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Containing Portraits and Biographical Sketches of Prominent and Representative 

Citizens of the County. 

Together with Biographies and Portraits of all the Presidents of the 

United States. 



THE N'EV/ YO.-^K' 


A«roR, Lsnoy. amb 


HE greatest of English historians, Macaulay, and one of the most brilliant writers of the 
present century, has said: "The history of a country is best told in a record of the lives of its 
_ people." In conformity with this idea, the Portrait and Biographical Record of this 
county has been prepared. Instead of going to musty records, and taking therefrom dry statistical 
matter that can be appreciated by but few, our corps of writers have gone to the people, the men 
and women who have, by their enterprise and industry, brought the county to a rank second to none 
among those comprising this great and noble state, and from their lips have the story of their life 
struggles. No more interesting or instructive matter could be presented to an intelligent public. 
In this volume will be found a record of many whose lives are worthy the imitation of coming 
generations. It tells how some, commencing life in poverty, by industry and economy have 
accumulated wealth. It tells how others, with limited advantages for securing an education, have 
become learned men and women, with an influence extending throughout the length and breadth of 
the land. It tells of men who have risen from the lower walks of life to eminence as statesmen, and 
whose names have become famous. It tells of those in every walk in life who have striven to 
succeed, and records how that success has usually crowned their efforts. It tells also of many, very 
many, who, not seeking the applause of the world, have pursued "the even tenor of their way," 
content to have it said of them, as Christ said of the woman performing a deed of mercy— "They have 
done what they could." It tells how that many in the pride and strength of young manhood left 
the plow and the anvil, the lawyer's office and the counting-room, left every trade and profession, 
and at their country's call went forth valiantly "to do or die," and how through their efforts the 
Union was restored and peace once more reigned in the land. In the life of every man and of every 
woman is a lesson that should not be lost upon those who follow after. 

Coming generations will appreciate this volume and preserve it as a sacred treasure, from the 
fact that it contains so much that would never find its way into public records, and which would 
otherwise be inaccessible. Great care has been taken in the compilation of the work, and every 
opportunity possible given to those represented to insure correctness in what has been written, and 
the publishers flatter themselves that they give to their readers a work with few errors of consequence. 
In addition to the biographical sketches, portraits of a number of representative citizens are given. 

The faces of some, and biographical sketches of many, will be missed in this volume. For this 
the publishers are not to blame. Not having a proper conception of the work, some refused to give 
the information necessary to compile a sketch, while others were indifferent. Occasionally some 
member of the family would oppose the enterprise, and on account of such opposition the support of 
the interested one would be withheld. In a few instances men could never be found, though 
repeated calls were made at their residences or places of business. 

Chapman Publishing Co. 

April, 1897. ; 



Portraits and Biographies 







HE Father of our Country was born in West- 
moreland County, Va., February- 22, 1732. 
His parents were Augustine and Marj' (Ball) 
Washinglon. The family to which he belonged 
has not been satisfactorily traced in England. 
His great-grandfather, John Washington, emi- 
grated to Virginia about 1657, and became a 
prosperous planter. He had two sons, Lawrence 
and John. The former married Mildred Wanier, 
and had three children, John, Augustine and 
Mildred. Augustine, the father of George, first 
married Jane Butler, who bore him four children, 
two of whom, Lawrence and Augustine, reached 
maturity. Of six children by his second mar- 
'••-•riage, George was the eldest, the others being 
Betty, Samuel, John Augustine, Charles and 

Augustine Washington, the father of George, 
died in 1743, leaving a large landed property. 
To his eldest son, Lawrence, he bequeathed an 
estate on the Potomac, afterwards known as Mt. 
Vernon, and to George he left the parental resi- 
dence. George received onh- such education as 
the neighborhood schools afforded, save for a 
short time after he left school, when he received 
private instruction in mathematics. His .spelling 
was rather defective. Remarkable stories are 
told of his great phj-sical .strength and develop- 
ment at an early age. He was an acknowledged 
\eader among his companions, and was early 
acted for that nobleness of character, and 
veracity which characterized his whole life. 

When George was fourteen years old he had a 
desire to go to sea, and a midshipman's warrant 
was .secured for him, but through the opposition 
of his mother the idea was abandoned. Two 

years later he was appointed surveyor to the im- 
mense estate of Lord Fairfax. In this business 
he spent three years in a rough frontier life, 
gaining experience which afterwards proved very 
essential to him. In 1751, though only nineteen 
years of age, he was appointed Adjutant, with the 
rank of Major, in the Virginia militia, then being 
trained for active service against the French and 
Indians. Soon after this he sailed to the West 
Indies with his brother Lawrence, who went there 
to restore his health. They soon returned, and 
in the summer of 1752 Lawrence died, leaving a 
large fortune to an infant daughter, who did not 
long survive him. On her demise the estate of 
Mt. Vernon was given to George. 

Upon the arrival of Robert Dinwiddle as Lieu- 
tenant-Governor of Virginia, in 1752, the militia 
was reorganized, and the province divided into 
four military districts, of which the northern was 
assigned to Washington as Adjutant-General. 
Shortly after this a ver\' perilous mission, which 
others had refused, was assigned him and ac- 
cepted. This was to proceed to the French post 
near Lake Erie, in northwestern Pennsylvania. 
The distance to be traversed was about six hun- 
dred miles. Winter was at hand, and the journey 
was to be made without military escort, through 
a territory occupied by Indians. The trip was a 
perilous one, and several times he nearly lost his 
life, but he returned in safety and furnished a full 
and useful report of his expedition. A regiment 
of three hundred men was raised in Virginia and 
put in command of Col. Joshua Fry, and Maj. 
Washington was commissioned Lieutenant-Colo- 
nel. Active war was then begun against the 
French and Indians, in which Washington took 



a most important part. In the memorable event 
of July 9, 1755, known as "Braddock'.s defeat," 
Washington was almost the only officer of dis- 
tinction who escaped from the calamities of the 
day with life and honor. 

Having been for five years in the military serv-- 
ice, and having vainly sought promotion in the 
royal army, he took advantage of the fall of Ft. Du- 
quesne and the expulsion of the French from the 
valley of the Ohio to resign his commission. Soon 
after he entered the Legislature, where, although 
not a leader, he took an active and important 
part. January 17, 1759, he married Mrs. Martha 
(Dandridge) Custis, the w^ealthy widow of John 
Parke Cu.stis. 

When the British Parliament had clo.sed the 
port of Boston, the cry went up throughout the 
provinces, ' ' The cause ot Boston is the cause of 
us all! " It was then, at the suggestion of Vir- 
ginia, that a congress of all the colonies was 
called to meet at Philadelphia September 5, 
1774, to secure their common liberties, peaceably 
if possible. To this congress Col. Washington 
was sent as a delegate. On May 10, 1775, the 
congress re-assembled, when the hostile inten- 
tions of England were plainly apparent. The 
battles of Concord and Lexington had been fought, 
and among the first acts of this congress was the 
election of a commander-in-chief of the Colonial 
forces. This high and responsible office was con- 
ferred upon W'ashington, who was still a member 
of the congress. He accepted it on June 19, but 
upon the express condition that he receive no sal- 
ary. He would keep an exact account of ex- 
penses, and expect congress to pay them and 
nothing more. It is not the object of this sketch 
to trace the military acts of Washington, to whom 
the fortunes and liberties of the people of this 
country were so long confided. Tlie war was 
conducted by him under every possible disadvan- 
tage; and while his forces often met witli reverses, 
yet he overcame every obstacle, and after seven 
years of heroic devotion and matchless skill he 
gained liberty for the greatest nation of earth. 
On December 23, 1783, Washington, in a parting 
address of suryjassing beauty, resigned his com- 
mission as Commander-in-Chief of the army to the 

Continental Congress sitting at Annapolis. He 
retired immediately to Mt. Vernon and resumed 
his occupation as a farmer and planter, shunning 
all connection with public life. 

In February, 1789, Washington was unani- 
mously elected President, and at the expiration 
of his first term he was unanimously re-elected. 
At the end of this term many were anxious that he 
be re-elected, but he absolutely refused a third 
nomination. On March 4, 1797, at the expiration 
of his second term as President, he returned to his 
home, hoping to pass there his few remaining 
years free from the annoyances of public life. 
Later in the year, however, his repose seemed 
likely to be interrupted by war with France. At 
the prospect of such a war he was again urged to 
take command of the army, but he chose his sub- 
ordinate officers and left them the charge of mat- 
ters in the field, which he .superintended from his 
home. In accepting the command, he made the 
reservation that he was not to be in the field until 
it was necessary. In the midst of these prepara- 
tions his life was suddenly cut ofi". December 12 
he took a severe cold from a ride in the rain, 
which, settling in his throat, produced inflamma- 
tion, and terminated fatally on the night of the 
14th. On the 1 8th his body was borne with mili- 
tar\- honors to its final resting-place, and interred 
in the family vault at Mt. Vernon. 

Of the character of Washington it is impossible 
to speak but in terms of the highest respect and 
admiration. The more we see of the operations 
of our government, and the more deeply we feel 
the difficulty of uniting all opinions in a common 
Interest, the more highly we must estimate the 
force of his talent and character, which have been 
able to challenge the reverence of all parties, 
and principles, and nations, and to win a fame as 
extended as the 'imits of the globe, and which we 
cannot but believe will be as lasting as the exist- 
ence of man. 

In person, Washington was unusually tall, erect 
and well proportioned, and his .nu.scular .strength 
was great. His features were of a beausiful sym- 
metry. He connnanded respect without any ap- 
pearance of haughtiness, and was ever serious 
without being dull. 



(John ADAMS, the second President and the 
I first Vice-President of the United States, was 
v2/ born in Braintree (now Quincy) Mass., and 
about ten miles from Boston, October 19, 1735. 
His great-grandfather, Henry Adams, emigrated 
from England about 1640, with a family of eight 
sons, and settled at Braintree. The parents of 
John were John and Susannah (Boylston) 
Adams. His father, who was a farmer of limited 
means, also engaged in the business of shoe- 
making. He gave his eldest son, John, a classical 
education at Harvard College. John graduated 
in 1755, and at once took charge of the school at 
Worcester, Mass. This he found but a ' ' school 
of affliction, ' ' from which he endeavored to gain 
relief by devoting himself, in addition, tc the 
study of law. For this purpose he placed himself 
under the tuition of the only lawyer in the town. 
He had thought seriously of the clerical profes- 
sion, but seems to have been turned from this by 
what he termed " the frightful engines of ecclesi- 
astical councils, of diabolical malice, and Calvin- 
istic good nature, ' ' of the operations of which he 
had been a in his native town. He was 
well fitted for the legal profession, possessing a 
clear, sonorous voice, being ready and fluent of 
speech, and having quick perceptive powers. He 
gradually gained a practice, and in 1764 married 
Abigail Smith, a daughter of a minister, and a 
lady of superior intelligence. Shortly after his 
marriage, in 1765, the attempt at parliamentarj- 
taxation turned him from law to politics. He 
took initial steps toward holding a town meeting, 
and the resolutions he offered on the subject be- 
came ver>' popular throughout the province, and 
were adopted word for word bj' over forty differ- 
ent towns. He moved to Boston in 1768, and 
became one of the most courageous and promi- 
nent advocates of the popidar cause, and was 
chosen a member of the General Court (the Leg- 
islature) in 1770. 

Mr. Adams was chosen one of the first dele- 

gates from Massachusetts to the first Continent- 
al Congress, which met m 1774. Here he di.s- 
tingui-shed himself by his capacity for business 
and for debate, and advocated the movement for 
independence against the majority of the mem- 
bers. In May, 1776, he moved and carried a res- 
olution in Congress that the Colonies should 
assume the duties of self-government. He was a 
prominent member of the committee of five ap- 
pointed June 1 1 to prepare a declaration of inde- 
pendence. This article was drawn by Jefferson, 
but on Adams devolved the task of battling it 
through Congress in a three-days debate. 

On the day after the Declaration of Independ- 
ence was passed, while his soul was yet warm 
with the glow of excited feeling, he wrote a letter 
to his wife, which, as we read it now, seems to 
have been dictated by the spirit of prophecy. 
"Yesterday," he says, "the greatest question 
was decided that ever was debated in America; 
and greater, perhaps, never was or will be de- 
cided among men. A resolution was passed 
without one dissenting colony, 'that these United 
States are, and of right ought to be, free and in- 
dependent states.' The day is passed. The 
Fourth of July, 1776, will be a memorable epoch 
in the history of America. I am apt to believe it 
will be celebrated by succeeding generations as 
the great anniversary festival. It ought to be 
commemorated as the day of deliverance by 
solemn acts of de\'otion to Almighty God. It 
ought to be solemnized with pomp, shows, games, 
sports, guns, bells, bonfires and illuminations 
from one end of the continent to the other, from 
this time forward forever. You will think me 
transported with enthusiasm, but I am not. I 
am well aware of the toil and blood and treas- 
ure that it will cost to maintain this declaration 
and support and defend these States; yet, through 
all the gloom, I can see the rays of light and 
glor\-. I can see that the end is worth more than 
all the means, and that posterity will triumph, 



although you and I may rue, which I hope we 
shall not." 

In November, 1777, Mr. Adams was appointed 
a delegate to France, and to co-operate with Ben- 
jamin Franklin and Arthur Lee, who were then 
in Paris, in the endeavor to obtain assistance in 
arms and money from the French government. 
This was a severe trial to his patriotism, as it 
separated him from his hcjme, compelled him to 
cross the ocean in winter, and exposed him to 
great peril of capture by the British cruisers, who 
were seeking him. lie left France June 17, 
1779. In September of the same year he was 
again chosen to go to Paris, and there hold him- 
self in readiness to negotiate a treaty of peace and 
of commerce with Great Britain, as soon as the 
British cabinet might be found willing to listen 
to .such proposals. He sailed for France in No- 
vember, and from there he went to Holland, where 
he negotiated important loans and formed im- 
portant commercial treaties. 

Finally, a treatj- of peace with England was 
signed, January 21, 17.83. The re-action from the 
excitement, toil and anxiety through which Mr. 
Adams had passed threw him into a fever. After 
suffering from a continued fever and becoming 
feeble and emaciated, he was advised to go to 
England to drink the waters of Bath. While in 
England, still drooping and desponding, he re- 
ceived dispatches from his own government urg- 
ing the necessity of his going to Amsterdam to 
negotiate another loan. It was winter, his health 
was delicate, yet he immediately set out, and 
through storm, on .sea, on horseback and foot, he 
made the trip. 

February 24, 1785, Congress appointed Mr. 
Adams envoy to the Court of St. James. Here 
he met face to face the King of England, who 
had so long regarded him as a traitor. As Eng- 
land did not condescend to appoint a minister to 
the United States, and as Mr. Adams felt that he 
was accompli.shing but little, he sought permis- 
sion to return to his own country, where he ar- 
rived in June, 1788. 

When Washington was first chosen President, 
John Adams, rendered illustrious by his signal 
services at home and abroad, was chosen Vice- 

President. Again, at the .second election of Wash- 
ington as President, Adams was chosen Vice- 
President. In 1796, Washington retired from 
public life, and Mr. Adams was elected President, 
though not without much opposition. Serving 
in this office four \ears, he was succeeded by Mr. 
Jefferson, his opponent in politics. 

While Mr. Adams was Vice-President the 
great French Revolution shook the continent of 
Europe, and it was upon this point that he was 
at i.ssue with the majority of his countrymen, led 
by Mr. Jefferson. Mr. Adams felt no sympathy 
with the French people in their struggle, for he 
had no confidence in their power of self-govern- 
ment, and he utterly abhorred the class of atheist 
philosophers who, he claimed, caused it. On the 
other hand, Jefferson's sympathies were strongly 
enlisted in behalf of the French people. Hence 
originated the alienation between these distin- 
tinguished men, and the two powerful parties were 
thus soon organized, with Adams at the head of 
the one whose sympathies were with England, 
and Jefferson leading the other in sympathy with 

The Fourth of July, 1826, which completed the 
half-century .since the signing of the Declaration 
of Independence, arrived, and there were but 
three of the signers of that immortal instnunent 
left upon the earth to hail its morning light. 
And, as it is well known, on that day two of 
these finished their earthly pilgrimage, a coinci- 
dence so remarkable as to seem miraculous. For 
a few days before Mr. Adams had been rapidly 
failing, and on the morning of the Fourth he 
found himself too weak to rise from his bed. On 
being requested to name a toast for the cus- 
tomary celebration of the day, he exclaimed 
"Independence forever!" When the day was 
ushered in by the ringing of bells and the firing 
of camions, he was a.sked by one of his attend- 
ants if he knew what daj' it was? He replied, 
"O yes, it is the glorious Fourth of July — God 
bless it — God bless you all!" In the course of 
the day he said, "It is a great and glorious 
day." The last words he uttered were, "Jeffe:* 
son survives." But he had, at one o'clock, 
resigned his spirit into the hands of his God. 



HOMAS JEFFERSON was boru April 2, 
1743, at Shadwell, Albemarle County, Va. 
His parents were Peter and Jane (Ran- 
dolphj JeflFerson, the former a native of Wales, 
and the latter born in London. To them were 
bom six daughters and two sons, of whom Thomas 
was the elder. When fourteen j-ears of age his 
father died. He received a most liberal educa- 
tion, having been kept diligentlj- at school from 
the time he was five years of age. In 1 760 he 
entered William and Mary College. Williams- 
burg was then the seat of the Colonial court, and 
it was the abode of fashion and splendor. Young 
Jefferson, who was then seventeen years old, lived 
somewhat expensively, keeping fine horses, and 
going much into gay .societj*; yet he was ear- 
nestly devoted to his studies, and irreproachable in 
his morals. In the second year of his college 
course, moved by some unexplained impulse, he 
di.scarded his old companions and pursuits, and 
often devoted fifteen hours a day to hard study. 
He thus attained very high intellectual culture, 
and a like excellence in philosophy and the lan- 

Immediately upon leaving college he began the 
study of law. For the short time he continued 
in the practice of his profession he rose rapidly, 
and distinguished himself by his energy and 
acuteness as a lawj-er. But the times called for 
greater action . The policy of England had awak- 
ened the spirit of resistance in the American Col- 
onies, and the enlarged views which Jefferson had 
ever entertained soon led him into active politi- 
cal life. In 1769 he was chosen a member of the 
Virginia House of Burgesses. In 1772 he mar- 

ried Mrs. Martha Skelton, a very beautiful, 
wealthj-, and highly accomplished young widow. 

In 1775 he was sent to the Colonial Congress, 
where, though a silent member, his abilities as a 
writer and a reasoner soon become known, and he 
was placed upon a number of important com- 
mittees, and was chairman of the one appointed 
for the drawing up of a declaration of independ- 
ence. This committee consisted of Thomas Jef- 
ferson, John Adams, Benjamin Franklin, Roger 
Sherman and Robert R. Livingston. Jefferson, 
as chairman, was appointed to draw up the paper. 
Franklin and Adams suggested a few verbal 
changes before it was .submitted to Congress. On 
June 28, a few slight changes were made in it b3f 
Congress, and it was passed and signed July 4, 

In 1779 Mr. Jefferson was elected successor to 
Patrick Henrj- as Governor of Virginia. At one 
time the British officer Tarleton .sent a secret 
expedition to Monticello to capture the Governor. 
Scarcely five minutes elapsed after the hurried 
escape of Mr. Jefferson and his family ere his 
mansion was in possession of the British troops. 
His wife's health, never very good, was much 
injured by this excitement, and in the summer 
of 1782 she died. 

Mr. Jefferson was elected to Congress in 1783. 
Two years later he was appointed Minister Pleni- 
potentiary to France. Returning to the United 
States in September, 1789, he became Secretarj- 
of State in Wa.shington's cabinet. This position 
he resigned January i, 1794. In 1797, he was 
chosen Vice-President, and four years later was 
elected President over Mr. Adams, with Aaron 



Burr as Vice-President. In 1S04 he was re- 
elected with wonderful unanimity, George Clin- 
ton being elected Vice-President. 

The earlj- part of Mr. Jefferson's second ad- 
Tiinistration was disturbed by an event which 
threatened the tranquillity and peace of the Union; 
this was the conspiracy of Aaron Burr. Defeated 
in the late election to the Vice-Presidency, and 
led on by an unprincipled ambition, this extraor- 
dinary man funned the plan of a military ex- 
pedition into the Spanish territories on our south- 
western frontier, for the purpose of forming there 
a new republic. This was generally supposed 
to ha\-e been a mere pretext; and although it has 
not been generally known what his real plans 
were, there is no doubt that they were of a far 
more dangerous character. 

In 1S09, at the expiration of the second tenn 
for which Mr. Jefferson had been elected, he de- 
termined to retire from political life. For a period 
of nearly forty years he had been continually be- 
fore the public, and all that time had been em- 
ployed in ofiices of the greatest trust and respon- 
sibility. Having thus devoted the best part of 
his life to the serv'ice of his countrj-, he now felt 
desirous of that rest which his declining years re- 
quired, and upon the organization of the new ad- 
ministration, in March, 1809, he bade farewell for- 
■«ver to public life and retired to Monticello, his 
famous country' home, which, next to Mt. Vernon, 
was the most distinguished residence in the land. 

The Fourth of July, 1826, being the fiftieth an- 
niversary of the Declaration of American Inde- 
pendence, great preparations were made in every 
part of the Union for its celebration as the nation's 
jubilee, and the citizens of Wa.shington, to add to 
the solemnity of the occasion, invited Mr. Jeffer- 
son, as the framer and one of the few surviving 
signers of the Declaration, to participate in their 
festivities. But an illness, which had been of 
several weeks' duration and had been continually 
increasing, compelled him to decline the invita- 

On the 2d of July the disease under which he 
was laboring left him, but in such a reduced 
state that his medical attendants entertained no 
hope of his recovery. From this time he was 

perfectly sensible that his last hour was at hand. 
On the next day, which was Mondaj-, he asked 
of those around him the day of the month, and 
oil being told it was the 3d of July, he ex- 
pressed the earnest wish that he might be per- 
mitted to breathe the air of the fiftieth anniver- 
sary-. His prayer was heard — that day whose 
dawn was hailed with such rapture through our 
land burst upon his ejes, and then they were 
closed forever. And what a noble consummation 
of a noble life! To die on that day — the birth- 
day of a nation — the day v.'hich his own name 
and his own act had rendered glorious, to die 
amidst the rejoicings and festivities of a whole 
nation, who looked up to him as the author, un- 
der God, of their greatest blessings, was all that 
was wanting to fill up the recurd of his life. 

Almost at the same hour of his death, the kin- 
dred spirit of the venerable Adams, as if to bear 
him company, left the scene of his earthly honors. 
Hand in hand they had stood forth, the cham- 
pions of freedom; hand in hand, during the dark 
and desperate struggle of the Revolution, they 
had cheered and animated their desponding coun- 
trymen; for half a century they had labored to- 
gether for the good of the country, and now hand 
in hand they departed. In their lives they had 
been united in the same great cause of liberty, 
and in their deaths they were not divided. 

In person Mr. Jefferson was tall and thin, rather 
above six feet in height, but well formed; his eyes 
were light, his hair, originally red, in after life be- 
came white and silver}-, his complexion was fair, 
his forehead broad, and his whole countenance 
intelligent and thoughtful. He possessed great 
fortitude of mind as well as personal courage, and 
his command of temper was such that his oldest 
and most intimate friends never recollected to 
have seen him in a passion. His manners, though 
dignified, were simple and unafiected, and his 
hospitality was so unbounded that all found at 
his house a ready welcome. In conversation he 
was fluent, eloquent and enthusiastic, and his 
language was remarkably pure and correct. He 
was a finished clas.sical .scholar, and in his writ- 
ings is discernible the care with which lie formed 
his style upon the best models of antiqviity. 





(Tames MADISON, "Father of the Consti- , 

I tutiou," and fourth President of the United 
Q) States, was born March i6, 1757, and died 
at his home in Virginia June 28, 1836. The 
name of James Madison is inseparably connected 
with most of the important events in that heroic 
period of our country- during which the founda- 
tions of this great republic were laid. He was 
the last of the founders of the Constitution of the 
United States to be called to his eternal reward. 

The Madison family were among the early emi- 
grants to the New World, landing upon the shores 
of the Chesapeake but fifteen years after the settle- 
ment of Jamestown. The father of James Madison 
was an opulent planter, residing upon a very fine 
estate called Montpelier, in Orange County, Va. 
It was but twenty-five miles from the home of Jef- 
ferson at Monticello, and the closest personal and 
political attachment existed between these illustri- 
ous men from their early youth until death. 

The early education of Mr. Madison was con- 
ducted mostly at home under a private tutor. At 
the age of eighteen he was sent to Princeton Col- 
lege, in New Jersey. Here he applied himself to 
study with the most imprudent zeal, allowing him- 
self for months but three hours' sleep out of the 
twenty-four. His health thus became so seriously 
impaired that he ne\er recovered any vigor of 
constitution. He graduated in 1 77 1 , with a feeble 
body, but with a character of utmost purity, and 
a mind highly disciplined and richly stored with 
learning, which embellished and gave efficiency 
to his subsequent career. 

Returning to Virginia, he commenced the study 
of law and a coutse of extensive and systematic 
reading. This educational course, the spirit of 
the times in which he lived, and the society with 
which he associated, all combined to inspire him 
with a strong love of liberty, and to train him for 
his life-work as a statesman. 

In the spring of 1776, when twenty -six years of 

age, he was elected a member of the Virginia Con- 
vention to frame the constitution of the State. The 
next j-ear (1777), he was a candidate for the Gen- 
eral Assembly. He refused to treat the whisky-lov- 
ing voters, and consequently lost his election ; but 
those who had witnessed the talent, energy and 
public spirit of the modest young man enlisted 
themselves in his behalf, and he was appointed to 
the Executive Council. 

Both Patrick Henry and Thomas Jefferson were 
Governors of Virginia while Mr. Madison re- 
mained member of the Council, and their apprecia- 
tion of his intellectual, social and moral worth 
contributed not a little to his subsequent eminence. 
In the year 1780 he was elected a member of the 
Continental Congress. Here he met the most il- 
lustrious men in our land, and he was immediately 
assigned to one ot the most conspicuous positions 
among them. For three years he continued in Con- 
gress, one of its most active and influential mem- 
bers. In 1784, his term having expired, he was 
elected a member of the Virginia Legislature. 

No man felt more deeply than Mr. Madison the 
utter inefficiency of the old confederacy, with no 
national government, and no power to form trea- 
ties which would be binding, or to enforce law. 
There was not any State more prominent than 
Virginia in the declaration that an efficient na- 
tional government must be formed. In January, 
1786, Mr. Madison carried a resolution through 
the General Assembl}- of Virginia, inviting the 
other States to appoint commissioners to meet in 
convention at Annapolis to discuss this subject. 
Five States onlj- were represented. The conven- 
tion, however, issued another call, drawn up by 
Mr. Madison, urging all the States to send their 
delegates to Philadelphia in May, 1787, to draft 
a Constitution for the United States, to take the 
place of the Confederate League. The delegates 
met at the time appointed. Every State but 
Rhode Island was represented. George Washing- 



ton Tvas chosen president of the convention, and the 
present Constitution of the United States was then 
and there formed. There was, perhaps, no mind 
and no pen more active in framing this immortal 
document than the mind and the pen of James 
The Constitution, adopted by a vote of ejghty-one 
to seventy-nine, was to be presented to the several 
States for acceptance. But grave solicitude was 
felt. Should it be rejected, we should be left but a 
.'onglomeration of independent States, with but 
Httle power at home and little respect abroad. Mr. 
Madison was elected by the convention to draw up 
an address to the people of the United States, ex- 
pounding the principles of the Constitution, and 
urging its adoption. There was great opposition 
to it at first, but at length it triumphed over all, 
and vv'ent into effect in 1789. 

Mr. Madison was elected to the House of Repre- 
sentatives in the first Congress, and soon became 
the avowed leader of the Republican party. While 
in New York attending Congress, he met Mrs. 
Todd, a young widow of remarkable power of fas- 
cination, whom he married. She was in person 
and character queenly, and probaby no lady has 
thus far occupied so prominent a position in the 
very peculiar societj' which has constituted our 
republican court as did Mrs. Madison. 

Mr. Madison served as Secretar>- of State under 
Jefferson, and at the close of his administration 
was chosen President. Atthis time the encroach- 
ments of England had brought us to the verge of 
war. British orders in council destroyed our com- 
merce, and our flag was exposed to constant insult. 
Mr. Madison was a man of peace. Scholarly in 
his taste, retiring in his dispo.sition, war had no 
charms for him. But the meekest spirit can be 
roused. It makes one's blood boil, even now, to 
think of an American ship brought to upon the 
ocean by the guns of an iinglish cruis'jr. A 
young lieutenant steps on boa*''^ an6 orders the 
crew to be paraded before him. With great non- 
chalance he selects any number whom he may 
please to designate as British subjects, orders them 
down the ship's side into his boat, and places them 
on the gundeck of his man-of-war, to fight, by 
compulsion, the battles of England. This right 

of search and impressment no efforts of our Gov- 
erinnent could induce the British cabinet to re- 

On the iSth of June, 1812, President Madison 
gave his approval to an act of Congress declaring 
war against Great Britain. Notwithstanding the 
bitter hostility of the t'ederal party to the war, the 
country in general approved; and Mr. Madison, 
on the 4th of March, 181 3, was re-elected by a 
large majorit}', and entered upon his second term 
of office. This is not the place to describe the 
various adventures of this war on the land and on 
the water. Our infant navy then laid the found- 
ations of its renown in grappling with the most 
formidable power which ever swept the seas. The 
contest commenced in earnest by the appearance 
of a British fleet, early in Februar>% 18 13, in 
Chesapeake Bay, declaring nearly the whole coast 
of the United States under blockade. 

The Emperor of Russia ofiered his services as 
mediator. America accepted; England refused. 
A British force of five thousand men landed on tlie 
banks of the Patuxet River, near its entrance into 
Chesapeake Bay, and marched rapidh*, bj- waj- of 
Bladensburg, upon Wa.shington. 

The straggling little city of Washington was 
thrown into consternation. The cannon of the 
brief conflict at Bladensburg echoed through the 
streets of the metropolis. The whole population 
fled from the city. The President, leaving Mrs. 
Madi.son in the White House, with her carriage 
drawn up at the door to await his speedy return, 
hurried to meet the officers in a council of war. 
He met our troops utterly routed, and he could not 
go back without danger of being captured. But 
few hours elapsed ere the Presidential Mansion, 
the Capitol, and all the public buildings in Wash- 
ington were in flames. 

The war closed after two years of fighting, and 
on Febmar\' 13, 18 15, the treaty of peace was 
signed at Ghent. On the 4th of March, 18 17, his 
second term of office expired, and he resigned the 
Presidential chair to his friend, James Monroe. 
He retired to his beautiful home at Montpelier, and 
there passed the remainder of his days. On June 
28, 1836, at the age of eighty-five years, he fell 
asleep in death. Mrs Madison died July 12, 1849. 




(TAMEIS MONROE, the fifth President of the 
I United States, was born in Westmoreland 
C) County, Va., April 28, 1758. His early life 
was passed at the place of his nativity. His an- 
cestors had for many yeafs resided in the province 
in which he was born. When he was seventeen 
years old, and in process of completing his educa- 
tion at William and Mary College, the Colonial 
Congress, assembled at Philadelphia to deliberate 
upon the unjust and manifold oppressions of Great 
Britain, declared the separation , of the Colonies, 
and promulgated the Declaration of Independence. 
Had he been born ten years before, it is highly 
probable that he would have been one of the 
signers of that celebrated instrument. At this 
time he left school and enlisted among the pa- 

He joined the army when everything looked 
hopeless and gloomy. The number of deserters 
increased from day to daj-. The invading armies 
came pouring in, and the Tories not only favored 
the cause of the mother countrj', but disheartened 
the new recruits, who were sufficiently terrified 
at the prospect of contending with an enemy 
whom they had been taught to deem invincible. 
To such brave spirits as James Monroe, who went 
right onward undismayed through difficulty and 
danger, the United States owe their political 
emancipation. The young cadet joined the ranks 
and espoused the cause of his injured country, 
with a firm determination to live or die in her 
strife for liberty. Firml}^ yet sadly, he shared in 
the melancholy retreat from Harlem Heights 
and White Plains, and accompanied the dispirited 
army as it fled before its foes through New Jersey. 
In four months after the Declaration of Inde- 
pendence, the patriots had been beaten in seven 
battles. At the battle of Trenton he led the van- 
guard, and in the act of charging upon the enemy 
he received a wound in the left shoulder. 

As a reward for his bravery, Mr. Monroe was 
promoted to be captain of infantry, and, having re- 
covered from his wounds, he rejoined the army. 
He, however, receded from the line of promotion 
by becoming an officer on the staff of L,ord Ster- 
ling. During the campaigns of 1777 and 1778, 
in the actions of Brandywine, Germantown and 
Monmouth, he continued aide-de-camp; but be- 
coming desirous to regain his position in the 
army, he exerted himself to collect a regiment for 
the Virginia line. This scheme failed, owing to 
the exhausted condition of the State. Upon this 
failure he entered the office of Mr. Jefferson, at 
that period Governor, and pursued with consid- 
erable ardor the study of common law. He did 
not, however, entirely lay aside the knapsack for 
the green bag, but on the invasion of the enemy 
served as a volunteer during the two years of his 
legal pursuits. 

In 1782 he was elected from King George 
County a member of the Legislature of Virginia, 
and by that body he was elevated to a seat in the 
Executive Council. He was thus honored with 
the confidence of his fellow-citizens at twenty- 
three years of age, and having at this early period 
displayed some of that ability and aptitude foi 
legislation which were afterward employed with 
unremitting energy for the public good, he was 
in the succeeding year chosen a member of the 
Congress of the United States. 

Deeply as Mr. Monroe felt the imperfections of 
the old Confederacy, he was opposed to the new 
Constitution, thinking, with many others of the 
Republican party, that it gave too much power to 
the Central Government, and not enough to the 
individual States. Still he retained the esteem 
of his friends who were its warm supporters, and 
who, notwithstanding his opposition, secured its 
adoption. In 1789 he became a member of the 
United States Senate, which office he held for 



four years. Every month the Une of distinction 
between the two great parties which divided the 
nation, the Federal and the Republican, was 
growing more distinct. The dififerences which 
now separated them lay in the fact that the Repub- 
lican party was in sympathy with France, and 
also in favor of such a strict construction of the 
Constitution as to give the Central Government as 
hitle power, and the State Govermntnts as much 
power, as the Constitution would warrant; while 
the Federalists sympathized with England, and 
were in favor of a liberal construction of the Con- 
stitution, which would give as much power to the 
Central Government as that document could pos- 
sibly authorize. 

Washington was then President. England had 
espoused the cause of the Bourbons against the 
principles of the French Revolution. All Europe 
was drawn into the conflict. We were feeble and 
far away. Washington issued a proclamation of 
neutrality between these contending powers. 
France had helped us in the struggles for our 
liberties. All the despotisms of Europe were now 
combined to prevent the French from escaping 
from a tyranny a thousand-fold worse than that 
which we had endured. Col. Monroe, more mag- 
nanimous than prudent, was anxious that, at 
whatever hazard, we should help our old allies in 
their extremity. It was the impulse of a gener- 
ous and noble nature, and Washington, who could 
appreciate such a character, showed his calm, se- 
rene, almost divine, greatness, by appointing that 
very James Monroe who was denouncing the pol- 
icy of the Government, as the minister of that 
Government to the Republic of France. Mr. 
Monroe was welcomed by the National Conven- 
tion in France with the most enthusiastic dem- 

Shortly after his return to this country', Mr. 
Monroe was elected Governor of Virginia, and 
held the oflSce for three years. He was again 
sent to France to co-operate with Chancellor Liv- 
ingston in obtaining the vast territory then known 
as the province of Louisiana, which France had 
but shortly before obtained from Spain. Their 
united efforts were successful. For the compara- 
tively small sum of fifteen millions of dollars, the 

entire territory of Orleans and district of Loui- 
siana were added to the United States. This was 
probably the largest transfer of real estate which 
was ever made in all the history of the world. 

From France Mr. Monroe went to England to 
obtain from that country some recognition of our 
rights as neutrals, and to remonstrate against 
those odious impressments of our seamen. But 
England was unrelenting. He again returned to 
England on the same mission, but could receive 
no redress. He returned to his home and was 
again chosen Governor of Virginia. This he soon 
resigned to accept the position of Secretary of 
vState under Madison. While in this office war 
with England was declared, the Secretary of War 
resigned, and during these trying times the 
duties of the War Department were put upon 
him. He was truly the armor-bearer of President 
Madison, and the most efficient business man in 
his cabinet. Upon the return of peace he re- 
signed the Department of War, but continued in 
the office of Secretary of State imtil the expira- 
tion of Mr. Madison's administration. At the 
election held the previous autunni, Mr. Monroe 
himself had been chosen President with but little 
opposition, and upon March 4, 1817, he was in- 
augurated. F^our years later he was elected for 
a second term. 

Among the important measures of his Presi- 
dency were the cession of Florida to the United 
States, the Missouri Compromise, and the famous 
" Monroe doctrine." This doctrine was enun- 
ciated by him in 1823, and was as follows: " That 
we should consider any attempt on the part of 
European powers to extend their system to any 
portion of this hemisphere as dangerous to our 
peace and safety," and that " we could not view 
any interposition for the purpose of oppressing or 
controlling American governments or provinces 
in any other light than as a manifestation by 
European powers of an unfriendly disposition 
toward the United States." 

At the end of his .second term, Mr. Monroe re- 
tired to his home in Virginia, where he lived un- 
til 1830, when he went to New York to live with 
his son-in-law. In that city he died, on the 4th 
of July, 1831. 






















QOHN QUINCY ADAMS, the sixth President 

I of the United States, was born in the rural 
\Z/ home of his honored father, John Adams, in 
Quincy, Mass., on the nth of July, 1767. His 
mother, a woman of exalted worth, watched over 
his childhood during the almost constant ab- 
sence of his father. When but eight years of 
age, he stood with his mother on an eminence, 
listening to the booming of the great battle on 
Bunker's Hill, and gazing out upon the smoke 
and flames billowing up from the conflagration of 

When but eleven years old he took a tearful 
adieu of his mother, to sail with his father for Eu- 
rope, through a fleet of hostile British cruisers. 
The bright, animated boy spent a year and a-half 
in Paris, where his father was associated with 
Franklin and Lee as Minister Plenipotentiary. 
His intelligence attracted the notice of these dis- 
tinguished men, and he received from them flat- 
tering marks of attention. 

John Adams had scarcely returned to this 
country, in 1779, ere he was again sent abroad. 
Again John Quincy accompanied his father. At 
Paris he applied himself to study with great dil- 
igence for six months, and then accompanied his 
father to Holland, where he entered first a school 
in Amsterdam, then the University at Ley den. 
About a year from this time, in 1781, when the 
manly boy was but fourteen years of age, he was 
selected by Mr. Dana, our Minister to the Rus- 
sian court, as his private secretary. [ 

In this school of incessant labor and of ennobl- 1 
ing culture he spent fourteen months, and then ! 
returned to Holland, through Sweden, Denmark, \ 
Hamburg and Bremen. This long journey he 
took alone in the winter, when in his sixteenth 
year. Again he resumed his .studies, under a pri- 
vate tutor, at The Hague. Then, in the spring of 
1782, he accompanied his father to Paris, travel- 
ing leisurely, and forming acquaintances with the 
most distinguished men on the continent, examin- 

ing architectural remains, galleries of paintings, 
and all renowned works of art. At Paris he 
again became associated with the most illustrious 
men of all lands in the contemplation of the 
loftiest temporal themes which can engross the 
human mind. After a short visit to England he 
returned to Paris, and consecrated all his energies 
to study until May, 1785, when he returned to 
America to finish his education. 

Upon leaving Harvard College at the age of 
twenty, he .studied law for three years. In Jvne, 
1794, being then but twenty-seven years of age, 
he was appointed by Washington Resident Min- 
ister at the Netherlands. Sailing from Boston in 
July, he reached London in October, where he 
was immediately admitted to the deliberations of 
Messrs. Jay & Pinckney, assisting them in nego- 
tiating a commercial treaty with Great Britain. 
After thus spending a fortnight in London, he 
proceeded to The Hague. 

In July, 1797, he left The Hague to go to Por- 
tugal as Minister Plenipotentiary. On his way to 
Portugal, upon arriving in London, he met with 
despatches directing him to the court of Berlin, but 
requesting him to remain in London until he 
should receive his instructions. While waiting 
he was married to an American lad}', to whom he 
had been previously engaged — Miss Louisa Cath- 
erine Johnson, a daughter of Jo.shua Johnson, 
American Consul in London, and a lady en- 
dowed with that beauty and those accomplish- 
ments which eminently fitted her to move in the 
elevated sphere for which she was destined. He 
reached Berlin with his wife in November, 1797, 
where he remained until July, 1799, when, hav- 
ing fulfilled all the purposes of his mission, he so 
licited his recall. 

Soon after his return, in 1802, he was chosen 
to the Senate of Massachusetts from Boston, and 
then was elected Senator of the United States for 
six years, from the 4th of March, 1804. His rep- 
utation, his ability and his experience placed 



him immediately among the most prominent and 
influential members of that body. 

In 1809, Madison succeeded Jeiferson in the 
Presidential chair, and he immediately nominated 
John Quincy Adams Minister to St. Petersbura;h. 
Resigning his professorship in Harvard Col- 
lege, he embarked at Boston in August, 1809. 

While in Rus.sia, Mr. Adams was an intense 
Student. He devoted his attention to the lan- 
guage and history of Russia; to the Chinese trade; 
to the European s>-stem of weights, measures and 
coins; to the climate and a.stronomical observa- 
tions; while he kept up a familiar acquaintance 
with the Greek and I^atin classics. In all the 
universities of Europe, a more accomplished 
scholar could scarcely be found. All through 
life the Bible constituted an important part of his 
studies. It was his rule to read five chapters 
every daj'. 

On the 4th of March, 181 7, Mr. Monroe took 
the Presidential chair, and immediately appointed 
Mr. Adams Secretary of State. Taking leave of 
his mimerous friends in public and private life in 
Europe, he .sailed in June, 18 19, for the United 
States. On the i8th of August, he again crossed 
the threshold of his home in Ouincy. During the 
eight years of Mr. Monroe's administration, Mr. 
Adams continued Secretary of State. 

Some time before the close of Mr. Monroe's 
second term of office, new candidates began to be 
presented for the Presidency. The friends of Mr. 
Adams brought forward his name. It was an 
exciting campaign, and party spirit was never 
more bitter. Two hundred and sixty electoral 
votes were cast. Andrew Jackson received ninety- 
nine; John Quincy Adams eifhty-four; William 
H. Crawford forty-one; and Henry Clay thirty- 
seven. As there was no choice bj' the people, 
the question went to the House of Representa- 
tives. Mr. Clay gave the vote of Kentucky to 
Mr. Adams, and he was elected. 

The friends of all the disappointed candidates 
now combined in a venomous and persistent as- 
sault upon Mr. Adams. There is nothing more 
disgraceful in the past history of our countrv- than 
the abuse which was poured in one uninterrupted 
stream upon this high-minded, upright and pa- 

triotic man. There never was an administration 
more pure in principles, more conscientiously de- 
voted to the best interests of the country, than 
that of John Quincy Adams; and never, perhaps, 
was there an administration more unscrupulously 
and outrageously assailed. 

On the 4th of March, 1829, Mr. Adams retired 
from the Presidency, and was succeeded by An- 
drew Jackson. John C. Calhoun was elected 
Vice-President. The slavery question now be- 
gan to assume portentous magnitude. Mr. Adams 
returned to Quincy and to his .studies, which he 
pursued with unabated zeal. But he was not 
long permitted to remain in retirement. In No- 
vember, 1830, he was elected Representative in 
Congress. For seventeen years, or until his death, 
he occupied the post as Representative, towering 
above all his peers, ever ready to do brave battle 
for freedom, and winning the title of "the Old 
Man Eloquent." Upon taking his seat in the 
House, he announced that he should hold him- 
self bound to no party. Probably there never 
was a member more devoted to his duties. He 
was usually the first in his place in the morning, 
and the last to leave his seat in the evening. 
Not a measure could be brought forward and es- 
cape his scrutiny. The battle which Mr. Adams 
fought, almost singly, against the pro-slavery 
party in the Government was sublime in its 
moral daring and heroism. For persisting in 
presenting petitions for the abolition of slavery, 
he was threatened with indictment by the grand 
jury, with expulsion from the House, with assas- 
sination; but no threats could intimidate him, and 
his final triumph was complete. 

On the 2ist of Fel)ruary, 1848, he rose on the 
floor of Congress with a paper in his hand, to 
address the .speaker. Suddenly he fell, again 
.stricken by paralysis, and was caught in the arms 
of those armnul him. F'or a time he was sense- 
less, as he was con\-eyed to the sofa in the ro- 
tunda. With reviving consciousness, he opened 
his eyes, looked calmly around and said "This 
is the end of earth;" then after a moment's 
he added, " I am content." These were the last 
words of the grand ' ' Old Man Eloquent. ' ' 




GlNDREW JACKSON, the seventh President 
Ll of the United States, was bom in Waxhaw 
/ I settlement, N. C, March 15, 1767, a few 
days after his father's death. His parents were 
poor emigrants from Ireland, and took up their 
abode in Waxhaw settlement, where they lived 
in deepest poverty. 

Andrew, or Andy, as he was universally called, 
grew up a verj' rough, rude, turbulent boy. His 
features were coarse, his form ungainl}-, and there 
was but very little in his character made visible 
which was attractive. 

When only thirteen years old he joined the 
volunteers of Carolina against the British invasion. 
In 1 78 1, he and his brother Robert were captured 
and imprisoned for a time at Camden. A British 
officer ordered him to brush his mud-spattered 
boots. "lam a prisoner of war, not your serv- 
ant," was the reply of the dauntless boy. 

Andrew supported himself in various ways, such 
as working at the saddler's trade, teaching school, 
and clerking in a general store, until 1784, when 
he entered a law office at Salisbury, N. C. He, 
however, gave more attention to the wild amuse- 
ments of the times than to his studies. In 1788, 
he was appointed solicitor for the Western District 
of North Carolina, of which Tennessee was then 
a part. This involved many long journeys amid 
dangers of every- kind, but Andrew Jackson never 
knew fear, and the Indians had no desire to re- 
peat a skirmish with "Sharp Knife." 

In 1 79 1, Mr. Jackson was married to a woman 
who supposed herself divorced from her former 
husband. Great was the surprise of both parties, 
two years later, to find that the conditions of the 
divorce had just been definitely settled by the 
first husband. The marriage ceremony was per- 
formed a second time, but the occurrence was 
often used by his enemies to bring Mr. Jackson 
into disfavor. 

In January, 1796, the Territory of Tennessee 
then containing nearly eighty thousand inhabi- 
tants, the people met in convention at Knoxville 
to frame a constitution. Five were sent from 
each of the eleven counties. Andrew Jackson 
was one of the delegates. The new State was 
entitled to but one member in the National House 
of Representatives. Andrew Jackson was chosen 
that member. Mounting his horse, he rode to 
Philadelphia, where Congress then held its ses- 
sions, a distance of about eight hundred miles. 

Jackson was an earnest advocate of the Demo- 
cratic party, and Jefferson was his idol. He ad- 
mired Bonaparte, loved France, and hated Eng- 
land. As Mr. Jackson took his seat. Gen. Wash- 
ington, whose second term of office was then 
expiring, delivered his last speech to Congress. 
A committee drew up a complimentary address in 
reply. Andrew Jackson did not approve of the 
address, and was one of the twelve who voted 
against it. He was not willing to say that Gen. 
Washington's administration had been "wise, 
firm and patriotic. ' ' 

Mr. Jackson was elected to the United States 
Senate in 1797, but soon resigned and returned 
home. Soon after he was chosen Judge of the 
Supreme Court of his State, which position he 
held for six years. 

When the War of 181 2 with Great Britain com- 
menced, Madison occupied the Presidential chair. 
Aaron Burr sent word to the President that there 
was an unknown man in the West, Andrew Jack- 
son, who would do credit to a commission if one 
were conferred upon him. Just at that time Gen. 
Jackson offered his services and those of twenty- 
five hundred volunteers. His offer was accepted, 
and the troops were assembled at Nashville. 

As the British were hourly expected to make 
an attack upon New Orleans, where Gen. Wil- 
kinson was in command, he was ordered io de- 



scend the river with fifteen hundred troops to aid 
Wilkinson. The expedition reached Natchez, 
and after a delay of several weeks there without 
accomplishing anything, the men were ordered 
back to their homes. But the energy Gen. Jack- 
son had displayed, and his entire devotion to the 
comfort of his soldiers, won for him golden opin- 
ions, and he became the most popular man in the 
State. It was in this expedition that his tough- 
ness gave him the nickname of "Old Hickory." 

Soon after this, while attempting to horsewhip 
Col. Thomas Benton for a remark that gentleman 
made about his taking part as second in a duel 
in which a younger brother of Benton's was en- 
gaged, he received two severe pistol wounds. 
While he was lingering upon a bed of suffering, 
news came that the Indians, who had combined 
under Tecumseh from Florida to the Lakes to ex- 
terminate the white settlers, were committing the 
most awful ravages. Decisive action became nec- 
essary. Gen. Jackson, with his fractured bone 
just beginning to heal, his arm in a sling, and 
unable to mount his horse without assistance, 
gave his amazing energies to the raising of an 
army to rendezvous at Fayettesville, Ala. 

The Creek Indians had established a strong 
fort on one of the bends of the Tallapoosa River, 
near the center of Alabama, about fifty miles be- 
low Ft. Strother. With an army of two thousand 
men, Gen. Jackson traversed the pathless wilder- 
ness in a march of eleven days. He reached their 
fort, called Tohopeka or Horse-shoe, on the 27th 
of March, 18 14. The bend of the river enclosed 
nearly one hundred acres of tangled forest and 
wild ravine. Across the narrow neck the Indians 
had constructed a formidable breastwork of logs 
and brush. Here nine hundred warriors, with 
an ample supply of arms, were assembled. 

The fort was stormed. The fight was utterly 
desperate. Not an Indian would accept quarter. 
When bleeding and dj'ing, they would fight those 
who endeavored to spare their lives. From ten 
in the morning until dark the battle raged. The 
carnage was awful and re\'olting. Some threw 
themselves into the river; but the unerring bul- 
lets struck their heads as thev swam. Nearly 
every one of the nine hundred warriors was 

killed. A few, probably, in the night swam 
the river and escaped. This ended the war. 

This closing of the Creek War enabled us to 
concentrate all our militia upon the British, who 
were the allies of the Indians. No man of less 
resolute will than Gen. Jackson could have con- 
ducted this Indian campaign to so successful an 
issue. Immediately he was appointed Major- 

I^ate in August, with an army of two thousand 
men on a rushing march, Gen. Jackson went to 
Mobile. A British fleet went from Pensacola. 
landed a force upon the beach, anchored near the 
little fort, and from both ship and shore com- 
menced a furious assault. The battle was long 
and doubtful. At length one of the ships was 
blown up and the rest retired. 

Garrisoning Mobile, where he had taken his 
little army, he moved his troops to New Orleans, 
and the battle of New Orleans, which soon ensued, 
was in reality a very arduous campaign. This 
won for Gen. Jackson an imperishable name. 
Here his troops, which numbered about four 
thousand men, won a signal victory over the 
British army of about nine thousand. His loss 
was but thirteen, while the loss of the British was 
twenty-six hundred. 

The name of Gen. Jackson soon began to be 
mentioned in connection with the Presidency, 
but in 1824 he was defeated by Mr. Adams. 
He was, however, successful in the election of 
1828, and was re-elected for a second term in 
1832. In 1829, just before he assumed the reins 
of government, he met with the most terrible 
affliction of his life in the death of his wife, whom 
he had loved with a devotion which has perhaps 
never been surjjassed. From the shock of her 
death he never recovered. 

His administration was one of the most mem- 
orable in the annals of our countrs* — applauded 
by one party, condemned by the other. No man 
had more bitter enemies or warmer friends. At 
the expiration of his two terms of office he retired 
to the Hermitage, where he died June 8, 1S45. The 
last years of Mr. Jackson's life were those of a de- 
voted Christian man. 



yyi ARTIN VAN BUREN, the eighth Presi- 

y dent of the United States, was born at Kin- 
CS derhook, N. Y. , December 5, 1782. He 
died at the same place, July 24, 1862. His body 
rests in the cemetery at Kinderhook. Above it is 
a plain granite shaft, fifteen feet high, bearing a 
simple inscription about half-way up on one face. 
The lot is unfenced, unbordere'd or unbounded 
by shrub or flower. 

There is but little in the life of Martin Van 
Buren of romantic interest. He fought no battles, 
engaged in no wild adventures. Though his life 
was stormy in political and intellectual conflicts, 
and he gained many signal victories, his days 
passed uneventful in those incidents which give 
zest to biography. His ancestors, as his name indi- 
cates, were of Dutch origin, and were among the 
earliest emigrants from Holland to the banks of 
the Hudson. His father was a farmer, residing 
in the old town of Kinderhook. His mother, also 
of Dutch lineage, was a woman of superior intel- 
ligence and exemplary piety. 

He was decidedly a precocious boy, developing 
unusual activity, vigor and strength of mind. At 
the age of fourteen, he had finished his academic 
studies in his native village, and commenced the 
study of law. As he had not a collegiate educa- 
tion, .seven years of study in a law-office were re- 
quired of him before he could be admitted to the 
Bar. Inspired with a lofty ambition, and con- 
scious of his powers, he pursued his studies with 
indefatigable industry. After spending six years 
in an ofiice in his native village, he went to the city 
of New York, and pro.secuted his studies for the 
seventh year. 

In 1803, Mr. Van Buren, then twenty -one years 

of age, commenced the practice of law in his na- 
tive village. The great conflict between the Federal 
and Republican parties was then at its height. 
Mr. Van Buren was from the beginning a politi- 
cian. He had, perhaps, imbibed that spirit while 
listening to the many discussions which had been 
carried on in his father's hotel. He was in cordial 
sympathy with Jefferson, and earnestly and elo- 
quently espoused the cause of State Rights, though 
at that time the Federal party held the supremacy 
both in his town and State. 

His success and increasing reputation led him 
after six years of practice to remove to Hudson, 
the county seat of his county. Here he spent 
seven years, constantly gaining strength by con- 
tending in the courts with some of the ablest men 
who have adonied the Bar of his State. 

Just before leaving Kinderhook for Hudson, Mr. 
Van Buren married a lady alike distinguished for 
beauty and accomplishments. After twelve short 
years she sank into the grave, a victim of con- 
sumption, leaving her husband and four sons to 
weep over her lo,ss. For twenty-five years, Mr. 
Van Buren was an earnest, successful, assiduous 
lawyer. The record of those years is barren in 
items of public interest. In 1812, when thirty 
years of age, he was chosen to the State Senate, 
and gave his .strenuous support to Mr. Madison's 
administration. In 18 15, he was appointed At- 
torney-General, and the next year moved to Al- 
bany, the capital of the State. 

While he was acknowledged as one of the most 
prominent leaders of the Democratic party, he had 
the moral courage to avow that true democracy did 
not require that "universal suffrage' ' which admits 
the vile, the degraded, the ignorant, to the righ; 



of governing the State. In true consistency with 
his democratic principles, he contended tliat, while 
the path leading to the privilege of voting should 
be open to every man without distinction, no one 
should be invested with that sacred prerogative 
unless he were in some degree qualified for it by 
intelligence, virtue, and some property interests in 
the welfare of the State. 

In 182 1 he was elected a member of the United 
States Senate, and in the same year he took a 
seat in the convention to revise the Constitution of 
his native State. His course in this convention 
secured the approval of men of all parties. No 
one could doubt the singleness of his endeavors to 
promote the interests of all classes in the com- 
munity. In the Senate of the United States, he 
rose at once to a conspicuous position as an active 
and useful legislator. 

In 1827, John Quincy Adams being then in the 
Presidential chair, Mr. Van Buren was re-elected 
to the Senate. He had been from the beginning 
a determined opposer of the administration, adopt- 
ing the "State Rights" view in opposition to what 
was deemed the Federal proclivities of Mr. Adams. 

Soon after this, in 1S28, he was chosen Governor 
of the State of New York, and accordingly resigned 
his seat in the Senate. Probably no one in the 
United States contributed so much towards eject- 
ing John Q. Adams from the Presidential chair, 
and placing in it Andrew Jackson, as did Martin 
Vari Buren. Whether entitled to the reputation 
or not, he certainly was regarded throughout the 
United States as one of the most skillful, sagacious 
and cunning of politicians. It was supposed that 
no one knew .so well as he how to touch the secret 
springs of action, how to pull all the wires to 
j)ut his machinery in motion, and how to organize 
a political army which would secretly and stealth- 
ily accomplish the most gigantic results. By these 
powers it is said that he outwitted Mr. Adams, Mr. 
Clay, and Mr. Webster, and .secured results which 
:ew then thought could l)e accomplished. 

When Andrew Jackson was elected President 
he appointed Mr. Van ]5uren Secretary of State. 
This position he resigned in 1S31, and was im- 
mediatelv appointed Mini.stcr to luigland, where 
he went the same autumn. The Senate, however, 

when it met, refused to ratify the nomination, and 
he returned home, apparently untroubled. Later 
he was nominated Vice-President in the place of 
Calhoun, at the re-election of President Jackson, 
and with smiles for all and frowns for none, he 
took his place at the head of that Senate which had 
refused to confirm his nomination as ambassador. 

His rejection by the Senate roused all the zeal 
of President Jackson in behalf of his repudiated 
favorite; and this, probably, more than any other 
cause secured his elevation to the chair of the 
Chief Executive. On the 20th of May, 1836, Mr. 
Van Buren received the Democratic nomination 
to succeed Gen. Jackson as President of the United 
States. He was elected by a handsome majority, 
to the delight of the retiring President. ' 'Leaving 
New York out of the canvass," says Mr. Parton, 
"the election of Mr. Van Buren to the Presidency 
was as nuich the act of Gen. Jackson as though 
the Constitution had conferred upon him the power 
to appoint a successor. ' ' 

His administration was filled with exciting 
events. The insurrection in Canada, which 
threatened to involve this country in war with 
England, the agitation of the .slavery question, 
and finally the great commercial panic which 
spread over the country, all were trials of his wis- 
dom. The financial di.stress was attributed to 
the management of the Democratic party, and 
brought the President into such disfavor that he 
failed of re-election, and on the 4th of March, 
1 84 1, he retired from the presidency. 

With the exception of being nominated for the 
Presidency by the "FreCvSoil" Democrats in 1848, 
Mr. Van Buren lived quietly upon his estate until 
his death. He had ever been a prudent man, of 
frugal habits, and, living within his income, had 
now fortunately a competence for his declining 
years. From his fine estate at Lindenwald, he 
still exerted a powerful influence upon the politics 
of the country. From this time until his death, 
on the 24th of July, 1S62, at the age of eighty 
years, he resided at Lindenwald, a gentleman of 
leisure, of culture and wealth, enjoying in a 
healthy old age ])robably far more happiness than 
hi had before experienced amid the stormy scenes 
of his active life. 



President of the United States, was born 
at Berkeley, Va., February 9, 1773. His 
father, Benjamin Harrison, was in comparatively 
opulent circumstances, and was one of the most 
distinguished men of his day. He was an inti- 
mate friend of George Washington, was early 
elected a member of the Continental Congress, 
and was conspicuous among the patriots of Vir- 
ginia in resisting the encroachments of the British 
crown. In the celebrated Congress of 1775, Ben- 
jamin Harrison and John Hancock were both 
candidates for the office of Speaker. 

Mr. Harrison was subsequently chosen Gov- 
ernor of Virginia, and was twice re-elected. His 
son William Henry, of course, enjoyed in child- 
hood all the advantages which wealth and intel- 
lectual and cultivated society could give. Hav- 
ing received a thorough common-school educa- 
tion, he entered Hampden Sidney College, where 
he graduated with honor soon after the death of 
his father. He then repaired to Philadelphia to 
study medicine under the instructions of Dr. Rush 
and the guardianship of Robert Morris, both of 
whom were, with his father, signers of the Dec- 
laration of Independence. 

Upon the outbreak of the Indian troubles, and 
notwithstanding the remonstrances of his friends, 
he abandoned his medical studies and entered the 
army, having obtained a commission as Ensign 
from President W^ashington. He was then but 
nineteen years old. From that time he passed 
gradually upward in rank until he became aide 
to Gen. Wayne, after whose death he resigned 
his commission. He was then appointed Secre- 
tary of the Northwestern Territory. This Terri- 
tory was then entitled to but one member in Con- 

gress, and Harrison was chosen to fill that position. 
In the spring of iSoo the Northwestern Terri- 
tory was divided by Congress into two portions. 
The eastern portion, comprising the region now- 
embraced in the State of Ohio, was called "The 
Territor>' northwest of the Ohio." The western 
portion, which included what is now called Indi- 
ana, Illinois and Wisconsin, was called "the Indi- 
ana Tern torj'." William Henr>' Harrison, then 
twenty-seven years of age, was appointed by John 
Adams Governor of the Indiana Territory', and 
immediately after also Governor of Upper Loui- 
siana. He was thus ruler over almost as exten- 
sive a realm as any sovereign upon the globe. 
He was Superintendent of Indian Affairs, and 
was invested with powers nearly dictatorial over 
the then rapidly increasing white population. The 
ability and fidelity with which he discharged 
these responsible duties may be inferred from the 
fact that he was four times appointed to this 
office — first by John Adams, twice by Thomas 
Jefferson, and afterwards by President Madison. 

When he began his administration there were 
but three white settlements in that almost bound- 
less region, now crowded with cities and resound- 
ing with all the tumult of wealth and traffic. 
One of these settlements was on the Ohio, nearly 
opposite Loui.sville; one at Vincennes, on the 
Wabash; and the third was a French settlement. 

The vast wilderness over which Gov. Harrison 
reigned was filled with many tribes of Indians. 
About the year 1806, two extraordinary men, 
twin brothers of the Shawnee tribe, rose among 
them. One of was called Tecumseh, or 
"the Crouching Panther;" the other Olliwa- 
checa, or ' ' the Prophet. ' ' Tecumseh was not 
only an Indian warrior, but a man of great sagac- 


ily. far-n-achiiig lorcsighl and indoniitable perse- 
veraiict in any cntfrprise in which he might en- 
gage. Hi.s brother, the Prophet, was an orator, 
who could sway the feelings of the untntored In- 
dians as the gale tossed the tree-tops beneath 
wlrich they dwelt. With an unsur- 
pa.sse<l by Peter the Hermit rousing luirope to the 
cni-sades, he went from tribe to tribe, a.ssuming 
that he was specially sent by the Great Spirit. 

Gov. Harris).)!! made man>- attempts to con- 
ciliate the India!!s, but at war came, and at 
Tippecanoe the Indians were routed with great 
slaughter. Octolx-r 28, 18 12, his army began its 
inarch. When !iear the Prophet's town, three 
Indians of rank !nade their appearance and in- 
quired why Gov. Harri.son was approaching them 
in so hostile a!! attitude. After a short confer- 
ence, arrangements were made for a meeting the 
next day to agree upon teri!is of peace. 

But Gov. Harris<J!i was too well acquainted 
with the Indian character to be deceived by such 
protestations. Selecting a favorable spot for his 
night's encamjji!ie!!t, he took every precaution 
against surprise. His troops were posted in a 
hollow stpiare and slept upon their arms. The 
wakeful Gover!!or, betwee!i three and four o'clock 
in the moniiiig, had risen, and was sitting 
in co!iver.satio!! with his aides by the embers 
of a waning fire. It was a chill, cloudy moniing, 
with a drizzling rain. In the darkness, the In- 
diai!s had crept as !iear as po.ssible, and then, 
with a .savage yell, rushed, with all the despera- 
tio!! which superstition a!id jjassion highly 
iiiflametl could give, upo!i the left flank of the 
little an!iy. The savages had been amply pro- 
viilol with guns and ammunition by, 
and their war-whoop was acco!upanied by a 
sliower of bullets. 

The camp-fires were instantly e.xtinguished, as 
the light aided the Indians in their aim, and 
Gen. Harri.son's troops stood as immovable as 
■ - around llicm until day dawned, when 
'■ a simullaneous charge with the bayo- 
net and swept everything before them, completely 
rout) " : ,u. 

<■ ^"11 now had all his energies tasked 

to the utmost. The British, descending from the 

Canadas, were of themselves a ven,- formidable 
force, but with their .savage allies rushing like 
wolves from the forest, burning, plundering, scalp- 
ing torturing, the wide frontier was plunged into 
a state of consternation which even the most vivid 
imagination can but faintly conceive. Gen. Hull 
had made an ignominious surrender of his forces at 
Detroit. Under these despairing circumstances, 
Gov. Harrison was appointed bj' President Madi- 
son Commander-in-Chief of the Nortlnvestern 
Army, with orders to retake Detroit and to protect 
the frontiers. It would be difficult to place a man 
in a situation demanding more energy, sagacity 
and courage, but he was found equal to the 
po.sition, and nobl\- and triumphantly did he meet 
all the responsibilities. 

In 18 16, Gen. Harrison was chosen a member 
of the National House of Representatives, to rep- 
resent the District of Ohio. In Congress he proved 
an active member, and whenever he spoke it was 
with a force of reason and power of eloquence 
which arrested the attention of all the members. 

In 18 1 g, Harrison was elected to the Senate of 
Ohio, and in 1824, as one of the Presidential Elec- 
tors of that State, he gave his vote for Henry 
Clay. The same year he was chosen to the Uni- 
ted States Senate. In 1S36 his friends brought 
him forward as a candidate for the Presidency Van Buren, but he was defeated. At the 
close of Mr. Van Buren's term, he was re-nom- 
inated by his party, and Mr. Harrison was unani- 
mously nominated by the Whigs, with John Tyler 
for the Vice-Presidency. The contest was very 
animated. Gen. Jackson gave all his influence to 
prevent Harrison's election, but his triumph was 

The cabinet which he foraied, with Daniel W^eb- 
ster at its head as Secretary of State, was one of 
the most brilliant with which ain- President had 
ever been surrounded. Never were the prospects 
of an admini.stration more flattering, or the hopes 
of the country more .sanguine. In the midst of 
these bright and joyous pro.spects. Gen. Harrison 
was seized by a pleurisy-fever, and after a few 
days of violent sickness died, on the 4tli of April, 
just one month after his inauguration as President 
of the United States. 



(John TYLER, the tenth President of the 
I United States, and was born in Charles 
Q) City Count}-, Va., March 29, 1790. He was 
the favored child of affluence and high social po- 
sition. At the early age of twelve, John entered 
William and Mary College, and graduated with 
much honor when but seventeen years old. After 
graduating, he devoted himself with great assi- 
duity to the study of law, partly with his father 
and partly with Edmund Randolph, one of the 
most distinguished lawyers of Virginia. 

At nineteen years of age, he commenced the 
practice of law. His success was rapid and as- 
tonishing. It is said that three months had not 
elapsed ere there was scarcely a case on the 
docket of the court in which he was not retained. 
When but twenty -one years of age, he was almost 
unanimously elected to a seat in the State Legis- 
lature. He connected himself with the Demo- 
cratic party, and warmly advocated the measures 
of Jefferson and Madison. For five successive 
3'ears he was elected to the Legislature, receiving 
nearly the unanimous vote of his county. 

When but twenty-six years of age, he was 
elected a Member of Congress. Here he acted ear- 
ne.stly andabl}' with the Democratic party, oppos- 
ing a national bank, internal improvements by 
the General Government, and a protective tariff; 
advocating a .strict construction of the Constitu- 
tion and the most careful vigilance over State 
rights. His labors in Congress were so arduous 
that before the close of his second term he found 
it necessary' to resign and retire to his estate in 
Charles City County to recruit his health. He, 
however, soon after consented to take his seat in 
the vState Legislature, where his influence was 
powerful in promoting public works of great 
utility. With a reputation thus constantly in- 
creasing, he was chosen by a verj- large majority 
of votes Governor of his native State. His ad- 
ministration was a signally successflil one, and his 
popularity secured his re-election. 

John Randolph, a brilliant, erratic, half-crazed 
man, then represented Virginia in the Senate of 
the United States. A portion of the Democratic 
party was di.spleased with Mr. Randolph's way- 
ward course, and brought forward John Tyler as 
his opponent, considering him the only man in 
Virginia of .sufficient popularity to .succeed 
against the renowned orator of Roanoke. Mr. 
Tyler was the victor. 

In accordance with his professions, upon tak- 
ing his seat in the Senate he joined the ranks of 
the opposition. He opposed the tariff, and spoke 
against and voted against the bank as unconsti- 
tutional; he strenuously opposed all restrictions 
upon slavery, resisting all projects of internal im- 
provements Dy the General Government, and 
avowed his sympathy with Mr. Calhoun's view 
of nullification; he declared that Gen. Jackson, 
by his opposition to the nullifiers, had abandoned 
the principles of the Democratic party. Such 
was Mr. Tyler's record in Congres.s — a record in 
perfect accordance with the principles which he 
had always avowed. 

Returning to Virginia, he resumed the practice 
of his profession. There was a split in the Demo- 
cratic party. His friends still regarded him as a 
true Jeffersonian, gave him a dinner, and show- 
ered compliments upon him. He had now at- 
tained the age of forty-six, and tiis career had been 
ven." brilliant. In consequence of his devotion to 
public business, his private affairs had fallen into 
some disorder, and it was not without satisfac- 
tion that he resumed the practice of law, and de- 
voted himself to the cultivation of his plantation. 
Soon after this he removed to Williamsburg, for 
the better education of his children, and he again 
took his seat in the Legislature of Virginia. 

By the southern Whigs he was sent to the 
national convention at Harrisburg in 1 839 to nom- 
inate a President. The majority of votes were 
given to Gen Harrison, a genuine Whig, much 
to the disappointment of the South, which wished 



for Henry Clay. To conciliate the southern 
Whig.s and to secure their vote, the convention 
then noniinatfd John Tyler for Vice-President. 
It was well known that he was not in sympathy 
with the Whig party in the North; but the Vice- 
President has very little power in the Govern- 
ment, his main and almost only duty being to 
preside over the meetings of the Senate. Thus it 
happened that a Whig President and, in realitj', 
a Democratic \'ice-President were chosen. 

In 1841, Mr. Tyler was inaugurated Vice- 
Pre.sident of the United States. In one short 
month from that time, President Harrison died, 
and Mr: Tyler thus found himself, to his own 
surprise and that of the whole nation, an occu- 
pant of the Presidential chair. Hastening from 
Williamsburg to Wa.shington, on the 6th of 
April he was inaugurated to the high and re- 
sponsible office. He was placed in a position of 
exceeding delicacy and difficulty. All his long 
life he had been opposed to the main principles of 
the party which had brought him into power. 
He had ever been a consistent, honest man, with 
an unblemished record. Gen. Harrison had se- 
lected a Whig cabinet. Should he retain them, 
and thus surround him.self with counselors whose 
views were antagonistic to his own ? or, on the 
other hand, should he turn against the party 
which had elected him, and select a cabinet in 
harmony with himself and which would oppose 
all those views which the Whigs deemed essen- 
tial to the public welfare ? This was his fearful 
dilemma. He invited the cabinet which Presi- 
dent Harrison had selected to retain their .seats, 
and recommended a day of fasting and prayer, 
that God would guide and bless us. 

The Whigs carried through Congress a bill for 
the incorporation of a fi.scal bank of ,:he United 
States. The President, after ten days' delay, re- 
turned it with his veto. He suggested, however, 
that he would approve of a bill drawn up upon 
such a plan as he proposed. Such a bill was ac- 
cordingly prepared, and privately submitted to 
him. He gave it his approval. It was passed 
without alteration, and he sent it back with his 
veto. Here commenced the open rupture. It is 
said that Mr. Tyler was provoked to this meas- 

ure by a pubHshed letter from the Hon. John M. 
Botts, a distinguished Virginia Whig, who se- 
verely touched the pride of the President. 

The opjjosition now exultingly received the 
President into their arms. The party which 
elected him denounced him bitterly. All the 
members of his cabinet, excepting Mr. Webster, 
resigned. The Whigs of Congress, both the 
Senate and the House, held a meeting and i.ssued 
an address to the people of the United States, 
proclaiming that all political alliance between the 
Whigs and President Tyler was at an end. 

Still the President attempted to conciliate. He 
appointed a new cabinet of distinguished Whigs 
and Conservatives, carefully leaving out all strong 
party men. Mr. Webster soon found it necessary 
to resign, forced out by the pressure of his Whig 
friends. Thus the four years of Mr. Tyler's un- 
fortunate administration passed sadly away. No 
one was satisfied. The land was filled with mur- 
murs and \ituperation. Whigs and Democrats 
alike assailed him. More and more, however, he 
brought himself into sympathy with his okl 
friends, the Democrats, until at the close of his 
term he gave his whole influence to the support 
of Mr. Polk, the Democratic candidate for his 

On the 4th of March, 1845, President Tyler re- 
tired from the harassments of oiSce, to the regret 
of neither party, and probably to his own unspeak- 
able relief The remainder of his days were 
passed mainly in the retirement of his beautiful 
home — Sherwood Forest, Charles City County, 
Va. His first wife. Miss Letitia Christian, died 
in Washington in 1842; and in June, 1844, 
he was again married, at New York, to Miss Julia 
Gardiner, a young lady of many personal and 
intellectual accomplishments. 

When the great Rebellion rose, which the 
State Rights and nullifying doctrines of John C. 
Calhoun had inaugurated. President Tyler re- 
nounced his allegiance to the United vStates, and 
joined the Confederates. He was cho.sen a mem- 
ber of their Congress, and while engaged in 
active measures to destroy, by force of arms, the 
Government over which he had once presided, he 
was taken sick and .soon died. 



(Tames K. polk, the eleventh President of 
I the United States, was born in Mecklenburgh 
Q) County, N. C, November 2, 1795. His 
parents were Samuel and Jane (Knoxj Polk, the 
former a son of Col. Thomas Polk, who located 
at the above place, as one of the first pioneers, in 
1735. In 1806, with his wife and children, and 
soon after followed by most of the members of the j 
Polk family, Samuel Polk emigrated .some two or 
three hundred miles farther, to the rich val- 
ley of the Duck River. Here, in the midst of the 
wilderness, in a region which was subsequently 
called Maury County, they erected their log huts 
and established their homes. In the hard toil of 
a new farm in the wilderness, James K. Polk 
spent the early years of his childliood and j'outh. 
His father, adding the pursuit of a surveyor to 
that of a farmer, gradually increased in wealth, 
until he became one of the leading men of the 
region. His mother was a superior woman, of 
strong common sense and earnest piety. 

Very early in life James developed a taste for 
reading, and expressed the strongest desire to ob- 
tain a liberal education. His mother's training 
had made him methodical in his habits, had taught 
him punctuality and industry, and had inspired 
him with lofty principles of morality. His health 
was frail, and his father, fearing that he might not 
be able to endure a sedentary life, got a situation 
for him behind the counter, hoping to fit him for 
commercial pursuits. i 

This was to James a bitter disappointment. He ! 
had no ta.ste for these duties, and his aaily tasKS ' 
were irksome in the extreme. He remained in this 
uncongenial occupation but a few v^eks, when, 
at his earnest solicitation, his faiHer removed 
him and made arrangements for him to pros- 
ecute his studies. Soon after he sent him to Mur- 
freesboro Academy. With ardor which could 
scarcely be surpassed, he pressed forward in his 

studies, and in less than two and a-half years, in 
the autumn of 18 15, entered the sophomore class 
in the University of North Carolina, at Chapel 
Hill. Here he was one of the most exemplarj- of 
scholars, punctual in every, never allow- 
ing him.self to be absent from a recitation or a 
religious ser\-ice. 

Mr. Polk graduated in 18 18, with the highest 
honors, being deemed the best scholar of his class, 
both in mathematics and the cla.ssics. He was 
then twenty-three years of age. His health was 
at this time much impaired by the assiduity with 
which he had prosecuted his studies. After a 
short season of relaxation, he went to Nashville, 
and entered the office of Felix Grundy, to study 
law. Here Mr. Polk renewed his acquaintance 
with Andrew Jackson, who resided on his planta- 
tion, the " Hermitage," but a few miles from 
Nashville. They had probably been slightly ac- 
quainted before. 

Mr. Polk's father was a Jeffersonian Republican 
and James K. adhered to the same political faith. 
He was a popular public speaker, and was con- 
stantly called upon to address the meetings of his 
party friends. His skill as a speaker was such 
that he was popularly called the Napoleon of the 
stump. He was a man of unblemished morals, 
genial and courteous in his bearing, and with that 
sympathetic nature in the joys and griefs of oth- 
ers which gave him hosts of friends. In 1823, 
he was elected to the Legislature of Tennessee, 
and gave his strong influence toward the election 
of his friend, Mr. Jackson, to the Presidency of 
the United States. 

In January, 1824, Mr. Polk married MissSarah 
Childress, of Rutherford County, Tenn. His 
bride was altogether worthy of him — a lady of 
beauty and culture. In the fall of 1825 Mr. Polk 
was chosen a member of Congress, and the satis- 
faction he gave his constituents may be inferred 



from the fact, that for fourteen successive years, 
or until 1839, he was continued in that office. He 
then vohnitarily withdrew, onlj- that he might 
accept the Gubernatorial chair of Tennessee. In 
Congress he was a laborious member, a frequent 
and a popular speaker. He was always in his 
seat, always courteous, and whenever he spoke 
it was always to the point, without any ambitious 
rhetorical display. 

During five sessions of Congress Mr. Polk was 
Speaker of the House. Strong passions were 
roused and stormj' .scenes were witnessed, but he 
performed, his arduous duties to a very general 
satisfaction, and a unanimous vote of thanks to 
him was passed by the House as he withdrew on 
the- 4th of March, 1839. 

In accordance with Southern usage, Mr. Polk, 
as a candidate for Governor, canvassed the State. 
He was elected by a large majority, and on Octo- 
ber 14, 1839, took the oath of office at Nashville. 
In 1 841 his term of office expired, and he was 
again the candidate of the Democratic party, but 
was defeated. 

On the 4th of March, 1845, Mr. Polk was in- 
augurated President of the United States. The 
verdict of the country in favor of the annexation 
of Texas exerted its influence upon Congress, 
and the last act of the administration of President 
Tyler was to affix his .signature to a joint resolu- 
tion of Congress, passed on the 3d of March, ap- 
proving of the annexation of Texas to the Union. 
As Mexico still claimed Texas as one of her 
provinces, the Mexican Minister, Almonte, im- 
mediately demanded his passports and left the 
country, declaring the act of the annexation to be 
an act hostile to Mexico. 

In his first message, President Polk urged that 
Texas should immediately, by act of Congress, be 
received into the Union on the .same footing with 
the other vStates. In the mean time. Gen. Taylor 
was .sent with an army into Texas to hold the 
coinitry. He was first .sent to Nueces, which the 
Mexicans said was the western Ijoundary of Tex- 
as. Then he was sent nearly two hundred miles 
further west, to the Rio Grande, where he erected 
batteries which comnuuided the Mexican city of 
Matamoras, which was situated on the western 

banks. The anticipated collision soon took place, 
and war was declared against Mexico by President 
Polk. The war was pushed forward by his ad- 
ministration with great vigor. Gen. Taj'lor, army was first called one of " observation," 
then of "occupation," then of "invasion," was 
sent forward to Monterey. The feeble Mexicans 
in every encounter were hopelessly slaughtered. 
The day of judgment alone can reveal the misery- 
which this war caused. It was by the ingenuity 
of Mr. Polk's administration that the war was 
brought on. 

' ' To the victors belong the spoils. ' ' Mexico 
was prostrate before us. Her capital was in our 
hands. We now consented to peace upon the 
condition that Mexico should surrender to us, in 
addition to Te.Kas, all of New Mexico, and all of 
Upper and Lower Califoniia. This new demand 
embraced, exclusive of Texas, eight hundred 
thousand square miles. This was an extent of 
territory equal to nine States of the size of New 
York. Thus slavery was securing eighteen ma- 
jestic States to be added to the Union. There 
were some Americans who thought it all right; 
there were others who thought it all wrong. In 
the pro.secution of this war we expended twenty 
thousand lives and more than $100,000,000. Of 
this money $15,000,000 were paid to Mexico. 

On the 3d of March, 1849, Mr. Polk retired 
from office, having ser\'ed one term.. The next 
day was Sunday. On the 5th, Gen. Taylor was 
inaugurated as his successor. Mr. Polk rode to 
the Capitol in the same carriage with Gen. Tay- 
lor, and the same evening, with Mrs. Polk, he 
commenced his return to Tennessee. He was-, 
then Init fifty-four years of age. He had always 
been .strictly temperate in all his habits, and his 
health was good. With an ample fortune, a 
choice librar}', a cultivated mind, and domestic 
ties of the dearest nature, it seemed as though 
long years of tranquillity and happiness were be- 
fore him. But the cholera — that fearfiil scourge 
— was then sweeping up the Valley of the Missis- 
sippi, and he contracted the disease, dying on the 
15th of June, 1S49, in the fifty-fourth year of his 
age, greatly mourned by his countrymen. 



^ACHARY TAYLOR, twelfth President of 
A the United States, was born on the 24th of 
/^ November, 1784, in Orange County, Va. 
His father, Col. Taylor, was a Yirginian of 
note, and a distinguished patriot and soldier of 
the Revolution. When Zachary was an infant, 
his father, with his wife and two children, emi- 
grated to Kentucky, where he settled in the path- 
less wilderness, a few miles from Louisville. In 
this frontier home, away from civilization and all 
its refinements, young Zachary could enjoy but 
few social and educational advantages. When 
six years of age he attended a common school, 
and was then regarded as a bright, active boy, 
rather remarkable for bluntness and decision of 
character. He was strong, fearless and self-reli- 
ant, and manifested a strong desire to enter the 
army to fight the Indians, who were ravaging the 
frontiers. There is little to be recorded of the 
uneventful years of his childhood on his father's 
large but lonely plantation. 

In 1808, his father succeeded in obtaining for 
him a commission as Lieutenant in the United 
vStates ami)-, and he joined the troops which were 
stationed at New Orleans under Gen. Wilkinson. 
Soon after this he married Miss Margaret Smith, 
a young lady from one of the first families of 

Immediately after the declaration of war with 
England, in 1812, Capt. Taylor (for he had then 
been promoted to that rank) was put in command 
of Ft. Harrison, on the Wabash, about fifty miles 
above Vincennes. This fort had been built in the 
wilderness by Gen. Harrison, on his march to 
Tippecanoe. It was one of the first points of at- 
tack by the Indians, led by Tecumseh. Its garri- 
son consisted of a broken company of infantry, 
numbering fifty men, many of whom were sick. 

Early in the autumn of 181 2, the Indians, 
stealthily, and in large numbers, moved upon the 

fort. Their approach was first indicated by ..he 
murder of two soldiers just outside of the stockade. 
Capt. Taylor made every possible preparation to 
meet the anticipated assault. On the 4th of Sep- 
tember, a band of forty painted and plumed sav- 
ages came to the fort, waving a white flag, and 
informed Capt. Taylor that in the morning their 
chief would come to have a talk with him. It 
was evident that their object was merely to ascer- 
tain the state of things at the fort, and Capt. 
Taylor, well versed in the wiles of the savages, 
kept them at a distance. 

The sun went down; the savages disappeared; 
the garrison slept upon their arms. One hour 
before midnight the war-whoop burst from a 
thousand lips in the forest around, followed by 
the discharge of musketry and the rush of the 
foe. Every man, sick and well, sprang to his 
post. Every man knew that defeat was not 
merely death, but, in the case of capture, death by 
the most agonizing and prolonged torture. No 
pen can describe, no imagination can conceive, the 
scenes which ensued. The savages succeeded in 
setting fire to one of the block-houses. Until six 
o'clock in the morning this awful conflict con- 
tinued, when the savages, baffled at every point 
and gnashing their teeth with rage, retired. 
Capt. Taylor, for this gallant defense, was pro- 
moted to the rank of Major by brevet. 

Until the close of the war, Maj. Taylor was 
placed in such situations that he saw but little 
more of active service. He was sent far away 
into the depths of the wilderness to Ft. Craw- 
ford, on Fox Ri\'er, which empties into Green 
Bay. Here there was little to be done but to 
wear away the tedious hours as one best could. 
There were no books, no society, no intellectual 
stimulus. Thus with him the uneventful years 
rolled on. Gradually he rose to the rank of 
Colonel. In the Black Hawk War, which re- 



suited in the capture of that renowned chieftain, 
Col. Taylor took a subordinate, but a brave and 
efficient, part. 

For t\vent\--four >ears Col. Taylor was engaged 
in the defense of the frontiers, in scenes so re- 
mote, and in employments so obscure, that his 
name was unknown beyond the limits of his own 
immediate acquaintance. In the year 1836, he 
was sent to Florida to compel the Seminole Indi- 
ans to vacate that region, and retire bej-ond the 
Mississippi, as their chiefs by treaty had prom- 
ised they should do. The ser\'ices rendered here 
secured for Col. Taylor the high appreciation of 
the Government, and as a reward he was ele- 
vated to the high rank of Brigadier- General by 
brevet, and soon after, in May, 1838, was ap- 
pointed to the chief command of the United 
States troops in Florida. 

After two years of wearisome employment 
amidst the everglades of the Peninsula, Gen. Tay- 
lor obtained, at his own request, a change of 
command, and was stationed over the Department 
of the Southwest. This field embraced Louisiana, 
Mississippi, Alabama and Georgia. E.stablishing 
his headquarters at Ft. Je.ssup, in Louisiana, he 
removed his family to a plantation which he pur- 
chased near Baton Rouge. Here he remained 
for five years, buried, as it were, from the world, 
but faithfully discharging every duty imposed 
upon him. 

In 1846, Gen. Taylor was sent to guard the 
land between the Nueces and Rio Grande, the 
latter river being the boundarj- of Texas, which 
was then claimed by the United States. Soon 
the war with Mexico was brought on, and at Palo 
Alto and Resaca de la Palma, Gen. Taylor won 
brilliant victories over the Mexicans. The rank 
of Major-General by brevet was then conferred 
upon Gen. Taylor, and his name was received 
with enthusiasm almost everywhere in the na- 
tion. Then came the battles of Monterey and 
Buena Vista, in which he won signal victories 
over forces much larger than he commanded. 

The tidings of the brilliant victory of Buena 
Vista .spread the wildest enthusiasm over the 
country. The name of Gen. Taylor was on 
every one's lips. The Whig party decided to 

take advantage of this wonderful popularity in 
bringing forward the unpolished, unlettered, hon- 
est .soldier as their candidate for the Presidency. 
Gen. Taylor was astonished at the announce- 
ment, and for a time would not listen to it, de- 
claring that he was not at all qualified for such 
an office. So little interest had he taken in poli- 
tics, that for fort)' years he had not cast a vote. 
It was not without chagrin that several distin- 
guished .statesmen, who had been long years in 
the public senuce, found their claims set aside in 
behalf of one whose name had never been heard 
of, .save in connection with Palo Alto, Resaca de 
la Palma, Monterey and Buena Vista. It is said 
that Daniel Webster, in his haste, remarked, " It 
is a nomination not fit to be made." 

Gen. Taylor was not an eloquent speaker nor a 
fine writer. His friends took posses.sion of him, 
and prepared such few communications as it was 
needful should be presented to the public. The 
popularity of the successful warrior swept the 
land. He was triumphantly elected over two 
opposing candidates, — Gen. Cass and Ex-Presi- 
dent Martin Van Buren. Though he selected an 
excellent cabinet, the good old man found himself 
in a very uncongenial position, and was at times 
sorely perplexed and harassed. His mental suf- 
ferings were very severe, and probably tended to 
hasten his death. The pro-slavery party was 
pushing its claims with tireless energ>-; expedi- 
tions were fitting out to capture Cuba; California 
was pleading for admission to the Union, while 
slavery .stood at the door to bar her out. Gen. 
Taylor found the political conflicts in Washington 
to be far more trying to the nerves than battles 
with Mexicans or Indians. 

In the midst of all these troubles. Gen. Taylor, 
after he had occupied the Presidential chair but 
little over a year, took cold, and after a brief 
sickness of but little over five days, died, on the 
gtli of July, 1850. His last words were, "I am 
not afraid to die. I am read)-. I have endeav- 
ored to do my duty." He died universally re- 
.spected and beloved. An honest, unpretending 
man, he had been steadil)' growing in the affec- 
tions of the people, and the Nation bitterly la- 
mented his death. 



y^ILLARD FILLMORE, thirteenth President 
y of the United States, was born at Summer 
(^ Hill, Cayuga County, N. Y., on the yth of 
Januan,-, 1800. His father was a farmer, and, owing 
to misfortune, in humble circumstances. Of his 
mother, the daughter of Dr. Abiathar Millard, of 
Pittsfield, Mass., it has been said that .she pos- 
sessed an intellect of a high order, united with 
much personal loveliness, sweetness of disposi- 
tion, graceful manners and exquisite sensibilities. 
She died in 1831, having lived to see her son a 
young man of distinguished promise, though she 
was not permitted to witness the high dignity 
which he finally attained. 

In consequence of the secluded home and limited 
means of his father, Millard enjoyed but slender 
advantages for education in his early years. The 
common schools, which he occasionallj- attended, 
were very imperfect institutions, and books were 
scarce and expensive. There was nothing then 
in his character to indicate the brilliant career 
upon which he was about to enter. He was a 
plain farmer's boy — intelligent, good-looking, 
kind-hearted. The sacred iufiuences of home 
had taught him to revere the Bible, and had laid 
the foundations of an upright character. When 
fourteen years of age, his father sent him some 
hundred miles from home to the then wilds of 
Livingston County, to learn the trade of a clothier. 
Near the mill there was a small village, where 
some enterprising man had commenced the col- 
lection of a village library. This proved an in- 
estimable bles.sing to young Fillmore. His even- 
ings were spent in reading. Soon every leisure 
moment was occupied with books. His thirst for 
knowledge became insatiate, and the selections 
which he made were continually more elevating 
and instructive. He read history, biography, 
orator}', and thus gradually there was enkindled 

in his heart a desire to be something more than a 
mere worker with his hands. 

The \oung clothier had now attained the age 
of nineteen years, and was of fine personal appear- 
ance and of gentlemanly demeanor. It so hap- 
pened that there was a gentleman in the neigh- 
borhood of ample pecuniary means and of benev- 
olence, — ^Judge Walter Wood, — who was struck 
with the prepossessing appearance of young Fill- 
more. He made his acquaintance, and was so 
much impressed with his ability and attainments 
that he advised him to abandon his trade and de- 
vote himself to the study of the law. The young 
man replied that he had no means of his own, 
no friends to help him, and that his previous edu- 
cation had been very imperfect. But Judge Wood 
had so much confidence in him that he kindly 
offered to take him into his own office, and to 
lend him such money as he needed. Most grate- 
fully the generous offer was accepted. 

There is in many minds a strange delusion 
about a collegiate education. A young man is 
supposed to be liberally educated if he has gradu- 
ated at some college. But many a boy who loi- 
ters through university halls and then enters a 
law office is by no means as well prepared to 
prosecute his legal studies as was Millard Fill- 
more when he graduated at the clothing-mill at 
the end of four years of manual labor, during 
which ever>- leisure moment had been devoted to 
intense mental culture. 

In 1823, when twenty-three years of age, he 
was admitted to the Court of Common Pleas. 
He then went to the village of Aurora, and com- 
menced the practice of law. In this secluded, 
quiet region, his practice, of course, was limited, 
and there was no opportunity for a sudden rise in 
fortune or in fame. Here, in 1826, he married a 
lady of great moral worth, and one capable of 



adorning anj- station she might be called to fill, — 
Miss Abigail Powers. 

His elevation of character, his untiring industrj', 
his legal ac(iuircnients, and his skill as an advo- 
cate, gradually attracted attention, and he was 
invited to enter into partnership, under highly ad- 
vantageous circumstances, with an elder member 
of the Bar in Buffalo. Just before removing to 
Buffalo, in 1S29, he took his seat in the House of 
Assembly of the vState of New York, as a Repre- 
sentative from Erie County. Though he had 
never taken a very active part in politics, his vote 
and sympathies were with the Whig party. The 
State was then Democratic, and he found himself 
in a helpless minority in the Legislature; still the 
testimony comes from all parties that his courtesy, 
ability and integrity won, to a verj- unusual de- 
gree, the respect of his associates. 

In the autumn of 1832, he was elected to a 
seat in the United States Congress. He entered 
that troubled arena in the most tumultuous hours 
of our national historj', when the great conflict 
respecting the national bank and the removal of 
the depo.sits was raging. 

His term of two years closed, and he returned 
to his profession, which he pursued with increas- 
ing reputation and success. After a lapse of two 
years he again became a candidate for Congress; 
was re-elected, and took his seat in 1837. His 
past experience as a Representative gave him 
.strength and confidence. The first term of service 
in Congress to any man can be but little more 
than an introduction. He was now prepared for 
active duty. All his energies were brought to 
bear upon the public good. E\'er>' measure re- 
ceived his impress. 

Mr. Fillmore was now a man of wide repute, 
and his popularity filled the State. In the year 
1847, when he had attained the age of forty- 
seven 3'ears, he was elected Comptroller of the 
State. His labors at the Bar, in the Legisla- 
ture, in Congress and as Comptroller, had given 
him very considerable fame. The Whigs were 
casting about to find suitable candidates for Presi- 
dent and Vice-President at the approaching elec- 
tion. Far away on the waters of the Rio Grande, 
there was a rough old soldier, who had fought 

one or two successful battles with the Mexicans, 
which had caused his name to be proclaimed in 
trampet-tones all over the land as a candidate for 
the presidency. But it was necessan,' to associate 
with him on the same ticket some man of repu- 
tation as a statesman. 

Under the influence of these considerations, the 
names of Zachan,- Taylor and Millard Fillmore 
became the ralhing-cry of the Whigs, as their 
candidates for President and \'ice-President. The 
Whig ticket was signally triumphant. On the 
4th of March, 1849, Gen. Taylor was inaugurated 
President, and Millard Fillmore Vice-President, 
of the United States. 

On the 9th of July, 1850, President Taylor, 
about one year and four months after his inaugura- 
tion, was suddenly taken sick and died. By the 
Constitution, Vice-President Fillmore thus be- 
came President. He appointed a vers- able cabi- 
net, of which the illustrious Daniel Webster was 
Secretary of State; nevertheless, he had serious 
difficulties to contend with, .since the opposition 
had a majority in both He did all in his 
power to conciliate the South; but the pro-slavery 
party in the South felt the inadequacy of all 
measures of tran.sient conciliation. The popula- 
tion of the free States was so rapidly increasing 
over that of the .slave States, that it was inevitable 
that the power of the Government should soon 
pass into the hands of the free States. The fa- 
mous compromise measures were adopted under 
Mr. Fillmore's administration, and the Japan ex- 
pedition was sent out. On the 4th of March, 
1853, he, having .served one term, retired. 

In 1856, Mr. Fillmore was nominated for the 
Presidency by the "Know-Nothing" party, but 
was beaten by Mr. Buchanan. After that Mr. 
Fillmore lived in retirement. During the terri- 
ble conflict of civil war, he was mo.stly .silent. It 
was generally supposed that his sympathies were 
rather with those who were endeavoring to over- 
throw our institutions. President Fillmore kept 
aloof from the conflict, witliout any cordial words 
of cheer to one party or the other. He was thus 
forgotten by both. He lived to a ripe old age, 
and died in Buffalo, N. Y., March 8, 1S74. 



["RANKLIN pierce, the fourteenth Presi- 
JM dent of the United States, was born in Hills- 
I ^ borough, N. H., November 23, 1804. His 
father was a Revolutionary- soldier, who with his 
own strong arm hewed out a home in the wilder- 
ness. He was a man of inflexible integrity, of 
strong, though uncultivated, mind, and was an un- 
compromising Democrat. The mother of Frank- 
lin Pierce was all that a son could desire — an in- 
telligent, prudent, affectionate, Chri.stian woman. 

Franklin, who was the sixth of eight children, 
was a remarkably bright and handsome boy, 
generous, warm-hearted and brave. He won 
alike the love of old and young. The boys on 
the play-ground loved him. His teachers loved 
him. The neighbors looked upon him with pride 
and affection. He was by instinct a gentleman, 
always speaking kind words, and doing kind 
deeds, with a peculiar, unstudied tact which 
taught him what was agreeable. Without de- 
veloping any precocity of genius, or any unnatural 
devotion to books, he was a good scholar, and in 
body and mind a finely developed boy. 

When sixteen years of age, in the year 1820, 
he entered Bowdoin College, at Brunswick, Me. 
He was one of the most popular young men in 
the college. The purity of his moral character, 
the unvarying courtesy of his demeanor, his rank 
as a scholar, and genial nature, rendered him a 
universal favorite. There was something pe- 
culiarly winning in his address, and it was evi- 
dently not in the slightest degree studied — it was 
the simple outgu.shing of his own magnanimous 
and loving nature. 

Upon graduating, in the year 1824, Franklin 
Pierce commenced the study of law in the office 
of Judge Woodbury, one of the most distinguished 

lawyers of the State, and a man of great private 
worth. The eminent social qualities of the young 
lawyer, his father'.s prominence as a public man, 
and the brilliant political career into which Judge 
Woodbury was entering, all tended to entice Mr. 
Pierce into the fa.scinating yet perilous path of 
political life. With all the ardor of his nature he 
espoused the cause of Gen. Jackson for the Presi- 
dency. He commenced the practice of law in 
Hillsborough, and was soon elected to represent 
the town in the State Legislature. Here he 
served for four years. The last two years he was 
chosen Speaker of the House by a very large 

In 1833, at the age of twenty-nine, he was 
elected a member of Congress. In 1837, being 
then but thirty-three years old, he was elected to 
the Senate, taking his seat just as Mr. Van Buren 
commenced his administration. He was the 
youngest member in the Senate. In the year 
1834, he married Miss Jane Means Appleton, a 
lady of rare beauty and accomplishments, and one 
admirably fitted to adorn every station with which 
her hu.sband was honored. Of the three sons who 
were born to them, all now sleep with their par- 
ents in the grave. 

In the year 1838, Mr. Pierce, with growing 
fame and increasing business as a lawyer, took up 
his residence in Concord, the capital of New 
Hampshire. President Polk, upon his accession 
to office, appointed Mr. Pierce Attorney-General 
of the United States; but the offer was declined 
in consequence of numerous professional engage- 
ments at home, and the precarious state of Mrs. 
Pierce's health. He also, about the same time, 
declined the nomination for Governor by the 
Democratic party. The war with Mexico called 



Mr. Pierce into the armj-. Receiving the appoint- 
ment of Brigadier-General, he embarked with a 
portion of his troops at Newport, R. I., on the 
27th of May, 1847. He took an important part 
in this war, proving himself a brave and true sol- 

When Gen. Pierce reached his home in his na- 
tive State, he was received entlui.siastically by the 
advocates of the Mexican War, and coldly by his 
opponents. He resumed the practice of his pro- 
fession, very freqnentl\' taking an active part in 
political questions, giving his cordial support to 
the pro-slavery wing of the Democratic party. 
The compromise measures met cordially with his 
approval, and he .streiniously advocated the en- 
forcement of the infamous Fugitive Slave Law, 
which so shocked the religious sensibilities of the 
North. He thus became distinguished as a 
' ' Northern man with Southern principles. ' ' The 
strong partisans of slavery in the South conse- 
quently regarded him as a man whom they could 
safely trust in office to carry out their plans. 

On the 12th of June, 1852, the Democratic con- 
vention met in Baltimore to nominate a candidate 
for the Presidency. For four days they contin- 
ued in .session, and in thirty-five ballotings no one 
had obtained a two-thirds vote. Not a vote thus 
far had been thrown for Gen. Pierce. Then the 
Virginia delegation brought forward his name. 
There were fourteen more ballotings, during which 
Gen. Pierce constantly gained strength, until, at 
the forty-ninth ballot, he received two hundred 
and eighty-two votes, and all other candidates 
eleven. Gen. Winfield Scott was the Whig can- 
didate. Gen. Pierce was chosen with great una- 
nimity. Only four States — Vermont, Massachu- 
setts, Kentucky and Tennessee — their elec- 
toral votes him. Gen. Franklin Pierce 
was therefore inaugurated President of the United 
States on the 4th of March, 1853. 

His administration proved one of the most 
stormy our country had ever experienced. The 
controversy between slavery and freedom was 
then approaching its culminating point. It be- 
came evident that there was to be an irrepressible 
conflict between them, and that this nation 
could not long exist " half slave and half free." 

President Pierce, during the whole of his admin- 
istration, did every thing he could to conciliate the 
South; but it was all in vain. The conflict every 
year grew more violent, and threats of the disso- 
lution of the Union were borne to the North on 
every Southern breeze. 

Such was the condition of affairs when Presi- 
dent Pierce approached the of his four- 
years term of office. The North had become 
thoroughly alienated from him. The anti-.slavery 
sentiment, goaded by great outrages, had been 
rapidly increasing; all the intellectual ability and 
.social worth of President Pierce were forgotten in 
deep reprehension of his administrative acts. The 
slaveholders of the South also, unmindful of the 
fidelity with which he had advocated meas- 
ures of Government which they approved, and 
perhaps feeling that he had rendered himself 
so unpopular as no longer to be able to accepta- 
bly serve them, ungratefully dropped him, and 
nominated James Buchanan to succeed him. 

On the 4th of March, 1857, President Pierce re- 
turned to his home in Concord. His three chil- 
dren were all dead, his last surviving child hav- 
ing been killed before his eyes in a railroad acci- 
dent; and his wife, one of the most estimable and 
accomplished of ladies, was rapidly sinking in 
consumption. The hour of dreadful gloom soon 
came, and he was left alone in the world without 
wife or child. 

When the terrible Rebellion burst forth which 
divided our country into two parties, and two 
only, Mr. Pierce remained steadfast in the prin- 
ciples which he had always cherished, and gave 
his sympathies to that pro-slaverj- party with 
which he had ever been allied. He declined to 
do anything, either by voice or pen, to strengthen 
the hand of the National Government. He con- 
tinued to reside in Concord until the time of his 
death, which occurred in October, 1869. He was 
one of the most genial and social of men, an hon- 
ored communicant of the Episcopal Church, and 
one of the kindest of neighbors. Generous to a 
fault, he contributed liberally toward the allevia- 
tion of suffering and want, and many of his 
towns-people were often gladdened by his material 



(Tames BUCHANAN, the fifteenth President 
I of the United States, was born in a small 
(2/ frontier town, at the foot of the eastern ridge 
of the Alleghanies, in Franklin County, Pa., on 
the 23d of April, 1791. The place where the 
humble cabin home stood was called Ston}- Bat- 
ter. His father was a native of the north of Ire- 
land, who had emigrated in 1783, with little prop- 
erty save his own strong arms. Five years after- 
ward he married Elizabeth Spear, the daughter 
of a respectable farmer, and, with his young bride, 
plunged into the wilderness, staked his claim, 
reared his log hut, opened a clearing with his 
axe, and settled down there to perform his obscure 
part in the drama of life. When James was eight 
years of age, his father removed to the village of 
Mercersburg, where his son was placed at school, 
and commenced a course of study in English, 
Eatin and Greek. His progress was rapid, and 
at the age of fourteen he entered Dickinson Col- 
lege, at Carlisle. Here he developed remarkable 
talent, and took his stand among the first scholars 
in the institution. 

In the year 1809, he graduated with the high- 
est honors of his class. He was then eighteen 
years of age; tall and graceful, vigorous in health, 
fond of athletic sports, an unerring shot, and en- 
livened with an exuberant flow of animal spirits. 
He immediately commenced the .study of law in 
the city of Lancaster, and was admitted to the 
Bar in 181 2, when he was but twenty -one years 
of age. 

In 1820, he reluctantly consented to run as a 
candidate for Congress. He was elected, and for 
ten years he remained a member of the Eovver 
House. During the vacations of Congress, he 

occasionally tried some important case. In 1831 
he retired altogether from the toils of his profes- 
sion, having acquired an ample fortune. 

Gen. Jack-son, upon his elevation to the Presi- 
dency, appointed Mr. Buchanan Minister to Rus- 
sia. The duties of his mission he performed 
with ability, and gave satisfaction to all parties. 
Upon his return, in 1833, he was elected to a seat 
in the United States Senate. He there met as 
his associates Webster, Clay, Wright and Cal- 
houn. He advocated the measures proposed bj- 
President Jackson, of making reprisals against 
France to enforce the payment of our claims 
against that country, and defended the course of 
the President in his unprecedented and wholesale 
removal from office of those who were not the 
supporters of his administration. Upon this 
question he was brought into direct collision with 
Henry Clay. He also, with \oice and vote, ad- 
vocated expunging from the journal of the Senate 
the vote of censure against Gen. Jackson for re- 
moving the deposits. Earnestly he opposed the 
abolition of slaverj' in the District of Columbia, 
and urged the prohibition of the circulation of 
anti-slavery documents by the United .States 
mails. As to petitions on the .subject of .slavery, 
he advocated that they should be re.spectfully re- 
ceived, and that the reply should l)e returned 
that Congress had no power to legi.slate upon the 
subject. " Congress," said he, "might as well 
undertake to interfere with slaver\- under a for- 
eign government as in any of the vStates where it 
now exi.sts. ' ' 

Upon Mr. Polk's accession to the Presidency, 
Mr. Buchanan became Secretary of State, and a? 
such took his share of the respousibilitj- in the 



conduct of the Mexican War. Mr. Polk assumed 
that cro.ssing the Nueces by the American 
troops into the disputed territory was not wrong, 
but for the Mexicans to the Rio Grande 
into Texas was a declaration of war. No candid 
man can read with pleasure the account of the our Govennnent pursued in that movement. 

Mr. Buchanan identified himself thoroughly 
with the part}' devoted to the perpetuation and 
extension of slavery, and brought all the energies 
of his mind to bear against the Wilmot Proviso. 
He gave his cordial approval to the compromise 
measures of 1850, which included the Fugitive 
vSlave L,aw. Mr. Pierce, upon his election to the 
Presidency, honored Mr. Buchanan with the mis- 
sion to England. 

In the year 1856, a national Democratic Con- 
vention nominated Mr. Buchanan for the Presi- 
dency. The political conflict was one of the most 
severe in which our country has ever engaged. 
All the friends of slavery were on one side; all 
the advocates of its restriction and final abolition 
on the other. Mr. Fremont, the candidate of the 
enemies of slavery, received one hundred and 
fourteen electoral votes. Mr. Buchanan received 
one hundred and seventy-four, and was elected. 
The popular vote stood 1,340,618 for Fremont, 
1,224,750 for Buchanan. On March 4, 1857, 
the latter was inaugurated. 

Mr. Buchanan was far advanced in life. Only 
four years were wanting to fill up his three-score 
years and ten. His own friends, those with 
whom he had been allied in political principles 
and action for j'ears, were .seeking the destruc- 
tion of the Government, that they might rear 
upon the ruins of our free institutions a nation corner-stone .should be human .slavery. In 
this emergency, Mr. Buchanan was hoiDele.ssly 
bewildered. He could not, with his long-avowed 
principles, consistently oppose the vState Rights 
party in their a.ssumptions. As President of the 
United .States, bound by his oath faithfully to 
administer the laws, lie cdnld not, williont per- 
jury of tlie grossest kind, unite with those en- 
deavoring to overthrow the Republic. He there- 
fore did nnthing. 

The opponents of Mr. Buchanan's administra- 

tion nominated Abraham Lincoln as their .stand- 
ard-bearer in the next Presidential canvass. 
The pro-slavery party declared that if he were 
elected and the control of the Government were 
thus taken from their hands, thej' would .secede 
from the Union, taking with them as they retired 
the National Capitol at Washington and the 
lion's share of the territory of the United States. 

As the storm increa.sed in violence, the slave- 
holders claiming the right to .secede, and Mr. 
Buchanan avowing that Congress had no power 
to prevent it, one of the pitiable exhibitions 
of governmental imbecility was exhibited that the 
world has ever seen. He declared that Congress 
had no power to enforce its laws in any State 
which had withdrawn, or which was attempting 
to withdraw, from the Union. This was not the 
doctrine of Andrew Jackson, when, with his hand 
upon his sword-hilt, he exclaimed: "The Union 
must and shall be preserved!" 

South Carolina seceded in December, i860, 
nearly three months before the inauguration of 
President Uincoln. Mr. Buchanan looked on in 
listless despair. The rebel flag was raised in 
Charleston; Ft. vSuuiter was besieged; our forts, 
navy-yards and arsenals were .seized; our depots 
of military stores were plundered, and our cus- 
tom-houses and post-offices were appropriated by 
the rebels. 

The energy of the rebels and the nnbecility of 
our Executive were alike marvelous. The na- 
tion looked on in agony, waiting for the .slow 
weeks to glide away and close the administration, 
so terrible in its weakness. At length the long- 
looked-for hour of deliverance came, when Abra- 
ham I.,incoln was to receive the .scepter. 

The administration of President Buchanan was 
certainly the most calamitous our country has ex- 
perienced. His best friends can not recall it with 
pleasure. And still more deplorable it is for his 
fame, that in th:it dreadful conflict which rolled 
its billows of flame and blood over our whole 
land, no WH)ril came from his lips to indicate his 
wish that our country's banner .should triumph 
over the flag of the Rebellion. He died at his 
Wheatland retreat, June i, 1868. 



(pi BRAHAM LINCOIvN, the sixteenth Presi- 
ll dent of the United States, was born in Hardin 
/ I County, K)-., February 12, 1809. Alwut 
theyeariySo, a man by the name of Abraham 
Lincohi left Virginia with his family and moved 
into the then wilds of Kentucky. Onlj' two j-ears 
after this emigration, and while .still a joung man, 
he was working one day in a field, when an Indian 
stealthily approached and killed him. His widow 
was left in extreme poverty with five little chil- 
dren, three boys and two girls. Thomas, the 
youngest of the boys, and the father of President 
Abraham Lincoln, was four years of age at his 
father's death. 

