pro>pcrous cities of the 

"i^'dllN II. K.vrn.ll-I'. who is enga-ied in 
trencral farniini; on sccticui II, Concord 
Township, claims Kentucky as the Slate of 
' liis nativity, lie was born in 1821, and is 
a son of .loseph and Mary (Hryaut) Ratcliff. In 
the family were the followinjj children: VAte- 
nezer, deceased; Isabella, born in 180 1; Nancy, in 
IKdC; Caroline, in 18(18; A. I?., in 1811; I.ucinda. 
in 181(;: Annie, in 18I«. ancl .Joseph, in 182.'i. 

No event of spcci.-il importance occurred during 
the boyhood of oui subject, which w.a.s tpiietly 
pn.ssed, allernatini; lii.s time by W4iik on the farm 
in the summer mouths and by attending the c<»m- 
mou schools of the nciy:liborhood during the win- 
ter season. At the age of eighteen, he started out 
in life for himself and has .since been dependent 
uiMin his t)wii resources. That his life has been an 
industrious and enterprising one is proved by the 
success that has crowned his offortj*. He is now 
the owner of a valualile farm of two hundred and 
forty acres, worth *jii per acre, lie laises grain 
and stock, and liis horses, cattle and hogs are all 
good grades. Ills neat and sul>slanti:il residence 
was erected at a cost of fi.'Hid. He Iuls a large 
barn and the other outbuildings are models of con- 
venience. The well-lilled lields and neat appear- 
ance of the place indicate his careful supervision 
and give evidence of his industrious and well-di- 
rected eflfort.*. 

In ly.ji, Mr. RatclilT married Miss M. .1. Chip- 
man, a daughter of .les-c and Harriett Cliipman. 

•She was born In IM.'ii'. Their union has been blessed 
with nine children, six of | whom are yet living: 
Isabella, born in Adams County, in 1M.").3; Mary, 
born ill 18.").'>, is the wife of .Mien Lucas; .losepli, 
born in 18;')l, married Kaclicl Krowii. and died in 
1881; Harriet, born in I8.')K, is now Mrs. Lucas; 
\'ald<u-a, born in 18('>0, deceased; Mynui. born in 
I8G'2, married Ijivina Davis; I'lysses.'born in 18tJ5i 
deceased; Chipman, born in 18(;7, wedded Carrie 
Harper; and Delia, born in 1874, is at Iminc. The 
children all received good educational advantages 
to fit them for the practical and responsible posi- 
tions of life, and tw<i have l>een successful 

At the age of eighteen ye:ii>, .\lr. RatclifT united 
with the I'resbyterian Church of ClayUui, and for 
nine years he has been one of the ruling Klders- 
To its support he contributes liberally and gives 
freely to all charitable anil benevolent enter- 
prises. The church finds in him a faithful mem- 
ber and his life is in harmony with his profession. 
He exercises his right of franchise in support of 
the Republican party, and has served as Road 
Ovei-seer. School Director and Trustee. Hiscareer 
has been an exemplary one, and the conlidence 
and good-will of his fellow-townsmen is freely 
accorded him. He is held in the highest regard 
as a ninn of .••lerling worth, and with pleasure we 
present to our readers this life recoril of .lolm 11. 





.\fler a long life of, Klias C. Hall passed fntin the 
/J^^ scene of his earthly lalxu-s and left an 
honored name and graU-ful memories in the city 
where he has so long been a resident. He had a 
ple.a,sant home in (^iiincy, and was surrounded by 
all that made life enjoyable — domestic happiness 
and prosperity, a clean cons(.-ience and abundant 
means. To his praise be itsaicL that his accumula- 
tions were matle without luss or injustice toothers, 
[•"or many ye:ir> he a resident of i^uincv, and 



fluiing his wliole life naught was ever said de- 
rogatory to his c'liaracter and honor. His memor.y 
will live in the hearts of the people long after his 
body has mouldered to dust. 

jNIr. Hall began iiis eartlily career in Scottsville, 
N. Y., in 1816, and was a son of Clark Hall, who 
followed the occupation (f a miller in New York 
State for many j-ears. The latter was of English 
descent, and his ancestors came to this country at 
a very early date. He was a man of great energy 
a7id perseverance and succeeded in accumulating 
considerable means. Elias C. Hall, the third son 
of seven children, secured a good practical educa- 
tion in the common schools, and there pursued Ills 
studies until fourteen years of age, when he en- 
tered Howard College and was graduated from 
that institution in 1837. After this he returned 
to his home and engaged in milling with iiis father. 
He was a wide-awake, progressive business man 
and won many friends by his upright, lionorable 

In the year 1867, Mr. Hall moved to t^uincy, 
III., and engaged in the insurance business, which 
he conducted up to tiie time of his death. lie was 
a man wliose sterling worth of character was 
recognized by all, and iiis death was deeply de- 
plored by a large circle of friends and acquaint- 
ances, as well as his own immediate and sorrowing 
household. U.seful and reliable, his high character 
and noble conduct have reflected upon his de- 
scendants and connections the highest renown. In 
politics, this much esteemed citizen was warmly 
attached to the principles of the good old Repub- 
lican party, and was ever ready with his influence 
and ballot to advance its interests. He was also 
prominent in Masonic circles. 

Mr. Hall selected his bride in the person of Miss 
Christina Schnowder, who was born in Allegheny 
County, Pa., in 1846, and tlieir nuptials were cel- 
ebrated in the year 1871. When nine years of 
age, Mrs. Hall moved witii her parents to Fairfield 
County, Iowa, and entered the common schools of 
that place. Possessed of a bright and active mind, 
she made much headw.ay in her studies, and is a 
lady of culture and intelligence. She is of Ger- 
man-French descent, and her ancestors were among 
tlie prominent families of Pennsjivania in the 

days of William Penn. In the year 1859, she 
came witii her parents to (^uincy, and here became 
acquainted with Mr. Hall, whom she subsequently 
married. After this union Mr. and jMrs. Hall made 
their home in t^uincy and resided at No. 51 1 North 
Sixtli Street. She has a very pleasant home, and 
being a lady possessed of much sociability and 
learning, has a host of warm friends. 

\i^^ OMER M. SWOPE. This well-known niem- 
* her of the legal profession has made his 
home in Adams County since he was six 
months old. His present place of business 
is No. 217 North Fifth Street, (^uiiic\'. 111., where he 
attends to a large and growing practice, and where 
he conducts the legal business of the city, of which 
he has been made City Attorney. 

Mr. Swope was born May 1."), 1857, in Vienna, 
Ind. (For family sketch refer to that of A. F. 
Swope.) He was the fifth in a family of seven 
cliildren. He received the advantages of the com- 
mon district schools and then graduated from the 
High School and at that time, 1874. went into the 
classical department of Carthage College and grad- 
uated there in 1879 with the degree of A. 15. and 
three years later took tlie M. A. degree. He 
then spent one year in teaching school in Cass 
County, lie remained on his father's farm until 
he was prepared to locate here in 1881. At that 
time he entered the firm of Sibley, Carter it 
Govert as a student and continued with them until 
September 1, 1882, when he entered the Iniversity 
of Michigan at Ann Arbor, in the deiiartment of 
Law. Here he graduated in 1884, witli the degree 
of LL. B. He located here and began the prac- 
tice of his profession and in 1884 formed a part- 
nership with Mr. McMurry. This coutiiiued until 
May, 1891, when it was dissolved and Mr. Swope 
has been alone in business since then. Mr. McMurry 
went into other business and at this time Mr. 



Swiipf \V!i> fleeted City Altoiiiev. In Irt'.f^. lie 
wa.-* ie-t'leoU>(l amj is serving at this time. 

.Mr. Swope lends hi.-, name and aid to many of 
llie rei>res«-ntali ve MK-ial and lin>ine!-s int<'rest.-> of 
the city and we mention a few. He lH>lon<^ to the 
Inler-Stal*' Itiiilding and Loan .\ssoeialion; he is 
llie attorney for this and also for Ihadstrect'sCol- 
leelion Afjency, and is a memher of and attorney 
for the As.sociated Ijiw and Colleelion olllee. lie 
.•ilso helonjj to the Mutual .Vid of Illinois, to the 
lnde|>endent Order of Mutual Aiil .'in<l lo the 
Royal .\reannm. 

( )ur ,-ulijcct was married here in 1MK7. to 
llallie .\. Bradley. theeharinin<; daujjhter of Roherl 
Ihadley. Two beautiful ehildren have eonie to 
liless this pleasant lionie. and their miisieal names 
are Lillian and AInui. 

.Mr. .S\v<»pe is an upholder of piii'e Democratic 
principles and we venture to predict that a future 
record of this county will show him a >till nuire 
))romineiit num than he now i.". ( )ur country needs 
the i'dut'ated younir nu-ii of the Land to eome to 
the front and irive life and vii;or lo the Nation's 



1-^ i:\. F.vriiKi; (;i:i;iiai{|) .Mii;r.A( ii. 

Il^ Amonir the worthy Christians and alile 
J,\\l expounilers of the (iospcl. may lie men- 
V^ tioned Rev. Father ( Jerhard Mirliach,who 
is a gentleman in every sense of the wfird, and 
throughont the sixty years of his life, whatercr 
his hand, heart or mind has found to do. he ha.s 
done it with all his mijirht. He has devotetl his 
time to the s)iiritual and mental want-s of his fel- 
low-mortals and has done far more than the ordi- 
n;iry man to raise the standard of morality in the 
dilTerent localities in which his lot h.os been 
lie is a man of line presence, and in his linsom 
there heat.- a heart warm enough to >ympnthize 
with the sufferings of all humanity. 

Father Mirliaeh wa.s horn in (lerdauen. (ier- 
many. Septenilier X. lM->. I<> Williain and Aiin.-i ( '. 

(\'ou Neel) Mirhach. anil in the LmiuI of lii> liirth 
his huylxHid days were s|K>nt, Ix'ing an attendant 
of the parochial schools up to the agi' of (iflei-n 
years. .Vt time, he euler<'d the gymnasium 
at Nens, where he studied ftir a sluirt time, after 
whi<-li he lieg.'in his collegiate career in the I'ni- 
vei-sily i.f Itonn, where he faithfully pursued his 
studies for three years. On the M of .""ieptemlH-r. 
IHUit, having liccome prfilicienl in theology, |i<- 
wa.s ordained a priest in the Catholic CInireh and 
soon after took charge of a church in Koeln, Oer- 
tnany. llealily dis<'harged the duties of that lespon- 
silile position until May 8. ISfi'.l, when he came to 
.Vmerica and liist tiet f<M>t on .\meiican soil .at 
New York City. From there he removed to Fay- 
clteville, .St. Clair County, III., where he liecame 
p.nstor of St. I'ancratius' Catholic Church, and con- 
tinned a.s such until 1X7-1. Comingat that time to 
• iuincy. he took charge of St. Mary's Church, 
which at that time had an attendance of tw<i hun- 
dred and eight families, linl which now has two 
hundred and fifty families in regular attendance. 

•I'll e edi lice in which Father Mirliaeh held ser- 
vices was burned February .'?, ISSM, since which 
time he luus built a handsome brick structure of 
modern architecture, supplied with all the latest 
im|iroveinent«, and hicated on the corner of .Vdams 
and .Seventh Streets. The church was erected at a 
cost of i<:V2,(iiMi, and will be dedicated liy Bishop 
Ryan December 8, lhi»2. The distance from the 
ground to the lop of the dtime is one hundred and 
sixty-eight feet and the dimensions of the building 
are l.'{2x(!(l feet. Father Mirbach was bImi the prime 
mover in the erection of a line brick school build- 
ing, in which instruction is given by a competent 
corps of teaehei> to one hundred and seventeen 
children, lie is much beloved an<l respected by 
the memU-rs of his congregation for his unselfish 
clevotiou and persistent effcirt- in their behalf, and 
he has at all times proved himself to be n wife 
counselor ami a consi-ienlious adviser in spiritual 

Father .Mirbach is a clear, concise and forcible 
speaker, kind in dispositi<in, e<u'dial, warm- 
hearted and sympathetic, and is always ready to 
lend a helping hand to the unfortunate and a 
listening ear to tin' woe- uf the Hitlicted ami iieeily. 




■When llie size of liis eongiegation is remembered, 
ami wlien tlie many expensive, yet necessary, im- 
pixivemcnts in tlie fliiireli, seliool and pastoral resi- 
dence are taken into consideration, it truly indi- 
cates a praiseworthy si)irit among the people and 
shows that an admirable nnderstanding exists 
between the pastor and his flock. Father Mirbach 
possesses excellent qualifications as a man of edu- 
cation and refinement, and is evidently deeply 
interested in tlie noble work in which he is en- 






ylLLIAM HARNESS, who spent his en- 
tire life in this county, now resides on 
section 2, Lima Township, near the old 
farm -where his birth occurred October 12, 1831. 
None iiavc been more prominently identified with 
the history of this community than the Harness 
family. The grandfather, Leonard Harness, was a 
native of Virginia, but at a very early day emi- 
grated to St. Clair County, 111., where Josejih Har- 
ness, the father of our subject, was born in 179.3. 

The grandfather died when Joseph was quite 
young, and he was reared in the American Bot- 
toms of St. Clair County, among the frontiers- 
men, and was inured to all the hardships and 
privations of such a life. On the 6th of May, 
1816, he married Nancy Worley, who was born in 
Virginia April 7, 1796, and for several years they 
resided ui)on a farm in the county of his nativity. 

In the spring of 1827, they came with their 
family to Adams County, locating on section 1, 
Lima Township, where Mr. Harness pre-empted 
and afterward imjiroved a large tract of land. 
He brought with him ox and horse teams, with 
which he broke the prairie. He was one of the 
first settlers north of Bear Creek. The Indians 
were numerous in the neighborhood and he was 
on friendly terms with several famous chiefs, in- 
cluding Black Hawk and Keokuk, wiio frequently 
visited his log cabin. As he was reared amid 
wild scenes, he knew how to keep on fricndlv 
terms with the red-men. 

Although never addicted to strong drink, Mr. 
Harness brought a barrel of whisky to this county'. 
As soon as the Indians learned this, they were con- 
tinually scheming to get it. but never succeeded. 
One day a savage fell from a tree not far from 
the Harness cabin, and the fellow's brother was 
dispatched for a little liquor. He said he wanted 
it for medicine, but Mr. Harness doubted his story 
and refused. The Indian was so disappointed 
that he cried, but his tears availed him nothing. 
Mrs. Harness, however, unknown to her husband 
gave him some whisk}', for which she received 
many thanks. Mr. Harness, on learning this, was 
much displeased, as he feared that the Indians 
might become intoxicated and return .and do them 

When the ISlack Hawk "War broke out, there 
was much excitement, and safety was sought in 
blockiiouses, but Mr. Harness remained in his 
little home, saying that he had always been a 
friend of Black Hawk and did not fear injury. 
He was a famous hunter and in those earlv days 
supported his family with his gun, killing scores 
of deer, wolves, etc. His death occurred Novem- 
ber 25, 1881, and his wife died .September 30, 
1886. They were among the most [trominent 
citizens of this community and played an impor- 
tant part in its history. Their daughter, .lulia 
Ann, now the wife of Jason Strickler, was the 
first white child born in Lima Township. 

William Harness, wdiose name beads this sketch, 
was born in the log cabin home and with the 
family experienced all the hardships and priva- 
tions of pioneer life. He had no educational ad- 
tages, but his training at farm labor was not 
meagre. He was early inured to the arduous task 
of developing wild land, and he worked for his 
father until twenty-seven years of age. In those 
early days, he also hunted a great deal and be- 
came an expert with the rifle, killing many deer, 
turkeys, ducks and geese, and also wolves. 

In 18.')7, Mr. Harness was united in marriage 
with Miss Mary Crenshaw, and unto them have been 
born the following children: Leonard, General 
Jackson, Arthur, John, Isaac, Marj-, Waldo, Winnie 
and Richard. They began their domestic life 
upon the farm which has since been their home, 



jiiiil finiii tlic wild Mini liaiKMi liai'l Mr. Ihinii'^s 
liii> <lf'v«'lii|i('(i nrli iiiid fertile fieUls, wliicli vieiti 
to him :i l;iiIi)cii triliuti'. lie bus tliree liiiii<lre(| 
mill eiijlitv Hcres of liij^lilv eultiviited land in tlie 
lionie fiirni and owns* eonsidernlilc traeU elsewhere. 
In |Milili<-s, Mr. ll:ir)iess is a Democrat. Iml has 
never lieen an ollke-.seeker. lie lia> wilne»e<l al- 
most the entire <i;rowlh of the count v. lias aided 
in it.s develojiment and has lionie his part in its 
npliiiildiii'; and iiii|iiovemenl. I'lililie-spirited and 
progressive, he is a valued eili/.en as well as an 
honored pioneer, and is rerlainlv deseivin;^ of 
representation in the history of his native countv. 


lis. KI.I/.AUrni CARRKrr. The esti- 
nialile lady wliose name appears at tin- 
open in •; of this artiele is the widow of 
the lion. I'eti-r 1!. (Jarrett. Her residence 
is on two hundred and lifty acres of land adjoin- 
iu}; the town of (.'amp Point, III., and is a large 
hiiek house surrounded with shiiiMierA' and trees. 
The paternal grandfather of oursuliject was WilU 
iani Welsh, who had been a farmer in Walesand had 
lii-st settled in Pennsylvania upon coming to Amer- 
ica, and from there he had moved to Kentuckv. 
where he was one of the tii-st settlers. The father 
of «>ur subject was named Robert and was one of 
six children. He liecame a farmer and lived and 
died in .Jefferson County. Ky. His Kiitli had oc- 
curred in Feliruary, I78G, in the State of Penn- 
.sylvania. and his death M.arch 14, IHfiii. The 
mother of our snliject a native of Kentucky; 
her maiden name w;l-< Mary (iuthrie. and her 
liirtli took place in ■lanu.-iry, 17!Mi. Hoth she and 
her Inisband were consistent inenil)ersof the church 
which grew up under that great and good man, 
Alexander Campbell. She pa.ssed ipiietly awav at 
her home Septemlier 2'.i, IMC).'), .after .-i well-spent 

Mrs. tlarrelt was the second in a famil\- of 
twelve children, four of whom are livin". She 

enjoyed .such ad\antage> a- were afforded in the 
log schoollious<'s of that date, and faithfully 
trudged away thrruigh rain and snow to iiliend. 
In 1«.!2. she became the wife of the Hon. Peter 
It. ( tari'ctt. a native of \'irginia, born November 
• t, IHi)!!. His father was the Rev. Silas ( Jarrctl, a 
Kaptist minister and farmer, who eniigrateil to 
.leffei-son County, Ky.. where lie lived and died. 
Peter I!., the lamented husband of our subject, 
seltled on his father's farm after his niarri.age, 
and there the young couple iH'gan life and re- 
m;iined until is.'l.'i, when they emigrated to Illi- 
nois, making the long journey in wagons. They 
located in Camp Point Township. Adnms County, 
pitching their camps in the woods, where they 
resided until their log cabin was built, doing 
from necessity what their deseendnnts do for 
pleasure. The country was verv wild and unset- 
tled, but few people had preceded them to the 
.State. .Mud the great groves resounded with .«ong» 
of birds, and deer and wolves were plentiful. Mr. 
(Jarrett employed his time in improving his farm, 
which was prairie, part of which he broke with his 
team of horses, but later he used oxen. He was 
an active and industrious young man. working 
hard on his fniin of one hundred and sixty acres, 
to which he added from time to time until he 
ownecl about eight hundred acres at the lime of 
his death. 

When tlie lirst railroad ran through the pl:ice. 
.Mr. (iarretl was one of the men who laid out the 
town of Camp Point, and. :is a part of his land included in the town plot, its value was in- 
creased. He was elected to the State Legislature 
for one term on the Repuhlienn ticket. Ashe hauled 
his grain to i^iiincy to market, he metnian\- of the 
prominent men of the section and soon became 
well known throughout the .">tate. His death oc- 
curred .lanuarv 1'.'. IHG.'). He was a good man. 
.•ictive in church work and a member of the Chris- 
tian Church. He had gained the res|>ect and 
esteem of all who knew him. and he held many 
of the township oltlces. In 1M.')0. he cret'ted a 
nice brick residence on his farm and built a mill 
in the early days, which was run by oxen. In 
time, he made a lloiir and feed mill and sub- 
stituted stenni for the ox-power. This mill was 



:i great accommodation to the people of the sec- 
tion. He was one of the men whose life should 
1)8 thoroughly written up as a memento of past 
pioneer life and of the success which attends hon- 
est industry. 

Mr. and Mrs. Garrett had eleven children, viz.: 
Silas, Mary, Robert; Richard, who died in the war; 
Susanna, deceased; Sarah, Elizabeth, George W., 
Christopher B., .Tohn H. and Albon A. They are 
all married, and the last-named child lives on the 
old home place and is a farmer. 

Mrs. Garrett has been a member of the Chris- 
tian Church since she was eighteen years of age. 
She has passed a useful, honored life and enjo^'S 
the esteem of the county. Her mother-in-law, 
Judith Booth, of Virginia, died at the home of 
the Hon. Peter B. Garrett at the age of forty-nine. 

Mrs. Garrett, our subject, lives just on the edge 
of the town in her beautiful house, surrounded by 
the trees and rare shrubberj" which have been 
planted by her own hands. Both she and her hus- 
band were worthy pioneers, working hard all their 
lives, and now Mrs. Garrett enjoys the fruits of 
their united labors. She is a lady possessed of 
admirable qualities that make her a favorite among 
her circle of friends and acquaintances. 

■ J t»i > i^jp^.^.^ 

"Yf A. WAGNER, M. I)., is a physician of abil- 
it}- and high standing in Adams County 
and makes a specialty of diseases of the nose, 
throat and lungs, along which lines he is 
considered one of the ablest phj-sicians in his sec- 
tion of the country. AVhile enjoying a lucrative 
practice, he is known as a careful and conscientious 
practitioner, who is more devoted to medicine for 
the sake of science than for purely personal reasons. 
He was born in the county in which he now resides 
Oetol)er 20, 1853, to .Jacob and Mary A. (Brown) 
Wagner, the former of whom was a millwright in 
early life but finall}^ turned his attention to farm- 
ing and stock-raising, in the pursuit of which oc- 
cupations he met with well-deserved success. The 

paternal grandfather, Henry Wagner, was a Penn- 
sylvanian by birth and a German by descent, and 
in the Commonwealth founded by the great law- 
giver, William Penn, .lacob Wagner was born and 
reared. He became a resident of Melrose Town- 
ship, Adams Count}', 111., in 1839, and here became 
well known as an honorable, upright man, and a 
useful and progressive citizen. 

Up to the age of nineteen 3-ears, .1. A. Wagner 
resided on the home farm, his summers being de- 
voted to tilling the soil and his winters to attend- 
ing the district school near his rural home. In the 
fall of 1872, he found himself fitted, both intel- 
lectuall)- and financially, to enter college, and for 
one year thereafter he pursued his studies in Chad- 
dock College. During this time his generous na- 
ture turnrd instinctively to the broad field of 
human suffering for his life work, and in 1875 we 
find hini in the Medical Department of .lefferson 
College, of Philadelphia, Pa., from which he gradu- 
ated as an M. D. March 10, 1877. Immediately 
after he returned to (Juincy, and up to the spring 
of 1884 was engaged in general practice, then be- 
came a specialist and has been very svieeessful in 
his treatment of diseases of the throat, nose and 
lungs. He is at present conducting almost exclus- 
ively an oflice practice, which is large and lucra- 
tive. He believes in a progressive 33-stem of medi- 
cine, and notes with eager interest every progres- 
sive step taken by his profession, especially in his 

Dr. AVagner is the inventor of several instru- 
ments peculiarly adapted to his line of work, and 
since he entered upon his life work has been a 
benefactor to mankind. He has alwaj's acted with 
the Republican party. Temperate in all things 
himself, he can not be otherwise than an advocate 
of temperance in others, and strives by every means 
in his power to promote temperance and sobriety. 
He is strongly in favor of Prohibition. He is 
Jledical Examiner of Peerless Lodge No. 11 of the 
Mutual Aid Society of Quincy, is interested in 
many movements tending to the public welfare. 
and as a man his character is unassailable. 

In the year 1880 he was married to Miss Mary 
F. Reeder, daughter of William Reeder, of Melrose 
Township, Adams County, but in 1881 ho was 



calli'd ii|iuu tu nuiurn lier death, she leaving' him 
with oiu- chih! tu care for. William W. Ilis second 
:iiid |iif>fiU tiiiion t<K>k place in OctolnT. 1H8(>, 
Miv« .Maiv K. Tavliir. n <laiiy;litfr i>f Sainiii-rravlor 
of Ko(-k|>oi't, I'ikc County, III., hccomin}>; his wife, 
and cvfiitiiailN till' niotlior of his lliivo childron: 
l.iln lU'llc. Lillian .Mat' and .lai-oli SaniUfl. Mr>. 
Wni^iuT is a devout mcmlior of the .Methodi.'<t 
K|iisi'o|ial Clini'i'li and is a lady of nuK-h intt'lli- 
tH'iicc anil forci- of i-liaracler. This household is 
an iili-al oiii- and she preside-s over it with a ■;iiice 
and diLTiiity thai stamp her a- a model lad v. 



:*/ KANDKU lilUkr, is the ownei of one of 
I /Q the finest farms of Adams County, located 
i — Ni on section 12, I'rsa Township. He i.« also 
a representative citizen of the eommunily and an 
honored veteran of the late war. ami it is with 
pleasure that we present his sketch to our reailers. 
lie was horn near <^nincy. on .Mill Creek, .March 7, 
ISI I. and is a son of Hiram and Hehecca (tiawt) 
Hurke, the former a native of Ntirth Carolina and 
the latter of Kentucky. The paternal ;:ran<lfatlier 
was a native of the Emerald Isle. The father of 
our suliject was a cooper liy trade. Kmiiiratinj; to 
Kentui'k\ in an early day, he locatf d near Coviiij;- 
ton, and followed that husiness until in:tt>, when 
he came to .\dams County, III., and purclia.sed 
land on .Mill Creek, near <^uincv. lie was anionic 
the first settlers in that secti<»n of the county, lie 
was very fond of huutinir, and in those early days 
killed many deer. In lM;i«, he removed to I'rsa 
T(jwnsliip, locatinjj west of Marcelline, and after- 
ward purchased a farni on section 12, near I'rsn, 
where he spent the remainder of his life, dyi'ij; in 
i««:l at the age of eighty four years, lie held a 
numhi-r of local oHIces, and was a memhcr of the 
Christian Church. The motlici- of our snitject dieil 
in IK4'.I, and .^^r. Burke was .again married. 

The subject of this sketch was the seventh in a 
family of ten children horn of the first union, of 
whom three are vet liviuy. lie wsis educutcii iu 

the primitive schools, and at the age of seventeen 
left home to make his own way in the world. With 
luit a nickel in his pocket, and with two shirts tied 
up in a handkerchief, he started out t'l hunt work. 
lie seeurc<l a posititm as a farm-hand in I'rsa 
Town>hip. and for f<tur months' lahor received 
only i<lii. lie worked in that way for three _\ears, 
and his largest wages were only ♦l.'tper month. 
In the spring of IHfil, he hegan learning the hlack- 
smith's traile in .Marcelline, hut in the fall of I«ti2 
aiiandoucd it to enter his country's .service. 

Mr. Hurke enlisted as a mcmlier of Company H, 
Seventy-eighth Illinois Infantry, an<l the regi- 
ment organized at l^uincy was comniunded hy 
C<j1. William II. Dennison. They went to .lelTer- 
sonville. Ind., crossed the river to Louisville, and 
did guard duty f(jr some time. In Doceinher, 
IH(!2, the company was taken [irisoner hy .Mor- 
gan, on the Louisville A- Nitshville liailroad, and 
when paroled was .sent to Hcnton Barracks. .Mr. 
Burke wiis there exchanged, and just had time to 
join the army under Sherman licfore the liattle of 
Mission Ridge. He also participated in the hat- 
tie of Rome, and was with Sherman until after 
the capture of .Vtlaiitn. where he was taken sick 
and .sent to the rear. .Vfter his recovery, he was 
transferred to an Ohio command and took part in 
the hattlc of Nashville. He was then sent by 
water to I'arkei-sburg, Va., and went on to 
Washington, boarding a steamer at Georgetown, 
whence he proceedeil to Ft. Beaufort. There were 
three hundred .<»oldici-s on the vessel. A great 
storm came up, which lasted three days and nights, 
and not a man expecte<l to see land again. Mr- 
Burke iiiMrched from Ft. Beaufort to (Joldshoro, 
N. ('.. a distance of one hundred miles, and there 
joineil his old regiment. .V few days later, they fol- 
lowed .lohnston to Raleigh, -\fter the surrender 
of Lee, they started for Washington, marching for- 
iv-live miles a day until the city was reached. He 
participated in the (!rand Review, the most celc- 
liratol military pageant of the New World, and was 
then mustered out. receiving his discharge .lune 
2.'1, 1MG.1, in Chicago. He saw siune hard servic*-, 
hut was ever found at his post, faithfully perform- 
ing each ilnty. 

Uu his return from the war, Mr. Burke began 



f.arrning on the old homestead, wliere he has since 
resided. He now owns eiglit\- acres on section 12, 
I'rsa Township, lying on the second bottoms of the 
Mississii)pi, and no finer land can l»e found in the 
county. Tlie farm is under a liigli state of culti- 
vation, and its neat appearance indicates his en- 
ergy and industry. He was married on the 12th 
of December, 1867, to INIiss Sarah L. Rockwell, a 
native of Mendon, and three children have been 
horn unto them: Silva O., wife of (ieorge W. 
Grimes, a farmer of this township; Alta Belle, and 
Rosa Catherine. 

In political sentiment, Mr. Burke is a stalwart 
Republican, and has served as School Director for 
fifteen years. The cause of education ever finds 
in him ,i warm friend, and he done much for 
its advancement. Socially, he is a member of the 
Grand Array of the Republic, the Independent 
Order of Odd Fellows, and himself and wife are 
both members of the Christian Church. Througli- 
out the community tliey are held in high esteem 
for tiieir excellencies of character, and their friends 
are many. 

ON. JOHN McADAMS, is the proprietor of 
the Seaton Hotel, Quincy, 111., which is rec- 
ognized as one of the leading hotels of the 
city. He born in the county in which 
lie is now residing in .January, 184.'3, the eldest son 
of \Villiamand Elizabeth (Taylor) McAdams, both 
of whom were born in the Blue Grass region of 
Kentucky, in which State their childhood days 
were si)ent. The father was born in 1816, was 
reared to the life of a farmer in Adams County, 
111., and when starting out to make his own way 
in the world, at the age of eighteen years, he verv 
naturally followed in the footsteps of his father, 
and began devoting his attention to agricultural 
pursuits in (ireene County, 111. His father, .Jc)hn 
McAdams, sis well ,as the latter's wife, was born in 
the Emerald Isle, but sougiit a home for him.self 
(lud family uii Auierican shores, wUvf^ yottujie 

smiled on him and where he resided until death 
called him home. 

John McAdams, wliose name heads this sketch, the eldest son and third child in a family of 
nine children, six of whom lived to maturity. Like 
a dutiful son, he assisted his father on the lu)me 
farm until he had nearly attained his majority, in 
the meantime acquiring a practical education in 
the common schools, which lie supplemented by a 
tw-o-years coui'se in the schools of (Quincy. Upon 
leaving home to earn his own livelihood, he com- 
menced farming, .as an t)ccupation with which he 
was most familiar, and in time acquired sutlicient 
means to enable him to purchase two hundred acres 
of land, which he so admirably impro\ed in every 
way, with buildings, fences, orchards, etc., that 
when he sold it, in 1880, it brought him in the sum 
of ^22,(10(1. 

In 187il, he was elected on the Democratic ticket 
to the State Legislature and served in the ses- 
sion of 1880-81, during which time he showed 
the vvorkings of a fine intellect, and his rep- 
utation as a pure and intelligent Legislator was 
of the very best. He was an active supporter of 
grave! roads, and also took a prominent stand on 
the lime question. He was an active member in 
other ways, and upon the completion of his term, 
he returned to <^»uiiicy and began dealing in grain, 
a business he followed with success up to September 
of 1891, when he inirchased the Seatou Hotel, of 
which he took possession in May, 1892, and has 
conducted it with good success ever since. In the 
month of March, 1863, Miss Anna, the daughter of 
James Smith, Esi]., of Adams County, became his 
wife, and in due course of time a family- of five 
children gathered about his hearthstone, those 
living being Harry M., William and Lewis S. 
.lames Smith, the father of Mrs. McAdams, was 
one of the very early settlers of Adams County 
and was a man of excellent reputation, who 
empKiyed his time to the best advantage and 
endeuvered to follow the teachings of the Golden 

Mr. Jlc.Vdams has always taken an active inter- 
est in politics, believing it to be the duty of every 
loyal citizen to support the man whom he consid- 
ers best littecl ioy uny position, He is ratec] as a 



111:111 of rons|)icii(ni-i intellifjencp. aiKi, lu'iii^r f<irl\- 
nilii" \i'!irs of a<ic. is in tin- wry zi-iiitli of his 
powers, lit- is a strong i'li!iin|>i<iii of what In- lic- 
licvcs to 1)0 riiilit and is honest nu<\ tiiin in his 
convictions. lie is a model citizen of a model 
|{o)>iihlic. loval. hiw-al)iding: and iiiiWic-spiiited. 

i;\'. KKHDINAM) liKRi JMKYKR. Superior 
of SI. Francis' Mona.--ler_v, is a zealous 
■M Y\ worker for llie cause of Christianity, and 
liis iiidefatiirahU' efforts in this direction 
have liceii cniwncd with success. In the very 
earliest history of the Mississippi Valley, the 
l)laek-gowne(l priest in his hircli canoe, armed 
with his crucili.x and breviary, led the way to civ- 
ilization and came, devoted, eager and intense, and . 
with hut one object before his heart and eyes, to 
snatch from misery the poor and ignorant, and to 
break the bread of life eternal to those who were 
in the shadow of death. Tiie ijood work has gone 
on and great results have been accomplished. , 
Father Uergineyer is especially relined. intelligent j 
and eloquent, and has accompli>hcd much since 
taking upon liimself his priestly duties. 

He was born in Riesenbeck, Germany, Oetolier 
.•50, l«2l), a son of Henry and .Mary .\. (Ileilers) 
Bergmeyer, the former of whom was a farmer by 
occupation. Ferdinand, the elder of their two 
children, spent his boyhood in Riesenlieck, and 
after attending the common schools for eight 
years, entered college at .Minister, where he re- 
mained live years. Succeeding this, he began the 
study of theology and philosophy in I'aderborn 
University, in (iermany, where he remained four 
years, graduating in 1H.')H. lie was ordaiiieil at 
Paderborn. and in IX.jK came to America, and 
after a short residence in New York, at which city 
he landed, he removed t<i 'I'eiitopolis, Klliiighaiii 
County, 111., where he had charge of St. Anthony 's 
Church until 1H*;|. 

In .Iiine, IJ^til, i|c caiiif to (.^uincy as l'a>lor of 

•^l. I'rancis' (liunh and Superior of SI. Franeis' 
Monastery, and .-ibly lilled his onerous duties until 
December 2."), IMii'.t, at which time he was sent to 
the city of St. Louis, Mo., to liecome Pastor of .St. 
.Vnthony's Church and guardian of .St. Francis" 
Monastery. In 1«77. he left St. Louis and went di- 
rectly to Iiidiaiia|x>lis, Ind., where he became 
Pastor of the Sacred Heart Church, and Superior of 
the Home, di.scharging the ilulies of these positions 
with the utmost wisdom and intelligence until 
lXK;"i. At this time, he was sent to Santa Haibara. 
Cal., and there l)ecame guardian of the olii Fran- 
ciscan Missicm. the history of which is romantic 
and interesting, and here he remained three years, 
and then returned to .St. I..ouis, .Mo., where his 
home continued to be until IH'Jl. 

He remained in that city as Provincial .Superior, 
but in .luly. 18'Jl, liecame a resident of '^uincy, 
and took upon hini-seif the duties of Superior of 
St. Francis' Monastery. In his labors, he I)een 
earnest and persistent, working for the good of 
others rather than for his own glory, but has se- 
cured a part of his reward in this world, for he has 
the conlidence, love and respect of his fellows and 
the consciousness that he has brought many to the 
feet of Christ. His residence is at the Monaster^'. 


IIO.MAS WIHTK. President of the Whit.' 
//j-\ Stove Coiii[)any, '^uincy. III., is another of 
^i^' the many prominent citizens of the county 
who arc natives of iMuiny Scotland, having 
been born in (Jlasgow, in 1S2.'>. His parents, 
Thoinas and Fsther (Watson) White, wcreidsip na- 
tives of that country, where the father was a manu- 
facturer of silk goods. Our subject received his 
scholastic training in his native country, and rc- 
iiiaiiied there until 1H,')2. when he braved Neptune's 
lender mercies and came to the I'nitcd .states. 
Previous to this, he had learned the carpenter's 
and pattern-maker '> trades, and after touching 
American soil, he determined to put these inl«i 
practice. He landed at New Orleans, and went 
thence direct to t^uinoy, HI., by boat, 



In tliis city our .subject was employed by tlie 
Comstock Stove Company, and worked at his trade 
for twelve j'ears, meeting with unusual success. 
When lie first came to this city, lie possessed but 
little of this world's goods, but lie did possess that 
which alwa^'s insures the success of men. He was 
honest, ambitious and industrious, and liy these, as 
his only ca[iital, he has advanced step by step, 
higher and higher, until he is now at the summit 
of a successful life. He possesses the spirit of the 
Pilgrim Fathers, and thus made this Western 
county his home, where all have been blessed and 
benefited by his coming. 

In 1863, Mr. White, Mr. Bonnet and Mr. Duffy 
commenced the manufacture of stoves and hollow- 
ware under the firm name of White, Bonnet A- Co., 
possessing a total capital of about $3,000. In 
1866, Mr. White bought out the interests of his 
partners and conducted the business, which has 
grown very large, alone until 1887, when the iires- 
^nt business, under the name of tlie Tliciraas White 
Stove Company, «as incoiporated as a stock con- 
cern, with a paid-up capital of 81.50,000. Their 
foundiy, warerooms and offices occupy nearly a 
half-lilock in the heart of tlie city, and are, as may 
be imagined, veiy valuable property. 

As Mr. White was foreman of the Ph<enix Stove 
Company Works about 186(1, it may again be seen 
how energy and enterprise, honest\- and industry, 
will win in the city of '^uincy, if practiced as Mv. 
White has practiced them, faithfully and persist- 
ently, and a successful life is that of the suliject of 
this sketch. When Mr. White first manufactured 
heating and cooking stoves, the company employed 
about one hundred men. This firm is now repre- 
sented by four traveling men on the road, and the 
trade extends over Illinois, Missouri, Kansas, Ne- 
braska, Iowa, the Territories, California and Min- 

The nuptials of our subject with Miss Mary 
Bowman, of Glasgow, Scotland, were celebrated in 
1848, and since that time an interesting group of 
six children has grown up around them, four 
daughters and two sons, as follows: Robert B., 
book-keeper in his father's office; Thomas C, Secre- 
tary of the Stove AVoiks; Marion, Esther, Laurena, 
»iul 3Xar)', now Mrs, Wilson, a-t home, Ju politics, 

he affiliates with the Republican party. ' He and Mrs. 
I White are members of the Congregational Church, 
I in which he is Trustee, and both are very active 
I workers in the church. They are popular with 
all classes and are among the representative cit- 
izens. Mr. White is a member of Bodley Lodge 
No. 1, A. F. it A. M.; Quincy Chapter No. 5, 
R. A. M.; Beauseant Comma ndery No. 11, K. T., 
and Treasurer of the same, lie has a choice loca- 
tion at No. 1806 Broadway. <)iiincy. 

^^^HOMAS S. WALLACE, who is engaged in 
general farming on section 7, Concord 
Township, and also owns quite a large 
apiary, claims Kentucky as the State of his na- 
tivity. He was born in Garrard County, on the 
26th of .lanuary, 1834, and is a sou of Shannon 
and Eli/.alietli (Reed) Wallace. The father was 
born in Garrard County in June, 1799, and died 
December 4, 18r)8, and the mother was born in 
Shelby County, Ky., in October, 1804, and died 
.July 6, 1888. Tliev were married in Kentucky 
November 1, 1827. His maternal grandfather was 
a Revolutionary soldier, who heroically battled for 
independence. During an engagement he was 
captured b.\' the liritish, but succeeded in making 
his escape. 

Our subject is the youngest of a family of tliree 
children. His sister, Sarah Jane, became the wife 
of William Wallace, a fruit-grower, of Monmouth, 
111. The brother, Reed, was born in 1830, wedded 
Mary Ann Fmley, and is engaged in agricultural 
pursuits in Missouri. 

Thomas Wallace spent his boyhood days in the 
usual manner of farmer lads. He attended the 
district schools during the winter season, and in 
the summer aided in the labors of the farm. He 
remained under the parental roof and assisted his 
father in the cultivation of the home farm until 
his marriage, which was celebrated November ;">, 
185.'), Miss Mary .lane Ralston becimiing his wife. 
The lady wssborn in Tennessee in ]S39,»nd twelyt? 



children linvc Ikhmi born of tlicir union, of whom 
Wi\ are vol liviiij;. tlu' cl<Ii'>t of wlioni is Kli/.itlictli 
R.: Saiiuu-1, wlio we(l<U'<l Miiiy lUiick NovfinlnM- 
;•. IM^<•2, is n fanner in Aii/.onii: Man Ann and an 
infantson ariMltH't-asi-d; Rt-cd isi'n<;af;cd in fainiinj; 
in 'I'l-nni-sMH'; Saiali M. is at lionH-; Anna M.. Shan- 
non, .Icnnif. Thomas . I.. Ki-fd and. losi'pli Henry are 
.still under the parental louf. The ehildrenall re- 
ceived irotid educational advantjittes. sueli as wnulrl 
lit them for the practical duties of life, and one of 
the dau};htei> isenija^jed in teaching school. Sarah 
.M. is a crayon artist, ami is located in i^iiincy. 

'I'hrouithout his entire life. Mr. Wallace has fol- 
lowed the occupatit>n of farminsr. Me now owns 
a valuable farm of two hundred and nineteen 
acres. The arable land has been placed under a 
hi<;li state of cultivation, and yields a <;<ilden Irib- 
tilo to his care and labor. In cDnm-ctioii with 
>;eneral farminj^. he is also engaired in bee culture, 
and has an apiary of one hundred hives, lie has 
met with success in this line of work, anil from 
the sale of honey reaps ajrtMid income. The many 
improvements upon his farm stand as monuments 
to his enterprising and progressive spirit, and he 
ranks among the substantial and leading agrieul- 
tuiisLs of Concord Township. In his religious be- 
lief, Mr. Wallace is a I'nitcd I'resbyterian, holding 
memltersliip with the clinrch in Clayton. He ex- 
ercises his right of franchise in support of Repub- 
lican principles, and is an active worker in the 
intere.»ls of his party. The cause of education 
finds in him a warm friend, ancl while serving 
during the past lifteen years .is Director, he has 
<lone effective service for the schools in this com- 
miinilv and their advancement. 




DSKl'll AD.V.MV. Ill this age of gross and 
almost universal adulteration, it is a pleas- 
ure to In? able to refer to those reliable 
houses where the people are assured of ob- 
taining only the purest and best goods, and »licic 
no imposition is practiced on credulous customers. 


Of such is the responsible establishment of .losopli 
.Vdamy. wholcMdc liipior ilealer. whose business is 
located at No. '>'22 Hampshire Street. </uiucy. 
The aim of this popular house has always Iteen to 
cany onl.\' pure and lirst-class goods .-it reasonable 
price*: and that this fact has not been unappre- 
ciated by the trade and general public is abiinil- 
antly evinced by the cxtcu-iivi' and inllncntial pat- 
roii:(ge secured in this and other States. 

.Mr. .\dumy wa> bom in riiis»la. in Dccciiilicr. 
D^.'tl.and until fourteen ycai-s of age received his 
education in tin- common st'hool.s of that country. 
.Vt that age. he entered the College at .Minister, 
Westphalia. Cerinany. ami there pui-sued his stud- 
ies for live \ears. The New Worlil at that time 
had many attractirtns for him. .-iiid in IH.'it he 
braved the st<uniy deep and lauded safely in the 
liarUir of New Orleans. From there he went up 
the .Missis,sippi River to ijuincy. and accepted a 
position in the grocery store of .lolin li. Mcismaii, 
with whom he remained for two years. He after- 
ward clerked for various lirms in (/uiiicy, and 
wherever he was employed his services were duly 
appreciated, for he w.a.s industrious and willing. 
Leaving ( juincy, he went to liiirlington. Iowa, and 
was engaged as clerk for ( Icorire I5u>h .V Co. for 
four years. 

.\fter visiting for .-i \c;ir in the Fatherland, Mr. 
.Vdamy returned to thcCnited .State's in lX'>.3.and. 
locating in (juiiicy, embarked in the wholesale 
liipior business in partnei-ship with Mr. Levy, under 
the linn name of Adamy >y Levy. That partner- 
ship continued until 1)^70. when .Mr. Lcv\' sold 
out to oiirsubjecl. who assumed full control of the 
busine.'>s. He occupies a large warerooin, 2."ix 12(1 
feet, where he handles all kinds of liipio|-s and 
line wines, selling to retailei-s anri jobbei-s in Illi- 
nois. Missouri and Iowa, lie conducts a success- 
ful enterprise and is foremost in his business in 
this ((art of the country. His house has a reputa- 
tion that is unsiirpas.oed for the tptalily of it-s 
goods, the purity of which is iiinpiestioned, and 
which are largely used for medicinal and s.acramen- 
tal purposes. 

In Itcardstow II, III.. .Mr. .Vilaiiiy was married 
to Miss Cary, d.'inghter of Dr. T. HntTman.and 
live children have blessed this uuioii. Tbcy have 



an elegant home at No. 1200 North Fifth Street, 
fiuinoy, and are prominent in social circles. In 
politics, our subject is a decided Democrat, and 
soci.ill^- is a prominent member in the Masonic 
lodge, having reached the Twenty-second Degree, 
Knights Templar. He is a member of the Royal 
Arcanum. As a business man, he has few supe- 
riors, and as a citizen and neighbor he is highly re- 


15KAM BP:NT0N. One of the most prom- 
inent among the merchants and farm- 
ers of Adams County who have found a 
home in Mendon is the original of this 
His great-grandfather was named Tim- 
othy Benton, and was one of tiiree brothers 
who came from England to Americi and then 
scattered, the ancestor of our subject settling 
in Connecticut. The grandfather was named Tim- 
othy Benton, and was a native of (iuilfurd. Conn., 
being a farmer there, and the father of our Mr. 
Lot Benton was born in Guilford in 1773. The 
latter was one of the strong supporters of the 
Congregational Church there, and was noted for 
his singing. Tiic mother of our subject was 
Hannah Ciiittcndcn, and was a native of Guilford; 
she was born in 1877, and was a daughter of .lared 
and Deborah (Stone) Chittenden. .Tared was a son 
of William Chittenden, who was a son of William, 
the son of Thomas, who in turn was the son of the 
William who came to America from England in 
1639, and settled in Guilford, Conn. In this old 
town the parents of our subject passed their da^'s, 
and the aged mother lived until ISfil, but tiie 
father's life closed in 1822. They were the parents 
of seven children: Raphael, Daniel, Erastus, Julia, 
Delia, Joel and the subject of this notice, who was 
born November 9, 1814, at Guilford, Conn., and is 
the only surviving member of the family. He was 
reared on the farm, and brought up in the prim 
iimuner of the da\- and section. He was sent to 

the common school, and after that to an academy. 
He left home when eighteen years of age, like 
many other young men who are anxious to see 
the world for themselves. The record saj'S that he 
came to Mendon, then Fairfield, in 1831. The 
place had been settled by people from Guilford, 
and there was a blacksmith-shop in what was called 
the town, but the smith had to board two miles 
away. Daniel Benton, with a small stock of goods, 
had accompanied his young brother, and they 
built a double log house, which was quite a jialace, 
and the second house in the town limits. Thus they 
opened the first store in Mendon, although the 
stock was not very extensive. Daniel died in 
1836, and Abram then took entire charge of the 
goods, and had the exclusive trade for a long time. 
His stock was valued at i5l,.")00, but that was more 
than the actual capital. Trade was not very brisk, 
for customers were rare and money was scarce, 
and the poor store-keeper could not trade off every 
thing for honey, which was then a great substi- 
tute for mone3-. Three j-ears later, Mr. Benton 
built a frame building, but the old log cabin still 
stands, and has been added to and is now a dwell- 
ing. Gradually, as the town grew, his business 
also increased, and he carried it on at the old lo- 
cation until twenty years ago, when he removed to 
his present place, and now has the largest stock of 
goods in the village. For the last score of years 
he has owned and operated a farm also, and has 
made a good farmer. 

Mr. Benton was married in 1837 in Guilford, 
Conn., to Miss Sarah Dudley Chittenden, who was 
an old schoolmate. She was born there Febru- 
ary 1, 181.5, and was the daughter of David and 
Lucy (Fowler) Chittenden. Her father was a son 
of Simeon Chittenden, who was the son of Deacon 
Simeon, who was the son of Josiah, who was the 
son of Thomas. 

Mr. and Mrs. Benton are the parents of two 
children: Sarah J., born July 17, 1838, the wife of 
S. S. Arnold, lives in this village. She has two 
bright children, Sarah Louisa and Frances B. Ruth 
Frances, born February 16, 1841, is the widow of 
A. J. Leggett, and lives in St. Louis. Mo., and has 
four childi en : Sarah M., John B., Abram and Ruth F. 

Mr. Benton given his children good school 


2 1 ;• 

advantages, and lias always pi vcn his support to all 
pitlilii- institutions siK-li as c'lnin-luvs and s«-Ik>oIs. Ili> 
ftuBily »i"i-' consistent Christian pooplc. nieniliors of 
the ('oHKrv^atiunal ( linroh. and their intluenoe Inis 
cvpr liecn for <ftiod iu Ihtir nfif:lilMirh<Mid. Mr. lU-n- 
ton is a ineinU-r of the ludvpeudcni Order of Odd 
I'Vllows. and in his pollti<'nl opiuions, he favors 
tlie Hrpulilican part v. lie «ji.> ori;;inally a .lames 
( '>. Kirnry man. 

Our suliject is a man of lar;;e pioperty interests' 
lie owns a farm of live hundred and forty-seven 
acres in .Vdams (.'ounty, in St. Uiuis owns a very 
fine residence pro|>orty on Kuclid and Itates Ave 
nue.s, and in the village of .Mendon he hn.> a large 
double store .ind loUs on Collins .Street and also 
two residences, lie also owns a two-thirds interest 
in thirty-six building lot-s in Hastings, Neb., ami 
eighty-four city lot-s in (iran<l Haven. Mich. 

.Mr. IWnton's family and their connections are 
among the most prominent |>eople in the county. 



I,. sTAKKH. a wide-awake and enterpris- 
ing young liusiness man of Claytcm. is en- 
gaged in the practice of law and the publi- 
cation of the Clayton, of which 
he is lioth editor and proprietor. As he is well 
and favorably known in this community, his per- 
sonal history will prove of interest to many of our 
readers, and with pleasure we ret-ord it in this vol- 

Mr. Sluker was Imhii in I'ike (ounty. 111., .May 
2<'. I**.'>M, and is a son of W'iliium and I'liieU' 
(Davidson) .Staker. His paternal grandfather emi- 
grated from Canada to Illinois in a very earl\ 
day. and his father was Uirn in the (Queen's do- 
minion in 1K32. Inearlv life he foll(jwed the o<-cii- 
palion of farming, but for twenty-six years has 
been engaged in the lire insurance business with 
marked success. The mother of the subject of this 
sketch wiLs lM>rn in Ohio, and came to this .State 
with her parents. Rev. .lames II. anil Sarah ( Duck- 
wall) DavidM)n. when a girl uf »ixt4.-en, and in the 

Near lH.'i<! wa.s married to William Staker. Their 
family numU-reil only three children. The sistei-s 
of our subject are .\ddie, who was born in ixti4. 
and married .lohn (}. Hurge.sser. by whom she has 
one chilli; she lesides in Clayton. Ilattie, Immii in 
IXtil.and IS the wife of It. K. Woosler. a promi- 
nent businessman in Jacksonville, III. 

The subject of this sketch .•U'c|uired his liteniry 
education in the Clayton gr:ided scIkkiIs, and 
when he looked altont him for a profession or oc- 
cup«tiou wliieli he wished to follow, he chose that 
of law. After graduating fi'om the law school in 
ItliHimiugton in 18JJ0, he liegan practice in the 
home of his childh(x>d and youth, continuing 
in practice ever since. In the year of ISMC. he 
Ijegan the publication of the Entfi-jtrinf. The 
paper ha.s Ik-cu estjiblished since IK7'J. Tlirou<!h 
the iH-i-severanif and ability of .Mi-. Staker. it has 
l>ecome one of the lending journals in this part of 
the State. The paper is independent in politics, 
and is devoted to the interests of the l<x*ality in 
which it is published and to general news. It is a 
bright, interesting six-column ipnirlo, well edited, 
and its subsi-riptiun list includes nearly all |>ersons 
in the vicinity where it is published and is coii- 
slantly iinpioving. .\ liber.-il patronage is cer- 
tainly well ileserved. 

In IH7!t. Mr. .Slaker was united in marriage with 
.Miss .lenuie K. Montgomery, an educated and ac- 
complished young lady, who wa.s born in Clayton, 
ill |n.")H. Two children grace their union: Ray 
Montgomery, aged nine years, and Fred Merwyn. 
aged seven. Their home is one of the liiiest resi- 
dences in Clayton U-inga comniodiousand beauti- 
ful dwelling built in modern style. 1 1 is neatly and 
last<'fully fuinislied, :ind is situated on a pretty 
lawn, deeoi-ated with shade and ornamental trees, 
ll i« also the abode of hospitality, and its doors 
aie ever open for the reception ol their many 
frieiiiN. Ill his sficial relations, Mr. Staker is a 
meinlH-r of the ( Idd Fellows' siK-iety. the Modem 
Woodmen of .Vmerica, the OiHid Templai>, and is 
a prominent Mason, belonging to the Klue Lodge, 
Chapter, F.nslern Star and Commandery. He is a 
faithful member of the rresliyterian Church, and 
is a friend to all charitable and iH-nevolent inter- 
ests. \\\ his pen and personal effoits he exerts u 



strong influence in behalf of all that tends to up- 
build or benefit the community. He is a friend to 
education, morality and temperance, and the com- 
munity finds in him a valued citizen. 



K)0DF()KIJ LAWRENCE, formerly occu- 
pying an important place in the farming 
^^^ community of Payson Township, departed 
this life in 1879. He was a native of Fauquier 
County, Va., having been born in 1800, and was a 
lad of twelve years when he accompanied his par- 
ents on their removal to Warren County', Ky. Li 
the Blue Grass State, he grew to mature years, and 
was given an excellent education, which fitted him 
to teach school. 

In 1828, returning to his native State, Mr. Law- 
rence was united in marriage with Miss Mar}' 
Mewmaw, wlio accompanied him to Indiana, where 
they resided for one year and then, coming to 
Adams County, they located one mile east of 
where the flourishing village of Paj'son now 
stands. When first locating in this vicinity, the 
land was unimproved, and it was a very difficult 
matter to clear away the heavy timber that covered 
it. In the year 1832. he cut grass from where is 
now the site of the village, and taught the first 
school in Pa\son Townsliip, wliich was conducted 
in a log schoolhouse, rudely constructed, with 
puncheon Hotir and all tlie primitive furnishings 
so well known to the majority of our readers. 

To Mr. and Mrs. Lawrence was born a family- 
of eight children: Louisa, the wife of George W. 
Holeman, of Richfield Township, this county; 
Susan, Mrs. .lames Ellington, of Trenton, Mo.; 
Alpha, the wife of .Iiunes Mack, also of tliat place; 
Bluford; Alfred; liodliam, who resides in Medicine 
Lodge, Kan.; Cliitesler S. and Woodford ;\I., the 
latter of whom resides in CarroUton, Mo. Tiie father 
of our suljject, Rodham Lawrence, a native 
of Virginia an<i a sohlier in the Revolutionarv lu-ing present at tiie surrejider of Cornwallis 

in 1783. His five sons were all born in a log 

shanty cm the claim where Chitester S. is at pres- 
ent residing. The last-named son was born in the 
year 1837, and was given an excellent education, 
completing his' studies at Abingdon College. At 
the age of twenty-six years, he began teaching 
school, which profession he followed for seven 
years, giving great satisfaction wherever employed. 
The lady to whom Chitester S. Lawrence was 
married in 1864 was Miss Hester J., daughter of 
William D. Baker. To them was granted a fam- 
il>' of six children, of whom the following four 
still survive: Alice, Si ba, Uoia and Ora. In 1892, 
Siba and Dora were appointed delegates to the 
Christian Endeavor Con vention held in New York 
City. They are both refined and intelligent young 
people, and take an active part in church work, 
being with their parents members of the Christian 
Church. In politics, this son is a stanch Democrat, 
and has jield important offices in his township, 
having been School Trustee for fifteen years. He 
has been industrious, prudent and thrifty, and has 
acquired considerable properly. The first repre- 
sentative of the Lawrence family was AVilliam 
Lawrence, who came from England to America 
and made his home in Viririnia in 1099. 

I ll I ' 

> m i ^ i iiL^T*i 

III . this notice is presented one of the intelli- 

^>^iJJ gent old residents of Quincy, who has done 
much to make her history what it is. 

(ieorge Theo Featheriugill, a member of the 
secret service of the city of (^lincy, was liorn in 
Oldham County, Ky., near Louisville, March 17, 
1845. His father, William, was also born in Ken- 
tucky, but his grandfather came fidiii England 
and settled in Oldham County, and became a 
planter very many years ago. He served in the 
War of 1812, and died in Kentucky. William 
was a farmer in Kentucky, but came to (Quincy in 
1832; he remained there a couple of years, tlien re- 
turned to Kentucky, and thenee moved to Missouri, 




where lie farme(l until IH.JI. He then l>i'<iu<]flit his 
family lu-re in a six-li<ii>e wajjon, and l<K'ated tii"st 
in I'rsa T<»vn>lii|i nn a farm of nuv Ijundit'il and 
sixty acres of land, wliicli lie luirriiit-ed and lin- 
provfd wi'll. lie died in IM.'i'.i. lielonfjinjf to the 
Deinoeratic parly. His wife was KIK-n Dale, Uirn 
in IJruiiswick, Mo., a daughter of a fanner there. 
She was ni.-iirieil a second time to a Mr. Inman, 
and now resides wiili lier children. Her father was 
named Christian Dale and was formerly a resi- 
dent of \'irginia, although of French descent. Mr. 
and Mrs. William Featheringill had eight cliililren, 
three yet living. 

Our subject cam<- to Adams County when he 
wa.s six years old. and remained at home on the 
farm, and as his father died when he was fourteen 
years of age, he took the entire charge, supporting 
the family until he was twenty-one, when his 
mother married again. His step-father, .lona- 
Ihan Inman. was a large farmer in KjiU Creek. III. 
(ieorge remained on the I'rsa farm and also took 
charge of his step-father's farm. .Mr. Inman wa.s a 
line man. and as long as he lived after Ins marriage, 
seven years, (ieorge managed his farm for him. 

Oiu' sulijecl was married, Kelirnary l.'i, 1X72. to 
Mary (iant. a resident of (^uincy. He continued 
on the farm until his wife's health failed, and in 
IKTf'i went to .San Antonio, Tex., and there en- 
gaged in the feed and produce business and had a 
wagon yard at Dallas. His wife died there and he 
returneil in 1«77. and then engaged in hotel busi- 
ness here, becoming the proprietor of the Missouri 
House and then the Franklin, but in six 
months he sold out and went to Kansas City and 
engaged in the hotel business there for six months: 
he then sold and returned here and again became 
pr(»|)rietor r)f the Mi.-souri House, where he con- 
tinned for three years and six nxinths. After this he 
sold out and became connected with the police 
force as a regular ixiliceman, and served seven 
years and eight montlis. While engaged in his 
duties, he showed such talent thai in lS!t2 lie w!x.s 
appointeil on secret detective work. 

Our subject was married herein |H«(I, to Miss 
Olive Summons, born in A<lams County, a daughter 
of Isaac Sammons. They have three childien: 
( hiin T.. Or:i .M.. anil Zolo. Mr. Fealheringill is 

a nieml)er of the Inde|>endent Order of Odd Fel- 
lows, of the Mnlual Aid .Society of Illinois, of 
the Christian Ciiuich, aiiil is a Democrat, very 
active in politics, having been a delegate lo .Slate 
and coiinly eonventions. While in Fall Creek, he 
was Treasurer of the Hoard of lligliw:iy Commis- 
sioners and School Diiectur three years. 