When twenty-eight j-ears old, Thomas Lincoln 
built a log cabin, and married Nanc\' Hanks, the 
daughter of another family of poor Kentucky 
emigrants, who had also come from Virginia. 
Their second child was Abraham Lincoln, the sub- 
ject of this sketch. The mother of Abraham was 
a noble woman, gentle, loving, pensive, created 
to adorn a palace, but doomed to toil and pine, and 
die in a hovel. " All that I am, or hope to be," 
exclaimed the grateful son, " I owe to my angel- 
mother." When he was eight years ot age, his 
father sold his cabin and small farm and moved 
to Indiana, where two years later his mother died. 
As the years rolled on, the lot of this lowly 
family was the usual lot of humanity. There 
were joys and griefs, weddings and funerals. 
Abraham's sister Sarah, to whom he was tenderly 
attached, was married when a child of but four- 
teen years of age, and soon died. The family 
was gradually .scattered, and Thomas Lincoln 
sold out his squatter's claim in 1830, and emi- 
grated to Macon Count}^ 111. 

Abraham Lincoln was then twenty -one years 
of age. With vigorous hands he aided his father 
in rearing another log cabin, and worked quite 
diligently at this until he saw the family com- 
fortably .settled, and their small lot of enclosed 
prairie planted with corn, when he announced to 

his father his intention to leave home, and to go 
out into the world and seek his fortune. Little 
did he or his friends imagine how brilliant that 
fortune was to be. He saw the value of educa- 
tion and was intensely earnest to improve his 
mind to the utnuxst of his jjower. Religion he 
re\-ered. His morals were pure, and he w'as un- 
contaminated by a single vice. 

Young Abraham worked for a time as a hired 
laborer among the farmers. Then he went to 
Springfield, where he was employed in building 
a large flat-boat. In this he took a herd of swine, 
floated them down the .Sangamon to Illinois, and 
thence by the Mississippi to New Orleans. What- 
ever Abraham Lincoln undertook, he performed 
so faithfully as to give great satisfaction to his 
employers. In this adventure the latter w'ere 
so well pleased, that u])i>n his return they placed 
a .store and mill under his care. 

In 1832, at the outbreak of the Black Hawk 
War, he enlisted and was chosen Captain of a 
company. He returned to Sangamon County, 
and, although only twenty-three years of age, was 
a candidate for the Legislature, but was defeated. 
He soon after received from Andrew Jackson the 
appointment of Po.stmastcr of New Salem. His 
only post-office was his hat. All the letters he 
received he carried there, read\- to deliver to those 
he chanced to meet. He studied sune\ing, and 
.soon made this his In 1834 he again 
became a candidate for the Legislature and was 
elected. Mr. Stuart, of Springfield, advi.sed liim 
to .study law. He walked from New Salem to 
Springfield, l)orrowed of Mr. Stuart a load of 
books, carried them back, and began his legal 
studies. When the Legislature as.sembled, he 
trudged on foot with his pack on his back one 
hundred miles to V^ndalia, then the capital. In 
1836 he was re-elected to the Legislature. Here 
it was he first met Stephen A. Douglas. In 1839 
he removed to Springfield and began the practice 
of law. His .success with the jurj- was so great 



that he was soon engaged in ahnost every noted 
case in the circuit. 

In 1854 the great discussion began between Mr. 
Lincoln and Mr. Douglas on tlie slavery ques- 
tion. In the organization of the Republican party 
in Illinois, in ICS56, he took an active part, and at 
once became one of the leaders in that party. 
Mr. Lincoln's .speeches in opposition to Senator 
Douglas in the contest in 1858 for a seat in the 
Senate, fonn a most notable part of his history. 
The issue was on the slavery question, and he 
took the broad ground of the Declaration of In- 
dependence, that all men are created equal. Mr. 
Lincoln was defeated in this contest, but won a 
far higher prize. 

The great Republican Convention met at Chi- 
cago on the 1 6th of June, i860. The delegates 
and strangers who crowded the city amounted to 
twenty-five thousand. An immense building 
called "The Wigwam," was reared to accommo- 
date the convention. There were eleven candi- 
dates for whom votes were thrown. William H. 
Seward, a man whose fame as a statesman had 
long filled the land, was the prominent. It 
was generally supposed he would be the nomi- 
nee. Abraham Lincoln, however, received the 
nomination on the third ballot. 

Election day came, and Mr. Lincoln received 
one hundred and eighty electoral votes out of two 
hundred and three cast, and was, therefore, con- 
stitutionally elected President of the United States. 
The tirade of abuse that was poured upon this 
good and merciful man, especially by the .slave- 
holders, was greater than upon any other man , 
ever elected to this high position. In February, 
1861, Mr. Lincoln started for Washington, stop- 
ping in all the large cities on his way, making 
speeches. The whole journey was fraught with 
much danger. Many of the vSouthern States had 
already seceded, and several attempts at assassi- 
nation were afterward brought to light. A gang 
in Baltimore had arranged upon liis arrival to 
"get up a row," and in the confusion to make 
sure of his death with revolvers and hand-gren- 
ades. A detective luiravelled tlie plot. A secret 
and special train was provided to take him from 
Harri.sburg, through Baltimore, at an unexpected 

hour of the night. The tram started at half-past 
ten, and to prevent any po.ssible communication 
on the part of the Secessionists with their Con- 
federate gang in Baltimore, as .soon as the train 
had .started the telegraph-wires were cut. Mr. 
Lincoln reached Washington in safety and was 
inaugurated, although great anxiety was felt by 
all loyal people. 

In the selection of his cabinet Mr. Lincoln gave 
to Mr. Seward the Department of State, and to 
other prominent opponents before tlie convention 
he gave important positions; but during no other 
administration had the duties devol\-ing upon tlie 
President been .so manifold, and the responsibilities 
.so great, as which fell to his lot. Knowing 
this, and feeling his own weakness and inability 
to meet, and in his own strength to cope with, 
the difficulties, he learned early to seek Divine 
wisdom and guidance in determining his plans, 
and Divine comfort in all his trials, both personal 
and national. Contrary to his own estimate of 
himself, Mr. Lincoln was one of the most cour- 
ageous of men. He went directly into the rebel 
capital just as the retreating foe was leaving, with 
no guard but a few sailors. From the time he 
had left Springfield, in iS6r, however, plans had 
been made for his assassination, and he at last 
fell a victim to one of them. April 14, 1S65, he, 
with Gen. Grant, was urgently invited to attend 
Ford's Theatre. It was announced that they 
would be present. Gen. Grant, however, left the 
city. President Lincoln, feeling, with his char- 
acteristic kindliness of heart, that it would be a 
disappointment if he should fail them, very re- 
luctantly con.sented to go. While listening to 
the play, an actor by the name of John Wilkes 
Booth entered the box where the President and 
family were seated, and fired a bullet into his 
brain. He died the next morning at seven 

Never before in the history of the world was 
a nation plunged into such deep grief by the death 
of its ruler Strong men met in the streets and 
wept in speechless anguish. His was a life which 
will fitly become a model. His name as the 
Savior of his country will live with that of Wash- 
ington's, its Father. 



Gl NDREW JOHNSON, seventeenth President 
O of the United States. The early life of An- 
/ I drew Johnson contains but the record of pov- 
erty , destitution and friendlessness. He was born 
December 29, 1808, in Raleigh, N. C. His par- 
ents, belonging to the class of "poor whites" 
of the South, were in such circumstances that they 
could not confer even the slightest advantages of 
education upon their child. When Andrew was 
five years of age, his father accidentally lost his 
life, while heroicallj' endeavoring to save a friend 
from drowning. Until ten j-ears of age, Andrew 
was a ragged boy about the streets, supported by 
the labor of his mother, who obtained her living 
with her own hands. 

He then, having never attended a school one 
day, and being unable either to reader write, was 
apprenticed to a tailor in his native town. A gen- 
tleman was in the habit of going to the tailor's 
shop occasionall}-, and reading to the boys at 
work there. He often read from the speeches of 
distinguished British statesmen. Andrew, who 
was endowed with a mind of more than ordinarj' 
ability, became much interested in these speeches; 
his ambition was roused, and he was inspired with 
a strong desire to learn to read. 

He accordinglj- applied himself to the alphabet, 
and with the assistance of some of his fellow- 
workmen learned his letters. He then called upon 
the gentleman to borrow the book of speeches. 
The owner, plea.sedwith his zeal, not only gave 
him the book, but assisted him in learning to com- 
bine the letters into words. Under such difficul- 
ties he pressed onward laboriouslj-, spending usu- 
ally ten or twelve hours at work in the shop, and 
then robbing himself of and recreation to de- 
vote such time as he could to reading. 

He went to Tennessee in 1826, and located at 

Greenville, where he married a young lady who 
possessed some education. Under her instructions 
he learned to write and cipher. He became 
prominent in the village debating society, and a 
favorite with the students of Greenville College. 
In 1828, he organized a working man's party, 
which elected him Alderman, and in 1830 elected 
him Mayor, which position he held three years. 

He now began to take a lively interest in 
political affairs, identifying himself with the work- 
ing-class, to which he belonged. In 1835, ^^ 
was elected a member of the House of Represent- 
atives of Tennessee. He was then just twenty- 
seven years of age. He became a very active 
member of the Legislature, gave his support to 
the Democratic party, and in 1840 "stumped the 
State," advocating Martin Van Buren's claims to 
the Presidency, in opposition to those of Gen. 
Harrison. In this campaign he acquired much 
readiness as a speaker, and extended and increased 
his reputation. 

In 1841, he was elected State Senator; in 1843, 
he was elected a Member of Congress, and by suc- 
cessive elections held that important post for ten 
years. In 1853, he was elected Governor of Tenn- 
essee, and was re-elected in 1855. I" all these 
responsible positions, he discharged his duties 
with distinguished ability, and proved himself the 
warm friend of the working classes. In 1857, Mr. 
John.son was elected United States Senator. 

Years before, in 1845, he had warmly ad\-ocated 
the annexation of Texas, stating, however, as his 
reason, that he thought this annexation would 
probably pro\-e "to be the gateway out of which 
the sable sons of Africa are to pass from bondage 
to freedom, and become merged in a population 
congenial to themselves." In 1850, he also sup- 
ported the compromise measures, the two essen- 



tial features of which were, that the white people 
of tlie Territories should be permitted to decide 
for themselves whether they would enslave the 
colored people or not, and that the free States of 
the North should return to the South persons who 
attempted to escape frotu slaverj\ 

Mr. Johnson was never ashamed of his lowly 
origin: on the contrary, he often took pride in 
avowing that he owed his distinction to his own 
exertions. "Sir," said he on the floor of the 
Senate, "I do not forget that I am a mechanic; 
neither do I forget that Adam was a tailor and 
sewed fig-leaves, and that our Savior was the son 
of a carpenter. ' ' 

In the Charleston-Baltimore convention of i860, 
he was the choice of the Tennessee Democrats for 
the Presidency. In 1861, when the of 
the Southern Democracy became apparent, he took 
a decided stand in favor of the Union, and held 
that ".slavery must be held subordinate to the 
Union at whatever cost." He returned to Tenn- 
essee, and repeatedly imperiled his own life to 
protect the Unionists of that State. Tennessee 
having seceded from the Union, President Lincoln, 
on March 4, 1862, appointed him Military Gov- 
ernor of the State, and he estabUshed the most 
stringent military rule. His numerous proclama- 
tions attracted wide attention. In 1864, he was 
elected Vice-President of the United States, and 
upon the death of Mr. Lincoln, April 15, 1865, 
became President. In a speech two days later he 
.said, "The American people must be taught, if 
they do not already feel, that treason is a crime 
and must be puni,shed; that the Goveriunent will 
not always bear with its enemies; that it is strong 
not only to protect, but to punish. * * The 
people must understand that it (treason) is the 
blackest of crimes, and will surely be punished. ' ' 
Yet his whole administration, the hi.story of which 
is so well known, was in utter inconsistency with, 
and in the most violent opposition to, the princi- 
ples laid down in that speech. 

In his loose policy of reconstruction and general 
amnesty, he was opposed by Congress, and he 
characterized Congress as a new rebellion, and 
lawlessly defied it in everything ]50.ssible to the ut- 
most. In the beginning of 1868, on account of 

"High crimes and misdemeanors," the principal 
of which was the remo\al of Secretary Stanton in 
violation of the Tenure of OfSce Act, articles of 
impeachment were preferred against him, and the 
trial began March 23. 

It was very tedious, continuing for nearly three 
months. A test article of the impeachment was 
at length submitted to the court for its action. It 
was certain that as the court voted upon that ar- 
ticle so would it vote upon all. Thirty-four voices 
pronounced the President guilty. As a two-thirds 
vote was necessary to his condemnation, he was 
pronounced acquitted, notwithstanding the great 
majority him. The change of one vote 
from the not guilty side would have sustained the 

The President, for the remainder of his term, 
was but little regarded. He continued, though 
impotently, his conflict with Congress. His own 
party did not think it expedient to renominate 
him for the Presidencj-. The Nation rallied with 
enthusiasm, unparalleled since the days of Wash- 
ington, around the name of Gen. Grant. Andrew 
Johnson was forgotten. The bullet of the assa.ssin 
introduced him to the President's chair. Not- 
withstanding this, never was there presented to a 
man a better opportunity to immortalize his name, 
and to win the gratitude of a nation. He failed 
utterly. He retired to his home in Greenville, 
Teini., taking no very activ-epart in politics until 
1875. On January 26, after an exciting struggle, 
he was chosen b)' the Legislature of Tennessee 
United States Senator in the Forty -fourth Congess, 
and took his seat in that body, at the special ses- 
sion convened by President Grant, en the 5th of 
March. On the 27th of July, 1875, the ex-Presi- 
dent made a visit to his daughter's home, near 
Carter Station, Tenn. When he started on his 
journey, he was apparently in his usual vigorous 
health, but on reaching the residence of his child 
the following da}', he was .stricken with paralysis, 
which rendered him unconscious. He rallied oc- 
casionally, but finally passed away at 2 a. m., 
July 31, aged sixty-seven years. His funeral was 
held at Greenville, on the 3d of August, with 
every demonstration of respect. 



HLYSSES S. GRANT, the eighteenth Presi- 
dent of the United States, was born on the 
29th of April, 1822, of Christian parents, in 
a humble home at Point Pleasant, on the banks 
of the Ohio. Shortly after, his father moved to 
Georgetown, Brown County, Ohio. In this re- 
mote frontier hamlet, Ulysses received a common- 
school education. At the age of seventeen, in 
the year 1S39, he entered the Military Academy 
at West Point. Here he was regarded as a solid, 
sensible young man, of fair ability, and of sturdy, 
honest character. He took respectable rank as a 
scholar. In June, 1843, he graduated about the 
middle in his class, and was sent as Lieutenant of 
Infantry to one of the di.stant military posts in the 
Missouri Territory. Two years he passed in these 
drearj^ solitudes, watching the vagabond Indians. 

The war with Mexico came. Lieiit. Grant was 
sent with his regiment to Corpus Christi. His 
first battle was at Palo Alto. There was no 
chance here for the exhibition of either skill or 
heroism, nor at Resaca de la Palma, his second 
battle. At the battle of Monterey, his third en- 
gagement, it is said that he performed a signal 
service of daring and skillful horsemanship. 

At the close of the Mexican War, Capt. Grant 
returned with his regiment to New York, and 
was again sent to one of the militan,- posts on the 
frontier. The discover*' of gold in California 
causing an immense tide of emigration to flow to 
the Pacific shores, Capt. Grant was sent with a 
battalion to Ft. Dallas, in Oregon, for the protec- 
tion of the interests of the immigrants. But life 
was wearisome in those wilds, and he re3igned 
his commission and returned to the States. Hav- 
ing married, he entered upon the cultivation of a 
small farm near St. Louis, Mo., but having little 

skill as a farmer, and finding his toil not re- 
munerative, he turned to mercantile life, entering 
into the leather business, with a younger brother 
at Galena, 111. This was in the year i860. As 
the tidings of the rebels firing on Ft. Sumter 
reached the ears of Capt. Grant in his counting- 
room, he said : ' ' Uncle Sam has educated me 
for the army; though I have .served him through 
one war, I do not feel that I have yet repaid the 
debt. I am still ready to discharge my obliga- 
tions. I shall therefore buckle on m>- sword and 
see Uncle Sam through this war too." 

He went into the streets, raised a company of 
volunteers, and led them as their Captain to 
Springfield, the capital of the State, where their 
services were offered to- Gov. Yates. The Gov- 
ernor, impressed by the zeal and straightforward 
executive abilit)' of Capt. Grant, gave him a desk 
in his office to assist in the volunteer organiza- 
tion that was being formed in the State in behalf 
of the Government. On the 15th of June, 1861, 
Capt. Grant received a commission as Colonel of 
the Twenty-first Regiment of Illinois Volunteers. 
His merits as a West Point graduate, who had 
served for fifteen years in the regular army, were 
such that he was soon promoted to the rank of 
Brigadier-General, and was placed in command at 
Cairo. The rebels raised their banner at Padu- 
cah, near the mouth of the Tennessee River. 
Scarceh- had its folds appeared in the breeze ere 
Gen. Grant was there. The rebels fled, their 
banner fell, and the vStars and Stripes were un- 
furled in its .stead. 

He entered the service with great determina- 
tion and immediate!}' began active duty. This 
was the beginning, and until the surrender of 
L,ee at Richmond he was ever pushing the enemy 



with great vigor and effectiveness. At Belmont, 
a few days later, he surprised and routed the 
rebels, then at Ft. Henry won another victory. 
Then came the brilliant fight at Ft. Donelson. 
The nation was electrified by the victory, and the 
brave leader of the boys in blue was immediately 
made a Major-General, and the military district 
of Tennessee was assigned to him. 

Like all great captains, Gen. Grant knew well 
how to secure the results of victory. He imme- 
diately pushed on to the enemies' lines. Then 
came the terrible battles of Pittsburg Landing, 
Corinth, and the siege of Vicksburg, where Gen. 
Pemberton made an unconditional surrender of 
the city with over thirty thousand men and one 
hundred and seventy-two cannon. The fall of 
Vicksburg was by far the most severe blow which 
the rebels had thus far encountered, and opened 
up the Mi.s.sissippi from Cairo to the Gulf. 

Gen. Grant was next ordered to co-operate with 
Gen. Banks in a movement upon Texas, and pro- 
ceeded to New Orleans, where he was thrown 
from his horse, and received severe injuries, from 
which he was laid up for months. He then 
rushed to the aid of Gens. Rosecrans and Thomas 
at Chattanooga, and by a wonderful series of 
strategic and technical measures put the Union 
army in fighting condition. Then followed the 
bloody battles at Chattanooga, Lookout Moun- 
tain and Missionarv' Ridge, in which the rebels 
were routed with great loss. This won for him 
unbounded praise in the North. On the 4th of 
February, i<S64, Congress revived the grade of 
lieutenant-general, and the rank was conferred 
on Gen. Grant. He repaired to Washington to 
receive his credentials and enter upon the duties 
of his new office. 

Gen. Grant decided as soon as he took charge 
of the arm)' to concentrate the widely-dispersed 
National troops for an attack upon Richmond, 
the nominal capital of the rebellion, and endeavor 
there to destroy the rebel armies which would be 
promptly assembled from all quarters for its de- 
fense. The whole continent seemed to tremble 
under the tramp of these majestic armies, rushing 
to the decisive battle-field. Steamers were crowd- 
ed with troops. Railway trains were burdened 

with closely-packed thousands. His plans were 
comprehensive, and involved a series of cam- 
paigns, which were executed with remarkable 
energy and ability, and were consummated at the 
surrender of Lee, April 9, 1865. 

The war was ended. The Union was saved. 
The almost unanimous voice of the nation de- 
clared Gen. Grant to be the most prominent in- 
strument in its salvation. The eminent ser\-ices 
he had thus rendered the country brought him 
conspicuously forward as the Republican candi- 
date for the Presidential chair. 

At the Republican Convention held at Chicago, 
May 21, 1 868, he was unanimously nominated 
for the Presidency, and at the autumn election 
received a majority of the popular vote, and two 
hundred and fourteen out of two hundred and 
ninety-four electoral votes. 

The National Convention of the Republican 
party, which met at Philadelphia on the 5th 01 
June, 1872, placed Gen. Grant in nomination for 
a second term by a unanimous vote. The selec- 
tion was emphatically indorsed by the people five 
months later, two hundred and ninety-two elect- 
oral votes being cast for him. 

Soon after the close of his second term, Gen. 
Grant started upon his famous trip around the 
world. He visited almost everj- countrj' of the 
civilized world, and was everywhere received 
with such ovations and demonstrations of respect 
and honor, private as well as public and official, 
as were never before bestowed upon any citizen 
of the United States. 

He was the most prominent candidate before 
the Republican National Convention in 1880 for 
a renomination for President. He went to New 
York and embarked in the brokerage business 
under the firm name of Grant & Ward. The 
latter proved a villain, wrecked Grant's fortune, 
and for larceny was sent to the penitentiary. 
The General was attacked with cancer in the 
throat, but .suffered in his .stoic-like manner, never 
complaining. He was re-instated as General of 
the Army, and retired by Congress. The cancer 
soon finished its deadly work, and July 23, 1885, 
the nation went in mourning over the death ot 
the illustrious General. 

kr'i'ii]':Ki'()Ri) li. iiAVi'S 


RUTHERFORD B. HAYES, the nineteenth ' 
President of the United States, was born in 
Delaware, Ohio, October 4, 1822, almost 
three months after the death of his father, Ruther- 
ford Hayes. His ancestry on both the paternal and 
maternal sides was of the most honorable char- 
acter. It can be traced, it is said, as far back as 
1280, when Hayes and Rutherford were two 
Scottish chieftains, fighting side by side with 
Baliol, William Wallace and Robert Bruce. Both 
families belonged to the nobility, owned extensive 
estates, and had a large following. Misfortune 
overtaking the family, George Hayes left Scotland 
in 1680, and settled in Windsor, Conn. His .son 
George was born in Windsor, and remained there 
during his life. Daniel Hayes, son of the latter, 
married Sarah I,ee, and lived from the time of 
his marriage until his death in Simsbury, Conn. 
Ezekiel, son of Daniel, was born in 1724, and was 
a manufacturer of scythes at Bradford, Conn. 
Rutherford Hayes, son of Ezekiel and grandfather 
of President Hayes, was born in New Haven, in, 1756. He was a farmer, blacksmith and 
tavern-keeper. He emigrated to Vermont at an 
unknown date, settling in Brattleboro, where he 
established a hotel. Here his son, Rutherford 
Hayes, the father of President Hayes, was born. 
He was married, in September, 1813, to Sophia 
Birchard, of Wilmington, Vt., whose ancestors 
emigrated thither from Connecticut, they having 
been among the wealthiest and best families of 
Norwich. Her ancestr\' on the male .side is 
traced back to 1635, to John Birchard, one of the 
principal founders of Norwich. Both of her grand- 
fathers were soldiers in the Revolutionary War. 

The father of President Hayes was an industri- 
ous, frugal, yet open-hearted man. He was of a 

mechanical turn of mind, and could mend a plow, 
knit a stocking, or do almost anything else that 
he chose to undertake. He was a member of the 
church, active in all the benevolent enterprises 
of the town, and conducted his business on Chris- 
tian principles. After the close of the War of 
1812, for reasons inexplicable to his neighbors, he 
resolved to emigrate to Ohio. 

The journey from Vermont to Ohio in that day, 
when there were no canals, steamers, or rail- 
ways, was a very serious affair. A tour of in- 
spection was first made, occupying four months. 
Mr. Hayes decided to mo\-e to Delaware, where 
the family arrived in 181 7. He died July 22, 
1822, a victim of malarial fever, less than three 
months before the birth of the son of whom we 
write. Mrs. Hayes, in her sore bereavement, 
found the support she so much needed in her 
brother Sardis, who had been a member of the 
household from the day of its departure from 
Vermont, and in an orphan girl, whom she had 
adopted some time before as an act of charity. 

Rutherford was seven ^-ears old before he went 
to school. His education, however, was not neg- 
lected. He probably learned as much from his 
mother and sister as he would have done at 
school. His sports were almost wholly within 
doors, his playmates being his sister and her asso- 
ciates. These circumstances tended, no doubt, to 
foster that gentleness of disposition and that del- 
icate consideration for the feelings of others which 
were marked traits of his character. 

His uncle, Sardis Birchard, took the deepest 
interest in his education; and as the boy's health 
had improved, and he was making good progress 
in his studies, he proposed to send him to college. 
His preparation commenced with a tutor at home; 



but he was aftenvards sent for one jear to a pro- 
fessor in the \Vesk-\an I'liiversity in Middletown, 
Conn. He entered Kenyon College in 1838, at 
the age ofsi.vteen, and was graduated at the head 
of liis class in 1842. 

Immediately after his graduation he began the 
study of law in the office of Thomas Sparrow, 
Esq., in Columbus. Finding his opportunities 
for study in Columbus somewhat limited, he de- 
termined to enter the Law School at Cambridge, 
Mass. , where he remained two years. 

In 1845, after graduating at the Law School, he 
was admitted to the Bar at Marietta, Ohio, and 
shortly afterward went into practice as an at- 
torney-at-la\v with Ralph P. Buckland, of Fre- 
mont. Here he remained three years, acquiring 
but a limited practice, and apparently unambitious 
of distinction in his profession. 

In 1849 he moved to Cinciiuiati, where his am- 
bition found a new stimulus. For several years, 
however, his progress was slow. Two events 
occurring at this period had a powerful influence 
upon his subsequent life. One of these was his 
marriage with Miss Lucy Ware Webb, daughter 
of Dr. James Webb, of Chillicothe; the other was 
his introduction to the Cincinnati T^iterary Club, 
a body embracing among its members such men 
as Chief Justice Salmon P. Chase, Gen. John 
Pope, Gov. Edward F. Noyes, and many others 
hardly less distinguished in afterlife. The mar- 
riage was a fortunate one in every respect, as 
everybody knows. Not one of all the wives of 
our Presidents was more universally admired, 
reverenced and beloved than was Mrs. Hayes, and 
no one did more than she to reflect honor upon 
American womanhood. The LiteraryClub brought 
Mr. Hayes into con.stant a.ssociation with young 
men of high character and noble aims, and lured 
him to displa\- the qualities so long hidden by his 
bashfulncss and modesty. 

In 1856 he was nominated to the office of Judge 
of the Court of Connnon Pleas, but he declined to 
accept the nomination. Two years later, the of- 
fice of City Solicitor becoming vacant, the City 
Council elected him for the unexpired term. 

In 1861, when the Rebellion broke out, he was 
at the zenith of his professional life. His rank at 

the Bar was among the But the news of 
the attack on Ft. vSumter found him eager to 
take up arms for the defense of his countrj-. 

His military record was bright and illustrious. 
In October, i86i, he was made Lieutenant-Colo- 
nel, and in August, 1862, promoted Colonel of 
the Seventy-ninth Ohio Regiment, but he refused 
to leave his old comrades and go among strangers. 
Subsequently, however, he was made Colonel of 
his old regiment. At the battle of vSouth Moun- 
tain he received a wound, and while faint and 
bleeding displayed courage and fortitude that 
won admiration from all. 

Col. Hayes was detached from his regiment, 
after his recovery, to act as Brigadier-General, 
and placed in command of the celebrated Kanawha 
division, and for gallant and meritorious .services 
in the battles of Winchester, Fisher's Hill and 
Cedar Creek, he was promoted Brigadier-General. 
He was breveted Major-General, "for gallant 
and distinguished services during the campaigns 
of 1864, in West Virginia." In the course of his 
arduous ser\'ices, four horses were shot from un- 
der him, and he was wounded four times. 

In 1864, Gen. Hayes was elected to Congress 
from the Second Ohio District, which had long 
been Democratic. He was not present during the 
campaign, and after the election was importuned 
to resign his commission in the army; but he fi- 
nally declared, " I shall never come to Washing- 
ton until I can come by way of Richmond." He 
was re-elected in 1866. 

In 1867, Gen. Hayes was elected Go\ernor of 
Ohio, over Hon. Allen G. Thurman, a popular 
Democrat, and in 1869 was re-elected over George 
H. Pendleton. He was elected Governor for the 
third term in 1875. 

In 1876 he was the standard-bearer of the Re- 
publican party in the Presidential contest, and 
after a hard, long contest was chosen President, 
and was inaugurated Monday, March 5, 1877. 
He served his full term, not, however, with satis- 
faction to his party, but his administration was an 
average one. The remaining years of his life 
were passed quietly in his Ohio home, where he 
pa.s.sed away January 17, 1893. 



(Tames a. GARFIELD, twentieth President 
I of the United States, was born November 19, 
Q) 1S31, in the woods of Orange, Cuyahoga 
County, Ohio. His parents were Abram and 
Eliza ( Ballon j Garfield, both of New England 
ance.stry, and from families well known in the 
early history of that section of our countrj', but 
who had moved to the Western Reser^-e, in Ohio, 
early in its .settlement. 

The house in which James A. was born was 
not unlike the houses of poor Ohio farmers of 
that day. It was about 20 x 30 feet, built of logs, ' 
with the spaces between the logs filled with clay. 
His father was a hard-working farmer, and he 
soon had his fields cleared, an orchard planted, 
and a log barn built. The household comprised 
the father and mother and their four children, 
Mehetaliel, Thomas, Marj- and James. In May, 
1823, the father died from a cold contracted in 
helping to put out a forest fire. At this time 
James was about eighteen mouths old, and 
Thomas about ten years old. No one, perhaps, 
can tell how much James was indebted to Iris 
brother's toil and self-sacrifice during the twenty 
years succeeding his father's death. He now 
lives in Michigan, and the two sisters live in Solon, 
Ohio, near their birthplace. 

The early educational advantages young Gar- 
field enjoyed were very limited, yet he made the 
most of them. He labored at farm work for 
others, did carpenter work, chopped wood, or did 
anything that would bring in a few dolkirs to aid 
his widowed mother in her struggles to keep the 
little family together. Nor was Gen. Garfield 
ever ashamed of his origin, and he never forgot 
the friends of his struggling childhood, youth and 
manhood; neither did they ever forget him. 
When in the highest seats of honor, the humblest 
friend of his boyhood was as kindly greeted as 
ever. The poorest laborer was sure of the sym- 
pathy of one who had known all the bitterness of 

want and the sweetness of bread earned by the 
sweat of the brow. He was ever the simple, 
plain, modest gentleman. 

The highest ambition of yomig Garfield until 
he was about sixteen years old was to be cap- 
tain of a vessel on Lake Erie. He was anxious 
to go aboard a vessel, but this his mother strongly 
opposed. She finally consented to his going to 
Cleveland, with the understanding, however, that 
he should try to obtain some other kind of em- 
ployment. He walked all the way to Cleveland. 
This was his first visit to the city. After making 
many applications for work, and trj-ing to get 
aboard a lake vessel and not meeting with suc- 
cess, he engaged as a driver for his cousin, Amos 
Letcher, on the Ohio & Penns3-lvania Canal. 
He remained at this work but a short time, when 
he went home, and attended the seminary at 
Chester for about three years. He then entered 
Hiram and the Eclectic Institute, teaching a few 
terms of school in the mean time, and doing other 
work. This school was started by the Disciples 
of Christ in 1.850, of which body he was then a 
member. He became janitor and bell-ringer in 
order to help pay his way. He then became both 
teacher and pupil. Soon " exhausting Hiram," 
and needing a higher education, in the fall of 1854 
he entered Williams College, from which he grad- 
uated in 1856, taking one of the highest honors of 
his class. He afterwards returned to Hiram Col- 
lege as its President. As above stated, he early 
united with the Christian, or Disciples, Church at 
Hiram, and was ever after a devoted, zealous 
member, often preaching in its pulpit and places 
where he happened to be. 

Mr. Garfield was united in marriage, Novem- 
ber II, 1858, with Miss Lucretia Rudolph, who 
proved herself worthy as the wife of one whom 
all the world loved. To them were born seven 
children, five of whom are still living, four boys 
and one girl. 



Mr. Garfield made his first political speeches in 
1856, in Hiram and the neighboring villages, and 
three years later he began to speak at county 
mass-meetings, and became the favorite speaker 
where\'er he was. During this year he was 
elected to the Ohio Senate. He also began to 
study law at Cleveland, and in 1861 was admitted 
to the Bar. The great Rebellion broke out in the 
early part of this year, and Mr. Garfield at once 
resolved to fight as he had talked, and enlisted to 
defend the Old Flag. He received his commission 
as Lieutenant- Colonel of the Forty-second Regi- 
ment of Ohio Infoiitry August 14, 1861. He 
was immediately put into active service, and be- 
fore he had ever seen a gun fired in action, was 
placed in command of four regiments of infantr>' 
and eight companies of cavalrj-, charged with the 
work of driving out of his native State the able 
rebel oflacer, Humphrey Marshall, of Kentucky. 
This work was bravely and speedily accomplished, 
although against great odds, and President Lin- 
coln commissioned him Brigadier-General, Janu- 
ary 10, 1862; and " as he had been the youngest 
man in the Ohio Senate two years before, so now 
he was the youngest General in the army." He 
was with Gen. Buell's army at Shiloh, in its 
operations around Corinth and its march through 
Alabama. He was then detailed as a member of 
the general court martial for the trial of Gen. 
Fitz-John Porter. He was next ordered to re- 
port to Gen. Rosecrans, and was assigned to the 
" Chief of Staff. " The military history of Gen. 
Garfield closed with his brilliant services at Chick- 
amanga, where he won the rank of Major-General. 

Without an effort on his part, Gen. Garfield 
was elected to Congress in the fall of 1862, from 
the Nineteenth Di.strict of Ohio. This .section of 
Ohio had been represented in Congress for sixty 
years mainly by two men — Elisha Whittlesey and 
Joshua R. Giddings. It was not without a strug- 
gle that he resigned his place in tlie army. At 
tile time he entered Congress he was the youngest 
member in that body. There he remained by 
successive re-elections until he was elected Presi- 
dent, in 1880. Of his labors in Congress, Senator 
Hoar says: ".Since the year 1S64 you cannot 
think of a question whicli has been debated in 

Congress, or discussed before a tribunal of the 
American people, in regard to which you will not 
find, if you wish instruction, the argument on 
one side stated, in almost ever\- instance better 
than by anybody else, in some .speech made in 
the House of Representatives or on the hustings 
by Mr. Garfield." 

Upon January 14, 1880, Gen. Garfield was elect- 
ed to the United States Senate, and on the 8th of 
June, of the same year, was nominated as the 
candidate of his party for President at the great 
Chicago Convention. He was elected in the fol- 
lowing November, and on March 4, 1881, was 
inaugurated. Probably no administration ever 
opened its existence under brighter auspices than 
that of President Garfield, and every day it grew 
in favor with the people. By the ist of July 
he had completed all the initiatory and prehmi- 
nary work of his administration, and was prepar- 
ing to leave the city to meet his friends at Will- 
iams College. While on his way and at the 
depot, in company with Secretary' Blaine, a man 
stepped behind him, drew a revolver, and fired 
directly at his back. The President tottered and 
fell, and as he did so the assassin fired a second 
shot, the bullet cutting the left coat sleeve of his 
victim, but inflicting no further injnni-. It has 
been very truthfully said that this was ' ' the shot 
that was heard aroimd the world." Never before 
in the history of the nation had anything occur- 
red which so nearly froze the blood of the people 
for the moment as this awful deed. He was 
smitten on the briglitest, gladdest day of all his 
life, at the summit of his power and hope. For 
eighty days, all during the hot months of July 
and August, he lingered and suffered. He, how- 
ever, remained master of himself till the last, and 
by his magnificent bearing taught the country 
and the world one of the noblest of human les- 
sons — how to live grandly in the very clutch of 
death. Great in life, he was surpassingly great 
in death. He passed .serenely away September 
19, 1883, at Elberon, N. J., on the very bank of 
the ocean, where he had been taken shortly be- 
fore. The world wept at his death, as it rarely 
ever had done on the death of any other great 
and noble man. 



E HESTER A. ARTHUR, twenty-first Presi- 
deut of the United States, was born in Frank- 
lin County, Vt., on the 5th day of October, 
1830. and was the eldest of a family of two sons 
and five daughters. His fether was the Rev. Dr. 
William Arthur, a Baptist clergyman, who emi- 
grated to this country from County Antrim, Ire- 
land, in his eighteenth year, and died in 1875, in 
Newton ville, near Albany, after a long and suc- 
cessful ministr)\ 

Young Arthur was educated at Union College, 
Schenectady, where he excelled in all his studies. 
Alter his graduation he taught school in Ver- 
mont for two years, and at the expiration of that 
time came to New York, with $500 in his pocket, 
and entered the office of ex-Judge E. D. Culver 
as a student. After being admitted to the Bar, he 
formed a partnership with his intimate friend and 
room-mate, Henr>' D. Gardiner, with the inten- 
tion of practicing in the West, and for three 
months they roamed about in the Western States 
in search of an eligible site, but in the end, re- 
turned to New York, where they hung out their 
shingle, and entered upon a successful career al- 
most from the start. Gen. Arthur soon after mar- 
ried the daughter of Lieut. Herndon, of the 
United States Navy, who was lost at sea. Con- 
gress voted a gold medal to his widow in recog- 
nition of the bravery he displaced on that occa- 
sion. Mrs. Arthur died shortly before Mr. 
Arthur's nomination to the Vice-Presidency, leav- 
ing two children. 

Gen. Arthur obtained considerable legal celeb- 
rity in his first great case, the famous Lemmon 
suit, brought to recover possession of eight slaves 
who had been declared free by Judge Paine, of 
the Superior Court of New York City. It was in 

1S52 that Jonathan Lemmon, of Virginia, went to 
New York with his slaves, intending to ship them 
to Texas, when they were discovered and freed. 
The Judge decided that they could not be held by 
the owner under the Fugitive Slave Law. A howl 
of rage went up from the South, and the Virginia 
Legislature authorized the Attorney -General of 
that State to assist in an appeal. William M. 
Evarts and Chester A. Arthur were employed to 
represent the people, and they won their case, 
which then went to the Supreme Court of the 
United States. Charles O' Conor here espoused 
the cause of the slaveholders, but he, too, was 
beaten by Messrs. Evarts and Arthur, and a long 
step was taken toward the emancipation of the 
black race. 

Another great service was rendered by Gen. 
Arthur in the same cause in 1856. Lizzie Jen- 
nings, a respectable colored woman, was put off 
a Fourth Avenue car with violence after she had 
paid her fare. Gen. Arthur sued on her behalf, 
and secured a verdict of $500 damages. The next 
day the company issued an order to admit colored 
persons to ride on their cars, and the other car 
companies quickh- followed their example. Be- 
fore that the Sixth Avenue Company ran a few 
special cars for colored persons, and the other lines 
refused to let them ride at all. 

Gen. Arthur was a delegate to the convention 
at Saratoga that founded the Republican party. 
Previous to the war he was Judge- Advocate of 
the Second Brigade of the State of New York, 
and Gov. Morgan, of that State, appointed him 
Engineer-in-Chief of his staff. In 1861, he was 
made Inspector- General, and soon afterward be- 
came Quartermaster-General. In each of these 
offices he rendered great service to the Govern- 




ment duriiii;; the war. At the end of Gov. Mor- 
gan's temi he resumed the practice of law, form- 
ing a partnership with Mr. Ransom, and then 
Mr. Phelps, the District Attorney of New York, 
was added to the firm. The legal practice of this 
well-known firm was verj- large and lucrative, 
as each of the gentlemen composing it was an able 
lawyer, and po.ssessed a splendid local reputa- 
tion, if not, indeed, one of national extent. 

Mr. Arthur always took a leading part in State 
and city politics. He w^as appointed Collector of 
the Port of New York by President Grant, No- 
vember 21, 1872, to succeed Thomas Murphy, 
and he held the office until July 20, 1878, when 
he was 3ucceeded by Collector Merritt. 

Mr. Arthur was nominated on the Presidential 
ticket, with Gen. James A. Garfield, at the 
famous National Republican Convention held at 
Chicago in June, 1880. This was perhaps the 
greatest political convention that ever assembled 
on the continent. It was comi30.sed of the lead- 
ing politicians of the Republican party, all able 
men, and each stood firm and fought vigorously 
and with signal tenacity for his respective can- 
didate that was before the convention for the 
nomination. Finally Gen. Garfield received the 
nomination for President, and Gen. Arthur for 
Vice-President. The campaign which followed 
was one of the most animated known in the his- 
tory of our country. Gen. Hancock, the .stand- 
ard-bearer of the Democratic party, was a popular 
man, and his party made a valiant fight for his 

Finalh- the election came, and the country's 
choice was Garfield and Arthur. They were in- \ 
augurated March 4, 1S81, as President and Vice- | 
President. A few months only had passed ere 
the newly-chosen President was the victim of the 
a.ssassin's bullet. Then came terrible weeks of 
suffering — those moments of anxious .suspense, 
when the hearts of all civilized nations were 
throbbing in luiison, longing for the recovery of 
tlu" noble, the good President. The remarkable 
patience that he manifested during those hours 
and weeks, an<l even months, of the most terrible 
suffering man has ever been called upon to en- 
dure, was seemingly more than human. It was 

certainly godlike. During all this period of 
deepest anxiety Mr. Arthur's every move was 
watched, and, be it said to his credit, that his every 
action displayed only an earnest desire that the 
suffering Garfield might recover to serve the re- 
mainder of the term he had so au.spiciou.slj- be- 
gun. Not a selfish feeling was manifested in 
deed or look of this man, even though the most 
honored position in the world was at any moment 
likely to fall to him. 

At God in his mercy relieved President 
Garfield from further suffering, and the world, as 
never before in its histon,- over the death of any 
other man, wept at his bier. Then it became the 
duty of the \'ice-President to assume the respon- 
sibilities of the high office, and he took the oath 
in New York, September 20, 1881. The position 
was an embarrassing one to him, made doubly so 
from the fact that all eyes were on him, anxious 
to know what he would do, what policy he would 
pursue, and whom he would select as advisers. 
The duties of the office had been greatly neglected 
during the President's long illness, and many im- 
portant measures were to be innnediately decided 
by him ; and to still further embarass him he did 
not fail to realize under what circumstances he 
became President, and knew the feelings of many • 
on this point. Under these trying circumstances. 
President Arthur took the reins of the Govern- 
ment in his own hands, and, as embarras.sing as 
was the condition of affairs, he happily .surprised 
the nation, acting so wi.sely that but few criticized 
his administration. He ser\-ed the nation well 
and faithfully until the close of his administra- 
tion, March 4, 1885, and was a popular candidate 
before his party for a .second term. His name 
was ably presented before the convention at Chi- 
cago, and was received with great favor, and 
doubtless but for the personal poindarity of one 
of the opposing candidates, he would have been 
.selected as the standard-bearer of his party for 
another campaign. He retired to private life, car- 
rying with him the best wishes of the American 
people, whom he had .served in a manner satisfac- 
tory to them and with credit to himself One 
year later he was called to his final rest. 



/\ twenty-second President of the United States, 
\~/ was born in 1837, i'l the obscure town of 
Cald\\ell, Essex County, N. J., and in a little 
two-and-a-half-story white house, which is still 
standing to characteristicalh- mark the hiunble 
birthplace of one of America's great men, in 
striking contrast with the Old World, where all 
men high in office must be high in origin and 
born in the cradle of wealth. When the subject 
of this sketch was three years of age, his father, 
who was a Presbyterian minister with a large 
familj' and a small salarj-, moved, by way of the 
Hudson River and Erie Canal, to Fayette\ille, N. 
Y. , in search of an increased income and a larger 
field of work. Fayetteville was then the most 
straggling of country villages, about five miles 
from Pompey Hill, where Governor Seymour 
was born. 

At the last-mentioned place young Grover com- 
menced going to school in the good, old-fashioned 
way, and presumably distinguished himself after 
the manner of all village boys — in doing the 
things he ought not to do. Such is the dis- 
tinguishing trait of all geniuses and independent 
thinkers. When he arrived at the age of four- 
teen years, he had outgrown the capacity of the 
village school, and expressed a most emphatic de- 
sire to be sent to an academy. To this his fa- 
ther decidedly objected. Academies in those 
days cost money; besides, his father wanted him 
to become self-supporting by the quickest pos- 
sible means, and this at that time in Fayetteville 
seemed to be a position in a country- store, where 
his father and the large family on his hands had 

considerable influence. Grover was to be paid 
$50 for his sen-ices the first j-ear, and if he proved 
trustworthy he was to receive $100 the second 
year. Here the lad commenced his career as 
salesman, and in two years he had earned so good 
a reputation for trustworthiness that his employ- 
ers desired to retain him for an indefinite length 
of time. 

But instead of remaining with this firm in 
Fayetteville, he went with the family in their re- 
moval to Clinton, where he had an opportunit}- 
of attending a High School. Here he industri- 
ously pursued his studies until the family re- 
moved with him to a point on Black River known 
as the "Holland Patent," a village of five or six 
hundred people, fifteen miles north of Utica, N. Y. 
At this place his father died, after preaching but 
three Sundays. This event broke up the family, 
and Grover set out for New York City to accept, 
at a small salary, the position of under-teacher 
in an asylum for the blind. He taught faithfully 
for two years, and although he obtained a good 
reputation in this capacity, he concluded that 
teaching was not his calling in life, and, revers- 
ing the traditional order, he left the city to seek 
his fortune, instead of going to the city. He first 
thought of Cleveland, Ohio, as there was some 
charm in that name for him ; but before proceed- 
ing to that place he went to Buffalo to ask advice 
of his uncle, Lewis F. Allan, a noted stock- 
breeder of that place. The latter did not speak 
enthusiastically. "What is it you want to do, 
my bo}'?" he asked. "Well, sir, I want to stud}- 
law," was the reply "Good gracious!" remarked 
the old gentleman; "do you, indeed? Whatever 



put that into your head ? How much money 
have you got?" "Well, sir, to tell the truth, I 
haven't got any." 

After a long consultation, his uncle offered him 
a place temj)orarily as assistant herd-keeper, at 
$50 a year, while he could look around. One 
day soon afterward he boldly walked into the of- 
fice of Rogers, Bowen & Rogers, of Buffalo, and 
told them what he wanted. A number of young 
men were already engaged in the office, but Gro- 
ver's persistency won, and he was finally per- 
mitted to come as an office boy and have the use 
of the law librar>-, receiving as wages the sum of 
^3 or $4 a week. Out of tliis he had to pay for hi.s 
board and washing. The walk to and from his 
uncle's was a long and rugged one; and although 
the first winter was a memorabl>- .severe one, his 
shoes were out of repair, and as for his overcoat he 
had none; yet he was, nevertheless, prompt and 
regular. On the first day of his service there, his 
senior emplojer threw down a cop\- of Black- 
stone before him, with a bang that made the dust 
fly, saying "That's where they all begin." A 
titter ran around the little circle of clerks and 
students, as they thought that was enough to 
.scare young Grover out of his plans; but in due 
time he mastered that cumbersome volume. 
Then, as ever afterward, however, Mr. Cleve- 
land exhibited a talent for executiveness rather 
than for chasing principles through all their 
metaphysical possibilities. "Let us quit talking 
and go and do it," was practically his motto. 

The first public office to which Mr. Cleveland 
was elected was that of Sheriff of Erie County, 
N. Y., in which Buffalo is situated; and in such 
capacity it fell to his duty to inflict capital punish- 
ment upon two criminals. In 1881 he was 
elected Mayor of the City of Buffalo, on the 
Democratic ticket, with especial reference to bring- 
ing alumt certain reforms in the administration 
of the municipal affairs of that city. In this of- 
fice, as well a.s in that of .Sheriff, his performance 
of duty has generally been considered fair, with 
jKjssibly a few exceiHions, which were ferreted 
out and magnified during his Presidential cam- 
paign. As a specimen of his plain language in 
a veto iiRss.i'.'c we (|M()Ic from one vetoing an 

iniquitous street-cleaning contract: "This is a 
time for plain speech, and my objection to your 
action shall be plainly stated. I regard it as the 
culmination of a most bare-faced, impudent and 
shameless scheme to betray the interests of the 
people and to worse than .squander the people's 
money." The New York Sun afterward verj' 
highly commended Mr. Cleveland's administra- 
tion as Mayor of Buffalo, and thereupon recom- 
mended him for Governor of the Empire State. 
To the latter office he was elected in 1882, and 
his administration of the affairs of State was 
generally .satisfactory. The mistakes he made, 
if any, were made very public throughout the na- 
tion after he was nominated for President of the 
United States. For this high office he was 
nominated Jul\- 11, 18S4, by the National Demo- 
cratic Convention at Chicago, when other com- 
petitors were Thomas F. Bayard, Roswell P. 
Flower, Thomas A. Hendricks, Benjamin F. 
Butler, Allen G. Thumian, etc.; and he was 
elected by the people, by a majority of about a 
thousand, over the brilliant and long-tried Re- 
publican .statesman, James G. Blaine. President 
Cleveland resigned his office as Governor of New- 
York in January, 1885, in order to prepare for 
his duties as the Chief Executive of the United 
States, in which capacity his term commenced at 
noon on the 4th of March, 1885. 

The silver question precipitated a controversy 
between those who were in favor of the continu- 
ance of silver coinage and those who were op- 
posed, Mr. Cleveland answering for the latter, 
even before his inauguration. 

On Juno 2. 1886, President Cleveland married 
Frances, daughter of his deceased friend and part- 
ner, Oscar Folsom, of the Buffalo Bar. In the 
campaign of 1888, President Cleveland was re- 
nominated by his party, but the Republican candi- 
date, Gen. Benjamin Harrison, was victorious. 
In the nomination of 1892 two candidates 
for the highest position in the gift of the people 
were again pitted each other, and in the 
ensuing election President Cleveland was victori- 
ous by an overwhelming majority. Since the 
close of his second term, he has resided in Prince- 
ton, N. J. 



BENJAMIN HARRISON, the twenty-third 
President, is the descendant of one of the 
historical families of this countr)-. The first 
known head of the family was Maj.-Gen. Harrison, 
one of Oliver Cromwell's trusted followers and 
fighters. In the zenith of Cromwell's power it be- 
came the duty of this Harrison to participate in 
the trial of Charles I., and afterward to sign the 
death warrant of the king. He subsequently 
paid for this, with his life, being hung October 13, 
1660. His descendants came to America, and 
the next of the family that appears in history is 
Benjamin Harrison, of Virginia, great-grandfa- 
ther of the subject of this sketch, and after whom 
he was named. Benjamin Harrison was a mem- 
ber of the Continental Congress during the years 
1774, 1775 and 1776, and was one of the original 
signers of the Declaration of Independence. He 
was three times elected Governor of Virginia. 

Gen. William Henry Harrison, the son of the 
distinguished patriot of the Revolution, after a 
successful career as a soldier during the War of 
1812, and with a clean record as Governor of the 
Northwestern Territory-, was elected President of 
the United States in 1840. His career was cut 
short by death within one month after his in- 

President Harrison was born at North Bend, 

Hamilton County, Ohio, August 20, 1833. His 
life up to the time of his graduation from Miami 
University, at Oxford, Ohio, was the tuieventful 
one of a country lad of a family of small means. 
His father was able to give him a good education, 
and nothing more. He became engaged while at 
college to the daughter of Dr. Scott, Principal of 
a female school at Oxford. After graduating, he 
determined to enter upon the study of law. He 
went to Cincinnati and there read law for two 
years. At the expiration of that time young Har- 
rison received the only inheritance of his life — his 
aunt, dying, left him a lot valued at $800. He 
regarded this legacy as a fortune, and decided to 
get married at once, take this money and go to 
some Eastern town and begin the practice of law. 
He sold his lot, and, with the money in his pocket, 
he started out with his young wife to fight for a 
place in the world. He decided to go to Indian- 
apolis, which was even at that time a town of 
promise. He met with slight encouragement at 
first, making scarcely anything the first year. 
He worked diligently, applying himself closely to 
his calling, built up an extensive practice and 
took a leading rank in the legal profession. 

In i860, Mr. Harrison was nominated for the 
po,sition of Supreme Court Reporter, and then be- 
gan his experience as a stump speaker. He can- 



vassed the State thoroughly, and was elected by 
a handsome majority. In 1862 he raised the 
Seventeenth Indiana Infantry, and was chosen its 
Colonel. His retjiment was composed of the raw- 
est material, but Col. Harrison employed all his 
time at first in mastering military tactics and drill- 
ing his men, and when he came to move toward 
the East with Sherman, his regiment was one of 
the Ix-st drilled and organized in the army. At 
Resuca he especially distinguished himself, and 
for his braver>' at Peach tree Creek he was made 
a Brigadier-General, Gen. Hooker speaking of 
him in the most complimentary terms. 

During the absence of Gen. Harrison in the 
field, the Supreme Court declared the office of 
Supreme Court Reporter vacant, and another 
person was elected to the position. From the 
time of leaving Indiana with his regiment until 
the fall of 1.S64 he had taken no leave of absence, 
but having been nominated that year for the .same 
office, he got a thirty-day leave of absence, and 
during that time made a brilliant canvass of the 
State, and was elected for another term. He then 
started to rejoin Sherman, but on the waj- was 
stricken down with .scarlet fever, and after a most 
trying attack made his way to the front in time to 
participate in the closing incidents of the war. 

In 1868 Gen. Harrison declined a re-election 
as Reporter, and resumed the practice of law. In 
1876 he was a candidate for Governor. Although 
defeated, the brilliant campaign he made won for 
him a national reputation, and he was much .sought 
after, especially in the East, to make speeches. 
In 1880, as usual, he took an active pari in the 
campaign, and was elected to the United States 
Senate. Here he served for six years, and was 
known as one of the ablest men, best lawyers and 
strongest debaters in that body. With the ex- 
piration of his senatorial term he returned to the 
practice of his profession, becoming the licad of 
one of the .strongest firms in the .State. 

The ixjlitical cam|):iign of 1S8.S was one of the 
most memorable in the history of our country. 
Tile convention which assembled in Cliicago in 
Jinie and named Mr. Harrison as the chief stand- 
ard-liearer of llic Republican party was great in 
every particular, and on this account, and the at- 

titude it assumed upon the vital questions of the 
day, chief among which was the tariff, awoke a 
deep interest in the campaign throughout the 
nation. Shortly after the nomination, delegations 
began to visit Mr. Harrison at Indianapolis, his 
home. This movement became popular, and from 
all sections of the country societies, clubs and 
delegations journeyed thither to pay their re- 
spects to the distinguished statesman. 

Mr. Harri.son spoke daily all through the sum- 
mer and autunm to these visiting delegations, 
and so varied, masterly, and eloquent were his 
speeches that they at once placed him in the fore- 
most rank of American orators and statesmen. 
Elected by a handsome majority, he ser\-ed his 
country faithfully and well, and in 1892 was nom- 
inated for re-election; but the people demanded a 
change and he was defeated by his predecessor 
in office, Grover Cleveland. 

On account of his eloquence as a speaker and 
his power as a debater, Geu. Harrison was called 
upon at an early age to take part in the dis- 
cussion of the great questions that then began to 
agitate the country. He was an uncompromising 
anti-slavery man, and was matched against some 
of the most eminent Democratic speakers of his 
State. No man who felt the touch of his blade 
desired to 1)e pitted 'with him again. With all 
his eloquence as an orator he never spoke for ora- 
torical effect, but his words always went like bul- 
lets to the mark. He is purely American in his 
ideas, and is a splendid type of the American 
statesman. Gifted with quick perception, a logi- 
cal ininil and a ready tongue, he is one of the 
most distinguished impromptu speakers in the 
nation. Many of these .speeches sparkled with the 
rarest eloquence and contained arguments of great 
weight, and many of his tense statements have 
already become aphorisms. Original in thought, 
precise in logic, tense in statement, yet withal 
faultless in elociuence, he is recognized as the 
sound statesman and brilliant orator of the day. 
By his wife, Caroline (vScott) Harrison, he 
had a .son and daughter. In 1896 he married 
Mrs. Mary (Scott) Dimmick, and they, with their 
daughter, reside in Indianapolis, Ind., where he 
has made his home since earl\- manhood. 


YGKK ', 



- -1 ^ w Y I 



pGjlLLIAM McKINLEY, who was inaugu- 

\ A / rated President of the United Statesin 1897, 
V V was born in Niles, Ohio, January 29, 1843. 
The family of which he is a member originated 
in the west of Scotland, and from there removed 
to the north of Ireland. According to the fam- 
ily tradition, James and William McKinley emi- 
grated to this country from Ireland and founded 
the two branches of the family in the United 
States, one settling in the north, the other in the 
south. At the time of their arrival, James was 
twelve years of age. He settled in York County, 
Pa., where he married and spent his remaining 

David, son of James, and the great-grandfather 
of William McKinley, was born May 16, 1755, 
and three times enlisted in the .service of the 
colonies during the Revolutionary War, serving 
seven months after his first enlistment in June, 
1776, spending six months at the front in 1777, 
and again in the following year serving eight 
months. December 19, 1780, he married Sarah 
Gray, who was born May 10, 1760, and died 
October 6, 18 14. For fifteen years he lived in 
Westmoreland County, Pa., and thence removed 
to Mercer County. One year after the death 
of his first wife he married Eleanor McLean 
and about the same time settled in Colum- 
biana County, Ohio, but afterward made his home 
in Crawford County, where he died August 8, 

James, grandfather of William McKinley, was 
born September 19, 1783, married Mary (or 
"Polly" ) Rose, and with his family moved to New 
Lisbon, Ohio, in 1809. Their eldest son, Will- 
iam, Sr. , was born in Mercer County, Pa., 
November 15, 1807, and in 1827 married 
Nancy Allison, a woman of noble and strong 
character and consistent Christian life. For some 
years he was engaged as manager of iron fur- 
naces at different places. From Niles he re- 

moved to Poland, because of the educational ad- 
vantages offered by Poland Academy. In 1869 
he established his home in Canton, and here he 
died November 24, 1892. His widow lives at 
the family residence in Canton, and with her are 
her daughter, Miss Helen, and two orphan 

Of the family of nine children, William, Jr., who 
was seventh in order of birth, was born during 
the residence of his parents at Niles, Ohio, Jan- 
uary 29, 1843. His boyhood years were spent 
in that place and Poland, where he studied in the 
academy. At the age of seventeen he entered 
Allegheny College, but illness caused his return 
to Poland, and on his recovery he did not return 
to college, Init taught a country school. At the 
opening of the Civil War, though only eighteen 
years of age, he immediately wanted to enlist. 
As soon as he could overcome the objections of 
his mother, he enlisted, in May of 1861, as a 
private in Company E, Twenty-third Ohio In- 
fantry-. The regiment was commanded by Col. 
W. S. Rosecrans, who afterward, as general, led 
his forces on many a bloody battle field, and the 
first major was Rutherford B. Hayes, afterward 
President of the United States. As a gallant 
soldier Mr. McKinley soon won promotion, serving 
for a time as commissary sergeant, later was pro- 
moted to the rank of .second lieutenant for gal- 
lantry at Antietam, and then won his way up- 
ward until, at the close of the war, he was pro- 
moted to major by brevet. July 26, 1865, after 
more than four years of hard service, he was 
mustered out with his regiment. 

With Judge Charles E. Glidden, of Mahoning 
County, Mr. McKinley began the study of law, 
which he afterward carried on in the Albany 
(N. Y.) Law School, and in 1867 was admitted 
to the bar. Beginning the practice of his pro- 
fession in Canton, he soon became prominently 
known among the able attorneys of the city. His 


WILLIAM Mckinley. 

first connection with political affairs was in 1869, 
when he waselectedprosecutingattorney of Stark 
County, antl this office he held for two years. 
In 1876 he was nominated for Congressional 
honors and was elected to the Forty-fifth Con- 
gress, afterward by successive re-elections serv- 
ing for fourteen years. In March of 1890 he in- 
inxluced the celebrated McKinley tariff bill, 
which was pas.sed and became a law. In the fol- 
lowing year, 1891, he was elected governor of 
Ohio, and two years afterward was re-elected to 
that high office, which he filled in such a manner 
as to command the respect not only of his own 
party — the Republican — but his political op- 
ponents as well. The conneclion of his name 
with the tariff bill and his prominence in the Re- 
publican party, together with his force and elo- 
quence as a speaker, brought him into national 
fame. In the campaign of 1892, for a period of 
more than three months, he traveled over a 
territory extending from New York to Nebraska, 
making speeches in the interest of the Republi- 
can platfonu. Those who heard him speak, 
whether friends or opponents of his political 
opinions, cannot but have admired his logical 
reasoning, breadth of intellect, eloquence of speech 
and modesty of demeanor. During the campaign 
of 1S94 he made three hundred and seventy-one 
speeches and visited over three hundred towns, 
within a period of two months, addressing perhaps 
two million people. 

The tariff issue and all the intricate que.stions 
of public revenue that are interwoven with it, 
constitute the most complicated problems with 
which a statesman has to deal. To master them 
in every detail requires an intellect of the high- 
est order. That Major McKinley thoroughly un- 
(ler.staiuls these questions is admitted by all who 
have investigated his official utterances on the 
subject, beginning with the speech on the Wood 
tariff l)ill, delivered in the house of representatives 
April 15, 1878, and closing with liis speech in 
favor of the tariff bill of 1890, which as chairman 
ofthew.iys and means conuniltee he reported to 
the house and which was subsequently passed and 
is known throughout the world as the McKinley 
tariff bill of 189^0. He opposed the Wood Inll be- of a conviction that the proposed measure 

would, if enacted, prove a public calamity. For 
the same reason, in 1882, he advocated a friendly 
revision of the tariff by a tariff commission, to be 
authorized by congress and appointed by the 
president. In 1884 he opposed the Morrison 
horizontal bill, which he denounced as ambiguous 
for ?. great public statute, and in 1888 he led the 
forces in the fight against the Mills tariff bill. 

As governor of Ohio, his policy was conserva- 
tive. He aimed to give to the public institutions 
the benefit of the service of the best man of the 
state, and at all times upheld the legitimate rights 
of the workingmen. Recognizing the fact that 
the problem of taxation needed regulation, in 
his messages of 1892, 1893 and 1894, he urged 
the legislature that a remedy be applied. In 
1892 he recommended legislation for the safety 
and comfort of steam railroad employes, and the 
following j-ear urged the furnishing of automatic 
couplers and air-brakes for all railroad cars used 
in the state. 

When, in 1896, the Republican party, in con- 
vention assembled at St. Louis, selected a man to 
represent their principles in the highest office 
within the gift of the American people, it was not 
a surprise to the public that the choice fell upon 
Major McKinley. The campaign that followed 
was one of the most exciting in the history of 
the country since the period of reconstruction. 
Especial interest centered in the fact that the 
point at i-ssue seemed, not, as in former days, 
free trade or protection, but whetlier or not the 
government should declare for the free coinage of 
silver. This question divided the voters of the 
countrj-upon somewhat different lines than theold- 
time principles of the Republican and Democratic 
parties and thus made the campaign a memorable 
one. The supporters of the gold standard main- 
tained that silver monometallism would precipi- 
tate a panic and permanently injure the business 
interests of the country, and the people, by a 
large majority, supported these principles. 

January 25, 1871, Major McKinley was united 
in marriage with Miss Ida Saxton, who was born 
in June, 1847, the daughter of James A. Saxton. 
Their two children died in 1874, within a short 
time of each other, one at the age of three years 
and the other in infancy. 




HE time has arrived when it becomes the duty of the people of this county to perpetuate the 
names of their pioneers, to furnish a record of their early settlement, and relate the story of 
their progress. The civilization of our day, the enlightenment of the age, and the duty that 
men of the present time owe to their ancestors, to themselves and to their posterity, demand that a 
record of their lives and deeds should be made. In biographical history is found a power to instruct 
man by precedent, to enliven the mental faculties, and to waft down the river of time a safe 
vessel in which the names and actions of the people who contributed to raise this country from its 
primitive state may be preserved. Surely and rapidly the great and aged men, who in their prime 
entered the wilderness and claimed the virgin soil as their heritage, are passing to their graves. 
The number remaining who can relate the incidents of the first days of settlement is becoming small 
indeed, so that an actual necessity exists for the collection and preservation of events without delay, 
before all the early settlers are cut.dovvn by the scythe of Time. 

To be forgotten has been the great dread of mankind from remotest ages. All will be forgotten 
soon enough, in spite of their best works and the most earnest efforts of their friends to preserve the 
memory of their lives. The means employed to prevent oblivion and to perpetuate their memory 
have been in proportion to the amount of intelligence they possessed. The pyramids of Egypt were 
built to perpetuate the names and deeds of their great rulers. The exhumations made by the 
archaeologists of Egypt from buried Memphis indicate a desire of those people to perpetuate the 
memory of their achievements. The erection of the great obelisks was for the same purpose. 
Coming down to a later period, we find the Greeks and Romans erecting mausoleums and 
monuments, and carving out statues to chronicle their great achievements and carry them down the 
ages. It is also evident that the Mound-builders, in piling up their great mounds of earth, had but 
this idea — to leave something to show that they had lived. All these works, though many of them 
costly in the extreme, give but a faint idea of the lives and character of those whose memory they 
were intended to perpetuate, and scarcely anything of the masses of the people that then lived. The 
great pyramids and some of the obelisks remain objects only of curiosity; the mau.soleums, 
monuments and statues are crumbling into dust. 

It was left to modern ages to establish an intelligent, undecaying, immutable method of 
perpetuating a full history — immutable in that it is almost unlimited in extent and perpetual in its 
action; and this is through the art of printing. 

To the present generation, however, we are indebted for the introduction of the admirable 
system of local biography. By this system every man, though he has not achieved what the world 
calls greatness, has the means to perpetuate his life, his history^ through the coming ages. 

The scythe of Time cuts down all; nothing of the physical man is left. The monument which 
his children or friends may erect to his memory in the cemetery will crumble into dust and pass 
away; but his life, his achievements, the work he has accomplished, which otherwise would be 
forgotten, is perpetuated by a record of this kind. 

To preserve the lineaments of our companions we engrave their portraits; for the same reason 
we collect the attainable facts of their history. Nor do we think it necessary, as we speak only 
truth of them, to wait until they are dead, or until those who know them are gone; to do this we 
are ashamed only to publish to the world the history of those whose lives are unworthy of public 




JAMES BLAIR, president of the Scranton 
Savings Bank, is well known as one of the 
foremost business men of this city, one 
who has for years thoroughly identified himself 
with the best interests of the east, his far-reacli- 
ing enterprise, aptitude for affairs and broad 
public spirit being potent in extending its rail- 
road interests and enlarging its commerce. The 
bank, which he organized in 1867, and of which 
he has since been president and the principal 
stockholder, has over $1,100,000 on deposit, with 
large capital and surplus. Notwithstanding the 
fact that he has had more than seventy years of 
active business life, he is still as keen in decision, 
as energetic in action, as in the days gone by, 
and his large interests receive careful attention 
on his part. 

The Blair family was founded in America by 
John Blair, grandfather of James, and of Scotch 
birth, who, crossing the Atlantic in the latter part 
of the eighteenth century, settled in Warren 
County, N. J. He married an American lady of 
English parentage, and among their children 
was James, Sr., born in New Jersey, a farmer by 
occupation, and in politics first a Federalist and 
then a Whig. His death occurred when he was 
forty-eight years of age. He married Rachael 
Insley, who was born in Northampton County, 
Pa., of Scotch descent, and died at the age of 
eighty years. Their family consisted of seven 
sons and three daughters, namely: Samuel and 
William, deceased; John I., the founder of 
Blairstown, N. J., and of the academy at that 
place; Robert, deceased; James, of this sketch; 
Jacob M., who is living retired in Knoxville, 
Tenn. ; Mary, Catherine, David B. and Elizabeth, 

Born in Sussex (now Warren; County, N. J., 
May 15, 1807, the subject of this article attended 
the district schools about one year altogether, 
and the broad information he now possesses has 
been acquired principally by self-culture. In 
1826 he embarked in the mercantile business at 
Marksboro, Warren County, N. J., where he 
built up a large trade, remaining for forty years. 
In company with his brother, John I., in 1831 he 
organized the Belvidere Bank (subsequently 
changed to a national bank), in which he was 
elected director for the sixty-sixth time in suc- 
cession in 1897, being the oldest bank director 
in the United States. His brother, John I., the 
first president and still at the head of the institu- 
tion, came in as a director in 1832. November i, 
1848, the two brothers organized the Lacka- 
wanna Iron & Coal Company, in connection with 
twenty-one others, and of these original incor- 
porators they are the sole survivors. 

With the inception of the present system of 
the Delaware, Lackawanna & Western Railroad 
Mr. Blair was identified as a stockholder and di- 
rector. The road then ran between Scranton and 
Binghamton, but later was built as far as the 
Delaware Water Gap. For years he was con- 
nected with the company as a director, and still 
retains an important interest in its properties. 
The extent of his interests in Pennsylvania led 
him, in 1865, to transfer his home to this city, 
and here he has since resided. The first street 
railway in this place, nine miles in length, he 
assisted in building, and was president and gen- 
eral manager of the People's Street Railway 
Company, which completed the road in 1868; 
also served as a director until recently. 

At the first meeting of the board of trustees of 



the Scranton Savings Bank, in 1867, Mr. Blair 
was elected president, and has since been an- 
nually re-elected. Besides the responsibilities 
connected with this position, he has been largely 
interested in railroads and has invested, both in 
the east and west, but has been so cautious and 
sagacious that he has seldom found his specula- 
tions losing ventures. Among the roads which 
he assisted in building and in which he has served 
as a director are tlie Iowa, Cedar Rapids & Mis- 
souri, Iowa Falls & Sioux City, Sioux City & 
Pacific, Fremont, Elkhorn & Missouri Valley, 
all now leased to the Northwestern system. For 
some years he was vice-president, and is still a 
large stockholder in the Dickson Alanufacturing 
Company. For twenty-five years or more he has 
been one of the heaviest stockholders in the First 
National Bank of Scranton. He has been long 
interested in the Lackawanna Iron & Coal Com- 
pany and is a director in the Lackawanna Iron & 
Steel Company. He is also a director in the 
Moses Taylor Hospital. 

From this review, it will be seen that Mr. Blair 
justly ranks among the foremost men of Scran- 
ton and this section of the country. Though ad- 
vanced in years, age has not dimmed the lustre 
of his mental vision or impaired his intellectual 
faculties. Time has dealt leniently with him, 
permitting him to enjoy the twilight of exis- 
tence in comfort, happiness and a reasonable de- 
gree of health, surrounded and ministered to by 
his children and a host of old-time friends. When 
a young man he voted the Whig ticket, and since 
the organization of the Republican party has 
been one of its stanch adherents. During the 
war he assisted in raising funds and troops for 
the Union service. His first ballot was cast for 
John Ouincy Adams in 1828, at his second nomi- 
nation, lie was the first postmaster at Marks- 
boro, N. J., and filled that position for several 
years. Since boyhood he has been identified 
with the Presbyterian Church, and has served as 
a meml^er of the board of trustees of the First 

In New Jersey, December 17, 1834, Mr. Blair 
married !\Iiss Elizabeth Locke, who was born in 
Blairstown, the daughter of a farmer, and grand- 
daughter of Captain Locke, who was killed in 

the battle of Elizabeth, while bravely fighting for 
American independence. Six children were born 
of this union, of whom jMilton Locke, formerly 
a business man of Scranton, died here in 1865; 
Austin B. is assistant cashier of the Scranton 
Savings Bank and a member of its board of trus- 
tees ; Lauretta is the wife of Col. H. A. Coursen ; 
James Seldon died in 1S86 in this city, where he 
had been a merchant; Anna is the wife of James 
A. Linen, president of the First National Bank of 
Scranton; and Charles Edward resides in this city. 
Mrs. Elizabeth Blair died in 1858. In 1864 ]\Ir. 
Blair married Mrs. Margaret (Clark) McKinney, 
who was born in New Jersey, and died in Scran- 
ton in 1872. His third marriage was to Mrs. 
Alice (Green) Rogers, a native of New Jersey, 
but at the time of her marriage a resident of 
Springfield, Ohio; she died in 1886. 

Mr. Blair is a man of wide experience, a keen 
observer of men and affairs, with a mind broad- 
ened by travel and contact with the world, and 
possessing business acumen in a rare degree. 
He has not only watched with pleasure the de- 
velopment of this city, his chosen home, with 
which his personal interests are so closely bound, 
but he has also witnessed with pride the won- 
derful growth of these United States in the course 
of the nineteenth century, and has assisted there- 
in by his active connection with the develop- 
ment of railroads. His long and useful life en- 
titles him to the regard of all who cherish an af- 
fection for the honest and the true, and will cause 
his name to be remembered long after he shall 
have gone hence. 

ROLLIN MANVILLE. The death of a 
good man is always a deep sorrow. A 
man who has been a leader in his com- 
nnuiily, who possesses all the qualities of noble 
manhood and who has labored through the 
years of his active life for the welfare of his fel- 
lowmen and the prosperity of his town, may well 
be accounted a citizen whose death is a public 
loss. The life of Rollin Manville, who passed 
away June 24, 1891, forcibly illustrates the truth 
of this principle. He was a man whose every im- 
pulse was honest, whose conscience was his 



guide, who met all the responsibilities of life with 
courage, whose mind was clear and comprehen- 
sive, and who had a wealth of culture that gave 
him intimate conmiunion with the best thought 
of the world. His ability was recognized by the 
Delaware &: Hudson Company, whom he repre- 
sented for many years as superintendent of the 
Pennsylvania Division. 

Born in Whitehall, N. Y., November 6, 1824, 
the son of Amos Manville, the subject of this 
article in early life chose the occupation of a civil 
engineer, and in July of 1847 entered the rail- 
road service as rodman on the construction of 
the Saratoga & Washington Railroad. Two years 
later he was appointed division engineer of the 
New York &l Harlem Railroad. His first work 
in Pennsylvania began in 1853, when he was em- 
|)loyed to survey and make plans for a railroad 
from Wilkesbarre to the Delaware River at 
Water Gap. The survey was made during the 
summer, but after the plans were prepared the 
project was abandoned. In September of the 
same year he returned to New York and was 
appointed construction engineer of the Flushing 
& Hunter's Point Railroad, which was com- 
]ileted in June, 1855. In January of the follow- 
ing year he entered the service of the Delaware 
& Hudson Canal Company as assistant superin- 
tendent, taking the entire charge of the Gravity 
Railroad from Waymart to Honesdale, including 
the coal pockets and canal docks and the whole 
plant pertaining to the shipment of coal by boat. 

During 1856, under the direction of Mr. Man- 
ville, the system of transferring coal from cars 
to boats Vv-as subjected to many changes and the 
cost of shipment was materially lessened under 
his new method, while the landing of canal boats 
was also made comparatively easy. The im- 
provements under his direction at Honesdale 
were in line with the changes contemplated in 
the entire Gravity system, and when the work of 
constructing the present system was commenced 
in April, 1857, he was placed in charge as con- 
struction engineer. Nowhere in the world has 
the skillful engineer accomplished so economic- 
ally such a feat in railroad building as the system 
of inclines constructed by Mr. Manville, by which 
millions of tons of anthracite coal have been 

transported from the Lackawanna Valley over 
the Moosic range into the valleys formed of the 
tributaries of the Delaware Valley. Under his 
administration the valley road was constructed 
and the Union Coal Company's lines purchased. 

With all the time and labor devoted to the in- 
terests of the company, which he so faithfully 
and ably served, Mr. Manville found time to look 
after the interests of the army of men, whose 
service in the various departments of the railroad 
he considered quite as essential to the success of 
the corporation as the responsible places held by 
the managers. In all his relations with the men, 
he was uniformly courteous and his decisions 
were fair. Having grown up with the great cor- 
poration, he was not only familiar with the du- 
ties of the humblest employe, but he retained for 
the working men the kind feeling engendered by 
the belief that men, in whatever station of life, are 
of one family and entitled to all the privileges 
that free and equal birth secure. Few men en- 
joyed the confidence of so many wage earners 
as did he. With all the responsibilities resting 
upon him, he was never known to pass one of his 
men without a kind greeting. His great heart 
was readily touched by the appeal of the needy 
and his hand was never withheld when the claim 
of the helpless was presented to him. It was 
largely due to his liberal views and that of the 
corporation he represented, that the working 
men of Carbcndale own such comfortable homes, 
for ever}' man is sure of a life position if he at- 
tends to the duties of his place. 

A stanch advocate of home protection, Mr. 
Manville looked carefully to the improvements 
of his home town and took great interest in the 
building up of Carbondale. Every worthy en- 
terprise received his support. He was the lead- 
ing factor in the organization of the free hospital 
for the care of injured miners and railroad men, 
and did much to put it on a solid foundation, 
serving as president of the board of trustees from 
the time of organization until his death. He was 
also president of the Carbondale Gas Company, 
the Crystal Lake Water Company, and interested 
in many other local enterprises. His home was 
in Carbondale from 1864, when he was promoted 
to the position of superintendent of the road, 



until his death. In rohgious belief he was a 
member of Trinity Episcopal Church and a lead- 
ing worker in its behalf, being warden and ves- 
tryman for more than twenty-five years. His 
wife, two sons, C. Rollin and Willis A., and a 
daughter, Florence (Mrs. David Zielev, Jr.), sur- 
vive him. 

C. Rollin Manville was born in Honesdale, 
Pa., January 13, 1858, graduated as a civil engi- 
neer from Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute of 
Troy, N. Y., June 16, 1880, and in the same 
year entered the service of the Delaware & Hud- 
son Railroad as assistant engineer of the Penn- 
sylvania Division, filling that position until 
March, 1883. From that time until November, 
1885, he served as engineer of the same road, 
and afterward, until July, 1891, was assistant 
superintendent. On the death of his father, he 
was promoted to the position of superintendent, 
which responsible position his experience and 
ability qualify him to fill. His brother, W. A., 
is also connected with the road as its representa- 
tive at Wilkesbarre, Pa. 

JOHN NEALON. Ireland has from among 
her citizens given to the world many of its 
best men. Whether we study her history 
or watch the careers of her children at home and 
abroad, — their heroism when with the "Iron 
Duke" at Waterloo, their bravery amid the hard- 
ships of the early settlement of the United States 
or their patriotic devotion to our country, we 
will give her credit for the manly character of her 

Among the representatives of that nationality 
in Carbondale is John Nealon, postmaster of the 
city and the oldest living male born here. His 
father, Patrick Nealon, who was a native of 
County Mayo, in the west of Ireland, came to 
yVmerica in 1829 and settled in Carbondale. Just 
])rior to his emigration he married liridget Bar- 
rett, a native of the same place as himself. Com- 
ing here without means, he was employed in the 
coal mines and saved a sulTicient amount to en- 
able him, a few years later, to take his wife and 
son on a trip to his native land. Some ten years 
later he again visited the old country. On these 

two trips a son and daughter were born, namely: 
Martin, who was killed in the mines at Carbon- 
dale when about fifteen years of age; and Cath- 
erine, widow of the late Barnard McTighe, and 
a resident of this city. In 1856, 1857 and 1858 
the father was proprietor of an old-styled tavern 
Here, but afterward lived retired on his farm, in 
the enjoyment of a good property, accumulated 
largely through the business ability of his wife. 
He died in July, i860, and in the same month, 
twenty years later, his widow passed away. 

Though he had but little schooling, our sub- 
ject was naturally bright, with a business turn 
of mind, and so became well informed. In boy- 
hood for a short time he drove a mule on the 
tow path, and at fourteen became a clerk in the 
store of Patrick Kanney. When his brother was 
killed he was working in the mines, but after that 
catastrophe he never returned there. For eight- 
een months he was employed as clerk in the dry- 
goods store of Anthony Grady, after which, hav- 
ing persuaded his father to loan him all his ready 
money, $425, he embarked in the grocery busi- 
ness, and was so successful that at the end of five 
years he had cleared $6,000. In 1858 he oper- 
ated a brewery in connection with his store and 
made as much as $10,000 in a year, but during 
the depression and strikes in the mines in the 
'70's, he lost about $40,000 by giving credit to 
the unemployed. In 1877 he retired from the 

In municipal affairs Mr. Nealon has filled 
some important offices. In 1854 he was elected 
city treasurer and held the position for two terms. 
For four years he was a member of the city 
council. In 1875 he was chosen mayor, in which 
capacity he served for two terms. He was a dele- 
gate to the Democratic national convention in 
1876 and voted for Samuel J. Tilden from first tc 
last. For two terms he held the office of city 
comptroller. September i, 1894, he was ap- 
pointed postmaster of Carbondale. Since he took 
possession of the office, the salary lias been in- 
creased $100 each year, and is now $2,300. 
Three clerks are furnished, as well as a force of 
mail carriers. The office is one of the most im- 
portant in this part of the state. Politically he 
has been a lifelong Democrat. He is a tlior- 




ough American and believes if his government 
stamped a piece of leather and said it was a dol- 
lar, it ought to pass for that in any part of the 

April 27, 1856, Mr. Nealon married Mary Mof- 
fitt, a native of Carbondale, and daughter of Pat- 
rick and Bridget (Rafter) Moffitt. They have 
been the parents of nine children. Frank, the 
eldest, was a graduate of Seaton College, 
Orange, N. J., and died when twenty-five years 
of age; Rev. William A., graduate of Alleghany 
College, was ordained to the priesthood in 1883 
and has been an assistant in the church at Car- 
bondale since 1893; John M. and James F. assist 
their father in the office, and the only daughter, 
Alida, is money order clerk. The other four 
children died when small. The surviving sons 
and daughter reside with their parents in the 
pleasant family residence in South Church Street. 

has been identified with the history of 
Scranton from a very early period of its 
settlement, and not only has he been honored as 
a physician and surgeon who has met with more 
than usual success in his chosen profession, but 
also for his excellent record as a public-spirited 
citizen, his honorable service in the army and 
his brilliancy as an author. The results of his ex- 
periences as a citizen of Scranton he has embod- 
ied in an octavo of over two hundred and fifty 
pages, entitled "A Half Century in Scranton," 
a work which proves his literary ability and forms 
a valuable addition to the historical collections 
of the city. He has also shown himself to be a 
business man of superior ability, and although he 
has been very liberal and charitable to the poor, 
and has given largely of his means and time to 
alleviate human suffering and promote the hap- 
piness of mankind, he has acquired a competency 
and is regarded as one of the wealthy citizens of 
this part of the state. 

In tracing the genealogy of the Throop family, 
we find a legend that has been handed down from 
generation to generation, to the effect that 
Adrian Scrope, one of the judges who condemn- 
ed Charles I., fled from England and landed 

in America. In order to conceal his identity and 
thus escape the punishment of Charles II., he 
changed his name to Throop. In successive 
generations there were three Congregational 
clergymen who bore the name of Benjamin 
Throop, and held pastorates in Rhode Island 
and Connecticut. The Doctor's grandfather, 
Benjamin, was major in the Fourth Connecticut 
Infantry during the Revolution, and, on recom- 
mendation of General Washington, was breveted 
colonel for meritorious conduct; his commis- 
sion, signed by John Jay in 1779 at Philadelphia, 
is now in the possession of Dr. Throop. Colonel 
Throop died in 1820, and during his latter years 
was in receipt of a pension. The Doctor's father, 
who was fifteen at the time Colonel Throop en- 
tered the army, went with him into the service 
as a fifer, and afterward was a pensioner of the 

The youngest of six sons, the subject of this 
article was born November 9, 181 1, in Oxford, 
Chenango Cotinty, N. Y., to which place his par- 
ents removed in 1800. Orphaned at the age of 
twelve by the death of his father, Dan Throop, 
he was reared by his mother, who trained him 
carefully for a life of usefulness and took the 
most affectionate interest in his welfare, until she 
passed away in 1842, aged seventy-three. In 
youth he was a student in Oxford Academy, 
among his classmates being Horatio Seymour 
and Ward Hunt. On the completion of his lit- 
erary course, he began to read medicine with 
Dr. Perez Packer, and later attended Fairfield 
Medical College, then the only medical institu- 
tion in New York. From this he graduated in 
1832 at twenty-one years. 

In February of the same year the young Doc- 
tor settled in Honesdale, Pa., then an insignifi- 
cant hamlet, with no trace of its future prosper- 
ity save its favorable position at the head waters 
of the Delaware & Hudson Canal. Notwith- 
standing the fact that he was young, inexpe- 
rienced and poor, his genial manners, upright 
life and professional knowledge soon enabled 
him to gain the confidence of the people. How- 
ever, he was not satisfied with the location, and 
in 1835 went to Oswego, N. Y., and thence less 
than a year later removed to New York City. In 



the fall of 1840 he went to Honesdale on a visit, 
and soon afterward was called to the Lacka- 
wanna \'alley in consultation. While here he 
noticed this locality offered a promising field for 
professional work and determined to make it his 
future home. Accordingly, he established him- 
self in Providence October 8, 1840. 

The people now residing in Scranton can form 
no adequate conception of the condition and ap- 
pearance of Providence over fifty years ago, nor 
of the prospects in what is now a large and flour- 
ishing city. Slocums Hollow, as it was then 
known, had recently been purchased by G. W. 
and Selden Scranton and Sanford Grant, with 
vvhom the Doctor soon became acquainted, and 
by whom, in 1847, he was induced to come to 
this place. With the consent of the owners of 
the land, he took possession of property in the 
woods, and to him belongs the honor of erecting 
the first house in Scranton proper, outside of the 
buildings owned by the Iron Company. Soon 
he became known as a skillful, capable physi- 
cian, and commanded a large practice, covering 
an extensive territory. Early investors had 
hoped to make fortunes out of the iron ore here, 
but the enterprise failed, destroying their ex- 
pectations. From the first, however, Dr. Throop 
had been convinced that the mining of coal would 
become the great industry of this locality, and 
acting on this belief, in 1855 he began to invest 
in coal lands. His property rapidly increased in 
value on account of the completion of the Dela- 
ware, Lackawanna & Western Railroad direct 
to New York, and the extension of the Delaware 
& Hudson and the Pennsylvania Coal Company 
into that section. 

Through his personal efforts Dr. Throop ob- 
tained from the legislature a charter for a gas and 
water company and for the Lackawanna Hos- 
[)ital. His real estate operations were extensive 
and inchuk'd a large lumbering business near 
Scranton, and additions to the city in Hyde Park, 
Providence and Dunmore. In addition, he laid 
out the town of Elakely and the village of Price- 
burg, and founded the town of Throop. In all 
his additions he followed the same method; farms 
were bought and divided into lots, prices were 
made reasonable and purchasers were found 

among substantial workingmen who took their 
families to the place. Under his supervision the 
Newton turnpike was completed. He introduced 
the first general supply of milk here, the first 
livery stable, first drug store, first railway pack- 
age express and assisted in securing a postofifice 
here. During the administration of President 
Pierce he served as postmaster, 1853-57. Doubt- 
less no resident of Lackawanna County was 
more active in securing its separation from Lu- 
zerne than was Dr. Throop, and his labors in 
that direction extended over a long period of 
years. He spent a portion of several winters at 
Harrisburg, and while at times the case looked 
hopeless, he never abandoned it, and at last, in 
1877, was rewarded for his efforts by the erection 
of the new county. 

A sketch of Dr. Throop would do injustice to 
him as a patriot were no mention made of his 
labors during the Civil War. When President 
Lincoln called for volunteers at the outbreak of 
the Rebellion, he was the first surgeon in old Lu- 
zerne to respond to the call and, without solici- 
tation on bis part, was commissioned surgeon of 
the Eighth Pennsylvania Infantry by his friend, 
Governor Curtin. So thorough was he in the 
enforcement of laws that the regiment did not 
lose a man by disease while absent from home. 
He was the first surgeon to establish field hos- 
pitals, opening one at Chambersburg before he 
had been a week in the service. The location 
was especially desirable, as ten thousand men 
from Pennsylvania and other states were en- 
camped there. As may be supposed, so many 
men, removed from the comforts of domestic life 
and sent into the field at an early season in the 
year, naturally furnished a great number of sick, 
and Dr. Throop, being the senior surgeon, was 
expected to provide quarters for them. He took 
possession of an abandoned hotel and of the city 
hall, placing in them cots, which he furnished 
himself, while bed clothing was sent from Scran- 
ton. Th<! Doctor had left home April 18, ex- 
pecting to spend a day and a niglit at Harris- 
burg, but it was four months before he was able 
to return home, and during all that time he was 
engaged in active duty on the field. After his 
return home he was once more sent back to the 



front to care for tlie wounded of the One Hun- 
dred and Thirty-second Pennsylvania Infantry, 
which suffered greatly at the battle of Antietain. 
and this time he served for six weeks, establish- 
ing a field hospital in a forest, to which the 
wounded were taken. On the conclusion of his 
work there, he accompanied the army to Har- 
per's Ferry, where he remained until an attack 
of fever compelled him to return home. 

After the war Dr. Throop retired from active 
practice, and gave his attention to his large and 
important business interests. In 1842 he mar- 
ried Miss Harriet F. McKinney, a sister of the 
wife of Sanford Grant. To Dr. Throop and wife 
were born five children, only one now living, 
JNIrs. PI. B. Phelps, who makes her home with 
her father and mother in Scranton. ■ His connec- 
tion with religious enterprises has continued 
throughout his entire life, and it was largely by 
his labors and assistance that the beautiful 
church edifice was erected in which St. Luke's 
Episcopal congregation worship. He aided in 
the establishment of the first lodge of Odd Fel- 
lows in Scranton and gave financial assistance 
in the erection of their hall, which for years was 
also used for entertainments and lectures. The 
important moneyed interests which he held led 
to his selection as president of the Scranton City 
Bank, which position he occupied for some time. 

Though long retired from practice. Dr. Throop 
has never lost his interest in the medical profes- 
sion. The young man just entering upon prac- 
tice finds in him a helpful friend, whose counsel 
may be freely sought. Plis interest in the cause 
may be shown by his recent presentation of a 
medical library of about two hundred volumes 
to the Lackawanna Medical Society. In 1872 
Governor Hartranft appointed him a trustee of 
the Danville Insane Hospital, and succeeding 
governors have continued him in the position. 
The LackaAvanna Hospital was at first main- 
tained at his own expense, but he finally suc- 
ceeded in having it endowed by the state. For 
years he held the position of chief surgeon of 
the Delaware, Lackawanna & Western and the 
Delaware it Hudson Canal Company's Rail- 
roads. In 1882, with a number of prominent 
citizens of Scranton, he united to form the Scran- 

ton Illuminating, Heating & Power Company, 
of which he served as president for a time. 

Politically Dr. Throop is identified with the 
Republican party. In reference to his views con- 
cerning the practice of medicine, he is orthodox, 
liberal and yet independent. He is a great 
reader, a deep thinker, broad in views, religious, 
philosophical and social. As a man of influence 
he has attained an enviable position, while his 
course throughout his long life has been such as 
to win for him the esteem of acquaintances. In 
addition to his published work, he has written for 
medical journals and newspapers, and wields a 
ready and pointed pen. Few- of the men w"no 
were his friends and co-laborers fifty years ago 
survive to the present. The majority have been 
called from earth, some of them long since. To 
him has been given the privilege, not only of 
assisting in the early settlement of Scranton, but 
also of witnessing its present prosperity and of 
enjoying, as one of its hundred and twenty-five 
thousand inhabitants, the comforts secured by his 
zealous efforts in days gone by. Now, with heart 
mellowed and softened by age, he is surrounded 
by the ministering affection of relatives and 
friends, looked up to with admiration by the 
younger generation, and regarded with esteem 
by those who labored side by side with him for 
the advancement of this community. In the best 
sense of the word, his may be called a successful 
life, and his success may be attributed to energy 
and perseverance, and other qualities that have 
given him the 

"Strength to dare, the nerve to meet 
Whatever threatens with defeat 
An all-indoniitable will." 

ISRAEL CRANE. Through the long period 
in which he was identified with the interests 
of Carbondale, Israel Crane was known as 
a progressive and judicious business man, and in 
his death the city sustained a severe loss. It is 
said of him by those who were intimately ac- 
quainted with him that he was conscientious in 
deed, exemplary in life, outspoken in public af- 
fairs, pleasant and cheerful, with a kind word for 
all with whom he had daily intercourse. Honesty 



and industry characterized his hfe, and these 
qualities with his kindly consideration of otlicrs 
won him the respect of his fellow-citizens. 

Born at Montclair, N. J., January i6, 1839, our 
subject was a son of Ira Crane, who was a shoe 
dealer in that place. His educational advan- 
tages were very limited, and at fifteen he became 
a clerk in a store in Montclair, later forming a 
partnership with his brother-in-law. In 1864 he 
came to Carbondale and secured a clerkshij) 
under W. J. Crane, a distant relative, by whom 
he was taken into partnership after a year and a 
half. In the spring of 1869 they decided to 
change their location and accordingly moved 
the business to the more promising town of 
Scranton. This came very nearly being a disas- 
trous change. The depression following the 
Civil War and the panic of 1873 almost brought 
financial ruin. The partnership was dissolved 
and in 1874 Mr. Crane decided to return to Car- 
bondale. Here he met with marked success and 
built up a large dr\^-goods business, now run 
under the name of the Israel Crane Company, 
managed by his son, D. L., for the estate. 

Tlioroughly identified with the growth of Car- 
bondale, Mr. Crane took an active part in every 
good cause. He was one of the leaders in the 
Y. M. C. A., in which he was an officer, and for 
years served as an elder in the Presbyterian 
Church, always manifesting a desire to help for- 
ward movements of a religious nature. A tem- 
perance worker, he was identified with the Pro- 
hibition party. He was connected witli the Elec- 
tric Light Company and other local enterprises. 
When in the prime of his usefulness and business 
prosperity, he passed from earth September 5, 
1891. Starting in life with no other capital than 
his energy and determination, and meeting in 
his early business career with many obstacles, in 
the last few years of his life he built up one of the 
most important business houses in Carbondale 
and left a large estate at his death. 

The home of Mr. Crane was one that bore in 
its everyday life a happiness and completeness 
more to be desired than the amassing of riches 
or the accumulation of power. In December, 
1867, he was united in marriage with Miss Mary 
Lathrop, a lady possessing a sympathetic dis- 

position, one who was trained to follow closely 
the Great Exemplar of the true life. Of their 
four children one died when seven years of age. 
Dwight Lathrop, a rising young business man, is 
the manager of the Israel Crane Company, and* 
resides with his mother, and brother and sister, 
Albert and Marion, in the family residence in 
Lincoln Avenue. 

SAMUEL E. RAYNOR. In the coloniza- 
tion of the states that lie along the Atlantic 
seaboard, at least two different classes of 
people arc distinctively noticeable; in the north, 
the Puritan element, sagacious, manly, pious and 
industrious, and in the south, the cavalier ele- 
ment of England, open-handed and light-hearted. 
The subject of this sketch, the late Samuel E. 
Raynor of Carbondale, v\as a descendant of the 
former class, and though many generations re- 
moved from his ancestors who came to this coun- 
try with the Pilgrim Fathers, he inherited the 
traits of character that were dominant in the lives 
of those early settlers. 

At a period early in the history of this coun- 
try, members of the Raynor family, with other 
prominent Puritans from Connecticut, made 
their way across tlie sound in a small boat and 
settled in Southold, on the east end of Long 
Island. Many of the name may still be found in 
different parts of the island. Nathan Raynor, 
our subject's father, was born at Westhampton, 
L. I., August 13, 1789, and married Sarah B. 
Cooper, who was born at Bridgehampton, L. I., 
July 24, 1789, and who like her husband was a 
descendant of one of the oldest and most re- 
spected families on the island. She came with 
her husband to Carbondale in 1831 and here he 
died a few years later. For many years she made 
her home with her son and his wife, and died 
about 1876. Her ancestors were people of deep 
piety, devoted members of the Congregational 
Church, and religious devotion has been a family 
characteristic down to the present generation. 

Of the children of Nathan and Sarah Raynor, 
we note the following: Eliza C, who married 
Anthony Marvin, a merchant in Delhi, N. Y., 
later connected with the United States sub-treas- 



iiry at New York, at her death left two children ; 
Mrs. Mary Smith was the wife of a farmer at 
Dundee, 111.; Rev. James Raynor is a Pres- 
byterian minister at Montrose, Pa.; and Samuel 
E., our subject, was born in Montrose, July 16, 
1827. The last-named was four years of age at 
the time the family came to Carbondale and soon 
afterward his father died, leaving the widow with 
four small children and but little of this world's 
goods. For this reason he had but a limited edu- 
cation. At twelve years of age we find him a 
clerk in the store of Lewis G. Ensign, his future 
father-in-law. It is related by a warm friend of 
his, in boyhood and throughout life, that he never 
saw him any happier than when he had earned 
enough money to buy a barrel of flour for his 
mother. Of a life made up of good deeds, this 
first act seemed to give him the greatest satisfac- 
tion of all. All through his life to the death of 
his mother, he was devoted to her and saw that 
she wanted for nothing. 

We can do no better at this time than to quote 
from the obituary written at the time of his death, 
February i, 1894, by his lifelong friend, C. E. 
Lathrop, of the "Carbondale Leader," who had 
the highest regard for his noble traits of charac- 
ter and business ability: "Mr. Raynor was one 
of the few living persons who watched the 
growth of Carbondale from its rude and unprom- 
ising beginning. He came to this place when 
four years of age from Montrose with his parents 
and had lived here continuously ever since. Dur- 
ing this long period he was a supporter of and 
leader in every movement for spiritual advance- 
ment and moral reform. He was one of the oldest 
living members of the First Presbyterian Church, 
having joined that communion in 1836. In 1854 
he was ordained a deacon and in 1865 was in- 
stalled as elder. For many years he was super- 
intendent of the Sabbath-school, his time in that 
ofiiice being longer than any other in the history 
of the church. 

"Outside of the church Mr. Raynor was con- 
stantly active in good works. For years he was 
a power in the Order of Good Templars and the 
Sons of Temperance, and his Band of Hope, a 
training school for the children in principles of 
total abstinence, became famous for the power 

it exerted. Scores of the substantial people of 
this city look back with pleasure and gratitude 
to the time they were members of this youthful 
band. In point of continuous residence, Mr. 
Raynor was one of the very oldest citizens of the 
place. He came from a prominent family on 
Long Island and many of his relatives stood 
high in business circles in New York City. His 
mother was a sister of Hon. Almon H. Read, 
at one time a member of congress. 

"Mr. Raynor being almost the only support of 
a widowed mother, of necessity contracted 
habits of industry and economy, and in early life 
found profitable employment with L. G. Ensign, 
later his father-in-law. Afterward he was with 
Sweet & Ensign and subsequently became a part- 
ner of Dr. Sweet, conducting a successful busi- 
ness for several years, and later was alone in 
business. This he relinquished to become teller 
in the Miners & Mechanics Bank, in which he 
was largely interested. He retired some years 
ago on account of failing health. 

"It is, however, in the line of moral and re- 
ligious work that Mr. Raynor left an impress 
upon the life of our city that will not soon be 
effaced. He was a disciple of Christ at a very 
early age. He was a model boy and some now- 
living here remember him as most active in all 
the departments of church work and in the tem- 
perance cause. From an early period in the his- 
tory of the town, especially among the children 
(which, by the way, was his favorite work) he 
was most successful, and many of our young 
people are profiting today in their lifework by 
the lessons he inculcated with such earnestness 
and zeal. Of late years his part in church and 
temperance work has been less active, but he by 
no means lost his interest in such matters up to 
the very last. His faith was an abiding one, root- 
ed and grounded in the doctrines of Calvinism, 
which has animated so many of the world's noble 
men and has given to this nation some of its 
most eminent men. As the older members of 
society and the church pass away, others wnill 
rise up to carry on the good work, but there will 
be few in this community who will do as good 
a work as the deceased has done during the half 
century of his active life. His holy example will 



be a stimulus for his co-laborers and long after 
his personality is forgotten the church records 
will attest to his faithful work. 

"'Life's labor done, as sinks the clay, 
Light from its load the spirit flies. 
While iicavcn and earth combine to say,^ 
How blest the righteous when he dies.'" 

About 1850 .Mr. Ray nor married Elizabeth 
Stoncr, who at her death left a daughter, but the 
latter died at thirteen years. January 27, 1864, 
he married Miss Harriet Ensign, daughter of 
Lewis G. Ensign, who was for many years a lead- 
ing jeweler of Carbondale. A native of Litch- 
field, Conn., and of good old Puritan stock, Mr. 
Ensign inherited substantial traits of character, 
which brought him business success. When his 
daughter Harriet was nine years of age, he took 
his family to Wyoming, Pa., and there died Jan- 
uary 29, 18S7, at the age of eighty-one years. His 
wife, Rebecca (Fortner) Ensign, was born in 
Milton, X. Y., June 5, 1803, and died in Wyom- 
ing, Pa., January 13, 1855. She was a member 
of the Presbyterian Church, to which Mr. 
Ensign also belonged, and in that faith they 
reared Harriet, the only one of their children 
who readied maturity. Mrs. Raynor and her 
daughter Gertrude, an accomplished young lady, 
are living in their comfortable residence in Lin- 
coln .'\venuc, surrounded by every comfort; the 
other daughter, Frances, is the wife of Dr. C. T. 
Meaker of Carbondale. 

ANDREW WYLLIE. The life of this gen- 
tleman, who for years has been superin- 
tendent of the iron department of the 
Delaware & Hudson blacksmith shops at Car- 
bondale, affords an illustration of the axiom that 
"grit and grace"' have as their companion 
"greenbacks." With few exceptions, the men 
who have the grit to cope with the difficulties 
of life and the grace to bear hardships, will at- 
tain, if not wealth, at least the possession of a 
bank account sufficiently large to secure them 
against want and poverty in their old age. 
. ,\ native of the county of Fife, Scotland, Mr. 
Wvllie was born in the historic town of Kirkcaldy, 

eleven miles from Edinburgh, October 18, 1826. 
This shire was also the birthplace of his parents, 
George and Marj' (Stanhouse) Wyllie, the for- 
mer of whom died in early manhood. The latter, 
a lady of high literary attainments, was for forty 
years a teacher in Philips Institute in her native 
heath. Of her three children Elizabeth married 
James Louttit, an extensive manufacturer and 
dealer in cloth, now living retired in Kirkcaldy; 
George died many years ago; and Andrew, our 
subject, was the youngest of the family. In youth 
he went to sea one voyage and on his return 
learned the blacksmith's trade in his native place, 
afterward worked at his trade in Manchester, 
England, for five years. 

In the fall of 1848 Mr. Wyllie came to .\merica 
and w-as employed in Brooklyn at the time Tay- 
lor was inaugurated president of the L^nited 
States. Later he worked for Hoe, the printing 
press manufacturer in New York. In 185 1 he 
came to Carbondale, where he had been for a 
short time previously, working in the shops of 
the Delaware & Hudson until the death of his 
brother-in-law. On his return here he resumed 
work with the company and since 1856 has been 
at the head of the iron department. A sturdy, 
conservative Scotchman, he guards well the in- 
terests of the company with which he has been 
connected for forty years or more. 

April 26, 1854, IMiss Isabella Diack, a native 
of Glasgow, Scotland, became the wife of Mr. 
Wyllie and they have three sons and three daugh- 
ters, namely: Mary, wife of Oscar E. Histed, 
an engineer on the Delaware & Hudson road; 
Alexander, a machinist in the Delaware & Hud- 
son locomotive works; George, who is employed 
in his father's department; Isabella, who mar- 
ried Frank Arnold, of Carbondale; Elizabeth, at 
home; and Thomas, a bookkeeper in the Pittston 
stove w'orks. Like the majority of Scotch peo- 
ple, Mr. Wyllie attends the Presbyterian Church 
and is a believer in its doctrines. 

JOHN S. JADWIN. The entire life of Mr. 
Jadwin, with tlie exception of the periods 
when business connections or the search 
for health took him elsewhere, was passed in the 



city of Carbondale, where his life began Decem- 
ber 3, 1853, 3nd ended May 17, 1894. Numbered 
among the energetic and progressive business 
men of the place, he accumulated a handsome 
property and left his family in comfortable cir- 
cumstances. His success, however, was secured 
only through the outlay of physical strength that 
broke down a naturally strong constitution. 

The father of our subject was Henry B. Jad- 
win, one of the pioneers of Carbondale, who 
came here before 1830, and assisted in laying the 
foundation upon which the present prosperous 
anthracite city is built. He filled many local 
offices, and his ability and force of character made 
him a prominent figure through this part of the 
state. His family consisted of eight sons, four 
of whom are living, namely: ex-Congressman 
C. C. Jadwin, of Honesdale; O. H., a wholesale 
druggist in New York; ex-Mayor Henry B. Jad- 
win, of Carbondale; and Charles P., of Scranton, 
mentioned elsewhere in this volume. 

The subject of this sketch, who was the young- 
est of the sons, grew to manhood in Carbondale 
and early engaged in the drug business. For 
three years he was in business with his brother, 
C. C, in Plonesdale, after which he took a posi- 
tion with his brother, O. H., in New York City. 
In 1875 '^c opened a store in Carbondale and 
from that time to his death met with unvarying 
success. The large business w^hich he built up is 
now conducted by his wife, who runs it through 
a manager. 

For twenty years Mr. Jadwin was a member 
of Olive Leaf Lodge, I. O. O. F., in which he was 
one of the past grands. The fatal illness which 
resulted in his death was contracted in January, 
1893, when he was taken ill with pneumonia. 
The attack permanently injured his lungs, and 
hoping that a change of climate might prove 
beneficial, Tune i, 1893, he departed for Colo- 
rado, returning in the autumn somewhat im- 
proved. The benefit, however, was only tem- 
porary. On Thanksgiving Day he went home ill 
and was never again seen at his place of busi- 

September 11, 1877, Mr. Jadwin married Miss 
Mattie Buzzell, of Morris, N. Y., daughter of the 
late John Drew Buzzell, a native of Maine, and 

for some years a local politician of note in Morris. 
At his death Mr. Jadwin left five daughters, 
Susan, Augusta, Florence, Gladys and Amber, 
who are bright, vivacious and accomplished, and 
one son, John Seymour, the youngest of the 

PATRICK A. POWDERLY, who repre- 
sents one of the most prominent pioneer 
families of Carbondale, was born in this 
city October 28, 1833, and is a son of Terrence 
Powderly, a native of County Meath, Ireland, 
born in 1800. The paternal grandfather, Hugh 
Powderly, spent his entire life in Ireland, where 
he died at forty years of age. Of his four sons 
and two daughters, three sons and one daughter 
came to America, namely: Terrence; John, who 
went to Illinois and engaged in farming there 
until his death; Hugh, a man of roving disposi- 
tion, whose destiny is unknown; and Marcella. 
who married John Powderly (not a relative), a 
gardener in Brooklyn, N. Y., where she died, 
leaving seven children, now residents of Dayton, 

Reared on a farm in Ireland, Terrence Pow- 
derly emigrated to America in young manhood, 
sailing from Dublin March 20, 1827. He set- 
tled near Carbondale, where he engaged in farm- 
ing for two years. June 18, 1829, when coal was 
discovered here, he moved into the city, which 
then had but two houses and those of logs. For 
several years he was employed as a miner and 
in 1845 opened what has since been known as 
the Powderly mine, and Powderly road leading 
to this mine was named in his honor. From 1858 
to 1876 he was connected with the car shops of 
the Delaware & Hudson Canal Company, but 
in the latter year gave up active business, and 
from that time lived in quiet retirement. He 
passed away May 27, 1882. In 185 1, when the 
city was incorporated, he was one of the first 
board of councilmen, and in every way possible 
promoted the welfare of the place. 

The mother of our subject, known in maiden- 
hood as Margery Walsh, was born in County 
Meath, Ireland, July 4, 181 1, and in 1826 became 
the wife of Terrence Powderly. August 15, 1876, 



they celebrated their golden wedding, when they 
were the recipients of many congratulations and 
good wishes. Three days later, August i8, she 
passed quietly from earth. Of her twelve chil- 
dren the eldest, Elizabeth, was born on the St. 
Lawrence River, July 26, 1827, when her parents 
were journeying via Canada to the United States; 
she married William W. W'alkcr, who was con- 
nected with the mines until his death, November 
-5. 1895, and she died March 18 of the following 
year. Their son, T. V. Walker, is agent for the 
National Express Company in Carbondalc. 

Hugh, the first-born son of Terrence and Mar- 
gery Powderly, was born in August, 1829, and 
died at the age of two years. Thomas, whose 
birth occurred September 16, 1831, died in in- 
fancy. Hugh. W., who was born February 8, 
1837, is represented elsewhere in this volume. 
John, bom June 21, 1838, is employed in the 
freight department of the Delaware, Lackawanna 
& Western Railroad at Scranton. Joseph, born 
May 5, 1841, was for several years in tlie mer- 
cantile l)usiness in Carbondalc, at one time served 
as postmaster and is now weighmaster for the 
Delaware & Hudson Railroad. Christopher, 
who was born April 9, 1843, was killed August 
20, 1864, by a train on the Gravity Railroad. 
Mary, born December i, 1844, died in 1846. 
Mary (2d), born Februarj' 8, 1847, <:l'*^d in in- 
fancy. Hon. Terrence V., born January 27, 1849, 
is the most noted member of the family, having 
been mayor of Scranton, a leading politician and 
for many years grand master workman of the 
Knights of Labor, in which way he has gained 
a national reputation; he is now a practicing 
attorney of Scranton. The youngest child, Mar- 
gery, was born March 15, 1853, and lives in Car- 

At the age of fourteen our subject became a 
helper in the employ of the Delaware & Hudson 
Company, receiving fifty cents a day. Later he 
worked in various capacities for the company, 
and since August i, 1858, has been foreman of 
the switch back of the car department. He is a 
man of natural ability and broad views. His 
memory is remarkable and he is sometimes called 
the "living encyclopedia" of Carbondalc, on ac- 
count of his familiarity with the history of the 

city. September 14, 1857, he married Mary, 
daughter of John and Margaret Gilligan. Her 
parents were born, reared and married in Ireland, 
and came to America at the same time our sub- 
ject's father emigrated hither. Her father took 
a position with the Delaware & Hudson Com- 
pany in 1829 and remained in their employ as 
long as he was able to work. He died in October, 
1884, at the age of eighty-four. Mrs. Gilligan 
was the cook for the first men that worked in 
the mines of Carbondalc. She attained an ad- 
vanced age, dying in 1880. 