(»ur subject is an old settler of Adam> Cnuiity. 
and his varied experiences make him a very pleas- 
anl person to meet. 



1^/li ADISON WII.I.AKD. a pnmiinent fanner 
of section 10, Houston Township, is a na- 
tive of Cliiy County, Mo., born November 
* -'.'i. \x-2». His father, .lames Willaid. em- 

igrated with his family from Tennessee in 1N20, 
and settled in .Missouri. The land was so wild 
that the family was obliged to spend part of the 
lime in the liovernment fort, for protection from 
the Indians. They sixm tired of the new couiilr\ 
and returned to Tennessee. It w!i» while li\ ing 
in tlie wilds of Missouri that our subject wsis 

When Madison was twelve years old. the family 
moved to Morgan County. 111., in lM:t2. He was 
old enough to see .•iiul reiiieiuber various incident.s 
of pioneer life, and is familiar with many of the 
hardships that pioneei-s were made to sutler in the 
building up of this vast State. His p.arents, like 
nearly all of the eaily settlers, were poor and were 
obliged to get along .-is best they could, .Madi- 
son's school advantages were limited, as, when he 
could have attended them, even the rude schools 
that were held in log houses, with slabs for seats, 
were not eslnblished, and when the\' were, he was 
obliged to keep steadily at work to e:irn hi-- own 
living. However, he did manage to olit.ain .-i few 
months' schooling at one of these. His help was 
needed on the farm so badly thai it was no easy 
matter to get any lime for self-improvement, but 
what Mr. Willard lacked in (ducatimi from books 
he has made up in experience. There was a great 



deal of work to be done on that farm. Tlie land 

had to be cleared and broken, and the crop 
planted. The prairies were alive with deer and 
wolves, and as lie was fond of hunting, he killed 
nian3' a deer, and the family were never without 
fresh venison for very long at a time. He became 
a good marksman, and could kill a deer when rid- 
ing on horseback at break-neck speed, and there 
was notliing lie enjoyed better than such sport. 

After Mr. Willard had grown to manhood, he 
purchased one hundred and sixty acres of land, 
near!}' all level prairie, in the "Big Neck" section 
of Houston Township. He built a log cabin and 
broke the prairie land with five yoke of oxen, 
and also broke considerable land for neighbors. He 
located on his present farm early in the 'oOs, 
and now owns Ave hundred acres of land, all very 
choice. He did a great deal of stock-raising in his 
younger days. He has an interest in the Edison 
Silver Mine, near Aspen, Colo., and he is one of 
the original stockholders and developers of the 
mine, which paj'S him a handsome income. 

Our subject was married in 1855 to Lucina Tay- 
lor, of New York, who while young came West with 
her parents. She died a few ^ears after her mar- 
riage, leaving a daughter, Elmyra, now the wife 
of Laurence Miller, a farmer of this township. 
She was quite young when her mother died, but 
her father reared her and gave her a good educa- 

Mr. Willard is an industrious man and has 
earned all his property himself. He is a Democrat 
in politics and takes a livel_y interest in local 
affairs, as well as those of the State and Nation. 



I EV. LOUIS VON RAGUE. The advantages 
and possibilities of this country are not, 
under its .system of free government by the 
^^ people, open to American-born citizens ex- 
clusively, but to all nationalities who seek its citi- 
zenship. No nation in the world has broader, more 
prolific and definite fields for every class of human 

activity than the United States, and all it requires 
to realize these advantages is the cultivation of the 
gifts of nature in the direction that taste or oppor- 
tunity suggests. These, with the concentration of 
perseverance, faithful methods and high aims there- 
with, are the requisites essential to secure success in 
the pursuits of life. 

This is shown in the career of Rev. Louis von 
Rague, a native of (lutersloh, German^', born Feb- 
ruary 17, 1830, and at jjresent the popular pastor 
of Salem (German Evangelical Church, Quincy, 111. 
His parents, Charles and Fredrica (Schmidt) von 
Rague, were natives of (Jermany and thei-e spent 
their entire lives. Our subject, the second son of 
a family of five eliildrcn, ])assed his youthful days 
in Gutersloh, Germany, and received a good edu- 
cation in tiie schools of that place. J./ater, he entered 
the University of Osnabruck, at Munster, and pur- 
sued his studies faithfully for ten years, graduat- 
ing in 1864. 

The same year, imbued with a desire for a new 
field in which to exercise his energies, our subject 
emigrated to the United States and landed at New 
York City. From there he went to Milwaukee, 
Wis., and there took charge of Trieden's Church, 
of which he remained th(! pastor for three years. 
Leaving that city, he went to St. Paul, Minn., and 
assumed charge of St. Paul's German Evangelical 
Church in 1868, and ministered to the spiritual 
wants of his fellow-men in that city for four years. 
From there, Mr. von Rague moved to Hoyleton, 
Washington County, III., in 1872, and after re- 
maining there for six years and doing much good 
with his earnest, sincere words, he went to New 
Orleans, La., where he became pastor of St. Roasters, 
Church, continuing in the Sunny .'^outii for three 

In the fall of 1882. ISIr. von Rague came to 
Quincy, 111., and became pastor of Salem fiernian 
FJvangelical Church, and this position he still holds, 
having five hundred families in his congregation. 
Since his pastorate here, he has not allowed the 
work of the church to be at a standstill, either 
spiritually or practically. He is highly res[)ected 
by all classes in general, and is deeply interested 
in the good work in which he is engaged. A gen- 
tleman of fine physique, he also [lossesses excellent 



ijiialities its h inini of (■diicatioii and refinoinent. 
Me iiiiptirts ><iii;;iiliir pntlms uiid niiiiimtioii to Wis 
(li'livi'i'V. .•mil lii> elo(|iUMir«' ami i'Hriif>tiii'.ss have 
iK'cn i^^<t^llllR■lltnl in lirinjiini: iii.tiiy I" tin- feci of 

In the yi'Rv I SOU, Mr. vcii Raguo wiis uinrricd to 
Miss Nicoline (irabnii, who was iioni in Hromcn, 
(icrnmiiv, inicl who is a ladv of niiicli rolinuniont 
and ta.'-to. The pleasant lionii- wliereiii the family 
of oiir sniiject ja^allicr together is located on Ninth 
Street, at the northeast corner of State Street. In 
the family are seven children, six at home and 
one married. 


W . I.INDSKY is a ])rogresi<ive and success- 
ful farmer of Concord Township, resid- 
ini; on .section i;i, alK)ut five miles from 
Clayton, lie claims Illinois as the .Slate of 
his nativity, having lK>en horn in Schuyler County, 
in 1HI3. lie comes of an fild family of Virginia. 
Ills pat^'rnal jjraiidfather served in the War of 
1812. His parents were .lohn and .lane (Davis) 
Lindsey, the former a native of the Old Domin- 
ion, and the latter of Ohio. Their famil\ iium- 
liered two sonsan<I seven daufthtors. of whom live 
are now living. 

Our suliject, who is the sixth in order of liirtli, 
s|>enl his entire life in Illinois and under the 
parental roof was reared to manhood. His educa- 
tion wits aci|uired in the common scIkm.Is of the 
neighborhood, but at the age of seventeen he left 
.<icliooI and gave his entire time to farm work. He 
aided his father until he had attained iiis inajt.rity, 
and then .assumed the management of the home 
farm, which he had in charge until twenty-eight 
years of age. He then began fanning for himself. 
and purchased fifty acres of land in Brown 
County, for which he paid ♦l.OOO. He is a man 
of good business ability, enterprising and indus- 
trious, and by his well-direct«d efforts has won suc- 
cess. I'poii his fii-st farm he matlc his home until 

1876, when be rcmovetl to this county and pur- 
chased his present farm of sixty acres. His land is 
all iintler a high state of cultivation, from the 
pleasant dwelling to the remotest corner of the and everything is neat and thrifty in appear- 

In 1K72, Mr. Lindsey was united in marriage 
with A'irginia 1'., daughter of Daniel and 
Sarah (Miinday) I'iles. She wxs born in IHM. 
Four children grace their union, as f<dlows: Rosa, Imu'ii in 1H74; Klsie Heatrice, in lK7fi; ISertlia 
\'iola, in 1h7H; and .lames .Marcus, in I«S(l. The 
children are still under the parental roof and are 
attending the jjublic schools. 

Mr. I-indscy is a meinlM'r of the .Modern W I- 

inen's society, and, in politics, is a supporter of the 
Republican )>arty. He is a faithful citizen and is 
a friend to all enterprises calculated to prove of 
public benefit. He manifested his loyally to the 
fioverninent during the late war by joining the 
One Hundred and Nineteenth Illinois Infantry in 
186.3, but on account of physical disability his 
services were not accepted. All social, educational 
and moral interests find in him a friend, and his 
neigliljors and ac<|uaintances all speak <if Mr. 
Lindsey in terms r>f praise and respect. 

!| ,>I1.I.IS llAM'.l.Wool). li aflfords uspleas- 
\ / lire to plaiv before our readers an outline 

5 y of the hislt.ry of thisgentlemaii. who occu- 
pies the important position of County Clerk of 
Adams County. He was born in I'ayson Town- 
ship, .September H, 1838, and is tin- second son and 
child in the family of eight children born to. lames 
and Klizaljcth (Hnskirk) llaselwood. 

The parents of our subject were natives of 
tiiant County. Ky.. and two years before the birth 
of Willis, irame to Adams County and made a hn-a- 
lion in what is now I'ayson Township, where the 
father carried on general farming and spent his 
last days, dying Septemlter 16. 1867. The mother, 
who is still living in the village of I'avson. 



was born August 8, 1814, and was the daugh- 
ter of Thomas Buskirk. The ancestors on both 
sides of the house originally came from Ire- 
land, but the grandfather of our subject, wlio bore 
the name of John Ilaselwood, was born in Ken- 
tucky, in which State liis fatiier was one of the early 

Our subject passed his boyhood and early 
school days on the farm in Payson Township, 
where he remained and aided his father in its cul- 
tivation until reacliing his majority, wlien lie left 
home and became a student in Berean College, 
Jacksonville, 111. After leaving that institution, 
he utilized his learning by teaching school at in- 
tervals for a period of ten years. This was during 
tiie winter season, and in the summer he gave his 
attention to agriculture until 1873. 

The lady who liecame the wife of onr sul)ject 
October 14, 1858, was jNIiss Olive S. Bean, of this 
county, of whicii she is a native. She was the 
daughter of John Bean, who located in this sec- 
tion as early as 1831. and who was highly esteemed 
in agricultural circles. To Mr. and Mrs. Hascl- 
wood have been born two children who are living: 
Margaret Z., now the wife of George C. Parkhurst, 
of Quincy; and Willis II. Our subject takes an 
intelligent interest in politics, and is a faithful 
adherent of the Democratic party, on which ticket 
he was elected County Clerk in 187.'5, for a term of 
four years, lie proved himself a most etticient 
officer, and has since held the position by re-elec- 
tion for nineteen years. While living on his farm, 
he was elected Justice of the Peace, and also As- 
sessor and Collector, all of whicli offi'ces he filled 
with characteristic ability. 

Mr. Haselwood is the proprietor of a valuable 
estate, comprising one hundred and sixty acres of 
land in iSIelrose Township, which by its neat and 
finely improved apjiearance betokens thrift and 
good care on tiie pait of the owner. He is very 
prominent in business circles, and is Mce-president 
of the Ricker National Bank of i^uincy, is Presi- 
dent of the Gem City Building ct Loan Association, 
and occupies the same position in the W. L. Distin 
Ice and Produce Company. ' Socially, he is a 
member of Payson Lodge No. 379, A. F. & A. 
M.; Quincy Chapter No. 5, R. A. M.; is also 

connected with llii' Illinois Mutual Aid and the 
Firemen's P>enevolent Association. He occu- 
pies a beautiful residence at No. 403 South 
Sixteenth Street, and as cme of our best citizens is 
deservedly pupular with all who know him. 


^^ HRISTOPHER WALKER, one of the exten- 
(l( sive lan<l-owners of this county, who has a 

^^7 kigl'lj' improved farm of four hundred and 
ninety acres on section 35, North East Township, 
claims North Carolina as the State of his nativity. 
He was born in 1827, and is of Irish and English 
descent. He is one ol a family of seven sons and 
two daughters: Sarah W.. born in North Carolina, 
became the wife of John Moraii, and died in Kan- 
sas; .1. P>i-aiison is married, and resides in North 
East Township; P^Hzabeth is the wife of .Samuel 
Dorsett, a farmer of Kansas; Jesse wedded Mary 

We now take up the pers()nal history of our sub- 
ject, who acquired his education in the district 
schools of North East Township, but his privileges 
were very limited. His father was a cripple, and 
when (piite a young man Christopher obliged 
to tnrn his attention to the farm and the suiiport 
of the fnmil\-. He continued to work for his father 
until twenty-two years of age, when he started 
out in life for himself. In connection with his 
brother James, he secured one hundred and sixtv 
acres of land from the (Government, and liegau 
the develoi)ment of a farm. Since that time he 
has devoted his entire attention to the develop- 
ment of agricultural piirsnits, and success has 
crowned his efforts. He afterwards sold his first 
farm, and has made several other purchases of 
land since. At length he purchased two hundred 
and forty acres of land, his present homestead, to 
which he. has added until four lumdied and ninety 
acres of well-improved land yield to him a golden 
tribute in return for the care and cultivation he 
bestows upon it. Glancing at his |)l.ace, we see 
good buildings in the midst of well-tilled fields. 





ftiul till' lu'iit 1111(1 thrifty n|ipi>ai'!iiu'f of llii' plm-i- 
iinlic.'ili's tin- supervision of n c-aii'ful m:in!i<joi-. 

Mr. Walker lias lioi-n twice inurricTl. In IHI'.i, he 
wius joined in wedliH-k witli Miss Man Alexaufier, 
a native of X'irjjinia. Itv llioir union were liorn 
nine eliildren. seven of whom are \cl living. Af- 
ter the jleath of his first wife, Mr. Walker nnirried 
Melissa A. Kvans, liy wliom he hail two children. 

In relifiions lielicf, Mr. Walker is a Presbyte- 
rian, lie has been connected with that ehnreh for 
a number of years, and takes an active inl<'rest in 
its upbnildinir and pro",'ress. In early life he did 
n<»t follow in the politital footsteps of his father, 
who was :i Democrat, but supported the Whi<r 
parly, and, on the or<;ani/.ation of the Uepublican 
party, he joined its ranks. I'ublic-spirited and 
progressive, he takes an active interest in all that 
pertains to the welfare of the community, and his 
fellow-townsmen recognize in him a valued citi- 
zen, lie has lived a (juiet, unassuming life, but 
his honorable career has won him manv friends. 

r. ('()I,\'IN. I'lion the line farm of one 
hundred and sixty acres of richly im- 
l)roved land on section 2(1, I rsa Township, 
may be found the original of this notice. 
the oldest living settler here, and nlu>se family is 
one of the most prominent in the township. 

The father of our sul)ject was (leorgc C'olvin, a 
native of C'ulpeper County, \'a., born in 17S1. 
He was reared in Kentucky and lost his parents at 
an early day. Heing unable to serve in the War 
of 1H12, he furnished a substitute, lie was mar- 
ried in Kentucky and lived all his life a farmer 
and a member of the 15aptisl Church. The mother 
of our subject was Nancy Davis, who was bdrn in 
1789, and was the daughter (jf (Jeorge Davis, who 
emigrated from X'irginia to Kentucky and ilied 

Of the eight children born to the parents of our 
subject, only himself and Mrs. Cyulhia .\. Duncan. 

of I 'rsa, remain, lie was liorn in Tendletiui Count \. 
Ky.. February 21, IHl.'i. and was reared to manhood 
on a farm, lie aftenvard learned the trade of a 
I'lHiper, and came to Illinois in Ih;!h. He settled 
on section 2o. in ri>a Township, where the land 
was all wilrl, but he was a man of great energy and 
he soon had a nice fi-ame house built, which is still 
standing. The land was then almost all wild prairie, 
and neigliboi-s were few and scattered, while the 
roads were mere Indian paths through the woods. 
.Among the early settlers who came herein \H:Vt was 
the f.amily of Stephen Itooth. who cinignited from 
Kentucky. Ileliroughl with him his wife, Kliza- 
beth.and his daughter Kli/alH-lh.and the lalter, who 
was born in l«l'.t. became the beloved wife of our 
subject in l«|ii. They were the parents of six 
chililren. five of whom arc yet living: ISelle is the 
wife of Dr. .loseph Cadwell, anil lives in Kansas 
City, Mo., the mother of one child; .losliua married 
Miss Newcomer, .•mil lives in Chariton Coiinlv. 
.Mu.. ■•iiid has live children. .S'phreua: Kinil\ is the 
wife of Milton Kirk|)atrick and lives in Chaiiloii 
Counlv. Mo., and six children: .'iiid (ieoii;e mar- 
ried Miss Brown, and lives in Ndiiie Couiit\. .Mo. 
Oursnbjecl was again married, in 1h.">I. .Miss Sarah 
Kirkpatriek, a native of this county, becoming his 
wife. They had two childien: .lames, married to 
.MissShephard, lives in this township and has three 
children: and I.illie is the wife of (irant lirown, is 
the mother of four boys, and lives in Neosha 
County, Kan. Our subject lost his fii-st wife in 
1H.")2. and his seconil in IHCT. In IKfiH, he married 
Miss Mary I-".. Hedges, who was born in ISourUui 
County, Ky., in 1M2K. and wa» the daughter of 
William Hedges, an early settler. 

Mr. Colvin has livecl in this township for llie 
space of fifty-four years and h:is improved two 
farms. He came to this wildernessempty-handi'd, 
but possessed a good constitution, a good trade, 
and was very industrious, and now has one liiiii- 
(Ired and sixty of the In-st acres in the couiil\. 
He biiill his line brick house in IHt'i,'), and luiriied 
the brick on the farm. This is the finest house in 
the township, and his other buildings match 
it. He has given his children good ediicntions, 
niid ha.- I'carcd them to !« .self-jtupporting. Mr. 
Colvin hits bei-n an t tdd Fellow, and was !i charter 



meinbiT of Lodge No. 12, of <^uinc3'. He has held 
the office of Trustee of the township for eighteen 
years at one time, and six at another. He has been 
School Director for years. In his political opin- 
ions, he was first a Whig, but later became a Re- 

One son of Mr. C'olvin, Joshua, was a soldier in 
the Civil War, a member of the Seventy-eighth 
Illinois Infantry, and was shot three times, and at 
Bentonville, N. C, was seriously wounded. 



■^ OIIN L. IMOORE is one of the class of men 
singled out b^- nature to show what a man 
can do when he sets his mind upon accom- 
plishing a certain object. He is a self-made 
man, and what he has accomplished in the way of 
this world's goods, and in personal achievement, is 
wholly due to his own good fighting qualities 
and to his intelligent and practical views on 
all matters of importance. He keeps thoroughly 
posted on the general topics of the day, and per- 
sonally is one of the most popular of men, his 
generous and amiable disposition, and his kindly 
manner, winning him the friendship of all who 
are so fortunate as to enter the wide circle of his 
friendship. He was born in the city of New York, 
.January 1.'), 1820, the eldest son in a familj- of 
nine children, and until iie attained the age of 
thirteen years he was a resident of his native city. 
In 1833, he turned his footsteps in the direction 
of the setting sun, and eventually found himself 
in Hillsboro, 111., where he remained until Novem- 
ber, 1833, at which time, as he was desirous of ob- 
taining a good education, he entered Jacksonville 
College, where he pursued his studies with dili- 
gence for eight months. In 1834-3.5, he came to 
Quincy, III., and the following year started with a 
company under Capt. Farnsworth on a trip to 
Oregon, but as the country was in a wild and un- 
settled condition at this time, they only succeeded 
in getting as far as Western Kansas, after which 
they retuineil home, reaching Quincy in the 

month of August of the same year. The following 
November, Mr. Moore started by steamboat up 
the Mississippi River to the pine regions of Wis- 
consin, but, on account of an accident to their boat, 
he and the rest of the party were compelled to re- 
turn to (Quincy the same winter, making the 
entire distance from Prairie du Chien on foot, the 
journey occupying thirteen days. 

To one of his nature, this disappointment only 
fixed more flrml}' in his mind the determination 
to reach the luml)er regions of the North, and in 
the fall of 1840 he again started for the pine belt, 
this time making the journey by land. That win- 
ter was spent in a sawmill, and the following 
spring he came down the river to Galena with two 
flat-boats loaded with shingles, which they sold 
and then came to (Quincy. He returned to the 
farm on which his father had settled, and until 
the spring of 1843 assisted him in tilling the soil, 
at the end of which time he began learning the 
trade of a rope-maker. In 1846, he started a fac- 
tory of his own on the Roanoke River, and made 
large quantities of rope for use in the mines. 

In November, 1846, he was married to Miss 
Ellen Hague, a daughter of William Hague, of 
Quincj', 111. In the spring of 1847, he started 
a vinegar factory in Quincy, but sold out 
at the end of two years, and in November 
moved out to a farm near t^uincy, where he 
tilled the soil for three years. In July, 1858, 
he started with his wife for a trip to Eu- 
rope, where they remained until the following 
January. On their return trip they took pass- 
age at Liverpool, England, for New York City, 
but the voyage was a very stormy and tem- 
pestuous one and lasted twenty-two days. Tlie 
fall of 1860 again found them residents of Quincy, 
and here, in 1861, Mr. Moore received his ap- 
pointment to the (Quartermaster's Department, in 
which capacity he served under Capt. Newton Flag 
for three years. 

In November, 1864, he lost his wife, and in Jan- 
uary. 1866, he took for his second wife Miss 
Katherine F. Booth, a daughter of Stephen Booth, 
of Ulster Township, Adams County, and their 
union has resulted in the birth of a daughter. 
Two years after his last marriage, Mr. Moore pur- 

H^KTHAIT AM) 151( (CItAril'CAI. HF.CoRD. 


rliH^ed his |)io|)erty on Fawley I'laci'. iit tlic conicr 
of 'rwciily-fiiiirtli hikI I.ikmi^I Strt-ots, wliicli iimki'.«* 
line iif llic li:iiiil^iiMi<->t privaU- ivsiiii'iit't"* in llio 
city, 'riu- lioii'**.' is II line hrii'k striiftiirt', ami ilic 
^roiiiuU aix- »'xtfii-ivi' mill lii'Muiifiilly kf|il, (inttcil 
with sInU'ly iisitivo tivt's nml li'':iutlful >liriili'< of 
V!iriiiu>i kinds. The pniiKTty on which tlic Churcli 
i>f Uie (mkkI Sli(|i|ii'i(l is l(K-»t(>(l was diinatcH hy 
.Mr. .Mtiiirt'. ami wa.- valiicil at it.'K.'ifMi, and lu' w;is 
the .Hole huildei' nf St. .Milan's (Impel of l^iiinev 
deedinif the property to Hi>li<>p .Mexamler Huri; 
In nuMieroiis other ways his life has heen made 
illustrious hy kind <]eeds.and he may with truth Ih' 
termed a ino<lei .\nierican eili/.en. l'ei>onall_\', 
and in ever\' privat*' relation and <luty of life, loo 
much can not he sjiid in his praise, for he is liltcral, 
{feneroiis and hi!.'li-niin>h'd. and the soul of true 
honor and unlMiunded i^reatness of heart. 

lie i> inde|)endent in his ptditical views, and 
for the past seven years he has held the position 
of .luslice of the I'e.ace, and adjusted lii> neighbors' 
differences with impartiality and <;ood judgment. 

•*, AMI'i;!, A. I.KK. The sjentlenian whose 
name appeai-s at the head of this .•uticle is 
^^ the pleasant and accommodating Agent for 
the .Xmerican Kxpress Company, at i^uincy. 
III. If it were our purpose tt» write an essay u|Min 
ancestry, we would come to Mr. l>ee for infornui- 
lion. as any man who can trace his line hack for 
six generations might well lie informed und inter- 
ested upon the subject. 

Samuel .Mien was the father of our -uliject 
and w'»s Ixirn in l-jist Hloomlicid, Ontario County, 
N. v., .lanuary 1, IHl I. He was the son of .lona- 
than wliose natal day was .Inly IH. ITHI.and 
his liirthplace was I'ittstield. »Mass. lie was married 
to Lucy PIgglesUjn, who was born in Shellleld, Mass. 
.lonRtlian w;is a farmer in Kast Hloomtield, 
.\. v.. liut died in Clarence, N. \., in 18.'>2. To 
tills union there were born seven children, but one 
of whom IS now living, namely. .lohn H.. who re- 

>ides in Krie (ounty. N. \.. aged eighty-three 
yeai>. The father of .lonathan was Dr. .hmathan, born in Massachusett-. in 171.'). ,'iml lii> fa- 
ther wa- the liev. .lonathan. also a native of the 
Hay StJite. whose father wa> David a native 
of .Mas-sli-huM-tts anrl a son of .lohn I,ee, who wa.s 
born in Kngland ami caine to Maivsaehusetts in 

The father of imr Subject wn> a valued employe 
of the .\n)cri<"!in Kxpress Company for many years, 
!inil was the llrst money messenger that ran Im-- 
Iwecn liulTalo and H<K'hester, N. Y. In a wreck 
on this road, he was ex|Mtsed and received a heavy 
cold, from which resulted pneunwinia and he died 
Octolier t, 1HI«, iH'fore the birth of our subject. 
Ills wife wasParitta M. Caldwell, who was liorn in 
Westmoreland County, .\. Y., Septemlier 2H. \><'2'2. 
She died Auijust ■>\. 1HI'.«, of the cholera, when her 
balw. always fatherlcvs, was less than a year old. 
Thus were two children left orphans, a-* Saimu-i 
lijid a sister; l>ut she too was taken awa\,al the 
age of fourteen years, while un<ler the len<Ier care 
of an uncle and aunt in Kl^'in. III. 

The good uncle above-mentiinied was an en- 
gineer on the Lakes, and tn his hospitable home 
went the poor little orphan> when bereft of both 
natural guardians. .Vt that time, he was liviiiL; in 
HnfTalo, but in \><^i'2 he moved his family to KIgin. 
III., although he still continued his business a- a 
Lake engineer. This worthy man and his kind wife 
died in KIgin. 

The genlleiiien of whom we are writing attended 
the public scliiKiN. and when but a lad U'gan to 
clerk in both dry-iromls and drug stores, and early 
showed the courtesy :ind aceomniodatiiig spirit 
that have so di>tiiigui'-lied him ever since. When 
eighteen years old, he went into the employ of the 
.Vmeriean Kxpress Company. l«'giiiiiiiig at the 
bottom of the ladder, and climbing from driver to 
clerk. Then he returned to KIgin. when' he wa» 
.Vgent for about two yeai>, when In wa> made 
lioiite .\gent or Traveling .\uditor, which position 
he held for about threi- months, or until March, 
IHMl, when he w;i> appointed to this agency at 

The marriage of Mr. I^e took place in KIgin, in 
' ImTO. to Miss Nettie Fish, the daughter of (iordon 



Fisli, who wsis a farmer in Ohio. That was the 
birthplace of Mrs. Lee, hut slie was educated and 
married in Elgin. Two children have been the 
result of tiiis liappy marriage, Howard Gordon and 
Ernest Raymond. 

Mr. Lee upholils the principles of the Republican 
l)arty, and is firm in his faith that in that part^' is 
the salvation of the country'. The social standing 
of Mr. and Mrs. Lee is enviable and they are well- 
known and nnich-admircd members of (juincy 
society. ISIrs. Lee is a lovely lady and fills her 
days with liind deeds and thoughts for others. 

Ing the winter seasons attended the common 
schools, which were held in buildings of primitive 
construction and rudely funished with slab seats 
and desks. At the age of nineteen, he commenced 



♦ ^E*^+ 

\f|OSKPH C. THOMPSON. The professions 
are well represented in (^uincj' !)}• men of 
mental culture, and practical knowledge 
^^fJ and skill in their various callings. Among 
those whose abilities are widely recognized, and 
who are numbered among the most prominent at- 
torneys-at-law of the city, is .Joseph C. Thomp- 
son. His professional skill is recognized b\' 
all wlio have at any time been his clients, as 
well as by the general iniblic, and has been 
the means of securing for him a great many 
intricate cases, vvhere legal acumen and exten- 
sive knowledge have been necessary in order to 
attain success. 

The grandfather of our subject, .John Thompson, 
traced his ancestry to Scotland, and served as a 
soldier in the War of 1812. The parents of our 
subject, .Joseph and Maria (Culbertson) Thomp- 
son, were natives of Pennsylvania, wliere they 
spent their entire lives, dying in Indiana County. 
The father followed the occupation of a carpenter, 
and was a man of honor and industrious habits. 
Their family consisted of eleven children, six sons 
and five daughters, one of whom died in infancy 
and six still survive. 

The fifth child in the family is .Joseph C, who 
was born in IMairsville, Pa., September 18, 182(). 
He passed his youth in his native county, and dur- 

teaching, and was thus engaged for two winters. 

Mr. Thompson commenced to read law vvitli 
Lawrence T. Smith, at Lebanon, Ohio, and con- 
tinued thus engaged until the fall of 1847, when 
he came AVest with his uncles, Samuel and Isaac 
Culbertson, who had a contract to build a lock- 
dam across the Wabash River, two miles north of 
Ml. Carmel, Ind. Our subject remained as mana- 
ager and book-keeper for his uncles, whom he 
aided until the completion of their work. Then re- 
turning to Lebanon, Ohio, he attended school for 
two years, and afterward followed the profession 
of teacher for one 3'ear in Butler County, Ohio. 

After attending the law school at Bloomington, 
Monroe County, Ind., for two years, Mr. Thomp- 
son was admitted to the Bar at Anderson, Ind., in 
the year 1854, and oiiened an office for prac- 
tice there. One 3ear later, he removed to Frank- 
lin, .lohnson County, Ind., where he practiced 
law for about two years, removing thence to 
•Macomb, 111., and there followed his profession 
until 1868. In the summer of that .year, he came 
to t^uinc^', where he opened a law office and con- 
ducted a general practice, at the same time su[)er- 
in tend ing a farm for ten years. 

In local. State and National politics, Mr. Thomp- 
son takes an active part, and is a pronounced 
Democrat, at all times giving his party substantial 
support. He was elected on the Democratic ticket 
to the office of .Judge of Adams County, and 
served in that position for four years to the satis- 
faction of the people. In 1862, he was a member 
of the constitutional convention which was voted 
down by the people, and, while residing in Mc- 
Donough County, served as School Commissioner 
for one term. In his views he is broad and sensi- 
ble, and all plans for fowarding the material inter- 
ests of the county find favor with him. 

The lady who became the wife of Mr. Thoniiison 
bore the maiden name of Emeline P. Eells, and 
was .at the time of her marriage a resident of Knox 
County, 111., though her native State was Ver- 
mont. She is the daughter of Truman Eells, 

I'dlilKAir AM) I{I(m;|{ AI'IIKAI. HFX'ORP. 


:i iintivc of X'ci'inoiit, now ilecensnd. Three 
children wito burn to Mr. and Mrs. 'rhonip- 
sftii, one of wlioni. H lovely yonnj; Indy I'V the 
name of llallie. died when eighteen years oUJ. 
'riic others .'ire ( iilherlxin S. and .losepli K. 'I'he 
family residence is >iluated on the i-orner »>f .'sixth 
and Maine ."streeb;. 

.Mr. 'rhoni|ison has •■ittained a position of prom- 
inence in the coniniiinit\ li\ his nnaided ener^^y 
and aliility. lie has ever Iteen {jencrons in iiis 
dcalin^js. and ha.- <;ivcn lilicnilly of his means to 
the siiffcrini; and poor, llonoralilc in his actions, 
intellificnl and conrteous. he i> deservedly popular 
amonifj tiie people of the (Jem City. 

'TlL^ <'N- ■'••^I'l'll N. CAWTKU. The profession 
of law has at all times called to il.s prac- 
tice men of liroacl knowled-re. wide research 
and ifreat aliilities. In the pursuil of their 
daily duties along its varied lines they have 
found fame and fortune; have gained names ini- 
perislialile in the world's liistoiy. and have won 
great wealth. .Vmoni; the niimlH'r who have for 
.some veal's |)racticed this profession in l^uincy, 
and have gained therein an enviahle reputation 
for legal knowledge, may be mentioned the name 
of Mr. Carter, one of the leailing attorneys-at-law 
in Wotern Illinois. During the (piarter of a cen- 
tury since he wa.-- admitted to the liar tif the 
Stjite, he hit* labored indefatigably .as counselor, 
and the result is that he is recognized !us one of 
the hesl-informed lawyers in lllinoi.s. 

.\ native of Kentucky. Mr. Carter born in 
llardin County, .March 12. IM1:{, and was the 
third in a family of live children born to Will- 
iam V. and Martha (.Mays) Caiter. His father was 
the .son of .lames Carter, a \'irginian, who traced 
his ancestry to l-jiglan<l. and followed farming 
pursuits in the Old Dominion. His mother was 
the daughter of .l.arnes M;i\s .-ind was likewise 
born In N'irninia. They were early settlers of 
Kentucky, where they engaged in farming purt>uits i 

for many years. In 18.')7, they removed to Charles- 
Ion, Coles County. III., where they became well- 
known as worthy people and prominent members 
of the farming c<m)inuiiit\. They are now IhiiIi 

In reviewing the boyhood of our subject, tin' 
biographer linds but little to chronicle of an un- 
usual nature. His time was alternateil between 
attendance at the village s<'hool and work on the 
farm. and. as he was ipiick to learn, he gained a 
good education even under disailvantages. For 
a time, he studied in the .siOiool at Itig .Springs, 
Ky. The year following his removal to Illinois, 
he removed with his parents to Douglas County, 
where he was a student in the school at Tu>cola 
for foui' years. He then commenced for himself 
as a teacher of a country school, and W!i.> thus 
employeil for three terms. )n IXd.'t, he entered 
the Illinois College, at .l.acksoiiville. where he 
completeil the course of stinl\ and was graduated 
in IHCC. 

.\t once. :ifler completing his literar\- educ-a- 
lion, Mr. Carter entered the law department 
of the I'niversity of .Michigan, at Ann Arbor, 
from which he was graduated in the Cl; of 
'{)H. Keturning to Illinois, he came to (^uincy 
in .luly, IH(;;i. and was admitted to practice :it the 
liar of the State in the November fcdlowing. In 
l«7(l, he formed a partnership with William II. 
(ioveit and soon esliiblished a general law pnic- 
tiee. No change was made in the connection 
until IH88. when Theodore H. I'ape was admitterl 
to the partnership and the lirm name changed to 
Carter, (lovert A- Pape. which i> now one of the 
prominent linns of the city and practices in .all the 
court*. State and federal. 

Aside from his profe.ssional duties, Mr. Carter 
has always been intere.-teil in the welfare of the 
city along philanlliro[iic, social and moral lines, 
and perh.aps no citi/en has dime more than he to 
aid its arlvaneement in those directions. Ili> con- 
nection with public affair- been long and hou- 
orable.and he has lieen repeatedly called u|iimi to oc- 
cupy positions of responsibility .anil trust, wherein 
abilities of a superior order are needed. In 1k7k. 
he w;i.- eliM'ted to llii' Thirty-lirsI ( .Vssem- 
bly. and Ui» services were so satisfactory to bis 



constituents that he was re-elected two years later. 
He also served in the called session of 1882, which 
was convened to re-district the State into con- 
gressional and senatorial districte. In 1882, he 
was the Republican candidate for Stale Senator 
in Adams County, and was defeated by a majority 
of only five hundred in a district which has a 
majority of fifteen hundred Democrats. 

The marriage of 3Ir. Carter to Miss Ellen, 
daugliter of George Barrell, of Springfield, III., 
took place December 3, 1879, and they now make 
their home in an elegant brick residence which 
Mr. Carter recently erected in the eastern part of 
the city. Three children have been born to them, 
namely: Henry B., AVilliam Douglas and Jo- 

- w<g l_ 


<^ I»1ELIAM J. TAPPE. The value of any 
\/\l/l specified branch of i)roduction to a city 
\y^ may be coininited in various wa3S and 
from many standpoints, and among the considera- 
tions by which its importance should be estimated, 
two of the most imiwrlant are the number of per- 
sons to whom it affords tl»e means of living, and 
the aggregate value of the product. .ludging 
from these points, the production of clothing 
leads all others in the Gem City. There has been 
a continuous growth in the business, and, although 
l)riees have considerably declined of late years, 
there is still a steady increase in the value of the 
annual product, while in the volume of the output 
the increase is still more marked. 

Prominent among the successful and euterpri.s- 
ing business men of <.iuinc3-. 111., stands William 
J. Tappe, who is the most capable Vice-president 
and Superintendent of the (^uincy Shirt & Overall 
Company, of tliat thriving city. Men are to be 
judged by achievements, and it is always safe to 
accept results as a proof of the possession of the 
powers and capabilities which lead up to them. 
Of the successes in the business world which have 
been earned by the exercise of sound judgment. 

thorough business tact and indomitable energy, 
there is no more eminent exemplar in t^uincy than 
the gentleman mentioned above. He is a native 
of West Virginia, born in Lewis County in Novem- 
ber, 1859, and in 1866 his parents, W. D. and Be- 
linda (Shinn) Tappe, moved to (^uincy. 111., where 
the former followed the occupation of a painter. 
He is still a resident of (Juincy and is a man re- 
spected by all. 

Our subject's entire recollections are of (^uincy, 
and here he received a good practical education. 
When it became necessary for him to choose some 
calling in life, he first began as a clerk in a dr3'- 
goods store, after which he was employed by 
Isaac Lesem X' Co., a piominent dry-goods firm, 
and remained with them for ten years. After this, 
young Tappe embarked in the wholesale grocery 
business, under the firm name of Thomas Tripp 
& .Son, and this partnership lasted for four years, 
when our subject sold out his interest to S. E. 
Segers it Sons. He then began the manufac- 
ture of coats, pants, shirts and overalls on his 
own account, beginning on limited means, but in 
1890 this business was merged into a stock com- 
pany, the name l)eing changed to The (^uinc.v 
Shirt & Overall Company, with Benjamin Heckle 
as President; W. ,1. Tappe, Vice-president and 
Superintendent; and Robert I). Lemley as Secre- 
tary and Treasurer. 

The trade of this house is colossal, and one 
hundred girls and men are emploj'ed to sell direct 
to the trade represented by traveling salesmen in 
Iowa, Missouri. Illinois and Kansas. The com- 
pany is well established in business, their wares 
being of a superior quality, and for which they find 
a ready sale, and this is recognized as one of the 
prosperous industries of Quincv. The high com- 
mercial character, the discriminating judgment, 
the eye that sees and the executive abilitv that en- 
ables one to improve opportunities aie attributes 
possessed by Mr. Tappe in a marked degree. 
These, together with a careful consideration of 
the needs of the public, have made the great es- 
tablishment over which he i)resides a recognized 
synonym for nil that is popular, (irogrcssive and 

Ml'. Tap[ie was married on the lOth of L)ctober, 



1881. to Mis5 Kninm Tripp, dnughU-r of 'riKinia." 
Tripp, of (^iiincv. Mr. nnd Mr*. Tnppc :irf now 
rpsidinj; Ht No. d'A"! Iliimpsliirp Strt'Ot. ninl aro r«'- 
coynized ».•• firsl-cla.v<i i-iti/.t-iis. 


* * * "^ 


'j'iKKIIAKI) SANDKK. If a iplojisint mitimcr 

and a(.-('oiiiMio(latiii<: <li>|H»itioii Ix-ar any 
^^^^1 relation to success i ii life, then the comfort- 
able cirt'iniistaiiocs in wlijcli the sulijet-l of tliis 
sketch now liiid.s hini>elf fan easily l)e explaineil. 
The gentleman i.'? an old settler, and has been en- 
gaired in the innnufaetiire of brick since 18T.'>. 

The father of our subject was Henry Sander, 
and he was born in Hanover, Cierniany, and in 
IbaO, with his wife and one child, came to .\mer- 
ica by way of a sailiiiff-vcssel from Uremen to New 
Orleans. The trip wa-s a long and tiresome one 
of over seven weeks' duration, and no doubt the 
new country did not seem very attractive to the 
tired travelers in its winter dress, for it was I)e- 
cemU'r when they arrived in <^uiMCy. However, 
the honest (ierman went to work to learn the brick- 
making trade, and later he started a yard of his 
own and continued in the manufacture of bricks 
until his death in IHT'.i. at the age of sixty-eight. 
He had espoused the DennK-ratic party, and wa.s a 
voter, if not a worker. He found his church, the 
Catholic, just the same here as in his old home, 
and died in the faith of her promises. The mother 
of our subject wa.s Mary Ilalla. who was lK)rn in 
(icrmany. and died there. Her only cliiid was oui- 
subject, although he lia.s two half-brothers, his 
father having married three times. 

The individual whose history we now altenipt 
to give>orn and reared in (lermany up to the 
age of throe yeai>, and his first recollections of 
• ^uincy are ver3' vague. He was sent t<» St. IVjni- 
face. after a coiu-se in the par<K-hial whotil, but 
when thirteen he began to work for his father at 
the trade of making brick. He continued at this 
until he was twenty live, when he started out for 
himself. From IHT.'J to |m71. he at \Vai-»aw 

an<i Carthage, working at his trade, but in the 
spring of 1X7.') he started in this place, which he 
had bought, and hit- continued here ever since. He 
began with a c^apacity of .500,0(10 bricks .-i M»ason. 
and has so increased his liusiness that his capacity 
now is 1.200.(10(1 bricksa seasini. He has two large 
kilns, and each ha.s a capacity of 2o0.(loo. His man- 
ufactiu'c is of regular brick, and he has all theappli- 
ances for his business. He is the owner rif forty 
acres of land in this county, and from this he sells 
w I in winter. 

Our subject was married herein ixT.'i to .Mi>s 
I'auline Newman, who was iHirn in (Germany and 
came here when a child. Mr. and Mrs. Sander have 
eight children living: Henry. l,i/./.ie. Kmma. Frank. 
Clara, Annie, (ieorge and William. 

.Mr. Sander is a member of St. .M;iry> Church. 
and of St. .loseph's SiK-iety. connected with it. He served his fellow-citizens on juries, and a.s 
.ludge of Flection. His political opinions incline 
him to the l)ein<K'ralic party, although he is not 

Mr. Sander ha> seen [ii;inv changes in the citv 

I . . . . r. 

of his choice since he came here, and rejoices in 
her prosperity. He cairries on his own business on 
the )ilace. which was the old fair ground and the 
camp ground of the soldiers during the war. His 
J residence is at No. 1 lO.S South Sixth Street. 

.\t the lieginning of the Civil War. Mr. Sander 
desired to enlist for the defense of the country, 
but the Oovernment would not accept his services 
on accoiuit of his voutli. 

GFOROK VASFN. It is with true interest 
that the biographer ttikes up his [len to 
-peak of those worthy citizens whose act- 
ive lives have ceased on earth, but whose inllu- 
ence extends still, and will continue to extend 
among all who knew them. .Ml people of truesen- 
sibilitv have a just regard for the memory of those 
who have departed this life, and cherish the details 



of the lii.stoiT of those whose careers have been 
marked by uprightness and truth, and whose lives 
have been filled up witli acts of usefulness. It is 
therefore a jjleasure to present to our readers 
a sketch of Mr. Vasen, who was one of tlie es- 
teemed and respected men of the countj-. 

This gentleman was born iu German}-, on the 
lIHh of .September, 1833, and liis parents. Philli[) 
and Fredreka Vasen, were natives of the Father- 
land, and honest, upright people. The boyliQod of 
our subject was spent in the common schools of his 
native couutr}', and here he remained until seven- 
teen years of age, when he was tempted to cross 
the ocean to America. He made the trip in 18.");'), 
landed in New York City, and went from there to 
Pliiladelphia, Pa., where he made his home until 
1861. While there, he engaged in the manufacture 
of soap, but when the tocsin of war sounded, he 
left everything and enlisted as Orderly-Sergeant. 
He was in service for six months, and after being 
mustered out, went to St. Louis, Mo., wliere lie 
emljarked in the retail shoe business. 

In 1866, lie came to Quincy, 111., and engaged in 
tlie commission business, which he carried on for 
some time, and was then employed as traveling- 
salesman for a wiiolesale licjuor liouse, which posi- 
tion lie was holding at the time of his death, Octol)er 
11, 1888. In his political attiliations, he was a 
prominent Democrat, and socially lie was a inenibcr 
of the Independent Order of Odd Fellows. In the 
year 18.56, ]Mi-. Vasen was married to JMiss Cath- 
erine Eschner, daughter of Abraham Eschner, of 
Austria. She was born in Boiieraia, on the 1.5tli 
of April, 1830, and there passed her girlhood and 
youtli. She was fairly educated in the schools of 
her country, and in 1853 took passage for America, 
Lauding in New York a few weeks later. Ten chil- 
dren are the fruits of this union, eight of whom 
are still surviving, namely: Benjamin (i.. Secre- 
tary of the (Quincy Building iV: Homestead Associa- 
tion, also Secretary of tlie People's Saving, Loan 
& Building Association; Aaron, David, Nathan, 
Phillip, and Sarali. The latter, a successful physician 
of Quinc}-, graduated from Keokuk Medical College, 
of Keokuk, Iowa. She was born in (^)uincy. III., 
on the 21st of May, 187ii, and allciulcd Ihc vuiu- 
Hion schools until sixteen years of age, when she 

began reading medicine with Dr. M. Knapheide 
Germann, of t^uincy, and remained with her two 
years. In 1890, she entered the Keokuk Medical 
College, and was graduated from that institution on 
the 8th of March, 18'J2. She is now carrying on 
a successful practice in medicine aud surgery. .She 
is a member of the Adams County Jledical Society, 
and has a pleasant home at No. 523 Chestnut 
Street. The other children born to Mr. and Mrs. 
\'asen are .Jacob and Gustave. Mr. and Mrs. Vasen 
were members in good standing of the Ninth Street 
Hebrew Church. Miss Sarah Vasen is a member of 
the Golden Daughters of Reliecca. 


(JIIN T. HAVENOH, a general merchant of 
Plainville, is doing a large business in the 
village, where he has a neatly fitted-up es- 
tablishment, his shelves being filled with 
well-assorted goods, in the disposal of which lie 
shows business tact and lionor. He is a native of 
Elgin, Kane County, 111., whence be was taken by 
his parents, when very young, to Waushara 
County, A\"is., where he grew to mature years, and 
was given an excellent education, completing his 
studies in the Normal School at Olikosh. For 
eight years he was engaged in teaching in Wiscon- 
sin and Minnesota, and in 1873 castinliis lot with 
the people of I'lainville, where, Ainil 19, 1875, he 
opened a general mercliandise store in partnership 
with a Mr. Kidder. This connection lasted until 
1887; in the meantime they liad purch.ased their 
own l)uilding, but sold out the property after hav- 
ing improved it. In 1891, Mr. Havenor erected a 
two-story building, 40x100 feet in dimensions, 
which has the largest seating capacity of any build- 
ing in the county- outside of Quincy, it giving 
ample accommodation to six hundred peo]jle. 

The lady to whom our subject was married, iu 
1876, was Miss Sabra, daughter of Samuel Clark, 
one of the eaily settlers of Pike County. To 
tliciii have liccn giant('(l eight children, four of 
whom were born at one time, The two who are 

cu>c^j /Am^/^ 




JittA-JM^jL^ (p. /T^X^cry^^ 

livin^j Iwar the ros|)eotive iiainc>> of Mnry and 

Dfllii. Our Mil>j«H-t i!< tin- > f Sainiu-I and 

Mary A. ( .Mali<iiips ) llavi'imr. iiativi'!> of Irclaiiil. 
wIhto tliey were inarried. On coming; to llie 
Cnitcd Statos. in IK l«. tlicy loi-alod in Illinois. 
but at the prcM-nt time make tlu-ir lioini' in Wis- 
consin. With lii!« wife our suliject is a niondter of 
the Methodist K|>is(.-o|)nl Chnn-h. and iiuuiIkms 
ainon;; his friends the liesi peojile of I'lainvdle. 
whieh |H>|)u!arity is shared by his amiable wife. 




I". WAI.TO.V. of t^uiiiey. was born in 
.Miifsaehusetls. April 2.">. IK.'i2, anil is a 
■^ son of .lonathan and Kliza (l.<K-ke) Walton, 
natives of the old Hay State, lie lielnn>.'-s 
to a family noted for eourai;e and patriotism, and 
is justly proud of the faet th:it ten n)end)ei-s of 
the Walton family served in the l\ev(ilutionar\' 
War. The lirst represent.iti ve of the f.-iniily in 
Ainerita, the Rev. William Walton, emi<;rated 
hither from Kxeler, Kn^'land. as early as IC.'ti, 
and settled in Readiii<,'. M;iss. Previous to that, 
however, members of the Locke family had soufjht 
a home in New Knirlaiid. haviiii; made a settle- 
ment in .\rlin;rtoii. .Mass.. in \i'>'jx. The I.oeke 
homestead, wliieli is the oldest house in .Vrliiif^tx^m, 
is still otriipied by this family, its .■iiieient roof 
havinj: sheltered six irenerations of the l.ockes. 
Our subject's (ii'eat'<;randfather I.oeke was a sol- 
dier diirini: tln' War of the Revolution. as was also 
lirandfatlier Keiijamin Walton, who lived to the 
advance<l a}je of one hiindied and riiree \f:ii>. 

Kdmoiid MonrtK'. the <;reat-jiraiiilfather of our 
subject on his mother's sirle. was a i.'i»'!it-f.'r!iiid- 
soii <if William .Monroe, a native of Scotland, 
who e mi -.'rated to .Xmeriea in 1<J.'>2. and s<'ltled in 
l.exiii<.'Ic>ii. .Mass. lie was the father of fourteen 
children. Kdniond .Monroe enli-tetl m tiie Kinjf's 
uriiiy at the a<;e of twent\-oiie ve.ais and served 
in the French and Indian War, licin;; present at 
the cAptiire of t^iieU'c, and a participant in olhi'r 
ini|x>rtnnt battles of the war, Twelve uars later. 


he was ti^htin^ n-rainst the IJritish at lA-xin<ftoii 
and Riiiiker Hill, lie w:ls present at the capture 
of RuifioN lie's army at Saralot;a, and later en- 
listed uiwler (ieii. Washington for three years. 
With the army, he passed the winter at \'allev 
Koiifc. where he sufTere<i untold horroi> from cold 
and hunger. .Vmon<; the treasure<l possessions of 
the Walton faiiiil\ is a letter writlen by him to 
his wife durin^i that time. In the .lime followin-,'. 
he inarched i^uit as Captain to ti^ht in the l*attle 
of Moiiinoiith. where he served with distin^iii-hed 
valor until he was killed by a cannon-ball, lie lieen a successful business man and left his 
family in comfortable circumstances. 

The boyhooil days of our subject were passed 
in .Vrlin<.'toii. .M.-lss.. where he received a praetical 
ediientioii in the common scIhmiIs. In IMC'.), he 
lemoved to Keiilland, Newton ('ouiil_\, Ind., and 
there eii'^ajjed in the <;rrocerv, bakery, restaur- 
ant and hotel business, whic-h he conducted 
with much eneri;y .-iiiil ability, and therefore suc- 
cessfully. I II 1H7;{, he came lotjiiincv.of which city 
he has since been an honored resident. However, 
he retained his business interests in Indiana until 
l«8(!. when he sohl out and retired. Since he wjis 
twenty-live years old. he has eiigaired in the real- 
estate I uisin ess a n<l has met with unvarying suc- in his operations in that line. 

The political views of Mr. \\'altoii are emlMxIicd 
in the principles of the Republican party, and 
since ciustiiifj his ballot for Fremont, he has always 
votnl with the part.N of his choice. Socially, he 
ill a meiiibcr of the Kiii<:;lit.s of Pythias and the 
Mtisonic fraternity, in which he is prominent. 
.Vt the be<riniiiiii: of the Civil W:ir he enlisted for 
service ill behalf of the I'nion. but on .-iccoiint of 
physical di.sabilily was not received. His brother 
.loseph served three years in the army, and was 
lioniirably diseliarired at the close of the war. 

Ml. Walloii w:i- m.'iriied November l.'t, 1N73, 
to .Mis» .Sarah I-",, .lackson, and they occupy 
an attractive residence .-it No. "il.'i South Third 
.Street. .Mrs. Wjillun wa» biirn in jiosioii. .Mass., 
.\u;.Mist I, |M.;|. ihc diiui:liter of .Samuel and 
FIImi II. .lackson. Her father was boin .Mav 8. 
IHOII, and died lebniaiy ;t, IM'.JO; her inotlier. 
who was iMirii .liuiuary 2. \xw. died .lulv 2, l>*7l, 



Her ancestors were of English origin, and early 
settlers of New England. Wlien nine months old, 
she was brought by her parents to (^uincy, where 
her education was carried on in the public schools. 
Later, she was sent tu Waltham, Mass., where she 
pursued her studies until graduating, and returned 
thence to her home in tjuincy. 

Soon after locating in this city, Samuel Jackson 
erected a house and store on' the south side of 
Hampshire Street, between Fifth and Sixth Streets, 
where he engaged in mercantile pursuits for a 
number of years. In the progress and develop- 
ment of the Gem City, he was quite prominent, 
and erected a number of fine buildings, which 
still stand as monuments tu his energy; he also 
built the west half of the New Tremont House. 
He one of those men whom it is a privilege to 
know, for his influence was beneficial in aiding 
those who struggled along the pathway of life, and 
his sympathy was ever ready for all who found that 
pathway a weary one. A straightforward, unassum- 
ing man, the good that was said of him during his 
life was s.aid by others rather than by himself, and 
now there are many friends and relatives who are 
ready to speak for the lips that could not if they 
would, and that, were they al)le to do so, would 
be very modest in their claims for the noble man 
to whom we desire to give due iionor in these 
pages. His wife was a lady of well-known ben- 
evolence, and her kindness in caring for the sick 
and relieving the destitute won for her a host of 
friends among all classes of people. Siie was a 
prominent member of the Unitarian Church, to 
which Mrs. Walton also belongs. 

\Tl SEYMOUR CASTLE, A. B., one of the 
most successful wholesale and retail hard- 
ware merchants in the city of <|iuincy, 

born in Columbus, Adams County, III., Felj- 

ruary 6, 1848. His father. T. II. Castle, was born 
iit Wilmington, \'i,, and wms of English descent. 

He came to Adams County in 1835 and, locat- 
ing in Columbus, helped to hu' out the town. He 
was a general merchant there, and in 18(HI he went 
to the city of (^uincy and engaged in the whole- 
sale grocery business. Three years later, he be- 
came a member of the stove firm of Comstock k 
Co,, started in 1848 under the above firm name. 
After Mr. Castle's entrance into the firm, it was 
called the Comstock d' Castle Stove Co, He con- 
tinued a member of this firm until his death in 
the year 1880, aged sixty-six years. He had been 
an elder of the Presbyterian Church, The name 
of our subject's mother was Julia A, Boyd; she 
was born in Vermont. Her father, James, was 
a native of A'ermont and p.assed his life in ag- 
ricultural pursuits, and located in Columbus, 
Adams County. Our subject lost his mother 
at (^uincy and she left five children, four of whom 
are still living, one boy having died. The chil- 
dren aie Henry A., Postmaster at St, Paul, who 
was in the Seveut3'-third Regiment and was 
wounded at Stone River, and later was promoted 
to be Captain in the One Hundred and Thirty- 
seventh Regiment; Chauncy II. enlisted in the 
Sevent^'-third Regiment, was wounded four times 
at Chickamaugua, and later was transferred to 
the Veteran Reserve Corps and is now a mem- 
ber of the firm of Comstock, Castle & Co.; Julia, 
Mrs. Webster, resides in Chicago, 111,; Alfred died at 
the age of twenty-one; and our subject. 

Our subject was reared in Columbus until he 
was twelve \ears old, when his father removed to 
<iuinc3'. He attended the old t^uincy College and 
Academy, and in 1866, when he was eighteen years 
old, he went to Knox College, Galeshurg, from 
which he was graduated in 1870 with the degree of 
A. B. He then studied law with AVheat & Mercy 
for about one jear, but had to give it u[) on .ac- 
count of failing hearing. He then was traveling 
salesman for Comstock, Castle it Co., and traveled 
one year in Kansas and one year in ]Minnesota. 
In 1874, he started the present business with his 
father and it is run in connection with the foundry, 
under the firm name of T. II. Castle A" Co. In 
1877, the father retired and Seymour took a part- 
ner. Mr, Demeter, of Macon. Messrs. Castle A: 
Penieter continued in business togetlier for about 



tw<i yi-nrs, and llien Mr. Castle l)Oiiglit out the 
iitliPr <;i>iitlt>iiinii :iii<l lia$ i-oiitiiuicd the liii!<iiics.s 
alone t'viT >incc. lie is lociiteil Ml N<>. I.'in Main 
Slieet. and tlie liuildin<; is 2'Jxl2.'i feet ami i> four 
stories lii^li witli Imsenient: it has an elevator and all 
the latest iniproveiiienl.s. The liasenient is used for 
storage and fiiniai'i-. Iii>t and M'cond lloors for the 
retail department, third for storage, and the fourtli 
is used for a tin shop ami inannfarturin;: room. 
Thev earrv on a regular wholesMle and ictail li.-ird- 
wa're l>nsines>. nml Mr. Castle makes a sperialty of 
hot-air furnaces, also tin :in<l sheet-iron ii>otln<;. lie 
is a sttH'khohler in tin- llrm of Comslock. ( iislle 
A- Co. 

Mr. Castle was marrieil in tieneseo. III., to Car- 
rie S. I losforil, and thev have two lieautiful chil- 
dren. Amy ancl Kfiliert. The family aic I're.shy- 
terians and hiirhly valued in their church relation- 
ship. .Mr. Castle is a Kepulilican. .'incl is a very 
pleasant. !;enial man and makes friends wherever 
he ji<H's. He is well liked liy all who h.ave any 
tran>actions with him. 'I'lie family ranks high in 
the swial life fif the citv. 


^1/ K\\ IS I.. lIKiH.NrdN is en^raixed in v'«'n- 
il {(i> "'ral farminji^ and stoc-k-iaisini; on section 
i|L^ I'.i, Lima Township. Ileown^oneof the 
model farms of this community, his lauils are 
hi<;hly cultivated, and the improvenu-nts upon his 
place are many. His eldest son is piopnclor of the 
lar<;est apiary in the county anil lie has three hiiii- 
died stiiiids of Italian liees, his liusines- alonif 
this line lieiiii; very successful, lie tliorou<;hly 
unilerstands the culture of liees, and he sells them 
all over the country. His hives are of his own 
manufacture, heiiifi especially adaplerl to the piir- 
|» He has im|Hirted <pieen hecs from It.-ily. 
and his lari:e apiary has proved to him a piolitnlile 
investment. The product of honey amounts to 
ten thoiis.-ind pounds annually. 

Mr. Thornton, who is recouui/.cil ji- an enter- 
|>ri»ing and mosjiessivc citizen, wa.n l)(>rn i(i l'e»- 

dlcton County. Ky.. .laniiary 18. 18.16. He eoine.<« 
of an old Virginian famil,\', his j;randfather. .lohn 
Thornlon, lieini; a native of that State, whence he 
emifiialed to Kentucky. His death occurred when 
•lohn Tlioinloii. .Ir.. the father of our snlijeel, was 
a yoiiii!; lad. 'I'lu' latter was horn in I'eiidleton 
County, ii|Hm a farm which was his home throimh- 
oiil his entire life, and his death there occurreil in 
IMtiT. He married .Miss Kli/.alietli Smith, n native 
of that .State. Her ;.'raiidfatlier. William Smith, a 
\'ir!:inian, .served in the War of IH12. Her dcMlli 
(K-cnrred in lM!t|, at the a<,'e of seventy-one year-. 
She was a life-lonji memlier of the Baptist Church. 
The suhject of this sketch was the elilcst in a 
family of seven children, live of whom are vet 
liviiis:. His education was ae<|uired in the lo;; 
.sclioolhonse with it.s puncheon tloor, slali seats and 
liii^e lircplaci's. I'nder the parenta! roof he ic- 
m.'iined until he had attained his majority, and 
then started <»ut in life for him.self, splitting rails 
at fifty cents per hundred. In this way he earned 
the money which brought him to Illinois. In the 
spriiifi of I«.'i7, he located in I'rsa Township, 
.\dains County, lentinj; land fora nurnlierof \cars. 
.\s a companion and helpmate on life's journev, 
he chose .Miss Priscilla Taylor, of that township, 
a daui;hterof .Vdam and Uarliara (( ;rime!>) Taylor, 
hotli natives of Kentucky. They are numhered 
among the honored pioneers of ri>a Township, 
where they located in IH;!7. The union of Mr. and 
Mi-s. riiornloii was celelirated Novemher 2m, iM.'i'.t, ■ 
and unto tliciii have liecii Impim live children, three 
yet living: .lohn .\., Klizaheth .V. and I.ewi> A. 
.lames C. an<l Mary C. are deeea.sed. 

Ill .ViiLrust, lK(i2. Mr.Tliointon hade ifood-l>\e to 
his little family, and. iesp(indiii<; to the i-all for 
troops, enlisted in ( 'ompaiiy If, .Seventy-eighth I lli- 
iiois Ihfaiiliy. His scivii'e was mostly in giuird- 
iiig prisiMiers in Chicago. He was sick much of 
the time, ainl for this rc:i.»on was attached to the 
\etcr:in Kescrvc Corps. He received his tliseliarge 
in Septemlier, IMlil. :iml since his retnin home has 
devoted his attention exclusively to agricultural 
pursuits and l>ee culture. In 1X71. he purchased 
his present farm and it has since lieeii his home. 

The Democracy tiiids in .Mr. Thornton an ardcnl 
.tdhcient, and fof eight yeni^ he fajtlifnlly scrvcfj 



as Justice of the Peace. He also ably filled the 
office of Town C'IcrU for two years, and is now ^ 
serving as School Trustee. Socially, lie is a mem- 
ber of II. C. McCreery Post No. 567, (;. A. H., of 
I.iiua, and in relio-ious belief is a Free-will Bap- 
tist. He is a faithful worker in his church and 
serves as Trustee. His wife is a member of the 
Christian Church. 5Ir. Thornton is a well-in- 
fornu-d man, and one of the pruminent and in- 
fiucntial citizensof his township. His life has been 
well and worthily spent, and his honorable, up- 
right career has won him the high regard of a large 
circle of friends and acquaintances. Whatever 
success he has achieved in life is due entirely to 
his own efforts, and for it he deserves great credit. 

C. TURNER. The subject of the present 
sketch is an import.ant man in his neigh- 
borhood, .and a farmer, lie is a son of Jo- 
seph Turner, who was born in Dedliam, Mass., June 
12, 179i>. The latter was a son of Ebcneezer Turner, 
also a native of Massachusetts, born in 1772, 
and of Polly Sumner, who w,as born in Dedliam, 
November 9, 177;"). The mother of our subject 
was Mary (Bunker) Turner, a native of Fayette, 
Me., born in 18(H). Her marriage with Mr. 
Turner took place September 27, 1830, at Eiver- 
inore. Me., and in 18.34 they came to Illinois and 
settled on section ."12, in Ursa Township. TliispLace 
had been improved and there was a double log cabin 
upon it. Our subject's father made this a permanent 
lioine, cleared off the timber and built a stone house 
ill 1844. His wife died in August, 1849, and he 
married ISIary Harris September 1, 18.5(1, but she 
was left a widow liy his death March IG, 187("). 
He had lieen married three times, his first wife 
being Nancy Shaw, who died August 29, 182(), 
and left two children, Catherine T. Scwall and 
Charles C. liy his second marri.age he had five 
children, four of whom are now living. They are 
Riifus H., who lives at Kocky Har. Idaho; Joseph 
I'",, who lives in <j>iiincy, |||,; Mary K., who lives in ' 

Quincy, and our subject, who has his home on 
section 21,Mendon Township. By the third mar- 
riage, there was one child, (ieorge, now deceased. 
]\Ir. Turner was a pillar in the Methodist Episcopal 
Church, .'iiid held the olHces of Steward. Trustee 
and Class-leader. He took a great deal of interest 
in politics, and was formerly- a Whig, "but a Re- 
publican since the formation of the party. He 
held the position of Justice of the Peace, and was 
considered of enough importance to be made a 
candidate for Congress and for the State Legisla- 
ture, but was defeated. He was an educated man. 
and had been a school te.acher and a surve3or, and 
took a deep interest in all educational matters. 

Our subject was born in Ursa Township, May 
17, 1839. He attended the district schools in this 
county and then sent to Denmark, Iowa, for 
two years, where he took a general course. He fol- 
lowed this with a scientific course in (Quincy Col- 
lege, and was there at the breaking out of the Civil 
War. He enlisted July 15, 1861, in Company L, Sec- 
ond Illinois Cavalry, and was mustered into the 
United States service August 12. He was sent from 
Springfield to St. Louis, the company acting as 
(ien. Prentice's Body-guard. He sent to Pilot 
Knob to do camp duty, and dining his service he 
took i)art in the following battles: Belmont, New 
Madrid, Island No. 10, Columbus and Paducah. 
He was then sent to Memphis and Ft. Pillow, and 
was on the Smith and Grayson raid, and then to 
Baton Rouge. He served three years and one 
month, and held the position of Orderly-Sergeant, 
luit on account of absence from sickness for a year, 
and up to the time he was mustered out, the place 
of Orderly-Sergeant had to be filled b}' another, 
and he vyas mustered out as First Duty Sergeant. 
This soldier only weighed eighty-flve pounds at 
that time from sickness, and for a year he un- 
able to do anything. He served faithfully under 
(4ens. Prentice, (irant, Pope and Sherman. He 
taught school during the winter of 186('), and in 
the spring was made Deputy County Surveyor. 
In 1867, he went to Kansas, took a claim, improved 
it, and after three years sold out and returned home. 

Our suliject married December 23. 1869, to 
Mary E. Fletcher, a daughter of Ephraim E. and 
Mary .lane (McMurry) Fletcher. The father of 



.Mi>. 'riiiiit'i' was lH*rii ill L<ii;nii Coiiiily, Ky.. in 
IMI'.), mill rniiK- tii Adniiis CounU' wlieii n vniiii^ 
Minn tiiiH scttli-il 1)11 this fnrin, wlii>ri> lu> iiiurriiMl May 
12, IHI7. Ill- (licil ill IHlil. nflcr a rcsidinic Immc 
of tliirty-foiii' years. Tlii' niotlior of .Mi>. 'I'liriuT 
W.1.S Ixtin ill Saiijianmn Cnuntv, 111., in l«27. suul 
still survives, mill is i\ ilevnteil ineinltei' of the 
Methixlisl K|iis<-(i|ini Cliuirh, iiiio of the .Mntliers 
in Israel. Her hiislinncl uilh known to lie lilieriil 
.•«iiil |>.tl riot ic, .mill n frieiul to inipiovenieiit. .Mi>. 
'I'liriior w:ts born .Vpril 21, 1KI8, on this fariii. iiiul 
liiui one sister,, living. 

.Mr. anil Mi>. Tnrner, of this notioe. are tliepar- 
enUs of seven livinjj children: John !•"., .loseph, 
Frederick. Ilerliert. Mary, Kverett and Louisa. 

.Mr. 'ruriicr has two hundred and live acres of 
land, all under cultivation except thirty-live acres, 
and lie carries on general farming. He lia.s many 
interest.s outside of his farniini;. as he is an ardent 
Hepulilicaii and has lieen a frcipient delegate to 
the conventions, and \\a» lieen a candidate for 
ollice. He lu'eii defeated, as lieisa Kepulilican 
in a Democratic di:ilrict, hut he has made very 
close riin.s. He is a meml)er of t!ie following orders: 
Hliie Lodge. Royal .\rch Masons, is a lirotlier in the 
Master Workmen, a meiiiher of the American Order 
of I'nited Workmen, and ha.s lieen \'ice-com- 
inander of the (Irand .\rniy of the Republic at 

.Mrs. 'I'uriier is the right wife for a priiminent 
man. genial, generous and kind, and is a nieiiiher 
of the Methodist K|)iscopal Churili. in which she 
has lieen n Sundav-i^'hool teacher. 

Ll\ I;R (;|".U1{V. riie Kmpire Mate h.isfui- 
'*' nished U> this county a niimlK'r of repres«'ii- 
tative eiti/.ens. and among them may lie 
mentioned Mr. ( >liver (Jerry, who, satisfied that he 
has contributed his share toward the progress and 
development of the community, is now retired 
from the active duties of life, and has a g I 

home at No. ;i".'i Maiden Jjiiie. He has resided in 
this county for many years, and his life of indus- 
try and well as his record for honesty 
and uprighlness, has given him a hold upon the 
cummuiiity which all might well desire to share. 
We are much pleaM-d to give his sketch among 
the many of the estimable citizens nf the county. 

Mr. (lerry was originally from the Slate of New 
York, Uirn in Ontflrio County, on the 'M of Aug- 
ust, IH2it, and was the youngest of three childivn 
born to .leremiah and Klizabcth (Covert) (Jerry, 
exemplary and worthy citizens of that State. 
I'litil sixteen years of age, our subject made his 
home ill (leiiuva, and .secured excellent scholastic 
training in the scliouls of tliat city. .\t that age 
he moved with his parents to ( levelaiid. ( )liio, 
where he remained for two years and further ad- 
vanced his schooling From there he moved Ui 
I jiiiney, 1 11.. in IH.'IS, and was engaged in brick- 
making for thirty years. He wa.*, of coiii-se, thor- 
oughly familiar with every feature of his business, 
and is a man nf sound judgment and marked exec- 
utive ability. 

In the year 18(JK, he embarked in inerchandi/.- 
iiig, and was ijuite exteiisivel\- engaged in hand- 
ling china and glassware, until IBHT, when he re- 
tired. He has ever lieen a leading and prosperous 
man. h.ts assisted in every way in the advancement 
and progress of the city, and is still public-spirited 
and enterprising. His patriotic devotion to his 
country was shown during the Mexican War, when 
he enlisted in the First Missouri \'olunteers, under 
Col. A. W. Donaphin, in IHKi. He served for 
ftiiirteen months and acquitted himself with gal- 
lantry and bravery. In the year IH.'i.'J. .Mr. (Jerry 
was appointed City Marshal of (^uincy. and held 
that trustworthy position for one ye.-ir. In 1M(>0 
he was re-appointed to that |Mjsitioii and served a 
term of one year. In I«(il!, he wa.s appointed 
Chief of Police for one year, and tilled that |Misi- 
tioii with the same dispatch and good jiidgmeiil 
with which he tilled other |Misitions of trust. 

In politics, he advcwates the interests of the 
Democratic party, and lias ever supported its 
mensiires and platform. In the year IMi'i2. Mr. 
(Jerry was united in marriaire to Miss .Margaret 
Watt, and this wortliv i-nupli- have livnl liappiU 



together for forty _vears now. The_v liave a fani- 
ilj- of six chikhen, all doing well, and prosperous 
and successful citizens. Mrs. Gerry is a daughter 
of George Watt, of Payson, Adams County, Illi- 

The credit of a large share of the enterprise 
which helps to make (^uincy tiie tiiriving and 
thrifty business point of this portion of the State 
belongs to Mr. Gerry, who has ever been active 
in business circles. He is not only one of the 
pioneers of the county, but a man whose honesty, 
uprightness and sociability' liave won him the es- 
teem and respect of all. He is truly a representa- 
tive man. 

I I I 

- S ^ 1 '*1''^ 

x^ OL. JOHN B. LE SAGE, who is a resident 
f|( of Ci.ayton, was born in Canada in 1824, 

^^/ and is a son of John Le S.age. The family 
is of French descent. Me had one brotiier, Joseph, 
who was born in 1828. He married Ella Brown 
and resides in Quincy, where he is engaged in the 
restaurant l)usiness. 

The subject of this sketch came to tiiis county 
in 1838. In 1842 he enlisted in the regular army 
in New York, and the following year liis regiment 
was sent to the frontier, where lie saw much hard 
service and experienced many trials and privations. 
In 1844, he was sent to Ft. Snelling, and on the 
breaking out of the Mexican War the troops were 
sent to the front. He served until the expiration 
of his term in 1847 and was then discharged, but 
again enlisted for three years. Returning to Mex- 
ico, he was placed in charge of some troops and 
served as a non-commissioned officer. With his 
command he went to Vera Cruz, but after a few 
days he was sent to Jefferson liarraeks, IMo., where 
he was again discharged at the expiration of his 

We next find Mr. Le Sage engaged in the pork- 
packing business in Chicago. After the Illinois 
and Mississippi Canal was built, he was placed in 
charge of the first bo.Mt that ever went through the 

canal and "as thus employed until 1849, when he 
went to (Quincy. In tliat city he was engaged as 
a dealer in wood and was very successful. He af- 
terward again went on tlie river .as captain of a 
steamer, running for two seasons, and then entered 
the employ of the Chicago, Burlington & (Quincy 
Railroad, continuing with that company for two 
}'ears. About this time he was instrumental in 
raising a military company, known as the Quincy 
Artillery, and vvith the home troops he did service 
until 1862, when he enlisted under the old flag in 
the regular service. He was made commander of 
his compan\-, which became Company A, of the 
One Hundred and First Illinois Infantiy. He went 
through Tennessee and Kentucky with Grant, and 
during a portion of the time was captain on a boat 
on the Mississippi used for the transfer of prisoners. 
On one occasion he was detailed to take charge of 
eleven hundred prisoners, and at another time three 
hundred prisoners on his boat died of small-pox. 
Subsequentl}' lie was ordered to repair to Vicksburg 
and was stationed at the headquarters. He par- 
ticipated in the battles of Lookout Mountain and 
Mission Ridge and many other important engage- 
ments and saw much hard service. At length when 
the war was over, he made his wa3' to W.ashington 
and after participating in the (irand Review was 
mustered out in that city. 

Since his retui-n from the war, Mr. Le Sage 
been enged in the hotel business. He married Miss 
Amanda M. Brown, daughter of Alexander Brown, 
of (Quincy. She was born in 18.32, and their marriage 
was celebrated in 1852. They became the parents 
of the following children: John, born in 1853, died 
at the age of three years; Josephine, born in 1855, 
died at the age of seven years; Laura, born in 
Qiiinc.y in 1857, died at the age of four years; Nel- 
lie, born in 1859, is the wife of S. J. JIunn,of 
Clayton, by whom she has two daughters; Ora, born 
in 1861, is at home. Th • children were educated 
in the Clayton schools and those living are gradu- 
ates of the State Normal School. The mother of 
this family died in Clayton in 1891. 

Mr. LeSage has been connected with the Masonic 
order for forty years, and long been connected 
with the Independent Order of Odd Fellows. 
Prior to the war he was a Democrat but now a 



|iionoiiiicf<l Kopiihliciiii. He is a iiii'iiilx-r of the 
.M«-tli<i<lisi Cliiircli. nil lioiini'f)) vi-tfran of tlie \nle 
war. :iiiil i> licld in Iul'Ii ioi^miiI 1>V all wln> know 



';f,'A((»l5 F. DAI CIIKirrV. Tlic(iuini> (Wan- 
itf anri Mailili' lonijiany. of uliicli Mr- 
.laooli I-'. DaugliiMly i> tin- l'io>iilfnl, is a 
ivprt'sentativp cstaltlisliniciil of tliis Hoin- 
i-liin^' citv. and (Ich's rn-dit to its ollim-s. 

Mr. Dan^lii-rty clainis Pennsylvania as liis native 
Stal*', his liirth (K-currini; in Westmoreland County, 
near the eity of Pittslinr^Lrh. on the pitii of March. 
IMIO; he Mioved with his |Hirent>, Miehael and 
HIizalteth (Funk) Daugiierty, to the I'rairie State 
in IS.'il. The parent* settled on a farm in Adams 
( oiinty and the father UH-nme one of the most 
siilistantial and prosperous tilleix of the soil in 
that section. lie owned four hundred acres 
of excellent land and had it all impioved and 
in a very high state of cultivation. lie whs 
a man of more than ordinary al>ility. progress- 
ive and eiiterprisinj(, and in everything con- 
nected with his farm, he showed excellent jiid^f- 
ment nn<l much sound sense, lie and his wife weie 
natives of the Keystone State and of .S<-otch and 
(German descent res|K?ctively. The mother was 
born in Wasliin^ton County. an<l was the dau;;liter 
of Sjimiiel Funk. She one of the earliest settlers 
of I'rsa Township, .\dnms County, III. Mr. Dau<;h- 
erty died August 27, IH92. .Mrs. Dau<;herty 
is still living and is well preserved liotli in mind 
and l»ody. She is passing her declining years 
in the enjoyment of the hard-earned acvumula- 
tions of herself and liiisliand in former limes. 
and is one of the be$t and most highly esteeinerl 
citizens of the county. 

.lacoh F. Dnu<.'liert\ attained his manh<Hiil in 
Adams County, III., and received the advantage of 
a good eonimon-sehiM)! education, lie remained 
on the farm until thirty years of age, and then 
came to i^uiiicv. where he engaged in tlio livery 
husiness. This he continued for some time, liiit in 

IH7)! he emiiarked in the undertaking business 
and made a complete success of tliis. He is 
careful and consiilenit*-. and can always lie re- 
lied upon with the fullest eontldencc in the 
•lischnige of his duties. Since beginning busi- 
ness here, he has buried over two thousand peo- 
ple, many of them representing ohl and promi- 
nent familii'S, and as an embalmer he has no 
e<|ual. lie bus resided in this county nearly all 
his life, is well known throughout its length and 
breadth, is highly esteemed for his many intrinsic 
i|ualities and is one of <^uincy's icpreseiitative 

In the seiii l)sii2 he was married to Miss l,om?e 
Turner, of .\dains County, 111., the daughter of 
.lolin Turner, who was born in the .State of Maine. 
Six ehildien have blessed the union of our subject 
and wife. an<l are as follows: .\nna It., wife of |i. 
F. Porter; Nellie -May, wife of Anson M. Itrown, 
who is cashier for the Wabash Railroad Company; 
Pauline, wife of t harles Brown, of l\:insas City; 
(irace, I^roy,and Arthurat home. .Mr. Daugherty 
is a meml>er of the Royal .Vrcanum and is also a 
member of the Knight> of Pythias, thus showing 
his appreciation of secret organizations. In poli- 
tics, he is rather conservative in National affairs 
but generally votes with the DennK'ratic party, lie 
and wife hold nu'inbei>hip in the Itaptist Church. of 
which he is one of the Trustees, lie is one of the 
l)ire<-tors and st<K'k holders of the (^iiincy (iranite A- 
.Marble Company, of which he is President. His 
otilce and residence arc at No. Il.'i North Six 

DR. .loIlN W. Sl.ADK, proprietor of the 
Western Pension Claim .Vgeiicy, is one of 
the most successful |>eiision attorneys in the 
I'nitcd Stales, and is also a very succe.>sful pnic- 
licing physician, the duties of which arduous pro- 
fes-ioii he has proven himself eminently capal>le of 
filling, lie wasUirn in Harrison County, Ky.. Aug- 
ust 7, lM2f.asonof Lemuel W. slade.of Kenluckv 



and giandson of William Made, a native of Vir- 
ginia. The latter was one of the earliest settlers 
of the Blue Grass State, and for some time re- 
sided in Harrison and Clark- Counties, taking part 
in a number of Indian wars tiiat occurred on the 
"dark and bloody ground," as well as in the Wav 
of 1812. Like all the pioneers of tliose days, he 
resided in a log-cabin and followed agricultural 
pursuits and hunting for a livelihood, his taste for 
the latter occupation being abundantly gratified in 
that wild region. 

Lemuel W. Slade was a tailor by trade, and also 
a minister of the Methodist Episcopal Church and 
expounded the Gospel in Kentucky and Oliio, his 
death occurring in the latter State. His wife, Ann 
Slade, was born in Clark County, Ky., a daughter 
of William Williams, who was born in Charleston, 
S. C, and married Miss Anna Patrick, also of 
Chaileston. They were early settlers of Clark 
County, Ky., and there the father died, the mother's 
death occurring in Ohio, both being about eight.y- 
seven years of age. Twelve children were bo^^-n "to 
Lemuel W. Slade and wife, ten of whom grew to 
maturity. George was a member of the Ohio 
Infantry and is now residing at Ladoga, Ind.; 
Alexander was in the Seventh Ohio Cavalry and 
is now a resident of Georgetown, Ky.; I. M. Slade 
was Captain in the Twenty-third Kentucky In- 
fantry, and resides in Lexington, Ky.; James H. 
was in a Louisiana regiment during the Mexican 
War and was killed at Rio Callobosa. 

Dr. John W. Slade was reared in Kentucky, and 
as his father was a Methodist Episcopal ministei-, 
he obtained his education in the different localities 
in which they resided, starting out to fight life's bat- 
tle by himself at tlie age of thirteen years and for 
a time was eirand l)oy in a merchant tailor's shoi). 
In 1846 he went to New Orleans, La., and in the 
summer of 184(; volunteered in the Eirst Louisiana 
Regiment, Company A, as a soldier in the Mexican 
War, but at the end of three months his legiment 
was disbanded on the Rio Grande River, after which 
lie joined Capt. Walker's Texas Rangers. For 
about twelve months thereafter, he was in Compan v 
A, First Louisiana Regiment, with Capt. R. P. Mace, 
and was in the engagements from the taking of 
Vera Cruz till tlie cajiturc of the city of Mexico. 

At the capture of Matamoras, he was wounded in 
the right leg, was off duty for a time, and was then 
wounded four or five times in the head and at Rio 
Callobosa received a lance wound in the right leg. 
He won the sympathies of a Spaniard, who toolc 
him on his horse to his ranche, where llecaied for 
him for about a mouth. At the end of that time, 
while attempting to make his way to his command,' 
he was captured aliout ten miles out and was taken 
to San Luis Potosi, where he was kept a prisoner 
until exchanged a few months later. lie rejoined 
his regiment at Tampieo, Mexico, his death hav- 
ing been publi>hed. He was honorably discharged 
at Carrolltoii, La. Seventeen years later, he. was 
stationed at the same place, but as Surgeon of the 
Eleventh IMissouri Cavalry with the rank of Major. 
He returned to his home and began the study of 
medicine and in 18.53 removed to Louisiana, Mo., 
and took up the study and practice of dentistry. 
j He entered Keokuk (Iowa) College of Physicians 
and Surgeons, graduating with the degree of M. D. 
I in 1857, after which he became a successful practi- 
I tioner of Marlinsburg. 111. Later, he entered the 
I I'nion army as Surgeon and on the 7th of July, 
1863, was assigned to the Eleventh Missouri Cav- 
alry and, in time, with his command reached New 
Orleans under command of Gen. Phil Sheridan. 
July 27, 186,"), he vvas discharged at Carrollton. He 
returned to New Hartford, Pike County, 111., where 
he became a very successful medical practitioner 
and remained until .lanuary 1, 188.5, when he came 
to <^uincy. 

Dr. Slade was brought into the Pension Claim 
Agency because of his wide range of acquaintances 
among soldiers, having kept his surgeon's record, 
which he has found useful in his business. He has 
been so extensively engaged in this that he had to 
give up his practice. He was the first man in his 
line of business to commence traveling, but he 
has been successful and found it very profitable. 
His place of business is locate.l on the northeast 
corner of Sixth and Hampshire Streets, and his is the 
largest pension agency West of Washington City. 
He owns property on Sunset Hill and is in good 
financial circumstances. He was married in Cler- 
mont County, Ohio, to C. Malinda Hayes, a 
cousin of ex-President Hayes, her death occurrino 




^ M^^"^^^^ 

riiRTIJ.MT ANO r.Torinvi'irKAT. KFrORD. 


in I'ikf Comity.nfti'r sIk- liad liefoine llie mother of 
four oliilflicii: Newton is in liie ntu'serv l)ii!<in<'ss: 
Grant is Nijflit Mnil Clerk of tlie Tost Oilier 
«^iiiiiev;S(intee re-ido in li.\v;i. .-iiid Olive. Mrs. ( '. 
I.nken, of l^uiney. 

Dr. Sliide's seeond ninrriajre took place in New 
Hartford, III., Mrs. Klla S. (Fox) Malliis, a native 
of Wars-iw, 111., Iieeoniinur his wife. She is a tinelv 
eilncated lad\ and is ehief elerk in her husliand's 
aj,'ency. Dr. .Slade was Master of the Aneient 
Free and Aeeepted Masons at New Hartford and 
lia.s lieen a delegate to the (iraud Loilife. He is a 
nienilior of .lolin Wood Post No. '.Mi, (i. ,\. H.. 
and has been .Surjrpon of the same for some fonr 
years. He isal.soa memherof the .Mexican X'cteran 
\'oliiiiteers, is a Hejiulilican in politics and is a 
memlier of the Kiirhth Street .Methodist Kpiscopal 

.g r: U_ -^J«'*fe'!ii:— =t=-^<=l- 


JAMKS CHASK, was horn Aiijrust .".. 18l.-|, 
I in Adams (.'oiinty.and was a son of .Jona- 
than t'liase. who was also a native of this 
county. He had two sistcis and one lirother: 
Klla. who was horn in Adams County, liecanie the 
wife 1)1' Dr. \. V. Chase;, born In the same 
county, is the wife of Mr. Trilihle. a farmer, l>y 
whom she has live children. 

The subject of this sketch was educated in the 
public schools of (^uincy. and after att^iinins to 
mature yeai's marrieil .Mina I.oriuiC, who was l)orn 
in this county in \H't{'>. Her parents were O. J. 
and Klizabeth ( .McHroon ) l.orintr. The marriacre fif 
.Mr.and Mrs. Chase was celebrated in lH72.and nnto 
them were liorn the following children: Kttn, boi'n 
in 1h7.'3, is a graduate of the Clayton HighS'hiKil. 
.She is an artist of more ordinary ability, and 
expects to take a I'ourse of study in this 
direction. .M|jheiis, born in 1K7.'), is attending the 
high sch<«>l: and l-ibbie, born in 1877, i? a student 
in the Clayton schools. 

After his marriage. Mr. Chase en^aired in farm- 

ing for a period of ihive years, but at the expira- 
tion of that time he left his farm and came to 
Clayton, where he resided until his death. He 
-served .a-s I'ostmaster of Clayton during President 
Cleveland's administration, and faithfidly per- 
formed the duties of that oHIce for nearly four 
years, when he resigned and w.-is succeeded by a 
Hepublican candi<late, a.s that party ha(l again 
c(une in power. He owned one hundred and 
thirty acres of highly improved land, and contin- 
ued to oversee it, but his ill-health preventeil his 
iiperating it. He supervised its nmnagement until 
his death. 

In addition to his farm, Mr. Chase owned some 
valuable town properly, and at his death left to 
hi> family a comfortable estate valued at i^ir),(t(M). 
Their handsome and cf>mmodious residence in 
Cl.'iyton is a twelve-room dwelling, built in modern 
.style, and surrounded with beautiful shade tree.s. 
It is one of the plea.sant and hospitable homes of 
the city, and its doors arc ever open for the recep- 
tion of the many friends of the family. .Mr. Chase 
was a member of the Christian Church, n\u\ held 
menibei-ship with the Modern Woodmen Lodge, 
lM?ing the (irsl member of the camp in Clayt<ui to 
Ik' called frftm this life. He died September 2(1, 
IHiifl, and his death was mourned by many. He 
was a kind and loving husband and father, a 
faithful friend, and a consistent member of the 
church with which he had long l»een connected. 
His family ^till resides in Clayton, and raiik> high 
in it.s social circles. 

/=>, Prominent among the successfid profes- 
>ional men of tjuincy may be mentioned 
the name of this gentleman, who, although a res- 
ident of the city but a few years, has already 
^''aincd an extensive and enviable reputation as 
.an nl)le counselor and public-spirited citizen. He 
is .a member of the tlrm of Herrv, (fllarra A- Si-o- 



field, attorneys-at-law, aud his legal abilities iiave 
aided in soeuring the present iiigli standing of the 

The reader will be interested in learning some- 
thing concerning the life of Mr. Scofield. He was 
born in Carthage, 111., March 20, 1856, and was 
one of a family of tliree children born to Charles 
R. and Klizabeth (Crawford) ScoHeld. The father 
belonged to an old Eastern family of Scotcii-Irish 
descent, and was liorn in New York. Harly in 
life he located in Carthage, wliere he was a promi- 
nent attorne}- and inlluential in the public affairs 
of the community, being a standi supporter of the 
principles of the Democratic part}'. His death oc- 
curred there in January, 1857, when he was about 
fifty-eight years old. 

The maternal grandfather of our subject was 
Harrison Crawford, who was ))orn in Crab Orch- 
ard, Ky., wliere he grew to manhood .and carried 
on business as a blacksmitii. At an early day he 
removed to Carthage, becoming (jne of its pioneers, 
and bought a large tract of land near the village, 
where he carried on farming o[)erations. He was 
a man of the utmost probity and widely known 
among the early settlers of Hancock County, where 
his death occurred in 1871. at the age of sixty 
years. In his political sympathies, he was a Dem- 
ciat. In his religious connections, he was a mem- 
ber of the Christian Church at Carthage. 

The family of whicii the subject of this sketch 
is a member consisted of two otiier sons: Charles 
.1., who is now Circuit .Tudge of the Sixth .Judicial 
District and a prominent citizen of Carthage, 111.; 
and Harrison, who died in infancy. The mother 
of these children survived her husband many years, 
passing aw.ay ]May 27, 1877, mourned by all who 
knew her. Timothy J. attended the common and 
High Schools of liis native place, and afterward en- 
tered Carthage College, from which he was grad- 
uated in 187() with the degree of A. B. Three 
years later the degree of A. M. was conferred upon 
him. During the Centennial Year, he traveled ex- 
tensively through the East, and returning to Car- 
thage took up the study of law. In the fall of 
1871), he was admitted to the Bar at Mt. \'ernon, 
HI., and at once formed a law partnership with J. 
.1. AVilliams (now of Kansas City). He shortly 

afterward withdrew from this connection in order 
to enter the firm of Hooker, Scofield it Edmunds, 
and remained with them for nine months. 

The partner of his brother, the Judge, dying, 
our subject formed a partnership with him under 
the firm name of Scofield & Scofield. In 1884, 
Apollos OTIarra was admitted to the firm and upon 
the election of the Judge to his present position, 
in June, 1885, the title vi the firm became O'llarra 
ik Scofield. In .Fanuary, 1891, .Mr. Hartzell was 
admitted into partnership, and the firm was by 
that time known as one of the strongest and most 
successful in Hancock County. Their business in- 
creased to such an extent that it was found advis- 
able to open an office in (^uincy, in order that 
their large practice in Adams County might be 
properly attended to. 

Upon removing to (iuincy, in February, I8',)l, 
Col. William W. lierry entered into the firm as a 
partner, and the business is now conducted under 
the title of Berry, O'llarra Ar Scofield. They have the 
leading practice of the county, and as a sample of 
the important interests confided to them, it may 
be mentioned that they have been retained for the 
Water Works; the State Loan & Trust Company; 
the Newcoinb Hotel Companj'; Weems Bros., and 
the (.iuincy, Omaha ct Kansas City Railroad, in 
addition to which they have charge of an immense 
number of important local cases. 

In 1888, Mr. Scofield was the Elector in the 
Eleventh Congressional District on the Democratic 
National ticket, and during the year made seventy- 
five speeches in Illinois. From xVugust until the 
close of the campaign, he traveled through the 
Eleventh District under the direction of the Stale 
Central Committee, and Mr. Campbell, Chairman 
of that committee, announced that Gov. Palmer 
was the only man who had made more speeches 
than Mr. Scofield. _ In count}' and State conven- 
tions, Mr. Scofield is very prominent and it has 
been a disappointment to his fellow-citizens that 
he will not allow his name to go before the Con- 
vention for Congressman. For six terms he served 
as Alderman of the Third Ward of Carthage and 
has occupied other positions of trust. 

October 1, 1877, at Carthage, HI., Mr. Scofield married to Miss Georgia, daughter of Hon. 

POirnt.MT AND KKH'.Iv'Al'IlKAI, KF.CORl). 


( JiMirge Kiliimiids, a priiiiiiiiciit !ill<iiiu\\ uf llaii- 
c'tR'k Citiiiilv. Mi-s. Sfolit'ld was Ixuii in Naiivoo. 
lull ac('i)in|iaiii(>(l lier paiviils to Carlliaj^c wlii'ii 
i|mlt' vtiiiiiir. Six cliildri'ii have Ihmmi Imrn to 
lliem: Cliaiii's . I., .Jessie I.. \'oln V.. Cora K., .Iiiiiius 
(.'. anil 'I'liDMiiLs K. Mr. .Votleld is President c>f 
llie Independent Order of Mutual Aid, of wliioli 
lie was one of the orjfani/.ers in Illinois in 1H7H, 
and for several veai-<i was \'iet'-prcsident an<I later 
(Jrand Presiiieiit. lie is a Kovnl .Vreli .Mason and 
has served as Tliriee Illustrious .Master in Counsel, 
also a Kniifht Teiniilar. In his aetions as well as 
his politieal allinities, he is Deiiiocr.-itie. lilieral and 
open-hearted in disposition, of unfailing •;enialit\' 
of manners, and it is not straiijje that he is very 
popular with all classes of people. 


tillN II. .I.V.MKS. This sueeessful liusiness 
man i.x the only dealer in sfiaiii in I'l-sa 
villaj^e. He is al.«o a laiul-owiier and a man 
^ much refiarded in the neitflilMirhood. He 
wa-s the yoiiiifiest of the family of four children 
JMirii to his parents, and his liirth oc-curred An- 
y;iist <;, IM:\. in Hoone County, Mo. His father 
was .\dam .lames, a native of Kentucky, horn in 
I KOI. After his marriage there, he moved to 
Missouri, in 18.'<l,aiid settled in Boone County, 
where he lived for eighteen years. He cleared up 
a fa'in there, hut left it and moved to Illinois in 
1«IK, and settled in Mendoii Township on rented 
land for a few years, then liought a farm and im 
proved it. He and his wife were pious [leople, 
having l>een membci-s of the Methodist Kpiseopal 
Church from the age of sixteen years. He was a 
Class-leader and active in all religious work. He 
died in l»<f>7. having turned in his latter days from 
a Whig to a Denujcrat. The mother of our subject 
was .Mary, the daughter of .lames Richards; she 
was iMirii in 1><0(I, in lventu<ky, and died a Chris- 
tian death in ISH2. 

Mr. .lames of this notice was reared on a farm, 
and attended the village schools, reiiiainlim at 

home until lii.x marriage. This took place in the 
year IS.'i'.t. when he married Mrs. .Martha Swartz, .•( 
daughter of Daniel Taylor, a very old settler in 
I'rsa Township, where his daughter's liirtli i«-- 
eiirred in \h;\:,. 

After marringe, Mr. .lames settled upon the old 
.l:tmes farm in Mcndon Township, anil there he 
lived until nine years ago. He then moved lohis 
present home. Since his residence in the village 
of I'rsji. Mr. .lames has lieen engaged in the coal 
liusiness and also in the grain liusiness loa great ex- 
tent. He has the exclusive mono|»oly of the latter 
here, and handles one hundred and fifty thonsund 
liushels a year. 

Mr. and .Mrs. .lames are the parents of six cliil- 
clii-ii. all of whom have received good educations: 
Walter S.. .\innnda, Lindsay, Kdward, Mary and 
Charles A. Walter S. is an airent for the .Missouri 
I'acilic Railroad at Foster. Mo.; I.ind>ay is agent 
for the same road at Wellington, Mo.; Kdward is a 
cattle-buyer here; Charles A. is a student of law, 
and will attend college at .\nn .\rlior. .Mich. 

.Mr. .lames is a DemiK'i'at in his political convic- 
tions, and has filled theolliccsof Collector of Men- 
don Township and for the school district for 
eighteen years. He is the owner of a line prop- 
erty in I'rsa. and is a genllemau very highly re- 
garded by his iieighboi"s. who have known him so 
niiinv vears. 

(»IIN .1. M1;T/.<;KR. in mentioning those 
of foreign birth who have become promi- 
nently ideiitilied with the business interests 
of t^uincy. 111., we shoiilil not fail to present 
an outline of the career of .Mr. .Metzger, for he is 
one who has borne out the reputation of that 
of industrious, energetic and far-seeing men of 
(ierman nativity who have risen to prominence 
ill different |Mirtioiis of this county. He is at pre- 
sent a memlier of the Metzger I'ork Packing Com- 
liaiiy and is the manager of the In- 



(lustiimis in Ins liahits, and progressive in iiis ideas, 
Mr. Metzger has met witli substantial results, and 
is a gentleman well and favoralily known to the 
people of Adams County. His whole career has 
been marked by great honesty and tidelil}' of pur- 

Mr. Metzger was born in Wurtemberg, (Termany, 
on the 30tli of November, 1«42, and, when but 
three years of age, was brought to America by his 
parents, jNIarlin and IMargaret Metzger. Tiiey 
landed in New Oi'leans. Ijut went from there to 
Brownsville, Tex., where tiie father was engaged 
in business for some time, and later went to 15ur- 
lington, Iowa, settling on a farm. From there, 
they moved to a farm in the Prairie State and 
there the father received his final summons. The 
mother removed toQuinc^^ and died there in 1882, 
when sevent3'-eight years of age. They were 
worthy people, and reared their ten children to 
be honorable men and women. 

John J. Metzger, the youngest of these children, 
received his education in the different localities in 
which his parents resided and was eleven years of 
age when he came to Quiucy. After leaving the 
schools of this city, he began learning the harness- 
maker's trade with Banard & Lockwood, and was 
with this company for six years. Having accumu- 
lated some means, he resolved to start out in busi- 
ness for himself, and opened a harness shop on 
Hampshire Street, where he was actively engaged 
for two years. Selling out his stock, he went to 
York Street and was engaged in business there 
from 1869 until 1885, when he turned the business 
over to his son, George M. Since then, he has 
been connected with the pork-packing business, and 
took Christopher Ward in as partner, under the 
firm name of Metzger ife Ward. Later, he was con- 
nected with Henry Behrnsmeyer in the packing 
business and they continued together until 1891, 
wlien our subject sold out to his partner and 
started the Metzger Pork Packing Company. He 
has met with unusual success in all his business ef- 
forts and is one of the substantial men of the city. 
His business is not only creditable and beneficial 
to the city, but also one that reflects credit on him- 
self, and which bids fair to be one of the largest 
enterprises of the kind in this section. 

On the 9th of November, 186.5, he was united 
in marriage to Miss Elizabeth Keuter, of Quinc3', 
daughter of Job G. Keuter, and six children have 
lilessed this union, four daughters and two sons. 
Mr. Metzger was Chief of the Fire Department 
three terms and is now First Assistant Chieftain of 
the Fire Department. He is active in all enter- 
prises worthy of notice and extends a helping and 
generous hand to further the advancement of the 
city. Not only is he prominent in business circles, 
but as a citizen he is highl.y esteemed. He has a 
good home at No. 533 York Street, Quincy, and he 
and his family worship at St. Boniface Catholic 


AMUEL S. INMAN. This young gentle- 
man, who is one of the leading merchants 
of Plain ville, carries on a thriving trade in 
the hardware liusiness and also deals ex- 
tensively in agricultural implements, lie has been 
very prosperous in his chosen calling and is a man 
whose many pleasant social qualities make him 
popular in the community. 

The gentleman whose name heads this sketcii is 
a native of this county, having been born in 1859, 
in Payson, where his parents, James and Harriet 
Inman, located in 1852. His early life was passed 
amid the scenes of his birth and he acquired a good 
practical education in the common schools, where 
he laid a solid foundation for his career as a busi- 
ness man. His father being a farmer, he aided 
him in the management of the home estate until 
1888, when, thinking to better his condition, he en- 
gaged in selling farm implements at Payson, which 
line of business he continued for a twelvemonth- 
At the end of that time, he became a partner of J. 
C. Baker, at Plainville, where Mr. Baker was a 
prominent hardware merchant, and six months 
later, purchased his partner's interest in the store 
and has since conducted the business prosperously 
alone. He is one of those men who can successfully the many disadvantages and trials that come 



iil><)ii line ill the liiisiiu'*i world, and is also the 
li:i|i|i_v (lux-o.-xir of llint eiii-rirv that .-oi'iii.- soiiie- 
liow lo traiisforin a poor iK-fiiiiniiij; into a iinot 
llattcriii); ending, lie lin.s tin- lionor of lH'iii<; tlie 
oiilv man who has cvi-r made tho liaidwaiv liiisi- 
iH'ss a suttTss ill lliis phicf. ami liv strict iiitoy- 
ritv and i^uod ii)ana<;i'iiient lie is rapidly coming 
to tlic front amoiiiiihi' linsiiicss nu'ii of llip county. 
Miss irciia, daujilitcr of I. M.'riionipson, of I'ay- 
soii, iK-canie the wife of our subject in 1X83. She 
is a very intelliireiit ainl cultured lady and liy her 
union with Mr. Inniaii lias lieconic the mother of 
two children. l-!<liia \'. and I'llaiuhe. In social 
inatti'is, our suliject is a ineinl)er of the Independ- 
ent Order of Odd Fellows, and with his wife is an 
intluential nicinlicr of the .Methodist Kpistcopnl 


OllN S. Kt IV, who follows general farming 
on section 11. Concord Town.^liii), i.s of 
.Scottish liirtli. lie was horn in Scotland in 
1K2H. and is a son of .lolin Hoy, who was 
also a nativeof that land, lie had one hrotlierand 
two sisters, hut all are now deceased. 

In the piililic schools of his native land, .Mr. Hoy 
aeipiired his I'ducatiou and at an early age be 
started out in life for himself, since which time he 
has lH.'en dependent upon his own resources, and 
the suci>ess that he has achieved st:in<ls :us a monu- 
ment to his thrift and enterprise. When a youii^ 
man, he deleiiiiined to cross the .\llantii' and .seek 
a home in liu- New Wmld. uf wlnoe .-id vantages 
and privileges he had heard much, lie lii-st iiK-aled 
in New .lei>ey, where he enpiged in farming for a 
time, hut in IK/iG he came to Adams County. For 
fourteen years he has resided upon his present 
farm, which is a highly iiiiproveil :ind well-culti- 
vated tract. 

Ill IMI'.i, Mr. |{oy w:f< united in niarria;:e with 
.\giies l.yoii. who was liorii in S-otland in lK.'t2. 
'riiey Ix'came the parents of the following children: 
.lohn, iHirn in 1^01. m as educated in the common 

schools, and is now practicing chiropody in Omaha, 
Net).; Mary, liorn in l»<."i:l, is the wife of F. liiirke, a 
farmer of North F-ast Township; .Margan-t, horn in 
1855, is the wife of .lnhn l.<'wis: .lames, liorn in 
1H.")7, resides in Missouri: l)avid l'., horn in Ih.'i'.t, 
married Id.-i Lyons and resiiles in Ihiscoiinty ; Wil- 
lie Thomas, lx>rn in |H(;:i, i> at home; .losepli, horn 
in IH(!t>, inarried liianche .\iisiniis and is a s«-liool 
teacher: .Vrtliur, liorn in 1871, is still under the 
parental riMif. 

During the late war. .Mr. l{oy showed his loyalty 
to his adopted country hy enlisting in the One 
Hundred and Fifty-liflh Illinois Infantry, in which 
he served for six month'! and txveiity days. In his 
political alliliations he is independent and in his 
social relations he is a niemla>r of the ( iran<] Army 
of the Hepulilic. It was a fortunate day for Mr. 
Roy when he determined lo leave his native land 
and cimie to America, for here he Iiils found a pleas- 
ant home, won many friends and secured a well- 
deserved prosperity. Wy his industrious ami well- 
directed efforts he has won a handsome comiK'tence 
and is numhered among the leading and siilislan- 
tial fariiiei> of the commuiiitv. 


•J DWAHI) II. .MKNKF. is the foreman of the 
stone-eutting department of the F. W. 
^ Meiike Stone A- I.iiiie Company, of ( ^uiiicy, 
III., .and to this liiisinevs his entire time and atten- 
tion an' (Icvoti'd. .Mtliough a young man. he has 
already made a repuUition for energy, integrity 
.and eiitei|irise, is popular in the liiisiiieNS nnd .s<j- 
cial circles in which he moves, nnd as a stone-ciii- 
l<'r sustains a high repiitjilion. and fiillx' deserves 
to do so. Ills hirth occurred in i^iiincy on the .'td 
of .lul\. IMtil.andas he has resided in this city 
all hi> life, he is well known and highly esteemed 
for his many esliiiialile ipialities of heart and head, 
lie wiLsthe second son of Frederick W. and l.oiiisi* 
, .Nleiike. the former of whom is one of the loading 



c'Ontiactors of (^uiney, a sketch of whom appears 
elsewhere in this woik. 

Edward II. Menke received tlie advantaa;es of 
the schools of (Juincy in his youth, and had the 
good judgment to make the most of his o|i))<)rtu- 
nities. Uimn finishing his education, lie was a 
well-informed yonng man. and phjsically was well 
qualified to take upon himself the duties of life. 
Heat once began learning the stone-cntter's trade 
under the guidance of his father, who was emi- 
nently fitted to instruct him in the details and mys- 
teries of that business. After becoming i)roficient 
he at once began to work with his father, who 
is a very extensive contractor and builder, and 
a heavy dealer in stone for building purposes, 
and in connection with iiini has followed his 
calling up to the present time, and is the 
trusted and etticicnt foreman of his stone-cutting 
dejiartnient. He has shown a great deal of tact 
in the conduct of this department, aiid he has 
demonstrated the fact that he has executiveability 
of a liigh order, and is eminently fitted for carry- 
ing forward the work over which he has control. 

In the month of November. 1891, he was mar- 
ried to Miss Matilda Dick, the accomplished, intelli- 
gent and amiable daughter of John Dick (de- 
ceased), of (Juiiicy, 111., and they are now resid- 
ing in Park Place, in a new and handsome brick 
residence of the latest architectural design. It is 
beautifully finisiicd. liotii inside and out, and is 
fitted up with ail the latest modern iinproveineiits, 
is handsomely furnished, and is a model of con- 
venience and comfort. Mv. Menke is genial and 
hospitable, and a royal welcome and entertain- 
ment are always extended to his friends at his 
home at Park Place by himself and his estimable 
wife. Mr. Menke has always been a stanch sup- 
porter of Republican principles, and he has never 
ceased to exhibit the liveliest interest in the pub- 
lic questions of the day. Asa man, he possesses 
very social instincts, and this quality has won him 
a host of warm and devoted friends. His home 
life is singulatl3' happy, and he is a most agi'ee- 
able gentleman to meet. 

He is a director and stockholder of the Jlenkc 
Stone & Lime Company, of Quincy, and is othcr- 
Tyise intecestod \n valiiable propect^y ji) this city. 

He is a wide-awake man of affairs, but liis trans- 
actions are alwajs marked by the strictest integ- 
rity and by a desire to d(^ wiiat is just and right 
by his fellows. His career [H'omises to l>e one of 
usefulness and honor. 

■ 7 ■ I 

I ' t ' 1^ r < ^ ^" ^ 

^ IlILLIAM K. GILLlLANi), M. I)., has for 
\/iJ// ^^^'"^"ty .vesirs engaged in the jtractice of 
W^ medicine in Coatsburg, and is a leading 
physician of this section of the county. He well 
deserves representation in this Aolume. The 
great-grandfather of our subject, Thomas fiilli- 
land, was born on the Atlantic, while his [larents 
were crossing the ocean from Ireland. He was 
reared on the Ijoundary line between Delaware and 
Maryland. Having married, he became the father 
of three so: s: Thomas, William and Robert, the 
last-named being the grandfather of our subject. 
He emigrated to Kentucky in an early day and 
lived in a block-house. He was one of Kentucky's 
honored jiioneers, and was a warm friend of Daiiiil 
lioone. In 18-i7, he emigrated with his family to 
Illinois, locating in Morgan County, whence he 
came to Adams County. He was also one of 
the early settlers of this community, and during 
his life he participated in several Indian wars. He 
lived almost entirely upon the frontier and did 
much for the advancement and upbuilding of the 
localities in which he resided. His death occurred 
in 1854, at the age of eighty-six years. 

The Doctor's father, William I'. Gilliland, was 
born in Kentucky, in 1805, and accompanied his 
jiarents on their emigration to tliis State. In 
Morgan County he purchased wild land, and in a 
log cabin, 16x18 feet, made his home. There he 
imjiroved and developed a farm, upon which he 
resided until the spring of 1841, when he came 
to Meiidou. For some years he continued to en- 
gage in agricultural pursuits, liut is now living a 
retired life. He married Letitia Curry, who was born 
in Kentucky, in 1808, and died on tiio 4tli of Sep- 
toiiiber, 18;)(i. Like hey Imsliniid, she >v(is for ninny 

TOKIKAir AM) I!I«m;KAIMI1( \I. i;i:(()RI). 

•-'•; 1 

y»'iii> !i fnitlifiil iik'IiiIht of tin- Mi-tlioili,*! Clmirli. 
Mr. (iilliliuid i> ii pi'iuiiiiifiit hikI iiilhieiilinU-iti/i-n 
of this c'oiniiiiinitv. nnd liiis tilli'rl tin- olliccs of 
.liistiff of tin- I'ciKT, Su|HTvir<or nnd ('•illoflur. 

Dr. (iillilnnil >vit> tlu> lliiri) in oi'dor of liirtli in 
It fnniilv of live M>ns anil fuur (1itu^litei>. <if whom 
four Min> iind one dHU<;ht4>r nrc vet livin;;. Mr 
w:is iMirn .liinuarv I. IH.'t:!. in tin- littU- In;; niltiii 
ill Mori;nn County. Ills odn<%' iidvnnt«ge» 
wvn- vi'iv in«'!i>^rc, Iwini; iici|uirod in \i><i sfliool 
hou!>i-.>< with sinli m'iU.s :in<l |iniu'hcon, or soinetiiiiis 
only dirt, tlotir*. Mis trainint; in farm Inluir.liow- 
ovt-r. »!is not so nioa;i;r<'. 'riiosi' wlio iovt-d liuiit- 
Iiijl; had uiiipio o|i|Kirtunity to indulge tht-ir t:islo, 
nnil Ihf DiK'lor liiinself lias killed insny dei-r, linv- 
in;,' prolialily killed llii' hirjrcsl one cvi-r shot in 
Adams County, l-'or a fi'W terms he enga>;ed in 
teaehin^ siehool, hut in the earlier veal's of Wis 
manhood devoted the greater |iart of his atten- 
tion to farm work. 

In the spring of 1K,')4, on attaining his majority, 
the I>(K-tor married Saraii K. Mover, whii was horn 
in rennsylvania, and with her parent'* enme to 
Illinois in I8.'>l. Ilcr father died nt the age of 
si.\ty-six yeai>, and her mother is still living in the 
eighty-third year of her age. The Doetor and his 
wife have had live children: .Vnnie, wife of I'rof. 
William S.Cray, of Cojil.-huig: .lohii ( >. aiirl Henry 
1... iMilhdeeeased: Minnie M.. wife of W. T. Klliotl, 
of Madison, Wis., a traveling salesman for the 
KiK-k Island Plow Coiiipany; nnd William M., who 
graduated from the Illinois State I'niversily. and 
is a meehanienl engineer in the pmphiy of the 
llnrvey Steel Car Company, of Harvey, one of the 
snliurlis of Chieago. 

.\fler his marriage. I)i. Cillilaiid engaged in 
farming in Cilnier Township, where he remained 
for live yeai>. In IH.'i'.l, he removed to .Vnderson 
County. Kan., where he farmed for two yeai>. In 
the spring of IKli'', lit- relumed [a) this eouiit\ and 
again i-esided upon a farm in liilmer Township 
until l«7o. For the previous live yeni-s he had read 
medieine anil in iMIiH i-ntered the .Medical College 
of St. l.onis, from whieli he wa> graduated in 
IH7(). He then eanie ti> ( 'iiataliurg. :ind for 
tweiity-lwo yejirs has heen one of its proininciit 
prjieijljoners. He Ii:i.s also l>eeii a inenili'r of thu 

.\ilains County Medieal SiK-iety for si'veral \enrs. 
Ill polities, he is a l)eni<H-mt, and takes ipiiti- nn 
aetive |»«rt in promoting its interest*. He oiiee 
served as Su|K'rvisor and has freipieiilly k-eii n 
delegate to the eoiinty and .stale I'oiiTentions, hut 
lifts never U-eii an aspirant for pulilic ollitr. Si- 
eially. he has U'eii a .Ma-'on for twenty years and 
Mi-s. liilliland is a memlier of the .Methodist Kpis- 
eopal Chiireli. 

The Doctor is a si-lf-made man who has acipiired 
a eomfortjilile eoni|H-tenit> and made Iiims4-|f well 
informed on all ipiestioiis of general interest. He 
is well versed in his profession, keeps altreiust with 
all the discoveries and theorii-s |)ertaiiiing to the 
s<-ieiice of medieine. and Ins recogni/.ed skill and 
aliility have secured him a large pr.wlicv. 

lis. SAKAII K. SK(;i;i{. Affection 
diettited the following facts eoiieerning 
the useful life of one of the old settlers of 
this city. To his liereaved widow are we 
indehted for lliese remiiiiscence.s of the career of 
Samuel K. Seger. who, during life, conducted a 
large griK'ery husines> through the civil war, and 
through nil the panii-s nnd market lliictuatioiis, 
with such foresijrlil jind iriM)d maiiagenienl, that nt 
his demise his family were ahle to continue wilh- 
oiil any re-«rraiigeinenl. This is uiiusnnl in anv 
Imsiness and only gives an instaiioe of the careful 
judgment of the deceased. 

Samuel .S-ger was the son of .\iidrew ami .Vim 
(Skinner) .Si'ger, natives of .New Vork and I'eiiii- 
sylvania, respectively, .\iidrew Seger hroiiglit 
his family here in l«:{(i, hut his health U'canie (Mior. 
and lie died .Ijiniinry 2. IXl«. His wife survived 
him until ()<-lolier "J'.i. IX.'i.'i. They were ic>pccted 
memlM-i-s of the Ibiptist Church. 

Samuel was one of live sons, and was the oiil\ 
one who grew to any nge, and whs lirotight here 
wlifii only eleven venis. of age. He had few edu- 
cational advantnges nnd was almost wholh n M'lf. 
made man, Ue Liegan his life work in the employ 



of S. and W. B. Thayer, wholesale clry-soods men 
and gioeers. He continued with them foi- fifteen 
years, and became head book-keeper and manager 
of their business. In 1858, he started a retail 
groceiv business on Hampshire Street, and later 
made it wholesale also. All his enterprises proved 
successful and he made money rapidly. In March, 
1871, he bought a store at Xo. U! North Fourth 
Street, and engaged in an exclusive wholesale trade. 
His i)lans for future usefulness were dissipated by 
his death, which occurred ]March 21, 1882, He was 
not only prominent in commercial circles, but was 
an important member of the lodges of Knights 
Temjjlar and the Consistory, and is a Thirty-third 
Degree Mason, and a Knight of Pythias. He was a 
member of the Independent Order of Odd Fellows, 
and w,as an organizer of the Mutual Aid of Illinois, 
of winch he was Grand Treasurer when he died. He 
was a strong supporter of tlie i)rincii)les of the 
Republican jiart}'. 

Mr. Seger was married here, April 25, 1818, to 
the faithful woman who now treasures his memory 
so fondly. Her name was Sarah E. Thomp- 
son, and her birthplace was New York City. Her 
father, Samuel Thompson, was a stove dealer in 
New York, and in July, 1845, he brought his 
family to (Juincy, where he lived quietly until his 
death, in 185.'i. The mother of ISIrs. Seger was a 
native of New York also, but she ended her life 
here, August 26, 1851. 

Mrs. Seger was reared in the State of her Itirth 
until her thirteenth year, and in 1813 she came to 
Burlington, Iowa, and on .lidy 2, 1845, slie 
reached (^uincy, which was then a verj' small 
place, where there was very primitive living. 
She has taken great comfort in her three line sons. 
(See sketch of Ciiarles, Frank and Elmer Seger.) 
After the death of her husband, Mrs. Seger bravely 
took up his work, and with the assistance of her 
sons has continueil the business in a very etticient 
manner. The firm name now is S. E. Seger's 
Sons, and is composed of Mrs. Seger and lier three 

The business of this firm is very large, and in 
1877 they erected a new building on Olive Street 
and Broadwa}-, and occupied it in 1888. The}' 
use two buildings, one one luijidred ai)d nfty-ciglit 

feet on Broadway, and the other one hundred 
feet on Olive Street. I'lie}' are three stories high 
and there'are two steam elevators in the buildings, 
which are heated by steam. A special feature 
of tlieir business is the grinding of si)ices and the 
roasting of coffee for the trade. They deal m all 
the staple and fancy groceries, and in tobacco and 
cigars. They reserve the ground Hoor for stowing 
and shipping, the second floor for sample rooms 
and oftice, and the thiid floor for storage. They 
have the best of shipping facilities, and all their 
arrangements are calculated to carr}' on the largest 
business of their kind in the city with prompt- 
ness and accuracy. 

The home of Mrs. Seger is one of the most 
beautiful in the city, and there this lad}- of culture 
m.ay take her hours of ease among her delightful 
surroundings, after her seasons of tiresome business 
care. She claims her right, as a woman of luisiness, 
to have an opinion upon political (piestions, and 
when tlie subject of suffrage is favorablj' decided, 
she will give her vote for the Republican party. 

■^y^OHN J. DKUMMON, one of the extensive 
land-owners of Adams County, who carries 
on farming and stock-raising on a large 
J scale on sections 19 and 30, Beverly Tftwn- 
ship, is a native of the Keystone State, born in 
1825. His parents, Arthur and Ann (Jones) l^runi- 
mon, were natives of New Jersey and Pennsyl- 
vania, respectively. The father served in the War 
of 1812. 

Our subject is one of a family of five children, 
four of whom are now li ving. No event of special im- 
portance occurred during his bo3hood da3s. His 
education was acquired in the common schools and 
he began earning his own livelihood in Penu- 
.sylvania, where he worked until the spring of 1855. 
That j'ear witnessed his emigration to Pike County, 
]il.. where he made his home for seven years. In 
18U1, he purchiised fV tcact of eighty)- acres of land 




ill lii'vcilv Townsliip, Ai]niii> County. Siil>.-.i'- 
i|iiciitly, he liou^flil aiu>tlu-r oi!,'lil y-i«i'n' trni-t niul 
from tiiiH- t<i tiiiii- lias sim.'<'fxU'ii(k'(l tlu- lii>iiii(l:ir- 
io )•( lii> fnriii until it now foiniiriM-s m-vimi Iiuii- 
(Ircil mill t\v<>iit\ Mcre.sof nrnblc laiiil. This i:) one 
of till' valiiiililf ami Hi'siralilc lioinestoails in Adam.'- 
(oiiiity. anil is i-las.scil anions tin- inoili'l farms. 
Tlif rich mill fcrlilo tielils aiv niulcr a lii;;h state 
of i-iiltivatioii and lit- lias niaih' many impiovo- 
iiiciit.« ii|Miii till- place. Ills Itarnsaiiil oilllinililiiij.:)) 
are inoilels of eoiivenieiiw anil there seems to be 
iiotliin;; laekiii;;. The slock which lie raises is of 
j;uimI ■;ia<li->. 

Ill ixt'.i. ill l'ittsliiir;;h. I'a.. Mr. Itriimmon was 
united in iiiarria;;e with Mis,- Matilda Sjh'iicc, 
who was born in that city in \h->h. .Seven chil- 
dren fjraeed their union, of whom four are yet 
livini;. as follows: Mary A. is luiw the wife of 
Al Wheatiiif;. a resident of Hichlield; James II. 
wedded Mary McLean and makes his home in 
IJeverly: William married Miss Mary liiiiton and 
is a resilient of Kl Keiio, I Iklahuiiia; Abraham, who 
eonipleles the family , resides al liuiiie. The chil- 
dren were all educated in the coiiiiiion schools, ex- 
cept Abraham, who pursued lii> -liidii- at Camp 
I'uint, Itiishnell and .Sprini>lield. 

Mr. Driimiiion is a piil>lic->pii itcd and |)iui;res- 
sivecili/eii, who manifests a i-uninieiidable interest 
in all that {lertains to the welfare of the commu- 
nity ami is ever found in the front rank in support 
of worlhy public measures. Like e\ ery true 
.\meric'an citizen should, he feels an iiitere>>t in 
|)olitical affaii>. Ileexereises his ri;;li' of franehiM' 
in >iipport of the Kepubliean party and is a stal- 
wart sup|>orter of its principles, which he warmly 
advocates. However, he has never been an otliee- 
seeker. His wife is a liiember of the Itapti-t 
Church and he contributes liberally to its support. 
Mr. nriiiiinion i» a plea-ant, i^enial •feiitleman, 
who is held in hifih e.«leeiii tliroui;hoiit the enm- 
miinity for his many excellencies of character. 
He has U-en very successful in life and his pros- 
perity is well ik"s<-rved. lie is now niinilK'red 
amonfi; the siibsUtntnil citizens of the community, 
mid altlioii^ili he U'^ life enipty-lianded, he i- 
now Mirroiiiided with all the eomforl'- and |ii\iirie> 
which make life worth living. 