Of the five children of John and Margaret Gil- 
ligan, the only son died in youth. Margaret was 
born in Carbondalc December 12, 1829, and was 
the second child born in the place; she is still liv- 
ing, unmarried, and is now the oldest native-born 
resident of the town. Bridget, who was born in 
November, 1835, married Patrick McLaughlin 
and died in 1862, leaving one child. Judith is 
the wife of Thomas O'Connell, a merchant of 
Carbondalc. Mr. and Mrs. Powderly are the 
parents of tlirce living children and lost three in 
infancy. Marcella is the wife of James A. Far- 
rell, who is connected with the bridge department 
of the Delaware & Hudson Railroad, and they 
have three children, Mary E., Joseph and Made- 
line. Mrs. Farrell was for eight years a teacher 
in the schools of Carbondalc and was a very suc- 
cessful instructor. Philip Flugh, our subject's 
older son, was born in July, 1861, and is in the 
employ of the Delaware & Hudson Railroad. 
T. v., Jr., agent for a company at Scranton, mar- 
ried Elizabeth Finigan, and has two sons, Ray- 
mond and Rollin. Mr. and Mrs. Powderly oc- 
cupy a pleasant residence in Eighth Avenue. 

Press," of which Mr. Boundy is editor 
and proprietor, was established in 1890 
by IT. P. Woodward and from the first has had 
a steady growth in circulatitjn and influence. 
From six it has been increased to eight columns, 
thus aflfording an increased amount of reading- 
matter to its patrons. In political afifairs it has 
maintained an independent and conservative 
spirit, avoiding the radical views of partisan ev 




tremists, but at tlie same time giving a cordial 
support to measures that will promote the public 

Mr. Boundy is an Englishman by birth and 
parentage, and was born in Cornwall, October 
28, 1849. There his boyhood years were spent, 
mainly in toil, his opportunities for study being 
limited to attendance at school prior to the age 
of twelve. Early in life he was obliged to become 
self-supporting and was making his own way in 
the world when most boys of his years were in 
school. In 1870 he went to Wales and two years 
later, under the direction of John Brogden & 
Son, railroad contractors, went to New Zealand, 
where he was employed in various occupations 
and later taught school. Failing health caused 
him to return to England in 1883, and four years 
later he came to America, settling in Jermyn, 
where for a year he worked in powder mills. 
Afterward he was manager of a co-operative 
store for four years, and then, in 1893, he bought 
the "Jermyn Press." Notwithstanding the fact 
that he had no previous knowledge of or expe- 
rience in the newspaper business, he has been 
quite successful and, with the assistance of his 
children, has built up a readable paper. 

In 1873 Mr. Boundy married Miss Mary J. 
Seymour, of Cornwall, and they are the parents 
of four children, namely: William, who is em- 
ployed as weighmaster at the Erie mine; Sarah, 
Charles and Nellie, at home. While he has con- 
ducted his paper as an independent sheet, per- 
sonally he favors sound money and protection, 
and therefore supports Republican measures and 
men. In boyhood he united with the Methodist 
Episcopal Church and for about seventeen years 
was a local preacher. 

Not only in this county, but in many other 
parts of the United States Mr. Boundy has be- 
come known as a writer of prose and verse. Be- 
fore coming to America one of his poems, "An 
Essay on Ambition,'' was published by the Eng- 
lish press and attracted considerable attention. 
The greatest work of his life is probably the poem 
entitled "Liberty's Martyr," which, as the title 
indicates, refers to that most illustrious of Amer- 
icans, Abraham Lincoln. The excellence of this 
production entitles him to a place among the 

greater poets of the age. Many of his short 
sketches were published by the "Carbondale 
Leader," under the nom de plume of Ottiwell 
Wood, among them "Fifty Chips," in 1894. 
Among his published stories, one of the best is 
"Albert Dimond's Ambition,'' a tale of the mines. 
He now has ready for publication a story called 
"A Disciple of Cain." Many of his writings are 
humorous, and these are among the most read- 
able of all. While traveling for a year with the 
musician. Professor Crowell, he gave public 
readings, all of which were original productions. 
Notwithstanding the fact that his education was 
limited and his early life one of hard toil, he has 
gained a literary style that culture does not al- 
ways impart nor training produce. His wide 
travels have given him an inexhaustible fund of 
information, from which he draws in writing his 
stories. Among the literary men of the county 
he has attained, and deservedly, a high place. 

The services which in the past Mr. Con- 
ncll has rendered his fellow-citizens of 
Scranton and which he is now rendering the 
people of this district as their representative in 
congress, entitle him to rank among the emi- 
nent men of the state. His popularity is proved 
by the fact that he was elected to his present re- 
sponsible position by a majority of nearly eight 
thousand, Vi-hich was four times as large a ma- 
jority as has ever been given in the county. 
Elected in November, 1896, he entered upon the 
active discharge of his duties with the best wishes 
of a host of friends, and represents the district 
in a manner reflecting the highest credit upon 

There are, in the character of Mr. Connell, 
three qualities that have been especially con- 
ducive to his success: energy, a trait of the ma- 
jority of Americans; independence and determi- 
nation, the heritage from a long line of Scotch 
ancestors; and a kind and sympathetic nature, 
bequeathed to him by his Irish forefathers. Na- 
ture bestowed upon him a vigorous mind. He is 
quick to see an emergency and equally quick to 
devise means of meeting it. Thus it has been 



that in the course of his long and exceedingly 
active business life, obstacles have not daunted 
him, but have only sen'cd to develop his invin- 
cible determination of character. 

The industries with which Mr. Connell is con- 
nected include some of the most prominent or- 
ganizations in the city of Scranton. He is presi- 
dent of the Third National Bank, one of the most 
solid financial institutions of the state, and is a 
large stockholder in the First National Bank ; 
also president of the Connell Coal Company, the 
Lackawanna Knitting Mills Company, Scranton 
Button Manufacturing Company, Limited, Wes- 
ton Mill Company, Hunt & Connell Company 
and Meadow Brook Land Company. lie was also 
at one time a director in the Lackawanna Irr)n 
& Steel Company, Dickson Manufacturing Com- 
pany, Clark & Snover Company, Lehigh Salt 
Mining Company, Scranton Packing Company, 
Scranton Forging Company, Lackawaima Lum- 
ber Company, Consumers' Ice Company and 
■'Scranton Tribune." 

Born at Cape Breton, Nova Scotia, September 
lo, 1827, the subject of this sketch is a son of 
James and Susan (Melville) Connell, natives re- 
spectively of Scotland and Nova Scotia, the lat- 
ter being of Irish-American descent. In 1844 the 
parents moved to Luzerne County, Pa., and late 
in life came to Scranton, where their death oc- 
curred. The early opportunities of WilHam 
were extremely meagre, but he utilized them to 
the utmost and by self-culture gained a knowl- 
edge of the English brandies sufficient to form 
a reliable foundation for business ventures in 
later years. He knows full well the meaning of 
poverty, for the family had little beyond the ac- 
tual necessities of existence, and he was obliged 
to win his own way in the world from an early 
age. This, instead of having a detrimental ef- 
fect, was doubtless of advantage to him, for it 
taught him habits of industry, perseverance and 
prudence that later were of inestimable value to 
him. Beginning as a driver in a coal mine, he 
worked his way through the various grades of 
employment and became a practical miner. 

It has been said that "there is a tide in the af- 
fairs of men that, taken at the flood, leads on to 
fortune." In the life of William Connell this op- 

portunity came in 1856, wlien he was called to 
Scranton and placed in charge of mines, operated 
by a company of capitalists known as the Sus- 
quehanna & Wyo'ming Valley Railroad & Coal 
Company. When the charter of the company 
expired in 1870, he purchased the property with 
his savings. Having been long with the com- 
pany they reposed confidence in his integrity and 
business capacity and trusted him for the bal- 
ance, which in a few years he paid. In the years 
that have since passed the business has steadily 
increased in importance. As founder of the firm 
of William Connell & Co., he still retains the 
principal interest in the concern. With others, 
in 1872, he founded the Third National Bank of 
Scranton, in which he first served as director 
and was chosen president in 1879. I" 1887 he 
was an active factor in the organization of the 
Scranton Safe Deposit & Trust Company, in- 
corporated with a capital of $250,000, and of it 
he became a director. 

January 2, 1852, Mr. Connell married Miss 
Annie Lawrence, of Llewellyn, Schuylkill Coun- 
ty, Pa., and they became the parents of eleven 
children, of whom all but two are living. In 
religious belief he is identified with the Methodist 
Episcopal Church and was a delegate to the gen- 
eral conference of the denomination that met in 
Philadclpiiia in 1884. Educational matters, es- 
pecially when appertaining to the church of his 
choice, receive his attention and support, and he 
has served efficiently as trustee in Syracuse and 
Wesleyan Universities and Drew Theological 

When, in 1896, the Republicans sought to 
nominate for congress one who would worthily 
represent their principles and the interests of the 
people, their choice fell upon Mr. Connell. The 
speech of nomination, delivered by Roland 
Thomas, was a merited tribute to the ability and 
citizenship of the nominee, containing among 
other words, the following: "It is my privilege 
and pleasure to present to this convention as a 
candidate for congress the name of a man who 
is known from one end of this county to the 
other and far beyond its confines as the friend 
of the laboring classes. Having begun life at the 
lowest rung of the ladder, he has, by his industry. 



ability and sterling integrity, attained the posi- 
tion which he now occupies, as one of the lead- 
ing citizens of the great state of Pennsylvania. 
The wealth he has amassed he has not hoarded 
up or allowed to lie idle, but has gone into build- 
ing up of the varied industries of our valley, 
thus giving employment to the laboring man and 
(lis children." The campaign that followed is too 
fresh in the minds of the people today to need 
especial mention; suffice it to say that Mr. Con- 
nell won the election by the largest Republican 
majority ever given in the county. 

It will be seen, from the foregoing, that Mr. 
Connell is in some respects a remarkable man, — 
a striking example of what may be accomplished 
by industry, economy, perseverance and good 
judgment. Without the aid of factitious helps, 
by his own unassisted energies, he has secured 
a reasonable share of fame and fortune. The 
early part of his biography does not differ ma- 
terially from that of thousands of young men 
who started with him upon life's journey. But 
the sequel of his history is different from that of 
many. While they, with perhaps equal oppor- 
tunities, sank to rise no more, he, by the force of 
his determination, has utilized even his obstacles 
to subserve his best interests, and has advanced 
step by step until he has attained to his present 
honorable position, and can hand down to pos- 
terity that noblest of legacies, — a successful life. 

business life of Mr. Gebhardt has been 
passed principally in Jermyn, of which 
village he has been a resident since 1880. Thor- 
oughly identified with the growing interests of 
the community, he has contributed his quota to 
the development of its commercial interests and 
has taken a warm concern in its welfare. Since 
1891 he has been superintendent of the Moosic 
powder mills at Jermyn, and in addition to this 
responsible position he assists in the manage- 
ment of the water works plant and for a num- 
ber of years has served as superintendent of the 
Electric Light Company. 

As the name indicates, the Gebhardt family 
originated in Germany. Our subject's father. 

Frederick, was born in Bavaria, and at the age 
of twenty-two emigrated to the United States. 
Previously he had learned the cooper's trade, 
at which he worked in Milwaukee, Wis., New- 
burgh and Poughkeepsie, N. Y. His death oc- 
curred when he was forty-nine years of age. 
While living in Newburgh he married Catharine 
John, a native of Bavaria, and now occupying a 
house near that of our subject. For one of her 
years, three score and 'ten, she is well preserved, 
retaining the use of her physical and mental fac- 
ulties. Of her children, Louisa M., the only 
daughter, married Charles F. Olcott, and both 
are deceased. The youngest child, George C, 
is employed in the office of the powder mills. 

Augustus F., who is second in order of birth 
in the family, was born in Milwaukee, Wis., Feb- 
ruary 25, 1855, and at the age of two years was 
taken by his parents to Newburgh, N. Y. Thence 
the family removed to Poughkeepsie, N. Y., when 
he was six, and there, during the five ensuing 
years, he attended the common schools. His 
advantages, however, were hmited, and his edu- 
cation has been acquired principally by personal 
endeavor, observation and contact with business 
men. When seven years of age he began to as- 
sist his father in the cooper shop and started out 
in the world for himself at the age of only four- 
teen. Working industriously and economically 
saving his earnings, he was prospered from the 
first, though he met with his share of adversity 
and reverses in trying to place his affairs upon 
a substantial basis. 

When seventeen years of age Mr. Gebhardt 
went to Moosic, Pa., and, in addition to follow- 
ing the cooper's trade, he also worked at house 
painting in that place and Scranton. His first 
work with the powder company was as an out- 
side laborer, after which he resumed the coopers 
trade. On coming to Jermyn he was employed 
as an assistant in the mills until 1892, since 
which time he has been the superintendent. He 
married Miss Hannah C. Patten, of Olyphant, 
Pa., and they are the parents of four children, 
namely: Walter, who died at the age of eight 
months; George A., Florence H. and Walter 
Patten, who are at home. While he has never 
identified himself prominently wilh political af- 



fairs nor desired to occupy local offices, yet he 
is informed concerning: the issues of the age and 
advocates the principles for which the Republican 
party stands. In religious belief he is a Presby- 
terian and belongs to the church of that denomi- 
nation in Avoca, formerly Pleasant Valley. 

ISAAC S. GRAVES, M. D. The villages and 
cities of Lackawanna County are the homes 
of a number of physicians, graduates of es- 
tablished schools, men of broad general and 
scientific information, who, in the management 
of a general practice, have built up excellent rep- 
utations and gained a fair proportion of this 
world's goods. Such a one is Dr. Graves, of 
Jermyn, who during the period of his residence 
in this place has become family physician to 
many of the best people here. He justly de- 
serves whatever success is now or in the future 
may be his, as he worked tirelessly to gain an 
education and by his unaided exertions acquired 
a broad fund of professional knowledge. 

The Doctor's parents, Albert and Margaret 
(Miller) Graves, were born in Greenfield Town- 
ship, this county, and there the latter died at 
the age of sixty-one. The former, who through- 
out his active life has followed the occupation of 
an agriculturist, still makes his home in Tomp- 
kinsville, Scott Township, but is living some- 
what retired from the busy round of duties that 
formerly engaged his attention. His children, 
six in niunber, are named as follows: Clarence, 
who follows his father's occupation of fanning; 
Hobart and Elmira, deceased; Isaac S.; Mary, 
wife of Charles Harmed, of Peckvillc, Pa.; and 
Alice, who is with her father. 

On the home farm in Scott Township the sub- 
ject of this article was born December i, 1859, 
and there the years of his boyhood were unevent- 
fully passed in mingled play and work. Being 
of a studious disposition, he became well in- 
foiTned and was able to secure a teacher's cer- 
tificate from the county superintendent of 
schools, after which he taught for two years. 
The money thus earned he saved, until he had 
a sufficient amount to pay his way through the 
state normal school at Mansfield. He entered 

that institution and continued there until his 
graduation at the completion of tlie regular 
course. Resuming his work as a teacher, he suc- 
cessfully engaged in that profession for three 
years, as before, diligently economizing his 
means in order that he might furtlier improve 

From an early age, even w bile following the 
plow on his father's farm and while instruct- 
ing boys and girls in the intricacies of the three 
R's, it had been our subject's ambition to be- 
come a physician, and finally, through his per- 
severance and economy, the way was opened. 
He ente"c<l the medical department of the Uni- 
versity of the City of New York, from which he 
graduated in 1888, having taken tlie regular 
course of lectures. On the completion of his 
studies he opened an ofifice in the borough of 
Peckvillc, where he carried on a general prac- 
tice for tlnx-e years. He then came to Jermyn 
in 1 89 1, purchased the residence of Dr. Church 
and esta1)lished his permanent home here. While 
living in Peckvillc, he married Miss Edith Page, 
of that place. Politically he believes in the meas- 
ures and principles for which the Republican 
jiarty stands, and fraternally he is associated with 
the ln<li'])enclcnt Order of Odd Fellows. 


UGH W. POWDERLY, of Carbondale, 
was born in this city February 8, 1837. 
A record of his parents and a history of 
the family, which was one of the first to settle 
here, will be found in the sketch of his brother, 
P. A. Powderly. The name is one that is espe- 
cially prominent in labor circles throughout the 
United States, his brother, Hon. T. V. Powderly, 
ex-mayor of Scranton, having gained a national 
reputation through his long leadership of the 
Knights of Labor. 

At the age of fourteen the subject of this ar- 
ticle left school and entered the employ of the 
Delaware & Hudson Canal Company, with whom 
he has since remained, being engaged m differ- 
ent capacities until 1864, but since then he has 
held the position of inspector of ropes. During 
this time he was for some years connected with 
a mercantile house in Carbondale, but the venture 



proved disastrous and he lost the accumulation 
of many years of hard work and economy. Un- 
daunted by the misfortune, he at once went to 
work to regain his lost possessions and has since 
been prospered. 

While on a business trip to Dushore, Sullivan 
County, Pa., where his father had real estate in- 
terests, Mr. Powderly met Miss Nora Ellen Mur- 
phy, and they were made husband and wife in 
i860. Eleven months later she died, leaving a 
child that soon passed from earth. In 1865 Mr. 
Powderly was united in marriage with Mrs. Pat- 
rick Henry, a widow, and they became the par- 
ents of nine children, of whom seven are living, 
all energetic and capable, and like their parents, 
members of the Catholic Church. They are named 
as follows: P. P., who spent six years in the 
west, but is now in Carbondale; Annie, a saleslady 
in Scranton; Christopher, wlio is in the employ 
of the Delaware & Hudson at Carbondale: Liz- 
zie, a dressmaker in this city; Mary Gertrude, 
who is at home; Hugh J., an employe of the 
Delaware & Hudson; and Eugene. In his polit- 
ical views Mr. Powderly is independent, support- 
ing in every instance the men whom he believes 
best qualified for the office in question. At one 
time he was a member of the citv council. 


AJ. W. S. MILLAR. The family repre- 
sented by this well known citizen of 
Scranton traces its origin to England, 
with the history- of which its members were long 
associated. The Major's grandfather, James 
Millar, was born there, but after his marriage 
removed to Ireland, becoming a tea merchant 
in County Antrim. His son, James, Jr., was born 
in the north of Ireland, whence in boyhood he 
accompanied a brother to the United States, set- 
tling in Pliiladelphia, where he received his edu- 
cation. Later he became superintendent of a 
large wholesale business, in which position he 
remained until his death at forty-six years of age. 
His wife, who was also of English descent, was 
born in Lancaster County, Pa., bore the maiden 
name of Sybilla C. Jackson and died at the age 
of sixty-two; her father, James Jackson, was also 

a native of Lancaster County, with the early his- 
tory of which he was identified. 

The family of James Millar, Jr., consisted of 
eight children that attained years of maturity, 
but only two are now living, William S. and 
Joseph H., superintendent of a union news com- 
pany at Cleveland, Ohio. The subject of this 
sketch was born in Philadelphia in 1852 and was 
reared in Cherry Street, receiving a fair education 
in the schools of the city. While still a mere boy 
he began in the news business with his brother, 
and for several years ran on the trains from 
Philadelphia to Atlantic City. Later his route 
was between Philadelphia and Bethlehem and 
then on the Delaware, Lackawanna & Western 
from New York to Scranton. On leaving the 
road he secured a position as mailing clerk in the 
Scranton postofifice, where he remained for fif- 
teen years, the number of employes having mean- 
while increased from four to about seventy-five. 
In 1888 he resigned this position and engaged 
in the life insurance business for the Pennsyl- 
vania Mutual of Philadelphia. 

In February, 1895, Major Millar was elected to 
represent the eighth ward in the position of alder- 
man. This ward, which is the "hub" of the city, 
is closely divided politically, but he gained the 
election by a majority of eighty-seven, upon the 
Republican ticket. In May of the same year he 
took the oath of office, being commissioned by 
Governor Hastings for a term of five years. He 
established his office in the Gas Company Build- 
ing at No. 115 Wyoming Avenue, where he has 
a court room and private office, and to assist 
in detail work he has a secretary and stenog- 

Scranton has very few Republicans who are 
more active in political affairs or whose judg- 
ment is more relied upon in party matters than 
Major Millar. He has filled the position of chair- 
man of the county Republican central commit- 
tee and at this writing is secretary of the Central 
Republican Club, with wliich he has been asso- 
ciated since its organization in 1887. At different 
times he has served as delegate to county and 
state conventions, where he has been active in 
working for the success of important measures. 
Fraternally he is connected with Union Lodge, 



V. & A. M., of which he is past master, and is a 
member of Lackawanna Cliapter and the com- 
mandcry at Scraiiton. August 14, 1877, he be- 
came a charter member of Company B, Thir- 
teenth Regiment, Pennsylvania Isational Guard, 
in whicli he worked his way from a private to the 
rank of second lieutenant, and in 1887 he was 
appointed adjutant. In 1895 he was placed on 
the staff of General Gobin with the rank of 
major and was made inspector of the third 
brigade. In religious belief he is connected 
with the First Presbyterian Church. His time 
and influence are always given in behalf of those 
measures which will be helpful to the people of 
the city. When new plans aj-e formulated for the 
benefit of the place and the upbuilding of its in- 
dustries, his co-operation may be relied upon, 
for he is an enthusiastic advocate of everything 
tending to advance the interests of the city. 

CURTIS E. HELMES. During the period 
of his residence in- Jcrniyn Mr. Helmes 
has become well known as one of the re- 
liable business men of the place and has made a 
large number of friends among his fellow-citi- 
zens. In addition to discharging the duties of 
the office of justice of the peace, he has a large 
business as insurance agent and holds the posi- 
tion of manager of the Jermyn Ice Company. 
This coiicern was established November 20, 1895, 
and has already been placed upon a solid finan- 
cial basis, nine hundred tons of ice having been 
sold during the present year (1896). 

Tlie family of which our subject is a member 
consisted of six children, namely: Emily A., de- 
ceased: Minerva, wife of Luther Carpenter of 
Peckville; Fidelia, Mrs. James W. Potter, of Al- 
legany, N. Y. ; Jennie, who married Lewis Car- 
penter of Dickson City; Curtis E.; and Nellie, 
deceased. The father, Council D., who for some 
years was proprietor of a general store in Jermyn, 
was killed on the Ontario & Western Railroad 
here; his wife, who bore the maiden name of 
Esther A. Cordner, still lives in tliis place. 

In Greenfield Township, this county, the sub- 
ject of this sketch was born April 5, 1862. At 
the age of four years he was taken by his parents 

to Ellenton, Lycoming County, this state, where 
lie grew to manhood, meantime attending the 
conmion schools and spending two years each in 
the Canton high school and state normal school 
at Mansfield. Lhitil seventeen years of age he 
resided on a farm, after which he taught school 
for a number of terms, and then assisted his father 
in a store at Ellenton. After a time he became 
his father's partner in the lumber business, 
though not in the store. The latter was the post- 
master and had the postofifice in his store for 
four years. On leaving Ellenton the family came 
to Jermyn, where a general store was opened 
under the firm title of C. D. Helmes & Son. One 
year later, on the 29th of September, 1893, the 
senior member of the firm was killed by accident, 
and afterward the business was carried on by the 
junior member until he sold out in March, 1895. 

In July, 1895, Mr. Helmes became interested 
in the fire insurance business, in which line he 
has since been quite successful. He was elected 
justice of the peace and entered upon the duties 
of tiie office in May, 1896. As an official he is 
careful, souml in judgment and faithful to the 
interests of the people. He was happily married 
to Emma Helmes, his third cousin, and they are 
the parents of three sons. Council D., Carlyle H. 
and Alfred. 

The political affiliations of Mr. Helmes are 
represented by the Democratic party, of which 
he has been a lifelong adherent. The campaign 
of 1896 found him stanch in his advocacy of free 
silver, and the free coinage of that metal he be- 
lieved would solve the financial difficulties beset- 
ting the people. Upon this national issue, as 
upon the various problems before the nation to- 
day, he is thoroughly informed, and can give an 
intelligent reason for the opinions he holds. In 
former years he was actively identified with the 
Independent Order of Odd Fellows, but does not 
retain his membership in that fraternity. 

JAMES BARRETT. The si.xty-three years 
of Mr. Barrett's life have not been years of 
idleness or ease, but years of hard work, 
unwearied effort and persevering toil. Born in 
Carbondale September 25, 1833, he is still a resi- 


14 r 

dent of this place, the growth of which lie has 
witnessed from a straggling village to an im- 
portant, thriving city. As the life of every in- 
dustrious, honorable man is of aid to a city, so 
of him it rnay be said that by his upright char- 
acter and energy he has promoted the interests 
of his home town. 

The father of our subject, Janies Barrett, Sr., 
emigrated from Ireland to America in 1832 and 
at once settled in Carbondale, where he was a 
pioneer miner. He engaged in work in the mines 
until old age prevented the continuance of active 
labors. At the advanced age of eighty-six he de- 
parted this Hfe. His wife, whose maiden name 
was Honora Barrett, died at eighty-five. Of 
their ten children, five are living, our subject be- 
ing the third in order of birth. His education 
was very limited and was obtained principally in 
the night schools, for it was necessary for him 
to work during the days. At the age of twelve 
he secured employment in the mines, where he 
remained until twenty-four. The work there was 
very hard, but he left it not on that account so 
much as with the hope he could better his finan- 
cial condition elsewhere. 

In 1858 Air. Barrett opened a store in which he 
had a small stock of goods. Proving to be well 
adapted to the business, he worked up a good 
trade, increasing his stock as necessary, and now 
has a fair share of the public patronage. In 1864 
he enlisted in the service of the Union as a mem- 
ber of the fire department of the navy and con- 
tinued for three years, his brother conducting 
the business during his absence. With that ex- 
ception he has devoted himself closely to busi- 
ness matters, working early and late in order to 
gain success. He has never identified himself 
with political affairs, but is a Democrat and al- 
ways votes that ticket. 

PATRICK H. McANDREW, M. D.,who is 
engaged in the practice of medicine and 
surgery in Scranton, was born in Haw- 
ley, Wayne County, this state. His father, John R. 
McAndrew, was born in the west of Ireland and 
is the only survivor of three brothers who came 
to America, they being the sons of Richard, a 

miller in the west of Ireland, who remained there 
until his death. John R., who graduated in civil 
engineering prior to coming to the United Slates 
in 1851, followed his profession a year in New 
York, but his eyesight became defective to a 
certain extent, rendering it necessary for him to 
seek another occupation. In 1852 lie went to 
Hawley and has since been coal agent at tliat 
place for the Pennsylvania Coal Company, in 
local and national politics he votes the Demo- 
cratic ticket, upon which he has frequently been 
elected a member of the council and the school 
board. He is an active meml)er of the Catholic 
Church and a liberal contributor to its work. 

By his marriage in Ireland to Eliza Kane, who 
was born in County Mayo, John R. Mc Andrew 
had eight children, five daughters and three sons, 
all but one of whom are living. Richard is pastor 
of St. Mary's Church at Wilkesbarre, and James, 
a graduate of West Point, is first lieutenant of the 
Third United States Infantry, stationed at Fort 
Snelling. The Doctor, who is the youngest of 
the sons, was reared in Hawley, beginning his 
education in the public schools there, continuing 
in Manhattan College, New York, where he com- 
pleted the scientific course. In 1887 he became 
bookkeeper for Kelley & Healey, wholesale dry- 
goods merchants of Scranton, with whom he re- 
mained for three years. Then, having deter- 
mined to become a physician, he entered the 
medical department of the University of Pennsyl- 
vania in 1890, graduating in 1S93, with the de- 
gree of M. D, Afterward for eighteen months he 
was house surgeon for Lackawanna Hospital, 
In January, 1895, he went abroad, and spent 
about four month's in London, Dublin, Paris and 
Rome, visiting hospitals, attendiag lectures and 
perfecting himself in his profession. 

On his return to the United States, Dr. Mc- 
Andrew began the practice of his profession in 
Scranton, where he opened an office. May i, 
1895, in the Williams Building, corner of Wash- 
ington Avenue and Linden Street. Here he has 
since remained, having by his accuracy and 
painstaking skill in treatment, gained a reputa- 
tion as an excellent physician. In addition to his 
general practice, he is medical examiner of 
Branch 35 of the Catholic Mutual Benevolent 



Association. He holds membership in the An- 
cient Order of Hibernians and in religious be- 
lief is a Catholic, belonging to St. Peter's Cathe- 
dral. Like his father, he favors Democratic prin- 
ciples and supports the candidates of that party. 

JOHN L. WEXTZ, M. D., of Scranton, is a 
member of a family that has given to the 
state a number of successful and skilled 
piiysicians. The first of the name to seek a home 
in America was his great-grandfather, a native 
of Germany, who coming to the United States 
settled in Pennsylvania. The paternal grand- 
father was a practicing physician near Philadel- 
phia, and one of his sons, J. S., now of ]Vlauch 
Chunk, was a graduate of the University of Penn- 
sylvania and a surgeon in the anny during the 
Civil War. Another son, George S.^ father of the 
subject of this sketch, was born near Philadelphia, 
graduated from the medical department of the 
University of Pennsylvania and in 1858 settled 
at Hazleton, being one of tJie first physicians and 
surgeons in that place. He soon acquired among 
the residents of Luzerne County an enviable 
reputation in his chosen profession and he now 
has probably the largest private practice in tlie 
state, having seven assistants in his work. He is 
also extensively interested in coal mining. 

The mother of our subject was born in Mauch 
Chunk and bore the maiden name of Annie 
Leisenring. Her brotlier. Judge Leisenring, a 
large coal operator, built the Lehigh canal and 
was engineer of the Jersey Central; her father. 
John Leisenring, was engaged in the jewelry 
business at Mauch Chunk until his death. Of 
her four children, all but one arc living and the 
three survivors studied medicine in the University 
of Pennsylvania and are physicians. Of these, 
John L., the eldest, was born in Hazleton, Lu- 
zerne County, where he spent the first twelve 
years of his life. He then prepared for college at 
Stockbridge, Mass., and in 1875 entered Amherst 
College, from which he graduated in 1879, with 
the degree of A. B. Three years later the degree 
of A. M. was conferred upon him. During his 
senior year he was vice-president of the class. 

In 1879, a few months after the close of his 

literary education, our subject entered the medi- 
cal department of the University of Pennsylvania, 
where he acquired a thorough tlieorelical knowl- 
edge of the science of medicine, graduating in 
1882 witli the degree of M. D. He then began 
professional practice at Jeddo, Luzerne County, 
five miles from Hazleton, being associated with 
his father in practice. In February, 1892, he 
came to Scranton, where he has since carried on 
a general practice in medicine and surgery, his 
office being located in the Mears Building, corner 
of Washington and Spruce. He makes a spe- 
cialty of the treatment of eye, nose and throat 
diseases, of which he made a study while in col- 
lege and in which he is particularly skillful. 

In Hazleton Dr. Wentz married Miss Ada M. 
Stecker, of that place, and they have two sons, 
Harold and John. Fraternally he is connected 
with Peter Williamson Lodge No. 323. F. & 
A. M., at Scranton, Lackawanna Chapter No. 
185, and Melita Commandery No. 68, K. T. He is 
also a member of the Benevolent Protective Or- 
der of Elks and the Scranton Club. In everything 
pertaining to his profession he manifests a deep 
interest, it being his aim to keep abreast with the 
latest discoveries in the medical world, and he 
is numbered among the active members of the 
County Medical Society. Politically he upholds 
Republican principles and supports the candi- 
dates and measures brought forward b\- that 

JAMES T. McANDREW, chief of police of 
Carbondale and one of the native-born citi- 
zens of tile place, is a son of Michael and 
Hannah McAndrew, natives of County Mayo, 
Ireland. I lis father, who came to this city in the 
earlier days of its history and witnessed its grad- 
ual growth, followed the occupation of a miner 
until his death at the age of forty-eight. While 
he possessed a good constitution, he was obliged 
to work very hard and in that way lost his health 
and died at an age when he should have been in 
the prime of usefulness. His widow is still liv- 
ing and makes her home in Carbondale. They 
were tlie parents of four sons and two daughters, 
and it is a peculiar coincidence that the sons 




were all bom October 27 and the daughters 
September 23. They were named as follows: 
James and Thomas (twins), the latter deceased; 
Mary and Ellen (twins), the latter deceased; Pat- 
rick and a son unnamed that died in infancy. 

In Carbondale, where he was born October z"/, 
1856, the subject of this sketch was reared and 
educated. At the age of twelve years he began 
to work in the mines, where he was engaged at 
different times in laying track, driving mules and 
digging coal. He remained employed in the 
mines until 1889, when he was appointed on the 
night patrol. It was not long before he developed 
into a valuable officer, and after two years of 
service in that capacity he was appointed to the 
important position of chief of police and this 
place he has since held. 

The religious connections of Mr. McAndrew 
are with the Catholic Church of Carbondale and 
he is actively identified with the Catholic Mutual 
Benefit Association. He has always been a 
stanch advocate of Democratic principles and has 
stood by his party, in defeat as well as in suc- 
cess. In 1884 he was united in marriage with 
Bridget Nealon, and they are the parents of five 
children, Mary, Ellen, Hannah, Joseph and 
Retta, all of whom reside with their parents. 

HON. ALFRED HAND. Life is a succes- 
sion of contests and the victory is won 
by those who, by nature and training, are 
best fitted to overcome such obstacles as lie in 
their path. To attain success at the bar and 
upon the bench requires not only ability, but 
ripe judgment and decision of purpose, qualities 
that are admirably combined in the character of 
Judge Hand. Public opinion, which seldom errs 
in its estimate of the ability of men, has given 
him a place among the eminent jurists of the 
state. This same monarch, "public opinion," 
which unfortunately often errs in its estimate 
of the motives governing the actions of men, has 
been his friend, encouraging him in every effort 
and generously bestowing upon his successes a 
meed of praise. 

The Hand family is one of the oldest in this 
country. The whaling list of 1644 in Southamp- 

ton gives the name of John Hand, who emi- 
grated to America from Stanstede, England, 
and in i6..^8 was one of the company from .South- 
ampton that founded a new settlement at East- 
hampton, L. I. He died in 1663, and his son, 
Stephen, in 1693. The next in line of descent, 
Stephen, Jr., born in 1661, and died in 1740, had 
a son and a grandson, John, Jr., born in 1701, 
died in 1755. The last-named left a son, bearing 
the same name, who was born in September, 
1754, and he also had a son, John, who was born 
in Athens, Greene County, N. Y., married IMary 
Jones, March 6, 1778, and died May 30, 1809. 

Ezra, son of Jolm and Mary Hand, was born 
in Rensselaerville, Albany County, N. Y., Aug- 
ust 9, 1799, and June 2, 1829, married Catharine 
Chapman, who was born at Durham, Greene 
County, N. Y., February 11, 1808. She was a 
lineal descendant of Robert Chapman, who in 
1635 emigrated from Hull, England, to Boston, 
Mass., from which place he sailed, November 3, 
for Saybrook, Conn., as one of a company of 
twenty-one men who were sent by Sir Richard 
Saltonstall to take possession of a large tract 
of land and make settlements near the mouth of 
the Connecticut River, under the patent of Lords 
Say and Seal. Ezra Hand spent his life prin- 
cipally in Honesdale, Pa., and died there in 1875. 
His widow is still living at Honesdale, and is now 
eighty-nine years of age. 

The subject of this sketch was born at Hones- 
dale, Pa., March 26, 1835, the- son of Ezra and 
Catharine Hand. His educational advantages 
were exceptionally good. At the age of eighteen 
he entered Yale College, from which he grad- 
uated in 1857. He then began to read law with 
William and William H. Jessup at Montrose, 
Pa., and was admitted to the bar of Susquehanna 
County 'in November, 1859, and to the bar of 
Luzerne County May 8, i860. Since then he 
has practiced in the courts of Susquehanna, Lu- 
zerne and Lackawanna Counties, and the su- 
preme court of the state. For a short time he 
was a member of the firm of Jessup & Hand, but 
removed from Montrose to Scranton in i860, and 
six years later formed a partnership with Isaac 
I. Post, a fellow student. In March, 1879, Gov- 
ernor Hoyt appointed him judge of the eleventh 



judicial district of Pennsylvania, comprising 
Lackawanna and Luzerne Counties. In the erec- 
tion of the new county of Lackawanna he took 
the deepest interest, and when it was separated 
from Luzerne, he was transferred to it as judge. 
In 1880 he was elected to the same position for 
ten years. While presiding judge of. the court 
of common pleas he was appointed by Governor 
Beaver, July 31, 1888, to fill the unexpired term 
of Judge' Trunkey, deceased, on the supreme 
bench, and until January i, 1889, served in this 
capacity with distinguished success. On the ex- 
piration of the term he returned to his profes- 
sional practice. 

With many of the important monetary insti- 
tutions and business enterprises of Scranton 
Judge Hand has been closely identified. His co- 
operation has always been given in matters af- 
fecting the public welfare. From 1872 until 
1879 he was president of the Third National 
Bank of Scranton and was active in the organi- 
zation of the First National Bank. Benevolent 
institutions receive his financial support and the 
prestige of his name. For years he has been 
president and a director of Lackawanna Hos- 
pital and president of the Pennsylvania Oral 
School for Deaf Mutes, the first school of its 
kind established in the state. He has been a di- 
rector of the People's Street Railway of Luzerne 
County, JefTcrson Railroad Company, Dickson 
.Manufacturing Company, Oxford (N. J.) Iron & 
Nail Company, Davis Oil Company of New 
York, Lackawanna Valley Coal Company, and is 
a member of the coal firm of William Council & 
Co. He was a trustee of Lafayette College, and 
has served as president and director of the Y. 
M. C. A. of Scranton. Since 1866 he has been 
an elder in the First Presbyterian Church of 
Scranton, and in foui" sessions of the general as- 
sembly of the denomination represented the 
presbytery of Lackawanna, serving on important 
committees. As president of the Lackawanna 
< ounty Bible Society, he has rendered effective 
service in that important phase of religious work. 

September 11, 1861, Judge Hand married 
Fhcbe A., daughter of Hon. William Jessup, of 
Montrose, Pa. .She died April 25, 1872. Flis 
present wife was Helen E., daughter of Freder- 

ick .Sanderson, of Beloit, Wis., and a native f)f 
Williamstown, ]\Iass. Fie is the father of eight 
living children: Horace E., who graduated 
from Yale in 1884, and is a member of the law 
firm of Jessup & Hand, of Scranton; William J., 
a graduate of Yale, class of 1887; Alfred, who 
graduated from Yale in 1888, and the University 
iif Pennsylvania in 1892, now practicing medicine 
in Philadclpiiia; Harriet J., Charlotte, Miles T., 
Helen S., and Ruth B. 

While a pronounced advocate of Republican 
principles. Judge Hand has never sought ot^icial 
preferment, and the positions held by him have 
been of a judicial, not of a political nature. His 
able services as justice of the supreme court 
of the state entitles him to high rank among the 
])ronihient jurists of Pennsylvania. The wisdom 
of the governor's selection in the appointment of 
Judge Haufl was vindicated by his able service 
and he proved himself to be the peer of any 
member of that august tribunal. Among his 
noticeable characteristics are his investigating 
mind, legal erudition, tireless application, fixed 
determination to discover potential facts and to 
penetrate the inmost recesses of subjects con- 
nected with the case in hand. 

FRANK M. VANDLING. That persistent 
industry and good judgment almost in- 
variably bring success is a fact, the truth 
of which has never been disputed, and upon the 
possessor of these traits of character fortune 
usually bestows her blessings. Doubtless to these 
qualities, more than to anything else, is due the 
prosjjerity which has been attained by Mr. Vand- 
ling, of Scranton. Since June i, 1893, he has 
held the office of postmaster, which responsible 
position he is filling efficiently and successfully. 
He was first commissioned until the appointment 
could be confirmed by the senate, which was 
done in the silver session of the fall of 1893, and 
he was then given a new commission, dated Sep- 
tember 18, 1893, for four years. At the time he 
took the position the new federal building was 
almost completed, and he superintended the re- 
mainder of the work and the furnishing of the 
rooms. His force of carriers has been increased 



from twenty-six to thirty-four, and the number 
of clerks from twelve to sixteen, the business, 
meantime, an increase oi thirty thou- 
sand, from $77,000 to $107,000. 

Mr. V'andling was born in Harrisburg, Pa., 
October 29, 1865, a son of John and Mary 
(Jack) Vandling, natives of Northumberland 
County and tlie city of Harrisburg respectively. 
The former, when a young man, settled in Harris- 
burg, and engaged in the occupation of a car- 
penter and builder until his death, in 1889. His 
wife passed away in 1884. They were the parents 
of four sons and three daughters, of whom tlie 
subject of this record was the third son. The 
paternal grandfather, John Vandling, was a r.a- 
tive of Northumberland County, where he was a 
carpenter and builder. He died in Harrisburg. 

After having attended the public schools of 
Harrisburg for some years, our subject learned 
telegraphy in the Western Union Telegraph 
office at Hairisburg and at the age of sixteen, 
in 1882, was appointed operator for the Delaware 
& Hudson Canal Company at Providence. Al- 
most immediately, however, he was made weigh- 
master and coal inspector of the same company 
at Moosic. A year later he became general coal 
inspector for the company on the Wilkesbarre 
Division, continuing in that position, with head- 
quarters in Scranton, from August, 1883, until he 
was made postmaster ten years later. The posi- . 
tion was one of responsibility, from eight to nine 
thousand tons of coal being shipped from the 
division every day. May 18, 1893, he was ap- 
pointed postmaster by President Cleveland, this 
being the president's first important appointment 
in the state. 

At Scranton occurred the marriage of Mr. 
\'andling to Miss Helen J. von Storch, daughter 
of Theodore von Storch, a large real estate oper- 
ator here. They are the parents of two children, 
Theodore and Margaret. Fraternally Mr. Vand- 
ling is connected with Hiram Lodge, F. & A. M., 
in which he has passed the chairs, and is a mem- 
ber of Melita Commandery, K. T., and the Con- 
sistory in Scranton. He is also identified with the 
Benevolent Protective Order of Elks, is presi- 
dent of the Scranton Rowing Association, a char- 
ter member of the Scranton Club, and chairman 

of the board of directors of the Scranton Bicycle 
Club. Politically a Democrat, he was a member 
of the common council for two terms, having 
been elected during his residence in Provi- 
dence and when just twenty-one. His elec- 
tion was especially remarkable, as the ward was 
strongly Republican. I'rtjm 1886 until 1893 he 
was a member of the county committee, and was 
its chairman, secretary and treasurer at different 
times. Frequently he has served as delegate to 
local conventions and has acted in that capacity 
at every state convention sincf he entered politics. 
In 1892 he was a delegate to the Democratic na- 
tional convention at Chicago that nominated 
Cleveland. He is also an active member of the 
city central committee. In 189 1 he was a mem- 
ber of the Democratic state central committee that 
elected Harrity national committeeman to suc- 
ceed William L. Scott. In 1890 he was president 
of the Central Democratic Club. 

CAPT. FRED J. AMSDEN, of Scranton, 
was born in Rome, N. Y., June 19, 1841, 
and is a descendant of one of two broth- 
ers, who in 1700 emigrated to this country, set- 
tling in Alassachusetts. The remote ancestrj' had 
resided in Wales, though for several generations 
afterward the forefathers lived in Scotland. The 
Captain's father, Joel Amsden, was born in Rut- 
land, Vt., and graduated from the Norwich Mili- 
tary University, becoming a civil engineer. He 
was resident engineer of the Black River canal, 
a branch of Erie canal in New York, and while 
there was brigade inspector of militia, with the 
rank of major, on the staff of the brigadier-gen- 
eral. Removing to Charlestown, Mass., he had 
charge of tlie engineering of Turbine water- 
works there, and was then civil engineer at the 
Glendon Iron Works near Easton. In 1850 he 
was induced by Col. George W. Scranton to 
come to Scranton and the following year brought 
his family here, where he laid out Scranton 
proper, mapping the streets as they are now. 
Later he became the resident engineer of the 
north and south sections of the Delaware, Lacka- 
wanna & Western Railroad, between the Nichol- 
son tunnel and Pocono Motmtam. After the 



death of Major McNiel he became chief engineer 
of the road, in which capacity lie served until rc- 
heved by James Archbald, the general agent. 

Later engaging in the private practice of civil 
engineering and architecture, Joel Amsden 
erected a large number of buildings in Scranton, 
many of which still stand. In 1853 he erected a 
house on the corner of Lackawanna and Wash- 
ington Avenues, and there he had his office until 
he died, in December, 1868. Since then the resi- 
dence has been utilized for business purposes, 
and is one of the oWest buildings in Lackawanna 
Avenue today. For years he was borough en- 
gineer and became the first city engineer, holding 
the position until his death. As an architect he 
designed many buildings in different parts of 
this state and Xew York. In religious belief he 
was a member of the First Presbyterian Church. 
Politically he was a Jacksonian Democrat and 
was one of the original Republicans of the com- 
munity. In 1853 he established the first book 
store here and while carrying on that business 
he was appointed postmaster to succeed John W. 
Moore, but served only a few months. 

The mother of our subject bore the maiden 
name of Anna Theresa Power and was born in 
County \\'aterford, Ireland, being a daughter of 
Nicholas and Catherine Power. She was edu- 
cated in New York State, was a consistent mem- 
ber of the Presbyterian Church, and died in 
Scranton in June, 1882. Of her three sons and 
tw'O daughters, Fred J. is the sole survivor. 
Charles J. died in early manhood; Mrs. McFar- 
lane, of Canada, died in Los Angeles. Frank P., 
who was captain of Battery G, First Pennsylvania 
Light Artillery, entered the service as first lieu- 
tenant of Battery H., but was transferred to and 
became captain of Company G, and resigned on 
account of disability, returning to Scranton after 
the battle of Chancellorsville, in May, 1863; he 
continued as an architect and civil engineer until 
his death in March, 1895. 

The subject of this sketch accompanied his 
parents to Boston, Mass., Fasten, Pa., and finally, 
in April, 1851, to Slocums Hollow (now Scran- 
ton), where he received his early education in 
the private schools. Later he was a student in 
Prof. R. E. Rice's Academy at Stamford, Conn. 

He fitted himself for his profession of civil en- 
gineering and architecture in the office of his 
father. August 26, 1862, he was commissioned 
second lieutenant of the One Hundred and 
Thirty-sixth Pennsylvania Infantry, and was pro- 
moted to be first lieutenant April i, 1863, and 
mustered out May 29 of the same year, having 
passed through the battles of Fredericksburg 
and Chancellorsville. He was commissioned 
second lieutenant of the signal corps, U. S. A., 
Octol)er 3. 1863, to rank from March 3, 1863, 
breveted first lieutenant United States Volun- 
teers, March 13, 1865, "for gallantly maintaining 
his position under great exposure, on James 
River signal tower, while his station was for some 
time deliberately cannonaded by the rebel bat- 
teries." March 13, 1865, he was breveted cap- 
tain of United States Volunteers, "for gallant and 
meritorious services during tlie war." He saw 
service along the Atlantic coast in the department 
of the south and in the tenth, eighteenth, twenty- 
fourth and twenty-fifth army corps, in Virginia, 
at I'ort \\'altlial, Swift Creek, Drewry's Bluff, 
Bernnida Hundred, Cold Harbor, Weir Bottom 
Church, siege of Petersburg, Mine Explosion, 
Chapin's Farm, Fair Oaks, Ft. Gregg and fall of 
Petersburg, Farmville, Rice's Station and Ap- 
pomattox C. H., being chief signal officer, twenty- 
fourth army corps. He was present at the sur- 
render of Lee and finally in the Powder River 
expedition against the Sioux, Cheyenne and Ar- 
rajiahoe Indians in Montana in the fall of 1865. 
On the 8th of December of that year he was mus- 
tered out at Ft. Leavenworth, Kan. 

In April, 1866, Captain Amsden took charge 
of the drafting office of the Delaware, Lacka- 
wanna & Western Railroad machine and car 
shops, but resigned in April, 1868, to accept a 
position in the office of his father, whose death 
occurred in December of the same year. Since 
that time he has carried on the business of civil 
engineering (being city surveyor 1 869-1 876) and 
architecture, devoting himself, however, since 
1876 entirely to architecture. Many of the best 
and finest buildings in the Lackawanna and Wyo- 
ming valleys bear testimony to his skill in his 

Fraternally Captain Amsden is past master of 



Union Lodge No. 291, F. & A. M., is P. D. D. 
G. M. of Pennsylvania, past high priest of Lacka- 
wanna Chapter No. 185, R. A. M., past eminent 
commander of Coeur de Leon Commandery No. 
17, K. T., past commander of Lieut. Ezra S. Grif- 
fin Post No. 139, G. A. R., past junior vice-com- 
mander of the department of Pennsylvania, and 
has been honored by the department commander 
at various times by staft" appointments, and by 
the commander-in-chief as an aide-de-camp on 
the national staff. He has drawn the plan? for 
most of the Catholic churches in this diocese, and 
the first Catholic church of any size, the St. 
Peter's Cathedral, was designed by his father. In 
1894, in Scranton, he man-ied Miss L. May 
Davies, who was born in Carbondale and is a 
meniber of an old family of the county. 

is the most highly prized gift bestowed 
upon us by nature and it is a matter of 
the most vital importance that we should know 
how to preserve it or to regain it when lost. In 
the latter case medical science must frequently 
be resorted to and the services of a physician em- 
ployed. Tlie medical profession is therefore one 
of the greatest importance, and he who engages 
in it conscientiously, earnestly and energetically, 
is entitled to the respect of every citizen. Of Dr. 
I-Ieilner it may be said that he is a conscientious 
physician, careful in diagnosis, accurate in treat- 
ment. He is a disciple of the homeopathic school, 
and is one of its prominent representatives in 

The birth of H. F. Heilner occurred in Middle- 
port, Schuylkill County, Pa., in 1864. He is of 
German descent, his grandfather, Benjamin Heil- 
ner, a native of Germany, having come to Amer- 
ica in early manhood and settled in Tamaqua, 
Pa., where he became a coal operator, but after 
a time he withdrew from that business. He was 
chosen to sen--e as associate judge of Schuylkill 
County and on the conclusion of those duties, he 
retired to private life, remaining in Tamaqua 
until his death. 

The father of our subject, I. N. Heilner, was 
born in Taniaqua, Pa., and engaged in merchan- 

dising in Middleport. For ten months during the 
war he served in a Pennsylvania regiment, rank- 
ing as quartermaster sergeant. After the war he 
removed to Shamokin, Pa., where he has since 
carried on a mercantile business. Politically he 
afTfiliates with the Democrats. His wife, Elmira 
x\melia Guiterman, was born in Schuylkill 
County, where she was reared and married. Her 
father, Henry, was born in Germany and on com- 
ing to Pennsylvania became a coal operator in 
Ft. Carborn, of which place he was an early set- 

Of seven living children the subject of this 
sketch is the third. He received his education in 
Shamokin, graduating from the high school in 
1883. Fle then began the study of medicine un- 
der Dr. H. M. Harpel, of Shamokin, and in 1884 
entered Hahnemann Medical College of Phila- 
delphia, frc ni which he graduated in 1887 with 
the degree of M. D. His course ivas thorough, 
embracing every regular study, in addition to 
which he received extra diplomas. Immediately 
after receiving his degree he went south- and 
practiced in Macon and Atlanta, Ga., until 1889, 
being a member of the Atlanta Medical Club. 
In February, 1889, he returned north and opened 
an office in Scranton, where he has since engaged 
in general practice. For a time he was president 
of the Northeastern Homeopathic Medical So- 
ciety of Pennsylvania, before which he read a 
number of papers and by whose members he was 
recognized as one of the rising lights of the pro- 
fession. Since 1887 he has been identified with 
the American Institute of Homeopathy, and he 
is also connected with the Inter-State Homeo- 
pathic Medical Society. In religion he is actively 
connected with the First Presbyterian Church, 
and fraternally is associated with Peter William- 
son Lodge No. 323, F. & A. M. 

WILLIAM J. WELSH. As a leading 
citizen of Scranton, one who has for 
years thoroughly identified himself 
with its best interests, his far-reaching enterprise, 
aptitude for affairs and broad public spirit being 
potent in advancing its welfare in various direc- 
tions, the name of W. J. Welsh is inseparably 



linked with its growth and progress. Especially 
has he been active in advancing the educational 
interests of the city, and through his energy and 
sound judgment the welfare of the public schools 
has been materially promoted. In December, 
i8f)3, he was nominated, and in February, 1894, 
elected, after a spirited contest, a member of the 
board of school control from the ninth ward, in 
which capacity he has since served. In 1895-96 
he was ciiairman of the building committee for 
the new high school, and he is also serving on 
the high school and insurance committees, being 
active in every department connected with the 

The Welsh family originated in England, the 
first representatives settling in New Jersey. John 
Welsh, who was a son of the founder of the 
family in this country, was born in New Jersey, 
served with valor in the Revolution, removed to 
Minersville, .Schuylkill County, Pa., where he 
became one of the first employes of the Reading 
Railroad Company; he died at eighty-four years. 
His son, Morgan L., our subject's father, was 
bom in New Jersey, but grew to manhood in 
Pennsylvania, where he was employed as a mine 
foreman until his death. He married Lucetta 
Fertig, daughter of John Fertig, who was a 
farmer of Schuylkill Haven, Schuylkill County, 
Pa. Both died in Scranton. Of their tliree chil- 
dren, Mrs. J. Orf lives in this city. George W. 
was a member of the Thirteenth Pennsylvania 
Infantry under Colonel Shepherd during the late 
war, being second lieutenant of his company. At 
the expiration of his term of service he was 
honorably discharged in Savannah, where lie 
died of the black fever while waiting a few da)s 
for a comrade's discharge. 

The subject of this sketch was born in Miners- 
ville, Pa., November 5, 1850. He remained there 
until fifteen years of age, coming to Scranton 
July 12, 1866. Here, until 1878, he was employed 
in the marlcet business with D. W. Sheld & Co. 
I'Vom that lime until j<S82 he was city agent for 
the Norihwistern Mutual Life Insurance Com- 
])any of Milwaukee, and upon the resignation of 
Cajit. J. W. Howell, now of San Francisco, as 
general agent, he succeeded to the position, 
which he has since held. The headquarters are 

in Scranton, with branch offices at Wilkesbarre 
and Easton, and he has seven agents in the coun- 
ties of Lackawanna, Luzerne, Wyoming and 
Northampton. The Northwestern has been rep- 
resented in Scranton for thirty years and until 
recently was the only life insurance company that 
had an agency here, but though others are now 
representerr, it still has the lead in amount of 
business done. A number of years ago Mr. 
Welsh paid the second life policy issued by the 
company in this city. The office of the agency is 
in the Mears Building. 

In .Scranton Mr. Welsh married Miss Annie E. 
Werner, who was born here, and they are the 
parents of two children, William J., Jr., member 
of the class of 1897, Scranton high school; and 
Jessie L. Mrs. Welsh is a daughter of John Wer- 
ner, a native of Germany, who emigrated to 
America, settled in Scranton, and was a con- 
tractor here until he retired from active business. 
I'Yaternally Mr. Welsh is identified with the 
Knights of Pythias, being a past officer in the 
lodge at Scranton. Fle is a prominent member 
of the Masonic order, belongs to Union Lodge 
No. 291, F. & A. M., and has attained to the 
thirty-second degree in Masonry. In politics he 
has always upheld Republican principles, be- 
lieving that the doctrines enunciated by that party 
will best subserve the interests of the people. His 
religious belief inclines him toward the Metho- 
dist Episcopal Church, but he usually attends the 
English Lutheran Church, of which his wife is a 

DR. GEORGE E. HILL. In every depart- 
ment of human activity Scranton may 
boast of successful and eminent citizens, 
whose superior talents have promoted the world's 
progress, whose abilities have won wide recog- 
nition and whose culture has brought them the 
admiration of many to whom they are personally 
unknown. Such a one is Dr. Hill, "the Albany 
dentist," as he is frequently called. He especially 
merits mention on account of the fact that he 
was the first to establish and conduct dental offi- 
ces in departments. His Scranton office is di- 
vided into (lifTerent departments, operating, fill- 



ing, crown and bridge work and tlic manufacture 
of plates, with a specialist at tlie head of each. At 
one time he had twenty-two offices in different 
cities in the United States, all conducted on the 
department plan by skilled men whom he em- 
ployed. At Cincinnati, Ohio, he has an office at 
No. 136 West Fourth Street, and he also has one 
of the finest offices in Philadelphia, while a few 
years ago he had the largest office in Chicago. 
The secret of his success is his method of work 
by departments, which has proved a popular and 
successful plan, and is being rapidly adopted by 
the members of the profession in all large cities. 

Born in Coxsackie, Greene County, N. Y., the 
subject of this sketch is a son of Dr. L. W. Hill, a 
native of Delaware County, N. Y., and for forty- 
four years a successful dentist. The grandfather, 
Isaac Hill, was born in Connecticut and with his 
wife, Betsey, became an early settler of Delaware 
County, his father, Isaac Plill, Sr., also locating 
on a farm in that county. The latter was the son 
of an Englishman, who emigrated to America 
and made settlement in Connecticut. One of the 
members of the family was a colonel in the Revo- 
lution and commanded his regiment in the en- 
gagement at -Saratoga, as well as in other battles 
of the war. Isaac Hill, Jr., though a farmer by 
occupation, devoted much of his time to hunting 
and trapping, in which way he not only pro- 
vided the family with meats, but added substan- 
tially to his income. Two of his sons became well 
known physicians and two others were successful 

For a time Dr. L. W. Hill practiced his pro- 
fession in Coxsackie and then was similarly en- 
gaged at Flushing, L. I. His last days were 
spent in retirement at Coxsackie, where he died 
about 1878. He married Sally A. Finch, a na- 
tive of Coxsackie, N. Y., whose father, Newman 
Finch, was well known among the people of his 
day, and whose maternal ancestors, the Waldrons, 
were of German origin. She died in Coxsackie 
about the time of her husband's demise, leaving 
three sons and three daughters, of whom Drs. 
Newman H. and W. L. are dentists respectively 
of Kingston and Binghamton, N. Y., and a 
daughter is the wife of J- W. Joslyn, D. D. S., of 

The youngest son of the family is the subject 
of this sketch. He attended the public and high 
schools of Coxsackie, and afterward entered the 
medical college at Albany, where he remained for 
three terms. From boyhood he assisted his father 
in the business, his natural adaptation for which 
may be inferred from the fact that he pulled a 
tooth when only nine years of age. He studied 
under hjs father and quickly gained a complete 
knowledge of the profession, the practice of 
which he began for himself at the age of twenty- 
one. After some time in Albany he went to Bing- 
hamton, where he remained for two years, and 
then, in December, 1882, he came to Scranton, 
his present home. 

For years Dr. Hill has spent his winters in 
Indianola, Fla., where he has an orange grove 
and residence, with fine hunting grounds in the 
immediate vicinity. Adjoining Scranton, on a 
nine-acre tract, he has built a "hunter's home," 
where he entertains his friends in hunter's style. 
He has traveled extensively throughout the en- 
tire country and has hunted bufifalo in the Yel- 
lowstone Park, as well as enjoyed that sport in 
other parts of the great west. Fraternally he is 
connected with the Benevolent Protective Order 
of Elks; Knights of Pythias, uniformed rank; 
Coeur de Lion Commandery No. 17, and has 
attained the thirty-second degree. He is a 
member of the board of trade of Scran- 
ton, and politically is an advocate of Demo- 
cratic principles. In religion he is identified with 
the Elm Park Methodist Episcopal Church. His 
marriage united him with Miss CeHa A. Hoose, 
of Coxsackie, N. Y., an accomplished lady, whose 
paintings adorn their parlors and prove her abil- 
ity as an artist. They have one son, C. L., who 
is associated with his father under the firm name 
of Hill & Son and who is also prominent in the 
Masonic fraternity, having attained the thirty- 
second degree. 

AARON B. KIERSTEAD. Scranton is the 
home of many gentlemen of fine natural 
abilities, thorough education and business 
energy, who in various fields of industry are ac- 
quiring enviable reputations and gaining well- 



deserved success. Among this number we pre- 
sent the name and life sketch of A. B. Kier- 
stead, one of the influential business men of the 
place. In 1888 he started in business for him- 
self as a contractor and builder and during the 
busy season gives employment to between one 
hundred and fifty and one hundred and eighty 
men. Among the buildings for which he has 
had the contract for the mason and iron work 
are the residence of Douglass Jay in Spruce 
street, the Pennsylvania Coal Company's office 
Xo. 6, Carney & Brown building, Carbondale 
silk mill, the Leader Building in Carbondale, 
Peter Krantz brewery addition and the chapel 
at Hillside Home. 

The Kierstead family is of Holland-Dutch 
origin. The great-grandfather of our subject, 
Aaron Kierstead, was a farmer at Fairfield, N. J., 
and our subject has in his possession his com- 
mission as a captain in the Revolution. He was 
a descendant of one of tiirec brothers who emi- 
grated from Holland, one settling in New York, 
another in New Jersey, while the third, who 
went south, was never after heard from. Hans 
Kierstead married Sarah, the eldest child of 
Anneke Jans. Our subject's grandfather, Aaron, 
was born in Fairfield, N. J., and was an only son; 
he spent his life in his native place, following ag- 
ricultural pursuits. 

Our suljject's father, J. O. Kierstead, also an 
only son and a native of Fairfield, N. J., was an 
ajjprentice to the mason's trade in Newark for 
four years and two months, the indenture, which 
is now in our subject's possession, being drawn 
up when the apprentice was sixteen years and 
ten months old. In return for his services he was 
given his board, clothes and $30 each year. Be- 
fore his apprenticeship terminated he became 
foreman on jobs. In 1850 he came to Scranton 
to work on the Wyoming House and later with 
Jacob Bryant finished the job. On settling here 
he bought property and built a home in Spruce 
Street, then in the woods. Continuing his part- 
nership with Mr. Bryant, they became the largest 
contractors of their day, having the contracts for 
the Hon. J. A. Scranton dwelling, the Perrott 
Block, Delaware, Lackawanna & Western foun- 
dry and the most important public structures 

and private residences. lie was superintendent 
of the government building in Scranton in 1894, 
when his death occurred. His wife, Sarah, was 
born in Chinchilla, this county, and was of Eng- 
lish descent; she was a daughter of Benjamin 
Leach, a native of Pennsylvania, and a farmer, 
coal dealer and lumberman, who died at eighty- 
seven years of age. She is still living and makes 
her home with her only son, our subject. Her 
daughters are Sarah, Mrs. C. I. Hudson; Nellie, 
wife of Philip Hiss, president of the P. Hanson 
Hiss Manufacturing Company, of Baltimore; and 
Grace, of Scranton. 

For many years J. O. Kierstead rendered the 
Republican party active service. While a mem- 
ber of the assembly, in 1874 and 1875, he helped 
secure the passage of the bill separating Lacka- 
wanna County from Luzerne. Socially he was 
a Mason and Odd Fellow, and in religious belief 
a member of the Second Presbyterian Church. 
His honorable and useful life endeared him to 
the citizens of Scranton and his death was uni- 
^■ersally mourned as a public loss. 

After completing his education in the academy 
at Newton, N. J., the subject of this sketch was 
employed as a clerk in Scranton until 1877, when 
he went west as traveling salesman for Schuster, 
Tootle & Co., wholesale clothiers, this position 
being given him as a result of his promptness in 
filling an engagement. For three years he trav- 
eled in Colorado and New Mexico, and as there 
were no railroads then, traveling was slow and 
tedious. He usually started from Trinidad and 
ended his route at El Paso, traveling sixteen hun- 
dred miles in three months. He went to Las 
Vegas on the first train entering that place, and 
also visited Albuquerque and Ft. Wingate, 
where he was offered a partnership, but the 
"boom" being on in Pueblo, he declined to go 
to the former place. His father started the first 
hat store in Pueblo, his son Aaron assuming 
charge of same, and he sold the first stifi: hat 
in the town. After two and one-half years there, 
he WTUt to Wyoming Territory, his father hav- 
ing bought the Brown ranch, twenty miles west 
of Laramie. After operating it a year the father 
sold out and Aaron B. went to the Pacific Coast 
In 1884 he returned to Scranton, intending to 




RDlilvKT T. I'.I.ACK. 



engage in business with his father, but first 
learned the brick mason's trade. In 1888 he en- 
gaged in business for himself, and is now located 
at No. 421 Lackawanna Avenue. 

In Baldwinsville, N. Y., Mr. Kierstead married 
Miss Emma E. Barnes, daughter of Friend 
Barnes, a fanner and member of an old family 
of Onondaga County. They are the parents of 
three children, Friend, Edra and Irene. In ad- 
dition to his work here, Mr. Kierstead has had 
important contracts in other places, including 
New York City. He was one of ihe original 
members of the Builders Exchange of Scranton. 
Prior to going west, he was a member of the 
Scranton City Guard, comprising Company C 
of the Thirteenth Regiment. Fraternally he be- 
longs to Union Lodge No. 291, F. & A. M., 
and in politics is a stanch Republican. 

ROBERT T. BLACK. During the period 
of his residence in Scranton, Mr. Black 
has been identified with many of the lead- 
ing enterprises for the advancement of city and 
country, and has given his support to all plans 
for the promotion of the welfare of the people. 
He assisted in the organization of the Second 
National Bank of Wilkesbarre and served as one 
of its directors for more than twenty years. In 
the Vulcan Iron Works he holds an interest, and 
at different times served as vice-president and 
president of the Lackawanna Valley Bank; he 
was filling the latter position at the time of its 
reorganization as the Lackawanna Trust & Safe 
Deposit Company, and is still a director in the 
concern. While he has been liberal and gener- 
ous, prompt in contributing to charity, he has 
retained a sufficient amount of property to pro- 
vide his declining years with every comfort. His 
home contains many luxuries, not the least of 
which is his carefully selected library, and many 
of his own and his wife's happiest hours are 
spent in the perusal of the best literature of this 
and other ages. 

The Black family originated in Scotland, 
whence Gen. Tames Black went to Ireland in the 
time of Oliver Cromwell and became the pro- 
prietor of two townships there. Our subject's 


father, Joseph, was a son of Peter Black, a native 
of County Donegal, and a farmer by occupation. 
The former was engaged in the manufacture of 
linen, w hich he sold to the wholesale trade. He 
died at the age of fifty-six. His wife, who bore 
the maiden name of Jean M. Spencer, was a 
daughter of John Spencer and a descendant of 
Scotch forefathers. Late in life she came to 
America, and died -in Springfield, Ohio, at an 
advanced age. 

The family of Joseph and Jean M. Black con- 
sisted of ten sons and two daughters, namely: 
John, a wholesale merchant, who died in Phila- 
delphia; Peter, a merchant of Zanesville, Ohio, 
where he died; Robert T. ; Joseph, a merchant 
and banker, who died in Detroit; Alexander, 
who died while on a prospecting tour in South 
America; Andrew, William and Samuel, all mer- 
chants, who died in Springfield, Ohio; Moses, a 
merchant and manufacturer of Mansfield, Ohio; 
Mrs. Anna Jean Grant, of Zanesville, Ohio; 
Thomas, who was a captain in the Twenty-third 
Ohio Infantry during the Civil War and was 
wounded in service, now a wholesale merchant 
of Zanesville; Bella, whose home is in Zanes- 

The subject of this sketch was born October 
I, 1821, at Rath Melton, six miles from London- 
derry, in County Donegal, Ireland. In boyhood 
he attended the school in which Robert Bonner 
was also a pupil, the two Hving in the same 
square. In 1842 he took passage on the sailer 
"Lafayette," from Londonderry, and after a voy- 
age of six weeks arrived in Philadelphia, from 
which city he proceeded to Ohio. After clerking 
for a time in the store owned by his brothers, 
John and Peter, in Zanesville, he took charge 
of a store in McConnellsville, Ohio, and a few 
years later went to Springfield, the same state, 
where he began in the retail mercantile trade. 
During the eight years he remained there he met 
with excellent success, that encouraged him tg 
seek a larger field for work. Going to Philadel- 
phia, he embarked in the wholesale dry-goods 
business, purchasing an interest in the firm of 
Eschrick, Penn & Co., that had been in existence 
since 181 1. He became the active manager of 
the concern, and its prosperity was largely en- 



hanced by his sound judgment. In 1861 he sold 
his interest in the business to his I)rotlicr, and 
five years later changed his residence to Wilkes- 
barre. There, for a year, lie was interested in 
the N'ulcan Iron Works and later in the coal busi- 

About 1867 Mr. Black came to Scranton, where 
he has resided continuously since. For some 
time he was connected with two brothers-in-law 
in coal operations at Minooka and was treasurer 
and general manager of the Pennsylvania & Sus- 
quehanna Coal Company. At first there was but 
one colliery, but he liuilt anollior and operated 
the two for a number of years, making shi]>mcnts 
by the Delaware & Hudson and the Delaware. 
Lackawanna & Western. About 1878 he sold 
his interest in the company. For si.x years he 
represented the eighth ward upon the board of 
school control, and also held the position of 
member of the poor board, but resigned it after a 
time. While he is an ardent Republican in ])olit- 
ical views, he has steadily refused nomination 
for local offices and has never consented to the 
use of his name in connection with ])uljlic ])osi- 
tions. He is a Presbyterian and holds uKnihtr- 
ship in the First Church of Scranton. 

In Wyoming, Luzerne County, occurred the 
marriage of Mr. Black to Miss C. A. Perkins, 
who is an accomplished lady of refined tastes and 
culture, and conceded to be the finest musical 
critic in Scranton. She was the youngest of a 
family that comprised si.x daughters and one son, 
and by her marriage has three children : Thomas 
A.; Robert T., Jr., who is engaged in the mer- 
cantile business in Scranton; and Mrs. Mary J. 
Judson, of New York City. The Perkins family 
is one of the oldest in the state, and .some of its 
members were present at the massacre in the 
Wyoming Valley. The first of the name to settle 
here was the great-grandfather of Mrs. Black, 
who came from Massachusetts, and was num- 
bered among the pioneers of the Wyoming Val- 
ley; he was killed in the massacre there. He had 
a son, Aaron, who took part in the Revolution- 
ary War. Another son, David, was the fatlier of 
John Perkins, a large land owner and prominent 
citizen of Wyoming, where he died. The latter 
married Eunice, daughter of jolni and .Sarah 

(Patterson) Miller, who came to Pennsylvania 
from New England and settled in Wyoming. 
John and liunice Perkins were highly respected 
residents of Wyoming, tlicir many noble traits 
of character wiiming them the esteem of all with 
whom they came in contact. Their children, of 
whom Mrs. Black was the youngest, were care- 
fully reared and trained for honorable positions 
in societv and in the business world. 

Scranton Medical and Surgical Institute, 
of \vhich Dr. Alexander is the proprietor, 
was established in 1891 and is situated on the 
corner of Penn Avenue and Spruce Street. The 
entire first floor is occupied with reception, con- 
sultation, examining, and operating rooms and 
laboratory, and a specialty is made of chronic 
diseases. The patients come not alone from 
-Scranton and the adjoining villages, but from 
other counties and some from New York State. 

Of southern birth and parentage. Dr. Alexan- 
der was born in Chester, S. C, in 1866, and is a 
son of Sample and Lucie (Clawson) Alexander, 
natives respectively of I\Iecklenburg, N. C, and 
South Carolina. His maternal grandfather, Wil- 
liam Clawson, was an attorney-at-law in South 
Carolina, and his paternal grandfather, a native 
of Scotland, emigrated to North Carolina, where 
he became a prominent planter. Sample Alex- 
ander spent his active life in Chester, S. C, where 
he was engaged in the wholesale and retail dry- 
goods business and was also a successful cotton 
merchant. He continued in the business until 
his death, whicli occurred in 1877. Twice mar- 
ried, by his second union he had two children. 
Rev. William Alexander, pastor of the Presby- 
terian Church in Concord, N. C, and Dr. Thomas 
L., of this sketch. 

Reared in Chester, our subject attended the 
public and high schools, and on completing his 
literary education began the study of medicine 
under Dr. Babcock of Chester. In 1886 he en- 
tered the University of the City of New York 
and three years later graduated from the medical 
department with the degree of ]\I. D. During the 
time he in college he took a special course 



in surgery, physical diagnosis and chemistry, also 
in diseases of the eye, ear and throat. After 
graduating he continued his special studies of 
the eye, ear and throat for one year as a post- 
graduate, having access to all the hospitals. In 
1890 he began to practice in Chester, but after 
a year came to Scranton, where he opened a med- 
ical and surgical institute. 

In South Carolina Dr. Alexander married 
Miss Mary D. Cannon, who was bom there, and 
they have one child, a daughter, Lucie. Mrs. 
Alexander is a daughter of Dr. W. S. Cannon, 
a graduate of the University of Georgia and a 
practicing physician of Ellenton, S. C. While 
in Chester Dr. Alexander united with Chester 
Lodge No. 18, F. & A. M. In religious belief 
he is a member of the First Presbyterian Cluirch. 

JAMES P. LOFTUS, superintendent of 
mines of the Delaware & Hudson Canal 
Company, was born January 4, 1861, in the 
city of Carbondale, where he has since resided. 
His father, Patrick Loftus, who was born in 
County INIayo, Ireland, in 1820, came to America 
in young manhood and was one of the first coal 
miners in the Carbondale fields for the Delaware 
& Hudson Canal Company. Shortly afterward 
his parents and brothers and sisters joined him. 
In 1847 lis was one of the miners who experi- 
enced the horrors of America's first great mine 
disaster, when such great loss of life took place. 
After having been confined for several days he 
was finally rescued. He lived many years after- 
ward, dying in 1890, having been connected with 
the mines throughout his entire active life. His 
wife, who bore the maiden name of Ellen 
Sweeney, was born in Ireland and died in Car- 
bondale in 1892. 

The brothers of Patrick Loftus were named 
as follows: Michael, a merchant in Carbondale 
and one of the present aldermen; Thomas W., 
a school teacher residing in Olyphant and for- 
merly a member of the Pennsylvania legislature; 
Owen, who is a wealthy ranch owner of Califor- 
nia; Anthony, a farmer in Kansas; Daniel, a resi- 
dent of Carbondale and connected with the mines 
here; and James, who is employed in the mines 

at Olyphant. The family were from the sturdy 
people of Ireland as to education and social 
standing. In the family of Patrick Loftus there 
are three sons: John T., a clerk for the Hillside 
Coal Mining Company; Anthony, who is clerk- 
ing for the New York, Lake Erie & Western 
Railroad in Carbondale; and James P., of this 

Educated in the schools of Carbondale, our 
subject stood at the head of his classes and was 
known as an apt pupil. At the age of fifteen he be- 
came a driver for the Delaware & Hudson Canal 
Company and remaining with that firm steadily 
advanced from one position to another until 
1883, since which time he has efficiently and faith- 
fully filled the position of superintendent of 
mines. At the age of twenty-one he was a can- 
didate for the office of city auditor and, while 
he received a majority of the votes, through the 
incompetency or malicious acts of the election 
board in making no returns in a certain precinct 
he was counted out. This part of the city has 
since been known as '"Louisiana." While by 
taking the matter into the courts he could have 
established his right to the counting of those 
votes, he became so disgusted with the whole 
proceeding that he refused to do anything fur- 
ther, declaring he would not soon again have 
anything to do with local politics. This resolve 
he has since steadfastly adhered to, though he has 
frequently been solicited to accept city offices. 
In politics he is independent, but in the campaign 
of 1896 stood on the side of the sound money 
Democrats. He is a man of broad views and 
stands high in the community. 

In 1884 Mr. Loftus married Miss Maggie R., 
sister of Rev. James A. Mofifitt, of Scranton, and 
daughter of the late Patrick ]\Ioiifitt, one of the 
early settlers of Carbondale, having come here 
from Ireland in 1828. They and their two chil- 
dren, Joseph P. and Lydia, occupy a comfortable 
residence on Seventh Avenue. 

JOSEPH H. GUNSTER. The man who 
gains success is always wortiiy of praise, but 
especially so when he has battled against 
adversitv, surmounted hardships and conquered 



misfortune. To tlie one who comes to this coun- 
try without means or friends, the road to pros- 
perity is not rose-crowned but thoniy, and only 
the most untiring patience will bring success. Of 
Mr. Gunster it may be said that he owes his 
present standing among the business men of 
Scranton to his determination and energy, com- 
bined with sound judgment and executive ability. 

The Gunster family originated in Germany. 
I'eter. our subject's father, was born in War- 
dern, Prussia, and was a cabinetmaker by trade. 
With his wife and eight sons he emigrated to 
America, landing March 12, 1853, and at once 
came to Lackawanna County, joining our sub- 
ject here. He worked at his trade witli the lat- 
ter, until his death, at the age of si.\ty-fivc, in 
1869, the result of having been accidentally in- 
jured. In early life he served in the German 
army. His wife, Maria Birtcl. was I)orn in 
Prussia, and died in Lackawanna County in 1892, 
aged eighty-one. Their nine sons were named as 
follows: Joseph H.; Henry, a Inulder at Carlcr- 
ville, Jackson County, 111.: Edward, who is en- 
gaged in the wholesale sugar business at Wilkcs- 
barre; Peter, who is with Jlill & Connell, of 
Scranton; Leopold, who enlisted hi the Eleventh 
Connecticut Infantry, went south and took part 
in the charge on Petersburg, since which he has 
never been heard of, but it is supposed that his 
body rests in a nameless grave; Nicholas, who 
died in Scranton in early manhood; Frederick, 
an attorney, and judge of the Lackawanna courts; 
Peter Francis, a practicing physician of Scran- 
ton; and John, a 1)oat builder in Tamestown, 
N. Y. " 

A native of Lockweiler, Prussia, born August 
22, 1831, our subject was educated in the schools 
of his native place and at the age of twelve began 
to cultivate his father's farm. To escape from 
military oppression he resolved to seek a home 
in America, and accordingly took passage at 
Antwerp, making the voyage alone. Wiiilc on 
the ocean he became acquainted with William 
Becker, of Blakely, Lackawanna County, and in 
that way he decided to come here, reaching Flydc 
Park in May, 1851. His new acquaintance saw 
that he secured work, thus placing him above 
want, though the amount he received was very 

small. He was apprenticed to the cabinet- 
maker's trade under Gessner & Harrington in 
Wyoming Avenue and gave his closest attention 
to his work, his education being limited to three 
months' attendance at Wyoming Seminary. 

In the fall of 1856 Mr. Gunster .started in busi- 
ness for himself, building a store in Penn Ave- 
nue, where he began in the manufacture and 
sale of furniture, making the various articles 
from the rough lunilier. After a time he added 
the muicrtaking business, and his trade grew so 
rapidly that at times he gave employment to 
seventeen men. hi t866 he sold out, on account 
of his eyes being disabled by inflammation, and 
for some time he was confined in the Philadel- 
phia Hospital, but after eight years he finally 
recovered, to tiie surprise of all who knew the 
serious nature of the disease. 

As soon as able, Mr. Gunster again became 
interested in business affairs. He aided in the 
organization of the Scranton City Bank, of which 
lie was the first cashier, continuing in that ca- 
pacity until April i, 1882, when he resigned. 
During the same month he went to the Pacific 
Coast and traveled through the west, spending 
si.x months there. In January, 1883, h^ ^^'^s made 
deputy county treasurer under George Kinback, 
and served until January-, 1886. At that time he 
went abroad, visiting his old German home, also 
traveling through Switzerland, Italy, France, 
Austria, the Netherlands and Denmark. When 
returning, after six months, during a storm at 
sea he was knocked down by the force of the 
wind and his shoulder was dislocated by the fall. 
He returned to Scranton with his arm in a sling 
and was unable to attend to business for six 
weeks afterward. In 1887-88 he built three 
stores, Nos. 323-327 Penn Avenue, three stories 
in height, and in 1889 erected a brick shop in 
the rear. May 25, 1889, he was appointed by the 
directors and court as assignee of the Scranton 
City Bank, to the afifairs of which he has given 
his attention since. For some years he was a 
director in the Merchants & Mechanics Bank, 
in which he has been a stockliolder since its or- 

Tn this city Mr. Gunster married Miss Lucina 
Luts, who was born in Green Ridge, a daugh- 



ter of Rlicliael Luts, also a native of that place 
and a lifelong farmer there. Her grandfather 
was one of the pioneer settlers of the neighbor- 
hood, having come there from the Lehigh Val- 
ley. The five sons of Mr. and Mrs. Gunster are 
Henry J., a graduate of the Newton (N. J) 
Academy and member of the firm of Gunster 
& Forsyth, dealers in hardware at Scranton; 
Charles W., a graduate of an academy in New 
Haven, Conn., now cashier of the Merchants & 
Mechanics Bank; George N., who is with Guns- 
ter & Forsyth; Walter E., a graduate of Princeton 
College, class of 1894, and an attorney of Scran- 
ton; and Arthur, a graduate of Princeton Col- 
lege, class of 1896. 

In national issues Mr. Gunster is a Democrat 
and during the memorable campaign of 1896 was 
a supporter of the gold standard. He was the 
first president of the common council of the city 
of Scranton and was a member of the board of 
school control here, being its treasurer for one 
term. Fraternally he is past master of Schiller 
Lodge, F. & A. M., belongs to Lackawanna 
Chapter, No. 185, R. A. M.; Coeur de Lion Com- 
mandery. No. 17, K. T., is past noble grand of 
Alliance Lodge, I. O. O. F., past officer in the 
encampment, and a member of the Liederkranz. 

CAPT. JAAIES MOIR gained the title by 
which he is usually called through his 
service in the Thirteenth Regiment, 
Pennsylvania National Guard. In 1877 he was 
one of the original members of Company C, then 
known as the Scranton City Guard, and wa$ com- 
missioned from time to time until he became 
captain in 1884, in which capacity he served two 
terms of five years each. At the expiration of 
that time he resigned, in October, 1894, and was 
honorably discharged. In 1871 he came to 
Scranton. his present place of residence, where 
he worked at his trade for five years, and then 
opened a merchant tailoring establishment at 
Nos. 406-408 Lackawanna Avenue, two doors 
above his present location. In 1877 he removed 
to Nos. 400 and 402, where he has since re- 
mained, having a large and elegant stock of 
goods and can-ying on a good business. 

The Moir family is of Scotch origin. The 
Captain's paternal grandfather, John Moir, was 
a fisherman and hotel keeper on the Orkney 
Islands, off the north coast of Scotland, and his 
maternal grandfather, James Robertson, was a 
farmer of Aberdeenshire. His parents, John and 
Elspath (Robertson) Moir, were natives respect- 
ively of Orkney Islands and Aberdeenshire. The 
former, who was in the employ of the Hudson 
Bay Fur Company, spent many years as a fur 
trapper on the Saskatchewan River in British 
America. He could speak fluently the different 
Indian dialects and always evinced a friendly feel- 
ing toward the red men. He returned to Scot- 
land, where he was employed as a tailor until his 

Of seven children in the parental family, all 
attained years of maturity, but only two are liv- 
ing. The Captain, who was the eldest of the fam- 
ily, was early obliged to earn his own livelihood, 
and went from Scotland to London, where he 
worked at the tailor's trade. In 1867 he crossed 
the Atlantic and worked at his trade in Phila- 
delphia until 187 1, since which time he has re- 
sided in Scranton. Here he married Miss 
Frances Flint, a native of London, England. 
They are the parents of ten children: James S., 
a tailor; John W., who is a police officer in this 
city; Helen, Robert B., Wallace W., Franklin, 
Wilfrid, Flora, Elsie and Fannie. Robert, who 
was appointed a military cadet by the member of 
congress from Scranton, remained one year at 
West Point, but on account of having been poi- 
soned by a poison ivy he was confined in a hos- 
pital for three months, and finally was honorably 
discharged. Returning home, on his recovery 
he was appointed on the city engineer's force 
and continued in that capacity until his death in 
February, 1896. 

Captain Moir's popularity may be shown by 
the fact that he was elected six times in succes- 
sion to represent the ninth ward in the common 
council, and for two years was president of the 
council, and at different times he has served on 
important committees and is chairman of the ju- 
diciary committee. In his political affiliations he 
is a firm Republican, always voting the party 
ticket. He is a member of the Second Presby- 



terian Churcli, has been president of the Scran- 
ton Caledonian Club, is identified with the Peter 
Williamson Lodge, F". & A. M., the Scranton 
Consistory, the Independent Order of Odd Fel- 
lows, and is treasurer of the encampment and 
identified with the Patriarchs Militant. 

Hoy. JOHN P. QUINNAN. As an influ- 
riitial member of the Democratic party 
the name of Mr. Quinnan is well and fa- 
vorably Known throughout Lackawanna County. 
A man of progressive spirit, his fellow-citizens 
in Scranton are justly proud of his success. Those 
of opposite political views, while combating his 
opinions, recognize his talents and respect the 
fidelity with which he supports his party prin- 
ciples. In January, 1896, at the close of his term 
in the assembly, he formed a partnership with an- 
other attorney under the firm name of Quinnan 
& Donahoe, and now carries on a general prac- 
tice in the Mears Building. 

James and Catherine (Moyles) Quinnan, par- 
ents of our subject, were natives of County Sligo, 
Ireland, where they were reared. About 1854 
the father came to Scranton, where he was em- 
ployed as an iron worker with the Lackawanna 
Coal Company until he retired from active 
labors. He is still living and makes his home 
on the south side. After coming here he mar- 
ried Miss Moyles, by whom he has five chil- 
dren. John P., who is the eldest of the family, 
was born in the twelfth ward of Scranton, April 
18, 1859. When only five years of age he lost 
one limb in a railroad accident. On this account 
he was perhaps given better educational advan- 
tages than might otherwise have fallen to his lot. 
He graduated from the high school in 1877 
with the first honors and valedictory, after which 
he was employed as principal of school No. 2, 
the first school he had ever attended. He was 
actively connected with the local teachers' organ- 
ization and was very successful in the work. His 
leisure hours were given to the study of law 
under Hon. W. H. Stanton and in the office of 
Stokes & Hoban, and while there he was admit- 
ted to the bar in 1894. 

A Democrat in politics, Mr. Quinnan is a 

member of the executive committee of the city 
committee, has been a member of the county 
central committee, chairman of county conven- 
tions and delegate to state conventions. He was 
formerly a member of the board of health and 
for twelve years belonged to the certificate com- 
mittee of Lackawanna County, having been 
elected to this ofifice by the teachers. In 1892 
he was elected to represent the second district of 
Lackawanna County in the assembly, his op- 
ponent being F. T. Okell, Republican. He took 
his seat in 1893 and served with fidelity to the 
interests of his constituents. Among the com- 
mittees of which he was a member were those on 
vice and immorality, judicial apportionment, re- 
trenchment and reform. He assisted in the pas- 
sage of the anti-Pinkerton bill and also supported 
the firemen's bill, which passed both houses, but 
was vetoed by the governor. Fraternally he is 
identified with the Royal Arcanum, being a mem- 
ber of the Scuth Side Council. 

FRANK M. MOYER. Business men of 
Scranton, as of all enterprising cities, are 
a potent element in the development of its 
industries and draw to it such citizens as will 
enhance its prosperity. Among the contractors 
and builders of the city, to whose energy and 
skill is due the substantial appearance of our 
public buildings and private homes, mention 
properly belongs to Frank M. Moyer, who re- 
sides at No. 935 Capouse Avenue and has his 
shop in the rear of No. 320 North Washington 
Avenue. Being endowed by nature with excel- 
lent judgment and common sense, he has added 
to these qualities an enviable reputation for in- 
tegrity and honorable dealing, and his excep- 
tional business ability is recognized by his asso- 

The father of our subject, Stephen Moyer, is 
a member of an old family of Northampton 
County and was born in Elaston. For a time he 
was employed as a gunsmith in Tannersville, but 
in i860 he came to Scranton, where he was em- 
ployed by the Lackawanna Iron & Coal Com- 
pany. Upon the first call for volunteers at the 
opening of the Civil War he promptly re- 



sponded, and in February, 1861, his name was 
enrolled as a member of Company A, One Hun- 
dred and Forty-seventh Pennsylvania Infantry. 
He served faithfully until the close of tiie conflict, 
returning to his home March 15, 1865. After- 
ward he removed to Wyoming County, but 
eleven years later returned to Scranton, where 
he is still living. His wife, who bore the maiden 
name of Mary Neyhart, was born in Nazareth, 
Pa., of an old family in that locality. They were 
the parents of fourteen children, of whom six 
are living. 

The eldest member of the faniilv, Frank M., 
was born in Easton, Pa., in 1858, and from the 
age of ten has been practically self-supporting. 
When nineteen he learned the caqjenter's trade 
in Scranton, and in 1888 began contracting on 
his own account. He has continued in this occu- 
pation ever since, having contracts throughout 
the entire valley. Among those in other places 
may be mentioned the Anthracite Hotel and the 
Ontario & Western depot at Carbondale. His 
business place is in the rear of No. 320 Washing- 
ton Avenue. During the busy season he em- 
ploys from eighty-five to one hundred men, all 
skilled workmen, by which means he is enabled 
to execute his contracts promptly, efficiently 
and accurately. He has been twice married and 
has two children, Elsie and Edgar. His present 
wife was in maidenhood Isabelle Fassold and 
was born in Scranton. Fraternally Mr. Moyer 
is identified with the Benevolent Protective 
Order of Elks, Peter Williamson Lodge, F. & 
A. M., Lackawanna Chapter No. 185, R. A. M., 
and Coeur de Lion Commandery No. 17, K. T. 
In religion he is a member of the Methodist 
Episcopal Church. 

JAMES RUTHERFORD, one of the lead- 
ing dry-goods merchants of Carbondale, is 
of Scotch birth and lineage. He was born 
September 28, 1848, in the beautiful old city of 
Kelso, on the Tweed, near the border of Eng- 
land. His parents, Thomas and Isabel (Young) 
Rutherford, spent their entire lives in Scotland, 
where the former was an extensive woolen man- 
ufacturer in Kelso. The family consisted of sev- 

eral children, of whom Thomas still resides in 
Kelso, where he is engaged in the mercantile 
business; William is the gardener to Lord 
Holmes at Weybridge, England. 

Educated in his native place, as a young man 
Mr. Rutherford became a traveling salesman for 
the fimi of I. J. & G. Cooper of Manchester, 
England. In 1869 he crossed the Atlantic to 
Canada and for a time was engaged in the dry- 
goods business in London, after which he went 
to Chicago and for one year was employed in 
the dry-goods house of A. E. Thomas & Co. 
Going back to Canada, he had charge of the 
branch store of a London (Ont.) firm, near that 
city in the village of Strathroy. After having 
been the proprietor of this establishment for 
about three years, he embarked in business for 
himself at Watford, Canada, and remained some 
years in that place. His next venture was the 
purchase of the Strathroy store from his former 
employers, and two years were spent in the 
management of the enterprise there. 

On selling out, Mr. Rutherford went to Buf- 
falo, N. Y., where he clerked in a store for two 
years. Then coming to Pennsylvania, he was 
employed by the dry-goods firm of Clelland, 
Simpson & Taylor, in Scranton, for two years. 
When they established a branch at Carbondale 
called the Globe warehouse, he was taken into 
the firm as a partner and was put in charge of 
the business here. His energetic method of doing 
business has put new life into the dry-goods 
trade in Carbondale and from the first he has 
been successful. In 1890 he bought the interest 
of his partners in the Carbondale store, since 
which time he has been sole proprietor and has 
carried on a large and profitable trade. He has 
recently completed one of "the finest residences 
in Carbondale and expects to here make his per- 
manent home. 

September 15,1875, Mr. Rutherford was united 
in marriage with Miss Elizabeth J. Bailey, a na- 
tive of London, Ont., and they are the parents of 
four children, three sons and a daughter, namely.: 
Albert, who is a student at Blair's Hall, in Blairs- 
town, N. J.; Thomas Arthur, Beatrice May and 
James Bailey, who are students in the Carbon- 
dale schools. In religious belief Mr. Rutherford 



is identified with the First Presbyterian Cluircli, 
and politically is independent, supporting the 
men whom he deems best qualified to represent 
the people. While he started in life unaided ex- 
cept by his strong constitution and willing hands, 
he has met with success, which is attributed to 
his energy and industry, backed by a good share 
of common sense. In his manners he is plain 
and straightfonvard, in deportment affable and 
pleasing, and as a citizen he has the respect of 
his acquaintances. 

GEORGE G. WINANS. Not only in the 
immediate locality where he resides, but 
throughout the entire city of Scranton, 
Mr. Winans is known as an energetic and capable 
business man. who by long experience is espe- 
cially qualified for the work of which he makes 
a specialty. Since i860 he has made his home 
here, coming to the city at that time and begin- 
ning in business as a sign and house painter. In 
that capacity he gave employment, during bus\- 
seasons, to about twenty-five hands. Since 1886 
he has, however, given his attention exclusively 
to sign painting, and has the largest business of 
anyone in that line here. 

A native of New Jersey, Mr. Winans was born 
in Belvidere, Warren County, June 28, 1838. His 
father, Elihu M., who was born in Elizabeth, 
N. J., became an early settler of Belvidere, 
where he was engaged as a tinsmith and dealer 
in hardware and stoves. Thence he went to 
Philadelphia and worked in that city for fourteen 
years. In i860 he came to Scranton and estab- 
lished his home in Hyde Park, where he re- 
mained until his death. He married Charlotte 
Randolph, who was born in Belvidere, N. J., 
where her father, Abraham F., a veteran of the 
War of 1S12, was for some years a shoemaker. 
She died in New Jersey, having Ijcconie the 
mother of four children, three now living. 

Educated in the ]nil)lii- and high schools of 
Belvidere and Philailelphia, at the age of four- 
teen Mr. Winans began to learn the trade of a 
sign painter in Philadelphia, and five years later, 
on the completion of his apprenticeship, he began 
for himself in that citv. In i860 he came to 

Scranton and settled where he now resides at 
No. 521 North Main Avenue, Hyde Park. Since 
1896 the firm has been Winans & Son. He built 
the Marble Block, three stories high and con- 
taining three stores, one of which he still owns. 
At the time of the organization of the Bonta 
Glass Company at Moosic, he was one of its 
promoters, and in 1893 was sent to Europe with a 
working model. While his business was chiefly 
in Vienna, he visited London and Paris and 
points of interest on the continent, spending 
nearly two months abroad. 

In Scranton Mr. Winans married Mrs. Anna 
(Hughes) Howell, w^ho was born in England, 
being a member of an old family of Wales. Thev 
are the parents of two children, George H., and 
Mrs. Minnie J. Richart, of Scranton. The for- 
mer, who was born here, is an energetic young 
business man and is in partnership with his father 
at No. 317 Lackawanna Avenue. Though not 
active in public affairs, Mr. Winans is well in- 
formed regarding national issues and uni- 
formly supports the Democratic ticket. Having 
made a careful study of Christian science, he has 
become a convert to that belief and a firm sup- 
porter of its teachings. In Masonry he belongs 
to Lackawanna Chapter No. 185, R. A. M.. 
Coeur de Lion Commandery No. 17, K. T., and 
the Consistory. 

though still in the dawn of his profes- 
sional career. Dr. Thourot has already 
given evidence of his ability that qualifies him 
for a high place in the dental profession. Ener- 
getic, ambitious and persevering, there seems no 
reason why his unquestioned ability should not 
find full scojje in the discharge of professional du- 
ties. He is well informed in every department of 
the profession, to which he has conscientiously 
given careful thought and earnest study, in order 
that lie might prepare himself for successful work. 
The Doctor's father, C. L. Thourot, was born 
near Paris, France, and was a son of George 
Thourot, a machinist, who spent two years in 
Scranton, hut then returned to France. The 
father, who was also a machinist by trade, came 




to America in 1863 and settled in Scranton, 
where he was employed in the Dickson Works, 
first as machinist, then as draughtsman. In 
1893 he retired from active labors and has since 
resided in Dalton. He married Miss Zilpha M. 
Heller, who was born in Scranton, of an old 
Pennsylvania-German family, being a daughter 
of Samuel and a sister of Captain Heller. They 
were the parents of four children, three of whom 
are living, one son, George F., being a dental 
student under his brother. 

The subject of this sketch, who was next to 
the eldest of the family, was born and rcare'l 
in Scranton. where he attended the public and 
high schools. While still in school, he devoted 
his evenings and Saturdays to the study of 
dentistrv under Dr. Wheaton, continuing for 
eighteeii months. In 1886 he entered the Penn- 
sylvania Dental College, from which he gradu- 
ated two years later with the degree of D. D. S. 
He began the practice of his profession in Arch 
Street, Philadelphia, and in 1896 settled in Scran- 
ton, opening an office at No. 421 Lackawanna 
Avenue, where he had gained his first knowledge 
of the profession. He has every convenience for 
his work and the latest improvements for crown 
and bridge work, so that with the painstaking 
skill he gives to every detail, he cannot fail of 
success. He makes his home with his parents in 
Dalton. He is a member of the Methodist 
Church. While in Philadelphia he united with 
the Independent Order of Odd Fellows, and lie 
is also associated witli^the Knights of the Golden 

has been practicing law in Scranton since 
1876, and is a prominent member of the 
bar. His practice is very extensive in all the 
courts, though his preference is for civil law, and 
he has been engaged in some of the most im- 
portant cases connected with coal mining and 
corporations. He was born near Danville, Mon- 
tour County, Pa., October 29, 1846, and is a son 
of Jesse C. and Caroline (Strohm) Amerman. 
The first of the Amerman family to settle in 
America was his great-great-great-grandfather, 

who resided near Amsterdam, Holland, and 
came over to New York with the Dutch colon- 
ists. For a number of years from 1695 Derick 
Amerman owned and ran the ferries between 
New York and Hoboken. 

Albert Amerman, great-grandfather of Lem- 
uel, came to Pennsylvania from New Jersey and 
settled in Northumberland County in 1800, pur- 
chasing a tract of land and remaining there until 
his death, which occurred in 1821. Prior to the 
Revolution he was a farmer, but upon the break- 
ing out of the war he gave up his horses, cattle 
and other stock, a sacrifice upon the altar of his 
country's liberty. Entering the service of the 
colonies, he participated in various engagements 
and lost his knee-cap at the battle of Moimiouth. 
Henry, son of Albert Amerman, was a native of 
New Jersey, and when a small boy accompanied 
his father to Pennsylvania. He married Susan- 
na Cook, a native of Montgomery County, this 

Jesse C. Amerman, son of Henry and father of 
Lemuel, is a resident of Cooper Township, Mon- 
tour County, where he is engaged in farming 
and merchandising. In 1873-74 he represented 
Montour County in the state legislature. De- 
cember 2, 1845, he married Caroline, daughter 
of Abraham Strohm, and a descendant of an- 
cestors who emigrated from Germany and set- 
tled in Pennsylvania about 1765. She died April 
19, 1869. Born and reared on a farm, in youth 
the subject of this sketch followed the work in- 
cident to such a life, and thus acquired habits of 
industry and thrift and much practical experi- 
ence. Possessing by birth and training a good 
constitution, he has stored up such health as has 
given him much physical endurance. I"or a 
while he worked in repairing tlie canal owned by 
the Pennsylvania Canal Company, and drove 
team and clerked in a store. He acquired his 
education in the public schools and prepared for 
college at Danville Academy. Two years were 
spent in teaching school, and in 1866 he entered 
Bucknell University at Lewisburg, Pa., from 
which institution he graduated with honor in the 
class of 1870. For three years he was professor 
of ancient languages and English literature in 
the state normal school at Mansfield, Pa. 



Tlic law studies of Mr. Anierinan were begun 
in the office of the late Lewis C. Cassidy, ex-at- 
torney general of I'liinsylvania. and Pierce Ar- 
cher, Jr., of Philadelphia, where his fellow stu- 
dents were Hon. Robert E. Pattison, ex-governor 
of Pennsylvania: Hon. James Gay Gordon, 
judge of common pleas of Philadelphia, and Hon. 
William F. Harrity. He was admitted to the 
bar December 24, 1875. and in 1876 .settled in 
Scranton, where he has since engaged in the 
practice of his profession. From 1878 to 1881 
he was county solicitor of Lackawanna County, 
and from the latter date to 1883 he represented 
the city of Scranton in tlic house of representa- 
tives at Harrisburg. While in that position he 
drafted and secured the passage of important 
laws regarding anthracite coal mining. In 1886 
Governor Pattison appointed him reporter of the 
decisions of the supreme court of Pennsylvania, 
and he prepared five reports of cases, reforming 
the practice of reporting cases by promptly is- 
suing the reports instead of waiting for a year 
and upwards after the decrees were delivered. 
This was of great advantage to attorneys and 
judges, and that it was highly appreciated is evi- 
denced by the following commendations which 
were tendered him: "Your promptness in get- 
ting the opinions published is very commenda- 
ble," Chief Justice Mercur; "Your work as a 
reporter is well done and the dispatch with which 
you have published the reports is worthy of all 
commendation," Justice Gordon; "You are doing 
your work very well. Your promptness has not 
been e.xcelled or equaled, and is entirely novel," 
Justice Pa.Kson; from Justice Trunkey: "Your 
promptness must be pleasing and advantageous 
to the profession, and I think the character of 
your work satisfactory. You have shown that 
the authorized reports of cases may be placed in 
the hands of the profession within less than three 
nxjnths after the decision," and the following 
from Justice Green: "I appreciate highly the 
promptness with which the reports are printed 
under your supervision, and also the thorough- 
ness with which the cases are prepared and ar- 
ranged. You are certainly deserving of great 
credit for your work in these respects." 

In 1887 Mr. Amerman was elected controller 

of the city of .Scranton, which ofifice he held two 
years, and worked many reforms in auditing ac- 
counts and in the distribution of city funds. The 
highest political honor that has been conferred 
upon him was his election to represent Lacka- 
wanna County in the Fifty-second Congress, 
where he aided in securing the passage of the 
act requiring railroads to equip their cars with 
automatic couplers and air brakes. Now in the 
])rinie of his intellectual ability, it may reason- 
al)ly l)c predicti'd thai future years will bring him 
otlier honors, as high as or higher than any he 
has yet been called upon to accept. 

In I'hiladclphia, September 24, 1879, Mr. 
Amerman married Susan, daughter of Laurens 
W'allaze, member of a Mrginian family. Mrs. 
.•\merman died four months later. The second 
wife of ^Ir. .-\merman was Mary C, daughter of 
Charles F". \'an Nort, of Scranton, formerly of 
.Abington Township. .She died February 7, 
1886, leaving two children, Ralph and Mary. 
The present wife of our subject, with whom he 
was united July 2, 1890, bore the maiden name 
of Ella May \'an Nort, and was a si.ster of his 
late wife. Politically he is a Democrat. A Bap- 
tist in religious views, he was superintendent of 
the Penn Avenue Baptist .Sunday-school in 
.Scranton for seven years. Liberal in his opin- 
ions, he believes in freedom of conscience, and 
recognizes no authority to formulate or interpret 
a creed for him. 

The life of Mr. Amerman furnishes an excel- 
lent example of what may be accomplished in 
tliis country by a man of ability and determina- 
tion, though unaided by any favoring circum- 
stances of wealth or position. Commencing at 
the lowest rung of the ladder, he has climbed 
steadily upward, until now he has attained a po- 
sition of influence and honor. His natural abil- 
ity as a lawyer, combined with his exceptionally 
keen foresight as a Inisiness man, enabled him to 
acc|uire a competence of this world's goods. With 
tin- broad views of a philanthropist, he does not 
allow his wealth to lie idle, but uses it in the pro- 
motion of public enterprises, among others being 
largely interested in building and operating water 
works and electric railways. The esteem and 
confidence reposed in him is shown by the fact 



that he was entrusted by the late Judge Handley 
as one of the trustees of his immense estate. 

The foregoing is a brief epitome of the hfe of 
Mr. Amennan. Both in private affairs and pub- 
lic duties, his record is above reproach. His 
voice, so powerful and persuasive before a jurj-, 
when urging the vindication of the majesty of 
violated law, has also been heard in the councils 
of the nation, and always in defense of what he 
believes to be justice. To such men as he is the 
progress of Scranton is largely due. 

JOHN T. HOWE, alderman of the seven- 
teenth ward of the city of Scranton, was 
born in Catawissa, Columbia County, Pa., 
September 30, 1837, and is of remote English 
extraction. His grandfather, Ephraim Howe, 
was born in Connecticut, where in early life he 
cultivated a farm and whence he removed to 
Brooklyn Centre, Susquehanna County, Pa., 
purchasing land and improving a farm that con- 
tinued to be his home until death. The father 
of our subject, Elijah, was born in Connecticut, 
and when a young man moved to Columbia 
County, Pa., but later went to Little York, Pa., 
where he died. During the Civil War he sensed 
in the One Hundred and Eighty-third Pennsyl- 
vania Infantry. His wife, Lydia, was born in 
Catawissa and died there, aged seventy-two. She 
was a member of a Quaker family that originated 
in England, and was a daughter of Jesse Mears, 
a cabinet-maker of Catawissa. Her three chil- 
dren were James E., who resides at Great Bend, 
Susquehanna Coimty; William M., who was a 
member of an Ohio regiment during the Civil 
War and died in Ohio; and John T., of this 

After having completed the district school 
studies, at the age of fifteen the subject of this 
record went to Danville, Montour County, and 
learned the printing business in the office of the 
Danville "Democrat," where he remained from 
1852 until the war broke out. April 21, 1861, 
he enlisted in Company H, Fourteenth Pennsyl- 
vania Infantry, and went into Virginia under 
General Patterson, serving for three months. He 
was mustered out August 7, 1861, and October 

3, of the same year, became a member of Com- 
pany H, Ninety-third Pennsylvania Infantry. 
With the others of his company he stood beneath 
a heavy fire, in front of Petersburg, from 5 
a. m. until 6 p. m. Me was jjromoted to be color 
sergeant, April 2, 1S65, in recognition of bravery. 
In the various expeditions and marches of Gen- 
eral Sheridan in the Shenandoah Valley he took 
part, serving until the close of the war, when 
he was mustered out, June 25, 1865. Many times 
during his long period of service he narrowly 
escaped with his life, and his many thrilling and 
perilous experiences would be most interesting 
reading, did space permit them to be written up 
in full. His record as a soldier is one which, for 
bravery in the midst of danger and unwavering 
fidelity to trusts reposed in him, cannot be ex- 

In 1866 Mr. Howe came to Scranton in the 
employ of the "Scranton Republican'' as a com- 
positor. After a year he became collector and 
circulation manager for the paper, retaining that 
position about ten years. From that time he 
served as advertising solicitor and collecting 
agent until May i, 1896, when he resigned to ac- 
cept the position of alderman. In February, 
1896, he was nominated for this position and was 
elected without opposition. On the first Mon- 
day in May he took office, being commissioned 
by Governor Hastings for five years. For two 
years he was a member of the common council 
and in 1890, upon the Republican ticket, was 
elected jury commissioner of Lackawanna 
County for three years. Politically he is a Re- 
publican and always advocates the measures of 
his party. 

The first marriage of Mr. Howe took place in 
Columbia County on the loth day of March, 
i860, and united him with Miss Hattie R. Evans, 
who was born in Montour County and died in 
Scranton in 1878. The present wife of Mr. Howe 
was Miss M. E., daughter of Rev. J. B. Kenyon, 
a Baptist minister of Blakely, Pa.; they are the 
parents of two children, Mildred K. and Joseph 
A. S. Fraternally our subject is past grand of 
Lackawanna Lodge No. 291, I. O. O. F., was 
district deputy grand master of that order in the 
second district of Lackawanna Count v for two 



years and at one time was prominently men- 
tioned as a candidate for the otTicc of grand war- 
den. He belongs to Scrantonia Encampment, 
Xo. 8i ; is past sachem of Xavajo Tribe \o. 105, 
I. O. R M., and ex-district deputy great sachem: 
for three terms was commander of Col. William 
X. Monies Post Xo. 319, G. A. R., and aided in 
organizing the first post in the city of Scranton ; 
also holds membership with Lieut. Ezra Griflfin 
Camp Xo. 8, Sons of \'eterans; is past president 
of Camp Xo. 572, P. O. S. of A., and belongs to 
Colonel Oak ford Precinct Xo. 25. U. V. U., 
Department of Pennsylvania. 

PillLAXDER S. JOSLIX, one of the 
pioneer printers of Carbondale, was born 
in Rome, X. Y., April 24, 1817, and is a 
descendant of Irish ancestry. The family 
date their history in this country back more than 
two hundred years, when three brothers crossed 
the Atlantic from Ireland, one settling in Xew 
Hampshire, another in Massachusetts, and the 
third in Connecticut. They were Protestants in 
religious belief, and probably came from tlie 
northern part of Ireland, but aside from these 
meager facts, nothing is known of the remote 

Our subject's father, Ephraim, and grand- 
father, Abijah Joslin, were natives of New Hamp- 
shire. The former removed to Oneida County, 
X. Y., about 1790, and there resided for many 
years. His boyhood days were spent on a farm, 
but agriculture was not congenial to liis tastes, 
and he chose the occupation of a mechanic, com- 
mencing work in a glass factory, but later be- 
came an expert wood-worker. During the War 
of 1812 he volunteered in the service, and was 
engaged as a musician in the army. Late in 
life he moved west to Wisconsin, and engaged 
in farming until his retirement from active labors. 
lie died on his farm about 1870, aged ciglity- 
fcjur years. 

The motliir 01 Dur subject, wliose maiden name 
was Ruth Simmons, was a native of Providence, 
\i. I., and a descendant of English ancestry. Her 
forefathers went to Rhode Island about the time 
that Roger Williams was driven out of Massa- 

chusetts. Her father. Ivory Simmons, took part 
in the R?volutionary War, and while on board 
a man-of-war was wounded, so that he w-as 
obliged to use crutches the remainder of his life. 
He lived to a very advanced age, passing away 
near Palmyra, X^. Y., at ninety years of age. 

In 1831 the parents of our subject moved to 
DundafT, Pa., where his mother died in 1842. 
His father, who was superintendent of a glass 
factory there, afterward went to Wisconsin and 
married a second time. Of his first marriage 
there were born two sons and three daughters, 
who grew to mature years, our subject being 
the eldest. Abijah, who learned the harness 
maker's trade in early life, later was engaged in 
the drug business at Wilkesbarre, and died of 
cancer in California when seventy years of age. 
Mary Ann, wife of Alpheus Baker, died in this 
county in 1863. Sophronia married Almon 
Dolph and settled near Rochester, X'. Y., where he 
died; afterward she became the wife of a Mr. 
Cole, wlio was engaged in the nursery business. 
Her death occurred in Penfield, N. Y., in 1894. 
Charlotte, wife of William Arnold, at one time a 
resident of Dundaff, later a merchant in Carbon- 
dale, died in 1848, leaving no children. 

Very few opportunities of gaining an educa- 
tion fell to the lot of our subject in boyhood. For 
a short time he was a pupil in a district school 
in Oneida County, two miles from his home, 
and was obliged to walk back and forth through 
the cold of winter and rains of spring. When 
only nine years of age he went into a glass fac- 
tory to work. In 1831 he removed with his 
parents to Dundafif, and the following year came 
to Carbondale to learn the printer's trade. In 
1835 he went back to DundafT and remained 
there about nine months, thence went to Berwick, 
where he worked at his trade until the spring 
of 1837. lie then started llie publication of the 
"Berwick Gazette." Subsequently he removed 
to Harrisburg, and there was employed at his 
trade until the spring of 1839. Next, going to 
HoUidaysburg, he started the "Democratic Stand- 
ard," which he continued for over two years. 
I'Vom 1842 to 1848 he was the publisher of the 
"Carbondale Gazette," but after the election of 
President Polk, he sold out and established the 



"Carbondale Democrat." lie was a delegate to 
the national convention that nominated Martin 
Van Bnren for the presidency, but refused the 
support of his paper to that candidate, and dur- 
ing the campaign sold out to his partner, and 
joined the ranks of the newly organized Repub- 
lican party. 

In 1848 i\lr. Joslin was elected justice of the 
peace, and when the city of Carbondale was or- 
ganized he was one of the first board of alder- 
men, serving as such until 1854. At the same time 
he was deputy clerk of the mayor's court. After- 
ward he was engaged as clerk in a general mer- 
chant's store until May, 1869, when President 
Grant appointed him postmaster of Carbondale. 
This office he filled for twelve years and eight 
months under Grant, Hayes and Garfield. Upon 
retiring from the position in 1882, he engaged 
in the job printing business, which he has since 
followed.. Of late years he has been identified 
with the Prohibition party. Throughout his en- 
tire life he has never used liquor or tobacco, but 
has always given his influence in behalf of tem- 
perance and morality. 

In 1843 ]\Tr. Joslin united with the Presbyterian 
Church. In 1859 he joined the Baptist Church, 
of which he has been clerk since 1861, and a 
deacon since 1863. In January, 1846, he be- 
came a member of the Independent Order of Odd 
Fellows, in which he has passed all the chairs and 
served as delegate to various conventions. On 
the occasion of the fiftieth anniversary of his join- 
ing the lodge, he was presented with a handsome 
cane as a token of respect and appreciation. He 
is now the oldest living member of the lodge. In 
1837 he was united in marriage with Lucy Ann 
Steiner, of Berwick, Columbia County, Pa., a 
descendant of German ancestry. She died in 
Carbondale in 1847, leaving three children. Ed- 
win F., a painter by trade, served for a short time 
in the Civil War, and died in Wilkesbarre in the 
spring of 1896. George D., who entered the army 
at the age of seventeen years, served for three 
vears in the Fourth Pennsylvania Cavalr}', was 
taken prisoner by the Confederates and confined 
in Libby Prison and on Bell Island ; he has been 
engaged in the painting business in Wilkesbarre, 
and is now connected with the postofficc depart- 

ment there. Charles, the second son, has always 
lived at home with his parents. 

The second marriage of Mr. Joslin united him 
with Mrs. Caroline Whitman, a sister of his first 
wife, and a widow with one son, Alljert Wliitman. 
The latter served through the entire period of the 
Civil War, and was wounded at Seven Oaks and 
again before Petersburg; he died at Elmira, N. 
Y., in 1889. Mr. and Mrs. Joslin have had four 
children born of their union, but their only son 
died at fourteen years of age. Their three daugh- 
ters are Lucy A., a teacher in the Carbondale high 
school; Margaret, wife of J. L. Hall, manager 
of the Western Union Telegraph Company at 
Wilmington. Del.; and Ida, whose husband, I. 
W. Allen, is general agent for western New York 
of the Manhattan Life Insurance Company, their 
residence being in Buffalo, N. Y. 

CHARLES R. PARKE, M. D., of Scran- 
ton, has prepared himself for the practice 
of the medical profession by thorough 
study under the best instructors of America and 
Europe, and since coming to Scranton has built 
up an excellent practice and gained a reputation 
as a skillful, successful physician and surgeon. 
In addition to his general practice, he is surgeon 
for the Ontario & Western Railroad and since 
1892 has served as first assistant surgeon of the 
Thirteenth Regiment, Pennsylvania National 
Guard, with the rank of first lieutenant. For a 
time he was also physician to the jail and to 
the Scranton poor board. 

The Parke family is one of the old and hon- 
orable families of Pennsylvania. The Doctor's 
father. Rev. N. G. Parke, A. M., D. D., was 
born in Delta, York County, Pa., and graduated 
from Washington and Jefiferson College in the 
class with James G. Blaine. He then entered 
Princeton Theological .Seminary and after two 
years' course, graduated in 1844. His gradua- 
tion was soon followed by his ordination to the 
ministry of the Presbyterian Church. He came 
to the Lackawanna \'alley as a missionary, his 
circuit extending from Wilkesbarre to Abington, 
with Pittston as a center. The brick church 
which he built was the first house of worship in 



Pittston and is still standing. Its first oflfslioot 
was the Scranton Prt-shyterian Clnticli. of wliicli 
lie was pastor until i8<)4. when he resigned, hav- 
ing completed the fiftieth year of his pastorate. 
His home is now in Pittston, and he continues 
to preach every Sunday, notwitiistanding liis ad- 
vanced years. During the war he enlisted for 
service, but was rejected. 

The marriage of Rev. Parke united him 
with Ann Elizabeth Gildersleeve, who was born 
in Wilkesbarre, daughter of William Camp Gil- 
dersleeve, a native of Georgia. Her father, who 
died in 1871, was a merchant in Wilkesbarre, and 
in antebellum days was quite conspicuous by his 
connection with tlie underground railway; his 
Abolition sentiments brought him the dislike and 
even abuse of many of opposite opinions, but he 
persevered in his course and lived to sec his 
judgment triumphantly vindicated by the people 
of the country. He was a son of Rev. Cyrus 
Gildersleeve, who was born on Long Island and 
became the first pastor of the ^Vilkcsbarre Pres- 
byterian Church. 

Our subject's paternal grandfatlur. Rev. Sam- 
uel Parke, D. D., was born in Brandywine, Ches- 
ter County, Pa., and for* fifty years officiated as 
pastor of the Presbyterian Church in Slate Ridge. 
He was a son of Col. James Parke, who gained 
his title by service in the Revolution under Wash- 
ington. The family is of Scotch-Irish descent, 
the first of the name in America liaving come to 
this country in 1724 from Londonderry, Ireland, 
and settled in Southern Pennsylvania. The 
founder of the family here was Arthur Parke, 
who had two sons, John and Joseph, the former 
being the father of Col. James. The. descendants 
of Joseph spell the name Park. 

The family of which our subject is a iiK-mlKT 
consisted of seven children, of whom four are 
living, namely: William G., a coal operator of 
Scranton; Samuel M., an attorney ol Pittston; 
Ann, Mrs. T. H. Athcrton, of Wilkesbarre; and 
Charles R. The Doctor, who was the youngest 
in p(jint of age, was born in Pittston, Pa.. March 
24. '863, and received his education in the pid)- 
lic and high schools of that place, Wilkesbarre 
Academy, and Phillips Academy at Andover, 
Mass. In 1882 he entered the College of Physi- 

cians and .Surgeons in Xew York City, gradu- 
ating two years later with the degree of M. D. 
By competitive examination he was appointed 
physician to the Charity Hospital, where he re- 
mained for eighteen months. Afterward he was 
physician in the Chambers Street Hospital for 
si.xtcen months. 

\\'ishing to perfect himself in the profession, 
in 1S87 Dr. Parke went to Europe, where he 
spent eighteen months in the hospitals of Berlin 
and Vienna. On his return to America he prac- 
ticed in New York City for a few months, then 
went back to London, England, and there mar- 
ried Aliss Alice Cutts Scammon, who was born 
in I'oston, Mass., her father, John O., having 
been an attorney there. In the spring of 1889 
Dr. Parke began the practice of his profession in 
Scranton, where he occupies an office on the cor- 
ner of Washington Avenue and Linden Street. 
He is connected with the Lackawanna County 
Medical Society, the National Society of Railway 
Surgeons of the United States, the National As- 
sociation of Military Surgeons, the Hospital 
Graduates Club of New York City, Charity Hos- 
pital Alumni Association, American Medical 
Association and the Physicians Club of Scran- 

.Scranton numbers among its citizens 
many men well known throughout Lack- 
awaima Count)', men of energy and honor, who, 
in the duties both of private and public life, have 
ever been true and loyal. Such a one is the sub- 
ject of this sketch, who is the oldest attorney of 
the Luzerne and Lackawanna County bars. It 
may well be a matter of pride with him that his 
fortiuie has been of his own making; his hands 
and l)rain liave been busily employed in its up- 
building, as he had no other capital when he 
started out in the world for himself. In him 
Scranton finds a good citizen, whose public spirit 
prompts him to aid in every movement for the 
welfare of the conitiuinity. 

In Dover, Dutchess County, N. Y., the sub- 
ject of this review was born October 7, 1819. His 
fnllier. Jolm, who was a son of Tchabod Ward, 



a native of Massachusetts, a farmer by occupa- 
tion, and an early settler of Dutchess Countv, 
was born there and continued to make it his home 
until 183 1, when he brought his family to Penn- 
sylvania and settled in Tunkhannock, Wyoming 
County. After residing on a farm there for a 
time, he came to Scranton, and cultivated a farm 
in Providence Township (now Scranton), where 
he died in 1847. His wife, Cynthia Sickler, was 
born in Buckman, Dutchess County, N. Y. : her 
father, Peter Sickler, a native of the same place, 
was the son of a German, who emigrated to this 
country and settled on the Hudson. 

The parental family consisted of nine children, 
five of whom are living, one son, Z. M., being a 
prominent attorney of Paterson, N. J. W'alsing- 
ham G., who was the eldest of the family, was 
reared on a farm and received an academical 
education, in Mannington Academy, Susquehan- 
na County, which he attended for three terms. 
March 17, 1843, he came to Providence Town- 
ship, and read law under J. H. Alexander and 
Judge Danay. In 1850 he was admitted to the 
bar at Y\'ilkesbarre and at once began to prac- 
tice in Scranton, opening an office in Lacka- 
wanna Avenue, where he has since remained, 
having occupied the same office since 1875. .He 
was at one time associated with Judge Gunster, 
formerly his student, also with Judge Edwards, 
Vvho studied under him, and is now in part- 
nership with G. S. Horn, also a student of his 
in earlier days. He has been attorney for de- 
fendants in about eighty homicide cases, and 
for a long time had the principal criminal prac- 
tice here and in Luzerne County, but of late 
years has found it necessary to lighten his labors. 
He has also been very successful in civil cases. 
In 1870 he was elected judge of the mayor's 
courts of the city of Scranton, and including 
Dunmore, Providence and Hyde Park, and the 
townships of Jefferson, Roaring Brook and Mad- 
ison and the two Covington townships. He 
served until the new constitution went into 
efifect in 1875, when he resigned. 

In New York state in 1848 Mr. Ward mar- 
ried Miss Maria White, who died leaving no chil- 
dren. He was a second time married in North 
Adams, Mass., in 1874, his wife being Miss 

Louisa Hurlbert, and they arc the parents of a 
son, Douglas H., now a law student. In former 
days Mr. Ward was a Whig and before the war 
he was a campaign orator for Henry Clay. From 
1855 until the Rebellion he was a Democrat, but 
since then he has advocated Republican princi- 
ples. In religious belief he is a Presbyterian and 
for years held the ofifice of elder in his church. 

resident of Scranton since 1866 and has 
been engaged in Ijusiness here since 1869. 
During this long period he has become known 
for his firmness of character and probity of con- 
duct, as well as for the interest maintained in 
matters relating to the public welfare. Probably 
no citizen of the place has contributed more than 
he to the growth of the schools of the city and 
the promotion of the standard of education, and 
he is entitled to the praise of everyone who is a 
friend to our public school system. 

A native of Baden, Germany, born in 1844, 
the subject of this sketch was the youngest of 
the parental family and was orphaned at an early 
age by his father's death. He was educated in 
the high school of Baden, which he attended sev- 
eral years, and in 1861, with a sister (the only 
member of the family besides himself vvho came 
to this country) he took passage on a sailing 
vessel at Hamburg and after fifty-three days 
landed in New York City. There he remained 
for a time, learning the butcher's trade, which he 
followed after coming to Scranton in 1866. In 
1869 he opened a meat market, and this he has 
since conducted, being one of the oldest business 
men of the city. Since April, 1873, his market 
has been located at No. 227 Penn Avenue, where 
he bought and improved property. 

By his marriage to Miss Sarah Weil, who was 
born in Germany and accompanied her parents 
to Luzerne County, Pa., Mr. Wormser has six 
children: Miriam, a graduate of the Lockhaven 
State Normal; Rose, Charles F., Bernard B., 
Edith, and Helen. 

In 1880 Mr. Wormser was elected, on the Re- 
publican ticket, a member of the board of school 
control, the nomination having been given to him 



without solicitation on his part. In 1884 he was 
re-elected without opposition, and four years 
later was unanimously re-elected. In 1892 and 
i8q6 he was again chosen to succeed himself, and 
will serve until HKX3. For three years he was 
president of the board, and eight times was chair- 
man of the teachers conmiittee, besides which he 
has been chairman of every important commit- 
tee. Since his first connection with the board 
there have been wonderful changes wrought in 
the buildings and standard of education in the 
schools. The present high school building, 
which would be an ornament to any communi- 
ty, stands on the corner of Ash and Vine Streets, 
and contains twenty-one classrooms, with an au- 
ditorium that seats one thousand. At this writ- 
ing he is chairman of the new high school com- 
mittee, a member of other committees, and chair- 
man over the high and training schools. 

For three years, from 1891 to 1894, Mr. Worni- 
ser was collector of poor taxes, to which posi- 
tion he was appointed by the poor board. His 
principles led him, upon becoming acquainted 
with the political situation in this country, to 
ally himself with the Republican party, to which 
he has since adhered. He is a member of the 
Republican county executive committee and the 
Central Republican Club. In the Linden Street 
Temple, of which he is a member, he is vice- 
president of the board of trustees. Fraternally 
he is past master of Schiller Lodge No. 345, 
F. & A. M., and for years has been a member of 
the board of directors of the Leiderkranz. 


ARY A. SHEPHERD, M. D. The field 
of science is ably represented by Dr. 
Shepherd, for in the discharge of her 
professional duties, she has shown herself to be 
thoroughly versed in medical lore, and that she 
possesses a natural aptitude for the calling can- 
not be denied by anyone who has once employed 
her services. She possesses the sympathetic and 
so(jthing maimer so essential in a sick room, and 
has the faculty of gaining the confidence of her 
|jatients. During her residence in Scranton she 
has built up a reputation as a physician that is 
an honor to her determination and ability as well 

as to her sex. She has ably demonstrated the 
fact that women can gain success in whatever 
field of labor they may choose to enter, and her 
example is worthy of emulation by. many young 
ladies who are eking out a scanty existence in the 
large cities of the United States. 

The father of Dr. Shepherd was Stephen H. 
Heath, a native of New York, who removed to 
Pennsylvania in early manhood and became a 
minister in the Methodist Episcopal Church, but 
later entered the Baptist ministry. From this 
state he went to Ohio, but afterward returned 
here and died in Philadelphia. He was a de- 
scendant of English ancestry. His marriage 
united him with Catherine Everett, daughter of 
John Everett, of an old Pennsylvanian family; 
she was born in Franklin County, Pa., and died 
in Ohio. She had two children, of whom the son, 
Cardner E., who was a hardware merchant, died 
in Wauseon, Ohio. 

When cjuite young our subject accompanied 
her jiarcnts from her native place, Sharon, Pa., 
to Ohio, where she was educated in Hiram Col- 
lege, under e.x-President Garfield. She was mar- 
ried in I'^arniington, that state, to Rev. Z. W. 
Shepherd, M. D. From early childhood she dis- 
played a predilection for the profession she now 
follows, and when only fourteen was so success- 
ful as a nurse, that she was requested by local 
])hysicians to act in that capacity with some of 
their most serious cases. In 1882 she entered 
Hahnemann Medical College, Chicago, from 
which she graduated in 1886, with the degree of 
M. D. From 1872 until 1876 she had resided in 
Scranton, and was so pleased with the city that 
she determined to locate here for practice. Ac- 
cordingly she opened an office at No. 228 Adams 
, Avenue, and has since given her attention to a 
general pnictice, though making a specialty of 
chronic cases. In 1891 she took a post-graduate 
course in Hahnemann Medical College at Chi- 
cago, where she gave her attention to chronic 

Fraternally, Dr. Shcplierd is identified with the 
\V(jmen's Relief Corps No. 50, of which she has 
been senior vice-president; Martha Washing- 
ton C^iaplcr No. 3, Eastern Star, in Hyde Park; 
and Wanetta Lodge No. 23, Order of Rebekah. 





In her profession she is associated witli the 
Homeopathic Medical Society of Northeastern 
Pennsylvania, and the State Homeopathic Medi- 
cal Society. She takes a warm interest in the 
issues of the age, and politically is a Republican. 
She is the mother of five children, namely: Ad- 
die K., a graduate of Dana Musical College at 
Warren, Ohio, and the wife of Rev. Charles E. 
Kircher, pastor of the Presbyterian Church of 
Alexandria, Ind.; Melvilla, wife of H. L. Hutson, 
an attorney of Angola, Ind.; R. P., a graduate 
of Hiram College, with the degree of A. M., a 
minister of the Christian Church, and now pro- 
fessor of mathematics in Hiram College; William 
E., of Scranton, now taking a course in the 
School of Mines, and employed at Leggett's 
Creek Mines; and James, who died at Ada, Ohio, 
when two and one-half years of age. 

attorney and counsellor-at-law and ex- 
staie senator, is interested in many of the 
most important corporations and enterprises of 
Scranton, being vice-president of the Traders 
National Bank, secretary and treasurer of Moosic 
Mountain Coal Company, treasurer of Mt. Jes- 
sup Coal Company, Limited, manager of the 
Florence Coal Company, Limited, secretary, 
treasurer and one of the managers of the Provi- 
dence & Abington Turnpike & Plank Road Com- 
pany, secretary and treasurer of the Leisenring 
Manufacturing Company, that is engaged in the 
manufacture of grates, secretary, treasurer and a 
director of the Whitehall Land & Improvement 
Company, and a director of the Whitehall Water 

Through a careful observance of the laws of 
hygiene, Mr. Watson has retained his health and 
vigor to an unusual degree, and a stranger would 
not suppose that his life has covered a half cen- 
tury. He was born October 6, 1842, in New Mil- 
ford, Susquehanna County, Pa., and is of Scotch 
descent. His great-grandfather, Walter Watson, 
was born in Edinburgh, where he graduated in 
medicine and surgery, and where he spent his 
entire life, with the exception of the period of his 
service as surgeon in the British army during 

the Revolution. One of his descendants is the 
most eminent physician in Edinburgh today. 

The grandfather of our subject, Walter Wat- 
son, was born in New York City while his par- 
ents were visiting in America, and was taken by 
them to Scotland, where for seven years he was 
a student in Edinburgh University, graduating 
with the degree of A. B. and M. D. He was an 
excellent scholar in classics and could speak flu- 
ently seven different languages. After gradua- 
ting he came to the United States and settled in 
Cold Spring, N. Y., where he practiced his pro- 
fession with success. At the age of seventy-five 
he was accidentally burned to death in his home, 
through the catching on fire of a bed. John Wat- 
son University of Edinburgh is one of the finest 
institutions of learning in Scotland, was founded 
by an ancestor, John Watson. 

The father of our subject, Walter Watson, 
Jr., was born in Cold Spring, Putnam Coun- 
ty, N. Y., and became a farmer in New Mil- 
ford, Susquehanna County, Pa., where he im- 
proved a homestead and resided for more 
than fifty years. He was active in matters 
pertaining to education, and held numerous 
township offices. His death, which occurred 
at seventy- seven years, was the result of having 
been accidentally injured. He married Candace 
Hammond, a native of Susquehanna County, and 
still a resident of the old homestead there. Her 
father. Col. Asa Hammond, was born in Keene, 
N. H., and gained his title through service in the 
militia; he spent his life principally in farm pur- 
suits and in business, and died when ninety-six 
years of age. His father, Asa, who was a mem- 
ber of an old New England family, died in Sus- 
quehanna County when very aged. 

The family of which our subject is a member 
consists of eight children, all living, he being 
next to the eldest. He attended the New Mil- 
ford public school, Montrose Normal, Susque- 
hanna Seminary at Binghamton and Millersville 
Normal. Between the ages of seventeen and 
twenty-four he alternated attendance at school 
with teaching. In June, 1866, he was elected 
superintendent of the schools of Susquehanna 
County, and while discharging the duties of this 
position also studied law with Judge Bentley 



and Senator I-'itch of Montrose, being admitted 
to the bar in November, 1868. Resigning as 
county superintendent, he gave his attention to 
tlie law, and in 1871 became a member of the 
firm of Fitch & Watson, their connection contin- 
uing until he was elected to the state senate. 

In 1874 Mr. Watson was nominated by the 
Republican party to represent the Forty-second 
District, consisting of Susquehanna and Wayne 
Counties, in the state senate, and was elected by 
a large majority, carrying Wayne County, which 
usually gave a Democratic majority of eight hun- 
dred. He served in the sessions of 1875-76, and 
in both was a member of the judiciary commit- 
tee. He was again the choice of the Susque- 
hanna County Republicans, but in the joint con- 
vention with Wayne County, George Waller, of 
the latter county, was given the nomination. 
During his second year in the senate he intro- 
duced seven bills, all of which arc laws on the 
statutes today. One of these provided for the 
foreclosure of mortgages on railroads partly in 
this and partly in other states. He also intro- 
duced bills for re-establishing the state line be- 
tween New York and Pennsylvania, for regulat- 
ing attorneys' fees on judgments under $100, and 
for making certain offices incompatible. While 
in Susquehanna County he served 011 the state 
Republican central committee, and since coming 
here he has been vice-president of the Central 
Club. He is also a member of the board of trade. 

The partnership which Mr. Watson foniied 
with A. H. McCallum of Montrose was dissolved 
May I, 1883, at the time of his location in Scran- 
ton. In December, 1890, he assisted in organ- 
izing the Traders Bank, of which he has since 
been vice-president and a director. He is a 
member of the Second Presbyterian Church and 
fraternally is still connected with Warren Lodge, 
F. & A. M., of Montrose. His marriage, sol- 
emnized in Upper Lehigh, November 26, 1868, 
united him with Annie AI. Kemmerer, who w-as 
born in Stroudsburg and is a daughter of John 
Kemmerer. They became the parents of six chil- 
dren, but two died while Mr. Watson was in the 
senate. The others are Walter L., assistant su- 
perintendent of the Mid-Valley Coal Company 
at Wilburton, Pa.; Albert L., member of the class 

of 1900, Amherst College; Annie M., who is at- 
tending a ladies' seminary in New York City; 
and Candace A., who is with her parents at the 
family residence, No. 504 Monroe Avenue. In 
politics he is a Republican and is influential in 
the party of this state. 

T GRIFFIN SMITH, the popular gen- 
eral freight agent of the Delaware & 
• Hudson Railroad at Carbondale, was 
Ijnrn in this city, August 18, 1854. He is a son 
of Asa D. Smith, who came to Carbondale in 
early manhood, and followed the currier's trade 
here until his death, in 1861. His widow, who 
bore tlie maiden name of Mary GrifSn, afterward 
became the wife of Thomas Orchard, master 
car builder of the Delaware & Hudson car shops 
at Carbondale for more than a half century. A 
second time widowed, she makes her home in 
John Stree'i, this city. 

The subject of this sketch is one of two chil- 
dren, of wliom his sister, Jerusha M., married 
John P.owers, son of William Bowers, the di- 
vision superintendent of the Delaware & Hud- 
son coal department, and died some years ago. 
In the schools of the city, T. Griffin Smith re- 
ceived the rudiments of his education, after which 
he was a student in the schools of Dumfries, Scot- 
land, in company with John H. Orchard, who was 
his father's successor as master car builder of the 
Delaware & Hudson car shops. On his return 
from Scotland, he secured a position as clerk in 
the Delaware & Hudson freight office, and after 
four years, in 1877, he was made freight agent, 
which position he has since held. At the time 
he first entered the office, there were but two men 
employed in that department, but under his man- 
agement tb.e business has increased until now he 
has nearly a score of men under him. A thorough 
and efficient railroad man, his department is run 
in a most satisfactory manner. The work is now 
thoroughly systematized under his general super- 
vision, and he is ably assisted by competent men. 

In 1885 Mr. Smith was united in marriage 
with Miss Helene Estelle Tralles, of this city. 
They and their children, Winficld T., Kenneth 
and Jennie H., have a pleasant home in Laurel 



Street, near Hendricks Park. In the Trinity 
Episcopal Church he has been an active worker 
and held numerous official positions, having 
been a member of the vestry, treasurer of the 
parish, superintendent of the Sunday-school, 
leader of the choir and lay reader. Of late years, 
however, his business has engrossed his atten- 
tion to such an extent that he has been obliged 
to relinquisli much of his religious work, though 
retaining a warm interest in the prosperity of the 
church. He is a man of energy and an earnest 
promoter of every cause which he deems to be 
right, just and beneficial; anxious to engage in 
well-balanced undertakings v.'hich promise, 
either directly or indirectly, to promote the high- 
est interests of the communitv. 

the principal portion of his life in Lack- 
awanna County, the subject of this sketch 
has an extensive acquaintance throughout the 
community. His long residence here, together 
with his active participation in all worthy meas- 
ures for the development of the resources of the 
county, has made him prominent in social and 
business circles. It may truly be said that few- 
residents of Scranton have been more closely 
connected with its growth than has he, and it is 
to the efforts of such men that the city owes a 
debt impossible to repay. He dwells in a beautiful 
residence in Washington Avenue, v;here he is 
surrounded by every comfort that will enhance 
the happiness of life. This residence, erected un- 
der his supervision in 1896, is constructed of pink 
stone from Lackawanna County, and is one of 
the most attractive homes in the city. 

The Barrowman family has for generations 
furnished to Scotland some of its most prominent 
men, — men who by their writings and lectures, 
and by their skill as mining and civil engineers, 
have gained national eminence. One of the fam- 
ily, a cousin of Thomas, is civil engineer to the 
Duke of Hamilton in Scotland. Our subject's 
father, William, was born in Glasgow, Scotland, 
December 23, 1807, and became a mining ex- 
pert. In 1847, accompanied by his wife and eight 
children, he came to Lackawanna (then included 

in Luzerne) County, where he did all the testing 
for coal in the early days, boring for the Bellevue, 
Diamond and other shafts in the valley. His 
death, which occurred in 1865, was the result of 
accident, his horses running away and throwing 
him from his carriage. In religion he was a 
Presbyterian. His wife, who was a lady of large 
intellectual powers, was born Margaret McDon- 
ald, in Glasgow, Scotland, whence she came to 
Scranton in 1849, remaining here until her death, 
November 9, 1887, aged eighty-three. 

Thomas, a brother of our subject's father, was 
a prominent mining engineer in Scotland. An- 
other brother, James, had a son James, before 
mentioned, who was a gifted writer on mining 
engineering. Almost without exception, the men 
of the family w^re tall and possessed powerful 
physiques. While many still reside in Scotland, 
several have sought homes in the United States, 
and among the latter is Moses, our subject's 
uncle, who was an old settler of Bufifalo, and still 
remains there. The paternal grandparents were 
John and ^Margaret Madison Barrowman, natives 
of Scotland. 

The children of the parental family were John, 
who went to California in 1850, returned to Scran- 
ton, and died in Hyde Park in 1890; William, also 
an early settler of California, who returned to 
Hyde Park, and was an engineer here until his 
death ; Alexander, who resides at the old home- 
stead in Hyde Park; Mrs. Mary Aekings, who 
died in Paterson, N. J.; Thomas; James, mem- 
ber of the One Hundred and Thirty-second Penn- 
sylvania Infantry, who was wounded at Chancel- 
lorsville and died after the war; Agnes, Mrs. 
Stephen Jones, of Scranton; and Moses, who is 
superintendent of the surgical and dental instru- 
ments factory in Buffalo, N. Y. The homestead, 
which is still standing, was erected about 1855, at 
the head of Lackawanna Avenue, and was one 
of the first large buildings in Hyde Park. 

Born in Glasgow, Scotland, in 1840, the subject 
of this article was nine years of age when he came 
to Lackawanna County. He was educated in the 
public schools, and in i86g entered the medical 
department of the University of the City of New 
York, but was taken ill after his first course of lec- 
tures and was obliged to abandon his intention of 



entering tlie medical profession. After engaging 
in the mercantile business for a while, he opened 
a drug store in Penn Avenue. In August, 1862, 
he enlisted as a member of Company I, One Hun- 
dred and Thirty-second Pennsylvania Infantry, 
and after being mustered in at Harrislnirg on the 
9th of the month, was sent south, participating in 
the battles of Antietam, South Mountain, Fred- 
ericksburg and Chancellorsville. At the expira- 
tion of his term of enlistment, lie was mustered 
out with his regiment at Harrisburg, May 24, 
1863. On his return to Scranton, he entered tlie 
government service under General Meigs, and 
was placed in the photographic corps as assistant 
to Major Russell. For a year he was stationed 
in Alexandria and various points in Virginia, 
after which he returned home. He continued 
the drug business until 1890, when he sold out 
and retired, though he still owns his store build- 
ing, at No. 217 Lackawanna Avenue. 

In Dunmore, Mr. Barrowman married Miss 
Georgia Ocksenreader, daughter of William Ock- 
scnreader, and a member of an old family of this 
state. Mr. Barrowman has traveled extensively, 
visiting California in 1890 and the following year, 
with his wife, crossing the ocean to Scotland, 
where he spent a year in the vicinity of his old 
home, after which he made a tour of the Contin- 
ent. However, he was unable to visit as many 
points of interest as he had anticipated, for while 
en route to Rome, a cablegram obliged him to 
return. He is a member of the Scranton Club, 
and was formerly chief of the Caledonia Club. 
Fraternally, he is identified with the Benevolent 
Protective Order of Elks; is prominently con- 
nected with the Masonic order, and is past com- 
mander of Coeur de Lion Commandery No. 17, 
K. T. Politically he is a Republican, and in re- 
ligion is identified with the First Presbyterian 
Church of Scranton. 

JOHN L. HULL, a veteran of Die latr war 
and for many years a resident of Scranton, 
is a descendant 01 English ancestry, the first 
of the nanie in America being three brothers who 
settled in different parts of the country, one in 
New England, another in Maryland and the thin! 

further south. The grandfather of Jolm L. was 
John Hull, a native of Rhode Island, but through- 
out his active life a resident of Massachusetts, 
where he engaged in farm pursuits. 

William H., our subject's father, was born in 
Tolland, Mass., whence in the early '30s he came 
to Pennsylvania and settled at Blakely, Lacka- 
wanna County, purchasing two tracts of land, 
one on each side of the Lackawanna River. He 
openeil and operated one of the first coal beds in 
that section, and also ran a saw mill, having pine 
timber and excellent water power. In his com- 
munity he was known as a persevering, econom- 
ical and honorable man, one who was efiiicient in 
public office and kind-hearted in private life. His 
death occurred in Blakely in 1872 at the age of 

The mother of our subject bore the maiden 
name of Rebecca Parker and was born in Abing- 
ton Townsliip, this county, to which place her 
father, Stephen Parker, a native of Rhode Island, 
had come in early days, there being but one set- 
tler in the place prior to himself. Returning to 
Rhode Island he married there, then came back 
to his farm and continued to reside on it until 
his death. The exact date of his location in this 
county is not known, but presumably it was about 
the close of the eighteenth century. Mrs. Re- 
becca Hull died at the age of thirty-six, leaving 
si.x sons, of whom five took part in the Civil War, 
and all are still living and, with two exceptions, in 
this county. 

Upon the home farm at Blakely, where he was 
born in 1839, John L. Hull spent his boyhood 
years. His education was obtained in Wyoming 
Seminary and Providence Conference Seminary 
at Greenwich, R. I., and Andover, Mass. In the 
fall of 1862 he enlisted as a recruit in Company 
H, Fifty-second Pennsylvania Infantry, and join- 
ing his regiment at Yorktown went from there 
south, where he took part in a number of engage- 
ments, among them the expedition against Wel- 
(lon, when a heavy storm sunk the first Monitor 
and scattered the fleet, which finally reached Hil- 
ton Head. He was present at the siege of 
Charleston and the cajiturc of Folly Island and 
Morris Island, and was under continuous fire in 
the blockade of the harbor at Ft. Sumter. After 



Charleston succumbed he joined Sherman's army 
and went to North Carolina, after the surrender 
of Johnston, being on provost duty a short time. 
After thirt\'-three months of service, he was mus- 
tered out at Harrisburg as a corporal and was 
honorably discharged in July, 1865. 

In 1866 Mr. Hull started in the furniture busi- 
ness in Scranton, carrying on a wholesale and 
retail trade until 1874, when he went to St. Louis 
and engaged in the wholesale and retail slate 
business, taking contracts for roofing, etc. With 
a brother he owned a quarry at Pen Argyl, and 
after returning from St. Louis, he managed the 
quarry and the business here. Though no longer 
interested in the quarry, he is still a wholesale slate 
merchant and sells by carload lots in Scranton 
and vicinity. For eighteen months he was in 
the wholesale produce and commission business, 
which he afterward turned over to a son. He is 
now engaged as a dealer in agricultural imple- 
ments for five counties, selling mowers, reapers 
and rakers for the Buckeye Builders of Akron, 

The first marriage of Mr. Hull took place in 
Rhode Island, his wife being Miss Susan Wind- 
sor, who died while visiting in St. Paul, Minn., 
whither she had gone in the hope of regaining 
her health. Of her two children, one son sur- 
vives, Howard, a wholesale commission mer- 
chant of Scranton. In Scranton Mr. Hull mar- 
ried Miss Florence Watres, who was born in 
Winton, this county, and is a sister of ex-Lieu- 
tenant-Governor Watres. They have three chil- 
dren, Helene, Arthur and Robert. The family 
residence stands on Marion Street and Washing- 
ton Avenue. Mr. Hull is a member of the board 
of trade, politically is a Republican, fraternally 
is connected with Peter Williamson Lodge No. 
323, F. & A. M., and the Union Veterans Union, 
and in religious faith is associated with the Green 
•Ridge Baptist Church. 

LORING I. BUNNELL, alderman from the 
fifth ward of Carbondale, was bom in 
Bradford, near the line of Susquehanna 
County, Pa., September 15, 1838, and is a mem- 
ber of a family long connected with the progress 

of the historic county of Litchfield, Conn. His 
father, Isaac S., son of Samuel Bunnell, Sr., was 
born in that county in 1809, and when a child, 
at the death of his mother, was taken to live in 
the home of his grandfather, Samuel Hill. An 
elder brother of Isaac S. went to sea, and when 
last heard of was captain of a merchant vessel. 
After the death of his wife, Samuel Bunnell, Sr., 
left that locality and was never seen by the family 

On reaching his majority, Isaac S. Bunnell 
came to Pennsylvania, and for a time followed 
the trade of a wheelwright, but later became in- 
terested, as tlie patentee, in several important in- 
ventions, among them a bed-spring and a num- 
ber of agricultural implements. He died in Car- 
bondale, in the building which our subject now 
occupies as his office. His wife, who bore the 
maiden name of Harriet Tupper, was a native of 
Susquehanna County, Pa., and the daughter of 
Loring Tupper, the latter being a farmer of that 
county and a descendant of a passenger of the 
"Mayflower." By his marriage to a Miss Sturt- 
divant, a descendant of Revolutionar)- ancestry, 
Loring Tupper had three sons, James, John and 
Burton, all of whom were farmers, and five 
daughters, ]\lary Ann, Harriet, Caroline, Per- 
melia and iNIarilla. Harriet Bunnell died in 1891. 
Their family consisted of three sons and two 
daughters: Loring I.; W. E., a hardware mer- 
chant of Rockaway, N. J.; Mary J., of James- 
town, N. Y.; James D., formerly a sign painter, 
now deceased; and Carrie P., of Jamestown, 
N. Y. 

When only eight years of age, our subject 
could be found working in his father's shop. 
His schooling was limited, but at the age of four- 
teen he was fortunate in being able to take a 
special course in mathematics under Prof. John 
F. Stoddard, an expert in that science. In 1865 
he came to Carbondale, and was engaged in the 
carriage-making business until 1879, after which 
he manufactured agricultural implements and 
bed-springs until 1890. For several years he was 
a member of the board of health. In 1891 he 
was elected alderman of the fifth ward, and his 
services in that position were so satisfactory 
that he was re-elected in the spring of 1896. 



The first marriage of Mr. Bunnell took place 
in i860, his wife being Helen Dikeman, who 
passed away March 24, 1865. Two children were 
bom of this union: Edson L., who died at the age 
of three and one-half years; and William M., who 
is engaged in railroading. In 1866 Mr. Bunnell 
was united in marriage with Theodosia Eva Kent 
of Brooklyn. Susquehanna County, Pa., and they 
became the parents of seven children: Myrtie 
M. is the wife of Robert Craik, a railroad man; 
P. E. is a painter by trade; Edson J. was killed 
on the Ontario & Western Railroad, where he 
was employed, in 1 891, at the age of twenty-one; 
Samuel L. is a conductor, and lives in Scranton; 
George K. is a foreman; LeRoy E. is a student 
in Wood's College; and Harry J. is attending 
the high school. The family occupy a comfort- 
able home in Birkett Street. In all public affairs 
Mr. Bunnell maintains a warm interest. Fidelity 
to convictions and close application to business, 
whether private or official, are his chief charac- 
teristics. I'pon all public questions he possesses 
shrewd, clear-cut ideas, and is thoroughly in- 

FRED W. LAXGE, A. B., M. D. The value 
of a citizen to any community is not 
marked merely by his learning or the suc- 
cess which has attended his efforts in his business 
or professional undertakings, but also by his char- 
acter in public and private life, his honorable ad- 
herence to all that is good, his personal integ- 
rity and the interest he takes in the welfare of his 
fellow-citizens. A public-spirited resident of 
Scranton is Dr. Lange, who was born here Oc- 
tober 14, 1861, and has been identified with the 
interests of this city throughout life. 

The Lange family originated in Germany, 
where its representatives w'ere people of promin- 
ence. A cousin of the Doctor's father, Prof. Carl 
Lange, is one of the most prominent and suc- 
cessful educators of Germany. The Doctor's 
father, Christian Lange, was born in Saalfeld- 
Thuringen, Saxony, and was the son of a con- 
tractor and builder. He learned the shoemaker's 
trade, and in 1857, when a young man, came to 
America, settling at Wilkesbarre, Pa. The fol- 

lowing year, however, he came to Scranton, 
where he started in the shoe business at No. 429 
Lackawanna Avenue, remaining in that place un- 
til lie retired from his active labors. His home 
is on the corner of Washington Avenue and Ma- 
rion Street. One of his brothers, Charles, a con- 
tractor, died during the Civil War while in the 
service of the country. 

In Wilkesbarre, Christian Lange married Mary 
Housam, who was born in Rheinpfalz, Bavaria, 
a daughter of Adam Housam. The latter came 
to America in 1857 and settled at Wilkesbarre, 
near which place he engaged in farming, though 
prior to coming to this country he had followed 
the trade of a weaver. Christian and Mary Lange 
became the parents of two daughters and four 
sons, all of whom are living except one son. Tliey 
are Dr. Fred W.; Prof. J. C, principal of the high 
school; Anna, Mrs. J. S. Horton; L. A., assist- 
ant professor of the classical department of 
Scranton high school; and Minnie, a student 
in high school. 

At the age of fifteen our subject was appren- 
ticed to the tinsmith's trade, at which he worked 
for seven years. Meantime it had become a 
fixed purpose of his mind to take a collegiate 
course and his efforts were earnestly turned in 
that direction. In order to prepare himself for 
college, he studied of nights until he had ac- 
quired a sufficient amount of knowledge to 
enable him to pass the required examination. In 
1884 he entered the freshman class of Wesleyan 
University at Middletown, Conn., from which 
he graduated in 1888 with honors and the de- 
gree of Ph. B. His brother J. C. graduated three 
years before himself, and his younger brother 
three years later, and all are members of the Alpha 
Delta Phi fraternity. 

In 1888 our subject entered the Hahnemann 
Medical College, from which he graduated in 
1890 with the degree of M. D. Afterward he took' 
special courses in hospital work in Philadelphia 
and received a diploma from the Lying-in Hospi- 
tal. In the summer of 1890 he came to Scran- 
ton and opened an office, where he has since 
conducted successfully a large and lucrative prac- 
tice, and is now located at No. 240 Adams Ave- 
nue, Court House Square. He has been espe- 



cially successful in the treatment of hernia by 
the injection method, and has never yet failed to 
cure a reducible hernia without operation. At 
one time he was president of the Northeastern 
Pennsylvania Medical Society, before which he 
has read papers. He is also identified with the 
State Homeopathic and the Inter-State Homeo- 
pathic Medical Societies and the z\merican Insti- 
tute of Homeopathy. 

At Media, Pa., December 31, 1891, Dr. Lange 
married Miss Jennie Riddle McDowell, who was 
born there, daughter of Samuel R. McDowell, 
formerly a merchant of Chestnut Street, Phila- 
delphia, but now retired. Mrs. Lange is a tal- 
ented artist and graduated from the Philadelphia 
School of Design and the Academy of Fine Arts. 
She is an active worker in the Elm Park Metho- 
dist Episcopal Church, while Dr. Lange, who 
was reared in the Lutheran faith, holds member- 
ship in the German Lutheran Church. Frater- 
nally he belongs to Scranton Lodge, No. 263, 
K. of P., and is medical examiner for the Knights 
of the Mystic Chain, as well as several life in- 
surance companies. He is interested in building 
and loan associations here, in western enterprises 
and is a director of the Lackawanna Wheel Com- 
pany, which he aided in organizing. 

CHARLES E. LATHROP, president of 
the Leader Publishing Company at Car- 
bondale, was born in Sullivan County, 
N. Y., March 5, 1827. He was the first child 
rocked in a cradle in the territory now embraced 
in the city of Carbondale, to which place his 
parents came when he was nine months of age. 
At that time there was but one log house in the 
place, and it required an optimistic spirit to pre- 
dict the present prosperous condition of the com- 

Salmon Lathrop, father of our subject, was 
born in Columbia County, N. Y., in 1781. He 
became a railroad and canal contractor, and in 
1822 built three miles of the old Erie canal in 
Herkimer County, N. Y., including the aqueduct 
across the Mohawk River at Little Falls. He 
came to Carbondale as an employe of the Dela- 
ware & Fludson Canal Company, to start their 

improvements here, at the same time taking pos- 
session of the log house that had previously been 
built by the company, to which he added a frame 
part. For two years he conducted their improve- 
ments, then erected a small building and em- 
barked in the mercantile business. Soon after- 
ward he built a hotel, of which he was proprietor 
for several years. This, however, did not prove 
congenial to his tastes and he sold out. 

About 1835 Salmon Lathrop was contractor at 
Deposit, N. Y., for the then proposed New York, 
Lake Erie & Western Railroad, but the under- 
taking v.'as not completed until some years after 
on account of the hard times. In 1838 he be- 
came a contractor on the North Branch Canal 
from Pittston to Towanda, which work occupied 
some years. From 1845 m^til his death, Novem- 
ber 3, 1868, he lived a retired life in Carbondale. 
In early years he was a stanch Democrat, but when 
President Jackson ordered the funds withdrawn 
from the United States Bank, he opposed that 
policy and left the party. Later he was a Whig 
and then a Republican, and took an active inter- 
est in the stirring events of the Civil War. In re- 
ligious belief he was a Congregationalist of the 
orthodox school. 

The grandfather of our subject, Ezra Lathrop, 
was born in Connecticut in 1755, and in 1780 
moved to Columbia County, N. Y., settling near 
Kinderhook. He was a school teacher by prcH 
fession, and Martin Van Buren, afterward presi- 
dent of the United States, received the rudiments 
of his education under him. During the War of 
the Revolution, he served as a private soldier. 
He was the father of six sons, one of whom, 
Eleazar, was a Presbyterian minister, and 
preached at Port Gibson, Miss. The progenitor 
of the family was Rev. John Lathrop, a minister 
in the established church in England for some 
years, but later became a dissenter. On account 
of his change of views, he was imprisoned by 
Archbishop Laud, and after several years of 
confinement was released on condition that he 
leave the country. In 1630, with several of his 
followers, he came to America and located at 
Barnstable, Mass., where he afterward sowed the 
seed of his religious faith. From that time to this 
the family has taken a prominent part in public 



and church matters, and its members have filled 
an honorable place in the history of the country. 

Our subject's niotiicr, who bore the maiden 
name of Aurelia Noble, was born in Benson, Rut- 
land County, Vt., in July, 1790. Her father, John 
Noble, was an aide on the staff of Ethan Allen 
during the Revolution, and one of her cousins, 
B. G. Noble, was formerly governor of Wiscon- 
sin. She died in Carbondale in April, 1872. Of 
her seven children, three died in infancy. Two 
sons attained maturity: Charles E., the youngest 
of the family, and Dwight Noble, who was born 
in 181 1, received an education as civil engineer, 
was employed in the survey of the Erie Railroad, 
and later by the Spanish government in laying 
out a route for a railroad on the island of Cuba. 
Previous to this, however, he had read law and 
been admitted to the bar. On his return from 
Cuba he was engaged in railroad work in the 
southern part of Illinois, where he married Har- 
riet Ridg\vay. In 1840 he began the practice of 
law in Carbondale and continued until 1870, 
when he was elected judge of the mayor's court 
in Carbondale. While holding this ofifice, in 1871 
he took a trip to Europe, and shortly after his re- 
turn died in October, 1872. He was a man of 
broad views, deeply interested in the upbuilding 
of the city, and connected with various enter- 
prises. He was one of the founders of the Min- 
ers & Mechanics Bank, and served as a director 
of that institution. 

Thomas, son of Dwight Noble Lathrop, and 
recently deceased, for more than thirty years con- 
ducted an extensive insurance business in Car- 
bondale, now carried on by his widow; he built 
a beautiful residence on the hill that is now occu- 
pied by the widow and four sons. Another son, 
W. W. Lathrop, an attorney at Scranton, suc- 
ceeded his father as director in the Miners & 
Mechanics Bank. A daughter married Israel 
Crane, formerly one of the leading business men 
in Carbondale, now deceased, and Mrs. Lathrop, 
who is still living, makes her home with Mrs. 
Crane. Another daughter, Mrs. Eugene Scates, 
resides in San Diego, Cal. 

Sophronia, a sister of our subject, married 
David B. Blanchard, a civil engineer, and both 
died in Illinois. Another sister, Jeanette, mar- 

ried William Wurts, nephew of John Wurts, who 
for many years was president of the Delaware & 
Hudson Railroad. He was an attorney for the 
road until his death, which occurred in 1858; his 
wife died in Newark, N. J., in January, 1894. Our 
subject has been a resident of Carbondale since 
nine months of age. In 1836 he was sent to a 
boarding school at Wilkesbarre, where he re- 
mained until 1841. Two years later he began to 
learn the printer's trade in Carbondale, and in the 
fall of 1847 was conducting the publication of a 
weekly newspaper in Wilkesbarre. After one 
year he went to Tnnkliannock, Wyoming Coun- 
ty, where he published a weekly paper. In 1849 
he was appointed postmaster of that place, serv- 
ing four years. In March, 1853, he moved his 
printing establishment to Scranton, and issued 
the first paper published in that city. 

During his intervals of leisure while in news- 
paper work, Mr. Lathrop studied law, and was 
admitted to the bar in January, 1857, at Wilkes- 
barre. Selling his paper in April of that year, 
he went west to Independence, Iowa, where he 
began the practice of law. Shortly afterward he 
was appointed county superintendent of schools. 
In August, 1861, he received an appointment in 
the navy department at Washington as clerk, and 
in December, 1863, was appointed naval store- 
keeper at the Washington navy yard, which posi- 
tion he held until March, 1867, but was then re- 
moved by President Johnson. However, within 
a month he was appointed superintendent of the 
government printing office, and served in that 
capacity until June, 1869, when he returned to 
Carbondale and resumed the practice of law. In 
1878, in company with his oldest son, now de- 
ceased, he purchased the "Carbondale Leader." 
then a small and insignificant weekly publication. 
Under their able management, the paper took on 
new life and grew in popularity constantly. 

Finally, when the increasing population and 
business of the city rendered feasible the publi- 
cation of a daily paper, in 1887, Mr. Lathrop 
started the "Daily Leader," that has proved a 
financial success, and is now one of the important 
publications of the county. In 1895 there was 
erected the Leader Building, a commodious 
three-story brick and stone structure, a large por- 




tion of wliich is devoted to the pulslisliing busi- 
ness of the Leader Company, and whicli is un- 
questionably the best equipped printing estab- 
lishment in a town the size of Carbondale in the 
entire country. In addition to the printing- busi- 
ness, Mr. Lathrop continued the practice of law 
until 1893, when, on account of failing health and 
deafness, he relinquished his practice. Each day 
he may be found at his desk in the editorial room. 
He is an able and forcible writer, and articles 
from his pen attract considerable attention. The 
management of the business is under the direc- 
tion of his son, Edward D.. a shrewd and far- 
seeing business man. 

In the establishment of the Miners & Mechan- 
ics Bank, Mr. Lathrop took an active part, and 
for a time was one of its directors. He was an 
elder in a Presbyterian Church in Washington, 
and has served the congregation at Carbondale 
in the same capacit}". In 1849 '""^ married Miss 
Charlotte Dilley, daughter of Jesse Dilley, an in- 
fluential citizen of Wilkesbarre. Five children 
blessed their union: Augusta; Mrs. U. C. Rog- 
ers, of Paterson, N. J.; Dwight N., who was 
associated with his father in the building up of 
the "Leader," but died in December, 1882; Ed- 
ward D., who was educated at Phillips Academy 
in Andover, Mass., and is business manager of 
the "Leader;" William M., city editor of the 
"Leader;'' and Jeanette, wife of E. L. Bevan, of 
Paterson, N. J. 

nized leader among the Welsh people of 
the county, and one, too, who enjoys the 
esteem and confidence of people of all nationali- 
ties in the community, is Benjamin Hughes of 
Scranton, who. since 1865. has held the responsi- 
ble position of general mine superintendent for 
the Delaware, Lackawanna & Western Railroad 
Company and is also the president of the West 
Side Bank. Mr. Hughes was born October 25, 
1824, near Bryn-Mawr, Breconshire, Wales, and 
is a member of a family identified for many gen- 
erations with the history of that locality. He is 
a son of Daniel and Esther Hughes, the latter of 
whom died at the age of ninety-seven and the 

former, who was proprietor of a leased iron ore 
mine, died when sixty-eight. Both were work- 
ers in the Baptist Church and were hard-working, 
kind and pious. They reared the majority of 
their sixteen children, but only three are now liv- 
ing, two of these being in America. Evan, who 
was foreman in the mines at Avondale, Pa., was 
killed in a mine disaster there in 1869. Elias, 
who was foreman at Crystal Springs, West Pitt- 
ston. Pa., died in September, 1894. 

The education of Benjamin Hughes was limit- 
ed to the knowledge acquired during a brief at- 
tendance at the pay schools of his native land. 
When ten years old he began to assist his father 
in the mine, and later was employed in coal 
mines, but afterward returned to assist in the 
management of his father's business. In the fall 
of 1848, when twenty-four years of age, he left 
Liverpool on the sailer "Mary Pleasant," and 
after a voyage of thirty-six days arrived in Phila- 
delphia, whence he went to Pottsville. There he 
was employed in mining for the Philadelphia & 
Reading Railway Company until January ot 
1850, when he came to Slocum's Hollow and en- 
tered the employ of the Scranton Iron & Coal 
Company. That position he resigned in July, 
1853, in order to accept a position with the Dela- 
ware, Lackawanna & Western Railroad Com- 
pany in the Diamond mine. After two years he 
became foreman of the mine, and in 1865 was 
promoted to be general mine superintendent, in 
which capacity he has since been retained. At 
the time he became connected with the company 
there were only five shafts here, but this number 
has since been increased to thirty, with twenty- 
one breakers. Six thousand nine hundred and 
forty-seven men are employed inside and three 
thousand three hundred and ninety outside, mak- 
ing the total number of men ten thousand three 
hundred and thirty-seven. The work at the 
mines is superintended by wire from his office in 
the Delaware, Lackawanna & Western depot. 
In 1895 one hundred and seven thousand, four 
hundred and forty and one-half kegs of pow- 
der were used in the mines. Of these mines all 
but six are in Lackawanna County, the remain- 
der being in Luzerne. 

In 1853 Mr. Hughes established his home on 



the west side, and since 1870 has resided at No. 
1 201 Washburn Street. He has built other 
houses in the neighborhood, having for years 
been interested in real estate operations. When 
the West Side Rank was organized in the early 
■70s, he was vice president and assisted in its es- 
tablishment, but for a number of years he has 
been its president. He was one of tlie organizers 
of the Cambrian Mutual Fire Insurance Com- 
pany on the west side and has been its president 
from the first. 

Before leaving Wales Mr. Hughes married 
Miss Mary Davis, who accompanied him to this 
country and remained here until her death. They 
were the parents of five daughters and one son. 
Those living are: Esther, wife of Rev. John 
Evans, of Westerly, R. I.; Elizabeth, Mrs. Lu- 
ther Jones, of Hyde Park; Annie, wife of A. B. 
Eynon, cashier of the West Side Bank of Scran- 
ton ; Norma, the wife of Jenkin T. Reese, a min- 
ing engineer with the Delaware, Lackawanna & 
Western road. In November, 1881, Mr. Hughes 
married Mrs. Ann Rosser, of Shamokin, North- 
umberland County, Pa., a native of the same 
town as her husband. 

In 1859 Mr. Hughes was elected a member of 
the council of the borough of Hyde Park and 
served until 1862. In 1861 he was school di- 
rector. For three years he was a member of 
the select council of Scranton, being president of 
the board for one year. Fraternally he is con- 
nected with the Alasonic Order. In the Baptist 
Church he holds the oiifice of president of the 
board of trustees, served on the building commit- 
tee and has been superintendent of the Sunday- 
school for years. He assisted in organizing the 
Ivorites Society at Scranton and was the first 
grand president, which oftice he held for about 
nine years; he is still actively associated with the 
society. He has never wavered in his political af- 
filiations, having always been a champion of Re- 
publican principles. In 1892 he was a delegate 
to the convention at Minneapolis tliat nominated 
Benjamin Harrison for the presidency, and he 
had the honor of casting one of the original 
eleven votes from Pennsylvania for Harrison. 
He also attended the national convention of 1896 
at St. Louis. Personally, he is liberal and enter- 

prising, and merits the success he has attained. 
In spite of advancing years, his body retains 
much of the vigor of his prime, while his mental 
faculties are as keen as in early life. His has 
been a busy and useful career, and not only has 
he succeeded in raising himself from poverty to 
a position of influence, but he has also helped 
many another who was struggling against ad- 
verse fortune and by his kindly nature and gen- 
erosity has gained the respect of all with whom 
he has business or social relations. 

SILAS OSTERHOUT. In presenting the 
biography of the late Silas Osterhout, of 
Scranton, the mind dwells with respect 
up'on the fair record of his life. He was one of 
those who acquired a competency without any 
of the modern appliances by which unworthy 
persons seek to gain undeserved and transient 
popularity. Around his name cluster the manly 
virtues, generosity, truth, honesty and benevo- 
lence. He was a man whom to know was a privi- 
lege and to honor a pleasure. 

The eldest of ten children, Silas Osterhout was 
born in Nicholson, Wyoming County, April 5, 
1829, and was a son of Webster and Sarah 
(Jayne) Osterhout. Particulars in regard to the 
family history are given in the sketch of his 
brother, Milo D., upon another page. He was 
reared on the home farm and received a fair edu- 
cation in the common schools. At an early age 
he began clerking for his uncle, James Kennedy 
of Providence, and afterward was similarly em- 
ployed with a merchant in Scranton. Immedi- 
ately after his marriage in 1856, he opened a gen- 
eral store just west of the Bristol House and for 
three years was located there, after which he 
moved across the street to what is now No. 117 
West Market Street, occupying a building that 
still stands. In i860 he built at No. 130 West 
Market the house in which his wife still resides. 
Jn 1874 he built a double brick store at Nos. Iio- 
112 West Market, having previously, in 1865, 
associated his brother, Milo D., with him as part- 
ner. He continued successfully engaged in busi- 
ness until his retirement in 1882, after which he 
lived retired until his death in 1885. 



Aside from his mercantile interests, Mr. Oster- 
hoiit was a stoctcholder in tlie branch of the Sec- 
ond National Bank in Providence and for some 
years held the office of vice-president. In polit- 
ical belief he affiliated with the Republicans and 
upon that ticket was elected to the council. Fra- 
ternally he was a Master Mason. In Lacka- 
wanna, October 8, 1856, he married Miss Cath- 
arine Tedrick, who was born there, the only child 
of Michael and Malatiah (Armstrong) Tedrick. 
Her grandfather, Adam, a native of New Jersey, 
was a son of Adam, Sr., who removed in middle 
life from New Jersey to Pennsylvania and settled 
upon a farm near Pittston. Michael Tedrick, 
who was born in New Jersey, early in the '30s, 
settled in Lackawanna County, as did also his 
brother John. Purchasing an unimproved farm, 
he gave his attention to clearing and cultivating 
the place. After a busy and active life he retired 
from his labors and settled in Providence, where 
he died in 1877 at the age of seventy-five. His 
wife died at the home of her daughter, Mrs. 
Osterhout, at the age of sixty-three. She was 
born in Pittston, and was a daughter of Joseph 
Armstrong, a native of the north of Ireland, but 
a descendant of Scotch ancestors. 

Since the death of her husband Mrs. Osterhout 
has lived in retirement in her pleasant home, 
giving her attention to the supervision of her 
household, keeping posted upon themes of im- 
portance by reading newspapers and magazines, 
attending services at the Methodist Episcopal 
Church and contributing to charitable enter- 
prises as her means will permit. She has an only 
daughter, Nora M., who was educated in White- 
plains Female Seminary and Binghamton Col- 
lege, and is now the wife of Robert E. Westlake 
of Scranton. 

1 T 7 ALTER A. SPENCER, D D. S., was 
\/\/ born October 2, 1867, in Jackson, Sus- 
' ' quehanna County, Pa. When an in- 
fant of four months he was taken by his parents 
to Pleasant Mount, Wayne County, the native 
place of his father, William Henry Spencer, a 
farmer and blacksmith. The paternal grand- 
father, Henry Spencer, likewise a native of 

Wayne County and a blacksmith by trade, was 
a man of considerable prominence in his commu- 
nity, and at different times held important local 
offices, among them that of justice of the peace. 
He was tendered the nomination for representa- 
tive, but refused to make the race. Russell 
Spencer, father of Henry, was a native of Con- 
necticut, and one of the pioneers of Wayne 

The mother of Dr. Spencer was Grace Giles, 
a native of Cornwall, England, whence at the age 
of eight years she accompanied her widowed 
mother to America, settling at Pleasant Mount, 
Pa. There she was married to William H. Spen- 
cer in 1866, and they became the parents of three 
sons, Walter A., Scott B. and Earl H., of whom 
the two last-named are at home with their parents. 
Walter A. received his literary education in Pleas- 
ant Mount Academy, from which he graduated 
in 1885. On the conclusion of his education he 
taught in a country school for one year, and for 
two years held the position of assistant principal 
in the academy from which he graduated. With 
the intention of becoming a dentist, he entered 
the dental department of the University of Penn- 
sylvania, from which he graduated in 1890. After 
completing the course of study, he opened an 
office, and is now located at No. 30 North Main 
Street, Carbondale, where he has since built up 
a renumerative practice. In 1891 he married 
Miss Minnie M. Wingate, daughter of the late Dr. 
Wingate, of Carbondale. She died in 1895, leav- 
ing- one child. 

JOSEPH R. McLean, M. D. The medical 
profession in Scranton is represented by a 
number of skillful practitioners, who have 
an extended knowledge of therapeutics and are 
recognized by the people as physicians of ability. 
This noble profession affords to the student a 
never ending source of investigation and experi- 
ment. New remedies are constantly being dis- 
covered, steady progress is being made in sur- 
gery, and new diseases are presenting themselves 
under varying forms of civilization. Whatever 
may be said of discoveries in other fields of 
knowledge — and certainly they are astonishing 



— it can be truthfully said of this science that not 
one can equal it in the great strides it is making 
toward a comprehensive grasp of the wliole sub- 
ject of man in relation to health and disease, the 
prevention and the cure of ills to which flesh is 

In the list of physicians of the city may be 
mentioned Dr. McLean, who has an office at No. 
305 West Market Street, and is engaged in the 
practice of medicine and surgery here. He is 
a native of Pennsylvania, born in Waymart, 
Wayne County, in 1870, and is a member of a 
family consisting of ten children, of whom nine 
are living, he being next to the youngest. His 
father, Patrick McLean, was for some time a res- 
ident of Providence, where he was employed in 
the railroad company's mines, but removed to 
Waymart, Wayne County, where he has since re- 
sided on a farm, engaging in agricultural pur- 
suits. He married Miss Mary Walsh, an estima- 
ble lady, who died in Wayne County. 

The boyhood years of the subject of this article 
were passed on the home farm and in attendance 
at the Waymart schools. In 1891 he graduated 
from the high school of that place, after whicli 
he entered the medical department of the Uni- 
versity of Pennsylvania and took the regular 
four years' course, graduating in June, 1895, with 
the degree of M. D. Immediately afterward he 
came to Scranton and opened an office at his 
present location, where he has since given his 
attention to professional work. 

country has afforded greater opportu- 
nities to the poor boy than our own. 
Here one who is frugal and industrious has a 
chance to work his way upward, and while some 
fail to do so, the energetic and persevering in 
most cases secure success. In youth the subject 
of this sketch was poor, obliged to work when 
most boys were gaining an education. His first 
money was earned as slate picker in the breaker, 
and from that humble beginning he worked his 
way to his present position as a physician of 

In the city of Merthyr-Tydvil, Wales, Dr. 

Jenkins was born May 24, 1859, a son of William 
and Eleanor (Evans) Jenkins, also natives of that 
place. His grandfather. William Jenkins, who 
engaged in farming there until his death, had 
two sons in the English army, the older of whom 
was killed in the Crimean War. The maternal 
grandfather, Morgan Evans, was an iron ore 
miner and spent his entire life in Wales. Our 
subject's father, who was a coal miner in W^ales, 
brought his family to America in 1869 and set- 
tled in Hazleton, Pa., but shortly afterward re- 
moved to Mahanoy City, thence to Ashton (now 
Lansford), Carbon County, and from there to 
Plymoutli, Luzerne County, where he died in 
1886 at the age of fifty years. His wife, who is 
still living, resides in Taylorville, Lackawanna 
County. Of their children two sons are living. 
Dr. William W., and Morgan E., a business man 
of New York, who makes his home in Palisades 
Park, N. J. 

At the time the family came to the United 
States, our subject was a boy of ten years, and 
afterward he accompanied his parents on their 
various removals. At the age of fourteen he was 
])romoted from the position of slate picker and 
made door-boy inside the mines. From Lans- 
ford he moved to Mauch Chunk, where he 
worked in the mines for eight months. In 1877 
he went to Plymouth, Luzerne County, where 
he continued to work as a miner for two years. 
It had, however, for years been his hope to gain 
a good education, and with that object in view 
he saved his earnings from month to month. In 
1879 he entered Wyoming Seminary and for 
three terms conducted his studies in that insti- 
tution, after which he began to read medicine 
under Dr. D. E. Evans of Plymouth. In the fall 
of 1881 he entered the Eclectic Medical College 
of New York City, and there took the regidar 
course of studies, graduating in 1884, with the 
degree of M. D. Returning to Plymouth, he 
remained there imtil January, 1885, when he 
came to Scranton, and here for a few years he 
carried on a drug business, first m Hyde Park, 
then in Providence. His increasing medical 
practice, however, caused him at last to retire 
from the drug trade and he therefore closed out 
his store, since which time he has devoted him- 



self entirely to his practice, at No. 1824 Wayne 

In this city Dr. Jenkins married Miss Hannah, 
daughter of Lewis Harris, both natives of Wales, 
but for years residents of Scranton, where Mr. 
Harris was formerly engaged in the mercantile 
business. Three children bless the union, Lil- 
lian, \\'illie and Lewis. In his political opinions 
Dr. Jenkins is independent, voting in local elec- 
tions for the men whom he deems best qualified 
to represent the people, but in national elections 
usually votes the Republican ticket, his prefer- 
ence being in that direction. Possessing a cul- 
tured, refined taste, with the soul of a true poet, 
he has written for his own pleasure, rather than 
for publication, a number of poems that evince 
a high grade of scholarship and possess genu- 
ine merit. 

one of the foremost of the young 
attorneys at the Lackawanna County 
bar, and a prominent citizen of Carbon- 
dale, was born at Beaver Meadow, Car- 
bon County, Pa., February 5, 1863. He is a 
son of Jenkin Reynolds, who in young manhood 
came to America from Wales, his native land, 
and, settling in Carbon County, assisted in open- 
ing some of the most important mines there and 
in Schuylkill County. Continuing in that busi- 
ness, as niiiK superintendent, until 1868, he then, 
having accumulated a competency, retired to a 
farm in Gibson Township, Susquehanna County, 
and proceeded to improve and beautify one of the 
finest homesteads in the locality. There he re- 
mained until his death, in 1880. In the Presby- 
terian Churcli he was an exemplary member and 
active worker. He was one of three brothers who 
married sisters, but aside from this fact, little is 
known of their history. Thomas and John, the 
brothers, were for many years prosperous farm- 
ers of Susquehanna County. In regard to wealth 
and social standing, the family belonged to the 
middle classes of Wales, and thus escaped the 
temptations by which the wealthy often fall and 
the sufferings into which the poor are frequently 

The mother of our subject was Elizabeth, 
daughter of Benjamin Daniels, and at the age of 
eight years accompanied her parents from Wales 
to this country, settling with them in Clififord, 
Susquehanna County. For many years her 
father held responsible political positions in his 
native land, and after coming to the United States 
was engaged in various positions, his last years 
being spent on a farm. A member of the Con- 
gregational Church, he was an elder of his con- 
gregation for many years. He was a man of 
peaceable disposition, kind and forgiving in his 
intercourse with all, and devoted much of his time 
to the settlement of neighborhood disputes, thus 
gaining the name of a peacemaker. His advice 
was always timely, and invariably resulted in a 
satisfactory settlement without resorting to the 
courts. His neighbors had unbounded faith in 
his ability and integrity, and frequently entrust- 
ed to him the settlement of their estates. 

The family of which Mrs. Elizabeth Reynolds 
was a member consisted of herself, four sisters, 
and an only brother, who died in young man- 
hood, leaving four sons, Benjamin, John, Mor- 
gan and William Daniels, who have since be- 
come prominent in the business and political cir- 
cles of Lackawanna County. Mrs. Reynolds was 
a lady of noble Christian character, a firm be- 
liever in the doctrines of the Presbyterian Church. 
Her death occurred on the home farm in 1880. 
Of her eleven children, our subject was the 
youngest who grew to mature years. Edward 
J., who entered the Union army at the age of only 
nineteen, served as sergeant of Company H, 
Eighty-first Pennsylvania Infantry, was wounded 
at Gettysburg and killed at Cold Harbor, and 
lies buried at Arlington Heights, Washington, 
D. C. While in the army, he heard of the birth 
of his brother, our subject, whom he never saw. 
Immediately he wrote to his parents, requesting 
that they name him John Fulton, after the daring 
general. John Fulton Reynolds, who lost his life 
on the battlefield of Gettysburg. Another broth- 
er, Benjamin D., a life-long merchant, is now en- 
gaged in that business at South Gibson, Pa., 
where he has been very prosperous; he has been 
prominent in public life, serving as postmaster 
and filling other local offices. His wife was 



Emily Carpenter, a descendant of one of the old- 
est families in Susquehanna County. Elizabeth, 
eldest sister of the subject of our sketch, married 
Edwin J. Evans, and they moved to Hastings, 
Neb., where she died. Jennie, another sister, be- 
came the wife of William X. Reese, and they re- 
sided in Nebraska for a time, but now make their 
home at Forest City, Pa. Mary A., the youngest 
living sister, married T. J. Reese, brother of her 
sister's husband, and they live at Forest City. 
Thomas G., a brother, married Anna Evans, and 
was engaged in farming in Gibson Township, 
Susquehanna County, until his death, January 
II, 1889; he was well known in his community, 
and held several township offices. William E., 
youngest living brother, a carriage manufacturer, 
spent some time in Montana, but now lives in 
Deposit, N. Y. ; his wife was in maidenhood 
Lillie Hincs. The other children died when 

When the subject of this sketch was a boy of 
five years his parents went to live upon a farm, 
and there his youthful days were happily passed. 
Attending the district schools, he made such rapid 
advance that at the age of sixteen he taught a 
country school. Afterward he clerked in his 
brother's store at South Gibson for two years, 
and then took the commercial course in Wyo- 
ming .Seminary at Kingston, Pa. Later, being- 
put in charge of the banking department of that 
institution, he carried on his studies in the liter- 
ary and scientific department during the four 
years he held the position, and graduated in 1887. 
From youth it was his fixed resolve to enter the 
legal profession, and with this object in view he 
became a law student in the office of A. H. I\Ic- 
Collum, of Montrose, Pa., brother of J. P.rewster 
McCollum, of the supreme court of Pennsyl- 
vania. In August, 1889, he was admitted to the 
bar, and in December of the same year came to 
Carbondale, where he has since practiced his 
profession with marked success. A close student, 
hard worker, safe adviser and energetic man, he 
has gained a large practice and enjoys the c(jnfi- 
dence of the v.'hole community. 

Firm in his allegiance to Republican principles 
during the exciting campaign of 1896, Mr. Rey- 
nolds was brought forward by the advocates of 

sound money as their candidate for the legisla- 
ture in the fourth legislative district of Lacka- 
wanna County. ■ The district, while normally 
Democratic, gave Mr. Reynolds a plurality of 
one thousand three hundred and twelve, the larg- 
est plurality ever obtained by any legislative can- 
didate in the district. 

In October, 1891, he married Miss Bessie 
Tyler, who was his schoolmate in Wyoming 
Seminary, and was the daughter of a prominent 
retired farmer of Oneonta, N. Y. They are the 
parents of one daughter, Mildred Alice, born 
January 24, 1894. Their liome is a comfortable 
dwelling on Park Street, which in its interior re- 
flects the refined tastes of the inmates. In their 
religious affiliations they are identified with the 
Presbyterian Church, the work of which they 
generously aid in forwarding. They have the 
culture and refinement which high aspirations 
bring, and are fitted to adorn any position in 
social life. 

few families tliat have so brilliant a record 
for valor and patriotism as the one of 
w hich Captain Pearce is a representative. It was 
founded in Cornwall, England, by his great- 
grandfather, a colonel in the British army, who 
was stationed there and continued to make that 
shire his home until death, marrvinsf and rearing- 
his children there. The Captain's mother had 
two brothers who were lieutenants in the British 
army, one of whom was killed at the storming 
of Sebastopol and the other, being fatally wound- 
ed during the same siege, died on the Island of 
Malta while en route home. 

At the opening of the Rebellion, when the per- 
petuity of the L^nion was threatened, the subject 
of this sketch, then a youth in his teens, became 
so aroused tJiat, with his father and brothers, he 
enlisted in the army. His record as a soldier is 
one of the highest honor, while his sufferings on 
the tented field and in the rebel prison pens were 
so terrible that they should bring him the grati- 
tude of every loyal patriot. The patriotic spirit 
which led him to bear all the hardships of war 
was amply evidenced at the first signal of conflict, 



Ft. Sumter was fired on Friday and reduced on 
Saturday, and Sunday night a rebel flag (the only 
one ever displayed in Scranton) was placed on 
the schoolhouse. Early Monday morning Judge 
Archbald told a group of boys, of whom he was 
one, that the flag was on top of the schoolhouse, 
and on it was painted the palmetto tree, with a 
star, and a rattlesnake crawling up. At first it 
seemed a difficult problem as to how the flag was 
to be gotten down, there being no ladder, but 
he was soon master of the situation ; climbing up 
over doors and windows until able to catch hold 
of the cornice, and finally reaching the roof, he 
tore down the flag, upon which he stamped as 
soon as he was again on the ground. 

The Pearce family, as before stated, originated 
in England. Our subject's father, William, was 
born in Liskeard, Cornwall, January 21, 1818, 
the son of an agriculturist and butclicr. After 
his marriage he came to America in 1840 and set- 
tled in Bethany, Wayne County, Pa., where his 
son, Edwin W., was born January 7, 1844. There 
he continued as a farmer until 1854, when he 
came to .Scranton and opened a meat market in 
North Main Avenue, Providence. Later he was 
employed in the construction of the old Luzerne 
works in the Hollow or Notch, and afterward as- 
sisted in sinking the von Storch shaft. This work 
completed, he resumed the butcher's business as 
a member of the firm of Pearce & Kennedy. 
When his sons went into the army, he also en- 
listed, becoming a member of Company F, Fif- 
tieth New York Engineers, in which he served 
until the close of the war. His last active work 
was as engineer and general coal inspector with 
the Delaware & Hudson. Notwithstanding his 
seventy-eight years he is hale and robust, and 
enjoys life in his quiet home in North Main 

The marriage of William Pearce united him 
with Martha Clathworthy, the daughter of a 
large shipyard owner in Davenport, England, 
where she was born. Of the family she is the 
only one v.'ho ever came to the United States. 
She is still living and is now seventy-six years of 
age. Her six children are named as follows: 
William H., member of Company B, One Hun- 
dred and Thirty-sixth Pennsylvania Infantry dur- 

ing the war, and now a carpenter and builder re- 
siding in Milford, N. Y. ; Edwin W. ; Jennie A., 
widow of L. S. Tripp, of Scranton; Richard C, 
who was a member of a construction corps in the 
Union army and is now an engineer on the Le- 
high Valley Railroad, with residence in Sayre, 
Pa.; Minnie E., Mrs. E. H. White, of New York 
City; and Emma A., wife of Jacob K. Smith, a 
grocer in West Market Street. 

In 1854 the subject of this sketch accompanied 
his father to Providence, where he attended the 
public and high schools. October 23, 1861, he 
enlisted at Harrisburg as a private in Company 
A, One Hundred and Seventh Pennsylvania In- 
fantry, and went with his regiment to Washing- 
ton, D. C. He took part in every engagement of 
the Army of the Potomac from that time until 
his capture by the Confederates, among these 
engagements being Cedar Mountain, Rappahan- 
nock Station, second battle of Bull Run, Chan- 
tilly. South Mountain, Antietam, Fredericksburg, 
Chancellorsville, the three days' battle at Gettys- 
burg, Mine Run, Mead's retreat from Rapidan, 
where there was continuous skirmishing, and 
Spottsylvania. While fighting in a cornfield at 
Antietam, he was wounded by a minie-ball, which 
knocked him down, but he got up at once and 
seizing another gun (his own ammunition having 
been exhausted) he continued at the front until 
his regiment was relieved by the Seventh Wis- 
consin. In February, 1864, at the expiration of 
his time, he again enlisted, and afterward fought 
at Bethesda Church, Cold Harbor, th«nvestment 
of Petersburg, and Weldon Railroad. 

In the last-named battle, August 19, 1864, Cap- 
tain Pearce was captured together with other 
comrades and was taken to Petersburg, thence to 
Libby, Castle Thunder, Pemberton Building, 
Belle Island; Danville and Salisbury, N. C, re- 
maining in the latter place for five and one-half 
months. When the prison was broken up, he 
was sent to Greensboro, thence to Raleigh and 
Goldsboro, where he was paroled in March, 1865, 
and sent to Wilmington, coming into Union lines 
on Cape Fear River. The sufferings of his prison 
life are indescribable. In Libby he was forced 
to disrobe and the rebels took his good clothing, 
leaving liim rags in their stead. The only blouse 



he had was worn out at the elbows and shoulders, 
while over it he threw an old piece of carpet, with 
holes for the arms to slip through. At Salisbury 
the prisoners had no tents or shelter, and were 
not even given blankets, so dug holes in the 
ground, into which they crawled and which fur- 
nished them a partial protection from the cold. 
When he reached the Union lines, he was almost 
starved, having for seventy-two hours had noth- 
ing to eat except a pint of corn meal, which was 
composed of the corn and cob ground together. 

Out of sixteen thousand prisoners at Salisbury, 
twelve thousand one hundred and twenty-six died 
and of the balance less than four thousand lived 
to come into the Union lines; of those who 
reached the Federal lines, many died before they 
could get to their homes. Of the large number 
who died, twelve thousand and thirty-t\vo are 
sleeping in graves that arc simply marked "un- 
known,"' as no record was kept of the prisoners. 
Captain Pearce was one of a committee who 
asked permission of the general to keep a record, 
but they were refused. There was no nuining 
water, and wells were dug in order to secure 
water for drinking purposes. 

On Thanksgiving Day, November 25, 1864, 
Captain Pearce and others made a break for lib- 
erty. They had their guns loaded with boiler 
scrap and he was wounded two times, once under 
the left knee cap, the marks of which he still 
bears, and the other time in the right hip, which 
was very slow in healing. .Xt the time of cap- 
ture he weighed one hundred and sixty-seven 
pounds, but on his return to Scranton his weight 
was reduced to si.xty-two and one-half pounds. 
Soon after he reached home he was taken ill with 
typhoid, bilious and iiilennittint lever, all at 
once, and lay for weeks luiconscious. At times 
he was thought to be dead. His mother, who 
watched over him ceaselessly, even losing her 
eyesight in her anxiety, was told by the physi- 
cian that he was dead, but she refused to believe 
it. Gradually he gained strength, but it was not 
until after many weary months that he was able 
to leave his room, and the marks of his suffering 
he will bear to the grave. He was honorably dis- 
charged from the service June 12, 1865, at Camp 
Powell, Md. 

After clerking for a time, Captain Pearce 
learned the carpenter's trade, which he followed 
in the employ of another for two and one-half 
years, and then engaged with his brother in con- 
tracting and building. In 1870 failing health 
obliged him to leave the work. He then took a 
commercial course in Wyoming Seminary, 
Kingston, and afterward had charge of the boot 
and shoe and gents" fitrnishing goods department 
for Ambrose Mulley. In 1884 he went to Milford, 
Otsego County, N. Y., where he engaged at the 
carpenter's trade with his brother, but three years 
later, February 22, 1887, his brother, through 
an accident in the mill, lost his hand, after which 
our subject could not bear the thought of return- 
ing to work there, but gave to his brother his in- 
terest in the mill, amounting to $3,000. 

Returning to Providence in 1887, Captain 
Pearce helped to erect the buildings of the Scran- 
ton Forging Company and put in the machinery, 
which he has since kept in good running order. 
His first marriage, June 24, 1869, united him 
with Mary C. Calloway, who was born 
in Flonesdale, Pa., a daughter of Thomas 
Calloway, who came to this country from 
Cornwall. She died ten months after her 
marriage. At Kingston, October 24, 1872, Cap- 
tain Pearce married Miss Etta L. Robbins, 
daughter of Cornelius Robbins, a veteran of the 
Fifty-eiglith Pennsylvania Infantry. Mrs. Pearce 
was born in Owego, N. Y., and graduated from 
the schools of Kingston. Two sons bless the 
union, Warren Robbins, who is assistant ship- 
ping clerk for the Scranton Forging Company, 
and Roy E. W. The family residence is at No. 
613 East Market Street. 

A Republican in politics. Captain Pearce has 
been active in connnittee work. For three years 
he represented the first ward in the select coun- 
cil, and was chairman of the police committee 
which drew up the present police ordinances. 
Fraternally he is associated with Celestial Lodge 
^^o. 833, I. O. O. F., Veteran Soldiers Associa- 
tion, and Lieut. Ezra S. Griffin Post No. 139, 
G. A. R., which he had the honor of naming. At 
three different times he has been commissioned 
an aide on Gen. E. S. Osborne's staff. In 1870 
he raised the company known as Scranton Zoo- 



RIvHSlv C. liROOKS. 



aves, and July 19 of that year he was commis- 
sioned the first captain by Governor Geary, con- 
tinuing in that capacity until he was transferred 
to Company B, Ninth Regiment, National Guard 
of Pennsylvania. In 1876 he was elected major 
of the Ninth Regiment, commissioned by Gov. 
T. F. Hartranft, and held that rank until the re- 
organization of the guard two years later. Just 
one month before this, he was elected lieutenant- 
colonel by the officers of the Ninth at Wilkes- 
barre, but the reorganization changed other 
plans. He then raised Company H, Thirteenth 
National Guard of Pennsylvania, and was com- 
missioned captain by Governor Hartranft, re- 
maining in service until 1880, when he resigned 
from the guard. In religious belief he is con- 
nected with Asbur}' Methodist Episcopal Church. 

REESE G. BROOKS. With a number of 
important enterprises in Scranton ]Mr. 
Brooks is closely identified, having assist- 
ed in establishing and carrying forward various 
business concerns. At this writing he is presi- 
dent of three coal companies, the Greenwood, 
Langclifle and Laflin, vice-president and a di- 
rector of the Dime and the West Side Banks, a 
director in the Consumers' Ice Company, and is 
also a member of the firm of McClave, Brooks & 
Co., manufacturers of patent grates and blowers. 
His uno.stentatious, yet useful and successful life, 
bears an important lesson to the growing genera- 
tion. In life's severest struggles he has never 
faltered. He has reared a family to whom he gave 
the best of all heritages, a name that was never 
tarnished. As a public official he attended to 
the duties of his ofifice with due diligence and at 
all times conserved the public welfare. 

Reviewing the history of the Brooks family, 
we find that they are of English origin. William, 
father of Reese G., was born in Monmouthshire, 
England, the son of an agriculturist there, and 
in 1842 came to America, settling in Scranton. 
After working for a time with the Lackawanna 
Iron & Coal Company, and the Delaware, 
Lackawanna & Western Railroad Company, he 
later resided on a farm in Spring Brook Town- 
ship until he retired from active labors. His 
death occurred in Scranton in 1888. He mar- 


ried Sarah Powell, who was bom in Devonock, 
Wales, near the castle occupied by Patti, and who 
now resides in West Scranton. Of her six sons 
and one daughter, the latter and two of the boys 
are living. H. J., our subject's brother, is fore- 
man of the Laflin Coal Company. 

On Christmas Day of 1846 Reese G. Brooks 
was born in Scranton and here he was reared, at- 
tending the schools of Hyde Park. In 1863, when 
Lee invaded Pennsylvania, he joined an emer- 
gency company raised in this locality, and went to 
Harrisburg, where he was detailed in hospital ser- 
vice. On his return home he took a position as 
brakeman on the Delaware, Lackawanna & West- 
ern Railroad, where he remained until the fall 
of 1864. Again entering the army, he was as- 
signed to a corps in East Tennessee and was 
present at Chattanooga and Missionary Ridge. 
From the former place he went to Cleveland, 
Tenn., and Dalton and Athens, Ga. In the spring 
of 1865, at the close of the Rebellion, he was hon- 
orably discharged and returned home. Later in 
the same year he became connected with the Mt. 
Pleasant Coal Company and for three years after- 
ward was employed in their mines, after which 
he had charge of a shaft for the Lackawanna 
Iron & Steel Company. He held the position of 
general inside foreman, and then for almost twen- 
ty-six years was general superintendent of the 
coal department. 

Meantime, in 1884, jMr. Brooks organized the 
Greenwood Coal Company, of which he has since 
been president and which has two breakers with 
three shafts located at the edge of the city. A 
low estimate places the capacity of Ihe mines at 
fifteen hundred tons per day. In May, 1892, he 
organized the Langcliffe Coal Company, seven 
hundred tons daily, one breaker and shaft, lo- 
cated at Avoca, on the county line of Luzerne and 
Lackawanna. Of this he has been president from 
the first. The Laflin Coal Company, of which he 
is president, was organized in 1894 and operates 
mines at Laflin, Luzerne County, fourteen miles 
from Scranton. There are a breaker and shaft, 
with capacity of one thousand tons per day. Em- 
ployment is furnished to more than two thou- 
sand hands. 

While with the Lackawanna Iron & Steel Com- 



pany, Mr. Brooks was one of the organizers of 
the Bridge Coal Company and served as presi- 
dent until it was sold. Within recent years he 
organized the Lee Coal Company and started 
operations, but sold out. In Scranton he mar- 
ried Miss Mary A. Morgan, wJio was born in 
Carbon County, Pa., her father, George Morgan, 
having been one of the oldest miners engaged at 
Nesquehoning. They are the parents of five chil- 
dren: Margaret, Mrs. W. R. McClave; Tliomas 
R., secretary of all the coal companies in which 
his father is interested; George G., a graduate 
of Wyoming Seminary and Cornell University 
and a civil engineer; John H., a graduate of 
Princeton and assistant secretar}- of the coal com- 
panies, and Cora M., Mrs. Willard Matthews. 

Politically a Republican, Mr. Brooks has been 
chairman of the county and city committees at 
different times. For four years he was a mem- 
ber of the board of school control, for seven years 
served as a member of the poor board and for 
four years represented the fifth ward in the select 
council. He was elected city treasurer of Scran- 
ton and served seven years. In June, 1896, he 
went abroad for recreation, accompanying one 
hundred and fifty members of the Manufacturers 
Club of Philadelphia, and visited Itily, Germany, 
France, Belgium, Holland, Austria, England, 
Wales and Ireland, traveling about fifteen thou- 
sand miles in his trip of three months. He has 
also visited points of interest in the United States, 
having been from the Gulf to the Lakes, and from 
the Atlantic to the Mississippi River. He is a 
member of the board of trade in Scranton. Fond 
of social amenities, he is associated with the 
Wawayanda Club of Long Island, tlie Scranton 
Club and the Rod & Reel Forest Club, the latter 
an organization owning a fine club house and ten 
thousand acres of land in Wayne County. 

THOMAS R. P.ROOKS, secretary of the 
Greenwood, Langcliffe and Laflin Coal 
Companies and one of the rising young 
business men of Scranton, was born in this city 
June IQ, 1869, and is a son of Reese G. Brooks. 
At the age of fifteen, after having acquired a fair 
education in the public schools, he took a posi- 
tion as clerk with the Greenwood Coal Company 

and after a time was made bookkeeper, serving in 
that capacity until 1890, when he became a stock- 
holder and director. At the same time he was 
chosen secretary of the company, which posi- 
tion he has since filled with efficiency. 

Upon the organization of the LangclilTe Coal 
Company in 1892, Mr. Brooks was made secre- 
tary and a director, and has since, by working in 
these capacities, contributed to the growth of 
this concern. Since the organization of the 
Laflin Coal Company in 1894, he has been its 
secretary and treasurer. During the existence of 
the Lee Coal Company he was secretary until it 
sold out. While his father was city treasurer for 
seven years, he held the position of deputy. In 
connection with George M. DeWitt, under the 
firm title of DeWitt & Brooks, our subject or- 
ganized a retail coal and ice company, and the 
business grew so rapidly that it resulted in the 
formation of the Pocono Ice Company, of which 
he was secretary and treasurer. Two years later 
the concern was consolidated with the Consum- 
ers' Ice Company, an important and flourishing 
business, in which he is one of the largest indi- 
vidual stockholders, and his father a director. 
When the Dime Bank was established he was a 
stockholder, but after a time disposed of his 

The marriage of Mr. Brooks occurred in Scran- 
ton and united him with Miss Bertha Griffin, 
daughter of George Griffin. They are the pa- 
rents of two children, Margaret and Edward S., 
who with them occupy the family residence at 
No. 1006 Linden Street. Socially Mr. Brooks is 
identified with the Scranton Club. A Republican 
in his political opinions, he is a member of the 
county central committee and one of the active 
men in his party. About 1894 he and Mr. DeWitt 
formed a partnership and embarked in the hand- 
ling and manufacture of all kinds of blasting 
powder, having their office in the Traders Bank 
Building and the magazine in Lackawanna 
Township, three miles from Scranton. 

HERMAN BESSEY, M. D. While the 
])cri()d of his residence in Scranton has 
been of comparatively short duration. Dr. 
Bessey has already gained a position among the 



thoroughly informed, skillful physicians and sur- 
geons of the city and is recognized as a man of 
broad professional knowledge, with the ability 
to succeed in the vocation chosen as his life work. 
Since coming to this place in July, 1896, he has 
had his ofifice at No. 1745 Church Avenue, corner 
of Oak Street. 

The family represented by the subject of this 
article originated in France, from which country 
his grandfather, Lyman Bessey, came to America 
and settled in New York State. In his native land 
he was a man of wealth, high standing and influ- 
ence, and after establishing his home in the Unit- 
ed States he became equally prominent among 
the people of his community. George Bessey, the 
Doctors father, was born near Nichols, N. Y., 
and removed thence to Bradford County, Pa., 
settling north of Towanda, where he engaged in 
the manufacture of lumber and owned a large 
mill on Fowler Creek. He died of apoplexy 
about 1868. His wife, who bore the maiden name 
of Amanda S. Staples, was born in Rutland 
County, Vt., and died in Bradford County in 
1867. She was a daughter of John Staples, who 
was of remote German extraction and engaged 
extensively in farming in the Green Mountain 

In the family of George and Amanda S. Bessey 
there are three sons living, namely: Herman, of 
this sketch ; Rev. F. E., pastor of the Presbyterian 
Church at Rome, Pa.; and Hiram G., who lives 
in Elmira, N. Y. In 1861 the subject of this rec- 
ord was born at the home of his parents near 
Towanda, a beautiful borough in Bradford 
County, that derives its name from an Indian 
legend and means "two one day." His early 
childhood years were spent there and at Monroe- 
ton, but at the age of ten years he went to live 
with an aunt in Fairfax County, Va., and was 
reared on a large farm about nine miles from 
the city of Washington. At an early age he 
proved the possession of more than ordinary abil- 
ity and v;as therefore given the best educational 
advantages the schools of the country afforded. 
After completing the high school course, he pre- 
pared for Princeton College at Hightstown, N. J., 
graduating from the classical institute in that 
place. He then entered the freshman class of 
Princeton College, but after a year there, in 1882 

he became a student in Lafayette College at 
Easton, where he spent a year. 

On the completion of his studies our subject 
began to teach in Newcastle County, Del., and 
after a short time was appointed by Gov. Benja- 
min T. Biggs as superintendent of public inslruc- 
lion for Newcastle County, receiving indorse- 
ment from the bar and judiciary of Delaware. 
He remained in that position from 1887 until 
1890, inclusive, after which, in 1891, he began to 
study medicine in the University of Pennsyl- 
vania, remaining there until his graduation, June 
13, 1895, with the degree of M. D. While in the 
university he took a special course in practical 
obstetrics and medical jurisprudence, and gained 
, considerable valuable experience in the hospitals. 
For a time he was resident physician of the Phil- 
adelphia dispensary at Fifth and Chestnut Streets. 
In 1896 he came to Scranton and has since identi- 
fied himself with the Lackawanna County Med- 
ical Society and the other professional interests 
of the locality. While in Philadelphia he attended 
the medical, surgical and gynecological societies. 
In religious belief he is identified with the Pres- 
byterian Church, fraternally is a Master Mason, 
and in his political views adheres <"0 Republican 

of the leading business men of Carbondale, 
was born in this city March 4, 1850, the 
only son of John and Anna (Arnold) Aitken, 
natives respectively of Glasgow, Scotland, and 
Rhode Island. His paternal grandfather, John 
Aitken, Sr., came from the higher class of the 
sturdy Scotch race, and was an expert mechanic 
and worker in iron and brass. On emigrating 
from Scotland to America, he settled in Philadel- 
phia, where he engaged in the manufacture of 
brass goods. Later, through the influence of a 
Scotch friend, he bought a large tract of land in 
Susquehanna County, adjoining the property of 
a cousin, John Tinker. Having been born and 
bred in the citv of Glasgow, and having spent 
his entire life in commercial pursuits, he soon 
wearied of the monotony of farm life. Locating 
in CarboTidale, he assisted his son John in the 
establishing of an iron and brass foundry, 



At the time the family emigrated to America, 
our subject's father was quite young, and he ac- 
companied his parents on their various removals. 
He became the pioneer manufacturer of the Lack- 
awanna Valley, and Iniilt ui) the leading enter- 
prise of the day in Carbondale. In 1843 he erect- 
ed the first three-story building in the place, on 
the corner of River Street and Salem Avenue, 
for the manufacture of agricultural implements 
and tinware, in connection with his large iron and 
brass foundry. While still comparatively young, 
Mr. Aitkcn departed this life in 1857. His wife, 
who was a number of a good old Puritan family 
of Revolutionary fame, died in 1894. Both were 
consistent members of the Presbyterian Church. 
They had only two children, John W. and Anna 
Louise, wlio is the wife of H. B. Jadv,-in, of Car- 

Educated in the high school of Carbondale, 
Mr. Aitkcn began his business career with Wil- 
liam H. Richmond, but later was with John- Watt 
fk Sons. He abandoned the mercantile trade to 
become connected with Jadwin & Co., in the drug 
business, and afterward formed a partnership 
with his brother-in-law, H. B. Jadwin, under the 
firm title of Jadwin & Aitkcn, their connection 
continuing for two years. In 1876 he established 
a drug store in North Main Street, and for eigh- 
teen years carried on a lucrative business there. 
but then sold out. He has been prominently 
identified with the city's growth and its various 
enterprises. His foresight, as president of the 
Carbondale board of trade, which he organized 
in 1886, gave the city its system of electric light- 
ing, the first plant ever sold by the Westinghousc 
Company. In 187S he purchased the Keystone 
Hotel, corner of Main Street and Salem Avenue, 
and remodeled it into tlie Aitken Building, one 
of the n)ost substantial store and office structures 
in the placo. 

For years Mr. Aitken devoted his best energies 
to securing for Carbondale an electric railwa\- 
system superior to that of any city of similar size 
in the United States. Believing that the promo- 
tion of ever)' progressive enterprise affects, di- 
rectly or indirectly, every citizen of llic place, he 
never hesitates to endeavor to secure the co-oper- 
ation of rjthers in plans for the prosperity of the 

place. He was a charter member of the Young 
Men's Library Association, and, aside from Pro- 
fessor Francis, was the most active worker in its 
organization. Many other local enterprises have 
had his financial support and the benefit of his 

In the summer of 1896, in company with about 
one hundred and fifty members of the Manufac- 
turers' Club of Philadelphia, Mr. Aitken made an 
extensive tour through Europe. While in the 
United Kingdom and on the continent, they 
traveled in special cars chartered expressly for 
their use. In all parts of the various European 
countries they met with a most cordial reception, 
and were accorded an audience with Gladstone 
at his country-seat, Hawarden, where he gave 
them an address of welcome. Wlien one of the 
party proposed three cheers for the "grand old 
man," it was given with such enthusiasm and 
fervor that he remarked he "thought the English 
people could beat the world in cheering, but they 
can't come up to you Americans.'" 

In 1877 Mr. Aitken was united in marriage 
with Miss Lsabella, daughter of George L. Morss. 
She died in 1895, leaving four children, George 
Morss, Ethel Lois, John ^^■inficl(l, Jr., and Harold 

PROF. REEVE JONES. There are many 
noble arts that conduce to the develop- 
ment of the highest faculties of man, and 
among these music ranks as chief. Its power is 
boundless; it sways its scepter over the entire 
world, bringing within its kindly rule not only 
mankind but the animal kingdom as well. 
Legion are tl'.e names of the heroes whom music 
has inspn-cd to deeds of deathless valor. Count- 
less, too, are the numbers of those who, in the 
common walks of life, have found in soul-stirring 
music a welcomed release from the heavy cares 
of life. It may tlierefore be justly regarded as a 
benefactor o( tin- human r;icc, ami those who are 
the exponents of its rhythmic harmonies and the 
interpreters of its beauties deservedly rank among 
our greatest men. 

.^s a concert pianist Professor Jones has at- 
tained a rc'Mitation that is not limited to Scran- 



ton, where he resides, but extends through other 
portions of the country. As a poet is said to be 
"born, not made," so may it be said of a musician, 
who can never achieve the g-reatest success un- 
less he possesses an innate love and talent for the' 
art. Inheriting from his father decided talent in 
this line, the Professor has added thereto all the 
knowledge which instruction under the best mas- 
ters, at home and abroad, can secure, and is 
therefore thoroughly equipped for his life work. 
He makes a specialty of teaching fine tone pro- 
duction and in forming an artistic and refined 
touch upon the piano. In addition to instruc- 
tion upon the pianoforte he is musical director 
for the First Presbyterian Church, one of the 
finest in Scranton. 

The family of which Professor Jones and his 
sisters, Mrs. T. J. Price and Mrs. Protheroe of 
Scranton, are members, originated in Wales, 
where his parents. Professor Robert and Jane 
(Simonds) Jones, were born. His father, who 
grew to manhood near Swansea, studied music 
there, adding by cultivation to the musical talent 
he had inlierited. He had aheady attained some 
note as a musician when he came to America 
and settled in Pottsville, Pa., where he married. 
There he gave instruction in music and held the 
position of choir leader in the iMrst Welsh Bap- 
tist Church. Under his efficient direction the 
choir became known as the finest in that part 
of the state. The Pennsylvania Glee Club, of 
which he was leader and which consisted of six- 
teen male voices, sang throughout the entire 
state, always winning the first prize in musical 
contests. Besides his other work, he composed a 
number of selections for the piano. Since 1884 
he has lived in retirement in Scranton, his home 
being on the west side. ' 

During the residence of his parents in St. 
Clair, Pa., the subject of this article was born in 
1864. His childhood years were passed princi- 
pally in Scranton, where he attended the public 
and high schools. His musical talent became 
evident at a very early age and when only six he 
began to study under his father. Six years later 
he traveled with his father's company as pianist, 
visiting the principal cities of the United States, 
and spending almost one year in travel. In 1880, 

wishing to obtain the highest advantages in the 
art, he went to Boston, where for three years he 
studied in Petcrsilea's Music Scliool, graduating 
in 1884, whh the gold medal and the highest 
honors amtjng a class of thirty-four. He re- 
mained in Boston until 1885 as piano soloist and 
teacher, after which he made another concert 
tour of the United States. 

Returning to Scranton in 1887, Professor 
Jones soon became well known here as a concert 
pianist. In 1890 he went to Europe as solo 
pianist with Madame Marie Roze, touring for 
two years, after which he opened a studio in Lon- 
don and engaged in concert work for two years. 
On his return to America in 1894, he taught for 
a year in New York City, and in 1895 established 
his studio in Scranton. For a time he had his 
studio at No. 134 Wyoming Avenue, but in Sep- 
tember, 1896, removed to his present location, 
on Linden Street and Adams Avenue. He has 
given concerts here and in Wilkesbarre, New 
York City and other places, his interpretations 
of the great masters winning applause even from 
the most critical. He has composed a number 
of pieces, as yet unpublished, which he renders 
at recitals. His art engrosses his attentiou to 
the exclusion of public affairs, but he is well in- 
formed upon national issues and supports Re- 
publican principles. In Boston he married Miss 
Jennie Mayell, who was born and reared in Lon- 
don and who is fitted, by eihication and accom- 
pHshments, to be the companion of his intellect 
as well as his heart. 

HENRY FREY. Among the arts that con- 
tribute to the happiness of mankind there 
are none more valuable than photogra- 
phy. By means of it we are enal)led to possess 
likenesses of dear ones, from whom the grave 
has parted us and whose portraits therefore are 
cherished with the deepest afifection as links in 
memory's chain, binding us to the past. Through 
it, too, we trace the history of our lives or those 
of our children back through the different ages 
to babyhood. In modern times the art of pho- 
tography has been greatly developed, through 
the labors of men in difTerent parts of the world, 



until now it lias almost reached the stage of per- 
fection. Doubtless among the photographers of 
Scranton tlKTc is no one more devoted to his art 
or better informed with regard to it, than is the 
subject of this article. Without disparaging the 
work of other artists, it may with justice be said 
that as a photographer his work is unexcelled b/ 
any one in the city. 

A native of Zurich, Switzerland, Mr. Frey is 
the son of Conrad and Anna (Neracher) Frey, 
who were born in the canton of Zurich and lived 
upon a farm there; tiie former is deceased, but 
the latter is still living, being at this writing 
eighty-one ye<irs of age. She is a member of the 
Reformed Church, to which her husband also be- 
longed. Of their three sons and three daugh- 
ters, all of whom survive, Henry is fourth in 
order of birth and the only one in America. He 
received his education in a gymnasium, after 
which he clerked in a cotton factory. Coming 
to the United States in 1869^ he proceeded west- 
ward to Illinois and spent six months on a farm 
in Highland. Thence he went south to Missis- 
sippi and for a year engaged in raising cotton, 
but not liking the work or the climate, he went 
to Memphis, Tenn., and for two years was clerk 
in a furnishing store. It was while there that 
he studied photograph}', in whicli from the first 
he was deeply interested. On attaining a knowl- 
edge of the work, he journeyed through Missis- 
sippi as a traveling artist for a year, and then 
went to Baltimore, where he perfected himself in 
general photography. 

In August, 1874, Mr. Frey came to Scranton 
and for a year worked in Mr. Jewell's gallery, 
after which he bought out that gentleman and 
continued the photograph gallery on the corner 
of Main and Jackson. In 1883 he purchased from 
L. R. Evans his present place, and after carrying 
on the two galleries for tliree years, he closed out 
the older, combining it with the one at Xo. 421 
Lackawanna Avenue. Here he occupies a whole 
floor, having a reception room, operating room, 
laboratory, and a printing room on the top floor. 
The entire work he superintends himself, having 
three or four assistants. All negatives are pre- 
served, and he now has over thirty thousand on 
hand. He has cameras of different sizes up to 

14x17, and can make a photograph almost life 
size. In addition to photography, he does work 
in crayons, pastels, oil and vvater colors, porce- 
lain and india ink. 

The marriage of Mr. Frey, which took place in 
Scranton, united him with Miss Louisa Blatter, 
who was born in Jeffersonville, Sullivan County, 
N. Y., and they reside at No. 519 Pine Street. 
J'raternally Mr. I-'rey is associated with the 
Knights of Pythias; Scranton Gruetli Verein 
(Swiss Society), of which he has been treasurer; 
Liederkranz, Turn Verein, Lackawanna Society 
of History and Science, and American Photogra- 
phers Association, some of the meetings of whicli 
he has attended. In national politics he affiliates 
with the Republicans and in religious connec- 
tions is a member of the Mifllin Avenue German 
Lutheran Church. 

EDWARD CLARKSON. "Dost thou love 
life? Then do not squander time, for that 
is the stufi life is made of," says Franklin. 
Select from among business men those who have 
no idle day in the year, and they are the men who 
keep posted concerning public questions, assist 
in local enterprises and give of their time to help 
in the upbuilding of their communities. He who 
knows how to economize time can engage in va- 
rious lines of work, yet find leisure for the consid- 
eration of national and local issues. Of Mr. 
Clarkson it may be said that, while his business 
duties are engrossing, they do not prevent him 
from taking a thoughtful interest in every plan 
for the advancement of Carbondale, his home, 
and the county as well. 

Mr. Clarkson, who is president of the Electric 
Light Company and vice-president of the First 
National Hank of Carbondale, was born in this 
city December 6, 183 1. His father, the late James 
Clarkson, was born in Hcrmand, Scotland, in 
1799, anil at tlie age of sixteen was made man- 
ager of the estate of Lord Maitland, which shows 
that in early life he displayed the executive abil- 
ity so noticeable in his later years. While hold- 
ing that position he married Margaret McGill, a 
native of the same place as himself, who died in 
Carbondale in 1 87 1. 


20 1 

Accompanied by his wife and child, James 
Clarkson came to America in 1829, landing in 
Philadelphia, where he made arrangements to 
take charge of the large farm of William Graham, 
at DundafT. Soon, however, he saw greater op- 
portunities in his adopted country than the man- 
aeine of a farm. It was about the time that coal 

o o 

was discovered in this vicinity, and he became 
connected with the Delaware & Hudson Rail- 
road, then building. He was made superintend- 
ent of the Delaware & Hudson coal mines and 
all of the great developments in their coal fields 
were under his ever watchful eye. This posi- 
tion he held for thirty years,, when he resigned. 
Meantime, by good financiering and profitable 
investment, he accumulated a good-sized fortune. 

During his connection with the mines, James 
Clarkson made one of the largest and most in- 
teresting private collections of fossils in the world. 
This he sold to the Smithsonian Institute at 
Washington for $10,000 and it is now on exhi- 
bition there. The sale was made during the Civil 
War and the sum received was donated by him 
to the relief of the soldiers in the fields and hos- 
pitals. While he took a warm interest in all 
local afifairs, he never aspired to or held any of 
the local offices. An ardent Republican, he aided 
during the Civil War in maintaining the preser- 
vation of the Union. Pie was raised in the Pres- 
byterian faith, but during the latter years of his 
life with his wife he attended the Episcopal 
Church. Fraternally he was identified with the 
Order of Foresters. In the fall of 1876, when 
in feeble health, he visited the Centennial at Phil- 
adelphia and there contracted a severe cold, 
which was the cause of his death, November 10, 

The only sister of our subject, Jemima, was 
born in Scotland and married John Love, of Car- 
bondale. She died in 1852 and her husband in 
1874, leaving a daughter, Margaret, who is now 
living in Brooklyn and shares with our subject 
in the large estate. Edward Clarkson was edu- 
cated in Wyoming Seminary, Kingston, and 
afterward learned the machinist's trade in a shop 
in Pittston, in wdiich his father was interested. In 
December, 1862, he joined the crew as first-class 
fireman on board the monitor "Weehawken;" 

he was one of the fortunate ones who escaped 
when this vessel was sunk ofif Morris Island. 
Afterward he was on the sloop-of-war "Pawnee,"' 
and remained until the expiration of his term 
of enlistment, being honorably discharged May 
24, 1864. Later he was in the coal business in 
what is now known as the Franklin mine, but in 
the early '70s relinquished this on account of his 
father's failing health and from that time was 
constantly with his father until the latter's death, 
assisting in the management of his several 
large interests. He is a director in the Crystal 
Lake Water Company, the owner of many farms 
and other large property interests. 

In 1 87 1 Mr. Clarkson married Miss Cornelia 
V. Mellen, who was born in Hudson, N. Y. After 
the death of her parents when she was a child, 
she went to New York City and for several years 
lived with an aunt, later came to Carbondale to 
make her home with her brother, Charles O., 
who has been connected with the Van Bergen 
Company, Limited, since he was nineteen years 
of age. Mr. and Mrs. Clarkson have an only 
child, Margaret J., who was educated in the Nor- 
wallv (Conn.) Female Seminary. 

A large-hearted and public-spirited man, Mr. 
Clarkson assists in every enterprise calculated to 
help the community and contributes to religious 
causes, especially to the Presbyterian Church, 
with which his wife and daughter are identified. 
Through his business connections he is widely 
known and has always received the confidence 
of his associates. 

EZIEGLER BOWER, M. D., who is en- 
gaged in the practice of the medical pro- 
• fession at Scranton, was born in Delta, 
York County, Pa., of German and French de- 
scent. His father, C. F., who was bom in Ger- 
many, came to America in 1845, and during the 
war was en:ployed in the government service as 
a locksmith in the Washington navy yard. This 
trade he learned in youth in his native land, 
where he had done the work on the addition to 
the University of Pleidelberg. During the Re- 
bellion, at the first call for soldiers, he responded, 
but was rejected, and later, on.being drafted, was 



again rejected. On tlie close of the war he set- 
tled npon a farm in York County, just north of 
the Maryland state line, where he has since en- 
gaged in agricultural pursuits. Politically, he af- 
filiates with the Democratic party. His father 
was king's forester in Wurtemberg, and a man 
of some local prominence. 

The mother of our subject, Angeline Grancel, 
was born within a half-mile of her present place 
of residence. Her father, Augustus Grancel, was 
born in France, of French and Spanish ancestry, 
and in childhood accompanied his parents to New 
York City. After some time he settled in York 
County, where he became a large and successful 
farmer, prominent citizen and leading worker in 
the Methodist Episcopal Church, in which he was 
a class-leader and local e.xliorter. His wife was 
a Miss Ziegler, who was born in America of direct 
German descent. 

The family of which Dr. Bower is a member 
consists of himself and three sisters, a brother 
having died in childhood. The sisters are Mrs. 
T. Ziegler, of Florida; Mrs. Frank Malone, of 
Chattanooga, Tenn. ; and Rose A., M. D., a grad- 
uate of the medical department of the Michigan 
State University, and now a medical missionary 
in Congo Free State, Africa. Before receiving 
her degree, she was a missionary in Liberia, and 
upon recovering from an illness entered college, 
where she remained until graduation. Our sub- 
ject spent the first fifteen years of his life on tlie 
home farm, meantime attending the public school 
and one term in a high school. Having a great 
love for travel and adventure, he went to Florida, 
and from there traveled through the south and 
Mexico, spending some time on cattle ranches. 
On his return to the north, he studied for two 
years in Pennington, N. J., after which he began 
his preparation for the medical profession under 
Dr. Ramsey in 1891. The following year he en- 
tered Jefferson Medical College, Philadelphia, 
from which he graduated in 1895, with an excel- 
lent record for scholarship, being one of two in a 
class numbering over two hundred that graduated 
without a c|uiz. Later he passed an examination 
before the state board. 