^c^A.Ml Kl. (.. IILIXIN. Oil. I.\ ui.e the 
^^^ old s«'ltlers of the county are departiufj: 
\.^_^ to the bourne whence no traveler returns, 
li-avins; behind llieni records worthy of 
study and examples worthy of imitation. One of 
tlii- iiiimlier is the late Samuel liliveii, who is 
Weil remeiiibercd by all who knew him as a man 
of ;;real industry, good judgment and a |H-rsonal 
eharaeter which won him a liiirli degree of re- 
spect from tlio.-e with whom he associated. Fi- 
nancially s|)eaking, he wa- a self-made man, 
having Ik'^iiii his career in life with no other 
capital than that embraced in his bniiii, his will 
power and his physical ability. When removed 
by death, .lime ."III. IXDI. he was tjie owner of a 
line estilte of nvi r twi.lvi. Iiiiiidred acres in .\dams 

lie (if whom H.- Hiiie was born in New Vork 
.State in ISo'.i. the son of .lames Kliveii. In his 
native Slate he ■;rcw to mature years, pursuing 
his studies in the district s«-liool. When eslabli>h- 
ing a home of hi- own, he was married in New 
York to Miss Maria, daughter of Henry Wheeler. 
.She came to this Stale as early as IH.'l.'i, in coiii- 
paiiy with her husband and three children, who 
bore the respective names of Mary .1., Alliert and 
Harrison. To that niiinlM-r were added seven 
more, who were Ikm-ii after coming to this county, 
and all of whom, with one e\ce]jtion. are living. 
The mother also still -iirvives ( \H'J->) 

Three sons of oiir subject, .Mbert, llarri.-oii and 
.lefTerson, served during the late war as inemlH-rs 
of the One Hundred and Kiirhteeiitli, .Seveiitv- 
eiglitli and Kiglily-foiii th lllinoi- Infantry re- 
spectively and tin- two latter gave up their lives 
ill defense of llieir eoiintry. Mr. IJIiven was 
|iroiiiiiient in varioii- affairs in hi- township, and, 
iK'iii'j iinii-iially keen-witted, wa."! able at a glance 
to place the correct valuation upon men and 
things. He I'a.-t his ballot and ii»cd his intlueiiee 
in liehalf of the Kepubliean party anil wa- a man 
of i.'ood mental endowment-. Frank and -traiylil- 
forwiird, he wa- lii;'hl\' regarded by all who knew 
him or had special dealings with him. 

Cliarle- T. ISIiveii. who, with his brnther lliiiim, 
I- the oiil.\ meiiiU'r of the family re>iding in this 
County, w:i.- here born in I^H!.. -11111 was given :\ 



good education. In October, 1867, he was mar- 
ried to Miss L11C3' Cavolt, and to them were born 
eleven children, two of whom are deceased. So 
cialty, Charles T. is a member in good standing 
of the Odd Fellows' lodge at Burton, and is a 
stanch Repuljlican in politics. His home is pleas- 
antly located on section 21, Burton Township, 
and bears every indication of careful cultivation. 

H. WILLIAMSON. In carefulh- reviewing 
the general business interests of Quincy, 
^i^'' the interesting and instructive fact is re- 
vealed that not one is of more importance than 
that devoted to the handling of fruits and vege- 
tables. The transactions in these lines are upon a 
large scale daily, and Mr. "Williamson ships large 
consignments to retailers in Illinois, Iowa and 
Missouri. His house is one of the leading, best- 
known and most reliable of the kind in the city, 
maintains a high reputation for fair dealing, and 
few, if any, enjoy a larger measure of recognition. 
The business was established in 1889, and in its 
management Mr. Williamson has demonstrated the 
fact that he is a keen, intelligent man of business, 
thoroughly conversant with all the requirements 
of the trade and eminently popular in meeting all 
its demands. 

Mr. "Williamson was born in Quincy SeiJtember 
1, 1862, and as he lias made this place liis home 
tliroughout life, the citizens have had every op- 
))ortunity to judge of his character and business 
iiualilications, and naught has ever been said de- 
rogatory to either. He inherits Scotch, Irish and 
fxerman blood from his parents, and a sufficient 
number of the sterling attributes of each to maiie 
him a successful financier and a useful citizen. 
His father, Henry A. AVilliamson. emigrated to 
(Quincy, 1 11., from Pennsylvania, and in this city 
became a wholesale dealer in oil and salt, a calling 
he followed from the time of his location in 185!*. 
C. II. Williamson is the eldest of his parents' 
three children, and up to the .age of twelve years 

he was educated in a private school at Quincy. 
He then entered the Quincy High School, where he 
fitted himself for college, and at the youthful 
age of sixteen jears he entered Racine College, of 
Racine, Wis., graduating in the classical course in 
1882 as a Bachelor of Arts and being the valedic- 
torian of Ills class. Upon ftnishing his collegiate 
course, he was offered the chair of Latin, and one 
year later the chair of mathematics in his alma 
mater, but preferred to enter at once upon the 
active scenes of business life, and for two years 
after his graduation he was associated with his 
father in the salt and oil business. At the end of 
this time, he went to New York City and took a 
post-graduate course in Columbia College, where 
he earnestly pursued the study of theology and 
social science for four years, and during that time 
the degree of Master of Arts was conferred upon 

AVhile in that institution, he received an offer of 
the chair of Greek in an Eastern college, but. not 
desiring a professorship, he again returned to the 
scenes of his boyhood, and was again associated 
with his father for two years. In 1889, he em- 
barked in the produce business on his own account 


I in (Quincy, in the management of which, as has 

j been seen above, he has shown remarkable busi- 
ness sagacity and has won a liigli reputation in 
trade circles. He lias won the entire confidence of 
his numerous customers, and once to form business 
relations with him is to be a permanent customer. 
In May, 1891, Mr. Williamson, in partnership with 
N. G. Gibson, of Chicago, established the firm of 
Gibson A: Williamson, of Chicago, and embarked 

! in the fruit and produce business, making a spe- 
cialty of apples, and in that specialty they r.ank 
second in the metropolis of the West, and among 
the first ten of the United States. 

]Mr. Williamson has alw.iys supported the men and 
measures <)f the Democratic party, and socially, is 
:i member of Lambert Lodge, A. F. it A. M.; 
the Iroquois Club, of Chicago, 111., and while at 
college was a member of tiie Phi (iamma Delta. He 
has been President of the (^Uiiiicy Humane Society 
three years and is one of the Trustees of Wood- 
land Home. He keejis in constant toucli with the 
current issues of the day, all measures of iflorality 



tiiid in liini mi oiitliiisia^tic Mi|i|>i>rU'i'. niid liciiii; 
kiiiillv ill dispo^'ititiii, i-ordi.-il. \v:u'iii-liciu'ti-<l mid 
syiii|iatlii'tic, lie is rc.>'|)ec'U'd nmi adiniifd in tlic 
!<<K-iai, n* well a> llii' duiiiestic. ciivi*'. 

Ill NovenilKT, 18«T, liis ii):irria^e willi Miss 
Kmily (ilovi-r was c-clfltraU-d, >\\v Itein;; the dnii<;li- 
li'i- of 11(111. .Inliii M. ( ; lover, i>f Lewis Count v. Mo. 
Mr. aiul Mi's. Willimiison have two eliildieii. .lolin 
(i. mid Cnlheriiic M., two lniiflil and interesting 
little ones. Mrs. Williamson is a ineiiil)er of the 
rnitjirian ('liuirh of (jiiiiiey, while .Mr. William- 
son supports the faith of the K]ii$oupal Chtirc-li, 
althoui;h he pives lilieially of his means to all de- 
nomiiialioiis. 'I'licy have a veiv home-like resi- 
dence at No. ItiliT ^'oik street, where tliev di.«- 
penso a liher.-il, vi't relineil. hos|iilalily. 



J|()S1:P11 1 1,1;1( IIKU. .M. D.. a prominent 
I practicinj; physician and a leadinjf farmer 
I of Honey ("rpek 'I'ownship. resfdiiiir on .<ec- 
' tion I. was Uini in ('lerinont County. Ohio, 
Fehruarv <>, 1831, and eomes of an old \ira:inin 
family of Knfrlish desteul. 'I'lie ;;reat-piaiidfallier 
of our siilijeet emiirrated from N'iririnia to Ohio, 
and was aecideii tally shot while out on a surveying 
expedition, lie left a wife an<l three children, 
one of whom. was the ■iraiidfather of our 
suhjeet. lie, too, wa* a native of the Old Domin- 
ion, and in IK.'iO moved to .\dams County. III., 
where he died at the ajje of seventy-four years. 
He liei-aine a well-t<i-do citizen and for many years 
was a nienilier of the .Methodist Kpis<'o|(al Church. 
Charles Fletcher, father of our suliject, was horn 
in Clermont County, Ohio, Novemln'i- I. 1H12. •■ind 
»■«.« one of nine ehildrcii. seven of whom are \ el 
liviii;;. lie married Kmeliiie .Moore, who was 
horn in Cincinnati in 1^<|:{. With his wife and 
four children he came to Illinois, reaching Honey 
Creek 'rowiiship on the id of Novemlter, \Xi'2. 
He piircliii.s«-d one hundred and twenty acres of 
land on section ■\. improved only with a lo<> caliiii. 
Tlieconiilrv was new am) wihl and all kinds of 

;,'ame was plentiful. In connection with fann- 
inu;. .Mr. Kletclu'r liou>;ht a sjiwmill on Hear Creek, 
which he repaired and operated some yeai-s. In 1 8-18, 
he Ixiilt a sUmni llouring-mill iie,-ir liy, prolialilv 
the fii-st ill the county outsi<le of (^uiiicy. He op- 
erated his sawmill for twenty years, aii<l in IHti'.l 
the tlourini,'-mill was nioveil to Coatsl>uri.'h, where 
it was liiiiiicd two years later. On leaviiij; this 
county, Mr. Klet<-her spent live years in .MinneMita, 
and Ml l«7K removed to Warsaw, llanoH-k County, 
111., where he is now living in his eightieth year. 
He liecnnie widely known in this community and 
wa.s one of it.s highly respected citizens. His wife, 
who was long a memlH-r of the liaplisl Church, 
died .laniiary 25, 18512. 

The Doctor is the eldest of their eight children, 
live of whom are yet living. He was a lad of 
eight veal's when he came with his parents to Illi- 
nois. He began his education in Clermont County. 
Ohio, and after coming West was educated in the 
subscription schools. The liuilding was of logs, 
with slali seat.s, and the teachers hoarded around. 
Dr. Fletcher rem.-iined with his father until alioiil 
thirty yeni-s of age, s|)ending his time in farm 
work and in the mill. In 18.5.'i.he went to (^uincy. 
and for two years engaged in inerchaiidising and 
during that |>eriod read medicine. He then le- 
liirned home and devoted his energies to milling, 
at the sjiine time keeping up his medical rcadiiiLT. 
Ill 18()l, he went to St. l.ouisand entered the med- 
ical college of that city, from which he was 
graduated in l8(iT. He again returned to the 
old honiesti-ad. and entered upon the practice of 
his (irofession, which he has carried on for twentx- 
live yeai-s with excellent suci-ess. His skill and 
ability have won him a large and lucrative practice 
and gained him !i place in the forenuist ranks of 
his professional brethren. He is a memlH-r of iHitli 
the .Vdams County and. State Medical .Sicieties. 

(Ill the .Mil of.laiiuary, 18.">l,the Doctor wedded 
.Mis> Flizjil«'th Hardy, who was Ihuii within three 
j miles of her present home, and is a daughter of 
' Uaplist and Tamer (Taltt-rson) Hardy, the former 
' a native of .Mis>i>sippi, and the latter of .North 
Carolina. They moved from Tennessee to Illi- 
nois in a very early day, liM-ating in Sangamon 
Count\. bill after a few iiioiillis c.niiie to Adunis 



Coinit^v. Both have since died. Their family 
numbered nine children, all yet living. I'nto the 
Doctor and his wife were horn five children: 
Mary Ellen, wife of Thoina.s Hayes, a farmer. l\v 
whom she has two children; George AV., engaged 
in farming, is married and has two children; Jos- 
eph AV., who is also married and has two children, 
was graduated from the Keokuk Medical College 
.■\nd IS now practicing in Ursa, this county. The 
other children are deceased. 

The Doctor is a supporter of the Democratic 
party. He served as Tax Collector one term, was 
.Supervisor two terms and for twenty-four consecu- 
tive years lias been School Director. He has al- | 
ways taken a deep interest in educational matters j 
and no worthy enterprise seeks his aid in vain. \ 
In connection with his medical practice he has en- 
gaged extensively m farming. He owned five hun- 
dred and sixty acres of valuable land on Bear Creek, 
but has given some of it to his children. He raised 
all kinds of stock of good grades, but for several 
years has made a specialty of the breeding of Cots- 
wold sheep. He started out in life in limited cir- 
cumstances, but has made the most of his oppor- 
tunities, and by his industrious and well-directed 
efforts has steadly worked his way upward to a 
position of wealth and afHuence. He is a well- 
read and successful physician, a progressive and 
enterprising farmer, and tlie success which he has 
achieved is well deserved. 


-^^TLBERT F. SWOPK. Tlic subject of this 
(@/lII ! sketch is a retired farmer living m (.^iiincy, 
who has rented his fine farm, which is lo- 
cated on sections 27 and 2.S, Clayton Town- 
ship. He is a man of wealth and infiuence in the 
county, and is one of the best representatives of 
tlie superior, intelligent agriculturists of the .State. 
The grandfather of (lur subject was born in Ger- 
many, where he married before coming to this 
country. He was the Rev. (let)rge Swoop, a 
jninister in the (iern)aj) Evang-elical Church, and 

he settled in Virginia, and there carried on a 
saddler.y business. He then became an early settler 
of Kentucky, and there ministered to the people 
in his office of si)iritual teacher. He lived to the 
unusual age of one hundred and seven years. 
His wife also passed her century birthday. 

The father of our subject was Michael Swope, 
born on Dick's River, in Virginia. He was a manu- 
facturer of shoes and also a farmer, and m.ovcd tn 
Indiana in 1838 and carried on farmingthere; he al- 
so served as Postmaster under President \t\u Buren. 
He died at the age of eighty-five. He had been a 
Henry Clay Whig, and was a man of influence in 
his neighborhood, and was a Deacon in the Baptist 
Ciiurcli. The mother of our subject was named 
Jane Ringold, and born in Virginia, a daughter 
of John Ringold. who .served in the Revolutionary 
War under Washington, and was one of the first 
who made a settlement on Salt River, in Kentucky. 
He died at the age of ninety-eight years, and the 
mother of Mr. Swope, of our notice, lived to be 
eighty-three years old and ended her days in Indi- 

The subject of this biography was the eldest of 
eight children, three of whom are living, and was 
born in Shell)y County, Ky., IMarch 10. 1819. 
He was reared on the farm and early learned to 
care for stock and attend to the various duties 
which demand such constant work in an agricul- 
tural life. His school privileges were limited to 
fifteen months of attendance at the district seat of 
learning. He came to Indiana in 1838 and remain- 
ed at home until he was twenty-four years of age, 
helping on the farm. When twenty-six, he became 
the possessor of one hundred and twent\' acres of 
laud in Scott County, on the Pigeon Roost fork of 
the Musciittae of the Wabash, and resided on it 
and managed it a few years. He then located 
in Aienna, Ind., and engaged in merchandising for 
five \ears, Ijut in 1857 he came to Adams County. 
Here he bought a farm of one hundred acres on sec- 
tion 30, Clayton Township, and continued upon it 
until 1868. He then Ijought a hay press and ran 
it ad vant.ageously for fifteen years and also engaged 
in the raising of hay. sometimes shipping as 
much as three thousand tons to .St. Louis. In the 
meantime he sold his first farm and bought one 



liundroil mikI .sixty ncn-s niul IiiUt adilcil i'i(jlilv 
ricn'.s U> it. He Imiiillcd a ijicat iiuinUM' of cnttU" 
.'(■III TimI iiiiiiiv li<><r>, ■tiid slii|i|ifd tnii.'iiid tliruf i-nr- 
li>:id< 111 ( liicnj^oat h tinii'. lie iimdc iiiativ iniprnvo- 
iiiciit.s on his Iniid. I<iiildiiii;ii ini'<;i- luick linii.'-i- iiiid 
liHiii!!, mil) now lin.- tlio lai^'c-t liaiii in tin- t'oiiiitv. 
lie is tend of faiu'V ^tol'k and inkvs )iicH.-nr(' in 
raiiint; tlii-in. Ilo fiii'iiR'rly had the iv|iutatiiiii of 
iai>ini: thi- lu'.«t stock, cattle, lioi;> niid shccji in thi- 
county, lie has taken lii^t |)reniiiims on hi.s line 
horses at the fairs. He continued f«rinin;r until 
IX'.Ml, when he rented his land and moved into 
l^iiiney. lie iis n Inr^e land-owner now, linviii^ 
seveiity-tive acres of linilK-r outside of (^uincv. 
thirty-live of it included in tlie re.sorl called Twin 
S|»riiip«, which is a very pretty grove. lie nls<) 
owns twenty acres adjoinin<; Wheoliiiy;. l.iviiiirstoii 
County. .Mo. 

Mr. Swope was ninrried S<'ptenil)er 2(1, 1842, to 
Miss Caroline T. Sullivan, a native of .Ieffeif<oii 
County, Ind., and a dau<;hter of .lo.seph Sullivan, 
who was iKirn in Stuilli Carolina, of .Scotch parent- 
age, lie became a pioneer farmer of .lefTerson 
County, Ind., where he ix-ttled after takini; part in 
the War of 1H12. He w.-u* a member of the I're-by- 
terian Church, and lived a most exemplary life, 
lie U'lieved in tiie principles of the Deinoeralic 
|iarty. The mother of Mrs. .Swope was .Su.saii 
Henderson, bom in Tennes,see, a daughter of .John 
Henderson, who was born in .Si-otland and becaniv 
a farmer in Tennessee. The latter t<M>k part in the 
Revolutionary War. and fought under Washington. 
In his later years he became a farmer in Indiana. 

Mr. and Mrs. Swo|(e are the proud parenLs of a 
family of line children, .lohii has beoiiie a large 
farmer and stock-dealer in Cl:i\ ton. this coiintv; 
.losepli M.. a graduate of the lx>uisville .Medical 
College, is a physician in .\ren/.ville. Cass County, 
III.: Homer is City Att4) tiiiincy; William is 
a graduate of the Louisville College and is a pli\- 
sician in Wiieeliiig. Mo; Charlotte K.. now .Mrs. 
Koremnn. resides at Hutte City, Monl. 

While living in Clayton, .Mr. .Swo|h' was made 
Township Trustee, and served his county by JK-ing 
upon the grand and |M-tit juries. He is a menili(>r of 
tlie .Masonic fniternity.lHMiiga Knight Templar. He 
is a member of the I'resbvteriaii Church, in which 

he alwavk doeii his duty. He has been a delegate to 
the vanoU' county and Stati- conventions from the 
Democratic party, of which he is an old niemlx-r. 

In I HI) I. .Mr. .Swope t^Mik his wife and iiiade a fmir- 
inunths trip through the West, sjiending live weuks 
in the liiicst part of the National I'aik, where he 
renewe<l his youth, hunting and lishitig, in which 
accomplishments he was renowned as a young man. 

(In the 2(ith of Se|.teiiiber. 1H'.I2. .Mr. and .Mrs. 
Swo|)e celebrated their golden wediling at the Fre- 
mont of this city, at which time all the chil- 
dren of their family as well as their many friends 
congratulated them on their long and happy mar- 
ried life. This isone of the line.'jt families among the 
retired farmei> in (/iiiiicv, and we have taken pleas- 
lire ill giving this brief record of it. 


>=^)KN. .lAMKS I). .MiiRtJAN. The record of 
III _ — the life of this gentleman affords a striking 

XSi^ illu.stratioii of the results of decision of 
purpose, .is well as the inlliience which an honor- 
able character exert.s ii|k>ii others. Well dowered 
with stability an<I llrmness, attributes, to- 
gether with persistent labor, have Imh-u instrumental 
in bringing about his pres«'nt pros|)erous circiim- 
.stanccs. Chief among his characteristics is his pa- 
triotism, which led him to offer his services to his 
country in lier hour of |H-ril, ami made him deem 
no sacrilice tiM> great when made on her In-lialf. 

The trite saying that "truth is stranger than lic- 
tion" is nowhere U-tter exemplilieil than in the 
life of (ieu. .Morgan, who arose from an humble 
position ill IhivIi I to an honorable and promi- 
nent place in his manhood. His life Uiw l>eeii 
varied by thrilling incidents, and often he has 
Itcen in perils both by land and sea. by lire and by 
sword, but lie ever maintained tlie calm and un- 
wavering courage which were his by nature and in- 

The Morgan family was founded in .\iiicri<-a by 
three brothers, who came hither from Wales and .S4't- 
tled respectively in Mavsjicluisetts, New York and 



Virginia. Tim father of our subject, James Mor- 
gan, wlio was horn in Uriinfield, Mass., in 1780, 
was a sea-captain and a foreiijfn trader in tlie East 
Indies. Uurinj; the AVar of 1812, lie held a 
Captain's commission and was captured hy llie 
Spanish authorities and impiisoned for a time. He 
married Miss Margaret Patch, whose ancestors were 
of English origin, and who was a native of Dulilin. 
Mass., born in 1 782. 

Gen. Morgan was t)orn m Uoston, Mass., August 
1, 1810, and there attended school a short time in 
his early ehildiiood. Ills schooling ceased at the 
age of nine years, when he went out to work 
bj' the day among strangers. When sixteen years 
old, he commenced to learn the trade of a cooper, 
which he followed for several years. In the year 
of 1826. he went to sea on hoard the sailing- 
vessel "Beverly," which was liurned Octolior 17. 
1826, about fifteen hundred miles from land. With 
others of the crew, he took refuge in a common 
l)oat, and for fourteen days drifted helplessly on 
the water, subsisting ii|)on a daily allowance of 
one-half gill of water and one and one-half bis- 
cuits. At the end of that time, they reached the 
coast of South America to the leeward of Cape St. 

In 1834, accompanied bv his family, our subject 
removed to Quincy, where he soon afterward 
opened a cooper-shop in partnership with Edward 
Wells and followed his trade for five j'ears. In 
1839, he opened a confectionery and bakery, which 
he carried on for a short time, and then eng.aged 
in the general grocery business. Afterward, he be- 
came a member of the firm of C. M. Pomroy & Co., 
pork-packers, in which business he remained for 
twenty-five years, until the partnership was dis- 
solved when he retired from business. 

Early in life, our subject leaned toward military 
matters, and as early as 1837 we find hira con- 
nected with the Quincy Grays, a famous military 
compan}' of that day. In 1845, he Com- 
mander of a corps of fift}' mounted riflemen and 
served .as militarj' police in Hancock County dur- 
ing the Mormon AVar. In 1846, he participated in 
the Mexican AVar, commanding a company of one 
hundred men, which afterward became Company 
A. First Illinois Infantry, .John .T. Hardin, Colonel 

commanding. By order of Gen. AA^ool, Companies 
E and A formed an i ndependent battalion, which 
our subject cnmmaniled during his term of service. 
He was present at the battle of Biiena A'ista and 
took a prumiiieiit part in other conflicts. 

When the War of the Helicllion broke out. Gen. 
Morgan suffering from a broken leg, hut as 
sot>n as he recovered siitliciently, he entered the 
service of his country. I n 1861. he was appointed 
Lieutenant-Colonel of the Tenth Illinois Infantry, 
and in August, 1862, was made Brigadier-(;eneral. 
For gallant conduct during the great battle of 
Bentonville, X. C., he was promoted to be Brevet 
Major-General of X'olunteers. He served under 
(iens. I'ope, Rosecrans. Thomas and Sherman, and 
among the eng.agements in which he participated 
were the battles of Island Xo. 10, New Madrid, 
Corinth, and those <>{ the .Atlanta campaign, accom- 
panying (ien. Sherman on the march to the sea. 
He entered the service in April. 186 1, and was mus- 
tered out in August. 1865. having never received a 
furlough during the entire time. At the battle of 
Bentonville, N. C, he was in command of the Sec- 
ond Division of the Fourteenth Army Corps, and 
in that position displayed tact .as a military com- 
mander, and it is a well-settled historical fact that 
this division .saved the left wing of Sherman's 
army. After being honorably discharged at Louis- 
ville, Ky., he returned to his home, which during 
those four long years of peril he had never seen. 

The first wife of Gen. Morgan bore the maiden 
name of .lane Strachan. She became his wife in 
Boston, Mass., and died in 185.5, leaving two sons: 
AVilliam, a resident of Quinc^', and James, of Ever- 
ett, Mass. June 14, 1869. Gen. Morgan was uni- 
ted in marriage with Miss Harriet, the youngest 
daughter of Cai)t. Robert Evans, and a native of 

AV'itli many of the public enterprises of (^uinc_y, 
Gen. Morgan has for years been closely connected. 
He is A'ice-president of the First Xational Bank, 
of which he has been Director for many years. 
He is Vice-president of the society of the Army 
of the Cumberland of Illinois. He has served 
as Treasurer of the Soldiers' and Sailors' Home 
at Quincy since its organization. In addition 
to these positions, he has also served .as Direc- 



tor of till- Whilnrv A- llolnips ( irKnn Compmiv. 
the Oniiilia .V Kansjis City Knilroiiil ('oin|iiiii\ Jiiul 
tlic Newcumli llot«-l Compnnv, In-iii;; a >tofkliol(ler 
ill till* iitst-iiAiDiM). He was one of the inenrp<iru- 
topi of the i^iiiiK-y t Jnx I.iyhl iV Coke (oiniiniiN , for 
many yeiii-> its TreaMirer, niul Mil>M;c|iieiilly I're.Hi- 
denl ft)ra iiiiiiiIk'I' of years. He is a Direetor in thi- 
t^iiiney Klectric l.i^;ht X- I'ower Company. In 
polilii'ji, lie i!i independent, preferring to east his 
Itallot for the man whom he deem.'^ best qiialifled 
to till the olllce in i|iiestiiiii. ratlier than to blindly' 
follow aii\ party refjardless of the desir:il>iliiy of 
the candidate. 




I <;. l-( U.I.I N. .M. I). The Mlbjecl of the 
following brief biography lia.-i gained emi- 
nence in the humane profession to which lie 
_ has devoted his life. He is one of the most 
prominent physicians and surgeons of t/uincy, 
III., and was lioni in Mansfield, Kirhland County, 
Ohio, October 7. IHl'.'t. Ili> father. Daniel, was 
liorn in \'irginia. and his graiidfatlicr was also 
liorn there. The latter was in the navy duiiiig 
the Kevolutionary War. was one of the captains 
made prisoner, and was taken to Kngland, where 
he was kept for four years, lie endured terrible 
sufTering, but finally returned to \'irginia and en- 
gaged in farming, and <lied there at the age of 
eighty-four years, lie was descended from (lerman 
ancestors. The father of our subject was a fanner, 
and came to Ohio in \X'2'.^. liK-ating near .Mans- 
field. Here be cleared a farm from the forest, and 
at the time of his death had three hundred and 
twenty acres, lie died at the age of eighty years, 
and was an old-line Whig, and a Kepublican e\ er 
since the formation of the party. His wife was 
Hannah Kwcr>. born in N'irginiu. a daughter of 
.lonathan Kwers, a <junker who locateil in Knox 
County on a farm. Her mother was also a < Quaker, 
who died at llie age of eighty-live veal's. 

Our subject was the second of eight chihlren, 
and wa» rai'M-il im the farm and remained at home 

until he was twenty-one. He obtained such school 
advant.'iges as Imivs had in tlio>*e day-, but in the 
spring of IHI.'ihe alt<'iided the .Manslield .Vcad- 
emy. taught by .loseph lluity. He attended there 
two yeai's. ami then went to the N'ermillioii Insti- 
tute, at Ilayesville, now called llic Woo?.ter I'ni- 
vei-sity. He c<mtiiiiied here until within three 
niontli'- of graduating. In the ineantinie. he taught 
-cliool and also read mc<iicine with I )r. Tcaganlen, 
and attended a course at Willoiighby College, at 
Cleveland, Ohio. He was graduated in IXIM. with 
his degree. In 1H1:», he went to ISowliiig (ireen. 
Ky., an<l remained there until he had taught two 
live-month s«'ssioiis. In IH.'id, he went to Itoou- 
ville, .Mo., and engaged in teaching, and then went 
to Carroll ton. Mo., and remained there three years, 
practicing medicine and teaching. He did very 
well here, but in 1861 he start<'d for Texas. He 
was to have a situation in an academy in Austin, 
but never reacheil there. His brother, who was 
with him, had U-en sick, and stopped in Neosho, 
Newton County, .Mo., .-ii three i-. m., Saturday. He 
went into the hotel to jt-k what chance there was 
for a scIkmiI there, and he was leferred to a I'resby- 
terian minister, to whom he told his circumstances, 
anil through him he was employed in the Neosho 
.Male Academy, as they desired some one to t<-.acli 
the languages. 

In August. IHol. our subject was taken very 
sick, but his brother filled his place until he was 
able to fill it himself. In 18.').'), he taught a school, 
called the Farmers" Cnion School, which he 
worked up from a log building into a good struc- 
ture. He remained there live months, lectured, and 
raised mtuiev enough to build a tO.IHMl brick build- 
ing, which was burnt during the war, but was re- 
built, and is now known as Newton College. In 
the fall of IH."),"i, he returned to Howling i;reen. 
and in .\pril. IH.'iti, he returned to his old home in 
< lliio, via ( hi<-ago, and then went to Keokuk to 
practice medicine. He attended the College of 
Physicians and .Surgeons at Keokuk, and in the 
spring t)f 1HJ7 it gave him his degree of .M. |). 
He then located at Ktna, in S«-otlaiid County. He 
has never needed to practice until now. but Ix'gan 
in the spring of I8(>l and practiced until IHRi, 
and then went to Allen. Mo., which was a iiiilitarv 



post. He practiced there until the fall of 1864, 
when he came to Illinois, located at Plymouth, 
Hancock C'ount\', and i)racticed thereuntil the fall 
of 188.5. He was Cit.y Pliysician, School Director 
and President of the Board of Trustees. In 1885, 
became to.Quincj". and has practiced here ever 
since. He is also obliged to go back through Han- 
cock County, and even into Alissouri, to see old 
patients. His location is at No. 332 Maiden 
Lane. He has been a member of tlie Independent 
Order of Odd Fellows since 18n4, and is now 
Past Master of Bodley Lodge No. 1, A. F. & A. M.; 
he is also a member of the Knights Templar, 
Knights of Malta. York Right Masons; and is 
Worthj- Patron of the Eastern Star. He was a mem- 
ber and organizer of the Hancock Medical Soci- 
ety; and has long been Examiner for different 
Life Insurance Companies. He is a Democrat, 
and has been a delegate to county and State 

Dr.FoUin was married in 184'J, to Miss Emma 
FoUin, of Kentucky. They have five children liv- 
ing: Mary, now Mrs. Romick, residing in Hancock 
County; Julia, now Mrs. Metzger, residing in Ply- 
mouth; Birdee, now Mrs. Walton, residing in Han- 
cock County; James and Ernest are both at home. 
Dr. FoUin and family enjoy the high regard of the 
best people of Quincy, and the Doctor, from his 
travel and varied experiences, has become not only 
a skillful physician, but an entertaining compan- 
ion and friend. 

*> ICHAEL FARRELL. No better citizens 
have come to Adams County, 111., than 

those who emigrated from the Emerald 
Isle and brought as their inheritance from 
their native shore the traits of character and life 
which have ever distinguished that race.' Promi- 
nent among these may be mentioned Mr. Fan-ell, 
who first saw the light of day in County Cork, 
Ireland, in June, 1834, the first eighteen years of 
liis life being spent in th.e land of hislijrth, where 

he obtained sufficient education in the common 
schools to lit him for the practical duties of life. 
His vacations and spnre moments were spent in 
useful and healtliful employment, so that upon 
starting out to tight the battle of life for himself, 
he vvas well-equipped, both mentally and physically, 
to gain a substantial foothold upon the ladder of 

He was next to the youngest in a family of six 
children born to the mai'riage of AVilliam Fanell 
and Catherine Hagerty, from whom he inherited 
man}' of his worthy traits of character. In 18;V2,he 
determined to seek a home and new associations in 
America, and first set foot ui)on American soil in 
the city of New Orleans, at which place he landed 
after a prosperous voyage. He at once came 
by boat to (Quincy, but after one year spent 
in this city he went to Ottawa, 111., and there 
successful!}' followed the carpenter's trade for 
several years. He then entered the employ of 
the Toledo & Quincy Railroad in the capacity 
of carpenter, but after a very short time his skill 
and ability were recognized and he was promoted 
to the position of A.ssistant Master Mechanic, 
which position he held and filled in a very satis- 
factory manner for about fifteen years, his liead- 
quarters being at (Quincy. 

Mr. Farrell next opened a general store at the 
corner of Twelfth and ]\Iaine Streets, which business 
he conducted with satisfactory financial results for 
twelve years, and won a reputation for honesty and 
fair dealing, which he in every respect deserved, 
and which has remained by him to the present 
time. After disposing of his stock of goods, he 
entered the political arena and was elected by his 
numerous friends to the position of Alderman 
from the P'ifth Ward, and ably discharged the re- 
sponsible duties of this position for eight consecu- 
tive 3'ears. Following this he was elected to the 
position of Supervisor-at-large, which he held one 
year, and after again filling the position of Alder- 
man for some time he was once more elected to be 
Supervisor-at-large, continuing as such for the 
long period of seven years. The marked ability 
which he displayed in all these trying positions was 
very pleasing to his constituents, as well as those 
who differed from him politically, and was an evi- 


2^'\M- /MM/^On/r^^^ 

POIiTUM I' AND It|(»(;l;Arill( AI. uF.roRn. 

ili'iitf o( till" li!i|i|>y fnrulty hi- iKi»i<«<M'cl of winiiiii;; 
nnd k<>f|iiii^ rrifiiiU, no iiinttcr wlint tlicii' |><ilii- 
iiiil cri'fd iiii>ilit Ik-. Ill IK'.M. Iir wiis luuiiii-i-il 
liy ln'iiiff oltH'U'd III llu- iitlU-i- nf I'ulioo Mn<;is- 
triito fill' a toriii iif rmir yrars <>ii llic Dciiiiicnitu* 
tickol, wliicli lie liii> tilway-i Miiiimrtci), and the 
pi-iii<-i|)le> iif wliicJi he liit> ever uplicld. Iwitli liy liii* 
viil<> uiid inlliii-iicc. 

Ill' »«> niai'i ii'd in IH.'i;!, to Mi^s .M:ir\ Ann IK- 
Aix'N . of t^iiinc.\ , lull in INXi! Iii' wnsi-nlli>d upon to 
nioiiiii her di'atli, >li«' Ifaviim liiiii willioiil j>sii«'. 
lie lia> Ih'i'ii fairly Miri'i'.-vsfiil in tli<> Mccninulatiini 
of worldly goo<]s,and is the owner of a ft-rlile farm 
on tlic Mis-i>sippi Kivcr liotloiii>, wliii-li is very rich 
nnd pioiliirlivi' and wi-ll .-idapli-d for growing 
wlu-at. Ill- is a nu-niliiM' of St. Peter's Calluiiie 

r.NKY tiKJ.MM i» Siinlaiy and Treasurer 
■ if the <^uinev Hoiler Company of <^nincy. 
In skelehinj; tlie life of this •rentleinnn it is 
liiit just tosjiy that his {i^oixl name is aliove 
repioHcli, and that he has won the conlldenee and 
respeel of all who know him. lie need.s no special 
introdiK-tion to the people of this >eelioii, for in 
the city of i^uiiicy he was ixirn April 1'.*. I8:)(i.and 
here lie has resided the jrreater portion of his life. 
lie possesses in a more than ordinary dej;ree the 
natural attriliutes eiiscntial to a sucee.ssful enreer 
in any ealliiiu;. and is especially adapted to dis- 
(■liar<;e the duties of his present posilion in a 
liiKlily satisfactory nnd iiit4-lli>;eiit ninniier. 

The father of our subject. Henry (irimni.was 
Ixirn near Sli-!i>liurn. <ierinan.\, and there he 
)irc\\ to manhood and was married to .Mi» liosine 
Huff, with whom he emigraled to the rnit«'d 
States in IH.U. landing' at New York City. The 
followin>; year they removed tot^uiney. III., where 
the father followed the carpeiitc-r's and joiner's 
trade for n iium)H-r of years anil afterward be;;an 
o|icratinK " """' mid planing niill, and was at one 
time interested in the WfLshillL'toii Hiewerv. lie 

has always U-eii strictly holiornlile in his liu.siness 
tr.nn-^.'iclioiis and i- a man whom lo know is to 
honor, lie is still living and has attained to the 
ndvnnced nge of oighty-niiie yeai>. His wife dii-d 
in i^iiincv, after hnving liecome the mother of 
eight children, of whom the ^illicit of llii« -kctih 
was the eldest. 

Henry (oiniiii wa.s educated in the piiMic mIhm.N 
of i^iiincy and in hisi^rly inanliood lM>gan leainin<: 
the cnriienler's nnd millwright's trade, after which 
he condui ted a millwright's shop of his own in 
connection with the hoiler works. After follow- 
ing iMith these oo(.ni|mtions for otiine time, he 
turned his attention wliollx to the latter luisines^ 
and manufactured an excellent line of Iniilers and 
a dilTerent line of nrliclirs of .sheia iron, a.s well a.s 
iron shutter*. 'I'lie manufactory is located on Coiii- 
niercinl .MIey. hetween Hampshire and \eriiionl 
.Streets, i.s a commodious nnd suhstaiitinl hrick liiiild- 
ing. Ml which are employed the year round from 
fourteen to twenty-live men. This e>tatilishment 
is one of the inowt noteworth3' and reprewntative 
houses in •^iiincy. and all order* are sure of receiv- 
ing careful attention, itesido having a large lo- 
cal trade, shipment.s are made to diffeivnt points 
and a giMid deal of ivpairiiig for manufacturers i« 
done. The rating of this estnlilishment is high, 
its output constantly increasing with the demninl, 
nnd <iuiiicv is to U' congratulated upon ihe 
possession of such an impoitjiiit .'iiiil llniiri'-hliii; 

In l8t;o, .Mr. lirimin wils married to .\li.v I aro- 
liiie lU'lhy, of (^iiincy, a native of tiermany, and 
their union has resulted in the hirtli of six children, 
all of whom give excellent promise of U'coniiiig 
Useful and siilistaiitial citixeiis. Mr. (•riniin is in- 
terested ill poliiicnl matters, liotli local and 
National, his vote always being cnst for Dem- 
ocratic eandiilales and principles. Socially, In- i* 
n member of Herman l.oilge No. .lit, !•". and A. M.. 
in which honorable oriler he Iiil- attaiiiecl to the 
Thirty-second Degree, JK-iiig n S«-oltish Kite .Mason. 
Ilei> a niemlMM' of the .Mutual .Vid Society of 
<^uiiic\ , and i> otherwi«e interested in enti-rprisi-s 
of a worthy nature. He has a very pleasant resi- 
dence at No. 111(5 State Street ami is enjoy- 
ing a coni|M'tency which is the result of hi« own 



lalior. His son. Ilenrv .J., is tbe efficient &ni\ 
tiuslwortliy manager of tiie(;iiincv Boiler Com- 
pany; Oscar E. is President of the company; 
Frederick B. is Vice-president of tlie same; Will- 
iam T. and I^ouis assist tlieir father; Ella is her 
father's housekeeper, and an intelligent and re- 
fined young lady. 


TEPHEN GROVES. One of the finest 
farms on what is known as Big Neck 
Prairie is that owned by the gentleman 
whose name heads this article. It is located 
on section 30, Houston Township. His father, 
Joseph Groves, was born in .lefferson Count}', ^'a., 
and he was the son of .lacob, a native of Pennsyl- 
vania. The great-grandfather of our subject, 
John, came from Prussia and settled with William 
Penn, and received from him a grant of land. 
He settled on what is known as Graf's Run, in 
Pennsylvania. Here he lived the quiet and peace- 
able life of the (Quaker colonist, and died at his 

The grandfather of our subject removed to Vir- 
ginia, and made weaving the business of his life. 
He died at Wheeling, in the above State. The 
father of our subject was one of seven children, 
and was reared in Cabell County, W. Va., and 
resided there until 1828, whence he removed to 
Sangamon County. 111. Here he remained for 
three years and then came to Brown County, 
where he purchased land and became a pioneer 
farmer. Upon this place he passed his last j'ears, 
and died in his seventy-third year. The maiden 
name of the mother of our subject was Catherine 
Staley, and she was born in Jefferson County, Va. 
Her ancestors were Pennsylvanians. She died at 
the age of fifty years, and left a family of ten 

Stephen Groves is the third of his parents' 
children, and was born in Cabell County, W. Va., 
February 22, 1818, and was ten years old when 
his parents came to Illinois. The removal was 

jnade with teams and the far-famed prairie schoon- 
ers, in which were all their household goods. His 
school advantages were very limited, and the 
schoolhouse was a log cabin, with a chimney of 
sticks and clay, and the fireplace occupied nearly 
one end of the building. The seats were of slabs 
and were not cushioned. He was of a very studi- 
ous nature, and early began to work, so that he 
could obtain means to paj' board and attend school 
in Brown County. However, he was only able to 
go one month, but he was more fortunate than 
some in his home education. An old gentleman 
who lived with his parents for a while kindly 
assisted the ambitious youth and gave him a good 
ground-work for future learning. There was good 
material in this pionner lad, and he soon wished 
to make a beginning in the carving of his fortune. 
He was given his time from his eighteenth year, 
on condition that his parents should never be 
called upon to assist him. The youth hired out to 
an uncle about fifteen miles from Springfield, 111., 
and worked in a distillery for two years. He then 
became a farmer, and in a very short time received 
$25 per month. In 1837, he returned to Brown 
County, and entered one hundred and twenty 
acres of land. Upon this he built a cabin and 
made other improvements, and then, leaving the 
place in the hands of his brother-in-law, he went 
on a trapping expedition. The party followed the 
Illinois River and wintered on Duck Island. 
They met with success, and in the spring they 
made a raft and took their furs to St. Louis, and 
there sold them to the American Fur Company. 
A few years later, he exchanged his land for a 
farm in Houston Township, Adams County. He 
then sold his interest to his brother-in-law and 
purchased land in the same township. Here he 
settled down and began improving his land, his 
first step being to build a log cabin, and the next 
to find a companion to occupy it with him. This 
he found in the person of Mrs. Nancy Strickler, 
whom he married December 28, 1846. Her maiden 
name was Nancy Witt, and she became the wife of 
Abram Strickler, who died a few months after 
their marriage. Her father, Daniel Witt, was one 
of the first settlers in this section. This good 
woman died June 20. 1850. Her two children are 

l^OKTHAI I \M> I;I«m:I!A1'III( Ah IM'.C ( )1{I). 


(IpccaMMl : llicv were .Incoli. and Mnitli.'i, who w:is 
tlif wife iif Kiilicil I.. |):i\i-. i>f Ainlrcw Couiilv. 

Mr. (iriivf?- WM> :i M'coiid (inn- inurriL-il nfii-r ii 
loni'lv lift' iif ciirlit year-. Tlu' iiniiu' of lii> wifi- 
\v!i> .Mar\ .1. ( miii|iIh-II. a native of 'rrinu' Mic 
wn." Ijtkcn fnun liiiii Mh\ 2". ImxI. Si-vrn cliil- 
■ Ircii wfi'f hiini to tlirni: Kinina, .lo->c|i|i. .loliii. 
Sti-|ilu-ii. Daniel an<l Attiine>a, wlio i> the wife of 
(•«>rge S. l<i\viiold>, .Ii.. who i.- a furnier in thi> 
to\vn!-hi|i. One died in infancy. 

Mr. (irove!- does not ehiiin alh-^ianee to either 
pulitleal party. Imt |>r<'fer> to l>e inde|H-ndent in 
hif idea>. 

In liK-«l affairs. onrMil>jeet lia» >erved his >eelion 
!L» Coinniis^ioiier of lliiiliways. lie now oeenpies 
his pleasant home on soelion :U>. owns six hun- 
dred and forty-four acres of land all in one 
lH>dy. anil ha> m farm of forty acres in Andrew 
County. Mo. lie eniraiies in the raisin;; of I'oland- 
Cliina ho>;s and s«'lls iheni f<M' lireedini;. lie j;en- 
erally sells nlN)ut two car-loads every winter. 

Mr. firoves is a .self-made man, and carried 
the determined spirit of his youth with him. and 
it has enabled him to overif>ine many olistacle,s. 

J^' AMES C. OKK. The orijjinal of this .sketch 
I is now enjoy ill}! the well-earned rest from 
I the labor and responsibility to which for 
^_J' years he had lK>en accustomed. Probably 
there would have been no occa.-ion for thisdeclara- 
titm in his bio<rrapliy if ill health had not over- 
taken him live years a}rt> and compelled him to 
;;ive up active labor. IIi' was liorn near (iallatin. 
Tenn.. February \'J. IK2-1. His father, (;reenl)erry, 
iMirn in N'irninia, of I'rote>tjint-lrish descent, was a 
saddlerby trade, and located in 'renne,s.>.ce. where la- 
married. In IH21i, he came to Illinois by team and 
prairie schooner and settled in .Morp»n County, but 
there he remained only one year, and then moved 
to Krown County, near Mt. Sterling, lie improved 
a farm there, and ncipiirerl one hundred ami sixt\ 

ai-rc>. Hi- death occurred at the age of seventy- 
live \ears. He wa> a veteran of the War of 1«I2, 
and fouifht undi-r ( ien. .laik.-on. His last wife was 
Mary Itrown. :i native of North Carolina, and she 
died leaviliL.' six children. The >ecoiid marriage 
i'i"<iilted in live <-hildren. 

t till- Mibject was live years of age when he came 
to ll|inoi>. Thi- was in \H'2'.>. He grew up on the 
farm and n-m.'iined there until he was twenty-two 
years of age. He received only limited school ad- 
vantages. !i» he wa« early >et to work. This, how- 
ever, did not salisfv him, an<l he later attended the 
Ml >>terling school. In l«lfi, having *2..'ill, he 
I'.Miiic to (hiincv to learn a tratle, as he recognir.ed 
\i\- liandines'i with tools. He was apprenticed nn- 
dci II. l..siinoii>. He .Koon found that he had made 
no nii-take, and the s«'cond year he had Iwcome 
Mich a practiced workman that he wii.- put in as 
foreman. His wages at this time were ♦."»ii for his 
lir«t \ear. fT.'i for his second, and ♦Kill for his 
third. He continued as foreman until IM.'iil, when 
lie, with others, was seized with the Western fever, 
and, providing themselves with four mules and 
three iiorses. they started for California. They 
drove to Council HlufTs, and following the North 
I'latte, reached Salt Uke City. He left the 
party he was with, and started on alone on 
horseback. The third day he wils fortunate to 
come acros.0 a party of his old comrades from 
Hrown County. He reached Sacramento just at the 
time when carpenters were in great demand; and 
he worked there for a month at ♦Ml a day, and 
then went to the mines in Nevada. He found he 
could not do as well there as by working at his 
traile, theiefore he returned to Sacrament«», but 
was unfortunately taken sick, an<l was obliged to 
return home. He went to .San Francisoo and took 
the steanu-r "( Jolden (Jate," and came, via Pan- 
ama, to New York. He reached home in the fall 
of 1H.-.2. 

Mr. Orr was married in Decemlier of the same 
year, to .Miss Saroh IJrown.born in .lerwy County, 
III. Tlie\ have two children: Charles, who is lo- 
cated in Wichita, Kan., and KIwood K., who is at 

After his marriage, Mr. < trr U-gan contracting 
and building, and tiMik contracts for all kincis of 



work. He built the 0|)era house, the Congrega- 
tional church aud business block, and a great many 
residences and business liouses in the city, and 
lias been very successful in all his undertakings. 

Mr. ()rr bought the old Baptist church on Fourth 
Street and converted it into a carpenter shop and 
planing-mill, where he Tnanufactured everything 
connected with his business, employing forty men. 
He continued until 1886, when a terrible fire con- 
sumed his mill. His loss 812,000, and he has 
never engaged in business since then. 

In 1870, he bought iiis present place of resi- 
dence, No. 721 Broadway, whicli he has improved 
and converted into one of the handsomest places 
in the city. He owns considerable real estate, aud 
also three liouses at the corner of Fifth and Spring 
Streets, and the brick block on M.Tine Street, be- 
tween Third and Fourth. He built the gas-works 
here, and is a stockholder in them. He has done 
more building than any other firm in Quincy, and 
since he has lived here tiie city has grown from 
three thousand to thirt^'-two thousand. He was 
formerly a Mason and a member of the Indepen- 
dent Order of Odd Fellows. He has been Trustee 
for the Vermont Street Methodist Episcopal Church 
for years, and was a member of the Sunday-school. 
He was a Democrat until the war, and tlien was a 
Republican until 1888, but is now a Prohibitionist. 
He has not sought any office, but has served ac- 
ceptably on the grand and petit juries. 

R. J(JEL G. WILLIAMS is one jimong the 
foremost of the professional men of 
Adams County, 111., and as a practi- 
tioner of the healing art he has won an 
enviable reputation. His cheerful countenance, 
encouraging words and advice, and his thorough 
knowledge of the profession, which only a long 
and continued practice can give, has placed him 
upon the pinnacle of success, and his services are 
sougiit over a large scope of territory. As medi- 
cine is the most important science liearing upon 

our happiness and welfare, we feel a great rever- 
ence for those who have spent years of their lives 
in its successful practice. 

Like many of the active and enterprising resi- 
dents of this county, Dr. Williams is a native of 
Adams Count.y, 111., and has here spent the 
greater part of his life. In these native-born 
residents we find men of true loyalty to the inter- 
ests of this part of the State, who understand, as 
it were by instinct, the needs, social and other- 
wise, of this vicinity, and have a thorough 
knowledge of its resources. The Doctor was born 
on the 5tli of August, 1834, and is a descendant 
of Blue-grass stock on both the paternal aud ma- 
ternal sides, his father, Joel (i. Williams, being a 
native of Kentucky, born in 1804. Up to the time 
()f his death, which occurred in 1882, tiie elder Mr. 
Williams was a member of the Old-school Baptist 
Churcli. He was the son of Thomas Williams, who 
was also a native of Kentucky, of English-Scotch 
descent. Tiie maiden name of our subject's motiier 
was Temperance Headington, a native of Ken- 
tucky, and a daughter of Laban Headington, .ilso 
of Kentucky." Slie was of English descent, and 
died in 18.3(). 

Dr. AVilliams, the youngest of three children, 
was reared amid the familiar scenes of Adams 
County, 111., and on tiie farm where his father 
passed much of his life. He attended the district 
school, and later the High School in (Quincy. Fol- 
lowing this, he began reading medicine with Dr. 
J, R. L. Clarkson, of Adams County, and then en- 
tered the medical department of the State I'ni- 
versity of Missouri, McDowell College, from whicli 
he was graduated in 18.')fi. Returning to Adams 
County, he entered actively upon the practice of 
his profession, and in 1889 removed to Ouincy, 
where he still conducts a large and i)a\ing prac- 

Dr Williams has not escaped tiie matrimoiiial 
lot and in 1856 was united in marriage to Miss 
Mildred J. Clarkson, a sister of his preceptor. She 
was born in Kentucky, and is the daughter of 
Dr. J. M. Clarkson. To oui' subject and wife have 
been born two children, as follows: Lee C, a 
student at the LTniversity of Michigan, at Ann 
Arbor; and .Julius .1., attending tlie High Sclif)ol 

I'OIMKAIT AM) HKKlRArilH Al. i;i:((ii;i). 


of t^llilirv. 1*1'. \\ illi:iiii> i« ;i iiuihiki hI [■•wlfl 
l.odf^e. A. F. iV A. M., ami i^ iilso a iiumiiIht of tlic 
liiiU'|>i'iiilciil ( IriU'i- of Odd l-'cllows, nl Fowlor. 
III. \\v \> II iiu'IiiImt of A<l«nis {.'omilv Mcdiral 
SiKMutv, Jiiid ill |Hilili(>, is n l*roliiliiti(piii>l. Dur- 
ing the War. Iii' wa« a|i|ioiiited Assiflaiit Surficon 
of tlio Second Illinois Cavalry, anil served in thai 
eajmcilv for <nu' \»'nr. 

IK lll.M.U)i:.s .\. Sl'K I:K. who owns and 
ii|K'ralcs one hundrod and sixty acres of 
laii<l on section 10, Kccnc Township, ha.s 
the luuior of IxMn;^ a native of this 
county, whore he was horn Deceinhcr (5. 1815. 
He is the youiiiiest son in a family of live sons 
and live daufrhtci-s, whose parents were Kawser and 
Maria (Tarr) Spicer, the former a native of Hoiir- 
Imiii ( Oiiiity, Ky..and the latter of Nicholas Ctninly, 
that .State. The paternal grandfather was a na- 
tive of N'ir'jinia. and lielonired to one of the lirst 
f.ninilie.s of that Slate. In 18;tl, Hawser Spicer 
emijji-ate<l to Illinois. liH-ating near .Marcelline. 
The following year, he removed Ut Keeiie Town- 
ship, lieiiig one of its lirst settlei-s. I'lirchasing 
land on .section 18. he built a log caliiii.and l>cgaii 
the development of his farm, in I8i'i!), he re- 
moved to the northern part of the towiisliip.and 
two years later went to Hancock County, where he 
died in 1878. at the age of seventy-three yeni-s. 
He wa.s one of the honored pioneers of .\daiiis 
C«ninty, having here made his home when the 
country wa.s almost entirely iiiiimproved, when 
<lcer and wolves were very numerous, and when 
Indians were still frei|ueiit visitors. He had to 
go over thirty miles to mill, aii<l iiiaiiy other 
hardships and trials he experienced in those early 
days. IJeing in very limited circunisUinccs on 
his arrival, he made rails for thirty-seven and a- 
half cents per hundred. Imt liecaiiie a »uccessfiil 
and prosperous farmer. Mr. .Spicer wits a man of 
prominence, aud held various puhlic otilces. He 

Wii> a iiiaii '"1 ^ti«»ii^ I i'ii\ n ii>'ii-. .Mii'i *s a^ a l.ailh- 
fiil meinlier of the Christian Church. He voted 
for Henry Clay when only one other man in Keenc 
Township supported that ticket. His wife died in 
18*;7, and he afterward married Sarah Tanner. Ii.\ 
whom he had two daughters, iMitli yet living. ( (f 
the lirst faniih. one son and the dntightei-s yet 

A. N. .Spicer, whose name heads this record, was 
reared as a farmer lad, and remained under the 
paternal roof until .lanuary. 186.'), when, at the 
age of nineteen, he enlisted for the l«lt! war in 
Com]inny l,(>ne Hundred and Fifty-lifth Illinois 
Infantry, .-erving until .Septeinher. He was on ile- 
t.'icheil duty mostly, guarding railroad from Nash- 
ville to ChattAiiooga. Three of his lirothers were 
also in the service. Francis M. a memlx-r of 
Company F. Third Illinois Cavalry, and wrved 
two ycai-s. His death occurred soon after he re- 
turned home. Charles and .lame.s joined the iMiys 
in l>luc of Coiii]iany H. .Seventy-eighth Illinois In- 
fantry, in 18(i2, and remained in the service until 
the close of the war. 

On receiving his discharge, our siiliject returned 
home, and remained with his father until 18G!). 
He then continued to operate a portion of the old 
homestead until 1871, when he went to Kans.ns 
and spent a year in Lyon County. Ketiirning, he 
purcha.scil land on section Id. Keenc Township, 
and has since engaged in agricultural pursuits. 
His line farm of one hundred and sLxty-.H^ven 
acres is under a high state of cultivation, and well 
i I proved with all the appointments of a model 
farm. He devoted his attention exclusively to it.s 
operation until 18!II. when he emiiarked in the 
grain liiisincss in l.oraine. In the spring of |8'.I2, 
he admitted to partnci>hip Herman Fppy. iind the 
linn is now doing an excellent business. 

On the iMlh of February. Ik7.'>, Mr. Spicei was 
joined in wedl<K.-k with IsaU-l Norman, who was 
iMirii in Coshoct(Hi County, Ohio. Her father wa.n 
a soldier, and gave his life in ilefense of his country 
at the battle of N.ishvillc .she canu- West with 
her mother, who died in this county in 1887. 
Mrs. .Spicer, prior to her marriage, was a suwessful 
teacher in this State, having taught two yeai-s in 
Champaiijn County and nine years in Aduiu;t 



County. Six children have been horn unto Mr. 
and Mrs. Spicer: Grace, Lou, Kawser, Annie L., 
.Tabez and AValter <;. Deatli has not entered 
the family, and the circle remains unbroken. 

Mr. Spicer takes an active interest in political 
affairs, and is a stalwart supporter of the Repub- 
lican party, doing all in his power to promote its 
interests. He has freijuently been chosen as a 
delegate to its conventions, and has been honored 
with several offices. He served for one year as 
Collector of the township, and for six years has 
been elected Supervisor in a Democratic district, 
which fact indicates his personal popularity and 
the confidence reposed in him. Socially, he is a 
member of the United Workmen Society, the 
Modern Woodmen, and is Commander of Loraine 
Post No. .380, G. A. R. His wife holds member- 
ship with the Methodist Episcopal Church. Mr. 
Spicer is a worthy representative of an honored 
pioneer family, and is a leading and influential 
citizen of the community. He is well informed, 
has the high regard of his many friends and ac- 
iiuaintances, and his success in his business deal- 
ings has won liim a place among the substantial 
citizens of the count}'. 

(I? W. GERKE is the able President and Man- 
ager of the Riverside Ice Company, and 
Superintendent of the Qui ncy Pressed Brick 
Company, of Quincy, 111., and has been fa- 
miliar with the manufacture of ice since 1874, hav- 
ing a thorough and ])ra( tical knowledge of it. He 
is a native of Cincinnati, Ohio, boin in .Inly. 18.")2, 
to H. W. and Elizabeth (Meyer) Gerke, the former 
of whom was a (ierniau by descent and a merchant 
by occupation. He was a man of sound piinciples, 
and his worthy attributes of heart and head en- 
deared him to a wide circle of fiiends. 

When II. W. Gerke was a small lad, he taken 
by his parents to Evansvillc, Ind., and in lliatcity 
his boyhood days were spent, and there ho ob- 
tained a practical and useful cducaljon in the com- 

' men schools. When he became a resident of the 
city of St. Louis. Mo., in 1874, he at once engaged 
in the manufacture of ice, a business which me t 
with universal approval and patronage by the in- 
haltitanls of that sultry city, and in addition to 

j this he was connected with the sprinkling of the 
city streets of that place. To these occupations he 
devoted his time and attention until 18!t(). At 
this time he decided to locate in Quiucy, and at 
once became President and Manager of the River- 
side Ice Company, in the conduct and management 
of which his former expeiience was of material 
benefit to him. This well-known company deals in 
both natural and artificial ice, is well supplied 

I with both and can accommodate the public to al- 
most any amount. They have a complete equip- 
ment of ice and refrigerating machinery, and are 

' prepared to furnish ice by the car-load, or in any 
quantity to suit puichasers. and upon short no- 

In addition to this extensive and profitable busi- 
ness, Mr. Gerke is connected with the Quincy 
Pressed P>rick Company, in the capacity of Super- 
intendent. The woiks are spacious and fully 
supplied with modern appliances and m.ichinery. 
Every care is taken in the manufacture of the 
brick, and all processes of manufacture are sys- 
tematized and achieved with the greatest economy 
of time and laboi'. j\lr. Gerke has proven himself 
a model Suiierintendent, is well qualified for the 
discharge of his duties, .and under his management 
the product of the company is permanently main- 
tained at the highest standard of excellence. 

Mr. (ierke has always been independent in poli- 
tics, and always votes for the man winim he con- 
siders liest fitted for the office. He himself does 
not desire office, but i)refcrs to pui'sue the business 
affairs of life, undisturbed by the strife and tur- 
moil of politics. In the month of May. 1874, he was 
married to Miss IJertha Asman, a daughter of 
Henry Asman, of Evansville, Ind. Mrs. (ierke 
was born and reared in that city of gaiety and 
fashion, Paris, France, and received her musical 
education in the Paris Conservatory of Music. 
She is a very line |)iauist. and in other ways is 
talented and exceptionally intelligent, and well 
lilted to shiiie in any social circle, She has borne her 

I'olM U.M I \Mi l!l<'<.IC \rilICAL IlECORD. 


hiisHnnil -ix si(n>: Williitiii II.. (nil II.. Il;iii\. 
Kn'di'rick. .MN-it and Moriix. 

In \\i» plen-sant home at No. 1425 Vormont Street, 
our ,<iul>j<'i-l hikI his estiinnlile ami ni'i-oiii|ilislie(l 
wife |MT|i«'timlo the lH'>t sfx-ial iii!>tiiiet.'', Kiiil dis- 
|iensc« bo!i|)itAlity and jfood clieerto thedelijrht of 
their own ireiieroiis henrt-'^. and to the rich enjoy- 
ment of tiieir inniinieralile friends. 





AMES C.VMI'MKI.I.. an enterprising and 
progressive farmer and >toek-raiser residniir 
'■ en seetion i\. (layttm rowri>|ii|). wa." liorn 
in Kentucky in \X'2i>. The family is of 
Sofitc'li origin. The paternal <;randfatlier, who 
was a native of N'irginia, served in the War of 
1812. The parents of our subject. Joseph and 
.loanna Catnitliell. were natives of Kentucky. 
They had a family of six sons and two daughten*, 
as follows: Thomn.«. l)orn in Kentucky, in 1 8211, 
married Harriet Stewart, by whom he had eight 
children, and followed farming in Illinois. His 
death occurred in Kansas, in 1872. William, Ixirn 
in 1M22. died in infancy; David I,.. iMirn in April. 
1824. married Martha Truitt. and they have four 
children. He wa.s a school teacher for many years 
in .\dams County, after which he removed to Kan- 
sas. He elected Treasurer of Klk County in 
1R8(». and served four years. In 1878, he was 
elected t4i the Stale Legislature, and is a pri>ininenl 
and intluential citi/.en. Kdwanl. born in IK2*.). 
married Martha .Mcllatten. and his death resulted 
from a stroke of lightning in I8(>8. in Kansas. 
Sarah .lane. Ixjrn in IX.'ll.died in IK,12. She was 
the first pers<in born in Clayton Township. |{iil>erl. 
Iiorii in IH.'M. tiled in infancy. Charles, born in 
18.'i6. married IsmIk-I Clifton, and is an extensive 
farmer and st(M-k-raiM'r of I. inn County. Kan. He 
repre.-^nled his district in the .Stntc lA'gi.slature in 
1877. .Margaret, iMini in IH.ji). is the wife of Dr. 
Lyons, a resident of U'a>hiiigtoii. 

The father of this famil\ cmigrateil to .Vd.'iin." 
t'ountv in IMl, and from tlje (Government cii- 

lfre<I a tract of land of four hundred acres, which 
he impriived and placed iimier a high stale of cul- 
tivation, making it one of the valuable farms of 
the community. He aided gn-atly in the upbuild- 
ing and development of Clayton Township, and 
his name is inseparably connct'ted with it« his- 
tory. For a niimlK-r of years, lie kept a l.averii in 
the old home and entcrt.niiied many well-known 
persons. In IM.'ti!. he removed to Clayton anci 
kept the lii>t hotel in that place. Kor live yeai>. 
he iiirried on business in that line, and then re- 
turned to his farm. His wife died in 18(i2, and lii> 
dcflth (K'ciirrcd twenty years lat<'r. They were iiiini- 
iM-red among the honored pioneers of Clayton 
Township, were prominent and highly re»|K'cted 
people, and well deserve mention in this volume. 

In the usual manner of farmer lads, our subject 
was reared to manh<jiKl, and remained under the 
parental roof until bis marri:i<;e. In |8l!l. |u- was 
joined in wcilltH'k with Kli/abeth .\. Kradiiey, of 
Hr<)W!i County. The following year he went to 
California, where he remained until ix.'i.'<. While 
on the I'acilic Slope, he was engaged in farming 
and in merchandising, and he ran the first 
ing-machine in the .San .lose Valley. On his if- 
turn. he purcha-sed a tract of land of one hundred 
and sixteen acrctt, for which he paid ^040. and 
since that time has engaged exclusively in farming 
an<l st«K-k-raising. In 1«72. he built a live-room 
residence, which lia.s since lieen replaced by a 
more commodious dwelling of eight riHinis. two 
sttiries in height, which wa.- erected at a cost of 
>f2,.'»0o. He now lia.s a well-improved farm of 
three hundred acres, and in addition to tins, owns 
two hundred and forty acres in .Mi.ssouri. His 
(ields are well tilled, ami the neat appearance of 
the plai-c indicates his thrift and enterprise. He 
also raises line grades of sl<H-k. 

Into Mr.and .Mrs. CamplN'll have In-en iHirn the 
following children: .lohii I..,lHirii in 1 8.'iO. married 
.Mat tie Ha/.lett. T. A.. lM)rn in \Hi,:\. married Liz- 
zie Oilier, and after her death wedded Marie (takes, 
who ilieil ill IKK.'i. He re-iiles in .MiNsouri. .Julia, 
iMirii in 1H,")4, is the wife of .lohn M. (Earner, of 
ll:inc<K-k County, (icorgc A., Iiorn in |M.')ri. mar- 
ried .leiinic Omcr, who ri-sides in llrowii County. 
.Mien, born in IH.'iK. married .liilia Hriggs, and %(• 



ter her death wedded Ollie Wright. He follows 
fnrming in Concord Towusiiip. Ella, horn in 
1860, is at home; H. B., born in 18(i2, is a farmer; 
James E., born in 1864, i.n at iiomc; IMinnie. born 
in 1867, is the wife of ,1. II. Smith, of Clayton; 
()ra, born in 1871, completes the family. 

Mr. Campbell is a member of the Methodist 
Chnreh, with which he and his wife have been con- 
nected for for'ty years. He has been Class-leader and 
Steward for many years, has ever been an earnest 
worker in the interests of the church, and is one of 
its members. In politics, he is a Republican, and 
has held a number of school offices. The cause of 
education lias found in him a warm friend, and he 
is a public-spirited and progressive man, ever 
ready to aid in the advancement of cnteii)rises 
calculated to promote tlie general welfare. 



^^^EORGE HARDY, a hardware merchant of 
I'lj ,— , Loraine, is one of the earliest settlers of the 
'^s^ county now residing here. He was born 
in Overton County, Teun., December 13, 1822. 
His grandfather. Thomas Hardy, was a native of 
Scotland. Emigrating to America, ue located in 
Maryland and thence removed to Mrginia, wiicre 
he died at a ripe old age. 

The father of our subject, Tliomas Hardy, .Ir., 
was born in JNIaryland in 1777. While residing 
in Virginia, he married Elizabetli Crawford, a na- 
tive of tiiat State. She is a cousin of Col. William 
Crawford, who was liurned to deatli liy tiic In- 
dians in Wyandot County, Ohio. Emigrating to 
Tennessee, Mr. Hard}" became a farmer of Overton 
County, where he resided until 18:50, when he came 
with his wife and seven cliildrcn to Illinois, The 
long trip was made in wagons drawn liy horses, 
they arriving at their destination after four weeks 
of travel. The family first located on Mendon 
Prairie, and the following j'car made one of the first 
settlements in Keene Township. The father entered 
land, built a log cabin and in true pioneer st\ie 
the family began life on the frontier, Deer and wild 

fowls were plentiful, wolves were numerous and a 
few Indians still lingereil along the creeks. The 
father died in 1844, and the mother in 18.37. Both 
were members of the Baptist Church, and their up- 
right lives made them highly respected people. 
Their family numbered eight sons and four daugh- 
ters, but our subject is now the only survivor, al- 
though all lived to mature years. The eldest sister 
died in Tennessee at the age of ninety-two. 

(ieorge Hardy was a lad of eight summers when 
he came with his parents to this count\'. He well 
remembers how barren the country looked in those 
early days. Few indeed were the settlements, 
t^uincy was a mere hamlet, and many of the now 
nourishing towns had not yet s})rung into exis- 
tence. There were many hardships and [)rivations 
to be borne. It was a long distance to market and 
mill, and had it u<jt been for the wild game the suj)- 
ply in the larder would often have been meagre 
indeed. The development of the farm was an ar- 
duous task, and the educational privileges were 
very poor. He conned his lessons in the log 
schoolhouse, with slab seats and old-fashioned fire 
place, but with no windows. 

Mr. Hardy was married March 10, 1842, to Mary 
Fredeiick, a native of New York, who witli friends 
had come to the West expecting to return, liiit 
fate willed otherwise. They resided for a few 
years on !Mendon Prairie and then removed to sec- 
tion 1 7, Keciie Township, where they have since 
made their home. For more than fifty year.-, they 
have traveled life's journey together, sharing with 
j each other its joys and soriows, its adv^crsity 
' and prosperity. Seven ciiildren were bt)rn of their 
union, of whom four are yet living: .lames, who 
IS married and is a prosperous farmer of Knox 
County, Mo.; William, who is also married and is 
a well-to-do farmer of Knox County; Stephen 
A., a conductor on the Santa Fe Hailroad, who is 
married and reside* in Las ^'egas, N. M., and .les- 
sie A., at home. 

The land on whirli Mr. Hardy settled in Keene 
Township was new and unimproved, but he began 
its development and transformed it into one of 
the fuiesl farms of this section. He now owns al- 
together four hundred and ten acres of land on 
sections 17, 18. I'J and 20, In ISr^l), he built a 


Cy/t/^^c^^U4yv ^. 0^^~eyrv^yL£yMn^^ 



lirick re^ick'iuv, one of the lirsl in this liK-ftlity, 
nn«l iti it lias sim-r livc<l, luit exid'cl.-* s<Hm U» re- 
move to l.oniiiio, in onlfr t«i lii-tt«'i- ntt<>n<l to liis 
liiisint'!*.* intwe.>.t>. He »Mijinj,'»'<l .■.iicvessfiiily in 
fnrniin^ iin<l >t<Kk-rni>in;; until IhX". wlion In- 
roinit'il 11 |i:irtii<-i>lii|i willi l>. D. Ki<)<lle in Imyini; 
:i lianltvHic >tor)>. In ]X'MK \iv Itoiiglit out his 
liartii»'i'> int*'io>t and lias sinoi- roiitiniUMl the liiis- 
ine!vs aloiii'. lie lias an exi'i'lU-iit trad*- ami well 
(1e.serv09* lii.s liljcrai |iatrona<;f. In connection will) 
tlic Iianlwai'c. lie has a tinware ilepartnieiit in the 
store, in eliarije of his ^riaiulsoii. .loliii 15. Kolev. 
wlio is now a (lartner in the firiii. 

In |iolilies. Mr. Ilanlvis a Demoerat amiiusl his 
lii>t I'resiilential vote for .lames K. I'olk, luit has 
never l»een an aspirant for olliee. His wife is • 
meiiilM-r of the Baptist Cliiin-h. Mr. Hardy has 
inherited the U-sl eharaeleristiesof his S<'ottisli aii- 
ecstors, and although he started c»ut in life empty- 
handed, he has won through his enterprise, thrift 
and -{ooil niaiia;.;eriieiit :i h.andsome i-oinpeteney. 
He had iiiiich to {onlciid with in the early days, 
hut he oveivanie the olistaeles in lii> path, and he 
is now enjoyinj; a well-deserved pros|KTity. He 
has witnessed the entiix- growth of the county, is 
one of it.s honored pioneei-s, :iiid well deserves 
representation in this volume. 

-^^ -H 

H.I.IAM II. HKNNKSO.N. No nainesUinds 
f' hi<;her in the annals of the law in (^uincy 
than that of William H. lU-nneson who is 
one of the prominent men of the county. His 
suwess iL-i a lawyer is due as much to his stnui;; 
IHTs^mnlity as to his unipiestioned aliility. His 
friends are amoiii^all I'l.'isses. and thoahlest serviii's 
he has ever rendered have Im-cii tlio>e where he 
e»|>oil!M'd tliecaus*' of the |H>or anil oppressed. maii\ 
times without com|MMis-ition. His lione!<ty and iii- 
tejfrity are well known throu<;hout the county, ami 
his name is ever mentioneil with res|K>cl. The l^ai 
of t^iiiney is specially indeliled to .Mr. li«-nnesoii,.'is 
one of its lenders, for a standjinl of excellence 


which, ns long as it may be maintained, will always 
luvsiire to it-s niemlH-rs the very hifihi-st standing; 
ainoiiir the legal fraternity of the West. 

( )iir subject was liorn in .Newark. Del., on the 
;Ust tif DecemlKT. I«IK, and wa.- the youngest of 
nine children, live daughtei> and four sons, iKirn 
to Thomas t'. and .lane (C'nrlyle) Uenncson, iMith 
natives of the Kmerald Isle, the former of Irish 
and l-Jiglish and the latl<'r of S-olcli descent. The 
father was a linen manufacturer in early life hut 
later engaged in tilling the soil. He was a mini.st4>r 
of the I'resliyterian faith and was a man whose 
many excellent traits of character were well known. 
In the year IKtiO. he came to the I'nited Stj»t*'s 
and settled in Delaware, where he passed the re- 
mainder of his days. 

The youthful days of \oiiiig Keiiiie>4iii were 
passed in his native place, and, in addition to a 
good practical education, rei'eived in the private 
and suhsci'iptioii scIkmiIs of his initive (^ounty, he 
entered Delawar*' College, where he laid a goo<l 
foundation for his suh.«equenl prosperou.s career. 
He remained in that institution for live years and 
was i^raduated in l«lii. Ih- then liegaii teaching 
school and studying law at the same time in the 
Old Dominion, and remained in that State for 
three yeai>. From there he moved to (^uiiicy in 
184.'), o|H-ned up a law otiice, and his first partner 
wa.s Ste|)lien .\. Douglas. Afteiwanl he had three 
or four other pailneis. 

During the great gold fever excitement in ISI'.t. 
our subject went U) California, and remained there 
three years, meeting with good success as a miner. 
Returning to (^uincy, he resumed the practice of law 
Miiil has continued this until the present time, ex- 
cept for a fi'w years spent in the army. Duringthe 
struggle betwei-n the North and South. Mr. Ilennr- 
son was a Colonel of the S'venty-eiglith Illinois In- 
fantry, receiving that rank iindi-r the authority of 
the (iovernur, Richard M. ^ates. He wasM'iitto 
Louisville, Ky., then to .Nashville, Tenii.. where he 
was on garrison iliity for one year, and then wa.< 
obliged t«i resign on a<-count of ill health. 

Returning to (^uiiicy. III., Mr. Itenneson entered 
.'titively on the practice of his profi-ssion in the 
liM-id, Slate and federal courts. He st«nds pre- 
emiiienl in lh<> branches of the law.andamong the 



members of the Bar of Adams Count}' his opinions 
are accepled as unimpeachable. !Mr. Benneson has 
been twice married, first to Miss Eliza Bradle\', of 
Delaware, daughter of Andrew Bradley. She died 
in 18.54, leaving three daughters: (Teorgiaua, a 
music teacher in the South; Mary A., book-keeper 
and typewriter in Cliicago: and Addie E., book- 
keeper. Mr. Benneson 's second marriage occurred 
in 18.57 and united him with Miss Caroline, 
daughter of Levi Wells, an old resident of Quincj-. 
One child has blessed tliis union, a daughter, Lucy, 
who became the wife of E. W. Trowbridge, a coal 
dealer of (Juincy. In his political views, Mr. Ben- 
neson is a stalwart Democrat and has lield a number 
of local positions in the county. He was appointed 
Postmaster at (^uincy under President Johnson's 
administration, and held that position during his 
term of office, lie resides at No. 1,116 North Fifth 

on section 36 owned by the gentleman 
whose name opens this notice, tells the 
traveler without words the manner of man 
our subject is. The fine state of cultivation, the 
excellent Iniildiugs. and the air of thrift every- 
where apparent, bespeak the good manager and suc- 
cessful man. 

Mr. Chittenden is the youngest living son of 
the well-known Col. .lohn B. Chittenden, and was 
born in Ouilford, Conn., December 15. 1824. The 
mother, whose name was P>lizabeth Robin.son, was 
also of G uilford. Our subject was seven years of age 
the day his father's family reached Quincy, 111. He 
was taught in Connecticut In- Miss Betsey Burgess, 
who accompanied the family of Col. Chittenden 
when they came West, and here continued teaching 
until her marriage with Willard Keyes, of (Quincy. 
Later our subject attended the iniblic schools of 
iMendon. and remained at home until he was twenty- 
eight years old. liefore leaving Connecticut the 
grandfather gave each of the boys of this family 
■■s-' to be investeil for them, so that tlie\- woulil 

never l)e without property, and their father 
invested it in calves. Our subject was nat- 
urally handy with tools, and he found this very 
convenient when he wished to build his lio\ise, as 
he was able to do so much of the work himself. 
He bought his farm in 1850, and went right to 
work, splitting rails, breaking ground and doing 
all himself. He decided in 1852 that he was able 
to su|)port a family and so was married to Lelitia 
Barclay, who was born at Lyons, N. Y., November 
9, 1836. Her father was Daniel Barclay, who was 
a native of New York City, who came to Illi- 
nois at an early day, and settled on an improved 
farm in this township. Hedied there May 1, 1888, 
aged ninety-six years. The mother of ^Irs. Chit- 
tenden was named Phcebe Perrine and her birth- 
place was in Lj-ons. N. Y. She lived to a good 
old age and died in 1881, in her eight3-eighth 
year. She had been a member of the Presbyterian 
Churcli, while her husband had held to the faith of 
the Methodist Episcopals. They were the parents 
of eleven children, six of whom are now living. 

After marriage Mr. Chittenden continued im- 
provements on his farm and has passed his life 
there. He now owns one hundred and fifty -two 
acres of land and has given liberally to his boys. 
He has been a general farmer, but now devotes his 
attention to fine stock, principally hogs. 

Mr. and Mrs. Chittenden arc the parents of three 
children: Henry F, married to Ella Mills, lives in 
this section, and has five children; Sarah E. is the 
wife of George W. Shupe, and lives in Peabody, 
Kan. and has two children; and Abraham I, married 
Laura E. Eaton, and lives at Peabody, Kan., and has 
one child. 

Mr. and Mrs. Chittenden have their church con- 
nection with the Congregational, in which he has 
been a Deacon for fifteen year*. He wasa memtjer 
of the Independent Orderof Odd Fellows for many 
years and held the minor otHces, being at one 
time deputy lustuUiug ollicer. In politics iMr. 
Chittenden has been a very zealous Republican, 
and wasa conductor on the Underground Railroad, 
but since the formation of the Prohibition party 
he has been a strong suppf>rter of its principles. 

Mr. Chittenden has given his children fine edu- 
cational advantages, and his eldest son taught sue- 

1H)RTH.\I1 AM) I'.|(m;|{A1'I|J( AI. HIK (I|{I>. 


t-es.«fully for m'vch veni>. His itnii;;litfr is piftcd 
in iniisit'iiMil ha.* Iwi-n :\ flioii-lpiiilcr. His yiuiiim'.-l 
Mill liii- l>c<Miiin' kiiunii to tin' iiiimtrv «s II U-iuliii^ 

ttuflllilll of KnilMlS. Kllll ILo till' (IWIII'I'of tllP fnllKIIIS 

tnitliiig stallion, ",loc Yoiiiij'," whirli Uiv^n rivonl 
of 2.1'.'/. It is a U-Hutiful aniiniil. Iiliick. liftccn 
ami oiif-linlf liainls liijfh, siit-il liy "Star of llif 
\V est, "i lain "|jnl\ ( Jifiron," liv (•riH'ii*>"lla.-linw." 
This aiiiinnl was lioii;,'lil for i<l.iiil<), and Altralitiin I. 
C'liittfiKk'n is tlu- sole owiu-r. 


\V. sen \V A l{/. in in;. Ilu' jiintlonmn 
« lioM' naiiii' a|i|H'ars at liu- o|i('nini; of tiiis 
article is tin- ollicient SecietaiT, Treasurer 
an<l (Jenoral Manaf^er of tiie II. (I. S-iiwarz- 
liiii-f; l'a|ier and ('ij,'ar ISox Coiniianv, and Seiie- 
lary and Treasurer of ilic <^iiiii('y linliii>; Pre-ss 
('oiii|iaiiy. ni.-inufarturers of the Noxall Hay I'ress, 
and »'a> Uirn in Itallinioie, Md., .Vii^ust 2)>, IH.'il. 
Henry C SfliwBrzluirjr. the father of our siilijei-t, 
was liorn in l*rus.->ia, where he learned the tmde of 
eAliiiiet-iualier, and. coining to .\ineriea in IK17, lo- 
eatod ill Rnltiinore, Md., but eniiie to <juiney. III , 
ill 18.">7. He was a fine ineclmnii-. and wjls enjjaged 
hy the F. \V. .lan^eii Kiirnitnie ('oiii|iany, here. In 
IHfiy. he removed to LilnTty, III. He ran a factory 
for .s<jine tiine, on the corner of Ki;;litli and Main 
Streets. In IMtl!!, he started in the fiiriiiliire 
business, cunnectiii^ it with an uiidertakiii<j!' busi- 
ness, and continued in thi.- for eighteen months. 
He then letiirned here to the employ of the .l:ins«-n 
Furnitui-e Company, and after that engaged with 
a planing-inill <'oinpany. In 1X7 |. he starteil a 
paper liox f:iclor\ on Sixth and .Main Street.-, and 
soon after he added a cigar Ikix liiisiness, in 
which he obliged to oi-ciip_\ two floors in 
Moiilden Hall. He then moved int<i the third 
building from his present ItK-atioii and continued 
there until burned out. when he was obliged to 
iM'gin again al the bottoni. In IHH2, he t<Mik Im> 
foil, H. W., into iMirtiici-ship, and in IKM.'i the 
business was i!icor|K)ratod lu- the H. (;. S'hwarz- 

burg Taper and ( igar l5ox Coiiipany, l'1.'i,(KMi 
capital. He continued a> President until |KK|. 
when III- retired, on account of h stroke of apo- 
plexy. Ill' was then sixty-two years of age. and 
had been a Kepiiblican in |Hilitics, but not a 
seeker for ollice. He wa> an active member of St. 
.lolin's Lutheran ('hiircli, of which he was an 
ollicial. Ili> wifi' was l-lva Kc»lcr, Ixnii in Kni- 
hcN-cn, (iermany. They have live livingchildreii, 
as follows: Our subject; Kli/alM-th. now Mi>. 
^'ollbl■a^•ht. re-iding in Clayton: Uicka, now .Mrs. 
I.inlz, roiding here; Fri-d A., I're.-idcnt of the H. 
(1. .Schwarzbiirg Company: (iii-l:iv, a incinber of 
this firm. 

Henry W. was raised here from the age of four 
years and attended the public schools, and when 
thirteen year> of age began cabinet-makiiiLr under 
his father. Afterward he worked al the carpenter 
trade for three years, under William Winkclinan. 
Soon after his father starteil the factory, he was 
employed in the pa|HM- box department. .\fter 
the jireseut business wa- incor|>orated, he iK-camea 
stiK'kholder,nnd he lin> since held the above ollices. 
He now owns the iiiiinen>e brick building located 
on .Main Strict, Xax. 303 and 3(1.'). It is ."idxHO 
feel, three stories and ba.sement. with elevator nnil 
all improvements. It is the largest inaniifactory 
of its kind and is now doing a very successful 
business. In \HHH, he took Mr. ISIank a.- a partner, 
and invented and patented the Nnxall Hay I're.xs, 
an<] liegaii manufacturing it here. It li:i- been a 
great success and now two men are on the road. 
It is run by hiir>e power. The ijuincy llaling 
Press Coiiipaiiy was incor|>omtcd, :ind our subji-ct 
i> Secretary and TreaMirer. and Henry F. Blank is 
I'loidciit. Il i- the largest inaniifactory of its 
kind here. Our subject is a stockholder and 
Diicclor ill the People's Itiiilding and Loan 
.Vs.sociatioii, and a stockholder and Kirector in the 
Inter-State Kxcui-sion Conipaiiy. which runs a 
huge steamboat aiirl barge, the ".losephine" and 
the •• .Mamie L." He has always been very liU-ial 
and has started several other iin|HirtAnt enter- 

.^Ir. S«-liwar/.burg was married here in 1«77, to 
I.ouisa Iv'kert, born in <^uincy. They have six chil- 
dren, all of whom are still at liomc: Kiiiinn K.. Kva 



L., Louisa, Henry AV^., Jr., Freddie and Elmer. He is 
a member of the Turners' society and is inde- 
pendent in politics. He has served on the |)etit 
juries and has been unite an inventor. He and 
wife are very worthy people, and they move in 
the best society of the city of Quincy. 

^ ANIKL G. CAMPBELL, of the firm of 
Campbell Brotliers, manufacturers of lime 
and contracting stone masons, is one of 
the most practical and successful of the 
business men of C^uincy, 111. This house is con- 
sidered one of the most popular and enterprising 
in its line in the city, and under the present ener- 
getic management the trade of this already popular 
concern is bound to assume much larger propor- 
tions, and that in a very short length of lime. Mr. 
Campbell is a native of Ciuincy, and was born Aug- 
ust 24, 1846, his father, James, being born in the Isle 
of Erin. The paternal grandfather, Felix, was a 
farmer of that country and died there. James came 
to America when a young man and was married in 
Phila(leli)hia, Pa., to Elizabeth Grant, a native of 
Ireland. He obtained employment in a cotton fac- 
tory, in which he worked until 1837, when he took 
up his residence in (Quincy, III, and became a con- 
tractor for excavating for building. He showed 
himself to be quite a successful financier and became 
the owner of considerable valualile real estate. He 
died in 1882. His wife was a daughter of John 
Grant, a general merchant and farmer. She died 
in < Quincy, an earnest member of the Catholic 
Church, of which her husband was also a member. 
Their union resulted in the birth of four sons and 
one daughter: John, who died in 1879; William, 
who is associated in business with the subject of 
this sketch; James, who is also a business man of 
(Quincy; Daniel G., and Mar3', who died in this city. 
In the public sciiools of (juincy, Daniel G. Camji- 
bell obtained his first knowledge of books, but he 
;iftvi wards graduated at Bryant iV .Stratton's(now 

the (iem City) Business College. Succeeding this, 
he entered upon the harness business in part- 
nership with his three brothers, their place of 
business being at Eighth and Main Streets and 
later at Fifth and Hampshire Streets. The}- are now 
doing a ver)' prosperous business, and until 1881 
were quite extensively engaged in dealing in real 
estate. In that year Daniel G. withdrew and began 
the manufacture of lime, the same year purchasing 
fifteen acres of laud one mile north of Quincy on 
Quincy Bay, where he built a stone kiln, which he 
operated for one year. In 1882, his brothers joined 
him and built an iron kiln, both of which have been 
in successful and almost constant operation. They 
have an extended trade in Nebaska, Iowa, Illinois, 
and Missouri, and their establishment has a capacity 
of fourteen hundied barrels jier week. They have 
a cooper shop of their own, in which four men 
are constantly employed, but in the various depart- 
ments of their work furnish about forty men with 
employment. In 1885, the}- became stone-mason 
contractors of Quincy, and furnished cut stone for 
brick work, of a very fine quality, tiieir stone quarry 
having a frontage of one thousand feet. During 
the winter, a large number of men are employed in 
getting out wood for their kiln, eight hundred cords 
being used every season. They own a large amount 
of woodland and make a specialty of dealing in this 
kind of real estate. The land where he and his 
brothers are so successfully conducting their kiln 
was condemned by others as worthless, but Mr. 
Campbell has found it very profitable, although he 
at first had a hard struggle to gain a foothold. B3- 
his upright business methods and the superiority 
of his goods, he soon had a paying trade and has 
been constantly increasing his connection. He 
went on the road himself, and by his genial and up- 
right manners won the confidence of those he de- 
sired to make his patrons, and they have never 
found their confidence misplaced. His main places 
of disti'ibution are Lincoln and Omaha, Neb. 
Since 1888, he has looked after their local trade, 
and as he and his brothers accumulate means they 
invest their money judiciously in real estate and 
in the improvement of property in various parts 
of l^uincy. 

.^lucli of Mr. Campbell's attention is given to 

^^LX^ti-2-->-^«>a^%'y^ , 



stono-nmson foiitractiiig, the sidt- track of the Chi- 
f!Hr">. Hiii'lin>;tiiii a- i^iiiiK-y Unilroiid p.i'^siiij; l)y 
Ihi'ir stoiu- VMid and Ihrir liiiu' shnls. On the I2lli 
of Septoinl>er, ISX'.t. Mr. ( iiiii|iIk1I wii.-; maiiicd t<> 
.Miss Katie Cnmiei-. n ihiii^'hter of William (lainer. a 
well-known eitizen of i^iiiney. .Mi-. ('ain|>l>ell was 
elected Alderman from the I'ifih \\:\i<\ in 1889 
on the Denioeijitic tieket. wa.t re-elect«'d in IM'.M 
.•111(1 was made Clmirman of the , "street and Alley 
Committee, the llarhor Committee and the Ordl- 
nanee Committee. He is very pnlilie-spirited. is a 
genial, wliole-sonled •jentleinan and fully deserves 
tlie generous measure of siicce-HS that has been me- 
ted out (o him. He is a DenuK-rat in his political 
proclivities and is a menilier of .St. I'eter's 
Catholic Clmrcli, in which he was rearcil. 


^'l)llN (). r.KUNAKI). who for several years 
was extensively en<;aj;ed in agrieiiltiu'al 
pursuits in I'ayson Township, i.s now liv- 
iiii; in retirement in one of the most at- 
tractive homes of I'ayMiii. He was l)orn in Ixjgan 
County, Ky., in l«17,and when sixteen j'ears of 
ajjc came with an older hrother to this conntv. 
landiuir in l^uincy in !«;? I, and, with the excep- 
tion of two years' residence in Iowa, \\sii since 
made his home in this county. 

Our sulijecl was one in a famiJN of thirteen 
children, all of whom, with one exception, grew 
to mature years. His parents, li. and Mil- 
dred A. (Crewdson) IJernard, were natives of 
Virginia, and tlie father departed this life in 
Logan County, Ky. lie of whom we write was 
given an excellent education, completing a jire- 
jmratory coui-se in .Shurtleflf College at Alton, prior 
to which time, however, he clerked for one year, 
and thus gained a good insight inl(j business 
affairs. When ready to establish a home of his 
own. lie was married, November 21. I><l<t, to Miss 
.Susan Harwell, who wits born in Davidson County, 
Tenn., in IHIK. and was brought to this county 
by an uncle in 18:i8. 

To Mr. and Mrs. lleninrd have been born s<>veii 
chihlren, three of whom grew to mature years, 
nanu'ly: Heiirietia, now .Mrs. Henry V. Lewis, of 
.Vshlnnd. Neb.; Horace, who is a prominent farmer 
of I'ayson Township: and Helle \'.. the wife of 
.lames H. I'ope, who resides on the old homestead. 
The wife of our subject was the daughter of 
Krederick and .Susan (Yates) Harwell, who, it is 
suppos(><l, were natives of North Carolina. Her 
imrents dying when she was an infant. Mix. Itern- 
ard was taken into the home of an aunt, whose 
husband was a distant relative of our subject. 

He of whom we write In-gan life with limited 
means, and in the acquirement of his valuable 
property has shown more than ordinary skill in 
his calling as a farmer and business man. He still 
has in his possession a valuable estate comprising 
one hundred an<l forty-seven acres of land, on 
which are placed a siiljstantial residence and all 
the latest conveniences for carrying on agricul- 
ture. He has l»eeii connected with the Missionary 
Baptist Church since 1H4ii, and has ever made it 
his aim to ])resent an example of true piety and 
due honor to the professions he made in his youth. 

Mr. liernard has been active as a |K>liticlan, and 
has always been an unfaltering Republican. I'er- 
.sonally, he is a clever, genial and whole-souled 
man, whose popularity is well grounded. Kor 
seventeen yeai-s. he Secretary of the Taystin 
l*"armers' Mutual Fire insurance Company, and 
)irior to his resignation in 1891 had succeeded in 
making it the fourth l>est of its kiinl in the entire 
.State. His son Horace, a popular an<l elllcient 
young business man, succeeded him to that olllce. 



IRA>r N. WHRF.I.KR. A successful news- 
paper is generally representative <if the 
^y/^ |H'ople of the place in which it is located, 
and il.s value lo a comniuuily is U'Nond 
estimate. In (^uiney there aie a numlier of papers, 
daily ami weekly, which have aided in no small 
degree in pronioling the interests of the cily in 



every useful way. Prominent among these is the 
Daily Jovrnal, the foremost newspaper In the 
State outside of C'liieago. The establisliment is 
fitted up tliroughout willi metropolitan macliin- 
ery and appliances. The paper is printed from 
stereotyped plates and upon as fine a perfecting 
press as is manufactured in tlie country, while its 
circulation is larger than that of any otlier journal 
in the State except those of Chicago. 

Not only in (^uincy is the Daily Journal & favor- 
ite, but throughout the central portion of Illinois 
and North Missouri it circulates largely and exer- 
cises a potent influence in all matters pertaining 
to these sections. In every respect a thoroughlj' 
wide-awake, independent and progressive journal, 
its zealous advocacy' of local interests has made it 
popular with the citizens of Quincy, whose progress 
it has materiall\- aided. Its success is partially 
due to its editor, the subject of this sketch, who is 
an interesting and forceful writer, and intelligent 
advocate of all progressive measures, and whose 
journalistic religion is to treat all political parties 
with impartial candoi- and to give every man a 
fair show. 

The tliird in order of birth in a family of six 
children born to James T. and .Jerusha (Young) 
Wheeler, our subject was born on his father's faim 
in St. Cliarles, Kane County, III., March 30, 1844. 
In the seventeenth year of his age, he entered the 
Fifty-second Illinois Infantry as a member of 
Company (I, to do service for the Stars and 
Stripes. He served three years and four months, 
or until mustered out in 1864, being in tlie Depart- 
ment of the West under Gen. Grant at Ft. McIIenry, 
Ft. Donelson and Shiloh; under Gen. Hallock at 
the siege of Corinth; under Gen. Rosecrans at the 
battle of Corinth; under Gen. Ord at the battle 
of luka; in the Sixteenth (Gen. Dodge's) Corps; in 
the Army of the Tennessee, Gen. McPherson com- 
manding, this forming a part of Gen. Sherman's 
grand army; in the campaign from Chattanooga 
to Atlanta, and in Logan's division of Sherman's 
army in the march from Atlanta to the sea. 

Since boyhood, Mr. Wheeler has been engaged 
in the newspaper business, printing his first paper 
in St. Charles, this State. He removed his print- 
ing plant fioni tlust i)lace to Elgin, where he cf>n- 

ducted a daily and weekly' paper. He came to 
(Quincy in the spring of 1881, and purchased the 
Hpi-alfl, but this he sold, after publishing it for a 
year anda-half. Ills next venture was to found the 
Quincy Journal, the first issue of which was j)rinted 
September II, 1883. From the inception of the 
paper it has been successful and receives from the 
people abundant evidence of its popularit}^ and 
worth. It is the truth to say that the Journal is a 
credit to journalism, to Quincy and to the State. 




^^'LUERr M. FOSTER. The following is a 
'^JLJ I brief sketch of Mr. Foster, whose present 

/// ii substantial position has been reached en- 
^' tirely through his own ^lerseverance, and 

whose life shows what can be accomplished by a 
person of courage and enlightened views. Not- 
withstanding discouragement, he has jjushed ahead 
and the result proves the wisdom of his I'ourse. 

Mr. Foster of this sketch was born in New 
.lersey in 180r), and was the eldest in a family of 
eleven children born to IJernard V>. and Sarah 
(Baldwin) Foster, natives <>f Long Island. Albert 
I\I. grew to mature years in his native [ilace .and 
when old enough engaged to work in a jewelry 
manufactory, where he remained for seven years, 
his duties being to operate the engraving machine. 

In 1834, Mr. Foster was married in New York 
City to Miss Mary Griswold. who is still living 
and who has borne her husband seven children, 
five still living. His estate comprises one hundred 
and sixty acres of well-improved land, wliich he 
has pLaced under excellent cultivation, and from his 
highly productive fields reaps rich harvests in com- 
pensation for the toil and care expended. He is very 
hale and hearty for one of his years, never having 
been sick but two d.ays in his life, and has watched 
thegi'owth of his township with pleasure, promoting 
it in his capacity of an energetic agriculturist. A 
.leffersonian Democrat in early life, he now votes 
with the Republican party, using his influence to 



promote it.- iiitore^Ut. A rarf old iimii i.s uiir:iul>- 
jecl; his iiicinoi v i- ricli willi onrly i'X|)eiifiico, iiiiil 
III' reiiiciiil>ei-5 well Imviii;; .-linkcii IiuikN with |ji- 
favi'tti'. lie mill his fjoml wife Iwar their years 
lightly, nithiiii-rli lifty-six winters have cinne hihI 
gone siiK'f their iiiarriii;;e. Their heart* nre a* 
green as mi thnt morning when she |iiit lirr liaml 
in his :iii<l they went out into the woriil lngetluT. 

ON. i;i)\VIN .1. riloMl'MiN. Nm visitor 
to (jiiincy would Ik- long iinfainilinr with 
the name :»nd persoiuility of the gentleman 
yj aliove named, who was twice Mayor of 
the eity and has htcn for many years one of 
its most proniinent Imsiness men. His estalilish- 
menl is located at No. 12t; North Fifth Street, 
and the store, which is 2'ixl3*> feet in dimensions. 
Is stiK'ked with a full line tif clothing and gents' 
furnishing goods. .Sie|» liy step, through single- of purpose and the practice of strict inl^-grily, 
he has climltod, niiind by round, the ladder of suc- 
ces.s, and now <K-cnpies a position among the 
most successful and inlluential citizens of i^uincy. 

The reader will Ih- interested in learning more 
ooiicerning Mr. Thompson :ts a man of liu>iness 
and public affairs, as well as a few facts of im- 
portance in regard to his ancestry. His father, a 
man of unusual ability, Thomas K. Thompson, was 
Itorn in N'irginia. and Iwcame one of the early 
settlers of Missouri, locating in Italls County in 
IS.'JC, Afterward, he remoNcd to Marion County, 
and there aided in organizing the Marion County 
.Savings Itank, in which he held the |)osition of 
I'resiiient from the time of its organisation until 
his death, which f)cc-nrivd in 1M74. The mother 
of our subject was .Margaret, daughter of Capl. 
Notley Williams, a soldier in the War of 1HI2, 
and he in turn was the son of Notley Williams, 
a Captain in the Kevolutionary War. 

In Italls County. Mo., near the city of llnnni- 
l«l, the subject of this skett-h was Intrn (>ctoli»"r 
27, |K41. lie was ediii-jited nl St. Paul- College. 

at I'alniyra. .Mn. When eighteen yeai> old, he 
c.nme to f^iiincy. where for two years lie engaged a.- 
ch-rk ill the -tore of Henry Hoot. After the Civil 
War commenced, he returned to .Missouri and lo- 
cated in ralmyra, where he engaged in the cloth- 
ing business for twelve years with considerable 
success. Keturning to t^nincy, he formed a part- 
nership with .lames B. Howies, under the linn name 
of Tliom|ison A- Itowles, a partnership which con- 
tinued for eight years an<l was then dissolved by 
mutual consent. Mr. Thompson has since con- 
ducted business alone and is ranked amoiii; the 
most progressiTe mercliantii of the city. 

A sket<-h of the life of Mr. Thompson would 
lie incomplete were not mention made of his valu- 
able service in In-half of his fellow-i-itizens. In 
\XXH. he w.-L-* elected Mayor of (jiiincy on the 
l)emoci-atic ticket by a majority of two thousiind 
and forty-five out of three thou.sand two hundred 
and one votes. His service was so .-atisfaclorx 
that he svas again elected in l«'.M>. During his ad- 
ministration many valuable improvements were 
added to (^iiincy, among them the buildiiiu of 
sewers and paving of street.-. He was instrumental 
in organizing what is known as the People's 
Ferry, and also t<Mik an active part in building a 
wagon road leading into .Marion County. In ad- 
dition to the Mayoralty, he has held other posi- 
tions of less importance, in all of which his -er- 
vices have been valuable. 

In IKG4. the marriage of Mr. Thompson and 
Miss .liilia IJroadwatcr, of St. Ixiuis, .Mo., took 
jilace. .Mis. Thompson is the daughter of the late 
Charles- 11. Broadwater, a former prominent citi- 
zen of Missouri, and the sister of Col.C. .\. Itroad- 
wjiter, decen.s<-d.of Helena, .Mont., who was largely 
interested in ranches, banks, mines and railroads 
in that section of country. Four children have 
been born to Mr. and .Mrs. Thompson, as follows: 
Annie H., wife of .Xlfred II. .Sililey, a capitalist re- 
siding in .St. Paul, .Minn.. an<l the son of (ien. 
Sibley; Tlioniius K., who assists his father in the 
store; Notley and Henry It. Sicially. .Mr. Tliomp- 
»vi\ is a prominent .Ma-son, iM-ing a memlier of 
• ^uiney I.o<lge No. 21>6, F. iV A. .M.. al-<i of i^uincv 
Chapter and .Maska Coinmandery, K. T. 

llulli a- an olllcial and :i inerchaiil .Mr. Tliomp- 



sou is an illnstiioiis example of what has l)eeii and 
may be aceomi)lisherl in (^uincv, and to his credit 
be it said that his dealings, whether of an olHcial 
or commercial nature, are at all times strictly 
honorable in all that the term implies. Personally, 
he is a verj- pleasant and companionable gentle- 
man of a refined disposition. Enterprise is a part 
of his character, and there is no one in this city 
who has the interests of the place more at heart 
than he. At all times, he is willing and anxious 
to contribute to all matters of interest and bene- 
fit to Q.uincy, and this fact alone has placed him 
pre-eminently in the front rank of popular men 
in this city. 

JOSEPH P. HARDY is one of the county's 
I most influential and enterprising farmers. 
He was born on the old Hardy homestead, 
on section 31, Keene Township, June 6,1837, 
and there makes his home. He conies of an old 
Virginia family. His great-grandfather removed 
from that State to Tennessee when Thomas 
Hardy, the grandfather, was quite young. The 
latter was a life-long farmer and died at the home 
of his son Baptist, at the age of sixt3'-eight 

The father of our subject, Baptist Hardy, was 
born in Overton Count}', Tenn., July .5, 1808, and 
married Tamer Patterson, who was born in North 
Carolina, but was reared in Tennessee. Soon after 
their marriage, he emigrated with his young wife 
to Illinois, locating in Sangamon County in 1829, 
where he spent the succeeding winter. In the 
spring he came to Adams County and settled near 
JIarcelline, where he remained one year. In the 
spring of 1831, he purchased a claim in Keene 
Township, on section 31, which be afterward 
entered from the Government. He was one of 
the first settlers in this locality. Building a log 
cabin, he began life in the pioneer style and 
experienced many of the hardships and trials of 

frontier life. Deer and other wild game were 
found in abundance, and Mr. Hardy often indulged 
his love of hunting. Quinc}', then a small collec- 
tion of log cabins, was tiie nearest market. Upon 
his land not a furrow had been turned, or an 
improvement made, but he develoi)ed a valuable 
farm, residing thereon from 1831 until 1873. 
His death occurred on liie 22d of July of that 
year. Mr. Hardy was prominently identified with 
the history of this community. He aided in the 
organization of the township, was its first Super- 
visor, and served for six j'ears. He was also 
Justice of the Peace, School Trustee and School 
Director for several years. His name was an index 
to his religious faith, and for many j-ears he was 
one of the prominent members and served as 
Deacon of the Baptist Church. Always a hard- 
working man, by his untiring industry he accumu- 
lated considerable propert}-. His wife, who also 
belonged to the Baptist Church, was called to her 
final rest in 1876. They lived to see all of their 
nine children grown and married. 

Our subject, the fifth in order of birth, was 
educated in the primitive schools of the frontier, 
and amid the wild scenes of frontier life was 
reared to manhood, remaining at home until 
twenty-one j'ears of age. In the spring of 1807, 
he went to Hancock County to improve a small 
tract of land. On the 22d of December of the 
following year, he married Cassandria McClung, a 
native of Preble County, Ohio, where her father 
died during her early girlhood. With her brother 
she came to Illinois in the spring of 1851. 

In the fall of 18.t9, Mr. Hardy located on his 
farm in Rock Creek Township, where he resided 
for five j'ears; he then sold and removed to 
Walker Township, in tiie same county. In Sep- 
tember, 1873, after the death of his father, he 
returned to Adams County, and took up his resi- 
dence on the old homestead, where he has since 
resided. He owns one hundred and forty-five 
acres of land, well improved and highly cultivated. 
He also devotes considerable attention to stock- 
raising, making a specialty of Short-horn cattle. 
Aside from his business interests, although he has 
led a busy life, he has found time to serve his 
fellow-townsmen in pulilic offices. He was Super- 




visor of Kcone Townsliip fur tliii-i' ve!ii>, wjt- Coin- 
mis-sioiior of Highways, .'umI whs VIiooI Trustee 
for six yt'His, niid ill llaiu'ock Comity lie served 
as 'rowMslil|i Clerk miiiI ('oinnii»ioiHM'. In politics. 
lie is a DeiiKiorat. 

I'lito Mr. .and Mrs. Ihirdy liave been liorii seven 
cliiidreii. live yet livinir: .I<h'I I)., Kinmii A.. 
Iteptist N.. ll.>sic I!., iiiid Willinni !.. Tnmer K. 
and Saimiel I", are now d('cea>ed. The faniilv is 
one of proinineiice in the coniiniinity and ranks 
liilfli in soeial eireles. Mr. Hardy i* a worthy 
repiesentative of an honored pioneer family, liiil 
his own merit is what has won him his excellent 
stjindinir and made him a progres.sive farmer, and a 
siilistautial and valiiecl citizen. 


LI\KU IIUWKS w!is born in Franklin 
County,, in 1799, and ti-aecd his an- 

eestry to an old family of the Bay .State. 
His grandfather was horn on Cape ( od and his 
wife was a native of .Massachusetts. The parents 
of our sulijeet, .Foseph and Kiiniee (Shnrtleff) 
Howes, iiad a family of eight sons and one daugh- 
ter. John, lK)rn in Mas.sachusetU< in 1796, mar- 
ried Kate Pringle. hv whom he had eight children; 
■lo.seph, horn in MassachuselLs in 1797, married 
Hepsebali Shurtleff, by whom he had seven children, 
and died in N'irginia in 1M91: Hiram, born in 
M.i.ssachusett> in l»t(l, died in ^'irginia in IH2(!; 
and Sila-s, born in 18((4, married .Mis,s Tinncy. 

'["he subject of this sketch was educated in 
.Mas,sjiehusetts, and as he one of a large family 
and his parents were in limited circumstances, he 
was early thrown upon his own resources. He 
worked in the cotton mills of the Hay .State until 
1H2I, when he removed to Virginia and served an 
apprenticeship to his father-in-law. learning the 
tanner's trade, which he followed until In 
that year, he emigrated to Schuyler County, III., 
and, purchasing land from the (Jovernnient, en- 
gaged in farming. He afterward bought a (xirtion 
of what was known as a military tract, this farm 

being located three and a-lialf miles ea«t of Clay- 
ton, in Brown County. He continued to improve 
it, erected excellent buildings and placed the llelds 
under a high stale of cultivation, there making his 
home until 1H(>9, when, on account of failing 
health, he retired from businos and became !i resi- 
dent of Clavtoii. where he spent the remainder of 
Ills days. 

In 1M22. .Mr. Ilowei married Nancy. dau;.'hler of 
.Varoii and I.ydi.-i (!oiild. The (iould family was 
f(uiiided in .\merica by ancestors who cros.sed in 
the •• .Ma\ llower." They became prominent in 
.New Kngland, and the grandfather was one of the 
heroes of the Revolution. The family of which 
,Mr>. Howes was a meml)er numliered the following 
children: Samuel, born in I7K2, married Kslher 
Weeks and died in Virginia in 1H27: .lames, U^rii 
in I 7h;!. married Khoda Bot.sworth and died in 
(Jhio; Hannah, born in 17M.'i, b<'came the wife of 
Joshua Morgan and died in Virginia in 1806; 
Daniel, born in I7KK, married Rebecca Strange and 
died ill N'irginia in lH2.'i; Kbenezer, Ixirn in 17X9, 
married Klizalieth Meeks and died in Illinois in 
184."i; .\aron, born in Ma.s.sai-husett.>i, in 1792. mar- 
ried Nicey \'incenl and died in Virginia in I«71; 
Lydia, Iwrn in .Massachusetts in 1791, became the 
wife of William Daris and died in lH.");t; Isabel, 
born in 179fi, liecame the wife of David Bush and 
died in 184,3; Mehitable, born In 1799. wedded 
William I'hillps and died in N'irginia in 1M72; 
.Sarah. Imiiii in 18ii2, became the wife of K. Ward 
and died in Illinois in 1849. 

.Mr. and Mrs. Ilowe> had a family of four chil- 
dren: .Mary Olive, born in Lewis County, \'a.. in 
1H2.'J, was educated in the common schools and re- 
mained with her father until his death, when she 
inherited his property. For lifty-five yeai>, she 
ha-< been a mcinl»er of the Presbyterian Church and 
has been an fxctive worker in the church and Suii- Rlioda <i., iKirii in N'irginia, in lS2t!, 
died at the age of sixteen years. Amy. born in 
Niiginia in 1H29. died in \x:W. 

For forty years. .NIr. Howes held meniliership 
with the I'resbyleriHii Church and was Klder in the 
church of Clavton from its organization until his 
death. He contribute<l lil>erally to its support, 
was a charitable ami benevolent man, and the poor 



and needy ever found in him a friend. In politics, 
lie was a Whig and afterward became a Republican, 
lie passed away in 1876, and his wife departed 
this life in 1883. This wortin' couple were higlily 
respected citizens and well deserve representation 
in this volume. 





ENRY S. WHITFORI). who is engaged in 
11 farming on section 7, Clayton Township, 
is numbered among the honored pioneers 
of this county, for since an early day he 
has been prominently identified with the history 
of the community. He was born in Kent County, R. 
I., December C, 1808, and his early life was spent in 
the State of his nativity, where he acquired his 
education in the common schools. 

October 20, 1829, Mr. Whitford was united in 
marriage with Miss Mary .Tames. The result of 
this union was one daughter, Mary, who was 
born in the year 1831. Mr. Whitford for his 
second wife Miss Sarah Ann Downing, their union 
being celebrated in 1840. They became parents 
of nine children: Albert, born in 1840, married 
Pauline Curry, and died at his home in Denver, 
Colo., in 1891; .lames, born in 1841, wedded Mary 
Reams, and is a farmer of Missouri; Asenath, born 
in 1843, died in infancy; Lydia, born in 1844, is 
the wife of Albert Peden, and resides in Missouri; 
Charles O., born in 184(), died in 1864; Edward 
C, born in 1848, married Emma Strickler, and 
makes his home in Missouri; .Tohn S., born in 18,50, 
is married and resides in Denver, Colo.; Harriet, 
horn in 18.52, died in 1870; Nancy, born in 1854, 
died in 18,57. The mother of this family was 
called to her final rest in 18;56, and in 1861 I\Ir. 
Whitford was married to Miss Myra C. Clark. 
Five children grace this union: Henry, born 
in 1861, is at home; Alice, born in 1862, is 
the wife of .lohn Wallace; Dora A., born in 1863, 
is at home; Fannie C, born in 186.5, married 
Charles Downing, and resides in Hancock Coiintv, 
111.; ami Daniel, born in 1867. is at home. 

The year 1833 witnessed the arrival of Mr. 
Whitford in this county. He located in Clayton 
Township, purchasing one hundred .and forty 
acres of land from the Government at $1.25 per 
acre. AVith characteristic energy, he began the de- 
velopment of his farm, transformed the wild 
prairie into rich and fertile fields and made many 
excellent improvements, and now has one of the 
finest farms of the community. It comprises 
three hundred and thirty acres of land valued at 
160 per acre. He also raises fine stock, making a 
specialty of cattle. 

Mr. AVhitford and a portion of his familj' are 
members of the Methodist Church, with which he 
has been connected for forty years. In politics, 
he was an old-liue AVhig, but since the organiza- 
tion of the Republican party has been one of its 
stanch supporters. He came to Adams County 
when there were but few families in Clayton 
Township, and for the long period of sixty years been identified with the growth and upbuild- 
ing of this communit}-, and has aided in its best 
interests. He has proved himself a valued citizen, 
.and is numbered among the honored pioneers jjf 
the countv. 

•^^ LISHA .1. VINSON was born on the 
im 30th of September, 1838, on the old Mnson 
/i — ^ homestead on section 7, Lima Township, 
where he now makes his home. He was seventh 
in order of birth in a faniil3- of ten children, eight 
of whom are still living. His parents, Isaac D. 
and Catharine (Orr) Vinson, were natives of Ken- 
tucky. In an early day, they determined to try 
their fortune in the West, and emigrated to Adams 
County, 111. They cast in their lot with tlie early 
settlers of Lima Township, and are numl)ered 
among the honored pioneers. Mr. Vinson iiur- 
chascd land, liuilt a log cabin, and made many 
substantial improvements upon his farm prior to 
his <lenlli, which occurred in 1844, at the age of 



fortv-M'vcii vt'ai>. llis wife Mirvivcd liiiii i'Ilt'i- 
toen yoai-s, iinsvsiiit,' away in I8fi'<i. 'I'liev wi'iv 
Imtli c-iiiisistout iiuMiilivi'^ of tlie lliiptisl Cliiircli 
:iii(l wt-ro highly ic.s|u'cti'<l pvopli-. 

Ill till- ii>iial inaniifr of fanner \iuh. tlic sulijwt 
of lliis ski'tcli was reared to muiiliooil, and liis 
education was ae<|iiii'ed in a lo>i ("cliool house, fur- 
nished with slab scat*. The sehoot was eonthicted 
on tlie sul>sei'i|ition plan. Me remained at home 
untd he was twenty-three years of n«fe. and in 
|.S(!1 sinrted out in life for himself. The oeeiiim- 
tion to which lie was reared he hiis since followed. 
lie purchased a small farm in Lima Township and 
upi rated it for five years, and then l>oiii;lit the 
old homestead, one half of which lies within the 
coriwration limits of Lima. It lias since lieen his 
home, and the well-improved farm attests the 
su])ervision of a careful manar;er. Within its 
houndaru^'* are comprised two hundred and seventy 
acres of arable and valualilc land under a liiirh 
.«tate of cidtivation. In connection with {fcneral 
farming. Mr. X'inson has been interested in stock, 
and each year raises eonsideralilo cattle and hogs. 
He is a man of good business ability and e.\cellent 
judgment, and the Vinson homestead is considered 
one of the model farms of .Vdams County. 

On the 2d of .lanuary, IHCl, Mr. \'inson mar- 
ried Achsah Ormsbee. a native of Indiana, 
and a daughter of Robert and Klizabelli (Cherry) 
Ornijbee. Her father wjis born in Indiana and 
her mother in Kentucky. They emigrated t4i 
Adams C <iiinty. III., in 18."i!t,liut the father was not 
long permitted to enjoy his new home, his death 
(Kturringa few weeks later. His wife longsurvived 
him. passing away in February. IK'.tl. They had 
four children, but only two arc now living. Mr. 
and Mrs. N'inson have a family of three children: 
Isaac N., who is married ami lives on a farm iic'ir 
by; .Millie and .lames S., at home. 

.Mr. X'inson takes an active interest in political 
.•itTaii>. and is one of the prominent supporters of 
the Democracy in this community. He has held 
a number of local offlces, the duties of which were 
ever promptly and favorably performed, and has 
been an earnest worker for the sujiporl of his 
party. .Socially, he is a member of Lima Lodge 
No. i:»o, A., y. A- A. M. Although he .storted out 

ill life in limitt'd cireumstances, he is now one of 
the well-to-do and (trosperous farmer* of Lima 
Township, and throughout the community he is 
held in high esteem. 


t, KV. ANSKLMIS MCKLLEH, President of 
St. Francis College, t^uincy, born in 
I$onn, (lermany, November 22, \H:\H, and 
\@ even in boyhood won an enviable reputa- 
tion for brilliancy and faithfulness, which placed 
him on the high road to success. He was the 
eldest son of an old-fashioned family of nine chil- 
dren b(»rn to Charles and (iertrudc ( I'rolittlich) 
Mueller, both of whom were natives of the Father- 
land. They passed their entire lives in (iermany, 
and were highly esteemed as cili/ens and neigh- 

The boyhood and early school days of our subject 
were spent at Bonn, and when only ten veal's of 
ago he entered the (gymnasium there, displaying 
an avidity for learning and a willingness to adapt 
himself to circumstances which were distin- 
guishing traits of his character. He left college in 
18.")", subsequently joined the order of Francis- 
(;ans, and there completed his studies. |{y his 
superiors he was sent, in 1H62. to the I'nited 
Stales. He to()k pas-age at Hamburg on the 
st<.'ainer " .Saxonia," and landed in New York City 
May 1() of the same year. 

From the F.mpire City our subject went to Tcn- 
topolis, Llllngham County, III., and at that place 
he was ordained a priest, in IHr>2, by Hishup 
llfiiiy I). .Iiiiiker. Following this, he spent one 
year as a teacher in Teutopolis College, and in 
lKt;:Jcame to (jiiincy, III., where he lx>came Presi- 
dent of St. Francis College. He has developed 
the highest (pialities as an educator. His ripe cul- 
ture, his enthiisiastie, stimulating mind, his hearty 
convictions, combined with attractive methods of 
instruction, have made him one of the successful 
and inlluential educators. In the enthusiastic pur- 
suit of his profession. Father Mueller has awakened 



public sentiment to a higher appreciation of the 
benefits of a thorough education, that will bring 
renown to his memory as well as satisfaction to 
his highest aspirations. The college has made 
continuous and permanent progi'ess since he ac- 
cepted his position, it l)eing at that time only 
a da\-school witii eighteen scholars. However, 
after a struggle for several years, it obtained a 
solid footing and is now a thriving institution. 
The present buildings, wliicli are (piite extensive, 
were colnpleted in 1871, and the college proper 
commenced. It now has an enrollment of two 
hundred and twenty-flve advanced scholars, and 
here Father Mueller's peculiar capabilities shine 
forth ill their brightest splendor. 

The commercial course of this institution is 
completed in four years, the classical course in 
six years, and the ])hilosophical in two years. 
The college consists of a large brick building lo- 
cated on Vine Street, between Eighteenth and 
Twentieth Streets. Father Mueller's many gradu- 
ates never forget the impress of his teachings or 
the versatility of his genius, while his teachers 
.and assistants repose implicit reliance on his supe- 
rior judgment, untlagging zeal, and the ceaseless 
devotion he manifests for the promotion of edu- 
cational inipiii\'i'inent and progress of social re- 

ARTIN HEIDERICH. Among those who 
\ were the architects of their own for- 
tune and who carved out a home for 
themselves on a foreign soil and among a 
strange pcoiilc, may lie mentioned Mr. Heiderich, 
wlio tirsl saw tlie light of day in the kingdom of 
Prussia, (Germany, January 24, 1830, being the 
youngest in a family of four sons. Up to the age 
of fourteen years, he resided in the place of his na- 
tivity, then went to tiie city of Meinz, where he 
learned the art of paper-hanging and upholster- 
ing, and being thoroughly familiar with these very 
necessary occupations, he came to America in 1848, 

landing at the Crescent City, where he was en- 
gaged in contracting for house furnishing through- 
out until 185(), when he became a resident of 

In this city he at once began buying and sell- 
ing grain, but soon discontinued this business to 
engage in the manufacture of smoking tobacco. 
After disposing of this stock of goods, he formed 
a partnership with Col. Rawlins and began manu- 
facturing plug tobacco, liut later sold out this 
stock also. Succeeding this, he associated himself 
with John Dick, under the firm name of Dick A 
Heiderich, and for two years thereafter they were 
extensively engaged in pork-packing. Afterward, 
he returned to his former occupation of man- 
ufacturing plug tobacco, being associated in busi- 
ness with T. H. Collins, and was thus connected 
until 1887. In 1881, he associated himself with 
John 11. ]5rinkop, and manufactured plug toliacco 
machines until 1886, two years later becoming 
President of the l^uincy Metal Wheel Company, 
which position he held until called from life in 

Mr. Heiderich was President of the German Insur- 
ance Company, of (.^uincy ; was Director of the Mul- 
linerBox and Planing Company, of Quincy;a Di- 
rector of the Newcomb Hotel; a Director of the Col- 
lins Plow Company ;President of the Quincy Pressed 
Brick Company; a Director of the Quincj' Loan, 
Savings and Building Association; a Director of 
the Quincy Turner Society; a Director of the 
Highland Park Company, and socially was a mem- 
ber of Herman Lodge No. 39, A. F. & A. M. and a 
member of Pride of the West Lodge No. 94, A. O. 
U. W. In every respect he was a most estimable 
citizen, and when called upon to do good he re- 
sponded for the sake of doing good. In every 
enterprise in which he engaged, he manifested 
keen business instincts and was ever the soul of 
honesty, and possessed unbounded greatness of 
heart. He thoroughly identified himself with 
American interests, and as a citizen of this great 
Republic he was loyal and true. He was filled 
with the " milk of human kindness," and where 
he professed friendship he was lo^-alty itself. 
His business affairs were ever conducted upon 
honorable principles, and the esteem and respect 

rOHTRAIT AM) nUMiHAl'IIK Al. |{i:(<lRI). 


in wliicli liP wius liehl l>y all who knew liini wen- 
nn I'xrelU'nt tt'iirt*' lo Uix many worthy altriliutt's 
of hfiirt nnil head. 