July 8, 1895, Dr. Bower opened an oiflce in 
Scranton, where he has since carried on a general 

practice. He takes a warm interest in jiublic mat- 
ters, and uniformly supports the Republican 
party. In Philadelphia, April 23, 1894, he mar- 
ried Miss Sarah B. Brooke, who was born in 
that city and is a graduate of the Jefiferson Hos- 
pital Training School for Nurses. Familiarity 
with tlie profession and its needs enables her to 
ably assist her husband in his work, her knowl- 
edge of the medical science being broad and com- 
prehensive. She is a daughter of Capt. C. D. 
Brooke, who was one of five brothers that served 
in the Union army during the Civil War. For a 
time he was captain of a company attached to 
the One Hundred and Ninety-second Pennsyl- 
vania Infantry, but after being wounded in bat- 
tle, he was placed in charge of the work of the 
commissary department. Since the close of the 
war, he has been an employe in the Philadelphia 
postofifice. where his faithful discharge of duties 
and reliability has won the respect of each suc- 
ceeding postmaster. 

JOHN DEVANEY, who represents the 
seventh ward of Scranton upon the board 
of scliool control, was born in Laporte, 
Sullivan County, Pa., December 18, 1859, ^""J '* 
of Irish parentage and descent. His father, John 
Devaney, .Sr., a native of the Emerald Isle, was 
married in County Sligo to Margaret Devaney, 
who, though bearing the same name, was not a 
relative. On coming to America he spent one 
year in Sullivan County, N. Y., after which he 
was employed on the Delaware & Hudson Canal 
in Susquelianna County for nearly two years, and 
then settled upon a farm in Sullivan County, Pa. 
He afterward entered the employ of McFarlane 
& Thome in Laporte, but removed from that 
place to Bernice in the same county, and from 
there, in .April of 1872, came to Scranton. Here 
for a time lie was in the employ of the Delaware, 
Lackawanna & Western Company in the Dia- 
mond mines, but finally resigned his position and 
is now living retired from active labors. 

The family of John and Margaret Devaney con- 
sisted of nine sons and one daughter, of whom the 
daughter and three of the sons are living. John, 
who was sixth in order of birth, was educated in 




the public schools of Laporte and Bernice. When 
about eleven years of age he became a slate pick- 
er in the employ of a coal company. When the 
family removed to Scranton in 1872, he secured 
work in the Diamond breaker, devoting his even- 
ings to study in the night schools. In September, 
1875, he was apprenticed to the tinsmith's trade 
with Leonard Brothers, and served for five years, 
afterward continuing as an employe for three 
years more. Next he started in business for him- 
self and did well for two years, but then sold out. 
Since 1885 he has been in the employ of Hunt 
& Connell. 

In 1887 JMr. Devaney was nominated on the 
Democratic ticket to represent the seventh ward 
upon the board of school control, and received 
the election, but after having served for seven 
months, the election, by act of state legislature, 
was declared unconstitutional, and he retired. 
After eighteen months, he was again nominated 
in 1889, and gained the election, this time serving 
the full term of four years. In 1893 he was re- 
elected to the position. At this writing he is 
chairman of the finance committee and member 
of the new high school and the teachers' com- 
mittee. He is active in the Democratic party, 
which he has represented as delegate in city and 
county conventions and as member of city and 
legislative committees. A charter member of the 
Tinners' Union, he has several times been chosen 
as its president, and was its delegate to the con- 
vention at Detroit in Februan^, 1896. 

JOSEPH J. ALBRIGHT, deceased, was one 
of the leading business men of Scranton and 
helped to foster many of her infant enter- 
prises in the days when only a hamlet marked 
the present site of this, one of the most prosper- 
ous cities in the state. His life is the oft-repeated 
history of trial and triumph, of obstacles over- 
come, of hope conquering despair, of the gradual 
development of a most noble and truly grand 
character. That he w-on fame and fortune, as 
was his due, matters not so much, after all, as 
that he won in the conflicts with adverse circum- 
stance and gained the mastery over himself. 
Mr. Albright was born in Warwick, Pa., Sep- 

tember 23, iSii, in which pretty town his an- 
cestors had lived for several generations. They 
were of the honest, God-fearing German sect, 
known as Moravians, and though his parents 
were comfortably well off in this world's goods 
he was early taught to be independent. In 1816, 
the family having removed to Nazareth, Pa., he 
was placed in the school called to this day 
"Nazareth Hall," from which many of the best 
citizens in this state have graduated. When he 
had arrived at a suitable age, he decided that he 
did not care to follow his father's trade, that of 
making guns, and instead, learned the tinsmith's 
trade. Not more than three months were requir- 
ed by him in this enterprise, before he embarked 
in business ff>r himself, buying tools and sheet- 
tin from a New York firm. At once he industri- 
ously set to work, and in a few months found that 
he had more tinware on hand than the modest 
population of the town could use in years. Wish- 
ing to dispose of this surplus, he went into the 
adjoining country with his wares, but he soon 
found this method not at all to his liking. 

About this time, he then being almost of age, 
Mr. Albright was offered a position as assistant 
manager of Henry Jordan & Company's Oxford 
furnace, at Oxford, N. J., and accepting the 
same, he remained there three years. From the 
first his ability was apparent, and it was no sur- 
prise to those who knew him, that he was next 
asked to take charge of the largest plant of the 
kind in eastern Pennsylvania, the Catherine 
furnace and forges, near Nazareth, this being in 
the hands of creditors. So well did he manage 
affairs there during the three years following that 
the good Moravians were rescued from bank- 
ruptcy. He introduced successfully the first hot 
blast applied to making iron in the United States 
and brought the first magnetic iron ore into this 
state, from New Jersey. About three years after 
he had taken the management of the Catherine 
furnace, he bought what was then known as the 
Clarissa furnace, forges, etc., situated in Carbon 
County, and in order to do this, was obliged to 
borrow $1,000 at three per cent interest. 

But the ambitious young man had hardly 
launched himself upon his new venture, when a 
sad calamity occurred. The great floods of 1841 



along the Lehigh \'alley and tributary streams, 
washed away the Lehigh Coal & Navigation 
works, canals, etc., and also swept away his own 
cherished fnmaces and forges, leaving not one 
stone upon another. Though he was certainly 
overcome, for the time being, by this disaster, and 
the fact that a wife and two children were depend- 
ent upon him, he soon recovered his hope and 
courage and bravely started again. Having 
made terms with his creditors, who gave him ex- 
tended time, he started to rebuild, and in a year 
he had things in running order, the furnaces hav- 
ing a still larger capacity than formerly. The 
destructive elements seemed determined to try 
his strength of purpose, for now fire attacked the 
works, and partially destroyed the plant. Again 
he rebuilt, this time having a good insurance, 
and at last was made happy by paying all liis 
debts. As he did not like the name Clarissa, as 
applied to the furnaces, he changed the title to 
the Ashland iron works. In 1844 he became 
financially concerned in several furnaces near 
Natural Bridge, Ya., and soon after a new furnace 
had been erected by the company, it was burned 
down. Being compelled to sell pig-iron at the 
ruinous rate of $10 a ton, under the existing 
tariff, he abandoned the field in Virginia, and re 
turned to his old Ashland iron works, which he 
yet owned. The manufacture of iron had been so 
closely associated with disaster in his case, that 
he was not loath to accept an offer made by the 
Scrantons (for whom this city was named) to take 
charge of the entire coal mines of the Delaware, 
Lackawanna & Western. It has been conceded 
that to his correct judgment and untiring energy 
while in this responsible position was due much 
of the company's success. In i856 he was in- 
duced to take a similar place with the Delaware 
& Hudson Canal Company, and was with them 
until he retired from business, in 1887. He was 
one of I lie founders of the Dickson Manufactur- 
ing Company and was a director in it until his 
death. He also assisted to organize the First 
National Bank of Scranton, was made its presi- 
dent in 1872, and continued thus as long as he 
lived. The president of the Scranton Gas & 
Water Company, a director in the Lackawanna 
Iron & Coal Company and a director of the 

Weston Milling Company, were some of his other 

He was the first to introduce anthracite coa! 
into the west. Not only did he show- the people 
how to burn it, but had with him hard coal 
stoves to demonstrate the superiority of the fuel 
and so induce a trial. He had much to do with 
the early development of the anthracite trade not 
only in Buf^'alo but through the west. 

Mr. Albright and Elizabeth Sellers were mar- 
ried in 1838. She was a daughter of Cornelius 
Sellers, a Quaker, of French and EngHsh ex- 
traction. His wife was a daughter of Samuel 
Roberts. Mrs. Albright died January 21, 1890. 
Her four children were: Mrs. Rachel J. Ben- 
nell; Anna M., Airs. James Archbald; Harry C, 
of Utica, N. Y. ; and John Joseph, a manufacturer 
and banker of Buffalo, N. Y. Mr. Bennell was 
engaged in wholesale merchandising in New 
York City, until ill-health compelled him to re- 
tire. Since then the family, which includes one 
daughter, have resided in Scranton. Mr. Arch- 
bald is chief engineer for the Delaware, Lacka- 
wanna & \\'estern. 

The old home of Mr. Albright, on the corner 
of Nortli Washington and Vine Street, was deed- 
ed to the city of Scranton, after his death, by 
the four heirs. The property, now* very valuable, 
was further enhanced by the erection of a beauti- 
ful structure, known as the "Albright Memorial 
Library," this having been erected at the expense 
of John Joseph Albright. It cost over $125,000 
and is a fine specimen of modern architecture. 
The library was stocked by means of subscrip- 
tions and is maintained by the city, James Arch- 
bald being one of the board of directors. This 
is a fitting nionunient to one v.ho was ever prac- 
tical and desir(;)us to benefit his fellow-beings, 
and the liberal education thus placed in the hands 
of the poorest boy and girl in the citv will exer- 
cise an untold influence for good. 

While the war was in progress Mr. Albright 
received a flattering offer through acquaintances 
in Richmond, to take charge of the manufacture 
of iron for the Confederate forces, but need it 
be told that he was of too loyal a nature to be 
tempted for a moment to assist those who were 
striving to undermine his country? For years 



a faithful member of the Presbyterian Church, he 
died peacefully January 12, 1888, mourned by 
all who knew him. A strong advocate of temper- 
ance, purity of life, gentleness and patience, he 
won the love and esteem of all who journeyed 
along the highway of life with him and surely 
he merited the words "Well done, good and faith- 
ful servant." 

COL. THOMAS D. LEWIS. There are 
few of the residents of Scranton who are 
unfamiliar with the name introducing 
this sketch. It is that of a gentleman who, alike 
in the halls of legislature and on many a bloody 
battlefield, represented his fellow-citizens and up- 
held the principles of loyalty and justice. His 
life was an honorable one, and in liis death he was 
deeply mourned. It will therefore be of interest 
to the reader to review the events which gave 
character to his life and individualized his career. 
Before mentioning in detail the principal events 
in the life of Colonel Lewis, it will not be amiss 
to briefly present his parental history. His father, 
Daniel, was bom in Wales, and was there reared 
and married. January 20, 1846, a son was born, 
who was named Thomas, and six weeks afterward 
the father brought his family to America, settling 
in Minersville, Schuylkill County, Pa. For a few 
years he followed the blacksmith's trade there, 
but the discovery of gold in California led him, 
with thousands of other men, to seek that El Dor- 
ado. For two years he worked in the mines there, 
after which he started home via the Isthmus, 
but while crossing there he was seized with a 
severe attack of fever, and soon died, his body 
being buried in the Gulf of Mexico. His widow 
was afterward twice married, and is now the 
widow of John L. Lewis, her home being on the 
corner of Jackson Street and Garfield Avenue, 

The subject of this sketch was the only child 
of his father that attained years of maturity. His 
boyhood years were passed in Minersville, where 
he attended the common schools and learned 
pharmacy in a drug store. His boyish enthusiasm 
being aroused by the crisis of the Rebellion, sev- 
eral times he ran away from home with the inten- 
tion of enlisting in the Union army, but his 

mother brought him back home each time. 
Finally, however, he was successful, and early in 
1864 his ambition was realized by his enlistment 
in Company F, Forty-eighth Pennsylvania In- 
fantry, assigned to the First Brigade, Second 
Division, Ninth Corps. Among the battles in 
which he participated were those of the Wilder- 
ness, Spottsylvania Court House, Cold Harbor 
and White Oak Swamp. At Petersburg he as- 
sisted in the construction of the mine, and for 
more than six weeks worked in water up to his 
arms. He was present at the mine explosion, 
and took part in the engagements at Weldon Rail- 
road, Poplar Spring Church, Hatchie's Run, the 
assault on Ft. Mahone and the occupation of 
Petersburg. For a time his duty was the guard- 
ing of trains and the escorting of prisoners to 
Appomattox Court House. At the close of the 
war, he was mustered out July 17, 1865. 

During the Scranton riots of 1870, Colonel 
Lewis was commissioned by Governor Geary and 
retained this commission until 1872. January 7, 
1874, he became lieutenant-colonel of the Ninth 
Regiment, Pennsylvania National Guard, and 
December 22, 1875, he was commissioned colonel, 
in which capacity he did service until September 
23, 1878. He was major of the Third Brigade on 
the staff of J. K. Siegfried, the brigadier-general, 
until he was mustered out April 19, 1879. I" 
quelling riots in the Hazleton coal region and 
Wayne valley he took an active part, and was en 
route for Pittsburg during the trouble at that 
place in 1875, but was recalled. Under general 
order No. 23, he retired from office October 2, 
1 891. 

For a time after the war Colonel Lewis was 
employed in a Scranton drug store, after which 
he went to Reading, and then made a trip through 
the west. Returning to Scranton, he formed a 
partnership with B. G. Morgan, and for three 
years they engaged in the drug business in Scran- 
ton. Prior to the partnership being dissolved, in 
1 87 1 the firm started a branch store in Provi- 
dence, and to the ownership of this he succeeded, 
running it until about a year before his death. Ill 
health finally obliged him to retire from active 
labors, and he passed his time quietly at home 
until his death, April 29, 1895. 



For some time Colonel Lewis was a member 
of the board of school control, and in 1878-79 he 
represented his district in the state legislature at 
Ilarrisburg. He was a member of the north end 
board of trade, and assisted in many enterprises 
for tiie development of commercial interests. Fra- 
ternally he was a Mason, and belonged to Lient. 
Ezra S. Griffin Post No. 139, G. A. R., in which 
lie held even.- office. He was connected with the 
Methodist Episcopal Church, and a generous con- 
tributor to its good works. His property inter- 
ests were valuable, and included the family resi- 
dence on North Main Avenue and Putnam Street, 
together with the house adjoining. 

At Minersville, in 1871, Colonel Lewis married 
Miss Emma Holdren, who was born in that place, 
received a good education and is a lady of amia- 
ble disposition and refined tastes. In religious 
belief she is connected with the Methodist Epis- 
copal Church, and in that faith reared her chil- 
dren, Samuel M., Mary E., Jessie A. and T. 
Willard. She was the only child of Benjamin 
and Mary (Miller) Holdren, the former of whom 
was born near Bloomsburg, Pa., and was a car- 
penter and builder by trade, in middle life he 
went west on a prospecting tour, but died while 
there. His wife, who was born in Reading, was 
a daughter of Jacob Miller, also a native of that 
city and a miller there; she died at the home of 
her daughter in 1890, aged sixty-three. 

WILLIAM H. WEDEMAN, proprietor 
of a general bakery at No. 634 East 
Alarket Street, Scranton, was born in 
!■ til Township, tliis county, January 29, 1852, and 
is of German and Welsh descent. His grand- 
father, Peter, a native and farmer of Fell Town- 
ship, was a son of Peter Wedeman, .Sr., who came 
as a conscript to America during tlie Revolution- 
ary War, but deserted the English and joined the 
American troops, and took an active part in that 
conflict, later settling in Lackawanna fthen a part 
of Luzerne) County. 

Martin, our subject's father, was born in Fell 
Township, and there engaged in agricultural pur- 
suits until his retirement from active labors, after 
which he made his home in Dundaff, Susque- 

hanna County, until his death, at the age of 
seventy-si.x. He married Elizabeth Jones, a na- 
tive of the south of Wales, whence at the age of 
ten years she accompanied her parents to the 
United States, settling in Carbondale, Pa., and 
there her father, Lewis, secured employment as 
a miner with the Delaware & Hudson Company. 
Her death occurred in Forest City. Of her six 
sons and one daughter all are living but two boys. 
Her oldest child, John D., took part in the Civil 
War as a member of a Pennsylvania regiment, 
lost his health through the exposure and hard- 
ships of camp life and forced marches, and died 
in Nanticoke, Luzerne County. Two sons, Louis 
P. and George, reside in Scranton, the former an 
attorney and the latter clerking in a store. 

Reared on a farm, our subject in 1863 went to 
Herrick Center, Susquehanna County, where he 
remained until 1871, meantime attending the pub- 
lic schools. In 1 87 1 he came to Scranton and be- 
gan work as a carpenter, having had considerable 
previous experience along that line with his 
father, who was skillful with tools. Here, with 
his brotlier and father, he engaged in contracting 
and Iniilding. After a short time here and in 
Dundaff, he went to the newly organized borough 
of Forest City, where, with his brother Louis P., 
he was employed in contracting and building for 
six years. During his second year there he be- 
came interested in the bakery business, which he 
carried on successfully, learning the trade with a 
baker there. Afterward he sold the bakery in ex- 
change for a farm in Herrick Township, where 
he remained a year. Again selling out, he re- 
turned to Scranton and worked at the carpenter's 
trade until 1874, when he went to Vandling, this 
county, and built a double house. This he sold 
in 1895, since which time lie has been engaged in 
the liakery business in Scranton. He has put in 
a fine oven, ;ind makes a specialty of home-made 

In this city Mr. Wedeman married Svbil Ship- 
ton, daughter of John Shipton, a native of Eng- 
land, who after coming to Pennsylvania was prin- 
cipally engaged as a contractor for the sinking 
of shafts. Mrs. Wedeman was born in Blooms- 
burg, where she was reared and educated, but 
nuich of her life has been passed in Scranton. 



She is a ineniber of the Methodist Episcopal 
Church, ami has a large number of friends in her 
circle of acquaintances. The family consists of 
three children, Stella May, Harold S. and Flor- 
ence E. It is Mr. Wedeman's intention, if every- 
thing continues favorable, to soon erect a larger 
baken,-, in order to accommodate his increasing 

history of any city, there are few clergy- 
men who hold a pastorate for so long a 
period as has the subject of this article, the pas- 
tor of Zion German Lutheran Church, Scranton, 
since i860. During this long time he has built 
up a congregation of about five hundred com- 
municants and established a church that was the 
nucleus from which the six other English and 
German Lutheran Churches of this city have 
sprung. There are the usual societies connected 
with the church, a Sunday-school that is well at- 
tended, a Ladies' Aid Society and Young People's 

A native of Cleebron, near Stuttgart, Wurteni- 
berg, Germanv, the subject of this sketch was 
born October 10, 1824, to Christian and Anna 
Elizabeth (Ivranich) Zizelmann, natives of the 
same place as himself, the former of whom died 
at seventy-seven and the latter at seventy-four 
years. In religious belief they were Lutherans. 
The father, who served in the German army for 
six years, took part in the contest of the allied 
powers against Napoleon, and was present at 
Waterloo. Throughout his remaining years he 
engaged in farming and wine culture in the valley 
of the Neckar. His father, John J., who was born 
near Stuttgart, was a wholesale wine merchant 

Our suliject, who is the only survivor of four 
children comprising the family, was educated in 
the public schools and Basel University. Switzer- 
land, and was ordained to the ministry of the 
Lutheran Church in Loerach, Baden, after which 
he was sent by his denomination to Texas for the 
purpose of organizing congregations. In 1851 
he left Bremen on the sailer "Francisco," and 
landed in Galveston after a voyage of forty-nine 

days. Going to San Antonio, he began his work 
there the first of the following year. Soon he 
organized St. John's German Lutheran Church 
in that city, built a house of worship and minis- 
tered to his people for a short time, but the 
climate proved detrimental to his health, and he 
therefore went to Fredericksburg, Gillespie Coun- 
ty, the same state, where he took charge of the 
adjacent mission field. Through his efforts, Zion 
Lutheran Church was organized and a building 
erected. In 1855 he was called to San Antonio 
by the executive committee of home mission work 
and continued in that city until i860. 

Prior to the opening of the war. Rev. Mr. Zizel- 
mann came north, taking passage from Texas on 
a sailing vessel March 14, i860, and going to New 
York City. A friend, who was pastor of a church 
in Montgomery County, invited him to remain 
there until he found a location, but almost imme- 
diately he was offered the home mission work of 
Pennsylvania, and came to Scranton. During 
his six months' work as missionary, he explored 
the field, and several times preached in this city, 
which he believed offered a favorable opening for 
a church. May 18, i860, he organized Zion 
Church, and on the 24th of August began to hold 
meetings in a hall in Lackawanna Avenue, where 
services continued to be held for three years. In 
the fall of 1863 he purchased from a Welsh con- 
gregation his present house of worship, in Miff- 
lin Avenue. This was enlarged in 1866 and again 
in 1886, to meet the needs of the growing con- 
gregation. In 1866 he started a parochial school, 
but after twenty years discontinued the work. He 
began to hold services in Petersburg in i860, and 
eight years later a church was built; of this he was 
pastor for two years, in addition to his work in 

While in Fredericksburg, Texas, Rev. Mr. 
Zizelmann married Miss Christiana Barbara 
Schloterbeck, who was born in Wurtemberg, Ger- 
niiany. They became the parents of seven chil- 
dren, of whom five attained maturity and three ai-e 
living. Emanuel, who was at one time chief of 
the fire department, died in 1893. Lydia, Airs. 
Ferber, died in Scranton in 1890. Frederick W., 
who resides with his ]iarents in the parsonage, is 
an employe of the Delaware, Lackawanna & 



Western Company, and secretary in the Nay-Aug 
Engine Company. Charles M. is a draughtsman 
and bookkeeper with Conrad Schroeder. Theo- 
dore is a watchmaker and jeweler in Scranton, 
and treasurer of the Nay-Aug Engine Company. 

JOHN" A. DUCKWORTH, well known as 
a successful architect and influential citizen 
of Scranton, was born in Toronto, Canada, 
in iS6o, the descendant of English ancestors, who 
settled in New Jersey at a period antedating the 
Revolutionary War. His paternal grandfather, 
who was a manufacturer residing in Paterson, 
took part in the war with England, bravely de- 
fending the interests of the struggling colonies. 
John Duckworth, our subject's father, was born 
in Paterson, where he was engaged as a sculptor 
and modeler for a time, later, however, engaging 
in contracting. In 1856 he removed to Toronto, 
where he was a prosperous contractor until his 
death, in 1881. His wife, who also died in Tor- 
onto, bore the maiden name of Maria M. Night- 
ingale, and was born in New York City. She 
was the daughter of Thomas Nightingale, who 
was of English extraction, and for many years 
resided in Brooklyn. 

The parental family consisted of fourteen chil- 
dren, of whom eight are living, John A. being 
fifth in respect to age, and the only one of the 
number in Pennsylvania. He received his edu- 
cation in Upper Canada College, from which he 
graduated in 1877. Desiring to become profici- 
ent in architecture, he entered the Mechanics 
Institute, where he remained until his gradua- 
tion. For five years he was a pupil of William 
Irving, a celebrated Scotch architect, under whose 
able supervision he became an expert in the busi- 
ness. In 1880 he went to New York City, where 
he was employed by D. fk J. Jardine. Afterward 
he followed his chosen occupation in San Fran- 
cisco, and for four months in Chicago, returning 
from there to New York City. 

Going to Wilkesbarre, Pa., in 1882, bur sub- 
ject was for almost a year a member of the firm 
of Neier & Duckworth. In the spring of 1883 
he came to Scranton, where he was employed as 
an architect with others for a year, and then, in 

1884, opened an office, which he has since con- 
ducted. Among the buildings of which he has 
been the architect may be mentioned the follow- 
ing: Coal Exchange, at the time of its erection 
the largest building in Scranton; Wells Building 
in Wilkesbarre, New Hotel Jermyn at Scranton, 
public schools Nos. 7, 13 and 25, Scranton; pub- 
lic school at Dunmore, high school and schools 
Nos. I, 2 and 3; Ransom Poor and Insane Build- 
ing; five churches in Dunmore, Scranton and 
Peckvillc; Carbondale public hospital, W. W. 
Watt, Burke and Leader buildings at Carbondale, 
and over three hundred other prominent build- 
ings in this city, as well as many throughout the 
valley. He has his office in the Coal E.xchange 
Building, his city residence on the corner of 
Quincy Avenue and Olive Street, and a summer 
home at Lake Ariel. 

At Dunmore Mr. Duckworth married Miss 
Elizabeth D. Spencer, who was born here, 
daughter of A. D. Spencer and granddaughter of 
Edward Spencer, a member of an old family of 
this state. Two children, John A., Jr., and Har- 
old, bless the union. Fraternally, Mr. Duck- 
worth is connected with the Independent Order 
of Odd Fellows, the Order of Elks and the Scran- 
ton Rowing Club. Politically he is a Republican, 
and in religious belief is identified with the Pres- 
bvterian Chmxh. 

JAMES T. McHALE. During the period 
in which he has been engaged in the 
grocery business in Scranton, Mr. McHale 
has built up a large and profitable trade among 
the people of his neighborhood, and has gained 
a recognized position among the business men of 
the city. He is the proprietor of a grocery at 
No. 1602 Capouse Avenue, Green Ridge, which 
he purchased in 1892, and has since carried on 
with customary energy. In his store he keeps a 
complete assortment of staple and fancy grocer- 
ies, including everything needed in culinary lines. 
The entire life of the subject of this sketch has 
been spent in Scranton, where he was born April 
25, 18(17. His father, James T. McHale, who was 
a merchant tailor by trade, settled in Scranton 
about 1855, and here engaged at his chosen occu- 



pation. During the war he served for three years 
as a member of Company K, Eleventh Pennsyl- 
vania Cavalry, rendering faithful service in de- 
fense of the Union. On his return home, he re- 
sumed the merchant tailoring business, and con- 
tinued thus engaged until his death, in 1874. His 
widow, who bore the maiden name of Bridget 
Judge, is slill living, and makes her home with 
her son. C)f her three children, two are living, 
James T. and Agnes, the latter being a teacher 
in St. Rose Academy at Carbondale. 

lentil twelve years of age, our subject attended 
public school No. 27, after which he began to 
earn his livelihood. For fourteen years he was 
in the employ of J. F. Hougi, in which position 
he gained a practical knowledge of business, and 
thus became fitted to take charge of an enterprise 
of his ov/n. In 1892 he bought out J. W. Brown, 
and has since engaged in the grocery business 
at his present location. Since the organization 
of St. Paul's Total Abstinence Benevolent Society 
he has been one of its active members, and has 
held the various offices, including that of presi- 
dent; in 1894 he represented the society in the 
convention at St. Paul, Alinn. January 9, 1894, 
in St. Mary's Church, Dunmore, was solemnized 
the marriage of Mr. McHale and Miss Bridget 
Dougherty, who was born in Dunmore, and is a 
daughter of Patrick Dougherty, an employe of 
the Pennsylvania Coal Company. Mr. and Mrs. 
McHale and their son, Cyril, have a comfortable 
home at No. 1420 Monsey Avenue. 

E JOSEPH KUETTLE. In 1882 this 
gentleman came to Scranton and began, 
• in a small way, the manufacture of wire 
screens, his first location being on the south side 
at No. 320 Cedar Avenue. xMterward he re- 
moved to the rear of No. 511 Lackawanna Ave- 
nue, and iiere he has since carried on an excel- 
lent business. He receives orders for supphes 
from all parts of the west, south and north, though 
naturally the largest part of his trade comes from 
the east. He makes a specialty of the manufac- 
ture of coal screens, office railings, flour baskets, 
baskets for silk work and wire fencing. 

Born in Dresden, Germany, March 23, 1836, 

the subject of this sketch is a son of Charles 
Kuettle, a native of Dresden and a wire screen 
manufacturer. The paternal grandfather, Franz 
Joseph Kuettle, was born in Bohemia, but re- 
moved from there in 1807 to Dresden, owing to 
the fact that the government oppressed him on 
account of his Catholic belief. He devoted his 
time to tlie manufacture of wire screens and built 
up a good business. After his death his widow 
came to America, settled in Philadelphia and 
died there at the age of eighty-nine. The father, 
who served in the German army, died at forty 

The mother of our subject, Charlotte Haubner, 
was born in Eisleben, and was a daughter of 
Johan Haubner, a nailmaker by trade and a 
soldier in the Napoleonic wars. Some years 
after the death of her husband, Mrs. Charlotte 
Kuettle came to America in 1870 and joined a 
daughter in New York, where she made her 
home until her death in 1875. O^ Ii^i" family of 
seventeen children, two are living. In his native 
home, our subject learned the wire screen busi- 
ness under his father's direction and afterward 
traveled through Germany and in Buda-Pesth, 
Vienna and other Austrian cities, doing journey- 
man work. In 1857 he enlisted in the army and 
for three years was a sergeant in a regiment of 
sharpshooters. June 20, 1866, he was ordered 
to report and entered his old regiment, the 
Twelfth Saxon .Sharpshooter.s, after which he 
took part in various important battles and then 
spent two months in Baden. He was honorably 
discharged with the rank of sergeant. 

July 16, 1870, Mr. Kuettle was again ordered 
to report for service, and was assigned to the 
Thirty-sixth Regiment, Ninth Army Corps, as 
sergeant. He participated in the engagements 
at Metz and New Orleans, and in the latter battle 
was wounded five times within about six minutes. 
One of the balls struck him in a limb, three in 
the knee and one in the hip. He was removed 
to a hospital where he remained for three weeks. 
Soon after he rejoined his regiment peace was de- 
clared, and he was honorably discharged May 
26, 1871. 

Shortly after leaving the German army, Mr. 
Kuettle resolved to come to America. Accord- 



ingly, in April, 1872, lie left Bremen on the 
steamer "Herman," and after a voyage of nine- 
teen cla\s landed in New York City, where he 
made his headquarters for eleven years, mean- 
time traveling around the country with first-class 
opera troupes. In Germany he had studied vo- 
cal music under Professor Konopaseck of Berlin 
and Professor Thirscher of Halle, and by cuhiva- 
tion had added to his naturally sweet and clear 
voice. In New York he sang in a German opera 
under direction of Henry Koch, and then went 
to Louisville, Ky., with the English opera com- 
pany in which Madame Louisa Kellogg starred. 
Next he was connected with an Italian opera 
under Max Strackosch for about eight years, 
traveling with him throughout the United States, 
Canada, Mexico and Cuba, as second tenor. He 
is known as a remarkably fine singer and has 
won praise from people throughout the entire 
country. While in New York he was connected 
with the Harlem Mannerchor and Concordia 
Mannerchor, and since coming to .Scranton he 
has identified himself with the Arion Society. He 
has never taken any interest in politics, 1nit is 
loyal to American institutions and a defender 
of Democratic principles. 

G|-;( )R( ;!•: 15. CARSON. The family rep- 
resented Ijy this well known busines,> 
man of Scranton traces its ancestry to 
Scotland, where his great-grandfather, Thomas 
Carson, was a shepherd. Jnlm, next in line of 
descent, was born in the highlands of Scotland, 
but in early manhood went to Wales, and in Bre- 
conshire married Miss Ann Powell. Later he 
made his home in Glamorganshire until quite ad- 
vanced in years, when, about 1859. he joined his 
son, Thomas, in Scranton. lie was born in 1806, 
and was over seventy when he passed away. In 
religious belief he was identified with the Con- 
gregational Cluircli. His wife, who was born in 
Breconshire, was a daughter of Reese Powell, a 
cooper by trade and a life-long resident of that 

In the family of John and Ann Carson there 
were four children, all of whom came to America, 
and two, Thomas and a sister, are living. The 

former was born near Brecon, Wales, June 11, 
1827, and at the age of two years was taken to 
Neath, Glamorganshire, where for a short time 
he attended the pay schools. At the age of nine 
he commenced to work in the mines, where he 
remained until thirteen, ami afterward was simi- 
larly engaged in another part of the same shire. 
]\Iarch 22, 1848, he left Liverpool on the sailer 
"Henry Clay," and after a voyage of twenty-eight 
days landed in New York City, whence he went 
to Tamaqua, Schuylkill County, Pa., and secured 
employment in the collieries for the Pennsylvania 
& Reading Railroad Company. In the summer 
of 1850 he went to Carbondale and prospected for 
coal, being employed by the Delaware & Hudson 

Coming to Hyde Park in 1855, Thomas Car- 
son assisted in sinking the Hampton shaft, and 
on its completion he became the inside foreman. 
He remained in that mine until 1890, when he 
was transferred to the Taylor mine, but after three 
months he went to the Storrs mine at Dickson 
City, and lias since been inside foreman there, 
liaving onr Imiidrecl and twenty miners under 
him. rulitically, he upholds Republican doc- 
trines. l"or three years he represented the fifth 
w ard in the common council, serving on different 
ctnnmittecs. Fraternally he is connected with the 
Masons, Odd I'^ellows, Knights of Pythias and 
Ivorites. I'or years he has been a trustee of the 
I'"irst Welsh Presbyterian Church, and has been 
the Sunday-school superintendent. In 1895, ac- 
companied by his son and granddaughter, betook 
a trip to Wales, where he spent two months in 
renewing the associations dear to him in youtli. 

In Tamaqua Mr. Carson married Miss Cath- 
erine Eynon, who was born in Camarthenshire, 
Wales, and was a sister of Thomas Eynon. Eight 
children were born of tliis union, one of whom 
died unnamed in infancy. l"he others were Mar- 
garet A.; Mrs. W. T. Davis, who died in Wales; 
John, who passed away at the age of thirty-eight; 
George B., the subject of this sketch; Edward 
and William, formerly employes of the Delaware, 
Lackawanna & Western Company, but now de- 
ceased; Albert, a bookkeeper residing in Scran- 
ton; and Deborah, deceased. After the death of 
his first wife Mr. Carson married ^Irs. Jane Davis, 

C()I<. I-;/KA II RIIM'I.K. 



whose former husband, Daniel Davis, was a mer- 
chant in Hyde Park. 

Born in Scranton, February 12, 1856, the sub- 
ject of this article was reared and educated here. 
When he was about thirteen he began as a clerk, 
and a few years later started out for himself, about 
1870 opening a small grocery, which he enlarged 
from time to time. In 1878 he took his brother- 
in-law into partnership, the firm becoming Car- 
son & Davis. Later he built a double store at 
Nos. 1309-11 Washburn Street, and has since car- 
ried on a large general mercantile business, em- 
ploying several assistants and using three delivery 
wagons for the accommodation of his customers. 
In this city he married Miss Louise Hagen, whose 
father, Henry Hagen, was a blacksmith with the 
Delaware, Lackawanna & Western. Three chil- 
dren comprise the family, Robert, Bertha and 
Ruth, who reside with their parents at No. 1221 
Washburn Street. 

In addition to his store and residence, Mr. 
Carson has other real estate interests here. For 
two years he had a branch store in Peckville, but 
disposed of it. In 1889 he was appointed on the 
board of school control to fill a vacancy caused 
by the resignation of the member from the fifth 
ward. In Februarj', 1890, he was nominated and 
elected, on the Republican ticket, for a term of 
four years, and at its expiration was re-elected. 
In 1895 he was president of the board, and at 
different times has done efficient committee work. 
He is a member of Hyde Park Lodge No. 339, 
F. & A. M., and the Ivorites. While not identified 
with any denomination, he has contributed to the 
Simpson Methodist Episcopal Church, with 
which his wife is identified. He has done active 
work in the ranks of the Republican party, and 
has been a member of the city and county com- 
mittees, at all times doing what he can to promote 
the party welfare. 

COL. EZRA H. RIPPLE. In presenting 
to the readers of this volume the biog- 
raphy of Colonel Ripple, we are perpet- 
uating the life work of one of the most honored 
residents of Scranton. Throughout a long, in- 
fluential and honorable career, both as a soldier 

during the Rebellion and as a private citizen 
since that time, he has maintained the energy and 
integrity that characterized him in youth. Nor 
has his success been merely in accumulating 
wealth, but in the better sense of the word, he 
has been successful in doing good and in win- 
ning the esteem of a very large circle of ac- 

It being generally believed that heredity has 
much to do with the formation of character and 
that our lives are stimulated by the influence of 
our ancesters, a short resume of the ancestral 
iiistory of Colonel Ripple may serve as an in- 
dex to the liberal and humane impulses which 
mark his daily life, and which have won for him 
the regard of all. Of remote German descent, the 
family of which he is a member has been repre- 
sented in Pennsylvania for several successive 
generations. His father, Silas, was born in Han- 
over, Luzerne County, the son of Peter Ripple, 
who engaged in lumbering along the Susque- 
hanna. The former, in 1857, came to Hyde 
Park, and engaged in hotel business on the cor- 
ner of Main and Jackson, where now stands 
Morgan's drug store. Of this place, which was 
known as the White Hotel, he continued to be 
proprietor for a few years, until his death, De- 
cember 4, 1861. In early life he identified him- 
self with the Whigs, and upon the disintegration 
of that party became a Republican. He married 
Elizabeth Harris, who was born in Mauchchunk, 
Pa., was throughout life a consistent Christian 
and a member of the Free Methodist Church, 
and died in Allentown in October, 1894. Her 
father, Abraham Harris, a native of England, 
came to this country in boyhood and settled in 
the Lehigh Valley, where he afterward had a 
meat market and also engaged in the hotel busi- 

In the family of Silas Ripple there were three 
children, but only two attained mature years, 
Ezra H. and Mrs. Mary M. Doster, of Scranton. 
The subject of this sketch was bom in Mauch- 
chunk, Pa., February 14, 1842, and was a youth 
of fifteen when the family came to this city. He 
attended the common schools and Wyoming 
Seminary until 1858, and after the death of his 
father engaged in the drug business until his 



enlistment in the army. The outbreak of the 
war, with its threatened peril to the old flag, 
aroused within liiiii the hitherto lambent flame 
of patriotism and caused him to resolve to ofler 
his services, and his life if need be, for the pre- 
servation of the Union. Then a young man of 
twentj' years, he had all the ardor and enthusi- 
asm of youth, the courage that never wavered 
and the zeal that never flagged. Early in the 
war he assisted in raising Company H of the 
Thirteenth Pennsylvania Alilitia, which did good 
service in the Antietam campaign. In 1863, in 
response to the emergency call, he enlisted in 
Company I, Thirteenth Pennsylvania Militia. In 
March, 1864, his name was enrolled as a member 
of Company K, Fifty-second Pennsylvania In- 
fantry-, and he served on Morris Island, in the 
Department of the South. 

During a night assault on Ft. Johnson, July 3, 
1864, our subject was captured by the Confeder- 
ates and by them taken to Charleston, thence to 
Andersonville prison, where he was confined two 
and one-half months. He was then taken back 
to Charleston and from there sent to Florence, 
S. C, where, in March, 1865, he was paroled, 
after having suffered all the horrors of southern 
prisons for eight months. At Florence he was 
successful in making his escape, but was de- 
tected and tracked by bloodhounds that attacked 
him in a swamp three or four miles from the 
prison. By them he was badly bitten, as they 
pierced their teeth deep into his body. On be- 
ing taken back, he was seized with prison fever, 
and would undoubtedly have perished had it not 
been that his constitution was naturally rugged 
and strong. 

On being paroled. Colonel Ripple went to the 
camp at Annapolis, where he was honorably dis- 
charged June 30, 1865. He returned home and, 
with a desire to improve his education, became 
a student in Eastman's Business College af 
Poughkcepsie, N. Y. On leaving there he ob- 
tained a position with William Connell, with 
whom, since 1872, he has been associated in coal 
operations. Upon the organization of the Scran- 
ton City Guard in 1877, h^ was elected captain 
of Company D, and was chosen major on the 
formation of the Thirteenth Regiment the fol- 

lowing year. After five years of service in that 
capacity, he was elected lieutenant-colonel of the 
same regiment, in 1888 was chosen colonel, re- 
elected in 1893, and in April, 1895, was appoint- 
ed by Governor Hastings on his stafl as commis- 
sar}' genera!, with the rank of colonel, which he 
now holds. 

Shortly after the erection of J^ackawanna Coun- 
ty, Colonel Ripple was elected, on the Republi- 
can ticket, the first treasurer of Lackawanna 
County (by election), and served for three years. 
His efficiency in that position being recognized 
by his fellow-citizens, he was by them elected 
mayor of Scranton in 1886 for a term of four 
years, this being the only time in the history of 
the city that the term has been so long. In 1896 
he was again a candidate for the mayoralty, but 
a dissension in the Republican party at that time 
led to his defeat by a few votes. During his ser- 
vice as the city's chief executive, he received 
$6,000 in salary, but the receipts of his office 
turned over were $9,000, an amount far larger 
than received in any previous administration. 
The most important official acts of his term were 
the lighting of the city by electricity, the electric 
carsystemand thecommencementof asphaltstreet 
paving. In 1878 he was chosen to serve on the 
select council, but resigned after a service of 
eight months, as the demands of his business 
did not permit him to give the necessary atten- 
tion to the position. 

In this city, in 1874, occurred the marriage of 
Colonel Ripple and Miss Sarah H. Hackett, who 
was born in Carbon County, Pa., the daughter 
of Richard Hackett, mine foreman for the Dela- 
ware, Lackawanna & Western Railroad. They 
are the parents of four children, Hannah, Jessie, 
Susan and Ezra H., Jr. 

Colonel Ripple is a charter member of Lieut. 
Ezra S. Griffin Post No. 139, G. A. R. ; is iden- 
tified with the blue lodge, F. & A. M., Lacka- 
wanna Chapter, R. A. M., Coeur de Lion Com- 
mandery No. 17, K. T., and received the thirty- 
third degree in Masonry at Cerneau Consistory 
No. 33, Scranton. In the Reformed Episcopal 
Church he holds the office of vestryman, and is 
an influential member. For some years he was 
a member of the board of health, and is now 



president of the Associated Charities of Scran- 
ton, member of the advisory committee of the 
Home for the Friendless, member of the board 
of park commissioners, and member of the board 
of commissioners of soldiers' orphans scTiools 
for Pennsylvania. 

As has already been intimated, Colonel Rip- 
ple is prominent as a local leader of the Repub- 
lican party. He is president of the Central Re- 
publican Club, and served as chairman of the 
county committee in 1894. In 1888 he had the 
honor of being state elector, receiving the high- 
est vote of any elector in the state, and casting 
his ballot for Harrison and Morton in Harris- 
burg, at the meeting of the electoral college of 
that year. 

Such is a sketch of the life of one of Scranton's 
most influential men, one who has at all times 
assisted in promoting the prosperity of the city 
by his progressive spirit and large enterprise. 

JOHN BLATTER, proprietor of the Blatter 
Elotel at Scranton and a resident of this 
city since i86i,was born in Sullivan County, 
N. Y., August 15, 1844. His father, John, a na- 
tive of Canton Berne, Switzerland, and a shoe- 
maker by trade, was married in his native place 
to Margaret Grossman. Coming immediately 
afterward to America, he settled in Sullivan 
County and bought a farm on Lake Kanosa, but 
later sold out there. About 1863 he came to 
Scranton and here his death occurred when he 
was quite advanced in years. His wife, who was 
born in Canton Berne, was a daughter of Franz 
Grossman, who came to America with Mr. Blat- 
ter in 1S40 and settled in Sullivan County near 
his son-in-law. He died in that county at seven- 
ty-seven years. His daughter passed away in 

The parental family consisted of six sons and 
five daughters, of whom John was next to the 
eldest. Only two are now living, our subject and 
Mrs. Henry Frey, of Scranton. One brother, 
Henry, who came here before the other members 
of the famil)', was employed as clerk in a cigar 
and restaurant business, but later became a hotel 
man and a manufacturer of cigars, continuing 

thus engaged until his death. In 1858 our sub- 
ject accompanied the other members of the fam- 
ily to Napoleon, Ind., where he resided one year 
and then returned to Sullivan County. In 1861 
he came to Scranton and was apprenticed as a 
horse-shoer with the Lackawanna Iron & Coal 
Company. After completing his trade, he was 
made head shoer in charge of the horseshoe shop, 
and worked in that capacity for fourteen years. 
His brother's ill health caused him to become 
an assistant in the hotel business, in 1876, and 
upon the death of Henry, he succeeded to the 
management of the business. Since 1888 he has 
been proprietor of the Blatter House. He built, 
in 1896, a hall in the rear of the hotel, and this 
is used as a lodge-room by the Scranton Gruetli 
Verein, Mannerchor, and Arion and other sing- 
ing societies. The cigar business which was 
started by his brother in 1871, he carried on until 
January, 1896, when he sold out to his son, 

In Scranton Mr. Blatter married Miss Rosa 
Diegelmann, who was born in New York City. 
Her father, Benjamin Diegelmann, settled in 
Archbald in 1848 and was a contractor, builder 
and architect there, but afterward removed to 
Chillicothe, Mo., and settled on a farm, where he 
died. Mr. and Mrs. Blatter are the parents of 
three daughters and one son, namely: John C, 
who is engaged in the cigar business; Mrs. 
Eleanor Kehrly, of Scranton; Rosa C. M. and 
Louisa A., who are at home. 

In 18S0 Mr. Blatter joined Company A, Thir- 
teenth Regiment, N. G. P., as a private, and 
served eight years, being offered promotion in 
the meantime, but refusing it. For seven years 
he was coacher of the Pennsylvania state team 
and from the first year was in the sharpshooters' 
corps. In every match where he had coached 
he won with his team and received all the honors 
of the state, including the first prize from the 
governor, who pinned the badge of honor on his 
coat. At the expiration of eight years he was 
honorably discharged at Creedmoor. He is an 
honorary member of the Phoenix Fire Company, 
a charter member of the Gruetli \^erein. also of 
Camp No. 430, P. O. S. of A., Lodge No. 345, 
F. & A. M., an honorary member of the Scranton 



Turn \'erein, and is identified with the Anion So- 
ciety and the Liederkranz. In addition he be- 
lonsrs to the Knights of Pythias. His member- 
ship, in religion, is in St. Luke's Episcopal 
Church, to which he is a regular contributor. 

AF. A. BATTENBERG. The industrious 
and thrifty habits which arc national 
• characteristics of the Germans have con- 
tributed to the success of Mr. Battenberg. 
Through their exercise he has worked his way 
from a position of poverty to one of prosperity 
and influence, having gained a place among the 
representative business men of Jermyn. In the 
schools of Germany, where he was born January 
ID, 1856, he remained a student until fourteen 
years of age. and this constituted almost his en- 
tire education, though for a short time after com- 
ing to America he attended the night schools. 
His father, Henry Battenberg, dying when the 
son was only nine years of age, the latter was 
early thrown upon his own resources for a liveli- 
hood and was obliged when quite young to start 
out in the world for himself. Following the 
example of so many of his countrymen, he 
sought a home in the United States, where he 
believed industry and perseverance would bring 
him prosperity. 

After his arrival in Lackawanna County, Mr. 
Battenberg made Scranton his home for six 
months. He was then apprenticed to the cab- 
inet-maker's trade in Archbald and served for 
four years, gaining a thorough knowledge of the 
occupation, in which he is recognized as an ex- 
pert. On the completion of his apprenticeship 
he removed from Archbald to Jermyn, where he 
followed the business for fifteen years. After- 
ward he assumed the management of the under- 
taking establishment owned by his brother. This 
was established by his brother in 1879 "^^^^ ^'c 
succeeded to it, in 1889, upon the latter's death. 
In embalming he is especially efficient, having 
studied this department of undertaking at the 
Oriental School of Embalming and Clark's 
School of Embalming at Scranton. In addition 
to this business, he carries a full line of house 
furnishing goods. 

The wife of our subject, known in maidenhood 
as Elizabeth Jones, was born in Wales, but at the 
age of two years came to America with her par- 
ents, who settled in Lackawanna County, where 
she grew to womanhood. In character she was 
industrious, self-reliant and capable, and was ten- 
derly devoted to her family, by whom her death, 
at the age of thirty-six years, was deeply 
mourned. She left five children, in whose ad- 
vancement and education Mr. Battenberg has 
taken the greatest interest. They are named as 
follows: Jennie, George Armstrong, Norman G., 
Fred A. and Florence Phillipene. The latter 
died in November, 1896. Politically Mr. Bat- 
tenberg affiliates with the Republican party, to 
which he has given his vote at all national elec- 
tions. He is a member of the Methodist Epis- 
copal Church and fraternally is identified with 
the encampment of the Independent Order of 
Odd Fellows, being past grand of the home 

A DON L. CRAMER. In the photographic 
business Mr. Cramer has built up an ex- 
cellent trade and has gained a reputation 
as a reliable, efficient artist, thoroughly informed 
in regard to his chosen occupation, familiar with 
the most modern methods and possessing the 
artistic taste that fits him for the successful prose- 
cution of his work. He is the proprietor of 
studios at Nos. 309-311 Lackawanna Avenue, 
Scranton, No. 21 North Main Street, Carbon- 
dale, and North Main Street, Jermyn, but gives 
his personal attention to the studio in Carbon- 
dale and resides in this city, on the corner of 
Darte Avenue and Laurel Street. 

The father of our subject, J. P. Cramer, was 
born in the town of Greenfield, this county, in 
1827, and throughout life followed the occupa- 
tion of a farmer, dying when sixty-two. For his 
wife he chose Abigail Spencer, who was born in 
Greenfield Township in 1831, and is now living 
in Carbondale. They were the parents of five 
children, namely: Wesley J., a druggist in busi- 
ness in Florida; Emma H., wife of Xerxes Wil- 
liams, of Greenfield Township; Adon L. ; Wil- 
liam, deceased; and Herbert S., a photographer 



residing in Carboiidale and engaged in business 
in Scranton. 

On the family homestead in Greenfield Town- 
ship the subject of this sketch was born March 
15, 1850. He attended the common schools in 
youth anil worked on the farm until twenty-three, 
meeting with success in agricultural pursuits, of 
which he is still fond. However, a prolonged at- 
tack of sciatic rheumatism obliged him to select 
an occupation that would enable him to avoid 
exposure. Acting upon medical advice, he gave 
up farming. A brother urged him to try photog- 
raphy, and he did so, going to Scranton, where 
he soon learned the business and found himself 
adapted to the work. He followed the trade in 
different places until 1882, when he established 
a gallery in Carbondale and here he has built up 
a good business. 

By his marriage to Marion Kenyon of Green- 
field Township, Mr. Cramer has one child, Del- 
bert. In politics he is a Republican, firm in his 
allegiance to party principles. Since 1880 he has 
been connected with the Independent Order of 
Odd Fellows. 

SAMUEL E. MOYER, D. V. S. Among 
the younger business men of Jermyn, who 
are taking their place in the rank of the 
industrious, efficient and enterprising citizens of 
their community, may be mentioned the subject 
of this article, who during the period of his resi- 
dence here has built up a good practice as a vet- 
erinary surgeon. In the occupation which he has 
chosen as his life work he is well informed and 
his opinion carries weight in all matters pertain- 
ing to veterinary surgery. 

Bom in Easton, Pa., July 28, 1872, our sub- 
ject is the younger of two children, the older 
being Katie, a resident of Jermyn. His father, 
Joseph J., w-as born in Easton, and throughout 
his active life was engaged in railroading, but 
now lives in retirement from active labors, his 
home being in Northampton County. His wife, 
who bore the maiden name of Sallie Hartman, 
died at the age of twenty-four years. 

The early educational advantages of our sub- 
ject were the best afforded by the city of Easton, 

and in justice to him it may be said that he im- 
proved every opportunity to the utmost. At La- 
fayette he prepared for college, but never com- 
pleted the regular collegiate course, as he had 
become interested in veterinary surgery and 
wished to give it his entire attention. When quite 
young he began to interest himself in this work, 
and for four years was with a distinguished sur- 
geon, a horseman of national renown, under 
whose efficient instruction he gained the rudi- 
ments of knowledge in this occupation. Desir- 
ous, however, of acquiring thorough efficiency, 
he entered the Ontario Veterinary College and re- 
mained there until the completion of the regular 
course, graduating December 20, 1893. His pro- 
ficiency while in college won for him the appoint- 
ment as assistant house surgeon in the infirmary 
and there he extended his fund of professional 
knowledge by practical experience. With a de- 
sire to familiarize himself with every phase of the 
work, he took the course of study in the Toronto 
Veterinary Dental College, from which he grad- 

On returning to the States, Dr. Moyer estab- 
lished his headquarters in Manton, Mich., from 
which place he took charge of practice among 
large stock owners in the state. Since coming 
to Jermyn he has gained a practice that extends 
up and down the valley and through the sur- 
rounding country. The medicines needed he 
keeps in stock, so that in emergency cases no 
time is lost in filling prescriptions. It is his in- 
tention to make Jermyn his permanent home, 
and he therefore takes a warm interest in every- 
thing pertaining to the welfare of the place and 
the prosperity of its citizens. 


ICHAEL CONNOR is acting city treas- 
urer of Carbondale, to which office 
his son, P. F., was regularly elected in 
1896. While the principal portion of his life has 
been passed in Carbondale, Ireland is the land 
of his birth, and in County Sligo his first nine 
years were passed. He was born March 4, 1838, 
the son of John and Mary (McDonald) Connor, 
who came to America when Michael was quite 
small, leaving him with an uncle in Ireland. They 



settled in the state of New York, but later came 
to Carbondale, where the father died when sixty- 
five and the mother at seventy-five years. She 
was his second wife and the mother of two chil- 
dren, Michael and Alice, Mrs. Patrick Norton, 
of Archbald, who came from there to Carbondale 
and died in 1872. 

At the age of nine years our subject came to 
America with his uncle and aunt, and arrived in 
Carbondale in June, 1847. At the age of four- 
teen he began to work in the mines, where he 
continued from the fall of 1851 until 1896, a pe- 
riod of nearly forty-live years. He was a faithful, 
diligent workman, and fortunately possessed a 
rugged constitution that enabled him to endure 
hard manual labor without detriment. He has 
always been frugal, industrious and temperate, 
and these qualities enabled him to secure com- 
forts for his family as the years went by. He 
left the mines in order to begin work in the of- 
fice of the city treasurer and in this capacity has 
rendered efficient service. Notwithstanding his 
lack of preparation and experience, he has taken 
hold of affairs in a business-like manner, and the 
multifarious duties of the ofSce receive capable 
attention. To carry on the work he has twenty- 
four dififcrent accounts with the banks. 

In political belief Mr. Connor adheres to Dem- 
ocratic principles. He is a Catholic in his relig- 
ious views. In 1859 '^^ was united in marriage 
with Bridget Flannelly, of County Mayo, ire- 
land. They became the parents of thirteen chil- 
dren, of whom nine are living, all in this vicinity. 

JH. CROSS, a thrifty farmer of Greenfield 
Township, owns and occupies one of the 
• best improved and most attractive farms 
in this section. A visitor to his place is impressed 
with the fact that it contains all the modern im- 
provements and is maintained in a most sys- 
tematic manner. He bought the property in 
1880 and has resided here since December of 
that year. Though engaged in general farming, 
he makes a specialty of the dairy business, keep- 
ing about thirty cows and selling large cjuan- 
tities of milk. During 1893 he erected a large, 
substantial barn, through which the water runs 

from a spring. Everything on the farm speaks 
of intelligent supen-ision on the part of the owner. 

The subject of this sketch was born in Otego, 
Otsego County, N. Y., February 19, 1845, and is 
the eldest of seven children, the others being 
Isaac, a resident of Nebraska; Charity, deceased; 
Alva W., of Clifford, Susquehanna County; Lil- 
ian K. ; Ellen, of Nebraska; and Charles, who 
cultivates a portion of our subject's farm. The 
parents, John and Abigail M. (Newton) Cross, 
were natives respectively of Otsego and Broome 
Counties, N. Y., and removed from the former 
place to Susquehanna County, Pa., where the 
mother died in 1893 and the father in 1895, at the 
age of seventy-eight. Throughout his entire life 
he was engaged in agricultural pursuits. 

When but an infant, our subject was taken 
by his parents to their new home in Susquehanna 
Count}' and his boyhood years were passed upon 
a farm in Gibson Township, where he became 
familiar with the scenes of pioneer life. During 
the day he assisted in clearing the land and at 
night retired to rest in the little log cabin that 
served as the family home. Under such condi- 
tions, he Iiad little, if any, opportunity for secur- 
ing an education, but is nevertheless well in- 
formed, having gained a practical education by 
observation, reading and travel. While in youth 
he gave his attention principally to farm work, 
yet the fact that he had great ability as a me- 
chanic led him to do considerable work in that 
line, and now he can turn his hand to almost any 
work, setting a tire, shoeing a horse, putting up 
a building or doing work as a stone mason. 

A short time after his marriage, in 1880, Mr. 
Cross came to Greenfield Township, where he 
has since resided. Usually he votes for Prohi- 
bition principles, but the importance of the cur- 
rency issues before the people in 1896 led him 
to vote the Republican ticket at that election. In 
religious belief a devoted Methodist, he is willing 
to do anything that will advance the cause, 
whether it be building a fire or preaching a ser- 
mon, but has never accepted official position in 
the church. His wife, who was Miss Nettie E. 
Baker of Fell Township, is a daughter of Jackson 
and Sarah A. (Montgomery) Baker, and has an 
only sister, Mrs. John Colwell. The family is 



of Scotch-Irish extraction. Her father, who was 
an early settler of Susquehanna County, after- 
ward removed to Fell Township, this county, 
wiiere he still owns a farm. Some years ago he 
removed to Oregon and recently Mr. and Mrs. 
Cross, with their only .child, Arthur J., visited 
him there, also traveled extensively along the Pa- 
cific Coast and through the west. 

JOSEPPI O'BRIEN, senior member of the 
firm of O'Brien & Kelly, attorneys of Scran- 
ton, and one of the leading criminal law- 
yers of the county, was born in Winton, Pa., 
April i6, 1861, and is a son of Michael and Ann 
(Burke) O'Brien. His father, who settled in Win- 
ton about 1850, was an employe of the Delaware 
& Hudson Railroad Company until 1863, when 
he was accidentally killed by the falling of a roof 
in Olyphant. The children, of whom there were 
nine, were small at the time of his death, and the 
labor of rearing them and preparing them for 
positions of usefulness in the world devolved 
upon the widow, who nobly discharged the trust. 
She is still living and makes her home in Oly- 
phant. Of her family of seven sons and two 
daughters, all are living except one son. 

Joseph, who was next to the youngest of the 
family, was reared in Olyphant, and at a very 
early age was obliged to assist in the maintenance 
of the family. When only seven years old he 
began to work in the breakers of the Delaware 
& Hudson road, after which he was employed as 
a helper in the mines until sixteen years of age. 
Though forced to work all day, he did not, like 
many of his playmates, idle away his evenings, 
but attended night school and by careful applica- 
tion gained a good education. 

In 1877 iMr. O'Brien passed the teachers' ex- 
amination in Olyphant, this county, where he 
taught one term and then taught in Winton 
for five years. While teaching, his leisure hours 
were employed in the study of law under Judge 
Connolly, then district attorney, and in 1883 re- 
tired from the teacher's profession, in order to 
give his entire time to legal work. Two years 
later he was admitted to the bar here and prac- 
ticed alone until 1888, when the firm of O'Brien 

& Kelly was established. In 1892 Mr. Kelly was 
made district attorney, but at the expiration of 
his term in 1895, the partnership was resumed, 
the office of the firm being in the Mears Building. 
They make a specialty of criminal law and have 
also been very successful in damage suits against 

In Scranton Mr. O'Brien married Miss Kate 
Crossen, a noted singer, who possesses a remark- 
ably pure and sweet voice. She received excel- 
lent advantages, having studied music in Albany, 
New York City and the Conservatory of Music 
in Boston. Culture, added to natural sweetness 
of voice, brought her considerable fame as a 
singer, and she has appeared in concerts not only 
in this state, but in New York and Massachusetts, 
everywhere winning the greatest praise by the 
excellence of her renditions. She is a daughter 
of the late James Crossen, formerly general yard 
master for the Delaware, Lackawanna & West- 
ern road. With a number of leading choral so- 
cieties she is identified as a prominent member, 
and all her time, aside from that required for the 
oversight of her home and the training of her two 
sons, Robert and Joseph, is given to music. 

Politically a Democrat, Mr. O'Brien has been 
chairman of the county Democratic conventions 
several times, and in 1896 was national delegate 
to the Chicago convention. For three years he 
has been a member of the examining board of 
law students for Lackawanna County, of which 
he is now president. In 1893 he took a trip to 
the Pacific Coast, visiting all points of interest 
in the far west, but, aside from that, he has de- 
voted himself closely to professional work, tak- 
ing few vacations from his office. 

dent physician of Peckville, with office in 
Main Street opposite the postofifice, was 
born on a farm in Luzerne County, Pa., August 
16, 1868. He is a son of Butler Grover, who for 
some time carried on mercantile pursuits, but is 
now engaged in farming in Luzerne County. 
The latter, by his marriage to Mary A. Briggs, 
had a family of four sons and four daughters, 
named as follows: Millard, who lives in North- 



uniberlanf] County and is a fireman on the Dela- 
ware, Lackawanna & Western road; Alartlia, 
wife of D. F. Hollopeter, of Shickshinny, Lu- 
zerne County; Hannah, also of that town; Mere- 
dith, who is engaged in the drug business in 
Freeland; Warren, the proprietor of a drug store 
in Luzerne Borough ; Laura, who is a successful 
music teacher; Mrs. Letla Sliobert, wife of a real 
estate dealer in Wilkcsbarre; and John Butler. 

The early years of the life of Dr. Grover were 
passed in close study. He was fond of books and 
learned rapidly. When but sixteen he began to 
teach, in which occupation he continued for four 
years, and meantime during the vacation seasons 
he attended normal school. It had been his 
mother's ambition to have him enter the minis- 
try, but he preferred the medical profession, and 
after spending one year in Wyoming Seminary 
he began his preparation for his life work by 
entering the Albany Medical College. Three 
years later he graduated, on completing the 
course of study there. Afterward he took a post- 
graduate course in the New York Polyclinic and 
passed a rigid examination in Jefferson Medical 
College of Philadelphia. Having gained a thor- 
ough knowledge of the profession, he opened 
an office in Peckville in 1893 3"<J established a 
practice that has grown to considerable propor- 

Politically Dr. Grover is a Republican, and in 
fraternal associations is identified with the 
Masons and the Improved Order of Heptasophs. 
He is medical examiner for various orders and 
holds membership in the State and American 
Medical Associations. He chose as his wife Miss 
Phoebe A. Croop, who was bom in Columbia 
County, graduated from the Kloomsburg State 
Normal School and engaged in teaching prior 
to her marriage. They have established a pleas- 
ant home in Peckville and have gained many 
friends in this locality. 

the experienced and successful merchant 
millers of the Lackawanna Valley. From 
early childhood he has been identified with the 
milling business and by experience has gained a 

thorough knowledge of all its details, which en- 
ables him to conduct affairs in a practical and 
efficient manner. After some time spent in the 
employ of others, in 1873 he began milling on his 
own account and for eighteen years carried on 
business in Providence, but in 1891 transferred 
his business interests to Peckville, where he has 
become known as a capable and energetic man. 
He still, however, retains ftls residence in Provi- 

The parents of our subject were Simon and 
Elizabeth (Ruth) Nyhant, who were born in 
Monroe County, Pa., and the father, a tailor by 
trade, died there at the age of forty-six. In the 
family there were seven children, of whom five 
are living: Catherine, who lives near Taylorville, 
this county; Lana, whose home is in Nazareth, 
Northampton County; Mary, living in Provi- 
dence; Lydia and Jacob Theodore. The last- 
named was born in Hamilton, Monroe County, 
Pa., April 21, 1842, and was a boy of eight years 
when hi.-; father died. Not only was he deprived 
of a father's counsel and affectionate care, but of 
his support as well, and he was therefore obliged 
to begin earning his own livelihood at a time 
when most lads are in school. Consequently his 
education was limited, yet by reading and in the 
school of experience he has gained much val- 
uable information of a general nature. 

After tv/o years in Providence, one year in Sus- 
quehanna County and a number of years in Wy- 
oming County, Mr. Nyhant returned to Provi- 
dence in 1S73 and has since made this place his 
home. When but eight years of age he had be- 
gun to work in a mill with his brother and suc- 
ceeding years of experience in the same line 
made him familiar with the business which he 
has carried on for himself since 1873. His mar- 
riage united him with Sarah A. Shook, of Wv- 
oming County, and they liave two children, Stan- 
ley W. and Magdalene. The son was bom in 
Wyoming County April 11, 1866, received his 
education in the public schools, Wyoming Sem- 
inary and Eastman's Business College in Pough- 
kcepsie, and is now his father's bookkeeper and 
assistant, being of the greatest assistance in the 
management of the business and by his industry 
and energy gaining a place among the rising 

HON. KDWAKi) mp;rrii'ii;i,1). 



young business men of the place. He married 
Blanche Brown and has two children, Hilda and 

Before studying the political question thor- 
oughly Mr. Nyhant voted the Democratic ticket, 
but in niaturer years he gave thoughtful study 
to the national issues and decided that protection 
of home industries was needed for the benefit of 
the working people of the country. Since that 
time he has been an ardent supporter of the Re- 
publican party. In former years he was active 
in the Independent Order of Odd Fellows and 
an official in his lodge, but has not retained his 
membership. In the Masonic fraternity he has 
received the seventh degree. For more than a 
quarter of a century he has been active in the 
Methodist Church, during which time he has 
been a class leader for some years and a trustee 
for twenty-two years. His son is also interested 
in and identified with the work of the same 

family of which this influential attorney 
of Scranton is an honored representative, 
originated in England, whence one Robert Mer- 
rifield, who was born in that country in 1703, 
emigrated with a brother to America, settling in 
Rhode Island. His son, William, who was born 
in that state in 1752, removed to Dutchess Coun- 
ty, N. Y., with other members of the family, and 
was employed as a school teacher there and in 
Columbia County, his death occurring in that 
county. Robert, next in line of descent, was 
born in Columbia County, N. Y., in 1778, and in 
1819 came to Pennsylvania, settling in what was 
then the township of Providence, subsequently 
Hyde Park. There, with the assistance of his 
son William, he cleared a tract of land and with 
his axe felled the trees that formed a thick forest 
growth. Upon that place he died at the age of 

William, son of Robert and father of the sub- 
ject of this sketch, was born at Pine Plains, 
Dutchess County, N. Y., April 22, 1806, and after 
completing his education, engaged in teaching 
for five consecutive wifiters. While thus em- 

ployed in Wyoming, he married Almira, sister 
of the late William Swetland and a native of 
Kingston Township, Luzerne County. Her fath- 
er, Belding Swetland, was born in Connecticut, 
and thence removed with his father, Luke, to the 
Wyoming Valley, settling about a mile from the 
site of the present Wyoming monument. The 
great-grandfather of our subject, Luke Swet- 
land, was a soldier in the Revolution, and took 
part in the Jersey campaigri, under General Wash- 
ington. At the time of the Wyoming massacre, 
he and his family were at Fortyfort, but after- 
ward he v.'as captured by the Seneca Indians, and 
in 1778 was taken up to the lakes in York State 
and there kept a prisoner for thirteen months. 
When General Sullivan's army passed near by, 
he made his escape and joined them; at first they 
thought he was a spy, but soon he was recog- 
nized, and he then accompanied the army to 
Wyoming. Reaching there, he learned that his 
family, having decided that he had been killed, 
had returned to Connecticut, and so he borrowed 
a horse and went there, bringing them back to 
Wyoming with him. There he died at the age of 
ninety-four. Mrs. Merrifield was reared in Wy- 
oming, and died in Scranton in 1880. 

The subject of this sketch was the eldest of six 
children, and is the only survivor. George died 
at the age of nineteen; Robert, at his death, left 
two sons, Frank and Robert William departed 
this life, leaving no children; Caroline and Mar- 
tha died in girlhood. Their father, who was long 
an honored and prominent citizen of Scranton, 
engaged in the mercantile business at Center 
Moreland, Luzerne County, for one year. He 
dien returned to Hyde Park, where he had pre- 
viously been instrumental in securing the post- 
office and had served as postmaster. On his re- 
turn, he was reappointed postmaster, and held 
that position for ten years, meantime erecting a 
building and engaging in the mercantile busi- 
ness. With a prophetic instinct regarding the 
future of this county, in 1838 he became a joint 
owner of the main portion of the lands now in- 
corporated in the central part of Scranton. As a 
result of his efforts, in 1840 the property was dis- 
posed of to Col. George W. Scranton, the founder 
of the city that bears his name. 



In 1843 Mr. Merrifield was elected to the legis- 
lature, where he was retained for three consecu- 
tive terms, filling that responsible position with 
marked ability. All public enterprises received 
his co-operation, when once he was assured of 
their beneficial influence. Especially was he con- 
cerned in the progress of Scranton, to which he 
platted several additions, among them the one 
known as; Merrifield's i)lot of lots in the four- 
teenth ward and in Keyser's Valley. Educational 
matters received his encouragement, and as 
school director he contributed much to the im- 
])rovenicnt of the school system. lie also gave 
liberally to the erection of churches and the car- 
rying forward of religious enterprises. In 1856 
he was elected associate judge of Luzerne Coun- 
ty, in which position his knowledge of law, gained 
by private reading, was most helpful. In 1870 he 
was elected president of the Hyde Park Bank, 
an institution that enjoyed the confidence of the 
community as long as he lived. The success 
that he achieved, the good that he accomplished 
and the enterprises which he fostered, entitle 
him to the lasting remembrance of the people of 
Scranton. After an illness of two months, he 
passed from earth June 4, 1877. The store which 
he built in North Main Avenue in 183 1 still 
stands on its original site, opposite the Methodist 
Episcopal Church in Hyde Park, and his old res- 
idence is also standing. 

In Hyde Park, then in Luzerne County, Pa., 
the subject of this sketch was born July 30, 1832, 
and here he was reared. His literary education 
was obtained in Wyoming Seminary and Oxford 
Academy, after which he began the study of law 
in Judge McCartney's law school at Easton, 
where he remained one term, later reading in the 
ofifice of Harris & Wright in Wilkcsbarre. In 
1855 he opened an office in Scranton, where he 
has since continued in the general practice of 
law. This has been his life-long work, with the 
exception of a short time spent in the mercantile 
business as his father's partner. He was united 
in marriage at Owego, N. Y., with Miss A. Jen- 
nie Eldridge, who was born in Montrose, Sus- 
fiuehanna County, Pa., the daughter of James 
Eldridge, for many years a merchant of Owego. 
Mr. and Mrs. Merrifield have an adopted daugh- 

ter, Jessie, who was educated at Miss Walsh's 
school in South Bethlehem, Pa. 

A prominent and well known attorney and 
representative citizen of Scranton, recognized as 
such by a large circle of friends and acquaint- 
ances, IMr. Merrifield has also won prosperity, 
and although he began in his profession without 
capital, he has worked his way upward to a posi- 
tion of affluence. He is a warm friend to all en- 
terprises calculated to promote the moral and 
educational interests of the conniuinity. A man 
of loyal patriotism, his country and its interests 
have a warm place in his heart. In politics he is 
a Democrat, prominent in the councils of his 
party, by whom he was nominated for judge of 
court of connnon pleas in 1884., and for mem- 
ber of congress in 1894 and 1896. Wlien chosen 
candidate for judge, he defeated Judge Handley 
for the nomination; thereupon the latter ran on 
the independent ticket, causing a division of the 
Democratic votes, and resulting in the election 
of the' Republican nominee. No one was more 
interested than he in securing the separation of 
Lackawanna from Luzerne County, and for 
about seven years he spent a portion of each 
winter at Harrisburg, lobbying for the bill. Fin- 
ally he was successful, and in 1878, when the vic- 
tory was gained, he was chairman of the com- 
mittee on the new county. Individually, he is a 
man of force of will and strong character, one 
fitted by nature and training for the profession in 
which he has long been prominent. Sufficient 
wealth has rewarded his efforts to enable him to 
live in comfort and to give generously to philan- 
thropic measures, so that his life may be said to 
be successful, in the best meaning of that word. 

ijroprietor of a general store at No. 34 
.Main Street, Carbondale, was born in 
County Sligo, Ireland, and was orphaned h\' tlie 
death of his parents when he was a mere child. 
Reared in the home of an uncle he early learned 
many hard lessons in the school of poverty and 
toil. His education was obtained by observation 
and business e.xperience rather than from text 
books. At the age of twenty he came to America 


and for a time was employed by a contractor in 
Scranton, working first in a quarry, then in the 
mines, and afterward at general carpentering. 
Being handy with tools, he picked up the trade 
without trouble, and always met with success in 
it. Not only did he make money, but, far better, 
he saved it. As he became the possessor of in- 
creasing means, he invested in United States 
bonds and in other ways put his money where it 
would bring in return a good interest. 

As soon as his circumstances justified such a 
venture, Mr. McDonnell embarked in the gen- 
eral mercantile business in Carbondale. It was 
in 1878 that he opened his store, and for some 
time he carried on business on a small scale, but 
gradually increased his stock as the trade en- 
larged. After some time, wishing to retire, he 
established a nephew in the business, which he 
transferred to him, but w'as finally obliged to step 
to the latter's assistance and pay off the large in- 
debtedness he had incurred. While he was not 
legally bound to do this, he felt the moral obli- 
gation resting upon him. He then took the 
business again and since 1891 has conducted it 
at No. 34 Main Street, carrying a well-selected 
stock of dry goods, flour, feed, boots and shoes, 
etc.- He is keen and shrewd, possessing the fac- 
ulty of making money more easily than some, 
and under his efUcient management the business 
has become prosperous. He gives little attention 
to politics, though uniformly voting the Demo- 
cratic ticket. In religious belief he is a Catho- 
lic and a regular attendant at the services of that 

CHARLES H. SHEDD, proprietor of the 
Royal Dairy at No. 536 Spruce Street, 
Scranton, was born in Kankakee, 111., in 
July, 1864, and is a son of W. R. and Sarah 
(^Grififin) Shedd, natives respectively of Eagle 
Bridge, near Saratoga, and Griffin Corners, Del- 
aware County, N. Y. The family, of which he 
is next to the youngest, consisted originally of 
five children, but one is now deceased. His fa- 
ther, at an early age, accompanied the other 
members of the family \vest to Illinois and grew 
to manhood upon a farm, later selecting agri- 

culture as his occupation. He was thus engaged 
for a time in Kankakee County, but preferring 
the east, he came to Lackawanna County in 1869 
and for some years made his home at Clarks 
Green. At this writing, however, he is living 
retired in Scranton. 

Coming to this county in February of 1869, 
the subject of this sketch grew to manhood at 
Clarks Green, fitted by education and training at 
home and in school for the practical duties await- 
ing him in the business world. In 1884 he came 
to Scranton and four years later opened a dairy 
business, at first running only one wagon, but, 
as his patronage increased, he also enlarged his 
facilities for business and now has three wagons. 
He has his office and depot of supplies at No. 536 
Spruce Street, where may be found every facil- 
ity for conducting a large and successful busi- 
ness, retail and wholesale. Besides the sale of 
milk, he also deals in butter, fresh eggs, cottage 
cheese, bakery goods and the celebrated Scott 
Valley cream. For the convenience of the pub- 
lic, he has telephones in his office and his resi- 
dence at No. 1618 Penn Avenue. The dairy is 
one of the largest in the county, the milk from 
over two hundred cows being sold. 

The marriage of Mr. Shedd occurred in this 
city, his wife being Miss Jennie E., daughter of 
.Samuel Storie, a farmer of Delaware County, 
N. Y., where she was born. They are the parents 
of three children, Donald, Margaret and Louise. 
Mr. Shedd is identified with the Green Ridge 
Presbyterian Church and in political affiliations 
is a true blue Republican. He has fraternal rela- 
tions with the Heptasophs. the Benevolent Pro- 
tective Order of Elks and Green Ridge Lodge 
No. 603, I. O. O. F. The large success which 
has already rewarded his e.xertions is due prin- 
cipally to his business acumen, great energy and 
constant effort to please his customers, whose 
patronage he has secured and retains tlirough 
his honest dealings and reliabilitv. 

SAMUEL F. GOODRICH. In recalling 
the labors which have contributed to the 
development of Greenfield Township, we 
feel a glo^v of admiration for all who bore a part 



in the scenes of early days. Among this class 
was Janiin Goodrich, father of the subject of 
this sketch and a native of Connecticut, born 
near Hartford. The long journey from that state 
to Pennsylvania he made by wagon about 1815 
and reaching Greenfield Township settled in the 
midst of the forest, where he built a log house. 
All the hardships incident to frontier life he expe- 
rienced. The nearest mill was at Wilkesbarre, 
and he traveled back and forth on horseback, 
carrying the grist. In that early day deer, bear 
and other wild animals were still occasionally 
seen, and all the surroundings were those of 
primitive nature. It required constant exertion 
for months to secure the clearing of the land 
by chopping down the trees that formed a thick 
forest growth. 

Through industry and good judgment Jamin 
Goodrich succeeded in accumulating an excellent 
estate, well supplied with the improvements that 
make life in the country enjoyable and add to 
the value of property. He possessed the hos- 
pitable spirit that is a distinguishing character- 
istic of pioneers in any section of the countr)'. 
Honorable in his dealings, he was justly highly 
regarded by his associates. In his old age, when 
physical infirmities prevented him from manual 
labor, he loved to review the past and note the 
many changes wrought by time, with the assist- 
ance of the pioneer's strong right arm. He 
could relate many an interesting incident con- 
nected with the early settlement of the township, 
where so much of his life was passed. On the old 
place built up by his industry, he closed his eyes 
in death February 20, 1872, at the age of eighty- 
six. His wife, who was Annie Gladding of Con- 
necticut, died at the age of sixty-seven years, five 
months and thirteen days. Their children were 
named, Ira, Jamin, Hart, Samuel F., David, 
Annie and Clark, all of whom are deceased but 
our subject and Clark, who lives in Hyde Park, 

On the old homestead in Greenfield Township, 
the subject of this sketch was born November 2, 
1819. His education was limited to a brief at- 
tendance in the common schools of the district, 
but most of his time was given to farm work and 
the clearing of the home place. There he resided 

until 1889 and then moved to his present home, 
five miles from Carbondale. In October, 1862, 
he enlisted as a member of Company B, One 
Hundred and Seventy-seventh Pennsylvania In- 
fantry, and was assigned to the Army of the Po- 
tomac. For eleven months he was engaged 
principally in guard duty, and the constant ex- 
posure and hardships of camp life undermined 
his health to such an extent that he has never 
been well since. 

June 23, 1861, Mr. Goodrich was united in 
marriage with Miss Mary E., daughter of John 
T. and Eliza (Hatting) Whiting, of Susquehanna 
County. Her father was born in Massachu- 
setts in 1S02, and spent his early life in Attle- 
boro, that state. After the birth of four chil- 
dren, he and his wife started on the then long 
journey to Peimsylvania, taking with them per- 
sonal elTects, clothing and provisions sufficient 
to provide for their necessities the first year in 
their new home. In crossing a river, however, 
the boat sank. The father with the older chil- 
dren, and the mother with one child in her arms 
and the baby held by her teeth in its clothes, 
swam ashore, but their household goods were 
lost. A kind family provided for them, giving 
them dry clothes, and enabling them to proceed 
without much delay upon their way. They con- 
tinued the journey by canal, and arrived in 
Brooklyn Township, Susquehanna County, 
poor indeed, but full of courage and determina- 
tion. Mr. Whiting, who was a rake maker by 
trade, rented a small place with a shop, and thus 
secured a start; after a few years he bought prop- 
erty in Lenox Township, and there died in 1870. 
His death was caused by an accident in his own 
mill; his arm catching in the circular saw was 
severed from his body. He died two days 
afterward. Of his twelve children two died in 
infancy. The others were named as follows: 
Alfred D., now living in Lenox Township; 
Jonah S. ; Eliza, deceased; J. L., of Lenox; 
George S., whose home is in Binghamton; 
Joseph E. ; Henry H., a brave soldier in the Civ- 
il War, dying while in the army; Preston H., of 
Cortland, N. Y.; Mary E.; and Sallie M., de- 

Mr. and Mrs. Goodrich are the parents of six 


children, Clara C, Fred M., Mary E., John R., 
Alva R. and Katie L. The eldest daughter 
married Nathaniel Goodrich, of Greenfield 
Township, and they have six children, Jessie 
R., Bessie M., Samuel A., Edna E., Ralph H. 
and Mabel M. Fred M., of Carbondale, mar- 
ried Susan Breeze, and they had two children, 
Sadie R., and Dora E. ; after the death of his 
first wife he was united in marriage with Mabel 
Ferguson. Mary E. is the wife of Fred Collins 
of Scranton, and they have two children, Nora 
Estella and Cora Rosella. John R., a resident 
of Carbondale, married Eva Lozier, and they 
have a son, Harry. Alva is a young man of 
great physical strength and endurance, and has 
been offered a position on the New York City 
police force, but still remains with his parents, 
assisting in the work of the farm. The youngest 
member of the family is Katie L., who is an excel- 
lent musician, a sweet singer, and an accom- 
plished young lady, the pride of her parents; she 
is secretary of the Baptist Sunday-school and is 
popular in the social circles of the neighborhood. 
Mrs. Goodrich is a Baptist in religious belief, 
as were also her parents, though they were be- 
lievers in close communion, while she affiliates 
with the Free Baptists. In his political belief 
Mr. Goodrich votes the Democratic ticket and 
supports the party principles, and, like all old 
soldiers, he is interested in Grand Army mat- 

borough of Archbald is not without 
her share of members of the learned 
professions, who are a credit to the calling they 
have chosen and to the town itself. Among 
those who have been successful in the practice 
of medicine may be mentioned Dr. Van Doren, 
who devotes himself assiduously to his practice 
and the scientific investigations which will en- 
hance his professional knowledge and skill. He 
is recognized as one of the able physicians of 
the conimunit)'. 

The parents of our subject, John P. and Mary 
E (Dumont) Van Doren, were born in Somerset 
County, N. J., where the former followed the 

occupation of a farmer. He died at the age of 
forty-one, and his widow is now living in Arch- 
bald. Of their seven children, only three are 
living: John, who resides in St. Louis, Mo.; 
Mary Ella, wife of Thomas Morrie; and William, 
who was born February 25, 1858, the eldest of 
the family. He was reared on a farm until thir- 
teen years of age, when he accompanied his 
parents to the village of Middlebush, N. J., and 
there he was given excellent advantages in pub- 
lic and select schools. From 1873 to 1876 he 
prepared for Rutgers College and graduated 
from that institution in 1880. 

Shortly after the completion of his literary ed- 
ucation, our subject commenced the study of 
medicine, and in 1885 graduated from the med- 
ical department of the University of the City of 
New York. The winter of 1885-86 was spent 
in hospital work at Wilkesbarre, thus affording 
practical experience of much advantage to him. 
In the spring of 1886, his classmate, Dr. Harry 
Davidson, who had established a practice at 
Archbald, died, and he came to this place, where 
he has since built up a fair practice. The ex- 
cellent preparation which he received in college 
and in hospital work proved of the greatest as- 
sistance to him when starting out, and enabled 
him to gain the confidence of the people, which 
his skillful diagnosis of difficult cases and pains- 
taking care abundantly justified. At this writ- 
ing he is officiating as secretary of the Arch- 
bald board of health. In 1893 he was united in 
niarriage with Miss F. Grace Decker of Clif- 
ford, and" they have established a comfortable 
home in Archbald. Favoring the protection of 
home industries and the gold standard of money, 
he advocates the principles of the Republican 
part}^, and always votes that ticket at local and 
general elections. 

ORLANZO WELLS. In Greenfield 
Township there is no farmer more high- 
ly esteemed than the subject of this 
sketch, who has spent his entire life on the place 
where he now lives. His estate is peculiarly 
adapted to the raising of celery, and hence he 
has decided to make a specialty of this vegeta- 



ble. He has also given considerable attention 
to stock-raising-, and from the sale of milk re- 
ceives a valuable addition to his income. As a 
farmer, he is industrious, painstaking and per- 
severing, and deserves the success he has se- 

The father of our subject, William L. Wells, 
was born in Orange County, N. Y., August lo, 
1816, and wlien a young man came to Pennsyl- 
vania, first settling in Clifford Township, Sus- 
quehanna County, but after his marriage remov- 
ing to his present home in Greenfield Township. 
Farming has been his life occupation, and to it 
he has attended strictly, taking little interest in 
outside matters. Notwithstanding his advanced 
years, he is hale and hearty, with his mental 
and physical faculties unimpaired. His wife, 
who bore the maiden name of Mercy A. Run- 
nells, was born in Boston, Mass., July 20, 181 5, 
and is vigorous of mind and body, attending 
personally to marketing in Carbondale and sell- 
ing the products of the farm herself. She is in 
many respects a remarkable woman. 

There are five children in the parental family, 
namely: Orlanzo, the subject of this sketch, 
who was born June 15, 1846; William S., who 
was born July 3, 1848, and now resides on the 
old homestead; George W., born June 22, 1851; 
Lewis, born December 27, 1854, now a carpen- 
ter in Carbondale; and Sanniel A., who was 
born January 3, 1856, and now resides at the 
old home place. Few educational advantages 
fell to the lot of our subject, for at an early age 
he was obliged to assist in the cultivation of 
the farm, and has always been a hard worker. 
A natural mechanic, he built his own house near 
the old home, and has also done some work of 
that kind in Carbondale; while he never reg- 
ularly learned the trade, he is a better mechanic 
than many who have served an apprenticeship. 

At the age of twenty-one Mr. Wells was united 
in marriage with Miss Julielt Kelmer, of this 
county, and the following year they settled at 
their present abode. Five children blessed 
their union: William L.; Norman, who died at 
seventeen years; Arthur, Rosa Bell and Cora 
Anna. Wliile Mr. Wells is interested in local 
affairs, as every loyal citizen should be, he does 

n<jt mingle with politicians, being i^untent to dis- 
charge his duty by exercising the right of fran- 
chise. He favors Democratic principles and sup- 
ports the men and measures of that party. 

LUTHER LEE is one of the old residents 
of Greenfield Township, and has spent 
I) is entire life in this vicinity, having 
never been fifty miles away from the town. The 
sights and scenes of city life, or other supposed 
attractive spots, have never had for him any 
charms, and he considers them only "vanity and 
vexation of spirit." To him the idea of seeing 
the world or any part of it has no attractions, 
and he is fully content to live tranquilly and 
quietly under his own "vine and fig tree," with 
no ocular demonstration of the beauties of other 

In Blakely Township, where he was born, 
January 25, 1822, Mr. Lee spent the first seven 
years of his life, and then was brought to Green- 
field Township, where he has since resided. He 
and his older brother, Martin, of this township, 
and a younger brother, John, of Clifford, Sus- 
quehanna Coimty, are the sole survivors of the 
ten children of John and Catharine (Rivenburd) 
Lee, natives of Duchess County, N. Y. The 
father, who was a fanner,, died at the age of sev- 
enty-two, and the mother passed away at sev- 

Though deprived of school advantages, Mr. 
Lee is a well informed man, and especially so 
in matters pertaining to farm work. March 6, 
1847, he married Phoebe, daughter of John 
Cobb, who was his faithful helpmate until her 
death in December, 1894, at the age of sixty- 
five. Of their nine children, six are living, 
namely: Sabina Ann, Lafayette, Addie, Eu- 
gene, Emory and Oscar, all residents of this 
township. The youngest son, Oscar, assists his 
father in the management of the farm and is a 
young man of industrious habits and energetic 
character. He married Alice, daughter of 
George Vail, of Scott Township, and they, with 
their two children, Gertrude and Alberta, reside 
with our subject, making for him a pleasant 
lionie in his declining years. 



The eldest child of our subject is the wife of 
William McLaughlin and the mother of four 
children, Thomas, Luther, Lewis and Caroline. 
Her oldest son, Thomas, married Ruth Steele, 
and they have two sons, Charles and Frank, thus 
making four generations of the family now liv- 
ing. Lafayette was united in marriage with 
Miss Margaret Spencer, and their two children 
are Lewis and Spencer; by a former marriage 
he had two children, Minnie and Zopher, of 
whom the former is the wife of Robert Heeney, 
of Scranton and the mother of a son, Frank. 
Our subject's younger daughter, Addie, is the 
wife of Clarence Vail, and they have one child, 
Etta. Eugene was first married to Harriet Lee, 
by whom he had a son and a daughter, Lizzie 
and Jesse; afterward he married Margaret Don- 
nelly, and they have two children, Everett and 

derman of the twelfth ward, Scranton, and 
a well-known attorney-at-law, with office 
in the Republican Building, was born in the 
twelfth ward in 1856, being the only surviving 
son of Dennis and Mary (Dwyer) Donovan. His 
father, who was one of the early settlers of Scran- 
ton, came here early in the '50s and entered 
the employ of the Lackawanna Iron & Coal 
Company, working for a time In the mines and 
later in a rail mill. In 1861 he settled upon 
uninyjroved farming property in Lenox Town- 
ship, Susqueiianna County, four miles north of 
the home of Hon. Galusha A. Grow, where he 
cleared and placed under cultivation a small 
estate, continuing its management until his death 
in 1879, at the age of si.xty-five. His widow, 
who survived him a number of years, made her 
home with our subject until her death, which 
occurred in October of 189T, at the age of nearly 
seventy years. 

When about five years of age the subject of 
this sketch was taken by his parents to the 
farm in Lenox Township, and there his child- 
hood years were passed. From an early age he 
displayed a fondness for good books and a de- 
sire to gain a thorough education. To this end 

he industriously bent his efforts. For a time he 
attended the district schools, then was a student 
successively in the graded school at Harford, 
Pa., the high school of Scranton, Merrill's Aca- 
demic School and the Keystone Academy at Fac- 
toryville. When seventeen years of age he began 
to teach school and was thus engaged in Sus- 
quehanna County for fifteen terms, covering a 
period of about six years. The money thus 
gained was used in defraying the expenses of his 
education, so that he may be said to have made 
his own way in the world. 

^Meantime Mr. Donovan began the study of 
law with Lusk & O'Neil of Montrose and was 
admitted to the bar there in April, 1882. In 
November, 1885, he came to Scranton, settling 
in the twelfth ward and beginning the practice of 
his profession, which he has since carried on 
efficiently. His success in election contest cases 
has caused the people to regard him as a spe- 
cialist in that line. One of these cases he won 
in the court of common pleas, increasing the 
majority from twenty-two, the face of the re- 
turns, to thirty-six, but the opposition carried it 
to the house of representatives a few days be- 
fore the close of the session and there the decis- 
ion was reversed. 

In February, 1887, Mr. Donovan was elected 
alderman from the twelfth ward and was re-elect- 
ed in February, 1892, being commissioned the 
first time by Governor Beaver and the second 
time by Governor Pattison. He was the unani- 
mous choice of both the Democrat and Repub- 
lican caucuses for a third term and was duly 
elected. With his wife and sons, Cornelius and 
William, he has a pleasant home at No. 309 
Prospect Avenue. Mrs. Donovan was formerly 
Maggie Murray, and was born in Paradise, Mon- 
roe County, Pa., but resided for some time in 
Great Bend, Susquehanna County, where she 
was married in July, 1889. 

For several years our subject has officiated 
as president of Division No. 3, A. O. H., which 
he represented in the national convention of the 
order at Detroit, Mich., in July, 1896. He is 
also identified with Roaring Brook Conclave No. 
214, I. O. H., which he represented in 1895 at 
tlie supreme conclave in New Haven, and was 


elected to represent his lodge to the supreme 
conclave in Louisville, K)'., in May, 1897. Po- 
litically a Democrat, he has been a member of 
the city and county central committees since 
1886, and for two terms has served as secretary 
of the county committee. He is a member of 
St. Peter's Church and formerly an active work- 
er in the Temperance Union of the diocese of 
Scranton, of which he was secretary for two 
terms. His legal practice is large and extends 
into the circuit, district, superior and federal 

SANFORD E. WEDEMAN. The subject 
of this article is a native of Greenfield 
Township, has grown to man's estate on 
the farm which he now cultivates and has never 
been away from home except for short inter- 
vals. He is the son of a pioneer agriculturist 
of the township and grandson of a man who 
came here when the country was sparsely set- 
tled. He is therefore well posted regarding the 
history of this section and is proud of his con- 
nection with those who aided in securing its de- 

During the progress of the Revolutionary War 
Daniel VVedeman, our subject's great-grand- 
father, a native of Hamburg, Germany, came to 
America, and served as a member of General 
Burgoyne's army. Settling permanently in this 
country, he devoted himself from that time to 
agricultural pursuits. His son, Henry C, was 
born in Blakcly, Pa., near the site of the old 
axe factory, and some years after his marriage 
came to Greenfield Township, purchasing fifty 
acres of timbered land for $50. At that time 
the property was covered with a dense forest 
growth and was considered of little value, but by 
cultivation it became worth a considerable 

The father of our subject, Ebenezer Wede- 
man, was born in Providence, this county, Octo- 
ber 12, 1822, and was brought to Greenfield 
Township by his parents when four vears of 
age. On the death of his father, he succeeded 
to the ownership of the place, and has here re- 
sided since, devoting himself to farm work. 

With few opportunities for school advantages, he 
is nevertheless well informed, having been a care- 
ful, observant student of men and events. Reared 
in the faith of the Democratic party, to which 
his father belonged, he voted that ticket until 
the Fremont-Buchanan campaign, when he sup- 
ported the Republican candidate, and has since 
been a pronounced advocate of that party. His 
son, our subject, also favors Republican princi- 

In all his work Ebenezer Wedeman has had 
the efiticient co-operation of his estimable wife, 
who was born, Ann Clarkson, in England, and 
came to this country at five years. She is still 
living, as are also her seven children: Frank, 
whose home is in Factory ville; Charles, of 
Whitewood, S. D.; Adelia, who is with her par- 
ents; Isabella, the widow of J. M. Russell; Hen- 
ry, who lives near the old homestead; Emma, 
IMrs. James M. Archibald, of South Gibson, Pa.; 
and Sanford E., the youngest, who was born 
March 30, 1862. The last-named was given a 
district school education and early in life be- 
came familiar with the work incident to the occu- 
pation of farming. Since attaining manhood he 
has relieved his father of a large share of the re- 
sponsibility of managing the home place and 
is successfully superintending its cultivation. 
His wife, who bore the maiden name of Agnes 
Muir, died in July, 1891, leaving two children, 
Majorie and Angus S. He is an active member 
of the Farmers' Alliance and maintains an inter- 
est in ever_\thing pertaining to his chosen call- 
ing. The original acreage of the place, bought 
by his grandfather, has been increased by subse- 
quent purchase and there are now seventy-five 
acres in tlie farm, the principal industry being 
the dairv business. 

WALTER FRICK, city engineer of 
Carbondale, was born in Lewisburg, 
Union County, Pa., April 2, 1863, and 
is a son of Henry and Sarah (Blair) Frick, the 
former a native of NorthuuibL-rland County, the 
latter of Lewisburg. They have long been resi- 
dents of that place, the father being engaged in 
the lumber business. The five children com- 





prising the family, Ida May, Jennie B., Walter, 
Annie E. and Sarah J. were born in Lewisburg 
and all are living there, with the exception of 
Walter. ' In boyhood he was given excellent 
educational advantages, attending the common 
schools and Bloomsburg Academy, and later 
taking a thorough course in civil engineering at 
Lehigh Universitv. 

The first employment secured by Mr. Frick in 
his chosen occupation was for the Lewisburg 
& Tyrone Railroad, and he continued in rail- 
road work, some of which was quite difficult, 
until 1890. In the fall of 1885 he located in 
Scranton, and was engaged with the Lackawan- 
na Iron & Steel Company, remaining with them 
one year. In 1886 he came from Scranton to 
Carbondalc, where for some time he was em- 
ployed on the Delaware & Hudson Railroad as 
division engineer of the Pennsylvania division. 
Upon his election to his present responsible posi- 
tion of city engineer, in 1890, he took hold of 
the work with enthusiasm, and at once infused 
new life into it. Soon it occupied his entire 
time, and he is now one of the busy men of the 
city. His experience enabled him to discharge 
his duties with efficiency, and secured the public 
approbation. He is now serving his third con- 
secutive term of three years each. 

Mr. Frick and his wife, whom he married 
in Lewisburg and who was formerly Margaret 
Bennett, have two children, Walter and Harry, 
and reside at No. 67 Wyoming Street. In poli- 
tics he votes the Republican ticket at the polls 
and lends his influence to that party. He is 
identified with the Engineers' Club of Scranton, 
Philadelphia Engineers' Club and American So- 
ciety of Civil Engineers. Fraternally he is con- 
nected with Carbondale Lodge No. 249, F. & 
A. M., Eureka Chapter No. 179, R. A. M., and 
Palestine Commandery No. 14, K. T. 

BRYCE RONALD BLAIR was born in the 
city of Glasgow, Scotland, September 21, 
1832, the youngest son of William Blair, 
a well known merchant and manufacturer of that 
city. At an early age he was taken into his father's 
warehouse, but the business being too confining, 

was not to his liking. He turned his attention to 
civil engineering, and after a thorough course and 
some practical experience, he decided to make 
the United States his home, thinking it a better 
field. He arrived in Pennsylvania in November, 
1852, and at once took out his first naturalization 
papers. He was first employed on the construc- 
tion of the north branch canal aqueduct at 
Tunkhannock, and in 1853 was engaged on the 
junction canal, New York, as superintendent on 
sections 30 and 31. In 1854, under Chief Engi- 
neer Thomas T. Wireman, he was engaged on the 
surveys and location of the Barclay Railroad in 
Bradford County, Pa. Late in the same year, 
under Chief Engineer Edwin McNeill, he was 
engaged in the surveys of the first railroad 
through the Wyoming Valley, the Lackawanna 
and Bloomsburg, remaining there as resident en- 
gineer and roadmaster until 1865, when he re- 
signed his position to accept one with the Not- 
tingham Coal Company of Baltimore, Md., about 
to construct immense coal works at Plymouth, 
Pa., as constructing engineer and general super- 
intendent. He built their works, at that time the 
largest in the world, and at the present time ex- 
celled by none. 

In December, 1868, Mr. Blair was appointed 
chief engineer of the Jefiferson branch of the 
Erie Railway from Carbondale to Susquehanna, 
through the wilds of Upper Lackawanna, Wayne 
and Susquehanna Counties. The road was built 
in twenty months, and cost $2,000,000. After its 
completion, he spent several years engineering 
and contracting, until 1876, being desirous of a 
more settled life, he engaged in the manufacture 
of shovels at Wyoming, Pa., in which he con- 
tinued until 1880. He then engaged with Hon. 
E. E. Hendrick, of Carbondale, to look after his 
interests in the oil regions and as constructing en- 
gineer in New Jersey, until 1882, since which 
time he has followed the lines of his profession as 
engineer and contractor. For several years he 
was city engineer of the city of Carbondale, Pa. 

In 1857 and 1896 Mr. Blair revisited his native 
land. In 1858 he married Emma, the eldest 
daughter of Colonel W. A. Tubbs, of Luzerne 
County. Nine sons and two daughters were bom 
unto them. Six of the sons remain: Bryce, the 



eldest, in Colorado; Rev. William T., in Mount 
Upton, N. Y. ; Robert, Frank, Charles and Ralph, 
at Carbondale. Mrs. Blair died in May, 1894, 
aged sixty years, and was laid to rest in Maple- 
wood cemetery. Her pallbearers were Mr. Blair 
and five of his sons. 

Mr. Blair was made a Mason in Lodge No. 61, 
F. & A. M., at Wilkesbarre, Pa., in 1857, and 
Roval Arch and Council at Catawissa and Knight 
Templar at Bloomsburg in 1864. Hon. E. C. 
W'adhams, J. W. Eno, Robert Love, David Levi 
and Bryce R. Blair, as cliartcr members, obtained 
from the Grand Lodge of Pennsylvania the char- 
ter for Plymouth Lodge No. 332, F. & A. M., 
in 1859. He was elected W. M. in 1862, and 
later high priest of Valley Chapter, of which 
he is also a charter member. Of the charter mem- 
bers of Lodge No. 332, he is the only surviving 

He never had any political aspirations, having 
an inbred dislike for the methods employed. He 
was nominated by the Taxpayers' Association for 
county commissioner and without any efifort on 
his part secured the city vote, yet to his great 
relief he was not elected. The ofBce of mayor 
has been frequently tendered him by both po- 
litical parties, but invariably declined. He is in- 
dependent in politics, belonging to no party, sim- 
ply an American citizen, exercising his right to 
vote and discharge his other duties according to 
his best judgment, and although actively en- 
gaged in business for over forty years has never 
appeared in a court house either as plaintiff or 

GEORGE H. DIMOCK has been in the 
employ of the Delaware & Hudson 
Canal Company since a youth of fifteen 
years, and ffjr the past eleven years has held 
the responsible position of engineer. A native 
of Pennsylvania, his home has been in Carbon- 
dale since 1865, and during all these years he 
has shown himself to be an honest, industrious 
and energetic man, fully worthy of the respect 
of his fellowmen. He is an active member of the 
Brotherhood of Locomotive Engineers, in which 
he carries a $3,000 life and accident insurance. 

Fraternally he is connected with tlie Junior Or- 
der of American Mechanics and at one time af- 
filiated with the Ancient Order of Odd Fellows, 
but is now dcmitted. 

The father of our subject, George D. Dimock, 
was born in Wayne County, Pa., and in 1865 re- 
moved to Carbondale, where he now makes his 
home in Canaan Street. Throughout his entire 
active life, a period of more than fifty years, he 
has been in the employ of the Delaware & Hud- 
son Canal Company, and during much of this 
time has worked as a car builder for tlie Gravity 
road. Though now seventy-six years of age, he 
is still quite hale and strong. His father died 
when forty years of age, but his mother, Mrs. 
Betsy Dimock, is still living, at the advanced 
age of ninety-six. Our subject has in his pos- 
session a picture, with her as the head, repre- 
senting five generations. 

By his marriage to Sarah Swackhamer, a na- 
tive of New Jersey, George D. Dimock had four 
sons and two daughters, namely: Benjamin, 
who is employed as car repairer for the Delaware 
& Hudson Company; William W., foreman on 
the Gravity road ; Louisa, wife of Warren Ellis, 
of Carbondale; George H.; Emma, Mrs. Jolm 
Copeland, of this city; and Job.n W., who is en- 
gaged in the gents' furnishing business here. 
George H. was born in Wayne County, Pa., 
April 18, 1850, and in boyhood attended school 
a short time, but his mind was too active for the 
dull routine of text book work, and as soon as 
possible he entered the great world of activity. 
In October, 1865, he began to work on the Del- 
aware & Hudson Railroad and for four years 
was employed as brakeman on the Gravity road, 
after which he was fireman on the steam road 
for six years. He was then promoted to his 
present position of engineer. 

In 1869 Mr. Dimock married Sarah Blanch- 
ard, who died in 1873, leaving two children: 
Charles E., who married Anna Norris and has 
three children, Bessie, Eleanor and Gladys; and 
Sarah E., who married Horace Frear and has 
one son, Carroll. In July, 1875, Mr. Dimock 
married Johanna Hunter, who was born in Ayr, 
Scotland, in October, 1853. She was brought to 
this country at the age of eleven years by her 



parents and grew to womanhood here, receivhig 
an excellent education. She is a lady of broad 
information and kind heart, interested in charita- 
ble work and active in the Woman's Relief 
Corps. Five children were born of tiiis union, 
of whom the eldest died in infancy, and the 
third, Albert, died at the age of four years and 
eight months. The others are William H., Mari- 
on E. and Margaret H., all of whom are in Car- 
bondale. The family attend the Presbyterian 
Church and are interested in all religious enter- 

The interest which Mrs. Dimock has shown in 
the Relief Corps and in all army matters is 
not unusual, when the fact of her father's pa- 
triotism is taken into consideration. Though not 
a native of this country, he was ever loyal to 
its welfare and aided in preserving its identity 
as a Union. In October, 1862, he enlisted in 
the service and was assigned to General Banks' 
division. From that time onward he saw much 
hard service, both upon the battle field and in 
long and forced marches. In the most perilous 
positions, however, his courage never failed him. 
He was a true soldier, strong to fight beneath 
the folds of the old flag. At last, ere yet victory 
had perched upon the banners of the Union, he 
gave his life for the sake of the cause he loved 
so well, dying at Salisbury, N. C. where he was 
held prisoner by the Confederates, January 29, 
1865. He was one of the truest soldiers that 
the One Hundred and Sixty-second New York 
Infantry gave to the service, and his name de- 
serves to be placed among those of our martyr 

posing the firm of Kunz Brothers, are 
contractors and builders at Jessup, where 
they have excellent facilities for carrying on their 
business successfully. In 1893 the senior mem- 
ber of the firm came to this place from Scranton, 
where he had been engaged as a contractor, and 
later he was joined here by his brother, the two 
founding the business which has since grown 
rapidly and assumed large proportions. Though 
possessing ability as architects, they have not 

as yet entered that line of business, but in fu- 
ture years will doubtless add it to contracting. 

The Kunz family originated in Germany, in 
which country Jacob, the father of our subjects, 
was born and reared. At the age of twenty- 
seven, in 1855, he crossed the ocean, desiring to 
establish his home in America. Since then he 
has been a resident of Lackawanna County, and 
while he has not accumulated wealth, he is well- 
to-do, with sufficient property to enable him to 
live in retirement from active labor. He has held 
local offices and is now serving as assessor. His 
marriage to Magdalena Hartman resulted in the 
birth of nine children, of whom six are living, 
namely: Mrs. Mary Luther; of Jessup; Mrs. 
Catherine Reisig, whose home is in Scranton; 
Frederick and Flenry J.; Mrs. Lottie Truss, of 
Scranton, and Jacob. 

. The older of the brothers, Fred, was born in 
.Scranton August 7, 1864, and received a public- 
school education. In early boyhood he worked 
at unloading coal, running errands and doing 
odd jobs, after which he served an apprentice- 
ship to the carpenter's trade, working on passen- 
ger coaches and sleepers for the Delaware, Lack- 
awanna & Western Railroad. On the conclusion 
of his term as an apprentice he began work as a 
house carpenter, for which he possessed natural 
ability. Jn 1894 he came to Jessup and bought 
out a former partner of his brother, with whom 
he formed the present partnership. He mar- 
ried Annie Sprandle and they have had two 
children, one deceased, and Fred H. In local 
elections he is independent and casts his ballot 
for the man whom he considers best qualified to 
represent the people in the office, but in national 
elections he always votes the Democratic ticket. 
Fraternally he is identified with the Heptasophs. 

Henry J. Kunz was born in Scranton August 
26, 1866, and in youth learned the cigarmaker's 
trade, but it was not congenial, and he turned 
his attention to tinning, plumbing and roofing, 
in which he is an expert. Afterward he acquired 
a knowledge of the carpenter's trade, and after 
working at it in Scranton, came to Jessup and 
formed a partnership with Charles W. Swick, 
whom his brother bought out. After the death 
of his first wife, who was Anna Freehom, he 



married Nettie Wickham, and they had two 
children, Carl, deceased, and Raymond Henry 
\\'ilhani. In poHtics he adheres to no party, but 
is independent in his views. 

ROBERT VON STORCH. The von Storch 
family, wherever known, has always made 
a good record, its members being promi- 
nent in public life and of that liberal and pro- 
gressive spirit which leads them to interest them- 
selves in the general welfare of their communi- 
ty. They have rightly judged that only the spirit 
of selfishness will chain a man to his own affairs 
and that the best citizens are those who strive 
to secure the welfare of their fellowmen. Rob- 
ert von Storch possesses this family trait and in 
the city of Scranton is recognized as a useful 
citizen. During his active life he was a railroad 
man, but for some years he has lived retired, 
making his home in the residence which he erect- 
ed at No. 6i.? East Market Street. 

In Providence, Scranton, the subject of this 
sketch was born November i, 1844, the son of 
Ferdinand von Storch, of whom mention is made 
in the biography of C. S. von Storch on another 
page. Educated in the common schools, at the 
age of fifteen he became an employe of the Dela- 
ware & Hudson Company, and later was with 
the Delaware, Lackawanna & Western as brake- 
man. In 1863 he volunteered, in response to 
the emergency call, as a member of Company 
H, Thirtieth Pennsylvania Militia, and from 
Camp Curtis went on a forced march toward 
Gettysburg, but was mustered out at Harrisburg, 
with his company. A few months later he en- 
listed in the construction corps under Dr. Haw- 
ley and did service in Tennessee, returning home 
in June of 1S64, and resuming work with the 
Delaware & Hudson. In December of the same 
year he accompanied a construction corps to 
Goldsboro, Newbern and Raleigh, remaining in 
North Carolina until the close of the war, when 
he was honorably discharged in June, 1865. 

From the time of his return home until the 
spring of 1S67, Mr. von Storch was with the Del- 
aware & Hudson, after which he went to Colo- 
rado and was employed in a mine near Denver 

about one year. In Augi:st, 1869, he became a 
brakeman for the Delaware & Hudson Canal 
Company, between Scranton and Wilkesbarre. 
Afterward he was made fireman, and in 1870 
became an engineer between Carbondale and 
Plymouth, later having other runs. In 1887 he 
retired from the railroad, with the intention of 
devoting the remainder of his life to the manage- 
ment of his property and the enjoyment of home 
and friends. He was married in Scranton, Octo- 
ber 25, 1869, to Miss Belle Rogers, who was 
born in E.xeter, Luzerne County, Pa., but spent 
her girlhood years in Wyoming County. Her 
father. Nelson Rogers, a son of Alexander Rog- 
ers, of Maine, was born in that state, but re- 
moved to Exeter, Pa., thence to Wyoming Coun- 
ty, where he made his home on a farm until his 
death, at the age of almost seventy years. He 
married Jane Durland, the daughter of a family 
well known in Orange County, N. Y., and a lady 
of noble character, a devoted wife, and an affec- 
tionate mother, ministering to the wants of her 
large family. Of her eleven children all but one 
are living, and two reside in Scranton, Mrs. Rob- 
ert and Mrs. Godfrey von Storch. The former is 
the mother of three children, Alice, Madge and 

Fraternally Mr. von Storch retains member- 
ship in the Brotherhood of Locomotive En- 
gineers, and is a member of Hiram Lodge No. 
261, F. & A. M. In the work of the Methodist 
Episcopal Church he has maintained a warm in- 
terest, striving both by example and precept to 
promote the cause of Christianity. While he has 
never desired public office, he is well informed 
in politics and has always been a stanch Re- 


Township, a representative of a family 
of pioneers, possesses a more definite and 
reliable information of matters concerning the 
first settlement of this part of the county and 
of the events incident to that period, than any 
other person now living here. As a little girl, 
she listened to the tales of her grandfathers and 
grandmothers, and they made an indelible im- 



pression on her young mind. The stories of 
hardship, trial, transportation, perils from 
wolves, etc., are still fresh in her memory, and 
an accurate idea of the first settlement may be 
had by a conversation with her on the subject. 
She is a woman of more than ordinary intelli- 
gence, grew to womanhood in this vicmity, was 
educated and taught school here, and has al- 
ways made her home in this locality. At this 
writing she is now living on the old homestead, 
although for some years she was away from it. 

The grandfather of our subject, Daniel Wede- 
man, was a soldier in the Revolution and be- 
came an early settler of Providence, this coun- 
ty. A man of considerable ability, he had much 
to do with the formation of society and was 
largely instrumental in setting in motion the se- 
ries of events which culminated later in the for- 
mation of local government and social organiza- 
tion. With a general knowledge of the law, his 
advice was often sought in legal matters. For 
a man of his day and generation, he was e.x- 
ceptionally well educated and spoke seven dif- 
ferent languages, which enabled him to attend 
to the wants of all nationalities. 

Charles H. Wedeman, father of Mrs. de 
Witt, was born near Albany, N. Y., on the Hud- 
son, and came to this county in 1799 with his 
father, who was the first settler in the town of 
Providence. In Fell Township he engaged in 
farming and milling, owning a saw mill and hav- 
ing large lumber interests in this county. He 
was among the first to make use of coal here, 
taking it out of the side of the mountain for his 
own use and that of his neighbors as they slow- 
ly came and settled from various parts of the 
country. He died in 1865 at the age of seventy- 

The mother of our subject, Ruth, was a daugh- 
ter of Franklin B. Aylesworth and a granddaugh- 
ter of David Aylesworth. The latter was born 
in Verm.ont, removed to Rhode Island and 
thence came to this county. During the Revo- 
lution he served for seven years as a minute man 
and afterwards received a pension until his death. 
For a time he was a sailor, but spent much of 
his life on a farm. In 1798 he made settle- 
ment in Carbondale Township and brought his 

family here in 1804. Pie made three trips from 
Rhode Island on horseback, with no companion 
but his old Revolutionary musket. Plaving made 
a beginning here and started a clearing, he 
built a log cabin. February 4, 1804, he started 
with his family from Rhode Island, with two 
four-horse sleighs. Going over the route before, 
he had blazed the way, marking from time to 
time a tree, which served as a guide to the new 
country. There were no roads, traveling was 
slow and sometimes difficult, and frequently they 
were obliged to make their way with axe and 
muscle. Finally, via Wayne County, they 
reached their destination. David Aylesworth 
died near Carbondale in 1835. 

I^"ranklin B. Aylesworth, who was born in 
Rhode Island, made this trip, accompanied by 
his wife and two children, Ruth and Elizabeth 
(the former the mother of Mrs. Laura M. de 
Witt), and after reaching this county engaged in 
farming until his death, at sevent\'-eight years. 
Plis wife died when seventy-nine. Their grand- 
child, our subject, was born in Blakely Town- 
ship, July 15, 1844. By her former marriage to 
Stephen Williams, a farmer, our subject's moth- 
er had five children, of whom two are living, 
Joseph and Mrs. Mary Anderson. By his first 
marriage, our subject's father had three sons and 
one daughter, of whom two are living, Ebenezer, 
of Greenfield Township, and Solomon, of Car- 
bondale Township. Mary (Locke) Aylesworth, 
our subject's grandmother, was born in Glas- 
gow, Scotland, the daughter of a Scotch clergy- 
man, and came to this country in girlhood; she 
was one of the best informed women in this lo- 
cality and was remarkably active and intelligent. 

March 2y, 1872, Laura M. Aylesworth be- 
came the wife of Charles J. de Witt, a direct 
lineal descendant of French Huguenots who suf- 
fered persecution during the religious troubles 
in France. After her marriage she moved to 
Kingston, from there went to Pittston, and sub- 
sequently returned to the old homestead which 
her father gave her. Her two daughters are 
Bertha C, an accomplished young lady and suc- 
cessful teacher, and Blanche R. Mr. de Witt's 
great-grandfather, John, was premier in Hol- 
land, and came to America with seven of his 



sons, who settled mainly in Pennsylvania and New 
York. From tlieni have come the de Witts of 
the United Slates, many of whom have been 
persons uf distinction and interesting liistorical 
characters. Mr. de Witt was one of twelve chil- 
dren born to the nnion of John and Julia (Albert) 
de Witt, of whom seven are living, namely: Mrs. 
Huldah Jackson; Andrew; Ziba, living in New 
York; James, of Kingston; John, whose home 
is in Wilkesbarrc; Mary, of Scranton; and 
Charles J. 

It is said that when the Aylesworth family 
started on the long journey from Rhode Island 
to Pennsylvania, our subject's grandmother 
wanted to bring many things that would prove 
useful in a new country, but was prevented from 
doing so by her husband, who knew the difficul- 
ties in the way, and the necessity of having as 
little luggage and weight as possible. However, 
she smuggled in a looking glass, whicli is now 
in the possession of Mrs. de Witt, and is a valued 
relic. She also took some fiat irons, which for 
years were the only ones in the valley and were 
called into service far and near, whenever a dress 
or other garment was to be ironed. Mrs. de 
Witt remembers well riding with her father, 
when he got out of the wagon and picked for her 
some Hlies from a pond, situated where now 
stands the court house in Scranton. Of the 
changes that have since been wrought she has 
been an interested eye witness, and as a member 
of a pioneer family, justly holds a high place 
among th.e people of the township. 

HON. JOHN P. KELLY. The biographies 
of successful men who, without the influ- 
ence of wealth or the prestige of family, 
have attained to positions of usefulness and honor 
serve the two-fold purpose of encouraging the 
young and paying a well merited compliment to 
the man himself. Both as an attorney-at-law and 
public odicial, Mr. Kelly has met with flattering 
success, and by hard work and diligent effort 
has deservedly won the position he now holds 
among the citizens of Scranton. 

The subject of this sketch is the youngest of 
five children, one of whom, William, is president 

of the Casey & Kelly Brewing Company of Scran- 
ton. The parents, John and Ellen (Downey) 
Kelly, resided for a time in Dickson City, where 
the latter died. About 1850 the father came to 
Scranton and secured employment in the brick 
yards of the Lackawanna Iron & Coal Company, 
but later went to Olyphant, where he engaged in 
the manufacture of brick. At this writing he is 
proprietor of a hotel in Providence. John P. was 
born in Olyphant, January 30, 1862, accom- 
panied his parents from there to Dickson City 
and in 1873 came to Scranton, where he gradu- 
ated from the high school six years later. He 
began the study of law with A. H. Winton and 
J. B. Collings of Scranton, being admitted to the 
bar here in the spring of 1883. 

In the fall of the same year Mr. Kelly entered 
the oiifice of John F. Connelly, district attorney, 
as his assistant, which position he filled for three 
years. From that time until January i, 1888, he 
engaged in practice alone, since which he has 
been in partnership with Joseph O'Brien. In the 
fall of 1 888, on the Democratic ticket, he was 
nominated to represent the first district of Lacka- 
wanna County in the state legislature and was 
elected by three hundred majority, with the dis- 
tinction of being tlie only Democratic representa- 
tive from this district. Wliile in the house he 
served on the judiciary, general and election com- 
mittees, and rendered able service in behalf of his 
constituents. Among the bills he introduced was 
one providing an appropriation for the oral 
school for deaf mutes in Scranton; also one pro- 
viding, in cases of contested elections for any 
county or judicial ofifice, that the party receiving 
the highest number of votes on the face of the 
returns should receive commission and discharge 
the duties of the ofifice until such time as the con- 
test was decided. This bill became a law and 
has proved highly beneficial. 

On the Democratic ticket, Mr. Kelly was in 
1891 elected district attorney, which ofSce he 
filled until January, 1895. In 1894 he was again 
the candidate for the position, but in the general 
"landslide" of his party suffered defeat. While 
occupying this position, he convicted Frank 
Bezek, the first man who was convicted of murder 
in the degree in the county, but the board of 



pardons conimuted the sentence to life imprison- 
ment. At the end of his term of office he re- 
sumed practice, and has since been actively en- 
gaged in professional duties, having his office in 
Mears Building. He was married in this city to 
Miss Theresa E., daughter of the late D. B. 
Brainard, formerly proprietor of St. Charles 
Hotel. Two children have been born to the 
imion, Louise and Marion. 


AJ. EVERETT WARREN. This influ- 
ential citizen of Scranton traces his an- 
cestry to illustrious forefathers, who 
took an active part in the early history of our 
country. The family history in America can be 
traced back to 1659, when the name of Peter 
Warren appears on the town records of Boston 
as a mariner. The most famous man that the 
family has given to the nation was Gen. Joseph 
Warren, who was born in Roxbury, Mass., June 
II, 1741, and died in the battle of Bunker Hill, 
June 17, 1775. 

General Warren graduated from Harvard 
College in 1759, and the following year was ap- 
pointed master of the Roxbury school. He 
studied medicine with Dr. James Lloyd and 
began the practice of his profession in 1764. The 
passage of the stamp act the next year led him 
to publish several able articles in the "Boston Ga- 
zette." and brought him into prominence as one 
of the supporters of the American cause. He 
was chairman of the committee on safety, also 
served as president of the provincial congress 
that met at Watertown May 31, 1775, and thus 
became the chief executive officer of Massachu- 
setts under the provincial government. June 14 
he was chosen major-general of the Massachu- 
setts forces and three days later he was at Bunker 
Hill. It is said that both General Putnam and 
General Prescott successively signified their 
readiness to take orders from him, but he re- 
fused, and in the final struggle when he was en- 
deavoring to rally the militia, he v.'as struck in 
the head by a musket-ball and instantly killed. 

Isaac Warren, our subject's grandfather, who 
by collateral descent was a relative of Gen. Jo- 
seph Warren, was born at Long Meadow, Mass., 

and was enrolled for the War of 1812, but did 
not participate in any active engagement. A 
shoemaker by trade, he followed that occupa- 
tion at Bethany, near New Haven, Conn. In 
those days shoes were imifomily worn by men, 
and he originated the first calf skin boots ever 
manufactured; they at once became popular and 
he was kept constantly busy in filling orders. 
His last years were spent at Goshen, Conn., 
where he died at the age of about sixty-three. 

The marriage of Isaac Warren united him 
with Leonora Perkins, who was born in Bethany, 
Conn., of English descent. Her father, Israel 
Perkins, was a farmer of Connecticut and pos- 
sessed broad information on almost every subject, 
his advice being in consequence sought by the 
people of his neighborhood. He married Mili- 
cent Judd, a member of an old Connecticut fami- 
ly. She was an industrious woman, of noble 
Christian character and a member of the Episco- 
palian Church. Her death occurred, during the 
Civil War, at the age of ninety-eight. One of 
lier brothers was hid in a well for forty-eight 
hours, when the Tories came from Long Island 
to Connecticut, and in that way he escaped un- 
harmed. Later he became a brave fighter and 
received severe injuries while in skirmishes with 
the British. 

Mrs. Leonora Warren died in Scranton, at 
eighty-seven years. Of her seven children we 
note the following: Israel Perkins died in Port- 
land, having given his early years to the preach- 
ing of the Gospel and his latter days to the edit- 
ing of a religious newspaper; William Edwin, 
who began as a bookkeeper, was connected first 
with the New York & Erie road, then became 
secretary and treasurer of the Delaware, Lacka- 
wanna & Western, afterward was engaged by A. 
T. Stewart and other prominent men of New- 
York as an expert accountant, and finally died in 
New York, his home, however, being in New- 
burgh; Harriet is married and lives in New 
Haven; Isaac Watts, a contractor and builder, 
died in Binghamton; Harris Franklin, father of 
our subject, was next in order of birth; Cornelia 
Ann, Mrs. Edwin Ives, resides in Wilkesbarre; 
George Frederick, a soldier in a cavalry regi- 
ment during the war, later transferred as an aide 



on Grant's staff upon request of that general, is 
now a farmer and nurseryman in Harvard, Clay 
County, Neb. 

Born in Bethany, Conn., March 10, 1824, Har- 
ris Franklin Warren moved with a brother to 
Newburgh, N. Y., about 1838, and there for a 
year attended the high school. In 1843 ^c was 
employed as bookkeeper for a large wholesale 
establishment in Detroit, Mich. Three years 
later he married Mary Ann Stroud, a native of 
England, and an adopted daughter of his em- 
ployer, Reuben Towne. In 1848 he left the em- 
ploy of Mr. Towne and engaged as bookkeeper 
for the wholesale mercantile house of Zach 
Chandler & Co., of which he became the junior 
partner in 1850. His wife having meantime died 
of cholera, in 1850 he married Miss Marion Mar- 
gery Griffin, who was born near Utica, N. Y., a 
lineal descendant of Nathaniel Griffin, who was 
given a farm near Utica as remuneration for 
services in the Revolution. The deed for this 
property was signed by Washington and is still 
in possession of the family. 

The climate resulting in ague and other com- 
plications injurious to his health, Harris F. War- 
ren accepted a position in Scranton as book- 
keeper for the Delaware, Lackawanna & West- 
ern car and machine shops. For almost ten years 
he was in poor health, but finally regained his 
strength and is now hale and hearty. Since the 
spring of 1854 he has been engaged in business 
in this city, but since 1890 he has resided at his 
country home in Dalton. During the war he re- 
sponded to the draft, but was rejected by the 
medical examiner. Politically he is a stanch Re- 
publican. He and his wife are the parents of 
three living children, namely: Josephine, Mrs. 
W. C. Bartlett, of Philadelphia; Annie Leaven- 
worth, wife of F. P. Price, a merchant of Scran- 
ton; and Everett, of this sketch. 

In Scranton, to which city his father had re- 
moved some years previous, our subject was 
born August 27, 1859. He received his early 
education in the public schools, and in order to 
prepare himself for admission into college, he 
studied Latin and Greek in Merrill's academic 
school, paying for his tuition with his earnings 
as a carrier boy for the "Scranton Republican" 

and subsequently for the "Scranton Times." Af- 
terward he was employed as clerk and office boy 
in the law office of A. H. Winton, later was with 
Hand & Post, and paid over three-fourths of his 
modest salary to Frank Bentley, who tutored 
him for Yale during evenings. Entering the 
University in 1877, he soon distinguished him- 
self in his literary and forensic studies and gradu- 
ated in 1 88 1, with the degree of A. B. 

Admitted to the bar in 1882, Mr. Warren form- 
ed a partnership with Hon. E. N. Willard under 
the firm name of Willard & Warren, to which in 
1892 Judge H. A. Knapp was admitted as a third 
member. Mr. Willard having been appointed 
by Governor Hastings one of the new superior 
court judges in June, 1895, Major Warren be- 
came the head of the firm of Warren & Knapp, 
undoubtedly the leading law firm in his section 
of the state. In 1881 he enlisted as a private in 
Company A of the crack Thirteenth Regiment, 
Pennsylvania National Guard, under Capt. (after- 
ward Lieut.-Gov.) Louis A. Watres. After three 
years of service in the ranks, he became sergeant- 
major, later adjutant, and finally judge advocate 
of the third brigade, with the rank of major on 
Gen. J. P. S. Gobin's staff. After a continuous 
ser\dce of more than ten years, he resigned as 
judge advocate in 1891, and withdrew from the 
Guard. The pressure of professional duties 
caused him to refuse the commission of colonel 
on Governor Hastings' staff, also that of judge 
advocate on Major-General Snowden's staff, with 
the rank of lieutenant-colonel. 

When in 1887, in the old Chickering Hall in 
New York, there assembled the first convention 
of the newly organized National League of Re- 
publican Clubs, Major Warren was present as a 
delegate from the Central Republican Club of 
Scranton, together with Hon. Louis A. Watres, 
and in the subsequent election of national offi- 
cers, was the unanimous choice of the Pennsyl- 
vania delegation for treasurer. In April of the 
following year, when the State League was or- 
ganized at Lancaster by the election of Hon. 
Edwin S. Stuart of Philadelphia as president, 
Major Warren was chosen the first of three vice- 
presidents. In 1894 he was elected president by 
acclamation, and re-elected at York in 1895, '"S" 



_ ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^B^K 

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\V1 1.1,1AM H. RICHMOND. 



tiring in 1896. He participated in the guberna- 
torial campaign following, actively in person and 
through the League organization. He is a mem- 
ber of the advisory committee of the National 
Republican League. 

Fraternally Major Warren is connected with 
Peter Williamson Lodge, F. & A. M., Lacka- 
wanna Chapter, R. A. M., and Melita Com- 
mandery No. 68, K. T. In Scranton, May 31, 
1883, he married Miss Ellen H., daughter of Hon. 
E. N. Willard, and they have three children, 
Marion Margery, Dorothy J. and Edward Wil- 
lard. In politics a Republican, he has been secre- 
tary of the county committee, chairman of the 
city committee, and member of advisory com- 
mittee of state committee. In 1896, at the state 
convention in Harrisburg, he was nominated 
presidential elector of the eleventh congressional 
district. In religious belief he is identified with 
St. Luke's Episcopal Church, in which he is ves- 
tryman. He is attorney for a number of impor- 
tant organizations, including the Delaware, 
Lackawanna & Western; New Jersey Central; 
Lehigh A''alley; Erie, and Erie & Wyoming Val- 
ley Railroads, Scranton Traction Company, 
Lackawanna Iron & Steel Company, Pennsyl- 
vania Coal Company, and others. 

Hill Coal & Iron Company, of which 
Mr. Richmond is president and treas- 
urer, was incorporated in 1863 and has since be- 
come one of the most important industries of the 
kind in Lackawanna County, operating two col- 
lieries, with a capacity for shipment of four to five 
hundred thousand tons per annum. Richmond 
Colliery No. 3 is situated at Dickson City, near 
Scranton, and turns out superior anthracite coal 
of every size. Richmond Colliery No. 4, about 
five miles above Carbondale, was built in 1893, 
when a shaft was sunk to two veins of coal at 
a depth of two hundred and two hundred and 
twenty feet below the surface, over which was 
erected a steel tower, fifty-two feet square at the 
base, and one hundred and eighty-seven feet in 
height. At a height of one hundred and forty- 
nine feet, as the coal is raised from the mine, it 

is discharged from the mine car and gravitates 
down a steel chute, two hundred and sixteen feet, 
to the breaker, which is a hundred feet high, and 
then sixty feet to the main crushing rolls. There 
is a distance of two hundred feet between the 
shaft and breaker, in order to comply with the 
mine law of the state for the safety of workmen. 
The culm and wastes of the colliery are taken 
away by a pressure blower and through an iron 
pipe ten inches in diameter. Shipments are made 
over the Richmondale branch of the New York, 
Ontario & Western road to the points of de- 

The president and manager of the Elk Hill 
Coal & Iron Company, to whom its success is 
largely due, is of New England birth, born in 
Marlborough, Hartford County, Conn., October 
23, 1 82 1. His father, William Wadsworth Rich- 
mond, was a native of Chatham, East Hampton 
Society, Conn., and for some time was a black- 
smith and foundryman at Marlborough, where 
he settled in 1820. In addition, he also engaged 
in farming. He died in that place May 31, 1843, 
at the age of forty-six years. His father. Dr. 
John Richmond, was born in West Brookfield, 
Mass., and in 1795 commenced the practice of 
his profession at Chatham, East Hampton So- 
ciety, Conn., continuing there until his death in 
1821. Many students gained their first knowl- 
edge of medicine in his office and his son-in-law. 
Dr. Smith, succeeded to his practice. The mother 
of our subject, Clarissa Bailey, was born in 
Chatham, April 19, 1800, and died at Marlbor- 
ough, October 26, 1834. Of her five children the 
two eldest are living, William II. and Harriet 
Kingsbury, widow of the late George W. Cheney, 
of South Manchester, Conn. She was a daughter 
of Joshua Bailey, Jr., and Ruth Sears, the latter 
a daughter of Elkanah Sears, of the Sears geneal- 

In boyhood the subject of this sketch received 
such educational advantages as the schools of 
his native towns afforded. These were usually 
in charge of luen who had been educated in Ba- 
con Academy. For a time he attended a select 
school taught by the late Israel M. Bucking- 
ham, brother of a former governor of Connecti- 
cut. At the age of thirteen he left school and 



began to earn his livelihood. For three years 
he was employed by a merchant at Middle Had- 
dani, Conn., but after the panic of 1837 returned 
home and worked on the farm and in shops near 
by. In May, 1842, he became a clerk in the store 
of R. H. More, of Honesdalc, Pa., where he re- 
mained for three years. In 1845 he began the 
mercantile business at Carbondale, Pa., under 
the firm name of Richmond & Robinson, becom- 
ing the sole owner in 1853, and for ten years he 
also manufactured sash, doors, blinds, coal cars, 

In January, i860, Mr. Richmond commenced 
mining anthracite coal near Scranton under the 
firm name of* Richmond & Co., having for part- 
ner Charles P. Wurts, late general superintend- 
ent of the Delaware & Hudson Canal Company. 
In 1863 the business was transferred to the Elk 
Hill Coal & Iron Company, with Mr. Wurts pres- 
ident, Mr. Richmond treasurer and manager. 
The following year, however, he became the 
owner of the principal part of the stock, and is 
now president, treasurer and manager. Con- 
nected with tlie business there are two stores. 
Mr. Richmond has bought goods continuously 
of the firm of Stone & Starr of New York and 
successors since 1845, and of the late firm of E. 
S. Jafifrey & Co., from 1850 until they went out 
of business in 1865. 

Until recent years Mr. Richmond voted the 
RepuI'lican ticket and he is still in sympathy 
with the party regarding tariff and coinage, but 
the enormity of the liquor traffic and its accom- 
panying evils caused him to ally himself with the 
Prohibitionists. Since 1842 he has been identi- 
fied with the Presbyterian Church and is a lib- 
eral contributor to religious enterprises. During 
the war he was unable to enter active service, but 
aided the Union cause by means of a substitute. 
By his v.ife, formerly Lois R. Morss, he is the 
father of three living children, and two are de- 
ceased. The three daughters, Mary Roxana, 
Emeline K., and Clara M., received classical ed- 
ucations at Vassar College, from which the eldest 
graduated in the class of 1876. She is the wife 
of Frederick K. Tracy, formerly from Mansfield, 
Ohio, an attorney by profession, but now giving 
his time principally to the Elk Hill Coal & Iron 

Company, of which he is vice-president. ]\Ir. and 
Mrs. Tracy and their five children reside with 
Mr. Richmond. The family is one of the most 
prominent in the city and its members are wel- 
comed guests in the best society of the place. 

engaged in the livery and boarding stable 
business at Scranton, was born in Abing- 
ton Township, Lackawanna County, August 3, 
1873, and is a son of George and Emma (Sher- 
man) von Storch, natives respectively of Provi- 
dence and Scott Township, this county. His 
grandfather, Ferdinand, was the oldest son of 
Henry L. C. von Storch, and was a farmer, own- 
ing that part of the old homestead which the 
Electric City Land & Improvement Company 
has since developed. There the most of his life 
was passed and there he closed his eyes in death. 
He and his wife reared a large family, number- 
ing eleven children, of whom George, choosing 
the occupation of an agriculturist, settled upon 
a farm in Abington Township and there remained 
luitil his death in 1874. 

The maternal grandfather of our subject, Ja- 
cob Sherman, was an old settler of the county 
and a well known farmer of Scott Township. 
His daughter, Emma, after the death of her hus- 
band, took her children to Scott Township, where 
she reared them, caring for them until her death 
ill 1883. Of the three children, two are living, 
Mrs. Delia Newton of Scott Township and Fred- 
erick George of this sketch. The last named 
spent his boyhood years principally in Scott 
Township, and until the age of thirteen attended 
the public schools there, but at that time went 
to Peckville to make his home with his guard- 
ian. Dr. T. B. Sickler. During the two years 
spent there, he was a pupil in the schools of 
the place. Returning to Scott Township, he 
spent a year there, and then in 1889 came to 
Scranton and attended Wood's Business College. 
His first position here was in charge of the 
breakers of the West Ridge Coal Company, after 
which he engaged in teaming. 

In May, 1895, Mr. von Storch purchased the 
livery business of C. L. Smith at No. 221 Oak- 



ford Court, where he has a three-story and base- 
ment building, 40x60, and carries on a general 
livery business. In the basement he has the feed 
and sale stables, t\venty-six in number, while on 
the first and second floors are carriages, cabs 
and coupes, and on the third the sleighs. In 
politics he is strongly Republican and endorses 
the views of his party conscientiously, believing 
that they are the principles which constitute the 
well-being and safety of the country. He cheer- 
fully performs all the duties of a good citizen, 
and takes an active interest in all matters per- 
taining to the welfare of his community. A 
promising citizen, he has obtained a good start 
in life financially and by his business integrity 
has gained the confidence of his acquaintances. 


ICHAEL FLANNELLY resides in Fell 
Township, three and one-half miles from 
Carbondale, where, in partnership with 
his brother John, he owns a valuable property 
and is engaged in selling milk and ice. Their 
place is excellently adapted for the business and 
they have so improved the natural resources as 
to be able to secure an abundant quantity of fine 
ice at a mininuun of expense. They are known 
throughout the township as energetic, industri- 
ous men, who merit success by their honest en- 

The founder of th.e family in America was 
John Flannelly, our subject's father, who was 
born in County Mayo, Ireland, but emigrated 
to the United States and became one of the pio- 
neers of Carbondale, assisting in the early devel- 
opment of that place. During most of his life 
he was employed about the mines, at outside 
work. Though he worked hard, he never be- 
came well-to-do, and was not able to give his 
children the advantages he desired for them. He 
died here at the age of sixty-five years. His 
wife, who is still living, bore the maiden name 
of Mary McChale, and was born in County 
Mayo, Ireland. Of their nine children, seven 
are living, namely: Michael, Bridget, John, 
Patrick, Maria, Matthew and Jennie, all resi- 
dents of this county. 

The eldest of the family, our subject, was born 

in Carbondale, March 20, 1859, and in early 
childhood attended the common schools. How- 
ever, his advantages were few, as at the age of 
ten years he began to work, securing employ- 
ment as slate picker in a coal breaker. Later 
he became a miner and followed this occupa- 
tion for a number of years, making and saving 
money. It was not a congenial occupation and 
he finally decided to abandon it. He did so and 
rented the place in Fell Township that he now 
owns. After three years he bought the property 
and has since utilized its one hundred and sixty 
acres to such good advantage that he secures 
from it a good income. In 1892 he embarked 
in the ice business and has since established a 
good trade, putting up from twenty-five hun- 
dred to three thousand tons per annum. 

The marriage of Mr. Flannelly united him 
with Miss Annie Howard, of Fell Township, and 
they are parents of a son, John. While some- 
what independent in his political views, Mr. Flan- 
nelly inclines toward the principles of the De- 
mocracy. In religious belief he is a Catholic and 
is actively connected with the Catholic Knights. 
His accumulations are attributable to his energy 
and good judgment, and he and his brother are 
held in high esteem as reliable, trustworthy men. 

PATRICK McGARRY, a farmer of Fell 
Township, has lived in this county for 
forty-seven years and came from County 
Roscommon, Ireland. The exact date of his emi- 
gration is somewhat in doubt. He was born 
March 20, 1830, and in boyhood had very limited 
advantages; in fact, it may be truthfully said that 
his youth was barren of advantages. In the hard 
school of experience he learned many a lesson 
more valuable, perhaps, than those taught by 
text books, and his character was developed by 
the very obstacles he encountered. A voyage of 
three weeks on a sailing vessel brought him to 
New York City, where he secured employment as 
watchman for a ship company. ^ 

On coming to Carbondale, Mr. McGarry 
worked at peeling bark in a tannery, and as he 
was industrious and thrifty, he saved the most 
of his earnings. With a homesick longing to see 



old Ireland once more, he returned on a visit, 
Thomas Trott being captain of the boat that took 
him thither, and the ship was wrecked up the 
Thames. Tlie visit was made, but the attractions 
of the Emerald Isle were not so great as he had 
anticipated. When the illusion of imagination 
was removed, he found that he had no desire to 
continue his residence there, so he willingly re- 
turned to his adopted countrj', feeling it was the 
place for his permanent home. For a time he 
engaged in mining, but subsequently bought a 
farm in Fell Township and here he has since re- 
sided, keeping just enough stock about him to 
serve his own needs, and passing his declining 
years in peace and comfort. 

By his marriage to IWary Kennedy, a native of 
Ireland, jMr.McGan-y has four children: Michael, 
who is with his father; Timothy and Patrick, of 
Carbondale; and Margaret, wife of H. J. Bren- 
nan. The home farm consists of one hundred and 
thirty-five acres and in addition to this, Mr. Mc- 
Garrj' owns seventy-eight acres in another place. 
Of independent views politically, he believes in 
the best men for places of trust, and uses his own 
judgment when he comes to exercise the right of 
suffrage, refusing to ally himself with any party. 
He has witnessed the growth of this part of the 
county and contributed his share toward putting 
in motion the series of events which have made 
this a goodly land. Justly he ranks high among 
the Irish-American farmers of the township. 

JOHN SZLUPAS, M. D. In every line of 
activity Scranton has had its representatives. 
There is no city in the state that, in propor- 
tion to its population, has a larger number of 
talented, successful young men than it has, and 
among this class may be mentioned Dr. Szlupas, 
a practicing physician and surgeon, with office at 
No. 421 Penn Avenue, also a registered phar- 
macist and proprietor of a drug store opened by 
himself. While here he is known chiefly in a 
professional way, in other places he is perhaps 
better known as president of the Lithuanian 
Society of Science in the United States, he and 
his wife being at the head of that organization in 

In the historic country of Lithuania, now a 
province of Russia, Dr. Szlupas was born in 1861, 
being a son of Rochus Szlupas, a farmer there. 
He was, in order of birth, the second among three 
sons, his brothers being Stanley and Rochus 
Szlupas, M. D., both of whom reside in Lithuania. 
John was educated in a German gymnasium and 
in the University of Moscow, where he studied 
natural science. Having heard much concerning 
the favorable opening offered by the United 
States, he resolved to seek a home here, and ac- 
cordingly, in 1884, crossed the ocean, landing in 
New York without means or friends. For one 
season he worked for a farmer in Orange County, 
after which, having become acquainted with the 
customs of the people and their methods of con- 
ducting business, he was able to cope with others 
in the field of intellect and thought. Going to 
New York, he began the publication of "The 
Balsas," which he continued until 1889 and 
whicli was given a warm welcome by the people 
of his native land in this country. In 1889 he 
entered the medical department of the University 
of Maryland at Baltimore, from which he gradu- 
ated two years later, with the degree of M. D. 

After practicing his profession !n Baltimore for 
a year and taking a post-graduate course, in 1892 
the Doctor opened an office in Shenandoah, Pa., 
but after two years came to Scranton, where he 
has since carried on a general practice, making, 
hov\ever, a specialty of gynecology. In 1893-94 
he was a student in the medical department of 
the Western University of Pennsylvania, where 
he perfected himself in the study of gynecology, 
thus preparing himself for the successful treat- 
ment of the most intricate cases. As a physician 
he is accurate, painstaking and skillful, and his 
thorough theoretical knowledge of the science 
lias fitted him for success in its practice. 

Not alone as a physician is Dr. Szlupas worthy 
of mention. He is a man of intellectual acumen, 
with broad classical learning, and has both writ- 
ten and lectured e.x.tensively in his own language. 
He has been interested in the publication of 
"Nauja Gadyne" ("New Era"), devoted to the dis- 
cussion of political, scientific and economic ques- 
tions. This paper has been published in Shenan- 
doah, with the exception of two years, 1894-96, 



when the office was in Scranton. In addition to 
it, he has written for the "Truth Seeker" of New 
York, for various newspapers and for scientific 
and medical journals, and is the author of a num- 
ber of political and religious works. Especially 
has he been interested in promoting the welfare 
of the working classes, and there is no subject 
upon which his utterances are more eloquent or 
his pen more facile, than upon this. Among the 
people of his own nationality he is very influen- 
tial, and at this writing holds the position of presi- 
dent of the Lithuanian Society of Science in the 
United States. 

In New York Dr. Szlupas married Miss Louisa 
Malinowski, who was born in Lithuania, re- 
ceived a classical education in Baltimore, gradu- 
ated from the Woman's Medical College of that 
city, and is a highly accomplished lady, having 
written novels and poems and delivered many 
public lectures in the Lithuanian language. 
Three children, Aldona, Kynstutis and Hypatia, 
complete the family circle, and reside with their 
parents at No. 917 Capouse Avenue. 

numbers of foreigners come from Euro- 
pean countries to make for themselves 
homes in the United States and here pursue the 
occupations they learned in their native land. Of 
our foreign-born citizens, none have proved 
themselves more worthy of American citizenship 
than the Dane, honest, thrifty and energetic. To 
this class belongs the subject of our sketch, who 
is a successful market gardener and stockraiser 
residing in the northeastern part of Greenfield 
Township. At present he resides on a rented 
farm, the lease for which has not expired, but 
it is his intention to shortly remove to an adjoin- 
ing place, which he has purchased and now rents 
to other parties. 

Born in Copenhagen, Denmark, February 23, 
1842, Mr. Halkyer grew to manhood in his na- 
tive city and gained a fair education there. Com- 
ing to the United States in 1873, he settled in 
this county and worked in the employ of J. Riden- 
burg, but made his home at Dundafif, Susquehan- 
na County, just over the line. About 1884 he 

began to work for himself, turning his attention 
to market gardening, with which he was familiar 
and in which previous experience has enabled him 
to make a success. Saving his money, he bought 
a place and is now in a position where he may 
enjoy life, without fear of future poverty. His 
prosperity is due to his own energetic efTorts, 
though he was assisted somewhat by his share 
of the estate in Denmark, which, on his father's 
death in 1S54, was sold for $14,000. 

By his marriage to Maria M. Carlson, Mr. 
Halkyer has nine children, namely: Christian L., 
who died at the age of thirteen and one-half years; 
John, residing in Carbondale; Fred, deceased; 
Carl, Harry, Martha Louise, Owen, Frederick 
and Lois, who have been given excellent ad- 
vantages and are well informed and intelligent. 
Mr. Halkyer is connected with the Farmers Alli- 
ance and takes an interest in everv'thing pertain- 
ing tc his occupation. As a market gardener his 
specialtv is the raising of cabbage, in which he 
lias been very successful; as a stockraiser, he 
is especially interested in horses and pigs, and 
also has met with success in the raising of poul- 
try. In the old country he was identified with 
the Lutheran Church, but there is no church of 
that denomination here, so he is deprived of the 
religious privileges he prefers. Politically he 
favors Republican principles. As a citizen he is 
law-abiding, sober and industrious, attending 
strictly to his own affairs, and since coming here 
has been regarded as one of the best Danish-born 
citizens of the county. 

owner and manager of the Crystal Lake 
Ice Company and one of the influential 
young business men of Carbondale, was born in 
this city October 28, 1870, a son of William J. 
and Ann McDonough. Reared to manhood in 
this place, he had but very meagre opportunities 
for acquiring an education, for he was obliged to 
begin work in boyhood and the stern necessity of 
supporting himself precluded either the advant- 
ages or the enjoyments that fall to the lot of 
most boys. 

In youth Mr. McDonough learned the trade of 



a carpenter, and tliis he followed for twelve years, 
being- for three years of that time in the employ of 
others, after which he took contracts for himself. 
Active and industrious, people soon learned that 
his work was to be relied upon and that he was 
scrupulously honest in every transaction. Mean- 
time, while working in this way, he devoted his 
evenings to study in night schools and to the 
reading of good literature that would develop 
his mental faculties. Observation and experi- 
ence also added to his fund of knowledge, so that 
to-day he is a well informed man, not only in 
business affairs, but in topics of current interest. 
The Crystal Lake Ice Comi)any had been es- 
tablished some years when Mr. ]\IcDonough 
purchased the plant in 1891. He has since in- 
creased the output from one thousand to five 
thousand tons per annum, and carries on a large 
trade, both wholesale and retail. The business is 
on a solid financial footing, and employment is 
furnished to a number of men. Whatever suc- 
cess the future years may bring to Mr. Mc- 
Donough, certainly they will be merited, for he 
has been a hard-working man, honest and en- 
terprising. From the days when he picked slate 
in the coal breaker and drove a mule in the 
mines, to the present time, when he is the head 
of an iniportant business, he has been persever- 
ing and determined in his efforts, never allowing 
trouble or obstacles to discourage him. 


EORGE A. HERBERT, secretary of the 
Electric Light, Heat & Power Com- 
pany of Carbondale, was hnrw in this 
city November 2, 1849. He is a son of Joseph 
W. Herbert, who came to America from Wales 
in 1848 and followed the occupation of a miner 
in Carbondale for some time. Born in 1824, he 
is now seventy-two years of age. His first wife 
was Elizabeth Tovey, a native of England, who 
accompanied him to the United States and died 
in Carbondale in 1861, at the age of forty years. 
She was the mother of four sons and one daugh- 
ter, all of whom are living. They are John, a 
resident of Chicago, 111.; George A., and Josepli 
E., of Carbondale; James T., whose home is in 
St. Louis, Mo.; and Sarah, the wife of P. J. 
Devers, of this state. 

When a boy, our subject gained his education 
in the public schools and assisted his father in 
his business for several years, afterward spending 
some years in the mines. His first steady posi- 
tion was in 1869, when he became clerk in a 
general store. He thus became familiar with the 
best methods of conducting business, and in 
1873 commenced for himself, entering into part- 
nership with Irving Davis and conducting a gen- 
eral store in Main Street, Carbondale. In 1884, 
owing to sickness, he severed connections with 
the store and did not again engage in business. 
In 1894 he was chosen secretar}' of the Electric 
Light, Heat & Power Company, which position 
lie still holds. 

In 1896 Mr. Herbert married Airs. Rose (Trol- 
lis) Rosser, widow of William Rosser, of this city. 
Politically he is a Republican, but believes in 
voting for the man best suited to the office. For 
two years he has served as a member of the city 

siderable interest attaches to the history 
of the early settlement of Lackawanna 
County and to the record of the lives of the 
pioneers. The thrilling scenes through which 
they passed in the settlement of this portion of 
the state must ever awaken emotions of the 
warmest regard for them. To pave the way for 
those who followed, they stemmed the flood-tide 
of civilization, and to their descendants they left 
a heritage whose real value can scarcely be esti- 

"Life with them is o'er, their labors all are done. 
And others reap the harvest that they won." 

Among the most prominent of the pioneers of 
Scranton was Heinrich Ludvig Christopher von 
Slorch, the founder of the family in America. 
He witnessed many remarkable changes after his 
arrival in this state. Then, even the primitive 
stage coach had not come into conunon use, and 
the traveler was obliged to pursue his way either 
horseback or on foot over prairies and through 
forests, where now rushes the locomotive on its 
iron rails through populous cities. From the be- 



ginning he identified himself with the interests of 
the county, feehng that his personal welfare must, 
as a matter of course, be intimately connected 
with the interests of his community, and he aided 
by every means in his power the progress of the 

The father of our subject, Dr. Christian Theo- 
docius von Storch, pastor at Lohman, Mechlen- 
burg, was a son of Dr. John Gustav von Storch, 
grand duke of Mechlenburg-Schwerin, and coun- 
cillor and burgomaster of Guestrow, the largest 
city of Mechlenburg. They were descended from 
Jan Persson von Storch, a native of Sweden, who 
was knighted and made a nobleman for services 
in driving the Danes out of Sweden, having de- 
feated them at different places. Afterward he 
was given a castle at Salis, Germany, where he 
established the von Storch family. 

Records as to the birth and emigration to 
America of Heinrich von Storch conflict some- 
what. We have it that he was born May 16, 
1772, and came to America in 1790, but a paper 
written probably by himself or G. N. Lutyen, with 
whom he crossed the ocean, was discovered re- 
cently, yellow by age, and it contains the follow- 
ing: "Henry Ludvig Christopher von Storch 
was born in Lohman, Mechlenburg-Schwerin, 
April 29, 1770. He resided at home until his 
father died in 1784. Then he resided with an 
uncle for one year, then to Hamburg, where he 
remained one year and four months, then be- 
came a clerk in the store of Anton Weaver of 
Atona for eight years, when he went back to his 
native place and bid his relatives a long adieu, 
and set sail for America in the year One Thou- 
sand Seven Hundred and Ninety-four, with the 
family of G. N. Lutyen." It may be accepted as 
very probable that the dates contained in the 
paper are correct. 

Landing in Philadelphia, Messrs. von Storch 
and Lutyen engaged in the fur trade there, and 
got together a shipload of furs, which they con- 
signed to Europe. The cargo, in which they had 
invested their all, was never afterward heard of, so 
that they found themselves short of cash to con- 
tinue business in that line. They then came to 
Lackawanna County and settled at Blakely, but 
after a year Mr. von Storch went to Philadelphia, 

where, being able to converse in both the English 
and German languages, he secured an excellent 
clerkship ?Iowever, he returned to Lackawanna 
and located three hundred acres of land here, 
comprising the old von Storch farm in Provi- 
dence. In clearing the place he injured his back, 
so that manual labor was temporarily impossible. 
He then returned to Philadelphia, where he 
clerked in a wholesale store, and at the end of his 
time they insisted upon him remaining, doubling 
his salary as an incentive. At the close of the 
second engagement he started back tO' Lacka- 
wanna Valley, taking a pack of goods which he 
sold on the way, closing them out before he 
reached Scranton. He reached the city just in 
time to save the title to his land, which he had to 
buy in again. The date of his permanent location 
on the farm was about 1809, as we learn from his 
only surviving son, William. 

When he bought the land, Mr. von Storch was 
aware that it contained deposits of coal, for he 
had seen it cropping out on the banks of the 
Lackawanna River. He was familiar with stone 
coal (as it was called) and knew how to burn it. 
Subsequently he mined the first coal ever taken 
out here. He was also the first to burn coal in 
the valley, and it is said that his neighbors were 
so skeptical regarding it that they were afraid to 
sit near his grate fire. At one time he took coal 
on horseback, in a bag, to Philadelphia, and by 
showing people there how to burn it tried to cre- 
ate an interest in it, but other fuel was so plentiful 
that he had little success. In addition to improv- 
ing the farm, he sold goods, first on foot, then 
horseback. He built his first dwelling, a log 
house, at a site that is now the southeast side of 
North Main Avenue. When the country was bet- 
ter settled he built a frame store by the side of his 
log house, and carried on a general trade, this 
being probably the first store in Providence. 
There he did business and cultivated his farm 
until his death, April 10, 1826. The gravestone, 
which marks his resting place in the von Storch 
biu-ying ground, states that he was fifty-five 
years, eleven months and eleven days old. 

March 3, 1810, Mr. von Storch married Han- 
nah Searle, who was born near Stonington, 
Conn., July 9, 1782. Her father, who was Wil- 



liam Searle, and her mother, who had been a 
Miss Hewitt, moved from Connecticut to the 
Wyoming \'alley at Wilkesbarre, oefore the In- 
dian war. On the outbreak of the Indian 
troubles tliey fled back to Connecticut and lived 
there a few years until peace was restored, when 
they again went to Wilkesbarre. They traveled 
by ox team, the trip requiring six weeks. The 
first time they came to Pennsylvania Hannah 
was an infant, and at the time of their second 
removal she was nine years old. Educated by 
her parents, she became a very intellectual 
woman, and after the death of her husband she, 
with her oldest son, carried on the business. In 
legal matters she was well informed, and drew 
up many deeds for early settlers. She was also 
well posted in local jiistory and imparted to his- 
torians much valuable information, for which she 
never received due acknowledgment. She died 
May 14, 1862, aged seventy-nine years, ten 
months and five days. She had a brother. Judge 
Corring^on Searle, a civil engineer and surveyor, 
who surveyed the state of Ohio into counties and 
townships, and later in life was chief justice of 
the supreme court of Ohio; he resided at Zanes- 
ville, that state. 

Mr. and Mrs. von Storch had seven sons and 
one daughter, but the latter died young. Of tlie 
sons we note the following: Ferdinand died 
November 2, 1868; Theodore died May 30, 
18S6; Leopold passed away in Lackawanna 
County November 4, 1882; Ludvig died, child- 
less, April 12, 1886; William is the only 
surviving member of the family; Godfrey died in 
Scranton December 3, 1887; Justus died here 
October 28, 1890. 

SAMUEL SYKES. Throughout the most 
of the period from 1861 until his death, 
September 5, 1894, Mr. Sykes was identi- 
fied with the history of Scranton as one of its pro- 
gressive business men. In all his enterprises he 
displayed an industry, as well as an understand- 
ing of llie future of the place, that made him a 
strong and prominent factor in the welfare of 
the locality, and his faith in thr future of his city 
and county enabled him to aid much in their de- 

velopment. His standing as a business, man was 
always of a high order. Indeed from conversa- 
tions with the people among whom he resided so 
long, the evidence is strong that he commanded 
in a degree second to none the confidence and 
respect of the entire people. His record was one 
upon whicli no shadow of a stain ever fell. 

Marlcy, Yorkshire, England, was the place of 
tlie birth of Samuel Sykes, and August 30, 1846, 
the date thereof. He was next to the eldest of 
nine children in the family of Joseph and Pris- 
cilla (Kidd) Sykes, and was reared and educated 
in England, where in youth he was employed in 
woolen mills. At the age of eighteen he came 
to America, and at first followed the mason's 
trade in Philadelphia. In 1861 he came to Scran- 
ton and acted as foreman for his brother in the 
building of .St. Luke's Episcopal Church and a 
number of residences. Later he was foreman 
for J. H. Hawk, of Danville, Montour County. 
Returning to Scranton in 1874, he began as a 
contractor, having a shop at the entrance of For- 
est Hill. After ten years or more he formed a 
partnersliip with Patrick Muldoon under the 
firm name of Sykes & Muldoon, carrying on 
business in the same place, but on a larger scale 
than before. A specialty was made of flagging 
and cut stone, the firm furnisliing the stone for 
some of the most substantial buildings in the 
city. The connection was dissolved in 1886, after 
which he continued alone until 1893, and then 
his two sons, John Kidd and Harry R., were 
taken into partnership, the title becoming S. 
Sykes & Sons and continuing so until the death 
of the senior member. He started a stone yard 
in North Washington Avenue, where he sup- 
plied the trade and filled contracts for all kinds 
of stone. 

The death of Mr. Sykes was widely mourned. 
By business men it was regarded as a common 
loss, for he had ever been active in promoting 
the commercial interests of the place. Citizens 
of every class united in bearing testimony to his 
worth. He had been prominent in Union Lodge 
and was buried, in Forest Hill cemetery, with 
Masonic honors. Death came to him in the 
prime of manhood, at a time when, having ac- 
cumulated a competency, he might have antici- 



^^/, /^VS-/ (("^e^i^^J 



patfd many years of quiet enjoyment, free from 
the fatiguing cares of business. For some vears 
he had been a vestryman in the Church of the 
Good Sheplierd, and his hand was ever ready to 
aid religious enterprises. Fraternally he was 
identified with the Masons, Foresters and Sons 
of St. George. 

The marriage of Mr. Sykes to Miss Josephine 
Hirschman was solemnized in St. Luke's Church, 
Scranton. March 25, 1869. Mrs. Sykes and Mrs. 
Benjamin Lewis were the only children of John 
and Amy (Dailey) Hirschman, natives respect- 
ively of Frankfort-on-the-Main, Germany, and 
Connecticut. Mr. Hirschman, on coming to the 
Lhiited States, was employed at Blairstown. N. 
]., by the Iron & Steel Ci)mpan\', and later was 
with them at .Scranton, then worked in the Carey 
Company mines until he retired. He died at the 
home of his daughter, Mrs. Sykes, at the age of 
ninety-two years. His wife, who died years ago, 
was a daughter of Dr. X'athaniel Dailey, a native 
of Connecticut and an early settler of Lackawan- 
na County, where he was a well known eclectic 
doctor. Mrs. Sykes was born in Hyde Park and 
received a good education here. .She was the 
confidant of her husband in all his enterprises and 
since his demise has, with the co-operation of 
her sons, continued the business successfully. A 
lady of genial, pleasant disposition, she has a 
warm place in the esteem of her many friends. 

The family of Mr. and Mrs. Sykes comprised 
twelve children, of whom, ten are living. They 
are William ]., a stone cutter with his brothers; 
John Kidd and Harry R., partners in the busi- 
ness; Frederick E., a bricklayer; Walter W., 
also a bricklayer with his brothers; Robert B., 
who is attending Scranton Business College; 
Mary P., Samuel S., Charlotte J. and Edward D. 
All the children were bom in Scranton except 
Harry R-, and Frederick E., whose birthplace 
w-as Danville. John Kidd was born at the family 
home in Scranton in 1871 and in 1893 became a 
member of the firm of S. Sykes & Sons. Since 
the death of his father he and his brother have 
acted in conjunction with their mother in carry- 
ing on the business. The family occupy a com- 
fortable residence at No. 1235 Penn Avenue. In 
political belief their opinions are similar, all 

favoring Republican principles. They attend the 
Episcopal Church, of which Mrs. Sykes is a 
member. The sons, who are partners in the busi- 
ness, are identified with Union Lodge Xo. 291, 
F. & A. M., in the work of which they maintain 
an interest. They have a stone yard on a railroad 
side track and their office in Larch Street, carry- 
ing in the former a full line of liluc and brown 
stone, and are at this writing building school No. 
10 on the south side. 

ASA B. STEVENS. As a business man and 
a public official, the record of Mr. Stevens 
is creditable to himself and interesting to 
others. During the long period of his residence 
in Scranton he has proved the possession of the 
keen judgment that secures business prosperity 
and the genial temperament that wins personal 
friends. The spirit that led him to enlist in the 
Union army during the Civil War has led him to 
support all loyal and patriotic movements; yet, 
though firm in the expression of his opinions on 
political and other leading questions of the day, 
he is not intolerant or bigoted. One of the 
marked traits of his character is his interest in 
the welfare of others. Sometimes this has in- 
creased his own responsibility, especially in sea- 
sons of financial depression, but it has never 
made him suspicious or cold, nor affected his 
equable temperament. 

The birth of Mr. Stevens occurred in Broome 
County, near Binghamton, N. Y., September 21, 
1834. His grandfather. Rev. Reuben Stevens, 
was born in Litchfield, Conn., and became a min- 
ister in the Methodist Episcopal Church, in which 
he preached fifty-two years, first in his native 
place, then in Broome County, N. Y. He settlec? 
in the latter county in 1803 and was given charge 
of a circuit there, traveling on horseback between 
his various congregations. Fie died at seventy- 
seven years. His father, Capt. Samuel Stevens, 
who was born in Connecticut in 1731, had com- 
mand of a company under General IMarion in 
the Revolution. He was a son of Asa Stevens, 
who came to this country from England at the 
time of the French and Indian wars and settled 
in Connecticut. 



The father of our subject, W'illiam Stevens, 
was born in Litchfield, Conn., in 1796, and en- 
gaged in fanning near Binghaniton, N. Y., until 
his death there at the age of fifty-seven. His 
wife, who died in 1836, bore the maiden name of 
Marion Piper, and was born in Windsor, Broome 
County, of German ancestry. Her father, Isaac 
Piper, was born in Boston, Mass., in 1769, and 
became an early settler of Broome County, N. 
Y., where he engaged in agricultural pursuits; 
he married Jerusha Lyon, who was born in 1767. 
In the family of William Stevens there were seven 
children, but only two are living. One of the 
sons, Abisha C, served for three years in the 
Eighty-ninth New York Infantry and was wound- 
ed in the left breast by a shell, after which he was 
placed in Hancock's Invalid Corps for a year and 
until the close of the war. 

Asa B., who was the youngest of the family. 
entered Binghaniton Academy at the age of thir- 
teen. His studies were cut short by his father's 
death four years later, and at the age of eighteen 
he was apprenticed to the trade of a marble cut- 
ter, which he followed for three years in Binghani- 
ton. In September, 1856, he came into what is 
now Lackawanna County and settled at Dalton 
(then known as Bailey Hollow), in Abington 
Township, where he engaged in the marble busi- 
ness for five years, as a member of the firm of 
Green & Stevens. On dissolving the partner- 
ship, in 1863, he came to Scranton and started in 
the marble business at the head of Penn Avenue 
on Lackawanna, w'here the old Second National 
Bank Building stands. He was a member of the 
firm of Stevens & May, and continued the busi- 
ness while in the army, hiring a man in his place. 
August 14, 1864, Mr. Stevens enlisted in Com- 
pany C, Two Hundred and Third Pennsylvania 
Infantry, and was mustered in at Scranton as a 
private, but September 21 he was made first lieu- 
tenant at Philadelphia, and served as such until 
May 20, 1865, when, the war having closed, he 
w^as honorably discharged. He was at Peters- 
burg and took part in the skirmishes from Deep 
Bottom to Chapin's farm in front of Richmond, 
the second battle of Fair Oaks and both expedi- 
tions to Ft. Fisher. At the capture of that fort, 
January 15, 1865, the captain and half of the 

company fell, and Lieutenant Stevens took com- 
mand of the remaining members. February 22 
he was at the siege of Wilmington, N. C, and 
the next day was in the charge at Northeast Sta- 
tion, Cape Fear River, at which time he became 
seriously ill and was sent back to Wilmington, 
N. C, remaining there until his recovery. At 
Cape Fear River and Ft. Fisher he received hon- 
orable mention from the officers of his regiment 
and complimentary resolutions were passed by 
members of his company, who declared that they 
did not desire to follow any better or braver offi- 
cer than he. During his service he was recom- 
mended for major of colored troops, but declined 
to leave the men whom he had induced to enlist. 
One year after his return Mr. Stevens dissolved 
his partnership with Mr. May and opened a yard 
where the St. James Hotel now stands, opposite 
the Delaware, Lackawanna & Western depot. 
Two years later he moved the business to Lacka- 
wanna Avenue, west of the railroad crossings. 
Upon his election as marshal of the mavor's 
court of Scranton, on the Republican ticket, he 
retired from the marble business, and for the en- 
suing three years gave his attention to his office, 
which he filled satisfactorily. He then became 
manager and treasurer of the Miners and Me- 
chanics Loan and Banking Association, out of 
which grew the West Side Bank, but he resigned 
before the latter organization was formed. For 
some time he was secretary of the School Fund 
Coal Association, and for seventeen years he was 
manager and treasurer of the Bridge Coal Com- 
pany, until the coal in their mines was exhausted. 
For several years he engaged in merchandising 
on the corner of West Lackawanna and North 
Seventh, the firm title being A. B. Stevens & Co. 
In 1889 he went to Pittston and built what is 
known as the Stevens colliery at West Pittston, 
remaining as manager of the Stevens Coal Com- 
pany until 1892, when he sold out. For one year 
he prospected for coal in Schuylkill County, but 
this not proving satisfactory, he returned to 
Scranton. In the spring of 1894 he was em- 
ployed as manager of the Economy Light, Heat 
& Power Company, of which he became stock- 
holder and director, managing the building of 
the main plant on Jefferson Avenue and Ash 



Street. This enterprise has been successful, and 
tlie plant furnishes heat and hght to many pubUc 
buildings and residences. June i. 1896. he re- 
tired from the active management, but is still a 
director. He is also a director in the Consum- 
ers Powder Company. 

In Abington Township, in 1858, Mr. Stevens 
married Miss Elvira A. Colvin, daughter of Jason 
P. and Osena Colvin, the latter deceased. Mr. 
Colvin, who was born in Rhode Island and be- 
longed to an old eastern family, now resides 
with Mr. Stevens, and retains possession of his 
faculties to an unusual degree considering his 
age, eighty-five. Three of his sons served in the 
Civil War. Norman, a sergeant, was wounded 
at Chattanooga and fell into the hands of the 
Confederates, who imprisoned him at Libby, and 
there he died. Theodore, who was a member of 
Company K, Eleventh Pennsylvania Cavalry, for 
three years, and was wounded in service, now lives 
in Ohio. Melvin R. was a member of the One 
Hundred and Forty-third Pennsylvania Infantry. 
Mrs. Stevens was educated in Madison Academy 
and taught school for several years when a young 
woman. She has two sons, Julian G., of Scran- 
ton, and Fred E., a graduate of Wyoming Sem- 
inary, now treasurer of the Scranton Ice Com- 
pany, and treasurer and bookkeeper for Ira Ben- 
nett & Co. 

When Scranton was incorporated as a city Mr. 
Stevens was a member of the first select council 
and board of commissioners. In 1878 he was 
appointed sheriff of Lackawanna County by the 
governor, and the following year was nominated 
and elected on the Republican ticket, serving 
four years and five months altogether. Fra- 
ternally he is a Knight Templar and has attained 
the thirty-third degree in Masonry. He is past 
officer in Hyde Park Lodge No. 339, F. & A. M.; 
past priest of Lackawanna Chapter No. 185 ; past 
commander of Coeur de Lion Commandery No. 
17; Cerneau Consistory No. 23, of which he has 
been commander-in-chief; Lu-Lu Temple Shrine 
in Philadelphia, and ]\Iasonic Veterans Associa- 
tion of Philadelphia, in all of which he is past 
officer. Formerly he was an Odd Fellow, but 
during the war dropped out of the organization. 
He is a Grand Army man, belonging to Lieut. 

Ezra S. Griffin Post No. 139, and at this writing 
commander of said post. His wife is identified 
with the Green Ridge P.nptist Church, which he 
attends. Since the candidacy of John C. Fre- 
mont he has been a Republican. For three years 
he was chairman of the old Luzerne County 
committee, and for two years held a similar po- 
sition in Lackawanna : he is now chairman of the 
city central committee and has been identified 
with the state central committee. In the organi- 
zation of this county he was very active, and for 
twenty years spent a few days every winter in 
Harrisburg lobbying, until finally the bill was 

JAMES B. GILHOOL was born in Carbon- 
dale, where since 1874 he has been engaged 
in the hardware, steam fitting and plumb- 
ing business. He is recognized as one of the in- 
dustrious business men of the place, one who 
has worked his way upward in spite of ad- 
versity and obstacles. At the early age of nine 
years, when most boys are in school, he was 
obliged to begin to support himself and from 
that day to this he has been indebted to no one 
for his daily bread. 

The father of our subject, James Gilhool, was 
born in County Sligo, Ireland, but emigrated 
from there to America and settled in Carbon- 
dale, where he was killed in the mines in 1854. 
Our subject was bona July g, 1852, and was only 
two years of age when his father's accidental 
death left him an orphan, with few friends and 
little money. Soon afterward the family went to 
Scranton, and there, at nine years of age, he be- 
gan to work in a coal breaker. In the hard and 
ill-paid work of a slate picker he was employed 
for six years. Afterward he learned the tinner's 
trade, working for Captain Fish of Providence. 
Industrious and persevering, he worked untir- 
ingly to get a start in life and is deserving of the 
success he has had. In 1873 he opened a store 
in Carbondale, to which he has since given his 
close attention. 

In 1874 Mr. Gilhool married Maria Lynch and 
they became the parents of seven children, of 
whom Thomas died at seven years. Joseph, the 



eldest of the family, is an intelligent, energetic 
youth, and of great assistance to his father in the 
store. The others are Hannah. Eddie, James, 
•Mar}- and Clara. It has been the desire of ^Ir. 
Gilhool to give his children advantages of which 
he was deprived in boyhood, and his ambition 
to succeed is largely caused by his affection for 
his family. He is a member of the Catholic 
Church and attends its services regularly. At 
this writing he is sen'ing his third term as a 
member i.>f the select council. 

HON. JOHN H. FELLOWS. Those pul>- 
lic-spirited citizens whose sound judg- 
ment has promoted the industrial growth 
of their community and whose energy has 
brouglit an enlarged prosperity to every line of 
human activity, deservedly occupy positions of 
prominence in local history. A volume wherein 
reference is made to leading residents of Scranton 
should not omit mention of the gentleman above 
named, who has officiated as mayor of the city, 
and in every relation of life, public and private, 
has proved his stability of character and energy 
of disposition. His entire life has been passed on 
the west side, and he now resides at No. 418 
Tenth Street, within a very short distance of the 
house where he was born, July 23, 1849. 

The founder of the Fellows family in America 
was Joseph, a native of England, born near Shef- 
field, who brought his family to Scranton about 
1790 and served here as a justice of the peace and 
conveyancer of lands, his home being in what 
is now Hyde Park. He was an extensive farmer 
and speculator in lands and patented many 
tracts. Among his possessions were vast acres 
of coal lands, which he sold before he knew their 
value. When about eighty years of age he had a 
case against a Dr. Malone, in which he was suc- 
cessful, thereby incurring the bitter enmity of the 
doctor. In a fit of passion the latter struck him 
with a club and killed him. 

Ne.xt in line of descent was Benjamin, our sub- 
ject's grandfather, who had four sisters, Nancy, 
Lydia, Catharine T. and Elizabeth, and three 
brothers, Henry and Sylvanus, farmers; and 
Joseph Jr., a bachelor, who succeeded his father 

in his real estate transactions, founded Hyde 
Park, and died at ninety-one years. Benjamin, 
who w-as born in England, was brought to Scran- 
ton at the age of two years and grew to manhood 
upon a farm on the west side. His life occupa- 
tion was that of an agriculturist, and he served 
for some time as justice of the peace. His death 
occurred when he was eighty-five. 

John Fellows, father of our subject, was born 
on the west side and assisted to clear one hun- 
dred acres in what is now Hyde Park, but during of his active life he engaged in the manu- 
facture of brick. Politically he was a Republican. 
During the late war he gave liberally to the Union 
cause, with which he was in hearty sympathy. 
In 1888 he was accidentally killed, being thrown 
fmni his carriage and receiving injuries which re- 
sulted in his death, at the age of seventy-two years 
and four months. In religious belief he was a 
I'niversalist. His wife, Cynthia J. Pierce, w^as 
born in Cooperstown, N. Y., a daughter of Levi 
Pierce, a native of New York state, but for many 
years a resident of Scranton, where he had a dis- 
tillery on the \vest side. He was a descendant of 
Scotch ancestors who came to America in the 
"Mayflower," and his wife, a Miss Ingles, was 
also of Scotch descent and "Ma\'flower'' stock. 
Mrs. Cynthia J. Fellows died at the age of sev- 
enty-three, soon after the demise of her husband. 
She was a woman of noble Christian character 
and a consistent member of the ^lethodist Epis- 
copal Church. In her family there were six sons 
and three daughters, of whom the eldest boy died 
at the age of sixteen years and the youngest at 
six years. The others are John H. ; Horatio T., 
select councilman in Scranton and an employe of 
the Delaware, Lackawanna & Western Railroad 
Company; George H., with the same company; 
Charles D., formerly engaged in the insurance 
business here, now deceased; Airs. Harriet ^^'ol- 
cott, of Kingston, Pa.; Mrs. Sarah Carlton and 
Mrs. Electa E. Oram, of Scranton. 

Until fifteen years of age the subject of this 
sketch attended the district schools in the winter 
season, but afterward he learned the painter's 
trade, which he followed until twenty. At that 
time he took a scholarship in Gardner's Business 
College. For two weeks he was with the Dela- 



ware, Lackawanna & Western, after which he 
began in the fire insurance business, representing 
the German Fire Company of Erie and working 
up the largest agency in Scranton. In 1882 he 
sold to Norman & Moore, who still continue the 
business. The estate of Joseph Fellows having 
been in litigation for many years, he became in- 
terested in it and succeeded in effecting a, settle- 
ment, saving what was left of the property. He 
continues to act as agent for the estate, in addi- 
tion to which he has had large real estate inter- 
ests. At this writing he is president of the J. W. 
Browning Land Company, proprietors of land at 
Arlington Heights beyond North Park; the 
Shawnee Land Company, incorporated in 1894, 
by whom the Boulfevard, South Wilkesbarre, was 
platted ; and the Ontario Land Company, found- 
ed with a capital of $50,000, now increased to 
$450,000, and operating in Duluth, Minn., and 
vicinity; also proprietors of land in Spyokane and 
l^acoma, Wash., and Atlanta, Ga. The scheme 
was originated by Mr. Fellows and Harry C. 
Heermans, of Corning, N. Y., and the office of 
the company is at Duluth. 

On the People's ticket, in 1886, Mr. Fellows 
was elected a member of the board of school con- 
trol, but was legislated out of office. Later he 
was elected on the Republican ticket, indorsed 
by the Democrats, and served until February, 
1890, when he was elected mayor upon the Re- 
publican ticket. He took the oath of office the 
first Monday in April, and served for three years, 
discharging the responsible duties of his position 
with efficiency. In 1894 he was a candidate for 
congress and had one hundred and thirty dele- 
gates instructed for him, but they were bought, 
bribery securing his defeat. In the Republican 
party he has been active on county and city com- 
mittees, and has been a capable worker for his 
political organization. 

At Meshoppen Mr. Fellows married Genevieve 
Overfield, who was born there, being a daughter 
of Benjamin Overfield, a farmer, and a descend- 
ant of German ancestry. At her death she left 
seven children, Winfield H., a student in South 
Fayette College at Easton ; Raymond A., Nellie 
I., Lois J., Louisa A., Emma V., and Alwilda G. 
The second marriage of Mr. Fellows took place 

in Bradford County, his wife being Miss Laura 
L., daughter of A. W. Gray, a farmer and dairy- 
man of Bradford County, and granddaughter of 
Elder Gray, a Baptist preacher at Laceyville. 
One child, a son, blesses this union. 

Personally Mr. Fellows is genial and afifable in 
temperament, conservative in judgment, and 
sound in business policy. He is a member of 
Union Lodge No. 291, F. & A. M., in which he 
has served as past master; belongs to Lacka- 
wanna Chapter No. 185, R. A. M.; has been past 
oflicer in the Odd Fellows lodge and a member 
of the encampment; is identified with Le-ha- 
hanna Tribe of Red Men, the Elks, and Hyde 
Park Lodge No. 301, Sons of St. George, and is 
treasurer of Washington Camp No. 572, P. O. S. 
of A. 

JOHN H. WILLIAMS, a successful business 
mao of Scranton and a member of the 
board of school control from the fifteenth 
ward, was born in Jackson Valley, Susquehanna 
County, this state, April 3, 1859, and is a son of 
Samuel M. and Mary (Howell) Williams, natives 
of Glamorganshire, Wales. His paternal grand- 
father. Rev. Samuel A. Williams, emigrated to 
the United States and for many years was promi- 
nent in the ministry of the Congregational 
Church, holding pastorates in Deerfield, N. Y., 
and Neath, Pa. He continued to fill the pulpit 
until within two years of his death, which oc- 
curred at the age of eighty-seven. 

At the time of coming to America Samuel M. 
Williams was twenty years of age. For some 
time he was foreman in a glazing factory in Cin- 
cinnati, Ohio, and later was employed in the same 
capacity in Chicago. Returning to Neath, he 
worked at the painter's trade until his death, Oc- 
tober 8, 1892, at the age of seventy-five. The 
maternal grandfather of our subject, Evan 
Howell, brought his family from Glamorgan- 
shire to Neath, Bradford County, Pa., where he 
settled on a farm about 1833. There he died 
when seventy-two. His daughter, ^lary, still 
makes her home in Neath. 

There were eight children in the parental fani- 
ilv and all but one are living, namely: Samuel D., 



a painter in Lc Raysville, Bradford County; 
James D., a fanner in Brookfield, Linn County, 
Mo. : Jane, who reside.'; witli her mother in Neath ; 
Maggie, wife of Rev. E. J. Morris, of Wilkes- 
barre; John H.; Martha, Mrs. Samuel Davis, of 
Le Raysville and Mrs. Minnie Harris, of Scran- 
ton. After ten years of age our subject lived in 
Neath, remaining with his father on the farm 
until twenty-two. In the fall of 1881 he entered 
Wyoming Seminary, and graduated later from 
the commercial course. For about one year he 
was deputy to the city treasurer, D. M. Jones, 
after which he was bookkeeper for Carson & 
Davis until 1885. He then formed a partnership 
with Hon. John T. Williams, as Williams & Co., 
and has since continued in the mercantile busi- 
ness, occupying three floors at Xo. 702 .South 
Main Avenue. 

In addition to his work as managing partner 
of the firm, Mr. Williams is a director of the Wil- 
liams Coal Company of Pottsvillc, of \yhich his 
father-in-law, Morgan B. Williams, of Wilkes- 
barre, is the president. He is interested in the 
Thuron Coal & Land Company, operated by the 
Williams Coal Company; the Xavigation Land 
Company of Pottsville; Fain'iew Land Com- 
pany; the Scranton Packing Company, and the 
West Side Bank ; and is connected with the Clark 
& Snover Company, manufacturers of stripped 
and fine Kentucky smoking and chewing to- 

The home of Mr. Williams at No. 614 South 
Main Avenue is presided over by his wife, Rachel, 
daughter of Hon. Morgan. B. Williams, a prom- 
inent coal operator and member of congress from 
Wilkesbarre, Pa. Mrs. Williams received an ex- 
cellent education in Wyoming and Summerville 
female seminaries. She is the mother of two 
sons, Roy and Ralph. In the spring of 1890 Mr. 
Williams was nominated on the Republican ticket 
for the ])osition of member of the board of school 
control from the fifteenth ward and was elected 
without opposition. At the close of his term, in 
1894, he was again elected without opposition. 
Fraternally he is connected with Robert Morris 
Lodge No. 58, Order of Ivorites, and Hyde Park 
Lodge No. 339, F. & A. M. He has ser\'ed on 
the county and city Republican committees and 

is an active worker in ])ehalf of his party. While 
he is not identified with any denomination, he 
frequently attends the Plymouth Congregational 
Church, of which his wife is a member, and con- 
tributes to religious and charitable enterprises. 

ANTHONY M. BANKS. Among the trust- 
ed employes of the Delaware & Hudson 
Canal Company are not a few who have 
been connected with the road since boyhood, and 
one of these is Mr. Banks, of Carbondale, who 
for some years has been filling the responsible 
position of engineer. A lifelong resident of this 
city, he owns and occupies a comfortable home at 
No. 128 Terrace Street and there, when off duty, 
his time is happily passed in the society of his 
wife and tv%o daughters, Marie and Evelyn. 

The father of our subject, Patrick Banks, was 
born in Ireland and there spent the years of 
youth. On emigrating to this country in 1847, 'i^ 
settled in Hawley, Pa., but shortly afterward re- 
moved to Dunmore, and worked on the old 
Pennsylvania Gravity road, first as a common 
laborer. Later, as his ability was proved, he was 
given positions of trust and responsibility. Some 
years ago he retired from railroading and has 
since lived quietly at his home in Carbondale. 
By his marriage to Susan Bergen, who died in 
1888, he had a family of nine children, and of 
these five are now living: Maggie, wife of James 
J. Loftus; Anthony M., who was bom in Car- 
bondale, November 10, 1863; Kieran, a student 
for the priesthood at Baltimore, now in hi* 
seventh year of study; James, a locomotive fire- 
man, and Susie, who resides with her father. 

From an early age Mr. Banks' life has been one 
of hard work. When only twelve he secured em- 
ployment as a slate picker at a coal breaker and 
there continued for three years, learning in the 
meantime many lessons of patience and persever- 
ance that have been of assistance to him in his 
subsequent labors. His first W'Ork with the Dela- 
ware & Hudson Company was that of wiper at the 
engine house and he has since continued with 
them in difTerent capacities. For seven years he 
was fireman, and thus gained a thorough and 
practical understanding of the locomotive, so 



was prepared to render efficient service as engin- 
eer, to whicli position he was promoted in July, 

In his reHgious behef Mr. Banks was reared 
in the faith of the Catholic Church and to this 
he has since adhered, supporting its man}- inter- 
ests and co-operating in its work. For many 
years he has been connected with Father Mat- 
thew's Society at this place, and he is also a 
member of the Catholic Mutual Benevolent As- 
sociation. Any measures that may be for the ad- 
vancement of the welfare of the people or the 
city receive his sympathetic support. The 
Brotiierhood of Locomotive Engineers numbers 
hiiii among its active members, and he is also 
associated with the Crescent Social Club. He and 
his wife, who was formerly Ami McDonald, are 
well known in Carbondale and have the respect 
of t'.ie people of the city. 

sician of Scranton with office at No. 210 
South Main Avenue, was born in Clinton, 
N. J., and is a descendant of German ancestors, 
who were numbered among the earliest settlers 
of Hunterdon County. His father, John R., and 
grandfather, Herbert, were born in New Jersey, 
and the former was a wagon-maker in Clinton. 
During the Civil War he enlisted as a member of 
Compar.y H, Fifteenth New Jersey Infantry, fcr 
three years, but was severely wounded three 
times in a charge at the battle of Gettysburg, and 
on that account was honorably discharged from 
the service. He is still living, though now in re- 
tirement from business pursuits. For some time 
he was a justice of the peace, and has always 
taken an interest in Grand Army affairs. He 
married Almira Hall, who was born in Stanton, 
Hunterdon County, N. J., of English descent, and 
was the daughter of Daniel Hall, a large farmer 

The subject of this sketch, who is the only child 
of his parents, received the best educational ad- 
vantages afforded by the schools of the state. 
After graduating from Flemington Collegiate In- 
stitute, he taught school for a number of years, 
and in that way saved a sufficient amount to ena- 

ble him to prosecute his professional studies. 
From boyhood he had a fondness for medical 
work, and early determined to enter that profes- 
sion. While teaching school he carried on his 
medical studies under a physician of Clinton. In 
1884 he entered Baltimore Medical College, and 
two years later graduated with honors and the 
degree of M. D. He then opened an office at 
West Auburn, Susquehanna County, Pa., where 
he remained a short time only. Wishing to per- 
fect himself still further in his profession, in the 
fall of 18S9 he entered the Hahnemann Medical 
College, Philadelphia, from which he graduated 
in the spring of the next year. Since then he has 
carried on a general practice in Scranton, mak- 
ing, however, a specialty of gynecology. 

In Scranton Dr. Lindabury married Miss 
Martha MacPherson, daughter of William ^lac- 
Pherson, a descendant of Scotch ancestry and for- 
merlv a coal operator in this city. They are the 
parents of two children. May and Edith. Dr. 
Lindabury is connected with the Northeastern 
Pennsylvania Medical Society, of which he was 
at one time president; is identified with the State 
Flomeopathic Medical Society and the Inter-State 
HomeC)pathic Medical Society; fraternally be- 
longs to Franklin Lodge, F. & A. M., at Lacey- 
ville; Temple Chapter No. 172, at Tunkhannock; 
and Coeur do Lion Commandery No. 17, K. T. ; 
takes an active interest in the Lackawanna Coun- 
ty Society of History and Science; and in religious 
belief is a Presbyterian, holding membership in 
the Washburn Street Church. He is well informed 
regarding the problems that are presented for so- 
lution by the people, is a stanch supporter of all 
projects for the advancement and interests of the 
people, ar.f! in politics votes the Republican ticket. 

COL. HERMAN OSTHAUS, attorney-at- 
law and assistant postmaster of Scranton, 
was born in Overton, Sullivan County, 
Pa., December 24, 1852, and is a descendant of 
German ancestry. His grandfather, Henry Ost- 
haus, was engaged as an agriculturist on the 
crown estate, "Woltingerode," in the kingdom of 
Hanover, from about 1805 until his death, which 
occurred there. The family of which he was a 



niembcr was one of tliu oldest and most infiu- 
futial in his locality. The lady whom he married 
was of a noble family named von Buck. Her two 
brothers were members of the army under Napo- 
leon, and parlicijiated in the long march to Rus- 
sia, and in the battle of Borrodino both were 

The Colonel's father, Francis Osthaus. was 
born in the kingdom of Hanover and received an 
e.xcellent classical education in a college at 
Magdeburg. After leaving school, he engaged 
in scientific farming on large estates as superin- 
tendent, it being necessary in that country to farm 
scientifically if one would meet with any success. 
In the spring of 1852 he came to America and 
purchased a farm in Overton. Sullivan County, 
Pa., where he has since been an extensive and 
successftd agriculturist. In addition to farming. 
since 1S67 he has been proprietor of a general 
mercantile establishment at Overton. 

The mother of our subject, Minna Hiibner, 
was born in Hanover, where her father was an ; she died in 1859, after having be- 
come the mother of four children, of whom our 
subject and one daughter are living. Herman, 
who is the eldest of the family, was only seven 
years of age when he was orphaned by his moth- 
er's death. With the assistance of his father, he 
prepared for college, and in 1870 entered Alle- 
ghany College at r^Ieadville, Pa., from which he 
graduated in 1874 with the degree of A. B. 
Three years later, on account of post-graduate 
work, tlic degree of A. ^I. was conferred upon 

At once after graduating Mr. Osthaus went to 
Germany, where he had the advantage of eight- 
een months' study in the universities of Gottingen 
and Heidelberg. ( )f the opportunities offered by 
these ancient seats of learning he availed himself 
to the utmost, thus extending the scope of his 
knowledge. The University of Heidelberg, whicli 
was founded in 1386, is the oldest in Germany, 
and one of the most noted in the world. It has a 
library of two hundred thousand volumes, manv 
rare manuscripts and other appliances of learn- 
ing, nie L'niversity of Gottingen is likewise an 
ancient one, and has a librarj' of four hundred 
thousand i)rinted volumes and five thousand 

manuscripts, a museum, judicial society, and so- 
ciety of sciences. To be a student in these institu- 
tions is, tiierefore. to place within one's reach the 
accumulated wisdom of the ages. 

In the fall of 1876, shortly after his return to 
the United States, Mr. Osthaus entered the law 
department of the University of Alichigan, and 
graduated two years later with the degree of 
LL.B. In 1879 he located in Scranton, where he 
has since engaged in general practice, having his 
office in tile Commonwealth Building. In 1893 
he was ajipointed assistant postmaster, which po- 
sition he has since filled. Politically a Democrat, 
he has been treasurer of the county committee, 
and in religious belief is. connected with the Sec- 
ond Preslnterian Church. Fraternally he is a 
member of Peter Williamson Lodge, F. & A. M. 
In Oakland County, Mich., he married Miss 
Alice C ummins, a direct descendant of John 
Hart, one of the signers of the Declaration of In- 
dependence for New Jersey. She was born near 
Hackettstown, N. J., where her father, Opdyke 
Ciunniins, was a farmer, and after he removed to 
Oakland County she attended the high school at 
Ann Arbor, from which she graduated. 

Shortly after his location in Scranton, Mr. Ost- 
haus became a private in Company A, Tiiirtcenth 
PennsA'lvania National Guard, and si.x years later 
was commissioned quartermaster sergeant of the 
same company. In 1887 he was appointed regi- 
ment inspector of rifle practice of the Thirteenth 
Regiment, with the rank of first lieutenant. Four 
years later he was appointed general inspector of 
rifle practice for Pennsylvania by Governor Patti- 
son, with the rank of colonel on the governor's 
staff, and held that position until the expiration 
of the gubernatorial term. In 1895 he was com- 
missioned colonel, on the retired list. W'hen he 
became general inspector, only about one-half of 
the men in the state guard were qualified marks- 
men, but so efficient was he in the work that at the 
expiration of his term the entire guard were ex- 
pert marksmen. Two times during his term the 
Pennsylvania team entered the national military 
rifle contests, at Sea-Girt, N. J. In 1892 they en- 
tered in the two great contests, the inter-state 
and Hilton trophy matches, and won both by 
verv high scores, over a large number of teams 




from other states. In 1894 the team again took 
part in the same contests, winning the Hilton 
trophy match by an exceptionally high score, but 
losing the inter-state by a few points, owing to 
the unfortunate shooting of one of the members, 
who, by mistake, made a bull's eye on the wrong 
target. Colonel Osthaus is a member of the 
board of trustees who hold and manage the ar- 
mory property, and for many years has been sec- 
retary^ and treasurer of the board. 

HOX. JOHN T. WILLIAMS, an influential 
and respected citizen of Scranton, was 
born in Carmarthenshire, South Wales, in 
1839, and is a son of Thomas and Barbara 
(Jones) Williams, also natives of that shire. His 
father, who was a son of Reese Williams, a farm- 
er, spent his entire life in the south of Wales, 
engaged as a mason and builder, and died there 
when sixty-three years of age. The wife and 
mother, who died in 1887, was a daughter of John 
Jones, who was a soldier in the British army, 
but afterwards returned to Carmarthenshire and 
settled on a farm that is still owned by members 
of the family. 

Eight children were born to the union of 
Thomas and Barbara Williams, all but one of 
whom attained maturity, and five are living, three 
in Wales, one sister in Australia, and our sub- 
ject, the oldest son, in America. A son who came 
to the United States died soon after his arrival 
in this country. John T. was reared in Wales 
and attended a private school until sixteen years 
of age, after which he worked in a mine. In 
April, 1859, he left Swansea, Wales, for Liver- 
pool, and there took passage on the "Dread Not," 
which landed him in New York after twenty- 
eight days. He came to Scranton and secured 
work as a laborer in the Hampton mines of the 
Delaware, Lackawanna & Western Railroad 

When the gold excitement was at its height, 
Mr. William.s went to California in 1861, making 
the voyage by steamer from New York by way 
of Aspinwall and Panama to San Francisco. 
Soon after, his arrival he began mining at San 
Juan, where he remained for five years. Return- 

ing to Scranton in 1866 by the same route over 
which he had traveled in going west, he resumed 
work v.ith the Delaware, Lackawanna & West- 
ern Company. In 1872 he was made inside fore- 
man of the Sloan mines and this position he held 
many years. In 1884 he returned to Wales to 
visit his mother and friends there, and also spent 
a short time in other parts of the British Isles. 
About one week after his return to Scranton, 
he was nominated by the Republican party as 
their candidate for the legislature, and in the fall 
was elected by thirteen hundred majority, his 
colleague being George Ferber. In the session 
of 1885 he served on various committees. The 
following year he was re-elected by a good ma- 
jority, but his colleague was defeated, Martin 
Jordan, Democrat, securing the election. In the 
session of 1887 he was chairman of the iron and 
coal committee and a member of other commit- 
tees. During his first term he introduced an 
appropriation bill for the oral school. It passed 
both houses, but was vetoed by Governor Patti- 
son. During bis second term, however, it again 
passed and was signed by Governor Beaver. By 
means of this appropriation the present building 
was erected and is maintained. He also intro- 
duced the free prop amendment to the mine law, 
which proved of benefit to mine owners ; and an 
amendment providing for the appointment of 
board of mine inspecting examiners by the Lack- 
awanna County judges, a bill vetoed at that time, 
but since made a law. At the close of his second 
term of office, he did not seek renomination, but 
turned his attention to business affairs. 

Until March i, 1886, Mr. Williams retained his 
position as foreman with the Delaware, Lacka- 
wanna & Western Railroad Company, but at that 
time he resigned and embarked in the general 
mercantile business under the firm name of Wil- 
liams & Co., his partner being John H. Williams. 
His business has since been conducted on the 
corner of South Main Avenue and Eynon Street, 
and is one of the flourishing enterprises of the 
city. In addition to this, Mr. Williams was one 
of the original stockholders in the West Side 
Bank and is now a director. He is interested in 
and a director of the Scranton Packing Com- 
pany, and has large interests in coal lands of 



Schuylkill Coiiiitv. lie is a dinctur aiul treas- 
urer of the Cambrian Mutual Fire Insurance 
Company. In 1896 he was a delegate to the 
Republican national convention at St. Louis. 
He has been a member of the state committee 
and is now identified with the county committee. 
In this cit\ in 1867 Mr. Williams married Miss 
Mary Lewis, a native of Aberdare, Glamorgan- 
shire. \\'alcs. and daughter of George Lewis, a 
shoemaker, who died there at the age of forty- 
three. Her grandfather, George Lewis, Sr., was 
a farmer of Glamorganshire. Her mother, Mary, 
was a daughter of Xoah Williams, and was reared 
on his farm in Glamorganshire. After the death 
of her husband she brought her six daughters 
to America, arriving at Neath, Bradford County, 
Pa., in November, 1858. There she died three 
years later. Of her daughters, four are living. 
Mrs. Williams, who was next to the youngest, 
attended the public schools in girlhood, and in 
1866 came to Scranton. She became the mother 
of four children, namely: Alma, who died at four 
years; Elmer, a graduate of the Bloomsburg 
State Normal School in 1892, afterward in busi- 
ness with his fatlier until his death in 1895, at the 
age of twenty-four; I 'aimer, a member of the 
class of 1S97, Bucknell Tniversity; and Reba, at 
home. Fraternally Mr. Williams is a member of 
Hyde Park Lodge No. 339, F. & A. M.. and 
Silurian Lodge No. 763, T. O. O. V. in the 
Welsh Bajitist Chiu-cli he is a deacon and secre- 
tary of the l)()af(l i>f trustees. 

the village (now city) of Carbondale, June 
jy, 1850. His father, Sanniel Jones, was 
among the first comers who made tlie little coal 
mitiing village of the upper Lackawanna Valley 
their home. He was a native of South Wales, 
jjorn near tlie town of Brecon, February 28, 1806. 
Tlie deatJi of his mother, which occurred when he 
was but three months old, left him to the care of 
relatives, with whom he lived until he reached 
the age of twelve years, when he was obliged to 
shift for himself. He secured employment witli a 
farmer in the neighborhood of his early home and 
served as a farm laborer for a number of \ears. 

A longing to see something of the world led liini 
to the conclusion that life on the ocean would 
afford him the opixjrtunity he coveted, and one 
day while strolling about the wharf in the city of 
Bristol, a ship's surgeon offered him a berth as 
servant, and the offer was promptly accepted. 
During one of the voyages across the Atlantic 
tlie ship's crew mutinied, but the plot was dis- 
covered; the ringleaders were placed in irons 
and upon the arrival of the vessel at New York 
they were handed over to the authorities, tried, 
and sentenced to long terms of imprisonment. 

The doctor's boy was among the witnesses for 
the prosecution, and the usual delay in the courts 
gave him an opportunity to see something of life 
in the American metropolis. An incident which 
occurred in the court room made such an im- 
pression upon him that he resolved to give up the 
seafaring life and make America his future home. 
The incident referred to occurred one morning 
before the formal opening of the session, when 
the yoimg Welshman on entering the chamber re- 
moved his cap. A man standing in the aisle said 
to him: "Put your cap on, youngster; court ain't 
sitthig. and mind _\'ou are in a free country now." 
This was the turning point, and when the trial 
was over he took passage on a North River boat 
for Albany, and soon found employment on a 
farm in the neighljorhood of that city. In the 
spring of 1830 he learned that a party of men 
from Wales were employed in the Pennsylvania 
coal mines, and at once concluded to join them. 
Going down the Hudson River to Rondout, he 
worked his way on the canal to Honesdale, and 
July 10, 1S30, arrived in Carbondale. The next 
day he commenced work in the mines of the Del- 
aware & Hudson Canal Company. December 
28, 1830, lie married Eleanor Pritchard, and the 
young couple began life in part of a small frame 
structure owned by Stephen Rogers, erected near 
what is now the corner of Sixth Avenue and Main 
Street. In the winter of 1833 they removed to 
Wilkesbarre, where Mr. Jones engaged in coal 
mining upon his own account, on lands owned by 
Colonel Bowman. In the summer of 1835 he 
shipped till- product of this enterprise by canal, 
and in the fall of that year navigation closed while 
tv.'o boat loads of his coal were in the neiglil)or- 



hood of P)envick. The following spring when 
he made ready to continue this trip to tidewater, 
he found the boats empty. This loss discouraged 
him completely, and on reaching Wilkesbarre he 
derided to return to Carbondale. In the fall of 
1S36 he purchased a farm on Round Hill, Clif- 
ford Township, Susquehanna County, but con- 
tinued work in the mines at Carbondale, although 
part of his time was devoted to work on the farm. 
He was a practical, industrious man; quite satis- 
fied with his lot in life ; active in religious work ; 
a regular attendant and officer of the Welsh Con- 
gregational Church. He was always interested 
in public affairs; in politics a pronounced Free 
Soiler, \Vhig and Abolitionist, and in the Fre- 
mont and Dayton campaigns in 1856 naturally 
affiliated with the Republican party. His death 
occurred April 14, 1875. 

Eleanor Pritchard, mother of the subject of 
this sketch, was born at Holyhead, Anglesea, 
North Wales, November 14, 1813, and was edu- 
cated at the Harry Owen preparatory school in 
her native town. Her people were seafaring 
folk, and two of her brothers were masters of 
sailing vessels plying between Liverpool and 
New York. She came to this country as com- 
panioi. to Miss Elizabeth Bulkley, in the spring 
of 1830. Miss Bulkley was married to Edward 
Owen upon her arrival in New York, and Miss 
Pritchard was induced to accompany them to the 
coal regions of Pennsylvania, where Mr. Owen 
was assured steady employment in the black- 
smith shop of the Delaware & Hudson Canal 
Company. They arrived in Carbondale in June, 
1830, and six months later ^liss Pritchartl was 
the bride at one of the earliest weddings cele- 
brated in the little mining village. Fourteen cliil- 
dren were born to this couple, six of whom, live 
daughters: and one son, are now living, Samuel S. 
Jones, the subject of our sketch, being the young- 
est member of this large family, and, like his 
father and grandfather, an oidy son. He was 
educated in the public schools, receiving instruc- 
tion from such teachers as Paulinas Lewis, A. 
Richardson, Daniel Davis, Moses Caldwell, Ben- 
jamin Watrous, L. E. Judd and Prof. A. J. Welles, 
who was the first principal of graded school No. 
I. On the 13th day of May, 1863, he entered the 

eni])]oy of Jacob Cohen and underwent training 
in the clothing and merchant tailoring business 
for three years. He was next employed by 
Joseph Alexander, remaining with him until Feb- 
ruary, 1867, when he formed a partnership with 
William Canipman and engage<l in the '-lijlliing 
and merchant tailoring business under the firm 
name of Jones & Campman. 

The partnership continued until 1875. when 
Mr. Campman retired, and the business was con- 
tinued liy the firm of Jones & Russell. \'ery 
early in life Mr. Jones manifested an interest in 
public affairs, and took an active part in local po- 
lit'cal matters. In 1871 he was elected a member 
of the city council, and re-elected three years in 
succersion. During the four years he served as 
clerk of the common council. In November, 
1876, he was the candidate of the Republican 
party for assemblyman of the eighth district of 
Luzerne County and was elected, although the 
district at that time was overwhelmingly Demo- 
cratic, serving in the house of representatives 
during the sessions of 1877 and 1878, and was the 
youngest member of that body during those 
years. He received the party nomination again 
in 1878, but was defeated by the fusion of the 
Greenback-Labor and Democratic parties. 

During the year 1881 and for four years there- 
after, Mr. Jones was employed in the county 
court house at Scranton in the offices of the 
county commissioners, recorder and clerk of 
courts. In 1883 he removed to Dunmore and 
was resident of that town until August, 1887, 
when he returned to his native town and con- 
nected himself with the "Carbondale Leader," be- 
ginning active work on this newspaper with the 
issue of the first daily published in the "Anthra- 
cite City." He remained upon the editorial staff 
until ]\lay, 1893, when he retired from newspaper 
work, to take up the duties of alderman of the 
second ward, to which office he had been elected 
for the term of five years. 

Mr. Jones was always ready to assist in any 
movement that had for its object the betterment 
of his native city; prominently identified with 
every public improvement; an advocate of every 
feasible and practicable effort calculated to place 
the home town on the highest plane possible. 



Firmly believing that the safety of the people 
could only be secured by perfect sanitation, he 
urged the enforcement of sanitary law as found 
upon the statute books; assisted in the organiza- 
tion of the board of health, and for more than five 
years was secretary of the board. He lost no op- 
portunity to point out the necessity of a com- 
plete system of sewers, the construction of paved 
roadways, grading of the hill street, the erection 
of sightly buildings, and all matters tending to 
make the people proud of the city in which they 
dwelt. He was one of the organizers of the Car- 
bondale Hospital Association and a member of 
the beard of directors: an active worker in the 
first board of trade of Carbondale, serving" as sec- 
retary of the organization for five years. He 
was associated with the promoters of the street 
railway s\stem. Sperl Heating Company, Klotz 
Bros.' Silk .Mill. .Anthracite Land & Improve- 
ment Company ^)wners of the Hotel Anthracite), 
and secretary of the last-named corporation. 

Januarj- i6, 1877, Mr. Jones was united in mar- 
riage with Margaret Gillespie, eldest daughter of 
James and Margaret Russell, of Fell Township, 
and two children, James Russell, born October 
II, 1877. and Eleanor Pritchard, born .March 4, 
1883, are the result of this union. Mr. Jones is 
a member of the First Presbyterian Church and 
Sabbath-scliool and has always been interested 
in ihe work of the nursery of the church. 

CllAKLl',.s 1)1 i'o.XT JIRI'XK. The Hn- 
eage of the lireck family is traced back to 
a remote period in 1 English history. The 
first of the name of whom tiiere is authentic rec- 
ord is William de Breck, whose castk and estate 
stood in Hampshire, England, and who was one of 
the barons that tried the noted .\(lain Gurdon in 
1274. One (jf liis descenihuits, i'"d\\ard Breck, 
emigrated from Ashton. Lancaster, to Dorches- 
ter, near Boston, about 1633, and became the 
father of John Breck, an influential citizen and 
prominent man. Ne.xt in line of descent was 
John, Jr., the father of three sons and three 
daughters, oi whom the second son, Samuel, was 
born April 11, 1747, ''"'^ '''^''1 -^1^}' 7- 1809. A 
man 01 prominence, he rejjresented Boston in the 

lower house for seven years, and held high rank 
among the public men of the state. During the 
Revolution many I'rench ships came to Boston, 
either for repairs or to escape the enemy, and it 
was necessary to secure an agent of supplies 
there. Accordingly Samuel Breck was appoint- 
ed to the position, which he filled satisfactorily 
until the expiration of the conflict. In 1792 he 
moved with his family to Philadelphia and there 

George, son of .Samuel Breck, was born in 
Boston in 1785, removed thence to Bristol, Bucks 
County, Pa., and married Catharine Israeli. Their 
son, William, father of our subject, was born at 
Bustleton (now in the city of Philadelphia), May 
29, 1813, and in early life located on the Brandy- 
wine near Wilmington, Del., where he married 
Gabriella Josephine, daughter of Victor du Pont, 
a prominent powder manufacturer of thait city. 
About 1859 he came to Scranton, where he rep- 
resented the du Pont Powder Company until his 
death, April 26, 1870. For years he served as 
vestryman in St. Luke's Episcopal Church, and 
throughout his entire life here had many warm 
friends among his fellow-citizens. His wife, who 
was born at the du Pont home on the Brandy- 
wine and was a niece of Admiral Samuel F. du 
Pont, died in Scranton in May, 1890. The fam- 
ily consisted of three children: George L., a busi- 
ness man of this city: Charles du Pont: and Ga- 
briella, ]Mrs. John .Swift, of Scranton. 

In Wilmington, Del., where he was born May 
18. 1840, the subject of this sketch laid the foun- 
dation of his education. In 1859 he graduated 
from L'nion College, Schenectady, N. Y., with 
the degree of A. B. Shortly afterward he began 
to read law in Wilmington with Victor du Pont, 
but soon came to -Scranton, where he completed 
his studies with Judge Willard, and was admitted 
to the bar at Wilkesbarre, August 18, 1861. 
Forming a partnershi]) with George Sanderson, 
Sr., the firm of Sanderson & Breck continued 
until tile death 1 if the senior member, since 
which time Mr. Ihx'ck lias been alone. While 
he is well informed in all branches of tlie law, his 
specialty has been office practice and the work 
of counsellor. 

In April, 189 1, the Dime Deposit and Discount 



Bank was organized with James P. Dickson as 
president, but the resignation of that gentleman 
was followed by Mr. Break's election to the posi- 
tion. The Dime Bank Building, where business 
is transacted, is one of the finest office buildings 
in the city and is centrally located. The bank 
was organized with a capital stock of $100,000, 
paid up, and there is now a surplus of $42,000, 
while since 1892 quarterly dividends of one and 
one-half per cent have been declared. A large 
business is carried on, both in the savings and 
business department. Mr. Breck assisted in the 
organization of the Eureka Cash Register and 
Paragon Plaster Companies, in both of which he 
is a director, and he is also interested in coal 

Elected on the Democratic ticket the first city 
controller of Scranton, Mr. Breck served for 
three years, then declined renomination. In 1892 
he was a state elector for the Democratic party 
and in the campaign of 1896 upheld the cause of 
the "sound money" Democracy. For some time 
he was a director in the Lackawanna Trust & 
Safe Deposit Company, but resigned in 1893. 
As a member of the Scranton City Property 
Company, he has assisted largely in the develop- 
ment of property in the southern part of the city. 
At one time he was interested in the Pawnee Coal 
Company, that sold a large number of building- 
lots on the south side. Afterward he aided in 
the organi.-jation of the Scranton City Cottage 
Company and was one of its most active workers. 
He was interested in locating the first silk mill 
here and the steel mill now owned by the Lacka- 
wanna Iron & Steel Company. In April, 1869, 
he married Mary Duer, daughter of John K. 
Duer, United States Navy, of New York. Three 
children were born of that union, of whom the 
only one living is Duer du Pont Breck, a resi- 
dent of New York. In May, 1892, Mr. Breck 
married his present wife, Mrs. Anna E. Beck- 

In personal appearance Mr. Breck is imposing 
and dignified, and in character upright and hon- 
orable. His judgment is sound and, when once 
formed, is firm. Identified with the history of 
Scranton through its most eventful years, he has 
contributed to its growth and the development of 

its property interests, and has maintained the 
deepest interest in its ])rogress. In the law he is 
well versed, familiar with the principles of wise 
statesmanship and public policy, possessing a 
mind that is analytical, keen and judicious, and 
a temperament admirably fitted for the legal pro- 

CHARLES W. ROBERTS, who is recog- 
nized as one of the prominent Homeopa- 
thic physicians not only of Scranton but 
of northeastern Pennsylvania as well, was born 
at Salisbury Mills, Orange County, N. Y., Janu- 
ary 26, 1848, and is a son of Solomon B. and 
Sarah (Lyons) Roberts, natives of Newburgh, N. 
Y., and Connecticut, respectively. His paternal 
grandfather died on a farm in Wyoming County, 
Pa., when about eighty-eight years of age. He 
had five brothers who came from New York and 
settled on the Roberts tract in Wyoming County, 
now owned mostly by Everhart, a portion being 
known as Everhart's Island. One of the uncles 
was killed in the Wyoming massacre and after- 
ward the others returned to New York State. 
Their land, which was sold for taxes, is now 
worth millions on account of the discovery of 
"black diamonds" there. Our subject's great- 
grandmotlier attained the age of one hundred 
and two and his grandmother lived to be one 
hundred and four, both dj-ing in Orange County, 
N. Y. 

Reared in Orange County, Solomon B. Rob- 
erts engaged in the manufacture of carriages and 
in fancy blacksmithing at Washingtonville. He 
shod all of Robert Bonner's horses and at one 
time had Abdallah in his possession. In 1857 he 
moved to a farm in Russell Hill, Wyoming 
County, where he became the pioneer of the 
fancy stock farmers in the northeastern part of 
the state. In 1859, when he and his wife were 
returning from a carriage trip into New York 
and were within one-half mile of their home, she 
was accidentally drowned, and, on account of 
the ice aiul high water, her body was not found 
until the next spring at Wilkesbarre. The shock 
of her accidental death so disheartened her hus- 
band that he disposed of his property in Penn- 



sylvania and went back to New York, where he 
spent his remainiiifj years in Chester and Flor- 
ida. He died in the latter village at the age of 
seventy-eight. Identified with the Methodist 
Episcopal Church, he was a local exhorter and 
prominent worker in his denomination, and 
served almost continuously as Sunday-school su- 

The mother of our subject was a cousin of Gen- 
eral Lyons, who was killed in Missouri. Her 
parents were prominent in their locality in Con- 
necticut, and her brother, Henry, was a large and 
successful investor in real estate in Cleveland, 
Ohio. She was a Methodist in her religious 
faith and was a woman of noble character and 
consistent life. Her death occurred when she 
was forty-eight years of age. Of her fourteen 
children seven daughters and two sons are liv- 
ing. The oldest son, Albert W., who was in the 
government employ as engineer on the famous 
run from Chattanooga to Norfolk, bearing am- 
munition to General Sherman, was killed in a 
railroad accident on the old Midland road in New 
York in 1873. Solomon was with the flagship 
"Roanoke" for two years and then re-enlisted, 
but was never aftenvard heard of. 

Reared in Orange County until ten years of 
age, our subject then accompanied his parents to 
Pennsylvania. When the Civil War broke out 
he was a mere lad, but patriotic impulses led him 
to enlist; however, he was rejected on account of 
not being the required height. In i860 he came 
to Scranton, where he attended the academy for 
six months. Later he worked until he had enough 
money to pay his tuition at Herring's Business 
College, which he entered, graduating from the 
first class. He then joined a brother-in-law in 
Philadelphia, and it was while there that he enlist- 
ed on the one hundred days' emergency call jn the 
Eighty-eighth Pennsylvania infantry. Afterward 
he went to Middletown, N. Y., where he was first 
with Albert Bull, wholesale and retail druggist, 
and then employed in J. Erskinc Mills' drug 
store three years. His next position was with 
Boericke & TafTell, the largest homeopathic 
drug manufacturers in New York City and Phil- 
adelphia, with, whom he remained for two years, 
opening their pharmacy in Washington, D. C. 

Later, while in charge of their \\ ahiut Street, 
Philadelphia, pharmacy, he attended the College 
of Anatomy & Surgery, from which he gradu- 
ated. He also took two courses in Columbia 
University medical department at Washington, 
after which he entered the Hahnemann College, 
Philadelphia, and graduated there in 1889, with 
the degree of M. D. He then purchased the 
pharmacy owned by his former employer and 
opened an office at Ninth and K Streets, where 
he practiced his profession and managed the 
store until 1892, selling out at that time on ac- 
count of the climate. 

Alive to everything that pertains to his profes- 
sion. Dr. Roberts is connected with the Ameri- 
can Institute of Homeopathy, the Washington 
Medical .Society, the Northeastern Pennsylvania 
Homeopathic Medical Society; the Homeopathic 
Clinical Society of Scranton, of which he was the 
originator and the first president; and the Inter- 
State Plomeopathic Medical Society, which meets 
semi-annually at Binghamton, and of which he 
was the first vice-president and the second presi- 
dent. Before these organizations he has at vari- 
ous times read papers upon important topics. 
While in Washington he was connected with dif- 
ferent hospitals and dispensaries, thus gaining 
the practical experience that prepared him for 
active and successful practice. His office is in the 
Board of Trade Building, and his residence at 
No. 638 Washington Avenue. Politically he is a 
Republican, and religiously a member of the 
Presbyterian Church. He was married in Mid- 
dletown to Miss Mary Dunning, who was born 
and educated in New York City. 

CHARLES E. RETTEW. The family of 
which this well known resident of Car- 
bondale is a representative has long been 
identified with the history of America, and suc- 
cessive generations by their patriotic spirit and 
successful lives have made the name respected 
and honC'red. The first of the family to come to 
America was the great-grandfather of Charles E., 
a native of Wales, who secured a large tract of 
land fmm William Penn and established his home 
in the then wilderness of Chester County. Three 



times married, by each union he had two chil- 
dren. Little is known of his personal character- 
istics, but it may safely be assumed that he was a 
man of great energy, fearless disposition and 
strength of will, else he would not have left his 
native land and braved the hardships of life amid 
adverse surroundings. 

The grandfather of our subject, Charles Ret- 
tew, was born in Chester County, Pa., and in ad- 
dition to cultivating a farm kept a country hotel 
that was situated on his place. His son, Robert, 
also a native of Chester County, was born July 
16, iSifi, and throughout life engaged in farming, 
at various times holding local offices of trust. 
He died at his home place June i, 1894. The 
mother of our subject, Phoebe Ann, was born in 
Berks County, Pa., September 13, 1824, and died 
in Chester County December 4, 1885. In reli- 
gious belief she was identified with the Baptist 
Church. She was a daughter of Benjamin Smith, 
who came of an old Quaker family, but left that 
faith and united with the Baptist Church; he 
married a Miss Bailey, residing near Danville, 
who was a member of a family noted for long- 
evity, one of her brothers dying at the age of one 
hundred and eight, another at one hundred and 
three, and a third when ninety-six. 

The family of Robert and Phoebe A. Rettew 
consists of six children, namely: Charles E., the 
eldest: Smith B., who is connected with the ma- 
chine works in Wilmington, Del. : Robert F., a 
machinist in Baltimore; Jacob, a carpenter in 
Philadelphia; Sarah E., wife of Leonard Fresh- 
colm, a farmer in Chester County; and Martha 
J., whose husband, Alfred Geiger, is a farmer in 
Berks C<iunty, though previous to his marriage 
engaged in teaching school. The early years of 
our subject were spent in Lancaster County, Pa., 
where he was born May 14, 1847. At the age of 
eighteen he started out to make his own way in 
life, working at first for fifty cents per day. He 
entered the service of the Philadelphia & Reading 
Railroad as an apprentice. After serving his ap- 
prenticeship he worked there as a journeyman 
for some time and might have continued with the 
company mr.ny years, but his friend and fellow- 
apprentice, George Britton, who had gone to the 
war and returned in 1865, subsequently met with 

a series of misfortunes, amongst others long sick- 
ness occasioned by the loss of one of his eyes by 
an accident in the shops. When the men were 
put on half time through scarcity of work, Mr. 
Rettew generously and voluntarily gave up his 
position in order that his friend might work full 
tim.e, and thus l)e enabled to recuperate his losses 
and help a widowed mother. He did not see his 
friend again for ten years, and then but once, as 
soon afterward he was accidentally killed in the 
railroad yards in Philadelphia. 

Mr. Rettew filled successively the positions of 
fireman with the Lehigh Valley road, locomotive 
engineer on that road, the Baltimore & Ohio, and 
the Morris & Essex, foreman in machine shops 
of the Long Island Railroad, passenger engineer 
on the same road for one year, engineer in ;harge 
of Long Island City improvements, and foreman 
for live years in erecting the shops of the Bald- 
win locomotive works in Philadelphia, after which 
he spent six months in traveling for the same 
works. Later for a time he was in charge of the 
rolling stock and machine shops of the Mexican 
and Morrello; Railroad in Alexico. 

December i, 1885, Mr. Rettew came to Car- 
bondale. where he has since held the position of 
ma:.ter mechanic of the Pennsylvania Division 
of the Delaware & Hudson Railroad and of the 
locomotive shops. His entire active life having 
been spent in the railroad business, he is thor- 
oughly familiar with every detail of its different 
branches. He is a hard worker, a careful man- 
ager, and very popular wath the army of men in 
his employ. In addition to his duties in connec- 
tion with the railroad, he is interested in some 
local enterprises, and is president of the Sperl 
Heater Company, an extensive manufacturing 
concern. Fraternally he is a Knight of Pythias 
and a Knights Templar Mason. In 1873 he mar- 
ried Alice Card, daughter of a prominent con- 
tractor of Easton, Pa. Tliey have four children: 
Charles H., who is connected with the Van Ber- 
gen Company, Limited; Robert Stanley, who is 
employed in the Miners & Mechanics Bank; 
George Burnham, and Anna Grace, who are at- 
tending school. 

In 1889 the Republican friends of Mr. Rettew 
determined to run him for mayor of Carbondale. 


There w as hut little hope of his election, for two 
score years iiad passed since a Republican had 
been successful in winning that office, but he ac- 
cepted the nomination. His personal popularity 
anioiif; the workins^'inen of the city, as well as the 
better classes of both parties, gave him the elec- 
tion by a good-sized majority. It is said that he 
was one of the best mayors the city has ever liad. 
During his adminstration of three years many of 
the present substantial improvements were made. 
The city hall was commenced, as well as other 
imprt vinients that added much to the place. To 
this pcsition he carried the same spirit of industry 
that has ever characterized him. Both in public 
and private life he is e.xact, methodical and judi- 
cious, and has guarded well the best interests of 
his fellow citizens and tcswn. 

G EDGAR DEAN, M. D. Through study 
in the best institutions of this country 
• and abroad, Dr. Dean has acquired a 
broad fund of professional knowledge that en- 
titles him to front rank among the specialists, not 
only of Scranton, but the entire state as well. Ik- 
has been very successful in the treatment of dis- 
eases of the eye, ear, nose and throat, and in 
addition to his private practice in these branches, 
holds the position of oculist to Lackawanna Hos- 

In North Abington Township, Lackawanna 
(then Luzerne) County, Pa., the subject of this 
article was born, October 27, 1853, and is the 
youngest .son of Isaac D. and Polly (Heermans) 
Dean, tlis father, who engaged in farm pursuits 
and also in the lumber and meat business, came 
to Providence about 1868 and has since lived 
here in retirement. He was a son of James Dean, 
and further information concerning the family 
may be found in the sketch of W. A. Dean, pre- 
sented elsewhere. 

The next to the youngest of six children, Dr. 
Dean was reared in his native place until fourteen 
years of age, after whicli he resided in Scranton 
and attended the Providence high school, then 
studierl in Starkey's .Seminary on Seneca Lake, 
New York, for two and one-third years. After- 
ward he went to Minnesota and taught school in 

Tanesville, Waseca County, then spent a few 
months at Junction City, Kan., and for one year 
at Ft. Edward Collegiate Institute on the Hud- 
son. In the fall of 1874 he entered the medical 
department of the University of Pennsylvania, 
v,herc he studied for three years, graduating in 
Alarch. 1877, with ibu degree of IM. D. During 
the summer months he spent his time in Phila- 
delphia studying with his preceptors and in vari- 
ous hospitals. For thirteen months after gradu- 
ating he was resident physician to the Protestant 
Episco]:)al Hospital in Philadelphia. Overwork 
resulted in nervous prostration and spinal con- 
gestion, which obliged him to cease his profes- 
sional labors for about two years, until he be- 
came .strong enough to resume. 