In May, 1861), he wm> united in inari'ia<;e 
to Mis!i (lertiiide Sehhij;, ihiuf;hter of .lohn 
and KlizaU'th Schlag. of <^uinev. and liy her 
he bt'ciinic tlic father of live eliihlren. four of 
whom are livini;: Aiine." K.. Stn-retury »>f the 
t^iiiney l're.s-<ed Hriek C'om|iany; U. M. Walter, 
F^mma and Martin Henry. His widow and family 
are residing at No. :VMi .S)Uth 'I'welftli Street. 

V . 

/ ■ 

♦ i iz l- nr t / 

\ M I K I. V . It .\ I. I) W I N i> a member 
of the lirni of iSaldwin IJros.. of (^uine\', 
and IS eng^iged in the nianufaetiire of hal- 
~^ loons and parachutes, whieh he has found 
to lie a iirolilalile liusine,s.«. Mr. lialdwin lias heen 
a ivsideiil of <iiiiiiev all his life, and was here horn 
()et<ilier II, IN.'jT. His honorahle and upright 
eonduet has won him not only the respeet luit 
the sineere liking of a wide circle of aci|uaiul!Uices. 
He was the eldest in a family of four children 
born to the inarriage of .Samuel Y. Italdwin and 
.lennie SydLMithem, and in the town of his birth 
his initiatory training was ulKnined in the coni- 
moll-schools. which he attended until he attained 
his lifleenth \ear. He was a bright and indiistri- 
uus pupil while in school, made fair progress in 
his studies, and linisheil his literary education in 
the (Jem City |{u>iiiess College of (^uincv. where 
he earnestly pursued his studies for two \cais, 
and was graduated in lK7(i. 

I'MMiig a young man of rather advriituii>u> ami 
ruving disiKisition. Mi. Haldwin came to the cmi- 
elusion that as a inemlier of a circus troup he 
eoulii gain considerable experience and knowh'dge 
of the world, as well as see a great deal of the 
country, and for three yeai> he traveled with 
a circus. In 1871). he In-gan giving street ex- 
hibitions of rojie walking and general gyninaittic 
performances, in which he was very prolicieut. 

and conducted these exhibitions in every State 
and Territory of the Tnion. The life, though 
hard, was full of adventure and interest. In 
I8r<7, Mr. Iliddwin determined to add to his other 
ha/.ardous undertiikings the callini,' of the aero- 
naut, and, becoming thoroughly familiar with 
every part of the hydrogen gas ItalhHUi, he made 
a series of successful ascensions. It was diirin;; 
this time that Mr. Italdwin conceived the idea of 
jumping from his balloon and descendii.g to the 
earth by incaii> of a parachute, and no sooner was 
the idea conceived then he U-gaii making prejiar- 
atioiis to put it in execution, and his trial leap 
was made at i^uincy, at an elevation of ten thou- 
sand feet, which was the longest jump on recoril. 

To one who,v-.ed less courage, nerve and 
cool-heailediievs than Mr. Italdwin, such a life 
would have lieen impossible, but with him it wa.s 
a inatt«r of course, and although he always took 
the greatest care in completing and perfecting his 
arrangeiiienls, he was fearless and daring, .\fter 
his lirst successful leap he traveled tlirouglioul 
the country and gave exhibitions in many of the 
largest cities of the I'liited Stales. This life be- 
came irksome to him after a while ami lit- deildrd 
to settle ijuietly down in some business, and in 
18K'.), in parlnei'ship with his brother 'I'homas. he 
embarked in the manufacture of Imlloons and par- 
.•ichiit«'s. his long experience with each tinineiitly 
titting him for this (Kviipation. Their works are 
located on Hampshire Street, between Fifth and 
Sixth Streets, ami have a capacity of forty balloons 
per season, which are of a very superior ipiality, 
and are prolltably sohl throughout .America and 

Ill politics, Mr. Italdwin ha> always Ih-cii a 
stanch DenuH'iat, is an admirer of Cleveland, 
•ind strongly opposes a protective tariff. He is a 
llieliiber of |todle\ Lodge No. I. .\. I'". A' .\. M.. ill 

which worthy order he is a Knight Templar, be- 
longs to Lodge No. t L K. I'., and is a mem- 
lier of the Turiiei>'.and the Kiremeirs Ilenevolent 
.S<iciet\ . ill all of which he i> a >\oilh.\ and useful 

In the fall of 1^78. Ml. Ituldwin w:l> united 
in inarriage with Miss EliiudM-lh. dautihter «if 
John Wheeler, of (^uiney. and their union has 



resulted in the birtli of four children, one of 
whom. Charley, is deceased. Those living are 
Samuel Y., Florence and Car}-. Mr. Baldwin 
has a pleasant home at No. 1217 Vermont Street, 
where he and his wife warmly welcome their nu- 
merous friends. His reputation as a man of honor 
has always been of the best, and in the town 
where he has always lived and where the people 
have had every opportunity to form their opinion 
as to his character, nothing has ever been said 
derogatory to his good name. He is sincere in 
his friendships, and is a kind and considerate hus- 
liand and father. 

^^EORGE R. REYNOLDS. The gentleman 
'II J-—, whose name introduces this sketch is now 
^^^ living on section .33, Houston Township, 
and is a prominent and successful farmer, having 
a large and excellent farm, lying on both sides of 
the road between Camp Point and Houston Town- 
ship, which shows good cultivation. He was born 
in Litchfield County, Conn., March 6, 1834, and 
his father, Horace Reynolds, was horn in East 
Ilaitford, Conn., January 27, 1790; the grand- 
father, Charles Reynolds, was also a native of this 
State. The latter served for seven years in the Rev- 
olutionary War, and after the war was over settled 
down to his trade of blacksmith. His son, Horace, 
the father of our subject, was one of four daugh- 
ters and four sons, only one now living. He fol- 
lowed in his father's footsteps in the choice of a 
trade, becoming a blaeksmitli. which business he 
followed for fifty years. 

AVhen fieorge was but a year old, his father re- 
moved from Winsted, Conn., to Houston, Adams 
County, III., where he i)urchased land and settled, 
being one of the lirsl settlers of Houston, Town- 
ship. The land on which he settled was wild 
prairie, but he built a log house and iinpioved 
two hunrlrcd acres of land. The land w.ns full 
of game of all kinds — deer, wolves and differ- 
ent varieties of birds, He died Eel.>ruary 'j, 1883, 

aged ninety-three years. His wife, to whom he 
was married October 11, 1815, by the Rev. Dr. 
Lyman Beeeher, was a Miss Annie Culver, born in 
1792, at Litchfield, Litchfield County, Conn. She 
survived her husband two years. Their happy 
married life lasted sixt3'-eight years. Mrs. Horace 
Reynolds was a Congregationalist in religion. Her 
husband had no means when he came to this State, 
but by hard work, both on his farm and in the 
little blacksmith shop that he had on the farm, he 
accumulated a large .amount of property, and was of 
great service to his neighbors in those early days, 
as he did a large and successfvd in the 
shop, and was ever read}* to attend to their wants. 
They had ten children, seven now living. 

George Ro3-nolds was the youngest of the chil- 
dren, and was a mere babe when brought to 
this State. He attended school in the old pioneer 
log house during the winter months. This prim- 
itive schoolhouse replaced in time, by a neat 
frame one. . He followed the .same trade as his 
father and grandfather, working in the shoi) in 
the winter months and on the farm in the summer. 
In the spring of 18.')/), he and his brother Henry 
took the old shop in partnership for five 3'ears, and 
in 1860 Henry went to California, but George re- 
mained at home in the shop for three years longer. 
In 1863, he went to Hancock County and en- 
gaged in farming, having bought one hundred 
and ninety acres of land and there he remained until 
March, 1865, when he removed to this count}-, 
settling near Mendon, remaining four yeais. In 
1870, he removed to Houston Township. 

Mr. Reynolds was married, January K!, 1862, to 
Margaret Simpson, of Rushville, Schuyler County, 
111., daughter of John and Margaret (McComb) 
Simpson, the former of whom was a fanner, who 
came from Ireland vvlien ayoung man, and the latter 
was from Philadelphia, Pa. Mr. and Mrs. Reynolds 
have had six children: Annie M., George S., Henry 
G., Horace, John O., and Elodie, but Horace is de- 
ceased. Mr. Reynolds is a Republican in politics, 
believing that in that party is the hope of the 
Nation. The family are good and conscientious 
members of the Fnited Brethren Church. 

Mr. Reynolds has four hundred and thirty acres 
of l.'Uid in one body, in scctio)! 4, Camp Point, 

I-OKIKAIT AM) l(l(»(.KAl'iri( AI. I{K( <)R1>. 


and tlircp IiiiiuIiihI niiil thirty-five acres <if land in 
llonston 'rowii.sliiii. lie lias raised >l<n'k. i-altle 
and lii>p> in jjreat nuinln-rs. 

Tlie family i> an olrl one, liavinp oonie over in 
the "Mayllowcr." Mr. Heynolds is a worthy citizen 
and a giMid, hard-working man. who is an honor 
and civdit to the county in which he lives. 



©~ A STAR FKKim |{(;. There are many 
(ierman re>i(U'nt« in t^uincy.and prominenl 
among them is the siilijecl of our sketch- 
lie is a nu-nibcr of the firm of Freiliuri.'iV Schutleis, 
dealers in boots and shoes. lie was Ixirn in 
Westphalia, (iermany, March 2, 1847. His fa- 
ther, named Christopher, was horn in the same 
place and wa.s a farmei. lie was in the war with 
Napoleon and died at the age of eighty-se>ien. 
The name of his wife was ( lertrude Koeniir, and 
she died in .hine, 1K»8. ajjed sevinty-four ycai-s. 
These parent* left eight children, all of whom are 
living. They are. Mary, now Mrs. Krner. of 
t^uincy; .loseph. a retired grocer of (^uincy; 
(Jertrude, living in Westphalia, flermany; .lohn, 
who served in the (lerman army against the 
French and lost a leg, live? in the Fatherland he 
has served so well; Catherine, now Mrs. Hrunii- 
well, lives in <;uincy: Tiiercsa. Mrs. Freiliurg, re- 
mains in (iermany: and Henry, who i> in tlie 
empltiy of our subject. 

C.i.>ipar Freiliuig received a coniMion-school edu- 
cation in (iermany, and when fourteen 3eai> old 
wa« apprenticed to aslioi*maker until he was seven- 
teen, when he concluded to come to .Vmerica. "the 
land of the frc*-."' He very naturall\' wished to 
csca|)o militjiry oppr(>ssion, and so in .Vpril, IH6'i, 
he left Itremen in the sti-:im>liip " Ilansn," and 
landed in .New Yoik, May 'i. and came on to 
(^uinoy. lie secured employment in this place 
with liis brother-in-law, Mr. I'"rner. lie worked 
steadily at hi^ trade until the year lt<7'.i, when 
Mr. Krner retiretl. lie remained with the llrm 
until |M8i), when he Ijought a one-half interest, 

and the (irm liecame Met/ger iV Freibiiri;. This 
was carried on with sutves.s until the rieatli of .Mr. 
.Met/ger, .lune '.t, IHHN. Then Mr. Schutleis c.ime 
in as a partner, and now the lirm is .i.>^ (riven in the 
o|)ening of this article. They carry lUi the hirge>t of their kind in the cit\, and their building 
is 211x100 feet. 

Mr. Freiburg has paid cIom- and careful atten- 
tion to his work, and although he started in life 
with a <lcbl of fllO, he now owns valuable real 
estate in the city. I>e»ide his nice residen<'e, No. ."i2o 
S«'veiith Street. 

Our subject w.i> married liere in 1881, to Miss 
Kate Kiefer, a daughter of Frank Kiefcr. who 
resides here. Their home ha.* l>eeii lilessfd with 
five children, Frank, Mary, Katie, Clam, and .Max. 

Mr. Freiburg is a memlier of St. I'eter's Western 
Catholic rnion, and wasone of iLs organizei-s. He 
wa.s first tenor in the .St. Itonifacc Chuivli in 186.'), 
and was a iiieii:lier of the Mannechoir for yeai>. 
He is a HenuK-rat, out and out, and Iuls l>een 
several times a |ietit juror. His merry disposition 
makes him many friends, and those made he never 


KoUt.K W. ( VKI s. Tliis geiitlcnmn is 
- prominent in the public, s<K-ial and literary 
life of this county, as the well-known pa|K-r. 
the ('<iiiiji 1*1)11)1 Jiturnal, has this talented imlivid- 
ual i\» its editor. 

Tennessee luis contributed very largel\ to the 
population of this M-ction. and the father of our 
subject was a native of that State. The lirst 
memlH'i'sof the family in this (.oiintry are suppi>s«-d 
to have come over to .Vmerica from Walo and 
settled in the .State of Nrw .lei>ey. and from there 
.Matthew Cyrus, the grandfather of our subject, 
came to Illinois in the 'iOs mid settled near 
.lacksonville. which wa.< then the principa'l city in 
the West. He wils a pioneer farmer there, and liveil 
ill .leiX'X County a while and (hen went to 
Montgomery Ctuinty. where he dieil .-il an ad- 
vanced age. 



The father of our subject was a boy when his 
parents came to Illinois, and his education was 
all obtained in the district school until be came 
to Jacksonville, where he attended the college. He 
then went to Rushville and became a clerk in 
a store for a few years, and wlijle there he was 
married to Miss Athaliah Ruddle, of Kentucky. 
After the death of her parents, she came to stay 
with her sister at Rusiiville, and in 1836 she mar- 
ried Henry A. Cyrus. The young people moved 
to Adams County and located in Houston Town- 
shi]), where he purchased a (juarter-seetion of good 
land. He then went into partnership with Mr. Ben- 
ton, and laid out the town of Houston, but this 
never prospered. He was one of the first to settle 
in this township, but his life was a short one, as 
he died in 1847, much lamented, as he was widely 
and very favorably known, and was a faithful 
meraberof the Christian denomination. The mother 
of our subject was married again, to .John Gault, 
but had no children and died in 1888, at the age 
of eighty-two years. She was also a member of the 
Christian Church. 

Mr. Cyrus, of this sketch, was born in Adams 
County, 111., March l,o, 1842. He received a com- 
mon-school education, and it was obtained in the 
old pioneer log house with the slab benches, and 
probably he enjoyed it more, and was no doubt 
healthier than the lads of the present day in their 
gas and steam heated rooms, with the patent venti- 
lation which keeps the sewer poison in the ele- 
gantly fitted schoolrooms as effectually as it keeps 
the fresh air out. However, there was too little in- 
struction to suit the ambition of ]\Ir. Cyrus, and at 
the age of eighteen he became a teacher himself, 
and for eight winters taught tiie district school. 

Desiring a wider lield, Mr. Cyrus went as far as 
Kansas City in 18.')8, and made that stirring capi- 
tal his home, and engaged in v.-nious employments. 
In 18()1, he returned to this county and recom- 
menced farming in Houston Township, and in 1867 
he moved into Camp Point and engaged in the 
drug business, which lieconlinued for several years. 
In 1873. lie and TlinniMs l!;iil(y purchased the ma- 
terial which had been used for the printing of a 
paper, and they started the Canqj Point JnuriutL 
In 1877, Mr. Cyrus purchased the entire office, and 

has since been editor and proprietor. The Journal 
is a six colnnm (piarto, and is a fine local paper. 
Mr. Cvrus now has the best equipped newspaper 
office in the State, for any town of this size. The 
paper has attained a large circulation, and has a 
wide influence. 

Our subject was married in 1863. to Miss Emily 
C. Strickler, of Adams County. Mrs. Cyrus is a 
devout member of the Methodist Episcopal Church, 
and the whole family is prominent in the social 
circles of Camp Point. They have two children, 
Annie, who has attended tlie University of Illinois 
at Ciiampaign. where she p.aid special attention to 
art. and from wiiich department she was graduated 
in 18SMI. and .Jessie, who is the accomplished wife of 
Prof. .J. W. Creekmur, the Principal of the IMaple- 
wood School of Cam|) Point. 

]\Ir. Cvrus has been called upon to serve his 
county in the office of Supervisor, and he is now 
serving his seventh term. He belonged to the 
order of INIasons since his youth, is a Knight Temp- 
lar, a member of the Independent Order of Odd 
Fellows and Knights of Pythias, and is highly re- 
garded in .all. He is the owner of a nice farm of 
two hundred acres, one bundled of which are com- 
prised in the old Cyrus homestead, section 34, Hous- 
ton Township. 

^O most enterprising young merchants of the 
Gem City is the subject of the following 
sketch. He is located at No. 536 South 
Twelfth Street, and <leals in stoves and hardware. 
The father of our subject was born in(;erniany 
and came to (^uincy when but a young man, 
starting the business which his son now carries 
on. The father, Conrad, was a man who lived a 
ipiiet life, attending to his business, and before 
his death in 188X lie had bec<ime very firmly es- 
tal)lislied here. The Lutheran Church lost in him 
a valued member, He was a Republican in his 


POKTHAIT AM) UK •( . i; \ n 1 1( Al. KKCORD. 


politicnl upinioiis. Tbe mother of our subject 
wa.s iiitnicd llniinnli llngeiiinii, nml t-nnic from nii 
old fiiiiiily in (•oriiitiiiv of tlint nniiie. 

Our t^ulijfct wft.'i till- foiirtli in orik-r of birth of 
»ix oliiUlri-ii niul lind the advaiitag<?!> of the public 
scIkm)!,-* until lii.-i liftfentli year, wlicii lii- was 
plat-od al the trade of tiiisuiitii. utitU-i' his father, 
where lie remained until lie was his father's suc- 
cessor. He has conducted the liusiness very suc- 
cessfully, and supplies the Ir:nie with a tine article 
of sheet-irtm roothifjr. 

Mr. Scheipcrins,' is a valued uiemher of the Free 
and .Accepted Masons, and is Kecording Secreljiry 
of the Mutual Aid Society of Illinois, lie i> u 
stiuieh Kepuhlican in politics, and is a youn^' man 
who will prohahly be heard from in the future 
commercial life of this city. 

— N- 

l{«i. C. C. MII.I.EK. M. I). The Held of 
science is ably represented by the lady 
ill A whose name heads this sketch, for in the 
discharge of her professional duties she 
has shown herself to be thoroughly \ersed in 
medical lore, and that she possesses a natural apti- 
tude for the callingcnn no Uniger be doubted when 
one has once employed herscrvices. She posses.'-es 
that sympathetic and soothing manner that is so 
essential in a sick-room, has the faculty of gaining 
the conlidenc-e of her patients, ■md never fails to 
correctly diagnose a 

Dr. Miller was born in Ireland, her natjil cnuiily 
lieing Donegal, where she first .saw the light of <lav 
June 24, 18-l(i. .She was the only daughter in a 
family of five children born to .lames II. and Susjin 
(.McCioskey ) llealey, who. in 1H|(), sought a home 
for theni.selves on a foreign shore and in a strange 
lan<l. They landed at New YoikCity. where thev 
reniaiued a short time; then the father, who was a 
practicing physician, sought a new field in Chicago, 
where he was in the active practice of his profes- 
sion for eight yeai>. From that city, they re- 
moved to I'eoria. III.. and placed their daughter in 

.1 -<l<ct school of that place, which she attended 
with pidlil up to the age of fourteen years. .She 
was very ambitious to obtain a line ediieation. and 
to this end she, in IM.'iM, .sjiiled for Kngland and 
entered (Gregory College, London, where she pur- 
sued her studies with the l>est results for six years, 
gr.aduating in 18(il. She then returned to the 
home of her adoption anil at once entered upon 
the practice <»f medicine in I'eoria, 111., and so 
sucressfnl has she been as a clisciple of the " heal- 
ing art." thai her name has become a familiar 
household wortl wherever she h.a.s opened an olllcc. 
During a residence in <^iiincv for many years. 
Dr. Miller has built up a reputation that is an 
iiiinnr to her determination :ind push as well :ls 
to her sex. She h.-ts ably demonstrated the fact 
that women can reaji rich rewards in whatever 
field of labor they may choose to enter, and her 
example is worthy of emulation by many ytiuiig 
women who are eking out a scanty existence in 
the large cities of the I'nited States. .'sepl»'ml)er 
1.3, ISCti. she wius married to Lawrence Lockrag, 
and by him became the mother of three children. 
She was left a widow in 1K77. and on the IKth of 
.May. lMy.'>. was unite<l in marriage with Kiehard 
Miller. The Doctor is still conducting a general 
practice, which amply occupies her time. .She and 
her husband have a very cozy and comforUible 
home at No. 217 \'erinoiil .Street, where numerous 
personal. a.s well as professional, friendsare warmly 


OlIN W < il.l'l!. .\ii avured pcoition among 
the farmers of this eoniity is that held by 
.Mr. Wolfe, who is successfully prost-eiilinsi 
his calling on section 1m. Liberty Town- 
ship. His esUite. which furnishes to him the 
means with which to secure all the comfort.'^ of life 
and to make provision for his declinitigyears. con- 
sists of two huiitlred acres. It* owner has erect»'d 
theieon all the necessary tuitbiiildings. together 
with a comfortable residence, and supplied it with 



good improvements and the minor conveniences 
and attractions of a farm liome. On every part 
of tlie estate the evidences of intelligent manage- 
ment may be seen, and the surroundings of the 
residence indicate tlie presence of refined woman- 
hood and her controlling hand in the household 

The birth of ]Mr. AVolfe took [Jace in I'nion 
County, this State, August 6, 1811, and thus he is 
one of the oldest living residents of Adams 
County. His parents, George and Annie (Hun- 
suker) Wolfe, were natives of Lancaster County, 
Pa., and Morgantown, AV.Ya., respectively. They 
were both born in the year 1780, and when a lad 
of seven years, the father of our subject accom- 
panied his parents to Favette County', Pa. In 
1800, they located in Logan Count}', Ky., wliere 
his marriage with ]\Iiss Ilunsuker occurred three 
years later. 

John Wolfe of this sketch was the fifth in order 
of birth in the parental family of eight children, 
three of whom died in infancy. Those who grew to 
mature years are: Mary, who was born in Ken- 
tucky, and married Eli Everett, in this county, in 
1832; Jacob, who was also born in the Blue Grass 
State, is now deceased; David died in Adams 
County, leaving one son and two daughters; our 
subject, and Barbara, who married John McClin- 
tock, in 1835; the latter, together with her hus- 
band, is also deceased. 

The parents of our subject on coming to this 
State located in what is now Union County, in 
1808, where they followed farming. His paternal 
grandparents, George and Catherine (Schrower) 
\\'olfe, were born in Pennsylvania, while their 
parents came from Germany and made their home 
in Maryland. The maternal grandparents of our 
subject, Jacob and Catherine (Bowman) Ilunsuker, 
were l)oni in the Fatherland, where they were 
farmers by occupation. 

lie whose name heads this sketch came to Adams 
C()\nity in August, 1831, and made his home on 
section 18, Liberty Township, where he has since 
resided, lie was accompanied on the journey 
liitlierby his i)arents, who after living here for a 
nuinbi!r of years died. The lady to whom ]Mr. 
\V(i|fe was married, in IMJl, was Miss Amanda, 

daughter of George F. Wheeler, and was born in 
Grant County, Ky. Her father took up his abode 
in this country as early as 1833. He was one of 
the sulist-antial residents of this section, was 
interested in all worthy enterprises, and kind in 
his intercourse with his fellow-men. 

To our subject and his wife have been born 
eight children, two of whom are deceased, Eliza- 
beth, and one who died unnamed. Those living 
are William A., who makes his home in Indian 
Territory; Annie, who is at home; George W., 
who is farming in this county; Louie C, who 
married B. F. Brett, of Loraine, this State; Pamelia 
F., who is the wife of John Metz; and Prudence 
E., who married John Jackson. 

In his political affiliations, our subject voted 
with the Democratic party till 1888, at which 
time he allied himself with the Prohibitionists. 
With his wife, he is a consistent member of the 
German Baptist Church, in which denomination 
Grandfather Wolfe and his brother David were 

"^ OSEPII FREIBURG. This gentleman is the 
leading undertaker of Quincy. He has the 
finest funeral decorations, rooms and turn- 
out in this city. Notwithstanding his 
solemn business, he is a very genial, pleasant and 
accommodating man. He was born in the city of 
Allendorf, Westphalia, Prussia, May 11, 1840. 
His father, Joseph, was also born there, and his 
grandfather, Joseph, was a farmer of the same 
place. The I'atiier was an architect and engaged 
in building and contracting on a large scale. 
He died there in the Catholic faith, in 1868, 
aged seventy-two. His wife, Margaret Schulte, 
was born in the same place, and died there, aged 
seventy-six. They left five children, all of whom 
are living, two in Germany and three in l^iuincy, 
111. They are Anton, who is a farmer in Germany, 
where his sister Katherine also resides; Henry is in 



tllP .■>lM>f III. Ill III :iii III 111^ liii~iln»>; .ll>)»Oph livi'> ill 

(^iiincv. aiwi Kred is t'lij.'njji'il in tin- iniiiiiifnctiir*- 
of Collins Ml tlip sniiu- city. 

•lowpli wjL-i r:UM'd in (Icriiiaiiv and ediu-aU'cl 
tliiTo !il llic i-iiiiiiiion sfli(Hil>. Wlii'ii lifU'i'ii yt'nrs 
old, in- wa-s ii|)|iiviitii-cd jus n cnltinot-inakor for 
tliri'c veal's, lie continued lus a journeyman for 
two yeai-s more and then entered llie (Jernian 
army in tlie Wesi|ilialia Artillery, and served 
three years, from l.sf.l to ISC:?. In l«tM, war 
broke oiil in Schleswiir-llolslein. lie again enliste<I. 
and si'rved in the artilieiv through the war. lie 
was wounded in the .-kiill, hut he eoiitinued light- 
ing until the eh>se of the luittle. lie was in every 
Iwttle for (Hie year and ii-eeived four medals for 
meritorious service in the war. They are very 
Hne pieces of workinansiiip and serve to show 
that his services were appreciated liy his com- 
manding ollicers. lie returned home and worked 
at his trade until .hine, 1M(!(>, when he came l>y 
steamer to New York. He reached Ohio .Iiine 29, 
and thereentered the service of Mr. .htsper.i-aliiiiet- 
maker. From there he went to the linn of IJoston 
iV Fallue as cahiuet-maker. .\ftcr that lie went 
into the furniture factory of Mr. .lamseii, and re- 
mained there alKuit ten years, the last year a.s 
foreman in thc> shipping department. In IK7(!, 
he stjirted in tlie undertaking and retail furni- 
ture husines,-., and also doe.s his manufacturing. 
Like the sensible man that he is, he U'gan on a 
small scale, hut iiis business so grown that he 
has the largest stoi-k in the city, and runs his own 
lior&es and liearse». He has the tiiiesi span of full 
black horses, and the finest two hearses with 
drajiories in the county. 

Mr. Freiburg owns the prf)|>erly at No. Kll 
Main .Street, in which he has one s|>ecial room for 
funeral decorations, which are very elaborate. 
He ha> also started in the embalming biisiiics.- 
:ind doe* work in this department, hav- 
ing the licst trade in the city. In l«'.t2, Mr. I'lci- 
liiirg took his two sons, .loseph and lleiiiN , iiiln 
partnei>liip. They are practicjil undertaker.- and 
understand the business thoroughly. 

Mr. Freiburg wa-^ married in (Jerniany, in l«ri('i, 
to Miss Kliza t^uenkcrt, Imrn in (iermany. They 
liave had six children, whose names are, Joseph, 

lltiiik, Annie, ncrnniil, ll> 

.Mr. Freiburg is a iueinl>er of the We-tern 
Catholic riiioii and .St. Nicholas Hrotherhood. He 
w:us a charter memlier ami helped to organi/e the 
union. He Itelongs to the St. Boniface Church, aixl 
prefei-s the principles of the Denutcratic party. 



f I-FXANDKU ( .\K11.M (.11 wa> U.rn on 
the 2.">th of October, IH.JO, in Ohio, and is 
one of a family of three sons and two 

/' daughters. who>e parents were .lohli and 

Margaret Carbaugh. In the cummon s<-h(Nils of 
Adams County, he .icipiired his ediiciition. He 
received no s|>ecial advantages in his youth, r.nd 
when he stnrted out to earn his own livelihood 
he was empty-handed, but he possessed a young 
man's briglit hope of the future an<I a strong 
determination to succeed, ami by his enterprising 
and well-directed efforts acipiired a handsome 

In Irti'iO, he married Klizalieth Farmer, who died 
in l«.')l. Two children were lM>rn of this union, 
but both are now decea.sed. 

In IK.">(i, Mr. ('arl)augli wa.- united in marriage 
with .Miss Kli/.Hl)etli Wells, a native of Adani> 
County. (Mini in IHUG. Seven children were Immii 
of their union, and all are yet living, \> ith one 
exi-eption. They began their domestic life upon 
a farm in lirowii County, and afterward moved 
to .\ilani> County, locating in lU-veiiy Township, 
where .Mr. Carbaugh luirchased three hundred and 
forty acres of valuable land. .\t the time of his 
de.'ith. he lia I placed it all under a high state of 
I'liltivation, had erected good buildings, and made 
many other excellent improvements upon it. He 
po.v.e.s.sed good liUMiiess ability, was melhodic'il 
and systematic, enterprising and pi<i"ii—.lv i. and 
won a comfortable com|K'tenit«. 

Socially. .Mr. Carbaugh wa.» a l{o.\ai .Vuli .Mason, 
and was freijuciitly honored with the ofiice of 
\Voi>hipful Master in liis lo<Ige. In |>olitii>, lie 



was a Democrat, but was never an office-seeker, 
preferring to devote his time and attention to 
other interests. Mrs. C'arbaugli is a member of the 
Christian Church, to whose supi)ort Mr. Carbaugh 
contributed liberally. He aided in the advance- 
ment of all social, educational and moral interests. 
Pleasant and genial by nature, he was popular and 
had a large circle of friends and acquaintances. 
His honorable, upright life won him high regard, 
and he had the confidence and esteem of the entire 
community. He was called to liis final rest Oct- 
tober 14, 1891, and that his friends were many is 
shown by the large number who came to pay their 
last tribute of respect, the funeral being one of the 
largest ever held in this localitj-. 

\I/ - ^ ENRY S. OSBORN is a well-known and 

^ influential citizen of Quincy, in whose 

affairs he bears a prominent part, occupy- 

^) ing at the present time the position of 
president of the Quinc}' Coal Company. He is 
social, benevolent and energetic, and lias an 
established reputation as a business man. He dis- 
charges the duties of citizenship in a reliable man- 
ner, and to whatever position he is called brings a 
determination to faithfully serve his fellow-men 
and deal honorably in every particular. 

He of whom we write is a native of London, 
England, his natal day being June G, 1814. He 
received good educational advantages in his native 
land preparatory to business life, but did not have 
the opportunity of completing his schooling, as 
his father died when he was quite young and he 
was thrown upon his own resources. When seven- 
teen years of age, he learned the trade of a miller, 
which business he followed with success in Essex 
County, England, until 1834, when, having de- 
termined to try his fortune in the New World, he 
emigrated to the L'nited .States, and landing in 
New York City, immediatel}^ located in Steuben 
County, that State. There he engaged in milling 
for a time, and later, going to Waverly, Oliio, was 

identified with its business interests until 1846, 
the dale of his advent into the Gem City. 

Soon after locating in Quincy, Mr. Osborn 
formed a partnership with .James E. Jones and 
John Wheeler, under the firm name of Jones, 
AVheeler it Co., and with them carried on a thriv- 
ing business as millers for about forty years. Later, 
our subject acquired an interest in the Eagle 
Mills with his former partner, with whom he was 
connected for forty years, when the mills were 
burned in 1887, and the site is now occupied by 
the Segcr Wholesale Grocery House. 

Mr. Osborn has always taken a prominent part 
in local affairs, and in 1880 was appointed by Gov. 
Cullom to represent the State of Illinois with the 
members of the Jlississippi Valley Commission at 
the annual meeting held at St. Louis. He is a man 
of much decision of character, with intelligent and 
pronounced views on all subjects, particularly' in 
the matter of politics, acting with the Republican 
party. He has served two terms in the City Coun- 
cil, representing the First Ward, and has con- 
tributed largely of his means toward the upholding 
of Quincy and its general improvement, and has 
thus proved a valuable acquisition to the citizen- 
ship of this locality. His prompt and methodical 
business habits, good financial talent and tact in 
management of affairs, have placed him in the 
foremost rank among the prominent business men 
who have contributed largely to the financial 
prosperity of this portion of the State. At the 
present writing he is President of the Blessing Hos- 
pital Association, Trustee of the AVoodland Home, 
Director of the First National Bank, Director of 
the <.iuincy Gas Light and Coke Company, holds 
a similar position in the (Quincy Paper Company- 
and is President of the Quincy Coal Compan\'. 

The lady who became the wife of our subject in 
1833 was born in Essex County, England, and 
bore the maiden name of Mary Smith. She 
was a very intelligent and cultured lady and at her 
death, which occurred in 1849, left two children: 
William, who was the elder, is now deceased, and 
Charles, who is the Superintendent of the Quincy 
Coal Company. In 1850, Mr. Osborn chose as his 
second wife Miss Sarah Carter, of this city, and to 
them have been born a daughter .and son, Alice 



_^/lt.i^l^ ^^^Ty 



C, defeased. «iii I llariv ("., Treasurer of the (.^uincj- 
("oal Coinpaiiy. Mr. ()slH)rii and wife are inniieii- 
tial nu'iiiliorsof llie Nerniont Street Itaptist Cliiircli, 
ill wliicli denoniination he lias U-eii Clerk and 
Deacon for many .veai-s. Thi-ir attraetive residence 
IS a large fi-anie .structure, surrounded by well laid 
out lawns and is |)lea.saiitl,v located at the corner 
of Second and Spring Streets. 

J! n.irs V. C'HDCKKK. .M. D. It is undoul.t- 
i ediy true that Dr. Crocker, of I'ayson, is 
; one of the most prominent and successful 
physicians in Adams County. He is thor- 
oughly schooled in professional knowledge, and. 
iK'sides being a close student of books, is an e(|ually 
acute observer of the effect of remedial agencies, 
and endeavors to keep pace with the discoveries 
that are being made in the science of medicine. He 
was horn in this city, in December, 18.J4, and here 
received his primary education in the common 
scIkmiIs. IJeing a great lover of music and ex- 
hibiting marked talent in that art. he began its 
study when fifteen yeai-s of age. When attaining 
his eighteenth year, he organized and was ap- 
jiointed director of a band at lii> home, and at the 
same time taught |)iaiu). organ and violin music. 
The father of our subject being a prominent 
physician, Julius F. thus had access to medical 
l)Ooks from the time he was a small boy, and when 
determining to follow that profession, read under 
the instruction of his father and later under the 
tutelage of Dr. K. C. King. In 1H7H. he entered 
the Keokuk Medical College, from which institu- 
tion he was graduated in March. l«K(i. In the 
fall of that year, he was married to Miss Ilattie 15. 
'iregg. a well-educated and refined lady, who com- 
pleted her studies at Chaddock College in (iuiiicy. 
She is also an accomplished musician, and during 
her younger years was a pupil under her husband 
and I'rof. Wilinot. of (^iiincy. 

To Dr.aiid Mi-s. ( roikiT have Ik-cii Immii the fol- 

lowing tiix children: .luliiis \ . I', i:. .1. |;.. Na|Hile<in 
n. W. K. .S. 1'. .1. ( .. Ilutlie K. A. L. C. K. U. .1. A.. 
.Mo7Jiit I!. H. H. T. T. A. »;. T.. Heitie A. L. N. 11. 
K. II. It. It., di-cejued: and I.iira V. It. It. .1. I,. K. A. 
M. W. The children all being natural inu.'«ieaiis. 
the Doctor organized a banil out of his family, 
which he named Dr. .1. F. ('r<K-ker's Star Hand. 
The Doctor himself received bis instruction in mu- 
sic under an aunt, Mrs. .Minnie Scott, ami l'rf>fs. 
George I{. I'feifer and K. It. I.eib. and also studied 
under I'rof. Storandt. a prominent IwincI instructor. 
The Doctor is a remarkably energetic man ami what- 
ever he undertakes docs it with a will. As a phy- 
sician and surgeon, he is asucceiss and is skillful in 
' the treatment of disea.scs of various natures. Al- 
though he takes no active part in politics, during 
elections he casts a licpublican vote. His plca-sant 
home in the midst of agreeable surroundings is 
one of the notable centers of the social life of the 
cultured society at Payson. 

Dr. Henry A. Crocker, the father of our subject, 
j was born in Dartmouth., where he spent the 
! first eight years of his life. He later removed with 
I his parents, the Rev. Petei and .lane (Kwcr) 
, CnK'ker. to Killingworth. where he was given an 
excellent education. His father was Inirn in the 
Itay State and was given a line education at New 
Hedford. He was a minister in the Congregational 
Church and died very suddenly while thus en- 
gaged in Richmond, Iiid. 

The father of our subject was educated for the 
calling of a physician at Louisville, Ky., having 
been given the liest advantages for obtaining 
knowledge at Hanover, Iiid., where he took a 
scientific course. After attending inetlical lectures, 
the Doctor practiced in the alxive place for aUuit 
two yeai-s and there he built up a large and luci-a- 
ti ve practice. His marriage, which was solemnizei] 
in lH3',t, was with Miss Lucy Krandt, and soon af- 
ter their union they removed to Hannilml. .Mo., 
which at that time was a small place. There the 
father of t>ur subject was engagc<l in siicci>ssful 
practice for ten years, and at the expiration of that 
time, on coming to Tayson, followed his profe.s.sion 
for seven years, when he engaged in the drug busi- 
ness and has at the present lime one of the lK>»t- 
eipiipped stores in the city, where he is earrviiig 



fin a thriving trade. The five children born to 
himself and wife arc Felix, who is residing in 
Council Bluffs, Iowa; Alice, Mrs. AV. D. Thomas; 
Frank, who is a veterinary surgeon of Paj'son; 
Omer, a resident of tliis cit3-, and our subject. 

Dr. Henry A. Crocker and his wife are influential 
members of the Methodist I^jiscopal Churcli. which 
denomination they have aided in upl)uilding in this 
county. In politics, tlie former is a Republican, hav- 
ing become a stanch adherent of that party after 
the firing on Ft. Snmter. In 188S(, with his wife, 
he celebrated his golden wedding, at which time 
they were remembered by hosts of warm friends. 
Altliough seventy-six ^-ears of age, the fatlier is 
lialc and hearty and has become financiall\' inde- 

? I ' I ' 1 I I 

1^^ EORGE E. BENNETT. Tliis name wil 
• ill ,=, recognized by many of our readers as 
^^s4) of a gentleman who has borne an \\w\ 

^ EORGE E. BENNETT. Tliis name will be 

1 port- 
ant part in the agricultural resources of that por- 
tion of the Prairie State surrounding Payson 
Township, Adams County, but who is now living 
retired in the village of Payson. He is a good 
manager, is keen in his calculations, possesses a 
good degree of foresight, and has his interests un- 
der good control. We always find him favoring 
all things that will in anjwise benefit his township 
and county, and for two terms he served in the 
ollice of Township Trustee. 

Our subject, who was born in Crawford County, 
Pa., in 1841, came to Adams County, this State, in 
18G4 from Shelby County, i\Io., whence he had gone 
with his parents in 1857. There the latter passed 
the remainder of their lives and were classed 
among its best citizens. During the late war, 
George E. served in the State militia, in which he 
enlisted in 1862, and was a member until the close 
of liostilities. He participated in many hard- 
fought engagements and skirmishes, and on his 
honorable discharge in 1865 relumed to this 
county, intending to make it liis future home. 

AVishing to add to his knowledge gained in the 
common schools, he became a student in the High 
School at Payson for two years, and later, on go- 
ing to Pike County, taught school for a twelve- 
mon th. 

Mr. Bennett of this sketi-h and ^Miss Delilah 
v., daughter of George Baker, were united in 
marriage in 1868, and of their union have been 
born three children, viz.: Edgar E., at present 
residing in (ireen Castle, Mo.; Olive, Blrs. Hull 
Spencer, of Pike County, this State; and Hester A., 
who still resides with her parents. 

Esby and Ether (Logan) Bennett, the parents of 
our subject, were born and reared in Crawford 
County, Pa., where thej' were held in high re[nite 
and had many good friends in their vicinity. 
Grandfather Henry Bennett, who was a native of 
Pennsylvania, was a Soldier in the AVar of 1812. 
He of whom we write began fanning on his own 
responsibility in 1869, at which time he purchased 
a farm comprising one hundred and sixty acres, 
which is still in his possession and under the best 
methods of cultivation. In 1884, he removed to 
the village of Payson, where he owns a pleasant 
home and is still residing. His wife dying in 
December, 1875, he, two years later, was married 
to Miss Mary E. AA^illiams. They are lioth mem- 
bers of the iSIethodist Episcopal Church, wherein 
they have good standing, while throughout the 
community they are respected for their upright- 
ness of life and friendliness of disposition. In 
politics. Mr. Bennett gives his allegiance to the 
Democratic party and always stands by his colors. 



\|^;RED GUENTHER, who is engaged in gen- 
llp^gi; eral farming on section 24, Honey Creek 
'•^ Township, is a native of Germany. He 
was born in Aldenburg, on the 18th of May, 1833, 
and is the fourth in order of birth in a family of 
five children whose parents were Charles and 
Christina (Reuscliel) Guenther. who were also 
natives of Aldenlnirg. His father was a mill- 



wri<;lit iiikI iiiillpr liy Iradc, .-iihI fullowiMl his 
clioscii <H-('U|iiitiiiii until IN.j.'i. wlion he luiile 
};<>iiil-livo to lii>. ntitivc IiiikI, and with his fnni- 
ily iMiik-d for AniPiii-a. Loi-fttinf^ in this county, 
ho |>ui'('hax>() huid in Honey C'rcfk Townsliip 
— tht> luvM-nl farm of our suhjit-t — !ind car- 
ricil on afiricnituial |iui>uits until his Heath, 
which occurred in 18H'i, at the advanced a^re of 
eij^hty-ei^rlit years. Mis wife p.vksefl away in 1X01, 
and one of the ehililrcn is also dM'ensed. 

Mr. (iuenthcr, whose name heads this record, in 
ac-eordance with the law.« of hi«i native land, 
att«>nded (lulilie schools l)6tween the ages of six and 
fourteen years. Ilis f:ither owned a llourinfr-mill in 
<iermany.aiiil with him he learner! the trade of mill- 
in«j. When a yonnjr man of eighteen years, he deter- 
mined to try his fortune in America, and in IH.j."} 
eros.sed the broad .\tlantic. sjiiliny from Bremen to 
New Orleans, where he ."irrived after a long vo^'- 
age of seventy-two days, durin<; wliidi time the 
vessel encountered some severe storms. lie con- 
eluded to learn another trade, and for nine monllis 
Worked at carpentering in New Orleans, when the 
yellow fever liroke out and he left for St. l.<»uis. 
In that city he worked from August until the 
following .Vpril at the c:u penter's trade, and then 
joined hi> father, who had just arrived in this 
country. Together they develoiH-d ainl operated 
the farm in Honey Creek Township, and since that 
tinu' our suliject h;is resided upon the old home- 

In IM.5'.(. Mr. ( iiiciillier was united in m:irriage 
with Anuiotein Keusi-hel, a native of Oermany, 
who came with her parents to America. She died 
in l«rt.">. leaving four children to mourn her loss, 
namely: Helena. Kmma, Annie and Charles. 

Mr. Gnenther exercises his right of franchise in 
support of the I)emi^<-racy. hut has never lieen an 
otiice-seeker, preferring to <ievote his entire time 
and attention to his business interests, liesjdes 
the home farm of one hundred and >i\tv 
acres on secli<m 21, Honey Creek Township, 
he owns a ninety-acre trac-t of land an<l another 
farm of one hundred and sixty .acre> in Keeiie 
'I'ownship. He raises a good grade of stock, 
and his land is all under a high state of 
cultivation. The homestead i> one of the liiieh- 

improved farin> of .\daiiis Cuuiity. It has four 
miles of hedge fciue upon it. In-ing nearlv 
surrounded. The improvement.- are many and 
everything is in keeping with a model farm of the 
! nineteenth century. Mr. Oueiilher has led a busy 
and useful life, and his good manageinent has se- 
cured him a handsome properly. His iHis-scssions 
havealll>een aopiirerl through his own efTort.s. and 
he is now classed among the well-to-do farmers 
of Adams Connlv. 



^^EORC.K II. STAIIl.. This ltio..ii,viMi!. ai. 
,=— Uki "iii> of .\<lams C"oiiiity would not l>e 
^j5I complete without a sketch of this enterpris- 
ing young manufacturer. 

.Ml. Stahl wa> born in Virginia City, Nev., Feb- 
ruary 2D, 18iil. He is the son of .Solomon Stahl, 
a native of fJermany, who came to America 
when fourteen vears old, and started a furni- 
ture busincifis, which he continued until it was de- 
stroyed by fire in \H*U'>. He then came to (^uincv 
and engaged in the grocery business, and later 
commenced a business in wholesale feed and pro- 
<luce. This he continued until his retirement. He 

! now lives upon a farm near the city. He has Itcen 
very active in the Republican ranks, and has 

! serve<l the township as School Director. His wife 
was Loui>a Flavin, and she was born in Italtimore. 
but w!L-i raised in Terre Haute, Ind.. where her 
m(»ther still resides. She was one of four chil- 

Our subject was reared and educated here until 
1KH2, when he enlerid Mu>M-lman's ISii>iness Col- 
lege, and then became inlcrested with his father 
and brother in the wholesale fruit business. 
While here he made his liiNt invention. He iie.\t 
invented his incubator, and after nveyeai>' exper- 
ience he completed it and received a patent. This 
wiLS in 1KK7. He was the ni>t tti place upon the 
market a low-priced hatcher. He U-gan il,s manu- 
facture in IXXiI. and every year ha.s shown an in- 
crease of one huiKlred per cent, in sale". He d«jes 



all his business by advertising and correspondence. 
He is located at Nos. 119-121 North Fourth Street 
and Nos. 319-323 Third Street. In 1892, he 
formed the company of Cowen & Stahl, liandiing 
electrical supplies, jobbing and retail. 

Mr. Stahl chose for his wife Miss Marie J. Bar- 
bour, who was born in Quincy, and is the daugh- 
ter of William ,J. Barbour; she was educated at the 
Convent of the Sacred Heart in St. Louis. They 
have one child, Marie L. 

Our subject is a member of Lambert Lodge No. 
659, A. F. & A. M.; of Quincy Consistory, A. & 
A. S. Rite; and Medina Temple, Chicago Nobles 
of the Mystic Shrine. He is a Republican and a 
member of the Episcopal Church. 


pastor of St. Francis Catholic Church, of 
Quincy, has since 1883 been identified 
with the religious history of this city, 
whose annals will bear testimony to the integrity 
of his character and the brillianc}' of his intellect. 
He was born in Poppensdorf, near Coeslin,Germany, 
November 19, 1846, to Henry and Gertrude 
(Koll) Butzkueben. Until he attained his eleventh 
year, he resided in the vicinity of his birthplace 
and was an attendant at the parochial schools. At 
that early age, he entered college at Bergheim, 
Germany, after which he spent several years in 
pursuing his studies in a fine educational institu- 
tion at Julich, but in the meantime his health 
became impaired and he was compelled to leave 
school. At the end of three years, he had re- 
covered sufficiently to again lake up his studies, 
and for some time thereafter he was at Waren- 
dorf, and still later at Wiedenbruck. 

Succeeding this, our subject entered the F"ran- 
ciscan order, and subsequently was sent to Dus- 
seldorf, where, as in all former institutions, he 
made a good record for himself .as a student and 
showed that he possessed an original and active 

mind. In 1875, he was sent by his superiors to 
the United States, landing at New York City, 
from which place he went direct to St. Louis, 
where he ordained a priest. Three years after, 
he was sent to Teutopolis, EflSngham County, 
111., where lie discharged his priestly duties in a 
most efficient and dignified manner. Since 1883, 
he has been a resident of (^lincy, and has had 
charge of the St. Francis Church. The present 
fine edifice was begun in 1884, under the direc- 
tion of Father Butzkueben, and was finished in 
1886, having cost $75,000. It is a brick and 
stone structure of modern make and is a credit 
not only to the city but to the Catholic citizens 
of Quincy, to whose generosity and zeal it stands 
as a monument. 

Father Butzkueben now has in process of con- 
struction a large parochial school liuilding, which 
will be an ornament to the neighborhood and an 
evidence of Christian co-operation between pas- 
tor and people. Father Butzkueljen possesses ex- 
cellent qualifications as a man of education and 
refinement, is highly respected by all classes in 
general, and especially by the members of his con- 
gregation, which numbers four hundred and fifty 
families. Since coming to Quincy, his career has 
been marked by earnest effort, self-forgetfulness 
and a conscientious discharge of his duties, and 
that he is popular with the members of his flock 
can be discerned at a glance. His residence is at 
St. Francis Monastery, located at No. 1721 Vine 


"iflAMEST. .SAWYER. The pleasant gentle- 
man whose well-known name opens this 
sketch is one of the prominent pork buj'- 
y ers and shippers in the cit}' of Quincy. He 
is a member of the firm of S. Farlow & Co. and 
Sawyer & Co. Our subject is familiarly known as 
Capt. Sawyer, and was born on the Cumberland 
River, in Montgomery County, Tenn. He is the 
son of Robert Sawyer, who was a A'irginian and 

ronTRAiT ANH r,ior;R.\rnTfAi, imtot?!) 


who iiKivoil i<» North C'nroliiin. ami from Iht-ri- 
to Tomiesspc," mid U'canic oiio of tlio old set- 
Ici-s. He l>oii<;lit !i faini on the hniiks of the 
('iiiiilM-rliiiid. on tlie fei-tih> iiplnnds, mid eiifjajjed 
in !;eiu'ial farininjj, and died nt that |ilaee. lie 
was a Itaptisl in his reliifioiis U'lief. The mo- 
ther of ovir sniijeel was named Callu'rine Trice: 
she was horn in Moiitiioinery I'ounty. and 
was tlie danjrhter of Kdward Trice, who was liorn 
in Knjrhiiid. mid cjime to Nortli Carolina from 
there; later he moved into Tennessee, and was a 
farmer Iheiv and also a carpenter. He died 
at the aire of eight v-ei^dit years. The lamented 
mother of our siil>jecl was removed when he was 
only live years old, mid of the live children which 
she had iKiriie, all ^rew to maturity. Lena is the 
only siirvivin}; sister of Mr. Sawyer, and is now .Mrs. 
L.V. Shepherd. and livesnear the C'umlierland River. 
The subject of this sketch was reared in Tennessee 
until lie was past twenty-one, and it was alKtut 
1844 when he went over to Kentucky. to Hopkins- 
ville.and there a clerk. In .lune, 1K47, 
lie reached (^uincy and ensjaged with Rohcrt 
Tandy, on the north side of the scpiare, in thedry- 
g<x)ds business, hut this did not la-st long, because 
the partner's health gave out; the firm name 
w.Hs then changed to Sawyer it Graves, when Mr. 
(Iraves wime in. This was a well-known firm. In 
!»<<>.■{. .Mr. Sawyer saw that money could lie made 
l>y the proper packing of pork, and he engaged in 
a partnership with .lohn V. Mikcsell, the present 
Mayor of (^umcy. under the firm name of Sawyer A- 
Mikesell. packers of pork, on Third Street. This 
lasted one year, when Mr. Adams became a partner, 
and the name lieoame Adams. .Sawyer A: Co.; a 
slaughter house wa.s added and the business in- 
creased. This partnership lasted about ten yeare. 
and then was dissolved in regard to the pack- 
ing business, but the slaughter house is still 
running. Then Mr. .Sawyer and .Mr. .\dams en- 
gaged in dealing in pork; but later the partnership 
was dissolved, and Mr. .Sawyer formed the present 
partnei-sliip in IHK.'i. Now the firm deals princi- 
pally in the buying and curing of meat, anil has 
the largest capital for the business in the city. 

At one time Mr. Sawyer was one of thecompaii v 
of twentv-fivc that undert<K)k to builrl what is 

now the O. iV K. line, from t^uincy to Hrownsvijle. 
Neb., then known as the (^uiiicy. Mis.<muri A- Pa- 
cific Railroad, and he was a director for four 
years. He was one of the original nicii to build 
it complete as far .as Trenton. Mo. 

We can not close this too brief sketch of a very 
popular man without mentioning that he is a 
Republican of the Henry Clay teaching, and 
is one of the most genial, pleasant men one could 
expect to meet, even in the City of (^uincy. which 
has the reputation of pos,<icssing some of the most 
courteous gentlemen in Adams Countv. 

\17 IKK KIMMONS. There are few men at 
l{ (^, the present day more successful or more 
'J;^^ worthy of honorable mention than the sub- 
ject of our sketch. A record of his life fully illus- 
trates what may be nccomplishcd by determined 
will and perseverance, for through his own efforts 
he h.os risen to the |x>sition of a leading farmer 
and stwk-raiser in Iturton Township and is well 
and favorably known throughout the county. 

Mr. Kimmons is n native of Washington County, 
I'a., his birth tK'curring December 26, IH^.'l. When 
a lad of twelve years, he came to this county with 
his parents, who located in l,il>erty Township, 
where they were numbered among its respected 
residents. Luke was the fourth in order of birth 
of eight children. com|)rised in the family of 
Thomas and Reticcca (Kniow) Kimmons. who were 
also born and reared in I'ennsylvania. His broth- 
ers and sisters bear the respective names of Ira, 
.\inos. .Samuel, .lane, Ruth, KelK-cca, and .lohn. 
Ruth married W. T. Wheeler, of t^uincy; .lane lie- 
came tlie wife of \. R. I'otter, of Texas; Rebecca 
niiuried Russcl Dewey, and .John is at present resid- 
ing at Westport, Mo. 

The parents of oui subject came t<i this county 
with but little of this world's goods, but by the 
jiractice of industry and economy accumulated a 
comfortable property. so that whi-n their sons were 
rendv tti start out in life tlicv were iibic to uive 



them each a quarter-section of land. The young- 
est in the family, Joiin, enlistefl during tiie late 
war as :i memlier of an Iowa regiment, and served 
his country faithfully and well for one year. 

The lad\- to whom Luke Kimmons was married 
in 1847 was Miss Amy L., daughter of Samuel 
Titus, who came from New York to this count3^ in 
an early day. Their union has been blessed by the 
birth of four daughters, who are living, viz.: Emma, 
now Mrs. James R. Ferguson; Viola, Mrs. S. W. 
Hinckley, residing in Los Angeles, Cal.; Ollie S., 
the wife of A. R. Strawbridge, of Mary ville, Mo., 
and Florence 51., the wife of Ezra Best, of 

Lie whose name heads this sketch is the proprie- 
tor of four hundred and' eighty acres of valuable 
land, which is located in Buiton and Liberty 
Townships, all of which has been the result of his 
own labors, with the exception of the one hundred 
and sixty acres given him by his father. He is a 
careful manager, a good financier and stands well 
in the business world. He has been a ver}' impor- 
tant factor in advancing the stock-raising interests 
of this county, as well as in promoting its advance- 
ment in other directions, and holds a prominent 
position among the leading members of his class in 
this portion of Illinois. He takes especial interest 
in breeding blooded horses and has at the pres- 
ent time on his farm some very fine roadsters. Mr; 
Kimmons is a man of broad mind and has decided 
opinions of his own, especially regarding politics, 
and always votes with the Republican party. He 
is a tiioroughh' moral man and with his wife is an 
influential member of the Christian Church at 
Liberty, with which denomination he has been con- 
nected since 1862. He has one of the most beauti- 
ful homes in the township and numbers his friends 
among the best residents of this section. 

The eldest brother of our sul)ject, Ira Kimmons, 
was born in Washington County, Pa., in 1812. 
He was given u good education and when ready_ 
to establish a home of his own was married to Miss 
Susannah AVheelcr, by whom he became the father 
of five children: Rebecca, who married John Ruth, 
of Maryville, Mo.; Amanda, who became Mrs. 
John Schnur, of this county; Sarah, who married 
H. J. \ickers, of Burton Township; George T. 

and Otis B., also residing in Maryville, Mo. Like 
his brother, Ira Kimmons is a member of the 
Christian Church and is one whose honorable car- 
eer has gained for him many friends. 

UGH A. CAMPBELL, chief engineer of the 
Quincy Water Works, is a practical and 
competent engineer, and has exhibited in 
the incumbency of his office the most 
prudent, careful and efficient management. Lie 
is a native of Ohio, having been born in Cin- 
cinnati on the 26th of April, 1831, and is a son of 
Hugh Campbell, who was born in Belfast, Ire- 
land, of Scotch descent, his ancestors being of the 
Scottish clan of Campbells. 

The father was a mason by trade and followed 
that in his native country for some time before 
coming to America. He was married in Paisley-, 
Scotland, to Miss Jane Allen, a native of that 
country-, and afterward this j'oung couple came to 
the "land of the free" and located in Cincinnati. 
There Mr. Campbell worked at his trade until 
1836, when he located in Lawrenceburgh. Ind., 
and followed his trade on the cannl at that place. 
L>om there he went to Madison, Ind., where 
he was employed in contracting. In 1844, he 
decided to make his home in Illinois and settled in 
Quincy, wliere he carried on the stone mason's trade 
until his death in 1845. He was an old-line 
Whig in politics and was one of twelve delegates 
who escorted W. LI. Harrison at Lawrenceburgh, 
Ind., in 1840. Lie was a member of the Presby- 
terian Church. His wife survived him until 1885, 
and died when seventy-eight years of age. Seven 
children were born to them, but only three are 
now living. 

Hugh A. Campbell, the eldest child born to the 
above-mentioned couple, remained with his parents 
in Cincinnati until five years of age, and then 
accompanied them to Lawrenceburgh, Ind., and 
jNIadison, at which latter place he remained until 



tliirtvcii vt'iii's of iijjiM'CPfiviu;; n fair ediicntioii in 
the ('oiniiiiiii scliiMils. In IHI I, hp (iiiiu* to I juiiicv. 
nt n time wlu'ii ilu' |io|iiiliitioii \v!i> nlioiit furty-Civc 
liiiiidri'il niKl !ittoii(loil si-liool licrc until liftocn 
Vo:»i> olil. lie was onilv M't to work and lh>t 
Ifariifil the luikerV trade at tlie Cracker Institute. 
Ill' followed this trade in the cilv until IH.'d. and 
then removed to Canton. Mo., where he stjirted a 
shop and carried it on for one year. lie wiu< nat- 
urally of a niechnnical turn of mind, displaying 
eon>idci:ilile <renius in that direction when ipiite 
.sniMll, and he was lii-sl assistant eni;ineer on the 
"llerlrand," where he remaineil two seasons, thus 
aliandonin<r the liaker"s tiade. 

After this he was on the "Mary Sea'" two sea- 
sons, then on the "Annie" the same length of time, 
and linally ipiit the liver, eniiajiinj; .as enjiineer in 
the distillery at Warsaw, 111., where he reinaiiied un- 
til I8.")(i. lie w.ns suKseiiuently in llannihal. Mo., and 
•issisted in liuildins a distillery. lie was nindeen- 
srineer and carried it on until IHCti, when he l<)<ik 
it apart, brou<{lit it to t^uincy.and later ship|K?d it 
to I'eoria. It is there now and is one of the 
larjiest distilleries in the city. Afterward, Mr. 
('ainpl)ell was engineer in the Hour mills in Ilanni- 
lial. .Mo., until IHCiil. and while there he was in the 
Missouri State Militia. 