In the fall of 1880 Dr. Dean opened an office 
in Scranton, where he engaged in general prac- 
tice until 1887, giving special attention to the 
cHseases of the eye and ear, and since then has 
devoted his time exclusively to diseases of the 
eye, ear, nose and throat. In 1883 he was elected 
county coroner on the Republican ticket by a 
majority of seven hundred and forty-five, the 
largest majority ever developed for a Republican 
candidate up to that date. He served in that 
capacity until Januan,', 1887. In May, 1887, he 
went to Europe for the purpose of special study 
and travel, and took lecture courses in Vienna, 
Berlin, Heidelberg and Stuttgart, also visited 
hospitals in other places. He was present at the 
Queen's jubilee in London, the sixteenth century 
celebration in Amsterdam, the Pope's jubilee in 
Rome, and the burial of Kaiser William in Ber- 
lin, returning home on the "Etruria," that made 
the best record for speed ever reached up to that 
time. On his return to Scranton he began prac- 
tice as an oculist, auristand laryngologist, and 
now has a large practice, his office being at No. 
616 Spruce Street. 

While in Berlin, Dr. Dean formed the ac- 
quaintance of the lady whom he married in 
Scranton April 16, 1889. She was Miss Jo- 
sephine Ginsberg, daughter of Adolph Gins- 
berg, a silver and gold refiner of Berlin. Dr. 
and Mrs. Dean are members of the Second 
Presbyterian Church and Reformed Episcopal 
Church, respectively, lie has important profes- 






sional connections, being identified with the 
Physicians' Ckib, Lackawanna County Medical 
Society, State Medical Association, American 
and Pan-American JNIedical Societies. Before 
these various organizations he has read papers 
pertaining to his specialties, and has also fre- 
quently contributed articles to the "Ophthalmic 
Record." A number of these have been reprinted 
in pamphlet form for distribution among the pro- 
fession, two of the most important and complete 
being "Every Day Muscle-test Work, with Ex- 
planation of the Best Light and Apparatus," and 
"The Etiology and Early Management of Glau- 
coma." In the former is contained an explana- 
tion of his adaptation of electric light for use in 
connection with the hand phorometer. His opin- 
ions on every phase of the subjects of which he 
has made a specialty are regarded with respect 
by the profession and have been of the greatest 
benefit to others whose advantages in study have 
been less than his. He is a successful specialist, 
a man of broad intellect and keen insight, who 
has attained prominence solely through his un- 
aided exertions in his chosen profession. 

ANDREW MITCHELL, a retired business 
man of Carbondale, is the last survivor of 
a family of sixteen children. He was born 
November 22, 1831, in Grangemouth, Stirling- 
shire, Scotland, where his father, Michael Mitch- 
ell, carried on the business of ship joiner and 
builder. Among the many contracts executed by 
him was the cabin and paddles of the "Charlotte 
Dundas," or "Old Comet" as some called it, built 
at the Carron Iron Works by Symington, and 
which was used to draw ships along the Forth and 
Clyde Canal, but the washing away of the banks 
by the violent agitation of the water, created by 
the paddles, caused its withdrawal, and its being 
laid up at Lock 16, near Falkirk, for many years. 
Here Robert Fulton visited it and took drawings 
of its machinery which he carried with him to 
America and made use of in the construction of 
the celebrated "Clermont." Mr. Mitchell fre- 
quently visited the old boat during the years of 
his childhood. 

At the age of twenty-one years, accompanied 

by his widowed mother and youngest sister, he 
came to New York and shortly after went to the 
island of Cuba, where he remained twelve years. 
, There he took charge of some of the largest sugar 
plants, drawing out plans for and overseeing the 
erection of all the machinery required in that 
business, giving such com])lete satisfaction that 
he commanded the highest salary the island af- 
forded, and which was not a small one. While 
there he had yellow fever, which nearly proved 
fatal, as it had some years before to a brother in 
the island of Jamaica. On one occasion he was 
one of five white men on a plantation with one 
thousand negroes. The latter had planned an 
uprising to take place at midnight, when the 
white men were to be assassinated; the plot was 
discovered and ten minutes before the time the 
Spanish cavalry from the nearest garrison rode 
in like a whirlwind and seized the ringleaders, 
which was the first intimation Mr. Mitchell had 
of his danger. On another occasion he, with a 
brother-in-law, had gone over to the small town' 
of Miryel, from the estate of ]Mir\-el which be- 
longed to the old Spanish general, Picero. While 
paying for some articles purchased he incautious- 
ly pulled from his pocket a handful of gold coins. 
While replacing them he noticed there were sev- 
eral evil-looking men lounging around. They had 
left the town but a short distance when the clat- 
tering of hoofs behind told them tiiey were pur- 
sued. Intuitively divining the cause, they put 
spurs to their horses and fortunately took the 
right hand road, which skirted one side of an im- 
passable morass, while their pursuers, just miss- 
ing them at the cross roads, struck ofif on the 
left. At one point pursued and pursuers came in 
sight of each other, when the latter raised their 
arms and shook their machetes, or large knives, 
at the former, thereby letting them know what 
they might expect when they could lay hands on 
them, but providentially they reached the con- 
fines of the Miryel estate first and the others were 
afraid to follow. Had there been a Spaniard of 
the estate with them, as there always had been 
previously, they would not have been disturbed, 
but being alone they were considered fit objects 
of plunder and consequently of murder also, for 
these descendants of pirates in those days were 



not willing to work hard enough to make an hon- 
est living, where nature made it very easy for 
them to do so, and looked upon the possessor of 
gold as their lawful prey and fully believed that 
"dead men told no tales.'' 

The General Picero before mentioned insisted 
that Queen \'ictoria had not a better appointed 
table than his, which Mr. Mitchell did not doubt, 
for every obtainable epicurean delicacy of the 
world was on it. One day he exhibited with pride 
to Mr. Mitchell a rarity which the latter did not 
greatly appreciate, as it was only a fine specimen 
of a common apple, but very uncommon there. 
The old general carefully cut it into dice form 
and passed it around the large table that all might 
have a taste. The last large importation of slaves 
from Africa arrived at Estate Alava while Mr. 
Mitchell was there, for slaves were sometimes 
smuggled into the island even at this date, in 
spite of the international law existing to the con- 
trary. He tells many other interesting anecdotes 
■ of his life in Cuba. 

In 1865 Mr. Mitchell settled in Carbondale, 
where he had frequently visited before, and en- 
tered into partnership w ith the late Jolm .Stuart 
in his foundry on Seventh Avenue. He soon 
afterward sold out his interest in the business 
and with the late John Gorman ami Joseph Alex- 
ander bought part of the land between Salem 
Avenue and the City Park which had been, short- 
ly before, completely swept over by one of the 
large fires with which Carbondale used to be 
afiflicted. After selling off lots in Main Street 
and Salem Avenue, the Keystone Block was 
erected under his personal supervision. Half of 
this block belongs to him, as does also the Globe 
store, and one-half of the Opera House block. 

September 5, 1866, Mr. Mitchell was united in 
marriage with Miss Mary H. Jeffrey (whose father 
was Alexander G. Douglas, of Paisley, Scotland, 
but her parents separating shortly before her 
birth, and her mother resuming her own name, she 
was adopted by her maternal uncle, Andrew Jeff- 
rey). This union resulted in the birth of five sons 
and six daug'nters, viz.: Miguel Douglas; Christi- 
na May, now the wife of H. H. Major (they have 
two children, Helen Eudora and Andrew Mitch- 
ell); Andrew Jeffrey ; Marguerite Muirhcad, now 

the wife of Frank M. Garney, of Kingston, Lu- 
zerne County; Robert Duncan; Helen Ada; 
Alexander McLeod; Virginia Cassells, who died 
in infancy; Isabella Wyllie, Florida Fowler and 
Donald Clyde. 

In 1870 ]\Ir. Mitchell bought, from Stephen 
Torry, land in the eastern part of the city of Car- 
bondale, partly fronting on Canaan Street. This 
he laid out in lots, with two good streets and an 
alley. These lots sold quickly and on the greater 
portion of them he erected substantial homes for 
the purchasers, giving them all the time they 
wished to pay for them; he also built a large 
planing mill, thereby giving to the city of Car- 
bondale $50,000 worth of taxable property on 
what was before waste common. This planing 
mill, which did a large business, was struck by 
lightning on the 2d of July, 1885, and completely 
wiped out, together with the lumber yard, sheds 
and contents, involving a loss of $12,000, with 
no insurance. Neat homes now occupy the site. 
Mr. Mitchell is proud of the fact that he has 
helped a great many men to get homes for them- 
selves and that he never oppressed any one of 
them for payment. He has served one term in 
the select council, but refused nomination for a 
second term. He also refused nomination for 
mayor, and while thoroughly appreciating the 
esteem of his fellow citizens, preferred a quiet 
home life. The Andrew Mitchell Hose Company 
is named after him and it has established such a 
good reputation as a fire extinguisher, and is 
composed of such fine specimens of young man- 
hood that he is justly proud of the honor. 

Mr. Mitchell has always been pleased to help 
on public improvements. In religious belief he 
is a Presbyterian, politically he votes the Repub- 
lican ticket, but does not confine himself to it 
when he considers the opposing candidate the 
best man for the public interest; and in fraternal 
relations lie is identified with the Masons. 

THOMAS T. MORGAN, who served the 
fifteenth ward of Scranton as alderman for 
sixteen years, was born in Ton-y-Ravil, 
on the Taf River, Glamorganshire, Wales, in 
1835. Pie is a son of Thomas, whose father, 



William Morgan, was a lifelong resident of his 
native shire, Glamorgan, where he died at eighty- 
six years. The former learned the shoemaker's 
trade in Wales and in 1865 came to America, 
settling in Hyde Park, Scranton, where he died 
at the age of eighty-five. He chose as his wife 
Miss Janet Williams, a native of Ton-y-Ravil, 
Glamorganshire, and the daughter of Isaac Wil- 
liams, who spent his life in farming pursuits and 
died at eighty-t\vo years. Mrs. Janet Morgan 
died in Wales, having been the mother of three 
children, of whom Thomas T. is the only sur- 
vivor and the only one who came to the United 

Reared in Wales, the subject of this sketch 
learned the shoemaker's trade under the super- 
vision of his father. In 1862 he went to Liver- 
pool and took passage on the sailer, "Harvest 
Queen," which cast anchor in New York Cit>' 
after a voyage of five weeks. He proceeded at 
once to Scranton and for six months worked at 
his tiade, after which he was employed in the 
coal mines of the Delaware, Lackawanna & 
Western Company, and became a practical miner. 
In 1879 he was appointed alderman from the fif- 
teenth ward to fill a vacancy in that office and 
was commissioned by Governor Hoyt. The fol- 
lowing year he was elected on the Republican 
ticket to the same office and was commissioned 
by the same governor. In 1875 he was re-elected 
and commissioned by Governor Pattison. Five 
years later he was again elected and was com- 
missioned by Governor Beaver. In May, 1895, 
after sixteen years of service, he retired from the 
office, but still continues as notary and convey- 
ancer, in connection with the life insurance busi- 
ness. Since 1895 he has been tax collector. 

In Scranton Mr. Morgan married Miss Caro- 
line Gore, daughter of Thomas Gore, both na- 
tives of Radnorshire, Wales. Her father, who 
was a son of Henry Gore, a farmer, came to this 
country in 1861 and later brought his family to 
Scranton, where he was employed as. a miner 
until his death. Mr. and Mrs. Morgan, with 
their two children, Mary and Morbydd, reside at 
No. 506 South Main Avenue. In former years 
our subject was connected with the Ivorites. He 
is in sympathy with Republican principles and 

has served on city and county committees. In 
the labor reform movement in this state he has 
taken an active part and has served on the state 
and other committees. In 1872 he was elected 
a delegate to the convention of the Labor Reform 
party, when David Davis, of Illinois, was nomi- 
nated for president, and Joel Parker, of New 
Jersey, for vice-president. 

D WIGHT MILLS. In the suburbs of the 
city of Carbondale, on a hill overlooking 
the place and commanding a splendid 
view, stands the pleasant home of Dwight Mills, a 
well known resident of Fell Township and a suc- 
cessful farmer and dairyman. Mr. Mills is a mem- 
ber of one of the oldest families of the county and 
was born July 13, 1839, in what is now Fell 
Township, then a part of Carbondale. His par- 
ents, Theodore and Maria (Smith) Mills, spent 
their entire lives in this locahty, and died at the 
respective ages of sixty-seven and eighty. Of 
their seven children four are living, namely: 
John Edwards, a farmer living near Cr\'stal Lake 
in this township; Dwight; Mary E., who lives in 
Elmira, N. Y. ; and Maria, a resident of \'anetten, 
N. Y. 

In boyhood our subject attended the district 
schools as he had opportunity and also spent one 
term in the Carbondale schools. Though not a 
graduate, yet he is well educated, mainly by self- 
instruction, and is well read in general literature 
and political economy. From a very early age 
he began to assist in the cultivation of the home 
farm, and on the death of his father he succeeded 
to the management of the estate. He has never 
been away from home for any extended period 
except the nine months he spent in the army. In 
1862 he enlisted as a member of Company H, 
One Hundred and Seventy-seventh Pennsylvania 
Infantry, and went to the front, but unfortunately 
was taken ill and obliged to remain in a hospital 
for three months. On the expiration of his term 
of enlistment he returned home and resumed the 
peaceful avocations of life. 

The Mills family is one of the best known in 
this township. Tlie first of the name here was our 
subject's grandfather, John Mills, who came to 



the county in an early day and settled in the 
midst of the forest, clearing and improving a 
valuable farm. Agriculture has been the prin- 
cipal occupation of the family and in it they have 
gained a competency. Since boyhood our sub- 
ject has watched with interest the development 
of this locality and especially the growth of Car- 
bondale, which he has seen increase in popula- 
tion until it is now an important city. Like all 
old soldiers, he is a warm friend of the Grand 
Army and interested in its work. Politically he 
is a Republican. 

By his marriage to Helen Fuder, of Carbon- 
dale' Mr. Mills had three children, of whom IMary 
is the only one now living. After the death of his 
first wife, he was united in marriage with Miss 
Mary C. Smith, who was born in York state. 
Thev are the parents of three children, Leonard 
Dwight, Grace and Lois. 

SPRUKS BROTHERS. This firm, which 
is composed of Thomas H., Henry J., and 
Stephen S. Spruks, ranks among the lead- 
ing business concerns of Scranton, the members 
being successful contractors and dealers in lum- 
ber and building material, with office at No. 519 
Alder Street. During the time in which they 
have been engaged in business they have estab- 
lished a reputation as honest and honorable busi- 
ness men and have built up a large trade in their 
special line. 

The father of our subjects, John Spruks, was 
born in Paderborn, Westphalia, Germany, and 
was a son of John, Sr., a native of the same prov- 
ince, and a builder and lumberman by occupa- 
tion. The latter brought his family to America 
and spent some time in New York and Pennsyl- 
vania, but afterward removed to the vicinity of 
St. Louis, Mo., where he died. John, Jr., learned 
the carpenter's trade in Germany and in early 
manhood came to America, settling on Staten 
Island, where he married. Later he bought a 
farm at Beach Lake, Wayne County, Pa., but 
after cultivating it some years, he retired from 
active work and removed to Honesdalc, where he 
still resides. .At this writing he is quite rugged 
and hearty, though now seventy-four years of 

age. His wife, Ilaiinah I'cnner, was born in 
Beidefeld, Westphalia, Germany, whence she ac- 
companied her father to America and settled in 
Stroudsburg, Pa. They were the parents of ten 
children: Thomas H., member of the firm of 
Spruks Brothers; Mrs. Josephine Huber, of 
Wayne County; John A., a merchant in Hones- 
dale ; David, a wholesale merchant of Scranton ; 
Henry J. and Stephen S., belonging to the firm 
of Spruks Brothers; Mrs. Anna Huber, of Wayne 
County; Bertha, wife of Charles Mueller, of 
Brooklyn; Charles, who is bookkeeper for his 
brothers; and Dena, who died when less than six 

years of age. 

Henry J. Spruks was born at Beach Lake, 
near Honesdale, Pa., November 21, 1862, and 
was reared on a farm. January 9, 1884, he came 
to Scranton and for six months drove a team 
for the Lackawanna Iron & Coal Company. 
Later he learned the carpenter's trade with his 
brother, Thomas, then in business here. After 
continuing in that way for two years the firm of 
.Spruks Brothers was organized and at the same 
time they started the lumber business in connec- 
tion with contracting. They occupy a quarter of 
a block in Alder Street, between Prospect and 
Pittston Avenues, where they have a lumber yard. 
They also have two blocks on the main line of 
the Erie Railroad, where they have sheds and 
conduct a retail coal business, the latter being 
under the firm name of Spruks & Gibbons. They 
prepare plans and specifications and contract for 
all kinds of buildings, having built up the greater 
portion of this locality. Besides a large number 
of the best residences of the city, they built two 
schoolhouses. Nos. 22 and 37, the Scranton axle 
factory, the Lutheran and Polish churches, and 
other buildings. They are interested in the 
Scranton axle works, Stephen S. being a director 
in the company. They are also interested in the 
Alleghany Lumber Company, operating in North 
Carolina. Henry is the largest stockholder in 
the Eureka Lumber Company, of Washington, 
N. C, which manufactures yellow pine and 
cypress lumber. He was married in Scranton to 
Miss Lena Baumeister, who was born here and 
is a daughter of Joseph Baumeister, an employe 
of the Delaware, Lackawanna & Western road 



in this city- They are tlae parents of two cliil- 
dren, Hazel and Charles. Henry is a trustee in 
the Athletic Society, president of the Royal Ar- 
canum, member of the Patriotic Order Sons of 
America, and of Hose Company No. 10, in 
which he has been foreman and treasurer. Po- 
litically he is a Democrat, and in religious mat- 
ters belongs to the Presbyterian Church. 

Stephen S. Spruks was born at Beach Lake, 
February 8. 1865, and was reared on his father's 
farm, attending the neighboring schools. He re- 
mained at home until seventeen, after which he 
clerked for the firm of Spruks Brothers, grocers 
at Honesdale. The business was sold out in 
1885 and he then came to Scranton, where he 
became a partner of his brothers Thomas and 
Henry. He was one of the organizers of the 
Scranton axle works and is a director of the 
company, which employs one hundred hands. 
In the old Scranton Lumber Company he served 
as president until the concern was consolidated 
with the Alleghany Lumber Company, since 
which time he has been a director. He assisted 
in organizing the Eureka Lumber Company and 
is one of its directors. In this city he married 
Louise Miller, daughter of Michael Miller, an 
undertaker of Scranton. In 1890 he was elected 
county auditor on the Democratic ticket and 
three years later was re-elected for another term. 
He is a member of the city Democratic com- 
mittee, formerly belonged to the county commit- 
tee, and twice served as a delegate to state con- 
ventions of the Democratic party. He is identi- 
fied with the Athletic Association, the Saenger- 
bunde, the Independent Order of Odd Fellows, 
the Patriotic Order Sons of America, and Cen- 
tury Hose Company No. 10, of which he has 
been president since its organization. 

EDWIN G. SMITH, Civil and Mining En- 
gineer for the firm of Bartl & Smith, 
Scranton, was born in Norwich, Chenango 
County, N. Y., December 17, 1863, and is a son 
of Charles Y. and Elizabeth (Bliven) Smith, na- 
tives respectively of Rhode Island and Connecti- 
cut. His father, wlio was a son of a farmer ot 
Rhode Island, went to New York City in early 

manhood and engaged in milling and later was 
at the old Beaver mill in Williamsport, Pa. After- 
ward for a few years he was engaged in business 
in North Carolina, but finally returned north and 
now resides in Scranton. During the Civil War 
he was corporal of Company F, Twenty-second 
New York Infantry. He was the only son in his 
father's family'and has not a relative in the world 
by the name of Smith, aside from his son, our 

The maternal grandfather of our subject, Wil- 
liam D. Bliven, was born in Hartford, Conn., 
where he was a millwright and miller. From that 
place he moved, by wagon, with his family to ' 
Chenango County, N. Y., where he owned and 
operated five mills on Yorktown Creek. Though 
now advanced in years, he still attends to his 
business affairs and superintends his large farm. 
He is one of the oldest surviving settlers of Che- 
nango County, of which he was at one time super- 
visor and in which he has long been prominent. 
In religion he is identified with the Free Will 

In the family of Charles V. Smith there were 
six sons, but most of them died in childhood and 
Edwin G., the eldest, is the only survivor. He 
attended the public and high schools of Norwich, 
and the high school at Scranton, to which place 
he came with his parents in 1878. In 1880 he 
entered the engineer's department of the Dela- 
ware, Lackawanna & Western Railroad, working 
under Chief Engineer John F. Snyder until 1890. 
In the mean time, through private instruction un- 
der Prof. J. F. Hawker, he gained a thorough 
knowledge of mathematics and civil engineering. 
It is worthy of note that his present partner, E. A. 
Bartl, entered the employ of the Delaware, Lack- 
awanna & Western in 1881, and the two gentle- 
men have been together ever since. 

In 1S90 Mr. Smith went to the Pittsburg min- 
ing regions at Irwin, Pa., as mining engineer for 
the Westmoreland Coal Company. He also had 
charge of the mines of the Manor Gas Coal Com- 
pany. While there he opened up two of the com- 
pany's new mines. In 1894, on account of his 
wife's ill health, he resigned his position and re- 
turned to Scranton. Here he formed a partner- 
ship with Edmund A. Bartl, locating at No. 404 



Lackawanna Avenue and actively entering upon 
his work as civil and mining engineer. Some of 
his contracts have been large and important, in- 
cluding railroads, sewers and water works, and 
seven skilled men are employed as assistants. 

In Scranton Mr. Smith married Miss Mary C. 
Green, who was born in Columbia, N. J., daugh- 
tei of James F. Green, now superintendent of 
the Continental mines for the Delaware, Lack- 
awanna & Western Railroad. She is a member 
of a family that was identified with the history of 
New Jersey for many generations, her great- 
grandfather having settled and entered land in 
■ Warren County. Of her marriage a son was 
born, Roland Green Smith. Fraternally Mr. 
Smith is a member of the Knights of Pythias, 
Royal Arcanum, Independent Order of Odd Fel- 
lows and Society of Mining Engineers, and in 
politics he votes the Republican ticket. For three 
years he served in tlie old Columbia Fire Com- 
pany, of which he was financial secretary. Prior 
to his removal to western Pennsylvania he was 
for three years a mcmlDcr of Company C, Thir- 
teenth Regiment, Pennsylvania National Guard. 

member of the firm of Wonnacott & Peck, 
proprietors of the steam laundry at No. 
20 Salem Avenue, Carbondale. Notwithstanding 
the fact that he started in business here during 
the financial depression and has suffered some- 
what from the hard times that ensued, he has 
nevertheless built up a good trade among the 
people of the city and has dmibled the original 
amount of business. He has succeeded in grasp- 
ing every detail connected with its management 
and has increased the patronage to such an ex- 
tent that eleven girls and four men are now em- 

The father of our subject, Daniel Wonnacott, 
was born in England, emigrated thence to Amer- 
ica at the age of thirteen years, and for more than 
forty years has been a trusted employe of the 
Delaware & Hudson Railroad Company, his res- 
idence at present being in Waymart, Pa. By his 
union with Minerva Jane Bunnell, a native of 
Pennsylvania, he became the father of eight chil- 

dren, of whom si.x are living, namely: Eugene 
A., baggage master on the Delaware & Hudson 
Railroad; Zegonia, living in Waymart; Emma, 
wife of D. B. Robbins, of Carbondale; Ulysses 
S.; Minnie, Mrs. B. M. Peck, of this city; and 
Oscar, who works for his brother 'n the laundry. 

Born in Waymart, January 25, 1868, the sub- 
ject of this sketch was given a good opportunity 
for acquiring an education in the excellent 
schools of his native place. When a boy he was 
employed in carrying water for a gang of men 
on the railroad and in this way earned his first 
money. The most of the time between the ages 
of thirteen and nineteen he was employed on the 
Gravity branch of the Delaware & Hudson Rail- 
road, and during this period attended school 
whenever possible. Going to Avoca, he was em- 
ployed as clerk for the Florence Coal Company 
about two years, and then went to Troy, N. Y., 
where he clerked for Jones Brothers' Tea Com- 
pany a year. On coming to Carbondale, he was 
employed in the store of Byron Clark. Through 
his experience in different lines of business and 
under dififcrent circumstances, he became familiar 
with human nature, of which he is a good judge, 
and also Ijecame an expert in bookkeeping and 
clerical work. He then bought an interest in the 
steam laundry with which he is now connected. 

Politically Mr. Wonnacott has always advo- 
cated Republican principles and never fails to up- 
hold its doctrines by his ballot and influence. 
His marriage, in 1895, united him with Miss 
Jennie Aunger, of this city, and they, with their 
daughter Dorothy, have a comfortable home at 
No. 52 Wyoming Street. 

perintendent of the Scranton Iron Fence 
«& Manufacturing Company, was born in 
Berlin, Prussia, April 7, 1862, and is a son of 
Frederick and Minnie (Schreib) Kruegermann, 
natives respectively of Magdeburg and Oeden- 
burg, Germany. His father, who worked upon a 
farm in boyhood, was in early life apprenticed to 
the locksmith's trade and afterward removed 
from Afagdeburg to Berlin, where he manufac- 
tured all kinds of iron work for twenty years. He 



then came to America and settled in Bethlehem, 
Pa., where he engaged in the manufacture of 
ornamental iron work. His wife died in 1869, 
and of their three children two are living, Fred- 
erick G. and Antonia, Mrs. E. G. Keuhling, of 
South Bethlehem. 

Educated in public and private schools of Ber- 
lin, the subject of this sketch began an apprentice- 
ship, at the age of fourteen, to the locksmith's 
trade in an establishment for the manufacture of 
general iron work in Berlin. There he remained 
for four years. Afterward, as a journeyman, he 
traveled through Hanover, Rhine Province, Oed- 
enburg. Saxony, Schleswig-Holstein and other 
provinces, becoming a practical machinist through 
long experience. In the spring of 1882 he went to 
Glasgow, .Scotland, where he was employed for 
two years in the ship yards. Thence going to Ire- 
land, he took passage soon afterward for Amer- 
ica and on landing in New York went at once to 
Allentown, Pa. His first position was in the 
Bethlehem Iron Works under John Foitz. in 
the machine shop, where he remained until De- 
cember, 1884. 

Coming at that time to Scranton, Mr. Krueger- 
mann was for two months employed as machinist 
in the ClifT works of the Dickson Manufacturing- 
Company. In the spring of 1885 he started in 
the general iron and ornamental fence business 
in Franklin Avenue, and the following year lo- 
cated in \A^ashington Avenue, where he built his 
works. The business was incorporated, in July, 
1892, as the Scranton Iron Fence & Manufac- 
turing Company, in which he has since been a 
stockholder and the general superintendent. At 
the same time the location was changed to Lack- 
awanna Avenue and Mattes Street. After one 
year the present location was secured, Nos. 1335- 
37 Capouse Avenue, where the company has a 
shop, 50x121, with a wing 30x60, and boiler and 
engine house adjoining. From forty to fifty 
hands are usually employed. Fancy iron work, 
railings, grille work of every description, and 
wire screens of all kinds are manufactured here, 
and the business is upon a solid financial basis. 

In this city Mr. Kruegermann married Miss 
Mary Mans, a native of Schuylkill County, and 
a daughter of Jacob Maus, who was born in 

Oedenburg, Germany, emigrated thence to Penn- 
sylvania and was engaged for some years as a 
hotel keeper in Scranton. One child, Emma, 
blesses the union. The family residence is at No. 
1366 Washington Avenue. For four years Mr. 
Kruegermann was a member of Company D, 
Thirteenth Regiment, P. N. G, and is now an 
honorary member of the General Phinney En- 
gine Company No. 4, also belongs to the Order of 
Heptasophs. As a Republican, he has frequent- 
ly served on county and city committees, and has 
been delegate to conventions of the party. 
Among the contracts which he has had may be 
mentioned those for the iron work on the post- 
office building, Lackawanna County jail, T. H. 
Watkin's fence, the Dunmore cemetery, where 
six thousand feet of fencing are used ; Delaware 
& Hudson depot, a very important contract; 
Washburn cemetery, the German Catholic ceme- 
teries at Petersburg and Dunmore, schoolhouses 
Nos. 27, 19, 36 and 37, Con Schroeder's residence, 
the Moses Taylor Hospital, Lackawanna Hos- 
pital, and the residences of Victor Koch. William 
Connell and William T. Smith. 

CHRISTIAN STORR. The business in- 
terests of Scranton have a representative 
in the subject of this sketch, who is a suc- 
cessful furniture dealer and one of the foremost 
citizens of the place. He has his place of busi- 
ness at No. 615 Cedar Avenue, in a building 
erected by himself many years ago. His biogra- 
phy, which we now review, affords an illustra- 
tion of the fact that industry and perseverance 
almost invariably bring their possessor material 
success, although he may begin in business 
without friends or capital. 

Born in Sensweiler, Rhine Province. Prussia, 
in April, 1841, our subject is a member of one of 
the old families of that locality. His great-grand- 
father. Christian Storr, who was a miller, had a 
son Christian, also a miller, who was a member 
of the army under Napoleon and took part in the 
memorable march to Russia; the latter died in 
1845, aged seventy-two. His son. Christian, our 
subject's father, was born in Rhine Province, 
where he was employed as a merchant tailor un- 



til his death in 1847; 'ic married MarA' E. Nilius, 
a native of W'irschweiler, Rhine Province, and 
daughter of Peter Nilius, a land owner and a man 
of broad learning. Our subject's mother came 
to America, married a second time, and died in 
Petersburg. Pa., in 1866. In religious belief she 
was a Lutlieran. She had two children, of whom 
the daugiitcr. Mrs. George Rosar, died in Scran- 
ton in 1893. 

At the age of fourteen, on leaving the public 
school. Christian Storr was apprenticed to the 
cabinet-maker's trade under his uncle Fred, who 
is still living in Germany. With him he contin- 
ued for two and one-half years, later spent four 
and one-half years in another town in the same 
province. Afterward he was employed in Metz, 
Strassburg, Paris and other places for three 
years. July 15, 1865, he reached New York City, 
where he worked at his trade until October, 
1865, and then, his health being poor, he decided 
to seek another location. He reached Scranton 
on the 4th of October, joining his mother and 
sister here, and securing work at his trade with 
Colvin & Kiezer, Nos. 316-318 Lackawanna Ave- 
nue. He continued with this and other firms 
until able to embark in business for himself. In 
1867 he bought his present location in Cedar 
Avenue, and two years later started in the furni- 
ture and undertaking business, building a shop 
and employing five workmen. In 1870 he built 
the three-story structure at No. 615 Cedar Ave- 
nue, which he has since occupied. He has the 
distinction of being the oldest undertaker on the 
south side and the third oldest in the city, as well 
as the oldest furniture maker in the city to-day. 
In 1885 he bought a lot in Alder Street and built 
the residence at No. 524 that he now occupies. 

While giving his attention specially to the fur- 
niture and undertaking business, ]\Ir. Storr has 
found time for other matters. In 1891 he started 
in the ice business, and for one year was with 
the Maplewood Ice Company, but that concern 
consolidating with the Consumers', he embarked 
in the business for himself in 1892. His two 
sons, Christian and Carl A., arc in charge of the 
business and have a large number of customers, 
running two teams on the south side. 

In 1866 Mr. Storr married Miss Marv Wev- 

and, who was born in Germany. Their family 
consists of five daughters and two sons, the latter 
previously mentioned, and the former named as 
follows: Matilda, wife of John Woodworth, of 
Scranton; Carrie, Mrs. Charles Dippre, of this 
city; Louisa, Mamie and Katie, who are with 
their parents. In national politics Mr. Storr is 
a Democrat. He has served on the county cen- 
tral committee, and in 1887 was elected alderman 
from the nineteenth ward, was re-elected in 1892, 
serving from ^lay, 1887, until May, 1897. The 
nomination in both instances was conferred upon 
him without solicitation, and he has never asked 
a man to vote for him, so that his election proves 
his personal popularity. He aided in organizing 
the old Germania Building & Loan Association 
and was a director until 1895. He is now presi- 
dent of the Anthracite and the Industrial Build- 
ing & Loan Associations, both on the south side, 
and is a stockholder in others. Fraternally he is 
a member of Schiller Lodge No. 345, F. & A. 
M., Residenz Lodge No. 513, I. O. O. F., and 
Nay-Aug Tribe No. 140, I. O. R. M., of which 
he is past sachem. In the organization of the 
first fire company on the south side, Neptune No. 
2, he took an active part, and was its secretary 
and president. In religious matters he is con- 
nected with the German Presbvterian Church. 

JAMES B. NICHOLSON has held the posi- 
tion of superintendent of the Carbondale 
Electric Light & Power Company since its 
organization in 1887 and has made his home in 
Carbondale since 1865, having come here at the 
age of five years. He is the son of John and 
Elizabeth (Drummond) Nicholson, the former a 
native of England and a carpenter by trade, now- 
following this occupation in Carbondale. The 
five children comprising the family are named 
Mary J., Joseph D., James B- and Annie W. 
(twins), and John Grant. 

Near Jermyn, Pa., the subject of this sketch 
was born November 19, i860. He was reared in 
the home of his uncle. Joseph Birkett, wdio gave 
him good common-school advantages. At an 
early age he began to earn his livelihood, assist- 
ing his iniclc. After a time lie besfan to work in 




building telegraph lines for E. Aliddleton, a con- 
tractor of the Postal Telegraph Company, and in 
that way he was employed for six years. His 
next employment was with the Electric Light, 
Heat & Power Company. Quick to comprehend 
any detail of business, he has proved a capable, 
employe, and justly merited his promotion to the 
position of superintendent. He thoroughly un- 
derstands his system of electric lights and their 
adjustment, and is regarded as an expert in his 
chosen occupation. 

December 14, 1888, Mr. Nicholson was united 
in marriage with Miss Mary L. Atkinson, who 
was born in Carbondale and is a refined and well- 
educated lady, possessing the friendship of a 
large circle of friends. One child, Harry B., 
blesses their union. While the business interests 
of Mr. Nicholson have been of such an engross- 
ing nature as to preclude his participation in 
public affairs, he is nevertheless interested in 
everything conducing to the prosperity of the 
people and the welfare of the nation. In casting 
his ballot he invariably supports Republican 
principles. In his fraternal relations he is a mem- 
ber of the Royal Arcanum. 

AUGUST ROBINSON, manager of E. 
Robinson Sons' brewery at Scranton. iil 
which he and his brother Charles are the 
sole proprietors, was born in Lauterecken, Ba- 
varia, the son of Hon. Jacob Robinson, also a 
native of Bavaria. His grandfather, Philip, him- 
self a successful brewer and member of a family 
that for generations has been engaged in the 
brewing business, spent his active life in the land 
of his birth, but when advanced in years joined 
his children in America and died in Scranton. 

It was in 1852 that Jacob Robinson brought 
his family to the United States and settled in 
Scranton, where he was the first man to embark 
in the brewing business. He opened a brewery 
on the south side and operated it until 1868, 
when, selling out, he went to New York City 
and became proprietor of the brewery in Turtle 
Bay now run by Oppermann. In 1875 he dis- 
posed of his interests there and returned to Scran- 
ton, where, the following year, he began the erec- 

tion of the present brewery and laid the founda- 
tion to the present extensive business. However, 
his plans were prevented from being executed by 
his death in 1877, when fifty-three years of age. 
He was a Mason and a charter member of Schil- 
ler Lodge, F. & A. M. hi most of the German 
societies of Scranton he held membership and 
took an active part. During the war he was 
elected to represent this district in the state legis- 
lature and served from 1863 to 1865. During 
that time he introduced and succeeded in having 
passed a bill separating Lackawanna from Lu- 
zerne County and it was signed by the governor, 
but was afterward defeated by the people of the 
county. He married Elizabeth Heintz, who was 
born in Bavaria and now resides at the home- 
stead in North Seventh Street. 

The sole survivors of the family of thirteen 
children are August and Charles. Another 
brother, William, who was associated with them 
in business and was a practical brewer, died in 
1893. August was reared in Scranton and re- 
ceived his education here and in New York City. 
In 1866 began his active connection with the 
business, at which time he succeeded to the 
position occupied by his uncle. Christian Robin- 
son, who had been accidentally killed by a run- 
away team. For one year he was an assistant, 
but his manifest ability soon caused his father 
to entrust him with a share in the responsibilities. 
In 1871 he went to New York City and became 
connected with the Turtle Bay brewery, but four 
years later returned to Scranton and the next 
year assisted his father in establishing the present 
business, building a power liouse and introduc- 
ing an electric plant for lighting the building. 
The location of the plant is Nos. 435-455 ^'orth 
Seventh Street. The buildings, all substantial, 
comprise brewery, storehouse, stables, boiler 
house; artificial ice plant, and offices, covering 
three acres of land. Opposite the brewery is the 
building containing the ice machinery, equal to 
the manufacture of thirty-five tons per day. The 
brine is forced through a tunnel under the street 
and distributed by myriads of small pipes into 
cellars, where the temperature is never above 
twenty degrees. The annua! output is about 
one hundred tliousand barrels. Employment is 



furnished to seventy men, and twenty teams are 
used in delivery. After the death of the father, 
Mrs. E. Rohinson conducted the business in her 
name, but in 1893 transferred her interests to her 

In addition to the business bearing his name, 
Mr. Robinson is interested in many corporations 
and has tal<en an active part in the upbuilding 
of Scranton. At this writing he is a director 
in the Scranton Savings Bank & Trust Company. 
He was married here to Miss Caroline, daughter 
of Frederick Locher, and they are the parents 
of two sons, August S. and Lewis. In 1890 he 
took a four months' trip to Germany for the pur- 
pose of recreation and six years later again vis- 
ited the old home land, also traveled in Switzer- 
land and Austria and spent some time at Carls- 
bad. While in New York he was a member of 
the Arion and Mannerchor, and has been presi- 
dent of the Liederkranz here, also a member of 
the Turn Verein and Hyde Park Mannerchor. 
From the organization of the fire department of 
Scranton he has been identified with it, and is 
also a member of the board of trade. 

The Democratic party, of which he has been 
a member ever since attaining his majority and 
with whicli he is most heartily in sympathy, rec- 
ognizes in Mr. Robinson one of its most able 
members and has reposed in him the local lead- 
ership to a large extent. While he has done as 
much toward the success of the party as anyone 
in the county, yet he asks nothing in return; in 
fact, has steadily refused to accept nomination 
for office, feeling that his business interests de- 
mand his entire attention. 

JOHN GIBBONS. An honorable record is 
a suitable subject for gratification. One 
who has begun life with no means, and by 
his industry and perseverance, with no aid ex- 
cept that given by an economical wife, has gained 
a competence and provided for his children the 
advantages which every father should aim to 
give them, may well feel pride in his record. 
Such a man is John Gibbons, who is general 
outside foreman for William Connell, of Scran- 
ton. He has held a number of important local 

positions, having for twenty-two years been con- 
stantly in office, a part of the time having two 
offices. At this writing he is a member of the 
school board. Among the positions he has held 
are those of city treasurer, member of common 
and select councils, and member of the poor 

Born in County Mayo, Ireland, our subject 
was nine years old when his father, John Gib- 
bons, a farmer by occupation, started for Amer- 
ica. Three years later, in 1852, he brought his 
children to Scranton, his wife, Bridget ]\Ioore, a 
native of Ireland, having meantime died at the 
age of about forty-five. The three sons and two 
daughters comprising the family reside in Lack- 
awanna County. The eldest son, Patrick, was a 
member of an Illinois regiment during the Civil 
War, and our subject also endeavored to enlist, 
but w-as rejected on account of an accident to his 
eye that happened when he was nine years old. 

The voyage across the Atlantic was made in 
a sailing vessel and consumed five weeks and 
four days. From New York City the family pro- 
ceeded by rail to Lackawaxen, thence by canal 
to Hawley, and from there drove to Dunmore 
and Scranton. After a brief attendance at the 
district schools, John began as a slate picker in 
1853, then for a year v.'as employed on the con- 
struction of the south division of the Delaware, 
Lackawanna & Western road, and later was on 
the Bloomingsburg division. His next work was 
as driver on the tow path of the Schuylkill Canal, 
from Pottsville via Philadelphia to New York. In 
1857 he returned to Scranton and entered the 
employ of William Connell, then foreman for 
John R. Davis. In 1872 he became foreman for 
Mr. Connell and has since continued steadily in 
his employ. He is one of the directors of the 
Scranton axle works, in the organization of which 
he was actively interested. 

The residence of Mr. Gibbons, built by himself, 
stands at No. 1902 Pittston Avenue. He was 
married in this city to Miss Mary Casey, a native 
of Carbondale and daughter of John Casey. Of 
the ten children born to this union, eight are liv- 
ing: j\Trs. Ella Connell, a widow, formerly a 
teacher; Mrs. Mary Manley, who also taught in 
Scranton prior to her marriage; John F., a grad- 



uate of the business department of Wyoming 
Seminary, now bookkeeper in the coal depart- 
ment of Wilham Connell; Theresa, a graduate 
of the high and training schools, now employed 
as teacher; Annie, a graduate of the high and 
training schools; Alice, James and Edgar. 

For more than thirty years Mr. Gibbons has 
been active in politics. He was the first school 
director in Lackawanna Township, which posi- 
tion he held until he moved into Scranton. For 
two terms he represented the twelfth ward in the 
common council, after which he represented the 
same ward upon the board of school control for 
three years. His next position was as member 
of the select council from what is now the twen- 
tieth ward, to which he was re-elected. For four 
years he served as school controller from this 
ward. In 1888 he was appointed by Judge Rice, 
of Wilkesbarre, a director of the poor board for 
this district, and served in that capacity until 
March, 1896, when he retired. In 1889 he was 
elected, on the Democratic ticket, to the office of 
city treasurer; for one year he was legislated out 
of oiifice, but made no fight for it, as he knew the 
good of the community demanded that the peo- 
ple's money not be tied up. In February, 1896, 
he was elected to the board of school control, 
in which capacity he is now serving. He was 
treasurer of the county central committee, a mem- 
ber of the city committee and has been delegate 
to county and state conventions. He is a mem- 
ber of the Ancient Order of Hibernians, St. 
John's Catholic Church and the Catholic Mutual 
Benevolent Association, and has assisted in build- 
ing both Catholic and Protestant churches, when 

EDWARD J. McHALE, who has spent his 
entire life in Carbondale and is a well 
known business man of the city, is of Irish 
parentage and descent. His father. William, was 
born in County ]\Iayo and there married Mary 
Rogan. Shortly afterward, while yet a young 
man, he came to this country in 1845 ^^id began 
to work in the mines of Lackawanna County. 
For some years before his retirement from active 
labors, he was employed as sawyer in the mines. 

and this jjosition is still in the family. Through 
his good constitution and temperate habits, he 
has been enabled to reach an advanced age in 
the enjoyment of fair health. ' More than sixty 
years ago he took the total abstinence pledge 
from Father Matthew and this he has never 
broken. He is now the oldest member of the 
Father Matthew Temperance Society. His wife 
died in 18S7, at the age of sixty-three. Their four 
children are living and are named as follows: 
Alary, wife of Michael Cox, of Carbondale ; Ann, 
Mrs. Tom Nealon, also of this city; Edward J.; 
and Bridget, the widow of John F. Grady. 

In Carbondale, where he was born May 5, 
1S50, the subject of this sketch grew to manhood. 
Though he had an opportunity to secure a good 
education, he was desirous of beginning work 
and did not therefore attend school many terms, 
his present knowledge having been obtained prin- 
cipally by observation and experience. At the 
age of thirteen he secured work as a slate picker, 
receiving forty-five cents per day, and during the 
prevalence of the war was given larger wages. 
From seventeen until twenty he was employed in 
the mines, after which he worked at blacksmith- 
ing a year and then for a similar period was a 
"wiper" for the engines of a railroad company. 
Later, for three and one-half years, he assisted 
his father, and after that embarked in the bottling 
business in 1876, continuing eleven years. His 
next enterprise was the furniture and undertaking 
business, concerning which he knew nothing on 
embarking in it, but soon learned considerable 
by experience. While in the end he secured suc- 
cess, yet he met with so many obstacles that he 
gives it his advice to young men never to enter 
a business of which they know nothing. 

After some time Mr. McHale sold out his fur- 
niture business, but he still continues the under- 
taking. With a desire to become proficient in 
the embalming process, he went to New York 
City, where he studied under Professors Sullivan, 
Underwood, and others. He holds diplomas tes- 
tifying to his thoroughness, one of which is from 
the Oriental School of Embalming in Boston. 
Long experience and study have made him thor- 
ough along this special line, and he is called 
upon to act as funeral director frequently in vari- 



ous parts of the county. He is a member of the 
Catholic Church, fraternally is identified with the 
Heptasophs, and on state and national issues 
votes the Republican ticket, but in local affairs 
casts In's ballot for the man best qualified to rep- 
resent the interests of the people. His marriage 
united him with Miss Margaret T. White, of Car- 
bondale, and they are the parents of four chil- 
dren, \\'illiam, Clarence, Florence and Gerald. 

AKjA WTLLIAMS, assistant secretary of 
the Lackawanna Iron & Steel Company 
and one of the well knpwn citizens of 
Scranton, was born here March 22, 1850, and is 
a son of Rev. John R. and Mary (Evans) Wil- 
liams, natives of Wales. His father, who was 
born in Merthyr-Tydvil, emigrated to America 
hi 1842 and settled in Scranton. where he was 
employed by Scranton & Grant, remaining with 
their successors, Scranton & Piatt and the Lack- 
awanna Iron & Steel Company. While there 
he rolled the first rails ever manufactured for 
railroads by this company, holding the position 
of boss roller until he retired. However, he is 
still interested in the business. He was born in 
October, i8i6, and is therefore eighty years of 
age. His wife died in 1869, aged fifty-Uvo years. 
Many years ago he was ordained to the ministry 
of the Welsh Calvinistic ;Mcthodist Church and 
often preached in Scranton and surrounding 
cities, being fluent in the use of both the Welsh 
and English languages. However, since his 
wife's death he has not been so active. During 
the war he was a warm supporter of the Union 

The family consisted of two children, Mrs. W. 
A. Powell, of Scranton, and Arja, of this sketch. 
The latter was reared in this city and received an 
excellent education in the public schools and 
Wyoming Seminary at Kingston, which he at- 
tended for two years, completing the classical 
course. In r868 he became a clerk for the Lack- 
awanna Iron & Steel Company, with whom he 
worked his way up from an humble position with 
small wages to a good position with correspond- 
ing salary, being finally made chief clerk. In 
February, 1894, he became assistant secretary, 

the position having been made vacant by the 
death of the former incumbent. 

In Utica, N. Y., in 1875, ^i''- Williams married 
Miss Kittie J. Rowland, who was born in New- 
York City, and they have one child, Frank Row- 
land. Airs. Williams is a daughter of Rev. Wil- 
liam Rowland, D. D., of Utica, who edited the 
first Welsh magazine, "Cyfaill," published in the 
United States. For years he was known as "the 
Welsh boy preacher," owing to the fact that he 
entered the ministry w^hen a mere lad. He held 
the pastorate at Utica for a long time and was 
probably the most prominent Welsh minister in 
the country. Always a Republican in politics, 
Mr. Williams was elected in 1893 '^^^ 1894 to 
represent the seventeenth ward in the common 
council. In 1894-95 he was collector of taxes 
for the poor district. In the Elm Park Methodist 
Episcopal Church he has held the office of trus- 
tee, and his wife is prominent in Sunday-school 
and church work. Fraternally he is connected 
with the Royal Arcaiumi, Peter Williamson 
Lodge, F. & A. M., Lackawanna Chapter, R. A. 
M., and Coeur de Lion Commandery Xo. 17, in 
which he is captain general. 

JOHN J. GORMAN, who is engaged in the 
plumbing business at No. 309 Spruce Street, 
Scranton, was born July 4, 1865, ^t the 
home of his parents, Walter and Annie (O'Don- 
nell) Gorman, in Penn Avenue, this city. His 
father, who was born at Westport, Ireland, was 
the son of a wealtliy land-owner and prominent 
man, who was accidentally drowned when \\'al- 
ter was eleven years of age. In 1853 he came to 
America and at once secured work in the mines 
of Carbondale, but after four years removed to 
Scranton, where he was similarly engaged for a 
sliuil time. The same year, 1857, he bought 
pro])erty in Penn Avenue and started in the gro- 
cery business, also was one of the first brewers 
in the city and made the first ale and porter man- 
ufactured in this part of the state. In 1889 he 
retired, and has since lived quietly at his home at 
No. 133 Penn -Vvenue. His wife, who was born 
in Ireland, accompanied her mother to this coun- 
try and is now living in Scranton. 



The parental family consisted of eleven chil- 
dren, of whom eight are living. One of the cons, 
Rev. Walter Gorman, graduated from St. Mary's 
Seminary, Baltimore, and is assistant priest and 
private secretary to Bishop Hoban at Ashley, 
Pa. Another son, Austin, is with John J. in the 
plumbing business. The youngest, Bernard, is 
twelve years of age. Our subject, who was next 
to the eldest of the family, was educated in the 
public schools and the School of the Lackawan- 
na. At the age of thirteen he began an appren- 
ticeship to the plumbers' trade under Watson & 
Barber, with whom he remained for two and one- 
half years. Later he spent five years with Hunt 
& Connell, and afterward did journeyman work. 
In 1892 he started in business at No. 309 Spruce 
Street, and from a very small beginning worked 
his wav upward until he now employs about 
thirty hands to carry out his contracts for plumb- 
ing, eas and steam fitting, hot air, Liteam and hot 
water pipes. 

Among the private residences and public 
buildings for which Mr. Gorman has had the 
contract may be mentioned the following: resi- 
dences of Dr. J. L. Wentz, Dr. C. R. Parke, Dr. 
J. A. Manley, Dr. X. Y. Leet, J. L. Crawford, in 
Scranton; the McCauley and Loftus residences 
in Carbondale; the Lackawanna County court- 
house, county jail and federal building; Amer- 
ican House, the Arlington Hotel, schoolhouse at 
Olyphant, Father :Matthe\v Hall,- First National 
Bank of Scranton, Burke Building in Carbon- 
dale, residences of F. A. Kane at Minooka and 
John McCauley in Bellevue; Robert T. Black, 
W. Gibson Jones, F. and A. C. Nettleton, Scran- 
ton House, G. L. Dickson and James T. McGold- 
rick residences, Home of the Friendless, Atlantic 
Refining Company's building, the White house, 
O'Boyle's residence in Providence, Keystone 
brewery in Dunmore, St. Peter's Cathedral and 
St. Thomas' College, and many other buildings, 
both public and private. 

In this city Mr. Gorman married Miss Mattie, 
daughter of Michael Gormley, formerly with the 
Lackawanna Iron & Steel Company, but now re- 
tired. While in the eighth ward our subject was 
nominated for the office of school controller on 
the Democratic ticket, but lost the election by 

one vote; this was an excellent record, as the 
ward usually gave a large Republican majority. 
He is a member and secretary of the Master 
Plumbers' Association in Scranton, and has been 
a delegate to the Master Plumbers' Association 
in Philadelphia. Fraternally he is connected with 
the Elks and the Y. M. A. He and his wife re- 
side at No. 732 Capouse Avenue. 

SCOTT W. BEACH. Since June, 1892, Mr. 
Beach has held the position of engineer on 
the New York, Ontario «& Western Rail- 
road, and for five years previous to that time he 
was employed in the same capacity on the main 
line of tiie Delaware & Hudson. A practical rail- 
road man, he began at the bottom of the busi- 
ness, working first with shovel and pick, and win- 
ning gradual advancement until he was given the 
responsible position of engineer. In this capacity 
he is recognized as reliable and trustworthy. He 
is a citizen of Carbondale, his home being at No. 
38 1-2 Canaan Street. 

The father of our subject, Orrin L., has fol- 
lowed the occupation of a farmer throughout his 
entire life, with the exception of a short period 
spent in the general mercantile business at Han- 
cock, N. Y., but the burning of his store caused 
him to return to agricultural pursuits. At the 
opening of the Civil War he enlisted as a member 
of Company B, One Hundred and Forty-fourth 
New York Infantry, and served for two years, 
taking an active part in many engagements. Sev- 
eral times he had narrow escapes. Once a flying 
bullet left a hole in the shoulder of his cape, at 
another time a ball passed through his boot leg 
and one through his hat. While he miraculously 
escaped injury, yet the hardships of forced 
marches, long exposure in inclement weather 
and the experiences of camp life left him in poor 
health, and permanently impaired his constitu- 
tion. At this writing he lives on his farm in 
Oneonta, Orange County, N. Y. 

The mother of our subject, Mary Jane (Clark) 
Beach, was born in Schoharie County, N. Y., 
and died at twenty-five years of age, leaving him 
an only child, bereft of a mother's care. Though 
so young at the time of her death, he has an in- 



distinct recollection of her and remembers clearly 
the funeral, the bier and the sorrowing friends. 
He was born at Gilboa, Schoharie County, N. Y., 
September 22, 1856, but when two years of age 
was taken by his parents to Walton, Delaware 
County, and there he gained a common school 
education. In youth he assisted his father on the 
farm. However, at an early age he began work- 
ing on the railroad, after a time was made fire- 
man, and in 1887 became engineer. For thir- 
teen years he was in the employ of the Delaware 
& Hudson, and for four years has been con- 
nected with the New York, Ontario & Western. 
He is an active worker in George W. West 
Lodge No. 468, Brotherhood of Locomotive En- 
gineers, at Carbondale. 

The marriage of Mr. Beach, which took place 
December 25, 1879, united him with Estella 
Humphrey, who was born in Delaware County, 
N. Y. They are the parents of two children, Ina 
and John Q., the latter named after Mrs. Beach's 
father, who was a soldier in the Civil War and a 
resident of Delaware County. While Mr. Beach 
is prevented, by reason of the duties of his posi- 
tion, from actively identifying himself with po- 
litical alfairs or municipal interests, he is never- 
theless w-ell informed on the issues of the age, 
and is a strong Republican politically. 


nineteenth century has shown a wonder- 
ful growth in every direction, probably 
there is no fact connected with its history more 
remarkable than the progress made by women 
in the professions and the industrial arts. The 
"new" woman, as she is facetiously called by 
many of the papers of the day, differs from her 
predecessors only in the fact that, v/hen thrown 
upon her own resources, she displays the energy 
and business acumen which place her in rank 
with her competitors of the sterner sex. There 
are few lines of work in which she does not now 
find ready admission and in which, if faithful and 
persevering, she may not hope to achieve success. 
Miss Barrett is one of the number who have 
started in business in Scranton, where she has an 
office at No. 630 Washington Avenue. She is a 

graduate in chiropody and in manicure, and is 
thoroughly experienced in both lines of work. 
She is well educated, having attended the schools 
of this city, her birthplace, and being a graduate 
of the Hyde Park school. Her father died when 
she was a child, but her mother continues to re- 
side in Scranton. After her graduation she was 
employed by the Lackawanna Iron & Coal Com- 
pany as dressmaker in their mercantile depart- 
ment, and later held a trusted position with the 
firm of J. D. Williams and Brother. 

In 1892 Miss Barrett began to study under Pro- 
fessor Kenison, of Broadway, New York, and 
graduated from his school, receiving a diploma 
for proficiency as a chiropodist and manicure. 
In 1895 she located at No. 630 Washington 
Avenue, where she gives treatment of all kinds 
in those two branches, her practice being among 
the best class of people in the city. In religious 
belief she is a Catholic, worshiping at St. Peter's 

scarcely yet in the prime of life, the gen- 
tleman whose name stands at the head of 
tins sketch has attained a high standing in busi- 
ness circles, and for a number of years has been 
recognized as one of the most enterprising men 
of the south side, Scranton. When only twenty- 
one years of age he became proprietor of a mer- 
cantile establishment, and this he has since con- 
ducted, carrying on a large trade in groceries 
and dry goods, and using two delivery teams to 
accommodate his customers. While his business 
interests occupy much of his time, he gives atten- 
tion to public affairs, and is a prime mover in 
every measure for the benefit of the community. 
Referring to the family history, John West- 
pfahl, our suJiject's father, was born in Mecklen- 
burg, (iermany, in 1836, and was the son of Fred- 
erick, a mechanic Ijy trade, Init spent his boy- 
hood years principally on his uncle's farm. In 
1850 he came to America and after spending nine 
months in Canada, proceeded to Scranton. where 
he took a position with tJie Delaware, Lacka- 
wanna & Western Railroad. In 1862 he enlisted 
in Company K, C^ne Hinidrcd antl Thirty-second 



Pennsylvania Infantry, and at the battle of Antie- 
tam was wounded in the forehead bv the burst- 
ing of a shell, after which he remained for a time 
in a hospital at Washington, and later was at 
Chestnut Hill. His disability caused him to be 
transferred to detached service, where he re- 
mained until mustered out with his regiment in 
May, 1863. Returning to Scranton, he worked 
as a blacksmith in the car shops of the Delaware, 
Lackawanna & Western. 

In 1872 John Westpfah! went to New York 
and engaged in the restaurant and bakery busi- 
ness at No. no Bleecker Street until 1874, when 
he came back to Scranton and resumed work 
with the railroad company. In 1882 he built a 
store, which he rented for two years, and then 
embarked in the mercantile business. This he 
has since conducted, the store being on the cor- 
ner of Pittston Avenue and Willow Street. He 
is an enthusiastic Grand Army man, and belongs 
to Lieut. Ezra S. Griffin Post No. 139. After 
coming to this city he married Miss Augusta 
Rabe, who was born in Bojonowo, a town of 
Pi-ussian Poland, and who died here in 1888. 
They were the parents of four children: Mrs. 
Amelia Storr, of Scranton; Charles W.; Albert, 
clerking for his father; and Wanda, who is with 
our subject. 

In Scranton, where he was born March 16, 
1867, the subject of this sketch was reared and 
educated. At the age of thirteen years he be- 
came a clerk in the grocery store of H. & E. G. 
Coursen, and after a year there went to New 
York, where he held a clerkship several months. 
Afterward he learned the upholsterer's trade with 
Hill & Keiser (now Hill & Connell), where he 
served an apprenticeship of seven and one-half 
years, leaving the store at the death of his mother 
in 1888. Since then he has been engaged in busi- 
ness for himself. He aided in the organization 
of the Industrial Building & Loan Association, 
in which he is still active, and is also a member 
of the Germania Building & Loan Association. 

A strong Republican politically, Mr. Westpfahl 
is influential in local matters. In 1892 he was 
nominated a member of the select council, from 
a strong Democratic ward, and was elected by 
a majority of fifty-nine over the most prominent 

Democrat in the ward. He took the oath of office 
in April, about twenty days after he was twenty- 
five years old, the latter being the limit before 
which no one can be elected to the office. During 
the last year of his service he was president of the 
council. In April, 1896, he retired from the of- 
fice, and at the same time was candidate for city 
comptroller, but was defeated, though making a 
very creditable campaign race. He has been a 
member of the city and covmty committees. In 
religious belief he is a German Presbyterian. He 
is a member of the Century Hose Company, 
Scranton Athletic Club, Harigari Society, Be- 
nevolent Protective Order of Elks, James Connell 
Lodge, I. O. O. F., Scranton Lodge No. 263, K. 
of P., Washington Camp No. 242, P. O. S. of A., 
in which he was secretary, and the Independent 
Order of Heptasophs. 

FRANK H STAIR, superintendent of the 
American Safety Lamp & Mine Supply 
Company at No. 1321 Capouse Avenue, 
Scranton, was born in Easton, Pa., March 17, 
1866, and is a son of George and Henrietta 
(Steele) Stair, natives of Easton. His paternal 
grandfather, Michael Stair, was of German de- 
scent, and his maternal grandfather, John Steele, 
who was born in Easton, remained there through- 
out his entire life, engaged as a general con- 
tractor; he married Miss Henrietta Clendenning, 
who died in 1890. 

Until the panic of 1876 George Stair was en- 
gaged in general contracting, but since then he 
has been in the employ of the Jersey Central 
Railroad Company as baggage master between 
Easton and Scranton. He and his wife have 
three children, Frank H., Mrs. McPherson and 
Mrs. Royce, of Easton. In the public schools 
of his native city our subject gained a practical 
education, and at the age of sixteen he began to 
make his way in the world. His first position was 
in an agricultural warehouse, after which he 
spent four years in learning the brass finishing 
trade. In 1886 he came to Scranton and was 
employed as foreman for T. P. Hoban for two 
years, after which he went to Rome, N. Y., and 
worked at his trade. Returning to Easton in 



1890, he was engaged for two years as foreman 
in the Easton brass works. 

In Marcli, 1892, Mr. Stair again came to Scran- 
ton to accept the position of superintendent of 
the newly organized American Safety Lamp & 
Mine Supply Company, wliich manufactures 
safety lamps, mine supplies and general brass 
work. In i8<)6 he patented what is known as the 
Stair Safety Lamp, which is more durable than 
those previously manufactured. In that year the 
company was bought out by AI. E. McDonald, 
John J. Fahey and !■". li. Stair, and Mr. Fahey 
is now president, Mr. McDonald secretary and 
treasurer and Mr. Stair vice-president and su- 
perintendent. The products are shipped through- 
out the United States and Canada, and to Aus- 
tralia, South America and South Africa. At No. 
1 321 Capouse Avenue they have a building 50X 
150 feet, with a wing 120x80, containing all the 
latest improved machinery, including a boiler 
and engine of sixty horse power. 

In Easton Mr. Stair married Miss Emma M. 
Garris, who was born there, and they and their 
daughter, Ethel, reside at No. 536 Wyoming 
Avenue. They are Presbyterians in religious be- 
lief, and were identified with that church in Eas- 
ton. Fraternally our subject is connected with 
Lehicton Lodge No. 244, 1. O. O. F., in Easton. 


ILTON W. LOWRY, A. M. The family 
of which this influential attorney of 
Scranton is a member originated in Eng- 
land, but has been represented in America since 
an early period in the history of this country, the 
first of the name settling near Lowell, Mass. His 
great-grandfather, John Lowry, lived in southern 
New York, and there Holloway, the next in line 
of descent, was born and reared. The latter, upon 
attaining manhood, settled upon an unimproved 
farm in the wilds of Susquehanna County, Pa., 
where he made his home until death. Among 
his children was James W., who was born near 
McAllas Mills, Clifford Township, Susquehanna 
County, within a mile of his present place of resi- 
dence, and who, in addition to following the occu- 
pation of a farmer, has been justice of the peace 
at Elkdale for more tlian twentv-five vears. In 

tlie Republican jiarty he has been a prominent 
local worker, and at one time was a candidate for 
the assembly. In the work of the Republican 
county conmiittee he has also been influential. 
Besides his other interests he has engaged exten- 
sively in the lumbering business. 

The marriage of James W. Lowrj- united him 
with Alma Taylor, who was born in Lackawanna 
County, being a daughter of Thomas Taylor, a 
native of New Hampshire. The family consisted 
of four sons and two daughters, all of whom are 
living except one son. Milton W. was born at 
the family homestead in Susquehanna County in 
1859, and there his boyhood years were spent, 
his primary education being obtained in the pub- 
lic schools. In 1876 he entered Keystone Acad- 
emy, and there remained a student for three years, 
the intervening vacations being devoted to teach- 
ing. In June, 1879, he graduated from the acad- 
emy, and the following year secured an appoint- 
ment, on competitive examination, to a scholar- 
ship at the Pennsylvania State College from the 
twenty-sixth senatorial district at the hands of 
Hon. William N. Nelson. By virtue of this ap- 
pointment he entered the sophomore class. Dur- 
ing his collegiate course he won the first prize in 
the oratorical contest of his class, this being pre- 
sented him by Governor Beaver, then president 
of the board of trustees of the college. In 1884 
he graduated with honors in the classical course. 

Prior to his graduation Mr. Lowry had com- 
menced the study of law under Hon. W. W. Wat- 
son, of Scranton, and to this city he returned 
after graduating. Soon afterward he was ap- 
pointed to take charge of the prothonotary's of- 
fice, in which responsible position he won the 
confidence of the people and proved that he pos- 
sessed energy and ability. The position was one 
of especial advantage to him in that it enabled 
him to become familiar with every form of legal 
procedure known to the courts, as all were sub- 
ject to his supervision and passed through his 
hands. In April, 1886, he was admitted to prac- 
tice in the courts of Lackawanna County, and 
was subsequently admitted to practice before the 
supreme court of the state. 

In October, 1885. Air. Lowry was married in 
Green Grove, Lackawanna County, to Miss An- 

THOMAS n. r)AI<K. 



nie Lowry, who, though bearing the same name, 
was not related. She was born in England, but 
came to this country at a very early age with her 
parents and received an excellent education in 
Bucknell University at Lewisburg, Pa., from 
which she graduated. One son, Robert, blesses 
the union. The family are identified with the 
Penn Avenue Baptist Church in Scranton. 

With the local workings of the Republican 
paity Mr. Lowry is closely identified, and he has 
been chairman of city conventions and secretary 
of the county committee. In i8gi he was his 
party's candidate for the office of district attor- 
ney, and his manly, energetic canvass won for 
him the respect of all, irrespective of political ties. 
In January, 1897, he was elected a trustee of 
Keystone Academy. Well versed in the law and 
well informed in outside matters, increasing suc- 
cess may safely be predicted of his future vears. 

THOMAS H. DALE, one of the successful 
business men of Scranton, was born in 
Daleville, which lies fourteen miles south- 
east of Scranton and which was founded by his 
grandfather, David Dale, a native of England, 
about 1818. Prior to his emigration he had mar- 
ried a Miss Tanfield, who accompanied him to 
this country. At that time the present site of 
Daleville was a forest farm, for which he paid by 
working on the Great Bend and Philadelphia 
turnpike. On the place he built a log house, and 
laboring industriously, after a time he had the 
farm cleared of its forest growth. He died there 
and was buried in the Daleville graveyard. 

The father of the subject of this sketch, Wil- 
liam, was born in Yorkshire, England, and was 
nine years old when he accompanied his parents 
to the LTnited States. He grew to manhood on 
the home farm, a portion of which came into his 
possession. It was largely through his efforts 
that a postoffice was established at Daleville, 
and he was appointed the first postmaster, in ad- 
dition to which he engaged in general merchan- 
dising, the lumber and sawmill business and the 
manufacture of handles. A Republican in pol- 
itics, he voted for John C. Fremont, the first Re- 
publican presidential candidate. He held a num- 

ber of local offices, all of which he filled credit- 
ably to himself and acceptably to the people. 
His death occurred in 1882, when he was seventy- 
three. His wife, who continues to reside at the 
Daleville homestead, bore the maiden name of 
Susan Hodgson, and was born in London, Eng- 
land. She was a daughter of Matthew Hodgson, 
a native of England, and a carpenter by trade, 
who brought his family to America about the 
time that the Dales settled here, and was thence- 
forward engaged in farming. 

The family of which the subject of this sketch 
is a member, consisted of eleven children, of 
whom nine attained maturity and eight are liv- 
ing, namely: M. H., of Scranton; David W., 
of Daleville, a member of the Sixty-first Penn- 
sylvania Infantry during the Civil War and a 
participant in forty-three battles in the course of 
his four years' service; Mrs. Mary E. Hanks and 
Miss Eliza Dale, of Daleville; Thomas H.; Alice 
L., wife of Myron Kasson, deputy prothonotary 
of Lackawanna County; Frank, who resides at 
Grand Junction, Iowa; and Everett E., of Des 
Moines, Iowa. During 1863 Thomas H. was a 
student at Eastman's Business College, Pough- 
keepsie, N. Y. At the time of Lee's invasion of 
Pennsylvania, and in answer to Governor Cur- 
tin's call for emergency men, he left school and 
enlisted in an independent company formed in 
Lackawanna County and ordered to Harrisburg. 
At the expiration of three months he was honor- 
ably discharged. 

After completing his education in Wyoming 
Seminary at Kingston, the subject of this sketch 
entered the wholesale produce business with his 
brother, M. H., in 1869, under the finn name of 
Dale & Co. They had a store in Franklin Ave- 
nue, and were among the first wholesale mer- 
chants here. The connection was continued un- 
til 1892, when Thomas H. retired from the firm. 
Meantime, in 1882, he was elected prothonotarj' 
by a majority of one hundred and forty-nine, and 
three years later was re-elected by an increased 
majority, again in 1888 with a majority of twelve 
hundred, serving until January, 1892, when he 
refused further nomination. In 1886 he became 
interested in coal operations with R. G. Brooks, 
organizing the Greenwood Coal Company, Lim- 



ited, at Greenwood, of which he is secretary and 
treasurer. At the time of organization they had 
only one breaker, but in 1890 built another. 

Besides his other interests Mr. Dale is a stock- 
holder and treasurer of the Langcliffe Coal Com- 
pany, Limited, operating at Avoca; a stockhold- 
er and treasurer of the Lailin Coal Company, op- 
erating at Laflin, Pa.; also secretary of the 
Thouron Coal Land Company. His marriage, 
which took place at San Francisco, Cal., in 1870, 
united him with Miss Grace R. Rounds, who was 
born in New York State, and is a graduaite of 
Wyoming Seminary. They are the parents of 
three children, Ruth E., Luise F., and Everett T., 
of whom the daughters are graduates of Wyo- 
ming Seminary. Mrs. Dale is a daughter of Rev. 
Nelson Rounds, D. D., a Methodist minister, 
who was formerly presiding elder in New York 
and editor of the "Northern Christian Advocate," 
but afterward held the position of president of 
Willamette University at Salem, Ore., until his 

From 1871 until 1895 Mr. Dale belonged to 
the Simpson Methodist Episcopal Church, in 
which he was president of the board of trustees 
the most of the time and Sunday-school super- 
intendent for eleven years. At this writing he is 
identified with the Elm Park Church. In 1892 
he was chosen one of the two lay delegates by 
the Wyoming conference to attend the general 
conference at Omaha. A Republican politically, 
he has been a member of the county central com- 
mittee for several years, served as its secretary 
and treasurer, also as chairman. He is connect- 
ed with the city committee and was its secretary 
for a number of years. In 1895 he erected the 
comfortable home on Linden Street, where he 
and his family now reside. 


ICHAEL MILLER. Biographies of suc- 
cesshil men furnish interesting and in- 
structive reading, and especially is this 
the case when, as in the career of Mr. Miller, the 
one whose history is narrated has early in life 
been thrown upon his own resources, among 
strangers and in a strange land. The struggles 
which they have successfully encountered, the 

hardships which they have battled undismayed 
and the victories which they have enjoyed, ren- 
der their examples worthy of emulation. 

Now one of the oldest residents of the south 
side, Scranton, Mr. Miller was bom in Lautzen- 
hausen, Rhine Province, Germany, March 17, 
1 83 1, and is the older and only survivor of the 
two children of Col. Michael and Margareta Mil- 
ler, natives of the same place as himself, the for- 
mer being a hotel keeper and holding the rank 
of colonel in the German army. Michael, of this 
sketch, attended the "public schools and gym- 
nasium of his native place, graduating at the age 
of seventeen. It was his desire to enter the army 
as a member of the Sharpshooters, but while his 
education entitled him to admission, various 
excuses were given to delay his acceptance, in- 
stead of which he was employed as a clerk in a 
judge's ofifice for three years. Growing impa- 
tient at his treatment, at the age of twenty he de- 
cided to come to America, and accordingly took 
passage July 28, 1851, on the sailer "Emma," 
which sank in the ocean the next year. It is a 
somewhat strange fact that the steamer "Elba," 
on which Mr. Miller returned to Germany in 
1889, also sank the following year. 

After a voyage of forty-nine days, Mr. Miller 
reached New York and thence came to Scranton. 
Times were hard and work scarce, but he finally 
secured employment chopping wood, where the 
court house now stands, at forty cents per day. 
Afterward, for thirteen years, he was employed 
in the old rolling mill of the Lackawanna Iron & 
Coal Company, becoming a practical iron roller. 
In 1863 he began in the grocery business in the 
twelfth ward, continuing for twelve years. Mean- 
time, in 1874, he bought his present place and 
started in the grocery business; also carried on 
a livery trade. In 1885 he began in the undertak- 
ing business, which was carried on by his son, 
G. A., for six years. On retiring from business, 
he turned his different enterprises over to his son 
and daughters, but still owns five residences and 
a business block. 

In Dunmore in 1852 Mr. Miller married Miss 
Maria M. Fickinger, a native of Rhine Province, 
Germany. They are the parents of three living 
children: Mary; Gustav Adolphus, who is in 



business in Scranton ; and Louisa, Mrs. Stephen 
Spruks, of this city. Like liis ancestors for many 
generations, Mr. Miller is a member of the Ger- 
man Presbyterian Church, but unHke them, he 
is not identified with the Masonic fraternity. His 
political affiliations are strongly in favor of the 
Republican party, and he is a firm supporter of all 
its principles. 

CHARLES P. J AD WIN. The life of no 
man can be counted as having been in 
vain who has established a business upon 
a finn basis and contributed to the advancement 
of a city in a practical way. The business in 
Scranton to which Mr. Jadwin devotes his atten- 
tion IS the purchasing, improvement and sale of 
realty. Not only was he the first in this city to 
regularly embark in the real estate business, but 
he has also been one of the most successful, hav- 
ing efifected the largest transfers of property here 
and frequently handled valuable tracts in the 
business center. 

A native of this county, Mr. Jadwin was born 
in Carbondale September 13, 1840. He is a son 
of Henry B. Jadwin, who was bom in Maryland, 
grew to manhood on a farm, in youth served in 
the War of 1812, later learned the shoemaker's 
trade, which he followed in Wayne County, Pa., 
for a short time, and then removed to Carbondale 
about 1830. He was similarly engaged here un- 
til old age, when he retired from active business. 
His death occurred in 1876, when he was more 
than seventy-six. In religious affiliations he was 
associated with the Methodist Episcopal Church. 
The lady whom he married was Alice Plumb, a 
native of Litchfield County, Conn., and daughter 
of Ezra Plumb, who removed from Connecticut 
to Wayne County, Pa., and later settled in Lack- 
awanna County. Mrs. Alice Jadwin was an ear- 
nest believer in the doctrines of the Presbyterian 
Church, in which faith she died in 1880. 

There were eight sons in the parental family, 
namely: Orlando H., a wholesale druggist of 
New York City; Cornelius C, a former member 
of congress and for some years a prosperous 
manufacturer; Henry B., a retired merchant and 
formerly mayor of Carbondale; Charles P.; 

James S., who died here in boyhood; Ezra W., 
who passed away in 1864; Thomas S., a drug- 
gist, who died in this city in 1894; and John S., 
also a druggist, who died in 1895. Lieut. Edgar 
Jadwin, a son of Cornelius C, received the highest 
average of any one who ever graduated from 
West Point. 

At the age of twelve the subject of this sketch 
became an employe in a drug store in Carbon- 
dale, where he remained until the outbreak of the 
Rebellion. September 4, 1861, he married Miss 
Augusta Hampton, and on the same day enlisted 
in the Union army, becoming a private in Com- 
pany C, Sixth Pennsylvania Cavalry, and being 
mustered in at Philadelphia. In the spring of 
the following year, while drilling at Dranesville, 
a horse fell on him and disabled him permanently. 
On this account he was honorably discharged in 
February, 1862, with the rank of color sergeant. 
It was a great disappointment to him that he was 
unable to continue with his regiment and share in 
the final triumph of the Union. 

Returning home, in 1864, with his brother, 
Henry B., our subject bought out the drug busi- 
ness of his brother, Orlando H., and continued 
thus engaged until 1872, when he went to New 
York, forming a partnership with his brother 
Orlando, under the firm name of Jadwin Broth- 
ers, and embarking in the wholesale drug busi- 
ness at No. 63 Courtland Street. In addition to 
the sale of drugs, he also engaged in their manu- 
facture. In 1875 he returned to Lackawanna 
County, to take charge of a drug business in 
Scranton that had come into the possession of 
the firm. Of this he remained in charge until 
1879, when he sold out, but having meantime 
become interested in other enterprises, he decided 
to remain here, and accordingly disposed of the 
New York business. 

In 1883 Mr. Jadwin opened a real estate busi- 
ness in the old postoffice building, where he en- 
gaged in the sale of city tracts, and also platted 
Clark's Summit, a ride of fifteen minutes from the 
heart of the city. In addition, he developed Pros- 
pect Park and the Silkman plat in Green Ridge. 
For some years he has had the heaviest real estate 
business in the city, and his deals are large and 
important. A number of lots he has sold as many 



as six times, these being located principally in 
the business center. He is a member of the board 
of trade, in fonner years was identified with the 
Masons and Odd Fellows, belongs to Lieut. Ezra 
S. Griflin Post Xo. 139. G. A. R., is identified with 
the Elm Park Methodist Episcopal Church, and 
for five years was chairman of the Republican 
county committee. 

To the request of his townsmen to become an 
office-holder Mr. Jadwin has turned a deaf ear, 
believing tliat in aiding by his active co-operation 
those projects set on foot for the welfare of his 
community, he can be of more real service. He 
is not one of those impulsive, vacillating charac- 
ters, to be governed by the opinions of others, 
driven by adversity or led away by prosperity, 
but, like every consistent, honest man, he holds 
firmly to his principles under all circumstances. 
His wife, who was born in Susquehanna County, 
is a daughter of Dr. R. Hampton, formerly of 
New Jersey, now residing with his son-in-law. 
Two children comprise the family, Orlando H., 
who is in business with his father; and Reuel H., 
whii is witli tlie Scranton Forging Company. 

JOHN \V. KILPATRICK, manufacturer of 
cigars for the wholesale and retail trade, 
with factory in Main Street, Carbondale, 
was l)orn in this city January 21, 1854, the young- 
est child of Joseph and .^.nn (Dougherty) Kilpat- 
rick, natives of County Sligo, Ireland. His fath- 
er, who came to this country soon after his mar- 
riage, settled in Carljondale and continued to 
follow mining pursuits until his death, at tlie age 
of about seventy-one years. Of his four children, 
three are living, those besides our subject being 
Elizabeth, wluo resides in Carbondale: and 
Tames, whose home is in the state of Washing- 

In the common schools Mr. Kilpatrick ob- 
tained a practical education that fitted him for 
active business affairs. The first position he ever 
held was that of clerk in a confectionery store, 
where he remained from 1871 to 1873. Later he 
held a clerical position in the office of the Erie 
Company for about eighteen months, after which 
he was weighmaster and bookkeeper for Clark- 

son &' L'.rennan Coal Company for two years. 
Meantime he had become interested in base ball, 
and for a time after leaving his position with the 
coal company he gave his attention to matters 
pertaining to that game. After a time he opened 
a billiard parlor, but for some time past has been 
engaged in the manufacture of cigars. Though 
he had no knowledge of the business on entering 
it, he was quick to grasp its details, and has estab- 
lished and put on sale some brands of cigars that 
have a wide reputation for superior quality. 
Through energetic efforts he has accumulated 
properly and owns some valuable real estate. 

Politically a Democrat, Mr. Kilpatrick has 
taken a lively interest in local matters. For a 
number of years he has been a member of the 
county committee, and has frequently been del- 
egate to state conventions. While a member of 
the common council he served on important com- 
mittees. For a time he held the position of col- 
lector of school tax. For twenty years he has 
been a member of Columbia Hose Company No. 
5, and is now the president of the board of trus- 
tees. In i8q2 he was delegate to the convention 
of the Ancient Order of Hibernians at New Or- 
leans. He married Miss Kate Loftus, who was 
born in Carbondale, and they have a daughter, 
Mary. In religious belief he is a Catholic. He 
is a charter member of the St. Vincent de Paul 
Society and the Catholic Mutual Benevolent As- 
sociation, being financial secretary of the latter 
organization. Fraternally he is a charter mem- 
ber of the Improved Order of Heptasophs. 

JOHN V. CORBY, who has represented the 
seventh ward upon both the common and 
select councils of Scranton, was born in 
Newcastle-upon-Tyne, capital of the county of 
Northumberland, England, June 23, 1857, and is 
a son of John and Catherine (Cullen) Corby, na- 
tives of County Mayo, Ireland. His grandfathers, 
Thomas Corby and Francis Cullen, were farmers 
and life-long residents of Ireland. He was one 
of four children who attained mature years, name- 
ly: John F. : Thomas P., who died July 26, 1895; 
Mrs. Catherine Magee and Ellen, i\Irs. James 
Mayock, both of Scranton. 



The father of our subject, immediately after his 
marriage, went to Newcastle-upon-Tyne, and 
there engaged in farming until 1870, when, with 
his wife and four children, he took passage on the 
steamer "Calabria" at Liverpool, and after a voy- 
age of eleven days landed in New York. Pro- 
ceeding at once to Scranton, he settled in Pine 
Brook and secured a position in the Dickson iron 
works. He died May 19, 1874, aged fifty-one 
years. His widow is still living and makes her 
home with her son, John F., in the house he 
erected at No. 933 Capouse Avenue. 

The early education of our subject was ob- 
tained in the pay schools of England, and after 
accompanying his parents to the United States in 
1870, he attended school at intervals when not 
employed in the Dickson boiler shop. At the 
age of eighteen he began an apprenticeship to 
the boilerniakers' trade, and upon completing it, 
he was employed as a journeyman. He is still in 
the employ of the Dickson Manufacturing Com- 
pany and the long period of his service proves his 
faithfulness. He is a stockholder in the Equitable 
Building & Loan Association. 

Politically a Democrat, Mr. Corby has been a 
member of the city committee. In 1887 he was 
elected, on that ticket, to represent the seventh 
ward on the common council, and served for one 
year. In 1890 he was nominated on an inde- 
pendent ticket, endorsed by the Republicans, as 
a member of the select council, and was elected 
by a majority of sixty. During his three years of 
service he was chairman of the finance commit- 
tee and of the committee on law and order, also 
served as member of connuittees on street and 
liridges, light and water, and others. On the ex- 
])iration of his term in 1893 '^^ refused to again 
become a candidate for the office. He is a mem- 
ber of St. Peter's Catholic Church, and was for- 
merly identified with St. John's Total Abstinence 
Society, of which he was the first secretary. 

of the trade and commerce of Scranton, 
it must be evident that every branch of 
industry, every line of trade and every channel 
of human activity, have their representatives 

here. Search the directories of the city from the 
first ones published to the last one issued, and 
what a panorama the list will present. New 
names, new trades, new industries, are added 
yearly, all contributing to make the Scranton of 
to-day. Within the past decade a new industry 
has sprung up in the United States that may be 
counted as one of the most important in existence, 
and that is the Keeley Institute. 

The subject of this sketch, who is manager of 
the Keeley Institute at Scranton, was born in 
Montrose, Susquehanna County, Pa , in 1857. 
The family is an old one in that locality, his great- 
grandfather. Perry Ball, having been one of the 
first settlers of the county; prior to locating 
there, while still in Connecticut, he had taken 
part in the Revolutionary War. Grandfather 
George W^. Ball, who accompanied his parents 
from Connecticut, was one of the pioneer farmers 
of Susquehanna County, and remained at the old 
homestead near Montrose until his death. 

Our subject's father, E. G. Ball, was born in 
Susquehanna County and followed farm pursuits 
until 1 87 1, when he was elected county com- 
missioner. Since the expiration of his term of 
office he has been clerk for the board of county 
commissioners, his home being in Montrose. 
Politically he is a Republican. He married Ruth 
A. Baldwin, whose maternal ancestors, the San- 
dersons, were of Scotch origin and who was born 
in Susquehanna County. Our subject, who is 
the only child of his parents, was educated in the 
public and high schools of Montrose, and in 
youth learned the creamery business. He built 
the Excelsior creameries at Burchardville, Fair- 
dale and Middletown, Pa., and shipped the prod- 
ucts to New York, Philadelphia, Jersey City and 

Selling out the creameries in 1892, Mr. Ball 
became connected with the Keeley Institute, and 
is now manager for northeastern Pennsylvania. 
He established the headquarters in Scranton at 
Nos. 726-30 Madison Avenue, Nos. 726 and 728 
being the hospital and principal institute, and No. 
730 the ladies' department. In November, 1895, 
he took as partner E. J. Goodwin, who is now su- 
perintendent. In addition to the other rooms, 
he has fine club apartments, with card, siuok- 



ing and billiard rooms. The physician in charge 
is William I). Bullock, M. D., of Raleigh, N. C, 
a graduate of Bellevue Hospital Medical Col- 
lege. The success of the business proves that 
it is under able management. Patients come here 
from different parts of the country, many coming 
from other slates. At the time the Institute was 
started Mr. IJall had sixteen competitors, whose 
modes of treatment, however, infringed upon the 
Keeley method, and none of them now remain. 

Politically Mr. Ball is a Republican, though 
not active in public affairs. He is a member of 
Warren Lodge Xo. 240, F. & A. M., at Montrose, 
and is identified with the Managers' National 
Association Keeley Institutes. In Susquehanna 
County he married Miss Emma A. Tilden, who 
was born there, and they have one child, Ma- 

THOMAS J. MOORE, general manager of 
the four stores of William Connell & Co., 
and one of the efficient business men of 
Scranton, was born in Dublin. Ireland, and is a 
son of the late Thomas and Hannah (Do vie) 
Moore, natives of the same place as himself. His 
father, who spent his entire life in Ireland, was 
government superintendent of public works and 
an energetic business man. Thomas J. was reared 
in Dublin, where he received a common school 
education. I"or a time he was employed as cash- 
ier for a railroad in South Wales. 

Coming to America in 1870, through acquaint- 
ance with \\'illiam Connell, Mr. Moore was en- 
gaged to come to Scranton as bookkeeper for the 
two stores here. On the death of Mr. Connell's 
brother, Alexander, he was promoted to the po- 
sition of superintendent of the Meadow Brook 
and Minno'.-n stores. Since then two stores have 
been added, there being four at this writing, and 
em])loyment is furnislu'd tcj twenty-five hands. 
In addition to this position, .Mr. Moore has also 
been connected with other business enterprises. 
He was one of the originators of the Scranton 
Axle Works, organized March 17, i8g2, and in- 
corporated with a capital stock of $150,000. In 
1893 he was chosen president of the company, 
anrl has held that position since. In the works. 

which are located in the twentieth ward, straight 
steel axles and the crank axle are manufactured, 
the capacity being about seven thousand sets per 
month. Steam power is used, and the plant is 
supplied with the latest machines for manufac- 
turing, i'roni its inception the business has pros- 
pered, and the works now rank among the best 
in the United States. 

At No. 546 Adams Avenue Mr. Moore and his 
wife, formerly Margaret Mclntyre, have estab- 
lished a pleasant home. Under Mayor John H. 
Fellows he was appointed a member of the board 
of park commissioners and is now its secretary. 
He is also treasurer of the Sheridan Monument 
Association. In the south side board of trade, 
which he was active in organizing, he served as 
the first president and is still prominent. He 
is also connected with the Scranton board of 
trade. His political belief brings him into affilia- 
tion with the Republican party, and he holds 
membership in the Lackawanna Republican 
Club. Fraternally he is associated with the Hep- 
tasophs, and is past officer of the Royal Arcanum. 
In business transactions he is very shrewd and 
quick, yet possessing that balance of tempera- 
ment which enables him to mingle with enthu- 
siasm sound common sense and wise judgment, 
thus securing the best financial results in his 
business enterprises. 

age of nineteen until his death when sev- 
enty, the subject of this article was a resi- 
dent of Carbondale, of which for some time he 
was an influential business man. His entire life 
was passed in Lackawanna County, his youthful 
years having been spent in the village of Provi- 
dence (now a part of Scranton), where he was 
born December 17, 1816. His education was 
such as the common schools afforded and was 
added to in subsequent life by observation and 
business experience. The death of his father 
when he was a child of only six years deprived 
him of that parent's wise counsel and help, and 
obliged him at an early age to become self-sup- 

The youthful years of Mr. Hutchins were 



passed on the home farm in Providence, but after 
coming to Carbondale he secured work as clerk 
in a store. Agriculture, however, was a more 
congenial occupation than the confining work of 
a clerk, and as soon as his means permitted he 
bought a farm one and a quarter miles from 
Carbondale. Here he resided for a time, but the 
manual labor incident to the cultivation of his 
place finally obliged him to abandon the occupa- 
tion. Returning to Carbondale, in the hope of 
regaining his health, he became interested in the 
grocery business and met with success. In 1876 
poor health forced his final retirement from active 
business. Ten years later, August 30, 1886, he 
passed away, at his home in this city. 

In his political belief Mr. Hutchins was a Re- 
publican, but displayed no partisanship in his ac- 
tions. He vvas deeply interested in everything 
for the promotion of the welfare of the people, 
and contributed of his time and means to philan- 
thropic projects. February 16, 1843, h^ married 
Sarah A. Burlingame, a native of Norwich, 
Conn., now residing in Washington Street, Car- 
bondale. Of the children born to their union we 
note the following: Susan Ann, Flenry and Nor- 
man died at the ages of eight, twenty-two years 
and fourteen months respectively; Homer is an 
engineer on the Delaware & Hudson Railroad; 
Annie resides with her mother; John is employed 
as a dispatcher; Harriet is a successful teacher 
in the high school here; and Frank is express 
agent at Norwich, N. Y. 

PETER ROSAR. What honesty, hard work 
and steadfast determination may accom- 
plish cannot better be illustrated than by 
giving a brief sketch of the life of Mr. Rosar, one 
of the substantial business men of Scranton. He 
is the proprietor of a grocery at Nos. 724-726 
Cedar Avenue, where he carries a full line of 
staple and fancy groceries, and also has a large 
trade in coal, wood, hay, straw and feed. In addi- 
tion to this store he is also the owner of Wash- 
ington Hotel, in Cedar Avenue. 

Of German birth and parentage, Mr. Rosar 
was born in Trannenweir, Prussia, October 5, 
1835, and is a son of George and Elizabeth (Hart- 

mann) Rosar, natives of the same place as him- 
self. His father, who was a son of George, Sr., a 
farmer, came to America one year after his son, 
Peter, crossed the Atlantic; he settled in Scran- 
ton, where he remained until his death. The wife 
and mother also died here. They were the parents 
of four sons and four daughters, all of whom re- 
side in Scranton, except a sister in Elmira, N. Y. 
Peter, who was the eldest of the family, attended 
the public schools of Germany in boyhood. In 
1852, when about seventeen years of age, he went 
to London, where he took passage on a sailing 
vessel for America. The voyage lasted sixty-eight 
days, and was one of indescribable sufifering, for 
food and water both gave out, and the passengers 
almost starved to death. 

When Mr. Rosar reached his uncle's home in 
Scranton he was not expected to live, and it was 
due to his vigorous constitution that he finally 
recovered, after an illness of two months. As 
soon as able, he began to work in the mines of the 
Lackawanna Iron & Coal Company, where he 
remained for three years. For ten years follow- 
ing he Vvas employed in the boiler shops of the 
Delaware, Lackawanna & Western Railroad, 
after which he worked in the yards of the Lacka- 
wanna Iron & Coal Company for a year, and was 
then foreman of the outside works for ten years, 
finally resigning to engage in business. In 1866 
he started a grocery store, which his wife carried 
on for some time. As the venture proved suc- 
cessful, he decided to devote his entire time to 
the business. He began with a small stock, and 
as he always bought for cash, he was enabled, 
little by little, to build the business up to its pres- 
ent substantial proportions. 

In national politics Mr. Rosar votes the Dem- 
ocratic ticket, but in local elections he supports 
the man whom he deems best qualified to repre- 
sent the people. For one year he represented the 
eleventh ward in the common council, but after- 
ward refused renomination. He belongs to St. 
Mary's Catholic Church, and is identified with 
St. Joseph's Society in that church. Fraternally 
he is associated with the Deutches Selskof. In 
Scranton he married Miss Caroline Zang, who 
was born in the same locality as her husband. 
They are the parents of six children: Charles, 



deputy city controller; Joseph, who is engaged 
in the milk business; William, who is with his 
father in the grocery; Peter, Jr., clerk for the 
Delaware I'v: Hudson Railroad Company; Lena 
and Lizzie. 

ISAAC L. WILLI AALS. The business inter- 
ests of Scranton have an efficient representa- 
tive in this gentleman, who is known as one 
of the most stirring and energetic citizens of the 
place. It may truthfully be said of him that, in 
striving to advance his own interests, he has not 
overlooked the welfare of others or achieved per- 
sonal success at the expense of his fellowmen, 
but in his intercourse with all, whether in busi- 
ness or .society, has proved himself an honorable 

Referring to the family history of our subject, 
we find that his father, Jonathan M., was born in 
Sussex County, N. J., followed the occupation of 
a carpenter and builder, and about 1850 began 
work in Pittston, Wilkesbarre and Scranton, 
where he was one of the original breaker contrac- 
tors. His business has carried him to different 
parts of tlie valley, though for the past few years 
he has resided in .Scranton. By his marriage to 
Margaret Michaels, who was born in Monroe 
County, Pa., he had seven children, of whom 
three are living, one, Henry M., a contractor in 
Scranton. ( )ur subject, who was the youngest 
of the family, was born in Ransom, Lackawanna 
County, Pa., in 1859, and was educated in the 
public and high schools of Scranton. When elev- 
en years of age he began to w-ork at the carpen- 
ter's trade, which he continued for some years. 
In 1880 he began the study of architecture under 
W. P. Cutting, of Worcester, Mass., where he re- 
mained for one year. Afterward he worked for 
a year as a carpenter in liabylon, L. I., devoting 
his spare time to architecture. Returning to 
Scranton, he becam.e superintendent for John 
Benore, meantime continuing his studies. 

In 1888 Mr. Williams secured some contracts 
by competition and opened an ofifice, which he 
has since conducted, his present location being 
in the Mears Building. He had the contracts for 
public schools Nos. 14, 18, 22, 32, 35, 36 and 37, in 

Scranton, the public school at Dalton, remodel- 
ing the Wyoming County jail at Tunkhannock, 
building the business houses of Carter & Ken- 
nedy, Golden & Welsh, Roche & Fadden, and 
the Jones Block, also two residences for A. H. 
Coursen, the homes of George Benore, F. E. Net- 
tleton and Dr. Roberts, a hotel building for 
Charles Kirst, a residence for Bishop Hobon at 
Ashland, and the remodeling of the Elk Building 
at Franklin. His most important contract was 
that for the Mears Building, the finest business 
block in the city, and two stories higher than any 
other building here, being ten stories in height. 
In national politics Mr. Williams is a Repub- 
lican, and fraternally he belongs to the Benevo- 
lent Protective Order of Elks. With his wife and 
children. Myrtle and George, he has a pleasant 
home at No. 413 Spruce Street. He was married 
in Hawley to Miss Lizzie Vandermark, a native 
of Wayne County, and a daugliter of John \'an- 
dermark, who owned a farm and quarry thet-e. 

WILLIAM B. FOSTER. The present 
age has witnessed many improvements 
in commerce, arts and sciences, but 
it is doubtful if any line shows greater advance- 
ment than has been made in the art of photog- 
raphy. Go into a modern studio and examine 
with the eye of a connoisseur the pictures upon 
exhibition, and you will come away with an en- 
hanced admiration for the men who have brought 
the art up from a crude stage to its present con- 
dition of perfection. Of Mr. Foster it may be 
said that he has made a careful study of the work 
and has introduced all modern improvements 
into his studio at Carbondale. 

The father of our subject, James Fletcher Fos- 
ter, was born in Manchester, England, in 1835. 
He obtained his education in the schools and in- 
stitute of that city, and was engaged in a printing 
ofifice when a lad, but was afterward apprenticed 
to learn the trade of a machinist. After serving 
his time he was examined as to his proficiency 
for the British Merchant service. Passing satis- 
factorily, he was ordered out on the East India 
service, and at once proceeded on a man-ofwar 
to the Orient, serving a period of four years. He 




returned to England and shortly afterwards came 
to America, proceeding directly to Scranton, 
where he had a sister living. In 1865 he mar- 
ried Alice Lindsay, daughter of William Lind- 
say, of Carbondale. Three children were born of 
this union, Maggie May, William B., and Bertie, 
who died in infancy. The wife and mother died 
July 4, 1871. Some three years afterward he 
again married, his second wife being Mrs. Will- 
iam Ousey, of Danbury, Conn. She is now liv- 
ing with our subject. J. F. Foster followed the 
trade of a machinist in various parts of the states 
until his death, which occurred at Carbondale 
January 26, 1893. The paternal grandfather and 
grandmother of our subject were William and 
Sarah (Fletcher) Foster, the latter belonging to 
the Society of Quakers. 

William B. Foster was born in Carbondale De- 
cember 12, 1868, and was early thrown upon his 
own resources, making his own way in the world 
from boyhood. He was engaged in various oc- 
cupations until fifteen years of age. It then be- 
came his desire to learn the photographic busi- 
ness, and as soon as the way was opened he did 
so. In spite of obstacles, in spite of limited 
means, he became successful, and deserves men- 
tion among the hard-working, intelligent busi- 
ness men of the city. He started in business for 
himself, and opened a well equipped studio at 
the corner of Sixth Avenue and Main Street in 
1893, and has built up a good trade, having 
among his patrons many of the best families of 

February i, 1894, Mr. Foster married Jennie 
Bernd, of Danbury, Conn. In local politics he 
is prominent as a worker in the Republican party, 
and a member of the county committee. 

HON. D. M. JONES, deceased. The cosmo- 
politan character of the population of the 
United States is indicated by the fact that 
every country of the world is represented among 
its citizens. While many of these nations have 
sent hither men and women of energy, thrift}' 
habits and honest hearts, yet it may be said, with- 
out injustice to the others, that no land has con- 
tributed to the citizenship of our country a higher 

class of people, men of intelligence, industry and 
perseverance, men of brain and brawn, than has 

The subject of this sketch was of Welsh birth 
and ancestry, a member of a family that was long 
identified with the agricultural interests of the 
shire of Brecon, lying inland among the moun- 
tains of Wales. His father, David A., was born 
in the town of Brecon and was a son of David, Sr. 
In early life he engaged in farming, but after 
his marriage he settled at Rhymney, where he 
engaged as a contractor in the ore mines. His 
wife, Jane, who was a native of Brecon and a 
daughter of William Jones, a horseman of fliat 
shire, died in Wales in 1848, and three years 
later he came to America, accompanied by his 
children, David, Margaret and William. He 
reached Pittston, Pa., in May, 1851, but three 
months later went to Hyde Park, where he was 
connected with mining interests until his retire- 
ment from business. In October, 1856, he went 
to California via the Nicaragua route and during 
the journey Walker's gang of filibusters made an 
attack upon the party. With others he was held 
and promised land if he would guide their expe- 
dition, but rejected the proposal and later was 
allowed to depart. In due time he arrived safely 
at his destination. For a year he remained at 
the Monte Cristo gold mines, returning via Pana- 
ma in 1857 and continuing to reside in Hyde 
Park until his death at the age of seventy-three. 
He was a man of sincere religious belief and 
served as a deacon in the Congregational 

Three children comprised the family, but none 
now survives. Our subject's sister, Mrs. D. H. 
Davis, who resided in Indiana, died in Scranton. 
His brother, William, who enlisted at the age of 
sixteen in May, 1861, as a member of Company 
K, Ninth Pennsylvania Cavalry, served as an 
orderly on Stanley's staf? until he fell at the battle 
of Bull's Gap, Tenn., April 13, 1865. Near the 
village of Rhymney, Breconshire, D. M. Jones 
was born Jime 26, 1839. He was a boy of eleven 
when, witli his father, brother and sister, he took 
passage at Cardiff on a merchant sailing vessel, 
which anchored at New York after a voyage of 
five weeks and four days. Coming to Pennsyl- 



vania. he soon began to work in tlic old Diamond 
mine, and later was apprenticed to the moulder's 
trade in the foundry of the Delaware, Lacka- 
wanna & Western Railroad. In 1858 he went to 
California, making the journey by steamer from 
New York to Panama, and from Aspinwall to 
San Francisco. From the latter city he went to 
Folsom, Cal., where he engaged in prospecting 
and mining. Ilis ne.xt move was to British Co- 
lumbia and from there he went to Russian 
America (now Alaska), where he remained until 
i860, prospecting and mining. In the fall of i860 
he returned to Folsom in time to cast his first 
vote for Lincoln, after which he started for Ari- 
zona with a pack, traveling horseback. The 
party being driven back by the Apache Indians. 
he began mining in Calaveras County, wiiere he 
was successful. While in California he was cor- 
poral in a company of rifles under Captain Hop- 
kins, formerly of Scranton. 

Meantime the nation was plunged in the peril 
of a great civil strife, and even in far distant 
California the highest excitement prevailed. The 
condition of the L^nion was such as to appeal to 
the patriotic spirit of every true citizen. Desiring 
to take an active stand for the government, Mr. 
Jones determined to return east, and in 1864 
made the long journey by the Isthmus of Pana- 
ma. On his arrival at Scranton, he was mus- 
tered into Company I, One Hundred and Ninety- 
ninth Pennsylvania Infantry, September 17, 

1864, and was sent to Camp Cadwallader, Phila- 
delphia, and from there to Richmond. April 2, 

1865, the day on which Richmond and Peters- 
burg fell, he was serving as first corporal in the 
charge on Ft. Gregg, and was shot in the right 
thigh, receiving an injury so severe as to neces- 
sitate the amputation of the limb, which was done 
on the field. He was then taken to the hospital 
at Hampton, Va., and in July to Central Park, 
New York City, thence to David's Island, East 
River. October 1, 1865, he was honorably dis- 
charged from the service. 

For two years after the close of the war Mr. 
Jones held the position of night watchman at the 
Second National Bank. During this time he was 
a student in Gardner's Business College and 
graduated at the completion of the prescribed 

course. In May, 1868, he was elected upon the 
Republican ticket as alderman of the fourth ward 
and was re-elected in 1873, serving until Decem- 
ber, 1876. In the fall of that year he was elected 
to represent his district in the legislature and 
served during the sessions of 1877 and 1878. In 
June of 1S78, on his return from the assembly, 
he was appointed deputy city treasurer under 
Reese T. Evans, whom he succeeded in office by 
election in February, 1879, serving two terms of 
two years each from June, 1879. In 1886 he took 
a trip to California, where he spent three months, 
an interested observer of the wonderful changes 
that had been made there since his first visit. 

As a Republican, Mr. Jones always took a deep 
interest in public affairs and his aid was always 
ready at the party call. On several different oc- 
casions he was chairman of the Republican coun- 
ty central committee, filling that position during 
the Blaine campaign, when Lackawanna County 
gave that famous statesman a majority of thirty- 
five hundred. He was treasurer of the county 
committee in 1894 and served as a delegate to 
state conventions. It was felt by the members 
of his party that he received a just recognition 
of his public services when, April 20, 1889, Pres- 
ident Harrison appointed him postmaster at 
Scranton, he being the first postmaster appointed 
under that administration. He assumed the du- 
ties of the office in May and continued until the 
change of administration, holding the position 
for four years and one month. Meantime he was 
busily engaged, not only in taking charge of the 
mail delivery service, but also in superintending 
the construction of the federal building now 
occupied by the postoffice, in the construction of 
which he was disbursing agent for the United 

With many of the prominent business concerns 
of Scranton Mr. Jones held a close relation. He 
assisted in the organization of the Scranton & 
Pottsville Coal & Land Company, of which he 
was secretary; aided in organizing the Cambrian 
Mutual Fire Insurance Company in 187 1 and 
was treasurer until his death; also held the posi- 
tion of secretary of the Schuylkill Anthracite 
Coal Royalty Company; assisted in organizing 
the Ronaldson Coal Land Company, of which he 



was treasurer; and, in addition to other interests, 
carried on a real estate business, having an office 
in the West Side Bank Building. He was one 
of the directors of the West Side Bank. While 
an alderman he was for two years associate judge 
of the mayors court of Scranton. During the 
period of his service in the legislature Lacka- 
wanna was separated from Luzerne County, in 
June, 1878, after thirty-five years of apparently 
fruitless labor for that end. The passage of the 
bill was due to his energy, coupled with the 
efforts of his colleagues, James Kierstead and 
Maj. A. I. Ackerley. 

In May, 1868, Mr. Jones married Miss Han- 
nah Edwards, who was born in Clififord, Susque- 
hanna County, and died in Scranton in Decem- 
ber, 1871. She had two children, Margaret and 
Jane, both of whom died in infancy. Her father, 
David Edwards, of Wales, was one of the earliest 
settlers of Clififord, and engaged in farming 
there, but for some years has lived retired in 
Hyde Park. In Plymouth, Pa., September 23, 
1873, Mr. Jones married Miss Anna E. Williams, 
who was born in Pittston, a daughter of James 
Williams, formerly a merchant of Plymouth, now 
of Nanticoke. Their children are Edgar A., 
Helen E., Dorothy M. and Ethel H. The only 
other relative of Mr. Jones in this county is his 
nephew, David J. Davis, an attorney. Inter- 
ested in everything pertaining to Grand Army 
affairs, Mr. Jones attended many of the national 
encampments, including those at San Francisco, 
St. Louis, Boston, Pittsburg, Philadelphia and 
Baltimore, and was an aide on the national staff 
of General Warren, of Kansas City. He was a 
charter member and for several terms command- 
er of the Willie Jones Post No. 199, named in 
honor of his brother, and previous to this was 
commander and adjutant of the old James Robb 
Post at Scranton; he was also connected with 
the Lieut. Ezra S. Griffin Post No. 139, in which 
he sen'ed as quartermaster and trustee. He was 
identified with the lodge of the Knights of Pyth- 
ias from its organization, and was the first past 
chancellor of Hyde Park Lodge No. 306. 

When his life ended, October 25, 1896, it was 
felt that one of our best citizens had passed from 
among us. The words that close this memoir ex- 

press the sentiment of all to whom he was per- 
sonally known: 

"In the halls of legislature in Harrisburg, in 
the city treastirer's office, in the postoffice, and in 
every position of trust, public and private, his rec- 
ord has been untarnished. This record is the 
most priceless gift he has left to posterity. His 
home was an ideal one in every sense. The kind 
husband, and affectionate father, and the stead- 
fast friend united in him. Mingled with the tears 
that affection and a loving remembrance will shed 
upon his grave will be found the silent tears of 
many an old soldier who found in him a friend, 
comrade, and a brother." 

OSCAR E. HISTED, locomotive engin- 
eer on the Delaware & Hudson Rail- 
road and a resident of Carbondale since 
December of 1869, was born in Waymart, Pa., 
February 18, 1853, and is the next to the eldest 
son of Stephen and Adelia (Bunnell) Histed. His 
father, who was born near Honesdale, has always 
resided in this part of Pennsylvania, and for the 
past forty-three years has occupied the same 
house in Waymart. His tenure of employment 
with the Delaware & Hudson Canal Company 
covers a period of more than fifty years, and at 
this writing he is stationary engineer on the Grav- 
ity road. He is an energetic, hard-working man, 
faithful to his employers and showing the utmost 
fidelity to their interest. Their appreciation of 
his merits is proved by his long service with them. 
His wife died in 1865. 

The family of which our subject is a member 
consists, besides himself, of two sons and two 
daughters, namely: William, a conductor on the 
Delaware & Hudson road; Andrew, who was 
employed as a locomotive engineer, and was 
killed in an accident on the road; Sarah, wife of 
Boyd Case, a conductor; and Hortense, who 
married Thomas Cooper, employed on the Grav- 
ity road. In early boyhood our subject was the 
recipient of fair educational advantages. When 
sixteen year? of age he came to Carbondale and 
began to work for the Delaware & Hudson Ca- 
nal Company on the Gravity road. Since that 
time he has been continuously in the service of 



the company. As soon as tlie steam road was 
built he was transferred to the Scranton Divis- 
ion, and has since become known as a trustworthy 
and rehable engineer. Among his characteristics 
are thrift and energy, inherited from his German 
forefathers, and steadfast determination, the gift 
of his Enghsii ancestors. 

Mrs. Histed was in maidenh.ood Mary WylHe, 
her father, Andrew Wylhe, being a resident of 
Carbondale, and represented elsewhere in this 
volume. They and their children, Belle, Laura, 
Raymond and Marjorie, reside at Xo. 30 Belmont 
Street. Mr. Histed also owns the lot adjoining, 
and e.xpects soon to build there a fine residence 
for his family. A Republican in political views, 
he has taken an active part in local matters in 
past years. He has served as chairman of the 
common council and has represented his w-ard 
in the select council, in both positions devoting 
himself to the interests of the people. Identified 
with the Brotherhood of Locomotive Engineers, 
he has filled all the offices of the lodge to which 
he belongs. Fraternally he has filled all the of- 
fices of the subordinate lodge and is now past 
grand. Since 1882 he has belonged to the en- 
campment, and for some time has held the re- 
sponsible position of district deputy grand master 
for Lackawanna District No. i. 

JOHN SCHEUER, Jr. The success of men 
in business depends upon character as well 
as knowledge, it being a self-evident propo- 
sition that honesty is the best policy. Business 
demands confidence, and where that is lacking 
business ends. As a representative of the class 
of enterprising, honest and capable business 
men, of whom Scranton has a very large number, 
mention belongs to John Schcuer, Jr., member 
of the firm of Scheuer Brothers, successors to 
John Scheuer, and proprietors of the Keystone 
Steam Bakery at Nos. 341-347 Brook Street. 
The firm, which consists of George, John, Jr., 
Henry and Philip C. Scheuer, is engaged in the 
manufacture of crackers, cakes, biscuits and 
bread, making a specialty of the Keystone crack- 
er and fancy cakes. 

John Scheuer, Sr., our subject's father, was 

born in Bavaria, Germany, a son of Conrad 
Schetier, who emigrated to America and engaged 
in merchant tailoring at Scranton. The former, 
who learned the trade of a linen weaver in his 
native land, participated in the Revolution of 
1848, and shortly afterward came to Pennsyl- 
vania, walking, with five others, to Dunmore, 
then going to Pittston, and from there to Slo- 
cum's Hollow (now Scranton), where he was em- 
ployed by the Lackawanna Iron »fe Coal Com- 
pany. About i860 he started in the milk busi- 
ness, having the first milk wagon in Scranton. 
During the Civil War he responded to a draft, 
but w-as rejected. Later he carried on a grocery 
in Willow, above Cedar, until 1874, when, with 
his sons, he started a bakery, continuing in that 
business until he retired, in 1891. He still resides 
in Scranton, being about sixty-nine years of age. 
His wife, whose maiden name was Petronella 
Hoffman, was born near Worms, Hesse-Darm- 
stadt, Germany, and died in May, 1895. Their 
children are George, John, Jr., Henr\', Philip, 
Peter, who died December 31, 1890, and Kate. 