I n IMGG, he came to i/uincv and engaged in 
the Kxcelsior Stove Works for four years as chief 
engineer, and later lilled the same capacity in the 
city mills until they were burned. This wasahoiit 
IM7;l,and he afterward went to St. .U)seph, Mo., with 
a company to lit up a mill and start it. He stjiid 
in that city for about a year and then returned 
to (^uiney. where, in 187;'), he was appointed chief 
engineer of the Water Works that had been started 
in the fall of 1874 with only a small engine. This 
l>osition lie has held ever since and he now has 
control of four complete new engines, that he 
erected and took charge of himself. One has n 
capacity of live million galU>ns: another, six mil- 
lion galbiiis; another, three million gallons: and 
the fourth of two million gallons, reservoir sys- 
tem. He always has them running, and the city is 
supplied in high or low water. .Mr. Campliell 
deserves the highest rei-ogiiition for eminent ser- 
vice in behalf of the supreme interests of <^uiiicy, 

and especially in his present relation, in which he 
I has achieved the most meritorious ili>tineti<in. He 
' is one of the oldest and ino«t >killfiil eiiirineers in 
I the city. 

! Mr. Campbell was first ni.-iiiied in l.a * M.-iiige. 
.Mo., to Miss Missouri Mcl>oiinell. a native of 
I Kentucky, who died in 1«7I. Four children were 
-liorn to this union: David •!.. in Chicago, 111.: 
Charles, a traveling man; .leiinie, at home; and 
Kva. in Chic-ago. Mr. Campliell's second marriage 
(Weill red in <^uincv, and he selected as his com- 
panion Mi's. Lucy l.inthiciiin, a native of Illinois. 
Our subject is a memlK>r of Ix)dgc No. 12, I. < >. ( ). 
F., and is I'jist (Jrand. He is also a member of the 
Kncampment. In his religious preferment-he is 
n Methodist. He is a Trustee and Class-lender 
and w.Hs a member of the committee to remodel 
and rebuild. Iii politii-s, he is a Democrat. He is 
a member of the Kngincei-s' Lyceum of (^uiiicy, was 
organizer and has lipcii chief engineer since. 


(IIIN W.sllKHKK K. Hidden away among 
the beautiful homes of our now peaceful 
country live the veterans of the stormy 
5£i/ years of the Civil War, and their piust is 
almost forgotten by their companions unless it is 
drawn from them by some faithful biographer who 
wishes to keep the memory of those days and the 
heroes of them from oblivion. One of these mod- 
est veterans may be found in the subject of this 

.lohn W. Sherriek, a prominent retired farmer tif 
Camp Point, and large land-owner, was born in 
Fayette Comity. I'a., April .1. I«I2. His father, 
Martin Sherriek, wiis born in IHI.'), and his grand- 
father was a native of (iermany, who came to the 
I'nited States many years ago and settled in the 
Keystone State. .Martin Sherriek was a farmer of 
IVnnsylvania, and emigrated t«i Illinois in 1K|I>, 
settling in Houston Township, Adams County. 
The journey was made by steamer to (^tiincv, anil 
Mr. .Sherriek. Sr.. bought a large but unimproved 



farm in the then new country, and thej' began 
their pioneer life. Wild game was plentiful, and 
he was the only one of the farmers who settled on 
land away from the timber, the nearest neighbor 
being one and one-half miles away when they first 
settled on the farm. Mr. Sherrick, Sr., was at one 
time Justice of the Peace, and was a prominent 
member of the Methodist Episcopal Church before 
his death in 1875. He became quite an extensive 
farmer, although he came to this county with 
limited means. His capital was good health, and 
he met with success, as he was an industrious and 
a hard-working man. Our subject's mother bore 
the name of Susanna Strickler, and is still living, 
in her seventy-fourth year. She has been a mem 
ber of the IMethodist Episcopal Church all her life. 
She bore her husband eight children, but only two 
are now living, Joel D. and our subject, the former 
being an old farmer in Houston Township. 

Our subject attended the common Schools, and 
at the age of sixteen he entered Quiney College, 
where he spent several terms. He enlisted on the 
25th of July, 1862, in Comi)any H, Seventy-third 
Illinois Regiment, under Col. Jaquess, who was 
President of Quincy College. This regiment was 
known as the Preachers' Regiment. He was in 
Sheridan's Division of the Army of the Cumber- 
land and participated in the following battles: 
Perryville, Stone River, Chickamauga, Rocky 
Face, Resaca, Calhoun, Adairsville, Dallas, Lost 
Mountain, Burnt Hickory, Kenesaw Mountain, 
Nickajack Creek, Crossing of the Chattahoochie, 
Peach Tree Creek, Atlanta, Jonesboro, Lovejo}-, 
Spring Hill, Franklin and Nashville. He was 
mustered in as Sergeant, but was promoted to be 
Second Lieutenant a }'ear after. He was given a 
furlough on account of a wound in the leg, re- 
ceived at Cliickamauga. He returned lo his regi- 
ment as soon as he could, and was mustered out 
in July, 1865. He returned home and purchased 
land in Houston Township and engaged in farm- 
ing. He lived on the farm until 1887, but had 
not done hard work for several years. In 1889, 
he moved to Camp Point, where he has a beauti- 
ful residence, with a large lawn ornamented with 
flowers and shrubbery. 

Mr. Sherrick inairied in 1862 to America 

Woods, born in Adaras County, a daughter of 
Samuel Woods, a Kentuekian. Her parents came 
to Illinois and located in Morgan County in its 
earl.y days. He was a farmer, and died about 
1882> Mrs. Woods was a native of Kentucky also, 
and died soon after husband. 

Mr. and Mrs. Sherrick have two children, Susie 
and Lucy. He is a Republican in his political 
convictions, and an influential member of the 
Grand Army of the Republic. He is the present 
Commander of Joseph P. Lassley Post No. 542, of 
Camp Point. 

jNIr. Sherrick has four hundred and eighty acres 
in his home farm, on sections 10 and 11 in Houston 
Township, and thirty acres in timber, and his land 
is finely improved. He started out with limited 
means, but has been very successful because he 
took the right road to gain success. 

ENRY A. OENNING, of the firm of Oen- 
ning & Co., has been a resident here since 
1856. He was born in AVestphalia, Prussia, 

g>; in May, 1834. His father, a farmer, was 
also born there and served in the war with the 
French under Napoleon, in 1813 and 1814. His fa- 
ther before him was a farmer. The father of our 
subject died in Germany, aged seventy-four years. 
His wife was named Mary Gesina Koppers. They 
had eight children, five of whom are j'et living. 

Our subject was the fifth child and received a 
common-school education. When he was sixteen 
years of age, he was apprenticed to a carpenter 
and served for three years and then worked at the 
trade until 1856, when he came to America, taking- 
passage in a sailing-vessel from Bremen to New 
Orleans. After a nine-weeks voyage, he reached 
his destination and worked at his trade for some 
years. In 1860, he engaged in teaching at the St. 
Boniface School. In 1866, he started in business. 
He gradually increased it and does a good busi- 
ness in books, picture irames, window and plate 
glass. In 1891, he formed a company and took 

^^«--*^--;^^<^^-^ CV^^'^-2^'^^ 



ill (Jeorgf Wcwcr iind Alfred Kurtz, nnil they are 
now KH'ati'il at Nn. 6:12 Maine Street. Mr. Oeii- 
iiiii^ owns the building and i.-* also iiit<Te>ted in 
v.irious >ttK-k companies, ainoiiu which are the 
Menke .V (iriinin I'laniii^' Mill, the (iennaii liiMir- 
aiuv ('<>ni|iatiy. and the Kieiliuiir l5ool and Shot' 
Manufacturing C'onipnny. 

Our >ulije(l wa.< married there in 18)>T to Kliza- 
Ik'IIi lleuer. wlio wiu* lK>rii in Wc-stiilialin. lie ha-s 
been Supreme Treasurer of the Western t'atholic 
l"nion anil he has heen 'l'ie:i.-uier of the St. Nich- 
olas nranch Nt». 1, W. t'. l'., at t^uiiicy, ever since 
it .itart^d in 1878. 

^, R. .JOSKIMI ROUHINS, whose sketch we pre- 
sent to the i-eaders of the Rkcohd, is promin- 
ently identified with the city of l^uincy, 
where he l>een practicini; medicine and surgery 
since 18<)1. lie was horn in I.*oininstcr, Majw., .Sep- 
tcinlier 12. 1831. where alst) htith his father, (lil- 
inaii, and grandfather, Thomas, were lK»rn, and 
where their deaths occurred. The latter served in 
the Revolutionary War, and wai< a descendant of 
one (.if the I'lyinoiilh Colony. His son (iilinaii 
was a farmer and removed to Melrose, in 
1817, hut later returned to the place of his liirlh, 
and died in the old h«»me at the age of eighty 
years, lie was a Democrat until the year 18.')6, 
but then voted for Fremont, and wa.s ever after 
a Repuhlican. lie was one of the lii-st of the 
I'nitarians in Massachusetts. Ilis wife was Re- 
l>eccn Duiisler, of Ma^s;lchu^etls, whose ancestors 
were Huglish, and her progenitor, the Rev. Henry 
Diinster, was the fii>t President of Harvard Col- 
lege. She died in Melrose, and left six living 

Our subject wa> the fourth child, and was reared 
at home, attending a clistrict s<'Ihmi| Miiiimer and 
winter until he wjis twelve yeai-s old, and after thai 
in winter until he was llfteen. The hwt two winters 
were at a gt>od grauimar scIhjoI at .Alclrose. When 

he was sixteen years old, he learned the trade of 
hous«>-paiii(iiig. and later that of ornamental 
painting in a furiiilure shop. In I8,')7. he came to 
(juincy to visit an uncle by marriage. Dr. .bilni Par- 
son, and in IX.'iH returned here for the pur|x>se of 
studying medicine iiiidei' him. and here he remained 
until 18,59, when he entered .Icflfei-soii .Medical Col- 
le:;e, Philadelphia, from which he was i,'raduated 
with the degree of M. 1>. In IHtll. He returned here 
and t«K)k the practice uf Dr. P-timiii, who was among 
the oUlest practicing physicians in the i-ity. At 
that time, a physician's life was not an easy one, 
as it involved many long, dreary drives. aud often 
very dt>ubtful collections. However. Dr. Robbins 
had a good constitution and great peivseverance 
and delight in his profession and has succeeded 
wonderfully well. He is a man of good judg- 
ment, keen intellect, and naturally inspires con- 
fidence. In November. 1862, he was ap|K>inted 
Pension Surgeon, and has served in that capac- 
ity ever since, except during Cleveland's adminis- 
tration, lie is now President »if the lioard of 
Kxamining Surgeons for Pensions, which meets 
every Wednesday, and served as .Surgeon of ISicss- 
ing Hospital for some years. Dr. Robbins is rec- 
ognized as one of the leading, leprescntativo 
Republicans of Illinois, and his counsel is often 
sought by the best men of his party in the State. 
He a Delegnte-at-large to the convention of 
' 1876. which nominated R. It. Hayes, and also Dele- 
! gate-at-large to the National Convention at .Min- 
neapolis, which re-nominated Harrisim. He also 
.served as Chairman of the County Central C<mi- 
' niittee for several years. In 1876, he ran ftir 
Congress on the Republican ticket, but was not 
elected, the district iK-iiig strongly Demociiiiicand 
he was also the candidate of the Republican parly 
for mcmlier ()f the Constitutional Convention of 
187u. In 1877, he wasa memlier of the Coiiimission 
which liK-ated the KiL'^tern Insjine Hospital at Kan- 
kakee. He IS promintnl in medical circles, ami is a 
liiember of the American .Medical .\s.siM-ialion, 
the Stale Medical Society, and lias been President 
several times of the Adams County .Mediuil So- 
cletv. He is now a member of the School liimrd, 
ft Director of the Public Library, and was Presi- 
dent of Ihe old t^uincy Library, prior to its being 



merged into a iniblic library. He is a valued 
member of the Board of Education of Quiuc.y, and 
daring liis term several scboolhouses bave been 
built. He is a prominent Mason, being a Knight 
Templar and Past Eminent Commander, and in 
1877-78 he Grand Master of Masons in Illinois. 
He is an active member of the Second Congrega- 
tional Church (Unitarian). 

He was married in Melrose, Mass, in 18(53, to 
Louisa A. Norris, who was born in Dorchester, 
Mass. Jlrs. Robbins died in March, 1876. The 
Doctor is among the most influential of the citizens 
of Quincy, and is highly respected by all who 
know him. 

■» — ( ^>*W^ p . 

'M0| wretch who can lay claim to but six feet 
l/ril) of Mother Earth cannot be blamed for a 
(^ feeling akin to envy, as he views the six 

hundred acres of fertile land of which the original 
of this sketch is the fortunate owner. An inquiry 
of this pleasant old gentleman would bring out 
the story of the luirdshi|)S he bravely endured before 
he could claim these beautiful acres as his own; 
for he was one of the pioneers of Adams County, 
and the fields and meadows, the timber and fine 
stock and buildings, were earned by the sweat of an 
houest man's brow. 

The grandfather of our subject was of the same 
name and country as was the .Scottish chief whose 
storey stirred our young blood; but he left his na- 
tive glens and came to America and settled in Vir- 
ginia, and from there removed to (iarrard County, 
Ky., and pursued an agricultural life. The father 
of our subject was Josiah Wallace, and he also be- 
came a farmer, and passed his last days in Ken- 
tucky, dying in the year 1826. The mother of 
our subject was Mary Mason, whose father came 
from Ireland with his wife many ^eais ago, and 
settled in Madisim County, Ky., where Mary was 

After the death of Mr. Wajlace, the inother 

brought her children to Illinois, and settled in 
Camp Point Township, Adams Cow'il.V- They 
made the long journey with ox-teams, bringing 
along the merest necessities of life, and that win- 
ter, for then it was fall, the venturesome family 
endured hardships that to the boldest of the pres- 
ent day would seem perfectly appalling. In the 
spring, for the long winter in the lonely log liut 
in the great timber passed away at last, the 
family funds were used to purchase a quarter 
of section 2, in Camp Point Township, where 
our subject has since lived. This laud was new 
and unbroken, and the log cabin, 14x14, still served 
the family as a home. Wild game was plentiful, 
and our subject killed a great many deer; but one 
tires of the most delicious food when confined to a 
single variety-. No doubt very many times dur- 
ing that long, lonely winte'r, without books, neigh- 
bors or comforts, the mother looked longingly 
backward to the jilenty of her Kentucky home. 
She had made this change for tlie sake of her chil- 
dren, but in 1846 she was taken from them by 
death. At that time the city of Quincy was the 
nearest market, and our subject soon had a great 
deal of wheat to .sell, which he had to haul over 
the prairie. He had to break up the ground with 
his ox-teams, and for several years he had nothing 
better, but the fertile soil responded to his efforts, 
and year by year he became more independent. 
He had less than a year of schooling, and is wholly 
a self-made man. 

Our subject was married in 1851, to Sarah .lane 
Lyle, who, with her parents, William and Margaret 
Lyle, had come to America from Ireland when she 
was small. They first lived in Pennsylvania, and 
then became early settlers of iVdams County. Mr. 
and Mrs. Wallace have the following children: 
Adam R.; iMary E., who is the wife of Thomas 
Downing, a fanner of Houston Township; John 
R., who lives at Clayton, where he is a banker; 
Emma, who is at home; and Samuel, who is a law- 
yer at (^luincy. All of these children have had 
good sc'hool advantages, denied their parents. 

Mr. Wallace was formerly a AVhig. and has been 
a Republican since the formation of that party. 
His first vote was cast for Henry Clay, and he has 
been very inoniiuent in political affairs, and ha§ 


.■i:i 1 

oftrn l>ccii a <U'li'gate to the conventions, lie htv* 
not wnnte<l nlllcc, liut (Ikos his duty ns lio tiiinks 
riijlit. Mrs. WhUiu-i' ln-lonjrs to Iho I iiIIcmI ries- 
hytorian IhkIv, and is n woninn of high nionil rhnr- 
nclor. Tlie six hmxIriMl .icri's lM>ion<>;in<; to Mr. 
Wallatf is in one IkkIv. and in- h:is enfjaged in 
raisini; .Short-liorn i-attle for some years. lie is n 
man niucli hntked up to in his ni>igliliorlu>o<], and 
he now enjoys lift- in his Ix-autifui iionic. siu-- 
roun<led with elm, maple and other line trce.s of 
his seleetion. 


■^KV. .I()I{|).\N ("IIA\ IS. ihe St ellicient 

pastor of theHighthand Kim Streets liaptist 
•A \, Chureh. is one of those rare gentlemen and 
princes anu»ng men who are seldom dupli- 
cated in any community. Polite in his manners, de- 
voted to his friends, mngnanimnus towards his foes 
(if he has any), and of u kind and forgiving spirit, 
Mr. Chavis is highly esteemed hy all. 

Our subject was btirn in Metropolis, III., <in the 
16th of Feliruary. 18."i»;, and is the youngest of 
seven chiliiren Immii to W.-ishington and Anna 
(\'oss) Chavis. The father followed the occupa- 
tion of a ear|»enter in early youth, and later en- 
gaged in agricultural pursuit.s, which he has car- 
ried on very successfully. I'ntil lifteen years of 
age, our subject passed his boyhood days on the 
farm, and, after attending a private school, entered 
Alcorn I'niversity, at Rodney, .Mis.s. Three and a- 
half years later, he was graduated from the Nor- 
mal, and subsei|uently finished a collegiate course. 
lie then began teaching in .Mississippi, and in the 
spring of l«7<i was <irdaiiied at ^■icksbll|•g, that 
.Slate, entering upon his ministerial duties in that 
city, anil later at llayne's HIiilT. lie taught school 
at the same time, and was a most capalile and suc- 
ces*sful educator. 

In Decemlx-r, 18K(), he Wits m:u-ried at Metropolis, 
III., to llattie Marshall, of Cincinnati, Ohio, 
and to<»k his bride to N'icksburg, Mi.vs., where he 
ti^>ok charge of a school, with his wife as assistant 

teacher. On account of the failing health of his 
wife, he letuined to Mctro|M>lis, III., in February. 
1MM2, and in Scptemlier of the same year he as- 
sumed charge of a school al Duipinjii. I'errv 
County, III. During llie Miiniiierof 1 mm.'), he went 
to Itloomiiigton, III., un<l iK-came pastor of Mt. 
risgah liiiptisl Church of that place, ministt'ring 
to the spiritual wants of his fellow-men there 
fiM- two and a-lialf yeai>. In Xoveinln'r. 1HM7, 
he went to Chicago and took charge of the IJe- 
thesda liaptist Church, where he continued two 
years. In NoveinlK-r, lHK'.i, he came to <^uiney, 
III., and l)ecame pastor of the Kighth and Klin 
Streets Baptist Church, which jiosition he has (illeil 
successfully from that time to the present. 

During his pasUirate here, Mr. Chavis has not 
allowed the work of the church to lie at a sl.-iiid- 
still, either spiritually or practically. .Many im- 
provements have l)cen made around the church 
and pastoral residence, and Mr. Chavis has ail- 
vanced the interests of other enterprises, lie w.-is 
(Jrand Msisler of the State Cirand I'nited Order of 
Odd Fellows of Illinois for a term of one vear, 
is a member of the MiUsonic Itliic Lodge of (juiiicv 
and a member of Charles .Sumner Camp. 
Mr. Chavis is also a memlier «if the I'nited 
Hrothers of Friendship, and a Sir Knight of the 
Order of 12. Our subject was the lirst colored 
man that ever pre.aehed in the State Iloiis*- at 
Springlield, III., and his sermon was delivered loa 
congregation of more than a thousand individuals, 
lie also preached the annual Thank.sgiving s«-rmon 
of Lincoln .Monument Lodge No. I,M2I. At pres- 
ent he is .Moilerator of the Wood Uiver liaptist As- 
s<M'iation of Illinois, and is also \' ice-president of the 
SL:ite Siiiiday-sehiiol Convention of Illinois, lieiiig 
a memljer of the Kxecutive Iloanl of boih of the 
aUive associations. 

Our subject was the first founder of the State 
Colore<l liaptist Association, introducing the leso- 
lulion that brought it into existenc«-, and was a 
delegate from IVrry County, III., to the State con- 
vention held in I'eoria in IHKL for the uimiina- 
tion of l>ogan for I'resident on the Republican 
ticket, lie wasalsoa delegate t<.i the Congressional 
convention held in Springlield, III., in the year 
lt*'.>2, and WH^ an alternate to (he SUile convention 



at tbe same time and place. In politics, Mr. Chavis 
is an uncompromising, dyed-in-the-wool, stalwart 
Republican, and few colored men in Illinois, if 
any, have played so conspicuous a part in local 
and Suite politics. He enjoys the distinction of 
knowing nearly every pei-son in the county, and 
of having done, in some way. acts of kindness for 
ever_\- second person therein. He is as popular 
with one race as with the other, and one party as 
another. His pleasant home at Xo. 819 Eighth 
Street is made much pleasanter since the birth of 
a bright little daughter, named Susie. 



^OHN p. NICHOLS. The gentleman whose 
name heads this article is the President of 
^_, , the Ursa, Mendon and Lima Farmei-s' Fire 
'^g/' Insurance Company, of Adams County, 
III. He lives in the finest residence in the village 
of Ui'sa, which he built in 1890 at a cost of 
^1,825, and the improvements on the place have 
cost $3,000. He does not occupy his farm, but 
rents it. 

The father of our subject was James Xichols. 
who was a native of Bourbon County, Ky.. born in 
.September, 1799. He married Margaret Wallace, 
a daughter of Robert Wallace, in Kentucky, and 
came to Illinois in 1833, and settled in Ellington 
Township, this county, on wild land. In 1838, he 
moved to Ui-sa Township, .and settled on section 
8, which was almost wild then, and there he built 
a house, which is still standing, and made his 
permanent home. He married a second time, 
Miss Mourning Bowles, a native of Kentucky, 
becoming his wife; she died in 1849, and he took 
for his third wife Catherine (Ruddell) Hendry, a 
widow. She died June 12. 1!S3G. B^- his first mar- 
riage Mr. Kichols had two living children. L. W. 
and our subject; by his second marriage five are now 
remaining. Mr. Nichols brought his family up in 
the Chi-islian Church, of which he was Clerk. He 
had been a Republican since the formation of the 
party, and was always an industrious man. of 

good habits, public-spirited, and a liberal sup- 
porter of churches and schools. He gave his 
children good educations and had the satisfaction 
of knowing that he had done his duty to home 
and county. For three months of his life he was 
tot;ilh- blind from cataracts, but having them re- 
moved, his sight was partially restored. He died 
January 18, 1891. 

Our subject was born in Bourlwn County, Ky., 
April 20, 1829, and was four yeare old when he 
came tolllinios. He grew up on the farm, and re- 
mained at home until he was twenty-four years 
old. and then he made a home for himself. He 
was married March 15, 1855, to Sarah J. McCunc, 
a daughter of Hugh and Jane (Dinsmore) McCiine, 
both natives of Nicholas County, Ky. Mr. Mc- 
Cune came to this State in 1832, and settled in 
Ursa Township, wliere he died in 1842. The 
mother of Mrs. Nichols died in July, 1854,leaving 
four living children. After marriage our subject 
settled in Mendon Township, on section 21, and 
remained there until 1859. and then bought a half- 
interest in the old homestead, and moved there. 
He remained there until January, 1891, and then 
moved into the vilLige of Ursa. During his stay 
upon the old home place he put i;4,000 in build- 
ings, and otherwise improved the place, which 
includes one hundred and eighty acres of fine 
farming land. 

Mr. and Mi-s. Nichols are the parents of four 
children: ilargaret Isabel is the wife of C. W. 
Thompson, and lives in Cowley County, Ky., and 
has five children: Dora J. is the wife of John T. 
Dennison. and lives in this A'illage: Ellen Ora 
lives at home: Minnie E is the wife of AV. G. Hern- 
don and lives in Chariton County, Mo., and has 
one child. Mrs. Nichols takes a very active part 
in the Christian Church, and her husband lias 
given time and money to the advancement of ed- 
ucation in the district, and has filled the office of 
School Director for fifteen years. 

Ill i)olitics, Mr. Nichols has teen a Republican 
since I860, and has been Assessor of Ui-sa Town- 
ship for two terms, and has been Director of the 
Adams County Fair Association for eleven yeai-s. 
He lias taken great interest in line stock-raising 
and has .Short-horn cattle, Fieuch draft hoi-ses, 




r<il;niil-C'hinn hogs, sliippiiii; iIk' lalti-r nil ii\im 
the country, even as far :».- Califnruia. Mrs. 
Nicliols lias inaile a siic'Pt'ss of raisini; l'l\ niinith 
Hork fowls. 

.Mr. Nichols xva.s drafk-d ilurin<; the Civil War 
ami was (tlilij^ed to |>a\- Ji<l,l(Mi for a sulistiliiU'. 


OII.N |)|( K. .Ml people of Inic sensibililv 
ami a just regard for llie ineinory of those 
who have departed this life cherish the de- 
tails of the history of those whose careei-s 
have lieen marked liy iiiiriithtness and truth and 
whose lives have heen lilled up with activity and 
iiidusiry. It is therefore with firatilication that 
we |)resent to our readers a sketch of ,AIr. Dick, 
who wa.s for many years idcntilied with the his- 
tory and pro<;ress of .Vdanis County. He was a 
man whose slerlinsj wurth of character was reco<(- 
ni/.cd liy all, and his death, which occurred on the 
.■}<>th of October, IM'JO, was the occa-sion of univer- 
sal sorrow, for all felt the to he sustained by 
the departure of such a man. 

A native of the land of the Khinc. Mr. Dick was 
born in Bavaria on the '.itli of October, 18:57, and 
is a .son of John and Katherine Dick, natives of 
Germany, where they passed their entire lives, en- 
gaged in active pursuits. The youthful days of 
our subject were passed atiiid the scenes of his na- 
tive country, and, like nearly all natire-lHirn (ier- 
mans, he received good educational advantages. 
After leaving the .school-room, he was apprenticed 
to learn the baker's trade and became very profi- 
cient in the culinary art. .Many of his nationalil\' 
had emigrated to the States, with a view to better- 
ing their condition linancially.and he decided that 
America wa.s the land of promise for him. In 
l«o2, when l>ut twenty-one years of age, he timk 
passage for Ainericu and landed at New < )rleans, 
where he remained but a short time, 'riienee lie 
went to Belleville, 111., where he renniined foui 
years and thence came Uireul to C^iiiucy. Jn lt<GO. 


with his two brothers, .lacolt and Matthew, under 
the lirm nante of Dick Bros., he erected one of the 
largest brewing e>tab|ishment-s in the West and 
engaged in th.-it business until his death. 

In choosinga wife. .Mi-. Dick selected .Miss liouisn 
.Steigineier, who was born in I'hilailelphia. I'a., on 
the llh of August, 1«.'J7. Her ancesitirs were among 
the early settlew of the Keystone .State, where 
they were very prominent people. Her parents, 
.lo.seph and Wandburg Steigmeier, were natives of 
Pennsylvania, where they passed their entire lives. 
Of^ the marriage of Mr. ;m<l .Mrs. Dick, seven 
children were burn, who were in the order of 
their births lus follows: .\nnie, wife of .Vugusl 
Darkenwald, of (ieiinany; Bertha, who married 
August (ilasner; Kmma, at home; Kiank: .Matilda, 
wife of Kd Menke,of l^uincy; Ivlilh, Mrs. l-'nmklin 
liampel, of St. Louis, and .lohn 

Mr. Dick had a very pleasant home in <iuincy,at 
Ni>. 310 State Street, and suiroundeij by 
everything that made life enjoyable — domestic 
happiness, prosperity and abundant means — but he 
was hel|)le.<vs before the grim reaper. Death. Dur- 
ing the many years in which he resided in <iuincv. 
he was to the people all that is re(|uired in good 
citizenship, pid)lic enterprise and sympathetic 
fru'ndshin. In the love of his eslinuible wife, he 
found his cares lightened, and in the esteem of his 
fellow-citizens received the reward of his faithful- 


^■f - "- ^P> 

iiOllN S(in\.Vl;. One of the most agree- 
able men to meet in the business circles of 
• ^ilincy is the genial subject of this notice. 
He is a prominent retail dialer in 
the corner of Cedar Street aii<l Fifth Avenue, t^iiiii- 
cy. III., and has resided here all liis life, he U-iiig a 
natixe iif this city, burn on .Maine .Street. .Ma\ 12, 
lM,"i7. His father was iHirn in Bavaria. ( lermany, 
November i;t, 1K2;'. and his graiidfalher. I'eter 
Schwab, was a farmer of the same place. 'I'he 
fMllicr of our subject was appreiiliccd to the trade 



of a liutcher when he was eighteen years of age, 
and came to the Tniteil States on the sailing-ves- 
sel "Ernestine" from Bremen, in 18o2, landing in 
New Orleans, and from there proceeded to St. 
Louis, where he located and engaged in the meat 
business for four years. He then came to (.^uincy, 
where he started a meat market on Maine Street, 
which he ran for seventeen years and was very 
successful. He sold his business in 1892, and has 
engaged in stock buying and selling since. His 
residence is between Ninth and Tenth Streets, on 
Maine Street. Our subject's mother was born in 
Bavaria, Germany, and died iu 1877. She and 
her husband were the parents of six children, 
all of whom are living, our subject being the 
only son in llio family. The other children are 
Cecelia, Mrs. James Duker; Maggie, Mis. John 
Duker; Henrietta, Kanigunda and Clara. All 
live in Quincy except the fourth daughter, who is 
a Sister in a convent iu Jordan, Minn. Tiic 
youngest, Clara, lives with her brother. 

John Schwab was reared and educated in his 
native city and in the Gem City Business College. 
He was emplo3'ed about his father's meat shop and 
was also engaged in bu3'ing stock. He remained 
with his father until 1881, when he started a shop 
of his own, and later purchased the place where he 
now is, having always been in the meat business. 
His present shop has a frontage of sixty feet 
on Fifth Street. It is fitted up with all the mod- 
ern improvements, and reflects credit not only on 
the owner, but on the city of Quincy. He owns a 
slaughter house and ten acres of land adjoining 
the citj' limits of Quincy. Here he keeps and 
feeds his stock, which he buys himself, putting up 
all his own hams and bacon and other salt meats. 
He also renders his own lard and makes sausages. 

Mr. Schwab was married in January, 1883, to 
Miss Frances Johamees, a native of (Juinc^'. She 
died here in 1891, leaving four children: Freddie, 
Clara, Albert and Elsie. Mr. Schwab built his 
present residence and both his house and shop 
have all tiie modern improvements, telephone, etc. 
He runs two delivery wagons and does a large 
and paying business. 

Our subject belongs to tiie Fireman's Benevo- 
lent Association. Wlicii lie was younger, he held 

a position in tlie Fireman's AVestern Catholic 
Union. He is a member of -St. Anthony's Brother- 
hood, and a charter member of the Quincy Butch- 
ers' Association, also of St. Boniface Society, and 
belongs to the St. John's Catholic Church, which 
he helped to build. He is a Democrat and has 
been a memlier of the Precinct Committee for 
years. He is a man who makes friends wherever 
he goes, and has the respect and esteem of all who 
know him. 

\|( AMES M. JUDY, a prominent man and re- 
tired farmer of this neighborhood, now a 
member of the firm of Berrian & Co., millers 
and owners of the electric light plant in 
Camp Point, is the subject of the present notice. 
The grandfather of our subject was Winefortli 
Judy, and was an emigrant from Germany, who 
came to this country and settled in Clark County, 
Ky., and became a farmer there. He died on 
the old farm. His son Paris, who was the father 
of our subject, was born in Clark County, Ky., 
in 18(19, and came to Adams County in 1832, and 
settled in Gilmer Township, where he purchased a 
large track of land. He became an extensive 
stock dealer, and owned about two thousand acres 
of land when he retired late in life, and died in 
1880. For many years he was a Justice of the 
Peace, and Deacon in the Christian Church, 
and was a man highly respected bj' all with whom 
he came in contact. He began with no means, but 
ani.assed a large fortune. The mother of our sub- 
ject was Nancy Markwell, who was born in Ken- 
tucky. She still lives in (Quincy, a devout mem- 
ber of the Christian Church. 

Our subject was born in Adams County, July 
19, 1842, and was the eldest of seven children. 
He attended the district schools, and then Abing- 
don College for two years. In 1863, he started on 
an adventurous expedition. He took the contract 
to dri\e a lot of mules across the plains to Cali- 
f<iriiia. and rode one of them there. He stopped 



about two months thei-e. sold liif mules, and thou 
fame iiunio liy water to Now York, lie had Ih'om 
so su(i-C's.sfiil, tliat he cngafii-d now in tlic shi|i|iin<; 
of slock, and for thiof years was one of the piin- 
eipal shi|»|)<>i> of liis time. 

( lur >iil>jeet was married in IHlitl. to Mi>s 
Amanda K. Mitfheli, of MeDonoiiifli Count.v. 111., 
wiio was a jjranddauirhter of .limniy Chirk, wiio 
laid out tiie town of Maeomli. The latter was » 
<;real friend of Senator Doujjias. and was one of 
the early settlers, t)ften entertainin<» Indians at his 

.\fler his marriajie. .Mi'. .Iu(l\ turned lii> atten- 
tion to fanning in C'olunilnis 'rownship, hut re- 
moved to t'amp I'oint m IHS'.l. Iiavinjj sold one of 
his farms, lie then heeanie interested in a mill, 
and the eleetrie light plant with lierrian \- Co. 
They own the mill and the plaiil :um1 ruiiii>li the 
town with light. 

Mr. and Mi-s. .ludy are the parent.- of four chil- 
ilren: Paris, Mark. Nancy and l{ert K. .Mr. Judy 
follows his father's e.vamiile in polities, as he is an 
ardent Demoerat. The family attend the Christian 
Church, of which they are highly respected mem- 
bers. Mr. .ludy owns one hundred and si.Kly acres 
of valuable land in Cilmer Township, and has 
built .'1 line residence in Camp I'omt. This is a 
case where both father and son have been among 
the most prominent people in a township. 

^OMAII K. KKI.I.V. .\l. I). In the pr.actice 
of medicine. Dr. Kelly has been conspicuous 
for his devotion to the welfare of his pa- 
tient.", and in pui>uing his profes>ion it luis 
been to him in a great measure a labor of love, 
lie impresses one at on<-e as a man who has ilrifted 
easily and naturally into the medical profession, 
and who reali/.es that he has made no mistake in 
the choice of his v(K-ation. This impres.-ion deep- 
ens with a more intimate ac(|uaintance, and fainil- 
niritv with the history of his life leads lo the un- 

bia,sed and impurlial view that the splendid success 
which he has achieved is the logical se<|ueiiee of 
talent rightly used, together with energy and in- 
du.-try never misapplied, lie iMini in Adams 
County. III., .lantiary II, Ift 17, a son of Fra/.ee and 
Hannah (liaymond) Kelly, the former of whom 
was bo;n in New .lersey. and followed the occupa- 
tion of a farmer throughout life. His father was 
also a native of New .ler.sey. and was of .Scotch- 
Irish extraction. The maternal grandfather was 
Wiliiain Kaymond, of .Mstssachusett-s. lie was one 
of the early settlers of .Vdams County, 111., coming 
hereabout 1M.'?2, and l(K-ating in lieverly Town- 
ship, which he named afti'r IJeverl.v,, and 
here he remained until his death. Fra/ee Kelly 
came to Illinois when sixteen years of age. 

Dr. Joseph U. Kelly was sent to the common 
schools of Adams County, where he received his 
initiatory training, and until nearly nineteen years 
of age he assisted his father in tilling the home 
faiin. He then entered <^uincy College, where he 
for a time succ-essfiilly pursued his studies, and 
later he began life for hini.self sis a pedagogue. He 
gave up this calling after a short time, and liegan 
reading medicine with Dr. .lames .Sykes, of Bev- 
erly, III., after which he entered the medit-al de- 
partment of the riiiversity of .Michigan at Ann 
Arbor, from which he was graduated on the 22d 
of .March. IK72. He at once began practicing in 
Adams County, III., but siiliseipiently removed to 
Howen, Hancock Comity, where he built up a large 
practice, and remained seven years. In .March, 
18HH, he took up his resideiu-e in l^uincy, where he 
is now in the enjoyment of a fair practice. He 
has found the practice of his profession an occupa- 
tion more ctmgenial to his tiustes than anything 
else could ixissibly have been, and his attention is 
devoted to it exclusively. He is one of the busi- 
est of this bus\ clas'i of men, and, in addition to 
bearing the burdens plaued upon him by his pa- 
Irons, whose respect and conlidence he h:is won by 
his own elTorts. he must carry the burdens (with 
others) shitted to his shoulders by ohler practition- 
ers who seek the rest t«i wliiell age entitles them. 

(>ur subject is a member of the .\inerican Medi- 
cal Society, and socially, iK-longs to the Ancient 
Free .III d .Vccepteil Mn-soiis. and (iem City Lodge 



of the Independent Order of Odd Fellows. On 
the lllh of June, 1874, he was united in marriage 
with Miss ;\Iagt;ie Richardson, of Bevcrl\', Adams 
County, a daugliterof .lames Richardson, .Ir. They 
have an interesting family of eight children, to 
wliom the Doctor expects to give every educa- 
tional advantage in his power. He has a very 
pleasant residence at No. 411 Elm Street, and he 
and his wife are well known for their hosijitality. 
While his political and religious beliefs have al- 
ways been well defined, and wliile he has always 
aimed to discharge all tlie duties incumbent upon 
him as a citizen, he has never sought prominence 
nor preferment of any kind, other than that which 
has come to him as the reward of professional la- 




ENJAMIN HECKLE is President of the 
Y^ (^uincy Shirt and Overall Company. Men 
('/[■S))||: are to be judged by achievements, and it 
is always safe to accept results as a proof 
of the possession of the powers and capaliilities 
which lead upto them. Of successes in the bus- 
iness world which have been earned by the exer- 
cise of sound judgment, thorough business tact 
and indomitable energy, there is no more eminent 
exemplar in the (4em City than Benjamin Heckle, 
who is at the head of the above-mentioned com- 
jiany. This worthy gentleman is a native of Ger- 
many, born at .Schelingan July 18, 1846, but 
was brought to America at the age of six 
years by his parents, Theodore and Anna M. 
(Meyer) Heckle, who landed at the city of New 
York. After a short sta}' in the metropolis, they 
removed to the prairies of Iowa and settled on a 
farm, where part of the boyhood of young Benja- 
min was spent. In 1859, he was sent to the par- 
ochial schools of (^umcy, where he pui'sued his 
studies very profitably for some time, after which 
he returned to his home in Iowa, and remained 
under the shelter of the paternal roof until 1860, 
when he returned to t^uiucy and began clerking 

on a steamboat on the Mississippi River. He be- 
gan serving in this capacity at very moderate 
wages, but as his services began to be appreciated 
by his employer he was promoted from time to 
time, until he easil\' commanded i^lSO per month. 
Upon first starting out in life for himself he had 
no means, and only possessed a common suit of 
clotiies, and a hat that cost six cents. He was pru- 
dent and economical in his expenditures, and 
wlien he left the river he had saved a snug little 
sum of money, which enabled him to gain a foot- 
hold in other occupations. 

In 1866, he began clerking in an estalilishment in 
l^uincy, but after some time he started in business 
on his own responsibility and until 1872 success- 
fully conducted a general store. In 1871, he took 
for his partner through life Miss Victory Mast, of 
Ouincy, who has proved a true helpmate to him in 
more wajs than one. He continued in business 
until 1882, when he was elected to the position of 
Sheriff of Adams County on the Democratic ticket, 
taking possession of the ortice in December of 
the same year. He made a faithful, efficient and 
courageous officer, and upon his retirement from 
the office at the end of his term he was a])i)ointed 
Deputy Revenue Collector for the Eighth District 
of Illinois for three years I)}' President Grover 
Cleveland. In this position he acquitted himself 
with his usual ability and good judgment, and 
won golden opinions for liimself as a painstaking 
and zealous official. 

Following this, he helped to organize the (^uincy 
Shirt and Overall Companj-, of which he was im- 
mediately made President, and which position he 
has since continued to hold. This company is 
engaged in the manufacture of .shirts, pants, over- 
alls and jackets, and has built up a business of 
vast proportions. The high commercial character, 
the discriminating judgment, the eye that sees and 
the executive ability that is enabled to improve 
opportunities, are attributes possessed by Mr. 
Heckle in a marked degree and the establish- 
ment over which he has control is a recognized 
synonym for all that is popular, progressive and 
honest. His personal character is as high as his 
business repute, his honorable deportment in all 
the relations of life commanding the confidence 

'^a ~/^ ' P-^^'-^^^i^-^i^s.^yT-^f^^ 

poRrn.MT ANT^ niornLvrriiC'AL record. 


hikI rfs|N>('t of all wliu kiu>w liim.niicl liiii^reiu'iiiiis 
natiin- uflrii >lii>ws itsflf in friMHu-iit anil lil«T!il 
uifts l4i worlliv fliaritii-*. Tiii- i'iiin|>an_v I'lnplov;* 
fruin seventy-five tti eii»lily-five girls aiitl eleven 
men. an<! is well repti-sciiti'il liy Iravelini,' sales- 
men on tlie road. Mr. Heckle lia.< u siilisUintial 
re,Hi<len«'e. suri-utinded hy a >>\nn''\o»s and well-kept 
lawM.Mt N... 7lM North Twelfth Street. 


and hunonililc dealinj^ and for their repntation as 
far-si<;hted. i-iiergttie an<l enterprising men of 

To .Mr..nM<l Mi->. Ijiwrence have lK>en horn three 
ehilflren: K. Klla. Laura K. and Willis (i. Asa 
good eitizen should, he t4ike> a deep interest in 
politie!« and is a strong Deniocral in wor<i and 
ileed. Socially, he is a nirmU-r of the .MiL-<ontc 
frat<>rnity, in which liody he stands high, lie is 
c<)nne<'ted with the Christian Church liy memlM-r- 
ship and we lind his name a.ssocinted with manv 
net- (if lieiii'Viili'nce and many kind tleeds. 

OAKRKri- W . LAW KI;N( i:, the leading mer- 
I chant at I'ayson, is prominent and well 
known in husiness circles throughout .\dams 
(Viunty. lie was iMirn in I'ayson Township in IH.'iT 
and was ijiven g«»od educational advantage* in the 
comniou schiHi|>. lie is the son of Uliiford and 
.lane (Shepherd) Lawrence, native.-, of Kentnckv 
and Illinois res|>ectively, who are now living in 
I'ayson Township, lie is one in a family of seven 
chihlren ami wa.- reared to hecoine a good citizen 
l>y his worthy parents. 

The laily to whom our siilijecl was married in 
l«M(l was .Mi>s Li/zie Schroih, a d.-inghter of 
Henry Schroth. The young couple Inter removed 
to llannilial. Mo., where Mr. Ijiwrence was en- 
gaged with the Missouri, Kansas .V Texas Railroad 
Company for two years, after which he worked for 
the Kinpire Lumher CoiiipMiy the same lens^'tli of 
time. Returning to this place in .March. IXXH, he 
at once engaged with (Jeorge S<'hroth as general 
merchant, which partnership l:i>te<l for two years. 
At the end of ihat lime, Mr. S-liiolh sold his in- 
terest in the business U) his father, with wlmiii .Mi. 
Ijiwrencc was as>o<.Mated until the death of that 
gentleman in the fall of IK'.il. 

In the spring of 1«1I2, .Mi-. Ljiwrciicc ami 
A. T. Cook consoliilated their stock of gooil.-. 
nn<l in their neatly arranged esUililishmeiit will 
Im' found .all articles necessary to supply their 
trade. They conduct their liusine,s.s s»teiiiat- 
ii-;illy, promptly and after the l>est methods, and 
their names stand high in Mnancial circles wher- 
ever they are known for their strictly honest 



i'l SAA( L. F.M'CKTI'. .\ young and enthusi- 
astic man, for whom his friends preilict a fam- 
Js oils future, is he whose name is at the head of 
the present sketch. lie may never outdo the 
wizard Kdison, hut the future will lell how near 
he will cunie to l)C his equal. The city of t^iiiney 
is tile home of the young electrician into 
hands has heeii placed the duty of managing the 
engines of the t^uincy Horse Railway and Carry- 
ing Comjiany. This is one of the linest and Itest- 
eipiipped power houses in the Inited .Slates, and 
li.-ts the IkwI engine in the city. 

Our subject was liorii in Rernadotte, in Fulton 
County, III., .lune 7, IKli.'t. He is the son of 
l«aac Faiieett, an Knglish farmer, who UH-.nl4'd on 
a farm in Fulton County. He served two yeai> 
in the Civil U'ar. aiwl in 1«7I he t<M(k up a 
homestead claim at LiiiioIti, Neb., and after 
proving his pro|H'ity by one year's residence, he 
moved into the city of Lincoln, but died soon 
after, in the (Ifty-first year of his age. The mother 
of oiir subject wit* I'hielie (iaiif, who wiu* liorii in 
Illinois, lint whos«- father came from (ieriiiany. 
The latter now livi's near Ik-rnndotte, at the ad- 
vanced age of eighty-eight years, and is an earnest 
;ind valued iiieml>er of the Christian denomina- 
tion. The lieloved mother of our subject died in 
]KM. Hiivi] forty-live, and left three children. 



Saiali, is Mrs. Miec, .inrl resides in Denver, Colo. 
IClraer D. is an electrician for the Electric Com- 

Mr. Faueett of this notice was reared in Illinois, 
but in 1871 he accompanied his father to Ne- 
braska. In the spring of 1873, after the death of his 
father, he drove the farailj ))ack to Illinois, and 
a long journej' it was b}- team, and we can 
imagine the great sadness of it. His mother 
located in Vermont, Fulton County, and then 
this very brave little lad had a chance to go to 
school. However, as there was no father's strong 
arm to provide for the little family, it was neces- 
sary for Isaac to begin farm work when only 
eleven or twelve years of age. He was offered 
So a month, and considered it good wages, and 
continued on the farm until he was nineteen. In 
1884, his natural talents asserted themselves, and he 
became river fireman on the"Prescott," and staid 
one .year, and then for a j'ear was on the "Parke 
Bluff." He then changed to the boat,"Burt E. Liiie- 
han," where he did duty a year. He later became 
assistant engineer for the (iuincy Light Company, 
and continued there until 1889, when he went 
to Brookfleld, Mo., and was there engaged for 
one j'ear, conducting the Brookfleld Electric 
Light Company. JUI3' 22, he was made chief 
engineer of the C^uinc^' Company, and superin- 
tended the placing of the engines for the power 
house on straight foundations. The engine, a 
Hamilton-Corliss, is of four hundred horse power, 
and there are four dynamos. He has one assistant, 
two firemen and one night watchman. 

The gentleman who is our subject took as his 
bride Miss Louisa Noakes, a native of the Windy 
Citj'. She was reared in Quincy, and has made her 
husband a good wife. They have two bright chil- 
dren, who are yet too young to show whether they 
have inherited the mechanical genius of their 
father or not. Their names are Edith 1'. and Law- 
rence E. 

Mr. Faueett is socially inclined, and is a mem- 
ber of the Independent Order of Odd Fellows, and 
also of Quincy Lyceum of Stationarj- Engineers, 
and is the Assistant Engineer in this society. He 
believes firmly in the principles of the Republi- 
can iiartv. but like many other tivlented men he 

does not aspire to office. He has just applied for 
a patent on an oil-filler, which is very practical, 
and which he intends to manufacture. 

Mrs. Faueett is an exemplary member of St. 
John's Catholic Church, and is a lady of much 
scns^ and good judgment. She and her husband 
are well informed, and he is thoroughly posted on 
all electrical developments. 

•'•-►•ii^ -I I P >■ F 

? I I I ' I ' < 

s-HOMAS R. WIIHAY, :\r.l)., who is engaged 
in the practice of medicine in Golden, is 
recognized as one of the leading members 
of his profession in this part of the county. He 
was born in Adams County, in 1844, and is a son 
of David Whray, who was born in South Carolina, 
in 1811. Emigrating to lUinoi? in a very early 
day, he aided the pioneers in that struggle with 
the Indians which is known as the Black Hawk 
War. His family numbered two sons and two 

The subject of this sketch was reared amid the 
wild scenes of frontier life and shared with the 
family in its experiences and hardships. The com- 
mon schools afforded him his early educational ad- 
vantages, after which he attended the High School 
in Quincy, HI. At length, he determined to make 
the practice of medicine his life work, and to this 
end began studying with Dr. A. E. McNeal in 
1870. He was graduated from the College of 
Physicians and Surgeons, of Keokuk, Iowa, in 
1878, and immediately thereafter entered into 
practice in Columbus, this county, where he re- 
mained for four years. His next location was in 
La Prairie, 111., where he spent about eigiit jears 
engaged in the practice of medicine. On the ex- 
piration of that period, he came to fiolden, in 
18811, and has since been one of the leading physi- 
cians in this part of the count3'. He makes a speci- 
alty of lung trouble and also i)ractices surgery. 

In the year 1867, the Doctor was married to 
Miss Rachael Livengood, who was born in Missouri 
in 184(5. The following children grace their union: 

PORTHMT AND r.lOni{.M>lll( Al. IMToHD. 


Mai V. Ihmii ill IKtiH, wh-s educnled in 1^ I'lairii-. 111., 
iukI is iiiiw tfnvliiii<! in the .schools of (loldcn; 
Nettie. Ijorii in IbC'.). died in 1S71; Lewis, horn in 
1m7;I. was educated at Iji Prairie; Tlioinius, iMirn in 
1«78 and Halph. in 1HXI. are still under the pa- 
rental roof. 

In reliffious heiief, the DcK'tor is a Methodist and 
in his siK'ial relations is eoniiected with the Odd 
Fellows' society, heinji ii nienilier of the suhordinate 
lod^e. Dnrinsj the late w«r he gave evidence of 
his loyaitv to the (Jovernment by enlistinsr in the 
service in 186t, when twenty years of !i;:e. lie 
became a nieinlier of the (iiie Hundred and Tliirty- 
seventh Illinois Infantry and served for four 
months, when he was honorably discharged, lie 
li.i.s ever been a faithful citizen and takes an active 
interest in all that pertains to the welfare of the 
community. His skill and ability in his chosen 
|)rofession have won him an enviable reputation 
and secured him a lilteral patronajije. which he well 
deserves. He ranks high among his professional 
brethren and is known as one of the leading ))hysi- 
cians of Nortli Kast Township. The Doctor made 
a trip to .Montana Territory in IHCG and remained 
aliout two years, engaging in the cattle trade and 
mining. The journey to Montana occupied three 

^^^^••^OKGK VOLLHRACHT. There is always 
II '^ more or less curiosity in regard to the true 
>^^ and inner history of men wh<» were born in 
a foreign country but who have been long and 
favoralily identilied with the social and bnsine,s.s 
interests of any conininnity. Thus the biogrnpli\' 
of Mr. Vollbraeht will undoubtedly prtive interest- 
ing alike to old and young, a-s he wius born in 
Prussia, (Jerinany, and has been a resilient of 
Adams County since eight years of age. 

The birth of our subject occurred in IHI.'i, and 
ill IH.")!, in company with iiis parents and five 
brothers, he emigrated to the I'nited Stales and 
immediately came with lliein to <^uin(y. where 

they made their home for four years. Then, liK-ut- 
ing in Concord Township, this county, the father 
there departed this life, in IHCl, while Mi-s. Voll- 
braeht lived to attain the advance<l age of seventy- 
eight years. 

(;eorgc,of this sketch, wiLs the fourth in order of 
birth of the parental family of live sons who grew 
to mature years. <ine having dietl on the Mississippi 
River while en route to this State. Cluirles now 
makes his home in Concord Township, where he 
has a family of eight children: Charles, .lull lis. Mary, 
Fredericka. Kva, (ieorge. Waller, and Krana; 
Henry, the second son, resides near Camp Point, 
III., and is the father of the following-named 
si.\ children: Mary, Louis, Cliri.--tian, William, 
Sophia and Henry; Christ, the next in order of 
birth, resides in Concord and has a family of nine 
children: Louis:i. William. (Jotfried, Henry. Carl. 
Mary, .lolin, Minnie and Kdward; William, who is 
the lifth son, also makes his home in Concord and 
is the father of six children: (ieorge, Finma. .\niiie, 
Sophie, Betsey and AIIkmI. 

The original of this sketch grew in niatuie \fars 
in this county, where he wsis brought up toa knowl- 
edge of farm duties, aixl when it liecame necessary 
for him to select acalling in life he naturally cliose 
the avocation of an agriculturist. His experience 
ha.s been wide and varied, and, as a true oiti/eii 
should, he always takes an active |tart in public 
affairs, and possesses inlelligent views on all »ul»- 
jectsof interest, particularly on political ijuestions, 
as he is ail ardent supitorter of the Democratic 
party, which body he has represented a.s a delegate 
to various conventions from Liltert}' Township. 

Miss .Sophie S. .Sdinelleand Mr. \'ollbracht were 
married in l«(!l, and the young couple at onec 
Ijegan life on ji new farm. To them has been 
granted a family of seven children, who ari' 
respectively Louisa. .Mrs. William .Michael, of this 
township; Charles, Frank, William, Fred. Theo- 
dore and Carrie. 

Our subject has U-en very successful in his farm- 
ing fiperations, and al the present time owns two 
hundred and seventy acres of valuable land, which 
hi> industry an<l good jutjgment have placed under 
excellent tillage. For two yeai>, he operatcil the 
Fanner-' lloine Ibilcl. in <^iiiii!'y. which under his 



supervision laiilved among the best in the city. 
He was appointed Deputy- Sheriff, under Ben 
Heckle, and during liis four years' iucunilienc}' of 
the office gave entire satisfaction to the people. In 
other respects he is honorable, discharging his ob- 
ligations as a citizen of this great Commonwealth, 
and is held m hiyh esteem l)v all who know him. 


SDAVARD SAHLAND. This clever young 

gentleman is a member of the Arm of Haug 

^ it Sahland. proprietors of the Gem City 

Fence Manufacturing Com]iany. His partner is 
Frank Haug, and the two together conduct a 
thriving Inisiness in the manufacture of a coml)i- 
nation wire and picket fence. 

Our subject was born in <^uiucy. 111., .tan nary 
1, 1862. His father, Edward, came very near 
being a Russian, as he was born in Torgau, in 
Prussia, on the Russian line, in 1826. He was a 
well-educated man. and had long been Librarian 
of the Public Library. He came to America at 
the age of twenty-two, and on reaching Quiucy, 
111., he engaged in the grocery business and later 
in the shoe business. Still later, he became a part- 
ner with Menke, Grimm & Co., and was stock- 
holder, director and book-keeper until his death, 
November 15, 1878. In 1859, he married Mary 
Herleman, a native of (Juinc}-, who was the 
daughter of Nicholas Herleman, a (icrman farmer 
who settled here at an early day. Mrs. Herleman 
is still living. Mrs. Sahland, the mother of our 
suliject, resides on the corner of Fourteenth and 
Spring Streets, which is a very fine place of resi- 
dence. She has> had five children, three of whom 
are deceased. Our subject's brother Walter is assist- 
ant book-keeper in Bull's Bank. 

Edward was raised .and educated in the public 
schools of Quincy, attended the tiera City Business 
College, and completed that course when only 
eighteen years old. He was then apprenticed to 
learn the trade of a carriage-maker in the Ilynes Car- 
riage Company', where he remained four jears. He 

afterward worked for Zimmerman & Heimlich, and 
for different parties until 1X87, when he began the 
grocery business at the corner of Ninth and State 
Streets, and later was a partner in the firm of 
Sahland ct Marsh for two years. He then went to 
Silver Spring Park, Fla., Itought a five-acre tract 
and set out an orange grove. He attended to its 
cultivation, and built a cottage and dining his 
residence there was Assistant Postmaster under 
R. C. Loveridge. Two years later, he returned 
to Quincy and bought an interest in the fence 
business, and has continued there until the pres- 
ent time. The firm manufactures fencing and 
the (iem C'ity Fence jMnchiues, and keeps one 
man on the road beside ]\Ir. Sahland. The fac- 
tory is located at Nos. 1007 and 1009 Broad- 
way, and gives employment to ten men. This 
business has been wondeifvdly successful, because 
those engaged in it are strictly honest, enterpris- 
ing men. 

Our sul)ject is a memlier of the Knights of 
Pythias and the Independent Order of Odd Fel- 
lows, and is very decided in his preference for the 
Keijublican party. Mr. Sahland retains an affec- 
tionate remembrance of his father, whose exam- 
ple he endeavors to follow. 

M OEL D. SHERRICK. The subject of this 
notice is an energetic young farmer of 
llonslon Township. He born on sec- 
tion 2(1 in this township, in the old Sher- 
rick homestead, in Adams County. His i)arents 
were of old and very highly respected fam- 
ilies, his mother having been a Strickler, whose 
family is noticed elsewhere, and his father, Martin, 
a well-known farmer of this township. 

Joel received a common-school education, and 
remained at home until he was twenty-one, and 
engaged in his favorite occupation of farming on 
the old homestead. After his marriage, he located 
on his own farm, which is a part of the old home- 
stead. It is one of the finest farms in Houston, 





and III' ha.- iin|iruvwl it witli a lai};i' new finnii' 
housoand liani. IIi- iiaypiit lu'ilye fences arounil liis 
fields and has piirelia-eil all niodein ini|in>veinenUi. 
Tlie farm i- on •■|!il: Nei'k" lunirii-. and is very 

Mr. Slierrick lia> lieen twice niarrietl, the tii*t 
time to Miss Kdith .\. Brown, in Felirnary, IHTB, 
who died ei«rhteen months later, leaving a dann;h- 
ter. Kdith. .Mrs. Sherriok was a native of Mons- 
ton Township, and a daughter of Willinni and 
Dolly Hrown. Her father was for many years a 
prominent farmer in the township, and died in 
1889. He had served the township a.>< .Sui>ervisor 
and Si'lniol Trustee. His widow i^ now li\in;r in 
Camp I'oint. 

In 187"J. our subject married .Miss .Iose|>hine 
Harris. (See family sketch.) Their home has 
been liles.sed with live iuterestinjj children, as 
follows: Martin, l-uilier. Charles, May and .lolin K. 

Mr. Sherrick is no olliee-seeker. but believes in 
the print'iples of the Republican party. Both he 
and his worthy wife are members of the Methodist 
K|>iscopal Church, in which he has been very active 
as Chi.-s-leadcr and Sunday-school Supeiintendcnt 
for .several years. 

Men who have farms of three hundred and lifty- 
six acres of land to attend to do not have time 
to w.a.ste in seekinjf olKee of any kind, therefore, 
Mr. Sherrick remains carefully Iookin<; after his 
own interests, and is highly rc.-pccted by his 
neifjhliors. He raises high-grade stock, and Short- 
horn cattle. 


— s«=*= 

OHN .1. I'.oN.NKT. .So far from merely pre- 
.senting a com|iilation of sU»ti.sties and ctin- 
densod f;icts showing the resource:- and 
bu>inc>s status of (^uincy and the western 
l)ortion of the .State, it is considered compatdile 
with the nature of this work to review in detail 
those i'ntcrpri>es which exert especial intere.-l 
upon the industrial and eonunereial standing of 
the f\i\. It will be found upon examination that 

l^nincv is not flelicient in thnt distinctive Wcdern 
spirit of enterprise and progress which hits done 
so much to develop the rcsour<'es of this coniitiy. 
The important >tove manufactory of which .Mr. 
Bonnet is President was founded in IXtl-'l. .■iiid 
has been in .active operation ever since. 

Mr. Bonnet was born in Wittenlierg, (lermany. 
.March I, IK.tO. a son of .lohn and Rachel ( Ber- 
ringer) fioiinet. the former of whom was a jeweler 
by trade. His family came to America when the 
subject of this sketch was a sinnll lad, and the 
f:ither was engaged in selling cbK'ks throughout 
the .State of Ohio. His declining yeai-s weres|)eiit 
in Zanesville. where he passed from life in IHNj. 
His family consisle<l of eight childri'ii. of whom 
the subject of this sketch was the third in order 
of biith. He acipiired his education in the public 
schools of Z.'inesville, and in that cit\'. while in 
his teens, began learning the niolder'.s trade. 

In the spring of ix.')(!. Mr. Bonnet came to 
t^uincy. and in isfi;5 embarked in the foundry 
business on his own account, as a member <if the 
firm of White. Bonnet A: Co., which connection 
continued for thne years, when the firm name 
was changed to Bonnet. Duffy iV Co., mannfaetur- 
eis of stoves. .Mr. Bonnet soon bought out Mr. 
I)ufl"y"s interest, and the tirm name was changed 
to Bonnet it Nance, and as siirh continued until 
1K«7, when it was merged into a st<K'k comp.'iny, 
upon the organi/.ation of which .Mr. Bonnet was 
made President, which po-sition he still continues 
to hold. They manufacture cooking st<»ves, ranges 
and heating stoves, which they disp<ise of to 
retailers and jobbers. They employ one hundred 
skilled men in their works, which are liM-ated on 
the line of the Chicago, Burlington A: <^uiu<'V 
Railroad. The enterprise which they have built 
up takes a justly prominent rank among the in- 
dustries of the city. The foundry is Iitt4'd with 
all modern appliances and convenience.« for the 
ellicient and prompt execution of the work. With 
an experience of nearly thirty years. .Mr. Bonnet 
holds a prominent position among the manufactur- 
ers of the West. 