In 1874 the bakery was started by John 
Scheuer, Sr., and ten years later the manufacture 
of crackers was added. In 1889 the firm became 
Scheuer Brothers, and under that name the busi- 
ness has since been conducted. The building, 
which stands in Brook Street, between Cedar 
and Remington, is 80.X100 feet in dimensions, 
two stories and basement, with a capacity of forty 
barrels of flour in ten hours. The basement is 
used for storage and shipping purposes, the first 
floor for baking and the second for packing. All 
modern im.provements have been introduced, the 
doughs being mixed by machine and the plant 
operated by steam. The boiler and engine are of 
seventv-five horse power each. Shipments are 
made throughout the Lackawanna and Wyoming 
valleys, and three salesmen are employed to at- 
tend to the wants of customers. The firm own a 
farm of sixty-eight acres at West Mountain, 
where they have fourteen head of Jersey cows, 
producing from seventy-five to one hundred 
quarts of milk daily. The factor)- is the largest of 
the kind in this section, and the quality of the 
products is unexcelled. 

The subject of this sketch was born in the 



eleventh ward of Scranton December 12, 1858. 
He attended school here until nearly fifteen years 
of age, when he began to work in the factory, 
gaining a knowledge of the bakery business. 
Afterward, for about six months, he studied book- 
keeping at night school under Prof. H. D. Wal- 
ker, and for eighteen months continued his stud- 
ies with a companion. Taking charge of the 
books of the company, he has kept them and 
acted as business manager ever since. In 1887 
he was elected to represent the eleventh ward in 
the select council, and served for one year, when 
the new law caused him to retire. He aided in 
the organization of the old Germania Building & 
Loan Association, in which he was a director, 
and is vice-president and a director of the new 
Germania, also a director in the Citizens Build- 
ing & Loan Association, and formerly in the In- 
dustrial. In the organization of the axle works 
he was actively interested, and .still retains his 
connection with that concern. 

In Scranton Mr. Scheuer married Miss Anna 
M. Linn, daughter of William Linn, for years an 
employe of the Delaware, Lackawanna & West- 
ern. They are the parents of four children, Will- 
iam W., Anna, Dorothea and John C. The family 
residence, built by Mr. Scheuer, stands at No. 316 
Elm Street, and he is the owner of other real es- 
tate here. In April, 1890, he aided in the organi- 
zation of the south side board of trade, to the 
presidency of which he succeeded on the resigna- 
tion of T. J. Moore; after serving for three years 
he declined re-election. Politically a Republican, 
he has been a member of city and county com- 
mittees and delegate to conventions. In relig- 
ion he is a member of the Hickory Street Presby- 
terian Church, and his wife is active in that de- 
nomination and in the work of the Young 
Women's Christian Association. 

WILLIAM WILLIAMS. In the latter 
part of the year 1871 the steamer "City 
of Brussels" set sail from England for 
America, loaded with human freight. The voy- 
age was a rough and dangerous one, but was suc- 
cessfully braved by the gallant ship, which, how- 
ever, soon afterward sank to rise no more. 

Among the passengers who had left home and 
friends and native land to seek a new home 
among strangers was the subject of this sketch, 
then a man of thirty-one years. Behind him he 
left his wife and children, turning his face bravely 
toward the New World, where he hoped they 
might soon join him. 

The early life of Mr. Williams had been one 
of hard work, of unceasing toil. Born in County 
Cornwall, England, December 28, 1840, his op- 
portunities in youth were very meager and at an 
early age he went to work for others, receiving 
two pence and his dinner per day. As the years 
went by, and he saw prosperity still far away in 
the distance, he determined to cross the Atlantic 
to the United States. He reached this country 
November 20, 1871, and the following day arrived 
in Lackawanna County, where he hoped to find 
employment. He got off the cars at Gravity No. 

4 and found himself among strange people and 
very few of them, the county being yet sparsely 
settled. His first work was that of fireman at No. 

5 Gravity road, near his present place of resi- 
dence, and in this capacity he was employed for 
eight years. 

Meantime saving his earnings, at the expira- 
tion of the eight years, Mr. Williams opened a 
mercantile store in a building that he erected in 
Belmont Street, Carbondale. His wife, who had 
joined him, took charge of the store and later, 
on his removal to the city, he assisted there, also 
engaged in teaming. With his wife as an efficient 
helpmate, he continued to make and save money. 
In i8(>o he removed to a farm, one and one half 
miles from the city, where he owns two hundred 
and twenty-five acres, and in addition to this, he 
still owns the property in Carbondale, which he 

Politically Mr. Williams is a Prohibitionist in 
principle and upholds that party, usually voting 
the ticket. While in Carbondale his ability and 
merit were recognized and he was prevailed upon 
in 1887 to be a candidate for alderman of the fifth 
ward, running on the Prohibition ticket. He was 
elected to the gffice and served for four years, re- 
signing when he moved to his farm. In 1891 he 
was elected to serve as justice of the peace, which 
ofifice he now holds, having been re-elected in 



the spring of 1896. Since tlie age of sixteen he 
has been identified witli the Methodist Church 
and is one of the tnistees of the church here. 
Active in Sunday-school work, for years he served 
as secretary and treasurer, but in the spring of 
1896 resigned to give the work into younger 

In England, N'ovember 30, 1861, Mr. Williams 
married Miss Eliza Solomon, a native of that 
country and like himself an earnest member of 
the Methodist Church. Nine children were born 
of their marriage, but five are deceased, the sur- 
vivors being Louey Augusta Alberta, wife of Will- 
iam Cox, of Carbondale: Florence Annie Eliza- 
beth; Emily Gertrude Louisa, wife of Eugene 
Schaflfer, of Waymart, Pa.; and William Walter 
Wesley, who is with his parents. 

CHARLES L. BELL. Through many 
years of practical experience as a carpen- 
ter, Mr. Bell has gained a thorough 
knowledge of the trade and has established a rep- 
utation as a reliable business man. Since Febru- 
ary, 1865, his home has been in Jermyn, where, 
in order to assist him in his work as a contractor 
and builder, he operates a planing mill and keeps 
in his yards a supply of different kinds of lumber 
used in building. He has a sufficient number of 
contracts ahead to keep him busy, even in the 
dull times when every line of activity has suf- 

In Scott Township, this county, Charles L. Bell 
was born February 17, 1835, the eldest of five 
children born to the union of John S. and Ruth 
A. (Brown) Bell, residents of that township. His 
father, who was an honest, industrious man and a 
carpenter by trade, died at the age of fifty-two 
years. Of the children one died in infancy un- 
named; the others besides our subject are Lib- 
bie, who is the wife of Frank E. Steele, of Jer- 
myn; Bertha, Mrs. James Carey, also of this 
place; and Frank, who is in his brother's employ. 
The first ten years of the life of our subject 
were spent in Scott Township, where he was a 
pupil in the common schools. Much of his edu- 
cation, however, was gained in the school of ex- 
perience, and by close observation and self-cul- 
ture. Under his father's supervision he gained a 

knowledge of the carpenter's trade early in life 
and when fifteen he began to earn his livelihood 
by working at this occupation. Gradually he 
built up a good business among the people, who, 
noticing the care with which his work was done, 
placed the utmost confidence in his honesty and 
reliability. He chose as his wife Miss Retta Mil- 
ler, and they are the parents of seven children, 
named as follows: Grant L., Clyde, George, Ber- 
nard, Ethel, William and Dean. 

For many years Mr. Bell voted the Republican 
ticket. However, the enormous amount of mon- 
ey spent in the liquor traffic and the number of 
lives ruined and hearts broken by the use of 
liquor convinced him that the great need of our 
nation to-day is prohibition of the sale of intoxi- 
cants. This caused him to adopt the principles 
of the Prohibition party and since 1894 he has 
voted that ticket and been one of its most earnest 
supporters. He believes that if the money wasted 
for whiskey could be applied to the dissemina- 
tion of the Gospel and to charitable purposes, our 
nation would soon become the glory of the world, 
the brightest star in earth's firmament. His ac- 
tions throughout life have been controlled by 
Christian principles. He has taken an active part 
in the work of the Methodist Episcopal Church, 
in which he is trustee and treasurer, and also as- 
sistant superintendent of the Sunday-school. Fra- 
ternally he is connected with the blue lodge, chap- 
ter and commandery of the Masonic Order. 

subject of this narrative, throughout his 
entire ministerial life, has held the pastor- 
ate of the Providence Presbyterian Church, and 
during this time a new house of worship and 
parsonage have been erected and the usefulness 
of the congregation in different fields of labor 
increased several-fold, until now the church ranks 
among the foremost in the Lackawanna presby- 
tery. His work has required patience and per- 
.sistence, and through the e.xercise of these quali- 
ties he has attained commendable success. As a 
preacher, his sermons show painstaking thought, 
and his illustrations are always happy and to the 

The Guild family is of English and Scotch de- 



scent, but had representatives in this country at 
a very early period in its settlement. The paternal 
great-grandfather of our subject was a partici- 
pant in the Revolution, and the grandfather, Ev- 
erett, served faithfully in the War of 1812. The 
latter, who was a native of Connecticut, took his 
family from that state to New York and became 
a pioneer of Delaware County, being the first har- 
nessmaker in Walton. Truman Guild, our sub- 
ject's father, was born in Milford, Conn., and held 
the rank of lieutenant in the anti-rent war. At 
its close he sold out the harness and saddlery 
business, in which, with two brothers, he had 
been engaged, and shortly afterward opened a 
drug store in Walton. This he has since carried 
on, his son, Edwin, being now associated in busi- 
ness with him. For years he has taken an influ- 
ential place in the workings of the Democratic 
party, but has steadily refused the nominations 
that at different times his party has offered him. 

The mother of our subject bore the maiden 
name of Elizabeth Keene and was born in Hones- 
dale, Wayne County, Pa. She is a lady of noble 
Christian character and for years has been a con- 
sistent member of the First Congregational 
Church of Walton. Her father, George Keene, 
was a member of an old Pennsylvania family and 
for years held a position in the employ of the Del- 
aware & Hudson Canal Company on the Gravity 
road. He took an active part in religious affairs 
and served as an elder in the Presbyterian 
Church at Prompton, Wayne County. His 
daughter, Mrs. Guild, was the mother of two sons 
and two daughters, namely: George E. ; Mrs. 
Fannie Twaddell, a widow residing in Walton; 
Edwin, who is his father's partner in business; 
and Mrs. Ilattie Tobey, of Walton. 

A few months after graduating from Walton 
Academy, in the fall of 1872, George E. Guild 
entered Amherst College, from which he gradu- 
ated in 1876 with the degree of A. B. He had 
the honor of being one of six members of the 
senior class who received prizes for high rank in 
English literature and e.xtemporaneous debate. 
In 1876 he entered the theological seminary of 
Yale College, where he remained one year. After- 
ward for two years he studied in the Union Theo- 
logical Seminary of New York City, and during 

his senior year was assistant to Dr. Buddington, 
of Brooklyn. In February, 1879, he came to 
Scranton and supplied the pulpit of the Provi- 
dence Church until his graduation a few months 
later. His pastorate here commenced May i, 
1879, and he was ordained and installed in the 
following October. 

At the time of his arrival here. Rev. Mr. Guild 
found the congregation occupying an old-fash- 
ioned building in Oak Street, while the parsonage 
stood in West Market Street. In 1882 property 
was bought in North Main Avenue and a new 
parsonage erected, after which a house of worship 
was built, the latter being dedicated in 1886. The 
congregation was organized about fifty years ago 
and with one exception is the oldest in Scranton. 
Financially it has been prospered and now owns 
property worth $60,000, free from encumbrance. 
To achieve the highest good, various societies 
have been organized in the church, including mis- 
sionary bands for adults and children. Ladies' Aid 
Society, Young People's Society of Christian En- 
deavor and Junior Endeavor. 

At Northampton, Mass., in April, 1879, Rev. 
Mr. Guild married Miss Mary Lyman Clark, who 
was born in that place and received a good edu- 
cation, graduating from Elmira College. She is 
a daughter of the late Anson Clark, who was for- 
merly connected with the Nanantuck silk mills. 
The family consists of three children, George 
Clark, Everett Burnham and Gertrude Elizabeth. 
Mr. Guild has been a delegate to the general as- 
sembly and the synod, has been honored with 
election as moderator of the Lackawanna pres- 
bytery, and is vice-president of the Home Mis- 
sionary Society for the evangelization of foreign- 
speaking people within the bounds of the presby- 
tery. For seven years he has been president of 
the association of Presbyterian ministers of Scran- 
ton and vicinity, and for two years he held the of- 
fice of president of the Alumni Association of Wal- 
ton Academy. In the position of president of the 
Scranton Christian Endeavor Union he has done 
tireless and effective work, and won the regard 
of the young people throughout the city. Public 
affairs demand and receive a share of his atten- 
tion, and he was a member of the north end board 
of trade during its existence. In 1894 he went 



abroad and spent three months in making a tour 
over the r)ritish Isles, France, Switzerland, Ger- 
many and The Netherlands, sailing from Antweq) 
to New York on the return voyage and reaching 
home after a most delighthd and profitable trip. 

JOilX S. COX, chemist for the Lackawanna 
Iron & Steel Company, at Scranton, was 
born in Rockport, Carbon County, Pa., in 
1854, and is of English descent. His father, John 
P., was a son of William Cox and was born in 
England, wh.ere he studied mining engineering. 
When a young man he came to America and at 
once proceeded to Susquehanna County, Pa., but 
later settled in Mauchchunk, Carbon County, 
where he was employed as mining engineer with 
the Buck Mountain Coal Company. Later he 
was civil engineer and superintendent of building 
for the northern division of the Lehigh \'alley 
Railroad, and then became general superintend- 
ent of the Pennsylvania & New York Canal & 
Railroad Company, which position he held until 
his death, in December, 1870, at Tovvanda, at the 
age of about fifty-six. 

The motlier of our subject was Mary, daughter 
of William H. Sayre, and born in Philadelphia. 
Her fatlior, a native of liordentovvn, X. J-, settled 
in Mauchchunk in 1829, and was for many years 
identified witli the Lehigh Valley Coal & Navi- 
gation Company. His father, Dr. Francis R. 
Sayre, was a distinguished physician of Philadel- 
phia. Mrs. Mary Cox resides in Bethlehem, as 
does also her son, Walter E., who is line agent 
of the Lehigh Valley Coal Company, and her 
brother, Robert H. Sayre, second vice-president 
of the Lehigh \'alley Railroad and general man- 
ager for the Bethlehem Iron Company. 

The youngest of five children, Jolm S. Cox 
spent his boyhood years in Bethlehem and at 
other places along the line of the Lehigh Valley 
Railroad. In 1872 he entered Lehigh University 
and took a special course in chemistry, which he 
completed four years later. He then engaged in 
civil engineering in Illinois on the Grayville & 
Mattoon Railroad. In 1878 he joined an expedi- 
tion sent to South America for the purpose of 
surveying a line around the numerous cataracts 

of the Madeira, so that the railroad might be built 
into Bolivia. The expedition proceeded up the 
Amazon and Madeira, reaching the head of that 
river after a trip of six weeks, and continuing to 
work through the forest until ordered to stop, on 
account of the Bolivian government not filling its 
part of the contract. At first the expedition num- 
bered seven hundred men, but within one year 
disease and death, resultant from the unhealthful 
climate, had reduced the number to three hun- 
dred, and some of these died during the voyage 

Having received no remuneration for his ser- 
vices, Mr. Cox was obliged to make his way back 
home on credit. He journeyed on a three-masted 
schooner down the Amazon and at Para received 
from the American consul a sufficient amount of 
money to pay his expenses to New York, for 
which place he at once sailed on the "City of 
Para." He returned to Bethlehem after an ab- 
sence of less than twelve months. This expedi- 
tion was one of the greatest peril and attended 
with many privations such as, fortunately, fall to 
the lot of but few. In 1879-80, during the ex- 
citement at Silver Cliff, Colo., he practiced in 
those regions as chemist and assayer, assaying 
the ores of different mines, and also engaged in 
prospecting. In 1880 he went to Mexico as as- 
sistant engineer in charge of construction of a 
subdivision of the Mexican National Railroad, 
and remained there until operations were sus- 
pended, when he returned to Pennsylvania. 
When work was resumed on the road he went 
back and spent two and one-half years there. 
The line has since been completed and is now in 

After a stay of two years with the Bethlehem 
Iron Company as chemist, in December, 1887, 
Mr. Cox came to Scranton as chief chemist for 
the Scranton Steel Company. His headquarters 
were in the south mill until the consolidation. 
In August, 1895, '''6 '^^'''s made chemist of both 
the north and south mills, in each of which he 
now has laboratories. His attention has been 
given unreservedly to his business affairs and he 
has found no time for participation in politics, 
though he supports Republican principles at elec- 
tions. In New York Citv he married Miss Miriam 



Franklin, who was born in Flushing, L. I., and 
received an excellent education in New York 
City, where her father, Joseph Fitch Franklin, 
was a broker. They are the parents of two chil- 
dren, Donald and Anita. A man of kind heart 
and liberal views, Mr. Cox is universally respect- 
ed by the people of Scranton, as well as in the 
other places to which business has taken him 

JUDGE WILLIAM J. LEWIS, general man- 
ager of the New York, Susquehanna & 
Western Coal Company at Scranton, and 
one of the most influential citizens of the city 
and county, was born in Carbondale, Pa., August 
27, 1843, ^nd is a son of John D. and Ann (Hop- 
kins) Lewis, natives of Wales. His paternal 
grandfather, David J. Lewis, died at Carbondale 
in 1854, aged seventy-six years. During the early 
days of the history of Carbondale, John D. Lewis 
established his home there, and being a practical 
miner, he was of great assistance in the develop- 
ment of the coal industry, then in its incipiency. 
For some years he was in the employ of the Dela- 
ware & Hudson Canal Company, but 'in 1858 
abandoned mining and turned his attention to 
farming in the township of Clifford, Susquehanna 
County. In 1866 he retired from active labors 
and returned to Carbondale, where he resided 
until the death of his wife, and then came to 
Scranton, where his last years w-ere spent in the 
home of his son, William J. Here he died in 
May, 1880, aged seventy-three. His wife passed 
away in March, 1876, at the age of seventy-six. 

There were five sons and two daughters in the 
parental family, of whom the eldest son, David, 
left home for California in 1852 and his subse- 
quent history to 1871 has been traced, but since 
then nothing has been heard of him. Another 
son, Lewis, died in i860; the eldest daughter, 
Gwennie, died in 1856; John F. is with the 
American Safety Lamp and Mine Supply Com- 
pany in Scranton ; Thomas lives in San Francis- 
co, as does also the only surviving daughter, 
Margaret E. Kenvin. William J., the youngest of 
the family, attended the Carbondale schools until 
nine years of age, after which he began to work 

in the coal mines, but the work was distasteful 
and at an early age he left home and secured 
work on a farm. When his father purchased a 
farm, he returned home, where he remained until 
his enlistment in the Union army in the fall of 
1862. He entered Company B, One Hundred 
and Seventy-seventh Pennsylvania Infantry, and 
was mustered into service at Montrose as a pri- 
vate, serving nine months. 

The company served principally along the dis- 
mal swamp in southern Virginia. When the bat- 
tle of Gettysburg was fought they were on their 
way to that place to reinforce the Army of the 
Potomac, and later were assigned to General 
Slocum's corps. They were mustered out at Har- 
risburg in September, 1863. Mr. Lewis returned 
home after about a year's absence. Though his 
opportunities for attending school were very lim- 
ited, yet by self-culture and careful reading he 
acciuired a fair education, and became a success- 
ful teacher in the public schools. As labor was 
very scarce in the coal mines and the work was 
profitable, he and his brother, John F., late in 
1864 engaged in mining coal in Jermyn. Early in 
1866 he came to Scranton and embarked in the 
general mercantile business in that portion of the 
city conmionly known as Providence. Soon, 
however, selling out, he started a hardware busi- 
ness in the same vicinity and for two years was 
a member of the firm of Lewis & Fish, after which 
he continued alone for five years. The venture 
proved unfortunate financially. 

Starting out again without capital, Mr. Lewis 
began as a fire insurance agent and conveyancer 
in Providence, and built up a large business, con- 
tinuing until 1886. In 1875 Governor Hartranft 
appointed him paymaster of the Ninth Regiment, 
National Guard of Pennsylvania, and in 1879 the 
same governor appointed him one of the first 
auditors of Lackawanna County, but he did not 
accept the position. On the separation of the 
county from Luzerne he was elected associate 
judge, and with Jvidges Handley, Hand and As- 
sociate Moffit, held court in Washington Hall in 
Lackawanna Avenue for five years, when, under 
the provisions of the new constitution, the office 
was abolished. In the fall of 1885, after a most 
hotlv contested fight, he was nominated on the 



Republican ticket for county sheriff and was elect- 
ed by a majority of nearly one thousand, notwith- 
standing the fact that his predecessor, Randolph 
Crippen, a Democrat, had been elected by a ma- 
jority of seventeen hundred, while his successor, 
Robinson, Democrat, was elected by more than 
two thousand majority. In January, 1886, he 
took the oath of office and served for three years, 
retiring in January, 1889, with a record for efifi- 
ciency second to no similar officer in the com- 
monwealth. In i88g, after the failure of the 
Scranton City Bank, Judge Lewis, representing 
the depositors, and Dr. Throop, representing the 
stockholders, were appointed trustees of the prop- 
erties, then known as the "Jessup leases," and it 
was largely through the able management of 
Judge Lewis in disposing of these properties that 
a speedy payment of the claims of the deposi- 
tors of the bank was made possible. October i 
1890, Judge Lewis accepted the position of gen- 
eral manager of the New York, Susquehanna & 
Western Coal Company. This company takes 
the output of eighteen collieries, which in 1895 
amounted to one and one-half million tons, the 
capacity being two and one-half million tons per 
. annum. Besides being general manager, he is a 
director of the company. He is one of the in- 
corporators and has been chosen president of the 
Susquehanna Connecting Railroad Company, 
which was chartered in 1896, with a capital of 
$500,000, for the construction and operation of 
a railroad from a point on the Wilkesbarre & 
Eastern Railroad, eleven miles easterlv from 
Wilkesbarre and extending through the counties 
of Luzerne and Lackawanna to a point in the 
borough of Winton, and which will probably be 
constructed and in operation before the close of 
1897. He is a director of the Dime Deposit and 
Discount Bank, and is largely interested in many 
of the industries in and about Scranton. 

December 31, 1863, Judge Lewis married Aliss 
Adeline Wells, who was born in Sus(|uehanna 
County and died there April 14, 1864. His sec- 
ond marriage took place in Scranton in March, 
1867, his wife being Miss Cassanda, daughter of 
William P.loss, a contractor and builder, and 
member of an old Pennsylvania family. Mrs. 
Cassanda Lewis died May 30, 1877, leaving two 

children, ^\"illiam J., Jr., assistant general inspec- 
tor of the Xew York, Susquehanna & Western 
Coal Company, and Effie, a graduate of Wilson 
College, Chambersburg, Pa. June 2, 1882, Judge 
Lewis married Miss Mary Griffith, a native of 
Wales, and they are the parents of a son, Walford 
C. The family reside in a substantial home in 
Edna .\venue. commanding one of the most ex- 
tensive and finest views obtainable in the city. 

In addition to this property Judge Lewis owns 
valuable real estate in the city and county. He 
aided in the organization of the north end board 
of trade and was its president for several years, 
but finally rlcclined further re-election. He is a 
member of (iriffin Post No. 139, G. A. R., and a 
Free and Accepted Mason of the thirty-second 
degree, but since his business affairs have re- 
(luired his entire attention, he has ceased to af- 
filiate with all the higher bodies, retaining a mem- 
bprship only in Hiram Lodge No. 261, in which 
he was raised in 1867, and of which he is a life 
member. I-'or fifteen consecutive years he was a 
trustee of the First Presljyterian Church of Provi- 
dence, during which time the handsome new edi- 
fice was^ erected and the finances of the church 
placed upon a solid foundation. His first vote 
was cast for Abraham Lincoln in 1864. and since 
that time he has taken an active and prominent 
part, as a Republican, in politics: serving at vari- 
ous times on the county and state committees. 
He is possessed of an extensive store of general 
knowledge and is the owner of a valuable librarv. 
He ranks high among the active men of the dav, 
both as a thinker and doer, and is of a genial and 
sunny disposition, with a kind w(ird for all. 

ROBERT McKENNA. Many years ago a 
young man of twenty-one years stood on 
the dock at Liverpool, undecided whether 
to seek a home in America or Australia. He had 
no friends in either land, and it seemed difficult 
to determine which ship to take. Finally he de- 
termined to leave his destiny to the flip of a penny 
and has never regretted that it turned "heads 
up" on the dock. America won and to America 
accordingly he came, taking passage on the 
sailer "Queen of the West," which reached New 



York March 13, 1848, after a voyage of thirty-five 
days. A stranger in a strange land, he was nev- 
ertheless very fortunate in his experiences, obtain- 
ing a position in the first shop he entered, and 
from that time to this he has never been out of 
employment. He is now master car builder for 
the Delaware, Lackawanna & Western Company, 
and resides in Scranton. 

The birth of Mr. McKenna occurred August 
2, 1826, in Girvan, a burgh of Ayrshire, Scotland, 
twenty-one miles from the city of Ayr. His fath- 
er, Robert, and grandfather, Fergus, both natives 
of the same place, were occupied respectively as 
farmer and carpenter, the former dying at seven- 
ty-three years. The mother, Jean McCreath, was 
born in Ayrshire, where her father, Gilbert, 
owned a farm. The McCreath family was of the 
old Covenanter faith and gave to the world sev- 
eral martyrs during the religious persecutions that 
troubled Scotland. Robert and Jean McKenna 
had four sons and two daughters, of whom John 
is foreman of the house department of the Hud- 
son River Railroad; Fergus, who occupies the 
old homestead, is employed in the freight depart- 
ment of a railroad there; Agnes, Mrs. Ferguson, 
resides in Rockland County, N. Y. The mother 
of these children died at the age of eighty-six 

Educated in the parochial schools, at the age 
of thirteen our subject was apprenticed to the 
carpenter's trade in Ayr, and served an appren- 
ticeship of seven years, becoming an expert car- 
l)enter, joiner and pattern maker. For two years 
afterward he was employed as a journeyman and 
saved his earnings until he had sufficient to pay 
his passage to another country. In February, 
1848, he went from Greenock to Liverpool, 
where chance led him to take passage for Amer- 
ica. For eighteen months after his arrival in New 
York he was employed as a pattern maker in a 
shop in the heart of the city, after which he was 
occupied as a builder in Morrisania, N. Y. Re- 
turning to the pattern shop in a short time, in 
1853 he became connected with the car shops of 
the Hudson River Railroad, and after six weeks 
there he was made foreman, in which capacity he 
was employed for seventeen years. June 15, 1870, 
he came to Scranton to accept the position of 

master car builder for the Delaware, Lackawanna 
& Western, a position tendered him while with 
the Hudson River Company. At the time he 
came here these works were small, being about 
one-third of their present capacity, but now they 
are the largest of the city. Employment is fur- 
nished to nearly one thousand hands and cars of 
every description, except sleepers, are manufac- 

The residence of Mr. McKenna is situated at 
No. 318 Madison Avenue. He was united in 
marriage in New York City to Miss Ann Fer- 
guson, daughter of David Ferguson, both na- 
tives of Scotland. The latter, who was a stone 
mason by trade, brought his family to America, 
and settled in New York, where his last years 
were spent. The family of Mr. and Mrs. Mc- 
Kenna consists of five children, all of whom were 
educated in Scranton. They are Mrs. Janet Luce, 
of this city; Jeanie and Katie; Robert F., 
draughtsman and pattern maker in charge of the 
air brake department of the Delaware, Lacka- 
wanna & Western; and David A., a pattern mak- 
er in the machine shop of this road. The family 
are members of the Presbyterian Church. Mr. 
McKenna is identified with the Republican partj 
and fraternally is connected with the Master Car 
Builders' iVssociation of the United States. 

THOMAS F. MULLEN is the proprietor of 
a plumbing establishment situated at No. 
315 Spruce Street, Scranton, where he has 
a commodious building, stocked with plumbers' 
supplies and steam and hot water heating appa- 
ratus. The Mullen family originated in Ireland. 
The first of the family to cross the Atlantic was 
James ]., our subject's father and a native of 
County Tyrone. When a boy he came to Amer- 
ica and worked on the canal at Rondout, N. Y., 
later being employed as an engineer on the river. 
In 1866 he came to Scranton, where he was sta- 
tionary engineer for the Delaware, Lackawanna 
& Western Railroad Company for many years. 
His death occurred in Hyde Park when he was 
seventy-one. For some time he was school con- 
troller from the third (now the twenty-first) ward. 
He was married in Carbondale to Alice Flanlev, 



a native of Irclaml, whence she accompanied her 
parents to Pennsylvania. Her death occurred in 
Hyde Park. Of their twelve children five are now 
living, all sons. 

Thomas F., who was the sixth in order of birth, 
was born in Ulster County, N. Y., in 1858, and in 
1866 was brought by his parents to Scranton, 
where he attended the public schools a short time. 
Before he was nine years of age he began to work 
as a slate picker. At the age of sixteen he was 
apjirenticed to the ])luml)er's and gas fitter's trade 
under Mr. Maloney, of .Scranton, with whom he 
remained for a few years. In 1888 he started in 
business on Wyoming Avenue, as a member of 
the tirm of Rollins & Mullen, but two years later 
the partnership was dissolved, and he has since 
been alone. He occupies the entire building at 
Xo. 315 .Spruce Street, where he uses the first 
floor for office and salesroom, and the second 
floor for tin shop and stock. He had the contract 
for the plumbing in the Hotel Jemiyn, the largest 
job of plumbing ever done in Lackawanna Coun- 
ty. Besides this, he had the contract for the 
plumbing in the Jermyn and Boies residences, 
the Blakely almshouse, and tiie heating of the 
Globe warehouse and the Keller, Blair, Rice and 
Jermyn residences. He is acting as agent for 
Richmond steam and hut water heaters, and is 
thoroughly informed regarding every detail of 
his work. At present he is a member of the 
Master Plumbers' Association of Scranton. In 
religious belief he is a Catholic and belongs to 
the Catholic .Mutual Benevolent Asso'ciation. He 
built the residence which he occupies at No. 337 
North Sumner Avenue, Hyde Park, and here 
he and his wife, formerly Alice Quinnan, have a 
comfortable home. Five children comprise their 
family, James, Mabel, Alice, Thomas and Rose. 

ably in northeastern Pennsylvania there is 
no educational institution better or more 
favorably known for effective work in preparation 
for college, than The School of the Lackawanna, 
of which Dr. Cann and Professor Buell are the 
principals. It is situated at No. 243 Jefferson 
Avenue, Scranton, and is attended by pupils not 

onlv friim this city, but many from other parts 
of the state. There are three departments, higher, 
intermediate and preparatory, where may be ob- 
tained a thorough English and business course, 
and training in history and classics. From this 
school students have been admitted to about 
tliirty different colleges, as many as sixteen col- 
leges receiving pupils in one year. A w-ell- 
ecjuipped physical laboratory is one of the valua- 
ble features of t!ie institution. Many men now 
])rominent in public life in this city and elsewhere 
laid the foundation of their knowledge here and 
look back upon the days spent in the school as 
among the happiest and. most useful of their lives. 

Born in Killingworth, Conn., Prof. Buell is the 
son of J. Sherman and F" ranees (Hull) Buell, na- 
tives of the same place, but now residents of Mad- 
ison, the same state. His father is of English and 
Welsh extraction, w-hile his mother, the daughter 
of Dr. J. Hull, is of English descent. He is next 
to the eldest of the family, the others being Rev. 
Lewin F., a graduate of Yale and pastor of the 
Congregational Church at Mt. Vernon, N. Y.; 
Collin S., A. M., a graduate of Yale, and prin- 
cipal of the Williams Memorial Institute, of New- 
London, Conn. ; Ralph J., a business man of Mad- 
ison, Conn.; Gertrude F., a graduate of Smith 
College and now an instructor in the high school 
in Brooklyn; and Edith }il.. who is principal of a 
public school in Madison, Conn. 

In the Alorgan school, at Clinton, Conn., the 
subject of this sketch prepared for college. In 
1876 he entered Yale College, and four years later 
graduated with the degree of A. B. and the honor 
of being chosen as one of the speakers at com- 
mencement. In 1883 he received the degree of 
A. M. At his graduation he became a member 
of the Phi Beta Kappa Society. In 1880 he was 
chosen principal of the Lee's Academy in Madi- 
son, Conn., and the following year became a 
teacher in The School of the Lackawanna, after 
which he did post-graduate work in Yale as 
Earned scholar. For one year he was prin- 
cipal of the Guilford (Conn.) Institute, and in 1884 
returned to Scranton as one of the principals of 
The School of the Lackawanna. He is a member 
of the American Philological Association and a 
man of broad literarv culture and extended 

J C. ni'.XRV WIUIRl'M. 



knowledge. In Scranton lie married Miss Louise 
H., daughter of Dr. Cann ; she was born in Wil- 
mington, Del., and received an excellent educa- 
tion in Frederick Seminary. 

Actively connected with the Y. M. C. A., it is 
due in no small degree to his work that the past 
four years have seen a growth of membership 
from thirty-five to three hundred. For one year 
he has been educational director of the John Ray- 
mond Institute of Y. M. C. A., and has for four 
years been chairman of the educational committee 
of the association. He is identified with the New 
England Society and the Lackawanna Society of 
History and Science, and in religious connec- 
tions is associated with the Second Presbyterian 
Church. In 1800-QI he traveled in Europe, visit- 
ing the British Isles, France, Germany, Italy, 
Greece, Turkey, The Netherlands, and matricu- 
lated at the University of Berlin, where he at- 
tended the lectures of Dr. Ernst Curtius upon 
Greek history and archeology. During his ab- 
sence abroad he contributed to American journals 
descriptions of the countries visited, their ad- 
vancement in educational work and methods 
adopted in their various institutions of learning. 


C. HENRY WEHRUM, general man- 
ager of the Lackawanna Iron & Steel 
Company at Scranton, was born in Pirma- 
sens, a town of Rhenish Bavaria, in the Vosges. 
His paternal ancestors for many successive gen- 
erations were identified with the history of that 
locality, and his father's maternal grandfather was 
the founder of the citv of Pirmasens, served as its 
mayor and was an ofificer in the German army. 
He is the son of Henry and Charlotte (Schweit- 
zer) Wehnnn, natives respectivelv of Pirmasens, 
Bavaria, and Biist, Alsace, the former of whom 
died when only twenty-eight years of age. The 
maternal grandfather was born in France, and 
spent his life principally in Alsace. Great-grand- 
father Kugler fought under the Great Napoleon, 
being one of the officers of his army. 

From Alsace our subject's mother removed to 
Bavaria, and in Pirmasens was married to Henry 
Wehrum, but after a few years was left a widow 
with tW'O children. Some time during the '50s, 

she came to America with her son, Charles C, 
but died soon afterward in New York City, and 
was buried in Greenwood cemetery. Charles C, 
at the age of twenty years, enlisted in the Twelfth 
Massachusetts Infantry, and served faithfully in 
defense of his adopted country. Both at Antie- 
tam and Gettysburg he received severe wounds. 
For faithful service he was promoted to the rank 
of captain and became acting adjutant on the gen- 
eral's stafif. At the expiration of his term of ser- 
vice he returned to New York, where he resumed 
his business enterprises. Accumulating a compe- 
tency, for some years he has lived retired from 
active work. For many years he has held the po- 
sition of school connnissioner, and has wielded 
an influence in educational and public afifairs in 
his city. 

At the age of seven years, in 1850, our subject 
was taken to the province of Lorraine, but his 
education was received principally in the college 
of Bouxviller, Alsace. In 1859 he went back to 
Lorraine and secured employment in the steel 
works at Mutterhausen, where he became depart- 
ment superintendent and chief of construction. In 
1871, at the time of the Franco-Prussian war, he 
deemed it prudent to change his occupation. 
Upon the close of the war he went to Strassburg, 
and established a wholesale and retail store. 
Later he became secretary of The Directorate and 
High Consistory of the Church of the Confession 
of Augsburg for the provinces of Alsace and Lor- 
raine, which office he held until he came to 

In the fall of 1874 Mr. Wehrum crossed the 
Atlantic, landing in New York City, where he re- 
mained until the following year. He then became 
an. engineer for the Lackawanna Iron & Coal 
Company, and in 1876 was made chief engineer. 
The plans of the new steel works were designed 
by him, and he was superintendent of construc- 
tion under W. W. Scranton, president of The 
Scranton Steel Company. On its consolidation 
with the Lackawanna Iron & Coal Company as 
the Lackawanna Iron & Steel Company in 1891, 
he remained in the service of Mr. Scranton until 
November, 1893, when he became chief engineer 
and superintendent of the consolidated concern. 
In February, 1896, he was made general man- 



ager, ami in this rcs]^()nsible position lias main- 
tained tlie high standard of the works. Employ- 
ment is furnished here to some three thousand 
hands, while many others are employed in the 

Since i8*)i Mr. Wehrum has made his home in 
Elmhurst, where he has a fine residence. While 
he has never taken an active part in politics, he is 
well inf(jrined in public affairs and is a Republi- 
can in opinion, favoring protection and sound 
money. Fralernally he is identified with the Be- 
nevolent Protective Order of Elks, Lackawanna 
County Society of History and Science and the 
Engineers Club. Formerly he held the position 
of jjresident of the Liederkranz. 

T T 7 1LL1AA1 F. KIESEL, cashier of the 
\ /\ / Lackawanna Iron & Steel Company at 

' ' Scranton and one of the honored citi- 
zens of this place, is a native of Germany, born in 
the beautiful old city of .Stuttgart, Wurtemberg, 
in December. 1836. He is a son of John G. 
Kiesel, who was born on his father's farm near 
Stuttgart, and on attaining manhood took a i)o- 
sition as watchman in the royal palace at Stutt- 
gart, continuing in that capacity until his death. 
which occurred at the age of seventy-four; his 
wife, who bore the maiden name of Dorothea 
Stierle, was born in Gundelbach, kingdom of 
Wurtemberg, and died in Stuttgart at the age of 
forty-four. The family consisted of only two 
children, William F. and Charles, both residents 
of Scranton. 

Receiving his education in the gymnasium 
near his home, the subject of this sketch, after 
graduation, secured a position as junior clerk 
in the government ofifice and afterward was made 
bookkeeper, remaining there for three years. In 

1854 he crossed the Atlantic in a sailing vessel, 
"Ocean Queen." which made the voyage from 
Havre to Xew York City in thirty-nine days. 
On his arrival in this country, he went to Dan- 
bury, C(jmi., where he worked on, a farm for four 
months, and afterward was employed for six 
montlis in a factory at Waterbury, Conn. In 

1855 he went to Wilkcsbarre, Pa., where he 
worked in Ihe coal mines for two months, and 

llien I)ecanie a clerk in the store of Grav & Bro. 

Almost immediately after coming to Scranton, 
in February, 1857, Mr, Kiesel was given the po- 
sition of bookkeeper for the Lackawanna Iron & 
Coal Company, and held the same until 1881, 
when he was made cashier. When the consolida- 
tion took place, he continued as cashier of the 
Lackawanna Iron & Steel Company, and now 
has the honor of being the oldest employe con- 
nected with both concerns. He is a director in 
the Scranton Savings Bank and for si.x years 
held a commission as notary public. In the 
Scranton Liederkranz he is an active member. 
The religious faith of his forefathers is the one 
in which he believes, and he is a trustee of the 
German Lutheran Church, at times having been 
president of the board. 

November 20, 1859, in Stuttgart, Germany, 
occurret! the inarriage of Mr. Kiesel to Miss 
Mary J. Neufifer, who was born there June 14, 
1841, being a daughter of Jacob Neufifer, a de- 
signer at that place. Eleven children, all of whom 
are living, comprise the family, namely: Mary, 
who is a notary public and insurance agent; 
Jennie; William, a graduate of Lehigh Univers- 
ity and now employed as mechanical engineer at 
Altoona, Pa, ; Emily ; Charles and Theodore, who 
are bookkeepers in the First National Bank; 
Anna, a graduate of the Mansfield State Normal 
School and wife of E. J. Fuchs, of Moosic; Al- 
bert, bookkeeper in the "Republican" office; 
Ernest, who is attending school; Lillie and Helen. 
The sons and daughters are well educated, intel- 
ligent and refined, respected in business circles 
and poptilar in society, comprising a family of 
whom the parents may well be proud. 

JOHN McCAWLEY. A resident of Carbon- 
dale since 1854, this gentleman has wit- 
nessed the rapid growth of the city and has 
taken a warm interest in the welfare of its people. 
His life has been a comparatively uneventful one, 
marked by no startling events, but he has 
"pursued the even tenor of his way"' in an 
honest, manly and industrious manner. His 
active life was given to work in the employ of 
the Delaware iSc Hudson Canal Company, but he 



is now living retired in his comfortable home at 
No. 30 River Street. 

The early years of Mr. McCavvley were passed 
in County Sligo, Ireland, where he was born in 
1823. Obliged to support himself from boyhood, 
he did not have any opportunities for acquiring 
an education, but the knowledge he has acquired 
was gained through experience in the hard 
school of toil. Resolving to seek a home in 
America, where better opportunities were pre- 
sented to a poor man, he crossed the Atlantic, 
landing in New York, and thence a week later 
coming to Carbondale, where he has since re- 
sided. He at once secured employment on the 
Gravity road of the Delaware & Hudson Canal 
Company, with whom he did faithful service for 
many years, until his retirement in advanced age. 

In his political opinions Mr. McCawley is in- 
dependent, refusing to tie himself to any political 
organization, but casting his ballot for the man 
best qualified, in his estimation, for an official 
position. He was reared to the Catholic faith, to 
which he has since adhered and in which he has 
trained his children. His marriage, which was 
solemnized in March, i860, united him with 
Mary Scott, a native of Ireland. They are the 
parents of six sons and one daughter, namely: 
James, who died in infancy; John P., who is 
employed on the railroad and resides in this city; 
Thomas; Peter, also a railroad employe; Frank, 
Mar)' Ann and James. 

writer, having spent several hours in the 
foundries of the Lackawanna Iron & Steel 
Company at Scranton, and noting with deep in- 
terest the many intricacies connected with the 
moulding, heating and puddling of iron, is pre- 
pared to say that the man who can successfully 
fill the responsible position of general foreman 
certainly possesses abilities of no ordinary kind. 
It is apparent, to even the most casual observer, 
that Mr. Leuthner, the incumbent of this posi- 
tion, is amply qualified for the accurate discharge 
of his manifold duties. Himself an incessant 
worker, his energy and vitality are infused 
throughout the entire place; he moves hither and 

thither among his men, directing the work, su- 
perintending every department, and throwing 
into even the smallest details some of his own 
persevering enthusiasm. 

The birth of Mr. Leuthner occurred December 
1, 1846, in the city of Schecr, Wurtemberg, on 
the Danube, near Ulm. He is the son of Frank 
Xavier Leuthner, who was born in I^.adcn, on the 
borders of Wurtemberg, and who in youth 
learned his father's trade of a hammersmith, emi- 
grating from his native land to America in 1885 
and settling in Scranton, where he died at sixty- 
three years. He married Caroline Ilummler, 
who was born in Schecr, and died in Germany at 
the age of thirty-three; her father, Nepemuk 
Hummler, owned the grist mills of Scheer. 

Of the parental family of eight children, five 
are living, four in Scranton and one in Chicago. 
Our subject, the eldest of the number, spent 
his childhood years in Scheer, attending the com- 
mon schools until fourteen. The following year 
he was apprenticed to the molders trade in his 
native place, and after two years went to Gopin- 
gen, where he worked a year. Later he was 
employed in Geislingen, seventeen miles from 
Ulm, where he remained for eight months. 
In 1866 he left Hamburg on the steamer 
"Titonia," and after a voyage of seventeen 
days landed in New York. His first work 
was in Williamsburg, a suburb of Brooklyn. In 
February, 1867, he came to Scranton, and a few 
days after his arrival began to work in the Dickson 
foundry. June 5, 1883, he was tendered the po- 
sition of foreman of the foundry of the Scranton 
Steel Company, and continued at the south mill 
after the consolidation. To his duties as foreman 
of the south, were in August, 1896, added those 
of foreman of the north foundry of the Lacka- 
wanna Iron & Steel Company. Here are man- 
ufactured castings of all sizes, from one-half 
pound to thirty thousand pounds, and the entire 
supervision of the work is in his hands. 

The home of Mr. Leuthner is at No. 856 
Capouse Avenue, Pine Brook. He was united 
in marriage, in Scranton, with Miss Mary Halde- 
man, who was born in Middletown, N. Y., and 
died in this city in 1887, leaving four children: 
Amelia; Minnie; Frank, a machinist; and Al- 



bert, who is learning- the niokler's trade nnder 
his father. The father of Mrs. Leuthner, Samuel 
Haldcnian, was born in Switzerland, emigrated 
to this coimtry, and settled in Albany, N. Y., then 
removed to Middlcton and afterward came to 
Scranton, where he died. His trade was that of 
a molder. 

Politically Mr. Leuthner is a Republican, and 
has represented the seventh ward upon the 
county committee. For two years lie has been 
president of the Liederkranz and is one of its 
active workers. He is past master of Schiller 
Lodge, F. & A. M., in wliich he has held im- 
portant positions ; is also a member of the Alli- 
ance Lodge, I. O. O. F., in which he is a past 
officer. Formerly he was identified with the en- 
campment and the Benevolent Protective Order 
of Elks. 

THOMAS O'CONNELL, of Carbondale, 
was born at Little Neck, Long Island, 
February 22, 1840, and is a son of Thomas 
and Mary (Ryan) O'Connell, natives of Ireland. 
His father, who emigrated to America at an early 
age, followed the trade of a shoemaker for some 
years in Xew York City, but died when our sub- 
ject was a small boy. The widowed mother after 
the death of her husband, in 1852, came to Car- 
bondale, where she had friends. She continued 
to make her lioinc here until her death, in 1857. 
Of her family three sons grew to mature years. 
Andrew served in the navy on the Pacific Coast 
during the Civil War, after which he was en- 
gaged in business in Carbondale with his brother 
Thomas; he died in 1875. Daniel, who was a 
private in the Fifty-seventh Pennsylvania In- 
fantry during the war, afterward ent^aged in the 
hotel and bottling business in Carbondale, where 
he died in March, 1896. 

At the time of coming to Carbondale our sub- 
ject was twelve years of age. However, he stayed 
here only a short time, when he returned to New 
York and was employed by a Mr. Fox in a bolt 
and nut shop. Later he went to New Haven, 
Conn., where he secured work in the shop of 
John Parsley. In 1854 he again came to Car- 
bondale, where he learned the confectioner's 

trade. In 1858 he went via the Isthmus of Pan- 
ama to California, landing in San Francisco, and 
then proceeding to the mines on the Pacific 
slope, where he was employed. After staying for 
a while in Sacraiiiento, Maysville and Grass XzS.- 
ley, he went to Virginia City, Nev., and embarked 
in mining on his own account, in partnership 
with several others. From there he journeyed to 
Idaho City, thence to Portland, Ore., and in i860 
sailed from San Francisco for his home in the 
east, having met with fair success in his enter- 
prises on the Pacific Coast. 

LTpon his return to Carbondale Mr. O'Connell 
began as a business man, and for the past thirty 
years he has been engaged in different branches 
of merchandise, including the dry goods and 
grocery business. At this writing he is pro- 
prietor of a grocery, in addition to which he has 
acted as administrator of various estates and 
guardian of minor heirs. In 1867 he married 
Miss Judith Gilligan, who was born in Carbon- 
dale, her parents having been among the very 
earliest settlers of the place. Her sister, who 
now resides with her, was the first child born 
here. ]\Ir. and Mrs. O'Connell have three chil- 
dren, of whom the son, Andrew, is a traveling 
salesman in western New York. Mary and Mar- 
garet reside at home. The family attend the 
Catholic Church, and are devoted adherents of 
that faith. Politically Mr. O'Connell always ad- 
vocated Democratic principles, but the campaign 
of 1896 found him on the side of sound money, 
and he backed this belief at the polls, where he 
cast his ballot for McKinlev and Hobart. 

HENRY T. KOEHLER, who has taken a 
very active part in political affairs in 
.Scranton and has been elected upon the 
Democratic ticket to various positions of respon- 
sibility, is a Pennsylvanian by birth, born in Erie 
County, December 18, 1861. He is a son of 
Henry Koehler, a native of Germany, who emi- 
grated to the United States in young manhood 
and settled in York, Pa., where he married 
Christine Mitzel. A man of broad education, a 
graduate in classics and theology, he was an 
efficient teacher of German and English in vari- 




oils cities of this state, but principally in Scran- 
ton, where he was employed in this capacity for 
twenty years. Later, removing to the west, he 
spent a short time in Iowa and Wisconsin, then 
went to Chicago, where he died about 1890. He 
adhered to the religious faith of his ancestors 
and was identified with the Lutheran Church. 
His wife, who was born in York, Pa., and still 
resides there, was the daughter of Jacob Mitzel, a 
farmer, who attained the age of ninety-seven 

In the family of Henry Koehler there were six 
children, namely: Jacob, who preaches to a con- 
gregation of deaf mutes and resides in Wayne 
Junction, Pa.; Henry T.; Robert P., who is in 
the cigar business in Scranton; Kate, who re- 
sides with her mother in York, Pa.; Fred M., 
who is connected with the job printing business 
of Koehler & Co., in Scranton; and Benjamin S., 
who resides in York, Pa. When our subject was 
only about nine years old he began to sell papers 
and afterward for several years he was office boy 
for the "Scranton Times." His next position was 
with Carney, Short & Co. (later Carney, Brown 
& Co.), cigar manufacturers, with whom he began 
as errand boy, but was soon promoted, in time 
becoming salesman in charge of the retail busi- 
ness. With this firm he remained from 1874 un- 
til the fall of 1891. 

■ Meantime, in 1887, Mr. Koehler was elected 
county auditor on the Democratic ticket and 
served a term of three years, from January, 1888, 
until January, 1891. In the fall of the last-named 
year he was elected register of wills, and took the 
oath of office in January, 1892, after which he 
served for three years, retiring in 1895. In April 
of the latter year he embarked in the shoe busi- 
ness in Spruce Street, as a member of the firm 
of Schank & Koehler, but in August, 1896, the 
partnership was dissolved, and in the fall of that 
year he was nominated to represent the second 
district of Lackawanna County in the legislature. 
In the election that followed he was defeated 
after an exciting contest. 

Fraternally Mr. Koehler is identified with the 
Benevolent Protective Order of Elks, Knights 
of Pythias No. 263 and Washington Camp No. 
242, P. O. S. of A., in which order he served for 

one term as state vice-president and assisted in 
organizing most of the camps in the northeastern 
part of the state. In 1888, when the state con- 
vention met in this city, he was chairman of the 
reception committee and took an active part in 
promoting the success of the gathering. He was 
the originator of the erection of the statue of 
George Washington on Court House Square, 
facing the federal hall, and being made president 
of the Washington Statue Association, carried 
the plan to a successful consummation. The statue 
was unveiled July 4, 1893, with appropriate cere- 
monies, Clarence Huth, national president of the 
Patriotic Order Sons of America, delivering the 
speech of presentation. In addition to his other 
public work, Mr. Koehler has frequently been a 
member of the county and city committees, and 
at one time was treasurer of tli^ latter organiza- 
tion. In all his efforts he has been influenced by 
a desire not only to advance party interests, but, 
above all, to secure the welfare of his fellow- 
citizens and promote the prosperity of the city 
with which his business interests are associated. 

PCLASKI CARTER. Providence may well 
complain that while the ability and public 
spirit of Scranton has been told by many a 
historian and celebrated at the elaborate annual 
banquets of the New England Society, the deeds 
and achievements of its foremost citizens have 
been relegated to the background by local his- 
torians, who delighted to call it "Razorville." 
Yet Providence was a place of considerable im- 
portance when Scranton was still "Slocum's Hol- 
low," and had it not been for the unfortunate 
termination oi a dispute between rival hostelries 
as to the location of Drinker turnpike across the 
river, it might to-day be a powerful rival of Scran- 
ton, if it had not been the real city. 

Among the men who built up Providence no 
name stands out clearer for strict integrity and 
honorable, upright honesty than does that of 
Pulaski Carter. He came of a family of New 
Englanders who prided themselves on the fact 
that for generations their word had been as good 
as their bond, and he inherited all the stern, un- 
bending honesty of his race. He was born at 




Westminster, I'unii., June 2^. 1813. His mother 
was of a gentle nature, possessing many lovely 
and lovable traits of character. Her health was 
never firm, and she died when Pulaski was nine 
months old. His father was an honest, upright, 
but very austere man. of a strong will and very 
strict in his family discijiline, a devout Christian 
of the Congregational faith, rigid to a fault in 
e.xacting observance of religious forms and cere- 
monies. It was said that after his wife's death 
he was scarcely ever known to smile. He was in 
good circinnslances, and desired that young Pu- 
laski should become a physician, but the young 
man had inherited his father's stron,g will, and he 
had decided to be a business man. With this 
end in view he went to Brooklyn, Conn., and 
learned the blacksmith's trade. While here he 
had the free use of the library of Rev. Samuel J. 
May, the Unitarian clergyman, who afterward 
became so well known as a leader with Garrison, 
I^hillips and others in the anti-slavery conflict. 
Mr. Carter's memory was so retentive that in 
after life he was able to recite whole pages of the 
works read in those years. When he finished 
learning the blacksmith's trade at Brooklyn, he 
went to Winsted. Conn., and entered the shop 
of Capt. Wheelock Thayer to learn scythe mak- 
ing. He was determined to know his business 
from the bottom up, and when he sold a man a 
scythe or an axe to know that it was good all 
the way through. While there he formed the ac- 
cpiaintance of Henry Harrison Crane, and the 
two young men formed a friendship that lasted 
through life. 

August 5, 1839, Mr. Carter married Susan 
Sophia Spaulding, of Abington, Conn., being 
then twenty-six years old. Having now learned 
his trade and being ready to go into business on 
his own account, he .started out the next year on 
a prospecting tour to find a place where he could 
locate and comnience his life's work. He visited 
several places, but finally decided that he would 
settle at Providence, Pa. He returned to Con- 
necticut, and the next year, 1841, brought his 
wife to her new hoine. In October, 1841, a little 
one came to brighten the home, but the mother 
died in November. Tlie next July the daughter 
followed, and Mr. Carter was left alone. On his 

arrival in Providence he rented shop room of 
Jacob Sager and Larned White, and entered upon 
the business of making scythes. In June, 1842, 
in company with Jerison White, he purchased 
the axe factory of Sager & White, and com- 
menced the manufacture of axes and scythes. 
This was the first manufactory of the kind in the 
state. In a little while Jerison White sold his 
interest to Larned White, and April 25, 1843, ^I"". 
Carter purchased Mr. White's interest and asso- 
ciated Mr. Crane with him in the business. 

August 7, 1843, Mr. Carter married again, his 
wife being Olive Ingalls, of Canterbury, Conn. 
She was a double cousin of the first wife, and 
they were said to be strikingly alike in form and 
feature. Mr. Crane, disliking the care and re- 
sponsibility the business entailed upon him, dis- 
posed of his interest, though still remaining with 
the concern. After this Mr. Carter associated 
Artemus Miller with him for a time, but soon 
after purchased all the outstanding interests and 
conducted the business alone. Prior to this some 
thirty acres of land were purchased, on which 
were erected the shops, buildings, etc., of the 
growing establishment, for there was a vast wil- 
derness all around them in those early days, and 
vigorous workmen were slaughtering the giants 
of the forest right and left, and "Carter's axes" 
were known to be reliable and were in great de- 
mand. For many years Mr. Carter remained sole 
owner of the "Capouse Works," named from the 
old IndiaiT chief of the Monceys, from whom also 
the Capouse Meadows received their name. 

In 1847 ^ great controversy arose over the 
question of "pay schools'' or "free schools." Full 
of his New England ideas on education, Mr. Car- 
ter, then a young man of thirty-four, threw him- 
self into the struggle heart and soul. Up and 
down the valley he went preaching the gospel of 
free schools. When the day came he had his 
forces well in hand and marshalled for the fray. 
The cause of free schools so ably championed 
by the young New Englander won by a decided 
majority, and this when Scranton was only just 
getting ready to grow. In 1850 the first public 
school building in Providence was erected on 
land given by Mr. Carter as long as it should be 
used for school purposes. In 1857 the first graded 



school building in the city was erected on the hill 
in Providence, and in the celebration of that event 
Mr. Carter received ample praise for his labors 
in behalf of free schools. He had made his mark 
and could have had any office in the gift of the 
people. In the early days of the citv he was 
urged to run for mayor, but his was a retiring 
nature, not caring for the bustle and excitement 
of politics, and he modestly but firmly put these 
offers by, and contented himself with seeing his 
business grow from year to year. However, he 
was treasurer of the Providence school board for 
twenty-eight years. 

In 1864 his factory burned down. It was onI\' 
insured for $10,000, and the loss was a heavy one, 
but as soon as his customers and friends heard of 
his loss, ofifers of help began to flow in. They 
knew the man, knew his uprightness and integ- 
rity, and this one and that one wrote him that 
they had ten, fifteen or twenty thousand dol- 
lars which he was welcome to, if he could find a 
place for it in his business, but again he put the 
tempting ofTer aside and rebuilt himself, without 
borrowing a dollar and preserved the independ- 
ence he loved so well. 

But it was as a temperance man that he was 
best known. He preached temperance and he 
practiced it. He was always active in the cause. 
Many a man he helped reclaim from a life of 
degradation and shame. He was an active, 
zealous worker, and the saloon keepers dreaded 
him. He fought licenses persistently. He was 
always ready to contribute of his time and means 
to aid the cause of temperance. That sounds as 
though he might have been fanatical, but he was 
not. He was an unostentatious man, but his 
great heart was easily moved to pity, his ear was 
ever open to the cry of distress, his hand and 
his purse ever ready to help the unfortunate and 
the down-fallen. 

In November, 1876, he met with a fearful acci- 
dent. Two men, reckless from drink, were racing 
their teams. Their wagons crushed in on each 
side of Mr. Carter's carriage, wrecking it and 
most seriously injuring him ; for days his life was 
despaired of, but a good constitution and the ab- 
stemious life he had always led prolonged his 
davs. He never recovered from the effects of this 

accident, and died October 13, 1884, aged 
seventy-one years. He left surviving him his 
widow and three children, the former still residing 
at the old homestead. The children, Pulaski P., 
Marvin P. and Amelia M., married to William 
De Witt Kennedy, still carry on the business 
he left, maintaining the high reputation he had 
built up. Mrs. Kennedy has always been inter- 
ested in church and charitable work, and was for 
thirteen years secretary of the Home for the 
Friendless, until she was elected vice-president. 

ing the years in which he has been a 
resident and professional man of Car- 
bondale. Dr. McGraw has become known as one 
of the energetic and stirring citizens of the city. 
Though young in years and in the practice of his 
profession, he is acknowledged to be one of the 
best dentists here, and his skill in this special line 
of work is well known. 

The birth of the subject of this sketch occurred 
at Silver Lake, Susquehanna County, Pa., April 
8. 1868. His father, Dennis McGraw, who was a 
native of New York, removed in early life to 
Pennsylvania and settled at Silver Lake, where 
he became a prosperous and enterprising farmer. 
Among the various local offices which he was 
called upon to fill were those of assessor, school 
director and poor officer. He was united in mar- 
riage with Mary McCormick, who was born in 
Apolachon Township, Susquehanna County, be- 
ing a member of one of the pioneer families of 
that locality. Her father, John McCormick, was 
killed by accident when our subject was a child. 
The remote ancestors were from Ireland, as were 
also the founders of the McGraw family in 

In the family of Dennis and Mary McGraw 
there are four sons and four daughters. The 
sons are F. L., a graduate of the Baltimore Den- 
tal College and a practicing dentist of Scranton : 
W. H., of this sketch; James and Augustine, 
who are with their parents on the home farm. 
Reared to manhood in the country, our subject 
began his education in the district schools, but 
afterward had the advantage of a course in 



Wood's Business College at Scranton. Upon 
the com])lction of his hterary education he en- 
tered the Baltimore Dental College, from which 
he graduated with honors in 1892. Thus equipped 
for the practice of his profession, he came to 
Carbondale, opened an office, and has since 
gained a place among the rising young profes- 
sional men of the city. He takes an interest in 
public affairs, and his support may be relied upon 
in matters affecting the prosperity of the people. 

HENRY F. ATHERTON. It has been cus- 
tomary to speak of men who have raised 
themselves to honorable stations in life 
without the aid of wealth or influential friends as 
"self-made.'' Such a man is the subject of this 
review, who started in life for himself with no 
other capital than energy, ability, and a determin- 
ation to succeed. That his desire has been ac- 
complished is noted by the fact that he is one of 
the most prominent citizens of Scranton. In his 
life we find an excellent example for young men 
just embarking in fields of activity, showing 
what may be accomplished by prudence, honesty 
and industn,', for it is the possession of these 
qualities that secured for him the position of pay- 
master for the Delaware & Hudson Canal Com- 
pany, which he has held since March 24, 1864. 
The Atherton family is of English origin. 
Jonathan, the great-grandfather of Henry F., was 
born in England, and with a brother emigrated 
to Massacliusctts, settling in Franklin County. 
One of that name served as a captain in King 
Phillip's War and was killed in l)attle. Jonathan, 
Jr., our subject's grandfather, was born in Frank- 
lin County, engaged in farming in Greenfield 
throughout most of his active life, held various 
local offices, and died at the age of eighty-seven. 
By his marriage to Huldah Chamberlain, a native 
of Durham, Conn., he had the following-named 
children: Susan, Martha, Alva, Almeda; Ralph, 
who came to Pennsylvania abmtt 1830, settled in 
Wyoming (then Troy), and later moved to De 
Kalb County, 111.; Maria; Permelia; Jonathan 
A., father of our subject, and Zora, who is living 
in Franklin County, Mass. The last two are the 
sole survivors. 

In Greenfield, Franklin County, Mass., where 
he was born, April 19, 1810, Jonathan A. Ather- 
ton attended school in the primitive days of edu- 
cational efforts, when children sat on benches in 
log houses and amid unfavorable surroundings 
were initiated into the mysteries of the "three 
R's." At the age of fourteen he was apprenticed 
to a boot and shoe maker in Bernardston, Frank- 
lin County, and served for five years, later travel- 
ing as a journeyman. In Brattleboro, Vt., he 
married Ellen S. Bennett, who was born there, of 
an old Connecticut family, and died in Susque- 
hanna County, Pa., in March, 1861, aged forty- 
six years. 

In 1835, accompanied by his wife and two little 
children, John R. and Henry F., Jonathan A. 
Atherton came to Pennsylvania, making the jour- 
ney from Brattleboro in a covered wagon, drawn 
by one horse. They crossed the Green Mount- 
ains, traveled from there to the Susquehanna 
River, and then drove to Montrose, thence going 
to West Troy (now Wyoming). They were led 
to select that location owing to the fact that 
Ralph, a brother of Mr. Atherton, had formerly 
settled there. In 1838 he removed to Hyde Park 
and worked at his trade until 1846, when he 
bought coal land in the Keiser Valley. This 
property he sold in 1855 and purchased a fine 
farm in Susquehanna County, a place consisting 
of one hundred and fifty acres situated in South 
Bridgewater Township, three miles south of 
Montrose. During the years of his residence there 
he added new buildings and placed the soil under 
excellent cultivation. The estate is still in his 
possession, but is operated by tenants, and he 
makes his Iicjme with his son, J. L., in Scranton. 

Nine children composed the family of Jona- 
than A. Atherton, of whom one died in infancy, 
and Fred, in Susquehanna County, August i, 
1873, when twenty-six years of age. The eldest, 
John R., was born in Verinont followed the 
wagon-niaker's trade, and died in Hyde Park in 
1 85 1. The survivors are Henry F., who was 
born in Bernardston, Mass., July 30, 1834; J. 
L., who has been with the Delaware & Hudson 
Canal Company since November of 1864, and is 
now assistant outside superintendent of the coal 
department; Rosella, wife of Hon. T. H. B. 



Lewis, an attorney of Wilkesbarre and ex-mem- 
ber of the legislature; Bicknell B., who is repre- 
sented on another page of this volume; Florence, 
Mrs. David Sherer, of Susquehanna County; and 
Sophia, Mrs. H. T. Lake, of Binghampton, N. Y. 

The long journey from the Green Mountains 
to the Wyoming Valley is not remembered by 
our subject, who was then only a year old. In 
1838 he was brought by his parents to Hyde 
Park, then Luzerne Count}', where in boyhood 
he attended school. In 1850 he secured a clerk- 
ship with O. P. Clark, an old merchant of that 
place, and three years later went to Honesdale, 
where he took a position with Foster Brothers, 
merchants. In 1855 he went to Montrose and 
entered business with Frank B. Chandler, a 
brother-in-law of Judge Jessup, but after three 
years went back to Honesdale, resuming his for- 
mer position with Foster Brothers. Upon the in- 
vasion of Lee into Pennsylvania Governor Cur- 
tin made a call for men to defend the capital and 
state. Mr. Atherton at once went to Harrisburg, 
Pa., where he joined Judge Jessup's company, 
which became part of the Twenty-eighth Penn- 
sylvania militia under Colonel Chamberlain, and 
Mr. Atherton was unanimously elected second 
lieutenant of Company B. During the engage- 
ment at Gettysburg his company was guarding 
a pass at South Mountain, then followed Lee into 
Maryland, and later returned to Harrisburg, 
where, the services of the company being no 
longer needed, he was honorably discharged. 

Going back to Honesdale, Mr. Atherton held 
his position there until March 24, 1864, when he 
resigned and came to Scranton in response to an 
invitation from E. W. Weston. He was tendered 
and accepted the position of accountant and as- 
sistant paymaster of the Delaware & Hudson 
Canal Company, which he held until January i, 
1869, and since then has been paymaster. This 
very responsible position he has filled with great- 
est efificiency, and has disbursed millions without 
the loss of a dollar to the company. The more than 
ninety-five thousand bank checks he has issued 
are arranged on file in numerical order, and every 
other department of his work is conducted in a 
manner equally systematic. He is paymaster for 
all the departments, railroad, coal, real estate and 

sales. To do this work accurately requires close 
attention, and obliges him to be constantly at his 
post of duty. Frequently he has had narrow 
escapes, as, the fact being known that the com- 
pany always pays in cash, plans have been laid 
to hold him up, but fortunately none of them 
ever succeeded. 

Politically Mr. Atherton is a stanch Repub- 
lican. For many years he officiated as an elder 
of the Providence Presbyterian Church. In 1867 
he was chosen treasurer of the Providence Gas 
& Water Company, and has acted in that capacity 
ever since. In addition to his comfortable home 
at No. 2104 North Main Avenue, he owns other 
valuable property in the city. At Honesdale, 
October 12, 1864, Mr. Atherton married Miss 
Abbie Foster Roe, who was bom and reared 
there. Her parents were John F. and Ruth 
(Sayre) Roe, both natives of Long Island. Mr. 
Roe was for sixty years a prominent merchant of 
Honesdale and a member of the Presbyterian 
Church; he was a cousin of E. P. and A. S. Roe. 
The five children of Mr. and Mrs.- Atherton are 
Carrie Foster; Annie; John R., who in Novem- 
ber, 1895, was appointed assistant paymaster for 
the Delaware & Hudson Canal Company; 
Thomas S., who is pay clerk in the office; and 
Henry F., Jr. 

CHARLES W. ZIEGLER. The century 
soon to close has been an age of inven- 
tions in every line of human activity, and 
in this respect the coal industry has not been 
neglected. Among the useful inventions that are 
gaining recognition throughout fhe country may 
be mentioned the Ziegler coal separator, of which 
the subject of this article is the inventor and pat- 
entee, and which is especially valuable owing to 
the fact that it reduces the cost of the production 
of coal. The plan is the construction of a series 
of plates, with the necessary spaces for the slate 
to fall thi'ough, advantage being taken of the fact 
that the specific gravity of the slate is heavier 
than that of coal and also ofTers more resisting 

At present superintendent of the von Storch 
shaft of the Delaware & Hudson mines, and for 



many years a resident of Scranton, Mr. Ziegler 
was born in Grossalnierode, Hesse-Nassau, 
Prussia. March 3. 1849. 'i"<l '^ ^ *"" o^ Frank and 
Christiana (Gundlach) Ziegler. natives of the 
same province. His paternal grandfather was in 
the Cierman army and accompanied Napoleon 
on his niarch to Russia. The maternal grand- 
father, William Gundlach, carried on a business 
that has been in the family over a thousand years 
and that is still conducted by his descendants, 
being sole manufacturer of crucibles for Ger- 

Reared in (iermany, I'rank Ziegler learned the 
nailers trade and was engaged in the manu- 
facture of nails, meeting with success until the 
revolution of 1848 ruined him. During that 
struggle he was pressed into service with his 
twelve teams, and on being permitted to return 
home, withcjut pay for liis service, he had only 
three teams and his business was ruined. This 
caused him to seek a home in America. In 1852 
he settled at Archbald, Pa., where he engaged in 
mining for the Delaware & Hudson Company, 
and later was with the Pennsylvania Coal Com- 
pany at Dimmore, where he died in 1874. In 
religious belief he was a member of the German 
Reformed Church. His wife died in 1882, aged 
seventy-two. They were the parents of two sons, 
our subject's brother being Henry J., who is en- 
gaged in the hardware business on the south 
side of Scranton. 

Two years after Frank Ziegler came to Amer- 
ica he sent for his wife and children, who took 
passage on a sailer at P>remen, and after a voyage 
of seven weeks and two days landed in Baltimore, 
going thence by rail to Philadelphia and Tama- 
qua, then by stage to Wilkesbarre and Scranton. 
At the time of the emigration our subject was 
between four and five years of age. He attended 
school in Pine Brook and Dunmore, and after 
going to work was a student in a night school 
taught by A. Bryden. At the age of nine he 
began to work as a slate picker in the Spencer 
coal mines. In i860 he became a slate picker in 
the Delaware & Hudson mines, operated by A. 
E. Albright, and when thirteen was made weigh- 
master, after which he gradually worked his w-ay 
upward to a position of responsibility. Since 

1872 he has been superintendent of the von 
Storch mines, having held the position longer 
than almost any superintendent in this localitv. 
In 1875 he devised his first coal separator, in 
1883 got up another, and now has constructed a 
third. The slate picker of 1875, which has been 
in constant use since introduced by the Delaware 
& Hudson, was about the first successful one in 
the valley, and has been constantly made more 
valuable by added improvements. It is now used 
in eighteen out of the twenty-one breakers of 
the Delaware & Hudson, and other companies 
have also adopted it with success. In length it is 
thirty-five feet, and some breakers have from six- 
teen to twent\--two of them. 

With his wife and four children, Jennie, Alice, 
Harriet and Carl W., Mr. Ziegler resides at No. 
1728 North Main Avenue. Mrs. Ziegler was for- 
merly Miss Nellie A. Kelly, and was born in 
Hawley, Pa., being the daughter of Peter Kelly, 
a native of New York. Though not a member 
of any denomination, our subject attends ■ the 
Presbyterian Church. Politically he is a firm 
Republican, always voting the party ticket. He 
was a charter member of the Independent Order 
of Odd Fellows, but has not continued his mem- 
bership. In Masonry he belongs to Hiram 
Lodge No. 261, F. & A. M., at Providence, Lack- 
awanna Chapter No. 185, Scranton Council and 

WILLIAM MOORE. From a family 
where noble Christian principles and 
pur])oses controlled both thought and 
action, our subject came. His early life was 
spent under the influences and in the presence of 
an example calculated to inspire in his mind the 
love of knowledge, the appreciation of a practical 
Christian life inspired by the spirit of the Great 
Master, and a patriotic devotion to the principles 
that lie at the foundation of our government. 
From his father, who was a soldier in the War 
of 1 81 2, an energetic farmer and a member of the 
Christian Church, he had, by precept and ex- 
ample, instilled in his mind a love of country, 
love of work and love of God. Of his parents 
mention is made in the sketch of his brother-in- 




law, Alfred L. Green, presented on another page. 

Upon a farm within the present city limits of 
Scranton the subject of this narrative was born, 
December 3, 1823. At the age of twenty-two he 
secured a clerkship with W. W. Winton, a mer- 
chant, and later was with A. B. Dunning. After 
a few years he was taken into partnership, the 
firm becoming Dunning & Moore, but later was 
alone, and continued in business until 1862. 
Again in 1878 he opened a store at No. 135 West 
Market street and there carried on a large busi- 
ness until 1889, when approaching age caused 
him to retire. Aluch of his time was given to 
the improvement of property. Purchasing a 
tract of land in Green Ridge, he laid it out in lots, 
and disposed of it as opportunity offered. He 
also bought coal lands, which he sold at a large 
profit. At one time he was interested in a brick 
yard in Throop. 

BeHeving the liquor traffic to be the greatest 
menace to our nation, Mr. Moore identified him- 
self with the Prohibition party and was a large 
contributor to this cause. At one lime he was 
the Prohibition candidate for assembly. He was 
interested in local matters and served for a time 
as treasurer of the borough of Providence. For 
forty years he was a member of the Christian 
Church, an earnest supporter of its doctrines, and 
a most liberal contributor to its maintenance. 
In fact, had it not been for his determined efTorts, 
the organization in Scranton would have been 
unable to continue its existence. When days 
were gloomy, his cheerfulness encouraged oth- 
ers; when poorer members were unable to give, 
he made up any deficits in the running ex- 
penses; and when the future of the cause seemed 
almost hopeless, he stood steadfastly, like a brave 
captain or a faithful pilot, never acknowledging 
that there was a chance of failure. It is due to 
his faithfulness that there is an organization to- 
day. It seemed almost fitting, under these cir- 
cumstances, and considering his great love for 
the church, that his spirit should take its flight 
from this earthly house of worship into eternal 
joy. His death, which was very sudden, took 
place .Sunday morning, February 16, 1896, im- 
mediately after the ordinance of the Lord's sup- 
per had been observed, and while he was seated 

in his pew. The shock was great, not only to the 
citizens of the community, but especially to his 
devoted wife, whom his death left alone. 

Miss Emily Ingalls, who became Mrs. Moore 
at Hampton, Windham County, Conn., October 
17, 1852, was a daughter of Marvin and Amelia 
(Spaulding) Ingalls, natives of Hampton and 
Abington, Windham County, and was next to 
the }'oungest of eight children, the others being 
Oliver, Mrs. Lydia Brown and Mrs. Malenda 
Lyon, all of whom died in Connecticut; Mrs. 
Olive Carter, of Scranton; Roger T., who died in 
York state; John S., whose death occurred in 
Scranton; and Walter, who is in Connecticut. 
Mrs. Moore was born in Hampton and remained 
in Connecticut until her marriage. For forty- 
one years she has made her home at No. 133 
West Market Street and has a wide acquaintance 
among the people of this locality. Throughout 
the years of wedded life she was linked with her 
husband so truly that she was a sharer in more 
than name in all the happenings and events of 
his career, rejoicing in his successes, cheering and 
sustaining him in the time of trial and threatened 
reverses, and sharing with him in the esteem of 
the people. 

JAMES B. FAULKNER. The majority of 
the citizens of Carbondale are acquainted 
with Mr. Faulkner, who has been a resident 
of this place since 1850. Coming here when the 
village was small, he has witnessed its gradual 
growth into a prosperous city and has himself 
contributed to its advancement. His active years 
have been given to service in the employ of the 
Delaware & Hudson Canal Company, but for 
some years past he has lived in retirement, hav- 
ing accumulated a sufficient amount of this 
world's goods to provide every comfort for his 
declining days. 

The father of our subject, Joseph Faulkner, 
was born in Orange County, N. Y., and grew to 
manhood there, choosing the medical profession 
for his life work, and to this he devoted his at- 
tention for a long time. He attained advanced 
years, dying when eighty years of age. His wife, 
who bore the maiden name of Priscilla Faulk- 



ncr, was a daughter of Dr. J. I'^aulkncr, and died 
at seventy-seven years. Her father was a man of 
patriotic spirit and great activity, and took part 
in the early wars of tlic country, as did also the 
paternal grandfather of our subject. 

The family of which our subject is a member 
consisted of ten children, namely : W'illiam; Cas- 
sandra, deceased; Clarissa; Marj^ Ann and Cath- 
arine, deceased; Thomas; James B., of this 
sketch; Martha, who lives in Hyde Park, Lacka- 
wanna County; Phinnie and John, deceased. 
Our subject was born in Dundas, Pa., June 28, 
1824, and had but limited opportunities for an 
education, as he worked on a farm the most of 
his time in boyhood. However, being observant 
and a thoughtful reader, he learned much by self- 
culture. On coming to Carbondale he began to 
work for the Delaware & Hudson Canal Com- 
pany, with whom he continued for thirty-three 
years. For seven years he was director of the 
poor, and for many years served as constable 
and collector, proving a capable and efficient 
officer. A Republican in politics, he is always 
willing to give a reason for his belief, and is a 
stanch supporter of the party platform. Frater- 
nally he is identified with the Independent Order 
of Odd Fellows, and is past grand of the lodge at 

The marriage of Mr. Faulkner united with him 
Miss Susan Murdock, a native of County Sligo, 
Ireland. They became the parents of ten chil- 
dren, named as follow-s: Franklin and Louise, 
who live in Carbondale; Lizzie, deceased; Mar- 
tha, whose home is in this city; Evaline, Evaline 
(2d) and Clarissa, deceased; George and 
Charles, who reside in Carbondale; and Sarah, 
who lives in Paterson, N. J. Mrs. Faulkner died 
November 13, 1896, aged si.\ty-si.x years. 

the long period of his residence in Scran- 
ton, Mr. Green became known as a man 
of public spirit and executive ability. Identified 
with every movement promising to promote the 
public welfare, enjoying a leading social posi- 
tion and contributing of his time and energy to 
public enterprises, he had an extensive ac- 

ijuaintance and possessed many warm friends. 
Of his personal characteristics, it may be said 
that he was self-poised, keen in perception, stead- 
fast in convictions, sagacious in council and ener- 
getic in action. The sturdy virtues which com- 
manded for him universal respect were rooted in 
a kind and sympathetic nature that won the en- 
during love of kindred and the affectionate re- 
gard of associates. 

Born in Widmore, England, January i, 1817, 
the subject of this article was reared in his native 
land and there learned the baker's trade. He 
had one brother, Benjamin, who preceded him 
to America and settled in Auburn, N. Y., where 
he remained until death. In 1844, at the age of 
twenty-seven, Alfred crossed the Atlantic and at 
once came to Scranton, where he secured work 
in the iron ore mines. After five years in that 
position, he opened a grocery in North Main 
Avenue, Hyde Park, but one year later sold out 
and turned his attention to mining. He was 
made inside foreman and then promoted to be 
superintendent of the Jermyn mines, which posi- 
tion he held until his death, in June, 1892. Dur- 
ing the latter part of his life he resided in Scran- 
ton, but continued to work in Jermyn. While 
interested in public affairs, he at no time aspired 
to official position, but from principle gave his 
allegiance to the Prohibition cause, though it 
then had little hope of even ultimate victory. In 
early life he was associated with the Odd Fel- 
lows. He was an elder in the Christian Church, 
to which his widow belongs. 

During the reign of the Molly Maguires, Mr. 
Green was the victim of a dastardly attempt at as- 
.sassination. One morning, while walking from 
Jermyn to the mines, and taking a short cut by 
the railroad, he heard the noise of footsteps be- 
hind him, and looking around saw three men 
coming toward him. One advanced and asked 
him for work, to which he replied that he had no 
work for any extra men that morning. He 
started on, but soon heard them coming again. 
1 le turned and saw three revolvers pointing at 
him. The men began shooting alternately, until 
nine shots were fired, he meantime backing away 
from them. Providence preserved him, for of 
the nine shots, one lodged in his left shoulder, 




another passed through his coat and vest, and a 
third through his whiskers. Robert Pearce, at a 
mine near by, heard the firing and recognized 
Mr. Green's voice, and called out to Mr. Mc- 
Cracken, who was in the office, that some one 
was attacking Mr. Green. McCracken at once 
seized a revolver and started to run in the direc- 
tion of the firing, Pearce following him. On see- 
ing the men he shot, but missed; then Pearce 
took the revolver, shot one man dead, wounded 
another in the ankle, while the third made his 
escape. The wounded man was captured and 
sent to the penitentiary. The wound Mr. Green 
received was not serious, and he soon recovered 
from it. 

In Blakcly Township, this county, in 1849, Mr. 
Green married Miss Lena Moore, who was born 
near Scranton, a daughter of Peter W. and 
Eleanor (Rossman) Moore. Her mother, who 
was born in Dutchess County, N. Y., September 
12, 1797, united with the Christian Church in 
1830, and continued a faithful member until her 
death, December 13, 1875. The grandfather of 
Mrs. Green, William Moore, was born in New 
York State, and for a time engaged in farming 
in Dutchess County, later becoming an early set- 
tler of Lackawanna Township, this county. His 
father was a native of Germany, and on coming 
to America settled on the Hudson River in New 
York State. 

Born in Dutchess County, October 10, 1783, 
Peter W. Moore served in the War of 1812, being 
stationed on Long Island. For some years he 
was a farmer in Blakely Township, near what is 
now Dickson, but afterward settled in Madi- 
son Township, where he died at sixty-four years 
of age. He was a firm believer in the doctrines of 
the Christian Church. His children were named 
as follows: Lavina, Mrs. Steward, who died in 
Dunmore; Jonathan, who died in Providence 
when young; Lena, Mrs. Green; William, late 
of Scranton, deceased in February, i8g6; Delos 
R., a retired business man of Scranton; Aaron, 
Amy, Clarissa and Parna, who died in early life; 
Thomas G. and John H., who reside in Scranton. 

The only son of Mr. and Mrs. Green, John D., 
was for several years manager of the Pittston 
stove works, but went west, and is now traveling 

salesman for stove works in Kalamazoo, Mich. 
The only daughter, Ida Bell, is an accomplished 
lady and is recognized as a talented musician 
and efficient music teacher. In religious con- 
nections she is identified with the Church of the 
Good Shepherd. Mrs. Green and Miss Ida reside 
at No. 415 West Market Street, where they en- 
tertain their many friends with pleasing hospi- 

JOHN B. SHANNON, one of the leading 
business men of Carbondale, was born in 
this city February 28, 1865, and is of Scotch 
parentage and ancestry. His father, the late 
Alexander Shannon, was born in Dumfries, Scot- 
land, July 12, 1825, grew to manhood upon the 
home farm and followed the occupation of an 
agriculturist in his native country until 1850, 
when he crossed the ocean and at once settled 
in Carbondale. His first employment was upon 
the farm of Hon. G. A. Grow, but after a short 
time there, lie secured work in the railroad de- 
partment of the Delaware & Hudson Canal Com- 
pany and continued with this organization until 
1870. Meantime he was under the Wurts Broth- 
ers, who were largely interested in the company 
and under whose direction he planted the trees 
in Hendricks Park, one of the finest in the val- 

In 1870 Alexander Shannon entered the em- 
ploy of Joseph B. Van Bergen & Co. (now the 
Van Bergen Company, Limited), the extensive 
manufacturers of Carbondale. With them he re- 
mained, occupying various positions, for twenty- 
three years, resigning in 1893 and retiring to 
private life. Soon afterward, on the loth of May, 
he died very suddenly. For many years he was 
a silent partner in the mercantile house of which 
our subject is now the head. He was a promi- 
nent worker in the First Presbyterian Church 
and was respected as a conscientious Christian 
gentleman. He was one of those sturdy, thrifty 
Scotchmen, who come to America to better their 
condition and at the same time make the country 
better for their having come. Economical and 
prudent in expenditures, he left a competency 
for his widow. 



Of the Shannon tainil\ in Scotland compara- 
tively little is known, lliree brothers of Alex- 
ander came to America, of whom two, James and 
David, were sea captains on the Pacific Ocean 
and were in California during the early history 
of that state; one was lost at sea with his ship 
and the other was killed in the gold mines of 
Australia. The third brother, William, came to 
America in 1857 and at the outbreak of the Civil 
War he entered the United States navy ami 
served under Commodores Farragut and Foote. 
At the Battle of Island No. 10, his boat was 
blown up by the Confederates and all on board 
killed except himself and two others. He re- 
mained in the navy until the close of the Rebel 
lion and from the effects of his service therein 
he died in Carbondale in 1869. A sister, Mrs. 
Mary Galone, is living in Scotland at Gateshouse 
of Fleet, county of Kirkcudbright. 

Our subject's mother, who bore the maiden 
name of Elizabeth Black, was bom in the 
county of Dumfries, Scotland, October 27, 1828, 
being the daughter of Theodore Edgar and Mary 
(Wilson) Black. From childhood she had been 
acquainted with Mr. Shannon and as soon as he 
was able to establish a home in this country, he 
sent for her to join him, which she did, crossing 
the ocean alone. They were married by Squire 
Root, in Carbondale, July 2, 1852, and for forty- 
one years they lived together in peace and con- 
tentment, sharing each other's burdens and joys, 
until his death separated them for this life. Soon 
after he passed away, she accompanied her son, 
John I'.., on a trip to her native heath, and while 
he visited the places of interest to tourists for 
two months she renewed the associations of 
her girlhood. While there was pleasure in visit- 
ing the old home, it was a melancholy pleasure, 
for few of her kinspeople or friends remained; 
some had sought new homes and some had gone 
to their long home, while she, too, returned in 
sorrow, mourning the loss of her husband. In 
religious belief, like the majority of Scotch peo- 
]3le, she is identified with the Presbyterian Church 
and is of a beautiful Christian character. She 
liad a brother and a half-brother; the former, 
John Black, came to America about 1857, and 
is the owner of a gold mine near Salt Lake Citv, 

where he lives; the latter, Theodore E., who 
came to America in 1885, is superintendent of a 
granite quarry at Xiantic, R. I. A brother, 
Samuel Black, is a large and wealthy farmer at 
New Galloway, Scotland, and a sister, the widow 
of Samuel W^alker, resides at the same place. 

The family of which our subject is a member 
originally consisted of seven children, but four 
(lied in 1865, of an epidemic that raged in this 
community. The eldest living son, David A., 
who is engaged in the quarry business in Rhode 
Island, is married and has one child. William, 
who was born Alay 10, 1863, was for several 
years connected with the freight department of 
the Delaware & Hudson Railroad Company at 
Carbondale, but since 1889' has been a ineinber 
of the firm of John B. Shannon & Co. He mar- 
ried Caroline, daughter of Philander and Lucy 
Foster, of Carbondale, and they are the parents 
of two children, Frank F. and Helen. While 
not connected with any denomination, he at- 
tends the Methodist Church, of which his wife 
is a member. Fraternally he is a member of the 
encampment of Odd Fellows. 

Prior to tht age of fifteen our subject attended 
the public schools. At eighteen years of age, 
after having worked as clerk for three years, his 
father, having full confidence in his business 
ability and integrity, purchased a half-interest in 
the business of William Miller, established five 
years before. The firm then became Miller & 
Shannon, with his father as a silent partner and 
himself the active meinber. Though so young, 
he succeeded from the first and finally became 
the head of the house. Since 1889 the firm has 
been J. B. Shannon & Co., with his brother Will- 
iam as the company. In addition to the mercan- 
tile business, he has also been interested largely 
in real estate, his investments on Belmont Street 
and also the firm investment in the Egerton 
property, adjoining the handsome new Hotel 
American, having proved wise investments. Air. 
Shannon, in partnership with Hon. J. F. Rey- 
nolds, ])urchased of the Johnson estate, a tract 
of land adjacent to the city and added it to our 
city, which they called Reynshanhurst, selecting 
that name from eight hundred names suggested, 
in answer to an advertisement in our local papers, 



offering a prize to the person giving the most 
appropriate name to the plot. "Reyn-Shan- 
Hurst," combining the first half of the names 
of the owners, was chosen and John H. Reese of 
our city received the prize. The plot was laid 
out in avenues and lots, one avenue being named 
Shannon Avenue after our subject. Reynshan- 
hurst is now one of our prettiest suburbs and in 
it are being rapidly built some of the handsomest 
residences in the city, and the proprietors are 
reaping the benefit of their wisdom in buying 
the plot, by the handsome returns from the sale 
of the lots. 

Mr. Shannon has been largely engaged in the 
life insurance business, being district agent for 
the New York Life Insurance Company and one 
of the heaviest writers in the country, and ex- 
hibits a gold medal presented by President John 
A. McCall, for his able work as solicitor for that 
company. Other enterprises have received his 
active support and warm interest. He is a stock- 
holder in the Electric Light, Heat and Power 
Company, Klots Bros. Silk Mill, Pendleton 
Manufacturing Company and the Sperl Heater 
Company, and is recognized as one of the most 
thorough and enterprising business men in Car- 

Fraternally Mr. Shannon is a Knights Templar 
Mason, a noble of the Mystic Shrine, an encamp- 
ment Odd Fellow and a Knight of Pythias, and 
in religious belief is connected with the Presby- 
terian Church. In December, 1886, he married 
Marietta Miller, of Clifford, Pa., daughter of a 
farmer of that place. They have a pleasant home 
on Wyoming Street, where the winter months 
are spent, while their summer home is at Crys- 
tal Lake, situated four and one-half miles west 
of Carbondale. This lovely body, so named 
from its clear spring water, is the highest lake 
in the state. It has a fine bathing beach and af- 
fords excellent fishing. At its high elevation 
with its bracing atmosphere and inherent charms, 
commanding a lovely view of the surrounding 
country, there stretches out from it a panorama 
of unexcelled loveliness, extending for many 
miles. Elk Mountain, the highest in the state, 
in adjacent proximity and the Blueridge Moun- 
tains looming up in the distance, add to the al- 

ready indescribable charms of its surroundings. 
Here at Lake View cottage, on the western shore 
of the lake, situated on the broad boulevard that 
runs around the lake making a lovely drive of 
three miles, Mr. Shannon spends his summers. 
His cottage commands a view also of Newton 
lake, one-eighth of a mile from its sister body, 
but nearly one hundred feet lower. The cottage, 
with its lovely lawns, fountain, windmill and stor- 
age tank for supplying the cottage with water and 
his spacious stables, is met on the drive from the 
delightful resort "Fern Hall Hotel," owned by 
R. W. and J. W. Johnson of New Brunswick, 
N. J., and is one of the most pleasantly situated 
at this delightful resort. Mr. Shannon has done 
much toward making this resort wiiat it is, and 
is interested in the Crystal Lake Improvement 
Company, which owns the Sharpless tract, on the 
eastern shore of the lake. This company has 
made extensive improvements on their tract and 
it is sewered on the latest improved sanitary 
plans, lotted off into desirable sites, for building 
purposes, with wide avenues, reserving a plot for 
a park along the lake front, and has recently been 
placed on the market. 

In the death of this gentleman, Decem- 
ber 4, 1894, Scranton lost one of its pub- 
lic-spirited and high-minded citizens, while from 
the bereaved family circle a devoted husband and 
father was removed, leaving a void in their lives 
that even his honored memory cannot fill. A 
resident of this city throughout almost his entire 
life, he received his education in the common 
schools, and his training at home and in school 
was such as to instill in his mind the firm princi- 
ples that characterized him in after years. He 
was an able attorney, keen in mental analysis and 
logical in reasoning, and the legal profession 
throughout the state was honored by his ability 
and talent. 

The Connolly family originated in Ireland, 
whence our subject's father, John Connolly, was 
brought to America by his parents at the age of 
seven years, growing to manhood in New York 
Citv, where he remained until twenty-one years 



of age. When the Albany & Boston Railroad 
Company began the building of their road in 
Massachusetts, he became foreman for Mr. 
O'Neill, his brother-in-law, and while w^orking 
near Montgomery, that state, he made the ac- 
quaintance of and married Miss Ann Allyn, 
daughter of a prosperous farmer of Montgomery, 
and granddaughter of David Allyn, a Revolution- 
ary soldier. Her grandmother was a Miss Tyler, 
a near relative of John Tyler, former President 
of the United States. The Allyn family came 
from England early in the seventeenth century 
and settled at Allyn's Point, in Connecticut. 
Their descendants were among the best people 
of New England. 

From Cochecton, N. Y., where he was born 
April 24, 1847, the subject of this memoir was 
brought to Scranton in 1849, ^"d here he after- 
ward resided. Cherishing from an early age the 
ambition of becoming an attorney, he studied 
law w^ith A. A. Chase, and was admitted to the 
bar in May, 1870, after which he opened an office 
here. Two years later he was the candidate of 
the citizens' ticket for district attorney. After 
the erection of the new county, he was elected 
law judge by the Democratic and Greenback- 
Labor parties, but the supreme court decided 
that the election had been held too soon and was, 
therefore, void. In 1880 he was nominated for 
congress by the Democratic and Labor parties, 
but H. B. Wright, who was defeated in the con- 
vention, became an independent candidate, thus 
dividing the Democratic votes, and the conse- 
quence was that the Republican nominee was 
elected. In 1882 he was again a candidate for 
congress and defeated Mr. Scranton, but was in 
turn defeated by the latter for re-election. While 
a member of congress he served on the com- 
mittees on pension, bounty and back pay, ex- 
penditures in the treasury department, and mili- 
tary afifairs. 

The recognized value of Mr. Connolly in his 
party caused his appointment, in 1885, by Presi- 
dent Cleveland, to the position of postmaster of 
Scranton, in which responsible office he served 
w'ith the greatest efficiency and to the satisfaction 
of all, of whatever party. In 1888 he was a dele- 
gate from Pennsylvania to the national conven- 

tion at St. Louis and cast his vote for Cleveland 
and Thurman. In all places and under all cir- 
cumstances he was faithful to his party, mindful 
of its highest interests, and interested in its pro- 
gress and success. In fact, without saying any- 
thing to the disparagement of others, it may be 
stated with truth that the Democratic party has 
at no time had a champion more enthusiastic, 
more aljle and more intelligent than he. 

In 1874 Mr. Connolly formed a law partner- 
ship with the late Judge John F. Connolly, and 
several years later, on dissolving that connection, 
he continued alone, but in 1888 he became asso- 
ciated with J. Alton Davis. The two were to- 
gether until the death of Mr. Connolly. In ad- 
dition to his law practice, he was the prime factor 
in the organization of the Scranton Fire Brick 
Company, and was its president until his death. 

The first marriage of Mr. Connolly, which 
took place in 1873, united him with Miss Maggie 
Corneilison, of Danville, Pa., but she and her 
two children died in 1879. I" 1882 he married 
Miss Alma, daughter of William Price, an hon- 
ored resident of the west side, of whom mention 
is elsewhere made. Mrs. Connolly was born in 
Pittston, and in girlhood attended the schools of 
Hyde Park. Soon after her marriage, the family 
residence at No. 1509 North Washington Avenue 
was erected, and here she and her six children 
make their home, the latter being named J. 
Harry, Marie Louise, Frederick William, 
Eleanor, Robert Allyn, and Daniel Ward. For 
two years before his death Mr. Connolly was in 
ill health, but continued to look after his business 
and professional interests as long as it was pos- 
sible. November 8 he was stricken by paralysis 
of the side and suffered continually from that 
time until he passed away, December 4, 1894. 
He was a man of sterling worth, upright and 
honorable in all relations of life, and his ability 
was recognized by all who knew him. 

ARTHUR H. LEE, A. B. Since 1890 Mr. 
Lee has held the position of superintend- 
ent of the blast furnaces of the Lacka- 
wanna Iron & Steel Company at Scranton, a 
responsible place, in which his efficiency and re- 



liability have been thoroughly proved. The ore 
roasters near the tunnel, built in 1896, for reduc- 
ing the amount of sulphur in the Cornwall ore, 
belong to the furnace department, and have a 
capacity of five hundred tons per day. When the 
furnaces are operated at their full capacity, em- 
ployment is given to five hundred men. 

The Lee family originated in England, but has 
been represented in New England since the early 
part of the eighteenth century. John C, grand- 
father of our subject, was born in Massachusetts 
and resided in Salem during most of his life, 
being engaged as a merchant in the East India 
trade. Our subject's father, John R. Lee, was 
born in Boston and carried on a merchant trade 
with East India for many years, until the busi- 
ness ceased to be remunerative. At the opening 
of the Civil War he enlisted as a member of the 
first regiment of infantry from Massachusetts, 
and served as quartermaster, taking part in the 
first battle of Bull Run and subsequent engage- 
ments with the enemy. During the latter part 
of the Rebellion, he was in Bombay, India, set- 
tling up some business interests there. After the 
war he engaged in the general brokerage busi- 
ness until his retirement to private life. He has 
made his home in Brookline, a suburb of Boston, 
Mass., for many years. 

The maternal grandfather of our subject, Ben- 
jamin Howard, who was born in Boston, en- 
gaged in the shipping business in South America 
as senior member of the firm of B. Howard & 
Sons, but was unfortunate in losing several ves- 
sels at the hands of the Confederate cruiser, "Ala- 
bama." His daughter, Lucy, was born in Boston, 
and has had five children, all living, Arthur H. 
being the eldest and the only one in Pennsylvania. 
His childhood years were passed in Roxbury and 
Salem, Mass., and he prepared for college in the 
Roxbury Latin School. In 1875 he entered Har- 
vard L^niversity, from which he graduated in 
June, 1879, with the degree of A. B. In October 
of the same year he came to Scranton and en- 
tered the shops of the Delaware, Lackawanna & 
Western Company, with the intention of learning 
the railroad business, but the steel industry soon 
became so prominent that he determined to fol- 
low it instead of the other. His first position 

with the Lackawanna Iron & Coal Company was 
that of outside foreman in the converting works, 
and in 1886 he was made assistant superintendent 
of the blast furnaces under Mr. Mofifat. In 1890, 
when that gentleman was made general manager, 
he was promoted to the superintendency of the 
blast furnaces. 

Mr. Lee owns a comfortable residence. No. 323 
Clay Avenue. He was married in Scranton to 
Miss Marie L. Foster, who was born in Carbon- 
dale, but has spent her life principally in Scran- 
ton. She is a daughter of George and Maria 
(Bennett) Foster, the former a native of South- 
ampton, L. I., and the latter a member of an old 
family of Brattleboro, Vt. 

Mr. and Mrs. Lee have had four children, Ar- 
thur H. (deceased), Harry F., Lilian H. and 
John R. Politically Mr. Lee is a stanch Repub- 
lican. He is a member of the Alumni Society of 
Harvard University and the Scranton Engineers' 
Club. In 1880 he enlisted in Company A, Thir- 
teenth Pennsylvania National Guard, and served 
for fourteen years. From the ranks he was pro- 
moted to be corporal, then first sergeant, later 
second lieutenant, and, after three weeks, in 
1889, was made first lieutenant, serving in that 
office until 1894, when he retired from the guard. 
He was a sharpshooter and, with other members 
of his company, was stationed at Homestead dur- 
ing the strikes there. 

CHARLES G. ELLIS, of the firm of C. G. 
Ellis & Co., Carbondale, was born in 
York County, this state, October 9, 1868, 
and is of Welsh parentage and descent. His 
father, Griffith G., who was born in Wales in 
1837, crossed the Atlantic in company with his 
parents at the age of twelve years and made 
settlement in York County, Pa., where the prin- 
cipal portion of his life was passed. He fol- 
lowed the occupation of a slate splitter until his 
death, which occurred in the prime of manhood. 
The paternal grandfather, also named Griffith, 
spent his last years in York County, where he 
cultivated a farm and operated a quarry. He 
was one of the leading men of his community 
and served for ten years as justice of the peace, 
filling the position satisfactorily and efficiently. 



Tlie mother of our subject, who bore the 
maiden name of Margaret Lloj'd, was born in 
Wales, and at an early age was brought to Amer- 
ica by her father, Thomas Lloyd, who settled in 
Jermyn, Pa., and secured work in the mines. 
After the death of her husband, she remained a 
widow until her death in 1886. Of her family 
of five children, all but one attained years of 
maturity. Aiuia and Thomas reside in Jermyn, 
where he is employed in the mines. (irifTith, who 
was a marble and stone cutter, died in July, 1896, 
at the age of twenty-two years. Our subject, 
wIhj was the eldest of the children, made his 
licinu- with his paternal grandfather after the 
death of his father. Though not able to secure 
many educational advantages, by observation 
and e.xperience he has gained broad general in- 
formation. In his youth he learned the slate 
splitter's trade and later served an apprenticeship 
to the trade of a blacksmith. 

Coming to Carbondale in i8qo, Mr. Ellis en- 
gaged in the marble and granite business and 
has since carried on a large trade in that line, 
under the firm title of C. G. Ellis & Co. He is 
active and energetic and has already attained a 
degree of success commendable in one scarcely 
yet in his prime. In October, 1893, he married 
Miss Ada M. Martyn, of Jermyn, who died 
Febniary 20, 1896, leaving one child. Emer- 
son \\'. 

JAMES J. PADDEX, proprietor of the Pad- 
den Hotel in Washington Avenue, Scran- 
ton, was born in this city April 17, 1866, a 
s(jn of Cornelius and Mary (Davitt) Padden. 
His father, who was an early settler of Scranton, 
was a practical miner in the employ of the Lack- 
awanna Iron & Coal Company and retained his 
connection with that concern until his death in 
1882. Me married a sister of Michael Davitt, 
M. P., who attained a worldwide reputation 
through his services as the representative of the 
East Mayo (Ireland) district in parliament and 
was known as an eloquent speaker and a warm 
supporter of Gladstone's home rule policy. Mrs. 
Mary Padden was born in County Mayo, and 
now makes her home with our subject. 

The parental famih' consisted of seven chil- 
dren, of whom James J. is the eldest. He was 
reared in Scranton and received a common 
school education here. At the age of fourteen 
he was apprenticed to the printer's trade in the 
office of the "Scranton Times,'' where he re- 
mained about six years. For ten years following 
he was a compositor in the printing office of the 
''Scranton Truth," but finally gave up the trade 
to engage in the hotel business. In 1891 he be- 
gan in the hotel business at his present location, 
but in an old building. In the spring of the fol- 
lowing year he erected a substantial three-story 
hotel on the same site, Washington Avenue and 
Phelps Street, where he has a building 40x65 feet 
in dimensions, and fitted with all the modern 
conveniences for carrying on a successful hotel 

Mr. Padden has always been a firm supporter 
of tlic principles for which the Democratic party 
stands and has served as delegate to local con- 

WILLIAM LOVE, one of the veterans of 
the Civil War and a resident of Scran- 
ton since 1853, was born in West Pitts- 
ton, Pa., March 15, 1831. The family of which 
he is a member has been identified with the his- 
tory of this country for many generations, and 
prior to coming to Pennsylvania its members 
were residents of Connecticut. His father, Wil- 
liam, was born in Pennsylvania, whither his 
father had come from New England. At an 
early age he shouldered his gun and started out 
for service in the War of 1812, where he made an 
honoral)le record. During the early days of the 
century, wild animals were still to be found in 
some parts of the state, and around his log house 
the wolves often howled at night. From an un- 
cleared tract he evolved a fine farm, and there, 
surrounded by every comfort, his last days were 
passed. He died at the age of eighty-five and 
was burierl in Wyoming. 

The mother of our subject was Eunice La 
France, whose sister, Kate, became the mother 
of Col. Tra Tripp. She was a daughter of Peter 
La France, a native of France and an earlv set- 



tier of Pennsylvania, where he engaged in farm 
pursuits. One of his sons, Samuel, served in the 
War of 1812. Mrs. Eunice Love died at sixty- 
five years of age. Of her six sons and five 
daughters that attained mature years, two sons 
and one daughter are living. Joseph T., who 
was a member of the cavalry in the Mexican War 
and also served in the Civil War, died in Kansas 
in 1894. John is now living in Omaha, Neb. 

The youngest son of the family, William, was 
reared on the home farm and gained his educa- 
tion in a school taught in a log building, pro- 
vided with few of the furnishings now considered 
indispensable in every school. At the age of 
fifteen he was apprenticed to the blacksmith's 
trade under James Knapp in Pittston, with whom 
he served for three years. For more than two 
years he was employed as tool sharpener at the 
Narrows, where men were quarrying stone for 
the erection of the first bridge at Pittston. Next 
he went to Honesdale and opened a blacksmith's 
shop, but after five years sold out. In 1853 he 
opened a shop in North Main Avenue, Provi- 
dence, where he soon became known as a black- 
smith and practical horse-shoer. For years he 
has shod the track horses here, including J. I. C. 
and others famous on the turf, and his opinion is 
regarded as authority in all ailments of horses' 

In Mt. Pleasant, Wayne County, Mr. Love 
married ]Miss Martha B. Spafiford, a native of 
Connecticut, and daughter of John Spafiford, a 
farmer by occupation. They became the parents 
of four daughters, namely: Nettie, Mrs. A. D. 
Lord, of Chicago; Janie, Mrs. Griffin, deceased: 
Mrs. Nellie Huffman, of Scranton: and Mrs. 
Mamie Raub, also of this city. In the Provi- 
dence Presbyterian Church Mr. Love has been 
a member of the board of trustees. More than 
thirty-two years ago he was a charter member of 
Celestial Lodge, I. O. O. F., and in former years 
was also identified with the encampment and con- 
clave. Politically he favors Republican princi- 

During the progress of the war, Mr. Love's 
patriotic spirit was aroused. He locked his 
shop, gave the key to his wife, and started out to 
serve his country. In March of that vear his 

name was enrolled as a member of Company F, 
Third Pennsylvania Heavy Artillery, and he 
was mustered into service at Philadelphia. He 
was present at Petersburg, Ft. Fisher and the va- 
rious engagements along the James under Gen- 
eral Terry. He was never off duty until after the 
surrender of Lee. In November, 1865, he was 
honorably discharged at Philadelphia, and re- 
turned home to resume business matters that had 
been neglected during his long absence. He is 
a member of Lieut. Ezra .S. Griffin Post No. 139, 
G. A. R., in which he has been a trustee. 

JOHN J. SULLIVAN, M. D. The science 
of medicine has, within comparatively re- 
cent years, reached so high a state of de- 
velopment that those who enter it with the ex- 
pectation of reaping success must be men of 
broad intellectual acumen and liberal education. 
Only such can hope to gain high rank in the pro- 
fession, but to such it offers a splendid field of 
work. A physician of keen intelligence, thor- 
ough knowledge of the human system and its 
needs, and skill in diagnosis, may reasonably 
expect to achieve success in his practice, even in 
the face of opposing environments. 

Realizing the need of a broad and solid found- 
ation for his medical work, the subject of this 
sketch determined to acquire a thorough educa- 
tion in the science, and with this end in view, in 
1877 he entered the College of Physicians and 
Surgeons at Baltimore, where he took the regu- 
lar course of lectures and graduated in 1880, with 
the degree of M. D. Returning to Scranton. 
where he had established his home in 1874. he at 
once opened an office and began the practice of 
his profession. Since that time he has gradually 
worked his way up from a position of little prom- 
inence to rank among the influential and success- 
ful physicians and surgeons of the city. As a 
surgeon he has met with especial success, his 
calmness, coolness of nerve and steady equipoise 
of mind even in the midst of excitement and dan- 
ger, having contributed to secure success in diffi- 
cult operations. 

Lender Mayor Beamish Dr. Sullivan was ap- 
pointed to the position of health officer and con- 



tinued in that capacity until the close of the 
administration. For a time he also served as 
outside physician for the city poor department, 
having under his charge a district to which five 
physicians are now assigned. At the close of his 
term he relinquished all official duties and has 
since devoted his time and attention to private 
practice, his office being at No. 1838 North Main 
Avenue, Providence. He is physician in charge 
of the House of the Good Shepherd in Provi- 
dence, one of the largest institutions of the kind 
in the county. In the Irish Military Union he is 
surgeon, with the rank of colonel, on the stafT 
of the general in New York City. 

At Scranton, in 1877, Dr. Sullivan was united 
in marriage with Mary E.. daughter of Michael 
Burke, a retired citizen and old settler of this 
place. They are the parents of seven children, 
of whom the eldest, John J., Jr., is a graduate of 
the academy and St. Thomas Classical School at 
Scranton, having been a student in the latter for 
four years; on completing his literary studies he 
entered the College of Physicians and Surgeons 
at Baltimore, where he is a member of the class 
of 1897. The other children are Thomas, a stu- 
dent in the high school ; Norman, who is attend- 
ing St. Mary's Academy; Karl, Eva, Kate and 
Mary. While not maintaining a partisan inter- 
est in politics, Dr. Sullivan is well informed upon 
the national issues and favors Republican princi- 
ples. Professional organizations receive his cor- 
dial support, and he is actively connected with 
the Lackawanna County, State and American 
Medical Societies. 

of the Scranton Beef Company and man- 
ager of the branch of Swift's packing 
house in Scranton, was born in Forty-second 
street. New York City, in 1850, of French parent- 
age and descent. His father, Alexander, who 
was born in Paris, came to America, an orphan, 
at the age of seven, and when about twenty went 
to New York City, where he engaged in mer- 
chandising. Later he settled in Norwich, Che- 
nango County, N. Y., thence removed to Bing- 
hamton, where he died at the age of fifty-seven. 
His two sons, Alexander L. and Louis, both 

residents of Scranton, were born of his union 
with Victorine Villemane, a native of Alsace, 
France, who died in New York State at the age 
of forty-seven. She was the daughter of Francis 
Villemane, who was a member of Napoleon's 
army, crossing the Alps under the leadership of 
that famous general and afterward coming to 
America and settling in Chenango County, N. Y., 
where he died at the age of one hundred and fif- 
teen. His constitution was one of unusual 
strength and robustness, and he retained his vi- 
tality up to a short time before his death. 

At the time the family removed from New 
York City to Norwich, Chenango County, the 
subject of this sketch was a boy of ten years, and 
his education was obtained in the public schools 
of that place. In 1872 he came to Scranton and 
engaged in the hide and tallow business with a 
Air. Beers until 1874, when he became a member 
of the firm of Bell & Francois. Four vears later 
the cattle business was added. In March, 1885, 
he became the representative for Swift & Co., 
and organized the Scranton Beef Company, in 
partnership with Mr. Bell. The latter gentle- 
man, in 1892, when Swift started the Carbondale 
Beef Company, was appoi