.Mr. Bonnet married, in IMtKI, to Miss Margaret 
A. l-awlter. of <iuincy, daughter of .loseph 
ber, one of tin- verv earlv seltlei-s of Adams 



County. Tlie ijiiuriage lias resulted in the birth 
of the following children: Louisa S., widow of 
George F. Jordan; James W., Treasurer of the 
Bonnet-Xance Stove Company; Charles J., (ieorge 
H., and Loienzo A. JMr. IJunnct is a wide-awake 
man of affairs, is a shrewd financier, and has 
ever had the good judgment to grasp at opi)firtu- 
nities for bettering his financial condition, but 
never at the cost of his self-respect, or to the det- 
riment of others. He is the soul of honor, a gen- 
erous giver to entei'prises of a worthy nature, and 
public-spirited and enterprising. In politics, he is 
a Democrat. He is a thorough judge of his busi- 
ness in all its dejiartments, and is shrewd and prac- 
tical in the conduct of his affairs. He is a prom- 
inent Mason, a member of the Consistory, having 
attained the Thirty-second Degree. Tlie family 
attends the Methodist Church. 

^t?OHN A. ALLEN. A plain, unvarnished 
statement of the facts embraced in the life 
of ]Mr. Allen, a man well and favorably 
known to the people of Adams County, 111., 
is all that we profess to be able to give in this 
history of the county; and yet, upon examination 
of those facts, there will be found the career of 
one whose entire course through the world has 
been marked by great honesty and fidelity of 
purpose. He is a native of the Empire State, 
born in Dutchess Count}- on the 14th of Decem- 
ber, 1829, and is the eldest son of ten children 
born to John and Anna M. (Forrester) Allen, the 
fatiier a native of Gloucestershire, England, and 
the mother of Dutciiess County, N. Y. John 
Allen, father of our subject, left his native coun- 
try- for this when a single man and for a number 
of years was a resident of New York State. Later, 
he moved to Woonsocket, R. I., and there passed 
the remainder of his days. He was a woolen 
manufacturer by occupation and .in energetic, 
thorough-going business man. 

The original of our sketch was educated in the 
common schools of Woonsocket, R. I., until four- 
teen years of age, and finished at Buschel Ocana 
College, at Smithfield. R. L. wheie he remained a 
few months. Subsequently, he entered New- 
berry Academy in New York City and under 
Dr. Lausen Prome pursued his studies diligently 
for three years, graduating in 1848. Returning 
to Kiiode Island, he began reading law with Whit- 
ney Robinson. In the year 1861, his patriotism 
was greatly aroused by seeing the troops on their 
way to meet the enemy, and he enlisted in the First 
Regiment, Rhode Island Infantry, serving three 
months under (4en. Burnside. After the battle of 
Bull Run, lie returned to Rhode Island and was 
made Captain of tiie Ftunth Rhode Island Infantry. 
Later, by his brave and meritorious conduct, he 
was promoted to the rank of Major and was with 
Gen. Burnside at the battles of Hatteras, Roanoke, 
New Berne, Ft. Machen, etc. He bore a conspicu- 
ous part in all these engagements, and performed 
efficient service. He captured Morehead City and 
Wolfert, and was afterward appointed Military 
Governor of that district, which position he held 
with much distinction until May, 1862, at which 
time he was appointed Provost-marshal. In all 
the trying scenes and desperate engagements in 
which he participated lie acquitted himself witii 
credit and renown. 

When peace was declared, Mr. Allen returned to 
his home in Rhode Island, and being possessed of 
much natural business acumen, he engaged in 
merchandising, which he carried on until 1868. 
In April of that year, he moved to (.^uincy, 111., 
and following in the footsteps of his father, be- 
gan manufacturing clothing on his own account. 
This business he carried on successfully until 1873, 
when he sold out, and in November of that year 
was elected Justice of the Peace, whicii position he 
holds at the present time, discharging its duties in 
a veiy satisfactory and able manner. In politics, 
Mr. Allen is a pronounced Democrat and he has 
ever advocated the principles of that party. Soci- 
ally, he is a member of the Royal Arcanum. 
He is active in all enterprises that tend to improve 
or benefit his town and county, and is a gentle- 
man who merits the esteem and good-will of all. 



111 tlic year 1 »(>;'», uftcr ivliiniiii}^ fmin llie war 
wlierp lip had <lis|ilnye<l ■*<) nim-li liraverv and gal- 
lantiv. In- wiu- imitpil in iniii'i'in<;c to Miss Anna 
.M. Lant'. of Dallas City. One child. Kol)eit, has 
been born to them. Up is elprkini,' in i^niiu'V. 


J'ASl'KR WIirnoMll. Auionfrthenien who 
are pultivating a portion of the soil of 
I'ayson Townsliip to jjood advantairc is the 
j;pnt|pnian abovp n.tnipd. wliosp pleasant 
home is located on section 22. lie is the foiliin- 
atp possessor of two hundred and thirty-two acres 
of pxcellciit land, upon wiiich lie has erected a 
commodious farm residence and tlie accompanying 
outbuildings, which are also substantial and well 
designed for (heir respective purposes. The at- 
tention of the passer-by will at once be called to 
the neatness ami order which everywhere ]irevail, 
anil the opinion will rca<liiy be fornu'd that the 
pro|)rietor of the place understands his business. 

Our subject was born in Trumbidl ('tiunty,Ohio, 
in 1«2.'>, and was a lad of eight years when his 
parents came to this county and located on the 
farm where he makps his home at the present time. 
His parents, Wyniaii and l.ura (IJrockway) Whit- 
conib, were natives respectively of \'ermonl and 
New York, the father born in 17'.I8, and the 
mother in 18(1.'?. Their family com|)rised nine 
children, seven of whom grew to mature years, 
of whom our subject was the eldest. Ili> brothers 
and sisters were Orvdla. Mrs. .lames T. Taylor, 
who died at her home in Hourbon County. Kan., 
in IK'.tl; Dwight. who makes his home in Hancock 
County, III.; Kliza. who married Israel Cani|i. of 
ISourbon County. Kan.; David, who is residing 
in I'ayson; .Moses, who makes his home in IJour- 
lM>n County, and Ora, who is the wife of . I. M. 
Hrodie. Harriet died at the age of nine years, 
and -Moiizo departed tliis life when six years of 

David Whitcomb. the grandfather of our sub- 
ject, was a native of Vermont, and married Miss 

Ora liipharilson, an l-lastern lady, by whom he \>e- 
came the father of six sons and one daughter. 
The \Vhil«'ombs originally came from Wales, and 
have represent.itives in nearly all the professions. 
The lady to whom our subject was married in IM.'iii 
was Isabella S(ewar(. and (o (hem were Uirn six 
children, of whom .1, Kveret, .Vlmira, |{. Henry 
and William S. are living, .\nnie and l.ura are 
dei-t'ased. Mr. an<l .Mrs. Whitcomb are devoted 
niembei's of the Missionary Itapti.^t Church, and 
siK-ially, <iur sul>ji'c( is connected widi (he .Masonic 

.\s every loyal citizen should, our subject takes 
considerable interest in politics, and is a st^kiich 
advocate of the DeiniK-ratic party. He is public- 
spirKed and never loses an opportunity toatlvocale 
the welfare of his adopted township, materially. 
st)cially or religiously. He has been ctuinected with 
the MjuHMiic fraternity for thirty years, and is a 
charter member of 1-odge Xo. 529. .V. K. and .V. .M., 
of I'lainviile. He served as ScIhkiI Trustee in I'ay- 
son for about twelve years, and h.nsbeen zealous and 
efflcient in educational matters. He h,as succeeded 
well in worlilly affairs, and is able to surround his 
family with all (he comforts and many of (he lux- 
uries of life. 

■>^<>1{HIS (()N(t\KI{. a repiesen(a(ive and 
progressive farmer, who resides on .section 
II, Lima Townsliip, was born in llamiltrui 
Coun(y, Ohio, December 2!l, 1m;!1. His 
father, .loiiah Conover. and his grandfather, .lolin 
Conover. were natives of New .Iei>ey. The latter 
emigrated to Ohio, and thence came to Illi- 
nois, where he died at an advanced age. The 
father accompanied his parents to ()hio. and w.-is 
married in Clermont County to l-lsther Honian. a 
native of New .lei-sey. Kor a niimlK-r of years, he 
followed agricultural pursuits in the Buckeye Stale, 
and ill Ifi.'tT emigrated with his family to Adams 
County, locating in l.iina Township, where he ptir- 
chast'rl land and built a frame house. He Imiiv all 



the experiences of pioneer life and performed the 
xirdiious task of clearing, developing and improv- 
ing a new farm. He became a prominent and 
influential citizen of the community and held a 
nunilter of public offices. In his early life, he was 
a member of the Methodist Protestant Church, but 
afterward united with the Christian Church. He 
died in 1871, at the age of sixty-three years. 
The death of his wife occurred July 19, 1889, and 
many friends mourned the loss of this worthy 

Our subject is the eldest of their five living 
children. Tiie greater part of his life has been 
spent in this county, where he was reared and 
educated, his school privileges, however, being 
very limited. He remained at home until twenty- 
two years of age, and then started out in life for 
himself, purchasing land on section 11, Lima 
Township, where he has since made his home, 
devoting his energies exclusively to farming. He 
owns one hundred and sixty acres of arable land, 
which is under a high state of cultivation, and 
upon it he has made many good improvements. 

In 1854, Mr. Conover was joined in wedlock 
with Sarah Bragg, daughter of Benjamin and 
Hannah (Rich) Bragg, the former a native of 
Massachusetts, and the later of Vermont. Their 
marriage was celebrated in the Green Mountain 
State; from there they emigrated to Ohio, where 
Mrs. Conover was born. Her father was a car- 
penter by trade. He came to Quincy, but after a 
short time went to Missouri. Later, he returned 
to Adams County and located in Lima Township, 
where he carried on business as a carpenter and 
builder for some 3-ears. He was called to his final 
rest in 1877, and his wife, who was a member of 
the Christian Churdi, passed away in 1886. Their 
family numbered eight children, all of whom are 
3'et living. 

Unto Mr. and Mrs. Conover were born the 
following children: Sarah L., now deceased; Dora 
A., Mary K., Thaddeus X.; Gertrude J., who is 
engaged in teaching music, and Electa and Hannah, 
both deceased. The family is one of jirominencu 
in the community, its members I'anking higli in 
social circles, and the Conover home is the 
abode of hospitality. The parents are both mem- 

bers of the Christian Church, and, in politics, Mr. 
Conover is a Repulilican. We see in him a self- 
made man, who by his own efforts has worked his 
wa}' upward from a humble position to one of 
success, and is numbered among the substantial 
farmers of the communitv. 


yG. McLOSKEY, M. D. Dr. McLoskey has 
been a resident of (Quincy, 111., since 1874, 
and during that time his career as a prac- 
titioner of the healing art, as well as his upright 
and honorable conduct as a citizen, has won for 
him golden laurels. Like many of the representa- 
tive men of this county, he claims Pennsylvania as 
liis native State, and was born in Washington 
County January 18. 1818. He comes of a promi- 
inent Scotch family, his grandfather l)eing a native 
of the Highlands of Scotland, and no doubt inher- 
its his thrift and energy from that source. The 
grandfatiier crossed the ocean to America at an 
earh' date and received his final summons in Mis- 

Our subject, the eldest son of six children born 
to his parents, his father being John McLoskey, 
passed his boyhood and youth in Washington 
County, Pa., and enjoyed the advantages of a 
common-school education. In the j'ear 1834, he 
emigrated with his parents to Greene County, 111. 
Later, feeling the need of a better education, he 
entered Jefferson Academy, where he remained 
for some time, and then entered McDowell Col- 
lege, St. Louis, from which institution he grad- 
uated in 1850. Subsequently, he began reading 
medicine with Archibald McLoskey, of St. Charles, 
Mo., and afterward moved to Coles County, HI., 
where he carried on a general practice, but only 
for a short time. 

In the year 1874, he moved to Quincy, 111., and 
here he has since resided, engaged in the active 
practice of his profession. The people of Adams, 
as well as surrounding counties, are familiar with 
his name, and he has shown iiiniself eminently 


1*0RTRAIT AM> ''H » ;i;.\ I'lIK A I. RWOHD. 


WMitliy of tlif ('<inti<IoiiL-o and trust ie|K>M'<l in liiin 
liy all classvs. and is a pliysician of dwidi'd merit, 
lie i> prominent Iv idenlilied with all enterprises 
of a laiidalilc nature and no wcutliy moveinent.s are 
alloweil to fail tlir<.iu<;li nejflif^cnee lui liis |iart. 
In all his relations with the pulilie, he has actpiitted 
himself in a manner relleetiuir eredit upon himself 
and all with whom he comes in eont^u-t. 

( »ur subject seleett'd his bride in the person of 
Kli/.alK'tli Iturns, dauijiiter of Thomas liurns; thev 
were married in l'itt.-liurj;h, I'a., and their nui)tials 
were soleuHii/ed in the spi-injj of 184(1. The do- 
mestic happiness of Dr. and Mi-s. Mcl.oskoy was in- 
creased materially by the birth of five children, two 
living at this time. Mrs. McLoskey died in 187(1. 
Our subject has a comfortable home at No. (WtJ .ler- 
sey Street and this is i)resided over in an admirable 
manner by his worthy and much esteemed sister, 
.Mrs. Myers. Outside of his business successes, the 
Doctor is a gentleman of culture and pleasing 
social qualities, displaying that geniality, liberality 
and hospitable nature which .so pre-eminently 
characterized his ancestors. The interests he has 
shown in the advancement of measures for the 
good of (^uincy since his residence here, and the 
zeal he h:us shown in all projects worth}' of men- 
tion, caused him long since to l»e classed as one of 
the leading citizens. All that he has achieved or 
gained has come as the residt of his own efforl.s. 
.Socially, tlie Doctor is a member of C'ommanche 
Lodge No. (12. of l);ivcni>ort. Iowa. 


"X AKl^ i. .MDV. Ill |M«(i. thcr.- pa-scd 

I from life in Adams Coiinty. 111.. » man 

'%i- -^ who had been identilicd with iimny cnter- 

^ prises of importance, who was public- 
spirited and ent^'rprising to a degree, and whose 
name wjls well known in both s(K'ial and biisiiio- 
circles. This man was I'aris T. .Indy, who was of 
Ocrman-Knglish de.<«cent and came of good obi 
Kentucky slock, lie wa-< born in (lark loiiiil \ ,of 
the Blue llrass Si;iic. Dicciubcr U. l»l(i. and was 

the third son in the family of six chihlreti Ihu'ii to 
Winnepark an<l Anna .Iu(>y. the forHier of whom 
wa» an honest "son of the soil." lie and his wife 
are descended from early Kentucky families, who 
carved out homes for themselves in the wilderne^s 
and laid the foundation for the present magnilicent 
state of civilization and for a refined Common- 

In the cominoii schools of his native State. I'aris 
T. .ludy received his early educational training, 
but at the early age of fifteen years his advantages 
were cut short, and in order to siip|iort himself he 
began teaching school, a calling that (X'cupieil his 
attention for .some time during the winter seasons. 
During this time, his range of vision was by no 
means conlined to the iminediate territory in 
which he li\ed, but, lx>ing familiar will the history 
of Illinois, he was convinceil that the young Slate 
would, in the near future, develop into one of the 
greatest Common wealths of the (nited States, anil 
lime h.HS proved the wisdom of his views. Con- 
vinced of this, he came hither in 18|(l, and for 
several yeai-s thereafter taught the "young idea " 
in Adams County, after which he became <|iiite an 
extensive dealer in real estate and for some time 
thereafter devoted his lime and energies to the 
material advancement of the l>est interests of the 
county. In addition to the duties which the 
magnitude of this business involved, he conducted 
a variety st<u-e at liiirtun, Adams County, III., but 
soon after engaged in auriciilliiral pui-suit.s. and 
from that time his attention was given to that in- 
de|)eiideiil and enjoyable, if lalHjrioiis, pui-siiit, 
fanning. He found thi^ congenial to his tastes, 
and stock-raising was a bii>iii(-s he found ispcci- 
ally agreeable. 

( >ur subject was never a politician in the sense 
of being a public odice-holder; nevertheless, he was 
one of (li<»<e men who exert, without any apparent 
e(Tort to do so, a most important iliMiience on an\ 
coiiimuiiity with which ihey clumce to !«■ identi- 
fied. .V man of keen perception* mid great activ- 
ilv. of public spirit and .vlerliiii; iiitegiity. his aid 
was siilicited for many <'nlerpiises. mid so far as 
these enterprises .M-enied t4i him meritorious, and 
his mc:iiis would allow, he extt'iideil •>ubslanti.-il 
cucouruuciueul. His vote was ever ucl> in fuvor 



of Republican principles and be was at all times a 
strong snpjiorter of the party. Ilis InHiiencc was 
one wliicli quickened into healthful action the 
social, moral and industrial pulse of the commu- 
nity, and thus contributed to its upbuilding, and in 
social life he was considered an acquisition to any 
circle. lie was a ineinl)er of the Ancient Order of 
I'nited Workmen. 

()n the 11th of October, 1851. Mr. .ludy was 
united in married with Miss Nancy Markwell, who 
was born in Flemingsburg, Fleming C'ount\-, Ky., 
.Inly 31, 1815, to James and Rebecca (Valandliani) 
Markwell, being one of their seven children. 
She bore her husband six daughters and one 
son: James M.. at Camp Point, Adams County; 
Adelia A., wife of W. B. Finley, of (iilman 'I'own- 
shii). this county; Rebecca E., wife of Martin 
Taylor, of Lewis County, Mo.; Xantipjie, wife of 
Lycurgus E. Finle>-, of Adams County; Sierra 
Nevada, wife of AVilliam Criswold, also of this 
county; Ida Kate, wife of Charles Horn, and Mary 
I)., wife of Frederick Rush, of Wichita. Kan. The 
mother of these children is of English descent, and 
her ancestors were among the very first settlers of 
Kentucky, while her grandfather, George A'aland- 
hain, was a near neighlior and an intimate friend 
of the celebrated pioneer, Daniel Boone. Mrs. 
Judy has been a resident of <^uinc\' since October, 
1841, and is now occupying a pleasant residence 
at No. 1454 ^'ermont Street. 




"iflOSEPH ESTERLEY. On the 14th of July, 
1892, there died at his pleasant home 
in Quincy, 111., a man whose career was 
marked by enterprise, honesty, sobriety and 

industry, and of him it could be sai^l with the 

greatest fitness, 

" He hore without abuse 

The grand old name of gentleman." 

He was a man of great strength of character, 
and wielded an iatluencc in public affairs which 
will be fell long after his form has mouldered to 

dust. He was a son of the cit3' of <^uinc3', born 
in 1837, his parents being John and Justina 
(Brodbeck) Esterley, both of whom came of sub- 
stantial German stock, which race has been an im- 
portant factor in American progress and civiliza- 
tion. John Esterle}' became a resident of (^uincy, 
III., in 1835, and there he followed the calling to 
which he had been reared, and of which he had a 
thoiough knowledge, carpentering, for many 
years. He was a man who believed in doing 
what he had to do with all his might, and his skill 
as a wielder of the hammer and plane was known 
and appreciated. 

Fnti! he was fifteen years of age, Joseph Esterley 
wasan attendantat the parc>chial schools of t^uinc^', 
and being a youth of considerable mentality, his 
career was marked by ra[)id progress in his studies 
and by a desire to make the most of his opportu- 
nities. Cpon leaving school, he was apprenticed 
to a macliinisl, and worked at the trade until 
1864, and with his usual a|)titudc learned all theie 
was to learn about tlie l)usiness. In 18()5, how- 
ever, he decided to turn his attention to other 
pursuits, and came to the conclusion that the 
gr(K'er3' business afforded as good a field as any for 
the accumulation of a competenc.N, and for four 
\'eai's he devoted his attention faitlifully to this 
calling. At the end of that time, he disposed of 
his stock of goods, and became a member of the 
stock company that organized the Excelsior Stove 
Foundry at t^'uincy, which business he continued 
to follow for two years. Having sold out his in- 
terest at the end of that time, be began devoting 
his attention to agricultural pursuits in Lewis 
County', Mo., and for six years thereafter contin- 
ued to be an energetic tiller of the soil. In 1877. 
he returned to the iiome of his birth, and, resum- 
ing his former occupation of machinist, worked at 
the same with reasonable success until 1884, at 
which time he was made Chief of the (^iiincy Fire 
Department, a ])Osition for which he was admira- 
bly fitted, as he possessed sound and practical 
views, energy and undoulited courage. He held 
this position with the greatest credit to himself 
and to the satisfaction of all concerned until ISIU, 
when he letired. While discharging his duties, lie 
did a great deal towards perfecting the discipline 

roIMKAlI ANF) I'.K M.l; Al'HK AI. IfTf ORI). 

of lii> r<ir('c. and iiii|iiiiviiii; tlic i|i-|i:ii liiii-nl m 
luiinerous ollii-r wa_v.«. itiitl iimi natural (■(in>t'(|ncnte 
his st-rviit's were valued n.s tlicv deserved to lie. 

I'ndiT all cirruinstnnces, he was ie<.M>j;iiized as 
line of lhos(' |>ulilii--s|>irited I'lti/ens who could hi' 
relied upon to aid every worthy enterprise, and 
allhou<;li he was (|uiet and unostentatious in dis- 
pensing I'harity. he did so in that piarticai way 
wliieli ex|)erienfe taught liini aefonipiished the 
Im'sI residt.s. His knowledge of men. like liis 
knowledge of his c.-illing, was of a liroad ehanicl^'r, 
and he was always known ati iilx-ral and cliaritalde 
in liis views, lie was a strong Democrat, and 
soeiaily a nieniher of Mnripielte Lodge No. .'JG, 
I. ( >. (). !■". lie was a charter meml)er of the Mould- 
ers' Tnion of <^uincv. In tlie year 18;")H, lie married 
.Miss Mary C Liilirs. daugiiter of Fre<lcricL i.iihrs, 
of Portsmouth, Ohio, and by her was the fatlierof 
the following children: .Minnie, wife of .lohn 
Livingston, of Kansiis fity. Mo.; .Vnnie, at home; 
Mary, wife of .lohn D'llare, of i^uincy; .loseph, 
.Ir., of <;uincy; Charles II.. also a resident of 
<iuincy; Hose K., Kva C, ItcMijamiii L. and Kdna 
I). The family resides at No. 40X ,lci>ey .Street, 
which is a comfortable and plea-sant home. Mr. 
Ksterley was, as is his wife, a member of St. IVtcr's 
Catholic Church. 


oil N M. LARKL was for maii\ years a 
prominent and honored eiti/.en of .Vdams 
County, and it is Init justice to his family 
that this record of his life lie given in the 
county history, lie wa^ born in X'irginia, in IH27, 
and comes of an old family of that Stale, ills 
parents, .lames and .Margaret Karel, were both na- 
tives of X'irginia. His father served in the War 
of 1HI2, and S. (i. l-juel. the brother of our sub- 
ject, was one of the boys in blue of the lal*- war. 
The family numU-red four sons and two daiigh- 

In his early yeais, the subject of this sketch en- 

i.':4l;ci| 111 icHiliiii;^ x-liool for inaiiv tci nis. ami m 
the same time, during the sumnu-r months, fol- 
lowed farming. .M the age of twenty-three, in 
IKI!I, he was united in marriage with Mailha .!. 
Cleaver, who was born in IH.til. and was the onh 
daughter of Henjamin an<i lj\na Clcnver. Four 
children gniced this union: .\ugustus. Inirn in 
l«.j", was educated in the public schmils and in 
• ^uiiicy, and now operates the old homestead for 
his mother; Mary .\., born in 1852, is the wife of 
('apt. I). M. Morris, by whom she has two children, 
and their home is in Camp I'oint; .\rtliur it., born 
in IH.'il, mari-ieri .\nna Omer, by whom he lia.s 
three children, and they reside on the old li<ime- 
stead; and .lane, born in 18(;(i, is the wife of Sam- 
uel Curry, a resident of Clayton. The children 
were all educated in the (^iiincy s»-liools. and were 
thus lltted ffir the juactical and responsible duties 
of life. 

.Mr. and .Mrs. Ivarel began their domestic life in 
Columbus Township, on a fartn of one hundred 
and sixty acres which he had previously pur- 
chased, and there resided for three years. He then 
removed with his family to his father-in-law's farm 
and ojierated the old homesteail in partnership. 
He afterward purchased one huiKlied and sixtv 
acres of that farm, and engaged in it.<i care and 
cultivation until \Hi\9, when he was elected Sheriff 
of .Vdains County, and removed t<i(juincy. Faith- 
fully he performed the duties of his odk-e, and for 
six years he resided in that city. He then re- 
moved to Abingdon, Knox County, where he en- 
gaged in the bakery business for about six months. 
He then sold out and returned to (^uincy, iK'com- 
ing interested in steamlK)at tninsportation. He 
purclia.sed interests in live of the largest steamers 
on the .MissiKsippi. and t4> that line of business de- 
voted his energies for four veai>. when he sold out 
and returned to the old homestead, where he s|H-nt 
the remainder of his life. 

Ill politics. Mr. Karel was n Democrat, and was 
ipiite a promini-nt meiiilH-r of his party. StM'iallv, 
he w;is connected with the Masonic fraternit\. He 
was charitable and U-nevolent. and the pooi aii<l 
needy found in him a friend. He was .a man of 
strong convictions, ever true to what he lielieved 
to Ik* the right, lie was held in univeiNil regard, 



and was highly esteemed by all. He passed away 
May 2.5, 1881, and his death was mourned bv many 

Mrs. Eai'el, who is a most estimable lady, still 
resides on the home farm with her children. The 
liomestead comprises tliree hundred and sixty acres 
of valuable land, all under a high state of cultiva- 
tion and well improved. 


jf7 EMUEL BURKE, who resides on section 
il (^ 34, is one of the wealthy and representa- 
j^v\ five citizens of Nortli East Township. 
Adams County is the place of his birth, which oc- 
curred in 1833. His ])arents were Fleming and 
Sarah (Horney) Burke, the former a native of 
Russell County, Va., and the latter of (Uiilford 
County, N. C. They were of Scotch and Irish 

In 1831. Fleming Burke came to this count}' 
witli his fatlier, but after a year returned to Xiv- 
ginia. In a short time, however, he again came 
to the West and settled on section 3."), North 
East Township, where he made a claim of one 
hundred and sixty acres of wild land. Tliree 
years later, he sold this claim and removed to 
anotiier farm of a (juarter-section in the .school 
district. There he carried on agricultural i)ur- 
suits until 18aO, when he again sold out. Later, 
he purchased and improved a tract of three liun- 
dred and twenty acres, which he made his home 
\intil his death. He was one of the lionored pio- 
neers of this locality, and was prominently identi- 
fied witli its early history. During the Black 
Hawk War, he enlisted at Rusliville, under Capt. 
Fellows, and served in tliat struggle against the 

The Burke family nuinl>ered the following chil- 
dren: Mary E., now deceased; Robert F., who 
married Miss Barnett and is a grain dealer of 
Plainville, Kan.; our subject; Sarah E,, now Mrs. 
Clark; William H., Lydia D., Louisa and Re- 

Lemuel Burke has spent his entire life in the 
county of his nativitj-. He was reared amid the 
wild scenes of frontier life and, with the family, 
shared in the experiences and liardshijjs which 
fall to the lot of a pioneer. His educational ad- 
vantages were such as the common schools af- 
forded, and he remained under the parental roof 
until after he had attained is majority, when he 
started out in life for himself. He secured a farm 
of eighty acres of prairie land and thirty- .acres of 
timber, and placed it under a high state of culti- 
vation. His father afterward gave to him one 
liundred and sixty acres, and, as his financial 
resources increased, he made additional purchases 
and his farm now comprises five hundred .and 
forty-th-ee acres of rich prairie. It is all under 
a iiigh state of cultivation, the fields are well tilled 
.and the improvements are many. Jn connection 
with general farming, Mr. Burke engages in stock- 
raising and has a line herd of fort}' head of Short- 
horn cattle. He also raises a high grade c)f hogs 
and horses. 

In 18o(), iNIr. ]5urke was united in marriage with 
Miss Ann, daughter of .James Robbins. of North 
East Township. The following children were liorn 
unto them: Addie, born in 18.57; Edward L., born in 
1858, married Amelia .Ihenksy and is baggage- 
master in (ialesburg; Cora A., born in 186(J, is 
the wife of Eugene De Groot, a resident farmer 
of North East Township; L^dia, l)orn in 1862, 
married Ira F. Reynolds; Sarah E., born in 18()6, 
died in childliiiod; and Flora, born in 18(58, is at 

On the 14th of August, 18(52, :Mr. Burke re- 
sponded to his country's call for troops, and, en- 
listing at La Prairie under Capt. .Johnson, became 
a meml)er of Comp.any K. One Hundred and 
Nineteenth Illinois Infantry, in which he served 
three years. He was taken prisoner at Ruther- 
ford .Station, Tenn., but was afterward p;iroled. 
He participated in the Red River campaign and 
in all the battles in which the Sixteenth Army 
Corps was engaged. He was a faithful soldier, 
ever found at his post of duty, and when the 
war was over was honorably discharged. 

For several years. Mi'. Burke was in the employ 
of the Government as special employe uuder the 


L^ ^ /^^/^ ^^^ 



Indiiin nixi'iit, .iiul in |H7(> Imd oliai'^^e of n liiiiiu-li 
of the «;:eiicy at Fl. Itt'lkiinp. Mont. In |)olilii-s. 
Ill' is a Mtjilwarl Mi|)iioitci- of ilio U(|iul>licau 
|iartv and lias licld llic oHii-cs of Tax Collector, 
S*.-liool Director and {'oniniis-ioncr «»f lliirliw(iyi<. 
Sicially, ho is a Knii^lit TcMijilnr Mason and hi;* 
wife is a nieinlx'r of the Mptliodi»t Cliiircli. lie \* 
an «'nti'r|>risinir and proyrcssivt' farmer, is a man 
true to every |iul>lie and private trust, and amon^ 
the valuefl citizens of his township he is numbered. 


I.FHKI) A. WllllM'l.K. .M. I). The med- 
ical fraternity of Adams County would lie 
i!) hut poorly represented in this rolumc were 
not n)entioii made of tlii' irentlcman aliove 
named, who is one of the Icadinir physicians of 
<iuincy. After years of unremitting^ toil, he se- 
cured a line footing; in the profession and a com- 
petence which cnalilcs him to enjoy all the com- 
forts of life. His home, which is «inc of the most 
attractive residences of the city, and his otlice. 
which is >|ileiididly eijiiipped with all neetled med- 
ical appliances, are Ificated at Nos. (>'M and (J.'l'.t 
Maine Street. 

As his life lii>toiy >Iioh>. Dr. Whipple is a self- 
made man, an<l as such deserves the greater credit 
for his acquisitions and attainments. His earliest 
recollecti<uis are of the scenes around lii> father's 
farm in Cattaraugus County. N. Y., where hisliirth 
occurred Octolier ."U, 1 «!."». He is the eldest s<in <if 
Henry F. Whipple, a native of New York, liiit 
reared in I'ennsylvania.and he in turn was the son 
of .Joseph Whipple, of Knirlish des<-ent. Durinfr the 
late war. Henry F. Whipple enlisted and served 
with honor, luit unfortunately was captured at the 
liattle of ( iettysliiirg. sent as a prisoner of war to 
liiehmond. and then to .Anderson villi-, h here he 
died in .Inly, IHiil. 

The moth<-r of our siihject. .Martha A. (Hatch) 
Whipple, w.os liorn in New York Stale, the daiiuhler 
(if Stephen anil Mary Hatch. and is still living al the 
old liomi-stead in Western .New York, Tlie earlv 

lioyhiKid of our suhject was spent on a farm, and 
during the trying times of war he remained at 
home to care for his nnitheraii<l the younger chil- 
dren, of whom there were six. At the age of nine- 
teen years, he entered the employ of the Krie Kail- 
road Company, and remained an eiiiplove of the 
freight department for six yeai-s. 

H.'iving resolved tocho<»efor his life iK'i'iipatJon 
the nitdical profe.-sion. the young man commenced 
to read medicine with Dr. Henry Ijirned. of Sala- 
manca. N. Y.; later, he entered the Fcleclic Medical 
liistitut<> at Cincinnati, from which he was gradu- 
ated, and .afterward wa.s graduated fiom the 
Hahnemann Medical College of Chicago. Having 
gained a thorough theoretical knowledge of the 
healing art, he was prepared to prove his ability 
by practical experience. Opening an ollk-e at Kaii- 
dolpli. ill the westi'rn part of New York, he there 
commenced practice in lN7."»-7(i, and from the tirst 
wiis successful. 

Ill ISMli, Dr. Whipple came to (^uincy to take 
the practice of the late Dr. .Moore, who was the 
successor of Dr. Talcott. He afterward piirchasetl 
his Maine Street property of Dr. Talcott. thus iden- 
tifying himself permanently with (^iiincy as a res- 
ident. The confidence wliich is bestowed u|ion 
him by the people of t^uiiicy and vicinity is not 
misplaced, for lie is skillful in the profession he 
has chosen, is well read in general topii'?'. a keen 
ob-erverof life in its various phages, and Iuls borne 
himself as a man of honor in all the scenes through 
which he has passed. He has In-en very successful 
in alleviating suffering, and well deserves the 
lioiuir which he receives as a memlier of a profes- 
sion which is exceeded in its U-nefits only by the 
iniiiistry, and which, in many res|K>cls. stands si<i,. 
by side with the laUir of a |Mislor. 

The positions of trust in professional ami ^mial 
organizations »liieli li.ave been conferred ii|H>nDi. 
Whipple are numerous. For the |>!»st ten years he 
has served as Tie.asurer of the State Homeopatliic 
Medical Ass4K-ialion. ami still fills that [Hisition. 
Ill aildition, he is identifie<l with the .Vmeriean In- 
stitute of llomeopalliy. its one of its most active 
memlK-rs. For -everal yeai-s lie was a memlH-r of 
the (juiney Koard of Health, and his lalHii> in 
that position weiT iirduoiisand eltlci)>nt, SiK-ially, 




he belongs to Quinc.y Lodge No. 296, F. & A. M.; 
Quiiicy Chapter No. .'>, of which he is High Priest; 
Alaska Commandery No. 5, K. T., and Quincy Con- 

Tlie marriage of Dr. Whii)[)Ie to Miss J,ydia E., 
daughter of Dr. Henry and Mary Lamed, was cel- 
ehrated in October, 1869. Mrs. "\Vliip|)le was 
reared in New York, receiving a good education, 
and grew to womanhood with a character which 
wins for iier many friends wlierever slie is known. 
Slie is a model housekeeper, a sympathizing com- 
panion, and a considerate motiier to her four sons: 
Henry L., Merrilt P.. Arthur 15. and William. The 
daughter, Grace E., died at the age of four years. 


'\f(AMES J. SHANAHAN. One of tlie resi- 
dents of and most prominent men in Quincy, 
who has made himself felt in the commer- 
cial life of the town, is he whose name is at 
the head of this sketch. Although an American 
by birth and education, he is of Insli ancestr}', 
and has always brought to bear in his business 
dealings tlie honesty and energy for which his na- 
tionality' is celebrated. He is one of the most re- 
liable and successful of the builders and contrac- 
tors of Quincy. 

Our subject was born in tiiis citj- December 4, 
1844. He is the son of John Shanaban, who 
came from his native country, Ireland, when a 
young man, and made liis home in St. Louis, 
where lie followed the trade of a blacksmitli. In 
the year 1839. he came to Quincy and engaged in 
farming on land whicli is now included in the 
corporation limits. Later, he became employed 
in street-excavating and contracting. At this 
he continued until tlie time of liis deatli. which 
occurred November 22, 1869. He upheld tlie 
principles of the Democratic i)arty all his life. 
The motlier of our subject was JNIargaret Ma- 
lony, wlio was born in Ireland, but now resides 
at lier liome. No. 827 Jersey Street, Quinc}-, 111. 
Our subject is the (')d('st of cighl cliiUUej) and 

was born in Quincy. and here received a very liberal 
education. He first attended tlie putilic scliools. 
and then Baker's Academy, and still later the old 
Methodist Episcopal College on Spring .and Fourlli 
Streets, now Chaddock College. Still later, he was 
sent to iirivate schools. When eighteen years old, 
he was apprenticed under Williamson il- Jones 
to learn the carpenter's trade, and continued there 
three years and six months. He worked in Quincy 
until April .5, 1869, when he went to Ft. Scott. 
Kan., and there engaged in contracting and 
building for nine months, but was recalled to 
l^uincy by the death of his father. In the siiring 
of 1870, lie went to Warren County and engaged 
with his Uncle William in contracting on the .St. 
Louis, Kockford A- Rock Island Railroad, and that 
same fall went to Council Bluffs, Iowa, and was 
employed as carpenter foreman on the Kansas City, 
St. Joe & Council Bluffs Railroad. In 1874, he re- 
turned to Quincy and went to work for Lark- 
worthy At Burgee, and remained there for three 
years, when he and Joe Berkin did a contracting 
business in partnership for two years, but since 
then lie has conducted his flourisliing business 
alone. He contracts for brick and frame resi- 
dences, and does jobbing in general. He built his 
fine brick residence on the corner of Eighth and 
Jersey Streets, eighty feet front, with shop ad- 
joining, and has everj' convenience for first-class 

IMr. Shanahan was married in St. Joe, January 
30, 1873, to Jliss ISIary JlcCabe, wlio was born in 
the Emerald Isle, but came to America with her 
parents, and was reared and educated in St. Louis, 
Mo. Willi iier thrifty habits, she has assisted her 
liusband in every way in her power, and is a much 
respected member of their circle of friends. 

Our subject has lent his name and aid to many 
of the social and benevolent societies of his na- 
tive city, .among which we may mention St. Pa- 
trick's, of which he has Ijeen President for two 
years; and the Fireman's Benevolent Societ}', in 
which he was Foreman of Hose for two years. 
From a young man lie has been a volunteer fire- 
man, and for several years was Foreman of the old 
Hose No. 1 Company. 

i^i^■, Sliajiahan is a conscientious incDibei- of St, 

PORTHAir AN!) l!K;( UIAI'IIK M. i;r;( <ilM). 


Fetor's Catholic Cliurch.wliicli he ntleiuls niid liclps 
to Mi|i|iort; lu' is also a inuinlier of tlip DenuK-nitii' 
|ijirt\. lu'lieviiiif ill tin- t«'iu't-< of froc trade and I 
sovoreiirn |m>wit. Mr. Sliaiialiaii has lived so many 
vi-ai-s ill this lieaiitifiil i-ity, whirli his industry has 
helped to adorn, that his natural pride in it is 
not to he wondered at. 

i, KTKK' C'OIJT. The subject of this sketch 
ijl is a farmer liviii<r on section 2, Mendon 
Township. II is father was .loscpli Cort. a 
native of Westmoreland County, I'a., who 
in his turn was a son of .loseph Coi t, who came 
from liermany. The mother of our subject was 
Catherine ((iross) Cort, a native of IVnnsylvaiiia, 
who wa.s married to .loseph Cort in that State. 
The latter tame to Illinois in |S,').'(, settled in 
Mendon Township, and improved a farm. He re- 
sided there until his death, which occurred in 
1K7S. Mis wife had died many years before in 
IViinsylvania. They were parent* of nine chil- 
dren, but two of whom are now living,our sul)ject 
and a brother, .lo.seph, who lives in Missouri. Mr. 
and Mi-s. Cort were worthy membei"s of the (ierman 
Hcformed Church, of which he had been Deacon 
anil KIder .several times. He took a deep interest 
in schools, and was a liberal, open-handed man. 

Our subject was born .Iiine 21. IX2(I. in West- 
moreland Comity. I'a., and was reared to the life 
of a farmer. He received a common-school educa- 
tion, and remained at luinie until he was twenty- 
four years old. In 1M1;{. he was married to Mar- 
ifarel Whitehead, a native of Westmoreland 
County, I'a., who born in IK2I; she was a 
daughter of Peter Whitehe.-id. a native of I'enn- 
svlvanin. After his niiirriage, .Mr. Cort worked 
on his father's farm until he came to Illinois in 
I8."i.'»and M'ttled in Mendon Township, near the 
town line of Lima. The place was partly improved, 
and had upon it a small log cabin, ami here the 
family life in Illinois iH'giin. Oursuliject wnsindu.s- 
^|•ious. and auon put up a brick house ftiu' frnine 

barn, the lK?st in that liK'iility. I Ic moved to his 
present farm in IHtJT, and has greatly improved 
this place, his line residenc«\ which he built in l««(t, 
alone costing il,S(io. He owns three hundred and 
forty-seven acres of land, ami has it all improved, 
but now rents his farms. 

The wife of .Mr. Cort died in 1X6:1, lenviiig four 
of her eight children. They are Margaret K., the 
wife of Kreneli IJaltell, who lives in Memlon.and 
has two children;<la, who is the wife of Charles 
Wright, lives in this township and has two chil- 
dren; J<ydia lives at home; and Lebbus I)., wlu> 
married Miss Smith, lives in .Missouri and Uas one 

.Mr.Cort is a niembfr of the Lutheran (^.'hurcli at 
Mendon, in which he has been a Deacon, and is one 
of the most resjiected men of the community. He 
has been much interested in educational matters, 
and has .served .as .School Director for years. He 
has also been lioad Commissioner in this township. 
In politics. Mr. Cort believes in the principles 
enunciated by the DenuK-ratic party. He (»wiis 
two large improved farms, a fine frame residence 
and one of brick. He began almost empty-handed 
but h:us worked hard, and now enjoys the result of 
his labor. 



«y^l b'lAII 11. KKVIU, Depuly Collectiu- of 
I I I'liitcd .States Internal Revenue for the 
V_/^ Kiglith |)istri<'t of lllinnis. has his liead- 
(piarters in <iuincv, and while his duties mvupy a 
great deal of his time and att^'iition, still he is al- 
wavs ready to .-lid in any worthy movements, lb- 
was born in .l.icksoii ville. .Morgan County. III., 
November :L IX.'U. the eldest son of (iabriel Keath, 
a native of .Mt. Sterling. Montgiiiiier> Cuunly. 
Kv.. of which State his f.-ithcr. Iriah Ke:itli. was an 
early .settler fmni llu- ( »ld I )i>iiiiiiioii. (iabriel 
Keath was united in marriage to Miss Liicinda 
Uandolph, who was also Imiiii on Itliie (irasr< 
soil, a daughter < f •Lames jinndolph, and with 
hi> wife leijiovcd to A''i>"l> Coniitv, III., l|| 



1833, where lie purchased a tract of land and 
at once began to convert it into a farm. To this 
occupation lie devoted his attention throughout 
life and also carried on that most necessary and 
profitable branch of agriculture, stock-raising. 

The ^youthful days of Uriah H. Keath were spent 
like those of most bo.ys, in assisting his father on 
the home farm and in attending the district school 
near his rural home, where he iitted himself for 
the McKendree College, which he entered at Leb- 
anon, 111. He pursued his studies successfully in 
that institution for three years, and at the same 
time pursued the study of law. After finishing 
his collegiate course, he continued his legal studies 
in the office of Archibald Williams and C. B. Law- 
rence, of Quincy, and on the 5th of February, 
1855, he was admitted to the Bar. lie entered 
heart and soul into the practice of his profession 
and was energetically at work looking after his 
large clientage in Keokuk, Iowa, when the threat- 
ening war cloud burst in all its fury, and he 
offered himself for the Union service. He became 
First Lieutenant in the Fifth Iowa Infantry, 
of which Col. W. H. AVoithington was the Com- 
mander, and during his long term of service was 
in twent3'-one battles, among which may be men- 
tioned New Madrid, Island No. 10, luka, Cor- 
inth, Vicksburg, Knoxville, siege of Corinth, Mis- 
sionary- Ridge, and the Atlanta Campaign. In 
September, 1862, he vvas promoted to the rank of 
Captain, in which capacity- he served until the ex- 
piration of his term of service, when he returned 
to his home in Iowa. 

In 1865, he became a resident of Quincy, where 
he at once opened a law office and has since prac- 
ticed in all the courts. He was universally recog- 
nized as one of the most prominent members of a 
Bar which included men of keen and cultured in- 
tellect. His practice was remunerative and he en- 
joyed the enviable reputation with court, coun.sel 
and client of a practitioner scrupulously accurate 
in statement, and in every action or position gov- 
erned by the nicest sense of professional honor. 
In 1889, he was appointed United States Deputy- 
Collector of Revenue, and his talents now found 
employment in a new channel. He interested liim- 
>elf in tiie duties of his jievv position and lias 

evinced an unusual aptitude for the business. 
American politics have never failed to enlist his 
warmest sympathies and he has always exhibited 
the liveliest interest in the public questions of the 
day, always advocating the men and principles 
that challenged his support. As a man, he is of 
genial nature and social tastes, and these qualities 
have won him a host of warm and devoted friends. 
He is a member of John Wood Post No. 96, 
G. A. R., of Quincy. He has a very pleasant resi- 
dence at No. 1205 North Sixth Street. 

AMUEL D. ISHTTS, a self-made man, who 
low engaged in farming on section 25, 
'oncord Township, is a native of Kentucky. 
He was born in 1831, and is one of a fam- 
ily- of nine sons who graced the union of John and 
Sarah Mitts. In an early day, the father emigrated 
with his family Westward, and took up his residence 
in this county, where he spent the remainder of 
his days, engaged in agricultural pursuits. 

Mr. Mitts, whose name heads this record, was 
reared amid the wild scenes of frontier life in 
Adams County, and his privileges in either a finan- 
cial or educational way were rather limited. When 
young, he started out for himself to earn his own 
livelihood, and worked by the day and month for 
some years. He then rented land and engaged in 
farming for himself, and at length, by his perse- 
vering and industrious efforts, he acquired a 
suHicient sum to purchase forty acres of land. 
I^pon that farm he resided for five years and then 
bought eight}' acres, to which he has since added 
another tract of eighty acres. His farm now com- 
prises over two hundred acres of land, valued at 
$40 per acre. The fields are well tilled and under 
a high state of cultivation. The improvements 
are many and are such as are seen on the farm of 
a thrifty and enterprising .agriculturist. 

An important event in the life of Mr. Mitts oc- 
cuired in the year 1856, when he was married to 

(JlS) . ^ • t/pdn^^-e^-'yi^ 

ponTKAiT AM) ni(M;i{AiMrif\i urronn. 


.Mi>- Ailaliiir llii^Mii. riu II iiniiiji \v!i> IiU'>m'iI 
ivitli two cliildi'cii. Iiii( Udli arp now (Jocj-asi-d. 
as is al.s<"» tlieir iiuitlicr. To lii.s presi'iit wife, 
who provioiis to licr niarriaiif will) our s(il>- 
jt'ct was Mrs. llallii' (iooloy, lie was uiiitvd in 
the yonr 1883. Our sulijecl and his cstiinnblc 
wife hold nieniliorsliip witli the Christian I'linreh, 
to tlio support of which they c-ontritiulc liberally, 
and are numbered among iU* prominent andaetive 
workers, doins all in their power for its advance- 
ment and u|iliuildin,<r. Mr. Mitts is i-ver found in 
the front ranks of any enterprise i-alculated to 
l)onent or improve tlieeomnninity.and is a |>ublic- 
spirited and projjressive citi/.en. He exercises his 
right of franchise in support of the Democratic 
party, but has never .sought or desired the honors 
or emoluments of public ollice. lusleail. he lias 
given his entire time and attention to Ids busine.vs 
and h.ns met with signal success. lie is truly a 
.self-made man, having started out in life em|)ty- 
lianded, and by Ins own unaided efforts has worked 
hi.« wav upward .and acipiircd a comfortable com- 


" gg ' 


F. KDMONDS. The most con.spicuous 
figure in the southern part of ,\dams 
(jfc V County is the above-named gentleman, who 
makes his lumie in Payson and is always to 
be found giving his confidence and support to 
that which pertains to the improvement of this 
section and the advancement of its people. So 
•Straightforward has been his life, so honorable his 
tlealings with all, and so marked his interest in. 
and energetic his work for, the Itcst that life af- 
fords, that on all sides his resounds. He is 
the proprietor of three hundred acres of valuable 
land, to the cultivation of which he gives his per- 
sonal attention, and on which he raises improved 
varieties «>f grain and the best grades of stin-k. 

Our subject, who was born in Iredell County, 
X. C, September 2, 1818, was a lad of ten years 
when he accompanied his parents on their removal 

lo UluDii ( .uiiiiv, li'iiu. I- rum tlu-re tlu^y reniuvccl 
t<i Payson Township, this county, .Iidy '.i, \M\, 
where .Mr. Kdmondshns since made \i\s home. The 
country abounded with wild game in that early 
day, and iiiMiiediately on the arrival of the family 
here the father began the improvement of his 
farm and. one after one. the sturdy nionarchs of 
the forest fell beftu'e his ax. :iiid in a few years 
where was once a dense timber waving fields of 
grain were seen. 

The lii-st schooling our subject fver received 
was in 183 1. when he attended a subscription 
school kept by Woodford Lawrence in a log stable. 
12x1-1 feet, with very large cracks between the 
logs. He began life without capital save a young 
man's bright hope of the future, and is now num- 
bered among the substantial citizens of this com- 
imiiuty as the result of his own thrift and enter- 
prise, supplemented by good busines*; ability. 
March I. IHll, when twenly-two years of age, he 
was married U> Miss Caroline I., daughter of 
Klislia Chapman. Locating with his bride upon 
his farm, he engaged in its cultivation for many 
years, and later, removing lo the village of I'ay- 
.son. launched out into the mercantile Irailc. in 
which he continued fcu' seventeen ye.nrs. 

The original of this sketch has always been very 
popular annmg his fellow-tctwnsmen. He wa.« ap- 
pointed I'ostmaster of the village, serving in that 
responsible position from July, 1801, until the 
fall of 18K(J, when he resigned his ollice on ac- 
count t)f Ix'ing called upon by Posimasler-( leneral 
Randall for a subscription to a.ssist the .Southern 
cause. To Mr. and .Mi>. Kdnionds were iHini 
thirteen children, eight of whom arc deceased. 

.lolin and Klizabeth (Fitzgerald) Kdmonds, the 
parents of our subject, were natives r«\spectively 
of Ireland and Virginia. 'i'lie father <-aine to 
Ameri<'a in company with his nK>ther and ten sis- 
tei> and brothers. He was twice married and be- 
came the father of fifteen children, of wlioni our 
subject is the llrsi in order of birth of the second 
union. In politics, he has always vot*'d the |{c- 
publican ticket since the organization of that 
party, prior to which time he cast his first vote for 
William Henry Harrison. He deserves no little 
creilil for his success in business life, us to his own 



unaided efiforts may be attributed his prosperity. 
As before stated, he owns one of the linest farms 
in tlie township, and has property suflicient to 
supply all his wants in the deelininq; years of liis 
life. About 187.5, he began lireeding Short-horn 
cattle, which brandi of agriculture he continued 
in until 1882, and during that time was awarded 
several premiums at the count}' fairs, lie is lib- 
eral in his church views, and has many warm 
friends throughout the county who esteem him 
highlj' for his sterling worth. 



eHARLES Y. GAY, the Cashier of the Camp 
Point Bank, was born in this county, .Janu- 
ary 16, 1844. He was the son of Yixon P. 
Gay, of Muskingum County, Ohio, born in 1814. 
The father of Yixon was a native of Maine, and 
his father emigrated from England and settled in 
Maine. The grandfather of our subject moved to 
Ohio at an early day, and became a farmer upon 
his own farm in Muskingum County. He died 
there about 1845. The great-grandfather was a 
Revolutionary soldier, and the grandfather was in 
the "War of 1812. 

Tlie father of Charles was the eldest of three 
children. He began farming when he first came 
to Illinois, in 1836. In 1837, he removed from 
Schuyler Count}' to Camp Point Township, in 
Adams County, where he took up Government 
land and remained the balance of his life. He 
built a small frame house on his land, which was 
on the edge of the prairie. The whole country 
was then new and unsettled. He was a cooper, and 
worked at his trade during the winter, earning 
enough at it to pay ftir his land and improve- 
ments. He was married in the fall of 1839, 
to Eydia Knight, a native of !Maine, who came 
AVest with her parents at an earl}' day. 

Mr. Gay, Sr., lived to enjo}' some of the fruits 
of his hard labor. He had only about 8100 when 
he came to Illinois, but became the owner of four 
hundred acres of fine land, kept some stock, was 

an extensive wheat-raiser, and was a great lover of 
fruit, of which he had an alnindance. He died in 
1877. He had been Supervisor of his township 
and Assessor for several terms. He was a man of 
strong religious convictions, and was a great Sun- 
day-school worker, although he was not identified 
with any church at the time of his death. He was 
well known and much respected. His wife died 
in 1852, a memlier of the Methodist Episcopal 
Church, and left three children. The father re- 
married, and had two more children. 

Charles, our subject, was reared on the farm, 
and received a district-school education, Init it was 
confined to the winter terms. In 1865. he consid- 
ered himself old enough to strike out alone, and 
he engaged in farming for a few years, lie then 
came to Camp Point in the fall of 1867, to engage 
in the mercantile business, which he continued for 
four years. He again farmed for a time, and then 
went into business again. In 1879. he moved into 
Camp Point and purchased a nursery, the Bailey 
Grove, as it was named. He bought it of A. B. 
Kelley, who had established it, and Mr. Gay still 
owns it. He has done mainly a retail business, .and 
has stocked this whole section. He is a lover of 
all kinds of fruit, and has one of the choicest fruit, 
plant, garden and grove establishments in the 
State. He has grown much small fruit in the last 
ten years. The nurser}' originally contained six- 
ty-five acres, but now only twenty-five acres are 
cultivated. They are well adajited for the purpose. 

In May, 1892, Mr. G.ay. with his brother and his 
son, purchased the bank of R. A. Wallace i^- Bro., 
and it is now known as the Camp Pt)iiit Bank. It 
has had a most successful career, doing a general 
banking business. The officers of the bank are: 
Albert P. Gay, President; Charles Y. Gay, Cash- 
ier; Arthur E. Gay, Assistant Cashier. Mr. Gay 
was married on the 22d of Feluuary 1866, to An- 
nie Strickler, a daughter of Wesley and Catherine 
(Kern) Strickler, of Adams County. Both parents 
are living in Camp Point. Mr. and Mrs. Gay have 
three children: Arthur E.; Bertha 1. and Charles 
Don. Mr. Gay is a Republican and a member 
of the Independent Order of Odd Fellows. He is 
a stockholder in the Adams County Fair Associa- 
ti(m, and has been Secretary for several years. 

i>()uri;\ir \M) kiogkai'IIICal KF.rouD. 


.Mr. (inv lid-i IWfiitx-livi- arri'xif Iniiil iii^itli- llu- 
coriMirntt' limit'- of ('aiii|) I'oiiit.niid n tliii- farm in 
one ooriuTof the iiurMTV. lie is n r<t<K'kliulilcr in 
tin- |{<i«cn lUiik. of ll:tni-<K-k Cininly. .'uiil i> n line 
m:iii, aixl one of wliuni liist'unn)\ i> iii~i1\ {ikiiuI. 

--•^-r-Hii<^ t=^ - ^- - 

(II IN A. Ill MM KHT. In mcnlit>nin;j tli.wif 
iif fmt'i^n liirtli who Iirvc liocoini' flust-lv 
ajwiK-iatod with ilu- inU-resls of 
\i^ .'Vdnnis Counly, 111., we yhotilcl not fail to 
pri'M'tit an outline of tin* t-aroor of .Mr. Ilunimcrt. 
for lit- i> one who lin.s fully lM>rne out the reputa- 
tion of that class of industrious, enerfretie and far- 
>oeinLi nu-n of (iern)aii nativity who have risen to 
|>romiii('iicc in dilTerent portions of this county. 
In everytliinjr c<innectfd with the growth and 
properity of his adopted country, he takes an 
artive interest, and as a eontracloi- mimI lni-iniv< 
man he stands in the front rank- 
Horn in rrus*ia, Decemlier fi. KSJh. he i> the son 
of Theodore and .VUelian (Casse) llunimert, im- 
livcs also «if (ierniany, and prominent citizens of 
their community. The father wa>i a fuel dealer 
and paved his entire life in his native country, as 
did also his wife. I'ntil twenty-t»ne years of ajje. 
our suliject pa.-se<l his days in his native country, 
hut, piM^essing those sterlin<,'(|unliliesso character- 
istic of those of (ierman nativity and which jiartic- 
ularly lit them for almost any iK-cupntion in life, 
he took;;e for .Vnierica, and after an ocean 
voyage of eight wtvks, landed on I'nited States 
soil. This was in IMIH. and aftt-r a short stop in 
New Orleans he pnn-eeded up the .Mississippi 
Hiver by Ixml toSt. Louis, Mo., where he remained 
live years. 

Krom ther«- he went direct to (juincy. 111., and 
U'gan learning lirick-niaking, which Itiisincss he 
I'ondncted with much success up to 1W71, when he 
Itegan contiacting on thoO. iV K. Knilroad. Two 
years Inter, he lM>g»n contracting for h<iiises, and 
|>erhaps the U'st proof of his suc«-ess in that capa- 
city Would U- to p<iint out the monuments of his 

handiwork in <^ulncy. In connection with con- 
tracting, he was also engaged in pork-packing dur- 
ing the winter M'U.Hons. Uiter, he emiiarkeil in the 
u;r<K-ery liusines,", continued tin* with fair succi'ss 
for a time, and then liranched out as n real-estate 
dealer. The old adage, ".lack of all trades ami a 
master of none" d<K's not npply in his case, for he 
has made a sui-ccss of all ent«' uixlertaken. 

In the year IM.'il, .Miss Klixalieth l.ueMiei-ke, 
of St. Louis, Mo., who wiLs Immii in <>ernmny, was 
united t«) our subject in marriage, and ten children 
were given them, viz: .John, a brick-maker: Henry, 
a contractor; .loseph, a Catholic priest In Marling. 
Iowa; William, a brick-maker; .\loysius, with his 
father; Frank, at home; Kli/jilH-th, a Catholic Sister 
ill Chicago; Catherine, wife of IWnjamin Walter- 
man, of Kjiiidolph County, .Mo.; .Vnna, a Catholic 
.Sister in Chicago, and Mary, at home. .Mr. Iluin- 
merl resides at No. C.'IT Spruce Street, and has a 
line large brick house with all the nxidern improve- 
menCsand built in the modern style of architecture. 
Mis lot is -iiMlxa.'iO feel, ami is an attractive and 
very pleaviiit home. .Mrs. Ilummert, who presides 
over this plea.saiit home, is a very entertaining and 
sociable lady, and by her <|uiel tact and pleiLsnnt. 
agreeable mannei> has won many warm friends. 
They have reared their large family t4i In; honor- 
able and respected niemlM-rs of societ\ and ma>' 
justly U- proud of each one of ilieni. .Mr. and 
Mrs. Ilummert are exemplary and faithful inemliers 
of St. .lohn's Catholic Church. 

-jmu = iniH' — ' . 

W (ll IS KIlLUr. wholesale and retail dealer 
ll (S, in meats at No, |m; North Sixth Street. 

J_Y (^uincy. This city ranks with any city of 
il> si/e on the contiix-nt in the output and magni- 
tude of its provision trade, and the enterprim^ 
which characterizes Its leprcM-ntative merchants in 
this line is not excelled in aii\ other liiaiich ol 
comineriN-. One of the most |Hipnlnr Iioum>.h in the 
t«iwn is that of .Mr. KlH-rl. who is an rxteOHive 
tiealer in fresh and salt meat', llsli. |Kiultry, game 



and vegetables in season. This establishment is a 
model of cleanliness and order, and is furnished 
witii every convenience and facility for llic satis- 
factory carrying on of tlio enterpiise, all the latest 
improvements in the way of cold and dry storage 
being here in successful operation. jNIr. Kl)ert is a 
practical and experienced business man, and is an 
excellent judge of cattle, sheep and hogs as live 
stock or in the carcass. He iiandles only the finest 
animals, and keeps the choicest of all kinds of 

Mr. Ebert is a native of Prussia, (lerniany, 
where he was born October 10, 1852, to Henry 
Ebert, who was a successful farmer of Germany, 
and a man of good judgment and excellent repu- 
tation. The maiden name of his wife was An- 
dresa. Louis Ebert was the second of their 
seven children, and up to the age of thirteen 
years his boyhood was -spent in attending the 
common schools of Prussia, in which he acquired a 
practical education. He was an ambitious and